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No 62,430 

- ( S<dd- 

• Today is Golden 
Monday- the day The 
Times’ unique share- 
price competition is re- 
launched as Portfolio 
Gold, with a daily prize 
of £4,000 and a 
weekly prize of £8,000. 

• You will need the 
new Portfolio Gold card 
from today to join in 
the game. Newsagents 
have been receiving 
supplies throughout the 
past week, and 
copies of yesterday’s 
Sunday Times Colour 
Magazine contained a 
gold card. 

• If you have any dif- 
ficulty in obtaining one, 
details of where to 
apply appear on page 3, 
column 8, today. 

• Portfolio fist page 
24; rules and how to 
play, page 20. 

£6,000 to be 
won today 

• Saturday’s weekly 
prize of £20,000 was 
shared by Mr Colin 
Braham, of Weybridge, 
Surrey, and MrJ 
Garton, of Battersea, 
London SW11. 

• There was no win- 
ner bi the daily competi- 
tion, so the £2,000 
prize money is added to 
today’s prize, making 

a total of £6,000. 




In the second part of 
a tribute to the 
Queen, Alan Franks 
looks at the role 
of her Private 
Secretary, which 
requires social 
skill and 
political acumen 

number one 

Karl Lagerfeld 
on his style for life 

Spy man freed 

A Civil Servant who allegedly 
passed aviation secrets to a 
Czechoslovak diplomat in 
London gave himself up to 
Scotland Yard officers. He left 
after several hours 
questioning Page 2 

‘Ivan’ link 


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' * * ! * l *^ > " * 

Gadaffi link R * 

with bishop’s ” 

h ^ FtamChra 

armed kidnap M 





• Hie Roman Catholic Bishop of Trip- 
oli, three priests and a non have been 
adbdncted by armed Libyans in what 
appears to be a Gadaffi-inspired kidnap. 

• President Reagan has called a White 
House meeting today to discuss if the 
US Sixth Fleet should attack Libya. 

• Mrs Thatcher appears to have re- 

jected a request for US bases in Britain 
to be used for a bombing assault on 
Libya. . 

• An emergency mee tin g of EEC foreign 
ministers at The Hague today will 
discuss alternative anti-terrorist 

“Ivan the Terrible", a wartime 
death camp guard, pictured 
above, has been linked by an 
Italian witness to a man held 
in Israel for trial Page 8 

Cheaper law 

The Lord Chancellor. Lord 
Haiisham. has commissioned 
studies costing £375,000 
aimed at speeding up and 
cutting costs of litigation 

Page 4 

Store wars 

Wool worth has outlined a new 
strategy of specializing in six 
areas of merchandise as the 
first Stage in its defence 
against the £1 .6 billion bid by 
Dixons 21 

Building Societies are facing 
the biggest challenge to their 
role as both lending and 
savings institutions. A Special 
Report looks at the 
industry Pages 27-30 

In what looks suspiciously 
like a Gadaffi-inspired kid- 
nap, the Italian Roman Catho- 
lic Bishop of Tripoli, 
Monsignor Giovanni 
Martinelli. has been abducted 
by armed Libyans in Bengha- 
zi, together with three Catho- 
lic priests and a nun. 

Their seizure by several 
men — apparently members of 
the Libyan security police — 
suggests that Colonel Gadaffi 
deliberately ordered their de- 
tention to intimidate Italy and 
other European nations into 
refraining from any support 
for President Reagan's threats 
of a military attack on Libya. 

Colonel Gadaffi himself 
now claims — untruthfully, 
according to Western diplo- 
mats in Tripoli — that be has 
moved foreign workers into 
oilfields and military barracks 
which, so he claims, are 
scheduled to be attacked in 
American air strikes in the 
near future. 

In Tripoli itself however, 
there is no sign of military 
preparation for an American 
assault save for the position- 
ing of several radar-guided 
mobile anti-aircraft guns near 
military installations and 
army billets. 

International concern, how- 
ever, has focused on the 
disappearance of Monsignor 
Martinelli. who was taken 
from the Franciscan House in 
Benghazi on Thursday night 
together with the priests — a 
Pole, a Filipino and a Maltese 
— and the Iialian-boni nun, 
whose name has been given as 
Sister Gemma. 

According to several foreign 

EEC tries 
to forestall 
US action 

From Richard Owen 

In a last-minute and possi- 
bly belated attempt to forestall 
American military* action 
against Libya. European for- 
eign ministers meet today in 
The Hague to formulate alter- 
native measures against ter- 
rorism. including tougher 
controls over Arab nationals 
and embassy staff in the West. 

After intense European dip- 
lomatic activity at the week- 
end. The Netherlands, which 
holds the EEC presidency, 
brought the emergency gather- 
ing forward from Wednesday 
to today. 

Britain is under pressure 
: from its European partners to 
refuse the Americans the use 
of its military facilities, in 
Cyprus or in Britain. Mrs 
Thatcher's warning yesterday 
that an American strike 
against Libya would contra- 
vene international law may 
help to avert a damaging EEC 
split over the crisis, diplomats 
said, but tensions remain. 

Italy — which requested 
today's meeting — Spain, and 
Greece are the EEC slates 
most vehemently opposed to 
an American strike. They are 
closest to the scene of ihe, 
conflict and are alarmed by' 
Colonel Gadaffi’s threat to 
retaliate against Nato bases in 
southern Europe. 

West Germany is also urg- 
ing Washington to desist from 
“emotional” action. It not 

Continued on page 7, col 5 

Fran Robert Fisk. Tripoli 
eye- witnesses, the bishop was 
taken away in his pyjamas by 
men who appeared to be 
members of a Gadaffi revolu- 
tionary cadre, gunmen who 
subsequently ransacked the 
building in which the prelate 
and his colleagues had been, 

Monsignor Martinelli was 
on a post-Easter pastoral visit 
to Benghazi when the gunmen 
arrived to take him. 

While diplomats here sus- 
pect tire action may have been 
deliberately designed to in- 

Arab League support 7 
Rhetoric and reality 16 

timidate Western nations — 
and especially Italy — it has 
not escaped their notice that 
the Pope was visiting a syna- 
gogue in Rome yesterday, and 
that the Libyans may have 
tried to forestall this by taking 
the bishop. 

I talian diplomats have en- 
quired in vain after the 
bishop's whereabouts, and 
Libyan police still do not 
know why be and his colleages 
were detained. Equally vague 
was Colonel Gadaffi’s claim 
that foreign workers, includ- 
ing members of the 1,000- 
strong American community 
here, had been moved into 
desert oil fields and barracks 
in Libya. 

According to Colonel 
Gadaffi, Libyan intelligence 
has information that the US 
Sixth Fleet intends to strike at 
a number of oil fields; for this 
reason, the compounds — 
together with a number of 

military installations, includ- 
ing guerrilla training camps — . 
had “been handed over to 
foreigners to repair (sic) them 
and use them as a residence". 

That no foreigner in Libya 
seems to take this information 
seriously is a measure of the 
degree to which Colonel 
Gadaffi's credibility here has 
been strained. But there are 
some developments which are 
taken in deadly earnest, not 
least the sentencing to life 
imprisonment on Saturday of 
James Leonard Abra, the Brit- 
ish radar engineer who had 
been accused by the Libyan 
government of spying. 

Mr Abra, aged 57, a Plessey 
engineer, has appealed against 
the sentence, but in court on 
Saturday — standing in a 
barred cage together with sev- 
eral Libyans accused of drugs 
offences — he appeared 
shocked when the sentence 
was read to him. 

British residents in Libya 
worried about the current 
crisis are being advised to re- 
examine their reasons for 
staying in the country. 

Although there is no formal 
statement being issued by the 
Foreign Office in London, Mr 
Dunnachie is telling Britons 
who call him for advice that 
“in a period of rising tension, 
the British Government 
would expect British citizens 
-to review very carefully the 
advisability of remaining in 

This does not — at least, yet 
— amount to advice to leave. 
There are about 5,000 British 
citizens in the country. 

Thatcher baulks 
at plea on bases 

By Philip Webster and Rodney Cowton 

The Prime Minister is be- 
lieved to have refused a 
request from the United States 
for the use of its FI 1 1 bomber 
bases in Britain to mount an 
attack against Libya. 

The Government's opposi- 
tion to the launching of raids 
from Britain had been clear by 
Friday but it is understood to 
have been reaffirmed at a 
Downing Street meeting on 
Saturday between Mrs Marga- 
ret Thatcher and General 
Vernon Walters, the Ameri- 
can representative at the Unit- 
ed Nations, who has been 
acting as President Reagan’s 
personal envoy to Europe over 
the Libyan crisis. 

Whitehall yesterday main- 
tained a news blackout about 
the outcome of the meeting. 
The absence of official confir- 
mation of the outcome was 
thought to be due to (he 
political difficulties of admit- 
ting that President Reagan's 
plea had been refused. 

But the Prime Minister will 
be hoping that today's hastily 
convened ministerial meeting 
in The Hague will produce a 
package of measures which 
can be portrayed as a sign of 
strong European support for 
the Americans. 

At the one-hour meeting 
with General Walters, who 
yesterday went to Bonn and 
Paris trying to rally support 
for America’s position, Mrs 
Thatcher is understood to 
have offered much sympathy 
for the predicament of Presi- 
dent Reagan. But she insisted 
that any action taken by the 
Americans must be in accor- 
dance with international law. 

This includes the right of 
self-defence but she is likely to 
have expressed the view that 
retaliatory strikes which could 
involve innocent victims 
could not necessarily be 
classed as self-defence. 

In any assault mounted 
Continued on page 7, col 4 

From Christopher Thomas 


In an atmosphere of confh- 
sfoa and division within the 
Administration, President 
Reagan has summoned a key 
White House meeting today to 
try to decide whether to scad 

the Sixth Fleet infn an ahaA 

against Libya. 

• A week of indecision has 
cost trim substan t ial support 
on Capitol HiU, with key 
congressmen now demanding 
full consultations and saying 
that Mr Reagan is in danger of 
violating the war Powers Act. 
There is a keen feeling here 
that the initiative for swift 
firfittn is slipping from 

Mr Caspar Weinberger, the 
Defence Secretary, returned 
from a tour of Pacific countries 
yesterday, far from convinced 
that an hnmediafe strike 
against Libya was wise. He is 
said to want answers to many 
questions before he win sup- 
port action, although in princi- 
ple he favours reprisals 
against proven perpetrators of 
terrorist acts. 

The allies, including Brit- 
ain, appear to be urging re- 
straint on Mr Reagan. Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher has made 
it dear to Mr Vernon Walters, 
the US Ambassador to the 
United Nations, in London 
that she is reluctant to allow 
American FI -11 bombers to 
launch raids on Libya from 
bases in Britain. However, 
further High- level consulta- 
tions are mi the agenda. 

. Today's White House talks 

will include Mr George Shultz, 

the Secretary of State, who 
returned on Saturday from an 
overseas tour, and Vice-Presi- 
dent Bosh, who returned from 
the Gulf states yesterday. 

Speaking on American tele- 
vision during a refaeDing stop 
at Shannon yesterday, Mr 
Bush appeared hesitant and 
nefew about the exact posi- 
tion reached by Mr Reagan. 

*Tdo not know that he has 
made sod e decision" be said 
when asked if Mr Reagan had 
decided to attack Libya. He 
expected to be brought up-to- 
date today. 

Mr Shultz seems to faronr 
immediate reprisals for. 
Libya's alleged -involvement in 
the discotheque bombing nine 
days ago is West Berlin that 
killed an American service- 
man and iqjved more than 50 
others. Bet his key offiri a bt 
are fax from naked about 
precisely what to do. 

Meanwhile, two American 
carriers, the Corel Sea and the 
America, with a battle group of 
29 other vessels, sat in the 
Mediterranean south of Sicily 
yesterday, within speedy range 
of Libya, awaiting 

Mr Robert OaUey. bead of 
the State Department's Office 
of Counter-terrorism, gave a 
dear impression on American 
television yesterday that the 
Administr ation was rdactant 
to act against Libya without a 
substantial measure of Euro- 
pean hacking. He emphasized 
the international nature of the 
fight against ter r ori sm , saying 
that “we have to have the 
understanding if mat the sup- 
port of oar allies in order to 
deal with the longer-term 

He fell far short of saying 
that America had conclusive 
proof of Libyan involvement in 
the discotheque bombing. 

To the singing afaHaUeht- 

• «_ — - «-i- «.»-!. — 

Rabbi Toaff greeting the Pope outride the synagogue in 
Rome at the start of yesterday's historic visit 

Dublin’s prayers 
for kidnap victim 

By Richard Ford 

Prayers for the safe release 
of Mrs Jennifer Guinness, the 
kidnap victim, were beard in 
Protestant and Roman Catho- 
lic churches throughout Dub- 
lin yesterday-as^ the Irish 
security forces woRSed" to' pre- 
vent any attempts to pay the 
b£2* million ransom. 

The missHig woman’s two 
daughters sat with bowed 
beads in a local church when 
prayers were offered for their 
mother’s safe release from 
captivity but they said nothing 
as they departed 

But the involvement of a 
London-based security con- 
sultancy in the complex efforts 
to secure Mis Guinness's re- 
lease has alarmed the Gaidai 
and Irish government who are 
strongly opposed - to paying 
ransom demands. 

Mr AJan Dukes, the minis- 
ter for justice, briefed Dr 
Garret FitzGerald about the 

Reagan envoy sees Kohl in secret 

Bonn — Mr Vernon Wal- 
ters, President Reagan's spe- 
cial envoy, held secret talks on • 
Libya with Chancellor Kohl of 
West Germany and Herr 
Hans-Dietrich Genscher. the 
Foreign Minister (Our Corre- 
spondent writes). 

Later Mr Walters was re- 
ported to have flown to Paris 
for a similar meeting with M 
Jacques Chirac, the French 
Prime Minister, before going 

on to Rome for further talks ^ or Colo nel G adaffi to cany 
on the Mediterranean conflict. 01,1 bis threat to attack them 
Security at all crossing (Harry Debebus writes), 
points into West Berlin was • ROME: Signor Claudio 
tightened when Allied com- Martelli, a leader of the Italian 
manders decided to apply Socialist Party, said on teten- 
“exceptional" measures after sion last night that Colonel 
the discotheque bombing. Gadaffi showed that he was 
• MADRID: US military unbalanced, but “we are not at 
bases in Spain are on ‘“yellow” all in agreement with an 
alert sources said here yester- escalation of acts, gestures and 
day. but experts said it was toenaces from the American 
technically almost impossible (Peter Nichols writes). 

Win expected for Sunday trading Bill 

By Philip Webster 
Political Reporter 

The Government expects a 
narrow majority in the Com- 
mons tonight for its Shops BQ1, 
which removes restrictions on 
Sunday trading- 

As the churches and trade 
unions muted yesterday in a 
final appeal to MFs to oppose 
the second reading, it seemed 
that the Government's tactic of 
allowing a free vote on later 
stages bad bought off just 
enough rebels. 

Up to 40 Tory MPs are 
expected to oppose the Bfil in 
the vote at midnight. Over the 
weekend whips telephoned po- 
tential rebels, commending the 
concessions by the Govern- 
ment. and explaining that they 
would have opportunities to 
vote for compromise solutions. 

Mr Ivor Stanbrook, Conser- 
vative MP for Orpington and a 

q&fcUTT ..• ■ • . T V 
• roxanxtfBft. •. :V TJj 

*" ..’COSTS LESS ‘ * ."''Hi 


Signs point the way to the open shops in front of a church in Catfbrd, south London 

that of the 80 or so MPs who 

had been minded not to support Government has _ 
the Government, about a dozen a three-line *£?jy on "the 
woald have been “seduced" principle of the Bfil it fe 
into incline it bv the olov of HAohrini dwtk 

bluff. Once the 

is got its vote, oo 
whip, on the 

effect of 
coaid be 

Jojng that principle. 
Tied on a free vote." 

Letters, page 17 
Survey results aud 

48, a mother of three, before 
warning of the dangers in- 
volved in paying money to 
kidnappers. “If you pay the 
money, ft would be an open 
invitation to terrorism,” he 




Fran Michael Hornsby 

A defiant Mrs Winnie 
Mandela, the wife of the jailed 
African National Congress 
(ANQ leader, Mr Nelson 
Mandela, toured black town- 
ships in tbe Johannesburg area 
yesterday and told .cheering 
supporters that 1986 would 
“see tbe liberation of the 
oppressed masses of this 

In Munsievflle, near, kru- 
gersdorp, a town 30 miles 
nortb-west of Johannesburg, 
Mrs Mandela declared, m 
what seemed to be her most 
open advocacy to date of 
violence against the 
state:“Together, hand in hand, 
with our boxes of matches and 
our necklaces, we shall liber- 
ate this country". 

The “necklace" — a rubber 
tyre doused in petrol, placed 
round the victim's body and 
set alight — is the name used in 
the townships for- the most 
favoured method of killing 
blacks deemed to be Govern- 
ment collaborators. 

Elsewhere on her tour, Mrs 
Mandela, raying that the time 
for speeches and debate was at 
an end, declared; “We shall 
return fire with fire" 

She also seemed to hint that 
whites could no longer expect 
to be imm une from made 

“We work in the white 
man's kitchen, we bring up the 
white man’s children, we 
could have killed them at any 
time we wanted to", she said. 

Since April 2 Mis Mandela 
has been deliberately flouting 
a banning order which prohib- 
its her from taking part in 
political activity or addressing 
public gathering, and she 
seemed yesterday to be daring 

Cirtwpf i vi vi nwf H+ 

If Dr FitzGerald suspects 
that Mr John Guinness, the 
chairman of the merchant 
bank Guinness and Mahon. 

inovexpri^y to stop it. ' 

The police say there has 
been no contact from the 
three-man gang which abduct- 
ed Mrs Guinness from her 
home at Howth, north of 
Dublin, six days ago and 
despite raids on the homes of 
criminal suspects in the dty 
during the weekend they have 
no dues to her whereabouts. 

It has now been disclosed 
that Mis Guinness's handbag 
was snatched in tbe dty 
several weeks ago and that the 
gang who abducted her took 
jewellery valued at Ir£20,000- 
30,000 which has reinforced 
Gardai suspicions that it was a 
criminal rather than subver- 
sive operation. 

Detectives are growing in- 
creasingly concerned, at tire 
lack of contact from the gang. 
Supt Frank Hanlon said: M u 
may indicate that tire people 
involved are strong-willed and 

Continued on page 2, aril 7 

entrance last ni ght into 
Rome's syoagogneTwhen be 
tod; her place at the right 
hand of tire Chief Rabbi he 
was gives a long round of 
applause, a personal tribute to 
the first Pope to cone to a 
Jewish place of worship. 

Some of fife most vodfmtus 

appixadero wore or waved blue 

and red scarves. Dr Elio ToafC, 
tire Chief Rabbi, whispered to 
the Pope that they were all • 
sur vi vor s of Nazi concentre- ; 
tin camps. The Pope bowed - 
towards them antf gave them a 
two-fisted salute. 

The Chief Rabbi managed 
only the opening phrase of Ms 
speech of welcome — “Your 
Holiness" — before the ap- 
plause broke out again. The 
Pope said “thank you" in 
Hebrew and coariaded his 
own speech by reciting from a 
psalm, fust in Hebrew and 
then m Dalian. 

Tbe packed synagogue re- 
ceived with eatimsmsm the 
Pope's words on relations 
between Judaism and Chris- 
tianity. “You are oar dearly ‘ 
beloved brothers," he said, 
“and in a certain way it could 
be said that yon are oar elder 

The Pope and the Chief 
Rabbi sat together on the Head, 
which meant they were dearly 
Tisibte throughout the build- 
ing. The Pope brought with 
hoi two cardinals, a bishop, 
two experts of the Vatican 
wnwriwd with relations with 
the Jews and two parish 

Tbe Pope listened to a frill 
account of Jewish sufferings in 
Rome in the past, frequently at 
the hand* of former holders of 
his office, from Signor 
Giacomo Sdmn, cfaahman of 

♦ought nopart 
prfffjU* to ifib anaminuty, 

which dates back to tbe days of 

ri»«r and Augustes before 
Christianity bad settled hoe. ” 

■ pfrst was the bend between 
Christianity and Judaism. 

The second point was: “No 
ancestral or collective Maine 
can be imputed to foe Jews as 
a people for what happened ra 
Christ’s passion; not indis- 
criminately to the Jews of that 
time, nor to those who came 
afterwards, nor to those - of 

“So any alleged theological 
justification for discriminatory 

meas ures or, worse still, for 
acts of permeation, . is un- 
frnmded. The Lord win charge 
each one ‘according to his own 
works', Jews and Christians 

The third point was that it 
was not lawful to say tint the 
Jews wore “repudiated or 
cursed" as If this were taught 
or coald be deduced from the 
Old or New Testaments. 

_ the cost 

of caring 

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* ft * 

Civil Servant alleged 
to have given Czechs 
air secrets surrenders 

A junior Civil Servant ac- 
cused on television of passing 
■ secret aviation information to a 
Czechoslovak diplomat in Lon- 
don surrendered himself yester- 
day to Special Branch officers 
at Scotland Yard. 

Mr Brian Gentleman, aged 
27. a clerical assistant at the 
Department of Trade and In- 
dustry, left after several hours 
of questioning. A police spokes- 
man said^Inquiries are con- 
tinuing. We are not saying any 
more at this stage.'’ 

Mr Gentleman is alleged to 
have given material on aviation 

engines and developments to 
Colonel Miroslav MerhauL the 

Colonel Miroslav Merbaut the 
aviation and miliary attache at 
the Czech Embassy, during 

The claim was made on die 
Channel Four programme. 
20/20 flsion. on Saturday. 
The Observer reported yester- 
day that they had a copy of the 
confession signed i>y Mr 

A transcript of the pro- 
gramme and other material 
was passed to Scotland Yard 
on Saturday night by Channel 
Four. Dei thief Supt Dennis 
Gunn, bead of one of the 
Yard’s Special Branch squads. 

By Stewart Tendler 
began investigations yesterday 

A prosecution under the 
Official Secrets Act would 
require the agreement of the 
Attorney General and he is 
likely to wait for reports from 
the police and the Director of 
Public Prosecutions. 

According to the pro- 
gramme. in the spring of 1 983 
the Czech officer approached 
Mr Gentleman in a public 
house close to where the Civil 
Servant lives in a hostel, 
Bowden Court, behind 
Notting Hill Gate. 

The hostel is dose to the 
Czech Embassy and the two 
men took to meeting at the 
public house twice a week. 

At that tune Mr Gentleman 
worked in the Department of 
Trade and Industry’s section 
that dealt with Rolls-Royce 
aero-engines. He is alleged to 
have passed the Czech verbal 
information on six important 
military and civil engines as 
well as information on the 
progress of the European 
Fighter Aircraft project 

He passed on one docu- 
ment according to the pro- 
gramme, that was an internal 
departmental memorandum 
giving new Rolls-Royce file 

designations and the Civil 
Service personnel cleared to 
handle them. 

The programme said the 
Civil Servant confirmed tech- 
nical material and gave the 
Czech briefings on politically 
sensitive memoranda pre- 

The relationship seems to 
have ended in the autumn of 
1983 when Mr Gentleman is 
alleged to have tried to recruit 
another man staying at the 

The man. referred to as 
Adrian in the television pro- 
gramme. was on the run from 
the police at the time. He was 
asked by the Czech to study a 
south London building to see 
if it was feasible to break in 
and bug iL 

The building is MI6’s Lon- 
don station. Adrian made 
some sketches and was asked 
by the Czech diplomat if he 
would like to attend some sort 
of course in Czechoslovakia. 
Adrian went to the police and 
was passed on to MI5. 

Adrian told MI5 everything 
except who bad put him in 
touch with Colonel MerhauL 
According to the programme 
they might have found out for 
themselves but they adopted 
the wrong tactics. 

pray for 

Alliance’s *1 
sights on I 
two early j 

a 1 1 


Mrs Guinness's daughters, Gillian (left) and Tanya, arriving at the Chinch of St Mary's, 
Howth, yesterday where prayers for their mother woe offered (Photograph: J ohn Manning) 

Unionists in boycott rift 

Continued fmm page 1 
clinically calculating or ii 
could mean they are not sure 
how to proceed with rite 

He admitted a third party 
was involved in adviang. the 
Guinness family bin denial 
this was hindering police in- 
quiries. Persistent rumours 
that the Gardai were unhappy 
at the involvement of Control 
Risks led Mr Guinness, aged 
51. to issue a statement read 
by the police late on Saturday 
night insisting there was .no 
rift between the family and the 

Founded ten years ago. 
Control Risks specializes is 
offering security advice to 
multi-national companies and 
would-be kidnap victims as 
well as foreign governments. 

“Our common object is the 
safe return of Jennifer, my 
wife, to her family. We are all 
working towards this," the j 
statement said. Mr Guinness, 
who is recovering at his home 
from a black eye and wounds 
requiring three stitches which 
be received in a struggle with 
one of the armed raiders. 

By Pbffip Webster 
Political Reporter 

By Gavin Bell and Philip Webster 

London to Teachers at Acas 

with OU 

today for talks 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correpondent 

Loudon University's exter- 
nal degree system is being 
revamped and relaunched in 
an effort to recruit thousands 
of adults into higher education 
(Lucy Hodges mites). 

The university is hoping to 
win back the premier position 
it held for more than 100 years 
as the institution where people 
could study for a degree 
without attending a university 

It is reopening its register to i 
overseas students, launching 
new courses, and providing a i 
face-to-face tutorial system, in ! 
addition to correspondence 
and audio-visual materiaUu 
competition with the Open 
University, which has become , 
the main' centre for distance | 
learning for adults. 

The service aims to conceit- | 
trate on vocational degrees 
because these are the most 
popular. Three-quarters of Hs 
17.000 students are registered 1 
for degrees in law, and there i 
are plans to introduce a mas- ! 
ters course in agrarian devel- 
opment. with Wye College, j 
and an undergraduate degree 
in mathematics with King’s 
and Royal Holloway and Bed- 
ford new colleges. 

Talks start today between 
the teachers' unions and local 
authority employers at Acas, 
the conciliation service, on 
wide-anging reforms in pay 
and working conditions. 

The outcome should deter- 
mine whether peace returns to 
classrooms or whether there 
are more strikes this year. 

The talks are to be conduct- 
ed by a three-man panel 
chaired by Sir John Wood 
professor oflaw at Manchester 

The opening session could 
be dominated by an argument 
about whether the biggest 
teachers’ union, the National 
Union of Teachers, should 

The NUT refused to sign 
the pay deal that led to the 
setting up of the talks and the 
employers believe they should 
not be allowed to take pan, 
particularly as the union is 
continuing with its industrial 

However. Sir Pat Lowry, 
chairman of Acas. went out of 
his way to invite the NUT to 
participate, and they agreed to 
do so. An Acas spokesman 
said it was only sensible to 
have the biggest teaching 

union taking part in talks 
about reforms 

While a lot of importance 
has been attached to the talks 
by the employers and the five 
smaller unions, there are few 
illusions about the difficult 
task ahead. Although the inde- 
pendent panel has six months 
to secure an agreement it is 
going to be very hard to 

Alt the teaching unions have 
different points of view, and 
Sir Keith Joseph. Secretary of 
State for Education and Sci- 
ence. has submitted his own 
paper, separate from that sub- 
mitted by the employers. That, 
means that the panel has to 
reconcile five strongly-held 
and opposing professional po- 
sitions with two other differ- 
ing riews from those who run 
the system. 

Even if agreement to a 
package of reforms is reached, 
there will be the question of 
whether the Government will 
fond it The cost of a package 
is likely to come to much more 
than the £L25 billion offered 
by Sir Keith. If the Govern- 
ment refuses to provide the 
money, classroom chaos will 
almost certainly resume. 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher's 
determination to implement 
the Anglo-Irish agreement has 
created divisions among Ul- 
ster Unionist MPs over their 
three-month boycott of parlia- 
mentary sittings in protest at 
the accord. 

With the Prime Minister 
preparing to make a farther 
appeal this week to the leaders 
of the Unionist parties to go to 
talks at Downing Street, some 
Unionists MPs said yesterday 
that there shonid be new 
thinking a boot the boycott 

But suggestions that her 
invitation, which will be made 
made in a letter to Mr James 
Molyneanx, leader of the Offi- 
cial Unionists, and the Rev Ian 
Paisley, leader of the Demo- 
cratic Unionists, will be ac- 
companied by large con- 
cessions over the Anglo-Irish 
agreement were not encour- 
aged by government sources 

Sources repeated the 
Government's promise to han- 
dle meetings of the Anglo- 
Irish conference sensitively, so 
as not to cause unnecessary 
offence to Unionists. 

Small concessions over the 
timing of meetings of the 
conference are dearly possi- 

ble, but Mrs Thatcher is 
firmly opposed to a suspension 
of the agreement Reports 
yesterday that the conference 
would be stopped from meet- 
ing hi Belfast were not con- 
firmed by government sources. 

Mr Cecfi Walker, the Offi- 
cial Unionist Party member 
for North Belfast, told The 
Times yesterday he believed 
that he and his colleagues 
shonid reconsider their strate- 
gy in view of the impasse. He 
Hkdntfd that all 11 OUP and 
three Democratic Unionist 
Party members were planning 
to participate in a vote tonight. 
against a Sunday trading BflL 
for the first time since they 
quit the chamber of the Hoose 
in January. 

Mr Walker said he re- 
mained resolutely opposed to 
the agreement sigaed last 
November, which gives Dublin 
a consultative role in Northern 
Ireland affairs, hot he feh that 
Unionists should take their 
campaign against it into the 

However, Mr Harold 
McCosker, deputy leader of 
the OUP, said they should 
strengthen the protest by with- 
drawing - from Westminster 
completely. “Mr Walker is 

expressing a personal view 
that I do not believe is shared 
by the majority of our 
colleagues," hie sail 

Mr McCnsker confirmed 
that be was flying to London 
for the vote mi Sunday trading, 
bat added.-“I will participate 
only because there is a pros- 
pect of the Government being 

The split in Unionist ranks 
emerged as a wave of 
“loyalist" violence against the 
police in Northern Ireland 
appeared to be subsiding. 

However, the UDA, the 
largest Protestant paramili- 
tary organization, has given a 
warning that violence could 

flaw again if police Chiefs 

banned a parade planned by 
the Apprentice Boys of Derry 
in Portadown on May 5. 

• Unionist leaders are de- 
termined that only the suspen- 
sion of the Anglo-Irish 

agreement will break the dead- 
lock with the Government and 
enable all-party talks on devo- 
lution to begin 

Yesterday, Mr Peter Robin- 
son, Democratic Unionist MP 
for Belfast East, said that ft 
was i mperative for Unionists 
not to relax their conditions 
for entering discussions. 

His two daughters Tania, 
aged 20, and Gillian, aged 23, 
who was saved from abduc- 
tion after her mother pleaded 
with the rang, were at the 
Church of St Mary’s in Howth 
yesterday to hear prayers for 
their mother and the rest of 
the family. 

The Roman Catholic and 
Protestant archbishops of 
Dublin had jointly called for 
prayers throughout the dio- 
cese but it was to their local 
Church of Ireland that the 
missing woman's daughters 
were driven. 

Canon Frank Blenner- 
hassett told the 150-strong 
congregation attending a fam- 
ily service that uppermost in 
their minds and prayers were 
the Guinness family and the 
safe release of Mrs Guinness. 

The two women heard that 
a special service for their 
mother had been held on 
Saturday and each evening 
until there is “good news" 
there would be a short prayer 
service at the church. 

Today. 3.500 volunteers 
who will start visiting every i 
house in the Irish Republican ; 
connection with a national 
census will be briefed by 
police and fold to report 
anything suspicious.. 

Mr David Sreef yesterday 
set the LiberatSDP Alliance 
tire objective of winning foe j 
Rvdak and West Derbyshire 
by-eiectioa$ to revive its for- 
tunes after foe disappoint- 
ment of Fulham. V 

The. Liberal Party : feader 
said that winning -foe' two 
contests expected on May $ 
was a realistic objective. 

Alliance strategists now be- 
lieve that good performances, 
in the. t»a by-elections. J in . 
both seats they fie second to 
the Conservatives.- he 
absolutely vital to maintain- 
ing its position as foe fowl 
force in politics. 

MrSted, intervkwedon the. 
BBC programme. This Week 
A ‘ext Week, said that Fulham s 
should not be written u**as foe, * 
pattern .for the whole country, 
because it was not - . • 1 

The result, Mr Steel said 
showed that there were lorn- 
types of constituencies; those 
where the Affiance was m 
second place and attacking the 
Tories, foose where the Alli- 
ance was attacking .Labour 
and the Tories were cot of the 
running, those where all three- 
parties were in cootentioiv 
such as Brecon and Radnor/ 
and a small number where it 
was still a Tory-Labour battle: 

It was bad luck that Fulham 
was one of foe latter, he said. 

He said that people in j 
Fnlham had been convinced 
of foe quality of foe Labour 
candidate; but be did -nor 
believe for a minute:: That 
people were convinced that 
foe Labour Party was now fa 
goodshape. - 

Mr Steel said he noticed the 
“falling and cooing” between 
Mr Nonnan Trifoit and Mr 
Ned Kizznock over the Fut- 
ftam result. He said it wofad 
be tenable for neither Mr 
Kimtocfc sot Mrs Thatcher- td 
refuse to taBs to the Alliance m 
foe event -of a hung Parlia- 
ment * 

Textile group 

in pay dispute * 

h n 

Wafa textile workers, based 
mainly in West Yoricshire.are 
ready to take industrial action 
for the first time in more than 
50 yearaovet a pay dispute. 

mt re 

Ports action Lawson pay restraint plea 

j A boycott by customs offi- 
| cers of the new terminal four 
i at Heathrow Airport is expect- 
ed to end today, but union 
I leaders have called for a 
countrywide work to rule, in 
protest at low manning levels. 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 
Mr Nigel Lawson, Charted- public spending plans, but pay average of 6.5 per cent in the 

lor of the Exchequer, is likely 
to emphasize to union and 
employers’ leaders today that 
lower wage settlements are 
needed to maintain economic 
growth, in spite of falling 
interest rates. 

The Chancellor, fresh from 
the meeting of the’ Interna- 
tional Monetary Fund in 
Washington, will chair the 
meeting of the National Eco- 
nomic Development Council 
in London, amid further 
hopes of cuts in bank base 

Much of the discusaon will 
centre on the Budget and 

could become an issue in foe 
wake of the latest figures from 
the Confederation of British 
Industry showing that settle- 
ments in manufacturing in- 
dustry averaged 6.25 per cent 
in the first three months. 

The provisional figures, 
covering more than half the 
settlements expected in foe 
first quarter, has remained at 
foe same level since last 
autumn and is certain to result 
in pleas from ministers for 

first nine months, of 1985. 
Since last August, a third of 
the 478 settlements recorded 
in foe CBI databank have 
been between 55 and 65 per 
cent with a total of 40 percent 
in the bands of 45 to 5.5 per 
cent and 6.5 to 75 percent 

The? Bradford-based Textile 
Group of: the Transport -<& 
General . Workers' Union. 
daimed 85 per cent pay^iiw 
crease plus two. fottta days 
holiday but the employers, the 
Confederation ofBntish Wool. 
Textiles, have offered" 
5.25 per cent - 

Two killed in 
flat blaze 

Mr Norman Willis, TUC 
general secretary, might lake 
the opportunity at today’s 
meeting to warn the Chancel- 
lor of the growing opposition 
of unions to the 
Government’s desire for wid- 

A man died yesterday ra-a 
vain attempt to save a teenage, 
girl in a fire which swept 
through a flat at Prescou 
Liverpool. • 

The fa te** pay level is only ®r share ownership and profit- 
margmaUy lower than the sharing by employees. 

The bodies of Michelle 
Pickle, aged 13, and Mr.Davjd 
Powefl. aged 45, were found ip 
the badly HarTtagwi flat’, jgr 
Greenall Court 

Nitrogen and nitrates: 1 

Tax and rationing as way to limit use 

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local centre, call 0865 716768. Or send the coupon. 

Of all the unsung contribu- 
i tors to historic changes in foe 
human condition, nitrogen 
i must come somewhere near 
the top of the list Confound- 
ing the prophets of doom, 
i most of the world not only can 
comfortably feed itself but 
I also accumulate surpluses of 
i unsold produce. 

The main reason for this is 
the astonishing growth in crop 
yields. Hardier, more produc- 
tive and more disease-resis- 
| tarn varieties have been 
Durtured by an ever expanding 
range ofhighly efficient pesti- 
cides, with a significant effect 
on countries such as India, 
wbich was in a position to 
send more food aid to Ethio- 
pia than the whole of the 
Soviet block. 

But probably the single 
largest factor is foe application 
of nitrogen fertilizers. So effi- 
cient are these products that 
serious arguments have been 
put forward within foe fann- 

Coilsfora limitation on 
the use of nitrogen fertil- 
izers, as a means of 
reducing surplus food 

production, have been al- 
lied to health fears about 

to health fears about 
the rising level of nitrates 

in water supplies. In the 
first of two articles , JOHN 
YOUNG , Agriculture 
Correspondent, explains 
why fertilizers have sud- 
denly become 


rag community itself that they 
should be either rationed or 
taxed to discourage their use. 
On the face of it it seems a 

reasonable proposition; re- 
duce input costs and reduce 
output. Hie farmer may have 
to settle for two tonnes of 
wheat an acre instead of three 
or four, but he has saved 
himself a lot of expense. 

Unfortunately the equation 
does not work out quite so 
neatly. For it has been calcu- 
lated that for an expenditure 
of 39p on fertilizers, the return 
in increased production is 
£2.88; in other words benefit 
exceeds cost by a ratio of 
seven to one. 

Research at the world-fam- 
ous Rotharasted research sta- 
tion during foe past 140 years 
shows that wheat yields have 
almost quadrupled, while the 
cost per tonne has fallen by 
more than two thirds in real 

terms. No fanner could rea- 
sonably be expected to ignore 
those figures. 

Nor, for that matter, could 
consumers. It has been crude- 

ly estimated that without 
fertilizers, the retail price of a 
large white foaf would be more 
than £L 

Sweden and Finland have 
experimented with taxes on 
nitrogen fertilizers, of 25 per 
cent and 20 per cent respec- 
tively. For a short term farm- 
ers did reduce their usage, but 
it was not long before they 
decided that it was economi- 
cally sounder to pay foe tax 
than to accept reduced yields. 

There are other objections 
to such a tax, notably that it 
would weigh disproportion- 
ately heavily on those least 

able to afford it, namely small ■ 
beef and dairy farmers, as P 
fertilizer is used just as widely 
on grassland as on arable- 

. Proponents of taxation as- 
gue that it would have a dual, 
benefit. The revenue could be 
used to subsidize part of . the 
cost of disposing or surpluses, 
and any reduction in theuseof 
nitrogen would have envirijn-' 
mental advantages in lowering 
the nitrate level in soil and 
water. '• 

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Please send me further information on Unique-Air and a £200 voucher redeemable at any of your nationwide 
installation centres. Offer closes May 3!stl986. 

But Mr Tony -Williams, 
business development manag- 
er of ICTs agricultural divi- 
sion, estimates that to cover, 
the cost of foe intervention 
board in the.United Kingdom, . 
the tax would have to be 
pitched at a penal level of 
about 300 pCT. ceril^vfofi 
drastic effects on consumer 
prices. ; 

The alternative of a ration- 
ing system is seen as .being 
impossibly complex and ex- 
pensive to adhunister, 'creat- 
ing a whole new bureaucracy 
Tomorrow: Health risk 



Equity chief denies 
‘hijack 9 of union 

75% off rep 


By a Staff Reporter 



Equity general secretary Mr 
Peter Piouviez hit back yester- 
day at accusations that foe 
actors' union had 
been "hijacked” by left-wing 

pressure groups. 

The allegations followed a 
vote by Equity members giv- 
ing foe union the go-ahead to 
instruct actors and actresses 
not to perform in South 

Mr Piouviez, speaking at 
the open! og of Equity's annual 
meeting m London, said foe 
vote in favour of the ban was 
the result of a secret ballot 
among the union's 32.000 

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He asked* “Since when has 
the secret ballot been the 
weapon of the ultra left?” The 
ballot on the issue, which has 
continually split Equity's 
membership in recent years, 
was the result of requests from 
members on foe right of foe 

Mr Piouviez said: “It is the 
most ridiculous suggestion I 
have ever heard that a secret 
ballot is foe weapon of the 
ultra left” 

About 10 per cent of the 
membership voted The ruling 
council meets next week to 
discuss action against mem- 
bers who ignore a ban. j 



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Consultant dismissed 

^ after disciplinary 
inquiry costing HVtm 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 

nal consul rani sn 
i vtng on supplemeo- 

•fit after being dis- 
from bis £26,000-a- 
year job after almost four 
years of suspension and a 
disciplinary inquiry -that has 
cost the National Health Ser- 
vice nearly £250.000. 

Dr Royce Darnell, aged 56, 
a consultant microbiologist at 
the Royal Derbyshire Infinna- 
ry.-bas been dismissed on -the 
decision, of Mr Norman 
Fbw ter. - Secretary of State for 
Social Services, in spite of the 
findings of an appeal commit- 
tee that the original decision 
to dismiss him was not justi- 
fied. It had also recommended 
that be should be offered 
' another job in the Trent 
region where he works. 

Originally, Mr Fowler di- 
rected Trent to offer Dr 
Darned another post -free of 
management responsibility. 
But when the region said one 
could not be found, Mr Fowler 
approved Dr Darnell’s dis- 
missal ra February. 

Dr. Darnell is taking the 
Trent region to an industrial 
tribunal seeking reinstatement 
for unfair dismissal. His de- 
fence organization, the Medi- 
cal - Protection Society. is 
deciding this .week whether it 
will finan ce ttiai action. 

Dr Darnell was suspended 
ip June 1982 after a clash with 
consultant colleagues and 
technicians over who man - 
aged the budget of the micro- 
biology laboratory in Derby, 
and over allegations that be 
failed to run the laboratory 

• Dr Darnel} was disciplined 
under the same procedure as 
dial used against Mrs Wendy 
Savage, consultant obstetri- 
cian at the London Hospital, 
who was suspended a year ago 
next week. 

- The procedure is increasing- 
criticized as unwort- 
hy doctors and by health 
authorities, who say it is 
unfair to consultants, whose 

Dr Darnell, who was sus- 
pended after budget dash 

rights it is meant to protect, 
and to health authorities try- 
ing to get rid of consultants for 
incompetence or serious 

The procedure frequently 
takes two to four years to 
complete, costing up to 
£250,000 of health service 
money — the equivalent for 
example of 100 hip 

Dr DameD was suspended 
although there was never any 
suggestion that patients had 
been put at risk by clinical 
incompetence, or that there 
was any fina ncial impropriety. 

After his suspension, there 
were seven weeks of hearings 
in 1983, a derision to dismiss 
him in 1984 and an appeal last 
year set up by Mr Fowler 
under NHS rules. The whole 
procedure, including Dr 
Darnell's suspension on full 
r, has cost “well in excess of 
1,000". according to 

The appeal committee is 
understood to have agreed 
with die findings of the earlier 
inquiry that Dr DameD quar- 
relled in temperately with 
medical colleagues and his 
staff. But it concluded that in 
all the circumstances his ac- 
tions “did not justify" such a 
heavy penalty as dismissai 

It also criticized Trent for 
the way it handled the case. A 

spokesman lor the region said 
it rejected those criticisms but 
“regrets that any disciplinary 
proceedings should have 
lasted almost four years". 
Trent said it hoped “the 
procedures will be quickly 
reviewed and agreement 
reached on revised 

Dr Darnell, who has a son 
aged eight, another at univer- 
sity, and two other children 
who are working, said yester- 
day he felt he had been treated 
"grossly unfairly". 

“This procedure was intro- 
duced as a measure to deal 
with the doctor who was a 
drunk or dangerous to pa- 
tients, to protect the public 
against that son of thing. It is 
now being used by various 
self-appointed dictators as a 
political weapon to get their 
own way over management" 
he said. 

The suspension had meant 
he had not been able to 
practise. "While I believe I am 
still competent and up to date 
it is going to be difficult to 
convince other people of that 
after nearly four years. My 
chances of finding another 
post are very limited." 

Dr Darnell maintains that a 
suitable post without man- 
agement responsibility, is ‘ 
available at another Derby 
hospital but a spokesman for 
Trent said they interpreted Mr 
Fowler’s direction that a post 
should be found elsewhere in 
the region as meaning outside 
the Derby health authority. 

• Dr DanndTs wife, Edwina, 
aged 48. said the past four 
years had been "a tremendous 
strain". "Inevitably when peo- 

! >le learn you are suspended 
or professional .misconduct 
people suspect there must 
have been something pretty 
awful, something immoral or 
some financial impropriety. It 
has not been pleasant for 
either us or the children." 

Sewage plant may 


V\_ JRyJJvgh Cfayl^v Environment Correspondent 

Water may be.pumped di- 
rect .from a seroge plant 4o 
liaeryb&s foF.ihewstiHnem 
London to meet-an -expected 
heavy .increase. in. demand. 
The Thames Water Authority 
has decided that it needs to 
enlaige the capital's complex 
water supply system to avoid 
shortages in time of drought. 

If adopted, the scheme 
would mean that water would 
go straight from sewage works 
to reservoirs instead of enter- 
\ mg the river first There is 
treated- water iron) sewage 
plants in the London stretch of 
tiie Thames that serves upriv- 
er towns such as Reading and 

Mr John Sexton, the 
authority's water resources 
manager, said: "It is not 
unusual for people to drink 
dilute sewage at the right level 
of treatment There is treated 
sewage effluent re the Thames, 
but it is treated to a high 

London is served by a 
system of reservoirs that de- 
pend on supplies direct from 
the Thames. The water au- 
thority has decided that the 
system will not cope with 
• demand over the next 25 years 
without bringing an 

unacceptably ■. high risk of 
shortages and cut-offs. It has 
examined several ways of 
building up supplies, among 
them: ' 

Teddington weir: The au- 
thority wants to be allowed to 
cut the flow over the weir far 
below present minima in 
drought years, to keep its 
reservoirs filled from the riv- 

Staines reservoirs: More 
room could be made by 
scrapping the causeway be- 
tween the two reservoirs near 
Heathrow Airport and raising 
the banks by up to six feet. 

Sewer water: New tech- 
niques may make it safe to 
take water direct from the 
Deephams sewage works near 
Edmonton to the Lee Valley 
reservoirs. • 

Underground supplies: This 
would add water from the 
river to the groundwater sup- 
plies under parts of London 
for use as an underground 
reservoir during droughts. 

New reservoir The author- 
ity says that if its Teddmgtou 
weir plan is rejected at a public 
inquiry in June, H would have 
to draw up immediate plans 
for a reservoir, opening soon 
after the turn of the century. 


Rules ‘bar’ 
in child 
sex cases 

By Frances Gibb - 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

■■ The legal rules of evidence 
are condemned today as an 
“obstacle course” which im- 
pedes the bringing of child 
molesters to justice. 

The law, which requires a 
child's account to be support- 
ed by other evidence, assumes 
that children may tell lies in 
court and are more likely than 
adults to give false evidence, 
the Children’s Legal Center 
says in its magazine, 

Mr Robert Ludbrook, solic- 
itor at the center, says that the 
rules, known as corroboration 
requirements, place children 
and young people who have 
been sexually abused at a 
"significant disadvantage". 

Children come into the 
category of person whose evi- 
dence will not be accepted 
alone. They are too young to 
understand the nature of an 
oath, and no one can be 
convicted on a child's un- 
sworn evidence unless corrob- 
orated. he says. 

On top of that, there is the 
corroboration rule. This 
"places a serious legal obstacle 
in the way of a child in a 
situation that is already 
fraught with difficulties”. The 
court should be giving spec' ‘ 
help for such children 
An attack on the rules was 
made recently in The Times 
by Mr John Spencer, tutor in 
law at Cambridge University, 
who suggested that a different 
kind of tribunal might be 
needed to hear allegations of 
child abuse. 

According to the Children's 
Legal Center, the corrobora- 
tion rule has been abolished 
for sexual offences in South 
Australia, and a Canadian 
government report has also 
said that children should be 
able to speak on their own 
behalf in such proceedings. 




r „ 0 ' experiment 
Tyne and Wear. 
:pUcated. initially at 
i m the south of 
jut possibly with a 
f other areas being 
;er (Our Industrie 

oints around Gates- 
uding libraries and 
ty centres, people 
difficulty in getting 
including the disr 
old and mothers of 
dren. can make up a 
list from goods dis- 
a television screen, 
key in their orders, 
[hen delivered to the 
no extra charge, 
tores launched the 
q 1.980 with help 
ocal authority. EEC 
id grants and the. 
ent of tbe 

Hospital gets thanks 
from Concorde trips 

Mr Derek Gashett, a self- 
made businessman, does not 
believe he or anyone else conhl 
pot a price on tbe life of his 
wife, Dorothy. 

For three weeks she was 
dose to death, suffering from a 
brain haemorrhage, and was 
one of the few to be treated in 
the intensive care section of 
the neurosurgical unit at Hope 
Hospital Salford, Lancashire. 

She recovered, and yester- 
day Mr GaskeU, aged 52, 
started to repay the debt be 
knows he can never fully meet. 
He hired Concorde for a day. 

Mr Gashed, a builder from 
Boltoa, Greater Manchester, 
said the medical staff who 
saved his wife could provide 
only 25 beds for a population 
of5 million. 

“It is all very, well some 
charities operating cap in 
hand. I believe I am trying to 
bring a new dlrnensioa mlo 
raising money by making it 
more of a business proposition 

Mr Gaskell publicized three 
flights, two going Emm Man- 
chester to London and back. 
The third was the first super- 
sonic Concorde flight to leave 
from Manchester taking 100 
passengers over the Bay at 

Within a few days the 300 
seats available had been taken 
op, some as competition 
prizes, presents and promo- 
tional gjmmicks, bat most by 
individuals who thought they 
would never have the chance to 
fly Concorde. The city to city 
fli ghts, including a eight in an 
hotel cost £175 and the super- 
sonic trip was £325 all in. ■ • 

When all receipts are in, 
swelled by contributions from 
10,000 sightseers, he hopes to 
band in a cheque for £15,000 
to the hospital. 

MxGaskefl. does not phut to 
Stop with Concorde flights. Hei 
is negotiating to lure the! 
Orient Express. 

Appeal for 
on benefit 

Delegates from 1 IS organi- 
zations representing consum- 
ers yesterday called on the 
Government to reconsider its 
plans for reform of the social 
security system. The call came 
in a resolution at the National 
Consumers Congress in New- 
castle upon Tyne. 

Mr John MilchelL a mem- 
ber of the National Consumer 
Council, who proposed the 
resolution, said the Govern- 
ment was turning social secu- 
rity into social insecurity. 

He said: “These days, unem- 
ptoyment. marital break-up. 
disability and poverty are 
things that can afreet all of us. 
You could lose your job 
tomorrow. You could be in a 
car accident and become 

“ What consumers want is a 
system of state benefits to 
which they can contribute 
when in work, in order to 
draw on it when they need it. 
Instead the Government is 
offering them a safety net full 
of holes." 

In future, he said, families 
too poor to buy bedding, shoes 
or pay their fuel bills, would 
be offered nothing by tbe 
DHSS but the chance of a 
loan. If mistakes were made 
by staff - and DHSS staff al- 
ready made mistakes in one in 
four supplementary benefit 
claims - there would no longer 
be a right of appeal 

ty Mort. aged 18, from Oxford, one of the debutantes in the Berkeley Dress Show at 
Ion's Savoy Hotel yesterday. The children's charity show opened the 1986 season (Pho- 
tograph: Julian Herbert) 

Sea-water-driven motors for divers 

A new type of motor, driven 
by sea water, wifl allow divers 
working at np to 400 metres 
deep on the sea-bed to drill 
holes in steel plates and art 
pipes (Pearce Wright writes). 

Experimental versions of 
the invention wifl be tested 
underwater in the North Sea 
biter this year. But the inten- 
tion is to extend the discovery 
for the design of motors for the 

remote operation of underwa- 
ter vehicles and for turning on 
and off the large valves on the 
sea-bed, capping oil and gas 

Tbe principle, which could 
mean the rebirth of water 
power in industry, is tbe work 
of a research group at the 
Government's National Engi- 
neering Laboratory, at East 
Kilbride, near Glasgow. 

The laboratory, which is one 
of the largest mechanical engi- 
neering research development 
centres in Europe, has re- 
ceived £285,000 in a joint 
commission from Shell and 
Esso to perfect equipment for a 
full-scale demonstration by- 
divers in the North Sea. 

The second stage of develop- 
ment supported by the ofl 

would extend the range of the 
diving tools and take the 
project to the point of commer- 
cial exploitation by British 
companies in the mechanical 
engineering industries. 

The idea is to by-pass oil as 
an hydraulic medium. Instead, 
tbe power to turn the motor of 
a drill, a saw or a wrench 
would be sea water. 





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the more it all 

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L. 1 



Hailsham commissions 
£375,000 studies to 
speed up civil justice 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The Lord Chancellor has 
commissioned three teams of 
management consultants at a 
cost of £375,000 to look at 
how litigation in the fields of 
debt, commerce and housing 
can be reformed and made 
cheaper and quicker for the 

The three studies are part of 
the full-scale review of civil 
justice announced by Lord 
Hailsham of St Ma/ylebonein 
February 19S5 to reduce de- 
lays. costs and complexity in 
the civil courts. It is expected 
to be complete by the end of 

Management consultants 
are already examining two 
other main areas of business 
as part of the review; personal 
injuries, on which a consulta- 
tion paper has been issued, 
and small claims. 

The debt study, to be car- 
ried out by Touche Ross 
management consultants, will 
look at the procedure for 
recovering debts in the High 
Court and county court. 

Debt claims comprise by far 
the biggest component of the 
work of the civil court, ac- 
counting for ~a substantial 
proportion of their resources", 
the Lord Chancellor's Depart- 
ment says in briefing papers 
published today. 

There is also considerable 

!ong-standinj> complaint 
about the efficiency of the 
enforcement system. Credi- 
tors and solicitors complain 
about the county court bailiff 
service, saying that bailiffs are 
not vigorous enough in pursu- 
ing debts and recovering 

There are also complaints 
about the difficulty of obtain- 
ing information from the 
county courts about the 
progress of warrants of execu- 
tion. or reasons why money 
has not been obtained. 

One fiuther complaint is 
that the enforcement system 
as a whole is heavy banded 
and inept, and that it tends to 
proceed without adequate 
knowledge of a debtor's means 
and circumstances. 

The study of housing litiga- 
tion, to be earned out by 
Bristol University's school of 
advanced urban studies, will 
look at applications to the 
county courts for possession, 
the work of rent assessment 
committees and why litigants 
with legitimate housing claims 
do not always pursue them 
through the courts. 

The Lord Chancellor's De- 
partment says that at present, 
complexity in procedures in 
the courts and tribunals may 
“slow down business, increase 
costs and frighten away those 

whose claims ought , to be 
coming forward for hearing" . 

The main housing litigation 
is; applications for possession 
of residential premises, land- 
lords against tenants arid 
mortgagees against borrowers, 
who are in arrears over rent or 

The county courts handle 
(27.000 such applications a 
year and the High Court 

The commercial study will 
be done by Coopers and 
Lv brand Associates who will 
look at the heavily overloaded 
commercial court in London. 

Delay is a big concern; 
current cases expected to last 
four weeks or more are not 
getting hearing dates before 
1988- Costs are also of 


The number of cases before 
the court has grown rapidly 

Although the court nears 
complex cases, tbe depart- 
ment believes there is “cer- 
tainly room to simplify 
proceedings and thus to have 
an impact on delay and cost". 

All these studies will lead to 
consultation papers. In addi- 
tion general proposals for 
reform of court procedure and 
structure will be drawn from 

all five studies and put into a 
consultation paper to be is- 
sued next January. 


case leads 
to police 

By Peter Davenport 

Seriior police officers have 
carried out a review of proce- 
dures for the identification of 
suspects in criminal cases after 
a complaint • from lawyers 
acting for Mr Anthony 
Mycock, the man freed from 
jail after his case was high- 
lighted by the BBC's Rough 
Justice programme. 

Officers in the Greater 
Manchester police force, 
where Mr Mycock lives, have 
since been instructed that 
existing guidelines .must be 
“strictly complied with". 

Mr Mycock’s solicitor. Mr 
Robert Uzar, said .yester- 
day:"! am pleased with tbe 
response from the police and 
we feel we have achieved 
something positive. 

“It does not alter the feet 
that Mr Mycock served time 
in prison for a crime he did 
not commit, but we hope it 
will help to prevent the same 
thing ever happening to any- 
one else." 

Mr Lizar believes that if the 
guidelines had been followed 
in the case his client would 
never have been convicted. 

Mr Mycock was freed by the 
Court of Appeal in December 
last year after serving half of a 

five-year sentence for robbery. ' • r '' ' '****' '' 

Mr Mycock, who is unem- One of the 300 pepBs aged between 13 and 17, from four 
ployed, is seeking compensa- NorfhaMptonshire comprehensive schools, who performed 
tion from the Home Office for Smetana's opera, Tbe Battered Bride, in the piazza at 
the time he spent in prison. Coveut Garden yesterday (Photograph: Dod Miller). 

F\ Professor accuses 

senior scientists 
over research cash 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

Here is a booklet which brings together details of the whole range of 
schemes designed to get more people into work. 

It’s called ‘Action for Jobs’ - and brings together initiatives in the fields 
of training, employment and enterprise 

The booklet shows the number of schemes in operation - probably far 
more than you thought It explains how they relate to each other to create 
conditions in which employment and businesses can grow and flourish. 

Training for today and tomorrow 
There is an important range of schemes to enable people to acquire 
the skills, and firms toacquire the skilled workforce, ' /'.v '-. : 

essential for tomorrow's industry and commerce. i ' 

The booklet emphasises the right vocational training / : ■ 
for school-leavers, schemes for adult workers to be trained - f ■'■■■ : 

and re-trained, and includes details of help for industry - * ■’ ■ ; & ■ ' 

especially small firms - to enable them to train their - V- . ; . 
workforce. And keep them trained. J : ; ' , ■ ■ ' . 

Creating new work opportunities 

There are also schemes which help those who have been out of work 
for a long time to get back into work again on projects which benefit them 
and the communities in which they live 

Encouraging enterprise 

The creation of flourishing small businesses is a major factor in the 
development of our economy, and for generating new employment oppor- 
unities. This booklet explains the various ways in which enterprise is being 
helped and encouraged to overcome the many difficulties and obstacles. 

• One.thing is common .to all: they are 
designed to help-people help themselves and -. . 
create jobs for the future 

, ■ . . ^ . For your copy of the Action for Jobs? ■ 

: , . .'7 . booklet'send Trvthe the-coupon belab or pick one 
up at your main Post Office, your local Jobcentre 
¥■ • : V ' or local Unemployment Benefit Office 

(Travel to 













I;. Tourism 

•: Job ■ $ 

f f . Introduction *3 
t Scheme 

j Industrial .Vj 

; Language •:? 

!■ Training 

;• Service ".S 

To: Action for Jobs. Curzon House, 20-24 Lonsdale Road, London NW6 6RD. 
Please send me the 'Action for Jobs’ booklet 




P-Oi'-iTiT.*. Pj nu»Defl4rmi«n of Imoinnnertancl 
!hrrinpiM*f f ownn-AicHi 


j . 

Professor R J P Williams, a 
leading British scientist, has 
condemned tbe way millions 
of pounds of government 
money is distributed for 

He says: “It is senior British 
scientists at the highest levels 
in the University Grants 
Committee, the Advisory 
Board for the Research Coun- 
cils, the Science and Engincer- 
I ing Research Council, the 
Medical Research Council 
and the Royal Society who 
have switched their styles." 

. Professor Williams, FRS 
and an eminent chemist who 
is Napier Royal Society re- 
search professor and a fellow 

search professor and a fellow 
of Wadham College, Oxford, 
says that “ability has been 
substituted by self-interest" 

His attack, which is unpar- 
alleled, comes in an article 
entitled The Corridors of Cash 
in the journal of the Royal 
Society, of Chemistry. 

He asks: “When one senior 
scientist receives over 
£300,000 and another, nearly 
£1 million, - without proper 
peer review, what can the 
-younger scientific community 
but deduce? Even if it is not 
corrupt it certainly looks 

Professor Williams is anx- 

ious about the low morale in 
science departments because 
of the poor regard for civil 
research that the Government 
has shown. 

He says: “The feet that the 
UK spends far more money 
on defence than on civil 
research, or medical, social 
and educational activities 
compared with other Europe- 
an countries, is a cause for 
anxiety for many scientists." 

But he adds: "Recently, we 
have witnessed a new and 
sadly divisive consequence, 
which many scientists find 
even harder to understand 
and also find deeply distress- 
ing: I refer to the way in which 
new money for science re- 
search has been distributed. * 

“Committees of deter men, 
chosen from other commit- 
leeSs and given information on 
half a sheet of paper (per 
£500,000), with committee ad- 
vice not open to peer review, 
cannot provide sound 

"I should like to know who 
invented this ridiculous game 
that can only be won by those 
establishment figures who 
have committee pulL 

“I do not believe that this is 
a government plan. It is the 
work of some scientists." 


Prince to present 
enterprise awards f 

By Charles Rneritt, Architecture Correspondent 

The Prince of Wales is to 
present awards and commen- 
dations to winners of The 
77mes/RIBA Community En- 
terprise Scheme 1985-86 at the 
Royal Institute of British Ar- 
chitects in London on June 13. 

The Prince, who is patron of 
the scheme, has also expressed 
an interest in visiting some of 
the projects later in the year. 

Nearly 200 projects were 
submitted after the launch of 
the scheme last September. 
They include self-help and 
self-build housing, communi- 
ty facilities, environmental 
improvements, including ur- 
ban farms and adventure play- 
grounds, and small business 
workshops with potential for 
job creation, 

Mr Rod Hadmey, chairman 
of tbe assessors and a commu- 
nity architect: said yesterday 
"The response has. been tre- 
mendous, highlighting the ex- 
tent of community enterprise 

Coal board 
cuts price 
for CEGB 

Prices of some coal sold to 
Die Centra] Electricity Gener- 
ating Board have been re- 
duced by tbfe National Coal 
Board to stay competitive 
with the reduced cost of oil 
(Our Industrial Editor writes). 

The coal board is having 
talks with the CEGB on 
possible variations for sup- 
plies made after tbe end of 
February. The coal board 
maintains that any adjust- 
ments, which apply only to 
some coal supplies, will be 
only marginal and should 
raise no difficulties with its 
external financing limits. 

But the Cabinet which last 
week discussed the electricity 
supply industry’s prospects of 
passing savings to the con- 
sumer, appears to have accept- 
ed that the coal board should 
be allowed to run up losses to 
remain competitive: 

If coal prices were seriously 
out of line with international 
energy costs the CEGB might 
well adjust its long-term strat- 
egy on the mix of fuels used to 
the detriment of coal. 

that is thriving throughout the 

Awards and commenda- 
tions will be presented for the 
most “imaginative, viable and 
need-fulfilling" projects. The 
Calouste GulbenJrian Founda- 
tion is providing grants for the 
best entries, which will also 
receive certificates and 

The scheme is nnusiial in 
that entries are being assessed 
during the development and 
building phases and not 
judged solely on the end 
result _ 

The eight assessors have** 
visited most of tbe 33 short- 
listed entries, including hous- 
ing cooperatives in Glasgow 
and Liverpool an urban farm 
in Cardiff and the barnyard 
project at. Bedales School, 

.The visits, which include 
Northern Ireland, will becom- 
-pleted by the end . of .the 
month. . . 

homes in 

Tenants on a new Liverpool 
council housing estate have^, 
discovered that they are enti- 
tled to buy their semi-de- 
tached homes for half what 
they cost to build, because ofa 
mix-up by the ruling Labour 

The £4.8 million. Joliffe 
Street estate in Toxtetfa was 
under construction as homes 
for sale when Labour came to 
power in .1983. Labour con- 
verted them into homes for 

But vital approval was not 
obtained from the Depart- 
ment of the Enviroment It 
means householders can buy a 
three-bedroom semi by claim- 
ing a 50 per cent discount 

There are 207 and opposi- « 
lion councillors reckon the*- 
loophole could cost ratepayers 
more than £2 million. 

A spokesman for Liverpool 
City Council said:"The loss to 
the council will depend on 
how many tenants choose to 
buy their bouse. Market val- 
ues have dropped on the estate 
so the houses aren’t worth the 
price for which they were 
initially built." 

Mountain rescue team 
denies being ghoulish 

By Ronald Faux 

A Scottish mountain rescue They 
team has been criticized for tracked 
being over-zealous and "lurk- time ts 
ing below tbe crag awaiting juredd 
employment”. the hilli 

Mr Robin CampbeU, presi- two or i 
deni of the Mountaineering a year. 
Council for Scotland, com- profile, 
plained in the latest issue of cations 
Climber ' and Rambler maga- waiting 
zinc that the Cairngorm the crag 
mountain rescue team had Othei 
been taking its snow vehicles cialists 
into the Corrie an Sneachda the Ca 
on Cairngorm this winter Scottish 
without obvious cause. "This said tha 
behaviour detracted greatly erwhen 
from the ambience of. the quickly 
corrie and amounted to over- well-orj 
zealous rescue provision,” he was ess 
said. work sr 

There had been complaints it has 
to the council, Mr Campbell surely c 
said, and readers were invited Mr 1 
to report any unwelcome at- Glencw 
lention from rescue personnel, rescue 
. But Mr Jobn Allen, deputy than 25 
leader of the rescue team, said he tho 
the attack was unjust and individi 
totally without foundation, more L 
“We think we do a fruity good people 
job and do it well and quietly. - mounts 
We are all. mountaineers and was a I 
i the rescue team is a secondary genuine 
pursuit," be said. Even so. the ing peo 
team had taken part in 1 5 big may set 
rescues in the Cairngorms this climber 
year. . lives an 

They did have a small'* 
tracked vehicle which cut tbe 
time taken to transport in- 
jured climbers or bodies from 
the hills. It was used on only 
two or three training exercises 
a year. The team kept a low 
profile, he said, and the impli- 
cations that they were ghouls 
wailing for bodies to drop off 
the crags was scurrilous. 

Other mountain rescue spe- 
cialists in Scotland supported 
the Cairngorm team. One 
Scottish climber and rescuer 
said that in bad winter weath-£ 
erwhen the Cairngorms could - 
quickly become dangerous, a 
well-organized rescue team 
was essential “If a learp is to 
work smoothly and efficiently 
it has to practise. That is 
surely obvious,”he said. 

Mr Hamish Machines, of 
Glencoe, a mountaineer and 
rescue specialist with more 
than 25 years experience, said 
he thought that some few 
individuals were perhaps 
more interested in rescufq* 
people than in climbing - 
mountains, but asked if that 
was a bad thing. "They are 
genuinely interested in help- 
ing people and although that 
may seem a bit alien to some 
climbers I believe their mo- 
tives are good." 

int liWLta MUJNUAY AJrKlL 14 iy»t> 

X 1 V/iVXXrf llXrf fTl^ 

campaign to 
reform law on 
artists’ rights 

By Frances Gibb, Legal ASurs Correspondent 

. .The Arts .Council and. the 
Royal Academy have joined 
forces in an unprecedented 
campaign to bring a change of 
■ heart by the Government on 
. reform of the law on 

The campaign, on behalf of 
an estimated 30,000 artists in 
Britain, coincides with the 
publication this week of the 
While Paper on copyright law. 

_ It is being launched amid 
widespread speculation tha t 
the Government will fail, in 
the White Paper, to reform the 
a controversial section 4' (2) of 
the Copyright Act 1 956, which 
deprives artists of the copy- 
right of works carried out on 

The section says that a 
person who commissions a 
photograph, painting or draw-, 

' ing ota portrait or an engrav- 
ing and pays for it owns not 
only the work but also the 

The academy and council 
have taken up the issue be- 
cause, they say, there is no 
other body or union to repre- 
sent- artists* interests. They 
want to bring the law into line 
with that in the rest of Europe, 
3 and with the Berne Conven- 
tion, so that artists would 
automatically retain the copy- 

right of commissioned works, 
unless they entered a contract 
to assign h to the person 
paying for the work. 

Mr Rory Coo nan, art direc- 
tor of the council, said: “This 
will improve the bargaining 
power of artists vis-a-vis the 
commissioners." The reform 
was particularly important be- 
. cause of the rapid growth in 
an patronage, encouraged by 
Arts Council’ schemes in 
which the council paid up to 
half the cost of a commission, 
although it had no ownership 
of the work. 

The Government is expect- 
ed to resist the reform on the 
ground that it would overturn 
a fundamental principle of 
English law; that a person who 
buys a chattel buys all the 
rights in XL 

The White Paper will be the 
first significant overhaul of 
copyright law for years and 
will extend the definition of 
intellectual property to prod- 
ucts of new technology. 

The arts organizations are 
concerned also that the Gov- 
ernment, sees the opportunity 
to improve and expand the 
definition of works of art 
which under the copyright Act 
is “works of artistic 

Government proposes 
levy on blank tapes 

The steps to betaken to beat 
1 taupe piracy and illicit copying 
of video tape, audio tape and 
computer programs, will be 
among measures in the While 
Paper on copyright (BUI 
Johnstone writes). 

Some are expected to be 
controversial such as a levy 
on blank audio tape. 

Many groups with . vested 
interests have been trying in 
recent months to influence the 
Government's - policy on 

- The computer industry has 
its own campaign called Fed- 
eration Against Software 
Theft (Fast), which it 'main- 
tains costs : the industry 
£150 million a year. ' 

- The music - industry has 
been lobbying to place a levy 

on Wank audio and video 
tape, maintaining that mil- 
lions of pounds is lost each 
year through illicit copying. 

The Government received 
more than a 1,000 rEsponses 
to its Green Paper on copy- 
right last year, almost all 
opposed to a levy. It appears 
likely that a levy will not be 
imposed on Wank video tape 
but there will be a 10 per cent 
surcharge on audio tapes. 

The Consumers’ Associa- 
tion has opposed the levies, as 
have the manufacturers of 
tape, who are preparing to 
take legal action against any 
government in Europe which 
imposes a levy. 

• The White Paper is expect- 
ed to be teed as a framework 
by the EEC 

More that 300 Morris Minors lining up in Battersea Park for the start of the fourth annual London to Brighton Fun Ron organized by the West 

Sussex Morris Minor Owners Cub yesterday 

‘Seveso’ battle cry down at the Welsh farm 

By Tim Jones 

The animate are dying again 
on BnHsmoor Fans and Mr 
Colin Haines rfahmy financial 
niin is staring him in the face. 
After more than 40 years of 
farming the rich Usk Valley in 
South Wales, his flock and 
herd have been decimated and 
the 100-acre farm is grossly 

Mr Haines is one of the 
protagonists in a saga which 
has led to accusations that the 
ineffideet framing of poison- 
ous wastes has caused severe 
abnormalities in children and 

horrible dgftflm for animate. 

The controversy has led to 
threats of High Court action. 
One Scottish farmer is await- 
ing a legal aid daim which he 
hopes will enable him to 
initiate a £2 million damages 

Parents of deformed chil- 

dren and farmers whose ani- 
mals have suffered daim their 
troubles arise from an inciner- 
ator plant at Fontypool and a 
s imilar facility, now dosed, at 
Bonaybridge. Scotland, oper- 
ated by Re-Chem Internation- 
al. The accnsations are denied 
by the company, which can 
produce independent evidence 
from six public bodies status 
that the plant is safe. 

However, the well-orga- 
nized protest body claims to 
have obtained opinions from 
its own from internationally 
respected experts who allege 
that procedures at the plant 
may be inadequate. 

AMa®egh the company has 
embarked on a sophisticated 
public relations exercise and 
implemented a programme of 
site visits, die protests are 
ana bated. More than 18,000 
local people have signed a 

petition calling for the dosure 
of the Ponlypool plant pending 
a public inquiry- The local 
Torfaen Borough Council is 
taking legal action on behalf of 
four people. 

If the issue ever reaches the 
courts the protesters and indi- 
vidnals affected will try to 
prove that the incomplete 
burning of waste, in particular 
polychlorinated bithenyi, 
causes the formation of dan- 
gerous substances, induding 
dioxines, which are among the 
most lethal chemicals. 

The company, in turn, can 
produce counter evidence from 
the Indus trial Air PoUution 
Inspectorate, the Factory In- 
spectorate, the UK Atomic 
Energy Authority, the state 
veterinary service, the Welsh 
Water Authority and the 
Gwent Health Authority. 

The battle remained nndi- 

minished at the weekend when 
a group of protesters demon- 
strated outside the Dutch Em- 
bassy in London, calling for a 
suspension on the export of 
waste chemicals to Pontypool. 

Their petition said: “We feel 
hopeful that the Dutch govern- 
ment and the Dutch public will 
find it morally indefensible to 
continue to export their prob- 
lems to another part of the 
world where the old and 
inefficient Re-Chem incinera- 
tor is causing acute anxiety to 
many thoosands of local 

However, at a company 
press conference last week. 
Professor Chrisfoffer Rappe, 
of the University or Umea, 
Sweden, said: “There is now 
an accnmnlation of scientific 
evidence that proves that Re- 
Cfaem's operations do not 
pollute the environment" 

That is small consolation to 
Mr Haines and his colleagues. 
He said: “What I resent most 
of all is the accusation by the 
company, which they pub- 
lished, that ray problems were 
due to bad fanning methods. 

Before Re-Chem moved into 
the area my farm was flourish- 
ing and I almost owned iL 

“But once the plant arrived 
my animals started dying 

He added: “We are con- 
vinced that wind-borne parti- 
cles are dropped on onr land 
which is natural catchment 
area. In spite of the denials 
many experts have no doobt 
that our animals are suffering 
from chemical poisoning. We 
visited Seveso in Italy after 
their disaster and scientists 
who saw photographs of onr 
cattle had no hesitation in 
identifying the problem." 

New hope for depression sufferers 

A number of new sub- 
stances are being tested as 
possible ami-depressant drugs 
that eliminate side-effects and 
act more quickly than existing 
ones (Our Science Editor 

Promising results with one 
of these preparations used in 
medical trials in the UK and 
other European countries are 
reported in the latest issue of 
Chemistry in Britain. 

The active ingredient, called 
idazoxan, is more specific in 

the way it behaves in the body, 
according to Dr Christopher 
Chapleo, head of medicinal 
chemistry in the research lab- 
oratories of Reckitl and 

The new medicine still re- 
lies on the belief in the 
catecholamine theory of de- 
pression, providing a bio- 
chemical explanation for the 
condition although in practice 
the causes -of depression are 
not known. 

The biochemical view pro- 

that depression results 
>m a shortage in the brain of 
one of the nervous systems 
chemical messengers, nor- 
adrenaline. which is a 

The amount of the nor- 
adrenaline is regulated by a 
number of different mecha- 
nisms, and the current genera- 
tion of drugs works by trying 
to modify more than one of 
the processes that lead to 
breakdown of the biochemi- 
cal resulting in side effects. 

Editors given advice 
on race and colour 

The Press Council’s view on 
publishing someone's race or 
colour serves the interest of 
better community relations 
and should be respected, Mr 
Kenneth Morgan, the 
council's director, said 
He told a conference of the 
Guild of British Newspaper 
Editors at Wishaw, near Bir- 
mingham. that colour or race 
should only be included if it. 
was* relevant 

“Where the story is that 
police are searching for some- 
one. or where colour was the 
cause of a crime or where an 
article is discussing racial 
issues, there is clear 
relevance," Mr Morgan said. 

“But where someone is 
simply accused or convicted 
of a general crime, to intro- 
duce the fact that he is black is 
. likely to be both inelevantand 

on skin 

By Thomson Prentice 

Science Correspondent 

Skin cancer caused by sun- 
bathing is a rapidly growing 
problem in Britain and the 
public should be alerted to the 
potential hazards before it gets 
worse, a leading specialist has 

The condition is a prevent- 
able disease which is increas- 
ing “to a frightening degree" 
in the United Slates. Australia 
and South Africa, with British 
cases soaring because of in- 
creased travel abroad and 
more outdoor activities. Pro- 
fessor Ronald Marks has re- 
ported in a medical journal 

“As the sun-worship cult 
gains strength, outdoor activi- 
ties increase in popularity, and 
holidays in the Mediterranean 
sun become ever cheaper, it is 
important to know how to 
reduce the risk of sun-induced 
skin cancer.” Professor 
Marks, of the University of 
Wales College of Medicine, 

A woreying aspect is that 
tests on sun-screen products 
have suggested that although 
sun bathers who apply such 
oils or creams to their bodies 
do not burn, they none the less 
sustain “significant injury" to 
the skin. 

“This is a cause for concern. 
It suggests that damaging radi- 
ation may still reach skin 
protected from burning," the 
dermatology professor says in 
this month's issue of the 
Journal of ihe Royal College of 
Physicians of London. 

Half a million new cases of 
□on-melanoma skin cancer 
were expected to be reported 
in America last year, and 1.000 
cases a week were being 
reported in the state of Vic- 
toria in Australia. 

At Professor Marks' clinic 
in Cardiff, there were almost 
400 cases, equal to 8.5 percent 
of all new patients, in 1984. 

“In countries such as the 
US. Australia and South Afri- 
ca. skin cancer is now a major 
public health problem." Pro- 
fessor Marks says. Although 
the damage caused by chronic 
sun exposure is seldom fatal, 
considerable illness results. 

‘Campaigns have been 
mounted in those countries to 
make the public more aware 
of the danger of sunbathing. 
Our problem in the UK is 
smaller but rapidly growing in 
size because of the increased 
opportunities for travel and 
the growing emphasis on out- 
door activities. 

In IB 85, British industry found itself under more pressure than ever before 

> ‘ r y* 

from red tape, bureaucracy and restrictions. 

* * Wl jfrr*m1liitlTunTii '** ~"r 

•••1 John Perdval 1 

Sarah’s' husband) were reject-' 
edby a people whose life had 

Sarah Hearing [ KJ It! 


ii»-iHMirr+ wi'»inwm 


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The Libya crisis: Controversy mounts throughout the world 

League confirms 
solidarity with 

: TuruVfReuier) — The-Zl- 
menjbeu- Arab . League said 
yesterday that it would sup- 
port ^Libya in the event of 
atkrther military strike by the 

i- : ' “The. Arab l«pM» reaffirms 
the^soUdanty- or. Arab -states 

if US attacks 

baulks at 
plea on 
US bases 

“The campaign orchestrat- 
ed by the US ... is based on 
obscure accusations which are 
not justified by any tangible 
proof” the communique said. 

“It is unthinkable that, ev> 

(Witlr Libya) Jn the face of all. 
threatsof agression' directed 
against its security,” it said in 
a comm unique. . 

the second time in less 
than-a month (Libya) is die 

era time certain .small groups 
of desperate and irresponsible 

mrget qf major threats from 
tire United States which thus 
. vimates international custom 
and law: and • exposes the 
security of the regiorrto grave 
dangers,” the ' communique 
said, according to the Tuni- 
sian news agency. 

■ JJS battleships are gathered 
widiiol striking distance of 
Libya, which .Washington 
blames for bomb attacks in 

of deaerate and irresponsible 
people commit isolated acts of 
violence, the responsibility for 
such acts is imputed to any 
Arab country- 

“This type of violence by 
desperate people . . . cannot 
be combated by more muscu- 
lar terrorism of a great power, 
but by eradication of the 
profound causes at the root of 
rising despair.” 

• DAMASCUS: The Syrian 
Foreign Minister, Mr Fhrouk 
al-Sharaa. yesterday pledged 
all-out support for Libya in its 
confrontation with the US in 
the Gulf of Sirte, the. Syrian 
Arab News Agency said (AP 
reports). . 

The official news agency 
said that Mr al-Sharaa held a 
“lengthy round of negotia- 
tions" with the Libyan For- 
eign Minister, Mr Kamel al- 
Mansour, after he flew to 
Damascus for an unan- 
nounced visit earlier yesterday 

“Talks were about the mo- 
bilization of the American 
Sixth Fleet in the Mediterra- 
nean ... for a new aggression 
against Libya,” the agency 

It said that Mr al-Sharaa 
“stressed that Syria stands 

firmly next to Libya with all 
its potential in confronting (he 
premeditated aggression 
against Libya". 

• NEW YORK: Malta ap- 
pealed for restraint in the 
Mediterranean yesterday as 
the United Nations Security 
Council convened on the issue 
(Zoriana Pysariwsky writes). 

Man in the News 



From Christopher Thomas 

‘ i. General Vernon Walters is 
an. original Cold War Paladin. 
This son of- a Englishman, 
troubleshooter extraordinary, 
linguist, and the 
confidante/translator to sever- 
al Presidents, has . spent a 
lifetime in high-stakes, covert 
work. His mission to Europe 
is a rare entry into bigh- 
publirity diplomacy.' 

‘ He succeeded Mrs Jeane 
Kirkpatrick early last year as 
US Ambassador to the United 
Nations, which gives him 
cabinet rank and a place on 

the National Security Council. 
He said pointedly that he 
would not be a mere messen- 
ger, a remark aimed at career 
diplomats who scoffed that he 
had spent much of his career 
as a simple conveyor of secret 
diplomatic messages. 

President Reagan brought 
him out of retirement in 1981, 
making him Ambassador-at- 
large and the State 
Department's peripatetic 

Continued from page 1 
from - Britain the Americans 
had hoped to use their Fill 
bonibera of which there are 
about ISO stationed at Laken- 
heath in Suffolk and Upper 
Heyford in Oxfordshire. 

It is noLdear that there was 
any strong military argument 
for using the British-based 
bombers, for the carrier-based 
aircraft of the US Navy off 
Libya carry all the power 
likely to be needed. 

. It is probable that the 
motive behind the American 
request was the political one 
of wishing it to be seen that at 
least one ally - Britain - was 
cooperating in the action. 

Mrs Thatcher's apparent 
reluctance to see British bases 
used was supported by her 
political opponents yesterday. 
Mr NeflKinnock, the Labour 
leader, said it made sense. 
Military action, he said, could 
do nothing to diminish 

Mr David Steel said British 
bases should not be used. 
Britons in Libya would imme- 
diately become hostages, he 
said. “The Prime Minister is 
right to take a cautious 

He is a self-made man who 
rose through the ranks of the 
Army during the war and 
became an intelligence officer 
whose linguistic ability drew 
the attention of many gener- 
als, diplomats and five Presi- 
dents. He speaks seven 
languages, five of them 

Since then the general a 
bachelor who neither smokes 
nor drinks but who has a 
voracious appetite for sweets, 
has travelled hundreds of 
thousands of miles on unad- 
vertised missions. 

Since the Second World 
War he has been involved in 
secret US government mis- 
sions, including the Anglo- 
manias oil crisis in the 1950s, 

There was scepticism yes- 
terday over reports from Lib- 
ya that foreign nationals bad 
been moved into potential 
target areas as a means of 
deterring American attacks. 

The Foreign and Common- 
wealth Office said last night 
that the British consul in 
Tripoli Mr Hugh Dunnachi, 
had had contacts with a large 
number of organizations em- 
ploying Britons in Libya, but 
none had any information of 
Britons being moved into 
possible target areas. 

Israeli Cabinet in 
renewed battle 
over finance post 

From David Bernstein, Jerusalem 

“They don't seem to realize 
that they are driving an entire 
nation oat of its mind,” the 
mass-circniation Yediot 
Aharoaot newspaper said of 
Israel's politicians yesterday. 

It was reflecting the public 
mood of bemused disbelief as 
the Cabinet crisis that seemed 
settled last week erupted again 
at the weekend. 

The issue which threatened 
to destroy the agreement on a 
reshuffle that would move the 
Finance Minister, Mr Yitzhak 
Modal to the Foreign Minis- 
try was the future of the 
Finance portfolio when Mr 
Shimon Peres, the Labour 
leader, hands over the pre- 
miership to Mr Yitzhak 
Shamir, his Lfknd counter- 
part, in October. 

Labour spokesmen insisted 
yesterday that Mr Shamir had 
agreed to Mr Peres's demand 
that Mr Modal a Likud 
member, should not return to 
the Treasury after the 

Labour and Likud Knesset 
factions both held meetings 
yesterday to formulate the 
positions they would take at 
the Cabinet meeting, sched- 
uled for yesterday morning but 
postponed until last night 

Labour decided firmly that 
Mr Peres would demand as- 

surances that Mr Modai 
would not return to the Trea- 
sury. If these were not received 
he would go ahead and dismiss 
Mr Modal who had angered 
Mr Peres by criticizing him 
and his economic policies. 

Likud was expected to reject 
the demand out of 
hand. Moreover, both Mr 
Shamir and Mr Modal who 
last week favoured a reshuffle 
under which they would swap 
the Foreign and Finance port- 
folios until October, had ap- 
parently changed their minds 
by yesterday. 

Mr S hamir was quoted as 
saying that be was no longer 
prepared to become Finance 
Minister, while Mr Modai 
said he had no intention of 
swapping portfolios. 

Mr Peres made clear yester- 
day that he was determined to 
bring matters to a head at the 
Cabinet meeting. Should he 
dismiss Mr Modal Likud 
ministers are expected to fol- 
low the Finance Minister onx 
of the Government. 

This would leave Mr Peres 
with a narrow majority, pro- 
vided the three small religious 
parties remained in the coali- 
tion — which is by no means 
assured. Should Mr Peres lose 
his majority, the Government 
would fall requiring elections. 

Private Robert Beecham weeping at the Detroit funeral of 
his brother, Kenneth, an army sergeant, killed In the April 5 
bomb attack on a Berlin discotheque, blamed on Libya. West 
Berlin police have tightened border controls to bar terrorists. 

Do® offers dialogue to 
placate opposition 

From Richard Everett, Abidjan 

EEC tries to forestall 
US military action 

Relatives stunned by life term for UK engineer 

Relatives and friends of Mr 
James Abra of Hitchin, Hert- 
fordshire, the British engineer 
jailed for life in Libya on 
spying charges, were stunned 

- and dismayed at his sentence. 

: They had beenpraying for his 

- release and early return home. 

- Theiaimlyfaomeisabiniga- 
’ low on an estatenot far from 

Hitehin railway station; in the - 
is middle of Jhe commuter belL 

- Nraghboursand friends de- . 

■■ - scribed MrAtihl aged*S8,«aad ' 

his Czechoslovak-born wife, 
Rudka, as a “very nice, quiet 
couple". Neighbours said they 
did not mixagreat deal locally 
in a social way. They “kept 
themselves very much to 

Before the trial which end- 
ed on Saturday, a light often 
burnt m, -iheir porch. But 
yesterday the house was de- 
serted, and Mrs Abra was not 
available. " 

Mr Abra’s brother, John, of 
Stevenage, Hertfordshire, said 
on Saturday before the ver- 
dict: “There is a lot happening 
out there (Libya). We are all 
praying for good news.” But 
after the verdict, in a stunned, 
depressed atmosphere, he 
said: “There is nothing ftinher 
I can say." 

Mr James Abra was accused 
of trying to smuggle secret 
documents out of Libya. He 
pleaded not guilty. 

He was arrested in Libya on 
June 20 last year while work- 
ing as a field electronics 
engineer with Plessey Radar. 
The prosecution accused him 
of passing classified informa- 
tion in company documents to 
Plessey Radar and a foreign 

Mr Abra appeared in court 
in Libya on several occasions 
earlier this year, when the 
bearings were adjourned 

Continued from page 1 
only has strong trade links 
with Libya, and a sizeable 
community of German oil 
workers in Tripoli, but also 
fears further attacks on US 
servicemen in West Germany. 

European leaders still want 
detailed evidence from Wash- 
ington that Colonel Gadaffi is 
behind recent terrorism, in- 
cluding the TWA bomb and 
the West Berlin discotheque 
attack. But they do not want to 
be accused of “appeasing” 
terrorists and their backers. 

The EEC will today consid- 
er a new report on anti- 
terrorism produced by an EEC 

working group. The Trevi 
Report, named after the 
group's Italian chairman, pro- 
poses stronger international 
co-operation to identify both 
terrorists and Arab states that 
abuse diplomatic privilege in 
the West to arm and finance 
fanatical gunmen. 

The European view is that 
patient and determined co- 
operation and pooling of intel- 
ligence will pay off.' 

Some American officials ac- 
cuse EEC countries such as 
Italy and France of turning a 
blind eye to Arab terrorists 
who pass through their 


The Liberian Government 
has said it is ready to consider 
negotiations with opposition 
leaders after a significant Cab- 
inet reshuffle last weekend. 

The Justice Minister. Mr 
Jenkins ScotL said last week 
that such a dialogue could take 
the form of a round-table 
discussion to look at the 
country's current political and 
economic situation. 

Mr Scon's announcement 
that the Government was 
examining the possibility of a 
"significant dialogue” was the 
latest in a series of administra- 
tion moves intended to defuse 
mounting pressure from the 

It came after a Cabinet 
reshuffle in which key minis- 
ters changed portfolios or left 
the Government. 

No official reasons were 
given for the reshuffle which 

President Doe said was made 
on the advice of the Liberian 
Senate. However, political an- 
alysts see it as a move to 
appease critics of the regime, 
especially the United States. 

The opposition has also 
increased pressure in the past 
month, criticizing the 
Government’s economic poli- 
cies and calling for fresh 

Last week, the opposition 
parlies accused the Govern- 
ment of trying to implicate the 
opposition in a “false coup 
attempt*' in order to discredit 
and eliminate the coalition 

The new Justice Minister 
has now denied the allega- 
tions, while the President's 
press secretary said tbe Gov- 
ernment would form a com- 
mission to look into the 






You enjoy Flora for its light and 
delicate taste. 

But you also have a much better 
reason for choosing it. 

That reason is you. 

You know why you need to lead a 
healthier life. 

And you know about Flora too. 

Flora is made with pure sunflower 
oil, so it's high in essential polyun- 
saturates, low in saturates and low in 
cholesterol too. 

But then if it wasn’t, it wouldn’t ' 
be Flora. 

..f™ y° u eatin S Flora for all the 
right reasons? 

High m essential polyunsaturates. 

