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No. 62,432 


US bombers ‘kill 100' in 

fv - 7 cfl ' 


; ft 

• Tte nrthless factions in the 

tiireatened reprisals 

wit?? - and Americans after 

Washington s raids on Tripoli 

• liftya attacked US radar facilities on 
the Italian island of Lampedusa hot 

mTbe unSE or Si nr »es 

Sewmy Cooncil 

“ JW?* session and Libya ashed 
Beiglain to arrange a truce 

• Mrs Thatcher insisted: the US action .. 
was right and - said it would have been 
inconceivable to deny America, the use 
of its British-based Fill jets' 

• Moscow cancelled the planned meet- 
ing between Mr Shaft* and his Soviet 
counterpart, Mr Shevardnadze 

• The Kremlin condemned the US 
action as a criminal act of banditry and 
£&id it shonkl end immediately 

j m Aura u snotua end immediately 

Britons have become 
targets of terror 

Briions as well as Ameri- 
cans are now targets through 
the Middle East and Europe 
following the “Anglo-Ameri- 
can aggression" - as the 
Libyans dubbed it - in which 
US jets from the British bases 
killed an estimated 100 peo- 
ple. many of them civilians, in 
a series of devastating air 
strikes on Libya yesterday. 

The three most ruthless 
extremist factions in the Syri- 
an capitol of Damascus 

including Abu Nidal’s Pales- 
. linian group which probably 
bombed the TWA jet two 
weeks ago - said that as a 
% result of Mrs Thatcher’s in- 
volvement in the operation, 
Britons and British interests 
were now targets, just as much 
at risk as the Americans. 

Several members of Colonel 
Gadaftfs family, including his 
two sons, are reported to have 
been wounded when the 
Americans staged Lheir air 
raid on Tripoli and Benghazi 
attacking the Colonel's own 
barracks, the capital's military 
airport, the national naval 
academy, military installa- 
tions in Benghazi and — most 
politically damaging to the 
whole Anglo-American opera- 

From Robert Fisk, Tripoli 

been lulled or injured, al- 
though unconfirmed reports 
yesterday afternoon said that 

Americans themselves said 
was unaccounted for. 

some foreigners, not Briions, 
"** redio’ 

may have died. 

The Tialian consul's wife 
was slightly wounded in the 
face by shrapnel during the 
•American raid, in which. ac> 
cording to Western diplomats 
in Tripoli the US aircraft 
dropped 5001b bombs. . 

Diplomatic estimates of the 
dead ranged from a minimum 
of 100. including those in 
Benghazi, to “several 
hundred” Foreign correspon- 
dents saw three dead civilians. 

But when Western journal- 
ists which were taken to the 
coasts} village of Tajoura, 14 
miles from Tripoli, where the 
Fill was supposed to have 
crashed, gunmen of GadajBi’s 
revolutionary guard prevent- 
ed them from leaving the 

One official said that 
airforce personnel — he did 
not speficy whether they were 
Libyan or Soviet — had al- 
ready taken parts of the jet 
away, adding that the crew 
had been killed. 

Parliament 4 

UK, world reactions 5-7 

Moscow view 12 

Leading article 13 

Parliamentary sketch 20 

Business News 21 

Libyans later claimed to 
have shot down as many as 20 
American planes — a prepos- 
terous figure. 

ind uding a baby, during a tour 
of bombed dvilian areas in 
Tripoli during the morning. 

Colonel Gadaffi was be- 
lieved to have been out of his 
barracks when the American 
jets struck, smashing windows 

. — - of his own private residence. 

lion — a heavily populated and his aides insisted yester- 
• residential area of Tripoli. da y that he was unharmed. 

Despite repeated assurances 
from the Americans that civfi- 
- tan casualties were to be 
avoided, there were Italians, 
Greeks and Yugoslavs among 
more than 100 wounded civil- 
ians crowded into the Tripoli 
central hospital and two other 
medical centres. 

The French Embassy was 
devastated in tire American 
raid, while the Austrian and 
Finnish Embassies and the 
Swiss Ambassador's resi- 
dences were extensively 

None of the 5.000 Britons in 
Libya was reported to have 

The official Libyan news 
agency said that after the 
raids. Colonel Gadaffi held 
urgent talks with the Soviet 
-Ambassador in Tripoli and 
handed to him an "impor- 
tant" message for ihe Soviet, 
leader. Mr Gorbachov. . 

Libyait- Government offi- 
cials. however, refused to 
allow, jbrejsn correspondents 
10 visit military bases which 
.had; bden attacked. Tbey^said ; 
that Libyan air defences had 
shot down an American^ Tl 11 
aircraft — one of the jets Sown 
from Britain -and which the 

Tripoli’s civilian airport, 
which adjoins the military air 
base bombed by the Ameri- 
cans, was closed all day yester- 
day while the capital, its 
streets, petrolled by railhia 
men hdldhig Soviet automatic 
weapons! was almost empty of 
people and cars. 

In the most devastated resi- 
dential streets m Tripoli, Liby- 
an civilians abused Mrs 
Thatcher and the British gov- 
ernment for allowing Ameri- 
can aircraft to fly from British 
bases. Libyan anger is unlikely 
to be visited upon British 
residents in Libya, but else- 
where in the Middle East, 
there can be no doubt at all 
that UK citizens — and in- 
deed British airlines — are 
npw at great, risk. 

Residents of Tripoli inspecting their devastated 

in the sombre aftermath of the American bombing attacks (Photograph, Snresh Karadta). 

Myth of 
bombing 9 

Bomb strike was US duty 
Thatcher tells Commons 


call raid 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 


From Robert Fisk 

if President Keagan regards 
'hir air strike as part .of a war 
agaiast.Coloneluadaffi! Arab 
extremists now ieem certain 
tbopbrta newwsroftheirown 
against both Britain and 
America, the fir-reaching re- 
sults of which are still unclear. 

America rallies to Reagan 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

America rallied behind 
President Reagan yesterday 
for his attack on Libya ana 
was clearly ready to back him 
in any reprisals for the Libyan 
raid on the Italian island of 

“Today we have done what 
we have to do." Mr Reagan 
told the nation on Monday 
nighL'Tf necessary we shall do 
it again." 

The White House said Mr 
Reagan bad decided to attack 
in principle in the middle of 
Iasi week, and had since 
conducted brief, secret meet- 
ings to finalise plans. It ex- 
pressed no surprise at the 
gloomy reaction of most Euro- 
pean allies, and acknowledged 
dial the attempt to get Europe- 
an co-operation against Libya 
would be a “long haul". 

American diplomatic and 
military posts around the 
world were on alert as the 
nation braced for attempted 
Libyan reprisals. The Penta- 
gon said two missiles were 
fired at a US coastguard 
facility on Lampedusa, south 
of Sicily, but fell into the .sea 
short of the mark. Thirty 

Americans are stationed there. 

A search was underway 
yesterday for a. missing F/i I 
bomber and its two-man crew, 
the only apparent American 
casualties of the raid, but 
without immediate success.' 

Three bows before the op* 
eration was launched, .key 
congressional leaders were 
consulted and indicated solid 
approval. The White House 
indicated that it would have 
backed off had k encountered 
strong objections. 

Asked if the US would have 
used FI 1 1 bombers from Brit- 
ish bases without the permis- 
sion of Mrs Thatcher, Mr 
Larry S peakes. the White 
House spokesman, said: "We 
would normally consult with 
her before we would do so." 

President Reagaa .speaking 
on television when the attack 
was over, told of “irrefutable” 
evidence that Colonel Gadaffi 
was responsible for the bomb-' 
ing of a West Berlin disco- 
theque II days ago. Mr 
George Shultz. Secretary of 
State, said the Adm mi station 
had information about 30 

planned attacks against US 

The US bombers , used 
weapons guided by laser 
beams, heat seekers and tele- 

vision cameras. 

Mr Speakes said the targets 
were chosen because they 
struck at the heart of Libya s 
ability to conduct terrorism. 

9h ROME: The news of a 
Libyan attack on Lampedusa 
brought a dramatic suspen- 
sion of the Italian Senate's 
debate last night on the Liby- 
an crisis -while ministers left 
the hall to find out what was 
really happening on Italy's 
southernmost Mediterranean 
outpost (Peter Nichols writes). 

Signor Betuno Craxi, the 
Prime Minister, came back to 
tell the House that there had 
been two explosions. 

Paratroopers and Cabinieri 
went to the area while three 
interceptor aircraft took off 
from the Sicilian base- at 
Trapani 10 look for signs of a' 
Libyan vessel. But they en- 
countered thick haze which 
made their task impossible. 

The two-storey homes on 
both sides of Said bin Zaik 
Street had been tore apart, 
their contents of beds, solas 
and cheaply framed family 
photographs hurled Into the 
and draped down 
_ bedroom wafts. ... 
«e was bfood across the 
steps of the tangaiovr opposite 
toe French Embassy and, on a 
Stretcher down the road, lay 
part of a baby's body. They 
had already dug two corpses 
oat of the wreckage of 
Mohamed Mastytrpr's home. 
Several limbs lay in an ambn- 
laare beside a 30ft wide water- 
logged bomb enter. From a 
shattered balcony, an old man 
looked down on as, bandages 
across his cheeks and fore- 
head, blood streaking his 
shirt. “Are we terrorists?" he 
shrieked. "The Americans are 

There was real scarcely- 
controlled fury in the streets of 
the Bin As hoar suburb of 
Tripoli yesterday morning, not 
the remote-controlled anger of 
Colonel Gadaffi's mifttfamen 
but shouted, cursed insults 
from ordinary civilians. They 
had already been told on the 
radio that Mrs Thatcher had 
allowed President Reagan to 
send some of his bombers from 
Britain. They knew that Mr 
Reagan was claiming to have 
hit only "terrorist targets" 
with pinpoint accuracy. They 
also realized, of course, that he 
was wrong. 

"The Americans should get 
this crazy man out of the 
White House," one young man 
screamed, his hair sticking to 
the sweat on his forehead. 
"The British should get rid of 
that crazy woman." 

The dust had long settled 
across the dozens of smashed 
civilian flats, the broken walls 
Continued on page 7, col I 

The Prime Minister lold the 
Commons yesterday that the 
.Americans had not only been 
right to bomb Libyan targets, 
but that they had a duty to do 

It would have been incon- 
ceivable. she said, for the 
Government to have refused 
permission for the United 
States to use its own British- 
based F 1 1 Is to strike in sdf- 
defence against the scourge of 

But she warned the Com- 
mons that the public must be 
fully alert to the threat of 
indiscriminate terrorist 

“Military establishments 
and government departments 
have been placed at a high 
level of alert." she said. 

"On the basis of past at- 
tacks, it is important for 
members of the public to be 
alert to the possibility of 
indiscriminate attacks and to 
report anything suspicious." 

Mrs Thatcher will open a 
special Commons debate on 
the American action this after- 
noon. when Mr Neil Kinnock 
will deliver an all-out on- 
slaught against the 

Government's practical sup- 
port for the American attack. 

The Labour leader said 
yesterday that even if there 
was evidence of Libyan com- 
plicity in terrorist attacks, the 
bombing could not be justified 
as an act of self-defence under 
international law. 

Mr David Steel the Liberal 
leader. . said that Mrs 
Thatcher's view that it would 

News of the American air 
strike wiped almost £5 billion 
off share prices on the Stock 
Exchange yesterday. 

The dollar and gold showed 
early gains, but fell back. 
Sterling was little affected, 
closing slightly down in Lon- 
don at S1.4787. 

Details, page 21 

have been inconceivable to 
refuse permission amounted 
to a blank cheque. 

There was also some minis- 
terial disquiet that the Cabinet 
had not been informed. 

A significant number of 
Tory MPs asked for evidence 
of the Libyan connections 
with terrorism. 

h is possible that outlines of 
the evidence, some of it 
provided from GCHQ listen- 
ing posts, may be published 

But the Prime Minisier 
yesterday deployed her case 
during Question Time and in 
a later statement, in which she 
said:'*The United States, after 
trying other means, has now 
sought by limited military 
action to induce the Libyan 
regime to desist from terror- 
ism. That is in the British 

Although she had not spo- 
ken personally with President 
Reagan, he had been told that 
Britain would support action 
against specific Libyan targets 
"demonstrably involved in 

the conduct and support of 
terrorist activities." 

She added that the Ameri- 
cans had been lold that if the 
President had concluded that 
it was necessary, the Govern- 
ment would agree to the 
deployment of the Fills 
from British bases while re- 
serving its position on further 

The Prime Minister also 
reminded the House of the 
action that the Government 
bad taken to sever relations 
with Libya after the murder of 
WPC Yvonne Fletcher in 

Downing Street sources said 
last night that in spite of the 
escalation of terrorism, the 
proof of the Libyan connec- 
tion. and backing for the IRA. 
the British Government had 
never contemplated direct 
military action. 

The same sources refused to 
say when permission for the 
use of Brilish-hased Fills 
had been given. 

But Mrs Thatcher told the 
House that Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, the Foreign Secretary, 
and Mr George Younger, the 
Secretary of State for Defence, 
had been at Number 10 when 
the initial message had been 
received from the President. 

Moscow (Reuter) - Mr 
Nikolai Ryzhkov, the Soviet 
Prime Minister, yesterday 
condemned the US air strikes 
as criminal acts of banditry, 
saying they should end 

In the highest -level detailed 
reaction from Moscow so far, 
Mr Ryzhkov said the raids 
were, completely unjustified 

As quoted by Tass, Mr 
Ryzhkov told a Kremlin ban- 
quet for Mr logvar Carlsson. 
the Swedish Prime Minister 
visiting Moscow, that the 
"criminal attack by American 
planes against Libya" was 
fraught with danger. 

“This act of aggression, 
which cannot have any justifi- 
cation, is a sign of disregard 
for the interests of small states 
and peoples and flouts the 
United Nations' charter that 
prohibits the use of force in 
international relations." 

• GENEVA: “It is like an act 

of war; many, many wars hare 
started like that," the Soviet 

Relegate at the United Nations 
disarmament conference said 
(Alan McGregor writes). 

Mr Viktor Issraelyan told 
the conference: “The US have 
begun to speak in (heir own 
particular language, that of 
bombs, missiles and shells**. 

. • The runes’ unique^ 

• share-price competition 
has been relaunched 
this week as Portfolio 
Gold, with a daily 

prize of 24,000 and a 
weekly prize of 

WKTO* _ 

to You will need the 
new Portfolio Gold card 
to join in the game. 
Newsagents nave been 
receiving supplies 
throughout last week, 
and copies of the 

current Sunday Times 

Magazine contain a 
gold card. ... 

, • if you have any dif- 
ficulty obtaining one, 
details of where to 

apply appear on page a 


to Five readers 

shared yesterf^rsac- 

cumulated £10, , 

prize — details page 3- 
to Portfolio Rstpage 
28; rules end how to 
■ play page 20. 

Elections date 
set for May 8 

The Government yesterday 
moved writs for by-elections 
in West Derbyshire am! 
Rvedale to be held on May 8. 
Tlie Conservatives have com- 
fortable majorities in both. 

Pretoria anger 

Mrs Winnie Mandela has been 
severely criticized by the 
South African Government 
for a speech in which she 
spoke of blacks liberating the 
country “with match« and 
necklaces" # 

Genet dies 

Jean Genet fke.. fiwij* 
novelist and playwright who 
scandalised the literary estab- 
lishment with tales of homo- 
sexuality and crime, dxa 
yesterday at his home aged 75. 

Obituary, page IS 

Legal changes 

ran Rs»r and Law Society 

The Bar and Law Society 
have set up a joint committee 
which is to report dM?* 
needed to improve legal ser 
vices for the consumer.Page - 

HomeNws 2-5 



Business 21-28 
/"hurt W 

Diary 12 

Law Report *g 
PUifeuneat • 4 
Propat) 3435 
Sale Room 2 

ISS" .*12 

~ Radio 39 

Tebbit warning to Sunday 
traders after Bill failure 

By Philip Webster, Political Reporter 

The Government warned 
yesterday ofa new crackdown 
against Sunday traders after 
the shock loss ofits Shops Bill 
Ministers conducted an in- 
quest into tbeir humiliating 
defeat on (he second reading 
ofa central piece of Govern- 
ment legislation, but were still 
reeling over the size of toe 
Conservative revolL 
Sixty-eight Tory MPs voted, 
against the Government a 
number fir higher than either 
the whips or the rebel leaders 
had anticipated.. The Govern- 
ment accepted, its defeat and 
admitted that reform of the 
confused Sunday trading laws 
was off the agenda for the 
foreseeable future. 

Casualties were kept to a 
minimum. One Parliamentary 
Private Secretary. Mr Andrew 
Hunter, the Conservative MP 
for Basingstoke, who voted 
against the Government was 
sacked. Mr Hunter worked for 
Lord Elton, Minister of Slate 
for the Environment 
But four other PPSs, who 
abstained had their offers to 

Robert Key. PPS to Mr Alick 

resign refused. They were Mr 
~ PPS to Mr 

Alistair * Burt • ~ 
Kenneth Bakers Secretary of 
Slate for foe Environment Mr 

Buchanan-Smith. Minister of 
State for Energy; Mr Tom 
Sackvflle. PPS to Mr Barney 
Hayhoe. the Minister for 
Health, and Mr Michael Lord. 
PPS lo Mr John Macgregor, 
Chief Secretary to the 

Bui senior Cabinet minis- 
ters did not conceal their 
dismay over the demise of the 
Bill. Mr Norman Tebbit the 
Conservative Party chairman, 
warned of more prosecutions 
against people who trade on 
Sundays at present 

He told a Tory conference 
in London that things would 
not stay as they were. "1 fear it 
means that things will get 
rather less convenient for 
those of you who are working 
during toe week and who want 
to commit the heinous crime 
of buying a pot plant on 
Sunday." He feared there 
would be increasing pressure 
for the law 10 be implemented, 
meaning more prosecutions, 
against traders 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, who failed to 
win over the rebels with a final 
concession promising there 
would be no guillotine on the 

Bill, predicted yesterday that 
some existing traders might be 
driven out of business. 

He said: "I think what we 
will probably get now is that 
councils, who have the re- 
sponsibility to enforce the law. 
will find themselves pressed to 
do so in a fairly arbitrary way. 

“Some will take up prosecu- 
tions that have been lying 
pending and some very worth- 
while people may be driven 
out of business. 1 hope not." 

There was irritation over 
the role of the 14 Ulster 
Unionists who broke their 
Westminster boycott, and 
whose combined vote repre- 
sented the difference for the 
Government between winning 
and losing. 

The churches welcomed the 
Commons decision, rejecting 
the Bill by 296 votes to 282. In 
a joint statement the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, Dr 
Robert Runcie. ihe Archbish- 
op of Westminster, Cardinal 
Basil Hume and the Modera- 
tor of the Free Church Federal 
Council Dr Donald English 
said it had recognized the need 
to uphold the special character 
of Sunday. 

Seeking compromise, page 2 



on rates 

The Government yesterday 
backed down over its method 
of assessing local authority 
rate support grams. 

In a test case brought by 
Birmingham City Council. Mr 
Justice Mann, sitting in the 
High Court in London, grant- 
ed the council a declaration 
that Mr Kenneth Baker. Secre- 
tary of State for the Environ- 
ment.' had exceeded his 
powers in reducing the city's 
block gram by £43 million. 

The judge said it was admit- 
ted that the Minister's deter- 
mination was illegal and must 

It was also agreed that each 
side, on giving 14 days notice, 
should have liberty to apply to 
the court for a full hearing of 
the case should it be consid- 
ered necessary. 

The Government agreed to 
pay the council's costs. 

The victory for local au- 
thorities could be shortlived. 
In the Commons last Thurs- 
day. Mr Baker said the Gov- 
ernment would be introducing 
retrospective legislation which 
would affect the block grant 
payable under the Local Gov- 
ernment Planning and Land 
Act. 1980. 
















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The Government has bad a 
fortunate defeat over the 
Shops Bill. Better an immedi- 
ate humiliation than a continu- 
ing haemorrhage. The Bill was 
a sensible attempt to sort out 
an area of the law where there 
is moch confusion. Bat it was 
never an essential part of the 
Government's programme, 
and it could have caused 
endless embarrassment. 

Had it scraped through on 
Monday night, it would have 
had an extremely tnrbulent 
passage through its remaining 
stages in the House of Com- 
mons. It would have been 
much amended and no doubt 
badly mutilated. As the critics 
were united only in their 
opposition to the legislation, 
the changes would probably 
have followed no coherent 

So the anomalies would 
have multiplied and ministers 
would have been forced to 
spend time, energy and politi- 
cal capital in trying to knock 
the Bill into some acceptable 
shape. It would, in other 
words, have been a running 
parliamentary sore. 

Ministers look 
very foolish 

Had the Bill survived these 
difficulties to reach the statute 
book, it would have affronted 
an important section of opin- 
ion outside Parliament. Many 
of those most concerned arc 
people who would normally 
be expected to vote Conserva- 
tive. unless they were driven 
by indignation io support the 
Alliance or abstain. 

Strong passions had already 
been aroused and they would 
not have had lime to subside 
before the general election, 
especially as the new laws 
would have been coming into 
effect just as the election 
campaign approached. 

This was therefore a classic 
example of precisely the kind 
of legislation that a politically 
sensitive government docs not 
allow to be in the forefront of 
public attention in what may 
well be the year before a 
general election. It would not. 
to my mind, have been social- 
ly damaging: but it was not 
really necessary and it certain- 
ly was politically hazardous. 

Had I been an MP I would 
have voted for the second 
reading. Had I been a Cabinet 
minister 1 would have voted 
against introducing the Bill so 
late in a Parliament 

As it is. ministers have been 
left looking extremely foolish. 
They miscalculated both pub- 
tic and parliamentary opinion. 
But it is the kind of political 
fiasco that will not lie too 
heavily on the electorate's 
mind unless it is added to a 
lengthening list of political 

Clumsiness is 
a weakness 

One of the principal weak- 
nesses of this Government has 
been its repeated clumsiness 
in political tactics. If this trend 
continues then Sunday trading 
will be added to the catalogue 
of disasters. But the episode is 
likely to linger for long in the 
public mind only if there are 
further errors to give freshness 
to the charge of political 

It may remain longer in the 
parliamentary memory. Mr 
Douglas Hurd's reputation 
has risen so sharply during the 
past six months that anything 
that tarnishes it is likely to be 
remembered in the House of 

How far he should be 
blamed for the outcome may 
be disputed. He inherited the 
Bill when he became Home 
Secretary. But the offers of free 
votes and no guillotine may 
have given the impression 
that ministers lacked the 
stomach for a real fight on 
behalf of their own legislation. 

Sunday trading is a question 
that has aroused the most 
intense public interest. In that 
sense, it is very much more 
than a politician's issue. But 
the loss of a piece of highly- 
coniroversial legislation will. I 
believe, prove to be largely a 
politician's issue. It embar- 
rasses ministers, it disconcerts 
Conservative backbenchers 
who wonder anxiously about 
ministerial judgement. But it 
will not switch many votes at 
the general election. 

Those whafavoured the Bill 
will hardly transfer their alle- 
giance because the Govern- 
ment failed to get it through. 
Those who were against it will 
not use their vote to express 
their disapproval of a Bill that 
was killed a year or so ago. 

This episode has illustrated 
two political truths: that the 
House of Commons can even 
throw out a Bill without 
bringing down a government: 
and that governments quite 
often have reason to be more 
grateful to their enemies than 
their friends. 

Lawyers create 
joint forum 
to discuss 
wide reforms 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The Bar and the Law Soci- 
ety yesterday announced they 
have set up a joint committee 
to examine the future of the 
legal profession and report on 
changes needed to improve 
legal services for the consum- 

The unprecedented venture, 
which will involve laymen, is 
expected to signal the end of 
hostilities between tbe 
profession's two branches in' 
the debate on rights of audi- 
ence in the courts. 

In a joint statement, the 
chairman of the Bar and the 
president of the Law Society 
said there was a "strong public 
perception that the legal pro- 
fession needs to examine its 
practices and where necessary 
to adapt them, to ensure that 
the public need is efficiently 

The committee, which is 
expected to complete its work 
within two years, will consist 
of five hamsters, five solici- 
tors and five non-lawyers, 
under the chairmanship of 
Lady Marre. chairman of the 
BBC and IBA central appeals 
advisory committee. 

It wiii examine how services 
can be expanded, made more 
cost-effective, sympathetic 
and socially aware. 

“It is especially important 
that we should ensure that as a 
matter of reality, and not just 
as a matter of high-sounding 
theory, the law is available to 
all. So there is an especial 
concern for the socially and 
economically deprived sec- 
tions of the community." 

The initiative, which comes 
after a particularly acrimoni- 
ous few months between the 
profession's two branches, 
came from the Bar and was 
readily taken up by the Law 

The society's president Mr 
Alan Leslie, said: “This is 

fulfilling a need for a joint 
planning secretariat. We must 
plan our future on the basis 
that it's a two-branch 

Both he and Mr Robert 
Alexander, chairman of the 
Bar. emphasized that the com- 
mittee would not just be a 
“talking shop" which would 
effectively defuse current 
moves for change, particularly 
among the solicitors' branch. 

Mr Leslie said that govern- 
ment attempts at legal reform, 
including the Lord 
Chancellor's Civil Justice Re- 
view. had been piecemeal 
“twopenny ha’penny 
packages" and the committee 
would provide a chance for a 
cool look at the whole legal 

Mr Alexander said there 
were still many areas of dis- 
agreement between the 
branches and the committee 
was not going to be a "cosy 
gelling together" on those 
areas. No topic, however diffi- 
cult. would be "off limits" for 
the committee, he said. 

Lady Marre, a member 
from 1975-80 of the Lord 
Chancellor's Advisor)’ Com- 
mittee on Legal Aid. said she 
aimed to "bring people togeth- 
er to reconcile views " so that 
they could come up with 
“something sensible". 

“It is not always possible to 
say what the public wants, 
because the public itself is not 
particularly well-informed. 
What we must do is work out 
how best to give public access 
to the right kind of legal 

The issue of granting solici- 
tors rights of audience in the 
higher courts, now the pre- 
serve or the Bar. has been 
referred to the High Court 
judges, who are expected to 
make their views known 
short Iv. 

Mr Norman TebbiL Conservative Party chairman, with Mrs Smreefa Flather at the 
Highflyers conference in London yesterday (Photograph: Tim Bishop). 

Separate taxation rejected 

Mr John Moore, Financial 
Secretary to the Treasury, has 
strongly rejected mandatory 
separate taxation for bus- 
bands and wives which, he 
said, would ignore marriage 

He argued that a system of 
transferable tax allowances 
would be fair, flexible and 

He was speaking to 250 
women, mostly Conservative 
and under 40. and all in 
positions of power, at the 
Highflyers* conference in Lon- 
don, which was organized by 
Miss Emma Nicholson, vice- 
chairman of the Conservative 
Party, to launch a survey to 

By Sheila Gann, Political Staff 

find out women's views on the 
Green Paper, The Reform of 
Personal Taxation. 

Mr Moore said the present 
system, of taxing a married 
woman's income as though it 
was her husband's, was an- 
tique and the time had come 
for radical change. 

“The Green Paper suggests 
a way forward through a 
system of independent tax- 
ation with transferable allow- 
ances. It is fain does not bear 
more harshly on the married 
than the unmarried: respects 
the rights of individuals; and it 
allows the burden of tax to be 
reduced in the most effective 
way," he said. 

Mr Moore said each partner 
would have a tax allowance in 
his or her own right to set 
against any form of income. A 
non-earning partner would be 
able to transfer his or her al- 
lowance to the partner's. 

But critics claimed this 
would discourage married wo- 
men from working and have 
called for a system of mandat- 
ory' separate taxation. 

Mr Moore argued: "Such a 
system would ignore marriage 
altogether. I disagree utterly 
with this as a matter of prin- 

Couples where only one 
partner was working would 
also face much higher tax 
bills, he added. 

Jail action 
gets 75% 

By Peter Evans. 

The results of the national 
ballot of prison officers to be 
announced tomorrow are ex- 
pected to show that, in an 87 
per cent poll, there was a 75 
per cent vote in favour of 
industrial action. 

“This is a tremendous back- 
ing for our efforts and one that 
we hope the Home Secretary 
will take notice of" Mr Gra- 
ham Vaughan, a member of 
the national executive of the 
Prison Officers' Association 
and a member of the pay- 
negotiating team. said. 

Officials of the association 
were yesterday questioning 
the motives of Mr Chris 
Train, director general of the 
prison service, in making 
public a peace attempt before, 
he said, “industrial action 
overtakes us all". In a letter, to 
Mr Colin Steel, national chair- 
man. he had sought to renew 
an attempt to resolve issues by 

Mr Train suggested the 
issue at the centre of the 
dispute, manpower, should be 
put to one side while other 
matters of importance were 

But publication of the letter 
raised the question of its 
sincerity. Mr Phil Hornsby, 
the association's assistant sec- 
retary said. 

Meanwhile, the police are 
bracing themselves in case the 
prison officers take action and 
decide to cut numbers in jails 
to their official capacity, in 
which case prisoners would be 
placed in police cells. 

Mr Tony Judge, a spokes- 
man for the Police Federation, 
said yesterday that they would 
be able to cope, but sen- ices to 
the public were bound to 
suffer if extra officers had to 
be found. 

Sunday trading dispute 

Retailers are seeking a compromise 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

Compromise plans to free 
Sunday shopping are being 
considered after the defeat of 
the Government's Sunday 
Trading Bill, and the Keep 
Sunday Special Campaign in- 
dicated yesterday that it would 
be prepared to discuss 

The moves came after fears 
that leaving the Shops Act 
1950 in place could lead to a 
wave of prosecutions. Accord- 
ing to one estimate, many 
small businesses and up to 

50.000 jobs could be at risk. 

The Government's unex- 
pected defeat and its decision- 
to drop any attempt to bring in 
Sunday shopping legislation 
has also brought into question 
the prospect of more flexible 
licensing laws in England and 
Wales later this year. 

Mr Tom McNally, director 
general of the Retail Consor- 
tium. said: “In the euphoria of 
victory, those who have de- 
feated this Bill should remem- 
ber that the retail industry is 
now left with Sunday trading 
laws which, by common con- 

sent. are judged to be unsatis- 
factory and increasingly 
un workable. 

"1 shall be holding early 
consultations to see if the 
retail trade can suggest com- 

S unday trading committee, 
said: “The demand is there. 
Last Sunday more than two 
million people went through 
the doors of our DIY stores. 

retail LTdur tan suggest turn- . . , _ 

promise proposals for reform -^f °t JJ* 

of the present Act which P°P u l al,on already buys 


would be guaranteed wider 
parliamentary support.” 

Another compromise move 
has come from the Federation 
of Multiple DIY Retailers, 
which is to campaign for a 
private member's Bill to open 
DIY and garden centres. 

Mr Malcolm Parkinson, 
chairman of the federation’s 



He said: 
enforced n : 
nesses will 
able and 

illegally on a 

Tories who opposed Government 

The Conservative MPs who 
rebelled against the Bill were: 

Jack. Asphiwali rwanMlyke): An- 
thony Beaumont -Dark iBtrmliMluin 
Sells Oakr. William Benvon (Mllion 
KevnesK David Gilroy Sevan iBir- 
minglum Yardtevi: Joint Btggs- 
DaiKOn (EpmiHj Forest i; Richard 
Body (Holland with Boslonr Andrew 
Bowden iBnqhion Kemptowni: 

Sir Bernard Brain* (Castle Point i: 
Prior Bruimrts iLeicesirr EaslJ. Sir 
Adam Buiier iBoswonhr John Car- 
lisle iLuion North v Michael Clark 
iRochfordi: Patrick CormacJt (South 
Stafiordsiuret Terry Dtcks (Ha>ey 
and HarUngtonc Den Dover iChorlcyi: 
FVicr Fry (VVeHingborougin: Roger 
Cate (Thanei North (: Sir Philip 
Good hart (Beckenham): 

Sir Raymond 
Glamorgan i. Sir 

Gower (Vale of 
Anuiony Cram 

(Cambridgeshire South WkIR .Harry 
Greenway i Ealing North r. Co rial Greg- 
ory i York i: Peter Griffith^ (Paris- 
mouth North) John Kannam (Exeierc 
David Hams. (Si ivev. Rodcti Harvey 
iCtvwd Sr-cih West r curls Hawkins 
(High Peafci. Terence Higgins (Wor- 
thing'- Kenneth Hind o^ncashir* 

Douglas Hogg (Granihami: Andrew 
Hunter 'Baslngslokec Charles Irving 
iChenenhamr. Toby Jewel (Twick- 
enham): Gwiiym Jones (Cardiff 
North): Elaine kelleii Bowman (Lon- 
easier). Dame Jill Knight (Birmingham 
Edqbasioni. Michael La mam (Ruiiand 
and Mellon): Sir Kenneth Lews 
i&iamford and Spalding c Michael 
McNair Wilson (Newbury*: 

Huml/vy .Volins (Croydon . North 
WcsK. Robin Maxwell Hyslc-p 
iTivertonr Sir Peier Mills (W*m 
D evon and Tomdgci: Michael Moms 
(Northampton South,. Roger Moaie 

iFavershorm. David Mudd (Falmouth 
and Camborne c Chnstonher Murphy 
iWeiywn and Hauidd): Janies 
Pawsey (Rugby and Kenilwortlu: 
Elizabeth Peacock iBoDey and Spent: 
John Pouirv (Norwich Soulhi: 

Francis Pim (Cambridgeshire South 
East) Jonathon Soyeed iBrbiol Conti; 
Michael Sherbsy (Uxbridge). Ivor 
Sionbrook i Orpington): Lewis Stevens 
iKun colon • John Stokes (Halesowen 
and Slourbrmpei: Sir Peter Tapsell 
• Lindsey East). Edward Tay lor (South 
end Easn. Stefan TerlezU (Cardiff 
Wesli. Patrick Thompson (Norwich 
North*: Nell Thorne iUford South): Sir 
William van Slraubenaee 
■Wokingham •: Sir Gerard Vaughan 
(Reading Easii; Peter Vlgpers (Gos- 
port >. Sir Put lick Wall .Beverley); 
John Whitfield iDewsburyt: John 
Wilkinson i Rinsl Ip-North wood i: Ann 
Wlnienon (Congieion). and Nicholas 
Winlerton i Macclesfield). 

"If the law is now 
many busi- 
>me unprofit- 
hundreds of 
thousands of small shops will 
go to the wall." 

He suggested that up to 
50.000 jobs could be at risk. 

Open Shop, which has cam- 
paigned for freer Sunday 
opening backed by six big 
store chains, said it would 
increase its efforts to find a 
“fair, sensible and workable 
solution in the public 

Mr Nigel Whittaker, its 
director, said: “The current 
law is untenable. If complaints 
3 re lodged against those open- 
ing illegally on Sunday, local 
authorities can be obliged to 
enforce the Jaw. We are con- 
ceivably faced with the spectre 
of a wave of such complaints." 

Profit for 
S Wales 
pits after 
26 years 

The South Wales coalfield 
has shown a profit for the first 
time in 26 years. Last month, 
the area’s 17 pits made 
£850.000 profit compared 
with average monthly losses of 
more than £8.5 million in 
three years before the miners 

strike.' _ , 

productivity among South 
Wales miners, the most mili- 
tant during the year-long dis- 
pute. has also climbed by 45 
per cent , _ . „ . . 

The National Coal Board in 
South Wales yesterday 
claimed it was the biggest 
financial turnaround by any 
industrial enterprise in the 
United Kingdom in modem 
times. _ 

Mr Cliff Davies, the area 
director, said: "The entire 
industry is proud of this 
achievement. For decades, the 
coalfield has been the finan- 
cial millstone for the mining 
industry but those depressing 
days are past" 

Mr Davies hopes that the 
dramatic turnaround will en- 
able him to exert pressure on 
coal board directors and poli- 
ticians to approve the sinking 
of a new £85 million super-pit 
in Margam to serve the elec- 
tricity generating industry. 

Mr Davies maintains that 
miners in South Wales know 
that the fight for survival 
depends on their efforts. 

He explained that in 
1983/84 the area's 28 pits 
produced 141,000 saleable 
tonnes of coal per week at a 
productivity rate of 1.53 
tonnes per man-shift. 

Last month, the coalfield's 
17 collieries produced 145.000 
saleable tonnes per week at a 
productivity rate of 231 
tonnes. Mr Davies was confi- 
dent that the men would soon 
achieve an average output of 
4.5 tonnes. 

milk quota 

By John Yonng 
Agriculture Correspondent 

The National Farmers' 
Union is to stage a demonstra- 
tion in London today in protest 
at what it sees as the 
Government's unfair policy on 
milk quotas. 

The depute has caused 
another riff between the NFU 
and the Country Landowners' 
Association, representing ten- 
ants and landlords. 

Since quotas were intro- 
duced just over two years ago 
as a means of restraining 
production, they have come to 
be seen as a financial asset. 

This means that a farmer 
who has been allocated a quota 
of, say, 350,000 litres a year, 
can claim that it is worth in the 
region of £40,000 and that, if 
he agrees to surrender it, he is 
entitled to compensation. 

But the sticking point is over 
whether the landlord or the 
tenant has a better claim to 
"own" the quota. 

In an attempt to resolve the 
dispute, the Government has 
tabled an amendment to tbe 
Agriculture BilL due to be 
debated in the Commons to- 
day. But its stated aim of 
giving tenants a "fair share" of 
the value of the quota makes it 
likely that almost every daim 
would have to go to arbitra- 

Unions back buy-out 
bid for Land Rover 

By Clifford Webb, Motoring Correspondent 

The three contenders for 
Land Rover submitted formal 
bids last night before the 
midnight deadline set by the 
BL board. 

The Land Rover manage- 
ment buy-out team won pow- 
erful support during the day 
when the three largest trade 
unions in Britain announced 
they' were seeking urgent 
meetings with the board and 
Mr Paul Channon, Secretary 
of State for Trade and Indus- 

try. to urge acceptance of the 
management bid. 

Unity Trust is prepared to 
purchase 10 per cent of the 
shares in a new Land Rover 
company to be held in trust for 
employees until they have the 
necessary funds. 

The other bidders are the 
Lonrho group and J C 
Bam ford, the North Stafford- 
shire construction machinery 

Local solution for inner city woes 

By Christopher Wannan Property Correspondent 
Greatly increased resources government over local author- working party, the association 

ilies. and argues for devolu- 
of power to 

from the Government and 
more local involvement, in- 
cluding expansion of the ur- 
ban parish network, are am- 
ong recommendations from 
the Town and Country Plan- 
ning Association which are 
designed to help revitalize 
Britain's declining inner cities. 

In a report Whose Responsi- 
bility.’ Rebuilding the inner 
enies. published yesterday, the 
association says a fundamen- 
tal obstacle to progress has 
been the increasingly strong 
controls exercised bv central 

lion ol power to give local 
authorities, working with the 
communities they serve, over- 
all responsibility for the prep- 
aration and implementation 
of strategies for inner city 

The association describes 
the Government's policies to- 
wards inner cities in recent 
years as “a dismal failure". 

Adding iu voice to other 
recent reports on the inner 
cities, including that by the 
Archbishop of Canterbury's 

says there is a fundamental 
need for more financial re- 
sources to be channelled to 
them, otherwise “within the 
very near future there will be 
further outbreaks of violence 
and the ultimate cost in real 
terms of renewing these areas 
will be much greater than it 
would have been". 

Whose Responsibility? Re- 
building the inner cities.! 
TCPA. 17, Carlton House 
Terrace. London SW1Y 5AS. 
£2.95 plus 50p p and ph 

Maths test* 
plan for 

By Luo' Hodges 
Education Correspondent 
The Government yesterday 
signalled its dissatistaction 
with primary schooling- aru* 
proposed to fund a siucy into 
what children should be ab!01 
to achieve in mathematics b,. 

the age of !L . . . 

This is expected to lead to 
the testing of children at the 
end of primary school to 
ensure that they are learning 
basic mathematical concepts 
and making progress. It may 
be bitterly resisted by educa- 
tionists and others who labour 
a stress-free life for children in 
primary schools- 
In a strong speech yesterday 
to Avon headteachers. Mr 
Christopher Patten. Minister 
of Slate for Education and 
Science, suggested, however, 
that primary school children 
were not stretched and ent^ 
lenged enough. 

Primary schools I good 

at personal relationships and 
giving pupils . 
tudes towards life, he said, but 
thev put insufficient emphasis 
on "science. In mathematics 
and language they concentrat- 
ed on too narrow a range ot 
skills with too Hide practical 
application of work related to 
children's expenences. 

Nothing fails children of all 
abilities, in the long run. so 
much as allowing them to gam 
praise for work which they 
know has cost them luile 
effort, and which they will 
discover eventually to have^ 
had little menu he said. 

Bids are being invited from 
the National Foundation of 
Educational Research, and the 
Universities of Exeter. Lon- 
don (King's College!. Notting- 
ham and Southampton for the 
research into setting targets in 
mathematics which will cost 

Times is 
barred at 
NUJ talks 

A journalist from The 
Times was barred yesterday# 
from reporting (he annuai 
delegates meeting of the Na- 
tional Union of Journalists, 
because of the dispute after the 
move to Wapping. east Lon- 
don. by News International, 
the newspaper's publishers. 

Mr Peter Davenport, the 
newspaper's northern corre- 
spondent. himself a member 
of the union, was asked to 
leave the conference hall in 
Sheffield soon after the open- 
ing of the first session of the 
four-day meeting. 

Mr Harry Conroy, general 
secretary of the union, said: 
"The position of the union is 
that we support the TUC 
boycott of News International 
titles until the dispute is 
resolved." g? 

Trust gains 
fort access 

The National Trust yester- 
day won a High Court action 
to establish a public access to 
an Iron Age hill fort and 
nature reserve at Figsbury 
Ring, near Salisbury. 

The trust was granted a 
declaration that it has right of 
way over a 500-yard truck 
leading to the ring from the 
A3Q. It also won an injunction 
banning a couple who own 
part of the track from prevent- 
ing access. 

MP to leave 

Mr Esmond Bulmer. Con- 
servative MP for Wyre Forest, 
has announced that he will not 
stand at the next general 

wytaK Tha Ttaws warms 

Austria ScJi 29: Belgium B Frs 50 
ada S2.75: canaries Pes 200 
__ . rus TO cents: Denmark Dkr g OO: 
Finland Mkk 9.00: France Frs 8 00: 
Germany DM 3,50: Gibraltar <SOp: 
Greece Dr l80: Holland G! 3.50: lr»n 
Republic OOo. Italy L 3.700: Luxem- 
bourg U 45: Madeira Esc 170: Malla 
55c: Morocco Dir lOOO: Norway hr 
9 52 : J? aW3lan Rb5 l8: Portugal esc 
170: Singapore SB BO: Spain pes 200: 
Sweden Skr 9.00: Switzerland S 
Francs 3 00: Tunisia Din 80.00: ISA 
SI. 75: Yugoslavia Din 400. 

Sale room 

Price for sculpture 
far exceeds estimate 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

An Egyptian princess with- 
out a head and with only one 
arm, although accompanied by 
her father's Foot, sold for 
Fr2-3 million (£209.000) in 
Paris at the weekend, multi- 
plying presale estimates three 
times over. 

The fine stone sculpture, 
standing 48.5 eras high, de- 
picts Princess Isis, the daugh- 
ter of Amenophis HI (M05- 
1370 BC) and dates from this 

It was bough! in Cairo by a 
French collector before 1914 
and therefore does not fall 
under suspicion of being a 
recent grave robbery like so 

many of the antiquities now on 
tbe market. 

It is the season for big sales 
in the French-speaking world. 
In Paris on Monday the 
collection of Jean Davray was 
dispersed and recorded some 
top prices for Italian 
raajolicha. A yellow and blue 

lustre plate from Derate deco- 
rated with a warrior in a 
landscape and dating from 
about 1520 sold for Fr420,000 
(estimate Fr300, 000-350, 000) 
or £38.200. 

Tbe Louvre pre-empted the 
purchase of a historic little 
watercolour of the Calas fam- 
ily by Carmontelle at 
Fr500.000 {estimate 
Fr600.000-800.000j or 
£45.500. Jean Calas. a Protes- 
tant shopkeeper in Tonlonse. 
was executed in 1762 for 
killing his son who had con- 
lerted to Catholicism. 

In Monaco. Sotheby's were 
selling books on Monday and 
Napoleon's copy of Les chefs- 
d'oeuvre de Pierre et Thomas 
Corneille sold for Fr444.000 
(estimate Fr300.000-400.000) 
or £40.108: while four impor- 
tant eighteenth -century works 
on anatomy by Gautier 
D'Agoty sold for Fr333,0OO 
(estimate Fr350.000-450.000) 
or £30.081. 


IF you haven't caught up 
Runner yet youte 
missed out on an entirefv ne tv 
type of sports magazine. 

tte here because todays runners run for 
the pure pleasure of feeling good. 

Month by month well help you to coax the best 
out of your body. 

Always at a pace thatb right for you and with 
plenty of fun along the way. 

In fact, it will be like having your very own coach- 
ing team fbrjust£LOO. 

For added value, this month we're giving away 
the first haffof a week by week running guide for 

Thb handy supplement includes tips on diets 
stretoiing shoes indMdual success stones and an 
A to Z of running 

ft doesn t matter if you're a hare ora tortoise, if you 
enjoy running you'll get a kick out of Today S Runner. 

meres a copy waiting at your newsagents today. 

T in* 5* 

. !i ‘ li % 

<1 -hi 


, K 






big investigation into 
Mafia currency deals 


Scotland Ya«i - By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

secret iransailanti?h?S ago_he began interested in 

Hon into a network nf.Sn S? 8 *!®' 10 Y ^!?' officers. _He mousehole.” 

■r gallon into a network of -shell *.» , '’jr — -*■ 

: companies and account “• been woikmrin- Honda, 
dering millions partiy undeT cover, with the 

dollars for the Mafia a 1~- Uiuted States’s Drug Enforce-^ 
:■ drag ““JAgewy to »ry.B> uncover 

criminal!.^ ^ d London condnrts- for the profits from 
: In the past week beroin and cannabis 

have flown to trafficking into the southern 

and ihc Bn„s°h Vi^, s S S United police 

m the Caribbean. S ofW? have also, tallred to a number 
-■ sifting through 170 ac- of other sources, 
counts uncovered on the Isle 

a very 


of Man. 

Police action in London is 
1 ■ UQ deretood to be imminent 
! arrests are expected in 
. Miami today by a special 
American detective task force. 

The operation, which began 
\ * more than a year ago, is so 
secret that only a few senior 
’ T ar ? detectives are privy to 
. - the full picture. 

■i The investigation is exam- 
imng the way proceeds from 
' • crime are passed through a 
L maze of accounts so that ii is 

• almost impossible to find the 
source. At least £10 million is 
thought to be involved and 

• possibly hundreds of millions 

of dollars. 

- Last week two officers from 
•- ihe Yard’s Cl 1 criminal intef- 
■ * hgence branch flew to Miami 
.. escorting a man on bail from a 
. British court accused of han- 
i. dling stolen money. The man, 
was given bail with the condi- 
tion that he helped the police 
.. and travelled to Florida. 

. They believe an American, 
m prison in Britain awaiting 
extradition proceedings to 
face charges »,i Florida, in- 
cluding three alleged murders; 
kidnapping and smuggling, 
can also help them. - 

In the Virgin Islands offi- 
cers, with the help of the local 
authorities, are tracking down- 
another section of the network 
buried within local finanriat 
institutions. They are also 
talking to a financier living in 
the islands. 

The islands are partly self- 
governing with a revenue of 
about S 14 million. In the past 
worries about illegal funds 
have concentrated on other 
islands such as the Bahamas. 
Police have been given access 
to at least six suspect accounts. 

The British operation began 
when officers started trying to 
track down money from the 
£26 million BrinkVMai rob- 
bery at Heathrow Airport in 
1983. As one senior -detective 
said: “We started by foDowing 
a little mouse and then got 

During the investigation 
Commander Philip Corbett 
bead of Cl I, and Det Chief 
Supt Tony Lundy, a senior 
Cl 1 officer formerly with the 
flying squad, have bad discus- 
sions -with American authori- 
ties. Mr Lundy is now in the 
British Vugin Islands after 
talking to Miami police. 

. Deputy Assistant Commis- 
sioner Brian Worth, head of 
all central C1D operations, has 
been briefed on American 
organized crime problems by 
the FBr and is in overall 
command of the operation. 
Yard officers say the whole 
investigation has been gener- 
ated by British detectives. 

Scotland. Yard has mar- 
shalled forces from Cl I. the 
flying squad, the fraud squad 
and the new specialist squad 
set up to deal with organized 
crime and specifically the 
current investigation. The 
squad, called Clf7) Task 
Force, is headed by Det Chief 
Supet Brian Boyce. 

Police believe they have 
found a network of companies 
and accounts which allow the 
movement of money from the 
United States to the Isle of 
Man and London and then 
out to the British Virgin 
Islands before its return to the 
United States. It is possible 
some money has been directly 
invested in Britain. 

Members of the Royal Academy selecting works yesterday for display in this summer’s exhibition, which will run from May 

Edward IMiddleditch, John Ward, 

31 to August 24. Left to right 

ol Hogarth, Norman Blarney and Patrick Symons 
(Photograph: John Voos). 

plea fails 

New lung cancer treatment 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 


A new form of treatment for 
lung cancer patients using the 
natural compound, interferon, 
shows promise of extending 
survival and may eventually 
lead to a cure, scientists said 

Up to 100 patients are to 
receive the treatment in a 
clinical trial planned by Impe- 
rial Cancer Research Fund 
specialists. If successful, it will 
be extended to other victims 
of the disease, which causes 
36.000 deaths a year. 

The treatment has been 
developed after scientists' suc- 
cess in growing Human lung 
cancer in the laboratory and 
studying the impact of drugs 
on tumours.. '■* - - . 

rmerieron is *a substance 
produced by Gfefoody to 

combat infections. So far it 
has been a standard treatment 
for only one rare form of 

But it has now been found 
iii laboratory tests to mate 
drugs used in the- treatment of 
lung cancer up to six times as 

“The effect of interferon 
when combined with anti- 
cancet drugs will be exploited 
to try for better results in 
patients.” Professor John 
Smyth, who will lead .the 
clinical trial, said yesterday. 
“The aim is much longer 
remissionor, hopefully, cure;" 

_ Professor Smyth, head of 
the 1CRF medical oncology * 
-unit in- Edinburgh, where the- ■ 
first patients' will soon be ‘ 

trpstoH. ad(int-' M nni!t.w:irv ' 

fjody-’ to treated; added: “Until we try. 

we can have no idea whether 
this treatment will work But 
the laboratory results are so 
promising that the therapy 
must certainly be tried in 

Lung cancer was an “ex- 
tremely vicious malignancy" 
and without treatment was 
fatal within a few weeks or 
months. Existing drug treat- 
ments have succeeded in ex- 
tending survival only up to 
one or two years. Professor 
Smyth said. 

The treatment was being 
tried in Scotland, which had 
“the unenviable reputation of 
harbouring the highest rate of 
lung cancer among men 
throughout - the world," - Pro- 
fessor SnWth said at an ICRF 
news conference in London. 

Although a farmer loved his 
animals more than his wife h 
did not give her grounds to 
divorce him, the Court of 
Appeal ruled yesterday. 

Lack of affection did not 
entitle Mrs Margaret Beasley, 
a mother of two. to end her 25- 
year marriage to Mr Patrick 
Beasley, of Boswell Close. 
Bere Regis. Dorset. 

Although she no longer 
loved her husband, had set op 
home with another nun and 
changed her name, she must 
remain married, 

It was the second blow for 
the former's wife. In February 
Judge WiUcock. sitting in 
Exeter, refused her a decree 
Lord Justice May, sitting 
yesterday with Lord Justice 
Ralph Gibson and Sir David 
Calms, rejected her appeal. 
Mr Beasley denied being 

Lord Justice May said be 
agreed with the original judge 
that although Mr Beasley 
“was not a demonstrative 
husband" the crux of the 
wife's case was that she had 
grown away from a husband 
Although it was accepted 
that the marriage bad broken 
down irretrievably, the fort 
that Mr Beasley did not show 
his wife the affection was not 
behaviour which gave grounds 
for 'a divorce, the judges said. 

Stop ‘traffic’ of 
handicapped plea 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

The Government's policies 
towards care for people with 
menial handicap have result- 
ed in a “human traffic" be- 
tween institutions which 
should be stopped, according 
lo a charily report. 

The planned scaling-down 
of such long-stay units, and 
transferring residents into lo- 
cal communities, has resulted 
very few closures, the 

residents, the report said. 

Almost 70 per cent of 
former residents were moved 
to other NHS hospitals, while 
only 5 per cent moved into 
local authority homes or 


Campaign for People with 
Mental Handicaps said 

The total mental handicap 
hospital population has de- 
creased by about 20 percent in 
the past 10 years, but this is 

mainly due to deaths of 

The Department of Health 
and Social Security should 
state dearly what alternatives 
to hospitals are acceptable, 
and people should be trans- 
ferred from one institution to 
another only in emergencies, 
the report recommended. 

Hospital closures in the 
Eighties (Alison Wertheimer. 
CMH Publications. 5 
Kentings. Comberton. Cam- 
bridgeshire. CB3 7DT. £2). 

10% levy 
on blank 


MP pays rent arrears 

Mrs Gwyneth Dunwoody, 
Labour MP for Crewe and 
Nanlwich. narrowly escaped 
eviction proceedings yester- 
day. by paying nearly £5,000 
rent arrears on her Barbican 

An attempt to repossess her 
two-bedroom flat was 
dropped, after counsel for her 
landlord, the City of London 
Corporation, disclosed that 

Mayors and City Of London 
County Court: “We have just 
received a cheque from Mrs 
Dunwoody’s solicitor for the 
total amount including ar- 
rears. interest, and costs." 

Mrs Dunwoody.former 
shadow Secretary ol State for 
Transport, claimed that she 
was the victim of a smear 
campaign, after it was alleged 
that as well as rent debts, she 
owed a £2,000 dining bill at 

«■-.*» »" d . Ihe Comraonsand mort li.eri 

earlier in the day. £1.000 rates on her second 

Mr Ian Duncan told the home in Crewe. 

By Bill Johnstone 

The Government has decid- 
ed to impose a 10 per cent 
levy on blank tapes. 

The tax. which will be 
levied on the retail price of 
audio cassettes with playing 
time greater than 35 minutes, 
is to raise up to £6 million a 
year, largely for the recording 

The tape levy was outlined 
in a White Paper on copyright, 
published yesterday. Most 
current copyright law is 30 
years old and cannot cope 
with the problems generated 
by new technology. 

The levy allows the public 
legally to tape broadcasts from 
radio which theoretically has 
been an offence since tape 
recorders were invented. 

Tapes used by blind people 
will be exempt from the levy. 

Other measures include: 

• protection for the copyright 
holders of programmes shown 
on satellite or cable television 

• protection to be given to 
computer programs; 

• patent holders will be able 
to protect their work through 
the Patent Office which will 
become a statutory body out- 
side the Civil Service: 

• a copyright tribunal will be 
set up to adjudicate over 
disputes on copyright 

A Surrey pensioner, Mr 
Leopard Bates, and Mr Gra- 
ham Madariane. a London 
bank manager, are among the 
first five winners of The 
Times* new Portfolio Gold 
share-price competition. 

The five winners each won 
£2,000 in yesterday's game. 
Normally, there is a daily 
prize of £4,000 and a weekly 
prize of £0,000, but 
yesterday's prize money 
amomited to £10,000 - £6,000 
because no one won on Satur- 
day or Monday, pins 
yesterday's £4,000 prize. 

Mr Bates, of Worplesdon, 
Guilford, said: “I have been a 
reader of The Times for 70 
years and have been playing 
the game since it started." 

Mr Macfarlane. of Pinner in 
Middlesex, said be is delight- 
ed with his “new found luck". 

Mrs Carol Boardman, a 
housewife and mother from 
Charley Wood in Hertford* 
shire._said she is thrilled to hit 
the jackpot Another winner, 
Mr Andrew Curtis, aged 26, a 
bank official from Highgate, 
north London, said he was 
particularly pleased because it 
is only the second time he had 
played Portfolio. 

The fifth winner is Mr 
Andrew Sharp, from 
Hadleigb, BeufleeL Southend- 

•If you experience difficulty 
in obtaining a gold card, send 
an sj.e to: 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times. 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

Remember that there is now 
£4,000 to be won every day and 
the prize money will accumu- 
late each day that it is not won. 
The new weekly prize is 
£8,000, and this too is doubled 
each week that It is not 

Seated time lucky for Mr 
Andrew Curtis. 

Dealer is 

fined over 

art fakes 

By Ronald Fanx 
A Scottish art dealer was fined 
£2.000 and ordered to pay 
£6.050 compensation at Edin- 
burgh Sheriff Court yesterday 
for carrying out an elaborately 
planned’ deception on an Ed- 
inburgh art gallery- 
A Jurv found that Peter 
Ross, aged 37. of Bellevue 
Crescent. Edinburgh, arranged 
to have paintings, allegedly by 
Scottish artists, sold to the 

They were identified as 

i ilk-* WWW — — 

fakes during an exhibition and 
* v Cc " * * 

Anthony Conduct was later 
sentenced to 18 months’ im- 
prisonment after admitting a 
fraud involving the paintings 
he had forged. 

The jury found that Ross 
was guillv of obtaining from 
Conduct ’nine paintings, or 
persuading another man to 
pretend he was the owner and 
arranging their sale thro u ^ 

the Henderson Gallery in 
Hanover Street. Edinburgh, 
where he was art adviser. 

Headmaster is 

sent to prison 

Cetyl Wyn Davies yester- 
day began his second prison 
sentence for sexual assaults on 
little girls in his care. 

Davies, aged 47, a headmas- 
ter. of The Square. Blaenau 

Ffestiniog, was jailed for is 
months by Mold Crown 
Court. North Wales, after 
admitting three indecent as- 
saults on schoolgirls under the 


‘helped hacker’ 

A tpp-level blunder allowed 
a computer journalist to pene- 
trate British Telecom's Prestd 
information system, a court 
was told yesterday. 

A secret identification code 
allowing access to secret files 
was left unprotected within 
the computer system, it was 

Mr Robert Schifreen, aged 
22. used it to get the confiden- 
tial identity numbers and 
passwords of every Prestd 
customer, Southwark Grown 
Court was told 

Mr Schifreen, who sub- 
scribed to Prestet under the 
codename “Bug Hunter”, Utt- 
er wrote an article on how 
easily he cracked the system. 

But Mr Schifreen, who 
works for a computer maga- 
zine, denied be did so for 
personal gain, and he accused 
Prestel of “negligence". 

Mr Austen Issard-Davies, 
for the prosecution,' said , a 
random experiment first gave 

information out foiled because 
he did not have the confiden- 
tial identity code and pass- 
word of the system’s manager. 
Nine months later be came 
across the code and password 
“lying around" in one of the 
private Prestel computers. 

When questioned by police, 
Mr Schifreen allegedly admit- 
ted making unauthorized ac- 
cess into the system from bis 
home computer, but claimed 
he had made Prestel more 
secure by doing so. 

Mr Issard-Davies said: “It is 
a bit like a burglar claiming all 
the credit for improved home 
security because the house- 
holder has put locks on all the 

He added it was “twentieth 
century" forgery because Mr 
Schifreen allegedly used some- 
one else’s computer identifica- 
tion, like signing someone's 
signature without consent 
It was Said Mr Schifreen 
passed on the information to 

him the telephone numbers of Mr Stephen Gold, aged 30. an 
Prestel’s private computers. ' accountant who also used the 
The telephone numbers private codes to crack Prestel 
were not published to normal, under the subscriber name 
subscribers, and only a few “Squeaky”. 

5S. But 

Mr Schifreen of 
Edwarebury Gardens, 
Edgware, north London, de- 
nies five charges of forgery. 
Mr Gold of Watt Lane, Shef- 
field, denies four similar 

people had access. But Mr 
Schifreen was said to have 
broken into the Prestel devel- 
opment test computer. 

It was alleged that he typed 
an experimental line of num- 
bere. all twos, when the com- offences, 
outer asked for a 10-digit The charges have been 
identification. It worked, and brought under section one of 
the computer then asked for a the Forgery and Counterfeit- 
four-digit password. ing Act 1981. 

He typed 1234 which turned The test case trial is the first 

out to’ be a test account and 
gave him access. But Mr 
Schifreen’s attempts to get 

contested case to go to court. 

The hearing continues 

Science report 

Memory jog for health in old age 

By a Special Correspondent 

A retired 


ailments of the eMeriy- The projert is supported fcy 

Tbet believe that by 

__ «r 'tip ew rne* tuu ouu **-~--*^ , » 

brmsed in flighted with- ^new-fonnd 
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bore- “THey«re made the i 





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Libyan crisis 

Thatcher statement 

Use of bases 

Why Britain backed US air attack on Libya 


After trying other means, the 
United Stans hod now sought 
by limited military action to 
induce the Libyan regime to 
desist from terrorism — a 
scourge of the modem age — and 
that was ia the British interest. 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher, the 
Prime Minister, told the Com- 
mons in a statement. It was why 
the Government supported the 
US action. 

The Commons is to hare a full 
debate tomorrow (Wednesday) 
on the US attacks oa specific 
targets in Libya during the night 
of April 14-15. 

In her statement. Mrs 
Thatcher made clear that having 

to the deployment of US 
aircraft from bases in the UK, 
she had reserved the position of 
the UK oa any question of 
fmtbcr action which might be 
more general or less dearly 
directed against terrorism. 

Mrs Thatcher told MPs that 
the Government had evidence 
showing beyond dispute that the 
Libyan Government had been 
and was directly involved in 
promoting terrorist attacks 
against the United States and 
other western conn tries, and that 
it bad made plans for a wide 
range of further terrorist 

The United Kingdom had iself 
suffered from Libyan terrorism. 
The House would recall the 
murder of WPc Fletcher in St 
James's Square. There was no 

doubt, moreover, of the Libyan 
Government's direct and 
continuing support for the Pro- 
visional FRA in the form of 
money and weapons. 

Two years ago (she wait on) 
we took certain measures 
against Libya, including the 
closure of the Libyan People's 
Bureau in London, restrictions 
on the entry of Libyans Into the 
UK, and a ban on new contracts 
for the export to Libya of 
defence equipment. 

Yesterday (Monday) the for- 
eign ministers of the European 
Community reaffirmed their 
grave concern at Libyan-in- 
spired terrorism and agreed on 
new restrictions against Libya. 

Since we broke off diplomatic 
relations with Libya we have 
had no choke but consistently to 
advise British nationals firing 

and working there that they are 
doing so on their own 

Onr interests there have been 
looked after by the Italian 
Government. Our representative 
in the Britsih Interests Section 
of the Italian Embassy will 
continue to advise the British 
commanity as best he ran. 

The US has tried by peaceful 
means to deter Colonel Gadaffi 
and bis regime from their 
promotion of terrorism but to no 

President Reagan informed 
me last week that the US 
intended to take military action 
to deter further Libyan terror- 
ism. He sooght British support 
for this action. 

He sought also agreement, h 
accordance with our long-stand- 

ing arrangements, to the use in 
the operation of some US air- 
craft based in this country. This 
approach led to a series of 
exchanges tnefoding a visit by 
Ambassador Walters on 

Article 51 of the UN Charter 
specifically recognises the right 
to self-defence. 

In view of Libya's promotion 
of terrorism, the failure of 
peaceful means to deter it. and 
the evidence that farther attacks 
were threatened, I replied to the 
President that we would support 
action directed against specific 
Libyan targets demonstrably in- 
volved in the conduct and sup- 
port of terrorist activities. 

Farther, that if the President 
concluded that it was necessary, 
we would agree to the deploy- 


meat of US aircraft from bases 
in the UK for that purpose. 

I reserved the position of the 
UK on any question of further 
action which might be more 
general or less dearly directed 
against terrorism. 

The President assured me 
that the operation would 
limited to dearly defined tar u 
related to terrorism, and that the 
risk of collateral damage would 
be minimised. 

He made dear that the use of 
F-l 11 aircraft from bases in the 
UK was essential, because by 
virtue of their special 
characteristics they would pro- 
vide the safest means of achiev- 
ing particular objectives with the 
lowest possible risk both of 
civilian casualties in Libya aad 
of casualties among US service 

Bombing unjustified as act 
of self-defence: Kinnock 

No cringing before Gadaffi 
without taking action 

Far from bringing the curtain 
down on Gadam’s reign of 
terror, as President Reagan had 
put it. the US action had caused 
bloodshed and damage to inno- 
cents and would result in a 
lessening of British and Ameri- 
can influence over even mod- 
erate Arab states. Mr Neil 
Kinnock. Leader of the Oppo- 
sition. said when he questioned 
Mrs Thatcher on her statement . 
Mr Kinnock asked if Mrs 
Thatcher had spoken directly 
and personally to President 
Reagan at any time before she 
decided that the attack on Libya 
by F-Hls could be launched 
from bases in Britain. 

Is it true (he continued) that 
the decision not to veto the use 
of bases in Britain for action 
against Gadaffi was made by her 
alone? Is it true that the Foreign 
Secretary was not told of the 
American action until Monday 

Is it true that the Cabinet 
overseas policy committee was 
not consulted at all until very- 
late last night? 

If it is true, the Prime Min- 
ister has treated her Cabinet and 
Government with the same 
contempt as shown to her by the 
President of the United Slates. 
Has she or her Foreign Secretary 
actually seen or heard the 
evidence of which President 
Reagan spoke in h is broadcast 
on television last night? 

Will she respond to the view 
held in all pans of the House 
that the maximum possible 
amount of the evidence on 
which her decision was made 
and that of the President was 
based should be made public? 

Even if there was such ev- 
idence against Gadaffi, last 
night's bombing could not be 
justified as an act of self-defence 
under international law. which 
required that armed response to 
aggression was immediate, 
protective and proportionate. to 
the scale of aggression. 

He asked Mrs Thatcher for an 
undertaking that she would 
refuse permission for the use of 
British bases for any further 
similar action by President 

Mrs Thatcher said she disagreed 
totally with Mr Kinnock and 
reminded him that the United 

States was Britain's staunch ally 
and kept over 330.000 troops in 
Europe to defend the freedom of 

The Foreign Secretary (he 
said) and the Secretary of State 
for Defence were in No 10 when 
the initial message from the 
President was received and we 
have acted together in knowl- 
edge of one another's views 
throughout. The overseas 
committee of the Cabinet met 
on Monday morning. 

Of course I have seen and 
examined our own intelligence 
evidence. We are naturally care- 
ful about intelligence evidence 
because to publish it will com- 
promise sources and may there- 
fore undermine our security. 

A certain amount has been 
given and 1 will try to see wc 
give as much as we can without 
undermining that security. To 
undermine that security could 
be very damaging indeed to the 
United Kingdom and to our 

I have indicated, and I know 
the United States lakes the same 
view, that the selection of targets 
demonstrably in connection 
with terrorist activity was 
within Article 51. That is my 
legal advice and I understand it 
is the legal advice of the United 

Mr Kinnock speaks about 
moderate Arab states. Many 
Arab states have also been the 
subject of terrorist attack and 
some understand very well what 
wc are doing. 

Mr Julian Amery (Brighton. 
Pavilion. C) congratulated her 
on the strong support she gave 
to their American allies in 
seeking to deter not just terror- 
ism but a terrorist stale which 
had been Britain’s enemy as 
much as the enemv of the US 
and of the moderate Arab 

The drastic action by the 
Americans yesterday (he said) 
will find its justification only if 
the terrorist state is finally 
prevented from continuing ter- 
rorism. Those who support 
Colonel Gadaffi are accessories 
to the murder of our police 
constable in this country and 
many other people in other parts 
of the work!. 

Mrs Thatcher: I am very much 

aware that if there were to be 
any further action it would also 
have to be justified under article 
51. Precisely the same rules 
would apply to any further 
action as applied to this one. 

Yes. some risks have to be 
faced in order to try to turn the 
tide against terrorism. The US 
has come to Europe asking for 
fiinher action and we in Europe 
have been the country which has 
already taken most. The US did 
not gel much of a response from 

Mr Darid Steel. Leader of the 
Liberal Party: Whatever the 
evidence, no doubt substantial, 
of Libyan past terrorism, in 
what respect does she expect 
that terrorism will be halted by 
what happened last night? 

How was it that the Foreign 
Secretary agreed unanimously 
with (he European ministers 
that increased military tension 
in the area would be dangerous, 
yet 12 hours later we have a 
substantial increase in military 
tension in the area. 

Did she seek to limit per- 
mission on use of British bases 
to military targets? 

The most appalling thing she 
said this afternoon was the use 
of the word “inconceivable" 
that she would ever refuse any 
requcsL Is not that a blank 
cheque to President Reagan? 
Mrs Thatcher We had direct 
evidence of Libyan past terror- 
ism in St James Square. Since 
then there appears to have been 
an escalation of terrorism and if 
MPs thought we were not firm 
enough about that particular act 
they should welcome the action 
that has now been taken and 
support that has been given. 

Not only did we say confine it 
to militaiy targets directly asso- 
ciated with terrorism, indeed 
the wards we used were “de- 
monstrably associated with 
terrorism", because we believe 
that to be within article 51. 

The discussion in . Europe 
between the Foreign Ministers 
took place on the basis that 
action might well be imminent. 
The Foreign Secretary argued 
the case for action in self defence 
but also for a stronger Commu- 
nity response. There was some 
further new actions but they 
were not very much. 

Sir Ian Gil moor (Chesham 
and Amersham, C) continuing 
the questions, asked: Since the 
great evil of terrorism is killing 
and wounding of innocent 
people, when she made her 
difficult and to my mind 
mistaken decision, should she 
not have stipulated that bases 
should not be used in attacks 
on targets in civilian areas 
which were bound to. and 
apparently seem to have re- 
sulted in killing of innocent 

Mrs Thatcher The targets 
chosen must come within the 
right of self-defence and Arti- 
cle 51 and must be demonstra- 
bly connected with terrorism. 

There are always some risks 
but if one fails to take action in 
self-defence because there 
may be some risks incurred, 
what people are saying who 
take that view is that one can 
never take any action to make 
state-sponsored terrorism 

In fact, one would have to 
cringe before Colonel Gadaffi 
without taking any further 

Mr Michael Foot (Blaenau 
Gwent, Lab): If she is so 
confident the American action 
was justified and legitimate 
under article 51, why did not 
she urge the President to go to 
the Security Council? 

Mrs Thatcher Because the 
Security Council has con- 
demned terrorism before and 
state-sponsored terrorism and 
the Security Council could not 
have taken any effective ac- 
tion and has not been able to 
take effective action to deter 
state-sponsored terrorism. 

It will do excellent words. It 
is not able to cany out deeds. 
Sir Peter B taker (Blackpool 
South. O: In view of the 
failure of past attempts to deal 
with the problem of Libyan 
terrorism, is it not perfectly 
dear that new ways have had 
to be found to deal with that 

In spite of problems related 
to the preservation of our 
inzeltigence. will the Prime 
Minister see whether more 
information can be published 
about the evidence we have?. 
Mrs Thatcher I agree that the 
actions we and other countries 
have taken so far have not had 
the effect of reducing Libyan 
state sponsored terrorism but 
it has escalated and we have 
solid evidence that more was 

I will see how much of the 
evidence we can place before 
the House, but 1 am not 
willing to compromise intelli- 
gence sources. But we will do 
what we can. 

Mr Enoch Powell (South 
Down, OUP): Has it not 
become dear from these 
events to the people of this 
country how flimsy would be 
our protection against the use 
of bases on British soil for the 
launching of nuclear 

Mis Thatcher No. I think he 
is asking about something 
totally different indeed. I be- 
lieve he knows it 




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Thatcher: Terrori sm a scourge 
of modern age 

Mr Cranky Onslow (Woking, 
O The world knows how 
Colonel Gadaffi has set himself 
up as the godfather of inter- 
national terrorism. Will she be 
careful when she considers the 
publication of evidence whether 
it has been obtained by the 
penetration of Libyan terrorist 
networks, the interception of 
their communications or 

It is a matter of great im- 
portance to us and many others 
that those sources should con- 
tinue to give us warning of what 
this mad dog may do next. 

Mrs Thatcher ( heed his warn- 
ing. Some evidence has already 
been published in the United 
States. I will look to see if there 
is any more which can safely be 

Dr David Owen, Leader of the 
SDP. said that as the Prime 
Minister went to the Security 
Council at the time of the 
FalkJands her strictures on the 
council would have been equally 
applicable then. She was at great 
pains always to act within 
Article 51. 

President Kennedy's laying 
the satellite photographs of the 
missiles in Cuba in 1962 before 
the United Nations bad a dra- 
matic effect on world opinion. If 
it did not risk too much, would 
Mrs Thatcher publish as much 
as possible of the information 
and, if necessary, override to 
some extent the natural caution 
of intelligence? 

Mrs Thatcher: We went to the 
Security Council to report our 
action under Article 51. Any 
action taken under that article, 
including any taken by the 
United Stales, has to be reported 
to the Security Council It is the 
country concerned that lakes the 
action. U is the report that goes 
to the Security Council. 

Mr Leo Abse (Torfaen. Lab): Is 
it not dear from all her state- 
ments foal her basic political 
infatuation with Reagan is lead- 
ing her to the misjudgements of 
a giddy girl? Why is she feeding 
the paranoia of Gadaffi and 
providing him with corrobora- 
tion of hb crazy conspiratorial 

Why provide him with a 
theatre in which he can place his 
self-immolating terrorists? Mrs 
Thatcher: He is asking me in 
(ace of attacks and planned 
terrorist attacks to refuse the US 
the right of self-defence: 

Sir Eldon Griffiths (Bury St 
Edmunds. C): Since most of 
these aircraft took off from the 
same bases in my constituency 
which gave us such valuable 
help before British forces landed 
in the Falkland^, will she make 
dear that the proper counter- 
measures are available to pro- 
tect local people from any 
Libyan revenge? 

Mrs Thatcher: 1 am very 
much aware of the courage of 
the people who live around the 
bases to which he refers in 
wartime and now. We are very 
much aware that terrorists, 
including those supported by 
Libya, have shown by past 
action that they have the capac- 
ity to make indiscriminate at- 

British military establish- 
ments and Government depart- 
ments have been placed on a 
High level of alert. It is im- 
portant for the public to be alen 
to the possibility of indiscrimi- 
nate attack and to report any- 
thing suspicious. States not only 
have the right of self-defence. 
There are times when they have 
the dutv to assert il 

UN ineffective against 
state terrorism 

Mr lan Gow (Eastbourne, Q: 
Does she recall that four years 
ago. faced with the impotence of 
the Security Council and despite 
criticism from within and with- 
out this House, she took mili- 
tary action to uphold the law? 

Does she further agree that 
the advice from Mr Kinnock 
and from Dr Owen to pul our 
trust in the Security Council was 
unrealistic and her decision was 
totally justified? 

Mrs Thatcher: Yes. I believe 
that the advice just to go to the 
Security Council would be to- 
tally unrealistic in taking action 
to stop state-sponsored 

The Security Council is not in 
a position to take effective 
action. The action to which he 
referred four years ago was 
action in which we received 
splendid support from the US. 
far beyond the call of duty. 

Mr Terence Datis (Bir- 
mingham. Hodge HilL Lab): Is 
she really saying under Atride 
51 the killing and wounding of 
innocent people with a bomb m 
a nightclub justifies killing and 
wounding other innocent people 
with a bomb from an Fill? 

Mrs Thatcher He is not giving 
the whole case. There has been 
un para I el led state-sponsored 
terrorism from Libya. There is 
evidence of Libyan complicity 
and it has been escalating. There 
is evidence that future attacks 
are planned. 

There is an inherent right to 
self-defence. There are risks 
involved in exercising that nghL 
If one never took any action 
because of the risks involved the 
alternative would be to be 
totally and utterly passive and 
supine before Colonel Gadaffi 
and anyone else who practices 
5 :a\c -sponsored terrorism. 

Mr John Browne (Winchester. 
C>: In the near future terrorisi 
overlords like Gadaffi will be in 
position to dispatch atomic 
bombs, if not by missile then m 
the cargo holds of scheduled 
erv Mian aircraft. 

In v iew of such a threat, there 
is a clear duty on our leaders to 
act with fortitude. It is ex- 
tremely unwise merely io tease a 
dangerous snake. It should ci- 
ther be left alone or killed. 

Mrs Thatcher. 1 believe there is 
no country other than Libya 
«hcre there is a government 
that has inspired such a 
remorseless campaign of terror- 

ist attacks and where .we have 
specific evidence of their 
complicity in these attacks. 

Linder the circumstances I 
believe the US was absolutely 
right and within its rights to 
exercise its right to self-defence. 
We gave the US our support for 
their action and our consent to 
their use of our bases here. 

Mr Jack Ashley (Stoke-on- 
Trent South. Lab y No counuy 
in the world has a better record 
for firm, intelligent and cal- 
culated responses to terrorism 
than we have. It is therefore 
incredible, in the light of that 
record, foal she should associate 
us with the emotional spasm by 
President Reagan which has left 
the world a more dangerous 
place and imperilled the lives of 
some British citizens. 

Will she please tell President 
Reagan that now she has paid 
her Falklandsdebt foe next time 
LIS bombers are used from 
Britain it should only be for 
Naio purposes? 

Mrs Thatcher: To leave a 
terrorist government sponsoring 
terrorism the world over secure 
in the knowledge that no other 
government would ever take 
any action or use foe right of 
self-defence would be to in- 
crease the danger of terrorism. 
Mr Cyril Townsend 
(Bexley heath. C): Most of the 
rcccm terrorist incidents involv- 
ing foe Middle East are due to 
the Abu Nidal group rather than 
Libya. Many of us are deeply 
troubled by her uncritical sup- 
port for foe US which has 
grossly over-reacted to provoca- 
tion. Does she not agree that 
over-reaction would only fuel 
terrorism, bitterness and 

Mrs Thatcher l disagree totally. 
The US had asked Europe to 
take other action against state- 
sponsored terrorism, it asked 
for economic sanctions, (tasked 
that «c should expel all Libyan 
People's Bureaux. Totally in- 
sufficient action was taken by 
Europe over the past many 

In the face of evidence of 
complicity of Libya in terrorist 
action and of evidence of future 
planned actions. I believe the 
US was right and had a duty to 
invoke its right to self-defence. 1 
hope he. too. will appreciate foe 
staunch alliance of the US in 
Nato and in defending freedom 
in this country. 

Britain cannot be 
supine or passive 
towards terrorism 


If Britain always refused to take 
risks because of the con- 
sequences then terrorist govern- 
ments would win and one would ' able to cringe before 
them. Mrs Margaret Thatcher, 
the Prime Minister, said at 
question time. She defended the 
decision to allow American 
bases in Britain to be used for . 
the launch of the American air 
strike against Libya early today. 

She said that to refuse to take 
action against terrorism would 
mean that Britain was supine 
and passive in the face of that 

I believe (she said) that in the 
circumstances the United States 
was within Article 51 (of the 
United Nations Charter) and 
exercised its inherent right to 
self-defence to try to turn the 
tide against terrorism and to 
discourage those who engaged in 
it and in state terrorism to desist 
from further attacks. 

Under the arrangements for 
the use of bases by the American 
forces, British agreement was 
required and sought. After dis- 
cussion ir was obtained on the 
basis that the action would be' 
targets within Article 51. 

Mr Robert litherfamd (Man- 
chester Central, Lab): By giving 
permission for the launching of 
FI I Is for a military attack on 
the mainland of Libya, she has 
not only broken the confidence 
of the European Community, 
and international law. but now 
has the blood of innocents on 
her hands. 

This bind of build-up of 
.American naval power in foe 
Mediterranean is a threat to 
world peace and she should 
divorce herself from Reagan's 
Ram bo policies in the area. This 
is not the answer to inter- 
national terrorism. These are 
foe questions nations are asking. 
Mrs Thatcher: 1 believe that the 
attacks which foe United States 
made on Libya were within the 
inherent right of self-defence. 
That was why we gave our 
support to that action and gave 
consent to the use of bases in 
Britain for that purpose. 

Mr Henry Bellingham (North- 
West Norfolk, Cy There is 
considerable concern in East 
Anglia about the use to which 
United States bases have been 
put. That understandable anxi- 
ety could be allayed if it is 
proved beyond doubt that 
United Slates raids were not 
contrary to Article 51 and were 
strictly necessary to meet Lib- 
yan attacks. 

Mrs Thatcher. I believe United 
States action against terrorisi- 
relaled targets was taken , in the 
light of evidence that further 
terrorist attacks were planned 
and were inherent self-defence 
under Article SI. 

Mr Neil Kuinock. Leader of the 
Opposition: The country will 
want to know as soon as possible 
what steps have been taken by 
the Government to safeguard 
the welfare of British citizens in 
Libya and in other countries in 
the Middle EasL 
Mrs Thatcher As soon as we 
broke off diplomatic relations 
with Libya following the St 
James's Square incident, we told 
our people who remained there 
that they remained there on 
their own responsibility. 
Representation there is through 
the British Interests Section of 
the Italian Embassy. Our repre- 
sentative will do his best to 
advise British citizens. 

Mr Kinnock said that not only- 
in Libya, but elsewhere. British 
people would be extremely 
vulnerable and proper safe- 
guards should given to ensure 
their security. 

Mrs Thatcher In terrorist at- 
tack there is no universal safe- 
guard. AIT posts have been 
alerted and security stepped up. 
Mr Dennis Walters (West bury. 

Cy While recognizing the 
frustration felt by the United 
States when dealing with the 
Libyan Government will not 
the effect of the American attack 
on Tripoli be to strengthen 
Colonel Gadaffi and weaken our 
moderate friends in EgypL Jor- 
dan and Saudi Arabia. 

Mrs Thatcher I do not believe 
it will have that effect. There has 
been state-sponsored terrorism 
by Libya for a long lime. 

Mr Tony Bean (Chesterfield. 
Lab): Is she herself standing at 
the dispatch box on behalf ofthc 
Government and condoning 
and supporting foe death of 
civilians in Libva who were 
killed by aircraft living with her 
consent from British bases when 
the House of Commons had 
neither been informed nor con- 
sulted nor given any approval of 
this act? 

way to deal with terrorism is to 
aet'iikc terrorists ourselves? 

Mrs Thatcher: The discussion 
was to secure targets and action 
proportionate to the threat and 
to secure that the action taken 
by the US was within Article 5 1 - 
Tnc US. and wc. believe that 
action was within Article 51. 

Could I refer him to the 
leading article in foe Daily 
Mirror yesterday — as robust a ' 
leader as ever I have seen. 

Mr Charles Morrison (Devizes. 
C): Two weeks ago there was a 
skirmish between the US and 
Libya. Yesterday there was a 
major attack by the US on 
Libya. Could she say what 
convinces her that this escala- 
tion in events will not continue. 

Mrs Thatcher There has been 
an escalation in terrorism tor 
some time and we have all been 
subjected to it in this country as 
welt as elsewhere. The question 
was at what time did foe L5 
attempt to invoke foe right or 
self-defence or just go on being 
passive and supine. 

Dr Darid Owen. Leader of the 
SDP: Under the Church ill-Tru- 
man 1952 agreement the matter 
of decision as to whether to use 
foe bases is a matter for joint 
decision and does that not lay an 
obligation on the Government 
to prove that Article 51 has been 
fully used and produce its 
evidence to the Security 

Mrs Thatcher The Security 
Council has of course con- 
demned terrorism but equally 
that condemnation has been 
without effect. Therefore is does 
not seem further condemnation 
by the Security Council would 
have any effect this time. 

He is right that foe arrange- 
ments under which US bases are 
used in this country have been 
foe same for well over 30 years 
and have not changed Under 
these arrangements our agree- 
ment was required. It was 
sought and. after discussion and 
question, it was obtained on the 
basis that the action would boon 
targets within Article 51. 

Dr Maurice Miller (East 
Kilbride. Lab): Did she consult 
our EEC partners, some of 
whom are members of Nato?. If 
not. why not? If she did. why did 
she disregard their views? 

Mrs Thatcher said the Secretary 
of State for Foreign and 
Commonwealth Affairs (Sir 
Geoffrey Howe) had been with 
some of the United Kingdom's 
EEC partners on Monday. The 
UK had not consulted on the 
use of this country's bases, 
because that was a matter for its 
own decision. 

' Mr Jonathan .Aftken fThanet 
South. O said Mrs That cner had 
taken a 'totally correct decision 
— (Conservative cheera) — to 
permit the use of British bases 
for the attack. Had she been 
influenced, not only by loyalty 
to an ally with a just cause, but 
also by the feet that there were 
fewer risks to Libyan civilians 
and US personnel by using foe 
much more precise equipment 
available in the shape of these 
aircraft available? 

Mrs Thatcher said that had 
been a factor. The decision had 
also been influenced by the fact 
that the United States had 
330.000' forces in Europe to 
defend the liberty of Europe. 
They had been subject to terror- 
ist attack and it was inconceiv- 
able that the Llnited Kingdom 
should refuse them the right to 
defend themselves. (Conser- 
vative cheers). 

Mr John McWiffiam (Blaydon. 
Lab) asked why the bases in this 
country had been used when the 
capability for the attack existed 
with the battie fleet nearer the 
coast of Libya. 

Foot: We acted like 
terrorists oarsehes 

Mrs Thatcher: That action by 
the US look place against 
continued state-sponsored ter- 
rorism by Libya and I believe 
foe US was entitled to use its 
inherent right to self-defence. 

Mr Patrick McNair-Wilson 
(New ForesL O LIntil some real 
progress is made in securing 
sclt-dctermination for the 
Palestinian people a cause to 
which l believe she is commit- 
ted — no amount of bombing is 
likely to slop friendly .Arab 
governments planning violent 
acts throughout the- world. 

Mrs Thatcher: We take as much 
action as we possibly can to 
further the peace process be- 
tween the Arab and Palestinian 
peoples in the Middle East and 
»c shall continue to do so. 

We have taken peaceful ac- 
tion against terrorism, much of 
which has unfortunately not 
secured its objective and the US 
decided to exercise, in the light 
of specific targets, its inherent 
right io self-defence. 

Mr Michael Foot (Blaenau 
Gwent. Lab): What discussion 
was there with the US about the 
acceptable level of civilian 
destruction and murder which 
might follow from an attack on 
Libya? Was there any discussion 
with President Reagan about 
these matters? 

Did she not try to restrain his 
action on that account? Will she 
now acknowledge that the xvorst 

Mrs Thatcher said the Fl-lls 
were more accurate on their 
targets. (Loud Labour protests). 

Mr Stefan Terlezki (Cardiff 
West. C) : Am 1 right to assume 
there is a strong link between 
Libya and the IRA which has 
resulted in the killing of so many 
innocent people in this country? 
(Loud Conservative cheers). 

Mrs Thatcher: The Lit 
Government supports the 
visional IRA. That is a factor 
that must be taken into account. 

Mr Demis Skinner (Bolsover. 
Lab) from a seated position: 
Thai means you will be bomb- 
ing Dublin, then? (Laughter). 

Mr George Foulltes (Carrick. 
Cumnock and Doon Valley. 
Lab): When the Foreign Sec- 
retary was trying to persuade 
our European partners to take 
firm diplomatic action, did he 
know that foe Prime Minister 
had already authorized the use 
of this country as a glorified 
aircraft carrier — (Conservative 
protests) — for the United 
States? Is this what Mrs 
Thatcher means by cooperation 
with our European partners? 

Mrs Thatchen We acted closely 
throughout — (Loud and pro- 
longed Labour protests) — We 
acted closely throughouL 

The United Slates had more 
that 330.000 forces in Europe to 
defend our liberty. 

They bad been the subject of 
concerted terrorist attacks and il 
would have been inconceivable 
to refuse them the right to use 
American aircraft and American 
pilots to exercise their inherent 
right of self-defence. 






Security alert • Pilot’s mission • Reprisal fears • Envoy’s warning 


■ 1 

J- • ' !■ A * 'i^'O ^ 
: j£¥v ' Ilia; 



:*.■ sal'-: •= 


Oik of 20 Fl-lls which took off from Upper Heyford, Oxfordshire, yesterday (Photograph: Julian Herbert). 

‘We were right’, flyer says 

Police put on 
alert for 
reprisals in 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 
Police and security experts Branch monitored - events 
are assessing the possibility of across Europe, examining the 
Libyan reprisals in Britain and intelligence from the West 

protection for potential targets 
is being tightened, from the 
US Embassy to sections of 
Heathrow Airport. 

As extra armed officers were 
brought on patrol, one defence 
expert canvassed the suffies- 
tion yesterday that Libya 
might use ihe Provisional IRA 
as proxy bombers because the 
Irish terrorists could owe Lib- 
ya a debt for past training. But 
a senior Scotland Yard source 
discounted the use of the IRA 
and pointed instead to a 

number of radical Arab re- extremist groups in a numoer 
gimes whtcb might help the 0 f European countries who 
Libyans. might act for them. 

The suggestion of an IRA 

from the West 
Berlin discotheque attack 
which triggered the US strike 
on Libya. 

The anti-terrorist branch at 
Scotland Yard was on alert for 
possible terrorist attacks but 
one source pointed out that in 
the past the Libyans have 
never mounted attacks in this 
country on US or British 
targets. They have always 
struck against opposition Lib- 
yan politicians. 

However, the Libyans may 
have contacts with left-wing 
extremist groups in a number 

At Heathrow Airport where 
a special police intelligence 
cell examines terrorist threats 
on an hourly basis, officers 
equipped with sub-machine 
guns patrolled part of the 
airport yesterday .They are 
likely to pay special attention 
to US flights, the target for 
attack in the -past . 

.:;A number of potential tar- 
gets, ’such as senior ministers 

involvement was made by Mr 
Robert Elliot, of the Institute 
for Strategic Studies, who 
noted that Colonel Gadaifi 
had trained, armed and fi- 
nanced the IRA. 

Police intelligence, howev- 
er. suggests that ihe relation- 
ship between Libya and IRA 
has soured. Aik), an attack on 
US -targets in Britain would 

rebound againsilJfie IRA in D — 7 - . 

the United States; where they .and US; diplomats, wfll have 
have received .considerable protection increased i from the 

-cadre of . about:- 7.0 Special 
Branch officers who provide 
armed police guards. The 
number of armed officers of 
the T>iplomatic Patrol Group 
used to protect embassies and 
other buildings win also be 
increased. - 

wives wait 
in fear 

The wife of a British. engi- 
neer jailed by Colonel 
GadafFTs Revolutionary Com- 
mittee Courts, spoke yester- 
day of her fears for her 
husband's safety. 

Mrs Grace Maxwell, aged 
38, said from her home in 
Glasgow: “I couldn't believe it 
when 1 heard the news about 
the American action. I just 
hope it doesn't have an adverse 
effect on Bob's chances of an 
early release. .. 

Mr Bob Maxwell was pot 
ander bouse arrest m 1980 and 
a year-and-a-hatf later was 
jailed for 12 years for espio- 
nage. The Libyans said he had 
leaked secrets in cetera for 
bribes. He denied all charges. 

The wife of an engineer 
jailed in Libya was also anx- 
iously waiting for news 

Mr Michael King, aged 34, 
of Anchtermiichty, Fne» *s 
serving five years for allegedly 
nns&esslma cannabis. 

finance for amts . 

Yesterday, senior Special 
Branch officers were in confer- 
ence much of the day discuss- 
ing the prospects for terrorist 
reprisals as the specialist Mid- 
dle East anti-terrorist intelli- 
gence desk within Special 

Pilots vote 
to ban 

An instant ban on airports, 
airlines or countries involved 
in future acts of terrorism was 
agreed by the 60.00(Htron| 
International Federation of 
Airline Pilots Associations, in 
London yesterday. 

Any further acts of terror- 
ism would risk pilots refusing 
to flv to offending countries or 
to airports from which terror- 
ist acts originated- Efforts will 
be made to bring other world 
aviation stafT organizations 
into line. Captain Reg Smith, 
of Canada, the JFALPA presi- 
dent. declared after ihe plena- 
ry session of delegates from oo 
countries. _ . . , 

Total support from Bntisn 
pilots was given by Captain 
Mike Oarke, chairman oi 
British Airiine Pilots Associa- 
tion < BALPA). 

I FA LPA had set up a special 
panel to deal quickly with 
terrorist situations as L they 
arose. Captain Smith said, but 
no action had yet been decid- 
ed in Libya's case. 

Aiiifte Doos for The Bind how 6,000 wet noses. 
IbeBlmd need thousands morel 

1 *i#*T a ewe*”, ftyjt money ,o good \rx 

.ve £250 tepstoraafapupW 

"We did a good job, we did 
what we had to do. How else 
do you deal frith a gay like 

The words of an American 
tanker pilot who flew from 
MildenhaU, Suffolk, to refuel 

saassst w 

j"H» n.ov^-' mrver - 

| — maie "‘o '*** hi 

rut jdu' *< i ' k 

doing the real job. I can tell 
you that the guys who didn't 
fly were jealous." 

When he arrived from 
Washington State in (he 
north-west United States three 
days ago in a KC125 tanker 

FI -II fighters in the attack on aircraft, the pitot thought he 
Tripoli and Benghazi, sum up would take part in exercises. 

the reaction of the United 
States airmen in Britain (Colin 
Hughes writes). 

The pitot said: “This mis- 
sion was the greatest thrill of 
my life. It is what we were 
trained to do, and here we were 

“No one was told that we 
were flying to Libya until late 
tost night, just before we 
actually went." 

He said each FI-11 needed 
seven or eight refuellings and 
that they had “probably" 

flown through the Strait of 
Gibraltar. “Our crew never got 
to see Libya. We stood off the 
coast waiting for the fighters, 
and helped the tost ones out to 
return to England." 

Sitting in a MildenhaU mo- 
tel bar, he added: “Even in 
.America before I left I would 
say that opinion was 50/50 
about whether the President's 
attitude was right, if we should 
go m there or not But we are 
servicemen, we have to do our 
job. and ft was right to do 

The crew of one of 16 Fl-lls which landed at USAF 
La ken heath. Suffolk, early yesterday after the raid. 

‘could be 
target for 

Britain could be a target for 
Libyan attacks as a resalt o* 
allowing United Slates planes 
to bomb Libya from bases ra 
Britain, the Libyan represen- 
tative to Britain said 

yesterday. . . 

Mr Salam Msaiam said: 
“I'm not going to say whether 
or not Britain will be a target, 
but before this attack the 
leader of the revolution (Colo- 
nel Cadaffi) said that any 
Mediterranean country whose 
bases are used for aggression 
against Libya will be a mili- 
tary target. " 

However. Mr Msaiam did 
rule out any reprisals against 
Britain or other foreign na- 
tionals. including Americans, 
living in Libya. 

Mr Msaiam came to Britain 
to look after Libyans after the 
death of WPC Yvonne Fletch- 
er in St James's Square. 

Bombing worries air base villagers 

Misgivings about the US 
decision to bomb Tripoli were 
being felt yesterday in the 
villages which surround the 
American air base at Upper 
Heyford. Oxfordshire, from 
which several of the US planes 
took off (Paul Vallely writes). 

Many local residents, even 
those who said they under- 

stood the need for action 
against Libya, doubted the 
wisdom of ihe bombing and 
expressed fears that their 
homes could become targets 
for terrorist reprisals. 

“People are afraid- Any 
facility used by American 
servicemen in Britain mav 
now be considered a target." 

Mrs Barbara Gibson, postmis- 
tress of Upper Heyford. said. 

Landlords of several public 
houses used by Americans 
said they intend to increase 
securiiy.“In the light of the 
Berlin disco bomb, it is a very 
real fear." Mr Alan Hendy. 
publican of the Fox and 
Hounds at Ardlcy. said. 

Mr Hardy deftly demonstrates that there's me 
to a Merlin phone system than meets the ea 


S ince his childhood, Ernest 
Hardy had inspired some- 
thing close to awe in 
ordinary mortals. His twin 
attributes of rare vision and 
uncanny judgement manifested 
.themselves as enviable good 
fortune. And the potency of 
these rare gifts was apparent 
today in the magnitude of 
Hardy's success. 


“Tell me, Mr Hardy” asked 
an over-zealous young graduate 
as Hardy swept through the 
office, “what sort of phone system 
do we have here?” Hardy 
stopped dead in his tracks. 

' “A Merlin IT440 from 
British Telecom'.’ Hardy won- 
dered if the question was 
bom of genuine interest or idle 
flattery. “Andthere'salotmore 
to the IT440 than meets the 
ear”, he continued, “Let me 
explain. Traditionally, we use the 
phone system for speech, but the 
fact is that speech occupies only a 
fraction of a phone line's capacity. 
Human speech is of low 
frequency whereas data can be 
transmitted at much higher 
frequencies. The two can thus 
share the same phone line in 
perfect harmony. 7 ’ 

“Without interference?” asked 
the graduate timidly. 

Hardy smiled benevolently. 
“Without interference. In fact, it’s 

possible for several data signals to 
share a single phone line. Oh 
yes”, said Hardy. “With a Merlin 

Datelnet system from British 
Telecom you'll find you have 
plenty of room for data.” 



Hardy continued, “For short 
distances, say up to 10 kilometres 
or just around the building, a 
Merlin Datelnet system is ideal. 
But the phone lines don’t stop 
at the front door, do. they?” 

The young graduate shook 
his head, following Hardy along 
the corridor. “And so we have a 

range of Merlin Datel modems 
from British Telecom, all capable 
of transmitting data anywhere in 
the world, using the ordinary 
public telephone network!’ 


