Skip to main content

Full text of "The Times , 1986, UK, English"

See other formats

No 62,431 


EEC imposes 

sanctions only 

for US 

taaKto no * aIiow us 

aascs to be used to launch attacks on 

has vetoedtteose 3 
™jtKh bases on the island 

reniv ya n £ nt i ? to operat ' on its con tin- 
EH« I* 1 ®" for a US air attack, 
fadwimg the removal of most military 
to emergency airfields y 

• The 12 EEC countries decided to 
impose limited diplomatic sanctions on 
Olya, but urged all Sides to act with 

• Britain says it has “compelling” 
evidence of its own of Libyan involve- 
ment in recent and planned future 
terrorist actions 

•er- ... 

. The European Community 
revoked limited diplomatic 
■ ^ nc V oas against Libya yester- 
‘ JV. hut at the same time urged 
restrffl P t on all sdes" in an 
"• reference to possible 

•' US military action. 

After a four-hour emergency 
meeting of EEC foreign mirris- 

. ters called at The Hague to deal 
with the crisis, the 12 nations 
|?sued a communique railing 
for “restrictions on the freedom 

. of movement of diplomatic 
and consular personnel: reduo 
lion of the staff of diplomatic 
and consular missions; stricter 
visa requirements and 
procedures” for Libyan 

The ministers also reaf- 
firmed a ban first imposed on 
January’ 27 on military exports 
to Libya. 

In an obvious reference to 
the threat of a US-libyan 
military confrontation in the 
Mediterranean, the EEC na- 
tions said that “in order to 
enable the achievement of a 
political solution avoiding fur- 
ther escalation of military ten- 
. sion in the region, with all the 
inherent dangers, the Twelve 
underline the need for restraint 
k on all sides”. 

* In a broad-ranging attack on 
the terrorism that las plagued 
Western Europe, in the past 16 
months, the ministers named 
Libya several times In the 
communique, and significant- 
ly. aimed their measures 
against aH states involved in 

By Our Foreign Staff 

.. . The ministers also decided to 

diplomatic invite the Arab states to join 
- with them to “analyze jointly 
and urgently the issue of inter- 
national terrorism." 

The communique the 
EEC nations would instruct 
“experts" immediately to iden- 
tify appropriate measures to 
guand against terrorism, “in 
particular security measures, 
the application of international 
conventions on diplomatic pnri 
consular privileges and immu- 
nities and the safety of civil 

While rejecting anticipated 
economic sanctions, foe EEC 
nations declared that “states 
dearly implicated in supporting 

EEC caution 7 

Reports censored 7 
Leading article 17 

terrorism should be induced to 
renounce such support and to 
respect the rules of internation- 
al law. They call upon Libya to 
ad acconfingty". 

The ministers “reject the 
unacceptable threats made by 
Libyan leaders against member 
stales which deliberately en- 
courage recourse to acts of 
violence and directly threaten 

“Any action of fob sort will 
meet with a vigorous and 
appropriate response on foe 
part of the Twelve." 

That was a dear reference to 
threats by Cblond Oadaffi to 
retaliate against southern Euro- 

From Robert Fisk 

Libya yesterday put into 
operation its contingency plan 
for an American air attack, 
calling a medical alert in the 
country's main hospitals, mov- 
ing its naval vessels to protect- 
ed berths in Tripoli Harbour 
and reportedly flying most of 
its military aircraft from their 
coastal bases to emergency 
airfields in the desert. 

Few foreign workers have 
decided to leave Libya — only . 
one small British oil servicing 
company has ordered six of its 
pean nations. specifically Italy employees to send their fem- 
and Spam, if the US launched a flies home, 
mffilary attack on Libya. There are distinct 

yutragES like foe ones re- however, that foe Libyan an- 
c entiy perpetrated on the TWA thorities are at last beginning 
aircraft and in a discotheque in to realize jnst what a oonfron- 
Berlm can never be justified." ration with foe American 
said foe communique, referring sixth Fleet might entail, 
to recent bombings. while m aintaining their out- 

The limited sanctions were wardly aggressive attitude to- 
S? • as . a com P roin ise, since wards Washington, the 
Britain had proposed the shut- Libyans yesterday again de- 
down of all Libyan People’s uied any responsibility for the 
B ureaux in EEC nations. West Berlin nightclub bocab- 
Britam’s proposal ran into ing and repeated their desire 
stiff opposition from Fiance, that foe Mediterranean should 
Italy and West Germany. become a “lake of peace". 

President Reagan was jester- As expected. Colonel 
day studying whether the Gadaffi’s “People's 
moves against Libya go far Congresses" have made fimr- 
CTOugh to justify railing off foe ther load declarations of re- 
tnreat of swift military action taliation if foe Americans 
by American warships s t and i n g fiitarfr, swearing that Libyan 
by m foe Mediteiranwn. “suicide squads" are in readi- 
_ Hei 7 , Hans-Dietnch ness to assanlt US interests 
Genscher. the West German throughout the world. Western 
Foreign Minister, flew directly diplomats here treat such 
from The Hague to Washing- statements with almost fema- 
ton for consultations today iaj- weariness, if not dfadaht. 

plan in 

with Mr George Shultz, the 
Secretary of Stale, and will 
meet President Reagan at the 
White House tomorrow. 

It is clear that be will urge foe 
Administration not to launch 
an attack on Libya. 

The European response is 
bound to be a crucial element 
in weighing America's next 
move. All foe signs yesterday 
were that a firm decision still 
had not been taken, although 
there were unconfirmed reports 
that the American fleet was on 
foe move. 


■*k *«*• 

Towards a 
common aim 

Mr Sonny Ramphal, 
tells how the Queen 
keeps the 

up baby 

Beating the big 
sleep problem 

Britain bas own 
terror evidence 

By Rodaey Cowton, Defence Correspondent 

Students riot 

Lectures were suspended at 
the Medical University qf 
South Africa near Pretoria 
after 500 black students 
stoned administrative build- 
ings in protest at the presents 
of two white students Page 9 

fi I 

ab 0P A*eS$ a '** 

Pay blamed 

Rising wages were blamed by 

the Government for a .contra 

U ed increase in £ 

manufactured goons .Jsjme 
tumbling raw m^tena) and 
fur! costs ' 

The British government 
considers foe evidence impli- 
cating Libya in recent terrorist 
actions to be “compelling”. 

This emerged yesterday 
from reliable. Whitehall sour- 
ces, who indicated that the 
Government was not' just 
relying on American evidence, 
but also had its own. 

The most likely source of 
British information on Libyan 
government activities would 
be foe monitoring of commu- 
nications at Cyprus, which 
could have intercepted Libyan 

The sources said that the 
“quite convincing” evidence 
related not only to past in- 
volvement, but also to Libyan 
participation in plans for fu- 
ture terrorist activities. 

The Government through- 
out the past few days, during 
which it has shared foe general 
European lack of enthusiasm 
for military action against 
Libya, has consistently argued 
foal any action should be 
within international law, 
which included a right of 
action in self-defence. 

But foe British interpreta- 
tion is that while action 

directly against terrorism may 
be within the law, military 
artion against Libya's armed 
forces would not 

In recent days foe Foreign 
and Commonwealth Office 
has been re-emphasising its 
long-standing advice to Brit- 
ons contemplating going to 
Libya that if they go they do so 
on their own responsibility, 
and that they should think 
carefully first. 

li says that because Britain 
does not have diplomatic 
relations with Libya there is 
only very limited assistance 
that can be given to Britons 
who go there. 

There were unusual levels 
of flying activity yesterday, 
involving Fill bombers, at 
the American air force base at 
Upper Heyford in Oxford- 
shire, with aircrews on a high 
state of alert. 

This was interpreted by 
some as being related to the 
Libyan crisis. But a spokes- 
man at the base said it was 
part of a long planned exer- 
cise, which had been an- 
nounced some months ago. to 
prepare for a Nato evaluation 
of the base’s performance, 
next month. 

few of them doubt that Colonel 
Gadaffi would be prepared to 
involve Italy and Greece in any 
revenge be wished to exact on 
foe Americans. 

In Tripoli Harbour yester- 
day missile boats and a naval 
transport vessel could be seen 
manoeovring to jetties along- 
side merchant ships — pre- 
sumably on foe assumption 
that American pilots would not 
risk bombing them for fear of 
wounding foreign seamen — 
w hile Libyan fighter aircraft 
banked sharply overhead. A 
number of military aircraft 
could be seen rismg from the 
area of the Wheel us Field air 

There has also been more 
military traffic on foe roads 
around foe capital, including 
an Army track pulling two 
large radar dishes draped in 
camouflage nets. A number of 
radio communications vehicles 
have also been moved through 
the city aHd a number of foe 
patrol boats in the harbour 
have missiles dearty visible on 
their decks. Bat a Soviet Navy 
warship, which was tied up at 
Tripoli for more than a week, 
pm to sea several days ago. If 
its presence might have de- 
flected an American attack, 
the Russians were presumably 
not prepared to risk foe 

Meanwhile, hospitals here 
have received fresh supplies of 
blood and plasma although 
there is no apparent sign of 
panic — or depression, 
and businesses were open os 
usual yesterday and the 
country's single daily newspa- 
per contained only a droll 
series of patriotic telegrams to 
Colonel Gadaffi from 
“People's Congresses" in 
Tripoli and Benghazi 

Libyan jets flew reconnais- 
sance missions past the capital 
for much of foe afternoon, but 
air activity along foe coast 
may not continue much longer 
if reports are confirmed of 
Libyan aircraft redeployment 
to the south. 

Miss Sarah Ferguson leav- 
ing the College of Arms in 
London yesterday after her 
own coat of arms was ap- 
proved by the Garter King of 
.Arms in preparation for her 
marriage to Prince Andrew. 

Mr Peter Spurrier, Portcul- 
lis Pursuivant at the college, 
said: “A design has been 
agreed and approved by Gar- 
ter. Miss Ferguson and foe 
Queen. It will be available 
from about foe twenty-first of 
this month in black and while 
and colour.* It is appropriate 
for a person marrying into the 
Royal family to have their 
own heraldic identity” 

Garter, the senior Officer of 

Hurd concession 
may kill Shops Bill 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

Mr Kurd's pledge was greeted 
with unrestrained glee by the 
BilTs Conservative 2 nd Opposi- 
tion critics in the House. 

Madrid and Athens say ‘no’ 

Spain and Greece yesterday 
issued statenents that they 
would not allow American 
bases in l*<eir countries to be 
used to mount attacks on 
Libya (Rodney Cowton 

It emerged that after seeing 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher at 10 
Downing Street on Saturday 
to seek her support for possi- 
ble military action against 
Libya. General Vernon Wal- 
ters! President Reagan's spe- 
cial envoy, secretly flew on to 
Spain, where he had talks with 
Senor Felipe Gonzalez, foe 
Prime Minister, but dearly 

failed to secure his support. 

On Sunday General Walters 
went on to Bonn, where be 
met Chancellor Kohl, and 
yesterday had talks with Presi- 
dent Mitterrand in Paris be- 
fore flying to Rome, where he 
is to meet Signor Bcuino 
Craxi. the Italian Prime 

Cyprus yesterday said it had 
told Britain that its sovereign- 
area bases on the island could 
not be used to assist American 
strikes against Libya. 

The Cypriot Foreign Minis- 
ter, Mr George lacovou, reit- 
erated to the British High 

Commissioner, Mr John Wfl- 
berforce, that foe British bases 
cannot be used 
“ At yesterday’s meeting of | 
EEC foreign ministers at The 
Hague, Britain had been hop- 
ing to persuade foe Communi- 
ty to adopt a number of 
measures which it has already 

These include foe dosing of 
Libyan People's Bureaux, 
which serve as Libyan embas- 
sies: restrictive policies on 
issuing entry visas to Libyans; 
and refusing to grant financial 
guarantees on exports to 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the Home 
Secretary, last night provided 
the Commons opponents of 
Sunday trading with a surprise 
new weapon with which to kin 
to the Government’s Shops BilL 
Opening foe second reading 
debate on the legislation in the 
Commons, Mr Hurd surprised 
his senior ministerial colleagues 
with an off-foe-cuff promise that 
there would be no timetable 
guillotine on the Bill's commit- 
tee debates. 

Senior Opposition sources 
said immediately afterwards 
that they would be tabling 
hundreds of amendments to the 
Bill which, becam e of its open- 
ended consideration and be- 
cause of the extent of all-party 
opposition, could now fail for 
lack of time: 

Mr Hurd’s pledge of unlimit- 
ed debate was delivered in 
response to a question from Mr 
Ted Rowlands, Labour MP for 
Merthyr Tydfil and Rhymney. 
who asked for a guarantee that 
m addition to foe promise of 
free votes there would also be no 
guillotine on committee stage 
proceed! ngs. 

The Home Secretary replied, 
without hesitation :“T will gladly 
give that guarantee." 

Looks of surprise and pain 
passed across the feces of Mr 
John Wakeham, foe Govern- 
ment Chief Whip, and Mr John 
Biflfen, foe Leader of the House, 
and although Home (Mice 
sources said that the matter 
would have been considered 
beforehand, ministerial sources 
said later there had been no 

Some sources tried to make 
the best of Mr Hurd’s commit- 
ment by saying that it might 
have been difficult to make a 
guillotine work. But the result is 
that if foe committee foils to 
reach a quick compromise, the 
BiD will be killed off. 

The Government’s free-vote 
concession bad been delivered 
last week in an attempt to save 
foe Bill's second reading, which 
was threatened with defeat by 
an alliance of Conservative 
backbench and Opposition 

But Mr Hurd warned the 
House last night that if the Bill 
foiled, cither at its second 
reading or in committee, he 
could foresee a spate of arbitrary 
prosecutions under foe present 
law from which traders and foe 
public alike would suffer. 

The Home Secretary said that 
there were four possible com- 
promises that could be consid- 
ered by the Bill's committee: 
local authority discretion; a 
restriction on the hours of 
Sunday trading; an extension of 
the items that could be sold 
legally on Sundays; or a limita- 
tion on the size of establish- 
ments that could legally trade. 

He said that the Government 
had not yet been persuaded that 
any compromise was better 
than complete deregulation. 

Parliament, page4 

Farmers’ revolt likely 

The Conservative Party 
could face a formers' revolt in 
the two rural constituencies 
by-elections on May 8 
Writs for the contests in 
West Derbyshire and foe 
Yorkshire seat of Ryedale are 
expected to be moved in foe 
Commons today or 

Tory Party chiefs are confi- 
dent about holding both scats. 

However, in Ryedale partic- 
ularly. anger over the 
Government's agricultural 
policies and the EEC restric- 
tions on production could 
harm the Tory position amd 
benefit the Liberal-SDP Alli- 

NUT is excluded iron 
talks on new contract 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

Home Newt ?-5 

•h, Art' *“ 


rffirfiafitt *® 
EfeKtRCSS 21-20 

Ciaori . £* 
Diary « 

Law Report 

Sub Room 

W&V&i* 39 

* * * * * 

The biggest teachers’ union, 
the National Union of Teach- 
ers. was exciuded from impor- 
tant talks on pay and a new 
contract last night because il 
could not give the necessary 
undertaking to the local au- 
thority employers. 

The employers wanted 11 to 

call off the industrial action 

continuing in «l>e schools and 

to accept the recent Acas pay 

settlement if 'A . l0 J* 
allowed to take port m the 
talks. The union refused. 

Mr Fred Jarvis, the NUT 
general secretary, said that 
would create an “explosive" 
situation in the schools. The 
decision to exclude foe union 
was taken by the independent 
panel of three appointed by 
Acas and chaired bv Sir John 
Wood after the employers said 
they would no longer negoti- 
ate with foe NUT. 

Mr Jarvis said he deplored 
that the five smaller teaching 
unions, 'had not been pre- 
pared to make a stand. 

Equity is urged to drop ban 

By Richard Dowdea 

Mr Derek Bond, who resigned 
last week as president of 
Equity, the actors' union, over 
the referendum banning mem- 
bers from working in South 
Africa, says he intends to try 
to persuade the onion's council 
not to endorse the referendum 
decision at its meeting today. 

“I believe it is contrary to 
the statutes of foe onion," he 
said yesterday. "The union 
exists to main tain foe rights 
and liberties of its members. 
Ad instruction not to go to 
South Africa is contrary to 
that rule." 

It was the principle of the 
union's role which had led to 
his resignation, not the issue 
of apartheid- “I woeld have 
resigned if a similar rote had 
been taken to stop actors 
working in Israel or foe Soviet 
Union." he siad. 

A referendum held among 
Equity's 32,000 members vot- 
ed in favour of a ban on 
working in South Africa. The 
issue Iras split foe union for 
many years with Mr Bond, 
who has been president for the 
past two years, arguing in 
favour of “bridge- building". 

He has acted in Sooth 

Africa but said yesterday he 
would only act in front of 
nnsegregaied audiences. He 
was trying to organise a 
petition signed by actons who 
refuse to act before segregated 
and fences. He claimed that h 
would have far more moral 
impact than a ban on visiting 
foe country- 

As a member of Equity's 67- 
stnmg council he will be able 
to speak at today's meeting but 
be would not speculate on foe 
outcome of the council vote or 
what would happen if foe 
council failed to- endorse the 
referendum decision. 

H oooo 
1 £5000 
| £9000 







136 3» 
218 09 

Coat of arms approved 

Arms, has specific responsibil- 
ity for designing royal herald- 
ry in conjunction with foe 
grantee, in this case Miss 
Ferguson. So far there is no 
indication wfaat it will look 

Manufacturers of souvenirs 
want to use the couple’s 
heraldry on their Royal wed- 
ding products. 

• The official souvenir for the 
Royal Wedding will be on sale 
from late next month. 

An official programme will 
be sold separately from the 
souvenir, just before foe wed- 
ding day on July 23. 

High society designer, page 20 

From Richard Ford. Dublin 

The family of kidnap victim 
Mrs Jennifer Guinness is 
expected to offer an Ir £50,000 
reward for information about 
her whereabouts, after a week 
of silence from her 

The plan is an attempt to 
break the silence that has 
baffled police and brought no 
does in the hunt for Mrs 
Guinness, aged 48, who was 
abducted from her home at 
Howth, north of Dublin, seven 
days ago. 

Mr John Gnfnness, chair- 
man of foe Guinness and 
Mahon merchant bank, dis- 
cussed offering foe reward 
with detectives, who are grow- 
ing increasingly anxious for 
the safety of his wife. 

In previous kidnaps mem- 
bers of the gang have contact- 
ed foe family to leave 
instructions on how and where 
random demands are to be 
paid. Since a demand for lr£2 
million for the release of Mrs 
Guinness, the police say they 
have heard nothing from foe 
trio led by a man called "the 

Archbishop Donai Caird, 
the Protestant Primate of 
Dublin, said yesterday that he 
would be prepared to act as an 
intermediary if the family 
requested bis assistance. 

With the family closeted at 
their home awaiting a phone 
call police searched 30 trawl- 
ers in Howth harbour and 
raided houses in Dublin, in- 
cluding flats in the Ballymun 
area of the city. Later Mrs 
Joan Sandford, sister of the 
missing woman, said “1 just 
want to talk to my sister 

Mr Alan Dukes, the Minis- 
ter for Justice, visited Raheny 
police station and was given a 
briefing by senior officers 
involved in the search. Super- 
intendent Frank Hanlon said: 
“I hope the delay in hearing 
from the kidnappers does not 
indicate anything sinister. We 
can only assume it is a tactic of 
foe gang." 

Police in foe republic re- 
main convinced that the gang 
is criminal rather than subver- 
sive, but in any event the Irish 
government will resist any 
effort to pay e ransom. It is 
understood that Irish police 
are liaising closely with Scot- 
land Yard and if foe Gardai 
s aspect a ransom is to be paid 
in foe United Kingdom, Dr 
Garret FitzGerald, foe Prime 
Minister, will ask Mrs 
Thatcher to attempt to Mock 

Meanwhile, foe family of a 
suspect detained in connection 
with the kidnapping success- 
folly applied for a conditional 
writ of habeas corpus. Michael 
Cribben was arrested last 
Sunday on suspicion of fire- 
arms offences. The Gardai 
does not believe he was in- 
volved in the abduction. 

O The Times’ 
share-price ccmpeirasR 
has been relaunch eti 
this week as PertfsZo 
Gold, with a daily 
prize of £4,GG3 3?.i e 
weekly prize of 

© You will need the 
new Portfolio Gold card 
to join ir. the game. 
Newsagents have been 
receiving supplies 
throughout last weeh, 
and copies of the 
current Sunday Times 
Magazine contained 
a gofd card. 

9 if you have eny dif- 
ficulty obtaining cne, 
details of where to 
apply appear on page 3 

G Portfolio list page 
26; rules and how to 
piay page 23. 

won today 

® There is £1S,QC3 to fce 
won in today’s Portfolio 
Gold competition - 
£6,003 because no c ns 
won on Saturday cr yes- 
terday, plus today's 
£4,000 prize. 

By Gavin Bell 
Fears of renewed violence 
in Ulster were raised yesterday 
when a man died in hospitd 
after being struck by 2 plastic 
bullet, fired by police during 
rioting in Portadown on 
Easter Monday. 

Mr Keith Vfiiite. aged 20. of 
Lurgan. had been on a life- 
suppori machine at the Royal 
Victoria Hospital in Belfast, 
since being injured in the 
clashes, sparked by a police 
ban on a loyalist parade. He 
had never regained conscious- 

His father, Mr Cecil White, 
immediately appealed on a 
local radio station to loyalist 
militants not to stage protest 
demonstrations over his son's 
death. “Please, please. I don't 
want am disturbances. Please 
keep off the streets." 

Mr Alan Wright, chairman 
of the Ulster (Loyalist) Clubs, 
aiso appealed for calm, but 
said he believed that the police 
shouid make a gesture 10 the 
loyalist community by sus- 
pending, from duty the officer 
responsible until the facts 
could be established by an 

A loyalists’ workers com- 
mittee meanwhile called on 
industry throughout Northern 
Ireland to stop for 20 minutes 
each hour, from 1 i am today, 
as a mark of respect to the 
dead man. 

Credit Cerd Account 2* 



BANK fg 




s^sTvccoltct [j 

^SVSSiOfE 134 rj 

lWJILCliSE 1 W 1 

GaL^Otl 35 50 1 

WCiSbfl' ? 00 j 


t—'.t. ", '-i: 

and have jus! one easy 

Settle your Credit Cards 
H.P. Bank Loans and 
outstanding bills in one go 





|jp> W wy/]ye A* 'Of 


i Immediate decision given E Written Quotations SNolMseharsed 8 
■ Self Employed welcome a Licensed Lenders and Brokers' f. 1 

LOANS UP TO £20,000 any purpose 


FeYtYM 0 27 7 % variable 

maamoum renawftte mi ae vaa* 
'Wucwj m ine e»em oi aartv seuerwni 

PS ffbF: - 

s> - \y 1 

e g £10X00 - 36 Tonlns ■ 95 p m 

Tara! amount rewvtttr ri3.735.2C __ 



W; ■. 

UNI TE0K I NG b'OM.H0 US5 Wl'l^f ER B OUfl NEj$R!Sf 



- — •••-*- 















































Prisons chief appeals 
to officers over 

issue _ 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs G 

A late attempt to avert 
industrial action by the Prison 
Officers’ .Association was 
made last night by Mr Chris 
Train, director general of the 
Prisons Service. 

In a letter to Mr Colin Steel, 
chairman of the officers’ asso- 
ciation, Mr Train suggests that 
debate about manpower is- 
sues. a main cause of the 
dispute, be put to one side for 
die time being. 

He said that there were 
other “matters too important 
to the future of the serv ice for 
that future to be placed in 
jeopardy because of industrial 
action from which no one, 
least of all prison officers, will 
emerge as winners." 

He hoped that Mr Steel 
would be able to agree to 
renew the attempt to resolve 
the service's present 

In a separate development, 
the Adam Smith Institute, the 
free market think-tank, called 
yesterday for e.vperiments in 
the privatization of prisons as 
a long-term solution to the 
present dispute. 

But the officers’ association 

said that the Government was 
already using private enter- 
prise methods without de- 
scribing them as such. Mr Phil 
Hornsby, the association’s as- 
sistant secretary, said: “It is 
totally consistent with the 
aims of the present Govern- 
ment where they are puiting 
profit before people ” 

He claimed that the Gov- 
ernment had been looking at 
American examples of private 
enterprise in prisons. "The 
information we have is that a 
lot of privatization of prisons 
in the United States is largely 
financed ^by British 

The argument about the use 
of private enterprise methods 
in prisons provides a new 
perspective to the present 
dispute. The Government 
wants better value for money, 
but the prison officers say it is 
being sought without consid- 
eration for the safety and 
wellbeing of staff and inmates. 

The clash between those 
two points of view underpin 
the present dispute. The 
Government’s contingency 

plans include the use of troops 
and camps. 

Dr Madsen Pine, president 
of the Adam Smith Institute, 
said that the present dispute 
had brought to a head the 
longer-term problems of the 
prison service, but there were 
solutions other than those the 
Prisons Department was now 

Mr Pirie said that the 
leading private prison compa- 
ny in the US, offered savings 
in the region of 12'/: per cent. 
All the objective measures 
showed that the quality of 
prison life had improved by a 
privatized operation. Recidi- 
vism. complaints, attempted 
suicides, attacks on other pris- 
oners and officers, and mental 
illness were all lower. 

Privatization should cer- 
tainly be introduced into a few 
lest areas in Britain to assess 
its viability. 

But Mr Hornsby said the 
officer’s association believed 
that as incarcerating people 
was the State's final sanction, 
the State should not abdicate 
its responsibility for looking 
after them. 

Jobless scheme in 

fraud inquiry call 

By David Walker 
Social Policy Correspondent 
The Community Pro- 
gramme — the centrepiece of 
the Government’s special 
measures to reduce long-term 
unemployment — has come in 
for strong criticism in a scruti- 
ny carried out under the 
supervision of the Efficiency 
Unit, a small group of Civil 
Servants and businessmen 
which has direct access to the 
Prime Minister. 

A report published > ester- 
day recommended an urgent 
inquiry into possible large- 
scale fraud, involving people 
on the Community Pro- 
gramme being paid a wage 
while claiming unemploy- 
ment benefit. The programme 
should also do more to train 
people rather than just finding 
make-work, it said. 

The Government was urged 
to make more work available 
for the unemployed in the 
National Health Service, the 
nationalized industries and in 

regenerating the inner cities. 

Lord Young. Secretary of 
Stale for Employment, accept- 
ed the criticisms. The prob- 
lems identified by the scrutiny 
were due to “the strain which 
the rapid expansion of the 
Community Programme has 
put on the management and 
the quality of the programme. 
It points to the difficulties of 
going too far too fast." he said. 


is foiled 

The scrutiny of value for 
money was masterminded by 
the Effiency Unit,which is 
located in the Cabinet Office, 
but the actual study was 
carried out by Civil Servants 
in the Department of Employ- 
ment and the Manpower Ser- 
vices Commission. 

An anti-hunt demonstra- 
tion outside Gloucester Cathe- 
dral, where the Queen was 
attending a memorial service 
for the Duke of Beaufort, was 
foiled yesterday by 

’They prevented a small 
group of demonstrators from 
displaying a banner as the 
Queen and other members of 
the Royal Family left the 

The police moved in and 
arrested four people, who were 
later released without charge. 
Two other men were being 
held in connection with sepa- 
rate incidents. 

Buying The Tiroes mm 

Austria Sch 

The scrutineers said there 
was an urgent need for local 
JobCentres. which run the 
Community Programme, to 
tell unemployment benefit of- 
fices about the men and 
women on their books. That 
was needed as a way to 
eliminate fraudulent claims. 

29. Belgium B Fr» 50: 

Canada S2.7S. Canaries Pcs 200: 
Cyprus 70 mils: Denmark DKr 9.00: 
Finlaiui Mkk 9.00: Franco Fra boo: 
Germ an v DM 3 50: Gibraltar 60p: 
Greece Dr 180: Holland GI 3.60: Irish 
Republic 40p: Italy L 2.700: Luxem 
' ’ 45; Madeira Esc 170: Malia 
orocco Dir 

*10 00. Norway 
18: Portugal ~ 

170: Singapore S5 50; Soau 
Sweden Skr 9.00: Switzerland 3 
Francs 3.00: Tunisia Din BO 00; USA 
SI 73. Yugoslavia Din 400. 

One survey found that at least 
7 per cent of people on the 
Community Programme 
could be prosecuted for fraud: 
in other cases too much 
unemployment benefit had 

been pai< 

The Queen, the Duke of 
Edinburgh. Princess Anne, the 
Duke and Duchess of 
Gloucester and Prince Mi- 
chael of Kent appeared un- 
aware of the incident as their 
motorcade swept past. 

There was strong police 

security, involving 1.000 offi- 

cere, for the tribute to the 
Duke, who founded the Bad- 
minton Horse Trials and was 
Master of the Horse for 42 
years until his death in Febru- 
ary, 1984, aged 83. 

During the service the 
Queen unveiled a memorial 
plaque to the Duke. 

Mr Brian Gentleman (left) being escorted from his hostel in west London yesterday 

Spy suspect is suspended 

A junior Civil Servant al- 
leged to have passed aviation 
secrets to Czech intefligeoce in 
London was yesterday sus- 
pended on full pay from his 
post at the Department of 
Trade and Industry. 

Mr Brian Gentleman, aged 
27, a clerical assistant, who is 
alleged to have given material 
on aviation engines and devel- 
opments to Colonel Miroslav 
Merhaat, then aviation and 
military attache at the Czech 
Embassy, during 1983, has 
been questioned by Special 
Branch officers. 

Det Chief Sopt Dennis 
Gunn, who is leading the 
police inquiry, continued in- 
vestigations yesterday as the 
Director of Public Prosecu- 
tions and the Attorney Gener- 
al. who would have to agree to 
a prosecution under the Offi- 
cial Secrets Act, awaited re- 
ports of the case. 

Mr Gentleman, a member of 
the Civil and Public Services 

By Michael HorsneD 
Association, was questioned 
by police after claims on the 
Channel Four television pro- 
gramme, 20/20 Visum, that he 
passed a stream of highly 
sensitive material daring regu- 
lar meetings with Col 

Scottish businessman and a 
former branch treasurer of the 
CivO and Public Servants 
Association, returned to the 
hostel in Nottiag H3L west 
London, were he lives after 
being interviewed by police 
and remained there yesterday. 

The bearded Mr Gentleman 
.allegedly admitted passing in- 
formation about the Europe 
Fighter Aircraft (EFA), 
Nato’s next frontline 

He also reportedly gave 
data about the Rolls-Royce 
RBI 99 engine that powers the 
RAP’s Tornado fighters and 
bombers, and about dvQ aero- 
engine projects. 

No action 

case police 

The police officers who 
starched the home of Mis 
Cynthia .Jarrett, the Wack 
woman whose death ted to the 
Tottenham riot, will not be 


The Independent Police 
Complaints Authority said 
that, after its investigation 
into the. events of October 5 
and 6, the Director of Public 
prosecutions had derided not 
to prefer any criminal charges 
a gaing the police. 

It said it had also agreed 
with a recommendation by the 
Metropolitan Police that there 
should be no disciplinary 
charges against the officers. 

Mrs Jarrett died after col- 
lapsing during a search of her 
home in Thorpe Road, Tot- 
tenham, London, after which 
Police Constable Keith 
Blakelock was hacked to 
death, in rioting on the 
Broadwater Farm estate near 


During the inquest into the 
th of Mrs 

Colonel Miroslav Merhant 

He then voluntarily surren- 
dered to Special Branch offi- 
cers at Scotland Yard. 

Mr Gentleman, the son of a 

He was alleged to have been 
recanted by the Czechs ini 
1982, two years after joining 
the Civil Service. Lately he 
was said to have been handling 
classified information in a 
DTI section dcafinc with mi- 

death of Mrs Jarrett, relatives 
claimed that she bad been 
assaulted by one of four 
officers seanffiing the house 
and she collapsed as a result. 

After what it called its 
•‘comprehensive’’ investiga- 
tion, the Independent Police 
Complaints Authority said ft 
would be recommending to 
the Honie Secretary that 
search warrants issued in En- 
gland and Wales should, m 
future, carry the time of issue 
as well as the date. 

Mrs Jarrett, aged 49, who 
weighed about 18 stone and 
had a heart condition, was 
alleged by her family to have 
been pushed, during the 
search by Detective Constable 
Randall, - and three other 
policemen. . 

But the authority said: “Det 
Con Randall vehemently de- 
nies the allegation that he 
pushed Mrs Jarrett and says 
that he had no physical con- 
tact with her prior to her 
collapse. There is no medical 
evidence that Mrs Jarrett was 
assaulted.” The inquest jury 
returned a verdict of acciden- 
tal death after hearing that 
Mrs Jarrett died from heart 
failure during the search. 

Left in bitter fight for union control 

By a Staff Reporter 

A bitter struggle by rival 
left-wing /actions to wrest 
control from the moderates of 
the Civil and Public Services 
.Association, the largest and 
most politically volatile of the 
Civil Service unions, began 

It comes after the resigna- 
tion of Mr Alistair Graham, 
aged 43, general secretary of 
the 180,000-member union. 

who will become director ot 
the Industrial Society in July, 
and the retirement from the 
presidency of Miss Kate 
Losinska, the veteran moder- 

Militant Tendency is fieM- 1 
ing Mr Kevin Roddy;, 
organiser for the social securi- 
ty section of the CPS A, as its 
candidate for president, and 
Mr John Macreadie, a full- 
time officer, for general 

Mr Geoffrey Lewtas, candi- 
dale for thenon-Trotskyistleft 
Broad Left 84 group: for the' 
post of - general secretary, 
opened hostilities as 'elections 
-for the currently moderate- 
controlled 29-strong national - 
executive began yesterday. 

Mr Lewtas, aged 37, a CRSA 
assistant secretary, con- 
demned Militant Tendency as 
a purely destructive force, and 
said its policy of insisting that - 
the introduction of new tech- 

nology must not lead -to any 
job losses was unattainable. 

Instead Blind -Left 84 
would concentrate. oh safe- - 
guards on pay, . conditions, 
health and safety issued The 
group’s candfdate'fbr tbfc pres- 
idency is Mr Ray Alderson. 

Mr John Ellis, deputy gener- 
al secretary, will stand for the 
moderates as general secre- 


MP says 
he was 


by police 

An MP claimed yesterday 
ibat he was frog-marched by 
police out of Leeds city rail- 
way station after a _ sergeant . t 
adopted a “bully boy ap*j 

proach to him. 

The incident happened on v 
Saturday evening when Brit-. “ . 
isb Transport police were; 
controlling gangs of nvat ' 
Mill wall and Leeds United . : 

Dr Keith Hampson, aged-r 
47 Conservative MP forv, : 
Leeds North West, has made a / 
formal protest to Mr Kenneth’-? 
Ogram, chief constable of the -'i " 
British Transport police,''?;, 
about “cavalier and unjustifi-'t:. 
ably aggressive behaviour” by':.; "• 
the officer towards bystanders.-'.* 

Dr Hampson said he waslv;- 
told that he might receive 
summons for obstruction. He 
said yesterday that he would 
“strenuously deny” that ha 

had broken the law. 

-This raises in my view 
right of the travelling public to V-- 
be treated with courtesy by the ; 
police and not be subjected lot: \ 
unjustified aggression. More. ";;, 
importantly, there is the right 
of a local MP to witness are -V' 
important public issue.” Dr 
Hampson said he was sitting;. 
in a train when he heard a 





noise, which was the surging 
tups of 

forward of both groups 

He then got off the tram, • 
leaving his cases on aboard, . 
and stood observing the inci- 

“The police did aitefrective ^ 
job of clearing the area. Then a*. * . 
sergeant pushed me and - told,'. - 
me to move along, even ’ 1 
though 1 was dearly a regular 

“I explained I was there as; j . 
an MPand his tone got even -7 
tougher and he demanded my; J 
ticket, which I showed him. " ; 0 

“When I asked to see the!;; 
inspector he and a constable- ; ■ - 


,,ir h 

i quite forcibly and;'; . . 
the pair of them frog-marched-. 

mb raia nn porh cnH*» St t : 

me, one on each side, at a; , . 
brisk trot out of the station"'.-; 
with an unnecessary degree of > , 

Football fans 

get damages 


Michael and David Bradley, ^ 
who are brothers and Chelsea 
footbaH - supporters who 
claimed they were assaulted- ; - 
and falsely imprisoned by - : 
police; yesterday accepted T- 
£6,500. -iu settlement of theif - 
High Court damages action. 

- Michadraged 24, of Gu'ch- * 
ester Rd» .North Berated, and 
David, aged 32, -of The Pa-; 
rade, both Bognor Regis, were . 
travelling on the Under- 
ground mom a match Septem- 
ber 1981 when a disturbance 
led to an incident in which „ 
theydaimed they were struck 
with truncheons. 

1 I’t 

Black officers in 

6 join police’ drive 

Black police officers, who 
face taunts of “traitor" and 
“Uncle Torn” yesterday ap- 
pealed for more recruits from 
ethnic minorities to help to 
patrol areas torn by race riots. 

Woman Police Constable 
Hazel Baptiste, aged 24, from 
Tottenham, north London, 
scene of Iasi October's 
Broadwater Farm riots, said: 
“I live and work in Totten- 
ham. I have patrolled the 
Broadwater Farm estate and I 
do get problems from the 
black community. 

“You gel called Traitor' and 
things like that, but you also 
get problems from white 

The 27,000-member Metro- 
politan Police force has only 
288. about 1 per cent, black 
and ethnic minority officers. 

Yesterday, in conjunction 
with the Haringey Communi- 
ty Relations CounciL Scotland 
Yard launched a police re- 
cruiting dri ve aimed at attract- 
ing more black people to join. 

Supt Dick Stacey, police 
community liaison officer, 
said: "Haringey is a multi- 
racial community and we 
must have a multi-racial po- 
lice force.” 

PC Stewart Isaacs, aged 23, 
from Hornsey, north London, 
said: “Racial abuse is nothing 
new. You get called ‘Uncle 
Tom* all through school.” 

PC Colin Parson, aged 26, 

also from Hornsey, said: “You 
grow up with the problem of 
name-calling, so it should not 
be a reason for turning down a 
police career." 

■ Seigeant Chris Snell, aged 
28, from Wood Green, said: “I 
have never encountered any 
problems of dissent among 
white police officers. I have 
had no problems like that 
from my officers.” 

Mr Chris Kavallares, chair- 
man of Haringey Community 
Relations CounciL said: “We 
feel that for the police service 
to be effective it must reflect 
the community it serves." 

• West Midlands police 
have also launched a recruit- 
ing drive among the e thni c 
minority community. 

WPC Baptiste yesterday. 

Call to prosecute 
kidnap advisers 


: m 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

The Attorney General is to 
be asked if he will prosecute 
Control Risks Ltd, a London- 
based Arm of kidnap consul- 
tants, for allegedly breaching 
prevention of terrorism 

The company, which has 
sent a representative to Dub- 
lin afterthe kidnapping of Mrs 
Jennifer Guinness, was also 
acting as a consultant to an 
international supermarket 
chain which allegedly paid 
protection money to the ERA 
two years ago. The Irish police 
have warned the company not 
to become involved in at- 
tempts to negotiate with, the 
kidnappers of Mrs Guinness. 

General if be would prosecute ! 
Control Risks “for soliciting 
and inviting other persons in’ 
discussions in the UK to give 
money to an organization'; 
involved in terrorism, con-, 
trary to section 10 of the 
Prevention ofTerrorism (tem- : 
porary provisions) Act 1984.” V 
■ Mr Campbell-Savoura also 
asked if the Attorney General . 
would prosecute Control J 
Risks and Cassidy Davies “for 
conspiring during discussions, - 
held in London to contravene V 
sections 10 and 11 of the ! 
Prevention ofTerrorism (tem- ‘ 
porary provision) Act 1984.” 

-a si* 

, .1 

'.=*• A 


V fW 

:: :l * 

. i- 4 n 

vi « 



Mr Dale Campbell-Savoura, 
Labour MP for Workington, 
yesterday tabled Commons 
questions to Sir Michael Ha- 
vers over the role of Control 
Risks in plans to give money 
to a terrorist organization. He 
also wants to know if Cassidy 
Davies, a firm specializing in 
kidnap insurance, will be 

He said: “The Irish, 
goveronment is desperately 
eying to prevent the payment 
of these moneys. They know, 
that every penny is spent by 
the IRA on purchasing arms 

and ammunitions.” 

He has asked the Attorney 

• Control Risks yesterday' . 
'maintained a silence on their ' 
role in the search for Mrs 
Guinness but observers be-.. 
lieve they are either advising 
the family or monitoring the 
situation for insurance 

If a ransom were to be paid 
the firm might be involved in . 
organizi n g the negotiations. . - 

In the company's publicity ' 
handout Control Risks de- ■ 
scribes itself as a specialist in ; 
five. types of security opera- ; 
lion which include risk evalu- ... 
alion, emergency planning, .« 
security consultancy, problem 
responses and investigation. 

It claims to have bandied 
over 100 kidnaps and 80 other . 
forms of extortion. 


r iWAt 


- I, 

: •- rrtrfSi 




ue |p 


Austin Reed, the Authority on lOOKING THE PART 

The authentic English trendKoatgenerousl/ajt, 
finely detailed and check- lined in classic International style. £155. 

Art nouveau Mackintosh cabinet fails to sell 



There are times when prof- 
its just refuse to materialize, 
even when the goods are right 
The Charles Rennie Mack- 
intosh cabinet which foiled to 
find a buyer in Sotheby's sale 
in Monaco on Monday is a 
case in point It was bronght in 
atFFr 1 £ million or £1 45,000. 

it turned np in a P hilli ps 
sale at Edinburgh in 1984 
when it quadrupled pre-sale 
estimates to sell for £126300 
to Michael John, a London 
dealer. He consigned it to 
Sotheby’s for sale in Monaco, 
where the firm's big-time art 
nouveau and deco sales are 
held now. 

It was catalogued for sale 
last year but was not given an 
export licence and had to be 
[ withdrawn. Now, armed with 
its export documentation, no 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

’one seems to have wanted it 
The cabinet was designed in 
1898 for an Edinburgh engi- 
neer. It is made from dark 
chestnut and embellished with 
stained glass and embossed 
copper panels designed by 
Margaret Macdonald, 
Mackintosh’s wife, 

The overall effect is still art 
nouveau, as opposed to the 
pioneering geometric simplic- 
ity of his later work. 

Otherwise, Sotheby's sale of 
twentieth-century decorative 
art brought some outstanding- 
ly highprices. 

A winged vase, using con- 
trasting tones of lacquer and 
patiaated metal made by Jean 
Dunand in about t92S, sold for 
FFr 721,500 (estimate 
FFr300.000 to 400,000) or 
£65J>91. The balboas vasd 

stands 15cm high and its price 
sms a new auction record for 
the work of this master of 
lacquer art. 

All the Dmand pieces went 
for high prices. Alow table of 
dark bine lacquer, ornamented 
with egg shell and tortoise 
sbefl, seemed FFr 266,400 
(estimate FFr 180,000 to 
220,0@t) or £24^18. 

The glass was also in strong 
demand with a top prkt of 
FFr 510,600 (estimate 
FFr 300^00 to 50QJ100) or 
£46,418 for a yeOow Galfe 
vase inlaid with flowers. The 
sale totalled £978^596 with 24 
per cent unsold. 

Sotheby’s American sale of 
modestly-priced OM Master 
drawings attracted a big tarn 
old of private collectors and 
.dealers in London yesterday. 

all in search of bargains. 

A faded and oxidized draw- 
ing by Tintoretto, studies be 
made after Michangelo’s < 
“Samson Slaying the;. 
Philistmes’Y sold for £5,830 . 

Two charged 

A Stockport couple aj 
before magistrates in 
port yesterday 

charged with 
burglary and theft of £ 250 , 000 . 
jewellery from the Prince of ■ 

tia! c 

s. A . 

’.v r- i: 




Wales Hotel during a dinner 
on the eve of the Grand- 
National. t 

Jeffery Ernest Taylor, aged •. 
53, and Rita Marie, age d 48; 
his wife, both of Compstail - 
Road, Rorailey, Stockport . 
were remanded in custody - 
until Friday. 



- ■ ■’ i 


X- * .. 

V. Tl 


-ir • 

?• 5*£ 

• '"■3c! 


3 & 


I 1 t' A 

L. ^ 

M*» *» k ■ 

„ ^ *|r.. 
y. . *5V 
5; w 
whir j 



r i : } 

- "-t '■ > 

. .1 i 

n n : vat: 



methods ‘prove best 
for primary schools’ 

By Lacy Hodges, Education Ganepondent 

The best primary schools progressive education needed chikfa 
are those that adopt fairly a cutting edge. The survey, indiv 
traditional Teaching styles, ao- which lists 12 factors making a • S 
cording to a four-year survey good school, would be used as tary c 
which followed 2,000 children an “educational slide rule”, Scien 
through their schooling in she said. teach 

cording to a four-year survey 
It which followed 2,000 children 
through their schooling in 
inner London. 

Th e study, which carries 
some unexpected conclusions 
for the Labour-controDed In- 
ner , London Education Au- 
thority, shows that children do 
best in primary schools where 
the school day is structured, 
where only one subject is 
taught in the classroom at a 
time, and where the teacher 
stands up and teaches the 
whole dass for at least some of 
the school day. 

These conclusions, which 
challenge much of modern 
-primary school wisdom, were 
^welcomed yesterday by Mrs 
Frances Morrell, the Dea’s 
leader. She said that the study, 
by the Ilea’s research branch 
into SO primary schools, 
should cause London's head 
teachers and inspectors to 
examine their schools. 

Mrs Morrell said that she 
had been saying for years that 

... One of the 12 factors is that 

Cannes pupils’ work should be orga- 
*** jyrcjuyy 18 - nized by the teacher, who 
A®" ensures that there is always 
:duc»ti on A p- plenty for them to da Good 
hat Children do effects ^ ^ noted when 
r schools where pupils are not. given unlimited 

15 ■ responsibility for . planning 

n e su bject is their own p ro gram me of work 
nasffoom at a or f or choosing work 

5 e , th V cac 55 r activities. 

1 teaches the 

a least some of The time teachers spend 

communicating with the 
usions, which whole class, as opposed to 
b of modem with individual children, is 
wisdom, were alsn considered important, 
erday by Mrs Most teachers devote their 
dl, the Dea's attention to talking to individ- 
that the study, uals, which means they have 
search branch limited contact. But when 
iary schools, they address the whole class 
xmdon's hpaA they maximize contact, and 
inspectors to 376 able to ask all children 
*ools. challenging questions. 

said that she This finding conflicts with a 
1 for years that commonly held view that 

Shoppers switch 
to healthier food 

By Thomson Preatke,Scknra Correspondent 

Supermarket shoppers are 
switching to healthier foods 
and taking more interest in 
nutritional labels on packag- 
ing. but many are still con- 
fused by advice about their 

was away from red meat, 
foods with a high content of 

animal fefs, mp ^ft ymwy amH 

biscuits, and towards fish, 
white meat, fruit, vegetables 
and wholemeal bread. 
Increased awareness of the 

Most shoppers are aware of the link between some foods 
the links between fatty foods and the risk of illness was 

and heart disease, many are 
grilling food instead of frying, 
and the majority are trying to 

directly attributed to televi- 
sion and radio programmes 
and newspaper and magazine 

reduce their intake of sugar articles in recent months, the 

and salt, a study has found. 

Researchers from Bradford 
University investigated the 
effects of a “healthy eating” 
programme introduced at 
Tesco supermarkets last year 
to give customers more infor- 
-t matron about diet, health and 
the nutritional content of 

Their report, published to- 
day, found that all customers 
questioned at two branches of 
the . supermarket chain had 
recently changed at least one 
aspect of their diet, The trend 

researchers found. 

But such risks were not folly 
understood by some droppers, 
who were confused abont 
dietary advice on cholesterol, 
vegetable margarines and oils. 

The study was carried out 
by Food Policy Research, an 
independent rese ar ch group 
based at the School of Bio- 
medical Sciences at the 

children do better with a lot of 
individual attention. 

• Sir Keith Joseph. Secre- 
tary of State for Education and 
Science, sought to reassure 
teachers about his proposals 
for appraising teachers’ 

He wanted a system that 
would test a teacher's skill in 
"conveying interest and 
understanding”, would in- 
clude head teachers, and 
would not be linked directly to 
pay, he told a conference 
organized by the Industrial 
Society in London. 

Speaking about his educa- 
tion BH1, he said be did not 
want to impose appraisal by 
law, although the Bill contains 
an enabling power. 

Sir Keith said that a system 
of teacher appraisal would 
lead to better-run schools and 
improved promotion proce- 
dures for teachers. 

Sir Keith said bis arrange- 
ments would enable better 

better career promotion pro^ 
cedures and better-run 

Claims all 
by Botham 

Ian Botham, the cricketer, 
said yesterday that only public 
support had persuaded him to 
remain in the game after the 
sex and drugs allegations 
against him. 

Interviewed from Antigua 
by Frank Boogh, of BBC 
Breakfast Time television, Mr 
Botham said; “If it wasn't for 
the public and their support I 
think I would probably have 
thrown it in a year or so ago.” 

He added; “AH I can say to 
the British public is: “Look, I 
am denying the allegations. 
They are totally untrue 1 .” 

Mr Botham, sitting beside 
his wife, Kathy, said: “In all 

Mr Geoff Kofftnan, a 

dr Geoff Koffinan, a consultant transplant surgeon, with James Morahan, aged three, from 
Dublin, who had a kidney transplant 10 days ago (Photograph: Harry Kerr). 

Doctors appeal for kidneys 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 
Doctors appealed yesterday could introduce laws which were willing to donate organs, 
nr more help in the treatment would hdp save the lives of The problem was that doc- 

for more help in the treatment 
of children suffering from 
kidney failure and for more 
donors for transplant 

Almost 100,000 children 
now at school have had infec- 
tions which could lead to 
serious kidney conditions later 
in life. But earlier detection 
could save similar youngsters 
from such risks, specialists 

The waiting list for kidney 
transplants now includes 
3,600 people hot only 1,491 
operations were performed 
last year, Mr Geoff Koffman, a 
consultant surgeon at Guy's 
Hospital in London, said. 

The Department of Health 

hundreds of kidney patients, 
he and Ms colleagues said. 

One reason for the acute 
shortage of kidneys was 
doctors' reluctance to ap- 
proach grievmg relatives for 
permission to use organs. 

But the British Transplant 
Society had “overwhelmingly” 
approved the suggstion that 
the department should follow 
the American example where, 
whenever a potential donor 
died, there was a legal require- 
ment to approach the next of 

Dr George Haycock, a con- 
sultant in children’s kidney 
diseases, said that surveys 
showed 85 per cent of people 

The problem was that doc- 
tors who had fought to save 
someone's life were often re- 
luctant to approach the rela- 
tives to ash permission to use 
the organs after death. 

A report published yester- 
day by the National Kidney 
Research Fund said about 
90,000 girls and 9,000 boys 
now at school had bad urinary- 
tract infection (UTIX which 
could lead to kidney failure 
later in life. 

“Early diagnosis should 
prevent further damage to the 
kidneys. The way to achieve 
this is to try to ensure that 
every child who gets UTI is 
properly investigated,** the re- 
port said. 

Sex killer 
in attacks 
after his 

A pyschopathic sex killer 
carnal out two frightening 
and violent attacks on young 
women, just six months after 
doctors derided to release him 
from a top-security mental , 
hospital, a court was to Id 1 

The release of James Kay, ! 
aged 40, who had spent 14 
years in Broadmoor and Park 
Lane hospitals for raping and 
filing a girl aged 12 had been a 
“tragic mistake”, his defence 
counsel, Mr David Turner- 
Samueis, QC told Lancaster 
Crown Court, where Kay 
pleaded guilty to the two 

Kay, who changed his name 
from Lang shortly after his 
release in April las: year, was 
given a total of six years’ 
imprisonment, after Judge 
Douglas Brown, QC was told 
he was the subject of a licence 
which meant he could be 
recalled to hospital at any 

The attacks, on a girl aged 
16 and a woman agpd 21 in 
Halsall and Southport on 
Merseyside, were carried out 
on consecutive days in 

Two further charges against 
Kay, unemployed, of 
Avondale Road, Southport, 
that he attempted to choke, 
suffocate or strangle the two 
victims with the intent to 
indecently assault them, were 
allowed to lie on the file. 

Mr Tumer-Samuels said 
that Kay, who sobbed quietly 
in the dock had been subject to 
a life committal order under 
the Mental Health Act of 

The court was (old that Kay 
had a long history of convic- 
tions for offences, including 
an indecent assault on a girl 
aged 13, unlawful intercourse 
with a girl under 15, and a rape 

The Times' popular daily 
competition based on share 
prices has been re-launched as 
Portfolio Gold. 

To be in the running, make 
sure you have a Portfolio Gold 
Card, as the oM blue cards are 
now invalid. 

Supplies were made avail- 
able to newsagents last week 
and there was a gold card in 
every copy of the current 
Sunday Times Colour 

probabiy*hawe Airline tempts business with free rail travel 

Michael RaHy 
ransport Editor 

Free first dass rail travel 
from anywhere in Britain is 

being offered by British Cale- 
donian in a fresh drive to 
tempt business travellers from 

by Food Policy Research, an honesty, if I had done one tempt business travelk 
independent research group toith of the allegations that ' Heathrow to Gatwick. 

based at the School of Bio- have been put towards me, I 

medical Sciences at the think my brain would be . mhmw 

university. totally nullified.” * « , fg$ 

ttijt inMiiTj-r Mr Botham said he had ‘•■sill 

gramme, available from Brad- ^amc “P ™ ^ period .. ? • ■■Ko’y 

lord University. £15. of the 60s and 70s. I tried it ■; ... ; 'KiMl 

The offer applies to all B- 
Cal first, or executive class, 
long-haul flights from May 1 
and conveys passengers free to 
Gatwick before the flight, and 
back home again on return 
from overseas. Alternatively, 

from anywhere in the United 
Kingdom, a free night at one 
of Gatwick's hotels, or five 
days' free parking at Gatwick 

The offer is expected to 
bring a further shift to 

passengers have a choice of Gatwick of business traffic, 
free car rental to Gatwick which at present stands 70/30 

in favour of Heathrow, and to 
produce a 10 per cent boost in 
B-CaJ’s own business traffic, 
Mr Alan Deller, B-Cal com- 
mercial director, said 

The free rail offer runs for 
three months. 

If yoa experience difficulty 
in obtaining a gold card, send 
an sae. to: 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 



Remember that there is now 
£4,000 to be won every day and 
the prizemoney will accumu- 
late each day that it is not won. 
The new weekly prize is 
£8,000, and this too is doubled 
each week that it is not 

Portfolio Gold is expected 
substantially to increase de- 
mand for The Times and 
readers are advised to maltp 
sure their copies are ordered at 
the newsagents. 

Player struck 
soccer referee 

A player who attacked a 
referee during a football 
match was given a three- 
month prison sentence, sus- 
pended for two years, by * 
magistrates at Birkenhead 
Phillip Kearney, aged 22, of 
Tamworth Way, Birkenhead, 
Merseyside, admitted assault- 
ing Mr John Mclvoy, a Chesh- 
ire Football Association - 
referee, who had to receive 
hospital treatment after being 
struck in foe face. 

Widow gets 

A woman whose husband 
was lulled by a hospital blun- 
der during an operation to 
cure double vision was award- 
ed £95,000 damages in the 
High Court yesterday against 
the Central Birmingham Re- 
gional Health Authority, 
which admitted liability. 

Appeal to Schools to 
Thatcher ‘adopt’ 
on women scientists 

on women 

By Sheila Gunn 
Political Staff 

The Prime Minister Ira 
M come under attack for not 
* putting other women into 
positions of power. 

A survey carried out by 
Miss Harriet Harman, Labour 
MP for Peckham. shows that 
only 15 per cent of ministerial 
appointments to advisory 
bodies went to women. A total 
of 743 men and 49 women had 
been chosen to be heads or 
deputy heads of these bodies. 

Miss Harman is urging Mrs 
Thatcher to impress on her 
ministers foe need to listen to , 

“Women make up more | 
than half foe population, yet 
Mrs Thatcher dearly thinks 
women do not have much to 
offer,” she said. “The Govero- 
0 ment is missing out on. a 
wealth of expertise, talent and 
advice. It should look again at 
its selection procedures for 
these ‘public* bodies.” 

She said that there were few 
women on bodies such as the 
standing conference on crime 
prevention, foe advisory panel 
on foe importation of sexually 
explicit films for health pur- 
poses and foe advisory com- 
mittee on advertising. 

By B31 Johnstone. 
Technology Correspondent 

Britain's youngsters are to 
be encouraged to becoane room 
interested hi science and tech- 
nology by adopting their own 
expert Schools are to make 
their choice from a register, 
now bong .compiled, of top 
scientists and tecfessofeigists. 

Lasers, c om p uter s and other 
scientific equipment no longer 
required by fafostvy are to be 
given to foe schools also to 
hefe wifo studies. 

The campaign is foe inspi- 
ration of foe Biraish Science & 
Technology Trust, which was 
set up is London last January 
1 to promote interest fa science. 

The adopted experts win 
visit foe schools several times 
a year to talk to staff and 
pupils about their work, and 
channel their redund an t srien- 
tifk equipment in foe direction 
of scheoL 

More than a dozes top 
British companies, among 
them British Aerospace, Gen- 
eral Electric and Rolls-Royce, 
are taking part. 

All the companies have 
expressed concern that not 
enough yo u ngsters are being 
en couraged to take an 
in science and tedraofaMT. 

of the 60s and 70s. I tried it 
and it didn't do anything for 
me — end of story.” 

. Mr Botham said foal be had 
met foe former Miss Barba- 
dos, Lindy Field, who is 
reported to have spoken of sex 
and cocaine-sniffing sessions 
with him. “So did probably 
half the guys,” be said. 

He dismissed allegations 
that he had taken cocaine. 
“Allegations of a player hav- 
ing to use cocaine or some- 
dung to play cricket when you 
are on a field six horns a day 
are really just too ridiculous to 
even contemplate.” 

Adoption for 
boy of 7 in 
custody fight 

A boy aged seven at the 
centre of a custody battle is to 
be stopped from seeing his 
parents and put up for adop- 
tion after aHigh Court ruling. 

Mr Justice Sheldon at foe 
High Court in London yester- 
day approved Surrey County 
Council's plan for foe boy’s 

The parents, who both suf- 
fer from mental illness, initial- 
ly placed him voluntarily with 
foe council for two months in 
May 1981 and a care order 
was later extended. 

. In November last the 
mother won the right to 
resume seeing her son, which 
had been stopped in August 
The council made foe boy a 
ward of court and lodged an 

fee said the council 

x a 1 a 1 5nouiu uc applauded for turn- 

Nurses stole presents a*- y&fsj 

1 will he take 
you with hini? 

W vh 


Two male nurses who stole 
Christmas presents from the 
lockers of patients at Moss 
Side Hospital, Maghull, 
Merseyside, were each jailed 
for three months yesterday at 
Liverpool Crown Court. 

eluding tobacco and' 
chocolates by mmng patients* 

The court was told that the 
men, who had a total of 13 
years service at the hospital, 
lost their jobs after the thefts, 

ous, cases. 

Drugs line 

A free telephone service to 
encourage the public to help 
catch drag traffickers was 
launched yesterday by Sussex 
police. The drugs line wifl be 
manned by detectives and 
callers can choose to remain 

Joseph Kelly, aged 30, of which they committed in No- launched yesterday by Sussex 
Maghull, and Graham vember last year. police. The drugs line wifl be 

Rawlings, aged 26, of Judge Wickham said the manned by detectives and 
Burscough, Lancashire, ad- men committed an utterly callers can choose to remain 
mitted stealing property in- contemptible crime. anonymous. 

Commercial court study welcomed 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Plans by Lord Haifaham of 
St Maiytebone, the Lord 
Chancellor, to ease the work- 
load of the cammerral court m 
London were welcomed by 
lawyers yesterday- 
This was in spite of foe fact 
thqf they had recently pro- 
duced their own report to cut 


There was some concern 
that another study was tote 
undertaken so soon alto that 
by foe commercial practioaers 

Chancellor h» 


consultants. Coopers and 
. A rcnrieteS. tO IffiSlIa Ut 

in Which commercial 
amU be improwJ « 

part oT its review of the main 
areas of civil business fa foe 

- Mangement consultants 
have also bees appointed to 
look at personal injuries, sural] 
claims, debt and bousing. 

In the sphere of commercial 
litigation, foe cossultaiits will 
look In purticnlar at the work 
of tbe c om me rcial court, where 
current cases expected to last 
four weeks or more were not 
betas siren hearing dates 
before 1988. 

The LwdChanceflor^s De- 
partment says there is room to 
simplify proceedings and thus 
reduce delay and cost. 

Owe member of the working 
group of lawyers who produced 
a detailed report on 

merexa] court fa January, said 
yesterday that then- proposals 
had the support, in general, of 
the profession and he hoped 
foe raangement consonants 
would include them. 

Rot there was some concern, 
he added, foe wmm Hmft 

had been appointed fa the 
wake of the considerable work 
of the committee. 

The lawyers’ committee said 
strongly hi its report that there 
needed to be non commercial 
judges. But If that was rated 
out by financial constraints, 
then there needed to be radical 
reforms of procedure, faclad- 

Many thousands of the 21,667 companies 
which foiled last year went down simply’ because 
their customers did 

The truth is that bad debts aren't just 
frustrating and damaging. They can and do kilL 

£5000 BAD DEBT = £100,000 LOST TURNOVER 

For example, if you make 5^ pre-tax profit 
on turnover, writing off a bad debt of only 
£5000 means that you have to find and service 
£100,000 of extra business just to repay the loss. 

Obviously', it's no more sensible to leave your 
company unprotected against such a potentially’ 
‘ lethal risk than to leave your premises uninsured 
against fire. 

Insure your credit with Trade Indemnity’ and 
the risk is no longer a problem. 


When a debtor has become insolvent, this 
tailor-made insurance makes sure you get 75%- 
- 90% of the money' heewes you within 30 days of 
confirmation of debt 

That takes a load off your mind when you are 
signing a big contract or when you depend heavily 
on a few large customers. 

The cover is equally’ effective for export credit 
and can even protect you against political risk. 


Using our credit performance data bank (one 
of the largest in the UK) and drawing on our 
wide experience of credit management, we also 
help you avoid bad credit risks, before they 1 turn 
into bad debts. 

Talk to your brokers about Trade Indemnity 
Credit Insurance now, before one of vour 
customers brings you down. 

Or post the 
coupon and 
we'll send 
you one of 
our comp- 

Post to; sheila Burman, Marketing Dept. Trade Indemnity pic, 12-3^ Great Eastern Street. London EC2A5AX. 
Telephone: 01-*39 -»31 1 □ UK Credit Insurance 

Please send me farther details on CrtsdU Inajrarwe. I am m Q Export Credii Insurance \ 


.Tel. No., 

by cMBsel fa court and rathe 
qtostity iff documentary evi- 

Tumcwr: under £lm O £l-2md £2-5mCJ £5-10mO XIOm plus CD tick which is applicable 

Tirade Indemnity 



Shops Bill debate 

Petrol price war 

MPs get every opportunity to 
test Sunday shopping options 


The arrangements designed to 
enable the Commons to have 
areasonable chance of thor- 
oughly testing all the alter- 
natives to complete 
deregulation of Sunday trading 
were outlined by Mr Douglas 
Hurd, the Home Secretary, 
when he moved the seocond 
reading of the Shops Bill in the 

He cave an undertaking that 
there would be no guillotine on 
the later singes of the BilL 

He also made clear that the 
Government would not seek to 
reverse in the House of Lords 
decisions taken by the Com- 
mons on the free vote which 
would be available for all mem- 
bers of the Government side or 
the House. 

The Government had not 
heard of any compromise 
prosposals which were pref- 
erable to the simple proposition 
in the Bill. The I95G Act was 


Mr Hurd said the employment 
provisions in the Shops Act 
1950 as they applied to adults 
were outdated and ovcr-rcsiric- 
uve. The Government did not 
think the changes it was propos- 
ing would alter the number of 
hours that shop workers were 
asked to work, because the 
labour market had secured for 
them hours that were well 
within the potential hours deter- 
mined by the present law. 

A large body of opinion - he 
believed a majority, though not 
the most articulate — did not 
believe it was sensible that 
shops could open when people 
were at work, but not when 
people were free to go shopping. - 

There was a large body which 
wanted to keep Sunday speciaL 
(Conservative cheers) That 
went well beyond the ranks of 
regular churchgoers. 

Those were the two bodies of 
opinion and many people be- 
longed to both. (Labour 

Many of us (he said) see no 
contradiction between believing 
that the 1950 Shops Act is 
unworkable and should go and 
wanting to keep Sunday special. 

Many people seemed to argue 
as if the special nature of the 
English and Welsh Sunday had 
been enforced by the kind of law 
enisling now. That was not so. 

None of these activities were 
necessary. All required staff. 

Nearly nine million people 
now worked on Sunday. He 
could not make out what was 
uniquely harmful about a shop- 
ping expedition or why §oing 
shopping disrupted family life in 
a way the olher activities did 
not, or why the criminal law 
should continue to be used to 
prevent it. 

He certainly wanted to keep 
Sunday speciaL He felt strongly 
about Sunday and enjoyed a 
traditional Sunday. The 
churches were entitled to per- 
suade and set an example and he 
wished them well in that. 

But he thought it a sign of 
weakness to say one was entitled 
to wield the criminal law to 
regulate an area which for most 
people was not criminal in an 
increasingly vain attempt to 
prevent people doing what 
otherwise out of convenience or 
necessity they might wish to do. 

which bad commended itself on 
a free vote in the Commons. 
Mr Robin Mixwell-Hyslop 
(Tiverton. O. said that on a 
previous occasion, rt had been 
said that in a free vote, ministers 
and parliamentary private sec- 
retaries were expected to rely on 
the advice of the Chief Whip on 
how to vote. 

Mr Hard replied that the free- 
dom of the vote on committee 
and report stages would be for 
all MPs. 

Mr Charles Irving (Chelten- 
ham, C) asked whether there 
would also be a free vote on 
third reading. 

Mr Hurd replied that the Bill on 
third reading would be as 
formed by the House on a series 
of free votes. 

The Bill would be r e fe r re d to a 
special standing committee. 

Mr Edward Rowlands (Merthyr 
Tydfil and Rhymney, Lab) 
asked on a point of order for a 
guarantee that there would be 
no guillotine on the debates on 
the BilL 

Mr Hurd: 1 gladly give that 

The special standing commit- 
tee would give the interests 
involved a dear opportunity to 
put forward proposals on the 
ground which repeal of the 1950 
Act would leave clear. He hoped 
that critics of the Bill would take 
the opportunity to move from 
criticism to construction. 

The question is not whether 
Sunday should be kept special 

The BiD should not proceed 
further because, in the literal 
meaning of the word, it was 
nonsense. Clause 2 maintained 

(he said) but what precisely the 
role of the law should be in that 

Hard: No preferable 
alternatives put forward 

Surveys suggested less than 30 
per cent of shops would open ail 
the year round which compared 
with 20 per cent in Scotland 
where there was no law against 
it. He believed, as in Scotland, 

there would be plenty of volun- 
teers to man those shops which 
did open. 

There could not be certainty 
about the net effect on sales or 
jobs. What was certain was the 
unfairness of the present law. 
Abroad there was a trend to- 
wards more flexible shop hours. 

The third option was for a 
compromise between the the 
existing Act and the total de- 
regulation in the Bill. There had 
to be some principle on which 
compromise had to rest if it was 
to be fair, enforceable and 

Many suggestions had been 
put forward by the Aufd 
Committee and in the House of 
Lords: for some form of local 
option involving in some way 
local councils despite their 
strong opposition to becoming 
involved and the complications 
which could result: some com- 
promise on the bouts permitted 
on Sunday; a proposal to extend 
the list of items which could 
legally be sold; and a proposal to 
limit the size of shops which 
might open. 

It was desirable that a mea- 
sure which touched Sunday 
should be as widely accepted as 
possible in the House and 
outside. The Government had 
not so far been persuaded that 

At the high moment of the 
Victorian Sunday, there was no 

Victorian Sunday, there was no 
effective law forbidding Sunday 
shopping. It was only in 1936 
that the law was brought into 
something like its present shape. 

There were three options: 

® to continue a 50-year 
experiment which brought in 
criminal law to regulate shop- 
ping on Sundays - an experi- 
ment which he thought, in its 
present form, was collapsing: 

G to rely cn trying persuasion 
and example, as in Scotland: 

• to see if compromise or a 
middle way was possible. 

The 1950 Act, with its ludi- 
crous contradictions, no longer 
commanded respect or compli- 
ance. so enforcement was 

in the first nine months of 
1985. there had been 550 cases 
of prosecution over Sunday 
irading. Yet. more than that 
number could be found open on 
a Sunday within five miles of 
the Palace of Westminster. Most 
people now shopped on Sun- 
days. buying items that were 

role of the law should be in that 

The arrangements he had 
outlined gave the House a 
reasonable chance thoroughly to 
test all the alternatives to the 
simple proposals for deregula- 
tion and the Government would 
not try to reverse any alternative 
which had commended itself to 
the House on a free vote. 

They first needed the decision 
on second reading that the 
present (aw would not do. The 
ground had to be cleared before 
deciding whether to protect the 
ground as an open space or to 
erect some other building. 

if they decided to leave the 
law as it was, be foresaw a good 
deal of indignation from the 
wider public (laughter), a spasm 
of arbitrary prosecutions under 
the 1950 Act from which traders 
and public would suffer alike. 
and a further collapse of the Act 
into disrepute. The law was in 
decay and that was bad for alt 
Mr Gerald Kaufman, chief 
Opposition spokeman on home 
affairs, said the offer of a free 
vote in committee was only 
meaningful if Tories voted 
against the Bill on second 
reading in sufficient numbers to 
gain substantial representation 
on the standing committee so 
that it was not packed with 
lobby fodder. 

Tories could vote against 
second reading in complete 
confidence because in a letter in 
British Weekly recently, Mr 
Michael Alison (Selby, C). Par- 
liamentary Private Secretary to 

any particular compromise of 
which it had heard was pref- 
erable to the Bill but it was going 
to enter the discussion of the Bill 
in detail with an open mind. 

Since the Government was 
persuaded that the present Act 
would not do. it invited its 
supporters to join it tonight to 
repeal the Art's unworkable 
provisions. Neither the Govern- 
ment Chief Whip (Mr John 
Wakeham) nor himself would 
wish or expert that invitation to 
result in MPs voting against 
their consciences. 

If the Bill received a second 
reading the Chief Whip would 
in committee and at report stage 
underline the approach by doing 
his best to encourage attendance 
and men by arrangement for 
there to be a free vote on 
amendments for Conservative 

illegally sold. 

The Bill did not compel 
Sunday opening. It left the 
decision to the choice of shop- 
keepers and customers. 

Two things continued to 
worry him about the position of 
those who wanted to preserve 
the status quo or something like 
it He could easily understand 
those who would wish to keep 
Sunday special and would re- 
strict what people did to what 
was necessary. 

But most people look a 
different view and thought it 
pretty harmless to fill up a car 
with petrol on Sunday, to take 
the family out to lunch, to visit a 
leisure centre or stately home. 


The Government would not 
seek to upset in the House of 
Lords any alternative approach 

Kaufman: The law shook! 
be enforced 

the Prime Minister, had said 
that a whip was a summons to 
attend and they coukl vote in 
accordance with their own 

He knew, as one who had 
spent some time in 10 Downing 
Street, that such a letter could 
not have been written by the 
PPS without the knowledge and 
authority of the Prime Minister. 

other than vote against it. 

It would have been wiser to 
have found a better answer to 
the problem of enforcement of 
the Sunday trading law before 
bringing in legislation that so 
many people disliked. 

Government move on boycott of local papers 


The Government will shortly he 
considering what action is nec- 
essary where local authorities 
discriminate against local news- 
papers for political reasons. 
Lord Elton. Minister of Slate for 
the Environment, said during 
questions in the House of Lords. 
Lord Harris ofGreenwich(SDP) 
had asked what the Govern- 
ment proposed to do about local 
authorities declining to ad- 
vertise in local papers on party 

grounds despite the fact that 
those publications had the larg- 
est circulation in the area. 

Lord Elton; The Government is 
aware of this problem and 
shares his concern. 

The evidence which my 
department and others gave to 
the Widdicombe inquiry drew 
particular attention to decisions 
taken by some authorities to 
withdraw their custom or facil- 
ities from local newspapers for 
political reasons. 

The Government will con- 
sider the need for action in the 
light of the inquiry’s report. 

which is expected shortly. 

Lord Harris of Greenwich: In 
the case of the local authority in 
Islington, to take one example, 
an advertising boycott is di- 
rected at the local weekly paper, 
the Islington Gazette. 

This has been condemned by- 
opposing members of the coun- 
cil and the local auihoriiy 
Ombudsraan. Despite that, the 
local authority is continuing the 
spiteful boycott against a small 
weekly paper. 

Lend Elton: The Government is 
aware of the increasing tendency 
for some authorities to apply 

political tests in addition to 
their commercial judgement in 
decision taking. 

The Government r^rets that 
development and will look to 
the Widdicombe report when 
giving a dear exposition of the 
alternative options open. 

Parliament today 

Commons (230 Y. Timetable mo- 
tion on Social Security BilL 
National Health Service 
(Amendment) Bill, second 

Lords (2.30): Education Bill, 
committee, second day. 

Coal board | 
to push for 
more sales 
in Europe 

Shops Act 'protection for work- 
ers, while Schedule 2 removed 
iL Removal of Shops Art protec- 
tion was one of the main reasons 
the Opposition would vote to 
reject it 

Shop employees, one tenth of 
the working population, seeded 
protection. They were some of 
the most disadvantaged and 
vulnerable employees. 

A major gap in the Home 
Secretary’s speech was bis fail- 
ure to stare dearly what the 
Government intended to do in 
this Bill about Siops Art protec- 

This BiD would enable shops 
to open for 24 hours* day seven 
days a week. Yet under it shop 
workers would have no immedi- 
ate legal protection against disci- 
plinary action or even dismissal 
if they refused to work late at 

The Bill would abolish the 
statutory limitation that pre- 
vented Sunday working for 
more than two Sundays in a 
month. Worst of all, h would 
ultimately result in forcing all 
shop workers to work on Sun- 
days whether they wanted to or 

Employers were preparing for 
the new situation already. A job 
application form in his pos- 
session asked applicants to sign 
the declaration; “I agree to work 
on bank holidays, Sundays and 
overtime as required". 

It was the considered view of 
the Association of Chief Police 
Officers that Sunday opening 
would increase crime. 

Mr Kenneth Clarke, the Pay- 
master General: Is it the opinion 
of the Opposition that the local 
authorities should begin a drive 
to enforce the present law? 

Mr Kaufman: We believe that 
the law should be enforced and 
that the law should be respected, 
and we believe that should be 
done by Wool worths as much as 
by the National Union of 

Some MPs listening might 
well think what had Sundays to 
do with him. It was undoubtedly 
true that Sunday was not his 

My father (he said) was a 
Jewish immigrant to this coun- 
try from Poland, a factory 
worker all his life. He never 
earned very much of a wage. He 
had a large and growing family 
to house, clothe and feed, but 
whatever it meant to his 
employment and promotion 
prospects be would never accept 
a job which required him to 
work on his Sabbath. 

For him, in his hard-working 
and often toilsome life; the 
Sabbath was held precious, a 
tranquil island in the stormy sea 
of the week. That is bow many 
millions of people in this coun- 
try feel about Sunday. 

Even at ibis laie stage, I 
advise the Government to with- 
draw this BilL I advise the 
Government to call a con- 
ference of all interests, the 
churches, trade unions, the 
retailers, small and large, and 
the parties represented in this 
House, and try to work out an 
agreed change in the law that 
would be widely acceptable. 

Mr Francis Pyra (South East 
Cambridgeshire, O said the BiU 
would impoverish people's lives 
and that was why be would vote 
against it. In time it would 
change the character of Sunday 
and have art effect that the 
nation would live to regret. 

The motion should have been 
on a free vote but the Govern- 
ment had insisted on a three line 
whip. Its undertaking of free 
votes on committee and report 
stages was a contradiction: the 
second reading vote related to 
the principle of the BiU and that 
principle was deregulation. And 
anyone against that principle, as 
he was. could not in honour do 


cisions in respect of two pits in 
his constituency. He called for 
an independent inquiry - a call 
later endorsed by Mr Stanley 
Orme, chief Opposition spokes- 
man on energy matters. 

Mr Walker said any indepen- 
dent inquiry should not be 
confined to two pits but ought to 
cover the whole industry com- 
pared with other forms of 
energy. (Conservative cheers). 
Mr Jack Donnand (Easington, 
Lab) said: Industrial relations in 
the mining industry are worse 
than for many years and are 
caused largely, though not en- 
tirely, by the Chairman - not 
only during the strike but since. 
Will Mr Walker seek to hasten 
Mr MacGregor's retirement? 
(Conservative protests and cries 
of -No.") 

WflJ Mr Walker realize that 
far more than that needs to be 
done? Will he meet the full 
hoard and stress to them that 
maximum efficiency will not be 
obtained until the good will of 
the miners has been achieved? 
Mr Walker said productivity in 
the coal industry was now for 
higher than it had been at any 
time since nationalization. 
There had to be some apprecia- 
tion of a management which 
had achieved levels of 
productivity which gave the 
industry for more chance of 
surviving and competing. 

Mr Orme asked Mr Walker to 
ensure that fluctuating oil prices 
were not .used against the min- 
ing industry, certainly not by the 
Central Electricity Genrating 

Mr Walker said a past Labour 
Government's nationalization 
of electricity placed a statutory 
duty on the CEGB to produce at 
competitive and economic 
prices. (Conservative cheers). So 
criticizing them now for 
attempting to do that amounted 
to Mr Orme criticizing a Labour 
Government's legislation. 

Arts disaster 

forecast being 
proved wrong 

All the worst forecasts about a 
disaster in the arts resulting 
from abolition of the GLC and 
metropolitan county councils 
had proved wrong. Mr Richard 
Lace, Minister for the Arts, said 
during question time. 

Mr Norman Buchan, Oppo- 
sition spokesman on the arts, 
said that Mr Luce was advanc- 
ing the proposition that the 
Government should rely on 
private sponsorship and ami for 
means for expansion of funding. 

ft means that, against the 
position of cutbacks, of £90 
million lost by abolition of the 
GLC and the metropolitan 
counties — and it is not refunded 
— we are relying entirely on 
private funding and the effect 
will be decline. 

Mr Luce said that things were 
going well for arts organizations. 

We are committed (he said) to 
keeping up our support of the 
arts. Expansion and growth is a 
partnership between Govern- 
ment, local authorities, and the 
private sector and the private 
sector may have an even more 
predominant role than it does. 

Mr Nick Raynsfbrd, who won 
the Fulham by-election last 
week for Labour from the 
Conservatives, took his seat in 
the Commons. 

Motorists able to 
choose where 

petrol cheapest 


The National Coal Board had 
taken a particular interest in 
improving its marketing po- 
sition in Europe - indeed, the 
whole international market. But 
the fell m oil prices had embar- 
rassed and caused difficulties for 
coal industries throughout Eu- 
rope, not just Britain’s, Mr 
Pets Walker, Secretary of State 
for Energy, said during ques- 
tions in the Commons. 

He was answering Mr Patrick 
McNair- Wibon (New Forest, 
C) who had said that lower oil 
prices would increase com- 
petition among world coal 
producers, and Britain had the 
biggest coal industry in the 
European Economic Commu- 
nity. Had the National Coal 
Board given any indication that 
it would move to encourage 
sales, particularly in Europe 
where some currencies were 
relatively stronger against 

Mr Walker added that the NCB 
and tire Government were giv- 
ing even consideration as to the 
range of alternatives. 

Mr Roy Mason (Barnsley Cen- 
tral. Lab) said vast sums of 
taxpayers' money had been lost 
because of bad investment de- 

The consumer had the opportu- 
nity to exercise his choice over 
petrol prices, Mr Atick Bo- 
chaBan-Satitb, Minister of State 
for Energy, said when asked in 
the Commons what steps be 
took to monitor the pump price 
of motor fuel. The wide variety 
of petrol prices demonstrated 
the freedom which consumers 

enjoyed, he added. 

Mr Christopher Chope 
(Southampton, lichen, C) com- 
plained that some major suppli- 
ers were still charging I Op a 
gallon more than they needed 

He invited the minister to 
take the opportunity to pay 
tribute to independent retailers 
for their great work to bring 
down prices to ordinary 

Mr Bnchanan-Smitfa: What is 
highly significant is the very big 
variety in petrol prices. It is up 
to motorists to purchase their 
petrol from cheaper sources if 
they believe tbe pnee is too high. 
Mr Dennis Skinner (Bolsover, 

La by. It is a finmy sort of 
Government that tells the peo- 

Govemment that tells the peo- 
ple in the oil industry it cannot 
interfere in the price of their fuel 
yet. when it comes to gas and 
electricity, is prepared to do so. 
Why these doable standards? 
Mr Bachanan-Sarith: For the 
very simple reason that this 
energy is in private hands. 

Mr Anthony Beaumont-Dark 
(Birmingham, Selly Oak. C) said 
it was important if petrol 
companies were to respond to 
the market rather more readily 
than they did that successive 
Chancellors of the Exchequer 
did not use oil prices as a milch 

Mr Buchanan-South: No doubl 
he will direct his views to the 

There is good reason for lower 

petrol prices at present and a 
number of companies have 
perfectly properly shown the 
way. There is scope for oil 
companies and I hope they 
respond to it 

Mr Alton Regers (Rhondda, 
Lab): is he saying this Govern- 
ment gives special treatment to 
energy sources that arc in pn- 
vate hands as compared with 
those m public hands? 

Mr Badratsu»-Snuite l said that 
wc have already seen the scope 
for independent companies to 

charge lower prices .for the 
benefit of the consumer. 

Sir Anthony Meyer (Clwyd 
North West, Q: Does he find it 
odd that petrol prices on motor- 
ways are virtually identical at 
every pomp? 

Mr BachaaaB-Saith: I have not 
personally made a study of 
petrol paces along motorways, 
but along other major routes 
one finds a big variation be- 
tween one filling station and 
another even in dose proximity. 

If he has any evidence, I hope 
he will draw it to the attention of 
the Department of Trade and 
Industry or the Office of Fair 
Trading. There are powers to 
deal with any anti-competitive 

Mr Stanley Orme, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on energy: It 
is a scandal, some of the prices 
that are being charged at 
present What action will he 
take to deal with this problem? 

Mr Bodunan-Smith: The con- 
sumer has the opportunity to 
exercise his choice when there is 
a wide variety of petrol prices. 

Political post or 
Civil Service 


Mr Tam DalycD (Linlithgow. 
Lab) questioned whether the 
position of Mr Bernard Ingham. 
Press Secretary, at No 10 
Downing Street, was tenable any 
longer. Dissatisfied with replies, 
he indicated he would seek a 
Commons adjournment debate 
on the issue. 

Mr Richard Luce, Minister of 
Stale, Privy Council Office, 
indicated that the Council of 
Ovil Service Unions would 
shortly be meeting Sir Robert 
Armstrong, Head of the Civil 
Service, to discuss relationships 
between the Civil Service and 
ministers, a subjecton which the 
Treasury and Civil Service Se- 
lect Committee of tbe Com- 
mons would also be reporting. 
Mr Dalydl said Sir Frank 
Cooper, former Permanent Sec- 
retary of the Ministry of De- 
fence. in a lecture at the London * 
School of Economics, had taken 
the view that the post of Chief 
Information Officer at Downing 
Street had become a party 
political post rather than a Civil 
Service post It should be occu- 
pied by a civil servant. 

What does the Government 
say (he continued) to Lord 
Bancroft former bead of the 
Civil Service, who thinks that 
over tbe Westland affair, it has 
abused the Civil Service? Such 

heavyweight opinion should be 
taken seriously. Is Mr Bernard 
Ingham’s position and his op- 
eration of the Lobby tenable any 

Mr Lnce:That is nonsense. The 
position fcwc been clear 

time and time again by the 
Prime Minister and in evidence 
to tbe Select Committee by Sir 
Robert Armstrong. I refine 
everything that Mr DalyeU says. 
Sir David Price (Esstleigh, 
C):But there is a particular 
problem over press officers, 
information officers and public 
relations men in the Civil 
Service when their trade as PR 
men marries ill with the tra- 
ditional anonymity of the Cavil 
Service and is almost a 
contradiction in terms. . 

Mr Laced know that. But the 
principle of the impartiality of 
tixe Civil Service remains the 
foundation of its success and j 
must stay that way. 

Dr Oooagh McDonald, for tbe 
Opposition, said it was nec- 
essary to provide an update of 
the statement of. civil servants’ 
duties, beyond ' Sir Robert 
Armstrong's letter last year, 
particularly to provide an in- 
dependent body to whom civil 
servants could refer in cases of 
conflicts of conscience. 

Mr LncecThe guidelines pro- 
vided by Sir Robert Armstrong 
and announced in February 1985 
are a good baas for . civil 

Government defeat on 
sex discrimination 


The Government suffered a 
defeat during tbe report stage of 
the Sex Discrimination Bill in 
the House of Lords, when a new 
clause moved by Lady Plat* of 
Writde (O introducing codes of 
practice for employers consid- 
ering substantial changes in 
working hours, was earned by 
107 votes to 88 — majority 
against the Government, 19. 

Moving the tow clause Lady 
Platt of Writtie said the code 
would require employers chang- 
ing working hours to take into 
consideration the health, safety, 
welfare and interests of their 
employees, particularly those 
with domestic and family 

Tins followed closely the orig- 
inal recommendation of the 

muggings of both men and 
women at night would influence 
shift working and meal breaks. 

While most employers would 
already take account of such 
points, there were always cow- 
boys who would need the 
possibility of an industrial tri- 
bunal finding against than to 
make them conform to reason- 
able standards for vulnerable 

Load Young of GrafRnun, Sec- 
retary of State for Employment, 
said it was a curious approach 
that required employers to 
change their practices to fit in 
with their employees. 

He wished to see all un- 
necessary restrictions removed 
from the way of growth of 
employment, but a code of. 
practice would introduce just : 
such restrictions. It would im- 
pose on all employers a new 
statutory duty which would 

By Colin 

Proposals for abolishing 
most shire county councils 
and creating a new optional 
tier of regional government 
arc expected io be approved 
by the Labour Party's national 
executive committee tomor- 

A paper written by Mr Jack 
Slraw, Labour's local govern- 
ment spokesman, and Mr 
Alian Roberts, wbo chairs the 
parliamentary party’s envi- 
ronment committee, advo- 
cates reform which would 
create a single tier of locai 
govemmenL based on existing 

The proposals leave open 
the possibility of London 
choosing to set up a new 
regional council to provide 
strategic services. 

Under Labour's plan, which 
could become manifesto poli- 
cy at this autumn's annual 
conference, district councils 





Nitrogen and nitrates: 2 

No firm evidence of risks to health 

would deliver all local ser- 
vices. . 

In sparsely-populated areas, 
shire districts would have to 
be amalgamated fo create 
large enough rural councils, 
and in some cases the counties 
would remain as administra- 
tive units. But large towns 
could re J urn to their former 
independence, particularly the 
biggest nine or Bristol, Hull 
Plymouth. Stoke-on-TrenL 
Derby, Southampton, Ports- 
mouth. Leicester and 

The proposals for regional 
councils arc designed to meet, 
not only demands for a degree 
of devolution to Scotland and 1 
Wales, but also for authorities 
in the north of England, ihe , 
South-west and London, | 
which could be responsible for 1 
a huge range of functions 
which are at present split 
among central government 
departments, privatized, or 
run b> separate bodies. 

Marian Frances Joannou, 
j aged 35. widow of Mr Michael 
I Joannou. the murdered publi- 
can. appeared before Walton 
and Esher magistrates yester- 
day, accused of impeding the 
arrest of a man being hunted 
by the police. 

Mrs Joannou. of Camm 
Gardens. Thames Ditton. Sur- 
rey. was remanded on uncon- 
ditional bail until May 1 3, 
accused of impeding arrest 
with knowledge of a man 
known io her having commit- 
ted an arrestable offence. 

John PhiJlip Walton, aged 
28. a lance corporal in The 
Life Guards based at Windsor. 
Berkshire, also appeared for 
the second time before the 
same court, accused of the 
murder of Mr Joannou. whose 
strangled body was found in 
his garden ai Thames Ditton. 

Mr W'alton. who was 
flanked in the dock by detec- 
tives. was remanded in custo- 
dy until next Monday. 

In 1980 the European Com- 
mission issued a directive 
requiring ail EEC member 
states to reduce nitrate levels 
in drinking water supplies to a 
maximum of 50 milligrams a 
litre within the next five years, 
ft was part of a general ’effort 
to improve water quality, 
calling for the reduction of 
chemicaL toxic and microbio- 
logical material, including 
sulphate, iron, lead and 

Last July, a week after the 
deadline expired, the Govern- 
ment announced that it was 
committed to implementing 
the directive, and that 90 per- 
cem of all water supplies in 
the United Kingdom already 
met its requirements. But in 
the case of nitrates, four of the 
largest water authorities. An- 
glian. Severn Trent. Thames 
and Yorkshire, had applied 
for "derogation", which is 
EEC jargon for exemption. 

This amounted loan admis- 
sion that the four authorities 
were unable to guarantee that 
supplies would not exceed the 

In his second article, John Young, Agriculture 
Correspondent, looks at the controversy about the 
increasing levels of nitrates in the soil and in water 
supplies, and whether they pose a risk to public 

stipulated levels in some ar- 
eas, and implicitly Mamed the 
leaching of nitrates from farm- 
land heavily dosed with nitro- 
gen fertilizer. This was 
supported by the finding that 
the highest nitrate concentra- 
tions were in Lincolnshire, 

picions with facts. Dr David 
Bryson, chief medical officer 
of ICTs agricultural division, 
says that public fears about 
health risks are not supported 
by any medical evidence. 

age . intake is about 100 
milligrams a day, but it is 
impossible to be poisoned by 
eating greens. 

A (ink has long been sus- 
pected between nitrates and 
methaemogJobinaemia, the 
gwalled "blue baby~disease. 
But there have been only 17 

suspected cases in Britain, and 

the last death was in 1950. 

Norfolk and Cambridgeshire, 
all with large areas of arable 

Opinion was divided be- 
tween those who suspected 
that the Government and the 
water auihorities were jeopar- 
dizing public health by failing 
in their responsibilities, and 
those who claimed that the 
EEC limits were arbitrary and 
not based on any specific 
evidence of a health risk. 

The latter group is winning 
by default, so far. since the 
anti-nitrate lobby has been 
unable to substantiate its sus- 

Niiraies are among the least 
toxic of all chemical sub- 
stances and pose no greater 
risk to human health thaq 
docs common salt, he claims. 
Moreover, unlike toxic sub- 
stances such as lead, they 
cannot be stored by humans 
or animals and are rapidly 

Noi only are they essential 
for plant growth and an 
int^ral part of our normal 
diet he points ouL they are 
found in high concentrations 
in green vegetables, notably 
celery, spinach, cabbage, cau- 
liflower and lettuce. Tbe aver- 

A potential risk to adults is 
that _ ingested nitrates are 
chemically converted to ni- 
trites by the action of saliva, 
and the latter have been 
suspected as a possible cause 
of stomach cancer. But not 
only is stomach cancer in 
sharp decline in most coun- 
tries, in areas of Britain where 
nitrate levels are relatively 
hwh, such as East Anglia and 
|be Thames basin, incidence 
has been lower than in areas of 
low nitrate levels. 

Environmental groups con- 
«de that they can produce no 
n.™ evidence 0 f any health 




hr'A ^ I ^ 


- u 

A - 

Geoffrey Smith; 

The British Government is 
now prepared to find au etive 
branch for the Ulster Union- 
ists to draw them back tothe 
negotiating table, provided 
that it can <fo 8* without 
actually saying so. 

This could not mean either 
tearing ap or even suspending 
tbe Anglo-Irish Agreement 
To take either of these courses 
would encourage Protestant 
extremists, endanger Anglo- 
Irish relations, oadenmnd 
Mrs Thatcher’s reputation for 
firmness and remove at a 
stroke the international ap- $ 
prcrai that has Bowed front 
the agreement. 

But what kind of concession 
could there be? Mr Beta 
Robinson, the hardline deputy 
leader of the Democratic 
Unionist Party, said over the 
weekend that they would ac- 
cept nothing less than suspen- 
sion of tbe agreement as their 
price for talks. If that really is 
the Unionists tost word it will 
remove whatever chance there 
might be of compromise. and 
further alienate British 

I have always been extreme- 
ly sceptical of the prospects for . 
the agreement as it emerged ** 7 
from the long months of 
negotiation* It failed to pay 
sufficient regard to Unionist 
sensitivities. But it is one thing 
to doubt die wisdom of pro- 
ceeding with an agreement in 
the first place: it would be 
qmte another matter to scrap it 

in response to terrorism. 

Shrug of shoulders 
not enough 

For leading Unionist petiti- 
fiaiK simply to say that British 
monsters landed the province in 

ministers landed the province in 
this mess and they must there- 
fore get it oat, is an abdication 
of reponribiEty. A shrug of the 
shoulders is not an act- of 4 

FoKtitians rarely have the 
horary of muring to any prob- 
lem with a dean slate. They 
have to do the best where they 
find themselves. What does 
that mean in Nettbon Ireland 
today? • . ... 

The first reqtrirematt b to get 
the Unionists around the table 
without capitulating to vioteBce. 

Dr Garett FitzGerald seems to 
be snare of tins. A cowafiatory 
signal from him could be 
especially rateable- But. he, 
would gravely damage himself 
politically at borne if be were to 
take any initiative without the 
approval of Mr John Hume, the 
leader of the SDLP. 

Mr Home's attitude is criti- 
cal. Be is not at this stage# 
among the most flexible of 
those supporting the agree- 
ment Bid there are topes that 
he wffl co-operate in trying to 
get talks going. 

What chance would there 
thea be of a positive Unionist 
response? The firt thing to 
appreciate is that the Unionists 
are by no means united. Some 
of them would indeed Insist 
upon nothing less than suspen- 
sion of the agreement. Some 
would be satisfied as a first step 
with the moving of the Anglo- 
Irish Secretariat from Northern 

Others, white acknowledging 
that tbe departme of tbe Secre- 
tariat would have a powerfid _ 
impact on Protestant sentiment, W 
do not befieve that this is in the 
realms of practical politics. 
They do not seem to be sore 
p-eodey what they are looking 
for probably some signal, per- 
haps connected with the " - 

of meetings, that the 

Devolution talks 
offer some hope 

If talks can be held they vrffl 
focos East mion denotation. Tbe 
agreement provided that if a 
devolved gorenaneot were es- 
tablished m Northern Ireland 
those mattere transferred to ft 
would do longer be the concern 
« the Anglo-Irish conference. 
So derafaOoa offers a- means of 
^striding the scope of the 
conference without infringing 
tile ameemenr. . - - 

!{ind c r s 

iv • ? n 

1. II » ■ ' 

A httte while ago the Utoon- it U 
Bt - were ready to propose that a l 

devolved Assembly should op- 
erate through g focal goaezs- 
system of cotnpkfces, 
with die chairmanships h q fa g 
distributed between the paths 
*corfa to their strengtb- 



They now seas to have 
otofed oa the ides. Bat os they 
remain confused, it would be 

jrortfc pressing them on fit. That 
fe the most bopefid su ggestion 0 

different means, and tt : sboaId 

Irish Agreement was always a 
means to an era) not an rod fo 
itself. . - 

'■ Ur. 

: -.T 




Police may seek help 

as stress cases mount 

A police force may call in 
“psychologists to help an in*' 
creasing number of its officers 
, who are felling victim to 
i stress-related illness. 

. The force involved is Der- 
byshire, where a report is to go 
before its police ramming* 
today disclosing an alarming 
’ rise in days lost through 
■ sickness. 

In the past five years the 
oumberof (fays lost because of 
i illness and injury in the force 
of 1,789 men has risen from 
16,000 to more than 28,000; 
' the equivalent of 78 men 
being absent each day of the 
r year. 

Police Federation officials 
say that stress is-ah increasing 
- factor behind illness, and foe 
' problem is not only confined 
to Derbyshire but is causing 
growing concern in police 
, forces throughout Ihe country. 

The Metropolitan Police 
has established a working 
party to examine how stress is 
affecting its 27,000 officers 
and how best it can be 
alleviated. A committee of the 
Association of Chief Police 
Officers under Mr Brian John- 
son, the Lancashire chief con- 
stable, is also examining the 

Although other forces yes- 
terday could not produce as 

By Peter Davenport 
detailed statistics as Derby- 
shire, a Police Federation 
spokesman said it was a 
common problem and called 
for the creation of an occupa- 
tional health service within 
the police. 

The figures for Derbyshire 
disclose that in 1981 8.9 man- 
days were lost for each officer 
through or injury. In 

1984uwas 12.8 and in 198S it 
had reached 15.8. 

The biggest rise was in days 
lost through injury, which 
went up by more than 150 per 
cent. Those lost due to illness 
also shot op by more than 60 

It is not just increased 
tensio ns of dealing with vio- 
lence such as tfie miners’ 
strike or inner city riots that 
has fed to the situation. Con- 
stable Geoffrey Towle, secre- 
tary of the Derbyshire Police 
Federation, said the increasing 
pressure of long hoots and 
coping with the demands of 
new legislation were also hav- 
ing their effect 

The lost days were costing 
Derbyshire about £850,000 a 

The Police Federation be- 
lieves that there must be more 
new officers recruited to alle- 
viate the workload as one step 
towards reducing stress. 

• Thousands of North Sea oil 
workers nay suffer serious 
mental difficulties which are 
aggravated by their job condi- 
tions and make them more 
accident prone, according to a 
study by Mia Valerie Suther- 
land, a postgraduate research- 
er, and Professor Cary 
Cooper, an expert on occupa- 
tional stress (Our Science 
Correspondent writes). 

The researchers, who ques- 
tioned men on more than 30 
oil platforms, found an 
“unacceptably high 
proportion” with obsessions 
and anxieties comparable to 
psychiatric out-patients. The 
researchers also concluded 
that industry employers use 
“primitive*’ methods of select- 
ing workers for jobs od the 

Many of the men com- 
plained of job dissatisfaction, 
lack of privacy, feelings of 
isolation and difficulties with 
relaxing with their families 
when they returned to shore 
after op to 21 days on the 

Man and Accidents Offshore is 
to be published by Lloyd's List 
and Dietsmarm (Internation- 
al) NV, on May 1 (Sheepen 
Pace, Colchester, Essex 003 



scan baby 
at home 

By Paul Vallely 

A monitoring device de- 
signed to reduce the time spent 
in hospital by pregnant women 
whose babies are considered at 
risk was put on display at the 
British Congress of Obstetrics 
and Gynaecology yesterday. 

The new British system, the 
Hantieigh Domiciliary Foetal 
Monitor (DFM% allows wom- 
en to have comprehensive 
foetal scans at home and then 
have the information transmit- 
ted down a telephone line to a 
hospital computer. 

In tests with 300 pregnant 
women at the University of 
Wales Hospital the device 
showed problems in two preg- 
nancies rh«r led to timely 
intervention by ca es arean 

Its manufacturers efann (hat 
the monitor will save the 
National Health Service thou- 
sands of pounds by freeing 
hospital beds otherwise occu- 
pied by mothers under obser- 

Women who will benefit 
from the system will include 
those at risk through raised 
blood pressure, problems with 
a previous pregnancy, reduced 
movements or a poorly grown 
foetus. Home visits coaid be 
made by midwives carrying the 
monitor. If the scan shows any 

Mbs Elizabeth Meares, a model, who is 32 weeks i 
for mation by telephone to the hospital computer w! 

it is received by Dr 

complications rbe women can 
's heartbeat and (top right) sending the in- he summoned immediately to 
rew Dawson (Photographs: Chris Harris), hospital. 

