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No 62,429 



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• Go for gold on 
Monday — that Is when 
The Times’ unique 
share-price competition 
is relaunched as . 
Portfolio Gold, with a 
daBy prize of £4,000 
and a weekly £8,000. 

• But you will need : 
the new Portfolio Gold 
card to join hi the 

new game. Newsagents 
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day Times Colour 
Magazine will contain a 
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• If you have any dif- 
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details of whereto 
apply appear on page 2 

• Yesterday’s £2,000 
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by Mr David Brown of 
Folkestone, Kent, and 
Pfumstead Common, 
London SE18. 

• Today there is 
£22^)00 to be won — 
£20,000 in the weekly 
competition and £2^)00 
m the daily. Portfolio 
lists page 20 and page 
24. : 

Next week 


The Queen 
at 60 

The Queen 
celebrates her 60 th _ 
birthday this month. 
In athree-part series 
The Times presents 
a profile ofHer 
Majesty, her 
advisers and her 

prison cuts 

Prison governors said that 
some jails were in danger 
because, of budget restraints, 
as prison officers prepare for 
industrial action over the 
issue. The governors say there 
is pressure from iuider-siaff- 
in g and und er-funding to deal 
with more violent criminals 
and a greater prison popula- 
tion Page 2 

Car fraud 

Nearly a quarter of used' £ars 
sold in Britain have the mile- 
age turned back by unscrupu- 
lous . dealers, a National. 
Consumer Council report re- 
veals ; .Fage3 

Zia warned 

Miss Benazir Bhutfo, speaking 
after being welcomed back to 
Pakistan by biqge crowds, 
waned President Zia’s Gov- 
era mem that it could be 
replaced without resort to 

Depot attack 

Masked pickets rampaged 
through a wholesaler's depot 
at Southend^ which handles 
News International papers, 
causing thousands of pounds 
of damage. Six people were 
injured. Page 2 

Hint to Paris 

Mr David Lange. New 
Zealand's Prime Minister, 
hinted that two French agents 
jailed after the Rainbow War- 
rior sinking might be released 
into French custody- Page 7 

Best interests 

It pays more than ever to shop 
around for die best place to 
pul your savings ” 
Family Money, pages 25 til 35 

Hone Pims 2-4 
Overseas 5-2 
Arts _• 

Births, deaths. 
Bsuntees W 
Bssi mu 21-34 
Chess ■ l 

Law Report 35 

Leaders 19 

Letters M 

Furibnoft.. 4 
ReGaiOB - 19 



7V 4 


• 4 

US battle 


From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

• A virtual news blackout was maintained in 
Washington yesterday as US ships headed to w ithin 
striking range oLLibya. 

• It £5 thought that the US is planning to strike 
against Libya, bat that final details have yet to be 

Western embassies in the Arab world have been told 
that a US attack may. come tonight or before dawn 
tomorrow (page 5), 

Oilfields and oQ depots 
might be spared for fear of 

A United States battle group 
of two carriers, 19 cruisers, 
destroyers, mid frigates, plus 
nine support- .-vends, were 
heading east in the Mediterra- 
nean yesterday and will be 
within stfflang range of Libya 
today. The White House and 
the State Department main- 
tained a virtual news blackout 
yesterday, but some officials 
indicated that military action 
was not imminent 
The consensus -is that the 
US wiD'strifce against Libya, 
biit the precise details of how 
and when -have not .been 
finalised. Both Mr ' George 
Shultz, Secretary of State, and 
Mr Gispar Weinberger, the 
Defence Secretary, are but of 
the country.' and a decisive 
American moire in their ab- 
sence is entirely unlikely. 

Mr Shultz returns ‘from 
North Yemen later today and 
Mr Weinberger ends a visit to 
Pacific countries tomorrow. 
There is little doubt that on 
their return Mr Reagan will 
present them with a broad 
^an to strike Libyan missile 
bases, and possibly some in- 
land industrial in«tjy11atinn&- 
. Both ministers support mil- 
itary reprisals for. Libya’s aL 
jjeged .role in tea Saturday's 
bombing Of a discotheque in 
(West Berlin which Idled an 
^American serviceman and in- 
pared more thanJSO-oihers; v ' 
There is- a jpaaeraL assumpo 
lion within thp A&ntimstra- 
tiontbat die Soviet Union 
would, not come directly to 
Libyan aid in’ the. event of an 
tAimricazrattack. The Soviet 
Union may have been quietly 
warned to keep its advisers in 
Libya out of danger areas for 
the rime befog. 

ft seems likely that the 
White House is considering a 
much robre serious attack-, 
against Libya and the opera- 
tion in the disputed waters on 
the Gulf of Sine last month, 
during : wbich the Americans 
struc k missile-caxTying Libyan 
patrol’ boats and a coastal 
missiierariar sfteatSirte. Thai 
ate 5s now believed to be 
operational again, and anoth- 
er is ■virtually complete at 
Benghazi, according to Ameri- 
can satellite photographs. 

■The key . sites in any attack 
would be air bases near the 
coast, which would reduce the 
danger to American aircraft 
that might penetrate deeper 
mio Libyan territory. The US 
bad identified- some, coastal 
listening posts that would also 
he . prime targets. 

upsetting European allies who 
buy substantial quantities of 
Libyan oiL A number of 
Americans still work at those 
sites, in spite of President 
Reagan's recent order for all 
US citizens to leave the 

The White House yesterday 
supported remarks by General 
Bernard Rogers, commander 
of Nato. that the US tod 
advanced warning of last 
weekend’s West Berlin bomb- 
ing. Speaking in Atlanta he 
said American officials were 
beginning to warn off-duty 
soldiers at gathering places in 
West Berlin when the blast 
occuned at the La Belle club. 
“We were about 15 minutes 
too late,” he sauL 

Some intelligence sources 
were quoted yesterday as say- 
ing the US tod information 
“days before" the blast and 
reacted belatedly. General 
Rogers said there was indis-' 
putable evidence that Libya 
was behind the attack. “I can’t 
tell you how we get it, but it's 
there." he said. 

• TRIPOLI: Colonel Gadaffi 
said yesterday that Libya was 
ready to attack any country in 
southern Europe in response 
to a threat "from the whole of 
Nato”, the Jaaa news agency 
reported. jL-^pJoied biro as 
saying the Western alliance 
was threatening civilian tar- 
gets in his country (AP 

• ROME: The Italian Gov- 
ernment has officially called 
for an emergency meeting of 
foreign minister of the Euro- 
pean Community on the crisis 
in the Mediterranean (Peter 
Nichols writes). 

• BONN: Chancellor Kohl 
said yesterday that be could 
understand American bitter- 
ness over terrorist attacks on 
US citizens leading to Wash- 
ington making reprisal strikes 
on Libya. But he said he knew 
nothing about American plans 
for military action (A Corre- 
spondent writes). 

• DELHI: The Libyan Am- 
bassador to India has been 
told by annoyed Indian offi- 
cials to stop advertising in 
newspapers for Indians to join 
the. Libyan armed forces, a 
leading Indian diplomat said 
'Reuter reports). 

Moscow ends its ban 
on imelear testing 

Fran a Correspondent, Moscow 

* * * * * * 

The Kremlin announced 
yesterday that h was ending its 
unilateral ban on nuclear test 
explosions, having urged the 
United States for dght months 
to stop testing weapons in the 
Nevada desert : — 

In a brief statement, issued 
by the news agency Tass, it left 
the door was open for Wash- 
ington to discuss -a joint test 


“Since the United States 
conducted a hew nuclear test 
despite these .warnings, the 
USSR Government declares 
that from now. on. it is free 
from , its unilateral commit- 
ment to refrain from conduct- 
ing any nudear explosions. 

“At the same time, the 
Soviet Government again re- 
affirms its proposal to start 
talks immediately on a -full 
prohibition of nuclear weap- 
ons testing.'’ . 

The Soviet media pounced 

on Thursday's nuclear test in 
Nevada, denouncing the Rea- 
gan Administration for taking 
the world nearer to the “mide- 
ar precipice", while hailing 
Moscow's moratorium on 
testing as a political and moral 

Western diplomats here 
said they feared that Moscow 
tod won the war of words oh 
the issue. 

But the diplomats pointed 
out that the Kremlin must 
have known, after Wash- 
ington's initial response to the 
moratorium, that the Ameri- 
cans were in no mood to stop 

The While House has stated 
repeatedly that the reliability 
of its nuclear weaponry de- 
pends on continuing the test 
programme, and has accused 
Moscow of imposing its ban 
only after completing a series 
of blasts. 

Mr Nick Raynsford and his wife Anne celebrating his victory on a boat in front of Parliament (Photograph: Tim Bishop). 

keen for 
poll tests 

By Philip Webster 
Political Reporter 
The Government is pressing, 
ahead quickly with its next two 
by-election tests, buoyed by 
the failure of the Liberal- 
Social Democratic Alliance to 
make any headway in the 
Fulham contest 
As the Labour Party yester- 
day celebrated Mr Nick 
Raynsford's success in win- 
ning back the seat it held until 
1979, Conservative leaders 
and MPs in seals threatened 
by the Alliance were drawing 
ample consolation from its 
worst performance of the 
present Parliament. 

Writs for the two pending 
by-elections at West Derby- 
shire and Ryedale in York- 
shire are expected to be moved 
in the Commons early next 
week. They are expected to 
take place on May 8, the day 
of the local elections. 

In both seats the main 
challenge to the Conservatives 
will come from the Alliance, 
who finished second in each in 

1983. ) 

. Although the Conservative 
accept that the Alliance’s Ful- 
ham performance is unlikely 
to be typical of its standing in 
more promising territory, Tory 
strategists hive concluded 
that their best hope of bolding 
on to the seats is to move fast 
while Alliance morale is low, 
and to have the elections at a 
time when the resources of 
their opponents will be fully 

Conservative MPS were far 
from downcast yesterday with 
the Fulham result, its first test 
since the Westland troubles. 

Mr Raynsford, aged 41, who 
was received triumphantly by 
Mr Nefl Khmncfc at the Com- 
mons, overcame a Conserva- 
tive majority of 4,789 to win by 
3^503, one of only three gains 
from the Tories since 1971. 

The Prime Minister, on a 
visit to Devon, described the 
defeat as a “typical mid-term 
election”. She added^There is 
no loss of faith." 

She said that H was signifi- 
cant that the Alliance vote had 
collapsed completely. “You 
have to stand very firmly on 
particular principles and poli- 
cies. I have always thought 
that those were not very dear 
in the Affiance.” 

Mr Norman Tebbit, the 
Conservative Party chairman, 
echoed that view: “It is an 
interesting result because it 
seems to mark the decline of 
Continued on page 2, col 1 

Drug gang clue as 
Guinness ransom 
deadline passes 

From Richard Ford, Belfast 

A three-day deadline set by wife of Mr John Guinness, 

the kidnappers of Mrs Jenni- 
fer Guinness pased last night 
without the police or family 
receiving any contact from the 
gang holding her for an 1R£2 
million ransom. 

As the victim’s distraught 
family waited at their luxury 
home police in the republic 
were working on the theory 
that criminals rather than 
subversives were responsible 
for the abduction four days 

One line of investigation 
was into the activities of a 
Dublin drugs dealer who two 
weeks ago was warned by the 
Provisional IRA to cease his 
activity. It is thought the man 
wished to carry out a money- 
raising operation to enable the 
gang he leads to leave the 

Although a nationwide 
search is being carried out for 
Mrs Guinness, aged 48, the 
police hum is being concen- 
trated in the Dublin area 
where detectives believe pie 
missing woman is being 

One of the fears of police is 
that if the abduction was 
carried out by criminals they 
could panic or do something 
foolish. Although the opera- 
tion to abduct Mrs Guinness 
from her home at Howth 
north of Dublin appeared well 
planned there were what po- 
lice believe were unprofes- 
sional aspects including the 
stealing of a small amount of 
loose cash and the ripping out 
of the telephone line. 

A team of 40 detectives 
headed by senior officers is 
leading the hunt for Mrs 
Guinness, who was dragged 
from her home by an armed 
and masked rang led by a man 
called “The Colonel". 

The mother of three is the 


Mrs Guinness, involved in 
squabble over ransom deal 

aged 51, who is chairman of 
the Guinness and Mahon 
merchant bank in Dublin and 
is distantly related to the 
wealthy Guinness Brewery dy- 

Supt Frank Hanlon conced- 
ed yesterday that the police 
had made no breakthrough. 
He appealed to the public to 
report any suspicious move- 
ments in their neighbourhood 
and urged them to keep a 
watch on empty buildings and 
report anything unusual, such 
as people buying extra 
amounts of groceries. 

Both the police and the Irish 

yesterdayreaffirmed their op- 
position to the payment of any 
ransom demands but the diffi- 
culty facing the authorities is 
that cash could be paid out- 
side the jurisdiction and ft is 
likely that they have already 
been in touch with Scotland 
Yard and the British Govern- 
ment in an attempt to thwart 
any attempt to pay the ransom 
in Britain. 

Last night a rift had devel- 
oped between the Guinness 
family and the police over the 
authority's policy of opposi- 
tion to negotiaringand paying 

The family are worried for 
the safety of Mrs Guinness but 
a representative from Control 
Risks, a company who have 
arrived in Dublin, was warned 
by the police not to become 
involved in any attempt to 
negotiate with the kidnappers. 

Last night a person purport- 
ing to be “The Colonel" 
telephoned a Dublin evening 
newspaper saying they had 
until Tuesday to raise the 

The caller added: "If not, 
Mr Guinness will not see his 
wife again”. 

But the caller gave no 
instructions about how or 
where payment should be 
made and the Gardi are 
baffled that the gang gave n0 
instructions when they left the 
house on Tuesday. 

The spate of kidnapping 
and abduction attempts 
against prominent business- 
men and wealthy VIPs in the 
republic has prompted many 
to instal elaborate security at 
their homes and those be- 
lieved most at risk now have 
discreet special branch 

Coldest April on record 

By Hugh Clayton 
Environment Correspondent 
April followed February 
into the record books yester- 
day as lashing winds helped 
keep temperatures down to 
half the usual average for this 
time of year. This year has 
already produced the second 
coldest February of the centu- 
ry apart from that of 1 947. 

The first 10 days of April, a 
period for which average tem- 
peratures have been recorded 
since 1948, were yesterday 
declared to have been the 
coldest since then. 

Daffodils and other spring 
blooms were greeted in many 
gardens yesterday with light 
fells of snow. The London 

Weather Centre blamed winds 
from Scandinavia few the per- 
sistent cold. 

The average daytime tem- 
perature in central London 
this month has been 5.7*0 
(42T). The previous lowest 
average temperature recorded 
for the first 10 days of April 
was 7.6 a C (45”F) in 1978. 

The forecast for today is for 
rain and sleet followed by 
drier weather. 

The cold spell has natural- 
ists worried about the fate of 
some of Britain’s scarcer wild 

A planned release of more 
than 40 rare lizards near the 
Royal Birkdale golf course on 
.Merseyside has already been . 


Researchers are also wor- 
ried about a decline in 
doormice populations. Dr Pat 
Morris, a zoology lecturer, was 
yesterday worried that the 
cold weather would make the 
animals prolong their winter 
hibernation and wake too late 
to produce foe first of their 
two annual litters. 

There has been much un- 
usually cold weather in recent 
years. In 1981 heavy snow fell 
in parts of southern England 
in foe last week of April. 
.Although foe winter of 1984 
was mild, last year's was 
exceptionally cold in much of 
Europe with snowfalls as far 
. south as Madrid. 

Equity bars stars from South Africa 

By CotmHngbes 

British stage and screen 
stars wBl face fifties, suspen- 
sion or threat of expulsion 
from Equity, their trade anion, 
if they perform in South 

The union's tough new anti- 
apartheid fine follows a refer- 
endum. Although only one in. 
tea of its 32,000 members 
returned ballot forms, the 
union's executive trim a 1,946 
tp 1,374 majority in favour of 
an instroctiontomung work In. 
South. Africa, and its depen- 
dent bomefands. . .. - 

The controversial resu lt, on 
at topic which has frequently 
split Qie union's membership, 
riD became immedi a te policy. 
Next week Equity's nding 
council will discuss action to 

disobey the ton. 

Mr Peter Pkwviez, the gen- 
eral secretary, said that he 
expected members would obey 

Suspension or expulsion 
from, the muon is a serious 
threat for actors because it is 
virtually impossible for them 
to work fo Britain unless they 
carry an Equity card. 

The decision may jeopardize 
the position of Mr Derek 
Bond, foe onion's president 
He has already faced calls to 
resign b eca u se he preferred a 
policy which obliged members 
to sigp a declaration saying 
they would not perform to 

racially-segregated audiences, 

a relaxation of Equity’s previ- 
ous policy. 

The vote, announced yester- 
day, was given an enthusiast 
welcome across a broad politi- 
cal spectrum in the union. 
Miss Glenda Jackson, a sup- 
porter of the. moderate union 
grouping Centre Forward, 

said: “I am absolutely delight- 
ed, and only sorry that we did 
not have this edict earlier. It is 
a decisive vote, and Equity 
members are usually good at 
implementing what their exec- 
utive decides." 

Mr Louis Mahoney, who 
chairs Performers Against 
Racism am > is the Afro- Asian 
member of the Equity council, 
said that it was a “wonderful 
success after ten years of 
campaigning to get an outright 
boycott" It would be wel- 
comed by all liberal opinion 
ami black groups in Sooth 

Hanson wins 

for Imperial 

Hanson Trust emerged last 
night as the winner in (he £2.8 
billion takeover battle for 
Imperial, the Courage beer to 
John Player cigarette group, 
when the rival offer by United 
Biscuits foiled. 

The combined grouping of 
Hanson and Imperial has a 
value of £627 billion at 
yesterday's closing share 
prices, making it foe biggest 
British non-oil industrial com- 

Details, page 21 
Tempus, page 23 

Bill passed 

By Sheila Gunn 
Political Staff 

The Government unexpect- 
edly dropped its resistance to a 
Bill to improve the prospects of 
the disabled and mentally ill 

A major confrontation tod 
been predicted tot the Disabled 
Persons (Services. Consultation 
and Representation) Bill is now 
likely io complete its passage 
through Parliament without 
any changes after foe retreat at 
the third reading and report 

It was a sign of the 
Government's eagerness to 
pacify its own backbenchers 
after opposition to foe threat- 
ened Land R over sell-off and 
the Sunday trading Bill 

The Disabled Persons Bill, 
proposed by Mr Tom Clarke, 
Labour MP for Monklands 
West, is aimed at dealing with 
failings in community care 
which have led to mental 
patients being discharged from 
institutions with nowhere logo. 
U should mean proper assess- 
ments of the mental and physi- 
cal disabled and better 
communications between those 
concerned with their care. 

Mr Clarice said: This was a 
big dimbdown. Of the four 
major points we made, we have 
won three-and-a-tolf of them”. 

The principles won support 
from MPs of all parties. But the 
Government claimed the BiD 
would be bureaucratic and 
costly with ministers estimating 
that its provisions could cost 
£100 million. Mr Clarke had 
argued that they would eventu- 
ally lead to savings. 

Their change of mind was 
revealed to Mr Clarke by Mr 
John Wakeham. the Govern- 
ment Chief Whip, in a 9am 
visit immediately before the 
start of the debate. He made 
dear that there would be no 

Continued on page 28. ad 8 

UN boss 

From Frank Johnson 

Dr Kurt Waldheim has given 
a new account of his movements 
for the years during which he is 
accused of having had direct 
knowledge of war crimes. 

Because be has been involved 
in an election campaign and 
because the allegations related 
to a period so long ago, he says 
he has only in the past few days 
bad a chance to acquire the 
necessary facts and to check the 
dates. He now realizes that, for 
example, “I was not even 
presetft in Salonika ” — Saloni- 
ka being the scene of a mass 
deportation of Jews in 1943 of 
which Dr Waldheim allegedly 
had knowledge. 

The outline of his new ver- 
sion was sketched by him 
dining the television debate 
with his Socialist opponent. Dr 
Kurt Steyrer, here on Thursday 
evening. He elaborated in an 
interview with The Times yes- 
terday during a campaign stop 
at Weidhofen, a small town 
about 60 miles from Vienna. 

Whether Dr Waldheim's 
changed account will make 
him more or less believable 
remains to be seen. It does not 
contradict anything he has 
previously said. But he is sure 
to be accused of discovering 
convenient details rather late. 

The former United Nations 
Secretary-General also said 
that he and his staff were 
preparing a dossier which, 
they claimed, would prove that 
the campaign against him was 
started by people dose to, or 
members of, the Austrian 
Socialist Party. 

The case against him starts 
with the now famous omission 
in bis 1977 memoirs of any 
reference to military service 
after December 1941, when he 
was wounded on the eastern 
front and invalided back to 
Vienna. “It was impossible to 
leave the country (Austria)," 
the book says. “I was allowed 
to continue studying for my 
doctorate in law which I 
received about two years 

The World Jewish Congress 
last month published the in- 
formation that Dr Waldheim, 
in reality, saw further military 
service in the Balkans for a 
long period after that date. 

The issue, however, is what 
kind of service It was. Profes- 
sor Robert Herzstein, a profes- 
sor of history at the University 
of Sooth Carolina, retained as 
a pud consultant by the World 
Jewish Congress to investigate 
Dr Waldheim, wrote last week 
that the Austrian presidential 
candidate was “an important 
intelligence officer in Gronp E, 
a German Army group of 
300,000 men based in and 
around Salonika, Greece. He 
was responsible for security in 
the southern Balkan region." 

Dr Waldheim said yester- 
day that be bad recently 

Continued on page 20, col 1 

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Prison governors agree 
jails are in danger 
from cuts in finances 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

Prison governors yesterday 
said that some jails were being 
placed in danger by budget 
restraints imposed by the 
Government as prison offi- 
cers prepared for industrial 
aciion over the issue. 

Governors have been ad- 
vised by their union not to 
undertake duties normally 
carried out by prison offi- 
cers — if they take industrial 
action — unless it threatens 
life, prevents essential ser- 
vices, or offends against the 

Governors will not censor 
mail, conduct visits, take 
charge of work parties, serve 
extras to prisoners from the 
jail shop or similar tasks. 
Essential services include 
feeding, hygiene needs, proper 
medical care and the discharge 
of prisoners on the date due. 

Ballot results so far known 
indicate an overwhelming 
vote by officers in favour of 
industrial action, which could 
cause administrative chaos in 

The governors' attitude now 
becomes crucial, but they will 
not take industrial action. 
Government contingency 
plans include the use of troops 
and camps. 

In their first public state- 
ment of their position, gover- 
nors said yesterday that their 
policy on" the issue at the 
centre of the dispute was 
broadly similar to that of the 
Prison Officers' Association. 

Some establishments were 
being placed in danger. Gener- 
ally there was pressure result- 
ing from under-staffing and 
under-funding to deal with 
more violent criminals and a 
greater prison population. 

Mr Sidney Powell, secretary 
of the prison governors' 
branch of the Society of Civil 
and Public Servants, yester- 
day disclosed that it had sent a 
letter to the Prime Minister at 
the beginning of the month, 
warning of frustration and 
anger frit by prison officers 
and other staff about financial 

The letter came after a 
motion at the governors' an- 
nual conference in January 
calling for government action 
to reduce pressure on jails. 

Mr Powell quoted Mr Leon 
Briuan, then Home Secretary, 
as talking to the 1983 Conser- 
vative Party conference about 
measures taken to deal with 
law and order and an in- 
creased number of violent 
criminals in custody with dim 
prospects of release. 

“We owe it to the brave 
men and women who staff our 
prisons to ensure that they are 
given the resources to tackle 
that challenge ” he said. 

Mr Powell said yesterday: 
“That statement is not com- 
patible with what has hap- 
pened since.” Last year 
financial constraints were 
placed on the service and 
increased this year. In 1984, 
Mr Briuan had forecast a 

S risen population of 47,000 
y the end of the decade. Last 
year it reached 48,000. 

Man in the news 

Slow climb to Westminster 

By Richard Evans. Lobby Reporter 

Mr Nick Ravnsford. 
Fulham’s new Labour MP. 
was greeted as a victorious 
hero by his party at Westmin- 
ster yesterday - in marked 
contrast to the reception he 
received 21 years ago when he 
first attempted to "enter” 

Then a young university 
student, more interested in 
climbing than politics, he was 
in London for a friend's 
twenty-first birthday when, on 
a warm summer's night. West- 
minster first beckoned. 

“After I had far more beer 
than was good for me. I was 
persuaded" with others to as- 
cend the Houses of 
Parliament”, he recalls some- 
what sheepishly. 

“We drove down to Parlia- 
ment Square, parked the car. 
and four of us did the climb 
without ropes. It was extreme- 
ly foolish.” He was duly 
greeted on the roof by two 
waiting policemen. 

Wyvill Richard Nicolls 
Ravnsford was bom in 1944. 
His father had been killed 
months earlier in Normandy. 

and his mother died in a car 
crash 1 1 years later. 

Brought up by his grandpar- 
ents, he comes from what he 
calls a "conservative 
background". Educated at 
Repton before going on to 
Sidney Sussex. Cambridge, 
where be gained a degree in 
history, he displayed little 
early interest in politics, and 
while at Cambridge flirted 
briefly with the Conservative. 
Liberal, and Labour Clubs. 

After leaving Cambridge in 
1966. he worked in market 
research for two years before 
going to the Chelsea School of 

He married in 1968. and his 
wife. Anne, rented a house in 
Fulham, west London. He 
soon became angered by plans 
to build a motorway through 
the constituency and cam- 
paigned successfully against iL 
It was also a period when 
property prices were rising, 
and tenants with inadequate 

in 1 970. and within a year was 
elected to the Hammersmith 
and Fulham Borough Council, 
and became chairman of the 
leisure and recreation com- 

In 1973. he started work for 
the London Housing Aid Cen- 
tre. first in its emergency 
department then as head of 
research, before becoming di- 
rector in 1976. 

However, because of the 
workload he decided to resign 
as a councillor in 1975. But 
while remaining an active 
Labour Party member he 
stayed on the political side- 
lines until 1981 when he 
sought the parliamentary 
nomination in Fulham. He 
lost by three votes. 

Last September, before the 
Fulham by-election was in the 
offing, he was persuaded by 
colleagues to try again. This 
time he won easily. 

legal protection were forced 

if I 

out of their homes by land- 

He joined the Labour Party 

The rest of the story is 
history. Labour's new “Mr 
Nice Guy” has made it to 
Westminster — the legal way. 

Tories to move by-election writs 

Continued from pace 1 

the SDP/Liberal grouping. It 
looks as if they were squeezed 
out and people are perhaps 
returning to their traditional 
voting loyalties." 

There was no attempt by the 
Alliance to disgnise its dismay 
with the result. Dr David 
Owen, the SDP leader, 
said:“It is a disappointing 
result and there is no point in 
trying to pretend otherwise. 
\Ve only increased our vote by 
1 per cent and would have 
liked to have increased it by a 
great deal more than that. 

“Labour have done well, 
they had a good candidate and 
fought a good campaign. It is a 
bad result for the Conserva- 
tives hot also a bad result for 


Mr David Steel, the Liberal 
leader, admitted that the result 
was disappointing but said 

that one isolated victory did 
not make a Labour 

But Labour leaders were 
jubilant, seeing in the outcome 
public backing for Mr NeQ 
Kinnock's efforts to take on 
the Militant Tendency. Mr 
Roy Hattersely, Labour's dep- 
uty leader, said it was an 
historic victory for the Labour 
Party, demonstrating that the 
people had rejected Conserva- 
tive policies and recognized 
the SDP as an irrelevance. 

Mr Raynsford sailed down 
the Thames yesterday for a 
champagne welcome from Mr 
Kinnock at Westminster. He 
sa»d:“This is a tremendous 
resale for the Labour Party. 
We have overturned a substan- 
tial Conservative majority 
with a thumping victory and 
we have marginalized the 
SDP. The SDP are on the way 
out as a serious party in 

British politics.” 

Mr Kinnock said the suc- 
cess was a lift for the whole 
party m the run-np to the local 

The Alliance had failed 
because they had nothing to 
say.“They could not even at- 
tract the Tories who wanted to 
vote against Mrs Thatcher.” 

But despite the attempts of 
the two main parties to write 
off the Alliance, few politi- 
cians doubt that it will form 
the main challenge to the 
Tories in West Derbyshire 
and Ryedale. It could win 
either seat on a swing of about 
14 per cent 

Mr John Spence, who re- 
cently died, held Ryedale with 
a majority of 16,142 in 1983. 
Mr Matthew Parris, MP for 
West Derbyshire, who is leav- 
ing politics for television, had 
a majority of 15 , 325 . 







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Off caps with a difference at the Sovereign's Parade at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, yesterday, where the wind 
whipped away the headgear of several graduating officer cadets marching past Princess Anne. Top? hatless cadets. Relow 

left: a warrant officer collects a cap, which then joins a pile. 

MoD might waive 
£ 60 m levy for US 

By Rodney Cowton, Defence Correspondent 

The Ministry of Defence is 
considering the possibility of 
offering to waive a £60 million 
levy on Hawk trainer aircraft 
to be supplied for the United 
States Navy in return for the 
US foregoing levies when 
preparing bids for alternatives 
to the troubled British Nim- 
rod airborne early warning 

The US Navy is expected to 
require 300 Hawk trainer 
aircraft, and it is intended they 
should be supplied by British 
Aerospace in a joint project 
with the American company 
McDonnell Douglas. 

Meanwhile, because of 
doubts about the ability of the 
British GEC company satis- 
factorily to complete the Nim- 
rod project, the Ministry of 
Defence is seeking bids from 
American companies with 
possible substitute systems for 

There are basically three 
American aircraft which could 
replace Nimrod. They are the 
Boeing AW ACS. now in ser- 
vice with Nato. the Lockheed 
P-3, and the US Navy's 
Grumman E2C Hawkeve. 

Where research and devel- 
opment work on an aircraft 
has been financed by a govern- 
ment. it is normal to add a 
surcharge to the price of 
overseas sales to recover a 
portion of this cost The MoD 
said yesterday that the idea of 

waiving these surcharges was 
one they might look at for the 
mutual benefit of both states, 
but it was premature to dis- 
cuss it because it would re- 
quire an administrative 
agreement and this had not 
been negotiated. 

• More than 2,000 shipyard 
workers who went on strike in 
an unsuccessful attempt to 
stop the launch of HMS 
Coventry voted yesterday to 
return to their jobs. 

The craftsmen at Swan 
Hunter Shipbuilders on the 
Tyne agreed overwhelmingly 
at a mass meeting to accept 
the advice of national union 
officers to resume normal 
working from Monday. 

This will enable talks to go 
ahead on Thursday between 
union officers and manage- 

The men went on strike on 
Monday but their aim of 
preventing the launch of Cov- 
entry. the new £100 million 
Type 22 frigate, was foiled 
when management staged a 
dramatic launch early on 
Tuesday morning. 

After the meeting. Mr Den- 
nis Shadbolt, the company’s 
industrial relations and per- 
sonnel director, said manage- 
ment was looking forward to 
talks with the union over its 
final offer — to increase wages 
from £1 35 a week to £1 53 now 
and £160 next year. 


Land Rover battle 

By Clifford Webb, Motoring Correspondent 

The Land Rover manage-' 
ment team which is seeking to 
buy the state-owned company 
yesterday won a powerful, if 
controversial, ally in the shape 
of Mr Michael Heseltine, the 
former Secretary of State for 

He told Conservative Party 
meetings in Birmingham and 
Derby: “The management- 
employee buy-out should be 

He said the worst possible 
reason for delaying a manage- 
ment buy-out would be to 
keep the company as a 
“sweetener” for some later 
deal to sell Ley land Trucks. 

Mr Paul Channon. Secre- 
tary of State for Trade and 
Industry, was also in the 
Midlands yesterday visiting 
the factory in Rocester. North 
Staffordshire factory of J C 
Bamfocd. the rival bidders. / 

• He declined to comment on 
Mr HeseJ tine’s intervention 
and insisted that bis long 
standing arrangements to visit 
J C Bam ford would have 
“looked just as odd” if he had 
cancelled them. 

Mr Tiny Rowlands’ compa- 
ny, Lonrho, is the third 

Mr Heseltine said Land 
Rover should be allowed to 
“Maze new trails in the private 
sector like Jaguar”. Control of 
the company would be locaL 

“Policy decisions on com- 
ponents and suppliers wiU be 
determined in the Midlands 
not in boardrooms overseas.” 

Mr Heseltine denied that 
his criticism of US car manu- 
facturers was further evidence 
of his anti-American stand 
dining his' battle to flop 
Westland Helicopters falling 
into American hands. 

Big fall in union rolls 

The number of trade union 
members Iras fallen by more 
than two million since 1 979 to 
10.774,000, tiie annual report 
of the Certification Officer for 
Trades Unions land 
Employers’ Associations 

The largest fall was in the 
Transport and Oeneral 
Workers’ Union — by 56.000 
to 1,491,000. However, the 

union did acquire one new 
recruit when the Queen Moth- 
er; accepted honorary mem- 
bership to go- with her 
honorary job of Simfofidd 
porter. - • 

Total assets for aH unions 
rose m 1984 to £531 million 
from £470 million the previ- 
ous year. Both figures exclud- 
ed the sequestrated funds of 
the MineworJoers. 

at depot 

• More than 200 people 
took part in a demonstration 
in Paris yesterday organized 
by foe communist-lea OGT 
union in support of the work- 
ers dismissed at News Interna- 
tional (Diana Geddes writes 
from Paris). 

After garnering outside the 
offices of Le Monde, the 
demonstrators marched to the 
British Embassy, where M 
Roger. Lanay, secretary of the 
Parisian print branch of. the 
CGT^ handed a cheque .for 
120,000 franc (abootfl 1,000) 
ro Mr Bryn- Griffiths, presi- 
dent of the National Graphi- 
cal Association. . 

: • Mr Jacob Ecclestone has 
retained bis post as deputy 
general secretary of the Na- 
tional Union of Journalists in 
abaSoi of the membership. 


are backed 

by bishops 

Roman Catholic bishops 
yesterday criticized the 
teachers’ pay and career struc- 
ture as being “inadequate for 
the desirable status of the 

After a three-day conference 
they issued a statement saying 
that “further local authority or 
central government cuts in 
resources would run the risk of 
gravely damaging an already 
under-resourced enterprise”. 
The statement will be sent to 
Sir Keith Joseph. Secretary of 
State for Education and 

The bishops of England and 
Wales, who met at 
Archbishop’s House, West- 
minster, said: “Negotiations 
so far have been virtually 
impossible because of the 
seeming inflexibility of both 
Government and unions.” 

The Bishop of Leeds, the 
Right Rev David Konstant. 
who beaded a committee 
looking at the education ques- 
tion. disclosed yesterday that 
he had a secret meeting recent- 
ly with Sir Keith. 

“The teachers have a very 
strong case, which has the 
bishops' backing.” he said. 
“The health of the nation 
demands a good education 
service. It is our belief that the 
status of teachers is inade- 
quately recognized in respect 
of salary and career 

The bishop said that they 
felt the statement was neces- 

Younger’s troops promise to Ulster 

By Gavin Bell 

Mr George Younger, Secre- 
tary of State for Defence,bas 
promised to send more froops 
to Northern Ireland if re- 
quired to help the Royal 
Ulster Constabulary's battle 
against a terror campaign 
being waged against it by 
“loyalists” angered by the 
Anglo-Irish agreement 

Mr Younger, paying his first 
visit to the province yesterday 
since being appointed in Janu- 
ary, recalled that two extra 
battalions had been drafted in 
since the controversial accord 
was signed last November. 

The arrival of 1,200 men of 
The Kings Own Scottish Bor- 
derers and the Royal Green 
Jackets in January and March 
came after a series of Provi- 
sional IRA mortar attacks 
against the RUC. It brought 
the present army strength to 

Mr Younger began his visit 
with a briefing from Lieuten- 
am-General Robert Pasco, 
GOC Northern Ireland, before 
flying by helicopter to south 
Armagh to meet troops of the 
First Battalion, the Black 
Watch, supporting RUC units 
in the border area. 

“I can see that there is very 
great concern over the politi- 
cal issues at the moment 
among the loyalists, but there 
is also a remarkable display of 
loyalty and of professionalism 
by the RUC." 

The minister met members 
of border patrols and of a 
special airborne .reaction 
force, and toured observation 
posts by helicopter. He then 
went to a battalion of the 

Mr Younger talking to soldiers of the Blade Watch In 
Bessbrook, Co Armagh 

Ulster Defence Regiment 
where he was briefed on the 
work of bomb disposal units. 

There were signs yesterday 
that the level of violence may 
be dropping, with only two 
petrol bomb attacks repotted 
against the police during the 

preceding night 

s thrown at a mobile 

One was' 
support unit in Belfast and 
two were hurled through the 
living room window of the 
home of an RUC family in 
Lisburn, south of the city 
Mr Fred Gracey, a former 
RUC officer who was in the 
house with his 'rife. Isobel. 
said later: “I’m satisfied, not 
terrified. If they want it, in the 
plain words of an Irishman. 

the hell with ft, they can have 

The couple's four sons are 
all members of the RUC 

More than 160 gun, petrol 
bomb, and stoning attacks 
have been repott e d, agai n st the 
RUC since March Land more 
than 30 police families have 
been forced to leave their 

The Ulster Defence Associ- 
ation, the biggest Protestant 
paramilitary Or ganizati on, has 
refused to denounce the at- 
tacks. fait yesterday Mr John 
McMichael, .its political 
Spokesman, gave a clear indi- 
cation that there may be a lull, 
.for the moment. 

“Our belief is that the 

Anglo-Irish agreement must 
be opposed, and that there 
should be no limit to that 
opposition,” he said. . ; . 

“For about a week now, we 
have been strenuously trying 
to bring the situation under 
control But if the Govern- 
ment makes another mistake, 
like banning legal.parades, the 
people will hit out blindly. 

Concern about the nightly 
waves of shootings and bomb- 
ings has prompted the Police 
Federation, representing the 
province's 12,500 RUC- offi- 
cers, to uogp their police chief 
to reconsider his participation 
in conference meetings under 
the Anglo-Irish agreement 

A lteration istatement is- 
sued yesterday reiterated that 
Mr Alan Wright its chairman, 
had called for serious consid- 
eration of. die need . for' Sir 
John Hermon: the chief-con- 
stable; to attend “because of 
- misinterpretation giving rise 
to the unfortunate view many 
people, have of the _chief 
constable as. being politically 

The Northern Ireland Of- 
fice said Sir John and Mr 
Lawrence Wren. Commis- 
sioner of die Irish Garda 
Siochana. had attended three 
of the four full conference 
meetings held so far. 


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Polish player is clear 
victor in chess contest 

By Harry Goiombek 

; Correspondent 

Robert Kuczynski. the Pol- 
ish player, drew, in 38 moves, 
with the Indian player 
Viswanathan Anand. and thus 
came clear first in the Oakham 
School Young Masters tourna- 
ment. with a score of 6ft 
points from nine games. 

Gosely behind came four 
pfayers with six points each: 
Anana. the international mas- 
ter Mark Condie, of Scotland, 
who also won the brilliancy 
prize in the event the English 
international master, James 
Howell, and the Hungarian. 
Csaba Horvath 

Four English players were in 
the next point group at 5ft; 
Kenneth Shovel, Graham 
Waddingham, Peter Wells and 
Neil McDonald, who missed 
his international master norm 
and title by a half point 
However, after his first 
place finish this month in the 
GLC Chess Challenge, his 
result of 5ft points confirms 
him as one of the most 
promising young English mas- 
ters. Other players with 5ft 


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Police charge 
widow of 
pub landlord 

Mrs Marion Joannou. 
whose husband was found 
dead or foe lawn of their 
home at Thames Ditton, Sur- 
rey, Iasi week, is to appear in 
court on Monday. 

She is charged with imped- 
ing the arrest of Lance Corpo- 
ral John Walton, who 
appeared in court last 
Wednesday charged with mur- 
dering Mr Michael Joannou, 
the landlord of a public house. 

A spokesman for Scotland 
Yard said that Mrs Joannou, 
aged 35, of Camm Gardens, 
Thames Ditton, would appear 
before magistrates at Walton 
and Esher. 

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Offers Welcome 

By Michael HorsneU 

Masked pickets rampaged 
through a newspaper distribu- 
tion depot early yesterday and 
injured six people, including 
three policemen, in a 'widen- 
ing, of 1 violent protest against 
News International; 

In foe ugliest demonstration 
outside London since foe 
company dismissed. 6,000 
striking print workers in Janu- 
ary, ptSets carrying Sogat *82 
insignia caused thousands of 
pounds foe John 
Meazies depot in Southend, 
Essex. Two of the injured were 

Earlier in foe. (tight demon- 
strators lei down car tyres and 
ptecedstkkuson windscreens 
saying “London Sogai-Last 

Then at 2 anftwo men from 
a group of about 40 who 
arrived by coach from Lon- 
don. many of whom wore 
balaclavas and scarves to cov- 
er their faces, were allowed 
entry to tire ' premises after 
they asked permission to 
speak to the father of- the 
chapel . (chairman of foe 
branch) there. 

The two men quickly Un- 
locked the door to the Vesti- 
bule and 19 otherS'invaded the 
offices and warehouse. ; 

They smashed the trie- 
phone when an employee tried 
to alert police. beat up three 
employees, burled fire extin- 
guishers through windows and 
attacked flation^y vehicles. 

Tire pickets were eventually 
contained bypoBce. Plans to 
disrupt distribution of The 
Times aind The were 

imqicrtsgfiri- . 

A spokesman for John Men- 
zies. which has resisted several 
print union pickets at its 87 
nationwide wholesale outlets 
ancethe dispute began, said: 
“I am proud to ay the staff 
did not hesitate afterwards to 
handle supplies and effected 
109 per cent distribution." 




^ ii 




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> l if 

dealers’ clocking 

Unscrupulous dealers 
turned bade the mileometers 
of nearly a quarter of the used 
cars sold in Britain last year, a 
National Consumer Council 

report states 

Congress in Ne w ca stl e upon 
Tyne, said locking*’. Is rife 
“^pnally, costing consumers 
£1 00 million m fraud «M*h 
year..; ' 

Of an estimated two minion 
used cars sold in the UK last 
year, 22 per cent had an 
incorrect mileage reading, 
some cam reduced by 30,000 
; miles, the report found. 

: Complaints by consumers 
about the motor trade ap- 
proach 1 00,000 a year,accord- 
ing to the Institute of Trading 
Standards Administration. 
The report says the safe of 

unroad worthy and oftendan- 
gerous vehicles presents a real 
risk to unsuspecting 
. motorists. 

. “Motorists are being duped 
by unscrupulous dealas, who 
are making an illegal profit of 
more than £1,000 on reducing 
the mileage readings,” Mr Bob 
Wright, the chief consumer 
protection officer for Barns- 
ley, south Yorkshire, said 

He said tbe Consumer Con- 

micros up 
by 25% 

By B31 Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

One in five small businesses 
has a microcomputer, an in- 
crease of nearly a quarter in 12 
months, with a a p refer e nce 
being shown for British-made 
machines, according to a sur- 
vey of the industry. 

However, foe study by 
Gowliig Marketing Sendees, 
which conducts foe yearly 
survey, predicts that -sales of 
micros are unlikely to exceed 
last year’s leveL There are 
more than one milli on small 
businesses in the United 

The most popular micros 
are foe BBC/Acom models 
commanding 17 per cent of 
foe market The remaining 
principal suppliers are Com- 
modore “ wifo . IS per cent, 
ACT Sirius/ Apricot with 
9 per cent, and IBM with 
9 per cent . 

But foe small businesses are 
becoming, increasingly con- 
scious of computing power. In 
addition to the owners of 
microcomputers a further 
6 per cent have access to com- 
puter terminals connecting, 
them to a large computer 

Crash family 
wins damages 

Tbe family ofe man who 
died in a car crash three years 
ago was awarded ; £100,000 
damag es at the High Court 

Mr Andrew Phipps, aged 
29, of Headington, Oxford, 
was driving on foe A415 near 
Witney, Oxfordshire, when he 
was in collision with another 
car. Damages were awarded 
against the ocher car dnver, 
Mr Timothy Peters, of Wor- 
thing, West Sussex, who de- 
nied negligence, but consented 
to judgemenL 

gress. wflTpia pressure on the 
Government to tighten the 
1972 Road Traffic Act and 
stop the sale of unroad worthy 

The consumer .council 
wants new cars to be .fitted 
with . . tamper-proof 
mileometers and car registra- 
tion documents, to include a 
-statement of .mileage, with 
;detafis logged on the DVLC 
.computer in Swansea. 

Mr Wright said car auctions 
should be r licensed and 
hcencees required ., to keep 
records of cars bought and 
soki; and traders should pro- 
vide a pre-sale information 
sheet, listing the mileage, con- 
dition, state of the key compo- 
nents and checks wmch have- 
been carried out. 

The report, winch was pre- 
pared by the consumer council ; 
and foe Institute of Trading ‘ 
Standards Association, said 
tbe. motor trade is one of tbe 
biggest single areas of concern 
for'eonsumers. • - 

High mileage “company” 
r* - sold after two or three 
. j, formed tbe backbone of 
foe lucrative, illegal- trade in 
“clocked” second-hand cars. 

Each year, about 1.7 million 
new cars are solfo of which 60 
percent are bought by compa- 
nies. Many of those run up to 

Mothers’ weight 
link with cancer 

By Our Science Correspondent 

Pregnant women who are 
overweight risk passing testio- 
ular cancer to their unborn 
sons, a leading scientist said 

The women produce extra 
amounts of foe female hor- 
mone, oestrogen, which af- 
fects the hormonal balance of 
foe child and is a risk factor in 
cancer of foe testicles, Profes- 
sor Malcolm Pike told a 
British Medical Association 
conference in Oxford. 

Women who are 30 pounds 
overweight are three times 
more likely to have a son who 
develops testicular cancer, 
usually by the age of 30, 
Professor Pike, director of a 

in on the 

By Onr Transport Editor 

British Telecom has totro- 
doced a new weapon against hi 
- lackers and bullion robbers 
which uses a network of radio 
beacons fixed to temp posts, 
and In-vehicle navigation 

The system, called Pinpoint, 
uses battery-operated bea- 
cons, ahoat six indies square, 
and installed on np to 1,500 
lamp posts, at two-kilometre 
intervals, and enables fleet 
operators to pinpoint the posi- 
tion of any of their vehicles to 
within' 50 metres, anywhere 
inside the M25 orbital 

If a va is bracked, control 
continues to follow Us track, 
enabling rapid police 

Subscribers — initially ex- 
pected to be mainly security 
and cornier Aims — will face 
capital eftsts . of £Iv000 a 
vehicle, and op to £l ranfion 
for a private control room, phis 
£100 a year rental for each 

Telephone ‘hotline’ on 
had driving instructors 

By Clifford Webb, Motoring Correspondent 

Tbe Driving instructors* 
Association (DIA) has -opened 
a telephone “hotline” to col- 
lect evidence from learner- 
drivers which could lead to 
prosecutions of “cowboy” 

The move, announced yes- 
terday, comes after a large 
increase in foe number of 
complaints . against 

Mr Graham Fryer, foe 
DIA's chief executi ve, sa id a 
small minority of irresponsi- 
ble instructors was causing 
problems. There included ab- 

sconding with lesson fees, 
failing to turn up for appoint- 
ments and making improper 
advances to pupils. 

He said it was practically 
impossible to make the De- 
partment of Transport, foe 
licensing authority for driving 
instructors, take action against 
foe offenders. The “hotline” 
was tbe first positive step 
taken by the driving school ; 
industry to protect both the 
industry ' and the general 

The “hotline” number is 01- , 

cancer research unit at the 
Raddiffe Infirmary, Oxford, 

He said there had been an 
“astonishing” rise in foe inci- 
dence of testicular cancer, 
with foe number of cases 
almost doubling between 1964 
and 1982. About one man in 
450 will contract the disease;. 

Tbe link with foe mother’s 
weight is one of a number of 
risk factors being investigated 
by Professor Pike and fellow 
scientists, who are testing 
hormone levels in blood sam- 
ples from thousands of wom- 
en who gave birth to sons in 
tbe past 10 years.' 

admits to 

. Deny Mainwaring Knight, 
a self-styled satanist, admitted 
at Maidstone Crown Court 
yesterday that he had studied 
salesmanship and had used 
“his powers of confidence 

But be claimed that was 
only in his “criminal career” 
in foe past before he commit- 
ted himself to God to fine 
himself from satanism. 

Mr Knight yesterday, faced 
cross-examination from Mr 
Michael Corkery, QC. for the 
prosecution, on his third day 
in foe witness box in foe 
“satan conman” triaL 

Mr Knight, aged 46, ah 
unemployed painterand deco- 
rator tirom Dormansland, Sur- 
rey, denies 19 charges of 
obtaining more than . £200, 000 
by deception from committed 
Qiristians. He claims he need- 
ed the money to buy satanic 
regalia to free himself from thc 
control of the devil, but it is 
alleged he spent it on fast cars 
and women. 

Asked by Mr Corkery if he 
had used his “powers of 
confidence trickery to .get 
people to part with their 
money”, Mr. Knight replied: 
“Certainly in my criminal 

Mr Knight said there had 
been one occasion when the 
Rev John Baker, rector of 
Newick. Sussex, who ted 
raised the £200,000 for him, 
had refused him money to buy 
an item with satanic 

When Mr Knight was an- 
swering questions from Mr 
Michael West, QC, defence 
counsel Mr Baker was can- 

and nodding bis bead towards 
Mr Knight from the public 

The bearing continues oh 

Upsurge in Daikon claims 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

A large number of British 
women have lodged claims 
against foe American mann- 
foSnrere of the Daikon Shield: 

contraceptive device dnna g 
the past few weeks, b ringin g 
the total number of claiman ts 
to some 1500- 
The increase, wifo orgy 
three weeks » 8® before tbe 
April 30 deadline for claims, 
«me ***£ 

ITInllP " » 1 — — 

The authority has alerted 
women to their right to make* 

claim against foe n» na 5*5*' 
ersof the tatra-uterf ne device, 

A H Babins. 

several thousand pomds na 
ad vertising- 
Mr Ian PatatoM, 
retfon’s solicitor, smd yester- 

three w«fc we have 

and we are registering dates 
for them to the United States 
bankruptcy court. ' 

- “We believe we have a 
contraceptive .advisory role as 
well as the duty of after-care 
for people teflering from 

Tbe company, of Richmond, 
Vaghtia, stopped selling the 
tiny device in. 1974, when h 
was the yi^est-seOing intra- 
otertoe device to foe world. But 
-doctors were not advised until 
1980 to remove it from women. 
Mr Paterson said yesterday 
that there were still women 
coming forward who were 
using u. .*• 

The alleged results of using 
the deviceindade; septic abor- 
tion, pelvic inflammatory , dis- 
ease, ectopic pregnancy, -ami 
even 'death." Compensation 

could be up to many thousands' 
of pounds. 

Because the dates are be- 
ing brought under the Ameri- 
can coutrogency fee system, 
under which the English law- 
yers will also be paid in tbefr- , 
rote as agents for the Atom- 
can lawyers, dates can 1 be : 
made even where women can- 
not obtain legil aid. 

An estimated 90,000 women 
used foe Daikon Shield to 
Britain. But becanse of worM- 
vrkte litigation, foe manufac- j 
tnrers filed for re-orgamraifofi j 
under American bankruptcy 
laws test Angnst As a result 
tbe amount of damages they 
pay out in fttfnre.daims'wiU be 

Women can contact the 
Daikon Shield Association at 
24 Patshull Road, London 

NWS. -'••• 


>AY APRIL 12 1986 

Mum-storey i 
carpark , 

r ' ' ' — % Jh 

30,000 to 40,000 miles a year 
before being sold at auctions. 

Tt is not unusnal for these 
cars to have 50,000, 60,000 or 
even 70.000 miles docked,” 
Mr Wright said. 

In one recent case, a Scot- 
tish. dealer was sent to prison 
after being fonnd guilty of 
“clocking* more than 700 
mileage fleet cars. 

Bat Mr Wright said during 
the past few years the average 
fine imposed by the courts for 
“docking" offences was be- 
tween £600 and £700. By- 
contrast, the unscrupulous 
trader reaps an illegal profit of 
more than £1,000 for .ah 
average 30,000 to 39,000 mile 


- The Motor Agents Associa- 
tion yesterday dismissed some 
of foe claims contained in foe 
report as highly dubious. 

“We are as concerned about 
clocking as anyone else, be- 
cause traders can suffer from it 
just as mudi as consumers. 
But it is nonsense to suggest 
that ft is as widespread as tile 
report makes out.” 

The Automobile Associa- 
tion said motorists could safe- 
guard themselves by having 
an AA or tbe Royal Automo- 
bile Gub vehicle inspection 
before buying a second-hand 

reclaim - 






shares in 
Gold cards 

Portfolio Gold, the re- 
launched version of The 
Times ’ popular daily 
competition based on share 
prices, starts on Mon- 

To be in the running, 
make sure you have a Port- 
folio Gold card, as the 
old blue cards will be invalid 
after today's game. 

Supplies have been 
made available to news- 
agents this week, and 
there will be a gold card in 
every copy of The Sun- 
day Times colour magazine 

& Underground station 

Air terminal security doubt 

By Michael Baily, Transport Editor 

Doubts were raised about 
anti-terrorist measures at 
Heathrow Airport's new ter- 
minal four m foe eve of its 
public opening yesterday. 

In a last-minute visit to the 
£200 million terminal, Mr Mi- 
chael Spicer, Under Secretory 
of State for Transport respon- 
sible for aviation, said there 
would be no automatic X-ray 
checks on passengers' heavy 
baggage, although this is 
fo ought to have teen a key to 
past airpoirt terrorist attacks. 

Mr Spicer said mobile X- 
ray equipment in the terminal 
tending would he used to deal 
with particular threats when 
they arose. Passengers and 
hand-baggage would be 

screened automatically on en- 
tering foe huge departure halL 

He said security at 
Heathrow generally was 
“superb”. While it was not 
passible to provide fall protec- 
tion, “every single device one 
can think of has tees em- 
ployed here to ensure that foe 
terminal is secure”. 

The terminal was due to 
open for traffic at 5.40am 
today with the arrival of a 
British Airways flight from 
Dakar in foe Middle East 
The airport's south runway 
was closed for more than seven 
hours last night as a 1,000- 
vehide convoy transferred air- 
craft, staff and equipment half 
a m ?b» from terminals one 

British Airways, which wiO 
use about 90 per cent of tbe 
terminal's capacity, will on- 
ploy 2,000 staff to service 80 
flights daily and about 6JS 
million passengers a year. 

The terminal was opened by 
(he Prince and Princess of 
Wales last week, and is 
Britain's biggest single airport 
development, and will raise 
passenger capacity at 
Heathrow from 30 million to 
38 million a year. 

Other airlines using the 
tor mina I are KLM ami NLM, 
of The Netherlands, and Air 
Malta. All British Airways 
intercontinental flights, in- 
cluding Concorde and flights 
to Paris and Amsterdam, will 
operate from foe terminal. 

.* > *5^4 . V 

-.^.v - 

■' : ' • 

, ; ■. " 



Mr Spicer yesterday 

‘Moderate’ drinking can damage your health 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 
Regular drinkers are to be 
advised to halve their alcohol 
intake because recommended 
“safe limits” are being shown 
to be dangerously high. 

The' warning is aimed at 
drinkers previously consid- 
ered “moderate”, who cause 
most alcohol-related prob- 
lems. a British Medical Asso- 
ciation conference in Oxford 
was told yesterday. 

Those range from minor 
illnesses to wife-beating, child 
abuse, football hooliganism, 
industrial accidents and fetal 
road accidents. Professor Nor- 
man Kreitman said. 

. Office workers, factory staff, 
boardroom executives and 
lawyers are among those who 
drank less than foe established 
safe maximum of 56 units of 
alcohol a week, but who were 
still drinking too much. 

One unit represents a glass 
of wine, half a pint of beer or a 
single measure of spirits. 

A Royal College of Psychia- 
trists report to be published 
this summer will call for the 
limit to be reduced to between 
20 and 30 units. 

“The evidence suggests that 
foe old levels are too high for 
safety and prudence dictates 
bringing them down,” Profes- 
sor Kreitman, director of foe 

Medical Research Council 
unit for studies in psychiatry 
in Edinburgh, said 

“We ought to be persuading 
the whole population to bring 
their drinking levels down. 

“If we persuaded people 
that however much they drink 
they should half it there would 
be a dramatic effect on foe 
total damage to public well- 
being. A ‘drink less' campaign 
should be aimed at moderate 

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Portfolio Gold is ex- 
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Times and readers are ad- 
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copies are ordered at foe 

Attack charge 
PC remanded 

Police Constable Nhendra 
Patel, aged 25, of Fortune 
Green Road, Kilburn. who is 
accused of assault, was further 
remanded on unconditional 
bail until May 28 at Hamp- 
stead Magistrates' Court yes- 
terday . 

PC Patel appeared on a 
summons accused of assault- 
ing Leon Hamilton in Finch- 
ley Road, Hampstead. 

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• Changes made 

.es all round as Bill to 

isabled gets through 


There were cenero illations all 
round as the Disabled Persons 
(Scrvtees. ConidijMon and 
Rc?r«vT.saiion» 3ii! completed 
its remaining stages in the 
ComT.uns in" what" Mr Barney 

Minister for Health, 
Jov.'nbed as a historic day in 
the Jexeiopir.eni of the 
fe-iSIjtr-e structure for the 
provision cf services for 
denied people. 

Tlitf Bill’s sponsor Mr 
Thumbs Clarke iMonklands. 
v. v-st. Lab' w_s cheered when" 
he said it had been an 
incredible ind inspiring few 
momhs ;:ncs be introduced the 
Bill :r cum per. 



•: djr 

ior jvedi 

ciions of 







of ih: 

BE! the 


^ or 



• '■.SKK ,r 


to the 


-.pcisls. were agreed 


ii\ ■? 

c-R in us 



rr .j 

are was 

not lost 



f tine. 

Mr Cicri.c said the result 
v. „ . an e.‘.'v:iiva Fiji in the 

i d million disabled 

v, bile noi as radieai as he 
would have wished, it 
r-evenheicss represented a basis 
tor the future. 

The Government had raised 
t’-e lines;. on cf the resource 
imp 1 re;.; ion s or. 2 number of 
. •eeunons. hut the irsasury 
should re mere, her it was 
rr* sensible n the House and 
noi the other wa; round. It 
sb iu;c nit ir- to thwart the 
libretti •• es ;.f t!:e House. 

Itr Ka- iioe said the 
Ooverr.f.KT.i endorsed the 
rnne.rles enshrined in the Bill. 

1 i.e rr.casi.rc would genuinely 
help improve services for ihe 
cisatVii wiihou; imposing 
infexihi.' and impracticable 
. burdens or. local authorities, 
.hat was what the 
Govern men: had always hoped 
would emerge. 

Whore there were sufficient 
r-. sources the Government 
would bring the provisions into 
CiVce: soon after Royal Assent. 

the House of Lords gave 
the Bill the same skill, 
m-. deration, salience and 
eon s> deration as in the 
Commons there was no reason 
why 5:Ji should not receive 
:>. / Roval Assent and become 

C Earlier durin: the report stage 
o*' ;he L:li. it* sponsor. Mr 
Tltoi.:-* Clarke. said that the 
P?-.. i ju<i before and after a 
disain.d ereid left school was 
critical to his or her future and 
c er n.!o should be available 
a: this traumatic lime. 

He sueccssfa'Ji moved a new 
c'.iiise. which was accepted by 
the Government, to ensure that 
no; later than .tine months 
before the oresumed date on 
v.nich the disabled child was to 
cease full time education from 
a local auihaniy. mat authority 
snoutd inform the appropriate 
.-.‘Heer of the social services 

That cPker should then 
make arrangements for an 

assessment of the needs of the 
disabled child for the provision 
of any statutory services for the 
child within a period of not 
more than six months. 

The proposal would also 
allow similar assessments to be 
made in Scotland. 

Mr Peter Thnmham (Bolton 
North East. O. supporting the 
new clause, asked the 
Government to pay panicuoar 
attention 10 the need to 
prov ide adequate back-up and 
alter care services. If families 
were 10 adopt or foster disabled 
children they needed to know 
this help was available. 

Mr Alfred Mortis. Opposition 
spokesman on the disabled, 
said they supported the new 
clause. There was a need for 
resolve in approaching the Bill, 
he said, to ensure it remained 
as strong and viable as 
possible. The proposed new 
clause was a modest step 

Mr Jack Ashley (Stoke-on- 
Trent South. Lab) said disabled 
children leaving school were 
going 10 be at a critical lime of 
Lhcir lives and assessment of 
their needs was vital. 

Mr Barney Hayhoe said he 
would accept the new clause on 
the basis, dearly, that further 
discussions would be needed. 
He hoped Mr Clarke and his 
advisers would join in the 
mlks. perhaps with local 
authorities. 10 consider the 

The new clause was agreed 

"""prrT* — -.'•:%vxr 

discharge. The Government 
proposal on this matter was 
only a token gesture. His new 
clause would provide for an 
assessment of the needs of the 
discharged person for particular 

Mr Roy Galley (Halifax. C) 
said the Government should 
either accept Mr Clarke’s new 
clause, or a similar one which 
he was proposing for 
consideration in the same 
group, because it was vital for 
menially ill and menially 
handicapped people that 
community policies should 

Mr Lewis Carter-Jones (Eocles, 
Lab) said it would be refined 
cruelty if people who bad been 
treated in hospital for mental 
disorders were discharged 
without their needs being 
assessed in order to help make 
a success of returning them to 
the community. 

Mr Andrew Rowe (Mid Kent, 
Cl said many of the cost 
implications of assessment had 
tended to be exaggerated 
because of a lack of 
imagination in handling such 
matters. It seemed many 
mentally ill patients needed 
regular contact with a caring 
person — someone who did not 
necessarily have to be highly- 

Mr Patrick Thompson 
(Norwich North. C) said an 
excellent series of articles in 

The Times by Marjorie 
Wallace described the problems 
of families with children who 
had become mentally-ill. 

Mr Jack .Ashley said that of 
1S.OOO menially handicapped 
people leaving hospital, more 
than 10.000 had been there for 
more than l wo years. 

You cannot expect them (he 
said) to come out without 
being assessed and given 
resources. That is not, as Mr 
Carter-Jones said, refined 
cruelty, it is unrefined cruelty. 
Mrs Edwina Carrie (South 
Derbyshire.O said the BilL 
with wise amendment, would 
be of considerable assistance to 
disabled people. 

Mr Alfred Morris, supporting 
Mr Clarke's new clause, said 
ministers in successive 
governments had for years 
pressed for assessment of 
patients being considered for 

He had known many cases 
where people had had to be 
swiftly readmitted to hospital 
because there was no 
knowledge by the local 
authority of their discharge 
from hospital. This coukl be 

Clarke: Assessments 
for those in care 
OMr Clarke then moved a new 
clause to require hospitals to 
give an assessment before 
discharging people who had 
received in patient treatment 
for a mental disorder for at 
least six months. 

He said it was not sufficient 
to require hospitals to notify 
the social services about the 

costly as well as inhumane. 

Mr Hayhoe said he would 
certainly not oppose adoption 
of Mr Clarke's new clause. It 
Mowed the basic structure of 
a Government new danse 
which he would, in the 
circumstances, not be moving. 

The clause in the Bill as it 
stood would introduce 
procedures which were 
unneccesarily prescriptive and 
cause problems in practice. Mr 
Clarke's clause would certainly 
avoid some of the 

objectionable features of that in 
the Bill. In particular the 28 
day minimum period for 
notification disappeared, as did 
the formula for adding up 
periods for short-term care in 

Mr Clarice's new clause was 

agreed to. 

•The Government had 
accepted the .strength of view 
expressed during the 
consultation exercise in favour 
of extending the right of 
representation of the disabled 
to health authorities as well as 
local authorities, but there were 
practical difficulties to 
overcome, Mr Hayhoe said in 
moving a new Government 

The new clause, he said, 
would allow local authorities to 
permit the authorised 
representative of a disabled 
person, if requested, to act in 
connexion with the provision 
by the authority of any wdare 

Further, it would allow the 
authorised representative 10 
accompany the disabled person 
to a meeting or interview held 
by on on behalf of the 
authority in connexion with the 
provision of social services. It 
would also ensure that all 
necessary information and 
documents were made 
available to the representative. 

The permission applied only 
when requested by the disabled 
person and a local authority 
could bar a representative from 
any involvement in a particular 
case if it would be harmful to 
the interests of the disabled 

Mr Ashley said it would be 
wrong LO exclude 
representation in the case of 
health services. 

The new clause was agreed to 
and the report stage concluded. 
•The Drainage Rates (Disabled 
Persons) Bill, which restores to 
disabled persons relief from 
drainage rates, passed its 
remaining stages.The Gaming 
(Amendment) Bill was read a 
seocond time. 

Warning on campus violence 

If student unions were unable 
or unwilling to exercise 

Recent events (he said) 
remind us that there are 

responsibility within the present in any society - even 
generally accepted constraints our 0W n - seeds of intolerance 

of a democratic sodety there and intellectual thuggery, 
would be MPs who felt driven which can lake root and 

10 conclude they should no flourish in ugIy,profosion jf not 
longer have access to public weeded out in time. 

funds. Mr George Walden. The minister was responding 

Under Secretary of State for lo Mr John Carlisle (Luton 

Education, warned 

North.C). who suggested that 

Commons adjournment debate where freedom of speech was 

on campus violence. 

denied student unions should 

be open to fines. 

Where students were 
convicted of criminal offences 
they should be expelled from 
the university without any 
further questions asked. 

He recalled that he had 
physically attacked during a 
speaking engagement at 
Bradford University and was 
prevented from speaking at 
Oxford University. 

• y ' fg&Q 

’ WjM K 

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'■* 'H-l I 

‘'I •‘■—T 

Lee House (left), which Is to make way for the new scheme. shown in the model (Photographs: Joha Voos). 

£65m gateway to Barbican planned 

Plans were unveiled yesterday 
to demolish Lee House, a 1960s 
office block at London Wall in the 
City, and replace it, at a cost of 
£65 million, with two new build- 
ings, one of which would span the 
neighbouring dual carriageway 
(Charles Knevitt writes). 

Mr Terry Farrell, the architect 
who has recently presented 
schemes for improving the South 
Bank arts complex and develop- 
ing the area around Charing Cross 
Station, has designed the develop- 
ment for MEPC, the property 
company. It will be known as 
Alban Gate. 

A planning application will be 
submitted soon and negotiations 
will be held with the Corporation 
of the City of London for the “air 
rights” over the road. 

Lee House, buQt in 1964, 
contains 184,000 sq ft of offices. 
The new linked scheme will 
contain 335,000 sq ft of offices, as 
well as shops, restaurants, hous- 
ing a new livery hall, and a 
Barbican tourist and information 

Mr Christopher Benson, vice- 
chairman and managing director 
of MEPC, described Lee House as 
“an ugly and empty building 
which has • outlived its 
usefulness”. It is thought to be the 
first post-war office block in 
London to be totally demolished. 

Alban Gate, at 17 storeys, will 
be about the same height as the 
existing glass-walled “slab” blocks 
near by, and is likely to be clad in 
decorative polished granite 

Mr Farrell’s design will help to 

Fire at 

Court threat over 
Europe air fares 

By a Staff Reporter 

Britain’s best preserved and 
most historic Victorian rail- 
way station was partly de- 
stroyed by fire yesterday, less 
than six months after being 

The fire, started by an 
electrical fault, caused more 
than £100,000 of damage as it 
ripped through Great Malvern 
station in Worcestershire. 

The station was used by Sir 
Edward Elgar, the composer, 
who lived in the town, Bernard 
Shaw, who visited him, aid 
Emperor Haile Selassie of 
Ethiopia, who visited his 
daughters at their boarding 


Mr Martin Watkins, Brit- 
ish Rail’s area commercial 
manager, said: “It is a great 
tragedy this has happened. 
Every conceivable effort will 
be made to restore h again.” i 

By Philip Webster, PoEtical Reporter 

Skin virus 
hits more 

The Government yesterday 
threatened to take its Europe- 
an Community partners and. 
their national airlines to the 
European Court unless they 
agree by the end of the year to 
open up European air routes 
and fares to greater 

In the strongest warning yet 
uttered in the long-running 
battle about the liberalization 
of air services, Mr Michael 
Spicer, Minister for Aviation, ' 
accused EEC governments 

turn to the European Court” j 

The minister, addressing: 
the Royal Aeronautical Soci- { 
ety conference in Manchester, 
said it -was outrageous that 
aviation competition in Eu- 
rope was so severely j 

In the present .negotiations 
the Government is pressing 
for a package covering access 
to the European market, ca- 
pacity and hubs. But it wants 

to go further than the Europe- 
an Commission and push for j 

and their airlines of nutning 
roughshod over die Treaty of 

roughshod over foe Treaty of 

He saidCWe are no longer 
willing to see this continue. It 
flies directly in the face of foe 
basic principles of foe Com- ; 
mon Market Either foe mat- 
ter is resolved this year in foe 
Council of Ministers or there 
will be no option left except to 

an Commission and push for 
so-called ‘‘multiple 
designation A aUowmgmore 
than one' earner from each 
country.*) compete. on routes. 

In that context it is pressure 
fora much expanded network 
of services between the re- 
gions of foe Community, and 
more Jinks from regions to the 
largest capital dries and foe 
“hub” airports. 


Mixed fortunes for two Old Masters 

By Geraldine Norman 

Sale Room Correspondent 

Lord Coke and the trustees 
of foe Holkham estate did not 
emerge from yesterday’s Old 
Master sale at Christie's as 
rich as they had hoped. 

Two great Italian paintings 
collected by his connoisseur 
ancestor, the first Lord Leices- 
ter, in foe early eighteenth 
century, had been sent for sale. 
The grander of foe two was 
Matria Preti's “Adoration of 
the Magi” Christie’s had ex- 
pected a price of about 
£500,000, but it was bought in 
at £380,000. 

The painting was surface 
cleaned before it was sent to 

an exhibition in Washington 
in 1983 and this had shown 
some damage. If it had been in 
what is known as “English 
country house condition” - 
covered with a dirty yellow 
varnish - it would probably 
have found a buyer - more 

Tbe second Holkham pic- 
ture was a very rare sixteenth- 
century Mannerist work, “The 
Madonna and Child with 
Saints Helen and Francis” by 
Amico Aspertuu, which sold 
for £345,600. Christie’s had 
been talking of £300,000. Ital- 
ian Mannerism, with its elabo- 
rate distortions made for 
decorative effect, is very much 

in vogue and this was a fine 

The Tale Gallery acquired a 
view of Pontefract ■ castle, 
where Richard II was mur- 
dered, which originally be- 
longed to foe collection of 
Charles L It is one of iset oflO 
views of royal residences com- 
missioned by Charles I from 
foe Flemish landscapist, Alex- 
ander Krerincx. It cost foe 

gallery £16,200 (estimate 

£8,000-£1 2,000). ’ . ' 

The sale was very erratic. 
Many good pictures attracted 
no interest and were left 
unsold. A stormy marine 
painting by • Ludolf 
Backhuyzen, “The River Ij at 

Science Report 

Daisy, a sea creature 
with 10 sex organs 


MounUdy courses (80 hra) throughout tbe year at all 
levels. Course + accomodation £430 
History trf Ait Comes .. 

I >.! J j l! - 1"I I M; I • I ! \1 

From a Special Correspondent, Wellington 

What creature has no stem- specialist ia starfish; and Dr 
ach, stores food in its feet and Frank Rowe, of the Australian 
has 10 sexual organs? Museum in Sydney. 

Tobuilcwng society 


The answer, according to 
Australian and New Zealand 
scientists, is foe “Sea Daisy”, 
a bizarre form of marine life 
which has been discovered 
living in waterlogged wood 
deep under the ocean. 

It is classed by foe scientists 
as an echinoderm, one of the 
family which includes starfish, 
sea eggs, brittle stars and sea 
cue umbers. Until now it had 
been assumed that all classes 
of echinoderm had been 

Dr Baker gave a preview of 
foe find, to New Zealand 
scientists at a joint meeting in 
Wellington of the Royal Soci- 
ety and the Victoria University 
zoology department. 

Round and wafer-like, mea- 
suring between two 
millimetres and nine 
millimetres across, sea daisies 
are nn usual because of their, 
circular shape. Their, scientific 
name, which will not be used 
until printed in Noam, dwells 
on tbeir romtdness. 



V-’* ■ ^ -:v. 

But a scientific paper an- 
nouncing foe discovery has 
been accepted by the journal 
Nature, one of its authors has 

The Sea Daisy, named after 
its daisy-like shape, stores 
food in its feet, has no stomach 
and lives in a soup of bacteria 
in (lie boles of wood, lying 
1,000 metres (3,000 feet) un- 
der the sea. 

Dr Baker said that —wwi 
all other ech modems, foe sea 
daisy's tube feet were in one 
complete ring round the lower 
edge of the body. He said fids 
biological world and was ap- 
parently used to store food in 
place of a stomach. 

W k your t^mjstmvestment coo restricted? ‘ 

Marine soldy ro the UKi The Arbucbnot International Rind 
otters a murfi nrnare fl«Qble global spread of risk.' ' 

For your money’s sake, cut the coupon. “ 

Much of foe underneath of 
the animal is taken up with 10 
gonads, or sexual organs. 

Tbe paper’s authors are Dr 
Alan Baker, the New Zealand 
National Museum’s assistant 
director: Dr Helen Batman, a 
research associate, who is a 

A thin membrane stretches 
across tbe underneath of its 
body, like plastic film across 
an upside-down saucer. This is 
lined with food-absorbhq* cells 
like those found on stomach 

Dr Baker said soch a feed- 
ing method was known only in 
very primitive creatures such 
as microscopic amoeba. „ 


I . Fleas* *ftd Mem Ait> 

\ Mj£ 

- -if 

is* 1 * 

lib' 1 ' 

rescue what is generally regarded 7 
as one of tbe most disastrous 
examples of post-war architecture 
and p fenning in London, by 
creating a truly urban setting for 
people using, or living near, the 
offices. The scheme will also 
reinforce the link between the 
City and the Barbican. 

He suggested that i4dban Gate 
would be a new entrance to ihe 
Barbican, and the location of an 
information office within . the 
scheme would help people tojind 
their way around tire complex. 

An exhibition explaining the 
proposals opens at Lee House, 
MonkweU Square, Gty of Lon- . 
don, on Monday, and doses on 
Friday, April 18. It will Tre open 
from noon to 2pm and -5pm to 

- Three more people in Not- 
tinghamshire hospitals have 
been affected by foe skin 
vims. MR5A, bringing the 
total to 24, nineof whom have 
died. • 

The virus first affected } 
Nottin gham' s Queens Medi- 
cal CCntre. the Mausfidd Gen- 
eral and foe Victoria Hospital 

As a result, a Mansfield 
general ho^ital ward has been 
shut and patients with the 
virus have been transferred to 

Kings.Mifl. Hospital, near by. 
Patients aifoe Victoria Homi- 

Patients ai the Victoria Hospi- 
tal have been put in isolation. 
The Queens Medical Centre 
has rid itself of the virus. 

Dr Alan Monsley, foe Not- 
tinghamshire district medical 
officer, -emphasized that 

MRSA, was not solely respon- 
sible for the deaths. 

Amsterdam", sold for 
£183,600 against an estimate 
of £60,000£80,00a In con- 
trast, a busy and colourful 
-marine by Willem van de 
Velde the Younger, “A Dutch 
States yacht under sail”, was 
left unsold at £160,000 (esti- 
mate £2OO,OOO-£3GO,OQ0). 

A Chardin still life, which 
was sold off by the Metropoli- 
tan Museum, New York, in 
1973 under foe nnpressioa that 
it was' a replica was . subse- 
quently restored to foe artist's 
oeuyre by scholars, but ft 
feiled to sell at £85,000 (esti- 
mate £KXl,000-£ 1 50,000). 

• . The sale totalled:£2,774,000 
with 42 per cent unsold. 


••■■■ • 1 

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' 6 ,• 

President Reagan raises the stakes on two world fronts 

jPS/s* ; : 

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ies are 
rned of a 
strike on 



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. J j -Sunday- . 

quences, argu 

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- From Robert Fisk, Beirut 

Western embassies in the w Beirut suggested yesterday 
Arab wo rid have 1 been told that' the- Americans were nn- 
: thata United States strike- consciously Cer-4 although - in. 

: against Libya might come hoe some - cases; deliberately — 

: tonight or before dawn on p repar in g ffiefrpeoptefqr a 
: Sunday- . militey ■ adventure. 

The Egyptians are partita- Colonel Gadaffi, 
larly fearful of the' cohse- “Striking at Gad^ will 
quences, arguing publicly that solve nothing,” he sakL“The 
a grave political- error by Israelis are encouraging die 
Washington could have ideal- Americans to 46 that because 
culable effects in Cairo' and it serves their ends. Bntdoyou 
oiho- Arab capitals. As Egypt’s think that another, attack on 
former Ambassador toCaWLib^wiRstijp desperatepeo- - 
da pal it at a- lecture 1 in pfe hijacking planes and plant- 
Oklahoma on- Thursday: mg' bombs? When the 
“While the United Stales has American's deal ' even- ■■ 
interests in - the Middle East, handedly with the Middle •• 
we itvem the Middle East and East, these problems will all , 
our future Ufe is dependent on~ end.” 
these policies. You canaffcrd There fay in truth, a-mutoal 
one operation that fails and incomprehension between Ar- 
yoo leave.' But we stay; we are abs and Americans that the 
stuck.” US-Libyan.confiontaiioD.ia 

What the pro-Western Arab already accentuating. While 
-states — Egypt, Jordan and Americans ccmdemn what' 
most of the Gulf states — they regard as pn>Paiestmian 
particularly fear is a repeal - or pro-Ubyan terrorism, Ar- 
performance of. the sort of abs rondemn what they see as 
rai stakes Washington made in pro-Israelrterrorism. 

Lebanon between 1982 and If the Jdliings of20 innocent 
1984; that sheer' ignorance of Westerners at Rome mid Vi- 
the political conditions of the mm airports were the acts of 
Arab world win precipitate a pre-Libyan ’ “Terrorists”, they 
catastrophe from which net- ask; why dp the Americans not 
iher Mr Reagan nor the Arabs accept that the kiffings- of 
themselves could walk away hundreds of equally innocent 
as easilyas they did from the Palestinians at Sabra and 
debacle in Beirut - Cbatila camps were acts of 

A respected Arab academic pro-Israeli “terrorists”? : 

Democrats vent 
anger at latest 
Nevada test blast 

From Mohsin Alt, Washington 

I'-.- ‘ v * •**•'*- 

. *V 

Leading congressional 
Democrats in the United 
States have angrily criticized 
Thursday's underground nu- 
clear explosion in the Nevada 

Senator Edward Kennedy 
said the Administration was 
squandering one of the best 
opportunities in years to 
achieve a comprehensive test 
ban treaty. 

Representative Edward 
Markey said: “This may be 
one small bomb in the desert 
but it's a big bomb for arms 

Greenpeace, the interna- 
tional anti-nuclear organiza- 
tion. declared: “The rever- 
berations from this blast will 
be fell around the world for 
many years to come.” This act 
showed the true hypocrisy of 
President Reagan's stand on 
arms control. 

The House of Representa- 
tives Rules Committee agreed 
late on Thursday to permit a 
full vote on legislation that 
would ban further US nuclear 
weapons testing until the Pres- 
ident certified to Congress 
that the Soviet Union had 
resumed such testing. 

Meanwhile, Moscow's an- 
nouncement that it is ending 
its eight-month moratorium 
on nuclear tests came as no 
surprise to Administration . 

The Soviet Union has made 
dear in recent days that it 
would be free to resume its 
own testing programme once 
the US carried out another 
underground nuclear blast. 

The Reagan Administration 
has said it will continue its 
programme because it is es- 
sential to test the reliability of 
modern nuclear weaponry. 

President Reagan has insist- 
ed that there must be adequate 
verification for any compre- 
hensive test ban treaty with | 
the Soviet Union. 

He has invited Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov to send experts to 
the Nevada test site to observe 
new American detection sys- 
tems. but the Soviet leader has 
turned the offer down. 

The 1963 partial nuclear 
test ban treaty prohibits tests 
in the atmosphere, outer space 
and under water, where there 
is danger of radioactive 
polution. But it does not ban 
underground blasts. 

- ' —4 .. ** . 7 

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The interior of the TWA jet hit by a mid-ak terrorist explosion over Greece in which four 
fives woe lost Athens technicians are repairing the 10ft by 3ft hole in its fuselage. 

ioIogy to beat airline terror 

From Marfa Modfano 

Western governments are 
,. accelerating research into se- 
entity equipment tint can 
. outsmart terrorists by detect- 
ing metal-free exptarives of 
the type befieved to have been 
used in the blast that killed 
fonr passengers . of a TWA 
' jetliner over Greece. 

This was disclosed to The 
Times by Mr Rodney WalDs* 
• dud 1 of security far the inter- 
national Air Transport Asso- 
1 riation (lata), who has jn$t 
bee* visitira^what be de- 
scribed as ӣ0e tieir Bermuda 
triangle” - Caito, Athens, 

Traffic in 

Rio de Janeiro (Renter) — 
Police believe an international 
ring is involved in baby 
trafficking after two p3od 
attempts to adopt BraKSan 
infants illegally, a federal po- 
. lice spokesmairsaid yesterday. 

On Thursday police in the 
north-eastern state of Afagaas 
intervened in the case of a; 
~ four-month-old baby boywho 
was to be delivered to a couple 
’■ in Italy, the spokesman said. 

Last month, police recov- 
. ered a 20-day-old bey who was 
- to go to Israel alter being 
_ "adopted” by an Israeli couple 
who marie a stopover in New 
-• York Cftyl-US immigration 
: officials discovered the baby’s 
' passport had been forged. 
y ‘ Brazilian police have been 
‘ trying to identify his red 
mother and arrest an Axgen- 
tine suspected of having been 
paid $7,000 (£4,700) by the 
. Israeli couple. 

“We think the case in 
Alagoas, had no. connection 
with last month's, but we 
believe an international gang 
is involved with baby traffick- 
ing in Brazil,” the spokesman 
raid. He dedmed to elaborate. 

Adoption by foreign fem-: 
' flies is legal -in Brazil if r a 
. . qualified judge approves of 
the arrangement and federal 
-■ pobce issue a passport for the 
V. youngster, a Justice Ministry 
;* spokesman said. 

Man in dock 
shot by 
victim’s father 

11 San Francisco (Reuter) - 
■ The father of a murder victim 
” leaned over a courtroom rafl- 
■■ ing yesterday, yelled “you 
1 miserable ...” and shot and 
‘ seriously wounded the man on 
1 trial for his daughter's murder. 

Police said that. Daniel Mor- 
gan. in court for a pre-trial 


- when Mr Jack Spiegelman 
‘t opened fhe. . 

Mr Spiegelman, of Los An- 
fi&les, had been sating in the 
of the spwator 
SSoni behind the defence 

said he >elkd some; 



: : 

Park with 2 black {timid- . 

Prosecutors said her murder 
. .. was radrilv motivated,. 

Rome — to obtsm first-hand 
informatkm and offer govern- 
ments late’s supp o r t. 

“Whenever there » an inci- 
dent of this kind we always try 
to see tf there is something new 
tobeleariiti w heerid,* c Weve 
cdB S te w riy Teviewing general 
procedures in Jme with the 
activities'of those ohamah. 
We haveto mm to m^BtaiB oar 
position.” "" 

Wfr Waflis ffid idtt; believe 
that m the case of the TWA 
attack ^ anything new had ^heea 
invented by the terrorists. 
However, there were certain 
. explosh^ which had iw iiK^Bl . 

components so they oosti' not 

be . identified by metal detect 
tors. Equipment to overcome 
thfe werimess had already 
been developed. ' 

“One is a vapom detectm- — 
a mechanical sniffer, yon 
might say — that can detect the 
explosive from its smeQ,” he 
said. The machine was already 
in use m Canada although 
research was stiB eoatiiiaing. 
The other method, called 
“thermoaeatroa activation”. 
Involved the exposure of lag- 
gage or cargo to a bombanf- 
mnitof neufrons. If explosive 
material was present, A chemi- 
cal reaction was provoked. 

Working models id this 

equipment had been developed 
in the US hot were not yet 
available for general ase. Bat 
testing and production were 
bow being accelerated, he said. 
“Governments are spending a 
great deal of money In a very 
Higent way to develop such 

Mr Wallis was speaking at 
the condashm of his Athens 
visit daring which he met 
Greek Govenuneut officials 
and inspected the crippled 
TWA Boring 727 now aider 
repair here. 

There had been rnmoors 
about a lapse of security at 
Cairo airport m the TWA case 

but Mr Walfis said he had no 
evidence of this, although his 
caiTe n t mission was not to 
inspect airport security. “They 
are applying the international 
standards laid down by the 
International Civil Aviation 
Organization, just like Ath- 
ens. This means a double 
security check. In that respect 
they are doing more than the 
minimum required of them.” 

Mr Wallis refused to com- 
ment on a proposal put before 
the International Federation 
of Airline Pilots Associations’ 
meeting in London for a 
boycott of countries harbour- . 
mg terrorists. 

Full Weinberger text 
leaked to magazine 

By Rodney Cowton, Defence Correspondent 

The full text of a memoran- positions that take account of 
dim from Mr Caspar Wein- the verification and compii- 
berger, the US Defence ance problems we have faced 
Seaetary, to President Rea- in connection with existing 
E«n, which caused embarrass- treaties. Bui these steps, how- 
mem shortly before last ever sensible, cannot impose a 
November's summit with Mr substantial cost on the Soviet 
M ikhail Gorbachov, the Sovi- Union for its violations; even 
et leader, because of the hard more important, they have 
line it advocated, has now not negated the special mili- 

been leaked is the maga/hy* tajy advantages the Soviets 
Encounter. have created for themselves 

Encounter. have created for themselves 

Extracts were leaked in the through their violations. 
American press, but this is “A failure on the part of the 
thought to be the first time United Stales to respond 
that the full text has become strongly to the Soviet Union's 

.. . , , . 1- _ o , 

Uefa scorn 
at Heysel 
cup final 

Zurich (Reuter) — The Eu- 
ropean Football Union (Uefa) 
has attacked Belgian security 
forces for being partly to 
blame for the tragedy before 
the European Cup Final at the 
Heysel stadium in Brussels 
which claimed 39 lives. 

A report, to be presented by 
the Uefa general secretary, 
Herr Hans Bangerter, to a 
Uefa congress in Portugal, 
says: “The English vandals 
would never have been able to 
perform such terrible deeds 
and create such misery if they 
had not been helped by the 
frightful incompetence of the 
Belgian security forces." 

English clubs were banned 
indefinitely from Uefa match- 
es after the violence at the 
final between Liverpool and 
Juventus last May. 

Feeling the 
pinch ... 

Hong Kong (Reuter) — 
Cheung Yun-fuk. aged 33, 
blamed his uncontrollable 
right thumb for repealed inde- 
cent assaults on women. It was 
not his fault that it pinched a 
woman's bottom as he helped 
her out of 3 taxi on Si 
Valentine's Day. 

The magistrate was not 
impressed. He jailed Cheung 
for nine months after hearing 
that he pinched the same 
woman in the same place a 
month later and had six 
previous convictions for the 
same offence. 

Space ‘victim’ 

Washington (AP) — A fish- 
erman claims that a 20ft piece 
of metal fell from the sky, 
killed his 24-year-old son and 
sank their boat 37 minutes 
after the space shuttle Chal- 
lenger exploded in January. 
The 52-year-old Brazilian is 
asking Nasa for $21 million 
(about £14.5 million) in dam- 
ages. The space agency denies 
the claim. 

their violations. _ French flTSt 

available publicly. 

In il, Mr Weinbwger warns 
the President of the advan- 
tages which the Soviet Union 
has gained from breaching 
existing international agree- 

He says r*In our current 
negotiations with the Soviets, 
we have worked to devise 

policy of treaty violation 
would damage our interests in 
various ways. It would signal 
the kind of uncertain^ and 
political weakness that invites 
adversaries to put one further 
to the test, and it could be 
taken as recantation of our 
findings of violation, thereby 
undermining our credibility.” 

Paris (AP) — Doctors here 
have implanted the first artifi- 
cial heart in France in a 25- 
year-old man. 

Judge on trial 

Essen (Reuter) - A West 
German judge from Dort- 
mund who shot and paralysed 
a suspected burglar in his 
garden went on trial charged 
with attempted manslaughter. 

Lebanese kidnappers seize Irish 
teacher after Frenchman escapes 

from Our Own Correspondent Beirut 

Lebanese' kidnappers lost 
one of their captives but 
probably, gained another 

. Only hours after M Michel 
Brian was freed during a 
dramatic gnn battle in the 
Bekaa Valley; the American 
University in Beirut repotted 
the disappearance off Mr Brian 

Mr Keenan, bom in Belfast 
and aged 35, is a lecturer in 
English at the college. 

As an Irishman — Northern 
Ireland citizens are entitled to 
hold Republic of Ireland pass- 
. ports — he is unlikely to be of 
much use to the kidnappers. 
There are no Arabs impris- 
oned in Ireland whose release 
could be demanded in return 
for his, and the: fast tone an 
Irish . citizen — Mr Aidan 
Walsh, -an official of the 
United Nations Relief and 
Works Agency-: was abduct- 
ed in Beirut, he was fregd 
when his captors discovered 
. his nationality. ' 

M Brian, the French school 
teacher abducted in West 
Beirut on Tuesday, owes. his 
escape to freedom in theearfy 

hours of yesterday to a group 
of rabbit hunters from the 
local Dendash family in the 
Bekaa Valley. 

Safely in the hands ofSyrian 
Army officers after his three- 
day ordeal, M Brian described 
how the- hunters saw him 

Mr Keenan: Left for work 
but failed to show up. 

sitting in a parked car,. Wind- 
folded and with his bands tied 
behind his back. 

The kidnappers began 
shooting at the hunters but the 

Reagan’s Belize envoy 
rejected in Senate 

..Washington — The Senate 
foreign relations committee, 
in a rare move^. has rejected 
President- Reagan’s, nomina- 
tion of Mr Janies Malone as 
ambassador to Belize (Mohsin 
AR writes). ' 

Democratic senators aDeged 
that Mr Malone had falsely 
testified to the committee in 

The committee defeated Mr 
Malone’s nomination by nine 
votes to . seven, land then 
narrowly rgected .a ' moye by 

Senator Jesse Helms, a North 
Carolina conservative Repub- 
lican, to give Mr Malone a 
second chance by forcing a 
debate in the foil Senate. 

Observers said it was the 
first lime this century that the 
powerful foreign relations 
committee had rejected a pres- 
idential. nomination for. 

Mr Malone was Assistant 
.Secretary of State for oceans 
and international environ- 
mental and scientific affairs 
during 1981-85. 

Dendashis, who had, rather 
unconventionally, taken Sovi- 
et-made automatic weapons 
on their hunting mission, fired 
back and so frightened the 
gunmen that they pushed M 
Brian from their vehicle and 
drove away. 

If bis release had about it an 
dement of farce, there was, 
however, nothing humorous 
about his account of the 
kidnapping. “From the time I 
was kidnapped, I did not see 
any faces,” he said. 

“ I was walking near a 
florist shop on Makdissi Street 
off Hamra. A gunman with a 
thick black beard came up to 
me and said in English: 'Don’t 
talk. Don’t scream.' Then be 
pushed me into the trunk of a 
Renault car. We drove for 
about 1 V 2 hours then we 
- stopped. They pot me in the 
trunk of another car, a bigger 
car, and we drove for about an 

M Brian was delighted to 
meet his rescuers. When told 
they were on a rabbit hunting 
expedition in the early hours, 
be said he replied: “Well, 
you’ve got some rabbit”. 

Tight suits 
give women 
little space 

Zvezdny Gorodok, Soviet 
Union (Reuter) — Moscow 
will not send women cosmo- j 
nauts on long missions to its 
orbiting stations until facili- 
ties for space travel are more 
advanced, Mr Grigory 
Beregovoy, deputy bead of the 
cosmonauts' training pro- 
gramme, said yesterday. He ! 
said - Soviet research had 
shown that women were likely I 
to experience blood problems 1 
in space caused by wearing ' 
tight, vacuum-sealed 
spacesuits. I 

Peres sorts out the reshuffle 

From David Bernstein, Jerusalem 

Mr Shimon Peres, the Israe- 
li Prime Minister, yesterday 
met Mr'Yhzhak.Shaaur, lead- 
er of the Ukod party, . to 
finalize details of the Cabinet 
reshuffle (hat defaced die crisis 
threatening to bring down the 

national unity ^ Government 

IaW ' ministers late ' on 
Thinsdiiy.epdbrsed areshHffie 
that movesjhe Fmance Minis- 
ter, Mr yitihak Modal, to the 
. Forekn Mmitoy ; in place iff 
Mr Shamte. and allots " Mr 
Fmance . portfoBo 
mgH be replaces Mr Peres as 
Prime Minister 'in' October hi 

the rotation within the 


. ft remained unclear yester- 
day precisely what would hap- 
pen in October, altfaot^b ft was 
understood that Finance wonld 
no o r amsten ces revert 
to Mr Modai, whom Mr Peres 
demanded should be replaced 
when he attacked the Prime 
Minister sod government eco- 
nomic policies last weekend. 

Mr Peres has made it known 
that he would Eke to take over 
Finance so that he can continue 
to play, a, key rote- in Israel's 
economic recovery. Under the 
prfaraa) naBtipn agreement. 

Mr Peres was to become 
Foreign Minister after the 

The reshofile agreement has 
grossed considerable anger In 
Likad, mostly in Mr Modal's 
libera! wing, which is not 
happy about losing the power- 
fnl Finance portfolio. 

The liberals are meeting i 
tonight to dtsenss the position 
they mil take when the agree- 
ment comes before the Cabinet 
for approval tomorrow. 

On Wednesday the fail of 
the Government seemed un- 




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Vadim’s Loves part 2: 
Catherine Deneuve 

Cricket: Shambles in the Caribbean 

Britain’s brand new car plant: 
Behind the lines at Nissan 

Norman St John Stevas: 
Bagehot completed 

Plus: Five pages of weekend sport 

Sunday isn’t Sunday without the 
Sunday Times 

r* ererrt I a < r-t> O » rttQiS^R'H 




Zia told violence is not the only option 

Bhutto stands firm on 
peaceful transition 
to power in Pakistan 

From Michael Hamlyn, Lahore 

Miss Benazir Bhutto, glow- 
ing after the emotional em- 
brace of the hundreds of 
lhousands of supporters after 
her return to Pakistan, yester- 
day gave notice to President 
Zia's Government that it 
could be replaced without 
resort to violence. 

"Yesterday we could have 
brought " down this, 
govern menu" she said. “Yes-' 
icniay. if it was our intention 
to have violence, if it was our 
intention to have had a 
change-over with bloodshed, 
if it was our intention to have 
a change-over with the burn- 
ing of property and with the 
loss of lives, we could have 
done that. 

“We could have taken pow- 
er yesterdav in Pakistan, but 
the price would have been too 

Addressing a chaotic and 
crowded press conference — 
which both the foreign and 
local press threatened to boy- 
cott because of the conditions 
under which it was held — 
Miss Bhutto made it clear that 
her emphasis on the peaceful 
translation of herself to power 
was not the unanimous view 
of her friends. 

“There are many friends 
who tell me.” she said, “that 
Mr Junejo (the Prime Minis- 
ter) is a facade for martial law. 
and that my strategy is 
wrong." But she insisted, she 
was taking him at his word 
and seeking a political con- 
frontation with him. 

She said she was also pre- 
pared to cooperate with Mr 
Junejo's Government on elec- 
tions. “because there is a 
civilian administration there 
at the moment”. 

Miss Bhutto added:“Tbat 
civilian administration can be 
used in the national interest as 
a stepping stone for the resto- 
ration of full democracy in the 

She urged that the Govern- 
ment. if it was truly democrat- 
ic. bow to the will of the 
people and hold immediate 
elections. But she indicated 
that it would not be possible to 
cooperate with President Zia. 

“If he goes gracefully, that 
would be the best thing.” she 
said, indicating that it was not 
possible to guarantee that she 
would not take revenge 
against him for the execution 
of her father. 