Progress made 
on Falklands 
in exploratory 
Mexico talks 

From John Carlin. Mexico City 

Parliamentarians from Brit- 
ain and Argentina met here for 
exploratory talks on the Faik- 

- lands dispute described by the 
. head of the British delegation. 

Mr David Crouch. Conserva- 
live MP for Canterbury, as "a 
little piece of history ”. 

He said that the possibility 
of ceasing hostilities and re- 
storing diplomatic relations 
. between the two countries had 

- been brought nearer. 

“The Argentines said the 
'question of sovereignty over 
“ the islands no longer had to be 

- the top item on a possible 
negotiations agenda.” Mr 
Crouch told The Times. 

Buta British source close to 
the meeting warned against 
talking of a breakthrough, 
saying that passions still re- 
mained high on both sides. 

Mr Crouch and seven other 
MPs. three Conservatives and 
four Labour, left Mexico yes- 
terday at the end of a week- 
long meeting of the Inter- 
parliamentary Union. 

The eight British MPs met 
eight members of the Argen- 
tine Congress for more than 

an hour on Thursday night in 
an hotel room. 

Bui the British delegation 
made it clear that should 
negotiations between the two 
governments take place. Brit- 
ain. in the words of one MP. 
would not be in the game of 
beginning a process aimed at 
transferring the islands' sov- 

In an interview with The 
Times at the weekend, the 
most senior member of the 
Argentine delegation. Senator 
Julio Amoedo. confirmed that 
sovereignty did not have to be 
“number one on the list”. 

He said Argentina wanted 
to begin talks with “an open 
agenda”, but then, appearing 
to contradict himself, he in- 
sisted that the sovereignty 
issue would have, categorical- 
ly. to be included, although it 
could remain as the last point 
of negotiation. 

land islanders joined families 
of 56 British servicemen killed 
in the 1 982 war in a memorial 
service held shortly after the 
fourth anniversary of the start 
of the conflict 

Natta charts reformist 
path to power in Italy 

From Peter Nichols, Rome 

The applause at the dose of 
the I talian Communist Party 
congress in Florence yesterday 
was warm and enthusiastic, 
indicating that Signor 
Alessandro Natta was now 
firmly established as its 

It was not a result that could 
have been taken for granted. 
He was made the party's 
■secretary after the sodden 
.death two years ago of Enrico 
Berlingaer and many regarded 
liim as a stop-gap figure who 
would soon hand over the reins 
-to a younger and more dynam- 
ic personality. 

The party congress was 
called — unusually — a year 
ahead of the normal four-year 
period between congresses and 
in the wake of a series of 

Signor Natta said that his 
predecessor's policy of bring- 

ing the Communists into gov- 
ernment coalitions was a 
phase now overtaken by events 
and he proposed a more 
derisive role for the Commu- 
nists in the future. 

These were do longer times, 
he said, in which the Commu- 
nists should show themselves 
ready to support governments 
led by other parties. 

He based the party's new 
political stand on the 1948 
constitution, which was draft- 
ed with Communist help 

He argued that the constitu- 
tion had not been folly actu- 
ated and required a series of 
reforming measures which 
would allow it to be brought 
into foil effect. 

Signor Natta insisted on the 
need for a straggle to prepare 
the Cornm nn ist s for a derisive 
role in Italian politics as a 
governing party. 


Breyten Breyten bach, the Afrikaner poet, with his wife Yoiande, centre, and the wr iter Daleen Matthee in Pretoria. 

I talian link to Nazi death camp 

Witness picks out ‘Ivan the Terrible’ 

An Italian witness has for 
the first time formally linked 
the so-called “Ivan • the 
Terrible” from Treblinka with 
the name of the man now held 
in Israel for triaL John 

The identity of the witness 
is being closely guarded for his 
protection and that of his 

From Gitta Sereny and Dalbert HaHensteln, Trieste 



Thirteen survivors of the 
death camps have identified 
Demjanjuk as the man who 
drove hundreds of thousands 
of Jews into the gas chambers 
between July 1942 and Sep- 
tember 19431 

But during their months of 
horror in the camps none of 
them ever knew his surname 
— or those of any of the other 
Ukrainian SS volunteers who 
guarded them. The impossi- 
bility of linking name and 
person has been a big difficul- 
ty in establishing the case in 

When the extermination 
programme ended in autumn 
1943. when the Russians ap- 
proached the region in Poland 
where the death camps had 
been established, the German 
SS staff and a selected number 
of their Ukrainian assistants 
were transferred to Trieste to 
hunt down Italian Jews and 

The man who. after extra 
information supplied by The 
Times, was formally interro- 
gated last weekend by the chief 
magistrate of Trieste, is a 
crafstman. During the last 
years of the war, like many 

War crimes trial 

Belgrade — The trail of Mr 
Andifja Artukovic, aged 86, 
for alleged war crimes begins 
today in Zagreb (Dessa 
Trevisan writes). 

Yugoslavia has waited near- 
ly 40 years for the case against 
the wartime interior Minister 
of the Croatian poppet regime 
to be heard. He was extradited 
from the United States in 

artisans in the city, he worked 
for the German SS. 

The craftsman was discov- 
ered, after the Americans, last 
August, said there was a 
possible Trieste link between 
Demjanjuk and the Ukrainian 
SS volunteers who came to 
Trieste from Poland. 

About to deport Demjanjuk 
from the US for falsifying his 
visa application, the Ameri- 
cans sent a wartime photo- 
graph they had used in his 
trial, and the Trieste police 

began the search thr 
thousands of files for possil 

The man they found has no 
political record, has led an 
entirely respectable life, and 
has a son who is a leading local 
executive. The family is ap- 
palled at even a relatively 
innocent association with the 
German SS becoming public 
after four decades and be was 
originally very reluctant to 

But when be was shown the 
previously unpublished pho- 
tograph of the 22-year-old 
Ukrainian SS member, he 
immediately recognized him 
asa man be had done work for 
on several occasions in 1944 
and spontaneously gave the 
name Demjanjuk. which had 
not been mentioned 

Inspector Sergio Petrosino. 
the police officer in charge of 
the investigation, considers 
him an extremely strong wit- 
ness. “Demjanjuk's activities 
in Treblinka are of course 
humanly deplorable, but legal- 
ly they are irrelevant to the 
Italian state. Our concern is 
with crimes committed 
against our own citizens.”he 

“But we realize that 

Demjanjuk may well have 
things to answer for here. too. 
For the Israelis this identifica- 
tion is of enormous impor- 
tance and we shalL of course, 
be prepared to assist them as 
soon as we are asked.” 

Indicative of the degree 
with which the past still 
preoccupies the Triestenes 
(and exceptional in a country 
where the public traditionally 
avoid any unnecessary contact 
with officialdom X police ap- 
peals for information have 
borne fruit, too. 

A former carabiniere, now 
aged 85, who in 1944 was 
imprisoned in San Sabba. the 
infamous Nazi prison where 
thousands of anti-Fascist and 
Italian Jews were held and 
murdered (the main subject of 
continuing I talian war crime 
investigations), believes he 
recognized in the photograph 
of the young Demiaqjuk one 
of the Ukrainian SS guards at 
the prison. 

He remembered him partic- 
ularly, he told us last week, 
because — quite exceptionally 
— be managed on one occa- 
sion to engage him in conver- 
sation “and he said that he 
belonged , to the unit who'd 
been killing Jews. .1 could 
never forget that” 

poet hits 
at Pretoria 

From Michael Hernsby 
South Africa's most famous 
contemporary port m Afrj- 
loans, Breyten BMytenbach, 
returned to his native land at 
foe weekend for the first time 
since he was released from 
prison in 1982- after serving 
seven years of a nine-year 
sentence for terrorism. 

loan astonishing sign of the 

changing times, Mr 
Breytenbach retraced _ to be 
honoured as the recipient of 
one of the country's mam 
prizes for literature by a 
largely establishment audi- 
ence of Afrikaner authors, 
publishers and academics in 
the State Theatre in Pretoria. 

The £5,006 prize is green 
annu ally by Rapport , die big- 
gest -selling Afrikaans Sunday 
newspaper, and was won for 
poems written by Mr 
Breytenbach while in prison. 

The audience gave him a 
standing ovation, but there 
was stunned silence when he 
madma n impassioned deamid- 
ation of the Government, 
whose “rottenness" and 
“madness” be said, were 

“The Afrikaner’s 'contribu- 
tion to the richness of our 
world's spiritual heritage is 
specific: erecting and enthron- 
ing racism as an ideal state 
and then, as a sacrament to 
this idolatry, enshrining 
apartheid," he said. 

He appealed to his fellow 
Afrikaners — “this wtuteiah 
and perverse tribe of Africans" 
— not to let tilings come “to the 
point where apartheid can only 
be smothered in blood". 

Moscow test 
for Sweden’s 
new Premier 

From Christopher Mosey 

Mr Ingvar Carisson. the 
Swedish Prime Minister, to- 
day feces the most severe test 
of his dmlomatic skills, since 
taking office last month, when 
be flies to Moscow for a tbriie- 
day official visit 
He wfll meet Mr Nikolai 
Ryzhkov, the Prime Minister, 
tomorrow, a prelude to talks 
with Mr Gorbachov. - 
Mr Carisson is hOnour-4 
bound to protest against' al- 
leged Soviet submarine 
violations of Swedish waters. 

for Bush 
after Gulf 
mission ; 

- Washington •- VWPkesi* 
denl George BusbV iQ-dsp 
visit to Gulf saxes seems to 
have damaged his standing as 
a presidential aspirant because 
of confusion caused bv las call $ 
for “stability” i a ou prices 
(Christopher Thomas writes). 

Mr Bush was interpreted as 
appealing for higher prices for 
consumers and higher profits 
for oil companies. 

He resumed home to much 
criticism. Bm the main point 
of bis mission, to assure Gulf 
states of the US comnutmem : 
to Jareprog Hie Gulf open and 
containing the Iran-haQ war. 
was seen as a success.; 

Border clash 

Dhaka - Bangladesh pro- 
tested to India that its troops 
killed two Bangladesh sokfiess A 
in clashes along tire north-west * 
border. Tension was also re- 
ported on the eastern frontier 
(Ahmed Fazi writes! 

Seamen strike 

Hamburg (Reuterl — West 
German merchant seamen be-' 
gan an indefinite strike for 
better pay and conditions m 
the first such stoppage by 
German sailors for 90 years. 

Officer jafled 

Kuwait (Reuter) -An army 
major was jaded for 10 years 
in Kuwait for inciting' the 
overthrow of the Government IP 

and defaming the Emir, 
Sheikh Jaber alrAhmed ai- 
Sabafa. ' • 

Rogue buffalo 

Nairobi <AP) — A rogue 
buffalo trampled an Italian 
farmer to dcath.pear Kenya’s 
Lake Naivasha. Bruno Villa, 
aged 62, died when he tried to 
shoot tire beast, which has 
terrorize d lakeside residuals. 

Lisbon (Reuter) At least 
18 people drowned when a 
canoe Any on (fair River 
Caches canary in Guinea 
Bissau capsized and sank, « 

Portuguese radio reported. m 

Ominous fires 

Karlsruhe (Renter) '-- Two 
-textile ■ warehouses in' 
Duweisbeim owned by re 
West German Jewish leader,; 

Herr Werner Nadunann, were, 
destroyed fay fire. Police have . 
not ruled out arson. 


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* * fr it * 



White House 

on Contras 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

Investigators have been ask- 
ing backers of the Contras 
about repons of arms ship- 
ments in March 1985 from 
Fort Lauderdale. Florida, to 
rebels based in Costa Rica on 
a charier flight through a 
Salvadorean Air Force base. 

One supporter of the rebels. 
Mr Steven Carr, has said that 
he accompanied the supplies 
zo El Salvador. He and lour 
others were arrested more 
than a year ago by Costa Rican 
official’s and remain in prison 
on charges of violating Costa 
Rican neutrality. 

There have been previous 
allegations, but no charges 
brought, that in 1984 weapons 
were diverted to the rebels 
from two Alabama National 
Guard armouries. 

News of the FBI inquiry 
comes at a critical time in 
President Reagan's attempt to 
persuade Congress to provide 
SI 00 million (£67.5 million) 
of assistance, S75 million for 
military purposes, to the 

The debate in the House of 
Representatives is scheduled 
for tomorrow and Wed- 

To the Reagan Adminis- 
tration’s intense embarrass- 
ment. the FBI is investigating 
whether the Nicaraguan Con- 
tras have engaged in gun- 
running and drug-trafficking. 

The allegations have long 
been rejected by the White 
House. The inquiries spanned 
at least seven states as well as 
Central America. 

In particular, the FBI is 
trying to establish whether the 
rebels have violated the Neu- 
trality Act. which makes it a 
crime to initiate or organize 
on American soil military 
attacks against a country with 
which the US is noz at war. 

The inquiry centres on pos- 
sible illegal arms shipments 
from New Orleans and south- 
ern Florida to rebels based in 
Honduras and Costa Rica, 
according to federal authori- 
ties and supporters of rebels 
questioned by the FBI. 

The FBI is also investigat- 
ing whether cocaine has been 
smuggled into the US to help 
finance the war, which has 
been flagging since American 
funding was cut off by Con- 
gress in mid- 1984. 

■**»*■ '** 

‘Mr Asia* network leaves trail of corpses 

Drugs feed corruption of a nation 

n n. , *T- 

James Bazley, on trial for murder of anti-drugs campaigner. 

The significance of* current 
murder trial in the Supreme 
Court Id Melbourne goes be- 
yond the fact that ft is yet 
another grisly chapter in the 
story of the “Mr Asia" drag 
syndicate, a ricioos and bloody 
network which left the corpses 
of at least seven of its princi- 
pals scattered over Britain and 

The case against James 
Bazley, who is aged 60, grey- 
haired and looks quite unlike a 
professional killer, lies at the 
heart of Australia's grim 
awak&uBg to organized crime. 

For Bazley is accused of the 
murder of Mr William Donald 
Mackay, the politician and 
anti-drag campaigner whose 
murder In 1977 finally brought 
home to many Australians 
that corruption and disease 
bad jabot a profound hold in 
the body of the nation. 

The Mr Asia investi g ation 
disclosed an ugly, macabre 
saga populated with charac- 
ters tike Mackay, whose ef- 
forts to eradicate a huge drag 
network run by a Calabrian 
“family” ha the fanning towa 
of Griffith, New South Wales, 
cost him his life: and like 
Terrence Clark, alias Alexan- 
der Sinclair, a malign figure 
responsible for a number of 
mutilations and murders. He 
died in Parkhorst Jail in 1983 , 
apparently of a heart attack, 
while serving a life sentence. 

The affair, though it alerted 
Australia to the evil in its 
midst, might have' had a less 

Fro® Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

desirable effect too — creating 
a «nfo t?h«n impression of a 
welcome b reakthr ough Is law 

The reality is that, for from 
having been turned, th e tide of 
organized crime is, according 
to authorities on the subject, 
still rising. . __ 

Mr Justice Athol Meffitt, a 

fee of cannabis — which have 

SSTlS tels of 

criminal oporatims. 

Qesriv the foci that 
drng industry in itself 
seats so scute a penl to ithe 
nation is what gives the g ot 
against it such wgeney. 
whether there isjfJ 
political commitment for tne 


distingmsMed jnoge woo neau- mBin _ 

against James ed the first of five commissioM Mr . thflt federal 

— of inquiry into crime, says: It ■ tains qziite u. K 

is dear to everyone who has and state governments 

lacked fee courage sori to 

face the issue, and that toe 
power of politicians to inter- 
fere with investigations by./ w 
example, the National Crime 


ly hundreds erf recommenda- 
tions made by * successive 
judicial inquiries, no more 
than a handful have been 
implemented. Perhaps only 
one - authorized phone tap- 
ping in drag investigations - 
has had any significant 

While Mr Justice Muffin 
was the first to warn of the 
very great danger to Australia 
from sophisticated, clever and 
immensely wealthy cri m i nal 1 * 
— many of whom are known to 
the authorities — the most 
exhaustive inquiry into their 
activities was conducted by Mr 
Frank Costigan, a Melbourne 

The Costigan Report was 
tabled In 1984 after an investi- 
gation which took four years, 
cost more than £6 naUhm, and 
resulted in the laying of more 
than 600 charges. 

But his main contention, 
that “the Australian public is 
prepared to accept quite harsh 
legislation from governments 
showing a determination to 
combat the (drug) industry," 
was never tested. 

His main recommendation, 
for an alKont war on drug 

Crime in 


studied the matter closely that 
organized crime is es c al at i ng 
and becoming more and more 
entrenched in Australia every 
year. The demise by its owtt 
hand of the Mr Asia Syndi- 
cate, wfakfa on one estimate 
composed but one-fiftieth of 
the smuggling trade, does not 
stand against the conclusion." 

Mr Bob Bottom, an inde- 
pendent researcher and advis- 
er, estimates that the annual 
t urn over of organized crime in 
Australia has reached between 
£5 and £6 bQlion, a higher per 
capita ratio than that of the 
United States. Tradition al ar - 
eas of activity such as prostitu- 
tiou, illegal betting and 
protection, are still important, 
but more and more it is drags 
— heroin, cocaine, and variet- 



Average monthly income 


Average monthly income 


Average monthly income 

£ 2,000 

£ 20 





£ 3,000 

£ 30 





£ 4,000 

£ 40 





£ 5,000 

£ 50 





£ 6,000 

£ 60 





£ 7,000 

£ 70 





£ 8,000 

£ 80 





‘ £ 9,000 

£ 90 



You can hold any amount from £2,000 up 
to £50,000 in multiples of £1,000. Each 





£1,000 oflncome Bonds produces an 
average of £10 a month - £120 a year. 

As you can see, an investment in National Savings 
Income Bonds can make a lot of difference to your income. 
Currently you’ll get 12% pa interest on your Income Bonds. 
You’ll get it paid monthly. And you’ll get it in full, because we 
don’t deduct tax. 

Enjo y life With A Monthly Income. The interest is 
sent direct to your home or your bank on the 5 th of each month. 

It means some extra money coming in regularly to help 
pay the bills or simply to spend enjoying life. 

Your Savings Are Never Touched. Your capital is 
completely safe - the cash you put in is the cash yoifll get back. 
The rate paid may change from time to time, to keep it 

. Interest is calculated on a day-to-day basis and is subject 
to tax if you are a taxpayer 

Getting Your Money Out. You need give only 3 months^ 
notice to have any Bond repaid And there will be no loss of | 
interest if you’ve held your Bond for a year or more, (For details 
of repayment, see paragraph 6 of the prospectus below.) 

Invest here and now. You can be sure your investment 
will always provide a worthwhile income - month in, month 
out All you have to do is complete the coupon and send it 
with your cheque (payable to ‘National Savings’) to NSIB, 
Bonds and Stock Office,Blackpool, Lancs. FY3 9YP.Oraskfor 
an application form at your Post Office. It’s probably the most 
enjoyable investment you’ll ever make. 



To NSIB, Bonds and Stock Office Blackpool, Lancs FY3 9YP 


WVe accept tn? terms of the Prospectus 
lv and apply for a Bond to the xalue of- £ 






Initial mimmum of £2,000 
and multiples of £1,000 
to a maximum of £50.000 


FuB Ctimtian namflisj or forename! j> 




Day Month 'fear 

Name of truss 

Date of Birth 
{ewwtwlrf Undsr7) 

Name . ■ . — 


- I 

DIVIDENDS Tv 3E ^AiD Sr C»EDiT TO • nfsioi u, a Atonal 
nam? arca-sesi .‘s*iw utleyi iwrsius 'Jwktoe se°ii 

Ear* 5c Cede -n srv i» nq- 
tend »E8 iWW V63JBU 






— ( 

PROSPECTUS 1 0ctober 1984 

:? •»<■«■« u"’il lu"nf» „c*>:e :y r«ti.yyt Sd.-.raK income 


? rr* ■ja.p — m yn vkup*v •‘HuMM-ae'ite Na'.e* Jlrjo-Ai 1968 

Tr», ve '»W. r 'H.: r.V' "WW inC wtilfr : la Ihe 
10 rn* F^di<i-v9< Sit:, tejAlr >:• i"e '■me W>te <«* 

<r « dCCMWe Tn, crm. ip*. af.ra.nv w-y-ite Sinih* u be 
i :-*■ 3 » ■* —•* -jrtd 


l '■ iiw, - Vj -^i , i'*TSjm''''i'i'3urcrwe niy OQQi w* wr ■ a Sate -m, be 

vj c-wi^d COO i- a -rtf oi* IW 4u r-. •- iirf be or me 

bmfC>dGfH4>an ’ r 6 M!e 5‘ Kt I" W’f 3»>t 

7*!r>«-v-.:nr:e .v:~ t i'i''eSon<Jijra&iS.>C l «',* 

j x> r/*t 

?< An n^;rami';»:.fitaitae4nnqlnroa'ec , rBi* , t h «e.ftiua*-,vttd-''eipefl 


A t r.; wvv fj,, nca f-mr lately O' 1 * 1 " a"* wno" l«> !ten 

£2 5 C.jOr rrer? -4'’£j*.' Ci0:3‘a<Ji'-CttBe^l,.'->«*''-O , 'O-'« WiM5«iV«eri«'l 

ry *iia« •, 3irr-..”0a mdii-jn t rjr.r«mn(jre d-'/'n Cv i x 
w«-> •'V V.nii r«J -n >"jsj count ia**r« the M*^ned 

K J bereivx, 1 W.3» nedmq 

t ’ '•? treow, mi. WPY me -ijomjm am nwwnum rvy~m} imp, orsj ine 

— — j-1 '.fw';an?vvs f*JT , ft. , ne«or«i*^onc;. "'5 -0f» ce HO IP* ion 

w'l cres^' * ngr; JW • rv c.-aipeo U> *'■&<• M O, i9o«3te*Oe« nnmwMMIy 
t«‘:« m *r a'*n n -eiLW of a &ind men neJ rwr, 


5 : ’~.wa «.!• se Jc-jtii-c » 4a, n nw &m*ronr tnecaie J twtfwx « a 
»a:e or e—. "id it 'te : Tv *mwy i«e*) 

:2 irie««» <^i c* totdfte v- me 3;n •in e* «jnm T>e Drwry or 
Vnr^-, -w/ M,rrer.:* jf ai.c'uKl , n:«^f5 , c OT1 *v. | 5* *»*■« re«e3 rfi* Sana 

;'vi «-«! 0 t'aer‘n , SmeO»'«Olpur':n.»irliHnen*i:inier«J 

me fT-o jl mol xr*>i 

5 3’* yiiKafw r*?SwS 'oi 3t 'Hr./r’rfoa/’XfiB* 6 

!VN , - , .“'i'.*»a.SeC-»*-«iC«I(ilmf jJUfMUW 

w.M a«v;TC •'Tfreww-w! 5nTfB*naonano( 

, — . Z a <3 >r-»f reai,-i ** \ o«*6t5Wf V.m I 3 frecwil 

'•Mime-: r ijf £ ^ oiiimeiftl 

a.*.r--’ •■■r' cw.q -jflj •»*:«' ■-.■ec».*ry-;*Te meonvaim nvn imeiW 
M,” v: »i' ;,OMWr: 'r" ^ 

$3 *-- Vylu i na, ••err.’ n> r r,^i w r, 

% n *n# rrirt m :.r> 13 me «■.- me iMr-a'l o’ t n 1 3*ies V- 

.m» y. m; voe r-i - sc naoing'm.ti 

sec n mV t r • *"• kz»< .rwicn *,.i .re", :: . dote 

M’yt"-: .C <y.'V' b rr* ec-nany se* ;-5 H. .n aDCl'CO'O'’ 

S 0 -- 4 sO-e wywemsc • 1 !*v '■•** ftv ~A * — '"■c' w*?* w v*»i®r 

ay >■ r. v -*>•. z* k *3 a '-a: ;j\* -s; 3*- ■ *:< ?w»' n me 


a ’ vtw -:-.; ,, eeManWn .' '- r af | n '.: r , eC *» auto oiuOiect 

PC - ul : c* '"-.J CK "■ •‘■•J- ;* a ;<-* •v^tsiiemwij 


61 ABantfiQlMrnioyoblanrq^wnwarjiBcidetpi m t f eeere tte ngiBnupan 
e«mg ion^xM, morrrtTi' rxXK, Hie lord <^1 com miofCM m the TVmw ,Me 
nron tie Ane at gwheie <4> U rne neper^ne dole Mrheee repovnwnt fe*i cm ac 
aTiet me tint entnevy or purowe M<creme retwyniera cMie Ub bafcvethe 
l« omrwwrwrv ol ouKhose Die Band -Ml eom mieieKit Mf me TVesjuy rourtrom 
me dote a> pioctioM uo 10 the teMinient dote 

6 J«ti« e on owcottm r» i'KMvm* | ifofiBond ■* m»o* alter metteoitirf the«*i 
*01 e»n ««K 41 me Veawry rjr* iwm the dote ef puchose low the dm at 
refMvmefU. urhellwr at not rcoovment ocun before the hr* amwecsdiy 9t the 


6 3 Srr, otnheition by iswm, e> < Bond must be mi*, in oi«m re the tenth 
onel iioei 0*tKft BUAaoai end Mmwna By wmMirei iwtiftui# The 

penoo e,r no»-:e5.wm by meBontfhCJeer Midi becJuAWd h«mi)iediieonM*i«icr» 

me oopiKXian n retained *1 me Bonds *na Stock Ortc* 

64 AnoViro- nuy be ma*. i<y 'ece^nem at wt of j Bond m an amoure 6l 
t'wlflj multiple 0 < mil sum prootsed rnatlhehot^teolKyndsrerriaimnoatier 
me 0 «t 'W 1 W Vf»ss^<4» *Hnm th* owwnutn dm eteQHd by 
ewodropnaiMi^iifd'wihmf tanmtunei|rpaiagMi)ha2 Yheoreortmgiub- 
p**jroOM«iiocy7 wm» pen Bond mamrnanigtdonbe 

wui n*#ihs Mmeweoi ounflaw ate ihaumeirmestUintfumaoPiKaote 

to rn. or ynjr Brptl imnH<**r**v pr>or 10 'flfii^neni 


7ire w ^iMwvabte<hrwtoit,ttbo n oi5 lW ^Bjrt (XO m W b*nl*oartor 

b. coiseo UWMH! sent by ooti Ca&u> iv* oe tewyoWr *»a to * Material 
So,>tei Bonk occount or by oouecl ««)nani tent by pan. 


8 AB>rgh»Wbya'"r^ljndrma > yat > avenyBIB > B<tH»iOMyO>fflmayiWh 
or^oiT)eTDe^3n.«*noiber T1 Mvibte.*«jepi«<nh9ieteynnirtmeDo*aace 


9 3onaiw* not M transferable mew ^i^wnsentoftheteetiicsfoISjinftoi 
Ti«tste» of a Bond TOarr or a Bona wriionty EwdlkMMi monaiteunt of £1,000 V 
muint»e ce moMum and *4 nor anewed >1 the hokJinq o* tne tran^a«w or 
|romrt,nriMuU thereby bedutwtethehoiOnw<«nb>ms05MbypiU9'ai3h4 1# 
ear«frcrn-.iimetaMn*iinde'EW»5yaona imeCUrectorof^rngtAUInomiitty • 
emt coniant m tne c«e c>. tv «K^.de*t*iU 0 " o> Bern* on theawtr.ota 
h 0 Kle> w not ta any pnpvseo tr^mtr When a by way ol ute or to any 


to rtetrea^*ni7w are rvM-ceresuwJ under praff aqh4J 5a 55vllotihe 

prrwut mttetrmovttonojrqrratefteiraHCaaeBwv'rtanvatief mamer 
r nun, nn, ii[ H nonce<v}<.<motr>tTv«teman miheOaKnes -t ^matuonai 
is 'eoionaciv ac.vVf mereohet be nKeroeq « them 

U Each &3namay»h*ld agwa«i**l , '^d»neaofiOyMntwi"mef«j 

i"*w dam ahe* ite date ol eunmaie itwate'. «*««i w4 continue to be 
MvatfftundermetemBiijineofauMriiuiunftUneieiJempiflnoimeBond The 
Sonet arftwnreenrn^jai pa, en»w,at:tvate<ittni<5i*vjiiw»aite'a(s«nccaon 

tin* her *iermefcaieut»niheqi*ingof jumonms tec c* toy 

tte 4«M>A T n*Oreitvol5**^i wi**i*iatheBo^KWe'b*lcre<fde«t«ion. 
at me m* address lv h*s BomfhVtMg. momvigitrm o* meoaie or the 

"0X40 t>T the treiSley 

K»r an uu-uui wb um# _r 

trafficking involving the estaV non of positively hindering ithe 
fishmeni of a taxation i&vesti- fight against organized crime, 

- - - - “ I * “ 

gathm tribunal which would 
turn up the vast amounts of 
money generated not just by 
drugs but organized crime 
generally, was ignored by 

The establishment view is 


Mr Frank Costigan: urged 
all-out war on trafficking. 

Nkomo criticism puts 
unity ideal at risk 

From JanRaath, Harare 

An attack on the Govern- 
ment by Mr Joshua Nkomo, 
the leader of Zapu, Zim- 
babwe’s opposition party, is 
expected to endanger his 
chances of uniting with the 
ruling Zanu (PF) party. - 

Speaking on Saturday at the 
graveside of Mr Lookout 
Masuku, the Zapu guerrilla 
commander in Zimbabwe's 
war of independence, Mr 
Nkomo indirectly compared 
the rule of Mr Robert Mugabe, 
the Prime Minister, with 
“Hitler’s fescism". 

Mr Masuku tras detained in* 
March, 1982, on allegations of 
treason. He was acquitted in 
his trial the next year, but 
immediately re-detamed. 

He died on April 3, a month 
after his detention order had 
been lifted following his trans- 
fer from prison to hospital. 

Weeping intermittently be* 
fore a crowd of 25,000 Zapu 

Sudan poll candidate 
shot dead in south 

From GUI Insk, Khartoum 


1 j 

* ? i 



i * 


l S 

li 1 

Terrence Clark: responsible 
for mutilations. 

that the mdoabted value of 
■Mr Costigan'* *rork *ras ia 
some way compromised by his 
unproven allegations linking 
Mr Kerry Packer, the media 
magnate, with organized 

crime. _ 

But both Mr Justice Moffitt 
and Mr Justice Janies 
McClelland, who conducted 
the recent Royal Commission 
into British nodear testing in 
Australia, are among legal 
authorities who have signalled 
recently that they believe Mr 
Costigan was right In advocat- 
ing drastic action. 

Mr Justice Moffitt wrote six 
months ago of the failure of 
government to grasp the nettle 

with the grim postscript :^ VV e 

are now paying the price". 

Mr Justice McClelland last 
mouth risked opprobrium 
pmnng old friends in the Labor 
Party by castigating the gov- 
ernment of New South Wales, 
where the crime problem is 
worst; for ineffectiveness. 

Mr Costigan was even more 
forthright. Last mofith be 
accused the NSW ad m hi i stra- 

declaring: “The close relation- 
ships that were forged over 
decades between people of 
political, commercial and 
criminal influence remains a 
public scandal.” 

Tomorrow; Rotten apples 

A candidate in the Sudanese 
general election has been shot 
dead by unidentified gunmen. 
Mr Joseph Kibulu, a candi- 
date for the Sudan African 
People’s Congress and a for- 
mer regional minister, was 
killed in the war-torn south. 

Although the killers are not 
known, fingers have been 
pointed at more than one 
group. The three-year war 
waged by the Sudanese 
People’s Liberation Army and 
accompanying insecurity pre- 
vented polling in 37 constitu- 
encies. Voting was reported to 
be severely restricted in sever- 
al others. 

First resuits started to be 

‘Icy vodka’ alters law 

Zeeland is on the verge of 
changing its convoluted alco- 
hol policy because a new brand 

of vodka has been too success- 
ful (Tony S&mstag writes). 

“Icy vodka,” manufactured 
according to a secret recipe, 
has sofd so well in Iceland and 
abroad that much of its blend- 
ing and bottling has had to be 
contracted out to British firms. 
The lucrative American mar- 
ket, however, is dosed to the 

,v r* 



; i 
\ ; 

. i 

t J 


Mr Justice Moffitt: govern- 
ments 'lacked courage’. 


supporters in Bulawayo, Mr 
Nkomo said Mr Masuku 
“died because of some 
people's greed for political 

In a direct attack on the 
Government, he said: “It ap- 
pears there is more commit- 
ment to oppression and 
suspicion, and the resuscita- 
tion of the politics of hate and 
greed in the country.” 

The Government is likely to 
be angered by his remarks, 
and Mr Nkomo has taken a 
serious chance with the unity 
talks which began in Septem- 
ber last year. 

• Commissar ousted; Dr Her- 
bert Ushewokunze, Zanu (PF) 
national political commissar, 
was removed from his post in 
the parly's Politburo at the 
weekend, after last week’s 
attack by him on the Karanga 
sub-group of the dominant 
Shona-sjpeakittg section of the 


VO j j 



» » .. . 

! J V 

til . _ 

• ; 'V * • * 


announced, after 12 days of 

Forecasts still put the Na- 
tional Umma Party in the lead 
to form a coalition with the 
Democratic Unionist Party 
after what were the country’s 
fust free elections for 18 years. 

Parliamentary seats total 
301, including 28 “graduate 
seats” . The tradition of extra 
votes for those with further or 
higher education-dates back to 
pre-independence, anti-colo- 
nial movements. Today it also 
reflects the cr ucial role of the 
professional in last April's 
uprising which overthrew ex- 
President Nimeiiy. 


Icelandic entrepreneurs be- 
cause US law forbids describ- 
ing a product as “Icelandic”# 
it is not wholly produced there. 

■ Iceland's laws are there- 
fore to be changed to break the 
Government monopoly and al- 
low certain private, individuals 
and firms to join in ~tbe 
national marketing effort pro- 
vided the bottles are produced 
only for export or for sale to 
Government off-licences., . 





united front to break 
the ‘shackles of slavery’ 

Amritsar (AFP) — The Sfl* 
Golden Tempk here, ringed by 
police and paramilitary troops, 
echoed with cries of “Sikhs wfli 
rule” yesterday as 
appealed to Muslims, Chris- 
tians and Buddhists to u nite* 
the Hindu-led Indian 

The crucial sarbat khalsa 
(religious assembly) called by 
the militants urged “all Sikhs 
to arm themselves and be 
.ready to fight to break the 
s ha ckl es of slavery imposed 
on us by the Hindus” Young 
Sikhs, with, swords drawn, 
raised their hands in support. 
Contrary to best expectations, 
only between 3,000 and 5,000 

A gurmata (Cod’s edict) 
adopted by the congregation 
called on India's minorities to 
form a national organization 

to fight the federal. 

Gurbachan Singh 

Manucbal, wanted by police 
for various “terrorist crimes”, 
read out the edict. 

. Paramilitary troops, with 
order* to shoot troublemak- 
ers. seated off Amritsar. About 
2,100 federal troops were sta- 
tioned around the shrine yes- 
terday, backed by 1,000 
Punjab policemen. 

But the lop Sikh militant 
leadership was here on a 
makeshift dais in front of their 
religion’s highest seat, the 
Akal Takht, damaged in the 
June 1 984 troop assault on the 
temple. • 

In what observers saw as a 
sign of desperation to spread 
the floundering Sikh autono- 
my campaign, the edict called 
on the UN to set up a 

NurembergJtype trial of Mr 
Rajiv Gandhi the P rime Min- 
ister, and his mother, Indira, 
assassinated by two Sikh 
bodyguards in October 1984. 

“Luce AdoIfHitler. Mr Gan- 
dhi and his mother have 
carried out the same oppres- 
sion against the Sikhs ... 
thousands of our brothers 
have been slaughtered.” the 
edict said in a reference to the 
Hindu backlash after Mrs 
Gandhi’s killing which saw 
about 3,000 Sikhs murdered. 

• Mass rally: The Punjab 
Chief Minister, Suijh Singh 
Baruafa, told a mass rally that 
terrorists did not have any 
religion (AP reports). He said 
Sikhs could sacrifice their 
lives against oppression but 
could never kill an innocent 

Lange rejects agents’ early release 

Mr David Lange, the New 
Zealand Prime Minister, yes- 
terday ruled out the ear ly 
release of two French agents 
jailed for bombing 'Rainbow 
Warrior, the Greenpeace, flag- 

Speaking on a domestic 

reject any political solution for 
their freedom. 

He said negotiations were 
under way on normalizing 
relations with France and on 
the possible release of the two 
prisoners to a third country in. 
the distant future. 

. But New Zealand would 
never release the agents to 

Farmers of China 
are given priority 

Peking (AP) - Changes to 
emphasize fa™ protraction 
and the tasks of inteUeetnals 
were made in the animal report 
by Mr Zhao Ziyang, the Prime 
Minister, to the National 
People’s Congress, the final 
version of which was released 

Mr Zhao delivered the draft 
of the report on the coun&y’s 
five-year plan for 1986-1990 
on Match 25 at the opening 
session of the congress. . 

Nothing appeared to have 
been deleted in the final 
version, released by the offi- 
cial New China news agency, 
but lengthy sections on agri- 
culture and Intellectuals, »™t 
brief statements about evoca- 
tion and guaranteeing the 
decision-making powers of en- 
terprises, were added. .. • 

New China said the changes " 
were made at the suggestion of 
congress deputies, who com- 
plained during the session that 
not enough emphasis had been 
placed on farming. . 

’The continued flourishing 
of agriculture, the found a tion 
of our national economy, is one 
of the important strategies in 
onr new programme of 
mottenuzation” the final re- 
port said. “Therefore, we 
should step up gram produc- 
tion so that it will pow 

The report said arable land 
has been arbitrarily used for 
non-agricaltora! purposes and 
some peasants had become 
less enthusiastic about grain 

The report advocated push- 
mg forward rural _ reforms, 
concentrating on improving 
agricultural science ami tech- 
nology, and encouraging large 

numbers of scientific and tech- 
nological workers to go to the 
countryside to help rural 

China’s grain harvest de- 
clined last year by 7 per omit, 
its first fall fa several years. 
The Government attributed 
the decline to natural disas- 
ters, a reduction in acreage 

devoted to grab and a trend 
among farmers to leave grain 
production for mure lucrative 
cash crops or rural industry 

The Government said it had 
enough surpluses from previ- 
ous years to feed everyone. 

However, the decline was 
•sensitive because previous 
large drops fa gram production 
meant starvation and because 
the party leader, Mr D 
Xiaoping has abandoned Mao 
Tse-tung's emphasis on grab 
to stress a more d i v ersifie d 
rural economy. • 

The report’s new section on 
intdlectnals said the next five 
years woedd see progress in 
literature^ art, the press, publi- 
cations, the cinema, broad- 
casting and television as well 
.as museums; 7 fihraries and 
cultural centres. 

‘ hteDednah should *• help 
people * E woic heart and ml" 
.far modernization, and apply 
the basic theories of Marxism 

fa exploring and solving prob- 
lems that have cropped up 
under the reforms. 

The final report also said 
China should establish a sys- 
tem fin' offering advanced 
studies to sdeutinc and tech- 
nological waiters and upgrade 
its education course content 
and teachers. 

Art, literature, the. theatre, 
films, the press and other 
media are tightly controlled fa 
China, and the Government 
has said peopfein those fields 
should serve socialism with 
their work. 

‘ In tiie wake of student 
protests last autumn against 
corruption in China and 
against Japanese economic 
strength, the Government gave 
warning against intellectuals 
starting new independent po- 
litical movements. 

Mr Zhao’s report said eco- 
nomic growth would be slower 
b tire next five years titan 
between 1981 and 1985, and 
the economic reforms must 
move forward, but cautiously, 
to avoifj serious mistakes. 

to sue over 
JAL crash 

From David Watts 

A group of relatives of 
victims of the world's worst 
single-aircraft disaster have 
filed suit in the Toky o rhstnet 
court against Japan Afrtmes 
(JALk the Transport Ministry 
and Boeing. 

Those joining in the pit 
comprise about40 per cent .of 
the families affected by the 
deaths of 520 people in the 
crash. They are backed by 
written complaints from 
supporters and accuse omciais 
of professional negligence re- 
sulting in death and fajury- 

They claim that JALs 
maintenance system, which 
emphasized economic effi- 
ciency, overlooked inadequate 
Boeing repairs io thejmeratt 
after its heavy landing at 
oSa fn 1978T They blame 
the Transport Ministry tor 
allowing a defective pwaftto 
fly and for inadequate super- 
vision ofJAL's maintenance. 

The croup, known as 8-lf 

August .. 
e JAL officiate; 
ifficrab, includ- 
r minister, Mr 

ihita: and the 

i president of 

jaims that the 

■t out of control 

pressure bulk- 
J due to 

Dhaka bus 
bomb kills 

Dhaka — One person was 
killed and about 1 00 others 
injured b bloody clashes be- 
tween rival transport workers 
as most public buses were kept 
off the streets here for the 
third day yesterday, police 
said (Ahmed Bod writes). 

More than 20 peojde were 
-arrested as ■ bombs were 
thrown by picketing transport 
workers on Saturday at buses 
defying a strike. call over a 
municipal decision to move 
the central bus station: 

Police said that a passenger 
was killed when a bomb 
exploded b a bus b northern 

Family sails 
world b a 
concrete yacht 

Garnagori. Japan (Reuter) 
— An AngkfcJapanese family, 
which had its heart set on 
ga iling around the world m a 
home-made concrete yacht, 
completed the voyage yester- 
day - nearly five years after 
setting off 

About 20 yachts and 2.000 
people welcomed tire 44-ft 
yacht when it sailed into 
Camagori, near the central 
Japanese city of Nagoya. 

Mr Hiroaki Nagae, aged 38, 
former foreign ministry 
oflSriakhis British wifeJenni- 
fer, aged 37, and their damfa- 
ter Erika, aged , nine, left 
nearby Tokona me in July 

serve part of their 10-year jail 
terms in France, be said. 
“There wU be no release 
under this government. We 
have no prisoners for rale,” be 

The two were jailed last year 
for their part m mining the 
ship in Auckland harbour. 

Leading article, page 17 

Bhutto promises radical reforms 

From Michael Hamiyn 

Miss Benazir Bhutto, who 
re t urn e d from exile fa London 
fast week, arrived b the little 
industrial town of Gqfranwala 
at 3 mm yesterday to find an 
enthusiastic, though slightly 
rain-dampened crowd waiting 
for her, despite the fact that 
she was almost 12 hoars late. 

She had taken 33 boos to 
travel the 42 mites from the 
Panjab capital of Lahore. 
Every step of the way was 
accompanied by cheering, 
janriwg i rp m k shouting "Za 
out Zv out”. 

Her cavalcade of cars, bus- 
es, lorries, bollock carts and 
donkeys stopped eight tunes 
along tire way fa her to 
address im prom pt u gatherings 
of industrial workers. 

She told then her father, 
the former prime minister, 
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, had been 
killed by the martial law. 
regime of General Zia ul-Haq 
because he had wanted to Cake 
over factories and hand them 
to the workers. 

She also promised to abol- 
ish taxes on farmers which 
have been introduced as a 
‘result of a reversion to tradi- 
tional Islamic policies. 

Neither remark will endear 
her to the industrialists or the 
religious leaders, bit it was 
always unlikely that she would 
have any appead for them. 

■ Mbs Bhutto aha told the 
crowd at Gqjranwala of what 
she and her party are describ- 
ing as an attempt on her life. 

“It was a murderous att- 
ack,” she said about a break- 

Miss Benazir Bhutto waving to thousands of her enthusiastic supporters in GujranwaJa. 

fa at a boose where she had 
previously held a press confer- 

The break-fa was carried 
out by former Army Major 
Abdul Qayyum, who seemed 
tobederanged- He had hired a 
taxi to lead him to the house, 
but declined to pay the driver, 
who promptly polled out a 
revolver and fired shots into 
tire air. 

The major then hammered 

on the door of the house. When 
he received no reply, be broke 
a number of windows and 
climbed in. He badly beat a 
night-watchman, before being 
overpowered by party workers. 

He had apparently visited 
London in an attempt to see 
Miss Bhutto last month, bat 
said he had been turned away. 
He regarded her, he said, as 
his wife, and wished a simple 
ceremony to put the legal seal 

on their relationship. 

The major was unarmed, 
and the ofay sinister circum- 
stance was his address book, 
which contained the names 
and telephone numbers of 
police and military intelli- 
gence officers. 

The incident is being played 
up by the party to indicate the 
fear that her successful series 
of meetings is instilling in the 

ally of 

Manila (AFP) — Thousands 
of supporters of the ousted 
President Marcos held a rally 
here yesterday and pro- 
claimed his running mate in 
the February elections, Mr 
Arturo Tolemino, aged 75. as 
ihe “duly elected” Philippines 

At least 1 5.000 people 
cheered and waved flags and 
portraits of the fallen leader 
and let loose balloons as Mr 
Toleniino. a former MP and 
Foreign Minister, got on the 
stage, independent observers 

Elsewhere. 5.000 placard- 
bearing Marcos loyalists be- 
gan massing around a sub- 
urban university where some 
members of Mr Mareos’s New 
Society Movement (KBL) 
plan to reconvene Parliament 
today in open defiance of the 
Aquino Government. 

At yesterday’s pro-Marcos 
rally, posters and streamers 
proclaiming allegiance to the 
former President were held 
aloft to drum rolls as the 
crowd chanted: “Let’s attack 
Malacanang (the presidential 

Loyalists said they would 
recognize Mr Tolentino as 
“temporary President" until 
Mr Marcos relumed from 
exile in Hawaii. Mr Tolentino 
pledged to campaign for the 
return of the constitution 

Mr Hardy compares the qualities of his tailor with 

those of his Merlin phone system 



T oull find Mr Hardy a man 
Y of considerable intellect, 
.A. impeccable taste and quite 
uncommon vision? Thus warned, 
an intrepid British Telecom 
communications consultant app- 
roached the near legendary 
Ernest Hardy .. 

consultant had written ‘Merlin 
Octara’, ‘Group Pick Up’ and 
‘Abbreviated Dialling*. Hardy 

be able to see at a glance which 
extensions are busy, I need a 
telephone conferencing system..*.’ 



“There is no doubt? began 
Hardy, “that Merlin phone 
systems from British Telecom 
are perfect for my requirements? 
The consultant nodded sagely. 
“Just as a suit is the perfect 
attire for work.” The consultant 
stopped in mid-nod.“Come? an- 
nounced Hardy, “between us 
we will tailor a Merlin system 
to our exact size and structure 
which will save time, temper 
and money by being uniquely 
fashioned to our every foible? 


Hardy came to an abrupt halt. 
“Take the sales department.** The 
consultant took a step back at such 
unprecedented pertinence. “Here? 
continued Hardy, “we need the 
phones to be grouped, so that an 
unattended phone can be answered 
from any other extension.’ 

The consultant made a note 
in his book. “We need certain 
frequently jised numbers to be 
accessed quickly and easily with 
short codes.” The consultant made 
another note. Craning over his 
shoulder. Hardy noticed that the 


* : M : <. 


. . ... i * 

vV'S-.\ .£■••; ■*: V 
■■■ .v. - 

: 'v-.'-x ;♦*>•** 

' ■ " ■■ - - ;*> 
•' » 4 '»T . 



was secretly impressed. 

A quick-witted consultant, 
like an affordable tailor, was a rare 
and valuable commodity. It was 
time to put him through his paces. 

“That phone”, ordained Hardy 
“must never receive an outside 
call, they must always go through 
this extension. And these phones 
should not have access to 
international lines’* The consultant 
scribbled ‘Call Diversion’ and 
‘Call Barring’ on his list, and 
underlined ‘Merlin Octara’. 

Hardy continued. “I need to 

The- consultant Avaited for 
Hardy to come to a halt before 
speaking. “Mr Hardy. You men- 
tioned the range of Merlin phone 
systems from British Telecom. 
I suggest that a Merlin Octara 
will accommodate your rich and 
diverse requirements’’ 

Doubtless, Mr Hardy, 
there’ll be additions for your 
system in the future”, said the 
consultant. “A Merlin Call 
Management system would 
give you all the information you 
need to make adjustments to 
your phone system to ensure 
peak performance at all times.” 

Hardy was stunned. Here 
was a man of formidable 
intellect, a certain vision and 
perhaps . . . Hardy turned to 
the consultant,“Tell me, where do 
you have your suits made?” 

Merlin is British Telecom’s exclusive brand of highly' 
compatible electronic business products and systems, 
supported by BTs outstanding service and technical back-up. 

For more information, call FREEFONE MERLIN or send 
the coupon to Victor Brand, British Telecom Merlin. 






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Phone Systems □ Call Management □ Other 

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Merlin ! 

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| * ' J flhll Perri vfll ] ad*hv a ■people whose life had HemiUiHg ] Bozza. The operas, ballets and |U 

Give your staff 



With almost every 
perk being taxed to 
the hilt, it can often 
seem the Treasury 
is determined to 
bite the hand that 
feeds it. 

Thank heavens, then, that it hasn’t sunk all its 
teeth into Luncheon Vouchers. 

For there are some very tasty tax benefits to 
be gained from using them. 

Benefits that coiild make an employee’s rise 
worth more than straight cash. 

True enough, the Chancellor still only allows 
15p a day, tax free, for lunch and that won’t feed 
a mouse. But where real savings can be made is 
that Luncheon Vouchers, like staff canteens, are 
exempt from National Insurance Contributions. 

A quick look at the figures should whet your 

When an employer spends £1 a day on a 
cash allowance for lunch, the employee will, after 
deductions, receive 56 pence. 

The same employee getting a £1 Luncheon 
Voucher is left with 75p. 35% more and at no extra 
cost to the company. 

Man Cannot Live By Bread Alone. 

With a financial argument as sound as this, 
you might well consider giving a staff rise with a 

decent sum of Luncheon Vouchers. 

Were you to give say a <£500 rise, every penny 
would be taxed at whatever PAYE rate was 

If instead you gave a £1.50 Luncheon 
Voucher for each, working day, it would cost you 
£390 a year. Yet in buying power it would be like 
you spending £520 on a rise. 

Except it would be the Government who 
were dishing out the other £130, not you. 

With 14,000 companies currently using 
Luncheon Vouchers, there’s a fair chance yours is 
one of them. 

It’s equally likely that the denominations you 
give out have remained the same for twenty years. 

Given the arguments you’ve read, perhaps 
now is the time to consider increasing their value. 
They’re available in increments from 15p up to £2. 

If you’d like to review your current arrange- 
ments or simply want more information, get your 
secretary to telephone 01-935 4424 and ask for 

Alternatively, send your business card with a 
request for details to 
the same person at 
Luncheon Vouchers 
Limited, 50 Vauxhall 
Bridge Rd, London 

The Government 


g » gg g 



V * 


In honour of the Queen’s sixtieth 
birthday next week, Alan Hamji tnn 
looks at the personal qualities of our 
monarch in the first of a three-part 
senes. We will also examine her 
working relationships and in particular 
her rapport with, the Commonwealth 


Ezabeih Alexandra Such criticisms remain, ex- 
Mary, Queen of cepi that today the show is 
the United King- known as The Palace rtatiag 
dom and 16 other an exceptionally classy soap 
*"calins, head of a 'opera wrth many of the right 

Commonwealth of characters: the sad sister, the 
49 nations. Defender of the over-ihe-top mid-European 
Faith, horse and dog breeder, cousin, the randy younger son 
mother-in-law and grand-' _and his introspective, sens- 
molber, attains pensionabTe live elder brother, the dear old 

age next Monday. Under De-- granny in the lampshade 
partment of Health and Social nocks. 

Security rules, however, she Yet any. criticism is at the 
will not Qualify for the state’s institution and occasionally at 
old-age weekly handout of its bit-part players. Critics and 
£61.30 for a married couple; satirists find Elizabeth a nolo- 
her husband does not reach 65 riousty imprecise and difficult 
until June, and besides neither target; even her monstrous 
of them are up to dale with puppet on Spitting Image is 
their National Insurance really rather endearing, and 
stamps. " . positively flattering by the 

Not that it will worry her standards of Gillray’s vicious 
unduly. Were she to sit in her caricatures of her Hanoverian 
counting house counting out ancestors, 
her money, she would be able She achieves this, at least is 
to tot up a personal fortune part, by guarding jealously the 
variously estimated at be- privacy of her private life. We 
tween £50 million and £100 - have all seen the shots of her 
million but in truth unknown, "tending the sausages at a 
probably even to herself! She Balmoral barbecue, but of 
therefore has no need of state what she really thinks and 

fS 'ami 

Sovereign smites: Princess Elizabeth by Karsh of Ottawa on her 18th birthday and (right) the Queen at the Royal Film Perfo rman ce last month 

casional palpitations about 
the exercise of her constitu- 
tional power, although any 
Name must be laid at the door 
of her advisers rather than 

aid for her private support: 
every year on Budget Day, 
V when her annual Civil List is 
announced, her spokesmen 
wearily attempt to pre-empt 
“Pay rise for Queen” head- 
lines, reminding us all yet 
again that it is many a year 

n,i ' I vi uei auviscis rawer man 

S? Si Snv^hinU an^ hcrsel£ mea Winston Chur- 
frik ^ chill feU illin 1953 she was 

frady to call upon Lord Salis- 

She never gives interviews, 
except rarely on safe topics 
like her horses, or what she 
remembered of VE Day;' she 
win n-vertalk in public about 

: Maintaining that intensely 

bury as her prime minister, a 
move which might well have 
precipitated a political crisis; 
fortunately the robust Chur- 
chill recovered She called on 
Alec Douglas-Home in 1963 
when Macmillan bowed out 

since Parliament's annualCprivate^core is; one 'of her 
grant to the Crown contained secrets For survival in the post 

asalary for the monarch. «ttich is why she is so deeply StoSedsmaSST V 
But more important than offended to find the tabloid TT* 1 ” 1 . 

that, she is one working - -terrors with-: their priapic ■ lotofAntipode-- 

woman for whom retirement lenses lurking in the bushes of “ ““ when her represen ta- 
is not really an option. The Sandringham, and why she 5. ve m ^anbena, &r John 
bugaboo of ber graceful with- . was shocked to the core — for , ■ 5? 111 C3ough Whitlam s 

drawal in favour of Charles more than sbe-ever showed in Australian Labour govern- 
surfaces with monotonous ’public — to find Michael me,a * packing, Bui her gover- 

the likes of us”, is the Queen's 
reported view of her. 

On her Canadian tour in 
1984, the local press were very 
rude about her style, calling 
her frumpy and ber dothes 
disastrous. They missed the 
point; Elizabeth's style is to 
have no style. She is still 
dressed by the houses of 
Amies and Hartnell and nev- 
er throws an outfit away. 
Buckingham Palace bulges 
with rooms . full of her 
wardrobe. : 1 _ 

One of the richest women in 
the world is also famous for 
her parsimony. One feels that, 
in hard times, she would be a 
very effective housewife. Her 
various homes are celebrated 
for their spartan one-bar elec- 
tric fires, and she herself is 
equally celebrated among her 
own circle for her obsession 
with turning off unwanted 
lights. In Sandringham and 
Balmoral it is she, not us. who 
pays the electridty bill. 

Next Monday evening! she. . 

will attend a gala performance 
at the Royai Opera House, 
Covent Garden, an institution 
which, it has been pointed out. 
costs the nation more to run 
than the Queen. But opera is 
so far down her list of recre- 
ational loves that it virtually 
falls off the bottom; she is 
happier kicking her shoes off 
and watching television. 

By doing so she merely 
mirrors the lowbrow cultural 
taste of the population at 

laigellb jwhbtn grancLoperacis- Jhrustupbnher.Tto'dou 

Kerr, sent Gough Whitlam’s 
Australian Labour govern- 
ment packing. Bui. her gover- 

negularity, and a recent poll in 
a women's magazine indicat- 
ed approximately half the; 
population in favour of her 
doing so. Yet why should she? 
Thirty-four years into her 
9 reign she is, apart from occa= 
sional sinus trouble, in excel- 
lent health and high in public 
esteem and affection 

Abdication is a word still 
calculated to send a funereal 
shiver through “the system”, 
the generic term employed by 
the Royal Family to refer to 
their ever-burgeoning clan. 
Elizabeth n is a monarch with 
the highest sense of duty, . 
instilled by her father and 
buttressed by her belief that 
his premature death at the age 
of 56 was hastened by worry 
over the wayward Edward 
who preceded him. 

She has avoided the mistake 
of her great great-grandmother 
» Victoria, who refused to let 
• Bertie look over her shoulder 
at the affairs. of state, and 
drove him to a life of shooting 
and women. Charles has been 
in his mother's confidence 
from an early age, but where is 
the urgency to put him bn the 

Elizabeth's reign has not all 

been plain sailing, and she has 

weathered storms both of style 
and of constitutional propri- 
ety. In the late 1950s Lord 
Altrincham was very neany 
lynched by his peers for ! 
suggesting in effect that she ■, 
was stuffy, boring and her- > 
metically sealed from the real j 
world. In the 1 960s monarchy | 
1 became intellectually unfasb- ] 
ionabte; John Osborne dis- < 
missed it as a splendid j 
triviality, and Malcolm < 
Muggeridge condemned it as i 
an ersatz religion. 

Fagan silting on the end of her norvgeneral act with 

er private life 
has become in- 
creasingly fill- 

m ii p iM i VM MIV vuw wa h i m ■ • ~ . ■ _ 

palace bed. ' plenipotentiary powers, and 

. " 1 ■ > ■ do not even need to consult 

her. In truth, the Australians 

H er private life would probably not have it 
has become in- any other way. 
creasingly fol- But rite crown has learned 
filled. Whether since then, and hs future 
or not she en- political footwork is likely to 
joys her job is be nimbler. Commentators 
;it6t a question die is often fret on what Elizabeth might 
likely to address to berael£ as do in the event of a hung 
in her view it is a question that parliament at rite next elec- 
does _not arise. What die lion. They need not lose too 
unquestionably enjoys to the much deep; Elizabeth corn- 
full is her otberpnncipal role missioned an extensive range 
m tife, that of grandmother* of study papers on the subject 
aunt and great-aunt to an months ago. 

ever-expanding family.' ' 

She has not always been 

Biit what of her public fat*; 
probably the most familiar in 

1986-87 1 



able to reap the pleasures of the world, endlesdy portrayed 
family life. Her two elder durough that symbiotic rela- 

children were bom at a time 
when ber life was dominated 
by fears for her father’s health. 

tionship between crown and 
media in which one needs the 
other in roughly equal mea- 


one who kept the vows of holy 
matrimony between monarch 
and nation which are the 
essence of the Coronation 
ceremony. As one who adapt- 
ed the monarchy to the times 
and maintained it proving 
that the institution still had 
some value. 

B ui above ail. one 
strongly suspects, 
Elizabeth would 
care to be written 
in history as the 
woman who pre- 
served the Commonwealth. 

It was all very well for 
Victoria, the apex of imperial 
power, to sit unseen in her 
widow's weeds at Osborne and 
rule the empire simply by 
being rather than doing But 
there is no empire now. and in 
the modem world climate the 
Commonwealth could well be 
regarded as a frail flower. 

It was a fortunate coinci- 
dence that Elizabeth ascended 
the throne in the same year as 
the world’s first scheduled jet 
airliner service. She believes 
in the Commonwealth fer- 
vently, but she also believes 
that its titular head must be 
seen to the greatest possible 
degree in its member states, 
and only jet travel has made 
that possible. She is careful of 
her politics, but caring of this 
curious grouping thai encom- 
passes a quarter of the earth. 
She was livid with Reagan for 
invading Grenada; it was as 
though a member of her 
family had been defiled. In 
many ways she is the 

But her travels extend far 
beyond the old pink bits of the 
map. In October this extraor- 
dinary ambassador, perhaps 
the best that Britain ever had. 
is due to set foot in the 
Forbidden City of Peking. 
One prize remains, and may 
yet come; to go walkabout in 
Red Square. 

Such thoughts will not trou- 
ble her much on her birthday; 
she will be more concerned 
that the day's events set to 
mark this arbitrary milestone 
will prevent her from enjoying 
her traditional birthday treat - 
flying up to Sandringham to 
admire her horses. 

More to the point what 
mother does not enjoy a 
wedding to look forward to? 


All the Queen’s 
men — the role of 
the royal advisers 

an elitist pursuit In all she 
does, except where occasions 
of state .demand it .she es- . 
chews novelty, lavishness and 
glitz. Horse-breeding, hardly a 
common hobby among ihe 
masses, is permitted; the Brit- 
ish love animals, -and -the 
masses do after all have a 
strong vested interest in the 
sport. - 

How would Elizabeth like 
history to remember her? As 
one who fulfilled the high duty 

and. in their early years ber sure? Why do we so approve 
attention was diverted by the of this remote, aristocratic 

new burden of the throne, ft 
explains the ten-year gap be- 
tween her first and second 
families; she was able to enjoy 

woman whose life bears little 
relation to that of any of her 

Perhaps because, at the core 

far more the early years of of ber position, wealth, glam- 
Andrew and Edward, and our and privilege, she still 

■Jy age, but where is even now she appears to enjoy manages to convey an essen- 
f to put him bn the a closer and more . natural tial ordinariness. It is a talent 
bond with her younger two. brought to the House of 
i's reign has not all It has been noticeable, too, Windsor by .George ' V, who 
sailing, and she has that in times of family crisis, was so ordinary as to be, in 
norms both of style such as her aster’s divorce, some eyes, monumentally 
istirotional propri- Elizabeth has taken., great doll. “I am just an ordinary 
; late 1950s Lord rains to cast the cloak of fellow”, he remarked in some 
was very nearly family affection around all puzzlement when vast crowds 
y his peers for parties involved. Her daugh- tamed out to cheer him at his 
in effect that she' ier Anne may be closer in- 1 935 jubilee. 

boring and ber- spirit and temperament io her Elizabeth is not dull but she 
aled from the real father than' her mother, but is shy and awkward, which 
te 1960s monarchy her boisterous child- Peter makes her trusted. It is one 
ellectualiy unfasb- Phillips, the highest, common- reason why Princess Michael 
ihn Osborne dis- er in the land at number five of Kent has had such difficulty 
as a splendid in line of succession, is un- in being accepted as a member 
and Malcolm doubtedly the Queen's of “the firm”; brashness and 
condemned it as favourite grandchild * . ' pushiness are the wrong recipe 
tirion She has also weathered oc- for success. “Far too grand for. 

tC —37— 

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. .A - • •• 4 • . 

ieen flanked by (from left) 
prince Andrew 


-j; — — - • — v I’aaran^-iiuawaw 

John Peraval ed by a people whose life had 

Sarah Hemming \ Bozza. Tbeoperas, ballets 

- 14 




off to a 

A hi-tech tabloid 

newspaper is under 

starter’s orders for 

launch in two days 

time — and is tipped 

to start a racetrack 

circulation battle 

6 Our writing must be intelligible 
to a much wider audience 9 

introductory oaths to raring jour- Printing wflltje done 
naiism. the ' Ttmefom and Race- H3L Sussex. Jv.lbeSogh.uudn 

form racing manuals or. the PA 
Raring News Service. Only the 

keenest survive that. 

They are trying not to look too 
raw* like 2 raring paper. One of 
Graham Rock's key words is 
-accessible 1 '. “We have to hdp 
open up raring to a wider audi- 
ence. Whai we write should be 
imetfigibfe to anyone.” Thera will 
be two pages of general non-racing 
sport. Rock brought in a designer 
who was not a racing man and 
asked him to start afresh with all 
the traditional (actual slabs of 
information, the race cards, results 
and lists of form. ... 

Warrington for the North .and 
Ireland. The finished pages will be 
transmitted in facsimile over the 
wire to the priming centres from 
Ravnes Part- But as only one ot 
the fax machines has armed iwy 
win have to Prty on old-fashioned 
motor cycle couriers w get the 
twps to 'Burgess Hill at the start. 

sometimes fed nervous 
about being 25 mites from Fleet 
Street". Howaid Wright, the assis- 
tant editor, says. "Things often go 
missing iatirebeaiofthrmomem 
in newspaper offices. If someone 
lost the Press Association's over- 

S ■ 

R ock is also, discouraging 
one of the most charac- 
teristic features of raring 
journalism, the apparent 
dread of mentioning a horse's 
name more than once in a piece. 
No more will we be able to savour 
the desperate procession of syn- 
onyms tripping down the . page: 
“the Irish visitor. . . the Entiymi- 
on colt. . . the Gold Cup runner- 



• ■* .V’-tW#'-'.; 

.. ■■ >3WW? e5;t.?T! ' l‘ 

J ockey CJub brigadiers are 
going to be in for a shock 
when a new racing paper, 
the Racing Post , hits the 
streets on Wednesday. The style of 
the paper says that ranks, beloved 
of the racing fraternity, will not be 
printed unless they belong to 
serving officers. 

The new contender in the daily 
newspaper high technology stakes 
(by Eddy Shah out of Murdoch) 
goes on sale all over Britain and 
Ireland, on Wednesday provided 
it has chased the bugs out of the 
computers. The paper has already 
had one false start. 

The Racing Post is a newspaper 
dedicated to what its editor calls 
"the Grand Opera of the open 
air". The Turf, in other words. 
This journalistic niche has. since 
the demise of the late lamented 
Sporting Chronicle, been monopo- 
lized by The Sporting Life, a hard- 
pressed member of the Maxwell 
stable. The Life, as it is fondly 
called, has become accustomed to 
reigning over racing much as the 
Financial Times presides over the 
Stock Exchange (but without the 

same profit). The signs are that the 
racing world is now to be mesmer- 
ized by a contest between the old- 
style broadsheet and the upstart 
new tabloid. In anticipation of the 
“off The Sporting Life has al- 
ready dropped its price from 40p 
to 2Sp, the same as the Racing 

There was a time when the Life 
and the Sporting Chronicle shared 
150.000 racing readers between 
them. Better racing pages in the 
popular press and the habit of 
pinning the racing papers on the 
wall of betting shops to make life 
easy for the punters changed all 
that. The newcomer will be happy 
to break even at 40.000 by the end 
of its second year. 

Like so much else in British 
racing today, the Post is owned by 
.Arab money. The Maktoum 
brothers, leading owners and 
breeders, have provided around 
£3 million to get the paper started 
which is less than they' have been 
known to bid for a yearling at the 
Keene land sales in' Kentucky. It 
was the racing journalist and 
television commentator Brough 

Scott who suggested the idea of a 
new technology racing paper to 
Sheikh Mohamed, the senior of 
the Maktoum brothers, at a meet- 
ing in Dubai. 

"They wanted to put something 
back into British raring", says 
Scott, now a director on a board 
that includes the doyen of the 
racetrack pressrooms, Peter 
O'Sullevan. "But 1 hope”, Scott 
says, "that nobody will imagine 
that we are the Maktoums' 

With notable illustrious excep- 
tions, racing journalism has al- 
ways had a style which, if not 
exactly seedy, is not quite Royal 
Enclosure either. The image is of a 
bunch of hard-living, unceremoni- 
ous types talking out of the sides of 
their mouths. Insurance compa- 
nies shun them. 

A visit to the Racing Post is, 
therefore, a surprise. It looks as 
though it is an insurance compa- 
ny. They have taken on a newly- 
built three-storey, red-bride office 
in south suburban Raynes Park, 
fitting it out with matching light 
oak desk work. Even the chief 

tipster, an Oxford law graduate, is 

i cially known as the Informa- 
tion Editor. Hidden from sight are 
the handicap experts, pure math- 
maticians who work in solitude at 

T he Editor, Graham (The 
Rock) Rock, was reared in 
the looser disciplines of 
psychology and sociology 
at Durham. But be claims he spent 
more time studying form than 
Freud. On the Sporting Chronicle 
he was "Kettledrum’’ (in raring 
journalism pseudonyms still pre- 
serve the traditional belief that 
gentlemen should not be seen to 
be lipping horses). 

At the Chronicle’s demise he 
went to Hong Kong as a paid staff 
member of the Hong Kong race- 
track. eventually becoming the 
official hand i capper. The huge 
sums of money involved in Hong 
Kong racing encourage partici- 
pants to, as he puts it, “make 
serious attempts to arrange the 
results". The Chinese press called 
him "the iron fist", which pleased 

“] got a call from Brough and 
flew home for a 48-hour meeting. I 
said I'd take the job provided I 
could pick my team and be an 
independent editor." What he 
meant by that was that he didn't 
want any calls from Sheikh 
MohametTs stud manager com- 
plaining about the rating given to 
one of his horses. 

Fora hard core of senior men he 
picked old pals from his press- 
room days, men such as Tim 
Richards, a news specialist from 
the Daily Mirror , and a bloodstock 
expert, Tony Morris. Two hun- 
dred people applied for jobs before 
they had even advertised. Last 
autumn they hired a committee 
room in the Turf Dub and saw 
100 people over six days for 30 
positions. Apart from the top six 
staff the average age is 29 (Rock 
himself is 40). 

“We weren’t just looking for 
ability", he says. “Attitude to- 
wards the sport was the important 
thing. They have all got to love 
racing." Most have demonstrated 
that love by doing ill-paid stints in 
one of the several recognized 

The journalists have been get- 
ting on well in the new environ- 
ment. “But the computers seemed 
to need time to bed themselves 
in", says Rock, who has suffered 
nerve-wracking machine break- 
downs during some of the dummy 
runs. These experiences have 
made him cautious about promis- 
ing total nationwide coverage 
'from day one. A key man in the 
enterprise is a Malaysian comput- 
er consultant called Ed Lim. 

“I can remember sitting at 
home as recently as last September 
and starting the whole tiling off by 
getting on the telephone to order 
equipment- We are unlike any 
other high technology newspaper. 
So much of our material is factual 
lists, the information for which 
can come from as many as five 
different sources. We have to have 
a system that can sort out those 
five separate inputs and marry 
them together " He has had to add 
extra banks of memory to their 
hardware. They are Sill short of 
capacity, and Have ordered a new 
machine which won’t arrive until 
May. The lists of horses* form, 
which can ran to 30 pages of 
detailed information, were too big 
for the computers to swallow in . 
one gulp and set out in tire 
approved angle column style, “if 
Ed can’t do something about that 
we won’t be able to come out” 
Rock said at one point. Ed 

Editor Graham Rode 
from Fiend to form 

night list of runners back in Fleet 
Street we could just go across the 
road and get another one.” ■ *• 

Others feel different pressures. 
AH the outside correspondents 
have been given Tandy portable 
computers. They can key in their 
stories, link themselves onto a 
telephone line and send their copy 
to the central computer, in sec- 
onds. This cranes strangely to 
someone like ex-A/imtrman Tim 
Richards, who b Used to - ad 
libbing golden phrases down a 
telephone. “We are trying to teach 
him to ad fib on a Tandy", says 
Wrigfa. . 

Over at tire L/fethey are fighting 
back with some more inspired and 
brigfrterooyeragc of thrirown. But 
although it has no form, the 
Raynes Park newcomer has a 
useful pedigree and it will not be 
dismayed by class company. 
Should get the trip. . . . 

Pearson Phillips 

Ltd is 

■ = ■ ! 

A sporting man at arms 

For someone who had to be 
ordered to stop walking about 
the front line in a hail of 
machine-gun bullets on the 
Third Ukrainian Front (then 
engaged in bitter fighting with 
the retreating Germans in 
Yugoslavia in 1945) General 
Vladimir StoicheVs longevity 
is remarkable. Stoichev, who 
was commander of the first 
Bulgarian Republican Army, 
is a legendary "Olympic eques- 
trian figure who has lived his 
life on" the spartan principle 
that a soldier comes home 
either bearing his shield or 
lying on iL 

In old age. he is as forthright 
as ever. The Olympics should 
be open, he says, a provoca- 
tive pronouncement in anti- 
professional Eastern Europe. 
How, he asks, can rhythmic 
gymnasts be required to prac- 
tise a ball exercise 7,000 times 
in a full-time training pro- 
gramme and be called ama- 

“The Olympic motto of 
Faster, Higher. Stronger is 
impossible nowadays unless 
you are full-time", he says. 

Had he not. I ventured, 
believed in amateurism when 
he was competing? “I’m not 
really sure about that", he says 
with' a twinkle in his eye. “I 
was in the cavalry, and riding 
five horses a dayf’ 

But he remains convinced 

General Vladimir 

Stoichev, (right) 

• V- 

veteran of the 


Olympic Committee, 

was 94 this month. 

He recalls his career 

and talks about the 

changing Games 

that the Olympic Games is the 
strongest social force in the 
world, and be openly praises 
the success of the Los Angeles 
Games two years ago which 
were boycotted by his own 

In October this year the IOC 
will decide where the 1992 
Winter Olympics will be held, 
and there are valid reasons 
why the committee should 
grant them to Sofia, one of 
seven candidates. Bulgaria has 
competed in the Olympics 
since 1896, but has never 
hosted them. Another reason 
would be in recognition of the 
spirit and endurance of the 
Thracian civilization — 7,000 
years old. oppressed for 500 
years by the Ottoman Empire, 
and epitomized at the Olym- 

pic Games of 1924 and 1928 
by Stoichev and his colleague, 
Kroum Lekarskl 

In 1924, the two cavalry 
officers, paying all their own 
expenses, travelled to Paris by 
goods train on a journey 
taking 10 days. Twice a day, 
they massaged their horses to 
keep them supple. On arrival, 
they discovered that the sta- 
bles they had reserved were 14 
miles from the Three Day 
Event course. Unable to af- 
ford transport, they had to 
walk their horses to and from 
competition through Paris 

At that time there was not a 

line and was in intensive care 
for 15 days. Stoichev, in line 
for an individual medal, 
sportingly withdrew. 

Stoichev and Lekaiski were 
prevented from competing in 
Los Angeles in 1932 when the 
authorities refused to assist 
with transport for their horses. 
Stoichev. then military atta- 
che in Paris, made a remark- 
able recovery from a fell that 
fractured two vertebrae and 
left him paralysed for several 
weeks. Exceptional fitness has 
■ensured his longevity. When 
he via ted Sarajevo — where 
his great grandfather was may- 
or — for the 1984 Winter 
Games, he remarked to a 
tourist guide how pleasant it 
was to visit the home where be 
once lived. When was that, the 
guide asked? “Oh. in the last 
century”, Stoichev replied. 

In 1923, he was dismissed to 

‘I would like to 
be a man of 
three centuries’ 

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garia. but Stoichev. 
through his perfection in 
training his cavalry horse. 
Pan, came 13th out of about 
50 in the dressage. 

“You can achieve nothing 
unless, in the first place, you 
love the horse" the General 
said when 1 talked to him in 
his third-floor flat in Sofia, 
where he manages the stairs 
without the help of a lift His 
devotion is illustrated by an 
anecdote about how he once 

The Olympics are 
the strongest social 
force in the world’ 

arrived for a competition in 
Madrid by rail wagon, having 
treated his horse every few 
hours in the intense heaL 

And the day before the cross 
country in Paris, he walked for 
many ' hours in search ot 
transport to save the horses 
the long journey to the course. 
In doing so he shed two 
kilogrammes (about five 
pounds) but this was only 
discovered at the weigh-in. 
His horse had been weighed 
earlier so he was made to fill 
his pockets with two kilos oi 
Auteuil gravel. 

In 1928, shortly before the 
Games in Amsterdam, 
Stoichev competed in a pre- 
Olympics event in Lucerne, 
where, astonishingly, he and 
his plebeian horse won the 
dressage. In the Olympic cross 
country. Lekarski's horse 
Stumbled, fell on his rider and 
fractured his pelvis, then trod 
on his intestines while regain- 
ing his feeL Lekarski. in 
excruciating pain, remounted 
to complete the course, fell ofi 
unconscious at the finishing 

the provinces for a year for 
whistling at the German-born 
Bulgarian Kaiser in a German 
propaganda film. Eleven years 
later be took part in the 
abortive coup to overthrow 
the despised imported king. 
The fascist government, sym- 
pathizers of Mussolini, 
thwarted the coup and again 
Stoichev was exiled to a 
mountainous province. 

That left him a committed 
campaigner for his people's 
freedom. Sofia was heavily 
bombed during the War by 
American and British forces. 
For a year. Nadia Lekarska — 
now a coopted member of the 
IOC programme commis- 
sion — housed 34 relatives 
and friends in a three-room 
ski lodge in the Vitosha 
Mountains just outside the 
city. In 1944, the fascist 
government was finally over- 
thrown. and Stoichev elected 
to command the newly- 
formed army. “There are the 
men who broke Hitler's 
head", he said proudly as he 
showed me round his flat The 
walls are crowded, alongside 
the horses, with autographed 
pictures of Churchill. Roose- 
velt Stalin, and de Gaulle; of 
Stoichev arm-in-arm with 
General Kettley of the British 
Eighth Army and with Soviet 
General Kapitokbin after the 
capitulation of the Germans 
in Klagenfort; with Tito on the 
balcony in celebration in Bel- 
grade. his hat at a familiar 
jaunty angle; as postwar diplo- 
matic adviser in Washington; 
with Prince Philip at Olympic 

On each turn of the stairs to 
his fiat a wall-seat has been 
placed in the corner. The 
remarkable GeneraL his eyes 
as bright as his tie-pin. is 
pacing himself. He would like 
to be “a man of three 
centuries'*. We drank a bottle 
of champagne to thaL 

Dadd Miller 

The fight to save a giant 

An African rhinoceros stand- 
ing in broad daylight ob open 
ground ftw almost every- 
thing around it look smalL A 
large specimen can stand six 
feet at the withers aid weigh 
two tons, with a horn of 
densely compacted hair fibre 
stretching a yard from the 
sinewy base on its wrinkled 
snoot to its polished tip. It can 
launch its awesomely muscled 
frame from immobility to a 25 
mBe-na-benr sprint in a few 
seconds. It is almost armour- 
plated, with an inch- thick hide 
that repels Africa's legions of 
skin- hat rowing insects. 

But for aO the impressive 
survival equipment that has 
evolved since the first rhino- 
like mammals appeared on the 
free of the earth about 50 
million years ago, the black 
and white rhinos hive been 
driven into little conus of the 
continent; tike big, placid white 
rhino in Sooth Africa's Natal 
province, and the smaller bat 
more dangerous black rhino in' 
a annuli stretch of flood plain 
on the Zambezi river in 

Coants Hndertaken last year 
by biologists of the African 
Elephant and Rhino Specialist 
Group of the International 
Union for the Conservation of 
Nature pot the number of 
black rhino on the cont i ne nt at 
9,000. Six months Later, the 
figiH'e had dropped by 3,000. 
In the early 1970s there were 
an estimated 65,000 black 
rhino in Africa. 

Wars, the breakdown of law 
and order, corruption, the 
availability of modern weap- 
ons and the potential relief 
from poverty by the quick and 
easy money to be earned in the 
rhino trade have loosed armies 
of poachers on nearly every 
game sanctnary on the 

The reasons for the slaagb- 
ter lie in the illicit rhino born 
trade. In the first detailed 
survey of the trade,- Esmond 
Bindley Martin, a senior 
member of the rhino specialist 
group, found that more than 

Mass poaching is killing off the African 
rhinoceros. The authorities are fighting 

back — but is it all too little, and too late? 


Tanzania 3.130 
Zimbabwe 1.680 
Zambia 1,650 
South Africa 640 
Kenya 550 

Namfoia 400 
Central Af Rep 170 
Mozambique 130 
Cameroun 110 
Sudan 100 

Somalia 90 
Angola 90 

Malawi .20 

Rwanda 15 
Botswana 10 


TOTAL (1984)8,400 since the survey 

Source: 1UCN African Bephant and 
Rhino Specialist Group. Numbers are 
believed to have deeflned dramaticafly 

half the poachers’ boonty goes 
to North Yemen, whore a 
seven-fold increase m income 
has allowed thousands of 
youths to bey daggers with 
handles of carved rhino hern, a 
privilege formerly restricted to 
the aristocracy. 

He found that in Sooth-East 
Asia demand is from Chinese 
apothecaries who dispense 
powdered rhino horn as a 
panacea for colds, inflaenza 
and Fevers (a fatfle prescrip- 
tion: rhino born is as abort as 
beneficial as hnman hair), A 
pound of powdered born can 
fetch op to £10,000, and the 
price is rising as the supply 

Bdpn colonial emphe, as 
having been “totally neglected 
for the 25 years since 
independence”. Ranged 
against him are gangs of 
poachers from neighbouring 
Sudan, operating with the foil 
political and military support 
of that country. And the 
gamepark staff are making Ins 
task doubly difficult: often 
going for three months without 
pay (the Zalrese equivalent of 
£2.60 a month) they sell 
awmmfa to tourists in order to 

A extensive project is now 
underway in Zaire’s Garamba 
National Parte to stop the 
extinction of the last 14 speci- 
mens of a distinct species, the 
northern white rhino. The area 
has been designated a world 
heritage site by Unesco,aneof 
14 such areas of outstanding 
natural value. 

Project adviser Charles 
Madtie describes the park, 
once one of the jewels of foe 

The rhino succumbs easily 
to drought, disease and physi- 
cal wounding, ft is attacked by 
hippo and hyena, and deliber- 
ately harassed by elephants. It 

has an infrequent oestrus cy- 
cle, gestates for 16 months and 
then produces a single off- 
spring which stays with the 
pother for two years. Under' 
■deal conditions, the female 
rhino can be expected to 
produce a calf every four 
years. But “in the bush, a 
rhino can go through its 30- 
year lifespan without prodmv 
ing any young at all", says 

Gdea Tatham. a provincial 
warden in the Zimbabwe De- 
partment of National Parks 

and - Wildlife Management 

who is coordinating “Opera- 
tion Stronghold", a fall mili- 
tary operation against 
poachers m fke Zambezi Val- 
ley, another world heritage 

Since December 1984. 
scores of poacher gangs from 
Zambia — where the Lsangwa 
Valley National fort is now 
thoroughly • depleted — have 
been crossing the Zambezi 
river by nigh! in canoes. They 
have cat down abort 126 Mack 
rhinos, while - - . (he 
Zimbabweans have kffled 16 

Mr Tatham says he expects 
the poachers to increase their 
beffigerence. They have start- 
ed metadrog “hit men” carry- 
ing AK 47 automatic rifles to 
fight their way out of National 
Picks ambushes, and he pre- 
dicts they wffl soon begin 
direct attacks on his staff. 

The one ray of hope has 
. been foe efforts of foe Natal 
Parks Board in foe Umfofoa 
and Hfahlnwe game reserves 
of South Africa. Duringi-ihe 
1950s the population of white 
rhino was wiped out in eastern 
and southern Africa: 'except 
for between 50 and 160 m 
NataL But a carefully man- 
aged protection and breeding 
operation has dragged fbe 
white rhino back from foe 
brink of extindfon to foe point 
where more rtmn 3,600 have 
been remtrodheed In other 
African cou n tr i es. 

Conservationists are con- 
cerned, however, by the effect 
that South Africa's current 
political upheaval could have 
on conservation. “Unless foe 
scene there is very carefully 
controlled", says a senior 
member of the rhino specialist 
group, “there is a chance that 
a breakdown in law and order 
could destroy the last breeding 
nuc le us for white rhino in 


r • 



1 Mexican Indian (5) 
4 Lasting (7) 

8 Sag 15) 

9 Wood dust (7) 

10 Abstract (8) 

11 Fit (4) 

13 Light food (It) 

17 Light (4) 

18 Passage (8) 

21 Staying power (7) 

22 Church council (5) 

23 Pleasing (7) 

2t Concur (51 

7 } 


1 Passionate (6) 

2 Salmon-like fish (5) 

3 Closet (81 

4 Objective U3j 

5 Tiers (4) 

6 Maize whisky (7) 

7 Good opinion t(>) 

12 Food of gods iS) 

14 Set aside (7) 

The temperature 
in Cornwall 

Momego Bay is in Cornwall. 
j^nafcaAnd tight nowifs warm 

ttJan Cornwall Errand 

foe Jamaica Information Pac^ 
f *5® loJmMicaTburist Board, 

SWjAiFC (ioi- 499 1707k 

15 Servile man 16) 

16 Hone headgear (6) 

19 Cheap restaurant (3) 

20 Branch (4j 

H -* v- 

yr , . fo . 







Margarine marketing 
is an unlikely 
dug to the gro wing 

- realization tha t 

- . women are also 
^vulnerable to heart 

trouble, writes 

Graham PNpot 

i \ -e a m 

r>-ii V 



• > # 

.. A 

\ r .-f 
.. t 
y '.j * 

Thomson Prentice 

fian* of ihc heart, when 
considered in a medical 
context, have been almost 
.. ■ exclusively a male- con- 

•cetp..T«e traditional membership 

- - qf. fo e coronary dub has been 
. - : reserved for men only, because it is 

they who are seen as ihe most likely 

. ■ victims of heart disease. 

. The fact that women are very 
: V nrachatriskas weB has been larady 
ignored . by doctors, scientists, 
health educationists, and - perhaps 

- most of aJl — by women 
themselves. ... 

Cardiovascular . conditions, in- 
cluding heart disease and strokes, 
are the leading cause of an deaths in 
Britain, but their toll on women 
tends to receive only a second 
' glance. 

. When the figures are examined, 
however, there is obvious cause for 
concern. In Britain in 1984, 78,469 
women died of heart diway a 
- fignre representing 24 per cent of all 
female deaths. Thirty two per cent . 
of all male deaths - 101,328 — 
were also due to heart disease. In 
England and Wales in 1984, 68,500 
women died of heart disease, and 
another 44,300 died from strokes. 

Although most of those rfwtfliy 
occurred in women aged over 6$, 
the two illnesses, when pm together, . 

- are second only to all 'cancers 

combined as the leading cause of 
death in women aged between 35 
and 54, - 

.Yet women have, never been the 
focus of modi attention in research 
into the IriHer conditions, nor have 
they been the prime target for 1 
advice and information on how best 
to protect themselves. 

Instead, they have been led to 
believe that they should be more 
concerned with trying to protect 
their menfolk, by such means as 
feeding them the “right" diet oftow- 
• fat foods. 

Among the leading purveyors of 
that image have been the makers of, 
Flora- margarine, who- for the last 
decade or so have 1 been pitching 
their product towards women shop- 
pers with the message that its high 
rating of polyunsaturated fats 
makes it a healthier buy far thtman 
of the house: 

Belatedly, however, Flora's mar- - 
keting experts have had a change of 
heart From today, the emphasis in " 
advertising has been transferred to 
women. Robust, contented men : 
with sandwiches and fishing rods 
are being supplanted on television 
and in newspapers and magazines 
by healthy-looking mums and. 

This switch in strategy coincides 
with a growing recognition among " 
researchers and health education 
groups that much more attention 
should be paid to the risks of heart 
disease arid strokes among women. . 
“Unfortunately, most of the stud- 

To breed or 
not to breed? 

ies of heart disease to date have 
focused on men, and women's heart 
disease has been largely ignored", 
says Anne Dillon, director of the 
Coronary Prevention Group. 

“Current health education infor- 
mation on risk factors such as 
smoking, diet, exercise, blood pres- 
sure and stress is all of relevance to 
women. Bui much of the advice on 
prevention through reduction of 
these risk factors is oriented towards 

“Women have been given a 
different message. They are told 
that in choosing food for the famil y, 
they have got their family’s hearts in 
their hands. Implicitly, their own 
health needs are being ignored. I'm 
glad to see the new Flora campaign 
but I think the company has a lot to 
answer for in previously deflecting 
women’s attention away from their 
own health.*' 

Professor Michael Marmot, pro- 
fessor of co mmuni ty medicine at 
University College, London, and 
the Middlesex Hospital medical 
school, is a leading researcher into 
heart disease. Hesays:“It is true that 
women have been relatively under- 
studied, probably because the dis- 
ease is universally more prevalent 
among men. 

“But there are risk factors unique 
to women, such as the association 
between oral contraceptives and 
heart disease, the combined risk 
that may occur from smoking and 
taking the pill for women over 35 , 
and the effects of the menopause: 
These are areas that do require a 
good deal more scientific 

Many health specialists are par- 
ticularly concerned about women 
smokers, whose cigarette consump- 
tion increased by 15 per cent during 


Deaths from Coronary Heart Diaoaao 
. in the UK 1984 

death rates/100,000 
Heart Disease . 



Scotland ■>“ 
Northern Ireland i 
England and - 
Wales 1=3 

1850 | 1960 | 1970 | 1980 
1955 1965 1975 1985 

the 1970s and who are evidently 
giving up the habit more slowly 
than men. Between three and four 
women in ten are smokers: 

Women seem to find giving up 
smoking more difficult than men 
do, mainly, it appears, because of 
their fear of consequent weight gain. 
Given the choice of stopping the pill 
or stopping smoking, not all women 
opt out of cigarettes. 

Yet the medical evidence on the 
health damage inflicted by smoking 
is inescapable, and the hazards to 
the foetus of smoking during preg- 
nancy are well-documented. A 
woman over 35 who smokes and 
uses the pill has a relative risk of 
arterial disease three times greater 
than that of a woman of the same 
age who neither takes the pill nor 
smokes. The pill itself is a risk 
factor, not yet folly understood, 
among younger women. Professor 
Marmot and colleagues . are at 
present coordinating an interna- 
tional study on behalf of the World 
Health Orpmisation; which will try 
to answer some of the questions 
about heart disease risks associated 
with low-dosage oestrogen pills. 

W hile the image of a 
typical heart attack vic- 
tim is often portrayed 
as a middle-aged, over- 
weight, over-stressed businessman, 
the effects of stress on the female 
heart have been given little atten- 
tion. A popular view is that as more 
and more women lake over the 
occupational burdens of men, they 
risk acquiring similar levels of bean 

“The more women live like men. 
the more they die like men**, says 
Joan Richardson, a health educa- 
tion worker. But lhal view is 
strongly disputed by some medical 

What may in fact be the case is 
that women in relatively low-status 
jobs may be at increased risk, 
particularly if they are trying to cope 
with children at home as well as the 
pressures of their woridng hours. 

A long-term, continuing study of 
men and women in a small Ameri- 
can town has shown that profession- 
al women do not have an excess of 
coronary heart disease when com- 
pared with housewives. But it also 
has found that some working wom- 
en, particularly clerical staff with 
little independence or control of 
their job environment, do appear to 
be more vulnerable. 

