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9 


iHQ 


Public Kidnap family together a gain 

against 


m 




gunfire 


Reagan 


• T 6 ®* was near-panic in Tripoli after 
SSJP™ °» l5ide President 


Gadaffi’s military headquarters 

• President Reagan told the nati 


m rre sMent Keagan told the nation that 
Britam had earned the lasting respect 
and friendship of the American people 


Machine-gun fire outside 
Colonel Gadaffi’s personal 
military headquarters in Trip- 
oli yesterday and the contin- 
ued absence from public view 
of the Libyan leader produced 
near panic ai>d rumours of an 
attempted coup d'etat in the 
capital. 

Adding to the confusion 
were fierce barrages of anti- 
aircraft fite above Tripoli and 
claims by the Government to 
have shot down * another 
American aircraft 

For the second consecutive 
day since the American air 
raids, Colonel Gadaffi made 
no public appearance and 
shooting outside his bead- 
quarters in the early afternoon 
— firing which the Libyans 
later insisted was directed at a 
US reconnaissance aircraft 
over the city — immediately 
gave rise to reports of an 


npob after • Mori fonnd that seven in ten Britons 
President thi n k Mrs Thatcher was wrong to allow 
ers _ British-based aircraft to go on the raid 

nation that • The Prime Minister won the backing 
ng respect of the Conservative Party with a robust 
an people defence in a special Commons debate 
From Robert Fisk, Tripoli 


away, with police cars racing 
through the Tripoli streets 
around us, their horns blaring, . 
more heavy fighting could be 
heard from the suburbs. 

Ai the same time, a large 
Libyan gunboat left its moor- 
ings in the naval port and 
manoeuvred to within 50 
yards of the main seafront 
highway in front of Tripoli's 
largest hotel, the Kbir, its 
decks crowded with seamen, 
its deck guns pointed into the 
city. The vessel - CD144 
dearly painted on its side — 
had started moving into posi- 


Bombing aftermath 7 

Reagan’s strategist 10 

line of shame 12 

leading article, letters 13 


attempted coup. 

Nor was this surprising. 
Western correspondents, my- 
self among them, were being 
driven in a bus towards the 
colonel's headquarters when 
heavy firing broke out in from 
of the defensive positions 
beside the back entrance ofthe 
building. 

Bullets snapped from single 
storey houses around the high- 
walled barracks in what ap- 
peared to be a detenniend 
assault against the headquar- 
ters. A number of heavy 
explosions could also be heard 
as the driver of our bus fought 
with the wheel to turn the. 
vehicle across the mam road 
to safety. Buteyesi Mfa mite 


Tomorrow] President 
f . - - i thanks 


Victorian 

values 


British 

people 


From Christopher Thomas 
Washington 




How Norman St 
John-Stevas finds 
himself cast as this 
centur/s answer to 
journalist and 
constitutionalist 
Walter. Bagehot 




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President Reagan efiusrvdy 
thanked Britain yesterday for 
helping in the raid on Libya. 

*X)ur allies who have co- 
operated in this action, espe- 
cially those who share our 
common law heritage, can be 
prepared that they stood for 
freedom and right, that as free 
people they have not let 
themselves be cowed by 
threats of violence." he said. 

He told the American Bar 
Association that the US had 
tried to stop terrorist attacks 
through quiet diplomacy, pub- 
lic condemnation, economic 
sanctions and a show of 
military might But Colonel 
Gadaffi had intensified his 
terrorist war by sending his 
agents around the world to 
murder and maim innocent 
people. He hoped Colonel 
Gadaffi would not mistake 
American resolve again. 

Although the raids marked 
a much-threatened turning 
point in America's response to 
international terrorism, senior 
officials yesterday insisted 


they did not presage a policy 
of automatic lit-for-tat for 
every atrocity against Ameri- 
can targets. It was made dear 
that Mr Reagan would re- 
spond on a case-by-case basts 
and would strike only if there 
was irrefutable evidence 
against those responsible. 

Yesterday, for the first time. 
Mr George Shultz, the Secre- 
tary of State, gave precise 
details of the evidence Mr 
Reagan had frequently cited of 
Libyan complicity in the at- 
tack on US servicemen at a 
West Berlin discotheque last 
week. 

Without producing the doc- 
uments, he said the evidence 
was in the form of messages 
between Libya and its 
“People's Bureau" in East 
Germany. From Libya, the 
bureau was told to plan the 
attack. Later, it replied they 
had been able to put bombs in 
place. Then, a bureau 'message 
said they had “successfully 
seen this carried out and that 
they had done rt in a way that 
did not leave any of their own 
fingerprints on it'*. Then came 
*‘a message of 
congratulations" back from 
Libya to the “People’s 
Bureau". 

“So that senes of messages 
was quite conclusive," be told 
European journalists. 

Mr Shultz acknowledged 
that being too explicit with the 
proof would' tend to dry up 
Intelligence. 


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tion only a few minutes before 
the shooting broke out at the 
colonel's headquarters. 

Ironically, the Libyan Gov- 
ernment had just invited for- 
eign correspondents to travel 
to Colonel Gadaffi's palace — 
which stands within the 
Azariya Barrack walls — for a 
press conference with the Lib- 
yan leader who had not been 
seen in public since Tuesday 
morning's air raid. 

Aboard the vehicle was the 
colonel's personal press advis- 
er, Mr Ibrahim Sagher. But we 
never got the chance to see 
Colonel Gadaffi. Correspon- 
dents aboard the bus threw 
themselves off their seats and 
on to the floor as the firing 
darted across the approach 
road to; tfie colonel’s head- 


quarters. which is itself sur- 
rounded by modem Soviet- 
made T72 tanks. 

From the windows of the 
vehicle, I could see one of 
Colonel Gadaffi's guards, run- 
ning backwards in alarm, 
pointing his AK47 rifle to- 
wards the house outside the 
barracks amid a bail of gun- 
fire. Another guard grabbed 
his rifle from behind the 
concrete tank trap. Other 
troops came running from the 
back entrance of the barracks. 

The city itself was in panic. 
At one point. I could hear the 
sound of anti-aircraft guns — 
an hour earlier a Libyan 
official reported that two high 
flying reconnaissance aircraft, 
perhaps American, had ap- 
proached the coast. 

By late afternoon, Libyan 
officials were claiming that the 
shooting had merely been 
directed at an American air- 
craft — they described tt as “an 
FSR71 plane, code named 
“Blackbird" — and that there 
had been no fighting in the 
streets. They invited journal- 
ists bade to the barracks half- 
an-hour later, saying that they 
could see the damage caused 
to the headquarters by the 
American air raid but that 
there would be no press 
conference with the Libyan 
leader — indeed, that there 
never had been a press confer- 
ence planned in the first place. 

Taken back to the barracks 
— where there was now no' 
shooting — correspondents 
were shown eight large craters 
in. the compound. 


By David Walker 

A dear majority of the 
British people — 66 percent — 

disapprove of President 
Reagan's decision u> bomb 
Libya. Nearly two thirds have 
little or ao confidence"' in 
American handling of events. , 

A MORI poQ carried out for 
The Times hte on Tuesday and 
early yesterday showed that 
both Mr Reagan and Mrs i 
Thatcher have the support 1 
only of minorities. i 

In one of the first rigorous ! 
tests of public opinion since j 
the American action, 71 per 
cent judged Mrs Thatcher's 
decision to allow the use of 
British bases by the Ameri- 
cans to be wrong. Only 29 per 
cent thought the Americans 
right to onfer strikes against 
Libya and only 25 per emit 
approved of Mrs Thatcher's 
backing. 

Confidence in American 
handling of likely falloot from 
the action is low. The practical 
results of the attack are in 
doubt, too. 

More dun eight out of 10 
people befieve that the likeli- 
hood of Libyan-backed terror- 
ist attacks m Britain has 
increased. Only n tiny hand- 
ful — 4 per cent — think ter- 
rorist outrages are now less 
likely. 

The entire basis of the 
American action appears to be 
rejected by the majority. 

MORTs figures seem to 
show widespread support in- 
stead for what had emerged by 
last weekend as the European 
options for dealing with Libya, 
a concerted package of eco- 
nomic sanctions. 

Well over half of the sam- 
ple-57 per cent - thought 
Britain should take economic 
sanctions against Libya and 
exactly the same proportion 
favoured a British effort to 
encourage other European 
countries to withdraw diplo- 
matic recognition. 

Only 13 per cent wanted any 
father use of British bases by 

' : Continued* on page 2, col 7 


Thatcher defence 
on Libya cheered 


By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

The Prime Minister last instincts of outrage, revenge 
night won the overwhelming and reprisal and the way 


support of her party with a 
robust defence of the govern- 


Gadaffi by means of isol 


ment decision to allow Brit- “until such time that pressure 
ish-based F ills to lake part of commercial, economic, fi- 


in Monday night's air strikes 
against Libya. 

Mrs Thatcher said at the 
start 4>f a special debate that 
peaceful means had been tried 
and bad foiled. “Terrorism 
has to be defeated: it cannot be 
tolerated or side-stepped,”she 
added- But two former prime 
ministers. Mr Edward Heath 
and Mr James Callaghan, told 
the House that they would 
have rejected a similar request 
from (he United States, and 
they made a united appeal for 
action to deal with the root 
cause of Libyan terrorism — 
the Palestinian problem. 

Mr Neil Kinnock said that 
without doubt Colonel 
Gadaffi was a malignancy, but 
that the Prime Minister had 
been supine, compliant and 
subservient in her response to 
President Reagan. 

He said that international 
strategy could not be built on 


nancial, diplomatic and politi- 
cal sanctions squeezed the 
very life out of the Gaddafi 
regime." 

Mrs Thatcher said that the 
Government was satisfied 
from the evidence that Libya 
bore a wide and heavy respon- 
sibility for acts of terrorism. 
She was careful to protect the 
integrity of secret intelligence, 
as she went on to outline , 
Libyan involvement in the 
Berlin bombing of April 5 and | 
reminded the House of the 
murder of WPC Fletcher, two 
years ago today. She also 
spoke of the discovery of 
Libyan arras as part of an IRA 
cache in the Republic of 
Ireland last January. 

The Prime Minister added 
that the Americans had evi- 
dence that their citizens and 
embassies were being watched 
by Libyan spies in a number of 

Continued on page 20, col 6 


Reprisals against staff 
feared by UK firms 

By Onr City Staff 


British companies operating 
in Libya were keeping a low 
profile yesterday in fear of 
possible reprisals against staff. 

About 83 British companies 
were operating in Libya before 
diplomatic relations were bro- 
ken off two years ago — the last- 
detailed figures available - 
but many of these have since 
dosed their Tripoli offices. 
Most of those that have 
remained service tire oil and 
civil engineering industries. 

Massey Ferguson, Britain’s 
largest exporter to Libya, said 
it had instructed its British 
staff in Libya to work normal- 


ly after consultations with the 
Foreign Office. 

Tripoli airport has been 
closed to commercial traffic 
and companies do not have 
the option of repatriating staff 
A spokesman for British Cale- 
donian. which flies three tunes 
a week between Gatwick and 
Tripoli, said: “The whole 
country is obviously in a siege 

Many of the companies 
have operated in Libya for up 
to 20 years and emphasize that 
they have built up a strong 
relationship with the country; 
but they say the the situation 
is difficult. 



Mr and Mrs Guinness yesterday with their daughters Gillian (left) and Tania (Photograph: Harry Kerr). 


Steepest 
jobless 
rise in 
4 Vi years 


Mrs Guinness 
tells of ordeal 


Minister 


From Richard Ford, Dublin 


Mrs Jennifer Guinness was 
freed from her kidnap ordeal 


and an Ir£2 million ransom 
was demanded. Mr Guinness 


By David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

The level of unemployment 
rose strongly Iasi month, adult 
unemployment recording its 
biggest monthly rise since 
September 1981. Government 
officials believe that the job- 
less trend is up again. 

The adult total for unem- 
ployment rose by 36,800 to 
3.198 million — 13.2 per cent 
of the workforce — last month. 
Part of the increase was due to 
the very cold February weath- 
er, but the trend of unemploy- 
ment is officially estimated to 
be rising by 10,000 to (5,000 a 
month. 

Lord Young of Graffbam, 
the Secretary of State for 
Employment, said that unem- 
ployment showed an “eirati- | 
cally high increase" last 1 
month, and - that employment j 
was rising strongly. 

Last year the employed 


early yesterday morning after said yesterday be bad had no 
armed police surrounded a fiat contact with the gang and had 


reviews 

ransom 

insurance 


in the centre of Dublin and never been tempted to pay Che 


captured three armed men. No ransom, to which his wife 
money had been paid to the replied to much laughter: “I 


kidnappers. 

Mrs Guinness, aged 48, wife 
of Mr John Gttinness, a 
merchant banker, had been 
forced by her armed and 
masked captors to spend al- 


most all her seven-day ordeal outset that she would build a 


lying in bed. 

As they moved from five 


relationship with the gang so 
that they would be less likely 


different hiding places her to kill her. She also bargained 

kidnappers taped her eyes and to get privileges. 

bundled her into the boot of a “It made me feel better but if 


bundled her into the boot of a 
series of vehicles. 

But the courage, determina- 
tion and daring of Mrs 


yoH became too mud of a 
nuisance yon lost your privi- 
leges. It was like a jail. 1 lost 


Guinness, aged 48, a mother of my radio. Losing it was the 
three, allowed her to bargain test thing I wanted." Despite 


with her captors, for privileges being closely watched by the 


as well as to mdke a nuisance 
of herself. 


Mrs Guinness called three and on one occasion smuggled 
of the men who had snatched the lever from a tire jack under 


labour force rose by 276,000 to 
just over 24 million. Since 
March 1983, according to the 
figures, nearly one million 
jobs have been created. 

The unadjusted unemploy- 
ment total, including school- 
leavers fell by 12,924 to 
3,323,776. A fell in March is 
normal. 

There was better news for 
the Government in the public 
sector borrowing figures for 
March. The PSBR was £3 
billion last month, bringing 
the total for the 1985-86 
financial year to £5.9 billion, 
£900 million lower than fore- 
cast in the Budget and the 
lowest total since 1977-78. 

Details, page 21 


her “my protectors” and said 
she felt no hatred for them. “I 
feel so sorry for my family and 
quite sorry for myself. I think I 


feel pity and compassion for pers that they had gone for the 


them.” 

Looking relaxed and fresh 


she happily hugged her bus- But each time they saw on 
band at a press conference at a television how the family lived. 


hotel near their home, only ten ooe of the group woald come in 


hours after being rescued. and say: “Jesus, Mrs, you are 


Mrs Guinness said that she worth millions.” 


refused to allow herself to lose Mrs Guinness said to laogt 


hope. “I was determined about ter from her family that she 
this. I was going to come out coaid be “persuasive” and that 


physically and mentally intact, she had pleaded with her 
She added that “a lot of abductors to take her rather 


anger, and a lot of than her daughter Gillian. She 
determination” had helped her joked: “I pleaded with them 


through the ordeal. 


lowest total since 1977-78. ( began when she was abducted and John would pay more for 

Details, page 21 j her from ha 1 borne in Hawtb me.” Police raid, page 2 

BBC wants tighter r UKORC 
tobacco controls Dni 


with the gang and had By Richard Evans 
t been tempted to pay the Lobby Reporter 

iom, to which his wife M r Douglas Hurd, the 
fed to much laughter: “I Home Secretary, is reviewing 
hoped you were”. the comroversy involving kid- 

Mrs Guinness .said the real nap ransom insurance, it was 
danger occurred when they revealed last mghL 
moved to different toattions as The disclosure, in a Com- 
the gang became panicky. mens written answer, follows 
But she determined from the demands from Mr Dale 
et that she would build a Cambell-Savours. Labour MP 
donship with the gang so for Workington, for the prose- 
they would be less likely muon of Control Risks Limit- 
ill her. She also bargained cd, a London-based firm of 
it privileges. kidnap consultants, and 

t made me feel better bntn Cassidy Davies, a firm speciai- 
became too much of a izing in kidnap insurance, for 
ance yon lost yw prin- allegedly breaching pi-even- 
s' It was like a jail. 1 lost ij on 0 f terrorism laws, 
radio. Losing it was the sir Michael Havers, Anor- 
thing I wanted.” Despite ney General, said last night 
g closely watched by die -The Government is aware of 
{. Mrs Guinness took rte- ^ concern about kidnap 
t in almost goading them ra nsom insurance, and the 
on one occasion smuggled Home Secretary has the posi- 
ever from a tire jack under lion um ter consideration." 
nut and then hid it under He said he was satisfied that 
pillow for two days. kidnap ransom insurance 
the early days she had could be lawfulv effected un- 
! to explain to her kidnap- der British law. 
that they had gone for the Sir Michael addedrNo evi- 
ig family as their branch dence has ever been placed 
not port of “Gumnasty . before me of the commission 
each time they saw on by Control Risks Ltd, or 
isiOH how the family lived. Cassidy Davies Ltd, of either 
tf the group wonid come in substantive offences under 
say: “Jesns, Mrs, yon are Sections 10 or 1 1 of the 1 984 
h millions.” Act or conspiracy to contra- 

xs Guinness said to laugh- vene those provisions.” 
rom her family that she Those two sections concern 
i be “persuasive” «ad that contributions towards acts of 
had pleaded with her terrorism, and information 
ictors to take her rather about acts of terrorism, 
her daughter Gillian. She Control Risks sent a repre- 
h “I pleaded with them sentalive to Dublin last week- 
I would be much better end following the kidnap of 
John would pay more for Mre Jennifer Guinness. 

Police raid, page 2 Leading article, page 13 


mg, Mrs Guinness took de~ 
;ht in almost goading them 


her coat and then hid it trader 
her pillow for two days. 

in the early days she had 
tried to explain to her ludnap- 


wrong family as their branch 
was not part of “Gumnasty”. 


that I would be much better 


UK OR OVERSEAS? 


By Nicholas TinuniasjSocia] Services Correspondent 

The BBC has approached was now seeking a phased end 
the Government, the Indepen- to tobacco sponsorship of 
dent Broadcasting Authority, sport. “The general atmo- 
ihe Sprats Council and other sphere about tobacco sponsor- 


sporting bodies seeking tighter ship is beginning to harden up. 
restrictions overand possibly a with the feeling that it is 


Better 

investor 


reduction in tobacco sponsor- 
ship of televised spoil. 


unacceptable and that the way | 
it is being conducted amounts 1 


The corporation, which tele- to selling cigarettes. The proof 
vises most tobacco-sponsored seems to be moving towards 


televised sport acknowledges that and if that is what is 
that the scale, and nature of happening we should not be 


services 


tobacco sponsorship of sport is doing it.” he said. 

{flaring the corporation in an 
invidious position. Precisely what the BBC is 


FROM SCHRODERS 


Critics accuse the BBC of seeking in its contacts with 
allowing itself to be used to sporting bodies, the I BA and 


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BBC points out that it is not a 
party' to the agreement be- 


with Mr Dick Tracey, the 
Minister for Sport, is not clear. 
Possibilities would seem to in- 


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Education 


All polytechnic students will 


Office, was spat on recently 
when be tried to address a 
meeting at Manchester Uni- 
rensity; Mr Michael Fa firm. 


Conservative MP for Dartutg- 
,© disrupt meetfogs at their ^ ^ up ^ Sander- 


to disrupt meetings at their 
colleges under a code of prac- 
tice hems drawn up by poly- 
technic directors. 

The code, which b now in its 
final draft, shows the 
directors’ concern with the 
antics of tomato-throwing stu- 
dents who prevent outside 


laud Polytechnic; and 
Professor John Vincent, histo- 
rian and columnist for The 
Smu had to abandon a lecture 
and flee at Bristol University. 

The proposal from the Com- 
mittee. of Directors of Ptfly- 


speakers, particularly those of technics is that any scudent 
a ri g h t-w ing persuasion, from ^andting rill be reqmrsi to 


Mr David Waddi 
Minister of State at the-! 


sign an undertaking that he or 
she will not willfully engage in 
conduct which prevents, dis- 


rupts or obstructs the holding 
of a meeting. 

Some polytechnics, notably 
the North East London Poly- 
technic, already require such 
an oath, ft is probably not 
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yet to be tested in a court of 
law) and is more of a moral 
commitment than a legal one. 

If implemented, it will be 
welcomed by Conservative 
MPs who like to address stu- 
dents. The National Union of 
Students is, however, opposed. 
Speaking on the BBC radio 
World at One programme 
yesterday, Mr PM Woolas, 


the NUS president, said: ”1 
think it is potty. 

“We insist on our right not 
10 invite controversial speak- 
ers if we believe other views, 
particularly of ethnic minor- 
ities, are being suppressed, or 
that the good order of a 
meeting might not be forth- 
coming.” 

University vice-chancellors 
have already addressed this 
issue, which has not met with 
the approval of many Conser- 
vative MPs. They say & 
certain circumstances vice- 
chancellors may have to Iran 
meetings. 


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HOME NEWS 


THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 17 1986 


It it It it it it SL 




Thatcher shows strong 
management support 
in prisons dispute 

By Peter Evans, Home Affaire Correspondent 


The central issue in the 
prisons dispute was 
management's right to man- 
age. Mrs Thatcher said yester- 
day in a letter to prison 
■governors. 

> "That right is absolutely 
: vital to your members and l 
am sure that they will wish to 

■ see it protected." she told 
(.leaders of the governors' 
l branch of the Society of Civil 

• and Public Servants. 

• As prison officers leaders 
(Considered taking industrial 
(■action. Mrs Thatcher said she 

had been assured by Mr Hurd. 
'■Home Secretary, that senior 
-prison department manage- 
ment was not seeking confron- 
r tation. But it would not shirk 
■its responsibilities. 

Although Mrs Thatcher 
added that management was 
working for further discus- 
sions with the Prison Officers' 
Association, the prison staff 
are unlikely to find much fresh 
in her letter, except the 

■ strength of her support for the 
prison department's stance. 

There was strong evidence 
; that inflexible working prac- 
tices and out-moded systems 
'were leading to waste, she 
said. 

■ Mrs Thatcher said she un- 


derstood the pressures on 
staff. But "I am also aware 
that staff have, in many cases, 
become used to high earnings 
through excessive overtime 
working." 

The prison service manage- 
ment had been authorized to 
work up proposals for new pay 
arrangements which the Gov- 
ernment hoped the associa- 
tion would be prepared to 
discuss. 

The number of prison offi- 
cers had risen by IS per cent 
since 1979 and now stood at 
its highest level of just under 
19,000. During the same peri- 
od, the average number of 
prisoners had increased by 
about 1 2 per cent. The ratio of 
staff to prisoners had in- 
creased accordingly. 

Mrs Thatcher was replying 
to a letter from the governors' 
branch which said there was a 
need to consider allowing the 
Home Secretary more finan- 
cial scope. Governors felt it 
wrong that the service, which 
was demand led. should be so 
stringently financed that it 
was necessary, constantly, to 
tread the tightrope between 
simply coping and utter disas- 
ter. 

Mr Sidney Powell, secretary 


of the governors’ branch, said 
yesterday that Mrs Thatcher's 
letter would have to be care- 
fully considered by the nation- 
al executive, but his personal 
reaction was that there was an 
imbalance between expendi- 
ture devoted to the building 
programme and that neces- 
sary for the ongoing running 
of the prison service. Whereas 
the 12 per cent population in- 
crease mentioned by Mrs 
Thatcher meant an additional 
5,000 prisoners, the 18 per- 
cent increase in staff was 
about 2,500 officers. 

Mr Chris Train, director 
general of the prison service, 
appealed to governors and 
staff of all establishments in 
England and Wales yesterday 
with a hope and a warning. He 
wants management's strategy 
for the service to be discussed 
with the POA and other trade 
unions, avoiding damaging 
industrial action. 

The letter encloses a state- 
ment by Mr Gordon Lakes, 
the deputy director general, 
giving reassurance that there 
should be full consultation on 
staff safety and views of staff 
taken into account in manage- 
ment decisions. 


-r A man aged 72 was critically 
Tvjll in a Birmingham hospital 
I? yesterday after his wife and 
VTwo sons were found shot dead 
-Vat their borne. 

£ Mrs T -ilian Hadley, who was 
"in her sixties, and her sods, 
'* Ronald, a disabled polio vic- 
tim, aged about 40, and Keith, 
-aged 22, were found dead at 
their house in Delrene Road, 
Shirley, near SolihuU, West 
Midlands, early yesterday. 

Her husband, Mr Ronald 
Hadley, was found lying on the 
floor by the police who broke 
into the house after neigh- 
bours heard shots. He had a 
severe gunshot wound to the 
head. 

The police said that a 
shotgun was found in the 
'house. They were not looking 
for anybody else in connection 
»itb the shooting. It was 

/dearly a domestic incident. 

* - — 


Jail solicitor over 
threats, QC says 


Sir Michael Havers. QC. the 
Attorney General, asked the 
High Court to jail Mr Peter 
Martin, a senior London solic- 
itor. for making improper 
threats, in an attempt to stop a 
private prosecution brought 
by a barrister. 

The threats, contained in 
correspondence, were “calcu- 
lated to interfere with the 
administration of justice." 
and amounted to contempt of 
court. Mr David Eady. QC, for 
the Attorney General, said 
yesterday. 

Mr Martin, a specialist in 
aviation law. made the threats 
to Mr David Ashton, a barris- 
ter with chambers in King's 
Bench Walk. Inner Temple. 
London. 

Mr Ashton bad started a 
private prosecution against 
clients of Mr Martin's firm, 
Frere Cholmeley. in connec- 
tion with the alleged unlawful 


low flying of a helicopter near 
his chambers in March 1984. 

Mr Eady said the prosecu- 
tion was, in feet, not proceed- 
ed with, because an agreement 
was reached between the two 
sides in February 1985. 

The first threat, which was 
soon withdrawn, was that the 
whole matter would be drawn 
to the attention of the Inner 
Temple authorities if Mr 
Ashton's prosecution failed. 

The second was that pro- 
ceedings would be brought 
against Mr Ashton himself Tor 
starting a “malicious 
prosecution". 

Mr Marie Liftman, QC. for 
Mr Martin, dented there had 
been a contempt of court. 

Mr Unman said Mr Martin 
did not go beyond his duty to 
represent his clients 
“fearlessly".- 

judgement was reserved. 



An Irish policeman stands guard outside the Dahlia terrace house 
(far right) in Waterloo Road from which Mrs Jennifer Guinness was 
released by her kidnappers at dawn yesterday after an all-night 
siege. Although shots were fired no one was hurt and police praised 
Mrs Guinness for her coolness throughout die ordeaL For most of 
her eight-day abduction, Mrs.Gamness was held in the detached 
bouse (right) in the smart RathCamham suburb of Dublin 


Shots fired as Guinness siege ends 


From Richard Ford, Dublin 


The neighbours thought it 
was a noisy party but the 
shouting and running outside 
a city centre flat early yester- 
day signalled to the kidnap- 
pers ofMrs Jennifer Guinness 
that they were trapped. 

Armed police surrounded 
the building and as the gang of 
three realized they were cor- 
nered. one tried to flee 
through the overgrown back 
garden. He fired two shots and 
the police fired back, but then 
gave up without a struggle. 

In the shooting an upstairs 
window was smashed at 61 
Waterloo Road, on the edge of 
the smart Ballsbridge suburb 
of Dublin. The police called 
out “Is she Ok? There is 
nothing you can do now. You 
had better let her go.” 

The two armed men re- 
maining in the flat produced 
Mrs Guinness at the window 
with a pistol held to her head. 
They yelled: “We've got her. 
You had better back on or we 
wilt blow her head off” 

Then Mrs Guinness, at the 
start of the eighth day of her 
ordeal, uttered the words her 
family and the rest of Ireland 
had been waiting to hear. “I’m 
ail right. I’m all right.” 

She disappeared from view 
to emerge as dawn broke, to be 
embraced by her husband, Mr 
John Guinness, chairman of 
the Guinness and Mahon 
merchant bank, who wit- 
nessed the five-and-a-half 
hour siege. 

As she was reunited with 
her family yesterday, Sup! 
Frank Hanlon said: “Mrs 



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We try harder. 


Guinness was of considerable 
assistance towards the ending 
of the incident by her calm 
demeanour, and the advice 
she gave to all the parties in 
the bouse.” 

The Irish police and govern- 
ment were delighted that the 
latest kidnapping had ended 
without loss of life or payment 
of the lr£2 million ransom. 

The delicate negotiations to 
secure the surrender of her 
kidnappers began almost im- 


mediately after police sur- 
rounded the flat at 12.45am. 

Police at first played a low 
key, tactically withdrawing 
some men when it became 
clear the kidnappers were 
nervous and panicking at the 
least movement in the desert- 
ed street Neighbours were 
told what was happening and 
were asked not to switch on 
tights or lean out of windows. 

The road was sealed off 
while heavily armed members 


Police seeking murder 
clue in kidnap case 


E 


The arrest of three men in 
the Irish Republic after the 
siege that ended the Guinness 
kidnap may have provided a 
breakthrough for police inves- 
tigating the murder of a York- 
shire police sergeant two years 
ago. 

West Yorkshire detectives 
are expected to fly to Ireland 
today to interview two of the 
men, Mr Anthony Kelly, aged 
43, and Mr John Cunning- 
ham, both formerly of Leeds, 
about the shooting of Police 
Sergeant John Speed daring 
an attempted robbery of a 
Leeds sub-post office in 1984. 

The two men are among 
seven people in the Irish 
Republic being sought in con- 
nection with 18 armed robber- 
ies in Yorkshire over 10 years, 
involving a total of £1 million. 

It is mdentood that, al- 
though Mr Kelly and Mr 


D possibly face 

lengthy jail sentences in Dub- 
lin, a file from West Yorkshire 
police is being sent to the 
Director of Public Prosecu- 
tions with a view to applying 
for extradition warrants to 
bring to two to trial in Britain. 

An attempt to extradite Mr 
Kelly on a charge relating to a 
£216,000 raid in Bradford six 
years ago failed last November 
because of a lack of details on 
the warrant. 

Chief Snpt John Conboy, 
bead of West Yorkshire CTD, 
said yesterday: “So Ear as I am 
concerned, the three men be- 
ing held by the garda are three 
men we wish to interview in 
respect of armed robberies in 
this regioa, and two of them 
are men I wish to interview for 
elimination pmpeses from the 
Sgt Speed inquiry.** 


of the Special Task Force 
dressed in jeans and anoraks 
took cover behind parked cars 
and in the gardens of homes 
nearby. 

As negotiations earned on 
throughout the night, senior 
detectives became confident 
that the siege would not be a 
long drawn out affair. They 
agreed to a request from the 
kidnappers for a solicitor and 
doctor to be on band . 

The 200 police on duty were 
jtiem after the week-long 
junt which yielded few clues 
until the last 36 hours. 

From the first, the police 
believed the abduction was 
the work of criminals rather 
than terrorists. While watch- 
ing known gangsters, two men 
were seen driving a hired 
car.After a tip-off police raid- 
ed a house in the southern 
suburb of Raih&rnham at 
6pm on Tuesday. But the gang 
and Mrs Guinness, who had 
apparently been held captive 
in the bouse for at least five 
days, bad disappeared. 

Seven hours later after fur- 
ther surveillance, defectives 
swooped again and trapped 
the men in Waterloo Road. 

As Mis Guinness was driv- 
en away yesterday with her 
husband, she said: “1 am very 
happy to be going home. I am 
so happy. I was treated very 
well." 

Twenty minutes later they 
arrived at Censure House, in 
Howth, where her daughters. 
Gillian, aged 23, and Tania, 
aged 20, waited on the porch 
Ao embrace their mother. 


Computer 
secrets 
‘were left 
on display’ 

Secret codes capable of lead- 
ing io details about customers 
were left accidentally in Brit- 
ish Telecom’s Prestd informa- 
tions system, a court w-as told 

^^The^ebssified numbers and 
passwords belonged to two 
senior Prestel officials, and 
enabled users to gain access to 
computer files. Southwark 
Crown Court, south London, 
was told. .. . 

The codes were said to have 
been left displayed on the 
opening frame seen by callers 
to one of Prester? 
computers.Mr Michael 
Mitchinson. a Prestel security 
officer, told the court that the 
codes belonged to the systems 
editor and systems manager. 

It is alleged that Mr Robert 
Schifreen, aged 22, a computer 
journalist, of Edgwarbury 
Gardens, Edgware, north-west 
London, came across the 
blunder by chance and used 
subscribers' numbers and 
passwords to penetrate the 
Prestel system. . 

Mr Schifreen is said to have 
admitted that he used the 
codes. But he added that be 
bad not used information 
received for gain, merely to 
write an article. 

It is further alleged that he 
passed on the information to 
Stephen Gold, aged 30. of 
Watt Lane, Sheffield. South 
Yorkshire, who also obtained 
unauthorized access into 
Prestel computers . 

Mr Mitchinson said that 
he found several _ thousand 
restricted information frames 
on a data monitoring derice 
attached to Mr Schifreen's 
home telephone. Mr Schifreen 
denies five charges of forgery 
and Mr Gold four similar 
charges. 

The hearing continues 
today. 


Teacher died 
of overdose 

A teacher at a leading public 
school died from a drink and 
drugs overdose shortly after 
telling his wife be could not 
face going to school again, an 
inquest at' Oxford wa told 
yesterday. 

Mr Christopher James Dix- 
on, aged 48. head of English at 
Radley College, near Oxford, 
had a history of mental illness 
and had previously tried to 
take bis own life, the inquest 
was told. An open verdict was 
recorded. 



Avfs features 
\huxhall &Opd cars. 


Striking printers 
offered £ 15 m deal 


Striking print workers dis- 
missed by News International 
were offered a new compensa- 
tion package last night in an 
attempt to settle the 12-week 
dispute over the company's 
move to its new printing plant 
at Wapping, east London. 


By Michael Horsnell 

He said last night “Our 
staff went on strike but we are 
ready to offer this money as an 
ex gratia payment to cover 
hardship. This would amount 
to a maximum sum of £15 
million. 

“The unions will have 21 


The package, which is tied days from today to iadicate 
to News International’s origi- their acceptance of this new 
nal offer to the prim unions of offer.” 


a free hand at printing a new 
national newspaper at its pre- 
vious printing plant in Gray's 
Inn Road, would mean ex 
gratia payments up to £15 
million in total for those 
workers not employed by the 
proposed paper. 

The proposals were put to 
print union leaders at a secret 
meeting in London by Mr 
Bruce Matthews, managing 
director of News Inter- 
national. He gave the unions, 
which had called the meeting 
through the Trades Union 
Congress io put forward their 
own proposals, 21 days to 
accept 

The company is continuing 
to propose that the unions 
nominate a publisher willing 
to launch a new newspaper 
from the Gray's Inn Road 
presses, but ii-has dropped the 
suggestion that it should nec- 
essarily be a trade union 
oriented product. 

if it should be a non-Labour 
paper. News International 
would retain ownership of the 
building, from which The 
Times and The Sunday Times 
were formerly published, but 
would lease it at a nominal 
renL The building is valued at 
up to £15 million cm the open 
markci but its printing facili- 
ties have a replacement value 
of £60 million. 

The remainder of the 6.000 
workers, dismissed after they 
went on strike in January, who 
are not employed by the new 
proprietor would receive ex 
gratia payments equivalent to 
statutory minimum redun- 
dancy terms. 

Thai would mean half a 
week's pay for each year of 
service for former employees 
aged 1 8-22. one week's pay for 
those aged 22-41 and one and 
a half weeks’ pay for those 
aged 41-65. The deal would 
mean £10.000 compensation 
ibr a print worker aged 40 
earning £24.000 a year who 
had completed 20 years' 
service. 

Mr Matthews put forward 
News International’s plan af- 
ter the unions had submitted 
revised outline proposals 
which would gain them entry 
io the Wapping plant and 
union recognition, suggestions 
which the company has resist- 
ed strongly. 


He added: “We are- disap- 
pointed that after making the 
original offer of Grays Inn 
Road to the unions no one has • 
come back to us for a serious 
in-depth discussion about any 
of the aspects on offer. 

“We said at out last meeting 
that we would make the 
management of our organiza- 
tion available to give advice 
and assistance as to how the 
plant would operate and how 
to get a new paper off the 
ground, but no one from the 
TUC or the Labour move- 
ment or the print unions has 
come to us for further expla- 
nation or a feasibility study.” 

The prim unions* proposals 
would effectively end the tra- 
ditional chapel (office branch) 
domination of newspaper 
plants. The four production 
unions say they are prepared 
to form in its place a News 
International National Joint 
Committee to cover all News 
International plants which 
would hold sole rights of 
negotiation with rbe company. 

Recognition rights at 
Wapping would be invested in 
ihe committee, not in the 
individual unions. 

Mr Matthews commented: 
“The company reserves iis 
position on this document and 
will respond later. It is a 
complicated matter bearing in 
mind the structure of labour 
already in the plant." 


Little confidence 
in Reagan action 

Continued from page 1 Do yon think that Mrs 

American warplanes. Thatcher was right or wrong to 

Sizeable numbers of people give President Reagan perrois- 
wonld back direct action 1 — 


against Libya by Britain, bat 
would prefer blockades by air 
and sea to the use of British 
forces. 

MORI found that roughly 
equal numbers, about 28 per 
cent, favoured military block- 
ade. Only 5 per cent would 
support the use of British 
planes a ttacking Libya. 

Reaction against Che Ameri- 
cans appears to have spilled 
over into a loss of reputation 
and support for Mrs Thatcher. 

Compared with MORl’s 
most recent study of voting 
intentions and satisfaction 
with political leaders, Mrs 
Thatcher has lost rather more 
than the Conservative Party, 
and both Mr Neil Kinnock and 
the Labour Party have dearly 
gained. 

In late March Mrs Thatch- 
er dissatisfied 61 per cent of 
people. Now that figure is 68 
per cent Mr Kinnock by 
comparison dissatisfies fewer 
and his approval rating has 
increased from 32 per cent to 
45 percent. 

The fortunes of the Conser- 
vative Party do not seen to 
have suffered. 

Labour’s approval rate has 
increased, but the Alliance 
seems to have suffered, proba- 
bly from the effects of its third 
place in the Fulham by- 
election. 

The questions and repoases 
were as follows. 

Do you think President Rea- 
gan was right or wrong to 
order the bombing of Libya on 
Tuesday night in reaction to 
Libya's support given to 
terrorists? 

Right 29 

Wrong 66 

No opinion S 


shm for American bombers to 
fly from British bases to 
participate in the attack on 
Libya? 

Right 25 

Wrong 71 

No opinion 4 

What actions, if any, do you 
think the British Government 
should take against Libya to 
counteract Libyan support for 
terrorism? 

-Economic sections 57 
'-Blockade of Libyan ports 27 
-Air blockade of 
Libyan airfields 28 

-Encourage other 
European countries 
to withdraw diplo 
made recognition 
of Libya 57 

-Allow farther use 
of British bases 
for US warplanes 
to attack Libyan 
targets 13 

-Use British 
airplanes to attack 
Libyan targets 5 

None of these 8 

Don't know 7 

Do yon think the bombing of 
Libya will increase the likeli- 
hood of terrorist backed at- 
tacks of Libya in Britain, 
decrease the likelihood or 
make no difference? 

Increase 84 

Decrease 4 

No difference 12 

Finally, how much confidence 
do yon have in the American 
Government to deal wisely 
with the Libyan situation over 
the next few weeks. Have yon? 

A great deal of confidence 8 
A fair amount of confidence 18 
A tittie confidence 28 

or No confidence at all 43 
No opinion 


2 MAJOR PUBUC AUCTIONS OF THE UTMOST IMPORTANCE AND URGENCY 

Wa regrettably announce that due to prohibitive and unobtainrtfe kmnnro 

affecung s frpmems m and around the Gulf, valued in encss ^of^?? o* nQQm frflniJlf 
_ AN ISLAMIC COLLECTION OF 

PERSIAN CARPETS 

RUGS AND RUNNERS AND OTHERS FROM THE MORE IMPORTANT WEAVMG CENTI** nc ™= 
bmg an anam ml tom, which were accumulated m boh Europe arK|*BUM^S^ ? V*** ** 
_ . , repatriation to the fotowbtg counrte oftawi! ** ***«>mi 

Oo« io (has* unforeseen or commences and the T? rtt «y- 

cancefcd and wmsi the rugs were being held in mtnBhln "revocabty 

Airport end others they now have been removedivi^Tw Wareh ouse. Heailvow 

Duo to rho vast numtoeroi pieces and value involved the burtons Auct>on 

““s 

Sunday 2Qth April at 3 p.m. previous from 1 1 a.r 


THE ENGLISH SPEAKING UNION 
DARTMOUTH HOUSE. 37 CHARLES STREET 
BERKELEY SQUARE. LONDON wT 
(Adjacent to Chesterfield Hotel) 


BALLING TON GRANGE 
HAMPSTEAD AUCTION ROOM 

HAMPSTC *° 


a * uasl °"pJSS5! E J:' l S.- uwm, M3 Ttt am 


a***: 


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•onfidts. 
’an act 




Dealte. from whooping 
cotrfi may be between two 
ana six times higher than the 
official figures, the British 
radiatrie Association was 
told yesterday. 

Between 1977 and 1983 at 
least another 50 and perhaps 
as many as 260 babies 
under one .may -have cued 
from whooping cough without 
displaying an the classic symp- 
toms of the disease, in a period 
when only 54 deaths were 
officially recorded, according 
to a study by Dr Angus 
NichoU, a lecturer in chiM 
health at Nottingham Univer- 
sity. 

In a few cases the extra 
deaths may have been record- 
ed as cot deaths, and in others 
as due to respiratory disease, 
he tokl the BPA’s annual 
scientific meeting in York. 

Dr NichoU began his study 
when laboratory tests showed 
that a few babies in Notting- 
ham who died or nearly died 


had been infected by whoop- 
ing cough without displaying 
the classic symptoms of par- 
oxysms of coughing and the 
distinctive whoop. - 

When he compared nation- 
al statistics, for cat deaths and 
respiratory disease with 
whooping cough cases, which 
occur in four-yearly epidem- 
ics, he and colleagues found a 
significant rise in both cot and 
respiratory deaths in babies 
during the whooping cough 
epidemics. 

“We checked on a whole 
gamut of other infections and 
on changes In the weather, but 
none of them could explain 
tire - differences the way 
whooping cough could,- he 
said. 

“The study covered babies 
aged under one year, but the 
largest number of extra deaths 
occurred between one and 
four months when children 
are too young to be vaccinat- 


ed, but can still be exposed to 
whooping cough.” 

The only way to protect 
such children, he said, was to 
ensure that older children, 
who can be protected against 
tite disease by a course of three 
vaccinations given from the 
age of three months, are in feet 
vaccinated. 

But only about two in every 
three children arc vaccinated 
md whooping cough cases are 
running at about 600 a week in 
the present epidemic. More 
than 11.000 children have 
been infected in 1986, with 
five deaths since the middle of 
last year. 

Dr NichoU said: “With the 
epidemic due to run until the 
end of this year or the begin- 
ning of next it is still not too 
fete for parents to get their 
babies vaccinated. By not 
improving vaccination rates 
babies may be dying 
unnecessarily.” 


Child sex abuse widespread 


Doctors, social workers, 
teachers and others are not 
aware of “the vast majority 0 f 
sexual abuse - in chfldrcn” 
which is much more wide- 
spread than has been realized, 
the association was told. 

Dr Jane Wynne, a consul- 
tant paediatrician at Leeds 
General Infirmary, said that 
until 1983 about 10 children a 
year were bang referred to 
paediatricians as a result of 
suspected sexual abuse. 

But in 1984, with greater 
awareness, 50 children woe 
seen and last year 156 children 
were referred with an average 
age of eigbt-and-a-hal£ 

Among the 1 13 girls and 43 
boys a definite diagnosis of 
sexual abuse was made in 104 
cases. Dr Wynne told the 

‘Cowboy’ 
rapist gets 
10 years 

A man who stalked tourists 
in central London dressed as a 
cowboy and raped two Swed- 
ish tourists was jailed for 10 
years yesterday at the Gential 
Criminal Court 

M uhamm ad Imanafly. aged 
34. unemployed^’' of Mount j 
Pleasant Roach Tottenham. 1 
north London, was convicted 
of three charges ofrape, one of 
indecent assault, and two of 
theft He was also convicted of 
falsely imprisoning one of the 
victims. 

Mr Peter Clarke, for the 

f iroseculion, said that 
nsanally picked up the first 
victim aged 21 in Leicester 
Square, and the other, an au i 
pair, aged 17, in Govern 
Garden. 

Holding a knife, he forced 
each victim to have drinks 
with him before taking them j 
to St James's Park. 

Mr Clarke said that after 
raping the woman aged 21 he 
took her to a flat in north 
London where be kept hex all 
night and raped her four or 
five times. . . 

I nsanally claimed that both 
victims were attracted to him. 
They liked his clothes -a I 
black hat, a crimson waist- j 
coat, mauve jeans, knee-high 
boots and studded belt He 
said that both agreed to have 
sexual intercourse. 

Work as usual 

Mrs Thatcher yesterday an- 
nounced that there will be no 
public holiday on July 23, the 
date of the royal wedding. The 
decision was denounced by 
Mr Nicholas Winterton,Tory 
MP for Macclesfield, who 
described the decision as 
“spoilsport and killjoy"- 

Pleas dropped 

Two London men. Michael 
McAvoy, aged 34-, and Brian 
Robinson, aged 42, have abar* 
doned attempts ro win pernus- 
sion to appeal against their 25- 
year jail sentences for 

involvement in a £26 nulhon 
raid on a Heathrow Airport 
warehouse. 


BPA's annual scientific meet- 
ing in York. 'This increase is 
not just a result of greater 
awareness of the problem by 
those who work with children, 
but our growing ability to talk 
to children and examine them 
more effectively,” she said. 

“Often we realized that 
children we have seen before 
may have been the victims of 
unrecognized sexual abuse,” 
she said. “Figures from the 
United States show that one in 
three children has some sort of 
sexual experience such as 
being flashed at, one in 10 has 
something more serious and 
one-in 100 suffers incesL We 
are missing the vast majority 
of sexual abuse if these figures 
are correct, and we think they 
are.” 


Woolworth sheds 
1,300 workers 


By Derek Haim 


Woolworth is dosing 23 of 
its high street stores by July, 
with the loss of about 1.300 
jobs, of which about half are 
parttime, because of . its 
change in retailing strategy. 

Talks arc now going on with 
the Union of Shop Distribu- 
tive and Allied Workers 
{Usdaw), whfch is critical of 
the move because Woolworth 
profits showed a big improve- 
ment in the past financial 
year. Woolworth has baited 
recruitment at other stores so 
there wiD be scope for job 
transference. 

Woolworth said yesterday 
that the stores .were being 
closed and put up for sale 
because they did not fit into 
the new retailing strategy for 
the high street, chain. . The 
stores will concentrate on six 
key areas,, with some lines 
such as adult dothing and 
food eliminated. 

Mr Nigel Whittaker, a 


Woolworth director, said: “In 
some towns, Brighton being 
an example, we have more 
than one store. There are 14 in 
declining suburbs, and two 
London stores are in Holbom 
and the Strand where there is 
no real Saturday trade, so 
these do not fit into our aim to 
stimulate ^ weekend family 

^I^mher places stores are 
being closed because of re- 
location. 

When the further 23 outlets 
have gone. Woolworth will be 
down to about 815 stores from 
about 850. and selling space 
will be reduced by 3.2 per cent 
to 8.5 million square feet 

Eight of the new closures are 
in London, the other six being 
at Forest Hill, Harrow Road, 
Lambeth, Lewisham, Totten- 
ham and Woolwich. There are 
three in bigger provincial cen- 
tres at Manchester, Birming- 
ham (at the Bullring) ana 
Nottingham. 