‘Minders’ protect 

By Peter Evans, Horae Affairs Correspondent 

Young offenders are more 
likely to avoid reconvictions if 
their movements are tracked 
in the community th an if they 
are sentenced to custody. That 
is the preliminary finding of a 
survey at Leeds, where track- 
ers include former police offi- 
cers, retired executives and a 
former barmaid. 

They are paid to keep a 
watch on offenders who may 
Include those . convicted of 
robbery, burglary or violence. 
If an offender breaks planned 
contact without good reason 
retribution can be swift. He or 
she is brought baric before the 
court, which may take a severe 
view of breaches. For an adult 
that could be custody or for a 
juvenile a care order. 

There are about a dozen 
tracking schemes myBritain, 
according to Dr Hehia GiUcr. 

a consultant monitoring juve- 
nile justice schemes. 

Tracking originated in 
America and is attracting 
growing interest in Britain. It 
costs £110 a week to track an 
offender co m p are d with at 
least double that to hold a 
youth in custody in the north 
of England. 

A youth in Leeds who had 
previously been to a detention 
centre said of his custody: “It 
gets you fiL You learn how to 
break into cars. This scheme 
makes you stop and think.” 

Another who had served 
time in a detention centre 
said: “ft teaches you how to 
burgle houses and which 
houses.” But they say that the 
dose eye kept on them by 
trackers does - not give them 
much chance to get into 



it t 






■ • 





hea dmast er of - Tanygrishm 
school, Blaenau Ffestiniog, 
North Wales, indecently as- 
saulted young gnfc in his care 
as he marked their weak. Mold 
Crown Court was. told 

The court was told that 
Davies had been jailed for 
nine months for indecently 
ass aulting schoolgirls when he 
was a teacher in the 1960s. 

Davies, father of two chil- 
dren, pleaded guilty to three 
charges of indecently assault- 
ing girls under the age of 13 at 

Mr Anthony Evans QC, for 
the prosecution, said that 
none could but remember the 
awe mid respect in which a 
headmas ter was held by young 
children. “It may well be that 
it was as a result of that and 
his position as headmaster 
that these matters did not 



come to light until they did. 
Davies will be sentenced to 

Today Pan Am offers you more com- 
fort and convenience to every comer of 

With frequent direct flights; like the 

New York 


















Thur, Fri, Sun. 


only nonstop to Detroit, more nonstops 
to the West Coast than other airlines, 
and nonstops to Miami, Washington, 
New York, with easy connections to 47 
U.S. cities. 

At JFK New York, we have the only 
terminal with international and U.S. 
flights under one roof. So it's just a short 
walk to your connection. 

And Pan Am make travelling not 
just easier, but also more enjoyable 

Across the Atlantic you can travel in 
First Class with its luxurious Sleeperette® 
seats or in the wider six across seating 
ofChpperQ more, onmmy 

the space on 

wine, the latest movies and^Q^*~~~ 

stereo entertainment, one ticket, one check in. 


Next time you 

want to reach America, stretch out on 
Pan Am. Whether you're flying to the East, 
West, Central or South America, today it's 
an unbeatable experience. Call your Travel 
Agent or Pan Am on 01-409 0688. 

Today's Pan Am.You can't beat the expe 

ofta-FoH SUSS 

The Argyll Offer values Distillers shares 
at 74 4 p _ 23p more than their current market 
value. If you want to know why you should 
accept the Argyll Offer, call James Gulliver by 
dialling 100 and asking for Freefone Argyll 

If vou have any difficulties filling in your 
Acceptance Form, call the Argyll Helpline 
on (031) 536 7761 or (031) 558 1252. 

If you have accepted the Guinness Offer, 
and now wish to withdraw, complete and return 
the withdrawal form. If you require assistance, 
or a new form, call the Argyll Helpline on 
(031) 556 7761 or (031) 558 1252 for advice. 



i nr. iiwit& LUfcMJAY APRIL 15 1986 


From Richard Owen 
The Hague 

Mr Vernon Walters and Mr 
John Whitehead are footsore 
and, on the whole disappoint- 
ed, men. Neither they nor 
President Reagan ran draw 
much comfort from 
yesterday’s European state- 
ment on terrorism. 

Mr Whitehead, the Deputy 
Secretary of State, made a 
gruelling tour of European 
capitals in January to try and 
persuade European leaders 
that there was “Overwhelming 
evidence” that Colonel 
Gadam, -the Libyan leader, 
was responsible for the delib- 
erate murder of men, women 
Md children. Western Europe 
shou ld no longer “finance 
terrorism” by buying Colonel 
Gadafirs oil Mr Whitehead 

Mr Walters, the American 
representative at the United 
Nations, has just trodden the 
same weary route, conveying 
the same message over the 
past few days in London, 
Paris, Bonn and Rome. 

The European response at 
yesterday’s meeting of EEC 
foreign ministers tended to be 
that Europeans dislike the ' 

The Libya crisis: Europe hesitates • Gadaffi’s news blackout • UK stance 

caution upsets US 

Gadaffi regime, abhor and 
condemn terrorism and wish 
to take firm measures against 
it, but that launching military 
strikes against Tripoli would 
be “emotional and liable to 
lead to further terrorist acts in 
Western Europe”, as one offi- 
cial put iL 

There is no European sup- 
port for economic sanctions 

from France, Italy and West 
Germany, and Britain ' alone 
advocated firmer action.. 

The European approach is 
cautious, with ministers look- 
ing Tor hard proof of Colonel 
GadafTL’s involvement in ter- 
rorist acts 

The European aim after The 
Hague is to assure the Ameri- 
cans that there are effective 

Reagan envoy consults Mitterrand 

strong reservations about the 
latest US threats toward Lib- 
ya, deeming them to be poten- 
tially counter-productive. It is 
also anxious not to harm Us 
relations with Libya at a time 
when it is hoping to secure 
Colonel GadafiTs co-operation 
In ending the civil war in Chad. 

Paris — General Vernon Wal- 
ters, President Reagan’s spe- 
cial envoy, discussed the 
Libyan . ends with President 
Mitterrand yesterday, before 
flying to Rome on the next leg 
of his mission to Enropean 

France is known to have 

against Libya, as Washington 
had hoped there would be. 

In the three months since 
EEC foreign ministers last 
discussed the issue, opinion 
has swung in favour of naming 
Libya as a country which 
promotes terrorism and' to 
which arms most not be 
exported. But yesterday there 
was resistance- even to this 

alternatives to military action. 
A new EEC report on anti- 
terrorism is being hurried up. ' 
West Germany is anxious to 
avoid further attacks on 
American servicemen sta-' 
tioned on its territory. Yester- 
day the Mediterranean EEC 
nations — Italy, Spain and 
Greece — underlined their 
anxieties. Most Europeans do 

substantial business with 

EEC diplomats said that 
yesterday’s meeting in The 
Hague still left a transatlantic 
gulf over how to deal with 
terrorism. Washington had 
got “as much as it could 
realistically expect”, including 
a growing European belief 
behind the scenes that Ameri- 
can anger and desire for 
military revenge is under- 
standable and perhaps even 

But observers said the fail- 
ure to agree a united Western 
stance could lead to unilateral 
American action, and Sir 
Geoffrey Howe remarked that 
if the EEC did not take firm 
action with practical effect 
nobody in London would be 
surprised if America struck 
against Libya. 

Sir Geoffrey told the meet- 
ing there could be no moral 
equivalence between Libyan- 
backed terrorism and “any 
action the United States might 
deem necessary in response”. 

Even this, however, arouses 
unease among the Greeks. 
Italians and Spaniards, who 
have most to lose from a war 
on their doorstep. 


Indian and Pakistani workers chanting and waving posters in support of Libya's leader. 
Colonel Gadaffi, at a rally on Sunday in Tripoli, the country’s capital. 

Tripoli censors foreign TV reports 
on kidnapping of Italian bishop 

From Robert Ftsk, Tripoli 

Britain must approve use of bases 

The Libyans are ruthlessly 
censoring all foreign television 
news reports from Tripoli 
cutting out every reference to 
the armed kidnap of the 
Italian bishop in Benghazi 

They are demanding that 
even harmless street scenes be 
erased from the video tapes of 
overseas television crews. 

A 10-man Libyan “popular 
committee” — including the 
local representative of Euro- 
vision — now views every 
video cassette which the 
American and European tele- 
vision networks wish to trans- 
mit by satellite from the 

Yesterday, they refused to 
transmit an entire British 
Independent Television News 
report on Monsignor Giov- 
vani Martin elli, the abducted 
bishop, allowing the company ’■ 
to send only footage of a pro- 
Gadaffi demonstration staged 
by the authorities. 

When Mr Brent Sadler, the 
ITN reporter in Tripoli went 
to the satellite station here to 
send his film on the Bishop, 
the chairman of the censor- 

ship committee cold him 
Wuntly^This is not trite.” 

Similar treatment was met- 
ed out to Ms Kale Adie, the 
BBC! .TV representative in 
Tripoli when she attempted 
to send the same information 
on video tape by satellite on 

Mgr Mattmdli: abduction 
not reported in Libya 

Sunday night. . 

According to Ms Adie, who 
formally — though, of course, 
vainly.— protested to the 
Libyan authorities, she was 
told that -the Bishop’s disap- 

pearance “has not been car- 
ried officially on the Libyan 
news media”, and that by 
implication, it therefore could 
not have happened. 

American television net- 
works have met an identical 
response, not only about the 
Bishop, but even with com- 
paratively mild reports on 
daily life in Tripoli 

Several television crews 
have found h impossible even 
to maintain serious conversa- 
tion with the censors. 

Ms Adie found that the 
Libyans even refused to send 
her report on Colonel Gad- 
affi’s threat to put foreign 
workers into Libyan military 
bases until she could prove 
that the colonel had actually 
been quoted as saying as much 
by the official news agency, 

Harsher censorship was in- 
stituted here three weeks ago 
when, for the first time. Liby- 
an authorities demanded a 
formal viewing of each foreign 
television report in a separate 
room away from the satellite 
transmission area. 

By Rodney Cowton 
Defence Correspondent 

The United States most 
have the agreement of the 
British Government before it 
could use Us bases in Britain to 
mount operations against 

litis is dear even though 
the agreement regulating the 
use of die bases has never been 
published, and Government 
sources yesterday reaffirmed 
their inteotioa of keeping it 

There are several docu- 
ments, including the North 
Atlantic Treaty and Acts of 
Parliament whkh regelate the 
activities of American forces in 

But the * bey document 
which has never been pub- 
lished, is an agreement be- 
tween President Truman and 
Mr Attlee, then Prime Minis- 
ter, in October 1951. 

This was reaffirmed the 
following January by Mr 
Churchill and President Tru- 
man in a communique which' 
said that the use of the bases, 
in as emergency “would be a 
wWw for joint dedskm' with 
H M Government in the light 
of the circumstances at the 

blamed for 
wine chaos 

From John Earle 

Signor Costantino Degan. 
the Italian Minister of Health, 
has been accused of incompe- 
tence in his handling of the 
poisoned wine scandal that 
has so for brought 20 deaths 
and eight arrests. 

Signor Giuseppe Fieri nini. 
a leader of the trade union 
confederation, has called for 
the replacement of ministers 
who were “irresponsible and 
incompetent as in the case of 
Degan”. He said that the 
ministers' actions had been 
“contradictory, uncertain and 

At the weekend Signor 
Degan, a Christian Democrat 
from near Venice, issued an 
order banning sales of wine 
not only by producers and 
merchants known to have 
laced their product with 
raetholated spirits, but also by 
those suspected of doing so. 

Ail the firms should with- 
draw their stocks and send a 
report to the local mayor. Bat 
he issued no list of firms under 

His action followed a Cabi- 
net decree aimed at restoring 
confidence in Italy’s huge 
wine industry. 

Israeli Cabinet crisis solved 

Peres cobbles together a deal but 
at some cost to his credibility 

From David Bernstein 

“If one were to take this 
Government and throw ’ it 
down from the top of the Eiffel 
Tower it would get up and 
walk away,” said one - of 
Israel's Cabinet ministers. 

He was reflecting on the 
somewhat bizarre switch of 
portfolios which late on Sun- 
day night averted the demise 
of the Government of Nation- 
al Unity. 

The reshuffle, approved by 
the Cabinet at a five-minute 
meeting on Sunday night, 
moves the controversial Fi- 
nance Minister, Mr Yitzhak 
Modal to the Justice Minis- 
try. His place at the Treasury 
is to be taken by the Justice 
Minister, Mr Moshe Nissim. 

The Prime - Minister, Mr 
Shimon Peres, also made it 
plain to the Likud leader, Mr 
Yitzhak Shamir,' that the re- 
shuffle was to remain in effect 
for. the duration of the 
Government’s tenure. 

Mr Pries was thus able to 
achievcwhat be set out to do 
when he precipitated the crisis 
by demanding the removal of 
Mr Modai from the Treasury 
for pubKdy attacking him and 
his economic policies. 

The general feeling here 
yesterday was that Mr Peres 
had thus done something to 
restore his credibility, badly 
tarnished when he was faced 
down in a similar crisis in- 
volving the Likud’s. Industry 
Minister. Mr Arid Sharon, 
last November. 

But in so doing he is open to 
attack from another direction, 
with the Likud insisting 
throughout the week-long cri- 
sis that Mr Peres had deliber- 
ately engineered it to bring 
down the Government before 
be had to hand over the 
premiership to Mr Shamir 
next October. 

And it was to prevent Mr 
Peres from doing just this that 
the Likud in the end gave in. 

That the original reshuffle, 
involving a switch between 
Mr Modai and Mr Shamir at 
the Foreign Ministry, came 
unstuck over the weekend was 
the result of bitter divisions 
insidethe Likud. 

Mr Modai’s liberal wing 
bitterly resented the key fi- 
nance portfolio going to Mr 
Shamir's Herat wing. And 
Herat’s powerful Housing 
Minister, Mr David Levy, was 
determined to undermine the 
deal cobbled together by his 
chief rival for the Likud 

leadership, Mr Sharon. 

In the end, liberals had the 
satisfaction of retaining the 
Treasury, although Mr Nissim 
and Mr Levy could claim that 
the finance portfolio has been 
prevented from going to Mr 
Pries next October. 

But once the dust had 
settled, the ordinary Israeli 
citizen could hardly be 
Mamed if he fdt that he had 
been ill used by his leaders this 
past week. 

True, Mr Peres had struck a 
blow for his own personal 
credibility as well as for the 
principle of collective respon- 
sibility in his Government. 

He had also displayed un- 
doubted political adroitness in 
neatly showing up the Likud 
throughout the crisis as leader- 
less and iniemally-riven. 

But at what cost? From 
tomorrow, when the Knesset 
is expected to approve the 
reshuffle, Israel will have as its 
Finance Minister a competent 
jurist who professes to know 
little about economics 

And it will have as Justice 
Minister a man, who although 
he does have some legal 
training, has proved himself to 
be Israel’s ablest Finance Min- 
ister in almost a decade. 

Stockman scorns ‘Reagan revolution 5 

The so-called “Reagan 
revolution” was hopeless 
from the start, with no anchor 
to reality, according to Mr 


lapponia JEWELRY - 

EXHIBITION 15tft.-2^APfiL 
uMOtt'fflfiffla '- net mao-ssB 


From Trevor Fishlock, New York 
David Stockman, the 
President’s former -budget 

In- a sharp critique of the 
economic strategy in which he 
played a key pari, he describes 
Mr Reagan as an amiable and 
decent man with little grasp of 
what was going on; a man who 
shrank from hard decisions. 

He portrayed the President as 
being surrounded by incompe- 
tent courtiers, “yes” men with 

scant understanding of policy. , . — 

The White House yesterday Mr David S torkmaa s attack 
maintained silence over the on the Reagan “yes“ men. 
publication of the first extract . / . .. . .- 

from Mr Stockman’s mem- 
oire. The Triumph of Politics: a”“do«f. 

RaSM R ™ ,Uti ° n 
Mr Stockman, regarded as a qu ffon 

boy wonder when he joined understand 
the Reagan Cabinet at the age j}^ roake nght 

of 34, quit after four-and-a- decisions. . a __ 
half years, having already 
earned the hatred of his foes 83** talk 
for expressing his doubts do you do when your Presi- 
about Mr Reagan’s attempts den* ignores 
to remake American econora- inarde. 1 

icDolicv ' could not bear to watch this 

In his' book, for which he good and decent man go on in 
has been paid $2.3 million thisembairessing way. 

Stout £L5 million), Mr 

Stockman repeatedly ques- braced the idea of mrnimahst 
tions the President's grasp of government and the supply 
complex matters. “His body ?de 5“* s 

of knowledge is primarily increased production and gov- 

ernment revenues. It also 
called for an attack on the 
welfare state. 

“The true Reagan revolu- 
tion never had a chance," Mr 
Stockman writes. “It defied 
the overwhelming forces, in- 
terests and impulses of Ameri- 
can democracy. Our 
Madisonian government of 
checks and balances, three 
branches, two legislative 
houses, and infinitely splint- 
ered power is conservative, 
not radical. It shuffles into the 
future one step at a time. 

“Because of the efforts of 
myself and my supply side 
compatriots, Ronald Reagan 
had . been made to stumble 
into the wrong camp on the 
eve of his quest for the 
Presidency. He was a consen- 
sus politician, not an ideolo- 
gist He had no business trying 
to make a revolution because 
it wasn’t in his bones. 

Mr Stockman said the revo- 
lution would have meant the 
end of subsidies to fanners 
and businesses and welfare for 
the able-bodied poor. 

“Only an iron chancellor 
would nave tried to make it 
stick. Reagan wasn't that by a 
long shot ... he proved to be 
too kind and sentimentaL 

The US has about 30,000 
unformed servicemen in Brit- 
ain, of whom probably about 
25,000 are members of the Air 
Force. It has about 75 bases 
and other facilities in Britain, 
of which moe are main operat- 
ing bases. 

These include the subma- 
rine base at Holy Loch, as well 
as airfields at Alcoa bury in 
Cambridgeshire, Beatwalers, 
Woodbridge, Lakeoheatb and 
MildenhaU, aQ in Suffolk, 
Fairford In Gloucestershire, 
Upper Heyford in Oxford- 
shire, and Creenham Common 
in Berkshire, where the anise 
missiles are based. 

These air bases remain 
technicaDy Royal Air Force 
bases, and are officially known 
as, for example, RAF Green- 
ham Common or RAF Fair- 


The US Air Force normally 
has about 350 aircraft in 
Britain. They include more 
than 100 AlOs based at 
Bentwafers and Woodbridge, 
whose role is to act in support 
of ground forces; tanker and 
freight aircraft mainly at 
MildenhaU and Fairford; and 
reconnaissance and other spe- 
cialist aircraft, such as the 
TR1 spy-plane and the 
EF111A electronic warfare 
aircraft at AJconbury. 

But the aircraft most rele- 
vant to any passible action 
against Libya would be the 
Fill supersonic bombers of 
which there are about 70 at 
Upper Heyftud and about 80 
at Lakenheath. 

These would need support 
from tanker aircraft for air-to- 

150 F-llls tl* 0 . 

t based hare r^Lakanhaalh 

1// hStdenltaBp 

jL u PPw 

G Heyford 

O Fairford 

i uu 


. . . . Nicosia^"^ 

\\ Cyprus 

^ j 

\\ RAF base “j***^] 

* i 

air refuelling. There are 
KC335 tankers based at 
Fairford, and the huge KCiO 
tankers which are based in 
Louisiana, but which constant- 
ly pass through the British 
bases. There have been an 
unusually huge number at 
MildenhaU in the last few 

But many military experts 
question whether the power of 
die Fills would really be 
militarily necessary for any 
operation against Libya. 

Mrs Thatcher has been 
unentimsiastic about allowing 
attacks to be mounted from 
British bases. Another possi- 
bility is that the RAF base at 
Akrotiri near Limassol in 
Cyprus might be used as a 
staging post. 

Akrotiri is one of the British 
sovereign bases in Cyprus, and 
its nse is regulated by ’ the 
Treaty of Establishment of 

Technically the treaty ap- 
pears to give Britain a free 
hand on operational activities 
from Akrotiri, but Govern- 
ment sources said the Govern- 
ment of Cyprus was always 
informed before any unusual 

The directors of Argyll Group Pic are the persons responsible for the information contained m this advertisement To fhe best of their knowledge 
and belief (having taken all reasonable care to ensure that such is the case), the information contained in this advertisement is in accordance with 

the facts The directors ot Argyll Group Pic accept responsibility accordingly 


Wue of the Argyll Offer. 

Current Distillers share price: 

Argyll higher by: 

end to 
test ban 

Moscow (Reuter) — Mar- 
shal Sergei Akhromeyev, the 
Soviet Armed Forces Chief of 
Staff, confirmed yesterday 
that Moscow intends to re- 
sume nuclear testing after the 
US explosion in the Nevada 
desert last week. 

He told a news conference a 
here that the Kremlin’s eight- n 
month unilateral halt to test- 
ing. which was formally ended J 
on Friday, had caused a * 
certain setback lo Soviet mili- 
tary power. 

But he said: “The political 
gains in the struggle for a halt 
to nuclear testing, for limiting 
the arms race, were greater 
than the purely military set- 
back we suffered.” 

Bomb kills 
Mafia aide 

New York (Reuter) — A car 
bomb exploded on a Brooklyn 
street, killing Frank DeCicco, 
identified by police as the top 
associate of reputed Mafia 
chief John Goto. 

Four months ago Gotti 
allegedly took control of the 
Gambino crime family after 
the assassination here of Paul 
Castellano. Another man. 
Frank Beilino. also allegedly 
linked to organized crime, was 
critically injured in the blast. 

Seoul visit 

Paris — President 
Mitterrand yesterday accepted 
an invitation to visit South 
Korea at the end of the first 
day of talks here with Presi- 
dent Chun Doo Hwan. 

Crash clue 

New York (AP) — Investiga- 
tors believe the Mexicana 
Airlines crash which killed 
166 people last month was 
caused by an explosion in a 
wheel well, 

Menten ban 

Hoogsiraten, Belgium (AP) 

— The convicted Dutch war 
criminal Pieter Menten, wjll 
not be allowed to settle in 
Belgium, police here said. 


Moscow ( AP) — The concert 
pianist. Vladimir Horowitz, 
who vowed for years never to 
return to his homeland, came 
back to the Soviet Union for 
the first time in 61 years. 

Aigyll’s offer closes at 3pm on Friday April 18. 

Figures based on the market prices at 3.30pm on 14th April 1986 The above value is tor Argyll's Final Increased Basic Offer and takes account of an 
estimate by Rowe & Pitman. Panmure Gordon & Co. and Scnmgeaur Vickers ol the value of the new convertible preference shares of Argyll. The value 
of the convertible preference shares of Argyll is estimated because they are not presently quoted If the convertible preference shares of Argyll were 
valued on the basts used by Guinness' advisors in relation to the new Guinness convertible preference shares, m the opinion ot Rowe & Pitman. 
Panmure Gordon & Co and Scrimgeour Vickers, the new convertible preference shares of Argyll would be valued some 6-6p higher at a price of 
128-4p. thereby increasing the value of Argyll's Final Increased Basic Ofterto 751 p Source . Published Accounts. 

a-J'OH iSaSE 




Violence spreads throogh Eastern Cape 

ANC link 

Johannesburg (AFP) — Mrs 

protest as 14 

more blacks 
die in clashes 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 
The South African notice but gave no farther details. 

rcponed that 14 people died in 
the 24 hours to yesterday 
morning in continuing unrest 
which is estimated to have 
claimed more than 1,240 lives 
over the past 19 months. 
Meanwhile, lectures were sus- 
pended yesterday at the Medi- 

In Daveyton, a black town- 
ship east of Johannesbnxg, a 
policeman fired four shots 
from his pistol at a group of 
300 blacks who had threat- 
ened him, and kilted two of 
_ . them, according to the police, 

pended yesterday at the Medi- The poBce also said that a 
Umvereity of South Africa black youth was killed at 
a “ er 500 Tantje, the black township 
to wo bock students there outside Grahamstown in the 
attacked and stoned adminis- Eastern. Cape, ■ 

3E STSo f ri ,t5 0 Sf r ^ 

^white sti^ents on the^mpus. . 

^riye of the 14 people kilted, policemen's homes in .the 

all of whom were blades, were 
shot by the police, and nine 
were allegedly burned to death 
in two separate incidents in a 
black township near Mooi- 
plaas, not far from East Lon- 
don in the Eastern Cape. 

They said that all the men 
had died when the huts in 
which they were living were 
set alight by unknown 

The police attributed the 
nine burnings to fighting be- 
tween different black factions 

blade township of Ungetihle, 
near Cradock, 

The 1,000 undergraduates 
at the medical university, 
which is reserved for blacks, 
have been boycotting lectures 
for some time in support of 
demands for the expulsion of 
two whites allowed to study 

The students aigue that 
whites should not be admitted 
until all universities in the 
country are folly open to 
students of all races. 

Anglicans meet to 
select archbishop 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

Some 500 Anglican clergy 
and laity began meeting be-' 
hind closed doors in Cape 
Town yesterday to elect a new 
Archbishop of Cape Town, the 
metropolitan (head) of the 
Church of the Province in 
Southern Africa, as the Angli- 
can Church here is known. 

Their choice is bound to be 
controversial because, al- 
though the names of nominees 
are never announced before- 
hand, the Rt Rev Desmond 
■Tutu, the black Bishop of 
Johannesburg, is known to be 
one of the leading contenders 
to succeed the Most Rev 

was condemned for so doing 
by almost all shades of white 
political opinion, and. could 
arguably lave exposed him- 
self to legal prosecution for 
“economic sabotage". 

The Southern African prov- 
ince over which the Archbish- 
op of Gape Town presides 
contains 17 dioceses, of which 
six are outside of South Africa, 
one each in Lesotho, Swazi- 
land, Namibia and St Helena, 
and two in Mozambique. 

The successful candidate 
must be approved by a two- 
thirds majority of both the 

Philip Russell, a white, who is dergy and lay members of the 
retiring. No Mack has em! Assembly, voting separately, 
held the post 

On April 2 Bishop Tutui a . 

Nobel Peace Prize firmer, couJd he.the Mpst Rev Walter 
called on the outride wigp to ‘Makhuhi, the Archbishop of 
impose punitive - economic . Central Africa and Bishop of 
sanctions on South Africa. He Botswana. 

Church- sources say a possi- 
ble compromise candidate 

' Jewish group unearths 
new Waldheim file 

New York (AP) — The 
World Jewish Congress said 
yesterday it has new docu- 
ments linking Dr Kurt Wald- 
aeim, the former UN Secre- 
lary-General, to wartime 
itroci ties in Greece. 

“It seems now that a major 
rriminal investigation is 
renamed," said Mr Elan 
Steinberg, executive director 
if the congress. “The most 
mportanl thing we want to do 
s find out the truth and set the 
list one record right.” 

The new documents were 
bund at the US National 
Archives last week. 

On the CBS 60 Minutes 
devision programme on Sun- 
lay, Dr Waldheim apologized 
or saying his wartime activity 
aided before the period now 
aider scrutiny. “ft wasn’t done 
mrposefully,” he said. “I do 
ipologize to my friends.” 

In its statement yesterday, 
he congress said a secret 
rartime report signed by Dr 
Valdheim was used in 1947 
ly US prosecutors at Nurem- 
ierg as evidence of Nazi war 
rimes in Greece. 

Mr Steinberg said one docu- 
nent in a report dated August 
il, 1944, showed that Dr 
Valdheim provided infonna- 
ion about “band activities , 
he German expression for 
artisan operations. 

Other documents showed 
that a “deansing operation' 
or retaliatory action, was 
launched in Crete two days 
after Dr Waldheim had identi- 
fied the location. Two villages 
were destroyed and 20 hos- 
tages were shot and killed. 

Mr Steinberg said the docu- 
ments would be turned over to 
the US Justice Department 
and the Israeli and Austrian 

• VIENNA: Dr Waldheim, a 
candidate for the Austrian 
presidency, yesterday sent to 
President Kirdischlager his 
comments on the UN file on 
his wartime military service in 
Yugoslavia and Greece. 

Dr KJrchschBger last week 
offered to study the file and 
comment publicly on the alle- 
gations that it contains proof 
of Dr Waldheim’s direct 
knowledge of crimes .against 
Jews and partisans. 

Because of Dr ' Kirch- 
schlager’s prestige, it is as- 
sumed that his 
pronouncement will com- 
mand general acceptance. It is 
widely believed that if he 
implies, stiQ more if he openly 
slates, that the file incrimi- 
nates Dr Waldheim, then Dr 
Waldheim might have to 
withdraw from the campaign. 

Greek denies hammer 
killing of fellow writer 

From Mario Modiano 

VIr Thanasas Nashazik, a 
moment Greek antfaor and 
mer president of the Greek 
■iters' Union, yesterday 
aded not gnflty when te 

ut on trial for the murder of 
r Tbanasis Diamantop- 
los, a fellow-writer and for- 
r treasurer of the saiffis 
ton, ia September 1984. 
»oiice broke into the centra 1 
liens flat of DJamsuattop- 
Iosl aged 73, and fonnd he 
i beenldifcd 

wrs to the bead and body- 
ey had been alerted by a 
ebboar who toM the trite- 
Hthat she ted heat'd the 
dm scream: “Thanasm, 
it do it. N®i Thanasis. 

Sr NflSntrik, 

s Athens Cnmted Gmrt 

fces “I deny aay axu«£2“ 
h the crime. Somebody 
St hare done it, not L 
loMing op a dark ph&w. 

- ddetb “I always 
ild never hide in 

a hammer". 

training, who once ran a car 
spares business and is best 
known for his work on the 
philosophy of science, mis 
remanded in custody a year 
ago after Mr Fanayotis 
Dianantoponlos, aged 31, the 
murdered man's son, sued him 
for murder and caused the case 
to be reopened. _ 

The prosecution i ndictmen t, 
which listed rircams t antial ev- 
idence against the defendant, 
pointed not that Mr Nasfutzik 
attempted suicide three days 
after the murder, leaving a 
note saying he could no longer 
bear the suspicion around him. 

It said he was arrested for tax B 
evasion five days after theg 
minder and was unable to 
sabstiuttiate his alibi, Wit- 
nesses alleged he had tried to 


Defence lawyers yesterday 
said Mr Nasiatzik had no 
motive for the killing of 
Dhunantopoalos-who, at-the 
time of hB death, was about to 
publish a book called Sex md 
Sedety, cmmn iiig.l^ h? 
qrfwmh; of sex activities wan 
a mysterious Mrs Z. _ 

The trial is cmrtmniBg. i 

bora former wife of Mr 
de Jooge, a Dnldi citizen who 
has taken refuge in the Dutch 
Embassy, told the Supreme 
Court here yesterday that she 
worked with the outlawed 
African National Cooarcss 
(ANC), but pleaded not gnflty 
to charges of terrorism and 

Mrs Pastoors, aged 44. and 
her former husband have been 
the cause of friction between 
Sooth Africa and The Nether- 
lands since bring arrested by 
South African security police 
in June last year. 

The police allege that the 
couple smuggled arms into the 
country, travelled around 
seeking potential arms caches 
and were trying to organize 
escape rentes for fugitive op- 
ponents of the white minority 

Shortly after being arrested 
last Jane, Mr de Jonge, aged 
47, escaped to the diplomatic 
protection of the Netherlands 
Embassy. He was immediately 
dragged from the building by 
security policemen, bat was 
later returned 

Mrs Pastoors said m court 
she used written coded mes- 
sages tO I’M iHii winiO from 
insiie South Africa with the 
gudrrilla group, 

The Prince and Princess of Wales leaving a Concorde jet 
which took them to Vienna yesterday for a three-day visit 

Prince and 
in Vienna 
for festival 

From Richard Bassett 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales arrived in Vienna yes- 
terday for a three-day visit. 
After disembarking from a 
Concorde jet they were met at 
the airport by President 

The Prince and Princess are- 
in Vienna as patrons of the 
“Britain in Vienna” festival, 
which has been organized by 
diplomats and the British 
Council to acquaint Austrians 
with the best of British music, 
theatre and design. 

Highlights of the busy pro- 
gramme include a gala perfor- 
mance of Congreve's Love for 
Love at the Vienna Burgiheatr 
and an Elgar concert tonight 
performed by the Philhar- 
monia Orchestra. 

The Princess of Wales will 
also sample Viennese music 
when she visits the Vienna 
choirboys tomorrow. 

Although the festival is 
primarily a cultural event, 
British businessmen have tak- 
en advantage of the high 
profile the royal couple are 
lending to it 

Shop windows in Vienna 
have suddenly filled with after 
dinner mints and tins of 
English baked beans. 

Security arrangements are 
believed to be the tightest the 
city has known since the Pope 
visited Vienna in 1983. 

Svetlana reported 
free to leave 

Moscow (Reuter, AFP) — 
Stalin's daughter, Svetlana 
Alliluyeva, has received per- 
mission to leave the Soviei 
Union 17 months after she 
returned from the West, a 
Soviei journalist said 

Viktor Louis, who is often 
used to convey official Soviet 
information, said her Ameri- 
can-born daughter Olga, aged 
14, will leave Moscow tomor- 
row for Britain, where she will 
resume her studies at a Quaker 

Mr Louis said the former 
dictator's daughter, who is 59, 
will leave the Soviet Union 
later after a final visit to 
Georgia, where she has lived 

with OIe 
N ovemE 

i since her return in 
sr 1984 

She had been given an exit 
visa, but Mr Louis said she 
had no plans to accompany 
her daughter on the flight t<? 

A US Embassy spokesman 
said consular officials were in 
contact with Svetlana 
Alliluyeva, who is a US citizen 
by marriage. She returned 
from the Georgian capital of 
Tbilisi last month and moved 
into a Moscow hotel. 

The American Embassy 
would not comment except to 
recall that because she is an 
American citizen she does not 
need a visa to return to the 
United States. 

West will put pledges 
by Gorbachov to test 

By Henry Stanhope 

A recent hint by Mr 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader, 
that closer contacts between 
the peoples of East and West 
may be possible will be put to 
the test by Western countries 
at a conference opening today 
in Bern. 

At the Communist Party 

Congress is Moscow, the Sovi- 
et leader hinted at derisions 
that might be taken on reunit- 
ing families and expediting 
marriages between people of 
different countries. 

The Bern conference, at 

which other powers are hoping 
for proof of a more relaxed 
Russian policy, is the third on 
personal freedom in less than 
a year, all stemming from the 
Helsinki Final Act. The 
Soviet delegation is expected 
to guide the debate towards 
issues such as sporting links 
and meetings between young 
people. But the West is hoping 
for more positive progress 
towards freedom for families 
divided by the East- West fron- 
tier, for marriages and for 
people to travel at will to and 
from the Soviet Union. 

Well, there’s only one place if you want to be in the centre of 
UK production of fibre optics. Wales. 

Optical Fibres Ltd, Europe's biggest manufacturer; is on the Deeside Industrial Park in Clwyd. 
Just down the road is the Pilkington Group’s Optical Fibre Technologies. 

In South Wales, STC Telecommunications' Cable Products Division 
has just secured China’s first-ever order for fibre optics. 

Fibre optics technology is seen as the most significant development since the transistor, 
and Wales is well-established as the centre of operations with all the attendant 
back-up that new companies need. Specialist technology is booming in Wales, 
lb see how we could help you start up or move to Wales, 

Dial 100 and ask for Freefone Wales or send off the coupon. 

T I want to know] 

I about Wales I 


Company name. 




Send to 

to: Welsh Development Agency, PO Box 100, 

|jriMi4<MG GreyfriarsRMdCaj^iffCFIIWF J 




Artukovic trial 
begins with 
catalogue of 
wartime crimes 

From Dessa Trerisan, Zagreb 

The trial of Andrija 
Artukovic, the wartime Cro- 
atian Minister of the Interior, 
accused of the mass murder of 
civilians and prisoners of war, 
began before the district court 
here amid massive security. 
The defence made an unsuc- 
cessful attempt to have him 
declared menially and physi- 
cally unfit to follow 

The entire street was sealed 
off and the audience of around 
200, including journalists and 
officials, was thoroughly 
searched. A court official said 
this was 10 prevent the chil- 
dren of the victims taking 

Flanked by two policemen, 
Mr Artukovic shuffled into 
the court, a tiny, frail, white- 
haired figure one could hardly 
imagine as the dreaded Minis- 
ter of the Interior responsible 
for massacres of Jews and 
Serbs 42 years ago. He sat 
expressionless behind a bullet- 
proof glass partition. 

He dozed off occasionally, 
and gave the impression of a 
man totally detached and 

The defence, consisting of 

three lawyers he himself bad 
chosen, insisted that his con- 
dition had deteriorated, and 
he was incapable of following 
what was going on. 

But a panel of five doctors, 
including four psychiatrists 
and a heart specialist who 
have been in charge of him 
since be came here in Febru- 
ary. after being extradited 
from the US, said there were 
no signs of filing health and 
found him fit for trial. 

Mr Artukovic is charged 
with inspiring villagers with 
racial hatred, of organizing, 
ordering and implementing 
large-scale persecution which 
bad inflicted grievous suffer- 
ing and torture on, as well as 
causing the deaths of. hun- 
dreds of thousands of people 
including women and chil- 
dren, and “practising genocide 
against the Serbs and the 

Mrs Invanka Pjntar-Gajer, 
the district public prosecutor, 
said that Mr Artukovic be- 
longed with the “greatest and 
most notorious war criminals 
mankind has condemned in 
trials at Nuremberg and 

iMsm asset Manrir chief loses 

in Sudanese poll 

President Reagan chauffeurs the Japanese Prime Minister, Mr Yasnhiro Nakasone, in a 
golf cart during a break in their Camp David talks- (Report, Finance and Industry, page 21) 

From GUI Lusk, Khartoum 

White Nile province- foe 

home of the Mahdist move- 
ment on which his party was 

Returns yesterday ' after- 
noonshowed a convincing 
lead for the two traditional 
parties. The Umma bad 28 
g pftjg and the Democratic 
a poll that attracted nation- Unionists 29. The two pames 
wide attention. Crowds stood were therefore stili expected to 

form a coalition Government. 

The Islamic Front was do- 
ing slightly better than expect- 
ed in the capital, having won 
six of its 10 seats and one in 
Omdurman. Khartoum's twin 
city across the N2d. 

Two other Khartoum seats 
were taken by veteran Com- 
munists, including the parly 
chief, Mr Mobamed Ibrahim 

Ms Fatma Ahmed Ibrahim, 
who became a natio n al figure 
ivieanwuue, Mr ai-owug <u- after defying President 
Mahdi, the leader of the Nimeiry’s draconian emergen- 
National Umma Party, won a cy laws in 1984, lost to the 
landslide victory in Rabak, in Islamic Front in Burn. 

Dr Hassan Abdullah al- 
Turabi, the trader of Sudan's 
right-wing fundamentalists, 
has bees defeated in foe first 
free elections in foe country 
for 18 years. __ 

The National Islamic Front 
leader was contesting the 
Khartoum seat of d-Sabafa in 
a poll that attracted nation- 
wide attention. Crowds stood 
for horns outside the counting 
office to bear foe results. 

Dr aJ-Turabi. successively 
attorney-general legal adviser 
and foreign aflairs adviser to 
President Nimdiy, who was 
overthrown in east Ainu’s 
popular uprising, was unseat- 
ed m the working-class area by 
Mr Hassan Shibbo, a lawyer, 
of the Democratic Unionist 
Party, following an election 
pact- between four parties, 
including the Conuntmises. 
Meanwhile, Mr ai-Sadig al- 

Bardot and Deneuve 
to sue Roger Vadim 

s_ r . ,■ n\ tt:i n n 

Paris {.AFP) - Film stars 
Brigitte Bardot and Catherine 
Deneuve are each suing the 
film director, Roger Vadim, 
for 200,000 francs (about 
£20,000) over the French ver- 
sion of his autobiography 
which will appear this week. 

The English version. 

Bardot, Deneuve. Fonda, is 
currently being serialized in 
the American and British 

M Gilies Dreyfus, their 
lawyer, said that M Vadim 
and his publisher would be 
sued for invasion of privacy. 

Zia rejects election demand 

" L - ■» •_ - — . .. i.-—. — _ .r A. DmkmEi cmn 

From Hasan Akhtar 

There would be no ejections 
for foe next four years, Presi- 
dent Zia of Pakistan said 

General Zia was comment- 
ing on repeated calls for 
elections by Miss Benazir 
Bhutto, die acting chairman of 

late father's Pakistan 

People's Party. 

“The brothers and asters 
who had not taken part In foe 
ejections (in early 1985) 
should wait for a period of 
another four years,” he said. 

It was possible that the next 
elections would be held on a 
party basis. General Zia said. 

Miss Bhutto, who has been 

on a tour of the Punjab smee 
Friday, is becoming more ada- 
mant that the Government 
should order elec tio ns 
Site is reported to have said 
iu Gtqratxwala, an industrial 
town about 40 miles from 
Lahore, that her party would 
adopt a new line of action in 
case elections were not 





Monrovia (AFPJ Ip More 
than 200 tnem.bcis of Liberi a s 
operation United Feoofes 
party, including most of its 
leadership, have been arrest- 
ed. the independent Suntimes 
newspaper said yesterday. « 
It said Mr Btamo Nelson, 
the party’s deputy national 
chairman; Mir Alphonso 
Kawah, the secretary gerwraJ 
and Mr Nathaniel Beh, a local 
branch chairman, were among 
those arrested on Sunday dur- 
ing a political rally in a 
Monrovia suburb. 

The executive committee of 
foe four-party opposition co- 
alition said it viewed the 
arrests with grave dismay and 
demanded foe i mmediate re- 
lease of the detainees. 

The UPP was the last 
political grouping to join foe 
coalition, a shaky i 2lhance- 
which sought to speak with s* 
unified voice to ensure the 
continued existence of multi- 
party democracy in the West 
African country. 

The reported arrests came 
after growing social discon- 
tent, with a teachers* strike 
that erupted, into violence last 
month, and increased calls by 
opposition politicians to hold 
fresh elections. 

The general elections in 
October were won by Presi- 
dent Doe's National Demo- 
cratic Party of Liberia 



ftbull miss the Qs when you fly through Terminal 4) 

Right on cue, Terminal 4 at Heathrow opened 
on April 12rh. 

If you re ihiag with British Airways to Paris or 
Amsterdam, or any intercontinental destination, 
you’ll find ir uite different from other terminals. 
First the sheer size of the place: 64 Check-In 

desks mean far less congestion and less ueueing. 

This uni ue uality of calm continues all the 
way through to boarding. 

Avoiding lifts, stairs and escalators you can 
lrickly wheel your trolley direcr from car to plane. 
There’s easy access by road, parking for 3,200 

cars, a brand new Underground station and our 
own fast, fre uent bus service from Terminal 1 for 
passengers connecting from domestic flights. 

In fact everything's organised to help yon fly 
through Tmmina] 4 iit double- uickrime. 

Anv uestions? 

British Airways 

Kremlin succumbs 
to video craze 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

After years of indecision, 
the Soviet Union has decided 
that by 1995 a new range of 
quality video equipment must 
be produced domestically to 
meet demand. 

At present this is largely 
satisfied by a thriving black 
market on winch an imported 
video recorder can fetch 
£2,500, and tapes of {vestige 
film* from the West such as 
The Godfalh&, Rarnbo and 
last year s Live Aid concert, 
retail for about £140 apiece. 

Private showings are fre- 
quently arranged, with en- 
trance fees of £5 or more. 
Actors fluent in foreign lan- 
guages can earn op to £50 a 
time for dubbzng Russian 
commentaries oyer Western 
cassettes: . These axe copies 
made by local enthusiasts; ! 
who often borrow the master 
copy Iran Westerir acquain- 

A new lesohxtian, passed fry 
foe Central Committee and 
the Council of Ministers, calls 
for a drastic restructuring of 
the video industry, emphasiz- 
ing that locally made cameras, 
recorders and tapes are not up 
to standard. 

A represents a complete 
break with the 1970s, when 
video technology was out' 
lawed because ft was seen as a 
dangerous invention designed 

to undermine the Kremlin's 
near-monopoly on inform- 

Western diplomats said it 
was another step in Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov’s cam- 
paign to bridge the technology 
gap between East and West 

It follows the establishment 
of 12 “video saloons’* to 
counter foe black market by 
renting out ideologically ac- 
ceptable films. The most pop- 
ular is near foe centre of 
Moscow, and crowds of sever- & 
al hundred can be seen every 
weekend staring at foe single 
screen in the window. 

Hie shop rents out local 
films for 24 hours for £1.50. It 
explained recently that West- 
. era titles in stock were not 
availablefrecause they had not 
yet been, priced. 

The decision was preceded 
by press reports complaining 
that local video owners were 
resorting to Western Aims 
because there was no Soviet 

It was foreshadowed at the 
Party Congress in February, 
when Mr Viktor Chebrikov, 
head of the KGB, alluded to 
the growing video craze and 
told delegates: “This, in itselfa 
good and progressive phe- & 
nomenon, is being used by 
some people to spread ideas 
atien to us.” 


Kostadin and Emil Kalmakov 

By Caroline Moonhead 

A father and sou in Bulgar- 
ia, both war roasters, are 
currently undergoing a series 
of prosecutions and prison 
sentences, the son for refusing 
military service, foe father for 

Emil Kostadfnov Kalmakov 
is 24, and has so for served 
foar-and-a-baif yean in foe 
prison in Burgas, east Bulgar- 
ia, for rousting joining the 
Army. Released hurt summer, 
he now faces a fresh sentence 
as a “repeated criminaT after 



His bother, Kostadin Ang- 
elov Kalmakov, in his hie 
fifths, who is thought to have 
been tortured, is in foe politi- 
cal prison in Stara Zagnra, in 
centra! Bulgaria, for “anti- 
state propaganda”. 

The jaitiag of consekstions 
objectors to military service is 
s till com mon in more than 60 
countries, though no one has 
any idea how many young men 
are now in prison for this. Both 

Emil nod Kostadin object to 
conscription on retigUun 
grounds, though Emil has said 
fie would take alternative civil- 
ian work instead of military 

The Kalmakovs come from 
Karnobat, and as a family 
have a tradition of pacifism. In 
his youth, Kostadin was jailed 
for five years for refusing 
military service. 

These repeated political de- 
tentions ensure that neither 
man can hope for decent 
employment wheo released. 
After refusing his militar y 
service En*a was e« penai 
from adversity, where he was 
studying geology. Waiting to 
be re-arrested last autumn he. 
worked in a factory, at foe 
lowest level, with no hope of 

and his son Emil, both of whom 
have suffered imprisonment for refariageoraniod^ 

Sydney press angers Jakarta 

Sutao of Indonesia have 

The worlds favourite airline 

shady business deals has 
thrown relations between Aus- 
tafoyesia into<Sfcfc 
ft? Australian 
journalists ^betng banned by 

<To " y DabonaS 

The article in foe Sydnev 
Morning Herald last week 
caused foe cancellation on 

fnday njgbt of a visit » 
AiKtraKaby Dr Yusu Habibie, 
jtadonesia's Research and 
Technology Minister. 

Mr Bill Hayden, foe Anstra^ 
lian Foreign Minister, is be* 
neved to be deeply concerned 
at toe daman * jo priarians 

caused by fog artide. 

. His office said that journal- 
seeking entry to cover 
•resident Reagan’s scheduled 
meeting with Asean leaders in 
next week can expect visa 



% j 




12,0 i 


' K ^ 

? 5» fe 

: ' ■ S F 


* ^ 

6 ti & K 

k a? fi b 

11 Yf~%T TT ' 

% k /i is p I | 

V V 'W W -Ly. 

£>. fa IS k V s ; 

"Eg £"*<' §j 

j&* tf V* 3 

"f y y £< 

JL JL.^ KJJk. Y Y %»-> X- 

¥ -Ci. nc%c% r%f% r% 

t =f.i Ji h. Ia a a f 

£&tv'JL& p %=A ^A-A <& vh*/ v Av 

>“ * s 

In the last four years our pre-tax profits have risen by lCt L: o. Our earnings per share have grown by 1^-9%. 

Proof, indeed, that Guinness is a sound investment. 

rpnp T^lf f~% 

H JiCl/O jL JL«A*x 

' This advertisement is put 
their knowledge and belie 
on information supplied b 





Aquino with rebel 
session of parliament 

.. Oallnn 

From Keith Dalton. Manila 
Members of the old parlia- 

, nhp« of the old pailia- called for local elections on 

poroC“SS Waring vacant all local 


terday as 93 members of Mr J^S^Aquinogovem- more than 100 governors and 
Mareossfonaer ruUng ^rtv *wonstimtionar mayors, resulting m many 

convened a rebel session of men^ u of bilter provincial squabbles be- 

the now-defunct National and .’‘J^SedienSt tween Marcos loyalists and 

u. «id a “negligible Aquino <mmaaL, 

Sdeasubu^hoSlyes- P™ «g*«^ 

as 93 membeis of Mr fe Jj** 


46 pilgrims 
to death 

t ,_ 

terday as 93 memoere oi iw u*. ™t-- a • * BQvero . 

Marcos's former ruling partv jounced ^p° bt ^ onal " 

convened a rebel session of meni « “hnco^umuo ^ 


Two people were shot and 

civil disobedience. 

He said a “negligible 

j wo people were aiiui ojiu nc 
23 policemen were injured majority’ of peop ,e in Ma n ‘“ 
several hours earlier in a had joined the revolt which 
nearbv suburb by stone- toppled the Marcos regjnt 
throwing supported ot * , Mr . hkAta 

Marcos, now living in exile in to ft 'JSSSSfid 

Hawaii. . 

The 90-minute melee m San 
Juan left at least 15 other 
people injured, police said. 
The National Assembly 

He said a negiigiD e ^ Juan ^ash * the 

majonty of^^inMan^ + incident m 

113(1 M.rr^reLme. weeks of often-bloody street 

toppled the Marcos regime. h , : n many towns and 


to the vice-presidency, sma 1- ^j officials from bam- 
ihe defunct assembly retained "n tt 

lli£ defunct assemmyreuuucu ^STt*****- 

a popular mandate. According to the Aqumo 

“By meeting today, we show Government, the six-year 

iho TWinlp who lnml anownmnl 

building has been barricaded, OCKllvu 

its staff sacked, and funds cut ^ 0 f us or criticize us, we 
off since its abolition on would have betrayed the 
March 25 by President people’s trust for our personal 
Corazon Aquino. convenience. 

The fonner assembly mem- Commonly regarded as a 
bers of ibe Marcos-founded -jobber stamp” parliament 

. . uuYniuu»u>, — < — 

our faith in the people who 0 ffoe local government 

elected us. If we had been pffipfois expired on March 2. 
deterred by those who make Bul new polls have been 
a— n F .IQ nr criticize US. We rimnA l fwcdhlv until No- 

Face in a crowd: Nick 

magistrate Murray Farquhar. Bottom left. Sergeant 

£^hl (Kcutcr axidA^ — At 


■ tmmm jye^ags 

$mm SttslSS 

centre, jailed for cannabis plot Top right jsjjjjd Dweep into the 

^ ^^Rogerson, charged «i* nnsc»ndua gJ-JEKE 

^ .1/vn 

/ f 1 

i i 

. "• y t <** &*■ 

- r. . ^ -- tv- 

magt 5 »raw iwuiray ^ 4 “^““- - — 

Barrels full of rotten apples 
sour police and politics 

tw, Cf^hPnTnvtor. Sydney 

of the month-loi®Kht™b 

Mela festival wastes away 

ttefcsi®- -r- . 

. From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

. . tw nine has had on aD manner of intern a nnual - ^ (jovenuncm hx 

i£ss SeSSSwt" sarews sst-w— 

!»"*■ «“» -*« B i?j^£SftoSNSW SST MM* ■< Odn^e J^S^ScdnnhKffl 

lucriur 1— — . . 

doctors tryh* 

injured at the 

hS tod 

; v v ST, 

lai ui» — = — . c 

to the Government lor ^ 

r^j'^ZT^nsw ^STrhc^tt: 

SrBoba«,b«J»W. -few was n* 

oeterreu uy uiwv »•»«* new puus ua*w _ 

fun of us or criticize us, we postponed, possibly until No- 
would have betrayed the vember, while a new constitu- 

lull W* — - - j UUJipVU*«q r- * 

would have betrayed the vember, while a new consutu- 
people’s trust for our personal don j s (hawn up on orders of 

...manr# 1/ An.Mnn 

convenience. Mrs Aquino. 

Commonly regarded as a Like most of those so rar 
rubber stamp” parliament replaced, Mr Joseph Estrada, 
.x... mamlwrc nmp plrtlfd .ha nuvnr nf San Juan, is DTO- 

bers oi ioe wiaiLU3nwugiut« -robber stamp paniameni replaced, Mr josepn cstraca, 
New Society Movement rn embers were elected the mayor of San Juan, is pro- 

(KBL) party had to convene jn f rau( j^ainted general Marcos, and although dis- 
two miles away at the .Asian e | ectionill j 984. the assembly missed three weeks ago, he 
Institute of Tounsm Hotel. ^ (j^jjanded amid general relinquished power only last 
The “re-convening of the pQpyja,- approval. "Friday. . ^ 

assembly was to protest at the -—-—.Mu mew! But 'because his followers 

abolition of the ^00-member The conrinueTm barricade his 

parliament when Mrs Aquino resolutions .... ... office, his replacement, Mr 

assumed sweeping legislauve ** ° f ^ R^aldoSanPascuaf arrived 

ooweis one month after a to assume his duties with a 

shmer Bob Shepherd raised a nSTto indiribials who 


New South Wales Police De- - , S I’ iurestigathm started 

SEtBftM p nn 2 ® 1 , . n 

Australia gsSr 5 

MEfir Part2 TSK s ™ 

“SfSffc — 

sumed after the stampede and, 
more than, three milhoo of an 

sedety. ^ more than three ffliffiPB of an - 

One ra resfa^ta m ^nated four oulhon 

after police Knitted a crowding the small city ted 

underworld figure with ^ hit-pn their feotv dip by midday. 

aadawwld fig*®® 

medical director of Sydney 


taken their hot 

Al least 51 
killed in a 

people were 

stampede at 

loiter a care ©«tmaw^» legations of corru ption te ng top**®®®* 

legal nsearebff JSSlSrStoite Goventm ent .Hmuitiiis to the 

mpital and . kiDed m a stampede at 
Tie magistrate ww Mr Haidwar in 1954 during the 
Murray Fanjahsc, wno was whit* draws, more 

wivaL which draws, more 

« jI - — — MsHaAMlia 

OToSel State Gownment sorting to 

SiSSSS ma ssa^a g 

tera^a blind eye t* 

parliament when Mrs Aquino 
assumed sweeping legislative 
ooweis one month after a 

r « micfori 

powers one month after a ^ i moriOS£ A th e draft- to assume his duties with a 

E P &S VOhOUSled CffJSSiMl police escort. 

Kem in the world. - 

According to Hindu mylhol- 

ji imm Min /%F tk»ffUn* 

rather wry flavour these days. 

TL. nMlAc llf>nW IMK 

was sentence d® 

20 5*®?' ptoes on earth haQowed by 

month for loastenfflo^M Kmnbh, a jar of 

® oonfprt with Kmnbh, a jar 

tonmigESngJ^ nectar churned up by theses 

■ cannabis resm- lroni- ™ th« « 

-rtempt to mqwt 
ortfagfquma tesreaH. lronj- 
ifly. tikes’ Bffldenrond oom- 
tuigais still at Bberty. 

The tested says the gpds: 
g to li . the jar fiom the demons, 

■inioais still I at Bberty. and soilted some of the nectar 

“, a paradise in 12 days, winch is. 

gLl to 12 Earth years. 

tried to suppress the ffliot ram 
trade. New the currency of 
corruption is baoin. . . 

But the pictere ts jwt 
oartUetedly Weak. Tte Inter- 
nal Security Unrt (ISU), es- 

taMished two years a^o to root 
out the “blue mafia”, b * hard 
core eff reliaMe, “dean" 

officers. . _ 

Chinese ii 
leaks case 

writing (Reuter) — A Chi- ‘ 
nese state company employee 

ncen>. . - r . nese suuc “*4-%” 

la addition to the ESU time ^ executed -yesterday for 
maw a tan echefe m the imUm -state secrets to foreign 

fo now a top echelon in the state secrets to foreign : 

state force which even the businessme n and taking 

ere, the present imwwnn.«>» emptoyea oya 
John Avery, is aaud to be n central Orinese province of 

aF nfflultv nmr ranfmwwi tn death 

employed by a foctonf in the 

df«n atoj, »■ — v,.- central y- 

uan rf-ansuestiB®aMe probity Shanxi was sentenced to demh 
and iategnty. •• . for corruption after selling $1 

An influential judicial figtue minimi on the black market, 

says M A start is behrenute. the ShooM Daily reported.^ 

jynamni i u M|v wi H — ■ — muui m uu uiw ■ » 

says: “A start » being nrede. the ShanXi Daily reported. 

Its effort is Hteked by rae lack --The two rases were die first 
of support a small jmd eowa- aieath sentences ih arampaign 
aeons ptnp d poficemrai are jnlmg Co mm u n ist 

getting from the: federal and p^ty to weed corrupt officials 


^7v^ r rr» 

eettiag from the federal and p^rty to weed comipt officials 

New Send* Wales Govern* ranks. 

wwite. Bat h's a start all tte in the Peking case, Zhang 

same.” . • Changsheng, aged Ji. was 

Intenialdeaa-upopevJitions sentenced to death for leaking 

have beat assisted greatly by secrets to foreign and 

phane-tapping Pavers, which Hotg Kong businessmen and 

hi me eddbrated • la^ance taking bribes. 

iumtkniijrs VHB a - r« tho CJi 

C-T ' 


pnmaea ibtouk***® a In the Shanxi case, the 
irindfoil, indenturing >n fewer Shanxi Daily said the manag- 
thaa 58 poficemeit constituting er and deputy manager of an 
a network of info r m an ts, at ^ electronics fartoiy in Taiyuan 
nMDinnhtors ofletkl proceed- «»v derided to sell SI million 


mw ft'’ Sydney’s ™ *“**• on me dhu uuum^ «»**• 
In the part two weeks serai recraited a saleanan, Wang 
senior pol icem en taw been £hunbua, and another man to 
charged with _ mrsesndnet ar ra n g e tiie deal 

dty decided to seD $1 million 

• on the blade market and 

•— »b«-. r“._rr -it arrange the deal 

They fedude a bighly-respect- yhe salesman was sen- 
ed detective inspertre, Nehon tenced to death, the assistant 
Chad, who has acted as a fectory manager received a 
bodyguard for Prince Charles len _ year jail sentence and the 

a luun. —» I m H iliiml M . ■■ ■■■w— A mI tlinwL. 


ouajgwuu hb hum y ten-year jau keuicuu; ouu uk 

and had been marked do wn as manag er a suspended three- 
petential cmamMsieoer mate- ygg. sentence. 

The Government may be committed to 
foster the long-term growth of Britain’s 
small businesses. 

But, in the short term, a Victor computer 
could do a lot more. VAT, invoicing, accounts, 
payroll, planning and typing to name but six. 

You see, Victor computers are designed to 
help you run your business and free you to get 
on with expanding it. 

Victor computers are IBM* compatible, 
to run any of the 2000 or more programs 
available. So you can choose precisely the 

software best suited to what you want. 

And Victor prices start at a soothing 
£1,199 all-in, not an overdraft-inducing £3,899. 

So, the choice as to how to improve your 
business is yours. 

The Victor PC. Or the PM. 

of Ershad 
fights on 

From Ahmed Fad 

Begum Khaleda Zia. the 
leader of the Bangladesh op- . 
position who is challenging 
President Ershad’s right to 
bold partiamentaiy polls next 
month, vowed she would con- 
tinue to lead a campaign of 
protest until General Ersted. 

Begum Zia, whose seven-. 


party alliance is boycotting foe 
May 7 election, toidn rally of : 
between 40,000 and 50,000 ' ■ 
people in the north-eastern. . 
town of Sylbet that the eteo- ; ' 
tions were an international ,~ 
conspiracy to legalize the mib- ;• ; 

“ r I ^SiiJ ,,onE 

Wazed, whose Awami League . 

poBce bsengchy was is the largest opposition party . . 

“fit me up and that S v ath con testing the etectioct, of-; ' 
w^apolfee hrfbrauuit. betSyin| the ■> 

kfeg following day, as Sex- movement for democracy' *=- •• ! 
geant Rogerson was being Begum Zia repeated hercaiT ; 
charged, a calculated attempt for the withdrawal of the four- 
was made to ran Smtth down year-old martial few, the re-\— 
“S' a hotel /jette d by « tease of political prisoners andvj 
pohoemm dfandss^ from foe General Ershad’s resignation ' : 
^ rarlier m Ite year for before ^ 

■"““““to- . , • Students dash: One student v 

Snutii, too, was .ujtemewte of wounds received wbetiC*'. 

on teknswn. He darned fliat leftist militants dashed;* - - 
police and foe radoworid had m Rajshahi University in - 
; te * nwd °P to Kpl hm- northern Bangladesh at. 'the;--:: 

Condoded weekend. - ; v 

For your nearest Victor dealer, call 
01-200 0200 or send us the coupon. 


Sr T* ■■ ^r-VT^ i: 

Unit 1 .The Valley Centre, High Wycombe, 
Bucks HP13 6EQ.Tel: 0494450661. 


f:. <v'~- 






Murphy retrial starts 

Melbourne - The jury in ney. It is alleged that he tried 
foe second Inal of Mr Justice to influence proceedings in- 
Lionel Murphy was told yes- volving Mr Ryan, 
today that it would hear 

evidence about foe continuing ^ MrlanCal l LDa^QCforfoe 
friendship between Mr Justice Crown, had told foe court that 

w A nriltro nffirpr OfAilul 

Ck-V J -- !v * 





1 | Central Cr imi nal Court, Syd- 63, pleaded not guilty. 

menosmp oeiween Mr Justice V - 1 

Murphy and Mr Morgan a federal police officer wouW 
Ryan, a Sydney solicitor tow Mr Jusface Murphy 
(Tony Duboudin writes). introduced him to Mr Ryan, as 

The retrial of Mr Justice an old friend. 

Murphy, the third-ranking Thatfriendfom, foe Qown 

iuHoC nf thft HiMi P nurt nf oTIaiur .. ..i mm nt 

■*6 Dv 




t JCs 

All the 

Sir William Heseltine has just taken over 
as the Queen’s personal adviser. It is a 
pivotal, if unsung, role and more 
daunting than ever, writes Alan Franks 

I t is getting harder by the 
year to be the Queen’s 
personal adviser. After 34 
years of monarchy, during 
which there have been no 
fewer than eight prime min- 
isters, she has acquired a mast ery 
~ of the business of her own 
. spokesmamhip. Add to that a 

formidable memory for constito- 
< . tional niceties and a profound 
interest in the relations between 
politics and the Crown and you 
have a bed of nails for the 
professionals whose task it is to 
launder her utterances for public 
4 consumption. 

None the Jess the office of 
private secretary to the Queen 
remains a pivotal if unsung role, 

. and in the succession of its five 
incumbents since the Coronation 
. . can be read the .history of a 
mellowing and adapting 

_ ■*- Crudely, the five can be divided 
j \ „ into the two categories of cautious 
V. and innovative, the former con- 

? sisting of Sir Alan Lascelles, who 

: . had been private secretary to 

George VI for the last nine years of 
his reign and whom the Queen 
; : V - - inherited for the first year of hers; 
u \C„ Sir Michael Adeane, whose tenure 
ran for a record 19 years from 
19S3 to 1972, and Sir Philip 
Moore, whose retirement makes 
way for the new occupant of the 
post, the 55-year-old Australian, 
Sir William Heseltine. 

This last, together with Lord 
- Charteris, who was the Queen's 
• private secretary between 1972 
and 1977, constitute the second 
category. Hie job has devolved 
from one of oldrStyle courtier to 
one of worldly neo-coloniaL 
Indeed, the hand of Prince 
Philip can be clearly detected in 
the appointment of Heseltine and 
. . . in the clear mferenoe?hat,.m 1986, 

pie interests of the monarchy are 
inextricably bound up with, those 
of the Commonwealth. 

But while there has-been a 
palpable shift in the character of 
the Queen's “eyes and ears”, the 
essential brief of the job remains 
unaltered; it is, at its most 
mundane, to keep the monarch 
abreast of the nation's social and 
political developments and, at its 
most momentous and as yet 
academic, to advise her on the 
proper constitutional course of 
action in the event of a hung 
Parliament Accordingly, the dis- 
charging of the Junction calls for a 
daunting combination of social 
skill and political acumen. 

If the private secretary’s job has 
become apparently downgraded in 
the Palace hierarchy during the 1 
past 20 years, this is attributable to 
two distinct but related matters — 
firstly the Royal Family’s in- 
creased popularity and attendant 
compliance with the demands of 
the media, and secondly the 
ascendancy of the Queen's princi- 
pal press secretary, the flamboyant 
yet defensive part-time fiction 
writer Mr Michael Shea. 

The first private secretary dur- 
ing the present reign, lascdles. 
was nothing if not a member of the 
magic order grandson of the 
fourth Lord Harewood, on the 
Duke of Windsor’s staff between 
1 920 and 1929, and then assistant 
private secretary to George V; he 
was also a thumping reactionary, 
resigning from the Reform Chib 
when it voted to admit women, 
and probably contributing more 
than any other to the blocking of 
the proposed marriage between 
Princess Margaret and Peter 

- Sir Michad Adeane was scarce- 
ly more of a modernist; Eton, 
Cambridge, Coldstream Guards, 

Working monarch: the Queen at her desk in Buckingham Palace early in her reign 
since 1953 — Sir Alan Lascelles, Sir Michael Adeane, Lord Charteris, Sir Philip 

and, from left, her personal advisers 
Moore and Sir William Heseltine. 

and then assistant private secre- 
tary to George VI from 1937 to 
1 9SZ And yet, like his profession- 
al forebears and successors, he was 
capable of the Aon mol and the 
apparently irreverent brand of 
humour born of breeding. The 
story goes that he once cut short a 
conversation with the broadcaster 
Basil Boothroyd in- the corridors 
of the Palace, thus: “Please forgive 
me, but I lave just learnt that my 
house is on fire. I wouldn’t mind, 
but as it is part of St James's 

Despite his very different na- 
tional pedigree, Heseltine has in 
common with his predecessors a 
long period of apprenticeship at 
the Palace, having succeeded 
Commander Richard Colville as 
the Queen’s press secretary 18 
years ago- The job of PS is now as 

sensitive as it has ever been, and 
this for reasons that can be traced 
back to 1963 when the Palace 
appeared to connive in the outgo- 
ing Prime Minister Harold Mac- 
millan to install bis preferred 
successor Alec Douglas-Home 
against Rab Butler. 

A ccording to one emi- 
nent monarchist and 
former member of 
the Cabinet, it was 
Philip Moore’s ap- 
pointment which 
broke the traditional mould of the 
private secretary as a member of 
tibe propertied upper classes. Here 
was a professional Civil Servant, a 
man from Whitehall rather than 
Winchester, proving that the 
Queen could be advised as well by 
a careerist as a courtier. 

And yet, you know, there is an 

argument for saving that it's 
wrong to recruit from the Civil 
Service, simply because it is there, 
as always, to serve the government 
of the day. The interests of the 
government and those of the 
Queen are not necessarily the 
same, not by any means. 

“One doesn’t want awful old 
fuddy-duddies in the job, of 
course. Particularly if it should 
come to considering a hung Parlia- 
ment and the whole question of 
dissolution. This present one, 
Heseltine, is clearly an excellent 
choice. Very shrewd, very affable 
and very sound.” 

The private secretaries, says 
royal biographer Elizabeth Long- 
ford. have traditionally had the 
public image of being tweedy and 
anti-intellectual. “But that is not 
true. What these men have in 

common is that they have all been 
terrific individuals regardless of 
their backgrounds. Even in 
Adeane's day, although he was 
very cautious in temperament, 
there were changes. He aid 1 impose 
himself from time to time. For 
example, he was very keen on the 
Queen going on tour to Ghana in 
the 1960s. even though many 
members of the Cabinet opposed 

“She now has huge experience 
and expertise of her own. She’s 
also very interested in the media; 
when she takes part in a film she 
always does so with the utmost 
professionalism. When it comes to - 
what you might call big show- 
downs. she always follows her own 
counsel. I am thinking of the 
occasion on which she accused a 
Fleet Street editor of being pomp- 

ous for suggesting that Princess 
Diana should send a footman out 
to the shops when she wanted a 
packet of fruit gums. When she 
said that, she did follow it with a 
smile, but she*d said it none the 

The PS is undisputed head man 
in his own office, with beneath 
him a deputy private secretary, an 
assistant private secretary, a de- 
fence services secretary, a press 
secretary, two assistant press sec- 
retaries and several clerks. He is 
also officially the keeper of the 
Queen's archives and needs to be 
able to call on an intimate 
knowledge of diplomacy and for- 
eign affairs. 

A sense of humour does not 
come amiss, as Lord Charteris was 
wont to demonstrate. In 1956 he 
wrote to the photographer Cecil 
Beaton reminding him that the 
copyright of any picture taken of 
the Queen automatically belonged 
to her, and concluding Jus note 
so watch it”. 

B y all accounts it is a 
gruelling task, carrying 
as it does the responsi- 
bility for filling the 
Queen's diary with aJL 
but her private engage- 
ments. The salary is undisclosed, 
but the job carries with it accom- 
modation at Windsor Castle and 
St James's Palace. 

“The main thing about it”, says 
one source close to the Royal 
Family, "is ihat you must be in the 
mind of your employer, you must 
be sensitive to public relations, 
and above ail absolutely non- 
political. You have to be a 
political eunuch. If any party 
thinks you are favouring another 
in some way, God help you. It is 
the Queen whom you are serving, 
first, second and last. She is a 
highly intelligent woman, with her 
own views. Like any intelligent 
woman, she wants the best advice 
available. Anything less will not 

With his sprightly line in Aussie 
humour and his degree in philoso- 
phy and Australian History (a 
first) from the University of 
Western Australia, Sir William 
Heseltine looks like a far cry from 
his four predecessors. But his 
pedigree remains impressive, for 
not only has he served his time at 
the Palace, be also has the unique 
distinction of already having acted 
as adviser to another head of state, 
former Australian Prime Minister 
Bob Menzies. That, however, was 
30 years ago, when Heseltine 
himself was a mere 25 and the 
young Queen Elizabeth just four 
years into her reign. Both have 
come a long way since then. 

C tomorrow ) 

How the Queen holds 
Commonwealth together 

For 120 minutes they were the most 
famous football team in the world. 

Even people with no mterestm football 
glued to their TV sets, watching 
England win the 1966 World Cup against 

We SSS!as happened to these eleven 
heroes since they hung up them boote- 

In a . 90 minute -documentary calie 

Tlje Boys of ’66 - England’s Last Glory,’ 
Michael Parkinson calls up the World Cup 
winning side to recapture those glorious, 
heady days. And he finds out what they 
-are doing- now. 

As youd expect most have pursued a 
further career in football 

Bobby Chariton now coaches’ young 
football hopefuls. But others have moved . 

into totally different fields. 

Rill back Ray Wilson now makes a 
living* as a funpral director. George 
Cohen has built up a successful property 
development company. 

And Roger Hunt, once the scouigp of 
opposition defences, manages a haulage 
contracting firm in Wanington. 

Television South has produced The 

Boys of W to celebrate the 20th anniver- 
sary of England’s triumph. 

It will be screened on the ITV net- 
work tonight at 10.30 pm. 

Take your seats and enjoy once again 
tlie Bo^ of '66 winning the World Cup. 
.An achit *vpment it •/ vim 

wnuldbenicetosee - " ' g w 
tin » Boy-* t if *86 repeat. A name to watch out for. 



Nicaragua: the 

The US House of Representatives is about 

to vote on President Reagan’s controversial 

aid package. John Carlin assesses the 

Contra forces and their leading figures 

, A 

■.Si'#*, yv:- £i ;; *■'£' v*;" ,V. • : - x. ‘"Sr- . .. , .■ : 1 

The Contras. Nicaragua's counter- 
revolutionaries, have been likened 
by President Reagan to America's 
founding fathers, its leaders to 
Winston Churchill in World War 
Two. Mr Reagan describes the 

Contras as “freedom fighters" 
fighting a battle on behalf of the 

fighting a battle on behalf of the 
entire hemisphere against what he 
sees to be Nicaragua’s Sandinista 
tyranny”, a “Communist 


■Population: Three million 
■Size: 129,500 sq km 
■Capital: Managua (pop. 

■Reflgtorr. Overwhelmingly 
Roman Catholic 

Spanish; son* 


' - 

. w & - 4 

the United States's southern 

The core of today's Contra 
forces began conspiring immedi- 
ately after the Sandinista rebels 
overthrew dictator Anastasio 
Soraoza in July 1979. Officers of 
Somoza's much-feared National 
Guard, plus Nicaraguan exiles in 
Miami — mainly rich business- 
men sympathetic to Somoza — 
looked on in frustration, howev- 
er, as the then President Carter 
poured economic aid into 

When Mr Reagan took power in 
1981, he immediately cut off US 
assistance and sought ways to 
provide “coven” help to the 
Nicaraguan malcontents. 

Once the Contras had received 
American backing, as well as the 
support of several disenchanted 
Sandinisias, their theory was that 
a few military actions would be 
enough to spark a general uprising. 
The supposition was — and it still 
is among many today, even in 
Washington — that their own dis- 
content with “the Communists” 
was shared by a population near 
boiling point. 

The Contras have 
never looked worse 

Some four years into the fight- 
ing. however, with nearly $100 
million of American aid received, 
the Contras have never bren in 
worse shape. More than 20,000 
Nicaraguans have died, hundreds 
of young men on both sides have 
been mutilated, the country’s 
economy has sustained losses in 
exoess of SI billion yet both 
diplomats and the more candid 
Contra leaders admit that the 
Sandini stas' grip on power 1ms 
never looked more solid. 

Not that there is a shortage of 
anti-government feeling. But the 
Contras have foiled to t ransfor m 
that discontent into support for 
their armed struggle. One reason is 
the vastly improved performance 
of a Sandinista army well- 
equipped with Soviet arms and 
trained by Cuban army officers. 

But of equal importance, per- 
haps, has been the widespread 
perception of the Contras as so- 
called Sonwcistas. In the country- 
side where they operate— the 
Contras have never penetrated a 
major city — people often refer to 
them as La Guardia, the (Nation- 
al) Guard. The prejudice has been 
confirmed in the eyes of many by 
Contra atrocities: murders, rapes 
and kidnappings documented by 
Amnesty International and other 
human rights organizations. Such 


■Resources: Coffee, cott o n, 
sugar, cattle, fishing 

>" — 

. ——JJ*' ■: . • Jp • u- • f J <•’* • • • - 


[*San Salvador 



noms de guerre among Contra 
forces as “rattlesnake”, “coyote”, 
“suicide” and “cancer” have often 
tended to be only too well chosen. 

Besides, the Contras have 
shown themselves to be woefully 
incompetent guerrilla fighters, 
poorly trained and badly led. An 
attack last November pointedly 
dramatized the military 

Breaking an elementary rule of 
guerrilla warfare - always use the 
cover of darkness — a Contra 
column attacked a small town just 
as dawn was breaking. The young 
militiamen defending the town 
held out for several hours, giving 
themselves more than enough 
time to radio for help. The 
Sandinista local command sent in 
one of its Soviet helicopter 

The Contras fled and, across 
open ground and in broad day- 
light, the helicopter “tore them to 
shreds” in the words of one 
appalled foreign military observer. 

Both senior Contra leaders and 
American officials say extensive 
trai nin g, key tactical ch a n ge* and 
new field commanders are re- 
quired if the Contra are ever to 
pose a si gnifican t threat to the 

At the moment the great major- 
ity of the Contras, more than 70 
percent, are paralysed behind the 
Honduran border. The estimated 
2,500 still operating inside Nicara- 
gua, mainly in the sparsely popu- 
lated province of Chontales, are 
said by military observers to be 
“Needing to death”. The great 
hopes nourished by American 
support four years ago are in mins 
today and there are many who 
believe that with or without 
President Reagan's assistance, the 
Contras are a beaten army force. 

r ^ __ _ ■ . . ■: t ■ : ^ 1 '' 


Leading nan: Edea Pasters, the mmt pepribr gaerrfita chief 


Tins group chums am flu 
20,000 c o mbat a nts bat probably 
has fewer than 12,000. 

Commander-in-chief: Adolfo 
Calero. He was general manager of 
Nicaragua's Cocs-Cola concession 
until Somoza's fall in 1979. Amer- 
ican educated, he is repeatedly 
linked to the CIA. la practice, he is 
ante FDN pdUtical than mftftary 

Military commander Enrique 
Bennadez. Former colonel in 
Somoza's National Guard and 

military attache in Washisgta*. 

The fiercely anti-Comniuist 
FDN is by for the of the 
Contra forces and receives the 
lion's share of US finding. It also 
has foe fin— barking ef Mi- 
ami-based Nicaraguan exiles and 
private American “anti- 
Comnmalst" groups. 

FDN troops are based in camps 
just inside the ragged awntafo- 
oos Headman border and are q. 
censed of atrocities ag ainst Sm B- 
Iiicta officials -sy »: ■; yatfiivpT *- 


197&Sandlnista revolutionary 
triumph. Dictator Somoza 
flees to Miami, anting 40 

Sokfiers of Somoza's 
National Guard flee to 
neighbouring Central 
American countries. 

I960: Handful of National Guard 
officers form ragged Army of 
National Liberation and 
make sporadic Incursions 
into Nicaragua from the 
Honduran border. 

1981: Reagan elected. He cuts off 
aid to Sandhristes and 
orders CIA "covert aid” 
worth nearly $20 mfltion to 
the Nfcaraguan rebels, now 
operating m four loosely led 

1982: FDN, ARDE and Atlantic 
Coast Rebel groups Itirmsd, 
pressuring Sandinista 
government from north, 
south and east CIA and 
. Argentine army provide 
training and financing valued 
at $30 mfflion. Sarxfinistas 
report 78 acts of combat this 
year, five times more than in 
1981. Economic sabotage 
becomes key strategy. 

1983: FDN mfftary Infrastructure 
soldiers. OA training yields 
fnA and 600 combats 

registered this year, a 
dramatic stepping up of the 
fighting. Key Pacific port and 
Managua airport bombed. 

1984: Contras' best year. 

Operations in one third of 
Nfcaraguan territory; 948 
combats reported oy 
San d nistas. Ports mined 
with CIA assistance, causing 
internat io nal outrage. Press 
revelation of CIA “terror” 
manual leads US confess 
to suspend al Contra ted. 

1965: Unified Nicaraguan 

opposition (UNO) formed 
■ bringing together main rebel 
groups except Pastora's, 
causaig rift In ARDE. US 
congress approves Reagan 
request for “humanitarian”, 
“no n -le tha l" aid in June. 
Enitant Contra leaders tele 
of a “final offensive”, saying 
Santinistas will fafl by end of 
year. In August Contras 
briefly take town of La 
Trinidad, Just 60 mDes from 
Managua. In retreat lose 
more man 100 men, 

1986: Sandinista Defence Ministar 
announces h January that 
Contras are in "irreverstoie 
decline”. Bulk of 
demoraBzed Contras 
trapped inside Honduras. 

trained and badly 


G o Bri rtf a g ef 4^80 mainly fodige- 
noes fighters wfth seme Eogtish- 
speakiag Caribbean blacks. 
Steadman Fagotti and Brooklyn 
Rivera are the two most prominent 
It ■a*— 

It is divided into various com- 
plex: factions, some of which are 
bolding talks with the government. 
Its motives far rebellion are fimad- 
ed oa radal aad cultural differ- 
ences with tike SaadSaistas, who 
now recognize initial “errors’* in 
their handling ef foe Atlantic 
Coast Cuninmiitiii. Has received 

Eden Pastora, aged 49, kader of 
the Aide branch of the Contras, 
was once the Harfing of the 
Sandinista revolution. 

. Known as Commander Zero. 
Pastqra was tire most daring 

Caching and rin g fe- minHnri of tint 

anti-Somoza guerrilla leaders, a 
one-time shark hunter ami notori- 
ous womanizer who claimed to 
have fathered more than 22 

In 1978, he commanded per- 
haps the boldest raid in Latin 
American guerrilla history. Wfth 
25 men be captured Somoza’s 
stooge pariument , or National 
Assembly, and held more than 
1,000 hostages during three days 
of negotiations with the govern- 
ment. He managed to secure the 
ideate of 59 Sandinista prison- 
ers - including current Interior 
Minister Tomas Borge - and flew 
safely .with them out. of the 
country. . . . . 

After Somoza's fall he was 
named Deputy Defence Minister, 
became qniddy disenchanted with 
revolutionary bureaucracy, fell 
out with the rigorous Marxists 
who took charge of government 
and resolved to take up arms 
against them. 

More comfortable in the role of 
the rebel romantic, be accepted 
US assistance and set up his base 
in the jimgfe swamps of southern 
Nicaragua. But to the eternal 
frustration of his American back- 
ers he has refused to this day to 
join forces with the mainstream 
FDN opposition. 

Pastora says he will not fight 
alongside ■ ex-members of the 
T “Somodsta” National Guard, 
which murdered his father when 
he was seven years Old. In May 

nation attempt when a bomb 
disguised as a tape recorde r ex- 
ploded during a jungle press 
conference, killing three reporters. 

Pastora claims the CIS did it, 
though nobody knows for sure, 
partly because Pastora's politics 
are bard to pin down 1 — one 
suspects even he would have 
difficulty trying. A quixotic ideal- 
ist, above ad, he describes -Mmsdf 
as “a Democrat", equally opposed 
to the extremes of right and left 

“1 want neither the exploitation 
of man by man nor of man by tike 
state", he declared recently. He 
likes neither the Sandmistas, nor 
the FDN Contras nor .even Presi- 
dent Reagan, ap p a rently, though 
he is willing to accept his money. 
At present his ARM troops are 
bogged down and offer little threat 
to the Sandinista army. 

He remains, however, by fertile 
most charismatic of the counter- 
revoHdhmary- leaders, m m«m the 
Sandinistas ever be o v e r t hrow n, 
he is the Nicaraguan leader who 
will command the greatest popu- 
lar credibility. ■ • ■ 

faftitew «f its fighting’ stre ngth 
differ wildly from 500 to 2£08. 

Eden Pastora and Alfonso 
Robelo (a ondti-rafflionair^, bd 
military and political wings re- 
spectively until a split last year 
when Robelo Joined the FUN to 
form one umbrella fares. - 

ARDE operates from bafts in 
the jmq0e either inside Costa Rica 
or fast inside Nicaragua's, sduth- 
em border. Militarily bogged 
down ■ at pr esen t, it is more 
moderate politically than foe 
FDN. . 


YES 4 ? NO 

Would you treat a child suffering from 

Would you retain Society’s hard won 
control over polio, diphtheria, TB and 

Would you agree we must have 
medicines and vaccines which have 
been tested tor safety? 

Would you agree that we need lo 
alleviate and control, for example, 
cancer, arthritis, multiple sclerosis and 
heart disease? 

Would you like to see a cure for AIDS 
and Legionnaire's disease? 

Animal experimentation has made 
an essential contribution to the 
control and eradication of serious 
diseases. Much more requires to be 
done -this work must continue. 

1 Din (6) 

5 Headland (4) 

8 Due (5) 

9 Platform (7) 

11 CbunringOQ 
13 Ado (4) 

15 Unprincipled (13) 

17 Small tide rise (4) 

18 Auction ball (8) 

21 Great circle (7) 

22 Twelve (S) 

23 Pavement edge (4) 

24 Stmjgh!fitfwanl(6) 

2 Inclined (5) 

3 Small barrel f3) 

4 Tvw-kgged dinosaur 

5 Tr u ncheo n (4) 

6 Disturb (7) 

7 Assurednes(lO) 

12 Loose bead cover (4) 19 Water dipper (5) 
14 MDd CE mc mbert (4) 20 Jab (4) 

in rnMMiHnLiniVif ” Miio vMncmum m 

10 Complex pbnmaker j* Sanding (7) 22 Livestock mother (3) 

Safeguard your future 



ACROSS: 1 Aztec 4 Durable 8 Droop 9 Saw 
TUB&1 11 Able 13 Refreshment 17 Any ISO 
ina 22 Synod 23 likable 24 Agree 
DOWN: lAideni 2 Trout 3Cufrt»ard 4Dfa 
Ram 6 Bourbon 7 Esteem 12Ambrosn 141 
sal 14 Bridle 19 Diner 2SLimb 

3M , s Whisper Telex 
has a unique feature. 

The Price 

£ 1,295 

At only £1,295 the 3M Whisper Telex is something of a 
oomrmmications snip. VKitlsa complete desk-top telex 
system, with lots of features. And ift also virtually silent 
TO hear more about this unique littie-teiex, please phone 

@( 01)2000200 PERSONAL SERVICE 



FASHION by Suzy Menkes 

w-VT-V r £. 

?a- r 4 






“j* - v -..- 

ft V 

-2& c. v. ; > v. . _f •> 4?SSv§u 

C. ••_... -- 

-•< -■•■ t-. ^'V V&£ 

^Tfae self-styled 

^^design machine 9 

«.-js» in London 

J>—looking for 

fe fashion talent 


~ * hand is just a toy for 
me”, says Karl 
Lagerfeld conspira- 
tonally. “It was 
something new for 

, to play with." 

^ '-Lagerfeld is indulging in his 
ig&yourite game of pretending 
>*ftiathe does not take his work 
«jiously. The designer who 
has revitalized the Chanel 
•iinpage. and creates collections 
-^-tfnder his own KL label and 
, v ^for Fendi in Italy, likes. to play 

- - w -the dilettante. He takes a 
.dandified interest in his ap- 

/ peaiance (“choosing a tie-pin 
. 'and cuff links is the most 
; '.-important thing a man has to 
do in the morning"); he is 
^ •./-obsessively fond of 18th-cen- 
tury style and collects its 
furnishings and fens; he was 
.. .bom to money and dismisses 
-any discussion of prices: “I 
" don’t have to pay so I don’t 
fcnow anything about the 

r . ! .COSL" 

/ He gives a rich man’s 
** parties: last month’s was a 

- -Ji frolic at Versailles to launch 
. .his KL men’s fragrance. He is 

. . witty and likes us to know it 
"He is also a worichaholic an 
. ' ex-assistant claims that he 
never took a holiday in five 
" years. 

“Work is invigorating”, 

. . says KarL 

.... Last Thursday, -Lagerfeld's 
— self-styled image as a feshion 
. A . playboy was (tented when he 
- • flew into . town especially to 
. .. .judge » the 1986 
Selfridges/Royal College of 
Art Bursary, given biennially . 

. a promising feshion 

“After all", be says, “it is 
. p , * ; how I started. I won a student 
competition all those years 
- ' aga It is good to see what the 
students are doing, heirfT 
• The stream . of gtottal- 
” stopped sentences and the 
"Teutonic interrogative em- 
phasize Lagerfeld’s German, although his design 
' life has been in Paris since he 
;jr p : *’won an International Wool 
- ■■’- design competition in 1954. 
•" * Another award went to the 

S "Ves Saint Laurent, 
a design rivalry and 
friendship that en- 
dured for two decades. 

<***" ' Lagerfeld dismisses the ru- 

Karl Lagerfeld: a passion for the 18th Ctentmy 

mours of his rift with Yves as 
greatly exaggerated. KarTs de- 
scription of Yves as a “pied 
noir" (in reference to Saint 
Laurent’s childhood in Alge- 
ria) could be put down to 
KarTs mischievous tongue. In 
another scandalous statement, 
Karl waggishly described his 
curvaceous collection for 
Fendi as “shaped to be raped". 

S uch gaffes do not en- 
dear him to the French 
feshion establishment. 
At the 1985 Oscars de 
la Mode, the maverick 
Lagerfeld was ostentatiously 

What are Lagerfeld’s 
achievements — apart from 
restoring the vibrancy of the 
House of Chanel, which opens 
a new London boutique in 
Sldane Street next Monday? 

At the House of CUoe, 
Lagerfeld invented the con- 
cert of pret'd-porter de luxe 
which put Paris ready-to-wear 
feshion on track. He created 
the light seamless silk dresses 
that the French describe as Le 
Flou. He now claims to have 
been treated by the owners of 
Chloe as a'design hack “In 20 
years I was not once invited to 
dine with them at home" he 

Two years after he left 
Cblo£m 1982 to set up his own 
KL label, the company was 
sold to DunhifiL Revenge is as 
sweet as the apple strudel that 
Karl has piled on his plate. “It 

is the only thing that I will still 
go into the kitchen to cook", 
he says. “Bui now my mother 
is no longer alive, there is no 
one to help me if I get stuck in 
the middle." 

This is an endearing vision 
of the super-sophisticated 
Karl, reverting to Teutonic 
nursery food in the privacy of 
his own five hotness the 18th- 
century hotel on the Left Bank 
of Pans, the chateau in Britta- 
ny, the Monte Cario apart- 
ment filled with Memphis 
neo-fifties furniture; they all 
feed the publicity of the man 
who once described himself to 
me as a “design machine". 

Karl Lagerfeld is a pro- 
foundly cultured man, with 
wide-ranging interests in art 
and architecture. He has a 
passion for the 18th century, 
expressed in bis own person 
by garnet cuff links and. the 
lapis seal ring from his great- 
grandmothers inheritance. In 
nis flamboyant yonth he 
would wear 18th-century 
frock coats instead of a sober 
three-piece suit 

He will stifl bny wardrobes 
of antique clothes for bis 
friend and fellow 1 8th-century 
enthusiast Anna Piaggi, who 
appeared at the Versailles gala 
in full Marie Antoinette fig. 
He is charming and generous 
about Anna, an Italian feshion 
editor, whom he describes as a 
“free spirit". A book of 200 
sketches by Karl of Anna in 

ir 1 
t l ; 




8k other Gods 8k Heroes 

Works by ^ 

Sir Alfred Gilbert, 

when they come on the 

market, fetch increasingly 
high prices. 

This early small scale silver 
statuette of Perseus Arming 
fetched £16,000 in 1984. 

In 1981 his bronze Icarus 
fetched £29,000. 

Anyone fortunate enough to own 
one of Sir Alfred Gilbert's 
exquisite works, and who 
would like to have its value 
assessed, should write 
Gordon Balderston 
at Christiels. 


(! ' 

8 KingStreet, St. James's 

London SW1Y6QT 

Tel: (01) 8399060 


would not 
do it without 
Ines. I ask her 

Lagerfeld on his model muse (below) 

Left The new young Chanel: Pearl and gilt 
sunburst earings, £35, spiral snake 
bracelet embossed with ‘Coco Chanel' 
£225. Large link gold chains, rhinestone 
and pearl ropes, worn with a gilt buttoned 
white pique bustier, all from a selection at 
Chanel's new boutique, 31 Sloane Street, 
SW1 from Monday. Make-up by Ruth 
Sheldon using Chanel's spring and 
summer colours. Les Croisieres. Hair by 
Guido at Toni and Guy. 

Photograph by NICK BRIGGS 

different guises will be pub- 
lished by Thames and Hudson 
in the autumn. 

About other friends and 
clients he can be more 
ascerbic, from the hoydenish 
Princess Stephanie of Monaco 
to Jerry HalL “She likes to 
wear Chanel”, he says sillrily, 
“because she thinks it makes 
her look like a lady." 

Karl Lagerfeld’s triumphant 
success with the Chanel image 
has come precisely because 
the clothes no longer look 
proper and lady-hke but 
young and sexy. He has twist- 
ed and tweaked the gilded 
chains, hoiked up hemlines, 
puffed out shoulders and 
moulded the jackets to the 

“Chanel is a woman's col- 
lection designed by a woman. 
It does not interest me so 

much", says Karl. “I would 
not do it without Lies. I ask 
her everything. She tells me 
what she wants to wear and I 
design it.” That included, this 
last month, the famous quilted 
Chanel bag made as a mini 
skirt suspended on gilded 
chains above the rangy legs of 
the aristocratic Ines de la 
Fressange. who is the new 
image for the bouse of Chanel 
as well as Lagerfeld's muse 
and friend. 

Together, the extrovert Karl 
and impish Ines appear to be 
cocking a snook at the bour- 
geois old lady Chand had 
become. The international 
corporation, founded on the 
No 5 perfume. Chanel bou- 
tiques and accessories, finds 
itself in a dilemma. Like any 
ageing woman attracting a 
younger man, the house is 

alternately willing to indulge 
his whims, terrified of losing 
him, and infuriated by his 

K arl, for his part, 
behaves like a toy 
boy: complaining 
of the attitude of 
the American man- 
agement, of boredom, of lack 
of appreciation of his skills. 
His critics say that Chanel is 
more than a fistful of gilded 
chains and giant buttons; that 
Karl does not have a profound 
understanding of the haute 
couture, its understatement 
and elegance, which is the 
fountainhead of French 

His own KL collections in 
Paris and New York are just 
getting into their stride. His 
most enduring relationship 

has been with Carla Fendi 
about whom he is graceful and 
tender. The superb furs he has 
created with the five Fendi 
sisters were the subject of an 
exhibition in Rome last year. 
This was produced entirely 
from the Fendi archives. Karl 
is passionate in his refusal to 
keep any record of his designs 
and claims to abhor the idea of 
a retrospective exhibition. In- 
evitably, this honour will be 
granted to Yves Saint Laurent 
at the Paris Musee de la Mode 
later this year. 

Lagerfeld is enthusiastic 
about the students whose 
work he sees and the assistants 
he has trained, including the 
newly launched British 
Alistair Blair. “I think we 
should wait a few seasons 
before we make him a star. 
heinV he says cautiously. 

Over the bratwurst and 
strudel at Langans, Karl talks 
about the Princess of Wales 
(whose clothes he feels are not 
well enough tailored); about 
the Vienna exhibition in Paris 
which confirms his own dis- 
taste for the Secessionist peri- 
od (“something rotten in 
there"); about Egon Schiele 
(“the epitome of everything I 
dislike but a great artist"). 

Karl Lagerfeld is one of 
those infinitely rare feshion 
spirits who expresses himself 
as persuasively in words (and 
in a foreign language) as he 
does in cloth. His observa- 
tions are acute and so is his 
judgement of himself. 

“My dream”, he says, “is to 
become invisible. Just a pair 
of eyes — watching." 


Hype cast 

Crfipe Sflzette ports her shed 
pink lips and slinks round the 
Pompeii Cafe in a skin-tight 
off-the-shoalder yellow sheath 
dress. Her boyfriend Colin 
nriwea through SoftO in his 
brand new “skin", a silk and 
mohair zoot suit 

This is not the absolute 
beginning of a rash on retro- 
fifties fashkmJn 1986 we 
stopped dressing np and street 
fashion will resist any amorait 
of hype. The international 
spring collections showed a 
return to couture style dress- 
ing, but little Mack dresses are 
a million catwalks away from 
the chi-chi silk frocks of 
Henley’s c outu re hoase in 
Absolute Beginners. 

For old romantics, Johnsons 
is the home of the winkle- 
picker so mosey down to 406 
Kings Road, tie a knot in your 
sUm-jim tie — bat don't pre- 
tend it’s fashion. 

Rebecca Tyrrel 

Patsy Kensh as pouting 
Crepe Suzette 

We think Big 
is Beautiful 
Are you size 18-24? 

Then why hm tend lor our brochure. 

Wc tan. e exerting new idea?. in laiw sizes 
»ilfi iathtonabk and lemmirve cknhes m 
bcauathJ fabrics and pretty colours. 
Soper sias from . . . 


M Saadi feMLOfcbottr.Saan flwar 0341 TB7IR 








A wide rangp management appointments appears 
every Thursday. 




Better back care in every chair is the Cintique promise □ Three 
different seat heights and two back heights to suit different 
people □ An adjustable headrest supports your head * ’ 

and neck in a natural position □ Specially designed 
back rest fully supports your upper and lower back 
□ The seat depth and angle ensure good posture 
without restricting circulation Q Solid hand -grips 
make getting up easier □ Padded armrests 
give extra comfort □ Only Cintique, backed by 
75 years of experience, care for your 
back so much □ Make sure it’s a 
genuine Cintique. 

Cintique Delphi 
Elegant, classic style. 

Cintique Anthos 
Clean, modem design. 

To Cintique, Dept Tl, Firmback Works. Andrews Road. London ES 4RN or 
j Tel. 01-254 1262. Dept Tl. I need your stockists’ list and brochure for my bad backs sake. 




— • — — — - 

_ - __ __ 

Better back care in every chair. 




Eddy Shah plans to launch a new 
quality newspaper — working title 
The Tribune- to compete with 
the Times, Financial Times, Tele- 
graph and Guardian. The editor 
will be Tony Holden, currently die 
weekend editor of Today, which 
Shah launched a month ago. Brian 
McArthur, currently editor of 
Today, will be moved further 
upstairs, becoming editor-in-chief 
of ibe Shah group. Yesterday 
Holden told me the launch of the 
new heavy is dependent on the 
growth of Today . which Holden 
said is now “functioning like a real 
newspaper at Iasi". He said: “It 
had a wobbly start, but it has now 
stabilized, selling 650.000.'" 
Holden acknowlcded the title 
Tribune did clash with that of the 
Labour party’s paper -'“It will 
need turiber investigation". Tbe 
new paper, he said, will be “very 
upmarket, elegant and entertain- 
ing, attracting a fairly small 

Fighting talk 

Conflict within the Labour party is 
no: confined to the National 
Executive. The Middlesborough 
city council bad barely assembled 
last week before a fist fiew. The 
meeting was immediately ad- 
journed when one councillor. 
David Ross, landed a blow on 
another. Bob Kerr. “He called me 
a thief. He had it coming for two 
years". Ross was quoted as telling 
the local press. Yesterday, he 
declined to elaborate on this 
mysterious comment The Labour 
group meets next week to discuss 
Whai Must Be Done. 

Back to the beat 

Patricia Pcrter, the woman' con- 
stable whose ears were damaged 
when her boss suddenly sprang up 
behind her and tried out a rape 
alarm, returns to duty at Hyde 
Park police station this week after 
more than four weeks sick leave. 
She had been walking with PC 
John Walters when Chief Inspec- 
tor David Gilbertson crept up and 
did the deadly. Walters was off for 
two weeks with ear damage. 

‘My semen will be as long as usual, 
Archdeacon, even though 
there’s a sale in the High Street' 

Paper wait 

After Nc.vs on Sunday director 
Clive Thornton's initial enthu- 
siasm for News international's 
offer of the Gray’s Inn Road plant, 
the left-of-centre newspaper, due 
to be launched next year, has 
Stepped back in line with the 
sceptical press unions. Not 
surprisingly, you might think: 
News on Sunday is temporarily 
lodging in an office at Sogat’s 
premises in Caxioo House, 
Southwark." I should imagine 
we’re paying rent", said chairman 
Nicholas Horsely. 


A propos my piece yesterday 
about the police stopping one Sam 
Boe (2 black joker), I hear that Sir 
Henry Plumb, who leads the 
Conservative group in the Euro- 
pean Parliament in this week's 
debate on agriculture, has ac- 
quired a slightly embarrassing 
nickname. When the former presi- 
dent of the National Farmers’ 
Union received his knighthood. 
**Zur Enri" was too much for the 
French and others, so he became 
known as Sir Plumb. By a further 
transmutation he is now univer- 
sally known in the corridors of 
Strasbourg as Surplus. 