One of the most important pre- 
dictors of heart disease among 
women clerical workers, the study 
found, was having a “non- 
supportive" boss. 

Impressed by that research. Pro- 
fessor Marmot and colleagues are 
pursuing the influences of work and 
home life on heart disease among 
both men and women in Britain. 
They are now in the process of 
setting up a study that will involve 
some ILQ00 people. Although it will 
be several years before the results 
can be analysed, this new research 
could provide some important in- 
sights into the combinations of risk 
factors to which many thousands of 
British women, as well as men, are 

Meanwhile, advice to women will 
be stepped up. Anne Dillon, of the 
Coronary Prevention Group (CPG), 
concedes that until now, health 
education for women about heart 
disease has been inadequate. To 
redress some of that balance, the 
CPG is hoping to distribute thou- 
sands of information and leaching 
packs through the network of 
Women's Institutes in Britain later 
this year. 

When 1 first got married, the 
limes were very uncomplicat- 
ed. All you had to do was shut 
your eyes and think of Empire 
and, sooner or later, you 
would find that you had 
become A Mother. 

The disadvantage of this 
state of affairs was that some 
of us saw out the most vital 
years of our lives gauzily, 
through eyelashes gummed 
together with Farex. But we 
had none of the problems that 
young women have now: 
problems which can be loosely 
grouped together under the 
heading Whither Maternity? 

Every pre-parenial couple I 
know start spouting a script, 
which seems to nave been 
written by Chekhov, every 
time the talk gels around to 
the desirability of increasing 
the size of their household. 
Even husbands and wives 
whose views dovetail peace- 
ably on the north/souih de- 
bate. and whether to leave the 
bedroom window open at 
night, wring their hands and 
sigh tragically over the ques- 
tion as to whether it is best lo 
have a baby when you are 28'A 
or 32ft. 

It doesn't seem very long 
ago since broodiness was a 
condition that attached itself 
to women: now it seems to be 
an exclusively masculine com- 
plaint Would-be fathers daw- 
dle outside Mothercare, 
staring out a pair of shell-pink 
bootees with pearl ized but- 
tons. while their wives stride 
purposefully past 
Arguments about sex and 
money have always been top 
of the list of reasons for 
marital breakdown. I feel that 
spats over the ifs and whens of 
parenthood may becoming up 
fast on the outside. 

To help people cope with 
this unfriendly situation, an 
outfit called Oasis Communi- 
cations has started lo run 
workshops* called Shall I 
Have Children? How unthink- 
able this would once have 
been - people needing profes- 
sional counsellors to help 
them decide upon a course 
that has usually been consid- 
ered a matter. of primitive 
urges and biology 
According to Helen Taylor 
and Sheila Naish. who run the 
workshops, the issues which 
now buzz around in the heads 
of women, who hang back 
from pregnancy are these: 
“My work means a great deal 
to me but “Surely parent- 
hood isn’t my only way of 
being fulfilled”; “I feel I‘ve 
achieved so much at this job 
already - the next two years 
are vital". And so on. 

Fulfilment? Achievement? 
These are not words that often 
sprang from the lips of my 
own contemporaries. And, 
when they did, they referred to 
diamond engagement rings, 
the decoration of the first 
marital home and the swift 
production of a first child. 

The situation is more subtle 
now. Helen Taylor, who is a 
consultant psychologist, sug- 
gests that men who claim to 
want children more keenly 





Tomorrow! c en tr e of extreme reactions 

than their partners do may. 
subconsciously, want their 
wives to be less independent. 
As if marriage weren ‘1 compli- 
cated enough without having 
lo work out the underlying 
meaning behind remarks like. 
“I thought I*d hang on to my 
electric train set in case it ever 
came in handy for someone 

The problem is that howev- 
er imaginative one may be. it 
is impossible to visualize what 
life with children is like before 
it actually happens. It is quite 
pointless trying to describe to 
a non-parent the strange com- 
bination of joy and terror one 
feels when one’s five-year-old 
starts school, what it's like to 
watch one's daughter prepare 
for her first date or the 
particular exhaustion that flat- 
tens you after a children's 

Oasis takes its workshops 
seriously. It aims “to help 
women meet the very special 
problems they face. We will 
use a range of techniques to 
enable you to consider wheth- 
er to have children or not and 
to look at timing: to identify 
and counter pressures from 
partner, family and friends: 
the physical, medical and 
psychological realities of hav- 
ing children 'late' will be 
explored . . . 

“By the end of the day you 
will feel empowered to make 
an ACTIVE choice at a time 
right for you. aware of the 
effects of your decision". 

And, after all that I hope 
those attending don't have the 
bad luck to work for an 
executive I know who insists 
that female employees arrange 
to give birth during their 
summer holiday so as to 
ensure minimum disruption 
at the office. 

The next workshop will be in 
York on Saturday, May JO 
and the fee is £20. More details 
from Oasis ( telephone : 0904 

I have warmed immediately to 
everything I have seen and 
heanl about the new editor of 
Vogue, Anna Win to nr, since 
she sounds like a woman who 
knows that when you have a 
career, everything else must be 
pared down to bare essentials. 
In a recent photograph, unlike 
the models in her own glossy 
magazine, Miss Wintonr was 
sporting perfectly dean but 
dearly unpointed fingernails. 

? Countdown to the Big Bang 

Suzy Menkes on 
Kari Lagerfeld, 
the man who 
shook-up Chanel 


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The Design Centre 
is 30 years old 
and still flourishing. 
Beryl Downing 

Centre of excellence, funny 
little department store, mis- 
guided poseur - opinions of 
the Design Centre in London’s 
Haymarket vary . from' the 
reverent to the vitriolic, but in 
spite of them all it has 
survived for 30 years and 
celebrates its anniversary to- 
morrow with an exhibition, 
“Then and Now”. 

One look at photographs of 
the original interior, laid out 
with products mummified in 
glass cases, shows bow things 
have changed since the centre 
was opened in 1956 by the 
Duke of Edinburgh. 

Then it was a museum. 
Now it is a shop. It is also an 
exhibition centre and a source 
of reference, but whatever airs 
some think it gives itself; it is 
in the business or selling. It 
sells the idea of design, the 
products of design and the 

products and nuts and bobs, 
but I welcome that because 
there is a bigger need in my 
view for engineering design to 
be part of a more creative and 
outgoing attitude than for the 
design profession, which is 
now standing on its own feet.’ 

Wrangle as they will among 
themselves - and to do them 
justice most members of the 
Council have earned the fur- 
rows in their brows by not 
being as complacent as their 
critics suggest - the creators ol 
the Design Centre have done 
the consumer nothing but 

Popular for 
some, vulgar 
for others 

Then and Now: 
Hobbs in 1955; 
1985 jog kettle. 

. same company, different shape - the 
“ 1 ‘* Pye’s 1955 television by Robin 
television by Sony (UK). 

sense of 

much clearer 

Kenneth Grange, one of the 

^The council was set up fo 
influence 'British industry by 

e -ijM-irmi-TT TTi r nnVii setting _ a high standard of iwimcui vintage, one or me 
design but they have become internationally known design- 

“ v ° l . ved to*™**™. ami a, who* p^ducu 
is itseff perhaps because it nas running a coffee shop, which 

certainly wasn’t part of. their 
original brief” ' 


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an identity problem- 

The reasons are histone. 
The Design Cbuncil was setup 
in 1944 to help cope with the 
anticipated problems of in- 
dustry after the war and 
because of the success it had m 
selecting indsutnal products 
for the »51 Festival of Britain 
the Centre was owned as a 
showcase for 8°°d design. 

The difference between then 
and now is that 30 years ago 
X ex was very link disagree- 

mra taboutjted^«OT 

what was good redesign, as 

one critic puts lC T rb -J5^S 
then was closely identified 
SSh designers and it was ea* 
to agree a dictum of excri- 
ten^Today they seem to 
STe some very fonny. 




an explana- 

tion! bs down:. 

Diverse views over . 
what makes 
good design 

Not everyone connected with 
design is willing to tempt 

commercial fate and consul- 
tancy commissions by openly 
criticising the Cotmcu. Wally 
Oi ins, however, chairman of 
Wolff Otins the design consul-, 
tancy specialising in corporate 
identity, has no such 

“In the early days, h did a 
very good job,” be says, "but it 
has since . lost its. way and 
become- weighed down by Us 
own bureaucracy; It- needs a 

lured m 

“The design profession, as 
well as the council, has grown 
and there is nothing like the 
same view even among de- 
signers about what makes 

good design." 

How many people would 
agree, for instance, on the vital 
importance in our lives of a 
bouquet garni tea-towel by 
Lurienne Day, a plastic dust- 
. pan and handbrush by Addis 
or the ingenious but unlovely 
Wgoderclip which won a 
Duke of Edinburgh’s award 

“Some people rail 
the greater involvement in 
engineering ■ products”, 
Kenneth Grange adds, “and 
think it confoses the issue to 
be involved with domestic 

There was a time when you 
could look and learn but do 
nothing so vulgar as handing 
money over a counter - you 
had to scurry all round town 
looking for recommended 
stockists who usually knew 
nothing whatever about the 
products you had seen. 

Now. thanks to Keith 
Grant, who has been director 
for the past nine years, there is 
a flourishing trade which helps 
to finance the other aims oi 
creating design awareness in 
schools and industry. 

“We have popularized the 
place - some may say 
vulgarized", he admits. "We 
are open every day of the year 
a pan from Christmas day and 
Boxing day and we stay open 
until 8pm. We attract a mil- 
lion visitors a year and when 
the refurbishment of Piccadil- 
ly is complete we will have an 
even larger audience. We are I 
simply responding to social 

"Some designers would like 
us to present products in a 
reverent way. If tiial’s what 
they want they should go to a 
museum of modern art. Our 
job is to relate design to real 

In that case, many happyj 

A three day exhibition 

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Highly placed sources at the 
Department of Environment and 
Conservative Central Office tell 
me they are convinced that the 
£1 05.000 surcharge imposed on 30 
Lambeth councillors for “wilful 
misconduct” in delaying setting a 
rate has already been paid. Lam- 
beth Conservative leader Mary 
Leigh said: “I cannot tell you how 
I know, but I know. As 1 
understand, the money was paid 
almost immediately. 1 am de- 
lighted. Enough ratepayers' 
money has been poured down the 
drain.” A Tory news sheet. Action 
London . repeats the assertion. If 
confirmed, it would shed light on 
why the councillors, led by Ted 
Knight, have chosen not to take 
the case to the Lords. like their 
Liverpool counterparts. No one. 
however, can offer more than 

f uesses as to *Wki has paid the 
105.000. The local town hall 
unions could hardh afford such a 
sum and the Labour Party would 
not wish to be seen compensating 
l3w-breakers. The District Aud- 
itor's office says it is not in a 
position to know if the bill has 
been met. Neither Lambeth's 
treasurer nor press office would 
discuss the matter. 

Telling tales 

It has taken some years, but 
Gerald Kaufman's school prefect 
has finally caught up with the 
shadow home secretary. A recent 
profile in the Jewish Chronicle 
referred to his unhappy days at 
Leeds Grammar School, described 
as an “anti-semiiic hell". Now the 
prefect, Melvin Nelson, has writ- 
ten to the paper questioning the 
account. *'I believe”, he says, “the 
majority of the 30 Jewish pupils of 
the time will support my view that 
the reason Gerald Kaufman was 
so disliked was because he was a 
thoroughly obnoxious young 


Ivor Stanbrook, leader of the Tory 
Sunday trading rebels, was con- 
trite yesterday after telling TV-am 
interviewer Jonathan Dimbleby 
that he could not have been very 
well brought up if he had such 
scant regard for the Sabbath. The 
jibe came as a surprise to 
Dimbleby. who was dragged to 
church every week by his God- 
fearing father, Richard. When 
Stan brook realized his gaffe he 
pleaded, to no avail, to have the 
comment removed from the 
recording. **1 shouldn't have said 
it and I apologized for making a 
personal remark. What I should 
have said is that I pity anyone who 
hasn't learned to cherish Sunday”, 
Sianbrook said yesterday. 


Don’t bother bringing baby if you 
plan to attend this year's annual 
conference of the health service 
union Cohse at the Winter Gar- 
dens in Blackpool. According to 
the latest edition of the union 
paper. Health Services, the lavish 
creche facilities promised have 
been booked for Bridlington, on 
the other side of the country. 

‘He’s right The only way to deal 
with gossips is to bold a press 
conference in the W est Indies’ 

Staying put 

1 am able to quash rumours that 
one of the BBCs most innovative 
journalists has resigned. Roger 
Bohon. head of network produc- 
tions in Manchester, was said to 
have cleared out his desk last week 
after the post he was seeking — 
head of BBC North-West, which 
overtakes the position he already 
holds — went instead to Hugh 
Williams. A colleague said Bol- 
ton - who has a reputation for 
fighting on his journalists' behalf 
(he was editor of Panorama 
dbring the Carrickmore filming 
row) -had been "kicked in the 
teeth” by the corporation, which 
had promoted the two other 
regional production heads. Yes- 
terday Bolton told me that, far 
from leaving, he had hosted a 
lunch for replacement Williams 
and would help with the hand- 
over before even thinking about 
what to do next. • 


Dogberry. Police magazine's gos- 
sip columnist reports the plight of 
two Blackburn coppers who 
stopped a black man seen driving 
from the premises of a well-known 
local criminal. The man gave his 
name. Samuel Boe, and a Man- 
chester address and was asked to 
report to a station with his licence 
and insurance details. Only much 
later, after they guessed he was 
probably known to his friends as 
Sam. did the constables give up 
waiting for Mr Boe. pf-I.Sl 

My regular readers win know, and 
some will contemplate the knowl- 
edge with sighs, that at about this 
lime of year I am wont to devote 
this space to a complete reproduc- 
tion of the moderate candidates’ 
slate for the elections taking place 
in the Civil and Public Servants 
Association. The biggest of the 
Civil Service unions, the CP5A is 
one of those unions in which there 
is an election every year for the 
senior officers and the entire 
membership of the national exec- 
utive, so that the members have 
annually to fill the posts of 
president, two vice-presidents and 
2ti NEC members. 

In recent years, control has 
swung back and forth, year by 
year, between the moderates, un- 
der the indomitable Kate 
Losinska. and a list largely made 
up of an assortment of Trotskyite 
and Communist Party members 
and fellow travellers. The pen- 
dulum has not been content with a 
modest arc; one year the mod- 
erates will take almost every seat, 
the next their merabere are re- 
duced to a handful, and a union 
vital to the functioning of the 
country's administration is in the 
hands of a group which includes 
some whose dearest wish is to 
make the machine unworkable. 

Last year the moderate group 
won handsomely, but there was an 
ominous background to their vic- 
tory. It was almost certainly 
obtained only because the hitherto 
united left had broken in two. each 
group putting up a complete, or 
almost complete, slate. (The two 
leftist groups were indistinguish- 
able to any normal eye. but each 
vigorously denounced the other as 
a nest of traitors to the class 
struggle, and their split allowed 
the still united moderates to sweep 
the board.) 

Bernard Levin 

Divided they 
stand, divided 
they fall 

Weil and good; all those who 
wish success to moderate and 
sensible union leaders must re- 
joice when the enemies of modera- 
tion and sense fall out. I, like 
others interested in the CPSA's 
affairs, looked forward to another 
victory for reason over the mutu- 
ally embattled left. 

We are unlikely to see it, and for 
the worst of all possible reasons. 
This year, the moderates have 
themselves split, and there will be 
two complete slates — for presi- 
dent. vice-president and all the 
NEC — competing for the votes of 
those CPSA members who want 
peace in their ranks and progress 
in their betterment. 

How has this come about? I 
regret to say that the quarrel seems 
to me to bave no more substance 
or meaning than that between the 
two factions of the left. From one 
side there are allegations of high- 
handed behaviour, of the stifling 
of free speech, of vilification. 
From the other come accusations 
of disloyalty, selfseeking, of vot- 
ing with the left extremists. Where 
the truth is to be found I do not 
know, but I do know that what- 
ever divides the moderate group is 

not, and cannot possibly be, as 
important as what divides both 
factions from their common en- 

In the 19SS elections, the mod- 
erate group won with a minority 
vote, owing to the division on the 
other side. This time it needs only 
a slight tilt, among voters for the 
left, towards one of their squab- 
bling groups and the moderates 
will be lucky to have a foothold of 
any kind in the union’s governing 
body. John Bates, in Henry K on 
the eve of Agincourt, saw more 
dearly than the moderates in the 
CPSA: "Be friends, you English 
fools, be friends; we have French 
quarrels enow, if you could tell 
bow to reckon.” 

This tale could serve as a potted 
history of our century. While the 
dictators, knowing exactly what 
they wanted, pressed on with 
unwavering single-mindedness to- 
wards getting it, their opponents 
quarrelled and bickered, endlessly 
debated their rival programmes 
and policies, boasted of needles on 
which more angels could dance 
than could even stand upon the 
needles of their suspect allies. Did 
you know — it is well attested to in 

the literature — that both Hitler's 
and Stalin’s concentration camps 
echoed daily to the fierce political 
arguments that were still going on 
among the prisoners? 

“Be friends, you English fools, 
be friends”. 1 neither know nor 
care whether Mrs Chambers is 
right about Mis Womersfcy, «w 
Mrs Woraersley is right about MiS 
Chambers. Nor do I know or care 
whether the Socialist Workers 
Party and the Communist Party 
are more dangerous than Militant, 
or the other way round. Bui if the 
factions of the two former are both 
beaten by a combination of the 
two latter, what good cause will be 
advanced, what strengthening of 
democracy will be discernible, 
what crucial point will have been 

I bave no intention of trying to 
adjudicate between the two groups 
who, in their rival zeal for 
democracy, are tikdiy to bring 
about the triumph of their ene- 
mies. Even if the combined forces 
of the moderate outnumber the 
ranks of the immoderates after the 
election, there seems little hope 
that they will rapidly settle their 
differences and thus strengthen 
themselves for the ensuing strug- 
gle. (It is not, I think you wul 
agree, particularly pleasant to see 
one ofBritain's most important 
unions remaining in democratic 
hands only because those who 
wish to remove it from such hands 
cannot themselves unite.) 

1 think Burke put it even better 
than John Bates. “When bad men 
combine”, be said, “the good must 
associate; else they will fell; one by 
one, an unpitied sacrifice in. a 
contemptible struggle”. For the 
first time in several years, I have 
no advice to give the voters of the 
CPSA, other than to contemplate 
those words. 

Rhetoric and reality: Robert Fisk on Arab worries over Reagan 

Skirting the basic issue 


As the US Sixth Reel cruised off 
the coast of Libya last night 
President Reagan’s administra- 
tion was starting to realize just 
how far it bad become boxed in by 
its own rhetoric and lack of 

The scene had been set impres- 
sively enough. A vengeful armada 
was awaiting the moment to strike 
at the "mad dog of the Middle 
East." The .American public, al- 
ready outraged by attacks on 
innocent US citizens abroad, had 
been softened up by “evidence” of 
Libya's complicity — most of it 
apparently too sensitive to re- 
veal — while a series of ferociously 
worded editorials and articles in 
the American press prepared read- 
ers for a righteous war against the 
mad dog himself. 

In the pro-western Arab world, 
the whole drama has been viewed 
with weary, familiar pain. 
Reagan's propensity for misjudg- 
ing events, for misunderstanding 
the Middle East and the real issues 
which torment it. his unfailing 
belief in physical courage rather 
than moral commitment, his sim- 
ple lack of attention to detail have 
long enraged those Arab leaders 
who depend on American assis- 
tance but feel undermined by 
American policies. 

The Europeans, geographically 
closer to the conflict, are already 
deeply disturbed by what is now 
happening in the Mediterranean. 
Even the US Congress was at last 
having doubts at the weekend 
about the wisdom of following 
Reagan into battle. 

History, let alone the Middle 
East, rarely produces the sort of 
clearcut moral issue which the 
American administration pro- 
fesses to see in the Libyan crisis. 
Nor can America's critics really 
feel comfortable. Colonel Gadaffi, 
while he may not be mad, is none 
the less an outrageous man who 
runs a very nasty regime, adopting 
a series of duplicitous moral 
arguments to support Palestinian 
and other factions from whose 
subsequent brutal misdeeds he 
then dissociates himself 

The real problem is that Ameri- 
can policy in the Middle East — or 
lack of it - so often manages to 
destroy the very causes it is 
supposed to promote. Reagan's 
quest for an even-handed, impar- 
tial settlement has thus been 
marked by failure. Since he be- 
came president five years ago the 
Camp David peace process has 
virtually come to a halt, Egypt is in 
grave danger of upheaval, while 
Lebanon, which was once pro- 
claimed to be so vital to American 
interests throughout the entire 
region, was transformed during 
the US military presence there 

Mad dog with a 

into a slate of chaos and anti- 
western fundamentalism more 
profound than anything that ex- 
isted before. 

The causes of this are not 
difficult to find. Washington’s 
Middle East policy is governed by 
three fundamental interests: pres- 
ervation of the state of Israel, 
maintaining the flow of Gulf oil 
and, in vaguely defined but often 
volubly expressed terms, the 
prevention of Soviet expan- 

Grafted on to these three in- 
terests over the past two years has 
been a growing concern, at times 
amounting to obsession, with 
terrorism. The Reagan admin- 
istration has paid insufficient 
attention to the underlying reason 
for this malaise — the failure to 
settle the Palestinian question — 
and attributes it. as the Attorney 
General Edwin Meese, has done, 
to an "international conspiracy” 
directed by the Soviet Union and 
other nations ”which support 
subversion and suppression” 

The current American perspec- 
tive regards Israel as a fellow 
victim of the attacks upon it and 
an ally in its war rather than a state 
which is deeply involved in the 
very Middle East problem which 
Reagan wishes impartially to um- 
pire. When American and Israeli 
citizens are gunned down together 
by terrorists at Rome and Vienna 
airports, it is easy to understand 
how popular opinion favours this 

Terrorism has become an obses- 
sive word in Washington, where it 
is used almost exclusively about 
those who kill westerners or take a 
hostile attitude towards the West. 

touch of the clown: an American view of Gadaffi 

Arabs long ago came to terms with 
the feet that Afghans who fight an 
occupying Soviet army are sup- 
ported by the US and termed 
“freedom fighters” “guerrillas” 
or. at worn, "insurgents”; Leba- 
nese who fight an Israeli occupa- 
tion army - or Palestinians who 
do so on the West Bank — are to 
be depicted as “terrorists”. 

Terrorism is not exclusive to 
only one side in the world’s 
conflicts, and .America’s failure to 
acknowledge this is a principal 
cause of distrust in the Arab 

Arab leadens cannot understand 
how the US can go on claiming a 
role as impartial arbitrator and 
honest broker in the Israeli- 
Faiestinian conflict while giving 
tacit or open political support to 
almost every Israeli policy, includ- 
ing West Bank settlements and the 
maintenance of an occupation 
zone in Lebanon. How can it say it 
is unbiased, the Arabs ask, while it 
forms a strategic-military alliance 
with Israel? 

Within the Middle East fun- 
damental changes are taking place, 
especially in those countries which 
have long relied on America for 
support. In Jordan and the Gulf — 
in Israel loo — religious fun- 
damentalism is becoming a potent 
factor in the formation of all 
political policy. Egyptians are 
increasingly frustrated. As the 
country’s economic crisis wors- 
ens, so it becomes more depen- 
dent on the US; in parallel, their 
fury grows when American actions 
in the Middle East — for example; 
the "hijacking” of the Palestinian 
hijackers aboard the Egyptian 
airliner by US fighter planes last 

year — has to be accepted along- 
side American latgesse. 

All this points not to a peaceful 
Middle East in which a powerful 
America supports a benign and 
fair settlement but a region of 
increasing and ever more callous 
violence m which the one party 
which Reagan most wishes to 
exclude — the Russians — find 
themselves with most to gain. 

At present there seems no way 
out of this. The US is a super- 
power but too often in the Middle 
East it behaves as a regional 
power, not just in its unswerving 
support for almost everything 
Israel does but even in its response 
to tiie problem of Gadaffi. Calling 
an enemy a “mad dog” and 
threatening military action is the 
sort of thing that Middle East 
leaders do repeatedly. Now Rea- 
gan has joined their ranks. 

At least be can rely on the 
outward compliance, or ambigu- 
ity, of many Arab leaders; the 
billionaire rulers of the Gulf states 
apparently see no conflict, for 
instance, in relying on US naval 
power to protect the international 
oil lanes while condemning the 
US naval presence in the inter- 
national waters of the Gulf of 

But these are not factors ou 
which the Americans can rely any 
more than they can upon their fire 
power off Libya. The battleship 
New Jersey did not, in the end, 
help America “save” Lebanon. 
Nor will the Sixth Fleet stop cruel 
men and women placing bombs 
on aircraft Indeed military action 
will tear even more deeply into the 
wounds of the Middle East. 

When Prince Charles arrives in 
Vienna today to open a British 
festival he may, like many Austri- 
ans. reflect on the last Prince of 
Wales to visit the Austrian capital. 

In 1935 the future Edward vm 
made one of several trips to 
Vienna, a city of which he grew 
increasingly fond. Even after his 
abdication in 1936 he chose, as 
Duke of Windsor, to retire for his 
first month of exile to a castle set 
in the Vienna woods. During 
subsequent visits he stayed at the 
Hotel Bristol, where he became a 
familiar figure. 

Though much has been written 
criticizing his attitudes before the 
last war, his 1935 visit to Vienna 
revealed an altogether more posi- 
tive side to his character. His 
behaviour then would have met 
with Prince Charles’s approval if 
only because Edward, like Charles, 
manifested a thoughtful concern 
for the architectural and environ- 
mental as well as the political 
issues of the day. 

By 1935, Vienna had embarked 
on a big programme of construct- 
ing workers' flats. Slums were 
razed and about 30.000 families 
who had lived in cramped single- 
room dwellings were resettled into 
two and three-room flats which 
were, and remain, models Of high- 
density housing. 

u/han PW nnnJ Ifrivm). in_ Vi*»n, 

Vienna reties the 
Windsor knot 

na the most impressive blocks, 
including the celebrated Karl 
Mara Hof, had been the scene of 
violent fighting between fascists 
and socialists, who had tried to 
organize a general strike the 
previous year. The Austrian army, 
supporting the clerico- fascist re- 
gime. shelled the flats, killing 
hundreds of women and children. 
Austrian socialism was driven 
underground and in February 
1935, on the first anniversary of 
the shelling, there were thousands 
of arrests. 

When Edward arrived soon 
after he demanded to be shown 
these model workers' homes. In 
the company of a deputy mayor 
and a Major Uhr, his official 
guide, he was driven to the flats. A 
former Central Europe correspon- 
dent of The Times recalled how 
Edward listened politicly but 
"with a glassy stare" while Major 
LShr vividly described the build- 
ings as fortresses of the “Austro- 
Bolshevisls”. Machine-guns in the 
flats had poured a merciless fire on 
brave Austrian soldiers: the nar- 
. row windows of the. lavatories. 

Lahr said, had really been de- 
signed for sniping. 

The Prince interrupted this 
blood-curdling tale with questions 
about bathing facilities and com- 
munal laundries; Major Lahr was 
deterred only when, in the middle 
of recounting another example of 
the workers’ cruelty, the Prince 
said: “Yes, yes. I know all about 
that, but do tell me, major, where 
did you put that battery of 
howitzers which knocked out the 
left wing?” 

At another building, also is part 
a gaping ruin, the Prince’s interest 
and obvious distaste for Major 
Lahr almost provoked an im- 
promptu anti-fascist demonstra- 
tion. One correspondent reported 
that a group of “full-bosomed, 
washerwomen” gathered to ad- 
mire a prince who, unlike Austri- 
an princes, had not come to 
•"bombard our homes with 

Despite the reverberations of 
the Waldheim affair. Prince 
Charles will be visiting an alto-, 
gether more stable city. Although 
be has a full schedule, he might 

nevertheless find the time to visit 
the latest and most controversial 
example of Vienna's “flats for the 
people”, the so-called Hun- 
dertwasser Hans in the Ldwegasse, 
only a few streets from the British 
embassy residence where he and 
the Princess will be slaying. 

When it went up a few years ago, 
- the building caused a furore in 
Austrian architectural circles by 
the humanistic approach, on the 
lines the Prince himself has advo- 
cated. The architect firmly turned 
his back on the tower blocks of the 
1960s and '70s and gave it 
picturesque irregular earners, trees 
and classical motifs. Its facade of 
pink, gold and bhie enlivens a 
nondescript street in one of the 
more seedy pans of Vienna. 

The Hundertwasscr Haus is also 
in contrast to the eyesore whicb 
will shortly destroy the 19th 
century garden of the British 
Embassy residence. The Foreign 
Office decision to erect a new 
chancery building in the only 
surviving acres of what was once 
Prince Metternich’s park has in- 
censed the Viennese. They hope 
that today’s "Prince of Vahless” 
spares a thought for those who will 
have to live feeing British concrete 
instead of trees, and will be as 
forthright in his opinions as 
Edward was 51 years ago. . 

Richard Bassett 

Anne Sofer 

How schools 
get ahead 


This government’s behaviour 
over the education system resem- 
bles the quarrelling of wolves over 
a half-dead lamb. Ministers have 
hunted as a pack, brought ihcir 
quarry down, and are now snan- 
ing at one another as they tear the 
victim limb from limb. 

Come, come, some will say, that 
goes oyer the top: Keith Joseph 
cares. Everyone agrees that his 
reforms are a good thing - or 
would be if they ever happened. 
Maybe he has been a little 
undiplomatic, but if only teachers 
hadn’t been so badly Jed .. . 

Nobody can accuse me of being 
soft on the teachers' unions, but 2 
am getting impatient with the 
apologists for Sir Keith. Sec- 
retaries of State should be judged . 
not on their ideas but their 
achievements, and his achieve- 
ment in education has been 
unparalleled destruction. Look 
around: crumbling , schools, open 
warfare between himself and all 
the higher education interests, 
even the most moderate teachers 
in rebellion. Certainly no me- 
morial to be proud of. 

But behind Sir Keith is the 
Cabinet. And here I feel especially 
bitter. It has shown precious little 
interest in education all these 
years, regarding the subject as a 
yawn and a switch-off The DES 
was never regarded as a min- 
isterial plum. But suddenly, .since 
the Prime Minister has declared it 
an electorally interesting topic, 
and with the prospect of the top 
job soon being vacated, there is 
avid interest All the contenders 
for office make speeches which 
become front-page news; splits 
between “wets” and “dries” or 
between the “new centralists” and 
the “new radicals”, are the politi- 
cal gossip of the day. 

2 only wish that education had 
had such attention before the 
A amag » was done, and that those 
now proclaiming their miracle 
cures were a little humbler about 
the task they hope to take; on. 
Improving the quality of educa- 
tion cannot be achieved merely by- 
transferring control from one 
bureaucracy to another, or even by 
devising new curricula, still less — 
and this lesson at least Conser- 
vative politicians ought to have 
learnt by now — by haranguing 
the teachers. 

What ■ do we know about 
improving the quality of educa- 
tion? Several things. Firs* (though 
some have forgotten it) that the 
quality of state education is not 
uniform, and that differences in , 
achievement are related not only ' 
to external factors such asdreum- ... 
stances at home but by the 
character of each school Some : 
schools .do very much better with 
what they have got than others. 
This much is obvious from the 
recently published table of ILEA 
schools’ examination results. 

. We also know something about 
what makes some schools better 
than others. The most interesting 
work here is Fifteen Thousand' 
Hours (Rutter et at), a study of 12 
Inner London secondary schools 
publishedin 1979. This examined, 
after due allowance for intake, a 
.number of variables to find 
correlations with academic suc- 
cess, attendance and behaviour. It 
found no association with size of 

scbooL age of building, form of 

The most significant vanawe 
that depended on a 
external to the school wns the ^ 
balance of ability of the popifc. 
Schools with a prepanaoMax of 
low-ability chddren achreved 
poorer results for childraMtf off 
abilities and bad a stgnrftfsmtiy 
higher delinquency level This a 
one of the strongest arguroertfs. 
against trying to solve the prob- 
1 Sas of inner cty schools by 
creaming off the brightest. 

However, most of thetactors - 
associated with school succ ess baa - 
jo do with the way m dt ttt - 
behaved towards the cfaiklrc a and ' 
towards each other. In t he snrtrsa- 
ftil schools, teachers set ambitions : 
goals for the children* set and 
marked homework reg ularly , 
qqeafly encouraged chfld ren wit h . 
praise, arrived on time for lessons, w 
did not leave early, prepared their 
l essor ihoroughhr. planned both 1 . •• 
the curriculum and disciplinary * 
arrangements jointly with - their * 

colleagues, organized lob of ~ 

school trips, ensued thai children , 
had good working conditions and •’ 
made themselves available to ~ 
discuss personal problems. 

None of this is surprising; it ' 
sounds like ordinary common r 
sense. Yet the extern of the : 
difference between the best and 
the worst school is remarkable. In ■ 
the best schools, children who bad V 
been assessed is London-wide 
tests at the age of H as being rathe * 
bottom 25 per cent of academic- jp 
ability were achieving at 16 as : 
good exam results as those in the \ 
top 25 per cent at the worn, 
schools. The simple person's , 
conclusion from this is that qual- 
ity can best be improved by 
keeping the system comprehen- - 
save and introducing in tb€ wont 7 
schools those features associated - 
with success in the best . 

But if you look back at that fist 
you will see that practically every ; 
item on it is being eroded by the . 
teachers' dispute: ft is a collection *' 
of good practices that depend on 
teachw commitment, and it is this " 
quality which the Government v 
has so carelessly and grievously . 

Interestingly. Fifteen Thousand 
Hours has been utilized fer more 
extensively in the United States ■* 
and Canada than in Britain. Here, 
its conclusions on balance of 
intake have been unc omfortable. , 
to the Conservatives, and its 
inconclusive findtngsorr resources 
unappealing to Labour. There are „ 
also andonboufly some within-the ; 
teacheiV -unions who reject the- 
Me a that internal, .rather than 
external, .factors are the main 
determinants ■" of success. The 
whole climate of e d uc ati o n in ’ 
recent years has not been one to 
favour tiie patient, concentrated ? 
school-based work of improve-, 
ment that is needed. . 

Six years ago, when I chaired the 
ILEA schools sub-oommittee, I ' 
commissioned a similar research - 
project in promaiy schools. This; 
week, its finding are finafly being* 
reported. Politicians seeking quick a) 
glory via . educational reform 
should be wanted; it doesrt . 
happen that way. 

The author is a member of the SDP* 
national committee. _ 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Fargie and the 

We are very lucky to have once 
again the services of General 
Galtieri as guest columnist and 
problem solver. Although being 
on trial for his life keeps him very 
busy, he still finds time to make 
the occasional trip to London and 
answer the latest batch of mail . 
waiting for him in the office. All 
yours. General 

/Is a distinguished commander 
and war veteran. General, do you 
think that President Reagan's 
" Star Wars" strategy wiu work? — 
J.T. of London WU. 

General Galtieri writes: My 
friend, can you think of any total 
defence system that has ever 
worked? They all start out by be- 
ing the ultimate in warfare and 
end up as tourist attractions, such 
as Hadrian’s Wall or the Great 
Wall of China. I happen to be- 
lieve that Russia and America 
will both become more worried 
about the economic success of 
Japan, which spends hardly any- 
thing on arms, than their own 
military threats.. 

Indeed, my spies tell me that 
the LISA is already evolving a de- 
fence strategy based on money. 

As you know, it has become com- 
mon in America to sue people 
for a million dollars whenever 
you sustain a light injury, and 
the case is almost always won. - 
Reagan is now seriously 
considering spending a large part 
of the defence budget on a 
crack team of lawyers who would 
sue an enemy for any damage 
sustained in war. The cost would 

be so punitive that the enemy 
simply could not afford to fire a 
shot at the Americans, This 
new plan, code-named “Law 
Wars” is very secret at the 
moment, so perhaps I had better 
not say any more. 

What, was the reaction in 
Argentina to the engagement of 
Prince Andrew?— H.K. of 

General Galtieri writes; Well, I 
will not say that the streets filled 
with rejoicing crowds at the 
engagement of Prince Andres and 
Princess Ffergie. You must 
remember that a large part of the 
Argentine republic was under 

.die impression that Prince Andres;, 
was the commander-in-chief 
of the Task Force. But we were all v 
very pleased that he is marry- -'ftf 
ing a girl with an Argentine step- 
father, which makes her 
respectable iin our eyes. 

There was a rumour in Britain ■ 
that Sarah Ferguson's stepfather — _ 
volunteered for the Argentine - 
forces during the Falkland* war. - 
but did not see active service, 1 ‘ ~ 
Can you confirm this?— S.M. of' 

General Galtieri writes: The . . 7 
truth is much stranger. Senor de 
Barrantes, as. you know, is an ' * 
expert polo player. As a.surprise 
weapon, we formed a crack 
polo regiment which was ready to 
be thrown into the last des- 
perate defence of Port Stanley - 
the unexpected is always effito-. \fft. 
tive, and we thought that the Brit-, 
ish troops would Be . 
disheartened if they were charged; . 
by a cavalry unit wearing ,* 

white crash helmets and swinging,, 
lethal mallets. Whether it’ ■* 

would have worked, we shall - i> 
never know, as the hearses were 'ft 
off their feed the day they were *, 
due to go into action. If you do 
not believe me, ask your Major- ; 
General Sir Max Hastings. He 
saw it all .. 

Any thoughts on Ian Botham, ' - 1-r 
General?— S.W. of Belfast. ^ 

General Galtieri writes: Ah, ~ ' 

P?°r,Ianl Wehave been fdUowinfr. 
the West IndtCs games quite .ft 
closely here, as a sort of revenge 
for our defeat, and these West " 
Indian bowlers who hurt the ball 
down like Exocets - some r. 1 

nombres. eh? But my heart goes i 
out to Sefior Bot ham. To be . *r : ft 

tbebig man on the defeated side,..* 
to be one minute the hero, the. •*-. 

next moment the villain, to be at-» 
tacked by the vile news- ■ 

T believe me, I know bow#. 
it feels. It is the story of my. i; ’ 
Ufe. I suppose that when he re- 
lurn^ he win have to go on' 
trial for his life as 1 did. I wiflai^ 7 . 
ways be ready to help him in ■ 
anyway lean. ’ 

Thank you. General - and ■■ • * ' 
keep those letters rolling in! 



1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 

Mr David Lange, the New 
Zealand prime minister 
.■teemed- to back away, in his 

. ; . BBC. radio phone-in interview 
yesterday, from what had 
■ been interpreted as a hint that 
France and New Zealand were 
; close 'to a solution of the 

• dispute over the Rainbow 
Warrior incident He re- 
affirmed his pledge that the 
: two French Secret Service 
agents now serving ten-year 
sentences in New Ze alan d for . 
manslaughter would not ■ be 
“released to freedom” under 
his government; and he agreed 
with a French caller that it was 
unrealistic to expect France to 
ifeep the agents in custody. 

In. an Australian television 
interview on Friday Mr Lange 

had said that the prisoners 
might be released to serve their 
sentences in ' France “or 
elsewhere”, and when 
what he meant by elsewhere 
had remarked enigmatically 
that . Fiance had a lot of 
territories. He did not repeat 
this remark yesterday, and 
7\ * r . indeed it is very difficult to see 
p ; iJvhow it could provide a solu- 
tion, since it would be politi- 
. .-^. cafly no easier for the French 
* ii 1: government to keep the two 
*agpnts in jail in a French 

• overseas territory than it 
would in metropolitan France. 
At most one can imagine that 
they would be “assigned to 
residence” in such a territory, 
or simply — since, both are 
members of the armed forces 
- given “duties” that would 
keep them there for a time. 
What French public opinion 
would not tolerate is that these 
two French citizens should be 
punished by the French gov- 
ernment for a crime which 
they committed on govern- 


ment orders — and the feet that 
the political colour of the 
government has changed since 
the crime-was committed does 
not alter this. 

Indeed the new French 
prime minister. Monsieur 
Chirac, while still leader of the 
Opposition, made some politi- 
cal capital out of his 
predecessor's failure to secure 
the agents’ release, and even 
threatened New Zealand with 
being considered “an ad- 
versary of France” if it insisted 
on keeping them in detention. 
Were he now to agree to keep 
them in detention on French 
soil he would expose himself 
to attacks from M. Charles 
Hernu, the former Defence 
Minister who took political 
responsibility for the attack on 
the Rainbow Warrior and 
thereby (curiously enough) 
visibly strengthened his politi- 
cal standing in the country. 

Whatever treatment the two 
agents received, once they 
were on French territory, 
would have, in order to satisfy 
French public opinion, to be so 
favourable that it would out- 
rage New Zealand public opin- 
ion. That circle is not going to 
be squared quickly, as Mr 
Lange acknowledged yesterday 
when be said that any transfer 
of the prisoners from New 
Zealand territory could only 
occur when they had already 
served such a substantial part 
of their sentences as might be 
followed by a change in the 
circumstances of their deten- 
tion if they were ordinary 

Most British sympathies in 
this affair win be with New 
Zealand — partly on straight- 
forward “kith-and-kin” 
grounds, partly because 

France's action in sinking the 
Rainbow Warrior was pal- 
pably both immoral and ill- 
judged (“worse than a crime, a 
mistake”, as Talleyrand would 
have said), and partly because 
the notion that individuals can 
be exonerated . from 
responsibility for c riminal acts 
on the grounds that they were 
acting under orders has been 
repugnant since the time of the 
Nurenberg trials. 

On the French side it should 
be said that France has ac- 
cepted responsibility for the 
crime, has apologised, and is 
willing to discuss compensa- 
tion; and that the two agents 
who were incompetent and 
unlucky enough to get them- 
selves caught were neither the 
actual perpetrators of the sabo- 
tage nor yet the originators or 
ring-leaders of the 
conspiracy. There was some 
justice, if no political realism 
in M Chirac's suggestion that 
M Hemu should offer to go 
and serve the sentence in their 

It is against the French state 
rather than against these two 
individuals that New Zealand 
has the strongest legitimate 
grievance. In some degree they 
have become scapegoats, and 
that is bad luck. But France 
should accept that it is un- 
realistic to expect their early 
release, and certainly unrealis- 
tic to expect the support of her 
European partners if she pur- 
sues the quarrel. Any attempt 
to use the already severely 
restricted access of New Zea- 
land products to the Common 
Market as a lever in this affair 
would be very ill-received 
elsewhere in the Community, 
and especially in this country. 


f i 

As Sweden's new prime min- 
ister sets out for the Soviet 
Union , both sides will feel a 
twinge- of regret when the red 
rarpef is rolled out for Ingvar 
Carlsson, and not for Olof 
Ralme. Moscow will -be dis- 
appointed because the late 
Swedish Prime Mmister’semi- 
. nence in the world of inter- 
. ; ■ national politics would have 
'.[[.‘been a diplomatic adornment 
for Mr Gorbachov’s foreign 
■sri policy; Sweden because Mr 
• ‘ Palme would have wielded the 
„ .personal and political weight 
. , in Moscow to press the case of 
Sweden and the West and be 

But if the occasion is less 
impressive than it might have 
been, foe opportunity is not. 
This is foe first visit to 
Moscow by a Swedish prime 
minister for 10 years — an 
unexpected record for a neu- 
tral country known in earlier 
years for its sharp condemna- 
tions of the United States. The 
visit was planned when Olof 
Palme was still alive, and foe 
fact that his successor has 
jerided to keep the appoint- 
ment nonetheless suggests that 
there is enthusiasm in Stock- 
holm and in Moscow to im- 
prove relations. 

^Indeed, the arrival of Mr 
Carlsson at the head of foe 
Swedish government could ac- 
tually make foe opportunity 

all foe greater. Mr Carlsson 
will not be inhibited, as Mr. 
Palme might have been, by 
having seen his country’s neu- 
trality violated by intruding - 
Soviet submarines while under . 
his stewardship, (not yet- at 
least). Nor, as a little known 
politician internationally, is he 
likely to be hampered by 
personal considerations of 
statesmanship. He can, while 
insisting that he is maintaining 
foe Palme tradition intact, 
actually start to reshape the 
Swedish-Soyiet relationship. 

For the Soviet Union, too, 
foe fact that it is Mr Carlsson 
rather than Mr Palme who is 
foe Kremlin’s guest this week 
has certain advantages. It frees 
Soviet leaders of foe obligation 
— often observed to the detri- 
ment of plain speaking — to be 
polite to their friends. 
Moreoever, without the 
distraction of Mr Palme's 
international stature. Moscow 
can concentrate on Mr 
Carlsson's position as leader of 
socialist Sweden. At a time 
when Moscow has renewed its 
interest in the idea of a united 
front between socialists and 
communists to combat US 
influence in Europe, the ar- 
rival of a leader from so classic 
a socialist country as Sweden 
will be especially welcome. 

This presents Mr Carlsson 
with two quite specific tasks. 

The first is to convince the 
Soviet leadership that he is just 
as serious about maintaining 
Sweden’s defences as . his 
predecessor was, and that 
Swedisb-style neutrality is 
something quite different from 
Finland’s wary fence-sitting. It 
will be especially important for 
this to be made dear if 
Moscow, as it may well do, 
floats once more the idea of a 
nuclear-free North for foe 
benefit of a new Scandinavian 

Mr Carlsson's second task 
will be to take over where Mr 
Palme left off in representing 
Western concern to foe Soviet 
Union, above all, on human 
rights and emigration. Sweden 
has its own cause to pursue 
here: foe case of Dr Raoul 
Wallenberg, foe Swedish dip- 
lomat who went missing in 
Budapest at the end of the war 
after saving thousands of Jews. 
According to some. Dr 
Wallenberg is still alive in a 
Soviet prison camp; foe Soviet 
authorities have denied this. 
But Sweden has also in the 
past interceded with the Soviet 
authorities for foe release of 
Dr Sakharov and other Soviet 
dissenters. To pursue these 
cases will not make Mr 
Carlsson popular in Moscow, 
but it would make his trip to 
the Soviet Union more than 


A common age 
for retirement 

From Mr P. G. D. Naylor 
Sir, Although the proposed 
changes in the consultative paper 
on sex discrimination and retire- 
ment ages are a step in the right 
direction, they are, as your leader 
suggests (April 3). a compromise 
which will still give rise to 

For example, as long as the State 
pension age remains 60 for women 
and 65 for men an equal retire- 
ment age in an organization of. 
say, 63 would have adverse impact 
on menu who could be forced by 
their employers to retire at 63 but 
would have to wait until 65 for a 
State pension. 

This institute was highly critical 
of both the Green and White 
Papers on the reform of social 
security for virtually dismissing 
one of the most fundamental areas 
in need of reform — ie the State 
pension age. 

The so-called “retirement 
decade” floated in the Green 
Paper appeared to assume a 
pivotal point of 65 without, 
however, equalizing foe Stale 
pension age. This, in our view, 
would do nothing to solve the 
problem of equality of retirement 
ages for men and women, which 
should be the prime objective. 

You correctly attribute the 
reluctance of governments past 
and present to make any moves on 
this issue, primarily due to the 
problem of costs. For example, the 
present Government rejected the 
proposal to equalize the State 
pension age at 63 (favoured by 
ourselves and by the House of 
Commons Social Services 
Committee) on the grounds that it 
would cost £500 million net a year. 

However, this calculation most 
make assumptions about (a) the 
pattern of retirement with 
changed retirement ages and 
flexibility; (b) the actuarial reduc- 
tion for earlier ret irem ent; (c) the 
level of tax and/or NI contribu- 

Each of these has its uncertain- 
ties and the second and third are 
matters for derision within gov- 
ernment control. We believe there 
must be some combination of the 
three factors which would achieve 
a tolerable cost. 

Back in 1980 we pointed out 
that no major social change, 
particularly one affecting pen- 
sions, can be implemented over- 
night, bat berause of the 
inevitable need for a transitional 
phase it is essential to set the long- 
term objective of a common 
retirement age now. This applies 
even more today than it did then. 

The Government can no longer 
afford to procrastinate is the hope 
that the problem will eventually 
go away. It will not. It would be a 
pity to wait for yet another push 
from Europe before putting our 
own house in order. 

Yours faithfully 
P. G. D. NAYLOR, Chairman, 
Branding Committee on 

Institute of Personnel 

Camp Rood. 

Wimbledon, SW19. 

April 7. 

Sport, cigarettes and television 

From the Chairman of the Health 
Education Council and others 
Sir, Cigarette advertising was 
banned on television in 1 965 
because of the public and political 
view that it was wrong to use such 
a powerful medium to promote a 
product which contributes to the 
premature death of 100.000 peo- 
ple every year. By moving into 
sports sponsorship, the industry 
has turned a restriction into a 
massive marketing opportunity. 

Your leader (March 31) calling 
for an end to this illicit advertising 
is welcome and timely. But the 
BBC must share as much blame as 
the tobacco companies for allow- 
ing children, in particular, to be 
exposed to cigarette promotion on 
such a scale. 

Tbe BBC is now transmitting 
over 350 hours of tobacco-spon- 
sored sport on television each 
year, providing the cigarette 
companies, at a fraction of the 
cost, with tbe promotional 
opportunities denied to them by 
the advertising ban. 

The BBC says it deals only with 
the governing bodies of sport, not 
with the sponsors. The cigarette 
companies are sponsoring tbe 
major televised sports because 
they are on television, and it is 
essential that the BBC takes this 
into account when deciding what 
sponsorship is acceptable. 

The Director General has re- 
cently reminded producers of the 
BBC's own guidelines on sponsor- 
ship. but the photographic ev- 
idence of recent tobacco 
sponsored sport on BBC TV 
suggests that neither these guide- 
lines, nor tbe agreement between 
the Minister of Sport and the 
Tobacco Advisory Council on the 
coverage of sponsored sport, are 
preventing audiences being ex- 
posed to blatant cigarette promo- 

Our main concern is the impact 
of such coverage on young people. 
While smoking among adults in 
the United Kingdom is declining, 
the recent Office of Population 
Censuses and Surveys research 
shows 4 1 percent of school leavers 
are smoking. Confronted with 
such alarming statistics it is worth 
remembering that: 

a) Three quarters of secondary 
school children say they see 
cigarette advertising on television. 

b) Children make up a large part of 
the audience for televised sport, 
including tobacco-sponsored . 
sport. Neatly 50 per cent of 
children between seven and 15 
watched pan of last year's Em- 
bassy World Snooker Final. 

c) Cigarette companies sponsor 
only 1 0 per cent of ail sport. but 50 
per cent of the major televised 
sporting events. 

As organisations concerned 
with the biggest cause of prevent- 
able death in the United King- 
dom. we believe it is now a matter 
of urgency for the BBC to re- 
examine its attitude to tobacco- 
sponsored events and the impact 
they are having on young people. 
Yours sincerely, 

BRIAN BAILEY. Chairman, 

Health Education Council, 


Chairman of CounciL 
Imperial Cancer Research Fund. 

Chairman of Council, 

British Med ical Association. 

R. HOFFENBERG. President. 

Roval College of Phvsicians. 
Chairman of Council. 

Cancer Research Campaign. 


Chairman of Council, 

British Heart Foundation. 

Health Education Council, 

78 New Oxford Street, WC1. 

April 10. 

Pariahs please 

From Mr V. J. Downie 
Sir, The anti-smoking lobby has 
gone too far! May I first establish 
my qualifications for joining in 
this debate: Z did not smoke 
heavily until I was nearly 14 years 
old, but since then I have actively 
inhaled the smoke from approxi- 
mately 900.000 cigarettes. 

1 cannot quantify my part in tbe 
latest craze, “passive smoking”. 
From time to time I stop smoking 
altogether, and am thus able to 
appreciate and understand the 
distaste which non-smokers feel 
for me and my kind. 

We are used to. and meekly 
accept, the humiliation of being 
treated as pariahs: we are herded 
into “undean" areas in res- 
taurants, trains, aeroplanes and 
cinemas . . . and in theatres, 
churches, and the Loudon Under- 
ground we are not allowed to 
smoke at all. 

Almost every shop in the coun- 
try has a notice on its doors 
forbidding entry to smokers and 
dogs. I have no objection to this: I 
know that I smell, and I prefer 
dogs to some of my non-smoking 

We accept that by smoking we 
are more liable to heart disease, 
halitosis, cancer of tbe lung, and a 
number of other afflictions . . . but 

when we are told that by contract- 
ing these diseases we are increas- 
ing tbe nation's health bill I have 
had enough. 

As a retired surgeon I am 
familiar with almost every known 
method of passing into the here- 
after, and at the age of 73 I can 
anticipate my own impending 
demise in the not loo distant 

Experience in the Army and as a 
doctor has convinced me that 
there are only three entirely 
satisfactory ways of taking one's 
leave from this troubled 
worid.One is to be instantly 
extinguished by bomb, shell, or 
bullet Tbe second is to have a 
catastrophic heart attack, and the 
third is to die under an anaesthetic • 
on the operating table. Ail three 
will cause distress to the nearest 
and dearest but absolutely none 
to the victim. 

In so far as smoking can be said 
to contribute to the second of 
these mishaps, it is of proven 
benefit to the public purse, for the 
only expense necessarily incurred 
is that of a modest funeral. 

1 am, Sir, your obedient servant 

2 Inglewood Close. 


Bognor Regis, 

West Sussex. 

April 3. 

Hospital pressure 

From Dr. D.X Foster 
Sir. At the end of yet another 
financially disastrous year for the 
National Health Service, the 
country is faced with _ further 
dismantling of the basic acute 
services while being lulled into 
complacency by announcements 
af new investments. 

Consider foe case of Rochdale. 
(Eighteen months ago 56 beds were 
xmoved from the acute sector in 
>rder to reduce “over-spending 
i.e.. to compensate for non- 
fending of pay awards and 
increasing costs of providing 3 
aarely adequate service in a 
district with major social depriva- 
tion and poorly developed 
immunity services). 

The service staggered on. push- 
ng a similar number of patients 
hrougb foe reduced bed com- 
plement (with consequent strew 
jn the reduced nursing force). 

Managing so increasing propor 
ionoipatienis as day 
urine to foe bone ancillary, 
idmfoistrative and other non- 
:finkal staff numbers. 

Now. still unable io balance foe 

xjoks, m are 

■ninent closure of a father 

ieds. the redundancy of 10U or 

« all to 'j"' 

edundanev of ax consultants 
natch, and •'reorganisation or 
unior medical staff rotas 
Mace expenditure on cover at 
rights and at weekends. 

The beds tost from acme genemi 
nedicinc-tbc largest 
would be expected to hou« LOW 
intiems in a year. 2 ft-i 00 of^b 
fc'ould be likely to die » hospital. 

depending on the mixture of cases. 
Without mis number of beds, foe 
remainder wifl rapidly be filled 
with patients of longer stay 
requirements; depriving us of tbe 
ability to admit many of those 
whose admission is most likely to 
determine foe outcome of their 
acute illness. 

With cuts in other departments, 
“bed-borrowing" will be ex- 
tremely difficult. and 
neighbouring districts will be un- 
able' to shoulder our burden. 
Primary care facilities in the 
community, already inadequate, 
will be overwhelmed and lives will 
undoubtedly be lost. 

There will be no chance for 
community-based services to be 
built up before the cuts are made, 
and the vicious circle begins. 

“Safe with us", foe Government 



Birch Hill Hospital, 



Return of Eros 

from Mr Ashley Barker 

Sir. It is good to know Eros is 
attracting attention in these col- 
umns on his return. Mr Frank T. 
Smith (April 2L raises again the 
question of foe direction m which 
Eros should point and suggests 
that foe statue should be pointing 
towards Shaftesbury Avenue. 

This su^estion has been made 
on a number of occasions, but 
appears to be without toundation. 
Pbotographic evidence dating 
from 1893 (when the memorial 
was erecied) onwards, shows 

deafly that Eros always pointed 
towards Piccadilly. 

Indeed, it would have been 
churlish had he done otherwise, 
since foe bust of Lord Shaftesbury 
which adorned the low wall orig- 
inally surrounding the base of the 
memorial was placed on the side 
nearest to Piccadilly, and the 
statue was shed to face over the 

Wifo regard to foe slight bias 
away from foe perpendicular 
shown by foe statue's supporting 
leg, (correctly observed by Mr 
Derrick -L. Bowler, April 4), we 
can be sure that this is also 
intentional, as is confirmed by 
comparison with foe original plas- 
ter model for the limb. 

It is clear, therefore, that Gilbert 
considered tbe distortion to be 
necessary to convey the effect he 

The truth of the story about the 
rebus on Lord Shaftesbury’s name 
is far less certain. There appears in 
fact to be two contradictory 
stories: one claims that Gilbert did 
intend the downward pointing 
bow and foe absence of an arrow 
to indicate a shaft buried in foe 
ground: foe other foal be consid- 
ered foe idea of such a pun to be 
the “grossest form of ignorance*’. 
There can be no certainty which 
story, if either, is true. 

Yours faithfully. 

ASHLEY BARKER, (recently 
Surveyor of Historic Buildings to 
the Greater London Council). 
English Heritage. 

Historic Buildings & Monuments 
Commission for England, 

Chesham House, 

30 Warwick Street, Wl. 

April 7. 

Hope for S Africa 

From Professor Roland Oliver 
Sir, I agree with Dr Conor Cruise 
O’Brien (feature, March 29) that 
white minority rule in South 
Africa is most likely to be ended 
eventually by outside military 
intervention based on foe self- 
interested collaboration of foe 
superpowers. Indeed, any cata- 
strophic level of civilian casualties 
incurred in tbe course of insurrec- 
tion and repression might make 
that situation immediate. 

Of course one must continue to 
hope that it will not happen that 
way. But the only credible after- 
native is that white politicians in 
South Africa should succeed in 
persuading their constituents that 
radical change is the only way to 
prevent outside military interven- 

For that to be possible, there has 
to be much more public dis- 
cussion by governments and in foe 
world press of tbe logistics and 
conceivable scenarios of outside 
intervention. It will have to be 
done convincingly enough to pro- 
vide South African politicians 
with their tal king-points. 

1 suggest that wfaat we have 
learned about foe psychology of 
minority electorates, in Kenya and 
Zimbabwe for example, is that 
human beings can be remarkably 
adaptable once convinced that 
radical change is utterly in- 
evitable. This gives cause for a 
little hope. 

Yours faithfully. 


Frilsham Woodhouse. 

Nr Newbury, 


March 31. 

Violence in Ulster 

From the Reverend D. C. Johnston 
Sir, Your say today, (leading 
article, April 10) that if foe 
Hillsborough agreement “cannot 
be defended ... against blatantly 
vicious and illegal intimidation, 
then very little improvement of 
life in the Province will be 

I submit the opposite is foe case, 
for. prior to this agreement the 
murder and violence statistics 
were at their lowest for over a 
decade. Besides, ihe IRA clearly 
perceives that Hillsborough is no 
threat for their murder campaign 

The only effect of Hillsborough, 
so far. has been to alienate tbe 
entire Unionist community from 
tbe government - thus giving the 
hoodlum Unionist element unwit- 
ting moral support 

Hillsborough is . to Unionists 
what Munich is to most British 
people today. It will be recalled 
that Mr Chamberlain's claims of 
“peace with honour" had wide- 
spread support here, then. It wifl 
also be recalled that foe 193S 
motion in Parliament approving 
the Munich agreement was carried 
by 366 votes to 144 - a warning 
against Parliament's infallibilism 
over Ulster today. 

Politics is the an of tbe possible. 
Hillsborough must be repeated or 

Yours faithfully. 


90 Lawn Avenue, 

Great Yarmouth. 

April 10. 

From Mrs Jane Prior 
Sir. You were kind enough to 
publish a letter from me immedi- 
ately following foe announcement 
of foe Hillsborough agreement last 
November. I closed by saying that 
foe young people of Northern 
Ireland would not lightly forgive 
those politicians who were not 
prepared to give the agreement a 
fair wind. 

At this moment it appears that 
neither young people nor poli- 
ticians are seeking that wind. After 
three years in Northern Ireland I 
am among foe many who love and 
wish foe Province welL Unless, 
and until both sides are prepared 
to give ground to each other - to 
take foal first step that hurts foe 
most - 1. for one. begin to question 
why I should continue to care. 
This feeling could be catching - 
and perhaps lead to serious con- 
sequences for foe Province. 

For heaven's sake, talk it 
through and work it out! 

Yours faithfully. 


36 Morpeth Mansions. 

Morpeth Terrace. SW1. 

April 7. 

From Mr R. Edgeworth Johnstone 
Sir. To whom are foe “Ulster 
Loyalist*’ extremists being loyal? 
They seem to be at war with 
everyone else, including us. 

Yours faifofulfv. 

7 Clarendon Mansions. 

East Street. 



April 9. 

• - ■> 


APRIL 14 1945 

Franklin Delano Roosevelt was 
born January 30 1882 and died on 
April 12 1945 when his fourth 
term of office as the 32nd 
President of the United States 
was less than three months old. 
His first inauguration was in 
March 1933 and he is the only 
president to serve more than two 
terms — to which tenure the 
presidency is now limited 
following an amendment in 1951 
to the constitution. 


C 1 


From Oar Own Correspondent 
The whole American nation 
mourning a lost leader who died in 
the hour of triumph. Far into tbe 
night crowds of sad, silent people 
gathered in front of the White 
House, which had been President 
Roosevelt’s home for 12 years. 

This morning every newspaper 
pays its tribute to a great Presi 
dent, and an avalanche of messages 
of condolence continues to pour 
into the White House. The people 
have been touched deeply by the 
warmth of feeling expressed in the 
messages from oversea, especially 
tbe message from Marshal Stalin, 
and the deep sense of personal loss 
evident in Mr. Churchill’s telegram 
to Mrs. Roosevelt and the simple 
eloquence of bis remarks in the 
House of Commons. 

President Truman, who was 
sworn in last night, with the 
current president*] term less than 
three months old. said: ‘"The world 
may be sure we shall prosecute the 
war on both fronts, east and west 
with all the vigour we possess, to a 
successful conclusion." He imple- 
mented these words by authorizing 
Mr Stettinius to continue with the 
arrangements for the San Prandso 
conference, and requested all mem- 
bers of the Cabinet to remain in 


Mr. Truman drove to the White 
House early this morning, and 
during tbe day held a conference 
with the nation's leaders to discuss 
the continued prosecution of the 
war at top speed 
He has proclaimed tomorrow a 
day of mourning and prayer 
throughout the nation. It is also 
announced that Mr. Truman will 
address a joint session of Congress 
in tbe near future. 

In his proclamation, Mr. Tra 
man said of President Roosevelt 
that be lived to see the assurance of 
victory but not to share in it- His 
fellow countrymen would sorely 
miss his fortitude, his faith, and his 
courage, but “tbe courage of great 
men outlives them to become the 
courage of their peoples." 

The Secretary of State. Mr. 
Stettinius, in a formal statement 
this afternoon which was issued 
with President Truman's approval, 
said that there would be no 
“change of purpose or break in 
continuity" in American foreign 
policy because of President 
Roosevelt's death. 

Funeral services will be held 
tomorrow afternoon in the East 
Room at tbe White House, after 
which tbe train will leave for Hyde 
Park, where the interment will 
take place. 

ITbe whole hemisphere has de- 
creed periods of official mourning 
for the man who pursued the good 
neighbour policy. In Brazil. Presi- 
dent Vargas has proclaimed three 
days of official mourning. National 
mourning has also been decreed by 
President Farrell, of Argentina, 
and a memorial service will be held 
Buenos Aires CathedraL The 
Cuban Cabinet bas ordered three 
days of mourning from today. 

Amateur boxing 

From the Director General of the 
British Safely Council 
Sir, If your reader, Robin 
Gowfland (April 3) really believes 
that in amateur boxing the objec- 
tive is not to hurt the other man, 
then he is living in a fools’ 

1 suggest he goes, mixes with 
and listens to amateur boxers and 
hears what they really think. 
While he is at it, he might note 
that in tbe main they do not have 
the skills to duck, weave-and ride a 
blow, as do most professionals. 
Yours faithfully. 

JAMES TYE, Director General, 
British Safety Council 
National Safety Centre. 
Chancellor's Road. W6. 

April 4. 

Oxfam in Nicaragua 

From the Chairman of Oxfam 
Sir, Tbe charges of your col- 
umnist Roger Sermon (April 8). 
concerning Oxfam's integrity and 
effectiveness must be answered. 
He queries whether Oxfam funds 
are honestly raised and wisely 
spent accusing Oxfam of propa- 
ganda on behalf of foe Sandinisia 
government in Nicaragua. 

Oxfam's book on Nicaragua, as 
with other Oxfam publications, is 
based on long experience of 
working directly with poor people 
there. Our report points both to 
achievements in ihe relief of 
poverty and ihe difficulties en- 
countered, among which is foe 
destruction wrought by the 
Contras. The book is intended to 
convey our aid and development 
experience and use rational 
persuasion to end the sufferings of 
peasant communities entangled in 
tbe spread of conflict. 

Tragically, with aid pro- 
grammes in over 70 countries (of 
all political hues — in Chile no less 
than Nicaragua), we are receiving 
increasing demands for Oxfam 
funds io give humanitarian assis- 
tance in the world's conflict zones. 

There can be few charities that 
go to such trouble to give fall 
details of how donors' money is 
spent and to share with its 
supporters what it is doing. We 
believe that the tremendous 
breadth of support which Oxfam 
has across foe country is largely 
due to its honest and open 
presentation of its accountability. 
We think Mr Sermon's accusa- 
tions and queries are unworthy of 
your newspaper. 

Yours faithfully. 



274 Banbury Road, 


April 10. 

‘English Sunday 9 

From Mr Lewis F. Sturge 
Sir, With foe debate in foe House 
of Commons on foe Sunday 
trading Bill about to take place, 
the bench of Bishops is trying to 
influence opinion by what seems a 
wholly fallacious argument 
namely that the “English Sunday" 
is somehow a Christian institu- 

It is nothing of the kind. It is 
simply foe Mosaic law of the 
Sabbath quoted verbatim in foe 
Book of Common Prayer from foe 
Old Testament (Exodus, xx) 
which was introduced into foe 
England by foe Puritans in their 
fundamentalist “back to foe 
Bible" crusade in foe seventeenth 

Incidentally, at the same time 
they also introduced the second 
commandment in foe Mosaic 
code prohibiting “graven images". 
The damage done to Peterborough 
Cathedral during foe Common- 
wealth is a sad reminder of this. 

In the light of foe foregoing, 
may I. Sir. through your columns 
issue a challenge to the Bishop of 
St Albans. In the event of foe Bill 
being defeated will he undertake 
to pick up a hammer and smash 
every statue and stained glass 
window in his cathedral or, if not, 
write a letter to you giving his 
reasons for his refusal? 

Yours faithfully, 

Cottersiock Halt 
Near Oundle. 

Peterborough. Cambridgeshire. 

AD above board 

From Mr R. ,L Longmire 
Sir. .An advertisement on page 29 
of today’s issue (April 9) requires 
foe services of a French-speaking 
secretary with floorless English. 
Apart from experience with word 
processing, mentioned in the job 
description, perhaps the ability to 
levitate would help! 

Yours faith fully. 


Little Bookham Street. 

Bookham. Surrey. 

April 9. 

wetnfi T 15. Then May fii TCroSe). 

[ sive distinguishing feature. 

John Percival 

nui) uvy*' 

Sarah’s husband) were reject- 
ed by a people whose life had 

Sarah Hemming 

ning. though, was Eugene 
Bozza. The operas, ballets and 



inn. I iivi£j > JvlO m-iUL jff jj^OO- 






April 12: The Prince Andrew, 
Patron of the Badminton 
Association of England, this 
afternoon opened the National 
Badminton Centre at Milton 

His Ro>al Highness was re- 
ceived by the Vice Lord- 
Lieutenant for 

Buckinghamshire (Mr 

J. M. A. Paterson t. the Chief 
Executive of the Association 
(Air V'jce-Marehal G.C.Lamb) 
and the Chairman of the Coun- 
cil of the Association (Mr 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 
April 1 2: The Princess Margaret. 
Countess of Snowdon. Grand 

President of the St John Am 
balance Association and Bri- 
gade. today attended the 
Regional Presidents’ Con 
Terence at Bamber Bridge, 

Her Royal Highness was 
ceivcd' on arrival by Her 
Majesty's Lord Lieutenant for 
Lancashire (Mr Simon 


The Princess Margaret 
Countess of Snowdon, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen’s Flight, was attended by 
Mrs Elizabeth Blair. 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
Life of Dr Alastair (Sandy) 
MacKcnzie. Regional Medical 
Officer for North West Thames 
Regional Health Authority 
1077- 1 982. will be held on 
Monday, April 28. at St Paul’s 
Church. Knighisbridge, Wilton 
Place. London. SWl, at noon. 


Vtscour.r Cbewion 
and Miss M.A.A. Fumess 
The marriage took place on 
Saiurdav at All Saints'. Little 
Shelford. Cambridge, of Vis- 
count Chewion. elder son of 
Earl and Countess Waldegrave. 
of Chewton House, Chewton 
Mendip. Somerset, and Miss 
Mary .Alison Anthea Fumess. 
daughter of the late Sir Robert 
Fumess and of Lady Fumess. of 
Little Shelford. Cambridge. The 
Rev S.C. Taylor officiated. 

The bride was given in mar- 
riage by E>r Hillary Wayment 
and ihe Hon William 
Waldegrave. MP. was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bnde and the 
honeymoon will be spent 

Mr P.C. Monk 
and Miss A-M. Farmbrough 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St Andrew’s. Bed- 
ford. of "Mr Paul Charles Monk, 
eldest son of Mr Herbert Monk 
and Mrs Olive Co*, and Miss 
Alison Mary Farmbrough. 
daughter of the Bishop of Bed- 
ford' and Mrs Farmbrough. The 
Bishop of Bedford officiated, 
assisted by the Rev Anthony 

The bride, w-ho was given in 
marrriaee by her brother, Mr 
Richard' Farmbrough. w-as at- 
tended by Rebecca Waller. Hel- 
ena Steam. Miss Lucinda Cox 
and Miss Dawn Monk. Mr 
David Monk, brother of the 
bridegroom, w-as best man. 

A reception was held at 
Bedford School and the honey- 
moon will be spent in the West 

The Hon F.C-4.J. French 
and Miss J.M. W ellard 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday in the Crypt Chapel of 
the Palace of Westminster of the 
Hon Fulke Charles .Arthur John 
French, eldest son of Lord de 
Frevne and Mrs William 
Manser, and Miss Julia Mary 
Wellard, only daughter of Dr 
and Mrs James H. Welland. 
Canon Trevor Beeson and Dom 
Anthony Sutch officiaied. 

The bride was given in mar- 
riage by her father and Mr 
Richard Hunter was best man. 

A reception was held in the 
House of Lords and the honey- 
moon will be spent abroad. 

The Hon J.R.C. King 
and Miss C-M. Jessop 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at Harrington. 
Lincolnshire, of the Hon Rupert 
King, youngest son of Lord King 
of Wannaby and the late Mrs 
King, and Miss Cherry Jessop, 
only daughter of Mr R.B. Jessop 
and the late Mrs Jessop. 

Mr N.A. Girklns 
and Miss CJV15. CzernjB 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday ax the Church of the 
Immaculate Conception. Farm 
Street, of Mr Neil Giridns, son 
of Mr Gerard Giridns and the 
late Mrs Girkins. of Bordeaux, 
and Miss Chari one Czernin, 
eldest daughter of Mr and the 
Hon Mrs Joseph Czemin. of 
London. SW7. The Right Rev 
Patrick Casey. Mgr .Alfred 
Gilbey. the Rev Thomas 
Dunphy. SJ. the Rev John 
Girkins. SJ. the Rev John Lang. 
SJ, and the Rev Kenneth 
Nugent SJ. officiated. 

The bride, who w-as given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Sam. Audc and 
Aveline Rimbaud. Violaine and 
Marine Lecointe. Michael 
White. Alexander, Henrietta 

and Laura A deque and Miss 
Isabelle Czemin. Mr Peter Far- 
rar was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
Dorchester hotel and the honey- 
moon will be spent abroad. 

Mr J.R. Mauds lay 
and Miss A. Lothian 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at the Church of St 
Peter and St Paul. Shareham. 
Kent of Mr John Rennie 
Maudslay, son of Major Sir 
Rennie and Lady Maudslay. of 
Bradboume Street SW6. and 
Miss .Alexandra Lothian, youn- 
ger daughter of Dr and Mrs 
William Lothian, of Shoreham. 
The Rev Dr G.S. Simpson 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by William White. 
Patrick Fowler. Francesca Fell, 
Alice Dickie and Emily 
Constantinidi. Mr Anthony 
Constantinidi was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon will be spent 

Mr T J. Mills 
and Miss P.M. Betts 
The marriage look place on 
Saturday at .AH Saints'. Biding. 
Kent of Mr Timothy Mills, son 
of Sir Peter MiUs. MP, and Lady 
Mills, of Priest com be. Crediton, 
Devon, and Miss Priscilla Betts, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Stewart Bens, of The Old Manor 
House. Offharo. Kent The Rev 
Struan Dunn officiated, assisted 
by the Rev Bruce Duncan and 
the Rev Bertie Berdoe. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by James Collin, Lou- 
ise Critcher, Gemma Crockatt 
Miss Celia Betts and Miss Clare 
Pierce. Mr Jock Dalrymple was 
best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon will be spent in 

Mr F. Nicholson 
and Miss L. Stonrton 
The marriage between Mr Frank 
Nicholson and Miss Lavinia 
Stouiton took place on Sat- 
urday. April 12. at St Gregory’s 
Church. Bedale. North York- 
shire. Canon Frank Legard 
officiated and the blessing was 
given by Dom Mathew Burns. 

The bride was attended by 
Mamie Scott Lucy Nicholson, 
Rosie 2 nd Caroline Nicholson, 
David Buchanan Dunlop, El- 
eanor and I vo Stourton. Mr 
LieU Franklin was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
bride’s home. Arbour HilL Pat- 
rick Brampton. 

Mr P.G. Wake 
and Miss A.M . de CL. Leask 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday in the Chapel of the 
Order of the Bath. Westminster 
Abbey, of Mr Philip Gregson 
Wake, eldest son of Mr and Mrs 
Geoffrey Wake, of High Barns, 
Sunderland, and Miss Anne 
Leask, youngest daughter of 
Lieutenant-General Sir Henry 
and Lady Leask. of Manor 
Fields, SWl 5. The Right Rev 
Edward Knanp-Fisher and the 
Rev Alan Luff officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Bryonie and Iona 
Leask. Mr Howard Elsey was 
best man. 

A reception was held at 
Church House. Westminster, 
and the honeymoon will be 
spent abroad. 

Clifford Longley 

Search for Anglican identity 

On receiving the letter Saepius 
Officio from the Archbishops 
of Canterbury and York in 
1897, Pope Leo XIH is said to 
have remarked that he wished 
his own cardinals could write 
Latin of such elegance. The 
rest of his response is not 
recorded, and it has taken 80 
years for Rome to comment 
further on die matter at stake: 
the validity of Anglican Holy 

The archbishops' letter was 
nevertheless an important 
statement, in its own terms, ol 
what Anglicanism was abouL 
Most of the detail of Saepius 
Qfficio, which was drafted in 
fact by Bishop Wordsworth of 
Salisbury, was a point by point 
refutation of the bull 
Apostoiicae Curiae, by which 
Pope Leo the previous year 
had declared Anglican orders 
“absolutely null and utterly 

In its general conception, 
however, it was about Angli- 
can origins and definitions, to 
which contemporary Angli- 
canism could well look back in 
its search for a more precise 
raison d'etre now. It is also an 
essay on the limits to diversi- 
ty. a recurrent Anglican preoc- 

Rome's bebted return to 
the debate about order, in a 
recently published letter from 
Cardinal Willebrands to the 
chairmen of the Anglican 
Roman Catholic International 
Commission, coincides with a 
new statement of the ground 
upon which Anglicanism 
stands, a report from the Inter- 
Anglican Theological and 
Doctrinal Commission. 

In For the Sake of the 
Kingdom the commission 
tries to face problems hardly 
existing when Saepius Officio 
was being written. Anglican- 
ism then very largely meant 

the Church of England. Now il 
means 26 autonomous prov- 
inces. united by loyalty and 
affection to each other and to 
the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

The existence of a world- 
wide church raises questions 
of authority and identity, for 
instance over the issue of 
women priests and bishops, 
which need common basic 
principles by which may be 
judged what is true to the 
Anglican tradition and what is 
not. Those principles are to 
some extent hinted at in For 
the Sake of the Kingdom. 

The report addresses the 
question of plurality in ihe 
Anglican Communion, and 
finds it a virtue, indeed a 
particularly Anglican virtue. 
Anglicanism was originally a 
transplanted faith, an up- 
rooted Church of England in 
foreign soil, but it has since 
had to adapt and climalize to 
widely different cultures, not 
even all English-speaking. 

Nevertheless, the experi- 
ence of Anglicans all over the 
world is that they are still 
consciously part of the same 
family, whatever their various 
cultural adaptations and lan- 
guages. The commission's 
task was to try to describe and 
express that sense of some- 
thing in common which is 
stronger than all the 

The presence of diversity 
within Anglicanism has in the 
past provided an excuse for 
“anything goes", the Inter- 
Anglican commission admits. 
But it believes the unifying 
and identifying principle of 
Anglicanism has to be some- 
thing more positive. 

The report is not very clear 
what that is: there is a tenden- 
cy to resort to vagueness and a 
sort of sociological mysticism 
which makes a virtue of not 

being able to say exactly what 
is meant. But premature defi- 
nition is a worse rice, and 
world-wide Anglicanism is a 
relatively new phenomenon, 
in the rime-scale of Christian- 
ity itself. It is difficult all the 
same to imagine the Inter- 
Anglican Theological and 
Doctrinal Commission writ- 
ing Saepius Officio. That had 
the ring of certainty, and of the 
necessary confidence to ex- 
press iL 

ft was marked, first of aiL by 
certainty that the Church of 
England was the historic Cath- 
olic church of the English 
people, which happened, for 
reasons well known, to have 
fallen out with the rest of the 
Catholic Church. 

Pope Leo was addressed as 
“our venerable brother” and 
the appeal was made to him 
and to “all other bishops of the 
Christian church settled 
throughout the world" by the 
archbishops and primates of 
England. It argued that the 
tradition was common to all 
of them, so discussion could 
take place between them on 
how io apply it 

Thus if the Church of 
England had varied the rite for 
ordaining priests - part of the 
case put by Apostoiicae Curiae 
- it was an answer to show that 
similar variations had been 
accepted in the past. 'Hie 
English primates did not of 
course agree that the Bishop of 
Rome had the authority to 
rule the Anglican rite out of 
order, but they felt h impor- 
tant to state very carefully to 
him and to bishops every- 
where - by which they must 
have meant Catholic bishops - 
why they differed. 

They dearly did not think 
of themselves as “bishops of 
the Anglican Communion”; 
they were simply bishops of 

the church. So questions of 
diversity should be settled by 
referring back to the common 
tradition of the church. The 
1662 Anglican rite, they 
claimed, passed the test. It was 
within generally accepted lim- 
its: and if Rome had investi- 
gated fairly and honestly, they 
implied, it would have had to 
say so. 

By contrast, Anglican diver- 
sity as discussed in the 1986 
report is self-authenticating. 
The reference is not to Rome 
and “Christian bishops settled 
throughout the world” nor to 
the common tradition they all 
inherit, but to an innate sense 
of Anglican-ness . . 

In 1897 the Anglican 
Church could seek to authen- 
ticate itself as the ancient 
Catholic church of England: a 
world-wide Anglican Commu- 
nion has no such origins to lay 
claim to, and therefore no 
such frame of reference by 
which to regulate variations 
and difference^. 

There was something defi- 
nitely shared between Pope 
Leo and the English primates 
in 1897, in particular common 
ground rules for discussing the 
permitted limits to diversity, 
which no longer seems to exist 
between their present-day suc- 
cessors. And it no kmger 
seems to exist within the 
Anglican Communion itself 

That suggests that such 
questions as the ordination of 
women priests and bishops are 
not just hard to solve but 
incapable of solution, except 
by a further dose of “anything 

For the Sake of the Kingdom ; 
Church House Publishing. 
Great Smith Street, London 
SWl; £2 95. 

Saepius Officio; Church Lit- 
erature Association. Faith 
House, 7 Tufton Street, London 



Mr SJ. Arthur 
and Miss R& Hood 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen James, only 
son of Mr and Mrs P.B. Arthur, 
of Ox ted, Surrey, and Belinda 
Susan, younger daughter of 
Lieutenant-Commander A.H.E. 
Hood, RN. and Mrs Hood, of 
Enion Green. Godaiming, 

Mr J.H. Bartlett 
and Miss LC. Drake 
The engagement is announced 
between Justin Hugh, son of Dr 
and Mrs Martin Bartlett, of 
Woodbridge, Suffolk, and Lou- 
ise Charlotte, eldest daughter of 
Mr and Mrs George Drake, of 
Crosby, LiveipooL 

Mr N.S.K. Booker 
and Miss V. Molloy 
The engagement is announced 
between Niall only son of Mr 
and Mrs P.K. Booker, of "The 
Fawn”, Arbeedie Road. 
Banchory. Scotland, and Val- 
erie. younger daughter of Mrs K. 
Molloy and the late John 
Molloy. of Stillorgan, Co Dub- 
lin. Ireland. 

Mr S. Burke 
and Miss P-C. Walsh 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, only son of 
Mr and Mis Noel Burke, of 
Gosforth, Newcastle upon 
Tyne, and Pauline, second 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Wil- 
liam Walsh, of Whitley Bay. 

Mr J.R. Gemmill 
and Miss EA. Davies 
The engagement is announced 
between James Richie, youngest 
son of Mr and Mrs James 
GemmilL of Salt Lake City, 
Utah, United States, and Eliza- 
beth Ann, eldest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs John Davies, of Penn, 

Mr J J*.W. Farrar 
and Miss MJJH. Bowlby 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, elder son of Mr 
W.O. Fairer and of the late Mrs 
Hope Fairer, of Femhurst. Sus- 
sex, and Maria, second daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Peter Bowl by, of 
Liphook. Hampshire. 

Mr A.P. Finn 

and Miss AJ, Bracken bttry 
The engagement is announced 
between Anthony, younger son 
of the late Mr Patrick Finn and 
of Mis Margaret Finn, of Deal. 
Kent, and Mandy, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Ben 
Bracken bury, of Etchingham, 

Mr M J J. Hayes 
and Miss L.L Gregory 
The engagement is announced 
between Marcus John Percy, sou 
of Mr and Mrs R.P. Hayes, of 
Trysiill Staffordshire, and Lou- 
ise Amanda, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs A.F. Gregory, of 
Caversham. Berkshire: 

Mr AJ*. Lawson 
and Miss GSA James 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, son of Rear- 
Admiral F.C.W. Lawson and 
the late Mrs Lawson, of Brad- 
ford on Avon, Wiltshire, and 
Genevieve, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs J.B. James, of Brighton. 

Mr CJ. Mackaruess 
and Mrs GF. Grenfell 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, only son 
of Mr J.G. Mackaruess and 
stepson of Mrs Anne 
Mackaruess. of San Francisco, 
United States, and Clare, only 
daughter of Mr and Mis H.L. 
Maddjck, of Cobham. Surrey. 
Mr W.A. MacRae 
and Miss E.B.Q. Adams 
The engagement is announced 
between Alistair, son of Mr and 
Mis John MacRae, of Mount 
Vernon, Glasgow, and Bridget, 
daughter of the late Mr Brian 
Adams and of Mis Caroline 
Adams, of Torteval, Guernsey. 


Chinese furniture 
fetches top prices 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

Birthdays today 

Professor Sir Robert Bradiaw, 
81; Miss Julie Christie. 46: Vice- 
Admiral Sir Geoffrey Dalton. 
55; Sir John Gielgud. CH. 82; 
Mr Ivor Guest, 66; Lord Has- 
tings. 74: Major-General Cyril 
Lloyd. 80: Mr Julian Lloyd 
Webber, 35; Mr Michael 
Maclagan. 72; Mr J. 
McLaucblan. 44; Colonel 
R.AA.S. Macrae. 71: the Right 

Rev Michael Marshall, 5& Bar- 
oness Masham of Ilton, 51; Mr 
P.G A. Ramsay, 60. Professor 
J.M. Roberts. 58; the Ven R.H. 
Roberts, 55; Mr Rod Steiger, 61; 
Sir Pfcter Thompson, 58; Bar- 
oness Warnock, 62; Baroness 
Wootton of Abinger, CH, 89. 

A memorial service for the 
Right Rev Anthony Otter will 
be held at St Wolfram's, 
Grantham, at 3pm today. 

Sotheby's bad a fine s ele ction 
of the Chinese decorative arts 
on offer in New York at the 
end of last week bat got a 
mated response from bidders, 
with a total of £1 million and 
30 per cent left unsold. 

The sale was divided into 
three sessions, each of which 
scored roughly the same m- 
'soW figure whether nineteenth 
century paintings made for 
Western visitors, jades or 
fnmitare were on offer. 

Top prices foe furniture 
were mainly amend Sotheby’s 
pre-sale estimates. The excep- 
tion that proved the rale was a 
fine hnali partners* desk dat- 
ing from the eighteenth centu- 
ry which sold for 518,700 
(estimate $6,000^8,000) or 
£ 12 , 222 . 

The knee-hole form fa a 
Western one, with three draw- 
ers across the top and two 
more in each of the pedestals. 
The dean geometric tines of 

the piece are, however, densely 
embellished with scroling lo- 
tus steins carved in high relief. 

The picture section also 
contained a fascinating relic of 
the early links between East 
and West, * sd of 16 
en {pavings of the Emperor 
Qiaalong’s victories over the 
Eleuths between 1755 and 
1760. which sold for S38300 
(estimate $40,000-550,000) or 

The highly ornamental 
drawings of these Hutitzry 
scenes were made by French 
-and Italian Jesuit missionar- 
ies working in China at the 
request of the emperor. The 
drawings were sent to France, 
where Louis XVTs court en- 
graver, Charfes-Nkholas Co- 
chin, made the engravings. 

The engravings were accom- 
panied by a manuscript of the 
16 poems wri tte n by tire 
emperor commemorating tire 
events de pic te d. 

Appointments in 
the Forces 

BEAU gQp&S? 

Rh OarnSrioHu* in* 

to be DOR 

Kerr, to be 

HO0g In October 

CWTAWS: D A Bu t I PWi ua n.MOO 
lUodm). Sevujutier 19: RJ. Haber. 

fLoiwkmC October 17. 
commanders: P.M. Franklyn. 
MOD < London;. August 8: SLR. .M qig. 
EDINBURGH, to Cxnd. September 16: 
W L.T. P eppe. MOD iPortteMO. April 
7. 1987; R.C. Swales. MOD (West 
Byneeti June 2: D. Thommen. HQ 
BALTAP. AlrtUSl 4. _ 


P.F ~ — 

22 : 



CAPTADst&^Ai. ^Goddard. May 2: 
Perry. May 24. 


OmD 2 MOD. Abril ID. 
colonels WJL Barker, to MFO 
sinai. awb ll; CJV- Taylor, to HQ 

BA OR. Aprfl 11. 

REME. to be OC Wtap Tech Bt 
REME-APrtl 7: D-A- -Cranston AAC. 
IO be CO 4 Rest AAC. April 7: F R. 
Fall* RAOC. to HQ BICESTER Car. 

GLOSTERS. to Staff Cottage. 
7: R.C. Gardner RCT. 

• . Aorfl T-. CCL HoHom ; 

to hq i (BR) Cons. Asm 

AR£. HulcMnson RE. to st 
o to 

Udrrson. DRAK E • February 20 J 967: 
P.F.R. Tooey. COOtRANE. Auers! 
22; D C. Wbyte. BRNC. Oep tinifo eT 


Deputy Surgeon General _ 

and Deputy General of tile 
R-AJ'-M«8cal Services from AprtLto 
euecMatati to Air Marshal Sir John 

i JUU- Eanoo, to be 
_ Ordnance Board from 

£S°w “ BrtsatUer 

21; J.W. 

appointed Cotonrt Commandant The 
Ulster Defence wept m em. April j 980. 

— * Royal Scot 
lied, Cokmel Commandant The 
Defence ResimeM. April J 980. 
In succession to BrtgadW Iteiu y 
Josenn pan** Baxter CTE OM. 
tenure expired. 

HOSTC for Staff dunes. ADm 7: 
R J.M. David, io Rome m Ah- Attache. 
April IO: R. Chambers, to RAF 

R-DEktor. j to 

Si: PT - teker - to 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and Li Memoriam 

Barms, MAa&aees, 

SA a + >5% VAT 

(minimum 1 Lines* 

Announcement!, authenticated tty ihr 
name and permanent address of (fjc 
sender mv be sent to 

PO BOX 484 
Vorgfcsla Street 
London El 

01 (deplumed f&y [Cfejrtone sMnrnb- 

cn only! io 01-481 3024 
Amnwnarmrmi can be received Sy 
Jcktdwrw beimeen 5 fltae and 
£ tUpm Moiidi) ro Frida v on Saiur 
day tei ween Q 00 am and 12 noon 

(01-481 4000 Onfr)- For paMa- 
tion (be Mkwiw day 
fKAOO, WCPMNGC, aeon Court 
and Social Past: £» a One + 1S<% 

Coon and Social Pagr announce- 
ments can not be acccpiedc by 

tdcpbObc Enquiries to 01-322 

9953, or jend to t ~ ’ 

StrMi. I- Mi d an gl 

For ut us yam inr Lord CO** » 
bold, r even I. will Mb search 
my am. and «n them aaL 
EzeKiei 34. 11 


ADAMS - To Vanessa incr Sher- 
broaiftt and Roger, on Wit Anri) 
1986. a son (George Henryi 

ARMSTRONG - on lUh April 1986. ai 
West London HospfUJ. to Rasmwry 
(ti ee W alken and Sean, a dauqhier. 

CRITTER - Paul and Susan mee Har- 
ms! proudly announce liw b*nh of 
their lirsl child, a son. James Paul 
bom 25Ui March 

COATES - On 1 1 in April In BaUi. Io 
Rosemary info Paynei and Julian, a 
daugMer. Eleanor Rosemary, a swer 
for Sarah. 