“I cannot tell you in black 
and white the answers you 
seek from me.” she told a 
questioner, adding that much 
depended on the peaceful and 
graceful transition of power. 

Speaking about her policies 
should the Pakistan People's 
Party — of which she is the 
acting chairman and undoubt- 
ed leader — come to power, 
she made evident a strongly 
populist strain in her domestic 
plans, promising land to the 
landless, employment to the 
sons of subsistence farmers, 
and relief from water tax for 
the formers themselves, as 
well as a minimum wage of 
1. 000 rupees (about £5u) a 

She accused Mr Junejo — 
who, on the eve of her arrival, 
prom ised free housing for 
squatters and land for 
housebuilding for the urban 
poor — of offering too little 
and too late. 

On foreign policy, she of- 
fered friendship with all coun- 
tries, but reserved the right to 
speak out against human 
rights violations because Paki- 
stan had suffered from human 
rights abuse. 

Wine makers from Italy's Lazio region hold a public tasting in a ted to offset the effects of the wine contamination scandal 

US embargoes untested Italian wine 

From Moshin AH 

The US Is to stop importing 
I talian wine that has not been 
tested and certified as being 
Tree of methanol contamina- 
tion which has caused at least 
18 deaths in Italy. 

The embargo has been de- 
signed mainly to stop any 
I talian wine shipped before 
Italy baited exports after the 
deaths and began testing the 
prodace for methanol. 

The Treasury Department's 
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco 
and Firearms said the action 
was a precautionary one and 
that no methanol had been 

frond in Italian wine in the 
US. Italy ships an average of 
73 million gallons of wine to 
the US annually. 

Methanol, or wood alcohol, 
has been added by some 
prodBcera to strengthen die 
akhotk content of their wines. 
• ROME: Tests have shown 
that more than 300 labels of 
Italian wine contained traces 
of potentially deadly metha- 
nol, the Health Ministry said 
yesterday (AP reports). 

Ia a statement, the ministry 
said tests had beat conducted 
on wine made or bottled by 
20,466 different producers and 
300 of them contained more 

titan the legal dose of metha- 
noL It did not name the 300. 

A previous danger list is- 
sued by the Agriculture Minis- 
try named only 60 wines, most 
of them prod need in northern 

The annoflneement came a 
day after the Cabinet approved 
a series of toogh new measures 
to protect consumers from 
being poisoned. 

The measures provide for 
the temporary, or permanent 
revocation — a minimum of 
five years — of prod action and 
selling licences, as well as the 
confiscation of profits and the 
seizure of equipment 

The gover nm ent will in- 
crease the num ber of agents in 
its Anti-Adulteration Squad 
from 367 to 800, before the end 
of the year. Loral officials will 
be given more authority to take 
action against suspected of- 
fenders and will be able to 
dose down production before 
criminal proceedings are 

In addition, 30 bilfion fire 
(about £1 33 million) wiB be 
sprat on modernizing and 
expanding laboratory 
facilities. Rome has also 
a^eed to compensate all for- 
eign buyers and consumers of 
tainted wine. 




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Four black members of the 
South African Defence Fence 
(SADF) have appeared , in 
court in the JLebowa tribal 
“homeland” in the north- 
eastern Transvaal charged 
with' the murder of six black 
youths killed oa March 28 
when a .hand grenade was 
thrown into a shebeen. 

The four men, whose names 
have not been revealed, ap- 
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^> 5 ^ Peace haveri % '^JP^\ 

m^istrate's court on Wednes- 
.day, it was bdatedly con- 
firmed yesterday by SADF 
headquarters in Pretoria. The 
proceedings were conducted 
in camera, and the. accused 
were' remanded until April 23. 

Only a day after the bearing 
two grenade attacks occurred 
in Mankweflg, also in Lebowa, 
in which a leading local anti- 
apartheid activist. Mire Joyce 
Mabudafosi, and Mr Ernest 
Mokaba, who- - lived' in a 
wooden hut not for away, were 
seriously injured. . 

Mrs Mabudafosi is foe sec- 
retary of the Northern Trans- 
vaal branch of foe United 
Democratic Front (UDF), 
which shares the political aims 
of the outlawed African Na- 
tional Congress (ANQ, and is 
also an executive member of 
the National Education Crisis 
Committee. Mr Mokaba is the 
brother of Mr Peter Mokaba, a 
regional executive member of 
the UDF and a former deni- 
zen of Robben Island, the 
Alcatraz-style jail in Table 

The latest events in Lebowa 
have reinforced foe suspicions 
of many local residents , that 
members of the Lebowa po- 
lice, aided by SADF members, 
are operating covert “death 
squads” which are alleged to 
have been behind grenade 
attacks on anti-apartheid cam- 

Tribal row 

From Jan Raath 

pajgners and their families. 
The vi( 



igton Westham 
Jevinjjpon ^ 

West dean 


.East dean 

•_ Bexhill M 

violence in Lebowa and 
foe neighbouring “homeland” 
of Bop h u ihatswana, is symp- 
tomatic of the way in which 
unrest has spread in recent 
months to previously tranquil 
tribal reserves 

Mr Ushewokunze: Victim 
of ‘grand strategy” 

downfall. They were planni ng 
to “pounce on me and kill 

Dr Eddison Zvobgo, the 
Justice Minister and a power- 
ful figure from the Karanga 
area, appealed to Mr Mugabe 
in the Chamber, speaking in 
Shona and English: “It is now 
all in the open. You cahnot 
allow your minister to contin- 
ue like this. I am that 

Mugabe was present 
through much of the pariia- 
mentary debate but did not 
take pah. 

Russians are expected 
to halve grain imports 

Beachy Head 

Cathay Pacific fly to Hong Kong from your doorstep. 


f you live within forty’ miles of Gatwick airport, think of your living room as our departure lounge. 

Because, when you fly business class or 1st class with Cathay Pacific, we 11 send a chauffeur driven limousine to your home 

to collect vou. 

Washington (Reuter) -The 
Soviet Union is expected to 
cut its grain imports by almost 
half this year. One reason may 
be foe sharp drop in world ou 
prices, which has reduced the 
amount of foreign exchange 
available for imports, the US 
Agriculture Department said. 

In a report on foe Soviet 
grain crop, the US agency 
estimated that the Soviet 
Union will buy only 31 mil- 
lion metric tonnes of grain 
from ap sources this year, 
from 55 - 5 million in 
1985, and the lowest figure 
since 1979. 

The department said that 
reduced revenue from oil 
exports, a major source of 

The 1985 Soviet grain crop 
was an estimated 190 million 
formes, somewhat better than 
in 1984. Mild winter weather 
reduced foe need for livestock 
grain, and grain stocks appear 

to have been rebuilt ia the last 

two years. 

The department said that 
Soviet grain buyers may be 
waiting until later this year, 
hoping that world prices wfll 
be even lower because of the 
grain glut 

The Soviet Union has 
bought only six. million metric 
tonnes of com this year, a 
third of last year’s purchase. 
The only recent sign of Soviet 
activity in foe 

This way we can ensure that you not only arrive in better shape. You'll depan in better shape too. 

foreign exchangefor the P** 

et Union, may have forced foe buying of 

MO— - ^ 

Punjab police fire back 

For full details of our limousine sen-ice to and from Gatwick airport see your travel agent or call us on 01-930 7878 


LinkLine 0345 581581. 

-Arrive in better shape- 


The Swire Group 89 JBBKB 

Jullundur (Reuter) - At 
jeast 1 1 people were shot dead 
nr dashes between police and 
Sikh extremists after Punjab’s 
police chief vowed lo match 
gunmen bullet for bullet. 

“If foe terrorists are making 
their hit lists and hit squads 
wt will retaliate with our own 
hit lists and hit squads ” Mr 
Julio Ribeiro 5din S* 
Punjab town of Batala on 
Thursday. Extremists would 
be matched “bullet for bullet” 

Mr Dlhoirn „. nl 

“fitJ^LL 30 Uvs “ 

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I * 



If . 

* »■ 

Long-snnmering tribal con- 
flict within the rating Zsnu 
(PF) party boiled over this 
week in Zimbabwe's House of 
Assembly as a likely successor 
to Mr 'Robert Mugabe as 
Prime Minister fought for his 
political fife. 

Dr Herbert Ushewokunze, 
the Transport Minister and 
foe party's national political 
commissar, became its fus 
member to. expose foe divi- 
sion publicly, in a defence 
ag eing allegations of misman- 
agement and links" with 

Hie House was incredulous 
when foe highly articulate Dr 

Usbewokunze brought up the 

issue of tribalism, under Mr 
Mugabe it has become a 
subject to be avoided at all 

The conflict between the 
Zezuru-speakmg group from 
foe north-east and foe power- 
ful Karanga-speakers of foe 
south is seen as foe most 
serious threat to foe party's 
strength and unity since be- 
fore independence in 1980. 

It was expected to continue 
with increased bitterness out 
of foe public eye at a meeting 
of foe party's 90-member Cen- 
tral Committee at Mr 
Mugabe's official residence. 

Dr Usbevrokunze was ac- 
cused in a report tabled last 
week by Parliament's Public 
Accounts Committee of run- 
ning his Mini ary. lire national 
railways,- and Air Zimbabwe 
as he pleased. He was blamed 
for putting relatives and 
friends in jobs, instituting 
anti-white campaigns and giv- 
ing a less- than -satisfactory ac- 
count of his links with the 
fraudulent sale of railway 

Hts five-hour defence on 
Wednesday and Thursday in- 
duded attacks of unprecedent- 
ed venom on accounts, com- 
mittee members, the Auditor- 
General, MPs and railways 
officials, chiefly. whites. 

He said the committee's 
attack ;represented"*foe foin 
edge of foe wedge of a grand 
strategy by a given region of 
Zimbabwe 'Much prides itself 
on being the chosen tribal 
grouping of Ibis' coun try”. 
..Without naming the 
Karapgas, he said they had 
seen him as a “spanner in foe 
works in their jockeying ' for 
tribal political control” and 
had constantly plotted his 

,J5- Iice shot dead four ex- 
jrem^ on Thursday as (hey 

ihfoi?- in ^ trate 30 are a near 
the Pakistan border known as 
a militant stronghold. 

killed incid «n foev 

wiled three extremists - 

in a 

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Mr David 
Zealand’s Prune 

yesiealayj floated the-prospect 

of two 

secret service 

From RkWdXimg^WelliH^DO 

New -ously -expressed aTwOBagnesa 
to release the agents to France 
if then*. wflsa guarantee they 


would serve .'out 'their sen- 
tences,' he ftasahwpysadded 
die rider that this was unreal- 
istic, and That it would not be 
toferatedby Paris; , 

He added nix. soch ..rider 
when he said in a Australian - 
television interview - that the 
prisonmjmighrbe released to 
' - - , r — « serve-their OTitehces in France 

between WeSS?aSd?S^ : or eIsewfacre - '■ When 

P ? ns - ' what he meant by. elsewhere, 
French agents Doramigue - Mr Lange 7 siiid Frs 

lot of territories. 

. . Inn New Zealand television 
interview, Mr ~Lagge was 

iagemsiailed after the Raiii- 
1 bow ^Warrior affair being re- 
"feasedto serve the rest of their 
• sentences in another country 
pe rhaps a French territory, i 
In separate television inter- 
views irr Australia and New 
■Zeal and, . Mr Lange sub- 
stantial progress was 

jailed for 10 years for the 
sabotage of the Qreenpeace. 
protest ship and thedeath of a 
Crewmember last year, are the' 
toajor stumbling blocks to. 
improved relations, with 
France demanding their re- 
lease and Mr L»ng» sa yi n g 
they will not be "‘released to 
freedora"i * • : 

- ■' While Mr~Lange has previ- 

asked- bow strong waS . tbe 
possibility of negouaring n- 
different type of detention for 
the prisoners, and replied: “As 
strong as the assurances , we 
■ Mr Lange said there was no 
novelty in his-suggestion. “I 

arai - 1 conscious that we are 
trying to n^otiate under- 
standing with other countries 
wfce our citizens might serve 
their sentences in New 
Zealand for crimes committed 
abroad. There is merit in that, 
if only for the humanitarian 
n of the families of those 

*fHIs comment indicated a 
willingness to let the agents go 
to jails in New Caledonia or 
French Polynesia — ironically 
the territory containing 
France's nuclear test site at 
Mururoa Atoll, to which the 
Rainbow Warrior was to have 
led a protest fleet last year 
.when it . was destroyed in 
Auckland Harbour. 

- On the resumed dialogue 
between Wellington and Paris, 
Mr Lange. sa«d substantial 
progress bad been made, but 
. he did- not expea a quick 

Anzus split ‘a boost for Russians 9 

■; Canberra (Reuter) — The 
US Defence Secretary, Mr 
Caspar Weinberger, said yes- 
terday that the break-up of the 
Anzus military- alliance link- 
ing the US with Australia and 
New Zealand could only help 
Soviet: expansionist plans in 
the Padific. 

He told a National Press 
Club lunch that New Zealand,- 

which fras banned' visits by 

nuclear vessels, had taken : 
-itself the. aQiahce and; 
that this was “asourceof great - 
.regret aftd great, disappoint-; 
meat and .we . hope that jt.-isi 
temporary”. ; 


: Trade snrplas tops agenda 

tries to 
defuse US 

From David Watts 
- Tokyo 

• The Japanese Prime Minfa- 
tCT, Mr YaaduroNaka^M Mr Nakasone: 

convincing Mr 

States today for his eighth - . • • 
meeting with President relations. The thrust ■of the 

Maekawa report is the traas- 
fotmation of die Jap an e s e 
economy from export-led 
«nwth to growth generated 
domestically and fifeopeamg 
of «nh hdnfrieft as coal 
mining to foreign eftm petition. 

According to a leading Jap- 
anese economic .'newspaper, 
Mr Nakasone .vfiU tett Mr 
Reapn that he pirns to set^p 
a council to oatlihe the policy 
before- the saztoniL Related 
ministries and Agencies will be . 
expected to takethe necessity ' 
measures within three-months 
of recmmnenjiafiqas the 
coandL. .]■ 

The Ideas/though short on 
specifics, are far-sighted. Bat 
whether flay wfll be imple- 
mented i&' another matter. 
They are Hkely to meet strong 
bareancratic and political 
resistance. • j 
! Mr Nakasone and Mr 
Shiatupr Abe, his Foreign 

Minister, are hoping the plans 
wfll h«p defuse complaints 
from American congressmen 
ahontfast year’s S43L4 bfltion 
(a bog £29,000 imffion) deficit 
with" Japan, which was 82 per 
cent, of Japan’s worldwide 

The frequency of thefr . talks 
since they first met officially m 
January. 1981,* indicates fire 
importance green their «3a- 
tkmsfiip. For Mr Nakasone, 
this weekend’s meeting at 
{Camp David is perhaps the 
most enteral of afi. 

summit of .Western mdnstriat- 
ized" countries h sndtf 'to.! 
Japan. But for Success te be 
assured, Mr Nakasone must 
swpess -mj criticism of 
Japan’S $52 bfflkm (about 
£34.7- mfflwai) trade .surplus 
last year; Mr Reagan would be 
a' willing accomplice — Mr 

Dockers strike 

Tokyci (AFP) - Dockers yes- 
terday staged a nationwide 
strike tetitmg all contaxncr- 
caigo handling at nine of 
Japan’s tnain pons. . . 

Mr Tokuji Voshoka, chair- 
man of -the 56,000-member 
AlWapan Port, and Dock 
’ Workers’ Federation, said ne- 
gotiations with the Japan 
Shippers’ Association for a 
pay rise had failed and the 
strike would continue until 
the union's demands were 
met. ... 

The dockers are seeking a 10 
per cent pay rise and better 
worki ng'cotwitionv . - / 

Nakasone has been looking 
extremely confident oT tote 
that what be has to teff the 
President will convinc e _tan 
that Japan is beat on n ftfB, 
that will make sudi huge 
Imbalances a thing of the pastl 

The .latest weapons fo-hfe 
armoray are the two ecoomme 


a package of measur es- to 
g ftndaU the domes tic econo- 
my and ease export pressure; 
and the Maekawa - a 

medium to tongue ntt 

tfod of the ofre^S-^ 

Japan shorfd nBderteheto 
make more of a good trading 
neighbour. 1 -. _ - 

Mr Nakasone h connac^ 
the US, and alter are; 


, tbh bfe WSt Md BMt 
i^Bcnhr piece of pubnc 

one rf his most critical 
udknoes that he expects foe' 
Japanese economy to grow at 4 
per cent this year - mptying 
that this wfll help soak up 
: some of its expnt energy ami 
may even proride some bnsi- 

ness for foreigners. ■’ 

'Though the. Japanese Gov- 
ernment is at pains to play it 
down, the question of its 
joining Mr Reagan’s Strategic 
Defence Initiative (SDQ is 
tomd to be raised. Mr 
Nakasone says he wfll remain 
Boo-committal until after he 
receives at report ^frun a group 
of J^anese m^pneers sent to 
the US to stody the pnqect 
The question of America^ 
anti -ter rorist drive is ' dso 
- likely to be raised. One uf the 
key aims of die' Americans 
spears to be a st atou ent on 

terrorism. Mr Nakasooe,how- 

ever, will have to tread careftd- 
ly ifbe is not tooffend Japan’s 
friends in the Arab world. 

Canada keeps cool at 
oil find off Halifax 

A new ofl find off Canadas 
east coast has stirred excite- 
ment in the pti indupy and 
among P^nnan^Jmi^mrt 
enough to .guarantee that it 
will soon.: be brought into 

The find, announced last 
week by the Nova Scotia 
provincial gOveratncnL^at 
the Cohasset field 
of Stable Island, about 173 

miles east of Halifox. 

rates measured more than 

29.000 btorcls a day, ardtohe 
arecord for Canada’sfir-firatS 
Auntie Coast exploration 

The discovmy wasmadp^ 

a croup headed by. Wro- 

meat corporation^ 'and 
including JNova. Scoca Re 
soorcss Ud? a provincial ff>v- 
enHneni corporation. 

From John Best, Ottawa ■ 

Civic leadms in Halifax, 
nerve centre of toe Nova 
Scotia of&hore drilling pro- 
gramme, hailed the discovery 
as a boost fin* an industry that 
has not had much to cheer 
about lately. 7 - • . 

Oilfields explored so far off 
the Atlantic seaboard have 

generally proved less rich than 

'had been hoped, and with the 
slump - in world oil. prices, 
production from even the best 
-wells las had in be. deferred- 

Tbe precise size- of the 
Cbhassct field remains to be 
determined.. Some analysis 
believe that the region off the 
cast coast may be dotted with 
relatively* small, hut high- 
yield. reservoirsof oiL • 

- MrRon Wallace, the mayor 
of Halifax, is ccmvinced that 
the resources are there and 
says they are “lflce mcmey in 
die bank-. •' 

. Mr Weinberger said he had 
found no sympathy for New 
Zealand’s anti-nuclear stance 
during a 12-day Asia-Pacific 

\ “When alliances are de- 
stroyed the Soviets can only 
take comfort from that,” he 

Return of 
the Bard 

Peking (AFP, Renter) — 
China has opened its first 
Shakespeare festival, present- 
ing 16 plays, including King 
Lear, Rickard III and OtkeUo, 
the Engbsh-iasgaage China 
Daily sauL 

Thirteen Chinese theatre 

groeps will perform during the 
two-week festival which 
opened on Thursday. 

The Chinese love Shake- 
speare, the daily quoted the 
chairman of the Shakespeare 
Society of China, Mr Cao Ye, 
as saying. Shakespearean the- 
atre was banned during the 
Cultmal Revolution (1966- 

The British Ambassador. 
Sir Richard Evans, attended 
the Peking opening ceremony. 

When a production of The 
Merry Wires of Windsor be- 
gan in Peking last month 
ahead of the main festival, a 
Chinese narrator was given 
the job of explaining back- 
ground information to the 

But the China Daily said 
this was stopped after many 
playgoers objected, some even 
shouting out; “Please don’t 
interrupt. We nnderstand 
Shakespeare”. The play’s di- 
rector. Mr Yang Zongjmg, 
said his »mib had made bold 
changes in the fines of the play 
and used vivid expressions 
from Peking diaipct. 

Accused Marcos 
man on the run 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 

Mr Orlando Dulay, a for- 
mer parliamentarian and fol- 
lower of the deposed President 
Marcos, escaped from military 
detention yesterday, a day 
after the Justice Ministry filed 
multiple murder and kidnap- 
ping charges against him. 

Mr Dufay, a former military 
officer, was the only official of 
the ousted regime to have 
been jailed since President 
Aquino swept to power on 
February 25 after a civilian- 
backed military revolt. 

The Defence Minister, Mr 
Juan Ponce Emile, ordered a 
nationwide military manhunt 
for Mr Dufay and four alleged 
followers implicated in the 
killing of three Aquino cam- 
paign workers who disap- 
peared in Quirino province on 
the eve of the hotly-disputed 
presidential election. Their 
mutilated bodies were found 
two days later in the 
neighbouring province of 
Nueva Viscaya. 

Three men — Mr Fernando 

Pastor, Ips son, also named 
Fernando, and Mr Francisco 
Lauretta — were tortured. 
bound and kepi under guard 
in Mr Dufay’s garage shortly 
after they were reported miss- 
ing. one of the assemblyman’s 
bodyguards said in a sworn 
statement to the Justice 

Mr Dufay, who has denied 
any involvement in the kill- 
ing, was on Thursday charged 
with three counts of murder 
and kidnapping. His coac- 
cused remain at large. 

After be surrendered to 
military authorities on March 
12. Mr Dulay bad special 
accommodation at Camp 
Crame. the suburban head- 
quarters of the Philippine 
Constabulary, where he occu- 
pied two adjoining rooms. 

Agents of the Commission 
on Good Government have 
meanwhile confiscated IS fur 
coats belonging to Mrs Imelda 
Marcos and worth S37S,000 

Aquino ‘manipulated’ 

King Lear daring its 
Cultural Revolution. 

Manila (Renter) — Unido, 
the party of Vice-President 
Salvador Laurel of the Philip- 
pines, yesterday said Presi- 
dent Aquino was being 
manipulated by a clique of 
mysterious advisers. 

“The President is not being 
given the true situation- 1 wish 
sbe would expand her consul- 
tation process down to the 
grass roots,” Mr Rene E spina. 

the party’s secretary-general, 
told journalists. 

He said more than 50 pro- 
Aquino MPs were disappoint- 
ed that she had abolished 
Pa rliam ent after pledging to 
retain ft. 

Mr Laurel who backed last 
month’s abolition of the Na- 
tional Assembly, was not at 
Mr Espina’s press conference. 

What does it mean 
to be an Officer in the 

Rjr a start, it means the Territorial Army 
actually has its own Officers. 

And, because were expanding, 
looking for more. You may not have realised 
this. So read on. 

It means going to Sandhurst. 

Surprised? You shouldn’t be. 

A Territorial Army Officers duties 
and responsibilities are no less 
demanding than those of his 
Regular Army colleagues. 

Potential Territonal Army 
Officers are singled out for their 
leadership qualities. 

And, during a continual 
training and assessment programme 
(which includes two weeks at the 
Royal Military Academy Sandhurst) 
these leadership qualities are devel- 
oped to the full. 

It means 

As soon as they join us, potential 
Territorial Army Officers begin to learn 
how to exploit their natural talents through 
a wide range of activities. 

From combat tactics, weaponry and map 
reading, to drill, command and fieldcraft. 

And they'll go on learning during the rest 
of their career as a Territorial Army Officer, 
because in the event of war, they’ll be expected 
to fight alongside the R^ulars. 

It means keeping your brain 
as agile asyourbody 

Naturally we expect our Officers to be 
physically fit. Fitness is an essential facet of 
command, and it’s something 
we work at. 

But leadership requires mental agility 
too. A Territorial Army Officer can find 
himself leading men from all walks of life. 
He needs to exercise understanding 
and initiative in equal quantities, in order to 
get the best out of people under his command. 

It means commitment. 

Obviously, a Territorial Army 
Officer has to give up some of his 
spare time. 

At least eight weekends a year 
plus a two week camp and some 
weekday evenings is the basic 
requirement, though most of our 
Officers find that the more they 
put into the Territorial Army, the 
more they get out of it. 

It means alotto 

The Territorial Army is a 
vital and active part of our 

Currently, we make up one 
third of Britain’s land forces. 
And, J^Lwere still expanding.That's why 
we want to Ik hear from you. 

If you believe you have what it 

takes to become\.aTerritorial Army Off icer- 
think about it hard^k 

Then pick up^kthe phone, with pen 
and paper handy, and^make a free call 
anytime on 0800 555*555, or send off this 
coupon today. We’re ready and 
waiting to hear from you. 

s — Officer 1 

! TheTerritorial Army 

J To The Territorial Army Freepcsr 4335. (Etept, T1F) Bristol BS1 3YX. 
j Please send me further information cm TA. Offioets. 




L. Education Qualified! 





Simon Barnes 

Last stump 
is nigh 

Some extravagant things have 
been written about Ian Botham 
over the years, but the Salvation 
Army paper The H’ar Or (the one 
you buy half an hour before the 
pubs dose) has gone further than 
any. “Botham will always be an 
enigma." it says. “One day bril- 
liant. the next merely human. As 
for Jesus, his rejection came as no 
surprise. He had warned his 
followers what to expect. So .not 
much has changed in 2,000 
years . . . will you have made up 
your mind about Jesus by the time 
Botham has scored his next 
century?" More to the point is the 
quote from Lindy Field, the 
Former Miss Barbados who made 
the sex *n* drugs allegations 
against Ian Botham (for a reputed 
£40.000): "1 feel sorry for Ian and 
his family . . . Ian is a wonderful 
person, but he really needs to get 
his act together." 

Seriously . . . 

With the passing of Botham's 
agent Tim Hudson — he of the 
sweeping assertion (which he de- 
nies making) "doesn't everybody 
smoke pot?" — comes relieved 
laughter from the cricket est- 
ablishment. which feels that it can 
now safely say that the man was 
only a down after all. But Hudson 
put' his linger on two truths: that 
top crickets have a greater 
commercial potential than ever 
before, and that top international 
players now get fed up with county 
cricket seven days a week. The 
break-away arcus he talked about 
would certainly have found illus- 
trious supporters had Hudson 
taken it beyond Lhe talking stage. . 

Stroll on 

What is Britain's most popular 
sport? If you are not going to be 
too pedantic about the compet- 
itive side it is walking in the 
country. The Ramblers' Associ- 
ation is the body at the sharp end 
of the sport and among its current 
projects is the Thames Walk: a 
156-mile footpath stroll. Except 
that it is not all on the banks of the 
river: there an? still major gaps, 
including one-and-a-half miles at 
Windsor Home Park where walk- 
ers are faced with locked gates at 
each end. However, the Ramblers' 
Association has won support from 
such important bodies as the 
Thames Water Authority and 
hopes that in time people will be 
able to keep the river in their sight 
every step of the way from Putney 
Bridge to its source. 

• Two life sentence prisoners and 
two prison officers at Stocken 
Prison in Leicestershire yesterday 
began an attempt to beat the world 
badminton doubles endurance 
record of 77 hours and one minute. 
Gluttons for punishment. 


Asa horse called Masked Ball won 
at 10-1 at Haydock on Wednes- 
day. there were idle queries as to 
why the name had been chosen. 
The answer was that he was really 
meant to have been called Six 
Runs after an accident when 
trying to jump a fence in his 
foalhood. Six Runs? See the Laws 
of Cricket — Law 20, to be precise. 

Rushed out 

The Rugby Football Union has 
turned down £40,000 from people 
who wanted to stage an American 
football match between the Chi- 
cago Bears and the Dallas Cow- 
boys at Twickenham. The reason 
for the refusal was technical. The 
RFU said that their Brobdingnag- 
ian plumbing was not up to the 
five hours during which the 
festivities would last. Funny: the 
Middlesex Sevens last all day, and 
Twickers is always packed for 
that. Is the RFU secretly fright- 
ened of the prospect of William 
“The Refrigerator” Perry playing 
on the sacred turf? The match will 
now be played at Wembley on 
August 3. 


1 have had such a splendid 
response to my request for sport- 
ing limericks that 1 am going to 
save them up and publish the best 
ones over the May bank holiday 
weekend. A fiver for every one 
published, so keep ’em coming. 
Meanwhile here is one to whet the 

Said a gallant young batsman 
called Gatling: 

"Please don't accuse me of 

But T re broken nose and thumb 
And been hit on the bum. 

So its rather put paid to my 

Thanks and a fiver to Mrs 
M.W. Johnston. 




■That used (o be the Gova - we're 
replacing it with a wall safe’ 

Pointer to a hung parliament 

Labour is entitled to crow at its 
Fulham victory. The triumph is 
slightly diminished because every- 
one expected it. but Labour has 
nevertheless secured the 97th 
most marginal Conservative seat 
with a comfortable 3,500 major- 
ity'. ft is its first gain in this 
parliament and only its third gain 
in 15 years (and the Midlands 
triumphs of Nonhfield in 1982 
and Bromsgrove in 1971 were 

The swing of ! 0.8 per cent is the 
largest recorded since Southend in 
1 980. Labour won back a seat that 
had been theirs from 1945 to 1979 
and they did it in style. Like the 
Cambridge crew, snaking round 
the southern edge of the constit- 
uency two weeks ago. they pulled 
out in front at the start of the race 
and then added to their lead. 

They retained, or regained, the 
support of the solid blocks of 
council flats behind Earls Court. 
But council tenants account for 
only 24 per cent of the voters. The 
dreary villas off Fulham Palace 
Road' and even the Yuppies ot 
Huriingham. must have contrib- 
uted to the Labour vote. .And 
perhaps the opinion polls helped; 
their message to dedicated ami- 
Thatcherites was that, for once, an 
Alliance vote was a wasted vote: to 
ensure the Iron Lady’s defeat it 
was necessary to switch to Labour. 

But that " is not enough to 
explain Labour's success. Its new 
credibility gained support, in this 
part of London at least. The swing 

by David Butler 

from Conservative to Labour 
(with the Alliance barely advanc- 
ing) would, repeated nationwide, 
put Labour on the brink of a clear 
majority in the Cbmmons. 

For the Conservatives the result 
might have been worse. For the 
first time in this parliament they 
have kept the Alliance in third 
place m a by-election. The i l .5 per 
cent fall in the Tory vote was -less 
than in either of last year's by- 
elections. In Brecon last July they 
went from a victorious 48 percent 
to a third place 28 per cent. At this 
distance into the 1979-83 par- 
liament. they were 20 per cent 
down from their general election 
level and the 1970-74 parliament 
was equally bad. In the opinion 
polls today the Tories are around 
32 percent, only 6 per cent below a 
winning position. 

For the .Alliance the Fulham 
outcome is deeply disappointing. 
The city centres have always been 
a weak point for them but Fulham 
had seemed to offer an opportu- 
nity. The Militant squabbles and 
revulsion against other London 
variants of the wilder left, together 
wjih memories of the Liberal 
triumph in Bermondsey three 
years ago. led to optimism that, by 
squeezing the disillusioned Tory 
vote, it could cut through from 
third to first place, as it did at 
Brecon and in Portsmouth North 
two years ago. In the event its 

vote, for the first time in years, 
obstinately refused to advance as 
the campaign developed. Perhaps 
it suffered because the Alliance 
had so conspicuously shared con- 
trol of the local council. 

If the Fulham movement in 
votes were reflected nationwide. 
Labour would get 325 seats in the 
Commons, the Conservatives 262, 
and the Alliance 38. By-elections, 
however, offer only a limited 
guide to a general election two 
years later. Orpington in 1962 and 
Crosby in 1981 were misleading 
presages of a third party break- 
through- Labour’s last London 
victory (Lewisham in 1957) did 
not exactly forecast the Conser- 
vative triumph of 1959. 

Labour, indeed, has a hard task. 
To gain a majority it needs to 
advance from 209 to 326 seats —a 
gain of 1 1 7. Since only a few of the 
Alliance's 25 seats are at all 
vulnerable to Labour, it has to 
take. say. HO seats from the 
Conservatives. But Labour came 
second in only 116 of the 397 
constituencies where the Conser- 
vatives won in 1983. And at least 
33 of those 1 1 6 seats, where the 
Conservatives won by 20 per cent 
or more, must be classed as out of 
Labour’s reach. 

So. for a clear Labour victory, 
the party has first to ensure a 
swing that will secure every con- 
ceivable marginal seat in which it 

is the challenger, and then it also 
has to claw iis way from third to 
first place in 40-odd constit- 
uencies where voting for the 
Alliance is the obvious way of 
ousting the Conservatives. 

Labour, like the Conservatives, 
needs a minimum of 38 percent of 
the national vote to win a clear 
majority. But an exploration of all 
the likely scenarios suggests that 
Labour cannot win unless it is a j 
dear 6 per cent ahead of the ; 
Conservatives. The Conservatives ; 
can survive with a mere 4 per cent ! 
lead, as these two examples of the 
{Test of narrow wins show. 

A Votes 

B Votes 

Con tab Afl 

38% 34% 26% 

326 273 28 

32% 38% 28% 
262 326 39 

Linda Christmas reports on North Korea’s new open-door policy 
as the Great Leader seeks to establish a communist dynasty 

E very morning it was the 
same. At 5.40. in the 
dawn light, columns of 
blue-clad figures jog- 
marched up and down 
Changgwang Street in the North 
Korean capital of Pyongyang. 
They were construction workers 
warming themselves against the 
chill Siberian wind which per- 
sisted in postponing spring. Soon 
after the steady tramp-tramp was 
succeeded by tannoyed music 
blaring from the nearby building 
site where they were putting up yet 
another huge luxury hotel. 

It was not only the construction 
workers whose noise made a 
nonsense of the nation's epithet as 
the Land of the Morning Calm. 
Soon after 6am other workers 
formed lengthy bus queues, or 
began emerging from the monu- 
mental. marbled, and muralled 
underground or wandered up 
from the many subways which 
they are instructed to use rather 
than cross major roads. 

Not that there is much danger 
from traffic; there is very little, 
cars being reserved for officials 
and bicycles being few. None the 
less roads must not be crossed and 
traffic police blow shrill whistles at 
ignorant foreigners who do not 
know the rules. 

At 7am a wailing siren fills the 
air to announce that another 
working day has started in the 
Democratic Peoples’ Republic of 
Korea. A long and hard-working 
day to enable the country to inch 
further forward from the devasta- 
tion of a three-year war which 
began in 1950 and which ended in 
stalemate with North and South 
still divided at the 38th parallel. 

The division was imposed in 
1945 after Korea was liberated 
from the Japanese — a replica, in 
miniature of the post-war division 
of Europe. The reunification 
war — which each side accuses the 
other of starting — left North and 
South more divided than ever, 
harnessed to opposing ideologies 
and looking as though they could 
never be anything but a perma- 
nent war museum. 

We have heard much of the 
success of the South, of its 
impressive economic recovery 
culminating this week in the fust 
official visit to Europe of Presi- 
dent Chun, accompanied by a 
large delegation intent on expand- 
ing relations with the EEC. We 
have heard little of the progress in 
the Nonh, which chose to seal 
itself from prying Western eyes 
and slave away with help from 
ccommunist and non-aligned 
countries. This isolation has in- 
evitably shrouded the North in 
mystery and established it in 
Western minds as a bogeyman 
amassing military hardware and 
aggravating the tension in the 

T o counteract the atten- 
tion given to the South, 
the North is now open- 
ing its doors a little, it 
winces at the thought of 
the world focus on Seoul in the 
1988 Olympics. It dislikes the idea 
of the South and China courting 
each other with contracts and 
contacts. It no longer wants to be 

As a prelude to trade and better 
understanding, American journal- 
ists were the first to be invited last 
summer. Thai did not work too 
well. The New York Times con- 
cluded that the North was a land 
of numbing tedium and that here 
was a nation of Niebelungen 
Niebelheim; the story goes that its 
correspondent was seen kissing 
the ground as the train taking him 
to Peking crossed into China. 

It cannot have been easy. The 
first-time visitor finds it almost 
impossible to acquire information 
and unbiased interpretation. Of- 
ficials do their best but they are 
not as yet used to questions and 
requests: interviews take the form 
of- lengthy lectures, leaving 
journalists scurrying to scavenge 
among the foreign residents for 
additional scraps of information. 
Even this is disappointing since 
none of the few diplomats whom I 


of eternal Kim 

met had bothered to learn the 
language and admitted that the 
early fascination soon turned to 
boredom with the company of a 
few hundred foreigners. They 
longed to move on. 

Their views were much of a 
muchness; they admired the spirit 
of nationalism and the people's 
capacity Tor hard work but were 
wary of much else, for example 
questioning the official informa- 
tion about the huge amount of' 
marbie used in public buildings 
and monuments; is it in feet 
marble, they ask. or some fake 
stuff imported from Japan? 

Surface impressions are easy 
enough. The countryside is glori- 
ous and devoid of poverty and 
squalor. Pyongyang is a beautiful 
city, a spotlessly clean showplace 
with everything build on the grand 
scale, be it the Monument to 
Fallen Soldiers of the Peoples’ 
Army or a maternity hospital, a 
Grand Peoples* Study House or a 
health complex which is in reality 
a huge beauty parlour, an assem- 
bly hall or an ice rink, an arts 
theatre or a museum. 

It all seems a trifle excessive for 
a city of only two million, most of 
whom live in high-rise blocks of 
up to 20 storeys. The back streets 
reveal some less impressive hous- 
ing. but no one will deny the vastly 
improved standard of living. 

The fiat which inquisitive for- 
eigners are shown over consists of 
three rooms, a kitchen and bath- 
room for a family of four. It has 
underfloor heating and is basically 
furnished, a colour television 
being the only trace of luxury. The 
rent amounted to not more than 2 
per cent of wages, which average 
about £30 a month. 

Children stay at home until they 
marry, when the daughter moves 
in with her husband's family and 
the son brings his wife to his 
parents' home. There are no 
pensions for the retired; children 
provide for their elderly parents. 
Everything else, down to school 
uniform, is provided by the stale. 
Education is highly valued, pro- 
vided extensively for the gifted 
and pursued afterwards by the less 
able. It always includes a study of 
the writings of President Kim II 
Sung, known throughout the land 
as The Great Leader. 

The Great Leader is wor- 
shipped. and is everywhere. In the 
last 1 5 jears he has been deified in 
a wax that is daunting to the 
Western x isiior. The Great Leader 
liberated the North from the 
Japanese and has since guided his 

people in every detail. There are 
plaques everywhere 

commemorating his visits to 
schools, factories, monuments 
and museums to give on-the-spot 
guidance for their construction 
and smooth running. 

K im D Sung is not just a 
soldier, he is a thinker 
and political philos- 
opher who studied 
Marx and Lenin and 
found them wanting. To bridge 
the gap he has evolved his own 
philosophy, the Juche idea. It is 
not a philosophy to be digested at 
a glance but it appears to bave 
three basic ingredients: indepen- 
dence in politics, self-support in 
the economy and self-reliance In 
national defence. At times its 
creator sounds like a collectivist 
Samuel Smiles, urging industry, 
thrift and sdf- improvement upon 
the people not for the benefit of 
the individual but for the benefit 
of the state. 

Kim n Sung’s birthplace on the 
outskirts of Pyongyang has been 
turned into a shrine; the huts 
prettied up and labelled and 
surrounded by lawns. Doleful 
music cocoons the scene, provok- 
ing an unfortunate comparison 
with Grace land, Elvis Presley's 
home in Tennessee. A short walk 
axvay a museum has been built 
tracing the life not only of Kim II 
Sung but of his parents and. 
grandparents to prove his im- 
peccable revolutiooarv back- 
ground. The accuracy of some of 
the details is questionable but the 
magnitude of the myth is assured 
and children from a tiny age are 
indoctrinated with every line. 

At a nursery school for the 
children of professional women 
who need to travel 1 watched 

three-year-olds chant their way 
through a question and answer 
session. “Where xvas our Great 
Leader born?”, the teacher asked, 
and the children chanted the reply. 
The teacher asked when he was 
born, and the children gave the 
date. She then pointed to a picture 
on the wall and asked: "What is 
this?” A moppet went forward and 
explained that the picture showed 
Kim II Sung up a tree trying to 
catch a rainbow. He failed and so 
climbed another tree and tried 
again. Still he failed, and in this 
xx-ay he learned about nature. 

On the floor above, two groups 
of children dressed in identical 
salmon-pink tracksuits were in- 
volved in a relay race, each child 
placing a primed letter on a board. 
When completed the words read: 

“We are ibe happiest people in the 

A foreign resident told me that 
when she xvas about to go to Hong 
Kong she asked her Korean staff if 
there was anything they would like 
brought back. No. they replied, 
our Great Leader provides every- 
thing. Newspapers bearing Ins 
picture must not be thrown away, 
but what happens to them is a 

The Great Leader will be 74 
next week and has already handed 
over much of the day-to-day 
running of the state to his son, 
Kim Jong 0, who is 43 and known 
throughout the land as The Dear 
Leader. Needless to say there is 
much speculation about the 
advisability of such a dynastic 
move — the prospect displeases 
even North Korea's friends, China 
and Russia — and even more gos- 
sip about- when it - is likely to 
happen and if it will meet foe 
approval of the military, of which 
he has never been a member. - • 

R ight now North Korea 
is at a crossroads and 
the signposts are none 
too dear. The economy 
appears to be stagnant; 
foe second seven-year plan ended 
in 1984 with the boast that the 
annual growth rate since 1978 had 
been 9.6 per cent The new plan 
was expected last July, but there is 
still no sign of it Last year saw 
many of foe older leaders dropped 
in favour of younger technocrats 
who favour trade links with other 

Direct foreign investment is not 
encouraged because it breeds 
dependence; foe favoured option 
is joint ventures, which so far 
seem to have been less than 
successful The French have tried 
co-building an hotel but dis- 
cussions have faltered on foe 
suitability of the chosen site. 
Others are wary. North Korea 
went on a spending spree in the 
1970s and did not pay the bills. As 
a result it is listed as the least 
credit-worthy nation in foe workL 
Economic troubles appear to 
stem from heavy spending on 
defence, which has now been 
reduced to about 14 per cent of the 
budget from something like 30 per 
cent in the 1960s. About 5 per cent 
of the population — 800.000 out 
of 19 million — are in the armed 
forces, which are bigger than those 
of South Korea even though the 
population of the North is only 
half that of the South. 

Despite this military disparity 
the North claims that its in- 
tentions are misunderstood. It 
insists that reunification by force 
is out of the question and cannot 
be achieved by one side, conquer- 
ing the other. “We don't want 
another war," I xvas told- “What 
has been achieved is too valuable 
to be destroyed.” What North 
Koreans want, they say, is di- 
alogue and consultation to achieve 
one country, communist in the 
North, capitalist in the South, 
each with an autonomous govern- 
ment under a central authority 
with an alternating presidency. 

Such talk seems pie in foe sky 
when simpler questions of eco- 
nomic links between the two 
continue to flounder, xvith each 
side accusing the other of dragging 
its feet and deliberate obstruction. 

Outsiders argue that the North 
is less interested in improving 
links than it says. History show& 
foal for thousands of years there 
has been antagonism between 
North and South, based originally 
on trite] antagonisms. The South 
has traditionally seen foe North as 
uncouth, uneducated and full of 
troublemakers, and the North to 
regard foe southerners as lazy, 
scheming rascals. The talking now 
ts intended not so much to 
overcome that division, exacer- 
bated by ideological differences, 
but to improve North Korea’s 
image and try to build bridges with 
Japan and the United Stans. 

This former Land of foe the 
Morning Calm has become the 
Land of Morning Action. There is 
much more to come. 

Woodrow Wyatt 

Learning to love 
nuclear power 

-a**- * 

The distance Labour has to 
travel can be put in other terms. 
As long as the Alhance gets 25 per 
cent or more of the total vote 
Labour can win only if the 
Conservatives are squeezed down 
to 32 per cent of the total - lOper 
cent less than they got in 1983. 
Since 1945 no election has shown 
a party suffering such a fell in 

F ulham shows Labour is recov- 
ering. But it has a long way to go. 
What F ulham does is to shorten 
foe odds on a hung parliament 

The author is a JeUow of Nuffield 
College v Oxford. 

Thirty yeais ago Cakler-HaH was 
the first nuclear power station m 
the world to srppfy grid etectnc- 
ity. Britain was ahead of ev eryon e. 

Today 65 per cent of dectrictty 
in France is generated by nuclear 
poxwer; in Belgium 55 per cent* 
Taiwan 46.5 per cent, Sweden 45 J 
per cent and West Germany 25 3 
per 'cent. The Soxriet Union has 
one i of the largest rivfl nuclear 
power programmes witho ut a 
word of ann-nuctear protest from 
anywhere. Of the large industrial 
nations, Britain has one of the 
smallest, with less than 20 per cent 
of our electricity provided by 
nuclear power. We are so_ far 
behind that the Central Electricity 
Generating Board has had to 
import electricity from France — 
25 per cent cheaper than it can. 
produce electricity here. 

From how on nuclear powered 
electricity will steadily become 
cheaper ih«n tha t from oil or coal- 
fired ; power stations. French 
industry's energy costs are a* least 
25 percent lower than Britain's. In 
Scotland, where 40 per cent of 
electricity comes from nuclear 
power \ electricity charges are 
substantially tower than in Eng- 
land and Wales. What happened? 

Deference to the miners is part 
of the s»ry. ft xvas thought that the 
threat of nuclear power would stop 
their stakes and encourage them 
to increase productivity. But only 
this week foe CEGB claimed that 
its purchase of British coal is 
tantamount to a- £500 million-a- 
year subsidy to the coal industry. 

The nteers have been aide d by 
the ann-nudear lobby, which has 
managed Wo confuse civil nuclear 
power with nuclear weapons in the 
public mind. Splendid propag- 
anda was provided by the accident 
at the Tljrpe Mile Island nuclear 
power station in Pennsylvania in 
1979, everT though no one. was 
killed or felt any after effects.. 

ante was provided by the accident 
at the Tljrpc Mile Island nuclear 
power station in Pennsylvania in 
1979, everT though no one . xvas 
killed or fell any after effects.. 

In Britatii no one has been killed 
from the effects of radiation from 
nuclear power plants, but thou- 
sands have .been kilted in mining; 
fishing, construction and other 
industries. The much publicized 
leaks at Sdlafield, though some 
ought not to have happened, have 
been trixoaL One .vrizich made 
front-page headlines involved no 
more radioactivity than there is in 
a luminous watch. Radiation on 
beaches near. Seilafidd is lower 
than in Cornwall, but no-.ooe 
suggests that Cornwall is unsafe 
for boKtey-mafeeks. 

Of afl foe radiation xwe are 
subjected to only (U pier cent 
comes from the nuclear industry. 
Five times more domes from am 
travel and 370 tinges more from 
radon and$es. inside 
buildings. But we are not going to - 
pull themdoxvn. ’ V : 

Then there is the silggestionthat 
somehow a n udear plant can blow 
up Hfce an: H-bomb,\ with ^con- 
sequent mass eaflenntoation mid . 
cancer, diseases. Thatj,is impos- 
sible. An explosion might con- 
ceivably cause some increase of 
internal radiation-in th^mant but 
it could not have the. effect of a 
nuclear weapon because It is not 
constructed that way, assail sci- 

entists agree. There have also been 
suggestions that the rate ofteuke- 
nuainsoroe areas close to nodear 
plants is lusher than foe national 
average. But k is also higher in 
many other small areas nowhere 
• near nodear power plants. Search 
for a group out of foe national 
pattern and you can find one 
yt-mrtgf anywhere. 

Ignorance, fanned into super- 
stitious dread, helps delay oar 
nuclear power programme. So 
does the British tove of planning 
inquiries — part of our decline 
into Afoertian-gyie democracy, 
for ‘ever debating everything. 
France has no such problem. The 
Sizcwell inquiry ended in March 
1985 after-two qnd a quarter years. 
The report is not due for months. 
Bat it is argent to sort on foe 
nuclear power projects involved 
because, as the older power sta- 
tions are retired * we will otherwise 
soon be generating even less 
electricity from nuclear power 
than. at: present Fortunately the 
inquiry into foe planning applica- 
tion tor a reprocessing plant at 
Dotmreay may not be obstructed 
by many of the usual protesters 
became it is needed to secure the 
jobs of 2300 people. 

As for waste. Sir Alan CotlreB 
FRS in Now Safe Is Nuclear 
Energy ? has shown that foe 
method of waste disposal involves 
no risk to this or future genera- 
tions. The Swedish Kam-Branste- 
Sakerhet report of 1978 said that 
even if adeep drinkmg'weO were 
drilled dose to a nodear waste 
deposit sixer, the increase in foe 
personal radiation dose of regular 
usees of foe well would be well 
below foe variations .in natural 
radiation betwe e n different places. 
Thai report concluded: “The pro- 
posed mefoodfbrtbe final storage 
of higb4evei waste glass is there- 
fore . .deemed to be absolutely 
safe.” In percentage terms Sweden 
b producing more than double the 
amount tf nuclear powered 
. electricity than.Britain. 

Protesters, many of them also 
CND sympathizers, have had 
some success m turning the public 
against Ductearvpowered etecvic- 
ity. Few people realize that already 
nearly one fifth of our electricity 
comes from .fob source. The 
Gallop poll published in the 
Sunday Telegraphof March 16 in 
ns first question raid that about 12 
per cent of our electricity came 
from nudearpower, thus making 
foe respondent suppose that the 
amomrt'.was negligible. On this 
inaccurate basis only 24 per cent 
ihnn ohr nodear power generation 
should be increased, as against 39 
per cent in 197& foe number 
thinking that- there 1 should be no 
increaseor that fiteetricity genera- 
tion from nuclear power should 
stop altogether rose from 36 per 
cent in 1976 to 65 per cent. 

Whh oil reserves dwindling, lhe 
government feces a challenging 
propaganda effort to get public 
support for the only obvious way 
of generating cheap electricity- As 
for coal, it need not be wasted: 
within 20 years it could provide 
petrol as cheaply as oil from 
processes now being developed. 

Joseph Connolly 


© Times Nmopipar, IMS. 

(To be sung to the tune of The 
Ovaltineysy. y 

We are the Fikfaxies, happy girls 
and boys. 

We fill the pockets with our 

Twist the fax to save us taxes, 
Cross-refer the orange-lined bits 
With the turquoise plain! 

It ready is a ceaseless joy. 

It lifts you from the hoi-poUoi, 

A trendy and expensive tqy — 
Because we all have Filofax, 

We’re happ-ee girls andboysl 
Yes, foe. bright-feced cherubs of 
the Forties and Fifties have all 
grown up into Yuppies with red 
spectacle frames. Filing b no 
longer the territory of the hapless 
cleric; it b now just about the most 
meaningful thing you can do. 

For those of you recently de- 
ceased, I ought to explain that 
Filofax — ana its two or three 
imitators — is a loose-leaf system 
to keep in check our personal 
chaos. Or at least that’s the official 
vertion. The truth b far more 
insidious — it is a drug, a hi ghl y 
contagious and totally addictive 
drug that is sweeping the nation: 
xve need our fix of Filofax. 

Paperchase in Tottenham Court 
Road seems to be London’s main 
pusher. Daily one may observe the 
massed throngs of helpless slaves 
to the habit hovering on the brink 
between ecstasy and as 

they survey the massed rectan- 
gular pigeon-holes chock-full of 
every type of blank and pm- 
printed refill, foe consumer- 
friendly packets panning QU1 gj 
about oOp plain, SOp coloured. 

The ecstasy is induced by the 
thrill of it all: new colours they 
have not previously seen, inform- 
ation sheets new to than (lighting- 
up time m New Delhi, say, foe 
incidence pf .malaria cm foe Costa 
del Sol, international sock nay?* 
and other essential business). . 

The despair stems from foe 
realization that their beloved 
“Winchester" wallet (foe fay. 
oume — the one to be seen clutch- 
ing) is already straining at the 
rings with xvorid maps, foe Lon- 
don A-Z, Underground guides, 
transparent plastic pockets choked 
with plastic credit cards. Most 
Used Telephone Numbers, diary 
addresses, financial reckoners! 
planners and Don't Forget sheets 
most of which are scrawled over 

with memoranda to buy heaps 
more of foe above. 

A collective groan of mingled 
i horror and near-erotic arousal 
\ went up recently when suddenly 
uhere appeared leather punched 
snserts, some xvifo zipped pouches . 

for £1 coins (it’s all very Eighties) Sf ’ ' 
at around £Z0 a throw. - • j ' 

\ The. addicts beat their breasts I * »v 
while rending the odd garment !'< 

(opt easy xvith one hand, let’s face { ' ■> . 
it, foe golden rule being that you 
never ever relinquish hold of your i '• 

Hldfex, 1 except possibly when i y 
showering, when it is perfectly | 
proper to request a friend to hold 
it for. you — a very trusted friend, r. J 
it must be underlined, for the new 1 
taboo is to dream of even glancing > v 

inside another’s Rlofex; to do sob 

to silly a sacred place, white 
stealing a little of lhe owner’s soul; r r 
fob is so clear as hardly to bear - ■ _ 
saying). ', i ■ 

These new leather inserts Have 
really thrown. -the cat among foe 4 . 
pigeons, becaase although it is 
now de rigueur for all foe 
Filofaxies to own one of these (in - - 

the same colouras the xvaltet? Ora 
contrast? Maybe nw. to be on foe ‘ 

safe side) what with all the other *■ 
parapbalia tittle room is left for so 
much as one blank piece of paper 
^write, let atone a 

second to xvbrch one might cross- r -y. 

It is at this point that the already . . 

enters i*s second r 

«age and becomes incurable, for a 
font* bout of self-foerapy con- 
vtnees the sufferers that what they V ' 
“° w are no- fewer than * 

/wo fofl^ftedged “Winchesters" - IU... ~ 

one for home, one for office, say - i 

^,? oe “J 581 * hand; any nsason. ■ ’ 

really- Whereupon they can m- v ’ 

d tege m an orgy of acquisition (all ! 

11 have each wallet gold- 
WTth thftr initials — aad ; . 

God «!!2 0811 ewry hour s , 

S^refembfi all foe , ? v . .‘ 
mfonntoon from one ttifoe other. " • " 

M extraordinary business, <, ■ 

and I must confess to bone Mt . ’ 

J am l * ^“"“rested chroSSL l . IQ * . • 
al7 ELS"* of cotu^nm at > * £ , > 
of mv~w U ? >a ^ ^wsinon 
S \.Zl*r Wwche *ter” I could not ~ ' 

Ky f th,S fak 10 m m to ' . 

S 11 has proved f < 



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;12 1986 


ne 01-481 4100 


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\ i 

a offi 

Alt comment on mid-term ' 
oy^fe ction results should be 
prefaced by ther qualification 
that historically they are weak 
prides to the result of the next 
general election. They offer no 
more than a useful giade to 
current political trends. 

The most obvious trend 
illumi na ted by -.the f idham 
result & Labour’s recent arid 
perhaps still fragile recovery jn 
public, support. Labom’sabte 
candidate, . Mr Kick 
Raynsford, * achieved -- i 
substantial increase of 10 per 
cent in the party’s vote. 

j The main Opp osition party, 
however, should do well 
against a faltering government 
at a time wbenimempioymerit 
is. weH into AmWa figuresand 
the government’s supporters 
are afflicted by mid-term dis- 
loyalty. Judged by that stan- 
dard. Labour has not done 
quite well enoug h. It would 
.roll be one teat short of ah 
overall Commons majority iF 
the Fulham string were to. be 
repeated nation-wide. Given 
the usual government recovery 
between now and the election. 
Labour candidates are 
benefit from a smaller swing 
on the day. .' . ' 

' Labour will nonetheless en- 
joy the poor performance of 
the. AQianoe. Fulham isexactiy 

the" sort of seat that tfbe 
AIEancC mttstwm if it is to 
reduce -laibpm as the min 
party o£ the Leftnamely, a 
former La&Gurseat recently 
wem^ and margmaDy heh^ by 
die Tories. That — in reverse— . 

rcplace dthe 

Ear the: Affiance to., mate a 

socially -mixed constituency 
fiiat, in advance, seemed p^to- 
ral Alliance territory indicates 
that Labour is vmmmd this 
primary battle against its rival. 
onlhqLeft ‘ j 9 ... 

That same fact will greatly 
. dilate fdr Norman Tebbxt’s 
anguish rbyer- - the' resait As 
David puller paints oit op- 
pOri<c> the Tones can comfort 
themselves that instead of 
tiarling20pointsih thcopin- 
ion polls,- as in earfreniJnid- 
fire 38 per cent xequm&for a 
clear Commons majority ma 

The jafcin calcnMciti of 
.Central Office, moreover, is 
that Labour. offers jftc less 
dnnffwnns challenge jft fc n o 
thrmtt to the Tory Utneland 

(indeed, its recovery f there 
would retmdtheAlliaacfichal- 
lyn ge L ind I fflittnt ri^tfe misfa 

arelikelyto appearSfenlar 
intervals ; to fi^htenjw float- 


.The Vaticmi, the Kremlin' 
and the White House know 
that Central and South Amer- 
ica have become central to 
their particular interests. Hie 
area's geographical and eco- 
nomic relationship with North 
America, and. . its . historic 
attachment to Roman Catholi- 
cism, offers the, prospect of 
much mischief to the dis- 
advantage : o£ jComnnmism’s 
great enemies. Qufa irm a fy 
and CaphaJ^ At^i^y of 
mate povtetjNsnd^harife’ m>- 
detnocratic .government has., 
prepared a . dhrrate- winch 
makes subverabn a Strong 
temptation, and threatens 
rebdfion not just agairet rulers 
and ruling ^econmnic systems,, 
but also a gains t the faith sriucb 
seems usable to exorcise such 

formal Tep n'di ation j af certain 
“ er r o r s ” which wee stated or 

said to be jmpliecVm various 
writings of the liheation theol- 
ogy school, espj^ily the at- 
tack, on. the /aurch’s own 
authority windt! came . from 
pladng the flpmch within,’ 
rather, than afove, the class 
struggte- The (fcgregatibn can 
smdi ter atfadtohthe creden- 
tials bf tire Tv^isterium a mile 

' The 7in|rnctiti^; . w^ ;.a; 

For those whore prane 
experience of life is affliction 
and distress, violent revolu- 
tion has an obvious eppeaL 
For some of their leaders, the 
explanations and theories -of- 
fered --by Marxism haire tire 
attractions of ampfirity and 
comprehensiveness. And thus . 
in this great Catholic continent: 
has emerged the phenomenon 
of a theology which rakes its 
mind from Marx and its heart , 
from the<3ospeL ' 

It reads ' Latin A meri ca n < 
history as a record of class! 
warfare; it judges theehurchaf 
an accompSce on the wroi^ . 
side; and . it legitiHiiaes ^ 
olence and guerilla action; & 
products of : the dialect^ 
process whidi governs^#* 
conflict of capital and 
That it does so in the Mureof - 
Catholic Christianity tera**/. 
be entirely to tire Wfir*.o* 
Moscow. Neverthel^S , 15 ■ 

much less to tire Hki&#the 
other two parties, f 

A left wing sonthflm conti- 
nent is a North /Ameriran 
recurrent nightmare; and lor.; 
Rome, Marxism f too ten^ 
cious . an enehw. 
ideological subvrfsion te be 
allowed to flourilh under ; tae. 
auspices of faith/The Vancan . 
knows its Mauxind the Pope 
himself is no mean.expett on 
the sulgect. Soqxer or later the 
iheolorians offiberation were 
bound to fad. • thans^ves 

called to accofnL 

That happened in 1984- Af ' 
to- certain ii/vestigations, the 
Sacred Contoaaoa for the 

oacreu . — — ■- 

Do ctrine of me Faith issued a 



wftai 1 had written in die 
British MidicalJouataLlbad pot 

Sriokd benzodiazepine ... 

oemiciote compansOTwith ^ 

SS- I' did not menton 

twice, iefenmg w then* . 

SSt*SS» fc 1 2S5i l S-.' 

year (Man* ^S)- : 

littici dumsy'as ari exdrise in 
doctrinal d&iplme, for it cre^ 
aied a kid of theology . of 
vririch ^ exactly held by 
nobodyiihd wluc* ladced tire 
• nuances Snth which' each 
theokOTfc had -buttressed his 
positior. against the obvious 
charged It was negative, lend- 
ing omfon to those whose 
oppqStion to liberation theol- 
ogy /ad nothing -to do with 
docfmal, purity. . It, .finally,,. 

- seared to letere the people 
fb&nsehres without much 
giklance - if they were not to; ; 
tie up Marxist arms, what 
ware they to do instead? 

J A new and much longer (and 
■ much more positive) treat- 
,Wnt of. the issues has' now 
[appeared from 'the. same 
-source,- .an- “imaraation bn 
Christian . freedom . and 
liberation”, which is mani- 
. festiy frymg to rescue the idea 
of liberation from its ideology 
cal captivity and adopt it as a 
fimdameurai parindple of tire 
church's official doterine. 

1 The more Marxist theolo- 
gians were nor altc^ether 
wrohg to find liberation as an 
imphcxt idea in the ancient 
tradition, it now emerges, for 
tireVaticsi's own version goes 
to much the same- sources the 
Exodns, for instance, and the 
Magnificat - for its founda- 
tions. it aBows conflict be- 
tween dasses as a historical 
reality ^ some, cases, , without 
devatmg it to an article of the 
contemporary creed, and it 
even accepts /that there. 'could 
.be. a -desperate necessity for 
armed revolution, at. least in 
tberity. &it itri^htiy points out 
how- pre-revolutionary ideal", 
ism turns, post victory, into 
vicious re^iressaon, :• George - 
(^weQ’s prophetic truth. 

Principally,, however, the. 
instruction is notable for its 
insistence that the theology of 
libdation ' neetfe hb alien 

In my : ariide^ which wasabont 
. poor sleefclhad referred toshort- 
actjng benzodiazepine hypnotics, 
rand my-^ medical . readers would 
have 'khbwxi. that' these sleeping 
drugs armor the same as the 
be'nzodiazepines classified as 
tranqtulliseis. r even thou^ chemi- 
cally related: Ethyl alcohol and 
methyl alcohol are related, but. 
'■ yoof readers wifl discriminate 

between them . 

In l965, in die British Medical 
Journal . !: pubtished the fixst 
research showirig ^ flat router 
Intake of ihe-benzodiazepine drug. 

- m ir a^p a m: (Mogadon) was fol- 
lowed by wiibdrawal . effects. Al- 
though T Jxavtl spent the' 
te&te^ient 2i years drawing 
attention %4o . the phenomoia oT 
dependence upon benzodiaze- 
jnness 1 bave bera obfiged to 

world-view to sustain its argu- 
ment, for : that of . which it 
speaks is already the central 
concern of the Christian mes- 
sage, salvation from the slav- 
ery of sin. Liberation begins 
with : the person - . purely 
“collective” liberation is an- 
other form of bondage. But 
liberation has necessary. If 
secondary, social implications. 
It is Christian work to work for 
justice. - 

The Vatican document has 
avoided- the worst vices of 
some church commentaries on 
political and economic mat- 
ters: there is no spurious 
pursitit of “equality” in it, nor 
does it; give precedence to 
collective or governmental ac- 
tion. Instead the important 
Catholic principle of 
subsidiarity — that social and 
economic functions should be 
discharged at the lowest pos- 
: sible level of the social order *- 
is employed to enhance per- 
sonal control over life-style, in 
the name of liberation. Small 
is still beautiful (as the Vatican 
should also tell itself) 

None of these ideas is 
entirely novel, and like most 
Vatican documents each page 
is. supported by numerous 
references to earlier Catholic 
authorities. What is fresh is the 
integration of them into some- 
thing approaching a system, 
with liberation and freedom as 
the core. 

Part of the attraction of 
Marxism is its systematic 
character, its appeal to logical 
analysis and its claim to 
scientific authority. The Vati- 
can has set up an alternative 
logic, which boasts - of the 
potency of the Christian, faith 
as a better and more human 
deliverer. And it passes the test 
of internal consistency, and of 
coherence with tire received 
tradition . of Catholic social 
teadmi& That,, in a Latin 
American context, is probably 
its greatest asset. . 

A theology cobbled together 
from bits and pieces, amply to 
meet the political challenge of 
Marxism, would fail, to bear 
the weight that must be put on 
iL If Latin America is to be 
drawn safely away from the 
snares of dialectical materi- 
alism, it will be by a concep- 
tion. of liberation which 
answers the deepest spiritual 
. intuitions of its people. Rome 
has taken up'the .c hdlen gei 

acknowledge that the dependence 

does "not bring- problems, 
approaching those associated with 
btebitorates or alcohol - 

In 1985 a proprietary sleeping 
drug was launched for sale over 
4he counter in the UK. Each sale is 
enough only for eight nights and 
sensible advice accompanies it 
The official decision to license the 
product was in my view justified; 
-some of the short-acting 

^ D ^^f , ^ I1 uulikeiy to bring 
adverse consequences. 

Yours faithfully,.. 


University. Department of 
Psychiatry,- ; f. 

Royal Edinburgh. Hospital, 


April 5. 

Towards a new deal in education 


ing voters into keeping a hold 
of Nurse. 

. Labour’s Fulham victory, 
when all the above factors are 
taken into account, points to a 
general election in which the . 
Tories remain the largest party 
and have a good chance erf 
-• winning a third term outright 
; : But that analysis ignores any 
bandwaggon effect of Labour’s 
victory as depicted in the 
bteuflures and in the jubilant 
speeches of Mf . Nick 
Raynsford and Mr Kinnodc. 
Orpington, initially a freak 
result, sparked offatenporary 
but real revival of liberal 
support It is far from impos- 
sible that Rilham will do the 
same for Labour. 

An early test beckons. In 
1983 Labour candidates 
achieved only 10 per cent and 
17 per cent in the constit- 
uencies of Ryedafe and West 
Derbyshire where by-dections 
win shortly occur. They will 
have to improve considerably 
on those figures to establish 
that a soundlybased Labour 
revival is under way and to 
ghte MrsThatdrer areal fright 

Rilham, meanw hile, should 

not frighten the Government 
into the catatonic policy ad- 
vocated . by Cabinet 
consolidationists. If they show 
signs of panic, the voters do 
not - ■ 

From the Director-General of the 
Confederation qf British Industry 
Sir. Your editorial “Educational 
sabotage** (April 4), seems to lead, 
regrettably, from many of die right 
arguments to the wrong conclu- 
sion. Many CBI members were 
uneasy about the GCSE when it 
was first mooted, fearing a “no 
fiDure" approach stan- 


Only after widespread consulta- 
tions did we conclude that an 
examination system eared to 
different ability levels and with 
specific criteria designed to show 
whai pupils have achieved rather 
than what, by competitive aca- 
demic standards, they have failed 
to achieve .would be in the 
interests of young people and 
employers alike. 

We would endorse, circum- 
spectly, the view of the President 
of the Secondary Heads Associ- 
ation (March 20) that it “should be 
the most invigorating and im- 
portant change in approach, sylla- 
bus content and manner of 
assessment in secondary schools 
this century**. Time wifi tefi, but 
the aim is right. ■ 

Certainly the approach fits with 
all that is being done to establish 
standards of occupational com- 
petence in youth Training. We see 
no conflict with the better under- 
standing of business which “In- 
dustry Year 1986” is promoting 
with so much help from both 
education and industry, nor with 
the Technical and Vocational 
Education Initiative, to which you 
rightly draw attention. 

You counsel the Government to 
baric off for a time and to engage in 
a series of manoeuvres which 
would have perplexed a con- 
dottiere. This is to give too much 
credit to rhetoric, propaganda and 
negotiating ploys, 

- Given the will and the available 
resources for training, the teachers 
could start the GCSE programme 
on time if they wished, and I 
believe that most of them do so 
wish. At least let us give them the 
opportunity to gain the public 
esteem which they seek. 

Yours faithfully,' 


Confederation .of British Industry, 
Centre Point, 

103 New Oxford Street, WC1. 
April 8. 

From the Director cf Education, 
London Borough of Croydon 
Sir, You are right in thinking that 
the idea of “crown schools”, along 
with many other kites being flown, 
w3J not tackle the underlying 

The chapel trail . 

From Mrs Sheila M. Mason 
Sir, In view of our “holiday 
weather”, your readers may be 
glad to hear of a pastime which 
can be enjoyed in all weathers. 
Encouraged by a publication from 
the National Museum of Wales 
entitled Welsh Chapels, we spent 
the recent holiday on a “chapel 
trail" ip North Wales. 

On foot or in the car, we hunted 
out the chapels and were aston- 
ished by the wealth of variety: 
square plan, side-wall fa c ad e, 
gable— ended auditorium, classic. 
Gothic, miscellaneous — all to be 
found within a small radius. Pink, 
bine, beige, red— brick, stone, 
mahi— coloured; Bethania, Mo- 
riah, Ebeneser, Sfloam, Elim, Jeru- 
salem; the permutations seem 

These chapels are very photo- 
genic and furnish excellent ma- 

Busy old bees 

Front the Chairman cf the British 
Beekeepers' Association 
Sr, Id reporting the current 
display of Domesday Book at the 
Public Record Office m London, 
Mr Alan Hamilton (April 3) drew 
attention to some of its interesting 
contents. One fascinating piece of 
information was that throughout 
the country only 16 beekeepe r s 
were listed. 

. This surprisingly low number 
may lead your readers to the 
erroneous conclusion that 
beekeeping was uncommon at that 
time. In truth the craft was widely 
practised by Anglo-Saxon peas- 
ants and one can only speculate 
that the 16 identified were special- 
ists (beo-ceoris) employed by 
_ some larger manors. 

The more detailed Little 
Domesday Book, which contains 
entries for Norfolk, Suffolk and 
Essex lists 1,441 hives in those 
counties. This would be the 
number owned fry the manors 
since the far greater number 
possessed by peasants were not 
required to be registered. 

Extrapolating these figures to 
embrace the whole country, it can 
be reasonably concluded that 
beekeeping was a common pur- 
suit, albeit on a part-time basis. 
Yours faithfully. 

H, R. G RICHES, Chairman, 
British Beekeepers' Association, 

2 South Approach, 




April Sl 

Musical excellence 

&r, Bernard Levin must have had 
ihg Hate of publication in mind 
(April 1) when he invited his 
readers to believe that excellence 

in music is feared by aD the music 
colleges excepting the Royal Acad- 
emy of Music. The only possible 
objection would be to the fa- 
voured treatment , of one institu- 
tion by the Secretary of State. 

The fact thaioiir elder sister has 
chosen to set her cap at a suitor 
who controls eft our purse strings 
. must surely have been expected to 
cause a quaver or two of exate- 

probtems facing the education 
system m this country (leader, 
April 2.) 

You are also right in identifying 
three of these difficulties; a 
curriculum out of touch with the 
needs of a society which increas- 
ingly needs to live by its wits to 
make a living; a curriculum which 
fails to offer the prospect of 
worthwhile achievement to the 
great majority of youngsters; and a 
system of management which 
continues to spend ever increasing 
sums of money without bring able 
to guarantee to everyone basic 
decent conditions for learning in 
terms of buildings, equipment, 
materials and salaries. 

The answers, in my view, lie in 
the following measures. First, the 
Government, representing the 
widest interests of society, should 
accept a more open ami direct 
responsibility for what is taught in 
schools and for its cost, and unite 
the service behind a national 
curriculum in tune with the needs 
of the community as a whole. 
Only Government can do this. 

Second, a more determined 
effort should be made to identify 
die levels of attainment most 
children should reach in key 
subjects at certain stages of then’ 
development and a duty placed an 
the education service to achieve 
them. Everyone talks about stan- 
dards, bat few have any idea what 
these are. 

Third, the system of administer- 
ing the education service at local 
ana national level should be 
reformed to establish a direct 
managerial link between the 
money spent on the education 
service ami the results which are 
expected of it As things are, 
education expenditure bters no 
relation to any educational pro- 

Unfortunately, the measures 
outlined in the recently published 
Education Bffl are designed to 
make each of these aims, which 
form elementary provisions in the 
educational systems of all our 
main industrial and commercial 
competitors, virtually impossible 
to achieve. 

I am. Sir, your obedient servant, 

Director of Education, 

London Borough of Croydon, 
Education Department, 

Tabenier House, 

Park Lane. 




terial for photographs, paintings 
or sketches. They are usually 
locked, but the interiors are 
equally varied when accessible. 

A start can be made in any 
Welsh town or village, however 
small, with surprising results. Can 
any town in Wales boast more 
chapels or a greater variety in a 
small area than Holyhead? Which 
town has the smallest chapel, the 
quaintest, the best-preserved ... ? 

This pursuit could absorb you 
for years. But hurry! Many of these 
buildings are redundant and fast 
disappearing; some of the best 
have gone already. The weather, 
for its part, continues its in- 
exorable destruction of this 
remarkable feature of our heritage. 
Yours faithfully, 


61 Brookhurst Avenue, 

Brom borough, 


April 6. 

Royal ‘rules’ 

From DrJL G. Lawson 
Sr, The Lord Chamberlain has 
recently issued new roles as to the 
commercial exploitation of the 
royal family. There are two points 
to be made. First, and this is some 
anomaly, Sarah Ferguson is not a 
member of the royal family until 
her marriage and hence lies out- 
side the rules until her vows have 
been formally made. 

Second, and far more seriously, 
the Lord Chamberlain’s “rules" 
possess no legal standing whatso- 
ever, yet are treated and published 
as though they had. There is no 
more in the statute books than 
section 12 of the Trade Descrip- 
tions Act 1968 which prohibits 
false indications that goods or 
services of a particular type have 
been supplied to her Majesty or 
any member of the royal family. 
But this is not what the Lord 
Chamberlain's rules are about. 

It is sad, no doubt, that a 
pleasant occasion such as a royal 
wedding should become sullied by 
unseemly commercialism. It is, 
however, yet more disconcerting 
and worrying that “rules" should 
be issued which altogether lack the 
force oflaw. 

May 1 request, through the 
courtesy of your columns, that the 
Lord Chamberlain explains his 

Yours faithfully, 


56 Solent View Road, 


Isle of Wight. 

April 2. 

meat amongst the rest of us 
competing for his favours. 

However, the success of the 
Royal College's centenary appeal 
(£4.8 million to dale), sharing 
many of the staled aims of the 
Royal Academy of Muse, can 
only refute any allegation that we 
would object to plans seeking 
genuinely to unprove educational 

Yours faiihfiiDy. 


Royal College of Music. 

Prince Consort Road, 

South Kensington^ SW7. 

Vatican and the 
State of Israel 

From Rabbi Sidney Brichio 
Sir, Clifford Longley once again 
indicates profound insight into the 
dynamics of imer-fenh relations 
in his analysis of the Vatican's 
attitude to the Jews and the 
Promised Land. He states (March 
31) that the Vatican's refusal to 
recognise the State of Israel is a 
“matter on which many Jews feel 
surprisingly strongly". A careful 
reading of his article; however, 
reveals the reason for the im- 
portance we Jews ascribe to this 

For all Jews, non-Zionists in- 
cluded, the recognition of Israel by 
the Roman Catholic Church 
would be to confirm full accep- 
tance of the rigjht of the Jewish 
people to entertain its own mes- 
sianic hopes alongside those of 

Jewish leaders have appreciated 
the problem posed to Christian 
theology when the despised people 
who rejected Christ following 
2,000 years of exile and humili- 
ation return to Zion, re-establish 
sovereignty and in the miraculous 
Six Day War reconquer Jerusalem 
and take charge of its holy places. 
How can Christianity find room 
for Judiasm triumphant or, as Mr 
Longjey puts it, “a place for the 
Promised Land”? 

Indeed, the Vatican's recog- 
nition of the State of Israel would 
prove once and for all that the 
Holy See had ceased to consider 
the Jews as a rejected race and 
would remove the remaining 
seeds of anti-Semitism in Catholic 
theology. Until the Vatican takes 
this bold step, all declarations of 
tolerance will be mere words. 

Once the right of the Jews to 
possess the Promised Land is 
recognised, the desire to win 
converts among Jews wifi appear 
no different than Rome’s sincere 
wish to share its road to salvation 
with all “non-believers” - the 
right of any religion which be- 
lieves in the ultimate truth of its 

Faithfully yours, 

Union of Liberal and Progressive 

The Montagu Centre. 

109 Whitfield Street, Wl. 

Selling off water 

From the Director General of the 
Royal Society for the Protection of 

Sir. Your report, “Quick sale of 
water boards to raise £5bn" 
(March 24). should be of concern 
to all who value the environment. 
Of all nationalised industries, 
water authorities have the closest 
relationship with the natural 
environment, both because of 
their operational duties (water 
supply, sewage treatment and 
disposal, arterial drainage) and 
their regulatory responsibilities 
(water quality, water abstraction, 
land drainage). 

The RSPB fears that although 
privatisation may provide 
opportunities to seek additional 
safeguards for the environment, 
the Government's proposals for 
environmental protection will be 
inadequate to counteract the 
commercial pressures which will 
be placed on the privatised water 
service pics; environmental dam- 
age is likely to result from efforts 
to reduce costs by lowering stan- 

Much will, depend on the detail 
of the new legislation. The im- 
mediate danger is that in its haste 
to realise “its £5bn pre-election 
boost", the Government wifi not 
permit enough time for consulta- 
tion and derate. 

Already the Government has 
side-stepped one round of 
consultation that it had arranged: 
it went straight from a restricted 
consultation with the 10 water 
authority chairmen to the 
privatisation White Paper, when it 
had promised a public consulta- 
tion paper in between. Such speed 
does not bode well for the environ- 

Yours faithfully, 

IAN PRESTT, Director General, 
Royal Society for the 
Protection of Birds. 

The Lodge, 



No short cots 

From Mr D. Forbes Mackintosh 
Sir, Readers of your admirable 
sports reports may have noticed in 
today's issue two interesting 
observations. John Woodcock, 
writing from the West Indies 
about the infrequency of com- 
pulsory practices for the touring 
Engisb team, says: 

Monday's defeat in The last of the 
one-day internationals was 
England's fifth in succession, an 
unprecedented sequence over all the 
years . . - The batsmen have very 
little confidence left . . . They ought 
all to have practised, whether or- 
dered io or not. 

Hugh Taylor, commenting on 
Heart of Midlothian's record un- 
beaten run m the Scottish Premier 
Football League, writes: 
Macdonald and Jardine (the dub's 
manager and player assistant) say 
"There is do magic formula for 
success. It is mostly hard work mid 
getting the players to believe m 

Admittedly, Hearts have not to 
face Marshalls and Garners and 
Holdings asd Patersons; only 
Hibernian and Celtic and Ranger 
and Aberdeen and Dundee 
United. Even so, m wager that 
their practices arc compulsory. 
Yours etc, 

Bowling Green Cottage, 

Broad well. 

Near Lechladc, . 


April 2. 

APRIL 12 1884 ! 

In the rest of this long article the < 
writer describes the aims of the \ 
agitators, but concludes that 
common sense is liable to 
return to them at any moment, 
and after they become a little more 
Americanized they a>Ql trouble the 
world no more." 1 



NEW YORK. March 25 l 

There are over four million 
Irishmen in America, or people 
having at. least one Irish parent. 
They are pretty weD scattered over 
the whole breadth of the land; but 
the largest bodies of them are in 
the northern cities, the largest of 
all in New York, which is proudly 
called by them l *one of the largest 
Irish cities on the face of the 
earth." It is a Bingnlar fact about 
these people that, when they 
identify themselves thoroughly 
with American ideas and interests, 
they make progress in everything 
that is regarded honourable and 
desirable. But whenever they per- 
sist m remembering that they are 
Irishmen, and they continue to 
brood over matters they have left 
behind them for ever, they remain 

B qpeeinl fl pgfl in the nftwnnimi ty — 

poor, illiterate, and generally dis- 
contented, eminent in local politics 
only as representatives of the bar- 
room interest, and backward in 
every reject There is no prejudice 
in America which hinders an 
Irishman from rising even to a seat 
in Congress, or to considerable 
social influence as soon as he 
becomes American in feeling. It is 
in the We&t and South, and in the 
farming counties of tire East, that 
the Iri& make most progress, or to 
considerable social influence as 
soon as he becomes American in 
feeling, ft is in the West and South, 
and in the fanning counties of the 
East, that the Irish tnolrg the most 
progress. They are widely scat- 
terra, and they intermarry to a 
considerable extent with the native 

population. But in the eastern 
cities they many cmly among 
themselves, and they remain Irish 
clean through. Their highest ambi- 
tion is to have their “rights” 
recognized and to get their “share" 
of the municipal offices. In New 
York they have the majority of all 
the latter. 

The Irish are a curious dement 
in our American communities. 
They speak our language and they 
axe heartily welcome here. The 
majority of them are sober, hard- 
working people, and they oxe given 
every chance to earn good wages 
wwH to get ahead in life. But 
somehow they do not assimilate 
with our people as they ought. The 
Germans are very much better 
c itizens, in spite of the fact that 
they are fond of speaking their own 
tongue and of reading newspapers 
printed therein. They have come to 
stay, however, and they want to be 
identified as Americans. But Bad- 
dy bristles all over with the 
pecularitiee of his race; and be man 
aggressive and uncomfortable phe- 
nomenon in public a ffairs . From 
the moment be lands at Castle 
Garden and "» 1 w 1 hi the air of this 
free country, in which, with a few 
restrictions, every man can do as 
he pleases, his quills stand out in 
every direction, and he never seems 
to be happy unless he is engaged in 
some sort of a row — political 
social, or industrial The way in 
which he takes possession of the 
country » amusing. He regards 
nobody as a real A meri c an except 
himself, and the only positive proof 
that a man can bring that he really 
is an American is, in Paddy's 
estimation, a continual banging 
away in private and public life 
against the British rule of an island 
that he did not like well enough to 
stay in h im se l f . 

It is probable that the Irish 
would assimilate more rapidly with 
American life, and be more con- 
tented, were it not for the continual 
visits of agitators among them. 
They are the men who make all the 
mischief. They are, at any rate, the 
ones who have exposed America to 
the earnest criticsm which we have 
of late seen in the columns of The 
Times, If they would stay away all 
would be welLThe complete failure 
of all the Fenian movements 
originating among the Irish in the 
United States (none of these 
movements ever had a particle of 
sympathy from Americans) left 
that element rather indisposed to 
further action. — 

Slow but sure 

From Mr Robin Risley 
Sir, Can Mr Whailey’s hardy 
tortoise (April 2) be the same one 
whose hatching you once an- 
nounced in the births column of 
The Tinted Writing from memory 
it was in the sum mer of 1 938 and 
the notice read,** TESTUDO, to 
Georgina, wife of O.C.Testudo.a 
son (Wfa alley George)." 

A perceptive journalist, suspect- 
ing that Auntie's leg lad been 
pulled, visited Oxford aday or two 
later and learned that Eights Week 
bad just finished and the Oriel 
Vin had failed to come head of 
the river; that the Hon. Secretary 
of the Oriel College Boat Club was 
George Whalley; that in the 
second quadrangle at Oriel there 
had long been two tortoises on 
whose shells were blazoned the 
college arms and the year the 
college had been head of the river; 
and that a tiny tortoise had just 
appeared beside the other two 
with “lebabod" inscribed across 
ns shell 

For W.G. Testudo to turn up in 
Syna 12 years later and take up 
with his namesake would not, 
surely be beyond the powers of the 
only tortoise ever to have his birth 
announced in The limes. 

Yours faithfully. 


The Old Rectory, 




April 4 

... i 






of glory 

IVo television producer is a 
hero to his film editor Sir 
Him' Wh eMoa, the former 
BBC television managing di- 
rector who died last month, 
was the exception to this role. 

Omnibus (BBCl) began its 
new series with a tribute to 
Wbeldon as the founding fa- 
ther of television arts pro- 
grammes and Alan Tyrer, 
Wheldon's editor on his leg- 
endary arts programme, Mon- 
itor, was among Che assembly 
of great and good programme 
makers whom be inspired — a 
company which included Mel- 
vin Bragg. Humphrey Burton. 
Jonathan Miller, Ken Russell 
and John Schlesinger. 

The programme was a mod- 
el of its kind which conveyed 
affection while avoiding senti- 
ment and paused to glory in 
some of Monitor’s most memo- 
rable films. 

ft was wholly appropriate 
for the current flagship of the 
BBC arts armada to concen- 
trate on Wbeldon as a pro- 
gramme maker. His profile 
emerged as that of a great 
editor who drew the best from 
his associates by a combina- 
tion of high intension, profes- 
sional skill dedication and the 
ability to strike fear into his 
associates' hearts. 

On Channel 4, Iran — A 
Righteous Republic was a film 
made with the combination of 
flair and rigorous analysis of 
which Huw Wbeldon would 
have approved. This was a 
balanced, detailed report of a 
kind which is far too rare in 
current affairs television. 


Louwim Aidwtfe 

Tripping up on 
a bold revival 




In reporting on the state of 
the Islamic Republic of Iran, 
the programme made it dear 
that this was a society inspired 

by vaioes which are held far 

more seriously than any moral 
or religious belief in the West. 
The Islamic revolution of Iran 
is, like the Russian revolution, 
a movement which carries an 
obligation for its adherence to 
export its ideals. 

Tim Hodlin, the 
UDgramme's producer and an 
xperienced commentator oo 
bib affairs, visited the theo- 
Ogical schools in the holy dry 
if Qnm (Qum) to find religions 
sailers from many countries in 
raining there. They learnt 
oreign languages — including 
English — along with the finer 
loints of Koranic 

The influence of these ideals 
was traced to recent terrorist 
activities in the Lebanon, with 
film taken in a secret mosque. 
It was clear that Iran has 
assumed the ideological lead- 
ership of the muslim world. In 
hand with this penetrating 
analysis went the beauty of the 
Iranian landscape, an aesthet- 
ic pleasure which held the 
viewer's attention throughout. 

Celia Brayfield 

“Book by Joe Masteroff. 
Based on the play by John van 
Druten . . ." How 

Isherwood's stories of pre-war 
Berlin suffered in the years 
before Bob Fosse's superlative 
1972 movie adaptation of the 
Kandorand Ebb musical. And 
how movies based on stage 
productions tend to supersede 
the original in the public's 
imagination. “Follow that" 
says the lavishly successful 
screen version. One has to 
salute the producer Paul 
Barnard's boldness in mount- 
ing this, the first full stage 
production of Cabaret for 18 
years, if only because there is 
so little else to salute. That is 
what this show amounts to — 
two and a half hours of 

The constant lure for every 
adaptor has been the central 
luminous image of Sally 
Bowles, the good girl turned 
good-time girl riding her luck 
in a degraded foreign milieu 
with a heady blend of panache 
and vulnerability. The story's 
tragic overtones derive from 
her headstrong determination 
to carry the torch of the 1920s 
into the wrong decade, when 
history was staging its ugly 
comeback: the wolves are 
howling outside the ballroom 
windows, but Sally will not 
accept that the party is over. 

Kelly Hunter looks abso- 
lutely right in the role — a 
marmalade-bobbed moppet in 
a zebra-skin coat — but her 
manner does little to convince 
one that she really has traded 
her hockey stick for a vamp's 
microphone. She is neither 

raunchy enough nor winsome 
enough lor the emotional 
range required, and her sing- 
ing voice sounds at times 
unpleasantly strident 

The cataiystic role belongs 
to Wayne Sleep as the epicine 
MC of the Kit Kat Gub, and 
one can only report that he 
fails to live up to Joel Gray's 
Oscar-winning performance 
in the film. The feet that he 
cannot really sing is less 
damaging than the blandness 
of his dancing, which is slick, 
precise, well oiled and quite 
without feeling. He is. oddly 
enough, more credible as the 
boatered boulevardier of “If 
vou could see her” than as the 
malevolent imp of “Political 
Tap'*. So much control and so 
little impact 

The plot itself has gained 
(or. rather, the film judicious- 
ly combined) the German Mr 
Norris (Rodney Cottam) and 
the old Jewish shopkeeper 
(Oscar Quitak) who woos and 
almost wins Frauiein 
Schneider (Vivienne Martin): 
their relationship provides 
both an ocean of schmaltz and 
die focus for anti-semitic sen- 
timent The production's 
most telling moment comes 
when silhouetted thugs chant- 
ing “Judenrasse!“ hurl blood 
against the shop’s glass doors, 
which open to reveal 
“innocent" passers-by — an 
effect altogether more potent 
than the Nazi salutes that 
elsewhere turn into gracious 

Oat of step: Wayne Sleep as the MC and Kelly Hooter aa Sally Bowles in Cabaret 

The most wasted moment 
arrives when Miss Hunter tells 
Peter Land, our man with the 
co-respondent shoes and the 
Remington, of her abortion; 
he registers shock, slaps her 
face and wheels away in the 
space of a heartbeat, which 
suggests (like so much else 

here) that the director Gillian 
Lynne has sacrificed drama to 
choreography. The acting 
overall is on a lower plane 
than the brisk and enthusiastic 
ensemble dancing 
Mark Thompson’s design is 
an amalgam of sub-Grosz 
murals, lifesize puppet figures 
out of Kokoschka and 
“decadent” costumes. 
Troupes of interesting young 
men flouncing around (for 
“Money") in white bathing 
suits stuck with silver discs, or 
their female counterparts 
strutting the stage (for the title 
number) with slicked back 
hair, dinner suits and murder- 
ous cigarette holders merely 
provide the housewives in the 
house with a giggle, while 
chorus lines of goosestepping 
lovelies done up in 
Wehrmacbi helmets, red tas- 
selled epaulettes and gleaming 
jackboots made your reviewer 
wish he was watching Spring- 
time for Hitler instead. 

The Lower 


boredom remains in the mar- 

gin of Mr IkolTs serif 

The subtitle of Tunde IkolTs 

“contemporary adaptation" 
Side Story, 

Martin Cropper 

of Gorky, An East ___ 
is a topographical whim: none 
of the human jetsam on 
display — an alcoholic former 
teacher, an unemployed car- 
penter, a prostitute, a fake 
African chief an old widow 
and a young thief — has an 
identifiably east London ac- 

The case for contemporane- 
ity is undeniable, since with 
the exception of the thief and 
the prostitute the tenants are 
kept alive by supplementary 
benefit. These are, in other 
words, the lower rather than 
die lowest depths of modem 
society; the despair of absolute 
penury has been replaced by 
state-subsidized apathy. 

In real life, of course, the 
most salient result of this 
condition is boredom, and 

characters, following n 
are too busy en 
with their problems 
squabbles to surrender to 
natural state! 

The dramatically 
intruder, a mysterious 
tenant played with 
authority by Ram John 
er, does indeed attem 
change their state by of 
advice and encouragenu 
recommending the thief 
start a new life in Birmingb 
and persuading the alcoh 
to lock the bottle. R< 
Summers’s twitchy dried-ou 
dipso is an excellent piece 
characterization, and one’s 
tendon is also held by Ru 
Walker's energetic portrayal 
of the sham Nigerian chief and 
Maria Charles's widow. 

Roland Rees's production b 
crisp, intelligent and largely 
unpretentious but the piece 
fails to live up to the possibili- 
ties of its conception. 


Cosmic reality 

.. , i 

* • ' 

There is an enchantment in 
progress on Radio 3 just now 

a dragon was sighted over 
Northafflbna and soon afte- 

auction OI a reauiogu* * ^ one pr esa ge d fee- 

G«rgfcs.Whetb»ibe trtttt^ Not only were drMoirf# 

tion by Robert Wells is &th- bul / » Dr fer 

foi w the texl in Hogarth pointed W tiwir 

scholariywayIdon«kno« of ihc animal 

my Latin has a matter of 

away - but die _ y Satiable record, likewise 

direct and supple and tiJebaSisk and the mnmcac. 

\nd how could it be Other- 
Travel Jcrs wife an ear 

f.‘. “ sail 

V -j. Jfc'r'’. 




ingly evocative, transporting 
the listener back 2,000 years as 
if under a spell. 

The magic originates in the 
interplay of certain elements. 
At one level here is a resolute- 
ly pr t*^X iral disquisition upon 
agricultural management 
founded on acute observation 
and delivered with that brand 
of assurance which is itself a 
sort of poetry. This in turn is 
set within the realm of nature 
as a whole and this again 
within an idea of the world 
and the cosmos as fer as Virgil 
could perceive h — and be 
himself was plainly, rather 
endearingly, aware that this in 
some r e sp ects was not very 
fer. So much cannot be ex- 
plained: why does the sun rise 
and set, why does the sea rise 
and fell? 

Here the poet conveys his 
undemanding that there must 
be a reality beyond what he is 
able to conceive, though not 
necessarily nndiscoverable. 
The translation has proved -a 
ready vehicle for all this and 
the reading by John Franklya- 
Robbins catches its shifting 
tones quite beautifully, from 
the down-to-earth to the cos- 
mic and even, at the end of 
last Tuesday's reading, to the 
Arcadian vision, suggesting 
that, for ail his powers of 
observation, Virgil had a rath- 
er frail appreciation of the 
ruder realities of the peasant- 
farmer’s life. 

We were taken back a mere 
twelve or thirteen hundred 
years by Venomous Corrup- 
tion and the Erf! Eye (Radio 4, 
■Sunday; producer Deborah 
iCohen), back to that day when 

__ . — 

for a good tale, oranactivt 
imagination, car who had be- 
lieved the romances of the 
natives, cams bade, with de- 
tailed eye-witness accounts 
that made the mythical besots 
as real as the giraffe or 
elephant - which woe them- 
selves, God knows, improba- 
ble enough to die inhabitants^ 
of northern Europe- Ham 

was. as Dr Hogarth put it, no 
Isis for di 

rational basis for discrimina- 
tion. It took the arrival of 
Linnaeus (1707-78) to classify 
the mvthics out of existence, 
though there was still much to 
keep them going, and the 
Great Classifier himself was 
obliged to leave Hamburg in a 
hurry after declaring that a 
sniffed hydra, which certain 
dignitaries had hoped to sell at 
a profit, had been febricaled 
And then classification, as it 
tends io. also excluded what 
was not foreseen in its catego- 
ries: in the post-Linnaean 
atmosphere the duckbill platy- 
pus had a bard time proving it 
was not another fabrication. 
By now of course rational 
bases triumph, the basilisk 
and such are swept away, the 
duckbill properly instated. 
Surely we have come on. Wdl, 
yes . . . Bui what about the 
amazingly well-documented 
hisiory of the Unidentified 
Flying Object? What about the 
bizarre and confident asser- 
tions of the more way-out 
health freaks and religious 

David Wade 

..ft* IKS? - * 

■I- . -j •* '■>*• • 







Ballroom Theatre 

Sadler’s Wells 

If you are wondering whai a 
company of ballroom dancers 
are doing ai Sadler's Wells, the 
short answer is that they are 
providing the most complete- 
ly and surprisingly enjoyable 
dance progam me 1 have found 

on any British stage this year. 


They start with the advan- 
tage of extremely attractive 
music, familiar, easy on the 
ear. eminently danceable. 

Sometimes the melodies are 
buried loo deep beneath an 
excessive arrangement but 
most of the pieces flowed 
smoothly. The Pasadena Roof 
Orchestra play with a swinging 
sense of rhythm, and also 
provide the show's setting. 

The right music helps but is 
not itself enough. On paper 
another American company. 
Garth Fagan's Bucket Dance 
Theatre has more varied mu- 
sic, from reggae to Dvorak. 

But they used it boringly, 
like wall paper, to provide a 
flat background to their num- 
bers. and everything looks 
alike, especially as Fagan's 
choreography rarely extends 
beyond stretches and balances 
interrupted by odd fidgety 
bits. So his dancers, all enthu- 
siastic. some rather good, one 
(Steve Humphrey) very good, 
make limited impact. 

However, at Sadler's Wells 
the dancers of American Ball- 
room Theatre respond won- 
derfully well to the music. 

There are four couples, 
nicely varied in looks and 
manner. Gary and Lori Pierce 
have most of the romantic 
numbers, ranging from a 
smooth “Night and Day” to a 
smoochy “Besame Mucho”. 

They also dance a nice light- 
Vhite Tie 

hearted “Top Hat, White 
and Tails" in which he sails 
into soaring cabrioles while 
she keeps the rhythm going 
with her preuy footwork. 

John and Cathi Nyemchek 
are the comedians of the team, 
very nimble too, excelling in 

bravura flurries of steps. They 
also dance “Fascination" with 
the breathless, starry-eyed air 
of a couple who have just 
fallen head over heels in love. 