Mass appeal 

Has the British embassy in Rome 
lost the knack of the roval 
announcement? Invitations to a 
mass at the basilica of Santa Maria 
Maggiorc in honour of the 
Queen's 60th birthday on April 21 
say ' it will bo conducted by 
Monsignor Dilwyn Lewis Camcr- 
lengo "unless a British Catholic 
bishop happens to be in Rome at 
the time." We are then cordially 
invited to attend — if. presum- 
ably, we happen to be passing. 

Striking terror 

The Irish Football Association — 
!FA — was inundated with trans- 
atlantic telephone calls and telexes 
yesterday over a one-letter mis- 
print in the Sunday People. I: 
reported that the Irish football 
team would arrive in Toronto for 
its pre-World Cup tour carrying 
copies of its official song. Conte an 
Northern Ireland, lavish brochures 
“and other IRA sou venire." A 
harassed I FA official told me: 
"The Canadians have gone ba- 
nanas wanting to know exactly 
what we are bringing. We had to 
assure them that it Hion’t be 

bombs. PHS 

Helsinki: the hope betrayed 

by Anatoly Shcharansky 

Ten years ago a number of Soviet 
dissidents banded together to work 
towards the implementation of the 
Helsinki Agreement We were guided by 
the idea that questions of a humanitar- 
ian nature, on which great powers 
cannot reach agreement, are often 
capable of being understood and agreed 
upon by ordinary independent members 
of society. 

What do we see, a decade later? 
Jewish emigration, which started at the 
beginning of the 1 970s, has been forcibly 
terminated by the authorities. Several 
hundred thousand Jews who wish to 
leave the Soviet Union cannot do so, 
since the government announced that 
the process of emigration had been 

I spent nine years in Soviet prisons 
and labour camps, and can state with 
certainty that since the drafting of the 
Helsinki Agreement conditions in pris- 
ons and camps have grown worse. At 
the end of 1983 or beginning of 19S4 a 
new article came into force under which 
the authorities can aimost automatically 
prolong the sentences of prisoners in 
jails and camps. This is already being 
done to members of Helsinki groups. 

dozens of wbom are imprisoned in the 
Soviet Union. The article is employed 
to prolong the prison sentences of so- 
called “Mire-educated” political pris- 
oners — those who have not renounced 
their ideas and beliefs. The measure is 
also used to frighten and deter others. 

Secondly, according to an instruction 
introduced little more than a year ago, 
prisoners who go on hunger strike are 
immediately thrown into solitary 
confinement cells, thus increasing their 
suffering. Why is this so important? 
Because, as a rule, what takes place in 
the labour camp reflects in the clearest 
way the situation throughout the entire 

1 want to make a special point of the 
case of Andrei Dimitrievich Sakharov. 
This heroic figure, this most noble 
human being, is carrying on the best 
traditions or the Russian intelligentsia, 
fighting for the many people whose 
rights — whether national, religious or 
political — are trampled by the Soviet 

I consider it particularly important to 
raise my voice now, when his position is 
especially difficult, when he is being so 
cruelly and unjustly isolated from his 

family, his friends, and lrom the 
possibility of canying on his social and 
scientific activity in tbe normal way. 
More and more, his health is giving 
cause for alarm. I therefore call on the 
Soviet government to stop persecuting 
him, to give this remarkable man the 
chance to continue his social and 
scientific work through proper, normal 

The years I spent in prison convinced 
me how accurate and appropriate were 
those first documents published by our 
Helsinki monitoring group. And I am 
convinced that the international 
community’s struggle to induce .the 
Soviet Union to begin at last fulfilling 
the agreements it signed in Helsinki in 
1975 js more urgent than ever before. I 
hope this work will be continued, so 
leading to constructive steps that will 
help build tbe conditions for genuine 
detente, for genuine trust between great 
countries. As a necessary condition of 
this, the human rights sections of the 
Helsinki Agreement must be fulfilled. 

This message was relayed to a "counter 
conference* on the Helsinki Agreement review 
meeting beginning in Bent, Switzerland, today. 
Translation by Nicholas BethelL 

Richard Owen outlines moves to reduce EEC food supplies 


EEC ministers might have been 
preoccupied with Colonel Gadaffi 
yesterday but for the rest of this 
week and next they will be 
discussing topics much closer to 
home, principally the common 
agricultural policy (CAP). 

Despite John Selwyn Gummer's 
belief — revealed on Radio 4 — 
that European farm surpluses are 
proof of God's abundance and not 
necessarily a bad thing, pressure is 
intensifying within the EEC to 
find a solution to the mountains of 
butter and grain and the lakes of 
milk and wine. With the force of 
an idea whose time has come, the 
phrase “set aside" is more and 
more frequently heard on the lips 
of farm ministers. Commission 
officials, and Euro-MPs. 

It means, to quote David Curry 
and James Elies, the Conservative 
MEPs who have been extolling the 
merits of “set aside" for two years, 
that the best way to deal with 
surpluses is not to dispose of them 
expensively but, as common sense 
should dictate, to avoid creating 
them in the first place. The best 
way to achieve that is to persuade 
farmers to set aside productive . 
land, and either leave it fallow or 
use it to plant trees. Alternatively, 
Europe's fanners could become 
nature reserve wardens and en- 
hance the environment 

This startlingly simple idea 
arouses scepticism. “Butterflies 
instead of food surpluses" was the 
Frankfurter-Allgemeine's droll 
headline in December when lgnez 
Kiechle. the West German agri- 
culture minister, espousing set 
aside schemes, said he thought 
that 100.000 German farmers 
might lake up the chance of 
alternative land use. 

The Bonn cabinet none the less, 
is to debate the idea tomorrow 
and the EEC Commission in 
Brussels is expected to include it 
in its proposals this week for the 
culture, to be debated by the 

European Parliament in Stras- 

Britain too is following the 
trend. Farmers are a hard-headed 
breed, but many are also ecology- 
minded. Glimmer's boss at the 
Ministry of Agriculture, Michael 
Jopling. last month set up a I lands 
and environmental affairs group 
with a brief to study EEC policy. 
Jopling also observed that forestry 
was “the roost promising alter- 
native use for land", since “we are 
not faced with large surpluses of 

Not to be outdone, William 
Wa] degrave, who as Environment 
Minister has not hesitated to 
trespass on what Jopling considers 
his own personal estate by laying 
down agriculture policy, said that 
millions of pounds could and 
should be allocated to pay farmers 
to grow trees rather than over- 
produce cereals. 

Wbat could ultimately sabotage 
“set aside”, like other apparently 
promising schemes to solve the 
surpluses — including food aid to 
the Third World — is that it costs 
money. The EEC is this year 
facing one of its worst budget 
crises ever. Last month farm 
ministers failed to agree on farm 
prices for 1986-87, and will try 
again next week, with Jopling 

again insisting on price cots in the 
teeth of French and German 

Tbe combative Francois Guil- 
laome, the new French fonn 
minister, might be persuaded to 
accept some cuts following tbe 
recent devaluation of the franc, 
which affects the “green curr- 
encies” in which the farm prices 
are calculated. But Kiechle will 
not accept any consequent dis- 
advantage to German farmers, 
and has threatened to offer them 
state aid as compensation. 

If the EEC were to meet part of 
tbe cost iff paying formers not to 
produce — perhaps as much as 
half— leaving national govern- 
ments to meet the rest, “set aside” 
might take root Some of ha 
proponents, such .as James EDes, 
point to the experience of the 
United States, where land taken 
out of production is automatically 
reactivated when demand again 
exceeds supply. 

The Americans spend twice as 
much on form support as the EEC, 
and Europe has nearly five times 
as many people employed in 
agriculture. On tbe other hand, 
rapprochement with the United 
States oyer form support systems, 
aid for areas of natural beauty, and 
“set aside” might go some way 

toward helping to defuse current 
transatlantic tensions over trade 
and thus ease the next round of 
GATT (the General Agreement on 
Tariffs and Trade). 

The sceptics argue that formers 
would be inclined to take marginal 
land out of use. and there is no 
guarantee that the cost of “set 
aside" systems would be any less 
than the cost of producing and 
storing Europe's abundance of 
food. But most EEC form experts 
agree tbe time has come for 
fundamental structural reforms in 
the CAP, as well as piecemeal 
solutions tike the controversial co- 
responsibility levy on cereals 

Mrs Thatcher, evidently with 
both Jopling and Waldegrave 
beside her, firmly intends to tadde 
CAP reform during Britain's presi- 
dency of the EEC Council of 
Ministers, beginning in July. The 
Prime Minister will no doubt be 
attracted by the additional bene- 
fits of “set aside” for enterprising 
young formers, who, as an EEC 
official told a forming and wildlife 
conference at Cirencester this 
month, could be given land taken 
out of production to make a start 
in life — provided, presumably, 
ibey do not grow cereals or keep 
dairy cattle. 

When John Demjanjuk was extra- 
dited from the United States to 
Israel much was made of the 
gruesome allegation that he had 
personally pushed victims into the 
gas chambers of Treblinka, where 
900.000 Jews were incinerated. 
But while the sensationalism 
surrounding this case is excep^ 
tionaL many other alleged Nazi 
criminals continue to be tried in 
the countries which have extra- 
dited them. 

Approval of this process is for 
from universal and many people 
question whether it serves a useful 
purpose. The war having ended 
more than 40 years ago, what, they 
ask. is the point of reviving bitter 
memories? Is it not time lo stop 
the manhunt? Many of the older 
Nazi criminals have died, and as 
for the others, should they not be 
left witii their own nightmares and 
the punishment of history or 

Some Jews also hold this view, 
but the great majority does not. 
The full enormity of the Holocaust 
has been known, documented and 
detailed for 40 years. But it 
remains, at least for the generation 
which lived through it, an open 
wound, a crime unparalleled in 
human history, a constant and 
indelible reminder of Jewish 


Recently Dr Kurt Waldheim, 
interviewed about his alleged Nazi 
associations, commented that the 
war had been terrible and that 
much cruelty had been committed 
“on both sides”. To Jews, it is 
inconceivable that a comparison 
could be drawn between 3nv 
barbarities committed in ihe heat 
of war and ihc methodical, cold- 
blooded murder of six million 
men. women and children because 
of their faith. Such false equiva- 
lence strikes them as confirmation 
ofihcir fears lhaL if the Holocaust 
can be thus diminished, public 
opinion may become less alert to 
the fearful danger of its repetition. 

William Frankel on why, for the sake of the 
future, the past should not be forgotten 

new Holocaust 

The trial of Adolf Eichman in 
1961 was an illustration of this 
educational element in the judicial 
process. The world followed in- 
tently the daily drama as the cold 
facts of the Final Solution were 
given a human scale by the 
personal evidence of terrors wit- 
nessed or suffered. Bui as the 
hearing proceeded it became 
apparent that the younger genera- 
tion of Israelis and Germans, 
through the reluctance of parents 
id talk of their experiences, was 
shamefully ignorant of what had 
happened.' That recognition en- 
couraged educational changes in 
both countries. 

Some have argued that remem- 
bering the atrocities only perpetu- 
ates hatred. But hatred of evil 
should be nurtured, along with a 
deepened resolve to resist the 
smallest step on the road to a new 

Bringing the criminals to trial is 
also a reminder that the victims 
were abandoned by Ihe world. The 
eminent educational psychologist 
Dr Bruno BerteJheim.'said in a 
recent lecture in London: “The 
Nazis murdered the Jews of 
Europe. Tnat nobody but the Jews 
cared and that many of the Jews 
did not care very much was why 
the life-drive of so many European 
Jews was firs; weakened and then 
extinguished. One of the last 
messages from ihe Warsaw Ghetto 
said. ’The world knows and stays 
silenL God's Vicar in the Vatican 

Demjanjuk: his trial codd 
help to deter others 

is silent Then: is silence in 
London and Washington. The 
American Jews axe silent The 
silence is incomprehensible and 

Dr Bctielheim’s concern was? 
not with the past but with the 
present His interest was in the’ 
survival of all those threatened 
with destruction, whether in Viet- 
nam. Ethiopia or Lebanon. Their 
survival depends on the resolve of 
other countries to help: and for 
this reason the Holocaust must 
not be forgotten. It is not only a re- 
minder for the world at large but 
holds a warning for today's poten- 
tial persecutors. For the sake of the 
victims of the future, the killers of 

the past must not be allowed to 
escape retribution. 

The Nazi-bunters see them- 
selves as acting on the principle 
that criminals should be brought 
to justice. They are not out for 
vengeance. How could (he punish- 
ment possibly fit tbe crime? 
Simon WiesenthaL tbe most 
widely known of the Nazi-hunlers, 
has said: “If I had sought revenge; 
1 would have had to give up a long 
time ago. I would have become 
sated, sickened. My guiding 
thought has always been that we 
who know what happened do not 
have tbe right to forget”. 

But remembering is not without 
its dangers: it can become obses- 
sive and paranoid. It has led to the 
rise of Israel’s Kach party, which 
sees the Arabs as the successor to 
the Nazis and the lesson of the 
Holocaust as the adoption of Nazi 

Israel's feeling of vulnerability, 
surrounded as she is by enemies, is 
obvious. Insecurity builds on it- 
self But what of the Jews of the 
West? More than half of tbe 
diaspora lives .in tbe United 
States, and most of tbe others in 
Europe, in freedom and prosper- 
ity. But even they suffer under 
different degrees of apprehension. 
In part it is the residue of a history 
of persecution, but the hostility 
towards tbe Jews still continues. 
The virulence of anti-semitism in 
the Soviet Union is unabated and 
exported, there are attacks on Jews 
by political extremists and Arab 
terrorists. The denial of the Holo- 
caust is internationally propa- 

Perhaps Christians cannot be 
expected to understand Jewish 
reactions any more than a white 
man can pul himself into a black 
skin. But I believe that, kept fresh 
by current anxieties, the memory 
of the gas chambers and cre- 
matoria remains tbe most for- 
mative influence in toe Jewish 

Digby Anderson 

Our debt to the 

Last week, at St James's Picca- 
dilly, Norman Tebbrt developed 
his Disraeli lecture hopes , for a 
backlash against penmssivism. 
These, comraendably, were not 
confined to sexuaj morality Ik 
spoke much too about order-. 
But he still underestimates and 
even mid-diagnoses the problem- 
It is not just that new moral values 
are faulty but that vast tracts of 
modem life, private and public, 
are no longer presumed to ravea 
moral dimension at all or if they 
have, it is vague and sentimentaL 
Tbe current discussion of debt is a 
good example. 

A Whitehall audit recently con- 
finned that town halls foiled to 
collect £200 — milli on in council 
rent last year. Nor was toe debt 
to poverty; non-collecting 
councils had no poorer popula- 
tions than many collecting coun- 
cils. Problems of- debt elsewhere 
are increasing. The Finance 
Houses Association, the trade 
body for hire-purchase compa- 
nies, reports growing arrears; so do 
the building societies, which have 
had to repossess four times more 
property than in 1979. 

Morally, the position appears 
clean baa debtors are not bailed 
out by their creditors, by council 
And finance houses. In toe end the 
cost is passed on in higher interest 
ch arges or council rates to those, 
sometimes poorer than the debt- 
ors, who have promptly paid their 
bills. Moreover, bad debt is essen- 
tially a- breach of promise. Of 
course there are complica tio ns, 
necessary distinctions and excep- 
tions. Debtors who have security 
which can be repossessed, such as 
houses, may not inflict costs on 
others. Even the best-intentioned 
contract can be broken because of 
onforseeahle events. And certainly 
the negligent councils are also 

But to recognize that individual 
cases are complicated is totally 
different to saying that debt is not 
a moral matter at alL And for 
many today, bad debt has ceased 
to be a matter for shame, a matter 
for which the debtor is tbe obvious 
first candidate for blame. 

If any one is blamed, it is tbe 
creditor for having seduced the 
debtor. Applying the reasoning 
which organizations such as Nacro 
use to suft blame from criminals 
to victims (people shoplift because 
the stores display their goods too 
attractively). Sir Gordon Borne, 
Director General of Fair Trading, 
recently branded as 
“irresponsible” mortgage tenders 
who take on houseowners with 
tight budgets or give 100 per cent 
mortgages to young people with- 
out warning them of maintenance 
and insurance costs. 

The villains are toe leaders toe 
debtors “casualties”. It appears 
that toe most intelligent and 
lengthily educated generation ever 
has learned neither that houses 
need repairs nor that forethought 
is the moral precondition of a 
promise honourably made. - 

Sir Gordon has mow 

things to say. “No one can pot to 

dock back to Vicionan valuer nor 
SdSey tr^. He m Vjw 

had some ^ 

■wind, perhaps that of pwveriecA 

torift stS£g risk-taking, buttos 

words reinforce two current 
assumptions. First that toe dock 
cannot be put back on anytnanCT. 

It can. It has been; as regards trade 
unions, the attitude that toe worid 
owes one a living, and as regards 
nermissive child rearing. 

At a more trivial 
designers put toe dock forward 
andback continually. Hus non- 
sense about the irreversible dock 
is based on a mow fimdameDiai 
misconception about the relent- 
less, ubiquitous and unKnreo- 
movement of progress 
which itself requires severe and 
detailed questioning. .... 

And why not put the dock hacj£, 
to the best of Victorian values (nor 
policies)? Most were not amply 
Victorian but eternal, if not eter- 
nally recognized. The term pro- 
vokes an immediate snigga - 
among progressives. Are they in a 
position, to snigger? What is 
notable about Victorian values is 
their number and range. They 
covered all aspects of life and for 
each aspect there were several 
values to be set against one 
another. Victorian values ax their 
best could handle a problem tike 
debt with ease. 

The sheer number of values is 
impressive, values we hay® forgot- 
ten or are shy of mentioning. Who t 
now talks convincingly and pro- p 
dsdy of stability, courage, duty, 
hospitality, charity, chastity, 
gentleness, loyalty, pereeverance? 
Even more, who is willing to name 
precisely toe vices: sloth, pride, 
gossip, immodesty, disobedience? 
We have, of course, new values to 
replace these: self-fulfillment, 
creativity, authentic relationships, 
community and political lobbying 
for politicians to care for some 
needy or not so needy group on 
our behalf. 

In values at least, there has been 
no progress. Contemporary 
society’s moral vocabulary, gram- 
mar and rules of application are 
cruder and narrower than the 
Victorians'. We have lost com- 
petence in moral discrimination 
and application beyond what . 
Professor Basil Mitchell called th&* 
“platitudes” of good wifi, a vague 
obligation to mutual aid and 
abstention from injury, and an 
even vaguer honesty of restricted 


They will not be recovered by 
whet Norman Tebbrt calls a 
“backlash”; It is not feeling that is 
needed There is too much of that 
already in modem morality. But a 
backlash may be needed to set in 
motion the thinking and institu- 
tional changes which wfll indeed 
put the dock back to the best of 
values sometimes misdescribed as 

The author is director cf fhe Social 
Affairs Unit 

moreover . . . Miles Kington * 

Murder a la 

One of toe trendiest bits of meat 
you can get in restaurants today is 
the bit of duck breast known as 
Magret de canard. But most 
menus on which 1 have seen it 
offered insist on calling it Maigret 
de canard. A simple slip, but so 
evocative . . . 

Somewhere in the dark bedroom 
the telephone rang. Inspector 
Maigret-de-Canard awoke grad- 
ually, like some shipwreck slowly 
being pulled from the dark depths, 
and surfaced into consciousness. 
Betide him in the bed his wife 
shifted slightly, without waiting 
up. She was used to calls at 
unearthly hours. 

“Maigrei-de -Canard”, he said 
into his slipper. He realized his 
mistake, put the slipper down and 
picked up the pboneJle repeated 
his name. “A body ... behind the 
Grand Champignon . . . of 
death unknown . no ident- 
ity . . . Right, m be over.” 

Maigret groaned and looked at 
the dock: 5.50 am. He lumbered 
to the window and opened the 
shutters, to reveal ibe be ginning Q f 
a grey Paris morning, rather tike a 
cold floury white sauce spread 
across the sky. It was minutely 
streaked with 'pink, as if the great 
chef in the sky had decided to add 
a tittle raspberry vinegar. Rasp- 
berry vinegar in a flour-based 
sauce. Maigret-de-Canard shud- 

Ten minutes later he was in his 
little Renault, jolting across the 
cobbled streets like a spoon danc- 
ing across croutons. As a senior 
inspector in the Food Squad he 
deserved something a little class- 
ier, he thought for toe thousandth 
time, and swerved to avoid a tony. 

At this time of day there were 
only lorries about, bringing into 
Paris the vital supplies of fennel, 
fresh ginger, sorrel, monkfish, 
sorbets and all the other basic 
foodstuffs that a great city needs. 
He stopped. The tights changed 
from red to green, as if the daret 
were being replaced with creme de 
menthe, and he carried on. 

The Grand Champignon was 
one of the great eating {daces of 
Pans, three stars in Michelin and 
fully booked by Americans for 
years ahead, but toe only sign of 
activity when he arrived was an 
ambulance and a flurry of police- 
men in the kitchen area. Lucas had 
got there before him. 

“Pm baffled, patron” he said. 

“The dead man is middle-aged, 
well-dressed and quite fit apart 
from rigor mortis. But there are 
absolutely no signs of identity on 
him, apart from this tape 

“Have you played it bade?” 

“Yes. There is one phrase on it. 
The portage is excellent.’ That is 
alL Tbe potage is excellent 5 .” 

“Hmm_ And were these veg- 1 
etables here when you arrived?” 
Maigret-de-Canard pointed to 
three thin slices of avocado and a 
sprig of dill, lying nekt to the body. 

“Well, yes, but .. - 

“And you notice that the body is 
rather . . . pink?” 

Micas admitted that it was. 

“The explanation is quite ob- 
vious to me”, said toe great 
detective. “There are only a few 
classes of citizen who travel with 
■ no identity: spies, royalty — and 
Michelin restaurant inspectors. 
This man has the girth of a food 
inspector. Last night, I have no 
doubt, he came to ii ffptt the 
Grand Champignon, and because 
the use , of a pad and. pencil 
immediately betrays the food 
inspector, be had recourse to a 
tape recorder. The staff overheard 

him making disparaging com- 
ments about toe place, de- 
cidcd he had to be got rid ofbefore 
he took away one of their Michelin 

“But he said the potage was 

"Dis done, Lucas! To a three- 
star restaurant, that is an insult. 
Nothing less than magnificent, 
jprf&We, celestial will da So he 
bad to be got rid ot Arrest the 
chef and he will confess.” 

“But die mnniu»r of death • • -T* 

"Pouf, Lucas! You do not eat 
OTt often enough. The Grand 
Ch ampig non is famous for its 
lobster with avocado and dilL This 
poor man was boiled to death, tike 
a lobster, hence the pinkness. The 
cbw could not resist adding the 
appropriate s am»«h An artist! 
And yet . . 

He prodded the corpse with his 
root. “When you arrest toe chef 
teu him that his victim was 
overdone. By ten minute^ . And , 
now l am going back to bed.” 

As he drove bade, the sky bad 
tightened to a dear orange, mar- 
ole d wit h green. Carrot sauce with 
Y?«ercress, thought Maigret-de- 
Not bad. By 7 JO be was 




- if. 





•- »• 

*. Uen; 

f ^ ifi. 
jAl-^ /w! 

V v i 1*.,. 



V f 

i ; 

, r V * 

1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone 01-481 4100 


Commentators are already 
outlining the lessons of the 
Libyan crisis in which we are 
. still embroiled Their analysis 
is that President Reagan, by 
making dear his intention to 
strike against Colonel GadaffL 
has given himself an impos- 
sible choice. If he goes through 
with a military strike, he will 
alienate his European allies, 
give a martyr's status to the 
Libyan leader in the Arab 
wortd. and fail to hah terror- 
ism anyway. Should he draw 
back from the brink without 
firing a shot he will be in a stQl 
worse position. America will 
show itself, in Mao Zedong's 
words, to be a paper tiger. 
Colonel Gadaffi will have 
heroically defied the US Presi- 
dent and won. And terrorists 
will be encouraged to believe 
that' they can attack American 
lives and property with impu- 

The analysis has sharpness 
of definition — but at some 
expense in omitting important 
elements in the crisis. One 
such element - and the most 
.important from the European 
standpoint — is the attitude of 
the European nations to Lib- 
yan-supported terrorism. Even 
though most recent terrorist 
actions have been directed 
against Americans, they have 
taken place in Western Eu- 
rope. Given the indiscriminate 
nature of terrorism, its victims 
have often been citizens of 
European countries. One of 
the two victims of the Berlin 
bombing, for instance, was a 
young Turkish woman; and 
another victim of Colonel 
Gadaffi's terrorism was the 
young policewoman. Yvonne 
Fletcher. . . 

In their political delibera- 
tions, however, the European 
nations have consistently be- 

littled both Arab terrorism and 
Colonel Gadaffi's role in it. It 
is not uncommon to hear 
European diplomats complain 
that the Americans have ac- 
tually built up his reputation 
by reacting so strongly to his 
involvement in the murder of 
their citizens. That is a strange 
judgement to make upon a 
figure who, long before he 
attracted President Reagan's 
attention, had threatened the 
Tunisian, Moroccan. Chadian. 
Sudanese and Egyptian gov- 
ernments. and assisted in- 
numerable terrorist 
movements. It has led to 
policies that are no less 

The European Community 
has refused on several occa- 
sions to place either economic 
sanctions or any more effec- 
tive restraints, like airline 
boycotts, on Libya. Several 
European states, notably Italy, 
have maintained excellent 
relations with Libya, turning a 
blind eye to its terrorist 
involvement, both for 
commercial reasons and in the 
hope of being exempt from the 
general attack. 

Neither justification looks 
sensible today. The Libyan 
authorities, making explicit 
the hostage status of many 
Western expatriates there, 
have threatened to move them 
to areas that might come under 
attack from die US Sixth Fleet. 
Recent terrorist attacks have 
either originated or taken place 
in I talian and Austrian air- 
ports even though these are 
countries which have sought 
more assiduously than most to 
appease the Libyans. In the 
light of this record. President 
Reagan might have calculated 
that perhaps a display of 
willingness to use force would 
prompt the Europeans to ap- 

pease him. 

Whether he has succeeded 
in that hypothetical aim will be 
answered differently on the 
different sides of the Atlantic 
after yesterday's meeting of 
EEC Foreign Ministers. There 
was. admittedly, greater 
understanding of the US po- 
sition and a willingness to 
condemn Libya for its terrorist 
activities. But the practical 
measures, which focus upon 
obstructing Libyan diplomats, 
will seem minor to American 
opinion. And if they are the 
last word on the topic, the 
American view will be correct. 

That is why we should be 
cautious about drawing hard- 
and-fast lessons at this inter- 
mediate stage in the crisis. It 
may be that if the sole objec- 
tive of US policy was to 
retaliate against Libya for its 
support of terrorism, then its 
best course would have been io 
strike against terrorist camps 
in Libya immediately after the 
bombing of the Berlin night- 
club. Such prompt retaliation 
would have demonstrated that 
there was an instant and heavy 
cost to supporting terrorism 
and also have acted as a 
deterrent to future terrorism. 

But the delayed response has 
forced the European countries 
to face up to the reasonable- 
ness of the American demand 
that something must be done 
about a state that supports 
terrorism on their own terri- 
tory even if they instinctively 
dislike what President Reagan 
seems to be proposing. That 
having been done. Europe 
must now either propose some 
more effective response or 
accept that the Americans will 
be entitled to solve the jirob- 
Jem in their own way — either 
now or at some time in the 


Mrs Winnie Mandela is a 
passionate and powerful 
speaker, whose symbolic in- 
fluence as Nelson 'Mandela's 
wife goes far beyond her 
personal influence with the 
black population of South 
Africa. Both her rhetorical gifts 
and her symbolic leadership 
status give her an obligation to 
show responsibility. To judge 
by the past weekend’s perfor- 
mance. this is an obligation 
sbe has not yet appreciated. 

From outside South Africa it 
is easy to dismiss Mrs 
Mandela's call for liberation 
with boxes of matches and 
petrol-doused tyres as a meta- 
phorical flourish designed to 
captivate an already captive 
audience. But to that audience, 
composed predominantly of 
black South Africans, the ref- 
erences are all too real. The 
tyres have been doused; the 
matches are ready. In some 
places, they have already been 
used against other blacks. 

Bui many South Africans, 
blacks included, are convinced 

that violence can and must be 
avoided at all costs. They are 
quietly hopeful that the lim- 
ited reforms already made 
towards ending segregation 
will, eventually yield more. 
Such people are appalled by 
the riots, the lynching and the 
murder proliferating in the 
townships. They see such vi- 
olence as counterproductive: 
an illustration of why the 
white minority is so reluctant 
to cede power. 

Many of Mrs Mandela's 
supporters — and not only in 
South Africa — may genuinely 
believe that violence is now 
the only way to overcome the 
injustice of apartheid. They 
include many young South 
Africans, impatient with the 
slow progress towards ending 
apartheid, intolerant of their 
parents' apparent passivity. 

Thus far, change has been 
slow. But there has been 
change- And it has originated 
largely from a sense of realism 
and moral outrage on the part 
of the white, English-speaking 

minority, not in response to 
violence in the townships. Mrs 
Winnie Mandela's hints that 
the white population could no 
longer be left out of the 
violence will only alienate that 
constituency. Already, one of 
the most outspoken white 
opponents of apartheid, Mrs 
Helen Suzman, has dissociated 
herself from Mrs Mandela's 
remarks and expressed her 
sadness at her approach. 

This is the second time in 
two weeks that Mrs Mandela 
has appeared to flout the 
banning order imposed on her 
by the South African authori- 
ties. But by disregarding that 
order — in effect, if not in law 
• the authorities may unwit- 
tingly be dealing the anti- 
apartheid movement in South 
Africa its greatest blow for 
years. The more Mrs Mandela 
is beard to advocate violence 
as the only means of achieving 
majority rule, the greater will 
be the misgivings, not only on 
the pari of the white popula- 
tion. but on the part of many 
blacks as well. 


Britain's people of Asian de- 
scent have — according to. 
certain yardsticks — been ab- 
sorbed into the population at 
large. They have successfully 
entered the employment and 
housing markets. They have 
found a fascinating {dace m 
party politics. 

Yet the appearance is decep- 
tive. Law and social policy 
have yet to catch up wifo the 
: feet of mass .Asian immigra- 
tion and settlement. Pressure 
for administrative change 
recognizing the status of 
Asians has been present but 
largely confined to localities. 
There are now signs that both 
courts and national govern- 
ment will soon have to address 
racial and religious issues of 
the widest significance. 

Largest among these is the 
confrontation of the value 
system of Islam and the west- 
ern secular stale. Britain has 
taken on a significant popula- 
tion of Muslims in an era of 
Islamic revivaL Its vigour may 
pose a threat; there will be 
points at which the secular 
state has to assert the interests 
of British society as a whole. 
One of these occured last 
week. The House of Lords 
determined that however 
natural and valid * Muslim 
taloQ divorce might be in 
Pakistan or any other country 
whose public law is based on 
the Koran it could cany no 
weight in Britain. 

That left open many ques- 
tions. It appears possible for a 
British .Asian or even a res- 
ident Pakistani to contract and 
dissolve in Pakistan under 
Muslim procedure a marriage 
that is consummated and 

bears fruit in Britain. The 
judges were concerned only 
with the limits of the 1971 
Divorces and Legal Separa- 
tions Act, the statute recogniz- 
ing foreign divorces. 

But when British subjects 
and residents behave towards 
each other in a way that might 
offend the majority commu- 
nity wider questions are 
raised. They are seen starkly 
when the 1 issue is juvenile 
marriage- There must be limits 
to the natural expression by 
minorities of styles of life that 
contradict not just the norms 
but also the law of the host 

No blanket prescription can 
at this stage be laid down. 
Courts and administrators will 
have to proceed by casework. 
One such case will shortly land 
on the desk of the Secretory of 
State for. Education. Sir Keith 
Joseph has soon, on the 
Government's behalf, to de- 
cide on a bid by an Islamic 
primary school in north Lon- 
don for the particular and 
privileged status given to 
church schools under the 
Education Acts. 

Such voluntary-aided status 
was dreamt up as a way of 
palliating religious lobbies in 
the 1940s. As a means of 
keeping major groups of Chris- 
tian believers integrated, more 
or less, into the public educa- 
tional system it has worked 
well. The issue now is whether 
the system can contain Mus- 

The answer, as a matter of 
public administration, must 
clearly be yes. The same 
arrangement of local authority 
support for teachers’ salaries 

and buildings, with nomina- 
tion rights to the school 
governing body, could work as 
well in principle fora religious 
community outside the 
Judaeo-Christian tradition. 
Everything hinges on the prac- 
tical details of the school 

Here Sir Keith’s discretion 
is wide. It is up to him whether 
the curriculum and teachers of 
a school pass muster. In the 
case of the Islamia Primary 
School in Brent, he will be 
encouraged by his officials to 
coniine himself to the particu- 
lar and make an assessment on 
the baas of its catchment and 
its finances. This is indeed 
what the law requires. But he. 
and his ministerial colleagues, 
must think more broadly. 

The issue is not just the 
status of voluntary-aided 
schools. There are many Mus- 
lim parents who say they want, 
instead, better recognition ot 
their children's religion in the 
local authority schools. Large 
questions are raised, not the 
least of which is the relevance 
still of the prescription in the 
1944 Education Act for daily 
acts of worship and religious 
instruction. . 

It is now for the Govern- 
ment to attempt some sort of 
answer. The lines of that are 
dear. There should be the 
fullest encouragement of di- 
versity of religious practice. 
But there must be limits. 
Limits on the subordination of 
women, on the deprivation of 
children of certain essential 
common experience. There is, 
in short, a pubfic interest 
which takes precedence over 
minority faith. 


Tax relief on profit-shared pay 

From Mr A. R. Swannack 
Sir, I have been looking at the 
Chancellor's proposals regarding 
possible tax relief on any profit- 
sharing element of pay. While bis 
reasoning seems sound at first 
glance it is apparent that the 
concept will be opposed strongly 
on the grounds that profits are not 
created — or dissipated — entirely 
by the work force. They realise as 
well as anybody else that profits 
can be wipkl out at the stroke of a 
pen by the writing-off of redun- 
dant stocks or bad debts. 

' Additionally, long-term expan- 
sion plans can hit profits very hand 
in the short term, even though 
employees may never see the 
benefits of the development plans 
(which themselves may not work 
out). Finally, there will inevitably 
be a conflict of interest between 
employees and shareholders. 

A more realistic approach 
would be the use of payment 
schemes of the added- value type 
which could receive the same 
sympathetic treatment from the 
Chancellor as the profit-sharing 

Interest is growing in these 
schemes for a number of reasons, 
e -g-- 

a) the growing realisation that the 
effective use of materials is some- 
thing that workers can influence as 
much as, and often more than, 
speed of output; 

b) the need to adopt payment 
systems which reward savings in 
resources other than purely labour 

c) an increasing awareness that the 
more traditional types of payment 
system are no longer suited either 
technologically or sociologically to 
today's industrial scene; 

d) the growing recognition of the 
importance ofextending the scope 
ofjoint consultation from some of 
the peripheral topics into which it 
has degenerated in many com pa 

e) the existence of VAT which has 
encouraged many firms to use the 
added value concept as a basis for 
their cost control. 

The advantages of this type of 
scheme are that it is non -infla- 
tionary; it undoubtedly introduces 
a great deal of economic discipline 
into the thinking and action of 
employees: it creates a real and 
effective sense of participation in 
company a flairs; and finally it is 
far more within the control of the 
workforce as employees become 
interested in all factors which 
affect the added values such as 
excessive overtime, scrap, ma- 
terial yield and service cost, etc. 

If the Chancellor wants to assist 
this type of scheme, he could do 
far better by granting any tax relief 
to the use of the added-value 

Yours faithfully. 

A. R. SWANNACK, Director, 
Inbucon Human Resources, 
Horsenden Lane South, 




April 13. 

Paying for gas 

From the Editor of Gas World 
Sir, Dr Juler is correct to suggest in 
his letter published on March 29 
that the price of gas to the 
domestic consumer should be 
reduced in view of the recent fall 
in the price of oil 

I have recently returned from a 
visit to some gas companies in 
West Germany. The management 
I met there expressed incredulity 
that there should be any question 
whatsoever of gas prices being 
raised in the UK this year. In West 
Germany the domestic consumers 
will soon be benefiting by a 
reduction in price of around 5-10 
per cent. 

There is no reason at all why the 
same should not happen in this 
country. British Gas buys its 
supplies from the gas producers 
under contracts which relate to a 
so-called basket of oil prices— i.e^ 
crude oil. heavy fuel oil and gas 
oiL Since the cost of gas to BGC 
has now fallen significantly, it is 
difficult to see why this windfall 
should not be passed on to the 

I have recently put this very 
question to British Gas and have 
been given an evasive reply which 

makes me feel that, far from 
reducing the price of gas, they may 
in fra be considering increasing 
the price in the near future. 

The only justification for such 
an action would be to ensure that 
British Gas reports even larger 
profits than in the past when it 
presents its first financial results as 
a pic in 1987. 

This would undoubtedly bring a 
post-privatisation feeling of 
satisfaction to the Secretary of 
State for Energy, the Chancellor of 
the Exchequer and the new 
shareholders in British Gas. It 
would, however, be unlikely to 
leave the majority of BGCs 16 
million customers with a warm 

Ironically, it will be impossible 
to increase the price of gas to the 
consumer at a time of falling 
energy costs once British Gas has 
been privatised. Then the selling 
price to the consumer will be 
determined by a formula which 
allows for changes in the cost of 
gas to British Gas, 

Yours sincerely, 


Gas World, 

Benn Publications Ltd, 

Sovereign Way, 

Tonbridge, Kent. 

Animal research 

From Mr David Morton and 

Sir, The tetter condemning the 
Animals (Scientific Procedures) 
Bill signed by R. D. Ryder and 
others (March 26) is both mislead- 
ing and inaccurate and it dem- 
onstrates a complete lade of 
appreciation of modern legislative 
proccsses-The tetter from the 
Chairman of the R5PGA Gatmcfl, 
A G W. Hart, on the other hand, 
poses five points, all of which wfll 
be covered by the new BUI 

The Bill when enacted, will 
provide a strong base for sweeping 
reforms in the way animals are 
bred, supplied and used in scien- 
tific procedures. Its aim is not to 
ban selectively, as suggested by 
Ryder et aL, but to control ait areas 
where animals are used in re- 

Attendance at the open sessions 
of the Standing Committee would 
have provided Mr Ryder with 
information on amendments ac- 
cepted by the Government in 
committee, which answer some of 

Coach site choice 

From the Director of Planning. 
London Regional Transport 
Sir. Geoffrey Edwards's advocacy 
of Marylebone as a site for a 
centra] London coach terminal 
(March 19) omits some important 

First, Marylebone is currently 
an operational railway station. Its 
possible closure — and consequent 
availability for alternative pur- 
poses — is dependent upon de- 
cisions yet to be taken by the 
Secretary of State for Transport. 

More fundamentally, to provide 
the interchange facilities which 
coach operators and coach pas- 
sengers want, any new central 
London terminal must be served 
by coaches linking up with 
destinations throughout Great 

Marylebone was not shortlisted 
in the study recently commis- 
sioned by London Regional 
Transport because it could not 

Cambridge growth 

From Mr R. W. Lewis 
Sir, Once again Mr Ian Wray, In 
his article of April 4, asks us to 
abandon environmental conserva- 
tion in the naws of technological 
progress; only by allocating green 
belt land round Cambridge for 
development, he argues, can more 
science based industries of the 
type which have flourished there 
in recent years be created. 

He cites the examples of Man- 
chester, Birmingham and Leeds in 
the 19lh century, where our 
ancestors did not ‘‘sacrifice growth 
for conservation” and prosperity 
resulted. But he ignores the ob- 
vious difference. The great indus- 
trial towns of Victorian Britain 
were based on cheap local raw 
materials, which could not easily 
be moved elsewhere. 

the more genuine criticisms, for 
example, on the use of humane 
alternative techniques and on the 
admissibility in evidence of failure 
to comply with the codes. 

Our three associations have 
worked together, as an alliance, 
with the Government and have 
been successful in influencing 
government thinking during the 
preparation and passage of the Bill 
through the Lords and Commons, 
where a number of amendments 
have been accepted. 

Our alliance may not have 
achieved the politically impos- 
sible, but without doubt the road 
ahead at least offers hope and 
promise of change after several 
decades of stagnation and frustra- 

Yours faithfully, 

DAVID MORTON, Chairman, 
British Veterinary Association, An- 
nual Experiments Committee, 
Committee for the Reform of Ani- 
mal Experimentation, 

Fund for the Replacement of Ani- 
mals in Medical Experiments, 

14 Broadway. SW1. 

fulfil this “hub terminal” concept 
adequately. The local planning 
authority would require coach 
access to be restricted to a busway 
running along the railway align- 
ment This would make a Maryle- 
bone terminus unattractive to 
coach operators from the east and 
south of London. 

Our consultants’ study shows 
that significant passenger and 
environmental benefits should re- 
sult from the construction of a 
single bub terminal at the right 
location. The three shortlisted 
sites at Paddington. White City 
and King's Cross can potentially 
meet these objectives. 

Whatever site may be finally 
selected, our intention is to seek to 
fond the development, substan- 
tially if not entirely, by the private 

Yours faithfully. 


Director of Planning. 

London Regional Transport. 

S5 Broadway,SWl. 

Cambridge's raw material as 
Mr Wray himself points out, is 
brainpower — and brainpower is 
very easily moved It tends to go 
where the conditions necessary for 
it to flourish are most readily 
found and there is no reason why 
these cannot be created in and 
around universities in many other 
parts of Britain where skilled 
people, industrial buildings and 
housing, not to mention beautiful 
countryside, are ready and wait- 
ing. Agricultural land is our baric 
non-renewable resource. In a 
densely populated island it makes 
no sense to use up more and more 
of it to build facilities in over- 
crowded areas which are already 
available elsewhere. 

This does not mean we must 
resort to dirigiste controls; rather 
that the Government should re- 

‘Intolerance’ by 
teachers’ union 

From Professor Geoffrey Elton, 

Sir. Dr Peter W. Thomas (April 9) 
is absolutely right: the Association 
of University Teachers deserves 
no further respect Organized by 
people who do not teach for 
people who apparently would 
rather spend their time on other 
things than teaching, it has be- 
come another of those previously 
harmless bodies on which fanatics 
of the left practise their tactics of 

They showed this when they 
supported the attempt to exclude 
certain scholars from conferences 
on the grounds that they came 
from a country whose official 
policies met with disapproval; not 
because the persons ostracized 
wished, like cricketers, to go there, 
but because they wished, however 
briefly, to escape to what to to 
them looked like a free world. 

The (non-academic) Secretary 
of the AUT then wrote to you 
(November 16, 1985) to justify 
that principle of in to loanee. 
Those of us who have had some 
experience of intolerance cannot 
permit that such an organization 
should be believed to represent us. 
Nor does it, for it has not yet 
achieved its silent aim of a closed 

Fighting these developments in 
a meaningless body would occupy 
the time we need to pursue our 
proper avocations; the sensible 
thing is to get out and let rt wither 

Yours frithfollv, 


Clare College, 


April 11. 

US and the Contras 

From MrB. K. Levy 
Sir, In a disgraceful letter which 
you published today (April 2) the 
senior vice-chairman of the 
Federation of Conservative Stu- 
dents urges the British Govern- 
ment to afford “tangible military 
assistance” to the “resistance in 
Nicaragua'* (my emphasis). Mr 
Hoile founds this advice on the 
number of Nicaraguans whom he 
perceives to be disaffected and the 
size of the armed forces of the 
Nicaraguan Government 

A parity of reasoning would 
justify those who supply “tangible 
military assistance” to the IRA in 
Northern Ireland, where disaffec- 
tion with the Government appears 
to be no less and armed forces are 
maintained at a level which is at 
least com para We for a province 
with half the population and one- 
tenth of the area of Nicaragua, 
without the need for defence of the 
realm externally which an in- 
dependent country may assert 
even without overt threats from a 
super— power. 

It is high time that officers 
speaking with the voice of Conser- 
vative institutions realised that a 
democratic country cannot ap- 
probate resistance 

movemems/terrorists and rep- 
robate terrorists/resistance move- 
ments, depending solely on the 
political colour of the govern- 
ments concerned; hypocrisy 
should be left with the dictator- 
ships to which it naturally belongs. 
Yours etc, 

B. K. LEVY, 

9 Old Square, 

Lincoln’s Inn. WC2. 

April 2. 

Airport obligations 

From Sir Peter G. Masefield 
Sir, Looking at the draft BAA 
privatisation Bill, now at its report 
stage in the House of Commons, 
there seems to me, as a former 
Chairman of the British Airports 
Authority, that there is one, 
serious, omission from its require- 
ment of the new body in the 
private sector. 

No objectives are set and no 
duties required of the projected 
company. That was, indeed, the 
situation when the BAA was 
formed 21 years ago. My board of 
those days slated in its annual 
reports what it conceived to be its 
primary objectives. The first two 
of them were stated as: 

1. To provide at the airports under 
its control adequate capacity to 
meet the requirements of civil air 

2. To achieve and to monitor a 
balance between profitability and 
good service consonant with the 
obligation of the board to pay its 

May I commend these objec- 
tives as wholly appropriate to the 
new body when the projected new 
Act comes on the statute book? 

Yours faithfully, 


Doods Way, 



April 8. 

design its regional pokey, allocat- 
ing more resources to universities 
in areas ofhigfa unemployment for 
expansion of their work in the new 
technologies, and encouraging 
developers to create the surround- 
ing feci h ues which will attract 
academic entrepreneurs and en- 
able them to flourish. Already 
many universities in the region are 
moving in this direction and 
exciting new projects are being set 
up. The solution to Cambridge’s 
problem is not to destroy the 
environment which made the city 
attractive in the first place but to 
create similar centres of excellence 

Yours faithfully. 

R. W. LEWIS. Managing Director, 
Physiological Instrumentation 

Whit! and Abbey, 

Whitiand, Dyfed. 


APRIL 15 1931 

With the defeat of the Spanish 
dictator. General Prima de Rivera, 
in January, 1930 it was inevitable 
that King Alfonso XIII who had 
acquiesced m the abrogation of 
parliamentary rule would fall to 
the farces of republicanism which 
him steadily swollen during the 
eight years of the dictator's rule. 
Alfonso was bom a king, in May 
1886, his father Alfonso XII 
having died the previous 
November. Like most of Europe's 
monarchy he had links with 
Britain m his marriage to a 
grand-daughter of Queen Victoria. 
I Alfonso's departure was not cm 
abdication — that took place in 
Rome in January 1941 and was in 
favour of his son Juan, now Count 
of Barcelona, whose son Juan 
Carlos became king in 1975. King 
Alfonso died in Rome in February 
28, 1941, but not until 1980 were 
his remains brought to the royal 
mausoleum in Madrid. 





Seitor Alcala Zamora, the Re- 
publican Leader and Head of the 
new Provisional Government, 
speaking in person over the wire- 
less from the Ministry of the 
Interior in Madrid at 8.50 pm 
tonight, informed the nation that] 
the Republic was triumphant and 
in peaceful possession of office. 

The Republican leader appealed 
to the people to continue in the 
same spirit and enthusiasm but, as 
hitherto, with that respect for 
order which had made the revolu- 
tion a model one. The Republic 
could not promise them felicity, 
but would strive to bring beck to 
Spain respect for law and justice, 
would inquire into responsibilities, 
and would carry out administrative 
reform. The fust decree of the 
Republic, Sefior Akald Zamora 
declared, would be a complete 
political amnesty so that all Span- 
iards might be free to unite in 
working for Spate. He ended by 
begging the people to observe the 
watchword of order and Kberty, so 
that there would be no pretext for a 
reaction against their victory. 

The question as to whether the 
King has abdicated is doubtful. I 
have good authority for stating 
that his Majesty steadily refused to 
abdicate, and made it dear that he 
was leaving the country to make 
way for a peaceful consultation of 
the nation under the auspices of 
the party which won the elections. 
This important point will be made 
dear in the legal documents which 
are being drawn up for publication 
tomorrow. The Kteg'B departure is 
a sacrifice on his part to avoid 
possible bloodshed. 


The breathless rapidity with 
which a Monarchy centuries old 
has been swept away with no 
opposition from such hitherto 
steadfast forces as the Army and 
the Church, which has in the past 
inspired its faithful on many a 
previous occasion to fly to arms for 
the Monarchy, is nothing short of 
nm«gmg, and leaves observers in 
Madrid dumbfounded. Even the 
principal personages in the drama 
seem to move as automatons, and 
some of their actions are contradic- 
tory. Captain-General Aznar, the 
late Prime Minister, walking calm- 
ly out of the Palace at 6.45 pm 
saying: “We are going to establish 
martial law, which will be wel- 
comed both by Reds and Whites - 
you will know a decision 
tomorrow” gave no hint that just 
two hours later, et 8£0 pm, Seaor 
Alcala Zamora’s voice, filled with 
I emotion, would be heard by listen- 
ers on the wireless in the maiden 
speech of the first President of the 
Spanish Republic, made from a 
room in the Home Office flying the 
Republican flag overlooking the 
Puma del Sol, where General 
Martinez Anido controlled law and 
order in Spain for seven years. 

I learn that at one o’clock to-day 
the Royal Family, now on its way 
into exile, had made no prepara- 
tions for a hasty departure. Events 
seem to have precipitated them- 
selves between then and eight 
o'clock. The Queen's friends were 
calling at the Palace giving her 
flowers after luncheon. Then came 
the collapse — 

Count Romanones later had an 
important interview with Senor 
Alcala Zamora in the house of Dr 
Maranon. There Sehor Alcala Za- 
mora insisted upon the necessity 
for the King, in the interests of law 
aod order, to abdicate before dusk 

Miles cheaper 

From Mr K. Butterfield 
Sir, The fere to Gatwick has been 
pitched at a curiously high level 
perhaps because the service has 
been improved recently and be- 
cause it is much used by business 

Mr Woo) con (April 8) would do 
better to buy a ticket to Ifield, 5'A 
miles beyond Gatwick. At £3.80 
the fare is 40p less, and there is 
nothing to stop a passenger break- 
ing his journey at Gatwick. 

Yours faithfully, 


United Oxford &. Cambridge 
University Club. 

71 Pall Mall, SW1. 

Bubbling over 

From Mr John B. Harris 
Sir, For me the worst thing about 
the Fulham by-election was to see 
that the ritual abuse of a bottle of 
Champagne by winners has now 
reached Parliament. 

Yours faithfully. 


31 Princedale Road, 

Holland Park,WIl. 

April 12. 








April 14: The Queen, accompa- 
nied by The Dulce of Edinburgh. 
Ibis morning unveiled the Me- 
morial to The Duke of Bcauford 
at a Service in Gloucester 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips. The Duke ana Duchess 
of Gloucester and Prince Mi- 
chael of Kent were present 
The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh were received upon 
arrival by Her Majesty's Lord- 
Licuienani for Gloucestershire 
{Colonel Martin Gibbs), ihe 
Bishop of Gloucester tihe Right 
Reverend John Vales) and the 
Dean (the Very Reverend 
Kenneth Jennings). 

After the Service, The Queen, 
with The Duke of Edinburgh. 
The Duke and Duchess of 
Gloucester and Prince Michael 
of Kent, honoured the Chair- 
man of the County Council (Mr 
EJ. Radley) with her presence at 
luncheon in the Laud Room of 
Church House. 

In the afternoon. The Queen, 
accompanied by The Duke of 

Edinburgh, opened the new 
Widden Primary School- 

Having been received by Her 
Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant for 
Gloucestershire, the Chairman 
of the School Governors (Mrs 
K_ Smith) and the Headmistress 
(Mrs P. Martin), Her Majesty, 
with His Royal Highness, 
toured the School and unveiled 
a commemorative plaque. 

Lady Abel Smith, Lieutenant 
Colonel Sir John Miller. Mi 
Robert Fellowes and Major 
Hugh Lindsay were 

April 14: The Prince and Prin- 
cess of Wales arrived in Austria 
this afternoon in a British 
Airways Concorde to visit 
Vienna. „ ... 

Mrs George West, Mr David 
Roycroft, Mr John Haslam, 
Lieutenant-Commander Rich- 
ard AylartL RN and Surgeon 
Commander Ian Jenkins, RN 
are in attendance. 

April 14: The Duke of Kent, 
President of the Common- 
wealth War Graves Commis- 
sion, today received Air Chief 
Marshal Sir John BarracJough 
on relinquishing his appoint- 
ment as Vice-Chairman. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr J. Buchan 
and Lady Evelyn Phipps 
The engagement is announced 
between James, youngest son of 
the Hon William Buchan, of 
WesL End House, Hornton, 
Oxfordshire, and the late Mrs 
Buchan, and Evelyn, second 
daughter of the Marquess and 
Marchioness of Norman by. 

Mr J.K.K. Kins 
and Miss SJ. Hayden 
The engagement is announced 
between Julian, younger son of 
Sir Richard and Lady King, of 
Cobham. Surrey, and Sara, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs A.V. 
Hayden, of Cobham, Surrey. 

Mr H.C.M. Alexander 
and Miss M-M. Lockhart 
The engagement is announced 
between Hugh, eldest son of Dr 
and Mrs C.P. .Alexander, of 
Leicester, and Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs A.K- Lock- 
hart, of Earlish. Isle of Skye. 

Mr CS. Cullen 
and Miss F.A. London 
The engagement is announced 
between "Christopher Francis, 
eldest son of Mr and Mrs 
Christopher Edward Cullen, of 
Draycott-in-thc-Clay. Sudbury. 
Derby, and Felicity Ann. second 
daughter of Dr John Milton 
London, of MiJkwood. Hay-orv- 
Wyc, and Mrs Mary Christine 
London, of Hay-on-Wyc. 

MrJ.G. DsfT 
and Miss M.C.M. Tocci 
The engagement is announced 
between John Gordon, son of 
the late Peter Duff and of Mrs 
Pamela Duff, of Sherborne, 
Corset, and Michele Carole 
Marie, eldest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Francis Tocci, of 
Ramsgate, Kent 
Mr J.F. Finegolc 
and Miss J.A. Johnson 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan Francis, son 
of Mr and Mrs M. A. Finegold. 
of Margate. Kent, and Janine 
Amanda, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs J.L. Johnson, of Harrogaic, 
North Yorkshire. 

Mr N-S- Fodes-Pattlnson 
and Miss EX. Soatban 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas Simon, only 
son of Mr and Mrs Peter Foden- 
Pattinsoa. of Sea view, isle of 
Wight, and Elizabeth Louise, 
only daughter of Mrs James 
Southan and the late Mr James 
Sou than, of Kembenon House, 
Kemberton, Shifnal, 


Mr A J.G Fry 
and Miss E.CL Wong 
The engagement is announced 
between Gordon, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs G.E.C. Fry, of 
Burton Bradstock. Dorset and 
Elaine, youngest daughter of Mr 
K.H. Wong and Mme E. Lee, of 
Kuala Lumpur. Malaysia. 

Mr CM. Goldins 
and Miss H.B. Silver 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles, son of Mr and 
Mrs Nathan Golding, of Aridey, 
Hertfordshire, and Hayley, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Jeffrey 
Silver, of Finchley, London. 

Mr F.H.W. Rope 
and Miss MX Howard 
The engagement' is announced 
between Francis, son of Dr John 
Hope, of Andover, and Mrs 
Katherine Treadwell, of Ox ford, 
and Melanie, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Michael Howard, of 

Mr I. Johnson 
and DrS.L. Mantua 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian, son of Mr and Mrs 
A.FL Johnson, of Hailsham. 
Sussex, and Sarah, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs EX. Manton, of 
Guildford, Surrey. 

Mr M. Pery-Knox-Gore 
and Mbs A- Mallon 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, son of Ingrid 
Pery-Kn ox-Gore and the late 
Myles Pery-Knox-Gore, of 
Coolcronan Cottage, Baltina, Co 
Mayo. Ireland, and Ann. daugh- 
ter of Patrick and Nancy 
Mallon. of Ambrosetown 
House. Duncorraic. Co Wex- 
ford. Ireland. 


Dr G. Bricncns 
and Dr JS. Gndsell 
The marriage took place on 
April 5. WSb. in Trinity College 
Chapel. Cambridge, of Dr Ge- 
rard Bricognc. son of M and 
MtncM. Bricognc. of Puyricard. 
Southern France, and Dr Jen- 
nifer Godscll. eldest daughter of 
Mr and Mrs J F. Godsel!. of 
Toadsmoor. Gloucestershire. 
The Rev Dr J. Polkinghomc 
officiated. D; G. Miichison was 
best ntan. 

Mr DJ. 
and Miss AJ. Whitby 
The manias? took place on 
Saiurdjy April 12. 1936. at St 
Peter’s Church. Stochbridge. of 
Mr Donald lirookman. son of 
Mr end Mrs j.N. Brockman. of 
Bovomiv. Dorset, ar.d Miss 
Angela Wisii*-y. daughter of Mr 
and Mrs T Whitby. of 
S'eckbndsc. Hampshire. 

Mr. I. Deaa 
3rd Miss J.SA. Currie 
,\ service ofHescinp was held at 
Si Paul's. Knisiusbridgc. on 
Saturday. Apnl 5. after the 
marriage of Mr John Dean, son 
of tfie late Mr Norman Dean 
and M-s Dean, and Miss Juliette 
Cumc. daughter of Mr James 
M. Blyth. Cumc and Mrs 
Simone Currie. The Res Chris- 
topher Counauld officiated. 

A reception was held at the 
Berkeley hotel. 

Mr R.N. McKay 
and Mrs D.Gray 
The marriage took place yes- 
terday in Putney between Mr 
Robert McKay and Mrs Diana 

Mr J.P. Miller 
and Miss M.F. Giffard 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, at St Mary and St 
Chad. Brew nod, of Mr James 
Miller, eldest son of the late Mr 
Sam Miller and of Mrs Miller, of 
Northampton House. Bicester. 
Oxfordshire and Miss Man, 
GnTard. daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Peter Giffard. of CTriHinglon 
Hall. SialTbrdshire. The Dean of 
Lichfield, the Very Kev John 
Lang. Prebc-t-i.vy John Ridyard 
and the Rev R.C.W. Dam pier 

The tintfc. who was given in 
mamjge by her father, was 
attended by Cecilia Dampicr. 
Henrietta Dudgeon. Rebecca 
Hopper, Fiona Tumey and 
Charles GifTarcL Mr John Mar- 
tin Robinson was best man. 

* reception was held at 
Chillington HalL 

Mr S. Williams 
and Miss L Fleming 
The marriage took place on 
April S. in Henley-on-Thames, 
between Mr Simon Williams 
and Miss Lucy Fleming. 


Lord Rawlinson of EweBL QC, 
who Ins been appointed presi- 
dent of the Senate, the Bar's 
senior constitutional body. He 
succeeds Lord Janice Browne 
Wilkinson, QC Lord Rawlin- 
son, who retired front Bar 
practice last July, was Attor- 
ney General under the Heath 
odinhik tratitw from 1970 to 
1974, chairman of the Bar 
from 1975 to 1976, and trea- 
surer of the Inner Temple in 

Lady Amabel Lindsay, Miss 
Beatrix Miller and the Hon 
Jacob Rothschild to be mem- 
bers of the council of ihe Royal 

College of Art. 

Birthdays today 

Mr Jeffrey Archer, 46; Group 
Captain David Bolton. 54; Sir 
Adrian Cadbury. 57; Miss Clau- 
dia Cardinale, 43; Sir Richard 
Evans, 55: Lord Grey of 
Naunton. 76: Mr John Grigg, 
62: Sir Neville Marriner. 62; 
Professor C.D. Marsden, 48; Sir 
Peter Meruries. 74; Mr Maurice 
Shock, 60: Colonel H.E. Shortt 
99: Sir Leslie Smith. 67; Mr 
G.H. Stafford, 66; Mr CO. 
Stanley, 87; Dame Susan 
Walker, 80; Sir Douglas Wass, 


HM Government 
Baroness Young, Minister of 
State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, was host yes- 
terday at a luncheon bdd at 
Lancaster House in honour of 
the President of Kiribati 
HM Government 
Mr Timothy Renton. Minister 
of State for Foreign and 
Commonwealth Affairs, was 
host yesterday at a luncheon 
held at Lancaster House in 
honour of the Soviet 


Lord Mayor of Westminster 
The Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress of Westminster last 
night gave a dinner at City Hall 
in honour of the Lord Mayor 
and Lady Mayoress of London, 
who were accompanied by the 
Sheriffs and their ladies. The 
other guests were: 

The Chinese Ambassador and Mme 

Kenneth and Lady Newman. Dame 
Mawnt Weston. Sir Timothy and 
Lady Sevan. Mr TnnoOiy Renton. 
MP. Ueutenanl-Cohmel St J Brooke 
Johnson, and Mr and Mrs Simon 

Gold and Silver Wyie Drawers’ 

Mr Ronald R. EffiotL Master of 
the Gold and Silvery Wyre 
Drawers’ Company, presided at 
a dinner held last night at 
Painters' Hall Among those 
present were: 

The Chambertab of London, the 
Masters of the Tallow Chandlers-. 
Coopers'. Fletchers' and Chartered 
Accountants' companies: the Director- 
General of Ordnance Services, the 
President of the tnsutui* of Cost and 
Management Accountants, and the 
Honorary Treasurer of the British 
Olympic Asso ci atio n . 


Royal Overseas League 
Admiral Stansfield Turner was 
the guest speaker at a meeting of 
the Discussion Circle of the 
Royal Over-seas League held 
yesterday evening at Over-seas 
House. St James’s. Mrs Eliza- 
beth Crcsswcll pleaded. 

Sovereign’s Parade 

Princess Anne represented the 
Queen at the Sovefe^n's Parade 
at the Royal Military Academy 
Sandhurst on Friday. The 
following had their commis- 
sions confirmed in the regi- 
ments, corps shown, having 
successfully completed Stan- 
dard Graduate Course No 8S3. 

J ft Abate. ACME. London rtmperteB: 
j M AUMTtao. RA. Newnmei M J 
Adana. TtOJ. Oxford (Magateax.O A 
Ambrose. RA. Sheffield: B S Artn- 
strang. RAEC. RoyM CoUcpe Cf Mratc: 
J n Ashcraft MOCSaSontS P 
Austin. RA UW1ST: 3 J G Badman. 
RA. Newcastle; JP Barrett ll Eawte*: 

M J Btnmo. JtPC. Lancoflbfre Poly; R 

ButEML^I nSfesTj ^vva<wowe- 
D aid a London iCMdsnunaL A J 
BOafieM. Gurkha. UwBhPoronghi.R J 
c Boulton. & innts DC- Djnjggi 
(Imperial); A J R Buchanan. KOSB. 
Newcastle: P J P Buckley. RAEC. 
Surrey: ai dt J Barnet RE. New- 
castle: M W Cameron. RA. Lo*wto« 
OOngsi. N 8 V Campbell. RKF. 
Leicester; R W G Camubril. RA. 
Oxford i Oriel): BDN CardOn.4/7 
DG. Oxford i UnfvhCCP Carter. RCJ- 
St Andrews: C D Canermote. RA* St 
Djvhm: D L Champtei. REME. 

Chapman, rRF. EdlnhurehR O M 
Chttty. 16/19 H. Exeter: FJ3 CJayJon- 
Jotty. Para. Leeds: C 8 B Cite, 
RHG/D. Durham {HanWdR P N 
clemenB. DERR. Oxford (Mandate!* 
DDL Cockram. 17/ai LL™’™ 
fumvk TCdtE CoU&i. 13 /1 B H. 
Reading: J R E Compton. RA. E*««r 
CRN Cook. RE. Btrmhteiam: S 
Cook*. RE. Newcastle: NBCouKWr. 
RA. Cambridge (St Catherines^ LJC 

srarwff wwv 

BGT. Durham (HatSfehffc O W M 
Denholm. BVV. St Andrews: T J C 
Denton. RE. Surrey: J E DQnot. RCT. 
S Martins OoUow Of HE: CM Dtton. 
RCT. CoverSyRdyr A SDy*r. RA- 
Sounamphm: B p BdMrtk DC. St 
Andrews: MHP Talk. KOS8. Roal 
School of Mines: R M Farnoale. RA. 
Durham: D E Faolkiwr. Para. New- 

M FhnL R Senate. Oxford (Si 

RAEC. ea-Mffl*; 0 is CSovit. &een 
Howards. Then! fWyr A daOen. 
RE- soumamptoK B M Gr caty. RE. 

BJnmnohAin: P K C Grundy. RE. 

SDuUumimn: J C Gamp. RWF. 
LetcesMr: P A HanuKL ^RAOC. 
(J MKT; F D Harvey. X«/B L, 
Newcastle: J R HeaUunan. HEME. 
Liverpool: T C C Hkuod. Kitov 
L iverpool: P C W HU1. SG. Exelg: J E 
Hind. Queens. North London Poty; D 
j Hitchcock, raw. Cambridge oSmu- 

j R Hockentrau. tni Corps. York R A 

J Hodkmsgn. bn oorp. Kent: CNF 

Hogarth. Own Cds. London (Bed- 
iptai: Q C A HOQaxtd. RHC-D 
NwwatflBRCHcms^DWR. Ubter: 

JJH Hook. RTR. JEMtWT J A Howard. 

RE. London (ttnpenaU: J A C 
HowmQoo. aW. Cambridge (Mao- 

dMnt A C Hughes. 17/21 L 

Reading: M T E HultMap. RTR. 
Exeter: SEC Ingham. RCjT Oxford 
iManaftekU: M F Ingtedow. Queans. 
Cambridge (Emnmnud): A G Jackson. 
Own Howards. Durham (LnlvL A T 
Jackson. PWO. Yoric T S Junes. 
Gurkha. Sheffield: A D KdL RTR, 
Aberystwyth: n A Ke ny. RCT. 
Queern: P J Kidd. RTR. fOngston 
Poly: J Q KDllp. RE. BtrnOwham: R J 
K Lalrrl RTR. London iQueen Mary); 
J M Lam and. Gurkha. Leeds: G C N 
Lane-Fox. Winner of live Queen's 
MedaL ^RHC / D.^Newcmtie: eTniga. 

Lond^r - OOn&lr. D W Luck. RA. 
Liverpool: j K Maddox. Gurkha. 
Loughborough: M P Maer. Queerer 
Lorafwi iWyer: D J Marsh. HEME. 
Bath: A B McLeod. RCT. North 
London Rohr. R J McLetod. SC. 
Oxford (Oriel »: P S Memervy. D and 
D. Edinburgh: D A J Minen. RCT. 
Leicester: R H Mbler. U. Readtam: M 
K Milne. 14/20 H. Exeter R V L 
MUciwu. Gurkha. Southampton: J R B 
Moore. Coidm Qtv Exwer D H 
Monan. 14/20 H. Edtoburaiu C G SU 
NevSTaO mars. Durham (HatfleWt J 
M Newsome. RE. Birmingham; F R 
Noble, RE. ueedr. A J CT Normand. 
KG J. Oxford (WonoesterX N J Nttyle. 
RE. Leicester: R E Nugee. RA. 
Durham (Creyk M O'Connor. RAEC. 
Southampton: M K Oftver, RE. 
Cambridge (PeterhooseJ: M P O 

KAOC. _ 

HWre. Aston; A H Perrtm. aw. 


Wales KCPtortor. HE unwSt: m 
RNMiwy. R Stauals. Newcastle: T w 

rS^^^StWoi POUT AC 

>y. RAF. London (H 



Stradiafl. RRF. Wo(vertiami*m rw: 
R I A Swan. RE. EMHr D j> T^Ann 


TflQin pgflil . 

PRC Tnompson. RA. 
fChnsrsk R « 

milHhdiTi; D J l UL RA. ES9C9C J M 
tSl DEHA. Newcasoe: D w 



UnhMfsKy: A 

Coventry Po«y- I R 

J ventotL 

Yoric S R West, ra. 

HWlowayk G H t 
Portsmouth BntoT A A „ 

1S/19 HL . 53lj»m(Orprt: BCT 
WtittworttL RE. Exeter: C P wmcock. 

Alierydtwyth: A P F WSion. P. 
AJ Allen. WRAC. Pa ten GS: K M 

Chartesworth. WRAC/RAEC. Krab C 

ue%,a ss^sJsfmMt 


Derrick. WRAC. Tiverton: S P Dixon. 
WRAC/RAEC. Oxfbrd Pt*n J Oon- 
ald. WRAC/REME. Oxford: E A 
Dunn. WRAC. Durham: F E Evam. 
wrac. SHetOM c Fr&anoa. WRAC. 
Godabnino: F H Gardner. WRAC. 

^Iu^aSmI: A C H^LmIrAC/RAEG. 
Leeds: C M J Hay. WRAC. Fife L E 
Hewitt. WRAC. Belfast: L S HOrton. 
WRAC/RAEC. Lampeter: G E Ireland. 
WRAC/RCT. Leeds: D Q Jardme. 
WRAC. Nuneaton: D Johnson. 
WRAC. AaUey MS: & E Kemp. WRAC 
WattfunTHST S M KXtMtttrn. Wluoer 
of me Sash of HwuwTWRAC LeeM 

Mount: D J Oberiietan. WRAC/RAEC 
Avery Hill: K E Pulverman. 
WRAC/flE. London: J V Rawson. 
WRAC/RAOC London: S E rook 
wrac Wotdtngnanr J u SneBer. 
WRAC Graenford H8: M L TOIL 
WRAC/RS. Ktrkbfe Kendal Cotnpe F 
M E Thomas. WRAC Reading: 1 
Thomson. WR AC S tramctyde G A 
TitfonL WRAC/REME. WVmoDdham. 
C A J TlndalL WRAC/RS. LoDdonTB 

Venner. WRAC Wakes: SCL Walker. 
wrac Wentworth Mmon irniB 

■ Mmon Mount; C 
BUmlngtvam; S H 
lull: E R Williams. 

M Ward. WRAC. E. . 

Watson, wrac Hull-. 


Warwick: P A Wilson. HEME. Sal- 
ford: D A Wombwed. ra. Aston: M J 
woodbam. RS. JtenL A M Wylie. RA. 

The folio wing overseas caftets 
also passed out wftb a view to 
being commissioned in the 
armed forces of their countries. 

H K AKThauL Qatar: K s Annuar. 
Malaysia: A' CoutehT The Gambia: F 
DrfMbs. Trinidad A Tobago; I M 
Farts. Iran: A M Jnnuna. Oman: P K 
Koh. Singapore: C Y Leona. Singa- 
pore: C LertchaL Thaltand: B 
lahalefefe. Leaottw; A ManyocbL 
Imbatiwe: M Mohaxned. haa: & 
landrez. Bribe: C a Roper. Wlnnv 
or the overseas Cane. JatroKa: A T 

W N wntshhr. jamaKK P YettUn. 

St Mary’s Hall, 

The school reassembles on April 
17 for the ISGth anniversary 
term. Celebrations begin with 
performances of Dido and Ae- 
neas on Thursday, Friday and 
Saturday. May 8, 9 and 10. On 
July 10 there will be a service of 

commemoration and thanks- 
giving at which the Archbishop 
of Canteriruty will preach. St 
Mary’s Hall Association will be 
holding a special commemora- 
tion day on Saturday, Septem- 
ber 20. Friends ofthe school and 
old giris can obtain full details of 
these and other events from the 
school secretary. 

Memorial service 

The Right Rev A. Otter 
The Andtbishop of Canterbury 
was represented by the Right 
Rev Kenneth Riches at a me- 
morial service for the Right Rev 
Anthony Otter held yesterday at 
St Wulrram's, Grantham. The 
Rev R. Reiss officiated and the 
Bishop of Grantham led the 
prayers . Mr John Otter, 
brother, read the lesson and the 
Bishop of Lincoln gave an 


The infant son of Mr and Mrs 
Richard BaiUie was baptised 

Edward George by Father Kevin 
Rafferty. The godparents are Mr 
Felix Hope-Nicholson, George 
Hope Yr of Luffhess, Admiral 
John Kirkpatrick. USN, the 
Duchess of Hamilton and Bran- 
don, the Hon Mis Elizabeth 
F ai ib ai ra and Miss Catharine 
Hope of Luffhess (for whom 
Miss Cecilia Hope stood proxy). 

University news 


Stanley Tbontks JMuisan rouadaffoo: 
£76.000 lo Dr Jean Gfnsburg Dor 
research on vascular activity n Un 

Arthritis airt Rhraraausm Cou n c i l : 
£51.708 w Or L.W. PouHer and 
Protestor cjS. Ptanayl for modi oa 
the Interaction of macroohage-Hke 
«lte and brmMmcytes in RA.and thetr 
not jn the mthowmeate of mis disease. 
Irertgute of Alcohol Studies: £39-505 
lo Professor A.G- Shaper for research 
on the effects of alcohol e nm u mpao n 
In middkNMc*) Brttisb men. 


Honorary degrees 
Doctor of Letters: Father Mi- 
chael Child; Miss F.mtna 
Kirkby, Sir Leo Pliatzky. 

Doctor of Science: Mr David 
Hills; Sir John Hoslgrns. 

Master of Axis: Miss Brenda 

Science report 

Saving Soviet art from bacteria 

By a Special Correspondent 

The recent destruction of and 
damage to art treasures at the 
Victoria and Albert Museum 
and at Hampton Court by Core 
and water has highlighted the 
potential danger from those two 
nsttral elements- Yet another, 
more insidious and continual 
threat lo many oki wor ks of art is 
posed by micro-organisms. 

How to preserve antique 
manuscripts and miniatures on 
parchment and leather has been 
studied for a tong time. Bat, 
according to Soviet micro-biolo- 
gists. although it had been 
suspected that bacteria played 
an important part in then- 
deterioration, there was tittle 
evidence ia support. 

Members of the Soviet Scien- 
tific Research Institute of 
Restoration and of Moscow 
University examinedlbal suppo- 

sition under the electron micro- 

The Soviet researchers first 
isolated bacteria from a variety 
of oid articles by taking small 
pieces of leather aad parchment 
containing traces of biological 
damage, rinsing them in sterile 
water, pulverizing them and 
cultivating the resetting suspen- 
sion Hi varions nutritive media. 

They established that between 
60 and 100 per cent of the 
varions species of the cultivated 
micro-organisms bdkmged to the 
in rill ns genus, a widespread 
form of spore-forraisg bacteria. 
The next task was to investigate 
the bacfUns’s capacity to split 
varions proteins. 

In laboratory trials methyl- 
bromide emerged as the most 
effective antiseptic to protect 
parchment and leather. Sub- 

sequently, when bacteria from 
various articles were examined 
after being treated with this 
solution, they were found to be 
not virile enough to destroy 
parchment or leather. 

The Russians made two mere 
discoveries: bacteria from eigh- 
teenth or nineteenth-century 
documents spread compar- 
atively slowly and were not very 
good at breaking down pr ote ins . 

More significantly perhaps, 
the same feeble hacteria found in 

sixteenth and seventeenth-cen- 
tury manuscripts after dosages 
of methyl-bnunkie were also 
detected in Twtmitrd Greek 
manuscripts of the th ir te en th 
century, proving that the Greek 

secrets of preserriq L ‘ 

and leather bad not 


Exponent of revolutionary feminism 

Simone tie Beauvoir, who 
died yesterday, was, ia part- 
nership with Jean-Paui Sartre, 
a leading philosopher-xiovdisi 
of the existentialist school and 
later, on her own, a theorist of 
radical feminism. 

She was born in Paris cm 
January 9, 1908 into a pros- 
perous and cultivated though 
not exceptionally distin- 
guished family. Her father 
dabbled in the theatre both as 
actor and director, but was too 
conscious of his status as a 
gentleman to do so for profit. 

He upheld the traditional 
French upper-class ethos with 
something of the same 
humourless rigidity with 
which his daughter afterwards 
attacked it 

Simone de Beauvoir’s ear- 
nestness and -intensity re- 
vealed itself az an early age: 
Even as a child she was 
tormented by doubts about 
the existence of God and the 
moral order of the universe, 
and these doubts promptest 
her first essays into 

As an adolescent she re- 
solved to study philosophy, 
not merely as part of an 
ordinary student’s syllabus, 
bin as a specialist. Her parents 
and teachers were discourag- 
ing. Philosophy, she was told, 
was a man's subject. 

She studied philosophy in 
Paris together with Simone 
Wed with whom she might be 
thought to have much in 
common, but friendship did 
not ripen betwen the two 
women, and the reason may 
perhaps be seen in a remark of 
Simone de Beauvoir’s that 
while Simone Weil was wholly 
concerned with problems of 
social justice, she herself was 
absorbed with the problem of 
the meaning of existence. 

Simone de Beauvoir herself 
was to come in rime to be 
absorbed with problems of 
social justice, but in her 
younger days metaphysics was 
her chief concern. 

Preparing for the 
agregation, she specialized in 
Leibniz and was nominally 
the pupil ofBnmschvig, but in 
practice she was coached by 
two fellow students with 
whom she had liaisons, first 
Rend Maheu and then Sartre. 

She passed the competition 
successfully when she was 21, 
the youngest agrigte in phi- 
losophy in France. Maheu, a 
future director-general of 
Unesco, soon proved too 
much a discreet establishment 
personality for her liking (she 
led to refer to him in her 
memoirs in his lifetime under 
a pseudonym, Aadr6 
Herbaut); by contrast, the 
uncompromising, unconven- 
tional Sartre thrilled her; 
meeting him she felt she 
“could share everything with 
him always”. 

Sartre, three years older 
than she, became in effect her 
guru. They framed a union 
which, though painstakingly 
distinguished from “bourgeois 
marriage” remained a set tied 
partnership until his death in 

In both her philosophical 
and her political thinking, she 
follows his lead, and like him 
she tried to express her ideas' 
in a variety of literary forms— 
novels, stories and plays as 
well as straight theoretical 

Her best philosophical 
work, of an academic kind, 
was her earliest. Pour une 
morale de l" ambiguity ( 1947) 
and VExjstentimsme et .Ia 
sagesse des nations (1948) in 
which she attempted to revise 
the conventional existentialist 
notion that life is ‘’absurd” hr 
defining it instead as 

The meaning of fife, she 
suggested, is what each one of 
us can discover or create for 
himself. Similarly, die argued 
that there can be moral values 
insofar as men construct them 
for themselves. 

Simone de Beauvoir’s most 
successful novel was Les Man- 
darins (1954) a roman a dd 
about Sartre, Camus, herself 
and other luminaries of the 
French left-wing after the 
Liberation. The book won the 
Prix Goncoun, and was a best- 
seller, bat merisely because it 
was so "realist ", it was also hCT 
least characteristic and dis- 
tinctive work. 

In an essay on Littiratureet 
m&aphysique (1 946) she. ex- 
plained wax her aim was to 
write a “metaphysical novel" 
and the two books that came 
closest to realising this ambi- 
tion were written at about the 
same time: Le Sang des Autres 
<1945) about a young girl who 
thirsts for the -Abeofuxe and 
then solves theproblem oflife 
by dying a .some death, and 
Torn les hommes sont mortds 
(1946) about a woman who 
dreads death and then discov- 
ers that life is an even heavier 

Death was a constam-fheme 
in SimonedeBeauvwr’s writ- 
ing and became more promi- 
nent with the passage of time. 
Une man iris douce (1964) is 
aboat the painful death of her 
mother; La^PiefflesseftinOfit 
as much concerned with dying 
as ^with ageing; La. dretriohie 
des Admtx XX^Yy is about 
Sartre’s death - it ends with 
these words: "Sa mint nous 
stpare. Ma mart ne nous 

the years m wtti<* 

rich and famous. 
PSST she wore gracefully 
S. tat riches posed 
Sobtems for her- She 
Srely bring herself tosPcmi 
Si on clothes; mth an 
tffofof Will she bought 
herself a smaH p r andj i 
modest flat near the cemetery 

of Montparnasse. 

Alter L'Age de 
which came out in 196&s« 
foraook the novelas a hiwag 
medium. A book entiled 
Ouand prime te sptnlud ap- 
oared in 1979, but it 
out to be an experiment in 
fiction from the 

the title an ironical reference 

to the “spiritual” philosophy 
of Jacques Man min which the 
book was designed to rcfufo 
from a perspective of ametst 

existentialism- . ..._ 
Simone de Beauvoir <na not 
participate in Sartre’s later 

enterprise of “integrating exis- 
tentialism with Marxism , al* 
ihongh she had to some extern 
to nurse him through the 
ordcai of composing his later 

mammoth wonts, and m the 
last years of his life when be 
grew progressively more 
blind, she spent more and 
more time in his company, 
leading aloud to him, and 
helping to manage his money, 
which he was apt to lose ior 
give away with reckless 

6S ^S t ora» compared his 
life with her to that of George 
Henry Lewis with George 
Biot and indeed, however 
unlike Lewis Sartre may have 

r&tnirapcts. Vest ainsk il est been, Stmane de Beauvoir did 
dejd beau que nos vies aientpu have a lot in common with 

d long temps sfaccarder*. 

Simone de Beauvoir 
reached a wide audience with 
herjournafisnvShe also wrote 
a number of travel books, one 
about the United States, 
which was bitterly hostile, and 
others about FSnna and .Cuba, 
which were consq>mKfing(y 

In some respects her roost 
substantial literary achieve- 
ment was her autobiography. 

In the first volume, Memoires 
she describes the family and 
the world in which sbewtw 
up. In La Forte des Chases 
(1963) die wrote about her 
reaction against that back- 
ground, and about her life 
with Sartre. 

She recalled that, after their 
agregation, they were separat- 
ed by their teaching dnripy . 
which kept Sartre in Le Havre 
while die was. m Marseilles, 
and Sartre suggested that they 
should many so as to be 
appointed, to the same town. , emogedin Europe and Amer- 
De Beauvoir firmly . resisted ica m th&1960s and- 1970s. 

such a compromise wife her 
principles; if they intended to 
nave children, she would have 
agreed, but as they did not, she 
stuck to her “radical 
freedom”. - ‘ 7 - 

Sartre himsdf. seems to 
have been refievodj continu- 
ing to five wife Us . mother 
until her death many years 
later, and pursuing an the ride 
bis various sexual adventures. 

1 * In her efforts to keep pace 
with Mm, and enact the role of 
thefuHyliberated woman, she 
tiBewtosdCaqxiitfaigt oher 
memoirs, into' affairs wife 
such unfikely people as Nel- 
son Algren, a Chicago novel- 
ist, and Gaude Lanzmagn, a 
Marxist journalist 16 yeanrher 
junior. In fee end, fee always 

returned to Sartre. • 

It was Sartre’s financial 
success which enabled her, 
after 12 years of teaching, to 
quite the fyede as he had done; 
aad soon she was earning her 
own living. Her tastes were 
frugal; Sartre and sbe always 
met, in her words, “as equalsT. 
The chief difference feat de 
Beauvoir noted between Sar- 
tre and herself wa& that he 
“was shaped by books” where- 
as she was affected by ‘imme- 
diate experience”. 

Sartre himself; in his 
menioris, Les Mots, con- 
firmed that diagnosis. Simone 
de Beauvoir was also more 
robust than Sartre. As a young 
teacher in Marseilles she 
would hike for 20 miles a day 
in espadrilles; on visits to 

fi-rmni sm wqsdqe tfr j pg fe g 

didr not team from Sartre. 
Indeed in an interview she 
once reproached Sartre for 
being a “phallocrafY and he 
denied the charge with only a 
mock indignation. - 
In 1972, she helped found a 
society called Choisir, to pro- 
mote the cause of abortion 
mid contraception cm de- 
mand. Two years later she was 
elected President of the Ligue 
do Droit des Femmes. She 
refused, however, to have 
anything to do wife the UN 
Women's Yem* in 1976, claim- 
ing that fee Mexico Women's 
Conference was designed 
“only to integrate women in a 
mascul i ne society". 

She supported the alterna- 
tive “revolutionary feminist" 
congress in Brussels. 

As mi active editorial direc- 
tor of the review Les Temps 
Modemes, Simone - de Beau- 
voir made “revolutionary 
feminism" one of its fevoured 
causes, and fee devoted most 
of her articles, interviews and 
television appearances to this 
subject in the later years. 

Although she remained on 
the far left all her life, she 
became- with time more criti- 
cal of the Soviet Union be- 
cause of its persecution of 
dissenters and of the French 
Communist Party because it 
stood for “population not 
contraception". 1 
Simone de Beauvoir was 
always a very readable writer, 
and a very likeable person. 

E333TT2S, B3AK33AS53, 

SA a lisas + 15% VAT 
(Runiauci 1 Lines) 

^nnoiHWfnena.aiiihenueaia! fey flie 
name and pernwacni address oi" ihe 
under mn te sem u 

P© QOK 480 
Virginia Siretrt 

London £1 

a telephoned Iby telephone subscrib- 
ers only! 10 03.-451 2024 
AnnaunceoMrAK cm be Keened by 
Kfccteme between O/VJjm and 
j Wpa Monday to Friday on Scuor 
day between 9 Wan and 12 »t>ou 

( 02-433 4000 Only). Por public*. 

BUU2ES, WEDDWCS, eic on ftem 
and Social Page S» a &» + 15% 


Court and Sored Plage announcer 
rants tM «tw ** aaeptrtk by 

KktdiOiic Enquiries to 01 -C££ 
SP53. or 5eod » 1 
StrML UadW tl 

Greece, fee would try to drag ■ Her honesty, her sincerity her 
Sartre on tong walks in the almost Victorian high serious- 
middaysurL ness, commanded widespread 

Infoethrtd vohnne of her respect, even from those who 
* disagreed with her somewhat 
Page (I960) she wrote about extreme opinions. 

c * — --- 

jrr now reWJ» 

‘ »»r a. 35 

*prfl ttw fith » Arabella 
a son. 

n April air In bfaWM *» 
Sc Drown) and OM<«. 3 _ 
attina SiAn- a w 

CANNINfion 9Ut April at st TlKmrasM 
Hospital lo Jane ttti* Gametn and 
Simon a son. James Pcler Robert 

COLE > on Ux nth April 1986. to 
Rosanna (ne* WooUcorabei and Ter- 
ry. a daughter. Sarah Fettcfly Rase, 
sis^r for Edward and EUsaberh. 

raA3fiE on April 12lh X986. at Wind- 
sor Berkshire. To Janet inee Sarsuyi 
and Jeremy, a son. Edward David 
Cha rles. 

FITZGERALD - on 9th April, lo 
Presltey inee BaxrndaleJ and Rich- 
ard. a son. a brother lor Felicity. 

POSTER on April lllh at The Royal 
Free. Hairmtead. to Beth (n6e Shrt- 
don - and Nick, a son Henry George 

GRIFFITHS on April 6th to Henrietta 
i Nee Halil and David, a daughter Ek>- 
hc Emma, a Sister tor Thomas 

HALL - On April 5th to Ntoola tote 
Padrn and Give, a son (Benjamin 
Jam«i. Wothcr for Thomas. 

HICKMAN on 13th April 1966 at The 
Wrmmgham Maternity HosnUaL to 
Pel* Iikc David i aad Derek, a son. 
Maxwell John Kedward- 

SMSOH - On April ihe !2tB l98fii at 
OdsiocR HowhaL Salisbury- to tww 
fner TaMiercrl and Nicholas, a son 
■George Edward) a bromer for 

•HHEJT - To ICathryn (nee Lacey) and 
Niget. on 3rd April, a son. Daniel 

«*»DY at Dorchester on 12th April to 
Annie and John, a son. Timothy 
Ed^-ard Walker. 

mom - on Btn Aarfl. lo Ten inee 
Lfcui and Disraeli, a son. Germain 
Julian, a brother for Yves 

WWCR - On April Die tsL at the Prin- 
cess Arme Hospital, to Janpieline 
Jhd Ketlh. a daughfrr. Chari ode 
Ew> "»a. a sister for James Anthony. 

- On Slh April in New York, 
to Olivia (nee HugiHI and David, a 
*W9M*r. EJspeth. sister lor 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

- On April torn, ai Dulwieh 
Hospital. Hi Damete tote truing) and 
David, a daughter. Sopnie Claire, a 
sister for Domimoue. 



April 1996. al Ahefted Methodist 
Church. Nicholas, only son Of Mr 
and Mrs Roger Dugdale to Roselle, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs GeraM 


ORffVC : McNESL The nuniase took 
place In Henley ^sa-Thanxs on Satur- 
day the 12Ui AML 1986. of Mr Tom 
Grieve and Mrs Peg McNeil. 


BAVFDRD - Regay. peacefully at 
heme, loving wife of David, on 13th 
April. Funeral service at SI- Law- 
rence Church, wootton St Lawrence. 
Basingstoke on 16th April at liam. 
Committal service at Uanileonset 
Church. Garth at 5pm on Ihe same 

BfiUUU inee Smllhi. 'Mac', suddenly 
on April I Oth ai none. 1 6 Beaufort 
Avenue. Langland. Swansea. The be- 
loved wire ef Julian, dearly loved 
mother of Ka» and David. Service ai 
All Saints Church- Oystormouth- on 
Thursday April lTHi 01 tP-OL. prior 
to private family service at Swansea 
Crematorium. Family flowers only 
please bui donations may. If so de- 
sired. he sent to The Nancy Evans 
Memorial Fund. c«o Mrs Edward*. 
Medical &0O4! Wortter, Singleton 
Hospital. Swansea. 

BRETT -On April 12th HeotnaM (Ray) 
Oi the Cottage. Pucklngion. nmnrater. 
beloved nusnand of Eteooora. Oe- 
Rvaiion pnvaic. No newer) or letters 
picas* Memorial service al St An- 
drevviv Cjiurrn Pucrtngton. on 
Saturday April I9tn at 2.30pm. 

BROCAN-CclmPairlrk.on April I2lh 
I < **e> suddenly at his nome. at 35. 
Berredaie Avenue. Glasgow, very 
dwiv twtoved o I all his (amity. 

CARJt-FOnSfER. On April % at 
A Ber com House. Cambency. In her 
51st year. Hilary Betty. Moved 
mottier of Prter and sraoemother at 
Philippe. Ouvier and Nicolas. Funer- 
al private. 

CDUSKEMS on April 8th tragically in 
an aircraft acddenL Vaiene inee 
Bon l face i. Mgrt and Stephen, dearest 
wife and bekned sons of Philip 
Coussens. Funeral service ai Die Par- 
ish Church of sl James The Less, 
Pangboume at 2 pro Wednesday 
I6lh April, to be followed by a pri- 
iale burial, newer* to CR1I H. 
Lovegrove. 114-116 Oxford Road. 
Readina Donations if desired to 
Gr«ai Ormond SUttt ChUdrro 

OANHAW AY on 1-ath April after a ran- 
rageous fight. Derek James, much 
loved husband of Maureen and fa- 
ther of Gillian. Graham. Timothy 
and Sarah. He will be sadly mooed 
by W* family and friends. Funeral 
Servw on Friday !6Ui AMU at 
Z JOpoj at Luton Crematorium 
Flowers to w Austin A Sons, The 
Grange. Stovenape- HertsfontaBirf. 

GtfNNER -Ernest Robert. April 10th In 
Canada. Memorial service later tn 
London- No flowers ptoase. Dons- 
Hon* to Butchers Charitable InstUnleu 

MU WlW - On April 12th peace* 
fully in hospOaL Fnedri. beloved 
Wife of Fritz, saner, mother and 
grandmother. Funeral at the Liberal 
Jewish Cemetery. Pound Lane. 
NWlO. today. April ISDt at 3-S0pm. 
No flowera ptease, but don^iona wei- 
OHtrt to Ycmh AHyah. College 
House. New College Parade, NW3. 

HWKMAN - On April 12 1386. peace- 
fully after a loop Hines, at the 
Crosvenor Nufoeld HosutaL Ches- 
ter. Poggy Battiara. beloved mottier 
of Bonw. Funeral service jfam on 
Thursday 17th April at TUfton 
Church. TDfton foBowed by 

BWfT on Aarfl IJtfi 1 90S John Antho- 
ny of CtwduJdL ChUboIkm. beloved 
husband of Mariorie and much kwrd 
father, steptattier and grandfather. 
Funeral at Chitbalton Chardi at Stout 
on Friday April I&tti. 

JOHNSON - On Saairday April 12th 
1386, peacefully at the Royal star 
And Garin- Home. Richxnond-wo. 
Thames. A the!, barrister at law, dear 
misnand of Jinks and father of Peter. 
James and me t ate Judy. Cremation 
al Mon lake Crematorium on Friday 
the mb April at ana. Family How- 
ers only and otherwise donations tf 

desired to me Ttoyal Star And Carter 
Home in tnosl grateful appwd att on 
at their kindness. 

UEOMARO - on April 13tb. 199$. 
peacefully at home. RKhaM Francis 
william iDJcW. Much laved an d lov- 
ing husband of Lilian, dear father 
and grandfather. Funeral 
Gitsdbarough Church Friday. April 
ISUv a> S pm. Donations may be 
mate to DavM SuUMle Fuad tor 
Cancer Hato Centre. Acres HBL 
Chtsetootough. Som. 

MOSSC - Oa Airil la suddKUy at 
home. Janetta, loved wild of Ja&fl*. 
loving mother of Peter and Martto. 
and raa ntt iu other or Patrick. An- 
drew. Sutton and OHigku. Sadtv 
missed by many. Ftawrat TbccMtay 
April 17. Famfly Dowers only- Dona- 
tions tf dotted to .GtoWteg 
Samaritans. DciaBs H. PHricft G2S2 

OCLE . On APIA litfa suddenly aft 
home. John Bnn*. aged 74. 
formeriey of Croydon, betoved has- 
band of Joan ana much loved father 
of Caroline. Service at Cmydoo. ens 
RHUrium, Thornton Rood, -w 
Friday Aarfl 18 lbat 12 . 1 B**n. Fran- 
UV flowm «Wy but donations U 
doited lo The British Heart Fomate- 
bon c/o J 9 Shakespeare ltd. ST 
George Street Croydon. . - 

tEAKS&f -On April 9Hi 1986. fsa» 
hilly. Jean CtottUna. fonuerty 
Principal of Pe i ufleMP SO® Form 
College, and prevtousfy Head Mis- 
tress or Peamam HW> School. 
SetfortL Funeral wrvioo 41 S 
Mary's. Church. Clevedon. Avon, oa 
Wednesday April 16. a 2pm foL 
lowed by private oumatton. Family 
Rowers only, bat donauona If desired 
for St Retort Hospice, c/a ft G 
Rawlings l«. Ft mem Directors. 8 
Woodlands AL Qnedon. Avon. 
BS2I 700- 

SHEEN On QM lift of Anfl I960 ft 
ber borne. DIANE- for 40 yean the 
much kivad wtfcof Barry, fte loved 
and Urvtag mother of Christopher. 
Adrian and Roderick, and "dear 
Cranny** to Harrtette. Joanna, Efl- 
wam ana penetope. by all of whom 
She win be sadly mfaacd and always 
renumbered with love and admtea- 
ilon. Funcnd at Sl Mary's. 
WbuMedon at 9pm on Thursday 
1 7th Apert. MHoweif or Cremation, 
family only. No Dowers by her 

WM1W FtnmiR . Eltoen Mary 
Irvine. .Of Bomhuw Tower, 
(ameoridge. Dumfriemhire. peace- 
fully. aged 94. on Aft April 1986. 
Gnsqftton jotvaie. 

IWRHBt on Aprfl 12H Alexander 
Ocobtav Thatcher, belovod husband 
ef Marierle and dear entwr or Veron- 
ica and MIchaoL FUneral at St 
Btottwtontowqk WRttnraagh an i7Hi 
Aprfl at llASam. FBnUy flo wers 
only tmf dwtetons ff deatml to The 
Honourable Artffiay Oonuuuv Ba. 

n rvo m tt Fund. Davvqjb H-C 

ft Co. 86 East Street Farnbara. 

Vfeams - JMaFRtocts. Aflcra aort 

meat. pracrioRy an apt* i am at 
ftp ope or 75. Mooned by afl Ms 
tovtngfamay aid friends. Funerai to 
take pipe* on April (bo 16th, a 4J0 
pm. GoWLen Oesi Osmtocrium. 
Hoop Lane. 

*JLX.»OB lOfh April at fmme. AHca 
^ a ^ S l b riouod wife of me 
we Eric, (taarastmonier of John and 

Joy. very specbd. much tovwdartoto- 

, me af Joanna, service at Si Stephan 
Cftunch. £&s! Twickenham an Friday 
18ft Aprfl at lASntu. Faoi&y Bow. 


bjtote. Qr. Edward SteftoSS. 

^-. ,h S« < S2 w -„^S 

loved (ather-ln-uw. 
grau-qrandfafter. sendee iS 
Morionbafl Crematorimn. 

- ChapeL Edinburgh. FriflniSS 
AteB 0(2.1^: n,SW 1Btt 

01 e W^Vtteale 
wmo. t atertwm . Surrey and Lavtnla 

Letoessarsaure. greatly 


tte a MaiwrM Mum 
the ChapNrf , J^??L Pa,rac - Brid In 

TOSS?aS SSJ&ZZI*!** 4ft 

a^ SaHwf® 0,1 

O* 1301 Aprfl. ,% i nf fiminn 



aillunaday 3dft ABB. ttSSSS 


George Eliot 

She certainly took more 
seriously than Sartre some of 
the ideas they shared. A streak 
of Voltairean impishness in 
Sartre prompted him to pro- 
claim himself a Marxist, for 
example, without the least 
wifiingpess to submit to any 
antfiority, even that of Mara 

Simo ne de Beauvoir made 
more earnest efforts to be a 
good'MarxisL Her most con- 
spicuous endeavour was to 
work out a Marxist theory of 
womeifs fifaeratioo, and she 
undoubtedly sncceedcri in giv- 
ing feminism a new look. This 
was a field is which fee 
reached her widest public. 

Her long study of the pre- 
dicament of v women, Le 
Dewdeme Sexe, came out as 
early as 2949, rad although its 
impact was not nrimediale, it 

Xfi ff mnrh f^ mhm ieripnMtiJ 

<* : 

-■ * 




-T."' Ul 


i Xf- ■ 




i "Hi; 
£?*"* * ■ 
i * 





< i'ti 


1 u 

. ■* ? 
i i ! 

lip, ====== 

* vt Television 

of the 

n ight typ academics coo- 
■raea with the study of 
lunal behaviour delivered 
; bistrated lectures which 
reinforced one's prior 
mceptioa of the universities 
$ havens for the unworldly. 
On Horizon (BBC2) the 
Oxford zodogist Birfim d 
1 •awfeins registered rffamny 
his book TbeSe&sb Gene 
ad been seized on by right- 
tn^ “thinkers” to ju stify 
«r own unbridled cut-throat 
■ .y Knatio ns. To redress the 
^h*re, he now proposed a 
wdd of h uman relations, 
reathOy entitled Nice Guys 
nisk First , which combines 
om petition with co-operation 
.. d the benefit of the individnal 
od the species both. 

. Having duly wheeled for- 
*|aid examples of reciprocal 

. I truism in nature — 

rooming one another, a water 
mffalo having its nostrils de- 
**gged by a considerate bird — 
k Dawkins extrapolated his 
heme into the richly comic 
>eM of “games theory” by 
ietttng up a simple experiment 
therein pahs of sixtlHtraas 
flayed a version of Prisoner^ 
PUemma. Not nupiisto gly, it 
vas discovered that the snb- 
*cts would co-operate to the 
either/or option only if each 
trusted the other to do the 
same, an outcome also rein- 
forced by the results of a 

to America. 