CALLAGE - Oft 9Ih April. 10 Catherine 
nice Galbraith i and Bruno, a daugh- 
ter. Nicola, staler for Mlmia. 

GRAHAM - on Apru 7th tn Doncaster, 
to Evangeline and David, a son. 
Matthew John, a brouter for Sarah. 
Thomas. Christopher and 

ROSE - on March 22wL m VlrtfiXa. 
Vi S -A. to Victoria tnee Mactew) and 
George, a daughter. Amanda Helen. 
VAHTREEN - On the loth April 19B6 
to Sarah <nee Warner) and Stephen, 
a son Edward John, a brother tor 

WHITE - on 11th April, to Susan (nee 
McCarthy) and Graham, a daughter. 
Alice Catherine, a suler for Anna. 
IfflLKWSOH on 10th April Io Karen 
(nee Welch) and Chris a son. 
Matthew Dow (Wtatet) 

WRAPSON on lCUl April 1986 In Lon- 
don to Deborah tnee Sorinzi and 
Greg a son. Daniel Alexander James- 
YOXALL at Taunton on 9th April 
1986 Io Ntdar tncePrtcei and Harry 
a son. Edward. 



On Saturday I2ih April 1986 at Si 
Paul's ChJpperfleM Mr Adrian 
O'NeiU of London and Miss victoria 
Stringer of ChlpperfieM Herts. * 


BEVAN David on HUi April. 1986 
peacefully ai home ui Btedlngtoii. 
Dearly Joiefl husband, father and 
grandfather. Cremation private 
(oUoived by service of Thanksgiving 
at SI Leonards Church. BfedUtgton. 
1 1.30 am on 16 U 1 April. All welcome 
but a memorial service at 
Shrewsbury School witt be an- 
nounced later. No flowers, but 
donations If desired for Shrewsbury 
House Liverpool to W J Wright. 
Funeral Director. Wed Lane. Stow- 
on the- Wold. OousterstUm. 

SOSSDM, On April 9th. Oavfd 
Lawrence aged 37. after a long and 
courageous right against cancer. 
Beloved husband of Janet and loving 
lather of Elizabeth. Funeral at 
Randalls Parte. Lealherticad on 
Thursday 17lb April al 2.00pm. 
Family flowers only. donaUorta U 
d eared to Princes Alice Hcsptce. 
Esher. Surrey. 

CAPRON - on April to. peacefully in 
Peterborough General Hospital. 
Ronald Siuekburgh. Honorary 
Canon Emeritus of Birmingham, 
aged 85. Funeral 12 noon. Wednes- 
day April 16. at Peterborough 
Cathedral, rotlowed by burial at 

EVEKARO - Mario rle Adelaide, aged 
9a of CoggeshaU. and Aldeburgh. 
peacefully on l lih April. Funeral at 
Aldrlngnam Church. Thursday April 
17th al 2pm. Garten flowers only, or 
If wished a donation to Aldeburgh 
Cottage Hospital. 

FRANCIS Or Friday AorU nth 1986. 
Susan. Mary Macfeod. belov ed wife 
of John Francis of Uwynhellg, 
Uandeilo. Funeral Thursday April 
171b at St Telio's Church. Uandeilo 
at Donations lo The British 
Red Cross Society if desired. 

KAGGAS - on 9th April, peacefully in 
hospital. Geoffrev. aged 86 years: 
dearly lov ed husband of Ann. father 
and grandfather. Funeral service at 
CtmrcftsUnlon Church, tl am. Fri- 
day 18th April, followed by Private 
cremation. Family flowers only. 

> suddenly on Aprfl touu In 
Wimbonw. Dorset. Neville, dearest 
and loving husband and falter, deep- 
ly mourned by rus wife Meg. son 
John, and daughter Kirsty. Further 
sundries in Charles Small A Son Fu- 
neral Directors. IS West Street. 
Wimborne. Tel: Wimbonw 882372. 

K0RSBU8GH - On April 9th 1986. 
peacefully at tils home in Broadsiairs 
In his 76Ui year. Robert Joseph «Bob- 
fcrtej dearly loved husband of Bill, 
dear father of CTinstopher. step-fa- 
ther of Michael and grandfather of 
Paul and Susan Funeral service al 
our Lady Star of the Sea. 
Broaosom. on Tuesday 15th April 
at 1 1.50am. 

MAYNARD - Theodore E. Founder 
and Chairman Of the Board of Na- 
tional Utility Service lne.. New York, 
on Wednesday April 2nd ai the 
North Ridge Community HospUaL 
Ft Lauderdale. Florida. He was 81 
years old and a resident of Manhat- 
tan and FT. Lauderdale. Mr Maynard 
Is survived hy 5 sons: Ted of London. 
England. Robert of Deal. New Jer- 
sey. and Lawrence of Manhattan. 

McCLEAH on April 10 tn Ms 79th year 
and after a short illness. John 
Newsam (Jack), beloved husband of 
Peggy, father of Bin and Penny, step 
rather of Richard and loving 
grandfather and. great grandfather. 
Service of Ihanksgtvuig ai St Peters' 
Church. Stodtngtan. CDencester on 
Friday. April 18th at 2J50 pm. 
Family flowers only. 

McDonald . on apto roth. at 
Hoilinglon House. East Woodhey. 
Margaret Roper McDonald, late of 
Barn Orafl. East Woodhey. aged 93. 
Private funeral at East Woodhey on 
April 16th. at 2pm. Family flowers 

MEDLYCOTT- Sir ChrtMoper 
Modlycott 8 Baronet on 11th ApriL 
in Yeovil Hospital. Funeral at SL 
John The Evangelist. MUborne Port. 
Thursday 17th April flits Birthday) 
al noon, followed by inlernwnl al 
Sandford Orcas (family only). No 
flowers, but donations to Royal Sail- 
ors Rests. C/O: CH. Cook A Son 
Funeral Dfrecfore. 8-11 Bond Street. 
YevvU. Somerset. Tel: 23465/4. 

PR IM ROS E - peacefully at home, on 
t lth April 1986. Helen Mary, dearly 
loved wile of Andrew, much loved 
mother of David and AliSOfi and 
daughter of the late David and Emma 

RV9SELL-BT0NEHAM April 30*. 
peacefully al Guys Hosollal. Basil 
HUI. In his 7lsl year. Beloved hus- 
band of Loma and loved father and 
grandfather. Funeral service at Holy 
Trinity Church. Penn. Bucks, at 12 
noon on Thursday April 17*. 
Family flowers only, hut If desired 
donations to British Heart 

RYDER - on 9ih AorU 1986. peacefully 
at Maries' House. Winfrtlh New- 
burgh. Dorset. Dudley Claud Douglas 
(Jack), aged 84 years, of Remostone. 
Corfe Castle. Private family funeral 
followed by Memorial Service to be 
announced later. 

50WERBY • on Thursday 10 th April, 
al The Witten Hospice. .vhUon 
Keynes. Sue. wife of George, mother 
of Alice and Thomas, aged 39 years. 
Funerai Service at SL Mary’s. 
Padbury. on Thursday 17th April, al 
2-30 pm. Flowers to Heritage A Sons 
Funeral Directors. Winslow. 

SYMPSON on April 10 th 1986 peace- 
fully after a short Illness. Gttftort 
Spiarefl. For foneral arrangements 
contact A. France and Son Ud. Tel: 
Ol 406 49 01. Family flowers only. 
Donations u d es i red to the Actors 
Church Union c/o SL Rauls Church 
Covent Garden. 

VANN - On April 8th. peacefully ax her 
home In BexhfU-on-Sea. Ethel Vann, 
aged 93. widow of Harry Hlrans 
Robert Vann of CMstohunL Kent 
Private fluieraL No flowers please, 
but If dotted, donations to the Ar- 
Ihntta and Rheumatism Council for 
Research (AftO 41 Eagle Street 
London WC1R 4AJL 

WHISKER. On tun April, peacefully 
in hospital. Ethel Agnes of 64 
Monastry Gardens. Enfield. Dearest 
wife of George Whisker and mother 
of Howard. Funeral at EnfleU Ore. 
matorimn on Tuesday 22nd April at 
2 00pm. Family flowers only please, 
Donations K desired io Ileostomy 
Research, c/o Mr F BuckUnd. 87 
Teniuswood Road. Enfield. 

WIG KTMAN - Suddenly at home in Ed- 
inburWi on the 6Ui April 1986. Helen 
Mary, dearest mother a i Anthony. 
Nichole. Nigel and the late Michael 
Qstrowskl. Darting granny to GflUan 
and Caroline. Service In St John's 
Church. West End on Monday 14fh 
April at 1050am. to winch ad 
friends are invited. Cremation there- 
after private, flowers may be sent lo 
the church. 



The Funeral Service for 
Francis Edward Sorner will take 
place on Monday April 21 st. at 12-50 
pm. In SI. Mary Bredrti Church. Can- 
terbury. followed by committal at 
Barham Crematorium. Family now- 
era only please. If so wished, 
donations may be made fo the 
Abbeyfieu Canterbury Society. C/o 
Lloyds Bank. Canterbury. 



Mrs Gerald (Bridget) Wtaams will be 
hem at St John* Omrch. New 
Attesford. H amp s hire on Wednes- 
day. Aprfl 23rd at 2J0pm- 

BAILWARD - EUeenl A Service of 
Ttianksgtvtrtg wU be MU on Friday 
April 26th at 2.3QPOI at AO Saints 
Church. MUtord-an-Sea. .Donations 
in her memory at the Churehis the 
Doutfas Bader Foundation. 

BREEN There win be a Memorial Ma* 
for Arthur Vivian Breen MBE MC 
Cnrix de Guerre avec Palm*, hew In 
the Chapel of the Convent of me As- 
sumption. 23 Kanington So. London 
W8. on Saturtay April 19th at ti 

BYKAJTT . A Memorial Service tor 
Derek Byram wih be held si St Maty 
At Mill Parish Church. LovatsLane 
London ECS at 12 noon on Tuesday 
22nd April 1986. 

WHELDOH - A Sarvfev-ofThantagtv- 
tog for the Life of Sir How wnddon. 
former Managing Otnoor BBC Tefe- 
vHon. wfll be bew at weamtoster 
Abbey Noon en Wednesday 7 May 
1986. rttore wishing to attend ** 
invited to wtdy for newt Uk The 
Receiver GeneraL Room 7. 20 
Dean's Yard, wo tm uau t Abbey. 
London SW1P SPA. enaostog a 
stamped addressed envelope by not 
later than Wednesday 23 April. Tick- 
ets will be posted on Wednesday SO 
Aprfl. AH are wetcome. 


HOLDER - Professor Douglas FJLS. 
Re m em b e re d always with great love 
and gratitude by Barbara and family. 

MOUNT AW - Jack, on Ms birthday. 



Private secretary to 

Princess Manna 

Sir Philip Hay, for many 
years Private Secretary to 
Princess Marina. Dudjess of 

Kent, and Treasurer to her 
son, the Duke of Kent, died on 
April 7 aged 68. 

Philip Hay was born at 
Bengeo House near Hertford 

in 1918 and was educated at 
Harrow and at Trinity Col- 
lege, Cambridge, where be 
read history and acquired his 
great love of books, pictures 
and music: At the outbreak of 
the second World War, he 
joined the Hertfordshire 
Yoemanry and, after the fell of 
Singapore in 1942, experi- 
enced the horrors of the 
Burma Railway. He returned, 
like many others, with his 
health impaired but his appre- 
ciation of man's more civi- 
lized achievements enhanced. 

After a period of recupera- 
tion, spent largely in Italy, he 

joined the pjcta^depaxtn^ 

of Spinks- 

in 1948 nunicdLadyMarg* 

re*r ‘w-vfflOUT Wh0. ITUTO IS**, 


had a cotnnw 
devotion to tiieir emjwoyws. 
Xhe\ bad three sons and it «* 
ateiter Wow to the femly 
when Margaret d»dm 19731 
During tlw 1950^^ 
1960 's Philip Hay uasFrrose 
Secretary to PrjnM 
He was thus ctos«y invoked 
with her children as they grew 
up. In later years, he was to 
arrange extensive toura 
abroad for them and for 
Princess Marina, m particular 
io African countries lira be- 
ing granted mdependencfc 
Those eari> “Royal toms • 

represented a new conceptaM. 

a significant pan o! tofflr 
success was due to his diligra*-: 

Marina in 1968, Philip joined 
Sothebys and so returned to 
the art world he loved. He was 
an erudite member o f two 
leading artistic and filerary 
societies the Dilettanti sod 
Hakluyt his reading was 
eclectic and prodigious; bis 
mem on- of pictures formida- 
ble. He bad a warmth and a 
breadth of understanding 
which made him a wise coun- 
selor. He leaves many books 
and many friends. 


Professor Leonid 

Kantorovich, the prominent 
Soviet economist who shared 
the 1975 Nobel prize for 
economics, has died at the age 
of 74. 

Kantorovich achieved not 
only the esteem of Western 
colleagues but the approval of 
the Russian authorities too. 

Boro in St Petersburg on 
January 19, 1912, he studied 
at Leningrad University and 
at various times ftdd rftairs 
there, at the Leningrad Insti- 
tute of Industrial Construc- 
tion Engineering, and at the 
Novosibirsk State University. 
His speciality was mathemati- 
cal economics and he was an 
expert on linear programming, 
a mathematical technique for 
optimising the use of scarce 

His paper Mathematical 
Methods of Organizing and 
Planning Production, pub- 
lished in 1939, earned him the 
disapproval of the more tradi- 
tional Marxist economists and 
it was almost two decades, 
until after the 20th Party- 
Congress in 1956, before he 
could test his theories. 

In his Economical Calcula- 
tion of the Best Use of Re- 
sources (1959), which was 
translated into English in 
1965. Kantorovich outlined 
the main theme ofhis work. In 
particular, he emphasised the 
importance of a rational pric- 
ing system in planning the 

Among his specific propos- 
als was a selective employ- 
ment tax to encourage a more 
rational deployment of la- 
bour. The tax would be dis- 
bursed through a special fund 

which subsidised enterprises 
offering work in areas where 
employment opportunities 
were most limited. 

Kantorovich also suggested 
the training of seasonal work- 
ers in a second job, wnh 
farmers, for example, being 
found jobs in canneries during 
slack periods. He also advo- 
cated the creation of more 
part-time jobs, especially for 
housewives and pensioners. 

In ihe 1960s, when ecotiom- 
ic reforms began to be intro- 
duced, Kantorovich was 
convinced that the use of 
mathematical techniques for 
planning would bring about a 
swift increase ia the Soviet 
national output Thfa was norr 
to be. and it became dear that' 
the technique bad its 
iimriations. . 

From 1971-76 Kantorovich 
was head of the research 
laboratory at the Institute of 
National Economy Control in 
Moscow. • He was much 
honoured in his own country, 
twice r e ce ivi ng the Older of 
7-gnin- Then ia .1975 he was 
declared joint winner of die 
Nobel economics prize with 
the Dutch-boro Yale econo- 
mist Trailing Koopraans. In 
that same year, Kantorovich’s 
distinguished compatriot, the 
dissident physicist Dr Andrei 
Sakharov, was awarded the 
Nobel peace prize: 

The Soviet authorities, 
amid speculation that Sakha? 
rov would be allowed to leaver 
to Oslo to collect his prize on 
the same day that 
Kantorovich would travel to 
Stockholm to collect his, is- 
sued an exit visa to 
Kantorovich atone: 

Parliament fills week 

COMM ONS. Toa»y CL3Q>: Shops BflL 
Tomarrovf^cXaj: Timetable motion 

wtdneada^cS^OK Agrfcatbttv Btu. 
remaining steam. 

Thursday (2j5j: Mate on Alliance 
motion on education. Debate on 6NP 
and Plato- Cymru motion an regional 

Ertatay *9-30* Private MeabtrC mo- 

LORDS. Today (2.30): Sex 
Dtjrrlmiiiarton BBL report. 
Tomorrow <2-5ar. Educodan BflL 
committee, errand day. 

Wednesday C2JOI: Debates' on 
Grendon Prison: on the (motet In- 
dustry: and an sizewea. 

Thursday csr. E duc at ion BtKL c onw n tt - 
lee. Odra day. 

Wilson’s School 

Trinity Term bttins today and 
ends on July 18. Half-term is 
from May 26 to 31. Mr Norman 
Frisfcney has been appointed to 
the governing body in place of 
die late Mr Leslie ADchorae. 
W.R. Jackson remains sdtool 
captain. The captain of cricket is 
N.M. Kendrick and the ykx- 
captain is K.T. Mir. CCF field 
day is July 13 and sports day is 
May 23. A meeting for parents 
of boys joining the school in' 
September will be held on the ' 
evening of June 19. 

Science report 

Safer, cheaper way of 
making plastic ahead 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

A new industrial rerohrtSaa is 
in the offing, replacing tradi- 
tional ow aufa rtBri n g gf pl»fc- 
tics, detergents, 

pharmaceuticals and agrioul- 
tmaJ chemicals. 

They will be safer processes 
because they avoid the high 
temperatures and high pres- 
sures of present methods. And 
they wfll be cheaper because 
they use less feel than «W 
needed to provide the heat 
energy for stimulating the 
chemical reaction. 

The way of injecthq; the 
energy at ordinary room tem- 
peratnres depends on discov- 

eries made in a new branch of 
science known as 
sonoebemistry. Reports of ex- 

perimental schemes were pre- 
sented at the first meeting in 
the world derated to this 
subject, doting fee annul 
conference of fee Royal Soci- 
ety of Chemistry at Warwick 
University. . 

Contributors fo the gather- 

synthetic rnbbber 
so noc he mis try. Prof 
Philip Bondjonk, of J 
Dakota State Unhetsity 
an industrial plant won 
operating in just over a 
The development 
sonochemfatry came fin 
ctiance observation in 
mtory that chemical 
tions coaid be triggere 
ultrasonic Station of Iu 
But it retmuned a text 

It works when a pro 
placed m the liqald, em 
swMdwaves of a father 

“SJ* at 

PT^ eSH ’W c h are in effec 
tefebles bat under faun 

jraJ reactions occur. 

chemistry is ne 
feent exists to carr 

Germany, Switzeriaad, Cana- 
da and the United Steles. Bat 
results from one of foe leading 
academic research gnnps in 

Britain, presented \n Dr Tim 
Mason,- of Coventry 
(Lanchester) Polytechnic and 
organizer of the event, showed 


not on the scale that 
BMter examination 

industrial uBamrag, were 
completed 20 times more 
qnirkly than by the existing 
methods. _ 

Describing the production of 

»g!W companies, ‘ 
devices a 
fogaeminB ceH 
plants and tissues 
components can be 
»*■ genetic engine 

Modified design; 
"Wreactors for then 
Plant n«, 
®gy firm. Life 



i*i ~ >• 

■} .. S , 


1 !t-v . 

•' i •• * 





i • ^ 

-- X 

"*7j \ vT 

m view 

a It most be an nmqa^Iy disqui- 
^.eting experwnce to discover, 
. ni* settlkg down to a Saturday 
. njgbt’s viewing, that yon have 
been shopped to Scotland 
Yard. That was the jott in 
- store for the jmng .Depart- 
ment of Trade deck whom 
- 20/20 Vision (Channel 4) had 
filmed on the pretext ‘of pre- 
W»* a programme abort 
:-everyday life in London; they 
were in feet maWn; Spying for 
fhu Comrades* a solemn and 
rafter' bitty report on the 
.. : "Jtthods used by t fee 'Eastern 
'j Bloc's agents to trace defectors 
■ .and recruit bread-and-butter 
spies, among whom the derk 
i to ^ omnbered. 

“ uniting . commentary from 

- .^e -former M15 intelligence 
officer Cathy Massiter entered 
f predictable plea for Britisb 

j intrtKg eace to lay off the peace 
.movement —.a se ntime n t tm- 

- ’lately to appeal to the former 
Defence Minister Michael 

- Heseltine who dominated The 
._ late CSve James (TTV, Satur- 

• day). Urbane, amused, alert 
and with his hair well mrder 
• control, Mr Heseltine demon- 
strated his true forte, which is 
as a talking head; his fellow 
gaest Antony Jay, scriptwriter 
®f. Yes, Prime Minister , ; 
evinced a somewhat excessive 
^ garrulity; and ' then host 
" showed once again, in his 
ghastly introductory one-lin- 
ers, that his true talent lies in 
' glib caption-writing. * . . 

Mr James's valedictory 
ciaim, “it's been a fascinating 
'conversation", could hardly be 
applied to the verbal ex- 
changes in The South Bank 
Show (LWT, Sunday), which 
was devoted to the pbenome- 
‘ non of Brookside, the Liver- 
pool soup which draws 
Channel 4’s biggest -audience. 
Its creator Phil Redmond took 
Mel vyn Bragg on a graded tom' 
of the real bousing develop- 
ment which booses . nothing 
bat the production company's 
offices, video editing suites 
and wardrobe store, and 
adroitly sidestepped the 
interviewer's attempts to give 
the soap a significance it does 
not possess; that was left to 
Laurie Taylor, to Charles 
Stnrridge (*Tm a. fen") and to 
the scribes who- write the 
wretched thing. As Mr _ Red- 
mond observed, explaining his 
own switch from, scripts to 
production, .“Writers are at 

- the bottom of the pile in TV — 
even below the-actors 7 '. \ 

Martin Cropper 


titcratf -min ttt-llas ■jft-ccta . — 

* ‘Jv iCtCcwC - 

^ eb' 

tnrwttc 7 fmitt 

Art-lovers preparing to visit Rome 
this summer will find 
Michelangelo’s roof of the Sistine 
Chapel undergoing an amazing 
transformation: on the occasion of 
the completion of the first section 
of the vault, Gianluigi Colalucci, 
who is in charge of the restoration, 
talks to Nigel McGilchrist 

will need to be 

“My backside has vanished into the 
curve of my back; my face looks like 
a coloured pavement from the 
drops of my brash . . .” Alongside 
the sonnet in which Michelangelo 
describes in such terms the agonies 
of working on the vault of the 
Sistine ChapeU he has added in the 
margin a sketch of himself at work, 
dashed off with blissful simplicity. 
To one man, four and three-quarter 
_ centuries later, that pose is very 
‘ femitiar. Working more slowly than 
Michelangelo, and with expertise of 
a different kind, Gianluigi Colalucci 
spends* much of his day on a 
scaffolding not so very different 
from Michelangelo's. Five years ago 
he- began a routine check on the 
frescos of the Sistine ChapeL He has 
ended up piloting a restoration 
work which will necessitate the 
rewriting of many pages of the 
history mart. 

The removal of Vkcm of dirt and 
candle-smoke, of salty deposits 
from the leaking root and the gums 
and applications of many previous 
restorations, has been like removing 
a thick veil from Michelangelo's 
work. It has changed what we see of 
Michelangelo; it has changed the 
vision of hundreds of years. “It is a 
terrible responsibility for us", says 
Qrialuecii “because around that- 
jdinuned and smoky view of Michel- 
angelo a whole culture had formed 
itsd£ It is a great probtenrio change 
that vision — and many will not 
accept the change- We are so used to 

mined things and darkened paint- 
ing that it is literally a shock for us 
to see something so fresh and dear." 

Who are these people who do not 
accept it? “Principally artists. The 
art historians and critics have been 
delighted: their response has been 
overwhelmingly good. But some 
painters remain tied to what they 
saw before. In the nineteenth centu- 
ry there was a genuine fear of colour 
— think of D’Annunzio, for example 
— and we are still the heirs of that 
fear. But Michelangelo was as 
Tuscan and as Renaissance in spirit 
as coukl be, and he worked, 
therefore, precisely and boldly in 
areas of pure, pure colour. What we 
are revealing in the Sistine Chapel 
is, I genuinely believe, something 
very dose to how the frescos must 
have seemed when they were paint- 
ed. Their state of conservation 
underneath is unbelievably good — 
in feet, we would never have 
undertaken the work if this had not 
been the case. 

“This is due to an unexpected 
feet. The technique which Michel- 
angelo used in the Sistine Chapel 
'reminds me very much of someone 
working in watercolour. Although 
the pigment' is strong and pure, the 

rai paint layer is so thin and 
wash-like that it hardly forms a 
‘skin’, and consequently, the dam- 
aging salty deposits from dampness 
and infiltration have simply passed 
through the surface, leaving it 
intact, instead of pushing it off the 

lament (m a 
sonnet of 151 1 
to Gtovanno da 
Pistoia) and 
and Gianlt 
with his 
Manrizio Rossi 
applying solvent 
to the vault of 
the Sistine 
Chapel roof 

wall as happens in so many cases 
with fresco. The colours are so thin 
and pure that the varying degrees of 
while of the intonaco beneath 
illuminate them from behind" 
About one third of the vault has 
been cleaned at present; the rest 
remains as before. Seeing, as a 
visitor, the two areas side by side is 
an extraordinary and disquieting 
experience. It is rather tike hearing 
the Fortieth Symphony of Mozart 
suddenly transposed £nom the mi- 
nor into the major key. It is easy- to 
understand and even to share that 
nostalgia for the dirty, old Michel- 
angelo. The new Michelangelo is 
stupendous when seen dose to, or in 
detail; but, viewed from below, it 
has an almost gaudy brilliance. It 
will take many years for it to create 
its own aesthetic and the taste by 
which it is to be appreciated In the 
meantime, we must learn again a 
Renaissance taste, and unlearn our 
19th-century predilections. No bad 

“What I would say to those who 
come to visit the chapel this year", 
says Colahicci, “is: ’Tiy to put out of 
your mind the values of Baroque 
and Romantic ait, and all that came 
after Michelangelo. Try to enter into 
the mentality of the Renaissance 
man and his whole culture.' Michel- 

angelo was apprenticed to the 
workshop of Ghirlandaio. Like alt 
Florentine workshops, it was ruled 
with a rod of iron: in it one simply 
did not make mistakes. And that 
clarity and purity and boldness 
which we see in the Sistine Chapel is 
the very essence of those Florentine, 
Renaissance values. 

“Working so close to the surface, 
we can dearly see the divisions of 
the giornaie (the areas of plaster 
applied wet and completed in one 
day’s work by Michelangelo), the 
points where the cartoons were 
attached — all the evidence of the 
classic fresco-painter’s technique. 
Some very small areas of copying 
were entrusted to assistants, but 
what is dearer than ever is that on 
the majority of the frescos. Michel- 
angelo worked alone and with 
almost unknown rapidity, adjusting 
and distorting his figures continual- 
ly so as to compensate for the 
optical changes caused by distance 
from the floor and the curve of the 
surface he was painting. Sometimes 
the speed and concentration with 
which be produces his effects, seem 
never to fet up. 

“I see Michelangelo as the great 
architect of painting A few years 
ago I had the opportunity to work 

on the Titians at Padua. Nothing 
could be more different Colours 
flow offTitian's brush as if it were a 
fountain; one brush-stroke contains 
the remains of another, previous 
colour. Michelangelo, on the con- 
trary, is of a cleanness and precision 
that is unequalled. There are never 
more than three tones of the same 
colour, and they are applied inde- 
pendently in a thin wash: the whole 
sculptural effect the whole Sistine 
Chapel, is achieved with these 
minimal means." 

I had actually asked Dr Colalucci 
whether, having worked so close 
and so long with the artist, he really 
liked Michelangelo's style. The 
understandable way in which the 
restorer had evaded the question 
pinpoints its irrelevance: the con- 
cept of “liking" Michelangelo is 
slightly beside the point, just as 
would be the concept of “liking" 
Moses or Marx. The Sistine Chapel 
is an almost superhuman tour de 
force, epic in dimensions and 
dogmatic in spirit With the recent 
cleaning, it is just those values 
which appear now bolder and more 
magnificent than ever before; It has 
always been difficult to get very 
close to the spirit of the Sistine 
Chapel: now that it is cleaned, it is 
like trying to get close to a trumpet 



Screaming Blue 



While Hiisker Du continue to 
carry off the bouquets, the 
Screaming Blue Messiahs 
from London were back in 
town to offer a genuinely 
challenging variation on the 
guitar-trio formal. 

They were lifted from ob- 
scurity by a heavily endorsed 
appearance on Whistle Test in 
1984. when their drummer. 
Kenny Harris, feigned illness 
to get the day oft work from 
the high-street bank where he 
was then employed. He did 
not look too well at the 
Marquee. As the constant 
battering he applied to bis kit 
dislodged the tape protecting 
an already raw finger-wound, 
be looked for succour to the 
bullet-headed singer/guitarist 
Bill Carter. But Carter, look- 
ing like a crazed Eric von 
Stroheim in one of his evil- 
genius roles, was not about to 
indulge any backsliding, and 
launched straight into the next 
number, bare fingers strafing 
his battered Telecaster with 
careless abandon. 

There was no dalliance with 
pop melodies or traditional 
song structures with this trio. 
Their appeal was strictly relat- 
ed to their sinister, grimy riff 
patterns, grown like malignant 
cultures from a long-deceased 
tissue of blues, and the repeat- 
ed bursts of furious, destruc- 
tive noise that recalled the 
exhilaration of seeing Pete 
Townshend. in the early days 
of The Who, literally destroy 
his equipment on stage. 

The magnetic Carter in- 
toned his cabbalistic messages 
in a heavily-echoed tuneless 
drawl, while Chris Thompson 
played bass patterns that col- 
lided like pounding slabs 
against the rhythm of the 
words. “Good and Gone", “I 
Want Up” and “Lei's Go 
Down to the Woods and 
Pray" were the best of a 
collection of vigorous, morbid 
songs that single-mi ndedly 
distilled the root element of 
aggression inherent in rock 
music, and bore down with 
implacable, escalating force 
on the capacity crowd, mes- 
merized like moths beating 
against the deadly glare of a 
neon light. 

“Messiahs" may be pitching 
it a bit high, but they are a 
fascinating band who deliver 
an unique thrill. 

David Sinclair 


Classic role magically transfigured 

't . 



Romeo and Joliet 

Covent Garden 

It is not easy to — . 


.. jJid to transfigure and fllumt- 
naie the role of Juliet in foe 
Royal Ballet’s femitiar pro- 
duction at Covent Garden on 
Friday night. 

Soxnetimes, for instance in 
; her responses to her nurse and 
to her father, you could point : 
to a particular gesture, some- 
thing she has modified or' 
introduced to clarify an inci- 
dent or reveal a thought. More 
often ii was a question of 
emphasis in a sequence; in 21 
years of watching this produc- 
tion for instance I have never 
seen any Juliet make it so 
clear, when compelled to 
dance with Paris in the last 
act, that she is not so much 
straining away from him as 
reaching towards tire window 
where she last saw Romeo. 

. But it is not simply.whai she 
introduces that makes the 
difference, rather a question of 
how she undertakes every 
step, every phrase, every scene 
throughout the ballet. Kirlasd 
is a perfectionist. I have the 
impression that foe takes 
nothing for granted, that abso- 
lutely everything foe d oes on 
stage has been taken apart, 
considered, weighed, judged 
with fastidious care. 

In putting it together again 
for foe performance, she 
works her miracle. Somehow 
every detail is brought to life, 
made into a vital part of a 
living, moving whole. Hers is 
not an especially animated 
Juliet in feci there is a deep 
stillness, an inwardness, about 
the girl you see fell in love. 

T n i r n i i, inward passion: Gelsey Kirkland with Anthony Dowell as her Romeo 

up and die within three 
on stage and a few days 
of dramatic time. But there is 
never any doubt that foe is-a 
real person, intense, passion- 
ate, suffering. 

Hers was already a very 
special Juliet when foe danced 
with the Royal Ballet previ- 
ously in 1980, but it has 
become richer and deeper 
since then. It is no secret that 
Kirkland has had problems 
meanwhile, partly caused by 
lhe intense temperament that 
makes her one of the greatest- 
dancers of our day. 

This performance was actu- 
ally the first time foe Had 
appeared on stage for about 
two years. At the end, when 
Anthony Dcwefl, her Romeo, 
left her alone to acknowledge 
the applause while hundreds 
of daffodils were showered on 
stage from the upper tiers, she 
ferried her face in her hands 
and wept. I think there were 
many damp eyes in the audi- 
ence too. 

I wish I could report that foe 
rest of the cast had gained as it 
might have done from Kirk- 
land's example. Dowell must 

have credit for the care and 
polish of his sympathetic, 
immensely supportive perfor- 
mance, but be is not foe most 

* t - f - 





; Box office & 

Credit Cards 

01-928 2252 

Standby: any unsold . 
,3.1s at low pTice 5 from 
2 hour's before 
per form ance.. 

''Shaffer’s most daring, most personal a 
play ... ALAN BATES is * 
[REMARKABLE. . .in a SUPERB cast”* 

I (Nawsveok) w 


a fine partner and stylish 
dancer, his technique is wear- 
ing a little at the edges, as 
revealed in unstretched knees 
ami precariously finished 

Among the other dancing 
roles, only Ashley Page’s 
Benvolio has the wild, roister- 
ing quality that once marked 
all the male ensembles in this 
production, and only Julian 
HosJdngs's kind, affectionate 
Paris responded to Kirkland's 
presence with a complete: re- 
thinking of his own perfor- 
mance. adding attentive new 
details that complimented 
hers. Sandra Conley is a 
notably warm, human Lady 
Caputet, and Derek Rencher's 
Capulet is intelligently acted 
although a lack of weight and 
authority in bis dancing re- 
duces the effect of foe men's 
dance at the balL 

Mark ErmJert presence as 
guest conductor made surpris- 
ingly little difference to the 
orchestral playing. Apart from 
Kirkland, the star, of this 
revival is Nicholas Georg- 
iadis, whose immense, monu- 
mental designs give the 
production its most impres- 
sive distinguishing feature, 

John Percival 


Comic contrasts 

The Suburbs of 


An ominous chord begins 
pulsating as the midnight-blue 
light discloses three vaults. 
Enter a black-cloaked figure 
who inspects the stage perime- 
ter, gun at the ready, and then 
approaches the vaults. “Any- 
one in?” it asks, at which the 
effigy stirs and turns out to be 
a small boy in bed. 

That is typical of the effects 
sprung by the aptly-named 
Hidden Grin Theatre. Lurid, 
fantastically costumed ghouls 
swirl out of the darkness and 
then subside into small talk. 
Like many an ICA group, this 
company is out to challenge 
the tyranny of the word: but its 
particular trade mark is to 
exploit the comic contrast 
between portentous music and 
lighting and suburban utter- 
ance. However, there is more 
to Brian Upson and Graeme 

They Fairly Mak 
Ye Work 
Dundee Rep 

Billy Kay has brought aspects 
of Scottish social history still 
within reach of living memory 
into focus for Scottish audi- 
ences several times already, 
through radio and television 
series interviewing people 
with memories of what have 
become almost other worlds. 
Now he has taken material 
from one of those oral history 
programmes and shaped it 
into a documentary drama 
based largely on the life and 
experiences of one of his 
interviewees — Sarah Craig, 
who worked in the Dundee 
jute mills from the early 1 900s 
when foe turned 14. 

Using her as main protago- 
nist. lhe play then shows us 
life in. and around the mills 
from just before the First 
World War until the 1930s. 
What develops is a document 
that is crammed with fascinat- 
ing and often saddening detail 
(much of H dearly half-famil- 
iar to the local audience), but 
that also chans foe changing 
attitudes of a close-knit work- 
ing-class community through 
landmarks such as foe war, the 
National Strike and the Means 
Test, and that explores the 
reasons why both Winston 
Churchill and the Communist 
Party (represented here by 
Sarah’s husband) were reject- 
ed by a people whose life had 

Miller's piece than straightfor- 
ward deflation. It is an exer- 
cise in Jacobean sdence- 
fiction, set in a future when 
hand-guns, according to the 
programme summary, are as 
commonplace as hand-made 

I take the company's word 
for it that their show tells a tale 
of Spencer, heir-apparent to 
the giant Albion concern, who 
finds himself unequal to the 
job when his father is assassi- 
nated. From where I was 
sirring, Spencer (Mr Upson) 
came over as no more than a 
malcontent underling to the 
fiery Rhys (Alan Brown), who 
bestrides the territory in leath- 
er-look jodhpurs, hogging the 
microphone after a Wagnerian 
build-up for the post-assassi- 
nation obsequies, and oblig- 
ingly polishing off Spencer’s 
Japanese wife. 

Comedy periodically rises 
.to the surface throughout 
Andy Wilson's production. 

Irving War die 

to be lived from day to day. 

It is then a valuable and 
intriguing exercise, crystalliz- 
ing a past that is still impor- 
tant for the city today. As a 
play, however, it does not 
quite work, partly because it 
has no real focus or plot and 
partly because the sheer 
wealth and weight of detail so 
accurately observed, con- 
versely works against foe feel 
of authenticity - a slice oflife, 
but on a plate. 

Billy Kay emerges as a good 
editor and a sharp writer 
rather lhan a playwright feels 
are neatly edited into scenes 
written with wit and an ear for 
dialogue but are linked togeth- 
er in Alan Lyddiard's busy 
production by time-honoured 
working songs, made soulful 
by Michael Naira’s husky, 
world-weary voice. 

Against Neil Murray's set — 
huge grey blocks that wheel 
about to form equally unre- 
mitting mill-walls and tene- 
ment houses — the cast are 
dwarfed, their size contrasting 
with their vitality. It is a 
strong ensemble performance, j 
with a few individuals stand- * 
mg oun Graham Valentine as 
Sarah's broken-spirited, re- 
dundant father. Sandy Welch 
as her militant, idealist hus- 
band and Anne Myatt and 
Grace Glover as Sarah's 
mother and Sarah herself 
testaments to foe grit and 
humour of working-class 
women in adversity. 

Sarah Hemming 


Paul Roberts 

Wigmore Hall 

The piano repertoire is not 
exactly lacking in picturesque. 
late-Romantic pieces, but a 
minor place of honour should 
now be found for foe composi- 
tions of Deodat de Severac. 
. Thanks to foe resourceful Paul 
Roberts, this tura-of-foe-cen- 
tury Frenchman's music was 
heard in London on Friday 
night apparently for foe first 
time in more than 50 years. 

Most of Severac’s life was 
spent in villages on the 
French/Spanish border, and 
bis piano music has lhe same 
tang of flamenco as that of his 
friend AJbeniz, though (on 
this evidence anyway) he 
lacked Albeniz's skill at subtly 
manipulating the accenL 

Roberts played five pieces. 
Les Fetes and Cheval dans la 
prairie, were both exuberant 
evocations of landscape using 
a sophisticated keyboard pal- 
ette. Two slower pieces were 

Milan /Thomas 
Wigmore Hall 

There seems to be a jinx 
against Robert Walker's Sing- 
er by the Yellow River, a 
setting for soprano, flute and 
harp of a far-eastern -style 
ballad written by Robert 
Gittings. Ann Mackay. its 
soprano soloist, had a car 
crash on the way to its first 
public performance in Chich- 
ester; for whai was to be its 
first London performance on 
Saturday, foe became ill at the 
very last minute, and the 
entire second half of the 
evening was called off. 

I had heard her, half an hour 
before foe concert, warming 
up like a nightingale: foe was 
obviously as baffled as her 
audience by the disappearance 
of the voice seconds before 
kick-off So instead of Saim- 
Saens's “Flute invisible", it 
was a case of la voix invisible, 
and Susan Milan and Caryl 
Thomas gamely filled the first 
half with their contributions 
to the shared recital. 

It is, after all, worth travel- 
ling quite some distance at any 
time to hear Miss Milan's 
flute-playing, and her Debussy 
Syrinx was worth every fleet- 
ing second. Caryl Thomas, 
too. gave an exuberant perfor- 
mance of Fame's Impromptu 
for harp, a strong, big-boned 
piece in which the undulating 
arpeggios and interweaving 
accompaniments of his piano 
music seem to have reached 
their true medium. 

The discovery of the eve- 
ning. though, was Eugfcne 
Bozza. The operas, ballets and 

more in foe brooding, modal 
Spanish style: Les Muletitrs 
devani le Christ de Lima 
presenting a particularly im- 
pressive contrast between its 
rather awesome outer sections 
and its major-key centre, 
where Debussy-like oscilla- 
tions shimmered consolingly. 

Best of all was Baigneuses 
au soldi Sunbathing in 1908 
was obviously a daring activi- 
ty, judging by the frolicsome 
discords and splashy toccata 
effects here, although a sub- 
dued coda perhaps casts a 
moral gloss on these jolly 
nudes. Debussy said that 
Severac wrote music which 
“one breathes in through foe 
heart": an improbable ana- 
tomical feat, but one knows 
exactly what he meant. 

Roberts sensibly surround- 
ed Severac with his French 
and Spanish contemporaries. 
His playing had its tangled 
moments, but never lacked 
imagination or enthusiasm. 

Richard Morrison 

orchestral works of this St- 
year-old composer are well 
enough known in France: we 
tend to select works from his 
large output of elegant and 
idiomatic chamber music for 
wind. Miss Milan gave us his 
Deux Impressions: “La Fon- 
taine de la villa Medici" and 
“La Danse d’Elke", and his 
“Images", which started by 
evoking Debussy's flaxen - 
haired girl and ended as an 
aural equivalent of foe tricks 
of a Marcel Marceau. 

Hilary Finch 

Supper at the 
Cordon Bleu 

The Summer programme of 
Tuesday Evening 
Demonstrations with Supper ai 
the Cordon Bleu starts in early 

Each demonstration covers 
approximately 5 e« citing 
recipes suitable tor seasonal 
entertaining of family, friends 
and business colleagues. 

Demonstrations om bekj on 
Tuesday evenings with supper 
being served from 600-6.30 
p m. followed by ihe 
demonstration lasting 
approximately 1 \1 hours. 

Ticket price C7.5Q with supper 
and true raffle of cooked 
dishes. For more details and a 
programme please contact: 

Tht Cerda* BU* Cookery School. 
114 Mmylebtmt Lam*, jaw M. 

W-9J5 3SC3. 












































71 - 











ihe ilMtS MOWDaY AfrKlL 14 1¥$6 

** * * 

Stores united 
in rejecting 
Sunday trade 

By a Staff Reporter 

A survey by The Times of 
chambers of trade, commerce 
and other bodies representing 
retailers around the country 
has found that almost every 
one is radically opposed to the 
Sunday trading Bill in its 
present form. 

The Shops Bill, to get its 
second reading in the Com- 
mons today, would deregulate 
the current restrictions on 
Sunday opening encompassed 
in the Shops Act of 1950. 

The National Chamber of 
Trade, which represents many 
of the local chambers, has 
canvassed the views of its 
members on many occasions 
and as a result formulated a 
campaign to fight the Bill. 

It was one of the co- 
founders of the Keep Sunday 
Special Campaign after dis- 
covering that more than 80 
per cent of its members op- 
posed the Bill. 

However, although most of 
the bodies of shopkeepers 
around the country stated 
their opposition to ihe com- 
plete deregulation of Sunday 
trading, there were many de- 
grees of opposition. Most 
totally rejected the Bill while 
otheri although opposed, felt 
there was room for some 

BRISTOL: The strength of 
opinion against the Bill among 
the retail and retail planning 
committee of Bristol Chamber 
of Commerce . and Industry 
has grown considerably in 
recent months, according to 
Mrs Susan Marshfield, secre- 
tary to the committee. 

The council of the chamber 
has now backed a motion 
opposing the Bill and calling 
on local MPs to represent that 
view in Parliament when it 
comes up for discussion. 

But Mrs Marshfield said 
that the members of the 
committee, representing opin- 
ions of both small and large 
retailers, did not object to 
purpose-built centres rased on 
the edge of the city opening on 
Sundays. These retailers, such 
as the large do-it-yourself 
chains, had the parking and 
refreshment facilities to deal 
with the Sunday shoppers. 
LIVERPOOL: Mr Michael 

Today’s events 

toval engagements 
The Queen, accompanied by 
[Tie Duke of Edinburgh. Prin- 
ess .Anne and Prince Michael of 
vent, unveils the Memorial to 
be Duke of Beaufort in 
jloucesier CalhedraL 12; and 
hen opens the new Widden 
*rimary School. Gloucester. 

The Princess of Wales departs 
Heathrow for Vienna. Austria. 

10 . 

Mew exhibitions 
New .An. New World: works 
ry various artists. Jack Barclay 
Ltd, Showrooms. Berkeley Sq. 
IV] : Mon to Fri 9 to 5.30, Sat 9 
lo 2.30. lends Apr 19) 

Glass by Rachael Woodman, 
drafts Council. 12 Waterloo 
Place. SWl; Mon to Sal 10 to 
5.45. Sun 2.30 to 5.45. closed Fri 
ends May 18) 

London and New York Mara- 
thon Paintings by Mike Geary. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,019 


1 Indian found in bed (5.4). 

6 Contract — there’s money in 

it (5). 

9 Man taking centre of stage 
in a theatrical perfor- 
mance. . .(7). 

]0 . . . and another tears it to 
pieces (7). 

11 Obvious geographical fea- 
ture (5). 

12 White Rose rambling in a 
different way (9). 

14 Tvpical mixture for a sweet 


15 Coloured glue used on nails 

17 One trying to make an im- 
pression. writing letters to 
modem paper (4-7). 

19 Some letter I declined to de- 
liver (3). 

20 Not a top-drawer American 

22 Ghosts here - but not ini- 
tially (5V 

24 Vegetation framing very 
good view (7). 

26 Take in garment returned in 
lime (7). 

27 Allowed to join the foreign 
girl (51 

28 Edward dropped in to crash 
an associate (9). 


1 Walk about the ship (5). 

2 Language English is akin to 


3 Wear a balaclava to steal - 
' and help the poor? (5.4). 

4 Travel to Rio in disguise to 
see opera (2,9). 

5 Not all the time, indeed (3). 

6 Saint’s safe (5). 

7 He wrote notes to Lawrence 
in one (7). 

8 No complimentary epithet 
for horse you are said to 
have embraced (3-6). 

13 Very steep — almost treble 

14 In depression, hit ball (5-4). 

16 More lo pay when swell 

drinks tea (9). 

18 Being gloomy about money, 
so spongeing (7). 

19 Flier producing survey in 
Russia (7). 

21 I left something hot and 
cold (5). 

23 A little creature. Katharina 

25 Wine container upset by 
writer (3). 

The Solution 
of Saturday's 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,018 
will appear 
next Saturday 

< ,\-w 'v»f 

Dunn, chairman of Liverpool 
Stores' Committee, said he 
and all of his fellow members 
who had expressed a view on 
Sunday trading, were against 

Most of the city’s retailers, 
of which the committee in- 
cludes about 43. were already 
working six days a week as 
well as opening late some 
evenings. “It puis a great 
strain on people. I believe we 
should have a day when we 
can all rest together.” 

HULL: The feelings of the 300 
to 400 members of Hull and 
District Chamber of Trade 
were almost unanimously 
against the Shops Bill as it 
stands at present. Mr Ron 
Lang, the area secretary, said 

Mr Lang, who is also on the 
board of management of the 
National Chamber of Trade's 
Humberside council, which 
felt the same way. said that his 
members believed that open- 
ing on Sunday would not 
increase business. 

Even the chamber’s mem- 
bers in coastal resorts, such as 
Bridlington and Scarborough, 
were quite happy with _ the 
provisions in current legisla- 
tion allowing them to open on 
18 Sundays during the year to 
cater for iourisis. 

Drew, former chairman of the 
retail section of Coventry 
Chamber of Commerce, said 
that his 300 members were 
generally against the moves, 
although there were a great 
manv shades of opinion on 
both'sides of the argument 

“We feel that the Bill will be 
passed in its entirety. This 
could mean that the situation 
will arise where we are forced 
to open on Sundays because 
other traders have done so." 
TYNE: Tyne and Wear 
Chamber of Commerce's 50 
retailing members were gener- 
ally opposed to the new- Bill 
because of the view that it 
would increase costs and that 
shop staff would probably 
have to work on Sundays even 
if they did not wish to. Mr 
John Hunter, chief executive 
of the chamber, said. 

Mr Hunter said that the 

National Theatre main entrance 
foyer. South Bank. SEI; Mon to 
Sat 10 to II am. dosed Sun (ends 
26 April) 

Photographs by Douglas 
Ben ham and Drawings by Lou- 
ise Vereoe. Falmouth Art Gal- 
lery, The Moor. Falmouth, 
Cornwall: Mon to Fri 10 to I 
and 2 to 4.30 (ends May 2) 

Etchings 3nd Watercolours of 
Yorkshire and the Lake District 
by Simon BulL The Hexagon. 
Queens Walk. Reading: Mon to 
Sat 10 to 6 (later show days) 
(ends May 5) 

Yorkshire Residental School 
for Deaf exhibits; Central Li- 
brary foyer. Waterdalc. Don- 
caster. Mon to Wed. Fri 9 to 8. 
Thurs 9 to I. Sat 9 to 4 (ends 

Etchings and Drawings by 
Stephen Bird. Spelman’s- 
Bookshop. 70 Micklegate. Yoriu 
Mon to Sat 9 to 5.30. (ends May 

New British Leatherwork. 
The Welsh Arts Council Gal- 

; v -/ ^ . 

y. ^ 

•• V-Z-r >-.£&?. \ A. 

•••!•■ *■ 


The congregation leaving Brorapton Oratory in south-west London yesterday meniing as the Reject shop reported that it was doing roaring besiness- 

Do-it-yourself crowds queuing at the checkout at 
at Catford, i 

Salisbury's Home Base 

smaller members of the cham- 
ber. recently merged with 
Newcastle and District Cham- 
ber of Trade, feared a loss of 
business to the larger super- 
markets and big chains. 
LEEDS: Mr Jim Cairns. presi- 
dent of Leeds Chamber of 
Trade, said his members rec- 
ognized the need for a review 
of the Shops Act which he said 
contained a large number of 

“We like to look at new 
topics,” he said. “There is a 
big change going on in retail- 
ing and Leeds wants to be part 
of it It is important to be 
progressive, but we do not 

south-east London. 

want to rush into things.” 
HARROW: The members of 
Greater Harrow Chamber of 
Commerce took part in a poll 
in November last year which 
showed that more than 85 per 
cent were opposed to the Bill 
because they felt it would 
increase expenditure without 
pulling in extra revenue. 

Mr George McGechan, sec- 
retary to the 650-member 
Harrow chamber and presi- 
dent of the National Chamber 
of Trade, said that those who 
expressed a pro-Sunday trad- 
ing opinion were often those 
members who would not have 
to open. 

Mr Ivor Stan brook. Conservative MP for Orpins&ra and leading critic 
strolling in die morning sun yesterday with his wife and grandchildren : 

to arm 


lery. 53 Charles St, Cardiff: Mon 
to Sat 9 to 5.30 (ends May 17) 

Mozart concerto festival 
1986. by the London Soloists 
Chamber Orchestra.Queen 
Elizabeth Hall. South Bank, 

Violin recital by Kyoka 
Kimura. Purcell Room. South 
Bank. 7.30- 

Light classical music by the 
Gas Light Trio, Royal Festival 
Hall foyer. South Bank. 1 2.30. 

Piano recital by Elaine 
Mcncher. Si Martin-in- the- 
Fields. Trafalgar Square, WC2. 

Concert by the Society Sing- 
ers. All Hallows Church by the 
Tower. Byward Sl EC3, 1.05. 

Concert by the Opus 20 Siring 
Orchestra. The American 
Church in London. 79 Totien- 
•ham Cl Rd. Wl. 1.05. 

Talks and lectures 

Talk relating to scenario and 
opera design (exhibition) by 
Sally Jacobs. National Theatre. 
South Bank. SEI, 6. 

Four questions about art. by 
Ruskin. National Gallery, 
Trafalgar Sq. WC2. 1. 

Europe’s future in space, by 
Prof R Lust The Royal Aero- 
nautical Society, 4 Hamilton 
Place. Wl. 7. 

Turner - Poet and Prophet by 
Rev Alan Gaunt The Book 
Trough. Centra] Library. St 
Peter's Sq. Manchester. 6.45. 


London and South - east A217: Two - 
way traffic on southbound camageway m 
Ofofiefd Rd. Sutton; northbound carriage- 
way closed; serious c ongesti on expected. 
K2& Contr a flow between i uncoons 18 
and 19 ( Chortaywood and Huntonbridge); 
congestion at peak perteds. Ml Delays of 
up to one hour on both carriageways ot 
Sprtfire Bridge: delays on A33 Winchester 

Midlands: MS; Lane restrictions and 
overmght c ar ria g eway closures (week- 
days) between luncticre * and 8. Ml: 
Temporary signals and delays 3 irtlaa N ot 
Warwick. MS: Single - lane traffic at 
junction with A1307. Gmon. 

Wales and West M* Various lane 
closures at Severn Bridge. Ml 9: Traffic 
restrictions on Or ancestor to Swindon Rd 
a South Camay. AS: 2d ■ hr temporary 
signals between Betwys - y - Coed and 
Corwen at PemrafoeJas. 

North: A5& Northbound camageway 
closed in Manchester Rd. AHrmcham; 
contraflow on sout hb o und . MSI: inside 
lanes dosed N and southbound at 
lunchon wtth M61/M6. Blacow Bridge. 
A5B: Diversions signposted in Rice Lane. 
Liverpool temporary Sg ms. 

Scotland: M74: Northbound carriage- 
way dosed N of access to Blackwood; 
two way on southbound. A82; Single -Une 
traffic with stop too boards 3 miles N of 
Invermonsten. A7tfc Single kne traffic 3 
mtos E of Ayr temporary Kghts. 

information suppBed bf AA 

The pound 


Bank Bark 

Buys Setts 

AsstreSaS 2.18 2 M 

Austria Seri H.70 ZL50 

Belgium Fr 72JJ0 6860 

CanadaS 2.12 2JJ2 

Denmark Kr 13.05 12.3s 

FMandMHi 845 7.6fl 

France Fr 11.20 1&t$ 

Germany Dm 363 365 

Greece Dr 73 5.0 0 215.00 

Hong Kong S 1160 11 JO 

Ireland Pt 1.165 1-105 

Italy Ure aaioxo 2280.0a 

Japan Yen 274.00 260#) 

Netherlands Gld 3J7 3.78 

Norway Kr 11.10 1060 

Portugal Esc 23460 21960 

South AlncaRd 450 360 

SpaMPta 223.00 21 IDO 

Sweden Kr 11.19 1064 

Switzerland Fr 2J5 260 

USAS 154 1.47 

Yugoslavia Dnr 54060 500.00 

Rates for small denofrinaimn bank notes 
only as supplied by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Different rales apply to travellers' 
cheques and other foreign cwrency 

HetoO Price Max; 391.1 

Loudon: Trie FT index closed up 10.4 

on Friday at 1451.9. 

taw York. The Dow Jones industrial 
3 wage dosed down 4.12 an Friday at 

Times Portfolio Gold rales are 
las follows: „ . 

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free. Purchase of The Times is 
oot a condition of taking part 

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peblic companies whose 
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Exchange and qooted in The 
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page. The companies compris- 
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numbered 1 — 44) is divided 
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Every Portfolio Gold card 
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, contains a unique set of nmn- 
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4 The daily dividend will be 
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6 If the overall price move- 
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. Information to t inclusion in The 
Tin*-. Information wnw mould Be 
sent to. the Edllor.TTIS. The Times. 
PO Bos 7. 1. Virginia SL London El 

Printed ny London Post 'Prim 
mi Limited of 1 Virginia Street, 
London El RXN Monday. April la. 
1986 Renoir red an a newspaper al 
in* Post Office 


Births: Abraham OrteHus, 
cartographer. Antwerp, 1527; 
Christiaan Huygens, astrono- 
mer and physicist. The Hague, 

Deaths: Richard Neville. Earl 
of Warwick (’the kingmaker’), 
killed at the battle of Barnet 


A complex area of low 
pressure will move SE 
across Britain with fron- 
tal troughs crossing most 
areas during the day. 

, b ikM m mflOram WONIS 

Im .1-“ 

ns warn ttw ctaWod 

6am to midnight 

London, SE, centra! S, E, central 
N England, East AngBa, E, W 
Midlands, Channel Wands Cloudy 
at first outbreaks of rain turning 
showery with sunny intervals 
vetoing: mainly Sw, moderate, 
max temp7 to 9C(45 to 48F 

SW, NW England, S, N Wales, 
Lake District Me of Man, SW 
Scotland, AroyB, Northern Ireland: 
Bright start, fecoming cloudy with 
outbreaks of rain; variable, mainly 
Bgbfc max temp 6 to 8C (43 to 46F). 

NE England, Borders, EdMxBgh, 
Dundee, Aberdeen, Glasgow, cen- 
tral Highlands, Moray Firth, NE 
Scotland: Mainly douoy. outbreaks 
of rain, snow on hills; E or SE. 
moderate locafiy fresh; max temp 4 
toBC (39 F) 

Outlook for tomorr ow and 
Wednesday: Changeable, with 
showers, some heavy, merging to 
longer periods of rain, at times, but 
some sunny intervals. 

SEA PASSAGES£.North Searerind 
south-westerly, fresh or strong, 
perhaps gale at first Stowers. 
Vtetofflty moderate or good. Sea 
rough. Strait of Dover, English 
Charmed (E y. wind south-west to 
south, strong, perhaps gate at first 
Showers, vfemftty moderate or 
good. Sea rough. 

High Tides 

Otolue sky: be-blue sky anil c l o u d : c- 
rtct*ty: o-overcast: f-foff d-drtzHe: h- 
hau: mfst-nifctc r-rttn: moov; B>* 
t hu nderst o rm: Prowers. _ 

Arrows show . wind dircrtkKL wind 
speed (mph) dnM- Temneraiur* 


London Bridge &2 8 
Aberdeen 45J 
Avoemodh 1053 
Beta* Z52 

CordW . 10.38 

O Wp et ■ fill 
Dover 232- 

Fata o u th B.4t 
Glasgow 4.14. 
Hanwch . 122 


Smeombe - 9-33 
Left* 616 

UvwpocJ 2 - 37 

Lowestoft 1263 


MKoaJHvran 960 
H e wq u s y 142 

Often 9.1? 

Tees . 7.22 

WHon-w-ftra 116 

Son Rises: Sun Sets: 
666 am 765 pm 

•toon arts Moon rises 
1.04 am 605 am 
Hrat quarter April 17 - 

Around Britain 


Temperatures at midday yest erd a y: c. 
cloud; 1. tain r, rur, s. sun. 


f 948 Guernsey I 745 

r 843 Inverness r 439 

r 541 Jersey 1 846 

C 745 London <1050 

CenSfl c 846 fiTnchster r 439 

Edinburgh c 541 New easUs r 541 

Glasgow c 643 Rtotdsway - - - 

Sun Rain 
hr* in 

Scarboio * - 02 

Bridtktgton 0.7 . .01 
Cramer ■ 65 

Ctactoo 46 

H a ma te 


lighting-up time 

London 825 pm to 566 am 
Bristol S35 pm to 5.46 am 
Ednftorgh 8.47pm to 538 am 
Sr 837 pm to 5.40 am 
8.44 pm to (L00 am 


6 pm. 0.0 

Yestsnlpy: Temp: max 6 am » 6 pm, 11C 
- min S pm lo 6 atTL2C (38F) 
_ 6 pm. 79 per cam. Ratrr 24nrto 
0 pm. tf.09ta. Sir 24 hr to 6 pm. 7.4ftr. 
Bar, mean sea level. 6 pm. 1606.0 
mflitMrs, fattng. 

Sabaday: Temp: max 6 am to 6 p m. 8C 
(46F) ; min 6 pm to 6 am ,2c C38F) 
HumKkty: 6 pm. 6B dbt cent RaR 24hr to 
6 pm. 0.09 Stm: 24 hr to 6 pm. Bar. mean 
sea level 6 pm, 1,071.7 rrtfcars, 062 

Fofceslone 6.8 - 

Hastings 46 02 

Easttxnane 5.6 7 

Brighton 6.1 - 

Worthing 82 - 

Utflrtmmto 9.1 - 

BofpwR 102’ - 

SautfWM T0.9 - 

Sendovm 102 

ShankBn 86 - 

Bouraenrih 86 

Poole SB - 

Swanage 86 

Waymorth 106 

Exmouth 102 

Tmgnmouth SA 

Torauay 85 

Frtmouft 05 - 

Re maine 106 

Jersey SJ • 

Quarresey 67 .05 

SeMy fades 6.1 

Naanpray 10.7 


C F 

7 45 dul 

5 43 showsre 

6 41 bright 

3 37 sunny 
3 37 sunny 

Sun Rain Max 
his to C F 

87 - 7 45' 

Tenfty 76 • - 7 45 

.. — ** . 7 45 
- 8 46 



4 39 

5 41 
5 41 

5 41 

6 43 

7 45 

6 43 

7 45 
€ 43 

6 43 
e 43 

7 45 

6 43 

7 46 
6 43 

6 43 

7 45 
6 43 

8 46 
6 43 
6 43 

6 43 bright 
9 48 Slimy 














sunny - 






Loudon 82 - 

BTnen Afrpt 2.7 .01 
Bristol (Cbfi 92 -■ 

Cardiff (Ctrb 4.7 JO 2 
Anglesey 102 - 

B^XJtAJrpt 10.1 -- 

Man^watar 66 . 
H ott nghe m 26 61 
NYtHr-Tyna *.» .01 
Carlisle 5.1 







22 ■- 
07 29 
06 .1* 
OS 66 
02 -.08 
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Cifinbureft 06 .- 11 £2 dfwdy 
26 - 9 46 Cloudy 

These ere Frttey's Sgores 


Santo EKxmngo de Cbon- 
taK Nicaragua (Reuter) - ■ 
Prsideat Ortega (^Nicaragua j 
promised 'fanners ihai b is 
Govennncm would supply 
weapons to ordinary Nicara- 
gsxsns to help defeat any 
United States invasion. 

Senor Ortega reiterated that 
he woold sign a Centra! Amer- 
ica peace treaty with the 
Contadora countries — Mexi- 
co, Panama. Colombia- and 
Venezuela - *“if US-supponcd 
aggress on against Nicaragua 

“Bat while this aggression 
supported by the United 
States continues, there is not 
going to be any reduction of 
armaments, in Nicaragua,** he • : 
said. 1 

Speaking in a smafl square i 
m ibis town 120 m i l e s ca st of 
Managua yesterday, Senor Or- 
tega tofd ite 500 fermers and 
peasants: “We have already 
said we will sign the 
Comadora peace treaty if tins 
aggression ceases. Bus white ii 
continues, we »e going to • 
keep on fighting we are going , 
tokeeponr^msmaurraiKls. i 

“Weare going to get guos lo ! 
those who do not yet have 
aoy, so that every Nkaragnan > 
can defend his land, his life, • 
and ihe lives of his children, 1 
and so that te can confront t 
and defeat a North American ‘ 

As he spoke, two Sovics- 
niadeSandiiiistaMI24 assault ■. 
helicopters, equipped with 
rapid-fire cannon, reared 
overhead. The helicopters, 
highly flexible and - abk to ! 
spray thousands of rounds of : 
bullets al the ground, have ; 
been a sco nrg c of the rebel . 

Setior Grt^a tol^ a press 
conference in Managua Cartier 
that Ntbar^oa would sign the 
proposed Centra! American j 
treaty if the US stopped , 
hadaqgltae Contras.. - . 

The . Comadora nations i 
have largely drafted a peace ^ 
treaty. But titezr fast meeting, 
in Panama last weckemL end- 
ed in fearraywhen the Ntca- 
xaygrans deckned to agree to a . 
signing date. 





8.7 5.45 

3.7 6.13 
11.7 1068 116 

3.1 3J2 26 
106-1044 105 
46 926 . 

6.1 2.44 

4.7 866: 

42 4.44 
37 368 

5.0 2.07 
&6 iai5 
76 9.42 . 

43 635 
22 1.12 
46 243 
SJ .1001. 

6.1 864 
24 9.14 
46 231 
16 10.17 
4.3 223 

28 249 
4J 240 
4.7 7 AS 

29 329 




















8 43 -sunny ■ 
& 43 snow 
E 43 sunny 

6 43-ftriflftr- 

7 45 SWty 
ft 43 surary 

8 46" shaven 

7 45 snow 

8 4® rato . 

9 48 bright 

9 48 dots* 

8 46 rain 
Tt 52 WW 
2 48 cloudy . 

9.46 -showers 
5 43 baa 
8.46 ram 
8 46 rtwwera 
. 8 .46 rain 

MIDDAY: c. doud; d, drtzzlB; t, (an fg, toy r, rain; s, sat; sn, snaiet, thunder. 

Highest and lowest 

ntar Htohest day temp: Newguay, 
54Fj ; lowest ftw max: Fafc- Isle, 4C 
: highest rarrfaS: Yeovaton, 0.43 in; 



(39F) : highest l 

highest ewisKne: Hastings. 8 hr. 

Satodfty; Highest day temp: Poole. 11C 
(52F) : towesTday max: LertMde 5C (41 F) 
: fxgimst rautMh Wittering. 0.31 n: 
ritziest mxighjne: Newcastle. 7 hr. 

Bond winners 

Winners in this week's Pre- 
mium Bond prize draw: 
£100.000: 6EN 790167 (winner 
lives in Kent). £50,000: 6KS 
984404 (Uncoinshire). £25.000: 
2IZN 595576 (Essex). 

fliw eio 


Alex' (toe 











C F . 

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s 24 75 Cptojpi 
c 24 75 Corfu 
f 13 55 Dufefin 
t 5 41 DubfM* 
s 20 68 Ftoo 
& 27 61 Horanco 
f 30 86 Frankfurt 
& 14 $7 Funchal 
■ - - Hum 
e 3 37 G fti Hi 
f 3 37 MNatoU 
1 22 72 Hong K 
S 48 ftvSrck 

C. F C F ■ . C JF 

4 6 43 Majorca t 1365 Roaw e 11 g 
c 4 33 Xmssa 8 15 59 satabng sn:-2 * 
ClfietiWMr- f 17 63 S Paulo T 30 88 
e 9 48 Matovaav »2Q 68 SPMmo..'s « r £ 
c 13 55 MarienC *s 25 77 Sausage *s » g 

B Abas 
Chicago . 
Ch'chrch* s 13 55 

f 6 43 Istanbul 
1 ii 52 Jeddah 
C 3 37 Jotaig 
c & 43 Karachi 
■s 24 75 L Primes 
c 33 91 Uaboo 
s 21 70 Locafflo 
s 15 59 Ltmantog sn 1 34 
s 16 6t LAagete V 17 63 

14 57 
6 45 
4 39 Montnri 

15 S9 Moscow 
$ 41 M u nich ' 

15 59 Wahefai 

S 24 75 HDaS - 
C 2 38 NYoik 
a 20 68 Merit- " 
a 33 Oslo 
• • - Paris 
s 33 91 Peking 
s 21 70 Perth ■ 
s 13 55 
S ID 50 

8 8 48 Rio ds 4 

*• 25 77 Steal 
f 9 48 
1 745 
e 0 32 Stna fa Tm 
f 1 34 sptoay 
c 22 72 Tangier. 
C 9 48 TctAvfcr 
a 34 93 Tamatts . 
■C 7 45 Tokyo 
a -13 55 Toronto 
- • • TunbS 
f 7 45 Valencia 
s 25 77-Vanrtor 
t 22 72 Voofc* 
f 1 34. Vienna 
f 4 39 WsraaW- 
B 22 72 Warirtnn 
f 28 82 

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f 134 

_ MONDAY APRIL 14 1986.. 



* * in?. & 




still dogs 

From Maxwell Newton 
New York 

- There is increas in g disap- 
pointment over the failure of 
the devolution of the dollar to 
ameliorate the problems of 

United States w aim ft u^min g 

After risinfcin the last fear 
months of 1985 manufacturing 

employment plunged during 

. January and : FeSmary.- h 
, January it fen by 13,^30 and 
: in Febraary by 42,000. By 
February 28 abont 19.4 mS- 

Hon were employed in 

factoring, fewer than the 
averages for 1985 and 1984 
There is also concern over 

the makness of mtumfoctor- 

ing orders. February ardcro 
i woe revised down by L2 per 

Meanwhile, the Japanese 
reported a current account 
balance of payments snrphs of 
$3.94 bfluon in Fehrnaiy, a 
record for Jhat month. The 

emulative sorplas since Apr9 

1985 was $48.2 billion, al- 
ready er feeding the record 
$37 biffidB of the 1984 finan- 

cial year. Japanese expert s in 
February increased by 17JB 

per cent to S15L05 biffin while 

imparts gamed 8.1 per cent to 

$10.2 billion. 

Trade frictions between Ja- 
pan and the US wfU be at the 
top af the agenda for the talk* 
'-this week between President 
Reagan and the Japanese 
prime minister, Mr Yasnhfrn 

Nakasone. The steps token by 

Japan since the first G5 
meeting ia September, w hile 

repnsentmg a hnge step for- 

ward for Japan, have by no 
means measaried, op to the 

dimensions of die trade deficit 
problem toeing (he US. 

Japan to die focal point of 
- the frustration of US officials 
who had hoped for much more 
for America from the G5 
process. The resistance befog 

mounted fry the Japanese at 

180 yehto tim dollar tocansiqg 

Woolworth outlines plan 
to counter Dixons bid 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

Jnfortunately for America, 

even if the “Japan problem” is 

solved — and that is most 
—llhere 'aice several 
. .■ : WUHlf uumm BUIUU 

^- ’onlylBO'wdfiiig to take np aim 
. gaps left m the US markedly 
the departing Japanese. Most 
of these nations have beat 
' outside the G5 process and 
they have either: devalued 
against foe dollar, or have 
maintained parity at the pre- 
September 22, 1985 level. 
Such currency policies have 
confronted the Japanese with 
ruthless competitors. 

. There to no judi c ation yet, 
however, that the Japanese 
are losing market share. Al- 
tboogh the yen has appreciat- 
ed by 35 per cent against the 
~ dollar since September 22, 
landed prices of Japanese 
-goods, measured in dollars, 
have risen by abontlO per 

Thereto huge absorption of 
die cmrency less taking place 
both by the Japanese origina- 
tor and die American dealer. 
US dealers in Japanese cars 
habitually added on a special 
dealer .■ margin of between 
$1,000 and$2,000 what the 
dollar was strong. Now dime 
is tire opportunity to maintain 
market share by eating some 
of this fat. 

Woolworth yesterday fired 
off the first defensive broad- 
side in its attempt to stave off 
the £1.6 biffionbid mounted 

by Dixons, the electronics 

It was the first move in a 
week which will also see the 
victors in two of the biggest 
and longest running bid bat- 
tles ever fought in the City, for 
Imperial Group and Distillers. 

Woolworth sent sharehold- 
ers details of a new 'strategy. 
Operation Focus, as part of its 
defence against the Dixons 

In his letter, Mr Geoff 
Mnlcahy, group chief execu- 
tive of Woolworth, set out 
plans which include eliminat- 
ing adult clothing and food 
from Woolworth shops and 
concentrating on six key areas 
of business. The move will 
liberate! minion sq ft of space 
for Focus areas. 

The rix areas are Kids, Gifts 
and Sweets, Entertainment 
Home . and. Garden, 
Kftdienshop and Looks, for 
cosmetics and fashion acces- 
sories. Operation Focus will 
take one year to implement 

In remits published two 
weeks ago, the group showed a 
£22.7 minim profits turn- 
around. Mr Mulcaby said 
yesterday: “A big contribution 

to the performance came from 
the six Focus areas which we 
were already beginning to 
specialize in. The results have 
given us the confidence to 
adopt a more dramatic 

Dixons, due to issue its 
formal offer document for 

Woolworth this week, has also 
said it will drop some lines, 
but Mr Mulcahy described its 
plans as “extremely vague and 
inconsistent"*. He added: 
“Nothing they have said con- 
vinces us that they have any 
understanding of the differ- 
ences between our business 

Extel chief rejects 
the Demerger offer 

Mr Alan Brooker, chairman 
of Extel Group, has rejected 
unequivocally the revised offer 
from Demerger Corporation. 

In a letter to shareholders 
he accuses DMC of ignorance 
and poor judgement abont 
Extel revealed, he says, by 
“many errors and 
inaccur a cies” in fts revised 
offer document. 

The revised offer, made ten 
days ago, efimmated loan 
stocks, which would have been 
issued under the original re- 
construction plan, and includ- 
ed a frilly underwritten cash 
alternative of 4Q0p an Extel 
share. DMCs bid terms valve 
Extel at more than £173 

Mr Brooker attacked 
DMCs riafaim that ExteTs 

sports service was tailing to 
meet increasing competition, 
and that profits from its news 
and sports services were muter 
direct attack. 

He added that the cash 
alternative in DMCs revised 
offer did not redeem the 
bidder's shortcomings which 
Included the lack of a trade 
record and no published ac- 

• Saatchi & Saatchi, Europe's 
largest advertising group, to 
expected to raise £400 million 
through a share issue in the 
next lew days. Allied Lyons, 
the food and drinks group, to 
also expected to announce a 
rights issue of abont £500 
miliioa to help finance its 
£1.25 billion agreed bid for 
part of Hiram Walker. 

and their chains of small 
photographic shops". 

Dixons also plans to sell 
Comet, Woolworth's electrical 
goods retailing offshoot. Har- 
ris Queensway has already had 
talks with Dixons. 

In the meantime. Lord Han- 
son, chairman of Hanson 
Trust, is likely to announce 
victory today in the £2.8 
billion battle for Imperial 
Group after the defeat of his 
rival. United Biscuits, on 

After LIB’s withdrawal from 
the contest with control of 
only 34.1 per cent of 
Imperial's shares, Hanson 
Trust extended its offer, say- 
ing it controlled more than 40 
per cent of the shares. The 
announcement of more than 
50 per cent control by Hanson 
Trust to regarded in the City as 

The £2.5 billion battle be- 
tween Guinness and Argyll 
Foods for Distillers to also due 
to end this week when both 
bids close on Friday. 

The contest is certain to end 
-in considerable costs for those 
involved. Argyll to likely to 
face costs of more than £25 
million if it loses and £116 
million if it wins. 

• Woolworth chief, page 25 

No N Sea 
Opec told 

By David Young 
Energy Correspondent 
The oil producers’ cartel, 
the Organization ofPetroIeum 
Exporting Countries, to still 
pinning fts hopes for an end to 
the world oil price collapse on 
a cut in production by North 
Sea companies, despite a 
warning from -Mr Nigel 
.Lawson, the Chancellor, that 
it should not interfere in 
North Sea production levels. 

Output is the Norwegian 
sector of the North Sea has 
now been halted for over a 
week because of a strike by oil 
rig^ catering staff and many 
companies operating in the 
British sector are now consid- 
ering slowing down produc- 
tion this summer to carry out. 
maintenance work on plat- 
forms and {ape lines while oil 
prices are near the cost of 

The Norwegian dispute has 
removed one million barrels a 
day from North Sea output, 

Lawson warned on 
monetary policy 


,000 from the fields in the 
sector and 100,000 
which straddle the 
UK-Norway borders. 

Opec has calcula t ed that 
another 500,000 barrels a day 
could be cot from Britain's 2.7 
millian barrel a day produc- 
tion level by bringing forward 
maintenance this summer. 

The. warning that Britain 
has no intention of interfering 
directly in the oil companies’ 
production levels was given to 
Opec by Mr Lawson in a 
weekend speech to oil indus- 
try and banking executives in 
the United States. 

Thirteen oil ministers of the 
Opec countries will assemble 
in Geneva today to hear 
repeats front their expert com- 
mittees on -world demand 

Malaysia seeking to 
reschedule debts 

From M G G POai, Knala Lumpur 

Malaysia, beset by sharply 
lower commodity juices ana a 
weakening currency, has 
asked to reschedule its foreign 

The prime minister, Datuk 
Seri Mahathir Mohamed, told 
a group of businessmen at the : 
weekend that sharply declin- 
ing revenues next year would 
make it impossible for Malay- 
sia to repay its foreign debts 
on schedule. 

He gave no details, but the 
rescheduling of the debts and a 
devaluation of the ringgit have 
been widely predicted over the 
past few months. 

Malaysia's- external debt 
rose sharply from mid- 1982 

when it was MS18 billion 
($7.2 bfllicm) to the end-1983 
figure ‘ of MS40.34 billion. 
Bankers estimate that the 
percentage growth of the debt 
was. one ofthe highest in the 
world over this period. 

- Prices of commodities — 
tin, palm oO, timber, oil and 
rubber — fell by more than 
two-thirds over the past year, 
bringing- in sharply reduced 
government revenues next 

This year alone it has 
weakened by 20.9 per cent 
against the yen, by about 73 
per cent against the dollar and 
by about 9-1 per cent against 

By Omr Economics Editor 

Monetary policy is in a 
“dangerously uncertain 
situation", according to Mr 
Gavyn Davies and Mr David 
Morrison, chief economists at 
Goldman Sachs. 

In a special report preview- 
ing the speech the Chancellor 
to due to make on monetary 
policy on Wednesday, they 
argue there is a vacuum at the 
heart of Mr Nigel Lawson's 
financial strategy, and that it 
should be filled with a target 
for the rate of increase in unit 
costs in the economy. 

Mr . Lawson’s speech, in 
which’ he has promised to 
'provide the explanation of his 
existing monetary policy 
which was lacking in the 
Budget, will be carefully ex- 
amined by the City. It follows 
the overshoot of sterling M3 
last month, the Chancellor’s 
hints of a worldwide foil in 
interest rates and the Govern- 
ment’s decision to pass np the 
recent opportunity to clarify 
exchange-rate policy by taking 
sterling into the European 
Monetary System when the 
EMS was comprehensively 
realigned for the first time in 
three years. 

In another report released 
today, Mr John Young, econo- 
mist at Lloyd's Bank, argues 
last week’s realignment had 
afforded the best opportunity 
yet for sterling to join the fixed 
exchange-rate mechanism, but 
Messrs Davies and Morrison 
do not believe it is a desirable 
way of solving the monetary 

They point out the 
Chancellors target for sterling 
M3 has been based on the 
assumption that the income 
velocity of this measure of 
money — the speed with which 

Nigel Lawson: promised to 

explain monetary policy 

it changes hands — will drop 
by 6 per cent this year. This, 
they argue, is a very risky 

Their report for Goldman 
Sachs suggests a variety of 
reasons why velocity may be 
foiling. The most worrying is 
the idea that the private sector 
to building up a “buffer stock” 
of money as one of the 
consequences of financial 

However, the authors argue, 
even if this is the explanation, 
the consequences for inflation 
may not be too adverse, but 
the situation needs to be 
carefully monitored. 

Messrs Davies and Morri- 
son believe some form of 
additional early warning sig- 
nal to needed. They argue for a 
unit costguideline, which they 
claim offers the best guide to 
inflation prospects six to nine 
months ahead. 

Despite their warnings, they 
believe the prospects for lower 
British interest rates remain 
good, with the strength of the 
pound and the prospect of 
foiling inflation indicating fur- 
ther cuts. 

Building societies given 
free hand on loan rates 

By Lawrence Lever 

The Building Societies As- 
sociation has formally accept- 
ed that it can no longer 
determine changes in mort- 
gage razes by building so- 

Its Council has decided that 
the association should cease to 
issue guidance to member 
societies on the sizeor timing 
of changes in rates. 

It is now conducting a 
detailed internal review of its 
role, which is likely to be 
completed early in the 

The cartel, whereby the 
association recommended in- 
vestment rates and societies 
gave one month's notice of 

changes in mortgage rates has 
been crumbling since the Ab- 
bey National the seoond larg- 
est building society,' formally 
withdrew from' the cartel in 
October 1983. 

Since then the association 
has adopted an advisory role, 
whereby building society 
members met and agreed rate 
changes but simply gave prior 
notice — as opposed to a 
month's notice of changes in 
mortgage and investment 

This gave way to the BSA 
association simply issuing 
guidance on the timing and 
size of rate changes. 

Tesco may expand in Europe and US 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

Tesco Stores, Britain’s sec- 
ond biggest grocer and grow- 
ing quickly, is stndying the 
prospects of expansion 
abroad, especially in Europe 
and the United States. 

It is also looking for di versi- 
fication possibilities^ probably 
by acquisition. 

Mr fan MacLaurm, the. 

Rahman, said that the op- 
tions were bring studied m a 
“think tank” approat* to 
planning the group’s future 
beyond tire next five years. 

Mr MacLaurin said that any 
diversification move would be 
based on the early develop- 
ment phase of what would 
promise to be a growth area 
Tesco was unlikely, for 
instance, to buy a 
yourself - chain because that 

was already a mature market. 
But be pointed out: “It does 
not mean we would , not look 
at particular deals if they were 

Mr MacLaurin emphasised 
that Tesco’s present preoccu- 
pation was to complete the 
build-up of fts chain of 
superstores, marry on, the edge 
of towns. The fink between 
Tesco and Marks and Spencer 
in jointly developing district 
shopping centres is being 
strengthened. Work begins 
soon at Gbeshunt, Hertford- 
shire, where an M & S store 
will go up near a Tesco outlet; 
with half a dozen smaller 
shops. Five to six sites for 
similar Joint developments 
are bring examined. 

Tesco has just sold an 

Ian MacLaarin: “options are 
being studied” 
unprofitable shops chain in 
Northern Ireland and also the 
successful Victor Value chain 
of smaller outlets in Britain 
which were fully equipped 
with electronic point of sale 
(EPOS) systems. 

These had been a valuable 
EPOS testbed, said Mr Mac- 

Laurin, who sees EPOS going 
into afl the key Tesco outlets. 

But Tesco is not targeting 
edge-of-town sites only for its 
stores. Among in-town devel- 
opments are stores at Brixton, 
Lewisham and Epping in the 
London area and Weston- 
super-Mare in the west 

Mr MacLaurin was intro- 
ducing the 1 5th erf" his 
company's occasional papers 

. The paper looks at the 
growing debate over the future 
of high streets in Britain's 
more traditional market 
towns and argues for a con- 
structive planning approach 
more on the tines round on the 
Continent and in the US. 

The High Street ofTomomm: 
copies available from Tesco, 
Tesco House, PO Box 18. 
Delamare Road, Cheshum, 
Hens EN8 9SL. 

Tokyo to 
yen rise 

From David Smith, Tokyo 

The Japanese government 
will resist attempts to force up 
the value of the yen further, to 
help reduce the country's huge 
trade surplus. 

Last week in Washington, 
the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, Mr Nigel Lawson, 
said that there was widespread 
agreement that the yen needs 
to rise further. 

However, Mr Yasuhiro 
Nakasone, the Japanese Prime 
Minister who left at the week- 
end for talks in the United 
States with President Reagan 
and leading congressmen, will 
argue strongly that this is not 
the way to direct Japan's trade 

Mr Nakasone, armed with 
the Maekawa report on chang- 
ing the structure of the Japa- 
nese economy, and details of 
his economic package an- 
nounced last Tuesday, will try 
to convince the US that Japan 
has already taken big steps to 
cut its trade surplus. 

The difficulty for Japan is 
that the foil in the world oil 
price and the delayed effects ol 
the yen’s rise on trade — the 
inverted J-curve — will mean 
that the trade surplus is likely 
to widen, probably to between 
$70 billion and $80 billion this 

Japanese ministers and 
businessmen say that the yen’s 
sharp shift from above 240 to 
below 1 80 against the dollar to 
already having considerable 
effects on the economy 

A strong yen rise from the 
present 178 level would hi! 
small and medium-sized busi- 
nesses hard and damage Mi 
Nakasone's already slim 
chances of remaining in office 
beyond this autumn. 

under US 

From Bailey Morris 

The Japanese Prime Minis- 
ter, Mr Yasuhiro Nakasone 
arrived in Washington yester- 
day amid signs that Western 
nations are becoming impa- 
tient with Japan’s slow 
progress in recycling its huge 
trade surplus. 

Mr Nakasone is anxious to 
achieve harmony and lay the 
ground work for a more 
dramatic announcement at 
next month's economic sum- 
mit in Tokyo to demonstrate 
for domestic political con- 
sumption that Japan is accept- 
ed as an equal by other 
industrialized nations, offi- 
cials said. 

For this reason, he has 
asked that the two days of 
bilateral talks which began 
yesterday at the Presidential 
retreat Camp David concen- 
trate on global political issues 
such as terrorism, disarma- 
ment and the Philippines. 

But US officials said that 
trade will remain a dominant 

At a meeting of world 
finance ministers in Washing- 
ton last week officials made 
clear they intend to put re- 
newed pressure on Japan to 
open its economy to western 
goods and to allow the yen to 
rise further. 

“The feet that Japan is now 
screaming about the rise in the 
yen, saying rt has gone up too 
far too fast, means that the 
medicine to working,” a US 
official said. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Exclusive: the new 
world debt plan 

At last week's Washington meetings, 
the United States Treasury Secretary. 
James Baker, announced that the key 
industrial governments had endorsed 
his plan for feeding $40 billion of new 
money into economies worst hit by 
the the international debt crisis, and 
that this plan bad received “an 
unprecedented joint statement of 
.support by the managing director of 
the International Monetary Fund and 
the president of the World Bank”. 

Mr Baker’s critics have become 
restless, pointing out that his plan has 
been a little slow to yield results. But 
the task of reshaping the debt strategy 
is a big one. Neither the IMF, the 
World Bank nor the US Treasury 
have found it easy to formulate 
criteria for the new loans. 

No such inhibitions seem to bother 
the US State Department, from 
which the following blueprint, which 
has found its way into other foreign 
ministries, is said to have originated. 
Coded top secret, of course. 

Official Application Form for the 
Baker Plan 

Instructions: Please print or type in 
English. Do not leave any items blank 
or your country may be declared 
ineligible for medium-term financ- 
ing. Although this is an application 
form, it is neither offer to buy nor to 
sell the Baker plan, which can be 
done only by a a prospectus. The 
Securities and Exchange Commission 
has not expressed an opinion about 
the Baker Plan. Any representation to 
the contrary is a criminal offense. 

Send completed form to US Trea- 
sury, Washington, EX!. 

1. Coontry/Continent. OT lndian nipees? YeS/n0 "" 

11. Method of delivery (circle one): 

2. Person who is knowledgeable 
about the country's economy. 

-Name (Mr, Miss, Mrs, Dr, country’s account with (bank) in New 
Pres ident-for- life, H.E.) York, c) Send to my Swiss bank 

a) I wifi pick up 
Washington, DC, 

on next 
b) telex 

tnp to 
to my 

3. Form of Government (circle one): 

a) Geuninely Democratic Republic, 

b) People's Republic, c) Military 
Junta, d) One-man Military Dictator- 
ship, e) Generic Dictatorship, f) 
Bloody-minded Dictatorship, g) 
Benevolent Dictatorship. 

4. Method of accession to power 
(circle one): a) Democratic election, 
b) Rigged election, c) One-party state 
with pro forma election, d) Deposed 
predecessor in bloodless coup, e) 
Deposed predecessor in bloody coup 
because of rampant corruption that 
tarnished the sacred reputation and 
innocent honor of my country, f) 
Deposed predecessor because I want 
to be the boss myself and because he 
humiliated me. 

5. Please list all of your country’s 
assets, including physical assets. 
Assign value in US$ at the lower of 
market or acquisition price. For fixed 
assets associated with white elephant 
projects, for which there is no market 
value, specify the present value ofthe 
return on investment over a 20-year 
period, discounted at 13.465%. For 

account, d) Federal Express. 

The undersigned attests to the 

(i) that he/she is duly authorized to 

undertake financial commitments on 
behalf of the government of 

(ii) That if found qualified, the said 
government will comply with all of 
terms and conditions of the^ Baker 
plan, including sustafneef-im- 
magic-of-lhe-marketplace-and-com - 
mand-support-of-ihe-l M F-and- 

tiii) The undersigned moreover 
pledges all of the government’s 
foreign exchange reserves, real prop- 
erty, wealth of its subsoil and future 
export earnings as collateral for any 
loans received under the Baker plan. 
(Note that collateral cannot be 
pledged more than once.) 


Sarah Hogg 

Economics Editor 

GROUP pic 

Mercury International Group has been formed to bring together 
the businesses of S.G. Warbu rg & Co.. 

Akroyd & Smithers, Rowe & Pitman and Mullens &. Co. 

The merger of our four firms into a single group is designed to 
meet the requirements of our U.K. and international clients in 
the new- market conditions. The new group will engage in 
merchant banking, securities distribution, trading and research 
and in asset management. 

It is expected that The Stock Exchange will allow' dual capacity 
trading to begin on 27th October 1986. We will then be able to 
operate as an integrated firm in the UK. However, in 
international markets we are already working together and 
starting to reap the benefits of the merger. 

We will be in a position to back our advice to corporate and 
institutional clients with the capacity to mobilise our own 
expertise and capital in issuing, distributing and trading 
in a broad range of securities. 

We have formed our group to provide our clients with wider and 
better services and to provide our shareholders with a broadly- 
based investment in today's rapidly developing 
international financial markets. 

S.G. Warburg & Co. Ltd. 

Akroyd & Smithers PL.C. 

Rowe & Pitman, Mullens & Co. Ltd. 

S.G. Warbu rg/Rowe & Pitman, Akroyd Ltd. (Rowak) 
Mercury Asset Management Ltd. 

London. New York. Tokyo. Geneva. Zurich, 

Boston, San Francisco. Johannesburg. Jersey. 

Hong Kong, Melbourne. Sydney. 

crops rotting in the field, assign value 
of 10 per cent of market price, where 
this is a 5-year moving average- 

Fo reign exchange reserves 

Real property held abroad (eg, 
Swiss chalets, villas on the Riviera, 

condos in Miami) 

Used Mercedes Benzes 

The shirts on your people's backs . 

White elephant projects 

Other elephants (value of ivory 


Minerals in the ground and in 

storage — 

Other assets (eg. matchsticks) 

6. Attach a separate sheet listing all 
debts, broken down by creditor. 
Include those debts which your 
country has no intention of paying, 
depite protestations to the contrary 
(eg, we want to pay our debts because 
we are honorable people, but please 
help us by giving us more money). 
List also debt service due every year 
through 1990. Include prospective 
interest on gap financing. 

7. List 5 references from respect- 
able financial institutions (ie, not in 
the Cayman islands or Liechtenstein) 

8. Provide a short economic history 

of your country. Discuss only rele- 
vant issues (ie, not the colonial or 
neo-colonial exploitation of your 
country’s labor and resources). Do 
not exceed space provided. 