Richard and Bonnie Diaz 
come into their own in the 
Latin American part of the 
evening, with “Desafinado” 
and a “Tea for Two Cha Cha", 
but. as with the whole team, 
they contribute valuably to 
group dances throughout 

Pierce Dulaineand Yvonne 
Marceau. founders, directors 
and stars of the company, by 
no means hog the attention. 
True, they show a nicely 
humorous flair in the show's 
first featured duet "The 
Continental", but then for 
much of the evening they are 
seen as key members of the 
ensemble. When the reveal 
their full skills near the end, in 
“Misty", however, the effect is 
breathtaking, both 

marvellously co-ordinated 
and fluent It is the highlight of 
a fine show. 

John Percival 


A troubled bride 


The Bartered 



“Did none of these gentlemen 
notice that my model was the 
comic opera of Mozart?" 
asked Smetana. Well, to be 
honest no. Not at least in the 
revival, if such it can be called. 

of Elijah Moshinsky’s one- 

year-old production of The 
Bartered Bride for English 
National Opera. The sunflow- 
ers are going to seed the 
summer grass is still more 
threadbare, and the cast large- 
ly new this time round be- 
have as if the sun and Pilzen 
has been just too much for 

The work itself needs a lot 
of help, particularly when 
spread over a space as large as 
the Coliseum's. The big song 
and dance numbers are pretty 

Italy As \ m Like It! 

Three ^Bai new Expenenros Iroro Ctete. Three special hohday 
programmes leatumg lastinatmg aspects of fcresstfole Italy. 

Vis* the cities Shakespeare found so attractive as sellings lor famous 
plays, or indulge yourseH with the opera at Verona's fabulous Arena 
(both with travel by the mcompartXe Qnert-Express tram). Or bask in 
the gtories of the Viterbo Baroque Muse Festival. 

Citta's Experiences can make yourdreams come true. Ask your travel 
agent id contact us for details of bw Shakespearean. Operate, or 
Baroque Music Experiences, or rmg 01-680 3100 and teU us whrch 
brochure interests you. ^ 

(ii alia the best of Holy ' 

Marco Polo House. 3/5 Lansdowne Road, Croydon CR9 ILL 1 

Visit the grotto 
where Aphrodite bathed, 
and fell in love with Paphos. 

Xuir i lii* jinii-lcss (idling | « »n <<l Pj pirns in Cyprus is (he tiny 
t^n Hln <il Fuiiuiui Anmmsii u lu-tv .\|ilin«liu- is *siiH m Iujxc haihrd in 
the pollen-null li> .i perennial April m. 

Hu - JKiniiiiu «if i In- in ' hiii is liinhK appropriate, because to 
visit Papin i-i fci in kill in Imi- \,jih .1 n-jj,,, - , 
wIiiim* uiLsjjiiili Ih jiiIv and mi, -rest 


ran still mv 

\riu ran still MV Mime ni tin* llnesi 

mosaics in the Mi-din-iT.iiH-.iii Hi -pit iim> the 
aciiriticstiiT ilio ip < J.\ i if. \{k.-icii( t'inxrr. 

You rati still w tin- anrii-m rasilr 
umriiinK ihit ilie k>i) aitir. tin* I'liiflr, I,} (In- 
Killies aid Clin smi| mill it-* Ba-iiii :i. tin- 
Lmirsi early Christian Basil'iiu <m tin island. 

Expend u ts like iIii-m- come In lile 
tin a Swan Hellenic cruise. fcjclj Im aiioii is 
rinuhiy enjoyuUc Uv.tuv we pm it in it*, 
liLsiuriral perspective. 

Anri, .titer dririkiny in all then- L- in 
MV. \nti*l! enjuy riitritssiti^ imtj lliii mnveru 
Inn" 0*4 drink ;il«*ird ship with it lew 
like-minded [Huplr. 

Nw ait Hellenic cruises rii-piri rw-n 
two weeks (rum March in 1 >wiii!ht. Fan-s 
limn Di7[i include in> <st >lti h e r.\ruiM< tie> and 
all in utilities. Fur lull tin ail* cull Hi-- 4 7 7“».4 ‘2 
nr wiur. \B'li\ travel .'mcni. 

But a Ijricrvmrd nl warning. 

Rwof the g4w*ig wmol PsO 

ftil Jjiltti nakerf in tin* jkhJ fl IP X 1 

lends lnl»*fw«i\ii,-rl ujhhi ihm.kLiss. tl K.*lVllSfS< ^ filHL'. 

B|B|BlEH5|S|E|B|ElE|Siggi3lB|B BlB|B|BlEl 


Four into one goes so smoothly 

thinly spread through the 
string of business deals, comic 
cameos and gentle m usings on 
love through which the plot 
makes its attenuated progress. 
And David Ritch, who is 
responsible for this staging, 
makes little attempt in the 
first act to distract us from fee 
painful filling in of genealogies 
required of poor Jenik and 
Mafenka. Exits and entrances 
in lines parallel to fee horizon, 
and static conversations in 
front of a farm cart hang in fee 
middle of the greensward do 
have a way of reinforcing 
rather than relieving the 
score's tendency to repetition 
and symmetry. 

Peter Hirsch, making his 
debut in fee pit, conducts wife 
care, precision and a certain 
affection, but never wife quite 
enough sense of flair or comic 
panache to make one do 
anything but simply long for 
them to send in fee downs. Ai 
last the circus comes to town. 
The Ponck family more than 
earn their keep in downing, 
juggling and tightrope walk- 
ing; and if further distraction 

Angela Feeney and John Tiehaven 

were needed, terry .lemons as 
Ringmaster hk gathered to- 
gether a handbf of new in- 
jokes for the mouse: Mark 
Richardson's Idtian is now a 
real “Parsee-fdL Siegfried 
Geronimo, appe^ing at short 
notice". Ouch. 

But the third ad is also fee 
point at which theW princi- 
pals come into then own. Life 
had not been easyfor either 
John Treleaven’s \stalwart, 
sturdy Jenik or\ Angela 
Feeney's demure Mafenka in 
fee first 

Feeney's bright soprano had 
warmed to her relationship 
wife Alan Woodrow's stam- 
mering Yasck, while 
TreJeaven had been able only 
to tiptoe through the clipped 
rhythms (not helped by this 
translation) of his famous 
bartering duet wife Richard 
Van Allan's dour, witty, ideal- 
ly cast KecaL As yet they make 
an uneasy pair in a production 
-still curiously ill at ease wuh 

two acts, \chough 

Hilary Finch 

Delme Quartet 
Goldsmiths’ Hall 

The Delme Quartet does not 
introduce new works from a 
sense of duty, nor do the 
members allow a missionary 
view to alienate the listener, 
one has the impression that 
they delight in sharing some- 
thing worthy, yet unfamiliar. 
The first performance of Mal- 
colm Singer's Quartet, com- 
missioned by the City Music 
Society, was a case in point 
The composer dispenses wife 
conventional sonorities and 
makes expensive use of mutes 
and harmonics. 

The technique of superim- 
posing fragmented melodic 
snatches in the highest register 
on a rhythmically insistent 
accompaniment demanded 
much of the Delme in varying 
the balance between instru- 
ments. But in terms of virtuos- 
ity their precision in the 
opening movement’s repeated 
syncopation and the “busy 
chromatic buzz” of the moto 
perpetuo-like finale fully rose 
to the pin-point detail in the 
piece's myriad idea. 

Even if fee eloquent urbani- 
ty of Haydn's G Major quar- 
tet. Op 54 No 1 was 
predictable: the delight of 
hearing four players meld as 
one never waned. They do not 

throw the music at you - one 
is invited to participate in fee 
interpretative process. 

The Delme Quartet ap- 
proached the deep lyricists of 
Sibelius's only mature Quartet 
wife a mellowness of sound 
more often associated wife a 
string orchestra. It was con- 
veyed in a quietly loving, if 
unreal, gentleness. Never was 
one aware of an individual 
playen one focussed on fee 
body of sound. Where the 
tempo moved into piu allegro 
in the finale I suspected feat 
fee standard of play might fall 
off, but it was a tribute to fee 
Delme's professional! sts that 
they were able to give full vent 
to fee enthralling bravura. 

James Methnen- 

Festival Hall 

The last time I saw Carl Davis 
in charge of an orchestra he 
bad cut up some rather re- 
vered music by Beethoven 
into small bits, pasted them 
together in a different order, 
added a liberal sprinkling of 
repeat marks, and was using 
this papier mache masterpiece 
to accompany an interminable 
silent movie called Napoleon. 

Now he has been appointed 

associate conductor of the 
London Philharmonic Or- 
chestra. One trusts that his 
new responsibilities wfl] cot 
include wielding fee scissors 
too often on Beethoven. 

This was the blandest mu- 
sic-making I have beard since 
I inadventently caught the 
James Last Orchestra on tele- 
vision. Ravers Mother Goose 
suite drifted by in an undiffer- 
entiated haze. 

The orchestral cohesion was 
more or less maintained but 
fee pace was utterly unvaried. 

He was livelier in Rimsky- 
Korsakov’s Scheherazade, not 
surprising because fee score 
has long been a happy hunting 
ground for film composers. 
Even here, though, some of 
the wind soloists indulged in a 
rhythmic licence feat stopped 
not far short of mutiny. 

StilL the evening had its 
compensations. In Mozart's 
Flute and Harp Concerto one 
could be dazzled by the harp- 
ist David Watkins's glittering, 
Liberace-styfe jacket, if not by 
his fingerwork. The flautist 
Jonathan Snowden did, how- 
ever, give a well-pointed and 
spritely performance. 

And one could always fill in 
fee LPO’s audience-research 

questionnaire to while away a 
few of Scheherazade's 1,001 


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April 12 - 18, 1986 


A weekly guide to 
leisure, entertainment 
and the arts 


* # ' JIV 

'.if jy : 

i-'-^eWSiaK iJi 

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Show people; Cliff Richard, Dave Clark (Time), Elaine Page, Tin Rke, Hal Prince (Chess), Andrew Lloyd Webber, and Sarah Brigbtman (Phantom of The Opera), all helping to pack musicals into the West End 

Tills are alive to the sound of music 

T wo summers ago 
it was noted with 
some amazement 
that 13 London 
theatres, roughly 
one-third of the 
mainstream total, were staging 
musicals of one kind or anoth- 
er — an all-time high. By the 
middle of this summer that 
total may well have risexr to 
20, in wh ich foerewjQbe . 
musicals in almost half the 
theatres in toe West End 
. rather more than twice the 
number that are currently on 
Broadway, the traditional 
home ground. 

To add insult to American 
injury, of .the 10 musicals 
currently open on Broadway, 
only one is playing to capacity 
houses and that is the all- 
British Cats, while its near- 
rivals include another Lloyd 
Webber (Song and Dance) and 
the Dickensian Edwin Brood 
starring our own CJeo Laine 
and George Rose. Only one 
new American musical (Bob 
Fosse's Big Deal) has been 
announced for the current 
New York season, and hopes 
for the autumn are pinned on 
sucb London imports as Les 
Miserable s and Starlight 

Unsurprisingly, two of 

Broadway's leading music 
men are currently in Britain: 
Hal Prince is working on 
Lloyd Webber’s Phantom of 
the Opera for the autumn, ana 
Larry Fuller is directing a&d 
choreographing the current 
Cliff Richard extravaganza. 
Time, at toe Dominion. The 
one acknowledged genius of 
the current American musical, 
Stephen SoDdbfinv has noth- 
ing on Broadway ait present, 
but Pacific Overtures is com- 
ing to Manchester next 
month, A Funny Thing Hap- 
pened on ike Way to the 
Forum is due at Chichester in 
August, and there is toe 
chance of a major London 
premiere for Follies this year. 

This transatlantic shut of 
the musical power-base has 
come swiftly and unexpected- 
ly. Ten years ago the West End 
was just another slop on the 
road tour that led out of New 
York. The idea of an interna- 
tional premiere in London 
was just about unthinkable. 

Indeed in the whole history 
of 20th-century theatre before 
Cots, less than half a dozen 
London musicals had ever 
really succeeded in New York: 
Coward's Bitter Sweet in the 
1930s, Sandy Wilson's The 
Boy Friend in the 1950s, Bart’s 

die’s deaf and blimi 



For the rest of her life she will neither see nor 
hear - her only senses are touch, smell and taste. 

The RNID cares for her in its unique residential 
centre at Bath where she is at home with her 
friends - although totally dependent on others. 

We could do more for Samantha and for others 
like her - given the money. 

If you care you can help us to help them by 

providing the money we so urgently need. 

Their smiles will say ‘thank-you’. 

Tk. RNID’s other service include medical 

and extensive scientific,. technical, 

SSrional, welfare and information servmes. 

RpjIUThe Royal National 

Institute for the Deal 

rtc ** C 01- IS? Sail, 

- «*f \t*:p***+ *******' 1 **“*'’" 

This week’s opening of Time, albeit to cool reviews, brings yet another 
musical to the West End, which is now staging more than Broadway. 
With others on the way, Sheridan Morley asks where the genre is heading 

Oliver and the New- 
iry/Bricusse Stop the World in 
the 1960$, and that was about 
it. In toe last decade or so, 
Lloyd Webber- alone has 
achieved that many hits on 
Broadway (Cats, Evita, Jesus 
Christ Superstar and Joseph), 
while for many other manage- 
ments the West End rattier 
than the West Side has be- 
come toe place to start a big- 
band show. 

Not only do we now have 
the choreographic and back- 
stage talent that was once a 
unique property of New York, 
we also have more sensible 
balance sheets. Currently the 
two big London musicals in 
rehearsal, Time and Chess, are 
said to be in budget trouble for 
each exceeding estimates of 
about £2 million. Looking on 
the dark side of these balance 
sheets, let os assume they 
finally get toe curtain up for 
£3m each. A lot of money by 
London standards, perhaps; 
yet to get the curtain up on the 
Broadway first night of La 
CageAux FoUes (due into the 
Palladium next week) in Au- 1 
gust 1983, the management 
were looking at $6 million. 

True, that management was 
also able to start charging $47 
a ticket on a Saturday night in 
New York, against a £15 top 
here; but London can still 
prove surprisingly economic 
in its backstage budgeting. 

Recently toe impresario 
Cameron Mackintosh (co-pro- 
ducer with the RSC of Les 
Miserables, co-producer with 
Lloyd Webber of Cats and the 
only West End manager to 
specialize in musicals) re- 
leased his Cats accounts for 
one week of last year. 

hat those ac- 
counts re- 
vealed was 
that, on av- 
erage, Cats 
at the New 
London in Drury Lane takes 
just over £100,000 a week at 
the box-office on an original 
investment of just £500,000, a 
West End record in 1981. Of 
that £100.000, cast salaries 
take about a fifth, the theatre 
rental is £1,600, and other 
costs (publicity, theatre staff- 
ing, wardrobe replacement, 
insurance) account for about 
£15,000. Then there are 
£1,500 royalties to Lloyd 
Webber and the T.S. Etiot 
estate, taking total miming 
costs to about £70,000 a week. 

Cats therefore shows a clear 
profit of just over £30,000 a 
week for its investors. By the 
middle of last year, four years 
into its run, it was showing an 
overall profit of some £4 

Cats on its present world- 
wide record will prove toe 
most successful musical of toe 
1980s. The fed that it was 
totally created in this country 
has focused more than any- 
thing else toe eyes and ears of 
musical producers bn 'the 
West End. But looking down 
what would appear to be a 
thriving catalogue of shows 
old and new, certain, warning 
bells ring. 

First of all, toe 20 musicals 
currently, or .soon, to be, on 
offer break down info certain 


ail-ioo-familiar categories. 
There are the rock and pop 
necrophilia shows ( Judy about 
Garland, Lennon about John, 
Are You Lonesome Tonight ? 
about Elvis). Then there are 
Lloyd Webber's “events", 
Cats and Starlight , neither of 
which have recognizabte 
books of any kind. Then there 
are toe Amadeus off-shoots — 
lives of the great composers — 
in After Aida and CafePucd- 
nL There are the movie musi- 
cals, 42nd Street , Seven Brides 
for Seven Brothers and Gigi, 
and toe Broadway revivals 
(Guys and Dolls and Barman) 
and the West End revival of 
the Lambeth Walk singalong 
(Me and My Girl, due for 
Broadway this summer). 

It may be too early for an 
accurate definition of 77m* or 
Chess, though it is surely fair 
to suggest that toe advance 
publicity has sold toe former 
on its spectacle and toe latter 
on its already chart-topping 
score. Neither is being sold as 
a "book" show, in which plot 
is of much importance. 

What we seem to have, 
therefore, are golden oldies or 
new spectaculars. The one 
great star of the West End 
musical of toe 1980s in my 
view is John Napier, the 
designer of Cats and Starlight 
and Les Mishrabtes, the man 
who is now building Time at 

the Dominion and will then 
move Phantom at Her 

But this, even at its most 
brilliant, is essentially 
Disneyland Theatre. It has 
nothing to do with narrative 
content and it is here that the 
British musical is now most 
vulnerable. Hit shows at the 
moment aren’t actually about 
anything very much. 

The need to limit toe finan- 
cial risk by pre-selling shows 
on disc, the need to make 
them immediately acceptable 
to tourist audiences who may 
well not have English as a first 
language, has led to a level- 
ling-off of storybnes. At pre- 
cisely the moment when good 
classical directors are coming 
into musicals (T revor Nunn of 
the RSC currently has Cats 
and Les Miserables and the 
more debatable Starlight to 
his credit, as well as a planned 
Porgy and Bess at Glynde- 
bouroe and Chess) scripts 
have reached an all-time low. 

Only in the great and good 
Les Miserables, which opened 
to a shamefully grudging Press 
in this country, and in the 
National's bland revival of 
Threepenny Opera, will you 
currently find a London musi- 
cal with any claim to social 
commentary, and by no small 
coincidence one comes from a 
century-old Victor Hugo clas- 


“ B “y» 

New spectaculars: posters for two . 


Aprfl 12: Wonderful Town 
by Leonard Bernstein, first 
major English revival bn 30 
are, with Maureen Lipman 
'afford Palace). 

16: Annie Get Your 
Gun by Irving Berfln, first major 
revival here m 30 years, 
with Suzi Quatro (Chichester! 
AjxB 23: HMS Pinafore (Old 

Aprfl 30: Pacific Overtures 
by Stephan Sondheim. British 

> (Forum, 

May 7s La Cage aux FoSea 
wfm George Hearn and Denis 

Oukfley (London Palladium). 
Stay 8: Sevan Brides for 
Seven Brothers returns to the 
west End (Pnnce of Wales). 
May 14: Cnees by Tim Rice 
and and Abba, with Elaine 
Paige and Murray Head 
(Prince Edward). 

June 19: Charlie Girl 
(Victoria Palace). 

August A Funny Thing 
Happened On The Way To 
The Forum, first major 
revival of the Sondheim work 
in 25 years, with Frankie 
Howerti (Chichester). 
September Phantom of 
the Opera by Andrew Uoyd 
Webber & Richard Stitaoe 
(probably Her Majesty s). 


After Aida (Old Vic): Are 
You Lonesome Tonight 
(Phoenix); Barman Victoria 
Palace until April 26V. Cafe 
PuceM (Wyndham s); 

Carman Jonas. British 
premiere (Sheffield 
Crucible); Cats (New London); 
42nd Street (Drury Lane): 

(tigi (Lyric); Guys and Dote 

(Prince of Wales); Judy 
(Strand): Lennon (Astoria); Les 
Miserables (Palace); Me 

(PSccadfflyk Pajama Game 
(Leicester Haymarket Tour): 
Star&gtit Express (Apotto, 
Victoria): The Threepenny 
Opera (National); Tima 
{Dominion, London). 

sic and the other from toe 
first-ever musical. John Gay’s 
Beggar's Opera, by way of 
Brecht and Weill half a centu- 
ry ago. 

One of the reasons why 
even in toe current musical 
boom we have seen barely half 
of Sondheim's shows over 
here (and not one of the scores 
he has written since Sweeney 
Todd in 1979 ) is that toe idea 
of a thoughtful musical still 
frightens backers and audi- 
ences alike. 

Far and away the best 
English musicals of the 1 980s, 
Willy Russell’s Blood Brothers 
and Howard Goodall's The 
Hired Man, never made real 
money at London box-offices 
precisely because they con- 
tained no international pop- 
rock hits, no scenery that 
convened into spaceships, no 
bland biographies of dead 
stars. Nor were they especially 
up-tempo. Instead they were 
thoughtful, intelligenu some- 
times despairing looks at the 
state of the nation past and 

B ut somewhere be- 
tween Disneyland 
and the Eurovision 
Song Contest, be- 
tween lavish spec- 
tacle and already- 
familiar pop hits, there has to 
be a future for the genuinely 
new musical, even if we can 
only now expect them at toe 
rate of about one a year. 

Jn all fairness it was Webber 
(whose now-public musical 
production company has ac- 
quired a stock market valua- 
tion of over £35 million since 
it was floated last January) 
who used the profits of such 
events as Starlight to finance 
The Hired Man, and when 
they come to write the history 
of toe musical theatre there 
will not be much doubt that 
the most profitable of those 
two shows did at least pay for 
toe most important of them. 

Yet despite the changes and 
the many advances that have 
overtaken the general state of 
the British stage musical in toe 
last 10 years, there remains 
one central difference between 
the perception of toe song- 
and-dance show in the West 
End and its perception on 
Broadway, a difference which 
explains most of the others. 

On Broadway, in the midst 
of this immensely lacklustre 
season, I was solemnly told 
that "one big musical could 
turn this whole thing around.” 
A musical hit there changes 
the whole face of toe Ameri- 
can theatre. Over here, there 
is no way that a single musical 
hit can turn around a bad 
season: we just don't credit the 
genre wilh that much 

When Trevor Nunn took a 
sabbatical from the RSC to 
direct Cats, which will proba- 
bly prove to have been toe 
greatest theatrical success of 
his entire working life and 
certainly toe most profitable, 
he was vaguely regarded as on 
vacation from his "real'’ work 
at Stratford. 

If this isa time to celebrate a 
new-found confidence in Lon- 
don musicals, it is also a time 
to recognize the limitations; 

were it not tor Kice and Lloyd 
Webber (neither of them infal- 
lible. as Jeeves and Blonde! 
established) we would be 
hard-pressed to talk of a 
native revival at alL 

Musicals always thrive in 
thin times. What was true for 
Busby Berkeley in the Holly- 
wood 1930s has been proved 
true again as 42 nd Street 
comes bade to us 50 years 
later. An audience that has 
trouble finding toe money for 
its tickets nevertheless likes to 
see where that money has 
gone, and huge sets or lavish 
costumes fulfil an escapist 
need. They also pose no real 

In reaction to the sheer gloss 
of such Broadway and Holly- 
wood nostalgia, the best musi- 
cals of our time live on the 

razor's edge, which is where 
you'll find Jurnwy Todd and 
Blood Brothers and Les 
Mis'erables. In them may well 
lie toe survival of the form as 
anything but mindless, it 
might be better to end up with 
a slit throat from Sweeney 
than a broken neck from 
looking too far back over your 
shoulder at Rodgers and 
Hammerstein. But I could still 
be willing to take bets on an 
Ivor Novello Festival at Drury 
Lane before the decade is oul 

Sheridan Money's Spread A 
Lime Happiness, a history of 
the 20th-century London stage 
musical from Chu Om Chow 
to Cness, will be published by 
Thames and Hudson in 


Capitalist bandit 
Bernard Levin 
peers behind the 
curtain in 
Hungary, page 13 

Arts Diary 






Ow and About 




















Rock & Jazz 


Eating Ow 










Tra*eJ 12, 


Cream Up NO 37 

Tempting bait 
for the whole 

Creamy Fish Savoury. 

This tasty fish dish Is ideal for 
quick suppers or weekend lunches. 

Chop 2 hand boiled eggs. Mix with 
225 g (8ozs) cooked flaked flsh 
and put in a greased, ovenproof dish. 

Pour over 150 ml ( l '« pint) 

Single Cream and sprinkle with 50 g 
(2 ozs) grated English cheese. 

Pop under a hot grill for 10 minutes. 

Garnish with lemon twists and 
sliced tomatoes. This will serve 2-4. 

One taste and ihey'D 
be hooked. 

with the 


( Edited by Shona Crawford Poole TRAVEL . _ — — - — 

Curtain raisers: in Albania, Christopher Portway discovers a few chinks in the armour-plate of an otherwise grim society* 


iron fists 

I t was 15 years since I last 
visited Albania and from the 
start of the latest tour J 
became aware of improved 
conditions: there was less menace 
in the short walk we had to make, 
unescorted. across the no man's 
land between the Yugoslav and 
Albanian customs; everything was 
more relaxed, the tommy-gun 
toting Albanian sentry offering a 
shy smile and half-hearted 
denched-fist salute at our ap- 
proach. Bibles and religious litera- 
ture remained a forbidden import 
but my newspaper, after perusal of 
its pages, was relumed to me. 

The first of a great multitude of 
the late Comrade President Enver 
Hoxha’s utterances thrust itself at 
us. “Even if we have to go without 
bread, we Albanians do not violate 
principles. We do not betray 
Marxist-Leninism”. His dour 
words offer the key to any form of 
understanding of modern-day 

The authorities profess a dis- 
dain for hard currency — although 
thev admit to its usefulness — so 
Aibturist. the state tourist organi- 
zation. does not go in for conven- 
tional money-making activities. 
Instead, it concentrates on dis- 
pensing education: it takes its 
clients in well-chaperoned groups 
around the country showing them 
factories, schools and collective 
farms, all the while offering a 
commentary upon the life of bliss 
lived by Albanians. 

Aibturist hotels - proliferating 
and improved but still below the 
standards which the rest of eastern 
Europe can maintain — dispense 
the minimum of comfort plus 
meals of basically good food l the 
vegetables are very good) which 
are ruined by indi fferent service, 
unattractive presentation and a 

distressing inability to keep hot 
food hot- The fruity red wine IS 
drinkable: the beer weak and 
scented. Bui together with roki 
and an excruciating brandy, all are 
remarkably cheap. 

The visitor wishing to make 
contact with the ordinary Albani- 
an has a daunting task. This is not 
caused by the language barrier 
alone — there is another, more 
disturbing hurdle: Albania, togeth- 
er with neighbouring Greece, has 
undergone an unenviable history 
of invasion, conquest and subju- 
gation by Romans, Illyrians. 
Turks, Italians, Germans and 

This, coupled with her savage 
application of unadulterated 
Marxist-Leninism which has lost 
her the friendship of allied Com- 
munist nations such as Yugosla- 
via. the Soviet Union and China, 
gives Albania a reason to apply her 
isolationist policies to a fanatical 

From the age of three children 
are taught to be “vigilant for the 

enemy within and without" so 
that they grow up behind a shield 
of suspicion that is not easy to 
penetrate. This fear of infiltration 
or invasion is intentionally carried 
to a ludicrous extreme. The coun- 
try is, literally, an armed camp. 
The terrain bristles with concrete 
bunkers, out-of-date anti-aircraft 
guns crown many a hilltop, artil- 
lery emplacements cover the 
beaches and. in unison with the 
endless rhetoric and glorification 
of Enver Hoxha, the repetitive 
dogma urging vigilance and 
watchfulness drips from every 
wail and banner in the land. 

' .'4 -; 

vl- . ■ 

Always on die look-oat: the 18th-century Turkish watchtower on the shares of Lake Batrint in southern Albania 

A Fiat coach was our 
vehicle for the 1 1 -day 
tour of the country, a 
tour on roads little im- 
proved over the years. Albanians 
are not permitted to own a car so 
traffic is limited to slow-moving 
lorries, clapped-out buses and 
bullock carts and, in the towns, a 
surfeit of people. A visitor is 
immediately struck by the volume 
of idling crowds everywhere. The 
boast of no unemployment may or 
may not be true, but assuredly 
there is a great deal of visible 
loafing and massive overmanning 

I travelled with Regent Holi- 
days who run three tours and one 
static sojourn (based in Tirane) 
each year. The tours cover much 
of the country with one and two- 
night stop-overs in Shkoder, Dur- 
res, Sarande. Korce. Berat and 
Tirane. plus the first and last night 
in Yugoslavia's Titograd. Shko- 
der. in the north, is the introduc- 
tion; apart from the ruins of its 
Illyrian Rosafat Castle and the 
elegant Venetian bridge of Mes 
over the Kir Skm river, there is 
little to observe of sightseeing 


^|pg| | 

Rooms with a view: from Batrint, 
across the Adriatic, lies Corfu 

quality so the programme is filled 
out by visits to a cable factory (not 
to be recommended to British 
factory safety inspectors) and a 
kindergarten in which it will be 
noted that the first line oh page 
one of a tot's English exercise book 
reads “This is a rifle". 

The capital Tirane, has expand- 
ed since I was last there and its 
huge Scanderbeg Square is now 
lined by the National Bank, 
National Museum, the Soviet- 
built Palace of Culture, the old 
Ethem Bey Mosque (now firmly a 
museum), and the 15-storey Tira- 
ne Hotel, renowned as the most 
comfortable lodging in Albania. 

All there is to see in Tirane can 
be viewed from the square and 
New Albania Boulevard, so I took 
myself off by train into the 
countryside since, unlike 15 years 
ago. nobody had actually told me 
that lone excursions were forbid- 
den. In 1970. when I was based at 
Durres. I had covered the whole of 
the Albanian rail network over 
several days without trouble, but 
this time I returned to an official 
reprimand — though too late to be 
denied an enjoyable five-mile 

walk across the valley below Kruje 
in the company of the friendliest 
of Albanian villagers. 

For me the far south is the most 
attractive region of the country. 
Gjirocaster is a beautifully pre- 
served old town where many of 
the medieval houses retain their 
original stone. The fortress has 
been transformed into a museum 
of weapons and the house — much 
rejuvenated — where Hoxha was 
bom is a place of pilgrimage. 

S arande, fating Corfu across 
the straits, has the air of a 
french Riviera resort ex- 
cept for the empty shops, 
screaming red hoardings and po- 
lice patrol boats scurrying across 
the bay. Just half an hour away, 
close to the Greek border, is 
Butrint, an extensive site of 
Illyrian, Greek and Roman relics 
and well worth seeing. 

To the north, at Apollonia. there 
is another ancient site which 
includes a Greek temple that 
holds, surprisingly for an inexora- 
bly atheist state, a number of 
beautiful portraits of Christ. Berat 
contains some handsome streets 

of 19th-century houses in its old 
quarter, dominated by castle ru- 
ins, but Korce. so far as I could 
see. offers little so Aibturist fells 
bade on more industrial visits 

The tour takes in Pgoradec on 
-Lake Ohrid, shared with .Yugosla- 
via. and EJbasan where, hidden 
behind old walls, decorous houses 
and old locked churches can be 
found. Children, happily defying 
authority by repeatedly crossing 
themselves, insisted upon leading 
us to the churches for the reward 
of chewing-gum or ballpoint pens. 

. Tbe road to Durres crosses the 
dramatic Krrabd Pass, giving 
views of the lake and a reputedly 
redundant steelworks, and at Dur- 
res you have the sea again. Tbe 
Italian-built Adriadk Hotel stands 
on the best beach on the Dalma- 
tian coast. two miles from tbe 
town. Again, there is little to see 
there. So, the eroded Roman 
amphitheatre "done". Aibturist 
found an excuse to take us to 
another school, this time to hear 
teenagers trill gushing odes to the 
only God they know — Enver 


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.and in Hungary, not even notorious Capitalist Bandit Bernard Levin is an Unperson 

Budapest is a city of- but 
what have we here? Can it be 
vue that Levin, notorious 
Enemy of the People and 
Capitalist Bandit, has been 
altoiyed into even the most 
relaxed dominion of the Sovi- 
et Empire? He has; more to' 

Point, perhaps, he has 
been allowed out again, and a 
fascinating time he lad. too, 
as you shall bear. 

Budapest, then, is a city of 
panoramas, made up mainly 
of hills and water, it has some, 
of the most beautiful urban 
views in all Europe. Buda and 
Pest (the only way for a visitor 
to remember which is which is 
by the use of a mnemonic — 
Buda is over here, and Pest 
over there, and vice versa) are 
separated by the Danube, 
which flows with a majestic, 
unhurried stateliness beneath 
the splendid bridges, though it 
is no bluer here than in 

. From the Buda (or Pest) 
side -the view across the river 
is dominated by the lovingly 
restored Royal Palace; from 
Pest (or Buda) the view is 
anchored by the noble Parlia- 
ment building. (“Our Parlia- 

Foreign visitors 
outnumber the 
entire population 

meot is rather like yours", 
they said, and I was about to 
sway when they added dial 
they meant the neo-Gothic 
architecture. But they didn't 
seem to mind discussing, the 
contents as well; the Workers’ 
Party, they explained, was the 
only one. Fancy!) 

There are some marvellous 
buildings: the Matthias 
Church, a rare example of 
painted Gothic; the massive 
Castle complex; the Citadel, 
which crowns Geflert Hill and 
offers a view of the whole city; 
the handsome new airport, 
rife with marble; the neo- 
Renaissance Opera House, its 
interior lavishly and beautiful- 
ly painted; Gundefs Restau- 
rant, in charming Art 
Nouveau; the National Gal- 
lery, which has some of the 
most implausibly attributed 

Sunday May 4, 1988 - £729 

Fly at twice the speed of sound -1340 mph 
to this beautiful and historic city on the 
second ever Concorde flight to Hungary 

'Ent e rt a atment during the erase g 

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/HUsroans. f 

•Budapest City Tour. . £ 


• VIP. Wekome Reception. 
‘Gab bach on the Danube mb 
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and brandy. 



1 1 s? !• * % i*j 0 Mv X* $ 

Choose a DB'fouristCard 
foryour holiday or 

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there* so much more to 

Travel anywhere for as Bttle 

as £7.45 a day with a 9 day 
card. Even less for 16 days. 

I FLEXIBILITY 4. 9 or 16 days 
Tourist Cards. First or Second 
Class. A 4 day card costs 
just £44. 

I FREEDOM. Explore the 
beauty of West Germany 
from the Baltic to Bavaria 

t COMFORT Relax as the ever- 
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passes your window seat 

i REUABLfTYWeofferyoua 
superb service, last modem 
InterOty trains RnJcafl the 
main centres, 
i CONVENENCE. fly into 
Frankfurt or Dusseldorf and 
your train b waiting at the 
airport station. 

DB Rambles also offer an 
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in on velvet gloves 

bad pictures I have ever 
the Hilton Hotel, which incor- 
porates, 'sensitively arid strik- 
ingly, parts of a 13th-century 
abbey and the facade of a 
1 7tb-century Jesuit college. 

Hungary, which is desperate, 
for hard currency, 'long ago 
decided that tourism must be 
encouraged; so, however, did 
Bulgaria, add even Arthur 
Scargill found that place foil- 
ing rather short of a Socialist 
paradise. The Hungarians re-, 
alized that western visitors 
will not come in their' num- 
bers if inefficiency reigns, and 
by hard woric and forming out 
much of the botel-buflding to 
western concerns (as wefl as, 1 
i m agi n e, . the staff training) 
.they have achieved a status 
unique in the eastern bloc 
practically everything works. 

The consequence is that 
foreign visitors to Hungary 
every year greatly outnumber 
the entire population of the 
“country, and the influx is still 
growing. But the Hungarians 
also realized that western 
visitors will not come in 
crowds if there are too many 
visible signs that it is not a free 
country. The hideous Soviet 
“Liberation” memorial has no 
soldiers at nil guarding, it, let 
alone. Russian ones, and this 
may stand as a symbol of the . 
easier atmosphere of Hungary, 
even though — which they do 
not tell you — an enormous 
proportion of the Hungarian 
armed forces is officered by 

Foreign newspapers, other 
than Communist ones, of 
course, are not available in 
ordinary shops and news- 
stands, but they are to be 
found in the hotels patronized 
by westerners, and in mine 
there were The Times, be 
Monde,' the Frankfurter 
AUgemeine and La Stampa, as 
well as the Herald-Tribune 
(and Izvestia, for which sales 
did not seem to be brisk); 
there was nothing I could see 
to stop a Hungarian dozen 
going into one of the bold 
kiosks and buying such forbid- 
den fruit, though no doubt if 
he did it every day for a 
fortnight somebody would 
make a telephone call to 
somebody else. And there is 
other evidence that the Hun- 

*■* — j. '^vv'te 

(TV- — 

•r if . if — - .... f — v - r. - . 1 

-r-i- r,.<^ # L 

f -• f ■ >fe« 

‘ i MW!* - * * S 

i > \ '• 

■ ~ -/M .'1 

4-^rrrW - '*d± 

Underneath the arches: the Sz£cbeny chain bridge, one of many crossing the Danube 

garians have managed to 
carve out a fife better and less 
trammelled than their 

They can travel on holiday 
to the west, for instance, and 
although 1 take it that permis- 
sion would not be granted to 
an active or suspect dissident, 
the rest seem to have no 
trouble; they can only do it for 
a month, and even then only 
once every three years, but 
that seems to be more the 
result of the currency problem 
than the political situation. 
More significant still. Hunga- 
ry does not seem to have 
created a category of Unper- 
sons. Those who have left and 
refused to return are, after a 
few years, safe to visit their 
native land and leave again, 
and those who might be 
thought to bring credit on 
Hungary by their achieve- 
ments are freely and warmly 
discussed, unlike what hap- 
pens elsewhere in the shadow 
of Moscow. 

There is, for instance, an 
official newspaper for visitors, 
published in English and Ger- 
man, full of what you might 
expect from the information 
department of a Communist 
state; but it had a very 
us article about Gyorgy 
one of the many 

Even toe events 
of 1956 can 
be discussed 

Hungarian musicians living 
abroad, and Tamas Vasary, 
who is another of them, was 
actually playing a recital while 
I was there. 1 even ran into a 
member of the BBC Hungar- 
ian Service; he had left at the 
time of the Revolution, but 
was in Budapest on holiday. 
And Hungarians expressed 
pride as well as amazement at 
foe feet that two Hungarian 
economists had become En- 
glish Lords. (I forbore to 
explain about Balogh and 
Kaktor; it is not after all, the 
duty of a guest to disillusion 
his hosts.) 

They talk quite freely, too, 
without going so for as to 

Even the events of 1 956 can be 
discussed, though the word 
revolution is not used; the 
30th anniversary of that hero- 
ic uprising is now only a few 
months away. (Driving about 
the city, I thought 1 was told 
that the handsome statue I 
was passing was that of 
Rakosj, and I goggled in 
disbelief until 1 discovered 
that this one spelt it Rakoczi; 
he was the notable 18th- 
century patriot who gave his 
name to the Rakoczi March.) 
There is a Lenin Boulevard, of 
course, but even in such 
matters they are as discreet as 
they are allowed to be, I 
wondered at first what the 
“Street of November 
Seventh” was, until I realized 
it was the Russian Revolution 
in disguise 

Materially, too, the Hungar- 
ians seem better off than their 
fellow-members of the club. 
Clothes were mostly in the 
style of 1 950s Woolworths. 
but they seemed well-made 
and warm, and 1 found, 
wandering about the depart- 
ment stores, that there was a 
considerable variety. Certain- 
ly there were no queues at 

food shops, which were well 
stocked, and no beggars, un- 
less you count the waiter in a 
fashionable restaurant who, 
presenting a bill dearly 
marked Service Included 
asked “Did you enjoy the 
service, sir?” 

Standards oftiving are rela- 
tive. of course; the Hungarian 
one is for below ours. But that 
cruel fan offers another incen- 
tive to visitors from the west: 
Hungary is almost incredibly 
cheap. And that “incredibly” 
is not just the usual clicht; I 
kept disbelieving bills which 
were a fifth the size of what 
they would have been in 
London, and I had trouble 
with the subway because 1 
couldn't lay my hands on a 
coin of a value small enough 
for the turnstile to take iL (I 
collect subways; but a taxi-ride 
clear across the city cost only 
one pound) 

Thus encouraged I bought 
armfuls of gramophone 
records, which brings me to 
the reason why I went to 
Hungary in the first place. I 
was invited by the Director of 
the Budapest Festival to come 
and sample it; again, the 


'Parfejment C 


/laudiid V /s 

\ VS— 


Ottdel 1 

British Airways and Maiev 
Hungarian Airlines fly to 
Budapest Apex fares from 
£160 return, Club Class £464 

Danube Travel, 6 Conduit 
Street, London W1 (01-433 
0263) represents the 
Hungarian Tourist Office in 
Britain, offering information 
and booking services. The 
Forum Hotel, overlooking 


the Danube, costs £34.50 per 
person per night, sharing a 
twin room. 

Packages at The Forum, 
inclusive of air tares, transfers, 
breakfast visa and a half- 
day city tour cost from £256 for 
three nights. Further details 
from Danube Travel. 

Warning given on passports 


Chans Laattjenor 


Horizon Holidays is advising 
clients to obtain British 
visitors’ passports this year 
rather than risk waiting for fiifl 
passports. The company 
warns that industrial action at 
the passport offices may pre- 
vent applications being pro- 
cased in time. Only two 
countries in the Horizon pro- 
gramme — Cyprus and Mo- 
rocco-will not accept, the 
BVP but passengers on its 
cruises must still travel on a 
full passport. 

Awash with stars 

P & O’s Canberra will sail 
from Southampton on May [ 
on a 16-nigbt “cruise with the 
stars” through the Mediterra- 
nean, with a team of six show- 
business celebrities on board. 
The six — Tim Brooke-Tay 
lor, Ted Moult, Pete Murra 
Nicholas Parsons, Shef 
Steafel and Leslie Thomas 

will lake part in a programme 

of activities which will include 
a sponsored walk, cricket 
match and quizzes. Ports of 
call include Malaga, Messina. 
Port Said Athens and Gibral- 
tar and prices start at £880. 

• Japan Ah- Lines has 
started the first non-stop 
flights between London 
and Tokyo. The weekly 
service leaves Heathrow on 
Tuesdays ami takes ilhrs 35 
min on the short-cut route 
across the USSR. 

S ail of the century 

The historic eight-month voy- 
age of the First Fleet, which 
founded Australia m 1787, is 
being re-enacted next year by 
II traditional square-rigged 
sailing ships, and bookings are 
being taken for trainee crew 
members by London-based 
Cox & Kings TraveL 
Would-be sea dogs can sign 

on for any or all of the seven 
legs. Prices range from £925 
for the five-day voyage from 
London to Portsmouth to 
£23.815 for the whole trip. 
Fui) details from Cox & Kings 
on 01-734 8291. 

Comi ng np roses 

The English Tourist Board has 
published a brochure listing 
the 42 caravan parks in En- 
gland which have been grant- 
ed its “Rose Award”. Parks 
qualifying for tbe award have 
all been independently in- 
spected and, says the ETC. 
provide “first class holiday 
caravans in an attractive and 
well-managed setting”. The 
guide is available from travel 
agents, tourist information 
centres or direct from the ETC 
(Dept D), Thames Tower, 
Black’s Road. Hammersmith, 
London W6 9EL. 

Philip Ray 

For a free cop? of an 
attractive poster delight' 

. fug? t&ustnsed by Antblie 
mgaher with our 
brochure on individual 
iadzmve holidays m d»l» 
beautiful city, write to - 
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What’s the connection between 
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Heathrow Terminal 4* 

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promise you a warm welcome. 

currency situation is against 
them for they cannot afford, 
say. international opera stars, 
and the cast of the perfor- 1 
mance I heard of A Nurnbergi 
Mesierdatnokok was entirely 
local and sang in the vernacu- 
lar. (A Hungarian Mastersing- 
ers is nothing to me; I have 
heard Carmen in Russian. 
Cost in French. Boris Godunov 
in English (“Oh. what a stroke 
of luck, I have caught a 
duck”), the Barber of Seville in 
Japanese, 7/ troratore in He- 
brew, and Tannhduser in 

Still, it was a creditable 
effort, with an excellent Sachs, 
younger than usual, a fine 
lyrical Waliher, and one strik- 
ing idea, new to me: at curtain- 
rise on the first act. the 
congregation is seated feeing 
down stage so that the audi- 
ence is, so to speak, behind the 
altar. It worked very well. 

The Vasary recital was ex- 
citing; some uncertain Beetho- 
ven to start with, but dazzling 
Chopin and Liszt to follow, 
and as many encores as Ru- 
binstein used to give. Antal 
Dorati, another exile who 
freely goes back and forth, 
conducted the Budapest Sym- 
phony Orchestra — a surpris- 
ingly polished ensemble — in. 
among other things, his own 
piano concerto. (Why do so 
many outstanding conductors 
— Furtwangler and Klemper- 
er were two more — try to 
write music as well as perform 
it? It is always terrible.) But 
Liszt’s Dame Symphony came 
up as fresh as the day it was 
written; it is good to hear these 
old war-horses go through 

Standards of 
living are 
far below oars 

their paces. The main concert 
hall, recently built, is rather 
austere (apart from tbe frieze 
behind the platform, which is 
positively uglier than the one 
at the Barbican), but with a 
brilliantly clean acoustic; 1 
would like to hear some 
Mozart there. 

An enjoyable visit, but with 
a reminder, at beginning and 
end, of the difference between 
one kind of country and 
another. Although Hungary's 
rating in Charles Humana's 
now indispensable World Hu- 
man Rights Guide is far higher 
than any other Soviet-bloc 
country, it wouldn't suit you 
and me at alL 1 assure you. 

Tbe day before I arrived was 
the anniversary of Kossuth's 
Declaration of Independence 
from the Austrians, and a 
group of young people staged a 
demonstration in front of his 
statue; thoughts of indepen- 
dence, however, are not to be 
allowed, even in Hungary, and 
the demonstration was broken 
up with considerable force. 

And as 1 went through the 
passport-check on the way 
out, I discovered that this was 
the only country I have ever 
been in where the passport 
photograph is compared, very 
long and very carefully, with 
the face presenting it, and 
where, even after the traveller 
has passed tbe test, be has to 
undergo a further passport 
check by soldiers at the flight- 
gate. Hungarians are indeed 
allowed to travel to the west; 
but he would be a very bold or 
a very foolish Hungarian who 
tried to do so without first 
asking official permission. 

The espresso coffee, inci- 
dentally. is the best in the 
world outside Italy. And Cals 
is sold out. 

Just the diet the 
doctor ordered 

W hether to lose weight, 
improve your health, 
perk up the taste- 
buds, win a bet, or to lower the 
cholesterol level in the blood, 
a new dietary regime is highly 

Wary of the likes of avoca- 
dos, shrimps, prawns, 
taramasalata. sausages and 
cheese, 1 set off to discover 
some of the healthier ways of 
eating oul 

One of the most substantial, 
cholesterol-lowering foods is 
pasta: the recent fresh pasta 
boom might have more sub- 
stance to it than I'd imagined. 

One of the best indications 
of this, precisely because it is 
so unpretentious, isSolopasta. 
a homely, formica-tabled Ital- 
ian restaurant and shop in 
north London which makes its 
own high quality pasta and 

Five basic types are offered 
on the menu (more are avail- 
able to take away) ranging 
from egg or spinach-based 
tagliatelle, to spaghetti basil- 
icati (flecked with basil in the 
making of the dough). There 
are also the more familiar 
lasagne and cannelloni. 

Up to seven sauces are 
available, with the regular and 
siciliana enlivened by the likes 
of pesto genovese, a delicious 
light sauce flavoured with 
fresh basil, pine nuts and 
garlic. You can come away 
feeling well fed and virtuous 
for around £5 to £6 a head. 

J apanese food always at- 
tracts attention when 
healthier diets are under 
discussion, although the bene- 
fits of raw fish, noodles, 
lightly-fried seafood and vege- 
tables can often come expen- 

The small, rather spartan 
Gombei restaurant is. howev- 
er, one of the cheaper species 
of Japanese establishraenL 
The tiny four to five-seaier 
sushi-bar has all the usual 
range of raw fishes available 
from salmon to tuna and 
mackerel, and the cholesterol- 
conscious should be able to 
steer a relatively safe and 
certainly appetizing journey 
through yakizakana (crisply 
grilled mackerel with mashed 
horse-radish), delicious miso 
soup (with spring onions and 
soya bean curd), skewers of 
lean chicken yakitori or a fish 
and meat casserole, yosenabe. 

The attractive tempura, de- 
spite the lightness of the 
tetter, was probably forbid- 
den as three giant prawns are 
the centre-piece. Butihe boiled 
octopus in vinegar, had a 
marvellous smoky flavour. 

Another reliable route to 
dietary fulfilment is provided 
by the vegetarian regimes of 
southern India. Once the un- 
fashionable and downbeat re- 
lations of Indian restaurants. 
Asian vegetarian establish- 
ments draw an increasingly 
“aware” clientele. The Rani, 
established for over a year 
now, steers clear of earnest- 
ness but offers a cheerful and 
attractive menu of Gujarati 

The small range of dishes 
offers a wide scope of flavours, 
from potato and vegetable- 
filled pancakes (masala dosa) 
and black-eyed bean curry, to 
spicy dhai vada (black lentil 
fritters with yoghurt sauce). 

The set meals (thalis). rang- 
ing from £4.20 to £8 a head for 
the massive “Rani Super 
Table”, are probably the best 
way of ordering a balanced 
programme of dishes. 

I f an Indian vegetarian 
meal seems unappetizing 
you might treat your taste- 
buds to the exotic “menu 
potager” at the smart French 
restaurant Inigo Jones. 

Paul Gayler, the English 
chef, is famous for his inven- 
tiveness, and his five-course 
vegetarian extravaganza at 
£22.50 a head is a rare attempt 
by a chef of such quality to get 
to grips with meat-ftee 

The colourful parade of 
celeriac mousse, flecked with 
chives and served with dabs of 
cold beetroot sauce, vegetable- 
stuffed raviolis and a feuillete 
of broccoli, com, oyster mush- 
rooms and quails' eggs are so 
lightly sauced that they should 
be a dietician's delighL 
The final courses of hot 
goat's cheese topped with a 
puree of olives and a pineap- 
ple and yoghurt tenine with a 
rich Campari sauce, might not 
do anything for cholesterol 
levels but, by golly, they taste 

Stan Hey 


Sotopasta, 26 Liverpool Road. 
London N1 (01-359 7648). 
Open: Tues-Sat noorr-3 pm and 
6-10. 30pm. 

Gonbei, 151 King's Cross 
Road, London WC1 (01- 
278 0619). Open: Mon-Sat 6- 
1 0.30pm. 

Rani, 3-5 Long Lane, London 
N3 (01-349 4&6). Open; daily 

Rani, 3-5 Long Lane, London 
N3 (01-349 4386). Open; daily 
6-10.30pm. Sat, Sun noon- 

Inigo Jones. 14 Garrick Street 
London WC2 (01 -836 6456). 
Open; Mon-Sat 5.30-1 1 .30pm; 
Mon-Fri l2.30-2.30pm. 

A la carte Cocktail bar. Swimming 
pool. Solarium. Sauna. Gymnasium. Live 
music Smonpsbord. 

There’s much more than just deep 
blue sea between Harwich and the 
beauty of Denmark and Norway. 

Now all year round our new ship, (he 
m.s Braemar makes the trip to Oslo, 
stopping briefly in Denmark. Whilst in 
the summer the m.s. Bolero sails to 
Kristiansand in Southern Norway The 
trip aboard either of our superb ships 
is a holiday in itself. 

And once you step ashore there is 
even more in store with an exciting 
choice of tours such as self-catering 
holidays from 559. farmhouse holidays 
from 5138 and lakes and mountains 



r ■ 



Getting there / is half the fun 

i r_ ciin /am na. 

■ V VV « 

holidays from 5120. (All prices per per- 
son for a 7-night holiday.) 

A full range of inclusive holidays 
based on these services is available. 

Contact Fred Oslen Lines 
on Brochureline 
0235 834834. complete 
the coupon below or 
see your travel agent. 




The Swift 
to revenge 

Anatoly Karpov has brushed 
aside any suspicion that he 
might still be jaded or off 
form after his loss of the title 
to Kasparov. True, the ex- 
champion’s performances in 
the Lucerne World Teams in 
November and the Vienna 
Master Swiss in January were 
respectable rather than in- 
spired, but in neither event 
did he lose any games. 

Now in the SWIFT Inter- 
national in Brussels, Karpov 
has dominated a field which 
includes his old rival, 
Korchnoi, plus such danger- 
ous younger opponents as 
Tim man, Ljubojevic and 
Miles. Particularly impressive 
were Karpov's 105 marathon 
victory against Jan Timman 
and his dramatic demolition 
of the top .Yugoslav, 
Ljubojevic. Karpov’s overall 
performance must give him 
grounds for optimism. 
White: Karpov; Black: 

Brussels March/April. French 

1 MJ 2 P-Q4 PU4 

3 (M2 H-KB3 

Karpov has a tremendous 
record against this line of the 
Tarrasch variation. The rea- 
son, of course, is that Black's 
third move invites White to 
seize vast tracts of central 
terrain. Black then hopes to 
puncture this extended struc- 
ture, but Karpov is an adept 
at maintaining a space ad- 
vantage and ducking the 
coumerolay. Korchnoi has 
been highly successful at 
obtaining draws against 
Karpov with the more fluid 
3 . . . P-QB4. but the patient 
defence to which this inevita- 
bly leads is not to everyone’s 

4 P-K5 KM-Q2 S P-QB3 P-QB4 

8 P-KJM N-QTO 7 QN-S3 0*9 

Black hopes to strike back 
with . . . P-QR5. Karpov 
promptly squashes this possi- 

9 P-GR4 M> 10 P*J» B-NSah 
n K -B2 

With Black's forces cramped 
white avoids exchanges. 

11 ... MOM 

A wild bid for counterplay 
which, however, may simply 
undermine the solidarity of 
his own structure. 

12 MJ Ml 13 B-K3 0-0 

14 Ml M2 IS M2 

Typical Karpov. The move 
looks insignificant, but is in 
feet vary far-sighted. Later on 
this Rook's co-ordination 
along the second rank will' 
play a decisive role. 

15 ... Ml 1« 002 Q-N6 

17 0*0 P*0 

Exchange of Queens does not 
completely relieve Black's 

20 HPxP M3 21 M3 MO 
22 MMi IHH 23 M-K2 MS 

A logical attempt to seek 
further relief by exchanges 


Back to the future: the Hying Scotsman steams oat of London. 

Steaming into summer 

and simultaneously rid him- 
self of his restricted Queen's 
Bishop. But Karpov has 
prepared a crushing and 
artistic refutation. 

MM M 25 MS ... 

The decisive coup. White 
now gains material and 
launches a deadly attack 
against the Black King. 

25 ... Mcft 25 K*8 P4H 

If 26 . . . PxBP 27 P-K6 R- 
K2 28 N-B4 with threats such 
as RX1J-KN1 or N-R4, while 

26 . . . PxKP 27 BPxP PxPch 
28 K-B2 leaves Black without 
sufficient compensation for 
the lost material. 

27 F*NP MS as m-on 

Threatening mate. 

29 M4 BPsP 

SI N-MSok M2 


30 N-Mdi M2 

32 NzKP KM 

33 NM dtaeft 

Black resigns 

Raymond Keene 


The Great Scottish and West- 
ern Railway Company offers 
luxury three and six-day tours 
in the Scottish Highlands. The 
Royal Scotsman runs twice 
weekly from Edinburgh's 
Waverley Station from Tues- 
day until and October 24. 
Prices start at £950 for three 
days. Details from Abercrom- 
bie & Kent, Sloane Square 
House, Holbein Race, Lon- 
don SW1 (01-730 9600). 


From now until the autumn 
the Venice Simplon-Orient 
Express is running regular day 
excursions from London to 
different parts of Britain. Ev- 
ery Thursday and Sunday 
until November 16 it travels 
from Victoria Station to the 
13th-century Hever Castle in 
Kent, or to Folkestone. Three- 
course lunches and a tradi- 
tional English cream tea are 
provided on both excursions 
and tickets cost between £70- 

Every Saturday morning 
from May 3 to September 27 it 
leaves Waterloo Station carry- 
ing day return passengers 
along the route to Bourne- 
mouth, the original destina- 
tion of the famous 
Bournemouth Belle. There are 
stops at Broadlands, once the 
home of the late Earl of 
Mountbatten. and at Beaulieu, 
owned by Lord and Lady 
Montagu. Brunch, wine, 
cream teas and Bucks Fizz 
included. Tickets cost between 


CIRCUS: Recently returned 
from the Far East Cottle ■ 
will demonstrate the arts of 
Chinese dreus using 
illusion, pantomime and 
acrobatic skills. 

Midsummer Meadow, 
Northampton. Today 2, 5pm. 
Adult £3. £5. child £2. £3. 

BOLEYN; A new exhibition 
created by Bermans and 
Nathans the theatrical 
costumiersabout Anne's 
early fife at Hever where she 
was courted by Henry. . 
Hever Castle, Edenbrldg 
Kent (0732 865224). Tc 
Nov 2, daily noon-5.15pm. 
Adult £3. child £1.50. 

GYMNASTICS: Top men and 
women gymnasts from 
China, the United States, W« 
Germany. Italy, Bulgaria, 
Romania, Czechoslovakia, 


Prizes of the New Collins Thesaurus will be given for the first two 
correct solutions opened on Thursday April 17, 1986. Entries 
should be addressed to The Tunes Concise Crossword Com- 
petition, 1 Pennington Street. London, El 9XN. The winners and 
solution will be announced on Saturday, April 19, 1986. 

1 Enlistment (11) 

9 first course pear (7) 

10 Exceed (5) 

11 At this moment (3) 
13 Coral ridge (4) 

16 Moan (4) 

17 Congenital (6) 

IS Nameless (4) 

20 Crooked (4) 

21 Cbnrteous (6) 

22 Window cord (4) 

23 Herring bird (4) 

25 Capture (3) 

28 Apprehensive (5) 

29 Show (7) 

30 Deeply discerning 


2 Wash away (5) 

3 Tniet4) 

4 Presser(4) 

5 Cat cry (4) 

6 Crank (7) 

7 Terrifying (4.7) 

8 Entertaining gnesu 


12 Get (6) 

14 fish plane (3) 

15 Mohair (6) 

19 See (7) 

20 Solicit (3) 

24 Town (5) 

25 Cow shelter 04) 

26 Kh(4) 

27 Not this (4) 

if pnze com 

H. Blackmail. Highfiekt Road. Fladcwdl Heath. 

Buckinghamshire, and E. McRahh. Ogjefonh, 



ACROSS: 1 Trumps 5 Comply 8 Way 9 

Pierce JO Nectar 11 Mean 12 Peccable 14 

Concur 17 Inmate 19 Pedantic 22 Sack 24 

Estate 25 United 26 Nod 27 

Heated 28Exhort 

DOWN: 2 Raise 3 Moronic 4 Sweeper 5 
Cynic 6 Mocha 7 Leaflet 13 Can 15 Over- 
see 16 Urn 17 Indude 18 Messiah 20 
Apart 21 Trend 23 Clear 

SOLUTION TO No 91 7 (fast Saturday's prize concise) 

'iKf JRSS =£“ S£T i 6 

Won 28 Epoch 29 Orbital 30 Hibernation 

DOWN* 2 Auger 3 Gene 4 Inch 5 Game 6 Abscess 7 Solar svs- 
SsCwwSSe tt Opaque 14 Yam 15 Fresco 19 Alveoli 20 
Tot 240mdo 25 Whee 26 Noun 27 Obit 

Five rail companies hope to recapture the spiritof steam 
this year. Royal Scotsman toms emphasise luxury and 
nostalgia. The Orient Express offers day exclusions in 
restored carriages, and the Steam Locomotive Operators 
Association lays on trips m historic locomotives along 
country lines. Pullman Rail have repainted coaches in 
their original colours. 

Details from Venice Sim- 
plon-Orient Express Reserva- 
tions Office, Sea Containers 
House, 20 Upper Ground, 

London SEI (01-928 6000). 



On selected Sundays until 
August 31 BR’s steam excur- 
sions to Stratford-upon-Avon 
from Marylebone Station will 
be hauled by locomotives like 
the Sir Nigel GresJey, the 
Flying Scotsman, the Sir 
Lamiel and Clan Line. Two 
hours are allowed for sightsee- 
ing before the return journey. 
The fere is £35 and includes 
lunch and afternoon tea. No 
reduced feres for children. 

Details from British Rail 
Travel Centre, Elision Station, 
London NW1 2HS (01- 
388 0519). 

Scot Rail is again running its 
popular steam excursion along 
the spectacular route from 
Fort William to Mallaig. The 
trains will be operating from 
May 22 through to September 
25. Return fere is £9 (4.50 for 
children). Details from 
ScotRail West Highland 
Transportation Centre, Fort 
William PA33 6 AN (0397- 


On Thursdays from May 1 
to September 25 The Shake- 
speare will lake passengers 
from Marylebone Station to 
Stratford-upon-Avon. A six- 
hour visit is followed by the 
return journey, which includes 


Most of SLOA's profits from their steam haulage excretions 
are ploughed back into mamtirfnlwg their historic locomotives. 
Among tike fiunons engines ned for toon are the Sir Lamid, the 
Evening Star and die King George V. 

Today tire William Shakespeare leaves Maryfcbone Station 
for Stratford. Retarn fere approximately £32. later trips 
include: April 24k the West Riding tour leaves Kings Cross. Re- 
turn fere approximately £29. May 10: Thames-Eden Express. 
Kings Cross to York-Cariisle and r etai n. No fere detaflswhy 
not-ed.?; May 31 and Jure 28: The Red Dragon tear is a round 
trip from Paddington via Swindon, Gloucester, Newport and 
Hereford. Approximate fare £36. light refreshments available 
on all trains .For details of all trips send 9x4in sax. to SLOA 
Marketing, PO Box 269, Ayiesbmy, Buckinghamshire. 

dinner accompanied by medi- 
eval - minstrels. Fare: £42 

Every Sunday morning 
from May 25 to September 28 
The Chalsworth will leave St 
Pancras for the Peak District 
Excursions include a visit to 
Chatsworth House. Sunday 
lunch and cream tea are 
included in return fere of £35. 

Each Tuesday from June 3 
to September 30 The Pennine 
Limited leaves Kings Cross 
for the Pennines, picking up 
passengers en route. A special 
feature is the steam train ride 
along the Settle to Carlisle 
railway. Lunch and dinner 
included. £45. 

Every Friday night from 
May to Octobeithe Cambridge 
Diner takes a circular tour 
through Cambridge and Peter- 
borough. A meal and dancing 
are included in the four-hour 
trip which costs £28.00. 

Details from British Rail 
Travel Centre, Euston Station, 
London NWl 2HS (01- 
388 0519). 

Pullman are also offering 
luxury excursions from Kings 
Cross to the Scottish High- 
lands- The Highlander 
three journeys to Geoigemas, 
near John O'Groats, via Edin- 
burgh and Inverness, with a 
picnic on the Isle of Skye. 
Similar trips on The West 
Highlander take in Oban, Fort 
William, and the Isle of MulL 
Price: £150. 

Details from Pullman Rail, 
104 Bir mingham Road, Lich- 
field, Stalls WS149BW (0543- 

Sara Driver 


Distance: 9 ml 
For most of its 
length, Offe's Dyke, 
divided Mercia (middle 
England) from the Welsh 
princedoms on a fiurly 
straight, fairly north-sooth 
line. Above Kington, howev- ‘ 
er, Offe has taken a line 
which swings through 90° to 
give command over the Vale 
iff Radnor and its principal 
debouchment into Mercia. 

Come oat of Kington on 
the Offa’s Dyke Path going 
north (from the town centre 
make for the chnrch and 
follow the acorn signs off to 
the right) and climb on to 
Roshock Hill via the golf 

course on Bradnor HilL 
Please observe golfing eti- 
quette, remaining silent and, 
when golfers nearby are 
making strokes, stock-stflL 
The three yew trees on the 
ridge are variously the Three 
Sisters or the Three Shep- 

herds. Continue along the 
Dyke on to Hereock Hill (the 
Dyke Path turns right to go 
to Kirill) and drop down to 
cross the A44 at Dmrfield 
and reach the foot of Hergest 
Ridge. The dfrect route back 
to Kington takes a path to 
the left by wood land; those 
with legs to spare can climb 
to the coi between Hergest 
and Hamer HOI to retur n 
over Hergest Ridge. The top 
of the Ridge boasts the old 
trotting racecourse and the 
Whetstone, a stone which is 
said to descend to the river 
each day to drink. 

The OS map b sheet 148 
(Presteigne and Hay-on- 

Iain TJridell 

Spain and Great Britain 

Wembley Arena, Empire 
Way, Wembley, Middlesex (01- 
902 1234). 

Clowns from aH over the world 
converge on Bognor. Grand 
parade through the town from 
10.30am. Shows for 
children this afternoon and 
Sunday at 1.30, 2.30, 

3.30pm and gala shows today 
at 5 and 8pm. 

Bognor Regis Centre. 

Bognor Regis, West Sussex 
(0243 823140). Today, 
tomorrow from 1030am. 
Tickets for children's 
shows £3, gala shows £5. 

SHOW: One of the biggest of 
its kind In toe south-east 
with many floral and i 
iys .1 

competition, and equipment, 
herbs and plants for sale. 
Brighton Centre. Kings 
Road. Brighton, East Sussex 
(0273 203131). Today, 
tomorrow 1 1 am-8pm. Adult £1 . 
child 75p. 

Exhibition of colour 

zoologist Mark Deebie and 
photographer Victoria 
Stone In the waters of the Fal 
estuary, Cornwall.. 

Natural History Museum, 
Cromwell Road, London SW7 
(01-589 6323). Tues-May 9. 
Mon-Sat 10am-6pm, Sun 2.30- 
6pm. Free. 

International equestrian 
three-day event Top riders 
include Ginny Lang, 

Lucinda Green, Marie Todd, 

and Torrance Watldns- 
Fleischmann. Dressage Thurs 
and Fri from 9am; cross- 
country April 1911 am-5.30pm. 
April 20, showjumping at 

Badminton House, 

Badminton, Avon (04542 1272). 
Apr 17-20. Admission 
17,18,20: £6 per car; 19: £13 
per car. Season ticket £22. 

Judy Froshaug 


The five winners of the Easter Jumbo Crossword published on 
Saturday March 29 are: Rev. J.F. Moms, Our Lady's Convent 
Park Road, Loughborough, Leicestershire: Mrs 
P. Winterbourne, Wellington New Road, Taunton, Somerset; 
H. Galazka, Kin card Close, Bromley, Kent; Mrs D. Payne, 
Leylang Road, New Cross, London SEI4; and A. McGowan, 
Dergmoney Place. Dublin Road, Omagh, Co. Tyrone, Northern 
Ireland. Each will receive a prize of £50. 


Secrets of the grand slam 

The excitement of slam 
bidding, initially responsible 
for Contract Bridge displac- 
ing Auction, remains one of 
the main attractions of the 
game. Slam Bidding by Hugh 
Kelsey (Victor Gollancz, 
£4.95 paperback) is a revised 
edition of a work originally 
published in 1973. The au- 
thor states that “there has 
been no technical revolution 
in recent years”. This is true 
of the weapons used at the 
summit. There has been no 
significant addition to the 
armoury of asking bids, cue 
bids aad control finding 

But there has been a 
considerable change in the 
methods employed at the 
foothills. In the 1960s, it was 
common practice to jeer at 
the Americans for foiling to 
force on good hands. Today, 
as Kelsey points out, some 
powerful hands require bid- 
ding space to develop. He 
cites this example: 

. 0 A 4 103 

* A85 

If partner opens one spade, 
the best final strain is 
uncertain. Partner must wait 
to learn that you have a good 
hand until a fit is established. 
It is a pity that in the revised 
edition the author did not 
take the opportunity of de- 
scribing the greater accuracy 
conveyed by transfer bids, 
especially after no trump' 

With this exception, 
lam madingisa comprehen- 
sive and lucidly presented 
account of the subject 
The Rixi Markus Bade of 
Bridge (Willow Books, £9.95) 
is a most handsome publica- 
tion. Rixi 1ms contributed a 
column to her newspaper for 
more than 30 years. Openly 
impatient of conventions, she 
is almost as well known for 
her trenchant views as for her 
aggressive bidding. I remem- 
ber. one of her admirers once 
saying, “That's the sort of 
player I like, cafls a spade 
two spades”. 

Here is a hand that Rixi 
played in a tournament in 

Pairs.. Game alL Dealer East 

♦ K 105 
O AJ9 

♦ AS 7 

♦ Q972 
O J43 

0 874 

♦ 643 



W £ 

♦ 4 

V A K 10 9 6 
O K2 

♦ QJ 1052 

♦ A J 8 6 3 

<7 O 

0 010663 

♦ KB 

E S 






IS? 1* 


Oparina laad 03 

East took the vK and 
continued with the ^A, 

which Rixi nifled- A kwng 
diamond finesse allowed East 
to play a third heart, forcing 
declarer again. West now bad 
four spades to declarer’s 
three. But East’s revealing 
bidding pointed to the vmt- 
ning fine Rixi cashed the wA 
and finessed dummy’s ♦10. y 
After cashing the JKy a- 
volley of diamonds left west 
impotent to score more than 
his winnira trump. A good 
example oi Rixi’s concept of 
“playing with a second trump 

suit". • , 

I wish I could recommend 
George Beebe's Intervention 
Bridge at the Table, available 
from Bibliagpra (£3.60), be- 
cause this short monograph 
contains much sound advice, 
expressed in the no-nonsense 
style that ordinary players 
appreciate. Unfortunately.: in 
the interest of economy .the 
printers have “condensed the 
illustrative : deals 

typographically”. 1 am afraid? 
modem bridge - players- are 
too spoilt to accept a hori- 
zontal form of display with- 
out even the help of symbols 
to assist the eye: 1 
For those who find the new 
rules a little confusing, Rich- 
ard Brightling and Hugh 
Kelsey have produced The 
Rubber Bridge Laws Flipper, 
£1.95. It should curtail the 
interminable exchanges 'of 
bridge room lawyers. 

Jeremy Flint 


Colour all the year round 

How careful use 
of shrubs and 
• trees can keep 
gardens blooming 

The deter mined gardener can 
always find something to 
bring indoors and brighten up 
the house. I know of one 
couple who manage to keep a 
vase filled with colour from 
the garden a full twelve 
months of the year. This 
should be within the range 
even of those with small 

Lonicera fiagrantissima is a 
semi-evergreen whose creamy 
while scented flowers appear 
from the axils of the leaves; 
Daphne mezereum is rather 
more compactwith rich pink 
scented flowers near the tips of 
the shoots. Also invaluable for 
indoor display. Hamamdis 
mollis pallida is a big shrub 
with ascending branches 
wreathed in pale yellow scent- 
ed blooms with unusual strap- 
shaped petals. 

Attaining a height of up to 
40ft, Arbutus andrachne, one 
of the strawberry trees, bears 
both bell-shaped flowers and 
orange fruits at the same time. 
Much smaller and a good lawn 
specimen is Prumis cerasUera 
Trail blazer, whose blushing 
pinky-white flowers are set off 
by rich plum purple foliage. 

Magnolia siellata comes 
into flower about now, a small 
tree usually covered with 


Magnolia Stella ta, left, and Pnmas ceratifera 

masses of white star-like flow- 
ers on leafless branches. This 
magnolia is quite compact in 
growth; Farrotia persica is 
larger with rather untidy 
branch work. Parrotia needs to 
be sited so the branches grow 
overa garden seat or walkway, 
as its red flowers, which are 
really bunches of stamens, 
free downward and are not 
easily seen. 

Camellia jappnica is a fine 
evergreen which produces 
masses of flowers at this time 
of year, ranging through pinks 
and reds. One of the finest of 
the camellias, and a must for 
lime-free soils, is C x 
WiUiamsii J C Williams 
whose single pink flowers can 
completely cover the bush. 

An herbaceous plant popular 
with floral artists for its 

creamy white blooms is Bego- 
nia hybrid siiverUchL 

Also currently in flower are 
the low grow™ purple and 
red aubretias. Finally, Narcis- 
sus buibicodhun , the Hoop 
Petticoat narcissus, provides 
yellow flowers on 6in stems to 
complete the picture. 

Ashley Stephenson 

Ic yfenfamw 


BnchinS33 OxrtwoaaRaEasIGrtrwIlwd. 


jn need is 

Snor jsnden and 

teccdrift nock of rove. 
p rime. seed* far nectar and feed print*. 

(**->« PI 



rtfcj Oder. 

mn 2HG. 

TA KHZ 9U4 <24 Mn*. 

The real way to feed 
shrubs, trees and fruit 





Within 3 seconds of taking your hands off the 
deadman's handle ‘Roto-Stop* stops -the blade 
action without stopping the engine 

Tofind out howto cut in safety, cut the coupon 
novi* and well send our new lawnmower 

Haase send me the Horefe lawnmower bredweT 
price 5a and name of nearea dealer. 

T v/4 as 




Designed by perfectionists 



Don’t take too big a byte 

The Amsti ad-Sinclair link will open new vistas for computer buffs. Meanwhile, Beryl Downing explains the basics 

con| P** er ouirriase between Amstrad and 
I * chapter forth* electronics industry 

{JJJJ®?® 0 * a whole new book for the personal computer 

Themarket has declined since its peak in 1983. 
■ Computers at home had been nsedmainiy for playing 

games and owners were tiring of their new toys. But 
since the introduction of Amstrad's all-in package — 
computer, screen and printer for £399 — they are now 
being used more productively, mainly as word 

But how and what to choose? When you are 

str u g glin g with a new language there is no point in 
asking advice from the natives — they always speak 
too fast for yooto understand their directions. So here 
is my fool’s guide to computers to help yon to decide 
whether to_ buy now or to wait until the Ams- 
trad/Siudair marriage has produced offspring. 



The PC (personal computer) 
consists of a typewriter-style 
keyboard, tv-type screen 
(monitor), disc drive and 
printer. All these components 
can be bought individually. 
The keyboard can be linked to 
a small portable-television but 
. t this will not give such clear 
resolution as a purpose-made 
monitor. If you buiW up your 
own system you will also need 
a word processor programme. 
This is built-in to packaged 

Other terms you wiS need 
to know include: • 

Byte: Measurement of memo- 
ry. 1 Kilobyte (IK) stores 
1.000 characters' of informa- 
tion — letiersi figures, punctu- 
ation. 1,000K=1 megabyte. 
The more Ks the better. - 

Display: The text the comput- 
er puts on the screen. 

Floppy Disc Tape which 
receives and stores messages 
from the computer. 

* Hardware: The computer and 

- the mechanical equipment 

connected to it 

Interface: Additional bard- 
: ware or software needed to 

i make the computer work with 

i other hardware. 

i Resolution: How dear the 

$ display is on the screen. 

Software: Programmes on 
*■ floppy or hard disc. 

What do you want to do? Most 
home users (other than gam«s 
players) use a computer for 
word processing — writing let- 
ters and other texts. A 
computer will also handle 
household accounts, file ad- 
dresses and keep records. 
Small businesses can use h for 
stock control and financial 

p lanning 

Consider whether it might 
be an asset to cany your 
computer about if so. wait 
for more advanced models to 

Is it compatible? Some com- 
puters will only work with 
their particular manu- 
fecturers’ extras. This is vitafiy 
important - if -you 1 have ~to 
connect with ' a ' company's 
main computer. ■ Otherwise 
make sure that the pro- 
grammes available are what 
yon need. 

Do youTfike the keyboard? 
Make sore that it is sturdy and 
comfortable. If you use a 
typewriter as well, see that 
things like the shift key are 
where you expect 

Is- the handbook compre- 
hensible? The Apple Macin- 
tosh is excellent — you can 
teach yourself from it The 
Amstrad is so badly arranged 
that users are having to go on 
courses costing £200 before 
they can cope. Amstrad please 
note: all handbooks need an 

Personal computers capable of 
performing «»»ii .business 
ninctions cost from about 
£300 to £5,000. 

Computer expert David 
Hewson edits the Wordsmiih, 
a new magazine for writers 
which, offers specialized infor- 
mation on word processors. 
He advises you not to consider 
one under £399 plus VAT, the 
price of the original Amstrad 
8236 (computer prices always 
exdude VAT). ' 

“Don't buy . something 
which is just adequate for your 
present needs — it can be the 
worst economy under the 
sun", he advises.“Never con- 
sider an outdated model at a 
give-away juice, but take ad- 
vantage of the best juice 
available on the current mod- 
els— the differences can be 

If in doubt you can always 
rent This gives you the oppor- 
tunity to try different models 
or simply to make up your' 
mind whether you need a PC 
at afi. CCA Micro Rentals in 
Fulham, London, for exam- 
ple, offer IBM, Compaq, Ap- 
ple and . Apricot on daily, 
weekly ami monthly terms. 
The cost is. about 10 per cent 
of the purchase juice per 
month (these machines range 
from £1,700 to £6,000). 

If you want to buy at the end 
of your rental period you will 
be offered a generous rebate. 

There are three types - dot 
matrix, daisy wheel and laser. 
The dot matrix is the least 
expensive but sometimes pro- 
duces text which is difficult to 
read. The better ones print the 
dots so dose together that the 
result is much more like that 
of a typewriter, but is still not 
of a high enough quality for 
important documents. Prices 
are about £250 and brands 
recommended by the 
Wordsmiih include the Epson, 
Star and Canon. The Amstrad 
printer is dot matrix bat of 
reasonably good quality. 

Daisy wheel printers pro- 
duce excellent quality but are 
extremely slow, which defeats 
one of the main purposes of 
buying a computer. They can 
be used in conjunction with an 
electronic typewriter which 
needs to be adapted for the 
purpose. Prices are from £300 
to £2,000. 

Laser printers are the 
newest. They use photocopy- 
ing technology and produce a 
high quality result almost 
equivalent to typesetting. But 
they are expensive at the 
moment — from £1,800. Prices 
are expected to come down 
within two years. This is a 
point to bear in mind when 
considering any home com- 
puter - you are investing in a 
new industry and improve- 
ments are being made ail the 

Writers and freelance public 
relations consultants need 
word processing, filing, good 
printing. The new Amstrad 
8512 (illustrated) offers the 
best package, including print- 
er, for £499. No other PCs 
have printers included in the 
price, so there is a gap of 
around £500 between 
Amstrad and the rest for a 
complete package. 

Graphic artists, small clubs 
and house journal producers 
need the ability to do layouts 
and draw on screen. For them 
nothing matches the Apple 
Macintosh Plus at ££295 
without printer. 

Small businesses need word 
processing and possibly finan- 
cial spreadsheets and stock 
control. They could consider 
the new Amstrad if they are 
prepared to regard it as a 
learning tool. A longer-term 
choice could be anything IBM 
compatible. These indude the 
Compaq (£4.249). and the 
transportable Philips P2000C 
(£1.093). The IBM PC itself 
costs £1,805. Its siiecialized 
programmes will also help 
professionals who take work ; 
home — surveyors, solicitors, ! 
architects, for instance. 

Educationalists and program- 
ming enthusiasts liked the 
BBC Model B, which is no 
longer made. The new model 
is the BBC Master at £500 
without printer. 


Bright sparks on 
the Marks shelves 

Go to shops which have a 
good range of hardware well 
displayed. You need to be able 
to sit down and try the feel of 
computers, so the shops that i 
keep them on shelves like 
boxes of detergent will not 
give you adequate advice. 

I found Dixons the most 
helpful of the high street 
chains (although not all 
branches may have assistants 1 
with the knowledge and expe- 
rience 1 encountered). John 
Lewis, too, was extremely 

The salesman gave expert 
attention to my requirements 
and spent half an hour advis- 
ing and demonstrating, with- 
out any attempt at a hard sell. 

Otherwise, if you have a 
friendly local specialist who 
gives good after-sales service, 
take advantage of the personal 
interest you could build up. If 
you are spending a lot of 
money, a training course is 
often included in the price. 

Useful Addresses 
CCA Micro Rentals, Unit 
7/8. Imperial Studios, 
Imperial Road, London 
SW6 101-731 4310) for 
computer hire. 

The Wordsmiih, bi- 
monthly at £ 1 .25 per issue or 
£6.75 per year, from 
Mandarin Publishing. The 
Old House. Church Road, 
Kennington. Ashford. Kent 

Marks & Spencer is the apple 
of Mrs Thatcher's eye, ami of 
everyone rise's, it seems. As 
purveyors of some of the finest 
foodstuffs in the land, from 
frozen prawns to sandwiches, 
M & S's quest for quality is 

There is. however, one area 
of its food department where 
St Michael's halo shines a lot 
less brightly: that of the wine 
section. This is not, as I once 
thought because Marks A 
Sparks has a different poticy 
when selecting wines, rather 
than foods, for its shelves. As 
Gary Jenkins, its merchandise 
manager for wines and previ- 
ously with various food depart- 
ments, pointed out to me this 
week: “Our wine-buying poli- 
cy is the same as foods. As 
with everything in the score we 
are aiming at good quality and 
value for money." 

Why, then, does Marks & 
Spencer have such a disap- 
pointing wine selection? The 
company first started to sell 
wine 12 years ago. Originally 
only half-a-dozen obvious 
wines such as claret, chianti 
and liebfraumilcb were sold. 

Unlike competitors, sach as 
Sainsbury and Waifrose, M & 
S has a very limited area in 
which to sell wine. So the 
company was forced from the 
beginning to concentrate on a 
limited range of big-selling 
lines. In 1982. however, it 
introduced its more upmarket 
Vintage Selection range which 
followed on from the success- 
ful introduction of a few perils 
chateaux clarets and the like. 
Mr Jenkins describes this 
move as a “deliberate policy of 
widening our range to make 
people take us seriously as a 
wine merchant". 

Since then the Vintage Se- 
lection range has grown to 
include about 14 different 
wines, representing a quarter 
of the total M & S wine list 

Certainly it is an improve- 
ment on the usual M&S range 
of lambrnsco (both red and 
while). Asti Spnmante, lieb- 
franmilch and so on. But, once 
again, the quality for the most 
part is just not good enough. 
This, I feel, may be due, in 
part, to the comjxany's tradi- 
tion of constantly moving its 
buyers — or selectors, to use 
M&S parlance — from de- 
partment to dejttrtment. The 
previous wine selector left to 
look after the delicatessen: the 
current one previously worked 
in the Paris head office as a 
textile merchandiser. 

Still. Mr Jenkins promised 
me that Marks & Spencer will 
continue to develop its wine 
range. This summer sees the 
arrival of a new country wine 
selection from France and 
Italy, featuring the lesser 
known regional wines that 
“the locals drink". The com- 
pany is also trying hard to fill 
in the gaps in its range and is 
conducting trials with new 
tipples such as its canned 
Cooler range. 

Thankfully, there are still a 
handful of Marks & Spencer 
wines whose quality is among 
the best that the high street 
produces. ! have always ad- 
mired its Chablis from die 
Chablisienne co-operative. 
While the price has crept np to 
£5.50 doe. understandably, to 

the chablis shortage, the latest 
1984 vintage is everything 
j-frnh iig should be: an attrac- 
tive greeny-gold colour plus 
that fresh green vegetal taste 
which white burgundy fans, 
including myself, adore. 

1 am also fond of the one- 
litre bottle of St Michael's 
French Full Red which, priced 
at £3.25, has been the best buy 
in the wine department since 
its introduction. It is actually a 
Cites do Roussillon Villages 
from a region that borders the 
Mediterranean in south-west 
France. With its 12 per cent 
alcohol, handsome purple col- 
our and lively spicy 

Joyce MacDonald 

raspberry/redcocnranty smell 
and taste, it is good value for 

Slightly less pleasing, per- 
haps. but a gain good value at 
£2.99, is the St Michael 
Vintage Selection 1983 Claret 
from GaUlaire. I especially 
like its young cassis-like bou- 
quet even if its fresh grassy 
palate was less impressive. 

Marks & Spencer usually 
has some good champagnes on 
offer. WTtiie I cannot recom- 
mend the new rose, its Blanc 
de Blancs Champagne from 
the Union co-operative with its 
crisp flowery Chardonnay fla- 
vour makes an excellent April 
sparkler. At £8.99, it also 
happens to be the star buy 
among Marks & Spencers's 
more expensive wines. Let us 
hope it is joined soon by other 
wines of the same ilk. 

Jane MacQuitty 



Out now. ibe Paxion & Whitfidd 
i Chrete Club catalogue few Summer 
i 1986 liu i hr ckouc cheeses and I 
i noaUr nmcomen Uhl wiU be offered \ 

1 k> members over dir coming months. | 
l It deuili ihnr histones, methods of : 
i making and suiublr complementary 

As a member, you receive a taJ- j 
anced selection of three dimes each . 
month. You can also select extra i 
cheeses from an additional list. You 
may choose your date lor delivery and I 
they will arrive at yotn door n the 
peak of perfection, there is no ! 
obligation to buy every monthly 1 

For details of membership ring Of- | 
¥28 Moi within normal office hours ■ 
or write to the Paxion k Whitfield 
Chte* Club. Dept T. FHEEVOST, V3 I 
Jermyn Street. London SW1 6UR. , 


P.'a- * ■'-i 

An English dish with ah seasonings 

Was there life before hamburgers? 

Yes, says Shona Crawford Poole 

They have no need of pickles 
and relishes to perk up their 
flavour because a liberal-sea- 
soning of anchovies, lemon 
zesL, parsley and Worcesior- 
shire sauce is built into the 
beef. The recipe comes from A 
Taste of England by Theodora 
FitzGibbon which was pub- 
lished yesterday by Pan, price 
£4.95. This latest in the senes 
which has covered Scotland, 
Wales, the West 
London, Yorkshire and tim 
Lake District since the lira 
book, A Taste of Ireland, 
appeared in 1968, often an- 
other generous slice of our 
domestic heritage- 

Nineteenth-century photo- 
graphs of ordinary people at 
tvork and play face 
iheir everyday and festive 
fare. Locality, ingredients ana 
anecdote are sewn together 
most satisfying!* 

“In 1823 a partnership *** 
formed between Mr 
Wheeley Lea. a drogg^ a^d 
Mr William Pemns, a chem- 
ist. who pooled their resources 
to develop 

68 Broad Sneet. w°jester. 
Thev sold groceries ana toner 
articles in 

ceuticals. and marketed, sever- 
al of their own preparations in 

th ^In^835. Lord Sandys,wbo 

India, approached 

make up s» , lnd *” Z 
recipe for him. In ad ? U0 *tI!! 
Lord Sandys’s order they also 
made a few jars ** 
use. but on tasting «- w™**® 
so unpaJaable. it was can* 
iTlhe cellar and 

throwing them out they tasted 
the sauce again and found it 
matured and delicious. Thus 
Lea and Perrins set about 
making this original sauce in 
1837 from the Indian recipe 
and so it has remained." 

Beef CacSs 

Serves four 

450g (Ito) teart, raw 
minced beef 

1 medium onion, finely 

55g (2oz) white breadcrumbs 

Orated rind of H large 
lemon • . • 

Saft and pepper 
4 anchovy ffflets. drained 

and chopped 

1 tablespoon 
parsley . chopped 
1 tablespoon 

Worcestershire sauce 

1 egg, beaten 

30q(1oz) butter 

Mix all the ingredients except 
the butter in a bowl and fold 
-well in. Divide the mixture 

into 12 balls, then shape them 
into flat round cakes. At this 
point you can either roll them 
in beaten egg and 

breadcrumbs and deep fry, or 
heal the butter in a pan and fry 
several at a time until golden 
brown on each side, about 
seven to lfrroinutefc 
They can be served either 

with a wedge oflemon ora few 

drops of Worcestershire sauce, 
pureed potatoes and a green 
ve^ table. • 

There are three reapes for 
home made sausages in A- 
Taste Of England of winch 

this 18ih-centmy formula for 
skinless Oxford sausages is the 

Oxford Sausages 

Makes about 16 

225q (8oz) lean porK 

225g (8oz) pie veal 

140g (5oz) brown 


200g (7oz) shredded suet 
Grated rind of 56 large 


A teaspoon dried sage 
A teaspoon dried thyme 
'A teaspoon grated nutmeg 
Freshly ground black 

Trim the meats so that no 
gristly pieces are left Then 
mince them both finely, put 
them through twice if you like 
a finer texture. Add the 
breadcrumbs and moisten 
with two tablespoons of water. 
Mix well then add the lemon 
rind, suet, nutmeg, herbs, salt 
and pepper, using about one 
quarter teaspoon of the latter. 
Mix again. . 

Flour your hands and form 
the mixture into sausage 
shapes to the size you like. 

Then place them on a lightly- 
floured dish or board. They 
can be chilled until you need 
to cook them. 

Heat up either a little oil or 
butler, or a mixture, and when 
it is hot (but not too hot) fry 
each sausage for about five 
minutes on each side, or until 
it is golden brown and a little 

They are delicious served 
other for breakfast with eggi 
or bacon, says Theodora 
FitzGibbon, or for luncheon 
with butter beans and onions. 

There are authentic recipes 
for place-name dishes like 

Mehon Mowbray pork pie. 
Bakewell pudding, Grasemere 
gingerbread. Tweed kettle, 
and Lincolnshire stuffed 
chine. And there are all-but- 
forgotten specialities like dee 
saucer pancakes, mushroom 
pudding and eel slew. 

Not surprisingly a great 
many old English puddings 
involve apples and most of the 
recipes are variations on 
familar themes. But Notting- 
ham pudding, which consists 
of whole stuffed apples in a 
baked batter, is new to me. 

Nottingham poddkig 

Serves six 

6 medium, even-sized 
Bramley apples 

85g (3oz) butter 

85q (3oz) caster sugar 

A pinch each of nutmeg and 


6 tablespoons flour 

3 eggs 

About 300ml (% pint) milk 
Pinch of salt 

Peel and core the apples and 
keep them in salted water until 
needed. Cream the butter and 
sugar until light and add the 
nutmeg and cloves. Fill the 
centres of the drained apples 
with this mixture. Pul the 
apples in a well buttered 
ovenproof dish. 

Blend the flour with a little, 
cold water, add the well- 
beaten eggs and a pinch of salt 
Then add enough milk to 
make a thick, creamy 
batter.Pour the batter over the 
apples and bake in a pre- 
heated moderate oven 
(18tTC/35(TF. gas mark 4) for 
l'/2 hours. Serve hot with 
whipped cream. 

HUE. ADDRESS. TH. Ha. or Kir 
•TO fat naad i* is • lima 
10N MMMkoUMfe 10 x40a 


T his collection of forty-six plants will 
provide bright colour for the garden 

■ ■ !***■«'**! TOOAVt ■ 

M-nrFfco^tWKtcirUBSwASagK^JI I 

Udxta at* to P***- r « mnn UST| 
UJraidaicABgncgiJwchidi pOfl ft ■ 

RameT>P^/ , “5£3- 5 0 

- 1 UuitT>HyHh*mrW 

Omm te n » % y«a30— Mto ww iap fM 
For School OiHfanm Workwaf 
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Ltrf • Papt* ■ Eads BwtM 
HQgTHA*ffTOM Eflft QL5 • Td I6W WJtl 

X provide bright colour for 
and home. 



(no rrtd la ample* cmpuni 

(Crayford) 0322-5801 1 

34 hours a day- 7 days a week 

F or late summer and autumn the 24 
chrysanthemums will produce, plenty 
of flowers in the garden and also cut' 
blooms for display. The varieties selected 
give three distinct types: eight mixed in- 
curves with ball shaped blooms; eight 
mixed spray; and eight mixed reflex with 
large ragged heads. 

F uchsias are ideal for hanging baskets, 
patio tubs or scattered around borders. 
The ten plants consist of five bardy and five 
basket fuchsias in glorious mixtures of 
purple, red, white and pink. 

F inally, there are twelve incarviUea 
(Garden Gloxinia) with bold pink 
trumpet flowers during May before the 
foliage appears, and further flowers with 
foliage in July. 

An impressive range of forty-six plants at 
only £14.95 for the collection. 

All prices are inclusive of post and 
packing. Please allow up to 21 days for 
delivery. If you are not satisfied The 
Times will refund your money without 

The Times 46 Plants Offer, 

Bourne Road. Bexley, Kent DA5 1RL. 
TeL Crayford 53316 
for enquiries only. 

Please send me pack(s)of 

46 Colourful Plants © £14.95 each. 

I enclose chcgue/P.O. for £ made payable to 

The Times 46 Plants Offer 

Or debit ray Access /Visa Card No 

Expiry Date - 

Send to: The Tunes 46 Plants Offer, Bourne Road. 
Bexley. Kent DA5 1BL. 


Address - — 

Reg No 894646 


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Royal Philharmonic Society 

P v t ru tt Her Maieuv the Queen A 

^ es Grands Maitrcs Fran^als . 7 -k 

Fourth of litt cpncein 

tVcdneMliv Next lb April u 7 JO pm (J^V) 

London Symphony Orchestra 

Michel Plasson Barry TuckweD 

Clubrter. Damme. Raunscl & Rcrtiar 

SpoDMjred In 


St ftFH rod lor lull JemS 


Principal Conductor Giuseppe Sinopoli 

Monday 21 April at 7J0 



Beethoven: Symphonies No .2 and No .3 lEroicaj 

i ’ HI £12% £%:% it 5a 1~ 75. £». £IA £) 1.50 

.Vailibfc uvtn ILDI 0I-*C* Ilul'CC.Ol-n’jitoOOOi 

RAYMOND CL'BBAY presents SATURDAY * APRIL at 7.» pm 




d >- T— N Hamlel WATER MUSIC SU ITE 



i.'ahluciai MARK ERMLER STEPHEN HOU GH pinw 
i'< L'ltw L* •si t - L-- Nj. £u «| 'in t,. Hill IJI-'I> j|U| C.C 1|-R> MM 




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The Anttlo-AuMnao Moitc Society yrnralt 

3 dd 1 SATURDAY 10 MAY ai 7.39 


SATURDAY 10 MAY ar 7.39 


Conductor/ tiolin: ERICH BINDER 

Frroi London Appearance of the imemauonaDy 
aodauned Leader of the Vienna Philharmonic O r c hiali a 
and Conductor al the Vienna State Opera 

inc G,pit Baron and Fkdermauv-n enure*. 

V«c of Sptmp. Empemr Wain. ere. 


inc. Schon Kmmuin. Uebnl'ieud, etc. 

£5.4? -> 0 . £5 *U lt<C. l~ ■». Ki «« mi 1 CC ' 0 I-O 2 F 

WfdnesduY. 30 April 7.30pm RoyjI FcsIiyuI Hall 


MOZART S> mphonv No 3S(Thc Prj'juci 

MAHLER Syniphonv Not« 


lilt All. £4 <1,1. I.n *11 £7.50. Lb. C4 5M. L.* *11 
W.iiMt'cu. 9C8319] 9-28S500 

Oscar pemson 


■ i — — MARTIN DREW ■■ ■ — 

FRIDAY 2nd MAY at 8pm 


Tel (01) 928 3191 

Tickets £17.50 £15.00 £12.50 £10.50 £8.50 
oc 01 028 8800 - first Call 01 240 7200 

TOMORROW at 730 pm 


Malooim Sargmi festival Choir — 700 toko 


L g . V*. L* *U £* 50 £15ti B« Office 01-589 82 1 2 CC 01-589 <*»* 

AH praccnh of this roorri mD be ilanared to 



27 MAY-5 JUNE 

f ( "« mfuiits 

£ ft i Younr. Apnlki. Sb-mlt. rrMmt.CamuMpetwiMBn 
I B ^ '• i-Jmar. ■ it; ra Lra,J.ei Snliecj Kn lm j If i.,. 

t SB / VIVALDI: FOUR SfAMJYS Simon Samfapr <yi|gi 
li: oi LiOkhet tiio.tu Ra.lmd Hxktu 

^ GUSTA V LfcONHAKDT lig^-klae j tajul 


Sink. 1 -r Ltvi a Akvat 
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FREE BIKK3U.RE hran -ipnliKfal* hr-lnd. N Mctnaei KJ 

CnO..Stril VD 'fil uaet-SK;-! 


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WnTOidav PIERS LANE euna: Jofi McCkM O't a name Ot UM, 

16 *w ■ Bsafibirfictiau nf rra"0-2l 

l aSpm RaornmanoT ?.*^ Ob :i SdMz-E»w M»"> 

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£3 ■'< Cl 53 r.Hra.m" feeluaem 

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19 tv O ranaafca Maauko Uaada »e«.pra)i - Jaae-um tkanaaj *■■ 

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1.1 K J, ,1 P-l'c* C jraj."li. ,n C > iC! 

iBSTlowA ro-L-i EC-MM^'CVsc Van Jijbura 

MOir LQWO&N RtPiehOSOagTY unOon mparo OtcoeCT A 5«yt» 

mao. Ceotimy uwiiii, i:ora?i Svtk uangtd 'W* Catnotint pruey 
7 15 pen ,ra-f'oi Chmloplie' ReBaan K-i.-«. Oand jamton ii~-i Bnxe 

KrrtftewiBat: Jewt Hansam icai Geo»«i Hamon vi»i«m 

C?rf P 5 C 1 CJsO iSSJ &>S3 Uoagon ftoang So>». 