Patients throw away 
£150m of medicines 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 


A hoard of medicines, 
worth up to £150 million, was 
“dumped” every year by pa- 
tients who did not take the 
dedications that doctors pre- 
scribed, according to a report 
published today: 

Campaigns to. collect un- 
wanted drugs yielded between 
£10 and £15 million worth a 
year, but the real figure includ- 
ing medicines thrown out by 
patients was certain to be 
much higher, the report in The 
Best of Health magazine says. 

A two- week campaign in 
Kent for example, had 
brought 4.7 million tablets 
and 316 litres of fiquid medi- 
cine. . 1 

“This huge waste is increas- 
ingly being seen as an acute 
mismatch between what doc- 
tors feel they are able or 
expected to do for patients and 
patients* actual needs. ” 


The reasons some patients 
did not take the medicines 
included worries about side 
effects, the report says. But 
patients should tell their doc- 
tors so that the cost of unused 
drugs to the National Health 
Service was reduced. 

The Pharmaceutical Society 
of Great Britain, which moni- 
tors the “dump” campaigns, 
expressed its concern yester- 
day: “We are unhappy about 
the large amounts of medi- 
cines which undoubtedly are 
kept ou shelves or medicine 
cabinets in very many homes, 
not least because of the risks 
they pose to children who may 
be tempted to take them.” 

The society has called for 
tighter controls on the 
amounts of drugs prescribed 
and for closer monitoring by’ 
general practitioners of 
“repeat” prescriptions. 


Solicitors do well in survey 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affiiirs Correspondent 

. M. Am* in IUSAhIa vhi 


Nine out of 10 peopl e who 
nc 4 > a solicitor are satisfied 

sstmeje* 

irodt'TOOTttfthngy-ttf ^J^^wdirorasw «3 per certrerj s^jsftaL 
fee charged » of those who The most freqnent com- 

accord ing !", a pd>- plaint among all were tras 

llsbed yesterday. os conveyancing that solicitors take too tong 

The survey also shows that some . 57 per cent <35 per cent); ^ 

although solicitors «e not they would still prefer jneffiaeocy or mcompet^cc 

*£**£**»—«* SugMtirey^l^n^rged 

JE0SS «5BS& SHStts 

it shows tkf* sbPWB lhat SOUCJOT 


Most people, 70 per cent Nmeoot of l O peo pk who 
who use asdichof do so for have red a soU cyr (6 5 per 
conveyancing work; some 27 ce nt rf B n»« qaesboned) were 
nercavtfor wills and trnsts, satisfied with the saw*. «nd 
SSS^nt for divorces or Cjycert ve qabsfie d. 
serrations. Of those who The most frequent com- 

nbmt amons all users was 


^T n^ote wodd choose a 

eas-sara 

elsewhere. 

Comnrissioaed by the 
Society from Roesn* Sor- 
«yTbf Great Britain, foe 

survey is based 

MW* m Eng** and 

Wales. 


would choose an estate 
and 13 per cent a to 
society. 


shows that solicitors were 
considered generally to be the 
most conscientious and easy to 


■Lite jiaw wihvhuuo-> — — j — 

who were aware understand aiming profession- 
^ ^ atteraadve di after doctors and hank 

rfcflAse a agents, they were the profes- 
S? serrfce, as «on people thought lo bt most 
SSSUfertrUW-* mereeiwix and -mainly after 
X^SdchtJeabnnk. your monajT. 



Paediatricians m particular 
had to be more alert, she said. 
Studies suggest that 18 per 
cent of children who have 
been physically abused have 
also been sexually abused, 
with suspicion in another 18 
percent of cases. However, Dr 
Wynne said paediatricians at 
Leeds get very few referrals 
from their colleagues in other 
hospitals. 

The Leeds figures show that 
in 96 per cent of cases the sex- 
ual abuse came from someone 
known to the child. “Our 
figures reinforce the belief that 
child sexual abuse is common 
and under-diagnosed,” Dr 
Wynne said, and resources 
had to be found to provide 
long-term help. 


Hugging two fourth-form 
classmates, Lizzi Pariett (left) 
and Emily Richardson (right), 
Stalin's granddaughter, Olga 
Peters, aged 14, could not bold 
bade her joy at returning 
yesterday to her old school in 
Saffron Waidon, Essex. 

“It is really a very emotional 
moment. I am so pleased to be 
back, ” she said at The 
Friends’ School, a Quaker co- 
educational school. 

She returned to Britain from 
. Moscow on Tuesday night and 
was driven to the school 
yesterday by Soviet Embassy 
officials from London. 

She said she had persistent- 
ly asked her mother, Svetlana, 
if she could retu r n to Britain 
from the moment they flew to 
the Soviet Union nearly two 
years ago. 

Olga denied rumours that 
she was unhappy in the Soviet 
Union and yesterday talked 
about life in Georgia and 
meeting her relatives (Photo- 
graph: Ros Drinkwater). 


Homosexual clue 
to boys’ deaths 


Detectives are investigating 
a possible link between the 
murder of two schoolboys and 
a savage homosexual attack 
on a boy aged six in Brighton 
three years ago. 

Links with other child ab- 
ductions have not been ruled 
out. 

Scotland Yard and Essex 
police believe the same man is 
responsible for murdering 
Barry Lewis, aged six, and 
Jason Swift, aged 14, who 
were both drugged before 
being suffocated. 

The boys' bodies were dis- 
covered five months ago, six 
miles apart, in the Essex 
countryside. The police sus- 
pect the killer is a homosexual 
who could strike again. 

Detectives believed the 


deaths could be linked after 
forensic tests showed that 
both the dead boys had been 
given the same drag and had 
died from asphyxiation. 

Both bodies were found 
lying naked in a similar posi- 
tion and no clothing was 
recovered. 

Yesterday a joint investiga- 
tion. codenamed “Operation 
Stranger” was launched. It will 
be linked by “Holmes”, a 
Home Office computer, which 
will help 100 detectives ana- 
lyse information. 

The investigation has al- 
ready spread to Brighton, 
where a possible link between 
the serious sex attack on a boy 
aged six in August 1983 has 
not been ruled out. 


‘Too easy’ 
credit is 
leading to 
bad debts 

By Robin Young 

Advertising by the credit in- 
dustry tempts people to under- 
estimate the cost of loans, and 
has contributed to a crisis in 
which at least half a million 
people have outstanding debts 
of £1.200 each, the chairman 
of the National Consumer 
Conned said yesterday. Mr 
Michael Montague told the 
annual meeting of the Credit 
Management Study Group in 
Coventry that respectable 
hanks as well as disreputable 
loan “sharks” were guilty of 
persuading people to take on 
commitments that they could 
not afford. 

It was the combination of 
low income and unexpected 
disaster, such as redundancy, 
illness, or marital break-up, 
that most commonly led to 
debt, he said, but there were 
also cases of reckless and 
irresponsible lending. 

Mr Montague suggested 
that one method of discourag- 
ing reckless lending would be 
to take into account the credit 
granter’s behaviour in consid- 
ering whether a debt need ever 
be repaid, should the matter 
come to court. 

He criticized advertise- 
ments offering instant loans 
without making it clear that 
homes would be security. 

The Credit Management 
Study Group said later “The 
National Consumer Council's 
own surveys suggest that no 
more than 1 per cent of credit 
transactions torn into bad 
debts.” 

It added: “Mr Montague 
himself acknowledged that 
such prosperity as there is in 
this country is founded on 
consumer spending that would 
be impossible without the use 
of credit.” The Finance 
Houses' Association said: 
“Mr Montague did welcome a 
publication of ours as showing 
a constructive attitude toward 
consumer debt problems.” 


Champagne flowed at the 
Arena Health Club in Great 
Russell Street, London, yes- 
terday after the manager, Mr 
Michael Foskett. checked 
Portfolio Gold Card and dis- 
covered he was one of two 
Incky winners of the daily 
£4,000 share-price competi- 
tion prize. . 

“1 meant to do the competi- 
tion on Monday when it 
started bat I overslept and 

didn’t get my card. I made sure 

on Tuesday and now I can 
hardly believe I’ve won. 

“All my staff plan to boy 
The Ttmes tomorrow to get 
their cards so that they can 
play. I hope they win- 1 loo* 
forward to drinking their 
champagne”, Mr Foskett, of 
Mbs well Hill, north London, 
said. 

The other winner of £2,000 

is Mr S Tipping of Harrow, 

Middlesex. 

• If you experience difficulty 
iu obtaining a gold card, send a 
s j> - e . to: 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 

Blackburn, 

BB1 6AJ. 

Remember that there is now 
£4.000 to be won every day and 
the prize money will accumu- 
late each day that it ts not woo. 
The new weekly prize is 
£8,000 and this loo is doubled 
each week that it is not 
claimed. 



Mr Foskett: Made sore he 
got The Tones. 


CO 




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THF TTMES THURSDAY APRIL i 7 1 986 


PARLIAMENT APRIL 16 1986 


Libyan crisis 


Russia told 


Heath critical 


Terrorism cannot be tolerated or sidestepped - Thatcher 


COMMONS 


The United Stales informed the 
Soviet Union tint limited mili- 
tary action was being taken 
which was in no n; directed 
against tbe USSR. Mrs Mar* 
garet Thatcher, the Prime Min- 
ister, said in opening the 
Commons debate on the air 
attacks open Libya. She dis- 
missed the postponement by the 
Russians of the meeting planned 
for next month between the 
Soviet foreign minister and the 
US Secretary of State as a ritoal 
Restore. 

If the Soviet Union is really 
interested in arms control (she 
west on) it will resume senior 
ministerial contacts before long. 

When the Government de- 
cided to support American mili- 
tary action taken in seif-defence 
against terrorist targets in 
Libya, it was aware of the wider 
issues and people's fears, she 
said- Terrorism attacked free 
societies and played on those 
feats. If those tactics succeeded 
terrorism sapped the will of free 
peoples to resist. 

Terrorism (she continued) has 
to be defeated, it cannot be 
tolerated or side-stepped. When 


other ways and methods have 
foiled - I am the first to wish 
they had succeeded — it b right 
chat the terrorist should know 
that firm steps will be taken to 
deter him from attacking either 
other people or his own people 
who have taken refuge in conn-’ 
tries which are free. 

US action was conducted 
against five specific targets di- 
rectly connected with terrorism. 
It would be for the US Govern- 
ment to publish its assessment 
of the results. 

The casualties were a matter 
of great sorrow. Also remem- 
bered with sadness were all 
those men, women and children 
who bad lost their lives as a 
result of terrorism. 

The Government bad no re- 
ports of British casualties. The 
telephone lines to Libya were 
open and people in the United 
Kingston! had been able to 
contact relatives these. 

In Britain it was necessary to 
be alert to the possibility of 
farther terrorist attacks and so 
should British communities 
abroad. It was a terrorist tactic 
not just to choose obvious tar- 
gets. The public should be ready 
to report to the police anything 
suspicious which attracted their 
attention. 


It was pretty certain that some 

of the routine dennodations of 
the American action concealed a 
rather different view in reality. 

MPs had asked about the 
evidence (bat the Libyan Gov- 
ernment was Involved in terror- 
ist attacks against the US and 
other western countries. Much 
of this derived from secret 
intelligence. 

II was necessary to be ex- 
tremely careful about publishing 
detailed material of this kind. To 
do so conkl jeopardize sources 
on which Britain continued to 
rely for vital information. Bat 
the Government was satisfied 
from the evidence that Libya 
bore a wide and heavy 
responsibility for acts of 
terrorism. 

For example, there was ev- 
idence showing that oa March 
25, a week before the recent 
Berlin bombing, instruc tio ns 
were sent from Tripoli to the 
Libyan People's Bureau in East 
Berlin to conduct a terrorist 
attack on the Americans. On 
April 4 the bureau alerted 
Tripoli that the attack woulds be 
carried out the following morn- 
ing and on April 5 it reported to 
Tripoli that the operation had 
been carried out sKcessfolly, 


The bomb which killed two 
people and injured 23)0 exploded 
in the early boms of that same 
morning. 

It was beyond doubt ‘that 
Libya provided the ProrawnaJ 
IRA with many of their weap- 
ons. The major find of arms at 
Sligo, in the Irish Republic, on 
January 26, the hugest ever on 
tbcfelandr indodedriBes and 
ammunition from Libya. 

On April 6 an attempt to 
a tfyir the US E mb a ss y in 
Beirut, known to have been 
undertaken on Libyan Govern- 
ment instructions, failed when 
the rocket exploded on launch. 

It was eipally dear that Libya 
was planning yet more attacks. 
The Americans had evidence 
thar US citizens were being 
followed and American _ em- 
bassies watched by Libyan 
Intelligence agents in a n a mber 
of countries spread across the 
world. 

There is (she said) other 
specific evidence of Libyan 
involvement in past a cts of 
terrorism and in plans for future 
acts of terrorism, but I c a nn ot 
give details because they would 
endanger lives and make it more 
difficult to apprehend the 
terrorists. 


Yesterday many MPs referred 
to the need to give priority to 
measures other than military. 
-The sad fact was that neither 
International condemnation nor 
peaceful pressure over the years 
had deterred Libya from 
promoting and carrying out acts 

Of terrorism. 

It was against this remorse- 
less background of terrorist 
atrocities and restrained peace- 
ful response that the case for 
military action under the inher- 
ent right of self-defence to deter 
planned Libyan terrorist attacks 
against American targets was 
raised. 

President Reagan (she said) 
informed me last week that the 
US intended to take such actum. 
He sought our support under the 
consultation arrangements 
which have continued under 
successive governments for over 
30 years, tie also sought our 
agreement to the use of US 
aircraft based in this country. 
Our agreement was necessary. 

In die exchanges which firf- 
lowed she raised a number of 
questions and concerns. There 
were risks la what was proposed. 
Many of them had been raised in 
the House and elsewhere mace 
the action took place. She 
pondered them closely with the 


ministers most closely con- 
cerned. Decisions like this were 
never easy. 

We also had to consider (she 
said) the wider implications, 
including our relations with 
other countries, and we had to 
weigh die importance for oar 
security of our alliance with the 
United States and the American 
role in the defence of Europe. 

After repeating the 
President's assurance that the 
operation would be Bunted to 
clearly defined targets related to 
terrorism. Mrs Thatcher toU 
MPs she understood there were 
no other Fill aircraft stationed 
in Europe and that had Britain 
refused per missi o n for the use of 
these aircraft, the American 
operation would still have takes 
place hot more lives would 
probably have been lost on the 
groaud and in the afr- 
it had been suggested that as 
a result of forther Libyan terror- 
ism, the United States might fed 
constrained to act again. 

I earnestly hope that such a 
contingency will eot arise (she 
said) but in my exchanges with 
the President, I reserved the 
position or the United Kin g do m 
on any question of farther action 
which aright be more general or 


less dearly directed against 
terrorism. 


and myself th« if tb«te 
question of using US mrermt 
based in this country m a farther 
action, that would he the frtject 

of a new approadi to Ae United 

Kingdom under the joint 
consultation arran geme n ts 


Some MPS had — - . 
whether the US action would be 
effective in stopping 
or. instead, quicken the cycle of 
violence in die Middle £*s£®°* 
the violence bad afready tok«»a 
great many lives since ft started 
Jong ago. 

It has not been so omdi a 
cycle oT violence (she said) but a 
one-sided campaign of ki ll i n g 
and maiming by ruthless terror- 
ists, many win dose connec- 
tions with Libya. The response 
of the countries whose citizens 
have been attacked has not so 
for stopped that campaign- In- 
deed, one has to ask whether it 
has not been the failure to act m 
self-defence which has en- 
couraged state-sponsored 
terrorism. 

Firm and decisive action may 


those who continue to 
practise terrorism as a policy 
think agaiQ- 

It had been sogg^tedihar 
-rtiaa would only bond op 

support in the Arab ^ 
short-term «f 

statemed* of «*pport for w 
from other Arab cuun tarteft.^ ont 
she 11 wondered bow profound or 
durable that support would be. 

Rot moderate Arab govern- 
ments, moderate governments 
everywhere, have nothing ^ gam 
(she said) f rom seeing Cotooel 
Gadaffi build up power and 
influence by persisting m poli- 
cies of riolence and terror 

She wished to emphasize the 
important point Pf*5T 

fill settlement of the Aroh- 
lsraeti question remained PoJ^F- 

AjhJ we shall continue to ***£ 
ways forward (she added) with 
moderate Arab governments. 

She would be seeing King, 
Husain later this week to 
rfianvw this very matter. 

The growing threat of fate** 
aatiotial terrorism was not Di- 
rected at the US solely - , and 
Britain had long been m the 
front line. Terrorism thrived on 
appeasement. 


US action more likely to 
provoke terrorism 


KINNOCK 


Mr Neil Kinnock. Leader of the 
Opposition, said the House was 
united in the view that terrorism 
was evil and cowardly in any 
cause. It was not a question of 
who loathed terrorism most but 
of what should be done about it 
U was this benchmark against 
which the American actions 
must be judged. 

They must judge Mr Reagan 
and the Prime Minister on the 
effectiveness of the action they 
had jointly taken. Mr Reagan 
had said the purpose was to 
bring down the curtain on 
Gadaffi's reign of terror. 

I do not believe (Mr Kinnock 
said) there is anyone who can 
seriously believe that that objec- 
tive has been or will be achieved 
by violence. The use of such 
force docs not punish terrorism. 
It wifi not prevent terrorism. 
Indeed, it is much more likely to 
provoke and expand terrorism. 

There was some Conservative 
laughter when Mr Kinnock 
cautioned those who allowed 
their judgement to turn solely 
on the evidence made available 
to the Prime Minister and 
others. 

Nobody needed convincing, 
he continued, about the 
criminality of Gadaffi and those 
who put their whole weight of 
judgement on the evidence of a 
particular series of atrocities and 
planned atrocities were in dan- 
ger of foiling into the trap of 
saving that the response to 
evidence must be bombing 
raids. That was to say that 
international law could be put 
aside. 

The response was the op- 
posite of what President Reagan 
intended. Gadaffi was without 
doubt a malignancy. No one 
could seriously doubt his 
involvement in sponsoring and 
financing terrorism throughout 
the world But as a consequence 
of the action of the United 
States in the last few days, 
Gadaffi had a degree of support 
even from moderate Arab slates 
which had previously regarded 
him with unrestrained hostility. 

By the same means and for 
the same reasons the influence 
of the United States and Great 
Britain had been diminished 
From European and Common- 
wealth allies had been heard 
statements of condemnation 
which would have been 
unthinkable a short time ago. 

British policy had always been 
to stop short of responding to 
terrorism with the might of 
armed force, with the might of 
the American attack on Monday 
night It was not because Britain 
was supine, passive or because it 
cringed before terrorism. It was 


certainly not because Bn lain 
had not been provoked 

Britain had not struck back 
with bombs because while the 
first step might be relatively 
easv. all further steps into 
conflict and all consequent steps 
backward from conflict pro- 
duced impossible difficulties. 

That policy of rationality and 
restraint was the right policy. 
Now it could and should be 
strengthened especially in the 
case of Libya, which was known 
to be a haven for terrorists. 
There should be strong commer- 
cial and financial sanctions. 
There was now an unprece- 
dented opportunity of making 
this effective against Colonel 
Gadaffi. 

The way was now made much 
more difficult by a decision of 
the Prime Minister within the 
Iasi week to be a compliant 
accomplice rather than a candid 
ally of the President of the 
United States. She had not 



Kinnock: We cannot support 
calculated reprisals 

shown solidarity with Britain's 
ally. She had shown subser- 
vience to the United States 
President 

She was wrong to give in to 
United States pressure on this 
occasion. She was wrong to 
believe thai the Fills were 
necessary for the operation or 
capable of reducing the casual- 
ties. She was wrong to depart 
from the com monsense and 
legality of British policy against 
terrorism. She was wrong to 
neglect the impact of this act ion 
and her complicity in it on 
opinion in the moderate Arab 
states. She was wrong to dis- 
regard the reservations of 
Bnutin's European allies. 

Everyone understood the 
frustration of and resentment of 
the American President and 
people at terrorist attacks. Every 
one of us is completely familiar 
with the instinct of revenge. Bui 
we know too that the world 
cannot be run on the basis of 
that instinct. 

The Prime Minister had been 
wrong to give support to the 
action of reprisal which arose 


from the sense of rage and 
outrage of the American Presi- 
dent. That was not merely the 
view of the Opposition; it was 
the view of international law. 
She had given her interpretation 
of international law as self- 
defence. 

We have listened but we are 
not convinced (he said). We can 
sav that however much the 
Prime Minister believed in her 
interpretation, she could find no 
recognized authority outside the 
immediate ranks of her own 
party to support her view 

There were those who said the 
international law had evolved in 
a different age and that it must 
now be stretched to deal with it. 
He counselled against that, not 
from any reluctance to ad 
aagainst terrorism, but because 
of the impractability of hitting 
back at terrorism with military 
force and because of the 
inhunamity resulting from the 
killing and maiming of innocent 
neighbours of terrorists. 

Where were the terrorists? 
They were hidden away in farms 
and tenements of Ireland and 
Beirut, the Punjab and even in 
the quiet suburbs of European 
cities. 

If we are to set our hand to a 
strategy of reprisals (he said) it 
will provoke not prevent 
terorism. And any pause in that 
strategy would be seen as ir- 
resolution or weakness and that 
would then encourage them to 
. farther atrocities. 

That strategy led to a trap; 
either doing too much or never 
doing enough. It would not be a 
strategy; it would be a snare. 

He urged ibe Prime Minister 
to resume the course of 
commonseuse and ksality. 
There was only one effective 
policy for her to pursue, that was 
lo return to their European allies 
and partners and urge them to 
adopt comprehensive sanctions 
that were the only way to isolate 
Cof Gadaffi. 

She could still repair the 
damage she had caused and if 
she pursued a course of securing 
combined and coordinated 
sanactioos, she would have the 
support of the Opposition. 

It was an essential change 
because she had not been strong; 
she had been supine in her 
support of President* Reagan. 
She had not acted in the 
interests of Britain: she had 
isolated it from allies and from 
moderate leaders in the Middle 
East. 

She had also damaged the 
long-standing, wise anti-terror- 
ist policy; she had not defended 
British citizens, she had placed 
them in great jeopardy. 

Thai is why (he said) her 
policy has been and will be 
rejected by the British people. 
They know she could have 
neither justice nor success on 
her side. 


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fanaticism 


STEEL 


OBAS. ti.tr TT43FREEM5T.08AS WW. LOXDOV EMBffT 


Mr David Steel, Leader of the 
Liberal Party, said no one would 
doubt the decision taken by the 
Prime Minister bad been diffi- 
cult but it had been wrong. 

The easiest way of coming to 
that conclusion was to draw up a 
balance sheet of gains and losses 
incurred as a result of the action 
taken. 

The first loss was that a great 
many people had, unhappily, 
been failed and it had been 
wrong for the Prime Minister to 
assume that all the terrorist acts 
had been inspired by Libya 
when many acts came from 
other countries. 

Secondly, Britain was now 
exposed to further terrorist at- 
tacks both on its citizens in 
Libya and in this country. The 
Prime Minister appeared to 
misunderstand the nature of 
terrorism. To have a terrorist, 
there first had to be a fanatic. To 
breed terrorism they had to 
breed fanaticism. 

My great fear (he said) is that 
this action will breed such 
fanaticism not just in Libya but 
throughout the Middle East. 

Also on the debit side, Britain 
had angered her allies. Not one 
other member of the European 
Community supported Britain's 
view, and some were rather 
more close to the situation. 

The action had also resulted 
in the postponement of the 
American-Soviet peace talks 
and had also boosted the stand- 
ing of Gadaffi both internally 
and externally in the Middle 
East. 

Mr Cranley Onslow (Woking. 
O said Libyan exiles in this 
country protested against the 
public hanging by the Gadaffi 
regime of a 14-year-old boy. 

We were targets (he contin- 
ued) because people in our 
country, exercising tbe freedoms 
that we cherish, dared to protest 
against that atrocity. 

As the facts became more 
dear, public support for the 
Prime Minister would become 
steadily stronger. 

What has happened (he went 
on) has brought us face to face 
with some veiy unpleasant reali- 
ties, but we cannot dodge the 
choices. We were not in a 
situation where we could be 
neutral. We would have found it 
impossible looking at ourselves 
in the mirror to retain our self- 
respect if we had prevented our 
best and oldest ally from jus- 
tified action in defence of its 
own citizens. 

Mr Kenneth Weetch (Ipswich, 
Lab) said the important ques- 
tion which should be before the 
House was to make a sober 
appraisal of the consequences 
for British foreign polH» of this 
military adventurism. The ma- 
jor foreign policy objective in 
this area was to prevent instabil- 
ity in a very critical pan of the 
world. 

We also have (he went on) as a 
major aim in foreign affairs to 
keep oil flowing from the Gulf 
and to try and minimize the 
penetration of Soviet influence 
throughout the Middle East. 

The net result on those poli- 
cies of developments in the past 
24 hours had been detrimental. 
At one stroke Gadaffi had been 
strengthened throughout the 
Arab world. In the second place. 
.American and British influence 
had almost overnight reached a 
critically low ebb. In the third 
place, liie relationships m Naio 
and the EEC bad been fractured. 
Sir Patrick Wall (Beverley, C) 
said if Gadaffi was no longer 
there. President Reagan and 
Mrs Thatcher would have been 
fully justified and Mr Kinnock 
and Mr Sieel would look rather 
stupid. 


A ‘No’ from Heath and Callaghan 


FORMER PMs 


Mr Edward Heath (Old Bexley 
and Sidcup. O said that there 
was room for differences of 
assessment in the matter. There 
were also lessons of history to be 
drawn upon and they had come 
about some 30 years ago. Per- 
haps far a few MPs’ memories 
went hack to that, when a 
dictator was over-estimated in 
the Mediterranean area. 

Certainly one MP would say 
that the consequences which 
flowed from that (he said) were 
because the action was not 
carried through to its logical 
conclusion. (Some Conservative 
cheers). To which the answer is 
that it was not possible to carry 
it through to a logical 
conclusion. 

The main question which 
faces us (he went on) is whether 
it is possible to carry this 
through to its logical conclusion 
and what are the consequences 
of so doing? 

Nasser’s influence had been 
greatly increased and the trouble 
he then caused was extended on 
a much wider basis than it had 
been previously. Other coun- 
tries in the Middle East were 
(breed to go along with him and 
for IS years British interests had 
suffered dramatically as a result 
of Middle East affairs. 

We should learn from those 
lessons (he said) when we are 
trying to make an assessment of 
the situation. 

1 have no illusions whatever 
about Colonel Gadaffi and his 
involvement in terrorism, 
including the IRA. I, too, have 
suffered from terrorism on two 
occasions. 1 realize all the 
implications but the issue is 
which is the best way lo deal 
with it, and how. 

Tbe governments of many 
other countries were actively 
involved in terrorism, particu- 
larly in the Middle East, and in 
international terrorism at that. 
The question was whether this 
was an acceptable way to deal 
with terrorism. 

He had beard only one lawyer 
who justified the US action 
under Article 51 of the UN 
Charier. It had never been 
intended to deal with a situation 
of this kind. 

International action needed 
to be brought up-to-date with 
terrorism, out tiiat was a dif- 
ferent question. 

The British Government bad 
had to deal wiih an equally 
difficult question during the 
Yom Kippur war in 1973. 

We were asked for the use of 
bases including Cyprus (he said) 
and our reply was “No". 

A Conservative MP: 
Disgraceful. 

Mr Heath; That was done on 
the basis of British interests, 
which is what the Prime Min- 
ister and the Cabinet are con- 
cerned with. 

Labour MPS: Should be. 

Mr Heath said that Sir Winston 
Churchill had said he would 
never have been so bold as to do 
it. On the other hand, he would 
never have been so foolish. 

Mr Winston Churchill 
(Davyhulxne,0: I was present 
when that statement was made. 
He said: I do not know that I 
would have initiated it 1 cer- 
tainly would not have stopped 
halfway. 

Mr Heath: 1 was quoting what 
he said to me at dinner at a 
comer table. (Laughter) 

Returning to the Yom Kippur 
war. he said that they had said to 
the US that they could not use 
British bases because Britain 
should not become involved on 
one side. The US had respected 
Britain for doing that. 

Mr Kissinger and President 
Nixon had both respected it 
because they knew the Govern- 
ment was looking after British 
interests. Tbe British Govern- 
ment was not prepared to 
alienate the Middle East orjjie 


Arab world and did not wish to 
see Israel overrun. 

That was why British oil 
supplies bad continued and 
Britain was able to keep the oil 
going to Europe, although lhai 
was not publicised at the time. 

Because of tbe influence such 
events could have on the Arab 
world, he could not come to the 
conclusion that the action 
would destroy terrorism. 

Nor do I believe (he said) that 
bombing cities is the right way 
to stop terrorism. 

It was essential to use all their 
resources in intelligence and law 
and order to stop terrorism. 
Some European countries had 
been successful, but Britain had 
not been in Northern Ireland, 
although it had never been 
suggested Britain should bomb 
IRA camps in the west of 
Ireland. 

Were they prepared to see 
more actions of that kind by the 
United States? He did not 
believe they should accept that 
They should go to the root of the 
Middle East problem — the 


could blur old understa n dings 
and created new obligations. 

He did not believe the long 
term interests of tbe US or 
anyone else had been enhanced 
by what had taken place. 

Libya harboured, recruited, 
trained, financed and sent ter- 
rorists on missions to kill and 
maim innocent people in other 
countries. America's action was 
misconceived, but it left unan- 
swered a question they must 
address because they all had 
joint responsibility: How did the 
civilized world grapple with 
state-sponsored terrorism? You 
could gel rid of Gadaffi but you 
could not bomb terrorism out of 
existence. 

Why did they not cut off all 
trade and make it illegal to use 
Libyan airports and refuse to 
buy their oil? Britain and Eu- 
rope should isolate Libya from 
our world and seek to isolate the 
terrorists from their own world. 

Gadaffi was not central to the 
solution to the Middle East 
question, but it was the inability 
to reach a Middle East settte- 



Heath and Callaghan: Both would have said oo 


future of the Palestinians and 
make a determined attempt to 
solve that problem. 

We should not be further 
involved in the bombing of 
Libya (be said). 

The argument that this was 
not a Nato situation was power- 
ful. This should not be escalated 
into farther conflict in the 
Middle East. 

Mr James C alla g han (Cardiff 
South and Penarth, Lab), former 
Labour Prime Minister, said be 
agreed with Mr Heath's general 
theme and his conclusion. 

In the 1950s it was never 
envisaged, for obvious reasons, 
that US aircraft stationed in 
Britain for the -purpose of 
protecting Britain and Europe 
could also be used by the US for 
purposes outside Nato with 
British permission. It never 
ocurred to anyone that the US 
would be able to use them in tbe 
way they now had, beginning 
and ending an operation from 
this country. 

There was no obligation on 
the Prime Minister, either mor- 
ally or implied, in the terms of 
the Truman- Attlee agreement 
which would have required Mrs 
Thatcher to give her consent to 
the US. There may have been 
other obligations — those of 
friendship; of being an ally; of 
the assistance given during the 
Falklands war. The Prime Min- 
ister had to consider whether 
this was in the best interests of 
Britain, whether it was in the 
best interests of the US, and 
whether it was in the best 
interests of promoting the object 
Mrs Thatcher had in mind. On 
all these matters he answered 
no. 

If he had been Prime Minister 
in these circumstances he would 
have said he hoped tbe US 
would not formally ask him 
because it would be difficult to 
say no although he believed it 
was wrong. He did not know 
whether they would then have 
desisted. But if they had insisted 
and made a formal request he 
would have said no. 

Mrs Thatcher had said refusal 
was inconceivable and that, 
showed how the lapse of time 


meat that strengthened him. 
The West should address itself 
to the genuine grievances on 
which tbe terrorists thrived. 

If the President did not pot 
his personal authority behind an 
attempt to move the AraWaad 
problem forward not only 
would America fall Bat on its 
face in Libya as in the Lebanon 
but the most volatile area in the 
world could set the rest of tbe 
world aflame. 

The Soviet Union should be 
drawn into this fight against 
terrorism. It had declared that it 
was opposed to state terrorism 
and terrorism. He did not know 
what value could be attributed 
to its word, but when the 
summit took place this matter 
should be in a prominent place 
on the agenda. 

Mr Norman St John-Stevas 
(Chelmsford, O said he did not 
think that lust for reprisals was 
the motive for the American 
action; rather that people should 
not be subjected to attacks as 
they bad suffered in tbe past 

With the exception of nuclear 
war. terrorism was the greatest 
threat facing the world. 

It was in the light of protect- 
ing and defending British in- 
terests that the Prime Minister 
and other ministers took the 
difficult decision they did. 
There were risks involved and 
he was satisfied every reason- 
able step was taken to limit the 
dam age, not totally successfully. 
The Prime Minister had acted 
with courage and also with 
balance and foresight and he 
would be voting for her tonight. 
Mr Tony Bean (Chesterfield, 
Lab) said there was very little 
support abroad!, in this country 
or in this House for what the 
Government had done. There 
were three objections: fear of 
Libyan reprisals; fear that this 
would damage British interests; 
and a sense of outrage at what 
was done and the deaths of those 
in TripolL 

Why did the Prime Minister 
agree to (he use of the bases? 
w as it because of the Falklands 
war? There was a debt to 
discharge. Britain did not win 


the Falklands war by sending 
the task force but because the 
American satellite system in- 
formed the British where the 
Argentines were. The Prime 
Minister had an absolutely 
overwhelming obligation to pay 
the price for the support. 

Could the Prime Minister 
have refused the Presidents 
request? That was the question 
that bad to be answered and 
only about three members of tbe 
House knew the answer. 

Had the time not come to 
consider dosing all the Ameri- 
can bases in Britain, not just the 
nuclear ones which was already 
Labour policy? For it had been 
the use of convential foro® 
which posed the threat which 
Bri tain now faced. 

Mr Julian Amery (Brighton, 
Pavilion. Q said that far years 
the dvilized worid had suffered 
from terrorism engendered from 
Tripoli. Britain could not have 
acted bv itself but at last tbe 
Americans had done it and 
Britain should rejoice that they 
had. 

People might say that there 
were better ways of doing it. As a 
veteran of the Special Opera- 
tions Executive, he would rather 
have done it subversiveiy or 
covertly but they could not 
break a police state unless they 
broke its infrastructure. 

The thing must been seen 
through otherwise the con- 
sequences could be very serious. 

There had to be a realistic 
policy to deal with terrori sm not 
just by tbe Mafia or a gang, but 
terrorism organized by a state. 
Two Arab-lsraeii wars had fol- 
lowed on Britain's previous 
policy. He did not want to see 
the same again. Appeasement 
did not pay. 

Mr Donald Stewart (Western 
Isles, SNP) said that it aj 


that if they were less pliable they 
would carry more influence with 
the Americans. It was the fate of 
all satellites to be treated with 
contempt 

There would no peace in the 
Middle East until the Palestin- 
ian problem had been dealt 
with. The Prime Minister 
should announce that the Gov- 
ernment did not intend to allow 
the uk of British bases for 
further attack. 

Sir Ian Gilmonr (Chesham and 
Amersham. O said anybody 
with the smallest knowledge of 
recent history in the Middle East 
must understand the utter futil- 
ity of opposing terror with 
counter-terror. Instead of 
merely denouncing Gadaffi, tbe 
US should look at its own 
policies and actions. It was no 
gpod being the sheriff in the 
Middle East and a rustier io 
Central America. 

Mr Eric Heifer (Liverpool. 
Walton, Lab) said terrorism had 
many definitions. What about 
the state terrorism of the US 
government? Reagan was one of 
the biggest international terror- 
ists alive today. Was it not a 
form of terrorism to kill and 
maim ordinary men and women 
in Libya as had happened two 
nights ago? 

Mr Winston Churchill 
(Davyhulme. C) said by their 
action the US had sent a dear 
and powerful message to all 
those states who backed and 
master-minded terrorism that 
they could no longer rely on 
western nations to turn the other 
cheek when next they slaugh- 
tered innocent civilians. 

Mr PWer Hardy (Wentworth. 
Lab) said it was time this 
country demonstrated that it 
was not prepared to agree to 
every act of an impatient old 
man. 

gr , 1 ? 1 Ppcfrd (Southport, a 

raid terrorism thrived on people 

m , ,h* n ^ th,n % 1[ must he music 
to the ears or terrorists to hear 

^ ra “» " ol *« 


Case for review of competition policy 


TAKEOVERS 


The Government had consis- 
tently followed a policy of 
refrrals of takeovers and merg- 
ers to the Monopolies and 
Mergers Commission primarily 
on competition grounds and 
that had been to the benefit of all 
concerned. Mr Paul Channoa, 
Secretary of State for Trade and 
Industry, said when asked dur- 
ing questions in ihe Commons 
to outline Government policy. 
Mr Hugh Dykes (Harrow East, 
Or. With the takeovers recently, 
notwithstanding considerations 
of size, keeping jobs or expand- 
ing jobs, and percentage 
concentration of production, 
there is need for clarification. 

There is all Ihe difference in 
the world between genuine lake- 


improving management, build- 
ing up assets, genuine invest- 
ment and increasing 
employment, and those which 
are largely financial ones that 
appear to be just for financial 
reasons, asset stripping, and 
City rapaciousness which gives 
(he business a bad name and 
conglomerates gelling bigger for 
the sake of empire building. 

It would guide the House to 
have a more coherent policy. 
Mr Channoa: The policy is 
coherent. We did have a review 
of this in 1984. Tbe policy is 
right, and it has been consis- 
tently followed. that 
re fercrences to the commission 
be made primarily, bul not 
inevitably, on competition 
grounds, and nearly always on 
the advice of the Director 
General of Fair Trading. 

Mr Tony Bran (Chesterfield, 


nng Rupert Murdoch's empire 
for examination under the cri- 
teria of competition? 

Mr Murdoch owns nearly 30 
per cent of British newspapers. 
The Sun, News of the U'orld. 
The Times and The SuruJav 
Times. He has acquired Ameri- 
can citizenship since he bought 
these papers in order to permit 
him to make further ac- 
quisitions in the United States. 

He then sacked 6.000 prim 
workers who had made him 
profits of £50 million last year, 
and is able to rely upon hordes 
of policemen paid for by the 
taxpayers every night, in order 
to enforce his will and increase 
his profits which he is then able 
to ex port abroad. 

Is (hat not a case far further 
examination? 

Mr duration: I do not share his 
views and he would not expect 


plans for such investigations. 
Mr lan 


nia proceeding apace in this 


EX (Stock- country. 

takeovers and mergers isoffenf — 5A”®! ^“rarteristic of the 
sive io many and has no logic or 
justification in terms of benefit 
to the consumer. 

Will he consider a change in 
competition policy in order to 
make the machi 
streamlined 

Mr ChaonoK There is a case 


, shte of affairs that 
companies are driven io take 

foSSS? profils »n«ead df 
long-term investment? 


Mr John South, chief Oppo- 
se 00 spokesman on trade and 
^tiustry. The public are puzzled 

overs and mergers for reasons of L^kWouldheconsider refer- me to share them. I have" no romplreittview of’ merger ma! 


Mr Channoa; He will not expect 
nery more JP®tp. a Bree. The volume of total 
nxed investment in this country 

for , of-cS^ 5 5S? $ ZmZHZ. ’S 

accept what he says about the 
recent spate of mergers. The 
Government has followed a 
consistent policy which is in the 
long-term interests of all 
concerned. 


liivtwinvai 


Parliament today 

Debate on 

Dehai? ^“cation. 

Detate on SNP and Plaid 

Sjfej* motion on regional 

. OY- Education 
committee, third day. 


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Dartington to 


THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 1 7 1986 


HOME NEWS 


scandals and 
bad publicity 




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By Colin Heghes 

pnee years of scandal and pictures 
-bad publicity have forced the pom ns 
trustees of Dartington. Hall to in Ju 
announce the closure next Petly, a 
year of one of Britain's most heiress 

expensive private schools. shoes i 

Dr Brian Nicholson, the TO ys*eri 
■ headmaster, has written to w ^ e bs 
parents saying that the trust- ! a *** 
«es csd do longer sustain 4D Q«« 
losses of several hundred ven * , «- 
thousand pounds a year. It ‘ ^ ar ty 
will shut after examinations in Wre i “ 
summer next year, although ^ juni 

lhe trustees plan to relaunch at ama ^ c 

'a later, undecided date. slump ii 

B . . Yestei 

_ Pupil . numbers at ««f it* 


pictures published in soft- 
pom magazines. 

Iff July. 1984, Miss Cathy 
felly* a pupil, aged 16. and 
heiress to part of the Clark’s 
shoes fortune, drowned in 
mysterious circumstances 
while bathing naked in a pool 
in the school grounds. An 
inquest recorded an open 
verdict 

Early last year, teaching jobs 
were reduced by one- third and 
the junior and senior schools - 
amalgamated to reflect the 
slump in pupil numbers. 

Yesterday, Dr Nicholson 
said thar parents who had 


w if * 4 ■*. ; ■ V 

ft .. 1 . r. I; ••• •-* • 

m» a S '* * * » ' f \ - 





mm 


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Mr I'-ian Nicholson, headmaster of Dartington School 


Da , rti ra on ta ^, halv ' d ,o 

?l y «* -n«Hraily UPM ami 


Lyn Blackshaw, then head- 
master, disclosed that children 
were 'abusing the progressive 
■principles of the school, and 
indulging in under-age sexual 
activity, drugs and petty theft. 

He and his wife were subse- 
quently forced to resign after it 
was, in turn, disclosed that 
they had posed for nude 


angry, but mostly sympathetic 
and understanding’* about the 
decision. He and the trustees 
wiB meet parents this week- 
end to seek ways of enab lin g 
those, due to sit examinations 
next year to complete their 
courses: 

. He added: “There is no 
question about the education- 


al qualities of the school, 
.which have been developing 
well recently, but the financial 
projections and projections of 
pupil numbers read like some- 
thing out of Kafka. "Next year 
the school’s management is 
predicting only 15 sixth-form 
pupils, and estimates it would 
take four to five years of heavy 
losses before the school could 
pay its way again." 

In bis letter he wrote: “Very 


public damage to the school in 
recent years is continuing to 
Wight recruitment- The trust- 
ees have continued to support 
the school at great cost. Bui it 
is borne in on us that sustain- 
ing the school in its present 
form is no longer an option." 

The derision signals the end 
of a 60-year history at the 
forefront of progressive pri- 
vate education, although Dr 
Nicholson, who took over at 


Dartington in April last year, 
says the trustees plan a revival 
of the school, returning to its 
original principle of a liberal 
cultural education, based od 
experience as much as aca- 
demic study. “Their commit- 
ment to the founder's ideals 
remains as strong as ever.” 

The Dartington estate was 
bought by Leonard and Doro- 
thy Elmhirst in 1925. using 
her American fortune, setting 


. i ■ ! '.- 


up the school a year later on 
principles borrowed from the 
writings of Rabindranath Ta- 
gore, the Indian national poet 
and a guru of liberal intellectu- 
als oi the time. During the 
1930s it adopted the rational- 
ist approach of Bertrand Rus- 
sell. the philosopher, and has 
always been a leading force in 
promoting the idea of non- 
sectarian religious and secular 
teaching. 


Roads and bridges ‘are falling apart’ 


By David Walker 

Many of Britain’s roads and 
bridges are foiling apart, ac- 
cording to a group of senior 
civil engineers. 

They have been examining 
the country’s infrastructure, 
and have concluded that 
many A and B class roads are 
deteriorating at a growing 
pace. 

“The state of road and rail 
bridges -is. also causing 
concern," the engineers said. 

They warned me soon-to-be 
privatized water authorities of 


a considerable backlog of re- to have no target for capital 


Liberals see hope 
in ‘two-horse’ poll 

By Philip Webster, Political Reporter 


newal and renovation in spending, no overall planning 
pipes, sewers and reservoirs. policy and no corporate ma- 
The Infrastructure Planning *««!» for monitoring the 
Group, set up in 1982 by the effectiveness of investment. 
Institution of Civil Engineers, Investment should not be 

yesterday published a report piecemeaL It should be 


eminent had to assess how deterioration of the infrastruc- 
nrach Britain could afford to ture is arrested, 
invest in infrastructure. ' i„ transport there was no 

But it questioned whether overall planning, and no over- 
the Government had paid all forecasts of the needs of 
enough attention to the ade- people for movement, the 
quacy of roads, ports, pipe- report said. Ports and airports 
lines and other infrastructure, had been ailowed to develop 
“The Government appears without adequate road and 
to have no target for capital rail links. - 


The Channel tunnel had 
been allowed . to go ahead 
without proper thought about 
its implications for railways 
and roads. 

The engineers said that as 
the Department of Transport 
moved towards the end of its 
programme of motorway 
budding it should not reduce 
spending on roads, but redi- 


Observer editor denies 
£1,500 bribe payment 


lines and other infrastructure. 
"The Government appears 


overaU pfanmng, and Hoover- ^ ^ to hiding local 
all forecasts of the needs of authority roads. - 

52£ JS F J2SKLS: They concluded thatBritain 

f had too many ports and this 
roSdbe made woree by foe 
without adequate road and opening of ^ channel 

***** tunnel. 


Mr Donald Trelford. editor 
of The Observer, yesterday 
denied that his newspaper 
paid a £! ,500 bribe to a senior 
Ministry' of Defence Civil Ser- 
vant. 

Mr Trelford. giving evi- 
dence at the Central Criminal 
Court, said the money was 
given lo Mr Raymond Wil- 
liams as an advance on a re- 
tainer and to ensure that he re- 
mained available to answer 
any “le&ti difficulties" which 
might have arisen after publi- 
cation of articles concerning 


the ministry. “It would have 
been quite illegal and improp- 
er to pay him for 
information." he told the jury. 

Mr Trelford said his news- 
paper believed Mr Williams 
had resigned from his MoD 
post in Bath and was free to 
undertake work for The Ob- 
server. 

The Observer Ltd pleaded 
not guilty to two charges of 
corruptly giving bribes to Mr 
Williams, aged 39, in 1983. 

The trial continues today. 


Minister 
sour on 
helicopter 
project 

By George Hill 

The EH101 anti-submarine 
helicopter, designed to replace 
Ibe Set King in the 1990s, will 1 
be produced for development 
costs of £650 million, Mr Nor - 1 
man Lamont, Minister for 
Defence Procurement, dis- , 
dosed to the Commons de- 
fence committee yesterday. 

This unexpectedly low fig- 
ure produced the mrasual spec- 1 
tade of the committee, which 
spends much of its time casti- 
gating ministers for rampant' 
waste of taxpayers’ money, i 
finding that a minister took a ! 
more jaundiced view of an item 
of expense than its members. | 

Dr John Gilbert, Labour 
MP for Dudley East, was , 
pleased that the project’s costs . 
had scarcely risen since 1978. 
Bnt Mr Lamont replied: “It j 
seems to me a lot for 50 
helicopters." 

Dr Gilbert again invited him 1 
to rejoice.ar»d Mr Lamont 
replied sourly: “It depends 
whether it does the job." 

The first EH101 machines 
would go into service “very 
early in the 1990s", Mr 
Lamont told the committee. 
The project is a joint Anglo- 
Italiau one. 

The Nato Lion heart exer- 
cise in 1984 had shown np a 
need for a medium-size sup- 
port helicopter, and a draft 
project had been prepared to 
fill the gap. Air Marshal Sir 
Donald Hail told the commit- 
tee. 