9. Where do you see your country 

economically in 10 years? 

10. How much money do you need? . 

If US dollars are not available, are 
you willing to accept Somali shillings 



22 . . ... THE T IMES — , tht* » or** -a**-**® 

.==^^ ; 








■ ■*&= 


Argyll has managed ADP since August 1979. Since then, we have built a business which, with the acquisition of Barton Brands in the US, 

has grown from minimal profits to £13 ■! million in 1985. 

Argyll Group PLC. 








\ ‘-.I 

• • V' 


s ■ ■ ... V 

Tv -r 


' >;*- 
v * > ; 

The Bank of England was 
built around the turn of the 
19th ceniuTy, but hs prove- 
nance is Jar older. Money 
flowed round the Square Mile 
during the Middle Ages, as 
the great monastic bouses 
located dose to the river in 
the east of the City lent to the 
King. Small wonder that a 
faintly cloistered atmosphere 
cfings to Threadneedle Street. 

It is also not surprising that 
the Bank has its scribes, to 
chronicle heroic deeds 
against the Forces of Dark- 
ness in the market. Just as the 
monasteries kept their daily- 
records centuries ago, the 
Bank of England publishes a ' 
Quarterly Bulletin. 

The Bank’s scrivener is 
known as Brother BilL He 
leads a hazardous life. As he 
maunders through the Bank; 
compiling his data and com* 
posing his thoughts for the 
next Bulletin, senior officials 
leap out at him from their 
offices, exclaiming: “Did you 
see that brilliant coup of mine 
in the market today? Don't 
fonset to note that down 

Then they fly back to their 
dens, leaving Brother Bill to 
wander on. His problem is 
straightforward. The Bank is 
always in the thick of things, 
but the house style is intu- 
itively biased towards the flax 
and the opaque. Both the 
ebbs and flows of the Bank's 
fortunes, as well as the bril- 
liance of its officials, need to 
be encompassed within a 
single stylistic discipline. 
Brother Bui is heavily into 

The latest issue of the 
Quarterly Bulletin is a mas- 
terpiece, required reading for 
all dose students of that 
inscrutable enigma, the Bank 
of England mind. Not a lot 
shows on the surface. The 
Bulletin trundles through fee 
usual macro-economic data, 
restating fairly mechanistical- 
ly concern about rapid earn- 
ings growth. Just as dutifully, 
the Chancellor's tub-thump- 

ame set and match to 
he Bank of England 


ing optimism about the Brit- 
ish economy is given some 

- But behind the studied 
ecclesiastical calm, a sense of 
whoopee exhilaration runs 
through the prose. The De- 
cember to March qnarter 
contains one of the Bank's 
greatest ever triumphs in its 
dealings with the market 
Paragraph by measured para- 
graph, the Bank spells out 
more or less what happened. 

\ The markets expected in- 
terest rates in the new year to 
rise to 14 per cent, just as they 
had done the previous year. 
Operating from carefully pre- 
pared positions, the Bank 
managed to contain the 
market's push for costlier 
money in a 1 per cent rise. As 
the speculative storm blew 
itself out, the catapult reac- 
tion began in the gilt-edged 
market. But the bounce-back 
was disproportionately great- 
er, because rates had not risen 
comm ensure tely higher. 

In the recovery, and hitting 
the bears on the break, the 
Bank pushed the market 
ahead so strongly that gilts 
rushed through the 10 per 
cent yield barrio-. 

The table on page 35 of the 
Bulletin tells' nearly all the 
story. The table details stock 
issued during the quarter. 
Before Christmas, stocks 
were being sold to the market 
on 10 per cent plus coupons. 
By March, the rates were 
down to 8 per cent in a 
cadenza of felling coupons. 

. The Bank worked much of 
its magic through one crucial 
set of figures — the money 
supply numbers for banking 
January. These were unex- 
pectedly good. Broad money 
grew by just 0.1 per cent, 
compared with market fears 
of around 3 per cent. Traders 
were delighted, and the ana- 
lysts were chagrined. Gilts 

The final paragraph on 
page 31 of the Bulletin con- 
tains most of the ingredients 

of the fix. Brother Bill refers 
to the unusually large revi- 
sions to the Bank's estimates 
of daily shortages in the 
market, most notably con- 
cerning the net Exchequer 

The published Exchequer 
figure is a key contributor to 
analysts’ estimates of the 
CGBR during any one . 
month. Bnt as the Bank's 
scribe makes dear, the pub- 
lished estimates were usd ess. 
The cash came in via a 
different route, mainly pur- 
chases of certificates of tax 
deposit Brother Bill goes on, 
in dead-pan style: “The net 
Exchequer position is sepa- 
rately identified in the initial 
daily published forecasts at 
9.45 am. These forecasts 
indicated average daily flows 
from the Exchequer of some 
£40 million. The published 
revisions, at 2.1 S pm, which 
do not separately identify the 
net Exchequer position, indi- 
cated an average variation 
from forecast against the 
market of some £55 milli on. 
In feet, the actual Exchequer 
position was on average some 
£90 million more against the 
market than in the original 

And the discrepancy, of 
course, stemmed from 
encashment of the certi ficate s 
of tax deposit. Selling CTDs 
to the industrial sector meant 
tax payments were not taken 
through the hank ing system. 
Cashing the CTDs late meant 
they did not show up in 
money market flows. Brother 
Bill records this piece of 
transcendental duplicity 
without a tremor. 

The authorities were equal- - 
Iy successful in their funding 
policy. A year previously, 
when funding was linked to 
monetary targeting, net cen- 
tral government debt sales 
were more than £3 billion. 
This year’s change in funding 
policy, coupled with a declin- 
ing PSBR. trimmed debt sales 
to just £QL2 billion. Heavy 

first-quarter central govern- 
ment cash surpluses were 
thus free to go back into the 
market. They helped to push 
rates down via bill purchases 
without the countervailing 
upward pressure on yields 
caused by an aggressive tap- 
ping policy. 

On the final component of 
the strategy, the authorities 
may have simply got lucky. 
Pressure undoubtedly existed 
for higher rates. The authori- 
ties resisted this. After a time, 
the pressure gradually shifted 
into the foreign exchange 
market and sterling declined 
in a relatively orderly way. 
But markets foiled to take 
fright at the implicit devalua- 
tion, because of the gyrations 
in the oil price. In other 
words, the Bank of England 
managed to hit the world 
bond market rally spot on 
target, and derive the maxi- 
mum benefit from the 
changed perception of infla- 

The Chancellor's reactions 
to this remarkable new year 
tour de force would make 
interesting reading. Years 
ago, he dismissed the Bank in 
an epic phrase: “Wrong poli- 
cies, brilliantly executed”. 

With the authorities in 
such fine fettle, it seems 
timely to announce a few 
changes in the format of The 
Times Monday gilt coverage. 
From this week onwards, a 
range of fresh contributors, 
but not excluding the present 
writer, wfl] start to take a 
bow, starting with Stephen 
Lewis of Phillips & Drew. A 
broader spectrum of market 
views will be available in the 
run-up to Big Bang. 

Writing the column has 
been fun over the last six 
months, not least because of 
the havoc a few stray lines of 
Latin have caused Monday 
morning commuters across 
the country. Ave tuque Vale i 

Christopher Dunn 

Orion Royal Bank 

(LG <4 120 

2.1 n U 14.7 

38 39 17.4 

3.1 U1U 
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i pbwob 
• Ram? A (ptn 

4 Gnf 

i news iwcnaai) 
) Pitman 
1 PwMy Rmk> 

) Pa Pn 
> n * aseto Dane* 
I Ran Invest 
I Ray*>ee 


9.161X100 Pronouns 
8.709 000 Pnmnpnni 
1275XJM) Properr, T s 

3XHJXU Phi Tana Control 
1.550000 Reliant Mow 

3.796.000 Rmfcl IDAS 

1632.000 Oefle A How 
7.707000 RutkM <Gj 

43 7.2 76 

56 36 14.7 
40 00 840 

. . 8 . . 5.7 

20 15 lOO 

40 36 ISO 
TO 15 87.7 
1.7 63 60 

25 64 15.1 
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36 39 143 
43 <30 41 

40 32103 

24 1.7 353 
34 £5384 
2-6 £7 133 

203 24 280 
106 20 21.1 
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1.4 33 130 

63 23 132 

40 131 114 
30 32 17.7 
lO 38 63 
70 70 131 
25 60 163 
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01 01 .. 
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50 36 105 

USM S - Z 


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I feuis-c 13 

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I Became Data P 100 
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I Enaratamm Prod B 
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45 33 8021X1 

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+20 256 .. 

.. .. 200 

-IS 70 37 131 

.+1 24 32 413 

-10 161 20 165 

p& 53 




First steps for building professionals 

Two USM platings this 
week mark the dfebut of a new 
type ofbusiness on the market 
— building-, professionals.* 
County Bank and the stock- 
broker Phillips & Drew- are 
bringing in Ernest Green and 
Partners, a structural en- 
gineering consultancy, while 
Capel-Cure Myers is broker to 
D.Y. Davis, an architectural 
and environmental services 

The arrival ofthe two issues 
in Ihe same week may be 
coincidental but the reasons 
for going public are not, and 
this development is a sign of 
the revolution under way in 
the industry. 

Traditionally, building pro-; 
fessionals have ran their busi- 
nesses as partnerships so that 
the industry has remained 
highly fragmented and the fee 
scales uncompetitive. In re- 

cent years, however, that has 
started to change. 

. The customers — large con- 
. sfruction groups and property 
de velopers — increasingly seek 
firms which can offer a wider 
range of disciplines .for the 
large commercial projects. 

At the beginning of this 
month Sir Gordon Borrie, 
director-general of the Office 
of Fair Trading, indicated to 
foe Association of Consulting 
Engineers that he would con- 
sider taking action under the 
Fair Trading Act unless the 
rules “which constitute a pos- 
sible restricting effect” on fee 
scales were changed. 

' Clearly the opportunity now 
exists for more aggressive 
firms to win market share by 
offering a broad and efficient 
range of services at a more 
competitive price. 

Ernest Green and Partners 
was founded in 1959 and in 

the past few years has shifted 
towards a client base predomi- 
nantly in the retail, office and 
leisure sector. However, it has 
also been a pioneer in town 
centre redevelopment. 

D.Y. Davis, based in Rich- 
mond, Surrey, is a younger 
company founded in 1969, 
and offers its clients a multi- 
disciplinary architectural ser- 
vice produced from in-house 

They are rumoured' to be 
the first of several flotations in 
this area this year as the 
industry undergoes an over- 
due restructuring. 

Is Scanre the next P&Dlland 
Industries? Scanro, a manu- 
facturer of sailboards, was set 
up in Newcastle by two 
Swedes and floated on the 
USM in August 1984. 

Pretax profits for 1985 were 
unveiled last week and 
showed an advance of 33 per 

cent to £550,000 after a 
£68,000 goodwill write-off 

Share Drug Stores, the 
USM-quoted cut-price drug 
store, retailer based in the 
south, announced interim pre- 
tax, profits ■ of £851,000, an 
increase of 42 per cent on the 
comparable period last year. 

The dramatic expansion of 
the chain since flotation con- 
tinues apace; the company has 
opened 1 1 new stores so far 
this year and hopes to open a 
further 14 in the remainder of 
the second half. 

To fund this heady rate of 
capital expenditure the com- 
pany is now raising £3.8 
million in a one for six rights 
issue at 265p. 

Isabel Unsworth 

The author is a member of the 
smaller companies unit at 
Phillips <£ Drew. 










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i TO TnsMro i65 

i Tempo Bar 165 

i ThroomoRon 300 

i Tnrojj Socuad Cap 345 
i Tram Oewuie 180 

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i US Deoanbae 258 
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586 47 33.1 
546 25 520 
107 50272 
2-fib 2.7 487 
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636 30 360 
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119 49 35.9 

SO 28 470 
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14.7 168 10.1 
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226 44 382 
22 34 468 
33 30 40.4 

42 21714 
13.76 4.1 343 




* •* * 


TODAY — Interims: High- 
land Distilleries, Rand Mines. 
Finals: Robert Adlard, Baillie 
Gifford Technology, Bou- 
Stead, Dewhirst (I J), Fortnum 
& Mason, MCD Group, 
Parambe, Thurgar Bandtex. 

TUESDAY —Interims: Ga- 
ble House Properties, Glaxo 
Holdings. Finals: Bo water In- 
dustries, Bowthorpe, Helene 
of London, Hyman, Lawrence 
(Walter), London Park Hotels, 
Owners Abroad, Petrocon 
Group, President Entertain- 
ments, Savoy Hotel, Sindall 
(William), Steel Brothers 
Holdings, Taylor Woodrow, 
Telephone Rentals. 

WEDNESDAY — Interims: 
Ad west Group. Fisher (Albert) 
Group, Wade Potteries, 
finals: Allied Plant Group, 
APV Holdings, British Mo- 
hair Holdings, Brumous 
(Musselburgh), Carlton Indus- 
tries, EIS Group, Etam, Rich 
& Comany Design Consul- 

tants, Fogarty. Frost Group, 
Hall (Matthew), Hawker 
Sidddey, Higgs and Hill 
Juliana's Holdings, Northern 
Engineering Industries, 
Turriff Corporation, United 
Ceramic Distributors. 

THURSDAY — Interims: 
Kalamazoo. McKechnie 
Brothers, New Central Witwa- 
tersrand Areas, North Atlantic 
Securities Corporation. 
Finals: Assam -Dooars Hold- 
ings, Bentalls, BETEC, 
Brewmaker, Brit Empire. Ex- 
Lands, Gold & Base Metal 
Mines, Hestair, Laporte In- 
dustries (Holdings), Scottish 
Mortgage & Trust, Smaller 
Companies International 
Trust, Tilbury Group, West- 
ern Dooars Tea Holdings, 
Wordplex Information 

FRIDAY - Interims: Berry 
Trust, Chrysalis Group, Kwik 
Save Discount Group. Finals: 

jr Incorporated 14th April, 1986. 

An alliance of two established names in the international securities industry, 
Buckmaster &’ Moore: Institutional Business. Market Making,. Investmenl 
Management Credit Suisse: Triple ‘A 1 Bank. Worldwide Asset Management 
Address* Credit Suisse Buckmaster & Moore Ltd., The Stock Exchange, London EC2 2JT. 
Telephone:'01-588 2868 telex: 883229. 

7 urKn (Head office) Afiu'Dhatt Atlanta Beijing • Beirut Bogota Buenos Aires Cairo Calgary Caracas 
rjwrono Frankfurt Furth Hong Kong Houston Johannesburg- London Los Angeles Luxembourg Manama 
laahrakj) Melbourne Mexico City Miami Monte Carlo Montreal Nassau (Bahames) New Ybrir Numberg 
Osaka Panarfta Pans Rro-de Janata San Francisco Sao Paulo Singapore Tfehran • Tokyo Toronto 

Base Rate 

BCC announces 
that from 14th April, 1986 
its base rate is changed 
from 11%% to 11% 

Bank of Credit and Commerce International 



are pleased to announce that from 
12 April 1986 

their two firms have merged 
and that with immediate effect 
the combined business 
will be trading from the addresses below 


Rowe & Pitman, 
Mullens & Co. Ltd. 

1 Finsbury Avenue 
London EC2M 2 PA 
Telephone: 01 606 1066 
Telex: 89524S5 


Asset Management 

Rowan - Mullens 
Management Ltd. 

33 King William Street 
London EC4R 9AS 
Telephone: 01 638 5678 
Telex: S8847S 




— old “ 

From your portfolio card chock your 
eight share pnee movements. Ada item 
up to give you ycur overall tottL (.nee* 
this against the daily dividend figure 

E blistied on this page- IF it majehes you 
vc outright or 3 shun? of liw tOlfli 
datlv prize money stated If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
tack of vour card. You must always have 
%our card available when claiming. 


£ 6 , 000 - 

Claims required for 
+27 points 


No. Ceopuy 


Bwni Chenu 




11 M smm Si Autiyn 
13488m Stand Owl 

1 00 3rd Unon 




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18 43 

60 102 

66 809 

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r.M oicn— 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your cuilytotals 
for the weekly dividend of £4.000 in 
Saturday's newspaper. 



Sioc* o m - 
C Stock 

Pnea O OA tnt Grow 

SHORTS (Under Five ' 

794m Tr»» 3*» '986 
1098m Even 10 .•*• 1988 
H5lm T>e*» 12“* '966 

59 Tm Trees 8 :■» 190A-88 
6XX E»31 2 :S 1988 

1023m E*SH l J • '986 
1283m 6*ch 13V+ 1M7 
1005m Trees CIO .*« 198; 
BKn. Eien 2 '• '987 
1566m EM* 10 :S 1987 
5+6m Fund 8 1 99 6-87 

1612m Trem 10*» 1987 
BBftn Tree* 2*. 1987 
2026m Trass ’2*» 'VgT 
tgOm Tr*as .“<• 1985-88 
1497m Em# 10'.-* ■ 1 988 
1171m Tmjs CSHi*, 1988 
1105m Trait ?*• 1978X8 
2078m Trass 9'-. 19OT 
2392m T-w* li '.-*8 iSffl 
1458m Trw? 10 '909 

2473m Eisi I0S 'BBS 
1210 m E*eo 10'<*« 1989 

33Cm Even 2 .*» '"0 

1P5M* Even 11*« '989 
549m Treas S', 198HB 
1293m Em* 11*. 19S0 
1121 m Trees C9'-N '989 
M5« Tr»« 3% 19J9 
itP3m Trew '3*- ]9M 
1399m E-oi 12 j*« 19M 
470m irw 3*, 1990 
59Jm Tram 8 1W-W 
1508m Tmas >0% '990 

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417 8m Ete LU u ai -i w mna 410 

1.817.000 Eiwarone »*m*. “ 

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2034m Fame* Baa 210 

8043m Fjratl 
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6890800 r qnya rt tad> 51 
52790m QBC 198 

6232-000 Growrnnor 100 


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66 U 

• Ex tfmdand ■ En aH b Forecsst dMdgnd e tatertn 

Forecast aarrengo g Ex 
shore spM t Taa-fraa 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Frftitor 

If the big takeover bad 
battles seem inevitably to 
become dashes oHrey person- 
alities then Woolworth. now 
in the sights of Stanley Kalms 
of Dixons, has a problem. 

It has noHalpern or Comas 
figure to field as a mega 
retailin g .p ersonality. Mr 
Kalms, resting on his profits, 
record " and Sis -concept' of. 
“retail engineering” has been 
scornful of Wool worth man- 
agement skills in retailing. 

Things might chang- 
ing as the temperature of this 
battle rises further, and until 
now the man in the van of the 
Wool worth counter-charge 
may have seemed an unlikely 
choree as chief protagonist 

Geoffrey Mulcahy (pro- 
nounced Mulkeye), aged 43. 
the new chief executive at 
Wootwbrth,'has been various- 
ly described as somewhat shy, 

rather unassuming amt lairi 


His chairman, cm a part- 
time baas, is Sir Kenneth 
Durham who in May steps 
down- as executive chairman 
of Unilever, one of the world's 
largest consumer goods com- 

These hew appointments 
follow the retirement of John 
Beckett who has led the three- 
and-a-quarter-year attempt to 
wake up the Woolwonh sleep- 
ing giant 

There is more to the new 
chief executive than has been 
seen so for. Some colleagues 
enthuse over his having one of 
the quickest brains in British 




chief shows his style 

Geoffrey Mulcahy: “Everybody asked why 1 was going into Mission Impossible.' 

Mam & Company. 
; BCC1 

Gmsottatod fids 11.00% 

Continental Trust 11.50% 

Cooperative Bank. — 11.00% 

j C. Horn & Co 11.00% 

(Tends Bank 11.00% 

NS Westminster : 11.00% 

Royal Bank of Scotland 11.00% 

I ra -- 11-00% 

Citibank NR 11.00% 

t Mocnoce Bate Rate. 

Certainly he is a man accus- 
tomed to dealing with big 
companies and rcushes those 
faced with change. He says: 
“When I came over to Wool- 
worth everybody asked why. I 
was going into Mission 
Impossible." And he grins. 

He describes his career as 
“managed change”. He was 
bom in Sunderland, the son of 
a civil engineer, left Manches- 
ter University with a degree in 
chemistry, and physics and 
while with Esso emerged from 
two years at Harvard as an 
MBA (Master of Business 
: Administration). 

Then he was financial direc- 
tor of the US multinational 
Norton Abrasives' European 
division and in 1977 was 
recruited to British Sugar by 
Mr Beckett as financial direc- 
tor. He went over to Wool- 
worth in 1984 and became 
group managing director. . 

At the weekend Mr Mnl- 
cahy made a determined, dash 
out of his shell in an interview 
with The Times. . 

He compared what he de- 
scribed as the complexity of 
Wool worth with Dixons: “We 
have over 14 'million square 
feet of selling space while he 
has 1 J mfllion.” 

He said: “Mr Kalms does 
not have much in the way of 
outlets out of or edge of town. 
What we are talking about is 
running a very large 

But what of Mr Kahns’ 
strictures on lack of retailing 
experience at the top of Wool- 
worth? Mr Mulcahy said: 
“I've been doing some arith- 
metic. On our several boards 



The Bank of England announces that Her Majesty's Iteasury has 
created on 1 1th April 1986. and has issued to the Bank, additional 
amounts as indicated of each of the Stocks listed below: 

£100 million 2} per cent EXCHEQUER STOCK, 1990 
CIOO million 93 per cent CONVERSION STOCK. 2001 

£100 miffion 7j per cent TREASURY LOAN. 2012-2015 
£100 million 2J percent INDEX- LINKED TREASURY 

STOCK. 2D16 

The price paid by the Bank on issue was hi each case the middle 
market dosing price of the relevant Stock on 11th April 198S as 
certified by the Government Brakac. 

In each case, tfta amount issued on 1 1th April 1986 represents a 
furt h er tranche of the relevant Stoi*. ranking in all respects pari passu 
with that Stock and subject to the terms and conditions applicable 
to that Stock, and subject also to the provision contained in the final 
paragraph of this notice: the current provisions for Capital Gains %x 
are described below • 

Copies of the prospectuses for 23 per cent Exchequer Stock. 1990 
dated 17th January 1988. 10J percent Treasury Convertible Stock. 
1987 dated 27th Mary 1983 (which contained the terms of issue of 
S3 per cent Conversion Stock, 2001). 73 per cent Treasury Loan. 
2012-2015 dated 21st January 1972 and 2} per cent index- Linked 
Treasury Stock, 2016 dated 14th January 1983 may be obtained at 
the Bank of England. New Issues, VMnting Street, London. 
EC4M 9AA, . . 

Application has been mads to the Cornea of The Stock Exchange tor 
each further tranche of stock to be admitted to the Official List. 

The Stocks are repayable, and interest Is payable haft-yearly, on the 
dates shown below fin the oass of 2i per cam Index-Linked Treasury 
Stock, 20 1 6 provision is matte m the prospectus for stockholders to 
be offered the right of early redemption under certain circumstances): 

Suck Redemption dse burnt papmtdbtas 

par cent Exdnqoar Stock. 1990 22nd Nmemtar 1990 22nd Stay 


99 per cert Commit* Sax*. 2001 10th Aa fl uB J flM 


73 per rent leaaiy loan. 

2fih January 2015, cron 2&AJmay 
or a ary bow afar 26th 2GAJdy 

Jausy 2012 sdqectKnm 
less tin tina manta' 

2 } per rent bdtt-lntod "foamy 26th JJy 2016 2fiTti Jancay 

Stock. 2016 . 2fidi'Jnly 

2i per cent Exchequer Stock, 1390, 93 per cent Conversion Stock. 
2001 and 72 per cent Treasury Loan. 2012-2015 are repayable at 

Both die principal of and the interest on 2J per cam Index-Linked 
treasury Stock, 2016 are indexed to the General Index of Retail 
prices: The Index figtve relevant to any month is that published seven 
months previously and rotating to the month before the month of 
pubfication. The Index figure relevant to the month of issue of 2J par 
cant Index-Linked Treasury Stock, 20 16 is that rotating to May 1982 
(322.0). The relevant Index figure will be used for the purposes of 
calculating payments of principal and interest due .in respect of the 
further tranche of Stock. 

The reievant f^wroa fbr the hatf-yearfy intwest payments on 23 
per cent Index-Linked Treasury Stock. 2016 are as fbttows: . 

Jun of Ae prawns yer 
Decenbar of da prenus year 



The further tranche erf 2J par cent Exchequer Stock, 1990 wiB rank 
for the interest payment of £0.8220 per cent to be made on 22nd 
Mav 1986. The further tranches of 93 per cant Conversion Stock. 
2001, 72 per 6801 Treasury Loan, 2012-2015 and per cent 
(ndex-Liriced Heasury Stock, 2016 war rank far a fuff six months' 
interest on the next interest payment date applicable- to the relevant 

2J percent Exchequer Stock, 1 990 wjH be specified, end 92 per cent 
Conversion Stock. 2001 . 73 per cent Troeairy Uwi, 2 012-20 15 and 
7k nee cant Index-Linked Treasury Stock. 2016 are specified, under 
SKt^lTscheduie 2 to the Capital Gains Tix A« 1979 as 
nAt.^Hoad securities (Under current legislation exempt from tax on 
S^S^ontfsposate made on or after 2nd July 1986. 
the penodfor which the Stocks are hekfl. 

statemamtasued by Her Majesty VTraBUfy 

m* 29 thMaY 1985 which explained tiatiUTtheaitBrest of the ordwfy 

StSct ^fiscal policy neither Her Majesty fl Government nor the 
Rankof England or their respective servants or agems undertaken 
SS KKcSnges decided on but not yet announced, «*ni where 

^^SavmadficaBv affect tt» terms on wtach, or the conditions 

** of node «s«d or ^dby or 

ho accepted for any omission to mace suen n joosura; ena 
Star raider any trencaction Bebte to be 
«r give rise to any .claim for compensation. 


1 1th April 1986 — 

there are 450 years of retailing 
experience. On the Holdings 
main board there is 150 years' 

He had in mind main board 
members such as Mr Peter 
Firraston-Williams, who 
made his reputation as bead of 
Asda. the superstores chain, 
and who is a nonexecutive 
director Mr Michael Hofiing- 
benr, the Comet chairman; 
and the two joint managing 
directors of the main high 
street Woolwonh chain, Mr 
Colin Brown, formerly of 
Littiewoods Stores and Makro 
and Mr Richard Harker, ex- 

There had been consider- 

able management recruitment 
from outside with about 40 
new fuses in marketing, buy- 
ing and merchandising among 
other sections. Two-thirds of 
the management of the high 
street chain was new, he said. 

“We have the key team in 
place and it will continue to be 
strengthened as necessary,” he 

Mr Mulcahy claimed that 
while the high street chain has 
been the problem there were 
now improvements showing 
through. The main focus over 
the past three years has been, 
to improve margins in the' 
high street stores which was 
why food and adult dothing 
were being phased out. The 

profit tumround last year 
arose mainly from improved 
profit in key departments 
rather than good housekeep- 
ing and efficiency measures. . 

In six sectors on which the 
chain will now concentrate, 
sales a square foot over the 
past two years had increased 
by some 55 per cent, while 
gross profit was up by 49 per 
cent, he said 

The six target areas were 
items for children including 
clothing and toys; gifts and 
sweets; entertainment includ- 
ing records, cassettes and vid- 
eo tapes: home and garden: 
table and kitchenware; and 
personal care products. 

The large ling on these key- 
areas has been named Opera- 
tion Focus. Mr Kalms has said 
that Dixons would transform 
Woolwonh into an exciting 
and coherent chain of home, 
entertainment and leisure 
stores, but without areas like 
children's clothing, stationery 
and cosmetics. Mr Mulcahy 
said this seemed to be “an 
Operation Focus lookalike 
with some exceptions”. 

Woolwonh would continue 
its evolutionary approach. 

His last word on Mr Kalms: 
“He clearly sees the potential, 
as we do. The market he is 
operating in has definite limi- 
tations. He would have to be 
growing at a tremendously 
high rate to justify the Dixons 
level of price-earnings ratio, j 
Plainly he needs us more than 
we need him.” 

Thii aJirrtnc/xfru is issued in compliance with die requirements of the Council of The Slack Exchange, 
fi does not cunsiiiutc an inciiution 10 the public 10 subscribe for or purchase any securities. 



{Incorporated and registered in England under the Companies Acus I94H to I9K1 No. 18744N6) 



43.000. 000 

18.000. 000 


5.000. 000 

100.000. 000 

Share capital of 

Mercury International Group pic 

Ordinary Share*, nf 25p each 

n per cenL A' Convertible Preference Share* off 1 each 
n per cent. "B" Convertible Preference Shares iri £ I each 
"A" Convertible Deferred Share* »*f 25p each 
’B" Convertible Deferred Share-* 2Sp each 
Preference Shares of £ I each 

bared and to be 
h>sued m bdh paid 

* Asttiminc full ULnepunce of the offer dated 3rd March. Ivxn for the share* of Mercury Securiiies pic. 

** The number of Preference Shares iu Iv Issued, the hosts of allocation and the rate of dividend haw not yet 
been determined, but are evjwied u> be announced in July l*Wfi. 

The Council of The Snick Exchange has admitted the Ordinary Shares and A' Convertible Preference Shares af 
Mercury International Group pic issued and to be issued m the Official List. 

Listing Particulars relating io Mercury Iniemational Group ptc and the Issue of Ordinary Shares and 'A' 
Convertible Preference Shares are available from Extd Statistical Services Limited. Copies of such particulars 
may be obtained during normal business hours until 16th April, iwsii from the Companies Announcement 
Office. The Stock Exchange. Throgmorton Street. London EC2P 2BT and on any weekday (Saturdays and 
public holidays excepted j up to and including 28th April. Ivtfh from: 

Mercury International Group pic. 
33 King William Street. 
London. EC-IR IAS. 

Rome & Pitman Ltd- 
1 Finsbury Avenue. 
London. EC2M 2PA. 

14th April. IVK6 

Cazenove & Co., 

1 2 Ti ikenhi mse Yard. 
London. EC2R 7 AN. 


In July there won't be a dry eye in Westminster. 

But today in the Gty of London, there's a marriage of a 
more commercial kind that's well worth your attention. 

Kleinwort Benson is tying the knot with Grieveson Grant. 
The main purpose of the union, of course, is to take full 
advantage of market deregulation, which comes into full effect 
in October. 

Kleinwort Benson is, in terms of capital and assets, 
London's largest international Merchant Bank. 

In the field of corporate finance alone, Kleinwort Benson 
was responsible for over a third of the C2.8 billion of equity 
new issues in the London market last year; far more than any 
other firm. i a. ^.ji 

The 'other half, Grieveson 

Grant, is one of the City’s top stock- 1 fjljjF Vjg *§j|g 
brokers with a widely regarded kjjgSx 

domestic and international investment 

institutions already deal with 

name idem wort Grieveson, will, as 

Members of the Stock Exchange, fJBgjL 

continue to provide stockbroking 

services to clients and will make 1^7 .1 ■■ 

markets in London in a broad range of UK stocks as soon as the 

rules allow. 

It already does so in overseas equities, to complement 
activities in New York and Tokyo. Its dose relation, Kleinwort 
Charlesworth, operates as a gilt-edged market maker in London. 

After Big Bang, a separate subsidiary, Kleinwort Grieveson 
Investment Management, will bring together all areas of 
investment management, private and institutional, at home and 
overseas. It will constitute one of the largest asset management 
houses in the City. 

Kleinwort Benson has long had a major presence around 
the world: in the USA, Europe, Australia and the Far East. 

In its dowry, Grieveson Grant brings additional operations 
in Boston, Hong Kong and Tokyo. (Klein worts and Grievesons 
have already been working together in Tokyo since May 1985). 

To house the new operations in London, we've undertaken 
a massive modernisation programme at 20 Fen church Street, 


- - - *» 

... . "T'TT ■ 

Tkfl Oh/'t nauncl n..linn P. 

and we’ve taken an additional 54,000 square feet next door. 

Such plans may lead you 

to conclude that we intend our Kleinwort Benson 

union to be a rruitruJ one. 

And you'll be absolutely right. The International N ienrhant Bank 

KLEINWORT GRIEVESON AND CO, Members of The Stock Exchange, 20 FENCHURCH STREET, LONDON EC3P 3DB. TEL: 01-623 8000. 

Vi . 

Special bonds for 
job creation urged 

By Onr Financial Editor 

The Go' eminent should 
create a now class of low-cost 
"employ Tien t bond" for pri- 
vate lending to businessmen 
creating jobs on long-term 
projects, a new Bow Group 
paper urges. 

The bonds would cost less 
because lenders would not 
have to pax income tax on the 
interest and the finance could 
be used to fund private sector 
projects whose long-term 
payback period is penalized by 
current high interest rates. 

The authors of the paper. 
Redland executives Mr Gar- 
eth Jones and Mr David 
So&kin. argue that a clause to 
allow the creation of the bonds 
could be inserted in the I9S6 
Finance Bill. 

An employment bond 
would be issued bv a United 
kingdom company to raise 
capita? for a speciiic project 
and. ti? quahf> for authoriza- 
tion b> the Inland Revenue, 
would have to create at least 
one permanent job for every 
£50.000 raised by way of the 

The authors suggest it 
should be limited to £10 
million per project The tends 
would be financed by private 
investors through clearing 
banks, which would market 
them, sell them through their 
branch networks and provide 
a guarantee. 

The paper suggests that the 
bonds could create jobs at 
minimal cost to the Exche- 
quer, since the Government 
would bear only the cost of tax 
relief on the "lower interest 

‘The USA has already- 
proven the efficiency of the 
employment bond". Mr Jones 

and Mr Soskin claim. 

"The Congressional Budget 
Office concludes that the con- 
cept has added 4 J 4 per cent to 
United Stales gross ddomestic 
product over the last five 
vears: in Massachusscts for 
example, thousands of jobs 
were created at a cost of only 
£1.500 per job". 

On that basis, it is argued. £J 
billion raised via employment 
bonds would create more than 
50.000 permanent new jobs. 

The disposal of the assets of 
Cooper Horse Shoe Nail will 
reduce borrowings by £1.7 mil- 
lion. At current interest rates, 
annual savings will be £208.000. 
Other actions taken to cut 
working capital and costs will 
have a further significant effect 
in coming months. 

© VINTEN GROUP: The com- 
pany intends to close the 
Pcri’vale. V»'cst London, facility 
where Vinten Avionic Systems 
and Vinten Circuit Engineering 
are located, over the next four 
months. Work on Vimen Avi- 
onic contracts will be earned out 
at the Bury St Edmunds. Suf- 
folk. factory, while Vmlen 
Circuit's activities will cease. 

A subsidiary. Senior Green, has 
purchased the assets of G W E? 
Industrial Boilers. M and W 
Grazebrook and Cradley Boiler 
from the receivers, together with 
the research and development 

business from G w B Energy 
Developments, for £1.2 million 

dividend (samel for 1985. Turn- 
over £5.93 million (£6.28 mil- 
lion). Profit before tax and 
extraordinary items £1 10.000 
(£30.000). Earnings per share 
O.Sp < less 2.4p). 

The company is to issue, at 
ICON per cent. $75 million (£51 
million) of 8'« per cent notes, 
due 1991. The net proceeds, 
estimated at about $73.6 mil- 
lion. will be used to reduce 

aircraft leasing company, which 
is jointly owned by GP.A Group 
and McDonnell Douglas, has 
arranged a $225 million (£152 
million! (2-year credit facility. 
H will be used to finance LA's 
first 12 McDonnell Douglas 
MD-S3 aircraft, to be delivered 
over ihe next year. 




By Gar Economics Editor 

Last month's Budget pro- 
vided a “modest snarolas to 
the economy", despite the cat 
in public borrowing, according 
to a specialist adviser to the 
Treasury committee of MPs. 
Mr Bill" Martin of Phillips & 
Drew, the stockbroker- 

in a memorandum for the 
committee published today, 
Mr Martin claims budgetary 
policy was eased slightly in the 
Budget, and is likely to be 
eased further in practice as oil 
revenues drop and public 
spending may well exceed 
planned levels. 

The Budget he argues, was 
looser than it looked because 
public borrowing was held 
down by au increase in receipts 

from privatization. 

The pablic sector financial 
deficit which is not affected by 
privatization receipts, will rise 
by about 0.25 per cent of gross 
domestic product in 1986-87. 
Mr Martin calculates. The 
committee should "take 
seriously" the risks of the 
economy over-heating after 
rhe fall in oil prices. 

dend of 1 per cent (nil) for ] 9S5, 

E ayabie on May 30. Turnover 
6.65 million (£6.18 million). 
Pretax loss £140 (£284). Loss per 
share 2.56p (5.85p>. 

company has acquired the Co- 
operative Insurance Society's 30 
per cent interest in Central Land 
Investments (Properties) for 
936.590 ordinary shares in 
Lvnion. Central has a portfolio 
of five freehold properties. 

Petrofina (UK) is to take a 75 
per cent in Graig Exploration, 
with the company retaining 25 
per cent. Petrofina will sub- 
scribe £3.06 million for new 
shares in Graig Exploration and 
will purchase existing shares in 
it for £293.000. Graig Explora- 
tion will repay 10 Graig Ship- 
ping an inter-company loan of 
£ 86 * 0 . 000 . 

dividend for 1985 raised to 

£25m launch for 
lease company 

By Cliff Feltham 

If a small workforce is a sign 
of a company which looks 
after its costs then Combined 
Lease Finance has to be 
among the most cost-efficient 
of them alL 

The company, which is 
being floated on the stock 
market next week with a price 
tag of about £25. million, has 
only 25 employees. 

Backed with cash from the 
National Coal Board pension 
funds, CLF started six years 
ago offering lease finance for 
the purchase of computers, 
motor cars, and plant and 

During this time profits 
have gone up from £30.000 to 
£1.4 million last year. The cost 
of equipment hired for leasing 
has increased from £800.000 
to £26 million. The company 
is not making a profit forecast 
but further significant growth 
is expected this year judging 
from first quarter trading. 

Mr Tony Barnes, aged 54, 
(he managing director who 
began with two employees, 
says each member of staff is 
responsible for £1.8 million of 

i.75p(!.5p). Turnover £123.19 
million (£110.14 million). Pre- 
tax profit £502,000 (£363.0001 

The board warns that Co rider 
has still not succeeded in 
eliminating all the losses which 
continue to drain away profits 
and that this will afreet the 
results for the first half of this 
year. However, it expects a 
marked improvement in the 
second half 

tal dividend for J985 unchanged 
at 1 Op. Turnover £39.45 million 
(£55.67 million). Pretax profit 
£8.93 million (£21.8 million). 
Earnings per share 40.4p 

ERS: The group is to raise $ 1 50 
million (£101 million) through 
Pilkingion Holdings (Delaware) 
by a note issue facility arranged 
by J Henry Schroder Wagg. The 
proceeds will be used for general 

business compared with 
£330,000 for the rest of the 
finance industry. 

To help him get started the 
Coal Board pension funds - 
whose investment chief Mr 
David Prosser, is chairman of 
CLF — pin up £5,000 and a £3 
million tine of credit for a two- 
thirds stake in the venture. 

That holding, reduced to 30 
per cent after a share placing 
last year which brought in 21 
financial institutions, wifi be 
worth about £8 million follow- 
ing the offer for sale by 
bankers N M Rothschild. 

Mr Barnes says the flota- 
tion. to raise about £4.5 
million, will help finance 
moves into other services! He 
is keen to expand a leasing 
business for the microcomput- 
er industry which offers a 
unique maintenance package 
to users and has profits of 
£400,000 a year. 

Much of the group's busi- 
ness is for short periods of 
three years or less which has 
the advantage of reducing the 
credit risk as the capital 
investment is repaid more 

Half-year to Jan. 31, 1986. 
Interim dividend 2.9p (2.5pL 
Turnover £9.73 million (£8.05 
million). Pretax profit £1.03 
million (£946.000). Earnings per 
share 13.59p(12.23p). 

• EQUITY finance 

TRUST: The company is to 
merge with the New York 
Group. This will be effected by 
the acquisition of York Trust for 
£2.85 million, to be satisfied by 
the issue of 10.2 million or- 
dinary (restricted voting) shares. 

HOLDINGS: Contracts have 
been exchanged to acquire the 
freehold of 11 and 13 Grape 
Street, London WC2, for 
£610,000 cash. Tbe acquisition 
is conditional on shareholders' 
appro vaL 

group’s North American retail 
operating unit, Fred S James, 
has unsuccessfully ended 
merger talks with Bayiy, Martin 
and Fay International 

Building societies set 
for further mergers 

By Derek Harris* Industrial Editor 

saa5«sa£S , dis 

easily among building sodet 
ies, even though the past 20 
years has seen annual declines 
m their numbers of up to a 
tenth: • 

In I960 there were 726 
members of the Building Soci- 
eties Association. There are 
now 137, a reduction of more 
than four-fifths. 

Most of the disappearing 
societies were comparatively 
small, and they threw in the 
towel to join bigger societies. 
Even here it has usually 
depended on two sets ot 
managers seeing their way to a 
deal, rather than members 
being the arbiters. 

New legislation could soon 
swing the pendulum. With 
some provisos, a society bent 
on takeover could appeal to 
another society's members 
over the heads of its managers. 
Since the apathy of society 
members has become almost 
legendary, the power could, 
nevertheless, still remain with 
the managers. 

Bui if managers hang on to 
their independence as long as 
they can, the pressures of the 
market place are moving en- 
tirely in the opposite direc- 
tion. More and expensive 
services for customers, the 
mounting competition with 
the banks, ihe increasing so- 
phistication of computer and 
other systems, are all adding 
to the drain on building 
society costs and resources, 
favouring the big and stronger 

Not only is the rate at which 
small societies seek the safety 
of a bigger brother likely to 
rise, but mergers of much 
bigger societies seem on the 

The two big merger plans of 
last year illuminate the key- 
factors at work. The one that 
was the proposed 

National- , .... 

U was said at the time that 
the main reason tor tbe merger 
was to create a society better 
able to take advantage of new 
powers coming to soaeucs 
under legislation due in 1987. 
The move into new areas oi 
business demanded sheer size, 
and financial strength, it was 

ar ft was apparent by Novem- 
ber that there were signs of a 
cultural clash between the two 
societies. The Woolwich 
broke off the talks, citing 
practical problems. There was 
computer system 

incom payability, salary scales 
were different and, while Na- 
tionwide gave its branches 
considerable autonomy, the 
Woolwich tended to keep 
decision-making at head office 

There could only be specu- 
lation as to whether Nation- 
wide. the more powerful 
society, proved too frightening 
a partner. The original logic 
for the marriage — being big is 
the best means of survival - 
seemed hardly to have been 

There was also the merger 
of two big societies which 
came off, and that has also 
carried its lessons for future 
development of the building 
societv movement. 

The’ Alliance and Leicester 
societies came together in 
October after delays as staff 

about 45 branches were ex- 
pected to be dosed toongh 
duplication as the geographi- 
cal spread of the two societies 
was complementary. A no 
job losses’’ commitment over- 
all had satisfied toe Staff 

But the competitive stance 
of the new society was dearly 
enhanced, it nww ready 
to leap on the opportunities 
presented by -new tegislation. 
it expected to be able to make 
fer greater use of advanced 

The pair also happened to 
have the same Burroughs 
corapuicr system, so no tech- 
nology problem intruded. 

Bo lit had a similar co mmit- 
merit to innovation. Leicester 
had brought in the 
Leieestercard. which gives ac- 
cess to cash and entities 
holders to retail discounts. 
Alliance had i merest -bearing 
cheque accounts in a fink with 
the Bank of Scotland. 

The combined group's free 
reserves of capital that could 
be called on quickly was 
around £160 million, tel the 
group was also in a position to 
step up its raising of money 
directly in the City’s money 

A real gain could be in the 
effectiveness of national ad- 
vertising. ' which all - the big 
building societies have been 
pursuing as a promotional 
tool. Those with a near- 

VVIUIA>* cuiwi _ _ 9 . 

associations worried about re- . national spread gain most 
dundancy and other ques- from this sort of promotion. 

tions. The Alliance • and 
Leicester , became the fourth 
biggest society with assets of 
more than £6 billion. 

It was a mega-merger on the 
lines of that between the 
Halifax Permanent and Hali- 
fax Equitable in 1928 — which 
created tbe Halifax Building 
still the world’s 


merger of Nationwide and the Society, 

Woolwich, planned for this biggest, 
year, which would have creat- The society formed by the 
ed a society with assets of £15 Alliance and Leicester had 
biilibn. This would have about two million investors. 

Another underscoring of the 
lesson that big means best. 

The five biggest societies 
account for about 55 per cent 
of an members, bid Mr ft: ter 
Birch. Abbey National’s chief 
executive, has forecast that by 
mid- 1 990 some 80 per cent of 
all assets will be in the hands 
of five "‘mega-societies.*' 
These will co-exist with no 
more than 20 to 30 small but 
well-run regional and focal 

Law Report April 14 1986 Divisional Court 

The Halifax Building Society recognise the potential of 
the leaps technology is making in the world of Viewdata. 

The possibility of endowment mortgage quotations 
while you wait, for instance, starts to become a reality with 

Halifax management have direct access to the main 
computer with the Philips HS110 Viewdata terminal. It's all 
part of providing improved consumer service by seeing 
opportunities for a future now. 

Which is a view we at Philips share. 

Write to us, and you 11 see what your future could hold 
with Philips. 




Please send me further information on Philips Viewdata. 


ftjsition_ _ 

C ompany 



Tel. No II 

To: Philip, Business Syvems. Elekf ra House. Bercholl Rood. 

Cuk holer. Ev*c.\ CCW 5BE. Tel. Sale*. Enquirj Desk 020b 5751 15 

Counsel can accept service 

Penman v Parker 
Before Lord Justice GliticweU 
and Mr Justice Schiemann 
f Judgment given April 1 1] 

In cases where for the pur- 

? ises of section 10 of the Road 
raffle Aci 1972. as substituted 
in Schedule 8 of the Transport 
Act 1981, valid service on a 
defendant could be effected 
through his authorized repre- 
sentative. counsel might in cer- 
tain circumstances accept 
service on behalf of his client, 
although his authority to do so 
was not as general as that of a 
solicitor and he would be per- 
fectly entitled to decline to 
accept service on behalf of his 

The Queen's Bench Di- 
visional Court so held in allow- 
ing an appeal by the prosecutor 
by way of case stated against the 
decision of the Uxbndge Jus- 
tices on May 16 . 1983 to dismiss 
a charge againsi the respondent. 
Peter Reginald Parker of driving 
a motor vehicle on January 6. 
1985 with excess alcohol in his 
blood contrary to section 6(1) of 
the 1 972 Act on the ground that 
he had not been properly served 
with a copy of a certificate 
signed by an authorized analyst 
showing the proportion of al- 
cohol found in the specimen of 
blood provided by the respon- 
dent together with a copy of a 
certificate signed by a medical 

practitioner relating to the tak- 
ing of the specimen. 

Mr David Waters for the 
appellant; Mr Nicholas Wilcox 
for the respondent. 

WELL. giv ing the judgment of 
tbe court, said that it had b e en 
found as a feet by the justices 
that ai the first of three hearings 
before the magistrates, when the 
hearing had been adjourned to a 
later date, the police sergeant on 
duty at the court had served the 
certificate on counsel for. the 
applicant, Mr Nicholas Wilcox, 
the respondeat and his solicitor 
having already left the court. 

A series of cases, the latest and 
mast relevant of which was 
Anderton v Kinnord ( The Times 
February 13. 1985; [1986] RTR 
11), clearly established that for 
the purposes of section 10(5) of 
the 1972 Act as substituted, 
service of such documents need 
not be on the accused himself 
but could be validly effected on 
someone who could be held to 
be his authorized agent. 

The question before the court 
was whether service on counsel 
could be considered valid 

As a generality it seemed that 
counsel did not have an all- 
embracing authority to accept 
sevice. but in a case such as the 
present he could be regarded, 
having been entrusted with the 

conduct of ihe case, to have a 
discretion to accept service of 
documents, although be was not 
bound to do so and would be 
entitled to decline to accept 

In the present instance Mr 
■ Wilcox was in fact the only 
person connected- with the case 
remaining in court and could be 
regarded as having an implied 
authority to do so. 

To the question laid before 
the court, namely whether in the 
light of Anderton v Kinnord the 
justices had been correct in law 
in deciding that the provisions 
of section 10(5) bad not been 
complied with when a copy of a 
certificate signed by an au- 
thorized analyst as to the 
proportion of alcohol found in 
the specimen of Mood provided 
by the respondent and a copy of 
the certificate signed by a medi- 
cal practioner relating . to the 
taking of the specimen had been 
served on counsel representing 
the respondent and not on tbe 
respondent personally or his 
solicitor not less than seven days 
before the hearing, the answer 
was “No". 

In view of the length of lime 
that had transpired the matter 
was not remitted to the justices. 

Solicitors: Solicitor, Metro- 
politan Police; Tony Foss & Co. 

1 GI 


A Member of the UBS Capital Markets Group 


has appointed as 


Peter Engstrom 

The Stock Exchange Building 
London EC2N 1EY 

Telephone: 01-588 6666 Telex: 8811604 

14th April 1986 






The money 
managers you 
can bank on 

Pictures. Jotin Voot 

These are stirring times for encouraging greater competi- 
building society managers- rion in financial services mar- 
Since their rise in the 19th to doing 90 per cent of their 
century, building' societies business in the traditional way 
lave never had so many and there is little likelihood 
opportunities before them to that societies will ever go as fkr 
free such fierce competition in as banks in becoming retail 

their traditional 

of financial conglomerates — un- 
less they take the new option 

During the past IS years the of converting to company 
astonishing success of the status and freeing themselves 
societies al exploiting their from building society legi&la- 
position as providers of, liter- tion altogether, 
ally, a homely service both to Vet they would still have 
savers and home buyers has the power to make hundreds 
forced them into combat with of million of pounds worth of. 
the big banks and brought for example, unsecured loans 
them to the brink of a wider as soon as the new legislation 
role than they ever dreamed of goes through — enough to pose 
in the past as providers of a serious competitive threat to 

general financial services. 

The biggest single event on 

the banks. 

It is the banks that have 

their horizon is the new already suffered most at the 
legislation planned by the hands of the societies, losing 
Government which will allow large chunks of their tradition- 
the societies into areas such as al low cost retail deposits, 
unsecured lending, property About two years ago they 
development, estate agencies, woke up to the situation and 
wider insurance broking and with remarkable speed have 
even selling securities. moved to face the challenge 

The Building Societies Bill . . 

ic riohtivi .k- At a time when the societies 

is rightly described by the ™ a umewnen roe societies 

Government as the most “ be « mmn i 10 compete 
sweeping reform of the restric- "" 
tive legislation that has con- de P°”? *}“ J° med 
trolled societies’ activities for ag8 T sslv f y helping to push 
100 years. Now entering the “P the rates of interest offered 
report and third reading stage ^ 

in the House of Commons ilis SSSlwi. 
due to come into force on 

January 1 next year. .interest ordinary share ac- 

counts of building societies 
. .The Bill stems partly from into new high interest ac~ 
the Government’s policy of counts. Within months the 

kets. In this 
sense it is part 
and parcel of 
the wider rev- 
olution taking 
place in the 
City of Lon- 

the financial 
sector, from 
banking to in- 
surance to the 
stock market, 
barriers are 
and institu- 
tions' are be- ■ 

Most societies 
are now making 
strenuous efforts 
to cut costs 

proportion of 
deposits in or- 
dinary share 
dropped from 
more than 70 
per cent to 
less than 30 

In a more 
recent devel- 
opment, the 
banks have 
now started 
the societies 
more aggres- 
sively in the 

ing forced to broaden ' their market. The banks first en- 
services to keep up with the tered the field in 1978 but 


seemed uncommitted for a 

In theory, at least, the more JongHme. But during the past 
‘A, £ tiu weeks their commitment 

competition there isthe more mortgage lending can harti- 
the consumer benefits from 

better services and lower ‘y be donteed. Tteyted ihe 


way in abolishing the differen- 
tial traditionally charged on 

The Bill is also the result of endowment linked loans 
the building societies' success, above the ordinary repayment 
'With about three-quarters of loan rate, and the big building 
the £121 billion mortgages societies were forced to follow, 
outstanding, the societies’^ Bsatlays Bank . last week 
sets are huge. But it »s thc» became the first institution to 
success in attracting the de^ Cllt its home loan rate ^ 
posits of small investors that cumai round of inlerest rate 

has been most marked. 

reductions — the first time a 

They now account for bank has led the societies in 
slightly more than half of the moving its mortgage rate. 

total £193 billion pool of the 

These developments — both 

were still fat, the cost could be 
borne. Thai is no longer the 
case and most societies are 
now making strenuous efforts 
to cut their expenses. The 
Cheltenham and Gloucester 
has been among the most 
successful in this, bringing its 
costs down towards 7 Op per 
£100 of deposits. 

But the industry average is 
still well over £l per £100 of 
deposits and the societies have 
no other areas of business, as 
banks do, from which they can 
cross-subsidize their costs if 
necessary. 1 

This has provided much of 
the impetus for societies to 
move towards other types of 
business, such as wider insur- 
ance broking, which earn 
healthy comission fees to add 
to the bread and butter busi- 
ness of mortgage lending. The 
more services a society can 
offer from each branch the 
more economical its expen- 
sive branch network will be. 

That is probably an easier 
choice than a painful pruning 
of branch networks. The soci- 
eties have almost uniformly 
refused to do this so for. 
although the rate 'of branch 
growth has virtually halted. 

This also partly explains 
their enthusiasm for gathering 
funds from the wholesale 
money markets which began 
last year and has already led 
them to borrow a gross £30 
billion from that source. They 
were able to do this by ® 
relaxation in the law which 
now allows them to pay 
interest to foreign investors 
gross of tax, maki ng it possible 
to market bonds of various 

The favourite vehicle quick- 
ly became the short-dated 
Floating Rate Note. Its inter- 
est vanes roughly in line with 
the mortgage rate and with a 
maturity of between five and 
10 years it can be made to 
match fairly precisely the life 
of the mortgages being lent out 
by the society. 

Since societies are rated as 
high quality borrowers by the 
markets they are able to raise 
money at fine rates. The 
process of raising the money is 
also considerably cheaper 
than collecting large numbers 
of small deposits through the 
branch network. 

The attractions of wholesale 
funding are obvious and some 
of the instruments being used 
by societies, such as interest 
rate swaps; are becoming in- 
creasingly sophisticated. 

But increasing sophistica- 
tion brings its problems. To- 
wards the end of 0 last year 
Michael Bridge man, the Chief 
Registrar of Friendly Societies 
who supervises the industry, 
uttered dark warnings about 
societies being financially 

sound enough to enter new more on earnings, on margins, 
areas of business. His worry and on profits, 
was that the capital ratios of But it is probably only the 
most societies would not be biggest societies that this’ seri- 
sLrong enough to support their ously affects. They will be the 
new plans. ones which, at the risk of 

There are two ways societies losing their friendly high street 
ran approach this challenge, image, will attempt to be most 
One is to try to find a way of, things to most men. The small 
in effect, raising equity capital, societies are unlikely to have 
As mutual societies this is not expertise, desire or fi nan- 
easy and may even prove cial muscle to do anything 
impossible. Mr Bridgeman is much more than their tradi- 
expected to publish guidelines jronal mortgage business, 
of capital ratios soon which They will build on their local 
may open the way to some knowledge and the loyalty of 
form of capital raising akin to their local customers. It is > 
the perpetual FRNs issued by lo but the chances 

the clearing are that they 

banks and iHa ^ ** able *° 

treated as cap- hold their 

i tfll by the own in the 

Bank of . ‘I new environ- 

England. tB 1 i 1 menl this 

A more rad- | p i • i wa >’- 

ical extension W I 1 Mil 1 I 1 f t In between 
of this would m I I T I I 11 me giants and 

be full conver- lO Z, , 1 , 1 ' [ ' I .Jp tiddlers, 

sion into a however, 

public compa- come a large 

ny, allowing A ht'sdlflnp block of raedi- 

the society to um sized soci- 

raise money niSu into IU5W dies whose 

on the stock vpntnrp« mnld position is be- 

raarket Here ventures COllld ginning to 

again, the bring trouble look precari- 

consultative OUS. They do 

paper so far published on not have the national reach 
incorporation makes this pro- and financial strength to make 

Home sweet home loans 
but much more to come 

cess so tortuous as to be 
virtually impossible. Unless 
its proposals are altered by the 
time it finds its way into the 
Bill, incorporation is not likely 
to be much of a solution 

The only way so far open to 
the societies to boost their 
capital ratios, therefore, is to 
grow them internally. This 
involves a change in tradition- 
al building society thinking 
that has usually paid most 
heed to the idea of expanding 
assets and branches and pull- 
ing a society up the league 
table of size. Instead managers 
are having to concentrate 

the most of the new legisla 

There can be little doubt 
that the pace of change is 
accelerating. But do building 
society managers have the 
expertise to manage it without 
making fatal mistakes? In 
some areas the answer is 
al mostly certainly yes. Societ- 
ies have been acting as life 
assurance brokers for years, 
for example. In other areas the 
answer is not so clear. 

But evolution is likely to 
prove the key to building 
society expansion 

The Building Societies Bill 
which has recently passed 
through the committee stage of 
the House of Commons has 
been eagerly awaited by the 
building society industry and 
particularly by the larger soci- 
eties which stand to benefit 
most from its liberalizing 

When the Bill was first 
published in December it was 
described by Ian Stewart, 
Economic Secretary at the 
Treasury, as -the most impor- 
tant legislation on building 
societies for more than a 

But it contained only a few 
surprises for the societies. 
They had seen or heard almost 
all of its major provisions 
before, either in substance or 
in spirit in the Government’s 
Green Paper, entitled Building 
Societies — A New Frame- 
work, and in two subsequent 
speeches by Mr Stewart. 

The tenor of both the Bill 
and the Green Paper is that 
building societies should re- 
tain their primary purpose as 
solid, established proriders of 
home loans, or loans for 
residential purposes. At the 
same time, however, there 
should be some liberalization 

of societies' powers which 
would enable them to compete 
with other financial institu- 
tions, notably but not exclu- 
sively the clearing banks. 

Larger societies such as the 
Abbey National were con- 
cerned that the Bill did not 
liberalize societies enough, 
and in particular that provi- 
sions relating to the amount of 
nnn-traditional business a so- 
ciety' could carry on were too 

The larger players also 
made noises about the difficult 
path a society wouid have to 
follow in order to convert to a 
limited company. Conversion 
provisions were included in the 
Bill but the Government also 
issued a consultative paper on 
the subject at the same time as 
the Bill. 

As concerns the lending 
activities of a society the Bill 
divides the type of loans which 
a society can undertake into 
three categories. Class I as-, 
sets, which must represent a 
minimum of 90 per cent of a 
society's lending, must be 
advances for first mortgages to 
owner occupiers 
Class 2 assets cover matters 
such as equity mortgages, 
second mortgages or secured 

lending to individuals that is 
not for residential use. Under 
the terms of the Bill this 
category of tending must not 
exceed 10 per cent of a 
society's lending. 

The final category - Class 3 
assets — is largely restricted to 
those societies whose aggre- 
gate commercial assets exceed 
£100 million. It encompasses 
unsecured loans to individuals, 
up to a limit of £5,000 per 
individual and investment by a 
society to acquire and develop 
land for residential purposes. 

All societies, however, are 
within the Class 3 category, 
empowered to set up subsid- 
iary companies to operate in 
fields such as estate agency or 
mortgage broking. 

At first sight this appears to 
give societies considerable 
freedom. But Class 3 assets, 
are limited in the Bill to 5 per 
cent of total lending- More- 

Continued on page 28 

'£■ ' ft * I 

Richard Thomson 

retail deposit market and hold th _* “5" “ T ““ 

a special place in the hearts of nm S 

the public. Societies are re- •;«» S?rtiwt f S!m!wI»SSE2i» 
garded as solid, reliable and blending and deposit 

Sy and are able to attract 

the custom of people who ““ °“ “ 

would never consider opening problem of costs. 

a bank account. The societies have, with a 

Wiih such resources and few exceptions, won their 
such a client base it was_ position in the market place 
inevitable that the societies through an impressive net- 
should have started to look work of branch offices. These 
beyond the narrow confines of were expensive to maintain, 
their legal functions. The new but as long as business was not 
legislation will still limit them too competitive and margins 

M O 

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Our Triple Bonus Account 
rewards you for investing more. 
So when you increase your in- 
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Three hiah-eamin g rates. 

You can open an account 
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terest rate up to 8.55% net p.a. 
And when you reach £10,000, 
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Short notice . 
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With over 500 Bristol and 
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Or write (no stamp required) to 
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FREEPOST, PO Box 27, Broad 

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The gross rates for our Triple 
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£1,000 to £4,999 11.69% p.a., 
£5.000 to £9,999 12.04% p.a., 
£10,000 and above 12.39% p.a. 

Hfrm on, / Broad Quay Bostoi BS99 7 AX Tel 10272) 1S4271 Assets exceed £2J£0 mrilon Autfions«l tor mwosftnent tv Trusses Mentor of Jtw Buying Societies Association and lm»sttTTs Pnaecnon ScMeme Nsi interest is la* pa«l ai jne basic mj© Gross rate? 41 $ eoutujient tor mton *9 uu- pavers Irtieresi rales and :«ms may vary 



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Minimum advance £25,000 

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Home sweet home loans 

Continued from page 27 
over, the Bill stipulates that 
Class 2 and 3 assets together 
most not exceed 10 per cent of 

It was not even these km 
ceilings placed upon Don-tra- 
ditional activities dial con- 
cerned the larger societies. 
They were prepared to accept 
that initial low limits were 
perhaps inevitable given M 
these were nnchartered territo- 
ries for bonding societies. 

But what did concern Urn 
large players were the provi- 
sions in the Bill which allowed 
the Government to increase 
the leading ceilings by statu- 
tory instrument rather than by 
another building societies BHL 
With regard to conversion to 
company states — which a 
number of the larger societies 
see as the best route to a 
position which is fully compet- 
itive with other financial insti- 
tutions — the current 
proposals make this route an 
arduous, K not impassable one. 

In the consultative paper on 
conversion the Government 
said that safeguards were 
necessary and that the proce- 
dures for conversion should 
not be “ret up in such a way as 
to encourage conversions to 
take place for the wrong 

If the conversion provisions 
made the process too easy this 
could, according to the consul-* 

tatfve paper, “precipitate a 
rash of conversions involving a 
rapid, disruptive and damag- 
ing change to the building 
society movement, as well as 
liquidity problems for newly 
converted companies" 

It was easy to imagine a 
suitable scenario that would 
give rise to such a situation, 
and the consultative paper pat 
forward one. 

“If an outside institution 
were able to hold out the 
prospect of an immediate dis- 
tribution of shares to members 
of the society and offer to buy 
them at a significant premium, 
that could be highly destabiliz- 
ing. Members might be tempt- 
ed by what was in effect a cash 
bonus rather than consider- 
ation of what was hi the best 
hop-term interest of their 
society, secure m the knowl- 
edge that they could transfer 
their money to another build- 
ing society once the process 
was complete." 

The Government therefore 
proposed three voting require- 
ments which must be satisfied 
for a society to convert A 
resolution for conversion to a 
company would have to be 
approved by 75 per cent of the 
investors who voted on it and 
by a majority of the voting 

But it was the third voting 
requirement that caused most 
'Consternation. This stipulated . 

that at least 20 per cent iff a 
society's members must vote is 
favour of the resolution. Sever- 
al societies said this was an 
impossibly high percentage. 

When the Alliance and 
Leicester put merger propos- 
als to their members only 10 
per cent of them were stirred 
enough to rote. For the Na- 
tionwide Budding Society the 
20 per caff voting re q ui rement 
would mean persuading 
6004)00 people to rote. The 
Nationwide has never got 
more than 150,000 of its 
members torrote on any motion 
so tor. 

In the committee stage of 
the Bill Mr Stewart indicated 
that government thinking was 
now along the lines of a 
threshold of 20 per cent of the 
total Bomber of eligible voters 

But even if the provisions 
are slightly relaxed the view 
within the building society 
industry (if not the Govern- 
ment) is that this will not lead 
to a tidal wave of conversions. 

A survey of top executives at 
51 of the larger societies, 
carried out by City Research 
Associates, revealed that even 
if the conversion provisions 
were significantly relaxed "the 
general expectation is that no 
more than 10 societies wfll 
take this route". 

Lawrence Lever 

ccess to cash 
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You’re better off with the Woolwich. 

Building societies are embrac- 
ing technology more rapidly 
now than they have ever done 
in ihe past two decades as they 
gear themselves up to compete 
directly with the banks. The 
societies have normally been 
highly conservative to their 
approach to technology. 

Customers liked to have 
their own paybooks, written 
by hand and a personal touch 
at the counter was paramount, 
claimed the societies. But the 
legislation which allows the 
societies to offer a range of 
financial services as an alter- 
native to the banks has accel- 
erated the process of accepting 

The societies were well be- 
hind the banks and financial 
institutions to equipping their 
tellers with electronics. It is 
only recently that the custom- 
ers to building societies have 
been able to have their 
paybooks updated immediate- 
ly by an electronic terminal, 
remotely connected to a main- 
frame computer system. Be- 
fore this move the paybook 
would need to be submitted to 
the branch when making a 
withdrawal and returned to 
the customer several days 
later by post. Now they can be 
updated in real time in the 

These terminals and the 
new systems being devised are 
meant to ensure that custom- 
ers have easy access to their 
money. The societies believe 
this feature will attract much 
needed investment. 

The mainstay of the elec- 
tronic building society is the 
automated teller machine 
(ATM). Introduced extensive- 
ly by the UK banks over the 
last decade they have been 
extremely successful to reliev- 
ing the cashiers of much 
routine work such as with- 
drawals, statements and 
cheque book orders and have 
given customers the opportu- 
nity to obtain cash outride 
banking hours. 

The banks were particularly 
keen on encouraging the tech- 
nology since the processing of 
the average cheque now costs 
about 5 Op. As an incentive to 
encourage customer use of 
ATMs most banks pass on at 
least part of the cost saving to 
the customer in the form of 
reduced service charges. 

It is that network of ATMs 
the building societies wish to 
match. The building society 
network will give their cus- 
tomers the same withdrawal 
and statement facilities as tile 
bank network. The principal 
building society network is 

called MATRIX and has been 
created by a company called 
Electronic Funds Transfer, 
founded under the auspices of 
the Building Societies 

Seven of Britain’s top soci- 
eties are the founding mem- 
bers and between them they 
have a total of nearly 2,500 
branches, 8.1 million inves- 
tors and £32 billion in assets. 

These societies are the Alli- 
ance & Leicester, Anglia, 
Bradford & Bingley, Bristol & 
West, Leeds Permanent, Na- 
tional. & Provincial and the 
Woolwich Equitable. 

More 1hBTI 200 ATMs start- 
ed the first phase of MATRIX 
to February. During the rest of 
thk year more than 400 ATMs 
will be installe d around the 
country. In the next two to 
three years the network will 
grow to more than 1,000 

The societies issue their 
own cards and connect each of 
their branches on the network 
to each other through the IBM 
Value Added Network Service. 
Customers of any building 
-society with a. card. wilt be^He 
to use the ATMs. of member 
societies on th^networit 

' According to the designers 
of. the system: “MATRIX is 
perfectly tailored to tbeway a 
building society conducts its 
business. Itaddresris the need 
to accept ; deposits , and to 
operate up-to-the-minute ac- 
count balances. Most imi 
tantiy it satisfies the 
restraints imposed, by the 
Registrar and retains the strict 
ethical standards which cus- 
tomers expect from building 
societies. Self-service termi- 
nals are only the beginning. 
MATRIX has the potential to 
expand in size and in scope." 

One principal area of that 
expansion is called Electronic 
Fund Transfer at the Point of 
Sale. The idea is to create a 
network which would link 

high street retailers — shops; 
•restaurants and cinemas — to 
the building societies. The 
brinks have similar plans and 
pilot networks in progress. 

These networks will totally 
revolutionize shopping and 
minimize the seed to ante 
•cheques. All tbe-retailers will 
have specially d esigned elec- 
tronic units at the customer 
checkout. The customer will 
present a credit/cash card 
which will be inserted into the 
electronic unit 

It, m turn, is connected to 
the computer of the bank or 
burkfing society that issued 
ihe card by way of a high speed 
<faia communications link. 
The building sodety/bank 
computer can validate the use 
of the card in seconds and the 
credit/cash limit of the cus- 
tomer. The purchase is made 
electronically by transferring 
funds — hence die name - 
from the customer’s 
bank/bu3ding society account 
to that of tire retailer. 

The retailers win benefit 
substan tially by the quick 
transfer of cash, a s ubs ta ntial 
reduction in the. cost of 
arimmis tration/seenrity arid 
quicker sendee at the check- 
out The customer will not 
need to write cheques and risk 
paying ser v ice charges but will 
lose the benefitof thine days 
credit as a cheque is cleared. 
However, purchase with cred- 
it cards wifi become more 
commonplace which could 
give the customer up -to six 
weeks free credit. 

Bat MATRIX has a rival 
called LINK. The Co-opera- 
tive Bank, National Giro 
Bank, Abbey National and the 
Nationwide Budding Society 
have joined forces to fens the 
- backbone of the new network. 
‘Financial giants IBce West- 
ern “Trust. &, Savings and 
Citibank will join the network 
along with about 16 small 
building societies. By . the end 
of next year the partners will 
have a network able to accom- 
modate more than six million 

However it is stiH uncertain 
what win be the cost of these 
electronic networks and 
whether the customer will see 
any immediate financial bene- 
fit since the cost may have to 
be transferred to the customer. 
A national electronic fund 
transfer network linking the 
high street with the building 
societies and banks would cost 
about £350 million. 

Bill Johnstone 

Technology Correspondent 

way most mortgage 
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youfl think 


'"j* A 

0Urb “ 3iness are °“ 1 ° f 
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» . 




High street war for 
balances of power 

The days when the building 
societies had most of the retail 
deposit market and virtually 
all of the home loan market to 
themselves have gone for 
good. Oyer the- last two years 
the societies have become 
locked in battle with the twnif^ 
in both areas. 

More recently otter com- 
petitors, such as insurance 
companies, have entered the 
lists too. Their appearance 
underlines the. feet that al- 
though this is a battle centred 
on mortgages and deposits, 
the real issue at stake extends 
out into the whole field of 
financial services for individ- 
uals. It is only the centre of the 
revolution taking place in 
retail financial services. 

During the 1960’s and 
.1970's the building societies 
quietly but sorely went about 
lapping up the lion's share of 
the nation's retail deposits. 
Their friendly, unfiissy image 
appealed to everyone — those 
with bank accounts and those 
without. They capitalized on 
their uncomplicated service 
and built up huge branch 
networks to rival the clearing 
banks* ability to attract funds 
in the high stret 

The banks obligingly ig- 
nored this, fascinated as they 
were with wholesale lending 
overseas to Mexico, Brazil, 
Argentina- It was only in the 
early 1980's, when the world 
debt problem made wholesale 
lending less attractive, that the 
banks woke up. They found 
they had less than 40 per cent 
of the retail deposit market left 
in non-interest bearing current 

At the same time corporate 
lending was becoming less 
profitable and the banks were 
getting desperate for financial 
resources. As their eyes turned 
inwards towards the domestic 
market they had neglected, 
they noticed what die building 
societies were up to and 
decided to join in. 

The effect was electric, it 
did not take long for the banks 
to discover how sensitive to 
interest rates depositors are, 
and to offer accounts with 
higher rales of interest The 
problem for both hanks and 
societies alike in doing this is 
the tendency for people sim- 
ply to switch their money 
from a lower, to high paying 
account ., with' the same 
institution: ’ 

One solution to this has 
bran the higher rates paid for 
bigger deposits. The banks 
and buildmg societies follow 
policies of paying graded Tates 
of interest rising with the 
amount on deposit So an 
account with, say, £10,000 in 
it might receive 1.0 per cent 
interest more than an account 
with only £3,000 and up to 2.5 
per cent more than an ordi- 
nary deposit account 

But despite this, as higher 
interest accounts boomed, 
money in lower interest ac- 
counts has shrunk. Now less 
than 30 per cent of building 
society deposits are in ordi- 
nary share accounts compared 
to around 80 per cent two 
years ago. To attract more 
money mto non-interest bear- - 
ing current accounts on the 

other hand, the banks have 
introduced free hanking. 

On the lending side, banks 
entered the mortgage market 
at the end of the 1970's 
realizing that the margins to 
be made on this lending far 
outstripped those on corpo- 
rate lending. Moreover, mort- 
gage borrowers are extremely 
reliable and the default rate is 
tiny compared to other forms 
of lending — such as to 
developing countries. 

The bank sector has tv now 
captured 20 per rant of the £30 
billion a year home loan 
market But much of this 
money comes from US banks 
such as Citicorp and Chemical 
Bank, and most recently 
Chase Manhattan, Arab banks 
such as the United Bank of 
Kuwait, Japanese banks, Eu- 
ropean banks and others. 

The result has been some 
sharp competition on mort- 
gage rates. The US banks have 
tended to be the cheapest, 
charg in g about 0.25 per cent 
less than anyone else. 

Until about six months ago 
the banks tended to charge less 
than the societies, but now 
that they have become estab- 
lished within the mortgage 
market their rates have sfad 
upwards. Yet they are still 

Only a few weeks ago 
Lloyds Bank became the first 
institution to abolish the dif- 
ferential traditionally charged 
on endowment loans above 
the ordinary repayment loan 
rate. The other banks fol- 

The Pro’s move 
hi g hli g hts the " 
extra dimension 
behind competition 

lowed, forcing the big building 
societies to do the same, 
scrapping foe differential for 
new mid existing borrowers by 
June this year. 

Another recent develop- 
ment, however, has been the 
.arrival of insurance compa- 
nies as major lenders instead 
of merely agents for other 
institutions. Insurers have for 
along time tended to lend to 
homebuyers purchasing relat- 
ed insurance products, but 
only on a small scale. Recent- 
ly, however, the Prudential 
announced that it was putting 
an initial £500. million into 
mortgage lending, taking it 
into foe big league of mortgage 

The Pro's move highlights 
’ the extra dimension behind all 
this sudden competition and 
attention to the customer in 
the street h had noticed, 
along with the bank and 
building societies, that when 
someone is buying a house, 
probably the biggest financial 
derision of their life, there is 
an ideal opportunity to seD 
him a whole range of other 

products from life insurance 
to bouse insurance, from con- 
veyancing services to unit 
trusts, and even holidays or 
stocks and shares. 

Increasingly institutions are 
tending to packag e their retail 
financial services together. 
The Pro is planning to use a 
chain of estate agencies as the 
most appropriate outlet 
through which to sell these 
services, as has Lloyds Bank 
with its Black Horse Agencies. 
Other banks and building 
societies intend to use their 
ordinary branch networks. 
But while banks can already 
move into most of these areas 
now, the societies have to wait 
for the Budding Societies Bill 
to pass into law and become 
effective at foe beginning of 
next year before they are 
allowed to start. 

The effect of this 
competitor] has unquestion- 
ably been beneficial for con- 
sumers. The days of mongage 
queues seem to have gone. 

The choice of who to bor- 
row from has expanded enor- 
mously and the services 
offered have almost certainly 
improved. It has become a 
common selling point for new 
arrivals in the market, for 
example, to offer a same day 
response to mortgage applica- 
tions instead of the traditional 
two to three weeks taken by 
building societies. 

The convenience of being 1 
able to buy other financial 
services under the same roof is 
also valuable to many 

It will mean that building 
societies must examine their 
options carefully. The com- 
mission to be gained from 
selling other fi nancial services 
is naturally attractive at a time 
when the cost of borrowing 
retail funds has risen and the 
margin on lending has fallen 
due to competition. But that 
same competition is likely to 
drive down the returns on all 
types of financial services. 
Experts in the market are 
already gloomily predicting 

So the danger is that any 
society plunging straight into 
all the new types of financial 
service will find that some at 
least are not profitable. At that 
stage the derision whether or 
not to offer them, or to offer 
them as a loss leader because 
of the spin-off business in 
more profitable areas, may 
become difficult. 

There win increasingly be 
the pressure to offer as wide a 
range of services as possible, 
however unprofitable, simply 
to keep up with the 

The societies will be forced 
to operate less as social insti- 
tutions and more like hard- 
nosed businesses. 

One thing is certain. Build- 
ing society branches win come 
to look increasingly like 
banks, of possibly like the new 
style estate agencies with spe- 
cially trained staff on hand to 
sell a wide range of services 
and products. It is aD a far cry 
from the one-product institu- 
tions which foie societies were 
only a few years ago. 


Talking direct to Nationwide is the 
quickest route*to the mortgage that 
you want. And to the mortgage that’s 
right for you and your needs. 

Because when you go into a 
Nationwide branch to talk borrowing, 
you’ll meet one of our managers. 
They have both the authority and the 
resources, to create a package 
that’s tailor-made around you. 

Unlike some of our competitors 
our managers can be totally impartial 
when it comes to what type of loan 
you would prefer. Whether you're 
looking for an endowment or a 
g W fc&A* repayment mortgage, you'll 

p find the interest rate is now 

j the same for both. 

9 With Nationwide, it’s your 

* ' needs that come first And with our 

competitive interest rates, our equal 
opportunity lending policy, and our 
flexible attitude to how much you 
can borrow, you’ll normally find the 
answer very favourable indeed. 

Assets of over £10.000 million 
mean we're more able than ever to 
help more people own the home they 
want So whether you’re a Nationwide 
investor or not, call and see one of 
our managers soon. They’re ready to 
help put the building back into 

/ * * 


Nationwide Building Society 
New Oxford House. High Holbom, London WC1V 6PW. 
Written mortgage details on request 

There are Gold accounts — and there’s Trident Gold and Gold Plus from Brit a n n i a . 

They’ all offer instant access to the whole of your investment at any time. But very few 
pay such gpod rates of interest at lower investment levels. 

Trident Gold, for example, pay's 8JD55t net annually, for an initial investment of just 
£250. Whilst Trident Gold Plus starts at £5,000 - and pay's no less than 8^5% net annually. 

With many other comparable plans, you’re looking at much higher investment levels 
to earn those kind of rates. (If you wish, we’ll even pay your interest monthly on all 
investments over £1,000, in either account). 

Trident Gold and Indent Gold Plus from Britannia. Two all round packages you’ll find 
very hard to beat from any other national building society. 



8*05 % 


n-34 % 


Minimum initial inve^^ment £250. 

Monrhlv income option Z?T-znei iS.OS-eCLA.R.) 



8*55 % 12-04 



Minimum investment £5X300. 
Monthly income option 

The rate of interest will be determined by the opening balance. Rates may vary. 

’ Gross equivalent assuming tax paid at 29<ci basic rate. 

S Tick boxes as appropriate □ Please send me full details of vour range of investment plans. ! 

| □ I/We enclose cheque no — .value of to open a> 

□ Trident Gold Account (min. investment £25G) 

□Trident Gold Hus Account (min. investment £5000) Maximum investment £250000 per account. 

I would like my interest paich- 

□ Annually □ Monthly (min. investment £1,000) Interest to be> 

□ Added to the account □ Paid into my/our Britannia account number. — .. 

If vou require payment by cheque (annual interest only), or direct to a bank account, please give details 
in writing. 

FuU Namefs) Mr/Mrs/Miss 

Address - — — 




j Prist to:- Britannia Building Society. FREEPOST, 

* Newton House, Leek, Staffs, STD 5ND. 

| If enclosing a cheque, you may wish to use first 
| class post to the address below. w ^ 



Building Society f 




New bodies to 
act as judge 

u /'..mmarc' AsSACiatiC 

The brave new world which 
building societies will enter 
once the Budding Societies 
Bill becomes law will not only 
increase the powers of societ- 
ies. it will herald no less than 
three new bodies overseeing 
building societies' activities. 

The new entrants into the 
building society world include 
the Building Society Commis- 
sion, which will broadly take 
over the supervisory powers 
of the present overseer of 
building societies, namely the 
Registry of Friendly Societies. 

There will also be the 
Building Societies Investor 
protection Board, responsible 
for administering a compensa- 
tion scheme for building soci- 
ety investors and the Building 
Societies Ombudsman. 

The current vogue for om- 
budsmen as a method ot 
resolving consumer disputes 
is to be continued by me 
appointment of an ombuds- 
man for the building societies. 
Schedule 2 of the Building 
Societies Bill laid down de- 
tailed provisions giving the 
new Building Societies Com- 
mission primary responsibil- 
ity for disputes. 

However, many interested 

parties thought that there 
should be a separate ombuds- 
man who should discharge the 
disputes function. The 

Consumers* Association, for 
instance, in its review of the 
Bill said voluntary arrange- 
ments for the establishment of 
an ombudsman recognized by 
all building societies as having 
authoritv in disputes proce- 
dures should be made as soon 
as possible. 

One of the advantages of 
having an ombudsman, ac- 
cording to the association, 
would be to allow the commis- 
sion to concentrate their re- 
sources on the supervision of 

The Building Society Om- 
budsman will supplement two 
recent creations in the area of 

Protecting investors 
flgnuggglgBfiS — 

resolution of disputes - the 
insurance Ombudsman and 

Shop around 

for bargains 

SSETji S££- £3KK 

and a broader range 

Fund to be contributed to via 
levies from the building 

The problem with the pro- 
posed scheme was that it fell 
short of the protection which 
building society investors cur- 
rently enjoy. It proposed that 
if there was an insolvency 
investors should get “three- 
quarters or such le sse r propor- 
ti on as the _ Board 
determinings" of his invest- 
ment. up to a ceiling on the 
investment of £10,000. 

This means that the maxx- 

ihe^BanidngOtnbudsman. f mum leve \ 

Another area of the BuUd- r posed would be £7,5f» (three- 
-uiuuu nuarters of £10.000), 

ing Societies Bill that excited 
controversy was the question 
of protection of investors in 

Clause 22 of the Bill decreed 
that there should be a Bu il d in g 
Societies Investor Protection 
Board which would manage 
and applv a compensation 
fund - called the Building 
Societies Investor Protection 

quarters of flO.OOO), 
irrespective of how much the 
investor had lost from the 

The Consumers’ Associa- 
tion strongly criticized these 
proposals which were aimed 
at putting building society 
protection on the same footing 
as that available in the case of 
the insolvency of a bank or 

licensed deposit taker under 
the Banking Act 1979. 

Under existing arrange- 
ments societies voluntarily 
agree to a protection scheme 
which provides protection of 
90 per cent for shareholders 
and cover of 100 per cent for 
deposits. CA urged that this 
should be the level of protec- 
tion enshrined in the Bill. 

In the committee stage of 
the Bill the Government came 
under pressure from conserva- 
tive backbenchers on the com- 
mittee to increase the 
protection. It agreed to in- 
crease it from 75 per cent to 90 
per cent, on amounts up to 
£10,000, for as tong as the 
limits on the societies’ non- 
traditional lending remained 
in force. . . 

The Building Societies 
Commission created by the 
Bill will take over the supervi- 
sory powers of the Registry of 
Friendly Societies in so far as 
they relate to building societ- 

ies. Midtael Bridgeman, the 
present Chief Registrar of 
Friendly Societies, will be 
chairman of the c o mm is s ion 
with the title of First 

There will be a number of 
commissioners, both foil and 
part-rime, the idea of the pari- 

Promote stability 
of societies 

rimers being to provide the 

BSC with the appro pria te 
depth of experience from 
within the private sector. The 
appointment of Herbert Wal- 
- den, immediate past c hairman 
of the Building Societies Asso- 
ciation, as part-rime commis- 
sioner is in line with this aim. 

The general functions of the 
commission will be to pro- 
mote the financial stability ot 
societies, to administer the 
svsiem of regulation of bund- 
ing and societies to ensure that 

they act within the limits of 

Ste- to—*? 

powers such as .the powo- to 
order an offending society to 
wind itself up or convert to a 

^‘SSSf cost, of the 

commiSon wll be borne Ig 
the societies foemselvesm 
fine with other financial 
nations which pay for the costs 
of their own supervision, tne 
BuikSg Societies Awcmbod 
endorses this structure,^ but 

says that the costs are snb- 
stantial and careful consider- 
ation will need to be given as 
to how the costs are tojie 
allocated between societies - 
The BSA is also keen on foe 
idea of having a body to 
supervise societies, rmher 
than an individual, as exists 
present with the Chief Regis- 
trar. This is necessary because 

of the wider range of powers 
which societies will enjoy- 


iner rates count. tor 
,«ofac- cafiv becomes a 

ffij-adus aMssssss 

sar-r rs-s 

^iXwith the Leeds P<*- The Building Socrety^Wi^ 

ssasa; BtfW-sijjK 

year on advertising But foe «* ,u5t tnal 10 

best bargains are on 


to be 

QOL UBIP 11 * 1 ** 

found ar smaller societies. 

As long as a society isa 
member of foe B “Jid*Soa- 

cries Association there snotud 

be no problem _ of seininjr. 
however snrall it is. 
nms into 

savers are wv®ed byfoe 
Investors’ Protection 

which guarantees 90 per cent 

of their money. 

With interest rates on tne 
way down in- 
vestors may 
be tempted 
into putting 
their money 
into longterm 
accounts. But 

M O N E Y 

AC GO u N T 

Children are 
almost as hotly 
fought over as 
large investors 

firm iua - — , 

designed to offer just Utai to 
investors with a minimum of 
£2.500. I* gives free advice to 
savers and nudes its money 
by taking commissiou from 
the societies. 

Mr Own says, however, 
that this is not a resin” ?” 
his independence and that he 
frequently recommends ac- 
counts in one of foe °r so 
societies winch dont pay a 

eties which 
have already 

cut their rates 
he picks out 
the Skipton. 
which is pay- 
ing a true rate 
of 9.05 per 
cent on 
£10.000. for 
immediate ac- 
cess, and the 
where foe in- 
terest rate is 
9.5 per cent. 

Building Soci- 
ety Choice * 
against this 
policy. _ After 
comparing a 
total of 1*500 
accounts it 
says there is 
nothing avail- 
able at longer , 
than, three 

months which pays better 
than foe top rales on shorter 
term accounts. 

Savers with s malle r 
amounts who want few restric- 
tions on access to their money 

should, for example, opt for 
the Paddington seven-day no- 
tice account where the mini- 
mum is only £l00 or for & 

Pawns* High. Yield Stara 

where foe minimum is touu. 

Both pay a true rate (allowing 
for foe freq««*cy with which 
interest is added to the ac- Which? (February 1986J 
count) of 9.73 per cent, though Halifex Candcash 

the Paddington has already for anyone wanting an interest 
given notice that its rate will — ----- «»>tv ac* 

as the best available regular 
savings account for amounts 
between £1 and £250 a month. 
For foe best source of monthly 
income he selects foe Market 

Children are almost as hotly 
fought over as foe largest 
investors. The Sheffield 
claims to be way out in front, 
with its children's account 
paying 10 per cent, half yearly, 
but it requires parents or 
grandparents to open an ac- 
count also. 



given uuuu «««■ •»*» — 

be cut by 1 percent on May I. 

Savers with large amounts 
who need to have access to 
their money can do even 
better, though again j ntes a re 
liable to drop. Currently 
Blackheafo's Extra Interest 
Shares Account is- paying at 
true rate of 10.1 per cent on 
£10,000 and 9.9 per cent on 
£5,000. The Guardian, Kent 
Reliance, day Cross Benefit 
and Mornington are also good 

As well as paying higher 
I rates, some of foe smaller 

paying building society ac- 
count to run in tandem with a 
bank account 

The Alliance £ Leicester 
offers* linked account togeth- 
er with the Bank of Scotland. 
The idea is that you never pay 
bank charges while . there is 
.money in the brnkfirig society 
arid” interest is paid on any 
spare cash. 

* Building Society Choice, 
published by MoneyGuides. 
Riverside House. Rotiiesden, 
Suffolk. IP30 OSF (Tek 04493 

Chile Dobie 

Magnum Account 


Net Rare 

Confounded Anma! Rate Cratsoui witfcn««Jn» 

9 . 1 T 94 b- 13.31 

on b*ntn 00.000 ro £200000 

9 . 00 % = 9 . 20 % = 12.96 % 

anbUwca QOQup tt>£fOAOO ___ 

^JJ55eSSSdginnd3r^farno(B«pcfw<l • E*ir -nnOrwal taolu? -«* 

lonafioterwt • IUwquoari*»<Iiiq»beaeh*«ild*>-ilidi»wal. 

-RwiTT-^yqM’angnotv • haras p»dhaB yartr 

very interesting..? 

td .Mjimlni BROMUVM^umo stwatmam mttmii 

g$2gg5$£w . SBSKfJSST 

mSJrc 4TO1 wowwny 

j DaaOs: Budding Society. FREEPOST, London SEJ 2BR. 


very, very interesting..? 

The Money Management Account gives 
you a high rate of interest, whatever your 

investment. . ,. 

And the more you invest, the higher the 

interest rate on all your Money Management 

^You get instant access, too. Draw up to 
£1 000 in cash or £20,000 by cheque each day 
at any National & Provincial branch. 

And you won’t lose any interest 


f ^ ^ | 

National & Provincial Building Society 

I ™ in managing m, mo«y B«*r with Nati«-I & Pm.ln.ial Building So. iaty. 

Name “ 


1 PNt enclose a cheque for £ 


to be invested In a Money Managem ent Account. 

Please send further information | 


M Hanandi Natlnnai « Prc.lndai Building Snd^ PBEEPOST. Bmdtod. Vft* Ymtohir. BP1 IBB. 

A C C O U N T 




8 . 75 % 
12 . 32 % 

With a Cheshuntcash Instant Access Account you can pay in 
or withdraw as much and as often as you like without none* or 
penalty. The jester the sum invested the higier the return (see 
table below). 


i . Amount • .*• 

N«t Annual. 

Gnati -s •] 

Invesctd . f 

Interest ♦ 1 


l;£ 1 ,000-£4,999 


i 'n .67^b. 



'■ 15:32%-; 

• — • tn** yuu um rant— 

7.96* net- (1 1.21% gross.') on balances of £1 .000 do £4.999 
8.42* net. (1146* gross') on £5.000 or more. 