“But the abundance of 
our data demands something 
Ip-; even better.” Hardy led the 
'. graduate to a room at the end of 
die corridor and flung open a 
door. “Here is everything 
we have talked about in a 
single unit. The Merlin IT440 
from British Telecom. Voice, 
data and text all over the 
? 3 phone lines. Behold a fully 
integrated system. ’ 

The young man turned to 
look at Hardy. The IT440 was a 
truly remarkable system and 
he was a considerably wiser 
graduate than before. 

He was beginning to realise 
why they said Hardy had vision. 

Nlt-rim is British Telecoms exclusive brand of highly 
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supported by BT s outstanding service and technical back-up. 
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Europeans angry 

@ Reagan explains ® Bomber lands in Spain 

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Libyan searching through the rubble of homes destroyed during yesterday morning’s American ajr raid on Tripoli. 

French Embassy in Tripoli, damaged by the bombing 

The EEC 



Slap in the face’ dismays and 
angers European politicians 

t 4 I • F 111 in emergency landing 

From Richard Owen account of the reasons for the 
Brussels American action" yesterday 

_ . .. bv Mr David Abshire, their 

There was widespread dis- Ameri can colleague, 
ay and even anger among A Nato spokesman empha- 

may and even anger among 

European states vesierday sized that lhis 

was not an 

oyer the Amencan bombing emergency meeting of the 

raids on Tripoli and Benghazi. Nato Council, but said that 
uhich came only hours after fsj a i 0 W as on ^e alert for 

an emergency meeting of EEC possible terrorist reprisals. 
Foreign Ministers in The Nato diplomats said the allies 

Hague had called for 
strain! on all sides". 

re ‘ had been informed of the 
. . American action, not 

The Netherlands, which consulted, 
holds the Presidency of the Europeans are angered that 

Council 01 Ministers, de- ^j r Reagan barely waited for 
scribed the Amencan action xiie Hague meeting to end 

as a "slap in the face" for 

Diplomats said that there 
was a real danger of a split in 
Nato as well. Nato states in 
the southern EEC — Greece, 
Spain and Italy — and West 
Germany are fearful of Arab 
reprisals against American 
bases and facilities. 

EEC officials said several 
member states were disturbed 
by Britain's decision to allow 
America to use bases in. Brit- 
ain. and will be seeking clarifi- 
cation of how much Britain 
had known before The Hague 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, will come 
under pressure to explain 
Britain's role when EEC for- 
eign ministers meet again 
tomorrow in emergency ses- 
sion in Paris to reassess the 
Libyan crisis. 

“Britain was caught be- 
tween its bilateral commit- 
ment to America and its 
loyalty to Europe", one diplo- 
mat said yesterday. 

Ambassadors to Nato in 
Brussels were given a "full 

before sending in the 

Dutch. West German and 
other officials confirmed yes- 
terday that they had not had 
foreknowledge of the raids. 
Herr Hans-Dictrich Genscher. 
the West German Foreign 
Minister, flew from The 
Hague to America to discuss 
the EEC measures, but his 
mission was rendered futile. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe offered 
repeated hints in The Hague 
that American action was 
imminent, stressing three 
points: that America had the 

right to act in self-defence 
under Article 51 of the UN 
Charter that there was no 
"moral equivalence" between 
Libyan-backed terrorism and 
"anything the Americans may 
do": and that if the EEC failed 
to act firmly it should "not be 
surprised" by American 

Mr Hans van den Broek, the 
Dutch Foreign Minister, said 
that Holland "deeply 

new mood 

at joint base near Cadiz 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 

One of the US F 1 1 1 bomb- flown from the Saragossa base 
ers which left from Britain for to help to refuel US aircraft 

From Mario Modiano 

the attack on Tripoli made an 
emergency landing a few 

involved in the strike. 

The Fill was said to have 

Greece yesterday deplored 
the American attack on Libya 
and called for an emergency 
meeting of European foreign 
ministers to consider the "ab- 
normal and dangerous" situ- 

hours later at the US-Spanish developed engine trouble on 
air and naval base of Rota, the outward flight to Libya 

near Cadiz. Spanish defence and turned back, and then 

sources revealed yesterday. requested permission to land 

Senor Felipe Gonzalez, the at Rota. 

Spanish Prime Minister, told a According to reports here. 

press conference at which he the F 1 J ! had jettisoned its 
made clear his disagreement bombs in the sea before asking 

Mr Karolos Paponlias, the with the United States' melh- to land. 

' J* W8T5 fore'S 0 Minister, criticized od of air strikes, that the Fill A Spanish defence spokes- 

so soon after the EEC had 
urged a political solution. 

Britain and France, without 
naming them, for haring failed 

had not taken part in the man said that as soon as the 

Why Nato allies could 
fee left in the dark 

Al the European Parliament t0 iu f onn Athens that they 
in Strasbourg Senor Ennque 0 f the raid in advance. 


repairs were completed the 

There were doubts here aircraft would leave the base. 

Baron, leader of the Spanish "in breach of the moral canons 
Socialist Group, accused Bnt- governing European political 

about the official version, but Senor Gonzalez declined a 

From Frederick Bonnart, Brussels 

The American F 111 air- 
craft in Britain and the Sixth 
Fleet in the Mediterranean 

case that means SHAPE, near 
Mods in Befgiom, from where 
Allied Forces Europe are 

ain of double-dealing. 

He said Spain could not 
trust Britain and was con- 
cerned about use of the British 
base at Gibraltar. 

The leader of the West 

the Prime Minister insisted Spanish reporter's invitation 
that Spanish airspace was not to condemn the British Gov- 


Greece "feels obliged to 
express its disapproval of the 
American operation, which 
undermines the international 
legal order without, however. 

used during the raid, and that eminent for its attitude, say- 
no US tanker aircraft had ing that he did not know the 

precise judicial status of 
American base installations in 

The Prime Minister re- 
vealed that Mr Vernon Wal- 
ters. the US special envoy, had 
asked Madrid for permission 
to use the Spanish base facili- 
ties in the event of a conflict 
when the two met in Madrid 
on Saturday, and that he was 

Unusual air activity over 
the Strait of Gibraltar is 
understood to have been re- 
ported to the Prime Minister, 
but he said yesterday that he 
learned of the bombings first 
from news agencies. 

Senor Gonzalez said that he 
did not believe a military risk 
now existed for Europe. 

belong to the category of commanded. 

"Nato assigned or earmarked The problem was simplified 

German group of Socialist * tZ hZ't 

MEPs, Herr Geid Walter, said ™"^ f L rnr Um- ! 
that Colonel Gadaffi's actions Mr 

forces" which would come 
under Nato command in a 
crisis or in time of war. 

by the fact that the Command- 
er-in-chief of the US forces in 
Europe (and therefore in 

were “mad" but that Mr 
Reagan's equally insane ac- 
tions threatened the political 
basis of Nato. 

against .terrorism, ' Mr 
Papoulias said. 

The reaction from Athens, 
which was combined with an 
emphatic condemnation of ter- 


Rome says 
US risks 




In peacetime they remain charge of this operation) and 

under national command, and the Supreme Allied Com- the British Conservative 
are therefore available to a mander Europe is one and the group, said he regretted ihal 
nation for its own purposes. same person — General Ber- “our American friends" had 
Provided they remain avail- nard Rogers. succumbed to emotionalism, 

able for Nato use within the The only exceptions to this and that exercising their right 
planned time frame there system are certain air defence of self-defence would not have 
would be no need for prior forces ou permanent alert and the desired eftect of end ing the 
consultation. completely integrated interna- spiral of terrorist violence. 

Sir Henry Plumb, leader of rorisra, was unusually ntild 
the British Conservative and evidently in line with the 

fanaticism confirmed 


However, as these American tiooal units snch as the Early 
forces are integrated fully into Warning Force with its Awacs 

the desired effect of ending the 
spiral of terrorist violence. 

Some Conservative MEPs 
praised the American action, 
but British Labour members 

allied contingency planning, it aircraft, international comma- but British Labour members 
is understood that their with- nications elements and, of accused Mrs Thatcher of bow- 
drawal for a national operation course, the international staffs ing to the wishes of Mr Reagan 
would be notified to the allied at Nato, SHAPE and subordi- rather than to the wishes of the 
command concerned. In this nate commands. British people. 

climate of "calmer waters" in 
US-Greek relations. 

It is even more significant 
that the Socialist Party, which 
often voices the Government's 
more radical opinions, was 
also moderate in its criticism. 

An increased state of alert 
was declared at US bases near 
Athens and on Crete. Service- 
men were seen in steel helmets 
and camouflage fatigues for 
the first time since the bases 
were set op 33 years ago. 

From Peter Nichols 

From Diana Geddes 

West Germany 

Kobl stops 
just short 
of praise 

From Onr Correspondent 

. t • fL " 

Concern of ministers 
stated in The Hague 

The World 

The following is the text of diplomatic and consular mis- 
ihe communique issued by sions: 

Arabs rally round Gadaffi 

By Our Foreign Staff 

EEC foreign ministers to Reu- 

E*!!"! 1 Tlle Tripoli as concern heightened mation Minister, Mr Muham- 

H &arcment°by Ministers of d^,a™,o°n 

foreign Affairs of the Twelve I9S6 they reaffirm that no 1 .2 

• Stricter visa require- 
ments and procedures. 

Arab nations rallied round 

Libya over its Gulf war with 

In Amman. Jordan's Infor- 

a tracks “mav lead to more 

on international terrorism and 
the crisis in the Mediter- 

1. The Twelve are gravely 
concerned by the increased 
tension in the Mediterranean 
created by the recent acts of 
terrorism.’ They met today to 
concert common action ag- 
ainst this scourge. 

1 They consider that states 
clearly implicated in support- 
ing terrorism should be in- 
duced to renounce such 
support and to respect the 
rules of international law. 

arms or other military equip- cT" 
mem will be exported to ca ?-_ 

Libyk. Itav .ilS™ "lid™ 

dr* pvprvrhino within came from Libya s uaditional 

tionals throughout the Middle dangerous results" while 
East. Kuwait’s parliament urged 

Criticism of Washington Arab nations to close ranks to 

defend Arab sovereignty and 

do evervthine wilhin ih<*ir hwh uuja s houiuwioi U '- 1 V IU ™ **■'»■•**« j 

llrlnS allies - Syria and non-Arab lemtonal nghis. 
fhl'ir naiinnlk ,ran “ 35 wel1 « from Egypt, President Ala Abdullah 

dn not In v ro ils political adversary, and SaJeb of North Yemen and the 

ad v a n m eSurSTi n Irom Saudi Arabia, which has visiting Palestine Liberation 

often differed with Colonel Organization chairman. Mr 

Arab League foreign minis- 
ters are expected to meet in 
Tunis in the next few days to 
discuss a Libyan request to 
invoke a joint defence pacL 
Israeli leaders welcomed 
the strike, but denied that 
Israel had any prior knowl- 
edge of the attack or that it had 
been involved in any way. 

Black African states reacted 
slowly to the attack, and their 
comments were generally 

They call upon Libya to act 


reaction to terrorist attacks 
and other terrorist activities. 
They reserve the right to 
consider whether further mea- 
sures may need to be taken. 
No country which fends sup- 
port to terrorism can expect to 
maintain normal relations 

Gadaffi's policies. 

There was no reaction from 
Iraq, which is al odds with 

Organization chairman. Mr 
Yassir Arafat called for an 
Arab summit to discuss the 

The shock felt in Italy after 
the American attack was ex- 
pressed by Signor Belli no 
Craxi. the Prime Minister, 
who said that “far from weak- 
ening terrorism, military ac- 
tion risked provoking exp- 
losive reactions of fan- 

He had come directly from 
a Cabinet meeting, so his. 
statement may be taken as 
having been approved by his 
coalition- colleagues. 

Shortly before he spoke, the 
Vatican confirmed that Mon- 
signor Giovanni Martinelli. 
the Apostolic Vicar of Tripoli, 
who was arrested on Thurs- 
day. had been freed. It is 
thought that four members of 
religious orders arrested with 
him had also been released. 

Throughout the country 
yesterday there were sponta- 
neous protest demonstrations. 

The country's three trade 
union movements called fora 
Mediterranean conference on 
peace, security and the strug- 
gle against terrorism. 

The Communist Youth 
Movement had already 
planned a meeting on the 

French police were given 
orders yesterday to increase 
surveillance on American and 
British interests in the wake of 
the American bombardment of 

Mr Hamed Hondeiry, head 
of the Libyan People's Bnrean 
(ambassador) in Paris, Issued 
a warning that Britain would 
be held partly responsible for 

Most West German politi- 
cal leaders other than Chan- 
cellor Kohl criticized or 
condemned the American at- 
tack yesterday. But Herr Kohl 
stopped short of praise for 
President Reagan's reprisal 

He said that there were dear 
indications of Libya’s leading 
role in the encouragement 

hr>. ?:i!;n ca 
■. :■ t-rri 

the raid, in having^ "supported support and independent exe- 
and contributed in a direct cutionofmanyactsofinterna- 

The Japanese Foreign Min- crisis before the attack. But 
istry said Japan understood when 3000 people turned up 

America's reasons for the at the cinema, the meeting had 


to be moved outdoors. 

way" to the bombardment by 
allowing American planes to 
take off from British soiL 

Mr Hondeiry. said that the 
raid was a “barbaric act of 
agression against civilian tar- 

France has made dear that 
it felt under no obligation to 
comply with the American 
request to fly over French 
territory, as the decision for 
the raid was that of the US 
alone, taken without the ap- 
proval of its Nato allies. 

M Jean -Bernard Raimond, 
the Foreign Minister, con- 
firmed the French refusal to 
allow US aircraft to use its 
airspace. France, he said, 
"deplores that the^ in tolerable 
escalation of terrorism has led 
to reprisals which in their turn 
will relaunch the chain of vio- 

tional terrorism. That applied 
especially to involvement in 
the West Berlin attack. 

“The federal Goveiment 
has constantly rejected force." 
he added. "Biit-ihose who. like 
Colonel Gadaffi. continually 
preach and practise force must 
reckon that those, concerned 
will defend themselves against 

However. Herr Kohi's co- 
alition partner. Herr Martin 
Bangemann. the Free Demo- 
cratic Party’ chairman and 
Economics Minister, criti- 
cized the U_S action strongly, 
describing it as a “step for 
which understanding is hardly 
to be found". . . . 

Here Hans-Jochen Vogel, 
leader of the.Social Democrat- 
ic opposition, said that the US 
intervention filled him with 
greal concem and alarm. 

Reagan tells Americans attack is justified by evidence 

Libyan threats 

3. The Twelve are con- 
vinced that terrorist attacks do 
not serve whatever political 
cause the perpetrators claim to 
be furthering Outrages like 
the ones recently perpetrated 
on the TWa aircraft and in a 
discotheque in Berlin can 
never be justified. The Twelve 
vigorously condemn these 
outrages, deeply deplore the 
loss of innocent life involved 
and express their sympathy 
with the victims and their 

4. They also reject the 
unacceptable threats made by 
Libyan leaders against mem- 
ber’ states which deliberately 
encourage recourse to acts of 
violence and directly threaten 
Europe. Any action of this sort 
will meet with a vigorous and 
appropriate response on the 
pan of the Twelve. 

5. The Twelve have decided 
to act according to the follow- 
ing lines regarding Libya and. 
where necessary, regarding 
other states dearly implicated 
in supporting terrorism: 

• Restrictions on the free- 
dom of movement of diplo- 
matic and consular personnel: 

■l Reduction of the staff of 

with them. 

7. They have instructed the 
experts concerned immediate- 
ly to identify appropriate mea- 
sures to be taken by the 
Twelve, in particular, security 
measures, the application of 
international conventions on 
diplomatic and consular privi- 
leges and immunities and the 
safely of civil aviation. The 
experts’ report will be consid- 
ered at the Ministerial meet- 
ing to be held next week. 

8. The Twelve are increas- 
ing their co-operation with 
other states in the field of 
intelligence, the improvement 
of security measures and. 
generally. i° prevent acts of 

9. In order to contribute to 
eliminating international ter- 
rorism. ihc Twelve will use 
their joint influence in con- 
tacts with Libya and. where 
necessary, with other states 

10. They have decided to 
inform the Arab States and the 
League of Arab States about 
their conclusions and to invite 
them to analyse jointly and 
urgently the issue of interna- 
tional terrorism. 

1 1. Finally and in order to 
enable the achievmcni of a 
political solution, avoiding 
further escalation of military 
tension in the region with all 
the inherent dangers, the 
Twelve underline the need for 
restrain! on all sides. 

The following is a transcript 
of President Reagan's broad- 
cast address on Monday nighL 
as supplied by The Sew York 

My fellow Americans, at 7 
o'clock this evening Eastern 
time, air and naval forces of 
the United States launched a 
series of strikes against the 
headquarters, terrorist facili- 
ties and military assets that 
support Muammar Gadaffi's 
subversive activities. 

The attacks were concen- 
trated and carefully targeted to 
minimize casualties among 
the Libyan people, with whom 
wc have no quarrel. 

From initial reports, our 
forces have succeeded in their 
mission. Several weeks ago. in 
New Orleans. I warned Colo- 
nel Gadaffi we would hold his 
regime accountable for any 
new terrorist attacks launched 
against American citizens. 
More recently. 1 made it clear 
we would respond as soon as 
we determined conclusively 
who »as responsible for such 

On April 5 in West Berlin a 
terrorist bomb exploded in a 
nightclub frequented by Am- 
erican servicemen. Sergeant 
Kenneth Ford and a young 
Turkish woman were killed 
and 230 others were wounded, 
among them some 50 Ameri- 
can military personnel. 

This monstrous brutality is 
but the latest act in Colonel 

Gadaffi's reign of terror. The 
evidence is now conclusive 
that the terrorist bombing of 
La Belle discotheque was 
planned and executed under 
the direct orders of the Libyan 

On March 25. more than a 
week before the attack, orders 
were sent from Tripoli to the 
Libyan People's Bureau in 
East Berlin to conduct a 
terrorist attack against Ameri- 
cans. to cause maximum and 

Great success 
of mission 

indiscriminate casualties. Lib- 
ya's agents then planted the 

On April 4. ihe People's 
Bureau alerted Tripoli that the 
attack would be carried out 
the following morning. The 
next day they reported back to 
Tripoli on the great success of 
their mission. 

Our evidence is direct, it is 
precise, it is irrefutable. We 
have solid evidence about 
other attacks Gadaffi has 
planned against the United 
States' installations and diplo- 
mats and even American 

Thanks to close co-opera- 
tion with our fnends. some of 
these have been prevented. 
With the help of French 
authorities, we recently abort- 
ed one such attack: a planned 

massacre using grenades and 
small arms of civilians waiting 
in lines for visas at an Ameri- 
can Embassy. 

Colonel Gadaffi is not only 
an enemy of the United Slates. 
His record of subversion and 
aggression against the neigh- 
boring states in Africa is well 
documented and well known. 
He has ordered the murder of 
fellow Libyans in countless 
countries. He has sanctioned 
acts of terror in Africa, Europe 
and the Middle East, as well as 
the Western hemisphere. To- 
day we have done what we bad 
to do. If necessary, we shall do 
it again. 

It gives me no pleasure to 
say that, and I wish it were 
otherwise. Before Gadaffi 
seized power in 1969. the 
people of Libya had been 
friends of the United Slates, 
and I'm sure that today most 
Libyans are ashamed and 
disgusted that this man has 
made their country a synonym 
for barbarism around the 

The Libyan people are a 
decent people caught in the 
grip of a tyrant. 

To our friends and allies in 
Europe who co-operated in 
today's mission, I would only- 
say you have the primary 
gratitude of the American 
people. Europeans who re- 
member history understand 
better than most that there is 
no securilv. no safeiv, in the 

appeasement of eviL It must 
be the core of Western policy 
that there be no sanctuary for 
terror, and to sustain such a 
policy, free men and free 
nations must unite and work 

Sometimes it is said that by 

Y. • • ’? 

President Reagan: Libyans 
canghr in grip of tyrant 

imposing sanctions against 
Colonel Gadaffi or by striking 
at his terrorist installations, 
wc only magnify- the man’s 
importance — that the proper 
wav to deal with him is to 
ignore him. I do not agree. 

Long before I came into this 
office. Colonel Gadaffi had 

engaged in acts of internation- 
al terror — acts that put him 
outside the company of civi- 
lized men. For years, however, 
he suffered no economic or 
political or military sanction, 
and the atrocities mounted in 
number, as did the innocent 
dead and wounded. 

And for us to ignore, by 
inaction, the slaughter of 
American civilians and Amer- 
ican soldiers, whether in 
nightclubs or airline termi- 
nals. is simply not in the 
American tradition. When our 
citizens are abused or attacked 
anywhere in the world, on the 
direct orders of a hostile 
regime, we will respond, so 
long as Tm in ibis Oval Office. 
Self-defence is not only our 
right, it is our duty. It is the 
purpose behind the mission 
undertaken tonight — a mis- 
sion fully consistent with Arti- 
cle 51 of the United Nations 

We believe that this pre- 
emptive action against his 
terrorist installations will not 
only diminish Colonel Gad- 
affi's capacity to export terror 
— it will provide him with 
incentives and reasons to alter 
his criminal behavior. I have 
no illusion that tonight's ac- 
tion will bring down the 
curtain on Gadaffi's reign of 
terror, but this mission, vio- 
lent though it was. can bring 
closer a safer and more secure 
world for decent men and 

women. We will persevere. 

This afternoon we consult- 
ed with the leaders of Con- 
gress regarding what we were 
about to do, and why. To- 
night. I salute the skill and 
professionalism of the men 
and women pf our armed 
forces who carried out this 
mission. It's" an - honour to be 
your commander-in-cHief. 

We Americans are slow to 
anger: We always-seek peace- 
ful avenues before resorting to 

: -v * 

Reckless policy 
.of intimidation 

the use of force, and we did. 
We tried quiet diplomacy, 
public condemnation, eco- 
nomic sanctions and demon- 
strations of military force. 
None succeeded. Despite our 
repeated warnings. Gadaffi 
continued his reckless policy 
of intimidation, his relentless 
pursuit of terror. 

He counted on America to 
be passive. He counted wrong. 
I warned that there should be 
no place on earth where 
terrorists can rest and train 
and practice their deadly 
skills. I meant iL 1 said that we 
would act. with othere if 
possible and alone if neces- 
sary. to insure that terrorists 
nave no sanctuary anywhere. 

’ Tonight we have. Thank 
you- and God bless you. 

) a\j& 



Tlie attack # Libya’s options 

The air strike on Tripoli 




• US delight # Cautious Kremlin 

How the Americans struck in the night 

a shot can 

From RobertFisk, Tripoli 

-■ hnf m ■ J “ - . uie wnuua. 

£ : nd y. d « lsn «s traiHng a red glow. There was 

r» Sjfijy 1116 Aroenr just a momentary image of an 

~ ...American jet illuminated by a 

1 » sound so enormous sorav of flares over the sea. 

~y- t t !*# -- ' H 

ney iaaf 

Jar C 6 | 

i\ ;■? 

•O . , . w.ivllllVUO 

- that the detonation of their 

* bombs was almost inaudible. 

The firsr tremendous bang 
■ ' bad . that ' special precision 

• about it that one is supposed 
. to associate with Western 

technology. My watch showed 
-- precisely two o'clock. 

• There were at least five-jets. 
*- and pven when the third crash 
"Z of Sound had passed away still 
~ hot one anti-aircraft gun ted 
been : fired. As tech aircraft 
'* moved over the city, a bright 
Yellow-green- ball of fight 
would rise from the airport, 
followed by a vibration that 
shook the 10-stonry Kabir 
Hotel oh the Tripoli harbour 

- The first, anti-aircraft gun 

spray of flares over the sea. 

Still the streets, the harbour, 
even the ships in the port, 
were bathed in light The red 
and green signal lamps at the 
harbour mouth went on biink- 
ingstupidly. - 
. There was no way of know- 
ing then what the Americans 
were hitting, no way of realiz- 
ing that one pilot had dropped 
his bombs across the civilian 
houses of the Bin Ashour. The 

It took another quarter of an 
hour before the streets filled 
with motorists, all driving 
fast, presumably in search or 
relatives. It took even longer 
before someone thought of 
enforcing a blackout and 
turned on the city's electricity 

Did Colonel Gadaffi not 
think the Americans would 
come? An hour or so later, 
Libyan radio announced that 
some members of his family 
had been wounded, but that 
the man who likes to be the 

; •: MMh-air refusing 

■ i by tanker planes 

■ from MUdenhaU V; 
".and Fatrford 

[: Monday 7 pm: US strike force 
; leaves Lakanteath and Ui - t 
■ Upper ftoyford air bases v : b 


I Tuesday Sam approx: 

' F-llls return to bases 

A) Junta kitriye 

barracks .j 


military airfield 




explosions went on erupting great revolutionary thinker 


across the city. 

Only with the fifth jei was 
there an arc of tracer from two 
or three Libyan guns, but this 
time the sound of the plane 

was safe. 

Across the bay at dawn bis 
naval crews, who had re- 
mained idle all night during 
the attack, fired off thousands 

• ''"tP ‘.^jTALY y 


• 'SEA j / Tuesday: Libyan attack on- 

• v^V.-.- y Mmnunications- ' 7*v 4 , 

^ w'*-' ' station a _ 

US Sbctti 

moved towards Colonel Gad- of anti-aircraft rounds from 
affi's Azaziya Barracks resi- their gunboats, until the sky 

Key facts about Libya: 

• POPULATION: 3.22 mfl- 
lion (1982 official estimate). 
Sunni Islam is state religion. 

• AREA: 685^24 sq miles. 

• ARMED FORCES: 73,000 
(selective conscription). Army 
58,000, including armoured, 
missile and artillery 
batal lions. Navy 6300, six 
Soviet submarines, one large 
combat vesseL 24 surface and 
coastal patrol craft Air force 
8300, some S35 combat air- 
craft 42 helicopters. Reserves: 

am s Azaziya Barracks rest- meir gunboats, until the sky 
dence, followed by a. rumble of was filled with flashing pin- 
■ ' 1 . points of light 



40,000 militia, 


Someone loosed off some 
rockets across the city. There 

, A1 Azziziyati barracks 


. Skfi Bilal.-, 

• ECONOMY: Member of were rumours of a coup 
Opec. Last production quota attempt Did the Americans 

\:port facility. 

r Tuesday 1anu;^t“ 
Attack begins =■ ^ 


,A 6 and A7 aircraft 
from carriers . : . 
attack Benghazi . 

990.000 bpd (2m in 
1 979)3 ince 1980 oil earnings 
have dropped by 40 per cent 
and father drop is expected 
this year. 

Gained independence in 1951 
after a decade of British and 
French rule. Colonel Gadaffi 

have friends on the ground, 
some “wandering dogs", as 
Colonel Gadaffi called his 
Libyan opponents? 

Apparently not The last 
purposeless display of fire- 
power was more likely intend- 
ed to persuade the people of 
Tripoli that its armed forces 




rMilttaiy side of 
Tripoli airport 



seized power from King Idris had defended them. 

in a 1969 military coup. 

then, it seemed, artifice had to 
become part of reality. 

Opec meets in Geneva 

Gadaffi seeks oil embargo 

From David Young 

He said that Arab oil ex- 
ports to Britain should also be 

Britain would also have little 
effect. Prices would inevitably 

The Arab oil producers country . which co-operated 
have been asked to impose an wjtfj airport facilities for US North Sea output is 
embargo on exports to the military aircraft should have enotighlo meet demand 
United States and to any exports halted Ii is far from certair 

country which supports it in However, several Arab dele- Libya win win much su 

its campaign against Libya. gates have acknowledged that within Opec Delegates 

The Libyan oil minister* Mr the oil. weapon has been theGulfcountriesare.hi 
. Fawzi Sbakshouki, who is in blunted The present situation er, acknowledging that 
Geneva for the emergency of over-supply. -which has many states do not fi 
mceiingof iheOrvanizatiotujf driven prices down, has cut 
Petroleum Exporting Xoun- Arab .sales to. the US to 
tries {Opec). said yesterday ; -600.000 barrels a day, which 

embargoed and that any other rise as cheap cargoes were 
country . which co-operated removed from the market. but 

600.000 barrels a day, which 

that he would be askings for ■ Mexico and -Canada would 
Opec again to use the .oil . gladly step in to supply. • 

weapon against the US. 

An embargo on teles to 

North Sea output is high 
enough , to meet demand 
It is far from certain that 
Libya win win much support 
within Opec Delegates from 
the Gulf countries are. howev- 
er, acknowledging that while 
many states do not favour 
Colonel Gadaffi’s brand of 
politics, the involvement of 
civilian casualties in an Arab 
country makes it impossible 
for them hot to support calls 
for an embargo. 

The armoury 

Libya has 
to hit back 

By Rodney Co wtou 
Defence Correspondent 

Although it is assumed that 
If Libya wished to retaliate 
against the air attacks itwonld 
do so by terrorist action, it 
does at least have the theoreti- 

cal ability to mount more 
conventional military attacks *' Tj 

~ Y *' if.." ■'*' 

Myth of 

Strains between allies 

Kremlin caution likely 
to override rhetoric 

Continued from page I 

and the cars which had been 
tossed haphazardly around the 
streets by the bombs. A mid- 
dle-aged man in a red tarbush 
hat gingerly approached us, 
and, quietly and very pofitdy 
as if excusing himself for 
something insulting, said 
“You know this. This is a 
civilian area. How coaid they 
have done this?" . 

Western security experts re- 
mained confident yesterday 
that the Kremlin would balk 
at any oven military moves 
on Colonel GadaffTs behalf 
despite the fury with whit* it 

denounced the US bombing. 
The Kremlin’s caution, fo 

The Kremlin’s caution, for 
the second time in a month, 
was well disguised behind a 

By Christopher Walker 

r experts re- last month when a senior 
: yesterday Soviet foreign ministry official 
would balk disclosed that plans first an- 
lary moves nounoed in 1983 for a friend- 
ffi's behalf ship treaty between Moscow 
ith which it and'Tripou had been dropped. 

When Colonel Gadaffi vis- 
iied Moscow in October the 
? , strains were occasionally visi- 

Me. notably when he failed to 

against Europe. - 

It has six Russian Foxtrot 
diesel-powered submarines, 
each carrying 22 torpedoes 
and with a cruising range of up 
to 20,000 miles. They are, 
however, noisy, and therefore 
not likely to be very effective 
against alert modern navies. 

The Libyans also have a 
frigate, nine corvettes and 
about 25 fast-attack craft, 
many of which are equipped 
with the Otoraat surface-to- 
surface -missile, which has a 
range of 125 miles. 


Wreckage in Tripoli of what the Libyans claim is a US aircraft shot down during the raid. 

How America took the news 

A young gi rl sitt ing amid the actJ - on a$ “barbarous and to- 
roms of her sitting room pve ^jy unjustified aggression". 

barrage from the news agency turn up al a Gremlin reception 
Tass. which desen bed the US - . - e 

. her own suggestion, shaking diplomat in Moscow 

all the while with the delayed “There will be an awful 
shock of the bomb blast- She j ot 0 f j^nd and fury, but I 
pointed down the road past toe wou ]d be surprised if they 
French Embassy, with its to raise the temper- 

, smashed windows and shrap- alure .“ Another pointed out 
net-gashed facade, to a large although the KremlinJiad 
gaunt building — perhaps Hi l0 show soiidarily with Libya, 
storeys high — almost half a control issues, were of 

mile away. greater importance to. the 

“That’s the headquarters « overa n plans of Mr Mikhail 
the security police," she add. c or bachov. the Soviet leader. 
“That must have been then- Much 0 f the optimism 
target, but they dropped their amon g Western governments 
. bombs on ns." The Japanese a j X)Ul chances of averting 
Ambassador, Mr Ete Tana- a serious new East-West dash 

. - -j j— hie Amt r* __ .1 - — JICCm, 1 i mIa. 

in bis honour. 

' The difficulties that he then 

encountered in private talks 
with Mr Gorbachov are un- 
derstood to have been one 
factor encouraging hawks in 
the Reagan Administration to 

Libya also has a large air 
force with — according to the 
Internationa] Institute for 
Strategic Studies — 535 com- 
bat aircraft. About half of 
these are intercepter aircraft, 
but there are also ground- 
attack aircraft which could 
strike in southern Europe, and 
they have a squadron of Soviet 
Tn 22 Blinder bombers. 

‘Take that!’ says the press amid 
fears the mad dog will bite back 

From Trevor Fishlock 
New York 

However, there are serious 
doubts about the serviceability 

play down the chances of any . of much of their equipment, 
significant Soviet military re^ and one source yesterday sug- 

ka, standing outside his own 
wittdowless embassy, said the 
same thing. 

The group of Gadaffi offi- 
cials who took the press to this 
scene of devastation didnot, of 

coarse. »Hii* to the fftama 
scarcelv undamaged raiding 
across the rubble. Nor did the 
young gunman who emerged 
want television cre^swfibn m 
J that direction. Thekflteg 
civilians, they said, was a 

* wantonactofAngto-An^m 

„ aggression - ami 

American aggression ’s ^ 
expression they are nsmg now. 
The Americans had hwieed 

bombed * 

- residential 
had killed rad 

■hat all the talk 

bombiog" was. as Baal ™ “« 

Middle East, a myth. 

That is what Dr Ianmfa 
PeraJfc said. A 

in what was left 

a serious new East- West date 
stems from the difficult rela- 
tionship between the Kremlin 
and Colonel Gadaffi. who is 
one of its closest allies in the 
Arab world and a recipient or 
large amounts of military 

The strains were highlighted 

sponse to the raids on Tripoli 
and Benghazi. 

But observers feel that there 
might come a point — a “red 
line" — beyond which Mos- 
cow would feel it had to give 
its ally more overt military 
support. This would include 
any serious US attacks on the 
many Soviet military advisers 
serving in Libya. 

“The danger is if the Soviet 
Union feels that for some 
reason it is losing credibility 
by not doing more," one 
observer said.- 

gested that barely one in ten of 
the aircraft may be 
opera tiouaL 

The frigate is thought to be 
in Italy undergoing repairs, 
and many of the aircraft will 
lack the latest equipment. 

It is unlikely, therefore, that 
they would attempt to take on 
major American or European 
forces. But Libya could cer- 
tainly mount attacks on mer- 
chant shipping or civil 
airliners, and possibly rapid, 
fairly short range air attacks 
into southern Europe. 

Americans yesterday gave 
overwhelming support for 
President Reagan's Mow. say- 
ing “we have io show we are 
strong — this was long 
overdue". Dissent was hard to 

But underlying the general 
satisfaction, there was concern 
and an expectation that Libya 
will seek revenge, disappoint- 
ment over the patchy support 
from Europe and praise for the 
role played by Britain. 

“Take lhaL KhadafyT ex- 
ulted the AV'i 1 York Post. Two 
lelcvison networks carried 
“America Strikes Back" logos 
on iheir morning news 

In bars, people raised their 
glasses and cheered, "h is high 
time we stood up for ourselves 
and showed some muscle — 
The President did what he had 
to do and we are right behind 

Congressional reaction was 
also generally favourable and 
in tunc with public opinion. 

The New York Times com- 
mented: “Even the most scru- 
pulous citizen can only 
approve and applaudc the 
American attacks on Libya. It 
is emotionally $atisf> ing to say 
that Colonel Gadaffi deserves ■ 
whatever he gets: the Reagan 
administration has now 
proved he richly deserved 
what he goL“ 

“An act of morality.” was 
the judgement of the New 
York Daily An«x "There can 
be no delight in the spilling of 
blood, but equally no humane 
argument for defending the 
methodical murderous mad- 
ness of the international terror 

I SA Today said: "We can 

reaction was grammes were swamped with 
vourable and tails, mostly of support, 
die opinion. The few dissenters said the 
i Times com- ra 'd would increase terrorism, 
he most scru - S iv 'ng terrorists new- griev- 
can only anecs and enabling them to 
ipplaudc the thrive on American over- 
s on Libva. It mcuon. Referring to Mr 
ikfvineinsav Reagan's characterization of 
datfi Reserves ■ Colonel Gadaffi as "a mad 
s: the Reagan - lh O. a^ed: W .11 the 
i has now mad dog bite back?" 
ti|\ deserved Dr Henry Kissinger, the 
former Secretary of State, said: 

... .... "Retaliation had to come 

1 r !L'« sooner or later. The President 

0 -ThLron deserves our tola! support. I 
JL am disappointed in the Euro- 

hesP K pcan response because an 

alliance involves reciprocal 

n ^f r0 i!?i "We are going to be in a 

lauonal terror p^od but no responsi- 

ble "administration can allow 
aid: “We can itself to be driven off the right 

onlv pity the poor people of course. The question now is. 
Libia who know only what whose endurance is greater. 

they hear from a raving dicta- 
tor who despises the USA.” 
Radio phone-in pro- 

Sombre list 
tells story 
of carnage 

Washington - Twenty five 
Americans were killed oveij 
seas in terrorist attacks last 
year, according to tlw State 
Department’s Bureau of Dtp; 
lomatic Security (Mohsm All 

writes). • ■ 

The Bureau says that dunng 

there were 154 lethal 

1973-85 there were internal 
attacks on Americans over- 
seas and 412 were killed. 


Spying on terrorism 

The ‘irrefutable’ evidence 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

The extraordinarily detailed fences "ith enormous many- operation had gone under- 

The US Nary aircraft cnH w AMriw (t w) O wl Sn. 

SfoTany l«r from which A fraud A 7 jeft hombed five targets in Libya. 

in wnat »» 7 .^ 

floor flat on 


l be planes coaungj 


Outside, a gro^ of 

were soil shovefl^ ru™* 
from what was Wt « 

the total for any year except 
1983 when 243 servicemen 
died, including those in 1 the 
bombing of tne US Marine 
bairacks in Beirut- ■ 

• Attacks by 

Latin America. 58; Middle 

EasL 34: Europe. 23; Ae^n, 

1 9; .Asia/Oceania. 1 1 : Africa 3- 
The occupation of Ameri- 
cans killed overseas in the 
lethal attacks were: • . 

Prisute. i i ~ Diplomatic, 
Military. 267^ (Xher gov- 
ernment .personneL 5._ . 

Most important terronst 



1 Here here. M05i • . 

bora of his fwofty groups involved were ■ 

enToftbe groep^-''j ^ ® Abu-Nidal. drug traffickers. 
St back V Amencaos fa ls| ^ icJihad organization. 

thW.“ • • ; • - — 

disclosures by President Rea- 
gan of sensitive intelligence 
information about Libya dem- 
onstrates a hitherto unknown 
ability of the United States to 
penetrate the secret messages 
of other countries. 

“Oor evidence is direct, it is 
precise, it is irrefutable," Mr 
Reagan said on tele fsion. 

Collecting the secret com- 
munications of foreign govern- 
ments is the work of the 
National Security' Agency 
(NSA), equivalent to Britain’s 

shaped aerials protruding 
from rooftops. 

Mr Reagan said that on 
March 25 there was a message 
from Tripoli to the Libyan 
Peoples' Bnrean in East Berlin 
directing an attack on Ameri- 
cans. The day before. US 
fighter planes had attacked 
Libyan patrol boats in the Gulf 
of Sine as well as a missile 
radar site on the Libyan coast. 

Mr Reagan added that on 
the evening of April 4 the 
Libyan Bureau in East Berlin 

GCHQ at Cheltenham and the reported to Tripoli that an 
most classified area of the US attack would take place the 


It has a seem budget much 
larger than that of the Central 
Intelligence Agency’ and oper- 

next day. That was the day the 
bomb exploded at La Belle 
discotheque In West Berlin, 
kfilii^ an American soldier 

ates a worldwide listening and injuring 50 others. He 
network, details of wrhkh are said that after the attack a 

closely guarded but which 
includes ground listening sta- 

tions, spy ships and satellites; 
The NSA operates out of a 

The NSA operates out of a 
nondescript building on the 
road between Washington and 
Baltimore, surrounded by high 

message from the Libyan Bu- 
reau to Tripoli reported the 
“great success of the mission". 

Mr Larry Speakes. the 
White House spokesman, said 
later that in that message the 
bureau assured Tripoli the 

A record 
of recent 

A chronology of the recent 
bitter US-Libyan relations: 

1979, December: US Embassy 
in Tripoli burned. Washing- 
ton suspends diplomatic ac- 
tivities. but embassy staff 
remain. US interests in Libya 
looked after by Belgium. 

1980, May: US Embassy in 
Tripoli closed after attacks on 
French Embassy. Libya de- 
tains two US nationals, expels 
25 others for alleged spying. 

1981, May: Reagan Adminisr 
nation, referring to Libyan 

“auqccimlinn vril.'lfta" nr- 

“assassination squads”, or- 
ders closing of Libya's Embas- 
sy in Washington and expul- 
sion of Libyan diplomats. 
August: Two FI4 fighters 
from aircraft carrier USS 
Nimitz shoot down two Sovi- 
ci-buili Libyan fighters with 
missiles after being attacked 
during exercises off the Gulf of 

1982. October Gadaffi says 
Libyan exiles who work 
against his regime face assas- 

1985. March: Gadaffi calls on 
guerrilla groups to launch 
organized "suicide missions" 
to topple moderate Middle 
East governments. 

July: Reagan calls for Western 
campaign against terrorism. 
December US accuses Libya 
of backing December 27 ter- 
rorist attacks at Rome and 
Vienna airports that killed 20 
people and wounded 1 10. 

1986, January: Reagan an- 
nounces widcscale economic 
sanctions against Libya and 
orders all .Americans out by 
February 1. 

March !4: Libya fires six anti- 
aircraft missiles at US jet near 
the Gulf of Sine "line of 
death". US Navy warplanes 
blast missile launch site and 
destroy two Libyan missile 

and I believe ours is. In time 
wc will reduce terrorism by 
this action “ 

March 27: US Navy ends 
manoeuvres off Libya after 
twice bombing missile guid- 
ance base in Gulf of Sine and 
firing on five Libyan ships, 
sinking ihrec. 

April 3: Bomb explodes on 
TWa flight S40 travelling 
from Rome to Athens. Four 
passengers, all Americans, 

ground and could not be traced 

In another remarkable dis- 
closure. Mr Reagan said that 
with the help of the French the 
US had recently aborted a 
Libyan attack, which he de- 
scribed as a “planned massa- 
cre using grenades and small 
arms" against civilians queu- 
ing for lisas at a US embassy. 

Some of the American intel- 
ligence has been shown to the 
allies. According 10 one intelli- 

April 5: Bomb rips through 
West Berlin discotheque filled 
with American troops, killing 
US serviceman and Turkish 
woman and injuring 150 peo- 
ple. more than a third 

April 9: Two US aircraft battle 
groups in Mediterranean or- 
dered to remain in the area. 
West Germany orders expul- 
sion of two Libyan diplomats. 

genre source. Western coun- 
tries were given different 
amounts of information based 
on American assessments of 
their ability to ensure long- 
term confidentiality. 

Without giving details; Mr 
Speakes said: “We have high- 
ly reliable intelligence that 
Gadaffi and his lieutenants are 
planning attacks on US citi- 
zens and facilities in Europe, 
the Middle East and Latin 
America, in Africa. Libyans 
have been planning attacks 
and conducting surveillance on 
US facilities in 10 countries." 

April 10: Gadaffi prepared to 
escalate violence against 
American targets if ihe US 
uses West Berlin discotheque 
and TWa bombings as an 
excuse to anack Libya. 

April 14: EEC foreign minis- 
ters meeting at The Hague 
brand Libya supporter of ter- 
rorism. decide to restrict 
movements of Libyan diplo- 
mats in their countries. The\ 
refuse to impose comprehen- 
sive economic sanctions and 
urge Washington to use mili- 
tan- restraint. That night the 
US carries out air strikes 
against Libyan terrorist and 
related targets. 


*t Sri 


! i 




Bhutto success 
prompts Zia 

to threaten 
new emergency 

From Hasan Akhiar, Islamabad 

Mr Aslam Khaitak. the 
Interior Minister of Pakistan, 
has given a warning that the 
Government might rc impose 
the state of emergency lifted in 
December after 20 years, if 
attempts are made to create 
chaos now that political activ- 
ity has been permitted in the 

The largest Urdu-Ianguagc 
newspaper, which quoted the 
minister, said that his com- 
ments were made in the 
context of the tour of Punjab 
b> Miss Benazir Bhutto, the 
most important anti-govern- 
ment leader. 

Another report said that the 
administration might prevent 
Miss Bhutto from continuing 
her tour, which has been 
attracting vast crowds. Some- 
times her cavalcade has been 
slowed to walking pace 

The Prime Minister. Mr 

Muhammad Khan Juncjo, 
was to discuss measures to 
meet Miss Bhutto's challenge 
at a high-level meeting later 
Iasi nighL 

Miss Bhutto, who now leads 
the Pakistan People's Party, 
on the sixth day of her 
campaign has stepped up her 
demands for immediate elec- 
tions and for the resignation of 
President Zia ul-Haq. 

General Zia and other gov- 
ernment leaders have rejected 
her demands. 

Accounts of Miss Bhutto's 
public meetings and proces- 
sions in the press show that 
she has been able to arouse 
considerable public sympathy 
for herself. 

Her political opponents pre- 
dict. however, that she will 
become a spent force in a few 
weeks as she appears vague 
about her political intentions. 

13 held in football scandal 

Rome (Reuter) — Police 
have charged 13 people with 
conspiring to rig results of 
Italian football matches in an 
alleged betting racket, and 
have served notices wanting 

nearly 40 more that they are 
under investigation for fraud. 

The 13 arrested include the 
goalkeeper and a trainer of the 
third division club Pro 

Mr J. Carter Brown, director of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, checks armour from Treasure Houses of 
Britain” exhibition which closed on Sunday after drawing large crowds during Its 23-week rm. 

Suharto protest 

Jakarta (Reuter) — Demon- 
strators waring Indonesian 
flags protested outside (be 
Australian Embassy yesterday 
as Jakarta reacted strongly to 
Sydney newspaper reports 
about alleged financial deal- 
ings by President Suharto and 
his family. 

About 100 members of the 
Indonesian National Youth 
Committee distributed leaflets 
urging the Australian Govern- 
ment to muzzle its press, 

saying that the media was 
slandering Indonesia. 

• Death plot denial: A jailed 
dissident and ex-minister yes- 
terday denied plotting to as- 
sassinate President Suharto 
(AFP reports). 

The charges were far- 
fetched fantasies of the 
prosecution's reconstruction of 
(be facts, Mr Mo hammad 
Sanusl aged 65, told the 
Central District Court in 

21b hailstones bring 
death to celebration 

Dhaka (Reuter) - A lethal 
hailstorm lashing the Bangla- 
desh capital area has killed 
nearly 50 people and injured 
more than 400. bringing trage- 
dy to colourful ceremonies 
marking the Bengali new year. 

The sudden storm on Mon- 
day night brought winds of 
about 60 mph and dropped 
hailstones weighing up to 2 lb. 
mostly on the suburbs. 

Houses were flattened, com- 
munications disrupted and 
the windscreens of more than 
700 cars shattered. Insurance 
officials said vehicle damage 
claims alone already had 
reached 7.500,000 taka (about 

The Dhaka weather office 
says that further hailstorms 
and cyclones can be expected 
-incoming weeks. 

Defence objects to 
judge’s questions 
in Artukovic trial 

From Dessa Trevisan, Zagreb 

asked who was the leader of 

Mr Andriga Artukovic. the 
wartime Minister of the Interi- 
or of the Croatian puppet 
regime, admitted during cross- 
examination on the second 
day of his trial for alleged war 
crimes yesterday that be had 
**heard of concentration 
camps", but denied vigorously 
having organized them or 
having issued orders for bru- 
talities and large-scale exter- 
minations of Jews and Serbs. 

Mr Artukovic, aged 86 — 
who appeared an old. bewil- 
dered man on the first day of 
his trial — seemed astute and 
alert, answering dearly and 
remembering some events but 
choosing not to remember 
others as the presiding judge 
tried to establish his role in 
wartime atrocities. 

Clearly dissatisfied with 
some of his replies, the de- 
fence objected formally to 
what they thought were lead- 
ing questions put by the 
presiding judge. They said that 
Mr Artukovic was, at his age, 
prone to suggestions. 

His failing memory was 
made apparent when he was 

Nazi Germany. He replied 
“Ribbentrop". (hen quickly 
corrected himsdf and said 
with a smile; “Hitler." 

Among the charges are 

those concerning the genocide 
of Jews. 200.000 of whom 
perished in Croatian concen- 
tration camps. . , 

Mr Artukovic denied vigor- 
ously having played any im- 
portant part in it, saying that 
decisions about racial dis- 
crimination were passed by 
the head of the Croatian state, 
Mr Ante Pavelic. who died in 
.Argentina about 20 years ago. 

He said that while the 
initiative came from above, 
and that he. as Minister of the 
Interior, was asked to give bis 
opinion, the implementation 
of the act was left to the 
“experts" lower down. 

Mr Artukovic dodged bis 
personal responsibility on sev- 
eral points, but vanity- clearly 
overruled when the judge 
asked him whether he had 
enjoyed the trust of Mr 
Pavelic. He agreed, nodding 
with a broad grin. 

Here is a booklet which brings together details of the whole range of 
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There is an important range of schemes to enable people to acquire 
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The booklet emphasises the right vocational training 
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m v 




still in 44 

By Onr Diplomatic Staff 

Amnesty International the 
human rights organization, 
has evidence of more than 
1,100 people being executed 
throughout the world in 1985, 
but these were only part of a 
much lzuger. unknown, total. 

Amnesty said yesterday it 
had evidence of 1425 execu- 
tions and 1489 death sen- 
tences, substantially fewer 
than the 1,51 3 executions and 
2,068 sentences in 1984. 

It was impossible to know 
whether this reflected a change 
in the r cal numbers, because 
the true totals every year are 
believed much higher than 
those which could be doc- 
umented, it said. 

Amnesty counts only those 
cases on which it has individ- 
ual details. Bom Iraq, where 
hundreds of people were re- 
ported to have been put to 
death for criminal or political 
offences, only 19 executions 
! confirmed by the Government 
1 are included in die figures. 

The documented totals for 
I China, of 135, and 470 for 
Iran, are believed for lower 
than the real number executed 
in those countries. 

Executions were reported in 
1985 from 44 countries and 
death sentences from 61 coun- 
tries, but the figures include 
jonly those cases in which 
some form of trial and sen- 
tence was believed or claimed 
to have taken fiacc. 

They exclude summary 
killings of prisoners reported 
from a number of countries. 

Amnesty says it sees some 
encouraging developments in 
the movement to abolish the 
death penalty. 

Flaws seen 
In UN plan 
for Cyprus 

From Mario Modfono 

Athens and Nicosia have 
agreed that the latest United 
Nations proposals fora Cyprus 
settlement do not look at their 
key concern, the withdrawal of 
Turkish troops. 

They say that the plan 
contains many positive points, 
but foe! that some provisions 
undermine the concept of a 
unitary state and that there 
must be consideration of the 
troop withdrawal before an 
interim federal administration 
takes over. 

President Kyprianou, who 
has just concluded his second 
round of consultations here 
with Greek leaders on the 
proposals submitted by Sen or 
Javier Pferez de Cuellar, the UN 
Secretary-General flew back to 
Nicosia last nighL 

The main object of the talks 
was to see how the Greek side 
could ngect the de CiKfflar plan 
as a -negotiating framework 
without raking the blame for 
another, breakdown of the 
peace process. 

The Grades do not want to 
discourage him from pursuing 
his initiative further, and do 
not want to appear to antago- 
nize the US. Britain and the 
Soviet Union, all of which, in 
varying degrees, have given 
their support to the UN effort 

They are particularly keen to 
ensure that the Turkish mili- 
tary presence should end before 
the establishment of a 
bi communal federal adminis- 
tration, a point beyond which 
the Greek-Cypriots’ freedom of 
action will be restricted by a 
Turkish Cypriot vela 




Hawke tour to protect 
Australia’s farm trade 

From Tony Duboodin, Melbourne 

Mr Bob Hawke, the Austra- 
lian Prime Minister, left yes- 
terday for a two-week trip to 
the United States and Europe 
in an effort to protect 
Australia's agricultural trade 
from being damaged by the 
trade dispute between Wash- 
ington and the EEC 

The country's rural indus- 
tries face being squeezed out of 
many traditional markets by 
the new US Farm Bill and the 
EEC's subsidized exports. 

After mlfai in Was hi ng ton , 
Mr Hawke wiD visit London, 
Brussels, Borne and Athens. 

He claims that the common 
theme of the trip will be “the 
concern the Government bus 
for the position of Australia's 
rural producers in the light of 
the corruption of international 
markets for agrica&tural com- 

In Washington, he win ask 
the Administration to take 
account of the threat to Aus- 
tralian i n tere s t s posed by die 
Farm Bill, which is directed 
against the EEC. 

He will also press for agri- 
culture to be discussed at the 
Tokyo summit of the major 
industrial countries and sug- 
gest that it should have a 
prominent place in the coining 
round of agricultural trade 

Mr Hawke wiD try to per- 

suade President Reagan to 
endorse the protocol of the 
South Pacific Nuclear Free 
Zone Treaty. 

He will point out that the 
treaty is consistent with 
Australia's alliance obfiga- 
tions to the US. 

It bans the storage and 
testing of nuclear weapons in 
the region and the dumping of 

Hawke: Going out t 
tight for his formers. 

waste , but in no way effects tt 
transit of nuclear 

la Europe, Mr Hawke wi 

To: Action for Jobs. Curzon House, 20-24 Lonsdale Road, London NW6 6RD. 
Please send me the ‘Action for Jobs’ booklet 



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Swiss freeze 
funds held 
for Duvalier 

Geneva - The Swiss Gov- 
ernment has ordered banks in 
Zurich. Lausanne and Geneva 
to block funds held for Jean- 
Claude Duvalier. the former 
president of Haiti (.Alan 
McGregor writes). 

The order came direct from 
the Ministry of Justice, after a 
visii to Bern by Haitian 
Government officials. 

A telex from Haiti yesterday 
asked Switzerland to take 
“provisional measures" pend- 
ing a formal request for judi- 
cial aid on the assets. 

— - —ruvu 

ban talks wi tfa the 
the recent unexpeef 

lotio n o f a visit 

Community’s extea 
ffesss commissioner. 

for child 
be put i 

. Paris - The 
impecunious for 
of Central Africs 
Bokassa. who is 1 
outside Paris, cor 
Geddes writes). 

He now says 
place in care his 
“cause “they ha 

Jean-Bertrand. a 
Mane- Eleonon 
nave already beei 
after shoplifting ! 
*ere hungry, he s 


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takes Winnie 
to task 
’ remarks 

,, Ftom Mkhael Hornsby, JoluunKsInn 

the “AD those who seek to enter 

into dialogue with the ANC 
would do . weir if they give 
careful consideration to Mrs 
Mandela’s rcmarks.''he said. 

Whether or acri- 
aenu the statement came on 
the same day as Mrs Mandela 
was the guest of honour at a 

■^ J"^ aU0 J f id ' hat CtenceSSSfsSldSE 

s rssa5“- teli 

Herr Brandt arrived in Jo- 

, wife of the jailed SEtfS 
.outlawed African NafiomS 
/Congress. Mr Nelson Man- 
was castigated yesterday 
hy the South African Gomn- 
ment for remarks she made 
tot weekend, interpreted as 
advocating violence to.- end 
•white rule. , • . 

hannesburg yesterday morn- 
ing. He is to stay in South 
Africa until tomorrow, when 
he wiQ fly on to Botswana fora 
meeting of representatives of 
European and Latin American 
Social Democratic parties. 

In an interview with The 
Times. Herr Brandt said that 
he bad asked for permission to 
visit Mr Mandela in Polb- 
moor prison- hr Cape Town, 
but had not yet bad a 


Mixed reaction to 
election of Tutu 

The South African Govern- 
ment has congratulated Bish- 
op Desmond Tntn on his 
- election as Archtnsbop-desift- 
nate of Cape Town, a position 
it describes as “tfaTmoS 
respected and highly rec- 
flrded" jn ■ the Anglican 

It urged him, however, to 
-reject “the methods of change 
of those who are dearly com- 
mitted to violence” and to 
support the search for “con- 
structive reform” through 

April 2 for the imposition on 
Sooth Africa by the outside 
world of punitive >«w«wnip 
sanctions, favoured by most 
Mack political groups bat 
opposed by almost all whites. 

Bishop Tntn wffl be en- 
throned as Archbishop in 
September after the present 
incumbent. Archbishop Philip 
Russell, retires on Angvst 31. 

He will then become the 
first Mack bead edT the 
2,200,00 O-strong Anglican 
community in Stnthern Afri- 
_ ca. At present, he is Bishop of 

A statement issued by Mr Johanuesbmg. 

- Lows Net, the deputy Minim . Sp eaking after hfa ribrAn, 
'ter of Information, said it was Bishop Tntn said that as 

archbishop he would not be a 

■to be hoped that Archbishop 
‘Tntn “would also assist in the 
-socio-economic development 
of all the people in Sooth 
Africa, which is dependent tm 
economic growth”. 

This was an obfiqne refer- 
ence to Bishop Tala's call on 

one-nau-hand, and would lis- 
ten closely to the advice of his 
counsellors in the diocese. He 
promised to work for peace 
and reconciliation, bat also for 
fundamental chang e in South 

He said he intended to 
return to South Africa after 
visiting Botswana and hoped 
to meet President Botha on 

He also plans to see Bishop 
Desmond Tutu and other 
leading Church opponents of 
the Government, black union 
leaders, white businessmen, 
and officials of the United 
Democratic Front the multi- 
racial anti-apartheid organiza- 
tion regarded by Pretoria as a 
front for the ANC. 

'Mrs Mandela’s weekend re- 
marks. in which she spoke of 
blacks liberating the country 
with “matches and neck- 
laces”. continue to 

She has claimed that she 
was quoted out of context, but 
has not disowned the phrases 
attributed to her. 

. The “necklace” is the name 
used in the black townships 
for a rubber tyre filled with 
petrol which is put round the 
victim's body and set alight, it 
has been used mainly as a 
weapon against police inform- 
ers and other blacks deemed 
to be government col- 

as Brazil 
prices fall 

Sao Paulo (Reuter) — Presi- 
dent Sarney of Brazil has 
announced that consumer 
prices fell by nearly 1.5 per 
.cent in March, and that the 
success of the anti-mflatioo 
programme was guaranteed. 

“The programme d victori- 
ous and .definitive., i . we are 
living a new moment In ihe 
history of the country ”fce 
said in a televised -speech to 
the nation on Monday^ 

Prices fell by 1.48 per cent 
overall, he said, with food 
prices down 5 per cent in 
March, the first month after 
the Government imposed a 
total freeze on prices and 
introduced sweeping reform 
of' the monetary system to 
combat the country’s 250 per 
cent inflation rale. 

According to economists at 
the independent Genulio Var- 
gas Research Foundation, it 
was the first time prices had 
fallen in any month in Brazil 
since September 1957. 

President Sarney said that 
Brazil had changed, and that 
there was now a new spirit that 
would not disappear. 

He said the Government 
pledged to continue social 
programmes aimed at elimi- 
nating poverty and hunger. _ 

Greek Navy man 
cleared of spying 

From Mario Modiano, Athens 

President Sarney: Forecast 
of a new 

Egyptian riot 
police patrol 
city in protest 

Cairo (Reuter) - Riot police 
moved into the city ofAsyut 
in southern Egypt yesterday as 
Muslim fundamentalists plan- 
ned a rally to protest ai the 
death of a Muslim militant 
student shot last month by 

Hundreds of rig : 
some carrying 
guns, deployed m and around 
the city, a traditional hototf 
of Muslim 

after news of the death became 
public last night. 

Police searched vehicles 

and passc'igcre armirig at 
Asvuu 21 S miles south of 
Cairo, looking ^ or . arm i_J r 
militants who 

died there to foment unrest. 
Mr Shaaban Raritid, an 

a sireet poster for a rally by a 
hardline Musli" 1 clergyman. 

He died of his wounds 
yesterday at a military hospj- 

Lti mcira Secunty 

52S and huer driven ro fos 
^ tv ******* 
tight security. 

A junior Greek naval officer 
named by a Soviet defector as 
a spy ou Moscow’s payroll has 
bran acquitted unanimously 
by a Greek Navy court 

The tribunal, after hearings 
lasting five days, said on 
Monday that the ‘Charges -of 
espionage against. Lieutenant 
Vassilis Serepisios, aged 35, 
had notbeenprovbd. _ , 

lieutenant Serepisios. was 
one of five Greeks named as 
Soviet agents by Mr Sergei 
Bokhan, the Soviet military 
intelligence officer who defect- 
ed from Athens to the United 
States in May last year. 

His acquittal is seen as a 
rebuff to the United States, 
which has delayed the sale of 
railitaiy aircraft to the Greek 
Air Force in the wake of Mr 
Bokhan’s alleged revelations 
about Soviet espionage in 

. Two Greek civflians were 
arrested at the time and 
charged with selling Western 
military technology secrets to 
die R ussians. - One has been 
released on baiL 

During the trial Greek mtd- 
lieence officers who inter- 
viewed Mr Bokhan in Wash- 
ington said that according to 
the defector Lt Serepisios had 
furnished secret Nano docu- 



ments to the Russians 
eight years in return 

The court, however, ruled 
that Mr Bokhan was the only 
source of these accusations 
and there had been no inde- 
pendent corroboration. Even 
the prosecutor recommended 
acquittal in the absence of 
convincing confirmation of 
the “serious evidence". 

Lt Serepisios said he had 
been the victim of a malicious 
frame-up because of his left- 
wing ideology and his contacts 
with a prominent member of 
the Greek Communist Party. 

He denied ever having met 
Mr Bokhan or the other Soviet 
ratriligence contacts claimed 
in the indictment 
• MUNICH: A West Ger- 
man aerospace engineer 
charged with p assing high 
technology secrets to Moscow 
for 30 years made a tearful 
confession in court yesterday 
that he bad signed as a 
communist agent in 1954 
(Reuter reports). 

Manfred Rotsch, aged 61, 
said at the opening of his trial 
that* be agreed to sign a 
contract to work for Soviet 
Woe mtdligence when East 
German officials threatened 
to prevent his plans to settle in 
' the West. 

Sabah court challenge 
by opposition fails 

Kota Kinabalu (Reuter) - 
The leader of Sabah’s Muslim 
opposition party. Tun Mus- 
lapha Harun, yesterday lost 
his High Court case challeng- 
ing the right of the Chief 
Minister, Daruk Joseph Pairin 
Kiungan. to rule the Malay- 
sian state. 

Several hundred supporters 
of Mr Mustapha’s United 
Sabah National Organization 
(USNO) thronged the court 
which is ringed with barbed 
wire, but no trouble was 

Five people were kilted and 
about 20 injured last month in 
bomb -and arson attacks and 
riots as Muslim activists tried 
to oust Datuk Pairin’s largely 
Christian government 
Tun Mustapha was given a 
month m which to appeal 
police had set up road- 
blocks in the state capital of 
Kota Kinabalu to prevent any 
possible repetition of. last 
month’s violence. 

Political life and day-to-day 
government in Sabah has 
come to a virtual standstill 
when Muslim opposition to 

Datuk Pairin’s rule flared after 
his Parti Bersatu Sabah (PBS) 
won a landslide state election 
victory a year ago. 

Datuk Pairin dissolved the 
assembly in February after 
defections from his party to 
the opposition. 

Fresh elections are due on 
May 5 and 6. 

The Federal Prime Minis- 
ter. Datuk Seri Dr Mahathir 
Mohamad, failed last month 
to patch up the deep differ- 
ences between Datuk Pairin 
and his opponents. 

Datuk Pairin rejects opposi- 
tion accusations that his Gov- 
ernment is anti-Islamic and 
that Muslim civil servants 
suffer discrimination at work. 

Sabah is the only one of 
Malaysia's 13 states not ruled 
by .Dr Mahathir’s Muslim 
Malay-dominated National ■ 
Front Coalition. 

His “Sabah Formula” sug- 
gested that PBS, USNO. and 
another opposition party. 
Bcijaya. should cooperate in 
government under Datuk 
Pairin's role, but Pairin 
hardliners rejected this. 

Sir Yehudi Menuhin, right, and President Mitterrand of France embracing after the British 
violinist had been mode a Grand Chevalier of the L&gfon d'honneur at a Paris ceremony. 

Rival proposals on Contras support 

Debate on US aid widens 

Fran Christopher Thomas, Washington 

Three rival proposals for 
aid to the Nicaraguan Contras 
went before the Democrat' c- 
con trolled House of Represen- 
tatives yesterday, all of them 
aimed al re-establishing a 
dose relationship between the 
United Slates and the anti- 
communist rebels. 

The debate has dearly 
moved beyond the single issue 
of trying to destabilize the 
Sand ini sta Government to the 
huger question of American 
backing for anti-Coxnmunist 
groups around the world, such 
as in Angola and A fghanistan. 
There seems little doubt that 
American aid will soon flow 
to the Nicaraguan 


Democrat opponents of 
American military entangle- 
ment in the Nicaraguan con- 

flict attempted yesterday to 
force the parliamentary proce- 
dure that would tie the aid to 
another bill President Reagan 
opposes and has pledged to 
veto. On the eve of the debate 
Mr Reagan said that such 
“subterfuge and backroom 
deals” could lead to a forest of 
legislative delays and endan- 
ger the lives of countless 
young Nicaraguans. 

The two main proposals — 
one from the White House, 
the other from the Democrat 
leadership — would give $100 
million (£66.6 million) to the 
rebels, whose effectiveness as 
a fighting force has clearly 
deteriorated since Congress 
cut off aid in mid-1984. Up to 
then the US had secretly given 
$80 million to the rebels, most 

of it in direct military 

The Democrat version 
would release $30 million 
immediately for training and 
humanitarian aid. The re- 
maining $70 million in mili- 
tary aid would be held for a 
second vote after 90 days 
while other Latin nations and 
the Administration pushed 
Nicaragua to negotiate with 
the Contras. The White House 
version provides for immedi- 
ate. unconditional release of 
the funds. 

• NEW' YORK — Americans 
are uncertain about which side 
the US backs in Nicaragua, 
and only one in four supports 
President Reagan's request for 
$100 million aid for the rebels, 
according to the latest New 
York Times-CBS News Poll. 

Costa Rica pledge to bar rebels 

Panama City (Renter) — 
President-elect Oscar Arias 
Sanchez of Costa Rica has 
said that he intends to stop 
US-hacked Nicaraguan Con- 
tra rebels using Costa Rica as 
a base after he takes office on 
May 8. 

Saying that his country's 
pledge to neutrality should be 
given more than just lip ser- 
vice, he added: “We are not 
going to tolerate the utilization 
of onr territory by Contras.” 

Press reports have since 
1983 documented the use of 

Costa Rica as a haven and 
supply centre for Nicaraguan 
insurgents under the outgoing 
Government of President 
Monge, who has said repeat- 
edly that Costa Rka is neutral 
in regional conflicts. 

But his tacit support of 
Nicaraguan rebels, whose 
principal bases are in Hondu- 
ras, has led critics to label 
Costa Rica a poppet of the 
United States, and has caused 
Costa Rica’s relations with 
Nicaragua, its northern neigh- 

bour, to deteriorate steadily In 
recent years. 

Sendr Arias said that the 
presence of US-backed rebels 
in Costa Rica “endangers oar 
domestic peace and violates 
the neutrality that we have 
proclaimed before the entire 

While vowing to prevent 
rebels from continuing to use 
Costa Rica as a springboard 
for attacks inside Nicaragua, 
SeAor Arias said that he 
planned to enact “a real and 
effective neutrality". 

Norwegians gam 
37V2-hour week 

Oslo (Reuter) - Norway 
returned to work yesterday 
after the counuy's worst in- 
dustrial conflict in 55 years. A 
separate dispute that lias halt- 
ed vital oil and gas produc- 
tion. however, showed no sign 
of ending. 

More than 100,000 workers 
from five trade unions re- 
sumed work after employers 
lifted a week-long lockout 
imposed when annual wage 
talks broke down over work- 
ing conditions. 

After 26 hours of talks 
between the Norwegian Feder- 
ation of Trade Unions and the 
Confederation of Norwegian 
Employers, the overage work- 
ing week was reduced from 40 
to 37'/’ hours. 

Employers dropped de- 
mands that the shorter work- 
ing week be linked to 
renegotiation of the minimum 
wage accords and tile two 
sides agreed to a pay increase 
of one crown (about 4Sp) an 
hour for 1986. 

Finance Ministry officials 
said the settlement appeared 
to represent a 9 or 10 per cent 
cost increase, about double 
what the Oslo Government 
says is the maximum for 
holding down inflation. 

Mr Rolf Presihus, the Fi- 

nance Minister, has said that 
the oil-reliant economy is in 
serious trouble because of the 
collapse in world prices and 
that he will make major cuts 
in public spending in the 19S7 
state budget, to be announced 
next month, unless wage lev- 
els are pegged at about 5 per 

cent . . 

Mr Pal Kraby. ihe emp- 
loyers' confederation presi- 
dent who has been enuetzed 
for invoking the first mass 
lockout of Norwegians since 
1931, welcomed the settle- 
ment but said it could weaken 
Norway's competitiveness as 
an exporter. 

Political sources said tnai 
Mr Kaare Willoch. the Prime 
Minister, had forced Mr 
Kraby to return to the negoti- 
ating table but showed no 
signs of being anxious to settle 
the more cosily dispute 

About 670 cooks and clean- 
ers walked out demanding a 
28 per cent pay rise. 

Oil, which was running at 
some 900.000 barrels a day 
before the dispute, is 
Norway's most valuable ex- 
port earner. But the sources 
said that there was no urgency 
to start pumping again while 
world prices were low on a 
glutted market. 

fail in 
Paris raid 

From Diana Geddes 

M Guy Brana. vice-presi- 
dent of’ the main French 
employers’ association, sur- 
vived ’ an assassination at- 
tempt yesterday by throwing 
himself to the ground. 

But his chauffeur, waiting in 
the car. was shot in the jaw 
and shoulder when two men 
wearing balaclava helmets, 
opened fire with automatic 
machine guns. 

Police later found some 30 
cartridges on the ground out- 
side his home in Le Vesincu in 
the Yvelines. 

No group has claimed re- 
sponsibility. but police say the 
attack is similar to last year's 
attacks by the extreme-left 
group. Action Directe. against 
General Rene Audran. head of 
arms sales at the Ministry of 
Defence, and M Henri Blan- 
din. Comptroller-General of 
the armed forces. 

General Audran was shot 
dead outside his home, also in 
the Yvelines. on January 25. 
Five months later M Blandin 
escaped unharmed when his 
car was sprayed with bullets at 
the Pone des Temes in Paris. 

M Brana. aged 61. was also 
involved with defence and 
armaments, having worked 
with Thomson, the state- 
owned weapons and electron- 
ics firm. • 

British top 
buyers of 

Paris - Exports of Bor- 
deaux wines rose last year by 9 
per cent in rolnme and by 
nearly a third in value, with 
Britain topping the list of the 
foreign buyers (Diana Geddes 

Of the 163 million litres of 
Bordeaux wine exported last 
year at a value of 4 billion 
francs (£365 million), Britain 
bongbt 25.7 million litres, 
followed dosely by The Neth- 
erlands. with 25.6 million 
litres, Belgium (25.5 million 
litres), and the US (25.1 
million litres). 

Britain was also France's 
number (me foreign client for 
champagne last year, account- 
ing for 153 million of the 
record 195 million bottles sold 
worldwide. This was a mere 
drop in the ocean, however, 
compared with the 123 million 
bottles bought by France 

In cognac exports, Britain 
had to bow its head once again 
to the US, which bought 31 
million bottles last year; bnt 
Britain preserved its second 
place with 153 million bottles, 
up 6 per cent over the previous 
year. Total cognac exports 
rose to 118 million bottles at a 
value of 53 billion francs. 

There will be no Chateau 
Loudenne 1984 or 1985 after 
the entire stock of the ov 
bourgeois supirieur from the 
Medoc was destroyed in a fire 
last week. 

clue to be 

Washington — Investigators 
were yesterday preparing to 
get their first look at the main 
suspect in the space shuttle 
Challenger explosion on Janu- 
ary 28 (Mohsin Ali writes). 

The 10 ft by 20 ft piece 
retrieved from 500 ft of water 
about 35 mites off the coast of 
Cape Canaveral has a hole in 
the spot where photographs 
showed hot gases spewing 
from the booster just before 
Challenger exploded. 

Nimeiry aide 

Khartoum (AFP) - General 
Omar Muhammad Tayeb, the 
deputy to former President 
Nimeiryof Sudan, was jailed 
for an extra five years for 
violating the Arab boycott of 
Israel by helping to airlift 
Ethiopian Jews to the Jewish 
state, officials said. 

He had already been jailed 
for 54 years for tus rote in the 

Rockets burn 

Tokyo (AFP) - A truck 
carrying what appeared to be 
home-made rocket launchers 
went up in flames hear a US 
air base. No casualties or 
damage were reported. 

Missile fails 

New York (Reuter) — The 
New York Times quoted gov- 
ernment experts as saying a 
Soviet test of its largest new 
land-based missile had foiled 
and perhaps ended in an 
explosion at the launch site. 

Tears of joy for Royal kiss 

From Richard Bassett 

ans brought traffic m central 
Vienna to a standstill yester- 
day when the Prince and 
princess of Wales went on an 

impromptu walkabout along 

the city's fashionable Graben 

shopping sfreet^on^hes^)^ 

day of their official fisfe to 

British flags ftw Aroma*} 
the shops, which were fuW 

with British merchandise and 

ISfesizs cardboard cutouts of 

Irish Guantemea. 

Accompanied by the mayor 
of Vienna, Herr Helmut Z3k, 
and his wife, the Royal couple 
were greeted with shrieks of 
delight as they stopped to talk 
to shopkeepers. One young 
man who kissed the Princess’* 
band earned some of the older 
• women to weep with joy. 

Fran 20k, who accompa- 
nied the Prime of Wales; 
Stopped to tell the crowd that 
be reminded her of “that Nat 
Kieg Cole song," ‘Ten- 

the Prince and the mayoral 
couple into a carriage. 

An Austrian military band 
reinforced by the regimental 
bond of the Green Jackets 
strode np» “God Bless the 
Prince of Wales” 

The appearance of the 
world's most celebrated royal- 
ty hi a city foil of imperial and 

After the brief walkabout, 
the Princess, .dressed -inma- 
genta anil Mack,* climbed with 

ed many Austrians _ of the 
advantages of a constitutional 

As. many Austrian papers 
noted, the visit is a happy 
respite from the Wa ldh ei m 

affair .' 

Nescafe Gold Blend - 
no other coffee tastes as good. 

Nescafe Gold Blend* is a coffee of exceptional quality - 
because only Nescafe Gold Blend offers such a delicate 
blend of the worlds finest arabica beans. 

These select beans ensure a rich, smooth taste which, 
quite simply, no other coffee can offer. 

Pure perfection in taste and flavour. . . 
that's the promise of the 'Seal of Quality 
and its unique to Nescafe Gold Blend. 

Enjoy Nescafe Gold Blend soon - 
with this 15 p coupon towards your next jar. 

There’s only one Gold Blend . 
Nescafe Gold Blend . 

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The cool head of a billion hearts 

The Queen’s role as head of the 
Commonwealth makes her titular 

leader of a billion people across 
40 diverse nations, with many internal 
and external forces vying for 
supremacy. The fact that she stays 
above the fray is a modem political 
miracle, writes Henry Stanhope 

ince coining to the 
throne In 1952 the 
Queen has lost an 
empire but discov- 
ered a new role. For 
that she owes a debt 
to the prime ministers* confer- 
ence of 1949 and to the 
political giants who dominated 
its proceedings - like Attlee. 
Menzies. Lester Pearson and 
perhaps most or all Pandit 

Nehru came to London with 
a request that his oewly- 
independent republic might 
remain part of the Common- 
wealth despite having ended 
its own allegiance to the 

By agreeing to the Delhi 
application and thereby over- 
turning the so-called Balfour 
Formula, which had estab- 
lished die rales for entry 23 
years before, the assembled 
premiers laid the foundations 
of die modem Commonwealth 
and ensured that King George 
VI. his heirs and successors, 
would preside over an expand- 
ing rather than a diminishing 

Today it contains 40 coun- 
tries. Eighteen, including Brit- 
ain. still acknowledge the 
Queen as head of state, 26 are 
republics which do not and the 
other five (Brunei, Lesotho, 
Malaysia. Tonga and Swazi- 
land) have monarchs. 

Not ail were once ruled by 
this country. Radicals, revolu- 
tionaries, democrats, auto- 
crats, capitalists, communists. 
First World or Third World - 
the one thing they have in 
common is membership of this 
curiously British institution. 

The Queen might be said to 
play mother to an extended 
family of around one billion 
people, spread over more than 
10 million square miles of the 
globe. Some 13 per cent of this 
counfry's trade is conducted 
with its members and between 
70 and 75 per cent of Its 
overseas aid finds its way to 
one pan of it or the other. It is 
therefore of material impor- 
tance to Britain. 

But perhaps its greatest 
value lies in its East-West, 
North-South spread at a time 
when Britain is becoming in- 
creasingly enmeshed, militari- 
ly, economically and now 
politically in Emope. It is an 
organization on which the sun 
never sets, providing links to 
parts of the developing world 
which might realize their po- 
tential in the 21st centnry. As 
such it is larger and more 
significant than the French 
equivalent - an association for 
the most part of small, under- 
populated states which France 
is still able to dominate. 

The Queen visits the Com- 
monwealth once or twice a 
year and, by calling on Belize 
last Autumn, has now been to 
all of the 49 states. But the 
most significant event in the 
organization's calendar is the 
Commonwealth heads of gov- 
ernment meeting 


Relations are not always 
easy. By entering the Europe- 
an Community Britain began 
to steer a course which could 
only complicate its links with 
Commonwealth states. The 
CHOGOMs have historically 
been dominated by one or 
more issues which have found 
the Commonwealth less united 
than its progenitors might 
have hoped. 

The most notable recent 
example was last October's 


For Queen and Commonwealth: Shridatfa Sarendranath (Sonny) Ramphrf at Marlborough Home, 

Sonny Ramphal, Secretary- 
General of the Common- 
wealth for more than 10 years, 
is one of the Queen's long- 
standing admirers. At Mail- 
borough House, in the vast 
sunlit office which was once 
Nassau conference, when Brit- Queen Mary's drawing room, 
ain found itself virtually isolat- be spoke to The Times this 

ed by its refusal to impose 
comprehensive economic sanc- 
tions on South Africa. 

That the Queen manages to 
remain above all of this is is 
one of the wonders of modern 
politics. But it is important 
that she should. If the Com- 
monwealth did not exist not 
many would seek to invent it, 
but fewer stiU would seek to 
destroy it There are those who 
say that if the Qneen per- 
formed no other function, her 
position as head of the Com- 
monwealth would make the 
monarchy seem worth 



Although the Queen 
has no political or 
executive powers 
over the Common- 
wealth. she exerts a 
moral influence and 
we have come to depend upon 
her more and more as the 
years have gone by. She played 
a very important part for 
instance at the Common- 
wealth heads of government 
meeting in Zambia in 1979 
when the Lusaka Accord was 
signed. That agreement set up 
the Lancaster House talks on 

the future of Rhodesia a 
month later. 

Her role was played behind 
the scenes and was kept very 
low-key. But she has a way of 
knocking people's heads to- 
gether without appearing to do 
so. And because of the regard 
in which she is heldL, she 
almost seems to defy the 
political leaders to let her 

That controversial Christ- 
mas television broadcast two 
years ago in which she ap- 
peared with the late Mrs 
Gandhi was also appreciated 
because of the emphasis it 
placed upon world poverty 
and the disparity betwen rich 
and poor - very much a 
Commonwealth theme. 

Then again she is a help on a 
number of issues which, while 
they do not hit the headlines, 
are important in Common- 
wealth terms. A good example 

is the issue of overseas 
students’ fees - which have 
become so high that the 
number of students coming to 
this country's universities 
from other parts of the Com- 
monwealth has been in de- 
cline. It really is a very 
important factor in Common- 
wealth terms, and she senses 
that intuitively in a way that 
ministers don'L 
But it's also a subject on 
which she feels free to have a 
view and to express it She is 
also very conscious of the 
value of the BBC External 
Services. I cannot be specific 
about the way in which she 
has helped. But on issues like 
this she can encourage a more * 
sympathetic attitude, without 
becoming involved in politics. 

A very good example of 
where it all might have gone 
wronjg was the CHOGOM last 
year in Nassau. For the Queen 

to remain above it all on a 
question which 'had divided 
Britain flora the rest of the 
Commonwealth (that of eco- 
nomic sanctions against South 
Africa) might have seemed to 
imply that she was taking 
Britain's side against them. In 
fact that notion did not for one 
moment obtrude. Not for one 
moment did anyone suspect 
that she might enter the arena 
or do anything else but fry to 
bridge the divides which exist- 
ed, in the interests of the 

She is a unifying force of 
great symbolic -value, partly 
because she really does care 
about the Commonwealth and 
partly because she knows so 
much about it. For one thing 
she has been head of the 
Commonwealth now for a 
very long time and has 
emerged as the senior head of 
state. Nobody has occupied 

his or her position longer, 
which means that she has 
grown up alongside a . number 
of other leaders, presidents 
and prime ministers. 

A very good example is 
Julius Nyerere of Tanzania 
'who was a young president 
when she was a young Queen. . 
Another is Lee Kuan Yew 
whom she remembers as a 
young prime minister and is 
now in the latter days of his ' 
career. She has travelled wide- . 
ly round the Commonwealth 
and knows a great deal about 
these- people and their 

She knows them by their 
first names. She not only calls - 
Nyerere 'Julius’ for instance 
but would refer to him as such 
when mentioning him to me. 
She always seems to be happy 
in the Commonwealth and 
very relaxed when with us. 
She never seems to regard her ' 


ities as a chore- 
Her next big Common- 
wealth enagagement will be 
the Commonwealth Games at 
Edinburgh in July. Then she 
will be with us at the 
CHOGOM in Canada next 
year. She usually arrives a day 
or two before, to undenake an 
official visit to the country 
where it is being hekL Then 
her stay extends into the 
conference itself for several 
more days while she sees all 
the heads of government. 

She is a unifying 
force of great 
. symbolic value 

She does so in a variety of 
ways. There is always a dinner 
and a reception for officials. 
Bui more important than 
anything else she sees each of 
. the beads of government indi- 
vidually. You'll see them get- 
ting up and slipping away in 
the middle of the meeting - 
Mugabe, Kaunda, Seaga. Lee 
Kuan Yew, for a private 
meeting on Britannia or at the 
Governor-General’s house. 

However radical or republi- 
can they may be they all go, 
and I have never known 
anyone who has not highly 
valued the opportunity. It’s 
very friendly, but it's not small 
talk. Sbe always knows the 
political situation in the coun- 
try, the key issues confronting 
it and where the shoe is 
pinching economically. It's a 
very serious discussion and I 
have known young prime 
ministers, meeting her for. the 
first time, emerging amazed 
by the extent of her 

1 can testify to this myself. I 
have personal access but use it 
with discretion. I would obvi- 
ously go to discuss a forthcom- 
ing CHOGOM with her. but 
might also go along at other 
times. When things are break- 
ing or brewing between her 
private secretary and myself 
there might come a time when 
he might suggest: 'Perhaps it’s 
time you had a chat with the 

Whatever the subject I al- 
ways find that she has worked 
hard; at her briefs and is 
extremely well informed. Both 
by virtue of her role 
and the qualities she 
brings to it she has 
become a tremen- 
dous asset as a unify- 
ing force.' - 

Ml. Both 


Breaking away with mixed feelings 

Not every former colony welcomes the 
monarchy with open arms. In some, 
adulation has turned to apprehension, 
as our foreign correspondents report 


The reign of Elizabeth II has 
witnessed the full flowering of 
Canadian independence and 
nationhood. Yet curiously the 
ties that bind the country’ to 
the Crown remain strong To 
an extent this is a tribute to the 

Commonwealth relations 
have been a cornerstone of 
Canadian foreign policy since 
the war. Through the Com- 
monwealth this country has 
attained a degree of influence 
among Third World countries 
that otherwise would never 
have been possible. And the 
monarchy is the visible sym- 
bol that holds the Common- 
wealth together. 

Despite everything howev- 
er. the long-term position of 
the monarch as Canadian 
head of state remains obscure. 
French-speaking Canada feels 
no particular attachment to 
the monarchy. When the 
Queen and the Duke of Edin- 
burgh visit Canada, as they 
did in 1984. tour organizers 
make sure that they avoid 

French-speaking Quebec. 
Thaiway there is no chance of 
embarrassing demonstrations. 

Nor does the approximately 
one third of the population 
whose ancestral ties are nei- 
ther British nor French have 
much attachment to the 

Mr Pierre Trudeau, the 
former prime minister, waged 
a campaign to make the 
governor general — the 
Queen’s representative in . 
Canada - this country's de 
facto head of state. He did this 
by sending him on “state" 
visits to foreign countries and 
by altering some of the instru- 
ments of the vice-regal office. 
In practical terms, the Queen 
is now head of state only when 
she is in Canada. 

At the same lime Canada's 
new constitution, proclaimed 
by the Queen herself in 1982, 
is a guarantee against any 
alterations of the official posi- 
tion of the Crown except by 
unanimous consent of the 
Provinces and of both Houses 
of the Canadian Parliament. 

John Best 


A sax-by-fonr-foot portrait of 
Che Quran still observes bran 
the wall the boshed confer- 
ences and lobbies outside the 
entrance to Zimbabwe's 

“She's not there because we 
love the royal family, but 
because sbe is the bead of the 
Commonwealth**, said a par- 
liamentary official. 

A similar portrait paced the 
library of the men-only Harare 
Club, refuge of the ca ptain^ of 
Zimbabwe industry, until 
1983. Although no one admits 
it, it is commonly known that 
its removal was to save the 
white establishment from be- 
coming involved in a public 
row over the extent of its 
commitment to the indepen- 
dent state of Zimbabwe. She is 
stiU regarded by left-inclined 
political scientists here and by 
the more zealous among the 
ruling Zaan (PF) party, as a 
symbol of colonial oppression. 

The Queen has not visited 
this country in her official 
capacity, although as princess 
sbe accompanied her lather on 
a Southern African tour in 
1947. Bat she is still the best- 
known bead of state among 
Zimbabwe's people and the 
general popularity of the Roy- 
al Family could be seen from 
the way the Prince of Wales 

With Canadian Premier Brian Malroney in Ottawa 

was mobbed by enthusiastic 
black teenagers when he ar- 
rived here in 1980 to hand over 
the instruments of power 
Feeling rams higher in 
neigh homing Zambia- In 1979 
the Queen bad bran advised 
against opening the Common- 
wealth Conference in Lusaka, 
while threats of Rhodesian 
strikes loomed. But she insist- 
ed on coming, and thousands 
of Zambians lined the streets 
from the airport into town to 
accord her an emotional wel- 
come - a mark of respect for 
her. decision to ignore the 
anxieties of her advisers. 

Jan Raath 


The Queen is decidedly less 
popular in the Caribbean is- 
land of Grenada than Presi- 
dent Reagan, who has become 
something of a folk hero. 

The historic identity with 
Britain changed abruptly with 
the American invasion, which 
Grenadians prefer to call a 
"liberation", in October 1983. 
The intervention by the USA 
and several other Caribbean 
states, to restore democracy 
after one Marxist regime bad 
displaced another in a violent 
coup on Grenada, was the 
dominating issue at that year's 

Commonwealth Heads of 
Government Meeting, at Del- 
hi. Britain's coolness towards 
the operation however, caused 
immediate anger, which has 
since given way to a curious 
incomprehension and. in 
some, a lingering resentment 
towards Britain. 

Almost everybody feels that 
the United States should now 
be the the guiding force for the 
future, and that the British 
connection is. in reality, all 
but over. Late last year the 
Queen visited the Spice Island 
aboard Britannia and opened 
the newly refurbished parlia- 
ment building, which had 
degenerated into Utile more 
than a store room during the 
years of autocracy. 

Britain symbolically paid 
for the restoration. And the 
pomp and ceremony was all 
extremely British. But the 
Queen was given what at best 
can be described as a subdued 
welcome. Grenadians were 
clearly demonstrating that 
they now feel firmly in the 
American sphere of influeence 
wherein lies the promise of 
bountiful dollars and. most of 
all. liberation from the huge 
unemployment brought upon 
them by incompetent and 
corrupt governments. 



in Vietnam: 
how the US 
helped ensure 
its success 



I “YdJow" type (6) 

4 Song words (6) 

7 Principal (4) 

5 In good spirits (8) 
9 Mixed (8) 

13 Group (3) 

16 Awkwardness (| 3) 

17 Set (3j 

19 Supplication (8) 

24 Distribution (8) 

25 Heehaw (4) 

26 Blow (6) 

27 Garland (6) . 


1 Eflcminalc (4) 

2 Quaint (9) 

3 Style (3) 

A True subject (5) 

5 Uncommon (4) 

6 Channel (3) 

10 Small amount (3) 

11 Stealing (5) 

12 Tccing-ofTshottS) 

13 Sick bays |9) 

14 Quaker yon (4) 

15 Heather (4) 

18 Formal order (3) 

28 Innocent (5) 

21 Take up again (5) 

22 Crop tower (4) 

23 Legend (4) 

-ornate the wrong ctaces RK 



DOWN: 2 Atilt 3 Keg 4 Tyrannosaurus . 5 Cosh 6 Perturb 7 rw. 

14 Brie 16 Stature 19 Ouzel 20 


1 tbree- 


s*m k. bsw 

At your 








the blues 

Meal-time hattw 
and sleepless 
nights need not 

be permanen t 
features of 


bringing up baby. 

writes Lee RodweH 

If vou were to ask parents which 
caused ihera most concern in 
bnngmg up their children I confident- 
ly predict that two things would head 
the list: sleeping and eating. 

T speak as the mother of a 22-mdnth 
old son who still wakes me regularly at 
least once in the small boms. My four 
and a half year old daughter, on the 

other hand, has slept well from the age 
of six wccksL BW she has been kntwS 

to sit at the table for an hour, taking 
mouse-sized mouthfuls of a meal she 
not only liked the week before but 
specifically requested again. 

Sleeping and eating problems can 
crave parents to the end of their tethers 
partly because they have one thing in 
common; by and large it is not the 
children who have problems over 
seeping and eating habits, it is their 

When my son's bowls drag me from 
my bed three times in as many hours, 
he is still foil of beans in the morning. J 
am the one wandering round like a 
zombie. When my daughter turns her 
nose up at my home-cooked, additive- 
free. vitamin-rich and fibre-fun offer- 
ings. says she's not hungry and then 
asks fora biscuit half an hour later, she 
doesn't worry about having a healthy 
diet or ruining her teeth - 1 da 

Countless parents like myself, who 
know the worry, frustration and anger 
often caused by sleepless nights or 
meal-time . battles, will, no doubt, 
welcome the publication this month of 
two books which' offer reassurance and 
constructive advice on both eating and 
sleeping difficulties. 

Dr Richard Fetter set up the Centre 
for Paediatric Sleep Disorders at the 
Children's Hospital in Boston in 1979. 
In his book, confidently titled Solve 
Your Child's Sleep Problems , be says: 
“The most common problem, for 
example, sleeplessness in young chil- 
dren. has proved the easiest to treat: 
even an infant or toddler who has 
never slept through the night can begin 
doing so within a few days with the 
right assistance from parents**. 

Although Eh* Faber's book deals 
with a variety of problems — .from ' 
babies who wake at the crack of dawn 
ready to start the day. ip teenier* who 
don't fell asleep-umifthe early hours of 
the morning and then can't get up for 
school — h is his assertion that parents 
or young children need no longer face 
night after night of broken slap that 
seems the most revolutionary. 

Most of the other books I have read 
on the subject offer a number of 
possible solutions to parents' desper- 
ate for a good night’s sleep: offering 
cuddlies, reducing noise from outride, 
providing a nighiiight, malting sure 
the child doesn't get too hot or too 
cold. Yet most of them also add the 
rider that it is quite likely that nothing 
will work and you will just have to 
hope the child grows out of the habit of 
disturbing you at night. 

Dr Ferber. on the other hand, takes 
a more positive approach- He says: 
“Once you can identify your child's 
sleep disorder you can work out a way 
of correcting it. You don’t have to 
wait." , . . 

My son has got used to my going m 
to him. offering a drink and a cuddle 

and tucking him up again. Those are 
the conditions be associates with 
gening back to sleep in die night — and 
to solve the problem, says Dr Berber, I 
have to change his sleep associations. 

Dr Berber's way of doing this is a 
variation of the 'leave them to ay’ 
theory. The system worts like this: 
when the child starts to cry you don't 
go in at once, but wait, say two 
minutes. Then you go to them, but you 
do not pick them up. offer, a drink or 
do apy of the things you would 
normally da~You leave (whether they 
arestiU crying or noL and even if they 
cry louder shut the door). 

‘Core is harder on the 
' J the parents than it 
is on the child’ 

You wait' -a. Tittle longer Before 
returning if the crying continues, say 
five minutes more. Then you repeat 
the brief vish. This time you wait for 
iOmimrtes before going back. You 
decide oh the maximum time you can 
stand to leave them crying without 
going m — perhaps 15 minutes — and 
you continue to return at 15-minute 
intervals until the child fells asleep. If 
the crying stops or if it is only mild 
. wimpering you don’t go in. 

You repeat this pattern the follow- 
ing night, but you increase the 
intervals between visits by. say, five 
minutes^ It may sound easy, but any 
parents who have Iain rigid- in bed 
listening to howls echoing round the 
house will tel! you h is not. Even Dr 
Ferber admits that h can be hard — but 
be insists it is harder on the parents 
than the child. 

“Any time you have to listen to your 
child cry it is difficult — if it wasn't 
there would be no reason for children 
to cry. You do have to go against 

instinct a little bit. You see. if you go 
to your child and rode him or give him 
a drink it does seem as if you are 
meeting a need. But once you under- 
stand you are teaching him to asso- 
ciate these things with going bade to 
sleep, then there is some rationale 
behind not doing (hem. You are not 
just leaving them to cry — you are 
letting them learn they can go back to 
sleep on their own**. 

Small children who wake up in the 
night may get enough sleep overall for 
their needs but it is the parents who 
riiffer the toll of broken nights. But Dr 
Ferber also believes that parents can't 
rely on a child — particularly during 
the toddler years — to get aU the sleep it 
needs. “I know parents whose toddlers 
sleep only eight hours at night and 
they say they are fine during the day. 

“But rd be willing to wager that you 
could get that sleep up to 10 hours at 
night, plus a nap during the day, and 
you’d see a real change in personality 
to a much happier child who had far 
fewer tantrums". 

Not everyone welcomes Dr Faber’s 
methods. Dr David Haslam, for 
instance, a family doctor who has 
himself written a book. Sleepless 
Children, is chary of any system that 
seems to offer guarantees of success. 
He says: "If parents set out upon some 
particular method or other which 
doesn't work for them, then they are 
likely to feel failures on top of 
everything else." 

Dr Haslam’s new book. Eal It (Jp!, A 
Parent 's Guide to Eating Problems 
does not promise to turn faddy eaters 
into trenchermen overnight. But the 
information and advice he gives 
should help take the misery out of 

He says: "A lot of parents wony that 
their child 'won't eat a thing’. But if 
you have a healthy child who is 
growing normally it can't be fresh air 
that is doing it" 

Dr Haslam is well aware that 
modem parents worry whether their 
children eat the right kind of food. His 
advice is to throw out the charts that 
list essential vitamins, minerals and so 
on. stop worrying about whether you 
are providing enough protein, fet and 
carbohydrate and simply offers varied 

He says: "If anything, it is not a 
question of children not gening 
enough of the essentials, it is of them 
getting 100 much of other things — 
things like fel. sugar and salt". 

At the same time be suggests taking 
a broad viewpoint “The majority of 
children — even when going through 
their faddy phases - still get enough of 
the essential foodstuffs. Certainly if 
you look at an individual day, then 
many children will not get their 
average daily requirements of many 
nutriems. But — and this point is 
essential — taken over a period of 
time, what a child eats and what he 
needs are actually remarkably 
simitar." Bui what about the child who 
seems happy to snack on crisps or 
biscuits, but throws a paddy at the 
very idea of trying a mouthful of 
greens or chicken? Dr Haslam suggests 
that parents should work out what 
they are most worried about — is it 
nutrition, or a question of discipline, 
or. perhaps, are they upset by the fact 
that the child is refusing a meal 
prepared with love. Le. rejecting them? 

He says: “I don't feel it is practical 
to tan sweets and biscuits, but you can 
limit the supply. Don't buy foods you 
don't want your children to eat It's 
easier to say T haven't got any' than 
'No. you can't have any*.” 

He suggests keeping a food diary, 
which will not only put your mind at 
rest by showing how much you child 
actually cats, but will also show you 
when he is hungry and when there are 
problems. You can then think about 
the timing of meals and try to work out 
a regular routine to keep to. 

He also suggests offering smaller 
helpings. “Children's appetites vary 
from age to age. You might expea a 
toddler to eat much more than a 
younger child, but the two to three 
year olds naturally eat less, so you 
should be giving them smaller not 
larger helpings. If they want more they 
can always ask for it. 