Why anyone should need to 
conduct such experiments to 
order to arrive at condusians 
which the averagely toteffigeat 
‘ viewer could furnish from his 
or her own experience of Iffe is 
a mystery quite as baffling as 
the “riddle of human COD’ 
sdousness” that exercised 
Nicholas Humphrey to the 
second part of his Inter Eye 
series on Channel 4, Natural 

Addressing hims elf to the 
quantum leap to evolution 
which equipped man with a 
modern brain. Dr Humphrey 
took as to meet (in descending 
order of appeal) some delight- 
fully cuddiesome gorillas to 
Rwanda, some rather sullen* 
tootdufi bnshmea in the^ Kala- 
hari Desert and a taxi-driver 
in London. The thesis on offer 
here seemed to be that hu m a ns 
evolved a faculty of social 
intelligence the betterte devel- 
op human society — an argu- 
ment which few mm-gorillas 
amongst us would care to 
dispute. The programme set a 
new UK record for the use of 
filler shots (people at Heath- 
row, people on the street 
people are everywhere, it 
seems) and one found oneself 
looking forward with unusu a l 
keenness to the c omm e r c ia l 

Martin Cropper 


What on earth is it all about? 

Falls the Shadow 

The Hayward (almost) Annual is a 
carious institution. No one seems 
to know from one year to the next 
what it is for, what it is about or 
whether to foot it will even take 
place; This year's, mysteriously 
entitled Falls the Shadow (until 
June IS) is no .exception: indeed, 
Joanna Drew mid Susan Ferieger 
Blades, in their forew or d to the 
preface to the catalogue, rather 
smisteriy thank the show’s “dev- 
eloped , Barry Barker and Jon 
Thompson, for their sterling work 
in a very short space of time. This 
maybe explains a number of obscu- 
rities about the show which are 
otherwise unfathomable. 

For example, what on earth the 
show is meant to be about The 
more successful Hayward Annuals 
in the past have quite dearly 
articulated their subject and intent 
from the walls. Last year's was 
about the taste of one man, Nigel 
Greenwood, and, whether one 
shared that taste or not it made 
complete sense in those terms. The 
memorable 1980 show, selected by 
John Hoyland, was about a certain 
kind of continuity in British art 
linking painters of the Thirties and 
the Firaes with onr own contempo- 
raries in a dearty demonstrated 
common concent with the land- 
scape bases of abstraction. So 

much one could glean without even 
glancing at the catalogue.. But the 
present show firmly resists such 

It indudes, as well as a prepon- 

derance of work done in the last 
year or two. a selection of works by 
five artists no longer alive: 
Bom berg, Broodthaexs, Fontana, 
Yves Klein and Manzoni. A mot- 
ley crew, admittedly; but. since 
they include accredited fathers of 
conceptual and minimal art. we 
might guess that some sort of 
historical continuity was being 
suggested, along with an assertion 
that these two favoured forms of 
the Seventies are still alive and 
welL But no: on the contrary, the 
organizers tell us that the title of the 
show comes from a poem by 
T-SJEliot which touches on his 
of historidsm, and that 
they have no desire whatever to 
demonstrate historical processes at 
work in modern art Rather, they 
glory in pluralism, and any past 
masters they may have introduced 
are brought in just because they 
h'fo- them 

All the same, there is a curious 
touch of nostalgia about a lot of the 
up-to-the-minute work they do 
include. It is somehow rather 
surprising to find that people are 
still making artworks like those of 
Lfli Dujourie, who drapes fabrics 
in fanciful store-window shapes, 
too serious-seeming to be taken as 
just camply decorative, or Tnthar 
Baumgarten, who scatters elegantly 
type-set words over immacul at e l y 
pruned photographs of exotic 

Perhaps we are surprised only 
because these particular European 
artists are not very well known in 
Britain: after afl, we are not so 
surprised that Richard Long con- 
tinues to mafa ; verbal “sc u lpt u re s” 
and throw muddy water at walls, 

since we know that that is more or 
less what he has always done, and 
the same goes for a minimal artist 
like Alan Charlton (he of the grey- 
strip installations) or Bob Law, 
who continues to make his quirky 
little sculptures, half humanoid, 
half architectural. We do not 
reproach artists we know for being 
consistent with themselves, even if 
the remit is be ginning to look 
decidedly dated. But with someone 
new the effect is not so easy to 

As the inclusion of Bomberg 
among the illustrious dead perhaps 
suggests. Barker and Thompson 
are not totally dedicated to the sort 
of art which was avant-garde ten 
years ago, though the first two 
sections make us wonder. They 
also include some of the newly 
modish, as well as a couple of 
interim figures from the “Zeit- 
geist” generation, such as Baselitz 
and Lnpertz. (Baselitz’s newest 
paintings, by the way, have got so 
abstracted that it is ceasing to 
F iji w &r whether or not he paints 
them upside down — a sensible way 
of dropping a gimmick which has 
served its turn.) 

Garouste has succeeded 
nioosly in keeping one foot in 
Neo-Expressionist camp while 

planting the other daintily among 
preoccupations of 
his showing here 

the frivolous 
Pittura colicc 
confirms that, whether one pays 
more attention to the palpable 
intensity ofhis utterance or the Old 
Master echoes to his style, he seems 
to a have a strong, consistent and 
instantly recognizable way with 
paint, and looks substantial More 

so, certainly, than Stephen McKen- 
na, who shares some of the same 

For a show which uses the whole, 
considerable space of the Hayward, 
including two sculpture roof spaces 
(one with an architectural brick 
piece by Per Kirkeby which will 
come as a surprise to those who 
know him by bis paintings, the 
other with a jolly installation by 
Giuseppe Penone), Falls the Shad- 
ow feels surprisingly thin. It must 
be admitted that finally h is on the 
whole the oldest pieces which 
emerge as most memorable, and in 
that historical interest, though 
anathema to the organizers, plays a 
considerable part — for it is. after 
all quite interesting how to see the 
early conceptual/minimal works of 
Piero Manzoni and consider what 
they have led to to the last nearly 
30 years. 

Of the current figures, Penone 
perhaps presents the most enjoy- 
able and provocative new way of 
looking at things - not least 
because be has a beguiling sense of 
humour, robust rather than camp, 
as in the curious creature made 
largely out of found objects and 
cast in bronze which he calls 
Frocedere in verticals or the terra- 
cotta construction called Breath, 
which to a British eye looks 
disturbingly like Tenniel’s Cater- 
pillar out of Alice. Otherwise, 
practically everybody seems des- 
perately humourless, and sadly 
lacking in anything much to say 
with aU their solemnity. And what 
does it all mean? Your guess is as 
good as mine. 

John Russell Taylor 

. _V~- • , •«. . ■ 

Disturbing reminder of TennieTs Caterpillar oat at Alice? — Breath 
by Giuseppe Penone, whose robust sense of faumour presorts the 
most enjoyable and provocative new way of looking at things 

David Robinson 
recalls the golden 
age of the early 
French cinema, 
currently being 
celebrated in 
showings of 
refurbished prints 
at the National 
Film Theatre 

than any 

Neo-smeafist extravagance 

vertical monopolies that em- 
braced manufacture of raw 
materials, production of films, 
distribution and exhibition. 
At the same time they expand- 
ed horizontally to establish 
in every country 

able entrepreneurs, Charles 
Pstfag and Leon Gaumont 
Their great business empires 
were the first examples of 




At The Restaurant, 
we take pride in our 
readiness to adapt. 

Come at stx-fifieen, 
before the theatre. 

Have, save a glass of 
wine and a sforfec to slay 
you through the Drama, 
it makes the entertainment 
oil the mare entertaining. 

After the final curtain— what a 
comfort its only a cab-ride back from the 
West End. Dinner or supper at The Restaurant 
will complete the evening, 
it helps tf you can book. 

In tiie first decade of the 
century, when Hollywood was 
still a paradise of orange- 
groves where no actor had yet 
set patent-leather foot, the 
film capital of the world was 

This was largely the ‘ wereshown. Like 
achievement of two remark- Hollywood much later, the 

power of their organization 
and the quality of their prod- 
uct ensured French films 
world domination. 

In half a dozen remarkable 
p n g rp niiwK this month the 
National Film Theatre is 
showing examples of the work 
of this era, much of it unseen 
for eighty years. Some of the 
films have been newly printed 
from original negatives still 
held by Patbe and Gaumont 
Thus, instead of the vague, 
grey, scratched images usually 
associated with ancient films, 
we can see bright, sharp 
pictures that reveal the pio- 
neer cameramen as the equal 
of any who came after. 

From the start comedy was 
the surest and most universal 
attraction. In 1 906 Pathe hired 
a music-hall down, Andrt 
Deed, and launched. him in 
the character of “Boireau” as 
the world’s first comic star. 
Deed was engaging, tiny, imp- 
ish and frenetic. He is given to 
addressing the audience (in 
mime), explaining his inten- 
tions, which are usually single- 
minded idiocy. His comedy 
depends on a style of exaggera- 
tion which derives from much 
older pantomime traditions. 

In the wake of Deed’s 
triumphs, the film companies 
competed to recruit artists 
from circus and music hall, 
and comic stars proliferated. 
Fathd established a comedy 
studio to Nice; and some of 
the films in the NFT season 
afford evocative glimpses of 
the eariy-century Cdte d'Azur. 

At Gaumont, where the 
princip a l contic stars were the 
simpleton “Onetime” (Ernest 
Bourbon) and the chubby and 
distressed bourgeois “L6once” 


The hospHaBy people of yrp|i 

(Lfonce Penet% comedy as- 
pired to neo-surrealist extrav- 
agance and a prodigal use of 
camera tricks. A runaway 
perambulator wOl cross the 
entire country and sail away to 
land on a desert island. Cam- 
els and horses disrupt the 
over-stuffed serenity of ele- 
gant salons. 

Onisime Horloger is said to 
have inspired Rene Clair’s 
Paris qui dort. The hero 
tampers with the official chro- 
nometers in order to hasten 
the years be must wait for a 
legacy. In consequence the life 
of aU belle-ipoque Paris is 
hectically accelerated; a young 
couple many and instantly 
bear a child, which as rapidly 
grows to manhood before our 

The climactic chase was 
obligatory; and already to 
1910 all the elements that we 
still know today are evident 
the runaway bike or car or 
hone or preice posse always 
knocks down the same vegeta- 
ble stalls, glaziers, men on 
ladders and angry, gesticulat- 
ing old ladies. 

These early forces owe 
much to children’s comics; 
and it is not accidental that 
they so often concern the 
activities of naughty boys. 
Deed frequently adopted the 
costume and character of a 
child; and two Gaumont star 
comedians, “Bfebe” and 
“Bout-de-Zan”, were genuine 
infan ts. Two “Bebfe” comedies 
in the NFT programme reveal 
real charm and skill to this 
four-year-old monster. 

All other comic stars were 
eclipsed after 1908, however, 
when Deed defected to the 
Italian studios and was re- 
placed at Path* by Max 
Under. As prolific as he was 
inventive, Linder brought new 
style and subtlety to comedy. 
Where his predecessors had 
relied on their ludicrous ap- 
pearances, Linder’s comedy 
derived from the contrast 
between his personal elegance 

and the absurd catastrophes 
that befell him. Chaplin, in a 
rare moment of modesty, 
acknowledged Linder as “The 

Gaumont’s production 
chief was Louis Feuillade, 
later to achieve lasting tome as 
the master of the mystery 
thriller, with Famomas, Judex 
and Les Vampires. A pro- 
gramme of short melodramas 
directed to 1912-13 already 
reveals Fcuillade’s mastery of 
narrative and suspense, and 
the restrained, naturalistic act- 
ing to bis films. 

Le Coeur et iargent, the 
tragedy of a girl pushed into a 
loveless match, is remarkable 
for its spectacular location 
shooting. Erreitr tragique is a 
study of obsessive jealousy. 
L’Oublieae combines two 
favourite Feuillade motifs, 
mysterious underground pas- 
sages and an eagle-eyed detec- 
tive world. 

Only months later, the First 
World War was to bring to an 
end the supremacy of the 
French film. The great em- 
pires crumbled, and their 
works were consigned to the 
scrap-heaps of film history. 
The future lay with the New 




Festival Hall 

It has not been the luckiest of 
years for the London Philhar- 
monic Orchestra. Their prin- 
cipal conductor Klaus Tenn- 
stedt’s illness cast a gloom in 
mid-season, and their princi- 
pal guest conductor Jesus 
LOpez-Cobos’s continued ab- 
sence has made things exceed- 
ingly awkward recently. 
Meanwhile, temporary hands 
on the LPO rudder have 
sometimes steered erratically. 
But Sunday’s stand-in, a 26- 
year-old Austrian called Franz 
Welser-Most, who was mak- 
ing his British debut, im- 
pressed me from the start 

In an all-Mozart pro- 
gramme (apart from Suss- 
mayer’s much-debated con- 
tribution to the Requiem, here 
unfashionably presented in 
foil) Welser-Mdst seemed to 
know exactly what he wanted, 
and bow to convey it with a 
clear, sometimes very expres- 
sive beat One cannot ask for 
more than that from a young 
conductor on a big occasion. 
Next season he becomes 
Abbado’s assistant at the Vi- 
enna Opera. 

Admittedly, his task here 
was lightened by the London 
Philharmonic Choir’s superb- 
ly drilled, incisive and full- 
voiced singing to the Requ- 
iem. Their clarity and co- 
hesion to tbc fugues, the finely 
graded crescendo in “Lac- 
rim osa”, the sopranos’ care- 
fully maintained tuning in the 
high-lying sotto voce of 
“Confutatis”, the glorious 
blaze of “Sanctus”: all this 
attested to the choirmaster 
Richard Cooke's diligence. 

The orchestra, too. played 
with a healthy mixture of 
vigour and stylishness, with 
particularly effective contri- 
butions from the basset boms 
and, in “Tuba rairum”, an 
unusually mellifluous trom- 
bone. And, although the solo- 
ists (Felicity Lott, Linda 

Finnie, Anthony Rolfe John- 
son and David Wilson-John- 
son) rarely blended satis- 
factorily as a quartet, indi- 
vidually they sang with 

Occasionally one felt that 
phrases could have unfolded 
with more feeling had a slower 
tempo been adopted; the 
“Benedictus” was such an 
instance. But Welser-Most's 
control of a beguiling rallen- 
tando in “Rex tremendae” 
had a touch of class. 

That be favours rather a 
weighty Mozart sound was 
shown earlier by a particularly 
solid account of the “Hafiher” 
Symphony, with beefy string 
textures and extrovert timpani 
rolls. Equally obvious, howev- 
er, was a concern for rhythmic 
tautness that formed an ideal 

Between these two works 
came Felicity Lott's entirely 
pleasurable singing of Exsul- 
tate, Jubilate For once its 
peak came not on die penulti- 
mate note of the “Alleluia" 
but earlier, at the slow 
movement’s final cadence, 
where the soprano conjured a 
pianissimo top note of magi- 
cal purity. 

Richard Morrison 


Festival Hall 

The Royal Philharmonic Or- 
chestra seemed thoroughly to 
enjoy this Sunday evening 
programme of unabashed 
showpieces and so, to be 
honest, did L even if one's 
professional interests general- 
ly dissuade approval of such 
an assembly of easy winners. 
It always helps, of course, 
when the players perform as if 
they are genuinely involved; 
and here there was scarcely 
any need for the conductor, 
Walter Weller, to cue in every 
important entry. He duly did 
not. although be evidently bad 
matters of tempo firmly under 

Such an ability is vital in a 
piece like Prokofiev’s “Gas- 

si cal" Symphony if its ele- 
gance as well as its moments 
of extrovert panache are to be 
adequately conveyed. Here 
virtually the only moment of 
disquiet came in the first 
movement, when the violins 
obviously found some of those 
infamous octave drops decid- 
edly tricky to negotiate with- 
out a trace of scratchiness. 
Otherwise the work found 
everybody to top form, with 
some particularly finely point- 
ed woodwind contributions, a 
nicely heavy Gavotte, and a 
real whirlwind of a finale. 

It was a neat idea to balance 
die wit of Prokofiev with the 
pictorial somewhat blacker 
humour of Dukas’s The 
Sorcerer’s Apprentice at the 
beginning of the second half, 
although it was no surprise 
that such a well-known piece, 
however well done, should 
offer no surprises. 

Respighi's Suite The Pines 
of Rome would mate equally 
good film muse, of course. 
Few of this composer’s col- 
leagues could obtain the glit- 
tering effect of the nisi 
movement, a helter-skelter de- 
piction of children playing war 
games in the gardens of the 
Villa Borghese. On the other 
hand, hopefully few of them 
would be as ready as he to 
resort to the kitsch expediency 
of using a recording of a real 
nightingale at the end of the 
otherwise eloquent third 
movement, “The Pines of 

The playing of this work 
was quite splendid, with be- 
giiilin gly bluesy contributions 
from the offstage trumpet in 
“The Pines near a Catacomb” 
and the solo clarinet to the 
third movement, and a mighty 
finale in which the orchestra 
even drowned the full organ. 

More subtlety was required 
for Jon Kimura Parker’s read- 
ing of Liszt's First Piano 
Concerto, for this is a pianist 
who, however extrovertly vir- 
tuosic the music he plays may 
be, seems always to exercise a 
keen sense of tonal variation, 
and to play with a cleanness 
that is quite exquisite. 

Stephen Pettitt 



‘Honest, expert, touching — a nd W ONDERFULLY 
FUNNY... Frances de la Ibiir, 

“Neil Simonas subtle, fanny & co n siste nt ly touching 
comedy ...I wonld happily see it again,” ^ 


Box Office &. 
Credit Cards 
01-928 2252 

Standby: •'iny tmr.c.a 
!,*ats -if low pric**:- iron: 
Z hoars 


A selection from onr 20 sales in London this week. 

Valuable Travel and Natural History Books, Atlases 
and Architecture: Wednesday 16 April and Thursday 
17 April at II aon. each day, King Street: An exciting sale 
including a first edition of the most renowned and 
reproduced of all flower books - Pierre Joseph Redoure and 
Claude Antoine Thoryfc Les Roses. Apart from botanical 
books, also included are a wide range of ornithological 
works, travel books and works of Australian and New 
Zealander interest. 

Fine Eastern Textiles, Rugs and Carpets: Thursday, 

17 April at 2.30 pan., King Street: This promises to be one of 
the best sales of rugs to have been mounted at King Street in 
recent years. Prices range from £200 for an antique part 
cotton Turkoman embroidered juval to £25,000 for an 
Isfahan court prayer rug. 

Claret and Fine Wines: Thursday 17 April at 230 pan., 
King Street: An unusual break from the established trend, 
combining two styles of sale into one. Hence it provides an 
outstanding selection for buyers of blaret', both young and 
mature, as well as the traditional components of a Fine 
Wine sale - Vintage Port 1884-1977, Red and the 
increasingly popular White Burgundies; Rhone, Germany, 
Champagne and Cognac. 

Decorative Arts from 1880 to the Present Day: Friday 
18 April at 1030 aon., King Stxeee: A piece of early 
enamelled GaUe daring from the 1870s, a vase modelled as 
a Fu Dog, to a laminated bentwood chair by the Italian 
designer of the 1950s, Carlo Mollini, illustrates tbc wide 
field of design in the Spring sale of 20th Century Decorative 

Important English Pictures: Friday 18 April at 11 a.m.. 
King Street: A group portrait of the Impey family by Johann 
Zoffany highlights this sale. A strong section of sportin g ' 

South Kensington: Mondays 9 m-7 pan. 

Tuesday to Friday 9 aan.-4.45 pan. 

Enquiries: (01) 581 7611 

Christi e's have 25 offices throughout the UK. If you would tike to know the name of your nearest representative please 
telephone Caroline Ikeffgame on (01) 588 4424. 


imh v 






















1 to 























pictures includes two works by ]F. Herring Sol \falture, a 
bay racehorse with jockey up and Satirist beating 

Fine and Early Chinese Ceramics, Jades and Works of 
Art: Monday 21 April at 11 aon. and 2.30 p.m.. King Street: 
A sale strong in early ceramics and later works of an with 
an interesting selection of iades from the Trustees of the 
Harewood Charitable Trust. 

The Goodacre Collection of Byzantine Coins: 

Thesday 22 April at 10 aon., King Street: This sale, 
consisting of some 370 lots, spans the whole Byzantine 
period from Arcadius J AJD. 383 - 4081 to John V (A.D. 

1354- 1391) and also includes a selection of coins of the 

Ancient, English and Foreign Coins and B ankn otes: 
Thegday 22 April at 2 pan.. King Street: Included are three 
very rare gold Mohurs of the Mu gal empire, a South African 
Proof Half-Pound, 1892 and a gold seige-piece, 1645, of 
Penambuco. Among a sizeable selection of banknotes are 
eight unique Australian Commonwealth notes originally 
presented to Edward VIU. 

Old Master; Modem and Contemporary Prints: 
Thesday 22 April and Wednesday 23 April at 11 a.m. and 
230 pan. each day. King Street: The 726 lots in this two-day 
sale present the collector of fine prints with excellent 
opportunities to acquire reasonably priced prints [estimates 
range from £60 to £6,000] by major artists including Diirer, 
Rembrandt, Chagall, Picasso, Palmer, Wadsworth, Hockney, 
Johns and Moore. 

Viewing: King Street: Weekdays 9 a. m. -4.45 pan. 

Enquiries: jOl) 839 9060 

— 2SL 


ai : 
of C 










of fc 

Mr J 

and 1 


be tw 











Sir 1 




Mr 1 






ter c 


Mr < 

















the ! 











of ) 


























An t 





A &. 




of i 








High society designer for royal wedding dress 

?. v- . 

» . f 

. A 

; Y <«■',' / ...j 

■y *’ .V 

■. ■ <*'“■ ^ *»'*<■ —■ •tr*t. ,, v^ 

J - 

't'Tr-fr •:• 

wESBBSBBKSSBmtoiMmii f ' " t! 

Miss Cierach s wedding dress creations, worn by the brides, from left to right, Mrs Michael KnatchbnU, Mrs Thomas BrodeaeU and Mrs William Kerr 

By Robin Yonng 
Yesterday's news that Miss 
Sarah Ferguson's wedding 
dress for ber marriage to 
Prince .Andrew is to be de- 
signed by Lindka Cierach 
came as confirmation of sever- 
al weeks' gossip among the 
Sloane Ranger set 
Miss Cierach may not be a 
household name, but she has 
been a hot favourite with a 
select and discriminating cli- 
entele since setting up ber own 
business in ber terrace house 
in Fulham, south London. The 
salon is hidden away upstairs 
in the attic, and her dresses 
are priced from about £2,000. 

Bom in Africa but educated 
in England. Miss Cierach is 
the daughter of a Polish war 
hero, Mr Edek Cierach. who 
was yesterday delighted to 
confirm over bis daughter's 
intercom that she would in- 
deed be making the royal 
wedding dress. 

“Fergie has been here to the 
house", he said, "bat I do not 
think sbe has had a fitting yet 
Lindka has designed already 
for Fergie's friends, but I do 
not think until now Fergie 
could afford her dresses." 

Miss Cierach was indeed 
nominated “hottest society 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

Princess Anne opens Orfonj 
House. Uglcy. nr Bishops 
Siortford, 10. 1 5: and later opens 
ihe Family Finding Centre, 
Hertford. 2.25. 

The Duke of Gloucester visits 
The Queen's Hunting Lodge. 
Epping Forest. 10.15: and later 
attends a reception at the Army 
and Navy Club. Pall Mall. SW I . 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
opens the 24th British Congress 
of Ohstetics and Gy naecology, 
Si David's Hall. Cardiff. 5.45. 

dressmaker of the year" in 
Totter magazine, and has built 
op a reputation for sumptuous- 
ly decorated dresses for wed- 
dings and other special events, 
using lots of sequins, pearls, 
beads and embroidery to real- 
ize her dienes' most romantic 

Insiders got the tip that sbe 
would land the wedding com- 
mission of the year when they 
heard that she had been 
chosen to design the wedding 
dress for Miss Fergnson's 
former flat-mate. Miss Caro- 
lyn Beckwith-Smith. who Is 
a Iso to marry in July. 

Miss Cierachsperializes in 
allowing her customers a key 
part in designing their own 
dresses. Charlotte Monckton, 
reputedly the wealthiest heir- 
ess in Britain, ordered an 18ft 
train and Lady Rose Cecil 
chose a trimmmmg of white 
mink, while for Pandora Ste- 
vens. Mr Jocelyn Stevens's 
daughter, the designer 
achieved the look she desired 
of a fairy-tale princess. 

Ail the brides Miss Cierach 
dresses speak of the confi- 
dence that they felt in their 
wedding dresses. Diana 
Traffbrd. now Viscountess 
Melguod, said: "The detail on 

New exhibitions 
Beyond the Shore: photo- 
graphs of underwater life in a 
Cornish estuary: Natural His- 
tory Museum. Cromwell Road. 
SW7; Mon to Sat ] 0.30 to 6. Sun 
130 to 6 (ends May 9). 

British Colour Woodcut 
1895-40: Alpine Cub Gallery. 
74 South Audley St, W | ; Mon to 
Fri 10 to 5. Sat 10 to 1 (ends 
April 26). 

Recent work by Albert Irvin; 
G impel Fils. 30 Davies St. Wl; 
Mon to Fri 9.30 lo 5.30. Sat 10 
to I (ends May 10). 

British and Spanish armies in 
the Peninsular War: National 
Army Museum, Royal Hospital 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,020 

This puzzle was sohed within 30 minutes by 16 per cent of the 
competitors in the 1986 Glasgow regional final of the Collins 
Dictionaries Times Crossword Championship. 


1 Be in time for a round (5). 

4 A signal to members longing 
for home (9). 

9 Infantry weapon for giving 
support (9). 

10 Stop American carnivore 
outside pound i5). 

11 Grant immunity to former 
redcap appearing in film (6). 

}2 Gigantic as Caesar bestrid- 
ing the narrow world? (8). 

14 Patrol guarding spot for a 
dip (101. 

16 Fish, possibly, for evidence 

19 Projection may be a bit of a 
bore, wc hear (4). 

20 Luminaries of the acting 
profession 0 (101 

22 Abbreviated clothes not ex- 
tremely obvious (St. 

■23 Boy sailor carries a big 
trunk in Africa (6). 

26 Pandarus takes the King in- 
side to titivate (5). 

27 A blemish in the sailor king, 
never to be found at the port 

28 Cook nearby with (he hard 
biscuit (9). 

29 Polish producer engineers 
return to Yugoslavian cap- 
ital (5). 


1 Not on. in church, to drink 
up its contents (6.3). 

2 Sort of square aperture m 
the gunwale? (5) 

3 Prophet detailed to whistle 
for a water-carrier (4-4). 


4 An element of the new age 

(4) . 

5 Graphic representation of 
hotel suite < 10). 

6 Its security is guaranteed by 
a fluke (6). 

7 'Bull's-eye' Birkenhead, 
master craftsman (9). 

8 Cancel article removed from 
almanac (5). 

13 Decree lo restrain noble- 
man. an administrator of fi- 
nance (10). 

15 Ready to pay (his for poor 
chap's pudding? (4.5) 

17 Fruit producer's blunder in 
Parliamentary victory (9). 

18 Bottomless depravity leads 
to a storm in the benefice 

21 Make a hole m someone s 
capital (6). 

22 Star secures first-class mark 

(5) . 

24 Put up writer, say. up for a 
spree (5). 

25 Greyish, because extremely 
hazy (4). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17.019 

Miss Cierach. the designer for Miss Fei^nson’s dress 
my dress was wonderful. Tiny redirected to the London Col- 

seed pearls and and intricate 
embroidery bought the fabric 
to life". 

Miss Cierach started work 
as a secretary on Vogue maga- 
zine, but her boss there soon 
noticed that she was consider- 
ably better at home dress- 
making than she was at taking 
dictation and filing. 

So eight years ago she was 

lege of Fashion, where she 
took a two-year course in 
clothing technology. She won 
her diploma with credit 
Miss Cierach is not a high 
fashion designer, but rather a 
creator of highly desirable 
dresses. Her elegant special 
occasion dresses and suits 
show a vivid colour sense, 
partly reflecting the influence 
of Africa. 

The Fulham boose where Miss Cierach has her salon 


Rd, SW* today 2.30 to 5.30. 
Mon to Sat 10 to 5.30, Sun 2 to 
5.30. (ends July 31). 

Domesday 900; Stafford Art 
Gallery. The Green: Tues to Fri 
10 to 5, Sat 10 to 4 (ends May 
10 ). 

Exhibition m progress 

Ceramics by Ben Arnup and 
glass by Tessa Clegg: Coper- 
nican Connection. Lock House. 
Beverley. East Yorics: Wed to 
Mon 10.30 to 6 (ends May 12). 


Piano rccilal by Raymond 
Clarke: British Music Informa- 
tion Centre. 10 Stratford Place. 
Wl. 7. 

Concert by the Cornel Music 
Group; Southwark Cathedral. 
SE1. 1.10. 

Concert by the City of Bir- 
mingham Symphony Orchestra 
and Chorus; Birmingham Town 
Hall. 7.30. 

Concert by the Northern 
Sinfonia and Baradley Creswick 
and Vladimir Spivakov (vi- 
olins): Spa Grand Hall. Scar- 
borough, 7.30. 

Nature notes 

An army of migrant birds has 
been halted in France and 
Spain, wailing for the northern 
winds 10 drop before they flock 
into Britain. A few hardy willow 
warblers and swallows have 
already arrived. Little ringed 
plovers have also come in. from 
the Mediterranean: many of 
these small, neat waders, with a 
piping call, will nest on sandy 
islands in deserted gravel pits. 

Most resident birds are court- 
ing. Male luffed ducks swim 
close to the brown females, 
giving soft, lilting whistles only 
heard at this time of the year, 
their black crests stand out from 
the back of their heads like 
pigtails. Great crested grebes 
approach each other with a call 
like rattling pebbles: they shake 
their heads, and the orange ruffs 
tremble on their long white 
necks. Cormorants (hat spent 
the winter inland have mostly 
gone back to the coast: black- 
headed gulls are returning in 
large formations to eastern 

Colt’s foot flowers are looking 

rusty: in this species, the leaves 
only appear after the flowers 
have died, but then they grow 
very large- Bluebell leaves are up 
in thick bunches: sallows arc 
bright with yellow catkins. 



London and South-east: A 13: 
Contra How between Masateid Gardens 
and Goose.' sy Law. Barking: two lanes 
westbound {6 am to 5.30 am); two lanes 
sasflxjund ^30 pm Ip 7.30 Jim) M2S: 

Contraflow between Huron 


ugh Green. Kent; signed ©versions. 

The Midlands Mfc Contraflow on 

HfKftOn 18 (Chofleywood). (Ways A2S 

Roadtffbrfvs and rec o n s truction at Bor- 


northbound camageway between i 
t5(Snj*s on T>gm} and juiwaon IB /SloJ>8 
North). southbound entry sap toed dosed 
at idoaion ie Mi: T*re taw contraflow 
between junction 16 (Northampton) and 

wncDon InfDmentrWnaarRodtet 
services: delays. MS Contraflow between 
junction 5 (ProBwidtJ and pmcnon 4 
(BremsgroveL N and southbart emty 
stos roads dosed at pmeson 5. 

Wales and West MS: Hard shoulder 
and two fanes dosed noRKreund at 
pmcttm 25 frauraonf. entry sip rad 
dosed: lane closures southbound be- 
tween junction 25 ano 26 (WeftnccnVano 
between ninctmn 26 ana 27 (Tiverton). 
A3& Temporary Tra the 
BotSnm. one fang dosed 
and 8 pm ro 8 pint 
The Manic Ai (Mg Contraflow at Barton 
ffnareftange. SW at Dartmqton. A4ft 
Reconstruction of Taroortey bypass 
Scotland: Edinburgh; Rose S» row 
Bede s m a n pracmCL M8; Tro way trattc 
M3lbGundatfuncMfl5(Shcfrsf. *4 Lane 
dosures at Graontoanmq. Pedhshse 

Times Portfolio rules are as 

1 Times Portfolio is free. 
Purchase ofThe Times is not a 
condition of taking part. 

2 Times Portfolio list com- 
prises a group of public com- 
panies whose shares are listed 
on the Stock Exchange and 
quoted in The Times Stock 
Exchange prices page. The 
companies comprising that 
list will change from day to 
day. The list (which is num- 
bered I — 44) is divided into 
four randomly distributed 
groups of II shares. Every 
Portfolio card conlains rwo 
numbers from each group and 
each card contains a unique 
set of numbers. 

3 The Times Portfolio Gold 
'dividend' will be the figure in 
pence which represents the 
optimum movement in prices 
(i.e. the largest increase or 
lowest loss) of a combination 
of eight (two from each ran- 
domly distributed group with- 
in the 44 shares) of the 44 
shares which on any one day 
comprise The Times Portfolio 

4 The daily dividend will be 
announced each day and the 
weekly dividend will be an- 
nounced each Saturday in The 

5 Times Portfolio list and 
details of the daily or weekly- 
dividend will also be available 
for inspection at the offices of 
The Times. 

6 If the overall price move- 
ment of more than one combi- 
nation of shares equals the 
dividend, the prize will be 
equally divided among the 
claimants holding ihose com- 
binations of shares. 

7 All claims are subject to 
scrutiny before payment. Any 
Times Portfolio card that is 
defaced, tampered with or 
incorrectly primed in any way 
will be declared void. 

£ Employees of News Inter- 
national pic and its subsidiar- 
ies and of Europrim Group 
Limited (producers and dis- 
tributors of the card) or mem- 
bers of their immediate 
families are not allowed to 
play Times Portfolio. 

9 All participants will be 
subject to these Rules. All 
instructions on "how' to play" 
and "how to claim" whether 
published in The Times or in 
Times Portfolio cards will be 
deemed to be part of these 
Rules. The Editor reserves the 
right to amend the Rules. 

10 In any dispute. The 
Editor's decision is final and 

no correspondence will be 
entered into. 

U If for any reason The 
Times Prices Page is not 
published in the normal way 
Times Portfolio will be sus- 
pended for that day. 

How to play— Dally 


On each day your unique set 
of eight numbers will repre- 
sent commercial and industri- 
al .shares published in The 
Times Portfolio list which wifl 
appear on the Slock Exchange 
Prices page. 

In tbe columns provided 
next to your shares note the 
price change (+ or -), in pence, 
as published in that day's 

After listing the price 
changes of your eight shares 
for that day, add up all eight 
share changes to give you your 
overall total plus or minus {+ 
or -). 

Check your overall total 
against The Times Portfolio 
dividend published on tbe 
Stock Exchange Prices page. 

If your overall total matches 
The Times Portfolio dividend 
you have won outright or a 
share of the total prize money 
slated for that day and must 
claim your prize as instructed 

How to play — Weekly 

Monday-Saturday record your 
daily Portfolio total. 

Add these together to deter- 
mine your weekly Portfolio 

If your total matches the 
published weekly dividend 
figure you have won outright 
or a share of the prize money 
stated for that week, and must 
claim your prize as instructed 

How to claim 

Telephone The Times Portfo- 
lio claims line 0254-53272 
between lO-OOam and 3 -30pm, 
on the day your overall total 
matches The Times Portfolio 
Dividend. No claims can be 
accepted outside these hours. 

You must have your card 
with you when you telephone. 

If you are unable to tele- 
phone someone else can claim 
on your behalf but they must 
have your card and call The 
Times Portfolio claims line 
between the stipulated times. 

No responsibility can be 
accepted for failure to contact 
ihe claims office for any 
reason within the stated 

The above instructions are 
applicable to both daily and 
weekly dividend claims. 

ai Easi 
am to 3 3m 

Anniversaries j 

The week's walks 

Births; Sir James Clark Ross, 
polar explorer. London. 1800: 
Benjamin Jowett. classical 
scholar. London. >817: Henry 
James, novelist. New York. 
1&43: Bliss Carman. poeL 

Fredericton. New Brunswick. 1 

Deaths: Mikhail Lomonosov, ' 
wnier. (April 4 old siyfeL St j 
Petersburg (Leningrad), 1765: 1 

radar ta* s & Cm n ■ Lawyers 
London, irnai Bladdnara Lindsmomd. 
11: Victorian London: The City am East 
Eml Haunted, meet Bank Underground. 
2 30. 

Tomorrow: inns ol Court • England's 
legal heritage, meet Chancery Lane 
Unoerground. 11. Legal London - Insate 
the Law Courts, meat HoUxnu Under- 
ground, 2. 

Tfairediy: The London Odors new 
meet Btecaware vmfvvwiA 1 1. nspys 
mo plague and ihe great bra meet 
Musami ol London. 2J& 


depression will be slow 
near S Ireland. A 
showery airstream 
with trooghs wiQ cover the 
British Isles. 

6 am to midnight 

E mat 

se, E, HW, wMW Cnfltai fl. 

Itara DistactSoms «uny or 

ta tour m oro n baconiro 

more frequent far u time, occasional 

heavy and prolonged; vend SE fresto, 

Ctoeenal Mende, Wefam Showers, heavy 

and prolonged at tiraefc some or 

dear Inwnta B wind S to SE fresh. 

occaslonafly strain: mn temp 11C (52F). 

WeofMe n . Hnn he refrel B nrt Shorora, 

Weof Men,l 

heavy and protonged at times tout also 

sunny or dear Mervata wmd E to NE 
fresh or strong: max temp 9C (48F). 

(EEatpmfBofdara, Edwtorcm, ram- 
dee. Aberdeen. Moray Ffett, NE Scot- 
land. Orkney: Mostly cloudy with 
outbreaks of ram and stoat., tafcng as 
snow over Ms with drifting: erind E fresh 

or strong, tocaBy gate foree raxlamp 7C 

"ft NWSeottand, Gla sgow. C entre! 
MgMaads, Arm* Some brighter imer- 
vas. otherwise ckwdy w*h sh ower * or 

longta outbreaks at rain and sleet with 

enow over Mk with drifting; wind E trash 

or strong. kJcaSygste tores; max temp 8C 


Sbettorat Scattered snow showers and 

sunny or ctear intervals; wind E strong. 

tocafly gate force : max wimp SC (4SC}. 

Outlook far tomorrow and Thursday; 

Co ntinuin g unsettled. S h ea re r s or longer 

outbreaks of rain, heavy at times. Rather 
cold. Windy at times. 


7457 pm 

Mem seta Moorv rises: 
2JJ7«B 847 am 
first quarter: April 17 

Lighting-up time 

London 827 pm to &3S am . 

848 pm to 843 am 
649 pm to 8S6 am 

. 8 pm to 838 am 

Penance 846 pm to SS8 am 


Temperatures at mkfttey yesterday: c, 

ctoud; t. fair r, tarns. sin. ^ . 

C F C F 

r 745 Guernsey t 94$ 

r 7*5 taveiMSS r 5*1 

c 848 Jersey 1 9*8 

o 948 London r 948 

Canflft t 948 Wi iL l Ur c 745 

Etfnfcurpb c 745 Mu w ui i t te c 439 

r 541 BUdsroy c 848 

The pound 














































Australia S 
Austria Sea 

Belgium Fr 
Denmark Kr 
France ft 
German* Dm 
Greece br 
tody Lira 
Japan Yen 
N e th e rlands <36 
Nor wa y Hr 
Portugal Esc 
Sooth Africa fid 
Sweden Kr 
SwKzsrisnd Ft 

Yugoslavia Dnr 
Hattol Price fades: 3811 

Lrw deic The FT fade* dosed down 126 
at 13883 

Parliament today 

Camnwos (2 30): Timetable 
motion on Social Sccurrt} Bill 
National Health Service 
( Amendment) Bill, second 

Loros (230): Education Bill, 
committee, second da> 


5? y , °SS» D **o*-«Pnm 

fra* Limit**! of I viruiue ShM 
* a wrowu el 

Letter From Howth 

the Dublin elite 

firmly on 
. albeit in 
Bafiy area 



Desoto ihe damp and driz- from a with 



for tbe start of socially accepabte jade of file 

Hie w ealth y citv to five, the Gumsesstf 
Md^PPCMniddte t classes stuck with §mfly Wfom, 
were keeping to thei r regu lar 
routine, resolutely carrying 
on as normal regardless 
the abduction that has struck 
again al the heart of the 
Republic's commercial lue 

and their community; 

With all toe discretion that 
comes from being part of the 
Republic of Ireland’s mon- 
eyed elite, they remain calm 
in circumstances where many 
could be foigiven for fearing 
for toe future of themselves 
and their families. Like Jen- 
nifer Guinness's immediate 
relations and dose friends, 
they kept their mouths firmly 
shut on toe kidnap and toe 
ripple effects it has bad 
throughout the Irish society. 

Their discretion has always 
been an essential ingredient 
of membership of that elite, 
particularly if it was based on 
“old" family money, careftto 
ly husbanded and 
down through - 
generations, and was 
Protestant money from an 
ascendancy deemed to have 
ended with the foundation of 
an independent Irish state in 
i92z ; 

In an overwhelming mi- 
nority, they either packed up 
and headed north or. crossed 
“the pond", as toe Irish Sea is 
euphemistically called, to 
start afresh in Britain. Those 
who remained settled for the 
quiet life, aware that many 
nationalists suspected their 
loyalty to the fledgling state 
and refrained from entering 
debate on controversial social 
issues. They tended to remain 
apart from the main institu- 
tions of the state — toe army, 
police force, and DaiL There 
is, for instance, only one 
Protestant deputy in the Dafl 
compared with three from the 
Jewish faith. 

John •' and - Jennifer 
Guinness epitomized an old- 
er Anglo-Irish tradition. Both 
followed the wefl-worn path 
of the financially comfortable 
and were largely educa t ed at 
English boarding schools. Af- 
ter Eton, he served' in the 
Royal Navy while Jennifer, 

Howth. _ , ' 

There they bved.iaa.cid- 
de-sac off one of the best 
roads in toe area, a road to 
which many of toe soriaHy 
ambitious aspire arid when? 
modern concrete, and glass 
ranch-style bungalows staid 
adjacent to older more tradi- 
tional homes, dad in ivy. and 
surrounded by landscaped 
gardens and trees • 

Only the presence of a 
policeman guarding the jane 
leading to toe family's home 
and four parked cars- from 
which press photographers 
peered, indicated mat tod 
peaceful rhythm of upper- 
class life had been ruddy aad 
violently shattered. 

While John Guinness 
waited by the tetephoneat Iris 
home, less than a mile away 
his elderly mother. .-footing 
distraught and ‘ distracted, 
kept a lonely vigil is her 
ram Wing house. A fire blazed 
in the hearth and toe table 
was laid for a solitary lunch as' 
she walked slowly to tbe4 

To inquiries about her 
missing daughter-in-law, toe 
old lady, eves reddened 
through lack or deep, replied: 
**I have been told to say 
nothing. Thank you so much 
for coming^*’ 

Though family friends and 
others at risk from abduction 
have refused to comment on 
the kidnap, it has neverthe- 
less sent a shiver of apprehen- 
sion through the boardrooms 
of toe Republic's banks and 
large companies. Bart of the 
country's charm has been its 
informality and a pace of life 
retaining some of the tran- 
quility of an era long since 
gone in toe United Kingdom. 
Slowly this attraction is being 
destroyed and few wflf^be 
p repared to chance keeping 
the "open house" that made 
John and Jennifer Guinness 
so popular. ; : . 

^-.-'•'-'.'RiclaaFd Kord 

\ ..r, 


y . 


/ . 

M. 1 " 

r-.*j ■ 
i‘ ; 

G-* : ' 




London Udg* 805 
- — 828 

b-triue tfey: k4«k sky and donee c* 
cloudy: ihrmobC Moo: mwate-h- 
tetfc nUsHnUt r-rafcn venow: m- 

tfwndersttrrn: P^hcwere. •••■ 

Arrow* show wind dt r^J Mo . wind 
speed franhi dreled. 

hr. pm 

85 819 

a& 6 m 

187 11-23 

an ass 

180 1 T. 0 B 
. AS 9L58 
5.8 3.15 
•-A4 958 
4J 822 

86 4.12 
AS 2-48 
7 A 1812 

‘ *J5 7.16 
81 833 
81 148 

44 4.19 

87 1035 
S£ 829 
81 9.47 
*£ 925 
15 1055 
4.1 3® 
55 823 
.45 82* 
80 1043 

45 830 
87 4.00 


















'Vv ■ 

I •% 111 ! 1 * r*.. 


Around Britain 

Sun Rain 
. tin In 
Scmboeo .08 

BriAngim - 13 
Cramsr 02 10 
Uxtastoft x 
Ctacfan 3.8 17 

soJEtJcoast * 36 

Fofcestoae 34 12 
Kmtfeigs 4 J9 11 
” " 32 15 

4.1 .08 
36 07 

89 .09 
7.5 09 
32 46 
7.4 12 
Sranwm 39 09 
Bo u mwn fl i 4 5 18 
Profe 85 • 11 

Sro nxg e 5-3 11 
Weymouth 42 «j 
Exwoufli 4.6 ;2 
TfligantMlOi. 49 15 

44 06 

32 50 
40 50 
SS 06 
71 15 

13 35 
23 48 

C F 

5 41 did 
S 41 dufl pm 
9 48 cloudy 


SunRain . Max 
tire In D F 
Wra c onfaa - 54 10 SO 

Tandy - 1.1 55 8 46 

Cotwyn Bay 84 49 10 50 

Mmcata - 10 9 46 

OS -13 7 45 








SeMy fates 

10 50 naapra 

9 48 atiwrsn 
10 50 

10 50 

8 48 

g 46 

9 48 
9 48 

■10 50 
IT 52 

9 48 
9 48 

11 52 
10 SO 

10 50 

10 50 

11 52 
10 50 
10 50 
10 60 
.11 52 

12 54 





any am 



s he ro ra 



Oil am 


Buy am 

sunny - 

9 48 Shows 
10.50 ram 

.Undoa 44 16 11 52 

ttbam Ahpt Id 13 11 52 

WsWffW) 22 16 10 SO 

CardHI (PtrQ 3.1 31 » 48 

Antfasw 81 48 10 50 

BYMOlMpt 05 17 9 48 

Manchester 04 02 B 48 

f faWfafl frro 04 08 8 46 

IfcS-fr-Tyas - 05 5 41 

Caritai ; 0.3 18 8 46 


Eefcdate rayir 33 5 41 

PHa a riek . U OS 7 45 

aasgnr 31 6 43 

Turn 20 8 46 

stomroro - 22 25 6 « 

Larwteh 94 5 41 

Wtek 02 5 41 

«Mm» 1 1 01 5 4} 

Aberdeen 20 4 38 

St A n d re ws x - 
Sd ifl b u rgb t 49 . 


- 1 1 'll .9.48 



gs ,pm 


sftoro re 









ram am. 

snow am 
ram . 
ram am 
snow pm 
ran pm 




MDDAY-o doud d.drari8.f tar 

A Jytera 

B ei r u t ■ 






» Afros' 
Cape To 


C F 
s U 37 
r 19 66 
a 28 82 

1 19 66 
r 6 43 
s 18 64 
s 29 84 
I 23 64 
f 14 57 

C 3 S7 
s 7 45 
C 22 72 
8 13 55 
c 5 43 
t 13 56 
r 7 45 
C 4 39 
C 16 81 
s 36 97 
1 20 €8 
c 17 83 
f 12 54 
I IS 59 

rvante nr 





c 7 

0 3 
f W 
r 6 
f 10 
f 16 
s 13 
r 6 
f 18 
C 12 

1 15 

Bonn K c 25 
famhick s 7 
h TO fafa r 9 
MM I 38 
Muf I 22 
KfaMM 9 32 
1 21 
f 13 
S 10 
r s 

S 18 

s 11 

denotes Sundays 




tg iog.r ran 


45 MMoica 
57 MaNa 

43 MfrbVne 
50 Mexico G 
M - 

54 Mm** 
59 Nantai 

77 nSmh 
45 N YoriT 
48 Mo. 

97 Oafa 

70 . __ 

55 Pmgua 

64 Rbsdb 
52 Wbda4 


C .F 
f 15 59 
1.15 59 

t 17 63 SI 

s 27 81 8 Frisco* 

5 sun sn snow t flwndar 

C J 

* 14 57 
s 13* 


e 2t 70 

t 24 75 
C 134 

c 10 » 

* 23 2 
1 17 W 
1.26 79 
a 209 
9 17 63 

* T2 54 

8 H s 

S 15 58 

e 8 « 
r 9 48 
8/ 6 43 
!■ 5 41 
r 12 « 

8:15 61 
S 948 

i 27 61 Seoul 
a 11 BE _ 

c 9 48 

c 2 38 Sfeqntfig 
•s. 7 45 “ ' 
f 23 73 

s 14 S7 TAl.... 
s 35 95 Terorifa- 
® 14 57 Tokyo 
a 14 57 Taranto' 

8 3 37 Tuna 
r 7 46 VatoMta 
t 15 59 Vaooer* 
f 19 66 Ventc* 
t & 4| vroa 
s -4 26 Waiaaw 
1 19 64 Wasnw* 
1 31 88 
s 32 90 
a v aBa b la 

. 'utr 



rt.. • 

^ ■ 
, V i,’ 


?t C |S 


- 15 - 1-986 



21 . 



...P v* 


fTWShare .- 
1399.3 (--12-0) 

FT-SE 100 
1683.1 (-11.0) 

1 18.76 (+ 0.41) 


US Dollar 
1.4806 (->0.0004) 

W German mark 

3.4189 (+0.0126) 


76.4 (+0.3; " 

Rising wage costs push up 
manufactured goods prices 

• BHP buys 
: into Elders 

The battle for Broken FEH 
: Proprietary, Australia’s Ian 
company, took another 
grange twist yesterday when 
. BHP announced details nfan 
AS 1.2 billion (£600 million) 
. agreement with Elders IXL to 
boy up to per cent of 
Elders* capitaL 

. Last week. Elders, the brew- 
ing to agriculture group, 
bought nearly 20 percent of 
BHP in an ASI .6 billion (£775 
million) market raid. 

The effect of the two dwit 
could stymie the AS2 billion 
partial bid for BHP by Mr 
Robert Holmes & Court’s Bell 
Resources. It also gives Elders- 
foods “to farther its interna- 
tional expansion”. 

Hospital site 
stake sold 

The Deportment of Health 
and Social Security has sold its 
part of the St George's Hospi- 
tal site at London's Hyde Park 
Corner to a mystery buyer. 
The safe follows the break- 
down of negotiations with the 
Grosvenor Estate, which owns 
over half the site. The 
Grosvenor Estate had offered 
the DHSS £6.5 .million for its 
portion of the site and a share 
m the proceeds of the develop- 

Boustead loss 

Boustead*s 1985 profits 
have been fait by foe tin crisis 
and problems on the Singa- 
pore Stock Exchange. The 
group made a loss of £702,000 
and declared exceptional 
debts of £229 million arising 
from in vestments. The divi- 
dend is passed. . ; , 

Govett terms 

Govett Atlantic investment 
Trust and Govett Enterprise 
Investment Trust have agreed 
terms for a merger through a 
scheme of arrangement in- 
volving all the ordinary shares 
and 5'A per cent preference 
shares of Enterprise not al- 
ready owned by Atlantic. 

Tempos, page 23 

Highland lift 

Highland Distilleries lifted 
profits from £4.47 million to 
£5.03 mflion before tax in the 
'six months to February 28, 
1986. Turnover was iip from 
£54.5 million to £59. Imilli on, 
and the interim dividend is 
increased from 0 -56p to 0.62p. 

Tempts, page 23 

~ New owner 

Citicorp Investment Bank 
yesterday moved to 100 per 

cent ownership of ScrimgBour 

Vickers, the stockbroker. Mr 
Richard Fulford becomes 
chairman of Scrimgeonr and 
Mr Frederick Pettit managing 

director and chief executive. 

‘No* to firm 

Fegter-Hatterdey, the in- 
dustrial holding company, re- 
jected the £178 million bid 
from F H Tomkins saying it 
had no industrial or commer- 
cial merit and that it was 
based on a large amount of 
Tomkins* overvalued paper. 

No referral 

The proposed merger of 
Allianz AG Holding and 
Cornhill Insurance will not be 
referred to the Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission. 

- By KK&ard Thomson 

Rising wage costs over the 
year to foe end of March 
caused a farther increase in 
foe prices of manufactured 
goods despite the biggest fall 
in industry’s raw material and 
fad costs for nearly 30 years, 
according to government fig- 
ures published yesterday. 

Input prices paid by indus- 
try few fuel and .materials 
dropped by 10.9 per cent over 
foe- 12 months to March, 
compared with a decline of 9.4 
per cent for February. ' 

■ It is foe ninth month in 
succession that input, prices 

ha vit ftllw i atitf atmmr mateh- 

es the level readied in the late 
1950s when foe reopening of 
the Suez Canal helped to ptufo 
down the cost of raw malarial 
imports. It compares with an 
annual rate of increase of 9.5 
per cent a year ago. 

The monthly decline in 
input costs during March was 
3.1 per cent, compared with a 
1 per cent drop in February. 

At the same time; prices 
charged by industry rose over 
the same period by 5 per cent. 

output j 

a slight dropof 0.1 per cent on 
the previous month. The 
monthly rise was 0.6 per cent, 
compared with 0.5 per cent is 

Department of Trade and 
Industry officials said the 
difference between input and 
output prices was now one of 
the largest on record. 

They said the increase in 
costs charged by industry 

included relatively high la- 
bour costs which were rising at 
between 4 and 5 per cent a 
year, according to Treasury 

While wages account for 
about 70 per cent of industry’s 
costs, falling raw material and 
fad prices account for only 
about 25 per cenL The effect 
on the price of manufactured 
goods of rising labour costs 

was therefore much greater, 
officials said. 

The sharp fall in input costs 
for March was caused partlyby 
a seasonal decline in electric- 
ity costs and the DTI said this 
was also likely to affect the 
April result. Another factor 
was the fall in the price of oil 
products, such as beating oil 
and diesel - 

The cost of raw material 
imports declined as the pound 
strengthened against other 
c ur r en cies, rising by 0.4 per 
cent against a basket of curren- 
cies over the year to 

Marr+ | gwmpar ed with a fall Of 

3J percent in February. 

Against foe dollar, sterling 
strengthened by 2.7 per cent 
during March, compared with 
0.7 per cent in the previous 

These factors were offset 
only partly by higher prices of 
domestically produced food. 

Apart from rising wag 
costs, about one third of tfa 
increase in o input prices was 
attributable to changes in 
tobacco duties introduced in 
foe Budget 

asks for 

By Richard Lander 

Saatchi & Saatchi, foe ad- 
vertising agency and business 
services group whose clients 
include the Conservative Par- 
ty and British Airways, made a 
£406 million rights call on its 
shareholders yesterday, signal- 
ling its intention to continue 
growing through acquisitions. 

The size of the issue, the 
third biggest equity rights 
issue in Britain yet and four 
times as large as SaazcfaJ's last 
rights call 12 months ago, 
takes tiie company’s market 
capitalization to around £850 
iDion and will enable it to 
purchase groups far 
than it has been doing so 
though it made 1 2 takeovers 
m 1985, the most expensive 
cost tmly £9. 5 million. 

The company is thought to 
have identified targets for 
about £100 mini on of the 
rights mooey.The first pur- 
chase $&s..aisa identified yes- 
terday as foe New York-based 
advertising agency. Backer 
and Spidvogd, which has 
annual billings of $400 mil- 
lion. The acquisition of B and 
S» which vaults Saatchi from 
fourth in the world advertising 
league to second behind 
America's Young and 
Rutncam in terms of bflfings, 
wifi cost $50 million initially, 
with additional performance- 
related payments later. ... 

Saatchi -is also at an ad- 
vanced stage of buying a 
European management con- 
sultancy group, which analysts 
expect to cost about £10 
million. The $80 million pur- 
chase of the American Hay 
Group consulting firm in 1 984 
is its bfagKt buy so far. 

Saatem said yesterday it was 
aiming to become market 
leader and capture a 10 per 
cent share in each field in 
which it operates, from adver- 
tising to public relations and 

For the year, to September 
30 Saatchi how expects earn- 
ingsper share to rise by 20 per 
cent from last year’s 45p and 
an increase in pretax profits 
from £40.5 mflhon to at least 
£67.9 million. 

City displeasure with the 
Thought of so much of a rights 
issue of this size remaining in 
the bank appeared to be the 
main reason .behind Saatchf 5 
share price tumbling 85p to 
855p yester day. 

The underwritten issue is 
being made on a seven-for- 
eight basis to ordinary, share- 
holders and tfalso extended to 
holders of foe convertible 
preference shares issued in last 
year’s rights calL 



New York 
Dow Jonas 
Nikkei Dow 
Hong Kong: 

1790.57 (+049) 

15396.78 (+70.38) 


ESmcAO 1202.2 (-12.1) 

- 2243.9 (449.4) 
57254 (-34. 

Genera— — 

Parrs: CAG — 
gKAGeneral 524.70 (sane) 


I (-34.09) 
Li (same) 



E DM3-41B9 



E Yen265j035 
E Wdex:7&4 

Now York: 

$: DM2J3H0 
S. Index: 1193 

ECU £0.630245 
SDR £0.771348 


fSolmfSefoWk 10*«-10 S IB% 
prime R 


Garton Eng , 
Has Ha 

Taytor Woodrow 
Mtchefl Somore . 

Hopttnsons , 
MdCectato . 
Amstrad _ 

■ 610p 


■ 109p 

. 278p 


London Park Hotel 

Barr&WaflBW — - 

Hoards ^ : 


■ 103p 
. 492p 





M/chestur SHp Canal 573p 

GoodRtfaDons 150p 

RavRon Leisure — 48p 

Legal & General — — 7B4p 

Brown Ship .535b 

Granyte i„ 91p 

Roberts Asard 

. 175p 
■ 290p 



+ 12 p 





+21 pi 



+ 1 &) 

+ 2 $ 


Boons - 


Saatchi , 


- 176p 




London FbAw • 

AM $34320 Offl-4341.60 


53050) . 


. Gomex $341 -20-341.70 

1.25 (£23000- 

McKechnie ‘no’ 
to Evered offer 

In a sudden 
direction, foe fast-expanding 
E vexed engineering group yes- 
terday launched a takeover 
bid worth £157 million for 
McKechnie Brothers, the 
beieagured Midlands metals 
and plastics group, as the 
stock market wondered 
whether it was ready to 
pounce on the industrial con- 
glomerate TL 

McKechnie, which has only 
just beaten off an assault by 
W illiam s Holdings, rejected 
the offer by Evered, run by 
brothers Osman and Raschid 

Mr Osman Abdullah admit- 
ted foe bid was opportunist 
“We have been watching foe 
company for some time. The 
two businesses would make a 
great fit It was only when 
w jffiama withdrew that we 
decided to make our move. If 
Williams derides to come 
.back we are quite prepared to 
make a fight of it” 

Mr Nigel Rudd, chairman 
of Williams Holdings, said: “I 
thought that since we pulled 
out McKechnie has looked 

By Cliff Fel foam 

change of vulnerable, so I am not sur- 

prised at the bid. We are 
watching the situation with 
great interest”. 

Evered, capitalized at £135 
million and with 3.500 em- 
ployees, is cackling a company 
worth more and with a 
workforce of 6,000. It is 
offering a straight share swap 
— four of its own for five 
McKechnie, valuing them at 
268p each. In the stock market 
last night McKechnie dosed at 
275p, up 53p on the day, 
indicating the prospects of a 

Mr Osman Abdullahsaid a 
meeting had been arranged 
with the McKecbnie’s chair- 
man, Dr Jim Butler, for today. 
However, Dr Butler was firm- 
ly opposed to the bid last 
nigbL “Ido not think that the 
Abduilahs' certain brand of 
magic would work here”, he 
said. ' -■ •. 

Meanwhile, Evered is con- 
tinuing to play its cat and 
mouse game with TL, the 
Raleigh bicycles and Creda 
cooker concern, of which it 
controls 20 per cent 

Woolworth sell-off 

Woolworth is selling its 12 
edge-of-town Woolco 
superstores to the Dee Corpo- 
ration food group fin* £26 
million. Dee intends to con- 
vert them into Candour 

Mr Geoff Mnlcahy, the 
Woolworth chief executive, 
said the sale was not linked 
with the takeover bid from 


Dixons. Woolco was in 
grocery and adult do 
areas which Woolworth 
decided to leave. The stores, 
which employ 3,000, are at 
Bournemouth, Cumbernauld, 
Cwmbran, Hatfield, 
Killingworth, Livingston. 
Middleton, Newtownards, 
Oadby, Sheffield, Thomaby 
and Washington. 

backs bid 
by Hanson 

By Alison Eadie 

The board of Imperial 
Group yesterday recommend- 
ed shareholders to accept the 
£18 billion bid from Hanson 
Trust, after the failure of the 
preferred bid from United 
Biscuits last Friday. 

Hanson Trust announced it 
had secured 30 percent accep- 
tances. taking its control to 44 
per cent Its offer has been 
extended until Friday. 

Lord Hanso n, chairman of 
Hanson Trust, met Mr Geof- 
frey Kent, chairman of Impe- 
rial yesterday to discuss the 
future management structure 
and policies of Imperial It has 
been agreed that Hanson 
Trust representatives will join 
the Imperial board on Han- 
son's oner becoming uncondi- 

United Biscuits yesterday 
placed its 14.9 per cent stake 
in Imperial in foe market at 
338p to give a gross profit of 
around £20 million, enough to 
coverall its bid costs. 

Imperial’s price came back 
in the stock market to dose 
yesterday at 345p. down 18pL 
Hanson Trust shares also 
eased back 8 p to 177p; 

The sale of Golden Wonder, 
Imperial's crisp s and snacks 
division, to Dalgety for £60 
million now looks certain to 
faiL The sale was conditional 
upon United Biscuits winning 
the bid. Dalgety said yesterday 
it was still interested, but 
Hanson does not have any 
plans to sell 

Hanson looks certain to be 
able to declare victory on 

Yen has risen far enough, 
says Japanese minister 

From David Smith 

A farther sharp rise in the 
yen would cause serious diffi- 
culties for the Japanese econo- 
my, MrNoboru Takeshila, the 
finance minister, said yester- 
day. He added that be had not 
faced direct calls for a yen 
appreciation at last week's 
IMF meetings in Washington, 
and that stability of exchange 
rates was now the most impor- 
tant goaL 

In an interview with a small 
group of foreign journalists, 
Mr Takeshila said that the 
environment was right for 
lower interest rates in Japan 
and the United States, but that 
foe timing of reductions was 
the responsibility of the cen- 
tral hanks of the two 

Trade was beginning to fee] 
the effects of the yen's rise, the 
finance minister said. Export 
volume was down on a year 
ago and import volume was 
recovering. He refused to be 
drawn on foe question of how 
soon the $60 billion (£40 
billion) trade surplus was 
likely to start to decline. 

Mr Takeshila is a key figure 
in Japanese politics and one of 
three candidates to succeed 
Mr Yasuhiro Nakasone as 
prime minister in the autumn. 

He made it clear that wheth- 
er finan ce minister or leader, 
he is keen to reform Japan's 
tax system, and in particular 
the tax concessions available 
on small savings. 

“That is foe major topic for 

next year, and it has to be dealt 
with”, he said. However, he 
gave a warning that tax re- 
forms alone might not be 
sufficient to reduce the saving 
ratio in Japan, currently 
around 20 per cent of income. 

Four other factors contrib- 
ute to this high saving ratio, he 
said Japanese people save 
bemuse it is a tradition 
drummed into them by their 
parents, to provide private 

Noboru Takeshitai currency 

measures costing votes 

education for their children, to 
provide for old age, and 
because foe Japanese system 
of bonus payments for em- 
ployees encourages living on 
regular income, and saving the 

Mr Takeshita is a fiscal 
conservative, unlike one ofbis 
challengers for foe leadership 
of the ruling Liberal Demo- 
cratic Party, Mr Kjichi 
Miyazawa. Mr Miyazawa, a 
former ministry of finance 
official, argues that maturing 
long-term debt should be refi- 
nanced, providing room for 
fiscal manoeuvre. 

Mr Takeshita made it clear 
that he will pursue the 
Nakasone line of eliminating 
dependency on deficit-financ- 
ing bonds by 1990. “The 
current fiscal climate is loose: 
we must tighten it”, he said 
“We must not engage in any 
new deficit financing.” 

He considered the forth- 
coming economic summit in 
Tokyo unliky to result in a 
new initiative for an interna- 
tional monetaiy conference 
aimed at restoring semi-fixed 
exchange rates. 

“This matter was taken np 
at the Williamsburg summit I 
do not think that foe establish- 
ment of an international mon- 
etary conference will be 
decided in Tokyo.” 

The official Japanese posi- 

tion on monetary reform is in 
line with the report of the 
Group ofTen, which came out 
against the concept of semi- 
fixed or target zones, for 

“I think that the stabiliza- 
tion of foe foreign exchange 
rate can only be had as a result 
of coordinated economic 
policy”, Mr Takeshita said 
The finance ministers of the 
seven summit countries 
would be meeting to discuss 
the improved prospects for 
world growth without infla- 
tion, he added along with the 
need for m utural surveillance. 

Mr Takashita, Mr Miya- 
zawa and the third contender 
for the LDP leadership, Mr 
Shintaro Abe, the foreign min- 
ister, have begun to campaign 
subtly for power. Mr Takes- 
hita faces the problem of 
explaining to businessmen 
that the yen’s rise was 

He said that on Sunday he 
had visited ceramics manufac- 
turers who all complained of 
the great difficulty they had in 
securing contracts at a yen rate 
of 180 to foe dollar. “As foe 
rate of the yen has gone up, my 
popularity has gone down”, he 

In March, exports in dollar 
terms were up by 24.1 per cent 
on a year earlier. But in 
volume, they were down by 
2.1 per cent and in yen terms 
by 14.2 percent 

The effects of Mr Nafca- 
sone’s economic package will 
come through strongly from 
the summer onwards, Mr 
Takeshita said, with public 
sector capital spending, a rise 
in housing starts aand foe 
June reduction in gas and 
electricity prices ail boosting 
domestic demand 

Calulations by Japan’s eco- 
nomic planning agency sug- 
gest that the package will 
boost the growth rate by 0.7 
points in fiscal 1986, to meet 
targeted growth of 4 percent. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Right and wrongs in 
the Distillers case 

It is conceivable, just, that a small 
number of investing institutions 
which would not normally consider 
themselves gullible might allow 
themselves to be misled into taking 
the inferior Argyll offer for Distillers. 
As sober trustees of other people's 
savings, they ought not to be tempted 
into error by the smooth skills of 
Saatchi & Saatchi, Argyll's hidden 
persuaders and the sales pitch of 
James Gulliver himself, Argyll's ge- 
nial mastermind. 

All three may be admired for their 
extreme professionalism but there is 
too much at stake in the bidding for 
Distillers to be left to artful advertis- 
ing and clever public relations. If 
Distillers — still a major company 
and the core of the Scotch whisky 
industry despite its appalling record 
of mismanagement — is to be 
revitalized and made a dominant, 
and profitable, international force, it 
needs to be taken over by a group 
with the resources and wifi to do it. 
While no one would deny that Jimmy 
Gulliver has shown his capacity for 
financial management and his ability 
to develop profitable, downmarket 
retailing businesses, Argyll simply 
does not have the structure, the 
experience or the people to make the 
most of the Distillers’ opportunity. 

Guinness undoubtedly has these 
qualities. While Argyll would no 
doubt put up a dazzling short-term 
performance should it acquire Distill- 
ers. that is not the issue that should 
concern the institutions, nor for that 
matter, the private shareholders. Any 
shareholder who wanted a profitable 
ride should have got off the stock 
market roundabout by now. 

Argyll's offer, worth last night 
744. 6 p per Distillers share compared 
with the best Guinness offer of 
775.81 p, is due to dose tomorrow, 
although it might be extended to 
Friday, the closing day for the 
Guinness bid. In the dosing stages of 
what has been a bitterly fought 

contest. Argyll has sought to conceal 
its lack of a credible strategy for the 
development of Distillers' businesses 
in iv*u «i>s: i: has repeatedly 
attempted to rubbish the positive 
case Guinness has put to the institu- 
tions and it has. belatedly, claimed 
through advertisements that it does 
have a record in international drinks 
marketing. The claim is not to be 
taken seriously 

Argyll's merchant banking advis- 
ers, Samuel Montagu and 
Charterhouse Japhet, have also 
indugled in unprecedented buying of 
Argyll shares in order to sustain the 
price and thus the advertised value of 
Argyll’s offer for Distillers. They have 
also, it appears, sold Guinness shares 
short in an endeavour to undermine 
the worth of the rival bid. Neither 
tactic should commend itself to the 
fund managers and those who sit in 
judgement over them. 

Argyll and Mr Gulliver's closest 
supporters are now under serious 
pressure, as yesterday’s market re- 
sponse to the announcement of more 
large buying of Argyll shares by 
Montagu and Charterhouse in- 
dicated. They realize that both the 
arithmetic of acceptances, the scope 
for further buying of Distillers shares 
in the market by each side and the 
mood among serious investors and 
indepenseni brokers which favours 
Guinness, dall make it impossible for 
Argyll to win. The most Argyll can 
now hope to achieve is a stalemate, in 
which neither Argyll nor Guinness 
had control. In such circu stances, 
there is a likelihood that both bids 
would lapse and Distillers would 
remain independenL That would be 
in noone’s interest save possible 
Distillers' board members. 

The repoonsibility of all Distillers 
shareholders, especially the institu- 
tions, from the Prudential down, is 
clear. The Argyll bid must fail, 
preferably tomorrow, certainly by 

Doubts over share prices 

The extremely sharp rise in stock 
market prices — around a fifth in 
February and March — followed by 
the recent profit-taking, has enabled 
analysts of a more cautious frame oi 
mind to peep out of the closet again. 
And not a moment loo soon. It is not 
simply that a bull market in shares 
lasting virtually a full decade defies 
experience and must end sometime. 

For the stock market, there are 
more pressing questions of short- 
term movements before the trend 
actually reverses. One sign of caution 
noted by Stephen Lewis of Phillips & 
Drew has been some switching by 
institutions from shares to index- 
linked government stocks. 

The other way of testing how 
expensive shares are is to compare 
the behaviour of the average 
price/earnings ratio. Those on indus- 
trial shares have been accelerating to 
nearly 17. Nicholas Knight and John 
Mant of James Capel have looked 

back to previous periods of high 
share ratings and do not draw 
confidence from the comparison. 

Ratings topped 20 in 1968-69 and 
1972, but they were the peaks of bull 
markets which subsequently slumped 

In the earlier boom periods, short- 
term interest rates were much lower 
(though rising where they could fall 
today). The James Capel team thinks 
the bulls arc only likely to push 
ratings up to those earlier peaks if real 
interest rates really do fall back to 
pre-1973 levels. Otherwise, they think 
the immediate political and eco- 
nomic uncertainties are far greater 
today despite the apparent conquest 
of inflation. 

To bring shares back back to an 
average 13.5 times earnings in a year’s 
time would require only a modest 7 
per cent drop in British share prices. 
But that would take a lot of steam out 
of a mature bull market. 

Unit Trust 

year to 1st Ape 



in value 

Position and 
total number 
in sector 


+ 89.7 




+ 60.3 




+ 50.7 













& Growth 

+ 43.0 




+ 32.8 



+ 20.0 




+ 18.2 

lit h 


High Income 

+ 17.4 




F"-3 v yw- l: ’ 

Planned Savings, offer to bid, income reinvested. 1.4.S3. 

Above we show the performance 
of our ten unit trusts, 5 of which 
are in the top 50 of all 739 author- 
ised unit trusts. 

For further details call HI 
01-489 1078. Or write to: 
Oppenheimer, 66 Cannon 
Street EC41V 6AE. 

A member company of the Mercantile House Group. 

Bamtiws?: emm KITiV slag lf& 




New York (agenda) — trading. The industrial aw- 
Prices opened higher in rood- age slipped by 4J2 to 
erately active trading jester- 1,790.18. 



ImMUh 3 months 

0.49-0. 46pr®m 1.26-1 .21 prom 

ai44L03pfwn 036-051 or3m 

1%-J»pram 4%-4%prBm 

20-par prem 4O-20pr«m 

4%-2%prBni SV-Op-w 

TD-parprem 13prem-?dt3 

IS-Ttown 5-4%pc*m 

leMSOds 410-nOSds 

S0-70dis 1ffiK25tSs 

gpraro-IOtfS 2-180S 

1%-2%rfc 7%-B%dta 

3%-Z%prsm 7V6%prBm 


points to 1«790 j» 2 soon alter expectations of a 

trading started. cat in the discount rate and 

Advances outnumbered de* r ^ mM u,mtn over IBM's first- 
clines by 503 to 425 among the quarter earnings report. 

1,376 issass crossing the The average had spent most 
NYSE (ape. of Friday morning at modestly 

On Friday, the market sin- ygi*, fcvets. 
ished mostly lower in active _ 

r“»| r y| y 9 

g* P3SJS Wt m iS^Doo m Is 

SSBT S£ 15? SgS* § i E& i i — 

ST si £ SP 2 S SL S S 

JL 1 20 V, FTWachva « 41 vk PbSE AG 38% 37 

SS& f sr KBS P s sar^. r II asa,, euro moneys 

Am Can 71% 71% GenCoffl 73** 74 «* «% finance House 12* — 

IS !U GwE^C 75% 76% Royal Dutch 75% 75% DtooW , ljrt«L«»% 74^ fSntfi 6 

JS&SS* 67 «% fiSJw 20 JW Kuo. M% 37% OjgrtjgHnh: 1 0% bm 7 iffl 6«S 

m Gflnfcifls 7*K 74*. Sara Lea 00 58% Waekfaad: 10% nnutachm** can 

1%-1%pn»tn 3V3K{Hsri 

IZVIOHpnm 32V28'.'.pretn 
1%-1%prem 4V4%prem 



AmCyrvn-d 68% 6S GanD/mcs 87 M* 

AmBPwr 28"* 26% GwiEtoctnc 75% 76A RwaJOu 

ftin&pmsa 67 «% {?«»“« ??« 

AmESST 83 82% Gf"*** IresSS 

AmHospaal n/a A/a GanUoRn 84% 85% 5r£5Gpl 

/EESwT “a *% aireutny iw 

Am STnrd 45 45 Genesco 3 

AmTateph 22% 22% GMf^aPHC 33% 

Amora 60% 61 CO#o W 

Annas Steel 8ft 8% gW*** 

Asarco 20*% 20% Goodyear 3g* 

AatUcndOil 50% 49% Gould Inc 25% 

AlRudilteld 53% 53% Grace ^ 51 

Avon Prods 33% 33% j?AJ* 1Tac 2L 

StasTstNY 47 *6% Grhnd 36% 

Banksmar 16 H-- GrumanCor 28% 

SkOfSKon 73% 73% GutfAWest 59 

Banks* NY 66% 65% HfonzHJ. 40% 

BeatrceRte 49% 49% Hercules 46% 

iXs^T 17% iw msn-Ptaj 41 

Boatng Sfi% 56% htoneywed 714 

Bsa Caaate 56% 56% 1C irufc 43% 

Brden 80% 60% ingma qU . B5+ 

3g Warner 38% 29% Inland SMe» 23 

Bust Myers 74% 74% 0M 149 • 

BP 34% 34% imHarvtr n/a 

BurTlon ind 37% 37V. ICO 1|% 

BurltonNa 65% 89* M Paper 56% 

Burroughs 63% H% unTaiTel 45% 

CmpDehSp 53% 537. InmgSar* 

Can Pacific 13% 13 JhnsnSJhn 624 

CaierpSW 49% 50'/. KaoerAk/m 21% 

Celaiwse 207 204V, Kerr McGee 27% 

Central SW 31 U 31% Kmb'iyClik 83% 

Champtcn 27% 27% KMari 44% 

Chase Man 47 47% Kroger 47 

ChmBkNV 53% 54 Vi LT.V.Corp 9!4 

Chevron 38% 38% Utton W 

CBrysWr 40% 42* Uscwwed 55% 

Citicorp 61% 81% LudiyStrs 26% 

dark Equip 22% 22% Wa"H,iW MV. - 

Coes Cola 100% iQi ManwBe Cp 7% 7JS 

Cotaare 38% 38 Mapco 38V 38/. 

CTS 3 134% 137*1 Mahno Mid 54% 54% 

CTmbfca Gas 38% 39 MnMaretB 41% 42% X8TO' 

CmbtnEnq 34% 34% Masco 56a 56% Zertfli 

ComwhhEfl 33% 33% McOomeB 87% 66% 

Cons Edts 42% 42% Mead 47H 49 

SraSopac 36% 36% Treeswy BHa (Drsaxmt %) 

I2I2SSE u& 2mrSlO>.e IS ItPw 

S«*P»P« |W ® 3mntti 10 3mnthB% 

SmRbdc 46% 47 Prime BankBte %) 

Six:!! Tram 45H 48% 1 mirth 10%-10% 2tnmh 10%-104 

Inger 52% 51% 3nu«i 10'i^w fimnOi 9MX 

Trade BBS (Discount*) 

, c „ IS 1 mnth 11% 2^ 11 

Wmci. i» sK •”*“ 

StdCAOtw 45% 44% totertankpsi 

Storing 43% 43% OwrragW: open n/a dose n/a . 

34% 1 week n/a Bmntti n/a 

47% 1 mnth n/a 0 mrah n/a 

344% 3 num n/3 12m h n/a 

S Local Autborlty Depoetta {%) 

^ 2 days n/a 7days n/a 

1 mnth n/a 3 mnth n/a 

6mnth n/a 12mJft n/a 

63% Local Authority Bonds (%) 

55% 1 mntt* 2mrth 11%-11 

96% 3 mnth 11-10% 6 mnth 10%-1O% 

55% 9 mnth IO'a- 10 12mth 9%-9% 

„ 1 SS S*eiflngCOsr%) 

ft, S,. gj t mnth 10 ,3 I#-TO'*I»3 mnth 10»I*-10'» 
G" 6 mnth 9 ,, ie>9 9 ie lZmtfl 9%-0% 

Dollar cal 7% -8* 

7 days 6 ,, i»-6% 1 mnth 6MI 

3 mnth Smnffi fi‘ , w ,, a 

Deutechmark can 4%-3K 

7 days $-4% 1 mnth 4”w4 , i* 

Smith 4%-4% 6twrth 4’i*4Pw 

French Franc caB 94 

7 days 8 %- 7% 1 mnth 7V7% 

3 mnth 7 ,, ia-7 a «« 6mnth 7 ,, i#-7 B >e 

Franc es* 2%-1% 

7 days 3%-2% 1 mnth I’iM'w 

Smrrth 4'ie-3 l6 >e G mnth 4-3% 

Van caO 5% -4% 

7 days PuA'ig 1 mnth S , nh4 , »w 

3mntfi 4%-4% 6mnHi 4 u ib- ,| i« 

G0WS341 ^5-341 .75 
Krugerrand* (Dercoint 
S 3C.00-343.50 {£23u 

Travtra Cor 
TRW me 

20% 20% DoOar CO»f%) 

51% 51% 1 mnfh 880-6.75 3 mnth 6.70-6.® 
22% 22% 6 mnth 6.65-650 1 2 mlh 6.75-6.70 
45 55% - 

52% 53% jBmMPviwmw 

91 ■- 90 '4 mwmur •itirmirr 

my. 56% vaaBiiniyiMM9 

37% 38 

Next week: £1 00m 

69 68 Three Month Storting 

76% 77 Jun 66 L 

Carp 66% 56% Sep 66 

1 24 23% Dec B6 

' 47% 48 ' Merck 166% 1M% CANADIAN PRICES -nvw 

‘ ,«•> V2VL uiMtiUm 077. 98 I I JtflBf 

Mar 87 

Prevtou3 day s total i 

28% Dec 86 _ 
n ^% ShmtG«“ 

Comber 1?U 13% MkBtaMng 97% 98 ” Jui88 — 

S^Drai 224 224 MormCW ^ 29% 29% AMtW n/a 24 SepM 

Coming G1 79 81 U Monsanto 62% 61% «cn Wum n/a 43% Dec® 

CPC irm 62% 62 Morgan J.P. 84 83 AlminiaSli n/a 18% Mar 87 — -~ 

Crane 45% 4flv. Motorola 48% 45% iw Tale_ n/a n/a OSTraaturyBond 

CmZaEer 44'* 44% NCRCorp 45% 44% Can Pacific n/o 18% JunB6 

Dart A Kraft 53 52% NLmdstn 14% 14 Comfnco n/a 14 Sep86 

Deere 33 '4 33% NatDstts 43 43% ConBstnrat n/a 28% Dec 86 

Delta Air 44 42% Nai.UedErrt 24% 24% Guff CM n/4 n/a — 

Detroit Ed 18% 18% NaiSmcndt 13% 13% Hkf/SdCan n/a 26% Short Gflt 

DlqttaTEq 169% 163% Norton- Sth 90 80% HdsnBMIn n/a 30% Jun 86 

DOW 40% 4014 NWBancrp 36% 38% MWBOO n/a 35% Sep 86 

DowDwm 50% 50% OcodntPa! 28 26% ImpmalOB n/a 46% Dec 86 

Dresser md 18% 19% Ogden 29% 30% InPipe n/a 44% — 

Duke Power 40% 40% Ohn Core 40% 40% Mass-Forg n/a 270 LongGH 

OuPo« 71% 71% Owens-#! 73K 74 RylTrustOO n/a 31 Junflfl 

Eastern Air S% 8% PacGasB 22% 22% Seagram n/a 76% Sep 86 

Estm Kodak 59% 59% Pan Am 6% 6% StaMCo n/a OH Dec 86 

Earon Corn 72% 72’', Panne- J.C. 68% 68 Thmw N‘A‘ n/a 2ff% Mar 87 

Emerson 0 89% 89% Pennzoil 50% 55% VWkrHram n/a 36% FT-SE100 

Evans Prod n/a n/a Peorsco 84 B3% WCT n/a 13% Jun 86 ~~ 

eExm.aAsM.cErteMMnTiM kMewdaM , pSoctrstllrx*. fUmaowi Sep 66 

. §£65 

_ 91.18 

„ 9148 

- Q1JS2 
interest 17036 

Previous day's 
93.41 93.37 

9352 33.44 

9340 93.37 

S3L21 93.18 

93U9 1317 

93.46 999 

93.38 251 

9320 159 


Argentina austral' - 
Australia doHar — - 

Bahrain dinar 

Brazil cruzado * — 
Cypr us pound — — 
FWondrnarka ■ —■■ — 
Greece drachma-. 
Hong Kong dobf — 

Irate rupee 

Iraq dinar ■— 
Mafaysta dote 


Now Zsoiafld dour 
Seutf Arabia nyal - 
Smgaporedoflar — 
SocSnAmcarand _ 
U AEtamam 

... n/a 

. 0.4280-0.4300 


. 36706JL6824 
. 5J62S-54025 
. 12196-32250 
. 39778-39960 
. &397S-&4375 

lohoon coMjuorrr 



- 13S7-8S 

- 1413-10 

- 1447-48 
.. 1476-77 

- 1500-95 

- 1515-12 

- 5173 

Uin VS&SS^ 271 HM 

OfSefafTUrtwra^res T^ wMoaan — 27»OT 

Price iu£ par nwwcionne ^_TT tody Steady H* 1 

Sher in pence pw tray oonce 

Ruck# wolf & Co. lu. report Tbc figures for \feal aiui 

96 & 54 B 7 J 1 and London Meal and sept 

Threamonths Potato fiitures xefer W Jg» 

TOumt Thursday's tra ding. Jan 
g S ™mc«n ! «B M86 HBtTgj^nx* * 

B -m— — -*? g SZSSZ2XS » 

Tex® Wb April 10 

tin . . GEtcataa.992iDperkglw 



-*««s SUSS 

Month Open Ck» 

Bffi^yS^EV .. wts tto 

a 3 I 



SwKzertsnd — 

Hong Kong _ — 

. i 3255-1 3265 
. 2.1800-2.1620 
. 2-6040- 2.6070 
. 07155^17165 
. 13913-1^925 
. 7 3000-731 00 
. 73250-7 2350 
. &48004.4S50 

. 1.9240-1-9270 
. 2295025820 
. 7-3200-72300 
. 17725-178.10 
. 1575.015780 
. 72025-7.8045 
. 1 50.75-1 60J5 
. 145.15-14525 
_ 15.08-15.13 

The prices sad noit tnist 
qnotatM»s oa this 
page refer to 

Friday’s trading. 











June.. .... 


Oct .. ■ 




GAB Oft. 




Aug — 



_ 229086 
_ 234039 
_ 238065 
_ 2440-36 
_ 2485-60 
.. .2201 

__ 140.0300 
„ 131*30.8 
_ 127.3-27.0 
_ 127.7-27.0 
_ 1292-282 
_ 1315295 
™ 133.0-30.0 

_ 147.0485 
. 1355034 re 
„ I31-25/W 
„ 131.25-00 

„ 1322550 

TW . . GBrCatBB. 9951 D pat «giW 

Months HT. S£siBep26S52pparRge< 

Voi — d 

LEAD Ga^77.71ppeMtfllW 

Cash 248-02485 <+ i.nT 

Three Months — 2545-2545 g itl g aKiwaA y/^ (a: 

Voi^ hlS 


Cash— 395-400 ptm 264.77rt-8.83) 

Three Worths- — nos. dawn 1-8%. aw. 

va - — — .$» price. 7756rt+ 1 '“» 

HIGH GRADE __ g^*wn,.B%.««. 


S&ffSiT.T a«**i 

SILVER SMALL _ Month OoSfl Ctee 

Cash 362 5-3 615 M 11B45 114J 

Ttosa Months W* 3 ™ TSi 120-10 




Carte nos. u piO^b * we. 

1 ^^ono6.c»mi9-9%,avo 

__ 395-400 ptm264.77rt2.83) 

■— ... Ptanos.aown 

— m price. 7758pt +1>00 l 

— ~.m Saam¥k 


lortb Open Cks 

tw lOIS iaan 

une »«L 0 1017 

am “li 

us w-g wio 

« JSSS 3*^ 

w ijw nos 

w 1015 


tar 1015- 1035 

laaoNM gMwtJStt 3 


Beet Contract . 


lertft Open Ctae 

WS 1875 , 

44 187 5 1885 -3 

a «0 1855 

ug WJ> 1835 

tek WJ9 1785 

■ **17 



r* sags, 

ay 152.00 14170 

9V 8550 6850 

ft - aa assn 

X# 11850 moo 

- - - ■ ■ VotS8* 

1 ] t 

’*1 s 

4.i -•* ‘ 





Three Months . 



372K373 7% 

Nil '22L 

__Wa Sep. 


791-792 March 
795800 Voftena: 
3700 wheat - 

iheep n os - down 365*. aw. Aptft 118i 

mce. 26853 o(+3.41J ^ - _ ■ ■ 

ta nos. up SL3 %, Od-rtX 

&a,8z39pl+3M OJLLMU»fmmi2t 


gparmntie "V* M 

Wheat ftntey „ 

ifKTjh doss Ctose Apr 88 695685 

1ST 11425 JrfW 6708W 

ft 120.10 „ OrtBS 7^-7W 

St 100-80 9955 Jan87 7W258 

11145 11425 870-fW . 681 

120.10 _ OaM 7W4W 756 

10050 9SJS Jen §7 7»2a 754 

10350 10230 Apr®' 850 

107.05 10550 J£87 7® 

11050 10825 CtfS7 35U50 . 8S5 

Jan 88 : 6475 

111 Spot8955 - 

: .95 Vot3l9W5 

S 825043.00 1E552M650 ) 


Applets: £566- 6m afloted-.EIOOm 

BkhtT£97540% reefewed: 17% 

Last week: E9732JW. racewedi E 

Ayge rata £9.8249% feat wk 8107009* 


Ca pa pare* % P/6 1 mgtLow Company 

replace £1 00m 

Ctose Est Voi 

90.64 2S58 

9129 343 

91.51 122 

9154 69 

Previous day's total open interest 6729 
103-13 104-00 103-12 103-15 6013 

103-02 103-02 102-29 10224 9 

N/T 102-02 0 

102-55 1Q3O0 PreV ^K^' Stot ?K^ ,lm8 ^ 3S4 
103-19 0 

Previous day's total open Merest 1 1 0S2 
128-17 138-28 128-12 123-27 6927 

N/T 128-28 0 

N/T 128-26 0 

N/T 128-22 0 

Previous day's total open interest 1869 
173-20 171 5S 171.85 476 

174.10 0 

Anar Tnm 
Anp Amy Sec 
Atett AaHCI 

B> Empre See 

ss zsr* 

Cnocam Japan 
Qortqr Me 
Oo Cm 
□rayion Con* 
Oroynm Far East 
nayua Japan 
Droywa Anomlar 
Ouncoo u» 
eon Amor Anal 
Bbcbic Gao 
Endtah M 

1 si 75 EnpM 8cm 
131 110 EngOafi NY 
US Eratgn 

107 85 F SC Mbara 

m M2 F & C PecPc 
272 237 FarWy 
34S SB? finis sew Amor 
120 BS first Un Gan 
568 430 Ftaaong Amarttm 
IBS t«5 FtanVng Om 
3«0 284 naMvEnanma 
IIO'i 84 '> FtanfeK} Far 6arrit 
138 KB FtanBoD BacHAtog 
638 480 nwWngJwwi 

fianOQ Tadt 
naming UnhnM 
Gt Japan 
Oonanl Ftnda 
Ganoral Cent 


• 29A 

• .. 4.4 

*-z as . 

+16 OS 

+r an 


I .. 27 

-1 0.7 

.. am 
+1 at 
.. 3O0b 
.. 05 

-- 12-0 

+2 • M3 
*3 13 

+3 1A 
+fl 1A2 
., 73 

» .. OS 
«2 an 
2 O 

a .. ae 
a .. 23 


+2 21 

• 113 

9+3 143 


>+1 83 


» .. 123b 


+* 33 

»+2 6-7 

• +1 ai 
+1 xs 

*i !?b 

.. 21 

+1 23b 12 .. 

» 23 13 812 

+3 163 21 272 




Gtaogow Etna 


Gomu Atme 
□ovoa CHomol 
Oontt Strotgy 

Law DOMotu* 
Lon M uj iam sa 
Lon trust 

Mwray Monrn 
Murray M 
Mvray SmA 
Murray Vartan 
Nh Cout 
Mn> Denw Ot 

Nunnrag too S3 
Mew Tasya 

Paanc Atom 
Do wro 
Parson* Aute 
Rhmr 4 More 
Ftwar nan 

Scot Migv 
Scar mb 
S cot Mare -A’ 
Second AMonea 
Sac 0> ScaVMfl 

Price Ch'ga pflnca % P|E 

+10 33 24 853 

+3 MJ5 43353 
1 . 43 ZB -*C2 

23 13873 
21 22 643 

+2 Z4 0.7 .. 

S3 2-7 2SJS 

61 32 424 

-3 133 47 302 

• .. S3 1AM 
S3 23767 

.. 0.1 93 .. 

•Jf SO 43S73 
32 62133 
-2 6le103 202 

• .. 616 3JJ3Z2 

♦1 X4b 1.TS7.1 

.. 7.7» MSS.7 

0*1 710 43 343 

33n 14 .. 
0+2 100b 2-7 60J 

.. 213 43300 

■ . . 03 1.7 S6S 

e .. 32 6i S3 

4Jb 7.4 304 
.. 1.1 OlS .. 

-1 43 13 124 

.. 07 1.1743 

+2 72 £2 623 

-1 43 20 466 

.. 13 13 613 

I.' 02 03 

-8 160 83 461 

88 82 361 
+1 121 43364 

78 67 8na*trCpa 75 

38'i s re grww tt &ro g> • 
nun Auwatt so 

122 95 m Chy Ot Lea DM118 
IBS 135 TR MB 2 Gar 186 
22S 202. TO Natural Roa 314 
101 » TB HEOtt Men * 

154 116 7R PadSc Baps 191 
16 S mo th Pmpony 
m to jocn m 

174 «8 TH T l UJBM m. 

186 135 Tame** Bor W5 

^ m Tiwoa 5 *otoo cop 5*s 
- 193 157’J Traaa Ooaarte WO 
Ml 113 TMOM US 

84 79 IWMfStMC M 

285 217 USDooanan - »» -• 

62 50 Vfcng RnoRm 50 
74 a iimmoat _ to 

95 85 KMaitnum Enargy K 

210 ifli wmaa 25 

337 288 Yeoman 332 

170 23 484 
... 03 .13 .. 

+1 At- 84 81 J 
.. B3B 47 311 
+2 Sib 23620 
+1 » MSI 

+T . .2*0.27 0817 
♦T J4 09 

|2 23 403 

«. 23..S2BU 
622 22360 
+( 78 43 SO 

+* 113 40 848 

It si iavt 

-1 U £1327 

.. 847 183 Ml 

8+3 62 3JBM 

-1 22b 4*39.7 

22 64420 
22 23404 
+* 42 If 714 

+1 tUt 41842 




Bncwopts Am 

Eng Tniat 

m !m t * 



■ ■ ■ 25 


r M4- 








■ tub- 



4.1 614S2 
*X 86 2A 897 
+1 0.7b 32 423 

•-1 S3 23 563 
.. 107b 2J S23 

+4 83 24 547 

.. 2S.0 61207 
• . . M3n 67 338 
-t 83b 43 383 

Frost rt> 

GOUM ft & IQ 

PKKbivTai - 
Oo Wamanra 




188 «+1 
&m P+ifl 

W7 «S 
Wi +1*» 


wo 41 

'« 223BJ 

62* 48 U8 
863 23127 
862 28122 
34 28384 
40 42 HI 
m 27143 
13 32 183 

S 13 303 
73 213 
U 62221 

£13 33 3*3 
128 68-20 
03 03 821 

82 48 S22 

fi«] Otter Cmg YU 


80. NoUanruM Rd. Boumanroutn 8H8 BAL 

0346 717373 lUnune) 

GE & RUM 1243 13194 *33 613 

Man (ns Eaumr 944 1004* *0.74.93 
WorUWfleBantt 177.1 1893 *23 S.H 

Amartoan bmtt 1565 1664 +13 237 

Asian PacBc 415 UJh *18 230 

Atoms 5 Earn 10U 1072 -04 1 23 

Caudal Rewrve 84 2 HEO +0.7 1 56 

. Canon & Energy 873 713a -14 247 

EWQPQBn Cvaul 855 903S +1 0 135 

. Gwaru 1423 152.8 . -13 2.7B 

’ Japan 664 710 +13 . 

U* Grower he 92.0 983a -01 156 

- Do Acsum 1323 Ml 9a -04 1 0S 

US Erncrghg Ca n 564 603 -05 046 

esutaj Frrrmu 1985 211 5 -05 447 

MBanSjS 602 64.0 +08 156 

AlUnd Duamr Centre S-rmoan SNI 1EL 
0793 BIOSES 6 0793 2831 

an orw cmg vu 

IM Trua 
Grawm 6 income 
CapraJ 1mm 
8bW« 1 
Acorn Trust 
American Income 
.Mgn hoerrta T« 
Equity kreama 
■Hisn View 
-Co n Sees Trust 
Ajoan AUW 
Pealte Tmjt 
Amor Spd Sns 
Sacs CM Amor TB 

a 231 4 246*® 

\ wcorne 1395 i«84e 

mm 3*0.0 2566* 

3700 *00.4 
rust 567 5 8044 

Income 303 32.9 

STO Tot 255 8 Z72 4* 

coma 139.7 1*88 

d 1*75 1571c 

a Trust 305 3i3a 

ral 76.1 810 

IM 876 S3.3 

rust 1454 1558 

d Sns 65.1 6840 

AmorTsi 2077 SSI 3 

1 value 231 7 2*6.7 

«l 383 *0 9a 

»'s 1154 1228 

no* C«J S 1523 1627® 

r Trust B2.0 H14» 

6 Cmdiy B2B B82c 

tororos 1532 2058 

Sacs 0> Aram TB 207 7 221 3 +14 0.71 

AM Asssl Value 2317 2*67 -04 308 

G* GrwW 383 *08® *06 278 

SmoAer Cos 1154 1223 -04 267 

2nd Smonar Co s 1523 182.7® +1.1 2*6 

Bearvwv Trust 82.0 873® -02 214 

MmMn&CmCty B2B M2c -10 22* 

O'teBs Earmttgs 1632 2058 -2.1 2 68 

T«*n«*MY Tsi ?1 3 973a -06 D33 

hcorna Botoi 1304 1382 +37 51* 

Enanpt SmjTOr Go’s 2*65 231 S# +0 t 27B 

USA Eimot Trust 329 6 3*9 *a -0.6 147 

131 firatnity Paunmom London EC2A 1AY 
01-626 9679 01-290 85*0/1/273 
CawtW GrewD) he 59 3 63 4 -0.9 1 66 

fraAceun 563 709 -07 166 

EKTOm 6 hfl 1149 1228® +*4 09* 
Do 6V. Withdrawal 61 5 65?a *2*05* 
finance A Pmoefty 60J 6*3 -05 233 

G* 6 Fuad Income 518 5*5 +1.1 799 

DoAceum AS 4 092 +15 799 

Eaurry faiccnat 784 814 *05 *3? 