21 at, r BWttmen Jujrtt Ob i JS zmace* 5 J '“*9 Ouanct No i 

NJWruuy j ■r . C ymip mm B- i iiVcti Teraoa^aCiwwti 
7A5pm Beethoran SWTU 'li =. Op 'OU U«1 »fia ura? ■=“ 

Oiosta ScNrtV NO - Bran Fj^Utd ^.ntTjcaijnhii^M 
□ a y c f i Cdfi^u 

TImk 1« bRCfena=F5T.JOMfrtSMiTNSQU*HE Jafl LuBtloetC looran 
ittv i»~*^.i-.nnnnrkiii — i°fiimr ’ *■'*— r rW* — 

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MonOay KTOKO klMUBA UonHenOty iCjrviSeJaiBail sonaftivj •« Cl 

14 ft?' C:- ■" . Toni TotwnSu f"nij TnOK '?*»>virarMrmims jna 
7 JO M titivtmj— ■ ?c") Boric* a.-nam r.r w*u .KJf Mns Sonato in C 1 okr. 

O: 'OS Soraa4ioCjttr..-,'jr^.*.o f ..*s 

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16 At* CLaomiiiac(.ce*:<a Cn"n , o 3 , irnwa. n Mng i»? nojirri 
7 JO pro Pirw EW9* upon me Joain « Oufrai Mary CoraNienAia mf Blow 

OceontneDsamoi Puraau CaupotlnTroa Levons ae Tpneteas 
CM QMJIIO f-tiiu:. Crow. 

IMa f l*r ~ fkaaOil P rone o c e Ctumnooi Vo ms Oabuiay Srr.n , i 
OuaffOiMi f(M4 CanoCtMiona lLanOonixvmi Btfen SJmvi 
Qnjfp Hoi. Dadroti O«eo Oakaata i w Smpam 
Li «0 C SO. O S3 k iray ten POywcnnK: 

Sin p'.-^es ''dt*.- 31 lam; at qortj lo Bttsa 

i-Mna.HcrasrdSnHley.p.a.'ioi filMa Ouenun* Russians 
Luomtui Hanoet- WiSic lot f» Royal Furmhs ffechmaninov: 
Piano Corcenc *Jo 2 *n C i^ir* Beethoven: Sympnony N-; s 

nr, st 1 S9 5C.E6 5CI c~ cs ms gogagg O utmv tra 

icarauciori FtwiJi Prtc» Zx nm er ma n ; w iwij RaMky-kersakov 
Svr:e ‘tom Ts.v SjiTn MMdoissotm: Vioif Concerto « E 

romr.r CX, &4 TctulkOVaky: Syrrtohony No inf muvy Op » 

£!1 SP C r $C t:J sQ d ^0 

Jcseiowtte,?^ 1 B «R JfMSihomi Joy Farad icuriwi 

Mozart >:.^wcor: JmE Hat 84% CJvnei m 

A K62? S.rrpwor-i V : n E llOL Ktg LyQon ALL SEATS £3 
jazz W JOPLIN Suv'^-ving fe aulhartuc sound ef OTh^sJn: 

' Jtfl,-*? arc ,ir.' ''Ten Int !utn al mo cofurv I? the WUs ana 

l-.ariifnc i no arts.* c? Scott Jopfln. Jelly RoH Morton. A J Phon 

*nw Tha London Ragtime Ofthostra. 

0950 c~6d *5 CJ Noanan Meatmusr? cj-tL-wns 

TCHAIKCV^KV EVENING 0>cn oi Sadi's WeMs Royal BaJkl 
Bramwefl Toway 'Oi-a i WHUam Sfephenson icnanoi Band o) 
ne WeHn GuAtes 'itunarse arc IVatU Eugyra Onvom Piano 
Carte otto No > tAucne Slatv The Nutcracker Sude. 0v 18 >2 
cawnoi* a motiar *fo:s L9 50. ££ 50. £750 C6 C5 R QoDbay Ud 
verdi REQUIEM. Royal P Whamwflie Orchestra. London 
CHorat socratv JW Gtawar i condl. Threw CaMM Scerano 
Roneiooe Walk*' rrvzro-sosiand flktar Brooder hmv Rrter 
RQ5o!m> 5 f'OM CP SO R GudOavUd 
icondjcr.' > Julian Uoyd Webber iceik)|. SidBvan: Ovetiure T* 
Snia' Cello Cj" rrrkr m D Etaar: RcwiAnce tar loroah Dl Enonu 

Vgtaiicr< Or 3a >11050 £9 50, C7 ». C6, £ a 50, C3 5G 

Marts* Robtoa : njroi Susan UOan (fluiei FaUa: State inw B 
Amor B-jiO ' Mozart L-crcertO ter Fh/te and Harp in C. K299 LBS 
Pon« Rrans iU«7onodrtga:Conoerioae Aranrueziarr lor 
hupi Sc yj a. ScvMfi yj, erso c& sc. ts sc. cc 
WREN ORCHESTRA OF LONDON. Jawk Kasprzyk icorooclon 
Jorvt Lie.' 0L£ no I MeodeUSOftn; Ov The Hezmes , Finer#- j 
Caw i Beethoven: Pane Concsno No S'Emoeror - Dvorak: 
Si-nanom, No ■? From me New WorttT. 

S jwuotc o-. CqjnaJ Hum LM C8 50.C7S0 C6.50.CS50.C4 
s: Georse's Day Concert LONDON SYMPHONY OHCH. 

UaiLice Ha-id lord condl Elisabeth fhrry London Ctwrei Soc. 
(Ladies) P'cs ' n ' : WBliam* The Lam Aacandng Brttton: Ttiung 
^rvjtisGurx?". 'nyCr mesvaHolat The Planets 
£10 50 C? r0 l8S*T t~ E6 C5 Raymond G«hu*Jtf Lnl 

ROYAL PHTLMARMOJdC ORCM. Nicrttjto Oeobury (ccuvdt 
Malcolm Bmns ounui Dukas: The Sorter er s Aporenoce 
Sibeirus: 'c.«nw Gerativno. Rhacs<u< m BMe TcradLovflky- 
Swan Lake Su'ie Soar. Pomp and Ocunstanc* Marcn No i 
Rjvel.Er>^:. L'O a E° 50. ease. C7.C6.CS P OubfiavlB 
CITY OF lONECN SINFOW A. Richard HlGkW (and i wilh Eden 
and Tamil Penelope Waknsley-Clai*, wmaatkendsll, 

Stephen V>rcec. Haydn: Sympnony Nt. £ Ufi Star PouSwrx^ 
Concent '<r TuwPijnas Sbavmstty: Putoneka iconejiAtei 
CSSP-LJ Soprsoreo oy Jpnn Ljgiq ConMnicoon l» 


Saeil-Sowm. ?iuK- in-racH' MM Walacr j.noei r . mi- Rih* 

.i>: Lon Si I Son 93 Fouro ano teuMlt Ai*t» b. HondN ana 
Maaart: Sate) ana iua 'oi nui* ana -urp o- Bobs. Faum Uiuyaw 

Oootaty. OiC L-' if> LT Zy-u>>. t i Pi 

■ MALCCMJU PROUD ".vci^rtiVoByittH J*o mtn «l.*jwg.u:ii ana ’SauL" J fcij.. ► iiin Look Cautrawn; 

Frobragv r t ucc-tio ui C Tc-acerai L*:aPin-ue U-Monce W)o-«a. 
5.k<OAV Bscrt- Farm no i m 3 -ui ftVV 475 

l£4 SO CWCY 1 IZ 

.TCHAIKOVSKY TRIO 8ow3l4wkn n a^ineti. •<*.,. Panel Wtnao* n > 
Iia AnauV LMannwn <y«d Bwtno-w Ti^ t u * : 'la' 
JBraMnu. Mio.nCm.MC.Oc ■ |, t SnonL.^ncn.Trc.nk mint*. OofT 

[‘ ■' LJ >) ilW C h. * 1 *. j.;i nine: Ayw.j 

lOorooru. Scw.-a >r S •' i: C- ' ^ Seeuiranti’Datnmy .*•> Ew»V* >n 
line rj.w n. * Canon J; S4 Lion •; jny.eio f jin.-riju,. PouUnc 
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.-n. 'ic P -r :urr*J fajOtJjftCjG C 



- WM fJ a? Li a) G-5u Dqy- »y*T.. 

mmdail QUENTIN POOLE OBOE QUARTET Francaie •->. i in s i *. x jry,..«s 
4srt j«c ,:>ni, Sdiubert: Traj- VI D4'i Oirwif Hnuaro in' JA 
Iron kMian J*ra- iouiki in - • . '•■> iro. NomAo' Vvkjn Rr.v«t» 

t;. h.^i. iP.irai-i Mj i r . im-.-r 

rvwy 'ANDREW KNIGHTS COM JANe DODO Ouno BitUyn. C M-Lnor- 
kanl rtvy-.-e*’ iHl' 0- id Ot- Sdusnjnn ’ ham irre,-. Oil SH UiHrldc: 

I pm rJc ;rmo-r HuCCrr 5o<i4l4 lot )rv>..wa ." Mi O Oomwr. 1 "rw 

•)4;.y>. NWrorol'-jnijs. fVMsOi 1 Sauti-SaJna. miui) Oc ivS 

t< *o Cj SC d 6 o C :. 1 . -7n grey C-:wc-w c . -ov-.^a 


lour fcuiajr TWOTHY ROKsns njtvHChya rdtmmrr /’#’*.> fig , 

I pm VUOIK ui 0 w»r VnaUk Too -yuu m A umv BacluVtntdE 
C-)nc..rtO BWy a: 5 MaM IsMK Buc* iraanv^i. T-t'j: 1 -. Pinctk. 

Yrtgitttna. an £yck- Weep Co»araimr-M: t-5C £350 C53 Zi 

artqr MICHELS CaMPANEUA r Bacft c >•'**>. ft f J.«L "• A oww 
(pat BW.’JCJ France PtMuae ' 4 r.iou-: Usat Pr-»Kfc-a fuau. 

I pm .*n tru namr ^ bsiWaynr Bi.v.'ipl) ''Qm Tna Raiq 

Lap mown . T>«ijn s l.oida Tkihu,. 

i.J ST O ;.T U iO Si lo-Mn Pianptowc S- '-” 

day CELESTE RUSH .» •’ STEPHEN SUJlELO ."u«o McswT ioroil .m 
ipwt »n j.'- Pioktnwr Sc.ou.i .n i minor 0 ? yj no i. Yioye &Y3 Sjmu 
pm No i BJIIAX- R» 3 «gWiO<vCa"> 6 ro.n 0 r 

|£JjJ £7 50 tJiU C Pm-*1 Ma 1 

say HQatnTO Al/SSELO'.rai BurtMiudr j.nlnmF Wrtw S'uie 

Iprtl Mu : ) L I I* Grtmcnte CoraiJi OwUI Gmolteu: S>‘3U Cif. 4? 

'pm Muaw s- FnncnKIeyniatojra Aaior Praznvia 

L4jd -115C 12 jO G Stiror».rtn>iQ m 

un JANET HORVATH ..4i.;. ARTHUR AOWE conr- Beamoron: So^jtJ 
Ipnl Oi 3 N.) I Wetm Plo&Qanay: ScnjU -n « Otxnsy SOnaia m C 
pm m.r^u LhBy Lorwn Juti.DiUnP'i HindenMIr i^.iola Op < ' 

Ijq ’ Caataan Acq:.:t»04 ILrJ L-' i>.uvaw.» Mt 

tear HEMES HcZNEK n.m'.»ma»o Muur o> mrS.*a»Hl yierume Schoor 
Iprl SctiaenOersr Tr... Compki- Ptano Wu:ic } Pinuir ‘Oi. n 61 *. 
pm P'*e«r. OP '? 5 Pray* Op 13 Fia"o *Vea. Zi> Ala OP J7t iu'ie 
S-jar-j Or I wteenvvaiA'-wsOnJT 

ts £S C« O '.'ickbai L'3 

Ipdf Morare Cuanm .n 0 K 3 *Pra~ 0 -* k J'* 1 ? O - u t Po ra u. Ouami in O 
pm 0( i * No J Brahrdn. Sane Qu.n-y: .r F . .I.n.y OP J4 

£: t4 Li t-’ :9 L ?rr iy. Sc»'^e* V SUSSO. 

rtrtsy LOWRi SLAKE yeko CAROLINE P ALMER uonc 

Iprl Brahms scn.v.i m E wna* Op V Muuy inyij t\ D minor 

pm Mlrtnr Jmjii 0 ti;o«a T-rar 19 .il JVc.^.-'i PcnOcwc Smu 1 

ti C4 O it JuviKw-R.irQw Mjn>yrm<t4 


iard The tmjl 01 me J| A kai rt P 1 ‘*v U-w-^-ji 6 <npiw^pip 

pm Pam*.-.'*’ Furrow An* and BJinr -v- A>-Wjojic P "V 

_ Stow tJ t>g..,i' Fn.l>umr«ae S.:ciyry 

ay GHECOP* MEW70N jo-iar Areyrtcanp.M T»n>rii On) basSx S-i.ic 
[ pill m a £iW ‘010 OwoPMI d atton: Amonc-in AnjCi. 1 Oy Almcia* Tr.r*v 
4 >m'ian Pi-t. - ) Duarte Aw.ot'c.r'j Op 96 Mutra b-r Fmsa. Vt allot 
i-or. j Airkoy-Moaoti. tJ 50 £3 id ■— Jl CJ T«ra> Suvra-c. -ifCi 



w ith JENNIFER PARTRIDGE piano and 

Monteverdi. Bach. Vhnx. Dvorak 
Schubert and Schumann 

f.-UH >\*. *rv.ii ,- 4 Hj. .-at. ! 



I blm t Qwwtyi . :?J?i JratacMc mi vs> ■ 'Sga. g ja-a Gra- 
UflOBLWOS EM SE ¥BL£ Gwyn Pmeittne :c*~l ChrMrahn Pro- 
pau aaoe SurNr Pcuo* «ko O-zaerth Qm :-r: ■- .. .-.ip*r v 

Thro* Scoro Y#jro sue Tew* 19 ts- 1985 *•• ; Sjuon. ftnyant 
Tww l na. Unman Bam i.-vi IBBraue. illi Hi C-l > Z LZ 
OPUS 20 Scan Sborrvm * pitj ifRYr.rn^ ; i.x vr.^.nA»T 

tanraorviiaineiu3‘ Elliot Cartrr. £. 1-71 %■• v-.-.i rtomian SuraW 
Symphc»«c Sdronan. 'ra*. «:»» I'Kt-mi 

t« p c-‘ius oaf- ueautCi cmb 

BBC SmeERS John UMtcw-ax**' NetusoK ".»n ic C ,^u- 
( 1 st pm I Hanot, li'-nmi-j e’slUr. »-n 1 
Murt oq n: O Sasti.m coograum Cmd'y^in-i hoyj nom BBC T.c-ai 'jra; l: n .yt 1 A» 

ENGLISH BAROOUE SQLOISTC. Jdtu- Qk. 1 Careuiar ^rz 
W a lc al m Bthan larta^ano Homrr i-.-nsra-yiv r.o Ji F;ro.j-a-*-j 
coweeno n J6 d Fowco-an.:. ancon j *■ 
e. cs C3 :k*t*»9 7Ts' t jwraunLa 

Sl 1*101*1 Saralb S-|Ujr*. NU I 

Mamlj> 21 Vil ai T. * pm 


Forit. puno UVnontn* K.4ra. ie K.iii7 

Sicirliuni No. iV Hal 1 rr.T 

Malcolm Bilson. foncpurio 
English Baroque Soioisib 
John Eli of Gardiner, condunof 


WEDNF.SD.VY Nh\T Iw APRIL ul 7-1^ pm 



Vr Vuin touik ranei tut lurSwr v.'Lij ■ 

in irtoculiau raith the NSO 

WtJA TONIGHT at 7.30 


JOHANN STR.41'53 C'.. FlyJrrirja.-.. .4 j.- .'.: Vw.^wt.y—ir, 

U uckoo P.’lkj E-T- p:un M jiJi. C hintr«cn« iuHa. .■’-ryct JUT. 'Vue. 
PlZZICjm r.’lla. Pj-lsTJCV M4nh.Mu< t’jnu-* LEH VR I’ltK^ai .«!-.a: 
WjI-.SUPPE ('•. p.w A Pa -jr.i. UA1GTEUFEL t-panj. 
SCHUBERT Mrerkt-^ 

L 14H .,. .'n 4 , 1 . 1,7 *,t. .s nil. t-b « :t.J" HjV*-* *!«•: ••L-X-UiO 


'FirM perfornunceiti ihc work recnnsirticicd 
h> SirChJrle-Md»;kerra«. jnd David Mackic 

Sundav '7 April L.yiipm 


Oienure ‘H.inilet.' Piano Concerto No (. 
Svmphonv Sofr Patheiique' 

N AI M GRl BERT piano 

Seal Prices >. ;7 ArniLln 5". £x 5fi.r.5tt. Eh.tJ 5n.L5.SL 
NcjiPtiCl- I? SUE. 1 Si 
B.t’ OtiiccTU. !<»■* ci.iy Jjy ncl SiinOI-h.'Ks.SMl »OS87Q5 


Music Director: John Maaccri 

29April-9Aiay at the Barbican 


TvcAdav 29 April “.45 pm 
Lulus Foss t~.or.Jm Wr 

F ridav 2 May 7.4? pm 

BERNSTEIN Semphnns No I'.Jnemuh- 

MAHLER Svmobttm No 1 

Heal her Harper v.prjii’ JelYrev Taic CjnJmior 

U 10.50 CS ?0 E“.5u Lb C4.5i) €3.50 onlv 

Sunday 4 May 7.30 pm 

Note final coifing inc. 

Terence Stcmp narrator 

STRAVINSKY Sur Spangled Banner 

BLJTZSTEiN 'The A: r home’ Sv mf -hons 


Terence Sump ’unraair 

Mark Tin Uer. Lummi Evans 

Non CanMit:. kwi^-llc 

Dav id Eislcr. Bunasenuira Butione 

The Richard Hidwx •singers 

John Mjucen t?.nn&h'f-ir 

ES.50 17.Sn An £4.5ii £3.50 only 

Tuesday 6 May 7.45 pm 

In the presence of HM The Queen and 

HRH The Duke of Edinburgh 

BERNSTEIN dnchcsicr Pylms SemruJe: Ace ofAiwief)' 

Krysiun Zimermjn P^no Guiiin Krcmcr Vwim 

A led J-me* Bir-iopran,, London Symphuny Chorus 

Leonard Bernstein u nr 

t/jii/Cvmvrf in uJoJlieLSQ Trust 

£100 £5H onlv 

Prices mc.W.ekanipJ^e d'eanapts 

Leonard B.t lutem't appearjc.v jr tAe Lon dun t err 
.m rne f>tk May is madt [\nsibl._h tbtL The Archive h 
nfTirrr. m breru’n u / shitr ~Sth ffiuiirfrwrv 

Thursday 8 May 7.45 pin 
BERNSTEIN A Musical T«« 

IVES The Unanswered Question 

BRITTEN Four Sea Interludes from FeterCrimcs 

BERNSTEIN Svmpbonic Dances from West Side Store 


John -Mauten CiwJwtor 

£8.5'.i £7 50 £K £4 50 £3.50 only 

Friday 9 May 7.45 pm 
rrozram me as for b May 
I .tonarJ Bcrn-.i cm Ctra.'xeh* 

Ret urr.> only 

The Bernstein Fcsin'al is cc**ptmsartri by the London 
Connection Cop/toL trJ and Endless Holdings Lid. 
y.ssOt lice Tel Kly e'en dj\ me I Sun 01-638 8891 -628X705 

MjRSI AX ME All'll /RF. I'li'.CEP l S pte»emv ji the Bjtbu an 
Tl tSDAY 1J 'ptiltaf pm 


Kutiiin.' llie ju’henii. -.njihl. i .t'.lk'Ciil.rj.'iuiK jml u/.' Ir. m 
ihi mm the .v.nurs Hu I'Cto and IljI urine 'he ui-ik».'l 

Sent l Juplirt Jrllv Roll Morluu AJ. Pircm 



' at che BARBICAN 

TONIGHT at 8 pm 


Itodd ....... MUSIC fOR THE ROYAL FlltfWOlUtS 

K rf i. m - T j M * PIANO CONCERTO NOJ 

Boetbiroo. - SYMHfOYVfWJ 

i T.frp.CB-SO.P'^.LUka 



© Potooalac aact Wmlcx from ’EsgcocOozght'; 

Pfano Coocemo NoJ; i 

Math Save; The N mcmc t rr Snkct I 

Overture ‘1812* with Cannon & 

Mortar Effects . . 




£5. L**C «.£*-«■ £940 



omej:? ism Pi 


930 *>1» E'« *■ ““ 



lend meate 

*Muu|HtLY FDWf Y 


THL T0P"C««« 

laochwg roo hn^w; 

A Comedy W •** 

Directed By Danid ' 

n. ’ -i-n gl 

tiHfam ew cM i 

fraBrttJ DM* 

n tn 

AvSSnwwr* wtAT 
WM*e ’* JOJ- 




* JS 

OuraM Turo. Tgllk 


sadv and M 

Ti»inom*w I.» .April 7.30pm 


R1MSKY-KORSAKOV Suite from 'TsarSalian 




Sundav 2** April 7.3tipm 


pla>> Suilivar.'s Mom' Cello Concerto* 

SCLLIVXN Ovenure'Di Balin' 

Sl'Ll.iV AN Cello C iMKctio in D 

FLO \R Romance i.uranitcd lorcdloj 

ELCAR ... Enigma Variations 

Q. ffs IP. J3 50. C> M. £tq» 

WEDNESDAY 21 APRH. « 8 pm 







tf. £». O CASO. i°.so.£ia^o 
THURSDAY 24 APRIL ax 7.45 pm 




SifediD* ifPOANDM 




klrol .....BOLERO 

P. £&*>• & "O. O0 50 

THURSDAY 1 MAY m 7A5 pm 




tk vBf Schubert .. . SYMPHONY NO* < UNFINISHED) 








Prti^ me Botmxs: WHEam Tell i N . The Barber of i 
jHh&SK SrviUe Lorpi j! Mamuri. Verde Nabucco dtona of 

JKnH the Hebrew Slain. Don Carlo* Friendship Duo. II 

Q Trmtnorc Anvil Chorine Aida Grand .March. Cdesxe 

I hyull Anil. Borodin; Prince hear Pjkwsnc Dances Bizet: ■ 

Pearl Frthera Doc. Cannes Hobmeia. Flower Song, . 
Cjyimtitu. Ft i - u mra ml Song of dk Toadar. 



Faduc Tt unt ai at from the Band of the Webh Guard* 

1% 4SN C: £SRL £ia £l L50 

to Office .01-13 TOY- Cmfct Czrtb 01-W8 «9f i .T ' -' 

■ JOIN OUR FREE MAILING LIST. Wrac w Raynwod GuhbzyLld. 

12' Tonathan On Road. Loodoo Wl or phone 01-387 2062 


Bax office A rr 
Can 24 nr 7 nay « 





mxi pus _co MHC 
sEomtn mw 





S5OA606 cr mate 
Flrel Cod 24-rt~«- 
cc booMT 
**A Windarlid 
ly f Bo red to 

A New put tar 


thnc cxn * *!*£ 



"ildspdv * “ 


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Symphonic scoicsffroin Beethoven (left) and Mozart 

Musical proof that 
history isn’t bunk 

I cannot say whether or not 
the Orchestra of the 18th 
Century reproduce any of the 
styles of that temporally and 
geographically multifarious 
period; the question is of 
course unanswerable, irreks 
vant and probably 

But 1 can say that their 
performances of symphonies 
by Mozart and Beethoven, 
conducted by Frans Bruggen, 
are mirades of grace, energy, 
searching musicianship and 
illumination. One might even 
feel a bit naughty listening to 
them, for at last they offer a 
“historical" style without the 
usual penitential sound: the 
strings are light and agile, the 
wind a bunch of son-toned 
individuals, and they all play 
in tune. 

But perhaps what most 
distinguishes these perfor- 
mances is the evidence of a 
shaping sensitivity contained 
within each line. The result 
seems to be a communal 
proposal guided and vitalized 
by Bruggen: a piece of large 
chamber music. And that 
allows for a nice ambiguity in 
much of the Mozart between 
passionate song and elegant 
dance, or in the Beethoven for 
a very startling display of what 
a startling piece it is. 

If we have many more 
records like this, it is the 
conventional performances 
that win start to sound 
strange. Such comparisons are 
not, though, the reason for my 
dissatisfaction with the Bee- 
thoven offered by Murray 
Perahia and the Concert- 
gebouw under Haitink. 

Nor are those artists partic- 


Mozart Symphony No 40, 
Beethoven: Symphony No 1 
Orchestra of the 18th 
Century/Bruggen. Philips 416 
329-1 (1 black disc, also 
cassette and CD) 

Beethoven: Piano 
Concertos Nos 3 and 4 
Perahia, Concert- 
gebouw/Haitink. CBS 1M 
.39814(1 black disc) 
Shostakovich: Symphony 
No 13, song cycles Soloists, 
Cones rtgebouw/H ait ink. 

Decca 414 410-1 (2 black 
discs, also 2 cassettes) 

No 5, The Voyevode Chk 
SO/Abbado. CBS IM 
(1 black disc) 

Tchaikovsky: Piano 
Concerto No 1 Pogorelich. 
LSO/Abbado. DG415 122-1 
1 black cfisc, also cassette and 

ularly to blame. Perahia. even 
outside his usual territory, is a 
constant fund of neta ideas — 
and not just dreamy 
imaginings but also some very 
sharp retorts, in the finale of 
the G major concerto, for 
instance- But his piano sounds 
so enormously larger than the 
orchestra as to destroy any 
illusion of dialogue: there is 
the curious impression of a 
pianist of highly tuned sensi- 
bility in an artificial, insensate 

Nor, sadly, can I be very 
encouraging about Haitink's 
new recording of 
Shostakovich's “Babi Yar” 
symphony. Here again (and 
bow necessary it is in this 
right combination of grimness 
and nobility, of suffering and 
work) Haitmk provides the- 
se renity. the sense of a com- 
poser doomed to grandeur. 

The problem is with the 
solo part, which is all-impor- 
tant (the bass is effectively the 
spokesman for all those taking 
[art, whether as musicians or 
as listeners), but which is 
robbed of its authority here by 
Marius Rintzler’s uncon- 
trolled vibrato. The song cy- 
cles — the superb late 
Tsvetayeva set and the Jewish 
folk poems — are much better 
done, with different soloists, 
and one hopes they may be 
made available in another 

The qualities of Haitink's 
Shostakovich are not so differ- 
ent from those of Abbado's 
Tchaikovsky, except that 
Abbado gives more evidence 
of loving sheer tone quality 
(though of course Tchai- 
kovsky's tone quality is much 
easier to love, especially when 
h is being (nought to life by 
the Chicago Symphony). 

His recording of the E 
Minor Symphony is very plea- 
surable, even if it does not 
come near disguising the repe- 
titiousness of the slow move- 
ment or what always sounds 
like a misjudgement of pos- 
ture in the finale. 

It is not, you may gather, 
very surprising, which certain- 
ly cannot be said of the 
recording of the First Piano 
Concerto featuring Ivo 
Pogorelich. Here one barely 
notices what the orchestra is 
doing, or indeed what the 
work is doing, so full of 
vainglorious eccentricity is the 
solo playing. With no cou- 
pling, this is strictly for the 
Pogo fans. 

Paul Griffiths 

The last great romantic 

Horowitz: Bach- 
Chopki/Rachmanhtov, etc- 
DG CD 419 045-2 (IP 419 045- 

I and cassette 419 045-4 
also available). 

Chopin: The 19 Waltzes. 

Zottan Kocsis. Ptiiflps CD 412 
890-2 (LP 6514 280 and 
cassette 7337 280 also 

The Art of Marion 

Anderson: arias, «ngs and 

spirituals. HMV EG 29 
00161 . black disc (cassette EG 
29 001 6 4 also available). 
Canieioube: Chants 
d 1 Auvergne Vol2*Triptyque. 
Von Stade/Roya! 
Philharmonic/de Almeida. CBS 
IM 37837 (Mack disc). 

Recording, especially on com- 
pact disc, gives just that' 
illusion of the definitive which 
Vladimir Horowitz would be 
the first to reject. Yet here are 

I I archetypal, performances, 

frozen into perpetuity and 
taken from a film, Horowitz, 
the fast Romantic, made a year 
ago and due to be screened on 
Channel 4. ... 

Bui it is precisely because 
Horowitz has been the most 
volatile of perform ere all fare 
fife, genuinely incapable ot 
giving the same performance 
twice, that the music seems to 
shift and change attach 
listening, so rich m unpredict- 
able detail are these per- 
formances. . 

H would be worth buymg 
the Bach-BnsoBi/Mamiy- 
Chop in /Rachmaninov CD for 
single moments like i be two 
opening chords of his Chopin 
B minor Scherzo, cadi one a 
single distillation of the ex- 
pressive range which is to 
come. And then there is bis 
Mozart. Here Horowitz 
chooses meticulously nom 
what he has so often spoken ot 
as his instrument's hundreds 
of sounds and tones between 
piano and forte, to find the 
voices, weights and no- 
minees peculiar to Mozarts 

His scampering mezzo-stac- 
cato in the C mftfor K330 
Sonata has a coppery bnl- 

Clearty different: Vladimir Horowitz, captured oa CD 

fiance which lets fight into its 
innermost voices and sets up 
an audacious game of hide- 
and-seek in the finale. There is 
Scriabin, Schumann and 
Liszt, too: and a performance 
of Schubert's A flat major 
impromptu in which the sud- 
den surfacing of a single 
sympathetic note can recolour 
and reshape one's, entire lis- 
tening response. 

Horowitz at .82 sounds 
younger than the 34ryear-oJd 
Zoftan Kocsis whose J9SI 
recording of Chopin: the 19 
waltzes has just been released 
on CD. What ihese-fluent and 
sensitive performances have 
always lacked is a sense of the 
son. of quicksilver response 
which can catch the breath of 
the listener and make him 
wonder as well as admire. 

Where they gain is in what 
Kocsis makes of their se- 
quence: The sparkling ^liety 
Of No 4*s “Valse briUanie”.for 
instance, rises out of. the 
introspection of the A minor 
and bounces, in turn, imo the 
eddying passqgework of bis 
“Grande Valse". 

The Art of Marion Ander- 
son has just appeared in the 
HMV Treasury, skilfully 
transferred from 78s and re- 
mastered by Keith Hardwick. 

Anderson was the first black 
singer to be hired by the Met 
in 1955: the simplicity and- 
dignity. of .her “He was 

despised" cuts through the 
somewhat boxy resonance of 
the recording, in her firm 
steady bass clarinet of a 
mezzo. One of the most 
startling tracks is her 1936 
recording of Schubert's 
“Death and the Maiden" in 
which the voice creates two 
masks: the vulnerability of 
youth in her ringing high 
register and. in an unearthly 
basso profundo, the stillness 
of eternity. 

Where the inflections of 
speech rise into folksong, in 
spiritual or in Scandinavian 
song. Anderson responds with 
a reflective, almost private: 
simplicity. Her traditional 
Finnish “Tuku, tuku" and her 
“Deep River" become cameos 
of her performing personality. 

Gmirioube’s settings of the 
folksong of his own region 
have found similar sympathy 
in the voice of Frederica von 
Slade. Her second volume of 
the Chants d'Auvergne offers 
the gently retrospective “At 
the Mirabel Bridge", the wry 
“Hunchback" and still more 
vocalized drifting from hilltop 
to hilltop. 

To fill out the first side we 
have the Chaussonesque 
Triptyque — steamy. late-Ro- 
mantic settings of Roger 
Frtne’s pantheistic love 


Hilary Finch 


Solving the 

of France 


The BBC has collected an 
interesting mixed bag of 
French films from the late 
1930s and !940s, a period of 
great artistic achievement in 
the French cinema, which 
produced masterpieces like 
Marcel Carrie's Les Enfants du 
Paradis and Le Jour Se Live 
and Renoir’s La Rtgle du Jeu. 

The five films in the BBC 
season (showing Monday-Fri- 
day, 2pm) are nor from the top 
league but they are all enjoy- 
ably watchable and demon- 
strate the depth of talent in the 
French cinema at the time. 
Some of the directors and 
actors featured are now largely 
forgotten; others went on to 
greater acclaim. 

The Murderer Lives at 
N amber 21, made in 1942 
(Monday), was Henri-Georges 
Clouzot's debat as a director. 
He later went on to make two 
of the most praised suspense 
films of the 1 950s - Les 
Diaboliques and The Wages of 
Fear, His first film was a tight 
low-key thriller full of grainy 
Parisian atmosphere. Pierre 
Fresnay plays the inspector 
investigating four murders in 
Montmartre. He suspects a 
lodger at the address in the 
title and moves into the 
building himself to pursue 

Rigolboche (1936, Tuesday) 

Legends of 
the desert 


is a melodrama worth watch- 
ing mainly for a rare film 
appearance of the flamboyant 
Mislinguett who, logether 
with her lover Maurice Cheva- 
lier. dominated the French 
music hall in the inter-war 
years. Misiingueu portrays a 
woman who flees Senegal for 
Paris after a killing, becomes a 
famous cabaret star but finds 
her past catching up with her. 
Rigoihoche (her stage name) 
was directed by the prolific 
Cfcriszian-Jaque. who made 
more than 50 films, many of 
them on historical themes. 

Love Eternal (1943. 
Wednesday) is typical of a 
number of French films made 
during the war. Prevented by 
the German occupation from 
making realistic contempo- 
rary films, directors and writ- 
ers turned to allegory to make 
their point about the state of 
France. Love Eternal , a huge 
commercial success at the 
time, was directed by Jean 
DeJannoy but its true creator 
was Jean Cocteau who wrote 
the screenplay — a modem 
reworking of Tristan and Isol- 
de - and was responsible for 
the surrealist images. 

The End of the Day (1943. 
Thursday) has masterful per- 
formances by Louis Jouvet, 
one of the leading stage and 
film actors of the period, and 
Michel Simon, the ugly gravel- 
ly-voiced character actor of 
many French films of the 
1930s. The title refers to a 
home for elderly actors to 
which Jouvet has just retired. 

Double vision: Bernard Blier and Simone Sign or et as husband and wife in The Wanton 

joyously captivating as a girl 
loved by two men (Channel 
4. Wed. 10-1 1.55pm). 

The awakening of old emo- 
tions and jealousies among the 
inmates is sensitively and 
movingly conveyed. The di- 
rector Julien Duvivier was 
one of the great “poet-realists" 
of the 1930s cinema, whose 
classics include Camct de Bal 
and Pepe-le-Xtoko. 

Friday’s offering is The 
Wanton (Maneges). From a 
slightly later generation, 1949, 
it is a very French story of 
marital infidelity, told 
through competing flash- 
backs — one set representing 
marriage as ideal, the other 
revealing the truth. Simone 
Signoret was directed by her 
then husband, Yves Allegret. 

Marcel Berlins 


A Damsel in Distress 
(1937): Fred Astaire without 
Ginger Rogers (Joan 
Fontaine substituted) in 
pleasant Gershwin hit 
musical. P.G. Wodehouse had 
a hand in the writing (BBC2, 
Tues, 3.35-5. 15pm). 

Because You're Mine 
(1952): Mario Lanza was no 
actor, and the film's plot is 
irrelevant, but it is a good 
reminder of an 
extraordinaiy singing voice 
(Channel 4, Tues, 9- 

Jutes et Jim (1962): 

Francois Truffaut's brilliant 
elegant, ebullient study of 
tangled friendships and love, 
with Jeanne Moreau 

This England (1941): 

Uplifting wartime patriotism, 
following the history of an 
English village and its stalwart 
citizens through the 
centuries. Dated, occasionally 
risible but fascinating 
(Channel 4. Thurs, 5-6.25pm). 

‘Lianna (1982): John 
Sayfes's impressive film about 
lesbian love is illuminating, 
unpatronizing, fresh, full of 
humour, and serious 
without being preachy 
(Channel 4, Fri, 11.1 5pm- 
1 20am). 

■First British television 

The legend of T. E Lawrence 
— soldier, scholar and ro- 
mantic philosopher — has not 
diminished with time. His 
reputation may have become 
tarnished but the epithet Law- 
rence of Arabia, in no small 
pan thanks to David Lean's 
film, conjures up images of 
flowing white robes, the burn- 
ing desert sun and a man's 
moral integrity. 

Omnibus: Lawrence and 
Arabia (BBC1, Fri, 10.25- 
11.55pm), a roaming, reap- 
praising documentary that 
dispenses conflicting opinion, 
some skeletons, rarely-seen 
newsreel footage and photo- 
graphs by Lawrence, may 
debunk some of Lean's images 
and popular myths propagat- 
ed by the media circus in the 
1920s, but the lion-hearted 
crusader emerges with reputa- 
tion substantially intact 

Julia Cave, the producer, 
has assembled a comprehen- 
sive collection of witnesses 
who actually knew the enig- 
matic man, including his 86- 
year-old brother and the 
eloquent Canon HalLa friend 
at school and university, now 
aged 98. 

Their memories, un- 
dimmed, raise this excellent 
programme from the realms of 
retrospective theory to re- 
membrances of an extraordi- 
nary life. 

In Horizon: Nice Gays Fin- 
ish First (BBC 2, Moo, 8.10- 

.. •••<.• „-s 

'■ .. + **.■•. 

■<\N< L* ,.. 

A celebration of the 
best of Beckett 


From the sands of time: Lawrence of Arabia in 1917 

9pm). Dr Richard Dawkins, a 
zoologist from Oxford Uni- 
versity, demolishes the "sur- 
vival of the finest/strongest" 
view of evolution with a 
certain staid pleasure. He 
shows a world where cheats 
never prosper and co-opera- 
tion is mutually beneficial. Put 
simply, reciprocal altruism 
boils down to: "If you scratch 
my back. Til scratch yours". lo 
that game everyone is a 

Zastnizzi (Channel 4, to- 
morrow, 9-lOpm). a nightmar- 
ish four-part Gothic fantasy 
based on a deservedly forgot- 
ten novel that the poet Shelley 
wrote as an 18-year-old in 
1810. is self-indulgent and 

The story is impenetrable 
and riddled with monosyllabic 
rumblings and metaphysical 
digressions, so the sparing 
extracts of Shelley's flowery 
prose sparkle in contrast. 

Proof that animal lovers 
recognize no frontiers comes 
in Darrell in Russia (Channel 
4, tomorrow, 4.45-5.1 5pm )._ 

The Soviet Union, which 
comprises one-sixth of the 
world’s land surface with 
many climatic zones, is a 
treasure trove of rarely tele- 
vised wildlife. The genial Ger- 
ald Dunrell proves a relaxed 
and informative guide, equal- 
ly popular with animals and 

As you would expect from a 
thriller from the pen of Ian 
Kennedy Martin, creator of 
The Sweeney, and directed by 
Ian Toymo’n ( Widows and 
Minder). The Fourth Floor 
(ITV, Mon. Tues and Wed, 9- 
10pm) is gutsy, pacy and 

Christopher Fulford and 
Richard Graham, as Sergeants 
Miller and Collins, spearhead 
the action as hard men in 
pursuit of granite-faced vil- 
lains. Someone somewhere is 
shopping heroin couriers. 

But that is only the begin- 
ning of a deadly 

Bob Williams 

Tomorrow is Samuel Beckett's 
official 80th birthday. As 
readers of The Times diary 
(and of his biography) wQl 
know, he was actually bora oa 
May 13 - bat Radio 3 is going 
along with Beckett's own ver- 
sion of things and will be 
celebrating from tomorrow. 

On that day they will broad- 
cast All That Fall (7.30- 
8.40pm), a play commissioned 
by the BBC and first beard in 
1957. Those wary of Beckett's 
forbidding reputation would do 
well to try this relatively light 
and very funny piece. Set in a 
kind of imaginary Ireland, full 
of self-conscious sound effects, 
it 1ms in its cast two of the 
great Beckett actors -Jack 
MacGowran and Patrick 

These two — both blessed 
with wonderfully compelling 
voices — can be heard again 
on Tuesday in Embers (Radio 
3, 7 JO-8.1 5pm), a piece writ- 
ten specially for them. To 
Beckett's surprise, this play 
won the Prix Italia in 1959 — 
be even attended the award 
ceremony in Sorrento. 

Rough for Radio (Radio 3, 
Wednesday, 9.45-l0.10pm) 
was first broadcast on 
Beckett's 70lh birthday, and is 
a translation by the anchor of 
his French original. And final- 
ly, A Piece of Monologue 
(Friday, 9.10-9.25pm) rounds 
off the celebrations — which, 
by the way. have the official 
Beckett seal of approval. A 
Piece of Monologue is a new 
production, by Ronald Mason, 

of a piece originally written for 
the stage in 1980, and the 
reader — Beckett’s choice — 
will be that excellent radio 
actor Ronald Pickup. This one 
begins with the definitive ut- 
terance, “Birth was the death 
of him..." 

Death on a grand scale is 
the subject of a fascinating 
investigation into the plague 
epidemics of the Middle Ages 
by Geoff Watts. The Onely 
Sicknesse (Radio 4, tomorrow, 
10.15-1 lpm) looks particular- 
ly at the measnres taken to 
contain the disease, and won- 
ders whether bubonic plague 
alone was responsible . 

More appetizingly, a new 
panel game called Questions 
of Taste (Radio 4, today, 
12.27-1 pm) begins with Rus- 
sel! Davies in the chair. The 
subject is food and drink, and 
the two teams will be led by 
foodie Paul Levy and 
oenophDe Oz Clarke. 

It’s Your World (Radio 4, 
tomorrow, 12.10-lpm) returns 
with a new series of interna- 
tional phone-ins. David 
Lange, the controversial New 
Zealand prime minister, is 
first into the rather tepid hot 
seat. Over on Radio 3, Conti- 
nental Cabaret Chansons (to- 
night, 11-1 1.30pm) will be 
exploring the history of Euro- 
pean cabaret for the next eight 
weeks, with recordings of 
many legendary voices from 
Paris, Berlin, Vienna, Zorich, 
and so on. The first pro- 
gramme includes rare waxings 
of Yvette Guilbert and 
Aristide Brnanf — not to men- 
tion the Comedian Harmo- 
nists, evoking "The Crocodile 
Bar on the River Nile". 

Nigel Andrew 



KOBNtG/LPO: Jan Latham- 
Koenta conducts the LPO in 
Glinka s Ruslan and 
Ludmilla Overture, Handel’s 
Music for the Royal 
Fireworks, Beethoven’s 
Symphony No 5, arid 
Howard Shelley solos in 
Rachmaninov's Piano 
Concerto No 2. 

Barbican Centre, SBk 
Street, London EC2 (01-628 
8795, credit cards 01 -638 
8891). Today, 8pm. 

veteran pianist plays Chopin's 
Etudes Op 25, Ravel's 
Vaises Nobles et 

Beethoven’s Les AtSeux 
Sonata Op 81a. 

Queen Elizabeth HaB, South 
Bank. London SE1 (01-928 
3191 , credit cards 01-928 
8800). Tomorrow, 3pm. 


The LSO is conducted by 
Gennadi Rozhdestvensky in 
a suite from Rimsky- 
Korsakov’s Tzar Sultan, 
Mendelssohn s Violin Concerto 
(soloist, Frank Zimmerman) 
and Tchaikovsky’s Symphony 
No 4. 

Barbican Centre. 

Tomorrow, 7 -30pm. 

ALL MOZART: Symphony 
No 35 Haffnor precedes the 
Requiem performed by the 
London Philharmonic Choir. 
Orchestra and soloists 
under J6sus LOpez-Gobos. 
Royal Festival Half. 

Tomorrow, 3.15pm. 


Haydn's Symphony No 104 
London and Schubert's 

• Mass D 950. are interpreted by 
Collegium Museum under 
Edition Colomer. 

St John's Smith Square, 
London SW1 (01-222 1061). 
Tues, 7.30pm. 

Poole Oboe Quartet plays 
works by Mozart Schubert 
Franc^ix. Knussen, and Ivor 
Novell's Starlight 

Wigmore HaH. 36 Wk 
Street. London W1 (01 ■ 

2141). Wed. 7.30pm. 

PIERS LANE: An admirable 
pianist. Piers Lane performs 
Beethoven's Appassionata 
Sonata Op 57, Rachmaninov's 
Preludes Op 23 and the 
luxuriant Sctuilz-Evler Blue 
Danube Paraphrase. 

Queen Elizabeth HaJL Wed, 

OPUS 20: This string 
ensemble follows up its 
promising January debut 

with a programme including 
Elegy by Elliott Carter 
(above), a rather intense Suite 
by Lou Harrison and a new 
piece by Scott Stroman. 

St John's. Thurs, 7.30pm. 

iLPO/GROVES: Sir Charles 

Groves conducts the LPO in 
Borodin's Prince Igor 
Overture. Shostakovich's 
Violin Concerto No 1 
(soloist Lydia Mordkovitch) 
and Tchaikovsky's Sleeping 
Beauty Suite. 

Royal Festival Han. Fri, 



for his work on the ECM label, 
specializing in muted 
chamber-jazz, the Norwegian 
bassist brings his quintet to 
Britain for the first time. 
Tonight Donmar 
Warehouse. Eartham Street, 
London WC2 (01-240 8230). 


Led by the distinctively soulful 
voice of Roland Gift, this 
band deserved the reputation 
they made last year. Now 
can they maintain the 




Personal and phone bookings 
opened this week for 
Dalliance. Tom Stoppard's 
version of Arthur 
Schmtzier's Ubelei, which 
opens at the Lyttelton on 
May 27. Cast includes Michael 
Bryant and Bara 
Kestelman, directed by Peter 

National Theatre, South 
Bank. London SE1 (01-928 

THE RING: Postal bookings 
open Mon for complete 

Wagner cycle by Welsh 
National Opera sung in 
English. Sept 25-Oct 2. 
Tickets from £7.50. 

Royal Opera House. Covent 
Garden, London WC2 (01 -240 

THEATRE: Bookings open for 
25th season with 
productions of The Chalk 
Garden, The Relapse, Jane 
Eyre and Annie Get Your Gun. 

Chichester Festival 
Theatre, Chichester. East 
Sussex (0243 781312). 


in series from the archive 
collection including works by 
Edward Bawden. Graham 
Sutherland and William 
Turnbull. Ends tomorrow- 
Tate Gallery. Mrllbarrk, 
London SW1 (01-821 1313). 

Collection of objects which 

ping, tinkle and dang, 

Ends tomorrow. 

Barbican Centre. Silk 
Street, London EC2 (01*638 

Tonight, Queen's HaB, 
Edinburgh (031 668 3456); 
Mon, St George's Hall, 
Bradford (0274 752000): Tues, 
Powerhouse. Birmingham 
(021 643 4715): Wed, Town 
and Country Club. 9-1 7 
Highgate Road, London NW5 
(01 '£67 3334). 

Power of Love", by Barbra 
Streisand out of Donna 
Summer, gave her instant 
membership of the club of 
one-hit wonders. Most people 
don't even manage that 
Tomorrow, Edinburgh 
Playhouse (031 557 2590); 
Tues, Sheffield City Hall 
(0742 735295); Thurs, 
Birmingham Odeon (021 
643 6101): Fri, Royal Concert 
Hall, Nottingham (0602 

of the world's jazz-rock 
drummers brings in his own 
band. Glass Menagerie. 

Tues, Fairfield Halls, 

Croydon (01 -688 9291 ); Wed 
and Thurs, Dingwails. 

Camden Lock, Chalk Farm 
Road. London NW1 (01-267 

five-faceted jewel in Motown 's 
crown, responsible for 
umpteen classic records from 
•■My Girt" to "Papa Was a 
Rollin’ Stone”, they were also 
the sharpest dancers on a 
label noted for hot 

Wed to Fri, Hammersmith 
Odeon, Queen Caroline Street, 
London W6 (01-748 4061). 

Concerts: Max Harrison: 
Rock & Jazz: Richard 
Williams; Bookings: 
Anne Whitehoose 



A - . . 

4> • 



SMALL WORLD: Johnny Morris 

combines his best-known roles of 
globe-trotter and broadcaster for 
Around the World in 25 Years, an 
amiable recollection of travels to 
Corsica, South America, Malaya and 
most other points of the compass. 
Radio 4, Wednesday, 12.27-I2.55pm. 


SOLID SOUL: James Brown, the 
great singer who stripped away the 
trimmings of pop music, inspired 
die young Mick J agger and took the 
beat back to Africa, is still an 
awesome sight some 20 years after 


FUNNY GIRL Maureen Lipman 

leads the Leonard Bernstein musical. 
Wonderful Town!, in its first 
production in Britain for more than 30 
years. It is the story of two Ohio 
girls living it up in New York. Palace 
Watford (0923 25671), from 
Wednesday after previews. 




Belinda Lang replaces Carfene 
Carter, alongside Diane 
Langton, Mary Maddox. Louise 
Gold, as housewives who 
abandon domestic drudgery 
for the chance of success in 
rock music. American musical 
by A. M. Collins and Chad 
Henry in British premiere. Art 
Wolff directs. 

Lyric Studio. King Street, 
Hammersmith. London W6 (01- 
741 231 1). Previews Tues-Apr 
21. Opens Apr 22. 


version of a play with music, 
first seen in 1980. Written 



production of a comedy by 
Richard Harris, with John 
AWerton as a man whose 
relationships with his ex-wife, 
mistress and mother are 
dominated by his DIY skill. 
Directed by Roger CllssokJ, 
with Gwen Taylor. Scheduled 
for presentation in the West 

Thorndike Theatre (0372 
377677). Opens Tues. 

Stood the Wind for France: 
Premiere production of 
Gregory Evans's dramatization 
ofKE. Bates's novel of 
wartime France. Directed by 
Michael Napier Brown. 

Royal Theatre (0604 




Mixed work by 23 sculptors 
including Elizabeth Frink and 
Terry Hammill in new exhibition 

Yorkshire Sculpture Park. 
Bretton Hall College. West 
Bretton. near Wakefield. (0924 
85579). From today. 


Painting, drawing, prints and 
posters from the Weimar 
Republic, seen in their social 

by Mel Smith (above), Bob 
Goody, Peter Brewis. Smith, 
Goody, Paul Bown and 
Philip Davis are featured, with 
a band including Brewis, 

Bob Critchley and Mark 

Hampstead (01-722 9301). 
Previews today and Mon. 
Opens Tues. 


ORPHANS: Albert Finney, 

Kevin Anderson and Jess 
Fahey grace an ordinary 
American psychodrama with 
cracking performances. 

Apollo (01 -437 2663). 

MEDEA: Eileen Atkins makes 
an impassioned and 
compellingly sympathetic 
wronged wife in Toby 
Robertson's stark version of 

Young Vic (01 -928 6363). 

David Mamet's hard-edged, 
acerbic vision of duplicitous 
Chicago estate agents at work 
and play. 

Mermaid (01-236 5566). 


BATH: Present Laughter 
Francis Matthews, Angela 
Browne, Helen Christie. 

Judi Trott lead In a new touring 
production of Noel 
Coward's comedy, directed by 
Hugh Wooldridge. First 
stop on tour. 

Theatre Royal (0225 
65065). Opens Mon. 

EDINBURGH: The Beggar’s 
Opera: A new text written by 
David MacLennan , a new 
score by David McNtven, the 
television music writer, and 
a co-production with Wildcat 
Stage Productions suggest 
that this updating of John 

Sainsbury Centre. University of 
East Anglia, Norwich (0603 
56161). From today. 

rare British art form enjoyed 
popularity in the 1920s. 
Subjects vary from a pink 
elephant enjoying a feed, to 
Glasgow tenements. 

Alpine Gallery. 74 South 
Audley Street London W1 
(information 01-493 2820). 

From Tues. 


Commemoration of the co- 
operation between the Anglo- 
Spanish forces during the 
Peninsular war, 1808-1814, 
with uniforms, equipment and 

National Army Museum, Royal 
Hospital Road, London SW3 
(01-730 0717). From Tues. 

fashioned millionaire's dream, 
with rubies, emeralds, 
cornelian and jade for sale, or 
for window shopping, with the 
first collection of Islamic 
jewellery to come on the 

Spink and Son, 5 Kina Street, 
London SW1 (01-9307888). 
From Tues. 

MOTOR CAR: Wide-ranging 
exploration of the motor car 
covering 100 years. Lots of 
nostalgia and fun. 

National Motor Museum, 
Beaulieu, Hampshire(0590 

Burgin is avant-garde but his 
complex photographic 
constructions always entertain. 
ICA. The Mall, London SW1 
(01-930 3647). 

OF THE YEAR: Chris Smith Of 
the Sunday Times wins for 
the fourth time with a portfolio 
of 10 outstanding black- 
and-white pictures. 

Hamilton's Gallery, 13 
Carlos Place. London W1 (01- 
499 9493). 



THE STUFF (15): Larry 
Cohen's cheeky horror 
comedy celebrates the exploits 
of a yoghurt-like dessert that 
gobbles up people from the 

Prince Charles (01 -437 81 81J. 
Cannon Oxford Street (01-636 
0310). From Fri. 

NOW: A valuable two-week 
season of recent Soviet fflms. 
opening with Tango of our 
Childhood, directed by Albert 
Mkrtchian. Treats include Eldar 
Shengetaya’ s comedy of 
manners Blue Mountains (April 
20 and 27). 

Metro (01-437 0757). From Fri. 

MIXED BLOOD (18): A laconic, 
semi-comic tale of drug- 
dealing and gang warfare in 
New York City, directed by 
Paul Morrissey, a former 
associate of Andy Warhol. With 

A film with the fidgets and a 
trite plot But Julien Temple's 

nf I rsnrtrin life 

in the late 1 950s certainly 
bursts with energy, and the 
cast is diverting. 

Leicester Square Theatre (01- 
9305252), Odeon Marble Arch 


ROYAL OPERA: Today at 
6.30pm a concert 
performance, as part of the 
London International Opera 
Festival, of Rossini’s 
Semiramide. It is preceded by 

that this updating of John 
Gay's 18th-century piece 
will be determinedly 
unconventional. Directed by 
Ian Wooldridge. 

Royal Lyceum (031 229 
9697). Previews Thurs. Opens 

Maintenance Man: Premiere 


of British contemporary art, as 
selected by lecturer Jon 
Thompson and gallery director, 
Barry Barker. For the first time, 
the show includes work by 
European artists. 

Hayward Gallery. South Bank, 
London SE1 (01-9283144). 

COCA-COLA: An intriguing 
exhibition exploring over 100 
years of design for the bottles 
and cans containing the 
world’s favourite norv 
alocoholic dnnk. 

The Boilertiouse. Victoria and 
Albert Museum, London SW7 
(01-581 5273). 

monumental and minute, 
sensual and skilful by the 
largely-forgotten Victorian 


Royal Academy, Piccadilly, 
London W1 (01-734 9052). 

‘ .**«■ 

- --r 

Manila Pera and Richard 
Ulacia (above). 

Cannon Oxford Street (01 -636 
0310), Cannon Panton Street 
(01-9300631). From Fri. 

VOLUNTEERS (15): A snooty 
Yale graduate finds himself in 
the Peace Corps in Thailand 
during the early 1960s. Broad, 
thin, wisecracking comedy, 
with Tom Hanks and John 
Candy; directed by Nicholas 

Cannon Oxford Street (01-636 
0310). From Fri. 


Tasteful but jerky version of 
E.M. Forster’s novel. Helena 
Bonham Carter plays the 
English girl whose visit to Italy 
opens new doors: fruity 
support by Maggie Smith, 
Denholm Elliott and company. 
Curzon Mayfair (01-499 3737). 

► m Fniu.Trj.-s f 

A Room with a Vierg 

IiNiT/tAi t'jffndi i>am Revnrmnn 







a study-day of talks and 
workshops at the British 
Museum starting ai 
10.30am. It is also Young 
People's Opera Day at the 
Royal Opera House: 7 to 13- 
year-olds are invited to look 
behind the scenes. 10.30am- 
4.30pm. A further 
performance of Semiramide on 
Tues at 6.30pm, and on 
Mon at 7.30pm a revival of It 
barbiare dr Shrigiia. 

Covent Garden, London 
WC2 (01 -240 1066). 

OPERA: More performances of 
Smetana's folk opera The 
Bartered Bride tonight and 
Thurs at 7.30pm, in Elijah 
Mosh insky's colourful song- 
and-dance production: with 
Angela Feeney and John 
T releaven as the Marenka 
and Jenik. Valerie Masterson 
has now returned as The 
Merry Widow'm performances 
on Wed and Fri at 7.30pm. 

One last chance to see 
Joachim Herz's 
controversial Parsifal 
conducted by Lionel Friend 
on Apr 19 at 5pm. 

Coliseum, St Martin's Lane, 
London WC2 (01-836 3161). 

Eastbourne this week with two 
performances of Jonathan 
Miller's La travmta (Wed and 
Apr 19). Also, on Thurs and 
Fri their new production of 
Monteverdi's The 
Coronation ofPoppea set, 
none too successfully, in 
the time of Van Eyck and Inigo 
Jones. Some good singing, 
though, from Brian James 
(Poppea) and Sarah Walker 
(Octavia). All performances at 

Congress Theatre, 

Eastbourne (032336363). 

with two performances each of 
Philip Prowse's powerful 
new Aida, now with Valerie 
Popova in the tide role 
(Tues and Fri) and of their 
silent-movie style FanduUa 
del West (Wed and Apr 19). 
Neither should be missed. 

John Cox's Glyndeboume 
production of Strauss's 
intermezzo is handsomely 
revived on Thurs. All 
performances start at 7.15pm. 
New Theatre, Hull (0432 


THEATRE: Four couples, ted 
by exhibition champions 
Pierre Dulaine and Yvonne 
Marceau, put ballroom 
dancing to theatrical purpose. 
Today matin 6e and 
evening, and Mon-Apr 19. 
Sadler's Wells (01-278 

performance this week, on 
Wed, of Romeo and Juliet 
with Lesley Coflier and Wayne 
Eagling in the title rotes. 

Covem Garden (01-240 

ON TOUR: London Festival 
Ballet performs Coppetia at 
the Congress Theatre. 
Eastbourne (0323 36363) 
today, then Mon-Apr 19 at 
the New Theatre, Cardiff (0222 
32446): London 
Contemporary Dance Theatre 
gives two programmes with 
works by Siobhan Davies, 
Robert Cohan, Jerome 
Robbins and others at 
Birmingham Hippodrome 
(021 6227846) Wed-Apr 19; 
Northern Ballet Theatre 
visits the Arts Centre, Poole 
(0202 685222} Tues-Apr 19. 

W hen J.R Priestley 
died two years 
ago, Jacquetta 
Hawkes, his wid- 
ow. decided that she could not 
keep the house near Stratford 
which they had shared for 
more than a quarter of a 
century, but that she would 
stay nearby, in the Cotswold 
country she loves. 

This week she made her 
move, to a square, yellow 
sione bouse on one main 
street of Chipping Campden, 
having concluded, as she puts 
it, that declining years are 
more sensibly spent in, and 
not outside, the villages. This 
week she also paid one of her 
rare visits to London; her new 
book. The Shell Guide to 
British Archaeology, is pub- 
lished on Monday. 

She is relieved that both 
events are over. When I 
arrived to see her in Chipping 
Campden she was typing hard, 
at work on an already late 
contribution to a new guide to 
the history of British art 
Her new book is the first 
guide of its kind to include 
both Roman and prehistoric 
England, Wales and Scotland; 
it is written for those with no 
special knowledge, one of 
Jacquetta Hawkcs’s particular 
marks as an archaeologist 
having been as a guide to the 
interested but ignoranL 
Although she bridles slight- 
ly when anyone refers to her as 
a pcpularizer. protesting that 
what she tries to do is awaken 
the imagination, she unques- 
tionably posseses that very 
rare arid much-prized talent 
for combining accurate sci- 
ence with an easy literary 
style. Did it happen by choice? 
"I don’t think 1 ever plan 
anything. It happens. I could 
have been a pure scholar. I 
had a First from Cambridge 
and I was the first student to 
lake the new archaeological 
Tnpos. But 1 didn’t really 
want to." 

Whatever she is saying, 
Jacquetta Hawkes sounds 
modesL her manner is reti- 
cent though friendly; she 
looks down a lot of the time 
She is a tall woman, in a neat 
tailored tweed suil with a 
cameo brooch at the neck of 
her silk shut 

With stylish ease, 
Jacquetta Hawkes 
combines a love 
of archaeology 
with anecdote 

Instead of the pure academ- 
ic life, she travelled and wrote 
up accounts of excavations, 
then married, then spread 
further and fiirther outwards 
to take in what is her most, 
famous book, A Land, with 
Henry Moore, then plays, 
novels, lectures, television ap-' 
pea ranees on Mortimer 
Wheeler’s Animal Vegetable 
and Mineral and on the Brains 
Trust, reviews for the Sunday ’ 
Times and The Observer, and 
a volume of poetry. 

Would she have changed 
that path? “No. but 1 would 
have liked to have been able to 
complete all kinds of alterna- 
tive lives. Perhaps specialized 
in the Minoan dvflizanon 
instead of stone age?' Even _ 
stayed in the civil service, and 
seen if I could rise to the top 
and now be on a hugs 

During the war, Jacquetta 
Hawkes was recruited to work 
in a small department specu- 
lating about post war recon- 
struction, and then became 
the United Kingdom secretary 
to Unesco. She points out that 
she found the ‘‘public school 
rivalries between departments 
very silly”. 

H ow did the archae- 
ology start? “It was 
my mother’s inter- 
est in history, I 
think, and the foci that our 
house outside Cambridge was 
on the edge of a Roman road 
and an Anglo-Saxon cemetery. 

1 was fascinated that it was so 
easy to distinguish between 
ihedifferetu objects." 

Fiction came much bier, 
the 1920s were all archaeolo- 
gy “But during the war I 
found research rather sienie. I 
don’t know why; it just hap- 
pened. My imagination woke 
up " The war also sparked off 
her “one slim volume" She 

wishes there had been more 
poetry “of a really spine- 
chilling kind”. 

The only other veree, writ- 
ten in the form of a long poem 
to CND women during the 
days when she - and 
J.B. Priestley went on the 
Aidermaston marches was 

Jacquetta Hawkes talks of 
the 25 years with Priestley at 
Kissing Tree House and the 
seven years before on the Isle 
of Wight, with obvious plea- 
sure' There was some surprise 
at her liaison, with Priestley, 
since they seemed so different: 
she, very tall and fair, daugh- 
ter of the Nobel Prize- winning 
biochemist. Sir Frederick 
Hopkins, and in her thirties; 
he is his fifties, with a face he 
once endearingly described as 
like a “glowering pudding”. 

Clearly, it was a happy fife. 
They travelled a great deal, 
mainly to the American south 
west Journey Down a. Rain- 
bow is an exchange of letters 
and essays between New Mex- 
ico, where she stayed with an 
Indian tribe, and Texas, where 
he visited millionaires. “I had 
the better time, but he had 
more jokes.” She celebrated 
something of this happiness in 
a surprisingly personal novel, 
A Quest of Love, published in 
1980, in which she wrote: “I 
'find in myself a strong desire 
to utter the thankfulness I feel 
for a relationship which, late 
though it was forged, is richer 
and more whole than any that 
went before." 

jacquetta Hawkes has al- 
ways been a walker; she means 
to go on walking now, though 
arthritis m one hip is begin- 
ning to make foe steps a bit 
uneven. She is 76 this year. 
And her plans? No more 
archaeology for foe moment, 
but a book on old age. “I want 
to try to wme something 
objective, record the patterns 
of decline as they happen. 
Perhaps it may even be opti- 
mistic. who knows?” 

Caroline Moorehead 

The Shelf Guide to British 
Archaeology by Jacquetta 
Hawkes with photographs 
by Jorge Lewmsfci (Michael 
Joseph, £14 95) is 
published on Monday 




The National Portrait Gallery 
has taken foe peculiar step erf 
acquiring five . photographic 
portraits taken by the actress 
Koo Staik. Miss Stark, who $ 
hac published- a book of her 
pictures, has sold four to the 

has given the otter one free. 
This turns out to be a portrait 
of Prince Andrew wearing a 
dashing be*rd»*fld dates from 
foe days when Miss Stark 
emoyed a notorious refation- 
sfeq> with the Prince. Primly, 
foe former soft-pom movie . 
star has refined to aBow the 
NFG to exploit the picture of 
Andrew beyond hanging it on 
the wamanid refusal to accept 
a fee for it .- ;y: ■ „ 

Tight clinch 

One important piece of evi- 
dence should not be Ignored a 
by John- Barden and his'' 
committee os they look into 
the define at the Victoria and 
Albeit' Museum which. left 
thousands of priceless arte- 
facts under several feet of 
water. The disaster took place 
in an area of the museum 
kno wn - as e - Clinch's .Hole, 
where the ghost of Warder 
Clinch, a museum official who 
hanged himself in Victorian 
’ still walks. The malign 
infiumioe of Clinch still makes 
itself fob- to jnore . sensitive 
V& Astafi; though others are 
laying the blame feiriy and 
squarely at foe door of foe 
Property Services Agency, an- 
other Gothic body, whose 
esponsflrility was to keep the 
muding in good shape. 

The Queen Elizabeth Hall Vm 
was more like a Who's Who at 
Westminster last right 
when Tory MP Sir fan 
Gflnwur*s son, Oliver, 
conducted Us firet major 
concert. Amongst those 
who accepted invitations to 
hear the Gfimour 
interpr e tating of Beethoven's 
Third piano concerto with 
Tamas Vasary and the St 
John's Smith Square 
orchestra woe Ted Heath, 

Boy Jenkins, Paul 
Chanson and Sir Robin 
Day - not to mention foe 
proud Sir Ian. 

Pooh comer 

The tormented relationship 
between A. A. Milner and -his 
son Christopher Robin is fi- 
nally to be exposed by Aim 
Thwaite, the recipient this 
week of the Duff Cooper prize 
for her superb life of Edmund 
Gosscl Milne always hated the 
feet he would be remembered 
for his “four trifles for the 
young”, and actually pub- 
lished between 40 and 50 
books. But despite being a 

"*« :C 

•*3= ; 

A K 

Thwaite and Milae 
much-loved figure he was 
unable to form a proper 
relationship with his son, now 
a Dartmouth bookseller. “He 
wrote Winnie the Pook as a 
substitute for patemal affeo- 
tion. It was tembfy sad” says 
Mrs Thwaite: 

Coward cool 

Noel Coward was not the 
world’s ■ warmest human be- 
ing. In a new fragment of 
autobiography to be published 
by Methuen next . month. 
Coward talks of the death of 
fa is little-known . younger 
brother Erie. The Master aktly 
acknowledges it was difficult 
for any sibling to struggle out 
from under Ms shadow; ^asd 
the boy was packed off to 
Ceylon- to become a- tea- 
plan ter. Agpd 27,- Enc con- 
tracted t erm ina l cancer and 
came home to die. Yet Cow- 
ard, who earlier reported his 
inability to contain his tears 
on learning of foe death of the 
Duke of Kent, records his 
brother's demise .without 

r .- 






Jewish concepts of redemption 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother ihis afternoon opened St 
Helena Hospice in Cochestcr. 

Her Majesty.' travelled in an 
Aircraft of The Queen's Flight 
-Mis Patrick Campbell- Pres- 
ton and Sir Martin Giitiax were 
in attendance. 

April 11: The Princess oTWales, 
Patron. Gloucestershire County 
Cricket Chib, xhis.morning pre- 
sented the Cricket Writer’s Club 
Young Cricketer of the Year 
Trophy for 1985 to Mr David 



Anil 11: The Princess Acme, 

: . Mis Marie Phillips this morning 
took the Salute at The 
Sovereign's Parade at the Royal 
. . Military Academy, Sandhurst. 

Her Royal Highness. was re- 
ceived by Her Majesty’s Lord- 
. i Lieutenant for . the Royal 
County of Berkshire (Colonel 
the Hon Gordon Palmer) and Lawrence at the -Phoenix 
; the Commandant (Major Gen- 
eral Richard KeighUey). - 
- After the Parade, The Prin- 
' . cess Anne, Mrs Mark Philhpa 
■ was entertained ax luncheon in 
.the . Victory College Dining. 


Mrs Malcolm Wallace was in 

\ The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
. Phillips, Patron of the National 
. .Union of Townswomen's 
* jfmMs, this evening attended a 
Gala Choral Conceit in aid of 
Operation Dhaka at the Free 
Trade Hall, Manchester and was 
> received by Her Majesty's Lord- 
Lieutenant for Greater Man- 
. Chester ' (Sir William 

Her Royal Highness travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 
. Flight. 

April 1 1: Queen Elizabeth The 
' Queen Mother was present this 
morning at a Reception given in 
the Jerusalem Chamber for 
: “Old Choristers" of West- 
minster Abbey. 

Mrs Patrick CampbeU-Pres- 
•• ton amt Sir Martin GiUiat were 
p in attendance. 

County Ground; Nevil Road, 
Bristol, Avon. 

Her Royal Highness, attended 
by Miss Anne Beckwilh-Smilh 
.and Lieutenant Commander 
Richard Aylard, RN. travelled 
fn an aircraft of The Queen’s 

April II: The Princess Margaret, 
Countess of Snowden ' was 
present this evening ai a concert 
even by. ftie Regensburg Boys' 
Choir ai the London Oratory , in 
aid of the London Oratory 
Centenary Appeal and Aid to 
the Church in Need. 

Mrs Elizabeth Blair and Ma- 
jor The Lord Napier and Ettrick 
were in attendance. 

April 1 i: The Duke of Kent this 
afternoon returned to RAF 
Nonholt after visiting the 
Hanover Fair; 

This evening His Royal High- 
ness, President, attended the 
Royal Air - Force Benevolent 
Fund Anniversary Conceit at 
the Royal Festival Hall. 

Sir Richard Buckley was in 


200 Chib 

The 200 Club, on behalf of the 
London Irish Rugby Football 
Chib, held a luncheon at the 
' Banqueting and Conference 
Centre, Shoe Lane, yesterday to 
pre s ent the London Irish Qud- 
- tenge Trophy for Rugby Writers, 
-The. Leprechaun , to Mr 

• George Abbott. Mr Ronnie 
Johnston, vice-president of the 

.- football dub. presided and Mr 
Rupert Cherry. President of the 
Rugby Union Writers' Chib, 
also spoke. 

Parkinson's Disease Society 

• The Parkinson's Disease Society 
held its annual luncheon yes- 
terday at the Savoy Hotel on the 
anniversary of the birth of Dr 
James Parkinson. Mr ‘ Bob 

li Hal ness was chairman of the 
luncheon committee and the 
guest of honour was Professor C. 
Northcotc Rntmsan. Mr John 

annual dinner of 3 Squadron 
Honourable Artillery Company 
held at Armoury . House last 
‘ night Major-General A.KF. 
Walker, Chief of Staff United 
Kingdom Land Forces, and 
Lord Griffiths were the prin- 
cipal guests. The squadron com- 
mander and Lieutenant J.F. 
Snowden also spoke. 

London Scottish Regiment 
The annual reunion dinner of all 
ranks of the 1939/45. 1st, 2nd 
and 3rd Battalions of the Lon- 
don Scottish Regiment TA. was 
held last night at the Royal 
Horticultural Society's Hall. 
Westminster. Mr James Addi- 
son was in the chair. A message 
of loyal greetings was sent to 
Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother. Honorary Colonel, who 
replied. - ... 

6th Foot Dining Club 
The 6th Foot During Club held 
its annual dinner at the Shire 
Hall. Warwick, last night- Ma- 

Elliott. chairman of the socks*. jor-General J.C Reilly presided. 

The Ulster Defence- Regiment 
hdd its Northern Ireland annual 

Stern for the Parkinson's Dis- 
ease Research Group. Among 

> i 


Lady Tub*. Mrd 
Donald du part-1 
BunotK Mr ttaMt 
Derek Otumwum. 


Service dinners 

Royal Naval Engineer s - 
Mr R.W.S. Easton was the anest 
of honour at the Royal Naval 
Engineer Officers' dinner held 
last night at the Royal Naval 
Engineering College, HMS 
Thunderer. Rear-Admiral 
i G.CW.Mansh, Chief Naval En- 

U- gineer Officer, presided. 

Honourable Artillery Company 
Major R.H. Close Smith, squad- 
ron commander, presided at the 

dinner last night Brigadier 
HJP." Baxter, colonel oom- 
■ Humdant.— was ^ m" the 
Guests included . Lieutenant- 
General Sir Robert Pascoe, 
Commander Land Forces, Ma- 
jor-General A. Jeapes and offi- 
cers of the RUC 
Reserve Forces Association 
Colonel R.R.SU. Barkshire pre- 
sided at the annual dinner of the 
Reserve Forces Association held 
last night at the Duke of York’s 
Headquarters, Chelsea. The 
principal guests included Lord 
and Lady Trefgaroe. Major 
Sartori, Lieutenant-General Sir 
Peter and Lady Hudson. Rear- 
Admiral and Mrs P.F. Grenier 
and M^jor-General and Mrs- W. 

. Eli Wiese!, the Jewish writer on the Nazi 
holocaust. tens that at the end of the war he 
was incarcerated in a concentration camp 
which was liberated by the American 
Army. Among those liberated were Rus- 
sian prisoners of war as well as the 
surviving remnants of the Jewish 
prisoners. . 

The response of these two groups of 
prisoners was strikingly different. Immedi- 
ately on liberation, the Russians comman- 
deered jeeps and guns and drove into the 
nearest Goman town shooting at every- 
thing that lived. Their suffering and their 
hatred coukl only be assuaged by Mood 
and they exhausted themselves in a blood 

■ The response of the Jewish prisoners, 
was to gather a quorum for prayer, They 
recited the afternoon service, then, in 
solemn and tearful unison they repeated 
the Kaddisb, that doxology of praise to G- 
d which is recited by mourners at the death 
of a close relative. 

In the midst of the dead and the dying, 
surrounded by skeletons of the living as 
well as the dead, with the sights of the most 
barbaric cruelties ever committed by man 
before them, when the world must have 
seemed to them to have finally collapsed 
in wickedness, they found the traditional 
Jewish response to tragedy. 

“The Lord has given and the Lord has 
taken, Messed be the name of the Lord." 

"Exalted and hallowed be the name of 
G-d in a world that He is to create anew, to 
revive the dead and to raise them to 
everlasting life, sod to rebuild the City of 
Jerusalem and to establish the temple 
within ft." 

Not only a prayer for those so horribly 
murdered, but a song of hope for the future 
when the name of G-d will be exalted and 
sanctified by all mankind. 

As the psalmist exdaims: u I shall not 
die, but I shall live and declare the works 
of G-d." The Jew secs the purpose of his 
existence to live for his faith not to die for 
it, and to declare the unity of G-d in the 

There are three distinct concepts in the 
Kaddish; it is firstly, that in the midst of 
death, there is life and hope. "You have 
raised my soul from the nether world, you 

have given me life from those who descend 
to the pit” (Psalm 30). A hymn of 
thanksgiving that we can live and declare 
the greatness of G-d. 

It is also, an acceptance of G-d's will. 
Not our will shall prevail when life draws 
to its dose, but Thy will. We accept His 
will and submit to the ruler of the 
universe. Thirdly it is a prayer for the 
future of mankind, for the fulfilment of the 
prophecies of the unity of man in the 
worship ofG-d. "May he who makes peace 
in his exalted places, make peace upon us 
and upon all Israel," the Kaddish 

Israel's faith was put to its greatest test in 
all its tragic history, with Hitler's delib- 
erately planned murder of a third of its 
people, in the Nazi holocaust. This evil 
design found many willing helpers. Re- 
search has shown that a high proportion of 
those who did the actual killing were 
educated and professional men. One 
million Jewish children were hounded 
down and barbarically murdered by the 
people of Goethe. Beethoven and Kant, a 
nation of musicians, philosophers and 

How could there still be hope for 
mankind when such people were proved io 
be capable of the most fiendish cruelties? 
Is there really a possibility of redemption 
for those who dragged babies from their 
mothers' arms and flung them alive into 
the pit? And could those who survived still 
pray for mankind and its redemption? 

But a miracle occurred. Those who had 
looked into the depths of Hell, sang the 
praise of G-d. said a prayer for mankind 
and set about to create a new life of peace 
and justice in a new land. Their ideals had 
not perished in the gas chambers by the age 
of science. Their rabbis and scholars, 
decimated by the powers of evil, would 
renew their learning and rebuild their 
schools in Israel and in other lands. As one 
far-seeing rabbi, himself a survivor of the 
holocaust, put it, "in my small town in 
Lithuania, there were 1,000 Jewish chil- 
dren. all of whom were killed. I shall 
rebuild my town in Israel and 1,000 Jewish 
children will be reborn there. And perhaps 
those very souls of the murdered children 
will find a new life in the bodies of the chil- 
dren bom in Israel." And in a fury of 

regeneration, he set about rebuilding, 
homes, schools and colleges in Israel 
where children find happiness and fulfil- 
ment today. 

Such is the power of faith in redemption. 

The redemptive miracle continues to- 
day in Soviet Russia. For almost 70 years 
there have been no Hebrew schools, no 
religious education, few possibilities to 
observe the sabbath or festivals, scarcely 
any prayer books or Hebrew bibles. At the 
same time, all children have been subject 
to a fierce indoctrination of atheism in the 
schools. What hope there for a living 
Judaism, for Hebrew prayers and learning, 
when the whole might of a ruthless police 
state is determined to stamp it out? 

But the human spirit is unconquerable. 
In small groups, in private flats, with a few 
smuggled text books or tapes, groups of 
children and adults are bring taught at 
fearful risk Former prisoners of the KGB 
like Josef Mendelovitch who served 12 
years in prison, tell how they struggled not 
merely to survive physically, but how they 
miraculously kept their faith and their 
religion alive. How they lit candles made 
from pieces of fat with wicks taken from 
their ragged clothing to welcome the 
sabbath in their cells. How they refused to 
eat un kosher meat even at the cost of semi 
starvation. How they wrote out remem- 
bered prayers on toilet taper, and recited 
psalms to strengthen their spirits. 

The power of redemption springs eter- 
nal in the human breast. U is nourished by 
prayer and sanctified by faith. Professor 
Alexander Lemer, a "refusenik" for 1 3 
years and ousted from his position at the 
University was recently shown on tele- 
vision here. He said: "The past 13 years 
have been the happiest of my life, because 
my spirit is now free. No man can be 
enslaved unless he submits to slavery." 

Of such stuff is redemption made. 

Ephraim Gastwirth 

Chaplain to Manchester Jewish Homes for 
the Aged. 

According to Jewish custom, the name 
of the Deity is written G-d out of respect. 

Dr Anthony Phillips, last week's contrib- 
utor. is chaplain of St John's College. 
Oxford, not Cambridge as stated. 


TODAY: Mr Alan Ayckbourn, 
47; Lord Broce-Gaidyne, 56; 
Miss Montserrat Caballe, S3; 
Mr Paul Cook, 40; Miss Joan 
Grant. 79; Mr Edward Hide, 49; 
Lord Inglewood. 77; Mr Uwe 
Kitzrnger, 58; the Earl of Lim- 
erick. 56; Mr AW. Mabbs. 65; 
Mr Bryan Magee, 56; Air Mar- 
shal Sir Harold Maguire, 74; Mr 
Bobby Moore,' 45. 
TOMORROW: Mr Samuel 
Beckett, 80: Mr John Braine, 
64; Lord Broxbourne, QC. 76; 
Air Vice-Marshal Sir Bernard 
Chacksfield, 73; the Right Rev 
R.N. Coo re, 71; Mr Liam Cos- 
nave, 66; Mr Beverley Cross. 
53: Professor Gordon 

Donaldson. 73; Mr Edward Fox. 
49; Professor AH. Halsey, 63: 
Mr Justice Harman, 56; Mr 
Seamus Heaney, 47; Mr Gra- 
ham Hutton, 82; Lord James of 
Rushoime. 77; Canon J.N.D. 
Kelly. 77; Mr Godfrey Kenton, 
84; the Duke of Marlborough, 
60; Mr Jonjo O'Neill. 34; Miss 
Margaret Price. 45; Sir Stephen 
Roberts. 71; Lord Wedderbum 
of Chariton, 59: Lieutenant- 
General Sir James Wilson, 65; 
Major-General Sir John 
Winiertph..88.. _ ... 


Latest wills 

Patrick Robin Gilbert Vanden- 
Bempde-Johnstone, 4th Baron 
Derwent, late of Scarborough. 
Deputy Speaker of the House of 
Lords since 1970, ’left estate 
valued at £602.466 net. 

Mr Patrick Wykeham Monte- 
goe-Smith, of Kingston upon 
Thames, Editor of Debrett, 

\ 962-80, left £1 18,063 net 
Sir Richard James Webster, of 
Kintbuty. Berkshire, director of 
■organization. Conservative 
Central Office, 1966-76. left 
£13,192 net 

Captain T.G. Wright 
and Miss S.L. Tate 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, April 5, at St 
Andrew's. Boscorobe, Salisbury, 
of Captain Thomas Geoffrey 
Wright, The Royal Green Jack- 
ets. eider son of Mr EG. Wright 
and Lady Sarah Wright and 
Miss Sophia Louise Tate, youn- 
gest daughter of Mr and Mrs 
J.F.P. Tate. The Rev Geoffrey 
Davies officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attend&f by Katie Waldegravc. 
Daisy and Alexander Tate and 
Charles and Sarah Van der 
Gucht Mr John Fortescue and 
Mr Adam Quarry were best 

A reception was hdd at the 
home of the bride. 

Mr A J. Blakeway 
and Mrs R.C. de Ctturcy 
The marriage took place on 
April 8, in Gloucester, between 
Mr John Blakeway and Mrs 
Rosemary de Courey. 

Mr J^. Lindsay 
and Miss LCF. CafUs 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, April 5, at St Mary's 
Church, Battersea, of Mr Julian 
Lindsay and Miss Lucy Cultis A 
reception was held at Crosby 
Hafl, Chelsea, and Che honey- 
moon wfl] be spent abroad. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Carmel College 

Summer Term began at Carmel 
College, Wallingford, on April 2. 
The school will dose for Pass- 
over. Regaita day is May 1 1. 
The Summer concert takes place 
on May 26 and on Lag B’Omer, 
May 27. There will be a spon- 
sored walk in aid of the Addis 
Memorial Fund. Sports day is 
on June 8 and term ends on 
speech day, July 6. when the 
guest of honour is Rabbi Dr 
Jonathan Sacks. ______ 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

» a fern + 15% VAT 

(minimum 3 Kao) 

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name and permanent address of the 
sender, may be son « 

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St. Jatw 2Cfc 3i 


MULCH on lOth April to Jaw and 
hwMl»: Another diniptWr Sophie 
taTarron wany caartotur 4 Lucy- 
BAHHfl— - On April the 2nd 1986. ai 
CiKhlKM Hospital to Simon and Sa- 
rah < we Mocking) a daughter Sophie 
Victoria MkftUecoO. . a sister to 

BEMFORD - on 7th AprtL to Mart* rag* 
EvanaTand Oman, at Wexfaam Hagk 
laL slough, a son. Jeremy. * brottw 
for Oliver. 

MOWN -on ilO» AprtL to AiKbohar 
u. KatrttawteLowj 
and DouWas. a d aughter . Harriet 

CLAYTON - On April CXb 1906 .31 LoQ - 
Maraarei Maternity HwpM. 
AidenML to Penelope twe Hud- 
son) and LL mcnart Ow/ion R.M. a 
oaughler. Katharine Anfltarad. 
rt i k it APHl 9 at wythenshawe. Co 
virtv tW* Eaton) and Nick, a son. a 
brother lor Thomas. ^ 
FI»a$EH - To lain and Sheo^e.avm 
Dptuamin James. Dorn on tf*h 
iSatiiti Coiomba Mother and ®n 

bow ■**“* ’ Igt 'JmffiJSotMa 

professor da Sav a apoa u 
fri > r y. On Sffl Apffl 

Mary's- RoetuunBtan- ■» 

. (juicher) and David, a son. Jonathan 

-^ wm aae. on nv tom Aura. 
®SfJ5Sri»A5toiila. toOna. 

Antony and RWtn Hash- 
■■■■Mi ni, on esm Fetnwry k- 

to !W PWU * a M 

jJSi? ineeciatwone) and Humphrey. 

„ daughter . - _ 

TOUFftEEon Ajtrtl 1001 

hXS. Dorchester. » c*™** 
J£?Swnile> ana PwL * Many 

fSSj. » aster for Emit* 

on • A prO 6th 1986. a 
Hiachbtgbrook HooptaL HnnOn^- 
don. to Gaynor (nee Rudd} and 
Janus, a daughter. Helen Mary, a 
sister for Dudd. 



A Service of Bleating wnstieM at St 
Paulis Kkdgtitbrtdge. on Saturday Bth 
AprU- fUUwtng the marriage of Mr 
John Dean, son of the late Mr Nor- 
man Dean an) Mrs Dean and MBs 
Juliette Currie, daughter of Mr 
James M teyth Cunte and Mrs 
Simone CUrrte. The service was con- 
ducted tv the Reverent Christopher 
GoutmiHI. A reception was held at 


On April 9th In the RadeUffe 
infWmary Oxford. WUUaro George 
ArrfrfhaJd (Archie) aged 39. beloved 
husband of Andrea, taring father of 

- Joseph. Naomi. Nathanael and 
Thomas, and dear son at nur and 
Josephine- Funeral al Argyll Chapei- 

. Argyll Road. Reading on . Monday 
April i4th at lpm. Family Itiwm 
only. Donations if desired to opera- 
don MotkUsaOan. Qultua. Weston 
Rhyn. Osweltry. S hr opshire. SY10 

BLOMRELO - On -Wednesday 9th 
April 1966. to her 95th year after a 
Brief atoess. Flora Christtne ReltL SO 
John Wood's Houses. Upoer Largo. 
Pile, widow of Charles Geoffrey 
BfotnAekl F-R-I.BJU Formerty of 
DAi and Becdes. a taring sister, 
mother and fyandraozher. a Mend to 
many more of all ages in Britain, 
Noth America and Indta. Service tn 
Kirkcaldy CremaUMium on 
22nd April at ll~30am- 

BttSANQUET on Ajarfl 9!h- 
at home after a long illness. Charles 
tern Cut. aged 82 years, beloved hus- 
band of Barbara, and father of 
Deborah- Katherine. Ctare ana Jay. 
and a devoted grandfidbwr Funeral 
at Rode Church. Alnwtdc. Northum- 
berland on Monday Apra I40t at 2 
pro. Thanksgiving services nbeafl- 

•UT1JER on AprU loth 1 986. peaceful- 
ly » Edgecombe Nursing Home. 
Eleanor Mary Beresftm Butler 
G8E* 7ntKfi loved Aunt and ooustn 
Uons. Cremation Service family only 
Swindon Crematorium 10.30 am' 
Wednesday ADrfl 16th. foBowed by 
Thanksolring Service at SL Patera. 
Mitton Lflboume near Pewsey at 12 
noon. Family (lowers only. 

COMHOK - On April tl 1986 to St 
Mary's hospttaL Renal UnU. norts- 
mowb. Daniel George, aged 76 years 
(Major ReldjL beloved husband « 
Clance. father oi Jean. Michael and 
EB a tt ta n. grandfather of Widiain 
and Salty. Rrantam Mass at St 
Swtthun's Church. - Soothsea. 
U.SOaio Tuesday April 15. (amity 
flowera only mease. Penahnns if so 
desired to Buna! Unit St MWs Hos- 
pital. Portsmouth. ’ 

■NX OH m April 9th suddenly. John 
Dario, bdovtd husband of Betsy, 
adored father of JontOe and Alteon 
and. taring Grandfather. Service at 
SL DunstHtt Parish Church. May- 

- Held on Tuesday 15th AprO s 3J0- 
p.m. followed by ratnUycreniaifoii at 
Tunbridge Wens. Fknvm or dona- 
pons U pnefmned ro Array 
Benevolent Fund, may be. sen! to 
Paul Bwum Fliawai mnwors. 9 
C^oftRiL Crow boro oSh. East Sussex- 
Tetetfione 08926 S000. 

MfRQSE Oh 9tfi April Deacefafly in 
Ptymtree. Mariorle Naim. Dearly 
loved wife of ibe late Robert bekwed 

' toother of EZuabeUi and John and 
very speepd much loved grandmoth- 
er. Funeral Tuesday AprC IfiOu 
Exeter Cranatarium at ll.SOam. 

On April it. Dr John Craig 

Rose Greta O.B£~ F.B.CJ>£. of 
Ones Lodge. IsIMf Lewta. Very 
dearly toved by hte wife Jean and hte 
daughters Patle and Klnny. Proud 
grandfather of Jonathan. Thomas 
and Nicholas. Devoted brother of 
Judy and Senpa. 

HARE • On April the 8th. Christopher 
Henry Hare. Priest, formerly Minor 
Canon of St George's ChapeL Wind- 
sor Castle and Rector of Tantaw. 
Bucks. Much loved husband of 
Katharine, tamer of Nicholas and Su- 
san. grandfather of Henrietta. 
Matthew. Vanessa and wouam. Cre- 
mation private. No flowers please. 
Memorial Service al Si Nicolas 
Church. TapJow cm May I7lh at 

HAWKMS. On April 8Ui 1966. as the 
result of a tragic accident while on 
holiday fn Morocco. David WfUlam 
Hawkins aged 43. Beloved son of BUI 
and Ptwl Hawkins, dearest brother 
of SaDy and mother In law of Jerry, 
and taring uncle and godfather of 
James. William, and Hairy. Funeral 
wfl] take place In Exeter on date to be 
arranged. All enouirtes to Milche4l 
Funeral Services. 4 Ota Tiverton 
Road. Exeter EX4 6LB. Telephone 
<03923 72682. . 

HILTON - Sir Derek Percy. On April 
to. peacefully at home, aged 77 after 
a tong Alness, bravely and cheerfully 
faced. Service St Thomas Becfcet 
Parish Church. ChapeFen-le-Friih. 
Wednesday April 16. 1.46pm fot- 
tawed by private cremation. No 
(lowers. Donations If desired to Si 
Thomas Becket Restoration Fund. 

HOWE - on April «h. tragically In a 
flying accident- Jeremy D. Howe, be- 
loved husband of Pam. dear father of 
NtiL Bex and Caroline, younger son 
of Patricia and brother of Jonathan. 
Funeral service at Meon&loke Parish 
Church. Hams, on Wednesday April 
I Ain at 2 pm. Family Bowers only, 
donations » create a sporting fond In 
hts memory may be sent to Alan 
Clarke. Manager. Nat West Bank. 
High Street Winchester. 

LECH . Mrs Palt»c Legh at 9 Pancreas 
Hospital. Cremation at Garners 
Green, 5.40pm Monday AprU 14th. 
Flowers • Levertons. EvenhoH 
Street, nwi. Reoutem mass Corners 
Christie Church. Malden Lane. Con- 
vent Garden. 1.05 pm. 

MARLAMJ on Wednesday 9th April 
peacefully ai Clarence Nursing Home 
Tunbridge Wefts. Elsie bum. aged 

* 101. widow or Harry beloved moth- 
er Of Marts*. Peter. John, and the 
late Eric, a early loved gramtmotber 
and g r ea t-grandmo t her. Service at St 
Pauli church RusthaU on Thursday 
17th Annl at 12 noon followed by 
private cremation. No flowers Mease. 

MEKEVfTH HARDT On April me 9th. 
Patrick Talbot- of Knowles. 

Bembrtdge. teletof-WrtghL husband 
of Mary Artne. Funeral private, fol- 
lowed by Service of Thanksgiving on 
Tuesday April 16th at 2pm at Holy 
Trinity Church. Bembrtdge. tale-of- 
Wrignt. Family flowers only. 

aO»rwt»aotaom> » Kins Edward 
the Vlllh Hospital, MHUiurst 

WULAROb Thelma mde Shawl on 
April 9th. peacefully at home after a 

snort aw«s. nxiraseously and 
cneerfuUy borne Devoted wife of 
Ronald and znolMr of Alan and 
Marilyn. Funeral service al S( Barna- 
bas Church HadleJ*) an Tuesday 
April 19b ai i.«5pm ionewed by 
cranabon al Southend Crematorium 
m SJSOum. No flowers please but do- 
ittuont if reauired to The fmpffftat 
Cancer Research Fund. 

NOftTHCOTEoa April tOtii suddenly. 
Sheila Mary Northcow (fontwriy Dr 

..Anderwni. Cremation at Gotam 
.Green on Thursday April t7Ui ai 
220 No liowem please, bul do- 
natiOBB If desired to Great Ormond 
Street Hospital (or Stak. Children. 

On April iltn Nbrah Julia 
Wensley beloved wife of Kenneth 
Robson Nun of Northampton and de- 
voted daughter of Guy Schofteta of 
GtaiUngion. North Yorkshire 
ROBINSON Hugh Sutholand beloved 
husband of Mary, father of Gaden 
and Max. at lus home In WaodtaU 
Spa on the lOtft April 1966 (formally 
of Malaysia and Fiflx 
SODOY on April 1 OU 1 peawfuUy after 
a short ttlness Ksmeth Soddy M.D. 
of Doccombe. Martao Hampstead. 
Honarary ConsulUng Physician. Uni- 
versity College Hospital London. 
Dearly loved husband of Mary, fa- 
ther Of Andrew. Elizabeth and Jui& 
and grandfather of Carolyn. Kath- 
ryn. James. Christopher. Lucy and 
Thomas. Funeral service cnagfard 
Perish Church on Thursday April 
17th at 2-50 pm fallowed by crema- 
Hor. Family flowers only please, 
donations If desired to Save The ChO- 
1 dren Fund. Mary Datchekr House. 
Grove Lane. Camberwell. London. 
WELLS. On April 9th 19B& Beryl 
Olga tnee Hannenl. of Ferry Lawn. 
Wargrave. Wife of the late Major 
Horace Wells and mother of David 
and Wendy- Funeral service at St. 
Mary's Church. Wargrave. on Mon- 
day 14th April al 2.50 pm. 
WKHTMAN - Suddenly at home In Ed- 
inburgh on the fith April 1 986. Helen 
. Mary, dearest mother of Anthony. 
Nichola. Nigel and Uie tale Michael 
Ostrowdo. Darling granny io Gillian 
and Caroline. Service in St Joturs 
Church. West End on Monday 14Ui 
April al lOJSOam. to which aD 
friends are Invited. Cremation there- 
after private, flowers may be sent (o 
the church. 

WHJJMMS - On March 29 peacefully 
after a short illness. WUUam Henry, 
aged 87. of Cheneys. SeafonL and 
formerty of KHbum Grammar 
School H924-1958I Funeral 3pm. 
April 18 at Eastbourne Crematori- 
um. Donations to Sussex Housing 
Association for the Aged. Albion st 
Lewes. Sussex. 

MUON - 2nd LI. David S. Wilson 
ALA. elder son of Brian and Dianna 
WUson and brother of Caroline and 
Philip. On 8th April 1986 in 
RAO.R. 'fa oil he did He always 
sought to achieve the best. He was 
much toved and win be sadly 


BREEN There win be a Manorial Mass 
for Arthur Vivian Breen MBE MC 
Croix de Guerre aver Palme, held In 
the Chapel of the Convent of the As- 
sumption. 23 Kensington Sq. London 
W8. on Saturday April 19th at 11 


HI PROUD and affecttanai* memory 
on the 26th Anniversary iS.lD.1895 
- 9.4.1961) of the death of Hte Late 
Majesty, king Zog I of the Albanians, 
founder and builder of the State of 
Albania. From his devoUd and faith 
fid subjects in Exue and In Albania. 

KM6HTLY * Remembering Freddie 
wno died in Hong Kong, aptu the 
12th 1982. SO sadly missed. 