“Remember that children lend to 
eal in haphazard ways — they are not 
so likely as adults to want three square 
meals a day. Toddlers in particular are 

‘Simple advice is 
the hardest for 
parents to heed’ 

better having small meals with snacks 
in between - particularly if the snack 
is reasonably nutritious and not too 
filling. Problems arise if the snack is 
filling but not nutritious as the next 
meal will be refused as the child feels 

Apart from specific tips (don’t let 
your child fill up with orange juice, let 
him dip his bread in his custard if he 
wants to) Dr Haslam 's main advice 
boils down to two things: don't nag 
and don’t worry. Simple? Of course it 
is. But. as any parent knows, it is the 
simplest advice that is often the 
hardest to follow. 

Solve Your Child's Sleep Problems. 
The Complete Practical Guide For 
Parents by Dr Richard Ferber is 
published by Dorling Kindersley on 
April 24 ai £5.95 paperback. £8.95 

Eat It Up! A Parent’s Guide To Eating 
Problems by Dr David Haslam is 
published hr Macdonald tomorrow at 

Safe but stylish: designer 
homes for old hands 

Most of Britain’s 
pensioners live 
in homes built 

for families but 

fraught with risks 

for the old, says 

Suzanne Greaves 

T he apparently straight- 
forward task of con- 
vening her mother's 
fiat into a home more suit- 
able io the needs of an active 
but not so agile elderly wom- 
an. revealed for Helen 
Hamlyn the safety plight of 
Britain’s 10 million pension- 
ers — 95 per cent of whom 
live in homes designed for 
families but fraught with 
hazards for older occupants. 

As the wife of Paul 
Hamlyn, a director of News 
International (publishers of 
The Times) and publisher of 
Octopus Books, it might have 
been templing for Mrs 
Hamlyn to install a compan- 
ion or nurse and then, free 
from worry for her mother's 
safety, pursue her busy life as 
interior designer and hostess 
in the three Hamlyn homes. 

Instead, angered by the 
lack of concern shown by 
manufacturers and shopkeep- 
ers for the needs of one-fifth 
of the population, she 
scoured Europe and the Unit- 
ed States for household appli- 
ances and more comfortable 
furniture, that would enable 
her mother, octogenarian 
Mrs Constance Jones, to 
remain independent 
Her shopping snowballed 
as friends with parents living 
alone came to her for advice. 
They wanted to know where 
to find clothes with easy 
fastenings: asked about easi- 
ly-gripped gardening tools 
and wanted Mrs Hamlyn to 
design kitchen and bathroom 

If friends were impressed 
with Helen Hamlyn’s crusad- 
ing concern and growing 
knowledge, so was her hus- 
band. Instead of whisking her 
away for a holiday of a 
lifetime on her 50th birthday 
recently, he presented her 
with an elaborate scroll. 

On it were written the 
terms of The Helen Hamlyn 
Foundation, a tax-exempt 
charity he had endowed for 
the development of t he physi- 
cal and social environment in 
which older people could lead 
full and useful lives. 

“It was the most amazing 
present”, says Mrs Hamlyn. 
“Shopping with my mother 
fora non-slip bath, better and 
nicely designed bathroom 
safety rails, and buying a 
cooker with large dials and 
easily-turned knobs revealed 
an appalling lack of products. 
Many that were available 
looked ugly. Just because you 
happen to be a certain age. 
why should you have to put 
up with purely functional 

“Clothes were another 
problem: awkward zips and 
hooks made it impossible for 

Age aid: Mrs Hamlyn and her mother 

someone on their own to 
fasten a dress. At 80. my 
mother was popping along to 
the local pool for diving 
lessons and motoring around 
London, so she needed no 
nursing care. But she did 
need to live in an environ- 
ment free of slippery flooring 
or hazards which result in a 
broken hip or twisted ankle.” 

Like anyone else with a 
problem. Mrs Hamlyn turned 
to friends for help. In her case 
they happened to be influen- 
tial people: international com- 
pany executives, publishers, 
architects — and Sir Terence 
Conran, the chairman of 
Molhcrcare/Habiiat Anxious 
to help and doubtless im- 
pressed that retired people 
currently command a com- 
bined disposable income ap- 
proaching £1.000 million. Sir 
Terence agreed to head the 
judges in a design competition 
organized by The Helen 
Hamlyn Foundation in associ- 
ation with Age Concern, the 
Conran Foundation and the 
Society of Industrial . Artists 
and Designers. 

T here were 150 entries, 
all design products to 
help elderly people stay 
safe at home, and 16 have 
been commissioned for fur- 
ther development. Next 
month the winning project 
will be exhibited at the Vic- 
toria & Albert Museum. 

Dr Eric Midwinter, direc- 
tor of the Centre for Policy on 
Ageing, agrees with Helen 
Hamlyn that specialist prod- 
ucts for i he older generation 

are stark and scarce. He 
would like to see well-de- 
signed goods advertised on 
television, pitched to the 
needs of a generation which 
spends some £20 billion a 

S itting in the calm interi- 
or of the Hamlyn's 
Bau ha us-designed 
home, the world of the hard- 
up. immobile pensioner 
seems far away. But strewn 
over the coffee table are plans 
for a flexible kitchen with 
adjustable shelves and work- 
ing surfaces to accommodate 
even wheelchair-bound occu- 
pants. Mrs Hamlyn hopes 
this kitchen will form the 
basis of a core of specially- 
designed rooms that can be 
used by architects of purpose- 
built flats for elderly people. 

“Much of the detail has 
been road-tested by potential 
users. It’s no good designing 
something which a younger 
person may believe is ideal 
and then discovering it is 
totally inappropriate for the 
age group it is meant for" 
Mrs Hamlyn explains . 

British Rail arc delighted 
with the success of their 
Senior Citizen Rail Cards and 
Saga Holidays, specialists in 
travel for the elderly, have no 
shortage of lakers. Small 
wonder that Helen Hamlyn is 
convinced wc arc at the 
threshold of a new commer- 
cial era of pensioner power. 

“Yctr Designs For Old" runs 
from May 2V to July 3 at the 
Boilerhousc Project. Victoria 
d Albert Museum. London. 




Nanking Caigp 
Chinese Porcelain and Gold 

* fan tailed fish, area 1750, 45 crtt-diam. 

Sale at the Hilton Hotel, Amrterdam 
Monday 28 April 1986 
at J0.30 am, 2-fPfJ 

Tuesday 29 April-Fnday 2 May 1S86 

at 10.30 am and 130 pm each day 
Viewing at Christie^ Amsterdam only 
19 April-27 April, 1986 
at 10 am -4 pm each day 
The sale includes over 3,000 lots of _ 
Chinese Porcelain and Gold, Metalwork, 


Cbrisad* ■ 

Cornells Scbuy****** 1 57 
1071 JGAmaoik® 
TeL- (3L201 64 20 U 
Ifcicx: 15758 


g King Street, St James's, 
London swit <Cfr 
TfcL 101) 8399060 

S' ., THOC5W29 

Milk of human unkindness 

From F. M. M. Steiner. 
Reform Club. Pall Mail , 
London SW}. 

Penny Perrick has for once not 
done her homework (Monday 
Page, April 7). Though the 
proportion of milk delivered to 
the doorstep is cteariy faffing, 
and I do not suppose that the 
system can last Cor ever, far 
more than 50 per cent of the 
country's mOk fe still defivered 
by those mUkmea whom Ms 
Perrick believes to be extinct. 
In my north London suburb 
they deliver foe nrilk — ia 
returnable glass bottles at 
that -just as much as in my 
wife's rmal Midlands vflbgge. 

Brt Ms PerrickYmistake « 
more fundamental, m that she 
dearly assumes that all wom- 
en have a lifestyle similar to 
ha own. There are still wanes 
in curias — I see then an the 
bns almost every day. There 
are stfll women whom PP 
would regard as “non- 
working" in foe sense . that 
they are not gainfully em- 
ployed outside the household, 
and they make up well over 46 
pa cent ef all married women. 

Most women, and most men 
I hasten to add, do set have 
careers but hare jobs aid 
though they may in d ee d he 
short of ttee for baking, many 
of Aon stiff manage to do 
some. It may be nigg li ng in 
point out, hr reply to whit my 
hare been intended as n fight- 
hearted cotaran, that foe pro- 
portion of pe nsioners and 
other retired women is rising 
sharply and fort they at least 
are more concerned with sav- 
ing money than time. 

What I am really trying to 
say is foal your eotanmist is no 
doubt right in emp lan ing 
that advertisements same- 
times pah* a non-realbtie 
picture of today's women, but 
that women in foe prefesstons 
and foe media are at least as 
much at featt m thferifrig feat 
they and their lifestyle are foe 


Nostalgia milked 

From MrG. A. Goodeve. 
Outwood Common Road, 
Bittericay. Essex. 

Having read many columns by 
Penny Perrick, I am familiar 
with her individual style and 
views. I cannot, however, allow 
her views go un chall enged. 

Contrary to ha statement 
(not, apparently, ha opinion), 
I lire in a town faD of ordinary 
people, where milk is delivered 
to tie doorstep la bottles, fish 
sold front the fishmonger's 
dab, and cakes are made in 
thousands of kitchens. I far- 
ther believe that there are 
many, many towns in this land 
where life is siaular, where life 
b real and far from nostalgic. 

Her s tatements , therefore! 
to be n ar row- min ded 

Realistic advice 

From Susan Rudge. 

Church View Road, Pitney. 

As the btissfoDy happy poten- 
tial adopters of a one-year-old- 
baby boy we thank you fa 
year recent article cm the 
plight of the infertile 
(W edne sday Page, April 9). 
Some very valuable points 
were hi g hli g hted. It was Stat- 
ed, quite correctly, that foe 
investigations and treatment 
are a lengthy procedure; that 
massy of. foe couples aff ect e d 
are in their urid-30s and that 
onjy one in three are. success- 
fully treated. 

Fa these reasons, coupled 
with the shortage of children 
available for adoption, we 
respectfully suggest that infer- 
tility clinks give a realistic 
appraisal to couples of the 
dwwPM of a successful preg- 
nancy ever occurring. 

It is so very easy to forfeit 
the chance of adoption while 
chasing a biological 

The psychological effects of 
infertility can be overwhelm- 
ing and yet in our experience 
(we were treated privately for 
five years) there were no 
opportunities for counselling 
or even discussion groups. 

Outrageous claim 

From Sarah Merrill. 
Nenlcstone. NUtty Abbey. 

] feel ns strong!)' » Heather 
Kirby (Friday Page, April 4) 
that it is neglige nee for anyone 
to leave young children alone 
ina house. 

But I was astonished and 
bemnsed by the article, which 
1 found outrageous in its 
charges and very contradic- 
tory. How coaM she hare 
chosen to quote Jill Knight's 
unfounded and nuproven 
churn: “A woman who is 
prepared to knock a kid off 
before it is horn is Uahie nor to 
bother that much about one 
when it is", to back np her 

Are they really claiming 
that all women who have 
abortions are potential child 
negketors. Where is the 

At the same time, bow could 
Heather Kirby possibly feel 
sympathy for those parents 
who cannot afford babysitters 
and so, if they want an evening 
out, use their only option and 
take a risk? 

Is it then not negligence if 
you are poor to leave your 
children alone in the bonse — 
but potential negligence to 
have an abortion? 

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Make the best a touch better. 

214 i7ma 







Yesterday 1 revealed Eddy Shah's 
plans for a new British “quality" 
newspaper. Today l ha\e further 
news: Robert Maxwell is to launch 
a new London evening paper in 
the autumn. The man he warns as 
editor is Magnus Linklatcr. cur- 
rently managing editor (news) of 
The Ohsrrrir. Former Standard 
editor Charles Wintour has been 
taken on os an adviser. Yesterday 
Wintour. who recently and un- 
expectedly quit as editor of the L K 
Fro a Uoicuv. bridled when asked 
about the new paper. "I have no 
comment whatsoever on the 
situation", he said. Maxwell's 
plans will surprise some who were 
convinced such a project had been 
ditched amid falling circulation 
within the Mirror group. The news 
will doubtless worry Lord 
Rothermcre's Associated News- 
papers. which recently announced 
it is considering relaunching the 
old London Evening Sens, and 
the Chequepoint finance group, 
which has also announced plans 
for a London evening paper. 

Perks up 

Pity the drinks cabinets of 10 
IXwvning Street and the Depart- 
ment ofT radeand Industy if Swan 
Hunter fails to beat oil' Harland 
WollTand clinch the government's 
£240 million shipbuilding con- 
tract. due to be announced shortly. 
When Swan Hunter's £100 mil- 
lion Royal Navy frigate HMS 
Coventry was secretly launched 
Iasi week, the management sent 
gift-wrapped champagne to both 
Mrs T and Trade Secretary Paul 
Channon. Both accepted antdily — 
"If anyone wants to send the 
Prime Minister a bottle of cham- 
pagne. it's certainly OK with her”, I 
trills Number 10. ’ 


•Just like the old days' 

Jenkin II 

Undaunted by Patrick Jenkin’s 
experience at the hands of the 
prime minister, his son Bernard 
presses on with his political career. 
Already chairman of Matching 
parish council in Essex, he is now 
standing for councillor in Tower 
Hamlets, cast London, where Iasi 
time the Tory limped home with 
less than 3 per cent of the vote. 
And it docs not stop there. In the 
week Patrick Jenkin was sacked as 
Environment Secretary. Bernard 
was successfully interviewed by 
Central Office to join the ap- 
proved candidate list. He now 
hopes to find a scat before the next 
election. “My father's experience 
has made me more determined." 
he says. 

Chain reaction 

Central TV was delighted when its 
him crew was called out to report a 
successful victim-support scheme 
in Preston. Proud policemen led 
them to the home of an elderly 
woman who had been burgled but 
was now an exemplary pupil of 
their lessons on home security. 
Unfortunately, she had learnt too 
well: despite every blandishment 
shouted through the letter-box, 
she refused to open up. “The 
police have told me not too," she 
said sternly. 

Purple prose 

Quotable quote from the new 
editor of the Daily Express . Nick 
Lloyd. He told Marketing Week 
that the new-look Express "has to 
be the sort of paper Sarah Fer- 
guson would read . . 

Inn ad out 

Beware Grand Metropolitan hos- 
lelries bearing the legend “Mickey 
Mouse slept here." The company 
is today censured by the Advertis- 
ing Standards Authority for 
advertising its London Apprentice 
Inn at Isleworth. Middlesex, as “at 
least 500 years old — Among its 
royal patrons were Henry V1H. 
Charles II and Lady Jane Grey." 
As if that wasn’t enough. Grand 
Met went on to write in its 
promotional leaflets of ". . . ceil- 
ing decoration ... designed and 
executed by Italian craftsmen in 
about the year 1600". The com- 
plainant. from Old Isleworth. was 
confused: he underctood no build- 
ing stood on the site before 1638. 
The leaflets arc now io be with- 
drawn. Also censured today: 
Domark of London for sending 
■children photographs of two 
masked figures dressed as Father 
Christmas, wielding an axe and 
chainsaw, to promote a computer 
game. "Fridav 1 3th”. In Suffolk, 
the firm Solo 1 is attacked for 
publishing "a photograph ot a 
male hand removing a pair of 
briefs from a female model and 
which carried the caption 'Men 
Only Night' 



Bombing is not the answer 

by David Owen 

On January Q. 1952, at the 
conclusion of iheir conversation 
in Washington. President Truman 
and Prime Minister Winston 
Churchill issued a communique 
saying that the use of US bases in 
the UK "in an emergency would 
be a matter for joint decision by 

HM Government and the LIS 
Government in the light of the 
circumstances prevailing at the 

It is these two words “joint 
decision" which will now haunt 
Mrs Thatcher as she seeks to 
justify her decision to agree to the 
deployment of American aircraft 
from the three air bases in the 
United Kingdom to bomb targets 
in Libya. For the implications also 
go to the root of the arguments 
about US nuclear bases in the UK 
and the case for “dual key" control 
oferuise missiles. 

For joint decision to mean 
anything, it must mean that Mis 
Thatcher, with the help of expert 
advice, satisfied herself first on the 
legality of the American action, 
secondly on the technical feasibil- 
ity. and thirdly on the political 
advisability of the action. 

On the evidence so far avail- 
able. Mrs Thatcher was unwise to 
give her agreement on all three 
counts. FirsL there is considerable 
doubt whether the US was acting 
within both the spirit and the 
letter of international law. There 
has been far too much talk from 
President Reagan and others of 
retaliation, reprisal and revenge 
for this action to be convincingly 
described as one of self-defence 
under Article 51 of the UN 

Even to begin to recover lost 
ground with world opinion on the 
legality of the action under the UN 
Charter, the Americans and the 
British must now go to the 
Security Council and lay before it 
as much of the intelligence ev- 
idence as they dare: evidence that 
not only specifically links Libya 
with the bombing of the Berlin 
disco, but more importantly cov- 
ers the detail of future threats on 
which a case for self-defence had 
to rest. 

The intelligence community 
will argue — as it did to President 
Kennedy at the lime of the Cuban 
missile crisis in 1962 - that noth- 

ing should be revealed. Kennedy- 
ignored much of that caution and 
did present, in modified form, the 
satellite photographs showing the 
missiles on site in Cuba. 

At that time, when little was 
known about satellite photog- 
raphy, he did risk gi ving the Soviet 
Union valuable information 
about US intelligence capabilities, 
but it transformed world altitudes 
to the US decision to impose a 
quarantine. That naval quarantine 
stopped prohibited material being 
transported to Cuba and was 
justified as preventive force in 

keeping with Article 2 (4) of the 
United Nations Charter. 

Means must be found of reveal- 
ing more about Colonel Gadaffi's 
intentions, otherwise the world 
will conclude that there is no 
evidence and. that the Americans 
have merely used the possibility of 
his imen Lions to justify their air 
strikes. Even so. it will be hard to 
convince even European opinion 
that air strikes at night on a city 
like Tripoli could do anything 
other than risk civilian lives. It 
appears to many to be a wholly 
disproportionate use of force. 

There were alternatives. Eco- 
nomic sanctions were loo lightly 
dismissed when Reagan requested 
European co-operation. A ban on 
air flights in and out of Libya 
would have been a reasonable 
sanction. This could have been 
reinforced by a total quarantine, 
initially involving military ma- 
terial and then possibly going on 
to include oiL But if air attacks 
had to be undertaken, why not hit 
unpopulated oil jetties and thus 
the Libyan economy? 

■ in the anarchic world in which 
we live, where states practise 
terrorism, we have to develop far 
more sophisticated pressures to 
make such states abide by inter- 
national law. We wiH never do this 
if the one democratic superpower 
acts with scant regard for that law. 

The US action over the Gulf of 
Sine was justified under inter- 
national law. in hijacking hijack- 
ers and forcing down an Egyptian 
airliner, it acted outside the law — 
as it has once again. Why else 
have both America and Britain 
always condemned such air at- 
tacks when practised by Israel? 

Even if the intelligence is re- 
vealed and it gives a better 
justification for the bombing un- 
der -the UN Charter than appears 
at present, we are still left to 
question whether it will achieve its 
political objective. Here, Ido not 
give as much credence as others 
have to the view that ft will 
buttress Libya in the Arab world. 
There has always been a tendency 
to indulge in public double-speak 
by- Arab countries which privately 
want Colonel Gadaffi's terrorist 
activities checked. 

But Gadaffi is not mad. Rather, 
he is a dedicated revolutionary 
who is unlikely to stop exporting 
terrorism as a result of a few 
bombing raids. Presumably Rea- 
gan does not intend to persist 
week after week. Libya needs to 
feefstcady and relentless pressure, 
stretching the. country militarily, 
weakening -ft economically and 
undermining it politically. Such a 
strategy' may not have the glamour 
of;aft air strike, but it is the only 
hope of restraining a regime that is 
rapidly moving out of control. 

Mary Dejevsky explains the inhibitions behind the Soviet rhetoric 

Why Moscow 
for Gadaffi 

"A barbarous attack" and "a new 
bloody crime" was how the Soviet 
news agency Tass first described 
the US raids on Libya yesterday 
morning. It was a' predictable 
reaction to an event that Moscow 
had been predicting for a month, 
and the. pitch of Soviet indigna- 
tion is likely to rise as the week 
goes on. But however shrill the 
rhetoric, it is unlikely to be 
translated into military action in 
suppon of Libya 

In the .first place, the US 
administration — however ac- 
curate its intelligence, however 
detailed its studies of Soviet 
behaviour in the past - would 
probably not have undertaken the 
attack without at least a tacit 
assurance from Moscow that there 
would be no Soviet military 
response. The mechanisms for 
obtaining such an assurance are 
the US-Soviet hotline and dip- 
lomatic contacts. 

So when, with the military 
operation already under way. the 
US Secretary of Slate. George 
Shultz, called in the Soviet charge 
d'affaires to explain that the attack 
was directed exclusively against 
terrorists and not against the 
Soviet Union, this would have 
been more of a diplomatic cour- 
tesy than anylhing else. But even if 
the United States had not formally 
ascertained the Soviet Union's 
probable response, it could have 
calculated that the odds on Mos- 
cow choosing to intervene mili- 
tarily on Libya's behalf were long 

Since the Cuban missile crisis 
more than 20 years ago. Moscow 
has shown a marked reluctance to 
engage directly in military opera- 
tions which could lead to conflict 
with the United States. A 
combination of belligerent anti- 
American rhetoric and Kremlin 
inscrutability has given the im- 
pression that Moscow is just 
biding its lime before attacking US 
interests. In practice, threats have 
not been followed through: not in 
Grenada, not in Central .America. 

and especially not in the Middle 

The Soviet Union has at- 
tempted to maintain a discreet 
neutrality in the Gulf War. despite 
having a friendship treaty with 
Iraq which could oblige it to offer 
military backing. Moscow has sold 
Iraq arms, so it is believed, for oil. 
Bui it has continued to report the 
war from both sides, to emphasize 
its destructive effects and to call 
for a negotiated settlement. 

Similarly in the case of Syria, 
with which Moscow also has a 
friendship treaty. When Israel 
invaded Lebanon, first knocking 
out Syria's Soviet-made missiles, 
the Soviet Union declined to come 
to its immediate aid. Syria's 
missiles were subsequently re- 
placed and upgraded: more mili- 
tary advisers were sent in from 
Moscow. But the fact remained 
that when Syria most needed it, 
Soviet assistance was not forth- 

Moscow’s unwillingness to do 
anything that might upset the 
current uneasy peace in the Mid- 
dle East may be one factor in its 
likely response - or lack of it — to 
the US raids on Libya. Another 
faaor. just as compelling, is the 
Soviet leadership's own misgiv- 
ings about Colonel Gadaffi. 

From a distance, the Libyan 
leader is a beneficiary of all the 
hyperbolic praise the Soviet media 
can bestow. The Soviet Union is 
Libya's main arms supplier — to 
the tune of about S 1 5 billion — 
and there are an estimated 5.000 
Soviet military advisers stationed 

there. Relations between the two 
countries give every impression of 
cordiality. Beneath the surface, 
however, there are tensions 

Libya under Gadaffi has consis- 
tently taken the part of Islamic 
fundamentalism - in Iran, Syria 
or Egypt - and this is something 
Moscow cannot endorse, for ideo- 
logical and domestic political 
reasons. Moscow has also tended 
to blame Libya for divisions in the 
Arab worid 

Above aJL though. Moscow 
finds it unpalatable to give overt 
support to a leader who so openly 
espouses terrorism. This was al- 
ways difficult for Moscow because 
of the risk that its international 
reputation would become sullied 
by association with terrorists and 
their backers. But it became 
doubly difficult last year, when 
Soviet citizens were taken hostage 
in Lebanon, and the Soviet Union 
thus fell victim to Middle East 
terrorism for the first time. 

The differences between Mos- 
cow and Libya emerge periodi- 
cally in the vexed but as yet 
hypothetical question of a Soviet- 
Libyan friendship treaty. The 
possibility of such a treaty was 
first mooted, apparently by the 
Russians, three years ago. But 
despite Libyan prompting, no 
treaty has yet been signed.. 
Disagreement over the treaty was 
believed to be behind a diplomatic 
incident during Gadaffi's last visit 
to Moscow. Iasi October, when he 
failed to turn up for his farewell 
banquet. He claimed his driver 
had been given the wrong address. 

The lack of a friendship treaty 
makes it easier for Moscow now to 
leave Libya to the mercy of US 
warplanes' without losing fece. 
.And the Soviet leadership will 
doubtless be grateful that no treaty 
.- wascoriclpdedlBuLthereare other 
' reasons why the ArneriCah action 
may not entirely displease Mikhail 

^Tfie attack maybe helpful to the' 
Soviet leadership as it seeks to 
formulate its long-term policy 
towards the United States. Righ- 
teous indignation in Moscow 
could provide a pretext for at least 
delaying the planned Soviet-US 
summit meeting in Washington, if 
not abandoning ft altogether. 

At the same time, the fact that 
the United Stales decided to use 
direct military action against 
Libya will confirm in the Soviet 
Union the image of President 
Reagan as a trigger-happy cowboy ; 
.who does -not flinch at attacking 
civilian targets. This is the image i 
continually stressed by the Soviet 
media,- but Reagan’s Jive appear- 
ance on Soviet television immedi- 
ately after the Geneva summit 
meeting did much to dilute it The 
raids on Libya will have restored 
his "Ram bo" persona more effec- 
tively than anything the Soviet 
media could produce. 

But these are secondary bene- 
fits. Assuming the Soviet Union 
takes no direct action in response 
to the US raids. Moscow is left 
giving an impression of weakness 
which is unlikely to please its 
allies. In an attempt to counter 
this, Soviet representatives are 
likely to press the case against the 
United States; at every possible 
international forum. 

They are also likely to back any 
united action that may be taken by 
the Arab. League. This would’have 
an added advantage for Moscow 
in view of the present Soviet 
Ieaderships-interest in improving 
relations with the moderate Arab 
states. But this is a small return for 
the Soviet Union's considerable 
outlay in. Libya. 

Who will judge the judges to be? 

Pressure is mounting for reform of 
the method of appointing judges. 
The plan — to change an informal 
and rather secret system of 
appointments by the civil servants 
of the Lord Chancellor’s Depart- 
ment and make it more open and 
accountable — does not come 
from the consumer lobby, or 
radical pressure groups, but from 
the Bar of England and Wales. 

There is a growing view among 
barristers that, as judges bear 
more cases with political implica- 
tions, the link between the ju- 
diciary and the government 
through the office of the Lord 
Chancellor is undesirably close. 
There has also been concern for 
some lime that the present system 
is ill-matched to new demands, 
both in society and the profession. 
As one barrister put it. “The 
system has produced high-quality 
judges, and the officials arc ex- 
tremely conscientious in their job 
of consulting on the suitability of 
judicial appointments. But it is an 
informal system leading to what is 
essentially personal patronage". 

Di scon lent surfaced last sum- 
mer when a radical group of 
barristers secured seats on the Bar 
Council by promising reform in a 
number of areas concerning the 
profession. One complaint was 

that leaders of the Bar. looking to 
their own careers, had been 
unwilling to step out of line and 
raise the issue of judicial appoint- 
ments on behalf of the rank and 

Even those selected by the 
system to be judges are bound by 
similar constraints if they nurture 
hopes of higher office. Judge 
Pickles, a Northern circuit judge, 
maintains that unless be and his 
colleagues are prepared to relin- 
quish any hope of promotion, they 
cannot speak ouL Lord Hailsham. 
the Lord Chancellor, said in a 
recent speech that two judges of 
the highest ability and reputation 
had had their promotion blocked 
because of the “blindest political 

The system’s secrecy fosters 
such fears. It also runs contrary to 
the trend for more openness in 
both government and the pro- 
fessions. Worse, it creates unease 
and suspicion when barristers do 
not seem to progress as they 

There are other objections: first, 
that the system depends on the 
expertise of the government of- 
ficials who lake soundings on 
suitability for the bench — an 
expertise which may now be high. 

but cannot be guaranteed in the 
future. Secondly, the system is 
informal, dating from ihe days 
when the pool of candidates was 
small. The profession has grown 
rapidly, and with solicitors now 
eligible for the circuit bench the 
job of monitoring performance is 
much more onerous. 

Talks between Lord Hailsham 
and the Common Law Bar Associ- 
ation last year prompted a land- 
mark speech by the Lord 
Chancellor ih which he described 
how judges are chosen from the 
practising Bar (together with solic- 
itors for the circuit bench) after 
wide consultation between the 
offirials and leaders of the pro- 
fession. The final decision rests 
with either the Lord Chancellor 
or — for Court of Appeal and 
House of Lords appointments — 
the Queen. 

Many barristers now want re- 
form to go further. The Bar 
Council is likely to set up a 
working party to report on the 
options, one of which is certain to 
be the creation of a committee of 
lawyers — including the Lord 
Chief Justice, the Attorney Gen- 
eral. the chairman of the Bar and 
the president of the Law Society — 
which would take over the job of 
recommendation from the civil 

sen-ants. Some ait bound to want 
lay committee members, arguing 
that the test of accountability may 
not be satisfied by lawyers alone. 
The final decisions would remain 
with the Lord Chancellor and the 

Coming at the present time, the 
proposals could make for further 
friction between the Bar and the 
Lord Chancellor's Department, 
where relations are already 
strained because of the Bar’s 
successful court action over legal 
aid fees. The Bar has taken on 
Lord Hailsham as a member of the 
government; but as he is also the 
chief of their profession he shares 
many of their concerns. 

Many are happy for him to 
remain part of the appointments 
system. But there have always 
been critics of this dose connec- 
tion with government who want 
the Lord Chancellor's responsibil- 
ity for the judiciary to be separate 
from its administration. Now, 
with more and more cases 
challenging government derisions 
coming before the courts, those 
criticisms are gaining strength. 

Frances Gibb 

The umibir is legal affairs- 
canesyotijau qf'The Times. 

Michael Stephen 

Needed: a real 
rule of law 

The American air attack upon 
Libyan territory. has brought into 
sharp relief the inadequacy of the 
machinery by which practical 
effect may be given to inter- 
national law. 

Both the United States and 
Libya ace members of the United 
Nations, and have accepted the 
obligations contained in its Char- 
ter. Article 2 provides that all 
members shall refrain in their 
international relations from the 
threat or use of feree against the 
territorial integrity or political 
independence of any state, or in 
any other manner inconsistent 
with ihe purposes of the United 

The American attack was not 
directed against the political in- 
dependence of Libya but was 
intended to punish its government 
for involvement in international 
terrorism and to deter it from such 
involvement in the future. How- 
ever, there is little doubt that force 
was used against the territorial 
integrity of Libya. 

Nevertheless Article 51 pro- 
vides that nothing in the present 
Charter shall impair the inherent 
right of individual or collective self 
defence if an armed attack occurs 
against a member of -the United 
Nations, until the Security Council 
has taken the measures necessary 
to maintain international peace 
and security. 

I take the view that m the 
modern worid an armed attack 
against the aircraft and citizens of 
a state constitutes an armed attack 
upon the. state: and further, that 
the doctrine of self-defence applies 
in relation to both actual and 
reasonably-anticipated attacks. 

The inherent right of self- 
defence was defined in 1837 in the 
case of the steamer Caroline. She 
was being used to transport men 
and equipment across the Niagara 
River from the United States in 
support of a rebellion in Canada. 
There was a skirmish in which 
some Americans were killed and 
the vessel was sent to its destruc- 
tion over the fells. The govern- 
ment of Canada claimed it was 
exercising its right of self-defence. 

The US Secretary of State, 
Daniel Webster, replied with the 
following definition of that right, 
which has since become generally 
accepted: There must be a neces- 
sity of self defence, instant, 
overwhelming, leaving no choice of 
means and no moment for delib- 
eration. Further, ihe act justified 
by the necessity of seffdfjence 
must be limited by that necessity 
and kept clearly within iL 

(f it .be- assumed that Libyan 
complicity in armed attacks, 
whether actual or anticipated, can 
be proved, Libya - is dearly in * 
violation of international law, but 
it is doubtful on the known facts 
whether the American air raid 
satisfies either the first or the 
second limb of that definition, and 

its legally nuist therefore be 

^'/S'Srernative ground on which 
the raid might be justified is by 
reference to the doctnne of repn- 
sals. defined in the A au/tla* 
Arbitration of 1928. but even 
under that doctrine the raid on 
Libya was probably dispropor- 
tionate to the provocation. In any 
event the modem view is mat the 
doctrine has been overruled by 
Articles 2 (3) and 2 (4) of the UN 

However, when the Charter was 
negotiated at San Francisco in 
1945 the delegates believed that 
they were constructing a hew 

worid order in which the use of 
force by an aggrieved slate would 
be unnecessary. They believed 
that the organs of the new 
organization, notably the Security 
Council and the International 
Court of Justice, would be able to fc- 
keep the peace and do justice 
between states. 

Sadly, their belief was not 
fulfilled, principally owing to the 
use of the veto in the Security 
Council and failure by members of 
all UN organs to deal feiriv, 
objectively and promptly with the 
disputes that came before them. 

As a matter of law therefore I 
consider that the Americans 
should have made a complaint to 
the Security Council under Article 
35, but they formed the view, 
probably correctly, that no effec- 
tive action would have been taken. 

The Americans may well have 
decided that there is no obligation 
to respect the legal rights of a state * 
that does not respect the legal 
rights of others, and they appear to 
have made a judgement that 
nationssuch as Libya will be less 
likely to violate international law 
if they understand that by so doing 
they forfeit its protection. This is 
of course a political judgement 
Only time will tell whether it was 

In a developed system of law, 
such as exists in the United 
Kingdom, the justification for 
depriving the citizen of his right to 
use “self-help" is that the legal 
system will protect his legitimate 
interests on his behalf, but if that 
system breaks down citizens will 
inevitably assert their natural right 
to protect their own interests as 
they see fit. So it is at . the £ 
international level. 

In the modern worid terrorism 
has become a phenomenon which 
is not only intolerable but is also a 
growing threat to international 
peace. Accordingly, if the United 
Nations - expects to be taken 
seriously ft must convene 2 con- 
ference as a matter of urgency for 
the purpose of negotiating effective 
legal -measures against inter- 
national terrorism. For as long as 
there is no effective legal older, 
stales will of necessity take the law 
into their own hands. 

The author is a barrister 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

And now, a word 
from our sponsor 

This publication recently printed a 
furious letter, from Mr Basil 
Boo thro yd. protesting against the 
commercialization of lime by 
British Telecom. “At the third 
stroke the time from Accurist will 
be..." intones the Speaking 
Cock, thus ensuring that Mr 
Boothroyd would not. to his dying 
day. buy anything, made by 

I know how he feels. 1 tend to 
feel ihe same way myself. I gel 
depressed when cricket scores, 
weather forecasts, share prices and 
other things, which should be a 
force of nature arrive with a 
commercial label newly attached. 

J get depressed when leagues 
become- Gola Leagues and tests 
become Cable and Wireless Tests 
and cups become Milk Cups. Who , 
warns a designer cup when or- 
dinary cups were perfectly all 
right? It is like finding that a piece 
of countryside has suddenly be- 
come An Area of Outstanding 
Natural Beauty or a chunk of 
Heritage Coastline. Designer land- 
scape. indeed. 

Bui then I shake off my de- 
pression with ihe thought that 
nothing has really changed. When 
a label sticks long enough, it 
becomes part of the product. The 
term Heritage Coastline may seem 
raw and new. but Cornish Riviera 
was in its day a commercial term 
dreamt up by the Great Western 

You could argue thatwc need 
more terms like that., not fewer. 
The Mediterranean countries 
spatter their coastlines with de- 
signer labels like Costa Blanca and 
Cote d'Azur: the Germans publi- 
cize their Romamische Sirassc 
and the Spaniards their Ruta de 
los Pueblos Blancos: but we do not 
have angry letters in The Times 
about it. 

Ner is it the first time, come to 
think of iL that time has been 
given a label. If time belongs to 
everyone, as Mr Boothroyd and I 
would like to think, then how dare 
we call it British Summer Time? 
And ifyou claim that that is just a 
local variant, then how dare we 
call it Greenwich Mean Time? If 
that is not designer time. 1 do not 
know what it is. 

There is a huge clock-tower 
rising above the elevated section 
of the M4 coming into London 
which for many years bore the 
name “Martini" - indeed, it was 
known as the Martini Clock. 
Then, for a while, it carried the 
name “Wimpcy*, f think, and now 
it is labelled “Tcc". But whenever 

I hear it referred to. it is still called 
the Martini Clock, which seems to 
prove that brash commercialism 
can mature into the landscape and 
thereafter into nostalgia. 

And surely there is more of this 
to come, not less. 1 find it 
astonishing, for instance, that road 
signs have so far gone 
unsponsorcd. “Give Way". “Turn 
Right” and "Slough and The 
West", we arc told. Something 
missing here, surely. Why not 
“Give Way with Ferodo". “Turn 
Right with Esso” or “Accurist 
brings you Slough and The West"? 
A wonderful new source of rev- 
enue here, at the risk onlv of 
annqying Mr Boothroyd. - 

Police messages seem to offer 
another totally unexploited field. 
"United Cupcakes asks you to 
avoid the M25. after an accident 
has closed Exit 13...": “Perrier 
brings you Ibc latest burst water- 
mains in the London area ...” It 
may seem startling now. but give it 
a few years and who would 
remember a time when it was not 

The final stronghold. I suppose, 
would be our political institutions. 
Sponsored politics an outrage? 
Well, maybe, but already 1 some- 
times find myself referring, in all 
innocence, to our leader as Mrs 
Thaatchi. 1 suggest that we start bv 
gently inserting commercial 
sponsorship into new- Acts of 
Parliament — the Sunday Trading 
and Accurist Bill, for example — 
and then gradually move on to 
the Queen's Speech and the Bud- 
get. The Tory party already re- 
ceives such large sums ’from 
industry that it seems churlish not 
to recognize this in some way. 

A s always, the Americans arc 
first m the field. Critics have 
objected that their tactics vis-a-vis 
Liby-a seem governed in 
Ramboesque thinking Well o’f 
course they arc. In America, war is 
now almost indistinguishable 
trom showbiz, and thev would not 
tight one which could not eo 
straight on to television. SDL with 
ns laser technology, satellites and 
« « nn01 be understood 

unless it is seen as the greatest 
musical production of all time 
carrying on where Starlight 1\. 
/vmand Tune left off When the 
vnd of the w-orld comes, there will 
be a big flash and a sign in the skv 
reading; "This war to end allUra 
is brought to vou bv ** 

^rist? Ba- 

, > 

a vc 

\ >•; i..i~ 



1 Pennington Street, Lon don El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


-4 Mrs Thatcher cannot have 

- much enjoyed the early houre 
of yesterday morning. Soon 
after imdnight came the big- 
gest Commons revolt of this 
parliament and a defeat on a 
major plank of her programme 
to remove the random hand- of 
the bureaucrat from British 

• economic life; Then no sooner 
had Tory backbenchers 
gunned down the Shops B3I 

“*“2* 50011,8 Md Suns of- 
US Fill warplanes were in 

rather more serious action 

- against the cities of Libya. The 
first of these unconnected 

& events would, as she knew 
well bring the charge that she 
had failed to exert control over 
her. party, the second, that she 
had equally failed to influence 
actions carried out from Brit- 

- ish soil by President Reagan. 
And so. in the Commons later 
in the day, those charges duly 

Mrs Thatcher dealt deter- 
minedly with both - helped by 
the by-now predictably inept 
performance by the Labour 
leader Mr Kinnock. But her 
success was not without some 

! • uncomfortable moments. Al- 
though she was presenting a 
powerful case, it sometimes 
seemed as though she were 

. presenting a rather weak one. 
It remains a remarkable feet 
about British political life in 
1 986 that a Conservative 
Prime Minister has to struggle 
so hard to defend an ally's use 
of its own aircraft and its own 
pilots to attack a common 
enemy of western civilisation. 

The justification for the US 
raid ought not to have been in 
doubt. Mr Gadaffi runs a 
terrorist state. He uses the 
apparatus of that slate to 
attack individual citizens of 
the Western alliance. He re- 
serves special spite for the 
murder and attempted murder 
of Americans who are in his 
gun sights only because they 
are working away from home 
to protect Western freedoms. 
The US right to- retaliate 
should be easily jinderstood. 
Indeed although the specific 
type of threat which Gadaffi 
poses was little considered by 
the authors of the UN charter, 
it can be properly justified 
according to that charter’s 

And yet Mrs Thatcher was 
on the defensive over the exact 
number of ministers she con- 
sulted, over the extent of 
consultations with European 
leaders (whose locus in the 
matter was weak in the first 
instance and whose poor 
record of anti-terrorism 
scarcely brought them greater 
strength) and her subservience 
to Mr Reagan's whim. 

American action may, it is to 
be hoped, be more distin- 
guished 1 than yesterday's. .It is 
noteworthy, for example, that 
those MPs who were most 
exercised about the numberof 
civilian casualties were also 
those who would have refused 
the right of the US to use res 
more accurate FI 1 1 jets add 
force them to use instead only 
the less appropriate and less 
precise aircraft that were avail- 
able on the aircraft carriers of 
the Sixth Fleet Under Mr 
Bern's guidance, the regret- 
table civilian casualties in 
Tripoli would undoubtedly 
have been very much greater. 

Mrs Thatcher's difficulties 
did not of course, stem di- 
rectly from her Commons 
defeat the night before. But it 
must be clearer now than ft has 
ever been just how great a 
degree of political forde is 
required to win an argument 
that should have been but- 
toned up years ago bat which 
has been left hanging loose by 
the same mixture of fear and 
false premises that were dis- 
played in the Commons yes- 

First of all there is the 
curious idea that foreign af- 
fairs can somehow be man- 
aged without risk. It was 
almost possible to hear the. 
sharp intaking of breath when 
Mrs Thatcher mentioned the 
“risk" , of the acdoq in the 
Commons yesterday. In the 
nuclear age we have become 
used to recognising rids, even 
on occasions feeing up to 
them. But as to taking risks, 
the answer is na 

The greatest threat to West- 
ern freedoms may be the 
Soviet Union but that does not 
make the USSR the only 
threat The growth of terrorist 
states must be curbed while it 
still can be curbed. The risks of 
extension of the conflict must 
be minimised. And in this 
case, it would appear that it 
has been. 

The second fallacy is that 
the United States is not merely 
our big brother and 
fender but our twin-brother 
and spiritual soul-mate, that 
its motivations and impulses 
are not merely directed in our 
interests but mutually held 
between us. American 
nationalism is a necessary fuel 
of America’s world leadership. 
With it may come an ex- 
hibition of pride, anger and 
moral fervour which is not to 
European tastes. . Such senti- 
ments have rescued Europe in • 
the past and will be needed to 
do so again. European political 
opinion has to take account of - 
this force. For years it has 
prefered to ignore it. 

. Britain is, of course; in inafty 

respects, the least offender in 
this regard. But it also has one 
of thegreatesi problems. It is 
now in the process of acquiring 
the latest in a series of in- 
dependent nuclear deterrents, 
none of which has been quite 
as independent as British poli- 
ticians have often liked to 
pretend. In • the past a cosy 
relationship between the mili- 
tary establishment and the 
opposing political parties has 
ensured that the truth -about 
the role of Britain's bomb has 
been politely obscured. As Mr 
John Barry explained in his 
recent television documentary 
on the issue, this option is no 
longer available. Trident needs 
to be explained to the British 
public for what it really is. 
something imperfect, not nec- 
essarily the weapon we would 
have chosen if we were starting 
from scratch, but the best 
weapon on offer. One can 
choose one's friends in one's 
own image and to one's precise 
individual preference. One 
does not have that luxury with 
super-power allies and nuclear 

. There are many reasons why 
Britain needs Mrs Thatcher to 
be the strong leader of a strong 
and united party but the need 
to communicate an unambigu- 
ous sense of the military 
relation between this country 
and the United States is argu- 
ably the most important task 
that remains to her. Beside this 
need, all else must. pale. And 
indeed, she must be well aware 
that in the perilous shallows of 
Westland and BL where she 
has spent so much of this year 
so for. public suspicion of US 
intentions has always been just 
below the surface. The big 
failure has been pushing ahead 
the small failures. 

Mrs Thatcher's instincts are 
undoubtedly to be more hon- 
est on this issue than any of her 
recent predecessors. If she 
seemed occasionally hesitant 
yesterday, it is because, while 
the private mind may be dear, 
the public script is only sketch- 
ily inked in on -the political 
page. She was ill-advised, .for 
example, to say that it was 
“inconceivable" that per- 
mission for the Americans to 
use the bases would be denied. 
It is an important component 
of the relation between Great 
Britain and the United States 
that the one partner can 
conceive of denying the other. 
Officials with first-hand 
experience of the Prime 
Minister's conversations with 
Mi/ Reagan laugh off the 
“President’s poodle” charge as 
absurd. But it has to be seen to 
be absurd. And, through little 
fault of Mrs Thatcher's, that 
requires a major mission and a 
considerable struggle ahead. * 

Today’s debate on the 


On Monday night an expedi- 
ent coalition wrecked a sen- 
sible scheme for weekend 
retailing. The party of collec- 
tivism took upon itself, 
characteristically, the interests 
of producer groups. The party 
of the middle way abjured the 
majority of Britons, who are 
consumers. The Ulster Union- 
ists pursued their politics of 
vendetta, for all the world like 
those nineteenth century Irish 
nationalists who attempted to 
destroy the well-being of the 
kingdom for the sake of their 
separatism. .And for the rest, 
the Conservative Sabbatarians, 

this was a victory' of whited 
sepulchres, public Christians 
who put formality of obser- 
vance before all, policy ir- 
rationalists who would sooner 
see anachronism persist inan 
fairness meted out to shop- 
keepers, consumers and au 
those sincerely P^“ 

ple. Christian and non-enns- 
tian. who would ask merely to 
be allowed to make a personal 
choice about how they spend 
their time on Sunday. 

In the debate typocnp 

abounded. Spokesmen for to 

Labour Party. btoo*hW 
antagonists of capitalist enter 
prise during the ^L tu 
friends of small 
accumulation on a weeKena. 
Jews, brought up 


ference in markets, L fec * 
for big governmen t W Pffi g 

s* „rs S£- 

Wame the 

Government's business 

agers. saying they should have 
been more flexible (or less), 
made fewer concessions {or 
more), but the blunt fact is that 
the Government ran- up 
against a prime British. trait 
Fear of change. Married to 
sentimental regard for old 
ways, this proved an in- 
surmountable obstacle to leg- 
islative rationalization. no 
matter what the cost to the 
economic well-being of the 
agnostic majority. 

Mr Bitten was quick to 
announce the end of the Shops 
Bill, perhaps too quick. His 
celerity was understandable in 
the Parliamentary circum- 
stances, but come the day (and 
it is likely to be soon) when a 
perfectly respectable retailer ‘is 
subjected to criminal prosecu- 
tion for opening on Sunday, 
his haste may look like precip- 
itous flight. The issue. will not 
quietly die. The anomalies are 
too gross, the law and its 
execution too untidy.' .There 
are some who now project a 
sort of local option 1 with 
certain local authorities , force- 
fully implementing the .'law 
forbidding retail trading,' oth- 
ers turning a blind ,eye.' This 
would, indeed, be a sort of 
solution, kin to that recorn- 
mended by Mr Teddy Taylor 
and others earlier in the bill s 
transit. But it could become a 
worst case of quasi-ofncial 
tolerance of law-breaking - as 
intolerable in retail .trading as 
in traffic, or industrial rela- 
tions or anywhere else. The 
law is a seamless web. 

For Labour Mr Kaufman, 
ever the corpora tisL proposed 
a round-table conference of 
churches, shopkeepp and 
trades unionists, to dream tip 
some compromise. What is 
missing from bis' list are ine 
consumers, and there must be 
now be a temptation tor 

ministers to sit and wait for 
popular discontent to well up, 
at least in sufficient volume- to 
drown out the shrill tone of the 
lobbies that were so energeti- 
cally mobilized over the Shops 
Bill. It surely wilL • 

Meanwhile the failure of this 
bill, one so central to , the 
Government's ambition 1 of 
modernizing the. British econ- 
omy, gives rise to reflection. 
One concerns the relationship 
of the Church of England and 
the State. Far the bishops ’to 
align themselves with faction, 
as they have on more than one 
recent occasion, makes prob- 
lematic the Establishment of 
the Church. A Conservative 
government, possibly one re- 
freshed and renewed, would 
do well to think seriously 
about the future of the 
Church's constitutional ...po- 
sition, and it would-be thanked 
by the more open-minded 
clerics for doing so. 

Another line ' of thought 
concerns the strength of the 
forces opposed to moderniza- 
tion in Britain. The vote, the 
other night cut across*, the 
parties, showed how wide 
conservatism (small c) is 
distributed. Pundits may .be 
right in concluding that no 
lasting damage~was done ttf the 
Conservative Party's unity or 
ability to function as. the 
governing party. But a more 
serious, division within - the 
nation was exposed, not for the 
first time — and would have 
been more clearly Visible if 
such Labour MPs as. Mr 
Austin Mitchell, who espoused 
the purposes of the Shops Bill 
but had not the courage to 
follow through, had voted 
their consciences. -It . is a di- 
vision between -ancients, and 
modems; The ancients are in 
theascendanL ■ 


Fair treatment 
in shipbuilding 

Fn om the Chairman of Yam**' 
Shipbuilders Lid 

Sir. To dale Yarrow Shipbuilders 
has not publicly entered ihe 
debate as to which shipyard 
consortium may win the auxiliary 
oiler replenishments (AOR) order. 
Now. however, there appears a 
danger that the MoD competitive 
tendering policy may be discarded 
in favour of other less important 
criteria' which have been pro- 
moted by the noisy rhetoric of our 

The competitive tendering rules 
which have prevailed over the last 
IS months of tendering effort 
must be adhered to if the MoD is 
to obtain value for money and the 
best design package. 

The racts behind Yarrow's 
participation are: 

I. We are a fcev member iit the 
Hariand & Wolfr consortium and 
will handle about one third of the 
bid value from Scotland. This is 
similar to the residual value which 
would reside with the lead con- 
tractor — m our case Hariand & 

1 Wc. like Swan Hunter, have 
recently been ■“privatised'' from 
British Shipbuilders. Why. on this 
basis, has Yarrow not received the 
same attention as Swan Hunter, 
whcn.wc. too. arc competing as a 
pri vaiccompany? 

3. Wc arc confident that wc have 
brought a competitive and tech- 
nical edge to the Hariand & Wolff 
bid. based on our unquestioned 
lead in warship design expertise, 
and have sought no favours. 

4. 'Wo. should not be dis* 
advantaged, as a recently 
privatised company, in* tendering 
to a public-sector company (the 
mixed economy still exists in the 
UK). During the last 18 months 
we. like Hariand & WolflT. believed 
in good, forth- that the. winner 
would be determined by the 
criteria: Who produced the best 
design package? Who produced 
the best value for money? 

Major UK defence contractors 
am now monitoring this first 
major test case of design and build 
Competition for a major- naval 
projert under, the Government's 
competitive procurement policy. 
It is unthinkable that other issues 
should now be allowed to -in- 
fluence the outcome. If they were 
this .would totally undermine the 
undoubted progress being made 
by the procurement executive in 
its continuing efforts to achieve 
value Tor money for the MoD. 

. From the point of view of cost, 
to spfit the order is.not a practical 
proposition as it must inevitably 
involve’ a considerable uplift in Ihe MoD.. .. . 
Yours faithfully. 


Chairman and Managing 

Yarrow Shipbuilders Ltd. 

South StrccL 



Prisons dispute 

From ihe Secreraiy of the .issoci- 
alion of Prison Denial Surgeons 
Sir. I should like to say. on behalf 
of my members, that we do not 
find a problem with what Mr Eric 
Caines, the Prison Department's 
director of finance and personnel, 
has • termed “the restrictive 
practices'' of prison officers. My 
members find that often the only 
reason they' are able to continue to 
treat patients, with the present 
chronic shortage of prison TstafT. is 
due to the flexible attitude of the 
prison officers. 

• h is often forgotten that many of 
the improvements in conditions 
that have come about in recent 
years -within prisons- have arisen 
not from the Prison Department 
but due to pressure from the 
Prison Officers .Association. 

h In mates are. however, being 
denied dental treatment where 
staffing problems are acute, and 
due to tne cash limits that have 
been imposed. Wc in the associ- 
ation are concerned that before 
too long an inmate might consider 
a necessary to take the Home 
Office to court for this basic denial 
of human rights. ' 

Yours foitfifully. 

T. RJ B.AMBER. Secretary. 
Association of Prison 
Dental Surgeons. • 

Herald Hobfe. ; 

Throwfcy Way. 



April 15. ■» 

Sign i>f grief 

From Mr C.T.C. Btaeknuuv 
Sn?Cafl'ahy of your readers give 
an.artMtrainc description of now 
‘and explanation of why a flag is 
flown at half mast? For very many 
-years T have understood that a- flag 
arhalf mast should be one flag's 
breadth bckjw the truck - thereby 
.enabling the flag of death to fly 
above it Various manulaciurcrs 
of flag poles endorse ihe. former 
but have -no knowledge of the 

4 .The" Royal Navy sialc lhai at 
half mas! the lop of the flag should 
be Jidlf way up the pole or mast- 
They offer no explanation as to 
why’. 1 . 

-The National. Maritime Mu- 
seum .suggests one third of the 
mast's height from the truck is the 
corrat position and has some 
evidence ihai ' ihe position is 
related to the practice of a captor 
flying -his flag above that of a 
captured vessel. - 

Is there a. single correct answer? 



I XingSlairs Close.. 

Elephant Lane. 

Rothcrtlirhc. SEIh. - -. 

■ ■■ 

Making the best of marriage 

From .Mrs J. Bolinghroke women ha\c been urged to fed 

Sir. Mr George Brown (April I) is 
correct to note political, social and 
religious implications in the rising 
divorce rate, but he may be 
mistaken in claiming that this rise 
is the cause of State decay. 

I suggest two quite different 
fanors which proceeded the Di- 
vorce Reform Act of 1969. The 
formation of the welfare state in 
1948 and the wide availability of 
contraceptive pills from I960 
onwards have together tended to 
alter the general view of marriage 
as a continuing wax of life. For a 
woman, having a family is now a 
conscious decision and.' for a man 
who tires of family life, he is 
secure in the knowledge that the 
State will pick up the pieces if he 
opts OllL 

Marriage is now something 
extra nice, like private education 
or private health car e. You have it 
if you can afford iL over and 
above what you must pay for State 
education and the 'National 
Health Service. 

In the past Church and State 
established systems which the 
majority accepted because there 
was no acceptable alternative. 
Church and State were regulating 
the way people lived their lives 
and the Church carried out its 
ceremonies for the major events of 
birth, marriage and death. The 
State reluctantly allowed a small 
measure of divorce. 

State decay will not be halted by 
amending the Divorce Reform 
Act of 1969 or repealing the 
Matrimonial Causes Act of 1973. 
It really needs a complete change 
of heart by people themselves, but 
my suggestion, to start the ball 
rolling, is State prizes for partners 
in enduring marriages. 

Yours faithfullv. 

84 Furzehait Road. 




April 1 

From Mrs Larva Lang Brow n 
Sir. The letter in The Times from 
Mr George G. Brown in which he 
writes. about the increase in di- 
vorce in this country and its 
serious consequences is very wel- 
come at this time. I would like to 
add a corollary to this: that the 
decline in respect for marriage 
(and even knowledge about mar- 
riage) has led to the present 
increase in immorality and crime. 

With marriage " no longer the 
pivot of society w hich it has been 
for thousands of years, the stabil- 
ity and security of home life is 
endangered. Indeed we arc seeing 
in consequence a drying-up of 
real loving cart of children. 

During the last half-century 
there has been a kind of whisper- 
ing campaign against marriage, h 
has been belittled and scorned and 

ashamed of being mothers and 
home-makers, especially if they 
uished to do this more carefully 
and better by /ring at home. 
Working away from home is 
considered to be a better way to 
personal fulfilment. 

As our sense of responsibility 
for home and children diminishes 
we naturally take less care to 
protect ihcm from abuse. Now we 
arc faced with a large increase in 
sexual abuse of children in their 
homes. How naive wc are when 
we talk about latching small 
children about dangers of this 

The natural unselF-conscious 
watchfulness of a mother or other 
responsible female at home will 
keep this danger at bay. while 
ensuring a happy and disciplined 
home life which will inculcate a 
proper judgement of character in 
the children and suspicion of what 
is improper. But this knowledge 
will come in lime as they grow up 
and cannot be taught to little 
children by telling them or warn- 
ing them. They need protection, 
noi teaching. 

It must be added that the idea so 
widely held that looking after 
children is boring and home life a 
drudgery is quite false. Nothing 
can be more varied and interest- 

Yours faithfullv. 


Flat I. 

Sexcy's Hospital. 

Bruton. Somerset. 

April 3. 

From the Rtivrvnd David Hugh 

Sir. There i\ something that can be 
done about there being so many 
divorces — delay marriages. The 
divorce rate among teenage brides 
is twice as high as for those aged 
20—24 (and four times as high as 
for those aged 25—291. 

Why not raise the minimum 
age? It is dearly too low in any 
ease, and it would be perfectly 
reasonable for society to ask those 
intending to be married to be. lei 
us say . 19 years of age. 

Further.’you can now gel mar- 
ried. if you. have residential 
qualifications, within 48 hours of 
applying at a register office. While 
there could be exceptions, granted 
only by a magistrate, society 
would justifiably require ihai mar- 
riages be preceded by civil 
registration and a definite period 
of engagement of so many 
months. One of the reasons for the 
high rate of marriage breakdown is 
that our laws imilc iL 
Yours faithfully. 


The Vicarage. 


Presiaiy n. 


Apr if X. 

Polytechnic places 

From ihe Rcaor. of Sunderland 

Sir. Sir Keith Joseph's erudite 
explanation (April 9) of how he 
views the proposed cuts in poly- 
technic student places does. I'm 
afraid, miss the point 

It illustrates once again the 
Government's lack of understand- 
ing of the impact its policies, 
whether final or only proposed, 
could have on the actual people to 
whom the policies apply: in this 
case the sixth formers applying 
this year for places in 1987—88. 
the year of the proposed cuts. 

Sir Keith is quite right to point 
out that the proposal by NAB 
(National Advisory Body) to cut 
9.500 places in public— sector 
higher education from 1987—88 
(equivalent to approximately 60 
average— sized comprehensive 
sixth forms) will cause a degree of 

alarm among students and par- 
ents. The mere slating of the 
proposal, implying (here is the 
possibility of its being im- 
plemented. is what has caused the 
alarm, not the media coverage. 

Could the NAB or Sir Keith 
please advise me and my fellow 
directors what wc are to say to 
students (and their parents) apply- 
ing this. September for places on 
courses that might not exist when 
they come to take them up in 
1 987? Unlike the recent university- 
cutbacks. when polytechnics took 
those unable to get places in 
universities, there are no such 
boltholes this lime. 

Yours faithfully. 

E P. HART. Rector. 

-Sunderland Polytechnic. 

Langham Tower. 

Ryhopc Road. 


Tyne and Wear. 

AprH 10. 

Ordination of women 

I nn) i C ’hancrllrtr E. ( iurth Moore 
Sir. Before your correspondent 
the Revd Henry Pearson, again 
attacks the Bishop of London for 
literalism (April 5) he would do 
well to learn some canon law. The 
Bishop is quite right jo interpret 
the 39 Articles “in a completely 
literalistic way” for that is pre- 
cisely what we arc told to do in 
their preface, headed “His 
Majesty's’ Declaration'*, where wc 
are enjoined to take them “in the • 
literal .and grammatical sense”. 

So taken. . Article XWI1I. 
which your correspondent circs, is 
dearly righL it Is not. by Christy 
ordinance that the. sacrament is 
reserved, lifted up or worshipped. 

But. because our Lord did not 
command such practices, it does 
noi mean that they are con- 
demned. Indeed, were the sac- 
rament never carried about, it 
could never be received by the 

As a priest and as a lawyer I 
have experienced very hide diffi- 
culty in m> acceptance of the 39 
Articles. That is because, as a 
canonist. I have learnt how to 
interpret them. Would ihat other 
clerics . would also learn some 
canon law -wherein so much of 
their theology is enshrined! 

• Yotir obedient servant. 

Corpus Chnsti College. 

April o. 

Connors suspension 

Front the Chairman of ihe .III 
England Law n Tennis & Croquet 
Huh Wimhlcthm . 

Sir. I have for long enjoyed Mr 
Rev Bellamy's reports and opin- 
ions. bot I am sorry to say that I 
have to disagree with his criticism 
(report. April 10) of the Lawn 
Tennis Association for requesting 
Beckenham not to invite Mr 
Jimmy Connors to their Cen- 
tenary Tournament. 

ll is one thing fo be prepared to 
disagree with the Men's Inter- 
nationa! Professional Tennis 
Council, but quite another to go 
against their action in disciplining 
a player for even further damaging 
the image of the game. 

1 was present at Boca West at 
the . Lipton . International and 
thought H was cnemial for the 
MIPTC to penalise a player who 
refused to continue a semi-final 
because he disagreed with a line” 
call. ■ . 

. This is not a question of 
subservience" to a totalitarian 
body.* it is a - demonstration of 
support so that biaipnt flouting of 
the rales w ill not be condoned. Mr 
Bellamy says that the LTA cannot 

emerge from “this Beckenham 
mess" smelling of roses. To invite 
a player to enter their tournament 
before his suspension period had 
expired would surely have smelt a 
greai deal worse. 

Yours sincerely. 


The All England Lawn Tennis & 
Croquet Club Wimbledon. 

Church Road. 

Wimbledon. SW|9. 

April Id. 


APRIL 16 1895 

The Chinese-Japanesemr arose 

from each nation sclaun lor 

supremacy in. Korea. The conflict 

i vas short beginning m August 
1894 and ending u-itn tne 
predicted defeat of China in April 
1895. one for which no blame 
could be levelled at Admiral Ting. 



The surrender of the Chinese 
fleet and of the remaining forts at 
Wei-hai-wei constituted the most 
striking scene in the drama of the 
war. Several days before the event, 
Vice-Admiral I to. Commander-in- 
Chief of the Japanese naval squad- 
rons, had addressed a letter to 
Admiral Ting, who held a corre- 
sponding position on the Chinese 
side. The two men were intimate 
friends. They bad often come 
together before the war. and each 
heal been attracted to the other by 
qualities of bonhomie and profes- 
sional zeal which both bad in 
common. I to, therefore, in address- 
ing Ting by letter while the fleets 
commanded by the two admirals 
were waiting to destroy each other, 

, divested himself entirely of his 
public capacity and spoke simply 
as a friend. 

The gist of the letter was to 
advise that Ting should abandon a 
doomed cause and take refuge in 
Japan until (he termination of the 
war. Naturally, the question of 
Ting’s personal safety was kept out 
of sight Admiral Ito based his 
advice solely on patriotic motives 

The great question that you have now 
to determine is whether yoa will throw- 
in your lot with s country that you see 
idling to rain, and be involved in a 
result inevitable under unchanged ad- 
ministrative circumstances, or whether 
you will preserve the strength that 
remains to you and evolve another plan 

Admiral Ito did not add to his 
reputation by this letter. The 
ethics it advocates have never been 
those adopted by brave and loyal 
men in any age. Ting's duty was in 
the real present not in a hypotheti- 
cal future. He had to sene his 
country such as it was, not to wait 
to serve it such as it might be: to 
save the fleet actually intrusted to 
his command, not to save himself 
in the vague hope of commanding a 
better fleet thereafter. He adopted 
the only dignified course under the 
circumstances by leaving the letter 
unnoticed — 

Three things were essential to 
the success of his (Ting's] plan — 
first, that every fort evacuated by 
the Chinese should be previously 
dismantled, otherwise its guns 
might be used against the Chinese 
ships; secondly, that in the event of 
the capture of the eastern forts the 
garrison of ihe western should still 
hold their ground, trusting to the 
fleet to defend the approaches to 
their position; and, thirdly, that 
the Japanese should not obtain 
destructive access to the ships 
inside the Bay. All these contin- 
gencies were based on false as 
sumptions; the two first on the 
hypothesis that Chinese troops at 
Wei-hai-wei would fight with cour- 
age and coolness such as they had 
never previously displayed; the 
third on the supposition that 
Japanese pluck and daring would 
Call short of the standard hitherto 
attained by them. Ting’s project 
was therefore doomed from the 
outset to disappointment ... 

•The defenders of the western 
forts, not waiting to be attacked, 
took advantage of a friendly snow- 
storm and lied. Not being in the 
presence of any immediate peril, 
they could have effectually disman- 
tled the forts before evacuating 
them. They did not do so. however, 
and the miserable poltroonery of 
their neglect is beyond censure, for 
had the armament of these forts 
fallen into Japanese hands in a 
serviceable condition, not only the 
insular defences but also the fleet 
itself would have been brought 
under the muzzles of powerful 
artillery at fatally close ranges. 
Fortunately for himself. Admiral 
Ting obtained timely information 
of this disgraceful flight. He landed 
a party of marines, dismantled the 
fiirts, and destroyed a fleet of junks 
that might have served to trans- 
port an assaulting party against the 
islands. Meanwhile, General Tai. 
the Commander-in-Chief fo the 
land forces, effected his escape to 
L inkung Island. Admiral Ting was 
a bluff man. Originally a pirate, he 
possessed the faculty of .conveying 
his meaning forcibly. What he said 
to Tai restored that fugitive's 
conception of manhood. With the 
Admiral's reproaches ringing in his 
ears, he restored Co the Chinaman's 
final retreat from trouble or dis- 
grace — a fatal dose of opium 
.' His example was followed by his 
second in command. Commodore 
Liu. and by the officer command- 
ing the Liukung garrison. General 
Chang _ Admiral Ito restored one 
or the captured men-of-war in 
order that the bodies of the three 1 
officers might be carried home in 
due state, and as the vessel steamed 
out of Wei-hai-wei every Japanese 
ship manned its yards and fired a 
salute to the memory of Chinas 
best soldier. 

Miles shorter 

From Mr Btrnanf Kaukas 
Sir. One is fairly certain that 
Yiigin Atlantic arc mightily re- 
lieved that: 

a) they an: noi obliged lo operate 
over a complex fixed infrasiruc 
turo heiueen here and New York, 
which iho must constantly renew 
and maintain: 

h) t hex are not obliged to operate a 

continuous high frequency shuttle 
service, with their aircraftrunning 
half empty f»r most, of the time, 
cj Mr O. Woolcotl (April 8) may 
posibly accept this as an cxplana 
non why the air fare works out at 
.\73p per mile compared with 
l?.83p. for British Rail. 

As lor the virtues ot 
privatisation, has Mr Woolcor 
looked into the economics o 
taking a taxi from Victoria u 
( iiUtt ick? 

\ours ainlv. 


13 Lynwood Road. Ealing. Wj. 

No punches pulled 

From Mr.R lirani 

Sir. The Hainriil Bride (photc 

graphic caption. April 14) — oper 


Yours foiihlully. 


4 Radminion. (ialsworthy Road. 
Kingston upon Thames. Surrey. 
\pril 14. 











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Italy is something or a consti- 
tutional hybrid. The stale has 
been decentralized, but not to 
the point of making the coun- 
try a federation. And this 
despite the fact that regional 
loyalties remain very strong. 

After 15 years of experi- 
menting with a particular 
brand of regionalism, some 
Italians admit with relief that 
the worst fears expressed at 
the time it was launched have 
not been justified. Others are 
convinced that potentially it 
remains an example of ad- 
vanced constitutional think- 
ing to be followed elsewhere in 

From the beginning of the 
process of uniting the country 
in the mid-19th century, there 
was a current which saw the 
best framework for the new 
nation in terms of a decentral- 
ized state. Shortly before he 
died, Cavour himself had set 
up a commission which had 
the task of proposing legisla- 
tion to provide a new adminis- 
trative basis for the young 
slate. The three elements fore- 
seen were those that exist 
today: the municipality, the 
province and the region. 

Partly because of Cavours 
early death, the idea of devis- 
ing an administrative frame- 
work suitable for the newly 
united country went into 
abeyance and the structure 
already established in Pied- 
mont, the state around which 
Italy was unified, was applied 
to the whole country. 

The idea of regionalism was 
not dead, however, though it 
made little practical progress 
and was kept strictly in the 
background during the Fascist 
period because Mussolini's 
view of the state was that it 
should be united and strong. 

Hence it was only logical 
that after the war the republi- 
can constitution should have 
introduced regionalism into 
Italian life. However, the poli- 
ticians kept the country wait- 
ing nearly a quarter of a 

century before approving the 
necessary legislation for au- 
plying what the republic's 
founding fathers required. 
The condition of a constitu- 
tional hybridism was not just 
that Italy was a cross between 
a federal and a centralized 
system but also how far the 
semi-autonomy permitted by 
the constitution was political- 
ly expedient 

The Christian Democrats 
were on the whole in favour ol 
establishing the regions but 
after a massive electoral vic- 
tory in 1948 which gave them 
an overall majority, their en- 
thusiasm waned. There ap- 
peared to be little point in sub- 
dividing the country into 
regions which would have 
been partly controlled by ihc 
opposition. Their political in- 
terests were belter served by 
forgetting what the Constitu- 
tion laid down. It was not 
until the Socialists entered the 
coalition — 

the Christian 
Democrats in 
the early 
1 960s that the 
matter was se- 
riously raised 
again. The ex- 
ceptions to 
this rule were 
the five spe-. 
cial regions whose claims to a 
wide degree of autonomy were 
seen to require urgent treat- 
ment. These were, first, Sicily. 
Sardinia and the Valle 
d'.Aosia. all of which received 
their status of semi-autono- 
mous regions even before the 
Constitution came into force 
in January 1948. They were 
followed in 1948 by Trentino- 
Alto Adige and in 1963 by 
Friuli-Venezia Giulia. All 
these areas had particular 
problems of minorities or a 
strong autonomous tradition 
(reaching the level of sporadic 
outbreaks of separatist feeling 
in the two islands). 

There is a distinction be- 

Demonstrations and 
roadblocks last 
month showed the 
difference between 
north and south 

gions and the remaining 15. 
The five have more autono- 
my. in keeping with their 
greater divergence from the 
common run of regions. The 
15 ordinary regions had to 
wait much longer for legisla- 
tion. first to establish them 
and then to devolve power to 
them. The debate introducing 
this legislation was the longest 
in the republic's history. It was 
not until 1971 that this basic 
aspect of the Constitution was 
finally honoured. 

Another form of hybridism 
only too quickly showed itself. 
Ihat is the difference in social 
outlook and democratic politi- 
cal development between 
North and South. There have 
been changes in the meantime 
but not fundamental ones. 

Apulia, for instance, has 
made progress as a result of 
successful economic initia- 
tives which distinguish the 
Adriatic coast of Italy from 
■ ■■■— ■ the Tyrrheni- 

an. Sicily has 
learnt to live 
more success- 
fully between 
its own legis- 
lative assem- 
bly and 
tion in Paler- 
— — — — — — ■ mo and the 
central government. Sardinia 
looks much less well disposed 
towards Rome now than it did 
a decade ago. This is in great 
part due to the collapse of the 
new industries installed there 
and largely based on 

The marked difference be- 
tween North and South re- 
emerged dramatically last 
month when there were dem- 
onstrations and roadblocks in 
the South and processions of 
southern administrators 
through the streets of Rome 
following application of a law 
permitting owners of build- 
ings constructed without a 
licence to have them regis- 

tween these five special re-- tered with the local municipal 

offices if fines were paid. The 
size of these would depend on 
the extent of the illegal build- 
ing and when it was carried 

The demonstrators argued 
that southerners should not 
have to pay the fines, nor 
should have them substantial- 
ly reduced, because in many 
parts of the South any building 
was illegal, due to the fact that 
the municipalities had no 
town planning regulations. 
The point was most clearly 
made by one Sicilian town 
where the percentage of unli- 
censed budding was said to 
have reached 100. 

The protesters had a point 
but they could have been 
accused of having left their 
protest too late. They should 
have made their difficulties 
known in the normal course of 
the debates on this measure m 
the national parliament and in 
the regional assembly. One 
answer to that perhaps naive 
assumption is that in the 
Italian gamut of municipal- 
ities. provinces and regions, it 
is frequently the mayor who is 
most in contact with public 
opinion, certainly not the 
province, nor, as yet, the 
representatives of the regions. 
The fundamental point, and a 
biller one. was that national 
legislation accepted by the 
North could not be applied in 
the same way in the South. 

There were originally two 
principal aims of regionalism. 
The first was to cut down the 
oppressive weight of the cum- 
bersome central bureaucracy. 
The object was to decentralize 
and reform what remained of 
the centra] civil service. 

The second aim was to help 
release the energies which 
Italians derive from an aware- 
ness of local loyalties. Local 
patriotism, despite all the 
great social changes in Italy 
and the long series of migra- 
tions from countryside to 
town and from South to 
North, remains strong. 

April 16, 1986 

D ifferences that block 
the path to progress 
in a nation thaf 



Sicily. Sar- 
dinia, Valle 
d' Aosta and Tren- 
ti no- Alto Adige 
received their autonomy 
in 1948. Friuli-Venezia 
Giulia, 1963, the rest. 1971 

The objections to regional- 
ism were, on the face of it, 
more pragmatic. Conserva- 
tives feared that the strongly 
Communist centre would end 
up as a series of little red 
republics from Emilia-Roma- 
gna across to Tuscany. Anoth- 
er objection was that the 
operation would be costly. 

Nobody has won. The 
sweeping changes in the civil 
service simply did not take 
place. Loral loyalties are 
strong but they have not been 
stimulated to any notable 
extent by the existence of the 
regions. Some regions have 
been run by the Communists, 
in general rather well, and the 
red " menace ' which some 
alarmists though would split 

the peninsula, just as the Papal 
states did in the past before 
they were annexed to Italy, 
has not proved to be at all 
frightening. Establishing the 
regions cost the state money, 
and a number of them have 
formed the habit of collecting 
funds from the national gov- 
ernment for agreed projects 
which then remain, through 
administrative inertia, in the 
regional coffers. 

Does that mean that the 
whole experiment has been a 
failure? Defeatism comes 
quickly to the Italian mind in 
anything concerning the 
country's administrative pro- 
cesses. Bureaucracy is as far as 
possible to be avoided if you 
are not a part of it if you are. 

then the purpose is to exploit 
it That would be the general 
view of the country towards 
its administrative framework. 

A more substantia] reason 
as to why the regions have 
taken longer to settle down is 
. that they were established too 
late- Had they come into 
existence 10 years earlier, their 
developing years would have 
coincided with the period of 
economic expansion instead 
of recession. 

They had a hard birth but 
new ideas are emerging which 
should improve their func- 
tioning and broaden their rale 
within the constitution. 

The regions were tbeUis t-bora 
of Italy's adminirtrative insti- 
tutions and. appropriately 
enough, the Minister for the 
Regions, Carlo Vizzkti, a So- 
cial Democrat from Palermo, 
is, at 38, by far the youngest 
minister in the present 
government. " 

Although not at aU starry- 
eyed a boot the present state of 
regionalism, he avoids being 
led into ma kin g comparisons 
in performance between one 
regio? and another. 

The history of tbe reghms is 
diverse, he says. In particular, 
the south still suffers from the 
same differences between it 
and the north which were 
present when the regions were 
set up by law. Apart from the 
greater soda). and economic 
problems in the sooth, there is 
“a much more intense level of 
quarrelsomeness’* among 
southern regional politicians f 

ami this brings with it a kind 
of administrative paralysis. 

Signor Vizzuri sees some of 
the obstacles to regioitaidevd- 
opment in the rirniinshm c w 
of the regions' birth. Even 
those hi favour of the regions 
differed among themselves as 
to what their function should 
be. The . constitution lays 
down their fields, of activity — 
agricnlture, town planning, 
tourism, communications, 
hospitals and health services, 
local police forces and profes- 
sional training — but th ere is 
room for differing interpreta- 
tions as to whether the region 
should be regarded primarily 
as a political or a serial- and 
economic institution. 

The timing of their formal <£ 
birth was unfortunate in yet 
another way. It coincided with 
the comparatively brief period 
in Italian affairs when nation- 
al economic phunring was 
fashionable. The concept went 
well with the idea of regjenal- 

, -*- _ /I- 

Peter Nichols Continued on faring page 

Under this label 
there is always something good. 

Citrus fruit sweet and sour, like the land of Sardinia. Olive oil as genuine as Sardinia is, and 
tasty olives, matured in the Sardinia air. And grapes: sincere and frank, full of sunshine as 
the wines are . . . and so many other products, generous like Sardinia, expressing Sardinia 
and w ith Sardinia's inimitable taste, like the cheese, the tomatoes, honey and artichokes. 
From today it will be easy to recognise them: the white Sardinia on a red background label 
will set them apart from the rest. 

Sardinian foods. Naturally good. 

Regione Autonoma della Sardegna. Assessorato Agricoltura e Riforvna Agro-Pastorale. 
Via Pessagno - 1 09100 Cagliari (Italy I - Telex 613599 RASAGR I 



A matter 
of taste. 

a little magic 

White wines. Reds. Dessert wines. 

Regione Autonoma della Sardegna. Assessorato Agricoltura e Riforma Aero-fWnrnl^ 

Via Ftessagno-1 09HX) Cagliari (Italy) - Telex 613599 RASAGR L 




assisted by (be min- 
®*ffer tbe regions as vSce^ 
president This would be 
vsefiil “to bringing back a 
®®®®W wtoiwd ti p be- 
***<« the regions ami tbe 
centre and between individual 
regfaw. It shoaU aim atom 
we abolition of a large som- 
ber of special comnktioiB 

™i toe centre. According to 
awwne who likes co anttog . 
toe» ve at present 90 of 

The organized route to 
good communications 

There was also' room for 
suBpuficatMa In relations 
with the European Co mmu ni- 
ty- When, Ear instance, they 


at the centre 


«a» because it woidd hare 
imposed a national pattern on 
economic, development white 
“towing the regions their 
share in shaping policy. The 
partnership looked admirable, 
hot pla nning made very littfe 
impression and the early at- 
tempts at prod Being - plans 
' were soon discarded as “books 
• of (breams" 

'• Sig nor Vizzinl sees an op- 
portunity missed to the tadnre 
to nse regionalism as a means 
» of overhauling the whole ap- 
- paratns of the state. “The 
regions were born as instru- 
ments of decentralization but 
there were no changes at the 
: centre and so dapHcatfon 
resulted. Souk offices were 
left intact which no longer 
served any purpose and 
should have been abolished. 
They should have rethosght 
the state in terms of relations 
between the central authority, 
the - regions, provinces; and 
mun i cip al ities. They even left 
the provinces and the munici- 
palities outer die Ministry of 
the Interior while setting q>a 
separate m ini s tr y hr he 

“Hence it is essential that 
tbe two ministers should hare 
a good working relationship if 
local government is to work, 
smoothly. A single ministry 
supervising all forms of local 
government would work bet- 
ter and cost less." 

He is In favour of the idea 
now before parliament that a 
permanent regional council 
should be set up which would 
be presided. over Jgr-die prime . 

the way the regions were 
est ab li sh ed and how they have 
developed, he beiferes that 
lately there have bees signs of 
impro v eme n t. "They are be- 
coming iscreasfcgiy a reality. 
An experience of only 15 yean 

Bettino Cnri, the Prime 
Miniate*: Italy now has a 
inan to setup a permanent 
regional council under his 
. - chairmanship 

Clearly, one of the national 
responsibilities is an effective 
transport network. Claudio 
Signorile, the Minister for 
Transport, has just published 
a plan for the neat decades 
which was devised in consul- 
tation with regional leaders. 

The existing transport sys- 
tem is forced to cope with 
demands in a chaotic and 
disorganized way. During the 
next few years it will be 
necesary to develop a highly 
co-ordinated and more selec- 
tive structure. The railway 
network will have to be 
trimmed down and made 
more efficient. A modernized 
and efficient port system win 
consist of seven main ports. 

The aeroplane win replace 
the train as a means of long 
distance transport, but Alitalia 
wiD lose its monopoly on 
internal flights in Italy. This 
will leave space for some 
smaller companies. 

At present five ministries 
and 16. different institutions 
and administrative bodies are 
involved in the transport sec- 
tor. The transport plan pro- 
poses to do away with this 
fragmentation, which often 
results in waste and inefficien- 
cy. Instead a single program- 
ming, controlling and 
administrative centre will be 
set up. For this purpose the 
C1PET (Interxnimstenal Com- 
mittee for Transport Program- 
ming) will be created. 

It is estimated that the 
demand for transport services 
will increase by 45 per cent 
during the next 15 years. It is 
therefore necessary to ratio- 
nalize and improve tbe sys- 
tem. Experts have established 
the existence of six main 
routes they call “multi-usage 
corridors”, along which most 
national and international 
traffic flows. They cross Italy 
from north to south along the 
coasts and from west to east in 
tbe centre-north regions. 
There are also plans for new 
routes to cross the country in 
the south. 

• The existing network wiH 
have to be improved ana 
traffic flow made easier by 
separating freight from pas- 
senger transport According to 
the authors of the plan, it will 
be necessary to expand rail- 
way links between large and 
medium-sized, -cities located 
not more than 300 km (190 j 
miles) from each other, long- ■ ' 

distance connections (over main tf 
700 km) will be eliminated. Howeve 
Milan and Rome, Turin and compan 
Venice, Rome and Bari will be to enter 
connected by fast non-stop less fr 
(the so-called “Intercity") routes, 
trains. Anotii 

Signor Signorile has also concern: 
proposed to extend the so- customs 
called “Direitissinw” express mental f 
line between Milan and Rome system, 
to Naples. To make this porting 
possible, it will be necessary to stop for 
concentrate investment on hours s 
only a part of the railway These d 
network. the Italia 

With regard to motorways, at some 
the present system is sum- million), 
dent. All that will be neces- Europea 

sary is the completion of wailing 
already scheduled works, such crossing! 
as the stretch between Livorno than 10- 
and Civitavecchia, and the The k 

widening of the stretch of the signor S 
Autostrada del Sole through propose* 
the Appenihes. Straits c 

Action on ports will have to kjlomete 
be much more radical. Ac- mm ^ 
cording to the plan, the 146 betheloi 
existing pons will be re- wor ]d ( r 
classified in seven port sys- length of 
terns. These will be fined into wou j, 

a complex consisting of sea- above ih 
ways, roads, railways and held in p 
nyer systems. high tow 

In the field of air transport, cany irai 
state-owned Alitalia will re- tracks be 

main the principal company. 
However, smaller private 
companies have been allowed 
to enter the market to service 
less frequently travelled 

Another important point 
concerns the speeding up of 
customs procedures, funda- 
mental fora modern transport 
system. Today, lorries trans- 
porting goods are obliged to 
stop for up to four or five 
hours at border crossings. 
These delays cause a loss to 
the Italian economy estimated 
at some 700 billion lire (£2 SO 
million). According to existing 
European conventions, the 
wailing time at border 
crossings should not be more 
than 10-15 minutes. 

The jewel in the crown of 
Signor Signorile’s plan is the 
proposed bridge over the 
Straits of Messina. The 3.3 
kilometer (2.06 mile) single- 
span suspension bridge would 
be the longest of its kind in the 
world (more than twice the 
length of the Humber Bridge). 
It would stand 80 metres 
above the water and would be 
held in place by two 400 metre 
high towers. The bridge would 
carry trains running along two 
tracks between a six-lane high- 

Graceful and functional: The Brenner autostrada in northern Italy 
way. It is esri mated that it will winds that frequently reach good example lies only 32 km 
billion lire jqq kilometers an hour. Engi- north of where the bridge 
and that construe- necrs My lha! lhe bridge would be located, at G iota 
ike between eight wou| d be able to withstand Tauro on the mainland, 
rs. Signor Stgnonle winds up 10 200 kilometers There, the state built a port 
k to begin in 1 988. per hour. The Straits lie in one that cost billions of lire, but 
u trams between 0 f most eanhquake-prone was never opened. 

Palermo roust in- areas in the world, with a fault Signor Signorile insists the 
’journey while the passing right in the middle, bridge will be built. He points 
c is loaded onto -pbe bridge would have to out that it is only the most 
femes. The cross- withstand a tremor higher visible pan of a vast invesi- 
1 and than 7.5 on the Richter scale, ment plan that would bring 

only la minutes. immense economic advan- 

: and unloading Critics are sceptical that the tages. The plan will also 
ake over an hour, bridge will ever be built. They provide the means to reduce 

tsK ulti be 


-ip- D I'l 2 

in Mirces 

h 1 is lor 

(£2 billion) and that construc- 

the bridge 

tion will take between eight would be able 10 withstand 
and ten years. Signor Signonle u . inds up 10 :0 0 kilometers 

expects work to begin in 1 988. 
At present trains between 

per hour. The Straits lie in one 
of the most eanhquake-prone 

n , ■ VI kliv IIJVJl V«u tl iu UOAI.-U1 UIIW 

Rome and Palermo must in- areas in ^ world a fault 
temjpt their journey while the passing ri ght in the middle, 
rolling-stock is loaded onto bridge would have to 
state^wned femes. The cross- withstand a tremor higher 
ing between the mainland and lhan 7.5 on ^ Rj ch ter scale. 
Sicily takes only 15 minutes. 

but loading and unloading Critics are sceptical that the 
operations take over an hour, bridge will ever be built. They 
People, cars and lorries are say that it would be a waste ol 
carried across by private money and of resources better 
ferries. employed elsewhere. Some 

The Straits of Messina, only point out that the South is 
3.2 kilometers wide at its doited with what are called 
narrowest point, is swept by “cathedrals in the desert” A 

tages. The plan will also 
provide the means to reduce 

say that it would be a waste of the Mezzogjomo's chronic un- 

employment. which is run- 
ning at double the national 

Wolfgang Achtner 

4 \mn© 

Diano Marina 
Riviera del Fieri- 

Where Spring 
comes in Winter 

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Total assets 


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Net income 




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Powerhouse in the north 

Milan is experiencing a “big 
bang”. More modest and dif- 
ferent in nature from what will 
hit London in October, its 
impact is nevertheless as far 
reaching on the country’s 
financial life. 

Investors on the Bourse 
have seen their shares double 
in value in 1985 and go up by 
another 50 per cent this year. 
But it has been much more 
than a question of fat profits. 
For years the Bourse used to 
be a gaming table patronized 
by smart-alec speculators and 
insiders playing a narrow mar- 
ket The number of shares is 
still limited, but the ordinary 
public has joined the play. 

This has become possible 
thanks to legislation since 
raid- 1984 permitting the es- 
tablishment of domestic unit 
trusts. Italians, whose person- 
al savings rate is nearly as high 
as that of the Japanese, now 
put their money into units 
instead of the traditional ha- 
vens of houses or tax-exempt 
treasury bonds. Moreover, 
foreign buyers have appeared 
on the scene. 

Milan, capital of Lombardy 
— a region whh nine million 
inhabitants, as many as Bel- 
gium — is the financial and 
economic powerhouse of 

it is the natural point of 
entry for foreign banks wish- 
ing to become established in 
the country. The leading 
banks of Britain and the 
Commonwealth are here, ei- 
ther with their own offices or 
in joint ventures with Italian 
banks. Milan is also the seat of 
the British Chamber of Com- 
merce for Italy whose secre- 
tary, Waller Davies, retired at 
the end of 1985. He spent 
many years in promoting busi- 
ness links between the two 

Barclays has become the 
most deeply involved of Brit- 
ish banks in Italy, though its 
operations last year suffered a 
loss. It is the only one to be in- 
volved so far in unit trust 
management, albeit as partner 
in a small management group. 

Since the first domestic unit 
trust was launched in June 
1984. the 43 funds so far 
authorized have gathered 
neariv 37.000 billion lire 

* :\v •C 1 * x yi# • " Av ;> A/ : ? Js : ; ’t:’" y .«.• 

' -»*:> » j:' ?. * "■ ■■ v ; 


Symbol of speculation: 

(£16,000 million) in subscrip- 
tions by March. And, together 
with 10 Luxembourg-based 
funds previously allowed to 
operate, may amass 60,000 
billion lire (£26,000 million) 
by the end of the year. 

The trusts have invested in 
bonds and government securi- 
ties as wen as shares. But, 
taking shares alone, daily 
turnover on the Milan Bourse 
is often more than 300 billion 
lire (£130 million), compared 
with an average 38.7 billion 
lire (£16.8 million) during 

Merit is once again 
being rewarded 

Will the bubble burst, 
or will at least the froth boil 
over? Ettore Fumagalh, Presi- 
dent of the Bourse, is the first 
to admit that the index cannot 
always go up, but he believes 
that most of the gains have a 
sound foundation. Milan, he 
argues, has in the last year 
been brought into line with 
world stock markets. Much of 
its climb reflects underlying 

Foreigners, particularly 
British and Americans, have, 
in Signor Fumagalli’s view, 
been quicker than many Ital- 

Foreign buyers are now Docking to the Milan Bourse 
Ians to realize that the invest- head of government to visit 

meat climate was changing. 
Political stability seems on the 
way, Italians are working bard 
as well as saving hard, and 
that merit is once again being 

In bis estimate, between 
2,000 and 3,000 billion lire 
(£1.300 and £2,1 70 million) of 
foreign money flowed into the 
Bourse in 1985, much of it via 

Similar optimism is ex- 
pressed by Giovanni 
PaUadino of Studi Finanziari. 
a subsidiary of tbe Istituto 
Mobiliare ltaiiano (I MI) mer- 
chant bank, who wrote in a 
report that between I960 and 
1977 Milan had the longest 
bear market ever experienced 
by a stock exchange in the 
industrialized world. It saw its 
capitalization dwindle from 
48 to 3 per cent of gnp. 

The recovery really began in 
1977, when the Pandolfi law— 
named after the then Christian 
Democrat treasury minister — 
abolished double taxation on 

The irony now is that it is 
the political left wing which 
has been taking the upsurge in 
tbe Bourse seriously. Signor 
Fumagalli observes that 
Bettino Craxi, the Socialist 
Prime Minister, was the first 

the Bourse (on December 9). 
The Communist Party organ 
L Vnitb has since last year 
been publishing daily stock 
prices for its readers. Among 
new applicants for a Bourse 
listing is the left-wing co- 
operative movement’s fast- 
growing insurance company, 
UnipoL An increasing number 
of companies is seeking a 
quotation on a stock exchange 
which is still small — only 221 
equities listed — and lop- 
sided. As Signor Palladmo's 
study makes clear, govern- 
ment securities accounted for 
67 per cent of the Bourse's 
capitalization in 1985, bonds 
16 percent, and shares only 17 
per cent. 

The government, in princi- 
ple, favours the partial privati- 
zation of public sector 
companies. But the equity 
market is still dominated by 
five groups — Agnelli/FiaL the 
state-owned IRI (Istituto per 
la Ricostruzione Industrial) 
conglomerate, Assicnrazioni 
Generali (insurance). 
Montedison (chemicals) and 
de Benedetti/Qlivetii (elec- 
tronics, food, etc) - whose 
market capitalization is three 
quarters of the total. 

John Earle 

In search of a new image 

More than any other Italian 
region. Liguria faces problems 
of industrial transformation 
like those of Britain, says 
Rinaldo Magnani, Premier of 
the regional government In 
his view “an enormous jump 
has to be made, from mature 
productive activities to the 
new technologies linked to 
electronics, information tech- 
nology and robotics.” 

Liguria, a long sliver of 
mountainous coastline, has 
become the weak link in the 
industrial triangle in which, 
together with Lombardy and 
PiedmonL much of Italy’s 
industrial development since 
the war has been based. Its 
strength lay in sectors now in 
decline, such as steel-making, 
heavy engineering, shipbuild- 
ing and shipping. 

Tourism, another impor- 
tant source of revenue, is also 
seeking to adapt to changed 
circumstances. The Villa 
Hambury botanical gardens at 
Ventimiglia near the French 
frontier are a reminder that 
the attractions of Liguria's 
mild winter climate were dis- 
covered by the British upper 
and middle classes more than 
100 years ago. 

Now. its cramped coast has 
lo accommodate mass inclu- 
sive tours concentrated in the 
summer months. The British 
link lives on the regular flights 
by British Caledonian to Gen- 
oa. whose patron saint. 
George, is shared with 

industrial disputes, with a 
workforce of 8,400 doing jobs 
which could be performed by 
3.400. The 9.9 million tonnes 
of cargo handled in 1980 sank 
to 7.6 million in 1983. 

In February 19S4 Roberto 
d’Alessando, now aged 51, 
came as president from a 
management career in private 
industry. In May that year he 
wrote in a report that continu- 
ance of the existing situation 
“would mean asking for an 
endorsement for d isaster and I 
as an administrator, in accept- 
ing it, would be guilty of 
dereliction of duty.” 

A development plan was 
therefore drawn up and com- 
plete reorganization, involv- 
ing part-privatization, began. 
Financial contributions were 
called for from users for new 
capital investment and much 
of the deficit was made a 
charge on public funds. 

The reorganization is at 

three levels. The port author- 
ity or consorzio (consortium) 
remains with a role of overall 
direction, planning and con- 
trol. Immediately underneath, 
a management company has 
been established, its capital 
divided between the consorzio 
(40 per cent), the regional 

g overnment, the users, the 
ockers and the co-operative 
movement, each with 15 per 

At the lowest level, a series 
of operational companies 
have been or will be set up for 
individual sectors — contain- 
ers. general cargo, bulk cargo, 
ship repairs, oil terminal, air- 
port (a new airport building is 
being opened this spring), 
warehousing, telecommunica- 
tions, and so on. 

The capital slakes vary in 
each operational company. 
The basic idea is that the 
capital should be divided be- 
tween the port authority, local 

authorities, users and workers. 

The dockers' organization, 
CULMV, is among the share- 
holders. It operates a dosed 
shop and resembles not so 
much a trade union as a guild. 
The downward trend has been 
reversed. The development 
plan sets a target of 13.6 
million tonnes of goods traffic 
for 1987. which, with further 
capital investment yet to be 
secured, should rise to at least 
25 million tonnes by 2000. 

Container capacity is being 
increased from 350.000 to 
430,000 a year, and then to 
more than 600.000 at the end 
of 1987. The port authority 
plans to invest in a further 
container port at Volxri to the 
west, and claims that by the 
end of 1 989 the Genoa com- 
plex will be the first port in the 
Mediterranean able to handle 
a million containers a year. 


Attempts to break 
provincial habits 

If the region's economy has 
been in decline, so too has its 
political life in recent years. A 
former regional premier, 
Alberto Teardo, is one of a 
group of members of Bettino 
(Traxi's Socialist Party who 
have received court sentences 
for financial offences while in 

The regional authorities 
have a way to go if they are to 
break out of provincial habits 
and present lo the world an 
image of a modern and for- 
ward-looking Liguria in 1992. 
That is when they will cele- 
brate the discovery of America 
by Genoa's most illustrious 
son. Christopher Columbus. 

__ In the economy several 
firms stand out from the 
general air of decline, such as 
lialimpiami. a leading plant 
contractor, and Ansaldo, 
which has moved from con- 
ventional engineering into nu- 
clear equipment and other 
areas of high technology’. Both 
□re in the state-owned IRI 
(Istituto per la RJcostruzione 
Industrial?) group. 

Striking progress has been 
made by the port authority, it 
Consorzio Auionomo del Por- 
to di Genova, which adminis- 
ters Italy's biggest port, most 
of it on land reclaimed from 
the sea and including the 
airport and IRl's Comigliano 

A few years ago the author- 
ity had a bad record of 


























Banco di Sicilia 



Frankfurt a/M 

New York 
Los Angeles 

iftyeign Branch) 










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■ HOiNnw • issdvana - siBssnyg * siyvd • saiaoisiv son 






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W s^anyami sleepy, bat stiU o iae ^il^wd 

deiiant co-ops 

Photographs of Edward VU, deniag co-op on the south 
■ George V, the Kaiser and coast and at a budding co-op 

George v, .-the Kaiser and coast and at a budding co-Op 
other European royalty looked near the Belke Valley, where 
down on thexomdor outside reconstruction after the. 1968 
the meeting .room in a Paler- , earthquake is still anfinicheH- 

loSkdy the league, eom> 
SfnS5™S^?inS2^ on ' P 051 ^ of Communists, Sodat- 

•Ssand some Republicans, 

.The Brittsh Mverejgns. on SSa WOO coS^ofSl 

*“*• registering an annual 
2? turnover ^ about 600 billion 
■tSS’fft 1 !!? lire (about £255 mffifon). The 

tv rSSS whole movement claims 
Further down the corridor about 12,000 co-ops in the 

53 !■»* *£.« Gra °5 island, including those of the 
NabonaLof 1839, .“engravg C^deration(CathoIics) and 
g sp^pcnmsaon of the ^ Association (Republicans 

Mof&fton". ■ and Social Democrats) and 

"kP&r-l&Tpii others which are independent, 
way of hfe,^*en Sicily’s Imks Alone among n2y> s 20 
wth^Bmam were doserand Sidly has set up a 

the : Mafia dia not tend to special instit ute for conces- 
dommate conversation. Now s[ ona i .lending to co-opera- 
the British connection has all fives. It is said to wo rk 
but disappeared^ Skalycomcs cmn^i My .. 