DO Accum 1761 188 3 +13 4 82 

HrQh Y«M meoenfl 7*4 799® *03 7 68 
Do Aeam 192S 2055® +07 769 

. .h11 Accum 71 1 75. [i -04 244 

, Do 5* WTOdtWl 67 5 72i -0.4 £44 

. Managed Fund 59 0 61 1 +04 

' _ Preierence incom* 269 S93fl +0510 79 

* ■ Do Accum ea.7 34 ea -0310.79 

Smaser Co s Accum 135 5 1** 9 -Zi 1 38 

* Wood Penny Sn» a 94 701 -0 1 I 19 

+.-POrflokO Tst UK 79 S 823 -1 1 1+6 

M^Por-dO Til JJOOn 828 85 0 +39 010 

...ftaflow Tji US 719 744 -OJ 1.06 

.. PonfoSo Tar Eurooe 99 0 1025 +18 010 

Pcmoao TB UK J78 29.1 +04 0.10 

- 3. Gwnfiniis SL esmurc" 
♦■031-225 2591 IDaNaraOll- 

Kd Er (22) 409 a 

. Jac.1T E* 143) 3357 

- UR Ea l3ll 2120 

■ n sat Pens irw **ao 

Paei Pens l)K 179 I 

- BG America -.626 

-+BS Energy 1152 

BG le ce nwi Grwfli 197.0 

279 £0661 

471 £ +81 3 

108 5 +18* 

1730 -28 

1225 +1 1 

Eaurry Income 
Ej ugf 

■Qrnrfr a SK 
Josan Sp*pai 

jacan Sunnse 
Fast Eurotn 

First N Amor 
Frst SmaUfli Co's 

10 Fandven SL Lander EC3 

Ci -o23 83«1 
fijrred Itv 

120 0 


TO 9 1»1 

Ecnpean me 



-16 >23 

Co Accum 



*i 9 12: 

ueruwai inc 

1S9 9 


•08 297 

Dr Accun 

2165 KS5 

-i.t 2.97 

C * 1mm tv 

130 B 

134 6 

TO5 901 

Co Aeeum 



•SS 9ft 

Hsri ItM me 

66 3 


• 1* SW 

it: 0 


+27 150 

Jroen hcome 


•2* 92* 

Ee Accun 


£<0 3 

*2.4 054 

S American me 



TOO 095 

Ds Accum 



-03 OM 

Pnsnc mcumi 


I'D 7# 

• 15 050 

09 Accun 



-17 CM 

&"«r TX a me 



TO2 208 

Do ACCum 



-03 2.B8 

mu Reamary 
Smrtw Co o 
UK Growth 
Ertra Inc 

Inc 8 Growth 
Mat «ah »nc 
Plot Sms 
financial Secs 
Grad S Gen 
int Leowa 
Prop Snores 
Umt Enetny 
Wond Ted» 

Amer Growdi 
Amer Income 
Amor Smaaer CoTl 
Ausi Growth 
Euro Snataer 
Far East 

w Gfwn 
Japan Port 
Japan Smaasr 

E+arrm AtaMI 

9-17. Ronymoum R 
0*44 4561*4 
Grow*i Apeian 
Do hoama 
MSfli hotana 


Man POdWIo he 

Dp acc 

North American 






The Sloe* Excnorwe London EC2P 2JT 

01-568 2868 

1094 118L7® 
1393 1*88® 
402 428 

61.4 654 
284 299 

2086 2203c 
20181 2158V 
193 208® 
1268 1339 
*5 .T *83 
179 193 
183 173 

60.4 844® 
392 419 
422 45.0 
972 103-7V 

563 62 2m 
249 26.1 
732 78.1V 
1*3 153 
40.1 429 
236 25 2 
34 2 345c 

564 003 
132 1A1 
956 884 
647 677 

1238 1332V 
1973 2127V 
1267 1362V 
653 702V 
784 B22V 
669 1V3 
1103 1199 
61.1 857 
663 74.1 
409 4*9 
144 1 1549c 
329 369 

+02 244 
+2.1 131 
.. 138 
♦OB 88* 
+03 7.1J 
+24 494 
+14 443 
+0.1 9 96 
-17 258 
+0.1 217 
-02 342 
-03 042 
-09 1.14 
+01 177 
-0.1 Q.B4 
-03 324 
-0.1 631 
-13 043 
+13 146 
+03 023 
+23 135 
+17 233 
+01 1.61 
♦19 .. 
+ 0.1 .. 
+23 342 
.. 434 

Genera! Inc <*> »* .1 2242 -29 335 

Da Accum 1*1 3372 3S20 -3.1 235 

Income Fund PI 104.2 1083c +08 228 

Do Accum ft) 1789 1863 +13 626 

aw me O) 1179 12XZ -29 1.71 

Do Accun C9 1529 1B29 -19 171 

SmaMr Inc 151 F1046 1122 -0.15 209 

Do Accum (5) tll.15 1135 -0.16 299 

125. High m*oro. London WC1V 6PY 
012*2 1)46 

CS Japan Fund 702 747 +04 029 

Ot wSHlBr*' 11 *' ^ 0WB 

Growth 287 4 305 7 +04 181 

Income 3312 3523 -11 397 

I fat Em 1BS2 176 <V +13 0.43 

Nora American 1*33 1523V +29 0.70 

1179 1232 -29 1.71 

1529 1H29 -33 171 

Cl 046 1122 -0.15 203 

m is 1135 -0.16 299 

Far Eos; 

Nora American 

- BG Am«nea 1526 1730 -JD0?3 

-*B3 Energy 1152 1224 +1 » J 94 

BG Mccroe Grwth 197.B210SV +S0 490 
japan 1432 1524 *45 000 

" BG Teenre+SSY 1505 171 1 -20 1 96 

25/26 AHieonario Sow. London *11 X 4AD 
-01-491 CZ35 

1 Amercan *9 7 531 -0 6 0 82 

.'AuBriMan Ut 211 -02 275 

• Jacan 6 General 3*8 90 6 *25 017 

-4+gn Income *64 *as *01 737 

* imemotunal Trust 736 718 -15 1 11 

-c-meonw tVmmn Tst 50 3 536 -0*399 

«-G-Ts & Fwas im 193 M5B -C5H45 

^Bobal Manen 3! S 382V -t?i9* 

.■£aeom Situatrcns 469 494 -09 132 

c+t on a rm nmramu 

—OiKom House. ZSZ. flomtoTO Rd E7 
—01-534 55*4 

-AmertM 066 92.1 *02 2 26 

-Atet Accum 1439 1529 *2* ) 77 

Oo tneem* ICC 6 1091 -'i '7! 

■Caoczl 752 78 8 -07 267 

. Eomri Trust 4^3 *67 3e *04 3 0 

E.uo mceme 7*9 70 50 *i0 5t2 

-financial 237 6 2527 -0 ' 24* 

_5BJ 2629 2736® -04 305 

General MU 'Sfio -14 231 

'*G-n A firee Inc 56* 590V +13 919 
■7JOWI 0 Gen UK 133* f*l 9V *27 0*3 

■» ta« 13*9 143 58 *2 7 0 43 

raGro-m Accun 1833 1950V -U 3*0 

-wlneona Tnifl ^8 C 353 5 -15 3*2 

-UfllP* Tnw 013 05* .05 151 

_Eoeoa> SnuaMns 110? 1498 -C 7 2J7 

Recmerv 190 3 210 0 +I2I*a 

'Trustee Funo 111 3 lie* -t 1 2S3 

■Un™ T*3l Acaifri 51* 54.6 +02 0 79 

■ Do wcorne 51' 5*3 +03 0 79 

WdrtMM Trust 14*3 1535 +2J 1 11 

“B TMW. Fund ABC 331 8 3529 e -17 3 14 

7--’ Do Inc 217 6 331 *e -11314 


ifO Boa 156. BvMnrem, X«ni BM 4X0 

JH-S8 9002 

601 64 3 +24 030 

112 54.7V -15 030 
567 590c +08 540 
W7S 1143 +19 090 

650 698 -Ot 230 
830 087 +35 GJQ 

786 si 9V +04 C-» 
96.1 1022 +12 080 

£92 74 0 +1 6 030 

50 6 5*1 1» 

6*.0 89.6c +04 2 70 

160 Oe Broad 5*. London 6C2N 1BQ 
01-621 0011 

Caodol |3> 36*0 3B9«V -04 1 87 

income ij) 290.6 3109® +05 4JB 

Nora Amencon (3) 2728 2914V +0.4 135 


1 iMirq W+uun Sl EC*N 7AU 

a '-673 6314 

G41 Trust 1094 1109 +111024 

77 LOridon Wad ECS IDS 
01-500 1015 

On Fund 41*05 .. 417 Hit 1*975 .. 955 

Ceprc* 1(300 .. 1200 

77 icncen wot Lemon E££N ice 
01-588 1815 

Income 3757 • ..474 

Accum no 7266 


Narrow Plain. Bnsrol BS2 OJH 
M30 373393 

General Esuny 368 413 -0 1 280 

Eiauny men income *27 *55® +G6 *20 

G* 6 fired mt Gin 30_5 325 +03 320 

Ir-Wr Seeunsm 24 6 262 +06 230 

Amer Grew* 250 20 7 .ISO 

Japan ijio+th 26.1 27 8 +03 030 

Eur-roear. Grown 34 4 26 0 +06 200 

Gd 4 Faed irro 255 272 +06 9S0 

W CtA40« a. Lonaan eC2v ku 
O i-TSS iK9 

Capital A xum 2704 288 0 +37 1 58 

Energy Trust 4+0 466 -08 545 

E-ill m ceme 16*5 1743c +30 *96 

Financial 1525 '63 2 +1* 229 

GJt 563 5B0 *07 155 

Girwm irveotmnnl 29(5 3101 +18 243 

Income 6 Giowm *1 4 *4 0 +01 433 

JaMTOM J D>dfiC 127 0 I3 SlQ +17 001 

run Amer Groucn ’03 7 HO 3 -1.8 163 

nr fimxnrn 1073 1 1*5 -0 7 Z67 

SmatgrCti 194 8 21T2 -1* U5 

GtoCW Inc Ta 563 59 8® +07 5SS 

Crown Mcuoe. Woken Gu2l 1XW 
HtU 5033 

Hrgh Inccme Tnci 238 JJ 355 4V +3? SOI 
Gro*m Trust 227 9 2436 -U 296 

American Tnvt 130 1 139 1 +24 G7Z 

4 Mervda OweatL Stsnourch 
C3»' -EM 3+92 

Amanejn Fund 699 747 *06 228 

Cental Fimc 89 7 95.9 -2 1 1 77 

Amanejn Fund 699 74 7 

Cental Fine 89 7 95.9 

Grown & me find iJU) 14:3 

H<jh CM find 
inMnuKriil Fund 
RmotiricaB Fund 

1064 1136 
1025 1952 
203 217® 

Sr-tt Jan Co s Fnfl 26.8 30.3 

1E»J Amur ia 
iEji Ja»n rti 

125-0 133 7 
1369 1*14® 

lEri Jacan ft) 690 91.9 -0E 626 

■E-r PjcAc |4| 296.2 233 B® +56 1 72 

i&l Small® JJO <4j two 17*3 +21 010 

EvObrifl 24.9 26.$ +06 3 75 

El*«ft craao. CnaasMum. etuww gl5G tlo 
C24J 521311 

UA BVancad arc 71.1 758 -02 264 

DO Accum 71.1 7S4 -02 264 

41k Grji^ji Axun 17 3 BIO +06 lit 
IJ*. High Inc Inc 6*0 68 3 5.12 

N Amencan Acsum 85.0 W J +08 1 44 

F»? EssteiTi Aeeuffl 713 760 +31 066 

European Acaen 7i.j 7SS *17 1 IS 

U» Get * rl me 57 1 829 +1.7 821 

Du Accum 57. T 80.9 *1.7 B-rt 

Admm Centre. MeMOon Kama. 28. W«aiTi 
no an. Roodorl RM13LB 

Endursnu ' 1023 ICS 5 -II 330 


M * nc ^ 


La *“" EC2A IJ9 
0*78/9 MtarerOum 

EonabM Pekcsn 
Hmri tncoma Trust 
oS 6 fined bn 
Ta 01 aw Trusts 
Special Sas Tru* 
Nth Amer Trust 
Far Eastern Trust 

Bid Oiler Chng YU 

7&9 808* -02 3.16 

7&5 01+ +2-8 477 

S&4 60.0 +12 7J2 

6*2 69.1 -02 120 

mi 81 jO +0.4 235 

572 60.9 -05 123 

883 727 +21 078 


SL Georg* Noe Cwporaaon Sl CmwTOyCVl 

0203 553231 

UK Growth Accun 1S&* IKLOV -12 377 
Ob Income 1308 132 IV +28 327 

Higher M Accum 34*3 256 B® +25 457 
Do Mcome 1965 205UM9 -15 457 

GV4/FHMD Accum 104-7 1102 +28 262 

Do harm BS5 943 +23 262 

Nth Amor Tat Accun 137.7 1*6.4® +0.1 022 
For EaM Tst Accun 1235 1315V +15 021 
Euro Tst Accum 1421 tSl.1V +2* 0.92 
GanoW Trust 2345 2485# -U 258 


1. Laurence Pousrrey M, London EC4R OBA 

01-623 4880 

American Fund 755 80S *93 055 

Capitol field 106.1 1135V *<ia 0*2 
income Fund 822 Bao# +15 64* 

F® Eastern Fund 8*0 TOO +1A 058 

Oraraeas *K*me 665 7i5 +55 363 

Rxeo mtaroot 607 64.1 +01 SJJO 

Nflheal Res Find 435 4*5 -15 4.15 

Eunparo krcom® 085 734 +15 358 


190. wen Qooiga Gl Glasgow G2 2PA 

0*1-332 3132 

Seunced Om arc 4095 43S7V +95 220 

Oo Accun 415.7 4*22# +TO1 . . 

Income Gin as: 404 430 +03 (JO 

Do Accun 414 44 0 +05 . . 

Service Cos Me 43.1 4 &4 +15 150 

Oo Accun 434 482 +14 .. 

Rroor W**. Tonbridge TOO 1DY 
0732 36322 

American 1037 1075 +0.1 052 

Am® EouAy incoma 325 348 +04 4.73 

Amer Special SU 520 SS.7 -07 053 

Far test «c 29.7 31.7 -04 453 

Ger t fixed W 314 325V +05 077 

Qrowm I Income 101.0 1007 +05 422 

Japan Special SUs 332 3S4 +12 .. 

Japan Trust 1027 1005 +27 . . 

Managed an Tot 1238 1365V +14 022 

Max mcome Equity 715 785 +05 5.19 

P m m s sroma Gtn 347 375 -a* 226 

Soum East As® Tat 2Q.D 27.7 +15 040 

Special STO 1525 1835 +15 OTO 


8. Crosby Sq. London EC3A BAN 
01-638 5858 

American Exampt £3502 3500# -807 154 

Japan Exam* C310* 324* -1119 151 

Am Properly Ta SiflTOiO . . 7.75 
fiocerTf Trua £20335 V .. 5.10 

3. London WeB ftogs, London WnC, Lpnccri 
Dr-628 5151 

Amer A Gen Inc 2235 2 0*2 -T 4 053 

Da Accum 2345 2*46 +i5 353 

Amer Tumamd he 2162 230 0 -39 1.1* 

DO Accum Z230 2372 -39 114 

CKM* T« me 1912 803 *4 

. Do Accum Z3QO 24*64 

Canv 8 Cm he 895 95* 

Do Accum 117* 12*5 

Extra he Ta tne 1564 IMS 

Do Accun 1608 1772 

Income Trust 1102 1235 

DO Accum 1206 1282 

ht Growth Fd he 1584 1684c 

Do Accum 1758 1B76e 

Japan & Gen he 7i o 7b *t 

Do Accum 715 7801 

Mtxrmv me Fd 748 7944 

Recovery 13*8 1430 

Do Accum 1455 1545 

European me S24 556 

Do Accum 534 568 

Piuiam Ena. Doriam. Sunvy 
rpna ntmrM 

2230 2372 -19 11* 

1912 203*V -08 259 

Z30O 2446V -10 259 

895 95* ..62* 

117* 1248 +02 854 

1565 IMS *12 *38 

1666 1772 +13 436 

1162 1235 *05 417 

1206 1283 +04 4.17 

1584 1854C . 000 

1758 187.0a -0 8 0.00 

71 0 754® +20 Cl <3 
715 780® +15 OCS 
745 764® +15 4.78 
13*8 1430 -0.7 1 75 

1405 1545 -as 1.75 

58.4 556 +08 C.92 

534 568 +05 0® 

Fp Equry Dpi 
□a Accum 
FP Fuad hi Dst 
Oo Aeeum 
Siewaidsh® Don 
Do Accum 

2055 2131 

3394 3602 
1195 1272 
1332 1416 
1650 ITS I 
1898 1805 


PubK Tnome. lOnggway. WC2 

01-405 *300 

Casual 3S25 36*5® .. 283 

Grass he 1503 15*2 .. 752 

High TOW 21U 2205 589 


Bh Ftaot. B. Oevonsnra 5a London EC2M *vj 
01-283 2576 Deltnc 01-628 9*31 
U* Cap Frame 995 1065 -04 230 

Do Accum 1424 1523 -0 5 2SJ 

Inceme Fund 8i.« 871® +:3 5 60 

PenSRn ExW> 1815 1715 +21 250 

mtemaeanai 1472 1573V *10 M» 

US 4 General 582 «*J +5.7 1*3 

Tech 4 Growth 889 Tl 5® +2 1 1 00 

Japan S General 187 0 290 0® +104 023 
For Eas 3 Gan 792 8*5 +17i00 

fi+ww+i Fund 2245 2402V *02 070 
Gamrony Fund Ml 70S -16 HO 

z Si Mery Aro. London EC3A VS3 
01-623 1272 Dating 01-823 5766 Doumg ft -823 

*mend*i Trust 91 8 98 1 . GOG 

Ausntar. Trust 193 ?i.*e -O.i 0 TO 

Bno+rr T« Accum 545 550 -12 239 

De Dm 431 51 * -flfl ZX 

Cexnmoom SMr* 56.9 603 -C4 1 10 

Eurcoean Tru* 481 515V +10C36 

Extra inaxre Tn* *&J 52. 2 -08 5)3 

Amend*! Trust 91 B 98 1 COO 

ausiraiar. Trust 193 ?i.*e -O.i 0 TO 

Bnasn Tst Accum 54 2 5 36 -13 239 

De Dm *01 51 * -45 ZX 

Cemmottp, SMr* 56.9 603 -C* 1 TO 

Eutoomi Trusr 481 515# -10 036 

Extra income Tn* *07 522 -08 513 

Far cpsero Turn 111.9 UB.7 +11:10 
FttOC hurras Fund 25.7 288c +0Z 955 
do Trust 783 S9*V +07 639 

GWcel Fund Accun 1554 1685 +2 8 0 23 

Oil DWI 151 C 1017 -27 OZJ 

Gou 5-Tare Tn* 110 128 -0* 231 

Hedged American 53-3 +12 *03 010 

1+gn h«m« Trua 13U 145.1 -0 5 531 

Hcng Hens Trua 255 28 *• -24 100 
mcome Fund 73 1 783 -0 1 3 3Z 

mauranee Aneric«s £4483 45S6 -OOi !38 
jaoan Trust 1305 125.5 -12 Q00 

Manarod &•«» 263 1 295.4V +i 4 293 

CH l Energy Trust X6 330 +’9 123 

saecai Sits Truw 673 935 -0J 053 

UK£ri*C*n*CTsi 612 57 7 TO 4 1 73 

Whenever W4 77. Lanow W«l Lsrodsn EG2N 

01 MB 5620 

hd Gr»mh 788 821 +05 168 

Amenc+n Onetti 638 BaO +32 154 

Amsmcer. he M7 73*V -O' SS3 

EurfSeeri GroMh 731 V 2C5 r *1 2 021 

Gem i uawu 423 *5* TO 7 1.88 

Jooen GrowT 1319 14C9 +2*0:9 

Pwiic mcome 63 1 67 6 * 30 

Lfi Specsu Oppo 83,1 83.3 -45 208 

Rorai ExcRanga. EC3R 3BN 
01-688 9903 

BK) Oiler Omg Yld 

a a a fixed tor iasj uoj +51 577 
Growth Eqixty 214J) 2Z7.7 +27 158 

GuonfiH 30*4 3154 +24 2B2 

N American 1355 l47.Be -14 z.a> 

PacrSc 1885 202.1c +83 036 

Propaw Share 2*4 4 2600 -1-fl 158 

Smaaor'Campaniaa 2089 2223c -1.1 181 
European Trusr 2174 2313 -03 059 


PO Bo. 442. 32 Sl Mary-TOH*. Laid* K3P3AJ 
01-823 9333 

Mi ioocxne 543 56 3® *C8 637 

N Amer Tnm 1155 1229® -23 0.79 

Recovery teas SMB* +27 2*8 

CM Thai 422 4X7 +12 832 

SI Wroot he 693 BG* +15 5.44 

SI Vincent US Oth mi 193 +04 573 

Twnpie Bar Sm Co’S 1624 1713 .. 327 

Tamp# Bar USM 3505 3759 +1001 238 

Prem®r UT Admn. 5 Rayerign RA Brontwood 

f *w in 

0ZT7 217915 

Homoros 5m» QY* ISM 1315 +13 137 

MamVroi N Amer 883 727 +03 031 

Hwnbroa Jap 4 F E B54 1047c +33 04) 
Hembroa Scandvn 752 800 +25 096 

HnmOros European 923 952# +24 03* 
Hamoros Canadian 403 514 +07 136 

IWOui Ecwty he 845 833 +13 458 

Hembroa Mgh be 573 01 0® *12 074 
Membra* Nra Am 5U 829 -04 238 


Pienaar UT AdmmtwrauonS, Rayhigb R5 Hnoc® 

ftwi hivu ul Eeoax 


Sped® SU kTO 1314 1405# -13 

Do Accun 1351 1901# -12 

DMMh 7 KM M3 1853 +1.1 

CoUM Grnwtn he SU 824# -13 
Do Accun B7JJ 71.7# -15 

mama Asxata 1133 1221* +13 

FXwcM Trasi 1448 154 7 +52 

brouna & Growth he 147® iSflb +29 

Do Accun 
H^h houna Trust 
Extra broom® 

Sma4oi Oat Oer 
P« • G» 

GB That 

fixed Mara* That 
Gtobw Heancora 
EMM Tech 

GUM Rasounas 
Wonowta* (9 
Euo SmaMr Go* 
Japan Truet 
Japan Sptcal STO 
Panic SmaPer Ccs 
Smgapora 5 Uahy 
NpRh American 
amer Smafix Cos 
Amer Recuary Ta 
. M^n mcome Exempt 
Smaoer Co* Exempt 
Euro Ewrpi 1S1 
Japan Exempt (51 
N Amer 

GPCh Tech Ex IS) 
PadK Exompr <5i 


2S7 -13 

324# +15 
243 -1.7 

i«5V +29 
290 +25 

*5. Bench SL EC2P 2Uf 
01-638 0011 

Bncwi Tnat Unra S564 5320 
Cjpxa' Tran units 100.6 1073 
OcTOr Trust UnTO 1870 '990 
European Trust 1155 124.0 
Fir EOS Trow 1023 1088 
financial Trust 3653 385. Cl 
G41 fixed hi Inc JOJ 315 
Do Graven TO2 *79 

High Yxric That 84 1 852 
Itaeme Trust 62.5 87 0 

Imemsncrra 1132 1208 

Japan 'ocfi Ta 313 339 
Natural Resouroas 321 3*2' 

Seemly Trust 189 0 20T.1i 
Sava COS 839 893' 

50*0*1 SO 933 993 

5564 5320 -23 336 

1008 107J -06 271 

187 0 199 0c *4.7 283 
1155 12*0 +24 0 79 

1023 1088 -20 2 19 

3653 3857# +75 243 
30 J 313 +53 922 

TO2 479 +04 730 

64 1 862 -07 S« 

B2S 87 8 +03 445 

1132 1205 +05 253 

313 339 -59 5*4 

321 342# .. 2*4 

189 0 20T.1V -13 285 
839 893# -03 15* 

939 999# -32 245 


32 Otoon Annas Gala. London SWIM 9AB 
01-222 1000 

IBI Br* & Dseas 1322 1407 +&4 170 

IB1 Htn Inctime £39 508® . 10.00 

131 Seeunrr on 562 592® *06 200 

ui ve sa ram Ta Fno 6&1 89 B -05 340 


30. FanorurCh SL Lundon EC3 

01-623 6000 

Amer Graww he ESO «9 -04 157 

DoAcaan 665 ’05 -0J .. 

firnd inv T* inc 193 jus® -04 2S4 

Do Accum K7 2&4 -04 . 

K« feta he 

Do *55IAn 

i« Recovery me 
Do Ac cum 
Japan Growth inc 
Co *mrm 
Smaasr Cos be 
Do Accum 
UR Ed Graven me 
Dc accum 

E5D 699 
66 5 705 

195 209® 

24 7 2&4 
129 7 137 S 
3K7 7223 
076 m 35 
1023 108.4 
79 9 84 7® 
802 ttO# 
>45 3 is 63a 
189 7 203 0V 
286 301 

469 SO* 

wonemde Teen am *i s 4* 0® 

(h Mcum 41.8 4S3 

P+TOy house. CdORM am. EC2R 71 
Di.$ai 2800 

hserte CiN 427 5 *363 

me-vaona 8 Gen 23*6 Z33* 


5^R*g«g^Rot5 BrantwOH Suai 
Eoey SatrVuPpn £81 4 301 0® 

So Accun 439 B 4704V -32 203 

Dp Jrccrne 610 66.1 +05 454 

European 66 9 70S +20 1 M 

Far Eastern 514 B7.I -2 7 062 

■3m Tras B22 87.0® -22 529 

Int Managed TiS 78S -02 1 19 

Natural «« 57 1 fill# +60 260 

N Arancm Trust 7*9 799 -02 2*8 

UK spec* STO 828 870 -05 209 

RegrStrara DpL >^onnm8y-Sa4. MKin, W 

0*44 4591+4 

Bawnwl 187 7 «N 7 -1.6 251 

Do Accum 3305 3M5 -27 Zft 

Energy um *7 1 SO J TO 5 326 

Do Accum 5i9 555 -09 126 

Extra Income 156 9 l?)0 +2’ *86 

PC Accum 282 7 307 3 +39 * 88 

German mn he 61 9 J82c -2 1 OH) 

Da Acsum 619 662 +21 010 

hsome S71BJ90** -05 4.18 

Do *ccum 537 0 563.6 -07 *16 

UW Tec* 1791 14f£ .33 0 *i 

Co Accum lBfl.5 1997 *16 0 42 

Japan Grown 619 «2V -Cfl 002 

Do »awr 52 1 664® +0.0 0.02 

N AflbK A Gtn 1012 it»2 . . 090 

Dc Accum 1089 ii$e . . aM 

Faphc tesn 1051112* -2 7 0 3* 

Do accum 109 7 1173 *28 03* 

Smaller Cos a Rec ifU5 t»i 

187 7 HH 7 -1.6 281 

3306 3535 -27 Zft 

47 I 503 TO 5 32S 

5'9 555 +08 336 

1569 17)0 +21 466 

282 7 307 3 +39 * 0Q 

61 9 682c -21 010 

616 663 +11 010 

271 8 290 *C -05 4.18 
577 0 5636 TO 7 * 16 

1791 14f£ .35 0 *i 

186.0 1997 +16 042 

618 692® +C0 002 
5+1 6A4® +0.0 002 
1012 108 2 .. 090 

1089 me . . 090 

HJ51 <12* -2 7 0 3* 

109 7 1173 +28 03* 

Bd Mar Cling Yld 

2029 2179 +04 1.74 

179.1 1015 +0.7 131 

2507 2B8.1 +1.1 131 

0V-820 0311 

EocXy DW 1234 1313 

bd Acara 1713 1829 

□01 Thai S5B BAB 

Da Accun 5SL7 GZ9 

leroi Mean DIM 
Do Accum 

Do Accum 
US (towm 
Da Accum 

1234 1313 
1713 1829 
£59 BAB 
58-7 825 
917 979® 
1053 1123® 
549 S8.1V 
549 585# 

.. 148 
-01 143 
-29 433 
+4L0 423 
+14 435 
+ 1.8 43 S 
-07 1.U 
-07 1.13 

WmxbBJe Parti, ExaUR EM IDS 
0362 52*55 

General Tnat 443 474 

Income That 384 389V 

l i dennawN TruM 309 33.1 


Three Ouoy*. Tower HB BC3R 8BO 

01-826 45* 

Amer S QwrhC 2215 2543 
Oo Accun 2509 2722 
Amer Racovmy 2*70 26*3 
DO Accun 2679 2866 
Am SmVer CM *U Ml 

DO Acsum B25 063 

An® A Gen bu 766 819 


Con® A Oem ho 1569 1664 
Dd Accubi mO 2173 

Oampouel CbrmTO 4143 4433 
ConverOon Growth 325.1 3479 
DO bid 1B23 1932 

DWXMnd Bad top *234 4427 
DO Aecue 21220 1293 
CuropNii 5 Goran) 1829 105.8 
Do Accun 2173 29E.S 
Exve Hum he 2221 sue 
DO Accun 4779 5063 
Far Eaahxrr MB 10*9 1121 
Dc Accun 1273 1363 

fin) Or bw too 3366 2507 
Do Ace 357 3 3606 

Do Accum 21214 1393 

OB I Read M 645 67.7 

Do Apcue 062 VIA 

OoM towma 306 4 19 

Do Accun «L6 43.7 

HUr Income me 3213 3436 

Dd Accun 6520 ST(9 

toS Orawdr aet 7203 7803 

Do Agoju 2)193 1244 

toll « toe 573 ft 9# 

Japan 6 Om toe 6T79 0574 

DO Apcun 6019 7043 

Japan Smtaar Ace 753 807 

nuotand A Otor lee 5539 5869c 
Do Accun 0336 1438 

n ectnrxy Fund toe 3533 3744 

Do Accun 4527 4799 

Second Gen toe 5939 7353 

Do Accum 0353 1434 
SmoBer oca toe 6269 6797 
DO Accun 978410562 

Trustee Fund he 4574 4898c 
Do Accun 0283 1393 
ChartOOM Inc B9 119.5 

Do Accum (3l 383* 

Cianfamo bicjBl 392.1 308.1 
Do Accun {9 £1010 10 21 

Furewn Exempt (IJ 4733 4943 
NAAOFbiC 399 

Do Accum ft) *66.7 

11. DevormMra Sq. London EC2M 4YR 
01-623 4273 

EqtXTV exempt 4094 4273V +33 233 

Do Accum 5162 5413# -42 233 

UK Manet F+Ouwi 703 753# +03 191 

DO Accun 72.7 779# *03 1.01 

i roan Ptrtanrance 107.7 1148 +13 913 

Do Accum 1089 1152 +12 913 

us Speo* Feahoes 6aj 7Z6 -as am 

Do Accun 683 794 -05 970 

Goto 5 Praooua Met *o.i «a.s® -os 290 

DO Accum 413 449# -09 290 

US Special me 594 623 -02 592 

Do Accun 01J 669 -03 ft 02 

European Per) *1C 742 679# +73 MI 

□o Accun 793 01.1# +13 1.11 


99-iOQ. SarxEPQ Hd. I Ulllnaia. kam MET* 1XX 

0522 674751 

mla GanenN 343 368 -94 23* 

MLA hnc ma nor a l 509 539# +1.1 096 

MLA can IX 25) 272 +0.7 835 

MLA toeune 406 *39 +96 469 

MLA Eurooaan 2S0 307 +93 961 

Sr Gemots way. Stowage Hub 

Da Accum 
UK Maibei Fa 
Oo Accun 
Mean Pertain 
Do Accum 

0*38 356101 

CrawiUim 798 81* -1.4 248 

05 A fixed M 1185 1209V +10 031 

tamo Una 1124 jjJj# +02 547 

w5i Ytata an urn 57.1 5fti ~oo gjo 

h« Graenn Urets 1197 1230c +1.1 o+c 

N Amman Una n.4 739 . . 0.68 

Far Eat Unas B20 810 +02 038 

SmaBer Cos n tod 673 721 -1.1 1JB 


Lhcom Hso, 252. Renfart Rfl. E7 

ft-E(4 5S44 

Mencao 1397 1*96e -02 393 

33. KFnWMim & B>» 9AS 
01 -200 2860 

Amer Grown 69* 1045 +05 1.17 

Do Acsum 1013 1082 +06 1.17 

Amer income 493 524# -02 454 

Oo ACCUn 31.7 549v +02 464 

EuTOOeiri GW 1*83 1299 *23 120 

DC Accun 121 4 129.1 +23 120 

General 2339 270.1V -24 139 

DC Accun *134 4399# -3.7 T 60 

G4t & fined 61.6 0W +24 743 

Da Acaan M»3 101 3 +26 729 

aicoma 80S S3.ra *12 *05 

Do Accum 066 043# +14 465 

menaaorNi 2185 2903 +14 124 

DO Accun 2573 2U4 +24 124 

Jaonn 1973 13 S3 +3.7 0.IS 

Do Accun 1397 1396 +38 015 

Snoovuy 1994 2120c +13 131 

Do Accum 2306 2242c +1-B 131 

E+wnpr Pat 2903 2373 -64 234 

Eaemn Aeeum 3540 36*9 -97 224 


CouTwS 00 HM. SMr Sl «ead. SnefftoktSi 3RD 
0743 79842 

CjfVjjl hc a me BOS BSB 

DO Accum 1G6.7 1152 

Cummoany 5 Gth MJ4 ft* 9 

Do Aeeum 1SS.S 1653 

Ei-j rtcr. he 
Do Actaxm 
GJI A Fr»«J he 
Do Accun 
Mmn /+*) 

Do Accum 
Do Acsum 
Japan & pease 
Do AKun 

N vumnean me 

Do Accun 
Euro ijiti me 
Do Afleum 
SnvUer C«a me 
Do Accun 

BOS BSB -OS 214 
1IS.7 1153 -06 2.14 

M2* »1*9 -27 326 

155.6 1653 -09 326 

K2 63.iv +03 746 
690 T2S® +07 748 
571 69 J# *13 83* 
01.5 95 3V +22 884 
1562 1668 +23 52* 

2S94 2756 +38 524 

174* 105 0 -04 3*7 

203 9 3BL0 -06 347 

224.4 2004# +76 020 

2352 238 V +*1 020 

1PS5 1156 +1 S 107 

130 1 138.0 +1A 1277 

1080 1160 +22 H3 

1304 1309 +24 1.15 

1058 1128 +46 246 

If 1.7 119-1 +06 246 

tod Oder Omg TO) 


103. Hope StreeL Oeigow 02 2UH 
041 221 9252 

American 1113 1193 403 33i 

European 223.1 2391 +11 071 

MM Cos 2106 234 3 +33 138 



48. Gneaawrob St EG3P 3HH 
01-823 4200 EM 200 

wiur • 

Oo Accun 
NPi Overaee e 
Oa Aecue 
Far Een Acc 
Do Dot 
American Me 

-'■aoiwat*'* ^soisflo' 

3334 3545 -43 230 

6403 5753V +33 1-10 

0893 7020# +43 1.10. 
603 71.1 +15 030 

— 897 71.0 '*,j:a30 

67.7 6lA -14 170 | 

674 813 -14 1J0 ' 


PO BOX 4. NoneOi NR1 3NQ 

0603 022200 

Group That Mil 1230# +001 477 

hufraat 1224 1203# +06 1.71 

86, Canon SueetLondon EC4N 6AE 
dMVigx 01-4M 3BRW7«9|0 
bee ma acna Ckuadi 1354 1453 +14 000 

hexane 6 QrowBi BOH flS.1 -13 330 

Sue® am 
A men co i Qrawtti 
Japan Growdi 
e uppaa n Qrawiti 
PacMc Growth 
Wgli become 

Oo Accun 827 « 



Growth Rind tap 905 9t 

Do Aeeum 1337 14S 

hcorna find 121* m 

UU Equty Inc 1236 1ft 

Dp Accun 123-6 131 

UNI Tnat Inc 1204 133 

Do Accun 221. 1 233 

003 804 +13 4.40 

33.4 35.8# -0.1 070 

50.0 535 +03 .. 

80.1 844 +24 240 

545 964 -0.1 080 

*34 464 +03 010 

307 329® +91 840 , 
510 6*3# -04 440 , 
927 007# -03 240 ' 

905 964c +04 248 
1837 1422c +05 248 
121* 1297* -04 340 
1233 1313 +04 T57 1313 +04 137 

1202 1373 -9* 310 

221.1 4394 -03 3-10 


*8. Man Senes Hentoy On Thame* 

(MB) 578008 

to® ttnwfli 28*3 S842 -14 032 

tooome no i 2063# -23 * *S 

Woridwroe RAC 161 .0 1621 +04 140 

Amu Grown 803 791 +06 970 

hd EmeraCo'a 897 897# -07 960 

Far EMOMh 691 714 +13.143 

European ~G0i ‘ 667 899 -9* 155 

222 Oa riop gi ne. London EC2 
01047 75**P 

hra n mdorw 107.1 iiS4® +04 14* 

Income 1793 1903 +15 450 

Cop* CM 803 104.6 -02 539 

Fa EABtom 1414 151 BV -37 048 

Nora American 1399 1464® -0.6 1S2 

Spent* STO 2093 2184 +97 1.47 

Tacnnotogy 1138 122* +05 9*0 

Extra mcome 825 973® -14 540 

51-69. mm hr. Ron Beeex. wi SQL 
01-478 3377 

Hotaom Eguoy 4098 4343V -36 305 

European B2S 87.7 +9* ara 

HOBam Comm 534 563 -04 2Jn 

Motaten tagn he 67 4 71.BV +93 905 

Hotooro hfl 991 963 +1.0 07* 

Jutramnn 75S BD.7® +13 065 

N American 095 733 +03 154 

Human Spec Stt B43 EOjO +04 137 

Motion uk aawta 043 004 -05 233 

Hetaom Ga Thai 17S9 107.OV +0.1 8.15 


31-45 Groaum SL London EC5V 7LH 
01-600 *177 

oadram General 4314 A903V +144 235 

□uadram hcorna 2*33 2383 +106 4-35 

Ouacrant me Fd 371.1 390.7 -03 1.12 

Quadrant Racorary 2514 2674V +74 330 

Si Swiexns Lone. London EC4P 4DU 
01-300 6456 

NC America he 3706 2944 -84 142 I 

DO Accum 207.7 37ft7 -2.7 1.02 

NC Energy Res 1356 1444 -1.1 240 

NC hcame B26 BBS +14 363 

NC Mon 158.1 1892 +46 003 

NC Smaller Go* 1342 1+2.7* +01 215 

NCSriArEurcipCo s 101.4 171.7 +1J 03C 

NC Exempt Ga ei3i n isaoc 

NC Amer Prop 911.57 1218 

NC Property 1736 1626V 

aa K»«3 w*mm SaeoL 
01-638 5670 

Londur EC4R BAB 

Beeuisao 05 
tgn You (5) 
Meito ft) 
Fixed htsroar 
Hran imemi 
Fto E8HK) 

2193 2203 *05 238 ■■ 

700S 7165 +3*5 2A7 I 

1616 1645 +6.0 548 

3745 3825 +55 173 

17&0 1795# +25 &3B . 

1325 1335V +2511.40 1 
1700 1735 -65 029 ! 

New H40 Place, Urarpooi use 3HS 
091-227 4422 

ERUdy Tnat 647 836 +05 2 

Hi Trust 07 » 72) +06 1, 

OR Trust 23.4 203 +0.7 7. 

US Trust 316 336 -Ofi 1 

Poafic Gash TSt 324 3*6 +07 0 


«>1 1R * 

American Qrowfli SU ftJ +04 064 

Copnel Accum 188.1 2002 -28 2D3 

CM tocome 592 624# +15 926 1 

rogn hcome 796 845# -0.1 455 . 

toeome ft Graeith 096 10S3e -0.7 4» 

Japan Growtn 684 714# +05 DOB I 

SoeoBl Sro 1ft5 IOBjO# +03 163 ( 


2ft HNnem Ad. flpwfc w ) AM) 3L9 
56-73, Queen SL EdeUlurah EHJ 4NX 
(Rooftad) 070960868 Or IBtoi) 931-235 7391 
Am® he * Ghtoift 673 715 -06 747 

Capital (tons 002 lOftO +02 233 

Ccmmodn 402 S26# -02 150 

Envoy **» 436 *60 -91 423 

European Grtwrth 934 100.4 +16 OJft 

Erompr fnc 3mj 82. 1 605 +T.7 457 

Dd IM (43) 808 63.7 +05 220 

Exporauan 395 422 -00 900 

financial Secs 93.7 1002 +1.7 2.00 

cipm (has 
Energy info 

European Grtwrth 
Eoemw toe And 
Do M (43) 
HTO> Return unto 
Mflh Yak) Unto 
broom Drills 
im watomu mat 
Japan Grower 
Japan SmftrCn 
New T aMamtaw 
SE 40® Grown 
Se u Wl BI BO 

655 569# +141052 
1045 107 7 +22 461 

1096 1812# +15 439 
ftO 1037 +04 910 

863 012b +41 208 
1008 1197# +12 353 

§ 3 T7.3 +15 ,. 

0 1000 • = 0 J-..- 
270 295 +01 911 

932 994 -04 .. 

023 997 +66 161 

1»0 1396 +23 2.17 

163,4 174.7 +02 360 

1023 1736® .. 300 

Bfet OHM Chug TO) 

Satoa htemt Uu na 73.1 791 o +07 140 

snafor Q) « Am «1.d 1021 V +26 450 

Spaa® Bhaflora 097 103.4 -15 147 

«is Bjwty 1093 7SOA ■ -4 A 212 

USCtowto 725 775# .. IJft 

itofraearODM* 613 B3c +06 143 


Eruerpriaa Hotoa. Port oA OBdi 
OJW 021733 

AmaricMi he 1227 1384 +12 1.*6 

Do Accun 1302 1382 +12 IAS 

AortraflaHne- MR 89A - +1.1 TJ7- 

DO Accun 094 746 -+12 1.77 

Baepera he KB6 1107# +25 1.15 

-DoAoeun -1084 1137# +25 1.16 

+12 980 
422 960 

+24 461 
+63 451 

408 an 

+24 «m 

+12 am 

-12 156 
-16 155 
♦04 147 
+06 147 
-15 150 
-12 150 
+12 029 

On Accun 


Baapivi toe 


-Do Aocuo 


GM ft Rxad to# 

57 J 

— Da Accun- •- 


GoM FUnrftoe 


Do Accum 




Do Accra 


feal txxxne 


Do Accum 


Jap Br* Co 1 * Ac 1115 
Stogipora A Malay 396 

Db Acc itoi 405 

SxeRer Go's too 12S2 

DO Accun U97 

Spec®) Bta toe 1016 

Do Accun 104.6 

Tcfcyo fix'd too 1737 

Do Accun . 17S6 
US SmOtor Ctfs Ac 866 
IRC &juty Inc 10*6 

Spacae Brae 
PtoiM ona ■ < 

-0.7 933 
-03 Z6B 
-05 200 
+499 268 
+06 161 
.. 6*1 


29 Sl Andrew* Sq. EOhDUtfl - - 

031-890 9101 

tod Income U*r -1406 1603+ *03 3 IS 
Op Acorro 2182 3332V -96 3.16 

ifl. Si Arxftewe 69 Eraraugh 
031 2252211 

UK EpiRy 1676 2095 -16 120 

Ameranos 1402 1597 .. 129 



109 Vhoeni SL Gtoegow G2 SUN 
041-248 01OQ 

UK Eqitor 
Gut S Rxad 

1762 TB9SV 
1220 1Z36® 

UK Smtr Co'a Eq 1*22 1916® 

Eurjoaan 175.0 1002# 

N American , _ . 1097 1197# 

PSetlc - 1398 1474# 

2ft cnataaa Sq. BMtnyh 
03122B *375 

Peafc_ 499 523 

Wj*M Orowfli 346 371 

N American 34 5 367 

toeome Fund 486 502 

PO Edtotwah BHM 5BU 

rai -055 6000 

Rn Ea he .2306 2505# 

Do Accum 3755 28336 

». cny^Boaa London SJ1Y 2AY 
Qi-638 8011 

Amer Tadr 6 Gan 10*5 1113 

Pa«lc ,1504 IfiOJMb 

Sac Il l u me Fno 1790 19l.6c 

a rr- 

Amancao uwn m2 745 
Smal Co 1 * 374 490# 

Japan Tert 8 Qen 835 097 
Mtonaetxul taaome S7J Siftc 
Ex«npt 4096 0316# 

UK General 35.0 37 J 

Euro Growth 286 306 

Eem hcome 315 337 



3i. C SS?^l L “nbuun eH2 2XZ 

Oft 2252582 

toeome IHta 2021 2095# 
Do Accum UnTO 2990 3106# 


031-226 3271 
Amen era Fund 
Do Acorn 
Do WMbawal 
Aiarotah fixw 
Da Aaeren 
Biropean Fund 
Dd Accun 
Jim Fond - 
bo Accra 

2227 2372 
2591 2684 
1612 171.7 
12*7 1328 
12ft) 16*6 
5095 0214# 
7880 0776® 
2H23 Z794 
2792 2942 
255.7 2726#' 
2565 2717® 

105.1 1736 

-HI 2.15 
+15 21S 


Era Mhrai mt. HartfuBL aoH® 

0*03 58293 

Bpay Tnu Ace *098 4283 -72 165 
N Am Tnat Aco S7.6 812 TO* 125 
Far East Trwt Acc 857 090 +15 91* 


£9. BgjAKwr a H«®. art awr. Hawto. 8P1IHP0 

026* figl BB D*®toa a. 028« 0432 

Arartan Ira 11 90 1236 +16 

» Acorn 120-7 1296 +16 

Extra tocoma Inc 1106 117.7# +15 

Do Accun 129.1 137.40 +22 

Oararal Drat toe - 1625 1734 - 1.7 

DQ Mem rai* TfOO -2* 

Oil ft fixed hie 524 6*6c +14 

Do Acorn €75 00.7a +1.7 

toaenia m* mah + 0.1 

Arrun 3116 3636 +91 

Pa&fie hie 1325 1405 .*00 

, Do Aeon 1355 1446 +27 

hfl Inc 2040 313.7a +35 

OS Aeeum 36)9 3886c +91 

Sowaad Oops toe 01.0 066# -OA 

Do Aram 675 715# -07 

Nath® Res 404 494# +92 

OOACOR 4 98 486# +02 

Tw yrMaaa. rtaan o uM fSJ. Aytasbury Bucks 

*mer Eagto . 73.T 775 -45 048 

Aumssn 196 195 -02 C-lff 

OononKtoy 095 746 -25 235 

fimnw 3*5- 345 +93 160 

Eouay 134.6 1445 +35 253 

Amer Eagle 


twra/ U*6 144^X3 JLM 

Extra tocstM 1134 121.B# +16 557 

firijncul 2® I 281 4# +05 179 

Gm hcome 

GNd tocems 
Do Accun 



1119 1170 +34 750 

67.0 096® TOT 204 
1036 1100c -1.1 204 
085 -086# +23 463 
794 6*5 +1.4 0.10 ' 

yA ^ 

' »d- Oder Chqg .TO) 

Malay ft Btogepm 169 1910 TOS 165 

PmSteHK 71» 841 *13 038 

OD Rrwwan 976 1013 +15 0 OS 

Poet sum « '73 ius +0.1 050 

UK CapM 005 745 +15 1.77 

Speda TSi — ' 794. 945 +02 ELBE 

-Tsarology +50 486 -ft! 010 

Wnu incant 335 673# +15 958 

> Wbridvritta Capital 1413 1515 +06 156 

BM Ex pH 7S3 B36 +94 154 

Dd ACOXO £6 7474 1675 +45 154 


2 ft M#v Axe. London ECU 00* 

Ot 9283853 *- 

: SriVfler CoTTv . 886 33J -15 0.M 

Will Mauac ; 


01-2*8 1250 
ABoricn Q raw B 
. Ganara) Growdi. 
OtoM Teca 
-b r u ome rtowto 
b ta ome Monddy 
Japan Grow®) 
ITxaea Orowh 
antator Cos 
SpsdMOpps. . 

2 M58 Dock. Irosm G04V 

385 42M .. 000 

65.0 605 -94 218 

414 443 *05 0.10 

626 875 +95 042 

491 S28M +1J 75* 
335 364 +13 910 

414 444 -ftl 138 
*16 6*5# +94 151 
050 796 +91 200 


+16 054 
+92 974 

-S3 050 
+16 *66 

+16 256 
+ 8.1 850 ; 

-23 035. 
+92 051 
+26 454 
-90 Z1B 
+20 050 
-15 1.12 
-03 1.43 
+26 901 
+91 490 
.1 303 
+03 233 
-92 003. 
-M) 600 

SECwenes ■ • 

91-00. New London Hd. Q® hu ta»d 
0240 01061 

Cdwoco he » 409.1 4845# 

Oo Accun R 7390 7896 

Flewno Flnd H) ZS97 2B35C 

DO Accun W 2744 20900 

Bring Am ft Gen (4) 0*20 25*5 

Do Aocun W Z78J 1090 . 
FleTOng he find (4) 1735 1BZ7 
SAW Amer p) ^ 1630 1816 
SAW Sadr Sacs 1356 1426# 



Da Accun 
Far Eastara 

• 03 Accun 

fin A Prop 
Do Accum 
.OM CapUN 
Do Accun 
OR hcome 
DaAccom . 

Da Accra 

Oo Acaan 
hfl Eimrogs 
Do Accua 
hd Orowei 
Do > 

Jurat Growth Arc 
Natural Rtmras 
DO Accra 
N Aroar Growth 
Do Acc 

Do Accum 
StoaMe Go's Ohr Ira 

UK Hgyaa. Caada SL I 
0722 338 0*2 

1290 -75 ... 

1265 +20 - 

1226 -64 7. 

85 HCtoom VtorticL EClA i 
01 436 3853 

Orowei he 1096 

Do AaMn 2645 

7> 3?2*ra 

AW ft Gan 805 

ITOatar Pntfolh tBOai . 

Abho Mr Am (3) 1074 

-13 1® 
-20 I ® 
+26 451 
+01 251 
+93 358 
+04 U 
-05 1433 
+057 3.10 
-20 251 

W-980 . 1982 • 
Ansrtean Tnat 

wga£ G,n 

henna Truto 
Japan Qrowm 
Snra Corn ptot u a 
Aiottraa . 
WC Dial 
Eucpeu Growdi 

WhO Kang 

. 070 727 

795 650 
091 725 

796 824# 
975 H»5 

1190 12B0® 
345 37.0® 
*62 4*5 
1391 14*5 
494 525 
226 234* 



031 -22S 1S51 

AWOTOr Got) 196 1?.7 -10 0« 

Badllo Baton Bmrgy mi 135 -05 020 

graUraMGft S76 SIB® +06 900 

Gkora Mh PM *1020 1005# +00 ASP 

j Morwy La 6C2 BBT 

-05 048 
TO2 919 
-26 255 
+03 150 , 
+36 253 


S/rt Dal GM Ftxtd 646 856® +1 1 OJ0 

Yra CB ORTWIlDf m f w ag i lftLTD ' 

MMear Haw. 08. Khgraoy. Loariori WC28 

01-400 0331 

Crai ft Equity * *8* 026 TO3 t .» 

toeome . fii0 GO +16 5A8 

Growth -606-535 +0.1 26* 

• Ex dMaend. e Cum rtridond k Curt 
stock split. ■ Ex stock so*, ri Curt 0 
tany two or mora of abnO). a Ex'ol (aw 
two or mora at above). Dealing or 
vrtuanr dan: (tl uondfty. <2)Tu05d«y- 

(20) 25tti of momh. (2T) 2nd Thursday rt 
month. (28) 1st Bid 3rd WednostUy <f 
numb. (23) 2001 of month. (24) 3rd 
Tuesday at monfli. (SB) 1st and Sra 
Thursday .of north. (26) ft* TuBsttayJ; 
monm. C&I is* le/bdnesdsi at month. (25 
Last Thursday ot month. E9) 3rd wortang 
dayot month. 00)16* ofmorth. (31)1* 
. wwdng dw ot momh. (32) 20» ot mon*- 
(33) in day of ftobmary. May, August 
rtowmtw. (M Last sorting oj 
month. «) IMi of month. (36) 16* Oj 
mon*. (37J Z1« of montfL 
Wednesday ot men*. 09) art 
Wednesday tf-morthr- (40) Wrtufl 
RKJrtfdy. (41) (59t Thursday at Stock 
&&1SM0 account (42) LWt day * 
mxi*. (43) *rt and 4* Vtadnesday « 
mown. fft« Ouanfflly. (45) 6th o(. month- 
(66) 2nd TuGaday or morrtv.' 

• - ...' .ryJr* 






cash on the table 

direction, and wffl be jnst as 
effective if they arc imfcpen- 
<*“*■ ft comes to 

I SmifiS3S. tekcson raising capital, if they are at 
I a Q pea Z ■** U they should 

ance. Toe cash alternative of have no difficulty. 

400p per share is l Op abcm s . The t»n * nmv r 
the present market 

With plenty of scope for 
growth, profits are likely xo 
cominue their steady rise. 
But for the moment earnings 

E - share are being held back 
a rising tax charge. In the 
t half this stood at 38 per 
cent, against 32 per cent the 
previous year. This should 

attractive: In r" J \ w,w **7 r "" " H "" . tu 001 deflect the qxnlight for 

e^Fv^i sL~? n8e l . for be given out, bat a profits long. 

shai^.the share- forecast showing bow share- Tnl*^ PaoaM 
J»Wor win receive a total of holders mTStfitnw finm John GOFett 
six shares m five separate 

companies, the dismembered 
parts of ExteL . r . 


The ban is now in ExteTs 
Ti.„ y— court. Unfortunately, the 

*»*ff takeover code does not allow 
oett altered to make it more any more new information to 

holders are benefiting from 
the earni ng arrangement 
would have been 


Highland Distilleries is about 
to move from the wingsto the 
stock market’s centre stage. 
After the takeover of Arthur 
BeS last year and the virtual 
certainty that Distillers will 
lose its independence in the 
next few days. Highland will 
be the biggest independent 
whisky company, offering 
s h a reh olders a direct invest- 
ment in the industry. 

The problem is that High- 
land is not used to the 

Rationalization of tile invest- 
ment trust sector is proceed- 
ing apace ahead of mg bang. 
Yesterday. John Govett an- 
nounced the agreed merger of 
two trusts under its 


Govett Atlantic, the 
of the two, is 
Govett Enterprise, 
already owns 63 per cent of 
Enterprise’s ordinary shares, 
but it is offering just under 
asset value for the rest. 

Its cash offer is pitched at 
96 per cent of asset value, 
with the share offer worth 90 
per cent The precise value 
will be -worked out later but 
based on a current asset value 
for Enterprise of 209.6p a 
share and Atlantic’s share 

This comprises one share 
each in the printing, advertis- 
mg, publishing and computer 
systems businesses, and two 
shares in the care 
information services busi- 
ness. These shares wffl be 
separately listed on the Stock 
and the argument 
ts pat forward by Demerger 
that the value of the mpi of 
thee parts will be greater than 
the whole. 

Unless this bid flushes out 
a more conventional offer 
during this week, sharehold- 
l-m may be tempted to take 
' the cash . Demerger will then 
separate out the five compo- 
nent parts of End and in 
about two months they will 

be quoted indivkiualiy ontire 
Stock Exchange. 

At that time the former 
shareholders can deci de 
whether they wish to reinvest 
ip any or all of the former 
Extel companies at the new 

market-price. . _ «*, 

In this way, foe underwnt- milbon before tax for the six Enterprise's shares is too 
era. (whose identities are not ninths to February^ 28, jap small This problem could 
disclosed) will bear the costs from £4.47 mfition. But, if it theoretically be resolved if 
| -associated with the deaL were not so conservative; Atlantic had reduced its hold- 
They may also benefit from profits could have been about in fc so putting more shares on 
any initial nse in the values of £1-6 million higher. This is the but this would 

because Highland has chosen have resulted in Atlantic 

^ t 5S 50U ^ for £ < ?f , K! 1 * hawiD & a loss on the deal 
!£? whisky bot- because tire Enterprise snb- 

tier andbtender, m which it jridiary is valued mitsbel- 
has a 35.5 per cent stake, as ance sheet at its asset value 
an associate, but to take rather than at its market 

spotlight. Whereas most 
stockSiket companies tend 

to blow their own trumpets at 

every available opportunity, <*worth201pa share and the 
Highland {days down its 

Its accounting policies, for 
example, have the effect of 
s ignificant ly reducing 
results. Yesterday 


shares in Atlantic for each 

Enterprise share. 
While ti 

the merger should 
eliminate administrative 
costs of possibly £100,000 a 

: — ~z— year, foe main reason is said 

land reported profits of£5.03 to be that the market in 

the individual shares if the 
| 'market deckles that the w»m 
of the parts is indeed worth 
more than the whole: 

HxteTs nwm«g Rm f >i f re- 
mains implacably opposed to 

this offer, despite assurances dividend income into profits p rice. 

that the entire 
wifl remain in place after the 
deal Extel argues that it 
I breaks up foe cohesive nature 
of the group, that the new 
companies will lade motrva- 
I fion, direction and the access 
to capital that they can only 
enjoy if they remain mem- 
bers of a larger group. 

Often, the manager of a 
small company is more high- 
ly motivated than the em- 
ployee of a large group. 
Presumably, the individuals 
running the companies at 
present have a strong sense of 

, In tire past 12 months. 

With the company’s meth- Enterprise’s shares have trad- 
ed the prospective earnings ed at an averag: discount of 

multiple is more than 15, 
which makes tire shares look 

20 per cent, two points less 
than Atlantic. That di fferea- 

CTpensrve. But the multiple rial presumably reflects the 
fells to less than 12 if the smaller market in 
more normal method of ao Enterprise’s shares ^ 

counting is used. Both cafcu- item the under! 
lations assnme that Highland turns as then- 
will report £10.5 million for 
the year and are based on 
yesterday's share price of 8 Ip. 

Highland underplays the 
strength of its balance sheet 
almost as much as its profit- 


very similar. 

One result of the deal is 
that Govett has unwound its 
last remaining cross-bolding. 
It is left with three trusts, 
none of which have shares in 
the others. 

Rolls-Royce aero engine orders soar 

RoOs-Royoe, tire aircraft en- 
gine company which is to be 
^ privatized within the next 

* year, yesterday reported a 
sharp rise in demand for civil 
aviation engines with orders 
worth more than £300 million 
in the first three months of 
this year. 

■ The improvement comes 
\ after several depressed years 
in the civil aviation industry. 
Daring the early Eighties 
Rolls-Royce's total civil en- 
gine orders were below £250 
milli on in a full year and last 

• year the figure was undor £400 
- million. 

The new business includes 
' engines for Boeing 747s, for 

By Teresa Poole 
British Airways, Qanfas, and 
Cathay Pacific, another 200 
Tay engines for the 
Gnlfetream IV business jet, 
and 535 engines for British 
Airways and the Royal Nepal 

The full year's civil turn- 
over is expected to reach £900 
million, compared with £650 
million last year. 

Rolls-Royoe holds about 25 
per cent of the world civil aero 
engine market and has been 
expanding its range to offer 
engines for all sizes of 

also been an 
increased number of collabo- 
rative ventures, including the 

risk and revenue sharing deals 
with General Electric of the 
United States 

Rolls-Royce said yesterd ay 
it is now researching a new 
type of passenger aircraft en- 
gine. The research, in part 
nership with General Electric, 
is . based on design principles 
developed for the World War 
Two Shackleton engines. 

Rolls-Royce, which had to 
be rescued by die Heath 
Government in 1971 because 
of the costs of developing the 
RB211 engine, next week 
reports its 1985 results which 
are expected to show a marked 
improvement on !984*s £26 
million pretax profits. 



More than just a 


Alexanders Laing 

&&ukksnank Holdings Ltd 

for further MoatrOhOn oleosa eo r riouf Anthony Crona t 


Mercantile House Group 

Change to 

By Lawrence Lever 
Mr Michael Howard, Min- 
ister fin- Gossamer and Corpo- 
rate Affairs confirmed 
yesterday that he would seek 

to reverse the amendment to 

the Fiaaurial Ser rice s Bfll 
which awkes the Securities 
and Investments Board the 

sole body to which (he powers 

rf regulation of investment 

businesses can be delegated. 

. Bat he made it dear that he 
was not seeking to remove the 

additional prosecuting ami in- 

vestigative powers given to the 
SIB through amendments to- 
trod seed at the Committee 

dose to the SIB 

said yesterday that it 

likely (hat these new powers — 
which give the board both the 

‘ jit and duty to prosecute 

fences such as ope 

investment business 

authorization or mdhg false 

■w) Misleading statments to 

investors — would 


Mr Howard also indicated 

that he would be prepared to 

grant some legal humnnity to 
setf-regnlatory organizations 

and to ensure that the Bill 

fixity recognized that dealings 

with professionals should not 

be. over-restricted by prori- 

sfous aimed at protecting 
members of the public. 

Mr Howard said that be was 
‘reasonably confident” of se- 
curing the reversal of the 
amendment which expficxty 
names the SIB ia the BQL The 

amendment was successfully 

introduced at die committee 

stage by Mr Anthony Nelson, 

Conservative MP for 
Chichester. - 

The Bill in its original form 

allowed the Secretary of State 

to delegate most of bis powers 

to one or more 

ag e ndas. 

At the moment the SB is 

the only designated 
envisa g ed, bat Mr 
inrfira frd that in ha re ft 
might be appropriate to trans- 

fer certain powers to another 
body capable of acting as a 

designated agency. 

‘The effect of toe amend- 
ment fa to limit the ability of 
the Secretary of State to 
transfer his powers to another 
agency. But this is a very 

important aspect of the ac- 

co m riaMB t yof the Deti g pat ffd 

Agency, he said yesterday, 
‘The powers ef p nMecwtfan 
and wider powers m investiga- 

tion raise a amuhci of ipirr- 
tioas ef principle. Thb fa not a 
gnestfan ef new p u w tra bring 
crested aad I am stffl ponder- 
these fanes,” he said, 
to the question of legal 
immmuty Mr Howard said 
that he was “giving specific 
aspects careful consideration ■ 
aad was “confident that we 
shall be able to arrive at a 
s atisfactory arrang e ment on 

He Indicated that 

wo&MpntoaMyreuuiB vulner- 
able to actions bought against 
them by a member of toe 
public. However, it was Kkely 

that a level of immunity wonld 

be granted against attempts by 

members of the pablic to make 

the individBab serving on toe 

staff of an SRO personally 

liable for actions carried oat in 
then- official capacity. 

The International Securities 
Reg ula tory Organization — 
ISRO — has been seeking to 
win legal immmiity for SROs 
Oder the new regulatory sys- 
tem for financial markets. 

ISRO has also been arguing 
that many of the BilTs provi- 

sions should not apply to its 
members as the vast bulk of 

their business was between 
professionals, aad not. with 
members of the public. 

Mr Howard said yesterday 
that he was not convinced of 

the need to define the term 

professional in the B3L He 

added, however, that be 

“fully a wa r e of the need for 
prefessioaal markets to be 
regulated is a different way 

from markets in which anti- 

nary members of - the pubfic 

Mr Howard, trim had re- 
cently retarued from a visit to 
Japan, said that be had held 
toogh talks with toe Japanese 
authorities on toe question of 
reciprocal access to financial 

rod of titis year. T 
convinced that we shall se 
progressive opening up 
Japanese markets to Brh 
financial hoBses” he said. 


Saatchi issue hits shares 

A big funding operation by 
Saatchi & Saatchi. combined 
with the uncertain situation in 
the Middle East, gave a rather 
unsettled start to the new 
accoun t yes terday. 

The FT30 share index fell 
by 1 2.6 points to 1399 J, while 
the FT-SE 100 share index 
slipped by H-0 points to 

However, another substan- 
tial bid is the engineering 
sector and numerous features 
prompted by weekend press 
comments continued to illus- 
trate the underlying mood of 

Gilts recovered early 
still supported by hopes 
another cm in bank base rates 
after today's Opec meeting. 
Leading shares dosed mainly 
lower, with international 
stocks not helped by the 
Chancellor’s defence against 
criticism of the ADR conver- 
sion tax. 

Imperial Group tumbled 
1 8p to 345p as United Biscuits 
placed 120 million imperial 
shares in the market at about 
338pi Hanson Trust fell 8p to 
177p, while United was 2p 
lower at 265p. 

A £406 minion rights issue 
to fund further expansion 
knocked 85p from Saatchi at 
855jx Suggestions that Alfied- 
Lyotts may launch a £500 
million cash-call to finance 
the Hiram Walker acquisition 
dipped 7p from the shares at 

Boots was a dull spot in 
lacklustre stores, 14p lower at 
258p, while fears of competi- 
tion from the Mercury System 
continued to upset British 
Telecom, 252p down 6p. 

ICI reflected the general 
trend at 932p, down 8p, but 
Glaxo, reporting interim fig- 

ures today, rose 1 8p to 103Spu 
Dealers are looking for profits 
of about £255 million. 

Distillers, for which the 
takeover battle reaches a cli- 
max this week, advanced 8p to 

Engineers were stimulated 
by the Evered bid for 
McKechnie, which recently 
fought off an approach from 
Williams Holdings. 
McKechnie closed 56p higher 
at 278p, with Evered up 8p to 
336p. TI Group lost 8p to S63p 
as doubts about a full-scale 
offer from Evered increased. 
Williams Holdings was 
marked up 1 7p to 67gp. 

Others to advance in sym- 
pathy were Weir Group at 
I54p, up I2p, Burgess I Op 
better at 206p. Pegjer hard- 
ened 5p to 590p, awaiting 
further developments after 
last week's approach from F H 
Tomkins. 7p easier at 3l6p. 

In firm builders, Taylor 
Woodrow jumped 23p to 57 1 p 
in anticipation of good results 
today, in contrast. Tarmac, 

reporting next week, lost 12p 
to 462pL Amstrad climbed 40p 
to 592p, after weekend com- 
ment on its US expansion 

Fears of toe competition 
upset Apricot at 92p, down 7p. 
Recovery prospects strength- 
ened Chloride at 5 1 p, up 6p. as 
well as John Brown. 3p better 
at 27p. 

Bowalcr. with figures today, 
dipped Sp to 316p, but in 
textiles X j Dewhirst celebrat- 
ed good profits and a 20 par 
cent scrip issue with an 8p rise 
to lOOp. 

Confirmation of last week's 
rumoured acquisition clipped 
6p from Ellis & Everard at 
223p. Trafalgar House put on 
5p to 3l7p on news of 
substantial contracts in the 
Far East. 

CmmeBs Estate Agents suf- 
fered a 3p feu to 240p on the 
£6.5 million rights issue. 
Boase Massimi PoBftt im- 
proved 8p to 357p on winning 
the Dulux account. 

Oils were brighter ahead of 




Brookm oun t (1, 
Chancery Secs .. 
Conv 9% A 2000 
Granswtec M (95p) 
DiaJane (128p> 
Farguson fJ) (1-, 
Gokt Qm Trot (I 
Granyte Surface 
Inoco (55p) 

JS Pottiotogy (160 p) 
Janfe Porter (lOSp) 
JOearfokJ (1l8p) 

Lae intt (iaOp) 
Laxicon (M5p) 
Macro 4 (10^>) 
Merivaie M (lisp) 
Norank Sys (90p) 
Reafiy Useful (330p) 
SAC IntS (lOOp) 

205 +1 
£31*2 -•« 
91 +15 
283 +2 
181 S 

331 +3 

SPP (I25p) 
Templeton (2T5p) 
Sigmex (10lp) 
Snowdon 8 B (97p) 


Tech Comp (1 
Underwoods (1 
Welcome (1. 

W York Hosp 
Wicfcee (140M 


Bensons Crisps HIP 
Ctftens PJP 

NMW ‘ 

Comp F IP 
chad F/p 
D rug hip 

Share Drug H/P 
Turner a NewaK N/P 
wetes F/P 

(Issue pdee to brackets). 




















the Opec meeting. Burmab, 
still reflecting recent good 
figures and the sale of the loss- 
making terminal, improved 
I2p to 377p. 

IC Gas, stiD hoping for alad 
from Peuofina, added 8pio 
42 Ip, while Petranol jumped 
2 1 p to 72fe afro on speculative 

In this trading, Manchester 
Ship Canal was hoisted 33p to 
57 3p. Good Relations, al ISOp, 
rallied 12p after the fell which 
followed last week’s foiled 
merger talks with Valin 

Wedtead press recommen- 
dations motoded Mitehefi 
Somers, ca I08p, Chamberlin 
A HEB 103p, Loudon Park 
Hotels 492p, Garton Engi- 
neering 9Sp and Granyte 9 ij 
all between 12p and 

BarrA Wallace Arnold “A" 
rained 19p to 13Sp as Mr W S 
Yeats inoeased his stake to 
over 5 per cent. HHIsdown, 
which bra raised its holding in 
its trid target, S&WBerisford, 
lost 7p to 306p, but Hillards 
was narked up 17p to 225 pon 
su gge sti ons of a bid from 
Sansbury. Expansion news 
boosted Shandwfck I8p to 

In quiet banks, Hambros 
continued to attract ^lecula- 
tive support al 290p, up 19p, 
while the completion of a 
broking acquisition lifted 
BrownStipky 3Sp to S35p. 

Life msnrances returned to 
favoftr, with Legal A General 
leading the way at 764p, op 
25p. Hading hopes ofa bid left 
Loorho another 6p down at 

Growth prospects excited 
Camuw Street Inve st m en ts at 
1 25p — up 9p — and Sherwood 
Computer celebrated doubled 
profits witha l7priseto212p. 

Mercury to undercut BT by up to 20% 

By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 

Telephone users were yes- 
terday promised a cheaper and 
better quality service try Mer- 
cury Communications, the 
Cable and Wireless subsidiary 
licensed by the Government 
to challenge British Telecom's 

Mercery said its alternative 
telephone network would start 
next month, offering “signifi- 
cantly cheaper and superior 
quality” telephone calls. 

Initially the new service 
would be offered to business 
users only but residential cus- 
tomers would be able to plug 
into the network by the end of 
the year. 

Mr Gordon Owen, Mer- 
cury's managing director, said 
savings of up to a fifth on 
inland trunk ail* and aro und 
17 per cent on selected inter- 
national calls would be 


Residential customers 
wonld be able to use Mercury 

via their BT lines towards the 
end of the year, Mr Owen said. 
But to do so, they would have 
to buy a special Mercury 
telephone at a cost of £30 to 
£40 and pay a £7.50 a year 
“authority charge” on top of 
their British Telecom rental 

Mr Owen estimated that 
even so, it would be worth- 
while for a residential tele- 
phone user to become a 
Mercury customer, provided 
his telephone bills now aver- 
aged more than £90 a quarter. 

The savings on trunk and 
international calls would pay 
for the Mercury telephone 
within a year, he said. 

Launching the new service, 
Mr Owen said it offered 
telephone users a choice of 
carrier for their national and 
international calls for the first 

He refuted suggestions of a 
price war with BT, saying that 

with the market growing at toe 
rate of 5 to 10 per cent a year, 
BT would be foolish to try to 
compete with Mercury's 

“It would cost British 
Telecom a lot more to slash 
their prices on long-distance 
calls than to just leave us alone 
since in the medium term our 
share of the market will be 
quite small, ~ be said. 

Mercury was aiming to 
capture some 5 per cent of the 
£8 billion a year tdecomm uni- 
cations market by the end of 
the decade and estimated that 
as many as 3 million of BTs 
customer base of 22 million 
lines might want its service: 

The new service is bong 
offered initially only to big 
business customers that can 
plug directly into Mercury’s 
figure-of-eight fibre optic ca- 
ble network linking Birming- 
ham with Leeds and Manches- 

ter in the North and London 
and Bristol in the South. 

From September, the new 
network will be made more 
widely available in the busi- 
ness market, enabling custom- 
ers to make «»ik through 
Mercury via their BT lines. 
The process of using Mercury 
through a BT line will be done 
automatically, using a gadget 
called a “smart box” which 
will be installed with the 
customer and will mean no 
more dialling than with an 
ordinary BT calL 

The special Mercury tele- 
phone, allowing residential 
use of the Mercury system, 
will become available towards 
the end of the year. 

Under a far-reaching ruling 
by Professor Bryan Carsberg, 
Director-General of Telecom- 
munications, BT is forced to 
connect calls between its own 
network and Mercury’s. 


Distillers r 

share price 
worth 1 




Guirmess ^ 

bestandfinal , 
offer worth « 

77 * 










I 1 — 

Suinness i 

higher by * 




Adam & Company. 


Na Wtetmmster 11150% 

Bank of Scotland — 11,00% 

11 . 00 % 

mark NA. iiuoa 

t Mnil^er Bae Bn. 

Continents Trust - 
Co-operative Bank. 
C. Hose & Co — . 
Lloyds Bank. 

F lain hsu'J ,4i i he nurlri pri^L-- .it 5 lOpn Miwulw 

The Guinness offer is unanimously recommended by the Board of Distillers. 

The closing date is April 18th at 3pm. 


I V"" L,d !>** of Pic The Direcinr* of Cu.n^ PLC *c p™, 

Tiniained m rfu& Ln0v>kder and belief ihsvme uUn all wimimH* carr rr> rtikurr rlur mch is rfv catrl *hr miamianfn 

- . **TV - <hc fero The three**. o» PLC a,<n- «wW»* «««*„ R tv 

ZfZl™ ° U ^ rVS Wsummg acrepiancc m full k all DmBr. -tu rrh.Urrs.« the CAmrn*Je Preference Sh» 

1 i— a- - . n. * a .h. fisssjssjcs *■ 




World lined up for metal mastery 

Any suggestion that the 
outlook for metal prices is 
brighter could easily invite 
ridicule, and care is needed in 
these matters. After sis clini- 
cally depressing years during 
which real prices touched 
possibly their lowest ever, 
optimism in the industry is at 
a premium. Yet the omens are 
better than Delphic. 

London Metal Exchange 
copper, alumiiu'ura and zinc 
all recovered in the first 
quarter of this year from the 
despond of the previous three 
months. Against that, nickel 
has barely held steady and 
lead has "performed like the 
proverbial balloon composed 
of that material Tin, which of 
course was expelled from the 
LME in disgrace, is in a class 
of its own. 

But all wisdom, as we know, 
does not reside in the LME. 
Phelps Dodge has lived to 
fight another day, and last 
week's figures from Rio Tinto- 
Zinc prove that not every 
mining company is in dire 

World economic activity 
was looking dependable, if not 
exhilarating, and has been 
given a shot in the arm by the 
extraordinary collapse of oil 
prices. Partly as a result, the 
prospect for inflation and 
interest rates is promising. 

So there is now a respect- 
able case for arguing that it is 
not a matter of whether metal 
prices will rise, but when — or 
rather, when the fact will be 
broadly accepted. That will 

take care of ilseiC although it 
is worth entering the caveat 
that a boom is unlikely. What 
will be less obvious is the 
consequences of a general rise 
in metal prices. 

One important conse- 
quence. it is said, will be an 
acceleration of the drift of 
mineral production, smelting, 
refining and even fabrication 
from developed industrial 
countries to developing and 
industrializing competitors. 

Percentage shares in total mine production 
(tons of contained metal) by economic regions 




Iron ore 




1965 1980 



































































These thoughts are prompted 
bv a publication from the 

by a publication from the 
Croup of Thirty written by 
that veteran of metal booms 
and busts. Sir Roderick Carne- 
gie, chairman of CRA. 

Sir Roderick points out 
that, between 1965 and 1980, 
developing countries in- 
creased their share of world 
mine production of copper, 
iron ore and nickel. Their 
shares of lead and zinc were 
fairly static. Only bauxite fell 

But peering into the next 
decade, the trend will be 
reinforced. Developing coun- 
tries will hold on to their 
market shares in lead, zinc 
and bauxite, and strengthen 
their grip on copper, iron ore 
and nickel. 

This pattern implies that 
the developed world's mining 
industry is in secular decline, 
the chief victim being the 
United States. The exceptions 
arc Australia and Canada, on 
which much exploration in- 
vestment has been concentrat- 
ed. even during the slump, 
mainly for political reasons. 

I 3 Industrial development 
D * Developing economies 
CP = Centrally planned economies 
Source = Adapted from World Bank 

Minerals are an important 
economic sector in these 
countries, but they could be 
hard pressed to compete with 
developing countries whose 
wages are lower and whose 
companies may be publicly 
owned. About 70 per cent of 
copper production in develop- 
ing countries, for example, is 
slate controlled. 

The trend away from devel- 
oped to developing countries 
is also evident in metal pro- 
duction or smelting, as dis- 
tinct from mining raw 
material. Over the 20 years to 
1 980 the developing 
countries' share of copper 
smelting rose from 23 to 34 
per cent The comparable 
figures for aluminium, zinc 
and steel were between 6 and 
20 per cent between 14 and 23 
per cent and between 1 1 and 
24 per cent respectively. Over- 
all. about a third of Western 

smelting capacity is in devel- 
oping countries. 

As production shifts, so wfli 
trade. Trade now in copper 
ore and metal is essentially 
from the developing to the 
developed worlds. With 
aluminium business it is 
mainly between developed 
countries. Iron ore is mixed 
because the biggest exporters 
are Australia. Brazil and Can- 
ada. But two factors are likely 
to increase the developing 
countries' share of trade. 

The obvious one is that 
these countries will become 
bigger producers. But, para- 
doxically, they win also be- 
come bigger consumers. Just 
as one ofthe major changes in 
the pattern of world trade has 
been more traffic between 
developing countries, so a 
higher proportion of develop- 
ing countries' minerals and 
metals output wffl go to other 

enwell Montagu & Co 

On 14 April 1986, the stockbrokers 
W. Green we 11 became a wholly-owned 
subsidiary of Samuel Montagu and thus a 
member of the Midland Bank Group. 
The name of the company has been changed 
to Greenwell Montagu and Co. 

For Equities 

Private Clients Ctvporele Finance 

For Gilts 

Row Bells House 
Bread Street 
London EC4M 9EL 
Telephone 01-236 2040 

Suffolk House 
5 Laurence Fountnev HOI 
London EC4R0EU 
Telephone 01-283 3060 


A member of Jhe Midland Bank Group 

1 hi.Jrtvrnivfliriii |.>. I hWI. Hull*— -* 1 |M .V Siir. 1 jmrtnl Jiirt J I1> nn «. kirtT i'.i- *. i V im TniM Fli'.IV I •‘Tf’*** TnM Ilf. .in- lh>- prrwn*. 
n-pnn.iliWiirllii iiili«ii.ili.>iinilil.iiiHiliiillii* i |ili«i'i-'nirrt.n,llirS-M.*llii^liii""«li , ilia'«iill» , M|li.i»«i«liiirflall»*sr4»liaMrr«n , l»p|iMiiTllial^ii1ii*lhf , »aM*jfcr»iliinn*liiiiioil(l4«w4io 
till . .nil m i %mi.-ut i. in . 1 , mnb m >■ it lift like -titl. Oir |hm t*m. irfl t<ir-in Tkm« PI t. «rr|H r—puiMhihft * nwliaah. 



The United Biscuits offer for Imperial has now lapsed. 
The Hanson Trust offer is the only offer available and it 


next doses on Friday 18 April* at 5pm. To accept the 
Hanson Trust offer send in the green acceptance form.** 


4 Unless by then it is unconditional as lo acceptances. “The cash alternative is no longer available. 

countries at a si miliar stage of 


The argument is borne oat 
by the developing countries’ 
rising share of consumption. 
Take aluminium, the modern 
metal. Between I960 and 1982 
demand in developed coun- 
tries grew by an avenge 5.6 
per cent a year, while in 
developing countries it went 
up almost twice as quickly. 
The outcome was that over 
the same period the develop- 
ing countries’ share of 
aluminium consumption 
jumped from 5.4 per cent to 
more than 12 percent 

It is true that the old 
relationship between growth 
in gross national product and 
metals consumption has bro- 
ken down. Technological ad- 
vances, energy efficiency, 
materials substitution and the 
decline of manufactured 
goods (especially metal goods) 
as a proportion of GNP, have 
taken their tofl. 

To some extent, the same 
forces are working in develop- 
ing countries. Nevertheless, 
the much faster growth rates 
•of the developing economies 
at a lower absolute level of 
development win continue to 
push up their share of world 
metal output and trade. 

Higher metal prices win be 
critical to the process. They 

are a fevouriteX promoting; 
exploration which would only 
be profitable at much higher , 
prices in developed countries, 1 
and providing the incentive to , 
expand output from mines 
which alrcaoy enjoylhe lowest 
marginal costs (Chilean cop- ' 
per is the compelling 

will encourage developing 
countries to procure more of 

countries to procure more of 
the value added For example, 
by undertaking more smelting 
and refining and even fabrica- 
tion (aluminium components 

emerge, it could have two 
further intriguing conse- 
quences. The nrst would be 
the appearance of Third 
World companies, perhaps to 
rival the Western mining gi- 
ants. By no means all of 
developing country produc- 
tion will be in the hands of 
Western multi-nationals. 

Who is prepared to bet that 
South Africa's great mining 
houses will not have a change 
of owners, forcibly or other- 
wise, by the mid-1990s? 

The second consequence 
could be the start of metal 
markets in developing and 
metal-producing countries. 
Why should they continue to 
price their output on Comex 
or die LME? The presence of 
these exchanges in London 
and New York at least partial- 
ly reflects a world that has 
either passed or is passing. A 
thriving Brazilian futures 
market would, indeed, set the 
cat among the pigeons. But 
then care is needed 
Outlook for Mineral Commod- 
ities. by R H Carnegie. Group of 
Thirty. New York, 1986. 

Michael Prest 

Burchell to be Burmah 
Oil Exploration chief 

Bnnnah Ofl Exploration: 
Mr Michael BnrcheB has been 
named as chief executive and 
managing director. 

National Inspection Coun- 
cil for Electrical Installation 
Contracting: Mr Jim Fallen 
has been made chairman. 

Hill Samuel & Co: Mr Peter 
J Donald has been named as a 

Howden Group: Mr ABB 
Cheek has become deputy 
managing director, and Mr J 
N Allison has joined the 
board. Abbey: Mr Peter Bar- 
rington Meyer has been 
named as a non-executive 

The Burton Group: Mr 
David Carrel! has been made 
personnel director, financial 

Logics: Mr Graham Moore 
is to be finance director. 

Bo water Zenith Windows: 
Mr Michael Rigby has be- 
come marketing director, Mr 
Graham Mcdcroft personnel 
director, Mr John Ward fi- 
nancial director and Mr Chris 
Dix production director. 

Torvac Processing Group: 
Mr Geoff Streets has become 
marketing director. 

Burston-Marsteller UK: Mr 
Jem Milter, Mr John Birch, 
Mr Tim Foster, Mr John 
Fowler, Miss Jane Lyons and 
Mr BSl Qnirke have joined 
the board. 

I P Sharp Associates: Mr 
Bernard Barnett has been 
named as European managing 

Mowiem Property Develop- 
ments: Mr Norman Hansom 
has been made a director. 

Household Mortgage Cor- 
poration: Mr Dmcan Young 
has been appointed managing 
director and chief executive. 
Mr Maxwell Packe has been 
made executive director, fi- 
nance, Mr John Robertson 
executive director, mortgage 
operations, and Mr Robert 
Weir executive director, trea- 
j sury services. 

Man dm (Holdings): Mr 
; Ray King has become deputy 

Graham Moore 

Norman Hansom 

managing director of Manders 
Industrial Coatings division, j 

Hepworth Ceramic Hold- 
ings: Mr F Sinclair Thomson 
is to be group chief executive. 

Rudolf Wolff & Co (1985): 
Dr Mo Ahmadzadeh has been 
named as a director. 

AGB Research: Mis Lynda 
Keen has become director of 
information technology. 

Blick International: Mr Ivor 
Watkins has joined the board. 

Acquascutum: Mr Stuart 
Hollander has become mar- 
keting director. 

Ove Arup Partnership: Mr 
Michael Sargent has been 
appointed to the partnership 

Law Report Aprii 15 1986 

Savage burglaries 

severe sentences 

If such a process does 
aeree. it could have two 

paging v O'Driscofi (James) 
Before Lord Lane. Lofd Oiief 
Justice, Mr Justice Russell and 
Mr Justice Faiquharson 
[Judgment delivered Apnl 1 4] 

The need to protect elderly 
and old people living alone who 
were increasingly selected by 
burglars for ravage, sadistic, 
cruel and gr^dy ^cks for 
stealing, was emphasised by tne 
Lord Chief Justice when pvm* 
judgment dismissing an appeal 
against a 15-year pnsoo 

It was not until 6 o dock the 
following morning that Mr Lo- 

C was disrovered by » crigh- 
He was taken to bosgtaj 
where X-rays show^ ^sstaiH 
to be fractured and his ngnt leg 
had been fractured. 

In sentencing the appellant, 
the late Mr Justice Tudor Price 
said that the attack was murder- 
ous in bis view. The appellant 
knew the victim was old and 
defenceless and his bouse hao 
been chosen for that very reason 
and he had been subjected » 
torture so that the appellant 

Tb? appeal was brought by could make fcm reveal where 
Jams O’ Driscoll aged 43, who his money was. The offen ce 
beral call? towff*** 

NIGEL: Figures in *000. Rev- 
enue for quarter to March 3! 
7381 (6779 for quarter to 
December 31)- Profit before tax 
920 (1662). Company expects 
that recovered grade will be at 
least be maintained in current 

quarter, though plans are made 
for an improvement. Despite 
the lower gold price of r22.000 

i kg. a further satisfactory in- 
crease in gold production and 
profits is anticipated. 

LINES: Directors say they are 
aware of substantial rise in 
company's shares, but that they 
know or no reason for it. 

AGENTS: Final dividend 3-2p, 
making 4_2p for 1985 (3.5). 
Figures in £000. Profit on 
ordinary activities before tax 
2,20*4 (1,745). Earnings per 
share, basic 10.94p (8.22), ad- 
justed 10.47p (8J2X It is pro- 
posed to raise about £6.59 
million net by a rights issue of 
3.334.509 new ordinary shares 
at 205p on one-for-four basis. 

has entered into conditional 
agreement to acquire the whole 
of the issued snare capital of 
FDS Microforms Holdings for 
£4.25 million, financed by a 

vendor placing, 

SERVICES: Results for 1985. 

Dividend 2p. matting 3p (2.75p 
forecast). Figures in £000. Profit 

before tax 6 36 (330). Earnings 
per share 12. Ip (6.6). Figures 
include a contribution to profits 
of £36,000 from Sherwood 

All conditions of the merger of 
Mercury Securities. Akroyd and 
Smithcrs, Rowe and Pitman and 
Mullens and Co have been 
satisfied or, where appropriate. 

waived, and the merger has been 

PUBLISHERS: Company has 
entered into a conditional agree- 
ment to acquire Croom Helm, a 
specialist academic book pub- 
lisher, for £3.5million — £2.48 m 
in cash and the balance by the 
issue to the vendors of 473,913 
ne w ord inary shares. 

• FTTZWU.TON: Company 
has agreed terms for the disposal ; 
of its subsidiary, Crowe Wilson 
and Co, to Capstan Investment. ' 
Fitzwilton owns 20.45 per cent 
of Capstan's ordinary share 
capital. The consideration is 
£1.1 million, representing the 
discharge of inter-company bal- 
ances and the realization of 

INGS: Final dividend 0.82p, 
making l.lp. Figures in £000. 
Pretax profit for 53 weeks to 
January i 7, 5.304 (4.007). Profit 
after tax 3.498 (2,644). Earnings 
per share 5.69p (428). Scrip 
issue of one-for-five ordinary 

• BOC GROUP: Holders of 
£21 millioQ of the 9 per cent 
convertible unsecured loan 
stock 2001/06 took the oppor- 
tunity fast month to convert 
into ordinary shares. A total of 
95.5 per cent of the original 
issue has been converted. 

dividend 1.7p. making 2.$p 
for 1985 (15). Figures in £000. 
Profit on ordinary activities 
before tax 914 (617). Earnings 
per share 8_50p (7.20). 

Final dividend 2p, malting 3p 
for 1 985 (2.5). Figures in £000. 
Profit before tax 1 .653 ( 1 .350). 
Earnings per share after tax 
and before extraordinary 
items 6.20p (5.15). 

— — . 

Bristol Crown Court by foe late 
Mr Justice Tudor Pnce.ou 
conviction of attempted bur- 
glary, robbery and causing griev- 
ous bodily hann with intent- 

Mr J.G Rees, assigned by the 

Registrar of Criminal Appeals, 
for the appellant. 

TICE. giving die judgme nt o f 
the court, said that foe appel- 
lant. with a co-accused named 
Gareth Farr, had been drinking 
and attempted to burefea boose 
in Cathedral Road, Cardin. 

The appellant smashed a pane 
of glass buz was unable to open 
the door and both men returned 
to the appellant’s car. 

Later that evening the two 
called at the home of the victim. 
Rank Logan, aged about 80, in 
Rumney. The appellant pushed 
fas way in demanding to know 
“Where’s the money* and hit- 
ting Mr Logan repeatedly with a 
hamm er on his bead, shoulders 
and his injured leg. 

Mr Logan told the appellant 
where to find a wallet containing 
£50. The co-accused fetched the 


The appellant then began 
hitting Mr Logan again on the 
bead, body and kg and 
said: “Cbme on where’s the rest 
of the money.” 

Mr Logan answered: “There’s 
no more, just kill me and get it 
over with.” 

The appellant said: “Don’t 
worry I can do that as welL” He 
also held a lighted gas poker to 
Mr Logan’s face. 

The co-accused ripped oat the 
telepone wires and both men 
tied up Mr Logan with wire and 
gagBprf him with a towd. They 
then left, taking with them the 
money, a leather jacket and 
other items. 

merit. That kind of conduct, 
unfortunately, was growing and 
when a man was found behaving 

as the appellant had behaved 
and leaving “that poor old 
gentleman in a wheelchair for 
the rest of his life” society had to 
call for punishment and for the 

protection of old people. 

The Lord Chief Justice said * 
that it seemed to titrir Lordships 
that the remarks made by Mr 
Justice Tudor Price were fully 

Not only in his exprfaace, but 
in the experience of their 
Lordships’ court, there was an 
increasing tendency for burglars 
to select as victims dderfy or old 
people living on their own. it 
was plain why. 

First, they -were not likely to 
offer very much resistance and 
the chances were that they had 
not inconsiderable sums of 
money concealed in their home 
which the burglars would be 
enabled to steaL 

Consequently it seemed to 
their Lordships that, in cases 
such as the present, where thugs 
selected old peop l e living alone 
as victims and snacked them in 
their own homes and then 
tortured them in onfer to make 
them hand over their valuables 
in such a savage fashion, then 
that was the sort of sentence 
which they could expect, what- 
ever bad happened in past cases. 

One hoped that that, in so far 
as lay in the power of their 
Lordships' court, might have 
some effect in protecting these 
rad folk from such savage, 
sadistic, cruel and greedy 

Whatever might be the 
circumstances surrounding the 
appellant or bis record, it had to 
be maria clem- that this sort of 
attack would attract that sort of 

When councils should 
be encouraged 
to invoke wardship 


la re L. H. (a Minor) 

Before Mr Justice Sheldon 
j Judgment given April 14] 

Local authorities should be 
encouraged to resort to the 
wardship jurisdiction for ju- 
dicial help m cases of difficulty, 
complexity, possible notoriety 
or where a stalemate had been 

Mr Justice Shddon so held is 
the Family Division when giv- 

ing reasons in open court for 
refusing to dismiss wardship 
proceedings initiated by Surrey 
County Council relating to a boy 
aged eight. The parents had 
sought to have the wardship 
proceedings d ism iss e d. 

Mr S.G Russell Flint for the 
local authority; Mr Alastair 
Pitblado for the parents. 

said that die boy was born in 
July 1978 and had been in the 
care of the local authority since 
August 1984. The parents both 
suffered from mental problems 
which bad meant that both had 
been in hospital on occasions. 

On December 14. 1984 the 
authority had assumed jarental 
rights by a resolution wnich had 
been confirmed by a juvenile 
court- The authority had de- 
cided that it would be in the best 
interests of the boy to be 
adopted and on August 9. 1985 
all access by the parents had 
been terminated. 

Thai access bad consisted of 
one short visit a fortnight. 

By that decision the parents 
had the right to apply to the 
juvenile court for an access 
order under section 12C of the 
Child Care Act 1980, as inserted 
by Schedule 1 ofthe Health and 
Social Services and Social Se- 

curity Adjudications Act 1983, 
and is November the juvenile 
court granted the mother an 
order for access ai times to be 
agreed between the council and 
the mother and to lah* place on 
neutral ground where possible. 

The local authority had been 

minded to appeal to the High 
Court but on further reflection, 
supported by the view of a child 
psychriatris: that access between 
the boy and the parents was not 
beneficial, the authority decided 

that in the best interests of the 
child the proper procedure 
would be to subordinate their 
parental rights to the wardship 
jurisdiction and invite the judge 
to dec i de all the questions 
relating to the child's future. 

hi the meantime the authority 
agreed that the parents should 
have access amounting to two 
hours every six weeks. 

The parents now sought to 
have the originating summons 
anick out on the grounds that 
the summons was an abuse of 
of court or that 
uie c bud should cease to be a 
ward of court as the juvenile 
court was seised of the matter 
un«r the provisions of the 
Child Care Act 1980. 

The parents’ case was the 
converse of A v Liverpool City 
Council (f 1982] AC 363JL 

.11 was submitted by Mr 
Pitblado first, that where a local 
authority had been entrusted by 
Parliament with the power and 
duty to make decisions as to the 
welfare of children there was an 
obligation to exercise (hat power 
without recourse to wardship 
proceedings save in strictly W 
ited circumstances; and seoond. 

that the wardship jurisdiction 
should not be invoked where 
Parliament had provided the 
juvenile or some other court 
with adequate powers with 
which to deal with the situation, 
particularly if there had already 
been re c ou rse to that jurisdic- 
tion. He argued that the powers 
of the local authority were not 
inadequate and the wardship 
jurisdiction should not have 
been invoked. 

His Lordship said that it 
could not be said to be ituerfer- 
ence with the decision of a local ’ 
authority if that authority was 
inviting the High Court to make 
the decision in question. 

His Lordship agreed with the 
observation of Mr Justice Dunn 
in /« reD(ll977] Fam 159, 166) 
that “far from local authorities 
being discouraged from apply- 
ing to court in wardship. . .they 
should be encouraged to do so”. 

It was significant and in his 
Lordship’s opinion to be ap- 
plauded -particularly in the 
current climate of public con- 
cern over the welfare of children 
— that local authorities had been 
turning to the High Court for 
help in cases of difficulty, 
complexity, possible notoriety 
or where a stalemate had been 

Accordingly the first sub- ~ 
mission was rejected. 

In support of the second 
submission reliance had been 
placed on the decision of the 
Court of Appeal in In re M 
a 1985] Fam 60). 

In that case there were pas- 
sages which, taken in isolation, 
suggested that the wardship 
jurisdiction was not to be in- 
voked if the juvenile court had 
adequate powers to deal with 
the situation. 

Those passages should not be 
taken out of context ami were 
not authority either for the 
proposition that the fact that a 
lower court had bear given 
adequate powers to deal with 
problems relating to the 
upbringing of a child should <5r 

exclude the wardship jurisdic- 
tion; or for the proposition that 
the local authority was pre- 
cluded from the wardship juris- 
diction because the jurisdiction 
of the lower court bad been 

In the present case there were 
strong reasons for the court to 
exercise its discretion in ward- 
ship proceedings. 

The juvenile court had de- 
layed and rendered the task of 
finding suitable adoptive par- 
ents far more difficult In addi- 
tion, the ambiguity 'and 
uncertainties of the access order +J 
raised doubts whether the ju- 
venile court appreciated .the 
issues and what would happen 
in the future. 

Those doubts justified a fade 
of confidence in that particular 

The child would remain a 
ward of court. 

SraKatois: Mr F. A. Stone. 
Kingston upon Thames: Triees 

Turner & Co, Guildford. 


- Westminster 

K fl k l R iley the solicitors 
tor tiie defendant were Roland 
Robinsons & Fbntons, Black- 
pool. acting through their Lon- 
don agents Allan Jay & Co. 

m i 

. - 

* ■>% 







i B |^&IT- - 

ill 1 1 iii M i ZZ 

« Md - Lya*B S 3 ? 
££«- # 
K?&- 1 

-7 118 

45 21-0 

*1 l 1 


sty g 
gsrs-s 1 1 
SSS—. « 

Greens K*“<3 


MirsKfl Thompson 

i . 40 

.. 200 

+S W3 

*& ia7 

-5 100 

+7 329" 

.1 70 

-2 72 

-2 103 

. 241 

-1 2.0 

I- 1 |8 

.2 6.0 

WnrVnd 744 

S* Brewem* 

Sd*5W» §?>, 


iSSv-d A- 3TO 

WMnU^ *9 

WdvrWWnS D 

voreig A 243 

.1 108 
*■. 41.1 

**. M 

to 71 e 

54 36 C 
113 7« C 

570 356 C 

370 2*6 C 
85 32 C 

75’i 03’. ( 
391 331 
SI 40 C 
172 121 
194 1GB 
3i6'i1B1’i I 
42 32 I 

4* SP 

303 208 I 
a* ihh i 
80 4fl 
225 ITS 

115 3 . 

to 1 . TiE 
m i7i 
240 188 
283 188 
19'i « 

371 255 
SB 83 
110 98 

118 95 
IID'i S’J 
OS » 
91 81 

BE 72 

Can snooresy 
Co* |Wa8 
Capo Hmui 
cqnx (7) 
C*« - 







sn. m 

Doboen W 

DonMan H 


% * 

n *z 
381 e+io 

18* *1 

etas* -a 

42 +3 

283 •*7b 

298 *6 


73 • ■■ 

225 *8 

110. •■►5 
OT -S 
232 »-l 

IS •& 
^ -y 

M 1 ) T 1 * 


100 +1 

102 -a 


u .Mia* 
te oiao 

11 1 22 M 3 

iii un-o 

tl 85 317 
S3 13 11 3 

ill &*iw 

12 1720* 

880 M 13j 
11.1 6.711-1 
aw 88 .- 

a* 3, to 

,a uiM 

81 U < & 

76 M. H 

1U MM 

ii ulu 

u uu 

03 19 128 
in* *2 10 1 

08 0174 

73 23 208 

74 73 115 

7.1 65 189 

7.6 7.8 75 
08n 18125 

S 7* 85 81."* 

SJ 73195 

*2 12 2 
-5 9* 


■ i ia mii ii Ww jj y dividend 

"Please make a noicor vourouuv 
fbrlbc weekly dividend of £8.«» m 

mow I - na_ 




s » . 





mm La* stc<* 

i"i •£« 

on*. Brf 
Pnce CK'Oa I' 0 "'' 

SHORTS |UmJor Five 

99'. 97 Tree* _3> '«[ 

qq-‘, 90 Eun 10'*'. 

iM'- 89'. irea* 15 * iw* 

"E g':SS ffAiMMB 
97\ 91'.E*di 2‘^ I S 

SRS® o'Sffi 

qEl 9C'a EjkCn 2\*% 19& 

f£KIB TSaUi 





i 991. 
l02'<# . ■ 

9S 1 " ♦'* 
ior* . 

J 98'" ♦> 
se ■* ♦ '* 

104 • . 
8 96'- 

1OT* wyi™“ iMT 95'- + '• 

rra >?E» ss-Vi 

r. w'&Sf w-n iw ’«;• 

iocv K!*I2E 197 MB 9’" *•* 

fiKEiSBSTsfc : 
wsSwssfi ilv’i 

i ?7 J.'iJm ini' •"■■ 

«ffi3s CT £g ,§-*••• 

104^ 92*-Tf»iB ^ 

five to fifteen years 

•SIlS-fSff’aR®* '«:-•♦ 
im S'iSS ’SI J?T’* 

1« 103 Tre» 12V* ioj.; 

Iw ' 94* Twi* 10% 'g3 |» ■ 

262 218 >» 
297 213 A« 
60 62 *« 
Ifil 125 AW 
489 331 B« 

377 284 Ha« 
icn it* Bar 
27 23 

182 12S M 
M OS Bw 
83 85 Bo) 

07S 875 B* 
708 S31 » 

2TO 2M 

92 73 an 

91 61 Br 

z9 ie fti 

71 56 Bn 

194 84 » 

27 IS flu 
110 65 c* 

83 a ft 
586 482 Cc 
*02 2B8 Cc 
198 124 C. 
10* 84 Di 

95 73 IX 

90 63 Ef 

91 » ft 

70 58 

88 ffl J 
91 60 6 

123 1O6 Q 
361 254 G 

105 95 H 

192 56 M 

68 42 H 

224 149 D 
610 428 H 
194 130 0 
355 =65 J 
428 296 l 
416 286 
105 78 l 

30 71 l 

413 290 l 
196 1=6 < 
230 178 I 
193 161 I 
136 99 I 

*35 304 
250 171 I 
27 23 I 

128 109 ' 
444 306 
920 798 
213 183 
208 118 
110 B7 
385 TBS 
650 440 
*S2 3*0 

ns iso 

278 188 
101 133'a 
374 22B 

101 87 

81 70 

516 342 
578 <73 

102 MO 

395 328- 
101 76 

175 ISO 
296 195 
288 V* 

60 58 
20* 174 
82 87 

55 *1 
448 314 
188 1=0 

Awre—cnw u 

«S5ire S * j 

nmioaa* i 

rpB areuwres 

ssswr* a •*«' 
tssr 1 ™ 

BsmSs^ Concrem 8 * *7 

I& 2 S? & 

SaWcin 873 ^ 

ftMOanaCtouaW' » • " 

S*At4W*» Du<»» » .J 

108 e-3 
tu :: 
ConOW Grp *3 

Cb*m*x 5J2 ^ 

SSr S s -. : 


: ssr 0 ^ % *; 

Si8 *«c 

ES& a jSU is •$ 

Jorrt* (J) S 3on» ^ -2 

“ S-tf « S '- 


UM* ( 7 J) ^ 

Marannb ,_Z 

33 TS,’ 288 +1 

ESTlSrer**! » 

iSSr.j«-i IS •*= 

■MwonM B80 

^£ Brtd ' 20B •♦< 

i» -* 2 

Poem 3™ 

"MG 52 .7 


KSS-— S .S? 

^rCren-n Jl'i’o 

stww S nsirer 101 * 

Satan M »* J ,. 

Taimac ** — 

Tsvtor woodroa 571 

Tibuy Orem 1 * 

Tran* 4 Amo* 

Tren. .£ 


S ‘A 



296 *13 

1U 4*194 3 

117 13 110 : 

0.1 0 2 ao 

11 as no 
11s =s i|« 1 

9_B 2S 131 1 

10J8 73 . . 2 

a .. 10 

IBS 5S 112 1 

S 4 14 412 

4* 19 21.1 3 

371 IB 138 ; 

218 43 93 ! 