New move 
to block 
GLC cash 
hand-out 

The £36 million which the 
Greater London Council 
wanted to “bequeath" to vol- 
untary groups may be blocked 
even if the council wins its 
Lord's appeal over the pay- 
ments today. 

In the Court of Appeal 
vcsiefday. lhe GLC*s succes- 
sor. the London Residuary 
Body, won an order which will 
delay, and possibly halt, pay- 
ments if the council wins its 
appeal against a previous rul- 
ing that the £36 million 
spending was unlawfuL 
The order gives the London 
Residuary Body 21 days to 
consider application for nav- 
ment from any of the 900 
groups which the GLC wanted 
to fund after its abolition. 


tii. uldl; 
udec 
p so ; 


The three weeks will be used 

m 


lo consider new High Court 

re 


challenges lo payments if the 

•Jy 


residuarv body considered 

us 


that the GLC had no power to 

ne- 


fond an organization. 

ed 


Yesterday's order was made 

ce 

lies 

ss part of a variation to an 


\a- 

order granted last month. 

JS 

:r. 

allowing ihe GLC lo pay the 

ey 


£36 million into court pend- 

in 

re- 

ing the law lords’ decision. 

10 

■Ln. 

Mr John Howell, counsel 

»t 

l-ad 

for the London Residuary- 

/ T 

e-.-n 

Body. said jmould oppose 


i 

payment of an £11 million 

*n- 


GLC grant to establish a 

ed 

-.Tu.’ 

“Black Arts Centre”. 

ri- 

old 

If the GLC loses today's 


e*.s 


appeal the £36 million will be 
paid to the LRB. 


Mellish wins damages 


Mr Robert Mellish. the 
former Labour MP, won un- 
disclosed libel damages in (he 
High Court yesterday over 
allegations linking him with 
corrupt businessmen. 

In a book written by Mr 
Peter Tatchell. who succeeded 
him as Labour candidate in 
Bermondsey, it was alleged 
that Mr Mellish. aged 73, had 


associated with certain notori- 
ous businessmen, knowing 
they were comipL 

His counsel, Mr Desmond 
Browne, said the book. The 
Battle for Bermondsey, also 
implied that ihe former Gov- 
ernment Chief Whip had mis- 
used his position by granting 
favours to these businessmen. 


- The Liberal candidates in 
the West Derbyshire and 
Rydale by-elections began 
their campaigns yesterday 
with claims that they were 
already in a twd-horse race 
with the Conservatives and 
~ihat the Government was 
-being damaged by its support 
Tor the American strike 
against Libya. 

Mr David Steel, the LiberaT 
leader, introduced the candi- 
dates, Mrs Elizabeth Shields, 
who is fighting Rydale, and 
Mr Christopher Waimsley, 
from West Derbyshire, at a 
press conference in London 
and declared that the Alliance 
was trying to repeat the liber- 
al feat of July 1973 of winning 
two by-elections on the same 
day. 

For that to happen Alliance 
strategists accept that they will 
have to squeeze the Labour 
vote: 9,060 at . West Derby- 
shire in 1983, and 5,816 at 
..Rydale. 

Mrs Shields, who is seeking 
to become the first woman 
Liberal MP for 40 years, said 
that in Rydale the situation 
was for different from that in 
the recent Fulham by-election 
where the Alliance had begun 
from such a poor base. 


She added:“This is a two- 
horse race' between the Alli- 
ance and the- Conservatives." 

. . Mr Waimsley, a producer 
and presenter on BBC Radio 
^Manchester, said that in West 
Derbyshire traditional Tory 
voters were' looking for? a 
sensible alternative. 

. Mr Waimsley said that he 
had been surprised by tbe 
strength of opposition among 
Tory supporters to the feet 
that the Prime Minister had 
permitted American bombers 
based in Britain to- attack 
Libya. 

Mis Shields similarly spoke 
of a tide of worry and concent 
among Rydale Conservatives. 
People were worried about the 
reaction from the Arab world 
and the possibility of reprisals 
against Britons. 

The Alliance is conscious of 
the need to put the Fulham 
disappointnrent behind it and 
believes that it -must win at 
least one of the seats to regain 
its momentum. Mr Steel said 
that the Alliance, because of 
its local government activity, 
had something to buOd on in 
both seats. 

I^^AfiTT.if^SgS^SSS 

mat 1&242. 


Repairs to Illustrious 
expected to cost £4m 


Repairs to the aircraft earn- 
er. HMS Illustrious, winch 
■was damaged by fire two 
weeks ago, are expected to cost 
about £4 million and to take 
until about the end of July. 

The fire occurred in a gear- 
box just as Illustrious was 
sailing on a round-the-worid 
deployment scheduled to last 
until December. 

• GiviM the estimated cost of 
the repairs in a parliamentary 
written' answer Mr John Lee, 
Under-Secretary of State tor 
Defence Procurement, said 


that if she were repaired by 
July it was hoped that Illustri- 
ous would then join tbe-other 
ships of the Royal Navy’s task 
group in the Far EasL 
The other ships, which in- 
clude the frigates Braver, 
Manchester, and Ajfnazon. 
sailed on Monday, with Rear- 
Admiral Robin Hoggin com- 
mand. The group is to visit 
Australia, Korea, Malaysia, 
and Hong Kong, and to 
conduct exercises m the Pacif- 
ic Ocean with the United 
States Navy. 


Saleroom 


Gilbert’s 
work in 
demand 

By Geraldine Norman 

Sale Romo Carrestibndent 

The return iff Eros lo Picca- 
dilly Circus, together with an 
exhibition of Alfred Gilbert’s 
work at the Royal Academy, 
has concentrated 

connoisseurs' attention on 
this master sculptor of the 
Victorian era and there were 
big prices for his work at 
Sotheby’s yesterday. 

A lame version. 30 inches 
high, of his bronze, “Comedy 
and Tragedy", ran well be- 
yond expectations to reach 
£55,000 (estimate £15,000- 
£20,000). a new auction price 
record. It was bought by an 
unnamed private collector. 

The two other Gilbert 
bronzes sold as expected, an 
unusual sand cast version of 
“Perseus Arming” for '£22,000 
(estimate £20,000-£30.000) 
and the 14 -inch reduction of 
the same subject for £11,000 
(estimate £9,00fr£I 2,000). 

Among the Victorian paint- 
ings , the figure subjects were 
preferred to the landscapes 
with whitih the sale was per- 
haps oversupplied. leaving 16 
per cent unsold out of a total 
of £850. 124. 

The Turkish section proved 
the most buoyant part of 
Sotheby’s sale of Islamic 
works of art, which totalled 
£385.908 with 19 per cent 
unsold. 

An Jsnik “Golden Horn” 
pottery . dish of about 1530 sold 
for £33,000 (estimate £30,000- 
£40,000). Only 40 pieces are 
known with this' blue and 
white pattern of spiral stems 
and this is one of the finest - 

Christie’s sale of illustrated 
books saw a set of David 
Roberts's six-volume Holy 
Land sold at £75,600 (esti- 
mate £5 5,000-£60,000). not 
the highest price on record for 
these spectacular plates, but a 
high one as there have been 
several cheaper sets on the 
market recently. 

The sale totalled £37L56& 




“For* broad and balanced survey of 
every aspect of Anglo-Saxon society... 
there is nothing to app r oach ProTeasor 
Station's boob.” 

- The Thae? Literary Supplement 
.. one of the iao«t valuable 
contribotioos ever made to our 
knowledge of the history of our owo 
bud-” - English Historical Review: 

765 pages. Publisher's Price H9SS 




“The most substantial booh of all on 
Roman Britain.” - Cumm Archaeology. 

Peter Sahray draws together the 
literary sources and the latest 
archaeological evidence in the most 
challenging way. Sixteen vigorous 
chapters tell the whole Story from 
Caesar lo AD 50a 

784 pages. Publisher's Price ri9-95 


Science report 

Fish diet helps reduce heart risk 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 


There is pereuaslve 

that people whff e*f ^ 
w feb nials a J“L re 0 a t 
lower than ave rage ,ra k of 
heart disease and stroke- 
The conclusion s uramj 

fitim ffnmerow obMTvatio«w 

the medical histones of P« P* 

fish content m thdr d^v}? 
particular, cwnparso^ wfo 

Greenland Eskimos and mai£ 
land Danes indicate that the 
type of polyunsaturated fets in 

.fish oil can prerent the occur- 

of arterroscleross. 

The reason this protection b 
conferred oh blood vessels * 
unknown. But a 
ptored by a number « 
lory studies of 
biochemistry of 
fiats, and their by-products 
when broken down >y the 
body, bos been tested m 
people. 


Two groups were given mea- 
sured amounts of a supple- 
ment of the fish ofl type of 
fattv add. Each poison was 
given 10 grams of 

eicosapentaenoate, the poly- 

fwwfl (mated fat in question, 
each day for one month. 

One group bad Wood vessel 
disorders and the other com- 
prised a control group of 
healthy people. The trial was 
conducted by a team working 
with Dr Howard Knapp at the 
Vanderbilt University, Nash- 
ville, in the United States. 

Tbetr show an ab- 

sence of congestion , of Mood 


dots. 

The hypothesfeJWMter 

was that by-products, which 
were left when ussatmated 

fattv adds were broken down, 

were inert, whereas the pres- 


ence of foe by-products from 
other fatty adds cause blood 
vessels to constrict and the 
c o a g ulation ofMood cells. 

According to theory, the 
different fatty adds compete 
for the enzyme 
cyclooxygenase, which is die 
catalyst for the biochemical 
steps in which the large origi- 
nal molecules are turned into 
the by-products. 

When enough of the prima- 
ry fats woe the nnsaotrated 
type, their presence ensured 
that the body generated main- 
ly inert substances. Trials on 
the effect .of different levels in 
the diet showed that a low dose 
of one gram a day was not 
enough to prevent tire reactive 
molecules in - the blood. 

Source: New England Journal 
of Medicine. Val 314. pPSS 
942.1986. 




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— * ’ , tno >ur INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS ADVERTISEMENT TO THE BEST OF THEIR KNOWLEDGE AND BEL® 

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THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 17 1986 


Britain’s role • Mystery villa $ Target list 


nvFRSFAS NEWS 

m EEC moves 


" >"'■ ys'iv’i tv *! . " - — 








✓ 





£•. 


N— 4 /-. 

Libyan Naval**' 
Academy 





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Ubyan Security Poflca i 



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The debriefing . 

Pentagon says 
British-based 
bombers vital 

From Christopher Thomas, W ashington 


a crane removing wreckage at tbe terrorist meeting-place next to the F reach Embassy. 

The aftermath 


Libyan nerve-centre destroyed 

Fisk ” , , Libyan pres: 

Kremlin pledge of help for Libya 


The Pentagon insisted yes- 
terday that the use of Fill 
bombers from American bases 
in England was a vital compo- 
nent of the US raid on Libya 
and not merely a gesture to 
demonstrate active support 
from at least one European 
ally. 

Arguments persisted, how- 
ever, about tbe need for tbe 
Fills, 16 of which, according 
to tbe Pentagon, flew a gruel- 
ling round trip af Sj600 miles, 
taking six hears there and 
eight honrs back, s u p ported by 
about 40 tanker aircraft fair 
refeeiling. 

One Fill is still nn««fag_ 
Another was undergoing re- 
pairs in Spain where it made 
an emergency landing because 
of engine trouble on the return 
journey. The Air Force identt-- 
fied tbe missing crew as 
Captain Fernando • Rihaa- 
Dofninkci, aged 33, a native of 
Puerto Rico with a four-year- 
old son, and Captain Paid . 
Lore nee, aged 31, from San 
Francisco, father of a bey of 
eight months. Latex, searches 
over the Mediterranean were 
called off. 

Mr Robert Sims, the Penta- 
gon spokesman, rejected 
chums by some military ima- 
lysts that the raid coaid have 
been conducted more simply 
and at less risk without the 
bombers from Britain.. Some 
Pentagon sources claimed tire. 
Air Force had demanded a 
part of the action- "There was 
a need to nse both the Air 
Force and the Navy planes or 
we cooM not have carried opt a 
co-ordinated and sinniltafleoas 

strike", Mr Sims said. 

American pilots presented a 

picture yesterday of a confused 
and weak Libyan _ mflStary 
response to the raid._ Com- 
manders at a Libyan air base 

near Sort, for example, did not 

launch their planes. Batteries 
of Sam missiles were inexpli- 
cably not launched- 

As 18 Fills readied their 
targets around Tripoli the fleet 
of 14 A6 intruders approached 
targets in the east Simnlta- 
neonsly, other carrier-based 
planes supported the mission, 
with A7 Corsairs firing a 
dozen Strike anti-radar uns- 


sites and FA18 Hornets firing 
Area tea high speed anti- 
radiatioa nnssnes (HARM) 
into Libyan radars. 

E2C Hawkeye command 
planes searched for hostile 
aircraft that never came. 
EA6B Prowlers jammed Uby- 
. an radar and communications. 
F14 Tomcats and FAl8s 
equipped with air-to-air mis- 
siles flew in a drcnlar forma- 
tion. Navy- and Air. Force 
helicopters hovered in foe 
region to pick np any downed 
pitots. 

The Pentagon raid Navy 
fighters from the carriers and 
Air Force planes from En- 
gland struck at 2am Libyan 
time. Five Fills, each carry- 
hue a dozen 5001b hwnk, 
attacked, foe. military ride of 
Tripoli airport According to 
preliminary Pentagon assess^ 
ments, three to five IL76.qMrqo 
planes were damaged. •; 

Eight Fills, each carrying 
2 , 0001 b laser-jpdded bombs 
attacked foe Ban Azizda bar- 
racks in Tripoli, said to be the 
centre. «f Libyan terrorist 
pfaunring. A State Department 
official said fix barracks were 
virtually destroyed. Three oth- 
ers attacked foe Sidi Bilal 
port west of Tripoli, tod dond 
rover prevented accurate dam- 
age assessment. 

In eastern libya* eight A6 
planes carrying ungraded 
5001 b bombs and 7501b dnster 
bombs attacked foe Benina 
military airfield. Tbe Penta- 
gon said that five to 12 MiG 23 
fighters add several spare- 
parts hangars were either 
damaged or destroyed. The* 
Americans met -virtually no 
opposition. 

Six otter Afe bombed foe 
Jamaiuriyah barracks, said to 
be an alternative c omman d 
post with 5001b bombs. They 
encountered heavy anti-air- 
craft fire. Inhere was no imme- 
diate assessment. 

AD attacks' were over within 
12 minutes but the Pentagon 
said the Libyans, apparently 
still confused, contmoed firing 
for some time. Missile gridi n g 
radars at Sort were turned on 
only after the US planes had 
left. 


From Robert Fisk 

i. TripoU .. Kren 

There was growmg evidence 

in Tripoli yesterday that in Mr Gorbachov, the Kremlin 
Tuesday's bombing Arperi- leader, has sent a message of 
can jets scored a direct hit on support to Colonel Gadaffi In 
the house in which foe Libyan Tripoli, stating that Moscow 
security services regularly met wwonld strengthen Libya's de- 
with Palestinian and other fences against America, 
extremist groups. Mr Vladimir Lomeiko, 

The two-storey villa — — — 

which stood next to the 
French Embassy which was said they knew c 
badly damaged in the Amen- next to foeemba 
can raid — was apparently it lay empty fa 
used by a “special projects" time but was of 
section of the Libyan security night by mem 
police and was razed in foe plainclothes Lib 
bombing. foe company of 

The rubble of the house has bly Palestinians, 
been moved aside. by a bull- ^ building 
dozer and mfotia men have h J r f Z 

C “ efi,Uy McnrltyjSk? 
through ns rums. in Tripoli and 

When I tried to approach exact role ms 
foe scene, armed men ordered mystery, drplom 
me to leave. “We have not it could have be 
finished clearing the area,” target 0 f the Ar 
one of them said. When I told thought Abu Ni< 
him 1 wanted to walk to the ian assassinatioi 
side entrance of the French gd it. 

Embassy next to the rubble, he 
replied: "Yon cannot go there The . Libyans 
now — you must leave.” proximity to the 
Foreign residents in Tripoli lossy afforded i 


said they knew of foe building 
next to the embassy. They said 
it by empty for weeks at a 
time but was often visited at 
night by members of foe 
plainclothes Libyan police in 
foe company of guess, possi- 


The building was almost 
half a mile’ from foe main 
security police headquarters 
in Tripoli and although its 
exact role may remain a 
mystery, diplomats here said 
it could have been a specific 
target of the Americans who 
thought Abu Nidal’s Palestin- 
ian assassination squad visit- 
ed iL 

The . Libyans thought its 
proximity to the French Em- 
lossy afforded it protection. 





m ifc 

piiSp ' 





The crew of the Fill which is stffln 
Lorence, left, and Captain Fernand 

The riddle 




Captain Paul 


Foreign residents in Tripoli lossy afforded it protection. 

The peace moves 

Ministers to seek 
European solution 

From Richard Owen, Strasbourg 

With tensions in the Libyan tive MEP for Hertfordshire, 
crisis still high, Britain will said America could not allow 
come under pressure from its Colonel Gadaffi to cause hun- 
EEC partners today to explain dreds of American deaths 
and justify its role in the without taking decisive ac- 
Amencan bombing of Libya. lion, and Europe's response to 
European foreign ministers Libyan terrorism bad by con- 
meet today in Paris for foe trasi been passive 
second time in a week in an Today's meeting in Paris is 
attempt to “ de-escalate ” the at the request of Greece, which , 
crisis by putting forward a like other EEC Mediterranean | 
European solution based on states has shown most alarm 1 
diplomatic rather than mill- Some Euro-MPs yesterday , 
tary pressure. Mr Hans van demanded formal EEC con- 
den Broek, foe Dutch Foreign detonation of foe American 
Minister, yesterday reiterated action, and Mr Alf Lomas, 
foe EEC foreign ministers' call leader of foe British Labour 
for restraint on all sides, which Group, called for EEC sanc- 
was ignored by Washington lions against President Rea- 
four days ago. gan, whom he called “the 

Mr van den Broek sought to arch-terroris l”. . 
diffuse European anger over An EEC expression of regret 

Sir Geoffrey Howe's apparent is likely today but a condem- 
failure to inform other EEC nation of Washington will be 
ministers of the impending resisted by Britain. Other EEC 
attack by saying that even if states are also reluctant to 
“certain ministers^ -had had condemn Washington, despite 
advance knowledge it could their outspoken criticism of 
not have been shared with the the American operation, 
rest of foe Twelve because of sir Geoffrey Howe will 
its sensitivity. attend today’s Paris meeting 

No mention had been made and will face criticism of tbe 
at The Hague meeting on Government's agreement 10 
Monday of American plans, American use of British bases, 
but tbe meeting had been Diplomats said foe EEC 
called at short notice precisely nations were as determined to 
because tensions were rising eliminate terrorism as Wash- 
and military action could not ingion was, but believed that 
be excluded. military action invited further 

Libyan backing for terror- ^ r risl retaliation, not least 
ism was not in doubt, Mr van 1D Western Europe, 
den Broek said, and Libyan A spokesman for foe Bel- 
threats to European states gian Foreign Ministry said 
would meet an appropriate that Mr Leo Tindemans. the 
response. He said today’s Belgian Foreign Minister, had 
meeting would examine how passed to Washington a mes- 
Europe could help to “de- sage from the Libyan Govem- 
escalate” the crisis. mem requesting a cessation of 

Mr Derek Prag, Conserva- hostilities. 

The blame 


American shot on way Kohl accuses Libya of 
from Sudan embassy Berlin disco bombing 


From Mobsin Afi, Washington 
An American staff member 


Of foe US Embassy mj^ar- 
ioum was shotand injured ^on 
Tuesday evqnfog by an. un- 
known «HtanL but ism * 

stable condition in a hospi taJ 
in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, offi- 
cials here said yesterday. 

a State Department spokes- 
man said that foe employee 

rs « He 

homt from the EmtoW-Rw 


television interview yesterday: 
“The person shot m Khar- 
toum - whether foal is some- 
thing that was directly 
planned by Gadaffi or not, we 
don’t know.” He added: We 
don't have any direct intelli- 
gence on thaL . 

# KHARTOUM: Amid fears 
of further attacks, US and 
other Western, notably Brit- 
ish, installations were oil tuu 


From Our Correspondent Bona 
Chancellor Kohl told foe “indications” that 


noinc huh. — -r - ^ i-u nstaiiauons wmc »«■« 

dBnib 3m yesterday (Gill Lusk 

man was reported I tote ve Libyans and members 

u ^veral Palestinian groups 

h^.Next of bave moved .freely in foe 


ncaa-. — v " have moveo 

informed- but foe spo since foe transitional 

would not S* iSfLi* jg, ■ Government renewed ues 

with Libyalast year. 


Bundestag wsteiday there was 
clear proof of Libyan respond 
bility in the terrorist bomb 
attack on a West Berlin disco- 
theque 12 days ago. 

He said intelligence sources, 
which he did noi identify, 
could prove that foe Libyan 
people's Bureau in East Berlin 
had directed foe bombing of 
foe La Belle Disco in which 
two people were killed and 
230 injured. 

Dr Kohl's statement was a 
surprise departure from 
Bonn's earlier cautious line on. 

Ubyan involvement in the 
attack. He and his spokesman 
had referred only to 


“indications” that Colonel 
Gadaffi, the Libyan leader, 
wa&bebiad foe outrage. - 

Echoing President Reagan's 
broadcast on Monday. Herr 
Kohl said foe Libyan People's 
Bureau in East -Berlin had 
alerted Tripoli on April 4 that 
an anti-American action 
would be carried out foe next 
day. 

On April 6. at 1.30am. 
shortly after foe bombing, the 
bureau reported ihat foe ac- 
tion had been successful 
. Herr Kohl said that Libya, 
uniter. Colonel Gadaffi, ted 
become a centre of interna- 
tional terrorism. 


Russia’s Foreign Ministry 
spokesman, said the message 
contained “the promise of 
support and full solidarity”, 
and the pledge to “strengthen 
further the Libyan defence. 

Mr Konstantin Katushev, 


Any deliberate attack on foe 
building was bound to cause 
severe damage to foe embassy. 

An American bomb was 
dropped squarely on foe 
house, devasiing the French 
Embassy. Other bombs fell on 
neighbouring residential 
streets, causing casualties 
among the civilian 
population. 

Independent eye witnesses 
can now account for 93 dead, 
many of them civilians. This 
figure, however, does not in- 
clude casualties from foe 
bombings of Benghazi 

The Libyans have refused to 
release any figures on the dead 
or wounded in the country. 


~ Libyan press or have been 

| -a fwwrrt broadcast over foe state-con- 
1U1 Juil/Vd . trolled radio even though 

head of the Soviet Committee Libyans have been told that 
for Foreign Economic Rela- Colonel Gadaffi s two small 
dons - a body thought to were seriously wounded 
oversee Russian military as- * n the raid. No mention has 
sistance to its allies - handed been made of his adopted 
the Gorbachov message to tbe baby daughter. Hanna, whom 
Libvan leader last week. foe Gadaffi family doctor 

■ -- disclosed on Tuesday night 

had been killed by pressure 
foe raid on Tripoli, revealed damage to the head suffered in 
the following: 70 bodies the raid. 


But a count by journalists and 
foe relatives of those killed in 


viewed in one mortuary by foe 
family of a non-Libyan .Arab 
girl who died near the French 
Embassy; five more bodies 
counted' by correspondents in 
tbe ruins of foe Bin Ashour 
suburb of foe capital, and 18 
more corpses, several of them 
women and at feast two of 
them children, viewed by 
journalists in other 
mortuaries. 

These incomplete figures do 
not include those buried on 
Tuesday. For health as well as 
religious reasons, it is a tradi- 
tion in the Middle East to bury 
foe dead within 24 hours. 


lists and No official expressions of 
killed in -grief have appeared in foe 


-| The threats 

... Britain 
■0 : joins US 
on the 
hit list 

yPr ■ From Frank Johnson 

* The head of foe Libyan 

"v** People's Bureau in Vienna, 
, :Z m .. ■ Mr Imbeia Wadi, yesterday 

said Libya would regard Bnt- 
Mgjkt*?: * \ - ... ,‘ 4 “ i ish as well as Amerira military 

; - •. installations as legitimate tar- 

gets of retaliation for foe 
Ofti'" ' - American raids. 

'. . : iT Mr Wadi speaking to jour- 
•' • nalists. said Britain had “de- 

- t ceived international public 

BE-'-' ; .. .. opinion” by saving first that it 

would not allow its American 
jC; • . . bases to be used against Libya, 

then “suddenly allowing sup- 
port for this savage attack”. 

\ Asked whether British and 

u - 1 American diplomats, embas- 

reneb Embassy. ?es or civilian airlines would 

be targets, he replied: No — 
only military installations.” 
But Libya could not rule out 
foe possibility that its support- 
_R ers all over the world would 

K7 r £h/' < l feel so outraged by the Ameri- 

y VU can raids that they would take 

v action which Libya could not 

Libyan press or have been control, 
broadcast over foe state-con- The bureau issued a state- 
trolled radio even though menl denying foe American 

Libvans have been .old iha, fjf™ '5’L S J^I L^1n‘ 
Colonel GadafT.-s .wo small P lann<;d m 

r.L“^d SC !io“men , S,n n ' taS • ROM^ head of Liby- 
" an mission here. Mr Racbman 
" Shalgam. said yeslerday lhal 

S? SSST-iSr- dociw 

S’S?n SSiJgXSjK Sf AStafcSJ tad 

r a F .o .heheadUeredin UsISfiS 

thera,tL (Peter Nichols writes). 

The Libyans have mean- He said the station was the 
while moved all their civilian biggest US electronic centre in 
airliners from Tripoli airport the Mediterranean area, 
to the town of Sebha, 1.000 “What are we supposed to 
miles to foe south, for fear of send to these bases?” he asked: 
further American attacks. “Bouquets of dowers?”. 

* r , >c Asked if this meant that 


The Libyans have mean- 
while moved all their civilian 
airliners from Tripoli airport 
to the town of Sebha, 1.000 


further American attacks. 

There were rumours of US 
bombing raids outside Tripoli 
early yesterday morning and 
oncreport spoke of foe Ameri- 
cans firing a Harm missile at a 
Sam-5 missile directed out to 
sea. 

Libyan officials made no 
comment on these reports 
although they did claim that 
Tuesday's attack on Lampe- 
dusa Island “devasted the 
American telecommunica- 
tions centre” there. 


Libya might try to attack foe 
air bases in Britain that sup- 
plied some of foe bombers, he 
replied: “Why not?” 

• MOSCOW: Tass reported 
that Sir Bryan Cardedge. foe 
British Ambassador, was sum- 
moned yesterday to the Soviet 
Foreign Ministry to discuss 
Britain’s role in foe US strike. 
Moscow said Britain shared 
responsibility for the Libyan 
casualties and foe heightened 
tension (AP reports). 


You 

must accept the 

Argyll Offer by 
3om, tomorrow 



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The Argyll Offer values Distillers’ shares at 
709p -29p more than their market value. 

1. Study the easy-to-follow instructions on 
your Acceptance Form and fill it in. If you do 
not have an Acceptance Form or are in any 
doubt as to the procedure for acceptance, 
please telephone the Argyll Helpline in 
Edinburgh on (031) 556 7761 or (031) 558 i252. 

2 . Return your Acceptance Form together 
with your share certificate(s) and/or other 
document(s) of title to The Royal Bank of 
Scotland pic. Registrar’s Department, PO 
Box 86, 34 Fettes Row, Edinburgh EH3 6UU 
or The Royal Bank of Scotland pic. Registrar's 
Department, 16 Old Broad Street, London 
EC2N 1DL as soon as possible. In any event 
the form must arrive no later than 3pm on 
Friday, April 18th, 1986. 

3. If you have accepted the Guinness Offer 
and now wish to withdraw, complete and 
return your withdrawal form. Again this must 
be completed and returned no later than 3pm 
on Friday, April ISth, 1986. Should you require 
assistance call the Argyll Helpline for advice. 

4 . Remember. Your Acceptance Form must 
arrive no later than 3pm on Friday, April 18th. 


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J5 OVERSEAS NEWS, 


THE. TIMES TP ^nAY APRIL 17 1986 


House checks Reagan 
by tying Contra aid to 
overall spending Bill 

Stasa Cfetfssi*** WMbtogum 


President Reagan baa t eea 
put on the spot by a 
al manoeuvre in the Ho wc o* 
Representatives which threat 
ens to delay plans to t»toce 
American military aid U> U* 
Nicaraguan Contras. 

Democrat leaders «« > » 
vote on Tuesday wgW W 
to 208 which atufehes 
measure to a SL7_taB«» 


hecwK of t£ 

to their ability to #25 million immediately fo[ 

effective fight against the San- m _ including the 

<Kmictn fiovemment. . . . .K m .i<w-heLd anti-air- 


cnwi’ 5 -tv—-— 
dinista Government. 

The Democrat leadership a 

n mcnfflirun Ol 


not opposing assumption of 
iritiiary aid 


catch-all spendin^Bill, a BiD 


opposed ... 

Administration. . 

The President is now sk*o 
with the choice of letung the 
Bill through or carrying ou 
his threat to veto ‘V* 
would force him to restart Ure 


military aid but wants .it 
delayed to allo w the S anding- 
ta lirneio open peace negotia- 
tions with the rdWJ. . 

Opponents of the awrope majn uemociai h*«“ — 

theprooKiural immediate $?5 milUon 

wiD kul the plan altogether. » stnetiy O on -military pur- 

Thc main hope for sotjJ if affirmed by a 

of the aid package ■ i P°» - — — »«<* 

House and Senate wiBj^ 1 
on the spenoing 


SSS-iSSTSi* 

3T-5SJT-SS! 
ssti SErtfcKg 

- Ind a further $75 rofllion 

^ U ^nDemocratplanto 


House ana 

compromise on spending 
woukj torcc to Bi ,| ‘so that Mr Rea gan can 

sfssvsSs ftMiSp: 



eSSA , 3S»- 


get me aw ™ rr"”z# 

perhaps causing a delay of 

many months. Hmim 

According to White H«hc 
officials, the Contras are a^ 
ready in a powerless state 


noses ana. u auu **»*»• -j - 
£cSnd vote in the House and 
the Senate, another $75 md- 
lion for military aid after July 

2g 

• The third plan to merely 
provide $27 million to aid 
refugees from Nicaragua. 





From Diana Geddes 
Pans 

sfrurpsTsa 


Panama City (Reuter) “ 
Seflor Jorge Abadia Anas, the 
Panamanian Foreign Mu«s- 
tervesterday said the UtRissd 
States had agreed to ^op 

sod porting Nicaraguan reoes 
iftheSandinista Government 
sinned a Central American 
peace accord proposed by the 
Contadora group. 

Senor Abadia said he «« 
informed officially of ** 
decision to stop supporting U* 
Contras in a letter be received 
on Monday from Mr Arthur 
Davis, the US Ambassador to 

P ThJ 1 ietter said Washington 
was “ready to cease all its 
support for the Ntauagwm 
Contras at the same tune that 
Nicaragua M *“, tbe 
Contadora peace accord 
Seflor Abadia wj "» 
dent Daniel Ortega of Nicara- 
gua had pledged his govero- 
ment s willingness to sign the 


;o5« aid package, was — 

deadlock broken 

_ “This doses the circle 

rfaflp tn hpflB 2 true 



president Ortega: jWjUinS 
*to sign’ peace accord 


Deace accord in a letter detiv- 
Sed to him last Saturday by 
the Nicaraguan Ambassador 
to Panama. 

The reported US offer ap- 
neared to break a long-stand- 
ing impasse - the 
Sandinista Government had 
said it would not endorse the 
Contadora peace accord. 


“This doses the drde and 
sets the stage to begm a tree 
peace process," Senor Abadia 

**He said he was confident ti® 
beads of state of 
Central American countries 
would sign the Contadora 
treaty at a meeting to be mm 

^ReprtsStives of the Euro- 
pean Economic Cosamowa 
the United Nations and the 
Organization of American 
StoSeTwill be invited to wit- 
ness the signing. 

Panama is a member of tne 

Contadora group. 
with Mexico, Colombia and 
Venezuela. The group has 
been working since it was 
rounded on the Panamanian 
resort island of Contadora m 
January 1983 to «»cha 

regional consensus about tow 
to achieve peace m Central 
America. 


Knesset 

approves 

Cabinet 

reshuffle 


From David Bernstein 
Jerusalem 


a UK utrjwj — — — 

Non-violent party 
in South Africa 
may alter policy 

_ I iinmchv. Johannesburg 


The Knesset (Partiament) 
met in special session Jgg" 
dav to approve the Cabinet 
reshuffle in which the 1 finaj“ 
Minister, Mr Yitzhak Modau 
exchanges portfohw wi* Ae 
Justice Minister, Mr Moshe 
Nissim. 

The exchange was thrashed 
out on Sunday as a compro- 
mise to end the week-l°"B 
crisis which all tot brought 
down the national unity Gov 
eminent of Mr Shimon Pere* 
who had demanded Mr 
Modai's removal from .tne 
Treasury for publtdy criticiz- 
and .the Govern- 
mem's economic policy 


From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

ri Mr Mohamed Valli, said there 
The United Democratic J^mo doubt that Mr Peter 
Front (UDF) said jSiabeleng, president of tbe 

might be forced to abandon its norlhern Transvaal branch of 
policy of non-violent opposi- ^ UD p, who died in Lebowa 
lion to apartheid under pres- this 

r MHnhcn 


Computer 

boy keys 
into Paris 
ministry 


From Diana Geddes 
Paris 


Krisare to go 

ing the opera- at the Bbsuu& 

E foattffl: 
“SSSSSSBE?^ 
SJiwSf-S 

advanced, 'and the promised 

compensagto^^ 0 ^: 
Smpleiion too high, for the 

Sit to.cononue. Neve^ 

u 

In all, the Government is 


sure from its members. 

“The UDF has been called 
upon by many of its affixes 
to review its non-virfenl 
stance in the wake ofunm^- 
rated violence against its offi- 
cials. While at this pom 1 ** 
are still committed to non- 
violent methods, we wffl not 
be a Wte to ignore these calls 
tevSvtir organization s 

*>l alHancs of more ttan 


ooiice custody earlier thj 
month had been tortured. 
According to the South Afri- 
can Council of Churches, fan> 
Uy membets heard the poto 
say: “This time, we are going 
to kill you," when they took 
Mr Nchabeleng away. 

The UDF denied that its 
members had anythingjo do 
with the burning w death of 
some 30 people wh^ bodies 
were uncovered earlier ^ 
■week by the Lebowa police. 


Cambodia is 
focus of 
MPs’ visit 


Hanoi (A.FP) - The first 

British parliamentary detec- 
tion to visit Vietnam since the 
unification of the counny 'in 
1975 left yesterday after dis- 
cussions focusing on econom- 
ic co-operation ana 
Cambodia. . . , 

. Some of the eight MPs, led 

by Sir Anthony Kershaw 
chairman of .^e Cor JJ[!J?“ 

sjMSKTvsg 

to resolve the Cambodian 
conflict by political means. 


DDlBUUIB K*."** — — r - • 

Ruling party takes up 
Bhutto challenge 


ms prOTUKUl . 

I'akisian s 7“T rt^T^nnc and key 

League, m£ 


Pakistan Mtudhn League, 
urged his party 
ySa, y to P«g« “ Sg 
♦he threat posed b> Miss 
Benazir Bhutto and the grow- 
ing popular support for tor 
Pakistan People s Party. 

Miss Bhutto’s week-long 
anti-government campaign is 
expected to get into top gear 
with ber visit to Islamabad 
and Rawalpindi tomorrow. 

The Prime Minister is re- 


nte the results of 
Bhutto’s campaign. 

Mr June jo was quoted as 
saying that he was not entirely 
bipy with his party s/T 
rtDouse to rim political chal- 
k^eposed by Miss Bhutto. 

Meanwhile, Miss Bfeitto 
yesterday rejected the advice 
of government security offi- 
cials not to move from aty to 

city at night. 


Mr Peres’s laconic rtate- 
meni tabling the shuffle m 
the Knesset sparked a bitter 
3 >fc-hour debate. 

The opposition was particu- 
larly scathing in its criticism ol 
what it felt was a storm in a 
teacup that had stood the 
country on its toad unneces- 
sarily. In the end the reshuffle 

was approved by a big mmgn, 

with only the tiny oppoj**^ f 
oarties and a lone member or 
Se Likud alliance opposing ti- 


me . “ i — — __ lUrM >ic hv inc uw" a ^ — . 

facial alliance of ™ ore jjjjj Meanwhile, Mrs Winnie 
600 groups, shares the vaguely t j, e wife of the jailed 

socialist political aims of the Mana w. Mr 
outlawed African NahtojJ A C ’ denounced as 

Congress, tot has. not pubhdy press reports of 

supported Its policy of armed ^ made in tow-n- 

stniggle. QCC _rt pd s hios near Johannesburg last 

The statement also asserted snips fl advocating 

that UDF inembos and sup- Sundayap^ ^ ^ _ 


porters in the tribal 
“hometandT of Ld»wa,inthe 

northern Transvaal, had been 
"the victims of vindictive 
detentions, bombings and 
shootings" carried out by the 
police and the army. 

The general secretary ofth? 
Transvaal region of the UDF, 


aunua? j - 

violence against the state. 

B#3tf85«=£ 

ties of dagga (camiabis). ^ 
len property, and firearms. 


A British tourist has been 
stabbed to death in Marra- 
kesh. and his wife and another 
couple were injured - 
them seriously - by a knife- 
wielding assailant “they 

strolled through the streets. 
The assault, which occurted 


on Tuesday, ^"Ot thought 
to be connected wnh the 
American bombing of Ubya 
as the attacker was .said by 
police to have a history of 
mental illness. . 

British consular £ 

Casablanca identified the 


dead man as Douglas Stokes, 
believed to come from 
Peterborough. 

The seriously injured man 
was named as Mr Kenneth 
Owen, aged 60, a lecturer in 


’At Off!* 

Vignemont, to I»< 
thevounaest ministerial aflv»- 

Fl m'c 0 mpiUM- boost IMS 

»w*s s ?3S 

junior Minister for the Ci«I 
Service and Ww BaB 8‘ .... 

^lrfuril be com»nedwrifc 
the future of young 

their aspirations, 
inregard to tectootogyand 
life styles intto y^r 
shall be sporting to • 
minister, in the context oftto 
plan, on hew tomorrow s world 

wffl^evoive and ra tojr. 
example, a compute wtUto“ 

commonplace <m a 

row as a tetephooe is today, 

^Already noted as wtat tto 
British might call a “bit of 
aySig fope", CyrOJeOTeto 

^Hrfkeye Ml 
when he was called anas a 
snper-gifted represeomtive 

the^ip-and-conring 
to cross-examine Presi^t 

Mitterrand during a 
television inter 
be canted oot with a disam- 
certing setf-assuraiice and 


aipts totauing 
francs .while spending “ °* e 5 
areas is due to increase by 2L- 
bilUon, producing an overall 

S^nSbiUion. . . ■ 

hnM tS to DC 


Fow billion fean® is' to be 
devoted to youth, empioy- 
Srent mainly reductions in 
Scud' security contributions 
far employers hinng pwgle 
between the ages of 16 and *-5- 
Qat in four young people are 

“i^SStion, an exfra 500 
million francs is to be m ade 
available for the long-term 

uneraptoy^ you^tod oW, 

who reach the end of theur 
unemptoyment benefit-. The 

tos* .sf 


I' 


1 

»** 


i i i 
, ^ i •; 


t t 


J ' j, Vi 

fl 2* 

' t * * 


»•> 


length of payment oi uncu.- 
ployment benefit is dejxndeni 
.on the penod previously spent 

mrintrtVTTlPnL 


’LL. OKkU wvi - — - . — . 

uistics at the University 


gBTiTwk wate 


fronts gave him ^ M 
Sinclair nucro-eompmer. By 

the age of 12 , he was travrihng 

aloroto Paris to negotiate a 
roXS with tbejun^ 
Apple company to design pso- 
1 for the- 



Zimbabwe 
moves on 
rebels 


Lisbon (Reuter) - Zim- 
babwe has launched a Wr 
new offensive against Moz^- 
bican right-wing reto® 

Gorongoza regionol jOTtrai 
Mozambique, rebel somro 
said here yesterday. 

The Mozambican Natiotmi 
Resistance (MNR) daimcd 
, that its forces had lulled 237 
Zimbabwean troops and sjm 
down two helicopters and a 
MiG21 fighter .in the dasha 
so far. No MNR casualties 
were mentioned. 


I Police killed 


Visit property in 13 towns 
ss the country from the comfort 

of your ’phone. 


Delhi (Reuter) - J™** 
licemen were 
three gunmen, suspected 
being Sikh extremists, at- 
tacked a vobfx i 
Udaipur in Rajasthan state. 

Starting early 

Peking (AFP) -A twof- 
old boy in eastern Jiangsu 
province smokes an avera^ot 
four cigarettes a day and ones 
when refused , a smoke, a 
Chinese health journal says. 

Sabah deaths 

Kota Kinabalu (R*®^) T 
Two people were shot drao, 
bringing to eight *** 

1 5 illegal immigrants escaped 
from police custody m toe 
Malaysian state of Satan. 

Crying to win 

Jakarta (AFP) 

sasr. sssfSa 

Central Java, which has had 



VU rr 

h SrS5ft-j- 

tax. introduced by the Social- 
ists, is to be abolished, wtihan 
equivalent cut m mcotto tax, 
amounting to 4 billion toes. 

for those at the bottom end of 

the tax ladder. Company prot- 
its are to be taxed «a ontorm 
rate of 45 per cent htiherto- a 
50 per cent tax had been levied 
on distributed profits. 

The tax cuts will be oo*n 
pensaied by the * bfl to 
francs which the Government 
hopes to raise by the np.“W" 
ate ale of stare holdi ngs in 

public enterprises evenbefo^ 
=it introduiceSTts p tomed mas- 
' sive privatization programme. 
Yesterday’s Cabinet xneel- 
mg also approved the appoint- 
ment of a Ministre de la 
rendition . Feminine 
(Women’s Affeirs). She is 
Jdme Helene Gisserot, aged 
50. a career civil servant- 


•■a •' 


J 




■v * 

■ :<T‘ '*• 


Three die 
in Zmich 
shooting 


r- ■ 

>V V. 


Zurich (Reuto? - A man 
said to be a Qvil Servant 
opened fire matobbe office 
to Zurich yestenlay, tailing 
three people and seriously 
injuring two others. • - 

police described the man as 
head of the city construction 
police, the body which ensmes 
that , legal procedures are fol- 
lowed during the construction 
ofbuilding5. 

He. fled after the incident. 
The weapon had not been 
found, and it was presumed 
that the man was still carrying 
it. 


• • 4 . 




»<. 4 . 


** - » .. 

fl --tai,; 


Police had no idea of his 
motives and could not o>n- 
firm a radio report that a hit 
list” had been found at his 
home containing the name of 
a former local councillor and a 
journalist 


cenirai java. 

previous contests in laugning, 
whistling and flattery. 


The problem about re-locating or expand 
ing your business is having to sift through long 

lists of candidate sites and properties. 

Ms the same problem if you're looking for 
investment or development opportunities. 

- The new CNT Property Centre near 
Londorts Piccadilly simplifies the whole process 

bv offering information on thirteen New Towns 

' . In run* 


Dy oneiuiy uuuimuuu.. — 

in one location We match youi needs to our 
resources, resulting in a short-list that meets 
your brief exactly. 

A single 'phone call is all it takesito start the 
ball rolling. Our choice of industrial and com- 
mercial space and development land in prime 


positions is second to none. Much of the pro- 
perty we have on offer is located within inter- 
mediate and development areas or enterprise 
zones which open the door to a wide range of 
financial incentives. 

Our advice is absolutely free so use the 
benefit of our local knowledge and expenmoa 
Call James Graftoris office on 01-935 6100 . 
After all why waste valuable time phoning 

around when one call is all it takes? 


Author ill 


Buenos Aires (Reuter) - 
president Alfonsin yesterday 
proposed moving the federal 
capital from overcrowded Bue- 
nos Aires to the sparsely 
settled northern edge Of 
Argentina's vast Patagonia 

re ^5cT" said tiie new capital 
would be the symbol of a new 
republic, founded to overcome 
the “dramatic political and 

institutional problems that 
have resulted from the 
country’s original political 
structure. 

The President arged a spe- 
cial advisory council to also 
study sweeping pohticai re- 

r l.-lnJitta rtlA MKSlilU- 



towns with a com- 
Dinea tfupulatioa of 20,000. 
The two towns are located on 
opposite shores of the river 
Rio Negro 800 miles south of 
Buenos Aires. 


More than- one-third of 
Argentina's population of 30 
million' lives in Buenos Awes. 


Buenos Aires, President 
Alfonsin said, has become an 
“oversized megalopolis that 
Uttie by little has invaded, 
paralysed or distorted the 
forces of all of the. nation,” 
deforming the national politi- 
cal system. 


(Reuter) - The 
author Gerald 
Brenan. aged 92. 
admitted to hospital suffering 
from stomach bleeding. 


, Malaga 
I Anglo-Irish 


announcement in a speech to 
the Council for the Consrfida- 
tion of Democracy, a presSden- 

dal advisory cooncjiro,^ tial 
study sweeping pohtical re- o®* ^ The relocation of the capital 

forms, including about y SS« would help decentralize politi- 

ty of-wmbmingw^ofom AeMs i SSLtotoc SeSl cal strnctires, clart^y political 

traditional presidential system woaldpttne jnrisdictkms and help resolve 

with elements of parimmenta- capital. tbe p ro bleins of unevim economic 

^j^tfonsin nm dethe Jirf ViSl^ and Carmen de devetopment,he said. J 


U swma5? 5 biSiinr in8 I ^ S^Alfonsin made the area of Viedma and Carmen de developments sam. 

flail traffic halted as Finnish strike spreads 

X ... - , ^ am when 15,000 state employ- men with non-nnmp«mp 

< Ain _ RmI traffic Killk said he forand me ago . . h the canital ees. All foreurn Bights ' 


The Commission for the New Towns, 

58 Sl James’s Street London SW1A 1LD. 

Telex: 262334. Facsinule: 01-491 0412. 


Helsinki (AP) - f^illjraffic 
ground to a halt w Finland 
yesterday after stinking cml 
servants extended their action 
to cover the whole country. 

In all, 42,000 civil servants 

wereon strike after ffiewwuoii 

; unanimously rejected the state 
1 mediator’s attempt to break a 
deadlocked wage dispute on 


sitnation “hopeless, smee the SonwalH, out, donh« 850 diverted to &eairports of 
™ sWe ? S Stoflii, Helsinki Tampere and Turku. . 

apart and said the strike could state o(rices ^ Customs offices remained 

beatongone. ending all teaching in unmanned, and rargo was 

He predicted that »*res- piling np at the borders, 

sures to find a solntion would Board of Aviation The Interior Minister, Mr 

start building up” to open the T — * 

ar.w-asa ss?™-, «- 

..I.. tinlP 


1 limhul noeCOTHH'r 


the interior Minister, mr 
Matti Lottinen, appealed to 
tbe union to exempt rail traffic 


Basildon - Bracknell - Central Untastin -C«toy 


inn — Rfiddiash - 








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THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 17 1986 


Manila files criminal 




charges against 
ircos and his aides 


__ m§ 


Th* Sohcrtor-General of the 
Philippines has filed criminal 
marges against fonser Presi- 
dent Marcos, his wife, Imelda, 
thei r thie c children and 21 of 
hK former government and 
busmess associates, accusing 
them of illqgaSy am ageing 
overseas wealth es timate d to 
exceed $5 billion (about £314 
billion). 