-under the consular district of .. „„ 

Naples and the Anglican 
church in the dty centre 

stands empty. . -.2SS^?SL*28E?5(riS' 

The meeting oflS membere ctample tras ptp tuded duny 

of the JCA executive commit- 

tee, at.Twhich the British afferent pans of the 

representative was Uoyd Wd- ■stodsndde nl y pat np ™d 

kinson, general secretary of 

— : — towns. They were protesting 

A valuable means SSSTHS 

_ Of creating jOD5 who had built houses without 

planning permission could 

the Cooperative Union in 


'sssrfzssatzi sshkEwss 

since 1986'is tfie-eentenaiyof ?■“ acuon.. ... •.- ■• 

he foundation of th^L^ge IriStdly the amount of such 

jf Co-operatives f> oneorme- new property is vast Howev- 

hree main organizanons into aj in many places It has not 
vhkh the movement m I wy been thc house owners’ feuft, 
sdivided — itwasdeci^iO-ibr tbelocalaiitlraritkshave 
told tiie event in Italy. Paa- never issued the necessary 
do was chosen to^ ^maifc the town plans aud it has thus 
ole which the movement been impossible to build in 
lays in promoting develop- conformity with them. 

ttonomia,lly The civil dUnbedience thus 

a £P ard J?IrT thm has strong feelings behind it, 

Dmo Tuttolomondo, tte fi.-iilSiSf^sfalikn’s natu- 


2 hours from 



High tech in the south 

The region of ApuHa is evety- 
thing that one would not 
expect it to be, and fen- this 
reason it is creating an impor- 
tant role for itself in the 
development of the most ad- 
vanced form of Italian 

The stereotype impression 
of a southern region is that it 
suffer nbm a stagnant, largely 
agricultural soci«y with a few 
misplaced examples of heavy 
industry .which have foiled to 
fid d their feet in the arid 
southern soil. . This failure 
breeds a sullen resentment 
which helps to promote orga- 
nized crime. 

- Apulia refuses to conform 
to these preconceptions. To 
begin with the last, it was 
fortunate to escape the atten- 
tions of tire drag traffic orga- 
nizers. Mafia members now 
on trial in Palermo have given 
a detailed picture of how the 
drug traffic is organized in the 
smith, mainly in Sicily, Cala- 
bria and Campania. 

Apulia has been traditional- 
ly free of the grip of serious 
cr iminal associations such as 
the Mafia and the Camorra in 
the Naples area. . 

. Fortunately, the large-scale 
drag traffickers who saw the 
attractions of the region's 
■open and accessible beaches 
were .halted by a massive 
round-up of Mafia and Ca- 
morra suspects before their 
plans could be implemented, 
And so the scourge oforga- 
nized crime, which has done 

so mud) to block the econom- 
ic development of Calabria 
and ports of Sicily and Cam- 
pania, still has little place in 
Apulian life. 

Apulia is the south-eastern 
extremity of Italy, the most 
Mediterranean of tire main- 
land regions. Yet its regional 
policy is influenced fay tire 
conviction that the natural 
partner for the regions is the 
European Community, and 

\The principal artistic attrac- 
tions in Apulia have nothing 
to do with the Renaissance or 
very much to do with the 
glories of ancient Rome; they 
are the great Romanesque 
buildings, cathedrals and cas- 
tks, wntch are northern in 
style and associated in many 
cases with tire 13th century 
Hohensraufen ruler Frederick 


Although a German emper- 
or, he was brought up in 
southern Italy, mamly in Sici- 
ly, where he tearnt Arabic, was 
protected by the Saracen sol- 
diers in the way the British in 
India used the Gurkhas, 
aimed at muting Italy as part 
of his empire and felled 
because he incurred the Pope’s 

No greater-mentor could be 
found, however, for the idea of 
an Apulia (one of Frede rick's 
nicknames was “the boy from 
Apulia") closely integrated 
with Europe beyond the Alps. 

In dustriall y, Apulia is show- 
ing great interest in high 

technology. The tenon does 
pot belong mentally Mom the 
line dividing earth from 
south, if that is draws between 
northern prosperity and al- 
leged souzhem backwardness. 

Historically its ports were 
always imp o rtant commercial 
centres. Brindisi was tire end 
of the famous Via Appia 
highway from Rome. Bari was 
developed under Fascism as a 
port for the colonies and it is 
now the seat of the aimnal 
Levant Fair. 

This past, which has given ; 
much of Apulia a mental 
openness atypical of the south, 
means that the region has 
fitted easily into tire context of 
fffflppf iw? exp a n si on along the 
Adriatic Coast An east-west 
fine is now as appropriate as a 
north-south one in generaliz- 
ing about Italian economic 
growth because the Tyrrheni- 
an is undoubtedly behind the 
Adriatic in economic pr o gre ss. 
And so h is no surprise that 
Apulia has one of the cent r e s 
for propagating high technol- 
ogy in the south. It is called 
"Tecnopplis" and has its seat 
near Bari. 

“The regions need Europe- 
an government** was the es- 
sence of a recent speech in 
Tecnopoiis by Salvatore Fitto, 
head of the regional adminis- 
tration. He was arguing not 
just the European case but also 
the natural need that regions 
and Europe have for each 

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April 15: His Excellency the 
High Commissioner for Cyprus 
and Mrs Panayides. His Ex- 
cellency the Pakistan Ambas- 
sador and Mrs Arshad. Sir 
Francis and Lady Tombs. Mr 
and Mrs Kenneth Grange. Dr 
and Mrs Duncan Poore and Mr 
and Mrs David Stevens have 
arri ved at Windsor Castle. 

The Queen was represented 
by The Duke of Kent at the 
funeral of Sir Philip Hay which 
was held in the Church of St 
Mary the Virgin. Eccleston, 
Cheshire today. 

The Duke of Edinburgh was 
represented by Prince Michael 
of Kent. 

By command of The Queen, 
the Viscount Davidson (Lord in 
Waiting) was present at 
Heathrow Airport. London this 
afternoon upon the arrival of 
The King of the Hashemite 
Kingdom of Jordan and wel- 
comed His Majesty on behalf of 
Her Majesty. 

Mrs John Dugdale has suc- 
ceeded Lady Abel Smith as Lady 
in Waiting to The Queen. 

April 15: Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mother this morning 
visited the offices of the 
Horserace Setting Levy Board. 

Lady Elizabeth Basset and Sir 
Martin Gilliat were in 

Lady Elizabeth Basset has 
succeeded Mrs Patrick Camp- 
bell-Prcstoti as Lady in Watting 
to Her Majesty. 

April 15: The Princess Anne, 
Mrs Mark Phillips. Patron of the 
Home Farm Trust, this morning 
opened Orford House. Ugley. 
near Bishop's Stonford. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived upon arrival by Her 
Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant for 
Essex (Admiral Sir Andrew 
Lewis), the Chairman of the 
Trust I Mr F. Evans) and the 
Resident Manager of Orford 
House (Mr W. Scott). 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips then travelled to Hert- 

ford and. having been received 
by Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieuten- 
ant far Hertfordshire (Mr Simon 
Bowes Lyon) and the Chairman 
of Hertford County Council ( Mr 
F. Cogan*. was entertained at 
luncheon at County Hall. 

Afterwards Her Royal High- 
ness opened the Family Finding 
Centre. Hertfbrd- 

Thc Princess .Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips, attended by the Hon 
Mrs Legge-Bourke. travelled in 
an aircraft of The Queen's 

April 15: The Duke of Glouces- 
ter. as Ranger, today visited 
Epping Forest. In the evening 
His Royal Highness, as Presi- 
dent of the British Consultants' 
Bureau, was present at a Recep- 
tion given by the Directors of 
the Freeman Fox Group at the 
Army and Navy Club. Pail Mall. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance. 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
this evening opened the twenty- 
fourth British Congress of Ob- 
stetrics and Gynaecology a 
David's Hall. Cardiff. 

Her Royal Highness travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 

Mrs Euan McCorquodale was 
in attendance. 

April 1 5: The Duchess of Kent 
today attended the funeral of Sir 
Philip Hay which was held in 
the Church of St Mary the 
Virgin. Eccleston. Cheshire. 
April 15: Princess Alexandra 
and the Hon Angus Ogilvy, 
attended by Lady Mary 
Fitzalan-Howard. arrived at 
Heathrow Airport. London this 
morning on the conclusion of| 
the visits to Thailand and Hong 

Her Royal Highness and the 
Hon Angus Ogilvy were repre- 
sented by Miss Mona Mitchell 
at the funeral of Sir Philip Hay 
which was held in the Church of I 
St Mary the Vjigin. Eccleston. 
Cheshire today. 

The Queen of Denmark cele- 
brates her birthday today. 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher receiving from Sir Stanley Rons, 
former president of the Federation of International Football 
Associations, a picture of Alan Morton, the “Wee Bine 
Devil" of Scots football io the 1920s, when a delegation rep- 
resenting Scottish football called on her at Downing Street 


Latest appointments indude 
Mr D.'V. Partridge, -aged 54. 
head of the nationality and 
treaty department in the Foreign 
Office. 10 be British High- 

Commissioner to Sierra Leone 
in succession to Mr RJ>. Clift, 
who will be taking up a further 
diplomatic appointment. 

Mr RJ- Alston, aged 49. head of j 
the defence department in the 
Foreign Office, to be Ambas- 
sador to Oman in succession to 
Mr Duncan Slater, who. will be 
' taking up a further Diplomatic 
Service appointment . 

Mr Rapert Fairfax, aged 25. to 
be an additional assistant Pri- 
vate Secretary to the Prince of 
Wales from April 21 on 
.secondment from the Hanson 
Trust. He will advise on indus- 
trial and commercial affairs at 
borne and abroad. 


Mr Stephen Martin Stephens. 
QC to be a circuit judge on the 
Wales and Chester Circuit. 

Mr Timothy FJ-L Cassell to be 
fifth senior prosecuting counsel 
to .the Crown at the- Central 
Criminal Court Mr David Cal- 
vert-Saifth to be - a junior 
prosecuting counsel at the court. I 
Mr Julian Bnu and Mr Gra- ! 
ham Boal to be third and fourth 



Literary exploration of evil and cruelty 

also !0 develop, 

The French novelist, play- 
wright and poet Jean Genet 
one of the. most- original and 
provocative, wriiere of his 
generation, died yesterday. . 

According to his. own auto- 
biographical Journal du 
I'ofaiT, be was bora in the 
public . maternity, hospital in 
Paris on December 19. 1910. 
the • illegitimate , son of 
GabricHe Genet and of an 
unknown father. 

Abandoned by -his mother 
at birth, be was. placed, at the 
age of seven, as a foster child 
with a peasant, family in Le 
Morvan. . 

There, according to his 
friend -amf biog ra pher. Jean- 
Pa ui Sartre, he began to steal 
to compensate, himself for 
being the only person in the 
viliage who did .not possess 
property of his own.. When 
caught, be refused to reform 
but instead, made what Sartre 
considers to have been the 

and privately published in 
1942, probably with the help 
of Jean Cocteau. 

His crucial meeting with 
Sartre took place in May 1944, 
and sections ofhis third noveL 
Pompes Fun&bres, which con- 

which led the French authori- 
ties to lift their unofficial ban 
on Genet’s mosi briJl^ play. 

^MarieBdlin the leading 

r °This play had already hz 
controversial world premR 
in the Arts IJfaLre Club m 
London in 1957. when Genet 

so disapproved of the Pjwf uo- 

tion that he had to be re- 
strained by force fr°*n 
climbing on to the stage to 

denounce it- . . 

In 1966. his feme and 
notoriety reached their high- 
water mark with the produc- 
tion at the Odeon-Theatre de 
France of- his play. Les 
Paravenis, a satire of the 
French army and settlers in 
Algeria which so infuriated ex- 
servicemen’s organizations 
a special force of police 

basic "existentialist choice” - tain a remarkable study of had to be railed out to protect 

at the court on the appointment I i r- n» ** 

the appointment 
of Mr Stephen Mitchell as QC. 

Forthcoming marriages 


Mr N.D. Padfield 
and Mrs M. Barren 
The marriage took place in 
London, on Wednesday, April 
of Mr Nicholas Padfield. only 
son of Mr and Mrs David 
Pad Held, and Mrs Mary Barren, 
second daughter of Sir Edward 
and Lady Playfair. 

Mr S.H. NoweH-Smilh 
and Miss J. Adams 
Mr Simon Nowelf-Smiih. of 
Hcadingcon Quany. Oxford, 
and Miss Judith Adams, of 
Charibury. Oxfordshire, daugh- 
ter of Mr Frederick B. Adams, 
were married in Witney. 
Oxfordshire, on April 8. 

Mr M.C. van der Lande 
and Miss l.A.M.B. de 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. April 5. I486, at the 
Church of Our Most Holy 
Redeemer and St Thomas 
More. Chelsea. London. 5W3. 
of Mr Mark van der Lande. The 
Life Guards, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs Charles van der Lande. 
of South Holm wood. Surrey, 
and Miss Isabel de Minvielle- 
Devaux. daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Ian de Minvielle-Devaux. 
of Navland. Suffolk, jnd 
Kilchoan. Argyll. The Right Rev 
Patrick Casev officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marnage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Fiona Smith. 
Miss Joanna van der Lande. 
Miss Dominique Devaux and 
Miss Camille Devaux. Mr John 
Downs was besl man. 

A rcccpiion was held at 94 
Piccadilly. London. Wl. 

Birthdays today 

Lord Aberconway. 73: 

Mr V.G.B. Guinness 
and Miss L_J. Riven-Caraac 
The engagement is announced 
between Valentine, son of the 
Hon Jonathan Guinness, of 
O&basion Hall. Liecesiershire. 
and Mrs Paul Channon. of 
Kclvcdon Hall. Essex, and Lu- 
cinda. daughter of Commander 
and Mrs Miles Riveti-Camac. or 
Martyr Worthy Manor. 

Mr PJ. Chalk 

and Miss L.M. del C. Homnng 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, son of Mr Peter 
Chalk, of Holmbury St Mary. 
Surrey, and Mrs Anne OtalJc. of 
Ca scais. Portugal, and Laura, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Stephen 
Homung. of Iichingfield. West 

Mr G.A. Cotlenden 
and Miss C.F. Moore 
The engagement is announced 
between Graham, elder son of 
the late Mr B.C. Cottertden and 
of Mrs A.V. Coitenden. of 
Baldock. Hertfordshire, and 
Catherine, daughter of the late 
Mr J.G. Moore and ofMrsE.M. 
Moore, of Ascot. Berkshire. 

Mr P.N. Doilery 
and Miss D.R. EHIam 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter Neil, only son of 
Professor and Mrs C.T. Doilery. 
of Golderx Green. London, and 
Diane Rosemary, elder daughter 
of Squadron Leader and Mrs C. 
Ellam. of Wendover. 

Mr J.T.G. Donnelly 
and Miss H.L Barrows 
The engagement is announced 
between John, only son of Mr 
and MrsT.R. Donnelly, of Sark. 
Channel Islands, and Louise, 
only- daughter of Mr and Mrs 
J.R. Barrows, of Sark. Channel 

Mr C J.M. Ellis 
and Miss SJR- PaJamara 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, youngest 
son of Mr and Mrs J.H.M. Ellis, 
of The Old School House. North 
Mundham. Sussex, and Sarah, 
only daughter or Mr and Mrs 
Louis Palamara. of Cincinnati. 

Mr J.K. PSgram 
and Miss MJ.V. Powell - 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian. only son of Mr and 
Mrs F.E. Pig ra m. of High Wyc- 
ombe. Buckinghamshire, and 
Miranda, elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs B.A. Powdl. of The 
Barn. Effingham. Surrey. 

Mr P.M. Renfy . .. 
and Miss R-A. Nyfauid 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip MichaeL only 
son of Mr and Mrs Philip Reidy. 
of Worcester. Massachusetts. 
United States, and Rosemary 
Alexandra, elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs George Nyland. of I 
West Chilling ion. Sussex. 

Mr J.A. Wade 
and Miss M-L. Maze ■ 

The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan Wade. Royal 
Highland Fusiliers, second son 
of Major RJ.N.A. de V. Wade. 
RE (rctdk and Mrs Wade, of I 
Shrivcnham. Oxfordshire, and 
Marie-Louise. younger daughter I 
of Mr and Mrs Etienne Maze, of I 
Domamc de Montplaisir. 17710 j 
Burie. France. 

to be a thief. 

This "choice'’, was consis- 
tent with the pattern ofbehav- 
ioitr that Jed- to the next 
important recorded event in 
Genet's Jife: entry, at the age of 
I S, into the co/onie agricole, or 
juvenile, reformatory, at 
Metrray: : 

Afteretxforing the extreme- 
ly: harsh conditions which 
characterized- French treat- 

France during the Occupation, 
were published in Sartre's 
review, Les Temps Modemes. 

In 1947, Louis Jouvet pro- 
duced Genet's play, Les 
Bonnes, at the Th&are de 
t Atelier. This account of how 
two maid servants indulge in 
fantasies of murdering their 
mistress took some time to be 
folly appreciated, and became 
recognised as a major work of 

the theatre. 

It was, nevertheless, award- 
ed the Palmarts de !a Critique 
for the theatrical season, and 
served as the final nail driven 
by General de Gaulle into the 
coffin of L'Algerie Francaise. 
For a former convict, the 
situation was not without its 

Although all Genet’s prose 
works were orignally pub- 

ment of Juvenile offenders of the modern theatre only after lished in privately circulated 

the period. Genet enlisted at ‘ ' - - • ---■ — — — 

the age of 19 in the French 
Foreign Legion. He then de- 
serted, and- proceeded to lead 
an itinerant, life as. a beggar. 

the plays of Ionesco and 
Beckett had made audiences 
more familiar with the The- 
atre of the Absurd. 

Genet's earlier play. Haute 

editions, permission was re- 
ceived in 1951 for his Oeuvres 
Completes to be openly pub- 
lished by GallimanL There 
was stronger resistance in 

thief and homosexual prosti- Surveillance, a presentation of England and America to ib^ 
tute in the capitals of Europe, how one rather inadequate importation of his work, anvr 
He records some of nis criminal, w ishing to obtain the his arose works had to wait 
experiences at Mettrav in his 
second noveL Miracle de la 


Kingsley Amis. 64; Sir Oye Judge retires 
Arup. 91; Miss Joan Bakewell. , ** . . - . 

Judge David Sunson retired 
from the circuit bench on the 

53: Lord Camoys. 46: Sir James 
FawcetL 73: Sir Laurence 
GralTtey-Smith. 94: Sir John 
Harvey-Jones. 62: Sir Geoffrey 
Johnson Smith. MP. 62; Mr 
Spike Milligan. 68: Sir Albert 
Mum ford. 83: Mr Geoffrey 
Owen. 52: Sir Walter Salomon. 
80; Miss Constance Shacklock, 
73: Sir Edmund Stockdale. 83: 
Mr Peter Ustinov, 65. 

South-eastern Circuit on April 


Sir Philip Hay 
The Queen was represented by 
the Duke of Kent, who read the 
lesson, and the Duke of Edin- 
burgh by Prince Michael of 
Kent, ai the funeral service for 
Sir Philip Hay held yesterday at 
St Mary's. Eccleston. The Duch- 
ess of Kent attended and Prin- 
cess Alexandra and the Hon 
Angus Qgilvv were represented 
by Miss Mona Mitchell. Canon 
L.R. Skipper offreiated. assisted 
by the Rev Hugh Linn. Mr 
Andrew Hay. son. read from the 
sonnets of John Donne and Mr 
Edward Dawnav read a passage 
from U or and Peace. 

Kingswood School 

Term begins at Kingswood on 
Thursday. April 1 7. and ends on 
Saturday. July 12. Founder’s 
Day will be on Fndav. May 23. 
when the preacher in Bath 
Abbey will be the Rev Rupen E. 
Davies. The scholarship 
examination will be held on 
May 19-21. 

Royal Grammar 


Trinity Term begins today and 
ends on July 17. Michael Cain is 
captain of cricket. The 1986 
King's Lecture will be given on 
May 20 by Mr Diek Ta verne. 
QC. Athletic sports will be held 
on July- | and the Industry in 
Action conference, in connec- 
tion with Industry Year I486, 
will take place on July 3 and 4. 

Sovereign's Parade 

The name of T.A. Brear. The 
Duke of Wellington’s Regiment 
Newcastle University, was 
omitted from the list of Stan- 
dard Graduate Course No 853 
yesterday. A further Sovereign's 
Parade list is on page 26. 


Little Ship Club 
The Lord Mayor was the guest 
of honour at a reception given 
by the Little Ship Club at 
Skinners* Hall yesterday eve- 
ning. Mr P.G. Perry, com- 
modore. and Sir Owen Aisher. 
president received the guests. 


Media Society 

Miss Brenda Dean, general sec- 
retary ofSogat ’82, was the guest 
speaker at a luncheon given by 
the Media Society yesterday at 
the Cafe Royal. The president 
Mr Peter Carter-Ruck, presided. 


Royal Society’ of Medicine 
Sir John Walton. President of 
the Royal Society of Medicine, 
accompanied by Lady Walton, 
presided at a dinner last night 
during which the gold medal or 
the society was presented to Sir 
Cyril Garke. Among the guests 

Lord and Lady Porrttt. Lord and Lady 
Smith. Lady Oark«. Sir John and 
Lady Daclp. Sir Cordon and Lady 
Rooson. Sir John Stall worthy and Sir 
James Wan. 

Environmental Cleaners’ 

Lady Porter. Master of the 
Enxironmema! Geaners’ Com- 
pany. assisted by Mr Brian 
Barclay. Senior Warden, and Mr 
Alan Berry. Junior Warden, 
presided at the installation din- 
ner held last night at 
Haberdashers* Hall. The other 
speakers were Mrs Angela 
Rumbold. Parliamentary Un- 
der-Secretary of Slate for the 
Environment Major Philip Por- 
ter and Mr David Watt 
Middle East Association 
The Hon Alan Gark. MP. 
Minister for Trade, was the 
guest of honour and principal 
speaker at the twenty-fifth 
anniversary luncheon of the 

Middle East Association held 
yesterday at the Hilton hotel. 
MrG.T. King. Chairman of the 
Association, presided and Mr H. 
Ridehalgh. president also 
spoke. Othera present included 
ambassadors and other mem- 
bers of the Diplomatic Corps. 

Old Stoic Society 
The annual dinner of the Old 
Stoic Society will be held at 
Mm ham Taylors* Hall. 30 
Thrcadneedle Street. London. 
EC2. on Thursday. May 15. 
1986. at 7.15pm for 8pm. The 
guest speaker will be Mr Pere- 
grine Worsthoroe. Editor of tire 
Sunday Telegraph. All members 
arc very welcome. Tickets, at 
£30 each, arc available from the 
Local Secretary. Old Stoic Soci- 
ety. Stowe. Buckingham. MKI8 

Rose ( 1 946), and events in his 
later tile in the Journal de 
Voleurd 949). 

In -1942, while serving a 
sentence at Fresnes, Genet 
used the sheets ofbrown paper 
from which be was supposed 
to make paper bags to com- 
pose bis first novel, Notre 
Dame des Fleurs. The manu- 
script of this extraordinary 
evocation of the world of 
French criminals, prostitutes 
and homosexuals, was eventu- 
ally smuggled out of prison. 

criminal, wishing to obtain the 
status of a great evil-doer, 
murders one ofhis fellows in a 
condemned oeU, was pro- 
duced in the following year, 
but created such a storm of 
protest' that no new theatrical 
work by Genet was produced 
in France until Les Ntgres. in 
September 1959. 

Genet called it a clownerie 
on the theme of race relations 
and it had highly successful 
runs in both Pans and New 

In spite of this underwriting 
of tile colt of revolutionary 
violence, which Sartre was 

fats prose works 
until the early 1960s before 
being officially translated. 

Genet's works often reveal a 
far more critical attitude to 
evil than he himself officially 
adopted, and go some way to 
justify Cocteau's claim that it 
would one day be necessary to 
treat him as a moral iste. 

Whatever final judgment 
may be made on Genet's 
achievement as a writer, it is 
certainly true to say that not 
even the Marquis de Sade 
went further in exploring the 
potentialities and disappoint- 
ments ofeviL 


Reform Gob 

The Hon Douglas Hurd. MP. 
was the speaker at a dinner of , 
the Economics Group of the 
Reform Gub held last night at 
the club. Mr Douglas Uam bias 
was in the chair. 


Royal Institute of International 

Admiral Sir James Eberie was 
host at a supper lecture held at 
Chatham House yesterday when 
the guest speaker was Mr Jose 
Bo ta Togo. The other guests 

Sir Donald Barron. Sir Anthony 
Touch*. Mr Nicholas Baring. Mr 
Michael H Caine. Mr Nrtl Foreier. Mr 
S j Gross. Mr D Hamby and Dr N 
Brian Smith. 

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BA COMBE - To Angela inee Morfooti 
and Keith on the 9th of April 1966. a 
son. Pterf Si John. 

BETTS - On April 1 2. to Sarah (neo 
Smith] and Edward, a son. Manhew 
. James. 

BLACKBURN - On Tuesday am of 
April, io Bridget tnft> Coileiti and 
Jim. of Plllsford N Y. a son. Da, id 

BRUNT - On 12th April a! the County 
Howuai. Dorchester, to Jenny tnee 
Boon) and Nicholas, a son. 

Hugh Nicholas George, a brother for 
Emily. Polly and Laura. 

ELDER - On April 13 at SI Mary's Pad- 
dington. to Amanda <nee Stetni and 
Mark, a daughter. Katherine Olivia. 
GIBBON on lOth April 1986. Io Philip, 
pa and Peter, a daughter Felicity 
Mary . A sister for Gwili. 
GLADSTONE - bn 15!h April to 
Maggie and Robert, a daughter 

GOODMAN -on 12th April j 986. at St. 
Thomas' Hospital, to Claudia and 
Jonathan, a son. James Dctrrran 

HARBORS . On 14Ui of April at Si 
Thomas's HcsoiiaL lo Sarah-Jullel 
and Charles, a daughter. 

KNIGHT - On XSU, April at Odstock 
Hospital. SattWury. to Joanna mee 
Fein and Tony, a son Alexander 
KNOX -on April la. to Claire and Jim. 

a son tOiKcr James Stuart l. 
LLEWELYN-CVANS On 1 1 th April lo 
Catherine inee Forsier! and Adrian, 
a son. Edward. 

MACKENZIE on 12Ui April at Ow™ 
Charlotte's. London, to burnt into 
Liddell, and Charles, a son. a brother 
for Alexander. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

NAJIULA - On Bth April 1986. at The 
ow e. Nottingham lo Charlotte cnee 
Beech) and Tony - a daughter. 

0‘KEU.Y on 10th April 1986 at The 
Westminster Hospital lo Fleta- (nee 
Robertson! and Duncan, a son Piers 
a brolher for Ronan. 

PRICE - To Helen tnee Fisher) and 
Richard, on 10th Apnt. a son Robert, 
a brofher for Edmund. 

RICHARDS . Fiona (nee Green! and 
Anthony are delighted Id announce 
the birth of thetr son Hugo Peter 
Charles on BOi April . 

RKUMtWO - To IXtniefle and Frank a 
daughter CaiUhi Elizabeth on 16th 
March 1986. af Princess Margaret 
Hospital. Windsor. Berkshire. A sts 
ler for Jeremy. 

SALMON • on Saturday 12th April a! 
ute Portland Hospital, lo Lucy tnee 
Oviedoi and Jonathan, a son. 
Kristopher Other Samuel Jose, 
brother to KimOerk-y. 

SMITH - On April 4th to Claire and 
Tony, the gin of a fJItfc girl Camilla 
Grace NKhola. » stoer for Matthew 
and Timothy. 

STOWER - On 1 2th April 1986. in 
Canterbury, lo Sue into Hooki and 
Keun. a daughter Anna Clare. 
TEUMA-On llth April 1986. lo June 
(nee Spittle i and Charles, their first 
born, a son. Henry Edward Basil 
TURRELL - On April 1 Hh 1986. at St 
John's Chelmsford, lo Sue (nee 
Lloyd) and Paul, a daughter Emma 
J ane, a sister for Christopher. 
WHITTLE on IHi April 1906. to The- 
resa into Felton) and Geoffrey, a son 
Edward George William . a brother 
(or Natasha. 

WILMOT-SMITH On 12th APrfl at SI 
Teresa's Hospital, lo Jenny and Rich 
ard. a son. Frederick John, a brother 
for Antonia and Claudia. 

WILSON - On I2tn April at Wexham 
Park Hospital lo Susan cnee Heap* 
and Julian, a daughter. Amanda Car- 
oline. a sister for Adam and Lindsay. 


ARTHURTON - On April lOJh 1986. 
peacefully Robert han Douglas, aged 
81 years of Fairy lew. Crrrans Hill. 
Ponscamo. Cornwall. Funeral ser- 
vice on Friday. 18th April It 16am. 
ai Gerrams Parish Church. 
Portscalho. followed by cremation. 
Flowers U desired to I he Funeral 
Directors. A.C Richards & Son. 
Pcrranncirth. Tel: Truro 572027 
BLACKWELL on April 14ih. peaceful 
»v ai home afier a short illness John 
Kenneth Blackwell CBE Beloved 
nushand of Hilary, father of Alaslalr. 
Judiih and Andrew, lamer in-law oi 
Dai id and Crandlaiftcr of Rowan 
and Lorna Service Monday. April 
aI ** p ' MCT 'i Churm. sebev ai 
2 15 pm Enquiries lo Edward White 
& Sorv 5 Souin Pal Ian I. Cturhesler 
Tci 782130 

BROWN - Eric Georae. Idle of South 
Kensington and ex Chairman ot the 
Jaguar Dn««*»s Club, brnoied hus 
band of Mari", parsed peacefully 
away on the Ulh April an Cornwall 

SAERLEUL Ruth MBL Ute ot Luan- 
da. On 19UI March 198b in South 


COOOAN - On Sunday 13Jh April 
peacefully at lus home In West 
Tylherley. John Reginald Stuart 
•Jaciti aged 79. beloved and sadly 
missed by all his family. Funeral pn 
vale. Family’ flowers only. Memorial 
service at SI Thomas's Church. Salis- 
bury. on Friday 25th April. 1986 ai 
3pm. Donations if desired lo the 
Chesl Heart and Stroke Association 
c o The Midland Bank. Minster 
Street. Salisbury. Wilts. 

COLERIDGE - On April IJUi 1986 
peacefully in hospital. Dorothy Be- 
atrice Coleridge of Hursipterpoinl. 
Funeral service at Wood vale Crema 
torium. Lewes Road. Brighton on 
Friday April 1 8th at 1 1 30am Fam 
ilv flowers only, but donations it 
desired may be sent to the RS P C-A. 

COUJNS - On April 13th a) SJ Helen’s 
Hospital. Hastings. Rosemary, /ale ot 
CasUemame. St Leona rdsonsea. 
much loved by her family and 
friends. Funeral service ai Chris! 
Church. SI Leonards, on Wednesday 
April 23rd ai 2pm. followed by prt- 
i ale cremation. No flowers by her 
request. Donations if desired for Ihe 
fellowship of SI Nicholas, or Ihe Mar- 
garet Rosemary Home may be sent to 
-VC Towner Limited. 2 8 Norman 
Rd. SI Leonards-on sea. East Sussex. 
COURT - On April 13th suddenly, but 
peacefully at home. Elsa iBon> be- 
loved wife of Ihe late Teddy Court, 
dearly loved mother of Felicity and 
Robin, mother-in-law of Michael, 
cherished granny of Angus. James. 
Jason. Richard and Robin. Crema- 
tion service at Randalls Park. 
Leaiherhead on Friday April i8th at 

CROOM on Saturday April !21h 1986 
peacefully. Sir John Hailiday darting 
husband of Valerie and much loved 
father of David and Libby and grand 
lather of James. Patrick and Olivia. 
Serv ice St Johns Church. Princes SL 
Edinburgh on Friday April 18lh at 
2pm followed by private cremation. 
Family flowers only, but donations if 
desired lo SI Columba s Hospice. 
Boswali Rd. Edinburgh 

CURRAN on April 1 3U» suddenly. Mar- 
garet Mary, beloved daugmer of 
Ahoa Curran and sold ol Hewn. 
Hugh, and Silvia, much loved by ner 
nephew and nieces Funeral al Sa- 
cred Heart Church. Mill Hill, on 
Monday 21 si April al I 30pm Flow- 
ers tc Phillips. 530 Vv at thro way. 
NVv t JRS. or donations io Edgeware 
General Hosptlal. 

DOUGLAS- TENNANT - on Apnl 13 
1 986 alier a motor accident. Henry . 
dearly lovrd husband of Pam and 
lather of Venelia. Rurwn. Andrew 
and Edward Funeral service al Si 
Mari's Church. Mairfnng. Nr Har- 
low . Essex On Saturday admI i 9ih al 
2 3cipm Family fkkwvrv cnlv Dona 
lions If desired to SI Man lh« y irnm. 
Lillie Laver. 

EMBLETON - On April :aih ; ?So 
alter a short illness ai Mourn V ernon 
Hospital Ed warn G-rnrge murh 
ion-d husband of Siena Fumral 
-ervice on Tue*dav April 22nd al 
Brv'af spear Crrmanu ,um RuMip 
10 A5 am i West Chape)) Mowers in 
E Spark Ud. Telephone 09274 
2S37 2 

ENGLISH on 9th April 1986 Jocelyn. 
Widow of C C i Colly) English. Sur- 
vived by John. Tony and Anne. 

GOULO on llth April 1986. peacefully 
in hospital. Su- Ronald Could, aged 
81 of Worthing. Sussex. Formally of 
Souihgaie. London and Midsomer 
N orton. Somerset Beloved husband, 
faiher and grandfather Service to 
take piace al Goring Methodist 
Church. Bury Dme. Coring by Sea. 
West Sussex on Friday. !8Ui Apnl al 
1 1 30 am followed by Internmenl al 
Oumngioo Cemeurv. All flowers 
and enquiries lo H.D. Tribe Ud. 1 30 
Braoowaier Rd. Worthing, west Sus- 
sex. Tel: Worthing 3*516 

HARVEY - On 1 2th April 1986 peace- 
fully al Trinity Hospital. Taunton 
Patrick Roger (PnesU of Humble cm 
I aoe. BuCkland St Mary. Chard. 
Somerset, dearly loved husband of 
Rosamond and dear faiher of 
Charles. Bruce. MichaeL Diane and 
Miranda. Funeral service takes 
place. Friday 18th April. 2 30pm at 
Bucktand St Mary Church. Chard, 
followed bv interment ai Buck land Si 
Mary Family flowers only, bul do- 
nations in lieu if desired for ihe 
Paikmsons Disease Society, c o H 
Bishop & Sons. Funeral Directors. 
Chard. Somerset. 

HAYNES - On April 12th Harry Her- 
bert (Henry, of E. Lodge & Go. 
Charing Cross! and Of Lind lev Vicar- 
age. Huddersfield Formerly of 
Caiford. London. Funeral Friday. 
Apnl I8th. St Stephens Church. 
Lmdley. Huddersfield, at I.ASpm. 

peacefully at 22 Endcilffe CrescenL 
Sheffield, on Aprti i lUi alter a long 
Illness bravely borne. Ethel Mary 
Baffen. Bewved wife of CeraM and 
stsier of Gertrude Ward. Private cre- 
mation io be followed by a mem o rial 
service on Tuesday May 6th al 
12 50pm at Si Mark's Church. 
BroemhiSL Sheffield. No flowers 
Please Dona Ixxa for Die C P H E 
Sheffield and Peak District Branch 
may be sent to John Heath A Sons. 
Funeral Direciors. Sheffield. 

HEATH - Olga. Peacefully at her name 
in Si John’s Wood in her 90 year on 
I2ih April Funeral West Otapel. 
Golden Green Crematorium. 

2 3©pm Thur-Miay 17th Apnl. Flow- 
er*. io Kenyons. 132 Fneslon Rd. 

HOLMES - on 15tn April 1986 in hrs 
seventieth year. atOare. Robin, hus- 
band of Manone. faiher of Caroline. 
Deborah, and Jeremy Family funer- 
al A memorial service will be 
an noun red idler. 

0MC5S on Apnl ISih 1996. Air Com- 
modore william innes Cosmo 
■ Cnarh-s. CB, OBE. DL After a brief 
illrws* courageously borne. Beloved 
husband of Peggy Dear Father w 
Charles and Paul. Father in Law of 

JulnH and Lindsav. Grandfather Of 

Chjrle*. Ed » ard. Penejooe Jane. Abi- 
gail ana lone Funeral private 
Family flower nnlv Donations il 
WKlW lo Ihr R AT Beneveta-nl 
Fur.,1 Dale oi Memorial Strrv icc to be 
notified later. — - 

PEACHEY - On 1 2th April. Stanley 
Charles of 38 Tbliants Road. 

PLANS* OY . On April lOth 1986. af- 
ler a long Ulness. Leona (Lee) much 
loved husband of Beale. Cremation 
Friday AprH 18th al 12:50pm m the 
West Chapel. Goklers Green Crema- 
torium Ejxjutrtes Levertaxi St Sons 
•01-387 60751 

STOCKS. Peacefully after a short Ul- 
ness in hospital in Sao Paulo. Brazil. 
John, beloved son of the tale 
Ennquena ant) John Stocks, and 
dear friend or Susan Devine. 16 
Bruntsfletd Avenue. Edinburgh. 
EHto 4EL. satfly missed. 
THORNTON on AprU 6. 1986 * 
St. Anthony's Home. Wtmbtedon. 
John Oswtn Aged 88. Fortified by 
the Riles of Uw Holy Oumch R I P. 
WMATELY - peacefully tn Church 
Si ret ton. Shropshire on 14th Aged 
1986. Gwendoline Hannah, dearty 
lev ed wife of the tale Kevin Whatefy. 
and beloved mother of Richard. 
Clare, and Edward. Funeral service 
at Bertws Y Crywn Chwcb on Satur- 
day Apnl 19th at 12 ndon. followed 
by private cremation. Family flowers 
only please. Donations lo Betties Y 
Crywn Church. 

MCS . MA. Aged 83. peacefully at 
Cuckfiew Hospital on Sunday i3Ci 
April. Dearty loved husband of Jean, 
father of Mamnr and Ins and grand 
faiher of Fiona and AUson. Funeral 
on Friday 18th April at St Marys 
Church. Batcornbe. west Sussex at 
2.30pm- No flowers 

The Hon Lady Betjeman, 
widow of Sir John Betjeman, 
the former Poet Laureate, and 
the author of several extreme- 
ly entertaining travel books, 
has died on tour in the 
Himalayas, aged 76. - 

Under her maiden name of 
Penelope Chetwode. she wrote 
fluently and sympathetically 
of her intrepid journeys which 
she undertook often at great 
personal risk. 

Penelope Valentine Hester 
Chetwode was the only daugh- 
ter of a senior Army officer 
who became Field Marshal the 
first Baron Chetwode and 
Commander-irt-Chief of the 
British Army in India. 

She established herself in 
youth as an unusual and 
attractive personality. loyaL 
amusing and enthusiastic, 
qualities that developed 
throughout a lifetime of dy- 
namic friendship and religious 

In 1933 she married John 
Betjeman (not without initial . 
misgivings from her parents), 
and for many years of their 
married life, until they derid- 
ed to live apart, her gifts of 
mind and character were com- 
plementary to his own. 

The contrast between the 
imperial glories of Delhi and 


by Lord 

their modest dwellings in 
Berkshire was extreme: but 
her unconventional domestic 
accomplishments - including, 
at one lime, the Mead Water- 
fowl Farm, and an interest in 
King Alfred's Kitchen, a tea 
room in Wantage - helped to 
bridge the gap. 

She inherited from her fa- 
ther a passionate interest in 
horses, and her mounts in- 
cluded the half-Arab grey 
gelding. Mott celebrated for- 
being almost a member of her 
household (and for assisting at 

a tea party given 
Berners at Faringdonl.’ 

While in India she had also 
picked up a widely ranging 
interest in Indian culture, 
architecture and religion, 
about which she was genuine- 
ly. and volublv. 

Her own religious quest 
took her through a period in 
which she shared her 
husband's Anglicanism, but 
by a long process which had 
started with a visit to .Assisi, 
she found her way into the 
Roman Catholic Church, be- 
ing received into its member- 
ship in 1948. 

Her devoutness had its 
unexpected aspects: as a frier^ 
once remarked (far from un- 
sympathetically K “Penelope is 
practising mysticism, but the 
kingdom of heaven is not 
taken by storm.” 

She was a fearless traveller 
her exploits resulted in the 
publication of 7"uv Middle- 
aged Ladies in Andalusia 
(1963) and Kulu. the End ot 
the Habitable World (1972) in 
which uncon vemionality of 
approach never disguises the 
knowledge and sympathy of 
her observation. 

She had a son and daughter, 
who survive her. 


Sir Ronald Gould. General 
Secretary of the National 
Union of Teachers from 1947 
to 1970 and first president of 
the World Confederation of 
Organizations of the Teaching 
Profession from 1952 to 1970. 
died on April 1 1. aged 81. - 

He led the teachers in their 
salary- negotiations for 23 
years when the salaries of the 
leaching profession rose more 
rapidly than at any previous 

Ronald Gould was born on 
October 9. 1904. the son of 
Frederick Gould. Labour MP 
for Frame in 1923-24 and 

Educated at Shepton Mallet 

ancing the need to maintai^ 
ihe unity of the organization 
against the damage direct 
acuon could do to the profes- 
sional reputation of ihe 

In his last year of office 
came the militant salarv cam- 
paign which culminated’ in ihe 
spnng of 1970 with an indefi- 
nite strike by NUT members 
m selected areas. Without 
doing anything to whip up 
bitterness. Gould backed the 
campaign lo the hilt, and led 
foe teachers to a victorious 

In the course of his duties he 


BREEN TBcra urn i>e a Memorial Mass 
for Artiuir Vivian Breen MBE MC 
Croix de Cuwre me RUme. held in 
Uie Chapel of Ute Com oil of the As- 
sumption. 23 Kensington Sg. London 
w& on Saturday Apnl I9tt at 11 

THE FRANKLM bgppenUnery serv ice 
an aim e d at GreenuScfe for 20th 
Apnl B postponed until Die autumn. 

WTELAMD MeryL These wtlt be a 
thanksgiving service on Thursday 
1st May al 3pm at the Church of the 
Immaculate Concepnon. Farm 
Street. Mayfair Wl. 


eRACM - Mary Adelaide 16th April 
1985. Remembered with love by 
Peggy. Audrey. Daisy. Joan. BID. 
Jennifer. Owrtes and Tony. 

MRO A Serv ice of Thanksgiv ing for 
Ihe life and work ot Mr Shilton Web- 
Mer Jone«. for 20 years Principal of 
Ihe Bnlivn School of Osteopathy, will 
be held in Ihe Church of SL Martin- 
in Ihe rirlds. London, al 3 00pm. on 
Thursday. 24 ih Apnl 1986. All are 
'erj welcome al the Service and al 
an informal reception immediately 
afterward* al the British School of 
Osteopathy U Suffolk StreeLSWl. 

STAMP - In lov mg memory of Wrifnd 
Carls le i2nd Baron Stamp of Short- 
lands, killed by enemy action 16th 
April 1941 and of hn wife 
Katharine Lady Stamp who died m 
Ovtord 26 th October 1985 ■ beloved 
parnnu ot Elizabeth. Veronica and 


from sectarian educational l 7 «ravuu» 11V 

trtueaiefi ai shenton Mailer controversy, which had held "v?™ T 11 lately connected 
Grarnurar** ^ E teck ^ri5aniration of ^J^nwnwiOMl oiganK* 

^SSZJtSJSlS- 5CCOT, daiy schools in thecoun- ^ n u °J ** ‘caching profes-' 

lei2 where he took a London **>* ¥ cas * wb . ,le ^ placing He played an influential 

lege, wnere ne toon a London ccrlain practicaJ disabilities »" founding at Oslo in 

on non-conformist teachers. v°- fo e w orld Confcdcra- 

When Sir Frederick Mander SB ’iSridS 1 h ° bccamc ^ 
retired in 1947. Gould was a r . 

natural choice for general Nellie Dcrmh? 
secretary of the union, and j n 1979 ' vl l odiv - K dl 

was immediately plunged into Little * a ° d 351 * rar * Evc! * n 
complicated negotiations in 

Mr James Milne. General 

Tn2fl?7i of J hc Scottish 
.;!* \ "'on Congress, died 
55 Apnl 14 at his home in 
Glasgow, aged 65 . He ^ d " 

Aw/ rc a ™ r ,hc egress jn 

Aberdeen next week. 

l V l in -Aberdeen. 

a n?n a fam,l - v of fiv c. he was 
a paitero maker bv trade. 

a sh, P>ard. but he 
dofolopcda n rari; inKreslln 

rnmro C ioi " cd lhc Young 
Communist League in 1939 
and remained a life-long com- 
muni »- He served STsSSS. 

degree. Gould returned to his 
native Somerset in 1924 to 
teach at Radsiock Council 
School for 1 7 years. His other 
teach ing post w^s as headmas- 
ter of the Welton "Couiny 
SchooL Bath, from 1941-46. 

His family background 
made it natural for him to take 
an early interest in local 
government and in the affairs 
of his professional organiza- 
tion. He became a member of 
the Norton Radstock Urban 
District Council while still too 
young to vote in a local 
election, and for i 0 years from 
i 936 was its chairman. 

He joined the executive 
committee of foe National 
Union of Teachers in 1937. 
becoming president in 1943- 
44 at the time when the Butter 
Education Act was in labori- 
ous preparation. 

His experience in local gov- 
ernment and in the affairs of 
the union had brought him up 
against foe crushing apathy 
with which public and govern- 
mental opinion alike regarded 
education between the wars. 

He welcomed the course 
which foe 1944 Education Act 
took in removing foe sting 


the Burnham Committee 
(where he was leader and 
secretary of the teachers* 

At times his leadership 
seemed uncertain, but this was 
wholly explicable in the limit- 
ed role which he chose for 
himself.' He was not prepared 
to drive his members as 
Mandcr had done. He came to 
regard his prime task as that of 
holding together a member- 
ship of more than 220 . 000 . 

Militancy' among the teach- 
ers grew with the concern 
among professional groups 
generally that they were Liable 
to suffer under a national 
wages policy 
direct action. 

of the Aberdeen Trades 

>olicy which industrial \carg C iLcP r m ° re lhan 

32. and " ** b - v 

■ - -rd his union into foe Scoi t ish " Tran?^ C , ,ar> ' of lhc 
campaign against school press Hn«^ acs - n,on Con ~ 
mcals duties after the disap- al SrL*iorv a f„ a ?KL nied 8 cner ” 
pointing salan arbitration of E fcSl ! 1 -r 5 ' 

1967. but without relish, bal- force children W,fc * Alicc - and 





Television j Revivals rather than new plays. currently enliven New York: Holly Hill reports 

All too few chasing Tony awards 

Spring is traditionally •; the 
most active period in .the New 
York theatre, with scores of . 
shows opening to. b t eligible 
for the Tony and pthec avoids 
given in Jane.' -So : far this 

The idea ..of televising. Marco 
gj (Qtaniid' 4) may have 
^ a good one, although it 
/'dupio^ .be , said", that 13th- 
century. Europe has remairod 
j Ipriglate. Everything takes 
J jplace ; nia’stringe country 
"whety: English, American and 
Italian people are all related to 

each - other, and -where’ they I I3I1WU II ” — -i — — — 

talk incessantly about some- reliances of / socio-political 

seasoa, i iheomries .are. miser- 
ably few* T^ de- 

aVExceution'of. Justice 
robably .further diluin^ 
the already -mmascule 

thii% V, known as “Christian- 
'; flora". 1 Tfcfe music' isinter- 
'estjng, however; it. has been 
. respedaily. composed” for the 
series, and yon would imagine 
that Marco Polo's travels bad 
been aka* since his rontantfc 
escapades ;so far bear very 
■_ hide relation to the original 
£ account 

The - series has what is 







< . 


plays surviving on Broadway. 
The news is no better for the 
one-set drama of family rela- 
tions. for a new Broadway 
entry of that genre, Precious 
Sons (Longacre Theatre), is 

..While Ed Harris, Judith 
Ivey and the 14-year-old boy 
wonder Anthony Rapp are as 
The series has what is splendid as iheir undentevel- 
generally known as a cast of oped characters allow, and the 
“stars*" (Denholm Elliott and designers provide a joylessly 
Bnrt ’Lancastef among them), porky lower-middle-ckissl 949 
but here they seem to be 
cnriposly disembodied, pres- 
ences. Uke-tbe- hologram of 
Laurence .OBrier in a cnrrevt 
musical, we get the name 
without the substance.' A pos- 
sible exception might 'be made 
for J6j» Houseman, once 
again in hts favourite role as 
Harvard' • professor — even 
though' on this occasion' he is 
wearing a 13th-century toupee 
and « wrapped in what looks 
suspiciously like a bedroom 
carpet. Sir John Gielgud 
makes an appearance, as 

• The problem seems to be 
that this, is a “muttinationaT 
drama' (rather like the spuri- 
ous concept of “world liter- 
ature* 4 ) and. as a result, is as 
homogenized and as tasteless 
as that other well known 
international commodity, air- 
line food. -The "most curious 
tact, however, is that the 
Italian film-makers them- 
selves should turn their own 
past into a tatty fairground 
burlesque. -• 

Not that contemporary pro- 
ductions emanating from a 
single country are necessarily 
a good idea: the new' series of 
Miami Vice (BBC1) relies 
upon pop music and upon 
popular imagery and manages 
at the same time to have the 
adult interest of a pop-up 
book. And The Kenny Everett 
Television Show* immediately 
before it on the same charnel, 
was about as funny .iis a mgpT 
in an abattoir* 

{All wj iV*H -MUVWVTVm.M * / • -V 

milieu, they cannot- marie the 
conflicts ' in George Furth's . 
writing.' Precious Sons is .a 
Forties play in Eighties Tout 
mouthed dialogue. - 
. While it is possible that- 
fathers spoke’ as crudely and 
rudely to their families and 
sons' girlfriends, in the earlier 
decade, they did no do so on : 
stage, and. as the play appears 
to aim at Death of a Salesman 
resonance, the dialogue is 
jarring The writing also lacks 
courage, forcing characters to 
rage, cry. laugh and compro- 
mise on cue and settling for 
sentimental resolutions when 
the parents clearly cannot live 
with or without each other . 
Precious Sons holds interest, 
but frustrates rather than re- 
wards iL 

In the sociopolitical dra- 
matic arena. On -Broadway’s 
Public Theater has pretniired 
Vaclav Havel's Largo Deso- 
late. but done the playwright 
.an unspeakable disservice by 
delivering him into Richard 
Foreman's dutches. It is im- 
possible. to tell whether 
Havel's tale of a philosophy 
professor growing impotent 
and incompetent under politi- 
cal stress is theatrically, viable 
because Foreman's staging 
makes it look and sound Kke 
an amateur zombie movie. . 

Max StaSbrd-CIaric's restag- 
ingdf Aunt, pan mrfLemonat, 
the Public, however,, is a 
revelation. The iA^nam 



/- . -f. 

• sSi&fcj/-*. '■ V;*'' 

v - 

* : m 

V .-M 

, ; ■ '' ^ 


iiil . - • 


^subtly ^wiive Jfljstt Dan 

Pe te* Actooy 

catch : iu&wClf ;. 

Wind -Quintet’s neb* pro- 
gramme ' repeated nget . 

Sunday ar LL15am on Radio 
X .- 

Nielsen’s inspiration; came 
from the volatile performing 
personalities of the Copenha- 
gen Wind Quintet. The 
Tuckwell Quintet are quite a 
bunch themselves, , and ib^ 
delighted in the composer s 
moments of mockery at his 

■own reverence for counter-. 

point, making both the paste; 
ral opening and - die- said 

Minuet and Triointo games or 

mistaken identity. * ‘ ■ •_ 

The finale, a crack . net of 

r ,~v ; ; 

' Lemon, makes Wallace dictator's follower -or, even, 
Shawn’s play predominantly a torturer. I found this reading 
' story about the negligent psy- of the play much more pro- 
: cMogjcai and sexual abuse of vocative than the onginaL 
4f child who is thus so emp^ - '■ to? current socuj- 

lionaflySaintedtlirtriie^rows' ribticg .entries is aonwon 
into an Unfeeling adult who show..Enc Bogosian s Dnnk- 
gpnld^ heepme a maniacal. Jag « Amer^JAtpenran 


Concert : 

Tuckwell Wind 

St John’s/Radio 3 

It is difficult to imagine more 
provocative use of that balmy 
scrcnadcr. the wind ensemble, 
than that made by Nielsen in 
his 1922 Wind Quintet, or by 
Janacck in his sextet Slladi: 
The two works met head-on at 
Monday's BBC lunchtime 
concert; and for anyone who 
missed it- or who wants to 

variations on one of the niahy 

hymn-tones Nielsen *as com- 
posing at the time, is a not or 
the unpredictable, and was 
enjoyed as such. From toe 
raucous dannet, leaping . m 
gawky descending arpeggios, 
to the skirling flute and sere- 
nading horn, Nielse n fin ds as 
many ways as possible or 
ridiculing his theme and test- 
ing his' players' virtuosity. • 
At 70, youth obsessed Jana- 
cek — the torment of youth, 
eternally' renewed in , The 
r Makropulos ; Case , -.and toe 
"celebration of the glad tran- 
sience of youth .-itself in this 
sextet “Youth, golden 

youth", the oboe sings at toe 
start; yet, typically, this osten- 
sibly Withe phrase is troubled 
and made ambiguous by toe 
harmonies rumbling below it 
in horn, bassoon and bass 
clarinet (Stephen Trier joined 
toe Quintet at this point). 

It was the Tuckwell’s 
achievement to keep alive toe 
co-existence of these con- 
trasts. nudging the works 
darting motives and registers 
from one mood to another, 
and drawing them together in 
the finale’s chiming assent. 

Hilary Finch 

Place Theatre). The youthful 
writer-performer is talented in 
both areas. With flying-saucer 
blue eyes, a lithe body, a 
compelling voice ranging from 
soft croons to crude croaks, 
and a gift, for dialects. 
Bogosian wrings satiric hu- 


Swim Visit 
Donmar Warehouse 

mour and some pathos front a 
gallery of doped and liquored- 
up losers, though 90 non-stop 
minutes in such company is 
pretty dreary. 

Circle Repertory Company 
has received a special grant 
enabling it to run a repertory 
season of three plays, but 
something went very wrong 
when the actors were chosen. 
Neither old-time stalwarts nor 
newcomers are as good as they 
have been at other times 
and/or places, and with rare 
exception toe company and 
individual work, and toe di- 
rection. is leaden. 

A pity that toe first main- 
stream revival of Lanford 
Wilson's 1985 The Monad 
Builders - a rich work and toe 
only play I know of besides 
D'Annunzio's The Dead City 
to make theatrical capital 
from the subject of archaeolo- 
gy — never takes off with 
either of its alternating casts 
(with the exception of Jay 
Patterson's vibrant young ar- 
chaeologist). Caligula, given 
an arresting modem-dress 
production with classical tou- 
ches something in spirit like 
Peter Hall's Coriolanus. suf- 
fers because the actors speak 
toe language so flatly^ A 
Canadian play by Anne Chis- 
leit. Quiet in toe Land, is 
awkward in both writing and 
production. At least John Lee 
Beatty's sets and Dennis 
Parichy's lighting in the Circle 
Rep's new theatre, the Triplex, 
an ungainly space with a 
cavernous high-ceilinged au- 
ditorium rising on three sides 
around a relatively small 
stage, are inventive and 
j attractive. 

Three outstanding revivals 
are cause for celebration. In 
the Roundabout Theatre 
Company's Room Service. 
Mark Hamill proves what an 
able character actor he is as a 
frenetic con-man producer. 
Swoosie Kurtz and John 
Mahoney (a recent Step- 
penwolf import in Orphans 
and a tremendous addition to 
this city's leading men) are 
fiinny and pathetic in John 
Guare's The Honse of Bine 
Leaves at Lincoln Center's 
Mitzi E Newhouse stage. 
John Dillinger's staging of the 
first major New York revival 
of Loot with Zoe Wanamaker 
heading a blissful cast,, has 
been such a hit that it is 
moving from the Manhattan 
Theatre Club to Broadway. 

Infectious high spirits: Gino Qnilico 

Ann Murray's immensely enjoyable Rosina 

The onlv reservation one 
could really have about the 
recital by the Russian pianist 
Nina Lelcbnk was her some- 
times erratic attitude to get- 
ting ihe notes n Bht. m 
Brahms's second book ofPa- 
ganini Variations and Cho- 
pin's Barcarolle, for instance, 
her formidable technique was 
applied in a nonchalantly 
slapdash manner. 

Everywhere else there was 
abundant evidence that she is 
a fine artist her approach to 
Bccihovcn's A flat Sonata. Op 
1 10. was ideally responsive to 
toe. work’s unfolding "ius»c?J 
processes, while three. Chopin 
Mazurkas were each immacu- 
lately characterized. 

To plav Rachmaninov's 
Second Piano Sonata .you 
need not just a huge technique 

London debuts 

Gifted but erratic 

. . • ■ 1 1 Km*, iif C^hiihi 

but the right kind of huge, 
technique. To judge from his 

technique. An over-large progran 

performance the young Amer- ^ ^ Israeli pianist Benja 
icon Mareautooio Barone real- Rawitz rather got in ns t 

■ . l.. :< uic nlnvins anneared • ubiv ail. too often he < 

ly has it. His playing appeared 
to be note-perfect, with an 
instinctive sense of Rach- 
maninov's cubato: he brnUa 
tremendous dimax to toe first 

to make things happen m toe 
quieter moments. ' However 
three of Ravel’s Mirpirs were 
accurate but idiomanc-oiuyin 
patches; Scriabin's Seven 'Jj 
Sonata lacked finesse; and 
Schubert's ' Moments must- 

caux had little of Schubert 
about them. 

An over-large programme 

.i-_ » 1: P— ^min 


way: all too often he only 
seemed to start concentrating 
on the piece in question when 
he- was - already halfway 
through . it. In fact two. of 
Granados’s -Goyescas and 
Chopin's . Andante spianato 
.■virtually disappeared in this 

The conceit by toe Orches- 
tra Australis in St James's. 
Piccadilly, was a multiple 
dibui: the first appearance of 
the orchestra itself (it has a 
nucleus of London-based Aus- 
tralian players), the conductor. 
Robert Smallwood’s first ap- 
pearance in London, and the 
British premifrres of toe Aus- 
tralian composer Nigel 
Butierley’s Gotdengrove for 
strings and Smallwood s own 
Discovery for orchestra. Also 
included were Walton's A 
Song for the Lord -Mayor’s 
Table (with typically spirited 
singing, from Jane Manning). 
Grainger's Colonial Song and 




MODERNAKr*«- 1 £* 

. tSfSmoWnt 


^iHbank,l- ond ® riSW1 : 

virtually disappeared in ihis^ /Vaughan Williams s Hasps 
manner. A pity, because else- - Overture, this last especially 
where you could frequently p] av ed with energy and accu- 

: — .u — « «i rac ^_ Smallwood drew a secure 

performance of Discovery, a 
confident and accomplished 

Malcolm Hayes 

sense an -intelligent artist at 
work, very much on terms 
with toe crystalline dynamism 
and technical complexities of 
Scriabin's -piano style (the 
Fourth Sonata was impres- 
sively done). ‘ 

22 April to 51 May 






Musical Adaptation 

Arrangements by 



. BOX OffttE 01-928 7616 

Ted, the pivotal character of 
Wesley Moore's play, is toe 
boss of a non-union factory 
that manufactures fibre-glass 
trays. Originally a pioneer 
concern, it has been overtaken 
by its competitors, a fact to 
which Ted doggedly shuts his 

The picture that this evokes 
is dramatic in the extreme. 
Imagine a factory floor seeth- 
ing with rumours of impend- 
ing bankruptcy, where every 
threat of industrial action is 
met with another wage-rise; 
where pay-cheques keep roll- 
ing in although toe trucks 
have long ceased to visit toe 
premises: and where, under 
the orders of an unseen propri- 
etor. the workers have trebled 
production even though there 
is nowhere to stack toe trays 
they have already made. 

I find that a most arresting 
image: and it tells you a lot 
about Mr Moore — and. alas, 
the American toeaire - that he 
has chosen merely to describe 
U. while setting toe play itself 
alongside toe pool of Teds 
private residence. Here, under 
toe eyes of his ghastly wife and 
a predatory neighbourhood 
widow, is enacted toe dreary 
old encounter between toe 
ageing bull and toe young 
siud: as embodied by Clay 
(William Hope), a quietly 
respectful quality-control 
overseer who comes to plead 
the workers' cause to their 
disaster-bound employer. 

Not that he makes much 
headway in that department. 
Within minutes of his arrival 
Beth (the neighbour) has got 
him rubbing sun-oil into her 
back: and. when he, does, 
manage to raise toe subject of 
his visit. Ted's response is to 
invite him to.a swimming race 
and supply an impromptu pair 
of trunks by slicing ofT his 
trouser-legs with garden 

shears. . . 

Mr Moore is big on toe 
svmbols. Dialogue is thick 
with references lo fertile sur- 
rounding land and the stag- 
nant ponds on Ted's estate. 
Ted is said to have driven his 
big fat plant into virgin 
icrritory.As for character, 
though, there is no more 
individuality than in an Ac- 
tion Man kiL Beth (Elizabeth 
Richardson) and Clay are 
there to show youth ana 
fertility triumphing over toe 

childless elders. , la. Ted's 
wife, gives Patricia Elliott toe 
pretext for delivering the en- 
tire British repertoire of the 
monster raid-western matri- 
arch. As for Ted, it is hard to 
tell whether he is intended as a 
captain of industry or a victim 
of marriage. As played by Don 
Fellows — an unmatched ex- 
ponent of the downtrodden 
American male - he cam« 
more weight when slumped 
despairingly over a copy of 
Nen-sweek than when gallop- 
ing into battle with the shears. 
Christopher Payton’s produc- 
tion boasts some pretty aquat- 
ic lighting and topiary sug- 
gesting toe work of an infant 
school papier miche class. 

Irving Wardle 

II barbiere di 

Covent Garden 

On its fourth substantial 
change of casL Michael 
Hampe's production of II 
barhiere di Siviglia is begin- 
ning lo sparkle as it did not a 
year ago. when it was new. 
The stage business, some of it 
freshly-mimed, is now funnier 
and more brightly lit (though 
Peter Davison's towering sets 
remain irredeemably grev), 
and this cast is surely toe 
strongest yet. . 

The main revitalizing influ- 
ence. however, comes from 
toe pit. The Italian conductor 
Alberto Zedda may not run 
toe tightest of ships, and there 
were times when the rapport 
between players, singers and 
conductor seemed to hang 
precariously on the lone ting 
of a triangle. He may some- 
times let orchestral detail 
swamp the singers — not 
surprisingly since, as a leading 
Rossini scholar, it was he who 
rediscovered this score's irae 
instrumental colours. But 
these are minor penalties to 
pay for the excitement that 
Zedda instilled. It is difficult 
to imagine the chattering 
woodwind writing, and espe- 
cially the two piccolos' flighty 
runs, more sharply delineated, 
or the violas' offbeat giggles in 
Basilio's scandal-mongen ng 
aria imbued with a more 
sneering tone. 

This sense of exuberant 
momentum permeated toe 
stage too. Hampe's formerly 
rather heavy-handed point 
about Rosina being kept be- 
hind bars and bolts is now 
conveyed with slick farce. The 
Act 1 finales "freeze" [s all toe 
more efTeciive for being suc- 
ceeded by a wild, arm-waving 
ensemble' jig: a trifle juvenile, 
perhaps, but infectiously high- 


That is precisely toe quality 
projected by Gino Quilicos 
Figaro. His “Largo al fac- 
totum" - sung straight out 
front, foot on toe prompt4x>x 
■ — — established the Canadian's 

ringing baritone, his excellent 
enunciation and his resource- 
ful repertoire of gestures. But 
it was in toe Act II machina- 
tions that his vivacious stage 
presence, replete with whoops 
and leaps, became folly 

Domenico Tri march i s vir- 
tuoso patter in “A un donor" 
was sometimes obscured by 
over-enthusiastic accompani- 
ment. but his fussy, comically 
preening Bartolo is now an 
admirably detailed character- 
ization. The contrast it made 
with this Figaro created a 
strong “youth versus age 
ambience that suited Ann 
Murray and David RendalL 
the new Rosina and Alma- 
viva. She wisely jettisoned 
customary pouting petulance 
in favour of an appealing. 
ingenue quality: a modern girl 
for whom old-fashioned re- 
strictions simply appear irrele- 
vant. Apart from some 
aggressive highmotes early on. 
her singing was immensely 
enjoyable. The coloratura was 
tucked in unobtrusively; the 
tone was shaded many differ- 
ent ways to suit situation, but 
was ai its best in a huskily 
sensuous middle register. 

Rendall lightened his tim- 
bre and also emerged with 
vocal honours, though his 
acting caught toe attention 
more. His drunken soldier 
perhaps sat on his axe once 
too often, ripping wheeze 
though it was. but in his abbe 
guise his parody of the more 
flowery school of pianism was 
spot-on. With Robert Lloyd 
providing a heavyweight Bas- 
ilic. and Jane Eaglen's Bertha 
chipping in with a lively Act II 
aria, this Barber now looks 
and sounds in good shape. 

Richard Morrison 



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vacant: one fire eater of great finesse 

Auditioning yesterday in Stoke-on-Trent for the job as resident fire eater at the Solid Fuel Advisory Service, Mr Jeremy 
Minnis (above), alias the Fenland Fool of Norfolk, shows his flaming talent But Mr Dan Lynch, better known as 
Stromboli. of Radcliffe. got the job (Photographs: Alex Yeung) 

False name Telecom share 

purchasers fined £14,000 

Two men who applied for £1.000 on each of six sum- 
shares in the Great British manses of attempting to obtain 
Telecom share flotation by 6J30Q shares, 
using raise names and ad- in the first case of its kind 
dresses were fined a total of Mr Julian Bevan told the 
£14.000 with £1.000 costs at court, Corbin aged 49, of 
Bow Street court yesterday. Emerson Road. Ilford used 
Stockbroker Alfred Cor- four false names to try' to buy 
bin’s greed when be ran into the shares when they were 
business problems and tried to heavily oiersnbsribed and 
buy 10,000 shares led to his profitable. Only one applica- 
ruination after a blameless tioa per person was allowed, 
professional career, the court Five other men summoned 
heard. with similar offences were 

His case was only the tip of remanded, 
the iceberg. British Telecom Mr Bruce Morgan defend- 
admitted. And his defence ing, said as soon as Corbin, of 
solicitor launched an attack on previous good character, fonnd 
the men in the City who make he mav be prosecuted be sent 
a living from applying for back the £19.000 profit be 
shares in false names. made and resigned as partner 

Corbin was fined £2,000 on of the stockbroking firm he 
each of four offences of at- hud been with for 26 years, 
tempting to obtain 10.000 He lost his £50.000 a year 
shares. job and missed out on a six 

Warwick. Goodman 56. a figure sum when the firm was 
company director of Delroy recently sold. Mr Morgan said 
Court. Whetstone, was fined Corbin committed the offence 

when he lost £8,000 in shares 
in Associated British Ports 
because of the miners strike. It 
was not a sophisticated offence 
as be used bis own bank 
account and address when 

"Since this prosecution 
started many people in the 
City must have had many 
sleepless nights. Their fortune 
is that they are not where my 
client is sitting now,” Mr 
Morgan said. 

He attacked "staggers” who 
make a living from baying 
multiple shares in false names. 
"Multiple applications are 
part of the way of life in the 
City. People make their liveli- 
hoods from baying shares in 
multitude and making vast 
fortunes. I would go as far as to 
say it has become acceptable 
practice in the City. No doubt 
things will change because of 
this prosecution.” 

protests at 
riot death 

By Gavin Beil 

A scries of largely peaceful 
protest demonstrations and 
religious ceremonies were 
staged in loyalist communities 
throughout Nonhem Ireland 
yesterday, following the death 
of Mr Keith White, aged 20. 
two weeks after being struck 
by a plastic bullet fired by 
police during rioting on Easter 

One of the biggest demon- 
strations was staged in Belfast 
where more than 500 workers 
assembled for a 20-minute 
religious service with strong 
political undertones. 

Ulster (Loyalist) Clubs 
chairman Alan Wright ad- 
dressed a similar crowd as- 
sembled at a war memorial in 
Pormdown about 100 yards 
from where Mr White was 

J ohn O’Sullivan in the Commons 

Lioness in a den 
of Daniels 

Breakthrough hope in 
kidnap family’s ordeal 

The family of Mrs Jennifer 
Guinness, who was kidnapped 
eight days ago. have been told 
by their security adviser that 
her ordeal at the hands of an 
armed gang may Iasi weeks 
(Richard Ford writes from 
Dublin). Yet speculation grew 
in Dublin last night that a 
breakthrough in the hum for 
the missing woman may occur 
within 24 hours. 

There was increased activi- 
ty involving Lhe Control Risk 
firm of security advisers at the 
family home in Howth. north 

of Dublin, as the latest dead- 
line for contacts from the gang 
passed with the silence 

Representatives from the 
London-based company have 
been advising Mr John 
Guinness since last Wednes- 
day morning — only a few 
hours after Mrs Guinness, 
aged 48. was abducted from 
her home by armed and 
masked men demanding an 
lr£2 million (about £1.75 mil- 
lion) ransom. 

Mrs Thatcher arrived >es- 
terday in a Commons which 
was nunoured to be passion- 
ately indignant at her deci- 
sion lo allow US aircraft to fly 
to Libya from British bases 
and determined to call her to 
account. Was this the parlia- 
mentary occasion, wondered 
men grey in years and opin- 
ions. that would finally bring 
her down? 

As so often before, howev- 
er. she. proved to be a lioness 
in a den of Daniels. Every 
criticism from the Opposi- 
tion benches was turned away 
with remorseless logic, every 
hint of nervousness on the 
Tory benches was soothed 
away with painstaking expla- 

It was in the phony war of 
Prime Minister's question 
time that she won her essen- 
tial victory. Several Arabists, 
her natural opponents on the 
Tory benches, began confi- 
dently. They thought that she 
was altogether too hostile to 

Mr Patrick MacNair-WiV- 
son (C. New Forest), for 
instance, complained that 
while the Palestinian prob- 
lem was unsolved, no action 
would stop "friendly Arab 
governments” from taking 
violent actions around the 
world. Apparently we have to 
grin and bear h. No doubt 
they are carried out in spirit 
of nm. 

The Prime Minister replied 
that she favoured the peace 
process, but that peaceful 
methods bad not reduced 

She went on to point out to 
another Tory sceptic, who 
feared that terrorism would 
now escalate because of the 
attack on Libya, that terror- 
ism had been escalating dur- 
ing the period when peaceful 
methods were pursued. That 
was why the United States 
had finally exercised its. in- 
herent right of self-defence 
under Article 51 of the Unit- 
ed Nations Charter. 

Dr David Owen now . 
weighed in fresh ' from his 
televised lectures on interna- 
tional law. He thought that 
the President Reagan had an 
obligation to ask the UN 
Security Council to inter- 

vene. as Britain had done in 
the Falkland*. 

Mrs Thatcher said that the 
Security Council had already 
condemned terrorism - 
whereupon nothing much 
had happened. 

These brisk replies were 
visibN rallying support on 
the Tory side. And when Mr 
Jonathan Aitken (C. Thanct) 
began bv referring . to her 
“difficult" but totally correct 
decision” to support the US 
reprisal, there was a low 
rumble of Tory support. 

"She responded to it by 
asserting that it was 
"inconceivable” that a Brit- 
ish Government would refuse 
America assistance to protect 
its 330.000 US troops who 
were in Europe to protect 
Europeans against aggres- 

A Labour MP. sensing that 
Mrs Thatcher was replying 
effectively to frontal assaults, 
tried subtlety. Since the 
.Americans bad all those jets 
on aircraft carriers,, he won- 
dered. why had she granted 
permission for the land-based 
F Ills to be used? That 
produced a subtle reply in 
mum. The F 1 1 Is were more 
accurate aircraft liable to hit 
their targets with the least 
harm to civilians and least 
collateral damage: Her per- 
mission — ran the implica- 
tion - might have saved lives 
Most of Mrs Thatcher's 
main themes had been estab- 
lished at this point. The US. 
as a loyal ally helping to 
defend " Europe, deserved 
British support: the evidence 
for GadanVs involvement in 
terrorism was massive: 
peaceful methods had not 
persuaded Gadaffi to aban- 
don terrorism: and to contin- 
ue to rely entirely on them in 
these circumstances would 
mean being supine and pas- 
sive - before the terrorist 
threat She reiterated these 
points in her full statement 
Mr Kinnock rose - and 
embarked on a criticism of 
Mrs Thatcher's role in the 
Westland case. Had she con- 
sulted the Cabinet Commit- 
tee? Were Ministers in her 
confidence on this? Did the i . 
Foreign Secretary know? And j*® 
so on and so forth. It was all 
very uninteresting. 

V- 4 1'V 


Today's events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen, accompanied by 
The Duke of Edinburgh, opens 
the new Henley Royal Regatta 
headquarters'. Henley-on- 
Thames. 3. 

Princess Anne attends The 
Piper Champagne National 
Hunt awards. Cheltenham 
Racecourse. 12.45. 

The Duke of Gloucester visits 
eoklsmuhs’s workshops at 1 
Bleeding Hart ^ d. ECI. 1 1. and 
31 C’lcrkenwcll Close. EO. 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
attends a reception to launch a 
new book Special Cure H^h t*. 
The Stuck Exchange. EC 2. ti. 
and later attends a gala dinner. 
t)2 Knights bridge. SVV I. it. 

The Duke of Kent visits RAF 
Maiham. Kings Lynn. lit. 30. 

The Duchess of Kent opens 
the Research Institute for the 
Can: of the Elderly. St Martin's 
Hospital. Bath. 11.30: and later 
opens the Huntingdon Centre. I 

Countess of Huntingdon's Cha 
pel. Bath. 2.20. 

New exhibitions 
Paintings by Mike Biddulph 
Gallery IU. 10 Grosvenor Sl 
WI: Mon to Fri 10 to 5.30. Sat 
10 to 1 tends May I) 

Recent paintings by Nadia 
Cockayne and Paul Milhchip: 
Richard Allan Gallery. 20 Park- 
Walk. SW 10: Tues to Fri 1 1 to t> 
Sar II to 4 tends April 30). 

The Man Who Ale His Boots: 
the life and work of Sir John 
Franklin: Museum of Lincoln 
shire Life. Burton R<L Lincoln; 
Mon to Sal 10 to 5.30. Sun 2 to 
5.30 (ends July 20). 

Piano recital by Piers Lane; 
Queen Elizabeth Hall. South 
Bank. 7.45. 

Concert by The King's Con 
sort: The Purcell Room. South 
Bank. SE1. 7.30. 

Recital by Jeremy Rose fclari- 
ncti. Alistair Logan (hasscit 
horn) and Helen Ireland t pi- 
ano i: Si Clave's. Han St. EC3. 
I Ji5. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,021 





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■ a all 






1 Fairy, fish and flower M0). 

6 Complain of the fish 14). 

9 Being unmarried, take one- 
way ticket to the Cape ( fGi. 

10 Present yield (4 ». 

12 Applaud when man% drink 

13 By no means squander 
wildly some eastern coin 1 % 

15 Opening mail to give sup- 
port for a swmeer (St. 

16 Coming from a dread ven- 
ture f6 ». 

18 Like a bird following the 
ship here? (t»t. 

20 A sort of blue Junker (St. 

23 Gains edge with difficulty, 
obtaining release (*<). 

24 Retrospective magazine is- 
sue (4). . 

26 End of Egyptian king? So be 
it |4». 

27 Late advice to worker to 
take farm employ men: l Iuj. 

28 Knocked back some of the 
gin (4). 

29 Air bridges arranged bv offi- 
cers MM). 

DOW > 

1 For success in test, get rid of 
the ball f-ij. 

2 Curl right round the fire- 

3 Everyone takes exam m part 
of stage decoration M2). 

4 No ihree-quaners doubling? 
Rubbish! {#). 

5 Man and boy in pan of the 
sen ice (6). 

7 A number receiving the Ital- 
ian type of dye (7). 

8 Giving this time a gin cock- 
tail Mu j. 

II Dropped after cheat be- 
haved patronizingly M2). 

14 Dad and Gran get unusual 
ornamental moulding 

27 Refinement in the stud busi- 
ness f$l. 

19 Ctrl has lime for a bit of 
mosaic work (7). 

21 Pretend to be like one friend 
about n i?). 

22 Speed progress (6). 

25 Decides to cancel a month 
from this date (4k 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,020 

Concise Crossword page 10 

Organ recital by Ricbad 
Townend: St Margaret. 
Loth bury . EC2. 1.10. 

Concert by the City of Bir- 
mingham Symphony Orchestra 
and Chonts: Birmingham Town 
Hall. 7.30. 

Concert by the Sylvan Play- 
ers: Milton Manor. Abingdon. 


Harp recital by Frances Kelly: 
Chenies Manor House. 
Amershsm. 8. 

Talks, lectures 
Cultural trends in Zimbabwe, 
by Dr David Karamanztra-. 
Africa Centre. 38 King Su WC2. 


The case against a freeze by- 
peace through NATO: St 
James’s. Piccadilly, 6.30. 

Hackney: The making of a 
suburb, by Michael Hunter. The 
Camden Head. Camden Pas- 
sage. Nl. 8. 

Richard Long and land art. by- 
Pat Turner. Tate Gatterv. 

The opening of the Great 
Exhibition of 1851. by Geoffrey 
Opic. 11.30: American glass. by- 
Imogen Stewart. 1.15: Victoria 
Si Albert Museum. SW7. 

Mrs John Carill- Wore lev’s 
dressing room unlocked, by Mrs 
Lesley Edwards: The Whitworth 
Art Gallery. Whitewonh Park. 
Manchester. I. 

Anglo-Saxons and Vikings 
(for children), by Prof Richard 
Bailey: The Curtis Auditorium. 
Newcastle University. 5. 

Spring flower show and e\ 
hibitian: The Winter Garden. 
Eastbourne: today 2 to 9. tomor- 


London and SouA-nast Ml: One 



aaa dui.uiu iwuhiwh. 

The Mkfands: Ml: Two lane contraflow 

Nonn). southbound entry sup road dosed 
'1 junction 16. 

wales and Was t *32: One south- 
bouno fane dosed ai iimction 2. A38: Lone 
closures on bom carriageways between 
CnuaWMgn and Plymouth and at Ash- 
burton. A& Cowan Dee Bnoge. Ctywd. 
dosed between 9 pm and 7 am. temporary 
bgffls during the day. 

Tha North: MB: Contraflow between 
junction 31 (Preston) and junction 32 
l MSS): various lane closures bfltweeen 
function 32 and (unction 33. M63: 
Construction of new Carnneton Spur mu 
road has dosed junction 5 (05213) A8S8: 
Temponwy bgms and severe delays at 
peak penods on Harrogate Rd and Green 
Lane. Randan 

Scotland: Edinburgh: OC Pamland Rd 
dosed between Hdfend and FenflaraJ 
crossroads; diversions A972 Contraflow 
on Kmgsway West. Dundee, between 
invergowne bypass anbd Myrefctrk Rd. 
A9& Roundabout constructor! on Great 
Northern Rd. Aberdeen on North Ander- 
son Onw. new section new open 


Births: Sir Hans Sloan e. phy- 
sician. a President of the Royal 
Society and whose collection 
formed the basis of the British 
Museum. Killy leagh. Co Down. 
|rt*U: Sir John Franklin, ex- 
plorer. Spilsby. Lincolnshire. 
1734; Edward Frederick Wood. 
First Earl of Halifax. Viceroy of 
India 1925-31. Foreign Sec- 
retary 1 938-4tX Powderham 
C astle. Dei on. 1881; Sir 
Charles Chaplin. London 1 SS9. 

Deaths: Henry Fuseli, 
pamter. London. 1825: Marie 
Tuvraud. London. 1S50-. Saint 
Bernadette of Lourdes. Nevcrs. 
France, 1879; Battle or Cul- 
loden. 1746, 

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A depression near SW En- 
gland will drift slowly NE into 
. the Midlands. 

6 am to midnight 

Louden. EwtAngta, Mdtends, cwim 

N En^wxt Fog parches clearing men 

sunny ot clear utterwte and showers. 

some heawy end prolonged: wind S£ fcgnt 

or moderate: mas temp 10C (50F) 

SE England: Sunny or clear intervals 

avJ showers, some neavy and prolonged: 

wind SE- » awing SW tight or moderate: 
max temp IOC (Son. 

Central S, SW En^ond, Ctuuwer Is- 
lands, Wales: Sunny or ctear intervals and 
Stowers. some heavy ana prolonged: 

iwna NW Ughi increasing moderate or 
fresh: max temp 9C (48F)- 
E, NE England: fog patches clearing 

men Sunny or clear intervals and showers 

some heavy and protonaea; wind SB hght 

or moderate, max temp sc (46F). 

NW England. Lake Dtemct tale of Man. 
Borders. SW Scottaod. Glasgow: Misty at 
fust sunny Intervals and snowers, some 
heaw and prolonged-, moo E or NE light or 

moderate: max temp 8C (46 FL 

Edinburgh. Dundee, Aberdeen, Central 

Hteiland*. Moray Rnh, NE Scotland, 
Orfutte. Shetland: Cloudy. outbreaks ol 
ram. tiui snow on MW: wind NE trash or 
strong, locally gale force; max temp 6C 

Argyll, NW Scotland, Northern Ireland: 
Ckxdy. outbreaks of ram. out snow on 
nws. rump NE Irosn or strong, locafly gale 
force max temp BC (46F). 

„ Outlook tor tomorrow and Friday; 
Sunnv miervate end showers, some heavy 
and prolonged. Rather cold. 

Sun Rises; Sun Sett: 
6.CM am 738 pm 

Moon sets: Moon rises: 
3 00 am 9 AS am 

Firs* quarter tomorrow 

High Tides 

Lighting-ap time 

b-Mue sfcy: ot-Wup sky and ciond: <■ 
ctoudy. o-oiercasiL fjow d-drtzzle: h- 
hail. mw iwi; r raw. s-srow: ui- 
Ihundentorm: p-shower? 

Arrows Ukjw wind direction, wtnd 
spowl imphi a (Tied. Temperature 






London Bridge 






■ 6.11 






















10 42 










10 12 
























10 56 










4 18 








4 49 




Mrtsrd Haven 



It. 19 




10 15 

54 « 





2.9 - 



















4 10 








11. to 














Tide measured In metres: lm=&280f!fL 

London 8.28 pm to 5.32 am 
Bristol 848 pm to 5.41 am 
Edinburgh 831 pm to 533 am 
Manchester 8.41 pm to 5.36 am 
Penzance 8,47 pm to 5.56 am 

Around Britain 


Temperatures at midday yesterday: c. 
cloud: I, fax; r. ran; s. sun. 


BeHsst Sl 4 39 Guernsey C 5 41 
c 745 Inverness f 541 
r 54] Jersey c 948 

C 948 London c 846 

Card* r 643 M'nchstsr r 541 

EdW m rgfi r 438 Newcastle r 439 

Btesgow r 439 R-ridsway r 541 

Sun Ram 
bra si 

Seatwro - .06 

Bncffington . .13 

Cromer 0 2 .10 

Lowestoft x 

Clacton 36 .17 

Margate x .26 

Folkestone 5.4 .12 

Eastbourn e 

C F 

5 41 dull 
5 41 dud Dm 
9 48 cloudy 

10 50 haUpin 


The pound 

Australia S 
Austria Scft 
Betoum Fr 
Denmark Kr 
Finland Mkk 
France Fr 
Germany Dm 
Greece Or 
Hong Kong % 

Ireland Pi 
Italy Lira 
Japan Yen 
Nethertanda Gld 
Norway Kr 
South Africa Rd 
Spam Pta 

Sweden Kr 
Switzerland Fr 

Yugoslavia Dnr 

Rates lor small denomination bank nor bs 
only as supplied by Barclays Bank PLC. 

















































Books — hardback 

J Retail Price index: 381.1 

L nBra r »A d ' tor ! * selection of interesiing cooks published this week- 

{Wexlenfeid 6 Nrcolson. £B.9S) 
ir? y! S Fa roes. The 1936 Olympics, by Duff Han- Da vis (Century £12.95) 
A EHCUOnar y of Latin Tags and Phrases, by &]gene Ehr- 

PHnceiy Gardens. The origins and devetopmanf of the French formal stvln 
by Kenneth woodbndge (Thames & Hudson. £30) ^ ‘ 

“» pp - « "o- 

BwSKWUSR Aff" <*■* - by Joachim 

PrS'cSf"" 0 ™ Haani ' 750 - ,S " 4 ' ** 


London: The FT Index closed down 28.5 

3* * UJJ. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Debate on 
the American attack on Lib\a. 

Lords (2.30): Debates ' on 
Circndon Prison: the tourist 
industry: and on Size well. 


r«8*> Pnnfcri ov London Pmi .print 

PTM umnea at 1 Virginia Slr«4 
9XN. a£!| 

a? 1 iMff ® 3 wwsna, * r 




Tetgnmouth 4 9 .15 

Torauxy 4 B .06 

Jersey __ 

Oueniey 7.1 .15 


Scilty Istea 


4.9 .11 

5 2 .15 
4.1 .00 
6.6 07 

6.9 .09 
7.5 .09 
62 .06 

7.4 .12 
6.9 .09 
4 3 .18 

3.5 .11 
53 .11 
4 2 .10 

4.6 .12 

32 .SO 
4.0 .50 
55 .05 

13 .36 
2-3 .48 

9 48 
10 50 
10 50 

8 Jfl 

9 <9 
9 48 
9 48 

10 50 

11 52 
9 48 
9 48 

11 52 
10 SO 
10 50 

10 50 

11 52 
10 50 
10 SO 

10 50 

11 52 

12 54 

siw am 






any am 






bn am 


sny am 
sny am 


9 48 showers 
10 50 raw 

Sun Rain Max 
hrs bi C F 
Miaeonte - .54 10 50 
I*?* „ 1 1 .35 8 46 

ColwynBay 34 .09 10 50 

Morec am tMi - .10 9 48 

Douglas 0.5 .13 7 45 

tendon 4.2 .16 11 52 

B’ham Alfpt 12 .13 II 52 

Bristol (Ctrl) 22 .16 10 50 

CanOHfCtrf) 3.1' 21 9 48 

S355U.JJ :5 ’SIS 

Manchester 0.6 02 9 48 

N etting ! ia »n OS 06 8 45 

N-rt-n-Tyne - .05 5 47 

Cards* 0.3 .18 8 46 


Eahd at emulr - .33 5 41 

Pnwtwfck 02 08 7 45 

C*»»sOW - 21 B 43 

Th« - 20 B 46 

Stornoway 22 25 6 43 

Urn** 9 4 - 5 41 

Wk* - .02 5 41 

Kintess 1.1 .01 5 41 

Aberdeen - 20 4 39 

St Andrews x 

EdfaiBuigtt - ■ 7 45 

Betfast 1.1 21 9 48 



ssr pm 

ram pm 

shwr pm 
Shwr pm 
shwr pm 
Sftwr pm 

ram am 

snow am 
nun am 
snow pm 
ram pm 
sit am 


had pm 

Thasa are Monday's figures 


MIDDAY: c. ctaxt d. drozie: f . tax: fg. tog; r. rain: 0. suit: sn. enow: t. Jhunoer. 

aa s 

AJex’drta e 
Algiers f 
Anurdm c 

Bartuds* s 
Bercetau f 

sar* 1 

Bermuda" r 




B Am- } 
Cairo a 
Cape Tn f 
Ctuanes 0 
Ctscago’ r 
Oi'chreh" s 

C F 

14 57 Cologne 
20 eSCptaafp 
20 68 Cotta 

19 66 DufaHn 
11 52 Dubnmk 
1« 63 Fare 

13 88 Florence 
29 84 Frankfurt 

15 59 Funebaf 

- - Geneve 

11 52 Gtorottar 
13 54 Helsinki 

20 68 Hong K 
15 61 IrmtereK 

8 46 tstsitod 
13 55 JeddMt 
7 45 OatHco* 
11 52 KaractS 
17 63 L Palmas 
» 77 Lisbon 
81 70 Locarno 

C F 
a 13 65 

sl 1 34 

s 14 57 Maha 
r 5 41 MsBt’ma 
S 15 59 MextooC 
f 15 59 M tear 
r 10 SO IWan 
i 14 57 Montreal* 
f 17 63 Moscow 
f 18 54 Munich 
c 16 81 NahoW* 

C 24 75 nIEbM 
t <0 50 N York' 

S 12 54 Nica 
a 37 99 Oslo 
c 13 55 Parte 
s 30 68 Peking* 
c 19 88 Perth 
f 14 57 Praoue 
7 45 

C F 

S 16 61 

8 17 63 Satebum 
c 18 64 S PmAr 
* 23 T3 SP*rtscsr 

s 27 81 Seoul 
s 12 54 

c 2 36 Streab'is* 
S 13 55 Sydney 
I 23 73 TanSr 
t 15 SB Tel Aviv 
f 34 93 Tenertfe 
s 17 63 Tokyo 
r 13 55 Toronto* 
f 2 36 Tunis 
c 10 50 vatoitea 
f 15 59 iranchrer 
s 21 70 Venice 
I 14 57 VNmna 
c -3 27 Warsaw 

C F 
c 14 57 
s 14 57 
c 29 84 
1 15 59 
s 23 73 
s 16 61 
I 32 90 
c 2 38 
e 10 50 
S 23 73 
t 15 59 

8 21 70 
« 19 66 
r 13 » 
B 12 54 
s 21 70 
c 18 64 

J tt si 

S 13 55 

9 8 4S 

16 St Uoambn e 10 50 Riwdte 1 IB fie gT.'hw 1 

s R SJIf a ai Mo ? s saar i s-S 

denotes Monday 5 figures are latest avaeatjfe 

' — ji?- ’■-'•*» » : T**.V y - -*'*.-* ~ 

j »1 . 







■ r- 


FT 30 Share 
1370.8 (-28.5) 

FT-SE 100 

USM (Data stream) 
118.13 (-0.63) 


US Dollar 
.1.4800. (-tOj 0006) 
W Gentian mark 
3.4255 (+0.0066) ; 


76.2. (tO.2) 

crisis wipes £4.7bn 
of UK shares 

Cash offer 
for Pegler 

FH TonTkihs. ihe industrial 
bolding ' company bidding 
r» £17 “ million for Pegler- 
. f-Hanersley. has added a cash 
alternative worth S29.3p per 
, ■ share to its previous all-paper 

The cash offer comes a day 
= after Pegler-Hartersley’s board 
said ,the< Tomkins bid" was 
"based pn over-valued paper. 
“Pegler.' a manufacturer of 
industrial valves, has called 
1 the bid' unwelcome and unso- 
• liched. ' 1 

- Despite the faflin the stock 
market. Tomkins's cash alter- 
native was successfully under- 
written yesterday. - 

V SE concession 

The Stock Exchange bas 
agreed to open for trading half 
an hour earlier, at 9 am, from 
April 28 in response to pres- 
sure from international trad- 
ers. particularly gilt-edged 
futures traders on the London 
; International. Financial Fu- 
tures Exchange. 

Woodrow up 

Taylor Woodrow lifted pre- 
tax profits from £44.2 million 
to £53.6 miltionToriheyeario 
December 31. Turnover rose 
to £812 million. The dividend 
for the year, is up from 1 5p to 
f 7.25p. Tempos, page 23 

.Glaxo surge 

Glaxo, the pharmaceuticals 
company, lifted profits from 
£195 million to £260 million 
before tax in the six months la 
December 31. Turnover rose 
from £592 million to £686 
million. The interim dividend 
is 4p^ . Ta mm s, page 23 

Bo water Industries.- the ^ pa- 

saw profits fall 1rom £35J 
million to £314 milion before 
tax in the year to December 
31. Turnover rose from £1.27 
billion to £1.29 billion. The 
final dividend is 5-5p. 

Tempos, page 23 

'BT contract 

STC has been awarded a 
contract to provide British 
Telecom with ^multiplexers” 
which will allow voice and 
data transmitted over, a 
telephone line simultaneous- 
ly. The contract is initially 
worth under £ I million. 

Talks denied 

Good Relations says it is 
not in talks with any third 
parties. The public relations 
company was replying to a 
request from the Stock Ex- 
change . following weekend 
press comment. 

* Deal cleared 

The Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry has decid- 
ed not to refer to the Monopo- 
lies Commission an 
arrange mem between North- 
ern Foods. Dairy Crest Foods 
and Unigate to acquire some 
oTcach other's assets. 

Spong offer 

Spong has declared its offer 
for Rowland Gaunt uncondi- 
tional after receiving accep- 
tances for 82 per cent of Gaunt 
shares. The offer remains 

An estimated £4.7 billion 
was. wiped off the value of 
British Slock Exchange, com- 
panies yesterday as-the impact 
oi the Libyan crisis spread 
waves of uncenaihry through 
tne stock market 

Both the FT 30 index and 
the broad er-hased" FT-SE I0O 
mdex fell by more than 28 
points while the chaos in- 
duced by the Libyan situation 
was felt in all sectors" of the 

Brokers reported heavy 
profit taking precipitated by 
the uncertainty overhanging 
the market Mr Kenneth Levy, 
ofCapel Cure Myers, said: 
“The natural gut reaction is to 
take profits more rapidly than 
one would otherwise do and 
not to go into the maikei if 
one was at . all hesitating 
whether to do so.” 

Other factors affecting share 
prices yesterday were the £406 
million Saatchi & Saatchi 
rights issue and worries that 
there were more rights is sues 
to come to finance the wave of 
takeover ■ activity, thereby 
soaking up institutional 

There was also the feeling 
that favourable economic fac- 
tors such as low energy costs 
and the expected fall in inter- 
est rates would be adversely 

In contrast. Wall Street 
showed more resilience. The 

By Lawrence Lever and Richard Lander 

Dow Jones industrial average 
index recouped an initial drop 
in prices caused by profit- 
taking from worried-Briiish 
' institutions. 

Dealers said that the 
“Rambo mentality'* qf Ameri- 
can investors made them 
more optimistic about the 
Libyan situation. The feeling 
was that President Reagan had 
finally given investors what 
they wanted. 

On the international money 
markets, the US raid brought a 
swift bnt short-lived Blip to 
both the dollar- and gold. 

The dollar rose sharply on 
the thin Far Eastern foreign 
exchanges after the first news 

of the strike, gaining almost 
four pfennigs to touch 
"DM2.3460 at one stage and 
rising to 1.9560 Swiss francs 
from 1.9310 at the close of 
business in New York. Some 
further dollar buying was seen 
when markets opened in Eu- 
rope but soon evaporated as 
traders took stock of the 

The announcement of a 0.5 
per cent drop in US March 
industrial output during the 
afternoon also hurt the dollar. 
By the end of a busy day in 
London it had fallen back to 
DM2.3120 and 1.9352 Swiss 

Sterling, by contrast, stood 

firm against the dollar and 
spent most of the day trading 
around SI .48. closing 0.3 cents 
weaker than last night at 
Si. 4787. The weakness of the 
continental currencies helped 
the pound rise to DM3.4550 at 
one stage but it later slipped 
back to 3.4250 

The pound's trade-weighted 
index shed 0.2 on the dav to 

On the bullion market, gold 
mirrored the dollar's early- 
advance by adding about S3 to 
S545 an ounce, but interest 
soon evaporated. 

By the end of business gold 
was quoted at about S542.50, 
just Si up 

Opec studies new output quotas 

A new system of o3 oatpot 
quotas linked closely to sea- 
sonal demand patterns is now 
trader dhensskra by the 13 
members of the Organfeatioc 
of Petroteom Exporting Coun- 

Indications emerged yester- 
day that even if tike new quotas 
were agreed on daring the 
meeting hare, they would not 
come into fines antfl late Jane 
or July and this would do little 
to force ap. world oD prices; oil 
traders monitoring the meet- 
ing said. . 

Opec takes the view that the 
o3 market has afready taken 

From David Young, Geneva 
prices down to a level which 
can be snstained until the 
summer when consuming na- 
tions plan autumn and winter 

By delaying the adoption of 
new oatpot levels antfl then, 
the current demand for the oil 
weapon to be ased against the 
US will have been dealt with 
and individual beads of state 
can approve the new quotas. 

Sovereign control over out- 
put levels b as consistently 
been a s tumbling block 

Any variation on the Opec 
production agreement will de- 
pend on the attitude taken by 

Saadi Arabia which in the past 
cat back its production when 
demand feiL 

The new system will depend 
on each country accepting a 
higher and lower level of 
output so demand can be 
matched more accurately to 
the revenue demands of the 
producing countries. 

The new system will also 
involve the five oon-Opec 
countries who attended the 
carfel's last meeting — Mexi- 
co, Egypt, Malaysia, Angola 
and Oman — accepting a cut ta 
their total combined daily 
output of 500,000 barrels. 

Guinness heads for victory 
in battle for Distillers 

Guinness was 
heading for victory in the 
bitter four-and-a-half-month- 
old battle for control of Distill- 
ers. the Scotch whisky group. 

■With just three days left 
before the epic £2.7 billion 
takeover fight comes to a 
close. Guinness bas built up a 
commanding lead over its 
rival. Mr James ■ Gulliver’s 
Argyll supermarkets group. 