U 3 14 110 

43 57 148 

*3 14 117 

..163 i 

41 U 75 

SJ 27T ’u 

a Sw 

211 4.1 11.4 

Bj 2 0 108 

85 S3 104 
as 98 123 
23b 34111 
17 53 11* 

43 5.4 108 
42 73 62 

5* 90 214 

13 19 143 

28 2.1212 
7.7 2.1 123 
SA 53103 
. . a .. 312 
2.4 IS 11.8 
93 43 113 
) 113 38 IBS 
83 17 117 

25.0a 73113 
103 23 »2-0 

103 24 11.7 
12b S3 73 

13 10 111 

103 1* MS 

17 15 197 
! IIS S3 116 
7.1 43 110 

54a 42 .. 

. ITS 42 117 
77 10 1*3 

14 1* . 

03 73 119 

a 90S 48 133 

. 117 13162 

os **153 
i 75 16 113 
* 43 *2 as 

114 10 12 

183 ao 1*3 
r 163 15183 
10 U 43117 
123 48 1* 

11 52 117 

- 10 aS tiSS 

' 62 7.7 172 

IB 11.7 J3 163 

f v yl 

« B3 i 

108 17 278 

M3 114 45 110 



41 1 
10 74 
79 13 
1.0 23 
U 47 
08 IS 
BJ 4T 
18 10 
123 73 
41 83 

14 73 

Si £ 
“ S 







897 60* 
350 2S1 
7*1. 651. 


Am Gan 

Con urn 



Lmdon 1 Man 
trim Uid to 
. Mvsb IMctsn 

208 -1 9 J 

SS - . 1 ® 

S28V ■■ «0 

290 •+S , » J-J 

303 2Z3 pws 
089 754 PruUmre 



ire s lEgggzr* 1 

jp 402 are Facw. 

•i m 

+7 31* 

*5 * 1-1 

S. 31* 

• »25 350 

•t ri %s 

*4 - 220 

>4 93 

+5 123 

’ 5* H 


■ -5 157 

' ,2 « 
% 111 

13 208 
83 111 

46 164 

13 323 
I 63 83 

48 381 
*.7 373 
23 21 S 
03 238 
S 3 104 

14 1*7 
4.1 103 
23 73 

i 41 173 
1 13 »S 
l «3 72 
| 48253 

■ 11 73 
I 23213 
r 43173 
TO 12 HI 




A in i i wonft 
MW Hume 
Bertuer t«p 
C waka 


hoy a Sane 


DO 8% 

237 *3 13 08 ■ 

_6 11S 03 If 

is a . S3 M w 

I J ■: 'S 

S • • i'3* 52 112 

i ^ 'm asi 

^ 1 U *3273- 

ado 117 -■ 


**6 „ 

nwrlrwtor PJ 

Watta BUM 
UMoam BMW 


W«npoy (Gaaigal 

104 S3 153 
Ui 18 73 

19* e-i 


17a 18 73 
13 1* 123 
14a 13 153 


*«3 a-a 

17 13 115 

46 23149 

chemicals, plastics 

AKZOHW Boarer fg). 

.% 199= I'® 5 * *'* 

':N199= '=:■ -■ 

0 % 1993 ' 5 S .‘ ' 

.% 1993 119 ’ 

S'.^vl 6 J 1993 »• • 



!SI IS- 4 - 

I 3 ='r n=‘- Treai »*% JIg-s 

102'. 67 Tinas 9% 

1*1 ^ 122 r Treat «■% '«| il.. 
13-. 111 'iEaen 13’*; > ;”S S 
£ T4'i BOnan 3% 1096 M 

MrSSSfS f S: 
r apr vx f 98 

i«7Yi=S'.Treas 1»'4% i|)g 

a-*’Sisa i 

lil'. 94'.. Con. WA 1999 in 

l 32 '« 111 '» Tfaa * 13 % 2000 ' 3 = 

136 62 

TBS 2*5 
160 140 
l*= 1«2 

30 IS 

163 127 

3 I?? 


448 330 
101 *• 79 
10 73* 
41 O 335 
113 102 
"25 179 
85 6= 

175 13*' 

3 =2 2i| 

51 S 
=”3 'S 

112 67 


Amarabam 3ra 

Anchor On"**' S® 

HTP lx= 

Bavar OMSO 07 


Brant Owns 1® 

a- Baniol 

drama W IS 

' C ' MW * __ 

! l“ 

; con iHwaoai 

r Ooda 25s 

} Do DM I 2 * 

: Eire * Enarere =10 

i ftSbmo Mamm J*7 

’ HSioS DMM g'- 

1 ino Orem no 9j® 

i sr 1 

9 pi**** *s 

I Reawoo* H«gs ® 

4': RrreoW 151 

6 USorte So**™" ,S1 

f usssrsr 1 is 

-8 83 


,.'l TOO 


-1 93 

*10 66 


*’ f 17 

.1 100 

160 128 * 
27 21 1 

381 330 I 
368 236 i 
128 103 i 
607 51* 1 

275 240 I 
lb'; 11': I 
336 230 I 
191 M5 1 
.108 99 

*100 1*6 

150 73 

78 5* 

187 1*2 
183 .60 
270 100 
253 1*8 
Z80 234 
293 22S 
195 151 
316 =S1 
263 228 
066 788 
=30 170 
320 101 
06 75 
567 <98 
292 =20 
110 6S 
95 50 

520 505 
785 4SB 
113 93 
200 ISO 
257 21S 
02'.- 88 
=92 =58 
184 152 
137 127 
246 157 
523 388 
418 344 
1K3 122 
193 154 
650 520 
380 2SS 
200 216 
289 2TB 
159 138 

ASDA44R 158 

AJpBM Ban* =7 

SflLd S 

> 0 * 

Bjtjc (Sorey Cl 275 
B4>fcar 6 Dotaon W*i 
Ban IAGI ^ 

ss I 



* 2 i l 

*1'i 2S 

4 11.1 

- 2 48 

e - 3 . 55 

+ '* 121 

-s' 97 

+3 ao 
■ -I S.7 

144 88 

210 1M 

148 S 

58 3* 
225 I® 

m - » 

62-; 50'r 

81 s 

128 S3 
121 94 

’S Sl 

175 135 
»1 2" 
368 328 
64 54 

226 «* 
S8 =60 

63 51 
183 126' 

But 6 WA 'A* J® 
Booeay 8 KuMa »0 
^WaMr 7® 

M LBSira '1° 


wnrew Ig 


Raal y *21 

$vn Hofctfay* 

SSretoonGp 3“ 

raSSi Hottour 5* 

■: Zenan 17 » 

*19 10JO 73 aa 

. c D . . 29 J 9 

t 79 SJ9 r\A 

5 iS-iSiS 
10 ? 

. . * 4 * 

_ aj &3 U 
+1 io"!fl«! 

•ii 7c? tiS 

•4 ™ 4S si 

•f Att* 

+1 5J6108 3fl 

1Z9b 133=4 
yn Z3«3 

25 J? :: 
f 7 *?V»S 
*S «S? 

43 1.1*3 

44 11= M 17 

Cam Mdng 773 

CMlMdi Dana* =70 , 

Do A' gg 

ST 4 “ 

fins, urn* a* 

Qa&s Curar 


• .. 2.0 

• 43 84 

• S 103 

• 4fl lO 

Him wwnn 

HaSawood Food* 798 

mums si 

HdhdOWI HB0* 
ftonre Fam ® 

Icatand fiwren j3/ 

k«* Sava 2» 

LBC6 C-lonn J) 1» 

tnve* [Gfi 90 

Uw fWIW Bio 

Minnows (Bwnard) 

treat Trade! 5«w» 1® 

Niatfn 1 Rareax* JW 

Pare .F«d* ^ 

^ re . Mac 500 


TrtCQ 32 

linigare “5 

UW , ?S 

Watson C Purer ,3 ‘ 

97 13 =03 
U 13=1* 
143 12=7= 
53 22 113 
11* 13 »? 
44 13 201 
63 20 182 
4.6 2* 83 
94 13 223 

63 2* 213 
21 20 153 

*3 *8 612 
17.1 28 1 83 

15.7 23 1f° 
73 73 153 
19 13=01 
10 15 15-1 
23 33110 
104 33 1*7 
52 28174 
54 4.0 133 
76 33 153 
174 8313.7 

•3 18=74 

4.1 28 208 

aa 8* ianad 

31* 53 1=3 

74 20 263 

12.4 44 183 
’36b 5.1 J38 
03 S3 116 

-10 *7.1 
*3 105 



aM 328 Grand Met *-® 

200 208 K*m«jy BraokW 
331 312 

49* 4*7 Lon PWfc Hgg *3?,, 

105 07 Preice 01 W HD» ■* 

79 SB'; Queens Mo« 7* 
aOS 375 S-i-ay Hoia»» A 3W 

TO i« ThomcMM Frew 189 

-3 13J3 11 M.1 

2 T ®a 117 
-a 16 1 43 168 

+17 143 28 21 1 

23 24 133 
-2 23 24 157 


227 e+8 

IBB *f 
*56 •-« 

378 a-a 

75 ”L 

484 -4 

8*1 e-s 

M2 • V 

67 -a 


74 112 *3 
63 26 233 
42 28 213 
133 10125 

11-lb 33 »2 
07 08 10.7 

14 11 183 

116 43 187 

15 25 182 
26 19 1*3 

114 *3 H* 

43 * 33 

83 13 183 

*3 8.1 82 
5.4 432*3 

23 12 83 
*3 44 183 

23 2* 113 
21 =4 152 
23 II 156 
38 03 185 
1.7 23183 
73 41 »17 

*3 43 M3 
S3 48 103 

117a =3=17 
9*3 15 i 

03 63 18 2 

13 *3 124 






106'- • - 
1=6'" . 
113 a+S'i 
in-- .. 
132-- • 


HC-- 9i‘« Trees 
IDS - 83 - Cc- 9 “J 
3T-. ZS-Crew 8% 
102 - 96 -C«n* ,9% 

136'. *17 -Trees '*> 
liO-i 9* . Crew ’J* 
rty. 103'. E«a 1=> 
109 M Tieas 9*% 
-.11*. 93'- T>e» iCT. 
137 « 115'. Treat l3'-*« 
i22-i 104 Traasll i" 
111*, 94.Treas HP. 
60'. *B'« Fund 3 ■% 
107*. 90 : 'Corw 9 ;% 
10r-. 90'- Com 9 £• 
I 16 >. J 0 "% 

133 lir-Tiaas 1=^% 
95'i 79.* Trass 84> 
126', 104’. Trees 1’ • * 
142 m-.Tw** 

71-- 57' Treat A 
93 76'. Trees 7>j% 

135 113'.E*»i 1=% 

llO'r -• 
IDS'. -» 
314 -•• 

135-- • 

J10-: -'• 




1J7'. .. 

122-. - " 
III s - 6 F-'* 

107'; a>- • 
116T. -'* 
133 0*S-. 
04-, -'. 
71 Y 
. 9T" 

134', .. 


53 4-7 18.7 

1V8 63 93 

III 43 145 

44 43 103 

0 . 1 a 03 «3 

103 *3 83 

KUn J4 117 
14 83 M3 
123 *5 183 

114 S3 120 
150 ||1M 
93 19 207 


S V' 



V '%7 



*6 38 • Comets _«*- 

41 '; 3 * . w* Ln 3 
s? . **■- Com 3 %> 
34 ■ =9 ■ Trees JT. 
Wi =* . GreiBASCT 
29 ; 2*'. Trees 2 P* 


1 1 Tims il =% 

1- Treas IL =*- '990 
1 1 Trees IL r« )9fc 
i .t.msiu <%= qo i 

I . Trees IL= ■*. 

! . Treaa 4..2A. OT5 


r Treas hj ■*« ®!i 
)'. Treas IL= =0J? 
7'- Tree* 22'> Wlb 
6'. Trees ilZ'." 1 . =0=0 


73 mk 



B a 

2 $ 


1*1 78 

141 T0‘i 

41 24-' 


"SO 193 Abed 'ran 239 

rt 65 amstercr iHenryi t* 

2<o =ea Aus m«« ^ 2™ 

12 '. S'- B*«Mnrenca CIO. 
j« 358 Ban* Oi Ireland *« 

+ . 0 Bar* lw« naM £8 
jaj rso Bank lbww Un =*o 

» 4 SankW&MWftl ft? 

^ *29 Bjrcay ^ W7 

Sn *10 Brorni »5»y W 
WB 4=3 UW"* «« 

S-, 2rt CB*» MartwBafl at-i 
<n 5 ■■ "so ' 

-5 150 i = 

170 35 


.5 110 b 

370 SO R«0 l*usw> 

1 -3 266 

-40 il= 

Jr, 33; B*« -S : ' 

« a. S? B*+ w ** 6, „. ' 

110'. 80 : oomnuaw* ^ 

«»»?«■ s 

» J S gs^ai * 

203 160 HaWfO* r3fl 

31 ™ ,?al522l *05 

430 333 Hil 'Samuel 


^ 565 »mwonB*nsre< -W 

677 439 ueyp* 37 

an s wanton J!L 

10 675 M reture Secs 

jc an vHowre _ rfc 

Mi =88 W £«»■ SIS 

535 672 Nat Were ff:, 

S JS S£ %* 

wassa 1; 

16-. 11 % Semdm s “ ■ 

-2 183 

*4 27 

24* 73 U 
B3 IS 153 

17 22 223 
M *3 183 

18.1 II 117 
U Id 103 
43 26 

18 13 150 

1 7 1.1 084 

13 1* 38* 

3* 26=55 

24 47 119 

19 27 |D 
128 193 J3 
173 20 925 

Ut »1« 
121 60 62 
73 63 11 4 
224 43193 

300 105 
608 4=1 

’i 0 2 

71 =9 
100 160 
191 79 

133 108 

*3 'S 

BO « 




130 2 
SO 130 
1® » 
389 2B9 
US 90 
B5J *70 
1=8 118 
91 7= 

71 61 

13 *3 
58 32 

JE, !3 

BSC " 

S2aVl 172 

□aws (Sodbayl Ji* 

sr J 

FH Qnalb S 

Ford Maor. 

oares (Frank DI J°* 

Qre-ML««- ^ 

gsruir’* - ! 


■^^uniDr W 

SreSrfS « 

a- SI 

7.1 4.1 183 
7.1 83 *3 

12 1.7 17.1 

13 61 103 

93* IS 143 
223 4-1 1U 

6.0 . 18 1*5 


64 18 .. 

60 29 80 

17 *8 1*3 

73 83 183 

a'e 13=03 
7 0 25 .. 

43 U 83 

S3 57 ■ ■ 


QucMHJ) g 

§£3nred(JonU) ® 

.. 613 
38 *3 113 

ill 31 98 


10 29 1*3 
15.1 M 213 
7 0 53 00 

117 23 124 

63 49 1*2 

e* 7.01=4 
37 59 . . 
3.1 SO 105 
0.1 02 1*2 

333 M3 

jr a 5r 

1*8 7 * 


13 * 1 » 




* * 17 4 *8 91 8 

118 b 63 2=8 

•* 7 S.S it *s? 
: a 15 si 

• ' »4 6* 2" 


04 1 I 338 

08 24=19 
17 29111 
86 11 121 
73 *314.1 
57b *4112 
79 79 06 
U 41 104 

77 . =09 

316 50132 
158 4.11J5 
13 29 373 

17 ^ li M 

58 103 B5 
. , • . , u 
128 03 9 .9 
'lO 21=03 

283 IS 

333 =6 

a s| 

173 86 

300 IBS 

472 *5* 

It 629 
BOO *70 
1H 110 

» m 

355 ao 

aws Book 



HO __ 
eoMB (Wml 
DO A' 

DnaO 'A.. ...... 

home CotF*“ 

nramreb Staid 

Trarey W 

Lire NMawpan 

• -«-r §3 

-a &i 

+10 139 
•S 323 
a .. 11-1 

•**. n-i 

B t lM 120 
-3 1*3 

1 •+'. 1*0 

- S ', 93 



431 300 BAT 
383 238 kaoanal 
W7 1=7 flornmnia V 


a 1 *2 13= 

5 5 83 103 

1*3 72 83 
183 3J 103 

jftJ *6 59 
s MO J? 7*3 
>fB 1 B 8 MO 
-5 IB 2*??2 
65 51 159 

137 30 105 
30 7 =4 15* 

310 190 AB Pact 300 

5S= 190 «n*Wfl MO 

99 Bi Atment ComouWn} « 
CC *3 Anan O 

300 205 Mann Como TO 

53 48 Aud« PdMjr Si 

2C5 1*0 ausSac 1» 

375 240 DEC 370 

118 94 BSH 113 

RCi 379 SowtArepe *86 

1 *:? ’ll 

S3 -= ... •. . - , 

43 13 110 

93 19 229 

1 • * : ,4 ,s 
^ i|? us 

03 53 7.4 
4.0 *J 10 | 

6 . 1 b 39 J 57 

23 2 7 103 

t* 21 75 

12 17 235 





'•’v: - 


* w>- 

'• >**■ 

Wm r 



Statement on the 1985 results 
by the Chairman The Rt. Hon. Lord Barber. 

P rofits before taxation of Standard 
Chartered PLC for the year ended 
31 December 1985 amounted to 
£268 million. The comparable fig- 
ure for 1984 was £240 million, 
after restating Standard Bank Investment 
Corporation Limited (Stanbic)as an asso- 
ciate for that year. The growth in pre-tax 
profits excluding Stanbic was 25% Profits 
after taxation and minority interests 
amounted to£133 million, compared with 
SICK) million, and the earnings per share 
increased by 32% to 85.3 pence per share. 

An interim dividend of 10.5 pence 
per share was paid in October and the 
recommendation of the Board is for a 
final dividend of 20.0 pence per share. 
Thus the total payment for the year is 
30.5 pence per share, which is cow red 
2.8 times by earnings. 

During 1985 Stanbic ceased to be a 
subsidiary' and became an associate com- 
pany as a result of its rights issue in 
which Standard Chartered did not parti- 
cipate; at the vear-end the Group share- 
holding amounted to 43%. Subsequent 
transactions will have the effect of 
reducing the Group interest further to 
39%. All the 1984 comparative figures have 
been restated as if Stanbic was an asso- ■ 
date also at that rime. 

Once again exchange rate fluctua- 
tions have had a marked effect on earnings 
as translated into sterling and this year 
the impact has- been adverse as a result 
of the weakening of the US dollar and of 
currencies linked to it and the sharp 
depreciation of the rand. The extent of 
the impact can be gauged from the fact 
that, if exchange values had remained 
constant, £58 million would have been 
added to pre-tax profits. 

I Shareholders- Funds 
| £1,240 MILLION 

Total, debt provisions in 19S5 
amounted to £101 million, compared with 
£137 million in 1984, partly helped by 
the strength of sterling and certain pro- 
visions no longer required. Welcome im- 
provements were experienced in several 
business areas which more than offset 
the well-publicised problems in Singapore 
and Hong Kong, and of the tin crisis. 

A m^or objective during 1985 was 
to strengthen the capital base of the 
Group, so that Standard Chartered could 
be seen to be strongly capitalised in com- 
parison with peer banks and to strengthen 
confidence in our ability to conduct an 
international banking business in a world 
full of upsets and uncertainties. This was 
accomplished without making any direct 
call on shareholders, following the 
approval by the Bank of England of a new 
category of primary capital: undated sub- 
ordinated notes that are convertible in 
certain circumstances into preference 
capital. Standard Chartered undertook 
four capital market transactions which 
provided us with US$1,100 million and 
£150 million of primary capital. Taken 
in conjunction with the capital raising 
and changed shareholding proportion in 
.Stanbic, by the year-end the primary 
capital ratio stood at 7.6% compared with 
5.5% at end 1984. 

Meanwhile we continue to examine 
opportunities to refinance or sell fixed 
assets in order to release capital funds 
for our principal business of banking. 
Towards the end of the year we com- 
pleted the sale of the former head- 
quarters in Clements Lane for £47 million 
and preliminary consideration is being 
given to the sale and leaseback of the 
Singapore headquarters building as soon 
as market conditions are favourable. 

Total assets employed in the Group 
were almost unchanged at £28.8 billion, 
with exchange rate factors offsetting 
underlying growth. 

Our UK-based businesses all had a 
successful year in 1985, especially the 
International Banking Division. The UK 
contribution to total pre-tax profits rose 
to 45% compared with 19% in 1984. This 
is in accordance with our strategic objec- 
tives and has improved the effective tax 

I have already referred to the changed 
shareholding relationship with Stanbic 
during 1985, asa result of their own capital 
strengthening moves. Despite the political 
and economic situation, Stanbic again 
achieved record results with a 19% improve- 
ment in post-tax earnings to R190 million. 
The South African contribution to Group 
profits declined from 19% to 12% Following 
the debt standstill enforced by the South 
African authorities we have been closely 
involved in the discussions that were so 

ably conducted by Dr Leutwiler. 

Union Bank continued its successful 
record of progress, with a 6% post-tax 
profits increase to US$47 million, although 
the weakening dollar trimmed the relative 
profit contribution of North America to 
the Group total to 16“... In pursuit of our 
corporate strategy Union Bank has agreed 
to acquire United Bank of Arizona. This 
will become operative from the beginning 
of 1987, in compliance with Arizona state 

In Australia we were duly named as 
one of the international banks to be 
invited to apply for a full banking licence 
and much activity has since taken place 
to reorganise and gear up our existing 
operations to* this end, including estab- 
lishing a head office in Adelaide, South 
Australia In China we now have a net- 
work of 6 offices and a co-ordinating 
administration based in Hong Kong. This 
reflects the strategic importance being 
accorded to the development of our his- 
toric connection with that country'. In 
Hong Kong we took the important 
decision to redevelop our regional head- 
quarters building and work will com- 
mence during 1986. 

Capital Resources 
£2,784 million 

Shareholders will be receiving a 
special circular giving notice of an extra- 
ordinary general meeting to approve an 
increase in our investment in the Mocatta 
companies. At the time this statement 
goes to press the extraordinary general 
meeting to authorise the transaction has 
still to be held. However, I should record 
the Board’s view' that the proposed in- 
crease in our investment in the Mocatta 
companies to 80% at a cost of approxi- 
mately US$118 million fits well with the 
strategic priorities of the Group and con- 
solidates to substantial subsidiary status 
a profitable group of bullion trading 

The crisis in the international tin 
market has left behind it some disturbing 
precedents for all those engaged in inter- 
national finance. Standard Chartered’s 
direct and indirect exposure was modest, 
but the wider implications of this disorder 
around the world have yet to be fully 
digested. Our Senior Deputy Chairman, 
Mr Peter Graham, endeavoured to organ- 
ise an orderly resolution of the problems 
created by the inability of the Inter- 
national Tin Council to meet its obli- 
gations to the tin market. After four 
months’ energetic negotiations it is sad to 
record that the 22 government signatories 
of the International Tin Agreement not 
only were unable to agree collectively to 
participate in the proposed solution, but 
have repudiated their contractual obli- 
gations. The at t i t ude of the Bri t ish govern- 
ment was in honourable contrast to 
others in actively working fora solution. 

Total Assets I 
£28,833 million J 

As a bank with close lies with the 
developing countries of Africa and Asia 
we welcome the new' approach to the 
Third World debt problem which the US 
Secretary of the Treasury. Mr. James Baker, 
outlined last September. Although pro- 
gress in implementation has been slow 
so far, the proposals have changed the 
nature of the debate about how to deal 
with the debt problem and have placed 
new emphasis on the importance of long- 
term economic adjustment and growth 
orientated policies in the debtor coun- 
tries, policies which this bank has been 
actively supporting for some time now, 
not only by its lending policies in Africa 
and Asia, but also by its dose co-operation 
with the IMF and with the World Bank in 
various co-financing projects. 

Towards the end of 1985 the head- 
quarters of the Group in London was 
moved from 10 Clements Lane, the former 
Standard Bank head office, to 38 Bishops- 
gate where a msyor redevelopment was 
undertaken on the site of The Chartered 
Bank's old head office. We were greatly 
honoured when Her Majesty The Queen, 
on 20 March 1986, carried out the official 
opening of building. 

In January 1986 we welcomed two 
new directors to the Board. Me John F. 
Harrigan who has been chairman and 
chief executive of Union Bank since 1980, 
and Mr. Philip Robinson, who recently 
retired as a director of J. Henry Schroder 
%gg and who has been a valued adviser 
for many years. 

if m 


— Edited by Matthew May 


By Bill Johnstone 

. Technology Corres pondent 
ff i n • 11 ' 

The promises made in the Infonna- 
^ lion Technology (IT) Year of 1982 
At* have never been realized. Last wees 
Jllf. the British computer industry was 
IUrtEiven a srark reminder of those 
S golden days and how the climate 
Cai has changed in four years. 

•\ Two examples of the early 1980s 
Phi high technology euphoria were car 
of hie television and home computers. 
cha The Information Technology Advi- 
J sorv Panel (ITAP) attached to the 
E* Cabinet Office was to be the lobby 
fT for the former, while Sir Clive 
K Sinclair was the crusading pioneer 
Bis of the latter. Both came to gnef Igt 
Re week. ITAP was disbanded and Sir 
De Give sold his patents to Am™: 

Ke- ITAP had been formed in 1 98 1 by 
; ihe Cabinet Office which wished to 
»’it cull ihe experience of experts injig 
V?, technology fokK Their; ** 
°J f the task of producing, for the 
® f a government, a policy which would 
Ej take Britain into the 21 st century, 
hm The political momentum was 
Ch sustained by various industry min- 
isters convinced that Britai n cou ld 
acc emulate its US partners by creating: 
— new electronic companies, run toy 
entrepreneurs. What the Americans 
had-done the British could better. 

„ rTAP was to find itself in the 
Mf centre of the political arena in 1982 
with the publication of a reporton 
bet cable television. These networks 

ih~ ~ *~" 

. Ma 





am M 

Th JK 
bet M|| 

am Tmr 

• Lc H 

ter H 

g.y rw moves out of the limelight as A m strad takes the upper han d . ^ ^ 

— of Sir Give Sinclair. He is a NlQllS Ol Ivllvi 

High-tech innovators as marketeers 

hit Upon hard times SSSsS gain ascendancy 

rtf*** o^ Twtt lilO ill A. 

would not just produce more enter- 
tainment, but would be the co r e o f a 
domestic communications network. 

There was however a 
fundemental flaw in how ITAP ’ was 
kT operate. It was composed^ of 

and electronics who 

computer and telecommwufflti^ 

industries and could steer the 
government in the right direction. 
That was the flaw. The government 
had no intention of being stmedm 
any direction which requp«d com- 
mitment to a policy, needing grants 
and financial incentives. 

The government was soon to find 
that the non-political composition 
of the 6-man ITAP team, none of 
whom was paid or pursued promo- 
tion in the civil service, or politics - 
could be a dangerous irritant. 

The first report bad called for 
action on cable. ITAP soon found 
that the obvious course which 
should have been taken by govern- 
ment was not being followed. 

But ITAP was not easily diverted 
from its courae and proceeded to 
sell its- message. The inter-<tepart- 
mental rivalry had slowed the 
political momentum down to a 


iZSBSl The government, so untypically ^computer bmanessk* executive .A«rns ^ 
!L of the biggest sources of data, tion as a mavenck.^o^^d weektnar ksiheemlofaa«» ' founder, Herman I&user,»» 
X encourSto take the lead, system, was soon esteMufoed. Tta . wh ich innovators have had company to bccom^! 

was encourageu electronics companies who told him hand . over director at. parent 

They responded .sluggishly. The drat his ventures would never wort sudi as Amstrad s cornpatl y Olivetti and 

industry, frustrated at the bureau- m to ^ their words tune and -u-j—gn Alan Sngsr, the man Q, mIB odore*s founder, Jack 
omhivM the ITAP messaae ^ oe cfnrtafr hunched one c ° amnim cr^ aside for no 

of Sir Give Sinclair. He is a .dream 
maker par excellence although one 
■ whose confidence has been shj^eiL 
His ideas came in abundance. 

• Digital watches, small flat screen 
television and miniature calculators 
were the projects that jad the 
foundations of a personal empire 
which was to make Sir Give a 
millionaire - at least on paper, by 
the early, eighties. 

He was confident and yet vulner- 

■ « ■ * r. Aw naw U1A9& VAS 

— - - ^ was ousted to 'make way for 

ByGeof Wheelwright Apple's co-fi^ 

A*arture of Sir Give jobs movoi ante for 

— _ eiecironKs compatuca wuw ■ . uDDcr nanu- rescaren wrev .^ 1 ■*.» 

They responded sJugoshly. The drat his' ventures would .never wort an* as Amstrad s coin pany Olivetti 

industry, frustrated at the bnrean- to eat then words tune and chai __ an Alan Sugar, the man Q, mIB odore*s founder, 

cracy, embraced the ITAP message ^mc again as SinclairlauBchfid one holds the raghta to afl Tramiel, moved aside 1 

and created the Confederation of innovative product after another. Sinclair’s computer products. 

Information Communication .. . t m KaHi u In the last 18 months, the ^ latter case a pejaps 

A new report on education in the ^Sed for his poor management emeswchi * 2 th 

21st century is the latest offering g^ne products were not Research, Acmn ^ left one ot ine 

from the ITAP stable. It has yet to others acquired a bad and Cornmodoreteve ' affteK players. Mr Tranudfc^ 

; Jack 
for no 

Sir Clive: Crusading pioneer 

crawl, and by 1984, the 
government's poor committment 
and lack of understanding of cable 
was to result in an appalling 
decision in the Budget of 1984 — 
capital allowances were abolished. 

The Treasury had made a gigantic 
mistake. ITAP was to write another 
report in 1985 laying the blame for 
the feilure of cable at the feet of the 
Treasury. The mandarins took a 
dim view of such overt cha lleng es 
and were influential in preventing 
the studv ever being published. 

In the' meantime the ITAP spe- 

from the ITAP stable. It has yet to 0VJiiixi ^ . tnimncu 

be delivered to government, and for- quality. Had the - the companies they rounuw 

calls for more committment, ex^en- dream-maker become a dreamer to make way»r meu 
diture and a top level enquiry into visions bore no relation to nonsense mancettOg 

ihe crisis facing British education. It the real world ? who would axe the aeveiop- 

too will probably be ignored and Yet in the high street home ment of any project inai 
remain unpublished. computer market Sinclair was king, not make money.. 


c^tofofThe British hoiSSiput- neither didthe seasonahty of home - thing, bm fcrlte hjg 
er industry distinguished member computCT buying- - ^ ^ 

K ISzzzrJ'A T fevomedson of Mrs . The world has not seen the end of something of a reheL 
of Mensa and a tayo uit» so Clive Sindair. nor. the innovar- The non-stop pace of devd- 

Thatcher, tive thinking of ITAP -^nor should opment ■ which Koughtus a 

mUhoniotheBnn^^reprenem unfeigned ambi- succesion of unsuccessful 

AJ“® Bectromcs. tions Britain needs more like them, computers such 

° f nSdK hard the l»t n«y had fte gas to tom a go. QLto.Ap^m^A^ 

^ ^ the Commodore Plus 4 has 

now beep slowed by a r caliza- 

m tkm that the ptdmc grants 

jggM utility and tow prices in its 

equipment first ■” end mnova- 

non second." -. 

>mr jair s < — - . one. •- a,.-. 

i’fesssx's JffiSs-siagS 

seffingand others acquired a ted and Commodore havew^ players. MrTramid _ 
^nation for quality. Had the -the companies they founded mo dore only w ^ 

drean^nraknr become a dreamer to make way tor “e n then head “ a rd»ro Amn 
whose visions bore no relation to nonsense maiketing P^^ Corpoianon.Intheyearand 

who would axe the devdog halftehasown^U; ^ to 


who would axe the develop- 
ment of any project that did 
not make money., . 

For the fotnre of scientific 
enterprise and intellectual bet- 
terment, this may be. asad 
thing, but fer the bom^ 



turoed it around from bang a 
hues millstone, that was drag- 
ging its former 
Warner, into the corporate 
mire. It is now a trim concern 
that no longer loses m<mey. 

It may seem laughable for 
someone to be called success- 
ful just because they do not 
lose J money, but mi t«by s 

home-commitermaito tteus 

the reality. Sinclair had to sell 
nearly the entire business just 
to break even. Acorn rejomed 
last week at a anafler £1.7 
million loss and Commodore 
is still declaring tosses “at 
would embarass an oil sheik. 





the price. 

do«nottav* ■■S.wgrfy sfg*: . 


^m^e, T ^iich y is unique 5 n^vriric*ha^cgss^ 
ibomAtnsttad’s computers is 

The actual technology is a exit from home c ® m P'ro®&! 


m ■ 

I J 

\ 1‘./k h 

I r 4 wV' 

1-^.^ ■ % 

'IW- • VP 

Ihndon is the exception 


Tandon suggest you deride simply on perforaaoce. And price. 

Alan Soprof Amstrad; Rights* Sudan: products 

Beyond talent, the 
veteran beats all 

top ones regularly gobble up 

SXSJBSST-S By Edward Fennell 

1 nilllHIIH!! 

/ rijr/ys: 


Intel 8088 processor, 
two floppy disk drives 
each with 360 KByte, 
256 KByte main storage 
memory, expandable 
to 640 KByte, 
high resolution 
14" monitor. 

THE PC COSTS £ 1 . 295 + VAT. 


Intel 8088 processor, 
floppy disk drive 

with 360 KByte, 

256 KByte main storage 
memory, expandable 
to 640 KByte, 10 MByte 
fixed disk drive, high 
resolution 14" monitor. 
THE PK COSTS £ 1 . 595 + VAT. 


Intel 80286 processor, 
floppy disk drive with 
1.2 MByte, 20 MByte 
fixed disk drive, main 
storage memory with 
512 KByte, expandable 
to 16 MByte, high 
resolution 14 /# monitor. 
THE KA COSTS £ 2 , 795 +VH. 

Software houses have a vots- 
dous appetite for talent The | 
top ones regularly gobble up 
the best young computer sci- 
ence graduates each year. This 
maintains a continual supply ■ 
of fresh intelligence to keep , 
them ahead in a very competi- ■ 
tive business. 

Raw talent alone, however, 
isn't enough to provide the 
solutions and systems which 
clients want. For a software 
house to make a convincing 
bid for a contract in a highly- 
sophisticated area like retail- 
ing, travel or financial 
services, it has to have experi- 
enced people in the team who 
.know their way around the 
sector. Indeed, they should 
know it as well, if not better, 
than the users. 

That is why software houses 
are frequently in the recruit- 
ment market for the data 
processing veterans from their 
most important diem sectors. 
They are hunting for the kind 
of person who has years of 
experience, who has built up a 
good reputation, and who 
understands completely the 
user’s needs. 

Only once you've got those 
kinds of people can you go 
into a pre-contract meeting 
confident that you're not go- 
ing to be caught out by some 
gap in your knowledge.. 

But what is the incentive for 
a data processing manager, the 
secure boss in ms or her own 
bailiwick, to give it all up and 
take on this kind of role? 

“The wide range of projects 
I get involved in”, was the 
instant answer from Mike 
Hoare, now a business consul- 
tant with Data Logic. But he 
spent most of his career in 
retailing, ending up. in charge 
of computing for' a major 
London department store. 

“No matter how tong I 
worked in retailing, I would 
never have gained the breadth 

of experience I have now” 
says Mr Hoare. “The job is 
more interesting, more satisfy- 
ing and frankly, it's better paid 
as well” 

“The company was keen to 
move into the retail sector, 
and it needed people, like me, 
who knew , the retailing field 
indite out and could help 
devize the business strategy as 
weH as help find the solutions 
to sell to clients." 

Of course, Mike Hoare is . 
not alone in having moved 
from user to software house. 
Many other software compa- 
nies nave made it a pi ece o f 
personnel strategy, to attract 
experienced users to provide 
the professional backbone to 
their various sector groups. 

“When we think that busi- 
ness is going to take off in a 
particular sector, we start to 
recruit those who have expert- - 
race and contacts in that 
field,'* commented Data 
Logic's Dave Morton. “For 
example, we’ve done this kind 
of special recruitment in areas 
like financial services, travel 
defence, and police, as well as 
retailing It is important for 
software houses like ours, to 
recognize the point at which 
we need to strengthen our own 
resources with some outside 

So for the person who has 
! reached the top with a com- 
■ puter user and is wondering 
i where to go next, a software 
i house could be the answer. 

: Even if ?ou decide to come 
r back to work for users later on, 
a few years in a .prestigious 
l software house could provide 
1 just the boost your career 
i needs. 

[in case you didn't know. Tandon is the world's largest manufacturer of disk dnves. 
We got there, by simply doing everything in our power to mak e these highly sens, ttve 

-and costly parts not only better but less e X pensively. 7^S5n 
Wow we’re doing the same for whole microcomputer, CXmpunrlUKlU* 

Please send me details of Tandon microcomputers. 

Name: — — 

Company/ Address: - — 

: : *■= DEPTTS 

Tandon Computer (UK) Ltd Unit \9 

WoKesienhire.BIT 5XP. Telephone: 0S27/JfeS00. Fax. 0527/43^03. 

Wright Air 

— fiffyouposipiterKm 


,if fir* 

• { Sii ^ 

• 1 %;* *> 

— • 

■ ■' ->tr 


C - 

* * S „ / *ch 

'•H -* ’ ** 

i'j r lr, 

a Vc^ fJ ; : 


:Vt :r . a- 

Xfc-Sf.2:.- ;* 


J 4 t-i 

l V * 

* * * 
i * •■» J 


By Frank Brown 

Information technology is in for yet 
another revolution — thanks to two 
British inventions, a chip called a 
Transputer and a software lan gtnw- 
called Occam. 

The two developments are the 
basis of a new generation of nltra- 
powerful computers thqt ntiif» a 
technique called parallel processing, 
sometimes called concurrent 

A good example is Oregon-based 
Floating Point Systems' new range 
of supercomputers, the biggest of 
which can carry out as many as 262 
thousand million arithmetic opera- 
tions a second, about 200 times' 
more than the largest computer in 
use today. In contrast to conven- 
tional computers, which process 
data serially — ie, one ta s k ; at a time 
— parallel computers process sever- 
al different parts of a simulta- 
neously, often millions at a time, by 
using a number of p rocessing 
elements linked together. 

This ability to process large 
volumes of data at high speed, 
makes parallel processors suitable 
for large-scale scientific appli cations 
such as weather forecasting and 
seismic research and equally com- . 
ptex engineering tasks, such as 
aircraft design, project modelling 
and process simnlarin n- 

Though parallel processing offers 
greater processing power, its very 
design makes it more complex and 
difficult to program, a problem 
being how best to link the proces- 
sors to carry out a given application 

Such interlinking patterns are 
called topologies, and dete rmine the 
complexity of the arithmetic and 

data nunvipnbtimre that nan be 

carried out 

Britain leads 
way to the 
21st century 

• Miles Chesney of Mefko 
— the developers of a new type 
of British sup er co mpute r . 

He believes chief applications 
will be in recognition sys- 
tems for robots and computer 
models of the hitman brain 

The problem of prog ramming 
parallel processors was amplified in 
1983 by the development of the 
prpg ram raing lapipgr, Occam. 

The power and versatility of 
parraHel computers, however, has 
hitherto been restricted by the 
balkiness of their processing ele- 
ments, which have had to be 
constructed from a number of chips 
making their processing ability a 
trade-off between power and choice 
of topology. 

The Transputer, often referred to 
as the computer on a chip, has 
eliminated these restrictions be- 
cause it is a complete processing 
element on a single chip. Conceived 
by Iann Barron, a founder of Inmos, 
a British semi-conductor firm, it has 
been designed specifically feu- paral- 
lel processing and the use of Occam. 

Inmos is a subsidiary of Thoro- 
Emi, which has been denying 

rumours that it is ready to sell off 
stakes in Inmos though does not 
discount the idea at a later date. 

Made by the latest very-large- 
scale-integration (VLSI) techniques, 
it contains the equivalent of 
200,000 transistors on a chip less 
than 9 mm square and contains a 
central processor which handles 32 
bits of data at a time plus built-in 
memory and four high-speed com- 
munications links for exchanging 
data with other Transputers. 

Thus parallel processors can now 
be smaller, more powerful and more 
versatile. They will also be signifi- 
cantly cheaper. 

The new Floating Point proces- 
sors offer processing power at one- 
tenth the price of present 
conventional large computers and 
their price will fell over the next few 
years. The Transputer chip itself 
costs about £350, but this is likely to 

•all to £50 as production and 
demand increase. 

In terms of topologies. Floating 
Point Systems has chosen a 
‘"bypercube" arrangement in which 
eight Transputers are linked to form 
the corners of a cube. The 
hypercube has been found to be the 
most efficient for complex 
arithmetic calculations. 

Each hypercube is called a node 
and two nodes are housed in a desk- 
top size cabinet giving processing 
power equivalent to a large main- 
frame computer. 

Processing power can be in- 
creased simply by adding other 
hypercubes, the maximum number 
being 2.048, or 16,384 processors in 
all, to form a truly massive 
com though it would cost 
abot£I40 million. 

Such limitations do not apply 

however to a British developed 
machine due to be launched in 
June. Called Computing Surface, its 
design allows a limitless number of 
processors to be linked together. 
Four machines are already in use in 
the field, three in the UK and one in 

Computing Surface has been 
designed by Meiko which, despite 
its Ja p a nese name, is an entirely 
British company formed last year to 
design and manufacture 
Transputer-based jparrallel process- 
ing systems. The founders were six 
Inmos managers who played a 
leading role in developing the 
Transputer and left to form Meiko 
in order to develop computer 
systems based on the new chip. 

Though the Transputer has enor- 
mous applications potential, Inmos 
decided not to expand systems 
development, but to concentrate on 
semi-conductor design manufac- 
ture. Meiko has since designed and 
supplied Transputer-based comput- 
ers to Inmos for demonstration 
purposes and evaluation by has planned Comput- 
ing Surface as a logical extension of 
the Transputer. 

One of Meiko's founders. Miles 
Chesney, said; “Having been part of 
the team involved in implementing 
the Transputer, we are now taking 
the concept to the market place." 
He adde±“Compufing Surface is 
targetted at applications that have a 
fairly high procedural content such 
as pattern recognition systems for 
robots, and modelling the neural 
networks of the brain." 

The Transputer, coupled with 
British work on the optical comput- 
er, could help the UK establish a 
leading position in information 
technology for the 2tst century. 

Full-scale alert on 
the green screen • 

By Kit Hardwick 

It is a year now since I started 
to process my 200 employees’ 
weekly wages on an Apricoi 
PC using Pegasus software - 
hence the first 10.000. During 
that time I have become a 
great fan of computers, despite 
my original reluctance to drag 
myself at 40-plus into the 
electronics age, but I do have a 
couple of complaints. 

The first is that the clock 

OK. I know it's a fault in 
one of the programs that 
knocks off the seconds every 
time it consults the dock, and 
that later versions do not do it. 
Even so. it makes you wonder 
what else it might have up its 

But the big one is number 
72. The handbook says this is 
a “disc media error — a 
hardware or disc problem 
occurred while the disc was 
being written to or read from" 

It is fer more than that. It is 
a full-scale alert. It starts with 
the green bar across the screen 
flashing angrily. This is ac- 
companied by a manic beep- 
ing noise. You just sit there 
holding your breath. Impo- 
tent. Eventually it stops and 
shuts the whole program 

down, reverting to the menu 
you started from. 

It's like landing on the,, . 
longest snake on the board. 

When this happens, which. -- 
is during the calculation or .... 
update of the wages run, you -- 
can sometimes just try again , f ?. 
and it goes fine the second 
time. No explanations, nb.~ 
pack drill, it just seems to, „ 
change its peevish little mind. 

At its worst it will not play - • 
at all and you have to go back 
to last week's disc and start'’ 
again. «... 

The most common cause. ... 
apparently is dirt on the disc. ■ - 
We think we have ruled that"’. . 
out now. — . 

Another possibility is flud- ' *“ 
tuat ions in the power supply.; 1 
We do not know if that is wbaf---J 
the electricity board sends out*"' 
or if it is caused by our- -- 
washing machine switching ttf "" 
spin. Research continues. We • 
washatnighL ...... 

Meanwhile. 72 is a signal foT” 
coffee and nail-biting. ' '**' m 

And when I warn to know^- 
the time, I have a 200-vcar-oldi _ 
weight-driven machine in the 
next room that worts pretty,' ... 
well, so long as I wind it up ev- 
ery week. V;.: 

Of course, in those days we 
exported highte~hnology. 

Confidence failing 
in Silicon Wadi 

By Daniel GreWer 
Israel, noted for its battle- 
tested military hardware, 
hopes civilian high technology 
can spur economic growth — 
but the young industry feces 
serious obstacles. 

The fashionable Td Aviv 
suburb of Heczhya, dubbed 
Silicon Wadi, has become a 
home for many of IsraeTs 
high-technology firms, some 
linked to kibbutz collective 
settlements which are moving 
away from t raditional agricul- 
tural work. 

High technology already 
makes an impressive contri- 
bution to IsraeTs sick econo-, 
my but the industry is ptagued 
by cash shortages, weak mar- 
keting and a loss of engineers 
to better-paid jobs abroad. . 

Exports from foe sector rose 
to $2.1 8 bilfionlavyear from - 
$1.84 balfion in 1984, almost 
half Israel's total sales abroad, 
excluding polished diamonds. 

This adds bp to average 
export growth of 22.3 percent 
a year over the last decade, 
while other industries 
achieved only 12.4 per cent 

Most of the new firms are 
run by young engineers with 
significant Israeli military ex- 
perience and advanced train- 
ing in the United States, and 
Europe.Tsvi Lavi of Axtech 
Systems, said: “It is easier to 
assemble a top-level R and D 
(research and development) 
team in Israel than 
elsewhere.” Aitech has devel- 
oped a robust computer for 
outdoor industries such as 
railways, mining and forestry. 

"Don't forget,” he added, 
“Israel is smaller than Los 
Angeles. People served togeth- 
er in the military and studied 
together — everyone knows 
everyone else.” 

But the military and elec- 
tronics industries have rece 't- 
ly laid off thousands of 
workers because of sh ri n k ing 
foreign markets arid cuts in 
local defence spending. 

Companies which have fo- 
cussed on military production 
are looking for civilian appli- 
cations for their products. One 
industry source said: “There is 
a lot of know-how in the 
military sphere with nowhere 

Some veteran companies 
such as Stitex, a world leader 
in graphic imaging and 
editing , and Elscint, which 
maicp« equipment for hospi- 
tals, had serious problems last 

Hsdnt lost $33 million. 

which industry analysts 
attribute to marketing mis- 1 
takes and poor planning and 
design. It accumulated heavy 
debts and industry sources say 
it is seeking buyers for its 
unprofitable divisions. 

Hundreds of engineers have 
left the country for better paid 
jobs abroad, where salaries 
exceed their 1,500 to 2^)00 
dollar local monthly wage and 
are not ravaged by high taxes. 
Prime Minister Shimon Peres : 
aims at expanding high tech- 
nology exports by six billion 
dollars in the next decade. 

Peres, who is credited with 
having laid much of the 
foundation for IsraeTs mili- 
tary industries while director- 
general of the defence minis- 
try, says science and technol- 
ogy must become the basis for 
IsraeTs economy. 

Israel has 500 firns in the 
fields of electronics, lasers, 
electro-optics, agrotechnol- 
ogy and pharmaceuticals 
which devote a high percent- 
age of their funds to research 
and development. But about 
200 new firms have yet to start 
production and many fid! 
within three years of complet- 
ing resean± and devekrpment 

Yechiel Sheffer of Medical 
Machines for Export (MME), 
said: “Isreal is not a country 
for mass production.” Like 
many other governments, Is- 
rael has earmarked invest- 
ment funds for new high 
technology firms. But the 
annual budget is only SO 

** 1111 $ is not enough,” says 
Rina Pridor, managing direc- 
tor of WoridTech, a firm 
which prepares investment 
packages for presentation to 
Amencan investors and the 
Israeli government. . Since 
1980, WoridTech has raised 
about $40 million fix 25 

Mrs Pridor said: “The in- 
vestments are attractive to 
Americans with Israeli inter- 
ests, but also for business 
purposes. It’s more sensible to 
put money imp so mething tike 
this than just give charity.” 

She would like to see more 
government aid but Daniel 
Doron, an economist, fears 
that too much help would 
harm the effort by supporting 
uneconomic companies. 

He said: “With all. the 
enthusiasm high tech is re- 
ceiving from our elected offi- 
cials, T fear the government 
will embrace our science- 
based industries with a hug 
from whichm the companies 
will never recover.” (Reuter) 

Competitive price versos 
quality service— there’s no 
choice at 01 Computers ... 

Some computer dealers offer cut- . } T j 
throat pnees but no support gggg 

Some computer dealers will give yon all 
the support you require bur al a pnee. BMH 

At 01 Computers we give y ou th e JSoMM 

service you need, al a price you'll want. nr* 

Thari; why we have devetoped a repu tation for 
excellence - as recognized by IBM m awardingus a 

1983 IBM and Apricot PC solution - 

call 01 Computers today QJ flftft 2207 

aa: 3 new models! 

J Compaq Portable IIuow avaiUble in 3 
S/- versions: 

Jr/.. RmHz processor, 


J versions: fighter • 

keyboard, 80286 8mHz processor, 256K 

$ expandable to 4.1 megaby^ Fio PP? 

on Co-P-I Portable, 
Compaq Ph* ***d Compaq Deskpro. 

jjfrnpgE' OMATeter 26254a 

Apricot Collection 

starts where 
others finish- 

If you're serious about 
putting a computer to work in 
your business, you won’t be 
spoiled for choice. 

In fact, thereh only one firm 
starting point for serious business 
computing The Apricot 
Collection and GEM - complete 
business systems designed to get 
you up and running ffom the 
word go. 

With monitor; printer, mouse 
and friendly GEM software all 
included, the Apricot Collection 
gives you everything you need - 
right down lp the power cable 
and plug-in one unbealably 
priced package. 

The power 

The Apricoi Collection has 
all the power and veraalility you 
expect from a high specification 
business computer. The standard 
512K of memory is enough to 
cope with the latest integrated 
office systems. 

And there's all the disk 
storage you need -The Apricot 
F2 has two floppy disk drives 
which can store the equivalent or 
a medium-sized noveL A built-in 
hard disk drive gives the Apricot 
FIO the capacity to store all the 
paperwork of a medium-sized 

The keyboard 

A professional-standard 
keyboard is a must for novices 
and skilled typists alike. That’s 
why ihe Apricoi Collection 
features all the typewriter keys, a 
numeric keypad for financial work, 
and a built-in dock and caleulatoc 


gives you 

And you can combine the two 
for visually impressive presemaiions. 

GEM systems software is 
included in the entire range, 
making oil Apricoi computers 
equally easy lo work with. And 
all GEM packages work the same 
way- learn one and you have 
learned them all. 

And with ihe Apricot mouse 
and GEM software, most com- 
mands are as easy as pointing. 

The monitor 

You can choose a 9" or 12" 
monochrome monitor, or a 10" 
colour monitor capable of 
displaying up to sixteen colours 
at once -ideal forGEM’s high- 
quality graphics. 

The printer 

Whether you're running off* 
the month's invoices, producing 
charts and tables, or turning your 
rough drafts into hard copy, you’ll 
need a high-quality printer 
That's why Apricoi Collection ■ 
computers come with a versatile 
printer- capable of handling both 
detailed graphics and corre- 
spondence quality lettering. 

Thai goes for GEM Draw and 
GEM Graph loo, and the many 
other GEM-based applications 
that are becoming available. 

To find out more fill in ihe 
coupon or call us on Freefone 
Apricot (via the operator) and 
well send you a free brochure. 

It could be (he start of 
something big. 

The software 

Each Apricot Collection 
system gives you access to 
literally thousands of MS-DOS 
software packages, including all 
the big name packages from 
Lotus, Ashton Tale, Digital 
Research and many others. 

And the inclusive GEM 
software means you can put your 
Apricoi to profitable use within 
hours rather than days. Just by 
pointing an arrow and clicking a 
button you can execute the most 
complex tasks. 

GEM puts the power of the 
Apricot Collection to work from 
ihe word go. 

GEM Write word processor 
lets you draft. ediL and prim out 
documents. While GEM Paint 
produces drawings, graphs and 
diagrams lo order 

Apricot Collection and GEM a 
complete package for the first time 
business user 

•Price shown is far complete pacteged system shown above: Apricoi F2- win disk driws. inclusive 9" mono green phosphor moahoz; mnr^s. 
Writer 23 matrix printer and GEM software. Price exdudes VAX GEM ha resiaared tratfanarti afDtftial Research Inc- 

Please send me a free information pack on the 
Apricoi Collection. To Apricoi UK Limited, , 
FREEPOST Halesowen. West Midlands. 
B63 1BR 





Stephen Johnson 

By Martin Banks 

Gouge OrweB may have been 
ahead of his time back in 1948 
when became op with the idea 
of the Speakwrite machine. It 
seems increasingly likely that 
be will be proved right 

There is a continual, if quiet 
push towards developing a 
voice-activated typewriter sys- 
tem, same of the most recent 
work being performed at 
IBM's research centre in New 

As you 
speak, a 


However future users win 
have to stop saying urn and ah 
— the system wffl do tifolty 
print every angle utterance. If 
that cannot be prevented, the 
system itself will have to 
incorporate a large number of 
complex routines with which 
to trap these vocal 

Its latest development is a 
speech-recognition system ca- 
pable of working with a vocab- 
ulary of up to 20,000 wards 

Leader In a 
new field 

and, significantly, capable of 
running on the IBM personal 
computer family. 

Even more significantly, the 
system is said to be eatable of 
recognizing the words iu real 
time — in other words, you 
speak and the system will 
recognize the word and print it 
out as yon talk. 

It is an important break- 
through in speech recognition 
by IBM, which has already 
demonstrated itself to be a 
leader in developing this field. 
The company's previously 
demonstrated attempts had 
shown a prototype dictation- 
taking system capable of 
translating a mere 5,000 

That system, shown by IBM 
in October 1984, required a 
large mainframe computer 
coupled to three large proces- 
sors and was not particularly 

So in just 18 months, the 
company has quadrupled the 
vocabulary the system can 
work whit and dramatically 
ceduced the size of machine 
needed to a humble personal 

Though such systems are 
stiD prototypes, for which 
mass prodoctioa is some years 
away, IBM has drawn it will 
be possible la produce a 
system at a realistic price. 

The real problems with a 
development such as this are 
how to exploit it and in what 
applications. The obvious ap- 
plication is Orwell's 
Speakwrite machine. 

The dirfrtfing mwhine flip* 
can type oat the words we say 
as they are ottered is every 
executive's dream status sym- 

It could also be an efficient 
tool, allowing executives to 
write memos and reports as 
they think of them. 

Either way, a dictation sys- 
tem amid end up costing a 
great deal more money than 
might seem necessary at first. 

Either the system itself wiQ 
have to incorporate these add- 
ed capabilities or companies 
wffl have to pay tor their 
executives to go on courses to 

More complex, 
more power 

be trained to think before they 
open their mouths. 

An alternative application 
of real-time speech Precognition 
lies outside the area of replace- 
ment typewriters as a method 
of searching for information in 
complex databases. 

Current programs to search 
through them get ever more 
powerful and complex. 

Such systems are still key- 
board-based: the user has to 
type in questions and requests. 
It would be simpler if the user 
conkl speak the questions. 

Again, however, this would 
lead to one vital development: 
for humans acutally to think 
while talking . 


' - The T hircl International Conference and Exposition 

/^xyf¥%,; Lr(tl( | ofl ttWHo'tel — Ma\ 1 V»N< v 

Sponsored by CIMTECH and Meckler Publishing 
OPTICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS *86 (previously the Videodisc, Optical Disk, CD-ROM Con- 
ference) offers a unique opportunity to update your knowledge in key areas of laser technology techniques 
as applied to electronic publishing, storage, and relaxed delivery systems. The featured presentations will 
enable you to discuss your own problems and draw on the experiences of others, winter the manufac- 
turer/supplier exhibits will be an ideal opportunity to brief youreelf on the activities of leading companies 
in optical information systems fiekL 

The programme offers great flexibility to delegates with pre-conference sessions for relative newcomers 
to the optical information systems field as well as specialised presentations for professionals and delegates 
with particular interest in specific fields. Two "Tracks" are offered each day: delegates have the oppor- 
tunity to switch from “track to track”. PROGRAMME DETAILS: 


May 27 

Workshop A: 
Workshop B: 

Workshop C: 
Workshop D: 

Introduction to CD-ROM 
Optical Information Systems m 
Libraries. & Information Centres 
Introduction to Digital Videodisc and 
Optical Data Disk 
Creating a CD-ROM Based 
Inlornuiion System 

May 28 

Track I: Interactive Videodisc Systems 
Trtdt 2 Optical Read Only Memory Systems 
May 28 

Track 3: Optical Disks for Document Image Storage 
Thick 4: Optical Disks for Ona Archrcmjt 
Registration £130.00 tFlus VAT) per day. Special 

academic, library and government rates of £100.00 (Hus 
toy. (A 5% discount from these rates is available 

V ATi per day. 

for registrants to both May 28 and May 2 h i Fee include*. 
Conference Workbook. Mamins Coffee. Luncheon. After- 
noon Tea; Entrance to all Sessions and Exhibits. 

Registration £90 00 (Plus V.VTt per workshop 
CONFERENCE ‘HOTLINE* - (Qll 240 0856 Ext 26. 

Send us the 
and we can 
send you back 

a Q-Off ice expert. 

What’s the point of introducing the latest technology into 
your office if nobody knows how to get the most out of it? 

Olivetti are one of the largest and most experienced of 
Quadratrons approved trainers in Britain. 

And at our International Training Centre near Haslemere 
we run courses, both residential and non-residential, where 
you will be taught by experts and supported by every techni- 
cal and leisure facility you could possibly want. 

Just send us yourself or a member of your staff. Well send 
you back a Q Office expert. 


For course information contact Lesley Bishop at the address below 





Run for real micro-insurance cover 

By Chris Naylor 
Insurance policies for micros are 
usually arranged muter throe head- 
ings: all-risks cover, sometimes called 
basic damage cover; increased cost of 
working, sometimes called, business 
interruption, and reinstetemeat of 

The basic, all-risks cover is there to 

cover obvious hardware acd, usually, 
purchased software costs. If your kit 
were wiped out, the basic question is 
how modi would it cost you to buy 
the same again? 

To answer that, you have to make 
an inventory of every single item of 
hardware and software winch you’ve 
ever purchased and pat a replacement 
value to it because if you just guess. 
yanD guess very low. 

True, prices are failing — but you’d 
be surprised at just how much tot you 
can accumulate without realty notic- 
ing it 

This cover can usually, if you want, 
beput on any all-risks policy — your 
office insurance, for instance, because 
all it does is to treat it as if it were a 
valuable box in the same way as an 
etectric typewriter. 

For instance, £5,000 of cover with 
Sun Alliance would cost you £40 and 
just over £10,000 cover with the same 
firm would cost you £6ft so that extra 
£5,000 of cover got thrown in for 
effectively £20. 

It's also possible that, if disaster 
should strike and overall you're 
under-insured, the insurance compa- 
ny could apply a “condition of 
average" ana only pay for a propor- 
tion of the loss if you only had a 
proportion of your risk insured. And 
once you get down below £5,000 of 
cover yon lead to bump into firms’ 

mrnirrmm p remiums anyway. 

Those Sun Affiance figures indode 
a figure for Transit Risk — which is 
when the cover applies if tile comput- 
er is removed from one set of 
premises to another. Handy if you're 
moving around a lot — but it tends to 
be costly with some firms. . 

In feet it can double the premium 
you pay — as in the case with 
Guardian Royal Exchange - and 
most companies charge pretty dear 
for it One or two do have a more ca- 
sual altitude - Comhifl Insurance 
acknowledges that transit cover may 

A frequent comment of die insur- 
ance companies is that at first users 
see a new machine see as a valuable 
box, which would not lead to any 
increased cost of working if tost 
Imperceptibly, it takes oyer the 
running of their business tor them 
until, by the time disaster strikes, 
they're wdl and truly locked in with ft 
— and under-insured tf ft 8°®® 

Reinstatement of data is another 
example of this — it costs nothing to 
reinstate your non-existent records 
on day one. But a year later it could 
take a whole year to do so — snnpiy 
because everything you’ve ever done 
with the machine may need redoing. 

The obvious solution, to this is to 

i . j .. Lwm, time* tnolr. 

So what does dm 
you? Generally, it’s intended to cover 
the situation in which someone pours 
a cup of coffee over the mBcfacwand 
the coffee doesn’t aciuaBy damags tte 
machine, which would b® covered by 
the accidental damage aspect oz au- 
risks. but causes a xnalmnetios in foe* 
machine such that it 80 ffi_ anc? 

* : a 

A 1 :• ■; in 

■ i ■' 

a short circuit which possibly causes 
the power supply unit to blow up, or 
some such. 

This may not be covered by 

You should also bear in mind that 
computers, like video recorders in the 
home, have become the number-one 
target for office threats after cash and 
this may mean that some insurance 
companies are not happy about 
indaffing computers in the cover they 

ups in a fire proof safe to mmimtre 

the riste In facL some companies win 

require you to t ake back-ups; some 
will require you l o take weekly back- 
ups; asdronrawiUdfifli^fo^ 1 ^^ 
back-ups be kept in a fire-proof safe. 
You should study the policy carefully 
in tins respect 

After all, to my mind if you take 
weekly back-ups and keep them ma 

m me case where it’s truly occasional, 
such as taking it for infrequent 
repairs. In this case they might throw 
it infer nothing bin, by contrast, if it’s 

In fact, Comhill Insurance says 
that there are even cases of children 
pinching keyboards without the rest 
of the computer amply because they 
look valuable and desirable and 

How long 
to return to 

much insurance for mnstatement of 
data. Yet the cost of a fire-proof safe 
might be so much more than the cost 
of the insurance that you don't want 
to buy the safe and. therefore, don't 
want to buy insurance that insists yon 
have one. 

about - but it » stiff a very grey area 
and may not be worth buying. 
Whatever yon do though dossi read 
breakdown cover so mean a substi- 
tute for a mmstcnaoce contrast 

unless you’re absolutely sure that this 
is what the pohey means. 

Several firms now offer p a ck a g ed 
computer-insurance policies and 
these have foe advantage of covering 
most risks in a convenient, fairly 
to understand policy whose premi- 
ums are known. Hus can be attrac- 
tive and there's a lot to be said for 
buying a package if yon haven’t got 
any current computer insurance sm- 
.pty because it's quick and easy and 
gets you' cover for lira main -risks 
immediat ely. _ 

might, just might, have been some- 
thing like 

a portable machine which you carry 
around with you all day they might 
not be interested in insuring it at au. 

a Commodore 64 which 
would work by itself 

So, probably, you're better off with 
a real computer-insurance policy 
which acknowledges the specific risks 
which computers nave been liable to. 
After theft. General Accident cites 
fire dama ge, malicious damag e am j 
incompetent maintenance as the 

Increased cost of working is when 
the loss of your computers causes you 
to have to spend money doing things 
another way. You may, for instance, 
have to hire a machine or two while 
yours is being replaced, or hire extra 
staff to do tira ynye work manually. 

. There are quite a few subsidiary 
points worth bearing in mind wfaen 
you buy insurance cover. 

Most policies win provide cover 
against increased cost of working or 
loss due to foil ore of the public 
electricity supply — bat read it 
carefully. The cover is handy but 
occasionally the first 30 minutes of 
loss wiH be excluded and because the 
loss is most likrty to occur in foe first 

policy may 

r 4 


But do not be put offby companies 
that do not offer packaged solutions— £ 
such as Commercial Union. The feet 

« % 

— c-. 

fraction of a second (when your bard 
disc gets clobbered), it's of a 



highest risks for computers. So next 
time anyone tries to fix your ma- 
chine ft may be as well to dm 
they know what they're doing. 

Anyway, make your inventory and 
prepare for the worst It isn't really 
worthwhile leaving anything off to 
keep the premiums down because foe 
greater foe cover you require foe 
lower the premiums tend to be — so 
you don’t usually save yourself that 
much by skimping . 

To figure out just how much cover 
you need think how long ft would 
take you to get bade to normal, 
reckon bow much computer equip- 
ment you'd have to hire, how many 
extra staff and anything else you can 
think of. Most firms limit you to six 
months' extra cost of working on a 
standard policy and this seems like a 
handy figure to base yoor calculation 
on. it your figure seems low, add a bit 
because you'd be surprised just how 
dependent you can get on the 

To guard 

you need a back-up 

power supply to tide you over those 
first few crucial minutes, after which, 
if the power does not come on again, 
the pohey could be useful. But ask 
yourself when the electricity supply 
did last fe0 for a kmg period. 

it wdkoigh impossible for them to 
quote rates and terms because they 
will deal with each case 
indep endentl y. 

But that doesn’t mean that their 
rates are higher than other people’s. 
They may be as cheap or cheaper. 

.. —• . * 

* TS 

■?- ' 

Many policies include breakdown 
insurance — a pretty mixed area 
because where this is given it usually 
requires yon to have a maintenance 
contract anyway. 

er insurance you 
want to move away from a packaged 
solution anyway to get something 
more tailored to your needs, a 
tailoring that may well reduce the 
cost Ana if you have something other 
than computers to insure — the office, 
perhaps, or your business — you may 
find that tailored insurance helps to 
prevent expensive overlap or risky* 
gaps between policies. ' 


■’ 1 

•' . .j! 
- '»» 

Look at die table below: AD premiums are 
£s per £1,006 of cover and were obtained 
from the firms themselves. Typically, pr e miu m s 
vary with tlw amount of cover required and some in- 
dication of this is given ta the table. For cover ap to 
£20,000, it is worth r fflm rt prfag foe minimum 
premium because tins may be the most you have to 

The choice you face 

pay an y w ay. Where m a xim u m cover available is 
shown, this applies -to foe specific policy ~ most 
/mmpattfre «fQ take larger casks subject to their 

ahiffiy to have than underwritten. A transit risk is 
cover if you want to more around with your 
computer from place to place. Where a maintenance 
contract is mentioned, foe policy usually offers 
some breaUowacevc7 to be observed by the polky- 
hnlder; If none Isafaowitfrrfoe table, ft means fosy 
vary depending on your dreumstaaces. 

: J— - 


Sun ABbbcs 


Quartan nopal Each 

Corn el Insurance 

Eagle Star 

• _• .. . 



SnaB commercial empty 

WcRtfmH computer 


New atari: 

No specie name . . 

Cmpter tordwaiq^oftwaro 

i . -’*■» 

.... . ••• ;f - S 

minimum pmafcm 




Not fixed 

£50 but variable 


1 v> 

Madmen cover 

ES0J000 hardware 




• None 


SSSfiOO feicrad wrkng; 
or reinstatement of rata 

: '• , - 

Bade premium 

£5,000 ■ £8 (£5**) _ 
naooo - £7ffl4.50~) 
£20.000 ■ £6 |E4**i 

£3.75 to £* 

£5* eti 2S as martkame 
farts increase 

None— variable on 
individual risk 

£50,000- £3 
£3^ (+ breakdown} 

£2 with transit 


•- aa. 





.As above 

variable (boa. fine) 


Increased coat 

£3 + tranut 


rya an smao machines 

As above 

£30-40,000 - £3 

Depends on indam period 

of workman 


E1(L0Q0 • £10 

6 months indemnity £3£0 

Reinstatement of 



n/a on smsB machines 

As above 

£5,000 - £4 • 


• ; • 






£25 (increase due) 


— 3* ' 

Maintenance contract 




Optional (pos- more w/b) Optional 


Special Warranties 






■ Variable 

*(E» par ELMO) -wOna 

1 ; 









Sponsored by COamtTBiNEWS 

18-19 April 1986 Nbvotel, Hammersmith, London 

1275 vacancies 

for DP professionals 

Vacancies at all skill levels. 
Vacancies in all salary ranges. 

Exhibitors include 

Discuss vacancies face to face 
with the DP professionals 
responsible for recruitment. 

Opening hours 

Friday 18 April 1986 

Saturday 19 April 1986 

Organised by INTRO UK Limited. 
Russell House. Russell Street 
Windsor, Berkshire SL4 lHQ. 
telephone 0753 85881 L 




Baft pic 


^SS! aoN 

British Gas* 

southern electricity 






4 * 

! ■ ' i 

! *.> v*- I 









r . 

■: I V". 

*. 1 _ 


Smart way to capture 
magic minds on screen 


■ • v . 




By Aim Jenkins 
One thing the gurus are agreed 
nponramficaal intellig ence is a 
terri ble. name to be burdened 
with. What they arc also 
prepared to tefl. you at some 
kmgth k what amficial inieili- 

' grace is not. 

It is hot magic, not a 
mystery, not philosophy, not 
psychology, and yet- it is still 
m agic al It can be a trjfle 
mysterious but, once under- 
stood, seems to have less to do 
with intelligence than with 
good, hitman common «*»»» 
. tra nslat ed into a codified me- 

Professor Patrick Winston, 
bead of the Artificial Intelli- 
gence laboratory at the Mas- 
sachusetts Institute of 
Technology, is fond of homely 


He likes to stand cocktail 
party questions cm their h«*f 
Asked:“Can computers ever, 
be as smart as people?", he 
wiD answer “Can people ever 
be as smart as computers?” 

He told a recent seminar at 
Cannes, hosted by Digital 
Equipment Corporation: “Ar- 
tificial intefligeace is the enter- 
prise of trying to malm 


0L - 


Euro leap 
ahead as 
ICL joins 
in Esprit? 

By Frank Brown 

ICL »te participate in a major 
new Esprit project which cmdd 
put Emope in the forefront of 
chip technology. Project Aida 
advanced integrated drenh 
design aids - is for the 
development of new design 
methods and associated com- 
puter-aided design tools to 
exploit the increasing poten- 
tial of very large scale mto- 
grated drafts. 

Present-day systems fin 
chip design produce special- 
purpose chips omtafoiBg op to 
100,000 transistors and can 
cater for devices incorporating 
19 to a miffioa transistors. . 

Advances in sflkonrchfo 
technology over die next five 
to 10 years, mold 

result in drips with several 
milKim (rUSStUS. A Sfopffi- 

qmt breakthrough in comput- 
er aided deslpi methods win 
be needed to harness this 
aiassive Increase m fomptex- 
ity and prodnee devices that 
work first time. 

IGA partners in Aida are 
Thomson of France and Sie- 
mens of West Germany. As 

printe contractor, Siemens will 
coordinate the project, includ- 
ing the work of three sub- 
contractors: the universities of 
Manchester and GrenoUe and 
the research centre rf a French 
computer manufacturer, Bufl- 

Bat the technology to fahd- 
cate such chips will not be 
available until the 1990s. It is 
a roeassre of the complex 
design problems the new drips 
wiD create, that work on 
developing the computer aided 
design toms needed to design 
them has to be started now and 

progressed a longs i de the evo- 
I prion of the drip technology 

The project wiD cost £20 
nuffian over foor years and wfll 
be funded jointly by the three 
partners and the European 






MAY 11 

Send for A0M*s 

A simple method for 
saves wasted executive 


easy systematic method 
stEp-by-slep registration 

unique collection & 
analysis forms 
only £65 

Write for information or 
ring 01 -863 0621 
DP Act Consultancy 
AMS Limited 

Harrow MaftHesax HA1 1PL 

comwkk Moresmuu 

Air v*o 



Mswre. V ,22.bJEc 

or FIKANCE. D« ' 

Hffl**** «WWB 


machines smart, bearing in 
mind there are two kinds of 
people who want to make 
machines smart. Those who 
want to make machines more 
useful and those who want to 
understand intelligence. 

“This means that ax one end 
of the spectrum artificial intel- 
ligence is populated by what 
some .might think of as lunatic 
fringe psychologists and com- 
puter. scientists. At the other 
end it is populated by people 
who want to make a lot of 

“The thing that brings us 
together is trying to develop 
machines that have something 
like human intelli^nce. Be- 
cause than is a religions-like 
zeal in this quest, artificial 
intelligence wfll steal any kind 
of technology that will serve 
these primary objectives. " 

So, again, what does artifi- 
cial intelligence embrace? Not 
just robotics, which is always 
looked on as the “sexy" bit. 

“We are," says the profes- 
sor, “involved in automatic 
analysts and that some 
people call expert systems. We 
are involved in natural lan- 

guage. We are involved in 
trying to make machines 
learn. We are involved in 

“Sometimes computers do 
things that seems real smart, 
that turn out not to seem so 
smart once yon- understand 
how they reason step by step," 
he says.' 

What the pundits on 
is that artificial intelligence is 
not new or revolutionary, but 
part of the evolution of com- 
puter systems. It is largely 
about striving problems — 
problems in manufacturing, 
medicine, engineering, educa- 
tion — in which artificial 
intelligence can take the 
drud^y out of the research. It 
can also allow the expert to 
concentrate on the key ques- 
tions that can be handled only 
by the innovative, human 

John Mucci. manager of 
Digital's artificial intelligence 
marketing group in the US. 
gave the Cannes group a hard 
took at artificial intelligence in 
the market place. He said: 
“There is simply a people 
shortage for both skilled la- 
bour. such as welders in 

Artificial intelligence experts: Patrick Winston, 
left, and John F. Mucci 

m a nufac t uri ng, or for experts 
in any field." 

John Mucci emphasizes the' 
role of the individual in using 
artificial intelligence to im- 
prove productivity. Half the 
world's personal computers 
are doing nothing, he says. 

The personal computers 
and work stations that have 
riven access to tools like 
financial spreadsheets and 
word processing to millions of 
people, are local resources 
implying fundamental limita- 
tions. He calls them in a idling 
description “islands or 

Just as important is ' the 
capturing of unique knowl- 
edge and experience which 
can be lost when someone 
retires, dies or leaves the 
company. Expert systems are 
being created to preserve this 
priceless intelligence. No 

doubt there will be a new 
awareness of the value of this 
kind of experience. 

Arnold Kraft, consultant 
with Digital's artificial intelli- 
gence marketing group, points 
to many companies which are 
using expert systems to good 
effect — using systems to 
diagnose faults. 

One of the most exciting 
advances in artificial intelli- 
gence is the detevopment of 

natural langpagp — rnmpntf«- 

talk for the kind of t ff ng pqgf 
we use, be it English, French 
or Serbo-Croat. 

At Digital's European Tech- 
nical Centre at Vaibcmze. the 
visitor is invited to put ques- 
tions in basic English to the. 
computer in a limited field of 
inquiry. How long before the 
computer provides a cheeky 

Bleep! It’s goodbye Archers 

Bv Philippa Toomey 

Science fiction is one of those 
deeply worrying terms that 
make those of us wbo read, or 
write, fiction feel very uneasy 
indeed. However, if you look 
at it sideways, it is one of the 
ways that we can all be 
novelists, if given the chance. 

New computer games from 
Mosaic Publishing are show- 
ing us the way, with Adrian 
Mole and The Archers. If you 
ever wanted to get your own 
back on the boy Mole, or send 
the everyday world of country 
folk into a spin, this is your 

Mosaic Publishing is bring- 
ing out The Growing Pains of 
-Adrian Mole — a second 
program in an apparent Mole 
series — which means that 
you. too. can be Adrian Mole 
if you have not had enough of 
adolescent agonies and fanta- 
sies of your own by now. A 
story line appears on screen — 

Pandora, your girl friend, has 
just administered a humiliat- 
ing slight — you have the 
options to go into a deep sulk, 
laugh it o£u confide in the dog 
or kiD yourself Or something 
like that 

The Archers could offer far 
more in the fiction stakes. 

Could a branch of Alcoholics 
Anonymous be set up in 
Borchester? Good and grue- 

New game: Rewriting the story to soft yourself 

some fun might well be had, 
without the final solution, 
taken in one of the Tony 
Hancock TV programmes, of 
the whole of the cast felling 
over a cliff. But I do believe 
that they were called the 

Mosaic's next release is The 
Snow Queen. Hans 
Andersen's story, in which the 
central character, Gerda, will 
allow the player only to advise 
and help her — no guarantee 
that the advice and help will 
be accepted. 

Can you imagine what a 
game involving King Lear 
would be like ? To keyboard 
cries of "Don't do it !", would 
he still give his kingdom 
away? The brief story line 

“The ghost and the Prince 
meet/ And everyone ends in 
mincemeat" might well in- 
volve the murder of Claudius 
and a happy marriage between 
Hamlet and Ophelia, a glori- 
ous reign with Polonius as 
Prime Minister. What if Ro- 
meo and Juliet had simply 
eloped and gone to live in 
Mantua, leaving the Monta- 
gues and Capulets to fight it 
out for the two last acts? 

Inter-active fiction might 
change our entire lives and 
ways of looking at our cultural 
heritage. But I am hell-bent on 
making life extremely difficult 
for the Archers, with a version 
of Spaghetti Junction planned 
for the very centre of the 
Am bridge village green. 



TO £16400 



Company- *M miaUohod motor IBM user wthta die Cm of London uftsma dip boost 
wetnotogy tar tofli tscAntcsf and busman cdbtions. 

WgMpn: Snawns Analyst rea p oneWa tar Iba daw tap men t of anna accountaxi an d fc mcM 
a& A u tkm. A nd ws wl and confidant parson smo can develop and maioyttone sao- 
cmsbty «t a coasnanaaVbuslnasB a ovu mm art . 

Expsflancft Upwards at dm yaws c a wa ioa i mparieace gonad on largo dmatapmare 
■aa tsm am a DO ing odOta or —nfromaa (any barmwv A pregraanang bodapound a not 
aooi n bilbutacomptatBawo f ana a i offta fatitao B uo aol producing d n w lad i po t fca tEna from 
rsogommore caw wort must ba t —dt . CM pgs&gna wpartanca wtban 
tKtantsgs. hoummr fxM ODas-tfsssng a* DO proWdBd. 

ganmat Lsstngsacurtty and ■ few oppcrn j tdy to ftrtwr sow career io on anWaj na arauwna 
tfes very Matt IBM haid w — . REF: TG 445 




Company: A oaccesaM tataatial aanrtce poup waO ptaced add* Staa own marital, couertag al 
aspects at finsnCtal wanogamaK. pfennig and bwo t u i tt . 

‘’roj^wamaro. Sartor Pro grsa snar s taxi AnafystiPiturtnaaers to work in sraal 
a— attb o oi W da ra biB user Batson dawtoptng and supporting ttianaal a jui a n a 
... A i —W m sot 18 monte COBOL aip sttw m gamad on nwe*m»e eq uip ment tram 
a finance! or ua m mu al ansbowea t P i s tww a e w< bo »wi to candhmai — b ICL 
DMg/VMEbart[gx«id. h owe<w r . an y n iab Hnm e4«panencawabacanrtu»ycBnMdwBd.Atfte 
Bor* ww levels. Mam leading rep ananc a said be an advantage, fcgHer wrib good«MatatiW state. 

Otataw t A 0 M ste w a opportunity to latmta on to IBM id join a pwaaH r a company th 
tap IT ptono n hand. gMng rwraeafid caitf d M ao earner wsmnranwrf mid a ncun 

REF: IF 1192 



2 x BONUS 


★★★★★•A’ ★★★ ir'k'iririr -Ar ir *★★*♦■*• -A--A- 




company. Eslabtsted end succwstU nunuteeferar now bnngsig our a now date atanurtca- 
bona product to c o mpreciarn rhwr aaeong range oi vnd9ty used systems. 

Ftosfflo w : Two sales eacatwas are neadafl is pm a dyrarac and rty rty ptufas gonaJ team to 
an MCftng new X25 based daa comas product Owe poseon wd cover London and d» &un 
East the other wH cover the West County, based m EnstoL 

Es p anencat Successful cw i adeM s are entecMd to be ingh actaavms wNR an uucMM safes 
record ta 9w ttabi cob— b ieab ena marts: peace. 

eaneret:AM wiac cp ti oreasqifcraiPba»o«profetgontastoiolnanq»pandaigoom pa By wboaa 
MgM|r regarded praducta are bedred iw strong nurtseng and tactimcai si^pon. TIM generous 
padt a ge oBared Includes BURA, choca at car and guaremee. 

Rff: TA 1318 



£354180 PLUS 0TE 
£204186 BASIC 

officea In 8urre* fetaea to 
breUtac ktandtanoAueUm 
throw* m etaon ol D 
product range. Baaed m E 

tan of users reratasmwte fcrnaw and auMMig l 
aal and recammaodafion to reptenientaaen. w< 

I, you ba worfctag an mrtoue efiant adu ta 

Btpa rMn o e Firra aa M a pplc an te rod lavu a sound DP bacitgoiaid (no patilcuMr I w d w 
p tutarencej and good dafeoace (reWmai) knontedge pnibaOhr getaed from 
dastgn/adr utteuit c t diaMs. You must hare had a s parteoBa of lewfing at Man one efeoltar 
projaaitgoctt»tocondudan.p w fB w eiywtit»a1haflctaibiBBandbacapfl0feotlBaangaMaa 
ot P ienj e ranree red An W >m jP i am eer s . Verbal and written cam nm rtLe Boa MM red re 

outatnfing appaaranca aw tuotaL ... 

aaneret itaa poawona apaafc lor ttMmealres. Uwy offer omeawtfco red Waree U p g wort 
««h a tat of raeponafcHy. Top sMnasanda rede range of banafla induda: a ctreoa of panwon 

daiaaM the tafiBy Id sal yow own aoewu a 
Rff: TX 1300 



meter worid wtde tnansaUoo ufifesma a variety ol tMoi 

rtr i it on. aepporting red 

Coratany: A mayor worid wtda owretsatioo uU M In g a variety at atetoa 
ftwn The soxassttt anddnad be wortiog ufttre tau mi cr o ts> 

IZa. Wordstar 

i by tataphone red on stte end prcdably wCh preWou* dretan e«p 
i of EM P O / nrmp a lW a a .aPdaolt— repa r tt a greaudrai flbaref 

£***■ re- J ^ u , — L 

uMwIl nawwm m wuow *^ au DW esaoBB 

deoudw tar the Supanfrer. The OoanoW paebiga utitaobala aebat 

(PI/1) QTV 

deoutba tar the Supanttor I 
tarn a Iwga naMMadoaaL 


M ta Worth tad 

M 8BCS:Ee ^V 

in a Pt?lJ 


» to )ota a dynamic Mere. Most of the wort w* bare deveiopra 
Mase at various wtea. Thera wfl ba axtanswa uear conoct 
4 years ol Ana^fss 8 Program- 
houses with strong ftaanoal or 

Company: WgWy reawcMd and ar bom a iy aucoaastaL Bus British manutacturer has an ■aenw- 
ttanel reputation tar e ro e Un c a vrtvn Me irjcrecoreputer mertet place Due to an Impre ssi ve 
growth rata end outstandng domand. addmonal ades profescionsM ate now reartred 
Pnssicn: The SMOBBMtuf ca n ddatas wH bo respcn3toa tar the sale of me company's rtqbiy 
aedakred 32 M Una bared imcrocomautar. ttaffl cocvntsacaMns and assooarea parphmate 
■to a variety of corporate ac co un ts and verdezf maricats. 

Eapartenca: NahjiaDy a p roven and successful track record and sored knowtadge of are 
parearita enwronmret M asaareW. In adrtaon the more senior caaodtaes snortd be able n 
dw i wiuia i e *tek ostafy to^uw oesaare. and a crxSUa. mature ettRude. For both poeatane 
itmevigi at me Una eper adn g system would be aovamageous. 

Oenaret fl e coon i a ad in o»ar3Cco a<nre ter Motariaigo ratable and cost effective Una based 
sysam. ftae company s ottanng a greereca range of benefits aiebdlng acMavaeta on regal 
eamtnge red a three momh guarantee. These lecers together wan outstanding tashmcaJ back- 
up auk* there vacancies a onque epport re ay to fumr yore career. 

REF. TV 1177 

WEST fi BASE TO £284580 

CENTRAL DTE £35,000 



Coopre r Probabl y one of o re larg est and most preggjBM dfanta. Hre mg bare eefet t Mied fa r 
ewrenu riecH a e coarig wrery computer ganarebon through raamtranwfl nires, i i u r i rw - 
dasktope and automation. 

Pocreoum Several are evalatae In various iccsbons InCtaSiq West end Cenm London oH8mg 
easy access to area red and tubajbus inks. Working from prepose bub business centres 
ottemng axcaBent efiant srerorecregs - pareeAriy oonduawe to wntsig and. maintamg good 
businaas. Account Managers wS be vortmg m closely spea etee rt marker areas vrertmg from 
d u « M ed feeds and an e st remely luge user bare. Management stvport 6 excaUeM as m the 
tachmsei pre/ooo setae sf f rr t. 

Enenenca' Mn/nwo or office eutoreabon backgrounds covering any hardware. Ft* tranng 
be given where requred. The words 'reergy. enthuS3Sm, confidence, good Back record" 
are regutarty spoken here but genuine career prospects of mmrttg ario new market areas and 
into management should Da noted end gaten carebl consIdBreoon. Recent suooessU cants- 
dans Ci thm feet iota were:- let down, bored, taotaog tar a eftdange or )wt reedy to now move 
no "The Job". They ware serious about c ftengnQ jcu and domg sometlimg about tMr 


Evening numbers 
until 10pm:- 

0990 25639 
03727 22531 

to tat* on greater ree 


Wtranmwa. Appfcreta tram sotlware hour 
ba puticutany userid but wfl be gwn e nacascary. 

'star — awHWope wrih oppoiMiay to wort wdiwaw 
i worts. Good compary berelte. You wt be encouraged 
leading to p romotion m m tree to FtaanctaUGankg 

Several po abta ns are 
. contatams have bare a n fm aly repress e d and 
i and only a law are offered jebs • “(My the bast 
i c&ndarde are Drint you haw coma to 

toot standanta are hl^i and ud ia tt 
keen to jon - the company are vary 
wS do". U ths a your altitude red 
cafl tor tanber Monrafion and a 
REF. TYA 1162 

t* * suddetatd dstusuw rind (tree end wasy otter woncus, price coneo one of m tatsutoats. We re tan spetreisss a assseog tatre nmols tnrtaeg mesess and wsbwg to mrei b flw UX 

6th Floor, Empire House, 175 Piccadilly, London W1Z 9DB Telephone: 01-409 2844, 01-439 ^02 (24 hours). 





£16k BASE c £40k OTE 
Ing rts Sales Force and 

This major subsidiary of a leading American manufacturer is expanding its sales force ana 
is recruiting successful Sales Professionals to sell its exciting near product range into the 
IBM mainframe market place. The products indude Relational Database. 4G Land Electronic 
Mail Software packages. The successful applicants should be In possession of a track record 
of high achievement gained selling related products into the IBM mlnEAnainframe market 
place. These positions represent the first stage of a planned business expansion and will 
present definite opportunities of career advancement for the ambitious. In addition to the 
very achievable on target eamingson offer; other generous benefits indude non -contributory 
pension, private health care, health insurance and a substantial guarantee. 

REF TB 13255 




One of the leading and most successful data communications companies in the U.K. is 
urgently recruiting far a new key position. The position of Major Accounts Manager requires 
the combined skills of large account development and team management The successful 
applicant should be a top sales professional with several years major account development 
experience at a senior level within the datacomms industry. The brief will be lo maximise 
profitability of a select list of Major Accounts through your own sales expertise as well as 
through the motivation of your own sales team. The seniority of this role is reflected in the 
elient earnings package. Other benefits include definite career advancement in this 

excel I 

growing company, quality company car, pension and BUPA. 




£14k BASIC £30h OTE 
This dynamic micro computer sales organisation is recognised as one of the leading 
independent business systems groups In the (LK. Following their explosive but planned 
growi. giving an impressive turnover in excess of £15mi!lion. they are seeking successful 
Sales Executives to complement their existing highly profitable teams The key criteria arc- 
self-motivation, and a proven track record in business micro sales such as IBM and Compaq. 
Their impressive portfolio of clients Includes numerous public companies This isa superb 
opportunity to Jo In an established, rapidly'growing company who have gained nationwide 
credibility In the total solutions sales arena. Excellent company benefits include backup 
from top technical support divisions, high earnings Incentives and a choice of superior 
company car. REF TL 13563 



REF TL 13562 

£40k OTE 
£20k BASIC 

considerable success through 

tware packages. 

ig i _ 

Existing users among the extensive client base include leading Merchant Banks and 
Insurance companies. The successful applicant should possess a track record showing high 
achievement gained selling financial systems or consultancy in the City, combined with a 
highly professional approach and the ability to generate new business. This represents an 
outstanding opportunity to join a respected and specialised organisation with further career 
advancement a strong possibility. In addition to the very achievable on target earnings on 
offer there is also a non-contributory pension, private health care, company car and a 


r TB 13269 




To maintain their leading edge in the development of large sophisticated Global Banking 
Systems, the l ufo i matio n Systems Division of this International Merchant Bank wish to 
' ctLeadecs. The successful applicants are likely to have extensive 

Foreign Exchange anahr Money Market Systems as these 
j being developed. The Project Leaders appointed should 
be self motivated individuals who not only lead by example but have a proven ability to 
communicate and work under pressure to tight timescales. Developments are centred on 
IBM equipment, however, the company place more importance on busi ness awa re ness than 
a particular hardware experience. The salary and benefits on offer reflect the importance 
ofthese roles. REF TR 13070 


TO £25,000 
+ CAR (£8,000) 


TO £20,000 
* CAS 

h is on foryoung Graduate Analysts and Programmers, to develop systems ready 
Jig Bang. This is never more apparent than at this City based firm of Management 
ants, who are specialising in tne development of Dealer Roam. Foreign Exchange 


The rush 
for the Bl_ 

Consultants, who are specialising in the development of Dealer Roam. Foreign Exchange 
and Investment Management systems Ideally aged mid 20's to late 30‘s and possessing a 
good degree, candidates should have gained several years experience in Data Processing 
and preferably a broad knowledge of a variety of applications. Banking experience although 
preferable, is not essential, as fuff training wilt be given In this and arty new hardware&oft ware. 
Salaries are excellent dependent on experience in addition to comprehensive benefits. 

REFTP 12996 

Our client Is an international company who are currently providing banking systems on a 
worldwide basis. At present they require a Systems Analyst or Consultant to complement 
the section which is responsible for the portfolio investment management systems. 
Candidates should have considerable knowledge of investment banking systems and a 
proven track record of ana lysis and design. Suitable applicants should have good academic 
qualifications, the determination to excel in a demanding environment and possess 
communicative skills expected of high calibre professionals. The company will review salary 
after four months service and in addition will reward employees who are prepared to work 
abroad on a temporary basis In addition to a very competitive salary, the benefits package 
includes a company car of your choice. BUPA and a pension scheme. REF TM 13552 



A number of international consultancies and systems houses are currently recruiting 
Consultants with a communications background. They will be advising clients from a variety 
of areas inicudlng finance, industry and science, on nardware&ofLware selection, planning 
and implementation. Candidates presently performing a technical, support or marketing 
role are invited to apply, particularly those who have worked for a large user or major 
computer or rommunkstions supplier. Degree level education, business acumen and good 
inter-personal skills are essential. 

- REFIT 13404 


We have many other National and International vacancies, please contact one of oar Consultants for details. 



Business pfoplu in thlplofll 

24hrs (TO. lilies) . [ ,'2" 01 : 4 35:83.0 2., 
. ' ;• 3 ‘S-O'l-437 59.94' 

evenings ’& Weekends (0892' 2S736' • 

. . '1(0252)27703 . - 




re, the consultant 
really be a seller 


By William Jacot 

The term consultant has long 
been abused. In many disci- 
pljnesand professions, consul’ 
lant has become synonymous 
with sales rep in disguise. 

The computer world is cer- 
tainly no exception; but it has 
developed its own twists and 
associated risks. Those em- 
ploying consultants for their 
computer expertise are per- 
haps made especially vulnera- 
ble to malpractice by the 
carefully nurtured mystique 
surrounding computers and 
the ill-disciplined nature of 
the computer market place. 

While the hard-nosed busi- 
ness man or woman will not 
easily be taken in by the 
consultant covertly selling in- 
surance, pensions, advertising 
or similar services, his igno- 
rance of matters computing, 
further confused by protective 
jargon, leaves him exposed to 
the sophisticated marketing 
techniques that have been 
developed to sell computers 
and their software. 

With a little care, such 
disguised selling carried out 
directly by equipment suppli- 
ers. software bouses and com- 
puter bureaux may be 
exposed, identified and placed 
in the correct business per- 
spective. Such marketing tech- 

niques are by no means 
unethical and create merely a 
nuisance value until so 

The real risk, however, is 
when consultants with appar- 
ently impeccable backgrounds 
undertake to provide advice 
from a base which has neither 
the independence nor the up- 
to-date experience to provide 
the professional knowledge 
and standards required 

The accountancy profession 
is one sucb example which is a 
source of some concern within 
the computer industry. Who 
better one might think to 
advise on a proposed comput- 
er system than one's own 

A company's firm of ac- 
countants. often viewed as 
“uncle auditor" might seem 
the natural source of advice, 
especially with the accounting 
ledgers still providing nearly 
every small company's first 
computer application. No- 

body would expect or suspect 
one's accountants to have an 

axe to grind, but many do. 

The large firms of auditing 
accountants have had their 
consultancy wings for many 
years. Some of these maintain 
a staff of more than 100 
consultants professionally or- 
ganized and of varied skills. 
3ut it is little known that most 

of them are also in the 
business of selling either com- 
puter equipment or software. 

Such activities must be said 
to limit the objectivity of their 
advice and the independence 
of their selection techniques. 
A recent report exposed the 
way in which such activities 
are hidden behind a fog of 
evasion and excuses. 

Among the middle-size and 
smaller accountancy firms, 
deals have sometimes been 
struck between the accountan- 
cy firm and computer suppli- 
er, whereby commercial 
inducements are made to 
recommend certain suppliers. 

Given that the businessman 
seeking advice discovers or is 
told of the commercial ties of 
his accountant, what are the 
risks to which he then exposes 

There is the matter of 
independence. A would-be 
computer buyer expecting ad- 
vice on which computer 
equipment and software best 
matches his business require- 
ments. has a right to expect 
sucb advice to be free from all 
commercial interests of the 

The risks to the business- 
man of accepting the advice of 
a consultant with business 
ties, however slight, is finan- 
cial as well as procedural 

Salesmen consultants work on 
commission and would tend 
to gain up to three times their 
client's fee from the hardware 
and software suppliers. Such a 
consultant must at least be 
tempted to recommend the 
biggest technological bundle. 

There is more to it than just 
independence and objectivity. 
Consultants influenced in 
their choice by equipment 
software or auditing experi- 
ence and lies may well lack 
that broader knowledge of 
computing and business than 
are an essential part of the 
adviser's expertise. 

How can the small-firm 
accountant, recently expen in 
his own system, advise on the 
requirements of a client for 
such varied applications as 
process control graphics, net- 
work and CAD? Computer 

systems now control a 
company's total operations, 
not merely the accounts 

Some such accountants are 
reported to have burnt their 
fingers. Advice given to clients 
too hastily based on insuffi- 
cient experience has led to 
court actions for lack of 
professional duty of care. 

The computer world has 
made belated and hesitant 
steps towards confining con- 
sultancy standards and moni- 
toring their activities. 

My own professional body, 
the APCC, has made a start in 
the right direction with a strict 
code of conduct for its mem- 
bers which demands both 
independence and high stan- 
dards of professional conduct. 

There have been calls for 
legislation. If the accountancy 




! ■" : \ m ? Vy 1 ' * 

• ■ s - % * . fj* • 4*\ J 

j mm 

777? advanced technology of the Atari l 040 STFis in 
complete contrast to its low price. 

The benefits lor you a re many, but principally this incredibly 
intelligent Personal Computer has enormous capacity tor 
storing information and is wonderfully easy to understand 
and use. 

And at £799' ~ it costs very Me to discover hew useful it 
can be in the running of a company. 

Accounting, word processing, stock control — all the < 
important tasks can be carried out quickly and effortlessly. 

Forthe ‘Buffs' amongstyou, we have included ourvital 
statistics, but forthose of you with other things on your 
mind, suffice it to say that ~ the Mega Atari is a Megasfara* 
solving your business problems. 

*£799 exc/. VAT with mono monitor, £999excf. V/ffwHh 
colour monitor. 

British high-flier 
clips its 

American wing 

and computer people cannot 
put their own houses in order, 
it needs to be done for them. A 
self-regulating body, hacked 
by the force of tew might do 

One thing is certain, be- 
cause computers are here to 
stay the need for professional 
standards is proven if their : 
potential in business and ax i 
home is to be unhindered by 
excessive and risk. 

The computer buyer has the 
protection of the law on his 
side regarding a supplier's 
obligations to provide systems 
which are of merchantable 
quality and fit for the purpose 
provided and demands a duty 
of care by the supplier in the 
support provided. 

William Jacot is a member of 
The Association of Profession- 
al Computer Consultants. 


British microcomputer 
company, Apricot 

Computers, is to seflrfs 

Amwican arm. Apriwt ino, 

for a nominal sum after losses 
to the US of £14 miHion. 

During its 14-month history 

sates were only $4 mitnon ana 

the sale foSows a history of 
British computer companies 
unable to gain a reasonable 
share of a market dominated 
by huge American 
computer corporations. ^ 

At Apricot toe., which win 
be sold to two managers of the 
company. US sales 
dropped to 200 personal, 
computers a month from a 



A company's market value 
is the market price ot its stock 

muffipfed by the number of 
common shares ft has 
outstandtog.ffl 1966. AT a T 
ranked as number 1 to market 
value at $99. t bfflton. 

General Motors wes second at 
SQ1.7 bfflton arid IBM third 

peak of 1 .000. Money for t 
venture - acknowledged £ 
the time to be a high-risk c 
was rafted through a 
British hotdtog company, 
Apricot Ltd. Shareholders 
are expected to be able to 
convert their holdings into 
the main British 




Tbe values are adjusted for 
inflation to make them 
comparable to currant 
values, the magazirfe sa»d.By 
1975 IBM was met at $56.4 
MBon dollars, AT & T was 
second at $49.8 tellion and 
Exxon third 2tS33.8 teuton. 

■ For weeks, peoptehave 
been traveffing from far ana 

roA^hlhO ruv 

mrnm m 









Power Without the Price 


commonly asked 
Questions about the Data 
Protection AcLNearty ad 
computer uses of personal 
Information must be registered 
by May 11. 

The booklet Indudes a took 
at whether the holding of data 
for payroll, pensions and 
accounts purposes has to be 
registered. Says the 
registrar. "These activities are 
ones where many users 
may Incorrectly assume they 
are automatically exempt" 
Pamphlets on the Act are 
available free from 
WBmstow (0625) 535777. 

■ Europe's first computer- 
disc factory using tWiWfikn 
technology has started 
limited oroduction to north 

Wales. Previously thto-fBm 
products were produced only 
on the west coast of 
America and In Japan. 

The reason Europe took so 
long to enter the field, said 
Dennis Mahoney, managing 
director erf the company, Data 
Magnetics is that "nrstfy 
very tew people to the world 
know how to make the 
product and It is very difficult to 
maka Secondly it needs an 
immense amoimt of capital 

■ Not only will busy 

executives be able to fiB 

tmveOng time fay using a 
portable computer, they can 
new insert dtegrams into 
their computer whBe on the 
move, using what is 

*<rif -contained portable 
ntotter” bv manufacturers 

Penman Products, tt.usei 
a rechargeable battery pack. 
w0 work wftfa most makes 
ef computer arid costs from 

Technology to an electronic 
switching centre failed and for 

half&e i n tero a fo naUafe 18 
placed from 400 pay 
phones around town went 
through without charge. 