. After the graft and corrup- 
tion charges were filed with 
the Commission on Good 
Government. Mr Sedfiey 
Ordonez ;said more names 
could be added to the list as 
the complaint involved a 
grand conspiracy never before 
experienced in die country. - ' 

Heading the list of26 names 
were those of the Philippines’ 
former first family — Mr and 
Mis Marcos, their children, 
knee, Irene and Ferdinand, 
and their sons-in-law, Mr 
Gregorio Araneta and Mr 
Tomas Manotoc. 

It named Mr Gerommo 
Velasco, the. former energy 
minister, and Mr Baltazar 
Aquino, the former highways 
minister. 

Mr Marcos's loyal cousin 
and one-time ' cme£o£staff 
General Fabian Ver was listed 
along with his alleged mis- 
tress. Edna Cancam. 


Trotn Keith Dafttrn, Manila 

£55m aid ‘safe 9 


Washington (Renter) — US 
and Manila audits show rtwt 
some $81 motion (£55 mfiftm) 
in 1985 US ecommie aid has 
been fully accounted for and is 
not “missing”, officials said 
yesterday. I s Philippines Fi- 
nance Murister, Mr Jaime 


Ongpin, gave assurances that 
no OS SHDMrt funds had been 


no US snpport fowls had been 
diverted by former President 
Marcos. 


Also listed were Mr Roman 
Cruz, the former chairman of 
the debt-ridden Philippine 
Airlines, and Mr Bienvezudo 
Tan toco, tire previous ambas- 
sador to Rome and business 
tycoon. 

Among the top-level busi- 
nessmen named on the charge 
sheet were the so-called “sugar 
baron”, Mr Roberto Bene- 
dicto, and the “banana king”, 
Mr Antonio Floirendo. 

Those listed stand accused 
ofhaving “wilfully, unlawfully 
and feloniously, singly or con- 
fabulating and conspiring with 
each other” plundered the 
country’s wealth during the 20 
years Mr Marcos held power. 

The former leader, ago! 68, 
toppled from power in a 


civilian-backed mil itary rev oil 

on February 25, now lives 
with his family in exile in 
. Hawaii. 

Most of those named by the 
Solicitor-General accompa- 
nied Mr Marcos into exile or 
quietly left the country just 
before or shortly after the 77- 
hour revolt that installed Mrs 
Corazon Aquino in power. 

The complaint said the ill- 
ftotten properties were in the 
United States, Britain, Austra- 
lia, Canada, Austria, Italy and 
Switzerland Mr Ordofiez said 
the wealth included cash, 
jewellery, businesses, man- 
sions, bouses, apartments, 
condominiums, office budd- 
ings, shopping centres and 
agricultural, commercial and 
industrial land. 

• Newsmen a tt a c k e d: Pro- 
Marcos demonstrators, after 
an overnight vigil outside tire 
US Embassy, yesterday at- 
tacked several newsmen cov- 
ering the event in which 1,200 
protesters accused the Reagan 
Administration of “kidnapp- 
ing” Mr Marcos. 

Demanding that the former 
leader be allowed to return to 
the Philippines, the demon- 
strators bat and kicked two 
photographers and hit several , 
others with sticks. 



nVF-RSEAS NEWS L 

tish Italians 

lions accused 
•oyal of murder 
itinv over wine 


British 
fashions 
for royal 

scrutiny 


The Princess of Wales chatting with members of the Vienna Boys' Choir after attending a 
concert in her honour at die Angarten Palais in the Austrian capital yesterday. 


From Richard Bassett 
Vienna 

On the toted and final day of 
their visit lo Vienna, the 
Prince and Princess of Wales 
highlighted the long-celebrat- 
ed popularity of British 
clothes by attending a fashion , 
show to the Hofburg Palace, j 

The Princess, who was 
dressed in a cream and black : 
suit described by various Brit- 1 
Ufa fashion journalists as com- 
ing either from Mr Bruce 
Oldfield's workshop or the 
Chelsea Design Centre, sat on 
tire edge of her seat. 

If the Prince found the 
deafening music of Queen and 
Careless Whisper by George 
Michael somewhat perturbing 
at first, the Princess clearly 
enjoyed every rain ole. 

Earlier yesterday, the Prin- 
cess visited the home of the 
celebrated Vienna choirboys 
in the Augarten Palais. 

The previous evening, at a 
concert of Elgar in the Vienna 
Konzerthans, the royal couple 
narrowly avoided meeting Dr 
Kurt Waldheim, the contro- 
versial former Secretary-Gen- 
eral of the United Nations who 
is standing for the Austrian 
presidency. The Waldheim 
family sat in a box opposite 
the royal party bat were not 
invited to the intermission 
cocktail party. 


■ Milan (Reuter) - pajfs 
against two Italians alleged to 
have adulterated wne with 
methyl alcohol have been 
changed from mandaugbter to 
murder as the confirmed lou 
of Italians killed in the tainted 
wine scandal rose to 
yesterday. 

Officials said the post- 
mortem on the latest y'cum 
who died in Monza on March 
3 showed he had died ot 
poisoning by methyl alcohol. 

Signor Alberto Nobili, the 
state prosecutor, said he had 
altered the charges against 
both Giovanni and Damele 
Ciravegna from manslaughter 
to murder. 

The father and son, who are 
wholesale wine traders from 

Narzole. south of Turin, have 
been accused of knowingly 
adding methanol in dangerous 
quantities to low-grade wine- 

Seven other men detained 
in the methanol scandal face 
manslaughter charges. 

• Washington warns: The US 
federal authorities say they 
found a toxic chemical used in 
some kinds of antifreeze in 10 
wines from Austria, West 
Germany and Italy (NYT 
reports from Washington). 

Although the level of con- 
tamination is not considered 
toxic, officials urged Ameri- 
cans not to drink the wines. 


US may bar funds 
for Chinese 
family planning 


Peking (AFP) — American 
charges of forced abor tio n s fa 
China threaten to cause a ot- 
ofT of ail US fmndmg for the 
1986 United Nations' family 
p lanning programm e, Mr 
Manfred Knlessa, tire UN 
representative here, said 
yesterday. 

The bar on fends, which h 
expected to be decided any- 
time, would have little effect 
on China, btttwonld be a major 
Mow to efforts by tire United 
Nations Fund For Fogndation 
Activities to stow down popu- 
lation growth in otter Tilted 
World countries. 

Mr Knlessa, who o v ersees 
aU UN activities m China, said 
the fend assisted in edneattm 
propananesaddeontriweptive- 
prednefion IaJCfeiaa; jmd thd{s 
contributed to redaahg -.te 
ranker of abortions. 

“Ow programme is perfect- 
ly dean,” he said. The UN did 
not support any programme of 
involuntary a bortion « forced 
sterilization anywhere in the 
world, be said. Chfria, In turn, 
has denied the allegations of 
forced abortions. 

Mr Knlessa added that the 
UN fund's 1986 budget of 
$140 urillioa (almost £95 mil- 
lion) (winded $35 motion 
(almost £24 saHInai) from 
America. The allocation was 
now in danger of being can- 
celled because of a gross 
atisanderstanding by some 
sectors m Was hingto n about 
tire nature of Os work. 


or 1 per cent of China's total 
spending on population con- 
trol. “In China osar involve- 
ment is marginal, hot in otter 
coontries the cats wotdd be a 
serious Mow,” he said. 

Under an American law 
prohiMting Handing for foreed 
aboitioos or sterffizatiis, toe 
US Agency for International 
Development (AID) last year 
witiiheU $10 mmioa Qust over 
£6,750,000) to UN funding 
that it believed would have 
otherwise gone to China. 

China and tire UN fond 
denied AID’S finding that it 
had jMgtiripated in manage- 
ment of a programme of 
coercive abortions and steril- 
izations. Witt tire UN now 


cfltt^sdering 'a total cnMEF'fo 
H* 1986_-support. : - 

Mr Knfessa said a derision 
on the caHiff had been expect- 
ed before April hut apparently 
was delayed due to the 
agency's pr e occupation with 
events in tire Phffippines. 
•Meeting T^ectah C hin a 
yesterday dismissed as unreal- 
istic the idea that Deng Xiao- 
ping, tire Chinese leader, and 
MrMiUnil Gorbachov might 
meet before three obstacles 
blocking the nonaatization of 
Sine-Soviet refattms had beep 
removed. 

The three obstacles cited by 
Peking are Soviet support fee 
tire Vietnamese oornpa t fon of 
Cambodia; the Russian -tova- 
smd of Afgha ni s tan; and the 


to about one cent per person, along the Sim-Soviet 


Jeweller 

arrested 


Defeat for 




7TT 

ml 


in UN bid 


From Zoriana Pysariwsky 
New York 


Mr Robert Chatwuv toe 
Midlands jeweller, has been 
arrested in the Costa Blanca 
town of Denia after felling to 
respond to a summons. 

A spokesman for the Civil 
Governor’s office m Alicante 
said that Mr Chatwm was 
arrested on Monday. He had 
been living in Denia awaiting 
trial on a smuggling charge 
since 1983, after his release : on 
provisional liberty from Ah- 
cante prison, where he had 
been held for six months. 


Miss Margaret Anstee, one 
of the highest-ranking Britons 
in the United Nations Secre- 
tariat, has faiWl in her bid to 
become executive director of 
the World Fbod Council de- 
spite British efforts to secure 
more key UN positions. 

Setter Javier Pfcrez de 
Collar, the UN Secretary 
General, instead appointed 
Mr Gerald Trant. a minister m 


I >,’7V-i . < || 

^M77«T»j] 


. Miss Anstee, as an assis tant 
secretary general, faced an 
uphill battle -against Mr Trant 
whose government argued 
tha t Canada, as a major wheat 
producer, was more deserving 
to bead the council, which 
aims to end world hunger. 

Sources said the Can adi a ns 
got a hpflri start in their 


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Reagan’s front man in the shadows 


ITHE T1MESI 


PROFILE 


JOHN M. POINDEXTER 


V ice-Admiral John M. 
Poindexter is the -invisi- 
ble man” of US policy- 
making. As the top brass 
of the Reagan administration 
gathered at the White House this 
week to watch the President report 
to the American people on the 
bombing of Libya, tbe new head of 
the National Security Council was 
conspicuously absent. 

Yet only hours before, it was 
Admiral Poindexter who briefed 
Congressional leaders on the sur- 
prise air attacks, advising them 
that there was still time to call off 
the strikes if they opposed the 
President's plan. 

The low public profile coupled 
with the strong behind-the-scenes 
performance is ** vintage 
Poindexter" according to Penta- 
gon officials. He is the very model 
of the modem military technocrat 
a highly intelligent bureaucrat 
who is so averse to publicity that 
he keeps the press at arm's length 
and public appearances to a 
minimum. His profile is so low 
that Time magazine described 
him as an apolitical insider who 
has a “blank public record”. 

On the day of his appointment 
in December as Reagan’s fourth 
national security adviser 
Poindexter made dear that he 
intended to sink back into the 
shadowy world of the NSC. He 
would use his position not to seek 
persona) political power in the 
mould of some ofhis more famous 
Dredecessors but reflected power 
jy whispering unnoticed in the 
Resident’s ear. 

In late January, just one month 
tfler assuming bis new job. and 
jefore an important televised 
tews conference, it was 
’oindexterwho briefed Reagan on 
vhat to say on issues as varied as 
-conomic sanctions against Libya, 
id to Contra rebels in Nicaragua 
nd East-West relations. The ad- 
ice was not “sugar-coated”, ac- 
ording to a senior official. 
Poindexter reportedly spoke 
lumly to the President, telling 
im: “You should not say that”. 
It would be better if you phrased 
this way”, “This is not the time 
> speak out on that issue”. 

But whether Poindexter actually 


exerts influence over the President 
on foreign policy decisions or has 
the personal authority to dispel 
the uncertainty surrounding the 
NSC's status as a policy council 
remains a subject of conjecture. 

One fact is certain. Poindexter 
will not assume tbe role as 
national security adviser that 
Henry Kissinger assumed under 
Richard Nixon or that Zbigniew 
Brzezinski enjoyed under Jimmy 
Carter. “His military training has 
taught him never to outshine a 
superior”, a US official said. 

Critics claim this was the reason 
Poindexter, at 49, was elevated 
from the number two position at 
the NSC to the top slot, replacing 
the disillusioned Robert 
McFariane. who resigned abruptly 
after repeated clashes with White 
House chief of staff Donald 
Regan. Grim-faced, McFariane 
praised the selection ofhis deputy, 
whom he described as a man 
capable under extreme pressure. 

I ndeed, it was McFariane who 
paid public tribute to Poin- 
dexter as the architect of the 
Administration's successful 
interception of an Egyptian airlin- 
er carrying four Palestinian terror- 
ists accused of hijacking the cruise 
ship, Achille Lauro. 

As head of the NSCs crisis 
centre under McFariane, he pro- 
duced the intercept plan in less 
than four hours. It was executed 
without a shot being fired. “He is 
superb in military-type 
operations”, said Philip Odeen. a 
former NSC staff aide. 

But the label that he is “Don 
Regan's man” remains attached to 
Poindexter. Administration offi- 
cials said he. unlike McFariane, 
who became an increasingly inde- 
pendent spokesman, believes in 
the chain of command. The 
Secretary of State should be the 
spokesman for foreign policy'; the 
autocratic rule of Regan as the 
doorkeeper to Ronald Reagan 
must not be breached. 

Brzezinski. a veteran of While 
House politics, was the first to 
spot the portent of Poindexter’s 
relationship to the President. “He 
said he has been assured of access 
to the President — assured by 



ibiograp 


Quiet man of action: John M. Poindexter, Reagan's national security adviser and foreign policy guide 


Donald Regan. An assurance re- 
layed from Reagan to Regan 
rather than directly from Reagan 
to Poindexter sounds like an 
assurance of precisely the sort of 
malpractice that, despite all deni- 
als. wore McFariane down”, he 
said. 

Critics contend that the con- 
stant battles over turf, due largely 
to Reagan's style of delegating 
authority, are responsible for the 
“revolving door” at the NSC 
which has led to an alarming lack 
of continuity in US foreign policy 
and security affairs. Poindexter 
replaced McFariane who succeed- 
ed William Clark who replaced 
Richard Allen — four NSC heads 
in five years. 


Despite fears over the extent of 
Poindexters authority there are 
no doubts about his considerable 
intellectual abilities. 

As a young student at the US 
Naval Academy he achieved what * 
only the legendary General Doug- 
las MacArihur had achieved be- 
fore him. Poindexter was not only 
first in his class at the Naval 
Academy but also brigade com- 
mander. Mac Arthur achieved the 
same distinctions at West Point. 

The early Navy years were good 
years for Poindexter. He married 
his college “sweetheart”, Linda 
Goodwin, a colonel's daughter, 
immediately after graduation and 
went on to earn a doctorate in 


nuclear physics at the California 
Institute of Technology. 

But it was as an aide to 
secretaries of the Navy and later 
the Chief ofNavai Operations that 
Poindexter actually made his 
mark. “He is a political admiral 
rather than one who went up 
through the fleeL He has never 
flown his flag at sea”, said a Navy 
official. 

Poindexter is a man. however, 
who knows his own mind. He 
believes, in company with Secre- 
tary of Stale George Shultz, in 
using military solutions to correct 
severe foreign policy problems 
such as terrorism. 

Although normally quiet and 
circumspect at White House meet- 


1935: Bom Washington, 

Indiana. August 12 
1958: US Naval Academy. 

BS. Married Linda 
A.Goodwfn in 

the academy chapel. Father 
of five sons. 

1961: Graduated CaWomia 
Institute of Technology 
1964: PhD In nuclear physics 
1971: Served as 

administrative assistant to 

the Secretary of the 

Navy. 


1974: Commander. USS 

197S: Executive assistant s 
Chief of Naval Operations. 

197$: Commander ofUS 
destroyer squadron 31 - 

1931: Appointed mUtery 

assistant to the President s 
Assistant for National 
Security. . 

1885: December. app^'*£ ft , _ 
National Security Adviser to 
President Reagan. 


mgs be was reportedly so frustrat- 
ed by the lack of a strong US 
response to the 1983 Lebanon 
crisis that he pushed hard for 
additional US bombing. 

In the end, even after some 
military force was used, 
Poindexter remained convinced 
that the response should have 
been stronger 

The Administration's bombing 
of Libya may remove the doubts 
over the extent of Poindexter's 
authority. He and Shultz agreed 
that there should be a military 
response to the “terrorist” activity 
of Colonel Gadaffi. The joint 
Navy-Air Force plan, which was 
approved by Reagan last week, 
was completed while Weinberger, 
who has objected to a military 
response to terrorism, was out of 
the country, officials sakt 

B ut -whether Poindexter 
has tbe stamina to 
“knock heads together” 
and wrest viabfepolicy 
options from the often conflicting 
foreign policy and military estab- 
lishments remains to be seen. 
Arms control issues will be the 
crucial test, according to former 
NSC aides. 

They noted that Poindexter 
moved with' less than deliberate 
speed in fashioning a US response 
to Soviet leader Mikhail 
Gorbachov’s proposal for a staged 
reduction of nuclear weapons. At 
one point, the Administration 
appeared paralysed by what actu- 
ally amounted to an echo from 
Moscow of Reagan's first-term 
proposals for eliminating nuclear 
arsenals. 

In fact, the NSC was created to 
draw from the complex bureau- 
cratic establishment a fast re- 
sponse to important issues. James 
V. Forrestal. the first US Secretary 
of Defence, strongly supported the 
NSCs creation as a vehicle to 
control his boss. President Harry 
S. Truman, whom Forrestal 
viewed as anu-military. But later, 
the NSC evolved into a White 


House organization, used by pres- 
idents since John F. Kennedy to 
control the diplomatic and mili- 
tary establishments. 

Succ ess ive presidents have used 
the NSC in different ways. Under 
Nixon, it was widely believed that 
Henry Kissinger elevated the job 
to die second most powerful in the 
western world 

Kissinger’s bold over policy was 
so dominant, with tbe blessing or. 
the reclusive Nixon, that the 
normally powerful US C abine t all ' 
but ceased to exist. Tbe secretaries 
of state and defence were _ kept 
occupied by meaningless inter- 
agency groups while foreign poli- - 
cy. supported by a strong NSC' 
staff, was made at tbe White 
House: 

Later, despite disclaimers. Car- ■ 
ter continued the tradition of a 
strong NSC under Brzezmski, who 
put his own stamp on US foreign 
policy. Roger Moiander. who was 
on the NSC staff under both men, 
described the way it operated 
“You were sitting inside a castle, 
you knew you were in .a key 
. position and people brought a lot 
of seriousness to the enterprise.” - 

When Reagan assumed the; 
presidency, he made it dear that-, 
be wanted change. The bureaucrat 
cies of state and defence were not • 
to be by-passed. He wanted an 
NSC with a lower profile and a- 
person in the job who would not, 
use it to attract the publicity given 
to Kissinger. Some critics claim 
the NSC has become too weak 
under Reagan. 

Others believe, however, that 
the role of the NSC should be that 
of the invisible body, a role 
Poindexter appears to have as- 
sumed. If he can remain an 
independent, honest power broker, 
who enjoys direct access to the 
President, he may provide the 
necessary continuity to US foreign; 
policy. ‘ 

Bailey Morris 



* 


\ i 



A far cry from Longbridge 


, middle-aged Japanese man- 
ger sits, face flushed, chest 
earing, his fists clenching 
nd unclenching. Finally he 
is selves into silent sobs, like 
child unable to appease his 
(Other. 

The manager, a mild, be- 
lectacled man in his forties 
is just failed the final test of 
two-week managers’ training 
mrse which is not called “a ■ 
•II camp” for nothing. 

HJs prison-like smock is 
fll covered with “shame 
idges” each one denoting a 
■jt of the course which be has 
iled to pass by graduation 
>• 

The management training 
bool is on a high platean. 
le first dusting of winter 
ow glistens from Mount 
ji’s cone overlooking the 
bool's two residential 
ildings. 

Flagging managers are sent 
this wooded mountainous 
a, imbued with yamoto 
Jti, the Japanese spirit that 
di-mysterions combination 
determination and self- 
rifioe, by companies willing 
pay almost £1,000 for two 
>ks of humiliation for their 
IT. 

is soon as they arrive at 
corporate boot camp their 
roctors quickly strip them 
/bat little individuality they 
1 retain. Business suits are 
loved in favour of white 
inks and blue trousers, 
ped off with the kind of 
gne cap that second world 
Japanese troops wore all 
f their empire, 
asno Mofohashi, the 


If British managers want to emulate 
the Japanese, they may end up 
in army-camp conditions with 
‘shame badges’ on their overalls 


school’s sleek, well-fed printi- 
paL seeks to drive tbe basics 
into his manager-pupils with a 
stiff dally routine which starts 
with a rub-down with a dry 
towel at 4 30am and finishes 
with lights out at 10.00pm. In 
between there are no newspa- 
pers. no television and no 
contact with the outside world 
except daily written reports to 
the individual's company pres- 
ident on his or her progress. 

“What we do is action- 
oriented training to correct 
basic behaviour. When they 


Showing them what 
they can’t do 


come here they think they can 
do everything but we show 
them what they can’t do”, says 
Mr Motohasbi. 

After a cup of ceremonial 
sake and pledging to them- 
selves mid their instructors 
that they will reform them- 
selves. (he students find their 
instruction is not about bal- 
ance sheets and profit mar- 
gins. cost-cutting and 
marketing bat politeness, re- 
port writing and learning by 
rote. And just for good mea- 
sure there are some rather 
bizarre confidence-building 
exercizes: like singing in front 


of a railway station at rash 
hour. 

Discipline is strict and be- 
fore they’ve been there a day 
the students hare got into the 
routine of calling out for 
permission before entering or 
leaving a room, including the 
lavatory, and going every- 
where on the double. 

Manners, said Motohasbi, 
are the key pre-requisite for 
business. “To maintain good 
relations with other people Is 
the most important thing. 

“That sort of thing isn’t 
taogbt in Japanese schools 
any more. Everyone knows 
how important it is to be polite, 
greetings are an expression of 
tbe heart If yon can greet 
people in the correct way that 
brings an activeness to the 
organization itself. 

“Japanese parents treat 
their children like pets these 
days. They don't know bow to 
love them any more”. 

Politeness leads on to a 
more positive attitude to every- 
thing, especially sales, helped 
along by some songs written 
by Mr Motohasbi and the odd 
choice slogan: “Something 
made with tears mast be sold 
with tears”. 

Every day each student is 
given 20 minutes to write a 
report of the day's events. At 


first the report remains un- 
completed at the deadline hot 
as the days pass the reports 
become neater, more readable 
and longer. “Everyone thinks 
they know bow to write a 
report hot how many can do it 
properly in practice?” 

Most students ultimately 
get through the final speech 
test which resembles nothing 
so mnch as a Chinese red 
guard self-critidsm session. 
The manager who dissolved 
into tears scraped through 
with the minimum 50 per cent 
pass mark but very few come 
close to losing all their ribbons 
of shame. In fact, only 27 per 
cent graduate at the first try. 

Most of the school's clients 
are the smaller and medium 
companies which are not able 
to set up their own in-company 
training courses but some of 


Only 27% graduate 
at first attempt 

the big firms bave sent staff on 
courses. 

Motohasbi has had 35.000 
“graduates” in the past six 
years, has quadrupled turn- 
over and has no competition in 
sight. 

The school is so popular, in 
fact, that he is planning an 
extension. Former pupils bear 
no grudges. Far from it. In 
reality the most common sight 
towards the end of a course is 
instructor and pupil in tearfol 
embrace as another hurdle is 
cleared. 

David Watts 


How 

David Fanshawe’s 
quest to make 
a musical history 
of the Pacific’s 
fading cultural 
sights and sounds 


From Avalon to Bali Hai, men 
and women have dreamed of a 
paradise that, quite apart from 
being idyllic, is a haven from 
relentless change and corrup- 
tion. where the old ways can 
live on. ' 

It was to capture some of 
that rapidly disappearing mag- 
ic that the English composer 
David Fanshawe set out five 
years ago to record the native 
music of Polynesia. Microne- 
sia and Melanesia. 

Now, 1,562 reels of tape and 
thousands of miles later, he is 
starting to compose a choral 
work that will encapsulate his 
own extraordinary experi- 
ences and those of the human 
race in the Pacific over the last 
200 years. Pacific Odyssey, as 
it will be called, is an exciting 
musical prospect. 

Fanshawe is something of a 
phenomenon among serious 
composers writing today: his 
music actually fills concert 
halls. Ever since it was written 
in 1469 his African Sancfus 
has been enormously popular. 

Fanshawe's fascination with 
foreign lands is very much in 
the tradition of the British 
explorers, except that he goes 
mainly to listen. His obsesr 


paradise was taped 


sion started when he was a 
boy. Later, in his early 20s, he 
began hitch-hiking regularly to 
the Middle East and the Gulf 

“I began to hear sounds 
around me I had never beard 
before", he relates. While a 
composition student at the 
Royal College of Music in 
1 969, he quite suddenly “got a 
message'’ to travel up the Nile, 
record tbe music there, and 
compose a Latin Mass in 
harmony with iL 

He reached Africa just in 
time, as the indigenous music 
was already dying out under 
the influence of the transistor 
radio and Western media. The 
tapes he brought back form a 
valuable archive of a culture 
that will soon be lost forever. 

Between 1981 and 1985 he 
travelled from Hawaii to New 
Zealand, from Yap to Easier 
Island in a cross-shaped jour- 
ney, reaching Tonga. Samoa, 
the Cook Islands. Tahiti, the 
Marquesas and countless 
more. 

Again Fanshawe got there in 
the nick of lime. “You get 
whole island communities 
watching seven hours of 
American video recordings a 
night at the local school, and 
nobody is singing or practising 
their traditional chants and 
dances”, he says. The Micro- 
nesian navigators, who once 
used chants to pass on their 
knowledge of wave patterns 
and stars, now put to sea with 
compasses. 

While some of the islanders 
were very concerned to find 
ways of preserving their heri- 
tage and welcomed 



New wave: David Fanshawe 


In Papaa New Guinea 
Fanshawe’s efforts, there were 
plenty of officials who ob- 
structed him for months and 
charged him fees of thousands 
of dollars for permission to 
record. 

All his adventures have 
been directed at writing Pacif- 
ic Odyssey. He has now started 
the composition, having emi- 
grated to Australia. The inspi- 
ration of the Odyssey comes 
first from a prophecy made by 
a native Tahitian priest in 
1750. that “strangers will 
come to our island shores in 
canoes without balance” 
(meaning outriggers). 

Fanshawe’s text will come 
from Tahiti. Hawaii. New 
Zealand, and other islands, 
and also from the writings of 


Robert Louis Stevenson, the 
painter Gauguin, and Captain 
Cook. 

In presenting a history of 
the Pacific, Fanshawe sees two 
“turbulences”: first, the con- 
flict between Europeans and • 
natives, including devastation 
by war and disease, human 
sacrifice, and gods being burnt . 
and thrown away, second. •_ 
World War H and its terrible 
slaughter, followed by the 
nuclear issue - the threat to the 
environment from testing and 
nudear dumping. 

In between will come one of 
Fanshawe's recordings of a 
hurricane in all its terrifying 
splendour. “Tbe environment ; 
- the elements - are very • 
important in this piece”, 
Fanshawe says. “They are 
what man is up against - the 
Creator himself”. 

Fanshawe intends the pro- ' 
raier performance of the two- 
hour work to be in the Sydney ; 
Opera House in 1988 to 
coincide with the Australian 
bicentenary. It will be a re- 
markable occasion, and - 
doubtless a record, videotape. : 
film and book will follow. - 
along with performances in 
London and elsewhere. 

There is one of Fanshawe’s 
packing cases that he wants 
never to be opened, and that 
contains the tapes from an 
island that Fanshawe is con- 
vinced is paradise. He will not 

reveal where it is, but he 
describes asking a Microne- 
sian what he felt about para- 
dise, and got the reply: “It is 1 
where I am now”. 

Rory Johnston 


IaNG iN ON HOME 

Dwn the high street. n utthe Sparks and 

SSSStar 

„u t where the famous shop for 


ELLE OUT TODAY £1 



SWEET HOME 



CONCISE CROSSWORD NO 927 


ACROSS 

8 Without auhiniasni 
(4.1) 

9 Pole (3) 

10 Great surprise (3.6) 

11 Bear (5) 

!J Rejected (7) 

16 Bondage (7) 

19 Proper customs (5) 

22 Sony (9) 

24 Hiatus (3) 

25 ConzempbtioariJ) 


DOWN 

1 Sweet child (6) 

2 Thiel deposit ft) 

3 Cut up 18) 

4 Life's work (6) 

5 Move (4) 

6 Handsome youth (6) 
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12 Fish ovary (3) 

14 Known (8) 

15 Adam's wife (3) 



16 Severe (6) 

17 Stand-in ruler (6) 

18 Bungled (6) 


20 Get hack (£) 

21 Lethargic (6) 
23 W(cfeed(4j 


SOLUTION TO NO 926 
ACROSS: I Coward 4L- 


ACKOSS. I Coward 4 Lyrics 7 Main 8 rwi,i «. . 

Set 16 Inconvenience 17 Gel 19 Entnaty jJnjL ££** 2 ^ 13 
Bnv 26 Stroke 27 Wreath y ,4E *»wsion 25 

DOWN: 1 Camp 2 Whimsical 3 Decor 4u» CD _ 

Chute 10 Ounce 11 Theft 12 Driven *.^5 5- 5 £Sg 6 
Ling 18 Edict 20 Naive 21 Renew 22Sfl?^3Myil ^ 15 



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THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 1 7 1 986 


ow s 


BOOKS 


^Pf?Y 


A post mortem from the 


X, j .7 " ■- ■ - /*| 

• ■ 4 * • -. . 1 —j, 

-V s ’ ‘^i 

* ••*■’■ 'g*. 

7’^'X 


^ Commander-in-Chief 


T ]g P«P0«. of ex-Preadent. 

Nixon m this book is to turn 
on its head the meaning of its 
tide. No More Vietnam* 
should mean. No more backing away 
&om commitments to tried and 
™g> “““M* Nguyen Van Thieu, 
“®ri’ ^ ut ^ ieTe I am guessing, 
Ferdinand Marcos." The laatohSS 

JfTqSS atthe end 

of 1984, so the Philippine example 
does not come m for analysis. The 
islands are mentioned, though, as an 
example of a place where a guerrilla 
movement las been successfully 
crushed, which — like several other 
arguments in the book - is true in its 
way. Guerrilla movements have been, 
from lime to time. successfully 
crushed m the Philippines. And then - 
to and behold — there’s another one: 


- ’V-v - . 

; V £>• 


■* 


James Fenton on 
Nixon’s account 
of how the US 
won the war 
and lost the peace 


NO MORE VIETNAMS 

By Richard Nixon 
WM. Allen, £10.95 


.. ‘ "x 

- i 


~ • j> .• 

• ■* - ._ j 


* «■>: 

*• >t 






■ > .- * 


A central contention of Nixon's is 
that at the time of the signing of the 
™is Peace Agreement, in January 
1973, the American war in Vietnam 
had been won. The chapter called 
“How We Won The War*’ is followed, 
of course, by “How We Lost The 
Peace”. But the difference between 
peace and war in this account isnot at 
ways easy to perceive. The “peace” 
that was lost (chiefly through the 
efforts of Congress and the medi a) was 
lost because the Americans failed to 
provide the South Vietnamese with 
enough materiel to enforce the peace 
fi e. fight) because the President of the 
United States was no longer able, 
under the terms of the War Powers 
Act, to wage war (i.e. bomb the North) 
without consulting Congress. ' 

interestingly enough. President 
Thieu, in Nixon's account, did not 
believe in the agreement that was 
being negotiated -toy Kissinger. The 
South Vietnamese “were exhibiting a 
surprising awe of Communist cunning 
and a disquieting lack of confidence in 
them selves,” says Nixon: 


The negotiated ceasefire would be a 
fig-leaf for a deferred capitulation. As 
events turned' out, the decent interval 
lasted a couple of years. If the Paris 
Peace Agreement had been merely a 
fig-leaf, it would in Nixon's view have 
been grossly immoral So it is in his in- 
terest to say that it was workable 
(although it could have been better if 
Congress had allowed if to be better). 

When it suits Nixon's argument, he 
wiU express surprise ax the feet that 
Thieu thought the North Vietnamese 
to be awesomely cunning. Elsewhere 
he will happily claim that they were 
cunning and intransigent, determined 
to invade and control the South, and 
that they had been like this for years 
and years. 


A Q that time. Nixon had 
advocated the correct ap- 
proach to Indochina: the 
Americans should have in- 
tervened on behalf of the French at 
Dien Bien Phu, using their air power 
to destroy Giap's forces; they should 
have realized that Diem was a 
powerful and popular nationalist lead- 
er, and they should not have conspired 
to overthrow him, despite his excesses 
(many of which were the tabulations 
of duped raediamen). • 

Nixon visited Indochina several 
times over the years. He emphasizes 
how deeply he felt about the war, and 
how deeply right about it he was. 
Strikingly though, he does not appear 
to notice very much either about the 
nature of the Thieu regime, or about 
the overall , progress of the war. Just as 
the “peace” achieved by the Paris 
agreement; turned out to be a war, so 
the victory of the American troops in 
'crushing the 1 968 Tet offensive turned 
out to be a kind of defeat. Nixon is 
very angry, at the media for the way 
they, portrayed Tet He rightly points, 
out that the hoped-for uprising in the 
south had failed to take. . Tet was a 
bloody -and postly demonstration by 
the Communists, which seriously 
weakened- tbeir movement But when 
you've;, said that, .you. have also to 
admit that' by 1972 the 1 North Viet- 
namese were back in shape, and able 
to mount another spectacular offen- 
sive. It was this ability of the NVA 
always in the end to come back that 


It was clear that they were having 


great difficulty with the prospect of 
cutting the American umbilical cord, 
As Kissinger saw. it, we were up 
against a paradoxical situation in 
which North Vietnam, which had in 


effect lost the war, was acting as if it 
had won, while South Vietnam, 
which had effectively won the war, 
was acting as if it had lost. 


Nixon and Kissinger forced Thieu to 
sign the agreement with the threat that 
if he did not do so they would sign it 
without him. “It was not perfect,” says 
Nixon. “It had some major weakness- 
es. I wish I could have negotiated a 
better one.” 


Bask- Mi? 


i taped 


The reason for stressing the victoiy 
of American objectives in Vietnam is 
that Nixon warns to dissociate himself 
from those who arpioJ that, between 
withdrawal of American troops and- 
the eventual, inevitable collapse of the 
US-backed regimes m Indochina, 
’here should be a “decent Interval”. 



led people to see that the war was 
unwinnable. 

Nixon is fatally optimistic about 
facts: 


Drug use war a widespread problem 
for the generation growing up in the 
1960s. It was not appreciably worse 


1960s. It was not appreciably worse 
among military personnel in Viet- 
nam than among those stationed in 
other countries or among draff-age 
civilians in the United States. Among 
students at Harvard College in 1968, 
75 per cent had smoked marijuana or 
‘ used hard drugs. ' In 1971, a . survey 
showed that 50.9 per cent of army 
personnel in Vietnam had smoked 
marijuana and that 28.5 percent had 
used hard drugs, like heroin or 
opium. Few were truly addicted, and 


These figures do not, unfortunately, 
knock on the head the myth of the 
demoralized pot-smoking GL They 
merely make us glad that the Harvard 
Gass of *68 were not thrown into 
battle. 


The whole book is like this. There 
are no notes, and the list of books 
consulted is very brief One would not 
read such a woik in order to find out 
about what happened in Vietnam. But 
one can learn, perhaps, a bit about 
what Nixon doesn’t understand about 
the war. “We let Ho Chi Minh fight 
the war at his leisure, on our turf, on 
his terms.” But it wasn't iheir turf. 


The evolution of a nonentity into a Holy Cow 


In one of the nastier notices 
she wrote, in a lifetime of 


Fiona MacCarthy 


Caryl Brahms lashed oat at 
Pamela May, the ballerina, 
starring in a lacklustre Lac dex 
Cygnes: “That lake of hers Hes 
somewhere between South 
Kensington and Streatham.” 
One hopes Pamela May mis- 
understood its true signifi- 
cance. For the worst place in 
the world, to Caryl Brahms, 
was Streatham. Streatham 
was obtivion, a condition of the 
sooL 

This is a 'bracing book, 
rather appallingly enjoyable, 
the last of the Brahnts-and- 
Sherrin double acts, in which 
Ned Sherrin puts together 
Brahms's unfinished memoirs, 
adding in her wartime diary, 
the best thing she ever wrote. 
It is a fin* example of the rise- 
above-it story, the escape- 
from-Streathaia saga. Miss 
Brahms rose way away from 
her luxnrions Jewish faack- 


TOO DIRTY FOR 
THE WINDMILL. 
A Memoir of 

- Caryl Brahms 
By Caryl Brahms and 
Ned Sherrin 

Constable, £12.95 


ground though a series of 
subterfuges and disguises: by 
changing her name from. Doris 
Caroline Abrahams; by haring 
an abortion, which she used to 
describe proudly, in the rather 
louche and shady Hotel Mar- 
tinez, Cannes^ by getting a cofl 
fitted in the Hampstead of the 
Thirties by Edith SummersloU 
(Whose peremptory manner 
discouraged her tor ever from 
signing up for socialism). One 
of her greatest triumphs, 
which, again, she liked to 
dwell on,. was the rejection, as 


“too dirty for the Windmill”, 
of a sketch she had submitted 
to an impresario indistinguish- 
able from a Caryl Brahms 
Invention: viz. Vivian Van 
Damn. 

There were two halves to her 
life. First her long collabora- 
tion with S. J. Simon, known 
(uproariously) as “Skid", on a 
famous series of extremely 
connc novels. Two of these, A 
Ballet in the Ballet and No Bed 
for Bacon, have just been 
reissued by the Hogarth 
Press. 1 have never liked these 
boohs, which were prescribed 
Sunday reading at the Buck- 
inghamshire boarding school I 
went to. Bring on the 
Dostoevsky was my feeling at 
the time. I do not like mem 
now. They still seem very 
heavy-handed. Their peak of 
popularity was wartime. 
Enough said. After S. J. 
Simon came the young Ned 
Sherrin. From the Fifties on- 
rtards be and Caryl Brahms 


worked intermittently success- 
fully on musicals, on stories, 
most productively perhaps on 
Ttust Was The Week That 
Was. Skid and Sherrin, in 
their ways, come over equally 
appallingly, and I have been 
wondering which, given the 
choice, I should least like as 
my collaborator: Skid, un- 
punctual, shambling. Wood- 
bine-smoking bridge fanatic, 
greyhound-fancier, and comic 
womanizer; or Sherrin, well- 
described by Brahms herself 
as “a brilliantly able boy but 
self-destructive”. 

The key to this of course is 
that as a nightmare figure La 
Brahms, as she liked to style 
herself, could easily knock 
both her partners sideways (if 
not into a tricorne). The main 
interest of this book is as a tale 
off evolution of a relative 
nonentity into a persona, the 
gradual creation of a formida- 
ble image which was really 
pretty good. 


Caryl Bra runs oever said 
die. There is x/me thing rather 
touching, although madden- 
ingly corny, in her indomita- 
bfliiy. Few things struck her as 
impossible. For instance, late 
cm in the Fifties, in a lull in 
professional activity (of which, 
we discover, there were many 
in her life) she had the 
inspiration for a three-handed 
drama, to feature two men plus 
Diana Dors confined in a 
small space tor an extended 
period. This play she referred 
to as Lost in a Lighthouse. Her 
chosen collaborator was John 
Os home. He refused. 

The book ends in a poem, a 
lament for Caryl Brahms by 
her unexpected cousin. Peter 
Levi. It is rather a good poem, 
or anyway no worse than the 
Oxford Poetry Professor 
ongbt to be producing. But its 
inclusion here is somehow 
terribly embarrassing. Also a 
bit ironic, as if Streatham 
strikes again. 


SATURDAY 


NIL 

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DOMINIQUE LAPIERRE 

CENTURY 


For 25 years Norman Si John- 
Sievas has laboured on one of 
Ihe most remarkable achieve- 
ments of collecting and editing 
in literary history. With the 
publication of die last four 
volumes we musi now have 
just about everything extant 
that Bagehot wrote. The re- 
search has been prodigious; 
the notes and comments of the 
editor are illuminating and 
entertaining. 


A prince 

of 

journos 


with afresh mind, you will 
find some new pregnant hint 
_ some new elucidatory 
anecdote - some odd trait oj 
out-of-the-way human fife 


The more one reads, the 
greater the lament that Bage- 
hot died at 51 with so much 
left to tell the world. His 
letters can be tedious: but 
nothing that he wrote for 
publication is tedious. It all 
lives, though ihe events it 
deals with may be dead. 


Woodrow Wyatt 


Politicians still complain that 
personalities are more dis- 
cussed than issues. They 
should read Bagehoi- 

Wbether Bagehot was best 
as a banker, an economist, a 
constitutional theorist, or an 
editor I do not know. But 
there has never been his equal 
as a journalist. He had curios- 
ity and knowledge, and a dear 
and powerful brain enabling 
him to make the obvious seera 
original, directing the reader's 
mind from fantasy to feci, and 
keeping him alert with fre- 
quent epigrams. 

He despised those who ad- 


THE COLLECTED 
WORKS OF 
WALTER BAGEHOT 
Volumes XII to XV 
Edited by Norman 
$t Johu-Stevas 
The Economist. £160 


vised young people to “steer 
dear of the trash of the day”, 
and to confine their reading to 
the perusal of good books and 
standard authors. Bagehot 
thought the trash of the day 
was just the stuff to stimulate 
the mind: and there was 
nothing more valuable for this 
purpose than a good 
newspaper 


You may read it over careful- 
Iv till you think you have 
finished it. yet if, an hour 
afterwards, you take it up 


Readers of this newspaper will 
be encouraged by adflres * 
to the Langport Literary and 
Scientific Institution, iti whidt 
he urged his audience to make 
it a rule to read the whole of 
The Times, including thead- 
vertisemenis. every day. They 
would then know what the 
world was really about. 

Bagehot was incapable of 
cant or hypocrisy, of dressing 
up brilliant ideas with stilted, 
pedantic language in order to 
impress the reader with his 
academic profundities. Ail is 
genuine and easy to under- 
stand He may not have been 
the greatest Victofian, as G.M. 
Young wrote; but he came 
very near it. 

These four volumes cost 
£160. But you can have the 
complete works, vols I to XV. 
for £400: still too much for the 
general reader, particularly the 
young, whom Bagehot most 
wanted to influence towards 
sensible thinking. Perhaps the 
Department of Education 
might consider subsidizing 
their sale to teachers, so many 
of whom seem to fill their 
pupils with sloppy thoughts 
about politics. 


Terrible beauty of Passover 


most had used hard drugs before 
being sent to I 'ietnam. 


JuJv 1943. and Eastern Europe 
is 2 t the merry of marauders. 
Some are officially combat- 
ants. German or Russian; 
many are partisans, of differ- 
ing nationalities and persua- 
sions. but with one aim in 
common: to survive. Men live 
(ike wolves, enduring appall- 
ing privations in snow-bound 
marshes and holes beneath the 
ground; a thread of smoke can 
alert the hunters of men. 
whose choicest quarry is the 
Jew. So Jews too band togeth- 
er. io become the toughest and 
most cunning of partisans. 
Russian, Polish, displaced for 
ever by the shifting of bound- 
aries and allegiances, they 
have something else to aim for 
as the war draws to a close. 
Not for them the slow, grim 
reclamation of homelands 
devastated by years of war- 
fare. but a new challenge, “to 
make fertile the sterile land of 
Palestine, plant orange trees 
and olive trees in the desen. 
and make it fruitful." 


FICTION 


Isabel Raphael 


IF NOT NOW, WHEN? 
By Primo Levi 
Translated by 

William Weaver 

Michael Joseph. £10.95 

THE PEARLKJLLERS 


The deceptively simple style 
proves engrossing. Levi — well 
served by bis translator. Wil- 
liam Weaver — is a master 
whose hand never slips, bal- 
ancing character and action, 
dialogue and description, to 
create credibility and tension 
io the end. A terrible novel, 
with a terrible beauty. 


By Rachel Ingalls 

Faber. £9.95 


Faber, £9.95 

SMALL REBELLIOUS 
ACTS 

By Sally Beattie 

Anare Deuisch. £8.95 


If Sot Sow, H 'hen? tells how 
Mendel, a Russian Jew draft- 
ed into the Red Army and 
missing, a straggler, since 
1942. makes his way to join 
Gedaleh. the maverick peas- 
ant leader straight out of 
Chagall, who had headed the 
revolt in the Kossovo ghetto, 
and whose life had been saved 
by his violin. Young men and 
girls, in their teens and early 
twenties and yet as old as 
time, fight their way through 
u iimaginable horrors - bat- 
tle. betrayal, and sudden 
death, the last most bitter 
when war has ended and 
safety lies so close - to Italy 
and a passage across the 
Mediterranean. As they strug- 
gle to keep body and soul 
together, slowly and tentative- 
1\ bonds grow strong between 
them, bonds of interdepen- 
dence and respect ripening to 
the sort of love that knows 
there is no armour against 


fete, and that there will be no 
time for survivors to mourn 
before moving on. 

There is warmth and a 
tenacious hope in these peo- 
ple. bom not of sentiment but 
of an age-old unity that tran- 
scends the political and na- 
tionalistic loyalties of other 
partisans, and is tempted to- 
wards despair only once: not 
among the corpses on the 
Mountains of the Holy Cross, 
or at the laager where the 
smelt of burning flesh tells 
them they have come too late, 
but in another, liberated camp 
where the living take their 
own lives. The end of the 
march coincides with another 
ending, as the atomic bomb 
fells on Hiroshima; but it is 
also a beginning, with a new 
life surviving against all the 
odds, a Joshua to pass into the 
Promised Land. 


Ignore the sensational cover 
on Rachel Ingalls's new collec- 
tion of stories. The 
Pearlkillcrs. which hints vul- 
garly at Hammer horrors and 
unnatural acts. Although the 
third and least successful story 
strays into the Gothic, by far 
the best here is the first, which 
is set in common-sense New 
England and the clear bright 
light of Egypt. Ms Ingalls 
excels in suggestion, and the 
muted passions of “Third 
Time Lucky" make a far 
greater impact than the bizarre 
violence of the other three 
pieces in this book. These 
struck me as powerful but 
heartless, the last merely a 
contorted variation on a well- 
worn theme. But the first is 
not to be missed, for its 
piercing perception of pain 
and the healing of the spirit 


To call this an adventure is 
not to diminish the signifi- 
cance of Primo Levi’s novel. It 
rings so true that I was 
convinced by every detail, and 
absurdly shaken to realize at 
the end that it was indeed 
fiction, however well ground- 
ed in fact. 1 knew these people, 
and 1 wanted to know more. 


Sally Beattie's second novel 
Small Rebellious Acts, is quite 
enchanting. Set in a girls' 
school it chronicles subver- 
sion and discipline side by 
side, surface tranquillity and 
seething discontent: life as we 
all know it good, character- 
building stum funny and sad 
and tender. Sally Beattie 
avoids St Trinian's caricature, 
and deftly and sympathetical- 
ly (and wonderfully economi- 
cally) takes the reader behind 
the irreproachable twin-sets, 
the scratchy uniforms, and 
even the green-baize door into 
the hearts of her characters. 


The happiest days of our 
lives? Well, perhaps not but 
well worth revisiting in such a 
sharp and subtle book. 