Guinness now controls 31.8 
per cent of Distillers shares. 
This figure includes accep- 
tances. to date, of its offer. 

16-77; per cent, and shares 

owned by those fiiendty to its 
Jjgusfc- ^; ■ *: 

The corresponding- figure 
for Argyll is’ only 17.33 per 
cent, which includes actual 
acceptances oHts offer of 2.87 

By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 

last night per cent Argyll conceded any losses they might suffer on 
yesterday that its acceptance the transactions, 
level from Distillers share- 
holders was still low. 

The Guinness camp took 
advantage of the fall in share 
prices yesterday to buy a 
further 3per cent of Distillers 
shares bringing its total hold- 
ing to . 14.99 per cent — the 
maximum allowed under 
takeover rules. "The £75 mil- 
lion share buying was under- 
taken- by Cazenove. 

. Guinness's stockbroking firm, 
on behalf of two banks which 
support Guinness. Moigan 
Grenfell Guinness's mer- 
chant bank, has indemnified 
these and other banks which 
have bought Distillers shares 
on behalf of Guinness, against 

A spokesman for Argy ll said 
the company was not discour- 
aged by the Guinness lead. 
“We always expected a major- 
ity of small shareholders to 
accept the recommended 
Guinness bid but the key 
institutional shareholders 
have yet to decide." 

The Argyll share price fell 
sharply yesterday, dosing 20p 
lower at 348p. The margin in 
favour of the Guinness bid 
increased: Argyll's offer is now 
worth 71 6p for each Distillers 
share, quoted last night at 
695p, which is 39p a share 
below the Guinness bid. 

Argyll yesterday extended 
its offer until Friday. 

Lloyds bid 
valued at 
over £1 bn 


Lloyds Bank, the smallest of 
the big four clearing banks,' 
yesterday announced the 
terms of its bid for Standard 
Chartered Bank which, if suc- 
cessful. would create the larg- 
est bank in asset terms in 
Britain and one of the widest 
geographical exposures of any. 
bank in the world. 

Standard Chartered imme- 
diately responded with out- 
right 'rejection of the offer 
The bid values Standard 
shares at 750p each and 
Standard’s total issued share 
capital at £1.16 billion. 

Lloyds is offering J6 new 
convertible preference shares 
of its own worth £1 each 
together with £14 in cash for 
every four of Standard's 
shares. But it indudes an 
alternative of 16. preference 
shares, one new ordianry 
share of £1 and £8 in cash for 
every four Standard shares. 
The alternative values Stan- 
dard shares at 747p each. 

The offer falls well short of 
Standard’s current share price 
of 854p. down 20p yesterday. 
Uovds shares dropped 8p to 

market summary 



New YoA 
Dow Jonas 

Nikkei DOW 15&233 (-44.43) 


Sydney: AO H9&4 (-3-7) 

S&* »»»■«> 

Genera??. 5l5 mntr^9) 

Paris; CAC 378-0 (+7-9) 

stS&merai 524.7 (same) 



£ SI ,4800 
£: DM3.4255 
L SwFr2^631 
£.- FFr109036 
£. Yen264.G3 
t. lndex.76.2 

£ $1-4800 
S. DM2.3145 
$; Index: 119-2 

ECU £0627379 
SDR £0769093 


l j f n t k yti 

Bank Base 'if* 

^3-monlh interaanfc 10V1Q* ■* 
3-montftekgrple b*fcl0-9 
Bywng rate 

US: ■*'•' 

Prune Rate 9% 

Federal Funds 7% 

Brits 5.82-5.80% 


qS? 1062B J+10p; 

Taylor Woodrow 58ip (+I0p 

Simon Eng .. 


London Park Hotel 504p +10p, 
BerSord Gwp I40p (+28p 

Mercantile House — ^ +2S; 

KeroSm Repro — • «»P (+35p) 

Distillers . — 
Grand Met — 
grit Aero — 





Ban- Wallace 


Etam — 

Woohuortn . 

403p (-17pj 
_ 527p(-21p) 

- 80«>{-25K 
... 341p(-10p) 

- 118pM7p 

- aia> H3p 

985p -45p| 




London Fixing: 


230-75 > 

DoT investigation at 
Henry Ansbacher 

J By Oar Banking Correspondent 

The Department of Trade 
and Industry confirmed yes- 
terday that it was conducting 
an investigation ' into Henry 
Ansbacher, the merchant 
bank, covering the period 
when it was headed by Lord 
Williams, now a leading eco- 
nomic adviser to the Labour 

Lord Williams left the bank 
last year." with a golden hand- 
shake of about £100.000, after 
Ansbacher .plunged £3i mil- 
lion into -loss after making a 
small profit the year before. 

He now advises Mr Roy 
Haitersley; Labour's deputy 
leader, and is also a financial 
adviser to the publisher. Mr 
Robert Maxwell 

The DTI investigation fo- 
cuses on the purchase of the 
broking firm, Laidlaw & Peck, 

in 1984 for $15 million. 
Within months big losses 
emerged at the firm which was 
sold back to its management 
early last year at a cost of £1 3 
million in write-offs to 

Last year the new manage- 
ment of Ansbacher reported to 
shareholders that an interim 
dividend payment of £500.000 
in 1984 should not have been 
paid because the company 
could not afford it. 

■ The report said that the 
bank's management at the 
time had not given an accurate 
picture to shareholders of the 
company's financial position. 

Ansbacher was rescued 
from collapse by Pargesa, the 
Belgian banking group, and 
Mr Richard Fenhalls took 
over as managing director. 

Savoy profits up 32% 

By Oar. 1 City Staff 

The influx of American L51.8 million to almost £60 


Spending on repairs and 
maintenance increased to £4.9 
million and a further £9 
million went on several 
projects, including the remod- 
elling of the whole of the 
Savoy kitchens and The River 
Room, and a revamp of the 
Berkeley dining room. 

The widely traded but low- 
voting ~A~ shares closed un- 
changed at 396p. 

tourists into London early last 
year helped profits at the 
Savoy Hotel group to rise by 
32 percent to £10.7 million in 

Mr Giles Shepard, manag- 
ing director, said occupancy, 
rates were above 90 per cent at 
the Connaught and better than 
80 per cent at the Savoy, the 
Berkeley and Claridge’s. Gross 
receipts moved ' ahead from 

Desmond Pitcher: returns ' 
still “unsatisfactory" 

profit up 
by £11.7m 

By Richard Lander 

The Littlewoods Organis- 
ation. Britain's largest private 
company, lifted pretax profits 
from £54.5 million to £66.2 
million last year with the 
group's troubled chain store 
network showing signs of be- 
ginning to turn the comer after 
several stagnant years. 

A refurbishment pro- 
gramme, coupled with a ratio- 
nalization of lines, helped the 
chain store side increase prof- 
its from £7.2 million to £12.6 
million with sales rising by 
£18 million to £481 million. 

However, Mr Desmond 
Pitcher, the chief executive, 
de sen bed the return on sales 
as still “most unsatisfactory” 
and said he wanted the current 
2,6 per cent level raised to 
“something approaching 10 
per cent”. 

By comparision. British 
Home Stores, which 
Littlewoods regards as its 
main rival in the high street, 
recorded an 8.9 percent return 
on sales in its last annual 

Apart from the store over- 
haul programme, which costs 
around £500.000 a shop and 
has so far covered 77 of the 
group's 108 stores. 
Littlewoods is also expanding 
on the high street with its new 
Inside Story chain of house- 
hold furnishing shops. The 
first store opened its doors in 
York last month and another 
nine are scheduled to start 
business in 1986. The compa- 
ny has also opened its first 
catalogue shop, similar to 
those pioneered by Argos. 

The mail order division, 
which increased profits from 
£36.7 million to £41.2 million, 
is also diversifying with two 
new speciality catalogues. 

Cunard to manage luxury 
hotels in American cities 

The Canard Line has made 
a significant deal in the US' 
market, with the first in a 
planned series of hotel man- 
agement cot tra cts which will 
allow it to bunch a lexory 
travel service designed to 
bring, British travellers to the 
eastern states. 

Mr Eric Parker, chief exec- 
utive of Trafalgar House 
Group, parent company of 
Cunard, said yesterday that 

the company had signed a 
long-term contract to manage 
the famous 238-room Water- 
gate Hotel in Washington 

Similar contracts are trader 
negotiation for luxury hotels in 
New York, Boston and Flori- 
da, all cities served by Canard 

The expansion into, the 

From Bailey Morris, Washington 

manage ment of luxury llOtdS 

will allow Cunard to broaden 
Sts travel packaging services, 
■tit tying links to British Air- 
ways, the QE2 and other 
Cunard ships to provide spe- 
cial travcl/hotels/tonr pro- 
grammes designed for 
transatlantic travellers and 
erniseship passengers. Britain 
and West Germany are the 
target markets. 

Mr Parker said that before 

and Canard Paradise Beach 
Hotel in Barbados. 

Canard plans a large reno- 
vation of the Watergate Hotel, 
which it plans to torn into a 
five-star facility. 

At that time the Watergate, 
which has numerous suites 
with views of the Patomac 
River, will not only be at the 
top end of the worid’s luxury 
hotels. It will also be a bargain 
the signing or the Watergate « “ m P «n*» to similar ac- 
contraCL Canard neither 

owned nor operated hotels in on tiie Continent, officials 

the lucrative US market The 
company owns and manages 
luxury hotels in other parts of 
the world, however, including 
tire Ritz and Stafford hotels in 
London, Cunard Hotel La Toe 
and La Toe suites in & Lada 


Mr Parker said that in 
launching its hotel manage- 
ment operations in the US. the 
company is seeking a few 
special hotels which will com- 
plement its other operations. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Lloyds persists with a 
sub-Standard offer 

After the anticipation built up 
during last week's phoney war be- 
tween Lloyds and Standard Char- 
tered. the bid. when it finally came 
yesterday, looked rather disappoint- 
ing. Lloyds had hung back for a full 
week, saying that it was wailing for 
the publication of Standard's official 
reports and accounts, while 
Standard's share price rose and the 
market began to assume that Lloyds 
must be concocting a more tempting 
offer than its original suggestion. 
Lloyds was not Yesterday's bid is 
exactly what the bank had always said 
it would be: 750p per share split 
roughly equally between cash and 
convertible preference shares. 

Standard's shares prompiy fell 20p 
to 854p — though, to be fair, the 
whole sector weakened along with the 
rest of the market yesterday. That stiff 
leaves Standard's price more than a 
pound above Lloyds's offer which 
partly accounts for the market's lack 
of enthusiasm over the bid. The other 
reason was that both the offer and the 
alternative include such a high 
proportion of convertible preference 
shares: 16 for ever four standard 
shares in each case, to be precise. 

Lloyds is. after all. asking investors 
to swallow a big idea. This would, if 
successful, be the biggest takeover in 
British banking history creating the 
largest UK bank in asset terms with 
assets of w ell over £70 billion. Nor is 
it an obvious move. Of all the 
potential suitors for Standard. Lloyds 
had never been mentioned until it 
presented the idea ten days ago. 

Lloyds argues that Standard would 
bring it a group of domestic banking 
operations across the world which 
Lloyds itself cannot enter because of 
restrictions in many countries. The 
combined bank would be able to offer 
unrivalled trade fianance and foreign 
exchange sendees, it claims. It would 
also be able to make valuable lax 
savings on its UK earnings as a result 
of the takeover and achieve econo- 
mies of scale by rationalising sys- 
tems. premises and overheads. 

Michael McWilliams, chief general 
manager of Standard, predictably 
tags the commercial logic argument 
as being “facile". “Lloyds has not got 
the remotest idea of how to develop 
overseas businesses," he insists and 
accuses his adversaries of being 
arrogant domestic UK bankers who 
think they know how to do 

The situation looks curious. On the 
face of it. Standard has more to gain 
from a link with Lloyds — above all a 
profitable UK retail operation which 
it desperately needs. Lloyds, how- 
ever, is planning to take on an ” old- 
fashioned" international bank with 
an undistinguished earnings record 
and an embarrassingly large exposure 
to South Africa. 

Quite clearly, both sides have a lot 
of explaining to do to shareholders 
and the stockmarket in general, both 
to clarify their plans and to justify 
their attitudes in the current situa- 

tion. In the meantime the market 
remains confident that another bid- 
der will soon appear and that Lloyds 
will have to raise its offer. The Bank 
of England seems prepared to allow at 
least a two cornered fight between 
Standard and Lloyds, and possibly a 
three cornered fight if another contes- 
tant came in 

Berrill makes sense 

The report of Sir Kenneth Benin's 
working party into the corporate 
structure at Lloyd's is remarkably 
uncon troversial. in sharp contrast 
with the formation of the working 
party last September. The former 
chief executive of Lloyd's, Ian Hay 
Davison, resigned because he saw it 
as a threat to his independent 
position. No sooner had he resigned 
than Lloyd's announced that the 
terms ot reference of the chief 
executive would not be changed. 

The working party still had plenty 
with which to occupy itself. Although 
Mr Davison, in his action-packed 
three years at Lloyd's, made great 
strides in establishing a new regu- 
latory framework and bringing past 
offenders to book, he made less 
progress in improving the admin- 
istration. One of the main reasons for 
Sir Kenneth’s working party was the 
embarrassing £22 million accounting 
error discovered in Lloyd’s accounts 
last year. The administration was 
clearly not functioning as it should. 

The Berrill report recommends a 
streamlining exercise to reduce the 
number of lines of communication to 
the chief executive and to stop trivial 
matters going to the top. The 
reduction in the number of commit- 
tees and delegation of work to senior 
staff will, however, mean more staff 
and higher gradings: a sure call for 
more grumbling among the mem- 
bers. The recommendations, which 
have in the main been accepted by 
the Council of Lloyd’s, would free the 
chairman, the two elected deputy 
chairmen and committee of Lloyd's 
from some of their present workload, 
and should cut out duplication. 

The report makes excellent sense, 
as far as it goes. It does not have any 
remedies for potential clashes be- 
tween an executive chairman and 
chief executive, as happened when 
Mr Davison was endeavouring to 
steer the ship. His successor. Alan 
Lord, is happy to operate alongside a 
chairman, whose more ambas- 
sadorial role will leave the day to day 
administration to the chief executive. 
That is the essential nature of the 

Sir Patrick Neill's present inquiry 
into regulatory arrangements at 
Lloyd's will doubtless take into 
account the changes proposed by Sir 
Kenneth’s working party. Sir 
Patrick's brief is wide and if he did 
not feel enough had been done he 
would, presumably, not hesitate to 
recommend that Lloyd's be brought 
under the authority of a higher body. 
For such is the mood of the moment 









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Taylor Woodrow pins Stores badly hit in share fallout 

n /X- v * 1 J • The American attack on Distillers weakened 27p to ai533p were among other results. Dealers are expecting Telecom n 46p 

IIIJI ItTS I 111 Pl/nlllTlAtl Libya sen! share prices sliding 693p as investors sold slock in internationals to retreat 9p to little change in profits, of Bntisn leiecu... - 

AX V V./X vJ. leA \^XX sharply with the _FT 30-share the market unwilling to wait 1 5p while Imperial Group lost around £152 million. Against |‘ j u ii textiles. Caurl 

In announcing pretax profits' 
of £53.6 million for the year 
to Etecember 1985. Tavlor 
Woodrow is celebrating' 25 
yews^of unbroken profits 
growth. The dividend was 
bumped up by 15 percent on 
top or a 22 per cent increase 
last year. 

The shares are now on a 
gross yield or 4.2 per cent 
compared with the market 
yield of 3.7 per cent. 

These are the bare statistics 
reflecting not only a distin- 
guished past but also signal- 
ling a promising future. Both 
the irreplaceable Lord Taylor 
and new chairman, Frank 
Gibb, are acutely aware that’ 
TW has to evolve if it is. to re- 
main profitable and, in an age 
of takeovers, independent. 

Thus the contracting divi- 
sion. which accounts for 35 
per cent of. profit, is now 
regarded as a steady contribu- 
tor rather than a growth area. 
Profits are likely to fluctuate 
around the: current level de- 
pending on the status of 
major contracts. In fiiture. 
the divisions which are likely 
to grow fastest are bouse 
building and property. . 

Housing had an excellent 
year in 1985. when 1.500 
houses were built and sold. 
Pretax profit rose by 17 per 
cent from £12 million to £14 

The company's land bank 
is geographically well spread 
with many prime sites, and it 
expects house completions 
and profits in 1986 to show 
some increase on 1985. 
helped by falling interest and 
mortgage rates. 

The group has a £309 
million property portfolio 
which is revalued every year. 
In 1985 alone, it increased by 
£46 million of which £38 
million was a gain on 

As a reflection of the degree 
of importance this segment of 
the group's activities has 
achieved, gains on sales of 
investment properties are no 
longer treated as extraordi- 
nary profits but are included 
above the line. In 1985. 
pretax profit from property 
was £16.3 million of which 
£3.7 million were gains on 

Clearly, the size of such 
gains depends on what is sold 
and this item can be expected 
to fluctuate widely. 

In 1985 £7.9 million, or 
nearly 15 per cent of Tavlor 
Woodrow’s preta» profit, was 
earned in the Middle-East- In , 
1984. it was 22 per. cent, The • 
fail in the oil prire will-mean 
that business generated in 
these areas win decline 

The group is confident that 
the benefits to non-oil econo- 
mics will outweigh the loss of 

buying power in the Middle 
East and that it will-gain 
business elsewhere' to 

. The share price of 58 Ip 
implies a prospective earn- 
ings multiple of around 1 1 
times assuming an earnings 
increase next year similar to 
this year's. . This is not a 
demanding rating for a com- 
pany with the track record of 
Taylor Woodrow and the 
shares look like a sound 
investment, when compared 

with a frothy market 


Bo water Industries’ results for 
1985, announced yesterday, 
were , so disappointing that 

some market men were driven 
to question the logic of the 
demerger From Bowater Incor- 
porated, effected in 1984. 

Though Bowater Industries 
has been able to reduce its 
dependence on the bulk paper 
and pulp markets to just ! 5 
per cent of sales, and it has 
made a number of acquisi- 
tions, there is little to show for 
the change, so far. . 

The company did its best to 
counter the disappointment 
with an increased final divi- 
dend of 5.5p, up from 5p. This 
was no doubt intended to 
buoy the share price, a particu- 
lar concern with Hanson Trust 
sitting on an 11.7 per cent 
stake. It was not enough 
however to take, attention 
away from the profits fall from 
£35.7 million to £314 million 
before tax. 

The company said last 
year's profits would have been 
£5.2 million higher but for 
exchange rate movements. 

The result was also hit by 
problems at two American 
companies. Cam vac, the spe- 
cialized packaging business, 
which lost .more than £4 
million, and a new freight 
forwarding operation which 
lost £700.000. 

Below the line there was a 
£11.9 million extraordinary 
charge and shareholders' 
funds were also dented by an . 
£8.5 million write-off of good- 
will and the effect of exchange 
rate movements which cost a- 
further £15 million: - 

Last year Bowater spem £24 
million on acquisitions but 
their contribution, net of the 
effect of disposals, was less 
than £1 million before financ- 
ing costs. While Bowater .In- 
dustries Still has to J>roye 
iiself. it should be given mofe . 
time. At 303p the shares yield ; 
ah above averagd^.ipaftent . 
and takeover speculation fs in 
the price for nothing. 

Glaxo Holdings 

Interim results from Glaxo 
Holdings yesterday quite 
properly brought attention 

back to its excellent trading 
record from the political row 
about taxing American De- 
positary Receipts. 

Its shares have suffered in 
recent weeks from fears about 
the effect of the proposed tax. 
but yesterday that worry was 
forgo Lien - and the shares 
gained 20p to £10.60. 

Reported profits rose by 34 
.per cent to £259.8 million, 
but the increase would have 
been as much as 50 per cent if 
not for exchange rate move- 
ments. And that rise was 
achieved despite a £12 mil- 
lion charge above the line 
representing the costs of re- 
calling Farley’s goods after 
the salmonella scare. 

Group sales rose by 15.8 
per cent to £685.5 million, 
but again the increase would 
have been higher if not for the 
vagaries of currencies. The 
underlying increase in turn- 
over was 30 percent. With no 
price increases to speak of the 
increase reflects volume 
gains. . . 

The biggest sales increase 
was in the United States, 
where turnover rose by 80 per 
cent to S286 million (£194 

Fears that demand for 
Zantac would soon start to 
slow now look premature, in 
the first half sales rose by 34 
per cent, but it looks as if 
other product areas are now 
growing as quickly. As a 
result Zantac is unlikely to 
increase in importance to the 
group . but that still leaves it 
accounting for 45 per cent of 
group sales. 

One side effect of Zantac’s 
success is a huge cash pile, 
now nudging £400 million. 
While other companies might 
be tempted to use such funds 
for * diversification. Glaxo 
only plans to make acquisi- 
tions which would boost its 
existing business. 

So the cash pile is likely to 
continue growing, which 
presents something of a long- 
term problem as the return 
on cash holdings is far less 
than Glaxo extracts from its 
trading assets. 

This docs not, however, 
explain the anomaly of 
Glaxo's rating. Assuming 
profits /each £520 million 
this year they arc trading on 
22.5 times earnings. But 
Wellcome., the latest arrival 
on the pharmaceuticals pitch, 
is trading on 28 times pro- 
spective earnings. 

Either Glaxo is cheap or 
Wellcome expensive. Either 
way. hang on to Glaxo. 

The American attack on 
Libya sent share prices sliding 
sharply with the FT 30-share 
index tumbling 28.5 points. It 
closed at 1370.8 with nearly 
£5 billion written off share 
values. The FT-SE 100 index 
dosed at 1,654.8. down 28.3. 

All sectors suffered heavily 
but perhaps the worst-hit was 
stores, additionally upset by 
the Government's defeat on 
the Sunday shops opening 

Gas A reflected the trend at 
985p down 45p while Harris 
Qoeensway dipped 16p to 
268p and "Woolworth lOp to 
S60p. unimpressed with the 
Woolco stores sale to Dee 

Etam lost I Op to 256p in 
front of today's results. 

Among leading industrials 

Distillers weakened 27p to 
693 p as investors sold slock in 
the market unwilling to wait 
for Friday's outcome of the 
battle between Guinness I Op 
down at 34 3p and Argyll 
Group down 23p to 24 5p. 

Grand Met at 403p. BTR 
at458p. ICI at 922p and P&O 


Abbott M V (IBOp) 
Ashley (L) (I35p) 

BPP (100p) 
Broof u n ou ffi fiSOpl 
Chancety Secs (63p) 

Corn 9% A 2000 
Crenswie* M (95p) 
Oiatora (I28p) 
Ferguson (J) (top) 
GokJ Gm Trot (165p| 
Granyta Surface (56p) 
Inoco (55p) 

JS Pathology (iGOp) 
Jarvis Porter (105p) 

200 -5 
195 t-3 

88 -3 
38 -1 
285 +2 
141 -2 

Luxemburg ready 
to make 
tax concessions 

By Michael Prest, Financial Correspondent 

The Luxemburg Govern- aspects. I can say with great 
mem is expected to herald a certainty that something will 
drive to enhance the Grand happen." 

Duchy's attractiveness as a Mr Jacques Poos, Luxem- 
fi nan rial centre tomorrow by burg's deputy prime minister 
proposing lax concessions to and treasury minister, con- 
banks and their foreign firmed that changes are immi- 
clienis. neni. He said: "The 

The concessions, which are Government has the ambition 
pan of a wide ranging review i Q reduce to some extent the 
of the country's fiscal system, rate of taxation of corporate 
are likely to include increasing profits." 
the types of assets against He promised that the Gov- 
whkh banks can make provi- eminent will take the opportu- 
sions and thereby reduce their nity of tomorrow's debate in 
tax liability, negotiating new the Chamber of [Deputies on 
and additional double tax- the political state of the nation 
ation treaties, and abolishing to put forward plans for tax 
the “tax d'abonnement”. . cuts which should take effect 
The latter is a tax on assets from the beginning of next 
levied at the rate of 0.36 per year, 
cent of the eligible assets a But he warned that the 
year. Government will not allow 

At a press conference yester- Luxemburg to become a "fis- 
day. Dr Ekkehard Slorck from cal paradise". Political consid- 
Deutsche Bank described the erations prevent the 
lax as the main stumbling Government from relieving 
block to strengthening banks of all taxes. But bankers 
Luxemburg's capacity to issue and politicians alike are 
new instruments such as pledged to preserve banking 
Euronotes and Euro-commer- secrecy'- which is protected by- 
rial paper and called on the law and includes the complete 
Government to abolish it anonymity of numbered 
AH these points have been accounts, 
raised by the Luxemburg Luxemburg's renewed inter- 
Bankers* Association in dis- est in attracting private client 
cussions with the Govern- investments and developing 
menl over recent months. new business areas has been 
The association is keen to stimulated by a perceived 
attract , more private, client weakening of banking secrecy 
business and to develop Lux- in Switzerland, a sharp decline 
emburg as a centre for fond in the syndicated loans which- 
management. ' were so important to the 

Yesterday Mr Remy Krem- Grand Duchy for 20 years, 
er, president of the assoria- and worries that the world- 
tion. declined to detail the wide liberalization of financial 
likely proposals. But he said: business — particularly in 
“We and the Government are Germany — could threaten 
aware of situations which Luxemburg’s position as a 
might handicap Luxemburg, relatively unencumbered fi- 
Among these are the tax nanrial centre. 

a;533p were among other 
internationals to retreat 9p to 
I rip while Imperial Group lost 
another ISp to 327p on the 
outcome of the offer from 
Hanson w hich was I Op down 
at I67p. 

Hawker Siddeley slipped 6p 
to 543p ahead of today's 


KleartoM pl8p) 

L66 M (ieopi 
LETrCDn 1115D) 
Macro 4 (i05p) 
Menvaie M (H5pl 
Norank Sys (90pi 
Reauy Useful |330pj 
SAC inn nOOp) 

SPP (i2Sp) 
Templeton (2l5p) 
Stginex (101?) 
SncwCCn & B (S7p) 
Spice (BOpJ 
Tern Comp (I30pl 
Unserwooes (1B0p) 


• LONRHCh The company's 
proper! > subsidiaries have sold 
3 porifotio of commercial, 
industrial and residential prop- 
cry for £53 million cash, which 
is in excess of book value, to 
Samuel Properties. The pro- 
ceeds will be used to invest in 
higher-viclding business. 

recommended offer has been 
made to the shareholders ol 
Hall's Barton Ropery Co. Ir- 
revocable undertakings to ac- 
cept have been received from 
holders of 46.76 per cent. 

TRL'ST: The company pro- 
poses to raise approximately 
£703.560 before expenses by a 
rights issue of 2.004.600 A 
ordinary shares at 35p. The 
terms are two A ordinary shares 
for every five ordinary shares 
held. The" directors have decided 
not to incur the addtionai cost of 
having the issue underwritten. 

Application lists open at 10 am 
on April 21 for an offer for sale 
by the Investment Bank ol 
Ireland of 5 million ordinary- 
shares of 25p each at 1 1 5p a 
share. The directors forecast 
pretax profit of £1.8 million for 
the year ending April 30. The 
company intends to pay divi- 
dends totalling 3.7Sp per share 
in respect of the year ending 
April 30. 1987. Dealings are 
expected on April 28. 

final dividend of I.l3p. making 
!.63p 1 1 _48p) for the year, is 
pavabic for 1985. With figures in 
£000. sales were 24.740(22.049). 
pretax profits 1.171 (1.402) and 
tax 740 (636). Earnings per share 
were 3. Ip (2.7p). 

GROUP: A dividend of 1.5p 
(Ip) is payable for 1985. With 
figures in £000. turnover was 
117.214 (88.927). profit on or- 
dinary actives before, tax 3.810 
(2.21 1 J. profit attributable 1 .6 1 7 
(788). Earnings per share are 
3.40p <2.24pj. This year has 
been characterized by a price 
war between several of the big 
lour operators which has signifi- 
cantly; reversed recent booking 

More company news 
on page 26 

results. Dealers are expecting 
little change in profits of 
around £152 million. Against 
ihe irend Glaxo rose 20p io 
I060p after a near 35 per cent 
earnings expansion taking 
Beecham up 5p to 40ip in 

"Mercury's competition 

Welcome (i20p) 

W York Hosp (90p) 
WiCKes (140p) 


Bensons Cnsps N /P 
Cullens F/P 
Greycoat N/P 
Hartwells N/P 
NMW Comp F/P 
Snare Drug N/P 
Turner & NewaD N/P 
Wares F/P 

(Issue price in brackets). 

worries continue to upset 
British Telecom at 246p down 

6P in dull textiles. CaurtanWs 
dipped 15p to 279 p and 
Coates Patous declined 20p io 

^The Government stock lost 
V. * of a point but dealer were 
still optimistic aboul a funner 
cut in base rates later inis 
week. A Government broker 
sold out last Friday's index- 
linked taplei. m 

In the building sector. R.MC 
receded Sp to 620p ahead of 
todav's figures but Taylor 
Woodrow shares were up JOp 
io 5S Ip after good profits and 
a 10U per cent scrip issue. 

In textiles Beresford Group 
jumped 2Sp to I40p after an 
unwelcome offer from Allied 
Textiles which was 20p lower 
at 285p. 

Allied Textiles bids 
for Berisfords Group 

By Teresa Poole 

Allied Textile Companies, 
the Huddersfield woollens 
and worsted cloth manufac- 
turer. yesterday launched a 
£7.8 million bid for Berisfords 
Group, the Cheshire ribbons 
and trimmings maker. 

ATC, which last year fought 
off a bid from London & 
Midland Industrials, has been 
sitting on £22 million of cash 
and investments. Mr Russell 
Smith, chairman and chief 
executive, said: “Interest rates 
seem set to decline, so there 
are opportunities to get a 
better return from invest- 
ments in Lextilc activities 

The terms of the bid are one 
ATC share for every two 
Berisfords which is worth 
142.5p with ATC down 20p at 
285p. Berisfords gained 2$p to 

Shareholders will also be 

offered an alternative of 125p 
in loan notes or cash. Mr 
Smith is seeking a recommen- 
dation from the Berisfords 
board and the Sebire family 
which ow ns 24 per cent of the 

The board of Berisfords. 
whose business goes back to 
1858 and includes the Wear- 
Well range of ribbons and 
bindings, were yesterday con- 
sidering the offer and advised 
shareholders to Lake no action. 

Its biggest shareholder, the 
Rexmore fabric companv. 
said it considered the offer fair 
and reasonable and would 
recommend shareholders to 
accept on behalf of iis 26 per 
cent stake. 

In the six months to Sep- 
tember 28. Berisfords’ pretax 
profits showed a sharp fall 
from £315.000 to £130.000. 

Barker set for market 

By Alison Eadie 

Charles Barker, the adver- 
tising agency and public rela- 
tions group, is coming to the 
stock market next month in an 
offer for sale that will value it 
at around 05 million. 

Barker is the second-largest 
UK-owned communications 
group behind Saatchi & 
Saaichi. It made pretax profits 
last year of £2.75 million, a 

rise of nearly 30 per cent over 
1984. on billings up 11 per 
cent at £136.6 million. 

The group also announced 
yesterday that it would use its 
new shares to acquire Norman 
Broadbent International, a 
London-based international 
executive search consultancy, 
fora maximum £6.6 million. 


•f Mtarwia 

Gulf Omnir Inr. of Monrovia hereby give notice of it* claim Tor 
approx. L.S.J 1 1 million in damage* against LPRC and the 
Government of Liberia, arising out of the Contrai l of Affreigtment 
dated 9 April 1979. 

Enquiries should be addressed lo IMS. as agents for Gulf Oreanir 
Inr- P.O. Box 436. 1211 Geneva. Switzerland, attention Legal 

Construction - Property • Homes 

1985 profit up 21.3% 

Preliminary announcement 















per share 


42. 8p. 


Dividends paid 
and proposed 




£ million 


♦Restated and adjusted for rights issue 

* 25 th successive year of increased p: 

backed by long-term housing and 

property investment 

* One-for-one bonus issue proposed 

* Extensive diversity in skills, expertise 
and locations to meet changing world 
economic conditions 

* A well established and experienced team 

applying the latest technology to produce 
growinjf profits under free enterpnse 

2931 1982 1983 1984 1985 


share price 

best and final 
offer worth 

higher by 



The Guinness offer is unanimously recommended by the Board of Distillers. 

The closing date is April 18th at 3 pm. 


Tho advennemem o pubhoned by Muigan Grenfell 6, Co Limited and The Btiridi Linen banl - Lid on hi-haif of Oumm*** TLC The Di-cuor- uumnr- I'Ll jv 4* rv'-M* 
re-prtttjWe for the muimuiioo conumud in (hi*. adteriffeinmi To ihe of I heir knowledge and K'lH iha'-mr >i)n all rvan'raole can* V' ."i-mv ilui iu.'h in ih< .• i-ei in, in«.>nn.n .'n 

contained in ihii advcrfnt'ineni in m arcurduncr with die facn Hir Dire ,* '•'•in of Cmriivv PLC ae.cfH !*■ Ji v.tJiDi:!. 

The vaitlr of Gumrtni offer depend, on tfe ihaw pn fE Tnr jk.r offer » nlue i • lur Cunw* Oder. rfv'UTOinc acceFianci; m lull ter ->U Pi-ullur • : buK'hvkkr vl thi Cor.< i-nt'i. T rclVu r .*•• ?h.i re 
Eicctkni and then* rewhanl pro ran allocauc-n ol the Cutnnrv Cium-tuHc PtclVaiKr Share-, ha.*<d Ot> ihe miLile nuiLrl price, fr.«m Itu- ft‘<k Evvtvifnrr Thp» Sen in nn li'h ju~ r . 
The Oder value late* account of an cuimaie hv Vlood Mackenzie & Cu Limited and Carunore & Co ol ihe value, ha vd nn ihe uTevani »'rjin.*'n han. 1 pri.v . t ih, L.-r 
Preierence Share* m Guuhw«. The value of ihe C,vn,erhHe rrelererxe Shaie. of Oumrw., •ifi* ciaPiirufCii fcb'sjuy' rkt' Air Xli-f ^rt-snik Jik li'J. 




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Gilts ‘best 
deal if 

By Judith Huntley 
Commercial Property 

Index-linked gilts would be a 
better hedge against infla tion 
than property shares if infla- 
tion were to rise again. This 
could happen, for example, if 
Labour won the next General 

That" is the view of the 
property analysts at W Green- 
well & Co. the stockbroker. 

The market capitalization 
of index-linked gilts and prop- 
erty shares is roughly equal at 
£9 billion. Greenwell argues 
the time is right to compare 

Property has traditionally 
been regarded as an inflation 
hedge but. at first glance, 
index-linked gilts, which came 
into being m March 1981, 
appear to have been a more 
effective hedge. 

The stockbroker says lead- 
ing property shares have out- 
performed index-linked gilts 
since the beginning of 1984 by 
an average of 33 per cent, 
measured on the baas of 
market price performance. 
And shares have proved to be 
mare volatile than gilts, giving 
investors trading as well as 
investment opportunities. 

Greenwell finds most 
quoted property companies 
have achieved progressive in- 
creases in net asset value 
above the rate of inflation, due 
to equity considerations such 
as management, gearing and 
exposure overseas, rather than 
inflation proofing. In contrast, 
index-linked gilts are of di- 
minishing interest to investors 
as inflation falls, as this is their 
key characteristic. 

If Labour were to return to 
power and inflation once 
again moved into double fig- 
ures. the stockbroker argues 
that both index-linked gilts 
and properly shares would 
appreciate but that gilts would 
provide a better investment 

Hanson Trust poised 
to shake up 
the cigarette market 

By Derek Hants 
Industrial Editor 
Britain's tobacco manufactur- 
ers. facing steeper sales de- 
clines this year, are bracing 
themselves for a likely shake- 
up in the market when Han- 
son Trust fully takes over 
Imperial Group- 
Imperial Tobacco is still the 
largest single part within the 
group and is Britain's largest 
tobacco manufacturer, with 
about 42 per cent of the 
country’s cigarette market Its 
brands include John Player 
Special. Superkings. Embassy. 
Regal and Lambert & Butler. 

During the bid battle for 
Imperial. Lord Hanson, its 
chairman, has been careful not 
to commit Hanson Trust to 
any detailed moves at Imperi- 
al. Hanson has h3d approach- 
es for the various parts of the 
group whose other biggest 
interests are brewing (with 
Courage) and leisure as well as 
food (Ross and Youngs foods. 
Golden Wonder crisps). 

But Lord Hanson has said 
he would look to correcting 
Imperial’s decline in cigarette 
market share as well as "bring- 
ing its pubs into the twentieth 
century." He has also indicat- 
ed that Imperial is being 
bought as a commercial con- 
cern and that the intention 
was to run it in that way. 

On cigarettes the new Han- 
son strategy could be to move 
in two main directions. One 
would be to spend more on 
advertising and promotions, 
the other to cut prices. 

Imperial probably spends 
less on press advertising rela- 
tive to its sales than some 
competitors, but this appears 
to reflect its portfolio of well 
established brands. On high 
promotion brands it tends to 
spend about the same as its 

Ail manufacturers are re- 
stricted in their spending on 
poster, cinema and some mag- 

Lord Hanson: New look 
for Imperial pubs 
azine advertising, while there 
is also a ceiling on cash going 
to sports sponsorship. 

Imperial has been develop- 
ing game promotions, with 
prizes ranging from a Caribbe- 
an cruise to flights on Con- 
corde. Like other 
manufacturers Imperial also 
uses special price promotions. 

The result this past year has 
been to stabilize the Imperial 
market share overall. In the 
early Seventies imperial bad 
about 70 per cent of the 
cigarette market, but when 
EEC-derived tax changes fa- 
voured king-size cigarettes in 
1978 the hitherto highly 
priced Benson and Hedges 
Special Filter, manufactured 
by Gallaher. became Britain's 
best selling cigarette, a leader- 
ship it still holds. 

With Imperial's main 
brands then being the disad- 
vantaged smaller cigareties 
other more established king- 
sized brands from makers like 
Rothman also made big in- 
roads into the market. 

By I9S0 Imperial's market 
share was down to 52 per cent, 
compared with Gallaher at 29 
percent, in 1984 Imperial was 
at 43 per cent and Gallaher 33 

Both slipped a percentage 
point last year as all the British 
makers faced increased com- 

petition from the rising tide of 
cheap imports, mainly from 
West Germany's industry 
with its overcapacity 

Many brands in the growi 
own-label sector are suppli 
from Germany, but it is also 
the source of Dorchester, the 
low price R J Reynolds brand. 
Last May the low-price sector 
accounted for about 9 per cent 
of the market, but this has 
come back to about 7 per cent 
as British makers fought back. 
Imperial re-launched its Lam- 
bert & Butter brand at a lower 
price and Gallaher brought in 

Imperial now has seven 
brands among the lop 10 
cigarette sellers. Its big success 
has been Superkings. Britain's 
second best selling brand and 
clear leader in tbe larger than 
king size market which is now 
the main growth sector in 
cigarettes apart from own- 

The industry also faces a 
bigger overall slide in sales 
this year than last after the lip 
Budget tax on a packet of 20. 

Imperial has been putting 
through a hefty rationalization 
plan, which since 1982 has 
reduced its workforce in to- 
bacco manufacturing, includ- 
ing while collar staff, from 
14.000 to 9.500. 

The main object was finally 
to amalgamate the old em- 
pires of Bristol-based W D & 

H O Wills and John Player 
with headquarters at Notting- 

Factory rationalizations 
culminated last June in the 
closure of a Newcastle upon 
Tyne factory when it was 
announced that another 1,700 
jobs would go over two and a 
half years. 

Imperial's two main 
retie factories are Hartcli 
Bristol and the Horizon facili- 
ty in Nottingham. Both have 
been in production only a 
little over 10 years. 


Melterwore International: 
Mr David Gutteridge has been 
made joint managing director. 
Mr John Croft and Mr Colin 
Morrali have been named as 
commercial director and pur- 
chasing director respectively 
of Mellerware Housewares. 

Tilbury Construction 
(City): Mr Cedric Brand is 
chairman. Mr Eric Paradise 
becomes managing director 
and the directors are Mr 
Michael Bottjer, Mr Eric 
Bartlett and Mr Michael 

Railways selloff puts 
Japanese line to test 

Japan’s privatization pro 
gramme, which has success- 
fully transferred Nippon Tele- 
graph & Telephone and the 
state tobacco monopoly to the 
private sector, faces its tough* 
est testyeL 

The heavily loss-making 
Japanese National Railways is 
to be broken up and privatized 
by April 1987. 

Unlike privatization in Brit- 
ain, which has so far only 
involved profitable public cor- 
porations, (here is no short- 
term revenue gain to cloud the 
ideological question of reduc- 
ing the size of the public 

“We are foil owing Dr 
Friedman's ideas," Mr Mes- 
umi Ezaki, the deputy prime 
minister, told foreign journal- 
ists. “We wish to transfer as 
much as possible of the public 
sector to the private sector." 


Peter Davis, 
managing director at Grosve- 
nor Group. 

From David Smith, Tokyo 

per Express, or bullet train in 
Japan, will be far from 

Hie plan involves the shea- 
ding of 93,000 JNR employ- 
ees. However, in the Japanese 
way of things, these employees 

will be looked after. 

Early retirement is to be 
offered to 20.000. another 

32.000 will work in the pas- 
senger services of the newly- 
created Regional Railway 
companies, and the remaining 

41.000 will receive naming 
and help for a three year 
period. The sale of NTT 
involved no job losses. 

The state will assume part 
of JNR’s .financial burden, 
with accumulative long-term 
debt likely to total a massive 
373 trillion yen (£140 billion) 
by 1987. 

Even after some of this debt 
is passed on to tbe new 
companies and idle land and 

Walter Lawrence P.L.C, 

Fifth, successive year of increased profits 

Results for the year ended 31st December 1985 


Profit before taxation 
Earnings per share 
Dividends per share 


£*000 ~ 











1984 figures have been adjusted for 2:1 scrip issue 
in May 1985 

Housebuilding ■ Construction 

Manufacturing and 

LAWRENCE Engineering ■ 


Of The 

24 Miiiion 


Year. Only 
7 Pence 
In The 
Pound W\s 

Spent On 

(Pur It Down To Good Administration) 

Last year (1984-85) The Imperial Cancer 
Research Fund received over 24 million pounds. 

Of that a staggering 93.1% went directly to 
where it is most needed. The laboratory. 

Leaving just 6.9% to be spent on charity 
administration and fund-raising. 

For a detailed breakdown of these figures 
send for our annual report. 

It makes cheering reading. 

^MFERIAL ^ \nCER fr fr 

EO. Box 123, Lincoln^ Inn Fields, London WC2A 3PN. 

‘wasted on 

The Government could be 
pouring millions of pounds 
down the drain by rehabilitat- 
ing inner city housing built 
over the past 30 years, only for 
it to deteriorate again, Judith 
Huntley writes. 

This hard-hitting message 
came from Dr Alice Coleman, 
of King’s College Land Re- 
search Unit, London, at a 
Cambridge conference of 
chartered building surveyors. 

Dr Coleman is renowned 
for her work on land use in 
Britain and for her uncompro- 
mising views. 

She told the conference that 
the Department of the 
Environment’s approach to 
inner city housing estates did 
not have a lasting effect. 

Research from her unit at 
King's showed that design was 
more destructive for the envi- 
ronment of an estate than 
socio-economic conditions. 
Refurbishing estates, improv- 
ing their security and manage- 
ment were not enough in 

Dr Coleman argued that 
design was the root cause of 
many problems. "The incor- 
poration of design improve- 
ment into a scheme gives a 
much better chance of success 
than any restoration or man- 
agement improvement 

Herbert Smith: Mr Alan 
Jewett, Mr Michael Davis. 
-Mr Alasfair Morfey, Mr Da- 
vid Martin, Mr Patrick Robin- 
son and Mir Stephen Hancock 
will join as partners on May 1. 

John F Sullivan: Mr Roger 
Espe has been appointed pres- 
ident and chief executive 

Celltech: Dr Bill McCulloch 
has been made medical 

Cussins Property Group: 
Mr B Wyllie becomes a non- 
executive director. 

Blick International Sys- 
tems: Mr George Cooke has 
joined the board as finance 

Embassy Developments: 
Mr Paul Williams has been 
made a director. 

Porvain Mr Kenneth Hodg- 
son has joined the board as a 
non-executive director. 

Pell Frisch man n Consul- 
tants: Mr Joe Sms has been 
named as chief executive and 
director of the Pell 
Frischann Group. 

Bowring Aviation: Mr G 
Hitches. Mr N Brand, Mr R 
Fenn and Mr C Woods have 
been appointed directors. 

CT Bowring & Co (Insur- 
ance): Mr G Hitchen has been 
made a director 
Bowring Non-Marine In- 
surance Brokers: Mr G 
Moore, Mr S Amlridge and 
Mr M Hardinge have become 

Bowring Members Agency: 
Mr P Boater has been ap- 
pointed a director. 

Tbe cabinet approved tbe 
railways selloff at tbe end of' buildings are sold, the govern- 
last year, and legislation has ment will be left with 16.7 
now been approved by the trillion yen of JNR debt. 
Japanese Diet. And state support is unlike- 

The breakup and sale of the ly to end there. The privatiza- 
JNR, which operates the Su- lion plan involves the creation 

or six regional companies — 
one each fibr the islands of 
Hokkaido. Shikoku and Kyu- 
shu, and three lor the main 
island of Honshu. 

Later, shares in these re- 
gional com panics will be float- 
ed. However, according to Mr 
Ezaki. in the early stages the 
companies arc likely to re- 
quire state subsidies, partly to 
compete with existing private 
sector railways. Private and 
local authority railways cany 
40 per cent of rail passengers 
in Japan. 

Japan's privatization pro- 
gramme differs from that of 
Britain in another important 
respect It is accompanied by 
much greater moves towards 

On the privatization of 
NTT in April last year, the 
domestic telephone market 
was opened up to competition 
with five other companies ^ 
already in. or in the process of " 
entering, the business. Foreign 
companies are allowed to 
lease circuits from NTT and 
offer telephone services. 

Austin sells for Peugeot 
in bid to keep foothold 

Austi o-Raver is doing its 
best in Japan — for the French 
motor industry. Tbe state- 
owned British car manufac- 
turer is now selling the 
Peugeot 20S in Japan, David 
Smith writes. 

The decision to do so is 
hardly the most obvious way 
of reducing Britain’s massive 
imbalance on motor vehicle 
trade with Japan. For Austin- 
Rover, it is based on the need 
to keep a toehold in the 
Japanese market and at the 
same time work on developing 
the right distribution system. 

Japan is the motor in- 
dustry’s equivalent of selling 
ice to the Eskimos. While 
imports have been increasing 
at nearly 20 per cent a year 
over the past two years, last 
year's total was only 50,172, 
just over 1 per cent of the total 

According to Mr David 
Broome. Auslin-Rover’s mar- 
keting manager for Japan, 
imported cans need certain 
qualities to succeed in the 
Japanese market of which the 
most important is ind- 

The Peugeot 205 appears to 
have this quality, Mr Broome 

said, and it win not compete 
directly with the Mini, Austin- 
R over’s most notable success 
in Japan. 

Austin-Rover sold 1,626 
Minis in Japan last year, 
making it the best selling small 
imported car. Under an agree- 
ment just signed with 
Nishimeo, a Japanese finance 
company, sales of 3,000 Minis 
are virtually guaranteed over 
the next two years. 

Tbe deal also involves the 
probable setting up of a 50- 
dealer network for Austin- 

The only other car from the 
Austin-Rover range being 
marketed in Japan is the MG 
Maestro, although the compa- 
ny has high hopes for the 
Rover 800. to be produced 
jointly with Honda. 

At the Ministry of Interna- 
tional Trade and Industry 
(Miti), BMW is held up as the 
example for all importers. Mr 
Kazuo Wakugi. vice-minister 
at Miti, said it has successfully 
penetrated the Japanese mar- 
ket through good products, 
good distribution and success- 
ful marketing. 

However, part of BMW's 

success is undoubtedly ex- 
plained by the fact that it has 
captured the whim of a certain 
sector of the Japanese market 
in the same way that it has 
managed to appeal to young 
men on high salaries in the 
City of London. 

Mercedes-Benz has achiev- 
ed the same sort of success, at 
the expense of Jaguar, among 
cider, wealthy Japanese. 





Adam & Company. 

Codmental Trust- 
Co-operative Bank. 

C. Hoare & Co 

Lloyds Bank. 

Nat Westminster _ „ 
Royal Bank of Scutari.. 


Citibank NA 


-. 11 . 00 * 
_ 11.95% 
~ 11 £ 0 % 
. 11 . 00 % 
.. 11 . 00 % 
- 11 - 00 % 
- 11 . 00 % 
- 11 . 00 % 

Monsn Base Rate. 

Call for 
on roads 

By Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

Leaders of Britain's civil 
engineering contractors have 
urged the establishment of a 
non-political forum to assess 
the work needed to update and 
repair the nation's infra- 

Mr James Stevenson, vice- 
president of the Federation of 
Civil Engineering Contrac- 
tors. said the Government was 
manipulating the facts to show 
large amounts of additional 
work on roads and sewers 
were not needed and would 
not create many extra jobs. 

But with the buildeni also 
having a vested interest, the 
country needed a national, 
non-party political, neutral 
body to study the issue, he told 
the federation's Yorkshire sec- 
tion annual dinner. 

He criticized the 
Government's claim that in- 
creased infrastructure spend- 
ing was just "feshionable”. 
and said a recent public 
opinion poll conducted by the 
federation showed ihe elector- 
ate was anxious to see much 
more construction activity. 

The Argyll 
Offer doses 
at 3p.m. Friday 

April 18th. 



Stake bought 

Bums-Anderson has ac- 
quired 15 per cent of Dial-A- 
Phone. a Manchester- based 
private company supplying 
telecommunications equip- 
mem. The price was £50,000. 
in 83.333 shares. 

The Argyll Offer values Distillers’ shares 
at 709p - 16p more than their current market 
value. If you want to know why vou should 
accept the Argyll Offer, call James Gulliver by 
dialling 100 and asking for Freefone Argyll 

If you have any difficulties filling in your 
Acceptance Form, call the Argyll Helpline 
on (031) 556 7761 or f031) 558 1252. 

If you have accepted the Guinness Offer, 
and now wish to withdraw, complete and return 
the withdrawal form. If you require assistance, 
or a new form, call the Argyll Helpline on 
(031) 556 7761 or (031) 558 1252 for advice. 

!T rj J rV£ " ,Ct " P " P, ' Bl, ^ r: ' ** “WMCU 5 CO iJD OUUlUfe'-i/'T jtPHP r P.,- , W| 

, 1982 1983 1984 1985 

Argyll Foods profit growth of 140% since 1982 has resulted almost entirely from improvement in existing businesses. 

Argyll Group PLC 




Taiwan finds that forgers 
are bad for business 

By Simon Scott Plummer 

The largest Taiwanese mis- 
sion ever to visit Britain 
arrives in London today on 
the fourth leg of a six-nation 
tour of Europe. One of its aims 
is to attract British investment 
to Taiwan, something which, 
the mission will argue, could 
be of mutual benefit. 

The investor is offered a 
cheap and well-educated 
workforce, an increasingly af- 
fluent local market and a 
springboard for exports to a 
region whose economy is 
growing fastest of any in the 
world. The host country can 
take advantage of imported 
know-how as it seeks to 
upgrade the technological lev- 
el of its industry. 

British companies are no 
doubt familiar with the eco- 
nomic achievements of Tai- 
wan. They are also aware ofits 
reputation as a counterfeiting 

Fake motor parts (including 

Those found guilty of coun- 
terfeiting trademarks can re- 
ceive up to five years in jail 
and/or a fine of NTS 150.000 
(£2.550). For patent and copy- 
right infringement the maxi- 
mum penalty is a three-year 
sentence and/or a 
NTS 1 20.000 fine. 

What effect has all this had? 
To the casual observer in 
Taipei, it appears very little. 
Fake Rolex, Cartier and Piaget 
watches may not be displayed 
as prominently as before but 
they are readily available un- 
der the counter. Likewise, you 

dividend for 1985 7p (ftp). 
Turnover £19.8 million (£18.8 
million). Pretax profit £1.53 
million (£1.16 million). Earn- 
ings per share 20.61 p (!3.75p). 
The board reports that trading 
in 1986 has started welL 

• MCD: Total dividend for 
1985 3.9p (3p). Turnover £4 7.24 

! million (£40.26 million). Pretax 
profit £3.75 million (£3.02 mil- 
lion). Earnings per share !2.8p-< 
(9.7pk The board has recom- 
mended '■•acceptance of the 
merger with the John Crowiher 

dividend for 1985 raised to 0.6p 
(0.2pj. Turnover £13.89 million 
(£13.89 million). Pretax -profit 
£708.000 (£148,000). Earnings 
per share, basic. 2.77p (0.91p) 
and fully diluted 2.52p (0.83p) 

Turnover for the year to March 
29 last estimated at about £20.3 

Law Report April 16 1986 

Cassettes and records are 
not ‘apparatus’ in 
Act against pirate radio 

! Rndd v Department ot Trade ^replaceable or only replaceable 
■and Industry " at a very high cost that the 

Before Lord Justice GlideweU Goodman speakers were not in 
and Mr Justice Schiemann 601 used ,n connection with the 
{Judgment given April 141 transraisaons: that his only 

Aphate xadio operator was 
allowed to recover cassettes and " JESEBsShS-SS 
records which had been ordered only realistic hopes of obtammg 
to be forfeited when be had employment were either as disc 

pleaded guilty to two offences 
under tire Wireless Telegraphy 
Act 1949 

-- The Queen's - Bench Di- 
visional Court held that for the 
purposes of ' the 1949 Act. as 
amended by the Telecommuni- 
cations Act 1984, the term 
‘'apparatus” included speakers 
used in connection with the 
playing of records and 
but not the records and 

tireless Telegraphy 

The big, bad wolf hands the little pig a bomb: 
anh-connterfeituig propaganda in Taipei, 
sub-standard brakes), bicycles, books have cost the < 
tools, watches, pens, clothes, manufacturers millio 
shoes, medicines and toilet- pounds in lost sale 
nes. tennis rackets. sunglasses royalties. There is the 
and spectacle frames, locks, an understandable fear 
industrial products (such as transferring technology 
pumps), videotapes, computer country where illegal a 
hardware and software and seems io he a wav nfiu 

a-Susr 1 ediiions o , f ssss^sssiss 

English books at a quarter of million (£15.9 million) ^nd 
tne original cost. pretax profit at £1.09 millioa 

Whonln.., Ihlr M yf 7A1 (Vtftt TL« 1 J - 

Queen’s - Bench Di- 
1 Court held that for the 

Tenth Year 
of Record Profit 

% change 

Turnover £125.9m £108.9m 

Pre-Tax Profits £23.2m £20.1m 

Earnings per Share 29.1p 22.5p 

Total Dividend 7.00p 5.4fip 

Audited Results for the year ended 31 December 1985 





“It is always pleasing to be able to report higher 
profits and sales and it is particularly so at this 
time as the Group is celebrating its Golden 
Jubilee - our fiftieth year of successful 
business and with a record profit for the tenth 
successive year." 

Ray Parsons, 
Executive Chairman 

Bowthorpe Holdings PLC. Crawley, Sussex RHI0 2RZ 



», books have cost the original 
s. manufacturers millions of 
■t- pounds in lost sales and 
es royalties. There is. therefore, 
s. an understandable fear about 
*s transferring technology to a 
:r country where illegal copying 
a seems to be a way of life. 

"1 Having gone along with this 

situation for years, the Gov- 
ernment in Taipei has at last 
begun to take action to rectify 
it. Pressure from overseas, 
particularly the United States, 
and the need for foreign 
technology to help to restruc- 
ture Taiwanese industry have 
brought about a change of 

The trademark law was 
amended last November to 
give full protection to trade- 
marks registered in Taiwan. 

- r £-^'- Wan 8- econom- 

icaflatrs ministry’s anii-coun- 
lerfeitmg committee, told The 
Times that even if a foreign 
company failed to register its 
trademark in Taipei, the Gov- 
ernment could stop export of 
fake versions ofits products to 
countries where it had 
registered- i 

The copyright law was simi- ■ 
larly amended last July to 1 
protect books with foreign 1 
copyright . 

A draft amendment of the 1 
patent law is making its way f 
through the system and will a 
probably lake a year or two to 1 
reach the statute book. At s 
present, the law does not cover v 
chemicals or medicines. 

Drugs containing ingredi- T 
ents not previously intro- A 
duced into Taiwan are **i 
protected for three years, com- a I 
pared with 15 years’ cover for ft 
products other than chemicals s > 
or pharmaceuticals. cc 

When I put this to Mr Wang (£702.000). The' 
he said it was very difficult to recommending a< 
track down those who A * ■ 

track down those who 
stamped watch faces with false 
marks; their equipment was 
light and they could move 
quickly from one place to 
another. However, even if 
domestic sales of fakes could 
not be stopped, the customs 
could seize consignments des- 
tined for export 
What do the foreign firms 
which have already invested 
in Taiwan think of the situa- 
tion? Mr P.C. Hsu, territory 
manager for Burroughs 
Wellcome in Taipei said that 
without proper patent protec- 
tion the company would not 
make enough money to invest 
in research and development 
Mr Lucas Wong, general 

the offers for A & J Geifer. 

• NOLTON: The company has 
acquired the remaining 19 per 
cent of Proofed Packings not 
owned for 719.426 ordinary 
shares. Notion is also subscrib- 
ing for 200.000 new ordinary 
shares in McNally Design (in 
return for 449.940 Notion 
ordinaries), lifting its stake to 
550.000 Shares (about 13.1 per 

• WPP GROUP; The group is 
in talks with -Grass Roots 
Partnership with a view to 
merging it with. Promotions 
House when Promotions be- 
comes a WPP subsidiary. Grass 
Roots is a- leading* motivation 


Toial payment for 1 985 4. 1 p - a 
of 17.1 per cent. Turnover 


offences j ocke 9 r or .in working for one of 

... . the «neriali<a music nances. 

the specialist music papers, 
either of which employment 
would require the return of the 
forfeited equipment. 

The question for the opinion 
of the High Court was whether, 
upon these statements of foci, 
the crown court had been right 
in holding that the word 
“apparatus in the 1949 Act. as 
amended, included those 
particular items and whether the 
court therefore had the power to 

themselves. particular items and whether t 

The court in allowed in part iberefore h«l the power 
an appeal by way of case stated or ~? foneiture thereof, 
against a forfeiture order T“ e defendant had given 

by the Liverpool Stipendiary as to ihe way in which 

Magistrate on February 13, 1985 * *»» used the wuetss lele- 

against Jeffrey Michael Rudd, £rap* uc . equipment and hr 

— c . — ;?■ a—- “ ui if. i percent. I urn over 

manager of the trading arm of £1 3.26 million |£u _25 million). 
ICI in Taiwan, said the com- Profit on ordinary activities 

pany had turned down invest- 
ment projects on the island on 
economic grounds, not for 
fear of counterfeiting. Howev- 
er, a lightening of the patent 
law would make ICI look at 
investment in Taiwan more 

In Europe the steps being 
taken by the Taiwanese to 
stamp out counterfeiting are 
welcomed but judgements on 
their effectiveness are mixed. 

Mr Harry Jones, adviser to 
the Society of Motor Manu- - 
facturers and Traders in Brit- 
ain, said the amendments to 
the laws appeared to have 
stemmed the flood of fake 
vehicle parts from Taiwan. . 

And according to Mr Ian 
Taylor, of the Publishers' 
Association, the situation has 
“potentially rather than actu- 
ally improved”. British pub- 
lishers are waiting to see how 
simple registration of foreign 
copyright will be. 

before tax £1.13 million 
(£932.000). Earnings per share 
8.79p (7.18p). 

tal dividend for the year to Jan. 
25. 1986. raised to 39p (35pL 
Sales £15.35 million (£13.79 
million). Pretax profit £1.02 
million (£].0S million). Earn- 
ing per share 136p (146pX 

• PARAMBE: Total payment 
for I985.1.25p (Up), Profit on 
ordinary activities before tax i 
£133.738 (£96.331). 

NATIONAL: Total dividend 
for 1985 unchanged at 3p. 
Turnover £8.94 million (£9.04 
million). Pretax profit £402.000 
(£1.1 million). Earnings ner 
share 4.25p(12.23pL 

DATED: Dividend Ip, as fore- 
cast for 1985 (1.1 Sp). Pretax 
profit £745.000 (£1.05 million! 

NOLOGY: Dividend 1.5p 
(0.85p) for the year to ftb. 28, 
1986. payable on June 16. 
Pretax revenue £381,000 
(£212,000). Earnings per share 

offences under section I(J) of 
the 1949 Act and upheld on 
appeal by Liverpool Crown 
Court on April 24, 1985, with a 
modest concession to enable the 
defendant to recover 10 of his 
records for his own hw. 

Mr Anthony Goff for the 
defendant; Mr Timothy 
Holroyde for the prosecutor. 

sud that on January 21, 1985 
informations had been laid 
alleging that on two days in 
November 1984 the defendant 
had used apparatus for wireless 
telegraphy except under and ip 
accordance with a licence, con- 
trary to section 1(f) of the 1949 

graphic equipment and had 
maintained that the Goodman 

the interpretative section 19 of 
the 1949 Act 

Clearly Parliament in passing 
the 19S4 Act had felt that the 
forfeiture provisions it con-# 
rained were sufficiently wide, 
but the question had been left 
open as to how wide they were 
intended to be. 

It bad been argued by the 
prosecutor that the records and 
tapes had in foci been coupled 
with the styli or tape beads and 
consequently came under the 
proviso in section 14(3) of the 
1949 Act but in his Lordship’s 
judgment that was not so. 

The proviso was intended to 
deal with an altogether different 
situation than that before the 
court His Lordship had been 
impressed by the situation sug- 
gested by Lord Justice Glidewell 
in argument of a guitar player 
using an electric guitar. 

It bad been conceded by thp- 
prasecutor that it would be £ 

who had pleaded guilty to two maintained that the Goodman 
offences under section I(J) of wereof no practical use 

AWKIS giacBsasw 

"S- 19 of the 1949 Ach . 

while transmitting. The speak- 
ers would have been connected 
with other forfeited items and 
would have remained connected 
while transmissions bad t»i«»n 
place on tbedays on which the 
offences had been committed. 

The main problem posed by 
the case was what Parliament 
had meant by the word 
“apparatus". Was that meaning 
sufficiently wide to include 
gramophone records, tapes and 

Section 1 of the 1949 Act, 
under which the defendant had 
been charged, provided that no 
person should establish or use 
any station for wirdss teleg- 
raphy or instal or use any 
apparatus for wirdss telegraphy 

prosecutor that it would be it 
misuse of language to describe 
the guitar as “apparatus" in that 
sense and his Lordhship could 
see no difference between an 
electric guitar and a record or 
tape for the purposes of the 
present case. This pan of the 
appeal should therefore succeed. 

As for as the speakers were 
concerned, however, his 
Lordship's judgment went the 

other way. They could reason- 
ably be described as wireless 
telegraphy apparatus. 

Even if it were otherwise, they 
would be capable on the fans of 
the case of foiling within the 
proviso of section !9ofthe 1949 

It would seem that the speak- A 
ers would normally have been* 
coupled with the other forfeited 
items during a transmission and 
the appeal should be dismissed 
.as for as the speakers were 

and had been finuri £50 in 
respect of each one and had been 
ordered to pay £40 towards the 
prosecution costs. 

Pursuant to section 14(3) of 
(he 1949 Act, as amended by 
section 82 of the 1984 Act, all 
goods and equipment; seized 

amended by section 92 of the 
1984 Act. provided in sub- 

* ^u.p.uca. seized 5£L2^ PP> ? m L i ^ 

from the defendant had been £^5% ,? ouJd ,tse] L- S* 
forfeited and the defendant tire purposes of the 

argued that some of those items vSJlS a PP amus for wireless 
should not have been forfeiuvi telegraphy. 

should not have been forfeited. 

Although he was admittedly 
running a pirate radio station. 

While reference had been 
made to section 10(3) of the 
1949 Act, neither counsel bad 

he contended that a number of , £?• , [“I _ counsd ^ 

the items found on the premises tha, «*i? ,on “J™* 1 

where the offences rook nJ««> “V “d . bis 

where the offences took place 
were not in feet used in connec- 
tion with the commission of the 

Those included over 300 
records and 70 cassettes, which 
he valued at £1,000 and two 
Goodman loudspeakers. It was 

Lordship agreed with that view. 

No authority bad been cited 
that bore on the question of 
what Parliament bad bad in 
mind in Talking of apparatus. 
His Lordship approached the 
word “apparatus" as a first 

WELL, agreeing, distinguished 
King v Bull ((1937] 1 KB 810). 
which had been referred to in 
argument. It was dear from the 
facts that that case had been 
concerned with the receiving of 
transmissions from outside and 
not with the making of 

An order was made to delete 
the records and tapes from the 
list of forfeited items. 

Leave to appeal to the House 
of Lords was refused, but a 
question of law of public im- 
portance was certified, namely: 

“When an offence is commit-4 
ted under section 1(1) of the 
Wireless Telegraphy Act 1949 
involving the illicit broadcast of 
recorded music, does the court 
have power under section 14(3) 


Further and more substantial 

recovery m prospect 





General Premiums 



Investment Income 



Underwriting Loss 



Life Profits 



Pre-Tax Profit 

2 &5 


Attributable Profit 



Dividend per Share 



fatal Net Assets 



Assets per Share 



'As underlying conditions in major areas of 
our activities continue to move in a positive 
direction ... l ean look forward to a further and 
more substantial recovery in our experience 

which we anticipated would 
not become really tangible 
before 1986, is now more 
firmly in prospect We can look 
forward to a further and 
more substantial recovery in 
our experience during 1986. 

Despite the adverse effects 
on our investment portfolio 

L»ood^ loudspcakert It was impression of not being wide have power under section 14(3) 
3SS5£9?!P g '***±' enoush to take in tapes or of the Act to order forfeiture of 
h^£j BlalBd Si 110 * 5 5™“ rccords ’ “ impression which (a) the particular disc or tape 

LSffin™, 10 r*f cr p , g q reinforced by the reference which is being played at the time 

II, I"? “^"2° I"* 5 remiorcea oy roe reference which is being played at the time 
had. substantially m the 1949 Act to installing or when the offence is detected. 

UpneKl the decision Of the ucinc mv snmranw and fhl nrhn- 

! upheld the decision of the 

The defendant had given 
evidence to the effect that 
certain of the records were 
almost unique and were for 
practical purposes either ir- 

using any apparatus. 

_ It would appear that Par- 
liament had had something in 
mind other than tapes and 

That the word “apparatus'* 
had a wide ambit was dear from 

and (b) other discs or tapes 
which are available at the 
broadcasting station to be so 

Solicitors: Avison Lowndes & 
Co. Liverpool; Goldsmiths. 

Entitlement as of right to have 
invalid ‘unless’ order set aside 

lii CViliwi /T nt"» r am _ _ . 

Hitachi Sales (UK) Lid v 
Mitsui Osk Lines Ltd 
Before Lord Justice O’Connor 
and Lord Justice Neill 
[Judgment given April 14] 

. QC.and Mr Michael Nolan for 
the defendants. 


O'CONNOR said that the order 
made against the defendants 

. . • — ucicauams 

court order requiring a slated that. M unless the defen- 
E3B F serve wthin J4 days 

judge was referred to several# 
rases and he fell that be was 
bound by the decision of the 
Court of Appeal in Van Houten 
I th * Times 
Feb ruary 7. 1980) to set aside the 
onto- and judgment as a matter 

Gordon R. Simpson 

of sterlings appreciation 
against the US dollar, ou 

Reflecting a further sub- 
stantial improvement in net 
asset values, and in accord- 
ance with a declared policy 
of dividend progression, a 
final dividend ot I4p per 
share is recommended, 
making a total of 22p per 
share ror the year, an 
increase of 10%. 

At £243 million, world- 
wide cash flow was again 
strongly positive and invest- 
ment income increased by 
U.9% in original currencies. 


1Z P 33J5 P 




against tne US dollar, our 
capital base has been further 
enhanced to a new record 
level of £16 billion - 
equivalent to 940p per share 
-- and this excludes any value 
attributable to our Long-Term 

wuh Order 42, rule 2(1) of the lara of the Points of Defence 
Hiii foe Supreme Court if it the Points of Defence 
did not specify the period within would be struck out and the 
which the act was to be done, plaintiffs would be at liberty to 

^ Jl ?f y ’ lh J pe,SOI,a * aiDSI & judgment against*^ the 
whom the order was made defendants " 

lUrtlllrl ha • ■ . . • - • . 

n T^. order May 

. "Hie Court of Appeal so stated 

plruSr^.S.f'^Wi J*' «• "o. 

Mass mm — 

brrl. 1985. aakuShfoJS'E **** “ “ •*«”“ •*“ r^r^’mrtTtad 

aside a judgment entered in Jll SSf no t n *« Mll P*i- been made aware of theWS? 
favour of the plaintiffs on the which He would onlyffowifihco^w 

J* ^ irregular Ju^em or was served in the oidiww?' * 

namely, that the mdemenT order which requires a person to and l?. aar f 


His Lordship had no doubt 
toat the judge was right It was 
obvrous from the wording of 
Order 42. rule 2(1) that the court 
oroer bad to state the period 
wtthjn which it had to be obeyed 
starting with the date of service. 
„ *7 le ^senous nature of an 
Tinless order was such that 
one would expect the rules to 
Provide that time should not 
ran until the person against 
whom tire order was made had 

ground that it was irregular p I5I! dl X i! 131 ~ a judgment or 
namely, that the judgment was 2 raer wtnch requires a person to 
obtained pursuant to an order an act. must specify the time 
which failed to complv with ihp aIl f r service of the judgment or 

which failed to comply with tire serv,Ce ° r ^e judgment or 
provisions or Order 42, rule °T. ? on J e °* her time, 

2(1). within which the act is to be 


Mr Mr sSSS, "SS 1 ^ S d J" “Sfi--! -SJ 1 - o«ter 

ptainUffis Mr And.onjXte, J 

and it stated when time stand] 
ranning and how long he had 

l H 4£r hip wou,d 

Lord Justice Neill agreed. 
Solicitors: IngJedew Brown 
Bennisroi . & Garten; Swin- 
nenon Ashley-Oaydon & Co. 


™v S ^sSSS^v^ SHOWN 

£ u 5ie.? ro,1de saf ety equipment 

| II! Smith v Scot Bowyers Lid 

«/5!° yer who had pro- ra^nw^eth^the^miSit 1 ^^ wnTt rC i^! ,eri ^ ^ ^'PPed at 
ided Wellington boots to its replaced. ey ought to be work because the tread had 


v'dcd Wl.ic. taV'S ^^unwnerncr rney ought U) be 

of Appeal (Lott! 

wur K oecause the tread had 
worn offhis Wellington bcreS 

KSB justice Ralph 

UNITED kingdom 

Despite a deterioration in 
UK experience, there is an 
underlying improvement in 
a number of important lines. 

Our adverse experience in 
the Private Car account is 
causing us to apply more 
frequent and substantial 
premium increases than for 
some years. 

. You can receive a copy of our 7SW5 
| Crntrnary Annual Report anJ a 

3UJHC yc«U5. r _• — ujiuumuci 

Containment of operating 30 outstanding record 

costs continues to be an ot operating surpluses, 
increasing feature of our LIFE & pensions 

underwriting performance at General Accident Linked 
last began t o come into ef tect Life Assurance successfully 
CANADA launched a range of unit- 

pereonaj UnesLmderwriler 

! toZZ.tL**** * I 

performance in the UK. 


There is some evidence 
that in 1985 the long- 
heralded improvement in 


Asa result of major ~~ 
changes made during 1985 
in our life sales oiganisahon, 
the principal sales thrust for 
tire business is now channel- 
led through 16 life branches. 





i * t ' 


The Guinness offer for Distillers is unanimously recommended by the Board of Distillers. 

, w ■ ' Qrcnfyi Co Limited and The British Linen Bank Limited on behalf of Guinness PLC The Directors of Guinness PLC are the persons responsible for the information contained 
; * published by MWg 3 tn ensure that such is the easel the information contained in this advertisement b in accordance with the Ikts. The Directors of Guinness PLC accept n 

in this advertisement To the best of 

This advertisement is puonsncu y~ ‘ ~ r j~ g || regs 0 na y e caK ^ ^ 5 ^ diat such is the easel the information contained in thb adrerrbemeiu b in accordance with die tacts. The Directors of Guinness PLC accept responsibility accordingly. 

: iheir knowledge and ncr DisriDeTs share of Guinness' best Offer and die market value of a Distillers share. The values are based on the middle market prices at 3.30 p.m. on 15di April. 1986 taken horn The Stock Exchange Topic Sm-ke. The value of 

The above figure represents die diderenc* “Tin^n shsreholdfirsof die Convertible Preference Share Election and their resulcanr pro rata allocation of the Guinness Convertible Preference Shares. The Guinness - best offer value takes account of an estimate bv VVbod Mackenzie &. Co 

Guinnete'besr Oner assumes accepo-®^ Scasenove & G>. of the raliie, based on the Guinness sharc'prfce. of the Convertible Preference Shares. The value of the Convertible Preference Glares is estimated because they are not presently quoted . 









51 - 










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up to give you jour overall total. Ui«K 
this against the daily dividend figure 
publish^ on this page. 1 n maicte you 
Rave won outnghl or a share of the tout 
dailv pnze money stated. It^areai 
winner follow, the daim procedure on tne 
back of vour card. You must always have 
jour card available when claiming. 


£ 4,000 

Claims required for 

+39 points 

Claimants shonldring0254-53272 


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Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of jour^dailytoiate 
for the weekly dividend of £8.000 in 
Saturday’s newspaper. 



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17 Oo -B 81 


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27 Sumna CWW 30 

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318 180 ABP« •;£ ']% 2!»? 

H ’I? {Secerned*, 1 t J 

«s«5 i r “ -si 

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485 jre BowWprpa 4«S 63 1.7KN. 

221 178 AAM __ O’! J 

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110 30 Mrcnson 1“1 • . 

22* 172 A wart SP ■** 

29B 207 Aleeandra VTwW 283 • - 

150 130 Amb er ind j 

403 350 AEPWWe 387 -t 

47 32 *IW il 

32 23 Armour " 

*20 355 ASJl 1UWT *J 

a : 


313 265 Avon Rutav “ 

S ,s SB-““ £ 

«3 383 MT I DM *« •* 

82 67 BETEC ” 

386 277'; BOC 3g - 

*98 355 H TH AM ®‘ 

222 163 aaOOCK 184, •- 

26i. IB’. guJeyJOO »9* 

635 *20 Baml IWM) W 

310 216 Baxer PjWa 306 ■ 

200 120 Barra Md ig • 

174 112 Bartnm 1M 

495 180 Banow Raid »8 
57 40 Barrow HaStMm 5* • 

2*5 183 Baran T iyspfld ZKj 

32 23 Baynas ICWU) g 

196 138 BMtSOn CJark# JBl • 
133 9* BaajWd 1g • 

413 318 Beacfta m 401 

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132 IDO Ba spm^ !j9 - 

380 21* gesooefl, JfJ * 

465 310 Bera*°Od 460 ■ 

33 » Bmmn (OF) 34 ■ 

335 260 Baby (J) 3“ 

205 1*0 BvWie 1 » . 

120 78 BJVtn (J1 1*0 « 

136': B*'i &m»d Oil l e a n JS 5 

173 IDS Bemnshem MW J™ 

174 1*9 gar* Anew ira 

228 186 Blech ."Paiarl 186 B 

£7 35 Blackwood HOdga »i 

336 1*9 Bait Arrow 319 

26 * 167 Boaymta go « 

35 B 2€5 Bower McComei 3*8 
Tim yon Boos 2 SZ 

«•: 8 V Bouwn IWm) <4V 

353 tSB Boeraer Ml, 

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123 75 BniSMdB Grp 1 W 

383 323 Bramsusr 

88 62 Bra***, S,. 

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44 35 Brcpend Go * 

189 110 Bndon _ Z‘2, 

132 1 » Bnoon-Gunoy 180 
135 115 Br ^9 * Eng AM 135 
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143 07 Br Snnon 1= 

281 196 Br V* 281 

383 290 &0*«" H* *4* 

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21 IS Brom Eng 17 

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190 156 Brown 6 T«w» Ig 4 

JB 19 Brown Uonn) 25 

a 52 Bnmwis (*A=i) 61 

303 ZCO BuBougn J78 

226 136 Burgess 136 

63 59 Bums-Andarwi 79 

7B 55 Caimoro Eng 70 
51 25 : Casaro »d « r 

SB SB Capa k« TO 

400 253 Cam* Eng » 

65 46 Casongs “ 

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103 59 cwneemn m i00 
B 230 153 Cnanar Con, , _ 2H 

7 9£ 68 Pen Frnwa Lynch W 

. M3 
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2* 22 73 

02 1.7 23J 

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3*3 280 cromaa w 313 

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133 96 CUytDn Sen 131 

440 MO Ccnen lAI *40 

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10.1 4J 17 j 
9.6 *4 215 

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18.1 59 369 
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9 7 66 10.8 

BA 22 31ft 
OJB 1ft 8ft 
03 1ft 1*3 

28ft 6ft 122 

lift * 1 .• 

167 4ft 163 
,4 2ft 10ft 
8.1 29 101 

Zft 5ft 5ft 
23 1.1 Si l 
21 ft 5ft 168 
61 2ft 9ft 
114 16 143 
125 17 19.1 

120 63 0* 

.. 205 j 
37.7 63 102 
102 33 1Z3 
10.0 53 12ft 

29 1ft 33ft ' 

3ft 5ft 126 
257 10ft 12 
22 Oft • 

107 5ft 12* 
7ft 51 61 
161 *ft 165 
.. 1 .. 

18 6317.1 
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3 75 SA 13.4 

61 *7 74 

0 OB 2ft 175 
8ft 13 369 

1 20b 5S 53 

95 30 195 

1 143 67 62 

SO 45 99 

64 *3 >11 

| 86 57 15* 

8* 39167 

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.. .. a* 

1.7 as 213 

8 6 64 9ft 

10 17.1 4ft 1* * 

S 9ft 67 17ft 

lafteUl ... 
179 5ft 14.9 
32 42 112 
21 59 11.0 

7.1 49 67 

7* 4.1 141 
09 67 71.1 
65 * J 155 
4ft 64 129 
100 35 120 

16 19 18ft 

67 4 1 25* 
18 69 99 
65 53 122 

4ft 7ft 167 
11 7 42 163 
29 15 189 

18 49 17.1 

25 36 119 
24 43 409 

.. a . 49 

I 1790 4ft 87 
18 59 97 

1.4 42187 

. • .. 119 
. a .. 359 
31 42 132 

IS 85 105 
S9 59106 

15.7 00 522 

35 «2 15ft 

) 193 32 13 1 

79 25 31 l 
. . a . . 10ft 
1 65 66 279 

107 82 102 

15.4 3ft 64 
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TO 52 Mampnasa Bronw “ "■ M *j 2*2 

127 ,101 WW |j 32 69 

S I 3 .1 « *9 m 

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166 138 MMBlC WWOa ™ • i is «ft 127 

98 81 Meataa g. gg AT 

«'»« ISSiSSra "iol ^ tft 43 19.1 

108 TO MMw* somara 'ua - nl , M ^2 

183 163 “(*« J™ *j ill 49 149 

275 ^ M ^ 4* 49 106 

113 95 MosS tBCW R) “ 0 TB Oft 15ft 

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144 82 Nr*MP7M*a 1M -1 "ft 2ft 61 J 

86 50 mmon -7 ,18 50128 

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S BBSW 1 - 11 514 
!S ,7. 5«° 8 4 I) ?S 11 

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^3 m RL SS" 8 ? s 1 8 

238 ZOO Md EneoAN* 
891 649 Heed H 
153 132 
TO 57 Rentfd 
102 90 ftaemwr 

*75 3*5 RauttiB 
33 21 Rewnaro 
180 110 R«a«o Era 
B3 53 m*»rt IL«a) 

a -a in as 

a 4 4 49 109 

SV - 0 TB Oft 15ft 

5 .. 10.0 49 66 

8 -1 lOftn 74 lift 

k 1 4 2ft 61ft 

£ -7 126 S0 128 

S .. 114 53 120 

22 •-. 15ft 39 163 

«3 «-3 9ft 40 266 

SB •->’ 14ft 11 1SJ 

17 40.5 

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ITO -15 31.4 16165 

00 -10 11 04 13ft 

tT-- 75 07 296 

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78 -3 4 0 5.1 13.7 

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298 «-7 15 05 . . 

278 +4 21 J 7ft 149 

■Sv 54 Ilf* 

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IS • -7 31.4 16 209 

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100 • .. 38 3ft 68 

B35 -15 22S 2717 3 

913 *5 29 1-4 127 

§3 -3 SO 2119ft 

884 -3 27ft 11158 

138 B-2 69 49110 

76 *1 ’0 TJ”ft 

100 -2 S7 57 154 

«ia a-i 4i 1-1 312 


83 53 Hchird (Lrfc) TO, ■* 

58 19 l+dryiltion Wd« re i -3 

iS2 120 RMianaon Bw 1 
273 1 SB Rcbneon (Thcnroa) 2® . . 

55 30 RDCk-ara « - 1 

!*9 128 flow Jre V 

148 122 j* 1» -a 

7'i 3’; Roapnm _ j 

,58 118 Rerorh 153 •-* 

130 98 ftesaaw 116 

♦, 1 0 ift lift 

-2 57 57 164 

-8 *6 1.1 31ft 

♦6V 1Ab 4ft 13ft 

. 41 2918ft 

4 4ft 59 7ft 

-3V .. 22ft 

. . 11 3ft rae 

- - 

-1 .. ..267 

.. 9ft 69 79 

-a 63 7ft 7ft 

t J 7.7 50 114 

.. 10 1ft 627 

38 17 

200 218 
83 55 

78 49 

515 are 
128 103 
170 120 

lie 9* 
18* 137 

,54 13* 
16* 126 
Si 20 
118 75 


920 703 
47 32 

266 TW 
128 83 V 

P 38 r 

Salt TM* 255 


« ST » 

31 V 2BV 
262 188 
36 30 

328 218 
22S 183 
285 356 
193 *28 
132 71 

118 86 
ISO as 

O 43 
*80 3*5 
473 354 
115 98 
23d 170 
98 75 

210 <53 
206 153 
298 180 
119 90 

38 13 
221 193 
675 349 
193 US 
250 210 
456 360 
62 33 
8 ’. 5 '. 
91 6* 

IBS 123 
108 91 

Simon Eng 
Eta Hundred 

Sfflfli 6 Nepmei 
Sndi wiMwenn 
Some md 

Spear 4 daemon 
Staff, Fwwnes 
avdard FVework 

Star Camp 



SHrtng kid 



Semen 6 Pat 
St**0n San 

Sidra Paciac A 




TSL Themai 

Tekoda Guam 

23a 61 6 ft 
63 38 »5J> 

17 2 ft 228 
3ft *9 199 
161 3111ft 

48 69 169 

4ft 26 139 
&6 32 ISO 

1 7 1.1 39.* 

1ft 1.1 379 
3^ 27 253 

24 4ft 13ft 
3ft 27 7.9 
129 11-1 7-1 
175 1 9 226 

39a 69143 
121 4.7 67 

79 63114 
224 4619ft 

6ft 2ft 309 
0* 1.1 6*3 

6ft 2ft 21 ft 
67 29 16.1 

89 11 121 

79 40 1*9 
670 44 111 
79 7ft 66 

238 *9 13ft 

196 4 1 13ft 
33 29 370 
17 1 79 49 

68 105 §9 
. . a 58 
129 94 99 

80 2ft 200 

14ft 12 60 
166 13 165 

41 i’9 lift 
9ft 19 229 

Oft 5. 0 74 
49 4ft 10ft 
61b 19 IBft 
29 27 164 

IS A^pfeyart 


.. .. Bhanel Bros - 

300 166 BramM (CO) 2B5 

bos *21 Br Aaroa paca 8*5 

140 90 Br Cm AuwoM 128 

7* no pt 48 

160 168 WW ’™ 

181 79 Cowie (T) „ . ™ 

133 100 Gant (Godbar) i« 

225 ire Dgwiy aw 

m w fa f*®**) 3£ 

283 IBa Fort MOBY 2« 

ao 86 Game IFrar* G1 » 

295 234 Genorai Mce or OT 

78 Si Gianaeid Lawranc# re 

133 114 GWM) LTO U4 

s*- s 

« Ksa 1 *” i 

su. H 

653 *70 U«at» 813 

128 116 Party gp 126 

?; a ssthT 1 1 

S £ SS^Uonw) § 

7.1 Aft lift 

7.1 69 49 
22 1ft 1T.0 
lft *2104 

69 15 lift 
229 41 lift 
SO 39 142 

64 66 II 
50 60 79 
67 46 14ft 

7ft 34 164 

4ft 19 25.8 
7.0 25 . . 

43 6ft 62 
260 68 ... 

II II 610 

as 42 119 
39 09 .. 

123 2ft Bi 
67 46 Oft 

93 43569 
10 29 13ft 

161 39 221 

70 54 eft- 
157 26 123 

8ft 49 143 

94 70 124 

17 59 . 

61 5ft 119 
0.1 02 13ft 


bsw 1 •?. 'liAifi 
i-K&i r is 
1 !S B‘- i *i ’« 




63 3ft 196 
9 l *9 425 
59n MS 57 

a 2 eft 11.1 

6ft 62 75 
1 1 68 203 

7.9 25 149 

57 M .. 

76 87 118 

21b 15 H2 
69 18 156 

. 400 
11 An lft 67 
46 I* 66 
57 228 34 
SO 5* 6ft 
79 77 7* 

. b . 3*3 
19 27 167 
61 61 65 

74 4ft 108 
6* 08 209 

79 99 1B9 

66 7.7 11 1 
. . ■ . 54 

89 5ft 59 
23 68 85 

730 82 47 
15a14l M2 
64 41 126 

35 71 59 

36 *2 149 

79 48 123 

43 2ft 115 
Sftb 63 99 
Oft 29 14 B 




29 * 1 “ 

S * 

reviewed 90 

family cars. Only 1 was 


awarded theJ 


NISSAN SUNNY 1300 GS— £5726 

VAUXHALL NOVA 1300 GL— £5939 

TANZA 1600 GL — £6551 




o o 

o o 

o o 

o o 

FORD ORION 1600 LD £6792 

AUSTIN MONTEGO 1600 L-£6799 

FORD ORION 1600 GL £6719 


iGA 1500 GL £5770 



AUSTIN M0NTEG01.6 HL— £7590 






gg^ffTER 1800— £6899 
g0g&^OME.O GUIUETTA 1.6-£7350 




FORD ORION 1600 GHIA £7875 

LANCIA PRISMA 1600 £6990 


A. . 

S -v- 



CAVAUER 1.3 L— £6409 

)VER 216 SE £7187 


MONTEGO 2.0 HL— £7899 

AUSTIN ROVER 216 SE £7187 


SEAT MALAGA 1500 GLX— £6293 



VAUXHALL CAVAUER 1.6 GL-£7617 PEUGeB^2£^«4Sr> .... 


As you can see. they were all in there pitching to 
become Which Carft ‘Best Bu/- the Orion, Cavalier 
Montego - family cars from Alfa to Volkswagen. 

But it took the Fiat Regata to show them all the 
way home with a combination of virtues that put the 

result beyond doubt . 

To use Which Car?b own words. 

“Performance is one of the Regatab strong suits 
The twin cam 100 Super can manage* class-leading 
100 m Dh' and the 0-60 mph dash in under 10 secs. 

" rjjjg comfort is good... and handling safe and 

predictable" _____ 

“The Regata’s interior is spacious. 
levels are high tool In total, the Regata is quiet and refined” 
‘A truly massive boot makes the point that the 
Regata is a very competent load carrier as well'.' 

“Fiat have gone to a lot of trouble to make the 
Regata one of toe most refined economy machines in its 
class. ..All versions return very good fuel economy, however 
hard they are driven” 

And to sum up: 

“Buy a Regata and you get a lot of car for your 
money. All models are well equipped when compared ■ 
with rivals and although toe Regata never sets out to be 

a massive car it uses its interior space to great effect 
In addition, all models are pleasant to drive, handle 
predictably and shouldn't cost a fortune to run” 

Neither will they cost a fortune to buy. 
Your Fiat dealer can show you ail five 1.3 and L6 
litre Regata saloons and two estates at prices that 
start at £5,695/ 

But talk to him now - he may be able to 
tempt you even more with a very special offer. 

And in any event choose a Regata and you’ll drive 
away with Which Car?’s assurance that you couldn't have 
made a better decision. 

From £5,695 





















ns I 





p to 











Is S 


’s £3 


















-a r.k 
is. M 

1323 .T 
3Ci en; 














T) - 
" 3~> 
.h his 

. Se- 

i. on 

*jb gg 









T 4 J#J 




Tvveel^Tweoks.T«eeks, 4 WEEKS holiday pay per year PLUS. 

Bank Holiday pay, free word processor training, sick pay scheme and an excellent 

choice of interesting assignments. p brook street 


City c£l 2,500 + benefits 

An experienced P A/Senior secretary is re- 
quired by the Chairman/Chief Executive of 
a major City reinsurance broking group 
and Lloyd's brokers. This position offers 
an excellent opportunity with a growing 
company and the nature of the job will 
ensure responsibility, interest and involve- 
ment. A capable organiser, you will have 
the ability to cope with pressure and enjoy 
using initiative. The successful candidate 

* be aged 27-35 

* be educated to A level standard 

* have relevant City experience 

* have impeccable presentation, secretarial 


* have the ability to communicate effec- 

tiveiy at all levels and be discreet 

* have a professional approach combined 

with a sense of humour. 

■ A knowledge of the Lloyd's market would 
be an advantage- 

Our benefits package includes BUPA, pen- 
sion scheme, season ticket loan, free life 
assurance and LV's. 

Please write with full details to: Box A 54, 
The Times. PO Box 434. Virginia Street. 
London El 9DD. 


Our clients, a young well-known team in 
the City are expanding and looking for a 
secretary/P.A. 50% secretarial, the rest 
of the day organising. Age max. 25. 


Advertising/Interior Design Co. in the 
West End are looking for a beautifully 
presented, well-spoken receptionist who 
can cope with a very busy and young 
atmosphere. Typing needed as well as 
organisational skills. Shorthand useful for 
prospects within co. 50 typ. Age c25. 

IM tnemafnnanjd 
f ta uatnem 
SO Hans Crescent SW 1 

(mfvuftjaf career 
advice lor 

pw^gnal assKlants 

Tasteful Temping ••• 

No hassles. No let -downs. Just plain, simple, 
high grade temping. 

A tasteftil package of top jobs, elite rates and 
thoroughly professional service. 

If you have sound skills and experience, you 
should be talking to “The Shop". 
Telephone Sue Cooke on 01-409 1232. 

RccrulDiirnl CmMilUnI? 


Long John International 

Leading Scotch Whisky Distillers with 
prestigious offices near St James' Park Under- 
ground require an efficient energetic and 
presentable Secretary for their Export 

Ideally aged 25-30 years, applicants will need 
first dass shorthand/audio/typing skills, 
impeccable English and a good knowledge of 
Spanish are essential- 
Salary is negotiable. Good fringe benefits. 
Please telephone Jenny Coiquhoun 01-222 
7060. (No agencies please). 

c£ 10,000 + Mortgage 

The subskt^ of n wvestmeM bvih towolved in 

venture capital needs a senior secretary to work as part of 
a smaH team. Duties include Rasing with diems, travel 
arrangements, correspondence, reports on W.P. and 
some research. Thera are excellent op portunities within 
this large international group and yoo shodd be aged late 
2 O' educated » 'A‘ leva), have skiSs of 100/60 and 
WP and enjoy wanting as pan of a busy team. Excefient 
banking benefits. Please call: 

434 4512 

Crone Corkill 

Recruitment Consultants 

Z u 

| Head for Heights ? £11,500+ \ 

■ Th* Senior Partner in this k&fy pr nftwwnri «**“*“* E 

— ironh company neetU an rqaaffy prafetuarsalPA Ujavt hit , 

Z tram. In addition to your staetarui nwaaawmtiM yououU ^ 


Take your 1st or 2nd step with us fn one at 8» above 
creative fields. These are just some of the exetong 
opport uni ties we currently have available for both cotiege 
leavers end 2nd Jobbers, if you era bnohl. entbusiastK; 
vnd presented and possess good skBts (80/50 + WP) we 

wouki be dsbghtsd to hear from you toteO you ai about 
our interesting, jobs and help you to make the right 
decision about your next move. Please cal 

437 6032 



Earn excellent rates as part of our busy young 
temporary team and work for a variety of inter- 
esting clients throughout London. You may tvsff 
find your ideal permanent job and be paid while 
tooMnol SWHs 80/100 ah or audio, 50+ typ. and 
good WP exp. Age 13-2$. 

Why not come and see us or ring ter our feet sheet 

437 6032 

. SM£r 90/60 Apr 25-35. 

| Electric Currency cJZ10,000 | 

re Thr atmosphere in fhr whole company i* eUtlrie ^ ft* Q 
3 trading [four, dynamic - that's where be. * 

^ admin taut tCO%keetsc.YauV need your mts and imOoWu « 

Z In ape. Skilh.- 90/60 Age 21+ £ 

' Luxury Lines £9,500 § 

> This frtfurr arul property group require* o polished PA/Stt < 
m for their young oral dynamic exnutwe. Thu u o and 
^ Irimdty team environment ichrrv jwor bon rears an you to ■ 

■ bMdZfarttMe he tnmU oiroed SW* 60/60 Age: 21+ o 

%High Spirits O 8.600 i 

SlIusjwuW. treatiee team of aatori sates poapk wnrtoig ^ 
Z for a /wwitvwui tames aid t&witt tommy need your g 
E rnreumnl epertw* Whilst organising the team yon nf ^ 
r htwe extensive deeat contact and the opportzmsty to be , 

* mrolonl in tome wtU-ltaavn pmmtiondtoeot^JixrxOmt 

2 MU. wibottw and BesOabty are a must fcr uus exnt m g “ 

g company AfcsSc W/SOAgt SJi- Z 


8 Golden Square. London WL 
Tet 01-439 6021 


Based in the Romford area, our dient is a 
diverse service orientated organisation seeking a 


for thexr top executive. Involved in die 
management e/f business change and 
development this executive requires a competent 
secretary capable of responding to the pace and 
workload he addeves 

This position will imerat secretaries who have 
pervious executive experience, and excellent 
secretarial skills inchtding 100 ta/un. shorthand. 

For the right candidate this position offers an 
exciting and challenging future. Interested 
appbeanu should zoriu giving fid! career daails 
and salary to date to Deborah Morton , 
Sloangate Recruitment Advertising, 
Dominic House. 171477 London Road, 
Kingston On Thames, Sumy KT2 6RA 
Telephone: (24 hour answering service) 


■HHM Hecrudment67Adue>inng> 


We would be deHghtad to help. We don't 
advertise EVERY job we have on our files and 
we may have just the one to sint your particular 
skills and personality. One of our consultants 
would be happy to discuss job prospects with 
you and if wo do not have anything suitable 
immediately we would keep you In mind and 
consider you for new jobs as they come in. We 
handle a wide range - from college leaver to the 
realty senior PA positions. If you have 
secretarial skills why not ring for an 
appointment to either our City Office (588 3535) 
or West End Office (434 4512). 

Crone Corkill 

Recruitment Conauliante 


A firm of surveyors and their associated finan- 
cial services company require an experienced 
Audio Secretary for one of the Senior Farmers 
and the Managing Director. Good accurate typ- 
ing skills and an ability to use WP (IBM) 
essential. Considerable responsibility and must 
be able to work under pressure. Salary range £9- 
10.000 according to age and experience. Please 
write with full details to: 

Douglas Blausten at Cyril leonard & Co. 

25 Gilbert Street Grosvenor Square. 

London W1Y 2 EJ- 

Telephone 01-408 2222 

(NO MOiClUl 


We are a smart and friendly recruitment consul- 
tancy specialising solely in secretarial /- 
administrative positions at salaries of £8.000++. 

Being quite newly established we are still very 
enthusiastic to give yoo genuine assistance. We 
don't expect to be successful unless you are. so 
why not call today and ask to speak with Jennie 

01-734 8466 

International Business Centre 
90 Regent Street 
(entrance at 29 Glasshouse St) 
London W1 



1 The Bemi South Head -Of- 

I (ice in Eghara provides a 
service to the Berm inns 
in .London and South East 

It'sa busy, fesl-movjng en- 
vironment equipped with 
some of the latest office 

This is a real opportunity 
far a Secretary with fast 
dass shorthand and typing, 
who has good admin- 
istrative ana communica- 
tion skills who wishes to 
pursue a career in a senior 

Aged over 25, yoo should 
have several yews experi- 
ence in a commercial 
environment. You . must 
possess a driving licence 
and ideally have worked 
on word processors. 

In addition to a competi- 
tive salary, you can expect 
the benefits and conditions 
associated with a success- 
ful company. 

Please write with a c-v. in- 
cluding current earnings 
lo Bemi McHaie. Berm 
South. Elbry House. 59 
High Street. Egha m . Surrey 
TW2Q 9EX. 