McCLURE-nSHER: HALET - on April 
15th. 1936. al Ute parish Church of 
Si. Peter. ftexluU-on-Sea. Douglas to 
Mary Margaret, now at II Fakoo 
Close. Nortftwood. Middlesex. 

Mr DJR. Wakefield 
ind Miss CD C lngjlby 
The engagement is announced 
between David Francis, eldest 
son of Mr F.H. Wakefield, of 
Ogsron Halt Htgham, Derby- 
shire, and the late Mis Wake- 
field. of Ravenshead, 
Nottingham, and Caroline Di- 
ana Colvin, elder daughter of 
the late Major Sir Joslan W.V. 
lngjlby, Bt and of Diana Lady 
IngiJby, of Ripley Castle. Harro- 
gate, North Yorkshire. 

Mr N. Janies 
and Miss S-CH. Clarke 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, only son of 
the Rev J.D. and Mrs James, of 
Rowtde, Wiltshire, and Sarah 
Caroline Howard, daughter of 
Sir Jonathan and Lady Clarke, 
of Bovey Tracey. Devon. 

Mr R.C. Thornton 
and Miss J.M. Carlisle 
The engagement is announced 
between Rupert elder son of 
Major and Mrs P-G Thornton, 
of Easingwold, North York- 
shire. and JanM, daughter of Sir 
Michael and Lady Carlisle, of 
Dore, Sheffield. 

Dr T.P. Rnplin 
and Mbs CA. Flynn 
The engagement is announced 
between Trevor, only son of Mr 
and Mrs T.A. Bagtin. of 
Cheadle, Cheshire, and Caro- 
line, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs C.fc. Flynn, of Coventry, 

Mr RLAJ*. Brooks-Keeoe 
and Miss TJ. McKenna 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, only son of 
the late Mr and Mrs Ralph 
Keene and adopted third son of 
Mr and Mrs E.H. Brooks, of 
New HalL Brad well -on-5ea. Es- 
sex, and Teresa, youngest 
daughter of the late John Mc- 
Kenna and Mrs Ann McKenna, 
of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 

Dr T.G. Busbnell 
and Miss IJM. Brass Irwins Li 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy, second son of 
Mr and Mrs David BushneU, of 
Folkestone, and Irena, youngest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Greg- 
ory Brzeskwinski. of 

Mr SLP. Everett 
and Miss FJ. Willis 
The engagement is announced 
between Stewart Everett, The 
Queens Own Hussars, elder son 
of Mrs Eilhne Everett and the 
late Mr P.M. Everett, of Leam- 
ington Spa. Warwickshire, and 
Fiona, younger daughter of Mr 
and Mrs N.A.R. Willis, of 
Nervelstone. Lochwinnoch, 

Dr C J. Gordon 
and Miss L-C- Baxter 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher James 
Gordon, of Battersea. London, 
and Lisa Carmen Baxter, of 
Battersea. London. 

Mr K.B. Hansen 
and Miss JJE. Reid 
The engagement is announced 
between Kristen, son of Mr and 
Mrs LB. Hansen, of Beaulieu 
Hampshire, and Julia, eldest 
daughter of Mrs D.H. Reid and 
the Tate David Reid, of Hanley 
Wintney, Hampshire. 

Mr S.R. London n 
and Mrs L. Wild 
The engagement is announced 
between Steven, elder son of 
Major-General and Mrs R.B, 
Loudoun, of Putney, and 
Lynerte. eldest daughter of Mr 
and MrsT.F. Flower, of Cardiff. 
The marriage will take place 
quietly in June. 

Mr MJ*. Rowlands 
and Miss EJ. Turner 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael Paul younger 
son of Mr and Mrs R.D. 
Rowlands, of Arboretum 
House. Lammas. Norfolk, and 
Emma Juliet, daughter of Mr 
J.W. Turner, of South wo W, 
Suffolk, and Mrs Ian Weekley, 
of The Old Anchor of Hope, 
Lammas. Norfolk. 

Mr S.A. Saftzman 
and Miss T.L. Chant 
The engagement is announced 
between Steven, elder son of Mr 
Harry Sal tz man, of Denham, 
Buckinghamshire, and the late 
Jacqueline Saltzman. and Ta- 
mara. elder daughter of Mr 
Davis R, Chant, of Milford, 
Pennsylvania, and Mrs Dorothy 
Trapp, of Charlotte. North 

Mr P.W.G. Sennet! 
and Miss CM. Tjut 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul, son of Mr and 
Mrs John SennerL of Chis)e- 
hurst Kent, and Carol, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Peter Tarr, of 
Orpington, KenL 

Mr H J. Seymour 
and Miss FA. Webber 
The engagement is announced 
between James, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs H.F. Seymour, of 
Luceombe Mill. Bratton, Wilt- 
shire, and Felicity, daughter ot 
Mr and Mrs P-H. Webber, oi 
Jincox Farm, Oxted, Surrey. 

Mr S.D. Strong 
and Miss T.AJ. Rye 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, youngest son of 
Mr and Mrs D.T.B. Strong, ol 
Chadlington, Oxfordshire, and 
Tessa, eldest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs AB. Rye. of Uss Forest. 

Mr PM. Virao 
and Miss F.V. Hall el 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul, only son of Mr 
V.P. Vimo. of South Croydon, 
and the tele Mrs Joyce Vimo. 
and Fleur, elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs R.LE Halid, ol 
Woldingham. Surrey. 


Historian of philosophy 


Cambridge “99" Rowing Club 
The Cambridge "99" Rowing 
Club held its men's seemon 
dinner last night at the Univer- 
sity Arms Hotel. Cambridge. Mr 
Wick Alsop, president, was in 
the chair and Mr James 
Crowden. Vice Lord Lieutenant 
of Cambridgeshire, presented 
the Richard Briscoe trophy to 
Mr Philip Harris, captain of the 
club. The Dean of Peterborough 
and the High Sheriff of 

Cambridgeshire were the other 

Victor Mtehcon and Company 
A dinner, in honour of Dr 
George Baracs and to mark his 
retirement, was given by the 
partners of Victor Mishcon and 
Company on Thursday. April 
10. at l'Etoile Restaurant- Dr 
Baracs will continue with the 
firm as a consultant- Among 
those present were Lord 
Mishcon and all the partners. 

Professor William Henry 
Walsh. FRSE, FBA, who died 
on April 7, at the age of 72. 
was a philosopher and histori- 
an of philosophy of interna- 
tional renown, an inspiring 
teacher and a scholar whose 
integrity and judgment made 
him an influential figure in 
many areas of academic fife. 

Born in Leeds on December 
10. 1913. of humble origins - 
his father, Fred, was a baker - 
Walsh received his early edu- 
cation at Leeds Grammar 

His professional career was 
dominated by two principal 
institutional associations. The 
first was with Merton College, 
Oxford, where he had a distin- 
guished undergraduate career, 
graduating with a first in 
Greats in 1936. and going on 
to become a fellow and tutor 
in philosophy of the college 
from 1947-1960, and fellow 
emeritus from 1 979. 

The second was with Edin- 
burgh University, where he 
was professor of logic and 
metaphysics from 1960 until 
his retirement in 1979. The 
many additional offices which 
he held in this period included 
those of dean of the Faculty ol 
Arts, curator of patronage and 
vice-principle of the 

Walsh wrote five books and 
many articles which brought 
him the highest academic 
recognition. He was the 
Dawes Hicks lecturer at the 
British Academy in 1963, was 
elected a fellow of the acade- 
my in 1 969 and a fellow of the 
Royal Society of Edinburgh in 

The University of Roches- 

ter in the United States con- 
ferred an honorary DHL upon 
him in 1978 and the Universi- 
ty of Edinburgh acknowledged 
his achievements with an 
honorary Doctor of Letters 
last year. 

He was an indispensable 
speaker al international con- 
ferences and held many visit- 
ing professorships in the 
United States. 

His contribution to the 
history of philosophy ranged 
widely but he will be remem- 
bered most for his work on 
KanL on whom he was a 
world authority. 

In pure philosophy hts main 
interests were in metaphysics 
and epistemology and, partic- 
ularly. philosophy of history. 
His widely translated and 
frequently re-issued An Intro- 
duction to Philosophy of Histo- 
ry, although originally written 
in 1951. is still the standard 
work on the subject. 

Walsh's hallmark as a lec- 
turer was his ability to present 
difficult material with great 
clarity. He excelled as a tutor 
because of the enormous 
amount of work he put in on 
behalf of his students, coupled 
with a friendly and interested 
approach towards them. 
Many were invited to his 
home and many became life- 
long friends, whether or not 
they continued in academic 

His warm and affectionate 
nature made his family life 
very happy. In 1938 he mar- 
ried Beatrix Pearson, who 
gave him every support 
throughout his career. With 
their three children they 
formed a very united family. 


Peter du Sautoy writes: 

Kurt Maschler, who has 
died, aged 88. was one of the 
important figures in the Ger- 
man book trade of the 1930s 
who were determined to 
maintain outside Germany 
Ihe best traditions of that 
trade when freedom to publish 
was denied them. 

He wem first to Switzerland 
where he established Atrium 
Veriag; he published a wide 
range of books and had a 
special interest in books for 
children. His star children's 
author was Erich Kaestner, 
whose Emil and the Detectives 
became a worid best-seller. 

Maschler came to England 
and in 1945 entered into 
cooperative arrangements 
with Faber and Faber. With 
Richard de la Mare, who, by a 
sad coincidence, died two 
days before him, he founded a 
company -called Faina Limit- 
ed, primarily to promote the 
Faber Gallery, a pioneering 

series, edited by R. H. 
WilenskL of coloured repro- 
ductions of paintings by fam- 
ous artists with introductions 
and notes by art criliris and 
literary personalities. It was a 
comprehensive and successful 
series and held the field for 
several years. 

Maschler welcomed enthu- 
siastically the establishment of 
the Frankfurt Book Fair in 
1949 and urged British pub- 
lishers to support iL 

When be retired, he set up 
the Kurt Maschler Award for 
children's books which is now 
a much coveted prize, with a 
statuette of “Emil” presented 
to the winner. 

He was a shrewd and well 
informed publisher and a 
modest and friendly colleague, 
always ready to help and 

His son. Tom, has inherited 
his father's publishing flair 
and is Chairman of Jonathan 
Ope Limited. 


Mr Nigel Morland, the co- "special investigator" at Scot- 
founder of the Crime Writers’ land Yard, launched his prin- 

Association and a prolific and 
characteristic author of crime 
fiction, died on April 3. 

Born at St Pan eras, London, 
in 1905. he liked to claim that 
his nanny took him, at the age 
of two. to visit Dr Crippen. 
who bounced the child on his 
knee. He left school at 14. and 
thereafter earned his living in 
a wide variety of journalistic 
and publishing jobs. 

His grandfather, Auguste 
van Biene. was a celebrated 
cellist and he always said it 
was to escape this cultural 
fame that he went to the Far 
East where he worked princi- 
pally for the Shanghai Mercu- 
ry. but also for the China 
Press, and edited Shaghai 

His first hard cover book. 
The Sibilant Whisper, was 
published in Shanghai in 
J 933. His second, a study of 
the English people, was trans- 
lated. without any English 
edition, directly into Chinese. 

He was soon producing 
books and pulp magazine 
stories in great profusion, 
averaging some 30.000 to 
50.000 words a week, for 
British and American publish- 
ers. He ghosted show business 
memoirs, wrote for Movie Day 
and Hearsi Newspapers, and. 
returning to London, worked 
for Odharas Press. 

With his first wife. Peggy 
Barwell, he tried his hand at 
plays and poetry; bui a spell as 
Edgar Wallace’s secretary had 
introduced him to his true 
metier. The Phantom (1935), 
featuring Mrs Palmyra Pym, a 

cipal series of thrillers. 

In 1936 he wrote a book on 
fingerprints, and, from the 
1950s onwards, he turned 
increasingly to popular crimi- 
nology. doing much to propa- 
gate the literature of forensic 

He edited not only the 
Edgar Wallace Mystery Mag- 
azine but journals called The 
Criminologist. Forensic and 
Medico-Legal Photography. 
The International Journal of 
Forensic Dentistry and Cur- 
raw Crime. He ran a Mystery 
Book Club and. together with 
John Creasey. founded the 
Crime Writers' Association. 

Married four times - to 
Pamela Barwell, Pamela 
Hunnex. Jill Harvey and Faith 
Percival - he had one son and 
two step-daughtere. 

A colourful raconteur, he 
was working on his autobiog- 
raphy when he died. 

Donald Grobe, the Ameri- 
can-born lyric tenor who 
gained international acclaim 
singing for West Berlin's 
Deutsche Oper for 25 years, 
died on April I. aged 56. 

Born in Ottawa. Illinois. 
Grobe joined the Ensemble of 
the Deutsche Oper in 1961 
and was active there up until 
his death. He was awarded the 
Oper’s "Kammersaenger” ti- 
tle in 1970 in recognition of 
his outstanding singing. 

Mr Alan Kershaw, director 
of the Knitting Industries' 
Federation. Nottingham, 
from J%8 io 1978. has died, 
aged 72. 

Services tomorrow: Second Sunday after Easter 

9 30 Bt 1 1 Sunn Eqrfr- TWo V oices 
(ftyrrtL. OtrlM Lh^ Lord luiffi risen 
B R« A M AHrtiln: 3.I6IE1 
BMonscs fMooroi. Christ nsmg 
WO ES. Rev K S Mason. 
?SRK JESTER: 8. (015 

Second Service i Leig hton i. Sd ng joy- 
fully umo God our strength (ByrdX 

8 £« M £? SSb SUS& 

10.30 M. Jubtlato iMOCptierson to El. 

Te D«ro n 

— Buckler. 

: 8 HC: 10.30 

M. Christ our Paschal Lamb (BattenL 
Th^tReVE G Kiuuto-Flsher: >1 40 
Buna Eurti. boar Mesa carmuium. 3 
L L.S SSmtoum (Tailtei. Rey S 
van cuiin: 6.30 ES. Rev Michael 

tl Eucti. . SW1«WI)PM tMozam 
Refotre to the Lord alway iReOlonJL 
Canon tncftanl Oorcau: s.e- ™ st 



uj C2. 11.15 M. Te Drum nreund 
n, Sing ye to Ute Lord tBUmowj. 
T^TaSwialn. I V 30 HC 


raito. SWi: U M. The OUOUtn: 12 



Canon Eric James. ___ 

Meriting Prayer anfl.SOTnoii. Cpd M> 
toved toe worM tStolnerl. Hov FVA 

II M. Tt tmn i Bov cp to Cl- oum 
transtswt wfcbUum (Tavenwn, Tiw 

TOtwx CHURCH. Fleet Street. EC4: 

8.30 HC; 11 . IS Morning Prayen 
Responses rTaifesm-Rilii. Te 
Laudam iB if&lrfe m B imwi. jutniah- 
Deo (Nome in B minor}. The Master. 

ST CLEMpviT_p A NES (RAF Church) 

EC4: 830. 12.16 

li M. The 

CHAPEL ROVAL. Hampton Court 
Paioce: 6.30 HO n M. dona m 
Excels** Deo rwceikesj. The Ctia plain: 
3 30 E. in Ediu Kraef iweston. 

E TOWER: 11 


Brevis Ipalesirtnai- 
(Phllipst- Re* A W 


Sung Euctv Rev Michael 
Parochus. __ 

ALL SOULS. Langhaiu Place. Wl: 
9.30 HC: 11 Rev Richard Bewes: 6.30 
invitation Service. Rev Kim 

Church Street. SWI 8. 12 HC.10 
Children's Service: 11 M. Rev CEL 
Thomson: 6 E- Rev CEL Thomson. 
a HC: il MP and HC. Rev D B 

A unity Stivei: 8.15 HC.^ II Sung 

Eurh. Mesa 

Surgens Jesus 

HOLY TRINITY. Prince Consort 
Road: 8.30. 12-06 HC ll Morning 
Prayer. Rev Martin wtirt 
HOLY TRINITY. SM»n« Street. SV.'I : 
0.30. 12.10 HCs 10 30 Eucti . Canon 

Smlthtleld. EC4; 9 HC: II M- Snort 
Service iCtobons In FJ. Ujre be rtsew 
(GtobonaL Tne Hecw; 6dOE. snort 
Service iGlbaonsln D. Reloiee in the 
Lord i Purcelli . The Heel or. 

ST BRIDE'S. Flee* StrceL EC4sj B-3Q 
c, 1 1 M and Euch. ResDonscs IByim 
Jubilate I Blow In AL Gloria iHarwood 

to a (tail. Canon jaitn oji«: a. jo e. 
Own Transfiwi Sabhalura iJohnsoni. 
Vc who sorrow now iBrahmsi. Ye 
choira ot new JeruMfcm iSfanronft. 


10 C. Rev Robert P Callaghan: 6.30 
ES. Rev Robert P Callaghan. 

ST LUKE'S, Chelsea. SwS: e. 12.15. 

1 1 -20 HC. Cast (hey burden (Men- 
deksotinx 10.30 Morning Prayer. Rev 
N Weir. 6.30 E. Almighty and 
merctlul Goa iCoxi Rev . n Wrir 
ST MARGARET'S. Weslmtnsier. 
SWI: B.15. 12.15 HC: 11 Choral 
Matins and Sermon. Canon Trevor 

8. 9 as HC. The Vicar: 1 1 30 Morning 
Service. Rev Charles Hedfey: 2.4S 
Chinese Service: 6.30 E. Rev Joyce 


WB: 8. 12.30 HC: 9.30 

The Vicar: 11.15 M. Rev. _ .. 

Aclana. 6JSO E. Rev S H H Acland. 
ST MARY'S. Bourne StreeL SWI; 9. 
9 as. 7 LM: 11 HM HC. In the 
Phrygian mode (Wood). O CM. thou 
an mi' Cod tPurcetli. O sacrum 
convtvium tPaiestrtnaj. The Bishop of 
Cdmomon: 6 15 E and Solemn 
Benediction. _ 

ST MAHYLEBONC. Marylebone 
Road. Wl: B. 11 HC. Miss Amumpta 
esl Marta tpalesuinki. Blessed and 
spirits. Rev c K Hamel Cooke: 6.3 

Sung Euch. 
Rev S H H 

Marta iHasaeri. Ave Marla rVKaorlar. 
6 LM and Benedtcthm. 

LAND. Pont Street. Swt ll Rev j 
Fraser McLuslunr. &30 Rev W 
Alexander Cairns. 

Carden, wcz 11.15 Rev Keitn M 
Me Rob: 6JSO Rev Donald Macarthur. 
Wl; 8. IO. 12 . 4. 6 LM: 1 1 SM, Mtsna 
sine nomine iHeredla). JubUaie Deo 
iMo7.ul ). Lo ve is come Win (Anon). 
FARM STREET. Wl: 7^57 8 30. ta 
12.15. 4.1S. 6. IS LM: Il HM. Mis&a 
In honoreni BVM iGotlen. AHetuya 
surrexit rJomumi. Ave venint corpus 

I El nan 

THE ORATORY. Brompiaa Road. 
SW7; 7. B. 9. IO. 12 3a 4.30. 7 LM: 

II HM. Missa da BattaUa icwwi-a 
Surgens Jesus iPtillilpsi: 3 30 Vespers. 
Pas cha nostrum iByrtn. 

ll SM. Mass in A dal iSnrmourL 
jumble Oco.n.uirt._ 

OLfR Li 

Rev C K Mamet Cooke. 

- - 'PAUL'S. Robert Adar 

K 6.30. Richard Harvey. 

Idam Sirwt. Wi: 

CTJAMESTS. Sussex Cardens. W2; B 
HC: 10.30 Sung Euch: 6 E. Short 
Service tCaietonj. Dura ThnSHset 

Ptocaditly. VI; 8-50 
HC: 1 1 Sung Euch. 6 Evening Prayer. 
BT John’s. Hyde Par* Crescent. WZ-. 

11 Alan cook: ■ 

ST PAUL'S. WUtoo Place. S»l: B. 9 
HC: 11 Soiemn Euch. Musa Aedis 
Christi wifitsra MatoiaaL Jura lair 
Deo 1 William Mat runs), sietu Jesus 
(Jaco b ftem arU. Rev Roger Royle 
ST_PETER , S. Eaton Suuare, SWi: 
8 30 HC. 10 Family MW. U Solemn 

Mays. MISSa CabrMle Arcttanorlw, 
(PilrjIfiBai, .Motet O Sacrum 
Convivium (MHSfaen). Rev D B 

ST SIMON ZELOTES. Milner Street. 
SW3 8 HC : 11 M: 630 E. 

ST STEPHENS. Otoucestcr Rood. 
SW7: g. 9 LM: 1 J HM. Mtasa a 3 
1 Rubbra 1 . Rei Graham Morgan: 6 
Soiemn Evensong and BenedKdon. 
preoetrdary He rbe rt Moore 
ST vxd A sT. Foster Lane. EC2; 11 
Sung Euch. 

Street. Wl: 11 HM. Mten super Dhtli 

dc Loreto < Caller/. Aie lerum corpus 

Wl. 11 Rrv Ron P AIIMwit 
CITY TEMPLE. Hblborn. EC1: tl. 

King's Road. SWS 11 . Rev William 

Giencsk: 5 Mr Daiui Ray- 

CHURCH. WI: If Rev Ron Hovscroa.- 
6.30 Rev Siuart Jordan 
WB: it. 6.30 Dr Robert L atham 
URC. Tavistock Place. WCf- 11 Rev 
John MiUen 6. 30 Mrs jjp craws iunt. 
Rev jotm Miller 

Rev . Ronal d C c aBbms 
iMethodML SWU ll. 6.30 Rev H 
John Tim or. ___ 

ham Gale SWI. 11. 6.30 Rev R T 




line on 

Continued from page 1 
studied several books shoot 
the wartime fate of the Jews. 
“The new element that is 
important for me*' was that he 
was not in Salonika daring the 
deportations. “I was in Tirana 
(the capital of Albania) and an 
interpreter between the Italian 
and German forces. 1 was 
therefore not present during 
the main part of the 

He laid great emphasis on 
the dates of his various move- 
ments during the period. The 
deportations took place be- 
tween March and August 

Dr Waldheim told The 
Times that after returning 
wounded from the Soviet 
Union he recuperated in the 
Vienna area until March 1942, 
when he was pronounced unfit 
for combat. But because he 
spoke Italian, he was sent to 
Yugoslavia as a liaison officer 
with the Italian forces, in 
May. June and July 1942. and 
later to Salonika. But from 
November 1942 until April 
1943. because be was no 
longer eligible for combat, he 
was allowed back to Vienna to 
complete his civilian legal 
studies. He was then sent to 

“This was the period when 
Italy withdrew from the war 
and my task was to interpret 
during the handing over of 
Italian troop positions, and 
responsibilities, to the 

Dr Waldheim agreed that, 
in the coarse of the same 
duties, he returned to Salonika 
later In 1943. but by that time 
the bulk of tbe deportations 
were over and he had no 
knowledge of them. 

None of this will absolve 
bim from the charge that he 
did. however, have knowledge 
of operations against Yugoslav 
partisans. He admits that 
intelligence work against par- 
tisans was one of his duties bnt 
that it was secondary to his 
task as interpreter. 

On bis general attitude to 
the Nazis. Dr Waldheim said 
that he and his brother distrib- 
uted anti-Nazi leaflets shortly 
before the Anschluss of 1938. 
which joined Austria to 
Germany. “We were beaten np 
by SA thugs for it." he said. 

Solution to Puzzle No 17.017 

Introducing the aspiring Gass of ’86 

In a few weeks thousands of 
16-ytxir-olds will leave school. 
Others will look forward to two 
years in the sixth form. In a 
project to monitor their fiuure. 
The Times has constructed a 
"Class of Stf "from pupils at 
Bramhall High School in 
Cheshire. In the first report. 
Ian Smith discovers their 
hopes, fears and aspirations; 
over the next 12 months we 
shall follow their progress to 
see how reality measures up. 
■‘The rales here are simple." 
said one fifth-former at 
Bramhall High School. "You 
do well and everyone falls 
over themselves to lead you by 
the hand. Fall behind and they 
turn their backs on you as 
though you have let everyone 
down. It's survival of the 

Though that view is noi 
common, pupils at Bramhall 
High do complain of "steam 
cooker" pressure, high expec- 
tations from parents, ruthless- 
ly ambitious teachers who 
concentrate on the brightest 
pupils and of a lack of 
curriculum guidance and ca- 
reer advice. 

The school is a high flier. Its 
exam success rates are twice as 
good as the national 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,012 

A prize LjfThe Times Atlas of World History will tv given for the 
first three correct solutions opened next Thursday. Entries should 
Tv addressed to : The Times. Saturday Crossword Competition. 
Box 486. I Virginia Street. London El \>DD. The winners and 
solid ton will he published next Saturday. 

The winners of last Saturday's competition are: Mrs S G Miail. 
Maryfield Cottage. Taplow. Berks: Miss Jean Rainey. Blythe HiU 
Lane. London SE6: Mr R Brain. Galsworthy Road. Kingston. 

Name .... 
Address . 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,018 




U ' U ■ 




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-■ ■ ■ 












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c-m^mm; m : ■ 



■ ■ 










m- u 


1 First of the common people, 
this woodcutter with a Finn- 
ish friend 13.6). 

6 Test of vehicle condition — 
that's the big idea (5). 

9 Dreary rabble in retreat — 
attack with artillery (7). 

10 For nutrition lake wine, 
swallowing it before noon 

11 Inclined to speak fast (5). 

12 Merc versifiers like Southey 

13 Records by pre-eminent 
composer (SI. 

15 Some barmaids remove ihe 
froth 14). 

19 Annoy a spy Mi. 

20 Wrongly accused university 
staff of ’messengers (81. 

23 Theorize about the making 
of Capulei's enmity orig- 
inally (W). 

24 Shelter for black-hcancd 
murderer 1 5). 

26 This is said without re- 
straint about the ring road 

27 One note recurring in Ital- 
ian river poet (7). 

28 Dickensian fellow is genin' 
on (5). 

29 Straight silk dress, low cut 


metal worker 
into a lab tunic 


1 Original 

2 Sophie was the lasL glowing 
one (5). 

3 A striker kicking up a row in 
the butchery centre (8). 

4 Mountainous singer, often 
head vocalist (81. 

5 Withdraw to change suit un- 
necessarily (6). 

6 Part of frieze in opera house 
almost uncovered (6). 

7 Clement met Peter outside a 
resort (9i 

8 The end in France is also 
the end in England (51. 

14 This is associated with a 
political outsider like Glad- 
stone (6-3l. 

16 Lead astray girl said to be 
still at school |9). 

17 There is a limit to the ef- 
frontery of Whilcy (4-41. 

18 Drink one ferments in cask 

21 You can get killed, going for 
a tackle like this (6). 

22 It's crazy, calling out name 
in French (61. 

23 Scout meal (5). 

25 “Grishkin ... gives prom- 
ise of pneumatic — " 

Concise Crossword page 14 

The 20 pupils facing an uncertain future 

Head with 
to explain 

Mr Alan Debes, (right) 
Bramhall High School s 
head-teacher, is a professed 
enthusiast about education, 
-r five and breathe the job 
and I teQ the kids that die 
more educated you are, the 
more bo charge of your life 
you are. I would seU education 
to anyone because I really 
believe In it." 

' Mr Debes, aged 46, is a 
public school-educated hon- 
ours graduate who trained as 
a probation officer and be- 
lieves himself to be a progres- 
sive educationalist and an 
eminently approachable 
school head. 

“Some head-teachers see 
their job as running a tight 
ship. I think my role is to get 
the red Wood corpuscles run- 
ning, to listen to people and to 
obtain a consensus about 
what is best. 

“We five in a professional 
catchment area and a lot erf 
itwtg are managers of whatev- 

er business they are in. From 
day one, parents instill into 
their sons and daughters the 
importance of attain mg aca- 
demic excellence. They don't 
just say CMeveJs are impor- 
tant .... they mean it 
“This is bound to increase 

upon a time we could tell the 
pupils that if they worked 
hard and obtained good ex- 
amination results they would 
walk into a job of their choice. 
That is no longer true. We 
have lads with good (Hevd 
and A-fcrei passes who are on 
the dole and likely in remain 
there for the Unseeable 

Back row (from left) 

Paul Harwell: YTS mechanical 
engineering course. 

Graham Easter: hoping for 
apprenticeship with Mancbesier 
City FC under YTS. 

Jackie Royle: sixth form, career 

Jon Mark War burton: sixth 
form for 12 months only, then 
considering college to qualify as 
games teacher. 

Joanne Parker sixth form, hop- 
ing for career in journalism. 

Stephen Jones: leaving for fu- 
ture with bank or building 

Middle row 

John Green: sixth form, possible 
career in computers. 

Tina Cullen: staving on in sixth 
form, then may join police or 
become physical education 

Adrian Beilis: hopes to join 

Claire Bendey: sixth form, then 
hoping to enrol in drama school. 
Adam Roland: sixth form to 
pursue law career, community 
work or with conciliation 

Donna Combe: college course in 
nursery nursing or catering. 

Neil Chandhri: sixth form, then 
planning medical career. 

Front row 

Graham Flint: applying to five 
different colleges for hotel 


Amanda Blackwell: sixth form, 
hoping to become law executive. 
Ruth Loverseed: sixth form then 
possibly university, career 

Rebecca Hardy: leaving for job 
in bank. 

Robin Harrison: two-year YTS 
course as motor mechanic. 
Susan Clegg: hoping for college 
course in fashion or retail 

Roger Marlow: sixth form then 
university for computer studies. 

average. Its social environ- 
ment is distinctly middle 
class.The doctors, lawyers, 
businessmen, industrial man- 
agers and academics who are 
parents of Bramhall’s 1.750 
pupils have a sizeable say in 
their education, through an 
articulate parents' association. 

Nonetheless, some of the 
Gass of '86 are patently 
frightened over what the fu- 
ture holds; others are cau- 
tiously optimistic; some are 
aggressively determined 

They fall into three groups: 
• those leaving at July to find 

a job irrespective of results in 
GCE O-level 16-plus or CSE 

• those planning to spend two 
years in the sixth form before 
finding a job; 

• a smaller group who aim to 
go on to university at 18. 

The three groups have one 
thing in common: the need to 
achieve good exam results, 
without which the future is 
distinctly bleak-The Gass of 
'86 resents bitterly — and 
without exception — the fact 
that their five years' work 
might he valued by an exam 

lasting two and a half hours. 

Stephen Jones, the baby of 
the group who is 16 in July, 
knows it is essential to get at 
least four O-level passes. 
Without them he will have to 
go to a further education 
college and fresh studies be- 
fore he can pursue a career in 
banking or with a building 
society or estate agent 

Stephen, studying seven 
subjects, has had three weeks' 
work experience with the Ab- 
bey National. He met the 
careers teacher with his father 
and was urged to pursue his 

ambition through a Youth 
Training Scheme, doing two 
years’ work experience while 
qualifying for a day-release 
course to improve his academ- 
ic record, in case there is no 
fiiU-time job after the YTS. 

He realises that the only 
certain way of getting a job is 
to rfa™ one. "No one else is 
going to do it for me. rye got 
to make my own way in the 

He has written to four 
prospective employers and is 
encouraged that all four have 
replied — remarkable in an age 
when many youngsters pen 50 
or 60 applications without the 
courtesy of a single response. 

Stephen’s father Terence, a 
flight engineer with British 
Aerospace, has no illusions 
over what lies ahead. “Things 
are a lot harder than they 
were. When Stephen was 12, 1 
thought like many other peo- 
ple that the unemployment 
situation would have im- 
proved by tl re time he left 
school. But it hasn’t If any- 
thing it's getting worse and l 
cannot see things changing by 
the time Stephen’s 12-year-old 
brother has to find work." 

“At the moment I am 

optimistic, about his future. 
There is no doubt the name of 
Bramhall High carries quite a 
lot of weight with employers 
and, without wishing to sound 
snobbish, so does our 

Amanda Blackwell suspects 
that * her father, a midear 
engineer, disapproves of her 
plans. She intends to go on 
and acquire A-levels to pursue 
her ambition to be a law 
executive, without trying for 

Roger Marlow, a slightly- 
built self-assured fifth former, 
shares a love of computers 
with his father, a computer 
programmer. Though ihe 
parents' association has raised 
£7,000 of the £1 5.000 needed 
to equip tbe computer suite, 
Roger steers dear of the 
classroom technology. 

“You pick up more bad 
habits than knowledge- The 
teachers are only just learning 
themselves and are just one 
step ahead of the class; 1 pick 
np a lot more at home in the 
evenings with my father." 
Roger {dans to go on to 
university to study computer 
science— he has written. to 

Bill gains 
a smooth 

Continued from page t - 


No hint of a concession bjj 
been given by Mrs Thaic;^ 
during Question Time pa 
Thursday when Mr Kktoock 
daimed die Government's ap- 
proach to the Bill was “cheap 
and nasty". / - . 

day the Govemm etu's p osition 
was one of i ntransigenc e. But 


m tbe atmosphere after 
Kinnock’s intervention during 
Question Time" - ' 

The Government had op- 
posed a cfause which would 
require hospitals to give. 28 
‘ “ notice to sociaT sendees 

had been treated for mental 
disorders for more than 
months. ‘ : 

Mr Barney Hayhoe, Minister 
for Health, aid those provi- 
sions that would cost money 
would have to wait to be 
brought in. He said tfjat while 
tbe Government did not accept 

that carers have a right so ask 
for assessments of tbose in their 
charge, it did concede tiiat local 
authorities could ask for such 

Mr Andrew Rowe, Conser- 
vative MP for Kent Mid . and 
chairman of the afl-pany sodti 
services panel welcomed the 
Government’s changed ini-' 
tude. He hoped implementa- 
tion would not_ be__tou 
protracted because of lack of 

Mr Brian. Rix, secretary gcn- 
eral oFMcncap, who works! cm 
tbe Bil) with Mr Oario, said 
this would be a major step 
forward for the disabled. 

"Now a ‘mentally handi- 
capped person leaving school 
or coming but of faosphd null 
have to have his or. her heeds 
assessed and 1 local authorities 
will have to make a statement 
as to the means of Milling 
those rieedsr*. 


■ Four hundred 
destroyed at a 

Kiatet, „ _ 

because of an ouuwwk erf 
swine fever, lbe fust m Britain 
forlSyears. ' 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

Prince Andrew opens the 
National Badminton Centre, 
Milton Keynes, 2.55. 

Princess Margaret attends the 
St John Ambulane Association 
and Brigades Regional 
Presidents’ Conference, Poach- 
ers House. Bamber Bridge, Pres- 
ton, 12.30. 

New Exhibitions 

Drawing for sculpture by, 
Emily Hoffnung and lustreware 
by Janet Lewis; Bobun Gallery. 
13 Station Rd, Henley-on- 
Thames; Mon to Sat 10 to 5.30, 
closed Wed (ends May 8). 

Black and White Memories; 
Photographs by David Bailey; 
Aberdeen Art Gallery, 
Schoo/hiU; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, 
Thurs 10 to S. Sun 2 to 5 (ends 
May 4). 


Choral concert by the Gabrice 
Choir, St Augustine’s, Kilburn, 
NW5, 7.30. 

Concert by Eric HiU (guitar) 
and The John Horier Trio; 
October Gallery, 24 Old 
Gloucester St. WO, 8. 

Brass band concert by tbe 
Jaguar (City of Coventry) Band; 
St Mary Abbots, W8, 1 1. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Symphony Orchestra; 
Guildhall Southampton. 8. 

Concert by the Scottish Na- 
tional Orchestra; City HaJL 
Glasgow, 7.30. 

Concert by the Medici String 
Quartet; The Adrian Bouh Hall 
Birmingham School of Music, 
Paradise Place, 7.30. 

Concert by the Swansea Phil- 
harmonic Choir Brangwyn 
Hall Swansea, 7.30. 

Concert by the Chelmsford 
Singers; Waltham Abbey. 7.30. 

Concert by the Endymion 
Ensemble: New College Chapel 
Oxford. 8. 

Concert by Musica Donum 
Dei; St Peter's, Nottingham, 


Chelsea Book-fair and Chelsea 
Cine Fair, Chelsea Old Town 
Hall, SW3. 10 lo 6, 

Highgate Horticultural Spring 
Show; Highate Literary & Scien- 
tific Institution. 1 1 South 
Grove. N6. 2. 

Felt Making Day: demonstra- 
tions by Freda Walker and 
Jenny Cowern; Abbot Hall Art 
Gallerv, Kendal Cumbria. 1.30. 


Last chance to see 

A Noise in Your Eye: sound 
sculptures; Concourse Gallery-, 
Barbican Centre, EC2. 12 to 8. 

Masterpieces of photography 
from the Riddell Collection: 
Scottish National Portrait Gal- 
lery, Queen Street, Edinburgh. 2 
to 5. 


Concert by the London Sym- 
phony Orchestra: Barbican Hall, 

Verdi’s Requiem by the Wren 
Orchestra of London; Albert 
Hall. SW7. 7 JO. 

Concert by the Scottish Na- 
tional Orchestra: His Majesty’s 
Theatre, Aberdeen, 130. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Symphony Orchestra: The 
Pavilion. Sandown. 3, 


Chelsea Physic Garden opens 
for ihe summer today: Royal 
Hospital Rd (emrance in Swan 
Walk). SW3; Wed, Sun and 
Bank holidays 2 to S (until Oct 



Edward Bird, painter, was 
bom at Wolverhampton. 1772. 

Deaths; William Kent archi- 
tect designer and landscape 
gardener, London. 1748; 
Charles Buniey. organist and 
music historian, London. 1814; 
Franklin D Roosevelt 32nd 
President of USA 193345, 
Warm Springs, Georgia, 1945. 

Births: Frederick North. 2nd 
Earl of Guildford, Prime Min- 
ister 1770-82, London, 1732; 
Thomas Jefferson. 3rd Presi- 
dent of the USA 1801-09, 
Shadwell Virginia. 1743; Rich- 
ard Trevithick, engineer and 
pioneer of railway locomotives, 
I Hogan. Cornwall 1771; 

Deaths: Charles Leslie, 
controversialist. Glaslough. 
Republic of Ireland, 1772; Hugh 
Oappcitoa. explorer, Sokoto, 
Nigeria, 1827. 


London and die South East A13: 
Balking: New contraflow to oBow tar 
construction of South Woodford rate# 
road. A406: Roadworks on North Crater, 
Edmonton (&anv4pm) at junction of A10 
Great Bambnda Rd. K2S: Contraflow 
between Hunton Bridge and Junction IS 

The MldtandK Ml: Two tans contraflow 
between {unction 16 (Northampton) and 
I unction 15 (DaventryL MG: Contraflow on 
northbound carriageway between junc- 
tions 15 and is near State on Trane 
southbound entry sflp road closed at 
junction 16. M50- Lana closures between 
prehon 2 (Bury Court) and pjncaon 3 
(Jays Green!. Gtos and Worcs. 

Wstes and West M32: Lane ctosiaes 
on north txxmdrarnag away txnwean junc- 
tions 1 and 3, Bnstai, during daybght 
hours only. 

The North: MG: Lane closures on both 
camageways between junction 32 (Pres- 
ton) and funchon 33 (Lancaster South). 
A1: Contrallow on southbound 
canageway of the Cattenck bypass. M83: 
Onty one lane open nontuwund between 
jtinuon 3 (Barton Bridge) and pmcaon 1 
lEcdes Interchange): no northbound ac- 
cess at junction 3 and Junction 2 (Peel 

Scottand: AS2: Singfe line traffic (24hrs) 
tour mtes N ot Spean Bodge. A82: Single 
law traffic (tern to 8pm) at Loch Loony. 

Information wtppli ed by AA 

Gardens open 

Cheshire: Harebarrow. Ctaiford Rd. 
Prest&ury. 3m N of Macctesfleta on A538; 
1 acre. 200 varieties Of hoarnera. water 
garden, flock of Jacob sheep: 2 to 6. 

Staffordshire: The Garth. 2 Broc H» 
Way. fcUtans. 4%m SE of Stafford, off 
A513, StaHgrd-Rugeiey road; shrubs, 
herbaceous, bites, punts lor flower 
arrangers: 2 to G. 

Renfrew; Form akin Estate by 
Btsbopton: woodlands and formal gar- 
dens now m an overgrown conrMon, out 
are to be restored By toe FortnaWn Trust 
bui&s haw muwpued smce toe grounds 
were laid out between 1903 and 1913. 2 ® 

GteueestaraMre VtMersay House, 
ivnn N oi Broadway on ass near 
Wfllersey village: bulbs. Oowertng shrubs, 
oatiodvs a feature: 1 1 to? 

The pound 





AusTrafea S 



Austria Scb 



Betnum Fr 



Canada S 









France Fr 



CtftrnuHiy Din 



Greece Dr 



Hong KongS 



Ireland FI 



Italy Laa 

24 HUE* 

99<tn nn 

Japan Yen 



Nadrartands Gtd 



Norway Kr 






South AlrtcaRd 



Spurn Pta 



Sweden Kr 



Switzerland Fr 






Yugoslavia Dnr 



Rates Price index: 331.1 

London: The FT Index dosed up 10 4 at 

In the garden 

Gladioli can be planted now. 
Plant the conns, 6 inches deep 
in exposed gardens, over three 
fortnightly intervals for a 
succession of flowers over a long 
period. Seed potatoes can also 
be planted. 

If the ground is workable, sow 
early peas such as ‘Feltham 
First’, broad beans, carrots, 
onions and turnips. Sow a 
packet of mixed lettuces — the 
varieties take different times to 
mature, so you can be cutting 
lettuces over a period of three to 
four weeks. 

If we have a spell of warm 
weather, do not be tempted to 
buy tender plants Like tomatoes, 
marigolds, petunias, geraniums 
for planting outdoors. They 
should not be planted out until 
the end of May in the South, or 
the first or second week of June 
in the North. Tomatoes may of 
course be planted in a heated 
greenhouse this month. 

There is still time to lift and 
divide herbaceous plants — 
rudbeckias. heleniums, erig- 
crons. veronicas and the rest. 
Michaelmas daisies can be di- 
vided frequently — every year if 
you can spare the time. Plant 
strong single pieces from the 
outside of the old dump at 
about IS inches apart. RH 


■ii *f wHn 













E I 











E 3 





























































































































































































































A weak warm front over S 
England will move away 
S. A weak cold front will 
move slowly S across 

NOON TODAY Preuore b xlwwo in ntfHbnis HtONKWree* - Cold 

6 am to midnight 

SE England, East An- 

gSa: A Bttte rain or sleet in places, 

becoming drier and brighter later; 

wind NWtoht; max temp 9C (48R. 
Central S, E, SW, NW, centra} N, 

NE England, RBdlands, Channel 

Islands, Wales, Lake District, tale 

of Man: A Bale rain in places, but 

becoming drier with bright or sunny 

intervals; wind NW BOnt or mod- 
erate: max temp 10C (50F). 

Bordets, EcfinbuTOi, Dundee, 
Aberdeen, SW, NW Scotland, Glas- 
gow, Central ffightands, 
Northern Ireland: Rather 

rain or drizzle h places, some _ 

or sunny intervals; wind NW mod- 

High Tides 


London thMfp 


orate; max 

Moray Hub, NE 


ney, SheOHid; Sunny intervals scat- 
tered wintry showers; wind N 
moderate or fresh; max temp 7C 

Outlook for tomorrow and Mon- 
day: Rattier doudy with some rain In 
but clearer weather with 


63 449 
33 430 

13.1 10.10 

5.1 1.55 
123 9.5S 
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6l5 133 

5.1 833 
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3-9 247 
5 2 130 

7.1 fl.11 
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125 1035 

3.1 233 
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First quarter: April 17 

Hrat quarter: Aprf 17. 

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Around Britain 

ins to 

Scnrboro 13 .02 

Brtttfngtan 3.7 .04 

CronMr 33. - 

C F 

41 hafl 
43 steel . 
39 bnght 

Lighting-up time 

832 pm to 5.40 am 
831 pm to 5^0 am 
.43 pm to 543 am 
834pm to 5.45 am 
841 pm to 804 am 

833 pm to 538 am 
‘ 'Tom to 848 am 
845 pm to 541 am . 
Or B.3& pm to 5 .42 am 
1 643 pm to 802 am 


Tsmparatuias at midday yesterday- c, 
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C F C F 

c 846 Guernsey sn 337 
t 337 bmnwn r 746 
( 643 Jersey sn 438 
t 541 London 1 438 
f 541 MTKhster C 541 
c 745 H e iwaBte I 543 
c 948 RTHony c 843 

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6 43 ran 

6 43 Showers 

6 48 cloudy 

7 45 -dowdy 

7 45 gate 

7 46 ctoody. 

8 46 cloudy 

8 48. sunny' ' 

9 48 sunny, 

8 -48 txlgtx ■ 
.6 46 Sunny 
9 ,48 surety 
7-45 BWtny 
3 48 

8 46 brifjnt 
8 48 bright 
8 48 sunny 

Tbtere are touraday* Sgorev 

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Te rminal Four 

AkratH. . 

Four of London Buses local bus 

servicas and fls express AIRBUS routas. 

bstwasn toe Airport and Central London, 
tore been extended to sene Termhai 
Fort wtoh opens today 
The lo cal services are routes 105 
(Hratfirow A&pon to Shepherd's Bush): 
140 (Heathrow Airport to Edgunre Sta- 
2W|Hfl™>n»w Aaport to New Maktar&. 

The AIRBUS services wd be reved with 
tne cunam three routes amatflarnatedmio 


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c 3 37 

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f 1 34 ' “ 

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a 23 73 Locarno 

£5S“ c 32 S C -1 30 

Chicago' E 13 59 L Antple* f 18 64 

Ch-etech* s 16 61 NtoSd r g S 

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sn 3 37. M u n ic h 
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f fi* 75 Parts 
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f 2 36 turn v 19 69 
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s 20 68 Vanetrer f » *6 
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■ -*4 '- . 



:FT.30 Share' 

1411 .9-{+l 0.4) 
1698.7 (+8.4) 

USM (Datastream) 
118.35 (-0.06) 



1. 4810^+0.018* 

W German mark 
-'3.4063 (-0.0032) 


76.1 f+0.2) 

Boost for 


Hanson wins £2.8bn fight 
for control of Imperial 

' The pound strengthened . 
. against the dollar yesterday, as 
markets continued to antici- 
pate a cut in the US. discount 
. rate .within the. next few days. 
Sterling rose by almost two 
"cents 'to finish at $1.4800 in 
London, bdf it weakened 
against the made, dropping by 
over 1.5 pfennigs during the 
- day to -3 .3940, before recover- 
in£to close at 3 j4064. : 

. The dollar also fell against 
the yen, dipping Towards 178 
by ihe London dose. 

The Bank ‘of England took 
an easier stance towards ster- 
ling- interest 1' rates./ following 
Thursday's attempt , to slow 
the-fall in money market rates 
and after opening slightly 
firmer, sierfisg rales remained 
weak. The key three-month 
interbank rate ended the day 
at 10%. . • 

TheBauk took thebppbrta- 
nity of a stronger gfits markets 
to. offer Four taplets, each of 
£100 million, with coupons 
ranging from 2.5 to 7.75 per 
cent The maturities ranged 
from 1990. to 2016. • - 

Duport jumps 

Duport estimates its pretax 
profits at £5.3 million for the ; 
year us March - 31, against I 
£244 million last time. The 
fioal dividend is going up ; 
from 1 lp to 1.95p. Tempos, j 

STC rumours 

Shares in STC. the elect rou- 
tes company, rose from- 144p 
'tor .■ 1 58p yesterday- as bid 
rumours circulated on the 
.atock market : The. spggsted 
+TOddfejrs wewpfiiraien&.wWesi' 
-'.Germany .and British -TeJe- 
com muni cations, "whose 
shares fell 1 Op to 258p- 

Elders stake 

.Elders fXL holds 18-52 per 
cent'bflhe 1.25 billion issued 
shares in Broken Hill Propri- 
etary after Thursday’s 
AusSt.70 billion (about £839 
million) share TaicL This is 
more than was originally 

DM deficit 

West Germany ran up a 
DMJ.77 billion (£526 million) 
capital account deficit in Feb- 
ruary, after a DM227 billion 
surplus in January, according 
to .figures from the 

Rights issue 

Low and Sonar is to raise 
£226 . million through a one- 
for-four rights issue to help the 
group's continuing invest- 
ment and acquisition pro- 
gramme, The issue is to be 
underwritten by Robert Flem- 
ing and Company. 

Tilney target 

Sale Tilney is to raise about 
£9.3 million through a two- 
for-seven rights issue of 4.29 
million shares at 225p. 

Bids cleared 

The following proposed 
mergers are not to be. 
referreththe acquisition by 
Pilkington Bros of LOF Glass 
Inc; the acquisition by Hawley 
Group of Cope .Allman Inter- 
national and the subsequent 
acquisition by Henlys Group 
ofCope; and IMl's acquisition 
of Martonair International. 

By AlisonEadie 

Hanson Trust emerged last 
night as the victor in the long- 
-■ running £28 billion takeover 
battle for Imperial Group. 

. Lord Hanson, chairman of 
Hanson Trust, said -he was 
delighted He added: “We 
want to' get together with the 
board of Imperial as soon as 
possible. For the benefit of all 
staff and shareholders the 
Imperial board should quickly 
recommend our offer to end 
the uncertainty”. - 

United Biscuits, the rival 
bidder. which was backed by 
the Imperial board, conceded 
defeat soon after 5pm, when it 
announced h had gained con- 
trol. of 34.f per cent of 
Imperial’s equity. UB needed 
at least 50 per cent accep- 
tances by 3pm yesterday, its 
final closing day. Its bid lapsed 
when it failed to get them, ' 

Although Hanson Trust did 
not announce that it had 
passed the 50 per cent mark, it 
has extended its bid, thus 
assuring it of victory. It was 
still counting last night and 
had more than;40 per cent It 
will announce its level of 
acceptances on Monday 

Growth in 
UK ‘best 
in Europe’ 

From Bailey Morris 

Britain .has outperformed 
its biggest European competi- 
tors since 1981, re-establishing 
hself as a strong worid leader, 
the Chancellor, Mr Nigel 
Lawson, said in a speech to the 
New York_ financial 
community. . 

He tokl members of the 
New York Economic Gub 
that, contrary to popular per- 
ception, Britain wa^no longer 
the “sick man of Europe,” but 
the leader.- , .. j- 

, 1 'JFhei Ch&caSor speak- 
ing before .another important ' 
meeting of world finance min- 
isters, at which they assessed 
the prospects of the poorest 
nations, which will require 
greatly increased resources 
This year. . ‘ - 
At the same meetinga battle 
broke out between the biggest 
industrialized nations and Ja- 
pan over the amount of 
resources each would pay into 
programmes for the poor. 

Mr Lawson said: “From 
1973 to 1982 we were^rt the 
bottom of the European 
growth table. But in 1983 we 
were top, second in 1984, and 
last year we were back on top 

Britain was moving into its 
sixth year of growth in the 3 
per cent range despite a crip- 
pling year-long coal strike and 
the recent 50 per cent drop in 
the price of oil Mr Lawson 
told the financial managers 
and economists, who were 
eager to assess Britain's per- 
formance before big bang in 
the City. 

His optimistic address, in 
which he said that Britain had 
outperformed West Germany 
and France (which experi- 
enced lower rates of growth 
over the past five years) noted 
that by all measures, including 
employment. Britain . had 
come out on top. 

Mr Lawson said: “Since 
1 9S3 the number of people in 
work in France is down by ' 
about 350.000, in Italy up by 
100,000 and in Germany up 
by less than 200,000, but in 
Britain the figure is up by over 
600,000. We have created 
more jobs in the UK than in 1 
the rest of the European 
Community together.”- 

P :> ^ y v : 

.« / . .] 

Bid rivals: Sir Hector T -fling (left) and Lord Hanson 

A .disappointed Sir Hector 
Laing, chairman of UB, said 

an opportunity bad been lost 
for shareholders and the Brit- 
ish public to create a British 
food and tobacco company of 
sufficient size to compete with 
the American giants. He add- 
ed that UB was perfectly 
capable of looking after itself 
in the British ana American 
markets, but it needed 
Imperial's tobacco cash to 
push into new markets in the 
Third World. 

Echoing a theme of Sir John 
Harvey-Jones. chairman of 

1CI, he said: “Our horizons 
have shrunk industrially.” 

The chairman of Imperial 
Group, Mr Geoffrey Kent, 
who had fought hard against 
the Hanson takeover, said: 
“We very much regret the 
offer from United Biscuits has 
failed and the opportunity to 
build a major new British 
consumer goods group has 
been missed.” Imperial will be 
make a further statement on 
Monday after Hanson an- 
nounces its acceptances. 

United Biscuits stake of 
14.9 per cent in Imperial will 
either be sold to Hanson Trust 

or placed in the market. At 
yesterday's price of 363p for 
Imperial, up !9p. UB was 
showing a £49 million profit 
on its holding. 

Although it was not clear 
last night how many accep- 
tances Hanson bad won, it 
appeared that some large insti- 
tutions had failed to cast a 
vote at all. The level of United 
Biscuits acceptances was low- 
er than expected and indicated 
some institutions could not 
bring themselves to make a 
decision. Alternatively some 
small shareholders, confused 
by all the conflicting literature 
landing on their doormats, 
may not have taken any 

Hanson's extension does 
not include the all cash alter- 
native, which at 293p was well 
below Imperial's share price 
and had been taken up by only 
a very small- proportion of 

Hanson Trust, the acquisi- 
tive conglomerate, won its last 
major takeover in January 
when it bought SCM corpora- 
tion in the United States for 
nearly SI billion (£700 mil- 
lion). after an even more 
bloody battle. 

Tempos, page 23 

US economics chief attacks 
Britain's 5% tax on ADRs 

Mr Walter Wriston, the 
chairman of President 
Reagan’s Economic Policy 
Advisory Board, yesterday at- 
tacked . the British Govern- 
ment over the proposed 5 per 
cent tax on American Deposi- 

tary Receipts. 

He said it was an example of 
how governments make “fu- 
tile efforts ” to enact laws in 
the mistaken belief that the 
measures will only affect their 
sector of a global market. 

Mr Wriston’s remarks came 
a day after Mr Nigel Lawson, 
the Chancellor, made it clear 
he wawmi badong down over 
the tax.. 

Speaking in New York on 
his way back from the Interim 
Committee meeting of tbe 
International Monetary Fund, 
Mr Lawson said that despite 
the reduction in stamp duty 

By Teresa Poole 

on transfers of securities there 
was still an incentive for large 
institutions in Britain to trans- 
act their business in New York 
where there is no stamp duty 
at all. 

He said: “If they are going 
to do that then they have to 
pay a season ticket.” 

Mr Wriston, a former chair- 
man of Citicorp, told an 
audience in London: “Like the 
American interest equaliza- 
tion lax which crippled our 
New York market, the new 
ADR tax will have a similar 
perverse effect on London asa 
great trading centre.” 

In America, he said, the 
1962 law which was designed 
to discourage access to the 
New York capital market 
actually resulted in many 
Americans moving to London 
and helped to create a bigger. 

Stock Conversion plans 
talks with Stocldey 

By Judith Huntley 

Stock Conversion and Haslemere Estates or the 

Stock Conversion and 
Stockley, the property compa- 
nies are due to meet early 
next week in an amicable at- 
mosphere to discuss the oiler 
tabled by Stock Conversion to 
its unwelcome 26.5 per cent 
shareholder. But persistent ru- 
mours, in the market that Sir 
Jeffrey Sterling's P & O Group 
is about to launch a bid for 
Stock Conversion could mean 
events overtake them. Stock- 
Conversion's share price has 
been bouyed op on bid hopes 
for days and stood at 670p, a 
iOp rise, at dose yesterday. 

None of the property com- 
panies- feel safe after 
Rodainco, the Dutch 
developer's successful bid for 

ealier takeover of Capital & 
Counties by Liberty Life, the 
South African insurance 

Tbe property company has 
spent much time and energy 
shaking off its sleepy image. 
The fall in interest rates could 
see Stock Conversion coming 
to the market for up to £100 
million by way of a long term 
debenture issue. 

It has a £60 million rolling 
development programme over 
the next three years. But it will 
have to pull out all the asset 
revaluation stops to ward off a 
predator. Its present conserva- 
tive valuation method does 
not include dealing properties. 

Broadside by Guinness 

Mr Janies Gulliver's Argyll 
supermarkets group was yes- 
terday accused of breaching 
the Takeover Code and 
“puffing” its share price as the 
bitter, four-month old battle 
for control of Distillers en- 
tered its final week. 

The claims were made by 
Guinness, which is rivalling 
Argyll's £28 billion bid for 

Mr Roger Seelig of Morgan 
Grenfell. Guinness’s mer- 
chant bank, said that Argyll's 
advisers had failed to report 
within the time allowed some 
of the purchases 
The Takeover Panel con- 
firmed that there had been no 
breach of the code by Argyll 
and that all the share pur- 
chases had been disclosed 
“quite properly”. 

more competitive market in 

Speaking at a British Insti- 
tute of Management/No- 
lan/Norton seminar on 
information technology and 
wealth creation, be said the 
reality of the global market- 
place, tied together by an 
electronic infrastructure, 
would not go away. 

The proposed 5 per cent 
duty on the creation of new 
ADRs has been criticized as 
protectionist by a number of 
major British companies in- 
cluding ICi, Hanson Trust, 
Glaxo. Cadbury Schweppes, 
and British Telecom. 

They also argue that its 
introduction will provide both 
financial and commercial ad- 
vantages to foreign competi- 

surge for 

By Lawrence Lever 

Strong demand for home 
loans is shown in the figures 
for last month from the Build- 
ing Societies Association. Tbe 
abolition of differentials and 
reductions in the mortgage 
interest rates meant that the 
societies promised loans 
worth £2.8 billion — the 
second highest monthly figure 
on record. 

About 100,000 new mort- 
gages were promised to 
homebuyerslasi month 
andpro visional BSA estimates 
show that about 89.000 home 
loans were advanced, the 
highest number since last 
October. Total advances rose 
lo £2.4 billion 

Net retail receipts of £657 
million last month were the 
lowest for the year and more 
than £130 million down on 
the previous month. Mr Rich- 
ard Weir, secretary-general of 
the BSA, said yesterday that 
this was expected because of 
the third call on British 
Telecom shareholders. 

Mr Weir added that the fail 
in retail funds was “more than 
compensated for by the in- 
crease in wholesale funding.” 



lilmar Vmfc 

Dow Jones — 1801.59 1 + 729 } 

Nikkei Dow — 1532&38 {+1224J1) 

HS— 1784.21 f+25.«> 
Amste r d a m: Gen — 

Svdnay: AO (+TS4) 



S W Berisford 

Sydney: AO — 
Commerzbank ., 


General — ■ — . 

Paris: CAC 


SKA General — 

__ 219A5 1+29-9} 

.. 507-03 (- 10S7] 
370.1 (-333.4) 

524.70 (same) 

Uni fever 

Metal Closures 
EBs Everard 
Mann and Co _ 
Attwoods — — 
Barton Trans — 
Courtney Pope . 
WPP Hdba 


B T 


Stewart Wrlghtson 
Mercury Secs 

- S84p (+12) 
_ 15Bp(+14 
„257p 1+1 m 

_ 281 p +11) 

. 1640p (+60) 
_ 159p (+13) 
„ 229p (+17) 
_ 310p(+2ffi 

- 161p j+11) 

- 240p (+50) 

- 371p (+40) 

- 535p (+25) 

258p -10) 
_ 553p -14) 
_ 339p -13) 
„ 973p (-25) 

Docklands airport tipped 
to take off next autumn 

By Claire Dobie and Judith Huntley 


London Paring: 

23031 ) 

cSnUxS34l,KKJ42.10 . 

main price changes 


London: NewYodc 

£$1.4810 £$1.4810 

£ DM3.4063 S: DM23000 

£ SwFr2Jj45Q £ Index: 11&7 

& FFr108448 - 

£ Yen263£l ECU £0.832687 

ttndeSSS SDR £0773911 


Bank Base: 11% 

3«nonm Wemank n/a 
3- month etajibte bffls;lQ-9% . 
toying rate 

Prime Rate 9%' 

Federal Funds B ra i£* 

3-manth Treasunr Bins 557-5.35% 
30*year bonds 1Z3 T i#-12S% 

Work ob a new airport in 
London's Docklands, just six 
miles from the City of London, 
is due to start within the next 
few days. The airport is ex- 
pected to be operational next 

Mr Roger Sainsbury, a di- 
rector of John Mowiem, the 
contractor, said yesterday: “I 
am hopeful we will issue a 
construction notice - next. 


Bulldozers win move onto 
the site. Which lies between the 
Royal Albert and King George 
V docks, immediately Ac no- 
tice is issued. 

. Tbe Stolport (short take off 
and lauding) Will eventually 
carry 12 million passengers, 
mostly businessmen travelling 

-between London and various 
continental cities indniiiug 
Paris, Frankfort and Brussels, 

It will also fly to Birming- 
ham, Manchester and other 
domestic destitutions. 

The work will be carried out 
at a cost of- £18. million by 

John Mowiem, which will own 
the lease and also manag e the 
airport once the building is 

The company is pfenning to 
bring partners into the ven- 
ture, and h is even possible 
that the Stolport will eventual- 
ly be floated on the Stock 
Exchange, with Mowiem re- 
taining majority control. 

The main operator trill be 
Brawn Airways, of Plym- 
outh, which plans to order six 
new propellor driven Dash 7 
aircraft from Brymoc's former 

parent, de Haviland of 

A number of other airlines 
have declared an interest in 
operating out of the Stolport 
But helicopters have been 
banned because of noise levels. 

Development coaid be ham- 
pered by protestors from the 
Cam paign Against the Air- 
port, an offshoot of the New- 
ham Dockland Fonnn. 

Mrs Connie Hunt, the sec- 
retly and treasurer, claims 

bulldozers have already moved 
in but the only work carried 
oat to date has been the 
diversion of a gas main. 

The airport is the catalyst 
for property development in 
the Royals where some of the 
biggest names in the industry 
are vying for schemes. 

Moslem's property division 
is part of a consortium con- 
taining Conran Roche, part of 
the Terence Conran empire, 
and the Heron Corporation 
which plans 1 million sq ft of 
development in the Royals. 

Tbe consortium's proposals 
go the London Docklands 
Development Corporation at 
tbe end of the month. They 
include offices, studios, high 
tech buildings and an hotel 
and conference facilities 

Rosehaugh/Stanbope. the 
developer of the huge office 
project at Liverpool Street, 
wants to boild a 1-5 million sq 
ft retail scheme at the eastern 
end of the Royal Docks In a 
multi-million pound venture, 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

The currency market 
looks for a victim 

4ieel Lawson's bullish remarks an nlavers the market could easily tOD 

Nigel Lawson's bullish remarks on 
interest rates in the United States 
have, at least temporarily, given 
foreign exchange markets something 
to go for. At the the time of the EMS 
realignment last weekend, the dollar 
looked relatively strong. But with 
markets now expecting the US to lead 
the next phase of worid interest rate 
reductions — with a cut in the 
discount rate now clearly imminent 
— the dollar is looking the weakest of 
the main currencies. 

Sterling rose ltt cents against the 
US currency by the London close 
yesterday, and the marie and yen 
registered even stronger gains. In 
Washington, the Japanese finance 
minister made no response to calls by 
the British Chancellor for a further 
rise in the yen. The market's inter- 
pretation is that silence gives consent. 

The pound began the week well, 
gaining from the general boost to 
European currencies given by the 
EMS realignment, but also from a 
strengthening in oil prices. The cut in 
British bank base rates had little 
impact on the currency markets, in a 
climate in which all main industrial 
countries were getting together to 
lower worldwide interest rates. 

This half a percentage point cut in 
bank base rates is still not seen as 
enough by the money markets, 
though the Bank of England made a 
gesture of concern with high Sterling 
M3 figures by braking the decline in 
money market rates on Thursday. By 
Friday, it seemed to have come to the 
view that it had paid sufficient lip- 
service to the Sterling M3 target, and 
money market rates eased again. 
Three-month inter-bank rate fell to 
about 10% per cent on Friday 
afternoon, clearly discounting a fur- 
ther half percentage point off bank 
base rates. 

The gilt market benefitted strongly 
all week from falling interest rates, 
and the Bank of England seized the 
opportunity to push out four taplets 
of £100 million each yesterday. The 
maturities ranged from 1990 up to 

But there is still a great deal of 
uncertainly in the foreign exchange 
markets, and until they have digested 
the somewhat delphic utterances of 
finance ministers this past week, the 
direction of currency speculation will 
remain uncertain. 

Passing the mortgage 

A homegrown secondary mortgage 
market in Britain now looks set to 
become one of the fastest growing 
markets in the City, developed 
almost exclusively by outsiders who 
have spotted the opportunity. 

Ironically, only a few months ago 
the established mortgage operators — 
building societies and banks — were 
arguing that the growth of such a 
market, akin to the securitized mort- 
gage market in the United States, 
could never happen here. Even if no 
one else joins the current handful of 

players the market could easily top £2 
billion within the next 18 months. 

So far it is developing in two ways. 
The first, pioneered by National 
Home Loans Corporation which was 
launched six months ago, simply 
involves the purchase by NHL of the 
home loan portfolios of customers 
who include local authorities, banks 
and insurance companies eager to 
move a relatively illiquid investment 
off their balance sheets. NHL takes 
over the full risk and administration 
of the mortgages and sometimes 
repackages groups of loans to sell on 
to other investors. 

Thai is an early and somewhat 
unsophisticated stage in the market's 
development, but this week a subsid- 
iary of Salomon Brothers entered the 
field with a plan to bundle mortgages 
into securities and sell them world- 
wide. The new company, Mortgage 
Corporation, aims to lend and 
securitize around £500 million this 
year and considerably more than that 
next year. 

The sudden appearance of a 
secondary market reflects the intense 
interest in UK mortgages shown by 
investors from as far afield as Canada 
and Japan as well as others closer to 
home. It gives them a way ofbuilding 
up sterling exposures in a secure and 
profitable market without the need 
fora retail presence in Britain. At the 
same time it gives those institutions 
wbo have found access lo the primary 
home loan market a way of divesting 
some of their exposure to make way 
for more primary lending. 

For ordinary borrowers an active 
secondary market almost certainly 
means an even greater abundance of 
funds to borrow, but there are 
inevitable problems. To reassure 
borrowers the new market will have 
to develop guarantees that the 
responsibility for, say, setting interest 
rates and foreclosing on people who 
do not repay will remain with an 
identifiable lender and not be sold 
along with the underlying asset. 
Although rising, the number of 
foreclosures is still tiny and no one 
wants to see a new breed of ruthless 
investor entering the market who is 
willing to foreclose at the drop of a 

These fears were highlighted when 
Barclays canvassed the opinions of its 
borrowers on the sale of their 
mortgages and received an unequivo- 
cal thumbs down to the idea late last 

The new market will also have to 
develop a system of rate fixing which 
borrowers trust One is the old 
discretionary method which leaves 
the decision to the judgement of the 
lender. But another which could find 
favour would be to link the mortgage 
rate to a percentage above the 
London Interbank Offered Rate. 


Our style 

is worlds 









•Source Planned Savings. Offer to &d. Income Remvested L 3 85. 

Above you see the results of £1000 invested in 
the Oppenheimer International Growth Trust 
placing it top out of all international unit trusts 
over all the periods shown.* 

Our style of international fund management is 
different We buy the shares that we want w herever 
they may be. regardless of the established inter- 
national capital weighting. 

Our performance has benefited from some 
aggressive positions, at times over 4-0% in one geo- 
graphical area. 

The risks of such active manage- 
ment can be great but as you can 
see. so can the rewards. _ i 

To see how the Oppenheimer j 

International Growth Trust is pres- opp^behner 
ently invested call 01-236 3885. Fune Managemenc Iks 

A memoer company of die Mercantile House Group. 





' New York (agencies) 
Stocks were higher Id eariy 
acflrfty jestcrds^ 
foQowing (be re lens a! lbs 
market's opening of IBbTi 

Tbs computer compar re- 
ported tome of SUxS a 
dure, compared with Slil a 
year earlier. Analysts' esti- 
mates had ranged from 51.40 
(o shoot SLOG a share. IBM 
rose by two to (5214. 

The Dow Jones industrial : 
average nan np by 9.15 to 
140X45 at 1 040 am. 

fit, f * - n #- 0 ^ M 

■nim wocira iwi Hpnipcrpfl 

frffiag ones by seven to three 
on a volume of 14 million 

On Thursday, shares made 
a strong advance, in a rally led 
by smfcoadnctor, faulting 
and tobacco stoc&s.The fodns- 
trial a vera g e dosed 15.68 
higher at 1,794 JO. 




NYOfk 1.4585-1. 46*0 
Brussels 68.90-69.47 


Apia io 





215JS7-21 5JS7 
10U62O- 10^737 

CTptwan 125166-125772 
Dutfn 1.1164-1.1233 
a ftwiMurt&3B9&3.4i65 
Ujhon 216.45-227.19 
Madrid 214.77-21557 
M30M 232757-234160 
(Me 106680-106945 
Paris 105106-105827 
SlW*n 107602-10.8036 
Tokyo 262.06-26321 
Vienna 2ZBS-2A01 
2ufth 25470-25560 

* ? 

«f r 

AMR 63% S3 Exxon Corp 55% 66% 

ASA 38% 36% FMDptSla 79% 78% 

Med Signal 51% 51% Anatom 25% 2*« 

AffledStrs 38% 38K FHCMcago 32% 31% 

ABaChtowa 5% 6% ItetnBncp 62% 61% 

Alcoa 41 41% FttPsmC 6% 6% 

Ainaxtns MH U* ftxrd 83% 80% 

An'itSQHS 20% 20% FTWadwa 41% 40% 

Am Brands 85% 60% OAPCotp 67% 67% 

AwBrtcart n/a rOa OTECorp 52% 52% 

An Can 7TB 71% Gen Cop 74 74 

Am Ctmrt! 68 67% GenOfmcs 66% 6S% 

AmEIPwr 26% 26% G«n Electric 76% 76% 

An Express 66% 66 Gan Inst 19% 19% 

Am Home B2% 79% Gen MO* 74 % 73% 

Amribsptal (1/0 Oft G#nMoN»* 86% 82% 

Am Motors 4% 4K GnPbUtiw 19% 18% 

AmSt'nrt 45 44 Gwsko 3 3% 

AmTetapO 22% 22% GBOtgtaPW 33% S3 

Amoco 61 68% GDoW 0S% «K 

Armon Steel W 9% Goodrich 43% 43 % 

Asarco 20% 20% Goodyear 32% 3MI 

AsMandOi 49 % 49% GoufefrtC 24% 24% 

Atmn&m s» 53 % arac# 51 % so% 

Avon Prods 33% 32% GtAtt&Tac 23% 22% 

BkreTsINY 46% 44% Grim 35% 35% 

Banksmer 16 % 16 % GrumanCor 26% 28% 

BkofBston 73% 72% Gun&WaW 60 59% 

Bank of NY 65% 63% HtrewHJ. 40% 39% 

BeatrcaPds 49% 49% Hercutea 46% 45% 

Bert Steal 16% 18% Hlett-Pltnl 42% 41% 

Boemg 50% 56% Honwwofi 72% 71% 

BssCascda 58% 56% ICtnds 43% 43% 

anten 60% G9 tagorsoff <S5» 65% 

Bg Warner 29% 29% Intern Steel 22 % 23 % 

Brtst Myers 74% 73% IBM T50% 149% 

BP 34% 33% hflHarvtr n/a n/a 

Button hid 37% 37% WCO 15% 15%. 

BurTtcONte 69% 33% W Paper 57% 59% 

Burroughs 62% 63% IntTelTei 45% 44% 

OpfwSSp 53% 54% Irving Bank 53 52% 

Can Pacific 13 13% jhnsn&Jhn 61% 56% 

COterpiBW 50% 49% KaiSwAlum 22% 22* 

Cetonose 204% 201% Ken McGee 27 27% 

Central SW 31% 31% KmDTyOrK 84% 84% 

Champion 27% 27a K Mart 45% 44% 

“ - 46% 46% 

SB* 58 
23% 28% 
130% 123% 
10 % 10 % 
58% 55% 
80% 61 
74% 76% 
37 36% 

62% 62 
63% 63% 

40% 48% 
45% 4S% 

£L 154. Oipron 
1 %-I%prem 


2 %-Sptwn 

3 months 









1 %- 1 %prem 

12 -I%prem 



435-121 OrtS 





Denmark _ 

West Germany 
Swtaerland _ 





.mu 2.6310-2.6340 

0.71 40-0- 71 SO 

_ 1,3885-1.3895 








_ 1S95JS-15970 I 




__ 147.15-147.45 






Unofficial price* 
Official Turnover flgnfe* 

Price nit per me tric teww 
Mvwta pane* per Hr «•» 




Caste 370-971 

Three lUOfttU 

Vd 1*00 

Tone — <*•« 


CM ft - 

Throe Mcatt*. 

Vd _ 

Cash — 
Three Months. 
Vd . 

Tons. — 

3s 2SS 

i\a m . 


June ttttfl MU 

July «J13 W13 


Sept WJ WJ 

DU *»8 MM 

HBt J103 1105 

JBD 102.0 UU 5 

Ml 1M| MT5 

usr *014-1620 

- - .fa 13 



Cash - - 964-968 

Three Months 98T-9K 

VdI , 1 ® 

Tone - — - — -Ate 

Stefflng teds* compared srite 1 S7S *■» op m 7SJB (daft mg* 7S4-7M^ 

Rates mppflad by Bardsye B«* HOFEX and ExtsL Ueydseanfcl M wi w t te i wf 



Argentfrta HustraT 


Bahrain dinar 

Brazl cruzado * — 

BaM Rotes* 
Ueamg Banks 11 
Finance House 12% 


Diseoetit Mwkof Loans % 
Owrmgnt High- 12% Low 11 
Week fixed 10% 

Treasury Bf6s (Dacount %} 

2mnS 10'hx 2mrS 10»w 

3mnrt 1 CP .0 3mnte lO'u 

Prime Bonk BBs tDrscoum %l 

Prime Bank BBi [Drsajum "ft) 
imnrt iO«i*.io»iM 2 mmh io^k-kPu 
3mnth 10^-10% finvqh 9 ls x-9' i » 
Trade BBhi (Discount 
imnrt 11 '-. 2mmh li'xr 

3mnrt 10*39 fimnrt Itfin 

InterijMSi {%) 

Ovemtanr. open 11 % dose 16 
iwm* 11 H- 1 IK Bmrah J 0 - 9 % 
imnrt 11-10% 9mmn 9 , »ia9‘*» 

3 north UPiv-NPrg t?mtte 354-9% 

7 days 

Smith 654-6% 
Dema c twn ert r 
7 days 4«ie4H m 
3mnm 414-4% 
ftencrt Franc 
7 days 8%-n 
3 nvith 7"m-7*Hi 
Snrisa Franc 
7 days 32% 
3mnrt 4%-4 

7 days 5%-S 
Stmte 454-4% 

caO Ti-6% 

1 mnrt 

6mntte 654-6% 
can *%-3% 

1 mnrt 4«-4% 

6 mnrt 4%-4% 

can 9-B 

Imnth 7%-7K 
6 north 7%-7% 
cat 254-1% 

1 mhth 4*10-4' w 
6 mnrt 4-3% 
cal 55t-4 Jt 

1 mmn S'laA'^M 
Smntfi 4”%e- , »» 


Graeco drachma 

Hong Kong dote - 
Me rupee — __ 


Kuwait dinar KD ... 

Malaysia doter 

Mexico peso 

Now Zealand dote . 
San* Arabia rtysl _ 
Singapore dote — 
South Africa rand _ 
U AEdtetum 

. 15147-15170 
. 054854)5525 
.. .. ZJ.15-20^0 
7J71 0-7.71 10 
„ 1&2D-1&40 


“»y — 



Cash Suapwdod 

Three Montes 


Torn - ■ ■■ .... 

. 235-2290 
. 2345-2340 
. 2*00-2395 
. 8445-2440 
■ 2*90-2480 


Caste 25154520 

Three Months. 25750-2 57-75 
Voi- 3750 


Awagatatatocte price* ■( 
la u a neiAj i i re ff f k e fs ca 
Apr* W 

CBfc Gotti*. SUnppartqto 
CS; Sheep 2Kb62p per leg «st 


England aodVWtec 
catitt not upfl09%, am. 

l»ll 1875 
1875 188a 
*885-1855, * 
1840 1835 
1845 1785 

. 35*53-35510 


, 258058.6716 










— Sfady 

Cash . 

Thru Months 




Cash 4 


wpno^dOMn WS'JLav* 

.«««. ■'**‘ X * 

1MXM •••• 

2 per none 

Carte nos. down I.BVlM. 

Sheep im down 365 %» aw 

caiML . 

pnca. 8233(404(9 

8659 5650 
9300. 9330 
- WstS94 

The prices and unit trust 
quotations on this 
page refer to 
Thnrsoay’s trading. 

Local Authority Doped* W 
2 days 10 % 7 cays 10% 

imnth ifl4i 3 mnrt 10 % 

6 mnrt 9% 12 mill 9% 

Local Authority Banda (%) 
imnrt 1T%-111S Zmrrth 11X-11 

3 rrmth 11-10% 6 mnrt 10%-10% 

9 mnrt iQu-tO I2nrrt 9%-9% 

GOU5338 00^3850 
Kruqerrarid - [per coin*: 

5 33950-341.00 (S231.755385C8 
Soveretvw* (new): 
*81.7frfe.7Sf£Sfi.75-S850 ) 
-Exdudes VAT 

| GAS OR. 
Jura — 


Aug — - 







. 1482548.00 
. 135.99-34.73 
, 12950-2925 
. 1205029.00 
. 1315531.00 
13 1053200 
. 134.00-3250 



Three Mcrete— 


Tons - ■ — — 



Three Month*— 


Tone — i 

f par tonne 


May 116*0 11450 

Ally 120.00 . 

Sept MXL8S 90,15 

NCH 10355 10250 

Jar W750 1 ffiJO 

March IttWM 10869 

Volume: 1 

Wheat 37g 

Bdtev VX 

mu TreidwRah— AUd 

Aprs* m&&£^ -fm@ 

JiUBO B7556710 872.0 

OS8S 7655-7625- .78*5 
Jot 07 7735-7785 7Z$5 

AprS7 1825 

JUfST- 7465 

0087 .8575-1 

Ju«t Kan r 

: Janes 
Spot TOi 3 

Vote 213 tote 


Wlw Ctqwy 

O nr YU 
Wee Cn'se pence % PfE 

Chase Man 47% 46 

ChmSIt NY 54 K. 62% 

Starling CDafft) 

imnrt I0 , »i#-I0"i«3iwirt 10 >w- 1O'>« 
Smnrt 9 u ia-9"is l2mrt 

Fixed Rate Starling Export Finance 

38% 37% Utkin 

Carp 8% 8% 

Dote CDs I’M 

1 mnrt 6.00-0.75 3 mnrt 870-6.05 
6 mnrt 8.66-650 12 m* 6.70^.65 

Scheme iv Average reterence rate lor 
interest period March 5. 1906 to 
Apr* 1. 1986 jndustvK 11577 per 

42% 40% UJddwed 57 56% 



22 % 










Marine MU 
Mrt MaWHi 


























! Wtwtpooi 

1 Xerox Corp 
, Zamrt 

Cn Nat Gas 48 48 (Merck 165% 164 

ConsPower 13 % mlMrtsaMng 98 96 


CnWDatfl 22% 22%lMobN0a 

ComhaCa 61% 76% MansanW 61% 60% 

CPC ten 62 62% Morgan JR. 83 78% 

Crane 48% 45% Motorola 45% 42% 

Cm ZeiMr 44% 43% NCRCorp 44% 43% 

Dart&Krafl 52% 51% NUndsir* 14 14% 

Deem 33% 33% NstDictirs 43% 43 

□eta Air 42% 42% NatMedEnt 24% 24% 

Detroit Ed 18% 18% NatSmcndl 13% 12% 

DijptdEq 166 % 162 NorloUiSrt 90% 90% 

AbWrt n/a 
AIcnMum n/a 

AtaamaSa n/a 
BdlTale n/a 

Dtenoy 40% 39 I NWBancrp 38% 35% 

OowCfwm 50 % 49% OockteitRat 26% 25% 

Dresser Ind 19% 18% Ogden 

Duka Power 40% 40% OfaiCorp 

DuPont 71% 72% Owens-H 

30% 30% 
40% 39% 

74 71% 

Eastern Atr 8% 8% I PacGasEl 22% 22% 

EsnrKodak 59% 59% I Pan Am 

EatanCarp 72% 72% I Penney J-C. 68 67% 
Emerson a 88% 88% 1 Ptttnaoi 55% 54% 

Evans Prod 

• ExW • 

tiuMSwi Bh k Uxwi ooub ■ Nm mnv p 

Can Pacific n/a 
Comteico n/a 
GonBatfffist n/a 
I GuHO* n/a 
Hkr/SUCan n/a 
HdsnBMm n/a 
Imasco n/a 
bmarial 08 n/a 
InPtpg n/a 
Mass4teg n/a 
RylTrustco n/a 
Seagrem n/a 
SkwCo n/a 
ThmsnN'A' n/a 
VAkrKram n/a 
WCT n/a 

Three Month Sterling Open 

Jun 88 90.62 

Sep 86 Sl.23 

Dec 86 91.42 

Mar 87 91.46 

Previous day's total open Interest 17067 
Three Month Eurodofler 

Jun 80 9353 

Sep 86 93.42 

Dec 86 93-34 

Mar 87 93.15 

USTreeaury Bond 

JunBO 102-30 

Sep06 NTT 

LHfGtKr — .-H-. WT 

Hgh Lew Close Eat Vd 
90.68 90.46 9055 3128 

91-28 91.13 61.19 720 

9151 91.38 91.41 481 

9156 91.42 91.47 48 

Previous day's total span Merest 18574 
93.35 93.30 9354 (766 

93.42 9357 93.41 1062 

9334 93-29 9352 189 

93.15 93.10 93.12 35 

Previous day's total c 
103-08 102-17 1C 

Short Grt 

Jun 66 

Sep 86 

Dec 66 

Previous day's total open Merest 954 
102-28 102-50 103-25 103-39 334 

N/T 102-58 0 

N/T 0 

Long Git 

Jun 86 

Sep 66 

Dec 66 

Mar 87 



Sap 88 

Previous day's total Open interest 1 1043 

127- 17 129-20 127-17 lSw?l 6961 

128- 19 128-25 128-18 128-09 53 

128-10 128-10 128-10 1ZW7 5 

N/T 12603 0 

Previous day's tetai open interest 2D34 
16S50 172.40 169.10 171S5 466 

120 toe 
lie se 

M2 159 
82'j 53 
S3 31 
446 354 
98 BO 
90 ‘1 BO 
789 G3S 
187 1% 
138 lM 

143 no 
3SZ 314 
155 134 
588 420 
516 503 
204 178 
117 103 
ISO 119 
370 264 
1S2 138 

81 7S 
131 110 

144 118 

im as 

169 142 
272 237 
340 2*7 
120 US 
556 400 
IBS 145 
306 294 
IIO'l 841 
13S 109 
636 480 

145 133 
1«7 123 
102 1*3 
3*7 322 

80’1 88 
raa 92 
184 118 
154 138 
313 375 

Amw Tnm 
Am Amt See 
A iertac Assn 


763 1+5 

146 *4-1 


Ur Empire sec 

Brew in* 


Crescent Japan 
Demy me 
Do Cm 
Oreyton Cora 
rsepoo Her EM 
Drayton Japan 

Drayton Primer 

Otmooe Lon 

Eon Amer Asset 



Engtan Soot 
Engirt NY 

F 8 C PSDflc 

rS^ox Aims’ 
Rrn Un Gen 
Flan mo Amencen 
Oeramg CB>m 
Renmg Entenxise 
Remng Far Emt 

Hemsig Jmen 

Florrang MW OT HSi 

Henrnij Ovwmee . 
Hemtu Teen 
Homing Unherael 
For Cd 
or Japan 
General Aside 
General Cora 

173 -1 

ill 1 * 



61 •+'] 
785 >5 

1U • *2 

350 -2 

154 +2 

667 45 

510 .2 


113 • .. 

1*5 *1 

365 -1 



127 *-2 

144 • .. 

105 - 1 

168 *3 

2 n m .. 
3*o e+jo 

537 «*2 

178 -4 

338 • 

USB ♦1*i 


824 m*2 

142 a+i 

141 -t 

« .. 

in -1 

154 « .. 

iOh 13 . 
2 a 1ABU 

1SJ8 U Z7jD 

a is tense 

95 hi aw a ton oum 

US IB (act & Gen 19* 
202 TOMMttlM - Sfl 
. 90 IB WttMKCl 96 

111 niMclMn iso 

KO IB Hewn* M> 
90-1 TO Tedb . ill 
139 ffllMMt ■ '■ BA 
135-TMplate ' 164 

237 mpm - 29 a 

300 1te)g Seemed Cap 
1S7 1 ) tern Oceanic no 

112 team ■ m 

79 Tray see it tic 9 * 

217- IrtaSeMse 254 
50 VSnng n —a xam 51 
62 vwmoo> . .68 

3.1 A* *3 

560 4.7 331 

U SB .'. 


1U A03S6 

ii U <78 

147 niiai 
U V9U 

Wte AISU \ 


885 830 AmydSSeftwn 
474. as*. Amencen OCT— 
71 31 *«» 

49 . 21 sdStad 
159 133' M w e tame 

18 '. m amrum 
IP* 12\ do 'A' 
i« 13i- Seen 
ifiz 90 Esg TftesS 
■«7 W 6» 

93 68 Dg sa m aa 

sea 373 aS’. - 
92 77 

102 77 @000*638.11) 

15-.900 Kmoaraon Aten 
198 163 ICH 
«*ffl 32® UAI 

®» MAO •’ • ' 
Mi 28* i v rcsai How 
90 7B FVeHetathk . 
25 M DO HMM 
206 199 Son Brapam 

Sv - ‘ rtB 


w -l- 


150 *| 

rao ft. 

m . 1 

lie 23 32.4 
* .. 7U3 
«fl- A21A3 
663 S3 UL1 
983' IQ 123 

*51 . •* 


S A 38332 

A3 earn 
30 3714.1 
Xfi utu 
13 1A3DL2 
U 73113 

23 32 321 

a% utu 
123a S3 10 
■ 223 37 IU 
2M 27 Ml 
133 57 SU> 
04 03807 

400 • 

S2 ^ 

5, tV 

SH Otter Qtofl «J 

an Offer Crmg 

BM onr Chug 

M Otter enng 

m oner end 

Bid. Ote eng 

80. HMdenwmfi wq Bom* 
0346 717373 (Lnkket 
Gar 8 Rued l MO 

H*B» he EojXy 018 

worw ra se Send 1779 

American OrorWi 1553 

Aetm none 41a 

UMB 6 Earns 95 7 

C40BM Resanv &4.I 

Comm 8 Energy 872 

Ewopsan Cecum as 8 

Oenenl 1422 

Jopon 83 a 

uk Gtowftime xlo 

Da Axis n >3217 

US Emnrang Co'« 934 

ten Aggui W32 ; 

M an an i Ac c 60.1 

-0.1 3(5 
-01 *97 
+OB sr o 
■'0.1 515 
-rUI 232 

■*0.7 124 
.. 137 

-02 246 
♦02 184 
♦11 280 
*1jO .. 
♦04 135 

♦aa tj» 

♦0.1 tt48 

Med Putter Cenm tertSon SMt IEL 
0783 610869 5 0703 21291 
find Tn« 2302 2 <328 +0 

Gkowtn A wtnn 

Mgn memne Tit 
Eeuty kioome 
hhgfi Yte 

Qo*i Secs Trust 

dram Pwd 
PecNc Trial 
Amer aw ®a 
Seee Of ms TSt 
Att Asset VMM 
GR Gnmei 
Sower Co'S 
2nd Sowar Cora 
Hooo*e«y Tim 
M sWilCedy 
CTeena Gvrlnga 
ToctmoKwy rjT 

2302 Z<S2a +08 212 
1334 147441 *0.7 208 
^7 2542* +15 257 
3730 397.8 *22 225 

S6*.1 500.7 *&6 292 

309 329 .. 4.10 

253 4 26BM +04 452 
1334 1474 412 467 

146.4 155.9 c *05 522 
305 3l M -0.1 9.06 

758 30.7 *02 1.10 

855 921 *0.7 001 

144.3 1S3.7 +02 1 18 

Snarer Cos 
UK Onmi 
Enra me 

Me A Qrowffi 
eat r*gn Me 
Mai Snores 
Awncml Sea 
Goid A Gen 
W ten 
Prop SnwM 


Anwr OrewA 
Amer Income 
Amer Smalar Co's 
am Grown 
Eur SnuSu 
For East 
Mono Kong Prl 
M Onmm 
J»PW Peri 
Japan Sroator 

Exampl MUM 

1034 I1S8S *02 35b 
1336 M72# -31 122 

40.0 417 *04 1.88 

612 S51 +01 326 

283 29 8 -0.1 7 15 

3049 218.SC *03 4(77 
1994 212.7* -02 423 
I M 206# .. 9 25 

1252 134 3 -03 228 

452 432 *0.1 Z 18 

178 192 -04 324 

162 172 *3 1 028 

60.1 5«l# -31 1 15 

392 42,1 *03 in 

*2.1 449 ~02 024 

973 1038# *01 324 
53S 62.4# *0.1 5.38 
24 7 983 -A* 053 

72.8 77 4# *1.1 128 

>42 151 *01 0.ZJ 

386 *22 +07 105 

£36 252 *02 2« 

342 362c *02 1.61 

55.8 593 *13 .. 

132 14.1 .. .. 

84 9 839 *0.7 324 

043 87.7 ..4 14 

41 130 
*3* 1.88 
*01 886 
-0.1 7 15 


Krtl tnoams TTM 

0* A finea M 
Ts« Of few Ties# 
Sowed Sib Trust 
ran Amer Thin 
Fir Eeswn Trust 

752 802# +0.7 117 
752 334 *04 4JI3 

553 536 
6*2 892 
732 802 
573 014 
873 711 

.. 70S 
*02 12s 
+1.4 232 
*0.1 143 ! 
+1.t 377 

Q* * fiMKf W 1254 1334 *36 377 

Orowrt ter 212.6 2232 *16 235 

GiienWI 330.9 311.8 *32 185 

N Amenan 1393 i*32e -04 lot 

fiaetfc „ 1839 1935C *3.1 030 

fteasty Snare 2402 2534 -03 128 

SsbMt ComoenM 207.4 220.7c -35 10 

European Ttuet 217.7 2313 *SJ OJB 


SL Gearge Hso Ox p cre Uu n SL COwnay CV 1 

DO AOCnm 232.9 2172 
B tort ftrids (teMii 170.1 1912 
Do Aram 250.7 2631 


0203 553237 

UK Grown Arasa 1484 1534# *ljr 331 
Do Income 130.1 1334a +1.o 331 


RO^eoi 4*1 32 a Mayra-wi um» eop 

SO. cm* St Louden EC2A844X 
01-92D 0311 

ter Dku 1222 1300 

bo Aoaari 1702 un.i 

m Tru# 

Do Arasn 

tehor tre Aoasa 3*14 257.0# +14 442 
Do Mcoms 164.4 2064# +14 4.G2 

Do Mcoms .. _ __ 

GMs/Fned Acorn iM 4 1094 -02 269 

Do Mcoms 884 932 -32 243 

N*1 Amur T$t Accun 137.7 1404# +1.0 032 
Far EM Tw Aram 1212 1330# -0.1 042 
Ewo T# Aram 1410 isi.8# 402 040 
General Tnrn 2316 2*74# +14 171 

194.4 2064# +14 4.62 
IBM 1094 -02 268 , 

(71-023 9336 
Wgn Incoreo 
N Am# Tnm 
0# Trust 
St wear* m 
5i VMcera us Gm 

Mali Means Ott ' 
Do Accun 

55.7 5B7 
50 8 614 

+1.4 IAS 
+14 1j* 5 
-3.1 *24 
-ai 424 

HtmutyjowsTONEumr trust 


103. Hope Sue#. (Ussgow G2 2UH 
0*1 22VSZSZ 

American ill 4 m3 *32 341 

Bscpaan 223.1 mi *04 073 

smatebo* 2038 2224 *32 146 

Sriact bde mra cstti 
Smt># OFt Me 
W gfW. 
un jii US Qnmn 
+o 3 0/3 UnvaratteMti 

716 774b *04 148 
1634. 4604# *37 403 
905 1032 *3A 143. 

WJ 2014 +14 2.13 l 

MW.4 tepn 114 174# 
P»Sc Be 134 CXB 

18 774# *32 141 
1* S70C *37 14A 

Pecrnc He . 

Do n w ia rat 
Pro* S»a# Fd 
UK Craw 

TenpleHarS'nCa's 1824 1713 

50 532c *32 B 32 
1142 1214# -31 360 
1844 1964c *02 253 
420 434 .320 

611 *5.7 *04 5.48 

T6.0 79-2 +04 373 

Do Accun 
US Grown 
Do Aram 

934 982# +14 441 
10*4 110.7# +14 4.41 
6*7 532# 434-1.13 
664 584# *34 1.13 

national ptKMearrtm/tsnmtr 

4& Gtaoxtedi SL EC3P 3HH 
01-023 4203 Est 280 . . 

Tamp# B# USM 3538 3784 +1031 138 

IMsS Parte. Era# EXS 10S 
0382 52155 

Gananl Tint 44.1 472 +34 340 

Mem# True! 332 384# *03 560 

Mwnwbon# Tn* 304 324 *31 140 

NR UK __ 
Do Accun 
WT Overran* 
Do Aram 
Far E«jt Aco 
Do OW 
Amariesn Acs 
Qo Dm 

207 3 2230 
331 7 3519 
6374 5722# 
8631 6830# 
054 70.1 
504 626 
534 622 


i. Uuwtoe fieunsy Hfl. London seen OBA 

01-623 4680 


317. Mnymom »W. Haywaroa Haem 
0*4* 4501*4 

Grown Accun 
Do Mean# 
Htffi income 

05 0 592# -02 118 

T# JB6.7 2231 +1.1 071 

a 231 3 2*64 +38 305 

384 405# -35 178 

1144 1 212 +0.1 108 

»# 1S23 1812# +31 2A7 

( 009 862# -04 117 

rtty 810 882 ..124 

I* 1914 204 4 +14 2* 

Man Pamela Me 
DO A« 

1235 1327# -1 0 112 i 
196.1 211 0# -3* . . 