Pooter live 
and well 


Make sure of your copy of 


Joseph Connolly 


THE COLLECTED 
LETTERS 

OF A NOBODY 

Bv Keith Waterhouse 

Michael Joseph. £9.95 


TLS 


The Times Literary Supplement 


This follow-on from Mrs 
Footer's Diary (1983) is only 
marginally less successful in 
that whereas the existence of 
dear Carrie’s version of 
events, immortalized in the 
Grossmith original, was 
alluringly feasible, here we 
must assimilate the likelihood 
(language is contagious) that 
Pooter duplicated each and 
every one of his letters prior to 
dispatch on the Ee-zee-kopi 
patent copying machine (on 
the Jellygraph principle, natu- 
rally enough). It must be said, 
however, that this is exactly 
the son of thing he would have 
done, sincerely believing his 
outpourings (variously uppity, 
grovelling, conciliatory, and 
endearingly pompous) too 
good to lose sight of for ever. 

As Waterhouse says in one 
of the articles gathered togeth- 
er in last year's Waterhouse At 
Large. “You don't deliver a 
wardrobe when the customer 
ordered a bed.*' We ordered a 
loving-seat, and here it is: we 
can now spoon with the 
Poolers a little longer. 


THET1MI 


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f 


THE TIMES 
DIARY 


Lamont’s 

defence 


Poor Norman Lament. Minister 
for Defence Procurement. One 
mention of the word Westland 
and he seems to have a blackout. 
Yesterday he was being ques- 
tioned on the affair by the 
Commons Defence Committee: 
Why had be also considered 
resigning when Michael Heseltine, 
his chief, flounced out of the 
Cabinet in January? Was it per- 
sonal loyalty or dissatisfaction 

_ AT '^1 AmjI kmu Cn/lrt 


said unhappily. Personal loyalty 
had been his main motive; he 
could not remember how soon he 
had put the temptation behind 
him. “You are not the first 
minister before us to plead a faulty 
memory,** said Labour’s John 
Gilbert. 


On target 


Following an after-dinner speech 
by the Home Secretary, Douglas 
Hurd, on Tuesday, guests at the 
Reform Club were startled when 
asked to take an impromptu vote 
on whether the Americans were 
right to bomb Libya. In the club's 
finest traditions of liberalism, or 
perhaps in response to the tough 
line on law and order in Hurd’s 
speech, the vote was a resounding 
yes. At one point the Home 
Secretary was asked about his 
attitude to the French and Spanish 
ban on Fills flying over they 
territory. Before he could answer, 
a wit interjected: “Considering the 
accuracy of the bombing it was the 
only wise thing to da" 


• Advertisment Caking on a new 
meaning: “Feel like a change? 
Something new? Thinking of going 
abroad with ease and comfort? 
Why not do ft Rons Ids way this 
weekend? 1 * Manx Airlines accepts 

responsibility. 


Air cargo 


While American bombs were 
raining on Tripoli, the Depart- 
ment of Trade and Industry was 
busy putting out a press release 
about “visible” export opportu- 
nities in the Middle East. And the 
junior employment minister, Alan 
dark, speaking at the 25th 
anniversary lunch of the Middle 
East Association, said trade was 
better than ever with Britain's 
third biggest export market. 


Don’t all rush 


The National liberal Club, that 
“historic London club in the heart 
of Whitehall”, is so hard up that it 
is placing newspaper ads for new 
members. The club has gone 
downhill since the police in- 
vestigations in the late 1970s into 
alleged homosexual assaults and 
alleged misappropriation of funds. 
Membership has plummeted from 
7,000 to a mere 2,500. Yesterday 
the club toW me the only require- 
ment is to be Alliance or non- 
poliiicaL Some, of course, would 
say the two are much the same. 


BARRY FANTON1 


a 



BLANK 
r TAPE 
GLEVY 


‘Stockhausen's happy — his lat- 
est work is two bears of silence' 


Cover plus 


Here's a nasty Americanism we 
should nip in the bud. Callers to 
the Bisbopsgate insurance com- 
pany in Cardiff are now treated to 
“Hallo, my name is Julie (or Andy 
or whatever). How can 1 help 
you?” at the start of every 
conversation. As one revolted 
diem put it to me. the mock- 
intimate formula would be more 
appropriate to waitresses in ham- 
burger joints. The company, 
maintaining that staff are merety 
told to identify themselves, says 
that so far there has been nothing 
but praise from customers. Next it 
will be “Have a nice day." 


Blocks office 



. A Mjt~a i. uV'ki 


.owm i ru'jtsii. I / i>OU 




Libya: Owen Harries on the price of allied opposition; Ronald Butt counts the cost to the Tories^ 


* 

■** . ' 


When President Reagan appeared 
on television on Monday night to 


he came across as effectively as 
ever. But for once he was up- 
staged. By far and away the most 
dramatic thing about the admin- 
istration's presentation was the 
map used tv the Defence Sec- 
retary, Caspar Weinberger, to 
show the route taken by the 
British-based Fl-lls. 

The line went around Brittany, 
the Bay of Biscay and the Iberian 
peninsula, through the Straits of 
Gibraltar and on across the Medi- 
terranean. Nowhere between Brit- 
ain and Libya did it touch land, 
though most of the land involved 
was that of America's Nato allies. 

According to Weinberger, the 
route taken was about 1,200 
nautical miles longer than a direct 
flight across France, which is if 
anything an under-estimation. But 
even (hat figure represents 2,400 
extra miles of night flying and 
repeated inflight refuelling. 

The etching of this line on the 
mind of the American people is 
likelv to be the most enduring and 


Line of shame 
that Nato 
will regret 


likely to be the most enduring and 
imnortant consequence of the 


important consequence of the 
Libyan episode. It is a shameful 
line. It demonstrates, in the most 
graphic way possible, how Amer- 
ica’s European allies, other than 
Britain, view Nato. On a question 
as clearcut as terrorism, with 
smoking-gun evidence of 
Gadaffi's complicity, the Europe- 
ans were unwilling to co-operate 
with their major ally and protec- 
tor, even to the extent of letting 


American aircraft use their air- 
space. On the contrary, their main 
concern seems to have been to 
distance themselves as hr as 
possible from Washington. 

An increasing number of 
American intellectuals and poli- 
ticians have already become thor- 
oughly disenchanted with Nato. 
The newly isolationist liberal left 
dislikes the commitments it en- 
tails. Interventionist conser- 
vatives and neo-conservatives feel 
constrained by it. Budget-cutters, 
recognizing the large percentage of 
US military spending which goes 
to Natojregard it hungrily. 

Many are outraged by the cheap 
ride that Europe demands. But up 
to now the American-in-the-street, 
confused by the technical argu- 
ments, figures, and acronyms 
involved, has not been moved. 
The stark simplicity of Wein- 
berger's map may change that 

Immediately after Reagan, 
Weinberger and George Shultz, 


the Secretary of State, had finished 
their television appearance on 
Monday, British pundits began 
appearing to explain what a 
dreadful mistake it all was. 

Of course, terrorism was awful 
and Gadaffi unspeakable. But this 
was quite the wrong way to go 
about things. It would make a hero 
of him... unite the Arabs,, 
embarrass Egypt, strengthen the 
Soviets . . . dreadful mistake by 
Thatcher . . . price to pay, retali- 
ation, escalation . . . 

Two things stood out in all this. 
First, the concern about every- 
one’s reaction to America's action, 
but no concern about America’s 
reaction to others — particularly 
to Europe's behaviour. This in- 
clination to take America for 
granted and to be sensitive only 
towards the views of adversaries 
and to domestic political pressures 
is unfortunately typical Anything 
else is likely to be reviled as 
subservience to Washington. 

It is one of Mrs Thatcher's great 


strengths that she is impervious to 
such nonsense. Her countrymen 
may one day have cause 20 be 
grateful for that and for the fond of 
goodwill she has built in America 
as a result. 

Second, unspoken but palpable, 
was the familiar sense ofEuropean 
superiority, of distaste for the 
dangerous crudeness of the Ameri- 
can approach to international 
problems. However, the crucial 
difference between the United 
States and its major European 
allies is not one of culture or 
sophistication, but of power and 
responsibility. Really great powers 
confront problems and are con- 
cerned to solve them: others 
usually evade them for as long as 
possible. 

It might be remembered that 
when Britain was truly great, it 
took on, at considerable cost and 
over a long period, the task of 
suppressing the stave trade and 


piracy. It was not averse to using 
force to do so, re aliz i ng that 
nothing else was likely to get the 
job done, and was not particularly 
scrupulous about respecting inter- 
national law in the process. In 
retrospect, the successful perfor- 
mance of this task stands as one of 
the most worthy endeavours in 
British foreign policy; it is one well 
worth bearing in mind when 
contemplating America’s response 
to terrorism. 


The author is editor of The 
National Interest, a Washington- 
based foreign policy magazine. 


John Carlin reports on Latin American fears over the Contras 


Mexico City 

Since President Reagan vowed in 
1981 to “draw the line against 
communism” in Central America, 
the region has experienced the 
fastest military growth rate in the 
world, outpacing even the Middle 
East. According to the London- 
based Institute of Strategic Stud- 
ies. the number of men under 


arms — including rebel groups — 
has grown in the past five years 


has grown in the past five years 
from 66,000 to more than 
200.000. And this in a total 
population of only 22 million in 
the region’s five Spanish-speaking 
countries; Guatemala. £i Sal- 
vador, Honduras, Costa Rica and 
Nicaragua. 

The Reagan administration, to 
counter what it sees as a threat by 
Nicaragua to spread left-wing 
revolution right up to the US 
border, has provided its Central 
American allies with millions of 
dollars of military assistance and 
has even helped create the Nica- 
raguan Contra rebel force of some 
15.000 men. 

The Soviet Union, in turn, has 
poured tanks, helicopter gunsbips 
and artillery into Nicaragua, 
where the Sandinista army is now 
the biggest in Central America. 

The democratic governments of 
Latin America as a whole, witness- 
ing what they fed could explode 
into an all-out Vietnam-style re- 
gional war. have been mobilizing 
since the beginning of the year to 
promote negotiation and peace. A 
flurry of meetings of their 
Contadota group, ministerial vis- 
its to Washington, joint state- 
ments and alarmed declarations 
from presidents Aifonsin, Garcia, 
De fa Madrid and others have 
countered President Reagan's 
apparently growing conviction 
that the only language the 
Sandinistas understand is that of 
the gun. Yesterday, the Pana- 
manian foreign minister claimed a 
fresh breakthrough. 

An important point, however, 
that many people have perhaps 
foiled to grasp is that the Latin 
Americans do see the Sandinista 
revolution as a problem, even if 
they do not talk about it in 
Washington's apocalyptic terms. 
The conservative, strictly capital- 
ist Latin American democracies 
are certainly concerned at the 
presence of Cuban. Soviet and 
Libyan advisers in Nicaragua. 

“Mexico is not pro-Sandinista. 
We do, of course, fear the spread 
of left-wing radicalism,” a Mexi- 
can official told me recently. “It’s 
precisely for reasons of pragr 
matism and self-interest that we’re 
pushing Comadora as opposed to 
a military solution.” 

The Contadora group, which 


Noting that the British cinema 
industry was one branch of 
showbiz which had done virtually 
nothing for the Band Aid appeal 
British Film Year recently put the 
idea of a Film Aid Day to the 
industry. It met with some initial 
encouragement, but hopes have 
now been dashed by the 
“unanimous” rejection by the 
cinema’s all industry marketing 
committee of plans to send a day’s 
admissionfees to Ethiopia. Tom 
Nicholas, chairman of the 
committee, told me that the idea 
had seemed acceptable in prin- 
ciple but there were great logistical 
problems. “We think the film 
chains couldn't agree on which 
day to hold the event”, said a 
singularly unimpressed Film Year 



Where Reagan 
can still 
show restraint 


started off with four nations — 
Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela and 
Panama — was bolstered at the 
end of last year by the addition of 
four more: Argentina. Brazil, Pern 
and Uruguay, the so-called sup- 
port group. What Contadora has 
come to mean is not just some 
woolly, abstract commitment to 
peace, as its detractors say, but an 
attempt to achieve peaceful co- 
existence with the new and dis- 
concerting phenomenon rep- 
resented by the left-wing 
Sandinistas. 


So Washington's fears are essen- 
tially the same as those of the 
Latin Americans. The difference 
between them is that the latter 
believe they can find a diplomatic 
mechanism to prevent what is, 
after all an economically crippled 
nation of only three million 
people from exporting revolution. 

The country that has most to 
fear from the Sandinistas is Hon- 
duras. from whose borders the 
Contra rebels launch their attacks. 
The US even claimed last month 
that Nicaragua had “invaded” it 
Yet even impoverished Hon- 
duras, pitifully dependent on US 
money, is making it known it is 
not comfortable with Reagan’s 
policies. The country’s new presi- 
dent, Jose Azcona. said last week- 
end that while he was concerned at 


the possible consolidation bf a 
Marxist system in Nicaragua, be 
still feh a Contadora agreement 
could solve the problem. 

“We do not wish any ill to the 
Sandinista government.” he said. 
“Mr Reagan knows perfectly well 
that Honduras does not want war 
with Nicaragua.” 

Philip Habib. Reagan’s new 
special envoy for Central America, 
recently said that the Latin Ameri- 
can governments “privately" sup- 
ported Reagan's policy. He 
suggested that for internal political 
reasons they were bound to adopt 
anti-American postures. 

To test this theory, the Speaker 
of the Democrat-controlled House 
of Representatives, Thomas 
“Tip” O’Neill toured four Latin 
American nations last week. On 
his return he said he was con- 
vinced that “everybody was op- 
posed to United Sates policy” in 
Central America -and opposed 
specifically to Reagan’s request for 
aid to the Contras. 

In view of the certainty, ac- 
cepted even by the Pentagon, that 
foe Sandinistas will neutralize the 
rather rag-tag Contra army how- 
ever much US money it receives, 
the Latin Americans are more and 
more concerned these days about 
the possibility of direct US mili- 
tary action against Nicaragua. 

What alarms the Latin Ameri- 


Dnblin 

After years of critical often hos- 
tile. surveillance of their methods, 
the beleaguered Royal Ulster 
Constabulary could be forgiven 
for smiling wryly at the sudden 
prospect of a similar scrutiny of 
the Irish Republic's Garda 
Siochana. 

Praise is being taivished on the 
Garda for its success in freeing the 
kidnapped Mrs Jennifer 
Guinness: but when the euphoria 
has worn off. a number of nagging 
questions will be revived about 
the effectiveness of the 11.800- 
strong force. 

Confidence has been under- 
mined by a series of incidents 
ranging from a security lapse at the 
home of the prime minister to the 
chaotic scenes in and around a 
Dublin department store when 
police moved in last month to 
arrest the terrorist suspect Evelyn 
Gienholtnes. 

In the latter incident, displayed 
on television, a nervous plain- 
clothes officer fired three random 
shots and the police looked far- 
cical iy inept. An opposition 
spokesman said it was a “national 
humiliation". But only a few days 
before the abduction of Mis 
Guinness, the justice minister. 
Alan Dukes, had effectively 
cleared the police of incom- 
petence. 

Events such as these reinforced 
the suspicion of critics that the 
force lacks discipline and a strong 
command structure. No wonder 
there are people, not necessarily 
friends of the RUC, who 
favourably compare the northern 
force with the Garda. 

Its own newspaper. The Garda 
Review, called for well-rehearsed 


Richard Ford on the concern in Dublin over 
policing, despite the Guinness release 


Gunning for 
the Garda 


■ plans for dealing with likely 
rH> I situations, and went om : “We 


sometimes show a lack of single- 
mindedness and cohesion when 
called on to act as a team. 
Somehow the line of command 
where it exists in the first instance, 
becomes interrupted under pres- 
sure and we do not seem to have 
learned how to overcome that 
problem." 

In recent years the Garda, which 
is mainly unarmed has had plenty 
of examples from which to learn. 
In 1983, after police rescued the 
last major kidnap victim. Don 
Tidey. they put a “ring of steel" 
around the woods where be was 
foundbut the kidnappers still 
slipped away. Worse followed: 
suspects escaped by the front door 
of a house as armed police 
approached the back. 

Formed to police an 
overwhelmingly rural society, the 
force now feces the spillover 
effects of the troubles in the North: 
the ever-present threat from 
subversives, drug-traffickers and 
large-scale crime, especially in the 
Dublin area. 

The economic boom that trans- 
formed the Republic in the 1960s 
brought urbanization to a point 
where one-third of the population 
now lives in the greater Dublin 
area. But there was no reform of 
the police force to enable it to deal 


effectively with the consequent 
pressures and problems. 

Although the Garda has re- 
ported an 8.5 per cent fall in the 
number of crimes last year and 
seems to have stemmed the rising 
tide of drug abuse and joy-riding 


car thefts, Michael Murray, sec- 
retary of the Association of Garda 


retary of the Association of Garda 
Sergeants and Inspectors, says: 
“We cannot go on policing a lato- 
20th-century society with a police 
force modelled on the late )9tb 
century. We must be given the 
laws to do the job and a system 
that is practical and effective. The 
message to government is: give us 
the proper tools and let us get on 
with the job," t 

Unlike the British police, the 
Garda is a national force under 
central control, with the appoint- 
ment of every officer above 
superintendent subject to cabinet 
approval With such a system, and 
in so small a country, the force has 
inevitably been susceptible to 
political interference, real and 
imagined. 

Garret FitzGerald's coalition 
government has foiled to fulfil its 
promise to set up an independent 
police authority which, h was 
hoped, would reduce the ride of 
political meddling and improve 
administration and morale. 


Mrs Thatcher s 
rash support 


<\W 


cans is that if the region does 
become “another Vietnam” that 
would pose a much greater threat 
than the possible spread of left- 
wing revolution. 

The Sandinista government has 
repeatedly made dear that if it is 
overthrown it will not only take to 
the mountains of Nicaragua, but 
will ignore all national boundaries 
and cany the war to the United 
States and its allies. Pure 
Marxist/Leninist theorists wel- 
come such a prospect Political 
sentiment in Latin America would 
inevitably polarize. 

In a region as poor as this, there 
is great susceptibility to left-wing 
rhetoric; a great disposition for a 
sharpening of the deep-seated 
resentment against the wealthy 
United States. Hence a recent 
declaration from the Comadora 
eight, all of which are ideologically 
pro-US. saying there was an , 
“imperative need” for an end to 
support for the Contras. ] 

A US-engineered ousting of The j 
Sandinista regime would also raise , 
the possibility of an increased j 
Soviet-Cuban role in Central : 
America. The East-West nature of 
the conflict will become less ! 
ambiguous if US support for the 
Contras increases. President Cas- 
tro recently declared that be would 
match any new Contra aid bullet-, 
for-bullet in support of the 
Sandinistas. 

At the US State Department, 
the assistant secretary in charge of 
Latin America, Elliot Abrams, 
baldly affirmed last month that 
the Comadora nations were wrong 
and the Contras were right. 1 
Abrams's statement put into dear 
relief the gap between the US and 
Latin American view of bow to i 
tackle the problem. I 


The structure of (he force has 
changed little since the days of the 
pre-independence Royal Irish 
Constabulary, and it suffers, when 
compared with the RUC, from a 
lack of resources which has hin- 
dered technical development and 
better training 

The Garda Association, which 
represents rank-and-file members, 
remains critical of the way 
successive governments have 
largely ignored a study carried out 
15 years ago which criticized the I 
initial 22-week training pro- 
gramme as too brief and too much 
devoted to drill. It also called for 
greater planning and the establish- 
ment of a research unit to oversee 
the development of new equip- 
ment and tactics. 

A review of training began two 
years ago: but the high hopes of 
major change that accompanied 
the appointment of the present 
commissioner. Laurence Wren, 
remain unfulfilled. He came to the i 
job after investigating two of his 
colleagues involved in a phone- 
tapping scandal under the pre- 
vious government. A strict 
disciplinarian, he cracked down 
on drinking, told policemen to 
smarten their image and took 
steps to end moonlighting and the 
perennial problem of the fixing of 
drink/drive cases. 

Garda officers are envious of 
the RUCs resources. British of- 
ficials hope the Anglo-Irish agree- 
ment will not only improve 
security co-operation but perhaps 
be the catalyst for reform is tbe 
Garda. The agreement after all, is 
not just a one-way street. Security 
ideas thought desirable in the 
North might prove equally ap- 
plicable south of the border. 

Richard Ford 


It has been dear for some time 
(Fulham confirmed it) that a 
movement of feeling is flowing 
strongly in the country against Uae 
Conservatives. The reason » the 
government's lade of political 
imagination and its sheer inability 
to understand the reactions of 
many of its natural supporters. • 

Three events of the past week 
have illustrated what is wrong for 
more precisely than any general 
analysis, and I shall discuss them 
in ascending order of importance. 

The first is the extraordinary ■ 
mess the government made over 
the backbench bill (Labour, but 
with all-party support) for im- 
proving provision for the dis- 
abled. It first jibbed at an 
important section of the full and 
then, surprised by a threatened 
Tory revolt, unexpectedly capitu- 
lated on the essentials. 

It had shown a startling mis- 
understanding of the attitudes of 
Conservatives, including many on 
the right wing. Tories want waste- 
ful public spending cut; they do 
not wish to pour money into a 
morass of counter-productive 

benefits or on supporting minor- 
ity-group frivolity, and sometimes 
malignity. But they also do not 
want essential services (hospitals 
and education) to be bad, and they 
are certainly prepared to pay taxes 
for tbe disabled. 

Tbe second misjudgement of 
party feeling was over Sunday 
trading. In part it was mechanistic; 
in part doctrinaire. The Sho ps Bill 
was based on the Auld Report, 
which in May 1985 was endorsed 
in the Commons by a substantial 
majority of 304 votes to 184. The 
government foolishly took this as 
a measure of the support for tbe 
bifl. But 120 MPS were not 
present that day, and public 
opinion had not been measured. 

The whips foiled to understand 
the extent of opposition not 
simply from Sabbatarians but 
from many ordinary Tories who 
distrusted the assurance that tbe 
bill would not lead to general shop 
opening from which most staop- 
workers and their femiiies would 
have no escape.They were right 
The promised conscientious ex- 
emption from Sunday working 
might cover present workers but 
hardly those of the future. 

Of course, the Sunday trading 
law is a mess, but it could have 
been dealt with by allowing speci- 
fied kinds of shops (garden cen- 
tres, comer shops for food) to 
open; perhaps for restricted hours. 
Or it could have made it all a 
matter of local responsibility. 
Instead, the government got 
deeper into the mire of absurdity, 
and when Douglas Hurd promised 
no guillotine on the committee 
stage. MPs said: This is ridiculous, 
we shall be here all August on a bin 
which will eventually be lost Let’s 
try to kill it off now. 

Tories do not want to be a party 
that understands the price of 
everything and the value of noth- 
ing. Instead of petulantly threaten- 
ing that garden centres will be 
prosecuted, ministers should now 
devise a bill that puts order into 
Sunday trading and also has 
public support. 


So we come to foe 

grave decision, with tts potentially 
dangerous 

nut the use o£Bnwfc *»»?£*}* 
bombing of Libya. Cafon«_ 
Gadaffi’s guilt is not in question. , 

but it is al» not the point- Tnere tt _ 

no lack of will in Britain for foe 
strongest possible action againa: 
terrorists, provided it worio and 
does not damage its o wn cause-: 
The question is simply whether 
die bombing wfll achieve its enosz ; 
and what will be its other con^ 


sequences. - 

Its immediate likely effect wffi 
be not to stop terrorism but w ■ 
encourage more of it- Thai ! «. 
virtually admitted by foe US, - 
Logic requires that the Americans., 
should then strike again, and even 
more heavily. Where, then, wu it j 
stop? How many sorties froatj 

» t i :u -nMw> Amniful- 


Britisb bases will public opinion 
omnnrt as more pictures of ma & 


support as more pictures of man- 
gied children appear on tele- 
vision? Only if it should happen- 
that Gadaffi foils in a coup which -, 
was engineered (with Mrs 
Thatchers knowledge) in concert 
with the US strike would foe 
American bombing action, make 
sense, and her support of it be' 
justified. ' 5 

President Reagans policy has. 
divided the Western alliance. Bui 
the provision of British facilities 
has also divided the European 
nations who have a special role in ; 

tbe world, provided that they keep 

their own united voice. 

Sitting in the Commons cm 
Tuesday, I feh echoes of Suez. Gf- 

course, there are many differences. - . 
The enemy now is much more 
v illa iwn »« than the enemy then; : 
the Americans then were against: 
us. But the similarities are still 
striking. 

The decision to allow the Sight - 
from Britain was taken by the: 
Prime Minister alone, in consults : 
tion only with tbe Foreign and 
Defence Secreta rie s. It is anothef 
example of Mrs Thatchers grw-7 
ing propensity to forestall Cabinet 
discussions. (Thus it is she who 
keeps the question of joining the: 
European Monetary System off 
the Cabinet agenda, despite the 
fort that both her Chancellor and 
Foreign Secretary are now strongly 
converted to membership.) Like 
Suez, her decision on the bombing 
divides Conservatives, and not' 
simply on traditional fines — ra- 
the Commons, the Cabinet (Nigs! 
Lawson is one minister said to be. 
disturbed) and outside as welL 

It will divide friends in and out 
of politics; it will (still more 
sig nifican tly) divide Thattiberite 
from Thatdterite It has presented 
a divided Labour Party with ‘i* 
cause on which h car* mine; and! 
given the left’s case against Ameri- 
can hares sp u rio us respectability. 
It leaves the Tories sitting on them- 
benches, morose and uneasy of 
conscience. “ . 

That is not a good condition in 
which to prepare to foce the 
country. The Conservatives win- 
pay a heavy price for Mrs 
Thatcher's loyalty to President 
Reagan. The bombers which flew 
from Britain to Tripoli could well 
cost the Conservatives the next 
general election. 


moreover . . . Miles Kington 


Along ye olde 
flightte path 


Now that the M25 provides a fist 
link between Heathrow and 
Gatwicfc, it is time to roexplorc 
the forgotten path which for so 
many years was the only route 
between the two, the Air 
Traveller’s Way. 

Though not as long as the 
Pennine Way or as dramatic as the 
Ridgeway, this green road pro- 
vides a welcome retreat from 
suburbia and motorways, and 
reminds us just how difficult 
travel was in the days when it took 
three or four days to get from one 
airport to another. 

The trail can be picked up south 
of Heathrow where it winds across 
fields and through woods towards 
distant Ascot One of the first 
references to the Way is found in 
Defoe’s Journal “My flight being 
diverted from Heathrow to 
Gatwick, X join'd a company of 
traders that were setting out on the 
Reigate Road. Night foiling, one of 
our number call'd upon us to 
follow him, as be knew tbe path 
well. Whatsoever path he knew 
well it was not this one, as shortly 
after midnight we found ourselves 
up to the waist in water, and a cry 
went up that we were wading in 
the Channel. 

“A woodman that happen'd 
that way laugh'd merrily at our 
plight, and said he bad never sees 


ter at a Weybridge hostelry,, 
though a row of asterisks leaves 
the outcome teaangly unclear. Oh 
the second day, towards Cobham; 


the old-style air traveller would 7 
find the first of many duty-free* 


so many people caught in Staines 
Water. We rounded on our guide 


Water. We rounded on our guide 
and beat him soundly, before 
being led by tbe woodman to his 
refuge, where he did charge us a 
penny each for the chance to fie 
stiff and sore tbe rest of foe night. 
Verily this air travel is not all it is 
crack d up to be.” 

Nothing much, it aeons, has 
changed. The Way still skirts 
Staines, through many a wealthy 
back garden at Weybndge, and on 
towaids Cobham. past the little 
church of St Thomas D’Anger- 
ville. where the old-time air 
travellers were wont to pray for 
deliverance from importunate 
porters. One sombre plaque reads 
Here lies the late Josiah Rice, 

Who under-tipped his man. 

His soul flew up to paradise — 

His bags flew to Japan. 

A first-night slop at Weybridge 
was considered good going. Lord 
Byron records that be fell for foe 
twinkling eye of foe ostler’s daugb- 


fmd the first of many duty-free* 
wayside stalls, often to his Chagrin; 
as Horace Walpole relates. 

“A man near Cobham, with 
much winking and bowing, per-' 
suaded me to part with two 
guineas for a mess of ’French’ 
brandy. On examining it the other 
side of that town, I found he had 
sold roe a skinful of partly cook’d', 
grape juke, and I would have 
return'd to chastise him, save that 
my flight was but two days away!” 

Thereafter the going becomes 
rough, leading either through foe 
“hell-hole known as Leather^ 
head”, as Cobbett puts it, or o vdP 
the severe flanks of Box HiH;- 
where the young Disradi fell and 
“broke my ankle, thus rendering 
my ski holiday quite superfluous,? 
so 1 returned home” Thereafter it 
was a quiet chafidands stroll 
towards Reigate -at least, it is 
quiet now, though not for Georgb 
Borrow on his tnp to Spain. 

“Somewhere after Dorking, asi 

vras tranquilly reflecting on the 
behaviour of Spanish consonants- 
a rou^ fellow approached tnt 
with foe request foal I should 
make over all my wordly goods ifr 
tos Javcwr. I first remoastrateef 
wrtb him in good Welsh, foe- 
tooguage of Iolo Goch, and th£ 
disconcerting him 1 then poinmff 

show him foe error of his wavs, 
promising him thereafter to m 
what Goethe had to say upon \hrs 
mmter. He took to JXSSSl- 
had no Anther trouble.” 

TheAir Traveller's Way then? 

and 


so on to Gatwick. It 
more built-up than in 


more built-up than in fob <£«* 

^*5" 4* 8h Hunt lt >ok focT-SiS 

and adventuresome briJ™£ 


aim venturesome briaanH 
ndden route from hateful tSP.ifc 
«>w to grim GatwickVbittofo; 
romantic soul there is still a ko2f 

SSSJS*** 4 -® 


Wo *fJr, M mmy Americans thm 
meet st upon the go. ' 


upon me go. 

aafai- 


v 

. » i _ > » 


1 • * i ; 





THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 17 1986 






13 





1 Pennin|ton Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


..^■. ^i vAgnid torrent of condem- 

, i-. •nal0f5 f . words pouring from ihe 

-Kwnmlin na the wake of the US 
■- ‘.y ‘ on Libya, there has so far 
ik..V , M*en only one deed: the 
; :V ; t ^cancellation : of the planned 

, ‘ ^meeting between the Soviet 
.'"•..Foreign Minister, Mr 

- . ^Shevardnadze and his Ameri- 
v / .can counterpart. Mr Shultz. 

,: .\Tlps has led some to speculate 
’ /" .. '•-that the second Reagan- 
.. .^•-Oorbachov summit will be 
■ postponed indefinitely. Seers 

- . of a more Jeremiah-like dfe- 

• r "-‘••Position -have spoken of a 

- v iqajor East-West crisis in pros- 

• *• Neither conclusion is 

•* r. V; justified by the evidence. 

•*. ; ; ■. r The cancellation by Moscow 

• ^-^the Shevaidnadze-Shultz 
; *'• v * rtfeeting does not, in itself, 

>: ; mean that the Washington 
~f ' 7 summit is off the agenda. 
■. ^cpe. there will be no summit 
wftiboin a preparatory foreign 

, , ministers* meeting. True, too, 

• preparatory, meeting will 

; •- bfedelayed. But there is noth- 
. . . it® .in Moscow’s announce- 

Y • ' rofmt that . rules out an 
•v .. meeting . once the 

. • clamour dies down, as it must 

^Nor, despite the Kremlin’s 
:• -.angry protests, is there any 
evidence that a postponement 
of the summit is unwelcome to 
"***•>.' Moscow. On the contrary, 
some of Mr Gorbachov’s re* 

. \ ~ rent moves — his numerous 

- , v .:- bMt quite unrealistic arms 
, ; control initiatives, his now 

- • : fctfgotien proposal for an 

“extra"- summit in Europe to 
- discuss a comprehensive nu- 
clear test ban, and the delay in 

- •- selling a date for the 

Siievardnadze-Shultz meeting 
i ft theft rst place — appeared to 
* be directed towards precisely 
: ihisend. 

jin this sense, the American 


OF PEAKS 


Congressional election cam- 
paign got underway. The Rus- 
sians, probably for the same, 
reason, were said to prefer the 
autumn. Assuming the sum- 
mit eventually takes place, a 
later date will suit the Soviet 
side better. 

But if there is no Wash- 
ington summit in the next year 
after aH the balance of benefit 
becomes less clear. The ques- 
tion then becomes who needs a 
summit meeting more: Mr 
Gorbachov or President Rea- 
gan?. 

It has been argued that 
President Reagan needs a sum- 
mit for the sake of his reputa- 
tion as a statesman who will 
talk peace rather than wage 
war. This may be important 
for Europeans and for the 
Western alliance, but it will 
not carry so much weight with 
the domestic constituency. At 
least, not for the time being. 
Americans like strong, success- 
ful leadership and this is what, 
after the raids on Libya, he has 
been seen to provide. At home. 
President Reagan needed the 
Libyan success more than he 
needed a summit. 

In the event that the Libyan 
raids turn sour for the Ameri- 
cans or fade into oblivion, the 
considerations change. Then, 
President Reagan will have to 
demonstrate that he is capable 
of dealing with the Russians, 
be it in diplomacy or in arms 
control He will . need his 
statesman’s mantle a g ain ^ for 
his own sake and for the sake 
of his Republican Party, which 
faces the mid-term congres- 
sional elections next autumn 
and the presidential elec- 
tions — with a new can- 
didate — two years later. In 


s§Je has temporarily lost its ~ this case, a summit could 


advantage. President Reagan 
had made no secret of the feet 
that he preferred the Wash- 
ington summit to take place in 
June, before the mid-term 


become a priority. 

At present, however, it is 
probably the Soviet leader who 
needs a summit more. He is 
relatively new to the inter- 


national scene and still needs 
to establish his position as 
leader of a superpower. This 
has become especially im- 
portant in the light of 
Moscow’s disinclination — 
which some will. see as im- 
potence -to defend its Lib- 
yan friends. But a summit, if it 
is to benefit the Soviet leader, 
would have to take place on 
certain conditions. 

To satisfy his domestic 
constituency, the Communist 
Party and the military 
establishment, Mr Gorbachov 
has to return to Moscow with 
the tangible concessions from 
the Americans he failed to 
obtain at Geneva. These are a 
postponement of the Strategic 
Defense Initiative; failing that, 
a nuclear test ban agreement. 
Anything less will cast the 
Soviet leader in the untenable 
role of supplicant. In this case, 
be might well calculate that he 
is better off without a summit 
at all. 

A fruitless summit, on the 
other hand, could suit Presi- 
dent Reagan well He would 
have been seen to entertain the 
Soviet leader in Washington 
(statesmanship) without giv- 
ing anything away (strong 
leadership). His domestic 
constituency would have cause 
for satisfaction. 

The balance of advantage at 
present is marginally on Presi- 
dent Reagan's side, whether 
there is a summit or not, 
whether it achieves anything 
or noL The acrimony between 
Moscow and Washington at 
present means, however, ihkt 
any benefits accruing to one 
are likely to damage the per- 
ceived interests of the other. In 
such an atmosphere, the 
postponement of the planned 
summit — if that is what hap- 
pens — is an eminently appro- 
priate solution. Certainly it is 
not the “major East-West 
crisis" that a failed summit 
would be. 


TO PAY OR NOT TO PAY? 


Perhaps more than any other . It is not simply that crim- 
govemment, the - Irish has inals and subversives may see 
reason to be worded. J*y 4he^-. the. existence, of such cover, as 
kidnapping for ransom of rich: 7 an incentive to commit the 
of prominent people; and of crime. There is also the fear in 


I hree dit 
in /uric’: 

4 

shtmtiE 


people employed" by corporate " 
bodies which have the re- 
sources 10 find the money 
demanded. In consequence, 
there has been inreasing worry 
in Dublin on account of the 
growing practice of offering 
insurance for specified sums to 
cover the risk of ransom. It is 
^ feared that the knowledge that 
money is .. available may 
encourage the crime, and with 
that concern it is right to 
sympathise. 

It is, of course, not a new 
thought that the existence of 
insurance may actually raise 
prices for some services cov- 
ered. The suggestion can be 
made, for instance, in regard to 
accident repairs to cars or even 
for medicine covered by insur- 
ance. But that kind of thinking 
isj, by its nature, susceptible 
neither to proof nor disproof 
Concern over the mushroom- 
ing of companies and policies 
• offering cover for ransom is of 
a’diflerent order and is of far 


Dublin that the 'existence of 
such policies promotes protec- 
tion .rackets, and in both 
Dublin and Belfast there is 
suspicion that demands for 
money are made under threat 
of kidnapping, perhaps by no 
more than a telephone can, to 
a greater extent than may be 
supposed. But nobody can 
know how extensive this is or 
how much money is paid ouL 

It is quite clear also that the 
Irish concern also embraces 
the payment of ransom itself, 
and that is only logicaL How 
can insurance cover against 
the risk of ransom demands be 
banned unless the payment of 
ransom itself is made illegal? 
No law exists against it,but 
there have, been some sugges- 
tions that those who pay it 
should be liable to prosecution 
as accessories after the fact 
But it is at this point that the 
essential obstacle to action 
arises. Law, if it is to be good 
law, must be enforceable 


There is in practice no way 
in which it would be possible 
to stop the payment of ransom 
to recover a kidnapped mem- 
ber of a family if their nearest 
and dearest relation is deter- 
mined to pay it and has the 
means. It is, of course, right 
not to pay, and right to act 
under the guidance of the 
police. But it is almost in- 
conceivable that public opin- 
ion would support a' 
prosecution in such circum- 
stances, 

What is clear, however, is 
that there is in this matter a 
question for the insurance 
industry itself The Lloyds 
syndicates dealing in this busi- 
ness have stressed that their 
policies ‘ are strictly for 
reimbursement after the event, 
and that there is no question of 
paying a ransom as such, or of 
dealing directly with kidnap- 
pers. It is also a condition that 
the existence of the policy 
should never be disclosed 
(otherwise it is void), and that 
law enforcement officers must 
be involved. Even so, it is a 
type of business that the 
council of Lloyds should keep 
under careful surveillance. 


njore persuasive kind. 

HERR HONECKER’S HOROSCOPE 


jjr 

ar- 

ise 


s»\ 

m 

a-A*- 

¥- 


V" 

sf 




k ** 

•fe 

rj-’-H** 




■ - «ilt 

S&w- 

■.V t- 

fswSfck ' 

I 


gist Germany’s Socialist 
• Unity Party is as close as we 
are ever likely to get to the 
kind of military discipline and 
iptalitarism which Lenin 
^ envisaged for a ruling Gom- 
, J raunist party. Indeed, in some 
jtA yjavs it is closer to that ideal 
1 1* ihan the Communist Party of 
.the Soviet Union -more 
? * Leninist than the Leninists. 
" tot a Soviet leader like 
■V. Vlikhail Gorbachov, who 
. • jjaces so m uch stress on the 
2-caJled "Leninist norms , 
^ • lere is much to be praised. 

5 The only tifins tb e . 

"l* Herman Party lacks is the 
rbrrect name. Its title, tne 
. ’ focialist Unity Party of Ger- 
>!gaay. is .an anachronism 
.. \5jich dates , from the forced 
; -malgamation of the Social 
■ -3emooaiic Party with the old 
Communist Party m the ^So- 
viet-occupied parts of Ger- 
.nany and Berlin in 1946. 
foincidentally, the 40th 
' -Anniversary of that 

V Barriage will fall, during the 
„ ' suiy congress, which opens in 

r sast Berlin today. . 

. -The congress is the latest in 
4Jjis year's regular qumquerv- 
A* \£l round 

.tongresses; it will 

fished by the present of to 

Soviet ©arty leader, 
Gorbachov’s pmenee ^ 
aken, in the first ‘f 

ribute to East 
•ielative economic 
A'ijh 15 per cent real terms 
^thinGNP,^ Germany 
urned .n the best- overaU 


economic performance in 
Eastern Europe. 

More laudably still, in So- 
viet eyes, it has done this while 
preserving largely intact the 
basic structures of a cen- 
tralized command economy. 
Mr Gorbachov himself has 
publicly praised East 
Germany’s industrial 
"combines”, an organisational 
device .which is generally held 
to have brought greater ef- 
ficiency without reducing 
bureaucratic control to any- 
thing like the degree that such 
control has been reduced in 
the genuinely, reformed econ-^ 
oray of Hungary. 

It would be an over- 
simplification to suggest that 
East Germany is a “model” for 
Mr .Gorbachov’s Soviet 
Union. Solutions which work 
in a small homogenous central 
European state will not nec- 
essarily work in a huge 
heterogenous Eurasian em- 
pire. But Mr Gorbachov has 
very direct reasons forsatisfec- 
tion with East Germany’s 
performance. 

The East German army 
plays an ever larger and mote 
important part in the Warsaw 
pact,- while never for one 
moment calling into question 
(how could it?) the 
overwhelming presence of 
400,000 Soviet troops. In 
short, is hard to imagine a 
more satisfactory front-line 
garrison state for Moscow. 

The one exception in this 
catalogue of Communist vir- 


tue and orthodoxy is East 
Germany's special relation- 
ship with West Germany. 
Most West German observers 
will be watching the congress 
above all to see whether Mr 
Gorbachov finally gives ihe 
green light for Erich 
Honecker's long-planned trip 
to West Germany, postponed 
under Soviet pressure in the 
summer of 1984. 

Mr Gorbachov must obvi- 
ously be. sensible of the great 
economic benefits which flow 
to ihe Soviet Union from that 
special relationship, and of the 
added political leverage which 
it gives him in his sustained 
endeavour to weaken Bonn’s 
ties with Washington. How- 
ever, that leverage can be 
exercised by blowing cold as 
well as hot, and in recent 
weeks Mr Gorbachov has been 
blowing more cold than hot, 
particularly following the 
Bonn government’s agreement 
with Washington on participa- 
tion in the Strategic Defense 
Initiative. 

Herr Honecker himself re- 
cently declared that this 
“conspiracy ' between the 
Pentagon and Bonn” would 
complicate relations between 
the two German states. He has 
also commented, with what 
looks almost like humour, that 
the prospects for his visit to 
the Federal Republic still 
stand somewhat in the stars. 
We shall all be interested to see 
how Mr Gorbachov reads Herr 
Honecker’s horoscope. 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Implications of Libya bombing Sport, TV and 


From Mrs Elizabeth Plene 
Sir. As an American expatriate 
living in Britain. I am directly 
affected by the threat of violence 
by Libyan-backed terrorists. Every 
time 1 board on airliner I wonder 
what unpleasantness may be in 
store for me and ray family. My 
husband's job requires that he 
travel frequently to various Euro- 
pean capitals. Even the tightest 
security cannot protect people 
from fanatics. 

• The attacks this morning on 
Tripoli and Benghazi were fetile 
as well as morally and legally 
indefensible. Such military action 
will only encourage terrorism. 
Now the American Government 
can be justly accused ofkiDingand 
maiming civilians in the name of 
justice and retribution. 

However. EEC governments 
who are quick 10 condemn what 
the US Government has done 
should examine their own stands 
with regard to terrorism. It should 
not take them long to do so; they 
have never done anything that 
could even vaguely be construed 
as offering an effective deterrent 10 
terrorists. 

Many European governments 
have allowed known terrorists to 
come and go freely under the 

cover of diplomatic immunity. As 
a result many European civilians 
have lost their lives. Repeatedly 
those same governments have 
refused 10 use the most effective 
non-military sanctions at their 
disposal: expulsion of Libyan 
diplomats and isolation of Libya 
from trading with the EEC coun- 
tries. 

Had West Germany, Italy. Aus- . 
trra and Greece joined with the US 
in applying these sanctions, per- 
haps the horrors of the bombing of 
the La Belle Discotheque, the 
bloody attacks on the Rome and 


Vienna airports, and the hijacking 
of the Achiile Laura would never 
have taken place. 

Retribution in ihe manner of 
requiring an eye for an eye only 
results in a world ofblind fanatics, 
all convinced of their righteous- 
ness. Wouldn't it he better if the 
governments of the West met the 
threat of terrorism together with a 
firm but civilized response? 

Yours sincerelv. 

ELIZABETH PLETTE. 

21 SpitaJgate Lane. 

Cirencester, 

Gloucestershire. 

April 15. 

From Mr G. E. Smith 
Sir. 1 wish to protest most strongly 
against the Prime Minister's 
associating this country with 
President Reagan's counier-ter- 
rorism against Libya. 

She has not only forfeited all 
moral right to condemn terrorism, 
whether in Ulster or elsewhere, 
but exposed Britons to terrorist 
attacks throughout the Middle 
East and enhanced once again the 
hatred of Britain in that region 
which was the legacy- of Suez. 
Yours sincerely. 

G. E. SMITH. 

Downsfield, 

Pilgrims Way. 

Detiing, 

Kent. 

April 15. 

From Mr E. F. Sonheote 
Sir, I would be grateful if any of 
your readers would advise me ifhe 
thinks my moral sense is defec- 
tive. When I first beard of the US 
attack on Libya I was more 
shocked by the stupidity of it than 
by its wickedness. 

Yours faiihfiillv. 

EDWARD F. NORTHCOTE, “ 
Flat 22, 

1 2a Cam bait Road. SW1S. 

April IS. 


Gloucester’s schools 

From the Chief Education Officer. 
Gloucestershire County Council 
Sir, Ronald Bun (March 27) is. 
entitled to his own view of the 
place of grammar schools, bui he 
is wrong to state that Gloucester- 
shire County Council's proposals 
to establish a fully comprehensive 
system of secondary education in 
Gloucester and Stroud were 
against the wishes of the majority 
of local parents. 

It was precisely because the 
articulated preference of parents, 
governors and public was so 
strongly in favour of such a move 
that the previous Conservative 
controlled administration submit- 
ted the proposals. 

It is this local preference that Sir 
Keith Joseph has now rejected. 
For the authority the proposed 
changes were borne not of an 
educational ideology but of prag- 
matic expediency. In Gloucester 
alone we shall, in three years' 
time, have in excess of 2,000 
surplus school places fora second- 
ary population of just over 5,000, 
white there will be seven separate 
county schools running sixth 
forms for less than 450 students in 
total 

The Secretary of State says that 
he recognises the need for action 
and change, yet he refuses to allow 
the local authority to make the 
changes that are regarded by those 
who see the problems at first-hand 
as the most appropriate. He insists 
that he can only consider each 
proposal on its own merits — it is 
not for the Secretary of State to 


impose a solution on a local 
authority. 

In recent years the dividing line 
between consideration and 
impositon has become remarkably 
thin. There are some who now 
believe it has disappeared al- 
together. 

Yours faithfully, 

KErTH ANDERSON, 

Chief Education Officer, 
Gloucestershire County Council, 
Shire Hall, Gloucester. 

Polytechnic places 

From the Chief Executive of the 
Association of Polytechnic Teach- 
ers 

Sir. I write to correct factually one 
statement made by the Secretary 
of State for Education and Science 
(April 9). 

Sir Keith slated that the lectur- 
ers in polytechnics and colleges 
had been awarded a salary rise for 
1985-86 of 7.25 per cent and that 
this had affected the decision of 
the NAB (National Advisory 
Body). 

In 1985-86. no polytechnic or 
college lecturer affected by NAB 
decisions received an annual sal- 
ary payment which was more than 
5.66 per cent higher than in 1984- 
85. 

Yours faithfully. 

MAUREEN DOUGLASS. 

Chief Executive. 

Association of Polytechnic 
Teachers, 

Throgmorton House, 

27 Elphinsione Road. 

South sea. 

Hampshire. 