Group Coordinator 

Central London 

Arthur Andecsen & Co. Man^emem Consultants is one of the 
country's largest firms of consultants with a fina-ebss 
reputation for the quality of its service and people. 

We are seeking a group secretarial coordinator who will be 
required to 

provide a full secretarial service co a senior partner and 

2 managers 

— monitor secretarial resources in the group.Le. 
administration of holidays, sickness, workload 
distribution etc. 

— assist with rfx? implementation of new technology 

— arrange internal group communication meetings- 
Successful candidates will be aged 26 +. educated to at Ie3St “O’ 
level standard and have 65wpm audio. Leadership skills and 


£ 8,000 

Ora at these In tere sting positions must suit you! A 
very famous name in the world of fastuon seeks 
three young secretaries with perhaps e year's office 
experience to Join their smart Mayfair office. A* posi- 
tions are varied ana busy. Benefits include S weeks 
tafldays. flexitime, restaurant and generous tfis- 
opunts. SO wpm typing abttty needed and IBM 
Displaywnter experience. Busty shorthand an asset 

Efizobekh Hunt Recruitment Consultants, 
V2-3 Bedford Sheet London WC2 01-240 3511> 



You uni tv around jN>>Ain- '••ii tmi merr i moon an try 

Mi* vooa vM Mwn .uvJ communiralttn rtinv TnWai arfUhi 
on W. Tfw- atnur* to »or» *1 AVI Of a Inert StK} lm*r 
pfrvo jrr r- rMWul. w you r*n « sam no copailiom 

• Mwwmurjio mui j-oor yrrrUrHl rwit«. 

OvnUri j.ijTir Boynloo on #1^9* 4S*V 
Hrflrrtt Ufl. t« Umn S&ort. London WTM S 

alexin c m 

c£1 1,000 + Mortgage 

This prestigious US bar* to tooking tor a wall 
ung secretey wMt an outgoing paraonal- 
two of their recroBmert exacuttyes. Late 

very tttie typing and plenty of aoope 
witotiw. Typing 55 wpm (shorthand useful) and 

1 1 

JL iihiLV- l «e4l'-L 

I'tvUi'TiVriVr^T 1“ y‘ lli 'i li r •yiii| | ' |, Y^>i 

M i l; j 1 ■ >.» ■■ 

■ L I f to i -f i a i fr t; ^ 

^ 1 !r' A . fr . T . - » 


Busy Timber Agent seeks responsible and dedi- 
cated Personal Assiscam/Secretary willing to be 
fully involved in all aspects of the business. The 
work is very varied and includes drafting con- 
tracts, supervising shipping and delivery 
arrangements, maintaining control of cadi flow, 
foreign exchange and money market dealing etc. 
Previous experience in these fields is not neces- 
sary but applicants should have an aptitude for 
figures, be self-motivated and willing to learn, 
with good secretarial skills and preferably some 
W.P. experience. 

Salary: £10,000 + n a ge M aWa. 

Free medical insurance. 

Please apply in writing with full C.V. loc- 
J.G. Wright, 

John Wright (Panel Products) Limited, 

114 Jerrayn Street, London, SW1Y 6HJ. 


Expanding members only business centre 
requires further secretarial executives. 
Applicants should reside within the GLC area 
and have a knowledge of all office systems, 
including s/h, audio, telex and WP (Wordstar) 
and be smart and well spoken. 

Excellent salary plus car, medical insurance, 
dress allowance and share incentive scheme. 

Interested applicants should telephone or write 
today in own handwriting enclosing CV to: 


WgWfagale Secretariat, 

1 Berkeley Square, 

London W1X 5H& 

(Tel: 01-029 0116) 



4 days a week-£ 10,000 pa 

Top Secretary/PA required for leading 
Composer/Lawyer. Must be educated, 
experienced and well organised and 
preferably with WP skills. 

Prestige W.l office. Excellent conditions. 

Apply in writing with full C.V. Trevor 
Lyttleton, 23 Bryanaton Court, George 

London WIH "HA. 

(No Agencies) 



The information Systems Department of 
an International Investment tank seeks an 
enthusiastic, in leiiigent junior (aged 20-24) 
to help out in alt areas of the department's 
responsibilities, including operator duties 
on a Wang VS system. Wang WP experi- 
ence is necessary, as are flexibility, a sence 
of humour, dedication and the ability to 
work under pressure in a busy but friendly 
environment. Good benefits package. 
Please apply with detailed C.V.. stating 
salary requirements, to; 

Information Systems Administrator 
65 Brook Street. London WlY lYE. 

£J0j 600+ overtime 

experience of working tn a busy professional environnwnc 
would prove useful as the position isaderoandrogooe- 

to work. 

We are 3sldng a great deal, but in return for your sJdtewecffl 

offer vou a well-paid, challenging career asavftaf memberc* 
the team, together with die opportunity to train in tne uoex 
office technology. 

Take on the challenge and send a detailed cv. (enclosing a 
daytime telephone number.) ice * __ 

MrsM Hennesgv, */\KTHUK 

esszsc* Andersen 

3 Surrey Street, * r* /"W 

London WC 2 R 2 PS. - 


■s' fc f 
>» . “ 

Second-Century Secretaries 

Kensington c.£7,500-£9,000 

Next month. The Coca-Cola Company will 
celebrate In styia one hundred years of success 
as the wortd'a best known soft drinks company 
But if you join us as a Secretary, you’ll be 
more involved tn getting our second cehturyof 
achievement oft to a flyer! Vtorking with minima! 
supervision, you'll pnMde key secretarial and 
admlnlsirativ© support for one of four busy 
functions - External Affairs, Finance, Sales, or 
■technical - dedicated to consoBdafing our future 

We're kxUdng tor bright, inteHigent people with 
good shorthand, fast accurate typing and WP 

skills, and the rnitiafive lo ferive In the 
sophisticated environment of our modern 

Northern European headquarters just oft 
Kensington High Street 

Salaries (dependent upon experience), wffl 
be becked by extensive benefits indudlfig free 
Capitalcard/Travekterd (after 3 months), 
subsidised private health care, subsidised 
restaurant, free product issues, and excellent 
sports and social faculties. Wrffl also provide 
cross- training on the latest electronic office 
equipment as appropriate — and there are good 
opportunities to progress your career with us. 

Interested? fbrfijrtherlnfiDmttffiorKXsntaca Deborah Khan, 

Employee Services Officer; on 01*938 2131. Ocwrttetoher .. 
enclosing your deteiled cv(inducfiig current remuneration), 
at Coca-Cola Great Britain limited, Pamberton House, 
Wrights Lane, London W8 5SN. 

. afilteN N l AJ, CE N 


required by BHP, 
Australia's largest 
company, tor its small 
corporate office in 

Suitable candklates 
wiB have very sound 
educational quaKfica- 
tions, seW-motivation .. 
and good 

o r ganisational skflto- 

Tha position requires 
people contact, with a 
pleasant disposition, 
as the three Managers 
are frequenlty absent 
Some experience with 
would be useful. Out 
of peak working hours 
are reuired. say 8-30 
to 4.30. 

We offer 5 figure sala- 
ry with yearly review, 
season ticket loan, 

LVs and contributory 
pension scheme. 

Written applications, 
together with a full CV, 
should be addressed 

The Brokea Hffl 
Proprietary Co. Ltd-, 

33 Cavendish Square. 
London W1M SHF. 


Excellent starting salary 
plus mortgage subsidy and 
other benefits 

Brighton Based 

. Ourderttsthesysems 
based subsidiary of a major 
Amencan financial or ganisatm 
The Managing Director now 
wishes to recrutca Seoetary/RA 
The ideal candidate wfl 
obviously Desman and wen 
presented, wfl be used to deafing 
with people at afl levels and wi 


att ra ctive 

If you are experienced at 
this level know how ^ tkf 
international companies work are 

that inioative is parte 

your pereonafiy - then we 
woud Bee to hear from 

[-1 1 :^r- t >4 - I»m^ «• 

a last moving intemaoonal 49 TheMarcleBL 

company The Managing Director Qvtes M/ay. Suraess Kill, 
hasaveiyerAghtenedviewof Ufest Sussex RHIS 

management and the working Tel: Burgess H8 (04446) 603a 


We rewire * young entftu- 
siasOc see. rec to loin the 
learn, ai least two years 
experience required. Ex. 
cetlenl typing, audio and 
PMBX swltchbovd 

Satary £8^00 

373 8546 



Old estauistied firm of 
Parliemenury agents 
need an Audio Secretary 
for Partner. High stan- 
dard required io handle 
unusual and Interesting 

Good salary negotiable 
and outer benefits. 

Tony Robertson 
01-232 OM1 
•No agencies! 


We arc seeking good une 
■aria] and organisational 
skills abciv e Ml. sunrtody 
vvno win fit into a young 
and expanding team. Chal- 
lenging but tar led work - 
lop salary. 

Write to:- 

West End 

£10,000 + Beaefits 

Smaral major companies - with 
HQs to the West End - are tooking 
**. « board levet The 

redoes ana Averse (PubSshtog. 
^vestment. Construction) but 

need "fxSSSSit 

w«h min. skSSs 80^0. 


Mikael Jarvis a4>artnere is iheU.K's leading International Madia Cbnsuftantt and as 

demanding, newly created posttan; to control and admintetar 
This wW involve working directly with the Mananina Oirectnr in -- - „ 

kets. creating. montowigSw' tofiowtij tfftSSIiSE 

company presentations. controMing 

the trade press far potential r^bwtinesa m*TpSSSi M SSSd&t^ 

Ttasooner you can present our company to potential new clients on your own, the 

^ ^ a 50und background in media or advertisma and wffl he ***** 
tor a Challenga. Any knowtedae of other European tanguaaeBwouki ta 
tage as we deal dkectiy ^Cdtents 

TTas is very much a position that can be moulded to your own persooaitty and methods. 

££ a°^^ r tr ™ 1 W Wy ' *• r— 




positions currently avaflabJe. 

bi iad, all of our bookings offer you 
^excellent prospects* high rates of pay, 



To be key person in small professional 
organisation (psychology/edueation) near 
Baker Street. Friendly atmosphere in un- 
pretentious mews building. Administrat- 
i ve/organising experience essentiaL A as 
from about 28. Salary from £9,000. 

For details and application form telephone: 

01-486 7454 

(No Agencies) 


GERMAN OT FRENCH ^tdaosPA/Seaeftry Ob 

msandiwUia ... 
wuMn m Into 

food English shorthand, who is both sdFflwcivawi and sa£5- 
amih fciNc i q enjoy tarn sunt fint interviews win be in 
London. Salary o accordm* to -the Lmemboonc Convention 
Collective and U Hkdy 

Please ring tts for farther dctaOi ofibii pos and shnifar openings 
in London. 


Recruitment Consultants 
22 Charing Crass Road 
London WC2H OHR. 

01-838 3794 . 

will include customer liaison e x perience aad sbortfaand/udio 
typewriting. Knowledge of hnpofl/Expon procedures and laa- 
giya would be advantageous. 

Usual eOfnpiBjr benefits will mdncfc salary c £9iXX)-£9L25D 
pita animal bows and LVs etc. 

Please send (nil CV nx- 


The (restitute requires a sa crettre wMh several yam a axperi- 
ones to work feudally inSWl doss to Victoria Station. Wo am 
retoratfeig totor W« yew to Wngtqn and bur new allow m 
dose to Itia AngaL 

The sucoassM appfleant wl be worldng wl|h tto manflon 
melton, so an fenorast In wfcntfcmrjnaaais would taavta- 

Salary E7JSQ0.IWL Hcwa ftOO SAL 4 wwks km per 
annum. \ ...... ?.£:.■ 

Ptease peiowj icq al on 01-3*6 9933 tar an appfca ll on toon 

I a C.V. la .... 

The Instate af Hooting 
12 Umr Betorave SI . 
London SW1X 88A 

Credit ControHer/PA secretary 
to Financial Director 

Expanding exWbWon company rttnirea wimasSasaevsi^ 
motivated person to run an aspects of . invo king , ,nd .P** 1 ” 

contrrt. OOier duties tnctnde secretarial andamU ttegFhMV 

ctal Director with budgeting and ewt control. Shorthand 
essentiaL Salary negotiable. 

Please phone Mr Marke on . 
01-549 5831 

PA to 


City stock broking finn. 
Previous experience preferred. 
Able to work on own i ni ti ativ e. 

Salary up to £12,000. 

Please send full CV to P O BOX A84. 

3tk 7 in NW1. In ’addition to ptraentaftfli^ 

^dScdlem secretarial 
for right person. 

Phone Christopher Oslo «* 01-93S 3085, 

^ ss-.ssr- 



5 ,te hea S^ hUi in Hounslow- 
Computer Company 03560 . 

You will be 26-35 yys with shorthand, WP 

and preferably audio. 

Reply m BOX A 58 - 

plus the added benefits of the MacSaai 
Privilege Cad and Club membeishfp. 
Dw^deby- every minute counts. 

[ffig aaigns 



— *• 



Elizabeth Hunt 

to £9,000 

■ A targe American firm of Insurance brokers seeks 
anoutgomg, bright young secretary to the daee- 
tofSM the international dvision. it’s a fast, 
bardworidnaatmospfwo and good prospects are 
envisaged. Benefits include a guaranteed bonus 
and free lunch. 100/60 Sifts needed. 

to £8,500 

A v^wratteiriBeonBnisations^ up te improve 
the environment we Re in seeks a secretary to 
' jonthoir busy training dmsion. Help set up and 
attend comes, 00 wpm Audio abffiy needed. 

tb obcUiHuKA R scniRM s n t Contuitaife 
23 CoiageHB London EG4 01*240 3551 J 

■ ^.i Tww y iiii > | Hw w. . tm 

' ‘WT ' .nNy ii ' i J i ' ll! 

■f t3Bs 


Admin -In Colour 


Breik into mass drcuhtkxt magufte pub&hfog, wfdi dhfs 
Iwsehold name* company As RA» Brenda! OlracDar >oti 
wfil handle some correspondence, lots of administration 
(purchasing everything front arstDpaper<JlpsJ) and lots of 
xetephon^peofde contact. He bycraig appropriable and 
keen to delegate- Thu should be reasonably numerate, 
vrffftog to learo how to harafle bask budgeting on 1&-1VYP, 
with senior level experience. Good typing rust y sho rthand 
requested. Age24+. Pisse telephone 01-493 5787. 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old BontfStraeL London W1 

(Recr u itment Gorautann) . 

PA - Music 

Stylish, articulate PA Secretary to work with this 
welt-known, important international Music Man, 
responsible for a long list of top artists.dKa £9,500 

TV Director 

Outgoing Secretary to assist Programme Director 
of TV Station. Must be able to Inne in a profe s - 
soral maimer with Presenters, Producers, etc. 
Excellent prospects. cfaca £8^00 


trinity college of music 

pa/secretarytodrector of exaibnatons 

An imaginative, experienced audio Secretary is rc- 
mrired Work wiB tndude a constdertak demem of 
.administrative independence Post graded Scrie 4 on 
NJC r*ie Staffing sdara £8217 pj. (me LWA). 
Sueccssfid applicant required to commfnrf work on 2 
Jim 86. 

For further mSnmation and apoficatton fcna apply wc 
Administrator, Trinity College of Music 
H-I3 Mandcvjlle Race. Londo n W1M 6AQ 
(Tc* 01-935 5773). 

Oosiitg date Stb May 1986. 

bookkeeper accountant 

Wanted by small wtne shtepere dose to Victoria, 
secretarial background. Knowledge of compute rs, 
versatile arid able to work wratout supervtakro- 
Cotnpetlttve salary. 

Apply in witting with C-V. to; 

jposman Hunt & Co Ltd.. 4 Pratt Walk. 
London SCI 1 6AR. 


ttulies far tWa toog rain p ortBcn.A ge 
SSb^uvoo *ne kxSdng ItarmvoIvcBtarang rapotabo- 
jonbr Ui writing K> MO. wn eaTsSr oo. 2>24 
Londott. W2 4 SA- (No Agendeto- 


Small, friendly, rapidly expanding West End 
firm of solicitors require secretary/PA with flair 
for administration and personnel to assist part- 
ner whose work is varied with a bias towards 
commercial litigation. 

The other position would suit individual with 
mixed legal experience 

Both vacancies demand very good secretarial 
skills including W/p experience and an ability to 
maintain a sense of humour whilst working un- 
der pressure. Congenial practice. Prestigeous air 
conditioned offices and modem equipment 

Please reply with CV, marfcng afl corre- 
spondence ‘strictl y prhr a ts and 
c on fidentiaf-re fc rsp ce MS’ to: 

5oaklM and Sooklas, 1st Floor, 
Heariette Noose, 9 Henrietta Place, 
London W1M 9AG. 

Tel: 01 629 5878. 


interested in learning about all aspects of Personnel, fore enabling you to further yow 
As Secretary to the Personnel Director you will be career. Skills 90 / 50 . Ideally suit 
liaising with staff overseas, arranging accomodation, someone aged mid 20 s. p|M 



Secretary to Chief Executive 

We are seeking an enthusiastic and 
bright Secretary, with proven 
organisational ability, to provide support 
to the Chief Executive and the Marketing 
Team. Must have excellent typing and 
presentation skills, shorthand and WP 
experience. Aged 21 • 25. 


We are looking for a Receptionist with 
an outgoing personality who is smart 
well-spoken and presentable. Apart 
from greeting clients and visitors, there 
will also be some typing. Aged 25 - 30. 

Salaries are negotiable. 

Please contact Margarita 

01-839 7412 


Are you seeking employment with 
responsibfity and prospects? We are look- 
ing for a PA to join our international office 
in Mayfair. Applicants must have many 
excellent personal qualities - self-motiva- 
tion. able to take responsiblity, work off 
owil initiative, well organised and of a 
pleasant disposition. If you think you have 
the qualities we are looking for then call: 

Paid Walsh on 01-629 6612 
or write Including C.V. to: 

47 Uppor Grosvenor Street, 

London Wl. 



for the 



Bi lingual secretary with experience required, 
English mother tongue, good French. English & 
French shortahnd and typing, to work for mem- 
ber of administrative staff of small secretariat of 
this European organisation. Duties include ar- 
ranging committee meetings in Strasbourg and 
other European tilies, circulation of documents, 
use of electronic typewriter, telex and word pro- 
cessor. Job necessitates responsible person able 
to woric independently. Salary includes expatria- 
tion allowance. Applications, enclosing CV and 
telephone number to: 

ESF. 1 Quai Lezay-Marnesia. 67000 Strasbourg. 

Tel (33) 88 35 30 63 to arrive by 1st May 1986 

Films & TV 


\Khnt to find out about TV & film? As projects 
secretary in this dynamic young production 
company you can see it all — from tnemrth of an 
idea to the finished production. You will help to 
coordinate scripts, programme outlines, budgets 
and negotiations over castings financing; con- 
tracts etc. Good shorthand and typing essentiaL 
Age 20+. Please call 01-409 1232. 

■HHMi Beorultineni Consultants 


p rDgraM>WBndtaaitatooo« g»i il ta ton.youwaba8aMnB« 

topWMl w u rtng at trawl and meeting atiang gmanta ran 
sSooWy and mg can of Moretmtal tatoa - Sanw r lev* 

434 4512 

Crone Corkill 



A temporary secretary is needed to be responsi- 
ble for the Associations work on Assistive Aids 
to Communication fix- Speech-Impaired people. 
Vacancy arises because of maternity leave and 
may become permanent. Salary NJC scale 2-4 
(£7,023^9,030). Job description and application 
form available from the Office Manager, 
RADAR, 25 Mortimer Street, 

London WIN 8A&. 

RADAR to «n equal EppenwUrtM wnpiwnr. 



MD and Chairman of PLC require experienced 
and responsible sec/pft- Sense of humour essen- 
tial together with good skills. Own office, 4 
weeks botiday- Hours 9*5. Top salary. Possibly 
suit mother returning to wok. 

Tal Mr* Tmagfa m 01 629 0113. 

aw Aawmi 



require a 



This leading French perfume company re- 
quires a waft-spoken, smart secretary with 
a pleasam personality to work for their two 
UK Directors. Applicants should be experi- 
enced and have excellent skills, the ability 
to organise and must be flexible. 
Excellent working conditions and benefits. 
Salary negotiable. 

Please apply in writing enclosing a C.V. to: 
Mrs. J. Cartwright 
Nina Ricci (UK) ltd., 

6 Brook Street Hanover Square, 
London. W1Y 1AA 

No A gencies 

xlizobeth Hunt 


£ 10,000 

Our ciiem. suppliers of high quality classic and 
beautifully designed clothing, seeks a secretary 
to their chief executive. Your role incorporates 
secretarial/admin and PR responsibilities and 
plenty of client contact with VIP’s. You should 
be very well presented with a stable senior 
level background and 100/55 skills. 


£ 10,000 

Join one of Europe’s largest property compa- 
nies as PA/secretary to a senior executive. He 
is a super boss and needs uou to co-ordinate 
bis busy office and maintain first class 
relationships with all his clients. Beautiful 
offices and opportunity to attend word 
processing course. 100/50 dulls needed. 

Efizabeth Hunt Recruitment Consultant 
18 Grosvenor Steet London Wl 0V-2K) 3531 J 


The City Needs You 
We Need You 
You Need Us! 

We DOffT offer holiday pay (with strings attadwft. 

We 00 utter 

* Top rates to match yoor sides 

* Regular assipments 

* Professional advice and support 

Come aid mate trends in the CRy. Wl Man®. Tafl tar 

about you and you needs. She wifi ted you about us and 
oucs. You can do each other a power of good! 

Telephone 01’606 



RecnHtment Consultants IHBNMP 


SENIOR SECRETARY with good secretarial 
skills in audio/ typing required for the Registrar 
of this multi-faculty College. Usual secretarial 
duties inc. initiating own correspondence, inves- 
tigations of a siatisii cal /n on-statistical nature, 
routine administrative duties. Adler electronic 
typewriter and ICL word processor. 
TIVE OFFICER required for Registrar's 
Examination Section, work involves all aspects 
of degree examinations in Science subjects, use- 
ful opening for University Administrative 
Career. Salaries for both posts on scale £6993 - 
£9146 inclusive. Generous holidays, season tick- 
et loan scheme, excellent conditions. 

Application forms and further details for the 
above two posts are available from the Regis- 
trar, University College London, Gower Street, 
London WCIE6BT. Telephone 01-837 7050 ext 
269 for details of Senior Secrmary post and ext 
781 for Executive Officer/Senior Executive Offi- 
cer posL Closing dated: 12 May 1986. 

£ 11,000 + 

A young and fast sxpanSng consultancy (owned by City 
sooitors) and located near Fleet Street reaves a wen 

organised efficient, ambitious a d n eni sba toi to keep the of- 
fice running as fast as the consultants. 

You wiD join an energetic town, dealing with efients from aR 
areas of business, indust ry and Gove rnme n t You wiO be 
responsible for all office aDiwestralion (much of A comput- 
erised) are! management, mdudtoo supervision of won! 
processing operators and acting as PA to ail six consultants. 
Abtty to work under presstre and to use mtiaiivB is essen- 
tal and will be rewarded with a stimutanng cseer and 
excellent future prospects - so. if you are over 25. possibly a 
gradate, with a good sanse of humour are! plenty of stami- 
na apply in the first instance with a CV to: 


London WC1E 7AA 

Public Relations 


This is an excellent new position, within a highly 
successful and fast expanding PR set-up. As 5ec/R\ 
to top-ranking account executive you will cultivate 
contacts and help to generate increasing growth 
from new and existing business sources. Lots of 
scope for development, for someone with good 
typing (60 wpm). rusty shorthand and preferably 
some PR experience. Age 20-25. Please telephone 
01-409 1232. 

■■■■ta Recruitment Consul Unto i^Hrerei 

A Time to Temp /TEMP IN THE CITY 

What do you look for from temporary world High 
rewards, certainly —bur more besides.' The question is 
valid, because in ooda/s market, you do have a choice. 
Our own temporaries form an exclusive, high calibre 
team: ocr clientele amongst the mast prestigious in 
London. With good skills, quite frankly you can make 
good money anywhere. But if you want the best, in 
every sense, then give me a calL Sara Dyson, on 01-493 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London Wl 

(Recruttment Consultants) 



Adninstraiion Officer required by a leading, in- 
ternational body of professional accountants. 
Responsibilities include word processing, servic- 
ing a small reference library, telephone 
enquiries, and general office duties. Commercial 
office experience desirable. Salary c £11,000. 
Please apply to: 

Mike Walsh. Head of Technical Services, The 
Chartered Association of Certified Accountants. 
29 Lincolns Inn Fields. London WC2A 3EE 
01-242 6855 



We urgently need to recruit experienced and adapt- 
able staff to complement our busy expanding 
temporary ream. If you have excellent skills - espe- 
cially wort processing and xa looking for a variety of 
assipiments m areas of London paying top rates 
of pay + holiday bonus please telephone Brenda 
Stewart arc 




Fitel is a New York company with a new comput- 
er based settlement system for international 
securities trading. It is opening a London office at 
46/50 Gun Street. Smithfield. El. and seeks a 
very capable office administraior/secretary to 
help a small highly qualified multi-national team 
get the London operation going 
Please ring either Alex Heaney (01-257 
2375) or Rtel (01-377 5373). 



Secretary for Chartered surveyor. Ideal opportu- 
nity to utilise your new skills. Small company, 
varied duties own office, 4 weeks holiday, good 

if you have good shorthand, audio, copy typ- 
ing or word processing skins we'd vary much 
Bke you to join our City temporary division. Ws 
handle a variety of interesting short and long 
term assignments for many famous name 
efients and wouid now Re to increase our 
applicant register. To discuss your require- 
ments and availabfity please telephone Fiona. 


S. 23 GoBegeHS London EC4 0F2<I0 3551 > 

High Profile 


TNs is adenandmg utterly absorbing Job within rhe’big league' 
of international property hiwstmem. As Secretary/PA to 
Senior Partner in ooe of London's top p rofessionaJ companies 
you vrill liaise wtdi VIP diems. axsrtDrace tnforrotion/dLsaa- 
’Jon/ action on investment opportunities and handle adminis- 
trative follow-through. Secretarial experience in a pressured 
commercial environment is essential. Good education and 
confident skills (95/60) also requested. Age 24+ . please 
telephone 01-493 5787. 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London Wl 

(Recruitment Consultants) 

AU the above posts need 
good shorthand A/or typing. 






1 1 1 1 < ■ 



Dynamic station to the Eu- 
S^and general 

«MroteSus 8 a!SmS 

Yak MrsT 

os 01 629 0113. 

(No Asoicia) 




Ulti be 



p 10 2 

} — 






:is fer 




.-s crc, 







mhtis- J 



ul Mr 








FWrvjrTi ii m 



Top Jobs £or Top People 

SfJSSf SrSSM&*‘ “ ' ” 

2Z£Er& SETSfaS*flSS« 

™ - - 

Spunky of a lifetime, contact Director, Secretaries. 

Ring Stella Boyd-Carpent er on 

' 01-629 9323 

c£ 12,000 + bens 

iSamf ^JaJS*aJ5. 2E£ 

S£i25 S3® *22* “ ssS 

3* Easing wG clients andprap«Tnfl 

Sgr documentations. Age range early to 

mid 20 s. Please ring: 

588 3535 



«rt 3 s*Srjaa 

Top Mn «* *•» P **£L„ 

“ s2K? 

KSSS. FoTTd^ed person this is an absorfnn* and 
immensely satisfying apP° ininienL Peraoiwsl Consultancy 

reSSred as well as a liking for PWP«- 

Ring Stella Boyd-Carpenter on 

01-629 9323 


Covent Garden U P*° E9 ’ 000 

3 SJW * 

rz^ s Ls a s^ e ^ jsm 

excellent basic secre *^l a effectivelv word processing 

*« »xzxs %*«« » w 
srflspsn** 1 * 5 **. 


it imn are interested in extending your /Vt • 

L 5 i ^ rt£&* ■ ffUm. 

companies, send a Camculom Vitae to. 

Robert Johnston, r 

Personnel Department,^ Uaimmima 

Mercury CwunMMUL MferCUlY 

go Long Acre, London wuz w. coww uw cjbiows^ , 

harity Orgams 



90/60 wpm required for a small dynamic 
team in offices, overlooking Regoite Park- 
Excellent prospects. 

CV ’s plus letter in own handwriting to. 

Phriippa Vemon-Powefl, 
Woodside Communications, 

1 Cambridge Gate, 

■ R6gents Park, 

London NW1 4JN. 

. " (lslb agencies) - . 




T. 1 M l T B_P. 

588 3535 


Crone CoikiU 

Recnittment Consultants 

IB Eldon Shoot EC2 

£ 11,000 neg 



do not need 
„rt-hand or audio 
ills but you do need 
processing and 
,, orate finance ex- 
perience to join multi- 
lingual cosmopolitan 
teams in the corporate 
finance or swap areas 
f major international 

ity Bank- 

ravel arrangements 
etc. Subsidised mon 


Cky 377 8600 
West End 4397001 

Secretaries Plus 






to the MD and Chair- 
man of a property 
development pic m 
Wl. you will handle 
usual secretarial dui-j 

MD is ‘extremely good 

Age: 30’s. 

cay 377 8600 
WniErd 4397001 



A major new fora m tratnOToMwOTJ smrdunog you Q« 

n racunsi -.-■ufisire nflllx 

pr worn an — 




£8,900 + BONUS 

^mmedyiianae wjd oImv 

wmatKaul tratoQ “2 1 
where Untunes “"55™?“.? 
—nutes. You wdU » .* 


PA to. 
Managing Director 

to £10,500 c N.Condrm 

Oor diem has b*n efflbSshed Tor ototIW 

vears and markets high qoahtyfumrnire, 

Sth a T/O exceeding 

rapidly. The company has received tne 

Royal Warrant. , , 

The Managing Dircc^ 

AssistantrohSp him with the 
of his business affaire, berespocusibtefar the 
control of the general office -and to be- very 
muchUrrolvedm aU facets of the day-to^y 
business. This will indude enstomerton 
and the maintenance of personnel records. 
You will be working in a very busy and 
stimulating environment. 

Yon will be expected to provide a 
secretarial service. You should possess 
confidence, organisational ability and be 
self-motivated. Age 30+. - 
The company offers , the usual benefits 
including free medical insurance. 

Plane write, with CV ref3Z5, 

to Mr T. P. Wtlbam 

* Management & ! 

gVTj A Recruitment Consultants 
I 19 Brinon Street 

London EC 1 M $NQ. 
ASSOCIATES LTD. Tel: (01) 250 0003 


For Chairman of small Mayfair property 
SSSd. telex, immediate sum, sakuy 

#SSi* R* c Hawkins m01-4°8 0061 

* (No ■»*nc»rt» 


assistant to n 

Of -man but ntotooabv «f- 

jmno pfofr»o«vil 

tmewnt wm a , 

UNO) »-« WW 7 H * t 


CB.T90O. RM »«•■“ &** **’ 

aso i«w • 

• wawmoii. 


TV Administration mtperience 

advertising SEC. NO S/HMW 

Lovely opportunity tor young Secretary- 


... be el hlered to y«K 

f pkan «S «. 

14, Sooth HWton St. Wl 
T^ai-48 8 15S8. 

- bat ft. waY* worth OTfe^rtog . 

*0 JLTwdW WbiN WW "PSf TO-1 «r-?r» 

’pWVM? Sx&L. 

wu Ha WW8 1 ” 


^£^^ SS ^' nMaT,8 '” , “ a 


4 mary 


sra-KSS^ 01-734 7282 


(Senior and Junior) 

&£ 52 ssrsSsZZ 

Hobday 5 weeks. Salary negotable. Profit sharing 

C.V. to: Margaret Baovto. 

b EAQ, 1 Now Bond Street, 

London W1Y 9PE. 

ifflffissrra ABTflaowfWKEB®'- 

berofthaC&K Consulting Group 


Harassed head of Per- 
sonnel seeks nqhlhand 
nerson. Shortnand «■ 
soniiai as is the aoiluy to 
communjcaie at all les- 
eis A hr9h decree of 
confidentiality is re- 
quired losemer with 
excellent presen tation - 
Ottering £9.700. spons 

and social club plus STL. 

01-636 4000 
Allas Emp Agy. 



required for nu^ unfair 
practice. Salary nc-9«i 

Please reply CV ' lo • 
Mr U D BrBOflh. Su* J, 82 
Portland Place. London Wl. 



"ary. Owa ^horinaivd and 
lipmo« &«d kn^-l 

™mv<h Freeman am anlW 
E.weUem ^larv. 

MMt P*“»* m ' rn 1261 


The Hot air BaUoon Co. 
urgently need on enBinsi- 
astif. imflappeble- werv- 
tary TeceplKmtM for nteir 
mundlnf Fulham wiice. 
Basic oookkeepinv aj« * 
sense of timnow *n ads’*"; 
ia«». Salary £7.500 + 

Call 731 6151. 


Oppon tor nraw 
linu, ana exp" an 
C-rfMOk' ol 

OU*. aspects ot Prooertv Sates 
rrseas. BtilWh arrt 
Tunestiarei. Te WJ" JSJT 
■jnjit but hard WJW'S" 
m Wl >fiowrooni otlice. "nw 
ranoe Irani Initial 
rum Pi el ion o« 

r,r n pun sains MiV, ' ,,,, 
,eni Willv e«P ot 
.null EMJle i5'-^S , .. BS n £SL 
wriii'i* Apptic enh P*«^y 
-wlincv and pnote il pow*Ok 




^01-223 8111 

stage struck 

BnnM. capable an-1 
. ,ounq siiortlwnd 
,32*1 v. ill, ai lease 2 years 
isanncr required JuhW, 

Imppv and bw com oa- 

ns LuMd ,n JL, H,>n IS?lS? 
Th^alio FadoWus unices 
we rk UmiMj-Uv 
.-u^t sarted- Super tub wjjh 
rtrnts n» optwrt'nbK' JW me 
rnjm piffon. ixaiary C®-® 00 

pipage ring Giselle 

on 01-431 =n=s 


$ 21,000 Tax Free 
+ Full Benefits 

Adventurous. hgM, sUled 
and sed-SuHKWlt? 

Tha Ens>«sb Mameng DwetW 
needs lw» to onjans«ma run 
ha Dttws n Oman . Tte a a 
unene wyetiente win King •> 

tt» Enaw Busmass watoBti 
mi swnMmg WmowSare. 
A» 25 - 35 

please send CV and photo ttr 


Secretary to Groap Finance Director 
SBC eat aB figure Sort. Wscretou 
aud Couuuwi sense essential. 

Ins outer Otrav * 'Su^^BoiHins art dcowas. o*wiwg to*' 

lootfitw notaan *' overton 
SISf'aSSMSSS on 01-734 7282 

£ 8,700 

Move in la me hlghij-juc- 
C cssful atmosphere or a 
well Known drinks co 
where your peraonalit* 
can make a maror win- 
but ion The orqatiKatiwi or 
4 humorous Account Man- 
ager* »rov»e scope and 
onapeeb wlthl1 ?,. 
particul ary jnnicUve 

Ceneroto d»wuM9 , “- 

sound secneiartal skiila- 

CaH Julian Hanford 

on 283 1555 

JUNIOR PA 28,500+ 

Carwr progreswon and 
supert benefit a«a«* n 
ambitious voting se pot- 
ari witnin th*s pcfiS^S 1 " 
Merchant Bat* 

Total irwoJvemeni wfl hv 
duoe ptenty o* “"“2 
tiwtop tow* *«» 
d your 2 young bossw- 
For excellent presentat- 
ion and sound 
-has the ganerous pac*- 
age indudeS SlA»«*s*l 

g 1-223 1555 


£10,500 + Mortg. 

Verdure Capital area. Cit y 
I American Ban*. <s recnatovg 
| a PA who nril be involved in 
jtfciw end research mio 
snufl comoames. There w» 
be a great deal ot co ntact 
with UK. and USA denes. 
Ties cost « a steppevg stone 

10 future scope wtfim Bw 
Bank- A lewis. sMbrl nfni. 
Age 25'= 30, 

430 1551/2653 

T Vilcie^ nipson 

Ae jvppwpunran 




Young 1i*ef> . ^TYiamic 
nrcamsjuon requires Admin 
VMiani with ‘-wwnal 
hatkvrcund. Nou will nc m- 

,„tW-d in ihv orfaitisawn ol 
lund raiwng events f® ,lw 
ahiliiv 10 wut* on o»n iru na- 
il' c cvsenual "p ^ 
h>> AvepntJ. . u «fuVNon. 
smnkvT. Safari ncpouaW^ 

Cotnart Linda McDonald 

01-235 7055 



a ntaw European Comcelfr 
Manutacamr -. we urgen tly >*■ 
dump a untfit. presmaoie «ung 

ivn* l» bnmr 1K. Crr t 

SALES OFFCE. Ty»"o 5™ 1 
outgoing pwwnaWv essential. 
AuokeaboM uy WWeB UK 
hr-J BTs anee loGonlon Neeiy on 
01^53 3177. 

Mju pw ita e IctcraMttan 

CNMN mEmWI I Segr lone, 
leadan EWA 1BR 


required for bus? 
trade Association _E\- 
ecuuvc. Offices 
within close pro\imi- 
tv of Channg Cross 
and Erobankmcni sta- 
tions. SH.- Audio anJ 

\\P skills desirable. 

Phone 01-930 36 il. 
ask lor Director Gen- 
eral (No accncirti 


Circa £ 9,000 

Young panrwrsliip requires 
3 n inreicsiL-il and «!*«- 
ciKL-d Audvj Secrcuo wiu» 

k'P kiHtftfL-dge HT 

Incmflv nlficc. Full seercian- 
a! dulio in'vil'oJ. 

Comaci JanKc P«£ **■ 

01-580 0932 

(No agencies] 

Vfetwi Enit CJMtl'TWI 
■..■,rv r«iulre -in \rro>mw 
TVPI'I Must hate prriMHE. 

.■'prTHIK,- ol h »"« BJ>anrr 

«ih.^t.--UrPunl» ^od l ,Mn ; 
,ui sjaioiumi* und _« 
opr, din, >i j-w-rd 

r..rca t vooo « PA 
\v r uil,-n Appiirnitow to 
LlJNCON' WlP ejh. 


PR (£9,250 

Wl CO requires a smart, 
weU presented PA/sec 
22+ with good slufis to 

assist an exec. You WiU 
become . totjly. re- 
volved with advertising 
and PR functions. So- 
cial graces and good 
admin skiUs a must. 



A lop flight PA/»ec 28+ 
required to startup the 
UK. operation of ^ in- 
ternational s 0 ?™??® 
house. It is essential tte 
person « we “ 
organised, _ has good 
suite and is a people 
person. Tte powton 
will become totally in- 
volved and need 
someone who e njoys 
working under pres- 

“ 01-935 8235 




Jobi oca of the largest wd 
textile ffisisiteJiiras n Eu- 
rope and be based kite* 
pnstoous West End offices 
SSoi foe* Chief Execu- 
fivs «am. Tte is 8 great 
oppomnly to be m a yang 
ml forty owironment and 
make use of your excellent 
shorthand, typeig and admit 

tf you have mttimura of two 
years secretarial experience 
and have mrtod * director 

wp slJb^^>g. I BM. Wordpte O together witt 1 2 


Am' vou looking to consoOdato your skHjs to an 
and ctiaHanginft onvirpnment? W so. 

of coortSriat- 

Inn Mviferences, assisting whti deatfflnes and 
a Aii bfatra iion. H you are a good communicator 

ninHEWe TBMT m lt«W» 


■LONDON EC4M9EH. TEL: 01-489 0889 







WC2A 3PN reqwv an expen- 
enced PA/Secretay » P»J 
small team «rlwQ Msn- 
oodqrs Seaetana. Tte 8 j 
busy varied post atadi mdudB 
sBvcaig and tAng 
commfflBe mertaiflS. ShonhamL 
auki BHl«iwae typ«o « 
senwl. WP an adwnoge. Salary 
neqolaMe Vrtliin d* scale 
EBJ4I - E10L271 m. W wwatF 
ply m «ntmg to Mss M. Bennett 
a toe abtw address. 




Require enthusiastic, 
well presented efficient 
Secretary with a pleas- 
ing personality. Good 
telephone manner and 
accurate typing essen- 
tial. The right ' person 
will be rewarded with 
a good salary. 

Hauiitoai •mW* 

The PA/Secretary » «* 
Twasurw or a pnalortaw- 

nauaiMi company, win ns 

bead office to Hmaner- 
smith- has been promoted. 
IT you can weak nuaU 
French, can nanrDelOO- 
worn. English stowthand 
and do not faint a* the 
SUM of Ogum. you cmSd 
be the one lo stop w» hw 
shoes, in addition to secre- 
lartai duties, toe work to- 
vobres totophontop U«e 
Parts office, dtoctwlnfl 
sharedeais and coienvitu - 
cattofl wtto banks. 

Benents Include umarer- 
stop of an indoor sports 
dub. Preferred ape »»■ 

174 New Bond Street Wl 

j£*\ Secretaries 

to *1 ,e. -.-.-nr-ICarWil-.' 

I Jrv A Q1 TlOn 


For old ewahitwed P«raie 
Srhooh ComoaiWs smau. 
tKBy bul conUfnied Team. 
Responsible *or l*» acrounU 
and uatson wdh pareMs ad 
vtwols. Sound but ample 
boM-kenwg and secretarial 
Mil, needed Mu* tael and 
common sense. Otd lajj- 
toned comfonaMe office with 
agreeable hours and 


Salary around £9.000. 

Wrtle please whn Cv and de- 
taUS of two referees m. 

H you want a position wrin 
prospects and ereoy ayoung 
erwiionment pm bps ou 
company wtm wU pnwwe 
you vntti a Jumof lor cm- 
load typing leaving you dear 
lo concentrate on rtie arimm- 
tstmbva ydc. You rrua 
enpv bwnj busy and want 
to feel an ntEnrrt pan of an 
otmresatiw. You wdl use 
'native aid use ytu-baac 
wofli pracessmg experience 
■For iiee BlIPA Anri SI Ws a 
day. call LYNN- LAIf 
oa 2?I*H172 • 

TOfOK*HS««™+' nC,l * tn "™ > 


£11^M>0 + Mortg 

Dynamic young General 
Manager. City American 
Bank ts seeking a right 
hand PA. HJa PA w*D as- 
sist with recruitment/ 
peraonnnei and deputise 
for Min whilst he Is 
abroad. He travels in Eu- 
rope and his responsibi- 
lities include overall 
management of toe Bank 
tn toe UK. suns 100 /7a 
Age SB - SS. 

430 I551/2G5S3 



A newly a sated poaaon tor a 
bnoM secretary who has (hwe 
aid amOroor. Assrstmo a 
dynamic young ftrecmt you w* 
Bums rcsoonstortty lor a 
vanety d office and admn 
tunchons. The conttmanon d 
<w pereonaBy and conWentq 
until sound commereal 
exponencs «tf gam you career 
and aamra grnemcti. Luxunous 
offices and good bendta. 
100/60 21 +. 

17A Newman Sbattt 
London Wt _ 

01-637 2552 (Rec Cora) 

SEdttWRiaL uto* flT 


Bt- lingual 
(French) PA 

Imematiorial traders 
look for imetnotiond 
thinkers and our efieot, 
one of the fastest 
growing commodity 
trading groups, is 
looking for a PA to the 
Managing Director. 
You must have English 
and French shorthand 
and be able to keep 
pace with someone 
who combines policy 
making with active | 
tratfing. This is a genu- 
ine opportunity to 
create a career and be 
re w ard e d accordingly. 
Probably aged 25-30 
the initial salary pack- 
age is envisaged at 

Please contact 
Joanne Gregory. 

LiOI-491 1868 


£9500 Neg. 

Tire Sates '’MarMung Di- 
rector ot an tntemaltonal 
Company, one of the lead- 
ers to Die neld of modem 
TccMow to a pleasant 
West London local ton. 
needs your bUtogual 
speaking and shorthand 
skffls. u Is a busy and live- 
ly environment. 

Benefits Include excellent 
boUday endUenrem and 
restaurant. P r e f erred age 
SOK - 

International | 
Secretaries 1 






v Orov 

- . u _ * ' 

H vou »«* la vat » noma g. 

* MV9N. S bta nwnmi Ml rah 
- ««« CCH Mir Ki&sms, 

.. tM-950 l»673»g||J6S 

ton Moot. KHU tnri iril ck 
Ml b> • imuiiw 
IMMI .lMd wtMM real 
vriaca Fua got mini hpm 
ma- modem bMIunnui 

CnuM. imam aw to l»a 
SHViS**" 1 . Park* m iw 
toa«r biijhir iw mm cauair 

Tdretmr gn n( mo 2 S 7 a 
•nJWPWWOODi ham pmgg 
■“to** If ••"O'* -»h» Q Ml «Ofv 
I*««wiwt» i imwtM 

imm. irwknit 


MA 1D49 kwl Ml* 01-2*9 
6740 H «Q0k 

f» « ra bE£ 

55- tomm. mtato 

y»" >««m ue. hum*. 

22m*Si * *S5£ : 

. ffwsj&rur* ■** 

Fto. tor Man, 

2£T 33 “S*- *»■ Man,. 

*7« 1* harm. 19* toanm. 1 

SSI **£*•*. OCR"** -*c i 

* itoNMn Mat*. 

jmAJlP 1 w " r toivrr anh - 

H 1 . SI’S? ©* 

Oi wr-Tgoa fcirtaaa „<? , 

VTCTOfllA lJlKK. ftu tinnw k 
hdV Mt irtrai XEnTrawto 
f hl wSS. «K2 
Bow* am loutmun era*. 
!r!f",'S?5! F ■<■ w lanuama 

"iJ E « 'SSS - 01 ”» iw« 

»iWW»Tl| UMHW 
"■h^^hiato fintmon. | 
*f towav 3 arm. 

■ toch. animinm 
ma L530QO THOI SllUU 

[hlial ItoMgdUrmrp 

amm M m Mn gd h-U och 
WWOTN & -fasr SOT* 

»««W Sta « ut 

* 'eitor tor hud wrap, pm 

^•wjmwa*. 122>rs ke * , 

Cia CCOO tok a OOUiQ -2861133 , 
■“ MX Jut 4 down Mt nr. 
»*f- «w » not NwiMrr i 

caaooo ot «omi. m 255 

*jd»rt V; 



Experienced Secretary (25+) required Tor head- 
quarters ol ihis leading univeraitv insiiiution. 
Wcll-cdticaied. adaptable, meticulous and -with a 
taste for variety, pressure and team-work vou 
win need first class secretarial skills (WP ilscr 
preferred), good telephone manner and organ- 
ising ability. Work involves contact at all lev-els. 
support for the Governing Body, supervision of 
a small active office. 

Salary in range £6993 - £8092 inclusive, good 
working conditions and facilities. 

For further particulars write or telephone to 
Iona Graham-Watson. Sherfield Building. Impe- 
rial College. London SW7 2AZ (telephone 01- 
589 51 1 1 Ext 3014). closing date 2i April 1986. 


A leading auction house requires enthusiastic 
junior secretaries to work in their picture, books 
and manuscripts and valuation departments. 
The successful applicants will have excellent 
typing and communication skills and preferably 
word processing experience. Shorthand would 
he useful but not essential; Starting salarr circa 
£6.300 - £7.300 plus benefits. 

Please send your CV to: 

The Personnel Department. Sotherbys. 
34-35 New Bond Street 
London W1A 2AA 

cons e rvative mr imbin 

du-li idilM sorti* h«l low 
PV betrelarv lor rlMiKmamg 
mb-ritaing an* lanrd uprk 
ck-«<mg with European. West 
mm-tot and ComWuaoci 
mallei s Salary C9.O00 Pet 
vnnutn Pluw IMA *Ml CV 

turn Swrrtov./ Partner 
imnin ol surrorafid prraweti 
de-rmpmeni ronwanv reoutre* 
mimIkmi to aula tomiaw uthf. 
abinart ret 08M.JSM78 

mm SEC ■ vou win h iking 
and hoi km« m Lannroir m 
wing rhr «**■» manjtorr el r 
irnlidlt end MjnPMIUl Will 
■MiMin This n m jYaiinj 
reteior a iwngw dH-26i.llu- 
nit IB Spanish with acnvaie. 
-kill- 1 80 4£i contort Tracy 
rnim Ol Ml IMI Price 
jaimvoo A Partner* Ret Cow. 


hut to thr Dirertors el a 
PR Marketing CO Of a casino 
a dup. vou will rmov a bust, 
varied tot Shorthand typing 
and lot* d* irtepBonr Immou «id 
mourn*! no Ago 19 Kk: 

mooo Call «o 7001 

Lnd.W 377 8«» ■&!» i S«Te 
um Pint • The Secretarial 

HOT P R OP ERT Y! - «nall lanult 
iompan\ vpek voting tvtirtary 
in nr»l« appomieo -partner. 
> on miii imp to *et up iwemt 
■liling. bunk niwiwM etc* 
and Ihptegtiet co-ordmaleancl 
oruanne tin businew Irfe- Good 
I* ami rvUTUUI Age 1«- Sala 
ii {.7.500 nog PiMvetotoe 
01 493 5797 Cordon Vouri 

PA SCC £11.000 - miBi y wlor 
maiiagcfnenl wrt eweriPitre 
•migni m Moot mator induun 
di igoup Vou flodd *to»e 
prmm oraaniMng iWP. higll 
mot n anon and mecatwio tor 
unnlwnnrio in the dertoon- 
niAiMIPorM Eocetlenl (Aalto 
rvmM hM* "Wfh 
phone 01 009 12*a Tl»e Work 


«k t> T hour* OM ■ o* * '•ton 

rial* tor bow Conference 
OluamulMn U 1 1 kill W»wn 
and metuutoiM «*Hn good DP- 
mo and wiw o I tiumoor Long 
irrrn l«np booking on lop ran* 
* hmirtiK P«ka9e Call 
» lain n Cam . Dllire CkertoM 
A«* 01 229 9240 

fa smoU wed ml Arctmerlur- 
ol pro* he Would mdt ro«fVf 
lea*rr C7.000 M Tel 01-006 
5812 (or mimediaie mtm lew 

keting I ram o4 UW world 
rmoi.ned . drink* to reuutre 
tmtgot ng and confident sec < no 
ton lo. hew run Him tamnatnig 
but busy depL Largi useful but 
not nsenuai C8.DOO ♦+ pa. 
\terrow taw Ad 17110 U» 
guapr Special Bb> Ol 636 1«07 

nVEWBET IMpnil rrrppQuntu - 
tiimor tecretarv reguned lor. 

. tonall Md t>u»-_ marketing bated , 
. . <ontodtoncy .5W*_ Age 31e 
Milti good typing, tetcphwte 
manner ana abdUy » w 
onn imiWne. OK* E7-000 
neg- Ring Catherine MoBer on 
Ol B39 7031 . 

im top name magame pubtan- 
. et. to v.ork jii me' lieu of 
ronMimer uivnbgauom. Inier ■ 
etoma. mvotimg emu-onmnit. 
Good ptiwprcts (or lotiger term 
adianrenteiu. You RwUluir 
IM. oreuraw opmg. Age !9* 
Solan C7-2SO* WNSilto. 
phone 01-493 6797 Gordon 
> atei Consultancy 

Cxnttng rhanre lo me a 'm 
sutcevdui. weH unt pubian- 
ing (orapany a w 1 as 
Editorial S reman- Good 
in Ivp (kill* >90 dOkWPhtop- 
ful and pubbamng eameneure 
rwniiii Age 20-29. 6a*arv lo 
C9.000 Please ring «* 0612 
done Corkdl . RecrtoUnent 


M<o»n PUMMM 09 house, (wed 
m the kra End. hate a number 
oi (etretanal xarancie* « Sf- 
mar ManagemeM met. They 
are a inendiv and NKormai 
romoanv and JiwgwlJjeVfiWJ- 
Hlir ml people. StoM» 90 66. 
audio, k P exp useful. Age 
open. Caroline Kins Aoptk 01 
499 B070 


ii ain e AkNirl ■ secretory hi 
motk with Scientific Mertlngi 
Off km in Royal College . Mwft- 
<ai Set tor » London SWI. 
Outlet uhi include wide tang- 
ing brtp m "°* TO **!*?? !* 

uilemal and . external 
yn i ■ >ai t MeMnw itncludmg 
anenoante at etent* rotwyn- 

eial Secretarial Oftoe 

admimtoTamm. Wed eduraied 
pmenhibh- randtdMfk > earn - 
mtd 20 ‘s i '!u« l “*S 
«%ork experience, (ound JWH 1 
snontiand il p oo ri W * * Salarv 
SSrguiC nr 
TrMmm Managing Dweetor. 
VlatotS Cnrulh* aflecbon. 
IDO Baker London ki 

T et oi ms OKI- 



NaHona! firm a ( agricUW- 
aVCornnwcM Buntayon 
w»uir«* an 

Panmnal Socmtary {«««- 
hand and audio) tor >Sanw 
Pwtnar fcw«*md in rural 0S- 
w» agancy and wgfl ***~ 
man* «*, 

as part of a Road Rtoocajr 


81-629 7282. ed 234 


13 m Street 
Berkley Sqo«tt 

London Wtx 8DL 

(No agencies) 



uownr S7BM0 AW 

The hodnu nmneni s snu- 
ittc tn w mo boor qf a new 
own mock pa 3 ms tram 
tuba, posiwy to echieewttiul 
««*"» W Lo»o«go«M.P»* 

IMU parking TJOjMgT ' 

__ 0*H Ortf £01 000. ' 

T*fc 01-388-7089. 


asviocmjMc- tun 


imndaiotoi ctoraca 
*w»J m MOELmna 

Pmmo mt tnod *w ooh 


Conveyancing by City Solicitors 

For buying or setting your borne in the usual 
way. we charge £280 (+ V.A.T. and distwne- 
mcntsV for prices up lo. £60.000. Please 
idephone us for a quotaiion on figures higher 
than that. We can abo help you find .a. 



TELEPHONE: 01-248 0551 


wp iiicp dpshanR tnm 

Bwfmi iPumJ [wnra w n 
ig»tuai re gul n n i boom 
mow pnraroremnf Norto 

wen and cmtfral L a ba a n 





Two beautifully inlerior decorated 
and famished flats adjacent lo the 
prestigious Savoy Hotel. The apart- 
ments enjoy the advantage of all the 
Haleb facilities, if desired. 2 dble 
bedims. 2 bthmtm. fully ftd kiL 
dbJc reception. Garage at extra cost. 
£750*£8S0 per week. 

^ Mayfair Office: 01-829 4513 

• Wise range si guaMy tumished 
and untumijnefl ompeny 
• Pu« Management Service 


. ■ Legal Ta« Aquice 
I Personalised irvougn 

7 compute hrateo oHces 


Attraaive one bcdreom W®*2S 
floor flat in unusual devriopmen* 
converted from a school. Spaoous 
rooms with lofty ceilings, private 
patio. Parking bay. 

Available 6-12 months. 

£105 per week. 

Dockland 0»fc* 01-538 4821 J 

01-949 2482 


OOMUdUC count MS SufMraS btd BM ewtooo k PS P"bn 

pae». I Bto^fg Hw to a— ’ fl n*. lqp h. ai oucrungg. LA 

Saamraii m am a on a m rag. an fang emu c 

•tn asm w. aa mcwr. Snn pang toaf—t. tiro p .« 

RMOaBOraRKIARR tww OtoPCMM pan Amft bad ttn«9 AM 

StoM dUi Ri Wi Mi Rut torw wg du ut n — i wr SWtot 7 toufto ttSOCHra 2 RBMRI P ■ RUR ROgjatoBR. 

tlt i ifi RoR BMPc MM Ptoiwg ttg Tftwa bwiiiW Hwpwrw. w. u to yuw cr R g« 

MblDitb'aMkm l DMtoirra. U mh l hw. 2 Mfcxva. uvn* WCltoR todb ikram rao>- ;;.v mto 

T7 . . m - "” 53?"* 1 I MiiXiwinimRvfiTMaim m; 

■curg pang fecitou. C170 0 * I I « 0 bn|iBicfmf arnm ICMwrg. U omn. nqw. 2 Mm. wm* WC-&R “«* rese tot 
HKNMpMWkttol tmgim I I ggj lnu| L| U»AW 

|»SSSBE 5 r«Us:SS^ 3 Kar!fffJ!S 5 fflSSS 5 a^ 




Secretary with- good 
shorthand and typing 
for busy 'rentals de- 

Sense of humour & 
tmiauve essemiaL . 
Salary negotiable. 

& . 


01-584 5361 

£ 9,500 -■ 

Young. ' bubbly, 
chirpy audio secretary 
to work for the two 
Directors- of a small 
active estate agency in 
Park Street. Wl. - ' 
Reference LC. 
01-491 2700 

OL«M «. HfTOE. Mmtwt 
Bum. -Cwtr Wo'k' Sot n 
nonri* me oi Mgr to 

piDqirM- i» Orrrrtor toM 
» tvp 190 65. VP « ton 
IBM PC Full pa dear*. Age 
91- Td- S 49 3276- SurOnee 
M.0V Pomona 


U> are * busy 3 man con- 
«jlUnci' based In VCl. 
We. need a flexttle and 
krt prese nte d non-smok- 
big. individual aged under 
35 » support us - recep- 
tion. telephone, nm 
admin etc. . 

We Miff pus- from C&O 00 
+ generous botKta>'v bo- 
ms etc. 



at I LLord Ma fMB B MW rt 

if Bond St 

ectuAmeni Comunem 


CLAWWM COW. —■ Ml fum 5 dee 1 end at OCH tB0p« 
STRtATHAII COMMON MriS Aflrac 3 Md.« tow rm.en sum. 1 
M. R togR i w g Cl— M» gan- Mod bimane^i C1B5 p.» 
IEP 0M1T0W iee M wdBbtona mm. 2 CUe boas, l ihnrnn.ti i 
fluto. I Mtot EM- Ora CM- Cl SO pm. 

PUlHMi AM 1 M M * iM»on toek. Ami M Dec 55 £70 p w. 

Marsh & Parsons 


n—Ngimi Man sumr m 

UMFURW^HED ftn iarato Bbdh ana geronm floor 
tnMCitwM m wp np n g. 2 MR bads, s p aci ou s racaobon 
room, uetta. oa tfromn. aapanrn W.C. Tarraca and umgo- 
tiy. ponar. AIM now (or long Company m. ZZTS pw. 
fRCtadMig CH and CHW. 

01-937 6091 


S ara c tran of k« i-a bed 
huge Hats m rax pb brack » 
how porterage Dsey mara 
service. From Et75pw. long 
or snon lets. 


Lus iga Muao W. mns tram 
Narrods in pb brack Ldt A 
24 re poneraga. EtSO pw. 


Nr Portman Saara. Lfle. 
beaunfuby dee 1/2 bad flat. 
Lena or snort lets. Gga aval 


Brand raw rax ige t bod flat 
mpbbiodL E30QPW Long or 
■non rat ^ 



£10,000 + BMWfltA 

Tins praa»*9toi» J2S: 

compraty bMBdh W 
(air need an A raww 

salary wdh an w^r- 

ng nwto. « ” ™B8 
nwmoty and cbauw vn 
«f»w» “ 
senior axacuDves 



fashion and 


01-935 0678 


CtoM Dba. irady ban ml die. 2 
Mt bed flu in nc Hack. Ugta 
tacpL Wtfl lit IM Ms nnrttr/ 
tarn, n in pnl. D<o m mb- 

IhePrnpiTtv Managers 
01-221 HU 3X 


BeauMiJ Garden Flat 
Walking- distance from SMdsli 
Senoct. luHy-hawsbed vh 2 dW 
bsdratant. recsonon oral gamen 
aneoda «twigooi utn A kitch- 
en AS (acAhes toduftng TV. 
MOMSto tPOaura-wtw-flnfr 
Dwior B®tog 1 o> 2 yen 
test OT n» Avjon*e May 

Tel:. 01-741-9802 



I 01 -244 7353 . 

uwameMmur neemm' der» 
■ onto mnrm turn- turmhed 
lkit» him i 2 winik. mw 
rm. ISA Niiinn. 9 *.»!» mum 
LKing torrare. Mine mud set 
i ire Meat Ice long or Mori Jelv 
C190C590 pw fcJUUn. Ora 
nun LK, 564 3265. IB 

MoMpelHT Mrh*. SW7 

West End Ofnce 


PkW lrtr9MM> D 1-493 5787 
Gordon Von GomuHanc!-. 
opportuiHiv lor wrourv- t»a 
X'** to mn MM fMwioig 
American bank: WP and snort- 
lund wins needed. Frrr tanctw 
rheop mongagr ffrCH 377 
5600 -Cttu or 439 7001 iwm 
end i Serrttonn Phs - The Sec- 
retarial ConsuHoms. 
SHI OirtrtM W Otg need* 
p\ %tt lor Umw Marketing 
manager. 21 2STtoi ereferred. 
IBM PC Midtimaie package 
.uill crow- awn and nUerKHna 
eanonai lor non* mm- Super 
mm Jos rr Omnei* 589 
8507 0010 'R*r Con*l. 
fum* LEAVOI Mr up mar- 
ket group « HC2 Broken, np 
toMriiuno. wd Wm and 
Mrkqround. ParondaTOeieasr 
ant eniiromnem. Lot, ot 
eonsuieranan and BMTongi tn- 
sotsemMi tfc*» JW re 
diwm 689 6807 OOIO iRec 

COLLS OC LCAVn Ifftoh fee 
wnad Adsertiwra Cn 8 U 1 
dmtotolZadioTV tv Goodrdtt- 
raixM. rami' apprwrh and 
iNMnabir itraruumd Uamg 
nMkm a good slwl hub pros- 
perH C6.500 rartv review, 
torn Gmneto 689 8807 qoio 

•per Owi 

[Mfl5 COUNT to CT.OOO Hlg- 
(omnuHr neo me reirtre- "toll 

AlpseiPlH»mfte*»to WW«Mir : 

tt-Mui urm 

rOOMJlUttlh. 90 6* sk-db.iyed 

rd Wrasc tekPbon; Cloabeta 
Hunt Beerunmwt GonMnunu 
cm 01 2003551 -olkiorOl 2 *C 
33tl 5531 i»kc« FW>' 
rompan,' srairh produces b»d 
well .Knot* n maganne* » *e*jc 

ingaPA loaDirerfmr tmoned 

in a ton admw MH*-. swwit oe 
ramm «*• * rcMontoUe tunc- 
mm skUK to 60 «nm mi d. 
Ssnergs. Ihe ' ron ' 

huUnwl'. Ot 657 9535 9 

Ml Cxtn-mrti nnti 1 ned flat 
wills jrrru lo rormmirsJl gar- 
dens. irrep with potahni wood 
noors. 2 OWe Mta Beds. WC 
ku bfa« rm. bam stsosser. 
C200 ps» Coons. OI-82S 8261 

■ M d lM a Spaoous 3 bed. 2 
■ -nyna jpar sn w m ■» wn panorom 
nr siewi Parking spare, 
serunn CSOO pu Gomarl 
Llikun . Ln ing .01 689 9226 

CAMION NU, Wnl Hampstead 
o beds. Using rot. ui. break 
rwm. Ulli. ihoun Mud». ulil. 
gtoto vsC. esreueni same m 
sougM after nUM«a Work 
C360PSS- Bargeu 720 3i*dJ. 

nrmNATtoNM. executives 

1 r genus require nau- 4 Mouses 
m mural London from C190 lo 
C2-000 pu please rail 5aDv 
Ouen or Lorraine Campbell on 
Ol 937 9684 

KU* WESTMMSTtK, conse 
iw-lil Cits and H*« End Fulls 
turn kisut) double bedroom 
dal. o' looks gardens. Lgc reyrp. 
.. k - S CM. batons, parking 
CIpS pi*' Tel Ol 735 7943 



w w HOC* « Mm 1/2 Meroraa toon. 3 Bm-atm. npirar U 

6 ArimgtOT Street, London SW1A 2RB 

01-493 8222 


Amarus e snub flai nestis 
annum small fcuenen. sM 
■mg room -Mi dimng UMe M 
seal 6 a douwe bedroom 
uiin bam rn-suue. ci75o« 


Susan urns nouse nessls 

oor orated. 3 beds. I »aw. sit- 
ting rm 4 MIM lenm. 
ealMm to* I rar WOOph 

01-937. 9847 

IVtonsM 3 Mdraaoifil W floor 
W Mt to tmtpMC fflMHD 
Md. FMy MM naan. Fno. 
aurora t% E/Mi. no* non. 
ucran 2 (Me Mdwomv 1 to* 

,01*629 6604/^ 

01-MI 2867 

mw mhis pasM gdn Owe 
rec rm. 3 owe beds-. 
siuds sgie bed. tomih 
kit brk rm. 2 bams u m- 
sunei. long Ob M CSSOpu 
FUMUL nun. WC2 Brand 
nes. 2 nd Ur tn m heart ot 
Cbsetu Garden 2 bed*, ige 
rerep dm rm. bain 4 «n*r 
rm <o *k im ku. C325 m* 

Lux Ntows house. 2 dble 
beds. £400 pw. 

stum win (Die bod. garage. 
£290 pw. 

Brand new studro. Fi2S pw. 


The wv oea Tewrams Umflora* 
tome to us if you are lerflff or 
rBcwrmg a (ooc groomy m 
Ctnnai London laepnone no*. 

tents COO dw - £2000 gw 
long Snort Ws 


krt Asad 
KeaHs 58 

RENNK COUNT. 3 bedrni 
penilne eon- b mins s»alk lo ihe 
(Vi- SO 1 rerep » nine rm 2 
ham*. 2 tee let r rh FuUs fHku. 
mi space C3IO pm 
S ouinmain 430 1698 

stcll I Wove Park- Soanous 
period nooses 4 6 bed* Gar 
drm Lohg kHs asaiUMe UOO 
pss 01 29l 4676 

F.W.SAPfi ■\lanaomrnl Wes »es> 
Lid iPouHe pownie- in central 
v«th and s««l London areas 
mt v. ailing applnanlk Ol 221 

metre IMMD contan us not. 
on Ol 235 SBol lor Use orsl se 
muon of (urmsltrd llals and 
Houses lo rent in kinqhlsbnage. 
Kensington and Chetsca 

(UHawnitUbBE. spacious moo 
rnnls Turn flat osertookino 

Pel a OUr OMs. 4 bains m 
sinie. dWe rerep mod kil Asail 
mimed Rralis 36l 0012 

UWUN 'A NEWMAN Dnstomals 
A rsernutes uiqrnllv seek 

auafits - properties in ail mural 
\s esi Lmslon area* fnr aiirn 
lion pliw ling Ol 9J8 3*25 

MARBLE ARCH 2 bed lr»-n 
House 3 lloors Buw dining 
toun paho I tf to- let u> onls 
no aoroh C26500 per u »ek 
M- 01 763 7681 

MAVFAM OPp Ctartdpn. ntn.n 
detOialPd 2 DM flat 1 roerp. 
■win & »C 6 montns Co in 
£300' ptv Goddard & Smih Ol 
030 7321 

out (aptui oulins Tor 
mimed kHr sirs ire al allrartise 
pnee*-. n«g 'll 'hr hart 
■kornurs John «rand Con- 
irarts LHI Tel 01 -483 8615 
WEST DULWICH AKiartne. spa 
1 mis. newts turiusned ana 
euuioM 3 bedroom nousr Gas 
CH tureen, close toeUen -i* 
nrnisVirtona' ciESpss Tele 
pnone } Vs Lid Ol 749 2482 
WEST PWTMCT. Soanmn 3 bed 
» O lw t 250 pw 1 x 5 Super 2 
bed (Oh- preftj gdn Ortupkng 

£200 P« Lcrs £ Ord rial mlertor 

or-wtom C260 P- Tel Pippa 
Warren 785 6225 
luriemts seeking good auaui, 

irMal arrommodMion hi 

lenlral London Mr ssaihnd 
rompam umanis Ol -937 host 
m Londons b*to seMtipn M 
liivurs IUk and houses ice Ots 
term no trnanb Ring noss 01 
681 3i3* 

comm vac w mo n mhm 

Siumuitti 2 dm apart 011 in 11 
wHh l nr rrrpi- superb kn. and 
1 1 i«m™ C900 ps- ■ CP lei onK 

■ -431 ictol m 


connmu GAROSB SW7 £*- 
titmeiy sgn? modem Owe* 
nounc floor tuL f-rec Sec. 
Bail r*«(> kit E175 0 * rd 

|Hgi*v liimsnee in floor tm »o 
mi am oortpage Mac Sena 2 
daw a «ee* Lot Bw-m woe 
Bam recto ‘jny M u £250 im 
own rent or 2 nm raDWm- 

a*y lumiinec Mil train ? raw 
Bros. 2 Sams it en sirtei 
teces siucy iua> fa w. utility 
£250 pw 

01 581 7648 




Newly rrfurb m nr fid. 2 
dMr. 1 Ml beak. 2 reeeo. K * 
2 Vs. CHW inr,. EBSOpw. 
Go's only 

MayMr IH-M9 MM 


Bomw Penuwuse. 3 beds, 
rerep wdu nOMr. k * a. 
CCH CHW Ciaonw 
Co's only. 

WMI Loadoa 0140Z 24M 


Writ der 3rd fir (tat 3 beds, 
rerep. K * B CCH CHW 
CIbOiw Co's only 
Anica 01-434 mt 


Pretli 1 bed double IIOL 
uiUi rerep. ku and bam 
4\ ad now Mr long Co lei 


2 bed llal >vilh bate, lid Ml. 
Ige rerep and bain 4«ail 
not- im long k, CSOO.pu 

01 351 7575 






Letting & Management 

351 7767 


mg root (ere and rear 



The l.clling'Agenf 





S irvns Hamms Hyw terk 
Cnarcvng nous? r Qu>M Street 
cumowefy Tkirwnro w*m 
2 3 man. 3 4 pros 2'wms 
plus WC Bosch Mtcwa Gas 
CH IN um tumisnac l year 
Corral ny N £600 pw nd 
01-564 5799 Usual 


MBtolM UP. nwa. uonmouaty 
HpiMHMd 2MIUL recta. Rd 
hM. bain. Small Mock- tomato 
parking. A»aii now Mr op 10 6 
mUn. £200 pw incl.Trt: OI 23» 

HOLLAND MIM. Snarnus I Ota 
odu tral in prells situate Cl 55 
pu -in- Heaiingt Co at siMtors 
Irt Tel Ot c03 4119 

krli-mulMi Tulh serve ed llat 
Ini 3 Lili Pm. nr Col TV CH 
rn Ol 'bb 4281 38* 2*1* 


able and ii-cmili-d in all ootid 
ji 0 . 1 *. Liham- "The CaruM 
spot lali-ts" Ol “3o 5503 

IH I toOH HILL- Sliratli- r - 

nr-.iv turn a. der 3 bed 2 baih 

Dal uiin polio Csr vaiur L230 HC85NT* toAIW Stunning v ies. • 
piv Nairun Wilson k Co 7<14 mn pais. 2 owe to-d 2 itsep 
1 idi ms um ijssmi cca» L-whs 

Ail 2333 

SLOANE PQUAME double bed 
rnoni. louiNie, nmrh ««iiidou» 
IO IW, nnv . 3i d Hoot L423 00 
prm awMl reowied Trl Oi 
730 14*»4 

SOUTH HEN U NO TON nrai lulv 
I n\uiiuu-i\ 1 note le-d llal vil 
-el -ii.— I'p let Ijn? p»» Bl 
Laiidnn A piiirsTJJ oJ25 


atau A trod lor duUousU'. 
rsrruirvrs LOnu a snoil Itr* in 

ail aiea* Lipluend a Co 46. 
VH-rtnenesi v - 1 01 4005334 

SWISS COTTACC Modem 2 bed 
llal in PH b«v k .Can be let nan 
lurnisnoAi Liilti Ww Colei 
nun I -r. mrl all antenilirs 
<.900 bm -dav • Ol 353 325o 

nat- and nouw- a-adaMr rot 1 
— nek • llom llSOpu 4ot> 

EAI IW C Detatrhed 5 brdinnm*. j 
2 mtrpuoo-. 2 ruin*. on«- ren I 
lial Healing gai.vor. oaitlen I 
rurrushed 01 semi Hunt-Hen 
Cotnoam M Tel 0o03 50&J«2 I 
FULHAM Deiigntfui smaH hone- 1 
Mir vie -clad iMlaae 2 bed-. 1 
itgrp-ne*. kii diner, suuni -e 1 
tiuded ton. rk»«- nice t>. u-* i 
C1 6SPV* Trl 73b lOTk 4037 | 
ClwinMN (urn -tnole toom 
Cookma larnuie- nun m 
Hanre. SCI TM. snare hath 
LlSCtorm Ol 7*M 3SA4 j 

MARBLE ARCH Lu-un lum | 
I nr ihs tied, npariou-. n-odetii 2 
bed Hal In -mail apatltneni 
Motk CSQOpu nno F 01 long, 
lea-e DU p 01 723-9344 
ST-PAULS'S CT WI*. bunni 3 
bed matvcine nr in Iht* MHiiiUn I 
Ipr anon Lw lounue 2 bam-., 
mill romp kii. prilm Co lei 1 

£200 pw- 244 7353. Ti- j 

SW3. 60 14 - irom Hartiwt- 2 
dble bed-. 2 irrep im- k A b ! 
t-a-M-r drvn iru iH ch-.M* 
in AiMtir* C230M- 730 

34iS -T. 

Wl lusurmiS dal rar toorDdiwr 
Pla* ■■ 2 beds, mep 111 M llooi 
GCH portraor “35 Vr n.- 
LlSOm- T»1 Ol 5i*3 27CP all 


AMUDCAM Bank urornlli re . 
uuiie- luMwv ILtl- JIM linines 
from CMC* Ct OOC P- Hina 
Bulge— r.-lair Lornl-sai 513c 
A3HLCW* ESTATES -o-tiau-a 
in teiiiino and leiliiHi lit 'trait al 
Lnndon Cowan out net- 'la- 
lair outre on 01 4£W 0394 1 

KHK • BUTMCHOtF 101 Iiimii- 
preperties in SI J<tnn- Koon Re 
ml- Park, -vbxla kale S\»i— 
(VIC A Hdmpstrad 01 56b 75bi | 
BCBMMMC DeUahlliii I7lh Ten 1 
im - hAU-e. m ish.mip-11-jd 
vtlLWP 4 bed* 2 bdlhs L350 
m m 073 a do 1 Bid 
OCLNMTFUL -tell lunushrd sun 
ti» Hal tn 1-1 looking Monlaou 
SillUtr W I | hta I IM tilled 
im neti UOO p« Ol 913 339J 
OOCMJUfBS. Houses and iiai- 
itliauahoui iw dorkbHur- aira 
in IH Dm Maud* Propel ti Cm 
tie. 01 498 4832 
UM'-tmiv w rrrrp r r hit. 
Mm— ci . peiKi tsoo,- ecs 
, stale- 431 2888 
RENBMCTUM. Vu 4 ord htww- 
huprrn Hero, Sauna Gaiaur 
I usun lumnltingk CWO P» 
IH 01 937 SSI 1 
KENSMTON •vomnanni Cue 
'Inn I ri nniv . 2 ord iw in ink 
pfr*4*e n-e C129P- Ol t»00 

HMCMTSRMDGE &umr 3 bed 
ream Hu. nx draw. 2 Hath- 1 
en-uilei and kit £250 pu 581 
3 8W 

RMUCO ihmiarulMP 3 bed torn 
nun-otieltr Avad rtirlv 'la< 
CH. tra in C240 P»» 0206 

PUTNEY Beat il if ul MM «dt. 1 
, Ikinn. TF. CH S C Avail 
Vdl- C9fl 0— ptltaf **" “O 
73 66 d, .n 788 1830 10 ‘lew 
STOP LOOHMB7 Trv me Renwi 
1 vpnl-O-pr 1 T6© rrnla*- 4V4U 
iimrv s .jiM-- netiiai Ar«o*o 
Phiumums «>27 2b 10. “ dt«v* 


Hair gualKt plitperlie- in all 
at. a* I- m 037 <M21 

Wll. fvi-llenl 2 ned Hat Rnrp 
sii .mn twin rn h-i otnv £130 
p<- TM Cl 938 3425 T 

SW3. ku .men ad -alui- 
■ii ml ill tlal I -e in udn- i >■ tel 
r nitilli- - (,») (n* ir» “Jt -1 

*aj3 I 

5W11 -upili 3 bed 2 bam mai 
-.■Iti-llr ( H VII nun nine 

1 JOC 1 P-- \lldie— — LlHHIlU A 

viaiiiimratenl PI oH5 C'lll 
IWT.liii m i*Hi 11 PT --1 mat- udu 
uj : hi-|- li-ri-p. k A b I >— 1 
Ml .nr £300 at* o ruin- - V» 
-Hal -i- Cl 75c 3429 
S 37 9881 I lie mimtu-i in tetnenr 
hri —lum net mg Iw— I usual 
pini— lie- ui ti-iilial and Putn- 
I muli'ii .iu-a- C 150 £2 CtVnu 
U.S. COMPANY -eek- Hull Mnp 
iM— in iie-r Lnndnn aiivr- 
( VHHVV A UVf-riLl -I'UMI 
Viu-liK Cl 38« 34HI 

llal- A ih-uu— in iinlial leu 
1 I-I 1 li-ieiA-hiwI li-l* MnSil 
t l.d- 4m- rtn7rt 
W14 3 In -1 Ills lum rial tvilh pm 
Ui muking ton 2 1 et - 

1 la iiimi .ill nkuli ni IU> 
1.200 p-» \».nl nm 992 QbJ? 

WIMBLEDON SW 1 S to Ml min it 

• hi 3 lM -1 2 lla-tll lew Illk-U-. 

|.:* 1 I pu \pdir— I i-IIiiim a 
' liimtgeuk-nl 01 6*5 C* 1 1 S 
A STEAL! H.HMlv llitve llal 
iMhiih- '.DC p-v Other- Um 62' 
j 2 c l-‘ llutin im alni- 

BUSINTSSMAN •.••Hill.-- > • an 

ili»- n'.i\ 1 -ill tJOCp- m Py 
H— 4 V y I Milieu to I \ 4 ly 
CENTRAL! I tie-Jur. pit- nS CH 
•Ml. w -.“Pp'i LHIk'l-tihlOf* 
2 *- in Hunu-Iikjlm- 
6 HCAP! 1 iinle m-dim 1 L 1 I L55 

. j.-a iiu I \ Gl'H **hel» s2 - 
I .V 10 IhiFiu-lig.iliH- 
I CHELSEA ijirn-f 3 i*U 2 un-p 

i-'i'ii --in r-iihuHi L2i5 p-- 

ni A ilto Mill 01 351 «j39 
Chelsea mu- i* ? ra-j iiai i ■■ 

Ii-Il kill In 11 Silt I In- kmie HI 

1 i'iiu im 1.103 pi- 7 Jo tails 
FLATS-HOtlSES, -liml MW lei-. 

■ill .III-.I- I .rtlllull 'Bill Ifni-Pl- 
inlei Ii.iln 1 01 344 - So3 

GARDENt I ur ram b-Him ilu 

1\ I II M-5 e>i LHlk-l- 677" 
>,iV lluKn-hH.iliif' 
HAMPSTEAD. 1 us 4 hen 1 1 1.1111 
ill t.-« J in- in gm ton 
. soi-.i.u TP ' 1 44® 3035 

KIDS OK! 1 btlim rrtenl T3 
. 1 pluiiu- t?0p“ OtlW'l-627 
2 pl 0 H.mii‘<ii» 

LOON! 3 nedim hnu-e £110 pu 
PatMIHI \l lllln 1 I H flllt- Ok 
r?7 2e>iD Hnnviwatoi- 
BtoODERH 2 bedim T\ tritnpr 

gai.iu.n- UK> pu LKn 
et- a3~ 3bl0 Hrwnrvoi alcH- 
NR TUBE! ? nm mi CH TV 
nnmir im pi *.9(| pu Uthei- 
k-b t .’7 2 olO Nikiwkwaloi* 
lllln III* iLd ? UM hfd tur rn pi 
!. 193 Mto Id 7UM0 
SUMItf SQUARE Lir-un 2 bed 

2 bath im 11 1141 £325 |e» Andre 
lan-u i’ i-- PI Z2o Oia3 J 

ST. JOnT) WOOD. Supeib itku- 

2 111 3 lied-, Mr din. ui III IV 

i.h pen LidOp— 691 <3417 
MRE- ? betl mill Itnin shed lu-nn 
ILri III iiuirt -rnuii- £170 p— 
TPM -Llo ?P25 
llal huh left at i- 3 monin* 
tinlv . £175 pu 7Jo iMS.' 



pros*** S'aS 

“if-iisrissy- 1 

EAST putney cottage 

Ctwtntng Sted WJcwrtwi i»e m m** 
OEdm to Tub®. V fl»wp«i B“ * 

must •— *«e>— 


■ — ^ -l 01-74. W3 

otSSon the green W4 

Exceptions) WwJroonw* lhrB * ”° !? y r^ 

tags, teattrtifl wvtatfa view across Rhwr 

SSSSbF/H a***W-M5»« 


5 Sww* srs&ss 

r . .... 

1 “SySi'tfSK CH/CHW, Irfu P*. 
^ UH PUnringtom d-244 74*1 

nwivnOOD COURT, W14 


J6S" js * j 5S' 

s-JffJ!E 22 MS; 

rortWr oksoWng “*■ hu 0° 


Wettnan wwi 2*** **“*• .W 

— Ihsa Sufi8) faM11 __ 
odn. stunnng or* *«»“«»- 

13SA00 RH 

C^Mi 01-288 B896 

bate, larg* lounge, Mad Wtfwn 
fS&Q U« R**"""* **** 6833 

wM mamakied Abed det two *rth Wo ®™ 

&£«%??'* S-~ :0WI» 

QfF wmbictowpar^de 

2S!r a SS,“S2“- L ““ ti! 
BmSX"’! i£S-—— "I 



* 3 Vi times income or ZV1 times jo*** racom* 

* 100% mortgages up to £100,000 

. Mo evidence of i* 0 * 01 * 

op to £150.000 Tor qoafifyi»S Applicants 

* MIRAS ladhty avaitebfc <r»er £30^00 

Ring 01-235 0691 

for full i nformati on 

Financial Services 
25a Motcomb Street 
London SW1 

Open nntfl 8 p-m- today 

1 Wes * ^T^snun .d M— - lrt ^. V 

Investors head for the c . v ^ 

rooms and 

'• . • • -. ~ ~ _ c ' ^c.fjqif'Cn ON ' FULHAM BARNES 

mortgage news 


up to 95% at 




A development by Berkley House PIC 


43-49 Barkston Gardens 

Kensington, London SW 5 

t^s sssteSSSRSm**- 

Two Bedroom Flats from 4167.500 
Three Bedroom Flats from , t-30.000 

™=S2£r="'- w 


vssk ;?«■? 



IM Fulhim «« 9M0 OM»*“* 


Residential up to 75% oj PJ; 
valuation, which ever is lower. Si 
1 1 %% 


Other !‘® ta !^ < Jf , l^SJIb^ t rOTiden^a^l 
competitive unlimited tunds. Initial! 

,SS *° be completed by this] 


Please reply without delay to 

LB (Life and Pensions) 

"‘“M r 260 



The mention of a country houseevotoa 

S^ndpo,uve,y ? udm 8 

By Christopher Warman 

P rnnrm' Correspondent __ 

country house U among the best 

S3S5sp!j g^sSSSSsss; 

h taveembraced tath definmons in the taux m.ghl havecM ^ 

“issue of their bujers guide to «y ^ R " h XcSntry house are 

SemVcxempt.f £ ■ -J *3* 


first . — . 

country house values 

10 Collingham Place 

Kensington, London SW 5 

l Five quite exceptional new 

I--! BJWa»Si£r apartments, superbly fitted and 

appointed - and setting new 
standards for the neighbourhood. 








FeaiufS. Immac. 2 ®*J*Sfi 
Lu* Bath. Sh/Wc-IFm i Z[*g 
Recep Lee Cotar ftn. My FB- 

Sftnf W. G» w - lnn ° 

Lease. £95J»0. 


CurreralY Z 
to fine Fanrty Ftet 
7/1 Rafts. 2/3 Roccps. 
manw Gas CH. ftarf Ttfr. 

SaSItiTMtn F/H0kL 



JViARSii & Parsons 


With a *«?®P^^ 9 g23i 1 2^ , ^ot3y^rraocSorTiiso<J 

2 baths. su- 

Sian tetib JSJ- CTig Ftffld. £365,000 
^^tSSSoWROAp, W11 

Opening onto glorious JS 

!S pS»o i owden. ■JJJJJ <*- 

doubte 34ft Sj^tast no. luxurious naster 

signed p*ne temrtyW/°^ lurtier beds. 

in* mo. terrace. 

Freehold. E520.000. 

01-603 9275 



Sartn thw M. 3 Bedron^*- 

Bam (1 «■«•»]■ Dw *£55 t ^S 

Snm, DmmoVM- ^ 



M "lEaJpJTl 


laspedavi iMownenOM 


HOWARD otwbusj imw W 

MAtDA VALEW9fct*9!riincaotnwb^'^^ , ^^ m 

H AlI^TEAD NW3 BrgM ana sumy sow level mas. 2 
H ^ mnu CIIRIIRR NWtl Lu« : IWJ '» S' 0U»"t BKX& 

*■*«*— 1 
CTffiKt-WOOO ton nj^ac J J!f iTBm fV”“ 

^ aa,;fS».«tew«*- M,nw - 

• 130000 ~ 

houses at 


Wijais jccomnwttariw* of 
a'l bediootw- Direst riww 


ffmuix Is kothnis to 
vrithpn' a,e W* 1 . “S? 

ing Utilities OnHr ta «»»: 

HanMb ** 

Heathnrw. Fouibly d« ^ 

,tppi.nuiiny to 

lu^e h.Hise beside the mer. 

From CI'O-W- 


01-995 2984 or 
994 8276 or 
994 8335. 


the houses into three - 3 bedroomed 


Home Counties), and the large country 

one of.the best long-tern 


rxempt it us™ « 


f» pennit the mwmro ««S 

HKCiy i™-* 

^In 1985 the rateof 

by 8-12 per rent- abo^f and Parker 
RP1- mcreasesh. and btru ^ ^ 

believe this trend is 1 - can be 

-in 1986. “In ihejonger tOT “ ^ ^ 

no doubt thatUjecou^ vestments 

SaAfV9«o be ure most 

sons for the PT° the upper end 

since l»2“i£h« ' l in The &em 

g f .^ a .n.SSnessccmmun,^s 

Rural homes are certaindy 

M7njo}able investment 

nw Road. 



<«>*r. iv * ir—tw 


ussi^ssss. If &&&&£ SSSSS^I 

^l^f^Ln"f 0 ?that contusion is Solution and the 

I m^Snand ^ming "g SSrmUrfX 

VSrtvr Ol *» SlOl 

me o“T l »2 “K^nlSE 

I, 929 3470 W 

En^antfand* Scotland range fromabout 
£l^a000 plus and in the m°re_sought- 
after areas a good deal more, with ^ney 

house department has just ^ 

SneStofthe market 

fv^ufin^r^of £200,000 
depending, of courm, on the arei 

n n^Sof current finance costs on 
the ^00.000 country house. ;«hCT^i 

founts to 41 per cent on a £ 30.000 

b °Th« also calculate thatthenetannuaJ 
cost of ownerships « 

£15.200 compared wrth £2 WWJ 

““fif^sThe-^ontinuation of 

sees a 

and currency 


K,K ^n2 naW^rrSSwW 


^‘lawjsr Js* 

ISrtsTS 1 Surdav 22‘ 

3S^SmM* 723.111?' 







3 bedrooms Daiwoofo, 

hau Uy gaU«72d SM>0 C ,^22 

wchtn Com iprm- FieenoW 

70 O' 385 0504 
o. 01 489 0021 « 3558 


aw* roe-9- 



, .-raam, CATE W2. Super* 



JUS1 onthe mrtei «1 » fom*« IJJJ 

locaoon S 5WN wi_t w G»w" *4 

den wth m* hnnaqe. wtrog 
emnnous oaraoo 6 wv 

wesona. 6be*.3 W«-S ™' yB ^ 



Mamion flats, ovwlooh. 
irw park. Ground floor, 
garden. 2 receps. 3 •>«»*■ 
F G.C H Long lease- 
good condiuon. 


01-289 3767 

■ Maqm*l 


pOirlrrtenl *29 922* 

reomn- feint 


me W tMt 

laonti Wtlu«t«l 90n ^ 

Sffwt. JS^w* W"J£S 

pn ■ ^ rf J|jir ulil . Owl 

ciwy-oDa Teu oi *« 


s. l1 *»ner rxttitnro le pui- 

pen -1 house In need o* ort. 


(Urs jic 

11r u, ol one o’ hntNiit**™- ' 
r TOW beuuidul Cirteri W^s 

Lr^..i ro-fl ''^3 einsSn 

e ,| -'"Y J itiiMO 

;.r WTSin 

V * j-p t* raw) 

f^TVM run _T 

01-486 8007 (T) 
Office Hours 


penod 5 storev F H mxtffl- 
Beceffltv f » s » ,a ri 
rnodemtMfl teradvnq cru- 
ral features .Dr A*nrig room, 
anitig room, 

en LHihtv shovrer r^jm. - 
bads. MB’ ViC. pw SC 
^jn naL GCM. gardon. 

01-229 4676 

Border Bedford Pk. 

» .rinr.-Hi, lei rare*! fully mOO 
r^[J 9af«n 5 -w«9 

. .. k.i p a ypaTJfr dO'-n 
jilfr. .. * lullv IlllMl 

hjlrhcii *'« >ar9 p tPt, ° 

for quick sale. 
01-095 4$38. 


Mimaki “ 5T du ? 

i r ujirirm. 2 


juN moiWTDN' 

El^osoo cmO. TO. 

iiuUDA VALE W9- 


SBaft-MSSw- ^ 


KSTtfirwars s 


nr liansOOTt ana st»o- 

puw HnrrwV 

C9S.OOO (Jlrt H*"** 

iitOllW". WU-IW6TON- Carden 

TS^s- tss- 


SSu^'fMSS. r-n> a 

Co MS *523 _ .. 

niVMAM WWO-T^Se *■ 
mod 3 Md Wrraced now- «« 


oPThjRTxwnrr in » 


“h ar&eBB ^ rt fTn 
S 3 ? /iV'bSinm^ | 
tMtaie Barclay * Co- 226 


<47 «oV/H, Ol a 



cnasp. no aorof. Wi TO- u 



n than a M v k, °™, 

iuvum* in ronsenaUon ^ 


SrsbJgGS l>asSSs ;-.ts 

* A Ur an UudiO 4IH lOeorwn, 

Utfqr ertUT. OCR 

U59 9BO Jre^ioW Td Ol 
7b7 4«92 >Hi: Ol 7B8 »*»■»>» 

uani quIH. «unnv 

SSi' UwJlW^ 

ewi ; 2 3 Pcdfoomed 

**?»«««» ““ir;- "“oSJ? 

d«v , r»llJP " l S | . 

S51 .500 Ol 274 2*»« . 


5«l pan 1 mfn *JJJ9Vv “0“J9n I w \tODWOOO st27^3 * r< ' 

a ssrmt l w W55-st5fc® 



rn tCinocriofi 'SLV 
a Bids. 2 l»0» eo •*“**- 
jioubiei rKVpiion rdoro. 
fully filled KHcnew. 9»^e- 
and sunny roof RnWi. 

IK«- order w«b • 
carpets thnni9houl.J Bar- 
gain price for fast saw. 

oie w 

01-245 6996. 



,'cS5)5» t 5T« saa S*5U 

SET'S r^Sse 


{^."X ^ aST 

tloS.OOO nw 01-870 


Mjn IH9T ; 





SSSow TOM-aoww 

■Hi C08 9W Ol *70 5021 

*sfTOI3 rJ 

738 0931 Ol 32* 



Lmrmy, surety. ? bwbWf*fl J™ 

Safi nw^RmdJw* 

nnraral leatures « open Vdun- 


owrioohmg . P jn *®L k 5*22S 
Wd«i and hww tetensvao 
bsthroom boffl 

Uh. C*rt«i»»i w,els 

52 yr Jse £95.000 onn 

vn*£l Trt TMW3IMWI 


2211 7*2 

orneunl 50- Exert W ttonr 
'"Sfi^iST.rSiroih-vonx MH 

!«« 1 «>*• rH^rnSn-o-i 

I hoVd El 3* *>30 Tot 3. 3 *452 

win 3 



nrt1 ' OH l» 



Buy inn a house or an 
aiMttmenl in London but 
ram spare ihe Ww and 

Let ihe speeahsl 
Art lor vou 

TetepbonestOll 740 6527 
Ttlei: 897121 


Liffi; saacous imsyiff* ' B 
0^1- iKahon E»«'W 
lor *m i** 6 ’“r*®; L .^2 
tregn ooet 1 ,|T *. nfTTf r . 
5“ wit : Dale cete II 
5 ..n fti suie) Secof’O Mni 
>;ti PmOR Si* 
r 1—000 Pud FfWWK! 

TEt 289 CM9 


* B^STouWorovs 'one ►» *!U 


^■“WfoSoVtw* Harr- | 
i T C?01 387 0077 

W» srsF-^' 

TO M 0. 73* 5370 

new w e 

mbxbank eowrr »h» U* 

f^U. 5 ^Ae 1 n.a«.,niH ;S - 

sjr.,d T !rsr«« L t^ 

M Tur MARKET- 2 tan tv 


1 _%,ii rprivj hfni'4 1 to 

"r^Xr CiWr t«^> 

; udK nain m. 4dn 

Kth tl52 5W StafiMft^ 
Snulh SI* 7 Inneedrt 

,««■ anon egi mrei- .wi 

,«ep nirnrnellf 2 

• •..sows*.. ^ 

M^-krtK 01 Ml Ml* 

nn HAW Recently r*nse«ed 

r Si ttiSrttiZr 

!S? v ,7l» 8587 IE. 

»WI w modems 

TBTJftiSSStfS: 4 * 

pSdTSmNT W1 roomiVf 

srsss tsarssr 

Cl as 9SO . .. 




o#T ruuuw S3 nr ^ 

tlSOOOO. Bat*»rs sei u**f 
nMUCO- LMtil tlued Itoor a “4j® 

"a w5™«“ I’SK gs^r 

LT6 5CO Trt ol 280 

SglfwWB « *03 8W1 



(JO1.O0D TA 01-67351JS 

TelOl 748- 

TOWN BOUSE N«r rp" £££ 

3 baths tWllW" MW 

tSOMO. r.H 

"HifiwTBfiNS. Due w 
given o»ersea* poNinjl 
punt a irrre naW* i.^jIS!d 

Kim endof w«5 •™S I 

n«r-. HOtherMhe^**^; 


r roll ARE IMWW tor a 

F a Hury nal m e enl ra* Ldwavg; 

«r na'r a vemesefc-eimn a»a|- 

atM- Trl Parhen Ol 724 *«» 

nuNTUL TO VEIW Chiwrlt 

nlne'i? ■*«* “KSS.’SSS: 

rw sff-sS: 

Mirlf jB PtU jnf .T: n ^l 

IuS OmS» oi 995 1285 


r^rlrcNDiif. J KMinrriOfiV. P cu a '^ 
n,Ktej rUMkrowr*. 
tnuJai mnitton ^nl l J ,,t1 T?" 

, ta „ ,. 1U irecumm-nded Cewlarr 
r,. r.l e>J9 922* 

UUM WS C*ee 
“srTti.e \ irronan bouse 
*. OfW 
nutelctiieed 5 PeV 1 - ‘ 

.JJTb 18 11 h.irber. 
n7^.l| M ^wr~"- n0 

UMMS rem cate wa. ci™. 

J r«ure<im. 3 r.-repIK-l, 

^ir ir\n llai '■"> 'N""|f ™ 

7f7.V..V bail and l-ute 

n ..J...i, .liar I?S\ejesHs|V 
, .,IOO.I«1S Mail-, i-il’t' >* 
el, Hind if pr |fl •*' ,<,u ' k '■^. 
ilo&OOC lor ■''—«« lT + 
Cl J02 Jrot, 

hubI VALE, 2 bed (mb' fur 

mu. lifl poen-raoe t-u. 
SS c.75.000 Ol 289 

MEWS MOUSE. W2 rrr t5j t V rr 3 
tests. 3- ■ t^bs^aoe rool jrr 
rare. -Vj? 1 

CIBO.OOO Ol °40 J485. 


*«™T bed 

niork An amrmlies UJOOOO 
Lonnhe PrtiliACo 499 987* 


uj buy interior d«»qn«i 
ramify H ome g EfflJwg 

(oacfitiouse. , c ®^2i ar S 
garden. Grand «• ■* 
beds. 2 baths i» ensultei. 
Consenaiory dining rm 
Filled AlUmlmo 

in rough oui 


TEL: 01-780 9983 



Kf“S m a«^!K3j » 

MUtr- Ol 4W 2222 

SlrSJIS doopT and 

UwUrlT eSL C89 500 on o 851 

or 2S* 9933 iOllWW 
URNES VBLLA6E- Tvoxl Pond 


, ridira 1 «* wide rtwriuai 
M Allhcjedi , ™i5f*3 r EUlhl! 

lira iiortJting 5 “cfls. soMm. 
(irdwina rm. dining mi kii 
ti'ftrJ in. ^. lar Dr| y ,, £« | a ^5i 

nw roous Wl. grti 9WI »Jgl 




JSSi on* Lew. ouiddimn. 