I2SB 135.1# -14 1.78 | 
650 899# -02 073 
755 612# -37 574 | 
645 094 +05 *76 

American Fund 
Capital Fund 
(noma am 
F ar Eastern Fund 
CAenass Menas 
Fixed bdernt 
nature/ Rs« Find 
European Mcoma 

755 004 *04 325 

1064 1124# *34 342 
015 972# *39 *50 
B54 70.0 -31 048 

054 712 
617 04.1 
430 464 
004 73-1 

-31 048 

-04 aw 

-04 9.00 
-32 4.13 
♦10 347 

gem# LIT Aon# & Raytttfi IM. awifwood 

0277 717010 

Hanttroe SmOr Coe 1224 1334 *04 149 

HrapsNAlll# 052 715 *35 381 
Hwitea jap 6 F E 97.7 1034c + 1.1 3*3 
HMTttna Scsndwi 7S5 60.1 * 1.4 396 
Hsmaros tewn ns 834# -31 033 
Namaros Qbuhhsi 43* S 15 +02 155 


Tima Dim To M r Ml EC3R ABO 

01026 45BB 


fio c D vety 


1039 117.1 
611 6S.7 
674 724 
369 414 


1». WeM Gmnja 9L Glasgow GZ ZPA 

rismwo* B#dty Me 835 684 
tenlsae Hon Me 574 earn 

44 ; 515 *02 155 

05 04 +05 444 

574 «0# +03 178 

560 017 *34 sea 

1417 15*5c +16 360 

MWWiACiDdly 819 882 ..224 

CTrara Eandnge 1914 20*4 +14 25 b 

Technology T« 908 937# *0.1 643 

Bsxxne Exempt 128 * 1361 *32 522 

ErarpSmaaerCo * 217.7 2330# *34 177 
USA Eavivt Trust 3139 3438# -31 147 
131. FbBauy PnwiMnL London ECM Iff 
01028 9876 01,260 85*0/1/2/3 
Capdsl Grown me 59 1 632 *37 147 

_ Do Acam 660 705 *36 1«7 

EWwn 6.M8 1137 121.M +14 385 

Do s% W tour ew # 6 O .9 es.i# *39 a as 
Rmncaa Prowny 83i 5*2 *31 243 

GM A Fhaq Mean# 514 S*5 -31749 

_ On Aram 054 892 -05 749 

Earny incase 75-7 bus *0.* 44* 

Do Accun 1754 107* *04 *54 


Trie e»<* Esdusrgb LOnaun 6C2P l/T 

31-568 2668 

0*1-332 3132 
BAUncsd Gn Me 
Do Acam 

Moms am me 

Do Accun 
Service co s Me 
Do Arasn 

4084 435.7# 
4157 4412# 
434 *3L0 
41.4 44JJ 
43.1 454 
434 432 


Prarnm UT AamaWnUee 3 Rd. Noam 

Branhaod Ess* 
Spscal Sfts Me 
On AcCun 

Amor A Gen Me 
□o Acam 
Am# Reanmy 
Do Acam 
Am Smb# Cm 
Do Accun 
Auet C Qwi Me 
DO A<am 
asm 0 Gen a# 1554 1864 
(Xj AccuW 2025 21 ft* 

Cunpound Grown 4037 ow 
Conversion ten 322.1 3444 
_ tfa Ine 101.0 1914 

\arta 2*21 

2533 273B 
2*74 265.1 
268 5 2873 
■610 867 
631 664 
704 822 
183.7 89.6 
1554 1069 
2013 21ft6 

*35 123 
+0.6 122 
+12 3TB 
+14 379 
*04 310 
♦05 310 
*34 1.0* 
*08 1.04 
*04 3.17 
+12 8.17 
-04 247 
-04 244 
-37 *** 
-14 ... 


PO Bam. 4. M orsecA MH1 3NO 

0086 mb# 

Group Tram E1S4* 12 

marnet i3i4 12 

EH4* 1247# *0.12 330 
1314 1293# -36 17* 

Goner# re (41 214 .1 2242 -iq 335 

Op Accra m 33733533 -ai ass 

Mean* Fund HI 1042 1064c .. 538 

Do Aram (St 1709 iBftfl . , 529 

8# NIC 12} 1174 1292 .. 171 

_ Do Accra 12) 1559 IEZ4 .. 171 

Steer nct5> E1D7I 1120 .. 248 

Do Accra IS C1131 1241 .. 2 J 0 

rn nsD rvnruinmii 

I2S. Hwn HOBMrn. Lcndan WC1V 6PT 


CS Japan fixto 893 73.7 *03 029 

tew RM# Toundgei Twg 107 
0732 902822 

Recovery Trust 
CwtN&wm t 
Do Accra 

h«i Y## means 7*2 793*1 - 0.1 7.70 

6e Accra 1821 205.*# -03 7.70 

rd Accun 712 76 1 -34 243 

0e 5% WPidraA 67 7 724 -0 4 243 

Mensgsdfirtd SftO 61 1 *06 . 

prertrance inome 274 294# . . 1383 

IM Accra B85 94.7# *0.11063 

Sm## Co s Accra 13*4 14*2 -32 138 

Wfx# Pmey Snare 66 102 .. 1.1B 

Ptonfoto Tin UK 78.1 018 *07 147 

POriWa T# Jmm 8Z.1 BSD +14 010 

Pori Into T# US 721 74 7 -04 1 88 

Penfoko T# Euops 9SO 1025 -OS 0 10 

Rxitoio 7# HR 360 323 *3.1 0.10 


1 QJrnmc Way. WenttMy. HAS ONB 
0100? 5878 

Am# Emit Mama 315 3*4 
Amer Spedal sea 510 55.7 
F# East Me 29.7 31 7 

Gm 8 Fcrod m 31 4 316 
Grown 6 merae 1014 1007 
J#wn Spaa# Sr# 3Z4 3*4 
Japan Tru# 100 1 1064 

MsmweiJ (nr Tst m3 I365i 
Max means Eouty 715 765 
texteanwan 341 370 

Souh East As# T# 260 27 7 
Soeoel Sns 1520 1033 

1000 1874 +34 053 

315 3*4 ..472 
SZJO 55.7 -02 045 

29.7 317 +31 433 

314 316# . 377 

1014 1097 +12 422 

3Z4 3*4 .. .. 

WO I 1064 .. .. 
120-3 1305# +03 023 
715 765 -02 5.1S 

34.7 370 +01 228 1 

1314 1438# +84 399 I 
1054 T9SJ# Alt 032 | 

937 1054 +24 

564 013# +07 iu* I 
674 723# *08 148 
1123 1984# *34 844 
1*30 154.1 

tee Aeeoti 1113 1284# 

FMsndW Trust 1*44 194.1 

Incomes Grown nc 1434 157.4 
On Aram 2612 an* 
H#n axxsne Tin# 17*4 191 4 
Ewra Mean* 1594 1714# 
a™*# Cos ON 1030 1033 
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Cm im mix sui 

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J#ra Grown 407 532 + 

Eunttsmaown 602044 + 

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AI A 4*3 +02 310 

624 839 +04 5.40 

403 533# *33 7.78 
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379.9 3610 -1.1 399 

165.4 1753# *28 0*3 
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1329 1413 
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General Me 1879 1889 -19 391 

teaman 3tt0 zft.9 -14 3 01 

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..Oa Accra 1882 1051 -01 821 

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te Accra 1385 3095 +06 Q» 

47 -8 *00 *0+094 

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23 - 


Crumbs of comfort 
for Imperial losers 

The denouement of the long 
drawn out battle for Imperial 
Group, which gives victory to 
Hanson Trust, has interesting 
implications for the share OUpOFt 
price performance of both 

grand plan has failed, bid 
speculation may well re- 

United Biscuits shares 
closed 3p up on the day at 
267p and Hanson's also rose, 
4p to 184p„ 

Had the result been the 
other way both share prices 
could have been expected to 
fail - Hanson's because it 
was discounting victory and 
anticipating quick financial 
rewards to be won from 
Imperial. United Biscuits' be- 
cause a smaller company 
would have been taking over 
a larger one, allowing a small 
degree of initial dilution. 

Hanson Trust's shares, al- 
though they have risen in the 
Iasi few weeks, have been 
through a prolonged period of 
u nderperformance. 

At 1 84p they are trading on 
a historic p/e ratio of 1 3 and a 
prospective p/e of 11 fully 
'diluted, assuming pretax 
profits this year of £330 

The rating is not demand- 
ing for a company with 
Hanson's record and 
yesterday's share movement 
can be expected to accelerate. 
Hanson has always had a 
reputation for extracting 
quick benefits from its 

With the Americans al- 
ready renting Hanson on 
optimism after the SCM pur- 
chase — which is generally 
seen as a good buy — the 
addition of Imps will take the 
process further. 

Whatever the questions 
raised during this bid about 
organic growth and the tread- 
mill of growth by larger and 
larger acquisitions, Hanson's 
future looks secure for at least 
the next three years. 

United Biscuiis at least has 
the consolation prize-of mak- 
ing a handsome £49 million 
profit on its 14.9 per cent 
stake in Imperial, more than 
enough to pay the costs of the 
battle, which should come to 
under £20 million. 

Imperial shares closed up 
I9p at 363p last nighL 

Now that United Biscuits’ 

Duport was one of several 
engineering stocks in demand 
on the stock market yester- 
day. Its recovery from the 
recession had been widely 
appreciated but it announced 
that Midland Bank had con- 
verted its holding of prefer- 
ence shares, taken up five 
years ago in exchange for 
debt. into ordinary shares. 

About 10 million shares, 
representing 18 per cent of 
the enlarged capital, were 
placed at 95p. In the market 
the share price rose 2p to 

Duport also announced in- 
creased profits of £5.3 million 
before tax for the year to 
January 31. against £2.44 
million last year. Of the £2.9 
million increase loss elimina- 
tion accounted for £1.6 

The rest of the improve- 
ment reflects the good perfor- 
mance of the two plastics 
businesses. Swish curtain 
rails and Bridgiown foam 
mouldings. Vi-Spring. the 
bed company, also did well 
but there was a downturn in 
the castings and forging com- 

In addition there was good 
progress on the borrowings 
front, with gearing now below 
14.5 per cent. 

The shares were also sup- 
ported by bid talk, which was 
rife in the sector, after F H 
Tomkins's bid on Thursday 
for Pegler-Hattersley. The ru- 
mour was that Williams 
Holdings, which failed in its 
bid to buy McKechnie Broth- 
ers, was now interested in 
Duport whose plastics inter- 
ests would undoubtedly be 


There were also question 
marks over the interest of J 
Saviiie Gordon, another Mid- 
lands company, which opted 
to maintain its shareholding 
in Duport at 6 per cent by 
taking up shares in the plac- 
ing. kail points to continuing 
activity in the sector. 

United Scientific 

Even in bull markets the rise 
in share prices is not indis- 
criminate. Not all stocks have 
been enjoying the boom. 

United Scientific Holdings 
has been a dull performer — 
the share price stands at I45p 
compared with this year's 
high of 190p. 

The long-awaited recovery 
in USH profits is unlikely to 
materialize in this financial 
year. The company's strategy 
Is to build up long-term 
relationships with foreign 
governments, with increasing 
emphasis on non oil-produc- 
ing countries. The acquisition 
of Sopelem in France exem- 
plifies this approach. The 
strategy is still very much in 

To illustrate the difficult 
conditions under which the 
company labours it is not 
necessary to look any further 
than the si ill-to-be-signed In- 
donesian agreement. Poten- 
tially. this is a contract for 
about £250 million worth of 
armoured fighting vehicles 
for USH's AJvis subsidiary. A 
feature of the contract is that 
basic steel fabrication would 
take place in Indonesia while 
the high technology compo- 
nents would be shipped from 

A joint venture contract 
like this works to the 
advantage of the purchasing 
government, by increasing 
employment opportunities 
for the local population, and 
to that of the equipment 
manufacturer, in cementing 
relationships with the pur- 
chaser. Unfortunately, many 
prospective purchasers of 
arms are the oil-producing 
nations which are feeling the 
pinch from the oil price 
slump. The requirement for 
these arms has not gone 
away, but contracts are being 

Perhaps more serious is 
USH's difficulties with its 
American subsidiary. Lack of 
orders is not the problem. But 
the market has become ex- 
tremely price competitive, 
and stemming losses which 
could cause the interim re- 
sults to drop to near £3 
million compared with £5.3 
million last year is a priority. 
The company is tackling this. 
Meanwhile, analysts have 
downgraded their expecta- 
tions Tor the year to Septem- 
ber. 1986. Keith Hodgkinson, 
of L.MesseL the broker, is 
anticipating pretax profits for 
the year of £9 million, com- 
pared with £10.1 million. 



The long hard fought battle 
between Hanson Trust and 
United Biscuits to gain control 
of Imps reached its climax 
when the Imps share price 
dosed 16p higher at 356 as 
Hanson looked a likely 

Elsewhere cheaper money 
hopes and the current spate of 
mergers continued to keep 
share prices bubbling with the 
FT30 share index gaining 10.4 
points to 141 1.9 and the FT- 
SE 100 share index up 3.S at 
1694.1 to end an eventful two 
week account. 

Leading shares were largely 
neglected at the expense of 
many good features among 
second rate issues, stock short- 
age a factor behind many of 
the bigger rises which exceed- 
ed 30p m some cases. 

Engineers remained excited 
by recent good results from 
the sector and the prospect of 


DUCTS: Total dividend for 
1985 2p i0.5p).Tumover£19.8l 
million (£15.56 million). Pretax 
profit £760,000 (£338.000). 

Earnings per share 9.7p (4.6p). 

sults for 1985. Dividend 2.25p 
(1.6). making 3.5p(2.3l for year. 
Figures in fmilhons. Turnover 
99.62 (63.35). Pretax profit 7.87 

Results for 1985. Final dividend 
I4.5p (12). making 22p (18.5). 
Figures in £000. Group pretax 
profit 22.037(17.549). 

GROUP: Final dividend 0.5p 
for 1985. Adjusted figures in 
£000. Pretax profit 904 (385). 
Earnings per share 7.4p (5.5). 

• DARES ESTATES: No divi- 
dend for 1985. Figures in £000. 
Turnover 6.674 (20,221 includ- 
ing Dares Garages sold in 
December). Pretax profit 12 
(loss 1.816). 

• KALON GROUP: Special in- 
terim dividend in lieu of final 
0.8p for 1985. Figures in £000. 
Pretax profit 2.794 (2,899). 
Earnings per share 1.4p (1.3). 

sults for six months to Decem- 
ber 31. Figures in £000. No 
interim dividend (2.25p). Pretax 
loss 187 (profit 449). Loss per 
share before extraordinary items 
3.05p (earnings 4.64p). The 
board said that a decision on 
dividend should be deferred 
until results for the full year 
could be predicted more 

GROUP: Final dividend 0.87p. 
making 1.7p for 1985 (1.5). 
Figures in £000. Profit beiore 
tax 5. 1 83 (2.87 1 k Company said 
that the results would have been 
even better, but there were 
significant losses in one British 

continued merger speculation. 

Builders recorded many 
good features on the cheaper 
money trend. 

Gilts rose another half a 
point on hopes that base rates 
would fall again after next 
Tuesday's OPEC meeting. 

The Bank of England an- 
nounced £400 million worth 
of new -taplets" after the 
official dose. 

Electricals were excited by 
rumours of a bid for STC from 
either Siemens or BTR. STC 
closed 40p higher at !5Sp. 

British Telecom was also 
among the rumoured creditors 
but the company later denied 
the talk. But BT shares lost 
JOp to 258p upset b> fears of 
increased competition when 
the Mercury system begins 
next month. 

Plessey af 226p and Raca! 
204p improved around §p 

more hut GEC was unchanged 
at i 9$p. 

Engineering issues to score 
sharp rises included Erered at 
324p up 24p on Thursday’s 
bumper results. Pegler 
Hartersley at 575p and F H 
Tomkins 5 1 9p added lip and 
6p on the bid situation. 

Takeover rumours stimu- 
lated Stothert & Pitt 22p 
higher at 23Sp. Metal Clo- 
sures 159p up )3p and TI 
Group lop to the good at 
57 lp. 

Recent good results 
prompted a !2p rise in 
Glynwed at 354p and Simon 
Engineering up I Op to 25Sp 
but Cook, son lost another 12p 
to 508p on further consider- 
ation of Thursday's figures. 

In builders. British Dredg- 
ing lacked support at S4p 
down op and RMC with 
figures due soon gave up 6p to 


;; t'-COMPANY :NE 

company and in America. The 
effects of the miners' strike were 
also felt in the light engineering 
division for most of the year. 

ERTIES: Results for 1985. 
Dividend I2.1p (111. Figures in 
fs Net revenue before tax 
399.056 (342.460). Corporation 
tax 157.177(151.977). Earnings 
per share 49.9Sp (39.35). The 
value of properties is £12.7 
million (£9.7 million). 

MENT TRUST: Results for 
year to January 31. rmal divi- 
dend 0.9p plus Ip special divi- 
dend. making 2.50p (3.75). 
Figures in £000. Total revenue 
3.453 (4.707), net revenue be- 
fore tax 2.276 (3.806). Earnings 
per share 2.61 p (4.47). 

MINING: Results for quarter to 
March 31. Figures in randOOO. 
Profit before tax 2i)33 (3.067 
quarter ended December 31). 


ING: Quarter to March 31. 
Figures in randOOO. Profit 
24.050 (2.7492 quarter to 

December 3 1 ). 

MINING: Quarter to March 31. 
Figures in randOOO. Profit be- 
fore tax and state's share of 
profit 22.160 (28.916 quarter to 
December 31). 

MINING: Quarter to March 31. 
Figures in randOOO. Profit be- 
fore tax 3.236 (9.775 quarter to 
December 3 1 ). 

ING: Quarter to March 31. 
Figures in randOOO. Profit be- 
fore tax and state's share of 
profit 30.604 (34.756 quarter to 
December 31). 

sults for half year to January 31. 
No dividend <0.55p). Figures in 
£000. Pretax loss 647 i profit 

225 1 . Loss per share 7.97p 
(earnings 2.65pi. 

(C E HEATH: Company has 
acquired 20 per cent of Can-a- 
C’are Employee Benefit Consul- 
tants. There has been a close 
working relationship between 
the companies since 1981. 
Heath says that acquisition 
gives it the opportunity to 
supplement existing income 
from Canada with additional 
qualiiv e3mincs. 

Provision for payments totalling 
almost £&00.000 for former 
directors of J and H B Jackson is 
shown in the annual report. The 
figure covers a £20 j. 000 pro- 
vision for payments to the 
former chairman of Jackson. Mr 
Philip White, who acts as a 
consultant to the company, and 
for I oss-o C-office compensation 
for “four or five other 
directors." a spokesman said 

Directors are in discussions with 
Hanley Meats Group and 
Castlebar Bacon with a view to 
establishing a commercial 

(HOLDINGS): The chairman. 
Mr E Bietinski. tells sharehold- 
ers in the annual report that the 
group began 1986 with a good 
order book and that prospects in 
all divisions are encouraging. 

pany has issued circular about 
lhe acquisition of Western De- 
sign Corporation and Pneu De- 
vices. The total initial 
consideration is Si 2.8 million 
(£8.7 million), which has been 
paid in cash. Additional 
amounts may become payable 
during the next five years, 
depending on profits of the 
companies acquired. Group 
profits in local currency terms 

Higgs and Hill at 59 Ip 
reporting next Thursday ad- 
vanced 23p to 59 Ip while J 
Moslem jumped 14p to 426p 
on last Thursday's statement. 

SGB Group slipped another 
lOp to 33Sp on fading take- 
over hopes. 

Portals at S45p up 35p and 
William Baird 650p up 25p 
were others to benefit from 
recent good figures. 

In food retailers ASDA- 
MFI climbed 8p to I54p after 
a favourable meeting of 

Unigate attracted renewed 
bid speculation at 2Slp up 


Unilever also did well at 
1640p up 60p while Alpine 
Soft Drinks hardened 2_5p to 
24.5p after press comments. 

Stores receded after- 
Thursday's rally with Burton 
at 3 1 2p. Storehouse 316p and 
Boots 267p between 6p and 
I2p lower. 


are showing a satisfactory in- 
crease over last year but. be- 
cause of the further 
strengthening of the pound on 
translation of results of overseas 
subsidiaries, pretax profits in 
sterling terms are running 
broadlv in line with those for the 
vear to April 30. 1985. 

Final dividend 2p. making 3p 
mil) for 19S5. Pretax profit 
£16.38-1 (loss £458864). Earn- 
ings per share 10. lp (loss 20.9). 
Exceptional costs related to 
redundancy payments. After-tax 
profit for’ year represented a 
significant improvement on re- 
cent years. But difficulties 
caused a loss in the foundry- 
division in the second half, and 
a consequent shortfall againt 
expectations for the group. 

Shopacheck Financial Services, 
the company's financial services 
division, has acquired (he 
Provincial Lending Co for 
£141.441 cash. 

for-tw-o stock split in Lhe form of 
z 50 per cent stock dividend. 
The quarterly cash dividend is 
increased by IS per cent from 
70c to 82.5c on the shares 
outstanding before the stock 
dividend distribution, 
for Broadlands. through its 
wholly-owned subsidiary. NZI 
Finance- Australia, has closed. 
NZI Finance received accep- 
tances for 85.83 per cent of the 
shares subject to the offer and. 
with market purchases, is en- 
titled to 97.2S per cent of shares 
subject to the offer. NZI Finance 
will compulsorily acquire 
outstanding Broadlands shares. 
© TRIPLE VEST: Results for 
year to February 28. Final 
dividend 5.375p. making 

Duport put on 1.5p to i06p 
on the debenture issue and 
profits forecast. 

Doubled earnings lifted 
Rea brook 6p to 80p while 
Ellis & Everard jumped 1 7p to 
229p on talk of a substantial 

Standard Fireworks fell Sp 
to 1 37p on the agreed merger 
with M V Dart. 

Good Relations returned 
from suspension at 140p. 
dow-n 36p after the aborted 
merger talks with Valin Pollen 
I &p lower at 205p. 

Newcomer Lee Internation- 
al made an unexpectedly 
bright debut at I87p a premi- 
um" of 7p. Many dealers had 
expected a lOp to 15p dis- 
count after adverse comments 
in the press. 

In thin trading. Barton 
Transport at 240p." Courtney 
Pope 37 1 p and WPP Holdings 
535p claimed 25p to 50p on 
bid and growth prospects. 

1 1 -066p (9.352). Net revenue 
before tax £3.924,945 

dividend 11.71 5p 1 1 0.5). mak- 
ing 19.41 5p (17.5p) for year. 
Figures in £000. Profii before 
tax 14.551 (11.857). Earnings 
per ordinary share before ex- 
traordinarv items 56.8p(47.5). 
SERVICES: Dividend Ip. 
making 2p (I) for 1985. Fig- 
ures in £000. Pretax profit 91 1 
(353). Earnings per share 7. lp 

Figures in £000. Profit before 
tax for half year to December 
31.2.008 (1.7S1). Earnings per 
share !.96p (1.67). 
©RUBEROID: Final divi- 
dend 6.4p. making S.6p for 
1985 (7.8). Figures in £000. 
Profii before tax 7.072(6.596). 
Earnings per share 28.92p 

Dividend l.4p. Figures in 
£000. Pretax profit for I9S5, 
440 (257). Earnings per share 
5.4p (3. lp). Company has 
reached conditional agree- 
ment to acquire for about 
£1.65 million the capital of 
Money Marketing (Design). 

© RAYBECK: No final divi- 
dend (Q.5p for year). Figures 
in £000. Profit before tax 57 
(1.165 loss). 

Final dividend S.5p. making 
I15p for 1985 (12.5). Figures 
in £000. PreLax profii 2.767 
13.353). Earnings per share 
25.S8p (36.41). 





There's one word that's common to most of Europe at the 

,i-J> European markets rising 39%* on average 

last vear there's no mistaking tbe potential. 

' And now. Save &. Prosper lone of Britain s largest unit 
mist groups, believe the time is right to bring you a new 
interpretation of the European theme. 

Europe. With a higher safety' factor. 

Here's why. 


All the signs in Europe are adding up to excellent long- 

lcm siodc markets that arc now artracring 

more and more investors both domestic and foreign 
Td. despite last year's gains, are still cheap compared 
with other major markets. 

•Improving economies with inflation and interest rates 
under control. 

•Increasing productivity. , 

•And company profits on their way up - and now helped 

bv lower oil prices. 

There's ever.' chance of excellent returns. 

But these stock markets are relatively small. lEven Ger- 
rnanv. tbe largest economy in Europe, has a stock market o . 

one third the size of Britain. ) And small markets can be volatile 
-which is why our experts are now recommending a new invest- 
ment mix. 


Our new fund will invest primarily in the major markets of 
Continental Europe in high-yielding equities (mainly of larger 
companies), bonds and convertibles. 

A mix that is different from most other European funds. 
Because it stffl aims for high growth. But also includes the high- 
yielding equities and fixed interest content for income-and, as 
importantly, for a degree of safety which we believe is sensible 
in these smaller markets. 

And we ought to know. As the first unit trust group to 
launch a European fund 22 years ago, we've had plenty of 

experience in getting lhe best out of Europe. 


.BELLE . . BIEN . ■ WUNDERBAR . . . ) 

You can invest in the new European Income & Growth 
Fund from £250 or from £20 a month - and until 2nd May we'll 
be holding the price of units to 50p. 

Just complete the coupon or talk to your professional- 

adviser. • . 

You should remember that the price or units and income 
from them can go down as well as up. 

But we believe with this new European investment mix, 
the signs are all good. In anyone's language. 

To. Saie&: Pro*per Sccunsm Lid. FREEPOST. Rnoifr-rd PM I 1 BR. 
Telephone : Free Monevline 0M» Mi 101 Preste! I 

First Mamets I 

Surrumr i Mr.’MreTMisSi 



EAtsrlirg Account No lifanvl 

I Wish lo invest 



i mini mum £250 initial!}. £100 sib- 

seqtientli > in Sate & Prosper Europe™ Incntne i Growth Fund at the Fixed offer price nf 
5 Op p» unit (nr applications received hv 2nd M« IWe. and subsequently ai the offer price 
per unit prevailing on lhe da> of receipt <rf my application. 

I endow a cheque made pavahle » Save A Prosper Secarcuta Limited I am over 18. 

! wruld (ike dinriiiunoiuof income rc he rehntsied in if* purchase of further units*, 
•ddaeil .iw<-oh mow le psd direfl w mu. 

Ol Please send me details of saving from £20 a month. B 


0HJ£C'<i/c lo rows i orach: d tugWi-wettfg securities irMS£3 m Cunanwiit Europe. 

PH1CES AND YIELD Uriil 2ns .‘.tty 1S*& 0* ona unk d ui« will » h* w ai 50c- and ms sSimcej groii 
sanu^ ^tics ad ire vwAU will t® owtttfl Bih >n leaO'N) uunv nypis 

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o< out rece-wig rmtsnra? wnlttae 
HET INCOME DISTRIBUTIONS 1ST. Mmn and iSt. Semsrw men yer 

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i ;..v 

sorry story for savers 


The 300,000 policyholders of 
United _ Kingdom Provident 
Institution received a . nasty 
Shock when they . woke up on 
Monday to find their compa- 
ny was in difficulties. 

The £1,700 million . Salis- 
bury-based mutual company, 
now being rescued by Friends’ 
Provident, is in . trouble over 
the valuation of some of its 
investments, most notably 
around £50 million of unquot- 
ed shares and ofl exploration 
stocks in the United States.' 

The immediate result will 
. be a suspension of: bonus 
payments on the with-profit 
life and pensions contracts, 
with no bonus, being paid in 
1986 agd deferment until the 
end of 1987. 

This effectively makes rt~ 
impossible for the company to 
carry on. as no investment 
adviser will place any new ' 
business with it — hence the 
merger with Friends* 

But what of existing policy- 
holders? Given that these are 
all savings, type contracts, 
what should they tlo? 

Much will depend on how 
long- policyholders have been ' 
paying premiums and how 
near to maturity the contracts 
are.' But one thing is dear — it 
win pay to wait . at least 
another week before making a 
decision as . announcements 
are expected from Friends’ 
Provident about the future of 
the UKPI contracts, some of 
which are expected to be' 
discontinued anyway.^ 

Two points to bear in mmd 
on the witb-profit endowment - 
policies are that king standing 
policyholders will be receiving 
Life Assurance Premium Re- 
lief (LAPR) on these contracts 
and the value of this, may 
compensate for the reduction 
or loss of bonuses on die 
UKPI contracts. 

Secondly, for policyholders 
in their fifties who have had 
the -UKPI contracts for some 
time, the cost of replacing the 
life cover at this age 
substantial — and in some 
cases impossible if the ~ 
policyholder's health has dete- 
riorated over the period. 

However, the situation fin 1 
more recent policy holders of 
both life and pensions con- 
tracts is not so clear. 

It may well pay to make the 
policies “paid up** and start 
again with a new company. 

This, means that no new 
money is invested in the 
UKPI- contracts but policy- 
holders will derive the benefits 
of the bonuses already attrib- 
uted to the policies — and 
these cannot be taken away. 

It- is also worth bearing in 
mind that Friends* Provident 
may well, make the UKPI life 
funds closed funds, which 
means they will take on no 
new busrness. With the over- 
heads of staff and marketing 
costs gone. -these closed funds 
could perform very well for 

“Fortunately we didn’t have 
leo many policyholders in 
UKPL” says investment ad- 
viser Stephen Lansdown -of 
BriSitoI-based Hargreaves 
Landsown. ‘ 

- “Depending on what 
emerges in tile next week or so 
we are going to have to decide 
what to advise our clients. 

“The life funds are going to 
have the problem of s hrinkag e 
for some time to come, and I 
: think- fdr those policyholders 
who have taken out UKPI 

His clients mostly bought 
policies many years ago and 
will therefore incur substantial 
costs in obtaining new life 
cover. - 

“But we have decided not to 
put any new business into the 
UKPI contracts, ”he says. 

He believes that more re- 
cent policyholders should 
probably make the policies 
paid up, but cautions against a 
hasty decision, recommend- 
ing policyholders to wait and 
see what emerges from the 
merger with Friends’ 

Friends* Provident has con- 
firmed that it will initially 
keep the UKPI life funds 
separate from its own but a 
merger with Friends** Provi- 
dent life funds is a possibility, 
provided it' can be done 
without detriment to Friends* 
Provident policyholders. 

However, this is something 
of a no-win situation for 
UKPI poticybokieis, since if 
the life fond cannot be merged 
with Friends' Provident life 
fond without detriment to the 

‘You are not likely to get a 
good return on your money’ 

policies relatively recently, 
they Ought to ranntter making 
them paid up. 

“ I can’t see that there wHl 
be much benefit to policyhold- 
ers in staying. You are not 
likely to get much in tile way 
of returns on your money.” 

. . , However, he does point out 
that this advice does not apply 
for those who. are holding 
policies due to mature within 
three io five years, 

He says: “You might as well 
go on paying because you win 
lose life assurance premium 
relief if you discontinue and 
start with a new company, and 
the cost of getting the fife 
cover - in your fifties win 
outweigh the potential disad- 
vantages of continuing to pay 
the premiums. 

“If you go anywhere else it 
wifi cost you money.’V 

He also points out that fin- 
many investors, the UKPI 
contract win not be their only 
policy, so the situation for 
some wfll not be quite so dire. 

Pensions adviser Patrick 
McNamee of PM & A takes a 
cautious view. “I think most 
of my policyholders will just 
have to stick with it,” be says. 

Friends’ Provident policy- 
holders, then it does not say 
much for the inve stm ent s in 
the UKPI fond and policy- 
holders will not have much to 
look forward to. 

John Greener of Richards 
Longstaff also counsels a 
“wait and see” approach. 

He says: “We can’t actually 
make a decision today. We are 
not advising people to do one 
thing or another until more 
details of the merger are 
known. In any case, it might 
not be possible to continue 
with some policies.” 

He is expecting the deposit 
administration pension con- 
tracts to be discontinued. 

These are effectively fixed 
interest investments used by 
investors who have only a few 
years to go to retirement and 
therefore cannot afford to take 
rhanrpg m the equity market 

Richards Longstaff has 
quite a few long-standing 
with-profits policyholders, 
and because of the age of the 
policyholders and the loss of 
LAPR, will probably advise 
clients to continue paying the 

“The LAPR will be worth 

more than the temporary sus- 
pension of bonuses," says Mr 

He also believes there might 
be something to be said Tor 
carrying on with the contracts 
if the UKPI life funds are 
made closed funds. “Some of 
the old Caledonian funds 
which are closed funds are 
doing frightfully well," he 
points ouL 

But the question which all 
life company investors must 
now be asking is whether it 
could happen elsewhere if it 
could happen to such a highly 
respected mutual company as 
United Kingdom Provident. 

“Yes, I think it could,” 
commented Stephen 
Lansdown. “I have been say- 
ing for some time now that 
bonus projections are 
unreafctidy high-” 

Most life companies are 
projecting future bonuses for- 
ward at today’s rates. Many 
experts have pointed out that 
today's bonus rates are histori- 
cally high and with lower 
inflation it is not reasonable to 
suppose that investment re- 
turns will remain at today’s 
high levels. 

“1 think there is an inherent 
danger in investment manag- 
ers chasing today’s high re- 
turns and it is quite possible 
that another company could 
get into similar difficulties, 
said Mr Greener." 

Where does he recommend 
investors with new money to 
commit to place their cash? 

“We are recommending 
Norwich Union, Scottish 
Widows. Scottish Equitable, i 
Equitable Life and Clerical ; 
Medical & General, says Mr 

Patrick McNamee takes a 
similar view: “I am sure there 
are other companies which 
could get into a similar situa- 
tion. Many companies have' 
spent a lot of money chasing 
new business — particularly on 
the unit-linked side.” 

And he points out that the 
pressure to keep up the invest- 
ment performance is greater 
now than ever before. Fund 
managers, aware that their 
performance is being moni- 
tored, may wefl be tempted to 
take unwarranted risks. 

He is going totally for unit- 
linked contracts where the 
investment performance can 
be seen in the quoted unit 
prices in the daily papers. 

Lorna Bourke 

The first unit trust 
designed to tap the strength 
of the German economy 

Last year GT launched the first unit trust to invest 
exclusively in German equities. A unique opportunity to 
participate in the free world's third largest economy, the 
world’s fourth largest stock market and one of the worlds 
consistently strongest currencies. 

Here, for the first time; wasa fund created specifically 
to take advantage of the political stability, financial j 

strength and commitment to sheer hard work 
which has made Germany the most .■ - ; 

successful industrial nation in ■■ f-’V -'it/ 

Euro P e - . 


Germany’s economic, monetary and 
social climate has encouraged steady Iong-terrn^^ 
industrial growth. As a result, German industry confidently 
continues to invest in its own future prosperity 

With an inflation rate now below Kt>, coupled with 
low interest rates, the German economy could hardly be 
looking healthier. 

German manufacturing industry, with its strong, stable 
management and its excellent industrial relations record, is 
reaping the rewards of the ever growing reputation of its 
products in world markets. 


Since GT Germany Fund was launched in September 
last year the offer price ofUnits has risen by over 39%. 

Of the jC 3 billion under GTs management, some 
£400 million is in European Markets where GT have been 
actively investing for many years. 

The GT Europe Fund was launched in 1982 and was 
the best performing Unit Trust of any kind in the UJC. over 
the three years tO 1 February 1986. (Source- .Money Manatsrmewj 

GT was the first to spot the dramatic changes in the 
German market and the first to be convinced of the funda- 
mental values available in that economy. 


• \ GT believes that the long-term trend 

■ \ isstill highly promismg.andthatGernuuiy 
is an essential part of any portfolio. As a 
’ . .s group, GTs policy has always been to 
f take the longer view - to aim for 

consistent, solid growth over time, and 
• as far as Germany is concerned the time 
still seems right 

The price of units and the income 
' T. from them can go down as well as up. 

But the GT Germany Fund with its 
^ 0000 /^ excellent track record should offer investors 
the opportunity to profit from the continuing 
strength and stability of the German stock market. 

You are invited to apply now. Fill in the coupon and 
send it to GT Unit Managers Ltd FREEPOST London 
EC2B 2DL or telephone 01-626 9431. 

Dealing Monday - Friday 09.30 - 1 7.00. 


TU- aim irf ihc (TT Germany Fund K long itrm capital growth. The find k 
authorised by ihe Depanmem oT Trade and Industry- and qualifies 31 a 'wider range' 
inveamcm under the Trustee ImrMineni* Art |Wi|. TruMer Llrn-dsEatik Pic. 

A contract nine will he issued un receipt c S your application and a certificate wffl 
normally he sent within srv uvekv- 

An innial charge of 1 1 equivalent in ihe offer price 1 is included in the 
price of units and an annua] charge of l“n 1 phifcWTi of the valor oT the fond is allowed fix 
in the quoted yield. C'ommrwtMi is paid 10 qualdied intennedianes nut otmhul charge 
■Raxes available on request 1 The offer price of unhs at 9 ’4 Wj was h*LBp. 

Fjjimaled gross current vidJ 1 * I.M“« Managers report, on the fund u-ifl he issued 
on 2 hi Ala* and 2t«a Xnirmher each year income will be d*4 ribulcd annually net ofbasir 
rateiaxnn3Lci Nosemhei. 

I’nnsmai he Mild hack Jiaiwiim' at the bid pnrr ruling on rcreipt ot'ieiur order, 
and payment will normally Ur made m 7 tins on receipt of your renounced remticaic. 
Ibices and yields are quoted .idle in (be nanorul press. 

Tlv Manager* are GT l' nil MaiugersLid.MemhersalThrl'nil Trial Association 

Not applicable m Lire. 

TkGTUim Mangers Lid. FREEPOST. London EC2B2DL. 
fNotUmfrr^arrSL ["T 

I/We wish to invest ■ ~** in the GT Germany Fund 1 minimum 

jCSOOmi the pore rvbng 00 rbr dry wju receive rtusjppJnraJion. 

1 am/ We are over 18. Cheques should he made payable loGTUrui Managers Lid. 
1/ We encVttc a cheque for the amoum to be invested 
Tide boeifdiiidends arc to be reinvested. Q 

If you would like driads of how to invest by regular monthly caving please tick 
thrbooL n 

Signature — 

(Tn the case ofjomt applications all mus sign and provide names and addresses on 
a separate sheet) , 


BLOCK I PniRl, Ptrj*e 'lair Mr Mis Vton Tut. 

-- - Trl No 

If you normally use an imminent ad user please stale name herc. 


GT Germany Fund 

A simple test for your 

Which way does he see Europe? means a rare combination of on-the- 
A patch-work dominated by ground knowledge and solid invest- 
restrictive borders? ment experience. 

Or an open area where one can . . It is that combination that has 

move around freely? been responsible for the excellent 

Yes, A is how it really is. performance of our European fund 

But if you want to make better and indeed for every other fund 

than average returns on European we manage. 

investments then you have to see No-one in the City has more 

it like T?’ experience, expertise and solid 

We do. Because you can’t any success behind them than MIM. 

longer rely on blue-chip names Which is why no-one in the 

or in the predictable performances City is better placed to move quickly 
of national economies. - adventurously and safely for the 

Success lies in spotting the benefit of investors 
coming companies - wherever If you would like to see 

thev may be - and moving quickly that philosophy m action we ll be 
out of one territory _ happy to .send you 

intoanothen IjyQpSBT TRUST ' ° f “ *“ 

Achieving that |^Mil rajMANAGERS figll tru3ts ‘ 


H Devonshire Square, London EC2M 4 YR-Tl‘1: 0].626 5434. 

With the new Gateway Star 60 
Account, your money earns extra 
high interest but never gets 
hopelessly tied up. 

A minimum investment of 
£500 earns a healthy 9.00% net 
p.a. basic rate income tax paid 
[equal to 1 2.68% gross to basic 
rate income tax payers]. With 60 
days’ written notice of withdrawal 
there is no loss of interest 
whatsoever. You can withdraw 
your money, however, on demand. 

Should you need some of 
your investment straight away, 
you only lose 60 days’ interest on 
the part you take out. 

new Star performance account 
from Gateway. 

The rate showrvmayvaiy and is net of liability to basic rate 
Income tax at 29%. 

Cl r AIM 

ir jrwi 

r ^ l n 

L v JL v i 




Gateway Building Society, Durrington Lane, Worthing, West Sussex BN 1 3 2QR 

>$;■*** i . 



Hiah interest AND instant access to your investment, 
at any time, without penalty. That’s the simple, ncwtnngs 

9 Intent te added annually in October or you can recede 

it as monthly income. _ _ _ , mr%A 

Send the coupon to us FREEPOST, Newcastle and 

r cfart oaminn h an. 



£500 or more 8.05% 

£5,000 or more 

£10,000 or more 

NEW ffig” | moss , 

«K ,6 “* ow " NORTHERN ROCK 


ftople with your interest at heart. 

SSSSnnRock House, Gosforth, Newcastle upon Tyne NE3 4PL Tfet 091 -285 7191. 

^H^Sbishops^ EC2M «X. W^n^« 7 6881 
Scottish Office: 27 Castle Street. Edinburgh EH2 BDN. Telephone: 031 -226 3401. 











start earning high, 
no-strings interest 
without delay. 


TO: Mike McCardle, rr ^_ 

, Northern Rock Building Society, FREEPOST, 

I Gosforth, Newcastle upon Tyne NE3 1BR- 

I l/We endose cheque for £ — — 

to be invested in Moneyspinner Plus. 

i pT"irtterest to be added annually to the 
I I I account 

| Q] interest to be paid monthly. 

I Please confirm the application. 

• Meanwhile, my investm ent is to start eamir 
| interest upon receip t 





Member of the Building Sooeties A*KX»t«jfV 
Authorised for investment by Trustees. Branches and Agents 
throughout the UJC Assets exceed £1500 mdton. 


Now it pays to 
shop around 


PM £(£ 0V Ohtf-S 



Cuts in bank base and home $ 
loan Tates are good news for 
borrowers - overdrafts now w 
cost 14 to 16 per cent and home j s 
loan rates are down to IL75 to 
12 per cent. u 

But it is not so good for h 
savers. However, u is suU 8 

possible to get 9-8 per cent net n 

ofbasic rate tax from your a 
building society account -if r< 

you shop around. The table c 
diows which societies are » 
offering the best .«■»■ ™ r 
Blackheath is paying the top v 
raw of 9.8 c 

I requires you to invest iiaouu. i, 

I However, investors with c 
I smaller sums can still a 
I handsome return. Guardian, t 
I Aid to Thrift, Mormngton, i 
I Essex Equitable, and Market i 
I Harbo rough have no min J- * 
I mum investment and are i 
I paying 9 per cent or more. i 

I Even if you do not want to ' 
I deal with your investments oy 
I post, the Cheltenham & 

I Gloucester, with branches an 
I over Britain is paying a gener- 
I ous 8.75 per cent on ns 
I Premier Income account for 
I as little as £ 1 , 000 . 

1 For the basic rate taxpayer 

I the building societies offer the 

I best after-tax return. But with 

| the prospect of further cuts in 

1 base rates, investors - ana 
I particularly those paying high- 
I er rate tax — should be looking 
I at locking their money into 
I something like National Sav- 
I ings certificates, now paying 
I 7.85 per cent tax-free. 

J The return is not quite so 
I attractive for the baste rate 

I taxpayer as the 9 or so you can 

I get on a building sonety 
I account but it has the merit of 

I being a fixed return -useful in 

i I the face of falling interest 
| I rates. 

I | A 40 per cent taxpayer, for 
‘ 1 example, will have a further 
1 I tax liability on a building 
I society account paying on 
I I average around 8.5 per cent 
J I which brings the after-tax 
I I return down to 7.1 per owl — 

1 I less than the return from 
I savings certificates and quite 
I likely to come down still 
I further if there is another cut 
I in bank base rates. 

I If you are a higher rate 
- I taxpayer and have not got 

vour full quota of £5.000 
worth of 31st issue, dont 
delay. There is every chance 
that another reduction in nv* 
terest raxes will precipitate the 
withdrawal of the current 

Similarly, it is worth signing 
up for yeariy plan if you pay 
higher rate tax. The return is 
8.19 per rent tax-free and the 
maximum investment is £200 
a month. It is a one-year 
regular savings scheme wiucn 
converts into a four-year rav- 
ings certificate. Here too the 
raw is fixed at the level at 
which vou sign up - but it 
could be reduced for future 
investors, so don’t miss the 

Finally, for the non-taxpay- 
er, the National Savings Bank 
investment account remains 
the only onshore investment 
allowed to pay interest with- 
out deduction of tax and is 
therefore the only suitable 
investment vehicle. It is pay- 
ing 1L5 per cent. 




Pest Office 


UTTLE NOTICE, Twrw Net True 

LARGE iM^XINTS^ Account Type H*. ^ 






. ~ Other 





Kent Rettanca 
Clay Cross Benefit 

Kent Reliance 
Ctay Cross Benefit 





Aid To Thrift 

Cheltenham & 





Extra hit Shares 
Extra Int Shares 
Premier Shares 
Extra M Shares 

Extra Int Shares 
Kent Shares 
Magnum Share 


Kent Shares 
Magnum Share 

7-Oay Notice 
High Yield Shares 
Extra hit Shares 
Extra bit Shares 



Extra Shares 
ah Time Shares 

Premier Income 
Super Sever 
Super Shares 2 
Super Gold 





. 1,000 

Ctty of London 
Frame Seiwood 

Capita! City Gold 
14-day notice 
Extraordin a ry Share 
Blue Chip 

8.80 8JW 

835 8-79 

830 868 

830 sm 

830 8J8 

RfYBrsktaHouse, RB&Bd8n, Suffolk (P3QOSF (tot 


^ r Hats 0.79* net lower hom Apfl 15 

O Rata 050* towwftom April 15 


X JLs the Sunday Tfelegraph said recently, 
“Capel-Cure Myers has proved itself to be one ot the 
very best stockbrokers for dealing with private 
clients . . 

And, as the Observer also said, 

. . Vanguard, the unit trust arm of stockbrokers 
Capel-Cure Myers, is the Small Group of the Year. For 
the second year running. Its four trusts rose an 
average 36.7%, an excellent performance.” 

By joining the services and the skills of Capel-Cure 
Myers and Vanguard, you arrive at The Master 
Portfolio Service’. 

We believe that this is the most logical and effective 
way yet devised of managing substantial portfolios tor 
private investors. If you have more than £50,000, you 
ought to find out what we can do for you. 

Please telephone or write to Nicolas Bowater or 
David Edsell for full details at 


Members of The Stock Exchange 
01-248 8446 

65 Holbom Viaduct, 

London EC1 A 2EU and Edinburgh 
Tfelex 886653 PROCUR G 

Member of the ANZ Group 


London Life 

% ° 

GROWTH - AT UP TO 15.5%p.a.* 

The Selector bsirnpbcity itself. 

You select the balance between capital 
cytMdi and income within one Plan to suit your 

You select the term of investment -from as 
Me as 5 years up to 9 years 

You select the frequency of the income 
payments. And there is no medical euidence ■ 
called for. 

Example of.a mate aged 66. a 30* taxpayer, 
investing £10.000*" Qver5 years. 

Selected Net 
Annual Income 

I 1 1 ■ ■ » , i v I (1 

trained to provide a particularly high standard 

That afi adds up to a very attractive . . 
proposition. If you uould Eke to find out how 
attractive, fil in and return the coupon below 
ACT NO W — These terms may 
be withdrawn at any time without 
prior notice. ^ 

Toe New Business Department 
| The London Life Association Limited, 

■ Freepost 100 TempleStreeLBristoI 
J BS16YJ (no stamp required). 

■ hwxildGketolmowmomabouiLondonU{& 

I Income Sdoctoc 

Protected na 

11.0% 10.26% 9J)5% 9.35% 

The equhatow y o u ytdd ft 15 5%p.a. I . ■ ■ ,m " ~ 

" Ihaevaluaastwngilwl-antoiLlte'saBmiA bon a rates ■ [WtrwL. 

BwmtnMmd I ■■ ■ * • * *•* 1 , , - 

■"■Mw«ml»wgamgr!-£2L500 ■ Dale of Birth ■ - 

LoncictoLife'sexfx^trecOTdinmana^rvg J 

investment hinds (we’re usually at or ■ Td.NosBus*n«ss “ 

near the top of indu^iy performance . I Ho me — -. — — - — — r" 

tables) isyourguaranteeofah$i p— n r-n Dd«e«appbcafti 8P; 

3 LnJ Ln 

exceptionalpertornwKeisttvatacttM l H i Q800-717111 -treeof discus* 

we pay noc o mntisdon. and our staff are LonQOfl UIC yororequhernefiix personally j 

London Life —over 175 years of assurance 



the price for peace of mind 



, "sas 

• Buying a house that 
I turns ont to be half 
! faiingtknm is 
, everybody's nightmare. 

; Vivien Goldsmith takes a 
> |odk ait how to avoid the 


'"Agsimple- mortga^ Valuation 
t -is made solely for the building 
i society or bank lending the 
» - money and should not lull the 
buyer into a false wiy of 
security”, warns a new leaflet 
. produced by die people, who 

Mortgage -^Valuations Ex- 
plained pptots out that a 
■valuation ^s 'hot a survey frnd 
: . “nftlegal responsibility to the 
boito^rF -Or any other person 
’ will bdimplied or accepted by 
the valuer or the lender”, says 
die leaflet from the Royal 
Institution of Chartered Sur- 
veyors |md Incorporated Soci- 
ety of Valuers and 

i- - Not-' so . long ago die buyer 
i would have paid for a valua- 
I tion but would not have been 

■j the building society. But now 
I- building societies routinely 
H . give - copies of valuations to 
! prospective house buyers. 

I And it may make them Think 
J that they have a professional 1 s 
! ‘ seal . of approval on the 
J property. 

i Ifthe advance is for 100 per 
{ cent ofthe purchase price of 
the house then the report will 
i be telling the building society 
if the house is worth that 
i mucfe But if the borrower 
only wants to 
! raise say 

! £20,000 on a 

: /TSaS m £80,000 house 
i then the re- 

1 TtfTP? PP rt "W 

■ v ^VmnlE be investigat- 
i •' ■■3 1 I UJHv ing if there is 
; £20,000 worth 

of security in the property. 

! If a buyer wants a better 
' idea ofthe worth ofa house he 
j or she should opt for a bouse 
' buyer’s report or a full struc- 
| tural survey Jf the survey 
! shows any major defects the 
buyer can use this as a lever to 
i negotiate a reduction in the 
i price of the house if he is sot 
| detemed from buying it 
i altogether. 

f . A house buyer’s report is 
halfway between a simple 
| valuation and a full structural 
; survey. The surveyor checks 
the wiring, {dumbing and the 

fXr-. ?■ 'X :: XX ’ J - >X J m 

• ; ■ 

Confusion in buyer's mrlr^-gw to professionals for best investment 

basic structure of the house 
but he will sot take up the 
floorboards or burrow into the 
roof cavity. 

Paying for this extra service 
brings some come-back on the 
surveyor. But house buyers 
■ who have relied on the basic 
valuation and have bought a 
house in poor condition and 
subsequently tried to sue the 
surveyor have lost 

BiH Taylor of RICS says; 
“In Stevenson versus the Na- 
tionwide the buyer chose the 
cheapest option with all the 
exclusion clauses. He was 
offered a choice but he chose 
the cheapest and he got what 
he paid for, which was very 

“I know people who spend 
more money inspecting a mo- 
tor car than they would spend 
on a house even though it 
costs ten times as much. It is 
the biggest purchase most 
people make: They should 
take professional advice." 

But even a bouse buyer’s 
report will not give you a legal 
come-back for any defects 
which appear later. The sur- 
vey is less complete than the 
full structural survey and thus 

gives you less protection. But 
you will have a case against 
the surveyor if he misses 
anything which is supposed to 
be covered in the house 
buyer's report 

Anyone considering buying 
a large or old house, which is 
likely to have a major defect 
or is for from standar d should 
have a full structural survey. 

Most major building societ- 
ies now offer a standard 

Cost of building society 
valuations and house 
buyer’s reports 

use pri 
buyers r 









The cost Is subject to 15 par cent 
VAT and £2 administration charge 

Source: Halifax BudtSng Society 

valuation or house buyer's 
report. But a faJJ structural 
survey will tend to be a 
narrative report rather than a 
question and answer form — 
and the cost will have to be 
negotiated with the surveyor. 

A basic valuation, which 
building societies are forced 
by law to undertake, will cost 
about £50 for a £40,000 house 
with a house buyer's report 
costing £125 and a full struc- 
tural survey about £200-£300. 

House buyers in the north 
are much more reluctant to 
have a full structural survey 
than those in the south (except 
in Manchester for some rea- 
son), but the intermediate 
house buyer's report intro- 
duced nearly five years ago 
now accounts for about 60 per 
cent of the Halifax's buyers 
with 30 per cent relying on the 
valuation report and 10 per 
cent taking a full survey. 

A valuation would not men- 
tion a crack in a garage wall as 
this would not affect the value 
of the house although it might 
cost quite a bit to repair - and 
the house buyer might like to 
know about iL That would be 
covered by a house buyer’s 

report but details about 
cracked bathroom tiles and 
rotten floorboards under fitted 
carpets would only be re- 
vealed by a full structural 

Joe Harley, a surveyor of 
Bristol, said young first-lime 
buyers often took the attitude 
Svfe . that if a vafua- 

f'MSzrr*'' ■. tion was good 

’‘dSISsi =^. enough for the 

ety then it was 

-SET*" sood enough 

' LlSr^rfi for them with- 
j JTmJJ . out realizing 
1 limited 

function of the report They 
also, he said, tend to forget 
that the money they are 
borrowing to buy the property 
is their money and the proper- 
ty is their responsibility. 

The surveyors hope the 
leaflet will be given to buyers 
before they even fill out the 
mortgage application form. 
They must hope, naturally, 
that more buyers will use 
them to undertake surveys 
and they wilt avoid the wran- 
gles which result when people 
believe they are getting more 
than they are. 

fmemofionol Investment Con suton»sOdJ^^ j 

.18 Finsbury Square. London EC2A IPX 
Telephone: 01-638 2540 or 01-588 3172 

Member of the National Association of Security Dealers and Investment Managers 

■ Are you wondering just how long the current equity boom can last? 

B Should you now be looking at safety-first investment vehicles that will still 
provide a real rate of return? 

■ Have you been thinking about fixed-interest investments? 

■ Have you considered fixed-interest investments in Swiss Francs? 

■ Did you notice that in the year February 1 985 to February 1 986 the Swiss 
Franc appreciated by over 50% against the US Dollar? 

B Do you remember when there were SwFr.i 2 to the £? There are now under 

B What safer currency could you find for your fixed-interest investments? 

1B.I.A. Bond Investments AG 

BIA is a Swiss-resident company, listed on a recognised stock exchange, which 

provides investors with a good spread of first class Swiss Franc denominated Bonds 

and deposits in a unitised form. 

Q in the five years to March 1986, UK investors in BIA - private individuals, pension 
funds and companies - have seen the value of their investments virtually double in 
Sterling terms. 

9 The anonymous bearer Participation Certificates issued by BIA are easily bought 
and sold and their prices are quoted daily in the Financial Times. Income is 
reinvested for the benefit of investors. 

International Investment Consultants Ltd. BIA's UK representatives, can provide 

details to investors and professional advisers. 

To: David Burren, Marketing Director, International Investment Consultants Ltd. 
Please send me further details of BIA. 


Tn.s aer.-ettseaienr does "Oi Ctxwoiwo an mmu&on ro subscnM hr shares 





Adam £ Company 


Citibank Savings! - 

Consolidated Cids 

Continental Trust 

Co-operative Bank 

C ttoare & Co... 

Lloyds Bank .... 

Nat Westmmsier 

Royal Bank oi Scotland.. 

TSB - 

Cmbank NA 



... 11 . 00 % 





... 1100 % 



... 11 . 00 % 

... 11 . 00 % 

... 11 . 00 % 

t Mortgage But Rale. 

As Association of 
A Lloyd’s Members 



■ Lloyd 6 Syndicate Results, published annually, analysing in 
some 50 pages all syndicates operating in the last dosed year. 

■ Regular Newsletters on Uoytfs affairs. 

■ Meetings in some 20 regions oi U.K. 

■ Competitive quotations lor Stop-Loss Insurance. 

■ Information and help qeneraily- 

Fbr membership details and a FREE copy of the most recent Lloyd's 
Syndicate Resuits by return of post, write ur 
Association of Lloyd's Members 
Uoyds5tttte Ai Lime Street Loodon EC3M 7DQ 
ffct 01-623 7 100. Em 4058) 

w -- 

I m 

&■ m 


„ v-'-.-.t A*-. 

X * :• f:-x : 

-XX : ,** a jXX . 

**&$£:***£* XX ' ’ vutVtt^**** 

He rift Ws f Ot 




j -> v 

There's one wo«l Itofs common to most of Emope at the 



Because with European markets rising 39% * on average 
last year, there’s no mistaking the patented. 

And now. Save & Prosper (one of Britan’s largest unit 
trust groups) believe the tune is right .to bring you a new 

. nfthto F u mne an theme. 

Europe. With a higher safety factor. 

Here’s why. 


AD foe signs in Europe are adding ap to excellent tong- 
tfrntt growth prospects. 

•Underdeveloped stock markets that are now attracting 
mflty j>nd more investors both domestic and forefen - 
and, despite last year’s gains, are still cheap compared 
with other major markets. 

•Improving economies with inflation and interest rates 
imder control. 

•Increasing prodretivfty. ’ w . . 

•And company profits cm thetf way up -and now helped 

by lower o3 prices. • 

There’s every chance of excellent returns. 

But these stock markets are relatively small- (Even Ger- 
many^lto^eamonryfo&irope, has a stock market only 

tme tinrd tiie size of Britain.) And smafl markets am be volatile 
-wtridi is why our experts are now recommending a new invest- 
ment mix. 


Our new fond trill invest primarily in the major markets of 
Continental Europe in high-yielding equities (mainly of larger 
companies), bonds and convertibles. 

A wri* Hm* is different from most other European funds. 
Because it stiB aims for high growth. But also includes the high- 

yielding equities and fixed interest content for income - and, as 

importantly, for a degree erf safety which we believe is sensible 
in these smaller markets. 

And we ought to know. As the first unit trust group to 
launch a European fund 22 years ago, we’ve had plenty of 
experience in getting the best out of Europe. 

fBEIJ F. . . BIEN . . WUNDERBAR . . . ) 

You can investin the new European Income & Growth 
Fund from £250 or from £20 a month -and until 2nd May we'll 
be bolding the price of units to 50p. 

' Just complete foe coupon or talk to your professional 

You should remember that the price of units and income 
from them can go down as well as up. 

But we believe with this new European investment mix, 
the signs are afl good. In anyone’s language: 

To-. Save & Prosper Scmmies Lid. FREEPOST. Romford RAM IBR. 
Tdepheae: Free Money hnettfiOiK JO I PrcsUl *481284 


Exsring Account No. tif anyi 

I wish to Invest I (minimum £250 nritialiy. 1100 sub- 

sequently) in Save £ Prosper European Income £ Growth Fund at the Tncd offer price of 
50p per Unn for appS rju o ro rcrrind by 2nd M«> 1986. and subsequent l> at ibeoRcr price- 
per unit prrvaUtaE on the day of receipt of my application. 

I enclose a cheque made payable to Sn £ Prosper Senstitin Lrmiled. I no over l& 
1 wwld l&e dbuibnUn of moarae ro be nJn wcs l ed in the purchase of fiirtbcr units-, 
-ddac if you ufeh lutoree to be psrf dinei to you. 

OfPtease scrol me dmalb of rovtai; from 120 a tuonih. 


OBJECTIVE To poude a portahe of higha-peUinB smriMS itMSlld >n CotAWbl ElPOpt 

miCES Wfil veB. IWi M Uav 1® the (At # irts «« oe find n Shi sn its esmasd omss 

suing ytea is 55* pa Pnces aid Bb y«M mil be anted d>hr m badmg ibuibsi 

EKALNi IK LWITS. UPC HV) OfWWVItOi sold lannaAyi* asserting®* Cemfiotes nomaby mII be 
tomaroeflikiron kobvs Men wrts «« SOM cock to t’eMsragef„ pdynert ri notuuiiy mow: ? or, 
ol ns rcennng mounceo cenHate 

l£7WMtf WSTRSUTIOHS lJBiU»ch»d iSh Sejfcnte w* yea 

CHA39fi tafioldaQa 525%Wfiaic*mSngaffiuaiteiifitneitEettn^ihelaHoll%t)rTScBBuna, 
who* a atidBl * 8* ota pira d we. Rmmam & aes some m ibxbSQ tdl se paa la 

x&N ■ LA V ^C // 




TITO oBwh nn iB — a e H n a tesl d mi ql the Repub- 

Brr. m Seated No IM». 

bstn Qua Street, GdMnnW 

aomciiwa piotewtiai athnn Arodi chargt i% m me wit* at b* Ftrfl pha vat tmx a permand 
mamwnol ' ^%musVAT -sutnedtoJmorttonoicei Tthicoroixw »omir>; Rum assets m men 
UinagEP.' etoerces mduing liusae s ws. 

tlVESTUDir PPHTRE UndH Ihe TncJ Deed l»* Umgn KDy paitfUSE ffltl *T* llWH QdliOfE. afiied 
la wivaiiiri tarn down 1 1 me Qqomncni a Tra* & InduOty 

SAFcu'JARQS Tite Tjna is auOwatO Df B* SeoBay a Stale tot Trade & nmusffy mens infet-iangc' 
■nwsenetii m? Truiee liwdnKnb Ad 1961 Trust* Bant ol Scwanl 

MANAGERS 5 m 4 Pissp? LmW 1 F*nstwyA«Bi*. London EC 2 U 20 V Tetehor*. 01-586 

171 / a menaei s ifle Via IntR Assoeetfi 



How clothes fit the bill 


The opportunity to enhance 
your wardrobe as a perk to 
your job is attractive, and it is 
surprising that more individ- 
uals do not take advantage of 
the income tax allowances. 

The Inland Revenue has a 
number of allowances that 
have been agreed over the 
years, often negotiated with 
the unions. For example, 
building workers such as join- 
ers and carpenters can claim 
£75 a year, stonemasons £55, 
nnH carders and overlookers 
in the textile industry £55. A 
lace maker is permitted £30 
and a railway wagon repairer 

The highest allowance is 
£ 1 10 for seamen carpenters on 
passenger lines. 

It is an extension of this 
principle that is now attracting 
higher raze taxpayers and 
companies looking to enhance 
remuneration packages with- 
out passing on all the tax 
liability to the employee. 

There are two basic ap- 
proaches adopted by the Rev- 
enue. For employees of a 
company, taxed under Sched- 

ule said duties, there may be 
deducted from the emolu- 
ments to be assessed the 
expenses so necessarily in- 
curred and defrayed”. 

The addition of hie term 
“necessity" makes it harder 
for employees to make claims 

first loaned as a benefit less 
any sums paid by the employ- 
ee during the leasing period 
which have been taxed. 

For instance, if a suit at a 
purchase value of £100 is 
bought by the company and 
ibe staff member pays £20 a 

tor employees to masc cuu iu» /■ 

than lire srtfemployed and, of 

course, the rule applies to all use of it, the employee pays 

ber 1982 , but ihe ji 
was overturned by the 
of Lords in July 1983. 

Lord Brigtuman 
Revenue was maided to ! 

H»vf«» that such clothes ' — . 
professional and persotuLput c 
not exctoively.ihe former^ J 

ule E, the Income and Corpo- 
rion 189, 

A dark day: Ann Malta lieu lost her Hahn that her sombre barrister's outfit was tax-deductible 

ration Taxes Act, section . 
states that if an employee is 
obliged to “expend money 
wholly, exclusively and neces- 
sarily in the performance of 

wuiaw, Mb iimv " ' 

expenses, hot just expenditure 
on clothes. 

For a feiriy wide range of 
industries, ihe Revenue has 
agreed to accept what are 
termed “consolidated 
allowances”. This is where 
staff are given a flat ram 
deduction from their tax li- 
abilities to compensate them 
for the upkeep of their work- 
ing clothes, as the examples 
given illustrate. 

The Revenue will permit 
other cases to be settled on a 
personal basis by the individ- 
ual where the article of cloth- 
ing is distinctive, such as a 
badge or insignia affixed. 

The more recent develop- 
ment has been where a compa- 
ny offers “finance” clothing 
for an employee, and then 
arranges to lease it to the 
member of staff. 

For tax purposes, the Reve- 
nue says the liability is the 
difference between the sum 
paid for the suit and the higher 
of either the market value at 
the date of transfer or the 
market value of the asset when 

Imagine walking into a showroom knowing 
you could borrow up to £10,000 to spend 
on a car. VC’irh a Royal Bank 
of Scotland Car Loan you 

could be doing it tomorrow. 
New or second-hand, we can 
lend you up to S0?o of the cost. 





Boats aren't cheap. 
But, if a real beauty came 
along wouldn't it be handy 
to have the buying power 
right there and then? A Boat 
Loan lets you borrow up to 
£10,000, (you’ll be asked to 
pay 1096 of the cost yourself). 

So,- what’s -the point in 

dreaming? This" time next week 
you could be on 
the water. 



Odd how the sales seem to start when you can least 
afford them. But that's the time to find the real bargains. 
A Personal Loan means you can go to the 
sales with the power of cash behind you. So, 
just point to what you want and it's yours. 

High-tech usually comes with a high price. If its 
more than you can afford at the moment, 
think about a Personal 

Loan. Pop in and see us 
or just fill in a form. 
That way 
you can be 
tapping the 
keyboard instead 
of just tapping 
your fingers. 

A Personal Loan from The Royal Bank, of Scotland -j 
is fir when you want things sooner rather than later - 
Whatever it is you're after; we don't ask why you want it, ■ 
just when. To apply call in at any branch or, fir full writ : : 
ten details, fill in the coupon, specifying branch, if already . 

1 2 customer and send it to The Royal Bank of Scotland, 
FREEPOST, London EC3B 3LP- fNo stamp required J. . /' . * 



j” Please send me more information about ybuf"^ 

: Personal Loans. I am over 18. ' ; dli 




.U>t)RES ; 


£60 and is liable for tax at the 
end of the time (when the 
company simply give* over 
the suit) on £40. The tax 
inspector takes into account 
the higher of the two .figures. 

Naturally other benefits 
than clothing can be treated, 
but if it is an appreciating 

If Miss MalJalieu had^w^ $ 

it- would have been o pen 

every seif-emptoyed pertw to _ 

set' clothing costs agon?* in* f 
cotne so tong as he or ahe ] 
reserved the clothes strict# form- 
work. : \ | 

The Revenue says that to? a 7 
daim to-be allowed there must *, 
not be duality of patpose. v 
Thus, ir allows daims for the r 

Company pays for 
tailor-made suits 

al cricteajjr and, ; of courser 
downs! . .. , _ . 







i a* i 

| The Royal Bank of Scotland J 

i' M 'll MH . - I — i «aai nJ 

lw ni icsiima [*, Berjr.ifn”! flftitt 'E 3' Sn lomSaigh Eh.’ Tffl ia 3coll»d Ko SO 3U 

asset, such as a flat far the 
employee, there win be a 
liability for tax. at the higher 
market “value without any 
allowance permitted fix’ tax 
paid previously on the benefit 

Self-employed, assessed un- 
der Schedule D, came under 
the legal eye. as clothing was 
the specific issue in the court 
case of Mallalieu v 

Ann Mallalieu, a banister, 
claimed ber black court 
clothes were purchased only to 
comply with tradition at the 
Bar. The Court of Appeal 
ruled in her favour in Decent 

Several leading dashing re- - 
taileis have schemes for com- ^ . 
panics lo pay foremptoyces* 5 
' tailor-made clothes and lor 1 
■ tie company to finance the j 
. transaction. One London firm . . 
isBurtingtonwith shpos both ! 
at 9 Savrle Row (trading as , 
Anthony J. Hewiajatp at 213. •* 
Gty Reed 
More would probaf 
ticipate 1 in such leas 
r ang ements if the- si 
became better known 
companies bad enough J 
justify the pape 
benefits become, 
when employees 
than £S 500- - p 

The protectitifa 



Hardly a week passes these 
days without further develop- 
ments in the structure of the 
self-regulatory regime which is 
supposed to be in place and 
running by -January 3 next 

This week confused follow- 
ers of the comings and goings 
of the so-called sdf-trgalatory 
organizations (SROs) have 

had to come to grips with yet 
another acronym — EBRO. 

This stands for the Regula- 
tory Organization for Invest- 
ment Brokers, Managers and 
Dealers, and is bora out of a 
union between two SROs, 
reducing the-number of potent 
'tnd* SROs- “to- si x. The t wo - 
SROs merging are NASDIM, 
the National Association, of 
Dealers and Investment Man- 
agers. and LUT1RO, the Life 
and Unit Trust Intermediaries 
Regulatory Organization. 

Amid all tiw confusion of 
new and disappearing names, 

what is actually happening in 
text of 5 

the context of specific mea- 
sures to protect investors 
against fraud and insolvency 
of investment businesses, au- 
thorized or otherwise? 

Lawyers acting for the Secu- 
rities and Investments Board 
are poring over the details of a 
compensation scheme which 
the board is setting up to 
protect investors who lose 
money as a result of the 
insolvency of a business ait 
thorized under the new regula- 
tory framework. 

The proposed scheme 
would provide compensation 
up to £30,000 per customer 
from a central fund which 
would be set op through levies 
from investment businesses 
whose customers qualify for 

It has not yet been decided 
whether, within the £30,000 
limit, claims would be met in 
fufl, or whether in fact claims 
would be met up to a percent- 
age, say 90 per cent, with 
£30.000 as the maximum. 

The idea is that only indi- 
vidual private investors will 

S * tfy for compensation. The 
will not, for instance, be 
used to compensate profes- 
sional customers or other 
investment businesses. 

The scheme will, subject to 
the exceptions mentioned be- 
low, apply to all investment 
businesses which seek the 
authorization required under 
the Financial Services Bill 
directly from the SIB. 

It win also be open to any 
SRO which wants to partici- 
pate in it. Should an SRO not 
want to join- SIB’s scheme, it 
must have one of its own 
which provides protection of 
at least an equivalent standard 
to customers of its member 

It is worth noting that the. 
protection given by the in- 
tended scheme is much better 
than that given to individuals 
in the case of the collapse ofr 
say, a bank or building society, 
both of which events fan 
outside the scheme’s scope. 

Under' the Banking Act 
1979, the maximum compen- 
sation available where a hank 
or licensed deposit laker col- 
lapses is only £7,500. This 
applies to personal deposits, 

the precise rule being that you 

qualify for compensation of 
75 per cent of deposits up to 

f!nnffi' IfyOUbadmore ^ 
£10,0(X) you are confined 
nevertheless to 75 per cent of 

words to £7,500. 

Joint depositors are treated 
as having separate deposits 

viduaj beneficial interests in 
the relevant accounts, 

Excluded from this com - 
pensation scheme are tbeTSB. 
National Savings and Channel . 
islands and lsfeof Man banks. 

The building societies, ac- 
confii^ to the Building Sodttt- 
ics Bid, were going to provide 
a compeasationscbemewhich 
would provide only the -same 
level of compensation as. the 
banks. Under present vbfcm-' 
- tary ar ra ngements. they cur- 
rently provide a higher level “ 
90 per cent of deposits up to 
£I0,Q00 l 

However, in the committee 
stage of die ' Bifl there was 
stanheh. opposition -id the 
proposed reduction in com- 
pensation levels,' and thfeGoY^" 
eminent said it would be 
prepared to increase the cover 
under the investment protec- 
tion scheme to 90 per cent on 
amounts of up to £10,000, for 
as long as the limits in the new 
legislation on societies’ non- 
traditional lending activities 
remained in force. : 

Insurance companies will 
also fell outside the scope of 
the SIB compensation scheme 
as the Policyholders Protec- 
tion Act 1975 comes into {day 

■This applies only to private 
policyholders, with policies 
effected with UK-authorized 
insurance companies. Friend- 
ly society policies and Lloyd's 
syndicate policies are 

if an insurer collapses . the 
Policyholders Protection 
Board will pay out m frill cm 
all proven claims arising out 
of the insurance of compul- 
sory risks, such as 1 motor 

False claims are 
criminal offences 

insurance against injuries to 
third parties. ' • 

With regard to other forms 
of insurance, non-compulsory . 
insurance in effect, the board 
will pay Out on 90 per cent of 
the claim. For example, if you 
are burgled, claim on your 
household policy and find the 
insurer is unable to meet its 
liabilities, the board will pay 
out 90 per cent or your proven 
daim. You will not, however, 
get a refund of any unused 

. 111 the case of longterm 
insurance such as a life insur- 
ance policy, the board, wher- 
ever possible, win. secure 
continuity ofbenefiis at 90 per 

or rJ7 lust Policy- 

holder 90 per cent of the value 

of the policy at the time of the 

wmding-up of the insurer. If 
you have a policy which has 
not been pinning for Jang you 
will have to balance the likely 
tow surrender value wfth aet- 

bmefits! y 90 *** “H 1 °f the 

So, the way things are going 

Ih??ra rS 5 a L between them 

the SIB and the various out- 
side schemes established un- 
oer primary legislation -will 
vide a measure ofcompen- 


be authorized. Such con?™! 

a criminal of- 
™ a** do this, and 

reran amendment; the 

the SIB the power and, in feet 

StiOM y aS| Ca,Ty °“ l iaVeSti ' 
v4i c £ ^ 211 authorized 

Lawrence Le 



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■ ■ I 

; • >;*» 
.'■‘fc. J: 

■« V-3? 

^ ' -W, 

.si? - 

jSavrig in 
{to Prosper 

^ Not weryone can afford to totaBy 

orsakf &TCOC78 /n favour of capital 
irowtf - . however sensible ties may be 
n terns of the relative tax treatment of 
vrofitf vis-a-vis income. A - 
»mp onuse fa an income and growth urtt 
rust and the latest to be launched - 
Save SProsper’e European Income & 
arowthiFund — specializes in the 
asritonfeble Europe/'A-ftarttie very 
itrongiy rising European markets of 
he last year, we believe the time is now 
ippropriate to take a significantly 
fitterem approach to investment in 
Europe," says S&P's John Manser, 
rhe fundrwW be invested 55 par cent 

n equities and 40 per cent in convertibles 

end bonds, it wtfl have 25 per cent fa 


percent in H 

, — cent ui France; 15 
and 8 per cent in 

*" “ ~ ' asa 


pa UK. In sddfton, the currency 'risk wi8 
be hedged^'-OqnvertiWe markets in 
Europe areistifl their Infancy with . 

* *— inendoas scope for 

prrwi«|«iMynm says Mr Manser. "The 
return onffyeti interest Investments In 

lmauuiiau, iHuaiiy, uitnu dasoonga 

growing awareness among European 
axnpaniesof their sharehoWers' desire 

tat is SAP's investment track record 
a? In the short term it hasnot exactly 
^•edi During the three months to 
1 1 , its funds managed to 
- > the average tn only two 
jrs cut of t7. However, perhaps this 
i wfll go we» for-SAP. The fund's 
.ss esimated starting yield wffl be 5.5 
r cent and the minimum Investment 
I be £250. 

(Cost of crime 

■ (f you are wondering why your 
I household c o ntents insurance premiums 
!are rocketing, took no farther than the 
(latest statistics from the Association of 
British Insurers. During (985, theft 
* i people’s houses cost the insurance 
rws £334-5 mfllion. "With 
1 1,000 domestic theft dabns every 
jday, no one can afford to be - - 
{complacent Insurance can pay to replace 
Phs Items stolen but can never 
{compensate for the emotional upset 
ca used to the victims of burglary," 
said Roger Bardell. chief executive of the 
Association of British Insurers. 

Tax attack 

{The Chancellor opened a hornet's 
nest with the publication of hfs Green 
[Paper oh taxatiori reform. The latest 
[critic to add his weight to the growing pile 
of protests a Christopher Johnson, 
Uoyds Bank’s economist He rejects the 
proposals for transferable allowances 
between husband and wife and goes tor 
the option proposed m the 198Q Green 
Paper. Abotitioh of the married man’s 
{allowance, says Mr Johnson, would 
'yie« £3,700 mUBon. equivalent to £6 a 
week on child benefit or 3p off the 
basic rate of tax, or a IS per cent increase 
in personal tax allowances. ."This 
'would help one-earner couples with 
| children and single parents," he points 
lout "It would nptdfecrmilnate between 

members of households, or between 
one household and another In favour of 
married couptes, nor would it 
cfiscrimtoafe against women going out to 

Confident Colonial 

■ When equity markets are booming 
the one question on everyone's lips fe 
**When« it going to end? "The 

available through bookshops or by matt 
order at £3.95 in the shops or £4.50 by 
post Write to LBC Radio, PO Box 26i. 
London EC4P 4LP. 

Opening up 

■ The banks have started something 
with their Saturday opening — because 
the Greenwich Building Society is on 
to it and is opening on Saturday 
afternoons too. From today the 
Lewisham High Street branch to south- 
east London will be open from 9 am 
right through to 3 pm. "This gives 
customers the chance to have a tittle 
extra sleep on Saturday morning," says 
Frank Elks of the Greenwich. 

Duty-free Darts 

■ The announcement that 
Bardaycard’s Darts project is to go live at 
terminal four conjures up images of an 
enterprising new scheme to keep airline 
passengers happy white waiting tor 
their delayed ffight What better titan a 
game of darts and a pint? However, It 
turns out to be a yet another acronym - 
Darts means Data Capture and 
Authorization RetaH Transaction Service, 
in practice you will now be able to go 
through the checkout at the duty-free 

i and Colonial appears to take a 
reasonably confident view of the UK 
stock market although recommends 
only an average weighting. “The stimulus 
of a buoyant world economy lower oil 

■ prices and a competitive exchange rate 
have contributed to an extremely 
strong equity market," the review i 
"Industrial profits growth is exped 
to accelerate m 1886 to 15 per cent a year 
from 9 per cent last year and 
dividends should continue their 12 per 
cent growth. Takeover activity . 
continues to help bid up financial asset 

Foreign and Colonial Is, however, ter 
more confident about Japanese shares, 
recommending an average weighting 
In them or htgnar. The review says: 
"Long-term growth remains in the 
domestic economy. The strength of the 
yen is largely discounted in the export 
stocks and a policy of gradual 
accumulation of this sector should be 

It’s in the book 

■ Where can I get a good book which 
wffl explain some of the complexities of 
money and investment? This is 
perhaps one of the commonest cries from 
Times readers. The problem is that 
apart from base principles, most books 
on money are out of date as soon as 
they are written. However, the latest 
addition to the money library - The 
Famffy Money Book from LBC’s Douglas 
Moffitt— to good on basic | 
but not so hot on the [ 
example. It has a very good 
explanation of howto obtain income from 
your property if you come into tiie 
over-70 age bracket The answer is a 
home annuity and the explanation of 
how this works Is dear and easy to 
understand. But the book does not tell 
you at the end of the section where you 
can go for advice on home annuities, 

nor who markets them, it is stffl worth 
j hold of a copy, though, just for 
• basics. - 

The book is'pubRshed by Dent and is 

I at the new Terminal FOur at 
Heathrow, and instead of standing in 
the queue while the person In front 
attempts to pay with Italian lira, you 
will now be able to run your Baroaycard 
through a special tiH which wifi 
automatically debit your account You will 
not have to wait while someone makes 
out the voucher. Bardaycard is expecting 
to install around 150 of these maebtnes 
in Brent Cross shopping centra in north 
London but the Terminal Four project 

tofc^nwnber ofDarts machinesif?* 09 
operation to more than 80. 

Two at the top 

■ Investment trust performance 
during the past four years has been 
dominated by two trusts. The latest 
statistics from the Association of 
Investment Trust Companies shows 
Lowland Investment Trust and F&C 
Eurotrust occupying the top two 
positions on a retum-to-sharehoUer 
basis over one war, two, three and 
five years. A £100 investment In F&C 
Eurotrust over one year to March 31, 
1986. would have produced a return of 
£170.70, and a corresponding 
investment in Lowland woukfhave 
produced £157.54. The five-year view 
shows Lowland far ahead of the 
opposition, with a £100 stake valued 
at £645.20. F&C Eurtrust, the next 
closest, has a return of £467.10. 

The A1TC has revamped the 
presentation of its statistics on 
investment trusts, breaking them 
down into three sets. These show share 
price total return — the increases In the 
share prices quoted for the trusts — nef 
asset value total return and 
management group fisting. These last two 
compos the performance of the 
underlying investments and that of the 
management groups which manage 
Invesmnent trusts. 

The statistics are available from the 
AITC at £12 a year for each fist or £30 for 
all three. Details from AITC, Park 
House ,16 Finsbury Circus, London EC2M 






UP 30.8% FROM I30p TO I70 p. 

► European Assets is the largest 
investment company specialising in 

Continental Europe listed on the UK 

Stock. Exchange 

• The current share price has more than 
doubled since October 1983. 

• Our enthusiasm for equity 
investment in Europe, which was not 
universally shared, has been justified 

and we believe the consen>atism of 
these mature economies will prove, 
in the coming years, a source of great 




| To: Ivory & Sime pic. One Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DZ. Please send me a copy of the 1985 Annual Report for - ] 
European Assets Trust 




How your pension funds fared 

How well have the investment 
managers who ran your com- 
pany pension scheme done hi 
the performance stakes? If 
they were good they would 
have managed to tarn in a 
return of more than 36 per cent 
in the past year — the tafl- 
emfers, however, would have 
prodneed only a 2 per cent 

These facts emerge from the 
latest snrvey of pension funds’ 
performance from Noble 
Lowndes. “The year 1985 was 
the fust year since 1981 in 
which some managers, free 
from any constraints o n their 
investment produced returns 
below the levels of both earn- 
ings and prices inflation,” said 
Ph3 Cooke, investment direc- 
tor of Noble Lowndes Invest- 
ment Monitoring. - 

The avenge return Jar all 
tiie pension tends monitored 
was 1&5 per cent - 7-3 per 
cent above the rise hi national 
average earnings. The report 
says: “The range of retains 
among portfolios in 1985 has 
been very wide- Not since 1960 
have they beat so extreme. 
One .message is dear - the 
markets, are becoming amove 
volatile and thus a mere 
dangerous place. As in previ- 
ous years, it has been stock 
selection which has been the 
most important factor in deter- 
mining whether performance 
has been above or. below 
average, with most managers 
foiling into a relatively narrow 
band of market sel ect ion 

The report adds that, al- 
though pension tend invest- 

ment managers get the overall 
market strategy right, they 
were net so hot on picking the 
right shares: “If market selec- 
tion produced few sarprises, 
stock selection was a different 
story socumtfog for by far tiie 
greatest measure of gains and 
some substantial losses. Vola- 
tility between investment 
booses was pro noanc ed. A 
mixture of an overweight ex- 
posure to electronics and 
electricals, anderweight in 
metals and shipping and a like 
for Japanese export-related 
stocks was a near perfect 
recipe for poor performance in 

Unfortunately for tee peo- 

sion fond members -concerned, 
the report does sot name those 
funds that got it wrong — nor 
the ones that got it right. 



THE FUND — primarily invests in "exempt" 
British Government Securities (Gilts). These are 
Gilts which are not liable to any UK. taxation. 


free o»" any wjtholdmg taxes. 

A REAL RETURN — inflation » now 
under 6^. the Fund therefore provides a real 
returned more than b 1 !. 

NO FIXED TERM — the investment can 
be held tor as long as you wish, you can seH at 
am' time, on am' business dav 


The Fund has been certified as a Distributing 
Fund under the provisions or the LUv. Finance 
Act 1*184 in respect of ics latest accountperiod. 


Britannia is one ot the leading investment 
Management Grout* in the LLh., Chan nef 
iKiand-Tand U S. A. and now manage^ in excess of 
behah of 350.000 investors 
worldwide including %W0 insntutional clients 
irom its offices in London. Jereev. Denver and 

irom its on ices in u»nauM. . ■ JUfeSatMteMfiaM 



COMPUTE COL 'POS - letwi. ; “ - - 

. .. -h . tir L!ie* HI 

■Cow- uU»iw< *■*-■’* SFT'I *** . 

t»*. « urti « t*€d m ie**vand Im«I on 

it*. ftitcL CvchaflflP LawQfl | 

- twhaBH Wt ■ MW" "’££212 I 




BO.Boagtg H Ei KlMni CJ. 
I*»f wwl w tfw w^w«« v 

| tuwty. 

gri O m ni a International 

. i UuaaMne 


MBi 4792092 

m»r nr flir rou— — — 

BrM, My (A Uirwo H» m w 


oi Ihe BriUnm Am* Croup 

A Double First! 

For the second year miming. Vanguard 
Trust Managers won the Observer “Small 
Unit Thist Group of the Year” Award. 

The average gain of our four funds 
was 36.7% — better than all other unit trust 

We have also been awarded the Money 
Management “Small Unit T’usi Management 
Group of the Year” Award for 1985. We were 
the only group,by their criteria, to have 
achieved 100% above-average performance 
over one and three years. 

A contributory factor was the performance of Vanguard Special Situations Thist, 
the only Unit 1 Thist to have been in the top 3 best performing UK Growth funds over the 
last 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 10 years. 

Short term performance is often a Duke — long term performance is not. 

A Proven Performance Record 

Over one, two, three, five, seven and ten year 
periods, the trust -is arnongthe3 best performing 
U.K. Growth Funds*, registering gains of 
62.4%, 138.6%, 218.3%, 383.7%, 480.2% and 
865.9% respectively. No other U.K. Growth 
Fund has managed to perform so consistently. 
* Money Management figures to 1st April 1986. 

Offer to bid, including net reinvested income. 

Investment Objectives 

The investment policy of this Trust is to ■ 
provide capital growth from an actively 

accordance with the guidelines set by the 
Department of Thade. 

You should remember that the price of 
units and the income from them can go down 
as well as up. 

An Enviable Pedigree 

special situations. 

These could be companies that have 
fallen od bad times, but are now 
turning round ; they could be 
companies that look ripe for a 
take-over or perhaps companies 
with new, innovative products. 

We also have the power to invest 
up to 25% of the Truk in USM stocks, 
as well as in traded options in 

General Information 

I t>OD rwnpt of your application lonu a rontrarl non* 
will be s«t fofloft od bj .1 rortifwsu*? id 36 da> - 1 rut 
pnraaiKl , iekls:<rp quoted inilwFiniiOrtalTiirKB 
1 nils ran be soki Iracb m ibe Manager-. ai not kn*. than 
the mitumun bid prv’p oak-ukled to a iaramia approve! 
to tile liepurtmont of Trade Tbe Trust ft, authorised 
the Department of Trade aod ronsuuited bj al •eed 
dated Vlarrh 1371 iai> amended 1 An initial <-harse of V. 
b mdudod m the offer prw of unit* from w birb 
retUDTKTDUon taps} abie to qua* fwd n termed iane»ai 
rates avaite hie ou request Tbeunnuui «*h.irpv»vtai 
Vi phi* l -\T of the t aAie of Lhe Trust lut opposed to a 

maxjtouraof 1% permrUedmlheDeed 1 This adodu, led 
from the n row. m/wneand oaDm lor in Lhrmmpni 
snw»> K-ld 1 htftributjons will he paid tti ire \rart> ai 
theendof Fehrutvm and \u£u» 

TrutAe.- Rmaj Bank of Scot laftdpe H Broad 
htre« London FT 2 

Managers \nmniani Tnibi Minas^rs Limited 
tio Hdborn \ tadnrt London Pi I \ 2F 1 telephone 
0) 23d TOM McmticrofUie 5 niiTu«4 twysiiioti 
Tkos ot't - * BO* a> taHlOU f O H's Of F inr 

one of the City’s most quoted and authoritative 
sources on investment topics. They currently 
look after over £1 billion of funds on behalf oi 
institutional, private and pension fund clients. 
Since 1985 they have been a member of the 
ANZ Group, a major international bank with a 
worldwide network of offices and with balance 
sheet footings exceeding US$30 billion. 

Act Now 

Tb invest in this Thist, please 
- complete this application form 
and send it to the Managers. 

For your guidance only, the offer 
price of units on 10th April 1986 
was 44.2p per unit The Estimated 
Current Gross Yield is 2.36%pa. 

To: Vanguard Thist Managers Ltd, 63 Holborn Maduct, 
LondonEClA 2El\ Telephone 01-236 3053. 

I We ftish U) invest l minimum £ 5 llQl £ 

m the Vansjuard 

Sjpefial Situations Thist at the offer price ruling on receipt of m> 
appbraDon A cheque is era-losed maae j»aj able to \aafluaiTi Trust 
Manager^ Ltd 

First Names i in full) 

Surname (Mr Mrs. Miss! 




Signature ■ 






HUE iJUto&Al UlU/Aif iy_oo_ 



Distillers f 





Guinness ^ 

best and final 
offer worth < 




Figuro ha»eJ on ihv market prices at I Wpm Fridn 

The Guinness offer is unanimously recommended by the Board of Distillers. 

The closing date is April 18th at 3 pm. 


This advertisement is published bv Morgan Grenfell & Co Limned and The British Linen Bank Ltd on behalf of Guinness PLC. The Directors ot Guannrss PLC are the persons 
responsible for the information contained in this advertisement To ihe best of their Liv-wledce and belief (ha vine raken all rea»orvabl» care to ensure thai such is the easel the miCimunon 
contained in this advertisement is in accordance with the facts The Directors ri Guinness FLC accept responsibility accordmidv 
The vaW ot' Gumness' otfer depends on ns dute price The aboi-r oner value is for iSWntn' Otter assuming acceptance m full tn; all Distillers shareholders of the Convertible Preference Share 
Election and them results m pro raia allocation oi the Guinness Convertible Preference Shares, based on the middle market taken from The Stock Exchange Dadv Official Lot tai I Ith ApnL I*'© 
The Oflei value takes account of an esrimaic bv U’ood Maclenrie & Co Limned and Ca:rno>e £» Co ot the value, based on rhe iclevant ordinary share price ot' the Convertible 
Preference Shares of Guinness The value of the Convertible Preference Shares of Guinness are esntnated because they are not presently quoted 

SAA move 
to Heathrow 
Terminal 1. 

For air travellers connecting with other airports 
throughout the UK, Ireland and Europe, SAA offer one-terminal 
simplicity at Heathrow Terminal 1. Whether you’re flying 
to South Africa. Or flying back. 

More non-stop flights. Hus far and away the best wine on 
the route, says Business Traveller Magazine (World Airline 
Wine Survey). 

More than ever, SAA is the No. 1 way to South Africa. 


«.we makefile deference 

CiHS.XA 2.-1 Rcecni Strm. \\1R "\DTcf UI-TW WMI f* 'Viscid H-fx l 'OW. IiUmjiw. Tel 


4 - 

Seven-year reprieve 
on lifetime gifts 

• The Chancellor may hare abolished a “chargeable event” for CGT 
inheritance tax on gifts yon make purposes — bnt there are ways round 

during yoor lifetime, bat beforeyoa go the problem, as accountant BRIAN 
rushing off to dispose of yonr assets, totESi 

don’t forget capital gains tat Gifts are FRIEDMAN explains 

Table 1 : The ipamnsm 
rate of tax \ 

Years between 
death 4 


3 - 4 

4- 5 

over? . 

H tfW. 





The abolition of capital trans- 
fer tax on lifetime gifts to 
individuals was one of the 
bolder reforms made by a 
Chancellor who has shown in 
his last three Budgets a healthy 
disregard for maintaining the 
status qua What remains of 
capital transfer tax has now 
been renamed inheritance tax 
and is largely similar to the old 
estate duty abolished by the 
Labour Government in 1974. 

Inheritance tax will now be 
chargeable at rales of up to 60 
per cent on all gifts made on 
death or within seven years of 
death. Gifts made wi thin three 
years of death will be taxable 
at the full death rates, whereas 
gifts made between four and 
seven years before death will 
be reduced by reference to a 
sliding scale of taper relief, 

Inheritance tax win also be 
chargeable on lifetime trans- 

Estate planning 
has been turned 
on its head 

fers into trust (other than 
accumulation and mainte- 
nance trusts and trusts for the 
disabled), although in these 
cases the tax will be charged at 
one half the corresponding 
death rate. 

As a result of these radical 
reforms estate planning has 
been turned on its head and 
tax specialists are eagerly wait- 
ing to see the small print of the 
proposed legislation when the 
Finance Bill is published later 
this month. 

The Budget proposals have 
already all but lulled the 
inheritance trust market 
which was previously a popu- 
lar way of mitigating CTT 
liabilities. The popularity of 
such schemes relied on die 
ability to be able to transfer 
assets while still being a We to 
enjoy an income from the 

Unfortunately for the insur- 
ance companies that marketed 
the schemes the new legisla- 
tion will include a “reserva- 
tion of benefits” clause which 
will mean that for inheritance 

fits clause is lifted. 

However, all is noi lost for- 
the insurance companies as 
there is likely to be a profitable 
market in seven-year term 
assurance as recipients of 
lifetime gifts seek to avoid- 
financial toss should the do- 
nor die within seven years of 
making the gift. 

The abolition of CTT on 
lifetime gifts to individuals 
may lead to a rush of outright 
gifts to children and grandchil- 
dren as wealthy individuals 
hurry to divest themselves of 
wealth before the next election 
and a possible reintroduction 
of tax on lifetime gifts. 

However, human nature be- 
ing what it is, many, people 
will undoubtedly wish to hang 
on to their property for as long 
as possible and may end up 
paying more tax than would 
hav e bee n the case under the 
old CTT rules. 

Table 1 compares the rates 
of tax applicable to a top rate 
CTT payer (60 per cent) in 
respect of gifts made under the 
new inheritance t ax ru les and 
under the old CTT rules. 
Under CTT rules gifts made 
more than three years before 
death attracted tax at half the 
death rates, but under the new 
tapering relief provisions it 
will be five y ears before the 
previous CTT position can be 

Care should also be taken 
not t o confuse the abolition of 
CTT on lifetime gifts with the 
impact of capital gains tax 
which is chargeable on lifetime 
disposals but not on death. 

Capital gains tax on gifts is 
calculated by reference to the 
market value at the date the 








over 317 

Bihar, tax 
rale 86-47 

Table 2: Inheritance 
gift was made. Provided ihe ^ ra tSS 
recipient is a UK resident and 
both parties so elect, the gain 
can be held over. The recipi- 
ent effectively stands in the 
shoes of the ghrer and interns 
the giver’s bast cost forCGT 
purposes. This is different 
from a transfer on death where 
no CGT is payable and the 
recipient takes the probate 
valuation as his base cost. 

Suppose, for example, 

Charles transfers to his son. 

William, an asset worth 









. an ... 

£15,000 but which originally 
cost him only £ 2 . 000 . If the 
transfer is made during 
Charles's lifetime a capital 
gain (ignoring indexation) will 
arise tf£lL<X)0. 

Charles can either pay the 
30 percent capital gains tax or 
jointly elect with his son that 
the is held over, in which 
case William will inherit 
Charles's base cost of £2.000. 

If; on the other hand, the 

Each case most 
be considered 
on Its merits 

transfer was made on 
Charles’s death no CGT 
would arise and William 
would inherit the asset at its 
probate value of £1 5,000. 

Effectively then there is a 
choice to be made. Either 
property can be passed as a 
lifetime gift, in which case 
CGT will oe chargeable; or the 
property can be transferred on 
death, m which case inheri- 
tance rax wifi be chargeable. - 

Given that CGT is charge- 
able at a flat rate of 30 per cent 
and inheritance tax is charged 
at various rates (see Table 2) 
of up to 60 per cent, it wflj 
often be the case that the CGT- 

charge is the lesser of the two 
evils — particularfy as it can be 
rolled over and deferred, more 
or less indefinitely id some 

This, however, will by no 
means always be the case and 
every case must be consi dered 
on its merits, in particular, 
certain assets may qualify for 
the 50 per cent business 
property refief from inheri- 
tance tax, which will effective- 
ly reduce the top rite of 
inheritance tax to the CGT 
rate of 30 per cent and it such 
cases lifetime transfer may 
not be best. J 

On the other hanfi. the 
indexation relief for fcapiial 
gains tax may ensue that 
CGT is the fesser chage. In 
addition, as CGT wilt Become 
payable only as and Wfien the 
assess are eventually s&d, the 
intentions of the recipient 
should not be overlooked. 

The least fevotxrabiri solu- 
tion may arise where rafts are 
made shortly before <te|th, in 
which case both CGT and 
inheritance tax may b* pay- 
able unless the new fegtiation 
permits some, form of id-off 
In any event the pibbfem 
remains that we never , know 
when the grim reaper might 
call. ; .which brings us back to 
the matter of seven-year term . 
assurance; - ... - 





Adam & Company. 

fated Cnte. 

Contrendal Trust. 
Co-opertive Bank. 

C. Hoare & Co 

LLoyds Bank. 

Nat Westnmster 

Royal Bank ot Scotland— 


Citibank NA 

t Mortgage Base Kate. 

as fee largest Society amongst 
the Top twenty* wife 

* The higtest reserve ratio 

* The fewest adimmstenve 

* No branch offices 

Wtehaffi always spectated 
in a fast postal res ponse. 
Just send this advertise 
ment wrtti your name and 
address for details today. 
Or telephone at any time. 


Please tick the appropriate box for full details of the 
following services. NO SALESMAN WILL CALL. 

Unit Trusts offer managed investment in □ 
British and overseas stock markets for £1,000 or more. 

Savings Plan enables you to invest in unit j — i 
trusts from £20 a month with no extra charges. I I 

Share Exchange Scheme is an i — i 

inexpensive way for you to exchange shares worth 1 I 

£1000 or more for any M&G Unit Trust 

Planned Income Portfolio 

provides ten income payments spread through 
the year from an investment of £2,500 or more. 

Life Cover Plan offers you high levels of i — i 
Kfe cover protection at low cost LJ 

Flexible Pension Plan foranyowwhoi— , 

is self-employed or not in an employer’s pension LJ 
scheme; you get complete tax rdief on contributions. 