Open a Cheshuntcash Instant Access Account at any ofew 
branches or fences or by using our free posnl service. 

-Mas nv» mu rqmjrm tuuc mt Lla 

Full details from 

Owshirti gutong Society. FREEPOST Dept l P 
WiiUhani Cross. Hens EN8 7BR 

1 n, * 1 *’ LI Auor>: 

■mm me '&*** 

9, pvtom AvKnrumdtljOjCC Xu 



op a % 


A ' ;• , ..... 5 . . 

r -*• -» • *- 

* *7 ® 1 





t !*A; 


Parttier’s Secretary/ 
Group Co-ordinator 

Central London 

£10,600 + overtime 

Arthur Andersen & Co. Management Consultants h one erf the 
country's largest firms of consultants with a fiiM-cUas 
reputation for «he quality of its service and people. 

are seeking a group seer aarial co-ordinatorwhowill he 
required to 

experience of working ina busy professional environment 
would prove useful as the position is a demanding one. 
You should be a natural communicator, have the ability to 
liaise at senior level and possess a totally flexi hie approach 
to work. 

providea hill secretarial service to a senior partner and 
2 managers 

monitor secretarial resources In ihegroup. Le. 
administration ofholidays.sjckness, workload 
distribution etc 

— assist with the Implementation of new technology 

— arrange interna! group communication meetings. 

Successful candidates will be aged 26+, educated to at least 'O' 
level standard and have frjwpm audio. Leadership skills and 

We are taking a great deal . but in ret um for your skills we can 
offer you a well -paid, dial lengi ng career as a vital member of 
the team, together with the opportunity tomato in the latest 

office technology. 

Take on the challenge and send a detailed c.v. < enclosing a 
daytime telephone number) to: » 

Mrs M. Henoessy. A DJUT TR 

Recruiting Officer. A*. U\1I1UJ\ 

Arthur Andersen & Co.. 

1 Surrev Street, 

London WC2R2PS. 







pur busy team of professional temporary secretaries are always in demand, and it 
has established an excellent reputation over the years. 

B you are a first class, senior favel secretary with speeds of 100/60, 2 years Director 
level experience in central London, aid proficient word processing skits, we can 
offer you an interesting variety of temporary secretarial assignments and the best 
rates m London. 

Our skWed temps are afl paid the same rates and are frequently ottered the 
o p po rt u ni ty of temping into a permanent position: 

If you would dee to temp , at the level you deserve and be positively appreciated, 
please telephone tor an appointment or a fectsheet 
01-434 4512 (West End) 

01-588 3535 (City) 

Crone CbridQ 


InraoRiDS joh oqpngan new venture*, conference* and mi- 
oars for a WC1 company promoting buaneu in Europe. Some 
secret ari al back-up required. Shorthand an advantage, but not 
eantnal Good promotional prospects for right p er s on with 
plenty of initiative. Salary up to £9,500 depending oo i 

PHONE 01-388 6304 


Excellent starting salary 
plus mortgage subsidy and 
other benefits 

Brighton Based 

£8,040 TO START 

Superb opportunity 10 speed your promotion prospects by 
learning further secretarial skills and I ethnology, working 
alongside the Chairman's PA. Based in a beautifully ap- 
pointed office overlooking the Thames. You will be 
involved in arranging meetings and appointments, as well 
as producing correspondence and reports on an ICL 8800 
(cross training will be provided). Five weeks holidays, 
subsidised restaurant and active sports and social dub are 
some of the added bonuses of this appointment. 

Our drent sine systems 
based subsidiary erf a major 
American financial organisation. 
The Managhq Director now 
wishes to recruit a Secretary /RA 
The ideal candidate will 
obviously be smart and well 
presented, will be used to dealing 
with peoplear all levels and will 
enjoy the pressures generated in 
a Iasi moving international 
company The Managing Diretior 
has a veiy enftghrened view of 
management and the working 

environment will be very 

If you are experienced at 
the. level, l now how tug’ 
international companies work. are 
locking for an inrereamg challenge 
and believe that initiative t parr of 
your personality - then we 
would like to he ar from vou 
Advance Recruitment Services. 

49 The Martlets. 

Gvcs Way. Burgess Hill 
tofest Susse> Rf-ffS 9ISIW 
Tel: Burgess HiB (044 46) 6030. 

£7,500 - £8,500 


Be a Manpower ‘ Saver 3 

Earn yourself 
in excess of 

Just one telephone call to 
Martin at MacBiain Nash and you could 
be aligned to one of the top temporary 
positions currently available. 

In fad, ail of our bookings offer you 
excellent prospects, high rates of pax 

Speaking Italian? Operating wp? Developing secretarial 
career? The software Manager of this well known business 
equipment company situated in SWI5 will need your sup- 
port with staff returns, personnel records and general 
correspondence. Additionally you wilt provide a lypmg 
and secretarial service to a leant of young computer pro 
fcsstonals. If you are aged 21 + with 2-3 yean secretarial 
experience and need word processing training 10 develop 
your career still further, this could be the right one for you. 

For further information, please call Linda Hamill or 
Dencsc Smith on: 

plus the added benefits of the MacBiain 
Nash Privilege Card and Club membership. 
Don’t delay - every minute counts. 


439 0601 

lodayfe best booking. 

Secretary with wp for City bank. 
Circa £10,500. 


Where is the sec/PA with 
a good tease of humour 
who is interested in archi- 
tecture} 200 naff. A good 
opportunity fot someone 
who likes to be involved. 
(Good sh/typmg and exp). 
Salary £10,000, age 24-30. 

Call Mn Byzantine 

01 222 5091 

Norma Skemp 

Pom Com. 


ResDonsttp 8 WenWe Sec wftn fluent 

itmawne ess to dm until the 

8 total a reqd by Coy 
m aotty to «wt on own 
dunes. Age. 20-25 SeUfY £9-000 * 

Bant Eng S. H £ naunse Tvpmg (100/551 + w MUy to dorian own 
e varied dune 


Prestigious Coy Investment Bam needs an endusastic Sec wth eroenem 
laum nv then cun Caudal Mai kgs Dept Previous exp, W.P. know! 8 
Iasi speed {100.551 are ess. Age. 2?+ Salary. £10X00 + benefits. 

FRENCH FINANCE to £13,000 

Annenez-vous if cell d un emptoi exueard comma Sec de DrecSan dens 

une rrudvote comiugne rranewe? Ca posts, convent | une personae 

de iMhim 

Mmgue. oynannque et hren assuret. capable de prendre 
ayam une maiii« oe la stenoidadyta a we (mare experience 
commenaale. L'ffikw ou I ademand sera* at soul 25+ 


Eve namrutte Bank sucht ewe ertahrene Sekrttann |2e+} w* p erie M ern 
Duersdi und Eng. KuradinfL Beneiscnaft zu ajsse^ewomfecnern 
Emsaz. dynanwcfKS Artwrten mt Rent) fas snd BeAnping. wed es ott 
nektcdi zugeffl. lexneraitxttungsfceflmnsse owwscftt. £9.10.500 


Eire betaine Fmra m> Femsefinereicn sucre one erfatrene S ritwttnp / 
Assstemm tin die Deutscne ABMwg. Diese Tangkee wdasst (fee UNCM 
SekreunatunKit sow* verectMOene Vewaflu^sautgaDen Kimartt 
ist wunsuienswen. Alter 22-26 £8.000 rag. 


7 Ltutgaic Sq. EC4 (Mon-Fri 9J0-4.30) EMP AGY. 

in or© month, one of our temporaries saved £84 towadsarvow 
Hi-R. over £60 in Holiday Pay, and "the day" several times aver for 
various clients. 

Manpower temporaries are used to going into crisis scenes, 
straightening things out, and moving on to the next task. They get 
rewarded both financially (including excellent Holiday Pay] and 
with jobs that challenge. 

Interested In saving with Manpower? 

Caff us now. 



Top Jobs for Top People 

Would you like to earn £20,000 a year and travel throughout Europe 
whBst working for an American Bank? 

Or have you got a vibrant personalty and would Qce to work in St 
James’s for a top Heatfwntar and be paid £15,000? 

©MANPOWER Tel: 225 0505 


These are just two of the ap po in tments wa have recently fined. 

2 d hour answering service 

if you have exoeOent secretarial skKs and are looking tor the oppor- 
tunity of a Ufa time, contact Directors' Secretaries. 

Ring Stella Boyd-Carpenter on 

Elizabeth Hunt 

to £10,000 

n of magazine pubfishers as secre- 

Join tins W1 firm 

ing ability and rusty 
Benefits indude 6 weeks holiday. 


to £9,000 

Join this leading PR consultancy as secretary to a 
young, busy account group and help set up sports 
sponsorships and client presentations. A ttvefy atmo- 
sphere, ideal if you already have good office 
experience tort now want to work in a creative envi- 
ronment 90/50 Skills needed. 


£9.700 + BUFA + 2 Reviews 
+ Bonus + L Vs etc. 

---. uoreui + Kti 

ml 0 Lusk non. SoMor Im* 
aWtfafcd Hotben Sttnm. 


mm + 2 Reviews + Bone 

Gm> *owd. kgri 

Mtajtfi total axto 

IMF Mt wmL Q« Sofonra. 



5531 HI Ims) 

01-629 9323 

Top Jobs for Top People 

£14,000 World Famous Drinks Company 

New MD needs an experienced and skilled PA/Secretary with an interna- 
tional outlook who appreciates hard work and full involvement in his 
exciting and hectic business and family life. 

£13,000 Leading Market Research Company 

MD requires a PA/Secretary who enjoys working with people from all 
walks of business life. Can you cope with the Press, mix with the Media 
World and charismatic people in Politics? This calls for a gregarious and 
skilled applicant who has mental acuity and can run in the fast lane! 

Ring Stella Royd-Carpenter on 

01-629 9323 

Christine watsoh ltd. 

> ✓ • 

♦ ^ ^ 

utlvB aacfPA aougm by nrefor tnt trank tor newrfjr 

at drocw level Good Engteriapi «nd France- 

22 - 35 . Excetont benefits package . 

tnitiaVy 6 monte contract but possfoly pan na nent kM tore 

person with ban tetion a/ teteiki backgieond pnteraWy ki 

teenrtav area . Russian an aOvnaga . Aaatatenoa «Ah r > 
location end accommodation gfoan . 

CITY X8Ll^i 

iGood opportunBy tor young aac to gria aircatent acn-at 
j experience to aatoa Import admtoWratioa Ffaency to botnfl 


2 % Bedfcjid Sheet London WC2 

DESIGN t£9^00 

An excellent young Secretary is needed to work 
for the Site Director of a major City develop- 
ment. You will be responsible for setting up 
the office and enjoy working as part of a small 
and busy team. Speeds 90/60. Aged 22-28. 


A well spoken and bright young Receptionist is 
Beefed for this busy and informal design of fi c e. . 
Aged 20-30. Salary c.£7.UU0- 


36 Breton Race W1. 01493 7789 



Confidon PA Presnd oo g 
Co. Rim p caim c H u c 
use of oe. (kills. 

*£ 10^00 

PA for recend]’ 
Body. S/H not ess. 24+. 

c£l 0,000 

Cbredmate wining Higfaiy 
confidential work eaviroo- 
man. Rusty S/H 2S+. 


Certainly not a *9 to 
f job. PA to busy 
assoc. Director. Total 
involvment. No S/H 

583 1034 

Cw Paragon Language 
Consultants oi-seo toss 



fibortlMnd A Mng cx» for 
M O . PaMWUng Co krn 
mreian. Also nreuirM Audio 
lor area Mnwr. C7xo. 


Pwnev. Shorthand and nod 
nm a» Cum aawo n . 


pixase: call 


01-788 9361. 

Cuy Omrf Bureau. 
>40 Putney High Street. 
London swis IRR. 



£11,000 Neg 

The International Chairman of this well-known ; 
W1 Advertising agency is looking for a "right . 
hand". This will' be a true PA position with a 
high degree of involvement including arranginn 
and attending overseas conferences. YouTI . 
need good secretarial skills (90/50) a lively! 
personality plus the ability to deal with a large ! 
volume of administration. You must also enioy . 
dealing with people at all levels. It is unlikely ; 
that someone with less than two years working < 
experience at Director level will be suitable. Age i 
21 +. 

For further details please call Andrea. Barnett 
Media. 16 Dover Street. London. W1X 3PB 

01 629 7838 

^ +■ ♦ 

M rw, 174 w ii— r. H m 

c£ 10,000 

fnt City bank needs a 
second jobber 21 + 
who is well presented 
with good skills and 
IBM Muitimate exp. 
This is a good oppor- 
tunity to get into the 
world of personnel 



This int co is seeking 
a PA/sec with good 
admin and sec skills 
plus a flair for figures. 
You will assist a Na- 
tional Sales Manager 
and should enjoy va- 
riety and working well 
under pressure. 


This W| co requires a 
switched on bright 
confident PA/sec 22+ 
with good skills to as- 
sist an exec. You will 
become totally in- 
volved with handling 
press releases, adver- 
tising and PR 
functions. Excellent 
presentation a must. 

01-935 8235 

Dallas Calling 

£ 7,500 + benefits 

Qirr diems, a large Canadian exploration company are 
seeking a smart, front-line person to run their busy 
reception area and answer the Monarch switchboard. In 
this young, friendly “soda!* environment you will greet 
d tents, order stationery and deal prafftpdy and 
efficiently with all Incoming nail, telexes, parcels etc 
Good prospects within company Excellent telephone 
manner, previous experience and 40 wpm typing are 
essentiaL Age 20+. Hease telephone 01-493 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London W1 

(Recruitment Consultants) 




Programme Director or 
professional oroanisatloo 
near Gloucester Road tube 
requires smart Audio Sec- 
retary with WP experience 
twill cro»4r3ln on PhUUpa 
6004). Varied duties In- 
clude lysing, assisting 
Researchers and arranging 
meetings & appointments. 
For more details contact 
. Tina Croker on 

01-830 5733 

Recruitment Consultants 


Expamfing vOunQ rerari comtuny 
mw*s a dynamic PA/Secrearv 24+ 
to *e MD to handle he pmae ti- 
tan. bawl, ctafl tasw. PR etc 
wa became Hinted m punhatmg 

and planting al new shops m Lon- 
don and UK. 

Cm’- 01-4812345 
WEST END 01-938 2188 


£10,500 + Bonus 

Pmlt(Mi£ sup owning omuny V 

gemly (enures a tati class 

Sn.&r'PA n sow me W md 
aganee iw iwety olte Lob tt inw- 
■munai I arson - emedamng eaems. 
sflirng up systems kc Supao em- 
tooment ana wuwas. Plena now. 

Cm 1 ' 01-481 2345 
WEST END= 01-93S 2188 



PmoaoB Pkcmi Cosmetics house 
seeks SH/Seaetarv moi huem 
Fiwrt 7a beam* nwtiwd « ww- 
lunonal tason. uansiatmts. detimg 
wrm dents oner the pnor* ec. Won 
in etegara sunouitaigs wipi acedent 
pens ana benefits 


Crn’ : 01-4812345 
WEST END: 01-938 218S 

CITY: 01-481 2345 
WEST END: 01-938 2188 



The Down's Uwersw ol Babur 


Depanroem of Economics 
and Related Studies and 
Institute Sir Resend) in the 
Soria! Sciences 

research fellow 

awtpceanta mow wa ■ B ood 
nonom aegme in law or other 
iswant A&emlna. The paraon 
appomnd wa om tea drad to 
can't out reeearen Mton dw 

BBMirMUM ore untied for 
work on ai* ESRC ason corra 

non to (Mhinat ret* 


ofwwa for 


kd uatiuifL ana IfM Of nwH- 
m add nun 

C-rto *SJ3d 

pKnofl md tartad®*®*™ 

□■graa. i™ nwwv ■ 
tenable Ibr one yee r Iren, JOy 
1B88 and » renewoo te tore 
lunher on* or two year* The 
curve payment <* at die rate 
tor state atudenaidpe ouremy 
et E2.B65 per MnurapU JWjfc 
A p tit ean tone. endnau > tub 
eumcuhnn wee eod .M nemee 
end a ddrewee dwo nrtoreee 
ahautd be rant toe 
The Oom ct the Rtedty o< Ue*. 
-nw Queen s Unmnay 
o( Bens. 

BT7 1MN 

from whom tuflher dutefli nwy 
Be emmed 

Ctaetos de»- “W W8H. 


Official Fellowship and 
Tutaship at Kebte Callage 
and Associated Lecturership 
at the Queen’s College n 
English Literatim 
The Colleges propose to 

tosrature (within the peri- 

od 1500-1900^ tor flue 

years from 1 October 
1986. Further particulars 

may be obtained from the 
Warden, Kebte Cotiege. 
Oxford, OX1 3P6, to 
whom app licati ons 
shouM be submtttBd not 
fetor than 17 May 1986 





leading to PhD in 



A eeudamsMD is avaBaMe for 
PhD rc e ,arc n m financial ko- 
nomfcai wttHn the Inwttutr of 
Finance. The main research 
aen covered by the buatuia 
are eerpome finance, finan- 
cial market* and portfolio 

Which School 
for your child? 

Our expert cotmeeBing covets 
every aspect of ecbcation, front 
preparatory to finishing 
schools, from finance to 
edantnnal psychologists. 

We counsel parents in a 
penocal hasia - oar advice a 
free and objective. 

Truman & Kmhtley 

ten L C- Ooorrty^efxj J P- 


The awfelnHweOl WIP M W 

[ 1.0 n» ttirtns 

:«i6 or as soon ** po*»hw 


TIH- Binai saw •»** 
h> cacso ana if* -9 * “ 

w ee a i and. to tal” " 1A - 

wiln USS- ‘ 
ttut* cobw* of 

kirn ion rnmrutani itowarg 

HOint two 

toi«nnitnte tta™** 
p u mb to * x^easw 

n nrae w l Jwrar 

MUMto n Etqtai. iteUie mn 

' 2 Itofl to we *•**- Oto- 





The Trato loc am Mbm P e etat 
Pceor Ttonfoae Pti fera fo p 

bren wahhdud n> 


mth ue<*l M do 
wnuJ* rf P^ov - tit iWwl 

Tho utiiT ta b, 1 

rd m n*_rf l» Wll 

i mmdy tnw 
Thiio «uhM n npl 
in m mted io erne ~ 

to the Mee dty i Sniln. 

■ He Lite 15Lb Max- fat™** 
italdberem vn 

da Wbtmn* A ti aaean 
11 VatariM Ptaee 
.IbBdea SW1Y «AU 
^AMytin to rffiadi- 
iud tnm rtfanUm of - mr, 
nmlKm/sn, MB to Htipoai bthtf. 

Atm rirant, mcom eatad BNtr 
CVs and me mim of two 
referees w 

Or L»n Cooper. Iratttnto Of Fi- 
nance. London DielmM 
School. ti i ow-v Piece. 
Be mn ni Park. London NW1 


auiuTioHU. nw*T. 78 rrn 
Wit 3U. TELEPHONE: 01-727 
1242 TOOL mvn&kSH 

THE QUCSPS Secretariat col- 
lege. 22-2* Oueenebetry Piece. 
LMioen SW7 206. pmmm wrua 
or irtnrtMine for proapeenn. Ol- 
989 BBSS V 01-689 8551 




MATHS AM StAttOUl tuRton by 

HA iCertebi for CCE. Ortrittoe 



CftOOM ff(M» Ido most 

leompreberewe 'antje e>t COivms 

imHi mo togn«t mtemanoiiBiiy 

ACCVPieO ctenOa-d 

FuH ime and Part hmaiEveiWHJ 

comm* cam monnng Apcil 

also URer-guMteO 
Cewa p endoneo Comes 
Flinawnto or cantor 



LI 1080 - TIM 

□uadd to innapandam Sclieaia is 

now avaitabto from MT-KSmin 

or direct item Truman A 
Kntartley. TO iTTJ MoUns HD] 

Oat*. London WI 1 SLJTeC W- 

727 »aaa 

Entrance am isi mr umv 

work. bx-MA 0380 

Frencit trananar Md convene. 

bon. Private itMora. 

M-amnga. OJ too «au. 

E wa 


DectT . 18 SflBenon 51 . 
LoMOn WIT ITS 01-083 0 TS 5 





A wide range of management appointments appears 
every Thursday. 









We bays continuous temporary assignments for pro- 

fessonal secretaries with word processing skills as 
well as dedicated operators. We are one of the court- 

well as dedicated operators. We are one of the coun- 
tries leading office systems services specialising in 
word processing and personal computing. In order to 
maintain our lead and commitment to fast growth we 
need you. In return we offer career development, con- 
tinuous cross training on all the latest 'systems - 
working with high profile clients, the opportunity to 
progress into support application programming and in 
company consultancy training which in turn offers 
extremly attractive pay arid benefits. 

Our business isn't seasonal it s aft-weather. 

115 Shaftoobury Avwnw 
London WCZ. 

01 439 4001. 


A leading advertising, marketing and safes promotion 
agency d mated in central London requires an executive 
secretary PA- The successful applicant will work closely 
with one of the agency’s Director's responsibl e for a 
busy friendly group handling a number of interesting 
blue chip accounts. The salary will be commensurate 
with the applicants current background and experience. 
The position is an important one and will prove 
rewarding to the successful candidate. 

Pleas* can Gwyaite Morgan at 

Tfa* Marketing Triangle 
17 Newtnn Street 
London W1P 3RD. 

Tab 01-637 0322 


Required to assist in running Management 
Training Courses at the institute's Overseas Ser- 
vices Unit. Varied and interesting work with 
wide tesponsibiiites requiring initiative and en- 
thusiasm. Good shorthand and accurate typing 
essential. Preference given to applicants with 
previous adm i nistrati ve/secre tariai experience. 
Salary up to £8,500 depending upon age and 

Call Claire Cameron. Administrative Officer. 
01-388 0211. 

Hamilton House. 

Mabledon Place. London WCIH 9BD. 

«NO dQMKttt) 


for ton partner. 25+ used to working under pres- 
sure. Shorthand and previous exp with 
surveyors an advantage but not essential Deal- 
ing with developments and confidential work. 4 
weeks hois, dress allowance, LVs. Salary aae. 

Apply in writing to: 

Mr* Bailaro, 
13 Hfll Street, 
London, W1X 8DL. 

(No Agencies) 


We are seeking an intelligent and presentable 
secretary to work for our Managing Directors. A 
high level of secretarial skill is required includ- 
ing WP and shorthand. We operate a young (ish) 
and friendly bead office with a good Team' at- 
mosphere and the work itself is quite varied. 
The salary for this position is negotiable but we 
would envisage something between £9,000 - 
£9.500 p.a. 

If you are interested, would you please telephone 
Graham Harrison (Managing Director) direct on 
01-726 4841 



Smart appearance, accurate dolls and executive 
level secretarial experience shall qualify you for 
this senior post, as PA to the Managing Director 
of this Banking Corporation. All banking bene- 
fits apply and easy access to the City area 
preferred. CVs to: 

: j a . w i j . , -rm ; • a r . > 1 ; j i , ^ 1 1 m-z a ; i j . 

115 SbaftMfewy Ammo* 
L o n do n WC2. 




to £10,000 

1 Organise press conferences. Raise with am- 
bassadors, members of parliament and peers 
of the realm. Set up and attend client lunches 
arrange film presentations for efients. All this 
and more as secretary PA with this top SW1 
company. Beautiful offices and a free lunch. 
100/50 SWHs and word processing experience 

i Elizabeth Hunt Recruitment Consultants J 
\BGosvenor Sheet London W1 01-240 353lV 


PA /Secretary 

£9,000 + Beneifte 

Sabic Mutating Sonnoos LM, an afffiate 
of Ssud Basic Industnos Corporation, re- 
wwes a PAfSecratary (55-35) urftti 

mefflKmt secretarial sfcflte. WP. good presertatfen. pose and 
nttanve. ctwmcab expsrtenoe an advantage. K n att o dfl O a/ 
Aratw: desratae. 

^ _ Wav Awm* *rj ifaf (V (mri irkphone Net hr. 

SABIC Marketing Services Ltd 

Portland House, Stag Place 
.London SWIE 5DA. 

(No agendo*, p lease) 

SELF-STARTER to £10,000 

f fe abrthgdfemtf con s unanadoefcabiwPAtoBMtetitaMD 
wtW aOvses CMnts on AUvortiang. The poeikon oifsre Mai 
variety anfl nvohemere • a mn P are onnal rota «nfl ptanty Of 
aorrantstraaon 100/60 wpm. 

HIGH-TECH (No SH) £*£00 

Lots at admin «a requrod as you assist two Manager# ot ttw 
famous Wi Computer Company 


More money, more bookkigs and mors varietvt Jota our ataady 
pnd happy team of Temporary Socretanw. Wfc am to ptoasa. 
N rmg now tor work m tha West End or Cdy. iong or abort Mm 

262 Regent Street, London Mfl 
(by Oxford Circus) 

434 2402 


Iff npunhw, ram 5 yis m. 
Cay bank to £l2H. 

P* nwn/iti m ant W offi» 

hr CO SW to EBk. 

feta (dkgfcf IF) PKDMI dm 

Coy bank u EBk 

Sk (wh> (to *n asset i*- 
smh Ban SWT Qfc 
0* s«Ba ptB HQ roctner 

Admn once wci efk 
MM pr ar mif *) causes day, 
ew and Ufa nd. 


02-377 6433 Agf 


An involved and varied day is assured as PA to 
the Chairman of this prestigious Publishing 
Company. You will organise meetings/ travel, 
enjoy plenty of telephone liaison at senior level, 
undertake various research projects and ensure 
the smooth running of the office during his fre- 
quent abscences. Ideally your are 25 plus yrs, 
capable and confident with accurate secretarial 
skills. Contact Suzanne. 

Ol 031 1541’ltec Cons’ 

Price -Jowiiesoti 

<5. formers lu 


Cownt Qardw 
To C*000 

Hds * a dynurac. yang compa ny 

W*ck h jut) a yoffi. IBS grown 
ta 70 sMng. ThW cranwe genus « 
refected « Dm own fabulous Often, 
fe part ol your dUws. you «»■ 
«a a poor sacrawv. dell w» 
(Ms ana Until mWBsnog egm»- 
'oy a* no. Stt 1QO/SO. Age 22+ 

TO £7,000 

DEMON CO in Knbthlsbridgc. 45 see typing, 
will train WP. To £7,000. 
iNR RECEPTIONIST. Arty cO. Will train. No 
skills. To £6,500 

Wl CO. 50 acc typing. Willing to try audio. 
Non smoker. To £7,0uQ. 

INTERIOR DESIGN in Wl. Large admin con- 
tent. 90/50 s kills req. To £7,000. 

PROPERTY in South Ken. Will train, jnr assis- 
tant. Typing useful but not ess. To £6,000. 

Susan Beck Rl 0^584*6242 


A Golden Hello! 



Ex pcreocad Secretary moored lor bay offica. Actuate Mtexflmd and 
of WsroRroeerenp deaaBta San- 
oer annum. Awteaww » untug. 


For busy medical research unit Duties interest- 
ing and varied but good organising ability 
esscmiaL Salary £6199 to £8085 + LW £108a 

Please contact: 

Dr James or Laboratory Manager • Susan Cleav- 
er at Anthony Nolan Laboratories, St Mary 
Abbots HospitaL Marloes Road, Loudon W8 
5LQ. Telephone Ol 937 2660. 



Mim haw Up m admin * 
sec sum. u c27yim 


*oSl Syfvia on 
580 3102 
Smart County 
Peis Cons. 


Y0H6 BEC/S&C: 

Bright and ambitious for weh 
known Ad Agy. Marvellous pros- 

Rapidly expanding Creative An. 
Dedication and Good typing Ess. 

CBEJTNE P k Organised Mother Bunny. For top 

team. Leading Agy. LB.OOO 

TOMS SB (b Shh Real variety and scope to assist in 
fast growing Agy. £8£88 

SSB6B SEC: Board Dnecior. Highly creative. 

Leading Agy. 90/50 Skills. S3USA 


Lb * mM, ‘ W1 - jr yymTTnTTri naiiOfns 





Mature. eamMe PA wltn proven organisational jmwy la 
be rtffit hand person to MD of small intensive Fleet Street 
consultancy. You wlB bean imUapmblc. essential member 
of "a team' and enloy a varied and busy working envtron- 
^ — **-*-*— . — r *- r ~i ninUst 

Aim 2* -k 

Reply in own handwriting to: 
Mrs E Roberts. 

Mis E Roberts, 

152 Fleet Street, 
London EC4A 2DH. 


We reguira a young enthu- 
siastic sec/rec to foin the 
leant. At least two yean 
experience requires. Ex- 
cellent typing, audio and 
PMBX switchboard 


Maty CM «* 

STS *04* 


CAy based company neks a MM motwaM RA. poot , 
il round Eeaean* sKSs (i 00/60). who demonstrates both Aar and 
aroMnn for takrog nMn n bandtog coMentol and semdng ■*- 

un. and who can atxept dn cunmd dewtaptifl a row 
Amtoants need ta be ago] behroan 25/30 u Ham gated the reomd 

Aupfccants need to be aged bttaretn 25/30 u fta«e gamd the 
ooenencs tor da pastan Mara ottos at ncedaa aday and 

PIHHW 01-631 497* 

DaMata camtaM UL 

An ultra honest. etfioHn, 
nummerato. convuter-ansa. 
confidert, self mobvaied, «»- 
ergete, taeganous, cooi, 
ufBmdai^ na&raJ adroit 
(rator prepared to wwk under 
pressure 15 hows a day. 12 
ays in 28, needed to run flw 
office 4 premises of OwChei- 

m Aits Q4> wSij Ys naRuU 
inam here. eccft i aic stNf 4 ; 
mad nentay. Preferably 
souici have dnwiQ fcow 
few over 2S. 
Tslittiai 01 3519314. 

Wsfl estabbtfad (Sty recnjrt- 
mont cagutta ncy speadsmg 
■ finance ur$m&r raaura a ju- 
afer secMtaty/administrator to 
mat a maL feaede leant. 

to ase&t young rrtenety Execu- 
tive vitnin Ibis run PuMbbinq 
Co Day - day ronnmg m me 
OHIO Good pniepms. 90 'SO. 
493 0676 or after TWO. 599 
4377. Duke St Bee Com. 

£7,500 + bonus 

Do vou have a way with people? Ttis small, 
highly successful advertising a^ncy nera a 
professional receptionist to run their wwti otbee. 
Meeting and greeting clients in a fast moving, 
friendly set-up you will also organisc couriers, 

conference rooms etc. Some switchboard 
experience is essential. Typing is notrequired. 
Age 20-25- Please telephone 01-409 1232. 

FWimU nfg Comoh»ot<> 


Required for design consultancy in the West 
End. Accurate typing is essential with a knowl- 
edge of audio. Good telephone manner and 
ability to handle clients. Willingness to do vari- 
ous office duties- Non smoker, age 20+, salary 

Please ring Jenny Ueweflyn on Ol 734 4536. 
(No agencies) 


seek a bright efficient leceptknrist/secretaiy. A 
de manding tut rewarding position, ideally suit a 
second jobber.Please contact: 

Helen Johnson on 01-935 2335 



Livdy cauraig ajmpauy nqnua aa oat&sot active setreanf. 
In additioa M usai sbctcccrsI staBs atvUouici shooU pastas a 
woriemg knowledge of compoiesaad tnc innuuw. Wdtar 
with good teteptnne manner and xn nnihppriifci nattne. Non- 
smoking driver pre f erre d. 

Reply with CV and salary m confidence uP.K. Qnhm. BOL- 

ran typng and wril alaally have 
some w pene ne n of word pro- 

cessing although w will pnt- 
vips Baaing H necessary- A. 
good tetaphone marew is es- 
santoi as there will be a high 
level at chert contact. Mini- ' 
mum 5 0 levels including 
Maths and English. Age 17+. 
For totter denils (Ansa ring: 

01-236 1113 (24 boms) 
Portman Recnuhnsot 

■seamun’/arartwH iw 

oom by KWhtondtt bum 
auwttoy surveyor* Salary 
tTJtO P*. Duties n mdudr 
typUigand ycoerta offla work. 
SB not ure mia- Pima Hums 
Karr on Q1-22S !««&. 

S H for Fund Rawn, one A»- 
peal* Dent Lots or molwam 
In UtW wMo- known warM wtti 
orgaAtsstKMi. c. £7400*. 
Covent CiMn Bureau. HO 
Fleet SL EGA. 363 7696. 

nxuec UAvn crjoo 

urgmuy BMiDred to totn rr*- 
aove design Q> BrtyKi 
personality A good ree sktus are 
osoinaJ Jay oar Careen 
tSIoane Sq» Lu. 01-730 S14«. 

MSKM dUSOM Sec /PA. Fah. 
ono for a sburtoaod sec. Dy- 
namic aimuatwra wUb Are 
Office*. Em promootmal oroe 
yeeb. Cali Manny Stafford *oe 
1U7 MHtpnsbge Rcc Com. 


sec ■ admta resuni for wefl 
known avup Lore of UniaBw- 
meOL S H a typine JBNar 
canren iSloanrSo} UO. Ol -730 

mar> £7000 • £9000 
proadoo nure mo o u at 
Ml. END oroanMOtm need a 
brtgM. tutor vrtxttary . 10* 

with 90 SO &WJ>. toasts! two 
niwr yam aucalnw. lu- 
noMMe tor uj. Martuetmg A 
European Sait* Ac New Tech- 
nokx/y E^ceHent career 
otmoi luatty. Pime ring 
Cngpdaia Ol *83 4011 



Fret dm hi-Suprt Seoetoy. age 27/35, Is required lor Hs «el known 
Ertrepnranr. Tfte arori re nsenstty varied red cals lor someone who b 
cmujietata toe to trawl betnmu Europe and USA. has sand 

skorted/twani sUHs and Ifeiency in French. An excaBem satar 
age b being altered, tax tree, ncwfng w m eodaiw and m 

PIMM fetepbrn 01*631 4970, 

Start WL 


Earn excellent rates as pert of our busy young 
temporary team and work for a variety of inter- 
esting cflents throughout London. You may wed 
And your Weal Dermanent job and be paid whfee 
looking! Skids 60/100 Sri or audio, 504- typ. and 

«CR*TARY jeraumni for 
Cewenl Cardan Etolc AMU 
w«ri word PiwtWM experi- 
ence (Wnrfhuul. wia cron 
tram. Preiiouj property ekvert- 
ox« flareMr Salary 
nepaUabl# P le are laid CV - * at 
M tebtM U W . R O W* Bore»6 A 
snaw 4 Partners. 19-50 Sow 
StraeLLonMo wca. Ol-Sao 

yean lor AustraUan bank EC2. 
No SH irewid ore atnuor » 
offlw weretanat atmort to t*to 
busy oMcunvea in a 
itiarheonp/limline umnen <■ 
ereentw. Varied duOre UKT»»- 
Ina same Ogure work- Salary c 
£9.000 na For mcervrew m 
veronica LaM on Ol 937 0626 
Centacom Staff MOUIMR 

wearer w«n an outpoug 
pmoMiro. enttnniasm aato po 
trnuai tequirad to act as back- 
us » EouAy Salesman, you 
should have a secretarial bock- 
ground IL* Dww. Mexj 
numeracy, a certain amoaat or 
office experience and be knvuur 
early twenties. £7.230 + bonus. 
Muitwttual Sendees crecruR- 
ment consUUmrial 01-636 379*. 

I WP exp. Age 19-25. 
not come ana see us oi 

see us or ring far our feet sheet 
437 6032 



Chairman of active property development com- 
pany requires personal secretary to work in very 
comfortable Bdgravia offices. Experience, abili- 
ty to work on own initiative plus attractive 
personality are pre-requisites to top salary. 

Reply with CV and photograph c/o Ms Sherry 
Buchanan, 32 Gloucester Walk, London, W8 

£9,500 + BOHUS 

Netty Wanted Eden ol tege 
CdrCDMnpzm. AetMnss Me* 
support tarn AUOJQ/SH/PA 
SBC. A wrted t faming rob 
imoMng meBtinos, Bawl. Fe»- 
ua& Iota it n. So ■ strong 
pvanttity. good speeds and 
presecdun an essertoL Mrs 
May- ACME APRS. 68 Crew 
ST. EC4. 

TEL 01 G23 3883. 

nue iXAvnts/i* mo- 
l»V £6.600 Entor Bw swung 
■tt ncltlna world OtMtUv- 
to*. EStrilfW crew Hwnctt 
tor Bie npM bcottc. Sborttnnd 
BO- rereng «6. *95 8676 or of 
KT 7m B99 *S77, Dufea St ROC 

Jobber HB Z2) Young rxsond- 
Ing muwc c unc wn - negmti 
Pat*. Lore u uucmt and to- 
wn w aitul Tyutne 00 wpm. 
WP. aucuo (SH urefuD. Satary 
to £7.000. Contact Rachel 722 


YOUrec KOKTART whh Wang 
WP era and sowpm SH u as- 
sist tnrety prakca ream In M- 
nen otsf Co. with a omm 
antude you will entov a varied 
and busy day. £9.600- 3*0 
9364 or afire- 7pm 741 2064. 
Capital People Rec Com. 

SHI. Secretary to s sroung Exec- 
• uttve*. cum liaison, lota of 
MKMlng and mvotoeotent 
Friendly and necnc office. Z4u 
938* or after 7pm 741 2064. 
Creatal People Rec Cons. 

UMM ASStSTAMT who sum 
phone work and fact find log 
wire BOwpm lyplnp and 14 tatty 
wp. sought by leadmi puMtfh- 
too house U C7.56Q plus 6 
weeks hols mo g Ol -681 xzso 
wenon Staff coosultanu. 

ttoeewr M.TSO + Onnrn 
perks eoh> aomtnlstiatmn as. 
sreong 2 Emeu h v ea wUMn thta 
friendly Co. Lore of client con. 
tori Md tovonefnafl. 80 / 80 . 

jgg - ws 

4377. Duka St Rk Com. 


tor rewjonsAee. sreucr pontoon, 
wwn appearance, pood eduea- 
non and adnun nab-. Skills 
90/56. £9.000 + perks. «o 
9364 or after 7pm 741 2064. 
Capital People Rae Com. 

stock consro B ta (Via. C7BOO. 
Lanonm Staff aw 466 8903. 

tnUM/IMUNI 2nd loMxr. 
as* SH Liaooo utSSrni 
SR aw oi «S6 8922. 

inmmfUto sal 01-246 B6t» 
Canoe Cm Etnp Aw 


requires a Warden's Secretary, to commence 
July (interviews 14 May). Considerable secre- 
tarial experience needed for this senior position 
in busy office; ssssitance provided in terra time. 
Salary on a scale £8,845 pA at age 36; lunch 
provided; 5-day week; good holidays. 
Appleiations in writing by 28 April, to Chief 
Secretary, stating age. qualifications and experi- 
ence. giving names and addresses of two 

Small, young and friendly 
Hrra of soUcUora require 
secretary for parfn«r. legal 

experience preferred. 


n-n 80/50/Wp. sort rtuemtsf 
to ri dftkw i mb jo ntocp «i adjej- 
non tod MS Eralont I ri wN y ir 

ptriMoa. Sarav ttHTO ibM *Imt 
matmredK Pnm73t3T$Bv *31 
M7B 133 (Urea Sow Roe Coil 

Send CV to WQUroi Dan- 
iels. Solicitors. 498 Ki/WS 
Rood. Chetaeek London 
SWio OLE- 



rriMtoJUh^ Experienced 
swung Secretary with Rum 
Ccrman tor pauuy French i to 
work for Credit kunurM U- 
MRnUttui Bank you win need 
mod EinUOi eharihond. and 
wort procentng ttpretrace 
would be ■ppraeuted. We are 
Kk*bi 9 tor someone nHimd- 
s^ed and todwrexIanL who m 
the unw Him MtooOS be hm 
tofonn part of a busy team. 8M- 
m accordance wire 
Oonvettston Collective, but 
around £12.600. Muxoinqual 
Servtca hktuomh OMnf 
tantal 01-836 STO4/& 

1 'VoTsam 


H -.r -i ji * t > i 

A; il 


It* ^ {iBif .• 

-lil.-l iBi.l I , -7* 


Lf ,n[f [ 

Lilt •liTu* I 

wu ^jm omsT wire frui u 
*&B00 04. Join one other nn 
‘ttwre in ihh nvtrtr 
renererid araaiusauoa IBC4I 
and aw ibir Ituenl French to 
Che run. vaned dude* wu to- 
vohw onetHnno a Monarch 
•"dtadtogfti. grefttnp nwm 
and htowuino aP now) bookings. 
Rriesnni experience Is not re 
eutort AC training win be ofveo. 
Far more rniDortam n a 
warm /cheerful persontalU- pnd 
•kceUeiu appearance. Quuact 
Ann Grover Ol-oSl 1b*L Price 
Jamieson & Partners Recruit, 
mere conuutan&. 

B illliaill j 

o £11300 - snrea 

KrUghtsbrnge law firm seek pa 
to Senior Partner. He* coung. 
informal and highly successful. 
You will take inc r easreg re- 
wmKiHliiy for client Uatson 
end 'praMem-lMvIng'. wurlang 
with him in the net®, vanea 
field at commercial law. Some 
legal era- **wli«nl audio typmq 
and WP auRa rrenierewt Are- 
Eft 40. Ptoesc call Ol 400 1252 
the Work Shop. 

ctady confident Pa /S ec. lei* 
XT* . earty sen. Good shm? 
hand /typtopand able to handle 
all aspects of brtuMa* Inv,) 
arid Mcuuthio etc. Joyce 

SS?Sre? 889 

eoLUEce lcavkr moo . 

Souqm by one of On UKt tan- 
«* wwirero tMNMe. to nup 
martel their inoh-flyma image 
to Stock exchange investors 
Vw dhduki oe weiifmsenMd. 
weBmokan and reamnanty nu- 

ww ? view to 


Mmtcy re vienru. ssrerr ireg*- 
Areto. Phone O- v tfiawi 

<nec omi t»-«2S OSes 


WuiE Recmttnax 

J 1 ?** 6 Awwf In 

SWl tor short term DM mim. 
!*** Uttettgencc ff ln«*- 
y* A Ptro x £160 pw dnO. 
Wmmi^oiML 828 1437.. • 


n I Ml,,' -^f 

* ^ 




I '•vS 1 


' *N‘ 

f ■?.?& 
1 ;S> 


: 5§t 

1 -r, ' •» 

: t*i 

I 'iw _ l 

{ -- =• 

•! *i u r* 



Only a 

Most women between the ages of 20 and 
5?, .despite short career breaks, are in 
continuous employment, according to 
the Equal Opportunities Commission. 
Some 64 per cent of all married women 
areotherm work, or looking for work. In 
1979 (using a very broad definition of 
management and administration) wom- 
en made, up only 1 8.8 per cent of 
managers. In the .United States women 
have done rather better rising from 18 J 
percent in .4 970 to 30.5 per cent of 
ma n agers by 1980!’ 

Women iii .British industry , are still 
PnhCipaHy employed in traditional fe- 
malev occupations, sbeh as personnel, 
catering and retailing. Among the top 
100 British cpmpaniits there are only two 
women ' directors, and women comprise 
less than three per cent of all members of 
lhdlnstituisof Directors. 

At graduate level there is chang a- 
Today jin -Britain! 40 per cent of all 
students 6n management and business 
studies epurses and 10 per cent of all 
MBAs are women. Women consistently 
graduate, with -better degrees than their 
male peer&- ; 

A tecent American survey of men and 
women managers comparing attitudes in 
1965 to 1985 showed that perceptions of 
women as managers by men had chawgprf 
radicaHy, over' 20 years. In 1965,' 51 per 
cent of male managers and 26 per cent of 
women managers, thought women tem- 
peramentally unfit for management In 
1 985; 82 per cent of men and 95 per cent 
of * women managers rejected this 
viewpoint. .... 

The myth that women are not “man-' 
agerrrent material" still persists in Britain 
and is pari’ of a Catch 22. problem. 
Women are either “too feminine" and 
therefore not really managers, or “non 

A male boss is often a” 
leader, a Woman just bossy 

conformist", and therefore not really 

-Women graduates at the University of 
Manchester Insitute of Science and 
Technology.UMiST, say they occasion- 
ally experience prejudice at interview 
level 11ns occurs in male areas such as 
stock broking or heavy industry. Most 
find-jobs, but say they are allowed to get 
only so-'&r. ’ The big jump into senior 
managem ent comes in their eariy 30s. 

.Whilst most senior managers are 
prepared to accept -women at middle 
level Jhey are stdl unwilling to share the 
real - power. As 'women managers in ‘a 
British multi-national pul h “Just check 
on the number of women in the senior 
executrte dining room." 

A recent survey of male executives in ’ 
one: multi-national's subsidiaries across 
Europe; showed that a lack of personal 
experience . was an important factor. 
Those- men who did not believe a ’well- 
qualified woman could be a successful 
subsidiary head, knew of none. Men who 
had' , met and worked with a senior 
woman were, more responsive to the. 
idea; - •' . 

.The American study found in 1965- 

management myth 

Job expectation for 
women in the UK still 
remains far behind that 
of women in the USA. 
Corinne Julius examines 
the disparities 

that 90 per cent of men and 88 per cent of 
-women thought women had to be 
exceptional to succeed in business. In 
1985. 59 per cent of men and 83 per cent 
of women still thought that this was true. 
A conclusion, with which most British 
women would agree, says Dr Marilyn 
Davidson, Director of the Women at 
Work Unit and Lecturer in Psychology 
in the Department of U MIST. 

■ . It is particularly true in the traditional 
male industries women have to cope 
with proving their worth and being 
tested by senior management, often in 
the role of token women. 

To succeed in business has in the past 
often meant “behaving like a man" 
partly because competitiveness, aggres- 
siveness and derisiveness were consid- 
ered male responses. A male boss is often 
called a leader, a woman just bossy 
(witness Mis Thatcher). 

If a woman wants something done she 
is a nag, if a man wants something done 
he is being constructive and showing 
initiative. Research by Dr Davidson and 
Professor . Cary Cooper shows that 
although there are some differences in 
management techniques between men 
and women, there are more similarities 
than differences. 

Women tend to lack confidence as 
managers, but a recent BIM study found 
that women have become more ambi- 
tious, a change not accepted by male 
British managers. Overtly ambitious 
women it seems, frighten British male 
managers to death. This contrasts with 
the Slates where 60 per cent of women 
and 54 percent of men did not think that 
“men are more competitive than 

In America men now fed that women 
have equal opportunities. Women, how- 
ever, do not Although they perceive that 
.opportunities for women have expand- 
ed, they are less sanguine than men. 
Staningly, American women think that 
opportunity in their own companies has 
dropped from 40 per cent in 1965 to 33 
per cent in 1985. Perhaps because the 
opportunities available do not corre- 
spond to their expectations, which have 
risen. According, to Marilyn Davidson 
..the UK is some 10 years behind the 
States and women's expectations are 

All the surveys agree that women get 
less pay at all levels than men. Women 
place greater value on the quality of the 
job and less on money. But money 
equals status and power. Women think 
that they have done weU to be earning so 
much (often resented by their husbands^ 
and « message reinforced by male bosses. 

Women often do not understand how 
the corporate structure works and either 
don't understand or don't want to play 
the game by the rules. Women continue 
to be recruited and trained for specialist 
areas like personnel, thus their experi- 
ence is later considered too narrow for 
broader management. 

Ash ridge Management College found 
that 90 per cent of women attending the 
courses came at their own request, rather 
than the suggestion of their companies. 

Women managers feel highly visible. 
Instead of using this visibility to show 
their worth, they feel vulnerable to 
failure. There are few successful women 
to emulate or to act as mentors. This 
pressure is rarely understood by male 

At work women still face prejudice, 
resentment and harassment. Prejudice 
can be the result of corporate procedures 
which take account only of male needs. 

Women can also find it difficult to 
work for women. Older women, the 
“Queen Bees" who have succeeded the 
bard way. can make it difficult fora new 
generation of women. But on the whole, 
women are very supportive of one 

The two major barriers faced by 
female members of the Institute of 
Directors were male prejudice and the 
old boy network. 

Perhaps the greatest stress experienced 
by women managers is balancing home 
and work. Women are aware that male 
colleagues expect them to be less reliable 
and to have less stable work patterns. 
This is particularly true for women in 
their 30s. Women at this age often wish 
to have children. 

Assumptions about career breaks and 
lack of feminine mobility remain a major 

Overtly ambitions women 
still frighten British males 

barrier to promotion despite research 
which demonstrates that men and 
women have similar career pattern 
profiles. Although women have a higher 
percentage ofbreaks, men, too, take time 

The Institute of Personnel Manage- 
ment found that on average both men 
and women take a year’s break- Men and 
women were shown typically both to 
have spent 8.4 years in full employment 
in their present organisation. Five years 
in their current job, and both working for : 
3.7 different organisations. 

The stress of combining work and 
home is reflected in the feet that only 57 
per cent of women managers are married 
compared to 75 per cent, of male 
managers. Married women managers 
have fewer children than married men 
managers. Women managers are more 
than twice as likely than male managers 
to be divorced or separated. 

Life is not a bed of roses for women 
managers. As women managers demand 
more, cuts in higher education will mean 
that skilled managers will be in short 
supply and companies will need to take 
their women staff more seriously. 

j^O-SPILlOT : 

•\ • large Private - * 

lan g ua g e School Organisation in Germany;, 
requires for a diem in the Frankfurt area: 
Experienced and Qualified Nativ e Speaker 
. Language Trainer- (TEFL) 


With possibility of later assuming Post as Eur o-Rep - 
resen otive on the programme 1 wnb the following 
1 usks: 

- 1 Professional supervision or Euro-Teachers 

- Organisation and administrairve duties 

- Teaching Frrgikh as required 


- Extensive experience teaching eng&sta as a foreign 

- Tanguy find- 5 yeare teaching studto from hosi 

ness and industry) ■ - ■ - 

. TEFL qualification (RSA, . PGCE/TBFL, MA, 

APPJJNG.) , • 

. Adaptability to training methods omniuy m use. 

- Good, knowledge °f German 

The successful applicant can expect both ao attractive 
salary and a pleasant working atmosphere. '. 
Applications in duplicate with c.v. qualifications ana 

recent photograph to: 

Euro-Sprachschulen Or ganisati on, Hauptstr. 26, D- 
8751 Siockstadt/Mam. West Germany. 

Ann Mrs. Bastnkr. 





ttatew are nwd lor 0 * pod 
ResaanJi Me© " aw teow- 

Appointment of 

-10 succeed General sir nugn 

■ The appointment is for five years with effect 
from September 1987, 

lave hem posts of considerable responsibility. 

. Further details can be obtained gome . 
The Secretary to the Council St Gem* 
House, Windsor Castle, Berkshire SL4 1NJ. 
Closing date for applications 1st May 1986. 


Leighton Park School 

This boarding school - 350 pumls !M%I20 

in each of ihc above fields. 

as soon as possible- 

eowicn . £ «saio» w*iuw 



London Business 


Candidates awH have an 
MBA. and a doewrete com- 
Him ow «*« or 



The Centra Eacro Piemowe, one oTIaly^s leading 
language training centres in ponnenhip with ihe 
training division of the Olivetti group, nave a few 
rr qyiiniiig pjany nn lhririT fi df n 1 ™ larig na gF 1 muwf 
this sumrrw, between the 10th and 30th of Auras. 

Designed tor the adun executive, the coune employs a 
progrcssiwe teaching approach as used by one of ibe 
USAs Ivy-League Universities and indudes quality 
accorainodaiion in an historic Cranny villa, set in 

the vineyards above Florence. 

For further deiaik of this itinarkahie coune, contaa:- 

The British Italian Language Centre 

134 CJcrkenweU Road, 

London. EC1R5DL 

Telephone 01-278-0130/9 


ttnueev. oroantzatumai be- 
■wnaor. and tnfonnadon 

• • • • « 

wtoi a copy of U»e OKHUdatal 

CV and the names el thru* 
nMm should be forwarded 
by 304.66 to- 

Dr Stuart SL P SJaaer. 
London BusMms School 

Regenro Park. 
London nwi «SA- 

ApeksUB me MM for Ow above 



Haw you ooa afal e mt a career as a professional pilot? 

Rill one jnear oo u r u t s at qwfleM covering aB ground 
and flying instruction for professional licences for aero- 
PttUKS and helicopters. Approved ha t Brittti Ctvfl 
Avtatkm Authority. 

Courses start February. June an d October each year. 
For tun details contact: 

The Course AdmMvnmr 
Treat Afr Sen*** Lad . 

OaaficU. Beds. MM3 OAL 
Tek 6234 751243 Telex: 826178 


The demand ftir Sa trahad man <r wonan daropoiM in mo orinoe sector u 
kmaaans. Mon ol m trarnno necessary » quaMy Mr a dptana m chropMy 
may h akan at homa b* vary moculnad eomapcnMnca lataonc tahwad 
Of U amdiesl kttmo You an nvead n wraa Mr tha arc Dooun (ran 

The Secretary of Bw School ol CMrepody. 

THEME HSimiTt {aataOBMad tMQ 
tin Haw M m apanmart TTf) 

Bafli Bead. MH di n >aad, D a rh a h i r a S U <LA 
Tat itaidanhaad H»3Q >1100 (Mhalad (0«an 3M4S 

?t-2S State. Wort OX 13LB(TaL 
OHM (08651 542B5J. la eteni to- 


Aartftoonte conmwa Is* I* 6 - _ 

The Wax's School 
Cwterbury, Kent 
0227 462K3 

A v»8 Mifiad ora*M»® »»• 
oitad fcr Bapwnfier 1966 to 
(Bach Chsnway ttra^wut 
tea School. Thera an usurer 
about 100 boy* afcrtrins 
eherrosiry to A level and tnera 
ts a strong Oxttfdge tradittort. 
Further ai fcrn t te Bon may be 
obtained by pnone Horn tee 

Salary above Burnham. 
AecacafeRS wRh name* of 
two rafvees should be sent 
as soon as posoiite tar • 

The Hendn^er. 

Tha (Grig’s Sct»C(. ; 




To Mdi a ranee at Manaoe- 
mtnt MDMctx at 

Granueie/Posi Ontutt 


Min £12J222 {Bar at nt ai 
Max CiWW per annnn 

ABPH ca Don form and rnrthrr 
drtada may be Obtained from 
the Principal Uj whom conv- 
ptpmi reran nwM oe 
retumid unmm faurteen daya 
of ihe ODDearance of uus 

•tea EcaodM loostetal (tent 
E mm Art Sweater, ate tenaanr. 
Raw aw at teaptena to 

Part Lent, London WTY 3HL 
ToL owns 3904 


hnl iy*p ir Unmwnr CM- 
Eaoa. 43 Hantnoton Cardens. 

London SWT 4JU- 
TM. 01-373 7383 5, a 

LUWMII Secretarial CoOege. 
IB Duhroven Street. Para Lane. 
Umdon WiV 3FE- mease wnto 

or letepMne fer niwpectis. 
T«l: 01-639 3904. 

tradHmW Untvemty often 
nepKee to md<wr adults 
over 30. murety d noma end 
Wtth foil ctmUM fer are.- carter 
rawimce. Prewccnis from 

Dept T. NaU CXhwm 4 Co.. Sud- 
ourv SMK. COlO 6EO- 

Directorate of Education 
and Recreation 

We are seeking graduates with teaching 
and management experience at a senior 
level to fill the fallowing pasts in the 
Directorate. Candidates must have 
proven leadership qualities, a record of 
achievement and be able to contribute 
and stimulate a fresh approach and 
solutions to the changing demands and 
needs lacing the Service 

Up to £22.776 p.a. * 

To manage and review the schools 
provision in the Authority. 

Up to £22.375 p.a. * 

To manage and review curriculum 
development and monitoring in the 
Authority's establishments. 

* Following the filling of these posts, 
responsibility for co-ordinating the work 
of the Directorate in the Directors 
absence will be allocated to one of five 
posts of Assistant Director. An additional 
payment of SI. OOO per annum is payable 

in this respect. 

Application forms and further particulars 
available from the Director of Personnel . 
and Administration. Royal Borough of 
Kingston upon Thames, Surrey Kil 1EU. 
Tel: 01-546 2121 Cxt 2215 lAnswerphone) 
Gosing Date: 25th April. 1986. 


Lectureship in the 
Department of 
AppUr attain are Invited (or ■ 
LeetumMp In Enoneermo 
wiUi Mrocutor reference to 
power e l ectr o nic*, electrical 
nKMm and dectra-me- 
maiucBt demon. Altai le ant ? 
should have rt ara re n experi- 
ence and be Chartered 
Enianeen. or snrtUarty qualt- 
fled. lmemiin the appocaban 
of mtc-roproceocr* or In the 
modcUmo of (he electrical and 
thermal cnaractenms of 
power semiconductors would 
be relevant. additional 

Initial salary on the earn* 
1&020 to £16.700. 

Further pertx-olar* from the 
Registrar (Appointments). 
Unlveraty of Leicester. Unf- 
vermy Road. Leicester LEi 
7RH. iletephane 10633) 
5&«d56. ext- 2331. Id whom 
appuratwns on me lorm pro- 
vlded Should He sent by 19 
May 1986 



Amricalitins are muted from men 
or ooflien lor an apoMBmenJ » a 
Coflege Locturaship m Law. -ttn- 
aUr lor tour years tram I Ot&to 
1986 (or tram a 0 Ht to be Umbt- 
mntdl It b hoped tha the suc- 
cessful tepicam too nol only 
teach th« tayus but swraoly 
dnd suites n Law «i the Col- 
lege. The appoene will be steeled 
■so an Ottrai Wtawstup. The s&- 
pend wit bs on a scale roughly 
. comparable .with thA tor. Um- 
wrsty Ucftaws or Aswan Lec- 
turers depandng on sareonty and 

Apoteatnis should be made to 
the Secretary to the CotroL 
Bnon College, Carabnogs. 
C83 OJG tram wnom further par- 
Octdars may be obtained Aopu- 
catona stnuld raacndie Secretary 
to Dm Councd no taer dim 1st 
May 1986. togetna wte a state- 
men ol ouaJflicacns. pubto- 

and exoenence. and tire names ot 
nor more than three reteraes. 


AsvHcattoai an tvtted roe the 
Leffli Oinir el P&thotogy and 
Headrtav of the Deoannient 
PaOMMosor which win be- 
raw vacate rrtwn 1st October 
1966 on me reUrernent of 
Protasor RC Curran. 

Salary in Ihe cdnka] prara- 
sortal ranpe. majtmum 
£27700. with 

add — te at 
Further parttoulars avaDabto 
(ram the Vice Chancellor. 
Unvieriaty ot Hmunanani. 
PO Hoar 363. Btrnuoonam 
BIS 2TT to whom appneanns 
(16 codes: one from evented 
candidates) should be sent by 
19th May 1966. 

An Eaual Opportunities 

The Queen's University of 

Centre for Information 

hotetfe from 1 OeUM> 1986 or 
wdi oOm am as may te anwoad. 
appteato Eboua prawauvUMe rs- 
mdi rasas si n» nan a ganeni 

» BIS Personnel Wta*. The 
ml Urevcney m BetesL Nonft- 
■bnd.617 ItH. Ctasnp dns. 15 
r 1996 (Pina auto l£f. 36,7). 


Official French Government Establishment 

Native French teachers - high quality courses 

(10 weeks - starting 21 April) 
i Bilingual Secretarial College 


14 CrenveS Place, Loadtw. SW7 2JR 
■ d Tek 01-589 6211, Ext 42 
Irk 01-581 2701, Ext 21 

New from Pitman 

Executive secretarial training ulus moth experience a) our 
Wonbieoan College, induces training m wonj and data 
processing and secretanal sWto lor RSA exanunaiions. 
Appiouedloagsigs avadauie for prospectus, ptease 
contain: - - 

The Principal, 

mnun Coltoge. Wimbledon 
Aiwyna Road, 


Tel: 01-946 1706 

Preatel *211212 


8 l4vu Sdwelchiau.PfKsen 
IS 24 yn Job hteraf.CMras 
2B -34 ws AdMncemsaL sew twt 
35 54yti 2sdCsi*w Batiwtesfy 

AsasssaieRis end EntesacelH 
ill syss. Free bmtoae. 

a a 90 Ennima Hia wi 

IN 1986? 

CCE 1 0 1 si le«P AnUrieg 
UCC* at Polr T Cfsdsshs|> 

G Millies bant 7 

NOW 1$ THE TIME M awsall 

nhinpet Muitsteiti 

gatesaee fees hractouv 

Itri SOCIoucMlm 
W ® • 01 935 5452(24 hrs| 

he. OH 

MRMUnOML private «»- 
tradUUHial LlnlvereSV Oiler* 
dcutwes to tmd -career aduito 
over 23. tottrrty ai home and 

WIO) full ctmUU Mr B!«-<CBrcer 
ngntam. from 

CMeL T. N*R Qbcon * Co. Sud* 
bury. SulloU. COlO GEO 

SET. OOteWf Ootor. London. 
Srcrrtante. Bunnns raid Laiv 
auage Courses. Word Pwraor 
Trwtenp. English lor Oiw* 
Studaate Rrouvni and Day &»u- 
dents. Ti» Bepdrtt tlh, 2 
ArbtorMU Road. London NWS 
6 AD- TM. 01-438 Wl. 

MMMLSEV HALLr home vhtay lor 
OCZ. Decrees (LoDdoo BA. BSc. 
LLB. Warwick MBAi Prncpec^ 
iuk The PnncmL Date- AL9. 
Wohar NblL Freepote Oxford 
OK2 6RR- Tte! 0866 322000 
l£« hro 



Tutor in International 
Small Firms Development 

Applications are invited for the above new post which is 
designed to underwrite the expansion ot the work of the 
Small Business Centre at Durham University Business 
School in the field of entrepreneur, counsellor and ad- 
vtser training abroad. This Is an area in which the Centre 
already has a considerable reputation and where there 
is scope tor substantial further development. The tutor 
will have a considerable programme portfolio to manage 
and develop. 

The tutor will have experience of working wtth small 
firms development and Institutions overseas and must 
have an entrepreneurial approach to programme devel- 
opment and to research. 

The appointment win be for two years in the first In- 
stance at an appropriate point on tha Lecturers' Scale 
(£8,020 - £15,700 per annum). The contract may be 
extended should the tutor be successful in generating 
continuing programme income and activity. 
Applications (3 copies) inducting the names, addresses 
of three referees should be sent to the Registrar and 
Secretary. Old Shire HaH Durham DH1 3HP not later 
than 2 MAY 1986. 




AapilraUon* an inured from 
muiubly QuaUtim porcorn lor 
iMornmnU Id lire Ctuur of 
InduMnal Oremistrv wnten 
H3 Australia LUnUfd has 
at) retd to metotv. Initially lor 
a pmed of iwr* years. Tito 
Char will be one ol lour in 
Uto Department of Chniteiy. 
The Chairman of Uto Deoart- 
ritonl ts Prcttaar R D 
Brown: Prafmor SO West 
ItoMK Uir Mcond Chair <lnor- 
Wat CncmistryL and 
Professor W.R. Jackson hokls 
Uto third Chair lOmur 

Tire Professor, whom unw 
will be divided between 
Monash Umveraly and ICI 
AutorBha. wiH parncWato in 
■he leacMno. neseram and 
other activates ol the Deoan- 
mnu or CheiMsUy. Tlw 
P rofe n or wlU or mweted to 
undertake schotarty work and 
to conduct research unmanly 
m nekts of ntumar inleresl (o 
ICI Australia ana to Use De- 
partment of Chemistry 

n u expected Uial Ihe sucres*- 
lid applicant would oe a 
person with considerable ex- 
perience in Ihe chemical 
industry and should have a 
suouanual record of scholar, 
ship and irtoustnal experience 
In a broad range ol chemical 

The amain tmeni wlU be for 
an Initial term of three years 

Salary SAS7JJS6 per annum 
Superannuation, travel and 
remoial allowance, and lens- 
porary hounno naaslance. 

EnautrtM of an academic na- 
ture should be addressed to 
Protestor R D -Brown, in tlw 

Information on appUrvUon 
procedure and further partic- 
ulars may be obtained Irani 
trie Registrar. Monash Univer- 
sity. Qavton. Victoria 3168. 
Australia, or the Secretary 
General. Association O* Com- 
monwealth Unh. cranes 
lAppisi. 36 Gordon Sguare. 
London WCIH OPF. 

AnpdcaUons should reach ihe 
Wegtspar not later than 13 
JUNE 1986. Council reserves 
Uw right to make no apoomt- 
mem or to atwouu bv 
invitattan at any stage 


A research officer is needed 
ror a programme ntnUy fund- 
ed by the Science Research 
Council and GEC Turbine 
Generators Limited The 
work, reouim Ibe collection 
ot dam from a targe electro- 
magnetic Ml rig smudalmg 
aspects of turbine generators 
and Uie comparison of these 
experimental results with 
analysts based on fmito de- 
mem lecnnraues. 

The ur.iiu.1i officer wtn 
spend aDanKUnalety nine 
nrnnuw each year at the Staf- 
ford works of CEC. working 
In eUhrr me Generator Divt- 
Poo of OEC Tortwie 
Generators- or the 
Electromagnetics Group of 
the Stafford Laboratory. The 
remaining three months will 
be snenl at the Untversny 
where there Is a substantial 
group interest in Dus and re- 
lated pro to re s . 

Starting salary up to £9*95 

according to auaJincawms 
and experience. 

The appointment Is for mm 
years. Good performance 
could result In an offer ot em- 
ploy mem by CEC. 

Further particulars and appli- 
cation forms may be ootaaied 
from the Personnel Otncer. 
University of Bath. Bath. BAZ 
7AV. auottng reference num- 
ber 8c> -57. Closing dale: 
2 5 86. 

Department of 

to Study teoh pceas tta e and 
chemical streets an receMor 
chennets using patch clamp 

AppUcaltona are Invited for 
Die above POM. suraoned by 
the W eMc ome Trust for two 
years Applicates temuM have 
a mo In ctectraptiysiotogy 
but need nave no emawienrr 
of town pses a u rt work. The 
proiert involves collabor a tion 
wuh Ruiaw r p n r 
U anerwood. NoUlnoham Uni 
versus", but is based with Or A 
G Macdonald in A ber de en 

Salary ra.CJTO - nMO per 
armum. wmun the Range IA 
Scale for Research and Anato 

Further parttcutars and appre 
canon forms from The 
Secretary. The Uteveralty 
Repaid Walk. Aberdeen. AB9 
I FTC. to whom aooUcaUons <3 
coptes) should be lodged by 9 

May 1986. fRef No WDiO»i. 

London Business 


AppUcaltoito are mvtted far 
the apuoui ti i ’ient of Lecturer 
m Pcca n nn SCMnce* ai the 
London Graduate BOM ot 
Busmen Studies. Teaching 
dunes win tnvotve Intraduc- 
tbry staUsha and operational 
re sear ch an tiw pougraduate 
and p o s t enpe rtenre courses, 
ivtui an omptiasts an 
octnpuuno and dedsumdun- 
nort. AMUtcam s&ffilU have 
a strong mate la rm e aren 
And. tat Uw time of aopolnt- 

ra bS erl area. Thcappottemcnt 
wot be sabMCt to the normal 
terms anortated Wtth a lev- 
lureshlp art the London 
tiuslnm .School- Awuce- 
Uons. mtewUitg wricidum 
VHar and tha addras* of a ref 
•race, raooid ee sent to Derail 
Bunn. Chairman. D«W» 
SictanrcSubtoct Ana. London 
EhMncn- School. Bwara 
Place. Regain Park, fcoddon 
MWl 4SA. 


as pan d me npanum puns nw 
me Engnwnng anu Teomwogv on> 
gnrniw atvfccilons ms dvcM K» i 
LfcCTIHSR raa irom prisons wnr i 
bKtg'ouna in one or mors ol the 
lollowng ireas 

Oryui Efrcmmts 
Cwnniuncalun Systems 
(iKUorecs M0 
Signal Pmmuig - 
Exprn Sysiems 
MkMr Vision 

The Detto tmen M S a tegr and w- 
panamg conwapntni lo COteXtee 
msearen n ms tSPRIT mo ALVEV 
progranmss wikh Ms UUnm L 
soong. «ae«M(ate rescirco 
groups m he but! no si Robow*. 
Sreral Piocsssng. ite VLSI CM) 
wwe oe are maqmsee is one ol 
me lentog omm CaMOut not 
he etoeaea lo Mm ua leievM ex 
Itacnee n a Unrvenay « Many, 
and me penon oponKd «nM pn 
onr ot me twang gnxios mmede- 
panment mrung m me abeae areas 

Sdary iUDfan rapropnn aasd 
on me wmn salary SC**. £ 8020 - 
CI5TO0 par anwn acantng D dge. 
guaMMoanns aM upenence 

Funnel oameum mn te oboned 
from me Seesai tenoul teostrat 
(EmPtetWtdnBKf-P). The Utawra- 
ty. F KatsaiglMi t enter Neratne 
upon Tyne, Ml TRU o«h mftoni ag- 
oScatxns |3 comesj logether asm ue 
iranes and teBestte DfN nnee rale<-' 
ses shouM M woged nofl UHf Ban 
5m May 19K 





AppUrahons are Invited for 
the vacancy of Fixed-Term 
Aiemaat Accommodation Of- 
ficer The successful 
candidate wtB be required lo 
visit lodgings and nan offered 
(or ad etudente. but will have 
Epaoal respo n s ib ility (hr help- 
ing students from overseas, 
single and married Appli- 
cants should be graduates and 
preferably have some experi- 
ence in dealing wnn people 
from ovmeaa. Cur ownership 
is emenhal. 

The appointment wtn be (or 
three years from the dooneef 
dale that can be arranged and 
wiH be on ihe scale £7063 - 
£12780 per annum together 
with USS. USDPS benefits. 

Further parttrulara and apnu- 
catton forms i2 comes) may be 
obtained tram the Personnel 
Oil are. Unvlmmy College of 

Swansea. SutoMoo Park. 
Swansea. SA2 BPP. to which 
office l hey should be returned 
by Friday. May 16. 1966. 



Aopbcabons at imnttd from 
graautes or hoUas d emihatenf 
professional quaMcahons tor tne 
post ol Atmanstramre ftsstaant n 
tee Department ol Etecteial and 
Etedromc Engneerenv. 

Dumb rerit be d support tire Head 
ol Deoartment in Dm mtisisaini 
at Hactwig. it* a amrastr a aon at 
ras e arcb prarects and m the tio- 
anoaf cairn o t die Deoarmem's 

Aren tram tbese anponant res- 
ponsibHws the sufxessttd 
unMBte art love tee oppon- 
umty to respond te bemg te tee 
highly tecnnofopnl arnnonmen 
ot this Derettmere by assisting 
wtn tee appheanon ot mformabon 
totting ogyar mraagofnaB ot tay 
to day mars. 

Salary ml be at an amnpriaie 
aouit on he Admnusnative Graaa 
7A 58 hry state £7.8S- S1Z7SD 
per anon accmting lo aga. reiati- 
fteabons and expenemre. 

Further partners may ba 
otamed tram tee Senur 
Assstam Raastnr (EstaWw- 
meffls) FP. Tha University. 6 
lutfisrwtwT Turn. Newcastle 
Itean Tyne NEl 7RU. wte tettn 
apptcauns. togettn wte tee 
names and admesses ol three 
referees, should be mooed nor 
later tean 5lft May. 1986. 

University of London: TTre 
London School of Economtcs 
and Pofitical Science 

Aopflctaons are Muted tor ap- 
ptMtnwn traoi 1 0ctober 1966 to 
a on year taetorasftfi m Econtm- 
e History. 

ApponbnM w* be m tee late- 
ly range lor toctmrs ot HURD to 
9.495 a year pta £1297 a year 

envelope, tent tee Asaotam Sec- 
may, Room H 510. The London 


The Unneraity invites appkatiora 
tor a Cfolr in OngsusStonal Be- 
bamx. TOs Oa m* team 
vacant uoetog w trtwmem a 

the end otths acaaent* year ot 
Professor Tom lq*®- The salary 
mfl be In da Bonnal.pratossorM 
range Kite U SA superanrnoaon 
bemtos. Dedad aoptaaBons 
taaaUe toe ptaoeopimai cm- 
o«ng the name ol threo 
retatts *n*l reach ftatete 
tear. Ha Uraveraay. «*«*«*• 
Ml 3 9 FL (tram tewm tutther 
BSboiw i«jf be obaiMi? t»- 
tore Hay 500886 - 


Ummniw of Walm 


■ JJ; Jt i 'M M J 



(Fixed term - teree yean) 

to work on a protect tailed 
Human Factors In tho Dasign 
ol Speecn Systems 
l menaces which a lurated 
under me Atvey programme. 
Candid ales should have do- 
nated or expect to otnam a 
higher degree with human 
enconmemai psychology, hu- 
man lacUhs/ergononvcs or 
cognitive psychology as its 
mam tof>c 

I re- advertise mem previous 
applicants need not re-apcxyT 

Salary: Withm Range ia Re- 
search and Analogous Start 
£8020 - £12780 per annum 
Requests iqucmg Ref-DST] 
lor deiats and appbeanon 
lorm to Salting Office. 
UWtST. PO Box 68, Cardiff 
CF1 3XA. 

Closing Date 7 May 1386 


Lhvvrraiy of VJalM 



Salary: £8020- £15,700 pa. 

Requests (quoting Ret. 043) 
tor derails and appheanon 
lorm to: Starting Office. 
UWtST, PO Box 68. Cardiff 
CF1 3XA. 

Closing Date; 8 May 1366 

LknvKmTv of Wales 



Salary: £8020 - 
£15700 per annum 

Ueauesls tavcUna Ret. 
D44) for details and 
application form to 
Staffing Office. 

UWtST. P O BOx 68. 
Cardiff CF1 3XA. 

dosing Date: 15 May 






Auul icaho re. are liniM for a 
unable tor iwrtw months 
from in October 1986 The 
reaching will be mainly in Lat- 
in poetry- Salary will be 
within- ttae range. £ 8.020 to 
£9.880 according to age. 
auanficntlons and experience. 

Further particulars should be 
obtained man the Revsirar 
and Secretary- Urti-erstty of 
Bristol- Senate House, Bristol 
BSS 1TH. to Whom apouca- 
nons should be seal by 
Thursday. Bth May 1986 
inuottne reference JCi 






The University unites (Ml. 
rattans from, men and women 
lor die dcm of Temporary 
Lecturer In the Denartmenl ot 
Law which n lenoblelrom Id 
September. 1986 for a period 

of up to one year. 

Satan- will he up to £9.000 
per annum on the Lecturer 

scale £ 8.020 - £ 16.000 ac 
rordlnn to ape. aiulrucauans 
and expenrncr. 

Fortner parucuUn may be 
Obtained from; 

The Senior Assistant Regts 
liar. lEsrabtohmentai 'F.P.i. 
The Liiasemry. 6 Kesningion 
terrace. NewasOr upon 
Tyne. NEl Tati wuh whom 
aWUDsns <3 cowed togeth- 
er with toe names and 
addresses of 3 referee s should 
be todoed not- later than 30th 
April 1086. 

- University of •• 

Aopmnoro am bmtm s hr a 
tonporaiy IfCTVHEBWP IN 
MUSIC twM tor ana yur 
Mm ia> Oaot a r 1008. Tlw per- 
son appoamd wilt bawpocad 

ter teaenng as ma as ortanrig a 
spec rotmui leachev ora» 
S^i^on tea scale £8020 * 

A w X fca no na (6 eojaoni namfeig 
Una ratteMS By 2nd May IMS 
id Msotan Ragoirar (Atbl 
Unmrbtr 6» Brtne^ftre, B1$ 
2TT. tram whom tursror particu- 
lars may ba oMvned. 

An Equal Opportunity Employer. 



Domestic & Catering 


An ctesificd 

can be acct-picd by iricphnnc 
fewpt AnnounccmcMM. The 
deadline i* S.l'NIpm ' Jjy* prior 
U> publmiiun (*c J impm Mon- 
day for WedncMbyi. Should 
you wish (o send an advertise- 
ment in wntinc pkaw include 
vour daviimc phone number. 
PARTMENT. If you have any 
queries nr problems robing 10 
your advert Bern Mil once 11 has 
appeared, please eon lari our 
C ustatner Services Departmenl 
by icfcphanc an 01-481 3006. 



1 Together we can beat it. 

W- fund ov.t .mi. ih'fd •‘■I 
ill iywuMi mn iJn* pirnn- 
linn and cure ol can' i-r in 

the UK 

Help ns hi iriidin^ i dona 
Lion Or nulce J Ifgicv in 



1 2i 'aih»">[> H- «i«- T> m- >- 

lC« ;il TT/fl;4 i I i4«1><f- V--11 SlF 


These drtdun have m M iaiqtn hew 

id speak, rhevneeasuwaneachers 
sows attention and smut 
uuwpmenr PttJStWtuZ ?»? mtaw 
D imp ami H- se irui t"cv v'- noi 
iwjarten oy &r.tiim*n' te 
Eduuoon. by Local Ju:noni«s 
pprabtotfl -iradia/CowianB 
please Cii 

45 Herehrt Road. London WZ 5AH 

ALAR HOOTH ijonro CamorW 
University Liaison officer. Ber- 
Un 19**. From SlraUord. AMo 
Milne iMAHlen naiwi 

padvdrlyv 'Zlnlor ikL B.vih 
Contort Nina ihlwai 

Clfvofigrm. *0 Wuiili Aif . 
1007. Toronto NMW l Jo Cana- 
da Tet |416I 9*0-3032 
You ordered extra for me. 

I was to send a meture 
The- b Use best I ran do 
I promised lo rememoer. 

Years Later I do 

Is your Dromoe sail vaiM . 

New York Cm: 718 871 0952 

BONHAMS Manloelier Modem 
Art Courses. See CUuCAtion. 
FJS. Con Lad Mr John at 0652 

FRECKLES- It snow wonder l 

mis you- ice com PLATO 


F.G. Happy Birthday in your Wlh 



UtCRER 1 BONO on April Wm 
1956 in Coventry. Ivy to Jart 
IPoUyi. Now living in Donrt. 
Congratulations and love from 
me family 


MEET IHt MtTBTS at work 
Bon rums unique 6 week full 
dim course surts MW April 
Lectures and soils lo leading 
UK arose* and craftsmen- Tei 1 
Principal Ol 68* 0oo7 

FBKMISMP. Love or Marriage I 
All ages, areas. Oairlllie. Dew 
<016- 23 Awngdon Road. Lon- 
don WB. Tel 01-958 lOU. 

BREAKAWAY- London's club tor 
prafevuonal unanairhed pemde , 

23-43 Into tope 24l»rs 997 7994 , 

COMPANY COLT Days orgam-ed \ 
fee staff or customer* Any to 
canon. Td 0754 672722 

Witt* IN LONDON rent a TV or , 
video by day. wk or monlh 
TOPS TV Ol 720 4409. 

CAUBRC Ctr» professionally 
wnnen and produced 
curriculum vitae uocuioenls. 
Details. Ol 690 2959 


09 YI*A WATTERS E S Cud eon 
US lawyer IT Bulsuode St Lon- 
don Wl 01 *86 0615 


MMBUDON Debtuure seals 
wanled for prlsaie companies. 
Top prices paid. 01 226 042.* 

don. FA Cu? Final y outer 
esrnn Ol 225 45oO 


warned indudmg oeiwniures 
Besr ances paid Ol 22-5 C«7. 

WmmCOOH orkrts warned, bai- 
lors or debs Top puces paid 
Obtainable*. Ol 659 18*9 

Ol 926 1775 



Overseas Travel 


Bizet dotnfl nothing? 
Writing u* Chopin Hat? 
Ensure you Include 

Our prices cant t» mteod 
i Buy or lure trwn only £ 16 pml 

markson pianos. 

Albany Street. NWI. 

Tel: 01-935 8682. 

Artillery Place. SE18. 

Tel: 01-854 4517. 


WwUMde lew cod ffights. 
Tte bed - h4 m cm tme S 
17&.00& c&sois state 1978 

FROM £765 

SCULPTURE of John Lennon by 
renowned international sculp- 
tor Bronn cart bust. life sue 
£1.300 Ol 979 6847. 






O hr rtn 
5392 Efiil 
E30O ES82 
C4« 1740 
098 063 
£23l Caffi 1 

BtBOim OF nemXBOL Soror 
of England's |in«t I7th and 
18lh Century reolica rum) lure. 
Solid Mahogany- English Oak. 
Walnut and marquetry 
Nrllle&ed. On OH 10491 J 

cats! ' starlight EXPRESS 

we hair lick rfs for Ihes* and 4L 
mrjiic and vpocu. Ten 631 

3719. 637 1715. All major 
rrcdll cards 

THE TOMES iraS-iML Other 
lilies avail. Hand bound ready 
for erwenurion also 

-Sundays" C12 50. Remember 
When. 01468 *323. 

TICKETS for any event. Cats. 

Siarlipnt Exp. ChelS. Les Mis. 
All uwaire and mom. 621 
061O/82A 0495 

A b/Vlu/DINR 
The hfgfwsf quality and meat 
compeMIlve in the country. Tel 
0625 5-53721. 

MIAMI/FLORKM £206 075 
HONG KONG £246 £496 
oeLHIfBOMBAY £250 CP* 
COLOMBO E242 C431 
TEL AVIV Cl 09 £159 

NAIROBI £242 £39 1 

JO BURG £266 £457 

LIMA £253 £495 

LOG ANGELES £20« £379 

NEW YORK £139 C2J5 


124 (Ht COURT MUO. 

EmtusA ny* p-m mm 
lam MJN (Mil 01 -Ml ISO 
iaimuCs S' -9U MM 
Ei nrnitil UNWdiBoMM 

★ ★SAVE £ffS** 
★★1ST CLASS** 

* SIM* * * iSIBOUf®* ■* 

JpiRIh * * 8P5WW* 

* ATBtW * • 3 *HttA * 

* UJC/LAfe 1 * * IMBilWrON * 

; M + * P UX3P * 

* eu¥><* « • liP'tJ * 

* QtttflVE * * MMU * 

; sueu * * B * 

* un tk5T * * N-TJ 1 ® * 

*. 1USMA * * "1WI* • 

* KSM-flO * * VHM4& * 

* i wahes * * * 

*ow«m ■* dS^posa* 

*>r S0U7- MJWA •* 

* USi • Uj* 9 eJS 1 * 
stMWOflU) TTUwi iestd een 
H Sooth a. l?rm. Swny 

•"MBSS* - 


Uiuncdiato wm a n g* for tw» BTafVjrlrTnefl 

ID Mtfdr ■ ■M d.p r m *w* 

r* 4MMUM Enqim* RN M w *»cutbie fmw a *CW"' < P 
how. Uve ui KCOfiurwifflon and prtval® Jiwi'lflft- Mu* » 
pteoared to re locate ouutde the UK tog* Middle Eosl fnt East 

•r Southern Hetmsonerei. Return nto faw to UK add annuMy. 




Nonh Louden requires Hrao 
ohi nnm. tvunu id speuti 
Japanese and previous Mped- 
ehce in a stmuar camcRy an 
essential t«: Mr. amhu 0>- 


De1*htfiil fiu is cwdleMto- 
am. attrasovw fdmotea. 
2 dbbr tr**, 2 tails I) cn* 
pillr). spnooos dnwina m- 

fiiUy & lut/bre*kf*JL «L 

Llur m u* petio na. C? 5 

01-7?7 7227 

Wrfte HWe wn Hy imt MHery M « 

AB rap6e> boetod W aWf 


full ttmc Btoerienced co **?*' 
BKv nA tor elieid entoctom- i 
mem. - Pmh contact. JtU i 
Dumb m- MtcfcJ Warfield. Ol- , 
406 t3B8 


UI PAM and moO w rs hitoij 
aulred tor nmta 
Helpmate* e mutoytu e w agency 
Ot 874 At 51. 

[ Stnmhnt motkia h WBd W*: 
macutoiy dec and tlinHdicd 
IMti'aBL j recrPL 4 tgdnu i.2 
j talks (I en-*uiteK dkna. U 1 

Swwb Is Br tan wjr 

converted period houto E** 
Icol aerar and funwnie 
t&ro'om. Reccpoon tadi M » 
. k«iy bne !■». 2 

suwme Ave, sws 
£100 . p*f Nd. ffl A 

CKBSa S W Ertafc atmadgMta 
m «» taM Chdsw^ 

*■*» ■ ol Stems 5<i Du*) ra. 

**S KK ™ 

town. flSWj.g 5 ” M- 

cxas» mo ““Ef S® 

god Orix* 3 K*w 
not RAchen/t*® m •*, Am 
™T«s. 0*00. £«» «»• 
safiMM SW1 w mat 
dec ani ««WS M » H* 

WK c* 0 NOM sox*. DO*. ESSO 

^ 584-5361 


no eV ^ 

fate vj 


! by Kensington family with 2 boys (2 & 7 yeas). 
Kindness and intelligence more important man 
lengthy experience. Must be driver, non-smoker 
j and uhra clean. Good salary and accommodation 
offered. Serious male applicants also considered. 

BREXrZ Manny /TMtJtort W$> 

required for two gtm 16 A 4). 

Please contort Mfs THAN* laftor 

«W> Ol 960 *870. 

3rd tKdnm/sndy. fidb fiUkn. 

2 twin (I etowheVOWP*. 

! OI-722-7IOI 


TEL: 01-937 9380 


S7 RCgrnl StrerLUindOoWl 
Tel *y» 6654.UK/Otwrww 
ana re nefps. don* Hnto-nenn 

6CATFJNDC5S Any event Inc Les 
Mi* Oivrol Cm. SUrOghl Eras, 
vwimblrdon. Cby n drlw um e. Ol- 
626 1670. Motor emtu cards. 


CfifTE £139. Htma £125 
ALGARVE £135. CflRrU £117 
TEHOHFt £197. RHODES £149 

Vanuk dept «pn (/May it 

rCi/igt R bod axon, gte flight 

frtyn fiatwcLM autas iB (suf* 

Upps/Mdl (MS OPy Aorl/Uar 

IKE TttU 11014-19851. dvr 
ymiMM an anginal ooue dated 
the very day they were barn. 
Tel: 01-486 6506. 

PIANO Magnlflnml German Baby 
Grand. Rreondlttooed Harrod*. 
valued £1.660. 01-465 0148. 

Kgps/Mdi an eaoy AsriAtar 
and Rrougboat Sw smimt Bey 
dim 124 tniftKun mugs. 
LOUDON 61-251 5456 
MMCW5TSI 661-434 5333 
SHEFHELD 6742 331 WO 

AvaMhM rttalr. was KM too. 
w 3 m areiiEnins la a «■» . 


General Appointments 



bimaerfaWy hsnobBd FW in tha 
UP gu*&7 btodt. 2 dble. bebnns. 
2 tathonsL. both *nth Sh oiWL. 
Me. rectpL. l/t ht £550 par 

iao»« dqdrtm a6ifl R8MW ■ 
ds istUb mo *lr tail 00*25 
two danUa W R w wl reo teh 
rwmi.iJouoia racepkon foohlRo*- 
«m tdr wawl W* « 

litAr tomstad wi V i piWA 
Bmdanf. iwd itol « £5S0 a , 

I took tv a im or Dogs. Compreir 


■#^£249 - ■; 

.^■#s&5ccr«3^ r fsjSS^w^? 


19«, For Sate. Teieobone Ol- 

<550 712! 

-v. , . 

.oVVi "■ 5vS v < ' 


Please Telephooe 757 2S52. 


:yv ; jV:\6 3? 7-V4J . 



Ctnbsa Office: 0VO9 5211 

Are ptaEi iBtoteMpt onto 

01-589 2133 


bejutifcSy HWIWO WH V- 
ncftal anaftawts a atflusw 


OBSMums. tataMmn £700 
pS’Trt t*. dw. hfts ffld 

The candidate should be an ACA and have had 
experience of computerised accounting prefera- 
bly in the travel industry. Small, friendly go 
ahead company. Remuneration according to ex- 
perience Apply with CV 10 Anne Berry. Super 
TraveL 22 Hans Place. SW1X OEP 

WHAT IS MSKarr? And Why do 
people *ay It Change* Ux-tr fleet | 
lor me belter? Cone along and 
find out -Introduction lo 
ImMhT 7 30 pm TbiovUy 17th 
April. The ColumbU Motet 96- 
99 Lancaster Gale. London W2. 
Adnoson tree. inaigM Seim- 
nar*. 01 222 0150. 


01 542 4066 

{Cit’d 1970} 


Worldwide cheapest fare. 
Richmond Travel, t Duke S* 
RtrrunOiid ABTA 01-940 4073. 
spam. pcarrvoAi. mocc. 
Flight* from mosl UK airports 
Many late medal offers. Faktor 
Ol 471 0047 ATOL 1640 


and capable sales per- 
son to work at The 
Watch Gallery SW3. 
Must be well spoken 
experience not essen- 
tial good salary with 
excellent opportunity 
for promotion. 


Bntat m acme AN MdMI b 
imown St m + Mtar. 

penod ur trewL St M + «Mi. 
rocapL toft pkit shown aBacted. 
mi 12 noNta pte. EtSO pw 

For the best 
selection of rine 




bttoes ■> na pm xns ol w 

MS BOd EBMl LtOllaB. 

• in prime London mwm. 

Canted Roearaary AcmOaa. 

junathan Kern on 

pean destinations, v^iuandn 
Ol a CO 4262.0062 ABTA 
61004 ATOL I960 

To join successful young team for Fulham estate 

01-736 9822 

Please cettiaci 
Emma Munroe 

Teh 581 3239 


PIANO AUCTION:, varied frlw- 
non of upnghl and grand puno* 
lo be void on Friday isch AprU. 
viewing 2 day* Pdor. PhllUp* 
Fine Art Auctioneer*. Hayes 
place. Lawn Grove. London 
NWI. Td Ol 723 2647. 