C47 OOCt FH. 28» _ 

COOTT SEt* Super I hed 


ten..i* A Ptnr- Ol 403 MSO 
CLAPHAM nwadi lor immediaie 
3 oedrm l irtonan 

CHESTNUT »■ im™ 
man in vnaH p*»*W 
C-r, r* Low duIUPtmT- *J? 
me. 148 9SO. \OMut A swser- 

OI 7*1 *222 _ 

miLWfCK. buprf* 3 U«1 «JTO 
\H lowrdne. Tilth n>N Lin l« 
KH O»oe< 8*11 . Cl P? ti'. , 
CH7 5O0 5«n4i James 711 



gqo A del Wilful town not"f 

^0.000. WVVCOTT AVt 

NLE SWS TparJmonl .^ui' 
IP, pptlon. dining room. 3 ned^2 
hath NfwI) filled tJISOW 
miMCS GATE SW7 PrestW 
tSSSrStm aONiWIlvH «4t 

retro* on 3 brdlOomv_ sjudl ■ 

!■: balhv C3 10.000 KENS1NG 

TON MB In esrrtlen._ PKxL 

BtqM apanmenl w.Ui 2211 te 

rrpuon. 2 hedv. 2 baths. Muds 
WrM filled WNhim. LloifOOO 


un«n noose. 4 brds. 4 *aOe-3 

ipeens. E32S.OOO 

rey town house. meal 
uitnlmmL 11 irar le Jie. 
Cl 70.000 Lhww* Lid. PO Box 

229. G7 Marlhorouqh Cl. Pem 

moke Rfl- Lonoon 1*8 *04 01 
*03 3854 



I Last 3 lux 2;3 twl 
tmauatui «•■«*«. HJSfl 
I recap. 2 baite lux M. carpets. 
|hn. Gas ch. 

3rt Floor £135.000. 
ISifSt E14M0J 

1st Boor £159.000. 

01-937 3811. 

KJENSAMTON SWS. Super h 1st 

ltoor llai Larqr reeeplion with 

hair a ri l farm* W o' ertookirra 

garden Kilrhen. large br^ruoni 

with en siule halhioom. 2nd 

bedioom and -Jiowet loom 

um GCH com will * K S1\ 

LI2S.OOO ToHiNlOfir Ol 2^4 
9773 'Sun alter 1 p m . 7 P m 
nn' OI 87* 2838 -9 » *30 

Mou San 


fine period hou^V yp* 

inodrtnnalion. « hed*. i-ep«. 
dining rm. me* 'hid iflL 
haihrm. dwwer A rlh«. palm 
garden Plu* foe trout garden 

SJ, CH C3HO.OOO F H lor 

guwk sale Anlhonv Hill A Co 
229 0072 

SWT Charming wrsl (aiimi 2ivl 

IICW Hal Rerew Ml hirakim 

2 beds. Bain Ind gas Dt 92 
vrSKtl 15.000 HOLMANS 
370 *781 

5TOMOR RD W 14 ' n\ uvr. 
nlUSnell- •» BfMMhB * 
atiei Rrrail V» ith ill inmures M 

W- A ised h-n BWJ. 

gin., nd 2 we lerrpls 4 »pls 
k.hhr-i. wain «W. / ” 
cuwoco Aiew todai 01*03 
t>59 3 .how-. Ol 2»1 -■■*• 



led 2 hath 1 «h«ei n 
■etepi. W4n» kil wilt! aminu 
palm udn anil «-p -limr* 
llal umiltel 050 000 Trl O.. 

Pir pTi-D-'rii*^ i id »°i *1o«flU-01 

sn<> 1547 


jini iLmii Hal ■■• ni.iry.’K'.us pero 

lion Moie in rondilion. -hojt 
tr.ra- -pi met Uxl. 2 Nils hain 
■ m urarerrsep. Micnen * ” ' ' ' 

koO 500 Cut die A Co Ol tal 

SWT. Pleasenl wrtl «ilu.ii.»i 
nninod nre«s hse with 5 in* - 
one- loot |en Cas.h Uo~-.fl 

am* n nn Clnuresii7 (W I "« 

UW»0 Reed A Lewis ’44 



■ inns, taiuhl 41 nd III tlal * 

hmtim ie*eu. titled Kil dl slia 

aw Ciiisil area Long _ Ne 
UlT.OOO TelOl 331 a21H 
•,in»lin» , i 
IhiMIiiI nal 2 iwd l« 

nn-ss Hal Gas ih t.isl-iiill* 

rte. Pins i,Kitleir HN miiM 

kel Is. 103 ill L1J99JW 
Peart A. I I", is 244 H 1T7 
SWS I ai w lam. 1 1 SfillKw tlal in 

H, -wU reiim aied Iniililnn 
Ha. ■ pi Kil Weak mi 4 Ihds 
Isilli. Til ifimin Udn H2 IN 

I. IH8.000 HW1 MANS 37T 

SWS siupei n newli mod Km itm" 

flat alifl" m tine •ttniei'** ,n 

ii, i ih 2 Ol*. nerW Nil Iwin 

liat gas ill Caroldhei I sew 

Cains *5 ns 1.1*8000 
I Kil M IVt 370 *7Hi 

ll.ll Mflh dl*|kQh(1lll M"4 I* nu pgl 

tm t ^ •■iinI 1^“ 97 w* 

1.09 OO o VliqrU SldHlil » 

im 542 QOftO 

kensrwton court mans 

WL 1 «ir 3 tied. in.lfcJ b.air 

p * tka liil ges t:m pnsn. inw 

Miiluniiras C253 000 Reed e 
lewis 244 KiTT 

■ « axr LIST ot h^wrw 

* Lurat Brand Ol 402 5275 

Otovt PARK W4. <«r«ie d- 
twe igr gdn * 2 '^JJL 

sourjnl alter area V, Ouswirt. 

JiTn™ XI . 

Sij Kii I mu* IF woriimop 
L.r or. cond Gas eti F hjl 
risa*o0 Airwing sirongft 

SSreJs^w 1 

994 3*71 

nrnraftD PARK Wda QrrWTi 

irme s Gardens 4 magnrfiemi 

wad- 0 Iraed dei hse wuh hu ge 
urd gdii in *-“ **<* 
naltrv 1 superh reo-p nns. M*wi 
msperlid in .’K.HfiSf 
rilH(# mu ■■ viWOOO T>vr 

gSSJS- oi «4 7.3M 

KURLUteHAM *** Immaeuiaie 

Thed roum I Ml in pri-scracmr* 

raws i.irw laeepimn. nr-M 

,re. Sill hen LTH poner. naidrnr. Id riief; 

1.75 1»0 OI 7 1 O •eun -nd (31 58-' e’bMI dal. 


Bsa 1S!, «se 

T28 7474 

CHELSEA RRM«E Pieasani 1 
wo llal in immae order silniu 
ho non Ckw In BUHIers... Park. 

Jx^r nrweiurt i-aiwes, iiiuu kil 

ana nainrm -mie C«*/W° 
John Dean A Co 228 I8S0 
CLAPHAM Dei^Uui roSOs a 

rndim 'erraa-edhorwe I ulil 

nsjOernised III aoM *J5?ale? 
n,der 45- UMdeii I W»*» 
Rum *7a 54V> 

Ioik-iiO A Haixsard 
HEW GRCCN %upnl • 'UWJI l| Nl 
' Mrr^r7» ot t.r«l rhdrm 
aiHlenaUarlri 5 t-Mrow ■ S 
i.-rim 3 haihinoms walhil 
MM om-s uier C3SO.OOO 
7,1 01840 25*1 

1.-7 T nil rd hw-*. .ai 

^szr a T.issw r£ 

imM Rang *75 wle Folsard A 
Hav'.ard ,„ IM , 

PUTNEY. '«n«reati.i er«-«ded 
U.H hsar mm a I e> J ^^ 1 L7jy?Trn 

9ai"lards 4 KaxK. 2 oath* .ill en 

siHlea 2 rees Uudv Ml brh. 
ulalili i ni eNrm dnle«e. G» 
rn my an v TX?vyaivn 
rH Warren A CO 7 «8 7W« 
-MTOKU. Orta l U, Wn- 

SiHTTSsTdet ik twe MiJ-7 
a hed Hi dining, bain ♦ 
Is l 23' mrro lead- lo Minlrap 
grip .Ml ICC Gas CH F H 

C 122 

Zoo 585 0128 2288434 

■«71»J5SSSS s S«S 

l.r»7 0» Tel JSO 2085 
CLAPHAM NORTH sers -jarioir. 
ttalSrerep I OO'iWePedT^JT'- 
r ,11.1' A small garw^, 

„vi eondiHo*’ 

“^rt 717 072* n «rf9 4*47 « 
GREENWICH early 19 JB 
tj II house on 4 I Irs rom 
pM-ien letuihished Lgerewr* 

and h«n eeijiwf. 2 Whs Alii 
mm C 102.0-0 oi *92 5o&7 

You don’t have 
to wait for 
a mortgage 
at NatWest. 

Well usually 1« you knowsuaighiaway. 

You don't have to be a NatWest customer. 

For written details, just pop into your 

local NatWest or write to: 

The Home Loans Manager. National 
Westminster Bank PLC, Marketing Dept. 
FREEPOST 2. London EC2B 2ED. 


Th= Aci:-m Bar* 

Sccuni) Jhd imuranCd H required UwNsub|m.i hacuiuv Jiirt contfH iw»s 








w arm put not too costly 

]%*? ““V be* good investment- aid 

-JlS?* 1 °^ H y *** ~ their running 
. costs are becoming more crudai to the 
owner’s economic well-being as the mS 
of energy, mmwthsianding&Tedti^n 
m oil race?, increases. As more and 
more gadgets and luxuries are incorpo- 
rated into house design* from kitchen 
: equipment to whirlpool ha th* -n- 

.empnaas is on saying energy: • "■ 

f“pw»w fahastioS^pu*^ 
K ^, es ^ a *?' 1jlis ySnftomoted : 

=:^S?iaffi 2 tSS 5 £' 

■ iJP?®' * draloheis. from the. UK, 

^ndinaynL West <jermany, USA and 

F Chnada^wll.j>e bonding 50 of the most 
g^y-efficiOTt houses 10 be seen in 
2n?£LiT£!?; ran 8 e from large 

detached fimuly. houses with a market 
value over £100,000 to smaH^S 
homes and, one-bedroom flats. There 
■“S® been j various attempts to get 
builders and house-owners interested in 
energy saving, but so & littfc has been 

■ .7^. Electricity Council -. has now 
entered the field by launching a pioneer- 
ing design. for all-electriceneigyefBcient 
homes after several yearsofresearch into 
bighly- insulated low energy bouses. In 
co-opera tioa with Rendeu. Homes Ltd. 
pan of the Lovell Group, it. is providing 
26 rather special houses amid a develop- 
ment of200home5 of ihea ward- winning 
Medallion design, at Devizes. 

These particularly- energy efficient 

'homes use controlled ventilation and a 
heat - recovery -system to provide a 
■ continuous supply of dean, fresh air to 
the Ihring rooms, while removing mois- 
ture and odours and helping to prevent 
' condensation. The heat recovery system, 
. u conjunction wjtb electric space heat- 
, rag using the less than half price 
. economy tariff and the high levels of 
thermal insulation, will give occupiers 
"'very low healing costs, the Council 

The . heat recovery system is . designed 
' to save energy by reebimmg 60-65 per 
of the heat produced by domestic 

- appliances, people and the sun shining 
through windows and adding it to the 
incoming fresh air. This energy efficient 

. house verification has evo?ved foilow- 
. ing years of research at the Electridty 
Connca Research Centre at Capenhurst, 
near Chester. It is intended as a 
progression from the. industry’s Medal- 

- lionaward scheme for private sector, low 
energy housing which has produced 
90,000 dwellings since the scheme was 
launched in .1978. 

- Estimated weekly running costs, for 
space and water healing only, for the new 
energy saving houses are £3.50 for a 2 
bedroom detached bungalow, £4.00 fora 
3 bedroom detached bungalow and £4.50 
for a 4 bedroom detached bungalow. 

Wort with solar heating, and saving 
with theofherfonns of .energy such as 
gas add o3, goes on apace and 
those with older houses frown more than 
somewhat when Their heating bills arrive 
through no doubtenetgy inefficient letter 
boxes: prompting them to think a tittle 
more about that side ofhousingcosts. 


The cottage 
they carried 
to Hertfordshire 

■The OU Cottage, Brookmans Park, 
in the heart of the Green Bah mar Potters 
Bar in Hertfordshire, is a half-timbered 
Sussex farmhouse which was moved 
from ita original site to its present 
home in 1924. 

It has three reception rooms, four 
main bedrooms and two bathrooms, with 
a guest or granny flat of two 
bedrooms. Outside there is a brick play 
bouse and a range of outbuildings, 
standing.^ more than two seres, which 
include a swimming pool and a timber 
chalet John H. James and Tufnells are 
asking for offers over £500,000 for the 

■ Plot Cottage at Pffley near 
Lyroinfltoft, Hampshire, was buflt in 1980 
and far surrounded by tts own 
landscaped garden and the New Forest 
The taw-bedroom house baaihree 
reception rooms and a number of 

outbuSdings, and a little bothy in the 
garden, ideal tar a cMdren’s summer 
house. Jackson and Jackson ol 
Lymtogton are saidng £165,000- 

Jersey’s loser 

■Croft In Somerton, Oxf ordsh ire, is 
an impressive village stone house built in 
the 1880s originally as two cottages 
which were reputeoy tost by Lord Jersey 
as part of a wager. At the turn of the 
century an imaginative developer placed 
battlements between the stepped 
gables to malm one western facade Which 
give the house its distinctive 
appearance. The house, with grand views 
across the CherweHvaBey to 
Dedcfington and beyond, has three 
reception rooms, five bedrooms and 
two bathrooms, and the gardens are a 
particular feature, landscaped by the j 

present owners and planted with 480 


7989 CWSHLpEMqSsiR 

f£0£ InxnnariartM 


Norwich 6 mOes. 

Listed Jacobean house in a superb 
elevate d position with far reaching 

3 reception rooms, 7 bedrooms, 2 
{bathrooms, Charming walled garden. 
.Stable and grounds. 

About 2 ebras 
Region £150400 

Norwich Office 

4 Upper King Street (0603) 6T7431. 

(Ref. 9BB2097). 



Oxford 6 mam, A40/M40 9 mfies, Abtadon S n&ea . 

A beautiful Manor House. Listed Grade il. one of tee oldest conWwoushr 
private houses in the eourrtry. dating from 1190. Magnificent N or man H al ^4 
Rooms. Cloakroom, Kitchen's Domestic Offices. 7 F&ncipal 
an suite), 3 further Bedrooms ft Bathroom. Sitting Room. Pfayroom/Study. imp 
R ooms, Trunk Rooms. Cellars. OH CH. 2 Bedroomed Conage. Trtfifi B^tv^raOTTg a* 
3 Care. Useful Outbuildings. Mature Gardens ft Grounds. Parte ft Paddock, m ■« 
about 9 acre*. For Sale By Private Treaty. 



M40/M25 1 mite. Central London 18 MBes. Heathrow Airport 7 mBa* 

An outstanding Georgian Country house set wtthm beautiful secluded River intereeetea 
Gardens, in the heart ol tins picturesque vUtaje. Reception & Staircase H^L. D Z?w< n a 
Room, DWng Room, Panefed Study, 8 Bedrooms, 4 Bathrooms. Staff Rat- 3 
Bedroomed Gardenere Cottage. Tripte Garaoe. Summer House. we* stocked leptounu 
Gardeners win the River Mteboume Rowing through. Orchard ft Paddock. About 17 

Bedroomed Gardenere C 
Gardeners with the River 



UNOWNED FOR Qt'MJTY and m tally co m pl ucii . out u-i^x .u». 
' «*v Oat, hair IV> hem rtronoed a the bnl liuur. *ir!l5<lic«l In 
toe-tooi Home" mnta far ivds. 

SrtKfth Nuauti beiidr Ac Rnrr v»no the Has nab ouaini in r>cn 
MJVYI nf Jcvgo ad arailmn. Fajorcv include fnllf-mirt v-lid —Aid 
lurtw hrtUTv tartmomt uitt im^nnalnr trims ad Adi,<- flt-mag. TV 
samfHrm mrtk™ ^anr horidm* n tci urndM *+|*rful Uiklxwl .nun- 
tank. pitnulmi dchfhrfiri ummtats. -nbom thr dna^rn of 
ammi item Vcm| a caaul u a ap^iaHna of me mnlni 

PRICES: £8&MCk£245JM0 
Brochure front: 


Sain office. I '•onfcimKr Coat. Grave Sam bib Bvl oPE 
let 1M was *04*7 or tNH 

present owners and planted with 4- 
trees in 1983. SaviflsBanbury offu 
asking for offers around £150,000. 

■ - ^ : ■ * 

The Old SfaWes, TBBiqgfM flfli House, at THffiagtoe near Retworth, Sussex, fs 
the sort of property best smted for sak at auction - and it is being sold at an 
auction at the Aagel Hotel, MSmmst, m April 30 ,- bvKing anffChaswiiere whose 
Petworth office is gmnga gWMie price of £ 60 , 0 D 0 -£ 70 , 000 - The stables have phui- 

is adjacem to the distmcriyer aurntry house op ihe edge oT the vflfaige ^uch is 
J xtose to PetwgraFPSit TbeTMrtiy waUed jMfden is nearly* third ofen acre - 

■ Benham and Reeves are seflbtg a 
house in Untie! Cfoeo, Hampstead 
Garden Suburb, dose to Kmg 
Constantine's home, which was 
origmafiy owned by the founder of • 
M^les stove. He converted a first ftaor 
loom btto an exact rapfica id Ms 
study at Oxford University, using 
Jacobean oak waB panelling ana 
craftsmen from the Unfversny to create 
the rigftt affecL The asking price is 

Fit for a Queen 

■ ftowtxiry House, near Meils, on the 
Somerset-Avon borders, is a Grade tl 
fisted house probably dating from the 
Wtffiam and Mary period, which was once 
the home of the Beauchamp family. 

During the Second World War it was 
occupied by the late Queen Mary, and 
is now for sale end in need of restoration. 
The house, of ookwr-washed brick 
with freestone dress ing, has a reception ; 
hall, four principal reception rooms 
and four main bedrooms, wfth two self- 
contained wings, and five second floor 
bedrooms. With a coach house and 
.stabfing, it is set in waled gardens and 
groundof over four acres. TDorman 
Reeves oTBath are seeking offers 
over £300,000.- 


inn e cHARAcm codw 2 
nun niiitr (*Mrr c»v 
rammu Mann- fpooL 
MYtirUK- and CneAPr Lgr 
orawmc room, dining room. 
ML Mm room 7 bnta. laaUi wo 
wc. omMd«& 3rd otrr waned 
Odn. £98.500 OBI S36 4369. 

JOHN D. WOOD TEL: 01-628 9050 


A fine Country House, exQutsttaty modernised and extended. In protected park-fike 
setting close to exceflem road and reli comrmmicarons. Entrance Htel, 2 Cloakrooms. 
3 Recaption Rooms, superb Kitchen/ Breakfast Room. Utility Room, 5 Bedrooms, 2 
Bathrooms (1 an suite). Oil CH. Coach Hosue with double Garage ft spa c ious Staff Hat. 

Bathrooms (1 an suite). Oil CH. Coach Hosue with double Garage ft spacious Stan 
Outbuildings. Landscaped ft Wooded Gardens & Grounds. About 3% new 
MAYFAIR OFFICE TEL: 01-493 4155 

127 Mount Street. Mayfair, London W1Y 5HA, Telephone 01-499 4155 

Abo z£ London - We sma sw, Keosmglon. Cbeisea. Aiundd. Bath. Camatwy. 

Eaneuii. Hanagao. OMoid. WeUs. Bataan, Dubai. Kuna. Sbatjah. 


MB. BANBURY. Nf-wfy nmnM 
UtMWnL 5 urgr >m4>- 2 Imuh 
il n suiri. 2 imps . fully nt- 
IKt ku.. util icy. gas r h. gdm 
Rural Mint In cnnficnalMn 
i nw. London w mtmilCT 
£82.000 OI-73* 13fig. 



KEW saner gJ. one M. flaJIL 
£110- O.W.- another oneBdL oM- 
«r £90, P.-W. HALLCTTS MO 

mna. a m i km iw. » 
gbk Ctar to MnenttK*. cifta 
pw neo. Co letwnimoB. 7Z3 



rwiH 2 bed fl»L unM taa(y rd 
near IinIIi. MagnjlKent ' 

CCH FH £80.000 _W»OV -AST 
S0G8 da)' Ot-TM 5269 exes, 
MEHOAn tTMrtouStocS tWgtW 
m quirt. KMfvMtnnu&imm 
qansen. OCH C6SOOO. m 
Ol 265 7077 r\m»nm 

Retire- lo reotnOy camplet- 
«L l and 2 beds and 
-penthouse ' a p artm ents 
Ftetthedte an ttnaedterty 
high atandanl with spec- 
tacular - view.- over 
Newquay harbour and 
coast Resident Secretary 
provides; coa np rabenatve 
security , and . services. 
Tram £52^00 id £88.000. 
For further detaUs:- 

Laga awacM diabdhed cot- 
■go artaceni open FoesL Open 
pen Iving me wteh i n flbnoBii. 
dnei|) nouVkWb. 

Maww/cMowni. MM Mann, 
nMy. 4fi badnxjiiia, -beMpom 
and aepBale wx. OsaCH DHe 
Gangs. SUfait, gante and pad- 
dock agpMR. K acre D87X00 
-HUM MMfert Ptace. Mnvsood 
Tot 2311 

. rvcip*. ml dta. any gsn. 

we. Price C2SOOOO, Tee 01 
‘ 493 9428 Man-Ftl OII)ce *»*• 

FASSU.Y Moan cut tov course 
5 recto's bed 2 bath Me kMrhen 
utility roam granny (IN dHr oae 
Ige gdn mptis views. £ 266000 . 
Trt eenaumatnl 3112 

C BS ni l A a A . Ftatitne new on 
BaitynaMncti Catur EsWe. 1 
Saiaon -sea trout rod in terse- 
iulty«\MlBbte. intoi. sealrouL 
brown trow In > ad nay. tea. 
tennis, pony trackins- beames 
. tally equtved. 3 bedroom. 
CUjOOQ. Ireland 090 21178. 

NEW 8 Bedroom houw ui in 
a n» Mte osertookinv sea. Near 
beam and waicetonl AiroorL 
i 1 -- how room to catwteh. 
Plume Own rwlonv Pav= 010 
353 SI 76332. IWflM: OlO 353 
61 B3408 


TradUKuiaJ Scottish Farro- 
house. dellshUOIly sttuaied 
tn an area of great beauty 
near loeft Ken. Set Ur 3 
acres south facing land 
wtih excellent oudmUdings 
3 bedrooms 2 reception 
rooms. CH. 

-Offers £70,000, 

New Galloway 
(06442) 471. 

EW SCOTLAND- Holiday Mow 
Rrttnment homes a\ailablr In 
- this Bid) (Xitel area of Scot- 
land Prices from Cl 5.000 . 
CBO.OOO MrCorrmrl. A 
NtrnoHon SoHnion A Esalr 
Agents. Ab Victoria street. 
Nmi-Kw Stenvart.Trt. 0671 

CALLOWAY - on the 
Sown toesi roast of ScoUand. 
J8 Rules from Dumfnm superb 
Luxury Srandinaiian Log Bull 
Houses for sale 3 bedrooms. 
MlUignan. kilrnen. bathroom. 

Ideally situated on landscaped 

sue 400 yds from beam. 800 
ns irom 90 if rourse. statues 
nearby. For lufl details wrue or 
Meohone Bar rod Properties. 

HvtBome fleactfs 5 3ft 2 
ban teseence tawag wooes o 
select sei. 2 recs. suev. 
ut; creak rm. uctnr on. tiaan in- 
tegral flaiate Sot Djs v 
eeaitne. Immesme posses 
sun £165000 F.H ALSO 5 
Defl. 2 be* rescera m 2 
at Lmostdc, eacnz trnmi 
Trust GreenoeiL £225X100 F,H 


& soxs 

01-688 5565 




To open country s me Ten 
mins walk Guilford Station 
8 large Be ds. 3 Dal Ik 4 
receptions CCH. Garden 
Double garage. Wing Of 
Victorian mansion 

Freehold £187.600 
Trt 104831 64660: 


ideal tarty toemon tor al 
schools Spacious sung ol Vk- 
turon house. Good dacnatm 
nder. 3 toe Reaps. 3 dbl Beds. 
1 sgle Modem I/I ktdwn. Uui- 
em spoons tteftroom. GCH Lq{ 
ceUar. DUe gnge. Mature H 
acre oanfan. AB man services. 

hfeOZn 22281 

WOKma. peaceful tree lined Av- 
enue. Short walk town .-station 
Waterloo 25 Mins Easy access 
A3. M3 M26 H Row. CWwwH. 
Character deiached Iwcee 
Gauih lacing gdn and enormous 
•un terrace. 5 Beds. 4 Receps. 2 
Buhi. 24 fl kllctien CCH Coe 
Pius parking 4 carv Folly 
modenmed. CJose mperO mar 
kel town of Guildford and 
Country £200.000 F Hold 
Tel. 04862 220BI 

MMLOOM PUT and 2 tenant'd 
Bungalows Plot 4011 s lOOft 

taitn planning for 112 h m 
Bunaoldw. Oilers around 
£70.000 Tei Epsom 27297 
•dayj 0836 220327 >nnj 

EKIM Igr V mo nan hse. 1 2 
acre gdn. atari rd. 1 2m lown 
renlrr 7 bed. 2 balti. 2 rrcep. 
Igp kit. oge.grti. Offers osrr 
£200.000. Epsom 20932 
SULDPMtfa. a DO 3 rer. lam 
Mine. Mil. gge. Meimnung pi. 
near ichools Easy access lawn 
rty. Hypermarkrt. mcuorway 
C16&OCO Tel 0483 69765 
MAS FAtMHAM veld spacious 
del bgiw. 3 beds. uU offices 
GCH. dbl gar. ■■ acre, heart (8 
tillage nr sui schools Cl 1 2000 
Frensham i023123i4488 


» a railage rural kxafwn 
knmge. molenook. beams 
ku brnak 2 oedt.c H oar perns 
garden £92.600 030679 629 


CLWYDu 13 miles Chesirr On, 
linelise Edwardian 4 
beoroomed rounlry house rt 
grrai rnarartrr. including wood 
panelled rooms and iwo knch 
rm. etc. Matured oaroens. 
oarages, stables, workshops and 
paddock. In all T-: acres. Pan 
oramtr s lews £80 000 
Trtrpnone: 0244-48637 
Hanning comenf lor house 
oienooking 80 acres rscenenl 
paslurrland. 3 4 mile riser 
frontage 3 miles from M4 cm 
lers milled Trt 0792 BBSSoO 
ACRON VALLEY Prenv rounlry 
riuprt >I834 i arc hiieei com 3 
bed home EC 7 healing main 
water romforf good garcMns 
£35000 Mernert »»7423itiia 
siramOMiA entunvF conage 

lurne-ned. mooernised 2 beds 
garafe» garden maim sen ires 
140000 OHO Tel 0745 4197 


1 tar London Beautiful gnure 
Hm Hat (weitookmo me a mu}. 
Large uauwsy. large lounge. 2 bed- 
rooms. battiraam. titud kitchen, 
faiy decorated. Lou ot parking 
space. 5 mats walk Irom sea trore. 
HUH. Oamrtmlnta nH HxB 
TH tai ihuiuihmi k «m 
■M2 529ZO tar ar 020 5TB 431 


Wesibury 3 miles iPad 
dinqlon 80 mlnuiesi. 
Balh 16 miles. Modern 4 
bedroomed executive 
house - 2 bathrooms, 
double garage. ^ acre 
pm ale mature garden. 


0373 88529 

Let us do It for you... 

.. Saving time and trouble. 
If you are looking In Sus- 
sex. Hampshire or Keni. 
coniaci us today. Mortgage 
and design advice also 




AJJDWtCK BOGfiOft RSOtS 3 bed 

manoneue wiui Hiung room 
mod kii oaui sro wc CCH dole 
gli> garaoe. beach 4tX» yds imm 
post £39950. 0243 266562 
k» LEWES. LBtrt Georgian vil- 
lage hse 4 beds. 2 baths I m 
stale. 2 rec rim. larmhse yi£ 
cellar Gas rti. mmily rrdec. 
C76JOOO Holland 082384 704. 
SATCHELOR FLAT Hove rt* tea 
newly dec. carpeted fang lease 
low outgoungs uili hoi* or retire- 
mrnl £21000 Bnghton 363307 


2 ACHES ON A 40 - Carmarthen 
/Lkmdrtlo 7 imm Outline for 
res devetormenL MagmfM-enl 
village position with rouMrv 
/rasile views. Easy acre* M4 
tan amrnllm. -07921 894863 


t87SStntT8MEI4 Remort- 
gages ltw .1 Mortgages 
available 3 « loinl income or 
36 v mam * 1 5. Any purpose. 
Free jgi ice. Tel Whiilingian 
LtPOl 247 3123 



The only monthly national 
catalogue of old and histor- 
ic homes for sale. Buying 
or swung 
C . frt » 


Bw flif ul | i Co, 

Ctwbtaam GU24 8HQ 
Tol W905-79U/S128. 

BATWkCt.Pulleney sisnenut 
ord n naL CartusKe art- tin . 
■ms -21 xl 8 A ■ .- 2 lxl Bn math 
wtm ime mouidmgM A-l4Xli. 
Balh. Kticti.-cikr & uUl. doeg. 

. hcaL-c A e rinctiadi £130 000 
Tel levew 0761 70658. 

WILTS NtRE. Chanmno two 
bedroomed matched Cotlade 
Two fine reception with ingle- 
nooks and exposed beams. 
Modem fully rated kitchen 
About 4* acre lawns. £69600. 
0960 620646 

•UNBURY- Rural - Cheshire. Del. 
House 1 2yrs old. S bed. 2 batra. 
2411 Inge, din rm. cloaks, dbie 
garage. Oilers £66000. Phone 
0829 260660 


■AHNELLA Altracuvr rurahhM 
2 bedroomed naL Spectacular 
sea A mountain stews I mile 
Town centre £22.000 from 
owner. 01-720 8890 


3 double bedroomed de- 
tached villa Fully lurmsned 
lo a high standard. 

£32.000 ono 


VILA Maiorra. 4 bedrooms 
with balnrooms. landscaped 
gardens. Ooodhl port 
£150.000 «STD0932-1 243642. 
Maiorra. fOID347l-> 670622. 

PW. Ttl Ol 229 1642. 
MAJORCA apts A villas for sale 
SW coast from CIO GOO lo 
£260.000. 0632 780862 24 hrs 

VILLAS and apartments lor sale 
in Menorca Please telephone 
Ol 937 4274. 

day Homes i. wide selection of 
vi has and apis from £ 20.000 
£76 000 Beech locations 

available in Ptava del Cura. Pla- 
ya del limes A San Agusiin. 

Luxurious bungalow* tn the 
Manna ol Pasilo Blanco Pay- 
ment m msiaitraeois. Him 
return secured lor lourtdK ex- 
puuiauon and all W9W 
reautremerus lulllllled. IMor- 
mauon Ol 839 1531. 


In die only Soantah provenre 

ewmM of VAT wilh high itH 
une HMinsi trade all year 
round. Plots avadable in vari- 
ous sots lor coral ruction or 
IMifU devefogmefils m beam 
areas. High returns on capital 
also bant guarantees noswWr 
all lead reauuemertrt luUilied. 
tuformalKHi 01 839 1581. 


CLUNSouin Teraertfe^ Ajgrt- 

~ men is * Villas Irom Cl 4.960. 
Our approach Is only ten mitt 
(ram the airport and we can ot- 
ter ewellpnl lanlllles W. beach 
leunis bowls ndinjgoif rou^ 
and much more Tel ■ » hrTO I 
938 2616 or 02144! TO2& 

LANZAROTE. 9 1 umiriaus bumja 
lows in Pueblo MannerotCosa 
Tecuisei Private qdns. Pncr 
from C46 60O-C72L00O. High 
mm for KHinsuc mMottaiion 
all leqal remurrinents fulUiUrd. 
InlarmatKMi OL 839 1681. 

HITTS l '3 BCD. N w and Vtx nt 
b*h Superb views. From 
03.000 Tel 0590 46995 

You can't afford 
to ignore 

the Marina del Este - 
the finest in 
Southern Spain 

n — 

h his 
. Se : 
2. on 


1M. Ehzaurth Vpd-Vosni 168) 640 3S0 


Prtvaie sale «h floor 
apanmem m (he mosl ex- 
rluslve bforft In Cannes. 
Set in 30 acres of oarden 
and facmg due Sown with 
an umnierruMed lull sea 
iw. One large bedroom 
■air condi. large living 
room, luxury bathroom 
and kitchen Enhance hall 
with seprraie lavaiorv and 
rittkepoin The apartment 
is ol pgreMional i7B0 
so III FuUy and braulilully 
(iirtiKhed and including 
large store room on the 
9 ourw noor Swimming 
pool, inmis courts, rlc in 
I he grounds. 

Rapiy la BOX AID 

visit the WlMiMII.I.IIll.l.: 

Algarve Spring EXHIBITION 

Presenting an Exciting new Freehold 
Development of Luxury Apartments & 
Houses, at Albufeira in the Heart of 
The Algarve - prices from £42,000 

WED/THURS APRIL16 th 17 th ^Pu 

Showroom: 31 ST.GEORGE STREET, PJ. L.IOT'T' 
. LONDON W1. Tel: 01-491 '2677 - * 

(off Hinover Square, opp. Solhebys) ' ' . <i . ' . 

i in i i m n ait vi a af.ktMVff f; 

tm Mi JunrfMn * with Hnk 
id Mas. 'B m ihfl -roam, s 

dov>rte bedrro*. 8 batarnw. 

FCH Fuw decor breaming 
period fralures- Onutyard 
wKh raroort * care, 
ci 96X100 Buyer ha*' nrst re- 
fusal n a w n m g- . n o h ow 

rottagr wIDl FCM. £38.000. 

•IOIVIDUAUST8 t-Thoue church 
hall Mil nr T. WNN- PWNUd 
vaulted mi nsi gafl Bjgdioy. 
rtmveri a bed comets CWrt 
ofim over C1«U»0, 01 388 

KENT MEDWAY Town Roches 
ler" 7 Rules mddenused house 
dated 1690 a bad 2 rer tern 
Ingiena oK ver y rural M r Roger - 
Shorn? 3333- £90000 

BROMLEY Superb mod two Me. 
sErttaTweTflU*. CH. UW rm.. 
lid a»«tos rots. 9fln» I* jjm 
CHI Q6SJBOO. 01-464 7489 

CWP.ERtRMT. MMini drlSre- 
replioii. 4 tjeflnrom. 2 balh. oak 
fchrhen. wnftjr garden rtnse 
Mauon. £163.000.01-4609317 

AJ» Qflft 05731 3811 
Pare Cn* 0932 64351 
BdBBdChnht 037266614 
Wo 8)5512 


3 Beds. 2 Bkmmm. Soac lounge 
And Ka 9CT Odd tawanss to 
baunxm 'i Acre. amjAeWy 


- Tel 0083011185 
OR 01 549 8583. 


lari, small w im» taws, buill 
lo order m traditional Style. Vll 
taw or moidid isolation in ine 
beautiful Southern 

Prtopennem From £39.000 m 
rilKtie Robert Conuna U>799i 

22641 bun ub tin 


sale atiwinina Dancy World in 
a nxMU developing area ai 
very advatageems pncM. Praia- 
Pri la London IE- 20 April. Trt 
Ol 730 1369- 

MCE (LA CAUDCI Mous* I5lm 
Nice. 6 kms Venre. 6 beds 2 
hans tae gardens Ideal lamilv 
or noiKlav home. Planning 
perm fhr pool Fl 460.000 Irl 
■□10 33l 94 32 00 48 
BUY CHS wtdn wleriton of prop 
mifs and mbs ai> rrenore ot 
Trance, Tree catalogue on rr 
UUOU FM. BP 78. 33026 
Bordeaux Cedex. rranre 
BRITTANY, Dordoonr 6 Soulh 
bfieciion of Drnprrties ronaarr, 

id rhahuuv from C 1 0.000 Sro- 
rluire Ol aas 2733 >ti 

IT ALT VHiagr at 16 kms from 

San Rvtno. OM houvr igr wk. 

sflualnl in nutal locruian. 3 
rocum. kuchrn WC. rmlar. h-r- 
race. Sun Ml*"> C*mn. t& 
Avenue de la Corse. 13077 
Marseille France 


VILLA teLALAAA - Algarve 
linuh 2 bed aparimenl . Large 
sin i no room A lerrare. 
t76J»0 Coman pameio on 
01 937 7244 £ja 3201 men mr 
al Cnestmom tuiooean Prop- 
er tv Show at The Dorcnener. 
on 22M 23cd April 

VALE DO LOBO, The Algarve 
Luxor i- i man for vale in tats 
well known mart. 3 4 bed- 
rooms won pool From 
£86.000. 0572-06466 
ALGARVE. Utunaie in hmm. 
Villas & aparn. vale ae lom. 
Car dvk<. o&p* 0778 344499 

£3.860 4 wkft artmiab forever 
Brocn: duo 1 i 04B2 8i64io. 



For sale due n «i oeaHn Aflyu 3 
Vi OKI Pn» cangsemg ol 120 Sq 
Ums use ms age srt n 600 
Ueuifs andscuMd gran Exano 
•nutated vd ciaa « Uartue wn 
amnuni meat work. Ige bni 
3 ige nedraons 2 tamniE and 
Wwd ui 8t n a «8f» ittfi sannra 
Ine house s ottered mmptne non 
ad lumdure Carnet and mtigns 
era Hoi water « omwoed bv Sob 
Pares *ntn Gas uuk uck up 
£75000 TeJ 0277 65fiM6 « 0)0 - 

Id Pono EUnuv 2 tms. luiiv 
lunuMvd asanmnu wilh ail 
luxuries, iti in acres oi paradise 
oardi'ih. havmq 2 large feaiurv 
swurinung poob. direrl atirv. 
to wnov tyarn wilh all vpier 

ftpon* err 2 nunuln walk lo 
drallir harbour rmlauram and 
Chops Genuine vale £40 &M 
Etrhanoe LK Land properly 
Terms ixnwole sane lOSiagrni 
fern. Trt OSSS 761 796. 

LuvunMn villa nunidn irom 
■hr Aloftj Gou Course. 6 beds. 6 
baihroom. I'; yni gardens 
Swimming pool Every luvurv 
C240.OOO.Ot 461 6621. 

Nonnwood 166 1 28645 

SIHffL 9 bedrooms, tanw. 
tuitiroom. knrnen laroe bairo- 
ny. 3 sear old nai. Full* luro 
£17.600 Tel- 0734 E09339. 


Drum Ohm os 047 482 3696 
AMMLUCU 60 arrr hill Male 
imd Malaga Cordrtag expoicn 

un small me csmooo wime 
■or snare posh BOX F40. 
MALLORCA San Aqusfln super l 
or apt pci vale grounds & pool. 
Furnnhed £36.000 Details 
10376148193 I027976I60B 
MARMA Fiat. Rous. CdMa Bra. 
Ground floor. 2 bed fursiHhed. 
swimming port £14.900. Tel. 
<042 l$J 65945 

MOIACAR, Aimena. Spun. 4 
Oedrm. iamllv pufimmi fuiiv- 
rauipaed.Mfa views Tel 01 -943 



All classified ad*miscmciiti 
ran be accepted by telephone 
(except Announcements!. The 
dcadBnc Is 5.00pm 3 days prior 
to puMtcaikM tie 5.00pm Man- 
day for Wednesday! Should 
>oo wish to send an advense- 
mcni in wniiog please indude 
yoor day lime phone number. 
PARTMENT. If you have any 
queries or problems rtbiing to 
your advertisement once it has 
appeared, please coman our 
tusiomer Scrvtaa Department 
by ickpboac on 01-4*1 3006. 


CLEW HELP The National Be- 
npunenl Fund for inn Aped lo 
prm idr inr.' rurtnnn tor I nr 
rrhet Of bain m rondriioir. Me 
mhnie ud dm a marmne 
Dondimtn ptrmr- lo I hr \ is- 
rouni Tony bandy csuurtnan 
■ NBF A. 55. Newport SC London. 

mmaschmo ammef t 

> 0 u ordered extra lor me. 

I wav lo vnd a pnlurr: 

This is the brst I ran do. 

I pr unwed h remenwtee. 

Years Idler I do 
H iour promise still solid f 
New yisrh Qlv: 71B S71 49S2 
nhrreanouis « inn menu rami 
tnjueslrrl bv LITE Magazine 
01 doe 4IM0 exl 260 



•oOaj . CongraluUUons. 


tn AlaMp Mr ooe or iwaddxsan 
Ihi* nnCnHl el Uie 22 nd ho 

inuhrr IB lo 200 high 
Btiedsdiils nvhdjv with an nos 
uNr Idr inues m ntdomurrm 
Gdlkiuav Ctouulrv Tel' Anlonv 
riennmi Smith evenings. 0507 


iuih'In Cal U -lutMUS 
Serirf. 306 Vauxnall Bnd9e 
Rnari 1 ondon sal \ I AA 


Bonn. lire, urmnie O week lull 
link- murv skirls 28ttt APlil. 
1 pi luir* and iisiK lo leading 
I h ailisls and ’ r.ilfwitm Tel 
r*l Ildip.l1 Ol 5M 06137 
nflOUHW. Lmr nr Marriage 
All .mp-s. areas. Dtldinr Dept 
■QI6.71 AlHnqrtan Road. Lon 
linn toR Tel Ol 038 lOll 
BREAKAWAY. London's mm lor 
ptiMessinnal uuailairhed people 
2S AS lulo lane 24hrs 907 7994 
h.illwtiiiie Alien lev foreran Of 

Ik ei person^ inimiisis? 

Sadies R VII. Ol -199 2556 
HEART to HEART. Todays Mas 
nl man i nq Confmemuil mfro- 
dur lions (hroughoul LK lor 
ronmaiiKMi»tiiD. F nrmtship. 
Mariiaqe Heart lo Heart. 52 
I <• infra l Rd. Twickenham. 
Mulrn Ol 8 02 2051 
COMPANY COLT Dai » organised 
l.v stall or ruvlomerx Am lo 
canon Tel 0734 872722 

WHEN IN LONDON rent a TV or 
iHfpfi m- day. vvk or month 
TOPS r\ Ol 720 4464 

CALIBRE CVS profesuonallv 
unlien and produred 
rinnnilum vilae documenlv. 
Details Ol 580 2059. 



Bid ton i metei iw» cn ament 
row IJfs oNqf J It so Camp Bnrr 
•ra ret as you tar 9 «fe»s ra lew 
■nwts jns jrd ante, m r. Bmrrrcan 
Sumner Camp BoNfiK ■flCUr Fr« 
WTumfwm |ifie Warn oorvtimon 
ev art X « 6 ha me Jmi* 
pm to 

Camp A meric a, 
Dept TT29 
37, Queens Gate, 
London SW7 
or cafl 01-581 2378 





WK-anden Cortcooiasi Tiles, 
desnm natural Mltv C8 46 
per sq yd + V AT woof nos 

Bet her raruels 4m wide Me*, 
sun narked £4 -55 per sq yd 
♦ VAT. While storks UU. 

182 Upper ftchmond Road 
London SWia 

01-876 2089 

Free esUmaks-Gwerl filling 

[tort OOUM nottiUW? 
Writing Pie Ghooin lB2T? 
Lnsurt you Include 

Our prices can't be missed 
■Bin or hire iron onrv llwmi 


AiDany 51 reel NW1 

Tel: 01-935 8681 

XiiiUny Place, stia 

TcL- 01-854 4517. 

A ISIh Century rentita lumi 
line mrluduio Dunum AJinur 
Pa eii. Tllchmarvn A Goodwin 
l? miHion tforfcx for immediate 
airiisetx'. NMNrbed. near 
Hnilev 10491 1 041115. 

BninienKHilh ir«202i 29S5M1 
Toeslum i03»287i 7443. 

Ber Seles CIO- iOJ55i 81095? 
paster neds and Cemoun si vie 
belli oom I urn il ure in Sew and 
Mahogany * eneer s Larqe 
slnuToom non open The Bum 
fenire. Rndim Tcf. 'Orjai 



Ise have tickets lor lime and 41 
l he. lire and soorls. Tel 631 
5714. 637 1715 All major 
< refill roods. 

THE TIMES 178S-1W8. Oilier 
lilies avail Hand bound ready 
fn, presentation aKo 

"Sundays" £12 50 R e member 
to I »n Ol 688 6325 
TICKETS for any event. Cals. 
■SlalliqM Cup chess. Les Ml* 
•XU inealm and worts 821 
0616 '828 0495 

■X I si visa - Diners 
SEATFMOCRS Any even! Inr try 
Mr.. Covenl Gdn. Starlmhl Lw. 
touuMedon. (flvndeooutnr Ol- 
K28 1678. Major rredH raids. 
THE TIMES U0I4 1485V Che 
someone an anginal issue dated 
me very day Ihev were bom 
I el 91 48 6 6305 
eh can you buy moaner? B a 
S lid. 01 224 1947 8468 
PIANO. Medl until red upngM 
tsl (lass rand. CHS. Can ar 
rame drill rrv. 01 453 0148 
1086 For &4U-. Telephone 01- 
630 7121 

Pfssise Telephone 737 2512 


ISM Rea util 111 figured matioga 
in lulliard I able, carved legs, 
buss pot krtv prKline rondilKm 
£3 600. TCM0642I 744585 



c.iml.tI puastEhAsps hand mslv’VC'vithalicrlh.T v rial mviihol 
SB^jritumdla-m cTrutmetilsandniiw Uy nra.Y4w;js* . 
amiviirSutOi3i Riscaivh FunJi^wato rfWv iMiii.'tuikxisffixniin' 
fSfic. ,\iKf we ii[yvni>> tn»l mav roewy icvonimuc un> nu) pvirii 

pf'iya'hetpusK sCThbi^ViYtfdaviOiTllO. 



R.svaiccflcff^^grt’.fe: 56 'JKdn* inn Farids fndwi wz \ _ 'FN 



t B \M rsrelleni condilKMl 
£1.600 00 Trl Ot 828 1129 

MILTON untWHT fir and Pianu 
la Miin .Mnuel ■ described, as 
Rolls Rnvreol Aiwnran piano 
las bv luncr who has looked 
alter ll for vrars CoileriorX 
pinre Mahmyanv LvrH. rood. 
Ralls & roll rah, net A ««H Re 
plv in BUS Ao2 
London's leading rocialrsl in 
new and resiored pianos tor me 
larges) genuine selerlKm dial! 
.line 50a Hnh**r Hd NWS 
Ol 367 7n7i Tree rauioour 
and rerondilnned Ouainy al 
n-aspn.ihle PTKey 326 Brighton 
Rd. 5 Croydon 01688 3515 


COVENT CARDEN Lin sen lea 
Hals 5lps 2 3 t?76 pw 946 

HOLLAND PARK. Busmen ever 
on ■■Mended Irip abroad tun for shun m 2 rerep 
lions. 5 neds I ' ■ halhs. All mod 

rmr. LSOO pw RHerenres Re 
plv m BOV A78- 
henstmiion Col TV 24hr swBd. 
Ilk tkillinqham ApK 373 6306 
SHORT LETS - Luxury fully fum 
apfr- in Bloomsbury. TH 409 
03*** *T» 

roul In r-v r cent London 
Slav £500 mr. 01-720 6451 
ST MIMES SW1. Luxury 2 bed 
i ui iv lurimned semred apt nr 
park Ol 373 6306 iTk 
WS LARGE Hiwde serviced brdsd 
in pnvjlp house £40 pw mcl 
Tel. Ol 224 1745 

LADY TEACHER 1271 rurrmtlv 
learhinu general suMertv »iin 
nnphav. on games al prep 
school seeks more rnadenging 
work, alinnativr career, ideas 
please Repll lo BOX 485 


RANGE ROVER Jan 84. Green. 2 
dOM manual. Janweed lirbo. 
eter sunroof window* 

Blaupunkl stereo 25.000 miles. 
£10.800 Tel 01731 5674 


room for 2 nd Ir 
male in mixed slkiied llal ol 
four very nose lube £34 50 
pel week inclusive Tel: 585- 
4586 IHI 

imbed 1 st floor room m 
allrbruve lerr hse nose lo lube, 
sud 2 girls 10 share £65 00 per 
week exclusive. Ol 377 B050 

LITTLE VENICE Young prof, 
m f.n »- lOQfi garden Very m 
Warwick Ave A Ugware Rd 
lube*. £60 pw tnr 01-725 1308 

HA MMERSM ITH. Lovely room m 
I dimly house £60 pw met 
DrkNI. Ten 602 4312. 

PROF FEMALE 1261 but wtUi 4 
texiremtly weU behavedi MHrs 
■a man rats', seeks flai/houw 
share wilh garden. South Lon 
don area. Tel SioMun Reeve* 
Ol 937 1594 UO-6 nmi 
with 2 prof female* Ige newly 
decoraled Mr C H Own bed 
and bain Clow lubes £60 p.w. 
inrt. F 25 Plus. Tel Lorna Work 
9-5. 6-10: 01 740 8040 
HW3 deMahd id spanous I IMflr 
l ned flat 7 irons BN si re park 
lube. Avail UU Xmav Sun single 

or couple Cl JOpw 0923 
48849 or 01 794 3888 
B ALHAM Lux spacious I urn 1 
bed rial own siL h*B lg me. 
OCH lei SuH pnM rrde lube/BR. 
LOOpw inn 673 8442 
BARNES 2 prof F-s 26* Shr Use 
wuh Owner occupier 1 ligeim 
L55 l suig £40 p w mr Dep » 
refs required Tel 01 748 8734e 
BARNES 'PUTNEY. Prof Female 
smoker seeks own room in 
flat £40 PW Tel: 624 4496 Cxi 
222 Juk<4 

ELEGANT HSE, SW8. Nr Cheteea 
Bridge Bedrm A Saning rm. use 
Of K A 8 N v Prof CfiO pw 
■ pel 01 622 0045 alter 6pm 
FLATMATES Srierine sharing 
toiHlesran intrcxlurlorv servire 
P1 m* M lor appl Ol 584 5491. 
313 Bnxnplon Road Ski 
FULHAM Wl M F 26* O R. 
Share tge mats with 2 olhers. 
Close lube LloOprm nil - 
dep Ol 385 6 326 afler 6 30 
o'r £37 pw I Lge sing O'r. 
£40 rxrl CH 1 CHU Tel. OI- 
402 6322 

OWN BEDSIT for 3rd pro! girl m 
dilracl CH 3 rm k A B ltd. 
n kwking Ballersea P» Ir Hit 
IN ClOOpcm 622 5»'°0 eve 
PROF F 25* IN Si reg lo mare 
hixitaiinw London wuh own 
et O R. £45 plus bill* Phone 
after 8pm Ol TJl J732 
PUTNEY Pnom lo lei In luxury 
no me snare h A B £35 pw 
mrl Tel 01 "*45 1441 Exin 
4145 idavi Ol 788 5845 levn 
SOUmnELDS. Prof ■ n s lor 4 
bed mixed house, g r h Soulh 
faring gdn C27 50 pw 870 
5446 allrr 7 00 pm 

5W19. 3rd Prof M r lo share CH 
house nr Slh toiniMrdon lube 
O R £160 prm inri Tel. S43- 
2085 afler 7 pm 
W2 ProrrsMonal male lemalr 
Ou* loom in thsnmmg houw 
share 3 others. £230 pcm. 
rxrl TH Ol 221 6803 
WOOD LANE W12. Female to 
•hare marsorwnr O H. C H. 
small gdn. rime lidie £180 prm 
esrl Ol 74d 4002 
CLAIM 1AM SOUTH 4ih person lo 
vhrehse O R CH £187 P r m 
* bilh TH 6734083 afler 6 
E. PUTNEY Non-smoker 2S 30 
Large llal £49 53* Telephnne 
235 2692 12 2 00 788 0822 H 
MCHCATC. Prof m I «Oir pleas 
uni qon llal O r £45 pw inr l 
Tel 0008 648404 Exl 30 iDayi 
KENSINGTON Large and eleganl 
room in house Ml ken High SI 
CH £63 pw mrl Tel. 603 1640 
LITTLE VENICE. Prnl shr eleganl 
llal gdn* O R £55 pw 
■nil 482 1 070 iot 284 021S>hi 
MAIDA VALE M F o r. lux llal 
£50 pw inrl TH Oav Ol 236 
1375 eve 3H9 9212 
MAIDA VALE DMe rm in luxurv 
llal lor ? 3 mlhx Meal Inr hne. 
£85 pw Inrl Tel Ol 2H6 4985 

der \ lge 0 r C48 pw exrl CH 
A CHW 01 -H32 5322 
Ml itoxe mi prof VI T. O H in 
xhaTerf hxe CH ClfWprmewl 
TH 354 1 777 afler 7 pm 
HW2 Sid Person ill shr HiM O R 
£150 pcm mcliKliiiq VH & Hot 
toaln Tel 4&2 0508 
PUTNEY MEWS M I shr mixed 
lux IBJ 1 O r 4 imn lube £40 

nw rxrl Ol TH5 2163 
SW17. Prof M PS t. O. R. clow 
lo lube £160 prm rxrl TH 
416 1254 alter a X pm 

SW1S 2 prof males in snare self 
rimiainrd linn flat 0 room 
£50 pw ea Irl 78H 0823 

lor* i.irv Choice M 2 Aug ‘82 
and Der *81 £18^00 and 

£16 950 Boib fine examples. 
fSH TH Ol 509 2149. 




MERCEDES 200T Estate. Ivory. 
1983. many extra*, beautiful 
rondilum Ihrgughoul. current 
warranty and service toiory 
avail- We Move burro _«ke 
£6.950 ono TH. 102491 
816436 or 01-624 7618 


GERMANY Low (are* Mdl destl 
naliarrv Smed Fllk Dumad 
Travel 01 488 9011. ABTA 
SYO MEL £618 Perth C645 An 
mawr earners lo A£S KZ- Ol- 
6H4 7571 ABTA 
deslliMlions Duma* TravH Ol 
488 9011 ABTA 
SOUTH AFRICA JoTiurg IT 0466. 
01 584 7571 ABTA. 



★ ★SAVE E££s** 

★ ★1ST CLASS** 


* 'vV' * * Wisf'iexf * 

* t-"'- * * * 

* • * Fw-.t-r* * 

* ."f.- 5 .", OPS t-=rt * 

* : '* t'O * * Bf.iiiiuiijt. * 

* > * * f MC 4 !** * 

* * :■.■> * # i,x-c * 

* '.'-iK?®! * * ’Mil * 

* l • -;■ * * P.V41X # 

* f". ;-',i * * « 

* . * * i-s-ulf P 

* ,-iKj:.> * * VCX0 j.-> * 

* I Mr."* * * "JP." * 

t r^n * as mx','0 * 

★ * Vn'x tU iWA ** 




.Vi*]: ■Oil «j- 


01-688 2255 

(Est'd 1970) 


Sjimhi. Jo'Burg. Taira Du* 
Iul IvUnbul. Smcaporu. K.L 
IXriln. Bangkok. Hunt Kong. 
Kvtlnvx. Europe. A TTiv 
Xmincak. Flamingo Travel. 
5 Nv» (Joe nee *4 MarWc 
Xirh Lnndun WIH 7 DD. 

01-402 4217/18/19 

npen Sonudjv lfnifM.viu 

10 Europe. WIA A most d"tuw 
non* Dtpkanal Trave l. 0 1 730 

cta'al worldwidr 01 631 0167 
xuis Alai 1893. 


Europe worldwide Cili-Erlg* 
Travel ABTA 01 839 SOU 

Buckingham Travel ABTA 
01836 8622 

usa rcauRG EUROPE Ai£lr.UU 
New Zealand Cmume drctmnl 
lati-v. OTC Ol 602 3236 


Benz Travel. TH 01 385 6414 

EPRJNC M CORrt April .'May. 
initial Knew Tn~ ou r' * alUM.W 6 
villas Ring Pan World HOMoys 
0 1-734 2662 W day*. 

GREECE. Limoni Manas, cheap 
nighh-v uia rentals «e. 2 hi» ho). 
■day* 01-4641 1647. Attn Ana 



vale male 16 raoes noronoe. 
Available 01 874 5554. 

The Palazzo 
Belmonte . 

S WfTZKH LAINFSrtieaukro MMl 
Ol 724 2588 ABTA AT0<U 

USA from G99 Maior travel. Ol 
485 4237 IATA 



WWi attractive openings in a variety of 
npanies: advertismg. pubnsttng, computers 
I tt» wofW of theatre, we can use your strife 
to ftetr best advantage. 

Temporaiy assignment s with a view to 
Tnffiient Dositions are also avaiabie. For an 

t opinion of what wa can offer you, call: 
JtKfi Hutton 

Lucy Arnold 
on 01-629 8863 



prrson wMM for- rxMbtuon 
wadi.. about SO day* arr yror. 
lo.oa hi a.oo. in ExniuuKm 

3 S Juno. Phone A* Brace Ol 
*88 2694. 

sh 90 45 wpm. Start 17 4 86. 
Long lenn. CS.SO ph. NWi 
. ana. 636.4000. AOK CRW 

management coasuHami. while 
pmrot wneury Is onroad. 
Goon sWM me. anonhand. 
rC9.SOO. RW9 5B3 1034 Mer- 
roub Srou RMrallmrot. 

mWUHABV JOHB ovaflaMe in 

Foyln famous bookshop lo peo- 
ple wtui a few mourns to snare. 
Interesting warn, with a chance 
io nay your books ana recants 

generous discount. ApMy m 

writing Hi Foyies. 119 Charing 
Cnm ftoad.. WC2. 


Newmarket . 

Ootag: good to soft 

V-ocntaBndB a W ,n 5^® 3 ® 5:S, I ■ 
Our VHage JO JuiMMO) 9 0 B 

Cocfvaoe(4-1) 1 

S& , ^r4.'JSS^3[" ,<KA, ■* 

(7-4 lav) 3 

ALSO fWH: «M0 fgS4««W 
3L R J WflBaira tf T0»«2 

£7ja DF: ESiKL CSF: EI1JS- 1lrtn 

zk GEorrncr BAwJge 
STAKES (3*y 4} OBWK S3J14: 79 
ZALATTA b f MihJc Bm - Sepha (ft 
Waugh) S 11 B House (14-1) l 

AtNonce Of Matabl.Vajd Apprt - 
Rad Wingjfi TruasBl W B 11 B 
CocRrane (33-1) * 

Oman Hw Dwgif di i ^nnldtote - 
Oan^or Signa JA Shaad) BUM Htt ^ 

ALSO RAJ* 1W lav Royaf Ni*^. 5 
Zumunudah. 13 -2 Soamta. 3 Uwaa 
Vbnod (OM. 12 GM8t L 
Easasm House. 

Baffle. IB 2W- 1W. 
2KL HL W Jarv^ atNwmarkrt. T«k jrt 

— £14.10. nose, oft 



PRAIA UA LUZ - AWne. the 8 
Trope/ of Portugal! Lvov beach 
Hub apn. on sea w pool mvnhv 
May 16 22 fr £149 P4>lb0783 
48811 ATOL 1427. 

Hoi Ida v* of dtamruan ftar the 
very few' TH: Ol -491 0802. 78 
SI JameTa SOrov SW1. 


From £86 pw. AvafUMe MON 
dale*. TH 021 364 5744 


IMJun. Portuguese. The Beal 
Mare lo learn a language H in 
the coumry when H b ipokea. 
Couth* lor an needs -SruOent*. 

Bum new Men. Tourists. For de- 
tails contact: Language STutbes 
Lid. 10 12 James sl London 
W1M 5HN TH 01 408-0481 


9KI TNMES - 18-26 April, mtaa- 
■nq value only £109 pp 
mrluMve mean, accomro and 
rin roach, superb mow condF 
lionx CaH Ski VN tm Ol 903 
4444 or 01 200 6060 124 hrsL 
ABTA S6431 ATOL 1162. 

MARHAMCHUHCH. 1 bedeeuage 

* Sips - i Avail June ■ SeW- From 
£80 PW TH 01 660 5294. 


DRISCOLL HOUSE. 200 angle 
room* C66pw partial board. 
Apply 172 New Kent Hoad. 
London. SE1. *YT. Tet Ol -703 

apart. Col TV. Uurorn Ltd. 16 
Elgin ere*. WL1 01 777 6882. 




• f-1-c i.s'5- 

. >;■> -r Ss^.- 

839 7 'ii 

muff ML £I66pw. 2 bed 
turn apt Mfn 6 mth-^Co M 
■ only. Aka setecUon avaHaMe in 
Si .Jonro Wood A w Hamp- 
.'nfead. A.CB.E, 886 8811. 


The OuHh Oom mt Mtoner* have 
prep a red a draft redundAnty 
trhe me prpv Ming lor the care and 
mamlenanre by B>e Redundanl 
Chwx-he* Fond of I he poHOi 
church and maintenance by the 
Redundant Charcnro Fund ol Die 
partoh church of Hoecliffe SI 
Mary iRlpon moce*n. OoNe* of 
■hr draft scheme may be odamed 
from Ihe Church Comnusaooero. 
3 Ml k bank. London Sw IP 3J2 lo 
whom any reprro e mallont should 
be UN within 28 day* of Uj« pob- 
Hradon of tiro nonce. 



TO : J Chandler fmaiei farmeny 
M 25 Hdl Fori Oow. Maiden Gu- 
ile Estate. Dorr heeler and the 
Gun Room. Church Street. Dor 
rtKilrr. Don*. 

TAKE NOTICE thsi a Bankrupt 
rv Petition nas been pee*enled 
MMni you in IM&Ooun by RKh- 
aro Murphy of East Ooun Lodge. 
Had Note Lane. Weymouth. Dor- 

•H and the Oourt ha* ordered lhal 

the publication of lh» Nohcr in 
the DonM Evening Echo and , 
-Tne Tnne* - newmuner* *hab be 
deemed «o be service of the Pctt- 
■ bon upon yon and further .TAKE 
NOTICE lhal u>r saM Pennon wIP 
be heard al ins Court oh 14th 
«av of May 1986 at JO.30 HI Ihe 
forenoon, on wiwrti day vcm are 
reguired lo appear, and If yoa do 
ml appear Uie Court may make a 
Remving Order agauni you In 

your absence. 

The Pm il ion ran be I mp eded by 

you on apphcaHon at Hot Court. 

HoHoweU A Bollam 

25 Tnmtv Road 



Creditors Soficnor 

C B Wood 
N H Lowe 


WINCH SCHOOL? 1986 - The 
Guide to independent school* «. 
now- available from W.H.Snnh 
or ik reel from Truman A 
Kmqnury. 76. rm Noiung Hdl 
Cate. London WX1 3U Tet 01- 
. 777 1742. 

POST OFFICE A Stores. Salary. 
£13250. Storm £6.000 annum 
Freehold. Sewmoi aoedfomo- 
dMtoh. £90.000 uKhntina 
Stork- Reply to-fiOX FM. - 

Rural C a B B » R of Cw r a l PulUUibwi 


. £4,430-£7,434 inc. 

Be pidd to be trafneit fn aH aspects of office seork but bring 

wIDi you Qulcfc and ncciFaCO typing tuns and a metbodlcai 
mind. Cood career prospects for brtahl coDoge leaver. 

14 Princta Oate. Lundon SW7 7PU. 
Tab 01-481 3232 dal 220 



gmrrd desperately. TH 
Coventry 102031 357963. 

W — I EBON Debenture rob 
warned tor private commie*. 
Top prices Md. Ol 22B 0423. 

lo lei. Del. a bedrooms. 16 mN 
radius of Reading. Co M 2 yn. 
TH: 0734 781874. 

BOX WANTED for naval Ascol - 
June 17.18.19. and 20lh. 
Please THrohone 01 628 4891 

TKMtl WANTED lor Wind*- 
don. FA Cup Final. A other 
event*. Ol 223 4860. 

lurro wanted. Teh . 0272 


HOT TURKEY. Magnif. 12-berti 
crewed mawr yartd fr £1000 
pw Ol 757 3861 iPdlirM 01- 
526 10005. A 1012091. 


SEYCHELLES. Guernsey Islands 
Ol 836 4585 ABTA 


n oia r nr gently require to purchaaa 

ImmeiH n^g galh (rflSf. VatnaHmw IH B lifl . 

65 New Band Street, W.l- Telephone 01-689 0651 




87 Regent SlreeiLondon Wl. 
TH 439 6534 IK .Overoea*. 
AiMi.niJiHps dom* temp perm ' 

opening nud June rebinre* fid 
and pan bmr vlafl. Must PC flu- 
mi - m Thai language and 
rx p ehenred in adl aspect* Of 
Thai food wriKe. Salaries 
high and negotiable. The fol- 
lowing pniuai* are asatUMe: 
Head Chef*. 2nd Chef*. Prep. 
Chef*. Head waiter ess's. 
Waner rot's. Bar Mff. Cash- 
iers efr Reply In Thai OT 
English please wim reieranres 
and CV lo BOX EB7 The Tmw*. 

V inama Street. London. E1 

«nooe lanurv. Cerman lan- 
guage essential: mature, 

independent lady. Ntmnnober. 
Cooking, ink domesnr duties 
and hefp with 1 teenage gm. 
Own- room. TVr Immedlale 
start- Reply Ms Gander 01-629- 
3681 Krif'. 

Amenran lamdy in Tokyo. 3 
year OM girt. Non-smoker. Ref 
error**, suui May. Aprty: Mr* 
Pmmm. Tec 406 2344 iMorn- 
trips only'. 

i ll , W, 


Mv beautifuilv appointed vd 
la. on Uie sea and 
overtookinq a sandy bearh. 
Hero* 7. is lurnehed and 
equipped lo the highest stan- 
dard and ha* a lovely Min 
lerrare and leova III* avail 
able UI May for 0750. June 
mr £1975 and nrsi I on night 
in September for C9SO. 

TdcpboM 9525Z3 334 


km wrol of Marseille*. 2 bed 
flat in viDa 300 yards Irorn 

beam and Shopi. sins 4 
Available lor foruugnily IctUng* 
Mav June. Seal £95 a w. and 
Aug £1 SO pw. Cohlacf Mr 
Burio SO 'Avenue Mpsenoo. 
13000 Aufro-Pravroro.- Tel 
• 1421 231 576 

France. Studio fUM m detune 
apt* Winter summer 5 Bar- 
moiompwx. Bnohion BMl 1HG 
i027Ji 25404 Belvedere Hon- 
dav Apanmems ud 
Bn I lam Alps A Ccn. 

wiui toiipout Intwv 01602 

BRITTANY. Seaside ranagro 
irom tlOO p w. en+agnr Hob 
dav* 0226 156761 357477. 




Spring Brooks 



I Wi horn EI'SOO- 
SowFflEE cNduiKn Anri 235 
Haj 59 12 

Famty whs & rimfcos ckoe 6i qhn-. 


Art4atv«v fWMfiou? o* Sunmor 

IBm Island Holidays 



Immedlale onemngi for two profeaMmakL 
(11 HfcMr aap i r l u N o d cask and 
121 Hmukaapar. 

mr dnmnunaikng Enguritseeaklng eaecouve family al country 
hooir Live ui accommodation and mlvav* amenities Mud be 

pretured hi re-lorair outside the LK fpol Middle East. Far East 
or Southern Hemhpheroi. Rofurn air tore IP LK PNd annually. 



Required for iniematioaa] businessman 
based in London. Musi have excellent ref- 
erences which will be confirmed and be 
prepared for frequent overseas iraveL Pre- 
ferred age 28-35. 

Telephone Mr Redshaw on 042 121 4S28 


bv Kensington family wilh 2 boys (2 & 7. years): 
Kindness and intelligence more imponam than 
lengthy experience. Musi be driver, non-smoker 
and ultra clean. Good salary and accommodation 
offered. Serious male applicants also .considered. 

TEL: 01-937 9380 . 




Livch ad agency require well 
fpokn prescnuble recep- 
UOflLa/ swhcht PMd operator 
(monarch) based Wl. Two 
^bs exp erience necessary 

Salary £7,000 
Tot 409 3*53 ■* 284. 

fTERYinm 125+1 with rxx>r- 
itrnrr rriiand for one branch 
aomey m Victoria. Salary new>- 
liable. Phone O. V. Selection 
< Ret Condi 01 -82A B34S 

41 1DD PnssMty graduate wffli 
serTPUrtal mMdng. common- 
sense. numerate. Phone Jane at 
Home Buyers' Advisory Ser- 
vice on 01 725 6001 

FART-TV8C Bilingual Typtol 

• 6er: Foreign meurance compo- 
nv seek* tynlU sec. Cood 
speed*. Fluent frewti -rosennaL 
CiigMn mothOT- tonwe. Spanish 
would be an advantage, salary 
negotiable. Hour* lo suH. Pnef- 
nanry ao+ write with full CV. 

• to; J M dr Lorrrao. 1st Floor. 
8 12 New Brktge LSL London 

PART TIME. iMKSpru secrriaty 

. P A. sdnw booh keeping. Home 
based wtl. EAlate Agrol rom- 
memal- property management. 
rC&fiOO PA 01-329 8121 


FLEET f ll HLl SnHntor with 
small varied pr u r inv rromm a 
nmpeupl A dependable were- 
larv Legal expenenre dew- 
cable MX not essential- Salary 
ore a £9 000. TH Brian Lewis 
01 563 3*98. 

PORTERS needed to work m ah 
• rxrtnng new devetapment of 
luxury Hals. Varied work. 40 
hour week, appliranis must 
nave L'K driving ucenec. Can 
Sally Oamns now 01-777-691 1 
ar apply in writing lo 77 Palace 
Court. London W2 AJE. 

£10,000 + FA After 12 Months 

If you are well travelled with an aptitude 
for. selling or have previous travel agency 
Cxperifence and are looking for a fast mov- 
ing, challenging job in a very busy and 
progressive retail agency, then apply to us. 

Situated in Kensington with all licences. 
Traveicom and the most advance technol- 
ogy, we are market leaders. 

Written applications and GVs to: 


CY Dlibn v AT Rciurm and 
Business Admuuab ah on hourly 
or daily rates- 01 229 0875 


from £99.50 inclusive 

Same-Day Company Services Ud 
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TEL: 01-248 5616 

r-,A. J 

- 1 -* . • . 1 



1b athotbe your car in ihe Times CtassTieft fill fn 
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.iBareb y c a rd). 


_ A3fl On if hcM) 1. maetintit p Smitn 
Bastea. 9-4 fox); 2, Saffron Lore (&,lt 3. 
CaworiB Lad B. 7L 16 ran. NR: 
Yammo. fna Com. D Bsworth. Tote: 
gag; rya eiaa £2ao. nao. df: 

»». CSF: £21.49. Trtcast £224.55. 

W ol verhampton ofiF 

Racing at Wolverhampton 
jesterday was abandoned after 
persisiem heavy rain John Ford, 
the clerk of the course. 
saidiTThe Stewards inspected 
the track this 'moraine and 

course . decided, that ; ■ raane 
would not be possible**. . 

- 'Because of he&vy rain and'a 
need to repair ihe course racing 
at Devon was put back by half 
an hour. . 





Supreme Leader should Brilliant 

by Sonic 

assume command 
over ideal distance 

* . ** 1 1 


Supreme Leader is napped lo 
ixgin his four-year-old career 
m style at Newmarket this 
afternoon by -winning the day's 
most, valuable race, the Eari'of 
Scftdn EBF Stakes. 

On ihecorrespondingday 12 

months ago he showed that he 
was -the sort who comes to 
hand early when he finished 
second to Miller’s Mate rathe 
Wood Ditton Stakes. Just oyer 
a fonnight.Iater. having won at 
Sandown in the meantime. 
Supreme L ea d er did even bet- 
ter when he finished third to 
Shadcedand Baim in the 2000 

Being by Bustmo and out of 
a fast mare by Habitat. Sab 
preme Leader sports a pedigree 
which suggests that he should 
be in his element today gallop- 
ing nine furlongs across New- 
market Heath. What is 
interesting is that in the Derby 
there was only a nostril be- 
tween Damister and my selec- 
tion when they finished third 
and fourth, respectively, be- 
hind Slip Anchor and Law 
Society. Now Damister has to 
give Supreme Leader 5 lb. 

While K-Battery will be as 
hard as nails after winning the 
Lincoln. I still fed that Les 
Arcs could prove the mam 
danger to one and all. It was 
when he was racing over 
today's course and distant 
that he looked so full of 
promise Fast spring when be 
won the Gerry Feifden Stakes 
first time out Thereafter his 
form went into decline, but 
with another year over his 
head I expect him to fiiffTU that 
early promise before long. 

By Mandarin (Mkhad PhilEps) 

Although ihere are only nine 
runners, the Ladbroke Europe- 
an Free Han diem is still as 
open as ever. My feeling is that 
we finish may be dominated 
by the Eddery brothers, with 
nil on Luna Bid just getting 
Uie better of Paul on Sperry. 
Both won at Newmarket as 
two-year-olds: Luna Bid when 
he carried 9si 7Tb to' win a 
nursery on the July Course in 
pud-summer. Sperry when be ■ 
led all the -way to dominate a • 
similar race on the Rowley 
Mile course in the autumn. 

Now Luna Bid is just pre- 
■ ferred in the belief that be will 
stay the seven furlongs better 
on ground that he wifi relish. 
Yesterday his trainer, Michael 
Bjansbard. told me that Luna 
Bid has come on well in the last 
three weeks and that he consid- 
ers him to be just about spot 
on. The only disconcerting 
factor in his mind is Ray 
Cochrane's decision to desert 
Luna Bid and ride Pilot Jet 
instead. But as Blanshard ob- * 
served, jockeys have been 
wrong before and he hopes that 
this will be another instance. 

At least in Pat Eddery he has 
secured the services of a top- 
class deputy. 

With only two races behind 
him Pilot Jet is the least 
experienced member of the 
field, but there was Nothing 
“green" about the way he ran 
away from a big field of 
maidens at Newbury . 

Grey Desire looks to have a 
good chance of winning the 
Aberrant Stakes for a second 
lime in as many years. Like last 
year be enters the fray on the 


Totalised: £35, 3LK* 3.40 , *10 
Going: good to soft 
Draw: no advantage 

crest of a wave after successive 
wins at Doncaster and 
JCcmpton. Fitness apart Grey 
Desire will refish every drop of 
rain that falls beforehand. For 
him it Cannot be too soft. On 
recent form be holds Que 
Sympatica: on past Prince 
Reymo. So I nominate 
Hunttngdale's stable and gal- 
loping companion. Orojoya. as 
the main threat to Grey Desire 

Another excellent jumping 
programme beckons lovers of 
the countryman's winter sport 
to Cheltenham, with the spot- 
light on the Piper Champagne 
Golden Miller Chase. Thts was 
woo by Plundering two years 
ago. However, foliowing a fell 
at Liverpool and some indif- 
ferent jumping at Newbury 
before that. I have now lost 
confidence in Fred Winter's 

Beau Ranger, the conqueror 
of Wayworn Lad at Liverpool 
and runner-up behind West 
Tip at Newbury before that is 
preferred this time. Charter 
Party and Catch Phrase, first 
and second in the Ritz Cub 
Trophy over today’s course ; 
and distance on the last day of 
the Festival meeting have been 
assessed strictly on that form. 

No matter how Von Trappe 
feres in the big race his stylish 
rider, the Grand National 
hero. Richard Dunwoody. 
should be in a happy frame of 
mind again oilier in the day 
having won the Holman Cup 
on Roadster. 

Finally. I give Arctic Scream 
a good chance of winning the 
Steel Plate and Sections Young 
Chasers Championship. 


By Dick Hinder 

Sheikh Mohammed's flying 
filly. Soak Lady, is aO the 
rage. for the 1,000 Guineas 
alter sweeping dear to a three- 
. lengths victory in yesterday's 
Nell Gwyn Stakes at 

This speedy daughter of 
Nureyev now attempts to fol- 
low io the illustrious footsteps 
of Pebbles and Oh So Sharp, 
who used this particular trial 
as a steppmg atone to their 
triumphs in the first of the 
fillies' classics. Bookmakers 
immediately installed Sonic 
Lady as 9-4 fovoorite for the 
Newmarket confrontation oa 
May 1, although Hills will 
offer only 7-4. Jeremy Tree's 
fmvM candidate, ff«gy»rfp 1 
has been pushed oat to 4-L 

Soak Lady pulled nary hard 
in the early stage s of 
yesterday's seven-furioog trial 
and Waiter Swinburn had 
little option bat to let her have 
her bead and make the pace. 
She settled down well, howev- 
er, before halfway and steadily 
drew dear of her nearest 
pursuer, Ala Mahlik, who was 
caught dose home for second 
place by Henry Cedi's Lady 

Sonic Lady's jubilant train- 
er, Michael Stoute, said: "I 
was delighted with her. 1 
thought it looked a good trial 
and she got the trip well, 
although the ground was much 
softer than 1 would have 

The Newmarket trainer new 
plans to ran another of his 
talented . fiOies, Maysoon, in 

Sonic Lady speeds home from Lady Sophie and Ala Mahlik (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

Newbury’s other important 
trial, the Fred Darting Stakes, 
on Friday, hut suggested that 
there was a question mark 
against Coktrspm and Dolka 
taVing their chance in the 

l-iwa Omani was not too 
disheartened by the effort of 
Emfa£a,wbo was fourth, beaten 
just over J8 lengths by the 
winner. “She needed the race, 
and the soft ground was all 
agaiixt her," he said. 

Last season’s Cheveley 
Park winner is still on general 
offer at 10-1 for the big race. 
But Hills report a lot of 
interest in Gwydron. who was 
backed down from 20-1 to 10-1 
with them yesterday. This 
Ruse A Cup filly won last 
season's Queen Mary Stakes 
at Royal Ascot and now takes 

oo Kisgscote in Friday's show- 
down at Newbury. 

Earlier in the afternoon 
Stoute had a setback when 
another of his promising fil- 
lies, Royal Nugget, could man- 
age only eighth place behind 
the 14-1 chance. Zalatia. This 
promising filly won decisively 
by two and a half lengths and 
was the first victory' of the 
season for his young .Newmar- 
ket trainer. Willie Jarvis, who 
said: “My horses haven’t run 
well so far this season — I've 
had six runners and only one 
place — and 1 was a little 
dubious about Zalatia's pros- 
pects. However, I've always 
regarded her as a nice filly." 

There was a nail-biting 
finish to the mile and 
threeq narters Jerry Spencer- 
Smith Memorial Handicap. 

Gay Harwood's Backchai 
looked the likely scorer with a 
furlong to go, but he faded out 
of contention as the Mai ton- 
trained Rostherne came 
through and just held the late 
surge of Naftilos by a short 
head with Cadmium a neck 
away, third. 

Pat Eddery, the former 
champion and the season’s 
leading rider, kept up his 
recent spate of winners with a 
clear-cut success on Geoff 
Wragg's Digger’s Rest, who 
readily outpaced Below Zero 
by two and a half lengths in 
the Ladbroke Handteap.The 
reigning champion jockey, 
Steve Cauthen. was on the 
mark with No Beating Harts, 
who gamely resisted Respect's 
challenge in the St Etch worth 
Maiden Stakes. 

Bill defeat 
hopes for 

Plans to introduce Sunday 
racing in Great Britain have 
received a significant setback 
with the defeat in the House of 
Commons of the Government s 
Sunday trading legUlaiion- 

A surprise rebel] ion by Tory 

MPs on Monday night meant 
that the bill which would have 
meant a relaxation of shop 
opening hours on Sundays, was 
defeated by 14 votes at the 
second reading stage. 

The news brought an immedi- 
ate reaction from the Jockey 
Club, who had hoped the bill 
would eventually lead to the 
legalisation of betting on 

General Sir Cecil Blacker, 
chairman of the Jockey Club’s 
working party on Sunday racing, 
said: “The failure of the Shops 
Bill is a serious setback to the 
in trod union of Sunday racing in 
the immediate future. As a 
result. Britain will remain the 
only major racing country in the 
world unable to stage meetings 
on a Sunday, because of the 
current restriction on betting. 
Equally, we shall be the only 
major sport in lb is country 
unable to provide entertain- 
ment for the public on a 

He added: “We are naturally 
disappointed, and the Jockey 
Club's working party will now 
have to discuss what options, if 
any. remain open to us before 
reporting to the industry.’’ 

Disappointment was also ex- 
pressed by the Racecourse 
Association, whose Chief Exec- 
utive, Colonel John Cameron- 
Hayes. said: “In all probability 
Sunday raring will now founder. 
Unless you can have betting, the 
chances of racing going ahead 
on a Sunday are nil." 

Blinkered first time 

NEWMARKET: 235 Welsh Baron. 3.10 


R1PON: 230 Swwpn. 33 Cedanette. 330 
Mohican. 430 Choco. 

31 J D1T130- UMA BX}(AHsCU aenstefdB-W . 
312 138203 FOUZff Salmai)P Cote 610 

3-1 Green Desert, 7-2 Misty. 4-1 Fouz. 6-1 Top AWr, 8-1 Name Wizard. 10-1 
Lina BU. Sridssirtyd. 12-1 Sparry. Wot Jet 

FORM: GREEN DESERT (9-1) 4th beaten 2X1 to tuqman (6-11)9 tan. Newbury Of sta 
p2T.GWTO0N{88) won ft! tan Welsh Note (60) wilt) BRCtSMAD 

p to tern Sep 

1 4th beaten 3W, 14 ran. Ascot 5! stksl 

Bman 2ftl 10 gafcar<&-0) 6 ran. Naw ma rtmt 

Ot 4ttUp frttic Her f»M wimititeexy 

2.0 WOOD DITTON STAKES (3-y-o: ES^OQ: Ire) (22 rumen) 











122 .. 


gbod Oct 24. 


)G Harwood 98 


. t Atoning) BHarbun 94. 

DALLAS (USA) {RDuchoESOtBlLCunani 9-0 

DARE SAY (K Abdula) J Tree 9-0 1 MEddrayS 

EBOUTO (Dowuv Lady BaarwrbrooiO W Hem 9b WCareontS 

FAST REALMjSsA) (ShcAh Mohammed) W Jarvis 9-0 _TOtean» 

FLY IVY STAR (WZtenRnck)F Duff 98 G Aancfi 17 

NAWARDBI (DSA)jA Ckn) B_HBs 60 : ■TTiawawiS 

NAW0B| r 



surm ount 


r 12. NATIVE t 

to soft Sep & LUNA HD 1 

h'cap good u sob Oct 10. 1 


_ to flm June 19. SR.VND (90) 2nd 

( sbes good totem Oct &. TOP WIL£R (6- 
| ab beaten 4L 12 ran. Newbury 71 

(6-10) 3rd baton 4K1 to Tirol (8-4) 9 ran. Kempton 1 m 

&40 EARL OF SEFFQN EBF STAKES (Groif>Bf:£22;794; 1m 19(11) 

_ Pat Eddery 7 
PCach B 

[D)(SfS M Button W B«ey -5-8-10 T Me 4 

- erv) M Stoute 6610 WH D w Man S 

401 113313- DAWSTERl 

402 3221/1- UQHTNMBJ 

408 2211- HGREEFJ 

405 300112- ENGLISH 
400 803121- RELDNAJ®] 

407 00000-1 K-BATTBTYI 

408 tyi<6 LES ARCS (H 

409 21(021- LINE OF F«E 
411. 20 (So- FUAROANTU 
413 340030- supreme^ 

R (USAYCJ {KttxUUJ Tree 48-1 

B PEALJffl (N Mandefe P K N toway 4 8 1 3- 

: (UMraV dal Bono) JDurtop +4-10 

SPfc&G (USAWD) (P Mator) f flaking 4-6-' 

(Cape MLeraosJC Bristol 46-10 

tyM21- <£L£BflflY (Lord POrchester) W H« 

iGHawood 46-10 
tarns) c Britt^m 

BnUFAGWt (U 0(4 R !«■■■■■■ 

I MONA uSAdtoUwtoa IMP KetywayMl 

TOP DEBUTANTE (USA) pTak Tan) Hi Jvyfe 6-11 



R Fox 14 
TIms IS 

• >g P arlMW. 7-2 8uprwra Leader. 9-2 engltob Mn. 6-1 Las Arcs. 15-2 
Ptodartb, 10-1 Big Radi. 12-4-Ugtwwg Deator, 14-1 Reid I ' 



127 ... 

4-1 Atyaad. S-1 Armada, 6-T BsoHo. 8-1 Pete Mareb, ift-1 Oslea. Dare Say. 12-1 
Fast Realm. Harwarden, 16-1 Sbarpotto. 2D-1 others. - 

Newmarket selections.?; . 

^ Mandarin 

2.0 Amjaad. Z35 Solvent 3.J0 Luna BhL 3.40 SUPREME 
LEADER (nap). 4. 10 Grey Desire. 4.40 Naturally Fresh. 

By Our Newmarket Cbrrespoodent ' • . 

2.0 Amjaad. 2.35 Solvent. 3. 10 Green Desert. 3.40 Supreme Leader. 
4. 10 Orojoya. 4.40 Naturally Fresh. ■ 

Michael Seely's selection: 3.40 SUPREME LEADER (nap). . 



2Tafts aoftSap.6 . 1 

Hand. Csfebrty, 16-1 

t DEALER {8 -91 won 1WfromLordGft«toy(8-9)8rsn_Ep- 
won 5J from Rlcura (9-4) to ran. Neweasrte 1 ra 

■■Land be«en nk to Sheaman (7-6} ia ran. 

) won 1 5U from Conrsayio (7-9) 1 1 ran. 
■ Sap 7 . tC-UATTERY (8-J) H«n 1HI from HW RJgged (7-5? 25 

irea poncagarjm heap pood My 22.tES ARC S (9-0 ) 4th beatamgsw to Formazg- 
Tt)7 ran. Yortjm 2Tsftsgood June 15. IJMEOF HRE fe-KA won atan Ufa Pear (W>) 
witft Fonnaz(ffSh3ntbbaten 3L 7 ran. Yorir 1m 2f afta soft May 15u PHANDAN1E racaat 

I outing down Main Ranos. eaiBarJ25)3rd beaten 7ttoShaRtert(B^5fsn. Aacoi im 41 

sties g ood totem Ssp 26. SUWBIFtFADFH (8-10) IQdi beaten ewer IP to Febbtoa (6- 
^MrgwNmvroarfcetlm 21 afts good totem Oct ta 

4.10 ABERNANT STAKES (£7409: 6f) (9) 

(SGrucQG Law* 4-9-12. 

Z3S APRIL MAIDEN STAKES (3^-a£3J»0: In 40 <7) - 

0 CHEETAK Mas L Morgan) M McDormack 60 — ~ ' ' 

6- MUBAARIS (H W-Mfcfflm] P Waiwyn 9 

Brf(ttai)MBrMan 68-12 

‘ J Hhidtoy 4-8-12 

H Aimtaong 66-12 


l4nM Marcias) H Cedi 462 
PandcoeO M E Franca 4-62 

PaU Eddery 3 
G Starkey 2 

7-4 Pearly King. 11-4 Solvent, 9-2 Walsh Baron. 8-1 Mubsarto. 10-1 Jumbo HM. 
12-1 Pokey's Prida. 14-1 Cheetak. 

FOMfc CHEETAK (6« 9tft to IWaMon (M) 9 ran Warn** 1m 2f soft Apr 1. JUMBO 
iSvtBXI to AttatWorafiO) 19 tan. Newmartwilmstt g good tote m 
icret WeotSnq (B-i 1) 9 ran. NBwmaset 7t 
7th beaten 4JM to Critic Heir p-0) 12 ran. 
2nd beaten 1561 to Ontaky (9-7) 4 ran. 


good to Arm Oct 1 A 



502 0S0f-11 GREY 

503 131213- OROJOYA 
506 333002- . PMN CE 
511 004046. DUE SYMPATICA 

- 512. Hfl- HOMO SAME 

-»3 MMte POLYKRATtS ... 

5t4 200200 - ATOKA {GStfiFl Kasdovaty) John RteGaraM 46-13 
515 221- BLUE EYED BOY (DHShaM Mohammad) MSoute 36-2 

9-4 Grey Desire, 11-4 Orojoya. 62 Prince Reymo. 6-1 Homo Sapian, 10-1 Bhta 
Eyecrao£-14=1 ttoaSymprtca. 2D-1 others 

... ..... fjWM to teaad— n rlftalc(B48tiPrmHaadocli 

51 stks good to sbff Apr k GREY DESStE (9-1 tR woo Stlrom Amigo Loco (65) 15 ran. 
Kempton 6i stks soft Mar 31. OROJOYA (103) 3rd beaten 2XLto Mss Stanford ®-7) 
watiCTAGSPE (Mi) aid beaten It. 11 raa Longcham p 51 adra good to tern Odax 
FRMCE REYMO(9-«2nd batoen )U to (»EY D»RE G-7)14raa Doncaater 61 stks 
sott Nov 9. GUE SYMPATICA (9-U 3rd beaten 2UI to GREY DERSnc (6-10) 13 ran. Don- 

'■ HOMO SAPMB4 (66) 2nd beaten %1 to Efcto 04)10 rwv 

PHBIM 2nd beaten %1 to fitsto (3-d) 10 n 

Goodwood 7f stks good to Hrm Sep 30. BLUE EYES BOY (6U) won DM ham ZMiti (8- 

caster 6f sfts good Mar 22. 1 

_ _ Il'mAfBfts heavy Apr 5. WELSH 
0) fe ran. Warwck im stks goo 


21214- GREEN DESERT(U8A) (Maktouna At Maktoup) U S««ft MWR 

11) 17 ran. 




134- T0PRWJ5R«?: 

5 R Armstrano 8-13 



Pad Eddery 3 
G Starkey 7 




41- BLOT JET (Teftacnd Ltd) RJWMams 8-10. 

■ RCectweB 

Crdnit Fresh. Regency RM. 14-1 


Going: heavy (TJ30am inspection) 

Draw 5t-6f, tow numbers best 
(£1.457: 60 (17 runners) 

1 006 Si^WOT&g-D)DYllCUg)ma n6»6. r P Brake 2 

3^0 STlffiLEY ROYAL HANDICAP (fcf-O: £1^51: 
Im 40 (9) 

1 4-30" HELEN’S PLEASUfCI Uatttews 62 _WWoed*^4 

. i js 

7 0-1* 


9 M0 SWYNFORP PMIC E^) KSip neM -«BWi8 

11 2M MOWCANffljgQC^rrtQoM j BWldft l 

12 806- RAFFLE8^®EJM ttmaeto87 R teMWtoa g 

~ “ h wtgunz 

14 8-22 FOUL SHOT {BQWMusSOa 8-1 

Y g’7-8AjnndaBjfte0ft15 

X M3 STfVEJAN IPytr) J £Sm IS 

» M2 CA£RNARV0tT6OY (WJ) J Rfctoxto. 5 

31 860 iasn»S CHARLEYS Norton 

RipoD selections 

By Mandarin 

i tn chanmuka. 30 Rustic Tract 3-30 Elegant 
SUL i h 0B&£ 4.30 HWo C«m^ 5.0 
Ed ha it. . , 

Bv Our Newmarket Conuspottfcm 
3.0 Karamanad. 3J0 Foul Shot 4J0 Bnggs 
Builders. 5- 0 Fnbarr. - — 


i oh 

ID MO NCBaaatea* 

;; » 

8 £5 

« 3M 

• s SS: 5 - 

a 8a DANEDANCCT^^^^ ;nn *»^ 1<B<V ^^^amtn>orteW 
23 084- KMMMIWAD U tt 7 " a Ketohflav 9 

1 ^ 'I 35352 

§ 006- pQLPBffiS WP) M ^^y-BBSkaatw JateWPL” 

pmmwikinbwswoo# 0 ^** 6 s * lia * t?> 

2-1 MoMcan. 5-2 Chewt Lady. 5-1 Helen's Pleasure, 6-1 
Rockafl, 8-1 Royal Bngr. HM Bagant BM. 14-1 oarers. 

40 GREWELTHORPE STAKES (2-y*o: £1^89: S0 


1 112 
. 11 



R WTrUrar 8-11 . OHcKeewnS 

2-5 Btuemede, 4-1 Fishergtoe. 8-1 Marching Moth. 
£1531: 51) (18) 

(Bi HARHY^SCOWWGTOTFaHrurMteZ J Cs8eghsn (7^9 
M KB.VAHNET fit) R Holndiead 62— * C Mtow (7)1 7 
THE DEVIL'S MUStC NByotet B2_ — j-Owraeckf 

1 SawETii 

BROOM STAR JIMS 7-13 — N Coonorton 8 

KUSOZHACfSeuaiC Tauter M0 JL«f5 

AFRABBA M ttrtw 7-7 — IT 







■ 8 
. 15 
* 16 




5 S 

26 l» tJWCK»T^0 WCha l ,,,,,n7 ' 7 - SP®***® 14 

52 The Granaton. 7-2 Khurnet 5-1 S’egJ*' 8"1 
Harry's Coming. 10-1 wnw»« Wbndar. 12-1 cnoco 

5J» SPA WELTER STAKES (££273: Im II) (16) 

ifimM.4«-7 -Ptataif 

_ RBraen(7118 
M (Brett 8 

JEAN JEAME J Rtefonds iM 
a HSS BOLERO ten Easterly 7-7- 
? »*gSStg«SJBWTl7 : 7. 

S S£ — » a “™ 

24 "55- 5®5iGTON GROVE □ Mtfray Swft 

. ii-lfl Ertjen; 4-1 Mtwrt Otymtsa, 5-1 Grew Saps. __ 

t A Shaft. (5) 2. 


Catterick results 

Going: soft 

2-tSgm rate) 1. F owe rw r l ed (Mr 3 
Swiws. 16-1): 2. Mat OfBcer no-li lav): 3, 
Parted Gian p2-1)> 18 ran. NR: Tax Gods. 

Bngarora and WanmML 4L 4LJ Swiera. 

To& E14.7Q; E3.0C, El 20. E2JU. OF: 
£4050. CSF: £3023. 

245 (3m 300ydch)1, 

2260 £220 OF (mmer or aernnd with 
any Other): £1.40 tSF: £19.10 
3.15 (2m hdla) 1. Dfanan’a Trwe 0 
Eamshaw, 13-2k 2, Baton MM6h fS-lhS, 

£1.40 EX50 £260 JCt\DF: £94.40 
CSF: £56.76. Tncasb E30 &27. 

Grant, ^kOlSwaapp^tS, Ourttam 
Edaion (5-2. Kudos 7-4 lav. 8 ran. NFL 
Broken Speech- «, Oft O Uj TW* 

Sim oSa ci-W- dp. eisso csp 


4.15. (an CM 1. Stete tteBteraJR 
Eamshaw.7-2): 2. Dtwer (MtaOCapt 
Ferewea (16-U 8 ran NR: Beftsco, 
Sanderadar. 9Bver Lao. .M ootj^teng, 
Perfect Image. Hardy RancO 3L2ft Mrs 
M Dekrison. Tear X43th £1JO £1.10 
EUO DP E2.10 CSP £5^2. 

t. Free To Go qo-ii tart 


'19 ran. NR: SMar. Lvttte. *. I2L M 
NaugMon. Tote: E22-20: E1£C. £1.80 
OJSS. OF: £260. W 
Pta cepot C2Q8&. 

Course specialists 


TRAINERS: H C«S. 88 from 307 

runners, 2BVc M Stoute. 48 from 303, 

15**: W Hem. 27 from 204 102V 

JOCKEYS: S Cauthen, 69 wtnnere. tram 
475 rates. 14JV Pffl EdOKY. 50 trom 
429. 108%; W R Swtotwn, 40 hom 320 


trainers: H Cert. 5 wane's tan 11 
nmara. 455%: G Wrau 5 tram 15, 
335%: B mas. 5 tan 21.238V 
JOCKEYS: R Hflls, 6 wiiwera tan 35 
rides. 17. IV W Ryan. 8 tan 67. 11 JV 

TRAtNERte Mrs M OeJdnson. 23 wmnera 
from 88 rurmere. 2B 7V F Wjner. 48 tam 
240. 204V F Waiwyn. 38 tan 174. 

JOCKEYS: 0 Browne. B wnn*« tan 32 
ndes. 25v R arahaw, 8 tan 4i, 
195V J J O'Neil, 19 tan 128, 14.8V 

-IHAWStS: J Jatrerson. 5 whners tan 8 

runners. 625V 

JOCKEYS: P A ChaTtaa 13 wmnefs tan 
45 rates. 26.9V 

affect new 

By Michael Coleman 

A printers* hiccup deprived 
most of southern England and 
the Midlands from seeing the 
first copies of the Racing Post. 
the new punters' daily, backed 
by the Maktoum family of 
Dubai, which was launched 
yesterday in opposition to The 
Sporting Life. 

It an went without a hitch, 
apparently, in the North and 
in Scotland and Ireland- The 
pages were facsimiled from 
the Post's offices in Raynes 
Park, Loudon, to Warrington, 
Lancs, and printed and dis- 
tributed from there. 