Ted Spencerva Befl 

' -:dr 

said‘ - Apparentfy a problem 
devetoped iQ, a computer . 
program — ' m the software. 
We don't have a record of the 
caBs that oot throuah. Thev 

■ Dr An Wang, above, 
founder and cha ir man of 
Wang Labor a torie s , was in 
London last week to cotiect 
an honor ar y doct or ate 
from Stilting University, to 
1982 the company 
selected Stirling campus as 
the manufaefumg base for 
Rs personal computers in 
Europe and Know ships 
£130 mffion worth ol 

computers per year. Dr 
Wang Is ctae for another 

The problem became public 
after the arrest last week of an 
terasB vice consul efflegtog 
he and bis wife made a two- 
hour phone call from tin 
lobby of a Sears office building 
without paying. 

■ The success of 
. Amstrad's £450 word 
processor has begun to 
spawn a number of books 
ottering to assist in getting 
to grips with the machine. 

First off the mark was 
Using the PCW82S6, by Mike 
.Garrard, which is already 
going into a second edition and 

Software at £9.96. 

S 'first 

award in Jutyra 
Presidential Medal 

Presidential Medal of liberty 
from President Reagan, an 
award for naturalzed citizens 
who have become leaders 
*r» fhalr field. Dr Wang 
received Ms tint degree 
from a Shanghai 

university before 
moving to the US In 1945 and 

doctorate In 1948. Throe years 
later ha founded Wang 
La boratories. 

In three weeks there wflt 
two further books: Amstrad 
Word Processing on the 
Introducing Amstrad CP/M 
Assembly Language at £9.95, 
for those wanting to 
penetrate the mysteries of the 
computer's operating 
system. Both are written by Ian 
Sinclair and published by 

More than £5 mfflion was 
raised from venture-capital 
investors and a further £5 
mSflon in grants from the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry and the Welsh 
Development Agency. 

■ Passengers on domestic 
flights are to be able to phone 
anywhere to Japan from the 
air from the end of titis month, 
Nippon Telegraph and 
Telephone Corporation (NTT) 
has announced. 

■ The UK’s first Computing 
Recruitment Fair takes place 
this Friday and Saturday a 
the Novotel to London's 
Hammersmith. More than 
30 companies, including British 
Telecom, Barclays and the 
Pructentiai, wffl have booths at - 
the fair, where job-hunters 
m the computing field can go ' 
and apply on the spot 

.the phones are to 
Installed on 80 

TTw idea of fob fairs started 
m Scarefinavia and the 
organizers, Intro UK, plan 
to run two more fairs later this 
year if an goes wefl this 

■ Commodore is to launch 

IBM AT/E 20mb, £29901 

Special offer for one week only H IBM Personal — 

S^aJofferforooeweekoulyn fBMPereenal 

SS‘?*L A iT l E ' 512k memorv ' with IBM 
■iOwb hard disk, IJknh flopp> drive, mooo- 

TTT monitor, aerial & parallel interfaces, 

dJ* iiTfcrt manuals ’ AiMtoostx*. 

® M *^ XT lQmh plus 360k, complete, £2295 
Special daunts on IBM Qmetwnter. Vheelprmier, fWmter 

78 Utah 

,ja* , MJWW, — „ it, v«. 

Londor wcw 6 ls 
Telephone 01-831 0644 Tam 262546 

' T ■ ■ - 

^jj j 

i^mwn i n i inn** 


[j . > 

-\ »^.-v "Wi'f 
■ ‘ V ; ' r»r, 

• 4 m 





(Legal Executive) 

Legal Department, Marylebone 

The British Waterw^s Board is responsible for 2.000 miles of Inland 
Waterways in England, Scotland and Wales. 

. "^ ie Department at the Board's headquarters office at Mel bury House 

require an Assistant who is capable of working with a minimal degree of supervision 
to assist in general litigation work. This includes, debt recovery, prosecutions, 
possession and personal injury in both High Court and County Court. 

Applicants should hold associate membership of the Institute of Legal 
Executives and be or intending to study for fellowship. 

. The salary and benefits package is attractive and includes a contributory 
pension scheme (transfer facilities av ailab le). 

Please write for an application form to Psrsonnel Manager {South). British 
Waterways Board, Willow Grange, Church Road, Watford. Herts WDl 3QA, 
quoting reference number 31/33. 

Closing date 25 April 1986. 


We compete on service, speed and the 
ability to get inside the client s mind” 

My client, one of the fastest growing members of the “top ten", is looking to recruit 
solicitors with experience of general corporate work, ideally gained in the City. 

You world be a member of a small team within the company department - servicing the 
broad range of UK and overseas companies with client contact at board level. The 
combination of a lively client list and a forward-looking philosophy ensures that you will 
have a wide variety of stimulating work. Partnership, too, could be refreshingly early. 

These are career openings for talented young solid tors who can show an awareness of the 
role that lawyers today can play in the dramatic evolution of the City. 

Apply hi confidence with full written details, quoting reference 2135 to Mrs Indira Brown, 
Corporate Resourcing Group Limited. 6 Westminster Palace Gardens, Artillery Row, 
London SW1P 1RL. Telephone 0 1-222 5555. 

Corporate Resourcing Group 

Management Consultants • Executive Search 
Pan of Bemdtson International 





i -«-■ 

Company Lawyer 

■ Are your talents going to waste? 

■ Have you hived-up, hrved-down and reversed in? 

. ■ Does PAL mean more to you than canine sustenance? 

■ Have you played Russian Roulette, exercised a Texas option 
or been tickled by a tickler clause? 

■ Are you extrovert and hungry for responsibility? 

■ Do you have a sense of humour? 

If all or most of these things apply to you and you have between 
two and five years’ post-qualification experience, we would be 
delighted to hear from you. You will be undertaking high quality 
work in the fields of acquisitions, flotations, venture capital, joint 
ventures, corporate finance and other exciting things. This 
opportunity will suit someone who is keen to work in a close, 
communicating, diverse department and seeking more rapid career 
advancement in a medium sized but expanding practice. 

Salary and benefits will be attractive and will fully reflect the 
responsibility of the position. 

So if you want an opportunity to do full justice to your abilities, 
please apply to Derrick Morgan, SpeechJy Bfrcham, Bouverie 
House, 154 Fleet Street, London EC4A 2HX. 


37/41 Bedford Bow, 
London WC1R 4JH 
Telephone 242 3191 



for thefr expanding 
Conveyancing. Commercial 
Litigation and Company & 
Commercial Departments. 

Attractive salary and 
prospects for right applicants. 

Write with CV or telephone 
reference DT. 

Ore eked a neopnsed red «- 
maid irertwt sued Cay 
padd seeks to wpM es 
Coauasy Canwmai team- 
met mdh e iigfcb nometed 
viator «db 19 to 5 yean rale- 
(om pit Qidkoton 

Ike surnwW apptoam wd be 

essary dme and erttusam to 
ondefBfce a quauy wort- 
hed The dosen eamhdaa aril 
me genera attract of Wa- 
ttes. take over, pot wares. 

The awna pstaffl w® be 
b0Wy straeM xOmtn aty 
p a nne rete p a tte actassM ap- 
pl aH who MHs the potent* 
ej ected of hni or her nspec* 
twy Then s also die 
oppof tn ty Id future appoift- 
tnets ouEto a tte U eaed 
ftnpdsre wdtre tte netoQ prac* 

£pw < P erscmn el 

legal pretem wiam 
95 AftfiryCb. London WC2B4JF 
T0.D1 -242 0785. ton m — 

Badbnoch & Clark 



This medium seed hrm of &}liritois ts currently seekmg to 
soengihen thus expanding department with a number of 
quality Lawyers An Increasing range of high quality work 
is available to applicants with up to lour years Company/ 
Commercial experience Prospects and remuneration for 
suitable candidates axe excellent. 


Our client a leading Stockbrokers, seeks a research 
analyst 10 develop a new role in support ol its corporate 
finance department. Applicants in their mid 20 's will have 
a large City firm training, and may possibly’ be working m a 
Merchant Bank or a financial PR company. Numeracy is 
essential as is famdianry umh a wide range of business 
sectors, and the ability to produce assessments rapidly and 
accurately in an elegant writing style. 


£18,000 -£26.000 

On behalf ol several clients, substantial British Merchant 
Banks, we aie recruiting recently admitted Solicitors. Ideal 
candidates will be in their mid 10 laze 20s and will have 
gained experience of hanking related transactions in the 
company/com meroal department of a leading City hrm 
Salaries will be highly competitive and will attract a full 
range of banking benefits inducing mortgage subsidy. 



Our client a leading City firm of Solicrtore. require a 
recently admitted graduate Soholor for thetr well 
established Private Clients Department. Duties will entail 
advisory at all levels on Capital Taxes Planning and 
tndude'a high degree of chent contact Excellent prospects 
for committed candidates 

For details of these and other opportunities, com art Jnhn Chiton. 

Legal and Financial Recruitment Specialists 
1 6-1 8 New Bridge St, London EC4V 6AU Telephone: 01 -583 0073 

% > * . - 
V ••€ - • 








nnminiMi nrwuni for iwb ruhob*. 



far fattmmiannu EnaBMi iMunMna — ctfltvg tomay 1 country 

Uw Annual Central IliUim of 


praparrd fa >r«xau outstoa far UK (not Mkfcfle East. Far Eto» 
or ffouBwn HfaWmL BHm air tar to UK Ml wn». 

One Hundred and Sixtieth Annual 
General Meeting of the Mem ben will be 

held in 150 St Vincent Street, Glasgow, 


by Kensington family with 2 . boys (2 & 7 years). 
Kindness and intelligence more important don 
lengthy experience. Must be driver, non-smoker 
and ultra clean Good salary and accommodation 
offered. Serious mate applicants also considered. 

TEL: 01-937 938fr 

at Noon. 

By Order erf - the Directors 


■LA. Mtoto 

HampcMra RGafSX 
tm Rtport ond Accnunto _«w 

Hop to the Secretory- 

Chief General Manager and Actuary 

150 St Vincent Street, 1 

Glasgow, G2 5NQ. ^=j 

14th March, 1986. 1 JL \ 



Rsort retractions have been 
takes! (ran ow barfing client 
p ractical who seek afie ant 
ambtious young sofcrtors to 
ensure ttanr continued excel- 
lent reputation and growth. 
Those apptaants who are of 
pvtentar ekeresi are recently 
afmrtted sototors. who wsfi 
to develop demanding and re- 
warding careen n the 
Company Cotrmtdto and 
Comraarcial Conveyancing 
Mds of law. However, those 
oeurfy gaffied sofciors who 

wish to develop a career n 

Litigation, ei not be efisap- 

pointod try the considerable 

Queer of vacancies regotered 

■oft us n ttts ifebptine. 

&w‘P ersonn el 


Ttt 01 *420785 .arnmmmm 



Rudd Watts & Stone is a large New Zealand law firm (32 partners), having offices 
in Auckland. Wellington and New Plymouth. It seeks barristers and solicitors to join its 
practice in Auckland or Wellington. It is expected that the positions offered will be of 
particular interest to New Zealanders who have been studying or practising law in the 
United Kingdom, and who now wish to return to New Zealand. Applications from other 
suitably qualified people will, however be welcomed. 

The firm is looking in particular for persons who already have experience, or wish 
to specialise, in the fields of taxation, company takeovers and mergers, construction 
and energy, merchant banking and finance, commercial litigation, and intellectual 

Working conditions are first-class, and there are excellent prospects for the right 

A partner will be in London during the week commencing Monday, 5 May 1986, 
and will be available to interview applicants during that week. 

Written applications, including full CV, should be addressed to 
Rudd Watts & Stone, do Aldwych House, Aldwych, London WC2. 

Legal Services 

If you’re an ambitious and enthusiastic lawyer with 
plenty of mental muscle, take a look at Richards _ 
Butler for your next career move. 

We are a substantial City firm of Solicitors who 
match a young outlook with the highest standards of 
professionalism to give our clients a personal and 
comprehensive service. 

There are 41 partners and a total staff of 230, 

working in a very friendly, stimulating 
environment where drive and ability are fully 
reco ty nised. The 1st of May will see another 10 
partners promoted; we mean it when we say there are 

genuine partnership prospects. 

Besides generous salaries and other benefits, we offer 
challenging and varied work with excellent 
opportunities to cover areas of law which may be of 
special interest to you. 

We arc interested in personable solicitors, whether 
newly qualified or with post-qualification 
experience. You may even have your own chent 
following. Below are just some of our vacancies - if 
vou don’t see anything that interests you this week, 
keepaneyeout for om ad in next Tuesday’s Times. 

The Strong Arm of the Law 

Company/ Commercial 


Make no mistake, we’re grateful for our ever-growing 
workload but more walling hands and quick brains 
are needed . We are looking for lawyers up to 4 years 
qualified, including recentiy qualified, who would 
like a wide variety of quality corporate finance and 
commercial work (and who have the resilience not to 
be buried underneath it all). 


We have vacancies for two lawyers qualified up to 3 
years to assist in financing transactions, usually 
involving ships and aircraft in this energetic and 
growing department. 


Two people are required, preferably in their mid- 
twenties, one who wishes to specialise in mainly 
business orientated tax, and one with a bias towards 
personal tax. Some experience would be desirable 
and the positions are open to lawyers, accountants 
and others with the necessary background training 
and academic ability. 

Hong Kong is an exciting place to work and our 
vibrant and enthusiastic office is expanding fast. 
There are vacancies for corporate, finance and 
shipping lawyers with up to 3 years’ experience in the 
relevant field. 

Abu Dhabi is an important commercial centre in the 
UAE. Qur office needs an able and adaptable 
assistant, who has at least 2 years post-qualification 
experience, to undertake commercial and banking 
work. The successful applicant will spend about 2 
years in Abu Dhabi, enjoying a most attractive 
financial package. 

Incidentally, we do employment, entertainment, 
matrimonial, pension and probate work too. If you 
are really good in any of these fields, you may like to 

Next week: Litigation, Pensions, Property and 

Please write with full C.V. to: 

Mrs A.E. Gabriel, Richards Butler, 5 Clifton Street, London EC2A 4DQ 

Our People are our Strength 

>e an 

fD Q 

We specialise in handling 
disputes arising from all 
aspects of trade and commerce 
around the world; we have a 
busy office in Hong Kong. 

We are committed to growth 
and need more solicitors to 
handle an increasing number of 
complex cases. 

We believe in early partnership 
and in allowing our solicitors to 
operate independently and to 
use their initiative. 

If you are ambitious, have a 
good sense of humour and 
would like to know more, write 
to Mrs. Indira Brown, 

Corporate Resourcing Group, 

6 Westminster Palace Gardens, 
Artillery Row, London SW1P 1RL 
or telephone 01-222 5555 or, 
if you prefer, between 8 .00 p.m. 
and 9.00 p.m . on 01-480 6666. 

/he j o\p 


iv'j; S\ 

The Young Solicitors’ Guide 

Invaluable advice for young solicitors in the 
early stages of their careers, from 
Reuter Sun-kin, the market leaders in 
legal recruitment. 


PI : Tl H -r.’r lM rr> Ftl TCRMMKINLTO P\LMCRFiiX& FT\ltS 

I’M'Tu il"uy 

IV l J ‘ Th: Halt." tw* I liA^iw 

I 1 ‘A ' f l U intht'wr H jOI» ■« C J <IT 

1 "if.O librtoor if'-C S*i; 

h>- t.viu Jl Iv bar ^ 

F3© © 

Within The Stock Exchange there is a small, highly- 
prcfesstonal team which provides legal advice on all matters 
relevant to our activities. The subject areas are extremely 
vaned and provide a major challenge as the legal aspects of 
most Slock Exchange activities are of considerable 
imoortance and complexity. 

WW the increasing amount of work carried on m-house. there 
is now an excellent career opportunity for someone with at 
least 5 years' relevant post-qualification experience who has 
the ability to respond fo the demands of a changing j* 


Your mam areas of involvement will include: self- regulatory 
issues (including The Stock Exchange Rules and 
Regulations): genera! commercial law relevant to Slock 
Exchange dealings and the conduct of litigation and 
arbitration. You will also have responsibility for liaison with 
external legal advisers. Disciplinary Appeals proceedings and 
the legal aspects of Stock Exchange contractual matters 
(including m2jor licensing and procurement agreements in an 
international context). 

The salary is negotiable and will reflect the experience we are 
seeking for this senior legal position. A first-class benefits 
package will include a company car. 

Please write with a full c.v. . or telephone tor more details, to: 
Jennifer Gregson. Personnel Manaoer, The Stock Exchange. 
Old Broad Street, '.ondon EC2N iHP. 

Telephone: 01-5SS 2355 text. 28123). 

ij Are looking for 

\ A 2 . 3 T 8 GA 71 CM S 0 LJCiT©a,'L£ 6 &L EXECUTIVE 

3 v.iih sulfided experience to run a busy Civil 
d Liitgaiion Department with emphasis on P-L 

? .-'ni-Ir -I Ui.imtlnu nFlVii C nmrWiiliVfi sala- 

\ work ci iheir Huunslow ofilce. Competitive sala 
| tv, pension and a quality car. 

TaU S3r. Weston US-570 5471. 

lawn firm flofnew ana 
■wne cotnmmUJ £11.000 
Wpws Consultants 093B 

NOMWinimoW w«uw 
vHKiior MraitM 2 3 Mira 
Cornwall fawn firm £11.000 
te'csMS CattwiI loots 09JS 

NORTH LONDON Prscttcr nnres 
Cwaamr Iran 3 Iran 
QuaxiiM. c.«a«M * Panwr. 
Mltn prM 0 Mt&. MernUDi Sect! 
01 6Bi O05S 

murnn Muom ss » 

I cff civil and criminal wort 
OWdon £ 10.000 wow Can- 
maiianu 0935 5618S 

L c - 

£12,885 - 

Soitios aid Baristas «#» experi- 
ence and abiitty in criminal tar 
practice and advocacy are invited to 
apply tor a number « posts now re- 
call in the Office of the County 
Prosecuting Sofator. 

There are racancas at as tw ftwr 
offices at Chester. Crewe. Maccfes- 
fiekl and Warrington. The work 
invokes manly advocacy In the 
Magistrates’ Courts, orepaia^a of 
cases in the Crown Court and the 
giving of advice to the Police. 

The Prosecution of Offences Ad 1985 
introduces a national Groan Proswa- 
tjon Service wfth effect in Chests® 
from 1 October 1886. ft is intended 
that aU successful candidates w8 ho 
transferred to Pn new service atttat 
tone as Grown Prosecutors. 
Applications toon* md foriMr 
detaite are avaBsbta tram 

Administration a Rmoumaa t ; 

vision. Cowty Ha«, Chatter , 
CHI 1SF. Tefc 602368. 

Closing data 30tb Apif 198&AI 
applicants vriff bo eonaidared 
on the bosta of suHabWy far 
the posts, regardless ot sex, 
race, marital s ta tus , reSgioa or 


Turner & Newall, a diversified group of 
companies in the UK and overseas, 
manufactures components and materials for 
the automotive, plastics and construction 
industries. The group has plans to expand by 
acquisition in the UK, USA and Europe. 



... to join the Legal Department at our Head 
Office in Manchester. Reporting to the Group 
Solicitor, you will handle a variety of legal work 
including contract drafting and negotiation, 
industrial property agreements and 

Aged in your late twenties, you should have at 
least two years' post qualification experience. 

Salary will be compet i tive and benefits include 
company car, BUPA and relocation help, K 

Please write, in confidence, enclosing fuff 
personal and career details to: JIM, AtU i u ca. 
Group Solicitor, Turner &NewaflPLC,P.O. Boot 
20, Ashburton Road West. Tnrfford Park, 
Manchester Ml 7 IRA. 

^ a BjUn Mmer& 
HAW Newall put 

A member al the 1 
Turner & NewaB I 
Croup j 


Buttenvarths, the leading UK law pabfahwn, 
are looking for a Senior Sub-Editor for the 
Encyclopaedia of Forms sod Precedents. The 
position is in tire department which provides 
an updating service to both the fourth and fifth 
editions of the Encyclopaedia and involves 
writing and editing material for all se ct io n s of 
the Encyclopaedia and indades acme comnas- 
sioning work from tone to ti m e- 
Applicants shook! be solicitors with experience 
in practice which, although it need not indoda 
specialisation in any particular area, should 
include the prepara tion of_ documents of the 
type found in the Encyclopaedia- Previous 
publishing experience is not n e ces s a ry hut tire 
ability to identify and assimilate changes in 
the law, to express legal concepts dearly and 
concisely and to work quickly and accu rate ly 

Salary c. £12,700 per annum; terms and concK- 
tiens in accordance with NUJ agreement 
Please apply in writing, together with CV, not 
later than 28 Apr3l986 to: 

kO Coi 



Expanding West London firm 
require Solicitore/Legal Execu- 
tives of sound Conveyancing 
experience for its successful new 
Chiswick office. 

Attractiv e terms available 
with good prospects for ambitious 
and dynamic applicants willing 
and able to participate in the 
growth of the Practice. 

All enquiries should be ac- 
companied by personal CVa and 
addressed to:- 

S. J. Cummins, 
Burfield Lodge, 
Old Windsor, 
Berks, SL4 2LH. 

(Tel: (0753) 850061) 



Dixons rapidly expanding property 
development division is seeking an 
Assistant to work in its Legal 

The successful candidate is likely to 
be aged between 25 and 30 with a 

minimum of 2 years experience in 
dealing with commercial property, 
gained m either private practice or a 
. relevant commercial environment 

Please send C.V. and details of cur- 
rent salary to:- 




government litigation and employment Jaw matters. 

Senior Legal Assistants 


Senior Legal Assistants must be solicitors 

recent practical experience in a legal office, or ha«cOTrtp«^etomwieogei»seo m 
systematic legal study, or have very substantial practice expense. 


You would advise and represent the Authority on empk^m^feW' pensions, 
compensation, health and safety and related matters. Ren fboi a 


You would advise and represent the Authority on local government Jaw, financial 
issues, statutory dates arid contracts. Reft FB035 

Assistant Solicitors 


Applicants must be soGotors or barristers with 3 years recent experience in a legal 
office, or have comparable legal knowledge. 

(Waste Regulation Section) 

This new post has been created as a result of the formation of the London Waste 
Regulation Authority, which will deal with the regulation of waste disposal in.the Greater 
London area. You will advise on and conduct criminal prosecution under the Control or 
Pollution Act 1974 and other enforcing legislation. Reft FBQ20 


To assist in providing legal advice on and handling prosecutions and enforcement 
work and to handle the conduct of civil litigation cases brought against the Authority. 
Reft FBQ21 

Trainee Legal Executive 


You would assist in the work of the department generally, which indudes the conduct 
erf cases brought against the Authority in industrial tribunals and under civil litigation, 
giving advice on employment and health and safety law and handling prosecutions under 
enforcing legislation. You must be an Associate of the Institute of Legal Executives and 
have passed Part 1 of the Institute's Fellowship examinations or have comparable legal 
knowledge. Reft FB036 

The LFCDA is an equal opportunities employer. We invite applications from women 
and men from ail sections of the community* irrespective of their ethnic origin, astore. 
sexual orientation or disability, who have the necessary attributes to do the job. 

For further details and an application form, please telephone Keith Blake 
on 01-587 4860 or 01-587 4875 (ansa phone). 

Completed application forms must be returned to: P3 Section, London Fire Brigade . 
HQ, Albert Embankment London SE1 7SD by 25 April 1 986. Please quote the • 
appropriate reference number. 


London Fire Brigade 


We are looking for abfe and experienced 
lawyers to handle the increased workload in 
our Tax Department . ; 

Applicants should have a first class academic 
record and a sound knowledge of the prin- 
ciples of corporate taxation. Consideration 
will also be given to applicants who are 
Chartered Accountants and now wish to 
pursue a legal career. 

The department engages in all aspects of 
corporate and individual tax and associated 
planning work, especially in the context of 
international business, and some experience 
of international tax planning would be useful. 
The rewards, professionally and financially, 
are very attractive. 

If you would like to find out more, please 
write sending a complete CV to Michael 
Charteris-Black, 14 Dominion Street London 



35 . 

Ka -•- ~c£- 

*W-.. ~ ' ., 

*Sv.-« £,..5 --7 tf ■ * 
‘ J ~ 3 





- •• LL Vr^r tjii. 

V • V | ( • •■ 

S^V^TS^ . , :- r 
^V.V5a-4TS-S-f:. •{? 

? i; ’- 

■ft '1 v 

■„ rn. 
■ p< x 

- i -if JL’L: 

lawyers to join our team which is expanding its 
commercial c as e l oa d for dienes based here 
and abroad ▲ The prospects are excellent for 
candkbtes with a good academic record and the 
energy and commercial attitude essential to 
make a career in this area A The firm also has a 
litigation office in Paris and opportunities exist 
for a foreign posting A Both experienced and 
recently qualified lawyers are encouraged to 
apply if they have the ability to take immediate 
responsibility for demanding cases A We are 
offering a competitive remuneration package to 
the right individual A Please write in confidence 
with full curriculum vitae to our staff partner 
John Moisson, 20 Essex St, London WC2R 3AL 





Weae an expanding City Centre Finn in mdoem Offices acting for Institutional and Company clients. The 
work « challenging and regarding and there are excellent prospects. 

commercial Department and will have the opportunity 
Finn. Please write with foil Curriculum Vitae to> 

connnumg expansion 




Speedily Bireham 


We are looking for an aWe Lawyer of 
more than two years post qualification 
family law experience to join our private 
client team. The work involves 
negotiation and conclusion of 
substantial matrimonial cases and 
settlements- There is no legal aid work. 
The successful applicant will have a 
sound working knowledge of tax and 
trust law. ... ... .• 

Salary and benefits will be attractive and 
will fully reflect the responsibilities of 
the post 

Please write in confidence with 
curriculum vitaeto Peter Grose-Hodge, 
Speechly Bircham, Bouverie House, 

154 Fleet Street, London EC4A 2HX. 

£5,328 - £6,753 

An emHM oppOTtarttr tor (MM wtotono t» tota Cor ■ pi 
Haflonal career. AppUeanans an tnvftad mn tma wm la 
u m itf rt ed or »f» Hof Ip Mae final Bit ton 

Apply Cor mttner tnfonoaaoo ml an wHIMHW form to: 
C J UMk| b« (A MMtar, 

ijn and Waar, HOI IH 
(Tab TpmM, mU « >■»/« WM) 


Applications are invited from Barristers, 
Solicitors or other suitably qraMkd perrons for 
the pos of Omit Oerk ai Wigm Magistrates 
Court. The annual salary will be within me scale 
£8,178 to £9,594. . . . - _ 

The successful applicant will be required to act as 
dcris in all courts and be responsible tar otho- 
administrative dories. Any necessary training wfl 
be given in post. Applications, mark ed 
“contidrntiar giving foe name and addreuw 
two refcrees shouia reach me not later than 23rd 

Te£(0942) 43706. 


in North London seeking urgently 
an unqualified assistant for pro- 
bate, trust and tax work. 
Experienced. Age 30+. Salary 

Telephone: ref AB 01-904 9333 

Gatrid Duffy Consultancy 

TAX CONSULTANT to £30,000 

The substantial Tax Dep artmen t of this expanding Hoiborn, 
practice has an urgent req u ire men t for a compet e nt Tax Spe- 
cialist. Acting aa both consultant for and advisor to major 
imemarional corporations and ibe firms impressive list of 
privue dien^ ibis cbsnengmg role neces si t ate s 
and experieoce in all areas of peraonai/cocporate tax and 
financial planning. 

Applications win be welcome from candidates with a legal, 
accounting or senior Revenue background. "This is K reward- 
ing position gu ara nteeing job satisfactio n and exceBem 

If you ore interested in the above position or with to discuss 
your future career in tax please do not hesitate to wtur 
Crave Wiseman - Legal tmston. 

Gabriel Duffy House, 17 St Swtthins Lara, 
Cannon Street, London EC4N SAL 
Tel: 01.623 4295 

wci soncrroR 

Small but thriving WCI commercial 
practice with good client base seeks an 
experienced litigator to handle a broad 
range of commercial litigation indoding 
intellectual property work. 

Successful candidate is likely to have 
minimum of S -years experience of com- 
mercial litigation and be able to handle a 
substantial workload unsupervised. At- 
tractive salary and early partnexsnip for 
die right applicant 

Send CVfor the attention of Ref: AR. Box 
F26, The Times, Level 4A. PO BOX 484. 
Virginia Street, London El 9DD, 


WearisOTfl w at *tio dmdi8!qBnritaB»nH«aftptficqiB6 h»t rat»»yiwd 

SmsL We are seetong:- 

1- A Sntotor (prtfaraMy quJrfwri M hit 3 y um) In Bpretofoa to comp an y 
2 nd cawnroal wnL Tbe post offers rha c^vturity to deaft^ «lb a 
wtoty at katana tor nature ie ptaawt art sumxndfags. 

2. A (earn Soltitor tor hkkoMMoib rafc - prfeway c «wwe M 
tocafcwf and brurtt wd l e si dec ttal cotweysn ci na. Tto Bisearful rjipb- 
cadnB tow lto ibfty to pet en naritt Btato HI c on a mn a ti 

- etatt mi to aUe to aMm rem butimsx. (to or cto «■ bwe ttn 
amort of the West fedmotoey- 

3. to Articled CkdL 

Plan witto wto C.V. tcc 

Gould 8 Swayn*. 

SlMi j fa wt . 

Somerset BA6 9AH 
(Ret: 3/to ww B d ) 

mdlmiii -* Shmk 61129 9BV. 
Telephone: 0730 814931. 

-V .;%>V 

RoweS Mow ore established solictors 
who hove recently undergone substantial 
growth resulting in a move to prestigious 
new offices in the Gty of London. 

We now require a young, able solicitor 
to join our expanding Commercial 
Property Department where he/she will 
join a doseiy knit team specialising in 

development end securities orientated 
work. The person appointed will possess 
up to two years qualified conveyancing 
experience and will be eager to meet 
this fresh challenge with a new and 
innovative approach to traditional 

An attractive salary is offered together 

with the normal benefits associated with 
a progressive firm. 

Please send a full CV to our Staff Partner: 
Richard Rowles, 

Rowe & Maw 

20 Biackfriars Lane, London EC4V 9HD 

Rowe & Maw 



(2 POSTS) 

School of Law and Social Science 

Law staff loach across a range of undergraduate. 
Professional and other courses Cut the particular 
expertise required for these two posts are:- 

A) Recent experience in practice as a barrister, 
as a major teaching commitment win be on 
the Bar Finals course. 

B) An expertise in the genera) area of welfare 
law and a parficulHr interest hi the topic of 
race aid the law. 

Salary (Inclusive of London weighting) 

U £7362 - £12285 Ul £9114 - £13983 

Appficaiton forms & further details from> 

The Personnel Officer, EaEng College of Higher 
Education, St Mary's Rd. Ealing, London W5 5RF. 

Closing date: 30th April 1S86. 


Small Gty firm with 150 year family back- 
ground - having pot aside a proposed 
amalgamation - look for two Solicitors to join a 
team responsible for commercial work and 

We would hope that successful applicants would 
be partnership material - bringing with them a 
diem basis of their own * and a personality 
which would maintain a human and sporting 
attitude to work and life. 

Please reply to BOX A57 and all enquiries will 
be heated in the strictest confidence. 


UBgatfam Assistant with minimum of 12 
months practical experience required. 
Qualifies Legal Executive or person 
with at least Part I of the Legal Execu- 
five examinations. Must enjoy working 
under pressure with large workload. 
The position offers varied work in ex- 
panding five-partner practice, shortly 
moving to Holhom. Salary according to | 
experience. 1 

Apply in writing with C.V. to Ashley 
Irons at Brooke Blain Russell, 80/83 
Long Lane, Barbican, London EC1A 9ET 


Wt \ IraS 

ML* are m eking ro rtn.mii Lnvyers of outstanding 
ji nitty Inr our tX|Mm liny Coni| wnv .ntd Commercial Pepanniwit. 
A heavy, hut v.ineil, tvurkhud willeinuinp.iv> ho:h pubk and 
pnvdti - 1 1 mi|>,iiiv tvurk .in tuil .general j ini inieni.iinmjl 
tomnicivu! uansutiniiv Opjn ■niuuiics to -pcciahst? within 
lllenc iiel-Js .ire jv.iil.ibit* 

Sticctsslnl L.indiil.iteswil! haw a commenrial approach 
• and an ability to relate to a wide ranyc ol iiMimtional and 
corpur.itc clients 

Not lev- than one year's relevant e xperience is essential. 

S.ilaty and prospers are excellent 
ApjilicnioiK ivitli lull (TV's to John Hare FCIS, 
Partnership Scaeury, N.ilurro N.iih.inson, 76 Jentn'ii Street. 

London ^IVlYoNR. 



We are instructed by an 
eminent madiucn-Bfcad 
City practice to select 
and introduce a compe- 
tent conveyancing sot- 
ichor, with up to 4 years 
ratov en t post quafHce- 
fioo expolencs. 

The workload ts o» a 
Ngh level and enals 
significant development 
fuKSng vrorX. 

1 The rem u nerati on pack- 
age is very coa psBBv e 
end offers good pattoar- 
•Mp praapact*. 

l&w' tomm net 

I AMwytf). luotfiiii VH3fl Iff. 
1:01-242 B81 «««.— « 


*i Bi» M ing of _ _ 

On Vgtanam L M to d a Hoto 
MtMnr OBIevt 
17 EoaUuuinMso Place. London. 
WCtA 2EH. 

« ■ E hhmujut V General Meet- 
ing 01 lb* MnN» (Holders o( 
CnmnHdated StoflO nr toe above- 
named Comp an y will be Mid at 
17. SouthaniMon Place. London. 
WCI A 2EH on toe 121 I 1 May 
1986 m I2.IO pj»~ for me pur- 
poses of considering, end V 
toouMI OL HMH toe foUowUW 


Assistant Solicitor tv- 
qitind to deal wHh 
genera! matrimonial and 
criminal work Including 
advocacy. Small friend- 
ly firm. Busy general 
practice. Pleas* call: 

Mr FMpnti, 
« 01-4fi) 4661 



required by «e<l rmWishc d 
London WC2 po m e with 
cn panoen. T*o-durc yon 

prefe r red. E mh n l satory- - 
Reply BOX F36. Qnotiog ref j 

Michael Page Partnership's legal Division acts for a wide variety 
of clients both in private practice and in industry, in London and 
the provinces. 

Our extensive client contacts and the high professional standards 
of our legally qualified consultants combine to provide the best 
possible service for solicitors seeking a career change. 

If you would like to find out more about the opportunities that 
are available through us, or would simply like an informal career 
discussion, please telephone Laurence Simons, Simon 
Anderson or How Frederickson on 01-831 2000 (01-802 
8730 evenings/weekends) or write to The Legal Division, 
Michael Page Partnership (UK), 39-41 Parker Street, 
London WC2B 5LH. Strictest confidentiality assured. 

MkJiad ftgs fertnership 

Irtenationd Rcenri tm cm Coraubnts 

LflDfaWtabrBnB&l Bnain^lan MadrenerLeob Ghpw 
BnndtNcvUxk Sydney 
A member of theAdehon BtffPLCgfoip 

manSADIXS one 9-SOam - 
1.30pm and Uw other IJOpm ■ 
BJOwn dotfv required tor eonc- 
tton. nccualomed to cross 
reading muto-cotaur drafts. 
WP. legal dactnnenu. to work 
wtih conpaiui learn. Sdatv 
CA3SO pa. Apply U writing 
Lawrence Graham IPMJ. 6 New 
Square. Uncotol lun. WC2A 


for esUPHshed Devon town 
lirm £ 11.000 Wcnn Consul 

ntUTBK Ultpatton wdlrltor. 
atfiftrarj. crime and matrimo- 
nial. c £12.600 Accord 
Pereoime! 0M6 BI6606 

MON-eoMTEXnOOS eoHdtor fid- 
mined 84. 85 wutfi town Mn Wessex Oomulunts 
0955 26185 

ion guaiiiy firm admitted 
86 86 £ 1 0.000 WeMt Consut- 
Unls 0956 26183. 




. * .* : V m-t 

1. Thai ibe nripnanon of Henry 
Jotm Dunn nncMtt. by reason of 
Ms retirement. 9 Uoinaalor <d 
the Co mpany wHb effect from 
date or buatness pf the Meetup be 

and ts herroy atrepied. 


u- JU i .f.y . 

i 28 *l fo r large firm of acv 
ootmora. Sarang solary 
£9^00. OM sac/pa lo senior 
partner of friendly Govern Gar- 
den Sanction . £9.600. aimm 
S ecretary 125*) wnti convey- 
anonp and WP experience for 
busy wen End nrm of Char- 
toned Surveyors - £8.000 n eg. 
Audio Gee lor email Wen End 
gotna io rs . £9.000. New iota 
every day. Phone Penny at 
AMeman Agency 01-406 720! 

m =& 


Expanding young firm of 
Soda lor* reaulrp unflap- 
pable experienced legal 
secretary preferably with 
Superwriter Word Proces- 
sor experience. Bright new 
offices. Sense of humour a 
bonus. Salary £8.000 
PA+. Please apply in will- 
ing with CV to: 

David Mats. 

David Mills & Co- 
Bank Chambers. 

48 Onflow Cardens. 



PART TIME: tat typM lor WP 
work, leg exs pret. wp naming 
gnen £4 60 per how. Small 
mendiy n/s office EG®. Hours 
to pal. Cfll Thro on OI-5SS 
7107 . 


and Associates 
Recruitment Consultants 
Telephone 01-637 6277 

PARTNERS SEC c £12,000 

G4y Piasbre aceU Ur a canteen Shorthand Saoetn m pm Dm busy 
Aoren (fox General tagd + WP m eswtoi A responsible posfltti otienng 
wwtoiBi l ♦ wety Socenee otto aikimitliaton 


Legal no NOT assntoi 1 A otto vet adli KnaacUyeomnaiaal ta%aund 
lequaed to intonate tufUu9 natta', kv panne of large practice, ht sac 
Huttos doth W mriong m one to one luss 


The Royal Shakespeare Theatre require a 
programmer with a minimum of 1 year’s 
experience in micros. C programming skill 
is essential and knowledge of 8086 as- 
sembler will be useful. 

The work is based in Stratford-upon- 
Avon, although secondment to the RITA 
project will involve visits to customer sites 
to install the RSCs software packages. 
Current work is on networked BT Merlin 
4000 Series and includes Box Office, Ac- 
counting and Patron Database. Future 
plans include the writing of Merchandising 
and Stock Control systems and the inte- 
gration of these facilities to provide 
manaaement information and modelling 

Appflcatton with full C.V., current salary 
and the names of two referees to be 
submitted by Monday 21 April to: Andy 
Clark, Data Processing Manager, Royal 
Shakespeare Theatre, Stratford-upon- 
Avon, Warwicks CV37 6BB. 

MONDAY Education: Utiiver- WEDNESDAY La Creme deb 

sity Appointments, Prep. Sc. Public 
School Appointments. Educations! 

Creoie: Secrefanal/RA appointments 

over £7.500. General secretarial. 

D 1 A R Y 01 I I n j JAIL* 

: | | ' irfrR 

P t avcct y: Residential, Commercial. 

La Crtnedeh Crime: Tewn&Counuy, Overseas .Rentals. 

TUESDAY CaatoUtor Hannas: 

are genoafiy acc^futied 
by idenuit ettitorbl aitides. 

Use fbeawpOD (right), 
and find m* 1ww«br fiat 
and ecoaoKBcal it is to ad*er- 
tise in The Hus C3assified. 

a comprehensive guide to the 
computer marfccL 

Legal AppohaiimawSoBchora. 
Commercial Lawyers. Legal 
Officers, Private & Public practice. 

THURSDAY General Apprtd- 

tocfllc Chief Executives. Managing 
Direction, Directors. Sales and 
Mariuning Execuiivcsand Overseas 
Appointments. Including a new 

Legal lm Creme: a new dassifica- classification entitled Flnreiriai and 
tion for top h^al secretaries. Awaamaacy Appoiraroents. 


FRIDAY Motors: A complete car 
buyers’ guide restoring established 
dealers and private sales. 

Boouss In Business: 

Selling property, franchise, 
equipment etc. to small and large 
companies or businesses. 

SATURDAY Oveseas Havel: 
Holidays abroad. Low cost flights. 
Cruses. Car hire, U-K-Ttaid; 
Holds, Couages, Holiday lets. 


Pea Frindcra new classification for 
young readers to contact people with 
soti&r m tercs&al home and overseas. 

Fill in the coupon and attach it to your advertise mem. Prior to it appearing, 
we will contact you with a quotation and confirm the date of insertion. 

Rates are Lineage £4 per line (min. 3 lines). Boxed Display £23 per single 
column centimetre. Court and Social ££ per line. All rates +■ IFi VaY 

PAY NO POSTAGE. Send to: The Times. Shirlej Maipolk. Grenp 

C bnBwi AdvertfaeBKBt Matwget; Times Newspapers Ltd. Advertisement Depart - 
mod, P.O. Box 484. Vtasbaa Street. Laedfin £1 9DD. 



a iSRWiawt 


Ml dasHled advcnncmnu 
gm hr Mcpicd hy tdrpbooc 
Ictxrp! ArtitwmixntenUj. The 
deadline a SXOpm : d3j* prior 
to pubUcuioo |ie 5.00pm MOD- 
day far Wntandayi Sboofa 
yon wish to s»3 ;ra advenes- 
0 ana a mug please metefe 
'tot day m ig pfcoae aabar.1 
M7 MW T (f yea hOVC cay 
qmngwp d fa M ntakiifl 
!W advertisemeM ones o (as 
appeared. pfcrmt we tu na 
Cmctncr Se rn aa Dma nmeW 
by afcjtboBe ea 01-481 SEA 


WAWnff FT* n CSXJB33E S 
foa emrod o n lor m 
g wa> to ktxs a tacUff*; 

■ran mew bet* i cm on. 

I n'W W ri to r tmetnnrr : 

Yen tear I eo. 
s Tov nrcnsBa eOR reafi 9 
New Ycrt era rja B7i ass SL 

ZfSGS W AB. Tfco re*fl m> «f 
aw tr ?wn W knvneocn caS». 

KW3M23 Mowpette- MMlara 
AitCovrca. Sen En - 


aaaE nwsRffwsp ma. i."ww 

JWHaaa anO Josata. To ear 
Brto ra tt b> 4 sold [oNWj 
wtoi oar darn: low WgW 
nappy Tear# 18 BUS BKIOOCS. 



flitJaam ■ sswa on apb |a » 
IUS bi Orvenlnr. ivy O*o*j»i«o 
JkS, Now Rvtnfl m Cowi- 
(Mgraiicum end tora trean 
Ob lanlfr. 

SCSmCnan-CfewftwO. <tei AVfl 
i&m 1936 -n Cfcrtsl enure*. 

Dcautid eo Helen. 


r’ ^c - r TVS fWTCSTS as wort. 
BoMunsa utlqw 6 wee# IW* 
ttnw aig w an S83i Aprti. 
Lnara cod visa io hndiao 
tfir arasto m erartsnwav Tel 
prmops j oi cfw m* 7. 
SeSSSiHA Love or Marriage. 

AJ1 age* nr*** DaoimB. Dew 
(Oi6) ZS AStoodofi Hoad. Loo- 
fion W0. Tefc 01-9M soil. 
S5EA5£Wfl7. London-* duo for 
profsaaKHtal loianaKtud p eop le 
H3-«SJnlo tone C4IST1 997 7994 
tnsduetMm f ar Or wutuct»d 

For ProftsatonaS 2nd EjeoiKf 
reco. 53 Meador StrreL Lon- 
don WJ. Tefcstfwne a«-9«7. 
eso f an p>«nTK 2 K$ mm* 
IMI raw lntroducae®* 
S.A.E- IJ SeaMttamp PI. SW3. 
oi -MT ece*. Hte« -« m«ws 3 rate. 
Md< 4063 R> dWuM. 

COKKUtT C SUF Day# orsanMnl 
for Safi or tnma nww. An * » 
cattou. m 0734 373722 

OE3E3 CJ SJCK30B1 real a TV ec 
«ldro by day. wt or oiemui- 
TOPS TV 01-720 *069. 

ear, crefeqlonflfty 
wrMn nnd produced 
c uii l cu f u ni *wr ooetaaeno. 
DeLCto: 0:-S80 2999. 

s?c s ;3TSg: tsss tzac eouia 

M realty Beautiful W your fam- 
ily «9 ardafly U 4 proOirm- 
drtnking laved one reaeve* 
effective and reeegsiteed oral- 
oornt for Liu illness ai CwtaJs 
Howe wtilrti B tel In SrauUlul 
and irdiKled rurroundingi For - 
Clustrand orowecnaL coeilaei | 
Tne ufe Anew Trus. FYentosL i 
Saltaujy SM 68R or 074793 


OS VttA KATTZaS E S Cudeon 
US lawyer IT Bolslmde SI Lon- 
don W1 OI 450 OSJ3 


CnSQLZDOM Dctmluff seats 
wanted for snvale cowmw, 
Tost prtcrt PAUL OI 229 0423 

sssLmsacH -nciars warned. 
We euravn io pa* loo pnres 
for cenerr and no I roun weds, 
prvmr Mr RKnardsdn on oi 
936 6071. 

Desas- aookraw de A Pre t94a 
fumimre. Tel. OI-58S OX4« or 
01-229 2716 day or ni9hL 

HA-dHT /aa30i to 
cant for advanced i year oM. 
Some evening work. Use 
out..... £X«c*lands 0 l -BI5 9?«o 
SO* ITJICIED flw Ro*4» Ascot- 
June 17.:8.I9. and SOW. 
Please Telephone: oi 4>2a C89I 
• B Whfi SIMST2D for wimble- 
don. FA Cup Final. * oilier 
event*. OI 223 0$60. 


wanted, including debentures. 
Best crXYt paid 01 229 0937. 
wm3LZSOM ackelb watitrd. bal- 
lots or dew. Top pnees paid. 
Obiamabhs. Ol 939 1989 
OI 928 1775 


SPElAi. STAfFCASF wnouBft' 
iron ppprex 2>fl r>Hh '» «“» 
sections, exl cond. tan »e 
viewed. London, can deliver. 
01-555 0090/01 223 4604. 



Mojm C oner ir. Eorr.D 
DeflOStU n»/s«sone«rtoS3Wiinj 
avBTfiiclimg ciott AMSewcidiien i 
risk mentol DieoMowri m DMCe ar | 
wardbJa weaiiT-ifiOJC.?f , aaio 
«M we Here oiiPeopmofiana 
•lor-on v/s nio: qa on neiDing 
iligm W^rrusiiwnflurat Fiecoe 
cerrt'jso jor.-yiV-. C CO-WX -Jf 

ramoTiWi us *im aiequcf 


Ba>»«n koum rt« 3cxy»«m. 
■(ftWJfan JWI i#L lw 01-54363 

^ The'jfiore 
vou help us. 
i ‘the more <) 
lie'll find out:;; 

:?fSlsh Heart Founaariofi 
hfeVeart researctwHfartty 
1 t) 2 ^ouresterPJart, 

I LOTlUpn WI.HiSDS , v .. 

J " 

U* IfiidtAcr'.-iv linn!' I i 

all revjf) li im«i ilv- pe-vui 

i]..n jr.ij aif 1 .- ol t-ali* >r in 
the UK. 

Help n*-h* stiwlinya -i.-iij 
noil • <r uukc a b-gjc \ i' • 



' < -fit 111 Hi Bit- K ’I I' - 

Ti. i i n.’ISif 1 


Ban ad mm tw 63» 
3719. 637 1715 Afl moJOT 

-. Cl 750 

WbM. 01689 6323. 

TOSCTS far mv com. CaB. 
SurtM E». OWkJf* 
ab mean md to**- “» 
6616/929 OG™ 

A^X/yw/C9M m 

Ma Mm okl Nation wusc 
dHMfb T* ®S»W 800039 

BOllPmsaBS Aior rvent HKbm 
B4PL Covers Gdn. 8to r**BME ». 
■ —hum. OyndeeeilHW. 01 - 
029 1578. Maw credit cards. 

(101519828. Give 
t dated 


£34150. 61-453 01*8. 

aw g jh cttBSMTIfRE waiQ 

1986 For fieto. IWtow 61 

q a n g a uatga TCscro w y. 

puesn TcMpteor 7374092- 



coup ca a QB flW P pish wol- 
fram excellenl nyndliHm. 
n. 600 00 . TcL OI 828 1129 

London's le*»ng soedaim in 
new and reswred pfanoe for me 
ItfocM pmidne wiecMon avaa- 
otrtrTaoa HDWioale 85 NW5 
01 267 7671 Fr-r catalogue. 

and recondiuaned. Quality 41 
reasonable prices. SMBrwnfon 
Rd.. SLOxydOa. 01-668 3613 
SALE. Man World, secondhand, 
new. rmndmaoed. Unbeatable 
prices. 01-486 1555. 


| Wedding Monfeg Sate. 

Evening Tad Suits. j~% . 
Black JaciiBts & 

Sfnpea Trousers. 

Surptua to 
hub OepL 
horn E3 

22 CHAffKQ 



lr Lefcastar Sq.Lg. S. 



01-240 23ia 



knumflon Col TV Sdhr swtid. 
ih Coninghom Apts 373 6306. 

ST JAMES SW1. Luxury 2 bed 
fully lumJshrd serviced apt nr 
park. 01 373 6306 (Tv 


SW19 Prof. M-F 24*. N.5 
share comfort, house, o.r. 
£136 pan ext). Excellent value 
TeL 01-839 OOOO exLBS lOl. 
Ol 542 3393 eve. 

rooms in house with par 
del *£40 OO * £4200 pwL For 
well educaled male nan ■mak- 
ers 002 2664 after 2 pm 
BAUMM LUX soocious rurn 1 
bed flat. saf. KA5 Hie Use. CCH. 
lei. Suit Prof cvle. lube. BR. 
£lQO pw IbcL 673-8442. 
CHELSEA Charming furnished 
room Presage blot* sune ma- 
ture lady 40+ -£45.00 pw Trfc 
01 352 4422 

FLATMATES Selective Shartnu. 
Weil eslab introductory service. 
Pbe id lor am>L OI-S89 5491. 
313 BromMon Road. SW3 
eWM BEDSIT for 3rd prof did in 
attract ch 5 rm K i B (lav 

0 looking Battersea Pk ft - May 
Is! Lioamcm. 622 6290 eve 

WOOD LAME W12. Female to 
share mpwonelte. O.R. C H. 

sman 9dn. dose PJbe. £100 pan 
evd. Ol- 749 4002. 
BAV5WATEK. Share pleasant 
flat wim I other. O/r £65 p w. 

01 221 7304 after 6 P m. 
nND-A-FLAT (Flat Sharing 

Anencyi iwi*i w i im n* to 
36 Kind# Rd. 9W30I -684 8012 
HQ6INOW Large and efegonr 
room in house off Ken High SL 
CM £63pwind. Tel: 603 1640 
UTTLC VD1ICE. Prof shr etegani 
flat gdns. O/R. £55 pw 
fnd.482 1070 ioi: 289 0216«hi. 
mn 3rd Person Wlshr OM O R. 
£160 pan Including CM A Hot 
Wafer. TeL- 452-0508. 

PARSONS 6UESM, 2nd person, 
dinef lux Hal. Tidse 5 nuns. £46 
pw ind. O-R 01 736 6921. 
STM orof M/Fto share- (ML O/R. 
N/S. £40 pw. Tel 622 0861 af- 
ter 6am. 

SW17. Prof M. 28 e. O/R. done 
iq rube. £160 pem exet. Tet 
4161254 after 6JO pm. 
S»L2 S. Ctapfum. Baiham. Prof 
m -f 25 plus, o.r in lux nwav Nr 
(oat £35 pw. 636 4885. 

9W7. Sonny single rm * ensulle 
shower rm m luxury flat £66 
pw incL TeL 01-584 1699 
SW29 prof f shr lux cottage, 
o/im CM. nr lube, n -smoker. 
£46 pta Inc. 643-4932 >rvrsl 
SW15 2 prof main to share self- 
contained ium nal. O.-roor a. 
£50 pw ca. TeL 788 0823. 




A vacancy has arisen For a 
trainee broker. The suc- 
cessful applicant wui be 
aged 23+ and of a smart 
appearance. No previous 
experience necessary and 
mil training given. 

For a confldentlaJ Inter- 
view ring 

Afietair McGinn on 
01-233 ES27. 


seeks nnghi rnihimasiie Trav e> 
person with pleasant idcphone 
personality and some typing. 
Flueni Trench would be a 
delinale advantage. 5 day week 
including alimuie Sa morn- 
mgs. Phone Mrs IV-u on Ol 33S 
a<?70. Time Olf ud. 


Mjmm io Billish naliona 
seals law relaled wer* Inler 
vii-wv tymuBle 26Jr7JTBm May 

Pi-Bls. lo SOX FM . 


Locum A5A LAW. The Locum 
Specialists welcome Compeuni 

Lorn ms Id Klin IK Countrywide 

Service Soitmorv A Legal 
Lire's ti Oversea* Sotr? lor Ul 

6 Com Short A Lon*-irrw 
Bookings, fm nrgMHttc. ABA 
Law 01-248 (139. 
Permanent A temporary pou- 
(loro, a msa Spedatw Rnr. 
Cons. Ol 734 0532 


1 OutCT\oac»isa7a"WSWkeANDa<3ar» 
a As^ibLChWT'Sitincnsis ftrvjna. EfWhrryjma 
jrjtwiary TfwjmiwsB. ir -flu. oraiowa onft 
on aiHgmg from any Qf ifrase iBnsjMS. ptoose 
\ 5 fl 1 r. 1 t. 1 cn we con help you. 

— Tne CHSA expending a mfhonpo-jnds 


ch Isa roMyctihflpuBwinaDcnafon a 
1 Covenam or a Legacy 7 The tax mean 
) reamr on a Comioni enhances ypurgA. 


■ftyisioc*. Hoiae Norm, Lrmaon VJCIH 9 JE. Tbtopfwne 0M87 30i2 

emweSRY LAME LE6AL St6- 

RETAfBESL Temp* £5 SO ph. 
•mnwtib up 10 £ 10 £ 00 . 2? 
Maddox su London Wi. 0»- 

493 0044. 


NnnVICWER 1® - » Rromred 
by friendly ESUie Agency *" 
SWl ror snott term R*» lemnos. 
Mud have inredigencw 3 lnttl»- 
the. Approx EIBO pw IlneL 
Conunhalani. 828 1437. 

property to let 


FULHAM imau roam, modan 
(Ul. pauo 6 gdn. share gill 28. 
(nlrtvsfcd arts. CtbO POP UtC. 
TEL. 107371 63249 
W2 LUX flat 2 room*. * *> 
£120 pw inc CH. Ring. 01 229 


Hv. Mao vi views. SlD 4. 
Beach 15 Mine. £150 - £185 
PW. Tel Ol 229 1642. 


RAI*6X ROVER J«n 84 CreemZ- 

door manual. JansiwS hirbo. 
rfec sunroof window*, 

suupunfcf sfrrw 23.000 miles 
£!E180Q. Td: 01-731 S574 

Black- Octux equip July J 985 
Only driven 2 months Ga- 
raged. Line new 3JOO mile*- 
£7.900. 01 935 8691 
export lax free sales -JedaWI. 
D a A mam dealer. 061 22J 


821 SC TAROA SPORTS. Dfrec* 
lors cars. Choice of 2, Aup 9S 
and Dec "81. CIB.SCO and 
r ] 6.950. Both line examples. 
F9H. Tel Of SW 2J49. 


fnrdi Ud Mercedes Bona main 
Healers Underwrorrs lor ta le 
and low mileage Mercedes 
Coniaci Malcolm McGowan on 
0708 23611. 


900 TUROO. 3 door. June 84 
Reg. Sitvrr. low miles, immac. 
rad - trass S roof. £8.695 ana. 
0731 418479 


COSTCUTTESB 0« fUgms/hob 
io Europe. USA & matt desUni 
Hons Dtplcmul Travel. 01-730 

deal worms. We 01 631 0167. 
AgU Alc4 1893. 


Europe Worldwide Qli-Cdge 
Travel ABTA 01 839 0033 

Buckingham TraveL ABTA. 

Ol 836 8622. 

Bern Travel. Td Ol 385 641 J. 

Haymarket 01930 1366. 


★★CLU3 CLASS* ★ 

★ ★1ST CLASS** 


* PERTH * * BMSaAtt * 


* JOfUBG * * S «TBCA * 

* (U * ftPT MORESBY * 

* BANOlBK * *■ TOK’O * 

* SWiAPOtt * MAW LA * 

* DUBAI * * BAMAM * 

* MO EAST •* * HAM # 1 * 
4 LUSAKA * * WM» * 

* L AlieatS fr 9 WAJO * 


»« SOJtH umc* ** 

* US* * USA * USA *USA * 

y iouih St Broom . Sumy 
tojirri y!i»r:n.m,rm 
:ms, - 2 ^: 1200 ^ 




C am 
Cohn bo 

Damascus . . 


£400 Bfambuf*.. 
£340 Jeddab 
£400 Kwac* 
C60 KoL'Sm 
OSO Kinm 
035 N York 
C4D Seoul 
£430 SrdfflAd 
£270 Tokyo 
" UVtL 










z osiMM Sixer, umbos m 

Tct B1-A3S 35 2umi 


Nairobi. Jo'Burf. Cairo. Di»- 
baL Istanbul. Singapore. K.L 
Delhi. Bangkok. Hour Kone- 
Svdncv. tempt & T& 
\mencas. BamiMo Travel. 
3 New Quebec Sl Marble 
Arch London WIH 7DCX 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saturday 1 000-1 3. CO 


Parts E6S H Kong C470 
Frankfurt £85 N York. 098 
Lagos £320 LA/SF £335 
Nuob £330 Maim USB 
JObwo £460 SengaporaE4ip. 
Cano £205 Bangkok CHS 
Own £335 Sydney £6*0 
Bcxnbay S33S Pgrlh E585 
m... Mb or h bylm n 


ZL SwaBeki SL Leeden W1 

01-439 2100/437 0537 

PERTH return from £629 
, AUCKLAND £745 
01-242 55S5 

15.T7 New Qirford Si. London WC1 

. arjnmev m SrCre. v SLorm e 

More low-cost Rights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other agency 

- Fast, expert, high-lech 
service • Free worldwide 
hole! & car hire pass 
• up to 60% discounts 
Open 9-6 Mon-Sat 

Jmiminl gallon, Insurance, 
Foreign Exchange. 
Map ft Book Shop 

fatb 3*ri6«'^w. f bunt 

42-46 Earls Court Road 
London W8 6EJ 
Long-Haul 01-603 1515 
Eur0pe/U5A 01-937 5400 
1 st/Besfuess OtSX 3444 

G ororaum mUc— odmwxtod 

ABTA 147A 4TQW14M 

USA from £99. Major tmwL Ol 
405 9257. LATA 

fORLD UK nghh 
spKtdbnf in nm * cm* 
CLaa A EronMny u> Australia, 
far cad. S. Africa. USA. Lt*- 
b«i. FdTO * Onwv*. bhom 
Travel Centro 01-666 702S 

d. w £396 rtn £646. Auckland 
o.-w £420 rtn £774. JoUurg 
a w £264 ftn C470 LOS AJW 
h-j o •« EI77 rln £335. LoffXttl 
Flmht Centre Ol 370 6332. 
erexx ISLANDS Algar»*. 
AWnorea. T«i««e. VB1 «l am 
pennon* Tdkmim, Hdotuam 
Flignti. Broehurror huunt 
booungv. venlura Monday*. 
Tel 01-250 1J5S. 

otter £330 fur 14 nigblsincliid- 
ing free waMrowtrt* and FuH 
Board Ring 01-641 3370. Deter 
Stuvvnanl TraveL ABTA. 
UTOL 1517. 

mints ep. mo X49S. IJM 
£476 rtn Atto Small Croup 
Holiday Journey*. ji_a oi -747- 


USA. S. America. MW and Far 
East. S AfrlcXL Tfayval*. 48 
Margaret Street. WI. Ol 660 
KC8 ivfcj Acceatrd) 
low cml nwni cwe«£ Europe 
* Worldwide. Freedom 

MofUUyt 01-741 4666 ATOL 
432 LATA AfTQ 
Rouem mBUfWwf. cn* 
lr £1699. nrtt >r £2030. Syd- 
ney tr £669 rm cofumbu*. 
Cutters Cardens. lODnmNn 
Souarr. CC2. oi 929 iasi. 
Hobday* of dhUncnon for the 
very low Tef. Ol-aot 0802.73 
St Jamej - * farm. SWl. 
DtSCOUMTS hi Cranny Bek. 

el* Try » 

last FLK3HTBOOKERS 01-387 


pean dcsnnauohs. valexander 
01 402 4262-0062 ABTA 

61004 ATOL I960 
worldwide cheapen fores. 
Richmond Tr.ll ef. 1 Duke Sr 
Richmond ABTA 01 ^HO 4073. 
FUghls from matt LK mrporla. 
Merry late specuu otters. Faldor 
Ol 471 0047 ATOL 1640 
7UMSU For llul perfect ItoUday 
with auniu- day* & carefree nn. 
Ideal Spring •Uunnner.TunJsUn 
Travel. 01.373 4411. 

USA. N York £159 Miami £198 
LA £299 rm Also Oteape* 
schedule 111 on major US earn- 
er* Ol 584 7371 ABTA. 

ABI BARGAINS HI £89. Spain. 
Italy. Crew*. Port. Canaries, 
Swic. Germany. 01-434 4326 
ALICANTE, Faro. Malaga etc. 
DUncna Travel ATOL 1783. 
OI -S81 4641. Horsham 68S41 
AUSSIE. NJf.. SUi Africa. USA 
Hong Kona. Best Fares: 01-493 
7775 ABTA. 

SYD/KZL £618 Perth f»4S AO 
major carriers lo AUS.'NZ- 01- 
684 7I7f . ABTA 
SOUTH AFRICA John fr £466. 
01-584 7571 ABTA. 


MOT TUtttEV. Maunlf. 12 oertn 
crewed motor yacht Ir. £1000 
pw. Ol 737 3861 i34hraJ.OI- 
326 10006. AloUHNI. 



9ecrrt South, a T.rur of Tusca- 
ny or Spiendouro or ihe Venelo. 

A wim trio of v afue for money 
coach tours. Also villas tk hotels 
with swimming pools and city 
weekends. Free brochure from 
M-KXC of holy DnX T, 47 Shep- 
herds Bu*n Green. WI2 BPS 
Tel. Ol 749 7449 1 24 hrs 

TAKE TUNE OFF lo Parts. Am- 
sterdam. Brussel*. Bruges. 
Geneva. Berne. LaroWin*. The 
Hague. Dublin. Rouen. Bou- 
logne 4 Dieppe. Time Off. 2a. 
OmsIct Close. London. SW1X 
7BO 01-235 8070. 

SPRING Ef emul Special 
wires : tk 2 weeks hotels A 
apart*. Pan Work! Holidays Ql- 
734 2562. 


LAMZAROTC. Madcrta biands 

01-836-4383 ABTA. 



SUN . 

Spring Breaks 
Crrte. Ccphauma. Corfu. ZaUB. 


1 W tmni f159ng, 

2 Wks Iran E22S|MJ. 

Some FHS cMd 9GOB- tori 2229 
■ SAH 

Fwriy «bb S sutos rites to Btort- 


JhrataBtty CnuMri 0* SOTBW 

nkra island Hofidays 



Canfett nmcesyen rori a 
UUu BatkecuHl limb saamo 
ami nob Cwm msa Ite a as 
D«c. mro & dun t Mb us. * out 
ta ua tt *3as & ambus 

Dm 39ft 5 tfi 

HBN CMS P A (us 

TEL 01-994 4462/5225 

special puces in our attractive 
vtiua Ring f*an wwif Hobday* 
01-734 ssta W/Oay* 
UNSPOILT COBFlLCortages .-apIs 
on secluded, sandy bays. 2 - 8 . 
May dept fr £149 B P Hf 0763 
48811 ATOL 1437 

, Urtspom Wands, cheap 

rinjhis.viiAairenMheTc Tens Hol 
may*. 01 -134 1647. AMI Alio. 



ALGARVE. Exceptional vlfta for 
up lo 14 with own pool and 
good staff now avallanie most 
dales Palmer and Parker 01 
493 5726 


cious peaceful siha Terrace 
overlooblrig sea. Sips 4-6. 
From £86 pw Available most 
dales. Tef 031 364 5744 

MAXARRON L nsyiUI inert In 3. 
Spain villas Apts Sar Fti Gal 
Murcia <\r La Manual. Stay 
AvallalNllty Beacn Bay Hob 
0432 279185. ATOL. 

BUZAIDIDM L'wpoii: resort in S 
Spain villas Apo Sol Fit Gal 
Muicu I>r La Mangav Mw 
Avoiiauirtty Bay Hols 

04J2 270! 8S. \TOf— 


Make 1986 the 
year you get 
the villa right 

FRAhC* • TAli 1 . 
S^ndioroJ 1 S'lhrochme 
- qwcliy. vk'e o7! i he leeJirva 
« nciiiay ’-ifliis- 
The;, nt-pil :a?.-hjil> -hc-«n 
fcx-cIwrarefooC ur.ypciied 
surfO'^nainjs z n o be ach or 
wish poo; All mcluce rrsncl 
and(o!ten«4 C jcK We!) over 
hall our clients return > ear 
after year.- -Vi i thats ihe 
bm.l* iwiPiirnt -.c-u'H 
rea-i on this iCVTravd. 

Dept R& 43 Cariogan 5U 
London SW3 2 PR- Or caU 
service on 

The specialists in 


apt lovely gam. tttt rtgh 
fully fN MX ML a bam tJcc 
value (nc_ CK £30tX 

sum SO PwllMowlM. 

Smelt ctegani WS- 2 D Mna. 
rw-eo. Lux htt and bath. Ipc 
CH.C» . 

COinatS « vecy nmam 2 
DHr Bedrtu APL Lae NCW, 
ooad view*. HO- wmb (BX3L 
MOt/WC. CKJBO 11*0 «NfB. 
school* um 
(MMFSTCAD Sunni AM- Ftof 
tmoc locaaon. Eton Dcdrm. 
rtrey. mh. w*m mare. 8*6 
wc. bale. Lvty view*. £100. 

01-499 5394 

Sumy. brtgM cunvenlaa 
FlaL luri refurtmimi w htoh 
sndasri. 26-3“*l2TS“ dbic. 
MB with dt&acUva 
3Lirwftf fireplace and ae- 
rteded ftf. Temce. Z db te. 
I safe, bedmn-. 2 bsONtm 
thwim. ha. CH/chw. Aval 
tang let £575 ncr week. 


era 2 bettoon SaL FtoBf 
nztod KfldMSL C3H. (faraga. 
UR. POtt 
for pittc fawM rt. 

Tab 43S 5819 

s creasy ■ 

«enb Cam for UP m one yam. 
2 baed/tadJ BgnM.ibBDv 
cfkrm. M/re rm. I /3 necepo. 
true team t er race. GCH 
Wath/dryur. «ttmch 

C37&P.W. Oa UL Tot 01-486- 


in substantial period home. 3 
bedims. Ige rerep. 2 batnem*. 
mod FT kn wtm aft m at h ia nv . 
Sauna no. cams* gdn*. Avafl 
now. C296 pw. Co/vn. 
AROUND TOWN. 399.9966. 

SOUTH m SWT t mm tube. 
Typfadty Encash sene na*. 
rrcep. Ige MLbYasf rm. sooer 
Victorian style master bed with 
carved 4 poster. 2nd bed. t*t 
bath*. £2BOpw. Goem. 01-828 

F.WjCAPF (Managmert ServtoMl 
Lid neoufre properties ftt central 
.south and wesl Londoo arom 
for wautnc aw*cann. 01 -aa- 

NEWT A IAMBS Contact w* now 
on Ol 238 8861 foe the best se- 
lection of ruroMwd Oats and 
bouses co rent hi KMahtsbrldOb. 
Kcnsingum bH Cbetoea. 

VHttM L CM POMT AOea Bates 
A Co have • law wf oc D o n 01 
Gats and house* avaUawa far i 
week *■ nn £36Dpw. M! 

HOLLAND WUML Saaetous I bmf 
gdn flat in pcecb square. 035 
pw line Heattngi Co or — 
Irt Tel. Ol 603 4119 

HYDE MUM AREA Excel selec- 
tion at one bedroom Oats mm 
f< 7S-C2O0PW. Mudraum 3 
oaths. Co/Hoi let. 01-486 8741. 

abie and reowrod » aN good 
areas. Lyhams "The cartag 
Specialists’*. Ot 736 0803 

get or luxury apt*. Short let*. 
Central London. 014369*13. 

IhmUrt’e irn rr to ronHas 

ouaiitv fUrnlsMd home*. 
Hunler* 857-7366. 





LkhobA Hsnigemwi 


For Ihe best 


biptfrm London i 
Coiifecf AattraBfy Mcartfmr. 


CkmjH meats, atto ore ton 

w « ms 


SSnktRW <Mig m2 


01*225 0433 


Hawouawy properties lo afl 
area* to let 637 0621. 

American Sdad. UNaivi 

£5 wW» — in wren- * toff" 
WHO *6wro. O qakro^ KB 
M-.U-. fa am ami bar. 

^ssmok rocem 34-xia- 

Parktno- «*> tojl 014M 
9941 or Era* 01-870 4703. 

MM/baasi up as i «po 
n.w Usual feet m. fttfUpe 
Sew a Lewis. Souai of Ute Park. 
oZm* Office. 01^2 81111 J 
Norm of Ihe Park- Regent's 
Park office. 01-722 51 3B. 
tuinwvuY RuimaND 
sMdotB Fufham home 4ned*. 
a bath*. Mod to very high stan- 
dard retaining many PCrtod 
fealurrt and wed decorated. Co 
lei. £220 pw 240 736LCT 
ifamke Grove lube and bus 
QuteLsumvy and well furnished 
SaL 2 bed* «t. bath, lounge. 
m. LV.. eofty Rhone. CH. 
C1G0 p w Tet 01-969-1065 
MULTOM Kb. « WX BrtohL 
newly dec g arden flsL 1 dole 
(m«l sUtoog rnt/dMInp area, 
mod kJL twh- 0 
able now for long Co let £ 250 
pw. MakdU Ol 68! 2216. 
currently seeking good quality 

rental accommodation ip 
mural London fo r w attlaq 
moiwiny icntidu 01*957 96AI- 
ler Londons best srtccaoo of 
hunirv ftfas and houses for dls- 
cenuag lenams. Ring now. Ol- 
681 8136. 

FULHAM, munac newly dec grud 
Dr flat. I dWe bedrm. sftttng rrn. 
ktr/brk rm. baftirm. Odn. £120 
pw. Suffivan Thomas 751 

FULHAM DeflghHU smND honey- 
suckle-cud cottage- 2 bed* 
rrcep. new ktt -diner, mtamr at- 
chided gdn. close tidie. Co ML 
£168 pw. Tet: 736-1076/4057. 
HOLLAND PARR. Fura tm in 
chroma Georgian house. DfXe 
bed anting room. tore* 
known/ diner, bathroom. £93 
pw. Tet- 727-4701. 

HOLLAND FARM. LtoM wockrue 
well (urn ( 1 st wtUi Me garden, 
out bedim, toe reran, k * b. 
£1 70 pw cnc CH A HW. compa- 
ny M. TeL 727 4680. 
NORWOOD Kll DettMtful 
house. 3 bed* 2 recap* newly 
decorated and t undated. Gar 
den. garage- Fully doiMto 
gLoed. £116 pw 241 7563. 
tTFJUlUT CT W14. Sumy 3 
Bed maisonette in ihto popular 
location. Lge lounge. 2 bath*, 
fully emdp ML petto. CD ML 
£200 pw. 244 7353m. 

Ban. ugw A mac mats. 2 <w* 
bed*. 1 roc. bath, ktt/artc rm. 
washer -dryer, gas ch. raw. Co 
IN 6 ninths t, £180 pw. 730 
3436 m. 

WEST KEN Mod romsiex. F/F 
Charming lux 4 bed knrawe. 2 
baths, gdn. gar. C32Spw hie. 
F.-F to* I dMe bed ant. loratv 
view. £180 pw me. 678 1896. 

W HAMPSTEAD i dMe bed flat 
Long let £90 pw. S G Boland * 
Co LM 221 361A 


is unlikely at 
fuel-thirsty Imola 

From John Blnnsdea, Jertt, Spfi& 

CABOCAN 0D» Ml 1 bed. 1 

SSTT * b. aw w 

CH.C HW tPrt . 

rxcpL kitchen and 2 boots. 
C 40Q p w CH/CHW ln<L 
kbudcthi PARK RD Wll 3 
Bed. I rtcpL «««"» 

ML 2 bam* or rm ESSO pw. 
nttFto. st udy. R. totto^lB. 

rarr 4 

’ PW 

AMERICAN Dank mgentty re- 
quires luxury fiats and houm 
from £200 - £1X300 pw. Ring 
Burgess Estate Agents EB1 5136 
BATTERSEA SW 1 L. Newly emu 
flaL i bedim, rccep rm. k £ b. 
Avan now. CD let onty. £11C 
pw. Samuel A Co 736 5000. 
ROM a 8 UT KCHO FT tor luxury 
fa-oMTtM in SI Johns Wood, Re 
an Park. Matda Vale. Swtn 
Can 6 Hampstead Ol 566 7661 
■OHiHM Debghsfui ITItiOeo 
tury house m Ashampslead 
vUUge. 4 beeb. 2 tom. £ 6 SC 
pan. 0734 661838. 
family house, newly dec. 4-5 
bed* 2 nom may eautP Ul 
CH. Gdtl. £140 pw. 2*4 7353. 
DEUGH1TUL well furnished sm- 
nv flat ewertooMno Montagu 
Square Wl. I bed. 1 roc. Wired 
kitchen £200 pw. 01 936 3393 
DOCKLANDS. Home* and Osa 
■hrougnoat the docklands arm 
lotef. Docklands Property Cen- 
tre. 01-488 4882- 
HAMPSTEAD Attention Bargain 
Hunters! 2 bed gdn flaL recepL 
rood k A B. Snip £166 pw. 
Greene & Co 01 625 8611. 
KCN3KKST0M WE Fab 2 bed flat 
in gate! tree lined Sl Lge re-cep.* Long CD let. E 20 C 
pw. 244 7359 
NWS A lovely bright 1 st Hoar dal 
with Odra lane double imp 
rm. 2 dMe bed* ml 6 bam. 
£250 pw. Bared. 01-724 3160. 
STOP LOOtUNO? Tty the Rental 
Expats over 1700 mums avail. 
Hometocaiors Rental Accom 
Punmfwrs 627 aSro. 7 day* 
*57 MSI The number io remem- 
ber when seeking bed rental 
properties m central and Mime 
London areas £I80/£2J300pw. 
UA COWART seeks non prop- 
erties Id best London area* 
Agents! 01-889 5481. 
ran as Spaaoos tax balcony 
(UL DMe bedim, roc ep. a n* 
porters. Long ML 622 5825 
CWBtWA gtdOLf bnL 2 «w- parking. £215 pw. 
Ot & HW incL 01-361 6639. 
CHISWICK I bedrid Rat CH. oa 
MB* phone. £90 pw. Others 
627 2610 Homelaesitor* 
FMCUY 2 bedrm naL nr tube, 
yard. CH. £120 pw. omen 627 
2610 HomeforaMra. 
FLATS-ROUSES, shortlong tef* 
an area* London Aparttmts 
miernattonal: Ol 244 7363. 
HAMPSTEAD 1 bedrm flat. CH. 
telephone, £73 pw. Other* 627 

2610 HMndocatam 
KOOMBTal Modern 3 1 
Mews house, gpe- CfiS pw Art- 
do; Lanauvres 01 225 0352. 
MW s bedim house. 2 re cpL TV. 
yard. £150 pw. Others too 627 
26 JO Hotneiocatarr 
SC 2 bedrm BM. no bfft*. CH. pa- 
tio. £80 pw. Others avan 627 
2610 Homelocmors. 

SOHO hnauculaie. luxury fitted 
2 bedrm dal In private devetop- 
menL £200 pw. 240 1716 >a 
ST. JOHN’S WOOD. 'Superb mate. 
2 roc. 2 bed* MC/dbi. utmry. 
to- port. £180 PW. 821-0417. 
SW > bedrm flaL phene. TV. gar- 
den. CH. £70 . pw. Other* 607 
2610 HameioGteer* 

TOCTHte 2 bedrm RaL CH. no! 
bate. TV. £90 pw. other* loo. 
627 2610 HOtS H o Q Urt. 




c £35,000 plus car 

A Britidi PLC with a high international profile in its particular industry 
requires a solicitor or banister to act as its corporate legal counsel and 
company secretary, supported by a small qualified staft 

The company develops and manufactures specialist high technology 
products, requiring significant involvement in intellectual property and 
product liability, it main (ai ns a dominant worldwide market position 
through its global network of subsidiaries and distributors. Its sustained 
record of organic growth — current turnover exceeding £100m — will 
accelerate with increasing emphasis on international licensing, joint 
ventures and acquisitions. 

In this context, the legal counsel will be actively engaged in corporate 
structural developments and a wide range of business affairs. The com- 
pany secretarial responsibilities will include the provision of a full service 
to the Board. City-related work, insurance and employee share schemes. 

The requirement is a corporate lawyer with strong personal qualities and 
the proven capacity to provide a legal service of high quality, up to Board 
level, in an international business environment Practical knowledge of 
EEC legislation is essential. Company secretarial experience is desirable. 
Age — probably 38-45. 

Location — Wfcst/Nonh West Home Counties. 

Please write in strict confidence with full personal and career details. 

quoting ref 348/ST. to:— 

Philip Smith 

Manpower Consultants 

85-87 Jermyn Street, London SWl Y 6JD 


FRKMCM, CHOBkAX. Eoanteh. 
Italian. Portusurv The BM 

Mace To leani a language a so 
the to irony where n is rookm. 
Course* for afl needs - Students. 
Buuwa Mem. Tourist* For de- 
late contact; Language GhMfteq 
Ud. io-i2 Jamei SL London 
WIM SHN Tef Ol 408 0481 


SKI TTCNtt- IB-36 Ascii, amaz- 
ing value onty £109 pg 
Indmke nweb. accomn and 

rtn coach, ttiperh wow c-andi 

(tons CaU SU Vtt on Oi 90S 

4444 or Ol 200 6080 <« hrsi. 

ABTA 65451 ATOL 1162. 

SN JET mom Geneva.- 
Zunch. Munich, etc roan 
fnwwlrr from £66. SM JeL 
<0575(664811 ABTA. 


D'fcnrr Chalea 12 Abril £139. 

19 4 £129 IMIudiiMi Meeper 

eoeetf ski wea 0575-06461 1. 


Stet« Avail June SePL From 
£BO PW Tel Ol 660 3294. 


HERSMSTON Wll. S-jrvtmd 
apart. OM TV. Lipicoro LM- 15 
Elgin Cre* Wll Ol 727 6882- 


O X F ORD OHy 2 By. ran. AB 
amen. Fr £50. Com. Shm 
A kMugv 0795-74430. 



wmai SCHOOLT 1986 - The 
GMdnio moependeiH School* is 
now available from W.H-Srotth 
or ffro from Tromsn tk 
KnKjMley. 76 cm Nottlng HH 
Gate. London WU 3U TeL 01- 
727 UN2 




KHKGKCCHS for Kmghta 
bridge lamOy. German ton 
guage cwNU iwto* 
i nd nw n defri lady NmqnMker 
Cooktng. bgbi daiurtUc dune 
and help wflb 1 toenage girt 
Own room. TV. toward a« 
•aart. Reply Ms Gander 01 -629 
3681 100). 


Aramcan Dmfly id Tokyo. ! 
■ year ad am. Nan-mm-T. Ref 
cram sun May. Awiy- Mn 
A-jrmw. Tet 46S 2344 vMoTu 
(ng* only). 

37 RsgaM Slrwrt. London Wl 
Tfl 439 6634 UK Oversea* 
ABO mhatoL'dam* tomp-aenr 

Combwed or page 35 


from £99 JO inclusive 

Same-Day Company Services Ltd 
Sl 181 Queen victoria St, London, 

TEL: 01-248 5616 

Abo Company Searches 

There were all tup few wit- 
nesses. to one of the closest 
finishes io U*e af _ Uie 

World Championship on Sun- 
day afternoon, for the impres- 
sive grandstands lining -the new 
Jerez circuit were for the most 
pan nearly empty for me Span- 
ish Grand Prix. Those who 
stayed away missed a rare piece 
of Grand Prix theatre as Nigel 
Mansell all but caught. Ayrron 
Senna on the finishing une after 
a storming comeback following 
a pit stop for flesh tyres. 

In wo weeks' tiroe» Oh ** 
Imola circuit in Italy, where the 
San Marino Grand PTiX is 
traditionally held, there «ifl tea 
different scenario. There will be 
no shortage of spectawre, be- 
cause this is the very heart of 
Ferrari country and they nave 
even named the nrcua after 
Italv’s most famous racing 
name. What cannot be guar- 
anteed is another dose finish, 
certainly not of tbe calibre 
which lifted tbe Spanish rare 
from mediocrity to the truly 

It is all a matter of fueL or 
rather the shortage of it. Jerez, 
with its heavy demands on thud 
and fourth gears, has prov ed to 
be more than averagely thirsty 
for foei but Imola is probably at 
fcaa jo per cent thirstier still. 
This means that even if there is 
a' bead-io-head battle between 
two or more top drivers a s_th e 
race at Imola enters its final 
phase, it is likely to be broken op 
by the diminishing fuel re- 
sources of one or other of the 
cars concerned. 

However, there were signs at 
Jerez that teams are be ginnin g 
to come to terms with the new 
tough fuel limits, which restrict 
cars to 195 Hires on tbe start 

fore. Renault in 

encouraged by \3* ** 

Senna, using one of 

pneumatic valve engines, 
crossed the lino witit sufficient 
fad remaining to have almost 
certainly scow through an- 
other mil lap, desptte bavmE 
had to dn ve a hard second half 
of the race. - !t was close, Jean 

Sffl E. Renault's racing director 
sua/‘but we are very pleased by 

the improving foet consump- 
tion, as well as by the cacdlcnt 
reliability we have been achiev- 
ing with tbe new engine. Imola. 
iiK»ugh,wiabevcrydifficuJJ for 
.everyone," _ . . 

A virtual certainty at I«fe is 
that every on e wiH be making a 
aud-race tyre chsnge if the track 
is dry, which vnO probably 
please the Williams 

team, who performed magnifi- 
cently in Spain to send Mansell 
back into the race after being 
stationary for only 8.S s e c on ds. 

The Tyrrell team, win be 
looking for some improved 
results in Imola. In Spain, their 
engine failures- were due to oil 
being pumped out of the breath- 
es, a pro&teta which bad been 
encountered during practice. 
TyrrdTs latest car, in which 
Martin Brundie suffered a high- 
speed accident during final 
qualifying Last Saturday, wifi be 
raceworthy again in tune for tbe 
Imola race. 

Ayrton Senna win be travel- 
ling to Italy as the new leader or 
the World Championship on IS 
points* wfth Nelson Piquet and 
Nigel Mansell his closest chal- 
lengers (six and nine points 
behind respecrivdyj, while their 
two teams — JPS Lotus and 
Canon Williams - are currently 
joint leaders in the 
Constructors* Championship 
with IS points apiece. 


Neck and neck in 
Italy’s great race 

Roma hare caught Juventus. 
With two games left to play in 
the Italian champions htp. the 
teams are level os points. Last 
weekend, while Javentus were 
playing a goalless drawn in 
Genoa against Sampdoria, 
Roma were winning 4-2 at Pisa, 
Pruzzo scoring yet again. 

Roma have ait easy home 
game next week against the 
already doomed Lecce, who play 
hosts to inventus is the last 
game- of the season. Next Son- 
tlay Jove are at heme to Milan; 
Roma end up in Come. 

Internazioiiale, Italy's last 
European survivors, defend their 
UEFA Cop lead of 3-1 tomorrow 
against Real Madrid is the 
Bernaheu Stadima. Two Inter 
players, Firirie CeUovati and 
Marco Tardelli, have more than 
nostalgic reasons far wanting to 
retain to the ground on which 
they helped Italy win the 1982 
World Cup final. Each has 
returned re form recently and is 
desperately keen to retrieve his 
place in die international squad 
in time for Mexico. 

Tardelli, who scored in the 
last World Cup final, was twice 
on target agaiast Real in the first 
feg-CMiovati had * score to 
settle with Mark Hatley, who ., 
soared above him last season in 
the Milanese derby to bead a 
spectacular goal. Two Sundays 
ago, CoUovati had the better of 
exchanges and now challenges 
Sampdoria's Vierchowod far the 
Itafian stopper role. 

Sanchez will be hoping to 
score goals against Inter. He 
was bitterly distressed by the 
rough treatment be said he got in 
the first leg, Tardelli, be 
charged, grabbed his .'hair, 
Bergomi tried to stick two 
fingers in bis eyes, MandoriJni 
elbowed him in tbe month, ^and 
all of k off the baUT. 

Can Barceloaa, in the Non 
Camp, retrieve three goals la the 
Emraipean Cap against IFK 
Goteborg? Yet again, the key 
may be held by West Germany's 
wayward star, Bernd Set aster. 
He had a dreadfal game in tbe 
first leg, but returned emphati- 
cally to form in tbe Spanish Cop 



Brian GlanvfBa 

against his least favourite oppo- 
sSion. BBbao. 

A West German newspaper 
alleges that Us wife t e lephoned 
the team manager, Franz 
Beckenbauer, and demanded a 
mHIien marks for her hu s ban d 
re play in the crating World 
Cup- Beckenbauer denies ft. 

In the other European Cup tie. 
Anderiecht (beaten by Beeradmt 
last. Sunday) visit Bucharest 
with only a 3-0 had, the 
beautifully ‘-lobbed by 
Srifo, tbdr young 

Whether ot not BraziTs third 
goal against East Germany tost 
week west through the side 
pfttin* things are looking bet* 
tear. Teie Santana, the manager, 
seems at tost to be abandoning 
his geroatephitia. In particular, 
tbe preference of the Betafogo 
player, Alemao, n midfield to 
the ambling Socrates has 
brought greater dy nami s m . An- 
other useful change has been 
that of the athletic Julio Cesar 
for the veteran stopper, Oscar. 

But a doe re why Brazil no 
longer produce the marreUaus 
centre forwards of tbe past has 
bees girea by the present bmm- 
bent, 22-year-old Casagrande, of 
Corinth tons. Santana, com- 
plains Casagrande, wants him to 
move to left wing, block any 
advances by the opposing centre 
half and help In midfield. 
Casagrande says he argues with 
Santana after every match and 
in every training session. “Is he 
going to ask me to take corners, 
then get Into the middle re head 
them in?" he said. 

• Bayer Uerdingen, (he West 
Gemma first division dub, say 
they may demand a mflUon 
marks to damages from the 
National Federation for rcfhsiiig 
to extend the season. Bayer, who 
meet Atietico Madrid in tbe 
European Cup Winners’ Cup 
seari-fina! tomorrow, face five 
leagae matches in nine days. 



AUSTRUK Austria Vienna a Lash ft 

Innsbruck 2, Rapu 0; Qntzer AK 2. 
MjaqBnftjrt 0; Sunn Graz 1, Admlra 

BtfGARUW: Sredats 6. Dounav 
Lokomotiv Sofia 1, Sfeen 1; Beroe S_ _ 
Z apwa L Spyjl ft Tratoa Ptovtfv 5. 
«UKlen* SvrsMov ft Spartak Varna 2. 
Lokomakf PtowSv tk Vrwsa 1, PWn 
gSWal ft Etur VeBco Turnon i, 
Wtosftal: Spartak Ptoimnt.Chgmo Mora 

SS!®™** a* 

^ENClt Parrs Saira-Germain 1. Monaco 

ftSoch auxl.ToutonO- 

fiREBt AooSon 1. CUmSfos 1: Arts 1. 
Lanssa ft ioanrma ft FtosthknFios ft 
Dcna Drama 2. Katomarte 1 : OlympMos 
2. Panactiato 0-, Panfautoa 2, PanserSm 

HQUSK LacMa Gdansk 2, Hogon Szczb- 

an i; Zagtebto SosmmSc ■ 


Unla Warszawa 0; Lscb Poznan 

SPANISH: Attfetic BAbao 1 

Osaauna 1, Atfadoo UaiM 1; Real l™, 
2. Sporting Qjon t; Barcelona 3, VMam 

SSLS ! ’SZSZgggrggL 

Rankfurt S, Sc»i3Sm ft «S3h 
JtanrthBkn 1 . FC. Saarbruecksn ft Fbrtu 
OOsaaMorf 8. SV Hamburg 1; Boiwu 
Dortmund ft Bayam Nbniclt 3; f 
toaernuora ft- FC Ootogna a Imi 



7.30 untew stated 

First division 

Watford v Everton (7.45) 
West Ham v Chelsea 

Second efivisron 
BteckbUfTi v Huddersfield 
Charttoo v MMwaB (7.45) 

ThW efivrsion 

Chesterfield v Bristol R 
Darfington v Darby 
Doncaster v Rotherham 

Notts C v Bournemouth 

Wtosaflv Wigan 

York v Btacfcpoot 

Fourth division 
Mdershot v Tranmare 
Burriey v Crewe 
Hartlepool v Torquay 

Northampton v Ortent 
Southend v Mansfield (7 AS) 

Swtndon v P^erborough 

FA CUR; Daui^. o_. . 

WiBrfwmgtensft^^™ 1 ^ **® 

Baft* B Wettf; Oa rtfoTC v l 
TeftTOvChatoNittoin. BoD lo 
F»rat tog: SCtftort « Qgn 

SSS* Ster 5 a y';Skiiighp>ss 
B«hops Srerttort: Ear* 

{JSSflrtmnHayw * Epson 
HWtoi v Bariong; Worming * 



^w ^ toaf^GrauBaanii 


* - 
hv O 



saat , -“ 1 



Bokbs v Laeife. 




Sonic Lady looks classic part 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

■ The fust day's programme 
of this year's three-day Craven 
meeting at Newmarket fea- 
tures not the Craven Stakes as 
it has traditionally done, but 
the Nell Gwyn Stakes for 
three-year-old fillies. The 
switch from the traditional 
Thursday slot now means that 
budding classic fillies will 
have a couple of extra days in 
which to complete their prepa- 
ration for the 1,000 Guineas. 

In the past 10 years this 
particular trial has been a 
pretty good guide as fer as the 
1,000 has been concerned, 
with Oh So Sharp. Pebbles, 
Fairy Footsteps and One In A 
Million all winning it before 
attaining greater ferae and 
fortune by also winning our 
first classic of the season a 
fortnight later. 

Today's race should be in- 
formative because the field 
includes Sonic Lady and 
Embla, who are currently 
second and third favourites in 
the ante-post betting on the 

To justify her position Souk 
Lady ought to beat Embla at a 
difference of Sib, so she is my 
selection. Last season Michael 
Stoute, the successful New- 
market trainer, suddenly 
found himself in the enviable 
position of having a whole 

host of good two-year-old 
fillies in us care and Some 
Lady was reputedly the best. 
Hence the reason why she was 
backed by those in the know to 
win the 1,000 before she had 
even set foot on a racecourse. 

When riie did appear she 
made mincemeat of her rivals 
at Ascot towards the end of 
September. All the same, there 
is still a world of difference 
between the form of a maiden 
race and that of the group one 
Cbevdey Park Stakes, which 
Embla won on her fourth and 
last appearance as a two-year- 
old. That performance en- 
sured Embla the highest rating 
of an English trained filly in 
the European Free Handicap. 

What adds spice to today's 
race is the fact that Embla was 
rated exactly 51b better than 
Sonic Lady and that is precise- 
ly the difference between them 
now, when, to make matters 
even more interesting, they 
have been drawn alongside 
one another at the start 

Yesterday George Robin- 
son, our Newmarket corre- 
spondent. who has been 
watching the two principals do 
all their groundwork on the 
Heath recently, told me that 
he prefers Sonic Lady at this 
juncture because he believes 
that she is the more forward. 


Newmarket selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 One Liner. 2235 Royal Nugget 3.5 Sonic Lady. 3.40 rarfminm. 
4.10 Lastcomer. 4.40 Pretty Great. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 One Liner. 223$ Royal Nugget 3.5 Sonic Lady. 3.40 Stas the 
Man. 4.10 Lastcomer. 4.40 Bonny Light 
By Michael Seely 

235 Royal Nugget 3.S Sonic Lady. 4.10 LASTCOMER (nap). 

33 NELL GWYN STAKES (Group lib 3-y-o fffles: £14,440; 7f) (9) 

Ml 2111- EMBLA (C St Geontn) L Cumani 8-12 Pel Eddery 3 

3® 11- ALAMAHtJK(ASaBilF0urr87 GStvkey9 

303 210- BAM9OL0NA {D Mdrayre) R Streamer 6-7 RCoctamS 

305 010- BU5TARA (E M&K ) G Wragq 87 PRsbteeanC 

306 01- LADY SOPWEIH Joel) H CoS 8-7 SCmOmiiB 

308 0120- METEORIC (K Abdula] *Y Kem B-7 W Carton 2 

309 303032- MOONLIGHT LADY (Raktvale Lid) P KeBoway B-7 P Cook 7 

310 304- MRS WADOAOVE (J Juncnvfle HI P fetany 67 — 1 

313 1- SONIC IA0T (USA) (SheM Mohammed) M 8 du» 87 — WRStUnl 

9-4 Sane Lady. 5-2 Embla. 4-1 Ata MaiA. 8-1 Lady Sophie. 12-1 Bambokma, 
Meteoric. 16-1 Buswa. Moonsght Lady. 33-1 Mrs Waddtom. 

FORM: EMBLA (8-11) won II Iran Kmgscate (8-1 11 wMiBAMBOLONA (8111 7th beaten 
71. 14 ran. NewmarVat STsttca good Oct 2. ALA MAHUK (8-11) wc ‘ " v 

k«6Ts*»gooaOci2. ALA HAHUK (8-11) won hd from Royal Nug- 
get (3-4) 11 ran. Salisbury dt sms good to firm Sop 12. BUStRA 18-8} 9th beaten a to 
Trairttoo tB-6) 9 ran. Nmmarkat Tistks good to firm Oct 19. LADY Sophie (8-1 1} won 
1 til from Buthayna 18-1 1)11 ran. Yarmouth Bfatks good to Brm Sac 19. renTWioirini-7* 
5ft Deaton 6VJro Untold (87) 9 raa Ascot 1m elks good totem Sep 26 
3) won 71 from Warm Wmcorm (W) 9 ran. Ascot ffi 80a fim Sap 2B. 

Selection: EMBLA 

60 (12) 

401 611130- ME PULSE (R McNnm) J NnMy 4-9-10 MHMi3 

402 (U411- BACXCHAT lUSAgpl (K Anduta) G Harwood 442 GStvtayS 

405 0C1142- STAN THE MAN (S Squires) M Tompfcns 4-8-10 RCodnooll 

406 013331- CADMIUM (O) (Guttng Stud Ltd) P COM 4^9 P* Eddery 4 

407 111204) NAFT1LQS (Cast M Lamas) C Bntran 4-M PReUraoaE 

409 0300-04 TRAPEZE ARTIST (3) Hmropoup Hotting N Vigors 98-1 SDmaa(3)2 

410 3010-10 TivtAN (C| nacy MatnwwslT Matthews 87-12 QDUdefi 

411 213111- PAWS SuSer |Moa B Ourtwv) C fhomwi 5-7-12 W Cm 7 

412 001213- HMMTAVI |A Boon) BHtt 6-7-11 — R Street 9 

413 0C301-O POPSTS JOT (C) (M Haynes) M Haynes ll-7-IO R Fox 12 

414 0023-42 RCSTHERtE (Mrs N NuitaB) K Stono 4-7-10 — 10 

415 003002- DGMMATE (Mrs S WNtatns) P Mtttod 5-7-7 — G Carter (5)1 

7-2 Badcchat 4-1 Inda Pulse, 9-2 Trepasa Artist. 8-1 Rosftama. 8-1 npaTa Joy. 

Gadmum. 1 2-1 Names. 14-1 rmu Taw. 16-1 others. 

FORM: WOE PULSE ffl-4) 9th hasten war 19 to Tale Quale 

FORM: WOE PULSE (8-4) 9th beaten gw 19 to Tale 
stks good ts TimiOa 3. BACXCHAT (8-6) won 3 from 
1m H h ea p good firm Oct17 STAN THE MAM O-SI i 

2m 21 hamoood toHMHHHHMMI 

■ ) 10 ran. Newmarket 2m 
I (83) 7 ran. Newmarket 
1m 61 h eap good hnn oct 17. STAN tie MAN (9412nd 25VI to SpM Image (9-7) 17 ran. 
YarmouftZm 21 h’cap good to tom Sep 1 9. CADMAM (8-6) won 1 W Mom Cana MB (8-6) 
7 ran. Catwncfc 1m makegood to firm Oqifl.TIVlAH ( 9-3) un placed to Record Wing (7- 

121 13 ran. Wanmck 1m 41 heap so« Apr 1. PATH’S aSTER (8-1) won 21 BaM Champ 
(8-0) 16 ran. Doncaster 2m 21 good Non 8 ROW TAW (7-12) 3rd beaten Ul to Bocoda 
Lad (7-4) 6 ran Sandown 2m h eap good to firm July 6. 


4.10 LADBROKE HANDICAP (3-y-o: £5,064: Tt) (17) 

SOI 210- MISTER WOMXRFUL (LMrea Duchess of Nortofc) J Dunlop 9-7 — — IS 
503 303- PGGE ffS BES T (USA) |Sr P Oppentwner) G Wragg 9-2 — PM Eddery 16 

504 316- TOWN JESTER (USAXQ (Pioneer BtaMOCk) 

R Armstrong 81 38 CautfM 7 

505 014- TH ALA9S WO ASTERI (D) iCapr M Lamps) C Smart 6-12 — PP-“ " 

506 021000- SWOTS PAL (Ms S Wan) G Lewis 8-12 P 

507 401200- EDGEWISE fZ Sanaa) J Daugtas-tfcme 8-12 R Cocteuae 1 

508 1- LASTCO*ER (USA) (Stnfch Mahvumod) M Stoute 8-11 _ W H SwMbom 11 

510 022- CWHOtSETOE (USA) (1 ABaa) L Curtsw 8-9 R GoMt 13 

511 1- MOT GEM BfltC Btockwsfl) R Hannon 8-9 

512 213080 KVMN OF HARLECH (A Anderson) G PntCMd-QORfeM M 

514 311834 MAYOR (A SraoefM Least fifi 

515 01- XtliQS TOUCH (Mm SMacMastmP Make 85 a Baxter 6 

517 120008 DUNLORMG (R Kasaani G PnWanWSordoft 85 W Ryan 12 

520 181 GOOSE KILL (D) iHippadfomi Haong) M W Easxwby 81 (Sex) GCuter -- 

521 002-12 BELOW ZERO (BF) (T Ramntan) A Bain 7-12 (San) C Rutter 

5 E 002-1 EMRTS(0)(LWy DAngdor-Gotond) N Vigors 7-10 SDawnn (3J M 

526 000-3 WKEWIOU. IS Canoe) MTompMH 7-7 R Mona (7) 17 

4-1 Goose K*. 9-2 Lastcomer. 81 Emm. 6-1 BMow Zara 81 Digfiar^i Rest 
Chmorseno, 10-1 hot Gam. 12-1 Mr Kdwmtt, Hymn Of HatlocfL 14-1 others 

FORM: MSTER WONDERFUL (9-0) 9th to Came Hair (94Q 12 ran. Newbury 71 stk9 good 
Oct 24. DIGGERS REST (9-0) SMbeawn 1%4toDoka(B>11120ran. Newmarket Slstks 
to firm Oa 19. TOWN JESTER (8- 131 unpla ced to )*omandOaaltm (9-0) 11 ran. 
et 1m h'e» goad 0« 2. THALA8SM0 ASTERI (83) 4th beaten 4 W to B Cults 
ran. Nowbury 1m s9Q good Oct 26. LASTCOMER (8-11) won til Iron Fruity 
j (80) 21 ran DoncwW good Nov 8 CWiOISBtE (80) 2nd beaten 31 to 
Queens ScMM* (80) 14 ran. Yannoun 71 sacs good Ain 7. HOT GEM 0-6) won IViltrom 
Sand-Up (8-1 1) 9 ran. Ch^stow 71 aks good to soft Oct 21 . KMGS TOUCHJ80) won dl 
from Knyt (81 1)23 ran. Rodear 61 c*ks firm Oct 31. GOOSE WLLM-a) won 2V,| from Im- 
provisa (8-1 3) 7 raa NewcasW 71 h'cap soft Mar 31. BELOW ZERO (8-3)2nd beaten Y,\ 
» Gorgeous Algernon (88) 5 ran Bngfrton 1m h’cap good to 80ft Apr ID. EMRYS (80) 
wwi sfUW tram PrmcMy Estate (80) 12 ran. LsKester 71 mdi stts soft Mar 2S. 