Aid to Nicaragua 

From the Director of Christian Aid 
Sir, In his article (April 8) Roger 
Scruion refers to “the intensive 
campaign mounted by Oxfem, 
Christian Aid and associated bod- 
ies m support of the Marxist 
government of Nicaragua”. 

Such a campaign might very 
well be appropriate given the 
tendency to festen on the stance 
and inevitable shortcomings of the 
Nicaraguan regime rather than its 
real achievements, for example in 
health, education and land reform. 

Scruton, however, is mis- 
informed. In Nicaragua, as else- 
where, Christian Aid has followed 
its usual policy of working with 
ihe poorest of people whatever the 
political colour of the government 
under which they happen to live 
or die. 

Only when that work is 
thwarted, as in Nicaragua by the 
cynical and destructive activities 
of the Contras, do we raise our 
voice against those responsible as, 
according to our understanding, 
we have eveiy right as a charity to 
do. 

When it comes to modest 
support for posters encouraging 
prayer “that Nicaragua be left to- 
five in peace”, if we granted Mr 
Sermon's own dubious .distinc- 
tions between politics and charity 


this would seem to fell wholly 
within the category of the latter, 
either way, that prayer remains 
ours, convinced as we are that the 
people of Nicaragua will have a 
better chance of rebuilding their 
lives if right-wing insurgents leave 
them alone. 

Yours faithfully, 

MICHAEL H. TAYLOR, 
Director, 

Christian Aid, 

240/2 50 Femdafe Road, 

Brixton, SW9. 


Jury service 

From Mr/CR. Allen 
Sir. I run a small but profitable 
engineering firm having about 40 
employees. This year three of my 
six key employees have been 
called for jury service. This has 
caused great inconvenience and it 
occurs to me that, with three 
million unemployed and with the 
crime rate rising and probably 
linked to unemployment, it may 
be advantageous to draw juries 
solely from the ranks of the 
unemployed. In this way a self- 
regulating system may establish 
itself! 

Yours faithfully. 

KL R. ALLEN. 

(47 Markhams Lane, 

Woodford Green. Essex. 


Reluctant refunds 

From Mr Herbert $. Gruber 
Sir. I have over the years spent 
many days in your lovely city of 
London, enjoying the surround- 
ings, its fine people and helping to 
prop up the pound by freely 
spending our dollars at your 
shops. One of the extra little 
incentives that the shopkeepers 
offer is providing a return of the 
VAT, which takes off about 13 per 
cent of the purchase price. 

But in recent years this refund 
comes slower, and slower, to the 
point where transatlantic phone 
calls and nasty letters must be sent 
to collect the cheques. There have 
been occasions where even after 
leiie/s and phone calls. I have had 
to wait until the next visit, one 
year later. 10 personally appear at 
the store, where 1 am then 
sheepishly handled a hastily made 
cheque with a “so sorry". 


1 am sure that it is to the stores* 
advantage to keep this money as 
long as possible — helps their cash 
How - in addition to many 
purchasers not following up and 
therefore the store keeps the 
refond. Could not a rule be passed 
that if these funds are not paid out 
in 60 days they go back - to VAT? 
That would certainly nudge the 
shopkeeper along and give the 
tourist a place to lodge a com- 
plaint if not timely received. 

Since we must pay for the 
merchandise before we leave the 
store, we see no reason why the 
merchants don’t refund the vat 
the day they receive the return 
form. Seems only like good form. 
Respectfully. 

H.S. GRUBER, 

1 Grove Isle. 

Coconut Grove. 

Florida. 

United Slates of America. 

March 24. 


cigarettes 

From the Managing Director of 
BBC Television 

Sir. The Chairman or the Health 
Education Council (April 14) and. 
his associates make some telling 
points about the relationship be^ 
tween lobaccg sponsorship and 
televised sporL 

I cannot accept that the BBC 
should be singled out for specific 
blame on this issue when we have 
tried, with good will, to operate 
within both the spirit and the 
letter of the agreement made 
between the Government and the 
tobacco industry. 

Sir Brian Bailey's letter gave 
clear evidence of the substantial 
scale of the tobacco industry's 
investment in sports sponsorship. 
He also acknowledges these are 
arrangements between the tobacco 
companies and sports bodies, the 
BBC having no port in them. 
Indeed, in our publication. Radio 
Times we have accepted no to- 
bacco advertising for many years. 

Against this background it is not 
difficult to deduce the problem 
our production staff face in tack- 
ling the dual responsibility of 
providing first-class coverage of 
sporting events while at the same 
time being required to sit in 
judgement on possible infringe- 
ments of this agreement in associ- 
ation with our own BBC 
guidelines. 

The BBC has believed for some 
time that a complete reassessment 
of the situation is necessary and 1 
have taken personal initiatives 10 
reach new agreements and under- 
standings. I believe we are on the 
brink of achieving this. 

Yours faithfully. 

BILL COTTON, Managing Direc- 
tor of Television, 

BBC Television Centre, WI2. 

April 14. 

Shops setback 

From the Director General of the 
Retail Consortium 
Sir. The architects of the 
Government's defeat over reform 
of Sunday trading are entitled 10 
their moment of euphoria. How- 
ever. it must be remembered that 
the Government was defeated by 
an essentially negative coalition. 
Retailers are still left with the 1950 
Shops Act which, by almost 
universal consent, is condemned 
as unworkable and unenforceable. 
Furthermore, in the wake of this 
debacle, it is highly unlikely that 
the Government will attempt a 
reform of our archaic licensing 
laws. 

Much play has been made in • 
recent years of the potential of the 
retail, tourism and other leisure 
industries as possible new sources 
of job and wealth creation. This 
will only be possible if these 
industries operate within a frame- 
work of law which is acceptable, 
understood and enforceable. 

The defeat of the Shops Bill 
does not remove the urgency for 
us to reform our trading and 
licensing laws. However, given 
that both Government and private 
members' legislation has failed 
spectacularly in recent years, it is 
now encumbent on the retail 
industry itself to try and bring 
forward sensible measures which 
will command widesperad sup- 
port in advance of being in- 
troduced into Parliament. 

Yours faithfully, 

TOM McNALLY. 

Director General. 

The Retail Consortium, 

1-19 New Oxford Street, WC1. 

April 15. 

Gale warning 

From Mr D.C. Truran 
Sir, Whilst risking life and limb on 
the M25 and M4 on March 24, the 
day of the freak high winds, 1 was 
reminded of that delightfully sim- 
ple safety aid used on the auto- 
bahns in West Germany. The 
windsock, still used on smaller 
airfields, is positioned wherever a 
major change in terrain occurs, 
particularly on bridges, and thus 
likely to produce significant vari- 
ation in wind condition. 

Regular users will confirm that 
these windsocks create a greater 
awareness of the wind hazard in 
the motorist's mind. Ought we not 
to use them in the UK? 

Yours faithfully. 

D.C. TRURAN. 

Birches. 

Wilderness Road. 

Chisleh’ursL 

Kent. 

April 2. 

Oil and air fares 

From Lord Berheil 
Sir. On April 1 Ihe price of oil fell 
below $10 a barrel and the 
following day British Airways 
announced the introduction of a 
£288 return fare between London 
and New York, a reduction of £70. 
Also on April 1 I telephoned 
British Airways to book a flight to 
Brussels and back, only to be told 
that that very morning the price of 
a return ticket had gone up from 
£168 10 £178. indeed that they had 
increased fares on almost all their 
European routes. 

When will this madness end? 
Following last October’s agree- 
ment liberalising air travel be- 
tween UK and Belgium. BA have 
it in their power to reduce feres on 
the very expensive Brussels route. 

As "British Caledonian have 
shown, flying to Brussels out of 
Gatwick. they could well afford to 
do so. Instead, as the price of oil 
plummets, they raise the fare by 6 
per cent and — amazing co- 
incidence! - so do Sabena. 

Yours sincerely, 

NICHOLAS BETHELL, 

Chairman. 

Freedom of the Skies, 

73 Sussex Square. W2. 

April 3. 



ON THIS DAY 


APRIL 17 1801 

The successful engagement 

against Denmark led to the close 
of Britain s Baltic campaign 
against that country and her 
allies. Prussia, Sweden and 

Russia. The version of the battle 
as seen bv the Danish commander 
greatly irritated Nelson who 
complained to the Adjutant 
General of the Danish Fleet. 

f BATTLE OFl 
L COPENHAGEN^ ’ 

HAMBURGH, April 10 

As soon as the fire of the Danes 
was silenced, the Hero 01 Aboukir, 
with that humanity which is- so 
congenial to true heroism, sent a 
[lag of truce an shore with a letter 
to the following purport; 

“7?ie brave English to their 
brethren the brave Danes. 

‘1 am now in possession of the 
batteries; and wishing to stop any 
farther effusion of blood, I consent 
to a suspension of hostilities. 

"NELSON" 
COPENHAGEN, April 7. 

The following is the official 
account given of the Naval Engage- 
ment of the 2d instant, by Olfert 
Fischer, the Danish Commander in 
ChieC and addressed to his Royal 
Highness the CROWN PRINCE. 

“On the 1st of April, at half past 
three o’clock in the afternoon, two 
divisions of the English Fleet 
under Vice-Admiral Nelson and a 
Rear-Admiral, weighed anchor, 
proceeded eastward towards the 
Middle Ground, and shortly cast 
anchor again South of the same. 
This force consisted of twelve ships 
of the line, several large frigates, 
bomb and other vessels, making in 
all thirty one sail. On the 2nd of 
April, about nine in the morning, 
the wind S.E. these ships as well as 
those lying North of the Middle 
Ground under the command of 
Admiral Parker, weighed anchor. 
The ships of the line and heavy 
frigaies. under the command of 
Vice-Admiral Nelson, drew up 
towards the King's Deep, in order 
to take their station successively 
near the place which I was intrust- 
ed to defend. The bombarding and 
smaller vessels took their station 
nearer the town; and the division of 
Admiral Parker, consisting of eight 
ships of the line and several smaller 
vessels, cruized with the utmost 
press of sail' towards the South, to 
the ring wing of the defence. 

"At half past ten o'clock, the 
northernmost ship of Admiral 
Nelson's division passed those of 
ours, which lay most to the South. 1 
gave that ship which was within 
shot, the signal for battle. 

‘In about half an hour after, the 
engagement became general. 
Twelve lines of battle ships, of 
which one was of SO guns, and 
almost ail the rest of 74; and from 
six to eight frigates were on one 
side. On the other side were seven 
guard ships, one of which only was 
of 74 guns, the rest of 64 and unden 
two frigates, and six smaller ves 
sets. The enemy had every where 
two ships for one of ours; and the 
guard ship Provesteen had, besides 
the Rear-Admiral and a ship of the 
line, two frigates against her, which 
were raking her from stem to stern, 
without her being able to return a 
shot. 

"Were I only to relate, in the 
manner of an history, what your 
Royal Highness has seen, as well as 
the citizens of Denmark, and of 
Europe; that this which I shall call 
an unequal contest, was main- 
tained with unexampled bravery 
for the space of four hours and a 
half; that the fire of the power 
engaged with us was already so 
exhausted, that several of the 
English ships, and among the rest, 
that of Admiral Nelson, fired 'only 
single shots; that this hero, at the 
very moment, and during the very 
heat of the battle, sent a flag of 
truce on shore to require a cessa- 
tion of hostilities: — When. I have 
to add the account I received of two 
English ships of the line having 
struck, but that they hoisted their 
flags again, as soon as they were 
reinforced by other ships: - Under 
those circumstances. I may be 
permitted to say. that the ancient 
fame of Denmark in Naval wars 
has this day shone forth with 
incredible lustre, that I have to 
thank Heaven for having had all 
Europe as a witness to the same. 

Besides, the balance turned 
against Denmark in a quarter 
where it was not likely it should. 
The ships that were first, and to 
the South of those most severely 
attacked, and even the Provesteen, 
had almost all their guns dis- 
mounted, and were obliged to yield 
to a superior force. 

About half past 1 1. the 
Dannebrog line of battle ship, close 
to which Admiral Nelson lay for 
some time, was so much damaged, 
that I went with my flag on board 
the Holstein; but instead of this 
the Dannebrog fought under the 
streamer that had been hoisted. At 
the end of the bottle, she had 270 
men killed and wounded.”. - - 


Dressing up 


From Mrs D. V. Wood 
Sir, Mr Robinson (April 11) has 
got the wrong end of the stick, or 
rather the carrot Manufacturers 
of vegetarian food “doll il up” to 
increase their market by attracting 
carnivores. We life vegetarians 
often prefer simple nut or pulse 
recipes. 

Yqurs faithfully. 

DILYS V. WOOD, 

5 Brambling Court. 

Chesterfield, 

Derbyshire. 

From Mr N. Powell 
Sir. Vegetarians who invest in 
such strange devices as 
Vegebangers and Vegeburgers do 
not, as Mr Robinson supposes, 
suffer from inferiority complexes. 
They suffer from children. 

Yours faithfully, 

NEIL POWELL 
18 Church Street, 

Baldock. 

Henfordshie. 

April 1 1. 










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14 


THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 17 1986 



COURT 

AND 

SOCIAL 


COURT 

CIRCULAR 

Windsor castle 
A pril 16: His Excellency the 
High Commissioner for Cyprus 
and Mrs Panayides. His Ex- 
cellency the Pakistan Ambas- 
sador and Mrs Arshad. Sir 
Francis and Lady Tombs. Mr 
and Mrs Kenneth Grange. Dr 
and Mrs Duncan Poore and Mr 
and Mrs David Stevens have 
left the Casile. 

The Queen, accompanied by 
The Duke of Edinburgh, this 
afternoon opened the new Hen- 
ley Royal Regatta Headquarters. 

Having been received by Her 
Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant for 
the Ro’val County of Berkshire 
(Colonel the Hon Gordon 
Palmer), the President of Hen- 
ley Royal Regatta (Mr John 
Garlon) and the Chairman. 
Committee of Management. 
(Mr Peter Coni). Her Majesty 
unveiled a commemorative 
plaque and. with His Royal 
Highness, loured the building. 

Afterwards The Queen and 
The Duke of Edinburgh boarded 
the Thames Water Authority 
Flagship Windmsh and viewed 
the new Headquarters from the 
vessel. 

The Queen's Bargemastcr (Mr 
■ Edwin Hunt) and The Queen's 
Watermen were on duty. 

The Duchess of Grafton. Mr 
Robert Fellow es and Major 
Hugh Lindsay were in 
attendance. 

Bv command of The Queen, 
the Viscount Davidson (Lord in 
Waiting) was present at 
Heathrow Airport. London, this 
morning upon the departure of 
the President of the Republic of 
Kiribati and Mrs Tabai and 1 


bade farewell to Thetr Ex- 
cellencies On behalf of Her 
Majesty. 

BUCKINGHAM PALACE 
April 16: The Princess Anne, 
Mrs Mark Phillips, this after- 
noon presented the Piper Cham- 
pagne National Hunt Awards at 
Cheltenham Racecourse where 
Her Royal Highness was ■ re- 
ceived by Her Majesty’s Lord- 
Lieutenant for Gloucestershire 
iColonel Martin Gibbs). 
KENSINGTON PALACE 
April Hr. The Prince and Prin- 
cess of Wales arrived at 
Heathrow Airport. London, this 
evening in a British Airways 
Concorde from Vienna. 

Mrs George West. Mr David 
RoycrofL Mr John Haslam, 
Lieutenant Commander Rich- 
ard Aylard. RN. and Surgeon 
Commander Ian Jenkins. RN, 
were in attendance. 
KENSINGTON PALACE 
April 16: The Duke of Glouces- 
ter. as a Liveryman of the 
Goldsmiths's Company, today 
visited Saunders & Shepherd. 
Manufacturing Jeweller. 1 
Bleeding Heart Yard, and The 
ClerkenweJJ Workshops. 
Clerkenwell Close, London. His 
Roval Highness was later enter- 
tained to Luncheon by the 
Prime Warden (Professor E T 
Halil and members of the Court 
of Assistants of the Goldsmiths' 
Company and subsequently vis- 
ited the exhibition Four A/ris/s 
Four Visions at Goldsmiths* 
Hall. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance. 

The Duchess ofGloucester. as 
Patron of BLISS (Baby Life 
Support Systems), was present 
this evening at a Reception to 
launch a new book, Special Care 
Bahia, at the Stock Exchange. 


London. Later Her Royal High- 
ness attended a Dinner at the 
Danish Club. Knightsbridge. 
London. 

Mrs Euan McCorquodalc was 
in attendance. 

YORK HOUSE 
ST J AMES'S PALACE 
April 16: The Duke of Kent 
today visited RAF Mar ham. 
King's Lynn. Norfolk. 

His Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight, was attended by 
Captain Michael Campbell- 
Lamerton. 

The Duchess of Kent today 
opened the Research Institute 
for the Care of the Elderly at St 
Marlin's Hospital and later 
opened the Huntingdon Centre 
at the Countess of Huntingdon's 
Chapel. Bath. 

Her Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight, was attended by 
Miss Sarah Partridge. 


Prince Michael of Kent, 
accompanied by Princess Mi- 
chael, departs for Swaziland on 
April 23 to represent the Queen 
at the coronation of the King of 
Swaziland. 


A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Lieutenant-General Sir 
John Gtubb will be held in 
Westminster Abbey today at 
2.30 pm. 

A memorial service for Pamela 
Marke. Director of Photography 
at Time-Life Books, will be held 
on Wednesday. April 23. 1986. 
at St George's Church, Hanover 
Square. Wl. at 1 1 am. 

A memorial service for Sir 
Charles Stirling will be held on 
Friday, April 25. at Chelsea Old 
Church at 2.0 pm. 


Church news 


Appointments 

Ttie roi P Ameson. Curaie-ui-chanae. 
St Columaa’s. Sheffield, dtocosv «* 
Sheffield, lo be Rector. Disunion. 

diocese of Carlisle. 

The Rev J D Bums, vicar. Christ 
Church with St John the Esanoeusi 
and SI *nne. Lancaster, diocese of 
Blackburn la be Vicar, sa PH«"s 

Charley. same diocese 

The Rev C M Bsers. Rector. SI 
Andrew. Mottingtiam. diocese of 
Southwark. lo be Rector. 
TTMianmedd rroajn Ministry), same 
diocese 

The Rev D Chamberlain, formerly 
Bishop, of Wakefield's Adviser. 
Community Relations. io be Vicar. Alt 
Hallows. Easton. and Bishop's Adviser* 
on Communin' Rc Uhons an d Inter 
Fallti DiaUraur. diocese ot Brt-Tol. 

The Rev E T Chapman. Chaplain. 
Guildford School, to be Vicar. untied 
benefices of Burner with Dalbv. and 
remrioion and Welbum. diocese of 
York. 

The Rev P C N Cornier. Vicar. 
Thames Dillon, diocese of Guiktford. 
lobe vicar. Si Michael. Blundeflsands. 
diocese of Liverpool- „ 

The Rev T J Curtis. Vicar. SI Mark. 
Cheltenham, diocese of Gloucesur. w 
be Vicar. Chipping Norton with Over 
Norton, diocese of Oxford _ .. 

The Rev B Duncan. Vicar. Cotie- 
qiaie Church of the Holy Cross 
Crediton. diocese of E voter, to he a 
Residentiary Canon of Manchester 
Caihedral. diocese of Manchester. 

The Rev R HllL Rccior. SI Mall hew. 
Armidaie. diocese of Perth. Australia, 
lo b* Poesi-in-charne. AfKmonion. 
Cubley. Mamort Montgomery and 
Veettecv. diocese* of Derby. 

The Rev J v MKitkby. Vicar. 
Wool ton. diocese of St Albans, to ty 
Rector. ByfleeL diocese ot Guildford. 

The Rev D A Lewis. AsMsiani 
Curate. CMia Church, NMhwiay. 
dlorese Of Liverpool. lo be Vicar. St 
Cyprian. EdgeMU. same diocese. 

The Rev E Morris. Rector. St 
Cuthbert's. Snadford. diocese of Dur- 
ham. to he Chaplain toHammenmtUi 
Hospital and Queen Charlotte f Hos- 
pital. London, diocese of London. 

The Rev T J Nonage. Vicar. St 
Mark and Si Martin. Kensal Rise, 
diocese of London, lo be Team R ector . 
North Sutton Team Ministry, diocese 

C *Pr£b l *H H Rann. Vicar. Coiyton. 
Colv/ord and Souihieiqn. diocese of 
Exeier. lo be Team Rector. Cotylon. 
Soulhielqh. OflwMI. Wldworlhy. 
Farway and SarmteiQti uhe Colyion 
Team Mlnisiryi. same diocese. 


The Rev A Richmond. Honorary 
Curate in the Axmmsler Team 
Ministry, diocese of E»««f- !° he 
Honorary Cumic in Ihe Coiyton Team 
Ministry, same diocese. 

The Rev J 5 Samway*. AsaWani 
Curate. Palcham. diocese of Chiclv 
osier. Co he Assistant Curate. 61 Aldate 
with Si Matthew. Oxford, diocese of 
Oxford. 

The Ren N T Schofield. Curate. 
Cheshunt. diocese of St Albans, to be 
Team Vicar. Offsecft. Wi« worthy. 
Farway and Norlhleigft. in Ute 
Coll Ion Team Minryry. diocese of 
Exrfff. 

The Rev Dr J C Thewlis. Curate. All 
Saints. Spring Park, dioon* of South 
wark. lo be Vicar. St Luke. E3Uiaxn. 
came diocese 

The Rev H C Thorp. Priest 
MKWncr. Conventional District of 
North Bietrhiey- diocese of Oxford, to 
be Team Vicar. Oak ford. Rackenford. 
and Sioodletoti to the Eae Valley 
Team Ministry. diocese of Exeter 
The Rev D J South. Wear. Holy 
Trinity. Honshu, diocese of Cov- 
entry. lo be Vicar. Holy Trinity. 
Attleborough, same diocese 
Resignation* and retirements 
The Rev C G Howarth. Vicar. 
Newbum. diocese of Ncwcasite, lo 
rwiiro on November 30 
Pr.u EK'P Ince. Rector. Ashwaler. 
Haiu.nl and Seaworthy, diocese of 
Cxefer. fo reure on July l. 

The Rev D L Sean. Vicar. St Mary. 
Hale, diocese of Liverpool, to retire in 
July. 

Withdrawal of acceptance 
The Rev N Taylor. Chaplain and 
Senior Scrtpiure Master. St Faiths 
School. Cambridge, has withdrawn 
acceptance of appointment as Vicar. 
h'Jrkdate with Nawion. diocese of 
York. 

SCOTTISH EPISCOPAL CHURCH 
The Rev c A G Kerr has resigned 
his appointment as Rector oi Si Peierts 
Musselburgh and SI Andrew's 
Presionpan*. Edinburgh. 


Birthdays today 

Mr Lindsay Anderson. 63: Mrs 
S. Bandaranaike. 70: Mr Chris 
Barber. 56; ihe Rev Professor 
L.E. Browne. 99; Miss Clare 
Francis. 40: Ihe Right Rev M.H. 
Ha Hand. 90: Mr George Kcyt. 
85: Sir Vincent Wigglesworth. 
87; the Right Rev J. Yates. 6!. 


St George's College, 
Wey bridge 

Summer Term begins today. 
Speech day will be held on 
Sunday. May 18. with Mass at 
llam and prizegiving at 
2.30pm. The guest is Mr Patrick 
Nobcs. Old Georgians day is on 
June l. The Rigbi Rev Cormac 
Murphy-O’Connor, Bishop of 
Arundel and Brighton, will 
officiate at confirmation on 
Wednesday. June 18, at 5pm in 
the college chapel. The boat club 
regatta will be held on 
W'cdnedsay, July 9. Term ends 
on Fridav, July 11. The seven- 
teenth choir tour to Belgium and 
Holland will take place from 
Thursday. July 17 to July 27. the 
7V Dcum being sung in Ghent 
Cathedral on July 21. Belgian 
National Day. 


Imperial Cancer 
Research Fund 

The forty-seventh annual meet- 
ing of the Governors of the 
Imperial Cancer Research Fund 
was held at 44 Lincoln's Inn 
Fields. London, WC2. on April 
15. 1986. The chairman of 
council. Sir David Innes Wil- 
liams. was in Ihe chair. He 
presented the annual report for 
the year ended September 30. 
1984. The accounts were pre- 
sented by Sir Thomas Gore 
Browne, Treasurer of the lm 
perial Cancer Research Fund. 


Forthcoming marriages 

Mr US. Bakombe Mr AJS. I^wendial Dr F.AJE. Reere 

and Miss A J. Newman and Mss BAL Golden and Mrs J.E. Bright 

The engagement is announced The engagement is announced The engagement is announced 
between tan Sidney, son of Mis between Andrew, son of Mr and ^weenFred Reeve, of Wood- 
Jovce Balcombe and ihe late Mr Mrs Lawrence LowemhaL of St j am is St Mary. Berkshire, and 
. jm Bright ■ (nee Senior), 


Lewis Balcombe, of Altrincham. 
Cheshire, and Ashley Jane, 
daughter of Mrs Jacqueline 
Newman and the late Mr Jack 
Newman, of Sheffield. 

Mr C.F.B. Coombs 
and Mrs S-M. London 
The engagement is announced 
between Carey Coombs, of Bris- 
tol. only son of Dr and Mrs 
C.J.F. Coombs, and Sue 
Loudon, of Edinburgh, daughter 
of Mr E.W. G ocher and of Mrs 
W.M. Gocber. 

Mr C. Cox 
and Miss A-J. Haye 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, son of Mr 
and Mrs E.R. Cox. of 
Wokingham. Berkshire, and 
Amanda, daughter of Mr 5. 
Haye: of Saltash. Cornwall, arid 
Mrs B. Haye, of Tonbridge, 
Kent. 

Mr J.P.G. Eller 
and Miss G. Sanders 
The marriage arranged between 
Julian, elder son of Mr Wray 
Eller and the late Mrs Elizabeth 
Eller, and Gudnm, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Kurt 
Sanders, will take place in 
Ostiabnick on May 3. 

Mr A J. Enins 

and Ms J.C. Shelley 

The engagement is announced 


John's Wood. London, and 
Beatrice, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs. John B. Golden, of Ken- 
sington, London. 

Dr DJ. McFerran 
and Miss TJL Phillips 
The engagement is announced 
between Donald, elder son of Dr 
and Mrs J.B. McFerran, of 
Bel&st, and Tanya, only daugh- 
ter of Dr and Mrs D.L. Phillips, 
of Stock, Essex. 

Dr AJ&. Morgan 
and Dr S-A. Llywetya-Jones 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, eldest son of 
Mrs Mary Morgan and the late 
Mr Harry Morgan, of Shere, 
Surrey, and Sally, only daughter 
of Mr and Mis John Llywelyn- 
Jones, of Swansea, West 
Glamorgan. 


of 


London, SW6. 


Mr K.L Thomas 
and Miss D.A. While 
The engagement is announced 
between Keith, only son of the 
late Mr Ifor Thomas and of Mrs 
Barbara Thomas. of 
Sanderstead, Surrey, and 
Deirdre. elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Martin White, of 
Crandall. Hampshire. 

Mr G.K. Wood . 
and Miss EJVL Bailey 
The engagement is announced 
between Glenn Keith, son of Mr 
and Mrs Murray Wood, of 
Oak ura. Taranaki, New Zea- 
land, and Eute Margureie. 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Ian 
Bailey, of Sv Heliers, New 
Zealand. 


OBITUARY 

VALENTIN KATAYEV 
Satirist who survived 
the Stalin era 


Dr AJ. Newman 
arid Miss S.E. Boon 

The engagement is announced . 

between Anthony James, son of jYl2tmag6S 
Mr and Mrs BJ. Newman, of Mr C j. CaJlacher 
Beckenham, Kent, and Sally 
Elisabeth, daughter of the late 
Geoffrey Boon, of St Kitts, and 
of Mrs Elisabeth Boon, of 
Bournemouth. Dorset 


Lieutenant T.A.C. Rogersoo, 
RN. 

and Miss H.R. Johnson 


IUC tnKdKUIlCIU 19 (UUIUIUHiCU _ . * 

between Alan, only son of Mr Jhe engagement ,\s _ araounerf 


and Mrs John Ewins. of Hayes. 
Middlesex, and Joanna, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Allan 
Shelley, of Glaston, Rutland. 
Mr PJV1.W. Fletcher 
and Miss P.H.A. Levey 
The engagement is announced 
between Piers, son of .Colonel 
and Mrs MJ.R- Fletcher, of 
Folkestone. Kent and Paula, 
daughter of Brigadier and Mrs 
J.G. Levey, of Hindhead, 
Surrey. 

Mr P-J-L. Floyd 
and Miss G.D. Carter 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, son of Mr and 
Mrs L.W. Floyd, of Gerrards 
Cross, Buckinghamshire, and 
Gail, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
A.B. Carter, of Roundhay, 
Leeds. 

Mr A.A.G. Gow 
and Miss SLD. MicUem 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, younger son 
of Mr and Mrs R.G. Gow, of St 
Martins. Guernsey, and Sylvia, 


between Tom. elder son of Mr 
and Mrs A.C. Rogersoo, of 
Wimbledon. London, and 
Hilary, younger daughter of Mr 
and Mrs H. Johnson, of Penh, 
Scotland. 

Mr l.K, Runcte 
and Miss M.C. Corrie 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian. son of Ken and 
Margaret Runcic. of Garvald 
Grange, East Lothian, and Mary 
Clare, daughter of John and 
Anne Come, of The Limes, 
Curry RiveL Somerset. 

Mr M J. Silver 
and Miss CL Nery 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark Jonathan, only 
son of Mr B.B. Silver, of 
Newbury Park. Essex, and Mrs 
A. Finlay, of Snares brook, Lon- 
don. and Caroline Louise, youn- 
gest daughter of Mr and Mrs 
H.S. Nery, of Nately Scores, 
Hampshire. 

Mr M.G. J errant 


younger daughter of Mr and Mrs amt Miss N-C-M. Wingfield 
T.C.W. MicUem, of Kirdford, The engagement is announced 
West Sussex. between Mark . only son of 

Mr R.B. Stevens Major and Mrs G.FJ. J errant, of 

and Miss V J. Davies ■ Lower Wraxall Farmhouse, near 

The engagement is announced Dorchester.' Dorset, dnd Nicola, 
between Robert, younger son of elder daughter of the late Mr 
Mr and Mrs B.R. Stevens, of G.C.B. Wingfield and of Mis 


Wilmslow. Cheshire, and Vir- 
ginia. eldest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs T. Davies, of Breinton, 
Hereford. 

Mr J.D. Leigb-Pemberton 
and Miss X.F. Lamport 
The engagement is announced 
between John, son of Mr and 
Mrs Robin Leigh-Pemberton. of 
Torry Hill. Sittingboume. Kent, 
and Kate; daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Martin Lamport, of 
Theberton House. Tfaeberton. 
Suffolk. 


D.H.B. Neal of Hackney Lodge, 
Melton. Woodbridge, Suffolk. 

Mr J.D. Robertsoo-Mc Isaac . 
and Miss £LA- Hooper 
The engagement is announced 
between John Donald, youngest 
son of Lieutenant-Colonel J.R- 
Robertson-Mclsaac and the late 
Mrs Robertson-Mclsaac. of 
Canonbie, Dumfriesshire, and 
Elizabeth Ann. younger daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs P.R. Hopper, 
of Calverion. Buckinghamshire. 


ami Miss SLA- Ross her . 

The marriage took place on 
April 12. at All Saints' Church, 
East Meon, Hampshire, of Mr 
Christopher Galiaeher. elder 
son of Mr and Mrs lan 
Galiaeher, of Calstock. Corn- 
wall, and Miss Susan Rossiter, 
daughter of the late Mr John 
Rossiter and of viscountess 
Cross, ofltchenor. West Sussex. 

A reception was held at 
Langrish House and the honey- 
moon will be spent abroad. 

Mr CJL George 
and Miss R-E. Green 
The marriage took place on 
April 12, in . Belmont Abbey. 
Hereford, of Mr Charles Rich- 
ard George and Miss Rachel 
Elizabeth Green. Dora Simon 
McGurk officiated. 

The. bride was given in mar- 
riage by Judge Patrick Medd, 
QC, and was attended by Miss 
Charlotte Jinman. Mr Richard 
Buckeridge was best man. 

A reception was held at 
Carfax' House and the honey- 
moon is being spent in the Far 
EasL 

Mr R.C. Hope 

and Mrs JJR-E. Wart 

The marriage took place quietly 

on March 22, in Devon, of Mr 

Richard Hope and Mrs Gloria 

Ward, widow of Lieutenant- 

Colonel J.R.E. Ward. RE. 

Mr P.AJD. Sawller 
and Mrs AG. Lee 
The marriage took place at 
Henley-on-Tbames, on 
Wednesday, April 16. of Mr 
Philip Scouller. son of Mrs Elder 
Scouller and the late Mr Elder 
Scouller. and Mrs Gate Lee, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Stanley Rubin. 

Mr GJVL. Wefley 
and Miss PJL Micklem 
The marriage took place re- 
cently in Tasmania between Mr 
Gary Weiley, of Sydney, and 
Miss PbjHppa Micklem, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs T.C.W. 
Middem, of Kirdford. WestJ 
Sussex. 


Plymouth College 

Summer Term begins today at 
Plymouth College and NJ. 
Barron remains head of school 
The inspection of the CCF takes 
place on Thursday, May 22. The 
inspecting officer is Major-Gen- 
eral C.T. Sbortis. Term .ends on 
Tuesday, July 15. 


Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 


BIRTHS, MAORMeCS, 
DEATHS and M MEMORMM 
£4 a Boo + 15% VAT 

(minimum 1 Lines) 
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|wi-ih on mr shall nesrr ihird. 
Si jodn O' 15 


BIRTHS 

ALDRIDGE - On aih of April at West- 
minster Hospital lo Marcsa iw 
Sarooodi and Michael, a son 
Alexander John. 

ARMTTAGE - On loth April 1^86 lo 
Kaie < nee Clarki and Paul, a son Ben 

BATHURST - On 91b oi April 1980 at 
Oueen Mary'*. Hoebamplon. lo 
Nicola in re Palmer) and Andrew, a 
son. Rupert Andrew James. 

DROUGHT OR - On 1st April io Shlrtey 
mee EJsoni and Robin, a son James 
Lai ham Clcmeniv 

CURHM - on Aon! 3. In New York 
Cuy. io Carmen irtee Haln and 
Charles, a son. Charles Gaiter Row- 
land Fernando Clifford Hall. 

GASS • On I«Ui April in Athens lo 
Marianne and Simon a son. Christo- 
pher James. 

GOJJBRAND - on 15Ul April 1986 lo 
Emma >nee Goble) and David, twin 
sons. Thomas and Jack, brother* lor 
Frances. 

GOULDfNG. On J6W April 1986. lo 
Caroline tnee Ca\endi*bi and 
George, a dauotiter. Laura Vasuko 
Danielle, a sisJer tor Rory. 

HORNE - On J3Ih April >986 ai The 
Simpson Memorial Maternity 
J»a* HWon. Edinburgh, a son Graham 
Oirislopner Mild non. 

MATHESOM - On 1 70i March in Lon- 
don. to Kale mee Macoueen) and 
>var. a daughter, babel Ellon wy. a 
sister tor John and Calum. 

ROBINSON - On AprU.lW) 1986 Ot 
Bath to Penny ince Cobb) and 
Craeme. a son Richard Timothy, a 
brother lo James and George. 

RUTTER on April lOUi lo Kale and 
John, a daughter. Sopme-Louite. a 
s*Mer for Tom 

WAUD - On April 15Ui 1986. lo 
Deirdre mee WardJ and Chrtsioiiher. 
a daughter Juliet Oare Virqinia- 

WITHfKSHAW-On ldth Anri! 1986 ai 
WyUienshawe Hospital, lo Lyn m«e 
Poinngerl and Rod. a daughter. 
Natasha Clare, a swier for Samantha. 


DEATHS 


AUBREY - tin April Mm to his 80th 

year- peacefully at horn* sftef * 

ffun* fully short (KnedS. Edward 
TiUsKme Lawic dearty tovw hus- 
band of Marpery. father of Si izanae. 
Rosin and Cnsorn Funeral ai Ran- 
dalls Park. Leathortioad. Friday 
Apnl i8th at am. 


I BANTOOI on April 14th. TetJ. peace- 
fully In hospital after a prolonged 
disability borne with great courage 
and humour. Dearty beloved and 
ev er loving husband of Agnes. Devot- 
ed and much loved father of 
Elizabeth and Philippa. Fnend of 
Tim and Jo and Pop to Alice. 
Charles. Emily and Peter. Funeral on 
Monday April 2isl 3.30 pan. at Chil- 
ler ns Crematorium. Amersham. No 
flowers but enquiries and dona Lions 
ri desired to British Heart Foundation 
c-D Cooks Funeral Services. 72 
Broad Street. Chesham. Bucks. Tel: 
0494 785151 

BLACK- On 15th April 1986. at home, 
alter a long illness borne with great 
courage. Anne, dearly loved wife of 
Sir Room, mother of Barbara and 
Kathryn, grandmother of Siobhan. 
Fiona. Stefan. Damian and Oliver. 
Service at Yaiteadon Church on 
Monday 21 si April at 3 30pm. 
Family flowers only please, 
donations. If desired, may be seni to 
The Cardiac Fund iBailte Hospital) 
Reading. 

CLARKE - On Apnl I3U) suddenly. 
Jack uohn QtarKsi beloved husband 
ot Hannah, rather of David and Vita 
and their families. Funeral ai Hoop 
Lane Cemenlry NWil. Thursday 
t7Ui Apnl at i2.30am. 

CROON on Saturday April L2th 1986 
peacefully. Sir John Hainday darting 
husband or Valerie and much loved 
father of David and Ubby and grand- 
father ot James. Patrick and Olivia. 
Serv ice St Johns Church. Princes St. 
Edinburgh on Friday April isth at 
2pm followed by private cremation. 
Family flowers only, but donations if 
desired to St Columbia's Hospice. 
Boswall Rd. Edinburgh 
DOUC LAS-FENK ANT - On April 13 
1 986 afler a molar accident. Henry. 
dearly loved nusband Of Pam and 
father of Venetia. Rupert. Andrew 
and Edward. Funeral service at St 
Mary's Church. Matching. Nr Har- 
low. Essex on Saturday April 19th al 
2 30pm Familv flower* only Dona 
Uorr* if desired lo Si Mary the Virgin. 
L/lUe Laver. 

FAIRN on the 12th April 1986 at 
home. Richard Duncan loving hus- 
band of the late Marion Chnsilna 
Faun, father of the late Jonathan 
Fairn and grandfather of Martin. 
Nicola. Stephen and Timothy, a for- 
mer Assistant L'mtcr Seereiarv of 
Stale. Home Office. Cremation 
preceedcd by a (maker meeting for 
worship at West Chapel Breakspere. 
Crematorium Ruislip on Monday 
21*1 April al 3 26pm. a memorial 
meeting to be arranged taler, family 
flower* only, donations H desired to 
East London Family Service LniL 
c. o Highway- Club*. DclJow Street. 
London E 1. 

GAYFORD - John Cubitt. on April 
lath, ai homo. Myrtle Cottage. Ab- 
bots Leigh, much loved by ail his 
famliv. Funeral at Holy Trimly 
Church, on Monday April am. at 
2.30 pm Family flowers only. Dona- 
tions. if devred. to M R J scanner, 
c o J.L.G. Thomson. Frcnchay Hos- 
pital. Bristol. 

GREEN on Apnl 13th 1986 in hospltaL 
Olive Emily of MiU Rd. Bamfngham. 
SoJfofk Widow oi Arthur Green. 
Barrister Funeral Service at Ipswich 
Crematorium. West Chapel on 
Thursday. April £4ih at 2 46 wit 
Enquiries lo fUcklUim Funeral Scr- 
uees. Stanley Rd. DIM. Norfolk. 

GREY - WUUMn Edward, aged 90. 
Peacefully at home on lain ADnL 
Scr. icc Si George's Church. BecVen- 
ham. on 3Znd April 41 2pm followed 
hy cremation. NO flowers by request. 
Donations if desired to Royal Mason- 
ic Hospital. Ravenscouri Rat*. 
London 1*6. 

HEwrrr <m Apnt ism aged 83 late or 
EsVdaw Lodge. Amenthame. Enna 
Sadie inre Buoenberqi w«jow of Les- 
lie iDtctij Hew ill sadly missed by 
li*a. Dick. Bill and Tim. Funeral ser- 
vice at The Free Church. 
Antersftome. on Thursday April 2416 
at 3.15pm tallowed by cremation. 
Enow net to H. C. Gnnwlead Ltd. 
Tel. 02403 6130 


HIKHES-STANTON on 12th Abril 
1986. At home after a long Illness. 
Jocelyn Ann me* Henshawi. Much 
loved wife Of Simon. Mather of 
Mar*. Kate. Sam and Flora. Crema- 
tion on Friday April 18th at 12 
o'efoe* at Guildford Crematorium. 
Flowere lo Funeral Serv ices Lid. The 
Square. PeiersfleU. Hants 
KEEN - on April 12th. peacefully in 
her steep. Aiuw Cuniba Keen of 
Emsworth: beloved wife of Ihe lale 
P.J. Keen CMC.. MB.E-. much 
hived mother of Peter Gordon -Smith, 
and step-mother of Patrick.. Penny 
and Charles and grandmother to 
their rarrnly. Funeral service St. 
James's Church. Emsworth on Fri- 
day April 25tn at 2 pm followed by 
private cremation al Chichester. 
Family flowers only, donations if de- 
sired lo British Red Crow Society. All 
enaulnes u> W w raignt & Son. The 
Square. Emsworth 3722 55 
KELLS - On i2lh April 1986 In Lon- 
don. Lilian* Kells. M.V.O.. Chevalier 
d* I'Ordre dc Leopold 11.. Croix 
Oviquede Premiere ClasM. Requiem 
Mass al SL Mary's Church. Cadogan 
Sirwt SW3 tomorrow. Friday, the 
lath April at 2pm.. to be followed by 
bunal In Cunnersbury Cemeniery 
H I.P All enquiries to A. France & 
Son. Telephone. 01-405 J901. 
MACKENZIE - on 14Ui April 1986. at 
Ihe Roval Marsden Hospital, after a 
tong illness, bravely borne tor the en- 
couragement of others. Hanush John 
Massie aged AS years, loved by he 
wife Gillian, ms children. James and 
Julia. Stalwart friends and a mulu- 
lude of ‘neighbours' . Flowers lo a 
living neighbour or donation* lor 
psychological encouragement to Ray 
Powlcs. Royal Marsden HospilaL 
Sutton. Surrey Funeral service al SI 
Andrews United Reformed Church. 
Easi bourne on Tuesday 22nd April, 
at u. 45am followed by cremation. 

MANN - On Apnl the 14th 1096. as a 
result of a acttoenl John Fumeaux 
of CaramuL Victoria. Australia. 
Loved husband of Janet 'deceased >. 
dearly- loved father of Sophie and 
Wiibam. and beloved eldest son of 
lan and Audrey. 

MARSON on Sunday. April I3(h 1986 
peacefully al his home. Ravenswood 
House. Camberiey. Michael James 
Marson. beloved husband at EUza- 
beih and dearty loved earner of 
Charles and Sylvia. Served in Eu- 
rope with the Queen's Royal 
Regiment. Civilian lecturer al RMA 
Sandhurst 1956-1973. Funeral ser- 
vice al Woking Crematorium on 
Friday. April ISTh at 3.-30 Dm Me- 
morial service i possibly May lOihilo 
be announced early May No flow- 
ers. Donations U wished lo Si 
Christopher's Hospice. SE26 or The 
Bible Lands Society. High w ycombe. 
HP1S 70U. 

MORVEN Myrelte. on April 12U1. 
1986. unexpectedly. Funeral at 
Gamers Green Crematorium, on 
Tuesday 22nd April, at 2.20pm 
Flowers vo P w Ballard and San 
Lfd 308 Old Brampton Road. Lon 
don SWS. 

PAYNE - On 1 SUi Apnl at 
Southampton General Hospital. 
Laura. treasured daughter oi 
Cainona and John and adored sister 
or AJevander and Alice Private 
funeral. 

PHILLIPS- On April ]5th 1656. at a 
Custom Nurunc Home. Stoiei ivy. 
aged ^ years Forrra?ny of Codoi- 
piun School. SoUsbury. and taneriy 
of SI Marycnurrti. Torquay, and 
Throwlcigh. Devon Funeral service 
al Exeter and Devon Crematorium. 
Tuesday 22nd April at 12 noon En- 
quiries lo Mewrs Cootnbes and Sons. 
Funeral Directors, Boves Tracey. 
Telephone i0626i 833409. 

PORTER - On April 14. suddenly at 
home. Maurice Malcolm. Dental Sur- 
geon. Fmnian of Ihe cuy of London 
and Liveryman of the Worwupiu! 
Company of Musicians. Beloved nus- 
band of Danuta and much loved 
falner. lamer m law ana grandfa- 
ther Funeral at Goidw* Green 
Crematorium on Friday April is at 
U. 30am. 


RICHARDSON on the 141ft April, 
peacefully al home. In WUUngdon 
Eastbourne. William Geoffrey. The 
beloved husband of Mary and dearty 
loved father of Paula. Funeral Ser- 
vice to take place at Soutftover 
Parish Church. Lewes, on Tuesday 
22nd April at 2.00pm. followed by 
interment in the cemetery. Family 
flower* only but donations If desired 
to the British Diabetic Association, 
c ' o Coooer and Son Funeral Sen-tee. 
42. High Street. Lewes. Sussex. 
102731 475557 and <08251 3763. 

THOMPSON - On 15th April 1986 
peacefully hi hospltaL James Peter 
Maurice aged 70 years. Beloved hus- 
band of Anne and father of Martin. 
Funeral service on Monday 2tsf 
April 1986 3pm. Colder* Green Cre- 
matorium <Wesf Chapefi. Flowers to 
L evert on & Sons Ltd. 212-214 
Everahaft St. London Mt’t by turn 
Donations d desired to the Unit ersuy 
College HosptfaL Gower Street. Lon- 
don WCl. 

TOPLEY - On April 12 1986 
peacefully m hospital. Captain Hugh 
Topley. O.B.E.. area 87. Funeral 
service Tuesday April 22 at 12 noon 
at Bournemouth Crematorium. 
Flowers may be wnl to Dertc-ScoU. 
Portman Lodge Funeral Home. 
Bournemouth. 

WESTON SMTra On 15th of April 
aged 86 years, al Pfera Hall Nursing 
Home. Commander Weston Smith. 
OB E PS Retired. Kyriestde Dym«*. 
Cios. Much loved husband of Peggy, 
rattier of Joan and Anthony- Funeral 
al St Mary's Church. Dymock. on 
Saturday 19th April al 9.46 am fol- 
lowed by Cremation. Family flowers 
only please Donations if desired to St 
Mary's Church. Dyntock. 

WH JUTES - Tragically on April 14Ui 
1986 Annette Mary, beloved wife of 
Eric and mother of Stuart. Service 
on Friday April 16th at 2pm at St. 
Paul's Church. Nork. lot lowed by 
bunal in Banstead Churchyard. 
Family flowers only please and do- 
nations io Queen Mary's HosollaL 
Carshallon. Surrey. Dental Section 
(or Handicapped Children. 