The southern print order, 
however, proved too ambi- 
tious. “The print machinery at 
Burgess Hill just could not 
cope with the number of pages 
we had planned" a spokesper- 
son in the Racing Post circula- 
tion department said. 

“There were paper breaks 
and web breaks - whatever 
that may mean - and as a 
result few copies could be 
distributed in the southern 

For today's edition, the 
number of pages was being 
scaled down from 56 to 48. 
“We’re confident that whole- 
salers, and through them the 
agents and betting shops, will 
get all the copies they want 
tomorrow" she said. 

The first edition bad been 
well received in the North, she 
added. It had generated “a 
terrific response" and in- 
creased orders had already 
come in. 

Monday's problems at Bur- 
o _ss Hi]] meant that the 
planned 160.000-copy launch 
had to be reduced to a little 
over 100,000, but die circula- 
tion department promised the 
full output for today. 

The initial reaction from the 
courses and from the sport 
was favourable. Joe Mercer, 
the former jockey, said: "The 
Racing Post was late arriving 
in the Lam bo urn area this 
morning, so i’ve not had the 
chance to study it property yeL 
But what I’ve seen so far 1 like 
and it looks very good value at 
the price." 

Philip Mitchell the Epsom 
trainer, said: “I think we are 
very lucky to have two good 
racing papers now. I think it 
will like a while for punters to 
understand the format for the 
form, but I believe the si 2 e of 
the paper helps although, of 
course, it is that much thicker. 
If the Racing Post maintains 
the service that they have 
started out with then I will be 
more than happy to take both 
papers each day." 

Clive Brittain, the Newmar- 
ket trainer, commented: “I am 
very impressed. I think yon 
get an awful lot for your 
money. I also liked the form 
very much. It is so much 
easier to read and. overall I 
think the presentation is 

A Iasi cautionary word from 
Geoff Lester, raring corre- 
spondent for the rival The 
Sporting Life: “ There is 
certainly plenty of good read- 
ing matenal and they have got 
some sound writers. Bui I reel 
they have made a mistake in 
the presentation of the cards 
and form which arc too spread 


Televised: BBC 1: &30, 3 JS, 3.40. BBC 2: 4.15 
Going: soft 

2m) (8 runners) 

1 UO BADSWORTH BOY (C-D) Mra M Dcfcnson 

1 1-11-12 REarahm 

2 1322 ROADSTBt(CXD)C WNasn 10-10-6 — R Dunwoody 
NORTON CROSS |D)MH Easttfbv 8-10-2— JJ0Ht» 

14 1313 LAFOSSE AM Mrs J Purnw 5-10-7 . 

15 1820 RMUBDMcCmi 5-186- 



5 3143 NORTON CROSS |D)MH EasttftM 8-162— 
9 0180 FEARLESS MP (D) R P Stephen! 11-10-0— 
10 240B SHREWD OPERATOR T Cassy 9-10-0 ~ 

12 1204 STWaLUAM(D)Rj Hodges 6-100 — 

IS OOF? REGAL PLEASURE J Wetoer 8-1 0-0 _ 

E _“KS3 

_ A Webb 

9-4 Roadster. 100-30 Notio n Cross. 4-1 Badswonh Boy. 
ft-2 Hazy Sunset. 8-1 Fsartess Imp, 14-f St Wiliam. 16-1 
Shrewd Operator. 33-1 Regal Pleasure . 

Cheltenham selections 

By Mandarin 

2.30 Roadster. 3.0 Beau Ranger. 3.40 
Honeygrove Banker. 4.15 Arctic Stream. 4.50 
Harry's Double. 5.25 Celtic Time. 

By Michael Seely 

2.30 Roadster. 3.40 Honeygrove Banker. 

HANDICAP CHASE (£8544: 3m 2f) (10) 

1 0021 BEAURANQERtC) J Thom 8-124 (4ex) — H Davies 

2 2181 CHARIER PARTY tC) DNittolson 8-1 1-9 PScsdaraore 

3 tFPF VON TRAPPE (C)MOfewr 9-11-7 R Dunwoody 

4 4M2 GOLDEN FREW Mrs M RaneM 611-4 GUcCoifft 

5 048F PLUNDERING JC-WF T WSmer 9-n-O _ SShenmod 

6 20* CATCH PHRASE JTGrflrad 61612 RRowe 

7 31 PP INTEGRATION E Better 12128- 

16 -821 HOPEFUL «SSK>N Mre M Dtotetson 7.104 GBndtey 

17 F421 TARCONEY P D CirOB* B-10-4 P Scudamore 

IB 0121 DAD'S GAMBLE (D) R F Ftatar 5-10-2 MUngiwr 

19 2001 ONE FOR HAUrt C G Roach 5-10-2 RMtoen 

20 4334 EASTER FESTIVAL D R Ssworfft 5-TJHJ __ MBasteflf 

22 -023 SLVEA KEYS (BF)MC PM 6-108 JLoworfT) 

226 2210 HARLEY IASS J Eaton 6108 PBmy 

228 400P TROUT ANGLER Mbs P CTConnor S-1 08 CWauwi(7) 

30 0003 GREY TORNADO T Keener 6108 GeotgelUghi 

4-1 Jmstarme. 61 Hopeful Mission. S-1 Atratwtes. 61 
Banker. Tmetey Star. 161 Danish Right. 14-1 
161 Tetetrader. 200 Six Shot. 25-1 others. 

FINAL (£9.600: 2m 4f) (6) 

1 1102 BERLIN N A Goatee 7-128 D Bnwroa 

2 U22F ARCTIC STREAM (CVD) f Waiwyn 7-11-11 K Mooney 

3 0001 iftSSTEH-TOPD Curate* 61 18 AGonra* 

5 11F0 BROAD BEAM Mrs MRmal 611-4 

7 40PF GLEN HOAD J Thome 7-11-4 
9 PF43 LARHY-OFTWMbi 611-4 


613 Bedm. 5-2 Arctic Stream. 61 LanyO. 14-1 Breed 
Beam. 261 Rig StaeL 

HURDLE (E2J256: 2m) (16) 

2 1410 JUVBLLIGHT(FM(D)(BP)fl Akatius!6118 Gl 
5 2101 HARRY^OOIteLEO Sherwood 6118. 

11 644 ASTON BANK P J Hotitis 6118 — 

15 0000 DANCER « PARS (FRJJCoeBrave 6118- TPiofited 

16 60 DOWERRYWH Taylor 61V6 MBcwtey 

16 4000 FLEET BAY Mrs J Womacott 6118 — OWormacett 

21 OM JOWC G G Gracey 6118 PGracay 

23 UOP PADDY'S DREAM SChrteteui 6118 — AtetiOMaad 

l Stymie 

8 100P C08LEY EXPRESS BB Isaac 16165 Rl 

9 444F MASTER TERCEL D TThom 16108 EM«pty(4) 

HJ 03 OP SAUNDStSTCty' 12-160 G Moore 

11-4 Charter party. 61 Catch Phrase. 61 Beau Ranger. 6 
1 Von Trappe. 7-1 Golden Fnend. lO-l Ptundenng. 14-1 others. 

km Uhcap Ch good Mar 13. CATCH PHRASE latest (161) 4ih 
beaten 401 io l Haventatobi (163)8 ran. Sanoown 3m h'capch 
good to soft Mar 25 AiMERMG latest feB 6th in Grand 
NmnaL earter (11-9) 9th beaten owr2«toBatymdan(l1-0) 16 
ran. Newbtay 3m 21 h eap ch good Mar 21. VON TRAPPE whan 
completed corase. (ii-4) won 121 tan GokJgxin ni-O) 7 ran. 
Kempior 3m raw ch soft Dec 27. GOLDEN FRKND (108) 2nd 
beaten 51 to Arctic Beau (161) 7 ran. Lmrpooi 3m if h'cap ch 


FINAL (£10,702: 2m) (22) 

AIRABATESfDlO Sherwood 61 1-7 — S Sherwood 

611-7 JJOTMI 

TELETRAOER (BF) fl J Hodgas 611-2 CCa*C«) 

ORYFBCAD (B) (D) K C Bariey 

61 18 MrT Thomsoe Jones 

6 312 CELnCFLA«PWH8tT»6118 RStrange 

7 12U2 TBS.Y STAR (TOMrs J Ptraan 61 18 HPtenan 

9 1002 DANISH FLIGHT (D) J G FnzGeraM 7-1612 -MDwyer 

10 0041 SIX SNOT njLGKannard 61611 BPowfl 

11 0011 Jl«SifT»fe(IRRGBra2f»gion61M C Jones 

12 312* MARSH KING WPJ Hotins6l08 GMcCout 

13 2140 KOUROStDJO Brennan 7-168 M Brennan 

26 0402 HAMBURG WUPWHvns 611-1 

30 B22P SHOTINGO I R Jones 6118 

31 SWINDON BOY N J Henderson 6118 H Bowtoy 

33 00 THE LORDS TAVERNS! J T Gifford 6118 — AT 

38 20 YEOMAN BROKER (BF) J T Grfftad 6118— El 

39 0000 BRAVE EMPRESS C Wmta 6169 Ml 

41 PFF4 FLYING FREE ( PWandte 6169 K Toimwd 

42 SPECIAL VENTURE 0 O' Ned 5-169—.. W Kimptareyt 
118 Hairy'S Double 7-4 Juven Light 61 Yeoman Broker. 

161 Swindon Boy. 14-1 Rambling WBo, 261 othere. 

(£4.701: 3m) (21) 


611-12 NBmHby (7) 
i-1 18 „ M Iteram uu d 

3 33311 TOPHAMS TAVERN G M Moore 61 18 . 

4 080 BANDELERO M C Pipe6l6l3. 

2 -111 
3 1FB3 

4 0222 

5 1210 

7 40P0 INDIANA DARE (B) (0) J R Jartuns 


9 0302 CELTIC TWE A JVWson 6163— C Cex (4) 

10 0000 MBBALEAK W tare 6163 APnce(7) 

11 0O0F WYC LEA J A Edwards 7-I6T PScwtemara 

12 0403 HALFORD LAO (Q R Hawker 6161 EWau 

17 0040 MPERKM (DUBF) JAM 6160 ERtorptay(4) 

18 2003 PRWCPS mVEBPalmn 6160 RDmwoody 

19 2211 OAURA M&s M Benson 7-1D8 J J OTtoS 

23 0302 KMSBOURNE LAD (D) M B Oonnet 

610-0W Kwnphreys (7) 

24 4400 LE SARTHOtS (B) (D) *** S Dawnpoo 




27 8230 THE SHMER M Tale 6108 J Lower 

28 88P HAND ME DOWN H J Hooges 6108.. 

29 FOW UTILE LOMJON T Morton 7-108. 


30 800 WINS0R BOND to) PD Curate* 6108 Mr SCoMey (7) 

31 0040 TEN IN HAND J M CteChanowski 

6108 K Mooney 

32 /000 MENR0R0 (B) K C Bokey 1 (-160 It L Kervey (7j 

33 0020 JMPANZE R G Braamgton 7-160 C Jones 

7-2 Celira. 9-2 Celtic Time. 61 Maflord Lad. 7-1 Kings 

College Boy. 61 Prince s Drive. 161 Kmsborane Lad. Stars 
And Stripes. 12-1 The Shiner. 161 Bandalero. 261 otnere 

Jockey Club date for Davies inquiry 

Hywel Dories, first jockey to 
Tin Forster, is to face an inquiry 

by tbe Jockey Clob's disci* 

pi inary committee on Wednes- 
day. April 30. This follow a 
complaint by Micbael 
Hincttiiffe. tbe trainer of Pre- 
mier Charlie, over Davies's rid- 
ing of his horse at 
WotTerbampton last month. 
Premier Charlie started at 9-2 

joint-favourite for tbe Dudley 
Handicap Chase at the Mid- 
lands course on March 17 and 
finished eighth. The horse had 
landed a gamble for HiochJiffe 
on bis first ran In this country 
when be was backed down from 
20-1 to 11-2 at Uttoxeter in 

Davies, who won last year's 

Grand National on Last Sus- 
pect. and is in his ninth season 
as a jockey, has not bad to 
appear before a Jockey Club 
disciplinary committee 

He has contacted the Jockeys’ 
Association for help and said: “I 
am a little bit shocked at there 
being an inquiry , but I am more 
than happy to cooperate." 


Going: good to firm, hurdle course; good 


2 180 GLEN IMVEOUR Francs 7-118 

4 00U4 JONDALE (D) M lamtiwi HW 

9 8PP CARUNGraRD LOUGH (D) G Achaids _ 


10 4412 DR GUKJOTta tOG) W Fataeve 11-1613 AWBsw 

11 000 MSS MAMA NTtnHra 61612 -NJkKmr 

14 228 SON OF MANAD0(BF)J Wade 61610 -..JtrtSoniwn 

19 000 DW0YVAN S Lsadbeoor 4-10-4 JOdomflO 

20 PM) JARALL J Michel 6108 DCondei 

. CC o tegr 

217UU14 EASTER BUG Gftchards 6108 C Dims 17) 

218 1000 SkXBt TURN PChartCte 6162 PACtate* 

221 3000 G00DFELLOWS POLLY I Jradon 6160- 0 Madm (7, 
3J Flying Oats. 7-2 tAagwood. 61 Easter Bna. 61 AUd 
Lang Syne, 61 Ragabray. iz-i W6TaL ia-i nnras. 

CHASE (£1.679: 3m) (7) 

1 810 FORTMA’S EXPRESS (M»W A 9uoiwnsfln 


2 0R01 DROPS OBRAfOr URJEOwanb 11-118.- p Baum 


6 0003 SILENT VAL1£V(FR) I Jordon 

7 024. HWERATt: R Flsber 7-160 

13-1612 (ledMrlltefld 
16161 —GMrtrag 

21 0RI3 GAME TRACK M Lambert 4.163 

22 002/ MR SNOW (USAKDI R Gray 11-10-2 

23 im NTTEOF 

Gray 11- 

Mse t Green 

R Mattey 
G Martin 

6162 Jayne Thommoa 

24 0030 VAL0R0SO (D) J Ketttewl 6160 PMwb 

1 18 Game Track, 7-3 Son at Manado. 61 Dr GuOoftie. 7-1 
Hottest Token, 61 Glen Utye. 161 Jarat. 12-1 Nile Of Spring. 

145 STORMONT NOVICE CHASE (£836: 2m) (10) 

2 4F00 
4 1040 

7 *46 

8 4422 
11 -44U 

K6SBOY Mssll 

BELlinCO J Chanton 6118___ 

HRW DROP F Storey 6118 

TAMSON'S TttR£ D Robertson 

P Charlton 611-7 P A Chtettra 
11-7 PTfacfe 

B Storey 


VALENTINOS JOY M Lambert 7-118 D Outton 

MOONUGHTWaj Partes 61M — RMfoarOT 

FflGHT CLOUDY P U0dte6l69 GkterttefT) 

ADEN APOLLO T&ag6167 SCharttm 



12 rare 

15 4040 

16 4PF4 

ib raoo 

6* Hi 
Ctaudy. 1 

HURDLE (£345: 3m) (10) 

2 2211 CAUSA MSS M Benson 7-11-11 NON-RUNNER 

8 21F2 R.YMG OATS (USAXBF) W McGhte 

611-OftK Anderson (7) 

9 184 AULDLANQSrNEm(BF)JJanetson 

7 -11-2SCharttan 

10 326 RAGA«IRY^R^her 6118 C Great- 

igh Drop, 61 Alice's Boy. 9-2 CtoudwaBtor. 11-2 Right 
10-1 iSsboy. 161 Maonfig ho n g . 


6 000P BURGLARS WALK Denys Berth 6160 CGnmt 

101U4P LBtEY DUAL (D) D tow 1 1 -108 Ur DPtehar 

61 Lota Frenchman, 10630 Droos O'Brandy, 61 Rxhna'S 
Express. 62 Stem Va»ey. 61 Bwgiars Wak, im teney Dual 

Perth selections 

By Mandarin 

115 Dr Guillotine. 145 High Drop. 3.15 Flying 
Obis. 3,45 Link Frenchman. 4.15 Martian Baby. 
4.45 Quay Man. 

4.15 ATH0LL NOVICE HURDLE (4-y-o: £685: 2m) 

5 001 LOLAS DREAM Ip) J JaHrasan 118_ SChstan 

7 0000 CHANCE MA MUJON D Hoomon l6l2 — BBtom 

B CRACX88MMSS2 Green 1612 Jayne Ttaenpaw (7) 

9 2004 CROWN ESTATE (USA) PC«wM6r 

10 000 DOUBTLESS C Alexander 1612 

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Lions aiming to 

conquer the 
challenge from 
rest of world 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Delegates 10 the International 
Rugby Football Board's cen- 
tenary congress may be glad to 
exchange theory for practice this 
evening when they assemble in 
Cardiff for the first of the 
celebration matches arranged by 
the board. The British Lions, 
appearing for only the second 
lime on home soil, play a team 
drawn from the four other 
International Board unions at 
the Arms Park. 

Among the overseas team are 
six of the Australians who 
helped crush Wales last season 
on the third leg of their grand 
slam, including Slack, ca ptain of 
a team who have been prepared 
by Brian Lochore. coach to New 
Zealand. Lochore. who Jed his 
coumrv during their I9b7 visit 
to Britain, has the difficult task 
of drawing together the dis- 
parate talents of AH Blacks. 
Australians. French men and a 
soJitarv Springbok, then losing 
*■ for 

some risks. I have heard that 
some people in the United 
Kingdom would like to see the 
penalty reduced to two points, 
but that only reflects a state of 
mind. Coaches generally should 
lake a much more positive 
approach to the game. If both 
sides play positive rugby, pen- 
alties won't overtake the 

Since the Lions are being 
prepared by Michael Doyle. 
Ireland's coach, whose belief 
that bis players should express 
themselves brought his country 
a triple crown in his first season 
and a whitewash in his second — 
albeit a tremendously weh-con- 
tesicd whitewash — we should 
prepare ourselves for a hectic 
encounter, with what should be 
the greater match fitness of the 
northern-hemisphere players 
cancelled out by the better ball- 
handling of the men from the 
southern hemisphere. 

Two massive presences will 

his French contingent — - - — - - . .. — 

Saturday's game at LToSoTi^ins^he M it Massive preset** Dooley will loom over lineoots in Cardiff 
French Culler and there may be some 


For that match the 
join i he four home unions, a 
situation sufficiently confusing 
lor me to suggest on Monday 
that Sella and Gerber would be 
appearing together at Twick- 
enham. whereas they are sure to 
oppose each other in the centre. 

“Each country has a different 
way of doing things." Lochore 
said, “and the difficulty I have is 
getting a compromise between 
ail the patterns so they all feel 
comfortable." He has been 
helped by the presence of Jao 
ques Fouroux. the French coa- 
ch. and the linguistic abilities of 
his much-travelled countrymen. 
Hadcn and Me.tied. 

Asked if the aim today was to 
entertain or to win. Lochore 
said: “Nobody plays the game to 
lose. We want to entertain but 
we also want to be happy with 
the way we play. We want to 
play rugby the way we think il 
should be' played. 

“My philosophy of the game 
is very simple: I believe all 
payers should be involved at all 
times. Thai means as many 
tactical approaches as possible, 
within the limitations your 
weather may impose. If you 
have top players in all positions 
there is no reason to be stilted. 

“The game has to be played in 
a positive way. giving all players 
a chance to show their talents. 
To score tries you have to take 

fiery exchanges in the loose play 
as the two Scots. Beattie and 
Jeffrey, match their speed and 
support against Shaw and 

Two old heads are harnessed 
at half back for the overseas 
team: the New Zealanders. 
Loveridge and Smith, are in (he 
evening of distinguished ca- 
reers. Against them the Lions 
have paired Rutherford and the 
bright promise of Jones, the 20- 
year-old Welsh scrum half 
British audiences will get 
another sight of (he immensely 
powerful Aucklander. Kirwan. 
on the wing, although he will be 
hard pressed to put Ringland in 
the shade. 

Scotbsfi ana Scottsnd): Tl 
(BaSymena aw) Ireland). B J N 

- * viand}, j A uvmttm 

i Institute ana WaJea), R 

1 (Leksstar and 

(SeUwK and Si 
tnsea and Watts* J \ 

, I and wales}. C T Doan (Haw** 

and Scotland, captain}. II C Rtzgvofd 
(Lansdowne and award}, J Jotfroy (Kabo 
and Scotland}. D G Lerahao (Cork 
Constitution and totamh W A Pooler 
(Pmston Grasshoppers and England). N J 
Can (Aids and Wand). J ft Boatte 
(Qbsgmr Academicals and Scotland). 
REST OF TOE WORLD; S Blanco (Ft}: P 
. A 0 Stack (Aus. eaptwi). M 
2r WRSniith 

Italian seasoning 

By David Hands 

Untvwsdy and Ireland), 

(South Gamorganl 

Un derwood f ' 

ftoftaeeRC Francis (NZ) 

England will take a B party 
containing II senior caps on 
their two-match tour to Italy 
next month. The side will be 
captained by Jamie Salmon, the 
Harlequins centre capped by 
both England and New Zealand. 
There are recalls for such experi- 
enced players as John Carieton. 
Marcus Rose and Steve 
Bainbridge. who was ignored at 
international level this season 
because of his poor disciplinary 

The two games are against 
Italy B in Catania on May 7 and 
the full Italian side in Rome on 
May (0. and ail three England 
selectors will be on hand as they 
choose the squad which, during 
the summer, will be asked to do 
specific preparatory work with 
next year's world tournament in 
mind. Michael Weston, chair- 
man of the selectors, will man- 
age the party and Martin Green 
and Brian Ashton will coach it 

The most experienced mem- 
ber or the party by far is 
Carieton. the Orrell wing, 
named in England's initial train- 
ing squad in October but over- 
looked since then. Carieton now 
aged 30. has won 26 caps as a 

wing but also has considerable 
club experience at centre. 

Hail i day. the Bath centre, and 
Simmons, the Wasps booker, 
were not available to tour so ft 
will be a significant week for 
Moore, the Nottingham booker 
who. at 24, may be the coming 
man in his position. 

As anticipated Bath, the cup 
holders, have a strong presence: 
eight of their players make the 
trip, including Morrison, a 
strong scrummaging lock whose 
athleticism is little short of 

Rose, the last of whose five 
caps was in 1982. deserves this 
reward for a good dub season 
but of equal interest will be how 
his club colleague, Salmon, faces 
up to the responsibilities of 

SQUAD: Ml back* M Rom (Hartaquna), 
P WWtawi (Orral). Wtau B Emm 
, J SSSSm (OnvSj. J GoodHto 
M Btatay (Wasps). Contras J 

(Bath). J Salmon (Hartaqunw. 

captasnl Stand-off Mmc S Barnes 
(Bath). S SaRk (Richmond). Scran 
bWves: R m (Bath). M W taSard 
(GJojesster). Prop* PRendta (Wasps). J 
Protoyn (wasps). M Loo (Bath). Hotior*: 
A Sknpaon (Sate). 8 Haora fltattmgham). 
Locke N B a taa n (Bath). S BtanSridga 
(Tytoa). J Montaon (Bath) n w ta o rr. J Hafl 
(Bath), P Cook (Netting Ham j. p Bo cfcton 
(Orrefl). Ho & D Egarton (Bmh). 


Exotic play 
among the 

By Rex Bellamy 
Tennis Correspondent 

Horse sense and sensibility 

“How did it go on Saturday, 


“Oh, be was absolutely super, 
he jumped brilliantly, carried me 
round dear. I was so pleased for 

fiim " 

“Didn't be put you os the floor 
but time?" - best men on level terms. There 

“Ob no. that was completely are plenty of fine male event 
my fault. 1 had him all wrong as riders bat women always have a 
we went into the water*." - J — 

The polyglot community of 
international tennis has re- 
turned to the Cumberland club 
at Hampstead, where the British 
Home Stores tournament began 
yesterday. This is the first of five 
tournaments on the Lawn Ten- 
nis Association's spring circuit, 
featuring players ranked from 
1 52 downwards — which sound* 
modest unlit one considers, for 
example, the quality of football 
expected from players of 
equivalent world status. 

The setting almost justifies 
the rigours of the journey (from 
almost anywhere). The club, an 
island of green tacked away 
amid bricks and traffic west of 
Finchley Road, is rich in hedges 
rows, flowers and birdsong. One 
corner is even embellished by an 
assortment of exotic rabbits: in a 
garden, that is. as distinct from 
on court. Some competitors are 
no less exotic, notably Loic 
Courteau and Marie Pinterova. 
Both are spectacularly 

Courteau. aged 22, was seeded 
eighth. He is a busy little 
bascliner. who hits two-fisted on 
both flanks when be has time to 
get into position. In I9S2 be 
caused a stir at the French 
championships when he had 
four match points against Jose- 
Luis Cere. Courteau has yet to 
build on that promise and he 
was beaten 6-3. 6-0 by Stephen 
BoifieJd. of Chingfont on a 
faster surface yesterday. 
Bot field, aged 20. is playing full 
time, but does not yet have a 
British ranking. He could be in 
the list nexi year. 

Eight of Britain’s ranked men 
and six of the ranked women arc 
in the draw. Stuart Bale (fourth) 
and David Felgaie (l Ith) must 
play each other. Paul Hutchins, 
head orihe LTA training depart- 
ment. regards Felgate as particu- 
larly promising in doubles — a 
reminder that you could score a 
few points at tennis parties by 
asking other guests to name 
British men who have won 
Grand Siam championships 
since 1936. when the Fred Perry 
era ended. 

There have been three such 
players: Billy Knight, who won 
(he French mixed title with Yota 
Ramirez: Roger Taylor, who 
shared the United States men's 
doubles title with John 
Newcombe and Cliff Drysdale 
in turn: and John Lloyd, whose 
partnership with Wendy 
Turnbull Won them two mixed 
titles at Wimbledon and one in 
Paris. Taylor coached Britain's 
Wightman and Federation Cup 
teams in 1978 and 1979 and. in 
the near future, will meet 
Hutchins to discuss a closer 
involvement with Britain's lead- 
ing players. 

To get back to Hampstead, 
one of the distinguished guests is 
the former Chilean Davis Cup 
player. Patricio Rodriguez, who 
is managing bis son Manuel, 
plus three Brazilian* and an 
Argentine. The sight of Rodri- 
guez as a spectators a sobering 
reminder of what a wonderful 
thing youth was. 

slight edge over them. 

The amount of cold nerve 
required to ride the cross- 
country section of a top event 
would make any hairy -chested 
athlete torn pale and look aside. 
“1 don’t get frightened,” Ginny 
Holgate, the European cham- 
pion. said. “If you are frightened 
yon should not be on the horse. “ 
The combination of skill and 
nerve that women call on in this 
section is obvious to a nnmb- 
skalh so how come women are 
not making their mark as top 

“Women are new to ft,” Miss 
for the horse" gnff provokes but Holgate said. “Maybe in tune 
disbelieving snorts which are they will be as good as the boys” 
always followed by bad jokes Luanda Green, that wonderful 
aboBt thighs. event rider, thinks physical 

Naturally, it is eventing, the strength is a factor. “You need 
horsiest of all horse sports, hi strength to bold a horse together 
which Mack wellingtons indicate when going fall til L" she said, 
violent rebelliousness and no “In oar sport we are not riding 
one dares wear bis flat oat. Eventing is about trust: 
Barbomjacket until it has been race riding seems to me to be a 
“distressed" (as antique dealers combination of strength and 
distress (heir modern reproduc- trust- “ 

tion until they look convincingly Bat the greatest of race riders 
venerable), that provokes the feg ^ jo be uncompromising when 

Three-day eventing is the 
most searching test of the 
reiatumsbip between horse and 
rider yet devised. I know that the 
non- horsy find such talk 
troublesome. The idea that a 
two-way relationship of any kind 
can really be established be- 
tween baman and horse seems to 
many to be sentimental twaddle: 
the anthropomorphic maand er- 
of privileged nitwits, 
fact, horsy people, and in 
particular, horsy women, are 
figures of fun to the entire non- 
ani verse. All the “pleased 

deepest d is dai n of the townees. 
And special derision is reserved 
for the allegedly profound 
“relationship” between horse- 
woman and steed. The 
“snblimation”jokes start crash- 
ing in. 

Perhaps it Is comforting not to 
Cake loo seriously a sport so 
demanding of physical courage 
in which women so regularly 

they talk about any “bond” that 
exists between them and the 
horses they ride. Lester Piggott 
said: “I don't talk to horses. Ail 
horses are alike to me. They will 
obey rite same orders.” .And 
John Francome said in bis 
autobiography. Bon Larky. “1 
deliberately haven’t written 
much about horses ridden and 
races won because the winners 

can be found in the form book 
and, with the odd exception, the 
horses meant little to 
me— Riding was my job and 
horses were the tools l worked 

Skilful race riding requires 
rapid assessments of hundreds 
of horses, in bursts of a few 
minutes at a tune, and the ability 
to get the best from them m such 
conditions. To ride in events 
requires not minutes bat years. 
Event riders have to train the 
horses themselves: there is no 
other way of doing iL It involves 
hoors of daily riding over years 
of intense progressive train* 

An event nder mast get 
best possible from the horse in 
the calm beauties of dressage, 
the precise riding of the roads 
and tracks, the sensible progress 
over the steeplechase and across 
the nerve-breaking obstacles of 
the cross-country, and at the end 
most still bave a horse sound, 
supple and willing enough to 
tackle the show jumping. To do 
all that a long-term relationship 
with the horse is essentiaL 

perhaps that is why women 
choose the sport in the first 
place. Certainly it seems that the 
requirements are best answered 
by women riders. “The two-way 
trust between horse and rider is 
crucial ip event riding.” Mrs 
Green said. 

Top jockeys make the stron- 
gest possible counter-claims for 
their own field. I wonder if 
women are better at braiding 
these relationships than men. 
And whether these flat state- 
ments of rejection from the 
jockeys convey a tack, pot of 
sentimentality’, hot of sentiment. 
Perhaps what is revealed is not 
some womanly asset: in s t ead, a 
certain poverty h» the personal- 
ity of the traditional sporting 


Christie is 
back to 
his old self 

By Sriknmar Sea 

Boxing Correspondent 

An eliminator for the British 
middleweight championship 
does not sound too grand 
against the plans ofTotty Stbson 
to conquer the world in the ooi 
too distant future but for Errol 
Christie it will be the most 
important comesi of his life 
when he meets Tony Burke, ol 
Croydon, at the Royalty The- 
atre. Kingsway, London tonight. 

For Burke, who is known for 
little else but his punch, apd he 
is not known too well for that 
either, will be out to floor 
Christie now that Jose Seys. of 
Belgium, and Mark Kaylor have 
shown how it can be done. If 
Burke did put Christie on the 
floor and kept him there it 
would almost certainly flatten 
all the hopes of the exciting 
Coventry boxer. 

Christie has little to gain by 
sticking his chin ouu though he 
has to take a reasonably 
meaningful contest to prove to 
himselftbai he has got over that 
knockout by Kay lor. If be gets 
Burke out of the way quickly, no 
matter how spectacularly, his 
critics wiU still harbour doubts 
about his chin and his defence. 

They will only be satisfied if 
they see him come through a 
loe-lo-toe affair. Much, as every- 
one will be watching to see 
whether Christie can lake it on 
the chin, the Coventry middle- 
weight should have too much 
class to let Burke drag him into 
the rough stuff. 

Christie’s manager. Burt Mc- 
Carthy. who still has not recov- 
ered from that Kaylor blow on 
Guy Fawkes Night last year, 
says that Christie is back to his 
old self again and is all the more 
determined to leave the Burkes 
of this world behind him and get 
him to the ring with lop men 
like Graham. Kaylor and 

U will be interesting to see 
what steps, if any. Ernie Fossey. 
his new trainer, has taken to 
keep his chin out of harm's way. 
Or has Fossey left it up to the 
naturally gifted Christie to make 
the fine adjustments to his 
boxing to keep his chin out of 

Sibson keeps up his promise 
of having a contest a month 
when he takes on Luis Rivera, of 
the United States. The Ameri- 
can does not bare too exciting a 
record, having lost six of his 
bouts. He is oft 2in but Sibson 
should not have loo much 
trouble getting to him as. 
according to reports. Rivera 
comes to fight. 

This is Sibson's third come- 
back contest after his srmi- 
retirrment last year because of 
an arm injury and hh followers 
will be hoping to see him 
reproduce the snap of his first 
comeback contest when’ he 
knocked out Juan Elizondo, of 
Mexico. If Sibson can do the 
same to Rivera inside seven 
rounds he would be going one 
better than the wond-ranked 
Doug DeWiti and could well 
find himself moving up in the 
world ratings. 



Blyth issues a 
to his rivals 

By Barry Pickchall 

Chay Blyth threw down the 
gauntlet to his muitihuii rivals 
from Britain and France yes- 
terday to compete in a proposed 
24-hour grand prix from Brigh- 
ton to Tower Bridge. London, in 

The Silk Cut multihull chal- 
lenge. as the race is named, is a 
team event open to three boat 
groups .from any country and 
starts on Saturday. October 4. 
from Brighton Marina. Among 
the many prizes being put up to 
tempt the Formula l muitihuii 
crews into taking pan is a classic 
E-Type Jaguar for the first yacht 
across the finish line. 

Blvth. who is chairman of the 
race committee, said yesterday 
that ail of Britain’s leading 
multihuJi skippers were ex- 
pected to take part and Philippe 
Poupon. the chairman of the 
French Muitihuii Sailing .Associ- 
ation. indicated that his country 
was certain to take up the 

The course starts with an 
inshore circuit in front of Brij 
ton Parade, then takes the fleet 
up rhannel 10 one of three marks 
in the Thames Estuary before 
heading up river through the 
Thames Banter to Tower 




MOSCOW: Wflrtd chaopionafips: Sweden 3. 

Ciecncstovan* Z. Unvm S tames 9. was! 

Germany 2. 


SECOND OflnSfOffc POsaxmaa Grmsej V 

FoSrol DtVBUN: PoWBCnw* VOfk v 

Town 2 tosmen 2. 0»toa United 2. 
CENTRAL LEAGUE: fim di ««w Port- 
pon«J Lwfls Unaaa v Lscvstw Orv 
Havas » Epsom and 


slava 0. DiAla Pra&n 2. Lowxnoov Kowc* 2. 
Spana* Tn*n i.TW CN® 6t Tamil Prewv 

Z Bank Ostrava Z Sparta Prague S. Sajma 

Otornouc 2: Cum Banska Brstnca 1. 

wd»o*col. Dynamo CewB un aiov cat Dac 

QutSfsfca Streda i. SMvta i “ 

arts O L a x hn g poMoas: 

USPOA TOUR: Loading money winners (US 

urtass slated) 1 . J MahaWey, 5347.936 (about 

t>6S 0001 2. C Paata. 1 A Ban. 

S2I9.J5*. A H Siam. *175*10: 5. T KM: 

Strs.155. 6. B Larger (WGL St7251£ 7. R 

T«ay. 5t® 330 . « > Stewart. * )6J7S7- 9. C 
Pave- S15Z39O10. J NrcMaiA. S14&A04. 
Srrtah poadtoK IS. S Lpd. SI3S.AH. 


AMEWCAN LEAGUE: Kansas Cdy Rnals 8. 

Bosnjn Ran So*. Z BaMmud Owss Z. 

Toronto 0*JB Jays 1: Teaas Rangers tQ, 

MtfweuMe Brews 1. CaWonea Angela 7. 

Saama Uamars 6. Detroit Tigers 10 

«m So* 8. OaHand Agdabcs i. “ 

Bre ne rs 6 

Prague ». Bonane- 

V vnuovtca, Meta, 
ana Prague 2S. 

2 sra«a P*Mue. 27. 3 Soars Prague 25. 

WISH LEAGUE: Postponed- Ckfomese * 

Crusaders: Da Ma r . v Camac Gntnoran « 



to* TOM Mats 2 113 rml: Pdaeurgn Pirate* 

3. PnexaMoru PMtes HlOmef svtOago 

Paaes «. Los Angeles Dodgers 3 (il ma). 



ATP RANKINGS: 1 I LsrO |C<1. 2. J McEnoe 

lUSr 3. M UMander (Seek 4. B 8ec»e« iwGv-. 

5 0 Cnnvm ft®- 6 S EtSerg i&eet 7. j 

Nysirom (S«ei. 8 V N=ar iFrf. 3 A Jdrryo 

(Sere IC. » Curran ruSi 

MCE: Grand p*u wunamenb S i n g les. Nrat 

round: T Bennesdea if=n tn P Lurogren (Swbi. 

6-2. 6-3. G forget tfr> lj l Duma* /US) S-7 

&4 6-2. A Maurer (HVGi 3*. T Cna-ro^n IPr>. 6- 



■fuev Single*, Orel round f US unite* stawrr 

B Bunge (WGi W * Budan»»a iCw 8-iS-U 
Bender W C iwteson 'Swei 5-1. 6-0. D 

Some to S H etM ,wGj ? S. 6-0: P Cx-JK 

or h Goraoen. ?-S >-6. i-3. T Pn*la* to S 

GerMn. 3-6. 6-3. 6-3. A Ur-ten to C :5»5 

rSvflUT 5-3. M. W KM* to M iseKto (Can). 1- 

6. T-6. 6-1. 


MU-TON KEYNES: W o rld d ia nyuostup qS 

itydig wide Posconm •.ate-Vggeci 

EAST GBINSrEAO: t*-T*c BlUA Oeerc 

Mem Fk*t re nt ie r a Son y pm) or A Bren- 

Ke*y INZl 9-7. 4-9. 9-3. 9-4. B rwt lAus) Ot R 
Owen iGBi 9-3. 3-9. 9-2. 9-4. P Hd (5«vj> a 5 
Vccato <Aus l 9-3. 3-9. 9-2. 9-4. D turn 

tAvrjni o: « »»ad (Egypt) 9-7. 1-9. 4-9. 9-5, 9- 

3 Women: Find nxnd M J Reef tAuai ot A 

Pdmg IGB) 99. IM. 9-*. A Snvh IGBI 01 P 

Ar«rson ( GBl 9t. 9-4 0-9. 9-7. R Fnday 

|AU5» H W Cole IK#H) 9 -i. 9-2. 9-2. A 

Burerwonn IGSI to T MiDynenn (Fen 9-6. 9-4. 

>9 S-'Q 9-3. U to Morgnan (GB) H J Lsaoi 

(0319-2. 9-1. 99 

Record entry 

Peter Mannion and Barry 
Harding, from Batchwood Halt 
Golf flub. St Albans, are 
through to the regional final of 
the Martini national club better- 
ball championship, the event 
tfic\ won in its first year in 1984 
A record 115.000 players from 
1.242 dubs entered this year. 


European Cup 
Semi-final, second lag 

(FirsHeg scores fn brackets) 
Barcelona (0) v Gotoborg (3) (B.15) 
Steaua Buch (0) v Anpariacnt (1) 

First division 

A ViUa v Ipswich 
Luton v Liverpool (7.45) 
Newcastle v Manchester Utd 
Shot! Wed v Arsenal 
Tottenham v -Birmingham (8.0) 

Second division 
Bradford v Wimbledon 
Brighton v Futiam (7.4^ 

Third efivision 
Lincoln v Plymouth 
Roading v Brentford 

Fourth division 

Hereford v Stockport 

Scottish premier division 

Aberdeen v Dundee Utd 
Motherwell v Celtic 

Scottish first division 

E Fife v Hamilton 

Scottish second division 
Cowdenbeath v Queen of Sth 
Dunfermline v St Johnstone 
accVoffe Swm-finsfc Bnool Gfy v GMng- 
ham (7.45). 

VAUatALL-OPB. LEAGUE: Pw Itar c»- 
Haforc FamOoroygh v WefriemMow. Sec- 
ond dNta tan north: Royster » ** 


Trog < ChWtant St Pay. 

Restored Schuster 
aims to make 
Swedes see stars 

« (63% 

m (7 AST. Manoaishekl 

(7.45): Me tta nam v 


ley v Wigan PXJt B 

VMrasosy (7 0); U 
SiwtfieW (kilted « 

'Is European Cup 

dreams will he buried under 9 
six-goal avalanche in Baredona 
tonight, according to an astrolo- 
ger. Joaquim Tcxeirq. The 
outgoing Spanish, champions 
have been living on their nerves 
since a 3-0 first-leg semi-final 
defeat in Sweden two weeks ago 
but there was good news when 
the Barcelona newspaper. Sport. 
consulted Texeira 

"Barcelona will seme four 
goals in the first half and two 
more in the second.” was the 
astrologer’s confident- predic- 
tion of the outcome. Should less 
ethereal powers be at work, 
however, Barcelona's hopes 
may rest, on the broad shoulders 
of Bernd Schuster. 

The moody West German, 
now rest wed to fitness, and the 
Barcelona midfield, produced a 
vintage display in the 34) vic- 
tory over Valencia at Che week- 
cod and that must be a cause for 
concern in the Swedish camp. 
Much may also depend on the 
fitness of the Scottish -forward. 



Ufenfi Cup: S w n t4 ta »L sacond tag: 

Burton * UaatasMd. 

MULTIPART LEAGUE: South Uvwpooi v 
Bangor COf. 

mier dMsioK Bwnstapto 
$301: Chgaanham 
Exmouth * Taunton 

UW v Owsdon 

Oandotvn (6 J0L 
CENTRAL LEAGUE: Fh«t(S»tt«t Bams- 

Pbt Btataown * Snerntod 

Uwrpool v Hui p.Ot 
» 06t>y. Postponed: 

Noongftam Forest * Manctwster Crty 

Second (fevlskm p.0): Boson v Notts 
County. OoncSBWr « BtoCKpoOl: Gransby « 

York Preston v Scurthorpa: 9K>ke w 


Bratol Rowers (241): Portsmouth v Ww- 


w Newry; Gtonevonw Ante. 

ham w Mstoen Vste (6.15). 

Prenuar Owtstoe (6 JUf ?****? * 
Supenn a rtne: Shortwood UM w Sharp- 

ness: Wafcngtora w HQurNOw. Yata w 


Chaners v Thertont Sonam Town Rang- 

ers v Swmrarttto. 


tins i o n. Lewttno Motors w St Helens: 

Preeeot CeDles w Staiytnoge Cetae. 


v Rest of tne wona (at Cardiff. W7). 

CLUB MATCHES: BnCgend » Penartn 

(7 or CWton w Bristol (7.0L Lytowy » 

OLvnorOBn Wanors. Pontypoot w South 

wms ram. 



nam v HuB: York v Wamngmn 160). 

Second dMston: D r amtay « MansliekJ 

Uerksmerc Hunstoi v Leigh: SnelMo 

Eagles « Workington (6 0) 


GOLF: Father ana Son Foursomes (at 
West Hill OO 

REAL TENNIS: Centenary tournament (31 
Queen s OuO). 

SQUASH: Bnftsfl Open (at Oumigstnl 
SC. East G nn s i w M). 

TENNIS: BH5 tournament (MCuntoertanfl 

Venables will 
stay in Spain 

Barcehraa (Reuter) — Barce- 
lona hare c o nfirmed that their 
Easlish esawh, Terry Vcaables. 
mB be staying with the team for 
at least one more year. "The 
current coach wOL keep his job 
next season” officials said. 

Venables, whose aue has 
been linked with the . London 
debs, Arsenal and Tottenham 
Hotspur, has a contract with 
Baredona until 1988, fort the 
officials -meatioMd only the 
1986-87 season. 

Baredona have bad a mixed 
seasoa in Spain, surrendering 
the League championship to 
Real Madrid but reaching the 
finals of (he European Cmt and 
Spanish Cop. 

Steve Archibald, who scored the 
match-winning goal against the 
holders. Juveuius. in (be quar- 
ter-finals before limping out ol 
action with a strained leg 

Archibald is convinced he will 
recover in time to lead the 
Barcelona, attack, and he 
sounded only marginally less 
confident than the astrologer 
when he said “GOteborg will 
find it's a different show this 
time. The stadium, the fens and 
the atmosphere will all be in our 
favour, we are convinced we 
can get the goals which wiU put 
us in the final.” 

The misleading image of Swe- 
den as an unfashionable north- 
ern outpost of European football 
will be shattered permanently if 
Gdteborg win. While the Swedes 
are feared whenever they don 
skis or skates, their footballers 
have never commanded the 
same respect. 

Just why that should be 

remains a mystery. Six of the 
current Gdtebotg side were 
members of the team which 
outclassed Hamburg of West 
Germany 4-0 on aggregate in the 
1982 UEFA Cup nnaL It would 
be crass to dismiss them as 
second-class finalists and they 
will be worthy opponents for 
either Anderieeht of Belgium or 
■C pkm Bucharest in Seville cm 
May 7. 

Anderieeht will have to call 
on their vast experience when 
they defend a slender 1-0 advan- 
tage in Romania. Although they 
have a disappointing European 
Cup record. Seville would mark 
their seventh European final 
and they are past masters in the 
art of stifling teams such as 

The main threat to the Bel- 
gian defence is likely to come 
from Victor Piturca. who scored 
a hat-trick in the 3-1 win over 
Bucharest's rivals. Rapid, at the 
weekend and has struck in every 
round of the European Cup to 

Anderieeht. already without 
their veteran goalkeeper, Jadcy 
M una ren, who has a pulled 
shoulder muscle, were 
surprizingly beaten 2-0 by the 
modest Beerschot in the Belgian 
League at the weekend when 
coach Arie Haan's experiment 
with a new defensive system 

Anderieeht bave proved 
themselves one of Europe's 
most breathtaking attacking 
teams on their day but their 
ability to absorb continuous 
pressure has never been fully 
proved and recent results sug- 
gest their international stars are 
vulnerable to nerves. 

Like Gdteborg, Dynamo Kiev 
have a handsome 3-0 advantage 
over Dskla Prague and it wouki 
be a major surprise if the 
Ukrainians were missing from 
the Cup Winners’ Cup final in 
Lyons on May Z The other 
semifinal tie is nicely balanced 
with Atfetko Madrid defending 
a 1-0 lead against Bayer 
Uerdiagea in West Germany. 

The UEFA Cup is traditonally 
overshadowed by the two other 
competitions but that will not be 
the case in the Bcraabeu sta- 
dium where the holders. Real 
Madrid, will be bidding to 
overcome a 3-1 reverse against 
Intemazfoetale Milan in the first 

leg. Real were rvra worse placed 

last season when .they trailed 
Inter 2-0at the same stage. But a 
3-0 second-leg win took them 
into the final and the Italians 
may live to regret conceding 
that first 4eg goal m the San Sira 
stadium: ' 

Cologne of West Germany 
will undoubtedly be awaiting 
the winners in the two-leg final 
on ApciL 30 and May 6. They 
overcame Waregem 4-0 in the 
first leg and are unlikely to 
surrender that advantage in 
Belgium. . 

Sexton is 
for all-out 

Dave Sexton, manager of the 
England Under-21 team, plans 
aSoui attacking role fw h« 
Side when they meet Jw}y 
second leg of the final of the# 
European Llnder-2 1 cltampion- 
ship at Swindon next Wednes- 
day. Iialv won the fast leg --0 in 
Pisa Iasi week riim player 
dub commitments 
eland to play a weakened team. 

Sexton has a much stron- 
ger squad, announced ' 

for the second leg. including the 
return of Venison (Sunderland). 
Pickering (Covennyl- Cranwn 
(Ipswich). Adams 
Robson (Arsenal). Wallace 
(Southampton) and Walters 
(Aston ViUa). . - . 

Fereday. the Queens Park 
Rangers utility player. and Law- 
m»ce. the Southampton winger, 
arc included as the two over-age 
SSsSSinplace of Mabbutt and 
Stevens, both of Spurs- ^ 

Sexton would have indudet^ 
the West Ham players Dickens 
and Coiiee. but has not done so 
because the London dub nave 
an important first division fix- 
ture at home to Newcastle two 
days before the match against 
Italy. Nonetheless. Sexton is 
pleased with his squad. It 
includes more of the P*ayer> 
who have got us this far be 
said “They know each other far 
better than the team who played 
in the first leg-7 
Sexton's tactics for the match, 
too. are perfectly clear. We 
shall set our stall out and attack 
from the start” he said. When 
you are two goals dovm. you 
really have no other choice. »c 

are quite capable of getting three 
goals, but the more difficult task ■* 

when you are planning an 
attacking game is to shut tne 
door as well. Away goals count 
in this competition and it is 
important that *c ^ stop the 
Italians from scoring.” 

Sexton has doubts about only 
two of his squad Parker and 
Coney, of Fulham, who have 
both been suffering with knee 

England the holders of the 
championship, beat Italy in the 
semi-finals of the last com- 
petition in 1984. Then England 
won (he first leg >1 at homeand 
lost 1-0 away to go through to 
the final against Spain. 



Sand). N 

Seaman (Birmingham) A 
rtnnv B Verason (Sund». 
(Coventry). 0 Thomas 

FIFA are incensed by 
end-of-match fight 

Zurich (Reuter) — An Inter- 
national Football Federation 
(FIFA) official yesterday 
warned of strong action after the 
brawl at the end of Monday's 
clash between Uruguay and the 
World Cup hosts. Mexico, in 
Los Angeles. 

Mexico won the matach 1-0 
but 47,000 Americans in the 
Memorial Coliseum, the show- 
piece of the 1984 Olympics, 
witnessed a free-for-all among 
rival players at the final whistle. 

The FIFA vice-president, 
Harry Cavan, of Northern Ire- 
land attending a conference of 
delegates from the 24 World 
Cup finalists in Zurich, said he 
found it incredible that such an 
incident should happen.Cavan 
said: “Whoever is found respon- 
sible can expect drastic. action. 
Tbe referee has seven days to 
submit his report, and after the 
two parties involved give their 
own accounts. FIFA’s disci- 

plinary committee will step in. 

“We have been talking of tbe 
urgent need to improve the 
image of soccer and the oeed to 
combat spectator disturbances 
and mindless violence. And 
now this happens, a few weeks 
before the World Cup starts. I 
am the certain FIFA president 
(Joao Havel ange. of Brazil) will 
insist on exemplary punishment 
being meted exit once the fects 
are known.” The ■ American 
referee. Angelo . Brazzi. cau- 
tioned several (flayers during the 
game but reportedly lost control 
when he was jostled by Uru- 

(Lutb rt, I Buuarirath (Nottingham For- 
eat), i Cranson (Ipswich). A Adams 
an. p lW (ftEamk G Pancar 
S Robson (Arsenal). 0 Coney# 
M Newell (Luton). 0 Wallace 

pton), M Wallers (Aston VHIaL w 

treday (OPR). G Lawrence 

Sharpe appeal 

Doug Sharpe, the former 
Swansea Gty chairman, said 
yesterday that he needed more 
money urgently if his rescue 
pac kag e was to succeed. He is 
being pressed by the official 
receiver to find £50.000 within a 
week to cover the third division 
'dub's expected losses and the 
remuneration of the special 
manager administering the 
dub's affairs. 

Monday’s results 

FIRST OMSK** Leicester Crty 1 . OPR 4 
FOURTH DfVISlOffc Halifax Town 0. 
Torquay UM 0. 

GOLA LEAGUE: Kettering 4. Wycombe t: 
Nuneaton OFrxMayl. 


guayan players after disallowing Watford o 
-w. ■‘w.iitili'inr’ SOUTHER 

ofcBognor 1, Brshop s SKjnford I. 
MULTinUfr LEAGUE: GainstJorgugfi 0. 
Horwa> 3; Hyde 3. Gatesnead 3 
SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Prwmr dfcnstafr. 
Cnefmshxd t. Stiepstwa <7: Corby Z. 
BasjnostDfce 1: Dudley 3, Witney 4. 
CENTRAL LEAGUE: first dWon: Aston 
VBla Z Hull 0. Derby Z. Barnsley O. West 
Brwn 1. Newcastle 1: Wigan 1. SDefliekJ 
Utd Z. Second (Svtaion: Preston 1. 
Coventry 3. Woh/erhampton Wanderers a 
Burtsev 0; Botton 0. Blackpool 1. 
wicM; Charlton 5. Crystal Palace 0 
HERTS CUP: Seta-final: Stevenage Z 

an "equalizer’ 

At the final whistle, a fight 
between the players broke out 
behind one goai and newspaper 
photographs showed the Uru- 
guayan goalkeeper. Rodolfo 
Rodriguez, aiming kicks at a 
Mexican player. 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Mdtantf tfuMtm: 
Hednestord 1 . Mentiyr Tydta Z. Mtle Oak 0 
Gkwoestar T; VS Rugby 2. Redtttcft 1 
Soulhani dMafcm: Torondge 0. Cam- 


dlvttaoftr Tottenham 1. Was t Ham J. 

LOS ANGELES: lotamattooafc Mexico t. 
Uruguay 0. 

MOTHERWELL: Scftodboy International 
( under-IB* Scotland 4. England 5. 



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4 -T IS. 


^ §]l 6.00 Ceefax AM. 

<K Breakfast TJms with Frank 
DH •: Bough and SeHna Scott 

%[[ SSSfa HUP 

V refltonai new®, weather 

■; and traffic at 6.57, 7.27, 

7-57 and 8J27; nation# and 
~ ..■*■■ international news at 7.00. 

7,30, &00, 4-30 and 9,0ft 
spon at 7.20 and &20; this 
7J3SL and a.raview of the 

837. Plus. Beverley Alt's 
fashion tips; and Anson 
Mitchell's 'phon«htn 

finandat advice. The 

9-20 Ceefax 10 50 Play School 
(rjIfLSO Qhartjar. in this 
week's edition of the 
‘ . .magazine programme for 
Asian women Parveen 
' Mtnsa talks to saijad and 
Ghazaia Munir who' have 
four GftiMren. all of whom 
are deaf 11. IS Ceefax. 
1250 News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore and 
Frances Coverdale. - 
Includes news headlines 
with subtitles 1255 
■ Regional news and 

, 150 Pebble Mffl at One 
% presented by Bob Langley, 
Josephine Buchan and 
Paul Coia. Playwright Pam 
Gems has the latest news 
on the Richard Burton 
Drama Awards; 
Merseyside poet Craig 
Charles entertains: ana 
Michael Smith begins a 
new English cookery 
course 1 .46 Bertha, 

. . narrated by Roy Kin near 
'.with Shelia Walker 2-00 

215 Racing from Cheltenham. 
Coverage of four races - 

Mm6f Steeplechase (3 0SV 
the Malden Timber (EBF) ' 
Novices' Hurdle Race 
Final (3.40). The 4.15 race 
is on BBC 2. 352 Regional 

256 Up Our Street (r> 4.10 The 
Btskitts. Two cartoons. 
430 Take Two presented 
by Philip Schofield. The 
two programmes receiving 
the amateur critics' 
attentions are Think It.. Do 
Itt arid It’s Not Just 

435 John Craven's 

Newmound 535 The 
December Rose. The final 
episode of thr adventure 
serial and Bamacie has lo 
use all his powers of 
cunning. 535 The 
FBntstones Cartoon 

(LOO News with Sue Lawtey and 
Nicholas Witched. 


535 London Plus. 

7.00 Wogan. Sue Lawiey. 
sitting-in for the ho/iday- 
making Terry, welcomes 
Peter Ustinov on his 65th 
birthday; Cedi Parkinson; 
and Toyah Willcox. Musk: 
comes from Level 42. 

7.40 No Place Like Home. With 
his grown-up children 
showing nostans of 
leaving ncnme Arthur ' . . r 
cpncbctsja sdheme^he. 2 • 
Thinks wli sdfve tre' 1 i 
housing problem. (Ceefax) 

8.10 Dallas. J.R. is seething as 
Pam takes her place at the 
fteadof EwlngOfl. 


3.00 News with Julia Somemfls 
and John Humphry* *. - 

930 Q-E-Dj The Meaning of 
Dreams. BiH Oddi a is the 
guinea pig as a Freudian 
analyst Dr Jonathan 
Peder. and a Jungian, 
Judith Hubback. analyse 
his nocturnal images, (see 
Choice) (Ceefax) 

1030 Sportsnight introduced 
by Steve Rider. The line- 
up includes highlights of 
this aftenoon s Rugby 
Union game between the' 
British Urns and the Rest; 
the George Wtmpey ABA 
semi-finals: news ol the' 
test day 's play in the d'rfth 
and final Test match 
between the West Indies 
and England; and a 
preview of Sunday's 
London Marathon. 

1135 Yes 9012 Live. The pop 
Yes in concert in 

vintage film of earlier 
it. 50 Weather 

s television and radio programmes 

DREAMS (BBC 1 .9.30pm), a 
jokey edition of O.EO.wrth a 
characteristically cfxrpy 

performance from Bin Oddte. 
shows how much more 
sophisticated snooze-time 
divination has become since the 
days of the pharaohs when, 
to dream of eatmg crocodile flesh 
was interpreted as meaning 

mat you were fared to become a 
tax inspector. Freud and . 

Jung have weighed in with their 
own pet theories about the 
sub-conscious since then, but 
as we team tonigm.even 
clever modern psychoanalysts 
can't agree about what it was 
in Oddie's past that makes wm 
dream that, trousertess. he is 
running through bowter-hattad. 

935 Thames news headlines 
followed by Onceupono 
" Time-JWan. The Fertile 
Valleys is the tide of this 
episode of the cartoon 
. senes tracing the. > 
evolution of man (r) 955 

Boy of Central Africa. The 
me of a young Zambian .. 
boy 10.10 Dangerfreaka. 
The dangerous world Of 
stuntmen 1035 Cartoon 
Time featuring 
Courageous CaM 138 
Indian Legends of 
Canada. The vanity of a 
young brave leads to the 
spirit work! taking 


1130 About Britain. Clive 
Gunned, continuing his 
journey along the 
Cotswotd Way, travels 
from [Tormarton to Horton. 
1230 Parti sod BBL Adventures 
of a fighthousa keeper. 
1210 Our Backyard 
' wherelauraisplayfng 
■" shopsfr) ■ - • 

1230 Tafldng Personally. Sarah 
Kennedy In conversation 
with Rosalind Runcie. 

1.00 News at One 130 Thames 
News 1.30 The 
Champions. The Nemesis 
agents investigate the 
death of one scientist and 
the kidnapping of many 
others, (r) 

230 Farmhouse Kitchen. A 
rww series begins with 
- Grace Mulligan preparing 
pancakes 3JJ0 University 

ChaHenm. St Hilda's 
Colege, Oxford versus 
University of Leeds. 
Presented by B amber 
Gascoigne 225 Thames 
• news headlines 330 Sons 
and Daughters. Australian 
soap opera 

430 Portland 0BL A repeat of 
the programme shown at - 
noon 410 James the Cat 
Cartoon series 420 
Scooby-Ooo 445 The Aik. 

. Environmental adventures 
.. of a group of 

BiO OddierMexnlng of Dreams, 
on BBC1, 9 J®pn 

in Waterloo station. Despite 
serious reservations.! bow to 


the superior knowledge of the 
analyst who, teaming that 
Oddie experiences ruamime 
fantasies about a tea-lady 
pushing a greet tump of raw beef 
about on her trofley, suggests 
a causative link with childhood 
depnvanon of maternal 
affection. But, even though I can 
see some logic in a knile or 
tree-trunk being interpreted as 
the male sex organ.l tail to 
understand what an oven has to 
do with the female equivalent 

•Dying from the incurable 
and wasting Motor Neurone 
Disease, the film actor David 
Niven made this appeal: ‘Ted 
people what it is like, this 
bloody disease. 

moo NewsatTMtaod 

followed by Themes news 
headlines. ; 

10.30 Midweek Sport Special 
nrtroduced by Brian ; 
Moore. European football 

Frank warren s twi at 
London's Royalty Theatre. 

1230 FHm: Bachelor of Arts 
(1968) Starring Michael 
Bentine. Conrady about a 
Spanish onion seller and 
his brushes wfth British 
bureaucracy. Directed by 

Then.perhaps. somebody win 
find a cure." THE BEST KEPT 
SECRET ( Channel 4. 

830pm). a TV documentary mar 
reflects me cinema skills of 
its director Ckve Donner.does. 
mdeed. tell is wnat MND is 
like, and a distressing and 
intensely moving expenence 
if is. too. as we watcn and listen 
to these victims (some of 
whom have since died) who are 
accurately described by a 
MND Association patient care 
officer as very alert brains 
trapped inside bodies that cannot 
res pone. Tne documentary is 
presented by former actress 
Sally Miles Her tnoughts. 
heaven knows, are firmly rooted 
-m personal knowledge of 
Motor Neurone Disease. She is a 
victim herself. 

Peter DavaMe 

Berlioz (D'amour. rardente 
damme, La damnation de 
Faust Janet Baker, mezzo). 
Respighi (The Birds 
suite). 100 News 
9.05 This Week's Composer 
CheruDini. Concert 
Overture m G: Ave Maria 

:w>th Yakar.soprano: 
Kiockef.dannatl, Horn 
Sonata No 2 inf: 
Baumam.homj, Symphony 
m D. 

1030 Music for two Pianos; 

Keith SwaJJow and John 
Wilson. Copland (El Salon 
Mexico, arranged 
Bernstein). Rachmaninov 
(Sympnonic Dances) 

10.45 Scottish Cnamber 
Orchestra (unoer 
Fnendl-Strauss (Serenade in 
E fiat, op 7), Schoenberg 
/Chamber Symphony No l). 
Schubert (f 

Edited by Peter Dear 

and Peter Davalle 

and epics from western 

..ySSmi** 1 

VHP oitiy: Open Univ^s^y- 

> nr -fka rnnMW . . 

635 Open Umvertity: 
Computing - Overseas 
Containers. Ends at 730 
930 Ceefax 

230 Fan: Eternal Love* (1943) 
starring Madeleine 
Sotogne. Jean Marais and 
Jean Murat Jean 
Cocteau's modem 
interpretation of the 
Tristan and iseutt legend. 
A nephew finds a bnde for 
- his rich unde but 
' complications arise when 
a jealous sister-in-law 
appears on the scene. 
De lannoy . English 

330 Racing from Chettenham 
continued from BBC 1. 
The Steel Plate and 
. , '.. ..Sections YoungChasers 
Championship Final (4. 15L 
435. Cele bra ti on Rugby Union. 
Live coverage from Cardiff 
■' Arms Park of the game 
between the Batten Lions 
and the Rest, picked from 

France and Australia, 
celebrating the centenary 
of the International Rugby 
Board. The commentators 
are Nigel Starmer-Smith 
and Gareth Edwards. 

63S Young Musictan of the 
Year 1986. Humphrey 
Burton introduces the 
■ Wind Semina/ featuring 
flautists, an oboist, a 
. clarinettist bassoonists 
and recorder players. The 
, - judges are Alun Hdddinott 

Margaret Campbell, Tflss 
. Milter and Wfifiam 
. > Waterhouse. . 

7.15 The World About 0 k * 
Calypso Cricket lan 
’ WoofctMgeisfntfte 
Caribbean to discover why 

• tfie West Indian cricketers 
reign supreme over the 
world. Among those who 
- - give their opinions are 
Gary Sobers. Clyde 
Walcott and the awesome 
Vlv Richards 

835 MOD. Expecting the 
Unexpected is the title of 
- the second programme in 
David Taylor's series 
exploring the workings of 
flie Ministry of Defence 
, . .' and In a.Mr Taytor . - 

-. discoversTtow the armed . 

forces react toevents V * 
. around the globp and. 
topically, the rues, 
surrounding United States 
Air Force bases in Britain 
930 M* A'STi.Major Bums is 
fivid when Botfcps' ardour 
is transferred frorp him to 
the seemingly perfect 
Captain' Jonathan Tutde. ' 
What Is a man Hta Tuttle 
doing m a rough and ready 
outfit like the 4077th? W 
935 FBm: Sybil (1976) Part two 
\ of tt» made-for-televteion • 
drama starring Joanne 
Woodward and Sally Field 
• .about a psychiatrists 
efforts to discover the troe 
-- persona of a young gfcf 

with a myriad of. 
personalities. Directed by 
. Daniel Petrie. , . 

TT30 NewsnighL The latest 
' - national and international 
-news including extended 
coverage of the main story 
of the day. Presented by 
John Tusa, Pater Snow, 
Donald MscCormick and 
Olivia O'Leary. 

1130 Weather. 

1135 Open University: 

Radio 4 

On long wave. VHF variations at end 
Of Ratio 4 bstjngs. 

5.55 Shipping 530 News Briefing; 
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635 Prayer (s). 

639 Today md S3 0. 730. 

830 News 445 Business 
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7.00. 830 News 735. 

83S Spon 7.45 Thought for 
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in Partiamem 837 Weather; 

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Otfesoon Tune. 

Listeners' questions 
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1854 by WUliam Saroyan. 

11X45 Da8 Service (New Every 

1130 NCTvs^rm^The ^ 

Wound Dresser. 

Recollections of the 
American Cnnt War from 
the journals, letters and 
poems at Wart Whitman 

11.48 Dancing a Hornpipe m 
Fetters. Suzanne Burden 
reads from the journals and 
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actress, Fanny Kemble (2). 
1230 News; You and Yours. 

1237 Around the World in 25 
Years (new senes) 

Johnny Moms recalls some 
of the places he has 
visited and people he has 
meLToday. France. 

1355 Weather. 

1.00 The World at One: News 
140 The Archers. 135 


200 News: woman's Hour. 
Includes an interview 
wan novehst Hammond 

200 News; The Afternoon 
Play. The Storytellers. 

Love a la Russe, based on 

Enc Griffiths looks a: jokes 
by Samuel Beckett. 

5.Q0 PM; News magazine. 

530 Shipping 535 

630 News: Financial Report 
630 Film Star. Alexander 
Weiker recans me screen 
career of Michael casne. 

730 News 
735 The Archers 
730 In Business. Peter Smith 
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of the business worm 
7.45 Brainwaves. Margaret 
Percy presents tne 
education magazine .Tonight: 
Scnooicrutaren at work. 

8.15 Tales from Paradise. 

June Knox-Mawer with 
memories of me British who 
wem to the South Pacific 
(4) Putting Down Roots. 

930 Thirty-Minute Theatre. 

Tne Trap by Philomena 
Uiyart. With James Garoutt 
and Shaun Prendergast 
m me cast (ri ts). 

930 Adventure. Tnts week: 

Wnne Water Rafting. 

945 Kaleidoscope includes 
comment on me David 
GoJobiatt photographs 
exmoiron at the 
Phctograpners Gallery. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: Tne 
Bante of Pollock s 
Crossing (8|. Read by Keith 
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1030 The World Tonicm 

11.15 The Financial World 

1130 Today m Parliament 

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VHF (avail sole in England and 
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except 535 -630 am 
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pm Listening Comer. 530- 
535 PM (continued). 
1130-1210 am Open 
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Radio 3 

Labour ftuty pofltictan. 


830 GaBery- Art quiz 
introduced by Georgs 
Mefly. The regUar team 
captains, Maggl Hambfin 
and Frank WMtfortL are 

.. attending Newcasde.' , 

■ Polytechnic. (Oracle} 

830 The Se** Kept Secret A 
documemary about Motor 
Neurone Disease, the 
degenerative Knee that 
... . dantedtha Ufa of David 
- NhraiL among others. Sir 
Bemarif.NHea'a actress 
" tteugWar.SaBy, herself a 
sufferer, talks to tallow 
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930 Prospects. Part nine of ttte 
series about two youthful 

Mar Leslie as Lou- Lou. 
347 Lata Reflections. Poems 
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430 News 

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hostesses^ q 
445 Kaleidoscope Extra: 
Beckett's Humour. Dr 

635 Weather. 730 News 
7 JOS Mormng Concert Amokt 
(Engfish OancesL Dvorak 
(Four Romantic Pieces, 0 
Zaknxpiano), Copland 

(Music sfor movies), 10.55 Changes: Me 

Brahms (Hungarian Dance, anthology ,wii 

No 19 in B Holmes Alan 

minor .orchestrated by 
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Goldmark (|m Fruhling 
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19: HubeaupianoL 

730 Debut: Kathleen Winkler 
(wolm). Michael Dussak 
(piano). Nielsen (Violin 
Sonata No 2). Hubay 
(Hare Kan. Op 32) 

730 LSO (under Michel 
Plasson). with Barry 
T uckwell (horn) Part one. 
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(Bacchus et Ariane; suite 
No 2) 

830 Six Continents: foreign 
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monitored by the BBC . With 
Ian McDougail 
840 Con cert pan 2. Berlioz 
(Symphonie fantastique) 

245 Beckett at 80- Patnck 
Magee. Billie Whiteiaw . 
Harold Pinter and Michael 
Deacon in Rough for 
Radio, by Samuel Beckett(r) 
10.10 BBC Singers in Durham 
Cathedrahpart one. 

Britten (Sacred and Profane: 
eight medieval lyrics). 

Tallis (leiunio et fletu). 

Casken (To fields we do 
not know) 

10.55 Changes: Verse 

anthology .with Robte 
Holmes Juan Wheatley and 
Ellen McIntosh 
1135 BBC Smgers:psrt 2 W 
GiOies Whittaker 
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(Ouomodo cantabimus?), 
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Schubert (Death and the 

1215 Concert HaO: 

Gainsborough Trio. 

Brahms (Trio No 2 in C). 130 

1.05 Sonny Roftns: Richard 
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Song, etc, from Peer Gyrrt). 
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No 5), Dvorak (Silem 
Woods). AmokJ (Four 
Scottish Dances) and 
Ferguson arrangements 
of Four Irish Folk Tunes 
230 Bee movent Paul 

Berkowta (pianojplays 
the Sonata m A ftet. Op 1 10 
235 Cricket final day of the 
Fifth Test. Continues on 
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530 Midweek Choice: 

recordings of works by 
Haydn (Symphony No 21). 
Chopin (Cello Sonata m 
G minor. Op 65: lgloi(ceUo), 
Benson (piano). 

Hovhaness (And God 

Quartet ivo o/. 

Voices of Chi ktien) . 

Evnnsoncr torom York MinsWf. 

Radio 2 

On medium ware. For VHF 
variations, see Radio 1. 

News on me hour. HoacWnw 

5.30 am. 630. 730 and Uft 
Cncket Fifth Test West intaw 
v England at 1.05 pm. 202W2 
4,02 5.05, 532. 845. (mf Only), 

832 932.255,1132. 

4.00 am Colin Berry (S) 530 
Ray Moore (s) 730 Derek Jamoeon 
(S) 930 Ken Bruce (Si 1130 
jimmy Young (s) 135 pm Dated 

Newmarket: 3.10 £25.000 
Ladbroke European Free Handicap 
230 David Hemdton (s) 535 
John Dunn (s) 730 Fow on 2 (s) 

8.30 The Macabnans end 
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siigm case of Murdoch (Richard 
Murdoch) 10.15 Harvey and tin 
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Mus* ts). 

Radio 1 

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News on the hair hour from 630 
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730 James Long 1030-1200 John 
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430 am As Radio 2 10,00 As Rado 
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6.00 rtowsaes* 6J0 Uonaan TJOO Maws 
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Today 1035 A Letter from Wales 1030 
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Reed Snow 130 News 1.01 Outlook 130 
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B nan 3.16 The World Today 445 
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World Today. AH tanes in OUT. 

ay c. d- 4^ a S%^S n i! 089k W 275 ^ Radio 2: 693kHz/433ra; 909kH/433m; Radio 3: 12l5kHz/247m: VHF -91P 

WF 97A c * piM: « akH ^ 84 ™ Wf: BBC London 



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caunt Rgnagred 1230pm-130 Judi 
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nigra 1230 News, Cioseaown. 

RDRnER ** London except: 

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RRANADA As London ex- 

MtlMnHUH CBp1 gjs*,, Granada 
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CJC Scans: 130pra Countdown 
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Flaebatam 2.15 interval 230 Racmg 
(rom Newmeiket 430 Bdidowcar 435 

You're Mme 1130 WaBdng to New 
Orleans 1230am Closedown. 


KWS Funner930 Matt end Jenny 
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ULSTER ks London except 
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Charmed life 


From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, St John's, Antigua 

England made sure that 
West Indies had 10 bat again 
in the fifth Test match, spon- 
sored by Cable and Wireless, 
here yesterday when their Iasi 
three’ first innings wickets pul 
together another 47 runs. Al- 
though Gower missed his 
hundred. England were near 
to 300 by the lime he was oul 
West Indies started their sec- 
ond innings half an hour 
before lunch with a lead of 

England saved the follow- 
on in the fourth over of the 
morning, so making sure of 
taking a Test match into a fifth 
day for only the second time 
in the series. Of the 12 more 
runs they needed to do so. 
Gower scored 1 1 and the other 
was a no-ball, of which, in the 
innings, there were no fewer 
than 49. nine of them scored 

From this start. Gower bore 
a charmed life. In the second 
over, bowled by Holding, he 
edged a boundary through 
third slip's upst retched hands, 
was bowled b% a no-ball, and 
very nearly gave a return 
catch. A couple of good hooks 


WEST INDIES: First tnnmgj 474 (□ L 
Haynes 131. M D Marshal 76. M A 
Molding 73, fl A Harper GO*. 

Second tattings 

D L Haynes not out 

R B Richardson not out 


Total (no wM) 

C G Greentdgo. H A Gomes. 

- 30 
1 V A 

Richards. IP J Oufon, " 0 " £ 

Harper. M A HowSg, J Gamer and B P 

Patterson to WL 

ENGLAND: First timings 
G A Gooch Bwr b Holding _ 

W N Stack c Gie enWg e 9 Patterson . 
R T Rotamaon b Marshall 

*D I Gower c DuJon b Marshal , 

A J Lamb c and b Harper 

- ' ib Gamer . 

M W Gatttng c Dujon 
l T Botham c Harper b Gamer 
tP R Downton e HoWing b Gamer — 5 

R M EHiaon c Dujon b Marshal 6 

J E Embuiey not oot 7 

N A Foster c Hotfng b Gamer . 

Extras (b S, (b 6, nh 40J 


_ 10 
- 51 
. 3X0 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-127, 2-«2. 3-157, 
4-160, 5-305. 6-223. 7-237, 8-289, M 90. 
BOWLING: Marshall 24-5-64-1 Ganw 
21.4-2-57-4: Patterson 14-2-49-1; Hom- 
ing 20-3-71-1; Harper 26-7-45-1: Rich- 
ards 2-0-3 0. 

Umpires'. C Cimbetbetch and L Barker. 

followed in Holding's next 
over, the first of which saw 
England to at least a tempe- 
ra ry reprieve. 

Asked on Monday how he 
would bat yesterday. Gower 

said: “You hit what you see; 
that's the way you play, well, 
he was hitting again, at a short 
bail from Marshall this time, 
when given out caught at the 
wicket, acrobatically, by 
Dujon. By then, Ellison had 
also been caught at the wicket 
off Marshall after batting for 
82 minutes and adding 52 
with Gower. Gower’s 90 was 
the highest score for England 
in a first-class match on the 
tour, and Ellison will not play 
many more useful single-fig- 
ure innings than this oae. 

There followed a vile piece 
of bowling by Marshall to 
Foster while Emburey and 
Foster were making 20 for 
England’s last wicket and 
keeping West Indies in ihe 
field for a further half hour. 
Having hit Foster first on the 
left-hand then on the right, 
and then in the ribs, all with 
short bails. Marshall whistled 
a vicious bouncer over 
Fosters head. Bowling like 
this, and glaring at the bats- 
man after each delivery, Mar- 
shall belies his reputation for 
sportsmanship. He has done 
too much of it this winter. 

spin of Qadir 

Shaijah (Reiner l - Abdul 
Qadir yesterday spun Pakistan 
into the final of the world's 
richest cricket tournament as 
New Zealand were dismissed 
for 64. 

The leg-spinner bowled 
three New Zealand batsmen in 
one devastating over and Pa- 
kistan did not lose a wicketin 
winning the semi-final. 

Pakistan will now play In- 
dia on Friday for a winner's 
purse or $40,000 t £27.000). 
The runners-up will collect 
$30,000 from the five-nation 
tournament which carries a 
total prize money of S 1 10,000. 

New Zealand were in trou- 
ble from the outset. They lost 
the toss and Imran Khan.the 

Pakistan captain sent them in 
to bat and then removed the 
openerManin Snedden in the 
first over. Wasim Afcram. the 
young fast bowler, then 
promptly outdid Imran, tak- 
ing three wickets in his open- 
ing spell to have New Zealand 
tottering at 18 for four. 

Qadir was already in the 
thick of the action, snapping 
up a brilliant catch at short 
mid-wicket to dismiss Martin 
Crowe. New Zealand's leading 
batsman, for nine. Qadir, aged 
31. then joined the bowling 
attack and broke the back of 
the New Zealand batting. 

Qadir. the man-of-the- 
maich. bowled Bruce Blair. 

Tony Blain and John 
Bracewcll in one over and 
finished with a remarkable 
four wickets for nine runs 
from 10 overs. Wasim also 
returned impressive figures of 
three for 10 from seven overs. 

Nevertheless, the New Zea- 
land performance was lamen- 
table. The only batsman to 
reach double figures was Evan 
Gray with 17. Pakistan's 
opening pair Mudassar Nazar 
and Mohsin Khan coasted to 
victory, hitting 66 runs in 214 

SCORES: New Zealand. 64 (Abdul 
Qadir 4 for 9. 

Wasim Akram 3 tor 10). Pakistan: 
66 (or no wicket (Mudassar Nazar 
32 not out Mohsin Khan 34 not out). 


By Nicholas Harling 
The English Basket Ball 


Association (EBBA) 
stand firm against a 
coed breakaway by a group of 
National League dobs and the 
Scottish champions, Murray 
International Metals, 

In a letter to all the dobs, 
the president of the associa- 
tion, Mr Keith Mitchell, states 
that the association will not 
accede to the proposals, which 
include pa ss ing the control of 
the Natiessal League from the 
EBBA to the dabs for the 

coining season, 
he El 

The EBBA have already set 
up a committee of inquiry to 
look at ihe long-term future of 
the National League and a 
report will be presented later 
in the year in time for any 
recommendations to be imple- 
mented for the 1987/88 season 
if appropriate. The English 
dobs involved are Kingston, 
Sunderland, Portsmouth, 
Crystal Palace, Manchester 
United, Manchester Giants, 
Solent, Hemel/Watford, 
Bracknell and Leicester. Bir- 
mingham rejected the imita- 
tion which may now be passed 
to Bolton, who are also be- 
lieved to be reluctant to join 
the breakaway group. If the 
breakaway does go ahead 
there would be no room for 
Worthing - whose future is in 
any case uncertain — Brunei. 
Uxbridge and Camden, or 
either of the promoted clubs, 
CalderdaJe or Derby. 

Mr Mitchell, who is also a 
member of the Central Board 
of the International Basket- 
ball Federation and chairman 
of the Central Council of 
Physical Recreation, 
sjud:“Tbe association will 
seek the co-operation of any 
dabs who feel the need to form 
an independent league, with a 
view to pnrsnading them that 
this is a counter-productive 

Phil Matthews, a member of 
tiie National League manage- 
ment board, said: “The transi- 
tion of the administration of 
the National League from the 
EBBA to the dabs is an 
evolutionary and not a revolu- 
tionary movement. I personal- 
ly think it is regrettable that 
this latest complicated situa- 
tion has arisen and hope it will 
be resolved quickly 





By Paul Martin 
There are those in South 
Africa who believe the fbrtb- 

coraing tour by an **um>rociar 

On the defensive: Jason Goodali, of Britain, on his way to a 6-4, 6-3 defeat -g 

in the Unit round of the British Home Stores teams tournament yesterday. Report, Pagejo 


stars for 

By Michael Coleman 

Two Olympic champions, 
Daniele Masala, of Italy, and 
Anatoliy Siarostia, of the Soviet 
Union, are in the 1 1 -nation line- 
up for the contest at Bir- 
mingham from June 11 to 15. 

Masala won his title at Los 
Angeles in 1984 and Starostin 
his in Moscow in I9S0. Because 
of boycotts neither has com- 
peted against the other at the 

The inclusion of these two 
giants, who have straddled the 
sport for the lost six years, is a 
surprise and a fillip to the 
sponsors, the City of Bir- 
mingham and the Birmingham 
Olympics 1992 Committee. U 
adds further weight to 
Birmingham's projection as a 
.sports-centred city worthy of 
[ staging the Games. 

France, Hungary. Poland and 
US are also taking part. 


Athens claiming 
their birthright 

From Mario Modtano, Athens 

Greece yesterday launched 
a determined effort to have 
the i 996 Olympics awarded to 
Athens to coincide with the 
100th anniversary of the mod- 
ern revival of the Gaines in 
tin's city. 

Mr Andreas Papandreoti, 
the Prime Minister, appealed 
to the International Olympic 
Committee and personally to 
Seftor Juan . Antonio 
Samaranch, its president, to 
support the Greek request He 
was speaking at an Athens 
ceremony marking the 90th 
anniversary of the modem 

Making Athens the venue 
would "provide an opportuni- 
ty to reinvest the Olympic 
spirit with its ancient origins 
and reconfirm its principles." 

On Monday night the Greek 
Parliament passed a resolu- 
tion with rare unanimity lend- 
ing their support to the Greek 
Olympic- Committee's 

'of New Zealand All 
Blades will have far wider, . 
harmful effects than mere 
international rugby rifts. The 
former Oxford University and 
Springbok captain. Tommy 
Bedford, fears it wtil antago- 
nize further those coloured 
rugby onions which an affili- 
ated to the anti-establishment 
South African Council on 


establishment — which in- 
cludes coloured and Wack 
iminnc — was having 
some success in wooing a 
number of SACOS affiliates 
into his camp, following belat- 
ed but encouraging efforts to 
end rugby segregation. Now 

the tow may be seen as a raise 


“We should stop the coer- 
chu and skulduggery that goes 
on to arrange these tours just 
for five’ weeks of fly-by-night 
pleasure," said Bedford, rice- 
captain of the last demons tra- 
tios-ptagned Springbok team 
to visit the British Isles 16 
years ago. “As a rugby man 
I'm looking forward to seeing 
the New Zealanders in action. 
But as a Sooth African I fear 
the tour may cause untold 
grief." t . . 

Bedford, now a pariah m the 
rugby fraternity for his outspo- 
ken advocacy of radical sport- 
ing change, worries that the 
“floating of world opinion" is 
(daring the interests of the 
predominantly white rugby- 

watching public ahead of the 
promotion of rugby as an 
integrated sport 

may be launched 

In 1976. Greece proposed 
that the Olympics be perma- 
nemlv located in Greece but 
the IOC have remained cool 
to the idea. 

“I believe tiiat Greece, 
birthplace of the ancient 
Olympic Games, is entitled to 
this* honour," he declared. 

The Greek Government 
now say they still support the 
repatriation proposal, but 
want to concentrate all their 
efforts on securing the 1996 
Games for Athens. . 


Japan’s Le Mans car 
to be made in Britain 

The Japanese motor indus- 
m will use a British car to 
challenge for this tear's Le 
Mans 24-hour classic. 

Nissan have commissioned 
March Engineering of Bicester 
to build a new sports racing 
car. capable of a speed of 
250 mph. for Le Mans. 

This collaboration coin- 
cides with the start of produc- 
tion ai the £50 million car 
factory at Washington. Coun- 
ts Durham, which will begin 
building the Nissan Bluebird 
in July. 

Britain's James Weaver, of 
Newbury, who finished sec- 
ond in last years race, will be 
one of the five drivers for the 
two-car Nissan team at Le 

March Engineering, who 
have won the prestigious Indi- 
anapolis 500 Tor the past three 
years, have designed and built 
the new chassis in 14 weeks. 

The car has computerized 
bodywork and will be powered 
by a Nissan three-litre V6 


Mentor is 
beaten by 

Multiple Sclerosis is merciless. 

It's a disease that can strike anybody, anytime. 

And there's no cure. 


Every penny you contribute to the Multiple 
Sclerosis Society brings the cure that much closer. 

It ills':* brings some comfort to the many 
thousands who suffer the misery of impaired speech, 
loss of evesyht. incontinence and paralysis. 

Tltc much publicised events of the past twelve 
months have demonstrated just how generous 
pci iplc can he when they believe in a cause. 

Our cause is very important 

Please give as much as you can. 

Because the sooner wc find the answer the 
sooner we can ensure that the lives of those nearest to 
you arc not tom apuri 

If charily begins at 
home, imagine yours being 
tom apart. 




We can find the cure only 
if we find die funds. 

■ Tn The Mulnrlt Sclw W.-W 1 -crp- rJ »* DV f'.ia-J I.ONIJOS Wh I ¥7 . 

I Teleph-jnclil “ Vitiip- r;.imtUnk'.,. 'I S | 

By Colin McQuillan 

One of the rising tide of 
young Pakistani squash play- 
ers yesterday engulfed his own 
mentor in the First round of 
the Hi-Tec British open cham- 
pionships. at Dunnings Mill. 
East Grinstead. Maqsood Ah- 
med. ranked II th in the world 
and seeded 10th for this blue 
ribbon tournament of the 
international circuit, lost 9-6, 
9-6, 4-9. 1-9. 3-9. to Zarak 
Jahan in 83 minutes. 

Zarak is the 1 9-year-old 
brother of Hiddy Jaban.of 
England. "I had never played 
Maqsood before and I was 
very nervous, but my brother 
talked quietly lo me between 
games." he said. “Gradually I 
became convinced I could 
take him if I could get to a fifth 

Zarak appeared from no- 
where this season to create an 
astounding final to the British 
Under-23 Open champion- 
ship with Rodney Manin.of 
Australia. But Maqsood’s is a 
scalp of far greater value to the 
Jahan family. 

For Hiddy there was per- 
haps a particular pleasure in 
watching his younger brother 
beat one of the Pakistan old 
guard, who were never his 
favourite people even before 
he chose British nationality. 

Just as he was never selected 
for Pakistan, so Zarak was 
ignored when a new young 
Pakistani squad was selected 
for the recent world champi- 
onships in Cairo under the 
leadership of Jahangir Khan. 

Umar Hay at Khan beat 
Adrian Davies, of Wales, on 
Monday.And Jan she r Khan, 
the brightest prospect of them 
all. on Saturday won the world 
junior championship in Perth. 

England's players were in 
typically tantalizing form yes- 
terday. Darren Mabbs. a 21- 
year-old Bristol surveyor, 
patiently worked his way io a 
live-game win over Moham- 
med Awad. a wily and experi- 
enced Egyptian, then had to 
ring his employers to request 
extra leave to play Peter Hill, 
of Singapore, today. Geofl 
Williams, a former national 
champion, returning from 
double knee surgery, needed 
five painstaking games tc 
overcome Mark Talbot the 
American hardball specialisL 
Gawain Briars beat Alan 
Thomson, of Scotland, in 
straight games. 

Results, Page 38 


Intriguing struggle in focus 

By Simon Joses 

The race for the League 
championship is naturally the 
focus of interest at this mo- 
ment of the season. But the 
promotion and relegation 
struggles are equally 

This evening, Liverpool will 
visit Luton Town, who recent- 
ly ended Everton's unbeaten 
run of 18 games, hoping that 
Rush passes a fitness test on a 
badle bruised instep. Hansen, 
however, has recovered from 
an ankle injury. 

Liverpool are in ominously 
impressive form, but Man- 
chester United, who started 
the season with 10 consecu- 
tive League wins, seem to be a 
spent force. The injury prob- 
lems that have dogged United 
all season continue. Their 

recent £570,000 signing, Dav- 
enport. misses the game at 
Newcastle and will be replaced 
by Terry Gibson if be is fit 
Whiteside, who has missed 
the last two games with a knee 
problem, is another player 
who is doubtful. In defence, 
Garton may be preferred to 

At tbe other end of the first 
division table, Aston Villa will 
probably be unchanged for 
their crucial home match 
against Ipswich Town since 
Gray has overcome a stomach 
strain. The Ipswich squad will 
include Atkins who has recov- 
ered from a foot injury. 

Villa's confidence must cer- 
tainly be higher than it has 
been for some time. By beat- 
ing Watford 4-1 on Saturday 

they eased themselves out of 
the bottom three and have 
now been beaten only once in 
their last eight games. Graham 
Taylor's most recent acquisi- 
tion. Steve Hunt, who was 

signed from West Bromwich 
Albion on the day of the 
transfer deadline, has been an 
important factor in the dub’s 
recent revival. 

Those most unlikely aspi- 
rants to first division status, 
Wimbledon, visit Bradford 
City with the encouragement 
that their recent £120,00 sign- 
ing, Fash arm, has recovered 
from an ankle injury. Further 
aggression will be provided by 
the return of Galiiers after a 
one-match suspension. 

Other football, page 38 


at Ibrox 

Graeme Souness, Rangers’ 
new player-manager, made 
sweeping backroom changes 
at Ibrox yesterday.His main 
move was to appoint Walter 
Smith, the Dundee United 
and Scotland assistant manag- 
er. as his assistant manager. 

Smith had been 20 years 
with United as player and 
official. “United have released 
me with immediate effect", he 
said. Rangers’ former 
backroom team of Alec 
Touen. John Hagan and Sian 
Anderson have been released 
and have left Ibrox. 

Souness said he was return- 
ing to Italy to continue his 
playing career with Sampdoria 
until the end of their season on 
April 27. Smith will be in 
control meantime ai Ibrox. He 
and Souness will confer about 
filling the backroom 


Souness; changes 

No Adams 

Dickie signs 

Robert Dickie, the 
British featherweight boxing 
champion, has signed a pro- 
motional contract with Frank 
Warren. The Welshman will 
perform exclusively for the 
London promoter unless a 
purse bidding fora title bout is 
won by someone else. 

Stoke appeal 

Stoke City are to appeal 
against a £5.000 Football 
League fine for calling off last 
month's home match with 
Portsmouth without permis- 
sion. They cancelled tile fix- 
ture the morning before the 
game on March 22 without 
consulting the League after 
Mick Mills, the manager, 
claimed that injuries and ill- 
ness had reduced bis squad to 
eight players. 

White wins 

Britain's judo team for the 
European championships in 
Belgrade from May 8 to 12 
contain few surprises, al- . 

though it is the first lime fora I W(S Tfll SS C11D 

Htv-nrir* Ihm Neil Arinmc will ’ r 

Sieve Butler and Dipak 
Tailor have withdrawn from 
the England badminton team 
for the Thomas Cup finals in 

Reg White-of Britain, the 
founding father of the Torna- 
do yachting class, won his first 
Tornado world championship 
race in two years at Murray's 
Anchorage in Hamilton. Ber- 
muda. yesterday. White, aged 
52. who designed the high- 
performance catamaran 20 
years ago. thrived on the 20- 
knot winds to beat Willie Van 
Bladel. the Dutch veteran, by 
34 seconds in the second race 
of the seven-race series. 

Van Biadci had taken ihe 
early lead after both men 
made good starts, but W’hite. 
who is chasing a record third 
world title, caught him on the 
second beat and kept the lead 
for the rest of the race. 

decade that Neil Adams will 
not be participating (Philip 
Nicksan writes). His place at 
light-middleweight will be tak- 
en by his close rival. Martin 
McSorley. of Scotland, who 
took him to a decision at the 
British open event last week. 

Neil Eckersley. the Olympic 
bantamweight bronze medal- 
list. is expected to have re- 
turned to fitness in time for 
the competition, after injuring 
his knee winning the West 
German open tournament last 

TEAM: Bantamw e i gh t (under 60*<g): 
N Eckersley (Manchester). Feather- 
weight (under 65kg): S Gawthorpe 
(Barnsley). Lightweight (under 
71kg): K Brown (Wotv&rt&mpton). 
Ltght-mtaJcBcwaight (under 78kg): 
M McSortey (Scotland). Middle- 
weight (under 86kg): D White 
(Wolverhampton). Ught-heavy- 
weigtrt (under 95kg): D Stewart 
(Wolverhampton). Heavyweight 
(over 95kg): E Gordon 

Jakarta from April 22 to May 
S. Butler has strained liga- 
ments in his right foot' and 
Tailor a hand injury. Mike 
Brown (Yorkshire) and Rich- 
ard Outierside (Essex) wilt 
replace them. 

Safer Porsche 

Porsche, the West German 
racing car makers, said yester- 
day that they were taking extra 
safety measures this season 
after the deaths last year of 
their drivers. Manfred 
Winkclhock and Stefan BelJof, 
They have launched a re 
search programme and have 
conducted crash tests in an 
effort io improve driver 


Bloor in 
form for 
first cap 

There is only one potential 
new cap m tbe squad of 29 
announced yesterday by Mau- 
rice Bam ford, the Great Brit- 
ain coach, to train for matches 
against the visiting Austra- 
lians this winter. He is Darren 
Bloor. the Salford scrum half, 
who has been one of the main 
reasons why Salford have 
retained their first division 
status this season. He had a 
brilliant game against St Hel- 
ens on Sunday. 

One or two former interna- 
tionals have fought their way 
back into recognition after 
sticky patches this season. 
They include Andy Gregory, 
the Warrington scrum half 
recently dropped by his dub 
in favour of Paul Bishop, and 
Brian Noble, the Bradford 
Northern hooker, who cap- 
tained Great Britain in Aus- 
tralia but was then left oul of 
the squad and seemingly out 
of BamfortTs plans. 

“The £27 minion spent on 
bonding massive new rugby 
stadiums should have gone to 
the grass roots.” he said. “In 
the extremely volatile situa- 
tion in Sooth Africa, demon- 
strations may now be launched 
by Mack organizations. And 
for what cause?" 

Bedford advocates that the 
Sooth Africans should an- 
nounce an end to farther tours 
and concentrate on a massive 
Infusion 8f effort and cash to 
bnakl up rugby at schools and 
dab level. 

To tbe chagrin of tbe rest of 
the world the Sooth Africans 
and New- Zealanders insist 
that series between the two of 
them are the Herculean test of 
global rugby supremacy. As a 
New Zealand player said yes- 
terday in Cardiff: ''Playing 
there is the ultimate for ns AH 

The Sooth Africans relish 
the prospect of filling the vast 
money-losing stations at Ellis 
Park. Loftns Versveld and 
King's Park, to their rafters. A 
.work! XV rugby tour would 
hardly have the same galva- 
nizing effect as a call to arms 
than will the black jerseys of 
the New Zealanders. 

But economics is hardly the 
only concern. The tour will be 
seen as a political and sporting 
coop, indicating that the rugby 
world cannot shove Sooth 
Africa aside with impunity. To 
the extent that the New Zea- 
land authorities were unable 
or unwilling to prevent it. some 
commentators feel it shows 
that the rugby world is soft 

Rescued from 

SQUAD: Backs** Buries (Wanes). 

ms (NuH 

Q Fairbairn (Hull KR). D Laws I 
KR), D Drummond (Leigh), J Lytien 
(Wigan). C GB»on (Leeds). R Duane 
E Hanley fatal nL A 

(Hud). A Myter (Widnes). M Sn 
(Hud KR). O Bloor (SaJfcxtf), 
Gregory (Warrington), D I 

(Feather stone). Forwards: J 
Grayshon (Leeds). D Ward 



L Crooks (Hull). T 
K Beanfmore 
Noble (Bradford 
.. Watfdnson (Bufl KR). J 
Ftek&wuse (Widnes). N James 
lifax), C Burton (Hufl KR), I Potter 
Kevin Reyns (Leeds). H 

n). Kevin Reyns 
r (St Helens). D Heron (Leeds). 


Third casualty 
for world 

The former Springbok for- 
ward, Rob Loin* , captain of 
the World XV in their match 
against Wales in Cardiff two 
seasons ago, and now a Wigan 
Rugby League player believes 
his defection to the pi fession- 
ai ranks, along w *h the 
Springbok winger. Ray Mordt 
has served to “rescue" South 
African ragby from impending 
total isolation. Fie argues that 
the game fears above all else 
the dangers of professionalism 
and wants to make sure the 
South Africans are not forced 
down that road. 

Younger players are becom- 
ing disillusioned with the way 
the*- game is ran in South 
Africa. There are already, 
according to Louw aad Mdrdt 

championships SX2KSS 

- - 1 far the elite.**Now those few 

players approached by Rugby 
Leagie dobs wDI bang on. in 
South Africa, hoping after this 
tour there 'll be more to come." 

By Jenny MacArthur 

Andrew Griffiths and Hul- 
labaloo will not be competing 
in the world three-day event 
championships in Australia 
next month. On Monday the 
horse knocked a tendon on the 
off-fore during a workout at 
Wylye in Wiltshire 
. This is the third stroke of 
bad luck for Britain. Lucinda 
Green dropped out when Re- 
gal Realm strained a tendon 
and then Mark Phillips' horse 
Distinctive developed a skin 

This leaves only six Britons 
in the championships: Virgin- 
ia Leng (nee Holgate) (Price- 
less). Loma Clarke (Myross). 
Ian Stark (Oxford Blue). 
Clarissa Sirachan (Delphy 
Dazzle). Mandy Orchard 
(Venture Busby) and Aun& 
Marie Taylor (Justin Thyme 

said tire great Springbok cen- 
tre, Danie Gerber, in Cardiff. 

Though be himself has re- 
jected British Rugby League, 
contracts, he believes others 
will be increasingly tempted. 

Against these supposed ad- 
vantages must be weighed the 
deep misgivings in South 
Africa's rugby ruling circles 
about whether an "unofficial** 
tour was good politics interna- 
tionally. Dr Craven, a staunch 
amateur, has previously ex- 
pressed his fears that many of 
his colleagues might opt for an 
open break- with the Interna- 
tional Rugby Board if isolation 
were inevitable anyway. Tbe 
New Zealand torn, apparently 
indicates that harditners are 
gaining in strength. 

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