April /May In VUiasA Apts 
Corfu 21-22.29/4 £139 
Crete 22^9.-4.6 5 £149 
Malaga 20/4.27/4 £129 
Canaries 22/4.29.4 £189 
Fa/o various £149 


TEL: 01-434 4326 






Some truly different and 
unuiual tmaes. Item a 
stunning film dliedoi ■ 
chateau with private 
swimming, luxury apartments 
lot Z’4 overlooking Ag, 

Hicolaos hdboui. a delightful 

village (IMf car hire 

included. Av.ilabiliiv all 
summer, me. April, wiih 

The dantod tar tha trained man or wongn dWopotaa; * me oditte Moor » 
inomra MoB of He we*». — ewr. P quoafy to a dgUpme m d wopody 
may ba Bfcan at noma u, may awdenl BOfto flp c w aana itanieMnwa 
ay Id jraot at innp You am imm a «M lor aw Pm boaraa* Om" 

Tha f+avtan of «w School « CMrepeAr. 
Thg Now Hal (De pre tarewt STtl 


I awtann had be«n accepted >o> ■ 
the iob of then choice, by the I 

I ume they had completed their I 

tiairmid. 8 


OpDoatte Parti- Charmtag 
bouse to private Square. 2 
double beds, pretty batco- 
ay. 1 bath plus seperaie 
cloak room, targe open 
plan reception. Wtrtien 
with aB roachttjes. Intetpai 
garage. Avauaue now. Co 
let l year fum/ 

01 486 8926 


TOntans Of Ktmo your house? 
let us ose or expott* to 

eoiaOB yoor prapeny. We W 
to Canaan Eacatms and 

to ConpaRy EMCatms and 
Emtias^ pmornnf « jwfjy 


Bod Road. MafdonNtod. BortuMre SL6 4tA 
Omaontread (0S26J 21100 (24 (n| and <0828) 22*49 

240963 l2«n answenng 1 
| service) or wote for prospectus , 

ft auMTESffcanMwtcouaa 

77GoorgrScmt DptWOM 


iku. 2 rrco>. sun dKfc. cl fv. 
May NOV. £150 «». 562 6841 

hcnsiiMNon Col TV 34hr swbd. 
tlx. CoUliwftom Allfe 575 6306. 

ST JAMES SW1. Lunar 2 bad 
fully furnished serviced OP* nr 
parti. Or 373 6506 (Tjl 


PERTH return from £629 
SYD/MEL/BR1S £655 
01-242 5555 

15H7 New Cnrfdrd SL Land an WCl 
V 0»»>r"M .a 5ior*» § Vtooij^r J 

lempeiMum in the 70*. Make 
19B6 1 he year vou gol me Villa 
light, and ask for our biochure, 
me. Corfu and Pesos. 




- Crete Department 
— - . 43 Che*al Place 

v ’. London SW7 lEJt 

\ 0 1-5*1 0851 

1589 0132 - 24 hr 

. ..7— brochure service) 




School secretary re- 
quired. part time. No 
shorthand, accurate 
typing essential, some 
dnving and friendly 
family atmosphere. 
Mrs Bird. 
Falkner House 
Girls lndependant 
Preparatory School 
19 Brechin Place. 
London SW7 4QB 
01-373 7153 

kOHrai r«Q Duto £570 

Fieetmn £4» mmpa nBO 

LiCto £340 Jadom t«g 

Monmm J400 knrera £260 

AirarMt me Kul.'Sm £445 

B OW * rJSO ki mot SXO 

Som/EM «U5 NY04 E24S 

Cm o 0*0 SAM E750 

Cokonho {4J0 SyO'Mei £555 

Omuicia £270 Tokyo £570 



Tot 11-459 3521/8807 


I serial sum in our aftracuv. 
villa*. Ring Pan World HOhday* 
01-754 2662 W/rtoys 
UNSPOILT CORFU-Coftage* ants 
on secluded, sandy bay*. 2A 
May dev* fr £149 p.p III 0753 
06611 ATOL 1427. 

GROCL Urwpqlll Mands. cheap 
nignu.villa rentals eft. Zeus Hot 
Iday*. oi-aja 1647. AM Alto. 
25 & 50 from £146 inclusive. 
Trl Slranvi 0706 662814. 

eosavnes cajooo This »« 
known Mayfair counrdc hotae 
need* a brrghL Bveiy ceoege 
leaver re mM In their buty 
markeUng devartmenl. There 
are tots of travrt arTangesnenis 
lo make and llaiHm wuh depart- 
mens an product laimctie*. 
mmkrtlna Idea* and packaging 
d ew m . If* a fun. hectic atmo- 
oonere Deeding someone “Iwb 
well groomed ana spoken wWi 
acrurare so worn typing and 
naty shorthand. Age 19+. 
Caroline Kins Apoto. 01 .99 


from £99.50 inclusive 

Same-Day Company Services Ltd 
Bridge Si. 181 Queen Victoria St, Loodo 

London. EC4 


W.Sa»rt) « tea. 4B*Rra. 2 to 
haftTStJ^ faft ly woa.<*fm 
seas 12. Lomfy M fon, AH imA. 
BL jjdn. tO tires aba. 20 mm 

toML £375 

HUUM. tm devriot) eta Wrgl 
M. tart bon art dec 2 tatans. 
non U. an roach, baa WC. gm 
Mighttrt pnswty. E 2 R 
CLAPBML BW ter 2 beftro ant. 
rttntM toesDon. im ro> & m- 
sBWtory. good hCtaiBWC n» 
OUKJfifW QMS. MflvataE Vtafl 
Now dtt red bn 2 bedim let Itg 

mtogiUflrrnl new omen Style 
Mote with 2 large rrcev*. 4 
beds. 5 bam*. lacuEzL nnoa. 
dbie garage. £600 pw. 

Lovely fflHTM studio (W 
anting et i reccg^med k and 
D. galieried bedroom wan 
bath na cn UR £176 pw. 

. flt St) 92ZS 


bouse. 5 be®. 2 recess, newly 
R wM M add to mN ned. Oar- 
den. garage. -Fto«y tfoubla 
glazed. £113 pw AM 7363. 

HR amifal I ON. Pum tow. 3 beta, 
fltnxreotp. ML bath, gdn Street 
pkng. S retoa to BR sto. Sufl 
nrof sbaren. £130 pw. Td 3Bi 
4366 <T>. 

PUTNEY .^ov a - na n of ihe centu- 
iy me. WOB torn. 3 beds. 2 rocs. 
tKNK Stlwr IM. Ut. Cdh. Sun ' 
feu. sareal pfcag. £280 pw. m 
Long let Tel 381 4266 <TL «■ 
KMDUf CT R14. Sonny 3 
bed maMomoe la ims popular 
iMBOan. Lge lounge. 2 bath*, 
lolly eoufp kfl. potto. Oo M. 

£200 gw. 244 7363 ITL 
AMERICAN On* urgentty Tw 
o uirrs lumv Oaf. and bavne* 
from £200 - £1.000 pw. Rtpg 
Buagns Estate AgaUB 581 6136 
2.REBRM6 Wll brfgtu rut tux 
block. Mtoata idews. Mod com. 

Video /Entry phone. OR snags. 
Numognai Tube. 749 1783 
■ERR » RUTtaMOFF fbr hnrory 
prooeracaln Si Johns Wood. Be 
eats Jtortc. MMda Vale. Swire 
Coat & Hflnwaaoad 01-686 7661 

ttn MR B MM WRflrt 
vttage. 4 bods. 2 baths, cooo 
pern. 0734 461838. 

TEL: 01-248 5616 

Also Company Searches 


A wonderful selection 
q f studio t and 2 
bedrooxned flats avail- 
able for: long and short 
lets In (Ms well known 
prestige Mode from 
£150 p-w. . 

01-724 3106 - - 

fanny born*. -newly dec. ■ 

- bed*. 2 mesa, rear *own ML 
CH. Gdn. £140 pw. 244 7363. 

. DCUanvOL well larMsbed son- 
ny fiat' ewtooKtag Mo n togd 
toimwi. iaM.i m.ttM 
- known £200 pw. OL.906 3093 

tnrottoMul toe aoddands area 

to let- Docklands Property Can- 

U*; 01-488 4882. 

kmnoi 4/&-bedna hem* wtth fg 
... r»i w w ur ml knot* to 

F 0 LK£S 



tM tOP E Bnr corny ANY Director 
reouir-c part-lime 

PA w-Tetary. H"kn and sato- I 
ry by negotiation Phone 
Tuesday Ol 725 9833 

Nairobi, Jo’ Bui*. Cairo. Du- 
bai. (suabtiL Sriuopoie. K_L 
Ddhu BaiwVoiL How Kong. 
Sydney. Europe, i TTie 
Americas. Fbmiiwp Travel. 
3 New Quebec Sl Marble 
Arch London W1H 7DD. 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saturday 1 0.00- U. 00 

yUSCt AAortmens to rent m 
centra] Venice lor a or 4 yngte 
Price* Irom £173 per to nr 
week. Chapter Travel Ol 586 
TUSCANY - Studio nar *iu* 2 nr 
Voneera Fr C75 p w TH Ol. 
249 0806 eve* 

TV ctfl.OOO. TM* Is an rcreOem 
oppommlty for a ooHege leaver 
oc second labbec with b moo ins 
experience to become revolted 
in the TV world. The company 
arrange* finances tor ram*. TV 
propamine* and adverts. As 
the secretary to two busy exec- 
utive* you’ll tackle everything 
front their shorthand 'audio 
typing to verting vtsunn and 
answering telephone Queries 
from TV /nun people. Age 19*. 
skin* 80.48. Caroline King 
AppttL Ol 499 80701 




ROTO. SECRETARY lo £6.500 \ 
Jain Up* smart Wl hotel as lee- 
retary to the house manager. 
An ideal Ural lob with exreHenl I 
tralntngreven Own office and a 
free lunch. BO 50 -Quits needed. 
Please telephone 01 2-tO 3651 
tCItyi or Ot 240 3651 3611 
rwtsi EndL Eltzabrth Hum Re 
enr/oneaf Ososulianta. I 




SWlfl p ium s toual parson. M-F 
own room In shared lire. Avail- 
able now. £ao per week exet 
References required. TH:Oi- 
874 2456 after 6 pm 

EALMU RMTAY. Ctoaa lube, share 
Irnt OaL £40J30ex.T*i. Ot 769 


El MOO. 

TEL 0274 564930 

SW 11 Rat for sharers. 2 
Bod. Recap. K & B. PMng. 
£ 125 . . 

SWS Rat with patio. Bed, 
Rscep. K LB. £ 140 . 

SWT Untttn. Hse, 3 Beds. 
Becfp, K & 2 B. Carpoit 
£ 275 . 

W 11 Hse w«! Roof Gdn. 3 
Bed. 2 Recep. K ft 2 6 + 
Oita. £ 350 . 

SWS Stipe* 1 st fir flat 2 
Ba 0 . 2 ReceiLKS 2 B.E 50 O 
000 . 


LaodJorta a, Tenants 
come to u* for 


h renesioe ctwadtr and tovrty 
. win. £260 pwr 240 7988. 
-wuh tedi xtsto Bftbsrt » 
bcdrm flat with views. £125 
pw. 240- 7989 <0. ' 
MMINNIHto W» TWIT lint tlifl 
to outrt tree lined SL LM recep. 
K retd Long Oo iaL £200 

trio 244.7365. - 


■ 01-734 7432 

FULHAM prof F tor 0<R >n lux 
houaetor 5 m«m- £66 0“ 365 
4071 681 3077 itokj. 

01-589 5481 


12 30 lo 7 om daily. Good typ- 
ing essential c £7.000 Ring 
Nicola Cowley ai me Agency 
Adventure 01-629 5747. 

COSTCVTTEKS ON flighls hols 
to Europe. USA A moot dtofin*- 
tton*. Dialomal Travel- 01-730 

clotn peaceful vuu Terrace 
overfooking sea. Sips 4,6. 
From £66 pw. Available moot 
dales- Tet 021 364 3744 

CALL nmr fliam for a tore 
deal worfdwtde. Ol 631 0167. 
Agu AIol 1893. 

WANTED for advertising agen- 
cy. Are you a presaw and 
accurate lyiitit hat out of col 
Jege «vlw can also be a 
recebttofilM. tefrohoiusL Hung 
clerk, lu ereenger. waoher up - 
and sun. laughing? Many a suc- 
cessful advertising person have 
started flila way. Telephone 
01406 8993. 

Unnsnaneo house with gar- 

M 9 3 nm 

1 5 TBREY HE Ove rtO Otdng Re- 
gents Cam for up to ohe yaar. 
2lrged/be64 trga tog. 2 b»*h- 
. ctkrm. kU/dta rm.^/2 teeam. 
Uge sonny- rerrata. OCH. 
Wash/dryor. . .MmmIl 
£ 376 p-w. oo UL rtf. 01-486- 
1460 . 

expert* ovrt- 1700 r entals auatL 
! HomAKiMi Rental Acorn 

MHthifs 627 2610. 7 days. 
'flfW Lux tontwiad 1 fled Oae 
- Easy koh to town. Sun non- 

aiiin f dn g prof couple or 3 

' «MrSro£ll8pw. 01-676 4773 
3 bed.2 oath town haa. Nr Holf- 

. daw Inn. Co lei only- Othw* 
^vreubto. AX-FtE. 686 8811. 

.Wl4 3brd hwfurn Oat wflhoor- 

ter. parking, gdn. 2 reo. 

ktt/dnter. an main, nr nd>e- 

, £200 pw Avail OOW.992 6643. 

.»!« W '» 
nkf-l- .-r-n-r.-i 

«c ei-.. * 
Kk..-.* ' 

: > * 


LADY WANTS (ravelling cam 
pansen. m/f. to vnai India c«a 
1987 Seme of adventure a 
cheerful nature cwMlal. 01 
623 9000 oxt 77040 
We gttarenlee io im 5 lop once* 
for c*nue and nt> i court seed*, 
phone Mr Richardson on Ol- 
Bin 6571 

Deuvv Bouec.tweK £ Pr» 19*0 
furnilure Trt 9. 506 01*0 or 
01-228 2710 d u or nwnL 
RELIABLE NANNY 120 30) lo 
can" lor an-Hneea i i"4 (*i 
Some r-.eniiw work Ule i 
Call. no kLinfl Ol Sl 5 Wo 
BOX WANTEO lor Bnval Au-gi 
June 17 l« a and SOin 
Pfrase T-teohon.- Ol 


senurt graduate BSc Mecharu 
cat Engineering .Horn) al 
prownt emptoyed a* a ffskp 
engineer Is looking for a snmu 
laimg and Interesting 
occupation Enloy* hard work 

Genuine and honest offers only. 
Reply to BOX A66 

RANGE ROVED Jan 64. Green. 2 
door manual. Ian s pe w* turbo, 
rlec sunroof, windows 

UfaupunkT stereo 23.00C miles. 
jlIO.oCO Tel. Ot 731 -6574 

311 sc TARGA SPORTS, three 
lor* e-ar* Choice of 2 Aug 'a? 
and Dec 81. £18500 flnd 
£16.950 Both fine example*. 
FSH Tel Ol 509 2149 

BOUDOfR GRAND Pvnw w-oi 
PRAM evcelwnl cnnrtuu>n 
» £1.400 00 Tel 01 S2d M2* 1 


London 5 trading -pecuiii*: in 

new and rertofM nunc*. Iw :nc 

Lkrawl genuine vlnrxcn aioil 

able ioa Heihgaie Rd *vu-5 

01-267 7671 Free caulcgue 


and reconditioned Quality at 
reasonable srtce* 5» Brighton 
Rd . S Croydon. 01 088 lil 3 

RLtmtMEB 193a Concert Grand 
Plano no 123318 lowner HI 
0e used £5500 0963 850765 

SALE, puna World vronillvind. 
new. mondlliop'O linbeaunle 
prices 01-485 1555 

380 SO. 1982 Dark Mue 
25 000 mil"* only, evtra* ui- 
riude air rofutilnnlng. oruse 
control, electric seals, goad ra 
d»o. ABS. sunroof deluxe 
uuhotvlry L'noer warrenty Lx 
ecuitve car immaculale 
£15 450 Telephone OT42 
366669 moN rveninm 


loro LIU Meecegtw Bene mam 
deaie'v £ irlci writers lor late 
and i.iw mn~age neKrtfi 
Coniaei Malcolm McGowan on 
or cm 2351! 

1 94. S. America. Mid and Fur 
Last S Afnci Tray-vale. 48 
Mar gar el StrreL Wl 01 580 
29Z8 r\ Iva Accepted' 
PLANNING A TRIP to warmer 
c limed? Alrey & kV W i 
wrtuMw In llnfitwnghl suit* A 
rtolMng ReadV-to-wear and be 
spoke 4 a PtccaalUv. U3MDON 
law etna flight exprrtr Europe 
6 worldwide Freedom 
Holiday Ol 7«| 4686 ATOL 
*32 I4T4 ALTO 
ROUND WORLD E795 econ Clu* 
Ir E1599 nrsl fr £2036 Svd 
ne» fr £659 rrn Columbus. 
Culler* Garden*. IO Devonshire 
Sc lure. EC2 Ol 929 4JSt. 
Hobdays ol dnunclion lor ih» 
very lew Tel 01491 CHOI 73 
SI James 1 * street. SW I 
DISCOUNTS IN Economy nefc 

r» Try u* 

lasl.FLIGHTBOOhCRS Ot-387 


NR. PENZANCE. Large bungalow 
overlooking Peace! ul farming 
village Mlh xar f m a beach. %*. 
pets Tel 02-56 SJA? 

IWARNAMCMURCM 1 <*< collage 
Sips c A-.aS June 5P5i »':om 
£80 pw Tel Ot 660 J294 

TUNISIA For lhai perfert holiday 
with sunny daks & carefree net. 
ideal sonng Summer Tunisian 
Travel Ol 371 4dti 



900 TURBO. 3 door June 84 
R>g Silver h>w ipile immac 
r *1 cass -3 root. £BA95 ono. 
O'JJ 418479 


FRENCH, CERBJAN. 9pantsh. 
Iialun Rorrugueve The Beet 
pure lo learn a language t* m 

ine rounlrv where II Is spolrcn 

Course* recall nendr- Srudma. 
Business Men. TourMs. For de- 
Luh contact. Language Sliidws 
Lid IO 12 Jamr* 5t- London 
W IM 5HN Tet 01 408 0481 

USA. N York £159 Miami £19R 
LA £294 rln 4lso Cheapest 
schedule m on major Lb cam- 
-rv Ol 594 7371 AST 4 
Oub and IB Bettfare 01-394 
1642 AlOl 1400 
AIR 8ARBARO Fit tM. Spam. 
Italy. Greece Port. Cananes 
$uib Germany 01-434 4326 
AUCAN7E. Faro. Malawi eft 

Dunorid Travel ATOL 1783 
01 581 4641. Honham 68541 
AUSSIE. NX. SUi Africa. tSA. 
Hong Kong. 8w Fare*. Ol 493 
7775 ABTA. 

STD /met C619 Perm £6*5 ap 
nidior earners to AW NL 01 - 
584 7371. ABTA 
01 584 7371 ABTA 

apuri Col TV i. tucorr Uo. 15 
uvb trees w«: o: 72? i>sa 2 


OXFORD Oh 2 If cofi AC 
amen Fr £50 Coro Snape 
Alaeourgh 079&.73430 



prrnemive unto dale ining e* 

LK I'aiKhonv Tcfephone C494 

77ii4j or w n te io Frabenrui 

ObPortur.UHw 26A High Street. 

□mlum Suck HP 1 3 1£P 

room in house o« Ken HWi Sl 
CH. £63 pw tori. Tet 603 1640 
UTTLE YDOCE. Prof to Rare «• 
♦pant flat 9dns. O.-TJ. £86 
tbcL482 1070 rot: 289 0216 (ia 
NW2 3rd Peraom rftshr nw O.R. 
£150 pem including CH * Hot 
Wat er TeL 462 0608 

PERSON u share tux fret Id 
S outh Ken £65 per week txclu- 
M\e Id Ol 689 2662. 
PUTNEY pmf M mtd 20*. O-R. 
Large flat boar river. £180 
Dcm. Tel: 788 6882 (rt-esi 
SUM prof M/F to share ftoL O/R. 
N/S. £40 PW. TM 622 0661 af- 
ter Snot. 

SW8 prof M/f room in C.'M gar- 
den flat. £160 pem end. Tel: 
01-736 0842 irvmmgu 
SBT17- Prof M. 25 *. O/R. dose 
tp tube. £4(0 Pern tael. Tel: 
416-1284 after 6 50 pm. 

SW6. Prof M 22* snare Me. 3 
nttna Tube. O R. £36 pw excL 
386 8030 all 6.18 pm. 

SWT. Surrey -tingle rm & ensune 
Hanert no In luxury flat £88 
BW UCL Td: 01504 1699 

snared fit. 10 mins City. £180 
bCTB. Td 6S3 3470 an 7 pen. 


Over 1-4 nnHian of the } 
most affinal people in the 
country read the classified 
columns of The Times. The 

following categories appear 
regularly ctcty week, and 
me generally accompanied 
by rdevaid editorial articles. 

Use the coopon (right), 
and find out how easy, fast 
and economical it is to adver^ 
rise fa The^ Times Classified. 

MONDAY EdaoilnBT Univer- 
sity Appointments. Prep ft Public 
School Appointments. Educational 
Couftes.5cftajai$tiip5& fellowships, 
i La Crene de b Crene: 
TUESDAY Cocoptrtn' Hotlias: 
a comprehensive guide to the 
computer marict 
Legal Appointments: Solicitors. 
Commercial Lawyers. Legal 
Officers. Private ft Public practice. 
Legal Li Cresw: 3 new ckssrf/a- 
tionfortop legal secretaries. 

WEDNESDAY La Crtnefteb 

Create: Seoctaria 1 /PA appointments 
over £ 7 . 500 . General secretarial. 
Prapa tl T Residential. Commercial. 
Town ft Cournty. Overseas, Rentals. 

THURSDAY Gcpenl Appoi «- 

■tests: Cfue/Executives.Managkig 
Dnecton. Directors. Sales and 
Marketing £*eculivesand Overseas 
Appointments. Including a new 
cLjssificabon cn tided Fjnartdal bK> 
' AnotaaBcy Appoint Kds 

FRIDAY Matas: A complete car 
buyers' guide reaturii^ established 
dealers and pi vale sales. 

Berness (bBrsucsk 

Selling property, franchises, 
equipment eic. to small and large 
companies or businesses. 

m in the coupon and attach ittoyouradvertisemem.Priortoiia 
we win contact you with a quotation and confirm the date of insertion 
Rates are Lineage £4 per line (min. 3 lines). Boxed Display £23 p 
column centimetre, Court and Social £6 per line. All rates + .15% VAT. 


SATURDAY Ormte Itavd: 

Holidays abroad Low cost {lights. 
Cruises. Car hire. UJCURvel: 
Hotels. Cottages. Holiday kb. 

PenFrieBdsa ncwdassificalian lor 
young readere locomaa people pridi 
similar tnteresssathomeand overseas. 

Sm£ E '. ^ T "* *' SW** Mwsofo. Gn»* 


ADDRESS “ T . . • . 






L' - '** *... - * i.V 

t ;-7 

i f - 


J linen offers 
no excuse as 
Tate Gallery 
Shirks issue 

From Our Irish Correspondent, Dublin 



J? * *C=,;to •-.> 

*•« _ . j 

r - 

. .. -4 : 

... ’i 

, —*■»*. ; 
- w s*st 


Displaying an on wiH ingness 

: to exert himself to the fttiLthe 
2,000 Guineas favourite; Tate 
Gallery, was surprisingly beat- 
. en_ into third place in the 

■ Michael Smurnt Gladness 
. States at The Curragh on 
Saturday. . 

VictO!y, anda boostforthe. 

■ older horses, came from 
Ham dam A1 Maktoum's 
Lidhame, making his first 
.appearance in Ireland since 
joining Kevin Prendergast 
from John Dunlop. . 

Although the defeat of Tate 
Gallery came as a shock to the 
'vast majority of racegoers, . 
Prendergast belonged to a 
minority who gave Lidhame a 
sporting chance of upsetting 

- Apparently, be had been 
working wefl in recent weeks, 
and lad been showing no 
signs of the temperament that 
had seen him give trouble at 
the start ra. ms final two 
appearances last season. 

Tate Gallery was tucked in 
behind the leaders, and looked 
to be raring well wi thin him- 
self but his rider, Pat Eddery, 
reported afterwards that 
“when I pulled him out to 
make a challenge, he did not 
want to go past the other 
horses, being intimidated by 
the flailing whips.** 

He certainty hong badly, 
and in so doing, interfered 
with Air Display, who finished 
best of all to be beaten 
threequarters of a length. The 
stewards inquired into the 
race and Eddery got a severe 
caution for interfering with 
Air Display. 

Vincent O’Brien had no 
excuse to offer on, behalf of 
Tate Gallery, but told me that 
he was sure that one day he 
would reproduce the brilliance 

be had been showing him on 
the home gallops. 

Bookmakers’ representa- 
tives on the spot deleted Tate 
Gallery from the Guineas 
market, and promoted the 
Guy Harwood-trained Danc- 
ing Brave to top spot at 4-1. 

There is still a chance that 
Vincent O’Brien will have a 
2,000 Guineas runner, but he 
vifl not make a final decision 
until after the Gallaghers New 
York 2,000 Guineas Trial at 
the Phoenix Park this coming 
Saturday when he will run 
either Woodman, the highest- 
rated Irish youngster in the 
1985 international two-year- 
old classification, or his recent 
course winner, -Gold Carat 

Mick O’Toole believes that 
Air Display needs a distance 
beyond a mile, and plans to 
send him to Sandown for the 
Guardian 2,000 Guineas Tri- 
al while Lidhame wiD now be 
laid out for the St James's 
Palace Stakes at Royal Ascot 

Rounding off an unhappy 
day for O’Brien and Pat 
Eddery, the heavily-backed 
newcomer Fleet Commander 
was beaten in the Boyne three- 
year-old maiden, a race won 
fay the 25-1 Pacific Drift. 

Jim Bolger Warned the de- 
feat of Weight In Gold in the 
Prix Penelope at Saint Cloud 
on her failure to stay, but back 
to seven furlongs, she held on 
by two lengths against Carhue 
Lady in the Wassl Marbayeh 
Three-Year-Old Fillies* 
Slakes, a listed race. 

With Park Express likely to 
represent Bolger in the 1,000 
Guineas at Newmarket, he is 
contemplating bringing 
Weight In Gold back to 
France for the Poule cfEssai 
des Poulkbes at Longchamp. 

Talented Tussac 
to give Cecil 
a flying start 

By Mandarin 

■ r Vi 

Repingtoa and Odin Hawkins, clear winners of Ascot’s Contiboard Chase 

Scudamore joins Winter 

This season's leading Na- 
tional Hunt jockey Peter 
Scudamore ended days of 
speculation at Ascot on Sat- 
urday when he anaeanced that 
be is to join Fred Winter as 
stable jockey neat season. 

The move to Uplands wfll end 
a seven-year assocation with the 
Condicote trainer David Nichol- 
son bnt Scudamore said, "It was 
too good a job to too down. I 
win still ride for David whenever 
possible. Richard Dunwoody 
will probably take my placeJ 
bad to be realistic, Fred Winter 
is the top trainer in the country. 
He has been very pleasant to 
deal with and I don’t expect 
there to be any problems be- 

wfll sacceed the former cham- 
pion John Francome, whose 
place wasn't filled following his 
retirement last season, although 
Be de Haan and Jimmy Deggan 

are attached to the Winter yard. 

Nicholson said; “I accepted 
Peter's derision with great sad- 
ness. We were a great 
partnership." He added that 
Richard Dnowoody had been 
offered the job at Condicote bat 
would not make a final derision 
until later in the week, once he 
bad spoken to his parents and 
trainers Tim Forster and Mi- 
chael Oliver. 

To celebrate his derision, 
Scudamore, who looks set to 
land the jockeys' championship 
outright this season, landed the 
opener at Ascot, the Lily Tree 
Novices' Hurdle, * on Mrs 
Mnck-The pair looked set for an 
easy victory approaching the 
but, but the mare went right 
through the bardie and had to be 
rallied to hold off the challenge 
of Direct Approach by a bead. 

The Lam bourn trainer Nick 
Henderson, in the lead for the 
trainers' title, believes that his 

former point-to-pointer Whit- 
sunday, winning for the first 
(baa wider Roles in the Royal 
Fern Novices’ Chase, is a star of 
the future. After (he seven-year- 
old had come home six lengths 
dear of Royal Gambit. Hender- 
son said: “This is a lonely bone 
and be has great potential." 

Henderson could clinch the 
title by winning the last big race 
of the season, the Whitbread 
Gold Cup, in which he may be 
represented by his Grand Na- 
tional seventh The Tsarevich at 
Sandown on April 26. 

Desert Orchid and Colin 
Brown looked tbe likely winners 
of the Contiboard Novices* 
Handicap Chase after establish- 
ing a considerable lead, bat an 
appalling blander four fences 
from home brought the free- 
rmming grey almost to a stand- 
still Tearing the northern- 
trained Repington to grab the 

Those who believe that the 
Flat season does not really get 
underway until Henry Cecil has 
his first runner can emerge at 
last from their hibernation as 
the champion trainer has a 
runner at both Folkestone and 
Wolverhampton this afternoon. 

Steve Cauihcn goes to Folke- 
stone to partner the stable's 
Tussac in the Privy Councillor 
Stakes where his opponents wiD 
include. Bolivia. Michael 
Dickinson's first runner on the 

Tussac’s only defeat in three 
starts as a two-year-old came at 
Goodwood in July when be 
started a short -priced favourite 
to win the group three 
Molecomb Stakes and had to be 
comem with a share of second 
place behind the 100-1 winner, 

Prior to that disappointment, 
Tussac had been most impres- 
sive in landing the odds at 
Warwick and Newmarket where 
he beat the subsequent Middle 
Park Stakes winner. Stalker, by 
four lengths. My information 
from Headquarters suggests he 
is very straight in condition and 
ready to get Cecil off to the best 
possible start, 

Bolivia won a listed race at 
Cologne when trained in Ger- 
many last year and was far from 
disgraced subsequently when 
fourth to the promising 
Alsbinfarah in a group two 
event at Baden-Baden. She 
looks sure lo win her share of 
races for the new master of 
Manton but it may be asking too 
much of her to beat Tussac on 
her English debut. 

Alshinfarah's trainer. Tom 
Jones, won the corresponding 
race 12 months ago with Doulab 
and now saddles Tarib, who was 
most consistent last autumn, 
winning three times and run- 
ning well in defeat when second 
to the speedy Cyrano De Ber- 

gerac at Newmarket. He looks 
the danger to Tussac. 

Willie Ryan has his first ride 
as No. 2 at Warren Place when 
he partners the beautifully-bred 
Flying Fairy in the Bluebell 
Fillies’ Stakes at Wolver- 
hampton. By Bustino out of 
Fairy Footsteps, she showed 
promise in good maiden events 
at Newmarket and Sandown last 
season and will be racing for the 
first time over a distance in 
keepi ng with her pedigree today. 

Dick Hern has his first runner 
of the season in this race with 
Secret Wedding but on this 
occasion 1 believe the New- 
market-trained newcomers. 
Straw Boater and Damascus 
Dew. will provide a greater 
threat to Flying Fairy. 

The big southern stables are 
certainly very much in evidence 
at the Midlands course. Guy 
Harwood sends Pkatrix for the 
Crocus EBF Stakes and I expect 
this talented Thatch colt to 
prove too good for the recent 
winners. Fleet Form and Cresta 
Auction, despite the lack of an 
outing this season. 

For the day's best bet. how- 
ever, I take that versatile nine- 
year-old. Stans Pride, to defy 
top weight in the Hyacinth 
Handicap. Gordon Price's 
marvellous mare did not record 
her first success on the Flat until 
12 months ago at Haydock but 
quickly followed up in handicap 
company when winning over 
today's course and distance. 

Her best nut, though, was a 
second to the top-class Valuable 
Witness in a conditions race at 
Haydock where she had those 
good stayers, Harly and 
centreline, behind. A reproduc- 
tion of that effort should be 
good enough here and it is worth 
noting that Philip Robinson, 
who rode her in both her 
victories last season, was 
booked by Price before the 

Leaders on the Flat 



M Brittain 
P Cote 

H M M nan «■ 

9 4 It 0 -25.21 Pat Eddery 

6 2 3 1 +15.00 PCook 

MHEastBffcy 6 3 2 13 +1.83 K Dwwy 

T Faatunst 
C Morgan 
N Vigors 


245 SALTWOOD HANDICAP (£1,248: 1m 4f) (9) 

l A Cote (T) 

M EBsnstMrd 4-9-6 POook 

5 3 2 1 + 525 R Cochrane 

5 2 1 3 +9.75 W Carson 

5 0 1 1 +3SL50 J Lowe 

172230- BALMACAJtA 


U m M on ma 

12 8 9 5 +1087 

9 1 4 0 +3525 

9 3 9 0 -11.57 

6 10 4 0 -13.18 

7 2 7 4 -847 

6 3 1 19 +1256 






Athford ends Tawny Myth’s reign 

( 7 - 2 * i Oyster Gray 

Tawny Myth was beaten in a 
point-to-point oh Saturday for 
the first time in three seasons. 
The open at the Postman was a 
most unusual race in that all 
eight runners were within four 
lengths of each other with less 
than a mile to go. 

Athford and Tawny Myth 
then went on with Foot Stick in 
dose attendance. When the 
latter hit the third fence from 
home be put paid to his winning 
chance but ran on again in the 
dosing stages after Philip Scho- 
field and Athford had got the 
upper hand 

Athford was Oliver Carter's 
third runner of the afternoon in 
which he had mixed fortune. 
RoodJe Doodle was looking aO 
over tbe winner when he fell in 
the restricted leaving Lothian 
General to give Mike Felton his 
only winner. 

In the ladies, race, Ottery 
News was wailed' with in a 
slowly run race and was unable 
to matd) the finishing speed of 
parston Trusty, who gave 
Maryiou Ashton her first win- 
n ing ride. 

Hello Ernani 
just fails 

Hello Ernani (Walter 
Swinbura) foiled by a head to 
can* tbe locally trained Sven m 
the £41 .000 Premio F&rioli (Ital- 
ian 2,000 Guineas) at the 
CapanneUe Rome on Saturday. 
It was a desperate finish' with 
two lengths covering the first 
seven home, but Svdt (Jacques 

By Brian Bed 

At the Hampshire. Amanda 
Harwood had another double 
on Lawn Meet and Red Shah 

David Naylor-Leyland had an 
eventful afternoon which 
started with him riding 
Aniartico to victory in the 
restricted race here to be fol- 
lowed by a quick dash down the 
M3 to partner Beam warn to 
success in the Mahonia hunter’s 
chase at Ascot 

Alan Hill followed a similar 
path, winning on Just Once at 
tbe Whaddon Chase but sub- 
sequently having a disappoint- 
ing ride on All Right Jack after 
dashing to Ascot by helicopter. 

With Whjggie Geo electing to 
run in, and win, the adjacent 
hunts at the Middl eto n, the 4m 
If open for the Grimthoxpe 
Gold Cup lost some of its 
interest. It was soon evident that 
the early leader. Salkeld, would 
not repeat his success in the race 
last year and on this occasion it 
was Freddie Teal who stayed on 
best for Peter Strawson. 

It was a triumphant day for 
the Sheppards at the Pscfceridge 
and ThurJow. Her win on 

Swarm in the ladies race gave 
Josie her 172nd success to lake 
the all-lime record for lady- 
riders. Her husband, Guerney, 
just missed a treble at odds of 
over 1,000-1 when Tennfores 
fell in tbe lead at the last, after he 
had won on General W rekin 
and followed up on Rubies 
Choice in the second division of 
the maiden. 

Aftera worrying week, news is 
more encouraging over the 
progress of Peter St John Beilis 
who fractured his skull when be 
fell at West Shropshire last 
week. Over the last two or three 
days be has gradually regained 
consciousness at tbe Stafford 
District Hospital where his con- 
ditions is described as stable. 

Alistair Crow, who received a 
five-inch hairline fracture of the 
skull and a nose broken in two 
places at the same meeting, is 
now out of hospital. His sister, 
Lucy, who has been having a 
disappointing season to date, 
rode Smite Hill when he won on 
Saturday at the Meynell and 


-' v iV 




Marsh is 
lined up 
for world 

By Srikomar Sen 

Boxing Correspondent 

Terry Marsh moved closer to 
a world title bout when he 
comprehensively outpointed 
Francesco Prezioso. the chal- 
lenger from Italy at Douglas. Isle 
of Man, on Saturday. As this 
was Marsh's second defence this 
year and so complete was his 
domination (the referee and one 
judge did not give Prezioso even 
one round) that it looks as if 
there is no one in Europe apart 
from the World Boxing Associ- 
ation champion. Pairizio Oliva, 
also of Italy, to provide a 
meaningful contest for tbe fire- 
man from Basildon. 

Marsh could be challenging 
for the world title in July in 
Monte Carlo. Frank Warren, his 
manager, who promoted the 
Douglas show together with Isle 
of Man Tourist Board, said 
yesterday; “Oliva’s manager, 
Rocco Agostino, was there at the 
fight and he said afterwards that 
he would give Marsh his chance. 
We are talking terms. 1 have also 
had an offer from Lonnie Smith, 
the WBC champion, but Terry 
would like to fight Oliva." 

Bleating Oliva would give 
Marsh double pressure. For 
apart from winning the world 
title, which Marsh believes he is 
capable of doing, it would show, 
even if belatedly, that had he. as 
a double ABA champion, and 
not Joey Frost been chosen 2 S 
the welterweight for the Moscow 
Olympics he might have won a 
medal Oliva was the best boxer 
of those Olympics. 

"I have seen Oliva." Marsh 
said. "He is a very good boxer. 
But I am his equal. 1 think 1 can 
beat him because I have the 
stamina to outlast him and 
finish strongly over 15 rounds". 

There is little doubt about 
Marsh's stamina but his shots 
lack weight. He was unable to 
jab effectively and was more 
successful with the hook and the 
right counter though it must be 
said that tbe Italian, was a 
skillful boxer and was difficult 
to hit and had a good defensive 
system. So many of Marsh's 
blows were stopped by his 
elbows but it was not surprising 
to hear that Marsh had hurt his 
already damaged left hand in the 
third round. 

"1 hurt my hand in the third 
when 1 hit him on the forehead 
and also in the seventh, when 
hooking to the body, I hit his 

If Oliva should resort to 
Prezioso's defensive tricks 
Marsh could find himself felling 
behind on points against a 
complete boxer like the cham- 
pion. Marsh's inability to seri- 
ously hurt the Italian and deter 
him and his trouble with his left 
hand could well encourage 
Agostino to accept the chal- 
lenge. But Marsh takes a 
pholosphical view of his injury 
and makes light of it "It does 
not worry me too much. I am 
beginning to think of it as an 
occupational hazard. I will just 
have to live with it" Marsh said. 

Horace Notice, of Bir- 
mingham. Frank Bruno’s stable 
mate, became the British and 
Commonwealth champion 
when on the same bill he beat 
Hughroy Currie, of CatforxL in 
the sixth round. There was more 
action in this contest than in 
most of Currie's other bouts. 
Currie hit the floor twice. Notice 
went down once in the sixth but 
got up and laid into the 
incomining Currie, ft was not 
too edifying a contest and 
Notice, even when he has more 
than his present nine contests 
behind him will still look too 
small to make a genuine con- 
tender for a world heavyweight 


Results from 15 meetings 

seven home, mn 
Hefoury) repelled aU cha ll en gers 
5 main the narrow advantage 
which he had taken entering the 

final furlong. 

Luqman (Paul Eddery), the 
only one of the 14 runners not to 

have had a rat* tins year, 

finished axth, but hewreteaien 

tittle more than one length and 
should be winning sqoa.The 
'olher British catty' Br# 11 ASj 
Ni ght (Grevilfe Starkey), was j 

pirtuh. •- 

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H wln byort h . Lite Smm Diana. 
PPOfeBatlto Bay. Root Two Dowry. Hdo 



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D&y awx Open & PW Gray. Mfcmsn 
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Spoken. Mdn R: Hectn PagbL 




A second 
for Kelly 

From John Wflcockson 

Sean Kelly made no mistakes 
in winning the Paris-Roubaix 
Classic yesierday for the second 
time in three years. A week ago 
he was out-smarted by Adri Van 
der Pod, of the Netherlands, at 
the finish of the Tour of 
Flanders, but yesterday, on a 
wide, slightly uphill finishing 
5traigfau he completely domi- 
nated the three men — including 
Van der Poel - who were still 
left in his company after 167 
miles of rigorous racing. 

Deservedly, second place 
went to Rudy Dhaenens. of 
Belgium, who instigated the 
final break. His surprise 
atiacktook him 30 seconds clear 
of a 10-sirong chasing group, in 
which Steve Bauer of Canada 
unluckily punctured and Van 
der Pod almost came to grief 
when he collided with another 
rider, derailed his chain and 
almost got bogged down in the 
grass verge before regaining his 
balance. He chased back, with 
the help of two team colleagues, 
to rejoin the Kelly group, just 
before the Irishman broke clear. 

At the second crucial section 
of cobblestones, through the 
medieval forest at Wallers, 
where more than 10,000 people 
had gathered to watch the 
action. Kelly was in a small 
group who look a 20-second 
lead. With him was Dhaenens. 
Bauer and ten other riders. 

Bui for his ill-limed puncture. 
Bauer would surely have figured 
in the final selection, but it was 
Kelly. Van der Poel and die 
brave Van den Haute who 
caught Dhaenens ten miles from 
the finish. 

At the end. Van den Haute 
twice tried to surprise the others 
with surreptitious sprints, but 
once Kelly unleashed his own 
ferocious bum. 1 50 metres from 
the line, there was no doubt 
about who was going to win. 

RESULT: 1. S Kaft flrafc 2, FI Bumans 
(Baft 3, A Van der Pool (Natrft 4, F Van 
dan Hama (Baft 5. J Van dar VeMe (Natty. 




Football: United lose their grip as Liverpool, Everton and West Ham strengthen their challenge for the championship 

No sympathy 
this time as 
United fall at 
home again 

By Peter Ball 

Manchester United... — 0 
Sheffield Wednesday ... 2 

Manchester United's cham- 
pionship challenge is surely at 
an end. Two goals in six 
minutes just after the interval 
yesterday brought their sec- 
ond consecutive home defeat 
in five days to leave them 
trailing five points behind the 
leading pair, who both have 
games in hand. 

On Wednesday there was 
some sympathy as they went 
down bravely and unluckily to 
Chelsea. Yesterday they de- 
served none, for after a prom- 
ising opening they finished in 
total disarray, all the cracks in 
their talented but fragile unit 
exposed by Sheffield 
Wednesday's greater organiza- 
tion and dogged teamwork. 

Once again the sum of 
United's expensively assem- 
bled parts amounted to far 
more than the whole, a point 
confirmed as one £500.000 
forward. Gibson, replaced an- 
other. Davenport, to, if any- 
thing. make matters worse. 
The contrast with 
Wednesday's young forward, 
Shutt, who came to the club 
from non-League football 16 
months ago and emerged yes- 
terday as the most effective 
forward on view, was telling. 

During bis spell as manager 
of United, Dave Sexton took 
encouragement as they em- 
barked on another unavailing 
pursuit of Liverpool by re- 
marking: “The race isn't al- 
ways to the swift or the battle 
to the strong." 

Generally, however, they 
are. and the sight of Everton 
and Liverpool lengthening 
their stride at the front sug- 
gests that the usual rule of 
thumb applies: that the best 
equipped and prepared team 
will win the race while United 
are betrayed by their own 

Their appalling series of 
injuries has been an important 
contributory factor, however, 
and yesterday they were with- 
out Strachan as well as 
Whiteside. The Danish inter- 
national Sivebaek. came in 
for his first game since his 
painful debut against Liver- 
pool two months ago. 

This lime the pace did not 
overwhelm him and he played 
a useful part as United pressed 
forward in pursuit of their 
desperately-needed victory. 
Whatever their problems in 

mid-season, no one could 
fault their determination 
against Chelsea in midweek 
and they began against 
Wednesday's equally 
opposition with a similar 

Hodge's uncharacteristic 
fallibility against crosses gave 
United more encouragement 
but the goalkeeper was spared 
the consequences when 
Hughes headed Duxbury’s 
cross out of his hands, the 
referee. Vic Callow disallow- 
ing the strike because of a foul 
by the forward. Hodge was 
soon in more typical mood, 
leaping to dutch headers from 
Robson and Hughes before 
the interval Wednesday began 
to break threateningly as 
United's new tactic, the dis- 
tressingly frequent use of the 
offside trap, seemed to puzzle 
them more than their 

As it broke down. Snodin 
and Chapman steamed 
through, only to pull their 
shots wide. On (he third 
occasion. Shun did better, but 
Turner defied him with his 
knees as he rushed out 

Shun was again on target 
nine minutes after the inter- 
val. and this time Turner, 
betrayed by defensive uncer- 
tainty in front of him, was 
unable to intervene. McGrath 
and Higgins were drawn fatal- 
ly to Thompson as he battled 
for Chapman's pass, and the 
ball ran to Shun, who drove it 

Six minutes later. United 
were unhinged again. Shun's 
through ball sent Sterland 
racing in on the sadly-exposed 
goalkeeper and he was sent 
flying as he rounded Turner. 
Sterland got up to take the 
penalty himself for a goal 
which left United's remaining 
championship aspirations is 

The players clearly recog- 
nized it They battled, but 
without much conviction, and 
when they did get through. 
Gibson, who had replaced 
Davenport at the interval, 
rounded Hodge only to pull 
his effort straight across the 


J Gictman, A Atbiston, M Duxbury. P 
McGrath. M Higgins, B Robson. J 
Siveoaefc, U Hughes. P Davenport 
(sub: T Gibson), J Olsen 
Hodge; M Sterland. P Sfwtfiff, L 
Madden. P Hart. G Shelton, C Shutt 
G Megson, G Thompson. L Chap- 
man (sub: M Chamberlain), G 

Referee:V Calow (Sc* huff) 

Mackay and his team have 

resigned look about them 

* : . 

By CKve White 


Coventry City 


Arsenal's Known fails to prevent Everton 's Stevens shooting (Photograph: Chris Harris) 

A blue day for Arsenal on 
the field and on the street 

A week after declaring that be 
had no intention of resigning. 
Don Mackay was forced on 
Saturday evening after the most 
comprehensive of team defeats 
to admit io his own personal one 
as of Coventry City. 

HU resignation was accepted by 
the board and George Oirds. an 
executive director and once 
stalwart Coventry defender, will 
pk charge until the end of the . 
season. John Sillett will handle 

Mackay, who was assistant to 
Bobby Gould before taking over 
16 months ago, lost the services 
of his own assistant. Frank 
Upton,' 10 days ago. Coventry, 
who avoided relegation in their 
final game last season, have 
taken just two points from their 
lost eight games, and slipped to 
nineteenth position in the table. 
This time there may be no 
escape in their nineteenth 
consecutive season in the first 

Their performance on Sat- 
urday was lamentable. Con- 
sequently the game, as an 
indication of Liverpool's 
championship credentials, 
might have been misleading. . 
They looked, or were made to 
look, good enough to win the 
League, the FA Cup. or any 
other competition you c are to 
put their way. 

If Liverpool were motivated 
by the sight of the crown. 
Coventry should have been all 
the more so by that of the 

Mackay: changed his mind 

the crowd harf already chosen to 
Ignore them. 

They had come to worship 
Liverpool Even so. one sensed 

was even smarter Grobbelaar - 
Beglin - Whelan - goaL 
the most serious moment of 
the whole “match" was when 
Rush fidl awkwardly m a painful 
heap and the crowd went more 
subdued than ever. Having 
damaged his instep none too 
seriously, he went on to miss 
three goals in no* many more 
minutes. Such is Ms value to 
Liverpool at the moment that 
any disappointment among the 
crowd at the chances missed 
was more than outwei ghed by 
the relief of seeing him running 
again. Rush did not let them 
down, though, scoring taler 
from an acute aagfe. Molby 
who viably enjoyed fas nudheJd 
tyranny, crowned it with a goal 
deflected by Downs and 
Whelan, in the right , mood to 
punish such opposition, duly' 
completed bis treble. . 

Not alt the saddest figures 
wore Woe. Gillespie, feuftkssly 
keeping Lawrenson's seat warm 
for Wembley, was'a Coventry 

for all LivctpooTs majestic foot- player for five seasons and cofad 
ball there was a lack of conflict not be without sympathy tor 

By Stuart Jones 
Football Correspondent 




Policemen stood like blue 
concrete blocks in a solid wall 
several feet thick. In front of 
them eight of tbeir colleagues sat 
astride their horses. Ahead of 
the double line of protection, the 
garden fences of the houses 
nearby acted as another firm 
barricade. Arsenal's board of 
directors were safe. 

They may not have been in 
imminent danger of physical 
assault but they, and particu- 
larly the chairman, Peter Hill- 
Wood. were the victims of a 
severe verba] banering. For half 
an hour after the defeat by 
Everton the voice of discontent, 
raised by hundreds of the club's 
followers, shook the windows of 

Steve Burtenshaw was trying 
to give his assessment of an- 

blank canvas. Everton made 
some provisional sketches of the 
outline, added a few fine derails, 
put in a splosh or two of co lour 
and then applied the finishing 
touch. As an artistic exercise, it 
was admirably controlled if 
rather too cautious. 

Kendall is hurt chat “people 
keep talking about how enter- 
taining West Ham are and bow 
good it would be for them to win 
the tide". “We've scored 20 
more goals than they have so 
far." he said. But Everton (and 
their Merseyside neighbours) 
crush their opponents like a 
python embracing its prey. The 
cobras of West Ham strike more 
quickly and less predictably. 

Lukic delayed Arsenal's de- 
mise with three thrilling and 
brave saves from Steven. Sharp 
and Richardson. Everton then 
took the extravagant step of 
taking off the League's leading 
marksman. Lineker, in the 80th 
minute. Five minutes later 
Heath, who loathes the sou- 
briquet “super-sub", confirmed 
that he is as valuable a replace- 

guillotine. But then they always 
were in awe of Anfield. Such was 
their timidity that they suc- 

of 42,729 pairs of eyes when 
they apologetically trooped onto 
the field though, m all honesty. 

other lifeless performance ai lie _ ... _ 

time. His words, which syn- men! as Fairrlougb once was for 
chronized with distant calls for Liverpool. 

the resignation of Hill-Wood, 
seemed to be as inaccurate as 
many of his side's passes during 
the' undistinguished afternoon. 
He even went as for as to claim 
that “we matched them". 

Lukic was the more impres- 
sive goalkeeper merely because 
Mimms had virtually nothing to 
do. Robson was as forceful and 
positive as any Evertonian in 

Arsenal. already without the 
injured O'Leary. Williams. 
Woodcock and Rocastle. played 
without any discernible belief as 
welL Not only did their canvas 
remain empty but the easel on 
which it stood appeared to be 
shaky. "They tried.” 
Burtenshaw said, “but you ex- 
pea that from professionals." 
Indeed, but Arsenal's supporters 

midfield but the League cham- expect, and deserve, more than 


Hearts march on 

ng D 

nearest challengers. Heart of 
Midlothian continue to drive 
themselves relentlessly towards 
their first Scottish League 
championship in 26 years. 

Their 3-fl victory over United 
at Tannadice. where the home 
team had been undefeated since 
October 1^84. took them five 
points dear at the top of the 
premier division and they need 
only four points from their last 
three matches to make certain of 
the title. 

This was another unflinching 
performance, marking the 29th 
successive game by Hearts with- 
out defeat and revealing the keys 
to their success: their ability to 
absorb the heaviest of pressure 
and to strike venomously when 
chances amve. 

United fought fiercely, but 
there was little quality in their 
finishing, even though Smith 
made several fine saves. After 
24 minutes Robertson, the 
young forward who has caught 
the fancy of leading London 
dubs, gave them a lesson in the 
art of scoring with one of the 
most splendidly struck drives of 
the season. The outstanding 
Hearts player, the ever-willing 

Clark, scored the second and 
although United continued to 
attack the result was put beyond 
doubt when the alert Robertson 
notched a third goal. 

Although Hearts appear 
untouchable, a fine 1-0 victory 
over Aberdeen at Pittodrie by 
Celtic had their manager, David 
Hay. stubbornly refusing to 
concede that his team were out 
of contention. "It looks like 
Hearn." he said "but you never 
know in football and we win 
battle on to the end" 

The Celtic goal was scored by 
Johnston, who returned to 
consideration for a World Cup 
place by beating two defenders 
and finding the net with an 
accurate shot 

The euphoria which has 
enveloped Ibrox since the 
announcement that Graeme 
Souness was to be the new 
player-manager was dispelled at 
Clydebank, where the home 
team found their old form to 
beat Rangers 2-1. It was a 
deplorable performance by 
Rangers, who were put in the 
shade by a well-organized 
Clydebank team, whose goals 
were scored by Conroy and 

pions were otherwise indisput 
ably the stronger and more 
organized outfit More justifi- 
ably. Howard Kendall felt that 
he would have been “dis- 
appointed with the one point". 

Like a painter approaching a 

Since Don Howe left in such 
shameful circumstances. Arse- 
nal have collected only four 
points out of a possible 18. Had 
he been treated in a more 
honourable manner and had he 

stayed as manager until the end 

ofthe season, they might now be . . 

challenging for high honours if reeded in escaping the attention 
not for the championship itself *■*■*—' ~ r — 1 

The nucleus of a new, young 
side has already emerged. Of 
Saturday’s line-up. only Sansom 
and the ineffective Rix repre- 
sented the old establishment 
Burtenshaw, whose contract 
ends in three weeks, or his 
successor will therefore, be 
spared the need to spend a 
substantial amount of money on 
building a foundation for the 

So would the man who would 
rake over from KendalL He 
preferred not to fen the flames 
of increasing speculation that he 
may soon be leaving Everton 
except to comment that be will 
“in all probability" be there next 
season. His decision and that of 
Evert on's board will be awaited 
with apprehension at the dutx 

Having already proved his 
value at Blackburn Rovers, be 
has at Everton equalled one 
record, that of reaching three 
successive FA Cup finals, and is 
within sight of equalling an- 
other, winning the double. The 
last side to achieve both feats 
was. ironically. Arsenal. Their 
coach? Of all people, Howe. ' 

Ken dalTs dramatic success 
has attracted the attentions of 
the biggest dubs in Europe. He 
could yet be tempted. If 
Everton s chairman and direc- 
tors allow him to go, they may 
find, themselves -at the main 
entrance of Goodison Park seek- 
ing the protection of a solid blue 
wall and mounted policemen. 

ARSENAL: J UJoc; V Andanon. K 
Sansom. R ASnson. A Adam*, M Kaown, 

S Robson, p Davis, C McMta. N Quinn, 

0 Rix. 

EVERTON: R Wnns Q Sevens. P van 
dan Harare. K RatcHfe. D MountMft P 
Riel, T Sttren. Q Lineker fsuto A HaaVi). 

G Sharp, P Bracewsl, K Rt clMTOaon . 

even for the Kop's most devout. 
Never have I heard a foil house 
more quiet. 

For all the sweet one-touch 
and instant control of Liverpool 
the game was a reminder of one 
of their everlasting virtues — 
that of unstinting effort — and 
one at least that should have 
been within the compass of 
lesser mortals like Coventry. 

Whenever a Coventry player 
had the bail, which was not 
often, at least three red shirts 
would immediately encircle 
him. Coventry were suffocated 
long before Liverpool drew the 
first blood. The strike was made 
to look absurdly easy as the ball 
was whisked to unerringly from 
Hansen to Dalglish to Nicol to 
Whelan that it might have been 

their present . predicament. 
While Coventry’s Brazil passed 
anonymously through' the after- 
noon it was sad. too. to see bis 
former Ipswich team colleague. 
Waric. struggling awkwardly 
with his game. So much so that 
when foe substitute was brought 
to foe touchline Waric instinc- 
tively but mistakenly beaded 
oft His mental agony was 
extended for a few more mut- 
ates before a damaged ankle 
completed foe torment, limping 
off almost to the crowd's amuse- 
ment. J never saw a 5-0 winner 
look more dqjected ' 
LIVERPOOL: B GrofaMtav: 6 GKSpta, J 
~ ~ S Med. ft WtMten. A Hanson: K 
C Johnston, I Rush (sufe K 

.J Mato*. J Walt. 

CITY: 5 I 

_ _ Omttorts B Bor- 

rows. G Downs, □ Bowman (sub: M 

, .. . -j- n i mi Tfc* AOamsLB Kjfcfina.TPe*fca. D Banoott. L 

done by remote control. The *fcGram.CB^ABraziLNPictaftng. 
movement for foe second goal . Ratne D Hunmavi (HmogM).- . 

West Ham reveal 
unsuspected flaws 

QPR are safe for Wembley 

Unlike Norwich City and 
Sunderland last year. Queen's 
Park Rangers can enjoy their 
appearance in foe Milk Cup 
final next Sunday with their fim 
division place guaranteed for 
another season. Their 1-0 vic- 
tory at home to West Bromwich 
Albion on Saturday put them 
beyond for reach of Oxford 
U nited, their opponents at 
Wembley and the only club in 
the bottom three with any 
reasonable chance of staying up. 

A goal by Bannister doomed 
West Bromwich to the foie 
which had been expected since 
October when, with 12 games 
played, they had still to register 
a win. They seemed to give up 
hope two-thirds of the way 
through the season when they 
sold Hunt, their best player, to 
Aston Villa, and will be replaced 
in the first division by Norwich 
City, who are winning as consis- 

By David Powell 

tently towards the end of this 
season as they were losing 
towards the end of last. 

Their 2-0 victory at Bradford 
City was tbeir sixth in right 
games and. in a season which 
has been exceptional for in- 
dividual scoring achievements, 
Norwich have thrived on foe 
talents of DrinkeiJ. their signing 
from Grimsby Town. His first- 
minute goal was his 23rd of the 
season and paved the way for 
the three points which Norwich 
needed to ensure promotion. 

Birmingham City, in contrast 
to West Bromwich, won five of 
their opening nine matches, but 
have hardly put a boot right 
since. Their 4-1 defeat at New- 
castle United means they must 
produce an escape act even 
more unlikely than the one 
Coventry City staged last sea- 
son. Coventry won their last 
three matches: Birmingham al- 
most certainly need to win their 

remaining four. The city of 
Birmingham should still have 
one team to follow in the first 
division next season, however, 
after Astoa Villa's 4-1 borne win 
over Watford. 

Even before they were beaten 
4-0 by West Ham and 6-0 by 
Queen's Park Rangers, Chelsea 
never were going to win the 
championship on goal dif- 
ference. So their 0-0 draw at 
Nottingham Forest on Saturday 
lengthens their odds, though it 
must have been reassuring for 
John Hollins, the Chelsea man- 
ager. to see his defence back to 

When Portsmouth finished 
fourth in the second division 
last season their manager. Alan 
Ball said that it was a long way 
to come to get beaten on goal 
difference. He may now fear a 
repetition this season following 
his team's 1-0 defeat at relega- 
tion-threatened NUddleshrongh. 

By Nicholas Hailing 

West Ham United 3 

Oxford United , — 1 

The championship beckons 
and West Ham United, in foe 
lime honoured cliche of their 
manager, John Lyali, win take 
each match as it comes, begin- 
ning with Chelsea's visit to 
Upton Park tomorrow. Lyali 
clearly, though, cannot lake 
every question as it comes, as he 
showed when he rounded an- 
grily on foe man from The 
Guardian who asked him what 
he thought of a particularly 
nasty incident involving 
McAveimie and Hebberd. 

It seemed a relevant question, 
for bad. the referee or finrawnan 
seen McAvennieV retaliation 
-after a fbuL he might have been 
sent off and West Ham reduced 
not only to 10 men but deprived 
of the scorer of the match's 
decisive goaL “Is that all you 
can ask me after a match like 
that?" Lyali asked as be brought 
his _press conference to an 
abrupt conclusion. He reacted 
as touchily as some of his 
players do to being tackled. 

Exhilarating though much of 
their football is and lovely 
ad vertisraent as this match was, 
there is something sanctimo- 
nious about West Ham. 
McAvennie's natural Glaswe- 
gian aggression is usually kept in 
check, but they do have players, 
who can. as the euphemism 
goes, look after themselves, 
ward, who was booked after 
only three minutes for throwing 
foe ball at a linesman is some- 
times one. Pike, who for once 
was preoccupied getting bis 
game together, is another, and 
Stewart has never been loath to 
hold back. 

Ji might sound like sacrilege 
to those with East End origins, 
but if West Ham do win foe 
League, they will merely have 
confirmed their belief in having 
a bit of so-called 'steel’ within 
their ranks to get among foe 

Had the referee not been 
influenced by the crowd. West 

It did not matter then as 
Stewart hoofed that spot-kick 
high and wide. However, given 
a second chance after Perryman 
had illegally brought down 
Dickens, Stewart made. some 
concessions to accuracy, but 
none to velocity as he rammed 
his shot past Judge. 

It was unfortunate that 
Ferryman should ultimately 
sacrifice Oxford’s chance of an 
Unexpected point, for his resil- 
ience as sweeper had much to do 
with Oxford resisting the West 
Ham siege for so long. It began 
from the moment Houghton ran 
on to a loqa ball from Briggs to 
pat Oxford ahead in foe thir- 
teenth minute and was. tem- 
pered neither by McAvetrme'b 
header, which struck the bar, 
nor by Judge's flying save from 
Stewart. • '* 

Oxford's resolution began to 
crumble from the 48th. minute 
when Trewick deflected Cottee’s 
•fierce low. cross past his own 
goalkeeper, hi between 
Stewart’s penalties, McAvennie 

K t West Ham ahead, from 
ce's pass, the goal having 
originated from a botched Ox- 
ford throw-in, which was hardly 
characteristic of their perfor- 
mance. On this form they 
looked more like Milk Cup 
finalists than relegation 

art. G Parris. A Gala. A Martin. A 
Devonshire. M Ward. F McAvanrt*. A 
Dickens. A Coew, G POte. 

Fun is the 

By &nmOlIflgaa . 




It is .hard to decide which idea 
is foe more incongruous — 
Wimbledo n. in foe> first division 
or Sunderland in the third. Yet 
both prospects became increas- 
ingly likely on .Saturday when 
foe once-immbie beat the once- 
. mighty as smoothly , as a cable 
car going op passes one on the 
way down. 

Few stories in football's re- 
cent past -of foe bappferohes, 
anyway - . can .match 
Wimbledon's*- A- -Southern 
League club only nine years ago, 
they ■ have risen through foe 
ranks ofthe Football League to a 
point -where, with their ram- 
shackle stadium, hardly changed 
and average home attendances 
of ; around 4,000, they are 

the likes of Manchester United. 

Wimbledon have had a lot of 
fun on the way. and the wonder- 
ful thing is they are still having 
it- They even sing-in foe bath. 
For other chibs the quest for 
success often seems to be more 
trouble than it is worth, so 
serious has football become: 

“If wecariheqjoy ourselves in 
this situation we might as well 
pack up,” is how Dave Bassett, 
the Wimbledon manager, sees 

S Perryman. 
Rafme: N Butter (East Motesey. Surrey). 

Brentwood win 

OW Brentwood 1 

Old Cholmefeians 0 

A single goal scored midway 
. though the first half on the well- 
worn Dulwich Hamlet pitch 
rave Old Brentwoods the Arthur 
Dunn Cup for the fifth time on 
Saturday (George Chesterton 
writes). Playing against the 

Ham might also bave bCTCfi^j 

from fewer of Noel Butler's 
derisions, one. of which went 
against Perryman when even 
Devonshire, the victim of a 
typically committed tackle, 
sympathized with foe award of a 

years. Brentwood achieved their 
first triumph since 1973 when 
Dixon scored after a cross from 
Fenwick, the Brentwood cap- 
tain, bad only been partially 


First division 

Aston Wta 

Ipswich Town 

I fuoi I nnJ 


Luton Town 
Newcastle Utd 

West Ham UM 



Everton 1 

Watford 1 

Manchester City 0 
Covertly Ctty 0 
• 1 

West Bromwic h 0 
Leicester City 0 
Oxford United 1 

Second division 

1 Bt e cfcbumRwe 
0 Norwich Ctty 

Bradford CKy 



Bfmangbam Ctty 

Qimsby Town 
Leeda United 

Sheffield I 
Stoke City 

0 Shrewsbury Tn 2 
3 Huddersfield To 0 

1 Hi* Cuy 1 

3 Crystal Pal 0 
3 MmI 1 

1 P ort sm o u th 0 

2 OkftamAth 0 
0 CeriWetM 0 

3 S un as rt wid o 

Third dmstcn 

Bolton Wantte 1 Notts County 0 

Bristol Rovers 1 BadUMol 0 

Donca st er Rvis 0 CenXflCtty 2 

Lincoln City 0 Detay County 1 

I County 3 Chesterfield 3 

Ih Aigyte 3 Burn 0 

0 Tore City 0 

i Utd 0 Vfigsn Aril 0 

Swansea City 2 DsrSooton 2 

Watsal 4 CWntfwm 1 

1 Bournemouth 3 

Fourth division 

Bwnley 1 

Chester 2 Exatari 

Ha rtlepool Utd 3 

Hereford UW 3 

2 Aidtrehol 
1 HaftfaxTown 

1 on#ra 

_ 3 Colchester Ufd 

! Town 1 Scunthorpe UW 

Torquay uu 1 ttramereRwe 

10; 0 SHEPFWEO (0 J 2 
Shutt. Sterland 
32.331 tarn) 

Liverpool 3721 10 6 78 36 73 

cvfifton 3522 7 7 7& 38 73 

AfercfiesterUtd 3820 810 Si 33 68 
CIWW0 36 19 10 7 52 43 67 
West Ham Utd 3420 6 B 55 31 66 
Luton Town 3817 71 10 57 39 62 
Arsenal 3778 an 44 40 « 

NonmgnamFor 3817 912 Si 50 60 
Sheffield WW 3717 911 54 51 EC 
Newcastle UM 37161110 60 56 59 
Wan oid 35 IS 812 59 51 53 

Tottermarn 37 15 7 15 58 45 52 

QPR 3914 7 18 46 56 49 

Manchester City 38 11 1116 *0 50 44 
Southampton 3711 917 42 47 42 
Leicester City 38 91217 51 66 39 
Aston Vdla 38 81416 60 38 

Ipswich Town 3710 819 28 48 38 
Coventry Crrjr 39 91020 45 69 37 
Oxford Umted 38 81218 55 75 36 
Bmmncnam City 38 8 5 S 30 B3 23 
West Bromwich 30 41024 29 Si 22 

GOLA LEAGUE; Barnet 0. Stafford 2: 
Barrow 3. Weymouth Bath 0. AH 
mneham 2 Boston 1, Chehuitfiam c 
Dagenham 2. Runcorn 3; Enflaki 3. 
fncWey 1; NortwnCh 2. Danfort ft 
Nuneaton 0. KiddeRMnster 3-. Scar- 
borough Z Ma4s»ne 0; WeaUstone 1. 
Teflord 1. 

MULTB»AHT LEAGUE Burton 1. Marine 
1. Goote 1. Soutft Liverpool 1; Norwich 2. 
Gaiesneao 1: Hyde Z Buxton 1: MaBock 
2 Chortay 2 Moreeampe i. Gans- 
borouOh 1; Oswestry 2. MaeoesfieW 4; 
Rhyf 2. Witton 4; Workington 0. Caemar- 
ypn 0: Wo rksop 2. Southport 0. 
BeOswron ft Grams 1; a B nra wn 7«w» 
1. TowUw O-.&shopAucklandO, FenwwB 
iABranOon 2, PnBriee 1: Consstf X 
WtMPy J : Hy lypo 1 . Cheaer-toSBBBt 2 
Sw® Bat* 0. (Myth ft wtMay Bay 1. 

Norwich CHy 
P o rt sm outh 
Crystal Pat 
Hull City 
Sheffield UW 
Oldham Ath 
Stoke City 
Leeds United 
GnmsPy Town 
Bradford City 

Huddersfield Tn 
Blackburn Rots 
M iddlesbrough 
Sunderl and 
Carlisle Utd 

PW 0 L 
3824 8 6 
3820 612 
36 1610 8 
3518 8 9 
3817 813 
3815 913 
3715 814 
3814 9 15 
371214 11 
3814 816 
3B 13 10 15 
3614 616 
3614 517 
3813 817 
3811 918 
3711 719 
36 a 622 

F A Pts 
79 34 80 
62 3a 66 

51 34 84 
83 39 62 

47 46 59 
60 51 57 
59 50 57 
59 55 53 
41 41 52 
57 57 51 

43 46 50 

52 62 50 
54 54 49 
52 54 48 

44 52 47 

48 57 47 
48 64 48 
44 56 43 

39 48 42 

40 58 41 
40 63 40 

38 57 30 


SOUTHERN LEAGUE; Premier dmeion: 
Bedwonh 2. Gortry Z ChelmStord 1. 
AMOnoth 2. Cnrwiej 3, VMUng $ 
Farenam ft Kina's Lynn ft Fisher 1. 
Worcester ft Poftestm 1. Basingstoke 
0: Shepshed 2. RS SouttBirtpttn 1; 
Wflennat 1. Gravesend 1; WWoy 0. 
Dufiey 3. Wdbnd di«W«E BantWV Utd 

2. Mile Oak Rowers * “ ** ' * — 

a Gloucester 
0. ReddSidi b 
Hedhtekxd Town 1; Lftceaior Utd 0. 
foston Town 1; Merthyr TydH 1. 
Bndflrurth Town ft Ryahden Town 4. 
Sutton Cowfteio To«n \ : Snratmge 0. 

S “! Town 1; VS ftugoy ft 
twere 1. Southern (Melon: 
1 0. Masongs 2: CamerOury 
. . .reConmtBant. AsnfanJ 

ft Dorchester 0. Tontmooe 2: Erith end 
Betverere 2. Andover 1: Porae 1. Wood- 
tofl 3: fitwy sy. 1- Tr pwbrigqa ft Thanet 
2. Burnham 3: w»iTOo*i6e £ cnaflum 0. 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: Rrc tSvfariorr 
Evraton 4. Aston V0a 1; mean ft 
**uncnester Utd 4. 

Mker R4ey. Pritchard 


Reading 4026 8 8 61 46 84 
Plymouth ArMe 4022 810 74 47 74 
Derby County 382012 6 69 33 72 
WnenAih 402011 9 69 41 71 
Gifingnam 42 1913 10 74 51 70 
W3 baS 4J20 814 82 57 se 

Doncaster Rvrs 41161312 41 45 61 

York City 4117 915 64 51 60 

Bristol City 40 1812 12 60 53 SO 

Notts County 40161212 $9 55 60 

Brentford 40161014 49 52 58 
Blackpool 401511 14 60 44 56 
Rotherham Utd 41141116 56 53 53 

Bournemouth 41 15 8 18 62 61 53 

BnswiRcvefs *014 917 47 65 51 

Bolton WamVs 41 14 8 19 51 55 50 

Oathnqtan 36131013 5* 61 «9 

Chesterfield 41 11 1317 53 58 « 

Bur? 41101120 54 62 41 

Newport ceumy 41 81617 45 63 40 
Unoaei City 39 91317 47 67 40 
GardrflCrtY 43i0 9 24 48 79 39 
Swansea Wy 42 10 923 41 81 39 
Wolverhampton 42 91023 40 88 37 

■Nurdhrism Bnsioi Cm 3. Plymouth Am 
2; Bnsai Manor Fatm 1. Exmoidh Town 3; 
Chppennam Town 4. Chard Town ft 
Rome Town 1. Ctevddon Town 1. 
Usfceaiti Atti 5. Weston-super-Mare 0: 
Mettsham Town 0. Dawhsn Town 2: 
Mnanead 1. Taumon Town ft Pauftcn 
Hvrs 0. Safiash Utd 1| Torrmgton 1. 
Ctandown 0. 

1 EAGUfc Premier dmsion: Anesey 0. 
Stottatd 1: Boom 1. Long Bunt* 1. 
Bracuey I. Pen on? 2 mancumugn ft 
SLNeots 0: Newport PagneO ft Amptfui 1 . 
Norton Spencer 0. Eynestwry 1. Raunds 
5. Hofoeacn 3: Ro t nwo B 2. Desborough ft 
Saniord 2. Buddronem 1. Woown 3 
BaJOcck 2. 


Svnndon Town *027 5 8 66 38 86 

Cneaar 433114 7 79 47 77 

Port Vale 41 19 15 7 63 33 72 

Manshesi Town 3921 9 9 65 40 72 

HaiXSOOHJU 41 19 913 61 » 69 

42171213 59 58 63 
41 17 915 72 50 GO 

40 1511 13 67 57 59 

41 18 9 16 51 56 57 

41 15 IQ 16 66 64 55 

4015 916 54 56 54 

3914 11 14 68 58 53 

42131415 44 52 S3 
40141016 55 60 52 
39 1311 15 50 60 50 

4214 820 58 75 50 

41 14 720 97 65 49 

40111613 47 53 49 

_ _ 39121116 S3 63 47 

ScuiCTooe uid 40111316 41 51 46 
4013 720 49 SS <3 

CarnoridoeUtd 4212 921 58 77 45 

ftraanfi-&id 4211 823 SI 78 41 

TDrousyUW <0 8 922 40 75 36 

dnueen: Arsenal 2, Port s mouth ft Cam- 
1, Orient ft Chariton 2, Ips w ich 1, 
ft MSwafl ft SSdngtenn 2. 
Tonenham 1. Norwich 5. Wes Ham 1 
Second dh i efcm : Bournemouth 6. Coi- 
cnester Utd ft Bristol Rowrs ft Brantford 
1. Crystal Palace 3. Oxford Utd 4. 
Wimoledon ft Luton Town ft Brttfiton 0. 
Scutnampton i0 

ESSEX SCWOfl LEAGUE: Canvey bland 
6. Halstead Town 1 CoggushaS Town 3. 
Sawonccwin 1 East Ham Utd 0. 
uatdon 'Town ft Eton Manor 0, East 
Thurrock ft Port Utd ft Bowers Ufd 1 
SansteC 1. Burnham Ran* 1 Many 
Fisher M em o ria l Cum 8— Mfcwte Brent- 
wood 1. Wittum Town ft Wvsnhoe Town 
4. Bnohttafosca 2 

Seotish premier (Svfsfon 

0 Cette 
2 Re noare 

0 Hearts 

1 Dundee 

1 StMnm 

Dundee Hid 





Ab e rdeen 

N ormamptu n 
Crewe Alex 
Herglord Ufo 
Coicne s for Utd 
Exeter City 

Halifax Town 

Si Moran 

3319 9 5 57 3D 47 
321610 6 54 27 42 
321610 6 56 38 42 
321510 7 54 28 40 
3312 913 49 42 32 
3312 714 39 40 31 
3311 616 47 56 28 
3311 517 38 56 27 
33 6 720 2B 69 19 
32 5 620 30 57 is 

rtttoK Barkm i. Hayes ft Benop* 
Stanford z Tootng and Mneham 1. 
Bogror 1 . Heresy ft CttatiaSon 1 . 
Hendon 1. Epsom and EWBfl 1. H*?Qw ft 
Hac hm 0. Slough 1. Walthamstow 4, 
Windsor and Eton 1. Woking ha m ft 
Pemhorough 1. Worthing 0, SuOon Utd ft 
YeomI 5. Croydon 0. first dhrietat Avetey 

0. Uxbridge 1. BasMdon Utd 2, Harlow 
T own 1 . Ffncttey 2. LswM ft Hampton 4, 
Tilbury ft Lesowtiaad ft Boronam Wood 

1 . LBVton Wingate 2. Sanaa Town ft 
Maidenhead Utd 0. Bromley ft Sr Afcam 
On 2. Grays Am ft Watton and Heranam 
3. Chesham Utd 1. Wembley 1. (Word 
Ctty 1 S ec on d dMsfon horde Banon 
Raws ft RMftam Town 1. Kerefiefo Utd 

2. Wohwiort Town ft Hertford Town 0, 
Clapton [4: H a yttrrflgoSwrtti 1. Stow age 

' - "" ' “ town 

. St 

Royaton Town ft Hamel Hemp- 
stead ft Vauxhafl M«prs 1, " 
Borough 4 rfoetpened. Berkhamsted 
Town v Saffron Walden Town. Second 
drrttJen SOVth: Sanstud Atb 3. 
Hungerford town 3; Cam&eriey town 1 
Soudwtek 3: Doridng 0, Perersflaid lift ft 
Easfooume U» l fieckwas Heath ft 
Feonaffl 2, Marion 1 Horsham 1 
fojwdurj town 3: M reo pc tta n Peace 0. 

Manor 3; 

Woking 1 Mbkessy D 

Chesfwa 0. Herts 1 

Scottish first tSvfston 


2 Pwwbuon 



1 AtaASMic 

4 Haratto a 




1 BrecNaCS* 



2 Morton 



1 Kfloaraoc* 



0 Part** 




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Town ft Souftal ft Russtp 
3 . Egham Town ft 

Trawl 2 Lanong f. Eastoreme Town 2. 
Arundel 1. iffitebampeon Town 2. 
Snqroham ft Mxtmnt 1. Hedshara Town 
l. ftnbmer ft tVWaehaw*: 1. Star-r u ng 
Town 3. Peacefiaven ft Three Bridges 6, 
CMchwar Ctty J Lane OnSengn 
Cup: ThW meat PorftSo A Horsham 
YMCA 3c 

UW1 BAe{Vtfeybnd«)1. ChertseytoiM) 
l , Merstham ft Chratam 1 . MaMen town 
ft Granleigh 2. Cobham ft Fafegh Roms 
ft Femhan Town 4; Fleet ft Mben Vafo 

westwo s Honwi, rwuoy urotti 1 
Branthem Ath 1 Ctaaens Town ft Buy 
Town 3. SudburyTrawi I.CtactOh Town f 
Great YonnoulhTOWi 5: Feftxetowe Town 
Z Havetad Rvrs 1 Gorieston 3. Satnm 
Town Rangera 1 Harwich and Parfeston 
ft Htston 1 Lowestoft 5, By Ctty i 
TTieflord town 1 Stowmar ka town 1 
Bttfidog petrottren Cop: TbM maxfc 
Cotchosttr Utd Reel March Town u« 2; 
WistMtfl Town ft Branroe Town 2 

UtyeaesD. Old Brorntan s 1 
Aylesbury 2 Wycombe Wendenn 2 (aet) 

LEAGU& Ards ft 

fiamlerttnalaR Abingdon Utd 1 Houne- 

AMW54. Fairioro town a 

don’t it won’t be foe end of foe 

Hand is hand with Bassett's 
endearingly straightforward atti- 
tude off foe field is an approach 
on it which is, wefl. endearingly 
straightforward. Wimbledon are 
exponents of foe long-ball game 
and. like mast such teams, have 
received a good deal of criticism 
for iL However, foe broad brash 
strokes tend co distract one’s 
attention from some skilled 
detail, and their victoiy over 
Sunderland contained more 
than a few elements of subtlety. 

Wimbledon's goals, all scored 
by their midfield player Hodges, 
came in foe last half hour of a 
match which, until then, had 
been something of a disappoint- 
ment. Wimbledon were doing 
most of the attacking, hut lacked 
inspiration, while Sunderland 
seemed content merely to 

Then, in foe space of five 
minutes, Wimbledon had the 
game won, thanks to a couple of 
clever movements constructed 
entirely at ground level. On each 
occasion Hodges finished them 
off with crisp shots. 
Wimbledon's third goal had 
more traditional origins, a hoof 
upfirid and a header across foe 
race of foe goal by Fashanu 
which Bennett pushed away 
wifo his hand. Hodges (“a 

known penalty misser, Bassett 
said afterwards) took advantage 
of foe offer to make it three for 
him and three for foe team- Not 
a bad return to action after 13 
weeks out wilh injury. 

Sunderland's performance 
was astonishingly lifeless for a 
team -managed by Lawrie 
McMenenry. At the be ginni ng of 
foe season, when he took charg e 
of the newly-relegated dub, few 
people imagined he could &it to 

take them straight hade up to foe 
first division. Nobody would 
have considered releratian to 
the fond. 

But McMenemy, so success- 
ful with his biend of youth and 

Sam lESia experience at Southampton, 

Town 1 RajSs* ffi? vSSm ,0 teve ^ et 3tiarion 

Gray'amiWdfe > 

R»w 1 BeaeoreffeW 0 DsrenOOMn mention Swindled erst and 
Aw»teior a Afabn 0 < ^ aIes - wh O are injured at the 

Northwood 2 Boeldsn UnO 2 Redhig 
Pennant u ' ^ - ■■ -- 





Collier Row 1 

Brunt ft Scuttiwarik 
Noryt Gree ntonj 6 Royal Arsenal 0 
*wponeU.&ob Samar vCwngtanl 


know about the game, but who 
arc tuj longer capable erf 1 putting 
fom Imowfedge to proper effect 

SoSS£Ac£re^^ ids?!!' ® 

j fitttanu. L SancJiBE. C 

ssai us&t 

mrefSiL t J Borratt 

JP | 1 





I ^ 

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Old style suits 

Robbins as 
he leads way 
to triumph 

established dominance at the 
Rugby Correspondent. set scrum early, Kent could 

u/ a «t«i»k1ir ~ seldom use scrum bail eflfec- 

WarwiclCShffe _ 16 tively and once the Mkt- 

RCflt 6 landers came within a few 

. : — — ; metres of Kent's line, there 

season mere has been was nothing to stop them 
considerable discussion of the heaving, wheeling and scram- 
way^ forw ard fo r English rug- bling Robbins over the line for 
oy it is therefore not inappro- tries to go with the eig ht he 
pnate ■ that a competition had already scored, m the 

whose best days are said to be 
overwas won at Twic kenham 
on Saturday by a team playing 
in a style which may, at best, 
be described as passe. 


The other defects possessed 
by Kent — one which they 
share with a good many other 
sides in England— was timing. 

Warwickshire won the The best Ulustratian of thus 
county championship final, came when Read, a scrum half 
sponsored by Thorn EMI, by of vision and speed, broke 
two goals and a try to a penalty from near his own line and put 

gpal and a dropped goal Their Field away on the 22. The 
. tn <s were scored by Askeans wing had only Steve 
Graham Robbins, their cap- Hall to best and an empty 
tai n , all from five-metre field he thought about 

scrums. the chip-ahead, then he 

But before we consign his thought again and by the time 
team's win to the history he did it he was so close to 
books we should remember Hail that the Warwickshire 
that Warwickshire embraced full back was able to charge 


with fervour and obvious 
success a style of play which 
suited their available players 
and which was adhered to 
with no little skill; that (hey 

down the kick. 

Nevertheless Kent's mid- 
field worked better than some 
others that have appeared at 
Twickenham this season and 

Pas de demc The Kent stand-off half Colyer leaps on the Twickenham stage in a vain 
attempt to fhO Baltimore's clearance to touch (Photograph: lan Stewart) 

Richards brings a splash of 
colour to a dull encounter 

and their supporters enjoyed Thresher, a late replacement 
their win and they contributed for Walters, who withdrew 
to an entertaining afternoon's with a groin injury, added 
rugby; that rugby is a game of confidence and impetus from 

■Tt . 

■ l i. 


cu i 

v ai r 


contrast, of checks and bal- 
ances, and if we all played to 
exactly the same style what a 
boring game it would be- 
lt may be some consolation 

to Kent that they won many an upright. 

fuS back. They led 6-0 after 
only 10 minutes and remained 
level at half-time, unlucky to 
see Field's well-struck second 
penalty attempt rebound off 

admirers in a vociferous 
crowd of some 7,000 and it 
was desperately sad that the 
game turned on two Kent 
errors early in the second half; 
the first when they twice held 
Warwickshire's surging scrum 

Robbins, the fireman, dam- 
pened their hopes, bis third try 
coming after concerted 
rucking and driving by his 
scrum half and flankers creat- 
ed the position for the scrum. 
Kent threw everything into 

~ on their own line, only for attack and one longed to see 

Robbins then to score from a them rewarded while admir- 
‘ J heel against the head when ing the. comprehensive depth 
Kent's back row might just of the Warwickshire cover. It 
have relaxed, anticipating a was their ninth championship 
clearance. The second when win; they had worked hard for 
Skinner and Cokell sent it and they deserved it 
.. fc Osbourne away and the wing SCORB& Warwickshire: Tries: 
was stopped only a metre R? bUns -PL .S 

short with support, had he 

looked for it available for die WARWCKSKRE: (Coventry iriess 
try that might have levelled stated); StewoHafl (Barkers Butts); 
matters at 12-12. CLssfce(Ntfi6Bton).CIjHercft».R 

nnt Mwy. Stuart Hal; T BuMmore 

Kent did not go short of netesstBr). S Thomas; L Johnson, 
possession. Hinscy, McRae AFantngiDfL 8 wake*. P Thomas, 
and Skinner shared the fineoul A aawr. B Bma, R Travers, o 
and their back . row were ..j - 

Kcnt Penalty: Field. 

WARWICKSHIRE: (Coventry unless 
stated); Steven Hal (Barters Butts); 
C Lease (Nuneaton). C MBer chf p, R 
Massey, Stuart Hal; T Bantama 
(Leicester), s Thomas; L Johnson, 

By Gerald Davies 

Swansea 25 

Cardiff 10 

It was the performances of 
individual players rather than 
the colourless pattern of the 
game which caught the eye in a 
match which Swansea won by 
three goals, a try and a penalty to 
a try and two penalties. 

Sadly for Cardiff Mark Ring, 
who had shown a touch of class 
in midfield, had to come off the 
pitch with only a minute of 
proper time to go. In the 
equivalent fixture a year ago, 
then played at the Anns Park. 
Ring was carried off with such 
severe injuries to all the liga- 
ments surrounding his right 
knee that be has missed almost 
the whole of the season and has 
only started playing again 

After a couple of matches for 
the Cardiff second XV and once 
for the senior team in their easy 
romp last week against Bedford, 
it was a suffer test at St Helens 
on Saturday. He fell the strain 
on his ankle, hesitated and 
wanted to stay on, but his leamn 
colleagues insisted be go off 
knowing his value to the team in 

the Welsh Cup final in a 
fortnight's time. 

His absence throughout the 
winter has limited Cardiff s 
ambitions. They have been a 
powerful side without him. and 
quite efficient but only in the 
sense that a workhorse will put 
his head down and do what is 
necessary. Rarely have they 
shown the easy jauntiness which 
is quite often their confident 
trademark. Without Ring there 
is no alternative. Typically it 
was he. uxsing his curly bead 
back, who created Cardiff's only 
uy, scored by Cordle. four 
minutes into ibe second half. 
His score was sandwiched be- 
tween two Gareth Davies's pen- 
alties. one in the first half and 
one in the second. 

David Richards, the Swansea 
centre, who is to retire at the end 
of the season, showed such class 
in midfield tbaz be reminded us 
on a day such as this there is still 
no one to touch him in Wales 
when it comes to attacking 
midfield play. He scored a 
lovely try m the first half to add 
to the one scored by Titley. 
Bevan converted one of these, as 
well as lacking a penalty, to 
make it 13-3 at half-time. 

The game, which for the most 
part creaked with end-of-season 

weariness, belonged to Richards 
and Swansea. They produced 
the best moments largely due to 
the dominance of Richard 
Mori any. who submerged 
Norsier in the middle of rhe 

Paul Moriany, who has the 
ability to distinguish himself in 
Welsh rugby must team sooner 
rather than later, if he is to play 
with any dignity, to tell the 
difference between what is 
acceptably robust and forthright 
and what is petulant and ul- 
mannered. He is, as yet, as he 
showed on Saturday, unable to 
do so. and could blight what 
could be a marvellous career. 

After Gareth Davies's penalty 
narrowed the deficit to 13-10. 
the home side scored further 
tries by Clement and Paul 
Moriarty, both of which were 
suberbly converted by Bevan. 
SCORERS: Swansea: Trias: M TWey. 0 
Richards. P Monarty. T Oamertt Co nn er 
««i* r Sewn (SI. Penalty; R Bevan. 
Canftt Try: G Cordle. P a n a W ea : G 

SWANSEA: R Bevan: a Bnyr. D Rcftards. 
AM Wrftams, M Titley; T Clamant Alan 
Wa&me; M Cddou^i. P Httdnngs. D 
Young, R W e bs t a r. R Monarty. J WBfcams, 
M Davies, P Monairty. 

CARDIFF: M Rayon G Conte, M Ring 
(rap. D Wright). A Donovan, A Hadley; G 
Davies. N O'Brien; C Coftna. A Philips. I 
Bdman. 0 GaUng. K Erirmnls. R Noretar. 
G Roberts. R Latan. 

Hafarea: B Francis (New Zealand). 

magnificent in support, but 
their attacks were launched 40 
metres or more away from the 
tty line and Warwickshire 
always had time to cover back. 

Warwickshire, in contrast, 
played for position and at- 
tacked from dose range. They 

Robbins (capl). 

KENT: (Biaodwath unlees stated): S 
Tbrestw ( Harlequins); J Field 
|AaKaare| M.Coteri t^toda ^ m 

Vaughan, D Huraay, P McRae 

(Askeans). M 9dnmr (Harlequins). 
R Cheval (Askeans). 

Referee; L Prideaux (North Mi d- 

Refreshing display Sella opens 
by young backs 

From Chris Than, UDe 

Rees delights in a 
happy occasion 

By Bryan Stiles produced tries, be contributed 

nobly in the set scrams, where 

d. 4C Harlequins were often pushed 

KOSSiyn ram — — 15» back yards. Ripley now plays at 

Harlequins 12 lock to make way at No. a for 

By Gordon Allan 

London Welsh 30 

President’s XV 36 

London Welsh began their 
centenary season by losing nar- 
rowly to the Barbarians in a 
game of high scoring at Twick- 
enham. They ended it, at Old 
Deer Park on Saturday, by 
losing in similar fashion to a 
team of Barbarian strength 
raised by their president, Vic 


Mr Watkins's team scored 

four goals and three tries against 
three goals and three tries. It was 
a good match of its kin d. 