4.40 STETCHWORTH MAIDEN STAKES (3-y-o: £3,613: 61) (22) 

328 BEKT1E WOOSTER (Miss A Rawdng) L Ptagotl 84) WRSwUmnll 

208 KXMV LIGHT ipr K Owusu-Nyamekyl) R SmaBwr 9-0 HCochtanal 

CMi*«msreT(CGayeoB)N Catoffian M ML Thames B 

6Q4 42328 COO£ES(USA| |P LockQlG Harwood 80 GSMt1aqp20 

60S GREGORIAN CHANT (I* C Vioadoii] P Watoyn 9-fl PBalEddarylS 

eg; 00303- HANSOM LAD (Mrs V Hagh) WHagn 80 SLma22 

eng 008 HOMME tTAFFABC 0*5 LB*nsn)G Lewis M PWafebma 

eifl 0008 KHAMSIN RSI (J Kerniy) R Hannon 80 A McGtone 21 

fill KHLESTAKOV (A HaO) M Smyly 9-0 RCnrautS 

612 2-0 LOW KEY (Mount Ploasant Contracts) N CMaghan 9-0 T Lean 17 

614 08 MUOTAMS (H Al-Mataum) C Bensteed 9-0 BRouaaU 

616 00328 NO BEAT04G HARTS |T Hart) MUcComack 80.. SCa4han3 

618 PACTjlAs A ChApman) M Prescott 80 GDuf&eM 16 

620 M- RESPECT (R Rniirtonrjwatson) D Lawg 80 — WCanooS 

621 SHAY1 e ?41 IH AW4am*m A SWwan 80 M Hubert! 7 

fi?2 08 FORMAT URaJPMaMnM G Saner S 

623 008 ANGEL TARGETW feck) G Wragg 811 ... PRaMnenW 

624 8 GEORGIAN ROSE (CAnsaMKImy 811 — 12 

Sfi NEQUEWCMAN iMrs J Mufion] R Anratrorg8l l VSoMi(714 

627 8 nJUUHJREISLAMI (Seymour BkxnskidOGniidsmroardon 

605 OKCOUNAH awn lur L vnaamj r wunsyn 

607 00303- HANSOM LAO (Mrs VHMhlWHagn 80 

609 008 HOIME VAFFABE (Us LBaenanjG Lewis 80 

eifl 0008 KHAMSIN RB)[J Kenny) R Hannan 80 

611 KHESTAKOV f A Mad) M Smyly 8Q — 

612 2-0 LOW KEY (Mount Ploasani Contracts) NCaSaotor) 

B Rouse 13 

— 9C«*han3 

— GDof&eld 16 
W Carson 2 

— M Roberts 7 


...PRaMnan W 

— V SnMi (7) 4 

628 P0M0ED LADY (USA) OCndaihi 

3 PWTTY GREAT flam Matthow 
4-1 Codices, 81 BK»! Wocaaw. 8-i 
Oregomn Chant 12-1 Angel TargeL 14-1 Pr 

811 WRyenlS 

(USA) flCnctorM Cowtten) R ArmetnjngMI. PTWilS 
flow Matthews) I Maonews 811 GCartwffllfl 

*811 G Carter (S) 10 

81 No Beating Haris. 181 
181 others. 

So Sonic Lady will also do for 
me. Our man at Newmarket 
also added that Stoute is 
hopeful of winning the Geof- 
frey Barling Maiden Stakes 
with Royal Nugget and the 
Ladbroke Handicap with 

While conceding that back- 
ing three-year-old fillies at this 
time of the year, especially 
when it has been as cold as it 
has recently, is a full ofpitfells, 
I still feel that Royal Nugget 
(135) should have to only give 
of her best (and last year that 
best was a narrow defeat by 
the 1,000 Guineas favourite, 
Kingscote, at Ascot in July) to 
break the ice, although I am 
bound to pass on a very 
encouraging word indeed for 
Vianora, Guy Harwood's 

In going for Lastcomer 
(4.10) I am acutely aware of 
the feet that I am putting all 
my eggs in one basket and that 
is all the more chancey before 
a stable shows itself to be in 
form. So those who prefer an 
alternative can choose be- 
tween Goose Hill, from Mick 
Easterly's stable, and Emrys, 
who is trained by Nicky 

Neither men have done 
much wrong of late and the 
same applies to Paul Cole, the 

trainer of Cadmium, my selec- 
tion for the Jerry Spencer- 
Smith Memorial Handicap. 
Since moving to Whatcombe, 
Cole has had a marvellous run 
and Cadmium, a son of the 
Irish and French Leger win- 
ner, Ninisky, should continue 
to keep the success flowing 
now that he is racing over a 
distance that should suit him 
both temperamentally and on 

Being by Longleat and out 
of a mare by Swing Easy, 
Jonleat, Lester Piggott's run- 
ner in the EBF Stuntney 
Maiden Stakes has a fast 
pedigree. However, in this 
instance my information is 
that he may well have to give 
best to Neville Callaghan's 
runner One Liner, who, being 
by Sky Liner and out of a mare 
by The Go-Between, is not 
exactly devoid of fast blood 


But in my opinion, the 
day's best bet is to be found at 
Devon and Exeter, where I 
Got Stung is napped to win the 
RMC Group Novices' Hunter 
Chase. Already a winner by 20 
lengths at Lmgfield and a 
distance at Huntingdon, 
James Delahooke's six-year- 
old is dearly a bit above 

Cecil gets 
flyer with 

The first runners of the new 
season from the powerful stables 
of Henry Cedi and Michnd 
Dickinson enjoyed contrasing 
fortunes in the Privy Councillor 
Stakes at Fbftestone yesterday. 

Tussac, ■ representing the 
record-breaking Cecil, six times 
champion trainer and the first to 
win a millio n pou n ds in a 
season, started at 7-4 on and 
fa acfyrf up to an effortless 10- 
length victory. But Bolivia, a 10- 
1 chance and the first runner for 
Dickinson in his new . job as 
Robert Sangster's private 
trainer, could not drag her ieei 
out of the heavy ground and 
trailed in a bad last, 32 lengths 
frfthinri the winner. 

Cedi is ' expected to have 

With an air of uncertainty 
prevailing over the day's two 
Flat meetings, I expect to see 
him prove my point by re- 
maining unbeaten under Na- 
tional Hunt rules and thus 
Justifying his owner's journey 
from his home in Bucking- 
hamshire instead of to New- 

market, which would have 
been his natural rouie in days 
gone by at this stage of the 

Kathies Lad, fresh from 
winning the first race at 
Liverpool on Grand National 
Day a gain, is my principal 

other fancy at Devon to win 
the Heavitree Brewery Chal- 
lenge Cup in spite of lire feet 
that Silver Ace, an ally of old, 
is among his opponents. Silver 
Ace’s limitations were ex- 
posed at Sandown last time 
out when he scraped home by 
only a short bead. 

his borne meeting, this week and 
the style of Tussac's success can 
only be encouraging for the 
trainer, who has 169 hones in 

Raring results — page 38 

Tussac's owner, Peter Burrell, 
the farmer head of Ihe National 
Stud, commented: “None of 
them could really go in this 
ground, so I don’t know what 
the race teds os. Tussac is 
usually a very free horse but 
settled well here. Six furlongs is 
as fer as he would want to go. He 
might just about scramble a 
group race.” 


Televised: 2L35, &5, 3.40, 4.10 

Going: good 
Draw: no advantage 

2.0 EBF STUNTNEY MAIDEN STAKES (2-y-o celts and geldngs: 
£2,385: 5f) (4 runners) 

101 2 FRENCH TUITION (BF) (Mrs H Beaufort) R Hannon 90 AMeGtonaS 

102 JONLEAT (Mrs C Dtcksod) L PigooB 80 WRSwtate*n2 

103 MISTER MAJESTIC (0 Johnson) R J Wfltems 80 RCoctaawH 

104 ONE LUER (K Al-Sald) N Catalan 80 PttEddwyl 

7-4 French Tuition, 82 Jontoat. 7-2 One Linar. 4-1 Mister Majestic 

2.35 GEOFFREY BA RUNG MAIDEN STAKES (3-y-O ffiHss: £3,814: 

7f) (19) 

Sn ABSENCE OF MALICE (USA) (RTnssaOMBHoOuy 811 .RCodnoo 4 

202 0 ADHARl(St»iWi MAI Sabah) BHaniuy8l1 P Cook 10 

203 042018 APWXmajDJotewonJJ Tree 811 PKEddonra 

207 3022- EASTBM HOUSE (L Freedman) H Cad 811 SCuOanl? 

209 GAVE* (K Ivon) K nory 81 1 — 13 

210 02- GREAT LEKSNS (A Boon) B HRs 81 1 S Thomson 9 

GREEN FOR QAM^ (A Stood) JHImSBy 811 MHMsIfi 

8 HARDY CHANCE (HKaskeqBHfls 811 R Street 11 

08 HIGHLAND BALL (E Motor) G Wrm 811 G DbBUM 12 

215 033- LKB4ESS (Lort Pon*es»r) W hem 811 W Canon 1 

217 MSS HKXS (USA) (DFiShaHM Ryan 811 P RoHmos 15 

218 MSS TMEDp Maine) WJannt 811 HaaRotiarte? 

.220 8 MHAO (Mafctown Al ItenouU) B Hanbury 811 Q Baxter 3 

221 8 QUEB4 OF BATTLE (BGartiauaarJM Ryan 811 R GuoatlO 

222 322- RQTAL NUGGET (USA) (She«te Mohamad) MStoun 811 WRS«dnbam5 

223 8 SOEMBA (Sir P Oppwtonisr) Q Wragg 81 1 Peal Ettoarr 14 

226 8 VIANORA (J FticftmoncJ-WatsonlG Haneood 811 GSteftoyfi 

22- ZALAT1A (R Wautei) W Jams 811 B Rons* 2 

ZIMMKUDAH(USA)(H AI-MaMoui^ H Thomon Jonas 811 AManaylS 
82 Royal Nugget 7-2 Ukeness, 9-2 Soemba. 81 Eastam Housa, 81 Vianora. 18 
1 Great Letgha, 12-1 ZaWia. 181 Aphrosna, 181 OthaiB 

Goina: soft 

Draw: 5f, high numbers best 

£1,196: 1m 3f) (7 runners) 

1 3201 

2 88-1 
3 01-1 
6 ES&- 

? mo- 

B 00-3 
9 008 

7-4 lc»D.8l Owl Caatto. 11-2 Nbnfate Nattre, 7-1 HI Ryda. 
181 Vantastic. 181 Cbaarful Times, 181 Dad's Gunner. 


r u»i 

Wolverhampton selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Icaro. 2.45 Bhigo Queen. 3.15 Coppermill 
lari. 3.45 Sopercoombe. 4. 1 5 Actinium. 4.45 Star 
of Ireland. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

2.15 Icaro. 3.15 Brave and Bold. 3.45 Alkaayed. 

4.15 French Flutter. 4.45 Follow the Band. 

£1,200: 5f)(14) 

1 48 

2 080 

4 004- 


6 080 
7 82 

11 OH 

12 8 
18 0M 

18 OH 


U 808 

82 Raws, 10830 Superbombs, 11-2 AkosuMl, 7-1 
Maremdaa, 81 Northern Lad. 181 GtoadhS Parti. 12-1 Loch 
Form, 181 Hoboumes Katio. 181 oflMnL 



G om g: good to soft 

2JQKYBO NOVICE HURDLE (4-y-a £664: 2m 2f) (17 

'jiiui * 

(£1^)24: 3m 2f IlOytfl (16) 

1 p LAMKrrON MraJC roe 812-7 W HnaipiraM (7) 

3 OH) QOLOBI MRtSTRa. <04n J T GKonJ 7-11-8 . RRowa 


4 38P nsnMHEAUGKndl 


J T QRbrd 7-1V8 

w 811-3 

(hint 181811 R 

O: £677: 5f) (2) 

2 BWGO aural J Berry 83 Mfirl 

S SAWTSGOLD DWtotleS-8 HB|ma(7)2 

4-7 Bingo Quean, 11-10 Sand's Gold. 

I.. =1, -Til if- 

84 Wuntaga, 15-8 Youngster, 13-2 Goodman Point. 181 0 
■oo. 181 E$a Rasher, 14-IHn'a Prido. 181 othore. 

5-2 KuU. 7-2 Chokaa dt Critics. 82 Garden MnstraL 11-2 
Ptortmh-s Own, 81 Dan Rotto. 181 Mnteng Clowr. 181 
(Uiytiin Slick, 14-1 atari 


(£1.242: 2m 2) (16) 
i 12m 
8 1220 
5 -wo 

10 IBM 


10 4 


2-1 kMham. 7-2 Danbardar, 81 French Fkmer. 81 SOm 
ProapocC Mr WaTs-HM-Namo, 181 Actinium. 181 Abydm, 
181 others. 

445 ULAC HANDICAP (£2,172: 1m) (20) 

Fontwell selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Wantage. 230 Takeafonce. 3.0 Predominate. 
3 JO Pharaoh's Own. 4.0 Man O’Magjc. 4 JO 
Autumn Zulu. 5.00 Snowy PearL 

41) (15) 

28 fPV 8AUUNG0 SONS PR DuBBten 7-180 — 

11-4 Mx woodcock. 72 Pta. 82 Mr Kay. 7-1 Man Major. 
wfcutoB 1 Roy * i ^f^wwant KJnftU-1 

Going: good to soft 

(£81 1:2m) (21 runners) 

8 0210 TAXCOOEfC-DIN Crump 81 V7 CllaaiMna 

9 040 BRfeAROMA A Sooti 811-6 8 Storey 

11 00 CAIJPHJGtow 811-6 Dale Mdteown (2) 

13 CATCH-IHUnOW Mra J Sanpson 

18 nnTu:iM>wiins.iu a«k» 


21 8 


24 4022 


26 P 


28 0000 

1 1 

39 8 

40 0 


252 p 

7-4 Met Officer, 7-2 Ftechurch Colony. 81 Tax Coda, 81 
Bngarana, 81 Tartan TwAgw. 181 Carpri, 20-1 omers. 

Catterick selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Met Officer. 2.45 Gowan House. 3. 15 Travel 
Home. 3.45 Durham Edition. 4.15 Dover. 4.45 
Free To Go. 

3m 300yd) (17) 

2 DSP0 

14 3000 

15 1408 
1C 0080 
18 0000 
20 0300 
22 0(8 

7-2 Trawl Horae, 4-1 R Nancy. Dtanau's Trow. 81 
Gataffiri.7-1 BBHov. 181 Tin Boy, Baton Match, 14-1 ottMra. 

300yd) (7) 

2120U DURHAM EDITION (80) W A Staplienson 


3 POP 
5 0FP2 

14 M8 HAwiraStSl tX7i EntarSr iVfwtllllp Tte* 

17 0400 JMHYCHMS CO DIM 9-104 C Grant 

18 248F PURPLE BEAMT Barnes 7-180 M Banes 

13-8 Kudos, 100-30 Durham Edition. 4-1 Happy Worker. 8 

1 Door Step, 181 Broken Speech, 181 Jramy Chips, 281 
Purple Beam. 

4-15 SUB ZERO NOVICE CHASE (£1,024: 2m) (14) 

39 00 

40 0 

41 flPP 

81810 MrN master 

42 832 WBJUAMBLMC(BF)J TGBfart 7-1810 — RHowa 

43 P BALTK CALL Pat UtchaH 8105 CHaa 

45 P OLASSamMOHLGRtolay 

5-IMMwP ntoi lteya(7) 

7-4 Predom ina te, 5-2 WMsm Bteks. 7-1 CDktatjour Lad, 
81 Whskay TlmeilO-l Foxes Caattea, 181 Menton Monarch, 
14-1 Tnooa 181 others. 


Going: Good 

HURDLE (£730: 2m 1 Q (18 runners) 

7-4 Snowy Peart. 81 Penny Rosa, 81 
Surarei vaaey. 12-1 Chief Rtamer, 181 Ban 
Track. 281 often*. 

I Mmred. 181 
,281 Ratevay 

81811 R Eamehew 

28 -PPP WOLD WAU Mrs COaik 81811 — 

9-4 Randomly. 81 Gowan House. 82 Eboracm, 11-2 
Even De e per, 81 Arapaho Praice. 181 Greet Tarqum. 281 

2m) (17) 

1 380 BOV SAMTOB) 0) W MacMe 7-11-10 — 

3 WB PATWOreFAtR(fiR E Pwcodi 1811-4 „ SJOTWH 

4 -203 DQMVSTnmce^mHCategrMae 

5 3020 BATCH MATCH (Q)M Chapman 

6 412 RNANCTHWhalon 8112 

7 1200 GMATCH D) WWBfc 811-2- 

811-2™ RBaBMl 

5 YoutowM 


„ 84 Dover. 81 Steal venture. 81 Harhr Ranch, 81 Cape 
Farevwe. 12-1 Busk Fuzz 4 MoonHghtina 181 others. 

£567 An) (21) 

2 0403 

3 1 

4 0000 
s mm 

7 gp 

11 P 

is 0 

i8 ram 

23 9 

2s a 
26 0 

27 00 

28 OP 



31 0 
11-10 I 


• Bickerstaffe, blinkered for the first tune, swept 
back to rortn at Wnherby yesterday after 15 
months without a victory by winning the 
i^ighUey Handicap Hurdle 


RTtottr 811-12— SDeody 
0 Carter 7-11-12 — 

io -344 pao r o wac fuaqp j hom» 811-2 

Bowden 81 

N Handeraon 8182 

RBbtcaney 81811 Mf 

— (As E Kerewd ^ 1 1 _ □ Kubumt 

SB 430 H0BEY BATIBf^ Ms S Otar 7-1811— Jacgte “ 

27 o LE BLEU G "niarrar 6-;;-? 1 -Vi 

30 0FP WffTE PBHy Miet A Ungatd 81811 

32 004 BROAD WO OD Mra J Wonnacoe 81810 DVomcott 
36 TP GWLLM BNTERPIttSE R Juckes 4-1810— T PkMd 
36 00 UXto HURPHY R Haider 4-1810 — 1 

» P WAHISMS X BisSmp 4-MMfO. 

40 P W0B8^IMreEKarewd 4-iMO 


11-4 Benty Haatii. 7-G Seamy Steve. 81 Ptfopotmaso, 182 
Gain The oiv, 81 Kobay Bay. 181 Gtazapu Aq am, 12-1 
Conor’s Rock, 181 often. 


2 3000 


10 -944 PBdPONNESE 
14 0 


24 3304 


Devon selections • 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Benty Heath. 2J0 Ena ODor- 3 J) Kathies Lad. 
3.30 Redgrave Artist. 4.0 1 GOT STUNG (nap). 

3J0 Redgrave A 
4.30 Wild ConL 


2 ItiSP nLCWOHL MM Pipe 811-5. 

4 4 m MAS NERO CF Jackson 81 1-2 

5 3410 BM OLLEY D Bawoitb 4-11-0 

6 MB MY AtfLHG A P James 81813 

Mr B Dealing (7) 
C Baras 
G Jones 
GCtaatea Jones 

Today’s course specialists Greenall can 

NEWMARKET JOCKEY& R Eaanshaw 11 wkmere from nl/»cn min 

JIBtS: H Cec* 86 wtmere fron? 307 gfflL gM%: J J ONeM 10 frotii 53. C10S6 &ED 

wre. 280%; M Stoute 48 Horn 303. latetaCHewtea 18 from 94,17.0*. _ _ . _ _ ® 


TOUraS: H Oad 86 winners Iram 307 
namere. 2BM: M Stoute 48 from 303, 
IS^fcPUaWn 5 town 33. 152V 
JOCKEYS: S Dawson 9 wtonere from 01 
rates. 14.8%; S Caidhen 89 from 475. 
14JV Par Eddery 55 from 429. 128%. 


TRAINERS: S Norton 8 utinran Iran 33 
rurmere, 24.2%; M Jama 9 burn 41. 
a agyPC ota 14 from 72. 19.4V 
JOCKEYS:! QuMn 10 wvmers hwn 57 
rales. 1 7-5%; J Lotto 9 from 48. 16.7%; N 
Day 7 from 43. 16.3V 


KRAMERS: F Winter 15 winners from 35 
nmnara, 428V D EJworth 19 from 63. 
30 JV J Janldna 20 trim 100.20.0%. 
JOCXEY& H Davies »a*mera tram 119 
rates. 235V BPowefl 13frqm 84. 1S8V 
S Snatti Ecdas 11 tom 73. 15JIV 


KRAMERS; Mnj M DIckInoon 25 adnnem 
from 80 nirmere. 41 ,7V M H Gaatertiy 20 
from 70, 288V M W E&surby 18 from 62. 

JOCKEYS: R E ar ne he w 11 wkmere from 
47 rates. 23.4V J J CNei 19 from 53. 
189V C Hawfona 16 from 94, 17.0V 


TRAMERS: S Woodman 19 «4nnora from > 
95 runners. 200%; J Jenldna 24 from Mfl, 
17.1V J Gifford 39 from 233. 187V 
J0CICY8: S Shenwood 8 wginers tram 32 
rides, 18.8V R Durraoody 16 from 80. 
17.8V M Hetringlon 9 from 80. 1&0V 

• Mecca report substantial sup- 
port for Frankie Dorr's Ala | 
Mahlik in the 1,000 Guineas, , 
and have cm her odds to 9-1 i 
from 12-1. Sonic Lady, who 1 
onuses her in the Nerf Gwyn 
Slakes today, is now 4-1 second 
favourite (from 6-1) with Cor- . 

Blinkered first time 






The Poin8to-Pautt Owners 
Association hokt thetr meeting, 

postponed from 10 days ago, at 
As home this afternoon (Brian 
Bed writes). With Mike Felton 
waning for the Axe Vale tomor- 
row. whore he ndes Tough and 
Rugged in the open and Serghitl 
in inc restricted Peter Greenall 
has the opportunity of closing 
the gap of four between them 
His best chance would seem 
to be his selected of Run Token 
and Santfadi fle Boy in the 
restricted race, as Desert Fox 
looks to be difficult to beat in 
the open 

Buc c te wch ’ i fi Jod Fcreat Rwre Htiugh 
jPol^to-Potot Oumcra AwoditioS. 

7 0412 POO&LA BF1 S Mtoor 4-10-10 

8 000* COdRTUUuS GML W Reher 4-1M 

9 8N G W DUPERMAAE N Ititchal 8108 
10 FM AV9JIQE L Kcwtrd MM 
12 3322 tMMMncmn Root 8188 
16 22ft LAPY W B PO WP t R Hofcter 4-187 

16 0002 HANDY LANE L Kanrard 8186 

17 m3 DUCHfciS OF CONMAUT 0 Bwthal 4-186 8 IMh (7) 

ia Ottn BfeJW DOBa.TUQnw 4-104 (7W) WNtertn 
19 4000 PETITE MBMGEJ Boday 8188 MBwteyfd 
21 8000 OOMMA OOnj N Bmy 8182 

8181 how nu 
» 8004 RBK HKVgOM LKaifWg 4-188, . 8Etete{4) 
26 0200 BALLY0HNEY (URL P ROdfrrd 8188 CGoqr 

10830 Dophantira, 4-1 PooMtiL M Hand* Lane 81 
Ireland Qul 81 Lady Rrepotwr 10-1 Cartandsart 


(£3,454 2m If) (16) . 

2 3311 KATMES LAD (tMX A P Jam 9-12-0 SStettECCiM 

4 1448 OUR RIM fflnjTGHford 8111 EHamtqm 
6 -224 ftOlUMV MOdVMDE T A Rraar W-11-0 HUavta 

5 1100 AfBMUL'tiCUPFTIMnM-8108 CCwM 

10 lODP COBLEY EXPRESS BB Isaacs 10-187 RHHna 

11 Till SLVra*CCUCPba?l86 

12 FC51 R«DMU.^O)KB*bqp11 184 PMefrante 

18 141 NOmk YARD (8» PJHobbs 181(W Pkitip Hobbs 
14 012p WAIMaroRLTOJREmDRGandolk) 


16 2W PRETTY HOPEFUL RJ Hodjas 11 «M 

17 1002 ATATAM0 « J O BCtwte W-180 iPMcMIa 

19 20TF AKRAM H JH0daas8188 J 

20 803 HR PEAPOCK (80) T B HMatt } 

18180 SaflUHtikaDantarp) 

21 PPM SPAMSH GOO JC-n C L Popham 11-10-0 — 

22 QlFO MZMASPMKLGCoBrel 7-1D-0 — GwxgaKltigfct 

» 030F PRMCEBU8KMSF Gorman 11-180 

4^S Kathtes Lad, 81 BOwar Aca. 182 AdMnta Cup, 81 Our 
Fun, 12-1 Warner For Leisure, 14-1 Romany Wghtshaoa, 


(£547: 2m If) (1ft) 

1 2311 HBXMAVE ARTIST MCRpa 541-12— 

2 3W0 TASHONYA ffl» J R Jertidns 4-11-3 S<m Bran 

9 00 WGHIlEffOfnWrer 811-2 S Ernie (4) 

18 P BA1URUMA TO O OTW 81811 

14 00 BCORNE D J Wntia 81811 

15 02-0 B J MOON 

16 mm CHEBCY ROSES BSknent81811 

17 OP GALLVHAfrfre A Tucker 81811 

19 P- HOT MELOOTHG BOB 5-1811 

20 8F4 TREVI FOtMTAM G P Bafgh) 

8W-11MTT Gmail— W 

21 4002 FOREVB1 NK) G B Baking 4-1810 — 

23 mm BOY WGTtew 4-1810 — TmcyltenwO) 

25 000 JOHN STAR A RDtotaon 4-1810 -Z-LGrtitteis 

26 ma KUWAIT LBS. FJentm 4-1810 RHyea 

27 FOG ME1RO STAR (FR) P A Bowden 4-1810 RDailF 

a mm r ed bol t gam— 4 -w-io bpm 

mmp AVdTE M CaaM 4-185 K Traitor (7) 

84 0B4 MRS BUMBLE PJNobto 4-185 KDavtea 

9-4 Radpava Artist 81 Forever Mo. 4-1 W-Tach Boy, 81 
Kuwait LeeL 81 Cheeky Rosas, 181 Tiwf Fountain. 


(amatuers: £1 ,385: 3m IQ (17) 

l -i 5 ISSEWS SW^ 13 -’ 2 — 

3 ~12» GALA PMNCC (B) R C Armytefle^ 1 ^" 1 ^ ^ P) 

I gg? ss 1 , 9 STSSi § 

« IF-0 NEVER DEB4H)HMeaeai^ean0to^ 1V12S ^ m 

82 PuraHE*YCRB0 UD m4 ,Via *" , ^ {? » 

itmi rrnni— Kavnrn 

23 048 PRMCEHLEORNE R ftar 11-11-12 MrsKRua(7) 
» _ WUD HWEWJ Hama 811-12 IWUrfieoSaM 

» JO H OCK CAN DY MrsPjpges 1811-12 DStepfateim 
g SAMBSPWrePjaamjn 12-11 12 _ 

31 7* TUUWAWtNA Raaww 1811 12 __ 

42 &MK*VEn£Bin7 *%**+," 

Sfsr-" 01 *™™ « "»* 

HURDLE (E2E70* 2m If) fig 

• ifflssssft^Ksya 10 p c "ss 

12 3M1 WU) CORN WE 
1Sm§ 5OUD0WKMZ) 

16 0034 TIGHT TURNfGH 


18 0404 BUCUMT(q«M9DltBawv«) 

W 3001 SAFFRON LORD (CD) LG 660,1 

21 ■« M DAD MreJPfenre 8186 ^^^BPteatel 
■DM EMAMOra OMEN UfiGOwr 810* n rt,,^ 
a* IMP JUST BLAKE J D Rotate 8188 e R J22 

a m C0KR4L0J Wntia 8182 aoES 

. a 1230 PUZA TORO WG Turner 7 KH) TtewiiSnS 

M -003 MBDON LADY (0-0) TBHtMl ""Y'tewrP) 
, 81 WM Com 11 2 M Dad, 81 arffranLDre*^?^!^? 

tUXSSSif”*. 1 * 




HPre S 

CHap rejud (7) 





En g land have veteran Success of 

Francis in reserve 
as the big heat looms 

by Scots 

By Stuart Jones 
Football Correspondent 

April I 

this m 

at a 
Of GU 
chael i 
A fit 

of Ke 
man c 

In i 

Mr J. 
and L 
The e 
the H 
Os for 
Mr J. 
and h 
The t 
Sir R 
Mr H 
and h 
The t 
ler ol 
Mr C 
and P 
The ■ 
Mr J 
and T 
. the Is 
Mr J 
. and I 

of M 
of N 

One old player and one 
relatively young have been 
invited back 10 the threshold 
of England’s World Cup 
squad. Trevor Francis, five 
davs before his 32nd birthday, 
and Tottenham Hotspur s 
Gary Stevens, a fortnight after 
his 24th. were yesterday sum- 
moned io join the prepara- 
tions for the annual fixture 
against Scotland at Wembley 

next Wednesday. 

The inclusion of Francis is 
based on the memory of his 
performances on the tour of 
Mexico last summer. Seem- 
ingly unaffected by either the 
oppressive heat cr the ranfied 
atmosphere, he was by an 
appreciable margin the most 
lively of England's forwards 
during the opening two 
matches against the Italians 
and the hosts. 

England losl 2-1 and 1-0 
respectively and have not 
been beaten since. Francis, 
ordered by Sampdona to fly 
back half-way through the 
tour last June to fulfil his dub 
commitments, subsequently 

suffered from the injury prob- 
lems which have blighted his 
career and has not been 
avalaHe for selection since. 

Francis, who became 
Britain's first £1 million play- 
er when be joined Nottingham 
Forest in 1 979, repaid some ol 
the significant fee by ■ claiming 
their winner against Malmo in 

Soviet Union last month- 
They include his captain and 
namesake. Bryan, the other 
Gary Stevens, of Everton, 
Reid, Dixon and Watson. Of 
Cowans has 


tea Woodcock 

Frauds: Lineker understudy 

added only two more. His last 
was at the end of the largely 
irrelevant visit to Australia 
almost three years ago. 

Because of his age, he will 
fill the role of understudy to 
Lineker, a quicker youngfr 
leader of the attack with a 

more established striking rate. 
Yet few towering defenders in 
Mexico would relish the sight 
of a fresh Francis limbermgup 
on the sidelines in the closing 

stages of a World Oipne. 

The versatility of 
Tottenham’s Stevens has 
brought him back into cormrn- 

and Wright are 

through injury. wlvw 

Martin, left out of the Side the manager, Alex Ferguson, for 
Twist for disciplinary rea- the international with tne 

Arsenal is again overlooked A P™ a ^_ Ianan leain may play 
but only because he wuw ^ ^ g^e as the only Anglo- 

defending West Ham Umtafs ^ the pool is thedeputy 

championship challen ge in t he goa | Kee p rT - i Goram. of Oldham 

■ — Newcastle Athteiic, while the captain, 
night Souiiess. will by the rime of me 

By Hugh Taylor 

The success of Heart of 
Midlothian was reflected in me 
squads announced yesterday tor 
Scotland’s 1*« 
matches before the World Cap. 
Two of the dub’s outstanding 

■ ST r 

■ ; 


' l* 

V; > i ' 


rail *m 

4 ■ 

f . 

ruled out speedy defender, and 

Robertson, the powerful sharp- 
shooter, have been chosen by 

- -p : 

Down and oat Becker, handicapped™ 

home game; 

United on . - 

Beardsley, one of tus oppo- 
nents, is also excluded. 

The pair have been asked by 

from Upton Park andjom the 
rest of the party “for 
World Cup tato - Bam^ 
required by Watford the same 
evening, has received aamto 
request even though he, lute 
Francis, has not appeared m 
the starting line-up since the 
defeat by Mexico. 

Fenwick will be another late 

debu, by Wpu* 

?epi a ”fng T full back Oxford Unnrf d£ »■» 

Duxburv, for the second half n Sunday afternoon and is 
.... . — unlikely to be running around 

on the turf at Wembley some 
74 hours later. Butcher s part- 
ner is expected to be Watson, 

Norwich City’s captain who 
happened to Uft the trophy last 

in the win over Finland at 
Wemblev 18 months ago. 
Three weeks later he came op 
for a midfield player. Wil- 
liams, in the 8-0 humiliation 
of Turkey in Istanbul-. 
Sievcns retained his place 


oodofthesurnc^^HB but hi. 

scoring record under Bobby 
Robson is far more meagre, 
though his initial contribution 
was plentiful enough. . 

Francis was credited with 
both goals when England 
opened their European Cham- 
pionship challenge in 1982 by 
drawing in Denmark. In ms 
next 18 appearances, includ- 
ing three as a substitute, he 

February last year, 
international promise then 
collapsed temporarily under 

the weight of a goalmouth 
challenge at White Hart Lane. 
Only recently has he fully 
recovered from the serious 
knee injury. 

Robson has recalled five 
other representatives who did 
not make the journey to the 

international have left 
Sampdona, of Italy, to take over 
his new post as 

of Rangers. The leading Anglos 
are not available as they will be 
involved in a midweek League 

programme in England. 

There may be a problem over 
Souness. however. The manager 
wants the captain to play in me 
Netherlands as this » tje 1 “J 
match before Scotland leave for 
the World Cup. That, however, 
will rule out any chance of 
Souness taking charge of Rang- 


' arlicr - ^'ofstudying Ws w 

^ . are playing in a 

testimonial for ArdiJtt. 

The match with ihe Nether- 
lands is expected to a ve someof 

the fringe players a Ute chance 
to impress before the n J? na fP 
ires the pool to 22 for die 
World Cup finals. Jbe Rangera 
forward, McCoist, is likely to be 
one of the dark horses wnsd- 
cred in this international- One 
surprise is the omission of 
Johnston, the Celt* centre for- 
ward, who has started to find his 

true form for the club after going 
out of favour. _ w 
The main hope of the man- 


Bath have strong claims to 
places on England B tour 

A _ — tt .J a DnaW rnmwnfliuM 

by injury 

Bath will be strongly rep re- 
sented m the England® party » 

tour Italy next month, wtw* is 

due to be named today - The 

frarira. HiH and-Banws, those 
two promising fo*™™ 8 ’ 
Redman and Egprton, with a 


from the 

— Hold (Everton). G uopuhv of attackers at his 

Milan). _ . 

die (Tottenham) 

T Francis 

!mgtem. s 

David Campbell, the 20-year- 
old Nottingham Forest fonvara, 
was vesteraay named in North- 
ern Ireland’s squad lor the game . 
against Morocco at Windsor 
Park. Belfast on April -j. 

Campbell, a native ot 
Londonderry, was watched 
three limes recently by Billy 
Bingham, the Northern Ireland 
manager, who is looking for 
forwards with scoring power - 
one of the problems to have 
persistently troubled him in 
during his six years in charge. 

Campbell, who can occupy a 
number of forward 
joined Forest four years ago but 
only made his first-team debut 
three months ago. He scored 
two goals in the r A Cup victory 
over Bolton. 

Billy Hamilton, the Oxford 
forward, who has missed all toe 

internationals since last season, 
has recovered from a Knee 
injury and . is uamed jnjhe 
squad. Leicester s defender. 

Paul Ramsey, who is currently 
out with a groin strain, is also 
recalled but no pte « ms 
found for Martin CTNeilL of 
Fulham, a former captain, who. 
like Hamilton, has been sufier- 
ing from a knee injury. 

Bingham has named 19 play- 
ers and also asked Ni^ri 
Worthington, the Sheffield 
Wednesday defender who is 
recovering from injury, to join 


(Coleraine), J Q rWatfl 

Metmy (Manchawy 

stick to 

Gary Lineker, who on Sunday 
was voted the Footballer of the 
Year, will lead Ewton’s chal- 
lenge for championship points 
at Wetford tonight. The Engfand 
forward was returning from 
injury in his side’s 1-0 victory at 
Arsenal on Saturday and was 
replaced after 75 minutes by 
Adrian Heath, scorer of the 
game’s only goaL ^ 
iJut Howard KradaH, the 
Everton manager, confirmed 

yesterday that his lading scorer 

ut anilely plays. It is certain to 
be another disappointment tor 
Heath, who is looking to leave 
Goodison at the end of the 
season unless he is guaranteed 
regular first-team footbalL 
Lineker - who polled 80 per 

nch variety of attadews 
command he will .find the 
narinership to score in Mexico 
the goals which have been m 
such short supply this sMson 
from the Scotland forwards. 

Robertson, who has scored 12 
goals in the past 12 games, is at 
the moment the hottest property 
in Scottish football 3nd if Worm 
Cup places were to be awarded 
on current form the Hearts 
player should be m wiih a real 

Ch £ 1 is*a pity that Dalglish win 
not be available for the game 
with the Netherlands because 
there is a belief that the partner- 
ship of the vastly-experienced 
Liverpool player and the vig- 
orous. fast-moving youngster 
might prove an invaluable 

weapon in the Scotland attack in 

Mexico. _ 

The Aberdeen goalkeeper 
Leighton, who is the country s 
first choice, is unavailable be- 
cause of injury but he is ex- 
pected to be fit in time to travel 
to Mexico. 

A Goran (Omani). C Moray 
R Gough (Dundee Uniyft 

ere as Palmer, the, centre, 
the prop, and Simpson* me 
utility back row forward,. will 
also make the two-match visit. 

Curiously, Engla nd^ a nd 
Wales will aD-bul overlap m 
Italy since, as well as sendmf ® 
senior party to the Pacific 
Islands of Fqi, Tonga, and 
Western Samoa m May. “9? 
June, the Welsh Rugby Union is 
also dispatching a B team to 

The Welsh B squad was 
announced yesterday, and in- 
cludes four senior tnfor- 
narionals, Cary . P®* rcc > . 
Lewis, Gareth Roberts, and Ray 
Giles, the Aberavon scrum nan, 
who also captainsttesid^GUes 
captained the Presjdent s XV. 
whoplayed London Welsh at the 
weekend, and has bean an 
influential figure in his aubs 

successful season. 

Not more influential, how- 
ever, than Pearce, whose play 
this season has been so much 
more mature than when he wts 
capped by his country in 1981. 
He is the leading scorer in 
British rugby this season with 
397 points to his credit, and 
bearing in mind that the other 
stand-off half in the B party is 

served at half byk. 

Wales have adopted the same 
approach as England m select- 
ing capped pfayers for 
i~Tm They, too, wifl be {oolong 
at this tour for potential num- 
bers of next year’s World Cop 
squad, and will be hoping that 
young forwards, snch asMa* 
joncs! the Neath NoJLand 
Kevin Moseley, of Pontypod, 
can make substantial strides. 

• Thai approach may account 
for the omission of Waters, foe 
Newport lock, who ^ed 
throughout the mlemanonal 

season in the absence of the 
i suspended Noreter. Waters and 
•SKeley played toother ^ 
Wales B against France last 
October, but the selectors have 
gpne for younger men in tne 

second row. . 

The British Lions, who will 
play the Overseas Unions a 
Cardiff tomorrow have chosen 
five players from ^ 

finished jomt top of foe^five 
nations championaiip taow, 
and five from who 

finished bottom. The five Scots 

indude Deans, the captain, and 
the two back row players 
made such an impact on ti lt s 
season's champKfflsnip» Jcnrcy 
and Beattie- 

The ihreequarter line has a 
look of youth and considerable 
potential, with the old expen- 
eoced head of Rutherford - who 
should have been an ongmai 

selection in the squad - to bring 

the best out of them. 

i will be enU^d 


realistically do so in tne 
of a tour — tins summer should 
have seen a visit toSOTth Af™* , 
- wifl be up to the individuate 

nationai Board 

some revtsiMi during mere 
meeting which ends next weet- 

Dallas (UPD -\Afders 
of Sweden, picked up 
of his career 

when he dcmaiea 


Cbampianriiip Tennis winj- 
nament here on Sunday, tonyd, 
whoted not beaten Beckerm 


Becker, whose rifijUln®hlMto 
be st r a pped up m the third set 
because of a musde injury, won 

k^mronn rallied from a lv 

WALES BSCUAPi Mjm*« g^i* 

D «*-_ PC# 





WSli' Sgg'sss 


hutish uohs wH 

W alMtI W 
Eng bn® J 
Scotland), A4 

jWbttt eota 


Son and 


Am (Hatoolns and Scot- 



■Bi and 


rhamp ioll. . . 

defidtinfoefirstsettowm ma 

lie-breaker. Bat the only game 
he could capture in tire recorm 
set was a service break. Jarryd 
won eight Straight 

route to taking foe third set 6-1. 

Bedaer lost firetrserve effective- 
ness because of foe injury thao 

left fans unaWe to land correctly 
cm his right foot dunng his 
follow through. After it was 


It was JanytTS second final 
this year. Two weeks ago m 
Rotterdam; Hbflaud, he M to 
r^nptr yman, Joakim Nystrom, 

^The Becker has 

been advisid not to &S forat 
least 10 days. His next sched- 
uled Grand. Prix tournament ts 
a* for the week; of April 20 in 
Moute Carlo. _ „ 

• HELTON HEAD - Steffi 
Guff of West Germany, beat 
Chris Lfcgd, of the United 
States, 64,7-5 on Sunday to win 
the Family Grcfe magazine cup 
anddaim her first professional 
l^wrnnuit 'virtnrv. 

•' ~ -«S' 



1 gssgS 

m.«idaSllnittdk AAIMWni»(MajKhwMr 

Undecfl. S 

SOMemooQ.'A MdaU 

Late goal 






Houston Aatr oi 7; 

San f=TTOM3oO ra »% 

Ondnat Nadat 

| Y0* Yanfcaas 3. Wiwrtra unaware] 

E£*iSSBL**m t. 

ESrtra rSSTk’ 1 

Unitad). R Adkra (CeMc). 
naan (Liverpool), G Sow®?** 

^^SSSSBZSSAS 15*- Who poUed 80 per 

Ito^ranicSdort cent of the votes cast by foe ^^,^*8,0001). o swum 
(Nawa^urw^w writere’ Association. S35r u«w». c WrtaiM_(Araa 

By a Correspondent 
The first weekend of the 

sox ra S*SSSJ^S^Sm atSSmS 

CaWomta AngaU?- 



RCS SiSrsBSiSfftL 4 ^ 

AssodaScn 8; Old PwtontaB* A 





L a ly ni orl a na 

U rated), C Owfc* (Boumemoutti). 

Camptoofl (Notungiwm FwnsO- 

Other football page 36 

Football Writere’ Association, 
pushing Peter Shilton of 
Southampton, and the New- 
castle striker Peter Beardsley 

Ctwsttr United). L „ ^ , 

SuSof (TSi N BU ii utawlah totfv 

' s iSs*£s^iE!sii■*• CU * 5Q * 

Alexandra Peril 3, Marian 1. 


' Mr 
Bo r 
A nr 
A 5-. 
of i 

Cup semi-final victory against 
Sheffield Wednesday because of 

SatnrfaY April 19 mlesB- 







1 Birmrahm v SUumpton 
1 Chsi3ea v Newcastle 
Z Coventry v lxKjn 

1 Everton v ipsmra 
X Man C v Nctno F 

X Tottenham v Man U 

2 Watford v west Hat" 

Not on coupons: StiomeW 
WOd-Tesday v Aston vaa: 
WBA v Liverpool. 

2 Blackpool v We fcaS .... 

X Eounranth v Doncaster 

X Cantf vBrt ralR, . 

X CnesMrlM v Brwnferd 
1 Dartngion v Raamng 
1 Darpy v Bolton 

1 Notts Co • Newport 

2 Wig®i v Piymoutn 
1 YorfcvU ncohi 

Not on coopooK Brtetci 
C<ty v Swansea; Bwy v 
Rwrwnam; Gukngham * 



X Bartong v Wokingham 
X809X3TV Windsor 
1 Sutton U * WtcWn 
lYeoviv DuMcti 

a groin injury. 

Watford, meanwhile, are not 
without problems and could be 
without six injured first-ream 


1 CflWc V HSomiOT 

2 QydBhaiA v OradM U 

1 Dundee vMothwwel 
1 Hearts vAOerdera 
X Si Mkren v Rangers 

John 1 


5ECOW5 onnstoN 

X Blaektw* v U 
1 Cartl-^o ■< rblhvn 
1 C PW.-a v LMdi 
1 v Brighton 


1 MiltWB* « Bradford 
1 Nowtah v Stove 
t Oldham v M-ddiosIno 
1 Portsmouth v Granshy 
X Stvewsbry v VAmolecJon 
1 Sundenndv Barnsley 

2 Camh U v Crewe 

1 Eteier* Btimiey 

X MinsMd v Swindon 

2 Onera v Chesrer 

1 Pan Vale » Puiertooro 
1 Wrexham v Torquay 
Nat on coupons: AWer- 
ihot v Stockport Cd- 
chaster v Preston [F riday): 
Hahtax v Nortna meson 
(Friday): ScufimoTO » 
Rochdale (Fndayr SouSh- 
erd v Hereford (Fndayl; 
Tranmere v Hartlepool 

X Airdne*Ayr 
1 OydevABoa 
1 East Fita v Montrose 
1 FaOdrir v Bredan 
1 Forfar v Parpck 
1 Hamaion v Morton 
X Kamjmock v Dmtytn 

2 Arbroath v Q of Sth 

1 Dunfermline v E Swing 
' Berwick 

1 Meadowbank v 
1 Queen s Pk v Cowdnbm 
1 S* Johnane v Albion 
1 Surfing vRadh 
Not on coupons: 
Stranraer v 



Chaster City. Tottenham. Sfackbum. 
Shrewsbury. BoumemoLrth. 
Cheswrf«ld. Barking. Bognor. Si Mirren. 
Airdna. Wknamock. . _ ... _ 

BEST DRAWS: Manchestw Ctty. Totten- 
ham. Blackburn. Chesierfield. 

AWAV&^uton, Walsall. Plymouth. Ches- 
ler. Ditodee United. 

K0Qfle ^r?r , ^ Ca cs^ H ?S^iSS^ 

rum. Portsmouth. Derby, run vaw. 
Wrexham, Sutton. YeovH. Falkirk, 


Lyall the West Ham 
manager, expects tonight’s 
match against Chelsea at Upton 
Park to “be like a cup fre 
despite his side’s recent jwj 
victory at Stamford Bridge- 
Lyall said: “ With the two sides 
still very much in with a chance 
of the championriiip both 
should be going all out to 
West Ham are currently fifth 
position, one point behind t net- 
sea. but with two games in nano, 
and seven points behind the 
leaders. Liverpool and Everton. 
but with games in hand over 

both. . , 

Kerry Dixon has recovered 
from a groin strain and ^fi- 
nitely, plays for Cheisca- Bui 
Speedie, his partner in attack, is 
suspended. To add to Chelsea s 
problems Ncvin faces a fitness 
test today after sust ainin g 

battling for 
a final place 

FOED OODS: Homwc Evarton. Norwfcft. 
Portsmouth. Gffltogham. Port V afo. 
Airayx Aston \flta. UvorpooL Du™J« 
UnMd. Draws: Manchester City. Black- 
burn. Chesterfield. 

thigh injury at Not tin g h a m For- 

est on Saturday. 

MUhrall have added defender 
Paul Hinshelwood to their 
squad for their match against 
Chariton at Sethursl Park. 

Two international forwards, 
Billy Hamilton and Jeremy 
Charles, are vying for the ngM 
to lead Oxford United’s attack 
against Queen’s F*rk RMgerem 
the Milk Cup final next Sur^ 
The choice between the N< 
era Irishman and the Welshman 
will be the mam selection 
decision facing Maurice Evans, 
the Oxford manager, as ne 
ponders his Wembley line-up 
this week. 

Hamilton, who still hopes to 
BO to foe World Cup finals with 
Northern Ireland, has only 
emerged as a contender m the 
last few days. He sp ent s even 
months recovering . from me 
latest of three operations on tus 
troublesome left knee and made 
his comeback - in place of the 
injured Charles — m 
Wednesday's 1-1 draw with 
Watford but was far less impres- 
sive in the 70 minutes he played 
before being substituted by 
Charies at West Ham on 
Satu rdav- 

Heineken Championship, qimr- 
ter- final play-ora went largely 
according to form with all 
borne teams successful- 
The closest game was at 
Dundee where Nottingham™*’ 
titers — thanks to J amie Crap- 

who scored all their goals — 

1 Dundee Rockets to a 4-3 

decision. Roch Bois scored force 

for the Rockets, with Ronnie 
Wood scoring the winning goa 1 
55 seconds from foe end. 

Some harsh penalties m tire 
first period made things difficult 
for Durham Wasps against Fife 
Flyers, who were given impetus 
by the resultant power-play 
coals. They had a spell of three 
m 49 seconds and MM earty 

in the third. Paul TJk)? fed a 
Durham revival and the final a- 
5 scoreline was a more acc urate 
reflection of the relative merits 
of the teams. , . 

Paul Smith, recovered from a 
broken leg, returned to tire 
Durham team on Sunday ana 
took up his goal-scoring where 
he had left off. He scored three 
in a 1 2-3 rout of Ayr Bruins. The 
Bruins obviously f ound tne 
whole thing very frustrating and 
ran up 76 mi mites in 

Morrayfleld Racers also 
reached double figures against 
Nottingham Panther s- _ 

Bwotoraiv Bribcb ffotroton. 


1, N EriM fUSSRL 
r— mU t i ukc 1. A 



ip-1, i-g.s-5.s a. , 





52.12MC. -»»■, 

R J LOriWt 15-10. tz-a. 12-2- 


5 ^ .^ iBSi!SSSSSSSSSBi 


■b T jsasf 

ScoUbkL 2JJ33; Z RAF. 1^33: _3. WPtot. 

rssossS* ijms: nwt u/Hi 


1— >1 II »l'l>IMjlll INI 

jsalay. ^ 


styla "*sjr- 1. 

ISaSfi^ia MBgfe 

saHlsag gBiiL" 

EnfiSralffiaa »*Xio£i 

MdkF 1. DanWmran. A57m «J8 b 
fcras fil s "toy 1 . NMb wfangi. a^T. 
*t2D0m lui i W "toy: 1. N rtMrtaotti. 

•a* ■ mwuaftUj 

itiuft. 8MtoK'l. USSR. 831 pto: 2, 

| MaBwrtgS^I^WUfa. 1 ^- ■' 1 



bury 18 . 




SW3. Ttt ~ . 

wort, ear w 

rv Moon. Sr Mra wwrrr. 


dee Roctets A N — 

File Rys* A 

Wasps 12. AwBn*w iMurra^d 
Races 11. Nofin^nm rtnBwrs 3- Ftoit | 
Glasgow Dynamos 11, 
i B: Bournemg® 
18. SoflhJ Baro m tl- .Himi 
m*r- Mctonond ftf*S 1. U» i 
VaHoy Lions 7. 

rTintTmi i^STsf IW. Mon - 

Frt IO ■ WO. - . 

Racing results from yesterday’s three meetings 


Going: Heavy 

Jones. 4-lt 2. 


Zoom Klti). 8 Mas Mariora (590, 
pipers Eue*ptise (6Ehl S ran. S l.21.^1 . 
2MTiSI. R Hannan ai Mansoroiflai. TW»j 
£8 90: £3.00. EL80. DF: £27.10. CSF- 

4.15 {50 1 . CORRALS JOYIB Bouse. £ 

1 fgv); 2. Karaddor (M Mh 7-a .3. 
Cresta Leap iS Gautnen, 6- 1). ALSO RAl* 
7-2 Turrwway (5WI. 8 Astarw (4ft). 14 
□tvlne FHng, 16 Bows ShuiiM Son^ 

“ raa 11. 2. U 5L a J Wlnar « 

NewmarkBiTote: £3.40: El 80. £1-10, 
n .10. DF: £820. CSF; £11 JJ8. 

Ptecopot E11J0 


Californian LhiIc 25Lof^ BoWvMGoW 
Ffoor. Naim. Casbar lOd. 

SSrtl 1^1 NR: C&saton- i’J'AS-i 

KB Stovraa o» To?K *3-1? 

£Z4b,"iri.i0. £2.70. DF: £550. CSF: 

mM TflS^ST. 0,307. No bid. 

2.4511m 41) 1. HCLTP ORT VICTORY (M 
uutotBun i-it 2. J a nos (B Room. 


2J0 (5.1 1. ASTON LASS |A ' Proud. »■ 
ii S AW-Bua (R Cochrane. H-0 
I W Recovery fP Ffobmson, 5-1 1. ALSO 
RAN 5 Deccan Prince 45m|, U-2 Ritccrd 
Fbgtfi. 8 Sraren BrraK («")■ 
bS*. 20 Skraggs Pfos Two (fieft B ran. 
nr: Mark SoacuV IW, 2I.1 LS.BlL 

4.0 (I m If) 1. BEUCE IN Howe. 25- It 2. 
Secret Wedding (W C^son. 6-l|. 3. 
FMK Faby (VV Ryan. M tavfc ALSO 
BAN: d Straw Boater. 7 Trarawrairace. 
10 Fair Atlanta (*tiK 12 Damascus Dew. 
IS Cnnson Robes. 20 Armour O* L«m 
(Svtij, H%gtiest Note. Miss Am Pans « 
Parts. Vatrona. 25 Tsko AWW 
Celtic Dove. JanenO. »*ss Batri. SaVcw 
mean. 1 8 ran. NR: Hot Momma. SI. 4.U a. 
nt 51. S MflUcr at Lambcurato I fflw? 
a place dnnttend pa»c on BeUce. races: 
Sacrat WfoCtsng. £450: 

£3.10. DF Iwmrtsf cr second wm any 
Other): £1 80. CSF: £171.49. 

430 llmj 1. CRESTA MBnON G 
carter. 94). 0. Fleei FwmjJ ^ 

Pfoelrt* tG Siarkay. 4-7 fav). ALSO 
33 Song An 1 Dance Man. Geregtof Again 
MU. 5 ran. NR: BofoBorderar_g A.M. 
ai. G PntsfianWSordon at Newra™«- 
Tote: £4 00; £2-00. £2.00. DF: £750. CSF: 


SShd. at'aM Udiar atl ijnHwvn-JjW 
*■3^0: £2.40. £1-60, EZQtL DF: £350. 
CSF: E13-S7. 




3.43 (1m 7f 1KW 

(Paul Eddery. 8-1): £ ' S 

BoLoe.A-1):3. LoveWsftsotod 
94 lav). AL30 RAW: "-2 
fa-nus WOT. 9 Chffltlield. Jenny . . 

g^fp'an cw»- Jl-lSfSSS S 

3J}(1nr)1, FIC VIC <C Rutter. B-1): 2. Ori 
A Cntwr KetaWfoy. 10-1): 3. ,S«*® 
km ruy Hayes. 'IW ALSO RAN: 2 fov 

Sweet Explanation. 16 Anotner 

nScode. 2 

ran. II. 1L ^ 


£726.12. Bought in tor 2.500 gutneas. 

3JM fflm 4t Mto) 1. I MraU lle jf 
Tuck. 7-1); 2. Secra Rrale (R 
15-1) 3, Sliagayle IM Brennan. 7-1L M»e 
OwilmlS ran. NR: WWy Manor. 

ffi 7 ” M W Basmftfc Wm 

£260. £220, EZ-90 DF: £2^50. CSF. 

£42.09. Tncast £241 £3. 

a» pin 50 yd CM t. fonamy (Q 
Bradfoy. S-1V Z ftra? 

3^ Hand Ov» (9-4 |M*ri.8 
RatKBOiV TOW: £840: £130. £130. 
£1.10. DF: £3.00. CSF: £24^9. ___ . 

*20 On 100 yd di) 1. Oram WBraidi 

? SkraSry §U t ^l T r an- ^ 

CambL 201. IK. J Edwaf^To»K-6a 
£2.30. E4 40. OF: £3140. CSF: £34.44. 

4^5pm hdle) i. AiradtotOHartoO*; 
tkZOuai^ Prfoe»(33-1):3. W®nJ20-S 

;:«*•*(»» ^; 1 Li sd * r ,7is5 V T^ 

ran. NR: Rattm* S)*e. 

STmlorwomoT « wHm- 

Tncast S8.080.46 

Placepct 74240 

mocr a mu) ltd ai raw 


*w2mt MMJioi rairai. 

B 11 * C lem Brnra to#® 

and i rai wlaw. ye" Aprs 
2B«» saradew 9JO-. 


Final scores from 
the US Masters 

17 King Sl SI James’* 

[btoTOI OtfWt 

jfirieiu(Ti.A0toodtei8a. 18 Naitve Ruler. » 
Lucky Sanaa (6th). 33 wimay (Stn). 

- - Even Banker. Taw Cros^rg. 

130 (1m 40 1. SCR^S, 
1): Z. MMer J 8_Tete IS 






Louis© 11 ran. iL M. 15** ?• 

&1STSTn , 7i , SSWnM E 

CSF: £40-98. Trtast ESI ^8 

Nlcnote. i|- 


Km 15 ran. NR: Mexkan Mil 41. 3. 

Eaolfc Even Banker, law 
TftUfS Best Tfie Manor. 14 ran NR-Pcw 
Mb « vj X A. 5). R NidfoUs at 

DF: E&2Q. CSF. £11.75. Tncast £24.77. 
ptacepot E3&4S. 


Gokn: oood to soft 



nd. 31. W. caotJimson 

CSF. £10827. Tncast £316 SO- 

£4-30. DP-- £20^ 

CSF: £20 43. 

• Peter Corrigan, the Irish bom 
conditional jockey, has been 
dismissed by Petw Haynes, foe 
trainer, and will not be able to 
ride al FontweU Park today- A 
spokeswoman for the Chicn- 
ester trainer said: “I can t say he 
left us, because in fact he was 
sacked. He has been given 
plenty of warnings for turning 
op late for work and the final 
incident occurred on Sunday, 
when he was dismissed. 

Under Jockey Club rules, a 
conditional jockey’s licence can 
be suspended if t he tra iner 
concerned ends tire ^reement 

with tire rider. 

US unless sbHd 
m JNlckfaus. 74.71. 68.85 
28a G Norman (Aus), 70. 72. 68. 70; * 
Kite. 7a 74, 68. 88 _ _ 

281: S Btotestarra Bpj. 7V 68. 72. 70 



28 5- D Hammond. 73. 71. 67. 74; S Lto 
jp, 76.70. 68. 71 : C PMfo.7S.7Lfe 
70; M StoCunoar. 76k 67,71, 71, C Pawn 

Skabww 0*3). 74,6a 69, 75: G 

oanTn. rz b < ojtofg;. 7 J ii ” 

74, 70; D Barr (Can), 70.77 71, 6ftL Un 
<KTf S£. 7i n. 69. 72: C SWnga 

2Wt 7 R SttWa, 71, 78, 69, 73; T C CNr 

29ftD EdwaidS.71.7 1.72, 7 
(Aus). 7& 7i 74 ; 68: j __ 

Si: B LfotZM. 7a 

70. 73 .73; F C0upV». 72. 77. 70, 72; L 
WaJdns. 71 71, 73.68 _ 

BAnya A afi'78. 

Pootey.77. 72. 73. 72 

298: K Gram. 74. 

298' J Thorpe. 74. 74. 73, 77: P Bladanar. _ _ _ 

299: L Trawno, 7fi.73j73.77 
301: ti O'Meara. 74. 73. 81, 73 

* denotes amateur 


and mt» ectomra' W wn^itol 
Derby. untB Aid 07. 

Fiw- - 

Mir un c sj ttwe. 4i. gnt 
orwi oi ass E&44 war 

Sw" H ^S, - 2S2*!KF 0,B? "' 

Mon-Fri.tO«_ fra »»£. 

icini - fi«n Adm «■ 

tomow aw* «* gSf.Sf 
colontal Art UHtg Agrti I9tn- 

Deftn. S. la ra— i ***», 

10-B-60. SUM. 

os sat •• . . _ 


- An rtWbtiWf 


ItKfe. umb is 
at SO.- SJO 
.1 - &30. 
r^Nccraniv ot 
ray HM me. 

t£2-6a El.TOcXJB 

bu-OI 7« 9999. 

M»m wo«a 


Comm Town M Wj . 

LUTC "UWKII (lit. ot" i* 

. IJ2S. &03. 610- 8.40, T" 

I UK MU. 436 3340. 

Kurosawa's O raybrira 
MR U6). PrtOS 4^tL 1 AO. 

■PhB daisy at us 4JL ora 

nates of Rani ' 

936 377 2. ni KV RMITWR. 


7.06. 9.10. aa utiu to 

■REZHNKV HR. Z.45. 8jD0l 

7XW. 9Q0.araa lam i wt ii p . 







AlMM WI 439 4800. FTTH 

Cad aoHr 7 Day OC 240 7200 

(Bki FMI Kurarawa'a MM an. 

Sw Per" 4«H» at 2.1S. 6.16. * 


727 4O0S Bawdy inn- l 

. nn. 

2. 16. 6.10. 846. U NfaM FW ft 

Sat 11.16. Atfvan cm BMkU. 

'-«***»• M* 

.>86 EMdnMvc P iimuft - 

non or Francesco R ml'i rum of 

Bran opara CARMEM (KR. 

FBm al 1-20. 4-30. 7.48. UC 

part. teaa/Vte 


499 S737 F» CaB 24HT 7 nw 

cc 240 7200 (Ska Pert Maaolr 

SraBh. Dennolin Eaton. JraB 
Pencta In A MOM WI«M A 

« UFU) rum at 1.30 in ot 

Son) SO 6 040 SMS 

bkBktf at EA.SO In advance Mr 

8 40 p«rf natty ft ft. to on S« ft 

R /8S9 1789 <24 

lea _ Hootongg^ 

_ - no 

Sap prana Tots** ms-iss. 3.30. 
6-ia 860. All Proos Bookraw 
n Advance. 

• •1*4 
' c 3i 

- - #79 3014 

836 0691 81 Mortal's Lana. 

WC2 aooesur So tuba*, we. 
In Hart to KtSS V M 

smai woauSas). F8^ 

» zs. us. 6.10. 640. Lie Bar. 


' 1 to* 

SSjira , iramerV 

HONODRriS) daily 1 ^ 0 . A06 
430. 9.00. 

”” wren ff33 

2011) UMLeri KOMOS 
(1BL Sop pim Doora open To- 
OW1A6 X36. 606 616. 
RnktCPd prtcrafor unMr IPX 
Wuricnt card bddera. UB40 
haWara. OAPy. 


SM OltlJinro 930 4280 / 

44w ynmitnBVBCPG). st» 

woo* Doon Cp*n Ortbr 1.16 

4A6 7JSB. All progs D SB ka W 
to Advance. Access sad Visa 
tom berafnu nwkraw. Ored- 
« Hat Lira 839 1929. 24 hoar 
aerator. £6ao seats avarame . 


47381 too a u i um e u e B in 
S*P topee Today a.16 600. 
3 40. ab sera boowaw to ad- 
yann. Access nd visa 
ttoetorane toolam walcotnc. 


■ = 

*ggpi_g T Tito Eix cnwe 329 

mm. nurmiKMuas cisx. 

«“ator ler AMta. 3.00. 

’ ■to* 

nwM<w rmhotimi area 

S* M*- Vtow 7 QBBn. 

®«r OF MrtiKJL nai. mm 

lOq 4.ia 7.45. TKI 
•tototo for arantng pert. 

“■* ‘ “ 

. .jfg£si£& ' 


***&*•&. SSFtajonri 

Took dips into the 

s television and radio programmes 




U f • » ■!» « j ■nfrr ifajiiy 


i V .il ' ; 

r ^ v TTY j.1. 

«%.y ■' wiLV’^gi^K 



6.40pm), Cyrfl Gates's 
do cument ar y, co nfirms what 
is already abundantly dean mat 
Taylor is a wizard with tee 
snooker cue, and a most 
engaging fefiow to booLHe 
says no would Bfca to be 
remembered as the man who 
put foe smfe back into snooker, 
and he wffl probably get his 
wisrt He certainty knows how to 
eraHa at jokes that might have 
other and less fofcvsfanned 
Irishman getting afl hot under 
the cokar ftherrs the one about 
the irishman who went to the 
Motor Show and spent three 
days looking around the car 
park). He is one of those 
celebrated CethoEc 
Ulstermen who have thrown a 
bridge across the sectarian 

divide. For every banner 
proclaiming "Ulster says 
No", there Is a was graffito that 


"Voices in the prospect of 
“Dennis for President" As 
Taylor is worid snooker 
champion, not merely a world- 
class player, I would nave 
liked to have known something 
about the particular 

techniques that took Mm to the 
top, or the snookerish 
phitosophy that hides behind 
those improbable spectacles. 
Gates largely ignores these 
elements m the Taylor 
personalty. What we get Is 
Dennis Taylor family man, 
who just happens to play 
snooker for a living 

•Like Dennis Tayfor. THE 
GLORY (TTV.1 0.30pm)shoutd 
appeal to those of us who are not 
a dfflcted to sport as sport but 
as a reflection of personality Jtet 

one worid champion this' 
time, though, but eleven because 
this is a film about the English 
squad that won the 1966 World 
Cup. it was enterprising of 
TVS to detail the subsequent 
fortunes of the men who wbtb 
once household names. 

(Radio 4, 7.20pm)is about a 
musical phenomanon.the 
Lester Lanin orchestra that is 
sheer heaven for the high 
society set and sheer Hen for the 
musical inteflrgentsia,The 
only way the band can cope with 
popular demand is to 
produce clones of itself. Hiked 
Jean Snedegafs 
feature, though I soon found 
myself tiring of what one 
American critic rightly calfe the 
constant boorr-cMk, boom- 
c/afcof the Lanin sound. 

Peter DavaUe. 




I .' 1 kr , .'L 


Radio 4 


i \ ni tiiLTLiSTI 

P. I ; 


1 1 1 i 

Hq+Wp t ; y i V * « 

i v ' TlVh i KSK 

House who organise' a 
tottery to see who wffi win 
the hand of the heiress, 
Lady Atyce. Directed by 
George Stevens. 

5.15 News summary with 

Cartoon Tine 4AS 
Splash. A series in which 
young viewers choose the 

5L15 Co nn ectio n s . Sue Bobbie 
presents another round of 
the quiz game for 

5.45 News&JX) Thanes news. 
6JS Repoffing London. There 
are items on car steafing 
and armchair shopping. 

. . Wteon and Lindsay 


7JKH E mm e rcl ele r a mi . Joe - 
Sugden tries to outsmart 
AlanTumer but Mrs Bates 
has otoer Ideas. 

7.30 Duty Free. A repeat of an 
episode tom the comedy 
series abouttwo British 
couples on a Spanish 
- bofiday. - 

BlOO Magnum. The Kawai- 
based private detective 
faces a dHfioutt dOemma 
sunrourxfing e suspected 

9M The Fourth Rooc. Part two 

520 40 MB aitea. Fift y Years 
On. The BAFTA Award 
Wfoning programme about 
four couples who join 40 
other couples celebrating 
thetr golden waddfog in 
Bournemouth, (rt 
500 YorngMustotenoffoe 
Year. The Plano Semi-final 
introduced ter Humphrey 
Burton from tee Concert 
Hafl of the Royal Northern 
College of Music, 
Manchester. Seven 
pianists compete for five 
places in next week's final. 

The judges are Jan 

Goidstone, Nina MskJna 
and Frank VWbaut 
540 Dennis Tayfor. A 
. documentary about the fife 
aid career of tee world 
snooker champion, (see 

7.30 ODonnefl Investigates 
the Food Bufawss. Dr 
Michael O'Donnefl 
examines the reasons why 
fresh fish is largely 
ignored by consumers. 

500 Hatty Goes TouTyneside 
where among those he 
meets are Jackie Charflon 
and Catherine Cookson. 

£30 ?op Gear. VVSfeim - 
. . WooSardtestdrives tee 
new Sierra Cosworth. and 
the Peugeot 205 and the 
Vauxhafl Belmont are also 
put terouih tear paces. 
Chris Goftey reports from 
The Netherlands 

aid that tels the 
when he has taken a 


’ Joanne Mfoodwaid, Salty 
.FieW and Brad Davies. 

' Part one of a two part 
rframa, based on tee newel 


557 Wpsther; ravel 
500 News 

505 Tuesday Can 01-580 
4411. An opportunity for 
Bstener* to question experts 
about the British 

1000 News; From our own 
Correspondent Life and 
gawes abroad, reported by 


1530 Morning Story. The Man 
BettndMr Gorbachov's 
Chair by Jean McKenzie. 
Reed by Judith Barker 
1545 DaVy Service (New Every 


Minute Theatre; The 
Trm by Phflomen8 UfyatL 
Wm James Gartxm. 

Shaun Predergast and 
Kathleen Hebna. Drama 

orchestra are so poputer 
with American society 

500 Medidne Now. Geoff 
Watts on the hearth of 
medical care. 

530 The Tuesday Feature; 

Wien China’s Columbus 
Discovered tee West Julian 

15te century Chinese naval 
expeditions, fed by chief 
admiral Zheng He. which 
charted tea Indian Ocean 
and many of its bordering 
countries long before the 

500 In Touch. For people wtte 
a visual handicap. 

530 MoreWrestowtean 
Dancing. David Moreau 
recoBects attempts to come 
fogrips with Sfe: Alpine 

Tfrf 1 ' 


and Kenneth 

1500 Newest Ten and weather 
folowed by Thames news 

1530 The Boyeof -65 A profile 
of England's Worid 
FooteaH Cup-winning 
.teem, twenty veare on. 

12J» Bortnteo* a Legend. Ns3 
Sedate (r) 

1225 Iffgbt Thoughts. 

about a young gH who has 
16 dfifarent personalities 
- and tea efforts over an 11 
year period of her 
psychiatrist to discover foe 
girfs real persona. • 
Directed by Dania) Petrie. 

* _ (Part two tomorrow n^U) 

1025 wnacae of Home. A 
-• preview of the new series, 
Harmat.which begins 
Saturday on this 

1545 NewsM^t 1125 Weather. 

11*40 teen Uni ver si t y: Let 
There Be Music, axis at 
■ 1210 

Lancaster, John Gielgud, 
Denholm Efiott and 

i l aa i 

Hu. Oil' _/>. I -Ti ,» imM 

po&ca officer Charles 
Cook. Weather. 

500 Brookside. Sheila attest 
dfecovers teat Ahm has 
other plans for her when 
he fries to persuade her to 
attend a residential 
course. Bobby returns to 
find Sheila trying to get rid 
of the amorous Alun. 

530 4 What It's Worth, 
p re sented by Penny 
■ • Junor. John Stoneborough 
meets a Cockney conman 
behind a string of non- 
existent ma&order 
businesses; Bill Breckon 
examines the safety factor 
of chadren’s adventure 
hoGdays; and David 
Stafford discovers foe 
best buys in car tyres. 

500 FBm: Because You're 
l*ne( 1952) starring Mario 
Lanza and Doretta 
Momwv. A musical 
romance about an opera 
star conscripted Into tee 
army who fans for tee 
sister of his opera-loving 
sergeant Directed by 
Alexander HaB. 

1055 Wafidng to New Orleans. 
Tube presenter Joots 
Hofland with a musical 

Kaiedoscope. With Paul 
ABen Jnctudes comment 
on if Not Now. When, by 
Primo Levi; and New Ait. 
New Worid. at the Jack 
Barclay Showroom 
A Book at Bedtime: The 
Baffle of Potock’s 

1530 The Worid Ti 

1120 Today In Parfiamenf 
1220 News; Weafoer 1223 

VKF (avaflabie In England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except 5255000m Weather; 
Travel 125220pm 
Listening Comer 550-525 
PM (continued) 11.30- 
1210 Open University 1120 
Open Forum: Students' 
Magazine 1120 Democracy In 
Theory and Practice 

Radio 3 

555 Weather. 720 News 
725 Morning Concert Puroefl 
pncWerrtHl music 
Abde&zar), Britten (Young 
ApoBo. Op 16: Peter 
Donohoe^jianq), Handel 
(Concerto in B flat Op 4 
No 5 Pstrixecorder), Bridge 
(Suita for String 


Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

of recorded music. 

Radio 2 

On meeflum wave. For VHF, see 

News on the hour. Head&nes et 
520etn, B20Btn, 720 and 535 
Cnsket Fifth Test West Indies 
v England from St Johns, 

Anftcua. Updating reports at 

12^^222, 3-02, 422, 525, 5052, 

545 (mf only), 502, 502, 555, 
1122 . 

420am Cofin Berry (s) 520 Bay 
Moore fs) 720 Derek Jameson (s) 
530 Ken Bruce 1120 Jimmy 
Young With Nell Kirmock MP. Ptus 
medical questions answered by 
Dr Bin Dolman. 125pm David 
Jacobs (s) 500 Giona 
HunmfonJ with special guest Julian 
Lennon, who talks about his 
music and memories -including 
racing from Newmarket as 
follows:- 3.05 £24.000 Nell Gwyn 
Stakes 320 David Hamrtton (si 
-525 John Dunn |s) 720 Bob 
Holness presents - (s) 555 
Sports Desk 10.00 The Law Game 
with Shaw Taylor, Mark Curry. 

Tom Arthur and Chris Sarto who 
give their verdicts on some 
tricky togai cases. 1020 Deafing 
with Daniels with Paid Daniels, 
Patrick Moora, Fern Britton and 
Tim Brook Taylor. A sort of 
radio card game, ptoyed for toughs. 
1120 Brian MaffliBw p res ent s 
Round Midnight (stereo from 
midnight) 1.00am Charles Nova 
presents Nightride (si 320-420 A 
Little Night Music (s) 

Radio 1 

On medium wavs except for 

VHF variations 

News on the half hour from 

6.30am until 530pm and at 12.00 


6.00am Adrian John 720 Mike 
Read 530 Simon Bates 1220pm 
Newsbeai (Frank Partridge) 

12.45 Gary Davies (this week's Top 
40) 3.00 Steve Wright 520 
Newsbeat (Frank Partridge) 545 
Bruno Brooks, including at 

620. Top 40 singles chart 720 
Janice Long 1020-1500 John 
Peel (S). VHF Radios 1 end 2: 
4.00am As Radio 2 mOOpm As 
Radio 1 1220-4. 00am As Rafflo 2. 


Wla 530420 Corntiy Praace 500 
Calendar 535-7.00 Crossroads 
1220 Beonriors Qukw to Aosoluto Be- 
9"n«s 1230am Closedown. 


1025 Cartoon 1535 VWdHoritage 
1120 SponBkjr 1120-1120 Cartoon 
120pm Lmdiuna 120-220 Hart to 
Han 320420 Horses lor Courses 620 
Good Evenstg Ulster 525 Ehery 
Patna 525-7.00 Crossroads 820-500 
Falcon Crasi 1220 News. 

Clo se down 

Straai 1525 Canoon 1540 CaHomia 
Highways 1125-1120 F abulous Funnies 
1220pm-120 Gardons lor AH 120 
News 120-230 The Baron 515-545 
Ernmetdaie Farm S20 About Angha 
825 Crossroads 720-720 Moutrarap 
1220 Comedy Tongtn 1220am 
Tuesday Tope. Closedown. 

SCOTTISH a® London «*- 

-- 1 1 W” oept 5254m Sesame 
Street 1525 Adventures ol jeranw 
1025 Mr T 1120-1 120 Snuggle Beneath 
me Sea 1230pm-120 Gardanng 
Time 120 News 120-220 Fifty. Fifty 
320420 Sons and Daughters 620 
News and Scotland Today 820 Party Fo- 
Rbcal Broadcast 625 Crossroads 
720-720TaX61he Htti Road 620420 
Murder. 5he Wrote 1220 Lata CM. 

TYNE TEES As London ex- 

lcco cape 92Smn News 
920 Sasenu Sneer 1020 Nature of 
Things 1120-1120 Canoon 120pm 
News 126 Looksinmd 120 Scare- 
crow and Mrs King 225-220 Home 
Cookary 620 Northern Life 625-720 
Crossroeas 820920 Hotel 1220 Jands 
. Harvey, Closedown. 



of 1 
his 2 






























wa. 1 








Celebration is 

soured by tour 

By David k ^ n noi o gfljng „ 

The International Rugby cstabi'she^ pracncc 






























LUV * ■ 

Football Board had a paper on 
amateurism during the first lull 
dav of their centenary congress 
yesterday, ai the same time they 
mav wdl have pondered the 
implications of the unofficial 
tour to South Africa by a New 
Zealand party, plus one Ameri- 
can - which was continued by 
Colin Meads, coach to the 
party, over the weekend. 

h is an embarrassing ironv 
that the delegate from » 
countries now gathered for ^Ihe 
congress at Heydirop Park in 
Oxfordshire inctude Ccs 
Blazev. retiring chairman of the 
New 'Zealand Rugby Council, 
and Dr Danic Craven. ^ presi- 
dent of the South African 
Rugby Board, both of whom 
savthev know nothing of the 
to'ur. Moreover the delegate 
will all assemble in Cardiff 
tomorrow to watch a match in 
Which several of the 
rants are presumed to w 
leaving for South .Africa after 
this week- 

The risit of the New Zealand 
panv which is. substantially, 
the sune as that picked tor Iasi 
year’s aborted official tour, can 
be taken in several ways: as 
defiance bv New Zealand rugbv 
men who believe their coimn 
foiled to prepay for a legal 
injunction which forced last 
war's tour cancellation; defi- 
ance at the pusillanimity oT 
various countries in failing to 
maintain relationships with 
South Africa; the private ambi- 
tion of a large group of leading 
ntayers who. at the point oi 
retirement, wish to test them- 
selves against the Springboks 
amid suspicion that induce- 
ments of an unacceptable na- 
ture in an amateur game have 
been .made available to them. 

Mr Blazey. reacting to initial 
reports that groups of p|ay^s 
had left Wellington and Christ- 
church. apparently en route for 
South Africa, said: **I pen»™f- 
ly and the New Zealand Rugby 
Union know nothing about it- 
We did give permission tor 
seven named players to accept 
invitations offered by the 
Transvaal and the Natal 
Unions, but if these reports are 
true then it is contrary to wett- 

csiaoiisncv t . . 

member unions of the boa™ 
Sid. as far as 1 am aware, would 
be the first time that a union 
had not gone through the 
correct procedure. 

•If these players have gone to 
cnuth Africa without our per- 
son that would be com- 
pletely unaccepiableto the New 
Zealand council. The conse- 
quences would 

determined by a m«Ung£lbe 

council, half of whom are m 
Britain and the other half in 
New Zealand.” 

An obvious course open to 
the council would be the 
suspension of all concerned, 
including the 

team of Meads and lan Kirfc- 
na trick, another disunquished 
former AU Black. Meads was 
recently appointed an All 
Riicks selector and he is an 
official of the NZRU. which 
makes the situation even more 
embarrassing. Whether an et- 
ception could be made of the 
seven players who received 
permission to go. as part ot a 
presumed intemauonal parly, 
is open to doubt 
Suspension cn tnassc. how- 
ever. would have critical play- 
ing consequences for New 
Zealand. Brian Lochore who 
is also here to coach the 
overseas teams in this week s 
centenary matches, has to 
prepare a team to play France 
in June, followed by a three- 
match series against Australia 
in Auaust-September. In foe 

autumn the All Blacks visa 
France for a two-match senes 
and there is of course the 
world cup next year to bear in 

South Africa. 

The New Zealand authori- 
ties know they have to take 
punitive action (and will not 
need other delegates at 
Heythrop to so) 

otherwise we will be ap- 
proaching a stale of anarchy. 
How sad it is that an occasion 
which should be cause for 
celebration will now be com- 
nletclY overshadowed; now 
necessary the whole affair 
suggests a world authority for 
ihe game is required. 

The unofficial tourists have 
been vociferously condemned 
bv anti-apartheid bodies, by 
other sporting bodies wajy m 
the knock-on effect of foe 
Commonwealth Games in Ed- 
inburgh later this 
their own Prime Minuter, 
David Lange, who said: ‘ Rugr 
bv is now bereft of credibility. 

bereft of respect unable to tell 

the truth, unable to tell Mr 
Blazey what is going on." 

The overseas players 
trained at foe Glamorgan 
Wanderers ground in Cardin 
yesterday without Esteve, the 
French wing who missed a 
connecting flight They did, 
however, have Laurent Rodri- 
guez available in place of 
another injured French back 
row player. Enc Champ, and 
the 19-stone South African 
prop. Flippie Van DerMerwe. 
who. with Gary 
New Zealand, have taken the 
place of two unavailable 
South African props. Hennie 
Van Aswegen and Hempies du 

Proposed tour schedules m 
South Africa: April 23*. v 
Junior Springboks (Johannes- 
burg). April 26: v Northern 
Transvaal (Pretoria): 30: v 
Orange Free State (Bloemfon- 
teinl May 3: v Transva^ 
(Johannesburg); 6: v Western 
Province (Cape Town): 10: v 
South Africa (Cape Town):13: 
v Natal: 17: v South Africa 
(Cape Town): 20: v South 




Master Nicklaus turns back the £OCK 

± Ba j| esteI p I to win the coveted forme. I «- ’im. 

Cvnical opinion suggests 
that' the All Blacks could 
return from South Africa bat- 
tle-hardened and ready for the 
French - but that depends on 
the New Zealand council al- 
lowing them to play and how 

many of them remain on their iown>. - ~~ — 

feci . a,l f r ,. . pa A ir l§ African Barbarians (Johan nes- 
“iniemationals against South v South Africa 

Africa on four successive Sat- twgj- 2 7: v Wes iem 
urdays in May. Otherwise jransvaai (Potchefstroom); 
Lochore will have to start s J south Africa 
from scratch, since only two or 3 ‘ 

New Zealand's current side, Rugby Union, page 38 

John Kirwan and David Kirk. lv,ore 

From Mitchell Platts 
Augusta, Georgia 

The first item on the agenda 
vesterday for the new US 
'Masters champion was to tee 
up his ball in a family 

Jack Nicklaus had hide 
lime to bathe in the glory ot 
his record sixth victory here 
on Sunday. Instrad his sons. 
Jack Jr. Steven. Gary and 12- 
year-old Michael, insisted that 
he gave them foe first chance 
to beat the 1986 tide holder. 
—If it weren’t for them and my 
wife Barbara, who has been so 
supportive. I probably 
wouldn't be playing, said 
Nicklaus. "So l can hardly 
denv them a game especially 
as Jack, our eldest has spent 
the last few days carrying my 
bag around Augusta." 

In fact the hurtful newspa- 
per article pinned on the 
refrigerator door provided as 
much inspiration to Nicklaus 

as the encouragement of his 
family. It was put there by 
John Montgomery, a business 
partner and friend, and it 
implied: “You're dead, 
through, all washed up. 

In truth, Nicklaus has al- 
ways possessed a sufficient 
pride m his own performance 
and an ability to motivate 
himself so as not to need such 
remarks to galvanize his 
game. But he admitted after 
his latest triumph, which, at 
46. made him the oldest 
champion in the history of the 
Masters, that on this occasion 
it swelled his desire.“It made 
me sizzle for a while, said 
Nicklaus. Something like that 
can spur you on." 

NickJaus’s astonishing per- 
formance, during which be 
turned back the clock a decade 
or two, produced one or foe 
most exhilarating moments in 
the game's history as he 
moved past Greg Norman, 
Tom Kite and Severiano 

Ballesteros to win the coveted. 

Sr TheresSmed little prospect 
of a Nicklaus victory as he 
laboured through the first 
eight holes, with Sandy Lyle as 
his playing partner, looking 
more like the player who had 
won $4,404 from seven tour- 
naments this season than the 
one who dominated the game 

for 20 years. _ „ 
Meanwhile, Ballesteros, 
who started out one behind 

As Norman’s ball disap- 
formed his position as Amw ^ M 

Ballesteros moved towards his jgHuJSnew he had extend- 
own stumbling point- TJj® a record that will probably 


Championships fourU5> 
Opens, three British Opens, 
Sd two US Amateur 

ofWieving the 1986 Mastos 
title was to be his. He had 
shaken hands in the middle of 
the' I3ih fairway with his 

S-SA5 %SS a 65 for a 

Meanwnne, approach fbnnd a Kite (68) and Nortnan P ^ 

who started out one behind later pis a pproai admitled ^ two shots ahead of the 

Norman, forged his way to foe “I lost the touroa- dn U h\ now 

SSSSrJTSfs ^S'ld.oncaaain, 

SKK -S-SSS*; -Sf.SMSffl 

had launched a typically auda- ftgt major . as ever an d his sh ort game has 

dou, char* S^nship. MKl Norman 

108 S^ri alHsoS fiomJack 

K^i^ ha " eWme ‘ h ' 
odo ^— ^ 

LIvUO fjv w 

momentum as the spatatois 
sensed that all was well again 
with their almost-forgotten 

He had collected four bird- 
ies in five holes from foe ninth 
and an eagle three from 1 5 feet 
at the 15th (500 yards) trans- 


A quick delivery 

Rv Colin McQuillan 















By Colin McQuillan 

Philip Kenvon. the national Sweden 9-6. 
champion, is known for his 
excellent preparation Wore 
major tournaments.^ lester- 
dav he brought a perfection ot 
timing to his first-round yic- 
torv in the Hi-Tec British 
Open Championships that 
suggests even the promise oi a 
quarter-final against Jahangpr 
Kban. ihe undefeated world 
champion, will not deter him 
in pursuit of foe game s great- 
est title. 

Kenyon took just .->6 min- 
utes to dismiss Bo Bosirom. oi 

aweuc. — 9-1, 9-1 at 
Dunnings Mill Squash Hub 
just before his wife, 
Chaimaine. was taken to hos- 
pital for the birth of their first 

th He now has 48 hours until 
his second round Wednesday 
match against Simon Taylor, a 
Nottingham-based qualifier 
Jahangir Khan will meet 
Christy Willstrop. another En- 
glish qualifier, on Wednesday 
The quarter-finals will be 
played at Wembley on 



Time for change of captaincy 

From John Woodcocfc, Cricket Correspondent, Si John'*, .. .. 

„ ..... niarenev. as Gower himseti l 

£26 cash each day 
when the NHS can 

treat you, promptly. 

Up to £20,000 
, private medical 
care a year ( 
i when they can’t. 

'• it can cost as little as 1?P a day to arrange 
£20 ,000 of prompt private medical care 

The alternative could be a very long wait. 

You may well be waiting months - even 
veare - for non-urgent treatment under the 
• National Health Service. Simplybeca^eh^ 
over-stretched and can t cope with the demands 
made upon it. 

The other choice is to arrange prompt 
private medical ^are. For a matter of pennies a 
'• dav. On a plan that even pays you U6 cash a 
day when the NHS can help vou quickly. 

Commit Yourself to nothing. Send the cou- 
pon and give y ourself and vour family a choice. 

Post it to: Health First. FREEPOST, Bournemouth. 
BH2 6BR .Telephone: 0202 292464. 

As David Gower conducted 
the usual rest-day press con- 
ference here yesterday morn- 
ing, less than a pitch's throw 
from the sparkling sea. it was 
natural to wonder whether it 
would be his last as England s 
captain. After such a disas- 
trous tour his position can 
hardly be secure, and the 
selection committee ol reter 
Mav. Philip Sharp- Alan 
Smith and the new recruit. 
Fred Titmus. will very soon 
address themselves to foe 
matter of the England captain- 
cv in the coming summer. 1 tie 
first of foe five one-day inter- 
nationals. against India, is to 
be plaved at The Oval on May- 

them. There you have foe two 
sides of the man: at once the 
most lackadaisical of captains 
and the most gifted ot 

When questioned about his 
casual attitude towards cap- 
taincy, on the field and off n, 
Gower has a stock reply. « 
was good enough in India ana 
against Australia last 
summer." So it was. On foe 
other hand, when something 
more has been needed, as 
against West Indies in En- 
gjand in 1984 and out here fois 
winter, nothing has been 
forthcoming. While not pre- 
venting him from be mg 
England's most successtul 

placency, as Gower himself 
seems not to. My impression 
is that the England players 
need a new impetus. Without 
it, they could find themselves 
drifting through Australia 
next winter as they have been 
drifting through the West 

Before he was made 
England's captain in 1984 I 
supported Gower's claims. I 
find it harder to do so now, 
and. there being wo job 
before we meet West Indies 
again, this would seem a 
suitable time to change. 
Should foe selectors think » 
too. Gatring, Gooch and Ed- 
monds are foe three fromtne 


be plaved at i ne uvai on Emdand s most sucw=»iu. monos are uk -HIT 

14. ’ . u batsman in foe Test matches pres enUeam to be consider^- 

' No one who has been in the he averages 41 ), Gower's own Nicholas took the B side to an 
West Indies with England s j n( fjfiference to practice has Lanka, but T^rcncketis 

cricketers can be in foe slighest - tlM * u: — rrom 

. - 1 K.r lvon 9 

IflUiiisiA-u'-v r -- , 

had a damaging effect on tne 
other players. Never was there 
more of a need to a disciplined 
approach to a tour or a greater 
lack of one. 

noon only a week Vfore uve" ™ ^ 

L1 H.iww.ijv— — - 

doubi that there has been a 
depressing lack of leadership. 
It has to be a major reason tor 
the failure of foe side to come 
to grips with many of their 
problems. Last Saturdavafter- 

Performance; ;he "^e^TrS 

S^4n?ea« « 5“ fc-r. «-* 

two months. „ 

The captain him sell had a 
lot 10 answer for when En- 
gland were left with as many 
as 275 to score to avoid foe 
follow-on. not least because of 
the way he had indulged 
Botham. By Sunday evening 
Gower’s own 70 not out made 
fairly sure that they would get 

ran. r\ 

Mike Brearley's outstanding 
record in charge of Engfend 
was that he was spared having 
to lead them against west 
Indies. It is therefore im|»r. 
tant. and only fair, to make 
allowances for those captains 
who are less fortunate than 
Brearley was. For all that, tne 
selectors must beware of com- 

Lanxa. oui ~ 

somefoing very different from 
that. There is no one w pe 
pulled out of the hat as Willis 
was and no wily old county 
captain to come and do a stint 
as Fletcher did. Even Botham 
himself must have accepted by 
now that he will never do it 

At 35. with littie experience 
of captaincy and a reputation 
for being “awkward ,^E£ 
monds probably has to be 
ruled out. though he would 
put a lot of thought into it- 
Gooch is reluctant to tom 
again. Which brings it down to 

Gatling, an aggressive cricket- 
er and a forceful personality, 
as active as Gower is classy. 

Under Gatling things would 
be made to bappe^e would 
need to become more tolerant 
and sometimes less anputaWi 
but there wcwld be no want of 
pride. | 

Had he been captain (and j 
fit) out here. West Indies 
would still have won comfort- 
ably. but at least England 
would have been seen to care 
and to work at their game. 
That they have not. and have 
made so little of their talents, 
has mattered a lot, and war- 
rants foe change m the cap- 
taincy, if only experimentally. 
Whether there will be one may 
depend on the result of this 
Test match. The selectors 
could see a draw as being as 
good as a victory and a Gower 
hundred as good as a repneye, 
though they will be shirking 
the issue if they do. 

HoMtog 73 , R A H* 1 - ^ 

EMQUWfelM tarings 

-K H UAlrffaM 

Paris Howefl, presj dent e f 
die Birmingham .Olympic 
committee, yesterday merited 
the city's “““ Jgf 

1992 Olympic Gaiws. mr- 

mragham’s ^ 

tains fan details of me 
facilities for the 77 sports, 

acconBOodatioo in the Oly**" 
pic vfflage, tranqmt, medical 
facilities and sccmity- 
These are also thrw ote 
major events - an arts festival, 
an interoaliOMl soeaoe con- 
ference and foe Werid D»- 
ahted Gaines - being planned 
to complement the stagmg of 
the Olympics. Mr Howell 
explained that, Birnringbun 
wnld be spending about £2% 
million on their campaign, 
about a quarter of foe amomit 
proposed by Barcelwa, foe 
favomrites to host foe Games. 

The committee stressed that 

their prime consideration was 

r T RaMomn b Hjnoia 


M W GX&tg 

R “Sr«. , ?SWs5 

TOWP «M») 381 

jEEfflbiwy AFoWwtobat 

1 S- 2 -S 0 - 1 ; H»p» 


Unph««: C CuuXuifirtrti ndLRUwfc 

fU uro v ~— — — — — 

athletes”. This reste em con- 
taining the vast majority of 
sports and the Olympic village 
in one central complex, whfck 
will be based at Birmingham’* 
National Exhibition Centre. 

Each individual team will be 
bonsed in an “English Tillage 

setting" linked to a mam 
international headquarters ro 
the centre of foe 125*cresite. 

The submission daims that 
every one of foe sports venues 
could be reached from the 
“Olympic City" in mder an 
hour. Helicopters would be 
used to ferry yachting compel 
itors to and from Weymouth. 

Most of the sports would be 
held at the NEC's eight halls 
— n p inth is being taut whfefe 

would house foe media- with 

equestrian events and archery 
at nearby StooeJeigh, cycling 
at a special velodrome to be 
bum in Birmingham, shooting 
at foe National Centre w 
Wolverhampton, tennis at 
• Edgbastea Priory and water 
sports at Home Pferrepont 

Bir min g ham City, Aston 
VBIa, Covmitry City and West 
Bromwich Albion would host 
the football and the planned 
Bir mingh am Convention Cen- 
tre used for basketbafl-The 

showpiece would be a strfdo 
built just north of the NEC 

which would hoU the afolebcs 

and foe opening and closing 




i “p ,u 1,1 

I pfompi private mwlK-al kJW l‘W (.at u . qu-i^ro 

, ^ H«>hh First. FRtEPi.^T Buumeinuulh. BH- fBR 



Bahrain — Keith Burk- 
inshaw will return to Enmna 
fois summer at foe end of his 
contract as manager of 
Bahrain's football team. The 
former Tottenham Hopspur 
manager said: “I just wanted 
to go home." But the Bahram 
Football Association said they 
had decided at a board meet- 
ing not to renew his contract. 

Bnr kins haw; on way borne 

Bearing up \y ar k out 

_ __ .Lro O .,rtkv T MOllP 

j Sanw IMrWrs 
| Addrts* 

^ PlAtodc 

| orC'Wirvini» Q 



Fulham, the Rugby. League 
club sated froth exuncuon a 
fortnight ago. have added 
Bears to their name. 

John Wark. foe Liveyool 
footballer, has been ruled out 
for foe rest of the season with a 
leg injury- 

Ban remains Fam ii y affair 

The 1 2 English _ women - . j VJirA 

The 12 English women 

crickeierssu^emled for 

irssuayvu^w I*#* - — 
for playing in Soufo Amra. 
have fail 

yinjs * — v” 

iw«c mailed to persuade foe 
Women's Cricket .Assoaatton 
to lift foe ban. 

Chris and David Ward, the 
Norfolk brothers- been 
named in England s bowls 
team for the Commonwealth 
Games fois summer. 

Same again 

Satisfied with England s 
performance in foe interna- 
tional hockey tournament at 
Largs, the national selectors 

have kept the same squad for 

foe Women's World Cup in 
July (Joyce Whitehead wntes). 

Final move 

The English Basket Baft 
Association have applied to 

'stage the final of the European 
Champion Clubs’ Cup for the 
first nme at Wembley next 
season. The EBBA hope it can 
take place on Thursday, April 
1 foe day before the start of 
the domestic national champi- 
onship play-offs. 

New threat 

• Lisa Bellinger is still at the 
top of the English national 
table tennis rankings. But foe 
1 9 -year-old from Dunstable 
jfeces a new challenge from 
Lancashire's Joy Grundy who 
won the English closed title at 
Oldham last month. 


his revenge 

Chris Ronaldson, the world 
champion, won the George 
Wimpey world open singles 
tournament at Moreton 
Morrell at foe weekend, de- 
feating Lachlan DeiuAar, 
from Melbourne, 6-5, fr-3, 6-4 
(William Stephens wntes). 

Deuchar, Ronaldson’ s dep- 
uty professional at Hampton 
Court, had won their Iasi two 
matches. He played as well as 
he was allowed to in a fine 
contest and led 3-1 and 5-4 in 
the first set, before Ronaldson 
characteristically raised his 
game to take the set and a 3-0 
lead in the second. Deuchar 
gained a 3-0 lead in the third, 
only for Ronaldson to take 
five games in a row as he 
tightened controL 

■ESULTS s«m-an»i*: c Rcrwkteon bt 


Britain leads field in 
transatlantic race 

By Barry Rfekthall 

Entries closed yesterday for ran Novaaet 1, which be 
foe Carisberg sponsored two- hopes to have equipped with a 
handed - tr ansatlant ic race much-needed new shit of 
which leaves Plymouth for Other leading .. contenders 
Newport, Rhode Island on include Tony Bullimore and 

which leaves Plymouth for Other leading contenders 
Newport, Rhode Island on include Tony Bullimore and 
June 8. The Royal Western Walter Greene in Apricot, 
Yacht Club of En gland, orga- Robin Knox Johnston and be 
nizers of this five-yearly epic French crewman Bernard 
challenge, expressed the hope GaQay aboard British Airways 
that more than 60 entries will IT, and Peter Wbipp aim 
rally to the starting signal fired David Alan Williams with 

yiic tiuiii w cuu m win 

,j w the starting signal fired 
i Paul El v strong the Danish 
lympic medallist. 

The official entry list is 80- 
strong but, with some French 
crews known to be entering 
the rival Liberty Race from 
Rouen to New York next 
month and others having not 
paid their entry fee, the num- 
ber is reduced to 61 definite 

Britain has foe largest num- 
ber of representatives with 24 
crews, followed by. France 
with eight,the United States 

orflli CfrtTAn on/4 n H«lt 

David Alan W illiam s with 

their Thompson-designed 

Paragon, winner of the recent 
multihull mod prix at 1>> 
Triniti, in. ranee. 

Eleven monohull entrants 
in the BOC single-handed 
Round foe World race due to 
leave Newport at the end of 
August are also nsing this race 

as a final trial for the fog event, 
including Philippe" Jeantot, 
the Frenchman- who won last 
year and who launched his 
new Duman design Credit 
Agrigrfe HI last 

with eight,the United States Agrigple m last weekend, 
with seven and Finland with The organizers, faced wift 
five. There are four entries their smallest number of-eft* 
from the eastern bloc and fries, have said that. they will 
three each from foe Nether- view late entries syrnpatbeti- 
lands and Germany. . cally. Among o th ers known to 

The biggest entry chasing be interested, is Phfl SteggaH- 
thr 14-day record set by Chay an American who has bought 
Blyth and the late Rob James Travacrest Seaway. -'Fetef 
is Peter Phillips’ 80ft catama- Phillips's old trimaran. • ■ '