7*85% net +Cheque Book 

equivalent to a gross compounded annual rate of 1146% 
(correct at time of going to press). High Interest Cheque 
Account with fOemwort, Benson limited, administered . 
by M&G as agents. Minimum initial deposit £2^00. 



To: The M&G Group, Three Quays, TbwerHifl, 
London EC3R 6BQ. Tel: 01-626 4588. 

Mr 'Mrs/ Miss INITIALS 




AM 481526 

Member of me 
Unit Trust Association 
nr Ibr lirbad 




Dept TMP .120 High Holbom, London WC 1 V 6 RH 
Tel: 01-242 0011 (out-of-boors ansmptione) 


Business Expansion Scheme 

FOR THE YEAR 1986/1987 


(Company Na 1888381) 

Offer for Subscription -Sponsored by 

Chancery Securities PLC- 

(Licensed Dealers insecurities) 


to seek tax relief for the year 1 986A987. 




SSSSSKfe" 11 " 



Vq ^ 



"*•> , 
« i 

t-i , . 

1 S33 





• ■ ••: rr ’ ' 1 


5 T««! 


Two good reasons for 
watching the vintages 


Two events — the devaluation 
of the French franc last week- 
end by 2.97 per cent against 
sterling and France's second 
most important wine auction 
— 4 have prompted aririari in- 
vestment interest to the 1985 
Bordeaux and Burgundy 

Hardly any British newspa- 
per carried news of the auction, 
of Hospices de Nuits wines 
from northern Burgundy 
therefore the information 
not yet reached investors this 
ride ofthe Charmed. But prices 
rose 48.9 per cent for the 1985 
vintage, which is of very good 
quality. The average price per 
piecev/as 25,958 Fr compared 
with 17,437 FF for last year's 
sale. Ami the volume on offer 
was up: .from 164.16 
hectolitres (each hectolitre is 
worth approximately 1 1 doz- 
en bottles of wme)to 193.8C8U. 

Several UK track: buyers 
bought, including Adnams of 
South wold (which took Les St 
Georges, Cuvee des Seires de ! 
VeigyX Maisoh Cotswofd of 
Cirencester, Bablake Wines of 
. Coventry and Fells, a London- 
based wholesale shipper (with . 
Les Didiers, Cuvee Fagon, • 
Premier CruJ. 

John Harvey and Sons 
(Harvey House, Whitchurch 
Lane, Bristol, Avon BS14 QJZ) 
is making an offer of 1985 
Burgundies at opening prices. ' 
Mr John Harvey himseff who 
is looking after orders, says 
‘this is an exciting vintage for 
Burgundy and one of the best 
for many years. 

There is no question about - 
the vigour of the wines, panic* 
ularty the reds, which contain 
a good balance of tannin and 
acidity — hallmarks of poten- 
tial for investment wines. 

There is already great de- 
mand for the 1985 Burgun- 
dies, both within Europe and 
from the United Stales. While 
the prices are significantly 
above those of 1 984, they will 
look inexpensive on an histor- 
ic cost basis by the time of 
maturity in some six to eight 

As examples, Harveys are 
quoting Beaune 1985 from 
Charles Vienot at £64,. 
Pommard 1985 from Leonce 
de Valleroy (an exclusive to 
the firm) and two. .splendid 
white Burgundies: Cbassagne 

|L > 


Cwrant accourt — no Merasl paid. 
Deposit acoo u nta — seven days, 
notice required for wttMrswale 
Barclays 5.25 per cent Uoycfs 02S 
per cam, Mktand 5.25 per cent 
Natures* &2S per cent National 
Girobank &25 per cant Fixed Bmn 
deposits £10X00 to £24X99 : 1 
month 7.50 per cent 3 months 7X0 
per cent S months 6X25 per cent 
/National Wesn rtr aua rt; 1 m onth 
7X06 per cent 3 months 6X41 per 
cent 6 months 7.101 per cent 
(Mkfiand). Other banks may after. 

FM m CHAR TeSphoea 

Aten Hun* 

moncblykie. 652 854 016366070 

Bef Seated 751 777 0169 8060 

E1JJKK959S 775 700 BIB2B1S87 
mXOOO&owW &00 624 01 626 1567 

CtinsrAasncri 754 6L13 0*5662777 

UcnoyUUPtaft 70S STS 01 2401222 

HFClWrasy 150 S.E 012908381 

* ?■ -T-'- 

CtMQua Account 751 777 
UoftAHCA 100 124 
luhMCA 7J6 114 

£2.000- £8 ,999 750 7.71 

£10500 and cwr 775 756 
£250045596 850 124 

naooo&awr 655 650 
Oppnrttew Uoncy 
Iteaaameal Accouk 
mder tltwOO 775 850 
omt £10500 755 106 

SAPCaf 755 754 




0742 20999 



01 23S93G2 




wBMrawaL maximum investment 

National Saving* Income Bond 
MMnum In v e st ment £2.000, maxF 
mun £50.000. lmBfBsM2-00 per 
cent variable at six weeks notice 
paid monthly without deduction of 
tax Repayment at 3 months notice. 
P e nal ties In Bra year. 

Neflooal Savings Indexed income 

Starr rate monthly Income for first 
yearX par cant . increased at end of 
each year to match increase in 
prices as maasuad by Retao Prices 
index Cash value remains the 
same, bioome taxable, payed gross. 
Three months notice of withdrawal. 
Minimum investment of £5X00 in 
muKtotos of £1,000. Maximum 

National Savings 3rd tndox-Unkod 

over £10.000 746 774 

TUM&maycal 857 XZ7 

T6R7dM 108 193 

lyndtfoaf 750 853 

759 754 0705 927733 
7X6 774 0705827733 

857 127 01 236 0962 

859 193 01Z3S0SS2 

750 853 0272732241 

Just a taste^but the French wises offer more 

Montrachet from Charles 1 1 
Vienot at £124 and Puligay 
Montrachet at £139 from the 
same House. These look par- 
ticularly attractive in view of 
the US demand for top white 

To these prices one needs to 
add freight, duly and VAT — a 
total of about £1 1 per dozen’ 
bottles — when the wises are 
shipped in spring 1987. 

Yet fine 1985 darets are 
also is demand at opening 
prices. The “first growths" of 
Bordeaux are not expected to 
reveal their prices for another 
five to six weeks but already 
other estates have shown the 
high prices expected. 

.Some leading buyers, tike 
Mr John Taylor, Master of 
Wine with Hatch^ Mansfield, 
doubt whether the 1985 is so 
much better than the 1983s, 
but Mr Freddy . Price of 
Green's tikes the style and 
feels the 1985s will be in real 

.._.ConaI Gregory 

757 111 0272 732241 

640 856 016264661 

1 non* 757 754 0752261161 

CNAR - ConpowM NM Ante Rtfs. 
Raum ere the latast snteb « tha tkna of 

National Saving* Bank 
Ordinary accounts — If a mktimun 
balance of £100 maintained for 
whole of 1966. 6 per cant interest 
p.a. for ftoch compteta month where 
balance is over £500, otherwise 3 
percent Investment Account- 11.5 
per cent interest paid without de- 
duction of tax, one months notioe of 

Maximum inve st me n t - £5.000 
exduclng holdings of other issues. 
Renan tax-free and Inked to 
changes in the retail price index 
Supplement of 25 per cent In the 
first year, 2.75 par cant in the 
second, 3X5 per cent in the third, 4 
per cent in the fourth, and 5X5 per 
cart In the fifth. Value of Retirement 
issue Certificates purchased n 
March 1981. £151X0 , including 
bonus and supplement February 
RPt 381.1 . (The new RPI figure is 
not announced until the thraweek 
of the foflowing month). 

««-»■ ■ O airinna 

NaDOnai Un uihaD 

31st issue. Return totally free of 
income and capital gains tax. equiv- 
alent to on annual interest rate over 
the five-year term of 7.85 per cent 
maximum investment £5.000 

Hertianml ITai^Hia r^4— — 

nowNiai doviiys YOorij ran 

wwiipa ifiRMiiwir tcv a iiausiui. 

maximum 2200 . Return over five 
yews 8.19 per cent tax free. 

National Savings Deposit Bond 
Minimum investment £100 , maxi- 

mum £50X00 - Interest 12 per cant 
variable at six weeks notice credited 
annuaBy without deduction of tax 
Repayment at three mont hs notice. 
Han interest only paid on bonds 
repaid during first year. 

Local Authority Yearting Bonds 
12 months fixed rata investments 
interest 9’A per cent basic rate tax 
deducted at source (can be re- 
claimed by non- taxpayer), minimum 
Investment £1.000. purchased 
through stockbroker or bank. 

G uaran t e ed Income Bonds 
Return paid net of pane rata tax; 
higher rate taxpayers may have a 
former liability on maturity. 1 yr New 
Direction Finance - 7.7% 2 yre Gen. 
Portfolio - 7.6%. 384 yrs Premium 
Life - 8%. 5 yre New Direction 
Fkicance-7X% . 

Local authority town had bonds 
Fixed term, fixed rate investments, 
interest quoted net (basic rata tax 
deducted at source non redainv- 
abte) lyr Worthing. 7.75%, min 
invest £500 - 2yrslCnowstey7.9%, 
mm Invest £1000 - 3 yrs Knowstey 

8%. nW ifiwast£10 (« - 4&5vts 

Worthing 73%, mm. invest £500 - 
6&7 yrs Grimsby 8%, B&9yre Taff 
Ely 7.1% - 10 yrs Taff By 6X1%. 
rmn. invest £1000 

Further detais svaBabie from Char- 
tered institute of Public Finance & 
Accountancy. Loans Bureau (638 
6361 between 10 am and 2.30pm) 
sea also prestei no 24806. 

Bufitfing Societies 
Ordinary stmra accounts — 5.00 per 
cent Extra interest accomts usual- 
ly pay 1-2 per cent over ordinary 
share rate. Rates quoted above are 
those most commonly offered, irvfl- 
viduai bidding societies may quote 
Afferent rates, (merest on afl ac- 
counts paid net of basic rate tax 
Not redaimabie by non-taxpayers. 

Foreign cu rren c y deposits 
Rates quoted by Rothschild's Old 
Court International Reserves 0481 
26741. Seven days notice is re- 
quired tor withdrawal and no charge 
is made for switching currencies. 
Starting 1052 per cent 

US dollar 658 per cent 

Yen 442 per cent 

D Mark 3.71 per cent 

French Franc 8.09 per cent 

Swiss Franc £40 per cent 

income next month 

...and every month? 

The new Prolific Monthly Income 
Portfolio offers you an income payment on 
the 7th of every month from a portfolio of 
four successful unit trusts. Unlike a building 
society the Portfolio offers you the prospect 
of both increasing income and capital growth. 

To find out more, simply return the coupon 

I To: Prolific Units Trusts, 222 Bishopsgaie, London EC2M ^jsTI 

1 Please send me further details about the Prolific Monthly j 

■ Income Portfolio. TI2/4 , 

■ Prolific Unit Tram is the trading name of 
I Provincial Life Investment Company LkL 




Tbr many years* Japan has been a favourite choice fa- 
investors looking todiversifytheir portfolk«overse3S.They 
have not been disappointed Japan has provided investors 
with outstanding returns, flfe believe that Japan should 
consistently merit a {dace in investors' portfolios. Certain 
recent devetopmentsl^ustxbelievethatJapaniKw looks 
more attractive ihan'for sow time. - 

^ Warid oB prices have feflen significantly. As 
a huge importer of 03, Japan stands to 
gain from the foH of oil prices perhapsmore 
thaneny other industrialised nation. 

W The Japanese authorities are fooking to 
reduce interest rates and stimulate the 
domestic economy intohi^ergrowth.With 
mSatkm continuing to fall we also consider that the rise in 
real incomes will further encourage domestic expansion. 

Japaris longterm ccmimitmenttoindustrial 
IB growth and technologjcaJ development 
should, we cwisider; ensure thatitcontinues 
to rank high among the worlds leading economies. 

Since the launch of Target Japan Ptind in December 
19S2. ft has provided investors with an impressive 
return of over 230%* well above the average o£I80%.* 


The Manager of the Target Japan Fund has recently 
returned from Japan where he undertookanin depth study 
of potential investment opportunities, y— 

We have presented his findings in 
the form ofa foct sheet 
Iff receive your See copy, simply 
■ complete and return the -coupon 
below. If you have a professional f 
adviser and wish to invest in the 
Target Japan Ftind, we suggest / 
you contact him without delay. / s \ 

Remember, the price of units / . '^ s . 

and the income from them can A Nj 

go down as well as up. ./ U | 

fiflun’s taken from OPU- suufetux & 

jifji-r tr.i lud w* income irmnstva ~~ K 

Tn*si» Apniwai. . 

v Xv 

PJeuse send me a copy of the Thiget Japan Ftind ! ftef Sh«*. 


Same: — — 

N'ameor Professional Arlviser 

iu.nilHT.4 llltl'inl Trirt ASW4-WIK4I- : 




Buyingahomecanbealongand called ‘contract-race! can also provide bridging 

tortuous process. And it will certainly take some loans, personal loans and even 

I ndeed, at rimes it can seem as of the stress out of a very stressful house and contents insurance, 
though everyone is working period. _ A special offer, 

against you. Apart from the obvious advan- For a limited period, we won’t 

Thafs why we’ve set out to make tage of speed our service is also G g- er y OU a flexible mortgage, 

at least one link in the chain both very flexible. Well also offer you a cheaper 

flexible and fast a flexible mortgage. p a c k age. 

The mortgage. w e ^ offer you a repayment Because as a special offer; we’re 

A fast mortage. mortgage, endowment mortgage, not charging our normal .£125 

Often, for example, well give or a combination of both. arrangement fee on any application 

you an immediate on-the-spot How much you can borrow received before 30th June 1986- 

indication of whether or not we can depends of course on how much So if youd like a leaflet, just ask 

lend you what you need. you can aflbrd to repay. at your local Barclays branch. Well 

(Even if you need as much as "Wfe can take over your present be happy to help, even if you don’t 
£200,000) building society or bank mortgage bank with us. 

Then, once you’ve passed the so that you can take advantage of Strictly speaking, we can’t 
no rmal credit checks and your house our competitive service. promise everyone a mortgage, 

has been valued, well give you a Qust ask for a quotation.) But we can promise not to keep 

firm commitm ent Usually within Oi; if youd Eke to improve anyone hanging around waiting 

just a few days. your home by adding an extension for an answer 

Itfs the sort of service that or central heating, we can increase 
could keep you ahead in a so- your present mortgage. 


VfrittPt&tafs areawihtefamaiiybiairtofBaftita^orltaMMortHpSBCtinSOTlaisBankPtiliuOTHausftMSt&fWtin cowier 

by mtta-iritfd cw r are hensiMe buildme54tojrana tile also lequireatffdniCftBagB^afiatsywetihfe policy (or pctoes)suffoart to cover the oitstan^i^baianreonafepavinewiikxlg^wtopnwidereiiaaffnertolaneiidownientnwniaiie. 
t ' Barclay Bank PLC.Reti rto.1026167. Reg. Office: 54 Lombard Street London EC3P3AH.Uttimate hoWnig company: BafdOiS PLC. 

Time is money so 
pay someone else 
to do your chores 


— jr* " ■■ -i 

•s &„• gr >•* 


If lime is money are you using 
yours efficiently? Or do vou 
waste time — and therefore 
money — on household chores 
that could be done by some- 
one else? Many women da 

Marjorie Shaevitz, author 
of The Supennomen Syn- 
drome. observes that even 
highly paid working women 
are often reluctant to spend 
money on household services 
traditionally performed by 
women. “They reject hiring 
outside help with a passion 
that outweighs reasonable 

YeL she asks, why is it all 
right to hire a plumber to fix 
the loo if a husband can't or 
won’t, but not all right to hire 
someone to clean it if the wife 
can't or won't? 

Certainly there seems little 
sense in making a martyr of 

yourself if you could use the 
time normally spent on house- 
work earning more than, it 

would cost you to pay for a 

Sue Partridge from Barnet 
works part-time from home 
teaching English to foreigners. 

She charges £8 an hour. She 
employs a cleaning lady to 
come in once a week for four 
hours and pays her £10, plus 
60p for fares. 

A growing number 
of small 
bnsinesses that 
offer a 

cleaning service 

She says: “In that time the 
whole house gets done, cer- 
tainly as well as I would do it. 

But instead of doing four 
hours housework. I can do 

four hours teaching. Not only 
am I in pocket, but I am 
spending the time doing some- 

'our Own 

ersonal Portfolio 

of Stocks a nd Shar es I 


Now you con enjoy 

all the rewards and excitement of owning your 
own personal portfolio of shares, without the 
neeato monitor the markets yourself— and 
without you having to moke any of the crucial 
decisions about when to buy and when to sell. 



Simply choose the STOCKHOLDER 
PORTFOLIO SERVICE that suits you -and 
leave everything else to the experts at 
Lancashire ancTYorkshire Investment 
Management Limited. 

* Minimum only £2,000 

* You receive full records of all transactions 

* All vour investments held by The Royal Bank 
of Scotland pic, as custodian 

Phone 0 1 -935 5566 NOW for details - phone 
lines open all weekend -or send for your 
brochure today. 

fytM MS® fJOK' ««<). r*d.> MtK 9W* JMW ~*V*- »(- 

* To: Loncoshiro & YorUhire Investment Manaaemeni T|: * * 
i Limited. 73Wimpole Street, London W1M7DD. $ 

5 Tel- 01 -935 556o 

J PIeose send me, withou I obligation . full details of your $ 

* y 

l NAME * 




; sr\ 

* (vJy Laneashife&ybrkshiw 

i™ -rs' «■> 

MK* <*«* :w»* ■raw' 


our rate for larger 





12 - 6 ; 


Trie Cheltenham Goldloan rate for 
endowment or pension linked mortgages is 
currently 11.75% typical APR 12.6%. 
Compare that with the rates offered by other 
leading building societies and banks and 
you’ll see just how competitive Cheltenham 
Goldloan is. 

Loans are available for mortgages of 
£30,000 or more, including remortgage 
arrangements. Naturally security will be 
required for the loan and the rate may vary. 

For full written details simply complete 
and return the FREEPOST coupon or, if it’s 
more convenient, call into your nearest 

C&G branch. 

I To: Cheltenham ft Gloucester Building Society, 

1 FREEPOST, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire GLH) IBR. 

Please send me full written details on Cheltenham Goldloan. 

I Name. 



. Postcode , 

Chettenh a m&Gbucester 

Over 160 branches throughout the UK. See ’fellow Pages. 

thing I like, rather than some- 
thing 1 loathe.” 

Employing a dally — or a 
oace-a-weekly — is the tradi- 
tional way of paying for 
household help. But there are 
a growing number of small 
businesses which offer the 
kind of service that would suit 
the woman who can cope with 
the day-to-day chores, but has 
neither the time nor the 
inclination to tackle major 
ones, like spring cleaning. 

rail on The Clean Team, 
for instance, and a team of 
three women, clad in red 
tracksuits, will turn up in their 
own van armed with all the 
necessary cleaning materials 
and equipment Not only will 
thev sweep, vacuum, dust, 
dean loos and bathrooms, and 
wash your floors, but they will 
also clean inside your cup- 
boards, cooker and fridge. 

The company, which is 
based in Belsize Park, north 
London, charge £20 + VAT 
per hour and say that to spring 
clean a four-bedroomed house 
usually takes about four 

Another company which 
offers a spring cleaning service 
is Feather Dusters, based in 
'Wimbledon and operating in 
most of central London. They 
give individual estimates for 
each job but spring cleaning 



a X 

i * 


Jack of all trades: Mark Cline of Jobs Unlimited who will change your plugs, pnt q> shdrw and price e*&joliffldWaBaflf . 

Be flexible and 
think carefully 
about the sort 
of domestic 
help yon need 

prices start from about £150. 
They can also “spring clean” 
your garden and can supply a 
handyman to do odd jobs. 

If you can find a local 
handyman who will work by 
the hour or the day, rather 
than by the job, he can work 
out far cheaper than calling 
out individual tradesman to 
deal with a series of problems. 

Christine Parris, of Hadley 
Wood. Hertfordshire, pays her 
handyman £55 a day. 

She says: “I save up lots of 
little jobs, then call him in. 
Last time he was here he 
painted the part of the landing 
that I couldn’t reach without a 
very tall ladder, he fitted locks 
to all our windows, he fixed a 
leaking radiator, he put a light 
in the garage, he mended a 
broken door and a light fitting 
in the hallway. 

“Even if my husband bad 
been able to do all the work 
himself it would have taken 
far longer than a day, and 
calling in a plumber, a carpen- 
ter, a painter and an electri- 
cian would have been far more 

One such handyman is 
Mark Cine who has set up 
Jobs Unlimited which oper- 
ates in and around the Isling- 
ton area of north London. 

He says: “I do the kind of 
work that most builders con- 
sider too small — putting up 

shelves or curtain rails, 
plumbing in a washing ma- 
chine or adding an extra 
power point. 1 price each job 
individually, but I work on a 
basis of £7.50 an hour.” 

need a daily but it might be an 
idea to pay someone to do 
your ironing, or make your 
curtains. Kathy Wise, of 
Finchley, says: “f hate swing 
and even making a pair of 

pinched curtains cost me only 
£20 to have made up, and u 
was money well spent” 
Gardening, too, is some- 
thing people generally love or 
loathe. One person’s retax- 

When considering the ques- 
tion of paying someone el se to 
take over some of the domes- 
tic chores, be flexible. Maijo- 
rie Shaevitz says: “Many 
women are inhibited about 
buying help because they 
think too big.” 

Maybe you do not really 

curtains, which are relatively 
simple, takes me forever. So I 
pay someone to do it for me. 

“She charges by the width, 
not the length, so fully lined 
curtains cost from £3 to £5 a 
width, depending on the kind 
of tape used- A pair of doubte- 
‘ width, fully lined permanently 

ation is another's chore. Tins 
is an area where an increasing 
n amber ofsmall firms are now- 
offering “spring deans” or 
more regular maintenance. 

The York Garden Centre, m 
Palmers Green, north Lon- 
don, for example, not only 
handles contracts for estate- 

agents and the like, but also 
keep private gardens looking 
spick and span. 

They will trim ireev prune 
roses, weed, dSgflower beds, 
edge the lawns and cot the 
grass and dear away any 
garden rubbish for £&50 an 
hour. . 

Of coarse,, prices’fer all 
these services vary from area 
id area. But if you begrudge 
the hours you spend On do- 
inestic drudgery, and particu- 
larly if you could use those 
boms to do something more 
profitable or enjoyable, then 
perhaps it is time you did 
some sums. It could pay 
someone dse to do your 

■ The dean Tone 586 0005 

■ Feather Dusters: 942 0368 

■ York Garden Centre: 346 

■ Jobs Unlimited: 359 3070 

Lee Rod well 


What it costs to spend 

Guess who charges you most 
for drawing a cheque? All who 
bank with the Post Office 
National Giro Bank wQl know 
the answer became Giro’s 
customers pay a hefty 75p a 
time if they ran 19 an 

The cheapest is Save ft 
Prospers Classic account 
where there are no hank 
charges unless the balance on 
your account falls below the 
£1,000, in which case there is a 
flat fee of £2 a month. In 
addition, SftP pays you 8.75 
per cent interest on your credit 

Of the high street banks 
Lloyds and MfrUand are 
cheaper than Barclays and 

National Westminster. Lloyds 
charges only 20p for writing a 
cheque when yon are over- 
drawn - but you also get 
charged 20p when yon pay 
money in, whereas Midland 
charges you 28p for writing 
cheques when you are over- 
drawn but nothing when you 
pay money into your account. 

Co-op and the TSB don't 
come out too well in the 
comparison (pot together by 
SftP), charging 36p and 3Sp 
respectively for writing 
cheques when yon are over- 
drawn. Copies of the guide can 
be obtained from Save ft 
Prosper, I Finsbury Avenue, 
London EC2M 2QY (01-588 

The Norwich Union 
Life Insurance Society 

GENERAL MEETING of this Society will be held at 
the Society's Offices, Surrey Street Norwich 
on Tuesday 13th May 1986 at 1145 a.m. for the 
transaction of the following business— 

To receive and consider the Reports of the 
Directors and Auditors and the Accounts for 1985. 

To elect Directors in the place of those retiring. 

To appoint Auditors and to authorise the Directors 
to fix their remuneration. 

Dated this 11th day of April 1986. 

By order of the Board 
Surrey Street 




plan now for savings) 

Wb can show you how to save money: 
-whether yen are a parent or grandparent, 
wbedier you warn to pay from capital or income, 
whaher you are planning ahead or have left it late. 

SprtUta* ta ofaool tec ptawtaf far mr 3D pan 
JO Queen Street. Maidenhead SL6 UA- 
Phoae (0628) 34291 

keguamd hun g Union mad 


Please pan tie ywr fitc booklet which cqptaA* Iww 
a I can mm ifae cost of school fees. 

■ 1am Qaparcnun a gjandponat, other (dative or friend. 




■ Return 10 5FIA Lid. FREEPOST. Maidenhead SLA Q8Y _ T4af. 


HL*- i 


me £500 W 


Mm Gm« 1 
Egantew M 


Mil- 1 

|X= 1 




9-2B?- i 

1-41 £ i 

Stannum tamtnxm £500 


r(^SqoMa«tai9>JMcJhwZBVM|«r Mntn dlr l i nuww ifcfl 

Mi «d Oa c e lW h a ha»o i l faaM.h N MN *a 8«BL 
Ttfcpbom (0705) 8833 U. 

hrtgmouth Bundin g Society 




Untangle your tax affairs now in time for your next tax 
return - and save yourself a lot of time and effort 
Of course it’s not easy to find your way through the 
labyrinth of tax laws. Why not let our experienced 
RoyTrust specialists help you and: 

• You'll never pay the Inland Revenue a penny more than 
you owe. 

• You may never fill in another tax form. 

• Your assessments will be carefully reviewed and ail 
reliefs claimed. 

• Advice will be given on the timing of all your tax 

Royal Trust, established in London in 1929, is the UK banking 
arm of The Royal Trust Company of Canada, with assets under 
management, on behalf of corporations, pension funds and 
personal clients, exceeding £30 billion worldwide. 

RoyT rust Financial 
Services Limited 
Royal Trust House 
48/50 Cannon Street 
London EC4N6LD 
Tel: 01-2366044 




The Board of the Fund announce the following 
unaudited results for the | 
ended 25th March, : 

Graft Revenae lor period 

Net (Deficit) Revenue (after 
famMtdwgKf. witttaldhir rexes 

C wmwtad w 
Mod Mod 

1.ML85lo25-3b86 UOMtoUSS 
US$181,886 LS$22f.825 

of aqr dMdendsand defka/awptus 

b/fwd bam previous period) US8(I7J6H 

Inttrim dividend dedned per share None 



Special dividend dedwed per Am None 
U»Cd aufontfabsorbed by fatten/ 
spec ial dividend N3 

Ex dividend date - 

BodUemSInndialdecfofraoofd - — 
Dividend n^meni dale — 



Net asset value per USStLSsbare 








fat April, B86 

For and on behalf of the Board 


As Administrators Of the Fund 

Westbourae, The Grange, St R?ter Rwi, Guernsey, GL 


To: John Edwards, RoyTrust Financial Services Ltd. 
FREEPOST. Royal Trust House, 48/50 Cannon Street, 
London EC484RT. (No stamp required in the UK) 


Please send me by return, a copy of tha RoyTrust Persona 
Tax Advisory Service brochure. 


□ Please telephone me/my secretary* to arrange an 



B.F.S. TAY RF.F1FF I9S6/8 - 


to trade as 

The CharterGroup P&rtoRTftiip 

£1.25 PER SHARE. 

* An exdttegopportnnity do participate, for die first 


* Directors are investing on the sane tarns with 

* Sdreme well received by the acaxmta^ 

.Tel. No_ 

L TwtettasappteablB. t 



(a member of NASDW) 

7 Cavendish Square, London W1M 9HA 
■telephone 01-631 3015 




Sean Geer, a recent graduate, gives a view from personal experience of how to live on a grant 

Why a loan may be the last thing you need 


Mgch Ea* been written of the- 
difficulties 'of living on a 
student grant. Though" life, at 
college can involve financial 
problems, . the- situation is 
often , made ' easter, by the 
willingness, of banks to lend 
what may be large, sums of 
money.. . v . .. 

- This is often, dan ge r o u s in 
the fang ran. Payment of a big 
overdraft once college days mtt; 
over isa depressing and often 
impossible project “ . 

AB inatt, atis sensible to jgy 
to keep wit hin the 'limits 
imposed by,: the size of. the 
grant .Many students would . 
claim this is just not possible. 

•' Yet it can be done, provided 
one is prepared. to make a few 
sacrifices. Students are in- 
creasingly following examples 
set by the unemployed, where 
low income forces . them, to 

show remarkable resourceful- 
ness when ft comes to Hving 

Of the items most impor- 
tant in keeping alive, renris 
probably the most expensive. 
The only way to reduce costs 
on this front is to apply to the 
local council for a rent rebate. 
Unfortunately, students re- 
ceiving a grant and paying less 
than £15.75 a week in rent do 
not qualify (in London 
£20.80), and even those pay- 
ing more than this often get 
nothing. - 

' Even so, it is -well worth 
applying anyway, especially 
for those on a low grant Every 
case is assessed individually 
during term time and you may 
well .qualify for something. 
From 1987-88, however, 
housing benefit will be with- ; 
drawn if the proposals go 

Vegetarianism is one of the 

sa v&xue N ecomics, a pm 


Ltfe-'LDhft iMmth/fffFiwni? 

A O O 

firet refuges of impecunious 
students. It is a thoroughly 
practical way of saving mon- 
ey. Beans and pulses' m their 
myriad forms are cheap and 
healthy and can be stored 
.almost indefinitely. This 
makes them suitable for bulk- 
buying and hence more sav- 

Vegetables as a whole, espe- 
cially roots and the ubiquitous 
potato, are cheap and can 
provide a . diet of enormous 
variety. The savings can be 
great — two friends have cut 
-their food hill to about £5 a 
week between them without 
enduring a moment’s hunger. 
There are other inescapable 
expenditures. The most signif- 
icant of these is electricity. 
Electricity lulls have a nasty 
habit of turning up at the end 
of term. They can reach truly 
frightening proportions with- 

out the user being aware of ft. 

After years . of living at 
home, ft is inevitable that such 
tilings as electricity are taken 
for granted, but it is vital to 
appreciate how expensive it is. 

The best way of reducing 
the cost is simply to avoid flats 
with electric fires, cookers or 
storage heaters. These all eat 
up money at an astonishing 
rate. Gas is a much cheaper 
(and warmer) alternative — 
you are much less likely to end 
up with a bill for £300-plus 
which you cannot pay. 

It is also worth remember- 
ing that electricity boards are 
very good at tracking down 
non-payers and are always 
prepared to go to court, so 
moving out is not a solution! 

There are many other ele- 
ments of a student’s life which 
are equally important but on 
which it- is more difficult to 

economize. Such things as bus 
feres are unavoidable without 
serious risk of felling foul of 
the law. But a visit to a student 
travel office will yield valuable 
information about season 

Concert tickets, records and 
pub crawls are an important 
part of student life and the 
cost must be borne according- 
ly. Money can be saved in less 
obvious ways, however. 

Text books, for example, are 
very expensive, especially sci- 
entific manuals, and although 
their purchase is universally 
recommended by lecturers it 
is often tinnecesrary. Library 
facilities at all universities and 
colleges are extensive, and 
several copies of recommend- 
ed books can usually be found. 
There will always be some that 
are worthwhile investments, 
particularly less specialized 

ones that may cover the entire 
scope of a course. Neverthe- 
less. it is very important to be 
fully acquainted with all the 
services of the library — it mas- 
save you pounds on books you 
may barely use. 

On a less academic level 
home-brewed beer and home- 
made wine are potentially 
great money-savers. Students 
are not generally noted for 
their teetotal virtues. Alcohol 
accounts in some cases for a 
large chunk of the grant. 
Home brewing is a very cheap 
way of guaranteeing that 
much needed drink after a 
hard evening's work. 

With the advent of kits such 
as those sold by Boots, the 
process is incredibly quickand 
simple — a minimum of 
expertise has excellent results. 
Initial expenditure on the 
necessary equipment may be 

in 12 months 

Even were surprised. When we launched our Special Opportunities Fund, 
we had high hopes. .We’ve exceeded them. 

In the last 12 months it’s grown by 60.5%* thanks to our special formula. 

Our special formula. 

We search out smaller companies with good management and a strong 
balance sheet. We go for under-researched companies before they become 
fashionable. Often, they have lost favour with the market and are undervalued. 
But not by us. 

We always try. ‘to get to know the company well. It gives us a better insight 
into how the company is run, and likely future developments. 

We believe that knowing what to leave alone is as important as knowing 
what to buy. For example, we took the fond out of technology stocks in 1984, 
and stayed out during 1985. 

We stick to what we know best and we actively manage. We keep to our 
principles. Our approach seems to have worked. 

For future success. 

Can we pfomise to match this performance in the future? Certainly not. 
In feet, the price of units and the income from them can go down as well as up 
and past performance i$ never any guarantee of the future. 

But prospects in the UK are good. Opportunities abound, and we intend 

to consistently apply our philosophy. [ TR SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES FUND jf| 

We’re wholly invested in ’ ~ .... .. .... - 


real f 


the UK. We know 7 that its 
economy is set for more 
growth. / 

Possibilities in takeovers, 
recovery stocks, undervalued assets 
and in production innovation are 
great. So we) see many buying 
opportunities in today’s markets. 

In feet, we’re bullish about the 
outlook for substantial growth. 

Consult your professional 
adviser or invest directly by 
completing the form opposite. 

We’re applying our skills 

right now. Its a special opportunity 

for vou. 


„ jafflorv 1883, TR Special Opportunities Fund has risen 

To: Touche Remnant Unit Trust Management Limited, 

Tel: 0800 289300 (Linkline) or 01-248 1250 (Dealing only). 

Surname (Mr/Mrv'Miss). 

first Name(s) 


iHHICkL tin lisnj.ul I 

1,'We wish to invest £„ 


.(minimum £500) in 

TR Special Opportunities Fund at the oiler price ruling 
on the date of receipt of this application. 

Signature Date. 


Please make cheque parable to Touche Remnant Unit Trust 
Management Limited. 

(In the case of joint applications, all applicants must 
sign and attach their names and addresses). 


Please tick box for rvimestment of net distributions LJ 
Please send me information about: 

Other TR Unit Trusts EH Share Exchange EH Savings Plan EH 




2 Source: Unit Trust Management. April 1986. Oiler to bid. 
net income reinvested. 12 months to 1st March 1986. 


^ Tr * ; ?^ , ^Slni^M^<^stocte"nwFuxJispiedoiTNnartfivrnv93»«l 

EtSae erased « unfcJgJjSjSSl 5 m «3n ot special opport uni ties mov ereeaa 

OT receipt of your instructions and certificates-*^ 
06 be forward*) wrtnm 10 flays 
LintearedM “ ,,ldariyand ****** 

at team# Ot rerwunceu 

andvleid are punished in i^ctmqnal tonal newspapers. For your gwaa nee ttieutlerpncecrt 
unitsan Thursday loth April 1986 was O&Gpwitn an e&maied current {puss yeti of 298%- An 
initial charge of 5 1 * is included in the pnee of Units. An annual charge of t*. plus VAT of ire value 
of the Funds is deducted monthly from gross income ana s eaten imo account in the estimated 
annual yield, income distnoutions will he paid half-yearly net of basic rate tax on 31st March 
30th September Hamunefafion wolf be paid lo authorised adinsers by the Managers and 
qaes h? available on request Managers: Touche Remnant Unit Trust Management Limited. 
Mermaid House, 2 Puddle Dock. London EC4V 3AT. (Reg Office] Registered Number 
7Q2332 Member of the Unit Trust' Association. Trustee- The Royal Bank ot Scotland pic. 

less than £10. Although your 
living room may not have 
quite the atmosphere of the 
local pub. doing it yourself can 
keep the spirits up when the 
bank balance is shrinking. 

Commonsense approaches 
such as these, can save a lot of 
money. There are plenty of 
less conventional ones which 
are generally a product of 
individual skill and ingenuity. 
The most secure way to 
supplement the grant is to get 
an evening or pan-time job. 
This is not always possible, as 
every other impecunious stu- 
dent may be doing the same 
thing. So alternatives are 
sought keenly. 

Busking is popular in many 
areas and, although frowned 
upon by the law. can bring in 
welcome extra pounds. 

Pavement artists are always 
popular with the public and 
can make a killing in busy 
shopping precincts. 

Obviously, none of these 
measures is going to allow 
spending sprees in clothes 
shops and restaurants. But it is 
certainly true that by adopting 
some of them in whole or in 
part, it is possible to save quite 
a lot of money. 

Compromise is the impor- 
tant thing. 


Anew specialist publishing company 
focussing on the preparanoo. 
presentation and 
O enjoyment of food 

Issueunder the BES. of one million shares of £1 each ai par. 
payable in full not later than April 30th 1386 

The minimum subscription has already been achieved 

Major features include: 

An experienced and successful team including Robert Chmer. 
Paul Lezer (formerly of Mrchelin) and Roy Ackerman of Kennedy 

A new style of annual food guide wnh complementary recipe 
books by Roy Ackerman and Robert Carrier. 

A book, based cn a new senes far leteviaon, on the history of 
parin g habits. It will be backed by comprehensive marketing and 

Sponsored br 



(Licensed Oealera ui secunuesi 

25/26 Albemarle Street London W1X4AD0 1-493 9899 

This adveruseaen i does nor constitute an cl.'er to s •jtscabe ter shaies 

To: Close Registrars Ltd BCG High Road Leyton E 10 7 AA 
Please send with can obligation a copy of the prospectus. 




Please nek this box ifyou would Ui® 10 be placed on our | — | 
mailing list far ftirtner BES issues I I 


Clerical Medical 

Japan GrowthTrust 

Substantially lower oil prices should provide 
significant benefits to die already flourishing 
Japanese economy. As one of the world’s major oil 
importers, Japan can now look forward to stiD lower 
inflation, reduced production costs and increased 
demand at home. 

The attractive, long-term fundamentals ofa 
diverse, high volume, technology- led industrial base 
are now enhanced by the prospects of increased 
competitiveness overseas and a re-stimulated 
domestic market. 

For the investor who takes a considered view of 
these opportunities, the Clerical Medical japan 
Growth Trust ofius an appropriate investment w 

t vehicle. 

Ftps On Potential 

The Trust aims to achieve capital growth by 
investing in Japanese domiciled companies which have 
die potential to provide above-average returns. The 
portfolio features not only securities which reflect the 
fundamental strengths of dominant technology-based 
industries but also those which stand to benefit from 
expected improvements in the domestic sector. In 
addition stoats may be purchased in the Tokyo 
Over- che-Counter Market 

Currant income is nor an important consideration- 

Well Founded Expertise 

Clerical Medical Unit Trust Managers Limited is a 
subsidiary of Clerical MedicaL a mutual society with a 
record of safely and successfully managing diems' 
money since 1824. 

Funds under management approach £3,000 

Howl) Invest 

Launched on March 1st 1986 at 25p, units in the 
trust on April 9th 1986 had an Offer Prire of 27.2p 
with an estimated gross yield of 0.9%. Units will be 
allocated at the offer price ruling on receipt of the 
application. Minimum initial investment in the fond is 
£500 but thereafter you can add amounts of £250 
upwards to your holding. 

By Telephone - Units can be bought by 
tdephoning the Managers' Dealing line (Free Linkline 
0800 3“ 3 393). Settlement will be required on receipt 
of die Contract Note. 

By Post - Units can be bought by sending a 
completed coupon and cheque to the Managers. 

Please remember that the price of units and the 
income from them may go down as well as up. • 
You should look upon your investment as long 


I'nic flrux* and "idJntc Volts- Thcpnxr* <•! itmis jnd ;hc jtcJJ J/r (vWcvhoi 
dull m Thx- miwnh I h*HI iiHininiUMmpli 
trunpltir ihr rnJorxrniriH .fti 'hr hixL •rit.«ir(«mthjic -xjtdiriutnii '■•'hr 
•ILnuiirrs. Vu will inn' ihr n*H Bhl VjJir >ri j-rut uni. nJinpun ihc Jji 
luin Ccndfcair (raxhc" in. md j ihnjur w ill m>rmalh he nnx jnlrd wahm 
-*nm Wi-flmp Jj'sui ircnpi nl ihr Uni Citlilwie. 

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mdjiunniuliiuieri'i I N pin* VST 'm amunihh rj ihr ijlue- -I ihr 

turn] |i lirdainJ H'mt* ihr Trail '«■ nirri ihr ojwrve* of ike Tf-dtc- and 

The TnM Deed prrniis j raivmum mil ul i hjrxi And j maximum 

jjmiijIih.iTpr.* plir. VYT Ihjiyr-.jn.-nti hi jIict .1 mumhC 
• rmni'im in unnhi>U,Tv 

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juiiaiuiiolh imur.icJ jnd (rilr.ird tr Har I nil INi^r. L*n 1 ilh 

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nJlin.tmxiRink I'mi 1 Ennuxo w ill ririulli hr r.nnl wurluitg 
dn - ul irxxipi 1 'immnn 

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BN’ ‘HH Rrgnlcreri (Wlw-li *1. bneti vjujic. linxin 1VII 
-« J1 . Rmhlrrcxl Nix I" IWM, 

Trailer- MiJLmd RjnL lnixi ( . rnirum Lunnrd. II Old jewn. LmuSm 




Clroi.4 MnhtjJl'mi T nisi Mailmen. Umacd. 

RepxiiTAl\4i imiMi. 

Metnlvrol the L'ne Truxt .L.uxtnrfl. 

A whdli- owneJ -J AraJurx ■« l.lefuL 
Medicri JnJ Crtvaal Lilr A.x>wanrt Sami; 
Njho» - Hutu Bmiul iifH- li^ephimL' U2~J Wbs 

Invest Here 



Mondjy - Fnd jy *)jm - 5pm. 

T)V DfACT Tii:C IcrvjIMrJjxjll'nii Tni'i\LinjcrTxLmmini 

1 ''Si.- widi tn imcxJ £ itninimiim i 500! in the 

Clcrixal Meilkjl Japan C.r.m.ih Tnixi at rtie pnxr ruling im rexWjn i«r 
mi L-hcxjue. flcaw xenJ me Jiuih «ii: 

Share L\thanp; bchcfflc □ t'niilruif Hjn □ 

SunumciMr Mr* Mt»C 

HI ■ H k I XIII w 

Full FwcMim?x 

-Axlitnrri- i ifc. 



P InM (itSloki 



I-.TT 1 - »<Jt- .>WI 1 hr- - IX. i 

LitdiJ-n-rjiili |lr. i-ihi i*.«4i - exf-i 

I.. . HK .1 -lx H-1> -IHI. !l rj„.j 

• V I 





The Argyll Offer values Distillers’ shares 
at 760p - 50p more than their current market 
value. If you want to know why you should 
accept the Argyll Offer, call James Gulliver by 
dialling 100 and asking for Freefone Argyll - 

If you have any difficulties filling in your 
Acceptance Form, call the Argyll Helpline 
on (031) 556 7761 or (031) 558 125Z 

If you have accepted the Guinness Offer, 
and now wish to withdraw, complete and return 
the withdrawal form. If you require assistance, 
or a new form, call the Argyll Helpline on 
(031) 556 7761 or (031) 558 1252 for advice. 

*AigpB reserve [he righc lo extend this offer until April 18* 





)rf> Ai I 

‘ • V ' 


5fc?f25 W“- 



“The currency madcets have 
gone totally crackers, especial- 
ly over the last few days.” 

.That is not the despair of an 
uncomprehending outsider, 
but the considered drcmm of a 
professional investment man- 
ager who plays the foreign 
exchange markets with money 
from ineinvestizigpubGa. .- 

It seems that the days of that 
once fashionable disease, the 
total allergy syndrome, may 
notbeeatirely over, at least on 
tbcforeign exchanges. 

^Cmrendes like steriiqg are 
reacting incredibly sensitively 
to just about everything. 
There’s been extra uncertainty 
created by the recent realigxF- 
raent of the currencies in the 
European .Monetary System, 
notably the German tnark and 
the French franc,” adds PauL 
Talbot, manager of Brown 
Shipley's managed currency 

But where does that leave 
the ordinary members of the 
public who- have money com- 
mitted on the foreign ex- -. 
changes through the device of 
managaH currency funds? 

Managed currency funds 
are the small investor’s way of 
putting money into foreign 
currencies without having to 
pay over the odds. A mini- 
mum commitment of £500 to 
a currency fond means that 
your money win be converted 
into whatever currencies the 
manager thinks fit. And the . 
conversion rates will be 
“wholesale" — they win hot 
suffer the fat commissions 
that tourists have to pay in the - 
high street banks. 

Of course, your money will " 
be earning interest for you, 
whether it has been convened 
into francs, Deutschmarks or 

When the time comes to 
withdraw, the manag er will 
convert your holding back 
into pounds, and you will 
have made money if the other 
currencies have appreciated 
against sterling or if the 
interest earned is great 

If you give your money to a 
manager he or she win take an 
initial fee of 3 to 5 per cent, 
plus an annual charge of 
anything between 0.75 and 2 
per cent. The central idea of 
making money from money is 
that the manager switches 
from currency to currencyjust 



Law Report April 12 1986 Divisional Court 

gone crackers 

before the market adjusts the 
values. So the ideal , is to buy 
cheaply and seif ax the top cif 
the cycle. 

. For example, if your hold- 
ing had bam convened to 
dollars a couple of years ago 
the best time to buy pounds 
.would have been in February 
last year when a pound cost 

just $1-03. If you sold pounds 
now you would get 40 percent 
more dollars' for your money. 
It's all very- easy with 

The stock market's move- 
ments have been compared to 
those of a lunatic in a lift, and 
the foreign exchanges are tra- 
ditionally even more volatile. 
But -currency fund managers 
.hold themselves, but as ex- 

franc weaker. Did the profes- 
sionals anticipate that? 

“We expected ft to happen," 
says Phillip Saunders of 
Guinness Mahon, “but we 
were slightly surprised by the 
timing of h. 

“When tire franc went down 
we were just 5 per cent 
committed, with a fer larger 
exposure to the mark. Now we 
can expect a little more from 
the franc, we've moved up to a 
20 per cent stake. But our 
main currency is still the 
mark. We see no reason for 
any strategic switch from 
mark to franc.” 

Tyndall’s currency fund in- 
vestment consultant, Simon 
Hard, was a little more re- 
served; “We had sold out of 
francs back into the pound 

. Currency funds - returns on £1,000 

Best and wont performers at April 1, 1988 

Over 3 yi* - Beet 

(E) Over 1 year 

NEU Sterling Mgd 1.884 Gus 


Guinness Mahon Inti 1,677 Guinness 

Royal Bank of Canada 1,455 NEU Ste 

HID Samuel '. 1,447 Brown 

Vanburgh Curr. Fnd 1,480 Phoenix 

Guinness Mahon 
Gbl Stray 

hrinness Mahon Inti 
NEU SterUra Mgd 
Brown Shipley 
Phoenix Inti Cure. 

Schroder \ 
Brown Shif 


Bermuda Inti 
Tyndall Mgd 
Curr.& Goid($) 








‘Prices shown arBoftor to offer. Income ro-tovostod 

perts, able to predict what will 

; . it is interesting to see what 
. the professionals made of the 
revaluation - of the 
■Deutschmark, and the 
downgrading of the franc this 
week. Both these currencies 
are members of the European 
Monetary System, unlike 

The idea of the EMS is to 
keep the currencies in a frame- 
work, and so Airly stable, in 
relation to one another. They 
can floataround alittle, but no 
more than 2J5 per cent either 
side of a set, mid rate. The 
result of negotiations in the 
Netherlands was a 3 per cent 
rise for the Deutschmark and 
a drop of the same amount for 
the franc in the mid rates. The 
markets reacted '.slightly 
against the .new values at first, 
but the Deutschmark is now 
generally stronger and the 

before the realignment We're 
now around- 30 per cent 
committed to francs for our 
sterling fund.” 

For some the realignment 
made little difference. Mr 
Talbot has an aggressive in- 
vestment policy for his Brown 
Shipley fund: 

He says; “It's a relatively 
small fond, of some £200,000, 
but that gives us the advantage 
of being very flexible. We are 
100 per cent committed to the 
mark, and we were before the 
changes. We take a view and 
go with our currency naps. 
Obviously, we're delighted at 
the strengthening of the 

The EMS happenings were 
of even less interest to Chris 
Cheetham, manager of the 
Vanburgh currency fond. His 
strategy centres on the pound 
and the dollar, playing the one 
against the other, and as such 

Justices should not go for view alone 

“the events in Ootmarsum 
weren't really significant — we 
don't commit that much mon- 
ey to the European 

Now the surprise; Although 
currency funds invest in a 
notoriously quixotic market 
(which is why the Department 
of Trade will not allow them 
to be authorized unit trusts), 
they are not really speculative 
investments at alL The table 
shows rather modest perfor- 
mances, even from those who 
got it light. 

An average improvement of 
9 per cent, barring the excep- 
tionally poor performance of 
Forexfund, the worst funds 
have managed to lose just 7 
per cent of their diems’ mon- 
ey before charges are 

The managers may chop 
and change their portfolios of 
currencies and the various 
instruments they use, such as 
bonds, cadi deposits, etc, but 
they do not seem to stay very 
well ahead of the market. The 
manager of top performer 
Guinness Mahon, Phillip 
Saunders, admits: “The per- 
formance of currency funds as 
a whole is chequered.” You 
may wish to interpret that as a 
charming euphemism for “ 
not particularly good”. 

So should you do it your- 
self? Perhaps have a punt 
using self-managed vehicles 
called multi-currency depos- 
its? These schemes do not 
have front end charges, but 
will cost you between 0.25 and 
I per cent annually. 

The currency fond manag- 
ers say not. Thinking of . the 
charges, Mr Hard says: “Obvi- 
ously I've an axe to grind, but 
to deal in currencies you need 
to follow the madcets on a 
day-to-day basis, and have 
your own view of currencies, 
interest rates and relative 
value for money." 

Mr Cheetham at Vanburgh 
asks: “Would you try to build 
your own car? It is a specialist 
skill.” The very idea, accord- 
ing; to Mr Saunders, is 1 

Currency funds are an in- 
vestment conundrum in that 
they perform unexcitiiigly in 
extremely speculative mar- 1 
kets. Furthermore, according 
to the managers, to deal in 
these markets requires a high 
level of sophistication — the 
sort of skills a psychiatrist 
might need to deal with 
someone who is thoroughly 

Parry v Boyle 

Before Lord Justice Glidewell 
and Mr Justice Scbiemann 
[Judgment given April 10] 

Where justices determined to 
view -the scene of an alleged 
offence which they wen: trying, 
because they believed it was 
right and helpful so to da they 
should not normally do so 
without being accompanied by 
the parties and their legal 

The justices should allow the 
parties the opportunity to com- 
ment thereafter on what they 
saw. and therefore the view 
should occur at some time 
before the conclusion of the 

The Queen’s Bench Di- 
visional Court so held when it 
dismissed the prosecutor’s ap- 
peal against the decision of 
Bromsgrove Justices on June 
II, J985. when they dismissed 
an information charged against 
Marion Josephine Boyle of driv- 
ing without due care and atten- 
tion, contrary to sections 3 and 
177 of the Road Traffic Act 
1972, as amended by section 21 
of the Road Traffic Act 1974. 

Mr Graham Cliff for the 
prosecutor Mr Roger D. H. 
Smith for the defendant 

WELL said that it was not 
disputed that the defendant had 


1000 Hfiit The Thing 1 Z 2 S 0 B 
CK»e(to«MiilTV WALES; No variation. 
TCUf As London except lUXtem 
Gus HoneyOun fU»-12J» 
Freeze Frame 2i5pm-2.45 Smurfs 
5.05 Newsporr 507-605 BtocJdXKterc 
KL3B Flm: The Thing TZ2Sam Post- 
script. Cknedown. 

GRAMPIAN Aa London ex- 

cepe 11 h0m-12J» 
Greatest American Hero SdSpio- 
5 .3 S Blockbusters 1030 Flm: The Thing 
1205am Reflections. Ctoeodown. 

border ^jgSSWS^mt 

American Hero 2.15pm- 2. *5 Profec- 
tore £05-505 Dreams HL30 Mm: The 
Thug 12rSam Closedown. 

GRANADA AsLon * snax ‘ 

cepb IT JSem-ttllO 

driven into the wrong carriage- 
way on a dual carriageway, and 
that an accident had occurred 

l he justices had evidence 
from photographs taken during 
dayjjgbi of ibe road approaching 
the dual carriageway. The ac- 
cident had occurred at night. 

At the conclusion of the 
prosecution evidence, the defen- 
dant gave no evidence. The 
justices informed the parties 
that they proposed to view the 
scene, and it had to be implied 
that if either party wished to 
accompany them then the jus- 
tices would have acceded to that 

Neither party so indicated 
and the justices, having visited 

the scene, dismissed the 
information since the road signs 
were inadequate to indicate 
there was a dual carriageway 
His Lordship said that the 
justices had made a view and 
nothing else: it was to supple- 
ment the oral evidence and the 
photographs, and broadly 
speaking, they had complied 
with the principles set out in 
Sa/sbun' v Woodland (119701 1 
QB 324. 343-344). 

Although that case related to a 
civil matter, the principles 
should be adopted generally 
Here.there had been an im- 
plied invitation to the parties to 
accompany the justices. 
However, it was undesirable 

for justices to view the scene 
without the parties present since 
it was possible that some feature 
of the locality might have 
altered, and justices might see 
something which impressed 
them but which the panics 
would not have seen and been 
able to evaluate. 

In any event, the justices had 
directed themselves properly on 
the law and made conclusions 
which a reasonable bench of 
justices would have reached on 

Mr Justice Scbiemann agreed. 

Solicitors: Sharpe Pritchard & 
Co for Mr B. G. Coase, Worces- 
ter John McCormack St Co. 

Entering UK on a false passport 

Regina v Secretary of State for 
the Home Department, Ex 
pane Patel 

An applicant who on entering 
the United Kingdom presented 
to the immigration officer a 
passport and entry clearance 
which had been fraudemly ob- 
tained had, in those circum- 
stances, made a representation 
which he knew to be false or did 
not believe to be true within 
section 2U 1 Kc) of the Immigra- 
tion Act 1971. 

Mr Justice Webster so held in 

the Queen's Bench Division on 
March 26 when dismissing an 
application for a writ of habeas 

HIS LORDSHIP said that in 
R v Secretary of State for the 
Home Department, Ex parte 
Addo ( The Times April 18. 
1985). Mr Justice Hodgson de- 
cided that a person who pre- 
sented his passport to an 
immigration officer on entering 
this country, if he said nothing, 
was making no representation 


Continued from page 39 

Rater 600-7.00 Robin at Sherwood 
1000 rare The Thing 1225am Roots of 
Rock N - Ron 1.15 Closedown. 

channel aaBBg» 

est American Hare 2.lSpm-246 Mr 
Smoh 5JS-5A5 Btockbustars 10X0 Rnr. 
The Thing 1Z45a» The Tubes 1 JO 


Bouse on the Prwto 1105-1240 
Morning Qtory 505pm-fii35 Off-rent 
Strokes TOJOFteir The Thing 
1205am Roast's Comer. Closedown. 
TVS As London except 11-OOtam- 
■ --£ 1200 Graamst American Hero 
2.15pn-2.«S Mr Smdti SOS-505 
Blockbusters 1(130 Rim: The Things 
1205em the Tubes 1.30 Company. 

Martin Baker I 


12.00 Otherwodd 215«n-245 
Candid Camera 1tL30 Hm: The Thmg 
1205am Closedown. 

A N GL jA. 

11.30-1240 Frying Kiwi 2.15pm-245 
Off the Rack 5J&505 Blockbusters 
10130 Ftrtr The Thmg 1225am At the 
End at the Day. Closedown. 


Mcnael Cavalcade 11.45-1240 Ad- 
ventures of Jeremy 2.1 5pm-2j45 Candid 
Ca/iwa 5.05-505 Blockbusters 
1020 FHm: The Thmg 1205am Late Cefl. 

ULSTER tf^^Baron 

2.15pm-2A5 DHf’rem Strokes 405- 
540 Sports Results SJJS-505 Candid 
Camera lOOOFMm: The Then 
1200am News, Closedown. 

est American Hero 10Opm-2A5 FHnt 
Raw Edge SOS^OSMrand Mrs 1000 
Fttit The Thing 1205am Closedown. 


OOfM WALEtk.&55-B.00mnlrv- 

mrvaL 9.00-9.15 Swe Stared. 
2JMKLOOpm Weekend Rugby Union 
(Swansea v Cardiff) 12. 10-12.1 Sera News 
o< Wales Head ines end Weather 


1000 las Francah Chez Vous 
1.00pm in the Garden 1 00 Video Club 
200 Doknen Builders 1 1 JO Man in a 
Suitcase 1200am Closedown 


mg Glow 905-1000 Gather Your 
Dream 1125-11.30 Lookeround 100pm- 
200 Fanteng Ouvook 400 SribI 
Wonder 500 Seel Morning 500 Short 
Story Theatre 600-600 Anion Mar- 
ket ilOOWWiGood Reason 1200 Epi- 
logue. Closedown 
t\/Q a» London except SL25am 
-LiS action Line 905-1000 Cartoon 
100pm Agenda 100-200 Enterprise 
South 1100 Men In a Suttceee 120Gam 
Company, CUsedown 

UTV UfFCTAsLontlonex- 
Hl.y ”r*ijLLcepr aosatn Max the 
Mouse 305-1000 Hreba* KL5 
100pm Hdpfine E*am Special 100-200 
Farmng Wales 400 Survival 500 
600 AKMon Market 1100 News 
Avengers 1200am Closedown. 


100 Pool 1100-1 230am Crown 
Green Bowls 

-L2IE. looounk llOOOncea 
Thief. . .9 1105 Look end See 
1100-1200 South West Week lOOpm 
Gardens FOr Al 1 00-200 Farming 
News 500 Gus HoneyOun 503 Falcon 
Crest 000-600 Albion Market 1100 
South West Week 1200 Postscript P«B- 
bag. Closedown 


The Mows 905 Sesame Street 
10.30-1100 FratMfl XL5 1.00pm- 2.00 
Farming Outlook 200 Spce of Lite 
400-400 Now You See It 500 Scatspon 
600-600 A&von Market 11 30 Tales 
from the Daricado 1200 Rettacaons, 


935-1000 Border Dtary 100pm-200 
Farming Outlook 400 Survival Special 

'about it at all. either expressly or 
by implication. 

His Lordship did not agree 
with that conclusion. When the 
applicant entered the United 
Kingdom he impliedly stated: 
“This is my passport: there's 
nothing wrong with it so fer as I 

Such a statement or 
representation, if to be implied, 
was false to the applicant's 
knowledge and in those circum- 
stances he was guilty of an 
offence under section 26( IXc). 

500 Beal Morning 500 Look Who's 
Talking 600400 Albion Market 1100 
Jazz uub 1200 Closedown. 


cept 925am Max The 
Indian Legends of 

Mouse 905-1000 Indian Legends of 
Canada 1100 Once a Tteet ...? 1105 
AapKaaHak 1100-1200 This is 
Your Right 100pm Smafl Wonder 100 
Carman 105-200 Simon A Sirnon 
400 Encounter 500 Seal Momoifl 500 
Now You See U 600400 Atewn 
Market 1100 Hardeasde A McCotmfcic 
1230am Closedown 


Unk 11 DO Ones attest . . .71100- 
1200 Farming Dory lOOpnt-ZOO Man in 
a Subcase SOD Benson 500 Mr a 
Mrs 600-600 Alteon Market TIOO Na- 
ture of Things 1230am Five Minutes, 

ANGLIA As London except 


You See It BO043O Albion Market 1100 
New Avengers 120Cem PSgnmage, 


SOS Encouner 1000-1100 Sesame 
Street 100pm Famwig Outlook 200 
Songs ol Celebration 200 Studio 
aOODtff rent Strokes 400 Now You Sea 
It 400 Seal Morning 500 Scotsporis 
600400 Albion Mamet 1100 Mapp end 
Lucia 1 200a m UneCak. Ctosadown. 

Ill CTPR As London except 
— — crt 940nm-1000 Adwca with 
Anne Hailes 100pm Farming Ubter 
100-200 Gardening Tima 400 Survival 
600 Seal Morning £00400 AUon 
Market 11 30 Sports Restfs 1205am 

SOOTamihawks 10b Here and Now 
100-200 Gardening Time 400 Guinnass 
Book ol Records 500 Seal Mommg 
6.00-630 Alteon Market 1100 War 1200 


- : ’ 

This advertisement is published by Samuel Montagu 4 Co. Ud. Charterhouse Japhet Pic and Noble Grossart ltd. on beha« of Argyll Group Pk:. 
The directors of Argyfl Group Pic are Ibe pereons responsible for the information contained in Mrs advertisement. To the best of their knowledge 
and belief (having taken all reasonable care to ensure That such is the case), the information contained in this advertisement is in accordance with 
the facts. The directors of Argyll Group Pic accept responsibility accordingly. 



Wueof the Argyll Offer. 

Current Distillers share price: 

Argyll higher by: 

Ajgylls offer remains open until 3pm'VCbdnesclay April 16 

•Aigvll reserves iheri^tioexwndihisoQer until April 18. 

. ' TOnm on ! l th Apni-1 986. The above value £ for Argyll's Final Increased 8asic Otter aid tikK account of an 

Why wait fcir th^ 
channel tunnel? 

Invest now with Perpetual 

Unprecedented Growth 

Growth in the sfte of continental 
European stock markets has been dramatic 
over recent years and yet the largest. West 
Germany, for example, has a stock market 
that is around half the size of that of the 
United Kingdom while its economy is 
□early twice as large 

However, increasing international and 
domestic interest; continuing recovery 
from the recessionary environmentof the 
early 80's; and the re-rating of shares in 
some of Europe’s successful multi-national 
companies, combine to suggest an exciting 
future for European stock markets. 

U.K. and Continental Europe 

The European Growth Fund will invest 
in the 2,400 plus public companies quoted 
on the U.K. stock market as well as those of 
continental Europe, providing the Managers 
with an 80% wider investment range over 
purely continental European companies. 

The objective of the Fund is maximum 
capital growth and initially the Managers 
anticipate investing the portfolio as - 

West Germany 25% 

Economic optimism abounds, inflation is 
a low 1.8% and lax cuts expected this year 
should boost consumer expenditure. 

Growth Fund 

Low inflation, together with double digit 
gains projected For corporate profits and 
dividends, combine to create many 
excellent investment opportunities. 

France 20% 

Against a background of encouraging 
economic indicators, shares continue to 
provide prospects fa r growth . 

Switzerland 4% 

Business confidence is tunning high with 
inflation dediningand capacity utilisation 

Italy 7% 

The Italian stock market, although modest 
in size, is growing following strong demand 
from Italian mutual funds set up in 1983. 

Netherlands 5% 

Low inflation and increases in domestic 
consumption and exports should boost 
share prices. 

r. A&r. 

_r- relation to the new eumness converge P rei«e.ive ■■■ 
valued on the basis used prelerencesharesot Argyll would be valued some 6-6p higher at a price ol 

SSS-Tfiertw. * 0» -d Increased Baste Oder to 766a 

from itaikm mutual funds set up in iwu. Perpetual in Europe I ADDRESS- 

Netherlands 5% Perpetual has been investing successfully | 

Low inflation and increases in domestic in European shares for some yeare through I 

consumption and exports shou Id boost international unit trusts. The International | 
share prices. Growth Fund. (£80 million) as an example, J 

Other European Markets 8% is the U.Kfc top unit trust for capital growth I POSTCODE: 

Stock markets may include those of since its launch in September 1974 with an j 

Spain. Belgium, Sweden, Norway, increase in the offer pnee of units or2^00% | siGNATURE/S: 

SffiartSid Austria. . ^t31sl December l985^Sincel9S2 up to . 

Europe is experiencinga new economic 30% ofthe portfolio has been invested m | 

era of steady low inflationary growth which continental European stock markets, while, i prv _ 
we believe will provide investors with con- during the last five years, the U.K. exposure I Jr© 
sistent and rewarding investment results, has been as high as 69%. ' | Ala, .. . 



In the eleven years since launching the 
G roup's first unit trust in the United 
Kingdom, Perpetual has earned an 
enviable reputation for consistent 
investment success. 

PerpetuaTs the lop performer 

. FtfpeiiuluJieTheOlMrier'illSSllnilTruil 

Mdrugenof the Year awanX A Kill* decried d*arrf 
Iiti inveiLmem team -ctuimun Mansn Artub. Boh 
YertNiri.Sccill McGtistan and Marim Rasch - teive 
been producing peri oiraatKe plum-. imII for many 
>ean. ^ ' *-■' vV 

U-" * WO* 

U nil Trust Managers of the year 

. . Over lhe > e* ra ei> ungle Penwiiul Fund has 
moved into the bUck . Chmhe Usi C monllrkrtic 
PeipeiuaJ Funds have produced an average ueighied ^ .’ 
performance erf-? 7|vceni .- ... .«**•/* 

*1AȣIV4G 4H\EDnW 

Special post launch offer 
Act now! 

Full derails of this new Fund are set out 
in the Prospectus, which can be obtained 
by posting the coupon below to the 

By sending for details immediately, you 
. could benefit from an advantageous 
\Jk & special offer- we will provide full details 
*• - with the Prospectus. 


1 Please send me a copy ofthe Peipeiual^raM 
^ I European Growth Fund Prospectus. 

I You can also invest in this Fund through the I 
J Monthly Savings Plan from £20 per month. - 
I For details please tick □ i |y 

I To: Perpetual Group, 48 Hart Street. V 

1 Henley-on-Thames.OxonRG91AZ. 

I Tel: Henley-on-Thames (0491)576868. | 










f Hgl f p aj d (na W 16 

All <la.«ificd ad^crttscnwflts 
an he accepted h> telephone 
Uuiui Aniwunccmciibl The 
dead line a S.UHpm ! days pnor 
IP puhticaimn |ie VflOpm Mon- 
ths li* Wednesday) Should 
suii v.ish to send an adwnne- 
mcni in anunt please include 
emir daviimc phone nnmbcf. 
PARTMENT. If you lute any 
queue* or pniMcmi relating 10 
\our adicniwmcni once it has 
appeared, please contact our 
tuflomer Services F>^anrpeni 
hy telephone on 01-481 3006 




JOANNA SMITH is 21 tomorrow 
CcmqraiuuiMns iron) all Ihr 




Wkwdm CorkouiM TH*. *■ 
non natural only £fl * ver w 
>d + vaT. W«H mot Bwetwr 


£6 » JWT » »6 + ' AT. While 

•Mks MH 

148 Wandsworth BnCqe Rd. 
Parpens &een. SW 6 

Tel: 01-731-3368/9 

Free rtunaln ■ Ewni fitting 

triaim tropica reel 

twin tcjto ITOX 
owner Ctc.w 0273455371 
TROUT atw aiwn J W "; 
course* CVS on. Hmu- 

luro. Trt OnUawn OBI 

lectures a MEETINGS 

W 2 , 


Luxury 2 double bed- 
roomed flat. Opposite 
the park. Largs foungs. 
colour tv. washing nut- 
chine. Maid service. 
Long lei prefertd. £200 
01-SS4 72*3. 


Bonham* unHW a ww k lull 
lime course Marls Will April 
lecture* and to leading 
I'li aruus and craftsmen- Tel 

Principal Ol 584 0667 
SELECT FR 1 ENPS CAriuutc in- 
trodiK Hona tor the unauachett . 
SB Maddox Sireri. London w 1 . 
Telephone 493 . 9937 . 
AU aocs. areas OaljMnr- Own 
■ 016 - 23 AUmsoon Road. Lon- 
don W 8 Tel: PI -W mil- 
SELECT FHtENDS Exclusive m- 

iroducllons lor to* unanoetiM. 

For Profess renal and EjnuW* 
men. 56 Maddo* StrerLLon- 
don Wl. Telephone 493 - 9937 . 


Cones m ancle wring snwl 
suit loumatem fifing 
tot enwen. T v aw Booc 

Fbyvfmjnc ana cinci-i Free Dio- 
Ctue Iiom fne LoreSon Scnoo* 
of journalism. fiel D 7 . 19 Men- 
had inwi. Par^ La*. London 
W1Y 6 B 3 TeL 0 r -*99 SSO 


Handmale maw to measure 

Price* from £76 


TEL 01-251 8658 
No brochure mraHaWo 



Tons 91 .Lower SKUM street 
01-730 0933 . 

I 7 lh 

WHEN IN VOWXm renl a TV w 
v-hJ*hj try (Uy. uk or rxioiun. 
TOPS TV 01-720 M 69 

Britain's leading experL* Purr 
MENTS 1 1 96 1 ) Ltd .^OritlSdlr- 
Canlerbur* . Kent. CTl 1 BAT. 
Tel. OM 7 -Mi 261 B. 


Debenture seats 

'warned tor pnvaie companies. 
TOP price* paid. 01 238 0423 . 

BOX reouircd tor Royal Aacoi 
week Any day acceptable. Top 
prices paid. Repb MBa Palmer. 
1 0622 > 78921 . lofflte hours L 
Desks. Bookcase etc & Pre 19*0 
furniture Tel- Ol-SBS 0148 or 
01-228 271 1 . day or idghl 
don. FA Cup Final. A other 
even IS. 01 223 4560 

wauled including debennjr**. 
Bert price* paid 01 2 26 0837 . 
Ol 928 1 T 75 . 

and l»h Cenlury liwnlture au- 
llienlKauy reproduced in our 
own workshops for Uielwmc. 
at nee and boardroom. £2 mil 
non stocks NeUiebed. near 
Henley .0491 i 6 «l 1 1 5 - 
mouth . 0202 . £ 93580 . 

Topshani .0392871 74 * 3 . 

2 ES 5 ! CM* .OAS 3 ' 810952 . 
man ouallU' hardwood can- 
and octo puled 
rudery wirtiei lo veil ll* remain- 
mg 7 sets. An opgomunly IO 
bin, at Trade Prices Full, 
auanudred Can deli ver or send 
Rrtl Slar. 080352*011 
UEULTO. Nation rtcoanUy Or 
wiiS board dinm* taote 1011 
isti ♦ tochairs. Ftnrsi wamui 
Briar rosewood with ebony In- 
lay Perfect rijr-dvuon. keri 
real Wlf price *- 3 . 50 Q 
3067 iltomci 01-829 61 ot 


12 11 MM WllWtl carpels re- 
duced from £22 P*r td VO » 
£ 9.50 M yd Chancery Carpel*. 
07 99 cierk enwrii Rd. London 
ECI. Ol 405 0453 
TIM TIMES 1795 - 1988 - Other 
into avail Hand bound ready 

lor presentation Mso 

‘‘Sunday***. £1750 Remember 
When. 01-688 6323 
TICKETS lor any evenL Cat*. 
Siariigni Enp. ewaa. Les MB 
an ihealre and sports. t»zi 
6616-828 0^95 

A. Ex - Visa /Diners 
ki_ setts etc Nationwide 
^hcSr Tel: 10380 ) 850039 
IV* ills' _ 

The luanest auauo and mw 
compeieUie in me country. Tet 
0625 533721 . 

THE TIMES .1814 1 98 S». Give 
someone an orwtnal issue MW 
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Tel. 01-486 6305 
Please Telephone 737 - 253 *.. 

teenage violence 

Fw Puse man™; Tu £# v Jji 
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Lion Scusre. 

Robot Pa nOar ■ “gllSSf 
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Pan Ol ■> Focus Oo u « lent * B » The 

grrasn Humamn teawawm. 
Tetegnone 01-937 2341 . 

sura KENSWQTON flat Oo*eL 
.BMiniw orduntl floor flat 3 
bedrooms. 2 Wins, living room, 
dining room, hnenm. imtfww. 
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ed. an modem appliance*. 
Opens onto 3 »wi of MivMe 
lurden Meal fw tgnuiy Corpo- 
r.itr let i year mus £400 o w. 
Tel. 01-530 2396 No apffib. 



Belgravia. Pimuc*j. Wwflmn- 
sirr. Luxury nnw« and Hals 
j\ jdable iw long or snori lets. ring inr current IlsL 
Codes 69 BucHnahjm Palace 
Road. SWI. 01 S 38 8251 

Hftiiaa* APARTMENTS, we 

hjyelhe ofv i sdecuonof Kene 

rv romWlwd n *S M4ae ? 

K^^’ge. "**£**% 

55 S w«M and tjampvcad 
caco DU 01 a« 7353 
COUJtttMAM RB SW 5 . very 
oretty 1 bed flat with rwep JC * 
n uv of ortvW qdm. Fur* 
niched or uaiunHMved. Cp w ® 
ri 30 ^ 24 * 73 ft 3 . 

KCHSmOH i PM c* G«crti 

terrace, firs. How 
large irony roo m- ***>}* »~- 
raom. wcety tunwa^. CM- 
£ 1*6 pw Trt 0753 883624 
■..nar ARCH Lunev. hHlv 
'urocmed. — dMS a 

M fun. m tram minjcni 
nkick uaog.w. an t Forkms 

k«e KKl P 01 - 723 - 93*4 

5 T. tOWS WOOD. Bngnt atrrec- 

hve fumhuml floor 

studio Hat Kii. bath. Own p*uo. 

CM Trtgphone. £100 pw. •«. 

czrmsmm ww«m ito 
jury house tn Asnan»M« 9 u 
ullage. 4 beds. S baths 
SSTO 73 * 661838 . 
DOCKLANDS. House* and flats 




499 4100 

9 & 23 

p. innu". --- — J 1 « 

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— * % 5rs£p» , tt£ 

01 O 2 « 

ClOWd OoOd Frnlay. 



Kidrch * m 

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TVan * *30 

3 SOWSC 4 DARBY. 19 

Street. London W 1 RO 
ORGAN. New Pamllnftk 

Pt fp A rva j- Y GALLPtY lb Corik 
•^Sv^eiirg-SBTS ora«» 
mnMrp-P • Recent Pamum* IS 
April • 1 7 k*av Mon-fri lOSJO 
1012 30 


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OTjBBOOUWtV^ nummiu! 

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1929 . 2 * 

Bookings accept** 


17 Moiconib SI iw. Loudon 

SWt 236 05 W V 1 LAT 0 * 
Homage to Barteitma. 


17 Motron* Street. ^ 55 jP OB 
SWI 23 S 0500 VILATO a 
Homage io BarceMoa. 

4 ^ffic 2 M.£l 7 g«* 

rale cc iwowng 01 ? 4 I 9 WV 


hwi r rjifPn MIR QKIks Cl 

ttscpw 352 6841 . 


we LA TWER COURT. Luxury 
lurimnrd flat, silting, dlnmg 
room i douMe bedroom. asm- 
q|p. Fined kitchen. 2 lotlets 
Resideni parting 10 minutes 
Keninnlon High Smd. £175 
per week Tsl 891 7719 . 

iniiuaMM the docklands area 
io iBtDocklawf* Properly Cai- 
ne. 01-486 * 852 . 

SWIG Lux furnenert 1 bed flat 
"iv *.i.-ex» io town. Sub oon- 
smokiiw Prof emoN ' ora 

-diarers Cl 15 BW. 01-475 4773 
icp fUd DM Min, recep. > 4 b. 
FuSiy mnontd. £I 60 pW- 3< 6 

nHnD* 01-937 023 * 

UJ. CCSIPANY *e*fc» lum Prop- 
nim in best London *rea*. 
Auentsi 01-589 9 JB 1 


178 Brotiwnm Rd. London 
SW 3 . TN. 564 7566 . FNW 
Works by Ben Nkfwfmfl. HWl- 
r> Mont. Sir Matthpis Stntin. 
Bumbo rg. LF Lowry. P atam 
Sutherland- V-lpdred Ntcfnil- 
mci. Mary Neweond* and . 

omen. Daily 10 - 6 . Sal IO - 4 

UOT 193 * 19 fl 3 . L-rdll 27 APT 


Santa I'nMI 11 MJV 4 dfll. 
free. MM .IPMP 
G 50 Recorded htw. 01 - 

aunowA 3 M 

"bi H« i nearest tube 

peri Aceearvoa- 


Mend w A 



^Et^wn nrva Oggr* DP** 


1 723 


PROST a urri) LTD 41 Nfw 

639 2 * 57 . Dt ALBKWTS LHnfT. 

Hne Cigth BrilWi M W*n«" 9 S 
and wMereoiours Lndi AprU 
2501 9 -CL 3 D Saturdays 9 30 - 



The National Museum ot Ari A 
EWKV S KNHBWlgn. »Wlss. 
10-8 SO Suns. 2 30 - 5 50 
riowd Fridays. Recorded mfo 
on soecul «sJMbd«K * dlwLD 
01 581 4894 

sr&s ,, * , v£S 

MMe m £4 50 in 

perf dally * 6 10 "* *“* * 


L Fri 6 . SM Dww 
11 oenep B MtKrt MM 

SrJirlS*JA»"*i off 

amt AT THE EL EGY*?. g? 
ariw inmtOl UP 

— . 


itlHT if dlflrfrlll 
rS w a tlM .181 305 . 4 M 
-(ft lMl CB ILffM TO 
mSmiwv tin 245 900 
7 DO. 9008—0 M*Afc.-.;_ 

FULHAM prut F for O R In lux 
nouse for 3 nilhs. cap* 38 S 
0071 i" Ol 581 3077 iwkl 

ST J BWB WOOS Luxury 2 dou- 
ble bedroom flaL %ery nr lube: 
small p.b. Mock. £270 il* long 
company kt only TeLdT 63 

1196 '0316 8009 

WANTED Reg Nume Xcacner of 

i he Alexander Tectuikme *eej* 
siiMtw dal or house snai*. b- 
lingloo area Non-smoker TW. 
0 I- 263 - 12 ** 


weB-* 9 "<PPed oge^eOrpomed 
OM to iri lor May and June, 
tfropw 01-727 3947 
FLATMATES Select ne Sharing- 
well eslab inuodunoryMTilce. 
pise let lor appl Ol S 89 549 !- 
31 S Broraplon Road, swa 
22 * N S. io share large 'flat 
with I oiher O wn ro om e—su 
prm. Tei. Z 91 4729 lesesi. 
WOOD LANE WS 2 . Fwnaje » 
lure malsonrtle O R.C 
small gdn. close lube. £180 pern 
racl Ol- 749 * 002 . 

NW 2 3 rd Pcrxcxi >n shr JTal 0 _R 
Li SO pem Including CH & Hot 
water Trt. 452 a>SOS 

person to share '«* nal . ,n 

South Ken C 65 per week exdu- 
Uie irt Ol 589 2652 
SW 4 prof M ■' F lo share dal. O/R- 
VTs L 4 O 0 W Tel 623 0861 4 f 

ier 6 pm 

Wl. Prof M FNSBf O.Tt In 
mixed nai v ccn^!^£ 40 ow 
etci. Shortish Id. 938 5166 . 

avail. & regd. for drWiiaB. 
rsecullvm Long A short lets in 
all areas Unfnend * 0 * 4 fL 

Amemarle 51 w i. Ol J 99 533 * 

SW 7 2 bed f.Iurn flaL c h 
£.19000 pw. No Agent I lurried 
Avail TEl.Ol 373 7486 lor 235 

tux fiats, house* up to_ C 530 
p.w Usual fees ret — 

... Phillips 

nay 4 Lewis. South of Uw Park 
Chrtsea oitlre. 01 362 3111 or 
North of in* Park. Renew"* 
Park oil ice. 01-722 5 . 35 . 


CATEtntAM 7 Twin cam Id. 
^woeZTm 3 2. A/C Trt lan Ol 
202 2713 . lOfflCfl T 


cno 9 J 7 ■ 4 1 4 O.' 4064 - 
2 BCORM FLAT N ew d ecor. WL 
narking, nr Bran*, boo pw. om- 
jSbSr 2610 ll u - c i nnw om. 
C 7 KX 5 EA Soockwa tux ba HOTOr 
nai DM bedrnv. mwjiu- 
porlers Long Iri. 6226825 . 
CHELSEA Mod frf 1 bed Da»- 
menl flat. K i B. WW- £130 
gw Tel. Ol 362 4323 . 
Compass loi only £95 pw. 
rets 01 72 C 9226 . 

»'|.d nr tuoe. US pw. OULU* 
fs 2 ? »io Homdocawr*. 

MILL MLL NW 7 Fidly fnrn 1 bed 
rtr ^Tameninm. Tel: Ol 969 
wv} jftrr 6 nm k Wends. 
OPEN 51 MDAV 5 I Over 1600 ,ya. 
canoes lo choose l»D. 637 
2610 Hometown ors. 

ST JAMES’ lux mod furndnmo Ufl- 4 Vrt> ttnnwd 
£120 pw all llicl 437 7519 . 
WmTECHAFEL Stslisb beML 
Qood access. £33 P". Others 
627 2610 HomrtocalQT*. 

OW. Recent , ™ 

EIFOflOWI Alt. UJdttf® 
Recorded Mo Ol »l OIJT 
Mon-Wed 108 . Thur-Sai 106 - 
Sun 1-6- 


Sotheibv-s pres ywotv iciwt*" 
Papumgs and serdpture ia*= 
ware. 12 noon - 4 pm 

Inmornw Sunday ISthAprll. » 
St George Sl.rel Galtfry l 4 2 

Si George snrrt. Loudon. W 
Sole dale WfOnesday 16 IB 
April at 11 00 am- 



. jm sad Winner 7 OW 

I OO AID *** 

mbuD Mr flNM Wfl. 

. : ART 3 ChHarp 

■« HHlI llfi PohiRMTS Of 
SuhSrfn 106 SM 11 »■ 


Sol herbs > preview at Old M»- 
ter DrawrtW' la kW PM CT>_lg_* 
noon ■ 4 pm lomorrow SwN» 
I JUI AprH. at Ihe Canduui Srert 
Canerv. 26 Gondud Street. Lwi- 
don wl Sale Monday 
April ai 9 30 am. 

g.Tx- entEMA. KotnngniU Gate 
777 4043 new s- 
new luxury seanng DJ 8 * i *gT 

Sal 11 15 Advance BoOkWOA 
no Memborsmp 

RAM HQ. nrom 405 . 740 . 

2 *3 ML MM 
MD 8 of Rani 


don. swi. iNr AdiruraUty 

^ , e «SMbi^ a «j?oF c£ 


nM d Museum «f_gS 22 Sl 
RAAYMrr 17 29 APrV lM> 
iep*exeolallve CUbec UOO Inc 
works by Bbw to ,om tfg°n 
Cnw .Nrvvl awl all an- 


wmiccnaoer Hgh SjEi O’ 
577 0107 . IN TAIMO*: The 
Pamier Sculptor in BjfT««W 
rth Gfiuin-" dniil 2 Slh Mas. 
Artre. £2. El'fre* 

Turbvn l I S tart 11-0 


WHS! vEPgi /839 17 S 9 g* 

Sen progs Todjy izm. 

MO.BW. LajeNWnr^owFri 

*, Sal 11 . 45 pm- AU Proa* 
Bookable In Advance 


well Cardens, iopp 
58 * 661 ? INDIA 

iresMNN asm* 579 5014 

125 . 3*6 b ia B 40 . LK Bar 
bvhisrlc for eve 

MEDICI GALLERY 7 Graf ton St . 
BOT*d SIO. W 1 ■ 629 5675 TAP" 
■rt Pieces CHI Pamuogs by Oe- 
nocw Acheson wiin c«=Jh*cs by 
Alan earner Stmlh It April ■ I 
May Mon-Frt 9 - 5.30 

or OME 


• An exhibinon oilhe Frotroi 

M«V. Man . Sal IO- 5.30 
iclosod Fur. Sun 


~ 422 S Jack NtcboBon 
Kamcen Turner. PROZ» 

530 . 

HSHSm-lSldmly 130.4 00 

6 JO. 9.00 

all box 


Box No — 

. c/o Tiroes 
p.O. Box 484 
Vlrguiia Street 
El 9 DO 




EX NACHKHML FfL versatHr Ud 
ambitious male graduate. '»]■ 
asm rtno rntrinwcur. 5 *™ i 

oi rural mu legal otmoftuwom 
in ihe Sauin East, flepfv k> BOX 
D 6 * 


wx kct f: 91 1 Carrera GJbcfofrt. 
nSjouSd-iTl R« EjMunfle 
ISlJw . 930 . Tel 084421 
to 08*4 52927 eves- 
wkend. No Time winiers. 



you ordered t«ini lor me. 

I was lo sen* a mrfur-*. 

This a ihe b**f I ran *n 

t promism io remember. 

V ears uler I ■» 

Is sour promise Hill rahd ■ 
New York Ctli. 718 871 * 952 . 
IF YOU HAVE ever had a ini-c 
non sup from a “ 

aqeni and are interested «o 
MIM a Smietl « L npub 
issued Authors b l . P A. * 2 -. 
Lpper Richmond Road wesl. 
S.W 1 * 7 PJ 01 - 9*6 10*9 

RATH FESTIVAL. Very comfort- 
ab" enunin house, be* i an * 
break Iasi Bain • miles Reply 
lo BOV A 7 S. 

CABIN ARMNE ■ CongralulMions 

Andrew on your SromSM 
commission irom sardhurd 
RMA Lo‘* Eggv Ms 4 Co 

... .JQUE 


LARGE OAK dining rm unlMur 
furmiur*. TaWC - B 1 
buffets Surrey 093287 35*9 



l^qany case Ccmptrtely 

r^ondiuoned Beauuful UWii, 
menL £ 2 . 500 . Tvl OxrfwW 

2 toJ 6 rvetuft^ or week rods. 



5 4 bed magnlflcent 
mews. 2 . 3 bathrooms, 
garage and elegant large 
double rerepuon rooms. 
I_Se of Cad&gan 
Square Place gardens 
BefurbHtied to very higfi 
standard by Interior de- 
swfwr. 7 Jyr lease. 

let Ol «7 6828 / 
01 235 0027 

911 SC TARGA WOBfJ. Dim- 
lor. cam Choice or 2 Aug 83 

S 3 £ 18.600 Mid 

£ 16960 . M| ifUvr 

FSH Trt. Ol 609 2149 . 



CiKkro Lane. Siubbinglon 
BONHAMS Momprtier Modern 
An Courses Se* Education. 


Reconditioned 6 ft 

grand In nccelleni condition No 
120064 . Black rate. C 5 .SOO. 
Trt: 01-487 3391 ofllce hrs 

fSaST excrtlenf nNBm 
£ 1.60000 . Trt. 01 82 B 1129 

Together we can beat it 

We tin iduirr oik third «l 
all resv.irch uno 'h- pf'vn - 1 
in .n ami cure ol cunver in 
ihe UK. 

Help It" hi wilding* *lon*- 

nonor i«akeilegM.yiu 


2 ' jfli..ii H-ii-v Terr i- 
ip..|* 7 T B *lI •■r..l..ii?m< 


London's Inidina spectaint in 
new and restored Ptam» i lor «hc 
largest genu ine srt eehen avail 
able 30 a Highgaie D 4 NWS 
012677671 Free ealakww 
Celia, c 177 . imrty ljm*. eurrt- 
lenl condiuan. £ 10.000 Trt 
0732 452046 


and recondlboned OrahW « 
reasonable Prire* 326 BnrtJ|on 
Rd.. S Croydon 01-688 3513 
CMALUEH BRAND. 4 ’ 6 " By 
Royal AppotnoiMBil Imniacu- 
UHr tl.eoa 0394 271895 . 
HEUMEYER GRAND. 4-3 walnut. 
^JueTslOOl £ 1.600 Tel Rye 


199694 Immaculate £ 8 . 500 . 
Telephone 0296 622108 . 

18 th CENTURY Aurtnanvlollli. 
Needs restoraUon. £ 1 . 000 . 01 - 
437 2023 . 

FULHAM Lux Victorian fee raced 
house. 3 beds oatnroom. recep. 
dining rm. 27(7 kitchen. coM«r- 
vaiory ullllls■. *«■ garden. 
EldSoOO. 01 385 134 C. 



period ramUv home. * beds. 2 
baths, huge rrtepl. sdn. lo« 
room. Trt 01-602 88 * 2 . 


N 0 RTHUM 3 ERLAHD 200 yr OM 

convert’d -sranarv. ^e^h*** 
with every concrtva Me e« ra- 
Brochure. Tel 0912672039 


lension eroded by_hjgh. 

I costs? 

risis in the familyL 

1 11 savings gone? 

hildren not supported. 

by father? 

Professional people face problems and should n’t 
need to turn to charity 

They areas vulnerable to disaster as any group. 
PCAC can help quldtly and confidentially It b a 
registered charity and supported entirely by 
voluntary contributions. PCAC needs your 
help to respond to the call for akL 
Professional Classes Aid Council. 

10 St Christopher’s Place, London W1M 6HY. 

Registered cfiority no. J742fi2 

CALLOWAY ■ on th* beauWol 
South west coasr of Scot land. 
18 imia from Dutnfrua. wmera 
Luxury ScancunavUn £ 99 Bp™ 
Houses for safe. 3 Iwdroono. 
utungroom. kUcfitn. WMW* 
Ideally slhjawd on b™c»“ 
si I* 400 yds from heacfi. 800 
yds from golf eoum*. stehl*s 
nearby For fun fdrts wrB* or 
Irtcphanc BarenC Pnwrttlo. 

Sandy fH Us. Dattratfl*- Wrkcud- 
brtnhtsmr* OS 8 778 663 
INVERNESS Modem 3 bed bun- 
galow. nestdamal location nr 
htslortc O^fottrtkltoU home/ 
inveSDnent IKXOOO. Tel 0997 
21830 idayi or 2132 * kwsi. 


OXFORDSHIRE. TO Irt firiiMrt. 
Cl 6 collage Small garden. Qui- 
rt village dow W« ' **• 
Abingdon Beamed KUHJ 9 
room, dining are*, good _ Men- 
m. cioakroam. 2 dpi anai 
itngk- beds wHh basins Bath- 
room. garage- Trt. i rooming* i 
Ol 236 7508 . 


BEAUT Slone 
Hse. Mag sea views. Sip 
Beach 16 Mins £150 
PW. Trt 01 229 1642 . 


GOLF 6T1 18C0 


excellent condi- 


£ 4,395 OK 3 . 

TEL 09074 3SS3. 

Cmriaued from page 12 


emus peaceful vUla. Terrare 
. overiooyinq sea Sips *.6 
From tas pw. Available mosl 
dales. Tel 021 364 5744 

bed. 2 t»Ui villa, hjr s pool 
dm Meg views. Avail Apr -Oct. 
Cerrarje- Cross >08951 8320 * 0 . 



east ANGLIA 


deiached villa, swimming pool. 
T> |- 0895 832040 . 


3 a 05 EL AU 0 94 Prlrol blu* wfUi 
grey vrtour inierlor Full spec 
inrtudbig a.-c. trufse. 

MWW Exrelieni example 
£ 17.800 Trt. 0 * 73 - 21 334 *. WJ 
or 0473 - 854491111 . 

CTVi Otocouni. mwd rnode^ 
1 nun del Leave. HP. P **■ 0933 

76099 TTI 


lord i Ud Mercedrt Beni main 
g. -rters Underwruers for la te 
and mw mileage Mercedes. 
Contact Malcolm McCawan on 
0708 23511 . 


3 door. Jure 84 
Reg. Silver, low miles, immac. 
rad caa. S roof. £ 8.696 ono. 
0734 418479 

COSTA CEL SOL. Spanish puehk* 
sli le v.lloin newly developed Q 
Capistrano San Juan ullage 2 
Bed* Sleeps 6 Fully eo in rood. 
Gdn idvIlK locaaononlooiMlls 
c* -verra-. m me beautiful village 
«-g Nerw 45 mis east of Malaga 
Commanding v lew of Med 
pool complex IOO yds. £180 
pw. 026 477 2598 afler 7 pm 


CLUB" by Re* Cuppy. Phone 
Southend 107021 79660 


prenenave uplo d ate m d» 9 jf 
UN franchise*. Tetepnone 0494 
771143 or write lo Franchise 

OcpormntUes. 26 A High Mr 
Chesham Bock HP 53 1 EP- 

2 acft« n looking sea. * bed 
rooms .sleeps 8 - 101 . 3 bams, 
private pool, maid service 
£540 £670 pw Details A dol- 
our IlhMOl 02556 - 6517 . 
COSTA DEL SOL Near San Pedro 
luxurious comfortable village 
house 2 bedrooms 2 bathrooms 
outstanding view a min shops 
10 minutes beach Col Brochure 
Trt Ol 683 2642 
BARGAIN BREAK Cab O'or vil- 
la. ben position sleeps 4 £110 
per person. Mold n ina. avail 
26 April 0734 345183 
villa, new 86 . Sips 6 B. gdn. 
pool, nr rtd town S> beach. 
£UO £260 pw 01 489 1988 
COSTA DEL SOL VUlacana on 
beach 2 bdrro 2 WIutb sunroof 
garden pools lennts rest N r etc 
flora £ 150 pw 0*14272895 
MAJORCA Santa Ponsa sea edge 
apartment 3 doitf* bedrooms 2 
bathrooms lOOfi Mcw.wSJ 
pool April JM Sep 098963886 
MARKET. LA Lon Monieras vBj. 
Pool. Peach fronoge. sips IO. 
rmdeni hoiflekrtprt * chef. 
Trt- IOEB 3 ) 33405 . 
country bouse. 2 wn garon 
Swimming port. PWrara- «« 
tranqutmiy Tel. 0685 3042 . 
try toe. «ps 6-8 Gtorioja 
views, walks, gdn pool. Fr 
£150 pw. Ol 727 *529 
I AW 3 bedroom apartment* 
wim all amenities in ABcanie 
faong beach. Trt 0932 244716 
FUtMCmOLA iLos Bobcbes) 2/3 
bed apt from Apr £ 60 . Aug 
£135 pw 103721373910 . 
JAVEA lu* spac peaceful villa, 
own pool 1 acre gdn. a%aU Jun 
A Del 0865 863797 
MOIACAR 2 bed opts with port 
restaurant rtc from £ 86 p w. 
Pi Limited 01-304 9904 . 

school 27 fh July ■ 2 nd Aug 
For instrumentalists of 9 lo 14 
vts Orchestra band chamber 
oroups choir Special course, 
lor keyboard guitar ptayera A 
week of murtcal fim wHh swim- 
ming. lenms etc DeialrtA. 
Mock. Prior Park College. Bath. 

1 02251 833925 eves. 

FLY nSMJM RK-er Test Good 
fun courses, weekends May. 
June, -uidy Murray Hardy's m- 
strucior. 3 nights 

accommodation 2 days insu-uc 
non. £ 185 . Andrew McCall. 
Greyhound inn. Slockbndoe. 
Hants 0264 010833 

Lakes or NorUi West Sroiland. 
juw. Blvouacinn and Backpack- 
U>|. WEST ID T 1 t Arnna 
Snicidaig -f : 54 

8 XL. Telephone 0 S 206 213 

r oDM) Escape io our Iibw 
ous Tudor Cotmin 

amen Fr E& 0 _ Conv Si 
AkdCbtudh 0795 - 73 * 30 . 

tXllto ritoUlle. Troul Fk& hln 9 ^_ 
fl.-rev s 1 oidcn 
I»rfj>rtlcT 103001 20536 . 

SWANACC w aimwe s ichcfldw 
dais. Panoramic ri*ws adM- 
cefll vands'-Jiook Pkg. ert hJU 
kit. ctuidren nndrt 3 yrs W. 
Reduced lero» iro- s oaionSAE 
13 The Parottr- 
Dorset Trt 0929 *25777 

n»n nrtfoem roper Hal, c entra l. 
«*~rbeacht:?OwwJi Sleeps 5 
Phone 02 C 2 293602 . 


jipL Comfonadk comeniew. 
hour in SO 

electric, ideal IBMd-WW* 
wanting, laurmg. bwd *vagy 
mo. rrtaidiig. Own santfv mw i 
S tM IUDO* 0 - TO- 

07556 3598 . 