For the President's. XV 
Winterbottom was all over the 
place. Cufobertson and Gibson 
were never far behind him, and 
all the backs contributed to the 

Harmon scored a try soon 
after half-time and Gary Pearce, 
the stand-off half, (his n a m esake 
was at prop) convened, to put 
the President's XV 26-4 in front. 
The n Leleu, Evans. Douglas and 
Waldron scored tries and Price 
kicked two conversions to leave 
the Welsh only two points 

adrift. A happy ending for them 
on (heir hundredth birthday? 
Not quite. Finn scored his 
second try and Steven bis third, 
and the president’s team proved 

Knowing that caution was futile w he just out of reach. But at 

The efficacy of Rossi yn Park’s 
p ro g ressive youth policy was 
amply demonstrated as they 
completed a satisfying double 
over their Loudon rivals on 
Saturday. Five of their backs 
were the product of the dub's 
junior teams and they brought a 
refreshing tang to a match that 
was threatening to remain a 
scrappy -affair between two ir- 
ritable packs. 

Park deservedly won by three 
tries and a penalty U> a try. a goal 
and two penalties . and they 
must have wondered why they 
did not have many more scores 
to their credit The fault lay 
largely with that back division, 
who were imbued with the 
delightfully infuriating 
impetuosity of youth. They 
would create openings with 
sudden darting breaks and then 
throw the scoring chance away 
by taking the wrong option. 
They lacked the kind oT incisive- 

back yards. Ripley now plays at 
lock to make way at No. 8 for 
Brookes who. with Montgomery 
and Marne Q, formed an enter- 
prising back row. 

In an untidy first half 
Dudman put Quins ahead with 
a penalty from 30 metres. 
Henderson levelling the score 
with another from 35 metres as 
Offiah and Park's other 1 9-year- 
o)d wing, Rclton, flitted in and 
out of the action in startling 


Brookes put Park ahead with 
a push-over try seven minutes 
after the interval but Dudman 
kept Quins in touch with a 
penalty goal before Offiah at last 
fulfilled his early promise. He 
scored his two tries in the space 
of five minutes, outflanking the 
defence after passing move- 
ments initiated by Rjptey. At 
this stage Park were displaying 
much of the speed and dash 
which has made them such good 
sevens exponents this season. 

Dent scored Quins' try in 
injury time after a tap penalty 

France — 

It was again Sella who did it. 
After 60 minutes of precariously 
balanced rugby bis try — his fifth 
in as many internationals — 
gave France the lead, restored 
the French moral and helped his 
countrymen 10 raise the pace 
and finish in style, winning 
against an unexpectedly 
resourceful Romania by one 
goal, four tries and one penalty 
goal to one goal, one try and one 

France were lured into a sense 
of false confidence by their first 
try scored by Eric Bonneval 
after less than two minutes but 
the Romanians moved up the 
field methodically, dominating 
the lineout with peat authority. 
A huge up-and-under from their 
classy stand-off. Gelu Ignat, put 
Blanco in great difficulty. He 
dropped the ball, which was 
picked up by the Romanian 
centre. David, who was carried 

Muwuis , iv - .. , . — v -* j — . . - —r r j centre, uavia. wno was cameu •w , . • 11 

on such an occasion the players feast the Welsh could say they n«» that only experience can and Dudman added the conver- JJJrthe; line by the pursuing T ,51 tf* frlGS IHHD 
criss-crossed a field like trains at won the second half . . . . si on po m is. loose forwards. lenat convened -*-'**•■'* 11 AV3 lltip 

Clapham Junction, but there SCOTERS Lcgtew W rtfc Ww flaw. Th«7 brightest player was sgggg a Roeatyn P m * tmk Brepfca*. 17 a | CA 

^enough u^wmaketbe ^ !*« Z? j£> §r"S? ““ KdSO 10 

. Clapham Junction, but there 
was enough tackling to make the 
rugby competitive, and Mr 
Norfing refereed with a light 

touch. . 1 . a 

The president s men led 20-4 
at half-time, 16 of their points 
coming in less than ten minutes 
immediately before the hreak. 
The Welsh had scored first won 
a try by Clive Rees, thar 
captain, after an interception by 
Prtce. it may have been Rees s 
last try in I S-a-side rugby. He is 
retiring at the end of the season 
after 13 years and 317 games 
with the Welsh. An 
unmistakeable figure will be lost 
to the game. ^ . 

His played handsomely 
for him. in attack and defence, 
none better than Douglas. 
Yeandk, Bradley and Evans. 

ConmsioaK Price PtAesIdgnf* Jflfc 
Trie*: Steven (2), G Pearce 

(Ltanon. Harri so n. Cun ne ut o ra: G 

(rep. J Hughes). D Fouhy. G Leleu. CRen 
fcspft; CPrice. M Douglas: B Bradey, B 
U 9 M. J Dawes. S Page (rap. M Hafl), Q 
Urewelvn. J Cofltee. jEvans. T Wakfron. 

Ireland). D Jo te rt— (Wte teo ntens and 

Their brightest player was 
Offiah, the right wing, who 
scored two tries after initial 
openings made, significantly, by 
Ripley, the elder statesmen of 
the side. who. at 38 is exactly 
twice Offiah's age. 

Ripley threw himself into the 
rucks and mauls with ail his old 
enthusiasm and apart from 
breaching the midfield defence 
with two typical gallops that 

SCOREH& RoaefynPWfcTHeKaraakee. 
Offish (2V Penally: Henderson. G. Herie- 
Dent Goafc Dudmen. Pen- 

Try: Dent < 
■tee* Dutenan p). 
Jenriyn. J Agar. R 
Henderson: J Mnc 

Rtoley. C Mans* A 
KARUEQUK& R Oudtaan: M Bek B 
Jones-Oevtos, A Dent S Hunter. M Jones. 
A Wooteouse; P Cuns. J Ohrer. F 
Croxtord. J Abrtn. P Ashworth. M Cm. D 
Cooke, E Weeks*. 

Rateree: Q Daves (Liverpool) 

ARK A Hobbs; M Offiah. M 
Knar. R Rebon S Tubb. G 
J Nngsmn, D Barnett S 
R UonSxxnery. S Foutts. A 

McBride brings down curtain 

(Aberavon and Wste cape): M Rnm _ . 

(Aberavon end Wales, capd; M Rowan 
(Braougriw* and Scotland). 

/RAF! (rep R Jones London 
' (Horthampson end 
lunbi WeBti), W ._ 


(London Web and Ireland), 
jteleree: C Norteg (WaieeL 

Individual flair shines 
in a glittering game 

WflUe John McBride has 
decided aot to aDew his name to 
go forward as an Irish selector 
next season, briagfna down the 
curtain on almost 25 yean of 
mternataoBal involvement in 
rugby football both for Ire land 
and the British Lions as a player 
and an administrator (George 
Ace writes). His last official act 
will be as a .selector with the 

Lions in Cardiff on Wednesday. 

McBride won the first of 63 
caps against E ngl and in 1962 
and made the first of five Lions 
roars as a player to Sooth Africa 
is the same year, playing hi two 
Tests. He was dropped oafy oboe 
in his career. He made 17 
appearances for the Lions, a 
record that may never be 


By Michael Stevenson 

island 18-Group 16 

aha 15-Group — — 7 

5 hufflebothom s precise 
dropped goal made it 7-7 at half- 
lime, but in the second half, a 
second penalty by the excellent 
pilgrim and a second try by 
Underwood, made and con- 
verted by Pilgrim, brought de- 
served victory. 

This march, rich in talent and verted by Pugri™- Drou&Dl nan, 

endeavour, restored one’s fiuth served victory. !£££■" 

in a game tarnished by foe _ _ , T . . mm 55£j 

stereotyped ta c ti c s, lack of in- iv B raiwain r 

dividual flair and stenie ^ 
ihreequaner play too often *• _. 
apparent at senior leveL The 
teams were fiercely eommittefl s 
but lint the ball alive whenever 

15-man running and handling ^ (^xni 

B3 &gj30d , who won by a sown. jkhf&m « SSSpooi 

a SSiwo penalties to any 

and a dropped goal, scored fiia ““ 

through Pilgrim's penalty, but tamh 
flora* nreMiire SCI UP W ' 

through Pilgrim's penalty, but 
fierce Webh pressure set up 
Ffowera'schance to race into foe 
line from fell back, gmng 
Wintk foe scoring pass for 
Wales’s only tty, shortly after a 
rash' Welsh handling move 

broke down and Underwood 
fiy-hackcdandout-ran the cover 


n an Form .. 
GSl D J 

A UNfanmod 

Kent 6 Werateksblre W 


Orate 38 Lteerpaar 6 

Aberavon 38 Bterw 

Betb 24 Ne wp ort 

BfcnSnfl he m 9 

tt eil tenl 9 

Bristol 29 Leicester 

BmgMMPk • 23 

CraaKeye « 

SS5S-" £££» 

London Web 8 Mo se t ry . _ 

London WetaO 38 PretedenTeXV 36 

MeiFaBce 1* ASerttewy 10 

30. Gkl HaanburtBra 0: Old Hemptoram 
9. Orieene FP 14: OW Reedortens 7. Old 
WalcouitteRS 17: Old RtegaOem 7. KCS 
OB 3: Old Suttonans 3. Bee 08 10. 
. TABLE: Usfiridoe 0. Rui sto& 

SUSSEX HEsSr TABLE Sestord 20. 

Haywards Heaffifi. 

MEH IT TABLE: Southend IS, Streediem. 

mst EY am CE eoupmeht south- 
BM BCRrr TABU: Aobey ia asliabwy 
9: Hemes 0. hwi Wycombe 12. 

MERIT TABLE: Crusaders 4. West NorkA 
20-. N orwich 10. Sodbui y IA 

wo a*. EesSeigtr 12 . 

Catalans 13, Old Bacrahamiars U: 
atrinrtxjime & Madwray ft Snowdown 
Off TtLSheppsy 7: Wag fc ombe Pork 10. 

30 Rems 


CS), r B«* ILtanfehen 

{N * rtn &S&J*. 



30 Feoartt ■- 

PM 19 Hrawtetas 12 

21 HwoepcoiR 13 

25 Cmm 18 

Trednow 12 Meetteg 16 

viriToTune 12 tte sd ln g fe r 3 

WteretWd » Sereceae 

MffiedS 31 

Waterloo 27 

is OU BitxauSsns 4 Old Brnnuel 10, 
Od wEmSSM Old Mbsmaafiara 

BASS MEMT TABLE: ftedntei 1ft 

Mawer ft BrixTiwn lfi. Si hws 11. 
Threnon 21; S*nouth 29. Btealonii. 
Launeeetan 13; Hrnle 14, Feimouffi 6. 
anvton 28. Exeter 13: Totquw IS, Saudi 
WNee Rotoe 37; Gtanenan Wanderers 
25, Plymoudi 19; Jerrey iZSt Austefl 121; 

Bemteaita 1ft Plymouth Eter» 9, Tom 
13; Whnlwombe 17. Newton Abbot ft 
Keytwtw 5*. wemiffloii is. 

The freezing cold and foe 
snow which covered foe pitch 
during the morning was acting 
as great leveller. But that could 
not prevent Bonnevai flicking 
the ball over his shoulder iu a 
tackle with utmost ease and 
elegance to put his Toulouse 
partner Charvet over for a 
marvellous try. Laporte failed 
with foe conversion, but he 
managed 10 land a penalty from 
close range to increase foe lead. 
The Romanians, superbly led by 
their new captain, the veteran 
Hanker. Murariu, forced their 
way back into the game Ignat 
kicked a penalty and closed foe 
gap to only iwo points just 
before half time. 

Soon after Lagjsquei came in 
for the injured Lafond foe 
Romanian full back. Hodorca. 
moved into the line to finish off 
in foe left corner a move which 
started on foe right and in- 
volved Ignat. Lungu and 
Toader. Fittingly it was Sella 
who managed to break the 
mould after a period of relent- 
less French pressure, Laporte 
converted Sella’s try 10 give 
France foe lead. 

The Romanians surged hack 
into foe game but to no avail 
Erbani scored another try. car- 
ried over by foe now physically 
superior French pack to add 
insult to injury. Lagisquet has 
gone over just before foe final 
whistle after the Romanians had 
collapsed both morally and 

SCORERS! F l are s tiles: Bcmeval. 
Charvat. Salta. Erbani. 
LagtequaC c awaral on : Laporte, Peoattv: 
Laporto. Ronwnta: Triaa: David. 
Hodorca .Conversion: Ignat. Panalty: 

FRANCE; S Banco: J B Lateral irap.P 
Lagaquei). P SaBa. D Charvat E 
BoratevaL G Laporte. P Bertxziar P 
Morocco, D Dtoroca leapt). J P Garnet E 
Champ (rap. T PkardL J Condom. F 
HagaL D Ertmni J L JdneL 
ROMANIA: L Hodorea (rep ft Vomovfc m 
T oader. A Lungu, V DavxL G Varzsm, G 
bnat T Comaft F Opris, M Uot V Paacu. 
F Uiarn (rape. LCbnaantn. G Caragaa. 
M GaieaL S Conavten- 
Rate raw M Waidran (Australa). 

Kelso to 
retain trophy 

By lan McLanchlan 

Kelso made it three in a row 
when they retained the Melrose 
Sevens Trophy at foe weekend. 
The large crowd were kepi 
entertained, with particularly 
good value from foe three 
invited sides. Wasps, the Ameri- 
can Cougars and foe Racing 
Club de Paris, all of whom 
reached foe semi-finals. 

In the opening round the 
Americans and French disposed 
of foe Academicals of Glasgow 
and Edinburgh respectively by 
scones of 24- JO. Meanwhile. 
Wasps cruised through with a 
28-0 victory against a dis- 
appointing Selkirk. 

In the semi-finals Racing 
Club proved too slick and 
inventive for foe Cougars. 
Lafond and GeiJIard had two 
tries apiece, but foe Americans' 
refusal 10 give up was rewarded 
by two tries from Vizzard. 

{□ the second semi-final 
Kelso, who had struggled to beat 
W’alsonians in their opening lie. 
needed extra time 10 dispose of , 
Wasps. Kelso could not have | 
had a more encouraging start j 
with Ker scoring in foe firs 1 
minute and when Robeson was ; 
tackled without foe ball they | 

were awarded a penalty try. 
Wasps hit back through Rose 
and Thomas, but finally lost 20- 

In a thrilling final Kelso were 
trailing by 16-10 until foe 
dosing minutes when two tries 
by the Scotland flanker, Jeffrey, 
converted by Hogarth, sealed *a 
famous victory. The borderers 
other points came from tries by 
Ker and Hoganh. who also 
converted his own touchdown. 

• Ayr won the Glasgow 
University Sevens when they 
routed Hill head 54-12 in foe 
final Hillhead looked the more 
impressive in the build-up to foe 
final but had no answer to foe 
Ayr men, who scored nine tries. 



Squad are 
lined up 
for tour of 
S Africa 

From Paul Martin 

Ad international rugby 
squad is heading for South 
Africa to do bade with the 
Springboks and the country's 
powerful provincial unions — 
but a cloak of secrecy stiU 
covers much of the detail. The 
tour, starting on Saturday, has 
been confirmed to by the 
Transvaal Rugby Union, 
which is running it. Tickets 
hare been printed and 'TP 
invitations issued for the first 
match against Transvaal at 
Ellis Park, Johannesburg, an 
official said- Transvaal is or- 
ganizing five matches, and die 
Western Province Rugby 
union another five or seres. 
Four “international" matches 
are scheduled . 

Because of the political hue 
and cry surrounding sporting 
ties with South Africa it has 
not been revealed whether the 
team is a world XV, drawn 
from various countries, or a 
rebel New Zealand side. But a 
group of New Zealand players 
were heckled in Wellington as 
they boarded a plane for what 
seemed to be the first leg of 
their journey to the republic. 

The South African Rugby 
chief. Dr Danie Craven, is 
unable or unwillmg to say even 
from which countries the play- 
ers are to be drawn. Ail he will 
say is that the British Home 
Unions and the other major 
rugby nations, except Austra- 
lia which pleaded a “hectic 
schedule", were willing to offer 

The New Zealanders, 
thwarted last year by a court 
injunction, are certainly eager 
to visit South Africa in any 
guise. They tried and narrowly 
failed to dispatch a 
“unofficial" team last year. 
One report says only two 
leading All Blacks, David 
Kirk and John Kirwin. de- 
clined invitations to make a 
dash for the South African 
autumn sunshine and take 
part in a tour. A South African 
newspaper has even published 
a list of the purported tour 
party, comprising 29 New 
Zealanders and, curiously, one 
American. One New Zealand- 
er, Wayne Shelford. has re- 
signed from the Navy, says a 
Wellington newspaper, after 
he was refused leave of ab- 
sence for the tour. 

It is possible that some, 
most or all of the New Zealand 
players have been kept in die 
dark about who exactly they 
will be playing with or against. 
One All Black, though, made 
it clear that tour plans were far 
advanced, bet he was not 
certain it would go ahead. “We 
are taking a risk, but it’s worth 
it," he said in Cardiff, where 
be is among eight New Zea- 
landers who are to play two 
matches for an overseas XV 
against the British Lions and 
five nations teams this week. 

A rebel New Zealand tour 
would provoke unprecedented 
tension within the Internation- 
al Rugby Board, whose mem- 
bers are in London to celebrate 
their organisation's centenary. 

New Zealand rugby chief, 
Mr Ces Blazey — a man of 
onhnpeacbable integrity — 
told his union had only 
authorised np to seven New 
Zealanders to play in South 
Africa for a “short period" on 
an invitation tour, certainly' no 
more. An “unofficial” tour 
would breach a lone-standing 
agreement among Internation- 
al Board members stipulating 
that players invited abroad 
had to be officially requested 
and officially sent. 

Becker’s passport 
to final record 

Boris Becker and Stefan 
Ed berg fought a gruelling semi- 
final match on Saturday that 
eventually gave the West Ger- 
man a 7-6. 7-6. . 4-6. 7-6 
passport to foe WCT Final in 

"We had some very good 
rallies and many close games." 
said Becker, the second seed. “It 
was a very exciting match for 
the crowd.** 

Becker, aged 1 8. and Edberg. 
foe 20-year-old third seed, foe 
two brightest young stars in 
men's tennis, met in a four-set 
match in last year's Davis Cup 
final: Becker won then. too. But 
foe West German, who now 
leads foe Swede 3-2. said 
Saturday's match, which he won 
on three lie-breaks, “was of 
better quality. It was exciting: 
Usually Stefan wins the tie- 
breaks. but 1 did today." 

The first-set tie-break was 
won in typical Becker fashion, 
as he dived for 3 backhand 
volley, then scrambled to his 
feet only to watch Edberg's 
forehand land just wide. 

While power-serving and 
hard-hilling were the main 
weapons used by both players it 
was a defly-placed forehand 
topspin lob over the rapidly 
advancing Edberg, on foe third 
set point, that won foe second 
set for Becker. Edberg was 
caught fiat-footed and could 
only lower his head as foe ball 
landed well inside foe baseline. 

In foe third set the pair 
exchanged service breaks in foe 
first two games, and Edberg got 
back into foe match, winning 
foe set after a decisive break in 
foe ninth game. 

The match, which lasted three 
hours and 29 minutes, reached 
fever pitch in foe fourth set: 
points became furious battles of 

volleys, sendee returns, power- 
serving and passing shots. The 
players raced and dived across 
the court and Edbeig once even 
jumped foe net to make a hard- 
earned point 

In the final tie-break Becker 
raced to a 6-0 lead. Edbeig saved 
the first two match points, but 
on the third Becker closed in fast 
on foe net to put away a high 
forehand volley winner. 

In all three lie-breaks Becker 
got off to quick leads. In foe first 
he led 5-0. in the second 3-1. “I 
got slow starts and that is 
tough," Edbeig said. “Becker 
goes for foe winners on foe tie- 
breaks. He never plays it safe. I 
had mv chances.** 

The semi-final was Becker's 
second match in less than 24 
hours, having defeated Paul 
Annacone. of the United 
Statc&Jn straight sets on Friday 
night. “1 think it is unfair for me 
to have to play on three straight 
days. The other guy has a day's 
rest." said Becker.who neverthe- 
less went into yesterday's final, 
against foe unseeded .Anders 
Jarryd. aged 24. who beaL his 
fellow Swede Mats Wilander. 
foe first seed, in the other semi- 
final. knowing that in career 
meetings he leads 4-0. 

“He has a lot of confidence, 
but in foe back of his mind he 
must think that he has never 
beaten me." said Becker, who at 
18 was looking 10 become the 
youngest winner of the WCT 
Final since Bjorn Borg, then 
aged 19, won in 1976. 

BARb (trend pnx tournament Quartur-finai*: 
5 Cotonoo m a IV Pope WOl 7-6. J L 
uaa&o (Spl tt P Cana (it) 4-6. 6-1 . 6-1 ; h ae « 
Para (Ain) » H 5ch<vaier (WGI 5-7 6-2 6-2. ► 
Cartwwi (Swat bt l Duncan 1US1 6-0. 6-1 
Samt-finata; De la Pena « Colombo 7-6. 6-1. 
Cafluon M MaesoS-0 6-2. 

HLTON HEAD: Family Cfcde MagnjJn* Cup: 
Soml-ftoolc S Graf | IMG). M H IMnaWkCr-a 
|Ccl «. 6-4: C Uoy<J (US) M S Rena (US) 6-2. 

Frawley’s chance 
to regain form 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

The Lawn Tennis 
Association's five-week spring 
circuit will begin tomorrow with 
the British Home Stores tour- 
nament at Hampstead. The 
ofoer events will be played at 
Queen's Cub. Sutton. Bourne- 
mouth and Lee-on-Solent. The 
stronger competitors will then 
be looking for places in the 
French championships. 

The purpose of foe circuit is 
to promote foe game and pro- 
vide British players with 
competitive experience and a 
chance to improve their world 
rankings. The British and their 
opponents from overseas will be 
a mixed bag: some on foe way 
up, some ou the way down, and 
others who are not going any- 
where or have not been any- 
where. The tennis should be 
respectable and foe competition 

One interesting competitor 
will be John Frawley, aged 20. 
whose brother Rod achieved foe 
unlikely feat of reaching the 
1981 Wimbledon semi-finals 
without having played a seed. 
Two years ago foe younger 
Frawlev progressed to the top 7G 
and Australia had great hopes ol 
him. They still have. But al 
present he is sminling to regain 
his momentum after injury and 
a decline in confidence. 

A better-known Australian. 
Ken Fletcher, turned up on 
Saturday at Wimbledon, where 
he played 1 0 doubles finals and 
was on the winning side in five 
of them. That was in the 1960s. 
The LTA have engaged Fletcher 
to work with three teenage girls 
and foe youngest of these. Sally 
Timms, aged 16. became 
Britain's junior champion on 
shale by beating Jennv Reeves 6- 
3. 5-7. 6-1 in the final. Miss 
Timms had previously beaten 
three seeded players. 

Fletcher was modestly reluc- 
tant to join foe champion at her 
Press conference. “She's done 
all foe work" he said. “Not me. 
And she works hard. Winning a 
title is the hardest thing 10 do 
when we're growing up. Now 
she's over that barrier — and she 
has the game to build on. We are 
working on her serve and her 
backhand and she needs the 
confidence to go to foe net - foe 
has the shots". 

Once a week Miss Timms 
undertakes a rwo-hour train 
journey from Woodford Green 
to foe Slough Indoor Tennis 
Centre, which Fletcher man- 
ages. One obvious benefit is foal 
she tries to play shots in 
sequences rather than in isola- 
tion. “You have to break up the 
partem*'. Fletcher said, “and 
avoid going for a winning shot 
too early. It’s like a game ol 
chess.” Miss Timms was 
particularly effective on the 
forehand. Miss Reeves is a 
bustling, springy lass who plays 
much like her sister Sally, 
ranked seventh in Britain. She 
hardly needs reminding that she 
did not win a service game in foe 
first and third sets. 

The boys’ winner was the lop 
seed. Danny Sapsford. who had 
a 7-6. 6-0 win over .Anthony 
Hunting, a year his senior. 
Hunting had a sei point at 6-5 
but never had another game. 
Sapsford was the more boldy 
constructive in devising wavs ol 

winning rallies as distinct from 
merely keeping them going. 

.After a week of varied bui 
consistently bad weather the 
finals were played indoors on a 
surface of granulated rubber that 
looks and plays rafoer like shale 
except for the foothold, which 
does not permit such quick 
changes of direction. 


Rivals hope Jahangir 
will lose his memory 

By Colin McQnfllan 

Jahangir Khan returns to the 
Dunnings Mill squash dub in 
East Gnnsiead today to begin 
eight days of competition which 
will almost certainly conclude 
with his winning foe Hi-Tec 
British Open final at Wembley 
officially to complete bis fifth 
undefeated year on the inter- 
national circuit. 

It is common sporting knowl- 
edge that the 22-year-old Paki- 
stani world champion has been 
unrivalled since he lost the 1 98 1 
British Open final to Geoff 
Hunt, of Australia. 

Five consecutive British 
Open titles would be feat 
enough (although his uncle, the 
legendary Ha shim Khan, holds 
the record of six in a row), but 
500 matches without defeat 
places Jahangir among the ab- 
solute elite of international 

There is a forlorn joke among 
his nearest challengers that the 
secret 10 beating him lies, sot in 
superior racket work, but in the 
lost ability to extend him to a 
full match. The man who can 
keep him on court for five 
games, foe theory’ goes, will win 
simply because by now Jahangir 
must have forgotten how to play 
a fifth game. 

The last man to extend foe 
world champion thus far was 
Hiddy Jahan. in foe Welsh 
Masters final in November 

I9S2. Since then only eight men 
have managed to steal a single 
game from him and some ol 
those seem to have been broken 
by foe effort. 

Dean Williams of Australia 
won foe second game of the 
1982 World Open final: He now 
concentrates on business in 
Penh. Gamal A wad. of Egypu 
look foe first game in the 1 983 
Chichester Festival final: He 
was effectively broken by the 
experience and has scarcely 
survived a first round since. 

Ross Norman, of New Zea- 
land. the second seed in this 
week’s Hi-Tec tournament, has 
collected but a single game from 
nine major finals lost to Jahan- 
gir during the past year or so. 
“One day he will be off his game 
and 1 will be waiting for him." 
Norman insists. 

Other players to lasle brief 
success against the world No. I 
during his phenomenal run are 
Philip Kenyon and Danny Lee. 
of England. Daulat Khan, of 
Pakistan. Stuart Davenport, of 
New Zealand, and Chris 
Diirmar. of Australia. 

The latest “one game 
wonders". Danny Lee. of Surrey 
thinks lop players give foe 
champion too much respect “I 
just went for him," Lee said 
after winning the opening game 
of foe 1985 Spanish Open with a 
sophisticated slow ball attack. 


7 JO uniass stated 

First division 

Leicester v OPR (745) 

Fourth division 
Halifax v Torquay 
GOU LEAGUE: Kottartng v Wycombe 
Wandarara; Munaaion y Rfetay. 
vision: DulwKft H aml e t v KrasUnun; 
Wuthamtoui Avev Sutton Utd. 
MULTIPART LEAGUE: Gtensboreuffii v 
Honmctr Hyde v Gatesnud. 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Prwmtac Aviate x 
GhefcnsionJ v Sheptoact Corby v 
Baahigatafce; Dudley * Mirny (at How- 


West Bromswcn Albion v Newcastle 17 m- 
Wtem v Sheffield UffiTSTsewd 
rfrtawrc Preston North End v Ctovenbv 


CU® MATCHES: ABcrjuan v u».. rn 
r.PL Bndgand * PwSSTJtV 


tenm®: Bmoh Horae Stores Cumber. 

IML ifcnJUS: Ouaan s Quo C ante™, 
twmamenl at Queen's) vwwiaiy 




- V- "'T7 ; *■ 

* % •*«** ; 

B tjf - 1 

^ ,,!■ in^mruin-- ' . . 


Photo-finish: Alter 72 laps there was less than half a car’s length between BraziTs Ayrton Senna (left) and Britain’s Nigel Mansell who appears to have already overtaken him 

Mansell runs out of time against Senna 

From John Blunsden 
Jerez, Spain 

A photo-finish between 
those arch-rivals. Ayrton Sen- 
na and Nigel Mansell, brought 
the Spanish Grand Prix. being 
held for the first time on the 
Jerez circuit, to a dramatic 
conclusion yesterday. Senna's 
Renault-powered JPS Lotus 
won by less than half a car’s 
length from the Canon Wil- 
liam s- Honda of Mansell. 

What had been, essentially, 
a professional race, with Sen- 
na setting the pace and the two 
Williams and two McLarens 
leading the rest of the pack, 
suddenly came alive half-way 
through the scheduled 72 laps 
when Mansell, who had taken 
things relatively easily to con- 

serve his fuel, moved ahead of 
his team colleague. Nelson 
Piquet, into second place. 
Piquet was to retire shortly 
afterwards with engine failure. 

It took Mansell until lap 40 
to close the gap on Senna, 
when he squeezed past into 
the lead entering the right- 
hand bend at the end of the 
start-finish straight He (hen 
built up a five-second advan- 
tage before Senna counter- 
attacked so eflecti vely that the 
two cars were nose to tail 
again with 10 laps of the race 

The Williams-Honda's 
chassis and power characteris- 
tics seem to put a greater 
sixain on the car's Goodyear 
tyres than does the JPS Lotus, 

also on Goodyear . and 
realising that Mansell could 
not maintain his earlier pace, 
his team called him in for a 
rapid change of rubber. His 
slop dropped him to third 
place behind Senna and Alain 
Pro si, in the leading McLaren, 
and he was over 20 seconds 
behind the leader when he 
rejoined the race. 

But once his new tyres had 
warmed up he was able to cut 
the margin by up to four 
seconds a lap until he came up 
behind Prost's car which, like 
Senna’s, was still on its origi- 
nal tyres. The difficulty of 
overtaking on this tortuous 
circuit was underlined as 
Mansell lost over a second to 
Senna before he was able to 

pass Prosi and move back into 
second place. 

Then he went flat out for 
Senna in what looked by now 
to be a futile chase, but 
keeping his cool, he closed the 
rap remorselessly and on the 
final lap made an attempt to 
cut inside on the very last 
comer. He failed, but then 
tucked in behind the leader os 
the run-up to the line before 
pulling out at the last moment, 
hoping to sprint past. He 
succeeded, but only after they 
had just crossed the line; so 
Senna was the winner after a 
majestic performance from 
both of these drivers. 

Prost slipped to 21 seconds 
behind on the final lap, but he 
was the only other finisher to 

complete the full distance. 

Thierry Boutsen, in the 
surviving Barclay Ajtows- 
BMW. and Patrick Tam bay, 
in his Beatrice Lola- Hart, both 
crossed the finishing line after 
being considerably delayed by 
pit stopsTambay’s was the 
first finish for the Beatrice 
Lola team, and it was 
achieved despite a problem 
with the brake pedal, a fuel 
feed fault and later, the loss of 
the fifth gear — a dogged 
performance by the French- 
man. The team's other car. 
driven by Alan Jones, was 
eliminated from the race on 
the first lap after a collision 
with Jonathan Palmer's 
Zakspeed. which also had to 
be abandoned. 

Boston (Bn). R Amoux (Fit 3; 
equal AM Brtindte (GB). T Fa»<ftfc 
G Berger (Austria). 2. Con s tr u c to r*: 
equal 1, Lotue-Renault r ~VV3fems~ 
Honda. IS pts; equal 3. Lk^ar- 
Renaurt. McLaren-TAG. 7; 5, 
Bortetton-BMW, 4; 6, Tyrrefl-Re- 
nautt. Z 



Teenagers are the 

surprise winners 

Perfection personified in a 
somewhat imperfect sport 

From A Special Correspondent, Prague 

Two brilliantly attacking Saturday in beating Branka 
■triage rs, Jorgen Pets son, aged Batinic. the seventh seed, of 
* ~weden, and Csdia Yugoslavia, and Olga Nemes, 
ed 17. of Hungary’, the first seed, of West Germany, 
rprise winners of the These particular opponents 

teenagers, Jorgen Persson, aged 
19, of Sweden, and Csdia 
Batorfi. aged 17. of Hungary’, 
were the surprise winners of the 
European championships here 

Person, who replaced Des- 
mond Douglas, of England, in 
Dussddorfs Bundesliga team 
this season, hit and top spun his 
way to wins at the weekend over 
Erik Undh. the third seed. 

proved unusually vulnerable to 
her defensive chop and float 

The 19-year-old from 
Dunstable is now likely to 

become the first English woman 
to establish herself] in Europe's 
■“ ' e the retirement of 

Men's gymnastics always 
leave me awed. And after watch- 
ing the Kraft Champions All 
competition at Wembley on 
Saturday. I was left wondering 
once again ifthis was, in fact, the 
snpreme sport, is there any 
other group of sportsmen so 
athletic, sa fit so finely made? Is 
there any ether sport so 
demandhq; ef skill, strength and 



seed, and Leszek Kucharski. 
another surprise finalist Doug- 
las. the fourth seed, was beaten 
in four games in the quarter- 
finals on Saturday by Ulf 
Carlsson. also from Sweden. 

Batorfi. with a 15-foot high 
loss on her service, won her 
semi-final 19-21. 21-14, 21-18. 
21-15 on Saturday against 
England's other No.l. Lisa 
Bellinger, whose performance 
was probably the best in the 
tournament against the player 
who had become many people’s 
favourite for the title. 

Bellinger gave two other 
outstanding performances on 

years ago. 

RESULTS: Men's Mk gan M fca te J 
Persson (Swe) bt A Gcubba (Pat 21-19. 
21-14, 21-1*' L Kucharski (Pol) W U 
Cartoon (Swe). 22-20. 22-20. 20-22. 21- 
17. Rnafc Persson bt KudiarskL 19-21. 
21-10, 21-16.21-19. 

Wooten’s wng to Q H g**: L 

BeGnqer (GB) tit O Nemes (WG). 22-2. 21- 
18. 1521. 14-21. 21-17:CSMorty(Hw)bt 
B VtosefcooplNetf* 21-19. 21-11 12-21. 
21 -13: F Bulatova (USSR) bt Z GMh (Hun). 
21-6. 22-20. 20-22. 21-12; O Badescu 
(Rom) M E Urban (Hun). 21-19. 15-21.21- 
17. 21-20. SnaHMs Batorfy bt 
BWnger. 19-21. 21-15. 21- 1A 21-16. 
Bulatova bt Badescu. 21-12. 25-23. 18-21 . ! 
21-1 a Ffenfc Batorfy fat Butatom. 11-21. 
21-15. 21-14.21-11. 

(fixed dotfriM: final: J Pansky and Miss 
M Hrachova (Cz) bt I Luptfescu and Miss 
G Perkuchin (Vug). 21-lB. 21-9. 

The exercises — a poor word 
which makes the activities sound 
like mere press-ops — on the 
high bar, curled out in defiance, 
it seems, of sanity, gravity and 
the instinct of seM-pcesemtioa, 
which always concludes the 
mea's programme, invariably 
leave audiences with their chins 
hanging between their knees. 


Irish title 


Andrew Morris, a Wehbmaa, 
span off with a crazy, straddle- 
legged dismount; a Spaniard 
with a name that should have 
gone to a master of the flamenco 
guitar. Alfonso Rodriguez de 
Sadia, ont-did him with a triple 
somersault and an Hungarian, 
Czaba Fajknsz, out-cooled 
everyone with a frighteningly 
high release and catch per- 
formed with tme arm. Surely no 
sport can better this, 1 thought. 

when it was all over and I could 
applaud a worthy winner. 

Th at meant Morris. Oh no. 
my maths were wrong, it was 
Borislav Hutov, from Bulgaria. 
His marks on the high bar were 
Just good enough. Yes, but come 
off it: the performance wasn’t 
really worth 9.2, now was it? 
Certainly all the insiders 
thought not. Bat the judges 
judged the other way: aid they 
earned more weight — tough 
lock, Morris old boy, hot you’ve 
got the silver. 

AD very fair, right and proper, 
no doubt. Bat then is something 
wrong about it. It has all got a bh 
complicated. Sport is meant to 
be simple: win some, lose some, 
and either way It's obvious. 
Sporting attainments are quanti- 
fiable. aren't they? 

No they Ye not. Not in the 
opinion sports, the synchronized 
swimming group. For yon can- 
not, in truth, out-tnmble some- 

one, as you can .ont-nm or oat- 
wresde him. Yon need a third 
person's opinion. And when 
sporting achievements depend 
oa a bunch of blokes at the side, 
they lose some of their simplicity 
and, with it some of thefr peats. 

Yet the need to compete seems 
as basic a tinman age as self- 
preservation, and if your field of 
excellence is tumbling, then 
naturally yon want to oat-tmlle 
the world. Winning has a magic 
that mere beauty cannot match: 
what made TorriB and Dean so 
memorably splendid was not 
their dancing hot their rectories. 
As dancers m an ice show, they 
are great: as competitors scaring 
nine perfect sixes (and every one 
of them a six) they here me 

The gymnasts at Wembley 
were perfect sportsmen, awe- 
some competitors. But tbeir 
sport, retying as it mast on 
opinions and marks, most al- 
ways remain impure, imperfect, 
open to question. This is tree of 
all the great sports that belong 
in the synchronized swimming 
group. The gymnasts' search for 
excellence depends on the opin- 
ions of the blokes on the side: 
flawless sportsmen in a sport 
that is, of necessity, flawed. 

Morris is 
to a gold 

By Peter Aykroyd 

Andrew Moms, from Wales, 
failed by a mere .05 of a point to 
become the first Briton to win 
the Kraft Champions All tour- 
nament at Wembley on Sat- 
urday. However, the winner — 
Borislav Hutov. of Bulgaria — 
was aided by luck on the 
horizontal bar when the judges 
awarded him the generous mark 
of 9.20 after-a fall. 

In a competition marked by 
spectacular one-armed work on 
vault and horizontal bar. experi- 
ence dearly counted: At the age 
of 24, Morris and Hutov were 
the oldest gymnasts by three 
years, and displayed superior 

Guo Linsheng. of China, and 
Alexander Kolyvasov. of the 
Soviet Union, appeared to be 

serious challengers. But Guo. a 
distinguished floor performer, 
faltered on the pommel horse 
and the diminutive Kolyvasov 
ran oat of power on the rings. 
Morris then took the lead until 
the parallel bars, while Guo 
commendaUy recovered to take 
the bronze. 

In the women's competition 
Tatiana Godenko. the Soviet 
youth champion, led from die 

is kept 
by White 

Jimmy White retained his 
title and collected the first prize 
of £22,500 with a 9-5 win over 
Willie Thome in the Benson 
and Hedges Irish Masters 
championship at Goffs last 

For Thome, it was his fourth 
losing appearance in a final this 
season, but he did have a £2.500 
consolation for making the top 
break of the tournament- 112 in 
his quarter-final against Dennis 
Taylor - as well as the £13.000 
runners-up prize. Thome, 5-4 in 
front after the afternoon session, 
could not withstand White's 
revival, losing four frames in a 
row in only 45 m mules to slump 
43-3 behind. 

In these frames. White had 
breaks of 62. 105 (which broke 
down on a relatively easy green). 
47 and 54. He had earlier 
compiled two other half-centu- 

Thome himself played well 

but it was just not enough. . 
“There was no holding Jimmy ! 

tonight. It was breathtaking to 
watch him in action.” Thome 

may fail 
to qualify 


start Her immaculate perfor- 
mance was too much for the 

mance was too much for the 

I considerable experience of 
Kristina Kotdes, of Hungary. 

Moscow, (Reuter) - Czecho- 
slovakia, the champions, 
crashed 4-3 to West Germany in 
the world championships yes- 
terday. their second shock de- 
feat in as many days. The 
Czechs, beaten 2-1 by equally 
unfancied Poland on Saturday, 
never recovered from West 
Germany's controversial second 
goal scored right on the end-of- 
period hooter. 

UBS Switzerland, the Farr 
designed maxi skippered by 
Pierre Fchlmann, held a slender 
four mite lead over Atlantic 
Privateer yesterday as these two 
leaders completed the first 1.000 
miles of the final leg of the 
Whitbread Round The World 
race from Uruguay back to 

Portsmouth (Barry Pickthail 


Novak. GSl Loaders on hawScnx 1. 
L’Esprrt dtquipa (L Paan. Fry; 2. Pfrtps 
Innovate* fp Nau&, Noth): 3 . Fazer 
Rntand (M Bernard 4 Equity and Law (P 
Van dar mgt Math); 5. UBS Swteertand. 

• The French tandem 
sailboarders. Serge Griessmann 
and Manu Berlin, sailing in 
Mistral conditions at Port St 
Louis. France, m the Johnny 
Walker VIP Speed Sailing 
Week, subject to ratification, 
broke the world A class record 
whh a speed of 29.93 knots 

*** * 


Faultless form by 

in a clear US win 

Fran Jenny MftcAithnr, Gfttebozfe Swedea 

Leslie Burr-Lenehan, who 15 years aW Insb-bred 
only qualified for the final after Toweriands Apgtezarke is icd- 

several American riders 
dropped out, yesterday brought 

his age. 

luti. who has been nding 

The United States their sixth superbly throughout ibc nwet- 
Vohro World Cup victory 'and ing, came uasteck w ine tmai 

• ^ - r c - — *hwAn fcwp fic th#» ffta OT 



VUUU nwilU x-U|/ wnwwij — y 

the most convincing wm in the run of three fences, the test ot 
riahwear old history of the which - a massive parallel — 

v, ° .... ...I m jnAwlinont JfflfniPt Or 

Riding the 

OfUty Uf UK wiuui . a Hipow F— — 

caused yn inordinant amount or 
German-bred trouble. NutTs 12 faults tete- 

la min g UXV uwiuairirtww uvwwnw . — - ... 

McLain, Mrs Burr-Lenehan, gated him from toil'd to fifth 
who said she had come to the place. Pushing Conrad 

final with ti* intention of Homfdd, who had eight faults, 
having a “nice" show rather up to thud, fan Millar and Big 

navtng a nice • — — — 

Than on win n in g , was the only Ben then held on to second pace 
one to finish yesterday’s two- but their eight feuta mrant mat 
round final without collecting Mrs Burr-Lmchan craxW knock 


i*s Ian Millar on Big 

down three fences and stffl win. 

But the American rider had. 

Ben was runner-up, 13 points something to prove. Two years’ 
behind, and Conrad Homftdd, ago she had sera the com- 

4- i«H dm fiftm n^r uijkr in 

fiom toe United States, fast petition slip flora her gw 
year's winner, took third place the final s Ucf - ft and, as tf 
on Maybe. Makobn ■ Pynto compensate, she wanted a dc 
made an iMawiighin g recovery round now. The crowd, sens 
from Friday night's weak show- the need for perfection, urg 
rag and finished in fourth place her on and let out a great roar 
— the same as test year. “At least she cleared the final fence. 
Tm consistent** Pyrah sh r u gged Afterwards, in answer to 

: a .luurf <U. Anwnm 



(rest roar as 

Martin Brundle dropped 
out when be was in sixth 

RESULTS: 1. A Senna (Bri, Lotus- 
Renault. Ihr 48n9n 47.735sec 
(104.073 mpti); 2. N Mansell (QB), 
WBSOTS-HorKm, 1:48.47.749; 3, A 
Prost (Fr), McLaren-TAG. 
1:49.00287; 4, K Rosberg (RnL 
McLaren-TAG, 1 tap behind; 5. T 
Fabi (it). BanetttxvBMW. 1 tap: 6, G 
Berger (Austria), BenehDn-BMW, 1 
lap; 7, T Boutsen (Bet), Arrows- 
BMW. 4 laps; 8, P Tamtoay (Fr), 
Lob-Hart 6 Iras. 


afterwards, still annoyed with 
himself for not capi taliz i n g 
upon bis brilliant opening 

Only 27 of the original 39 
competitors started yesterday’s 
two gruelling rounds. Britain’s 
Nick Skelton and Michael 
Whitaker both chose not to 
compete — their poor perfor- 
mances in the second 1% having 
left them out of contention. 
John Whitaker on Next Hop- 
scotch. seventeenth at the start 
of yesterday’s final, went into 
the first round but after eight 
faults decided not to go into the 
second. This left only Pyrah to 
salvage something of Britain’s 
tarnished reputation. 

tarnished reputation. 

With riders going in reverse 
older of merit the competition 
was tense by the second round. 
Mrs Burr-Lenehan had held on 
to her lead. Millar was lying 
second and Italy's Giorgio Nutj 
was third. Pyrah, lying in sixth 
nlace. knocked down the first 

Afterwards, in answer to a 
question -about the Americans' 
continued s up rem a cy in the 
Volvo World Cup. Mrs Burr- 
Lenehan said she thought it was 
partly because a big course 
suited thorn better than the 
Europeans.' “In the States we're 
used to jumping with scope — 
our oxer fences are wider,” she 
said She also, albeit in- 
advertently, drew attention to 
the enormous number of horses 
the Americans have to draw on. 
When asked ifMcLain would be 
her ride for the World 
Championships in West Ger- 
many in July if she was picked 
she replied: “Weft, L have two 
more equally -wonderfUl horses 
at home (Shnska and Boing) so 1 
don't know.” 

SULTSr'RM cbwpwWdw. 1. McLain 
Burr-Lenehan. US), no fauifis; 2. The 
(H Simon, Austria), 4. Own*: 1. 
MCUUD Eurr-Uoatm^, nptauAs; 2. 

Ben 0 LUbr. Can 13; 3. Maybe 
Honrfrtd, US). 1*5: 4, Towwtanos 
Anrinnite (M Pirah ■ GRt- fffr S. 

Tbe freak 

KV-* an 



' -kra m 


& mm 

2' '•* 


a- --ytSi 





The West German coach, 
Xavier Unsinn had said before 
the tournament that his aim was 
tq avoid last place and relega- 
tion. but bis side was 
unrecognisable from that which 
had slumped 8-3 to Canada on 
Saturday. The entire squad 
shone, as 9.000 Soviet spec- 
tators delighted in (he dis- 
comfort of their main rivals. 

Czechoslovakia, winners of 
the prestigious Izvestia tour- 
nament test December. led 3*1 
and seemed to be finding their 
oki form as the second period 
drew to an end but their collapse 
threatens their chances of 
qualifying for the final play-offr 

clear jo®® 

"■'" --bin 

Tills ilMU lvi^iNjL/rVi /^rivii- i4 i>60 

lam> lack 

iis!iiiu> touct 

Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Jane Henderson 
and Peter DavaUe 

' -V S 

: o * 

■ i-ra'H., 



too CMta 
t50 BfoaktastTbna 
9 l 20 Coefax 

030 Ptey School Useless 
„ &***»« 1050 Ceetax. 

030 News after Noon with 
- Richard Whitmore and 
Sue Carpenter. Headlines 

with subtitles. 1245 
Regional News and 
■ Weather with Ian 

14» Pebble Ifis at One Ltxd 
- Snowdon tides about his 
triptolsraeL Hev«ntasa 
tourist with camera in 
hand for five days and has 
. published a phcrtographic 
study of the rand gndfts 
peoples. He toM Paul Coia 
that photography is hot an 
. art, being a matter of luck. 

. and regards himseff as an 
- fflustrafor of the written 

1-<5' The Fkanps a See-Saw 

S.1S Good Morning Britain with 
Anne Diamond and Nick 

Owen news at &3& 74)0, 
7.30, 8.00, &30 and 94)0. 
Weather at 6.28, &5B, 
7.28. &28 and &5S. Sport 
aiSJS and 74M. Cartoon 
at 7.2* Pop video at 7.55. 
At &45 Profile of the 
Queen, marking her 60th 
birthday next week, looks 
at her as a mother. . 

025 Thames News Headlines 
fottowed by Struggle 
Beneath the Sea/Some 

Heart for the deaf and 
hard-of-hearing with sign 
... fe^uagaand subtitles. (r) 

3.15 Songs of Praise from 
AJrdne in Lanarkshire; 18 
con gregatio ns caroa 
together yesterday with 
the Monwands Youth 

155 StBgoe's On a programme 
-of words by Richard 
Strtgoewrtn Ray Alan and 
Lord Charles 

creatures like the hermit 
crab and the sea anemone 
five together in symbiosts. 

955 The Prizewinners. A day 
fnthaBfeof Ernest 
Hemingway, writing 77 m 
Old Man and the Sea bn 
Cuba, which later won Win 
the Nobel Prize. 

1020 Cartoon Tima with 

Courageous Cat and The 
Case o f the Big BaB 

1047 Crazy World of Sport 

Turkish wrestling is one of 
the unusual sports from 
the £881101008/5 

•' 'V- 


4.10 The Puppy’s Further 
Adventures Puppy goes 
. home. 430 The KkJs of 

Degrasai Street beginning 
/a new series about a 
grouped kids man 
ordinary Canadian street 
Chuck's dad is In jail, a 
" fad: he prefers to rede 
/ from Ws mates, but 
.' brother Pete can't stop - 

C55 dohn&raven’s 
'• ttewsround ' 

555 Blue Peter the new puppy 

- - ■ is now ten weeks old; 

- - Janet demonstrates how 

she trains Bonnie not to 

bite everything insight 
. especial her ankles 

555 Charles In Charge Charles 
' invites Mrs Pembroke's 
favourite author to (firmer 
as a treat which turns out 

.. surprismgty. 

650 Six (mock News with 
Sue Lawley arid Nicholas 
Witchefi, foflowed by . 


655 London Plus Jeremy 
Paxman reports and 
Michael Wale has sports 
news. . 

7.00 Wtogait Sue Lawley , 
presents the programme 
m your man's absence. 
Guests Russell Harty, 
actress Jane Lapotaire, 
Walter Gabriel of 77» 
Archers played by 84 year 
old Chris Grams and Gen. 

. ..Chuck Yeager the test 
ptot who first broke the 
' sound barrier in 1952. 

755 The Rock W Roff Yearn 
The year is1957. 

Macmillan becomes Prime 

- ' • Minister. Sputnik 1 takas v 

k .... n^iritospace,raceriote_, 
'".,breekbutfriAteib^ria.; ", — ! 
Uttle Richard,’ Paid AnRa, 

; Tommy Steele andavis - 
r. are in me charts^ ...:. • 

655 Its Your Move Secret 
admirers writing to Matt 
and Norman cause - 
suspicion aB-roiirfl. 

850 Three Up.TwbDownSam . 
has to deal with Daphne 
who is being courted by a' ' 
neighbouring military man, 

940 fine O'clock News with 
John Humphrys and 
Frances Coverdaia 

- followed by regional news 

. . and weather. .. . 

950 Panorama: One Mirada Is 
: NotEnough-The 
. Philippines After Marcos, 
Richard Lindtey reports on 
■ the first rrwada which 
Cory Aquino says was 
responsible fbr bringing 
her to power he claims 
she wifi need another one. 
to make the revolution 

stick in this impoverished 

- land. ' 

10.10 Film: The Sp&ee Gang 

/1 974) Western wrth 

•Like most generalizations, 
the ona put up for consideration 
(BBC 2, 8.10m) - that sodety is 
made 143 of suckers and 
cheats -is provocative more than 
scientific, and I am read that 
zoologist Richard Dawkins has 
come up with a triad category 
-the grudger -which, he 
suggests, might have the 
effect of making the other two 
extinct Dr Dawkins has 
already put the cat among the 
pigeons by proposing his 
^ theory about the setnsh gene, 
Int e rpreted by some as a 
justification of the bully-boy, get- 
out-my-way route to the top 
of the heap-Now.thanks to a 
tournament played by a 
battery of computers, he offers a 
Kenne th Haigfr, The Fourth co-operative, non- 
Floor , ITV,94S0pni. competitive strategy which gives 


the underdog a chance to 
show his teeth 
(ITV.9.00pm). ian Kennedy 
Martin's three-part thriller is 
30 minutes Into its first episode 
before a shot is fatally fired. a 
fact that would seem to prove 
how wrong one of the 
baddies is when he predicts that 
in the pending inter-gang 
drugs war agamst the Mafia, “it's 
going to be like High Noon if 
we taka out one oriheir high- 
trick Raviolis" .As we are kept 
in the dark about why so many 
drug smugglers are being 
"shoppeCr before they have a 
chance to do much 
seems appropriate that much of 
the minatory talk m The 

Fourth Poor should take place in 
deep shadow. 

•Radio choice for 
todayrlntecpreiationa on Record 
( Radio 3,7. 00). which 
analyses the differing 
approaches to performing the 
Rachmaninov Piano Concerto No 
3,is a more elaborate version 
of those comparative surveys 
thaLforme. are the highlight 
of Radio 3's incomparable 
Saturday morning series 
Record Review. 1 have never 
been able to understand why. 
if Sunday morning's Music 
Weekly can be repeated on 
Mondays (Radio 3 
today. 2.00pm). the same 
intelligent decision cannot be 
made in respect of Record 

Peter Davalle 

m C). 9.00 News 

9.05 This Week's Composer 
Cherubini. Requiem in D 
mmor (Ambrosian Singers? 
Mew Phimarmonie) 

104)0 Czech String Quartets: 
Prazak Quartet Smetana 
(Quartet No Z). Janacek 
(Quartet No 2) 

10.45 PhiBiamnona Orchestra 
(under Muti and 
Somone). Rossini (the 
overture Silken Ladder). 
Clement (Symphony No 1) 
11.20 CeUo and Piano: 

Alexander Battiie (cello) 
and Ian Brown. Beethoven 
(Sonata in F, Op 5 No 1). 
Liszx (La (ugubre gondola). 
Reger (Romance, and 

1045 Blackbird: spring 

covefsarion by Patrick 

11.00 Bartok and David 
Maitnews: Brodsky 
Strmg Quartet Bartok 
(String Quartet No 1). 
Matthews (String Quartet No 

11.57 news. 124)0 Closedown. 

VHF only: Open _ 

University. From 655am to 655. 

Education Bufletin. 

Radio 2 

On medium wave. See Ra<So 1 
for VHF variations. 


as bank robber leading 
three boys astray in 

11.45 Weather. 

1145 Fbebati XL5. Hostffifes on 
Planet 73 i nvestigated by 
intrepid Steve Zodiac (r). 
1150 About Britain, The . 
Cotswoid Way runs from 
Bath to Chipping Camden. 
Clive Gunnell walks it, 
stopping to meet the 
people and places along 
the way. 

1240 Tickle on the Turn. Pet 

KsS?.iKotsr etope 

' Pretend: The Instrument 
Makers and the 

1250 Baby & Co. Miriam 

Stoppard's programme 
about birth - parents’ 
choices and sometimes 
lack of them. 

140 News at One. Leonard 
Parkin plus Weather and 
FT Index. 140 Thames 

150 Ffen: Circle of Danger 
(1950)* British thrflier with 
a Hollywood director. 
Jacques Tourneur. An 
American comes to 

deaths brotherc^&Beged 
misdeeds during the war. 

3.00 (MversityCtaflenge 
Starters for Ten fbr 
University College Cardiff 
and the university of 
Newcastle. 345 Thames 
News Headlines. 

350 The Young Doctors. 

440 Tickle on toe Turn. First 
seen at midday. 4.10 
James the Cat at the 
dentist 440 He-Man and 
the Masters of the 
Universe: Origin of the 
■ Sorceress. 

445 SupetgrenandtheTV 

- vfflams: fantasy series for 
children (Oracle) (r). 

5.15 Connections. Teenage 
quiz with Sue Robbie. 

SAS News. 640 Thames 
. News. 

645 Help! with Vtv Taylor Gee. 
655 Crossroads. Jason 

- -Hathaway recognizee 

- Benny iirthe rootBi and - 

-Roy talks frankly to-Diane. - 
740 Nature Watch. Jufen 
Gardens to see how totogs 
aragrowing after, a hard 

■ rtn ir .' % , 

56 Coronation Stoeet Gloria 

■ has an unexpected, visitor 
and Mike has to apologise 

- (Oracle). -■■■ - • 

840 What's My Line? Jffly 

Cooper, Barbara Ke% and 
Entie W3se are three of the 
celebrities wrinkling their 
brows in search of the 
Ines tonight 

650 World fn Action What do 
' schoolchfldren eat for 
tanch? The Department of 
Health's awn survey has 
been delayed, but leaks 
suggest the news is bad. 
Rigid standards laid down ■ 
tor school meals were 

- abandoned in 1980. 

640 The Fourth Floor. First of 

a three part toiler by Ian 
Kennedy Martin (Oracle). 

1040 News at Ten followed by 
Thames News Heacffines. 
1050 FBttttAton (1979). Horror 
fitin in which a monster In 
the spacecraft causes 
• Wom to vchuminB scenes: 

1240 WgW Thoughts. 

655 Open UniMfstty Matos 

2.00 FSm: The Murderer LJww 

at Number 21 (f94?r 
L‘ Assassin habite au 21. 
Clouzot's debut fifan, this 
is a comedy thriflar with 
Pierre Ftesnay as toe 
detective and an array of 
suspects in a murder 

I ^IM 

340 FBm: Marne (1974) Lucille 
Ball in the title role. 
Musical set in 1928; auntie 
Marne's flamboyant 
lifestyle Is regarded as a 
bad influence upon her - 
nine year ok) nephew. 

5.15 News Summary with sub- 
titles. Weather. 

540 40 Minutes (1986 BAFTA 
Award winner series). 
Some 10,000 under-age 

school girls conceive each 

year, one in three give 
birth. Maxine, Fernanda 
andTnxfi and their 
fantifiestafle frankly about 
the issues of 
contraception, teenage 
sex, abortion and 
motherhood and about 
how their boyfriends 

6.00 Young Muskrtaa of the 
Year Over 40 young 
musicians are in 
Manchester tor the finals. 
This programme, 

Radio 4 

Burton introduces tour 
previous winners: 

Michael Hext, trombone, 
Nicholas Daniel, oboe, 

Anna MarWand, piano. 
Emma Johnson, clarinet 

640 FBm: Vhra Las Vegas 
(1964) Aon-Margret co- 
stars m the singinq and 
dancing star vehicle for 
Bvls Presley, which came 
at the middle of his ffim- 
making career 

800 Images of Home An 
introduction to the 
extraorcSnary. gripping 
epic German film Helmat 
which will be serialised on 
B8C2 starting on 

8.10 Horizon Nice Guys Finish 
First Doctor Richard 
Dawkins, an Oxford 
Zootogfst comes up with 
atoeory which seems to 

. ; tie in neatiy with Channel 

- , -4's Inner. Eye series at 

- TlO-OOtoroghtHe - 

believes we could 
marapurate the way our 
brains namess our 
emotions to improve our 
relations with others, 
without losing face. 

(LOO Now -Something Else 
Impressionist Rory . 
Bremner has a go at more 
people behind toe news In 
. the final programme in 
the series. 

950 Joan Rivera: Can We 
Talk? She asks her 
delgfttMly frank 4ft 
7fiiend, sex therapist 
Ruth Westhetowr. Peter 
Cook is there to observe 
fair piay and Joan Coffins 
is on toe line from Dynasty 
and Tracey Ufl man, 
Christopher Reeve and 
Michael Barrymore. 

1040 NewsnfgM with John 
Tusa, Peter Snow, 

Donald MacCormlck and 
Oiivia O’Leary. 11.05 

11.10 Tfete-Jouroal Demi ere 
emission presentee par 
Chantal Coer, ce soirles 
informations d' Antenna 
Deux i Paris. 

1155 Open University The 

comprehensive v grammar 
school debate (r). 

255 Wtoaton CtwrcbS - The 
VaBant Yean (1961 
American documentary 
series) Thfs flpjsocte is the 
story of A Bridge Too FOr 
and ttw birth or the United 

340 Tba Late Late Show. Gay 
Byrne presents more 
e&ednighfights from The 
Late Lea Show. 

440 A Plus 4- GBI Nava and 
Mavis Nicholson present 
the live magazine with 
discussion, music and 
interviews; an original view 

450 Countdown. A regular 
face from last week is 
reigning champion David 
Trace, who's now won 
three times. 

540 Afica. A conversation with 
Earl leads Mel to call his 
Insurance agent and 
arrange to nave Alice, 

Vera and Jolene bonded. 

550 Let’s PariezFranglais one 
more temps. Up toe Eiffel 
Tower, Monsieur Kington 
teaches essential 
Franglais par exempts Le 
24 Heure Plumber tor 
bidet repairs (with Leslie 
Phillips and Willie 
Rushton) and how to 
parier about the affreux 
weather with Jacques 
L'Ecossais and Michel 

545 An Engfishman** Home: 
Broadumto. Influential 
families of Southern 
England disclosed through 
thetr stately homes. 
Broadlands was Lord 
Palmerston's home, later 
Lord Mountbatten's. Now 
Lord Romsey. fives in the 
18th century house. 

650 Every Window TeBs a 
Story JMalcolm Mifier looks 
at Hefi in the Apocalyptic 
East window in York 
Minster and at Paradise in 
toe South Rose window at 
Chartres Cathedral. 

740 Channel 4 News foitowed 
by Comment by inti Afi. 

640 Brookskie. At the Grants, 
Damon is packing to go to 
Torquay, Shefia gets an 
anonymous, threatening 

850 Lou Grant Could an 
Imfividual build an atomic 
bomb? Lou Grant finds out 

345 Kate andAtfle. American 
comedy series. Kate and 
■ - AB», two divorcees, face 
toe problems of single 

9 55 ^wt^n^^Aseries 
of short animated films 
about toe end of toe world 
from 5 different 

1040 The Inner Eye- Six-part 
series. Dr Nicholas 
Humphrey asks why 
human tiTteOgenoe 
evolved and argues it (fid 
so to help us understand 
our fallow human beings. 
Heathrow might be cited 
as an example of man's 
achievement, yet 
Humphrey emphasises 
instead toe importance of 
social co-operation 

1140 Filin: Uratea and Gtanys 

® . Recent British 
, developed and 
scripted in cofiaboration 
with the actors. With a hint 
of menace the Wm 
explores the emotional 
landscape of family Wa. 

On long wave- VHF variations at end 
of Radio * listings. 

545 Shipping 6.00 News Bnefing: 
Weather 6.10 Farming 
Week. An interview with a 
leader of the agncuhuraJ 
industry, followed by a five- 
day weather forecast for 
farmers. 645 Prayer for the 
Day (6) 

650 Today, loci 650, 7.30, 

850 News Summary 

6.45 Buanees News 65S, 
755 Weather 740, >40 
Today's News 755, 655 
Sport 7.45 Thought for 
the Day 

855 The Week on 4 with 
Edward Cole. 

&A3 Barry Famani's Chinese 
Horoscopes — The 
Dragon personality. 

940 News 945 Start the 

Week with Richard Baker 
(s) 1040 News; Money Box. 
Questions on personal 
finance put to speoaTists by 
listeners in Bristol. 

1050 Morning Story. The 
Travelling People by 
Brendan O' Byrne. Read by 
Denys Hawthorne. 

10.45 Deity Service (new Every 
Morning. page46Xs) 

1140 News; Travel; Down 
Your Way. Chipping 
Campdan. Gloucestershire 

11.48 Poetry Piaase! Poetry 
requested oy listeners. 

With Dannie Abse, Elizabeth 
Bell and Anthony Hyde. 

1240 Nbws: You and Yours. A 
special report from this 
year's National Consumer 
Conference held in 

1247 Jarvis's Frayn. A series 
of unguarded 
observations written by 
Michael Frayn and acted 
by Martin Jarvis (s? 1255 

1.00 The World at One: News 

1.40 The Archers. 1.55 

450 KalejQoscope. 

5.00 PM: News magazine 
5-50 Shipping Forecast. 

545 Weather 

6.00 The Six O'Clock News: 
Financial Reoon 

6.30 Questions of Taste (new 
senes) A panel game on 
food and drink, with Paul 
Levy. Oz Clarke. Denise 
Ccttey. Aileen Han. Robert 
Booth and Ru&seU 
Dawes (r) 

7.00 News 

7.05 The Archers 
750 On Your Farm 

7.45 Science Now. Peter 
Evans reviews 
discoveries and 

8.15 The Monday Play. 

Twopence to Cross the 
Mersey by Helen Forrester. 
Starring Sarah Bedel. 


9.45 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
comment on the film 
Mixed Blood, on the Radio 4 
senes Jarvis's Frayn. 

with Martin Jarvis; and 
Master Drawings from 
the Royal Collection. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: The 
Battle of Pollocks 
Crossing by J.L Carr (6). 
Read by Ketch Dnnkei. 

1059 Weather 

1050 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial world 

1150 Today in Parliament 
1240 News; Weather. 12.33 
Shipping Forecast 
VHF (available in England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except 5-55-S.OOam Weather 
Travel. 155-240pm 
Listening Comer . Irene Hand! 
reads Grandma and 
Bopper visit the Garden 
Centre, by Janet 
Sorensen. 550-5.55 PM 
' (continued). 1150- 
12.10am Open University: 
11.30 Uses and Abuses of 
Definition 11-50 Hume's The 

1240 BBC Scottish SO (under 
Ostrowsky). With Barbara 
Gorzynska (violin). Verdi (La 
forza del destine 
overture), Prokofiev (Violin 
Concerto No 1). Moaan 
(Symphony No 38). 1.00 

1.05 Truckwell Wind CXmrfet- 
wfth Stephen Trier (bass- 
clarinet). Nielsen (Quintet. 
1922) and Janacek 
(Miadu 1924) 

240 Music Weekly: includes a 
conversation with Barry 
Tuckwell. and David Murray 
on Fairs and the prano(r) 

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of Jpnn LaundP. "TWET 

lyric "Atenremaamf oi 74i 

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LYRIC STWMOi From 21 April 




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** *★ 


Nicklaus keeps the 
Masters on edge 

From Mitchell Platts. Augusta 

The astonishing progress of 
Jack Nicklaus. who sprang out 
of the peck to threaten 
Severiano Ballesteros and Greg 
Norman, increased the excite- 
ment as the 50lh US Masters 
unfolded on the Augusta Na- 
tional course here yesterday- 

jay Haas, a former Walker 
Cup player and nephew of Bob 
Goalby. who won the Masters 
in 1 968, set the eariy taiget with 
a 67 for a five under par total of 
283. Haas, however, was com- 
pelled to sit in the dub house 
and watch for his score to be 
beaten. Norman provided Haas 
with some hope when he took 
six at the 10th but Tom Kite, 
with three successive birdies 
from the 11th. Corey Pavin. 
with an eagle three at the!5th. 
and Nicklaus, with four birdies 
in five holes from the ninth, 
then an eagle at the 13th and 
almost a hole in one at the 1 6th. 
all propelled themselves into 
position along with Tom 

Then there was the phenom- 
enal Ballesteros. He was the 
man. right from the start, that 
they all knew they would have 
to beat and when the Spaniard 
holed from eight feet for an 
eagle three at the i 3th he 
seemed almost in complete 
charge. At that hole Ballesteros 
even permitted himself a break 
in concentration as he shook 
hands with his brother and 
caddie. Vicente with the pros- 
pect of a third Masters win 
within his sights. 

Norman, who started out 
with a one-stroke advantage, 
failed to birdie the long second. 
So with par figures through to 
the fifth, he found himsdl 
unable to escape from, his 
pursuers. Then he successfully 
holed from ten feet for a birdie 
at the short sixth, at which 
point he moved to seven under 
par overall. 

The Australian feared 
Ballesteros most of all although 
the Spaniard failed to take 
advantage early on and 
Nicklaus was soon creeping up 
the leader board. Ballesteros 
struck a prodigious drive at the 
long second, leaving himself 
with something like a five-iron 
to- the green, but he hit his 
approach **fat" and the ball 
finished buried in a. bunker. He 

look three to get down for a 

Ballesteros, chasing his third 
Masters, had begun the final 
round at five under par and 
level with Langer. Price and the 
American, Donnie Hammond. 
Lack of experience m these 
circumstances soon told on 
Hammond as he dropped four 
shots in his fust eight boles. 

Ballesteros, with Vicente 
running around tike a scalded 
cat at the slightest indication of 
a birdie, provided himself with 
such a chance with an excellent 
approach to three feet at the 
third. The pun was missed but 
Ballesteros, watched by his 
fiancee Carmen Botin, was 
soon making a move. 

The cheer which greeted 
Ballesteros's birdie from 12 feet 
at the seventh was a mere 
whisper compared to the roar 
that rose from around the 
eighth green as his ball toppled 
into the cup following a pitch 
shot of fully 45 yards. It gave 
hiin an eagle three and it took 
Ballesteros to eight under par 
and ahead at that stage. 

Norman, studying the leader 
board, knew at that moment 
that his attempt to win a major 
championship for the first time 
in his career was under a severe 
threat. To his credit he re- 
sponded by holing a putt of ten 
feel at the sixth for his first 

birdie of the day so that he 
moved to seven under par. 

Meanwhile Price, who was in 
contention courtesy of a record 
round of 63 ou Saturday, and 
Langer were treading water. 
Price drove into a bunker at the 
third where he dropped a shot 
but he recovered in good style 
with a birdie two at the next 
where he hit an immaculate tee 
shot to within four feet Langer 
made what is, at least for the 
longer hitters, a conventional 
birdie four at the second but he 
dropped a shot at the seventh 
and be was out in 37 and four 
under par at that point. 

The likelihood of Tom Wat- 
son winning decreased as he 
took 37 to the turn, Ming back 
to three under par overall 
although his fellow Texan, 
Tom Kite, who was partnering 
Ballesteros, kept his own hopes 
alive with an unlikely eagle 
three at the long eighth where 
he holed virtually a full wedge 


The startling progress of 
Ballesteros, with Norman cou- 
rageously hanging on. diluted 
the prospect of a British success 
although Lyle refused to be 
intimidated by an audience that 
was clearly encouraging 
Nicklaus to put behind him his 
indifferent form of recent years. 

Lyle, however, did miss from 


US unless stated 

G Norman (Aus). 70. 72, 68 



T Kite. 70. 74. 68: T Watson. 70. 74. 
68: T Nakajima. 70. 71. 71 

R Tway. 70, 73. 71; G Koch, 68. 74. 
71: S Lyle. 76. 70. 68: C Pavin. 71. 
72, 71; M McCumber. 76. 67, 71: D 
Edwards. 71. 71. 72: J Nicklaus. 74. 


C Peete. 75. 71. 69: F ZoeHer. 73. 
73. 69; P Stewart 75. 71. 69; R 
Maitbie. 71. 75, 69: S Simpson, 76. 
72. 67; C Strange. 73. 74, 68 


J Haas. 73. 76. 67: W Levi, 73. 76. 
67: B Crenshaw. 71. 71. 74; W 
Kratzert 68. 72. 76: B Lietzke. 78. 
70. 68: P Jacobsen. 75. 73. 68 


L Nelson. 73. 73. 71; T C Chen, 69. 


D Pohl. 76. 70. 72; R Fahr. 75. 74. 
69; D Barr. 70. 77. 71; W Glasson, 
72, 74. 72 


H Green. 71. 75. 73: F Couples, 72, 


K Green. 68, 78, 74: J MahaHey, 79. 
69. 72: S Randolph*, 75, 73. 72 

J Thorpe. 75. 74, 73: L Mize. 75. 74. 
72; J Miller, 74. 70. 77 

A Sins. 76. 73. 73: D Pootey. 77. 72, 
73; L Trevino. 76. 73. 73: D Graham. 
76, 72, 74; L Wadkins, 78. 71 , 73: P 
Blackmar. 76. 73. 73 


M O'Meara, 74, 73, 81 

‘denotes amateur 

seven feet for a birdie at the first 
hole but he showed commend- 
able resilience by getting up and 
down from an awkward posi- 
tion to salvage a par three at the 
short sixth. Then he holed from 
five feet for a bundle at the 
seventh and, after completing 
the outward half in 35, he was 
three under par and not with- 
out a chance. 

Much depended on whether 
or not those players ahead of 
him would move forward or 
retreat and BaOesteros certainly 
held out a hand of friendship to 
his rivals by dropping a shot at 
the ninth so that be turned in 
34. So he moved into the last 
nine holes al seven under par 
and so, with Norman eventual- 
ly turning in 33, he was level 
with the Australian. 

Nicklaus, too. added to the 
suspense. He made an astonish- 
ing birdie from out of the trees 
at the long second where he 
holed from 12 feet Then he 
three-putted the fourth, missed 
from three feet for a birdie at 
the sixth then produced an 
incredible shot at the long 

Nicklaus pushed his drive 
into the trees. He looked to be 
in a hopeless position. He 
studied the path ahead for an 
escape route through the 
branches for what seemed an 
eternity. Then, with a wink to a 
couple of spectators standing 
dose by, he pulled a wood from 
out of his bag- It seemed a 
reckless gamble but the time 
had clearly arrived for such a 
risk. The next moment even 
Nicklaus closed his eyes almost 
in disbelief as the ball somehow 
found a way through the 
brandies and bade out onto the 

It was the shot of a pure 
genius and, more importantly, 
a shot which seemed to inspire 
the man who has won a record 
five Masters. He holed from six 
feet for a birdie at the ninth, 
turning in 35. then from 30 feet 
for another birdie at the tenth. 
At the 11th he made a putt of a 
similar length to go to five 
under par, and within two shots 
of the lead, but he look three to - 
get down from the edge at die 
short twelfth. 




David Bryant and Tony 
Alicodk, tie toarnaaent 

OK , ’ . 

the Midland Bank wood in- 
door pairs bowls champion- 

chip at Bournemouth tot 
night, with a five sets to two 
wfaorer the Newcastle m 
£pb Tairbairn and Bob 

S ^Srt°siid ABcock, who 
had qualified after losing the# . 
opening group nmttj on Meo- 
Ay mum Ron Jones and 
Bffl Boettger, tmmGuna*. 

lost the opening set Of the tin t 

5-d.Bot Alkeck, die reignirijg 
world indoor singles cham9?a- 
on, and Bryant then started to 
Sod their form and they took 
the next three sets 8-3, 8-3* W* 
1 - to take a 3-1 lead at the 

close of the afternoon session. 

. “We knew the opening set qf 
the evenin g session would be 
vital,” said ABcock after- 
wards. “And as ft turned out it 
was ow worst performance of 
the Bob Fairfaafrn and 
Bob Stephenson took ft 9-1 to 
redoceoarleadto jsstOBO. But 
in retrospect, I suppose that 
was fast the spur we needed.” 

.1 When the favourites wtm the 
next set 8-5 to restore their 

two-set advantage, the end of a 

iwaifaWe nm ms in sight 
for Fairbaim and Stephenson. 
And Bryant and Allcock, with 
the world tide and £10,000 
first prize firmly hi their 
rights, went os to dutch ft to 
just six, more ends, taking the 
seventh set 8-3. 

Tim ronsd of a lifetime: Price raises his arm in triumph after a Birdie at the 16th DoddS ShlflCS 

Repton strike right blend in cup 

Repton proved masters of 
the elements as well as all their 
rivals in winning the Halford. 
Hewitt Cup at Deal for the. 
second tune. In the final 
yesterday they defeated Mal- 
vern 3-2 in un seasonal 

Previous winners in 1963. 
Repton have combined youth 
with experience and they 
dropped only five and a half 
points all week. Youth was 
represented by David Grif- 
fiths and John Wood, who 
hefaTbn stoutly to take tire 

By Nichoto Keith 
clinching second match. This 
victory, over Adrian Barrett- 
Greene and Bruce Streather, 
maintained an unblemished 
record. Bill Burleigh, Tim 
Hampton and David Pepper 
were the survivors from 23 
years ago. 

Hampton and Pepper were 
paired together and found 
themselves three down after 
four holes to Richard Thomp- 
son and Adrian Coleman. But 
they later won five holes in_a : 

Malvern, who were one of 

the founding schools in 1924 
and ware appearing in their 
third final, won the first and 
fomtfa. games,, and bad a 
glimmer of hope with a reviv- 
al in the third. 

RESULTS: TMrtl round: Malvern M 
Blunders 4-1; Dulwich bt Rugby 4- 
1; Marlborough bt UppMiamArt; 
Repton tot Glenatmond 5-0: Tun- 
bridge bt Rassafl 3V4-1J4; Oundte 
beat Merehiston 3'A-IK. fourth’ 
round: Shrewsbury bt Watson's 3-2; 
Mafvem bt Dulwich 3 h 2; Repton bt 
Mart borough 3-2; Tonbrtdbs beat 
Oundte 3-ZSemhlbmt Mafvem bt 
Shrewsbury 3-2; Repton bL 
Tontvfdge 3&-1K. Hnafc Repton bt 
Malvern 3-Z ' ' 

Richard Dodds, the Great 
Britain captafii, scored four 
goals from short comers for 
Snnfftgafr who beat WdftwT- 
2 in roe tot quarter-final of 
the Hockey . Association Chp 
at Neasden yesterday {Sydney 
Friskfa writes). 

Southgate now .meet 
Cannock at Wflfesdai on 
Saturday. ..... 

Southgate had 20 :sfcort 
comers in the match and, after 
they had squandered set of 
them, Wefton scored from 
their first, Welch following ip 
after Byas had hftspbsf inffie 
fourteenth nmmte. 


England struggle to save follow-on 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, St John's, Antigua 

Despite a first-wicket part- 
nership of 127 — their best 
against West Indies since 
Gooch and Boycott made 144 
together on the same ground 
five years ago - England 
struggled yesterday to save the 
follow-on in the fifth Test 
match, sponsored by Cable 
and Wireless. Needing 275 to 
do so they were nearly there at 
263 for seven when play 
ended. Today is the rest day. 

Gooch's opening partner 
this time was Slack, of whom 

Emburcy said before play: 
“You'll need a trenching fork 
to get him out if he gets in." 
They stayed together for near- 
ly three hours. Of the others 
only Gower, with his third 
half- century of the series, an 
invaluable innings, scored 
more than 1 5. Overall, it was 
another dismal performance 
on a pitch that played perfect- 
ly well. 

England's chances of at last 
making a respectable score 
had been greatly improved 



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when Richards, the West Indi- 
an captain, allowed himself to 
get into a dreadful huff He did 
so for the first time on 
Saturday evening when, upon 
the ball going out of shape 
after 12 overs of the England 
innings, he refused to contin- 
ue the match with its replace- 
ment Although Law 3 states 
that “all disputes shall be 
determined by the umpires" 
and Messrs Barker and 
Cumberbatch told Richards to 
proceed with the game, he 
twice left the field to talk first 
with Jackie Hendriks, manag- 
er of the West Indian team, 
and then with Hendriks and 

The match is being played 
not with Surridge balls, as the 
first four Tests were, bur with 
Duke's. When this one lost its 
shape there was no Duke’s ball 
on the Island that had had “a 
similar amount of wear”, the 
only two there were having 
been bashed around by the 
West Indian batsmen. A sec- 
ond-hand Surridge was there- 
fore resurrected and it was 
that which caused Richards to 
take such umbrage. 

Technically, under Law 21 
(“A match shall be lost by a 
side which refuses to play"), 
England, had they wished, 
could probably have claimed 
the match. It was a good 10 
minutes before Richards ac- 
cepted the umpires' ruling and 
yesterday morning, when the 
replacement itself began to get 
soft and Marshall objected to 
it, Richards put on a further 
show of petulance, snapping at 
the umpires and looking not at 
all like the ice-cool maestro we 
so admire. Balls were thrown 
around to the embarrassment 
I think, of the other West 
Indian players. And Holding’s 
wise and dignified counsel 
showed why, when he retires, 
he will be missed for more 
than his bowling. 

All this was to England's 
undoubted advantage, as were 
the frequent no-balls bowled 
by the West Indians. By lunch 
there had already been 27 of 
these and Richards bad been 
driven to bowling both him- 
self and Harper. Slack was 
unflappable and in less physi- 
cal discomfort than Gooch, 
who took several blows on 
arm and body from Marshall 
and Patterson, The pitch was 
playing well and the weather 
was perfect for cricket, there 
being a cooling breeze and 
light cloud. 

Not for some years bad a 
pair of batsmen' from any 
country played through a ses- 
sion undefeated against West 

WEST INDffiS: FhatlnteB* 
C G Gramidgn b Botham . 


D L Mayma c Gatling b Ebon 151 

R B Rfchsnjaon c Slack bEmbway.. 24 

BiBlMMllftri M y 34 

*l V A Cfidwtis c Ooocti b Bottum ■ 26 

•fR JOtyxiO Ftafr 21 

MDMantaHc Gotten b Gooch 76 

R A KHporeLann b Foster 80 

M A Hakflng cGowsrb EKsaa 73 

J Gamer ran om 11 

B P Pstlwson not out 0 

Extras (b2.b11.w1) J4 

ToM 474 

FALL OF WICKETSc. 1-23, 2-40, 3-137, *- 
ITS. 5-232. 6-281. 7451, 8-401, S-460. 
BOWLING: Botham 404-147-% foster 
28-546-2; EBsofi 243-3-114-2; Embwy 
37-11-83-* Gooch 5-2-21-1. 

ENGLAND: Hrst btfogs 

G AOoocfa Bwrb HoMfag — 51 

W N Stock c Greorridgs b Patterson . 52 

R T RoUtaon h Mantel 12 

•D I Gower not out — 70 

A J Lamb c mil b Harper 

M W GsOfcig c Dupm b Gsmar 15 

I T Botham c Harper b Qamar . 10 

tP R Downton e Holding b Gsmor — 5 
R M EBtoon not out . 2 

Extras (b 5,146,04 34) 45 

Tobd (7 wkts) 283 

J E Embwsy and N A foster to tat 
FALL OF WICKETS; 1-127, 2-132. 3-157, 
4-160, 5-205, 6-223, 7-237. 

BOWLING (to date): Mantel 17-341-1; 
Gamer Z0-2-&4-3; Rotter*** 14-2-46-1; 
Hokflog 15-2-50-1; Harper 26-7-45-1; 
Rfchartfs 2-0-3-O. 

Umpires: CCunbeitetcb and L Barter. 

Indies. But this afternoon was 
sadly different No sooner bad 
Gooch followed Slade to his 
50 than he was leg-before to 
Holding, halfback and a shade 
late on the stroke. In the next 
over Slack flicked Patterson 
round the corner where 
Greenidge caught turn two- 
handed in front of his free, in 
the position where Hutton 
used to catch Bradman off 

Had Gower been given leg- 
before before he had scored, as 
he very nearly must have 
been, playing no stroke to 
Holding. England would have 
gone from 127 for no wicket to 
1 33 for three. As in the second 
innings of the fourth Test 
match in Trinidad, when he 
was leg-before, Gower was in 
no position to play the balL 

By tea Robinson and Lamb 
were also out, Robinson again 
away from the line as Marshall 
spread-eagled him and Lamb 
playing too soon to Harper 
and giving a return catch. This 
was the first ball Lamb had 
received from a slow bowler in 
the series and the first wicket 
to fall U) one - in the 507th 
over bowled by the West 

For his first Test innings 
since last August, Gatting 
wore a forearm guard and a 
helmet complete with bars 
across the face. He batted for 
an hour, as positively as 
anyone since he himself was 
last seen. The first bouncer 
Marshall bowled at him since 
breaking his nose with one in 
Jamaica was pulled for three. 
At the other end he was let off 
with Harper and any anxiety 

he may have felt must have 
gone when Gamer came on 
and had him caught at the 
wicket, driving unwarily at a 
wide balL 

Tweaty minutes later 
Botham was out hooking, for 
the fourth time in the series, 
Harper catching him at square 
leg. Downton stayed for half 
an hour before driving Garner 
low to extra cover whereupon 
Ellison survived the last 40 
minutes with Gower, leaving 
the issue of the follow on not 
quite resolved. By then Rich- 
ards had grown even to k>ve 
the ball he had been so keen to 
reject By the time he changed 
it for a new one with 10 
minutes left he had kept it for 
13 overs longer than he need- 
ed and it had brought him 
seven wickets for 176 runs. As 
soon as he did Gower was 
missed in the gully off 

I never expected to see the 
day when England played 
quite such poor, muddle- 
headed cricket in the field as 
they did from lunchtime on 
Saturday until the West Indies 
innings ended 20 minutes 
after tea. It arose from 
Gower’s apparent obsession to 
push Botham past Lillee's 
record of 355 Test wickets and 
Botham's belief that the best 
way of that happening was by 
having the batsmen caught on 
the square-leg or long-leg 
boundary. The result was a 
shambles, in which the most 
forlorn figure of all came to be 
the captain himself 

England had been enabled 
to make something, albeit too 
little; of Friday's favourable 
conditions for bowling by the 
admirable steadiness of 
Emburey. Yet on Saturday, 
while West Indies were ad- 
vancing from 228 for four to 
474 all out, he was given only 
seven overs. Marshall, Harper 
and Holding, batting at seven, 
eight and nine respectively, 
scored 209 runs between 
them, each in tom being 
annoyed at not making the 
hundreds that were on oner ax 
bargain prices. 

In the end. we had to put up 
with the sight of a bowler with 
354 Test wickets being hit for 
13 runs in an over by Holding, 
despite having eight men on 
the boundary. It was a traves- 
ty. nothing less. The firm 
which gave £250 to charity for 
every six hit finished up by 
writing a cheque for £2,000. 
Holding was going for the 
day's ninth six (four of them 
off Botham} when Gower put 
us out of our misery with a 
miraculous catch, somehow 
banging on to a huge skier as 
he ran back towards the 
boundary from wide mid-on. 


Slack leads overseas players 

By David. Hands, Rn^ Correspo»dent 

Andrew Slack, two of whose 
finest moments in a distil 
guished rugby career came last 
season when he captained 
Australia to victory, over 
Wales and over the Barbarians 
in Cardiff will lead the Over- 
seas Unions XV at the Arms 
Park on Wednesday in tire 
first of the two International 
Rugby Football Board cente- 
nary matches. 

The Queensland centre, 
aged 30, retired from interna- 
tional rugby after the Grand 
Slam tour, but returned this 
year. He injured his left leg 

' playingdub ru$ry in Brisbane 
last month, but has recovered 
in lime to (day on Wednesday, 
leaving Andrew Dalton, the 
New Zealand booker, the 
nominated captain of the 
Overseas squad, to take foe 
honours - and make the 
speech at foe concluding ban- 
quet — at Twickenham on 
Saturday. - : 

Only one South African, 
Schalfc Burger, from Western 
Province, is named in the side 
. The team consists otherwise 
of six Australians, six New 
Zealanders, and two French- 

mem Serge Blanco and Ptitrick 
Esteve, which means Twick- 
enham can look forward-on 
Saturday to.. seeing probably 
the two best -centres in the 
world, Danie Gerber, of South 
Africa, and Patrick Sella, of 
France, paired together-. 

(Franco); P Eaton (Ft), A G Stock 

LowrUgo (N Zfc E E Rod 
(Aus), T A Lawton (Aus), G . 

M W Shaw (NZ). S A G I 
SW P B user (SM, 8 P 
- ...i (Aus), M GMestod (NZ). 

More Rugby Union, page 37 


Ftom David Miller, Johannesburg 

These Is a move afoot to gain 
admission to the Cotbibbb- 
weafth Games in Edinburgh 
this summer for another Sooth 
African athlete. Peter 
Ngobeni, the 100 metres win- 
ner of the Johannesburg Cen- 
tenary South African Games 
meeting here at Gernuston, 
has an even stronger claim 
than Zola Bndd. He was bom 
in Swaziland. 

With a superb start, he won 
the 100 metres an the first day 
of a two-day meeting to 10.39 
seconds, and Swaziland repre- 
sentatives attending - the 
Gaines are seeing if they can 

ality, and came 13th in the Los 
Angeles marathon. 

T&e South African Games 
toive not been a success to 
many of the sprats, fad there 
were two or three m^Ukhss 
performances to the athletics. 
-Evette Armstrong set aB- Afri- 
ca records to the two sprints, 
with ll-27sec fer tbe 100 and 
22j55sbc for the 200. In the 
women's 400-metxes hurdles. 
Myrtle Bottima set tfc{ fourth 
fastest time ever -with 
53J&WC, which to osly four- 
teaths of a second oetsrae the 
record Sabine Bosch, -of East 
Germany, set tot year. . 


him to apply for 
n citizenship. His parents 
emigrated to Sooth Africa 
when he was a child. Now aged 
24, he is working in a Western 
Transvaal mine. His job would 
not, 1 understand, be jeopar- 
dized by competing fa the 
Games. David SOnmdri, the 
pesident of the Swazfiand 
Olympic Committee ami a 
member oftbe fOC, is report- 
ed to be fa favour of the 

Glory and 
the gloom 

Robin Brew, the captain, 
and Paul Easter turned in fine 
performances to enhance their 
Commonwealth Games 
chances, but they were not 
enough to stop Great Britain 
from fimshing last in the Sun 
Life swimming international 
at Coventry yesterday. The 
Soviet team secured victory 
with 231 points. Holland woo 
second with 2H and Britain 
third with 192. 

A rare defeat for . Adrian 
Moorbouse meant Britain 
gained only two victories on 
the second day. Brew clocked 
2min 6. 71 sec to win the 200 
metres medley, Easter won the 
200m freestyle in i :53.83. 

United suffer 

Manchester United's first 
division championship hopes 
were dealt a punishing setback 
yesterday when they were 
beaten 2-0 at home by Shef- 
field Wednesday. 

Report, page 36 

Semm: dramatic wfa 

Senna dicks 

- Ayrton Senna of Brazil won 
the Spanish Grand Prix yester- 
day from Britain's ' Nigel 
Mansell after a photo finish. 

Report, page 38 

Sala races on 

Maurizio Sandro Sala, in 
bis Rail RT3Q, extended his 
lead in the Lucas British 
Formula Three motor racing 

Another Sooth African ath- 
lete, the marathon nmner 
Sam uel Hlawe made a similar 
transfer hack to Swazi nation- 

England rule 

England won foe honx 
countries women's hcckei 
championship yesterday wher 
they drew ]-] with Scotian* 
m Largs (Joyce Whiteheac 
wntes). But it was their 2-1 
defeat of Ireland cm Saturday 
which paved the way and pul 
an end to Ireland's hopes ol 
the grand slam. 


Ireland 1; 

&WSSS 1 - — 

Haslam wins 

Ron Haslam had anoti 
“TOfoanding win in the si 
ond round offae Interaatioi 
Motopn* '86 competition 
foe motor cycle meeting, 
nmixton yesterday. He hat 
good sian and made sure 
kept his lead' in the tin 
round series which has o 

J » ” ni