WHITTtHIIE - on 13th April 1986. at 
Sraynes HllL Angela, widow of Sir 
Maurice Wlutiomc. peacefully In her 
85th year. Funeral at St. 
Augustine's. Scaynes HllL 11.30. 
Friday IBlh ApnL 


MEMORIAL SERVICES 


BREEN There will be a Memorial Mass 
for Arthur Vivian Breen MBE MC 
Crux de Guerre avec Palme, held In 
ihe Chapel of the Convent of the As- 
sumption. 33 Kensington Sq. London 
W8, on Saturvtay April 19th al II 
am 

COLLIER • The memorial service for 
H. Maron Comer of Chartbury, Dun- 
fop Malacca and Meffieume will be 
hcto ai me Parish church. Woodford. 
Stockport. Cheshire on Friday April 
25Ui 1956 al 2.30pm. Enaumes to 
061 439 4656 or 0742 302123. 

COLLIER - The Memorial Service for 
H Marlin Collier of Chartbury. Dun- 
loo Malacca and Melbourne will be 
held al (he Pansn enuron. Wood- 
ford. Stockport. Cheshire on Friday. 
Apnl 25U>. 1986 at S.JOHn. Enqui- 
ries to 061 439 4650 or 0742 
305125. 

HALSEY - There will be a Service of 
Thanksgiving lor me life of winiam 
Edmund Halsey . at St John the Bap- 
tist Church. Great Caooesdro. on 
Thursday May Sih. at 3 pm 

HICKS - A Service of TbanJtsgr ring for 
Ihe life and worV ot Mi« Agnes 
Hirks OBE. will be held al St Jude's 
Church. Couniield Gardens. London 
SW5. on Thursday BUi May 1966 al 
2 3Com AU her friends are welcome. 

LL0YD-R08CRTS - There wjlJ be a 
memorial sers ice tor Mr George 
LJnyd Robert-. MCHFRCS al SI 

Margaret's Church. Westminster at 
3*»m on Wednesday 30th April 19B6 

W1HT0H David ■ A service of thanks- 
<awnp to be held ai The Parish 
Church of SI. Martins Church 
Siwi Epsom. 12 noon. Thursday 

Mai' am 


Luncheons 


Mr Peter Rost. MP. Mr Tony Speller. 
MP. Mr Jack Thompson. MP- and 
representatives of as»ociaied 


Psthclab limited 
The Directors of Pathdub Lim- 
ited were hosts at a luncheon 
given yesterday at ihe Berkeley 
hotel, Wilton. Place, London, 

SWI. The guests were: 

Dr Uotiet ‘Kooctawtu. Mr Victor 
Lucas. Mr EWc Mtomman. Mr wtuiam 
Frankel, Mr-Raphaet Dkmogiy and Mr 
Hyman Simons. 

Manchester Luncheon Club 

■Professor EG. Wedell, Director w .... 

of Ihe Europran Institute for the speakers were Mr W.G. Prynne, 
k4~f, a lln.vre^tv Wanle ^ and S if Alex 


rebresentatlves 
oTBanfsattona. 

Cadets' Company 
The annual surgical award din- 
ner of the Cutlets’ Company was 
held last night at Cutlets’ Hall 
when Mr Denys Randolph, 
Master, presented ihe Curlers’ 
surgical prize for 1986 to Mr 
Christopher Bulswode and a 
CuiJers’ surgical research gram 
to Mr Km Chatamra. The 


Media. Manchester University, 
delivered a lecture to members 
and guests of the Manchester 
Luncheon Club yesterday at the 
Free Trade Hall. Mr A.M.R. 


Jarrait The guests included: 

Lady JarratL she Prestdeni or me 
Royal cot lege of Surg eons of Bwtand 
and Lady SJaney. U* President of trie 
Association of Surgeons 0f_ Great 


mwiripA, ^FfhoHuh Brtiatn and trstaod and Mri Shield^ 
Bndgrort. president OI tne CIUU. Ihe Masters of Uw BarOm and 


Sctenuflc Instrument Makers' Compa- 
nies and of me Society of Apothe- 
caries and their ladles. 

Ross McWhhter Foundation 
The Ross McWhirter memorial 
dinner was held last night ai 
Haberdashers’ Hall. The free- 


was in the chair. 

Royal College of Svgeons 
of England 

Professor Sir Geoffrey Slaney. 

President of the Royal College 

of Surgeons of England, yes- . 

ter day entertained at luncheon dom address was given by Sir 
' " — *“ Woodrow Wyatt and the guests 

included: . 

Lord and Lady Bdoff. Lord and Lady 
Harris ot High Cross. Lord Rawnnson 
of Ewell. QC- Lord Vinson. Sir ton 
Mariaggarf. Sir Anthony Burney. Sir 
Ronald Halstead. Sir Dudley smith. 
MP. and Lady Smith. Mrs Rosa 
Me Whiner. Mr NorMs McWhirter . Ute 
Rev Michael and .Mm Bordeaux. Or 
Michael Hooker. Mr and Mrs Malcolm 
Me At otoe and tne Rev Bass Watson. 

South Africa Club 
The Ambassador of South Af- 
rica presided at a dinner test, 
night given by the South Africa 
Cub at the Savoy Hotel. The 
guest of honour was Dr Anton 
Rupert and others present in- 
cluded Lord and Lady Cayzer. 
Mrs Lynda Chaiker, MP, and 
Mr and Mrs R. Lane. 


rat the college Sir Timothy 
Bevan, Mrs E Pollitzer, Mr 
Percy R. Levy and Mr R.M. 
Kirk. 

Dinners 

Annilage and Norton 
The Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress, accompanied by the 
Sheriffs, attended a dinner given 
by the Partners of Armiiage and 
Norton last night at the Man- 
sion House. Mr John A Hume 
presided and the other speakers 
were ihe Lord Mayor, the 
Controller of the Audit 
Commission. Mr John M.M. 
Ban ham, and Mr Ian E Hayes. 
The Earl -or Lauderdale 
The Earl of Lauderdale enter- 
tained the Parliamentary Group 
for Energy Studies al dinner 
yesterday evening in the House 
of Lords. Professor Richard J. 
Eden. Head of the Energy 
Research Group. Cavendish 
Laboratory. Cambridge Univer- 
sity, was the guest of honour. 
Others present included: ' 

Sir JonrT Osaorn. mp icnaiimani. 

Lord ironsMV. Lord Briguwftaw. lord 

CllUteroe- Lord Grcvson. Vhcouni 
Han worm, vrcoum Momsonwy of 
Alamotn. Lord Scanlon. Lord 
Sketanersdate. Mr Spwvrer Battue. 
MP. Dr Michael cum. MP. Sir 
william Clark. MP. Mr Eric 
Codteram. MP. Mr David Crown. 
MP. Mr prter Hardy. MP. Mr David 
Mr Allan Rogers. MP. 


Appointments 

Latest appointments include: 
Judge J-A. Baker. Dr AJ. 
Blowers. Mr DJ.K. Coles. Ma- 
jor WJ. Hacbet Pain, Viscount- 
ess Han worth and Mr J. 
Macfarlane, io be Ifeputy 
Lieutenants of Surrey. 

Dr George Graeme Erick Lowe, 
director of the Atomic Energy 
Research Establishment, 
Harwell, to be a full-time mem- 
ber of the United Kingdom 
Atomic Energy Authority Board 
from April 4 to March 31, 1991. 


Northern Ireland gallantry award? 

The Ministry of Defence an- 
nounces the following list of 
awards for operations in North- 
ern Ireland. 

ARMY PERSONNEL. 

ose 


to be additional Commanders of Uie 

Military rn vtston: 

ColonM R W Acwortn. UW .The 
Queen's Rcjttnteil: Brigadier H M 
“ late Coldstream Guards. 


Rose. 

To be additional 
Military D4i-Mton: 

Lieutenant -Colonel A I G Kennedy, 
The Gordon Ktoh Lander*. Lieutenant 
Goto net mow Colonel! W J Manuel. 
Royal Army Ordnance corps: Lieuten- 
ant Colonel a J Willing. The Royal 
Hampshire RegUnenl. 

To be additional Members of the 
Military .Otvtston. _ 

Mai R Vaughan Brim*. Lb Mat P 
Leiawsy Dennison. Par: Capi C L 
Dumey. Kim's Own Borden Mai F G 
EUldrt. LDR: Cant P D Fraser. 
Hopewell. RS. wo Class I H J 
Goddard. Signals: Copt R C Gutnile. 
RE. Capt O O Hills QCM: ini Corps: 
Mai B 1 H Kitchener. HEME. WO cm 
■I J McCorkril. RMP: WO Cl»g U D 
Manby. LL Mai C B SmlUi-Rewse. 
AAC: Mai H F D Stevenson. UDfi. Mai 
i Quartermaster) W C Waller. D and 0. 
BRITISH EMPfRE MEDAL 
.M1UTARY DIVISION) 

Staff Sgt (now WO CUoa HI J 
Anderson. RRF: Sgt T R Brown. 
LDR: S«t R S Burrows. LDR. W 


Officers of the 


Qlteepts Gallantry medal 
WO CMOS BAR Adderton. RA; Cp) 
'now son a c rirtn. para: caw l p 
N unn. RAOG: Staff Sgt H L Platts. Ini 
Corpi 

AIR FORCE CROSS 
Mat B J CO*. AAC. 
MJUTAWYMEDAL 
Cpt J J O Evans. ROJ: Staff Sgt M R 
Francis- QOG: Stair S«1 mow WO 
Osss Ot E W Morgan. . Para. 
MENTION IN DESPATCHES 
Sor mow Staff Sgt; H R AUtson. 
Signals: Cpt mow SgO i F Batgetd. tnt 
Corps: CW K E BWdocfc. Royal 
Anglian; L CDt L J Burton. O and O. 
Cot G c Campbell, tote RHF: Cpi imw 
S«l acting Staff SOU 3 E Chide. Para: 
Cam H R Cooper. UDR; wo dens n i 
Domingo. KOSB: Sgt K R DonneUy. 
Royal AnaUan; Mai A J M Duncan. 
Cordons: wo Class n W G calucher. 
LDR: L CDt J Gorman. Gordons: C op t 
C P Kopkiraon 9/ i 2 L: Ueut -Col _ft C 


. Hunt. OOM. WO Class- B” T _ 

jKtaan. D and D: cam now 
Lawson. In i Carps: Ueut-Col M □ 
Lemon, HEME; Staff Sgt (now WO 
Cia«s in S Mantt. Queen's: Sgt ‘ 
McDonald. Cordons: Pie w 
McMullan. UDR: Pte D L Ml ten. COR: 
Maj j B O' Gorman. IO: l- cot (acting 
Cpli M J_ Patterson. RRF.. - 


Scti A R Popptewrtl. 


T GUOiriBt. tnt Cares: Start 


J .. 

_ .sun 

Sgt B H 

M Rutland. R 


McMullen. RRF: Sgt M 
Anglian 


GEORGE MEDAL 

Sgt mow Suit Sgt! J S Pollock, tnt 
Corps. 

BAR TO THE QUEEN'S 
GALLANTRY MEDAL ' 

wo CUcs I C R Ferguson. RAOC. 


. Bdr i acting 

__ RA. L cm s 

Quiotev. UDR: WO CUM H C Robson. 
DVVh; Capt (QM1 V H Rodgers. RRF: 
Capt D EHowUnton. Souls. Cpf ISG 
So tores. □ and D. Staff Sot lading WO 
CUa III M L Thomas. Para: Slg 
(acting L-Cpt> O v Turner. RC signals: 
Capt C J VkjrasB. Ini Corn*. Cant 
fav-ung Mot> C w Wotcn. aac Pte 
■ acting Cpti J B W Watt. A and S H: 

wo Class l t d Witney, mi cores: 
w.O. Class II W Wary. UDR. 

NAVAL PERSONNEL. 

SEM iMUJTARY DIVISION) 

Chief communlcaiMn Yeoman B P 
Court*. RN. 

QUEEN'S GALLANTRY MEDAL 
Cpi F J Sowea. RM: Col Sgt P j Evans. 
RM: Marine J N S Melvin. RM: Cot 
Sgt 8 Wells. RM. 

MENTION IN DESPATCHES 
FDLttMP Douglass- RAF, 


Valentin Katayev, the Sovi- 
et novelist and playwight 
who managed to portray life tn 
Russia without traversing the 
party line, has died, aged 89. 

He was one of the rani 
survivors of the literary gener- 
ation which came to the fore 
in the 19120s, who suffered the 
indignity of having to rewrite 
one of his books at Stalin s 
command. . , 

Born in Odessa m 1897, he 
volunteered as a soldier in the 
war of 1914-18 while still a 
schoolboy, was wounded and 
gassed, and then took an 
adventurous part in the fight- 
ing during the civil war in the 
Ukraine. 

Even at the start, Katayev 
exhibited a satirical relish of 
his own and also a strong and 
not conventionally Russian 
feeling for the picaresque. 

Probably bis most success- 
ful and entertaining novel is 
The Embezzlers 11925). a 
satire of a couple of corrupt 
officials who travel across the 
country looking for the high 
life on appropriated money 
before giving themselves up to 
the law. 

In a very different style. 
Forward. O Time! (1932). the 
least theory-ridden novel 
about the first Five Year Kan. 
shows that he could share and 
convey the excitement of Uie 
revolution without - allowing 
his writing to be stifled by 
iisfrequent single-minded- 
ness. 

With a story of a brigade of 
concrete-mixers in Magnito- 
gorsk who break all records for 
concrete-mixing, he pays his 
obligatory tribute lo the needs 
of '‘socialist construction” in 
industry. 

In his earlier phase, 
Katayev gave evidence of 
notable gifts as a novelist, 
indulging to good affect a vein 
of comic invention and a turn 
of satirical humour that are. 
both in the Gogol tradition. 


Bui with Ihe increasing 
regimentation of Soviet litera- 
ture his work became less 
distinguishable from thai ot 
other authors required to ob- 
serve the proprieties of social- 
ist realism, and lost substance 
and freshness. 

With his next novel. 
Kaiavev’s powers visibly de- 
clined. Lonely 8 Mr Sad, 
which pictures a small boy in 
Odessa during the Revolution 
of 1905. has moments of real 
charm, but is otherwise slight 
and wavering of purposc- 

This is hardly surprising as 
Katayev. often subjected to 
the same kind of humiliation 
that others had to endure, was 
forced by Stalin, in 1951. io 
rewrite, in fact mutilate, the 
book with the charge that it 
had foiled to depict the Com- 
munist resistance in Odessa 

correctly- , _ . 

Unlike Alexander Fadeyev, 
who committed suicide tr 
1956, he survived the expen- 
ence and from 1955 Jo 1%2 
edited Yunosi, a monthly 
magazine which- with Aon - 
A Ur. introduced most of the 
best young writers, founders 
of a style which Katayev 
described as mauvisme, from 
the French mauvais, because 
it rejected socialist realism. 

The most celebrated or his 
plays is Squaring (he Circle, a 
forcical comedy about two 
Komsomol couples sharing 
their honeymoon in a commu- 
nal basement- 

The prodigious success of 
this play on the Moscow stage, 
and indeed throughout the 
Soviet Union, over a good 
many vears is not to be 
explained by its intrinsic mer- 
its but by the innocent release 
it afforded in the habitually 
grim aftd tense conditions of 
life in Ihe Soviet Union. 

Katayev was an officially 
sanctioned writer throughout 
the period of Stalin’s rule, and 
in 1946 won the Stalin Prize. 


SIR JOHN CROOM 

ciple medical officer: to the 


Sir John Crooro, FRCP. 
FRCPE, who was President of 
the Royal College of Physi- 
cians of Edinburgh from 1970- 
73 and a general physician of 
skill and repute, died on April 
12, aged 76. 

John Haliiday Croom was 
bom on July -2, 1909, the son 
of David Haliiday Croom. a 
distinguished general practi- 
tioner. and grandson of Sir 
Haliiday Croom, in his time 
Edinburgh's most eminent 
obstetrician. 

- He was educated at Trinity 
College, Glenalmond, 
GonviUe and Caius College, 
Cambridge and Edinburgh 
University, graduating in 
medicine in 1933. 

As a Territorial Army offi- 
cer in the Royal Army Medi- 
cal Corps. Croom- was 
embodied for war service in 
1939. Employed mainly as a 
specialist physician, he served 
in France, the Middle East, 
Malta and Italy, finishing as 
Lieutenant-Colonel. 

He was mentioned in dis- 
patches, and awarded the 
Territorial Decoration in 
1946. He was a consultant 
physician to the Army in 
Scotland from 1970 to 1975. 

Croom returned to Edin- 
burgh in 1 946 as a consultant 
physician to the Royal Infir- 
mary, an appointment from 
which he retired in 1974. He 
was also a part- rime senior 
lecturer in the university .de- 
partment of medicine. 

Although his special interest 
was in metabolic disorders, he 
was foremost a general physi- 
cian. highly and affectionately 
regarded by both his col- 
leagues and patients. - 

He held a number of impor- 
tant consultant and advisory 
appointments, including prin- 


Standard Life Assurance 
Company, medical adviser to 
the Royal Bank of Scotland 
and to the Northern Light- 
houses Board. 

He gave dedicated service 
over 30 vears to the Royal 
College ot Physicians of Edin- 
burgh of which he was fellow, 
as were his father and grandfa- 
ther. Between 1950 and 1970 
be was successively secretary, 
councillor and vice-president 
He was president from 1970- 
73. He-was made- a fellow of 
both the Royal College of 
Physicians of London and the 
Faculty ofCommunity Medi- 
cine in 1972. 

In his later active years 
Croom gave increasingly of 
his time and talent to the 
organisation of. and opportu- 
nities for, the iraming of 
young physicians and the 
problems of medical manpow- 
er in the National Health 
Service. 

He was chairman of the 
Scottish Committee of Action 
on Smoking and Health 
(1972-77} and the Scottish 
Council for Postgraduate 
Medical Education (1974-79), 
to which he made a notable 
contribution, as well as to 
numerous other health service 
committees and groups. He 
was also actively concerned in 
the promotion of care of the 
terminally ill. He was 
knighted in 1975. 

Croom's interests outside 
medicine included racing, 
fishing and golf, although in 
his last years the physical 
requirements of the latter two 
became heavy. 

He is survived by his wife. 
Valerie, who gave him much 
devoted care in his last illness, 
and by a son and daughter 




MR SECOR BROWNE 


Mr Secor Browne, formerly 
Chairman of the United States 
Civil Aeronautics Board and a 
leading thinker on the organi- 
zation of air transport, has 
died in Boston, United States, 
aged 69. 

His early career was with 
the Kroeschell Engineering 
Company in Chicago and he 
went on to join the Aircraft 
Instruments Division of the 
Barber-Col man Company, of 
Rockford, Illinois, where he 
became a leading authority on 
aircraft instrument design 3nd 
development, to which he 
made a substantial contribu- 
tion during the war. 

From 1951-55 he was a 
manager with the Aircraft 
Instruments, and Control Di- 
vision of the Standard 
Thompson Corporation at 
Waltham, Massachusetts, and 


in 1956 founded, and became 
president and chairman of the 
board of the Browne and Shaw 
Company, consultants it 
aeronautics based at Cam- 
bridge. Massachusetts. 

Browne was appointed as- 
sistant secretary for research 
and technology at the United 
States Department of Trans- 
portation in 1969 and. later 
that year, chairman of the 
Civil Aeronautics Board, a 
position he held until 1976. 

Tn later years he became i 
vigorous opponent of the con 
cepl of de-regulation for Unit 
ed Stales transport, believinj 
that it carried a "free for all’ 
too far. to the detriment o 
financial results generally anc 
as a cause of worsening airlint 
services to small communi 
ties. 


AIR VICE-MARSHAL 
HOWARD FORD 


Air Vice-Marshal Howard 
Ford. CR CBE. AFC, who has 
died aged 80. was an outstand- 
ing athlete who represented 
Britain in the decathlon at the 
1928 Olympic Games al Am- 
sterdam. as well as the Empire 
Games ofl 930 and 1934 when 
he won gold medals. 

Ford was educated at 
Blundell's School and' Pem- 
broke College. Cambridge, 
where he excelled in sport and 
was captain of the Cambridge 
ski team in die 1926 Kandahar 
Race. 

He joined the RAF in 1 930 
and was to spend his enure 
professional life in the service. 

He saw active service 
throughout the war and was 


awarded the Air For 
in 1944. He was irans 
the technical branch 
and was director, Ai 
mem- Research and I 
meat, Ministry 1 of 
from 1952-55. He ws 
technical staff officet 
Training Commanc 
1956-59, and vioe-t 
(1960-61), then r 
(1962). of the C 
Board. He retired f 
RAF the following ye 
Ford was appointe 
Captain in 1947, Air < 
dore in 1953 and ^ 
-Marshal in i960, 
made a CBE in 1954 s 
in 1959. ■ 

He married Mane 
in 1936 (she died in j 


15 


April 17, 1986 



A SPECIAL REPORT ON 

CONFERENCES & EXHIBITIONS /I 



a bigger 



C onferences and exhi- 
bitions make up a 
£1-6 billion-a-year 
British industry 
which is growing, is exciting in 
its exploitation -of new tech- 
nologies and techniques and 
. which is promising more new 
jobs. Buz. there is a debate at 
the heart of this comparative 
success about the industry's 
future pattern of develop- 
ment; decisions that could be 
crucial may not be far away. 

The debate has arisen essen- 
tially because of the different 
ways in which the industry has 
developed in Britain and the 
Continent, where public-sec- 
tor influence has been stron- 
ger- 

There has been a greater 
proclivity across the Channel 
to pour national or local funds 
into facilities which are seen 
as producing a pay-off for a 
whole, community as confer- 
ence and exhibition business 
- is drawn to an area, bringing 
spending by delegates and 
others to shops, holds, restau- 
rants and entertainments. 

This appears to explain 
some key factors, In 1983 in 
the United Kingdom, exhibi- 
tions generated business of 
around £526 million and con- 
ferences £655 million, accord- 
ing to British Tourist 
Authority analyses. The value 
of the conference market rose 
to £735 million in 1984. 
Spending on business tourism, 
mainly conferences and exhi- 
bitions, was put at £1.25 
billion in 1983, rising to £L6 
billion in 1984. 

Trade estimates suggest that 
growth continued last year. 

T^e latest study of exhibi- 
tion trends nevertheless does 
not make too happy reading. 


It 15 the work of Dr Fred 
Lawson of the University of 
Surrey with its high reputation 
in the leisure industry field, 
carried out under the aegis of 
the British Tourist Authority. 
Dr Lawson found West Ger- 
many has been attracting 
nearly eight times as many 
foreign exhibitors compared 
with British venues and five 
times the number of foreign 
visitors. In France there were 
four times as many foreign 
participants. 

More exhibitions are held in 
Britain but they lend to be 
smaller than similar events in 
Europe. It reflects the different 
structure in Britain, according 
to Dr Lawson. The new Paris- 
Nord complex, with 12 bil- 
lion, square feet of exhibition 
space, is larger than the Na- 
tional Exhibition -Centre in 

Birmin gham 

There is substantial growth 
in the conference market, 
according to the BTA. There 

Investment in new 
facilities vital 

was a 9 per cent growth in. 
1983 over the previous -year 
and 1984 saw a 12 per cent 
increase. 

The BTA believes there is a 
close correlation between the 

g ittern of business arrivals in 
ritain and attendances at 
conferences. The BTA expects 
3.28 million overseas business 
visits this year, an increase of 
nearly 40 percent on the Z36 
million visits in 1982. . 

But the BTA m its latest 
analysis warns:. “While the 
value of the conference mar- 
ket appears to have mown - 
consistent!/ Britain, is raring 


formidable competition in the 
international market place." 
International association 
meetings increased tv a fifth 
from 1980 to 1984 but 
Britain's total remained static. 

The BTA says it leaves two 
challenges to the British in- 
dustry. Investment in new 
facilities needs to be sus- 
tained, with refurbishing of 
existing venues — and promo- 
tion needs to be pressed home 
to the inlernatiodal derision- 
takers in the conference field. 
The BTA said: “The potential 
rewards have sever been high- 
er bm the level of internation- 
al competition, has never been 
greater." 

Even though London last 
year hosted the American Bar 
Association . annual confer- 
ence, probably the most fabu- 
lous money-spinner of them 
all. it hardly invalidates the 
point 

At any rate Britain this year 
has a new conference offering 
— the Queen Elizabeth II 
conference centre oposhe 
.Westminster Abbey and just 
behind Parliament Square. 
The £44 million development 
is a government venture so 
state needs make the first call 
on its facilities. But it is taking 
commercial bookings as wen 
at a location which could 
hardly he bettered once dele- 
gates are there. Their hotels 
will on the whole be not quite 
as close as might be desirable 
but there is "no doubt h is a 
plum position. 

Current investment in con- 
ference centres amounts to 
£105.4 million, according to 
the latest assessments of the 
English Tourist Board. That 
includes (he Queen Elizabeth 



The new Qneen Elizabeth II conference centre: Built by the Government opposite Westminster Abbey and near Parliament Square 


investment, still the largest 
angle injection in the sector. 

Local authorities are re- 
sponsible for most of the other 
projects in this category, the 
main exception being the con- 
version of the Royal Agricul- 
tural Hall at Islington into a 
business design centre. Euro- 
pean Regional Development 
Fund grants have played their 
part, with £2.1 million going 
to the Alhambra Theatre in 
Bradford, £2.4 million to G- 
Mex in the imaginative con- 
version of the Central Station 
at Manchester and £22 mil- 
lion to the Rosetor conference 
centre at Torquay. 

A shortage of exhibition 
space in London is forecast for 
the next decade in London by 
Dr Lawson. By 1991 demand 
for space is projected to rise by 
a half above 1983 levels. 

He would like to see another 
£47 million spent by 1991 on 
increasing capacity, which he 
believes would yield an 8 per 
cent net return on capital after 
three years. This increase in 


capacity could be achieved, he 
considers, by options like the 
extension of facilities at Earls 
Court and Olympia or com- 
pletely new centres either in 
Docklands or in the west ol 
London dose to the M25 and 
Heathrow airport. 

Among the ideas being ex- 
plored in the Docklands area 
are an arena and a domed 
facility, both large-scale. 

Government and local au- 
thority support may be neces- 
sary to help create the sort ot 
shop window in the capital 
which could compete on equal 
terms with the new facilities 
being provided in mainland 
Europe, Dr Lawson points 
out. But the prizes could be 
attracting a number of major 
international expositions lead- 
ing up to the end of this 
century, * culminating in a 
Great Exhibition of 2001. 
which will be the 150th anni- 
versary of the original Great 
Exhibition. 

It might be argued that it 
could be a platform for dem- 


onstrating British industrial 
renaissance and giving a boost 
to exports as the oil revenues 
wither. Dr Lawson's reckon- 
ing is that such a scale of 
development could bring an 
economic benefit overall to 
the capital of £70 million a 

London outperforms 
the whole sector 

year by 1991, £138 million by 
1996 and rising ultimately to 
£224 million a year. 

He warns in the study: 
“There can be little doubt that 
the United Kingdom has fall- 
en well behind other compara- 
ble European countries in 
developing its exhibition in- 
dustry and that the economic 
loss to this country is 
considerable." Action is need- 
ed urgently, he maintains, 
because foil implementation 
of any plans will take probably 
until at least the end of the 
present decade. 

Not all those in the industry 

i 1 


are equally convinced that a 
.massive expansion in 
London's facilities is the an- 
swer. A single big new centre 
could, they argue, simply hit 
Britain's other big single cen- 
tre. the NEC in Birmingham. 

At Earls Court and Olym- 
pia. part of the P & O group, 
there are plans to increase ihe 
Earls Court capacity by a 
quarter. The new Olympia 2 
has raised capacity at this 
other site by 34 per cent, 
attracting 26 shows in its first 
year by providing facilities 
tailor-made for medium- 
sizeevents which otherwise 
have gone to hotels and other 
smaller venues. 

A trend throughout the 
industry for running confer- 
ences in tandem with exhibi- 
tions has led to plans for a 
conference centre area at 
Olympia. 

Tint Harris, chairman of 
Earls Court and Olympia, who 
says that the operation has 
been a contributor to group 
profits, said: “There is room 


to add on further. We will do 
that when we know the de- 
mand is there." Meanwhile he 
remains sceptical of too fast a 
rush into pouring public mon- 
ey into providing vastly ex- 
panded facilities in London. 

But he added: “The indus- 
try has been doing well overall 
and London has been outper- 
forming the sector as a whole. 
We are still under a lot of 
pressure to pul on more shows 
even though there has been a 
shake-out. for instance, in the 
high-technology show sector." 

Exhibitors are looking for 
value for money which could 
mean a bright "future for the 
fixed-stand concept, success- 
fully exploited at Olympia, 
which is cheaper because it 
slashes time taken in erecting 
and dismantling entirely indi- 
vidual stands. 


Derek Harris 

Industrial Editor 


A few facts 

about the UK exhibition market leaders 


Over 90,000 sq. metres of exhibition 
space in the heart of London. 

Over 70 shows yearly. 

Over 3 million visitors each year. 
Over 650 direct employees. 

An unrivalled package of exhibition 
services, including organising, 
technical, contracting, catering and 
security. 






OLYMPIA 
OLYMPIA 2 


Farls Court & OfympiaLtd * Warwick Road, London SW5 9TA 
Telephone: ( 01 ) 385T200 -Telex: 919746 Ecando G 


A Member of the P&O Group 



Conference time 
again? 



Wte’ll do the work.TbiTll be the star. 

Every Holiday Inn® hotel has a conference team. A team of professionals 
who ensure a smooth, efficiently-run conference. We understand your 
needs and have all the facilities to make your ideas work. 

Book your next conference at a Holiday Inn hotel 
and be the star. 



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CARDIff (Open Summer 198® 0222 399944 • GLASGOW 041 226 5577 
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UONDON-SWSS COTTAGE 0 J-722 77 11 * MANCHESTER (Opening flarfjr 887) 
NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE 091 236 5432 ■ PLYMOUTH 0752 662866 
PORTSMOUTH 0705 3831 SI 










THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 17 1986 


CONFERENCES/2 



How the seaside takes the trade 


Not every conference or exhi- 
bition organizer wants to go to 
London. The political parties, 
for instance, have found that 
the big seaside resorts can 
provide a pleasant environ- 
ment as well as less expensive 
hotel accommodation for 
their annual autumn 
meetings. 

Harrogate and more recent- 
ly Birmingham. Glasgow and 
Manchester offer an attractive 
alternative with fewer trans- 
port costs for northern indus- 
trialists to exhibit, their 
merchandise. 

The Greater Manchester 
Exhibition and Events Centre 
which the Queen opened on 
March 2 1 is only one example 
of a spate of new regional 
centres which are competing 
for international as well as 
national events. Another is the 
Scottish Exhibition and Con- 
vention Centre which was also 
opened by the Queen last 
November. 

Funding for the new Man- 
chester complex is being 
shared equally by the public 
sector and the private sector 
but there are now hundreds of 
smaller venues funded by 
hotels and other wholly com- 
mercial operators throughout 
the UK- 

Known as G-MEX. the new 
Manchester centre is an imagi- 
native development which has 
transported the disused Vic- 
torian Central Station and its 
great single-span Train Hall 
into the h'igh-technology era. 

A big advantage for this 
centre is its location in the 
heart of the city, offering 
visitors access to offices, ho- 
tels, restaurants, night clubs 
and theatres within a few 
minutes' walk. 

The new Manchester and 
Glasgow exhibition halls are 
looking for international as 
well as national events. This is 
one reason the Glasgow centre 
was particularly pleased to be 
able to announce almost on 
the eve of its grand opening 
that it had booked up the 
August 1987 meeting of 
CEDESCO (Le Comite 
Internationale d'Esthetique el 
de Cosmetologie) against 
competition from Spain and 
Israel. 

Two thousand international 
health and beauty experts are 
due to attend the three-day 
event and for any who have 
attended conferences in Scot- 
land before, the new £36 
million development repre- 


Accommodating 
your conference 
is our business. 

Nomatterwbatyour 
conference requirements 
may be. we’re confident we 
can accommodate you. For 
the varied facilities and 
friendly environment mate 
the University of Manchester 
an ideal venue for 
conference* seminar* 
training courses and summer 
schools during vacations. 
Whafi more, our professional 
staff wiH go out of the way to 
prove the point 
For more comprehensive 
information please consult; 
Christine Bolton, Conference 
Office C299, University of 
Manchester. Oxford Road, 
Manchester M 1 3 9PL 
Tel: 061-273-3333 Ext 32J1 

Large enough to cope. 

Smalt enough to care. 






: J 

vs <& . H a 

: : :W. 

k w ‘ZtisBi 


. 4 ■ - V ; yv 



Inside Manchester's conference centre; Funded equally by public and private sectors 


sents a great improvement on 
the old Kelvin Hall. 

Ai Birmingham, where the 
National Exhibition Centre 
was one of the first of the new- 
generation regional venues to 
give London a run for its 
money, one response has been 
to pool resources and market 
the region as a whole. The 
other has been to initiate a 
second large-scale develop- 
ment to provide conference 
facilities which are associated 
with the existing exhibition 
space. 

Construction starts this year 
on a £107 million complex, 
the Birmingham International 
Convention centre, due to 
open in 1989. 

EEC investment for 
a new centre 

The new centre is intended 
to complement the exhibition 
halls and will comprise three 
large convention rooms seat- 
ing 1.500. 3.500 and 1200. 
with several smaller halls and 
seminar rooms. 

Meanwhile, a very active 
Birmingham Convention & 
Visitor Bureau formed in 1982 
has been marketing a variety 
of other venues in a 1000 
square mile area, ranging from 
Stratford-upon-Avon to Cov- 
entry and Warwick under the 
banner of the Big Heart Of 


The Isle 

of Conferenceman. 

Looking for a different, more exciting venue for your 
conference then the isle of Man must come first 
Consider the wide targe of facilities which cannot be matched 
by centres in the United Kingdom. For instance, in Douglas 
there are five main venues, the largest can hold up to 4000 
delegates. Many hotels both in Douglas and the smaller resorts 
have excellent in-house conference facilities. Communications 
worldwide are excellent, yet whilst you've travelled abroad 
you've no currency problems. 

Savour more of our differences, experience our unique 
attractions, the historic towns, the lovely scenery, the delicious 
seafood, then you'll realise why the Island is so popular 
amon^i conference goers. 

Find our more about our conference opportunities. contact 
Hilary Dugdale by ringing (Qd2-t) 74323 or write to the Isle of 
Man Tourist Board, 13 Victoria Street, Douglas, Isle of Man. 


The Isle of Man 

Itfs our differences 
that make the difference. 


England. The bureau co- 
ordinates bookings in 140 
varied locations, including the 
cricket ground, the home of 
the Professional Golf .Associa- 
tion. assorted hotels and pub- 
lic houses and Warwick 
Castle. 

A big feather in its cap was 
the World Conference of the 
International Rotations. They 
brought 22,453 members and 
wives to the area in 1984. 
Another important event won 
against international competi- 
tion is the Round Table 
Convention scheduled for 
1087. 

Among other towns which 
have developed new facilities 
is Nottingham with its the 
East Midlands Conference 
Centre. This is located two 
miles from die city centre and 
is next to the Nottingham 
University campus. 

The seaside resorts have not 
allowed themselves to fall 
behind the new competition 
from the industrial centres. 
One of the most remarkable 
new developments has taken 
place at Scarborough which 
with English Tourist Board 
help raised a grant partly from 
the EEC and partly from 
private investors to redesign 
completely its old Spa The- 
atre. 

Now it is a modem conven- 
tion hall which has brought a 
great deal of investment, esti- 


mated at about £1 2 million to 
the town. 

At the other end of the 
country. Bournemouth has 
unwrapped a brand new £17 
million centre and is pitching 
for international business as 
well as the big political 
conferences.The enormous 
4.000-scat main auditorium 
can be retracted to provide 
18.460 sq ft of exhibition 
space. A second smaller hall, 
the Tregonwell. seats up to 
1.220 people and a small 
exhibition area can be used 
concurrently. 

Bournemouth is looking en- 
viously at Brighton which, 
partly by luck through its 
proximity to Gatwick airport, 
and partly by good planning. 

Delegates spent 
£86m In Brighton 

has built up a substantial 
•presence on the international 
conference circuit. Last year 
its events included the Inter- 
national Association of Light- 
house Authorities to SIBOS 
85. (the Swiff International 
Banking Operations Seminar) 
and next year it is expecting 
the International Association 
of Gerontology. 

Having been in the confer- 
ence business for almost 100 
vears Brighton has great expe- 
rience. It was one of the first 
British seaside resorts to shake 


■M 


Imperial College 

Conference , 
Centre £ 

Situated on the boundary of the Royal JC.U 

Borough of Kensington and Chelsea and , 

the Qry of Westminster, the area for . TJ jffij 

Museum*. Phrics. The Royal Albert Halt : TPiim 

and Krngbfabridge and High Street 

Kensington shopping- 

Conference facilities for TaTlW 

1 2 to SOO Delegates J j 

(Lecture theatres & classrooms). IP- 

Exhibition Areas — ' f 

2/iOO & 7 BOO Sq. Fi. — 

Banqueting / Technical Sere-ices / I \ * j 

On campus overnight accommodation / I , \ ^ 

Sports Centre. 1 ! ! H. 

FOR DETA/LS OF AVAILABILITY f 

AND CURRENT BROCHURE . — J ; ’ i 

CONTACT: The Conference Office. ■ | ". 

Imperial College, London SW7 ZAZ.^- . jg J i - 

Tel; 01-589 Sill Ext. 31 S3. • I • 

Telex: 261503 \ J | ! 




off the grudging postwar ani- ; 
zude io foiling rooms to busi- 
ness delegates and iqjecicd a 
new purpose-built con ference- 
cum -exhibition centre into the 
heart of the town in 1977. 

Brighton fortunately did not 
hit the same problems with 
delays, escalating costs and 
trouble 'with local ratepayers 
which blighted the develop- 
ment of Harrogate's Interna- 
tional Conference and 
Exhibition Centre which was 
eventually opened by the 
Duke of Edinburgh in March 
1982, five years late. 

Nevertheless, the authori- 
ties are keen to stay in favour 
with ratepayers and try to split 
the bookings 50 per cent for 
conferences and trade events 
and 50 per cent for events 
which will be of interest to the 
townspeople. 

A few yean ago research 
showed that about a third of 
the £86 million a year which 
visitors spent in Brighton 
came from conference dele- 
gates. Probably an even larger 
proportion of the 8.000 local 
jobs which the study showed 
were supported by visitors 
came from the conferences 
and exhibitions trade. 

Most conference and exhi- 
bition delegates spend some 
lime sightseeing and shopping 
during their stay. Brighton is 
lucky in having the Royal 
Pavilion to offer as an impor- 
tant tourist attraction. Bui its 
Lanes complex of antique 
shops, pubs and cafes also 
helps to woo foreigners. 

Blackpool, which was 
Brighton’s main competitor 
(unlit the arrival of the new 
Bournemouth centre) for the 
big political and trade union 
meetings has a less genteel 
image, smacking more of fish 
and chips than escargots. It 
too has benefited from trans- 
port developments, notably 
the opening in 1975 of the 
M55. which brings it within 
easy reach of anywhere in the 
country'. 

A new four-star hotel of 250 
rooms, all with private bath- 
rooms and 12 suites (one of 
them Shirley Bassey’s 
favourite) has been added in 
the past few years. Another 
comparatively new develop- 
ment is a £10 million shop- 
ping mall right in the centre of 
the town. 

In 1983 the magnificent 
illuminations which turn the 
seafront into an electric won- 
derland every autumn alone 
were estimated to have 
brought eight million people 
to the town — some of them on 
company business. 

Patricia Tisdall 


ATS 







i» : Vev-*- 


| J 








The cabaret that sells 


The conferences which com- 
panies organize to launch new 


above ground while another 
magician wandered along the 

< n” 


products are very different -.beach with a model “floating' 
from the lecture-style events on air alongside. 


run by trade associations, 
■learned societies, political par- 
lies or trade unions. With 
music, coloured lights, danc- 
ing girls, fireworks and dry ice, 
they often resemble a cross 
between a fairground and a 
stage musicaL 

The frivolity, however, 
masks a serious business pur- 
pose. The aim is to attract the 
attention and above aD im- 
press key sales staff, dealers 
and customers. 

Car makers used to bold 
pride of place in setting up 
lavish spectaculars to launch 
their models to dealers. 

Increasingly, though, com- 
puter manufacturers, office 
equipment producers, airlines 
and even defence equipment 
makers are turning to razzma- 


Other functions need a little 
help from technology to grab 
the interest. One of the most 
difficult challenges which 
Standard Telephones and Ca- 
bles ever, tackled was in pre- 
senting the 1982-83 Faraday 
Lecture at the invitation ofthe 
Institution of Electrical Engi- 


tazz to impress potential cus- 
tomers. Office equipment 


tomers. Utfrce equipment 
producers have a predilection 
for holding their events in die 
south of France. Monaco or a 
similar venue where sunshine, 
wine and gastronomy can 
enliven the facts andfigures of 
a business presentation. 

In terms of pure theatre, one 
of the most elaborate shows 
which conference experts re- 


smess pur- neers. , 

attract the The subject of the lecture 
ve aB im- which toured 15 towns and 
iff, dealers cities during seven months 
was the technology of optical 
d to hold communication, which uses 
setting up laser light and tiny threads of 
to launch glass to transfer frifbrmation. 
Jers. The problem was bow to 

i ugh, com- mak e the “lecture" interest- 
ed, office frig. The answer which STC 
rrs, airlines used was a theatre set which 
equipment incorporated an elaborate 
torazzma- lighting system, film, stereo 
tential cus~ sound and multiple slide pro- 
equipment jection. 

tredi lection . It was conceived by Richard 
rents in die Pi] brow, one of the world's top 
[onacoora lighting designers, written 
e sunshine, with the help of broadcaster 


enliven the facts andfigures of moviMlifv thronoh 

a business presentation. * leXlDUKy 

In terms of pure theatre, one Satellite IlXlKS 

of the most elaborate shows ■ - — — — 1 

which conference experts re- Brian Redhead and opened 
member in the recent past was * with the recorded voice of!an 
the launch of British Airways’ Holm, the actor. Altogether 


new liveiy in late 1984. The 
presentation involved the 
construction • of a 216-seal, 
theatre with a moving audito- 
rium inside an aircraft hanger 
at Heathrow airport.. 

The 40-minute “show" 
started with stereo sound and 
cloud scenes to give a space 
atmosphere. The audience 
was then “flown" to the next 
scene. The performance ended 
with flashing “runway” lights 
focusing at a single green light 
which suddenly turned into a 
smoke-filled laser wall. Grad- 
ually the “wall" disappeared 
lo reveal the star performer — 
a Boeing 737 resplendent in 
the new livery. 

The audience was then in- 
vited to inspect the airliner 
and also a sample of a new 
check-in desk, a first-class 
lounge area, a ticket office and 
vehicles. As one audience filed 
through the cabin of the 
aircraft, another was assem- 
bling to take its seats and “fly” 
through the show. 

In this way, 10,000 people 
saw the presentation, which 
involved 50 tons of engineer- 
ing ’ equipment, 500 stage 
lights and five miles of cable. 

Sine events naturally lend 
themselves to show business. 
A convention of the Interna- 
tional Brotherhood of Magi- 
cians with more than 1.000 
delegates held at Eastbourne 
invited local residents to stop 
anyone wearing a badge and 
demand to see a new trick. 

Delegates as well as resi- 
dents were thus treated to a 
champion escapologist freeing 
himself from a rocket lOOft 


•84. The tfre 50-minute presentation 
ed the involved 1,400 slides and 
216-seat. 2,900 cues for audio- visual 
• audito- material under the title of The 
i hanger photon Cotmectioa. 

“show" In lheor y ai least, technol- 
und and ^ developed to 

replace the necessity for con- 


when advance booking of a : 
satellite channel has to be • 
accompanied with a large . 
down payment. ' 

Teleconferencing is. howev- _ 
er, becoming popular as an aid 
to helping conferences become 
more flexible and more mo- , 
bile rather than to replace; 
them. 

One company found it more ! 

effective to invite an audience ' 
to attend six different venues . 
around the country than to 
bring them all to London. Tne . 
separate audiences were * 
linked by landline, and a 
microwave link allowed dele- ‘ 
gaies to question a panel of 
experts from hundreds of ■; 
miles away — and see the - 
replies live. 

■ A combination of a comput-. ; 
er and video unit can be used 
to arrest the attention of 
passers-by and engage them in . 
a “conversation" by asking., 
questions and seeking re- . 
sponses. A keypad or 10" 
buttons at the front of tne ., 
monitor below the screen is .. 
pre-conirolled lo , provide a . 
sequence of responses to the 
viewer. The machine can also 
record the responses for analy- 
sis at a later date. 

An dement of show busi- >. 
ness can sometimes be most , 
successfizlly added outside the >. 
conference hail itself. Catering # 
managers, given sufficient no- * 
tices. can add their own 
“magic" touches — by repro- - 
ducing the association's sym- 
bol and house colours in ice •- 
cream or its name in pastry •; 
rolls or pasta letters in soup. * 

At dosing functions dry ice * 


ferences. Delegates can partic-. ^ fireworks can add consid- 
ipate in meetings without e^Iy to ^ drama while the : 
leaving their office* through impact 0 f comedians, singers * 
satellite-linked commumca- professional entertainers - 


tions equipment In practice, 
apart from experimental pre- 
sentations, satellite links are 
rarely used. 

One reason is the high cost 
of the equipment especially 


of all sorts can be increased by 
careful injection of tailored 
material - the names of 
corporate personnel, “in- 
house^ jokes and the like. 

PT 


The fringe 
benefits ofa 


SfniQOGSSfflSHsssssuafl 

TONFER ENOn 


Many of the best known names in Britain —and on the 

Continent have held meetings in Guernsey. 

Top executive meetings; Incentive groups: conferences 
for over 1,000 delegates; Guernsey can provide all the 
facilities in a unique atmosphere ttiat s British but abroad. 
For ftifl ^formation on meetings in Guernsey please confect: 
Michael RkiL Conference Officer. Department 17, 

Guernsey Conference Bureau, POBox 23. Guernsey. 

CHANNEL ISLANDS 701:0481 26611 


Take full advantage 
of our situation. 
We did. 


:\ tlmxiRsd p wizi»« on ziw 
Si Hith Coast has foJ u> Bourne- 
mi >uth becoming Britain's premirr 
holiday resort More luxury hotels 
and ljoivl heds than anywhere 
except l-ondon. including forty 
with conference foolitk-> and all of 
litem u ith price adv anuses over 
the capital city. A magnUicent new 
conference centre. Easy access. 
Delightful scenery. And a gtitter- 


ini: nfohdifo. it ail makes Bourne- 
mouth the irresistible ci inference . 
venue. 

Talk to ns about your conference 
and exhibition needs 

Talk u> Gill Price about it on 
iCiO 2-SS41 or 22122. Or write to 
her at Dept-T. the Bournemouth 
International Cent re. Kseier Koad. 
Bournemouth BH2 5BN. Telex; 
41*31*. 


CUSTOM 
BUIIT 

• Let us shape your next Conference 

■J : ..Tour xi~t: hi time ypi j ca-iad Coofertr-ze Cca-icc'.icn 

’AVlset^ej’.yov.: vtnferer.ce is bVcr ccrsvtict t/pziirage 

. - :i i. - - 

t ::£' r Vt-jue dsrrfr.g 

■ .pari‘sf sytyio^'.f.>«*i.recsu»-Ti;« totai'aookacc cr i-rre-y 

;i*.:oucr,out 

tSiX-'K; tlu; cbr-.trieot.^na.c-vijr; o'iy-lv. V. * 

Jf-VOUVbQl. O 'mt'-o C31 P~.'c 

neiri r'^cAsi*. o? r-jr ceAe-c' ft ' 
:'thj.:Ccmeisricc i Cc^.rTact^ Src-cirure' 

<i«r<Ctre •Oefecasjs'.aacoiri't : ' ■ ; 

' ' -• --p. : ''r. '.j ' : -.t- 
.<Lohiv rente- CoriT-ert'oo. u>r: Ti- ; - 



PC* Bbxl 2. v OrkVQ; TVX» ’ 
fe y ->'o« io9c*: r-«s^c" 
•.T*fefc-S772i (^ors: 1 SV.-Lv 
We 'Know that > our . 
confidence < • 

, something- • . v 

special . 

fONThHIfNCi: 

(XiNNWTION 



conference. 