GUERNSEY Soring breaks, fully 
licensed country how 10 
crowm). 3 nights from £1 1 2 In- 
cluding travel and -car wre 
Phone 0481 3569 * or 'vrvre SA 
Wood La Favoma How. 
Fennoin Bay. Guernsey. 


maSHWATER self calrtfcw If* 
latr. 2 -*■ baby, garden, pooi- 
nng \ era e. MeMuUan 0983 - 

HEW MfW E S T Hobdav eoltrtN 
Cadnom. sleep 6 . full CH-Juffi- 
lv rccpmmrnded. from £ 126 - 
Tel 0703 812212 
IUMOSTEAD Lovely rountrydde 
qfliopn leads io beach ground 
floor srtlTonlauwdrW mprl- 
Vdlr bouse Trt 0306 862251 
SEA VIEW. LO.W. a beds. MBS 9 . 
Family m*-. 60 yd* jrom vra. 
Avail Apni onwards From Ci O 
pw Trt. 0234 72035 *. 

TINY COTTAGE Dome! cow; 
available April May, and law 
Summer on“ ards £ 6 ° 

4 S and baby . Ol 567 14 TB. 
rai surrounding# Cort 7 rapes. 
Tariff a people mefu des hra flh" 

HnetiTV. Detail* 10305881 222 . 

WESTER- ROCK. Gaeloch. Sea 
"ISrtSe tradlltort 
steeps B. Acre *k*n From 
cYSo pw Trt: 0 * 4.583 229 - . 
aiBLYBEA HwnMPd Lodge # Horn- 
pS?ry 22 2 W Sto M w nfff 
SAE Chapman 0*4 682 233 
OLE or SKYE. WeG eouuped 

urtisM* M^ESB13SS® ir 

B 76 3064 at flee 839 6566 . 
HIE or 5 KY& Ctnranmg Urm- 

hniw nr sea Stt 6 B Aval 

Jun 5 * 9 . Tel: 0667 B*T 78 

larm comm*- 9 n«» Do™’" . 

at New Quay Of. td» .NP 
trekking- healed indoor pa*. 
squash cou rtS- toma. 0»m» 
room- bar. miwf » JgM. 
Castle HoweB. 

UMVfd. Dyfed 06*665 209 . .. 


i .-l ' 


i* ' 
:>p ■u-7 * 


f”hMNim4wf . „ -*? 
! &-»ri aosxfcxru* - 0 , 

I tongMeurltata 

NR HANTWUB Srtfromained 
holiday naf wdn polio. Stt* 
4 5 Gge vaeUny 1 - 17 . Jium 
zs-Juty 5 . July 12 - 19 . July 26 - 
Aug 2 and fwen Oa « f 
£120 pw. Trt. 0548660*43 




gtlsti meaning Swlw famHy 
with Wl aged 5 would be hap- 
py lo wrtcome an engnsn 
sneaking chdd lo slay for some 
weeks in weir home In me 
countryside. Pleaw CMdac hC,* 
M RuUier Im Sieroen CH 84*0 
MarUiaien Swiuertand. Trt OlO 
41 52 433274 




Old age is inevitable. But a pocn and lonely one is 
something different- something rhat many people 
face with growing fear. In a largely uncaring, 
inflationary world we aw trying rostem the ride. 

But we desperately need mow funds. Will you be a 
friend and help us by making a covcnaar or by 
remembering us In your will? 

Friends of the Elderly have been looking after 
the elderly and needy since 1905 . and now have 
eleven residential homes. Here, men and women 
from professional backgrounds And security 
and freedom, with expert nursing care. They are 
"at home' and not 'in a home" - they never have 
to leave. We also give financial help toold people 
from all backgrounds who wish to stay in their 
own homes. 

Please belp us to make old age the 
happy and contented time it should be. 

Ton really can be a friend. 

Do write to us. 

The General Secretary. 

Friends of the Elderly iDept 0 '■ 

42 Eburv Street. 

Telephone- 01-730326? OF THE »»■««» 

BegisreKdCbaiiiyniiBb«M«>M and Gentlefclk-s Help 

Farm House, 

secluded hillside sUe. su- 
perb views 15 Vra MW R&ttero*:. 
New roof, plumbmg. sceptic 
lank, wiring bathroom ana 
Kitchen. Meeds IhwiWngloucrv 

« Offers around £ 28 . 000 . Trt 

02814 3425 'Bucks!. 

THE 2 Wh SEPTEMBER 1985 . 
DATED 4 Ui APRIL 1986 . 

• The Masonic Boys. School wel- 
fare Fund The Chanty 
Cammhah oners have made J 
Scnvme lor this enantrjpy £ 

con ge obtained (ram mem .11 St 

Alban's House. 57^60 
HAiMfkd. London SWJY 4 QX. 
.Rrf- 31 10 S 8 - AL-LSl. 



MHK ROVER Jan B*_Grreri. 2 
door manual, largpeed h^^- 

-w iimroof. wtiKiovYi. 

Blaununkl slereo 23X00 mile*. 
£ 10 . 800 . Trt. 01 - 731 -5574 

Black. Drtux rava^Juiy 1 ^ 
only driven 2 morths. Ga 
raged Like new- s.soo mu« 
CT 9 PO 01-955 8691 



07 Regent Smel. London Wl. 
Trt 439 6534 UK Oversea* 
Atoo m-helbs domx lemb ■ perm 

Span BUI. 

Italian, pomigue**. Thr Bert 
place io learn a language I* la 
live country where II Is sunken 
Courses for all needs ■ Students. 
Bislnre Men. Tourists For de- 
tails contact: Language Studies 
Lid. IO 12 James SL London 
WIM 5 HN Tel 01 *08 0481 
lulondls covering effedw 
blending of Iradilional and 
modern lectimgues Bdifl ac- 
cemnrodflJJon in Idyllic 
surroundings. Norm wales. 
Trim hone 1082451 291 


A val Disere. Cnalels 12-4 
£ 139 . 19 a £129 Including 
sleeper roach SKI Wert 0373 - 
864811 . 

SKI BONNE ME 1 GE. Abril 12 
availability In Courchevel. 
Loads of great new snow Ex- 
Irnslie guiding Ol ■ 730 2355 . 

SKI K 1 PUGWre Geneva.- 
Zurich Munich, rtc resofl 
iransfer from £ 69 . Ski Jet. 
i 0373 i 86481 1 ART A 



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WOLSCY HALLi borne rtady far 
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I IB. Warwick MBA). Pramiec- 
(us: The Principal. Deof_AL 9 . 
wotsey Hah. fimu Oxford 
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north Devon Holiday flames 


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Whitsunday to confirm 
his Newbury promise 

i If „ ^ 

t E ft 


Whitsunday Is. napped- to 
trigger off a doable for las 
most able Lainboura trainer 
Nicky Henderson at Ascot 
today by winning the Royal 

Fern Novices Chase, a double 
to. be completed hopefully 
neariy .two hours later by 
Pike's Peak in the Alpine 
Meadow- Handicap Hurdle, 
run over three miles, a dis- 
tance that he dearly relishes. 

After Whitsunday had run 
so well to finish second to the 
smart Polar Sunset in Ins first 
steeplechase, at Newbuiy, 
having already shown an 
abundance of promise in 
point-to-points. Henderson 
considered putting him away 
for the time-being and keeping 
him a maiden -.until next 
season when he could run up a 
sequence of victories in condi- 
tion races. 

But after further thought he 
decided to go for today’s race, 
his decision being based upon 
the theory, “if you're going to 
lose your maiden’s tag you 
might as wefl do it in a race 
that is worth a lot rather than 
in some inconsequential 
affair." And with £8,000 add- 
ed to the sweepstakes today’s 
race at Ascot is certainly weB 
worth winning. . . 

I have seldom seen a point- 
to-pointer adapt to jumping 
the bigger and stiffer race- . 
course fences more fluently 
than Whitsunday dkf at 
Newbury. . Having already 
been a joo&ihne admirer of 
his conqueror. Polar Sunset, I 
was even more impressed with 
the way that he not only got so 
close to the winner, but also 
with the way that he floated 
over both tire 'ground , and the 

Fora big horse he has great 
agility and be is a wonderful 
mover. So he should relish 

% Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

) today’s ground. Furthermore, i 
s . Polar Sunset has won again in ' i 
r the meantime so h wiD be 
t even more disappointing . if : 
1: Whjt sim day fella to come 
s good this time. - " . ! 

f His stable companion 1 
f Pike's Peak (4.20), having ■ 
: achieved so much already in i 
i. his first season over hurdles, 1 
- would not still be raring this ] 
torn unless his trainer thought i 
, ft worthwhile. i 

. My first impression was i 
[ that be had a lot to do for a \ 
. novice this afternoon, but I 

[ hhve chang e d my mind and j 

Conrse specialists 

. . .. ASCOT 

THAMEftS: N Cn*np7 winmn from 19 
nmiers.3&8K: M H Eastortiy 18 iron 59. 
30.3* J Webbar 5 from 24. 208%. 
JOCKEYS: J J O-Nea 9 WfcXMA from 32 
rUes. 28.1%; S Sherwood 5 from 24, 
20** K MornyB from 25. SOU*. 

TMUNERS: H Thomson Jones 12 wfetneis 
from- 31 runners, 397* M Csmacbo 10 
from 89. 14** J Fitzgerald 12 from 92. 

JOCXEVSe A Mtmay 7 winners hum 18 
rides. 389* N Dey7 from 31.22.6* J 
ReM 9 tom 43. 20** 


TRAINERS: G Richards 11 wtonsra from 
43 muws. 25** P Foiga» 5 tom 24. 
20** Mrs W Sykes 7 tomffl. 184* 
JOCKEYS: N Doughty 6 wfnws tom 16 
r«lo6, 31 .6* PWam»10 tom 44,22.7* 
J Bryan* tom 29.17** 

come to the conclusion that 
with Michael Bowfby claiming 
71b he should go well even 
' against the likes oflshkomann 
and Here's Why. 

• Well that Ishkomann won 
at Liverpodeighl days ago the 
feet remains he is an unknown- 
quantity over today’s distance 
of three miles whereas Pike's 
Peak is not. 

Following those decisive 
victories at Cheltenham and 
Liverpool. Jobroke is the oth- 
er horse that I really fancy at 
Ascot today, to win the Trilli- 
um Handicap Hurdle 
Top weight for . the 

Contiboard Novices Handi- 
cap Chase carried by 
Desert Orchid. .Weii that he 
should go I still fed that a 
succession of hard races at 
Sandown, Cheltenham and 
Sandown again could have left 
their mark and certainly left 
me wondering whether he will 
manage to give weight to Gold 
Bearer who. with only three 
races under his belt this 
season, will strip fresher than 
most and that is a major 
consideration at this stage. 

At Bangor five of the six 
races have been sponsored by 
Alfred McAlpine PLC. 

Baby Sigh, a winner on the 
course already this spring 
before finding himself some- 
what out of his depth at 
Liverpool, will be attempting 
to win bade some of the family 
firm’s contribution for his 
enthusiastic owner Bobby 
McAlpine in the Minerals 
Novices Hurdle. 

. Bui here 1 just pre fer Boffin 
Palace, who was pulled up in 
his last race at Newbury, but 
only after his rider’s stirrup 
leather had broken as the 
result of a melee early on and 
the subsequent collision with 
the rails. Before that Boffin 
Palace's form was every bit as 
good as Baby Sighs if not 
actually better. 

Rboecus is my other princi- 
pal fancy at Bangor to win the 
Alfred McAlpine Construc- 
tion Handicap Hurdle follow- 
ing that six lengths victory at 
Wetherby 1 1 days ago. 

Finally, I can pass on a tip 
from George Robinson, onr 
Newmarket Correspondent, 
that Olivier Douieb's new- 
comer Bananas is expected to 
beat the much more experi- 
enced Top Guest in the Judi 
Murden Maiden Stakes at 
Beverley.- , 

Tate Gallery for a 
classic exhibition 

From Oar Irish Correspondent, Dublin 

Fat Eddery dear on Con Horgan's newcomer Enchanted Times in the 
Polyanthus Stakes at Kempton (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

Cole maintains momentum 

By John Kartar 

Backers who pot Mind faith in 
the old racing of foUow- 

iag the trainer hi form when the 
season is ia its infancy would 
have foond themselves on the 
right cad of two attractively 
priced pay-outs at Kempton 
Park yesterday. 

Paid Cole, the man who 
provided them with the warming 
35-1 doable on a bitter after- 
noon, has now saddled six 
winners from his last eight 
runners, so dearly anything be 
pots on a rac e cour s e most be 
treated with the utmost respect 
In the next few weeks. 

Cole’s principal success came 
with Nfenas in the Labornam 
Stakes, a classic trial of sorts, 
although one that had been 
greatly devalued by the over- 
night withdrawal of Dancing 
Brave, Guy Harwood's heavily 
Guineas candidate. 

Nisnas, in feet, drifted in the 
market yesterday, while Khaled 
Abdulla 's American bred colt, 
Esdale, was rmnoured to be “the 
business’' ami Pat Eddery, who 
has been in such dominant form, 
rode the favourite with such 

extreme confidence that it 
seemed there could only be one 

That was tmtQ the last 100 
yards or so when Eddery coasted 
up to challenge Nisnas and it 
seemed merely a question of bow 
far Esdale would win. In a flash, 
though, the picture changed and 
as Nisnas responded to a crack 
of the whip from Richard Quinn. 
Esdale was snddenly straggling 
to go with his rival, who drew 
away to win narrowly, but 

Cole describes Nisnas as the 
most improved horse in his 
stable and says that the farther 
be goes the better be wiB be. The 
son of Tap on Wood will make 
his next port of call, therefore, in 
one of the recognised Derby 
trials to see if he is up to Epsom 

Cole was hack in the winner’s 
enclosure half au hour later after 
Torwada, carrying the same 
bottle-green colours of Fahd 
Salman, had won the Magnolia 
Stakes very easily from Russian 
Logic. And, an hoar or so earlier, 
with a furlong left to ran in the 

Jonnie Mailings Memorial 
Handicap it looked long odds on 
the same combination initiating 
a treble when Pochard, whom 
Quinn bad sent dear of his 
rivals from the start, had the 
other jockeys scrubbing away 
and apparently getting no 

However, Pochard's strike be- 
gan to shorten dramatically and 
Derek Brown drove David 
Elsworth's 33-1 shot. Holy 
Spark, past in the last 100 
yards. Indeed, Pochard bach- 
peddalled to such an extent that 
he lost second place to another 
outsider, Kentucky Quest. 

Cole, apart, probably the 
warmest smile seen on the 
course yesterday was that of 18- 
year-old Alison Harper, who. 
riding Top Wing, showed both 
style and calmness under pres- 
sure to hold off the much more 
experienced Gay Kelleway on 
Benisa Ryder in the Florence 
Nagle Girl Apprentices Stakes. 
Miss Harper is certainly a fine 
advertisement for the New- 
market Apprentice School, 
whose first winner she is. 

A year ago, the 2.000 Guineas 
prospects of the Vincent 
O’Brien-trained ante-post 
favourite. Gold Crest, were 
exploded when he was beaten at 
long odds-on by tbe 33-1 
chance. Caparison, in the Glad- 
ness Stakes at Tbe Curragh. It is 
unlikely that the same me will 
overtake today’s O'Brien repre- 
sentative. Tate Gallery, who 
should find underfoot con- 
ditions very much to his liking. 

The race has taken on a new 
title with Gladness p re- fixed by 
the name of Michael Smurfiu 
who this year took office as the 
chairman of the Raring Board. 

In recent weeks, Tate Gallery 
has been the medium of heavy 
support for the 2,000 Guineas, 
and yesterday afternoon the best 
price available about him was 5- 
1 for the Newmarket classic. 

As a two-year-old. he made 
three appe ranees and although a 
first-lime failure in the Heinz 57 
Phoenix Stakes, be went on to 
redeem himself witb a brace of 
smooth successes over seven 
furlongs at Hie Curragh. the 
same distance as today’s race. 

The more important of these 

wins was recorded in tbe group 
one National Stakes in which he 
beat Nashamaa by one-and-a- 
halflcngths. I was surprised that 
this did not earn him the top 
mark in the Irish two-year-old 
justification, but the handi cap- 
per preferred another O’Brien 
juvenile. Woodman. 

The opposition to Tate Gal- 
lery is headed by two youthful 
four-year-olds Lidhame and Mi- 
ami Count, who coincidentally 
finished first and second in the 
Salisbury 2.000 Guineas Trial 
last season. 

Lidhame did not win again 
and during the winter was 
transferred from John Dunlop 
at Arundel to Kevin Prcndeigast 
at The Curragh. 

Miami Couul has likewise got 
a new handler this season, going 
to Dcrmot Weld, and I would 
rate him likely to reverse the 
Salisbury placings with 
Lidhame and follow Tate 
Tallery home. 

The Irish Lincolnshire Handi- 
cap has produced a maximum 
turn-out of 30 runners, and Pat 
Eddery should have a good ride 
here on Wolveratar. 

Luqman to star in Italy 

Bright As Night (Greville 
Starkey). Hello Emani (Walter 
Swinburn) and Luqman (Paul 
Eddery) carry British bopes in 
the £28.956 added Premio 
Parioli (Italian 2.000 Guineas) 
at the Capannelle. Rome, today. 

Luqman, who won half his 
ten races last year, including the 
Mill Reef Stakes, is a fancied 
contender, although he has not 
run since finishing fourth to 
Stalker in the Middle Park on 
October 5. 

The other two have both been 
beaten this year, but Hello 
Emani failed by only half a 
length against Tisn’t at 
Kempton recently. 

Steve Cauthen rides Alex 
NuP*i-*.' winner of both bis 
races this year, while Brent 
Thomson is on Tanque Verde. 
Cauthen gained a 20-1 success 
on this colt in the Gran 
Criterium, in October. 

The French challenger. 
Bestcbreuje (Yves Saint-Mar- 
tin), who topped the Italian free 
handicap but ran terribly on his 
reappearance. Max D*or 
(Gianfranco Dettori) and 
Miscrown (Cash Asmussen), 
who used to be with Luca 
Cumani but is now trained in 
Italy, arc others with chances. 

Grevifle Starkey.wilf stay in 
Rome to ride Chapel Cottage, 
another raider for Bright as 
Nighfs owner. Terry Ramsden. 
and trainer. Mick Ryan, in the 
£10.341 added premio Natale di 
Roma (SO tomorrow . 

Tbe mare's stamina is a little 
suspect, even on the expected 
good going, but she is receiving 
weight from her eight opponents 
and that may see her safely 
home in front of Sieve 
Cauthen's mount. Mantero. 
Malevic and Capo Nord. 





Mansell quick 
to sing the 
praises of new 

From John Blunsden, Jerez de ia Frontenu Spain 



74 laps of 2.62 miles 
Tofaf: 193.88 miles 
I intruding parade lap) 


San Marino April 27 
Monaco May It 
Belgian May 25 
Canadian June 15 
USA June 22 
French July 6 
British July 13 
Getman July 27 
Hungarian August 10 
Austrian August 17 
ItaBan September? 
Portugese September 21 
Mexican October 12 
Australian October 26 

Grand Pn.\ racing’s newest 
circuit which has been created 
out of barren land in only six 
months, has been given a quali- 
fied welcome by drivers practis- 
ing for tomorrow's Spanish 
Grand Pnx. The 2.6-tnilc track 
on the eastern outskirts of Jerez 
de la Froniera — the heart of 
Spain's sherry producing re- 
gions — has surpmed everyone 
by us speed, especially as its 16 
comers are linked together by 
comparatively short straights. 

“It is about 20 mph faster 
than we thought and at compet- 
itive speed it represents a 
considerable driving challenge." 
Nigel Mansell said. His Wil- 
liams-Honda was only knocked 
off die provisional pole position 
yesterday by a meteoric last lap 
from Ayrton Senna in his Re- 
nault-powered JPS Lotus. 

“1 think the Spanish have 
done a fantastic job to get the 
track together in such a short 
space of time." added Mansell. 
“It isn't perfect, of course, but 

basically all the ingredients are 
there and the circuit can only get 
better with urne." One thing 
which was not quite all there 
yesterday morning was the full 
communication between race 
control and the individual 
marshals' posts and the result- 
ing 90-rmnute delay during the 
day meant that qualifying took 
place in relatively cool after- 
noon air. which must have 
helped lap limes. 

The circuit's mam drawback 
is the lack of overtaking 
opportunities. The first uphill 
comer after the start is the only 
logical passing point between 
cars of near equal performance. 

so we may see a lot of queueing 
tomorrow afternoon. But 
FISA'* circuit inspector. Derek 
Dngaro, sees this as a plus point , 
Both ManseQ and Senna en- 
countered certain problems dur- 
ing their domination of 
quaiifving. Mansell was in- 
advertently hindered by his 
former team colleague, Kekc 
R os berg (now with Malboro 
McLaren), on his vital lap and 
reckons would otherwise have 
been wj) down into the Imin 
22$cc bracket, while Senna, who 
lost considerable time while his 
team completed a quick engine 
change following a series of 
problems during the morning 
session, had to make his qualify- 
ing attempt with his car set too 
low. with the result that the 
bodywork was dragging along 
(he ground at several points. In 

the circumstances, his was a 
remarkable effort. 

QUALIFYING HUES: 1. A Senna (Bra). 
JPS Lotis-RenevtL 1mm 2i.6D5wc 
(115.623 mphfc 8. N Mansell tGSI W6- 
tems- Honda. 1-23.02*: 3. N Piquet (Bra). 
Mfems-Ronda. 1:23.097; 4. A Pros (Fry 
McLaren- TAG, 1:23-702: K Boston; (Fail 
McUran-TAG. 1:23.948; 6. G Berner 
(AustrwlBenaUon^MW. 1-24-50L 77 R 
Lafttta ( 

Faqi (ft). . 

Johansson <S*wL Ferran 1-25.40&J ILM 
Bnmdle (GEL TyrralFfieraua. 125. 531: 
12. H Patna* (R). Bratoam-BMW. 
126231. 13. M AJooreto (It). Ferrari. 
1 J6AS4: 14. P Tambay (Fr). Lote-Hsrt 
127.045: 15. E to Angefis fit). BraMWm- 
BM1M. 1:27 300; 16 J Palmar (G8), 
Zakspead. 1.27.600: 17. P Sfrsrff (Fr). 
Tyrran-Renault. 1:27.637; 18. T Boutsen 
(Ber.Arrqws-BMW, i 28.112; 19. A Jones 
fAus). uxa-Hart 1:29.64* 20. M Surer 
(Swdt. Arrows-BMW, 1 28.803: 21. P 
Gtwuar*{if) OMta-Alfe Romeo. 12S.8S4; 
22. c Danner (WG). OseHO-AUa Romeo. 
1-29.046; 23. J Dumfries iGB). JPS Lohjs- 
Ranautt. 1:29.093; 24. a do Cesans (A). 
Mmardt- Modena. 1.29.195. 


game for 

By Keith Macklin 

For the second successive 
week Halifax sit back tomorrow 
and hope that their struggling 
rivals for the championship 
stumble over the fences of a 
difficult run-in. Halifax have 
merely to win their remaining 
two home games against Brad- 
ford Northern and Featherstone 
Rovers to be sure of the title, 
and these games will be played 
next Wednesday and the follow- 
ing Sunday. 

Meanwhile Wigan and Hull 
Kingston Rovers face away 
carries tomorrow with injury-hil 
squads Wigan travel to 
Castleford without their front 
row forward. Wane, and with 
Kiss. Stephenson and Hampson 
doubtful. In addition, the South 
African forward. Du Toil is 
suspended, and his compatriot. 
Rob Louw. comes in at loose 
forward for his first full game 
since he signed for Wigan. 

A tired Hull Kingston Rovers 
side continue their exhausting 
final programme of sex games in 
line days with a visit to 
Swinion. and they will be with- 
out their scrum half. Harkin. 
who is suspended. Normally a 
[rip to Swinton. who seem 
loomed to relegauon. would 
not worn. Rovers overmuch, 
but the Rovers' players are 
:urrently a very weary lot. 

In the second division Roch- 
jale Hornets and Barrow play a 
vital four-pointer at Craven 
Park in a match which could 
make or mar promotion for 
both sides. 


Irish struggle 
to gain draw 
against Scots 

By Joyce Whitehead 
Ireland's women, going for 
the Home Countries grand 
slam, scrambled a l-I draw 
against Scotland as the last of 
the senes's four tournaments 
began at Largs yesterday. Mary 
Barnwell equalized in ihe last 
minute from a penalty comer 
after a goal by Marsala Young 
had given Scotland the lead in 
the 24th minute. 

In the day's oiber match 
Gillian Brown scored both 
England's goals in iheir 2-0 win 
over Wales, but the Welsh 
nonetheless defended well. 


McLean calls the title tune 

The four contenders for the 
Scottish League championship 
line up against each other in 
fierce conflict on an afternoon 
which may well become the 
most momentous in the history 
of the premier division. 

At Tannadicc. Heart of Mid- 
lothian. the leaders, meet Dun- 
dee United, who are three points 
behind but have a game in hand. 
At Pinodrie. Aberdeen and 
Celtic, who jointly command 
third place, five points behind 
Hearts but also with a game each 
in hand, know victory is essen- 
tial if either club is to remain in 

It is an intriguing situation, 
bui the most popular view is 
that the winners of the match in 
Dundee should become the 
champions. A draw, of course, 
would restore the winners of the 
Aberdeen game 10 a more 
favourable position in the race. 

Although Hearts beat Dundee 
tinned in the semi-final of ihe 
Scottish Cup last week, the 
Tannadicc l earn have recovered 

By Hugh Taylor 

from that disappointment so 
well that they beat St Mima 
convincingly in mid-week and 
arc confident that they can turn 
the tables. 

That is the opinion of the 
shrewd Jim McLean, who bases 
his prediction on a sound judge- 
ment. “Hearts." said the United 
manager, “are the best team in 
the League and are playing to 
(heir strengths. But I do not 
think they have much scope for 
improvement while, on the 
other hand, we can only im- 
prove on last week's display. But 
this time we will not allow them 
to play it their way but call our 
own tune." 

Aberdeen are beset by injuries 
but their home record against 
Celtic is impressive and they 
realize that defeat would end 
their hopes of winning a third 
successive championship. 

Celtic, who have won their 
last three games, are heartened 
bv the return of Johnston after 
suspension and McGhee, the 
former Aberdeen forward. 

following injury. Both sides 
have been inconsistent in their 
mdiflerem season and a draw 
seems the most likely result. 

Rangers are determined to 
climax with a victory in one of 
their most dramatic weeks, 
which saw the arrival of Graeme 
Sou ness as player-manager. 
Alex Totten, the assistant to the 
deposed Jock Wallace, is in 
charge of the team at Clydebank 
and he springs a surprize, bring- 
ing back MacDonald, a forward, 
who has long been out of favour, 
and dropping Cooper, the inter- 
national wing. 

Old boys 9 final 

The final of the Arthur Dunn 
Cup takes place at the Dulwich 
Hamlet ground at 3.0pm today . 
Old Brentwoods play Old 
Cholmeleians. who last won the 
trophy in 1959. Old Brentwoods 
have reached peak form in 
recent weeks, and must be 
favourites to win the Cup which 
was last theirs in 1 973. 

FIFA rift deepens as S African money lures top players 

Grant fuels defection row 

The £1 million grant an- 
nounced yesterday by South 
African Breweries (SAB) to the 
National Soccer League (NSLJ 
will inevitably increase the con- 
flict between Sooth African 
football and FIFA over the 
import of foreign players. As in 
much of the economics of Africa, 
the wealth of the continent lies 
within the southern tip. and 
more than SO professionals have 
been enticed by NSL teams to 
defect from Malawi. Mozam- 
bique. Swaziland and Lesotho, 
with the probability that further 
players will be affected from 
Zambia, Zimbabwe and Zaire. 

There are 17 Malawi inter- 
nationals already banned by- 
FIFA for transferring to their 
prosperous, expelled neigh- 
bours. The latest to move is 
Gabriel Njerngo. the Malawi 
national goalkeeper, who has 
signed for the QwaQw# Correct 
team Fairway Stars, currently 
second bottom of the league. 
South African prosperity- in the 
almost exclusively black and 
totally integrated sport, ironi- 
cally poses a threat to other 
African nations trying to develop 
World Cop teams. 

The breweries' grant, spread 
over five years, is part of an 
ambitious NSL plan to establish 

From David Miller, Johannesburg 

a £3 million academy for raising 
the levels of coaching and 
administration for their two 
million registered players, and 
ultimately for helping to build, 
with foreign investment, their 
own stadiums. At present their 
teams are obliged to rent local 
authority grounds, with per- 
mission sometimes withdrawn 
wit boat reason at the last 
minnte. or to rent “white" rugby 
grounds such as Ellis Park 
which are in financial difficulty 
and welcome black money. 

Abdul Bhamiee. the public 
relations officer and mainspring 
of the NSL, is nare pen tent about 
the drain on other countries. 
“Professional football is an open 
market,” be says. “If players 
want to lead a better life by 
coming here, who are we to stop 
them. We believe In the forces of 
entertainment and democracy, 
and we want to develop the 
human resources and education 
of our people.” 

One of the many bizarre facets 
of the Rational social crisis, yet 
in this instance a cheerful part of 
football's integration, is that the 
current top team, Grinaker 
Rangers, is all-white yet owned 
by black directors. The chair- 
man is Victor Setbole, a broker 

for the Grfnaker BoBding Com- 
pany. who bought the dob last 
year for £60,000. He had won- 
dered whether he woaM get the 
loyalty of white players bat there 
has been no pre ssu r e on Alex 
Forbes, their manager and for- 
mer Arsenal and Scotland mter- 
nxoosai, to promote the several 
premising black and coloured 
players among a squad of 26, 
which he inns with George 
Easth a m - 

“ Any black player will only be 
selected on merit,” the amiable 
Setbole says. “Throughout the 
NSL, nobody has the issue of 
apartheid oa their mind when 
they are involved with footbalL” 

But be does not believe that 
the NSL would welcome re- 
admissioa to FIFA at this 
moment, eves were that pos- 
sible. it would, be argues, be 
unacceptable to go looking for 
international prestige by using 
sport as a ladder. “Before we 
join the FIFA highway. It is 
necessary to get everything right 
socially and internally,” he says. 
He bought a football dab as a 
means of helping to establish the 
community. Eighty per cent of 
the 15,000 crowds supporting 
Forbes' team are black: the 
manager travels animpeded ia 
tormented Soweto. 


Chance for 
Marsh to 
prove he is 

By Sriknmar Sen 
Boxing Correspondent 

Terry Marsh, Britain's world- 
ranked light welterweight Euro- 
pean champion, gels his chance 
this afternoon to prove that bets 
ready to challenge Patrizio 
Oliva, of Italy, the world Box- 
ing Association champion. 

When March defends his title 
against another Italian, 

Francesco Prezioso. at the Paris 
Lido, Douglas. Isle of Man, he 
must dispell doubts about the 
left band be broke when he 
stopped Alessandro Scapecetii. 
yet another Italian, to win the 
European title last October. 
Against Oliva, who was voted 
the best boxer at the Moscow 
Olympics. March's jab will have 
to be in top shape. 

The doubts about his hand 
arose in his last defence in 
January against Tex 
N'Kalenkete. of France, March 
stopped using his left after two 
rounds and wrestled the French- 
man around the ring for the 
remaining ten boring rounds. If 
bis hand was giving him trouble 
it was the only thing he could do 
to save his title, even if tele- 
vision viewers at home were 
switching off. 

The next day. however. 
March said his hand was all 
right It was only because he 
thought that his hand was 
plaving up that he hung on to 
N*Kalenkete tightly as if be were 
rescuing the Frenchman from a 
fire in his proper job as a 
fireman in Basildon. It was not 
quite a convincing story. Today 
that hand will be put to the test. 

If Marsh’s hand is in feet in 
good order he should win 
clearly. Prezioso has not met a 
man so mentally sharp, quick, 
agile and fit as the former 
marine. With Oliva's energy 
devoted to chasing the world 
title, and Scapecdu forced into 
retirement after the sixth round 
knockout by Marsh, Prezioso 
bad little trouble winning his 
national title against moderate 
opposition. The Italian is not a 
puncher, having stopped only 
one opponent in his 18-bout 
career, and relies on boxing and 
evasive skills to survive. 

March, who relies on his jab 
to set his man up for the short 
body and head shots, may have 
trouble finding him and may be 
led a dance before collaring the 
Italian. March in full flow is 
exciting to watch and the crowd 
should be well entertained by 
this contesL 

Manxmen should also get 
their money's worth from the 
chief supporting contest in 
which Hughroy Currie, of 
Caiford, the British heavy- 
weight champion, defends 
against a stable mate of Frank 
Bruno. Horace Notice. 

Notice has boxed only 35 
rounds in eight bouts but looks 
the sharper and more alert and 
carries an explosive punch. 
Even though Currie has the 
heavier punch Notice is not 
averse to carrying the fight to 
the champion. 

The challenger, who like all 
Terry Lawless's boxers, is bound 
to be superbly turned out, will 
probably push Currie to a fester 
pace than the heavier champion 
would like in the hope of 
finishing off as soon as he begins 
to puff and his arms and legs 
sian to protest 


Marsh: testing time 


First division 

Arsenal v Everton - 

A Viita v Watford 

Ipswich v Manchester C 

Liverpool v Coventry 

Luton v Tottontiam 

Newcastle v Birmingham — 

Nottingham F v Chelsea — . — ..... 


Southampton v Leicester — 

West Ham v Oxford 

Scottish second division 

Dunfermline v Albion — 

Queen ol Stti v E Stirling — 

Queen's Park v Berwick .... 

Stenhsmuir v Raith 

Stirling v Arbroath 

St Johnstone v Meadowbartk 

Stranraer v Cowdenbeath 

MULTIPART LEAGUE: Burton v Marine: 
Goote v South Lwereool: Horanch v 
Gffteshsad. Nytte * Burton: Mattock » 
Chaney; Morecambe v Gainsborough: 
Oswestry * MacdesheM; Rhyl v Wilton; 
Workington v Caernarfon; Worksop v 

Deovmrth if Corby; Chelmsford w 
AtiecfitfCrt. Crawley » Wtfmg; Fareham v 
King a Lynn. Fisher « Worcester: Fofre- 
atijne » Basingstoke. Stapsned v RS 
Southampton. VVIMenhaH v Gravesend. 
Witney v Dudley Midland OHratori; Ban- 
bury l)w v U4e Oak Rovers: Coventry 
Sportmg v Gloucester City: Forest (keen 
Rovers v Reddnch Uttf: Leamington v 
Hedtortonl Town: Longer UMvfiaston 

Town. Merthyr TydM v Bridgnorth Town: 
Rushpen 7owiT v Sutton CrAtteW Town: 
Stourbridge v Wellingborough Town. VS 
Rugby v Bromsgrove Rws. Southern 
drawn: Ashford town v Hastings Town. 
Burnham and Hillingdon « Watsrioovlle: 
Canterbury City v Dorchester Town; 
Chatham Town v Conntn ia n: Dover Am v 
Sheopey Uto. Dunstable v Andover 
Salisbury v Entti and Belvedere. Thanet 
UM v Poole Town; Trowbridge Town v 
Rinsfip. Woodford Town v Cambridge 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: FsSt tftfsto n (2.1% 
Everton v Aston Vrfa; vvoan v Manchester 

find drv m ip n; BMmgtOfl v Grama: 
EMtoanam Town v Tow Law; Bishop 
Auckland V Ferrytmt Brandon v Pwartee: 
Conswt v Wtwtjy: Ryiupe v Chester -te- 
S treat south Bank u Biyiti; wmtey Bay v 
Crook 7 

mier dhriston: Brstrt CBy v Plymouth, 
Bristol Manor Farm v Eunouth Town; 
Chtajenham Town * Chard Town; Froma 
Town v Ctevedon Town: Lokwtf Ath * 
Weston-Srtter-Mate, MeAgham Town u 
Dswash Town. Umehead v Taunton 
T own. Pauton Rvrs v satiash Utd; 
Tomngajn v oanaown 

Second division 

Barnsley v Blackburn 

Bradford v Morwteb 

Brighton v Shrewsbury — 

Chariton v Huddersfield — 

Fulham v Hull - — 

Grimsby v C Palace — 

Leeds v MiUwall 

Middlesbrough v Portsmouth 

Sheffield Utd v Oldham 

Stoke v Carlisle 

Wimbledon v Sunderland 

Gola League 

Barnet v Stafford 

Barrow v Weymouth — — 

Bath v Altrincham 

Boston v Cheltenham 

Dagenham v Runcorn - 

Enfield v Fncklay — 

Northwich v Dartford 

Nunealon v ICminstar — _ — 

Scarborough v Maidstone 

wealdstone v Telford 

vatorc Annexion utd v Hounslow; 
Almondsbury Greenway v Mormon Town; 
Bicester Town w Poqaius Jnrs: Fariora 
Town v Thame UtcL Maidenhead Town v 
AtwigdOn Town: Sharpness v Morns 
Motors. WaUmghxd Town v Raynors 
Lane. Wantage Town v Short w ood Utd: 
Yam Town v Swpernwnno. 

Brentham Ath v Cmttarte Town: Biry 
Town v Sudbury Town. Clacton Town V 
Groat Yarmouth i own; Fekxstowe Town v 
HavemrU Rots; Gorleston v Saham Town 
Rngr*. Harwich and Parfceston v Hstorv 
Lowestoft v By City. Tbetford Town v 
Stowmarket Town. Bulldog Petroleum 
Cup: Third round: CoKneator Uto Rea v 
March Town UHJ: Wisbech Town » 
BraPnroe Town. 

Town v Lancing: Easthoume Town v 
Arundel. Littiehamoton Town v Shorehani; 
Midhurst v Hateham Town (2-0); Ringm&r 
v Whiiehewh. Sleynmg Town y 
Peacehaven: Hitee Qnduas v Ctechester 
City League CtoBange Cup: TMtttiewid: 
Ponfien v Horsham YMCA. 

tonetore Arsenal v Portsmouth; Cam. 
bridge v Orient: Chariton v Ipswcft; 
Omsaa i Mdiwall; Gubngrom v Totten- 
ham; Nonwcn v West Haw Waiford v 
Sou mend Utd. Second dhiiston: Bourne- 
mouth v Colchester Utc Boats) Rvrs v 
Brentford: Crystal Palace v Oxford Utd: 
Southend Utd v Swindon Town; WunWe- 
don v Luton Town; Brighton u 

LEAGUE: Premier dvtaMR Anesey v 
STDtftM: Bourne u Long Buddy: SracWey 
v Ronom: Irvmgborouqh v St. Moots. 
Newport Patjne* v Ampthfl: N'ton Spen- 
cer * EynesDury; Raimds v Hofeeech; 

Rothwefl v DestwOugh; Stamford u 
Buckingham. Wooton v Baloock 

Third division 

Bolton v Notts Co 

Bristol B v Blackpool 

Doncaster v Cardiff — 

Lincoln v Derby 

Newport v Chesterfield 

Plymouth v Bury - 

Heading v York 

Rotherham v Wigan 

Swansea v Dartington 

Walsall v Gillingham — 

Wolverhampton v Bournemouth 

BAe (Weybndge): Ctwrtswy Town v 
Meistham. ChOCtem v Malden Town: 
Crankugh v C o bh a m . Farteigh Rvrs v 
Famham Town; Fleet Town v Maiden 
Vale; Godatmmg Town v Cove: Hartley 
Wmmey v Westfield; Honey Town v 
FnmiBy Green 

Acc nn qtcn Stanley v Pannttr. Boons v 
Leek Town; Bursccugh v Stalybndge 
Celtic; Easrwood Hanley v Cwnero©; 
Fleetwood Town v Wmstord Utd: GtOSSOD 
v Formay. Irlam Town v Congteton Town; 
Present Cables v Nsttwhefa; RadcMfg 
Borough v Lay land Motors: St Hawns 

Town v G men Ashton. 

Fmafc Hoddesdon Town v Selby. 

ARTHUR Dunn CUP: Fi net 6k) Broitt- 
woooa v Om Chatmeteians tat Dulwich 
Hamlet FC». 

Chesmre v Hertfordshire (AKrmcSiam). 
Ards v Gtemoran; Ballymena » Lame; 
Camcfc v Qenarvon: Dtsttlety v Crusad- 
ers; Lmfieta v Coterame; Newry « 
CWtonvde: Ponadown v Bangor 


BOWLS: World indoor pairs (at 

DARTS: Burins festival (at Brighton!. 
GOLF: Haoord Hewitt (at Royal Cmoue 
Ports. Deal). 

JUDO: Bja Men's Open championships 
(81 Crystal Palace NSCL 
Lawn TENNIS: Prudential Under-lS Brit- 
ish hard court cnamponsnos (at Wimble- 
don): Western counties BMW tournament 
(at Hprtwio Common. Bristol). . 
RACKETS: Ceteswti open doubles (at 
Owen s Chib). 

REAL TENNIS: Georqa Wimpey wo*M 
angles and doubles tournament (at Leam- 
rngun and Moreton MorreHL 
SNOOKER: Benson & Hedges Irish Mas- 
ters (at Goffs. fW. County KMare)_ 

~ T RACKETS: Ht-Tee Sports British 
I quaMymg tournament (at Dunnings 

SWIMMING: Britain u USSR v Nether- 
lands (at Coventry). 


mier division: Btoeharts v Harteston 
Magpie Cambridge Cty v Peteracreugn 

Amerehani * Indian Gymnnana. 

Fourth division 

Burnley v Cambridge 
Chester v Exeter 

Hartlepool v Southend 

Hereford v Wrexham 

Northampton v Aldershot 

Peterborough v Halifax 

Preston v Orient 

Rochdale v Colchester ... 

Swindon v Scunthorpe 

Torquay v Trartmere 


SHIP: Rnaf 

Kent v Warwickshire (at Twickenham) 
OrreS v Liverpool. 


Aberavon v a*w Vale 
Bath v Newport 
Bmrengharn v Nuneaton 
Bradford v Moriey 
Bnsfof v Leicester 
Broughton Park v Rounckiay 
Cross Keys v Bndgend 
Glamorgan Wndrs v Plymouth 
Goslonfi v Kendal 
Ooucesrer v Neath 
Hawax v Fytta 
Hare*’ v Coventry 
London ban v Mosetey 
London Welsh v Prewdent'a XV 
Met Pofece v AMrasery 
Northampton v Eratar 
Nottingh am v Richmond 

Scottish premier division 

Aberdeen v Celtic 

Clydebank v Rangers 

Dundee Utd v Hearts 

Hibernian v Dundee 

Open { 

v Rugby 
Pontytxxx v SA 
Pontypridd v Penartti 
Rcs^iyn Pa* v Harlequins 
Shaftteto v Hartfepoof Rvrs 
Swansea v Carddf 
Tredegar v Measteg 
Vale of Lunev heaomgiey 
Wakefield v Sarecens 
Wasps v Bedford 
W a terloo v Steckheath 
West Hariepooi v West of Scoeand 

HEN'S TOURNAMENTS: Home countries 
mtematiena) tournament 121 Inver&ydSK 
Dertysnm duos tnanament (at Charles 
Htf Ground. Beeson): Devon cun tour- 
nament [at Exmouth t Plymouth): 
Gtoucestersrere dub Tournament tai 
Cneaennami; junior dw is to nai tour- 
namant (at Feftham School. 


First division 

Manchester Utd v Sheffield Wed 

Third division 

Brentford v Bristol Qiy (11.45) 

G OLA LEAGUE: Runcorn v Dartford. 

Motherwell v St Mirren 

Scottish first division 

Airdrie v Dumbarton 

Ayr v Alloa — 

Clyde w Hamilton 

E Fife v Brechin 

Falkirk v Morton — 

Forfar v Kilmarnock 

Montrose v Partick — 


tatd v Fe a thers t o n e: Casdetord v Wigan; 
Leeds v Warrington: Sartord v St Helens. 
Swsiton v Hul KR: wwnes v Hull; York v 
Oaxtatn Second dMsMMr Bamy* v 
Rochdale: Blackpool v Huns let Bramtey v 
Doncaster; Le^h v Woridngton; Sheffield 
Eagles v Baoeyr Wakefield v Keighley: 
WfeteTOven v Huddersfield. 


Reading v Newuey (2.15). 

lor 1986 CoripettbOR KCS OB « 
GuAflora S Gooamng (at UntversRy 
Vanaais. 3 0). 

COUNTY HATCH: Devon Under-Zl v 
ComwaO Undar-21 (at Oketompwn). 


final: Soumgate v W alton (i2.). 

Sore Court v Bessa; Harrow Town 
Swans v OKI Marc na nt Ti 
Bar* « OB wflkams on erw: 

Orpmgton: Woking v Merton; St 
South Saxons. 

TOURNAMENTS: Home countries Inter- 
naoona coumamem (at Inrerriyctok Amor 
rivrsonaf eoumamem (at Fettftam School). 


AfiSnCAN FOOTBALL; SirteyThunder- 
bexts v Amsterdam Crusaders (at Esher 
RFC. 1 £n. 

BADMINTON: inter -county dij i iM On a h te 
tmafc Lancashire v Surrey (at RAoy HaV. 
wrea Green. Preston). 

BOWLS: World indoor pairs 

DARTS: Buttns (estival (Brighton). 

GOLF: Hattord Hewitt (HOyaf Cinque 
Porrs. Deafl.. 

LAWN TENNS: British Home Stores 
Cumberland tournament (Cumberland 
LTC. Hampstead). Dorset closed 
champonafeps (Csrrtord School). 
RACKETS; Cefedtion Open dQubtes 

REAL TENM& George Wtmpey world 
singles/doubles tournament 
rLaammgton/Moreion uorrea).. 
SNOOKER: Benson & Hedges tosh Mas- 
ters iGorts. h*. County k«arat 
SQUASH RACKETS: rf-Tec Sports British 
Open - Ouatrtyng (Oumtngs MR SC). 


Fi ghting spirit has led final 
counties to overcome 

U is a curiosity of ibis season's 
county championship. Spon- 
sored tiy Thome EMI. that both 
today's finalists at Twickenham 
lost their opening matches: 
Kent to last season's winners, 
Middlesex, and Warwickshire. 
10 Leicestershire. Vet. nothing 
dauflled. they have dem- 
onstrated a commendable ap- 
petite for the competition and 
disposed of the two tradlnorally 
strong counties. Gloucestershire 
and Lancashire, to reaA the 
flnaL ■ 

-We didn't give ■ up after 
losing to Middlesex.” Rick 
Bodenham. the Kent captain. 

By David Hands, Rugby CorrespMdfiiit 

eastern, w* ta' c 
competition seriously. A tot of 
work has been done by admin- 
istrators and players, some of 
whom may see this as another 
stage oft wtedi to impress. 
Mow. the Kent hooker, uonc 

bv the return to fitness of Paul 
Thomas, the flanker and Gulli- 
ver the lock, who sustained 
groin and back Injuries respect 
lively in the semi-final against 
Lancashire. ..... 

Warwickshire wdl wish *° 

their powerful pack, led by 
Rifobins. England's number 
ejght at the start of this inter- 
national season, allied fo the 
tactical kicking of Steve 
Thomas, their scrum bait, as a 
basis for victory. Kent, wbiic 
not ignoring the qualities of 
their forwards, will hope to 
move the ball away from the set 
pieces, knowing they hav e the 

sprain, pieces, xmiwms p T 

said-“We did well against elusive Colyer and the powertw 
Hertfordshire and Surrey. We Cokeli among ihetr backs and 
tried to throw the ball around, the speed and strength of Cheval 
knowing we needed a tot of and Skinner in support. 

points. The spirit of afl ■ the 
players, most of whom have 
been together for two and a halt 
seasons, has been good. They 
have pulled for each other.” 

Bodenham. a product of 
Loughborough University, re- 
tires after today's game at the 
age of 28. He has been troubled 
by an arthritic hip and has 
postponed seeking medical ad- 
vice in order to see through his 
committment with Kent. His 
loyalty will offer an extra reason 
for Kent's players to do well in 
their first county final for 57 

It is 14 years since Warwick- 
shire were last in a final and 21 
since drey won it at the end of an 
eight-year period traditionally 
associated with an outstanding 
Coventry pack. Coventry's for- 
wards are again the cause of 
Warwickshire's presence at 
Twickenham today, reassured 

Cheval, who has played for 
Auckland, has had a good 
season which included sdecnon 
for London against Paris. Skin- 
ner might have done better if 
injury bad not removed him 
from' cornea bon on the eve of 
the divisional championship in 

“We have some . exernng 
players.” Bodenham said, “ana, 
like Warwickshire and Lan- 

who has reached England under- 
23 level helped by exposure on 
foe county scene, and there wll 
be additional pleasure duos 
like Bailerc Buns and Askeam. 
eicn for Tbanet Wanderers, 
who lave, a represeutauve 
among. Kent’s replacements - in 
foal thrir playing strength is on 
show at a Twickenham final. 

WARWICKSHIRE iCovmXry ttriten 


S?agsuas-. , g&g 

ABmodl P eBMflbUti, R Hohm, KRntor, D 

lUkaaroi. H O wteBa w 

S A rumour is denied 

Bob Templeton and Brian 
Lochore, who will manage the 
overseas unions teams in next 
week's International Board Cen- 
tenary games at Cardiff and 
Twickenham, arrived in Lon- 
don yesterday and denied any 
knowledge ot Australian or New 
Zealand involvement with an 
international invitation party to 

Cougars in the hunt 


By fan Mcf aucfalan 

The American Cougars make 
a interesting entry to the Mel- 
rose Sevens this afternooon at 
Greenyards. The Cougars, six of 
whom played in Hong Kong, 
include Tommie Smith, who 
was named player of the tour- 
nament- The Americans are all 
big. fost men who are keen to 
make an impression on the 
Scottish circuit. 

The other overseas team is foe 
Racing Club de Paris who list 
foe French international. Pardo 
amongst their players. The third 
invitation side are Wasps, who 
won the Middlesex tournament 
last season. They have three 
England backs. Baflev, Smith 
and Davies in their line-up. 

The main challenge by a 
Scottish side will come from 
Kelso, who hope to have their 

captain and hooker. Callander 
fiL The Border side have won 
there for the last two vears and 
with six of their men fresh from 
Hong Kong they are confident 
of success. The other home 
challengers will be Hawick, who 
will have gained confidence 
from their win in foe Gala 
tournament last Saturday. They 
have Cottrell deputising foe 
Oliver at scrum half 
The Scotland Uoder-19 and 
Under-21 teams pfey their Ital- 
ian equivalents in Piacenzo this 
afternoon. Both - Scottish sides . 
include players with s enior 
experience but anticipate hard 
games.. Although foe under- 1 9s 
are led by Buckley from the 
second row r much will be ex- 
pected of Cameron,' the stand- 

South Africa in May (David 
Hands writes). 

Lochore. who wifi coach the 
tides next week, said the domes- 
tic programmes in both his 
country and Australia were so 
hectic that there would be Htxte 
time for visits to South Africa, 
either by administrators or 

tough task 

An infltrenza^strickea Roma- 
nian foam face a huge challenge 
when foe)* meet France in the 
northern. French, town of LiDe 
today. The Romanians, demor- 
alized after their 30*18 defeat 
against Scotland in Bucharest a 
fortnight imo. and in the throes 
of developing a team for next 
year’s World Cup. have never 
won an international on French 
soft. . . . 

For France, whose team will 
be the same as foe one which 
beat England last month to gain 
a share of the five-nations' 
championship, the match is an 
important part of the process of 
spreading the rugby gospel be- 
vond the boundaries of the 
game's heartland in the south- ^ 
west of foe country. 9 


Timms benefits from 
influence of Fletcher 

B; Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent - 

Swedes in 
title hunt 

Sally Timms, of Woodford 
Green, Essex, has beaten three 
seeded players to reach, today's 
girls' singles final of the British 
junior championships on shale, 
sponsored by foe Prudential 
Assurance Company and played 
at Wimbledon on courts seldom 
exposed to public scrutiny. The 
seeds dismissed by Miss 
Timms, aged’ 16, have been 
Alison Fleming (8th). Clare 
Wood (2nd), and. yeserday, 
Anne Simpkin (5th). 

Miss Timms. 5ft 6tn tall, is 
sturdy lass, who weighs in at 
almost ten stone. She is one of 
force teenagers who, in foe past 
two months, have benefited 
from the advice of Ken Fletcher, 
the onoe-renowned Australian 
who now manages the Slough 
Indoor Tennis Centre. 

Fletcher liked what he saw of 
Miss Timms, Kate Rickelt and 
Vafda Lake during foe junior 
indoor championships in Janu- 
ary. Sue Mappin, foe women's 
national team manager, agreed 
to allocate some of her budget to 
their advancement under 

Fletcher's guidance.. In return, 
she demanded of all three 
players “£2l worth of sweat an 
hour", as .Miss Mappin put ii 

“They all think he’s terrific". 
Miss Mappin said. Miss Timms 
suggested foal Fletcher had been 
particularly helpful in terms of 
technique, ways of winning 
points, and what to think about 
between rallies. She confessed 
that, pre- Fletcher, her mental 
approach to competitive tennis 
had been far from ideal. 

These junior championships 
have had a wretched week: wet 
and windy, cold and dreary. 
Yesterday's play began two 
hours late — because frost had 
damaged the shale courts — and 
was then confined to the only 
court provided with electrical 
underground heating. The 
weather was chilly — but often 
sunny and embellished, visu- 
ally, by the slightest of snowfalls. 
In short, it was no day for tennis 
but. eventually, they played 

Sweden, maintained their 
dominatien of the WCT Finals 
on Tharsday aighf in Dallas 
when Stefan Edberg, the third 
seed, and the mueeded Anders 
Jarryd won straight-set victories 
to advance tetbesari-Emds. 

Ed berg, a quarter-final loser 
but year in his first WCT finals, 
beat the Frenchman Yannick 
Noah 6-3, 7-6, 7-6, and wffl non 
face the winner of foe match 
between Boris Becker, of West 
Germany, foe second seed, and * 
Faal Annaooae, of foe United 
States, in foe semi-finals on 

Jarryd beat his fellow 
countryman, Joaltixa Nystrom. 
foe fourth seed. 6-4, 6-2, 6-4 ia 
an earfier match, in die semi' 
ftMlt he wffl play his compa- 
triot, Mats WHander, foe top 
seed, ensuring font at least one 
Swede wiB reach foe fatal for foe 
first time since Bjorn Borg lost 
to John McEnroe in 2979. 

Edbeig's t wo h oa r victory 
over Noah was a pleasant 
change from k&t' week's dismal 
first-round defeat in Atlanta fra 
the 20-yearwrid right-hander. 


Wienecke pulls out 

By Philip Nkksan 

Frank Wienecke. the West 
German who in 1984 won foe 
Olympic light-middleweight ti- 
tle at the expense of Britain’s 
Neil Adams, will not after all be 
coming to meet Adams in the 
2 1st British Open champion- 
ships at Crystal Palace today 
despite being listed earlier as a 
member of bis country's team. 

Wienecke won the Dutch 
Open last weekend and has 
derided that the British event 
comes too soon after it This 
gives Adams a clearer run to 
what would be a record ninth 

British title, though it will be by 
no means easy. He will face a 
powerful challenge from Jean- 
Michel Berth et of France, foe 
American, Brett Barron, and his 
main domestic rival, Martin 
McSorley, of Scotland. 

Despite WieneckeV absence 
there is still a world-dam 'field 
for foe event in which Elvis 
Gordon. Britain's top heavy- 
weight, and Kerri tb Brown, an 
Olympic bronze medal winner 
at lightweight, will be hard 
pressed to win titles. ’ 

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Rugby warm 
to Hewitt 

- By Nicholas Keith 

The key factor on the second . 
.day of the Halford Hewitt 
yesterday was the weather and 
with - the word “thermal" on 
everyone's tips, you could be 
sure that foe conversation had 
turned to underwear rather than 
warm winds. 

The unfinished match be- 
tween Rugby and Hafleybury 
lived up to the best traditions of 
foe Hewitt. The derisive third 
game resumed at the nineteenth ijh 
in a flurry of snow, driven across 
the finks at Deal by foe biting 
north east wind. 

Gardner and Paflock missed a 
chance for Hafleybury at the 
second extra hole by taking 
throe, puns from no distance; 
Osborne saved Rugby with a 
long putt for a half at the third 
and the match ended in his 
side's favour at the short fourth 
■where a one iron off the tee was 
the order of the day. Rugby woo 
with a four.' ' 

in the prime match of foe 
second round. Sherborne found 
themselves up in .all five 
matches early, on . against#) 
Shrewsbury, but they allowed 
tilings to slip mainly through 

In the bottom, half. 
Uppingham and Maxiborough, 
two of foe stronger teams, 
qualified to meet io the third 
round - this morning. Malvern 
narrowly defeat Stowe; their 
bottom pair got their noses in 
front at the seventeenth - 

RESULTS? otto Rnt rand: Rugt?r M 
Haieyoury, 3-2; Doteoctv bt CtottWiWL 
4-1; CMlan t* WssMtoster. S-fl. Sacond 
raumftEomburghAcateraybtAiiKitstoriL . 
3-4 Stemnbnw bt StortumaT^-KV 
Watson's W AMsntam. 5-0; Eton tih 
StonyftwsL4»-fcBfu««te'toMBrtft5' . 
1: Mtevorn bt Siowh, 34. SndNlctoiW 
raooct Marctnston w St PteTa. *5 
« « 3* OwtoM itt 

4K-K: Forest tt Badtort, 5* 
bt Mmftatt Taytore 1 , 4*1: 

_ — e , — w Wtofcia 4-li topton » 
City of LonOon. 



r lvv 


6.46 Open Unjvmsfty Note© and 
interference. 7.10 Hospital 
Reafitiee.7.30 Poficy 
Making: After the Act 8.00 

8J0 WakTiflW Father Gets 
. Home. Erma announces 
she's pregnant and Harry 
fs depgmsd. 

.8^5 B anm a ma n. Eric b 
Bananaman with the 
■voices ofUm Brooke- 
Taytor, Bill Odffie, Graeme 
Garden and Jffl Stifling (r% 
a 00 Saturday Superstor&TSB 
RodcScnoal 1986. Finals 
of the national rock and 
‘ ■ 

toads and 25 years after 
Yuri Gagarin the 
programme looks back at 
man in space. Sarah 
Greens bring? news -from 
thetondon Camden 

12.15 Grandstand. Cricket West 
InCBes v Errand. 1Z35 
Fbotba&with the Cup Final 
only a month away. 1455 
News and Weather. 1.00 
Bowls. 1.55 Racing from 
-Ascot 2.10 lea Hockey. 


; ,fn - r isk 

Swimming GB v USSR v 
' Holland. 2.10 Rating from 
Ascot including foe 
- Condboard Novices - 
HancBcap'Cftase over 2% 
mHes. 3JS Ice Hockey. 
3^0 HaH-tima.4.00 Goff 
from The Masters in 
Augusta, Georgia. 449 
Final Scores. . 

550 News with Jan Learning; 

5.15 Snort and rscrional news. 


{ i !' ’f»*. 

Star Debbie Harry of 
Blonde, overwhelmed by 
her admirers sings One 
Way or Another and CaB 

545 The Dukes of Hazzard 
Boss Hogg foresees a 
grim future as his wife 
. discovers he's cashed her 
nest egg, but of course foe 
Dukes wHl save foe day. 

&30 Every Second Counts 

Comedy quiz against the 
dock with PauTDanlete. 

7.05 The Coltectora Part 7. A 
dog rowed ashore seems 
incongruous to a Swedish 
yachtswoman. When 
reported there are fears it 
may be rabid (Ceefax). 

755 FBne Hanky Panky {1982). 
Directed by Skfcrey Poirier. 
Comedy thrffier with Gene 
Wilder as the innocent 
victim, an architect 
wrongly accused of 
murder, he goes on the 
run and is trapped on a 
deathly rotter coaster. 

9.40 News and Sport with Jan 
Looming; Wea ther 

9l55 Cagney and Lacey The . 

new lades of the New 
- York police department 


power struggle. Chris 
■. Cagney takes over trie 
precinct when Lt Samuels 
is away and Mary Beth's 
nose is out of joint 
1040 FBovAGudefortbe 
Married Woman 11978). 
Comedy about a bored 
housewife tempted by a - 
curious adulterous .. 
suggestion. Cybffl 
Shephard as foe affluent 
American woman. fitiaDy ■ 
forced to question her ’ 
motives when her 
fantasies turn toreaflty. 

12.15 Weather 

vjfccxKi mormng pfiuwi 
. introduced by MSce Morris, 
. . Weather with David 
Phtoott at 658. News at 
7.00, Sport at 7.15L 
. 750 The WMe Awake Chib 
DofoWn Flipper, . .. 

" adventures of foe Gobots, 
News at 8JS, Tommy 
Boyd, Arabella Wamar 
and James Baker launch a 
competition far leukaemia 
* research, and as usual the 
bed-making contest 

945 No 73 Dramatics. Ethel and 
.. company. 

1140 Captain Scarlet faces 
court marshaBfrt. 

1140 Secret RaRy Spider 
McQu/khasan - 
. obnoxious smafl cousin. • 

1240 fTN News (Oracle). 

1245 Saint and Greavste tan St 
John and Jimmy Greaves 
on soccer. 

1240 Wresting the Gotdlen 

Grappierfrom Reetwood 
Marine HaL Big Daddy v 
Danny Coffins and “The 
Emperor" and “Bearcat" 
Wright . 

150 Airwotf adventure series 
about a super-heHeoptor 

2.15 Benson; It ain’t sheik. 
Diplomacy is required in 
the matter of decor. 

245 International Beating The 
Europea n light weight ' 

vfrancesco Prazfoso for 

445 Results service 5.00 rTN 

545 Connections teenage quiz 
with Sue Robbie. 

545 Robin of Sherwood part 
two. Mission to rescue 
Marian from Cl lot Castle. 

640 Chad's Ptayin 
which chHdran 
define long words 
and guests Kenneth 
WtWamsarid . 

• Beverly Anderson 
guess them. 

7.00 Bobby Davro On the Box 
impressions of Bonnie 
Langford, Su Pollard, Aieoc 
HkxSns and Gloria 
Hunniford. Max Headroom 

740 The Price is Right with 
' Leslie Crowther. 

840 Tartoy and Friends Jimmy 
Tarbuck welcomes Shirley 
Bassey, 19-year-old 

Jason Camay as Robin is Herae’s San, the second episode of 
Robin of Sherwood, oa ITV at 5J5pm 

Samantha Fox (wfth her 
first pop recording) and 
young comic Louie 
Anderson. • - - - 

9.15 CJLT4. Eyes the lady 
detectives on the tra! of a 
kfflar - could they be HeUs 
Angels? . . 

10.15 ITN News and Sport 

10^0 The Late Clive James 
Antony Jay, co-writer of 
Yes. Prime Minister and 
- former Cabinet ministBr 
Michael Hesettme have a 
word or two wfth the sharp 
' Australian journalist. 

11.15 LWT News Hsadtaies 
followed by Ffim: The 
Thing (1 962) HorrorfBm, 

‘ remake of the famous 
-4951 version, of arvaflen - • 
- that takes on the form of 
its victims. 12 Americans 
are threatened on a 
scientific investigative 
voyage to the antarctic. 

1.10 Mght Thoughts with Cofin 

BBC 2 - ’ 

640 Open University 

Community Education in 

Belfast 745 Biology 7.40 
Work 6.05 The G«1 that 
Rules 840 Broadcast 
. Rituals 845 Social 
Administration 950 Social 
Sciences 9.45 Maths 

10.10 Argument on 
Television 1045 Electrons 
and Atoms 11.00 Decision- 
making in Britain 1155 
The Gambia of 
Investment? 11.50 Antony 
and Cteopatra 12.15 
Exploring Frequency 
Space 12.40 Animal 
physiology 1 .05 Managing 
foe Managers 1.30 
Mapping: the MenOp 

145 Rugby toedalThom EMI 
County Championship 
FinaL Kant who have not 
won the championship 
since 1927 v 

240 Sunday Grandstand 

introduced by. Bob Wilson. 
Motor Racing from Jerez 
in Southern Spain 4.00 
World Bowls: the Final 

5.00 Swimming GB v 
USSR vHofland 540 
Basketball at the 
Cartsberg National 

640 The Money Programme 
with Brian Wki lake and 
Valerie Singleton, reports 
on cheap computers and 
Amstrad’s success and 
takes a look at Nissan's 
North East factory. 

7.15 Nature How much 

pesticide do we swallow? 
Tony Soper and lain Guest 
Investigate. Trail bikes 
blasting through dunes 
may be damaging our 
natterjack toads. 

745 Work* Bowls Nine 

countries in 16 teams were 
in this series a week ago. 
Now five countries remain, 
fighting for the £10,000 

8.10 Juan Carioa: King of AB 
the Spaniards After 
Franco's death, Juan 
Carlos became king; he 
has restored monarchy 
and inaugurated 
democracy. He granted an 
exclusive interview to Jack 
Pizzey, to be shown the 
week before his State Visit 
to Britain. 

9.10 Golf: The Masters Sve 
from Augusta, Georgia. 
Bernhard Langer, the 

_ - - defending champion, plays 
. Severiano Ballesteros. 

1240 &and Prix The track In 
Jerez, Spain is 2.6 miles 
long; Formula One cars 
compete for foe Spanish 
Grand Prix. 

1240 Closedown. 


1.05 ECO Start of a new six part 
series on tha environment. 
Today a took at Britain's 
wetlands; the Fens, 
valleys and 

140 Birds of Britain David 
Bellamy looks at 
heafofand habitat 

240 Murder, he Says (1945)* 
Lrvefy farce about a calm 
market researcher who 
meets a wild hUMly family 
with bafficose twins who 
assault him. 

345 Ffen: Murder In The 
Private Car (1934)* 
Comedy mystery thriller 
about a threatened heiress 
on a trans-American rail 
journey. Charlie Ruggles 
as the detective who 
offers to protect her. 

455 Andy Panda Cartoon. 

545 Broofcskto Omnibus 
edtion-Harry can’t wait to 
find out who Madge wflf 
bring to Torquay to make 
up the foursome, (r) 

640 Right to Reply Viewers 
answer back about ITV 
and Channel 4 recording 
their messages in foe 
video box. 

640 Faces of Kerry “Footbafl 

in Kerry is a reHgton'' says 
writer John B Keane. 
There’s also currach- 

740 Seven Days Robert Kee 
and Ann Loades look at 
the moral issues behind 
the week's news. 

740 Spring on 4 Actress 
Cherts Lung hi picks out 
Charnel 4's highlights. 

745 20/20 Viaton Another 
investigative documentary 
from foe makers of Ml 5 s 
Official Secrets. 

840 Held ki Trust Diana Rigg 
. presents a second look at 
foe National Trust for 
Scotland: foe gardening 
school at Threave and 
Cutzean Castle, Robert 
Burns' betchetora' dub 
and Souter Johnnie's 

940 Royalty the West German 
television documentary 
about the British Royal 
family. Trooping the 
Colour, Royal Ascot and 
Buckingham Palace 
garden partiss. Interview 
with Princ8 Philip and film 
of him an a visit to West 

1040 Hfil Street Blues In 

hospital Hunter is smitten 
. with romance as the 
heatwave continues .cops 

1140 Tennis Tha Buick WCT 
finals from Dallas. Worth 
over half a million dollars 
to one of twelve men. 

140 Closedown. 

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555 ShipplngFwBeast 640 News 
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750 Down to Earth. Weekend 
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Money. On the 25th 

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tafts to two group 


*» m Mews; mtematmnai 
Assi gnment SBC 
corre^aondents report from 
around the world. 

440 The Saturday Feature: 

7TW Wound Dresser. 

American Civil War from 
tha journals, teticrsa™ 

Hopkins. With P^r Acre. 
840 Bwer*s Dozen. Richard 
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940 Thrtteri Part 2 of Ruth 
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958 Weather 

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pm Options: 440 The Music 
Makers. Edward 
Seckerson meets composer 
Oliver Knussen ($) 440 
Spain - Ten Years On. Rober 
QBham reviews the . 
events of 23 February 1981 , 
when the Spanish . 
parliament was held to 
ransom. 540 Literary 
Walks. Laurie Lee joins 
Christopher Somerville on 
a walk round the village of 
Site!, the setting of Cuer 
with Rosie. 540 Landscapes 
oftheNite&Ascientifie - 
study of dreams. 

( Radio 3 ) 

655 Weather. 740 News 
745 Aubade: Berlioz 

(Beatrice mid Benedict 
overture). Monteverdi (Balkr 

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Choir/and sdotets Anthony 
Rotfe Johnson and 
Fatrizia Kwe8a), 
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(Music for 

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Beefooven (Symphony 
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145 Soprano and piano: Efly 
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Wiegenlied im Sommer) 
240 Vaugfan WSfiamsinfta 
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overture ),Vaugrien 
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Peerce.tenor), Schumarm 

(Piano Ck 


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345 Cricket Second day of 
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545 Critics Forum: subjects 
include Adrian Mftchefa 
White Stet Sues on Radio 3, 

the James Harding 
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645 Tchaikovsky and a New 
Soviet Quartet Eder 
Quartet, play Tchaikovsky's 
Quartet No 1. and 
Schnittke's Quartet No 3 
740 8BC Welsh SO (under 
Bryden Thomson! WKh 
Garrick Ohtsson (piano)P8rt 
one. Janacek (Taras 
BufoaL Bartok (F4ano 
Concerto No 3) 

840 Canetti for Sate: Denis 
■ Donoghue on tha essays 
of EBas Canetti.pubiished as 
The Confidence of 

840 Oonceft p art 2. Dvorak 

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375). 540 Jazz Record 

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are! SchMoefl 
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840 The Monarchy in Britain. 

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940 A very warm welcome 

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11.15 I'm Very Glad You Asked 
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745 Another World: Indian 
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12.15 Scottish National 
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650 Open University Physics: 
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Roman Interior Decoration 

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840 Thirties Rim Comedy 
855 Ethnic Minorities: 
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1145 Handicapped in the 
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240 Fibre Joan of Are (1948) 
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England's army, and later 
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who made Gone with the 

4.00 The Sky at Night Patrick 
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4.35 World Bowls David leke 
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6.05 Horizon Repeat of 
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740 News View Jan Learning 
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Moira Stuart reviews foe 
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7.40 World Bowls Second 
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Bank Worid Indoor Paris 

8.15 Winterreiae Schubert's 
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Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, 
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940 Golf: The Masters live 
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Peter AU'iss and Tony 

1240 Worid Bowls further 
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1.05 Closedown. 

1.05 Collectors' Items: 

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1.15 Concertpart 2. Scriabin 
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2.00 Claudio Aiiau; piano 
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2.45 Sergio and Eduardo 
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345 Fifth Testthird day. 
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5.45 The Theatre-going 

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640 Northern Sinfonia (under 

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Wool rich (Song book 2), 
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740 Beckett at 80: The 1957 
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8.40 Michael Berkeley and 
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945 The Georgies: More 
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1.05 Irish Angle The game of 
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1.30 The Making of Britain The 
Governance of Tudor 
England: from the 
Reformation to the British 
Isles' emergence as a 
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foe 17th and 18th 
centuries. Dr David 
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then two women to the 

240 The Pocket Money 
Programme New series 
for children, presented by 
11-14 year olds - in Britain 
they get £550 million p-a. 

240 Film: Strike up the Band 
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4.45 Durrefl in Russia Gerald 
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5.15 Roy and Bob II follow-up 
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6.00 Tennis: Second men’s 
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7.15 Path of the Rain God The 
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8.15 Sintaniefta Young British 
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Singing, features Three 
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M by foe London 
ietta under David 

940 Zastrozzl A novel written 
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1040 The Twain ht Zone ' First 
Night Calf Gladys Cooper 
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Probe 71-1 Over and Out 
A spacecraft lands on 

1 1.00 Tennis The final men's 
single match. 

1240 Closedown. 

Robtou. 5.05 String 
Duds: Mark Lubotsky (violin). 
Nobukolmai (viola). 

Spohr (Due on E minor. Op 
13). Mozart (Duo In G 
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440am Martin Stanford (s) 640 

10.00 Piers Plowman: 

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11.05 Eugene Sarbu and 

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Recording of the WewJU dines In QMT. 

Regional 7T; on page 35 




From John Woodcock Cricket Correspondent St John's, Antigua 

West Indies did not have 
things ail their own waj when 
the "fifth Test match, spon- 
sored by Cable &. Wireless, 
began here yesterday. Asked 
to bai on an under-prepared, 
somewhat unpredictible pilch, 
they could manage only SO for 
the loss of Grcenidee and 
Richardson from the first 36 

view that the pitch had been 
watered overnight. Gower 
opted in the end to bowl on iu 
though knowing i! would be 


Botham was again at the 
centre of things," taking the 
first wicket to fall but missing 
two awkward catches at slip. 

Some offensive stuff in the 
two little local newspapers, 
aimed at Gooch, did not stop 
the people of Antigua filling 
the ground. Because of the 
cricket it had to be declared a 
public holiday, and there was 
more of a West ir.dian flavour 
to the atmosphere than at any 
previous time in the series. 

cricket, introduced by 
Gatling's return. Unfortunate- 
ly. in the second over of the 
match Botham put down a 
low chance at second slip, 
offered bv Haynes off Foster. 

carry the attack to the faster 

Although Gower decided 
that his damaged wrist would 
allow him to play. Smith stood 
down with a recurrence of 
back trouble. This has given 
Robinson a chance to redeem 
himself at the end or a 
disappointing series, on the 
pitch where, against the Lee- 
ward Islands, he made his best 
score of the tour. He is 
expected to bat at No 3. 


WEST INDIES; FSrat Innings 

C G Greorudge b Botham 14 

D L Haynes not out 35 

R B Richardson c Slack b Emburey _ 24 
H A Gomes not out - .... — 17 


ToffilpwMa) — 


This was much the nearest 
Foster came to taking a wicket 
in a wayward opening spell. 
Having got a couple of early- 
long hops out of his system. 
Botham was kept going for the 
first 95 minutes. He came 
within two of Lillee’s world 
record of 355 Test wickets 
when, in his sixth over, he 
uprooted Grcenidge’s off 
stump, having all-but caught 
and bowled him the ball 
before. The ball that did the 
trick was of full length and 
may have swung inside 
Green idge’s attempted drive. 

When Gower brought 
Emburey on, Richardson was 
a different player, anxiously 
popping forward as the field- 
ers closed in on him. In the 
last over before lunch he was 
caught at forward short leg. off 
bat and pad. Haynes's contri- 
bution to the morning's play 
was a mostly-dour 21. in 
which he gave no second 

Go»er took long enough to 
put West Indies in to suggest 
that England's batsmen might 
be wanting to bowl and their 
bowlers to bat. There being a 

*1 V A Richards. tP J Dujon, R A Harper, 
M D Marshall. J Gamer. M A Holding end 
B P Patterson to bat. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-23. 2-«3. 
ENGLAND: G A Gooch, W N Slack. R T 
Robinson. *D I Gower. A J Lamb. M W 
GaRmg. I T Bobiam. H M EHson. fP R 
Downier) j E Emburey. N A Foster. 
Umpires: C Cumbeitntch and L Barker. 

There was also a more 
purpo seful air to Eng land’s 

Richardson was quickly 
into his stride, hitting Botham 
for 10 in an over as soon as he 
came in. Only he. Gomes and 
Richards have not worn hel- 
mets in the current series. I 
doubt, in fact, whether Rich- 
ardson has one. he has such 
confidence in his abilitv to 

This was the fifth time in a 
row that Richardson had fall- 
en to Emburey, who could 
have had Gomes, as well, in 
the first over of the afternoon. 
The ball bounced quite steeply 
as Gomes tried to force it 
away, and Botham, diving to 
his left at slip, juggled with the 
chance before putting it down. 

Emburey would as soon 
have lift to exploit in a pitch as 
turn, and soon afterwards 
Gomes was not quite on top of 
another ball to Emburey that 
was only just wide of giving 
Gatting a catch at cover point. 


looks to Mudassar 


David Lawrence and Greg 
Thomas, who were rivals for 
an England place on the 
current*Wosi Indies lour, will 
open the bowling together for 
the firs: time when they play 
for MCC against the Britannic 
Assurance county champions. 
Middlesex, in the traditional 
opening same of the season at 
Lord's on April 23 to 25. 

The team, which was cho- 
sen. as usual, in consultation 
with the chairman of selectors. 
Peter May. is captained by 
Mark Nicholas, of Hampshire. 

By tradition, the reigning 
England captain is offered the 
job of leading the side, but 
David Gower was unable to 

accept. Nicholas will be hop- 

ing for similar batting success 
as in the corresponding game 
last spring, when he and 
Moxon scored centuries. 

Lawrence and Thomas 
burst on to the scene last 
summer and both were tipped 
to go to the West Indies, with 
Lawrence the favourite if only 
one were selected However, it 
was Thomas who toured the 
Caribbean, while Lawrence 
went on the B tour of Sri 

Five of Lawrence's B tour 
colleagues are included in the 
side, including the lop four in 
the bailing order - Chris 
Smith. Moxon, Nicholas and 
Alhey - along with Cook, the 
former Leicestershire bowler 
now with Northamptonshire, 
who was the only specialist 
spinner in Sri Lanka. 

The attack is completed by 
Ellison and the left-arm spin- 
ner. Mini, of Hampshire, who 
will be bowling against his 
former colleagues at Middle- 

sex. the team he left three 



>ears ago. 

Ellison is one of three 
members of Lhe England lour- 
ing team currently in the West 
Indies who will no doubt be 
wearing multiple sweaters 
during the match, which takes 
place only five days after they 
leave the sunshine of Antigua. 
Thomas and French are the 

French was always booked 
for this match, despite the 
claims that the B team wicket- 
keeper. Rhodes, has for fur- 
ther recognition. 

MCC: c L Smith (Hampshire). M D 
Moxon (Yorkshire). MCJ Nicholas 
(Hampshire, captain), CWJ Alhey 
(Gloucestershire), R J Bailey (North- 
amptonshire). R M Ellison (Kent). B 
N French (Nottinghamshire), R J 
Mam (Hampshire). J G Thomas 
(Glamorgan), N G B Cook (North- 
amptonshire), 0 V Lawrence 

Sharjah, United Arab Emir- 
ates (Agencies) - Australia 
crashed out of the Australasia 
Cup tournament here yester- 
day as a magnificent 95 by the 
Pakistan opener, Mudassar 
Nazar, helped his side to an 
cight-wicket victory in their 
first round tie. 

Australia won the toss and 
batted first an unbeaten 60 by- 
Ritchie taking them to 202 for 
seven. But the Pakistanis 
sailed past the total, reaching 
206 for two with five balls to 

Mudassar’s 95 off 1 40 balls 
included five boundaries. But 
his hopes of a century' were 
dashed as. trying to force the 
pace, he was bowled by Reid. 
Mohsin Khan hit 46 before 
being trapped leg before by 

fahfl FajlfHgg, riw Hungarian gymnast, wxnm qt for the Kraft Champions All tonnameitf. 

Ringing in the new talent 

The Kraft Champions All tournament at 
Wembley today will again be the stage for 
leading countries to test young gymnastic 
talent in international performance (Peter 
Aykroyd writes). For example, the Soviet 
Union, the world's top gymnastic nation, are 
entering their national youth champions, 
Tatiana Godenko and Alexander Kolyvasov. 

The performance of Miss Godenko win be 
watched with great interest as Russian women 
gymnasts are now attempting to emulate the 
classical beam and floor styles of great 
gymnasts from the past Among the British 
entries is Sally Larner, who has recently 
completed a five-week, training session in 


jand prix course 
offers comfort to Pyrah 

From Jenny MacArthnr, Gtiteborg. Sweden 

Malcolm Pyrah has two 
main worries as he enters 
tomorrow's third and final 
round of the Volvo World 
Cup here. The first is whether 
Towerlands AngJezarke’s age 
— he is now 1 5 — will begin to 
tell over the gruelling two- 
round grand prix course which 
awaits them: the second con- 
cerns his own fitness. He is 
suffering from severe back 
trouble and is riding in a 

Neither worry distracted 
him in Thursday night's first 
round, a speed class, in which 
they finished runners-up to 
Australia’s Jeff McVean on 
Furst Z. Pyrah. like Nick 
Skelton on Raffles St James 
and John Whitaker on Next 
Hopscotch, who finished fifth 
and sixth respectively, was 
pleasantly surprised at the size 
of the course which the Swiss. 
Paul Weier. had built, 
it was technical as well as 

big. which suited the Irish- 
bred Towerlands Anglezarke 
well. He has rarely jumped 
cleaner or better. Afterwards 
Pyrah said that two years ago, 
when the equivalent class in 
the final was much smaller, he 
went at the same speed and 
finished 25th. 

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If Pyrah is to win the final 
and give Britain her first 
World Cup victory, he will 
have to stop giving advice to 
McVcan. The Australian rid- 
er. who is based in Gloucester- 
shire. is trained by Ted Edgar 
when in England but out here 
he turned to Pyrah for advice. 
Pyrah toid him. among other 
things, to ride carefully. 

"It was very sporting of him 
really," McVean said after his 
win. while Pyrah. standing 
beside him, winced. They will 
both have to keep a wary eye 
on Canada's Ian Millar, lying 
third after the first round, on 
Big Ben. who jumped every bit 
as cleanly as Towerlands 
Anglezarke but was slower. 

The course, described by' 
Millar as “confusing" put a 
premium on the rider's experi- 
ence. John Whitaker, compet- 
ing in his eighth final, had to 
draw heavily on his after 
knocking down the first fence 
on Next Hopscotch. Outward- 
ly unruffled, he went on to 
complete the rest of the diffi- 
cult course faultlessly. Hop- 
scotch is going so well that he 
decided to ride him. and not 
the less experienced Milton, in 
Iasi night's second leg of the 

Skelton and Raffles St 
James also had a frustrating 
knock down at a comparative- 
ly easy fence. His came at 
fence five, an oxer over water, 
but fortunately his quick time 
kept him well in contention. 
Michael Whitaker was less 
fortunate: he has not yet found 
top form with Next Warren 
Point, who had the last two 
fences down. 

VOLVO WORLD CUP (alter first 
competitor)). I. Furst Z (J McVean, 
Aus; 73tfl: 2, Towerlands 
Anglezarke (M Pyrah) 7377: 3. Big 
Ben /I Millar. Can) 7525; 4. McLain 
(L LeneharsBurr, US) 7746: 5. 
Raffles St James (N Skelton) 7791; 
6. Next Hopscotch (J Whitaker) 

Other British platings: 19. Next 
[M Whitaker) 8546:27. 

Warren Point (f. . 

Raffles Just Malone (H Dickinson) 

Maiesan Bordeaux (E Warners. Bel) 

0 m 328; 2, Ancora (F Swothaak, 
i 3. Piroi (P Weinberg, 

WG) 0 in 3428: 

WG) O in 3499. 

PKBANKENS PHIS: 1 , Gladstone (H 
Simon, Austria) O In 5770; Z 
Merrimandias (P Charles) O in 5860: 
3. Samjo Shinmg Example (H Smith) 


Leading clubs’ test of resources 

By Clive White 

Seldom has the role of the 
squad player been more signif- 
icant than it is in this season’s 
championship, becoming ever 
more dramatic after Manches- 
ter United’s monopoly. 
United's dream of ending a 
1 9-year famine in this compe- 
tition was shattered by inju- 
ries that they could not 
disguise. Now to a lesser 
extent the season is taking its 
toll on the joint leaders. 
Liverpool and Everton. 

But the Merseysiders are 
better equipped than United 
at finding nicely-rounded 
players to plug their holes. 
Everton must have feared that 
their title would slip from 
them when they lost Southall, 
their goalkeeper, with a bro- 
ken ankle. If Grobbelaar cost 
Liverpool 15 points, as has 
been alleged, then Southall 
must have saved Everton 
about the same. Then along 
came Mimms and the 
“irreplaceable” was replaced 
Similarly Liverpool have been 
able to call upon Dalglish to 
fill the void left by the 
irrepressible Walsh. 

One could hardly imagine 
better quality substitutes than 
Gillespie and Heath, who 


LIVERPOOL-- Played 36, 70 
points (maximum 88): Home: Cov- 
entry (today), Birmingnam (April 26); 
Away: West Bromwich (April 19X 
Chelsea (May 3), Leicester (April 5), 
Luton (April 16). 

EVERTON; 35, 70 Oik Home: 
(May 3k 

Arsenal (t___... .. 

Nottingham Forest (April 26), Ox- 
ford (/ 

(83k Home: Sheffield Wedne 
(tomorrow), Leicester (April 

Away: Newcastle (Apr* 16), Totten- 
"" ‘(May3k 

(April 19). Southampton 
West Han^Maj 5k Awajr 

ham (April 19k Watford 
CHELSEA: 35, 66 (87): Home: 
Newcastle (Aprfl T9). Liverpool (May 
3), Watford (May 5r. Away: Notfirn- 
ham Forest (today), Aston Vtfe 
(April 26k Arsenal (April 29k West 
Ham [April 15). 

WEST HAM: 33, 63 (90): Home: 
Oxford (today). Chelsea (April 15k 
Newcastle (April 21 ). Coventry (April 
26k Manchester City (Aprfi 28). 
Ipswich (April 30k Away: Watford 
jApring], We« Bromwich (May 3), 

i (May 5k 

ham Forest, unbeaten in seven 
games, should put a stop to 
Chelsea's daydreaming. 
Campbell, Forest’s newly-dis- 
covered Irish talent, will be 

doing .some dreaming of his 
tlace in Nort 

own - of a place in Northern 
Ireland'* Work! Cup squad 
Birtles has to face up to reality; 
a place on the substitutes* 

have come in for Lawrenson 
(shin fracture) and Lineker 
(hamstring strain) respective- 
ly. But there was a suggestion 
yesterday that Liverpool 
might start to struggle when it 
was announced that McMa- 
hon could be out for a 
fortnight with a thigh injury. 

When Liverpool lost 
McMahon's bite in midfield 
through an enforced absence 
earlier in the season they 
suffered for iL They may also 
miss his less obvious shooting 
skills. He scored both goals in 
Liverpool's last League 
match. MacDonald and Lee 
vie for the vacancy against 
Coventry today. Walsh is 
included in the squad 

Everton. in danger of tailing 

behind on points as well as 
goal difference at Highbury, 
where they have never won 
under Howard Kendall’s man- 
agement are. boosted by the 
news of Lineker's and Steven's 
fitness. Everton have won 
only one of their last four 
league games. Arsenal, with- 
out O’Leary, Williams, Wood- 
cock, Rocastle and possibly 
Anderson, bring back Davis. 

Midweek victories by the 
London set. West Ham and 
Chelsea, will have strength- 
ened their belief that from the 
back of the pack they can 
sustain a sprint right through 
to the end of this marathon. 
West Ham should not have 
any trouble at home to an 
anxious Oxford but NoUing- 

Ron Atkinson, the United 
manager, stubbornly refuses 
to do so, believing the champi- 
onship is still within their 
grasp. “We have got to feel 
there is a chance.- . be said 
Such faith will be hard to 
maintain if they drop points in 
tomorrow’s televised match 
against Sheffield Wednesday, 
on the rebound from their FA 
Cup *erai-final 

Aston Villa could catch 
sight of a brighter future by 
bearing Watford and scram- 
bling over the lacks of three 
rivals at the bottom of the pit 
Next season's replacements 
are still unconfirmed. 
Charlton and Wimbledon, un- 
til recently disputing the third 
promotion position, could 
find themselves both up if 
Portsmouth continue to 




Zurich (Reuter) — The Eu- 
ropean Football Union has 
criticized Belgian security 
forces, which it blames partly 
for the tragedy at the Europe- 
an Cup final at the Heysel 
Stadium in Brussels that 
claimed 39 fives last May. The 
criticism is in a report Hans 
Bangencr. the UEFA general 
secretary, will present to a 
UEFA congress in Portugal on 
April 24. 

“The English 

vandals... would never have 
been able to perform such 
lcnible deeds and create such 
misery if they had not been 
helped by the frightful incom- 
petence of the Belgian security 
forces,” Bangerter said. He 
regretted that guidelines 
drawn up 10 years ago had 
failed io prevent the disaster. 

Sad Britain 

Karachi — The British 
hockey team watched Paki- 
stan beat Australia 3-1 to 
snaich the bronze medal on 
goal difference in the Champi- 
ons Trophy tournament here 
yesterday (Sydney Friskin 
writes). Earlier. West Germa- 
ny beat the Netherlands 2-1 to 
win the gold for the first time, 
Australia finishing second.' It 
was a disappointment for 
Britain, but they had not 
played well enough. 

The former Finnish world 
champion, Ari Vatanen 
(above), said in Helsinki yes- 
terday be may have to undergo 
farther surgery before decid- 
ing whether to resume motor 
rallying. Vatanen fractured 
ribs, hurt his back and 
smashed his left knee when his 
Peugeot left the road during 
tbe Argentine Rally. 

Two drop out 

Marcus Rose and Ian Ste- 
phens have dropped out of tbe 
President’s XV to fece Lon- 
don Welsh in their final 
centenary season Rugby 
Union match at Old Deer 
Park today (3 pin). Rose is 
replaced by Gwyn Evans; 
Stephens’ place ai prop goes to 
Nome Rowan. . 

Withdrawals Cricket award Lloyd out 

Portsmouth have with- 
drawn Kevin O’CaJlaghan and 
Mick Kennedy from the Re- 
public of Ireland football 

squad to play Uruguay on 
ot a vital 

April 23 because 
promotion game against Stoke 
City the day before. Jerry 
Murphy, the Chelsea mid- 
ler. replaces Kennedy. 

David Lawrence, the 
Gloucestershire first bowler, 
was presented with the Young 
Cricketer of the Year award 
for 1985 by the Princess of 
Wales in Bristol yesterday. 
David Collier, the Gloucester- 
shire secretary, is resigning to 
lake up a post in private 


David Lloyd, the England 
squash player, has withdrawn 
from the Hi-Tec British Open 
which starts on Monday, on 
medical grounds .(Colin 
McQuillan writes). Australia's 
Glen Brumby has pulled out 
because of bronchitis- Susan 
Devoy, the women’s champi- 
on. Wfil play. 


Lisa floats 
her way 

Front a special - 


Lisa Bellinger, the 19-; 

Old England -No.1 . . Irom 
Dunstable, became her 
country's only survivor in the 
last 16 of the women's singles 
in the European champion- 
ships when she- beat Patrician 
de Groot the Dutch N0L4, 21- 
8, 21-9, 21-17 in the third 

round yesterday. 
Groot, wh 

De Groot, who prefers to 
counter hit disliked the slow- 
ing down process imposed 
upon her by Bellinger’s chop 
and float defence. 

Bellinger now plays Bradka 
Batinic. the European No.7 
from Yugoslavia, whom she. 
beat in last year’s world 
championships. • ; 

England's other third round 
competitors, Alison Gordon 
and Fiona Elliot, played well 
but were beaten by seeded 
opponents: Gordon^ theNo22. 
by DanieUa Gueigefcheva, of 
Bulgaria. Elliot, the No.4, 
playing in her first European 
championships, by Bettine 
Vriesekoop, of Holland. 


spurs on 


From MItcfrcB Platts. 

For lhe second year hi 
(accession Sandy Lyle wfa 
repaired to taandi a recovery 
act in the. United Scales Mas- 
ters which continued on die 
Augusta National courtetere 


" 4 


By his own admission, the 
best that could be said of 
Lyle's 76 on Thursday, vis 
that it was two strofces better 
rfiw his ejpening score 12 
ago. On mat 6cc*s»n 
be retrieved his rep u tati on , 
with a 75. • 

Lyle, oat m 39 yesterday, 
was aware that he 
needed a fere! par score of-72 
or fewer to preserve his pres- 
ence Is the fearawafe The 
leading 44 players and. ties 
for the final 36-hoieK. 

rate of lesser kHOwu golfers by 
each compiling a score of 68 to 
share the lead, one stroke 
ahead of their American Com- 
patriot Gary Koch and T C 
Chen, of Taiwan. 

Krstzert, who sacked his 
caddy only two hoars before 
the first round, thoroughly 
earned his place at the head of 
the leader board by rirtneof 
haring only 27 putts on the 
undulating greens. Green, 
however, enjoyed the kind of 
round which others 
dream about. He had 


seven birdies and four of them 
came with putts that ranged 
between 35ft and 70ft 

This, weekend; - when • the 
Masters wffl be shown live tm 
BBC telerisfam, ; there might 
jnst be a return to The good oM 
days. Torn Watson aad Greg 
Norman,' both .of whom have 
not won in America for two 
years, had first rounds of 70. 
Tom Kite was also on -70 and 
Severiano Ballesteros and Ben 
Crenshaweachscored 71. 

. For represent- 
ed' a remarkable' BtnrilHe 
has been conspicuous by his 
absence from- the fairways 
because iff his suspension frmn 
the' American' drctzfr bat he 
played with a soreness which 
belied his.lack of competition. 

With Fuzzy ZoeQter oa 73 
and Jack _ NicUaus^ Johnny 
Miller, Craig StadJer, Ray- 
mond Floyd and the defending 
champion Bernhard Langer on 
74, there seemed every pros- 
pect of the J986 Masters 
reviving the fortunes of those 
golfers regarded as denri-gods ; 
lathe game. . .. . 

First round scores 


8ft B Kratzsrt, K Green. 

69: G Koch, Tze-Chung r 


TO: T Watson, G Norman 
Kite, D Barr (Can). T 
IJapLflTWay.- . . 

71: R Maltbte. B Crenshaw. D 
Edwards, G Baftestonos (Sp), C 
Ravin, H Green. 

72: B Giasson. F Couples.. . 

73c D Hartmond, FZoeter. WLM 
C Strange. L Sinker, t Netsom - 
74; □ Towefl. B Gardner, M 
O'Meara. C Stadia. J Steer. P 
Royd. B Lanaar (WGL J Mater. J 
NWcteus, J Thorpe, fl Lewis*, 

Bums. . 

75: C Paete, R Febr_ A Bean. K 
Knox, P Stewart. S Randolph*. 
P Jacobean, LMEo. G Archer 
7& J Haas , D PoW. T Site. P 
Parsons*, J Renner, S Simpson. 
C Drury", M Wlebe. M 
McCuiriber„L Trevino. . A Wg 

^ .rPSfacfcraar. 

77: G Player (SAV G Brewer, 


, '"l? 

r * r m 

s.K tf* w 

' . ■ 

?' r 

f fyrs - 

V*- . • 

tea strokes of the faff w**~ 
lesder abo survive. ’ 

The possfisOty of * ces*^ 

pressed leads’ board increased 
oo a first day when ceodftwas 
greatly reduced the chance of . 
many players itoni i Bating the 
course. .. , _ . 

Th us a number of notable 
contenders became casualties 
as the fist 4ay we* longer . 
and foe greens grew sntifav 
Lee Treviso (76), Gary Bayer 
(77V Laany - WadkfiasJXrex 
John Mahaffey (?$);: ArahU 
Palmer (80> aad ffai Sutton 
(8®) were, fikeltffe, seeking to ' 
survive. • ! ‘ 

Mac O'Grady; who won,, 
more ■ thu £256,000 
(£172*400} last season, abo 
snfSscd. He wfaf from ooe 
dfsastertd mKrtberdoriBg an 
inward faff ef 45 for an 
opening score of 82. For 
O'Grady it was aa experience 
.tinged with irony. He stated 
before the starti^Whre ytm 
come, everybody's 
canfiovnscotar system is going 
to be sabotaged with adenaKn. 
Nobody's isnmrae & Hut no : 
matter how old tfay are. The . 
great thing ! lore about fob 
course,' that ' -raffles 
everybody’s feather*, is the 
element of smprise. Yob don’t 
taMnrwhat natarel* goiig to do 
tofonmtken.OaemBmmtU . 
will caress yon teederly aml 

foe next awnarf ftH riay 
yon.** . -V.'... 

Angaam Natfonal most cer- 
tainly stayed O'Grady hot as 
far as KD Kiatmt and Ken 
Green were concerned, Thurs- 
day began whxtcmJd develop 
into a beaatffol rdationship 
between eftfcerof them and foe 
course. Kritzert and Green 
mamtained the recent snocess 


* * " • 

* * 

' p: 

S, ‘ 


A ^ 

^ «»ik. 




l K 

7&G ..... 

Casper. D. ! 

L Wadkins, 


79: B Eastwood, 8i 

(SA). J-Sndetar, 

(Taiwan), S Mahatfejr.T 

80: D Watson BA); A Palmer. J 
Key* (Can). B Rogi 
8fc R 

SSS M PoOoitdr, m O'Grady. 

* Denotes amateur 


I Rogers. H SUttm-