Entertaining delegates is usually an 
expensive necessity. Onjersey, it becomes an 
affordable pleasure. 

Low duty and no VAT combine to cut costs 
all round. A 3-night conference in a 3-sun 
hotel can cost just £87.25 per head. Or in a 
luxury 4-sun hotel, up to £111. Costs which are 
calculated to please, for they include a welcome 
cocktail party and a gala / 

dinner on the final night. \ ^ 

Add the attractions j u 

of VAT-free shopping, / Z 

cheap car hire and the w 1 ■%*«# J 

value to be found in our — r 

many top-class restaurants, F ^ 
and you'U appreciate how important our fringe 
benefits can be. Particularly when combined 
with the expertise of our Conference Bureau, 
which will help you make the best use of a wide 
range of facilities for meetings of 2000 - or 20. 

Full deuils from David de Canerei ai ihejer&ev Conference 
Bureau. Slates or jersey Tourism. Weighbridge. St Heljer, 
Jersey CLOr ring 0534 76512/7BOOO. 

JERSEY 

ExeeUence with economy 




■ 1 ,/- 




Sp’' 





The International Centre. 


z^rConlerefzce Organisation Service 



Just ask Britain's 9 largest international trade fe/rs, the Motor Shaw, the 
Rotary Worth Convention, the Royal International Horse Show, the people 


comes close to offering the same superb facilities, space, accessibility and 
professional support as the Business Heart of Britain, ft you’d like to bring 


behind some of this country’s most successful product launches or many of your next exhibition, convention, business meeting, launch or sporting 

a *~ ■ L.‘ A — - M a h la IB A«An f laiAtai Ifc i n it 4 a nirtnl fviMfvMnt i^ rt rJ Lml < n If AF lllFlfo //t llfv /A 1* 


the biggest names in entertainment why they're fond of coming back to the 
NEC time and again. They'll ten you it’s because no other venue in the UK 


event to the biggest and best centre in the land, call or write to us for more 
information soon . We'd just iove to show you how much we can help. 


THE NATIONAL EXHIBITION CENTRE 
rW-a BIRMINGHAM ***, 

Exhibitions: 021-780 4141 Events: 021-780 4171 



V-U, I 








■> -r j.r: 




THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 17 1986 


% . • nri. 

■k -m ■■■ I h 

*- ‘" 22 ?^*? Tbe. Wffie* problem that a 
la* ■*■ ' «Ww? conference organizer feces is 
iff — to of fining a venue for the 
, 2- ■■ “-■ event Some search through 

s ■ "v c V*-: one or more of the many 
•" -.y-& ; directories. An increasing 

V~ "T? jfc number, however, are turning 
~TV / TS aW venue-finding agencies in 
’their search for conference 
space. 

The success of these age&- 

— w_ caesb the result of two factors. 

-»• .^ 7 ^=* Rna, there is not an authorita- 
live source that lists all the 
' V- V - ’ . •*? venues in the UK. The closest 
that .the industry can get to 
such a list is the Conference 
- Vic *? 3 Blue Book published by Spec- 


at 


Tinge 
its of a 
”sey 

rehet 


m -O “Ap '-MUICICIICC 

Blue Book published by Spec- 
trura Communications, al- 
E though Spectrum themselves 
C do not cteim that this is a 
compete list 

The use of venue-finding 
P agencies is very attractive, 
[\ particularly since their ser- 
vices are free to diems. 

' P«er Rand Conference 
Placements claims to have 
been the first organization in 
this field, having been set up 
in 1973. .Their method of 
working is now common 
throughout the industry. 

A client will contact the 
company, usually by tele- 
phone and explain what facili- 
ties am needed The agency 
staff search their records and 
locate venues that meet the 
criteria, make provisional 
bookings and provide the 

* client with information on- 
recommended venues. 

t Paris, which is London's maim 
r rival on the international con- 
■ Terences and exhibitions cir- 
cuit, is continaing to inject 
imaginative thin king as well 
- as substantial investment into 
its fatalities. 

The most prominent of the 
new developments is the con- 

• version of the La Vfllette cattle 
market and abattoir into a 
multi-purpose exhibition cen- 
tre, a theatre and a National 
Museum of Science and Indus- 
try. Estimated cost of the new 
complex is 4500 Bullion FF 
(£590 nuDioa). 

La Vaiefte, however, is only 
one example of the enormous 
quantities of state and mmncf- 
pal funds which Continental 
centres have pumped into 
± developing conference and ex- 
hibition facilities since World 
War H. 

Unlike Britan, and particu- 
larly London, where most of 
the development has been 
commercially fended, the con- 
tinental centres are considered 
symbols of doc and national 
Pri<te * . , , •• ± 

A similar devewpmeiit is 
now under way in the Far East 
where a federation of countries 
have pooled resources in the 
Asian Association of Conven- 
tion ami Visitor Bm-eanx to 
market their venues on the 
international front. Formed in 
1983, the Association repre- 
seats Hong Kong, Indonesia, 
Korea, Malaysia, the Phifip- 
pines, Singapore, Thai la n d, 
a Osaka, Macao and China. 

Each of these countries Is 
investing vast sums in develop- 
ing convention and exhibition 
facilities which wtD give the 
European centres a ran for 
their money. 

The end of 198<S should see 
the completion of the Raffles 
City Convention centre in 
Singapore, for instance, which 
will allow ap to 5,000 people to 
meet, eat and sleep under ooe_ 



CONFERENCES/3 


masters of time and space log on 


Once the dient has chosen 
pnees are negotiated and * 
the booking is confirmed by 
tte agpncy which then re- 
ceives a commission from the 
venue. 

Over the last II yeare, the 
number of companies provid- 
ing the service has grown and 

now there are between 30 and 

40, Most rdy on the experi- 
ence of their staff along with 
collections of brochures for 
their information. One of the 
newest companies, however, 
has recognized that this type 
of information is ideal tor 
computerization. 

_ Twelve months after begin- 
ning to assemble data on 
computer. Conference Care 
became operational The com- 
pany claims that they .can 
search more records more 
accurately by computer. 

. By charging hotels for being 
included m the data bask, 
they are able to give clients a 
list of suitable venues, even if 
the booking is m ade by the 
client direct. 

Venue-finding agencies 
tend to be viewed as a 
necessary evil by the hotel 
industry. As one hotel manag- 
er pm it, “They do bring m 
business, although it’s irritat- 
ing when we have to pay 
commission for an event that 
we have always booked direct 
in the past." 

Even so, the main hotel 
groups are creating their own 


Kaah Lnapnr’s 
Putrau weli- 
eqnipped 


root There are 57 hotels in 
Smgapare with more thaw 

18.000 rooms. By 1990, there 
win be 77 holds with over 

29.000 rooms. 

In Hong Kong, an Interna- 
tional Exhibition Centre is 
scheduled for completion in 
IMS. Bnt even with its exist- 
ing accommodation, Hong 
Kong attracted 462 interna- 
tional conferences and exhibi- 
tions in 1984 and hosted 

70.000 conference delegates. 

Kuala Lumpur, the capital 

of Malaysia, saw the opening 
last September of the vast and 
well-equipped Pntra World 
Trade Centre which can ac- 
commodate up to 6300 dele- 
gates. Ad joining it is a large 
outdoor exhibition area and a 
new 600-room Rim Pacific 
Hotel 

- Thailand has aiso seen a big 
increase in its popularity as a 
conference destination. In 
1975, the country hosted only 
68 international me e tings with 
5352 participants. By 1984, 
this had increased to 314 with 
24,161 participants. 

A new entrant in the market 
is Korra which te preparing to 
host the 1988 Olympic games 
and which this year will be the 
verme far the Asian games. 

What does this spate of new 
Ear eastern development mean 
for the Emopeaa conference 
and exhibitions industries? 

For Britons, it represents a 
significant marketing opportu- 
nity to provide designers, 
equipment and expertise from 
a pool of flexible and highly 
entrepreneurial talent which 


"tfitusien* 

IWUiADHU 

CMUUHZOT’ 



//feSSv \v 











venue-finding services. The 
Trusthouse Forte Hotels 
group has recently extended 
its Meeting Point service, 
adding a computerized search. 
This is similar to that operated 
by Conference Care, although 
h covers only the 200 Meeting 
Point properties. 

However, the most signifi- 
cant difference between Meet- 
ing Point and other venue 
finders is that the company 
has implemented a pro- 
gramme aimed at establishing 
what it describes as “consis- 
tent professional standards". 
This involves providing basic' 
conference equipment and ap- 
pointing a Meeting Point 
manager at each property. 


. . w. ; 


In the past, organizers have 
tended to have to deal with the 
different departments of an 
hotel individually. Trusthouse 
Forte claims that its Meeting 
Point managers will provide a 
central contact who has execu- 
tive authority. 

This is an example of a 
company moving into venue- 
finding as an extension of its 
existing business. The same is 
true of some conference pro- 
duction companies. Though 
many of the clients of these 
organizations select their own 
venues, some expect the pro- 
ducers to recommend suitable 
meeting facilities. 

It was this that led Com- 
mercial Presentations to cre- 


ate a separate department that 
searches out vermes for cli- 
ents. Their operation is differ- 
ent from that of the specialist 
companies because they ex- 
pea to organize the events 
that they place. 

in a similar way. Eaton 
Catering saw venue-finding as 
a logical diversification of its 
outside catering activities. 

Eaton’s speciality lies in 
finding unusual venues for 
events and these arc often the 
Livery Halls in London. Hav- 
ing placed an event m a venue 
such as that the company 
would expea to be given the 
task of arranging the catering. 

The range of companies that 
mill find venues for confer- 
ences is, therefore, very wide. 
Vet other organizations will 
provide the same service, 
again, free of charge. These are 
the many convention bu- 
reaux, although they vary 
enormously in their ability to 
understand an organizer's 
needs. 

Many of these bureaux pub- 
lish guides to meeting facilities 
in their own territories and 
some of them are very com- 
prehensive. The Hong Kong 
Tourist Association, for exam- 
ple. can provide a book which 
includes floor plans and di- 
mensions of many of the 
meeting spaces in Hong Kong. 

The British Association of 
Conference Towns, the British 
Universities Accommodation 


Consortium and the Higher 
Education Accommodation 
Consortium are also involved 
in \enue-finding. In these 
cases, they circulate a client’s 
requirements to their mem- 
bers which reply direct to the 
dient 

So the range of information 
and advice available to a 
conference organizer is vast 
with much of n being provid- 
ed free of charge. The only real 
problem, then, lies in finding 1 
the sources that exist - but 
then, no one ever said that ; 
organizing conferences was 
easy. i 

Ken Clayton | 


Spectrum Communications 
(0 1-744-4444). 

British Association of Con- 
ference Towns (0892-33442). 
British Universities Accom- 
modation Consortium (0602- 
504571). 

Conference Care (0234- 
327766). 

Peter Hand Conference 
Placements (0203-555383). 
Eaton Catering (01-729- 
5447). 

Commercial Presentations 
(01-741-8922). 

Meeting Point (HO) (0753- 
73266). 

Meeting Point (general que- 
ries, 01-567-3444). 

Hong Kong Tourist Associ- 
ation (01-330-4775). 


How the big overseas 
venues keep an 
P edge on the UK’s 


has developed daring the last 
tea yeais or so. Because of the 
differences in source of fund- 
ing and other characteristics 
British sounds, lighting, dis- 
play stand and equipment 
designers many of whom were 
trained in film and theatre 
tend to be both more mobile 
and more internationally 
minded than continental 
coanferparts. 

The continental centres 
however view the Far East 
development as threatening 
potential loss of business. 

Paris in particular which 
already dafrns to have Che 
hugest masher of conference 
seats of any city In the world — 
it has nearly 100,000 in pnr- 
pose-bo3t centres, hotels, oni- 
versities, hospitals' and 
museums, has responded with 
an extensive programme of 
new budding and refurbish- 
ment. 

Another new development in 
addition to la Vfltette, is' 
Informal a permanent exhibi- 
tion of comm uni cations media 
located in the futuristic La 
Defense business district. 

The centre, which is expect- 
ed to be operational within the 
next five years, is planned to 
incorporate a huge white mar- 
ble arch designed to compli- 
ment the Arc de Triumphe. It 
will also include a L, 200 -seat 1 
conference centre and 10,000 
square metres of exhibition 
space. 

Additionally, the Louvre 
Museum, dose to the tradi- 
tional shopping heart of Paris, 
is being greatly extended to 


All you need to have 
asuccessful 
convention in Germany 


doable in capacity by 1987 as 
tiie Ministry of Finance moves 
ont of the building. It will then 
become the largest museum in 
the world and there is a 
possiblity of a new convention 
centre and associated exhibi- 
tion space there. 

All this is extra to the 
prestige, pnrpose-tailf Palais 
des Cougres at Porte Maillol 
also in the centre of the dty. 
This imposing building, 
opened in the mid 1970s, 
incorporates 19 meeting 
rooms, 50 offices and exten- 
sive additional suites. The 
mam auditorium has 3,650 
seats with simultaneous trans- 
lation in six languages. 

Imposing facilities and 


buildings are only part of a 
location's attraction for con- 
ference and exhibition orga- 
nizers seeking big 
attendances. Good hotel ac- 
commodation is a vital ingredi- 
ent which some of the iron 
curtain countries overlooked 
in their conference venue plan- 
ning. 

This is not a mistake which 
Ear east cities such as Hong 
Kong or Singapore, whose 
hotels consistently win top 
ratings, are likely to forget. 
Less controllable however is 
the ability to convey a feeling 
of security. International con- 
ference calendars are fixed 
years in advance and the 
organizers Hindi from incur- 


ring disruption from political 
instability. 

Paris's biggest pins is its 
romantic sophisticated image 
bnt Switzerland ranks highly 
on the security stakes and it is 
not surprising that Geneva 
should rank third after Lon- 
don and Paris on the interna- 
tional league table of events. 

For conferences Geneva has 
an International Conference 
Centre and for large exhibi- 
tions the dty boflt the Palexpo 
centre opened in 1982 located 
within a mile of the airport and 
less than IS minutes’ drive 
from the dty centre. 

Switzerland however is a 
small country and it is perfect- 
ly easy for a delegate attend- 
ing, say an exhbition at Basle 1 
to drive to Zurich, the finan- 
cial heart where conference 
facilities are also being ex- 
panded, and then on to Geneva 
all in the same business trip. 

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28 


THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 17 19_86_ 

THE ARTS 



Television 

Nervous 

mystery 

Had motor neurone disease 
not found a famous victim In 
David Niven, it would proba- 
bly have remained an obscure 
condition about which doctors 
coaid tell patients nothing 
except that they were slowly 
going to die. the Best Kept 
Secret (Channel 4) was a 
documentary about the condi- 
tion which kills by destroying 
the nerves which control move- 
ment. At present the cause is 
unknown and there seems only 
a small prospect of a cure. 

The documentary was nar- 
rated by the actress Sally- 
Miles, who is herself affected 
by the disease. "How do you 
feel inside, watching your body 
disintegrate?" she asked a 
fellow sufferer. "Fascinated'*, 
he replied. Three of the people 
interviewed in this programme 
had died before it was 
screened, one after suffering 
from the disease for 18 years. 

The disease takes three 
farms. It can affect the head 
and neck only, causing slurred 
speech and difficulty in swal- 
lowing; It can bring about the 
progressive paralysis of the 
bead and the upper body: or it 
can begin in the lower limbs. 

The film, which was direct- 
ed bv Clive Donner. was made 
with great skill and delicacy 
which left the viewer with a 
curious feeling of optimism in 
the presence of people who 
were facing a death which 
David Niven described as 
ghastly. 

The human aspect of motor 
neurone disease, the feelings 
of anger, bitterness and fear 
which sufferers express and 
the practical problems of 
physical degeneration, were 
the programme's main focus. 
It was a little short on facts 
an it figures and could have 
been improved with a more 
ambitious medical explanation 
of the condition and a more 
sophisticated picture of the 
way in which funds for medical 
research are distributed. 
There was a strong hint that a 
disease which affects only a 
small minority - of people re- 
ceives an unfairly small share 
of research funds. 

Celia Brayfie ld 

Concerts 

Arditti Quartet 

Elizabeth Hall 


Here was an unexpected bo- 
nus to London's musical 
scene. Due to the late cancella- 
tion of an entire series of 
concern, the Arditti Quartet 
found themselves filling one 
of the dates at fairly short 
notice with Elliott Carter^ 
three Siring Quartets. This 
was apparently the first lime 
that ail three of the Quartets 
had been performed in one 
concert, and the composer 
himself came across from 
Paris for the occasion. 

Given the renowned com- 
plexity of Carter's idiom, it 
might have been thought that 
such a programme would be 
exhausting for performer and 
listener alike. In fact the 
opposite was true: this was a 


Sixty years after the almost 
Wagnerian folly of the old 
Shakespeare Memorial 
Theatre at Stratford was 
destroyed by fire (right), its 
shell next week opens up into 
the new house which has long 
been a dream of the RSC’s 
chief executive and joint 
artistic director Trevor Nunn 
(left): John Higgins reports 

Phoenix into Swan 
in the new theatre 
of audience contact 







New theatres are rare enough birds, 
and in the state-subsidized section 
thcv are in the endangered -species 
category. Bui on Saturday week the 
Royal Shakespeare Company in 
Stratford will open the doors of a 
new house, the Swan, with pre- 
views of The Two Noble Kinsmen. 
generallv reckoned to be a collabo- 
ration between Shakespeare and 
Fletcher. 

The Swan is within the same 
building as the main auditorium, 
downstream on the side of the 
Avon, and occupying the shell of 
what was the old Memorial The- 
atre before it was consumed by 
(lames more than half a century 
ago. For years the space was used as 
a conference and rehearsal room, 
whose acoustics were so good that 
Trevor Nunn long, long ago decid- 
ed to trv to turn it back into a 
second theatre. Plans were drawn 
up and there was a fund-raising trip 
to America. But the efforts bore no 
gold and the project was left on the 
drawing-board until one day a 
visiting American happened to 
spot the plans and offered to put up 
the money at once on the guarantee 
of strict anonymity. Presumably 
he, or she. did not want queues of 
theatrical mendicants at the front 
door. The anonymity has been 
maintained and the theatre opens 
with no one. apart from Trevor 
Nunn, any the wiser about the 


donor, who may or may not be 
present at the official opening next 
month. 

The shape of the Swan has to a 
large extern been dictated by the 
shell into which it must fiL It is a 
vertical house, seating 400. most of 
whom are on ground-level just 
below the stage they surround on 
three sides. Three very shallow 
perpendicular tiers provide the rest 
of the accomodation. 

The aim. which became clearer 
as the planning progressed, is to 
press the audience as close as 
possible to the playing area. Yet it 
is not. the architect. Michael 
Reardon, insists, a second Other 
Place. “Nor is it a traditional thiusl 
stage. It is even less an imitation 
Jacobean theatre. Rather 1 see it as 
a house where the carpenter has 
created the world in which the 
action takes place.*’ Indeed, the 
main impression given by the 
Swan is one of bright, light, 
burnished wood. Rarely does soc- 
cer influence theatre design, but 
after the Bradford City disaster the 
fire inspectors arrived and put in a 
few requirements. For once they 
were welcome, because their de- 
mands for fire-proofing coats 
stopped the umbers being black- 
ened in every sense of the word. 

Reardon reckons that the inspi- 
ration for his design, which in- 
cludes an airy and glistening 


rehearsal room immediately below 
the roof, came from the ducal 
palaces of the Veneto and the Po 
Valley, notably those of Sabioneta 
and Parma. There is also one 
influence from rather nearer home, 
which happens to be the theatre of 
Christ’s Hospital, near Horsham, 
which Trevor Nunn visited with 
one of the RISC's touring com- 
panies. 

Nunn, who is most likely to be 
found over the next few days in 
studios adjoining a Cricklewood 
duck-pond rehearsing the musical 
Chess . enthuses about the intimacy 
of the Swan. "It should contain the 
adrenalin you get when a relatively 
large number of people are in direct 
contact both with the actor and 
with one another. It will be a 
theatre where the dramatic effects 
are achieved by the actor, who 
should be able to engage the whole 
audience with the flicker of an 
eyebrow. It can never be a theatre 
of illusion." 

But is this not another way of 
saving that the Swan, with its sheer 
back wall, will be a designer's 
nightmare? "WelL it .will certainly 
not be easy for them. But we are 
not budgeting for visual extrava- 
gance. The audience will be so close 
to the action that 1 do not believe 
they will miss the ^design concept' 
they might expea in a proscenium 
theatre. It’s probably also worth 


mentioning that some of the plays 
we're doing contain information 
about the location in the spoken 
ie\L as was often the habit in the 
Jacobean theatre. Our style, which 
will have to be guided by the 
experience of this opening season, 
will probably turn out to be anu- 
baroque." 

So will the intimacy be akin to 
that achieved by a production such 
as Les Liaisons dangereuses, which 
has shown the RSC at its peak? 

-| agree that Liaisons is the best 
small-theatre production the RSC 
has ever done. But 1 think the Swan 
will achieve its effects by quite 
different means. In Liaisons the 
audience were drawn into the same 
room as the actors and turned into 
voyeurs. In the Swan the actors will 
have to be much more demonstra- 
tive and the audience will have to 
be participants." 

The actors will also have to learn 
how to project upwards as well as 
outwards and achieve what could 
be called a “vertical" style of 
playing. “Yes, you certainly can’t 
shut oui those immediately above 
vour head. But the vertical style, as 
you name it. has been conquered in 
Manchester’s Royal Exchange for 
instance. There will be certain 
technical things to work out: actors 
will probably have to be kept 
moving through soliloquies, for 
example, and it won’t be easy to 


find listening positions for charac- 
ters on stage." 

Almost from the start Trevor 
Nunn has been determined to use 
the Swan for what have been 
dubbed “contextual plays", works 
which might have influenced 
Shakespeare or been influenced by 
him. as well the dramas, such as 
The Two Noble Kinsmen, which 
form part of the Shakespearian 
apocrypha. But this could bring the 
danger of the Swan turning into a 
house for the second best. Nunn 
denies this vehemently and reck- 
ons that the danger would have 
been much greater had the Swan 
been used for non-box-office 
Shakespeare. 

“When we first thought about 
the Swan 1 considered putting 
Shakespeare into it. I've long had a 
hunch, for which 1 hav e n o 
evidence, that he wrote certain 
plays for small theatres because of 
the attention needed for the com- 
plexity of both plot and language. 
I'm thinking for instance of Timon, 
Measure for Measure, AH’s Well. 
Indeed there was a time when \ 
wanted to open the Swan with Ail's 
Well and had persuaded Dame 
Peggy Ashcroft to appear in it. But 1 
didn't want to create two divisions 
of Shakespeare. 

“The Swan offers quite different 
opportunities. John Gairri for in- 


stance has discovered on going 
back to Ben Jorson’s Every Man in 
His Humour that, despite the ntie. 
it gives the lie to the donnee that 
Jonson wrote about humours and 
not about people. I rou ” d .3 u L- lh ? 
Heywood's The Fair Maid of the 
if V st. which I'm directing, is an 
indicator of what entertained Eliza- 
bethan audiences: it’s stiff with 
right-wing propaganda, but it has 
journalistic energy and theatrical 
exaggeration. 

“That’s this season. Next year we 
might experiment: a familiar play 
performed in Shakespearian dialect 
as we assume it to have been; 
something like Twelfth A ’ighi per- 
formed with boys in the female 
roles to see how the disguises really 
work. Those could be the ways of 
introducing Shakespeare proper 
into the Swan. We might double up 
with the main house by staging a 
drama with a Shakespeare theme: 
The Spanish Tragedy with Hamlet 

perhaps." , . . 

So how does Trevor Nunn, with 
Chess waiting in the wings, to say 
nothing of Porg}> and Bess at 
Glyndebourne and the opening ol 
his first film. Lady Jane, finally see 
the Swan? “Peter [Halil devised the 
Barbican move and I brought it to 
fruition. But I think you can say of 
the Swan ihai it is the one item 
strictly attributable to my Stratford 
regime that will be left behind. 


wonderfully exhilarating 
evening's music-making, the 
Arditti Quartet delivering all 
three works with amazing 
stamina, deftness and preci- 
sion. making it dear that on 
one level ar least Carters 
music is not complex at all - 
just particularly beautifully 
composed. 

The Second Quartet is basi- 
cally in four-movement form, 
each movement dominated in 
turn by one of the instruments 
and ail four being linked by 
cadenzas and framed by an 
introduction and coda; each 
instrument also has its own 
specially characterized kind of 
music. The argument which 
results is spellbindingly inven- 
tive within faultlessly clear 
outlines. The Third Quartet 
extrapolates from these ideas, 
actually splitting the four play- 
ers into two separate pairs, 
one playing in strict time and 
the other freely. 

The First Quartet stood 


alone in the second half, its 
magnificent 40-minute struc- 
ture distantly recalling Bee- 
thoven. as did the sheer 
cragginess of such passages as 
the introductory cello solo, 
powerfully executed here by 
Rohan de Saram. Memory 
lingers over the slow move- 
ment a superbly sustained 
dialogue between trenchant 
sombre viola and cello and 
serene muted violins floating 
above, hauntinglyconveyinga 
sense of the great spaces 
between. 

Malcolm Hayes 

Partridge/Bate 

Wigmore Hall 

Stephan Lochner's ’painting 
The Madonna in the Rose- 
Bower. which stands in Co- 
logne Cathedral, provided the 
poet Heinrich Heine, and 



Name 




FWi/iw 

oppumaab 


*TXb uadios 
aiTism mjMiht/u 



A unique employment service based on trust 

Many people think of The Corps only as 
providing uniformed staff. 

Whilst ibis i* our main business, w c also 
provide qualified nen-uniformed staff on a 
permanent basis as office managers, 
building services managers, administration 
officers, estate supervisors and caretakers, 
warehouse controllers, receptionists, 
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many other similar po-ts. And because 
these functions arc carried out in the 
Services, our men and women have 
thorough experience in these areas. 


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unit off awhiBT 


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doubtless generations of spec- 
tators before and after him. 
with the perfect image of the 
telescoping of human and 
divine love. Ian Partridge 
made the connection too. His 
quite outstanding perfor- 
mance of Schumann’s re- 
sponse to Heine in the 
Dichierliebe came as the cli- 
max of a recital in which 
earthly and heavenly love 
artfully mirrored each other 
from opposite sides of the 
interval. 

The polarity was reinforced 
by the presence of two accom- 
panists: for Monteverdi. Bach. 
Vieme and Dvorak. Jennifer 
Bate at a rather sanctimonious 
little portable organ, and for 
Schubert and Schumann. 
Partridge's sister. Jennifer, 
turning the concert grand into 
the most vividly perceptive of 
duettists. The dichotomy, of 
course, is only in the mind: 
there is more of the immortal 
about Schubert's — and. in- 
deed. the Partridges’ — adora- 
tion of the holde Kunst than in 
Bach's sturdily churchy little 
sacred songs. 

Contrariwise. Monteverdi’s 
response to the Queen ot 
Heaven has rather more of 
eras than cariias about it 
Again. Ian Partridge's benign 
English tenor, however musi- 
cally intelligent, could only 
dare a perky sprightiiness 
when confronted with those 
rapid, panting exhalations of 
ardour in the Salve Regina's 
“O clemens. o pia. o dulcis". 

The low point of the eve- 
ning was i be sub-Messiaenic 
religiosity of Louis Vieme's 
Les Angelas (though it was 
good to 'give the little triptych 
an airing), and the _ Four 
Biblical Songs of Dvorak, a 
son of salon Elijah which 
even Partridge's obvious en- 
thusiasm and artistry could 
not redeem. The high point 
once again, was the Diehter- 
fiebr. low on trauma, perhaps, 
but high on a most delicately 
controlled sense of dream, 
and. from word and line to 
stanza and cycle, quite beauti- 
fully proportioned. 

Hilary Finch 


Theatre 

Horror and fun in generous measure 


The Gambler 

Hampstead 


The personnel we select are exclusively 
former members of HM Forces. The Police. 
The Mere ham Navy and The Fire Service. 

You provide the job brief and. after 
selection and screening, we'll provide you 
with exactly the right person »o interview. 
A person of reliability, experience, and 
complete trust. 

We have many fine candidal e> on file 
- and we know u here to locate other- i'i.»r 
:>pcii:il needs. It will cost nothing , 

10 tjlV to us. so call us today. “ 

Tel: 01-355 1125 
or fill in the coupon. 


the 

Best Kept Secret 

<s 

MOTOR NEURONE DISEASE 
Ponds are desperately 
needsa lor cate ana research 
Donations to S« Arthon, Ouayie 
Motor Use rone Disease Assoc, 
pgrngatg Mor.-hqmpicn. NNl 


The joint work of Mel Smith, 
Bob Goody and the composer 
Peter Brewis. this is a small 
but immensely accomplished 
.musical that takes place in a 
theatrical no man’s land 
bounded by the Faust legend. 
Victorian melodrama and the 
actuality routines of alterna- 
tive comedy. From whatever 
angle you approach the show, 
it a relentlessly teasing experi- 
ence; not least that in follow- 
ing the risible career of a 
compulsive punter it may be 
delivering a hell-fire wanting 

against the gambling life. 

The story centres on one 
Lionel Turner, a failing dealer 
in furs and leather (“You 
name an animal and I can get 
hold of its skin”) who comes 
under pressure from the heavy 
mob who set him up in 
business. Fleeing from his 
troubles for a day at the races, 
he makes the acquaintance of 
an arch-punter. Alex, who 
shows Lionel how to back 
winners. 

There is absolutely nothing 
to be said in Lionel’s favour. 
He leaves his mistress stewing 
in the Jag all afternoon: he lies 
to his wife: and when luck is 
against him he spends the 
money for his daughter's 
birthday-present on a last bet. 
With every fresh greedy move, 
you expect him to ciash in 
flames. Unlike old-fashioned 
melodrama, however, the plot 
follows the "rise and rise" 
formula. 

Shadowed everywhere by 
the Mephistopheiian .Alex, 
Lionel bets on the number of 
ice-cubes in his glass, the 
colour of his tie (shades of Sky 
Mastcnon). the number of 
drinkers in a bar — winning 
every time, and rising to his 
zenith on a stage carpeted in 
£lO0 notes: a climax that 
prompts Mr Brewis to an 
hilariously derisive parody of 
“My Way“ Even at the end. 
when he" is contemptuously 
invited to risk his entire 
winnings on the flip of a coin, 
the lights fade out before wc 



Bob Goody (left) with Paul Brown, Mel Smith and Philip Davis as the heavies 


discover whether n is heads or 
tails. 

Thanks to the production 
style this fable switches be- 
tween menace, farce, long- 
shot and close-up with a 
vigour and speed that force 
you continually to readjust 
your viewpoint. 

The show opens with Mr 
Smith and his merry men 
inviting the audience to have a 
flutter and handing out fivers 
to the winners. Then, with 
discreetly cool accompani- 
ment from Mr Brewis (key- 
board) and his band, we move 
into a marvellous panoramic 
view of the racecourse: gro- 
tesque punters, touts, tic-tac 
men. a quartet of bosomy 
barmaids - all played with 
hair-trigger timing by Smith. 
Goody. Philip Davis and Paul 
Bown' When Mr Bown. as the 
girlfriend, happens to sink to 
his knees, this is a pretext for 
instantaneously transforming 
him into an Irish jockey. 

Music, meanwhile, supplies 
an icily antiseptic commen- 
tary to the action, and some- 
times leads the way. as where: 
Mr Brewis plunges with gusto 
into music-hall pastiche, or 
coaxes three dark-spectacled 
heavies into an elegant sara- 


bande, with knee-jerk inter- 
polations. 

Of the two main perfor- 
mances. Mr Smith is quite as 
powerful playing straight as 
Lionel's unforgiving wife as in 


clowning;: while Mr Goody's 
Lionel (inescapably reminis- 
cent of the young Bob Gram) 
arouses horror and delirious 
laughter in equal proportions. 

Irving Wardle 






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TO: Major Tom Nonhey. The Cores of Commissionaires. 3 Crane Court. Fleet Sl 
L ondon EC4A 2EJ. Please send me further information. 


NAME: 

Company:. 
Address: _ 


.Title 


The 


.Tel. No:. 


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ofCommissionaires 
_ A unique employ mem ‘•en ice based on trust 

. li.vriw’rfil. MjAkh-j-t-r. T4 




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ESSEX FINLAY W 


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PICCADILLY THEATRE O 01.437 450b,734 9535 Credit Cards: 01.379 *565/741 9999 











NEW PRODUCT EVER 


Our Five Star Account was the most 
successful launch of any new product by the 
Society and brought in over £1.5 Bn in the first 
3months. We have a proven ability to provide 
people with the products they want — and to do 


ABBEY NATTOTsT At iQftc 

the points made by the Chairman Sir 
| iGampbeU Adamson at the Abbey NatkmalA. G. M. 
]Wi: April 16th. 1986 were: " . . 

LENDING SIGNIFICANT! Y 
ABOVE OUR MARKET SHARF 
; Lending was up, 11% to £4-4 Bn, for a third 
successive record year. Over 190,000 new 
.mortgages — nearly 100,000 to first time buyers. 
In addition, we provided over 94,000 further 
■advances for property improvements. 

We are competitive on both service 
; and price and our flat rate mortgage 
i structure — no differentials for larger 
- or endowment mortgages — means that we are 
continuing to experience considerable demand 
for our loans. 

Our aim is to make home buying easier. Since 
January we have been offering potential home 
buyers an Abbey National Mortgage Certificate, 
valid for 3 months, as proof of purchasing power 
to a vendor or estate agent. 




,'RjU copies ofihtf Annual Report and Speech are available from: The Secretary, Abbey National Building Society, Abbey House, Baker Street, London NW1 6XL 


MANAGEMENT expenses down 

Our financial results for 1985. 

A profit of£140m, up 63% on last year’s £86m. 
The need to offer attractive products in a 
competitive environment demands stronger 
reserves. Total reserves now stand at£758m, 
providing excellent security for our 8m members. 

Management expenses ratio down 11% to 
£ 1 . 06p per £ 1 00 of assets. Liquidity ratio- 17.5%. 
Growth of 15%, brings our total assets close 

to £20 Bn. 


During 1985, our 676.branches processed over 
i 66 million transactions. 9 per second for each 
working day— giving some idea of the tremendous 
volume of business dealt with by our branches. 

We have improved our customer service still 
further through our Abbeylink ATM network. 
We have over 90 live machines, with 120 
* installedandreadytogooperational, withatarget 
. of 300 available this year. We hold out great 
hopes for the LINK consortium. This will provide 
an additional 850 machines for our members. 

During 1985 we also obtained a significant 
amount of our funding in the widening wholesale 
markets available to us. 1 . 


.4- - V . 


giiij iSJCji ijciBJfeiiij ikm 


a 




s 










20 


* * * * <r SL 


West Midlands 
police 



Britain’s nlane of the future 



to 

plastic bullets 

mT Rv Crnie Seton 


By Craig Seton 

Police in the West Midlands relations 
are lo be allowed to stock 
plastic bullets for the first lime 
after the police authority de- 
cided vesterday to overturn a 
long-standing ban imposed by 
Labour councillors. 

Mr Geoffrey Dear, the Chief 
Constable said that a squad of 
about 15 rifle marksmen would 
start training almost 
immediately. 

He was speaking after the 
new West Midlands Police Au- 
thority voted by 19 to 10 to 
allow the force to stock plastic 
“baton” rounds. The authority 
replaced the Labour-dominat- 
ed police committee which had 
withheld permission for the 
police to buy plastic bullets 
and which was abolished along 
with the West Midlands Coun- 
ty Council. 

Magistrates, whose vote was 
crucial at yesterday's meeting 
in Birmingham, voted w-uh 
Conservatives who. like La- 
bour. have 1 3 seats on the new 
authority. 

Councillor Neville Bos- 
worlh. the Conservative chair- 
man of the authority;, said it 
was time to look again at Mr 
Dear's request for plastic bul- 
lets after the Handsworth nois. 
when two Asians died in a 
blazing post office, scores ot 
policemen and civilians were 
injured and more than 
properties were destroyed. 

Labour councillors aL the 
meeting warned that the use of 
plastic bulleis could destroy 


between the police 
and the community in inner 
city areas and said 15 people 
had died after being hit by 
baton rounds in Northern 
Ireland, including several chil- 
dren and a Protestant man 
who died this week. 

Mr Dear sought to calm 
ihcir fears: '*1 do not think as a 
socictv we can continue with- 
out that sort of weapon being 
available as a last resort. Most 
people would applaud it if we 
could manage^ to get a not 
under control.” ... 

He said those who criticized 
would not address the issue of 
what else could be done dunng 
a riot when lives and property 
were at risk. 

He accepted that the use ot 
plastic bullets could have a 
"ratchet effect” - of stepping 
up the level of violence direct- 
ed at the police dunng public 
disorder - but they were still 
needed as a weapon of last re- 
sort. 

He envisaged that in circum- 
stances where they might be 
used, such as in a Hand^orth 
situation, only four highly 
trained officers would fire the 
weapon and dismissed fears 
that 20 or 30 officers would 
be strong across a road firing 
plastic bullets in volleys 
He said: “I do not like the 
thought of this. I have a heavy 
heart over it and I hope they 
will never be used, but 1 cannot 
guarantee we can overcome a 
riot unless wc have this equip- 
ment as a last resort. 



t.-'WKT.T.ii-'X *■•■*■* . f MOtelltai experimental fighter plane b, British Aerospace 

The shape of things to come: visitors i» War.no yes.erda, a. the anveBmg of the £1*0 million expenmen 


Thatcher wins support 
for policy on Libya 


From amid a pall of artificial smoke, 
intended to look like cloud, and with red 
and green laser beams playing on tne 
scene, the most advanced fighter air- 
craft built in Britain was yesterday 
unveiled for the first time (Rodney 
Cowton writes). _ _ - 

Mr George Younger, Secretary ol 
State for Defence, had gone to the 
British Aerospace plant at Warton. 
near Preston, Lancs, for what should 
have been the first ceremonial rolling- 


Joseph agrees to talks rain ^^^be ceremonies re- 

* _ 5 mained indoors. 


on funds for new exam 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 


Sir Keith Joseph. Secretary 
of State for Education and 
Science, agreed yesterday to 
have further talks with the 
National Union of Teachers 
about the funding and plan- 
ning of the new GCSE exami- 
nation which is due to begin in 
the autumn. 

His decision was described 
by Mr Doug McAvoy. deputy 
general secretary of the NUT. 
the biggest teachers' union, as 
•■a very significant 
development’ 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
Queen Elizabeth The C^cen 
Mother visits Spnngftelds. Spal- 

dl T^ie 3 Prince and Prints of 
Wales attend a lunch with the 
Ambassador of Japan and 


Gardens. . _. 

attend a dinner given by The 
Canadian High Commissioner 
and Mrs McMurty. 3 Grosvenor 
Sq. Wt.8. 

New exhibitions 

Ted Roberts: The English 
Landscape: Municipal and Art 
Gallery. Civic Centre. Mount 
Pleasant. Tunbridge Wells: Mon 
10 Fri 10 to 5.30. Sat 9.30 to a 
tends April 301. 

Introducing Sam Rabin: sal- 
ford City Art Gallery: Mon to 
Sat 10 to 5.50 (ends May 25). 


NUT members are expected 
to leach normally for the 
GCSE courses this autumn if | 
Sir Keith is able to offer extra 
monev for the new examina- 
tion in the next few months. 

Mr McAvov denied that the 
union was backing down on 
its conference policy of non- 
cooperaiion over the new 
examination. ”We cannot 
achieve adequate planning 
and funding, as our annual 
conference decided, sitting in 
our own tents.” 


Twentieth cent uiy British 
ns: The Hampstead Museum. 
Burgh House. New End Sq. 
N W3: Wed lo Sun 1 2 lo 5 (ends 
Mav 26). 

Figure and landscape: seven 
British artists: Edward Toiah 
Galtarv. First Floor. 13 Old 
Burlington SL Wl: Mon - to 6. 
Tues to Fri 1 1 to 6. Sal 10.30 to 

I (ends May 10). 

Embroidery by \ oshte Ueki. 

Fovles Art Gallery. 113-119 
Charing Cross Rd. WC2 M°n 
to Sat 10 to 6 tends May 14). 

Drawings and collages by 
Friedrich Vordcmberge- 
GildewarL Anncly Juda Fine 
Art. tends July 5);Scu pure and 
drawings by David Nash; Juda 
Rowan Gallery (ends May 24). 

I I Tottenham Mews. Wl: Mon 
to Fri tO to 6. Sal 10 to 1. 

Modem British Masters and 


mained indoors. 

It will make its maiden bight late 
next month. It is expected that m flight 
the aircraft will have more acceleration, 
and manoeuvre better, than any coiTent 
combat aircraft. But however weU it 
performs, and despite the the £180 mil- 
lion already spent, it is the only aircraft 
of its type that will be built 


The project is known as the Experi- 
mental Aircraft Programme, and the 
aircraft is generally referred to by its 

initials, EAP. . 

It is claimed that the aircraft will 
reach high supersonic speeds about 
30 per cent faster than present fighters. 

It also incorporates the use of new 
materials, and new ways of forming the 
wing, and a cockpit with multicokmr 

television-style displays. 

Seventy per cent of the work on tire 
airframe was earned out by Bntish 
Aerospace, and about 22 P er c ^ 
Italv. Of the internal equipment, neany 
two-thirds is British, just onder one- 
third German, and the remainder 

Italian. . .. , 

Mr Younger insisted yesterday that 

the EAP was not to be seen *s ja 

prototype for the European Fighter 

Aircraft, which is intended to «e m 
service by 1995, but he expected that toe 
gained in its design. 


. a* gaaa satSaH"™ 

which could be incorporated io fjrtme a executive of 

fighters, in particolar the CObiUnm her Kajmrao ^ ^ fte ^ 

programmejo^hmld^new Emopmm B ^ ^ fromthedgwing 

hoard to completion in a Bntish factory 
for 30 years. 


juuuiv new European 

Fighter Aircraft, in which Britain, W est 
Germany, Italy and Spam are co- 
operating 


. _ , further Libyan terronsm. 

Continued from £*8*1 _. ,i_ e united States might feel 

countries and that in Africa to ac x again. I 

alone there was intelligence of j hope that such 


8 arrests* 

in Mafia 
inquiry 
by Yard 

By Stewart Tendler . 
Crime Reporter 
vipbt people were 
yesterday in raids h, . L ® n J® 
Bristol by d«tecuv«tr3^ 
lag to uncover a «***£*; 
companies and bfukaccfisits 

used by Mafia figures mthe 
United States and by Bntish 
criminals to launder mow?- 
In Florida. Scotland \ard 
officers hare been worklBg 
SiS^aff of a MW i task 
force Conned by 
partment of Justice 
atonsunzed crime. Matera! 
StniSbr a Briwh wf«H> 
-.of taken by P®*“* . te 
nSda, was yesterday bang 

assessed by Amertom^g* 

The iufonnant has worked 
undercover for the Amenc^:. 
and is believed to have re- 
vealed vital infimnanon. 

At times the informant, 
released on bail by an Isle of 
Man court while feeing a 
charge of handling stolen mon- 
ey , risked his life b the 
operation, which was complet- 
ed two days ago. 

In Britain yesterday two 
women and six men were feeis 
at nine addresses by ooicefs 
from the Yard task force set up 
earlier this year to exanuje 
the movement of criminal 





preparations for attacks on 
American facilities in no less 
than 10 countries. 

She went on: “The case for 
military action under the in- 
herent right of self defence to 
deter planned Libyan terrorist 
attacks against American tar- 
gets was raised.” 

She was careful to protect 
the integrity of secret intelli- 
gence. as she went on to 
outline Libyan involvement 
in the Berlin bombing of April 
5 and reminded the House of 
the murder of WFC Fletcher, 
two years ago today. She also 
spoke of the discovery of 
Libyan arms as part of an IRA 
cache in the Republic of 
Ireland Iasi Januarv. 

Mrs Thatcher told the 
House that the derision to w „ . 

give permission had not been use of British-based aircratt. 

easy and she addedTlt has Parliament uaae 4 

been suggested that as a result 


contingency will not arise, 
Nevertheless, she Mid, .the 
United States was Britain s 
greatest ally. 

Mrs Thatcher concluded to 
strong Conservative 
backbench cheers, by saying 
that len-orism thrived on ap- 
peasement political action 
had failed and the time had 

come for action. .... . 

Mr David Steel, the Liberal 
leader, said he feared that ^ dj* 
action would boost Gadani 
and help breed fanaticism. 

Mr Callaghan agreed with 
Mr Heath that it was the duty 
of the Prime Minister to 
consider British interests and 
if he bad been in the. same 
position he would have reject- 
ed a formal approach for the 
ish-based aircraft 

Parliament page 


Yard officers are also work- 
inu in the Isle of Matt *To f*"T i 
Spain and the British Virgin 
Islands fo an operation wtej 
could reveal conduits for miJ- 
Uons of dollars from Mafia 
drug syndicates. 

The investigation i nto the 
network began with attempts 
to track dawnmonej Jnw itiw 
£26 million Bnnks-Mai grid 
robbery in 1983, mid this took 
on an American dimension. 

British police, tracking a 
suspected Mafia assasm on 
the run in Britain last year, 
were led to the informant ami 
an American suspect in 
Miami. 


Beckett going 

Sir Terence Beckett, direc-. 
tor-general of the Confedera- ■ 
tion of British Industry For the 
past six years, is torctireat the 
end of the year. 


THE TIMES INFORMATION SERVICE 


Music 

Recital bv Linda Stocks 
(cello) and Stephen Topping 
(piano): St George’s, Hanover 
Sq. Wl. 1.10. 

Piano recital by Mnret 
Lion; St Olavc. Hart SL EC I, 

* "Kano recital by Andrew 
Dunscombc: St James's, Picca- 

dll Rcciial by Andrew Knights 
(oboe) and Jane Dodd (piano): 
Wigmore Hall. 3b Wigmore Sl 
W 1 . 7.30. , . , . 

Guitar recital: Laudeixfcuc 
House. Wateriow Park. N6. 8. 

Organ recital by Andrew Wil- 
son: St Bartholomew-the-GreaL 

EC1. 1.10. . 

Recital bv David Davies 

(flute) and Peter Sicvewnght 
(piano). 115: Concert by the 
Edinburgh Quartet 



Times Portfolio rules are as 
follows: 


'with 


no correspondence 
entered into. 

11 If for any reason The 

.A2»SS£AS5 

ro 2 d S , p t SZftei com- ^ 

prises a group of pnWm com- How to 

S’SSSS StfiSET-attg 

will change from day today. 

The list (which is numbered 1 on the Stock Exchange 

_ 44) is divided into four page. . nmwided 

randomly distributed groups In the columns P 


Weather 
forecast 

A depression over S England 
trill remain slow moving and 
fill a little. 

6 a m to midnight 

London. SE.CMWS. M 

Enatand. Hast An ifa. MhBondO, vow 
and Blunder I n Jig 

“ffiSE SSISISKte 

tateSitaisaSdy. raw al Wjtoit 

anflBwowoohilscinjItjdNor 

strano portaos Bale taree m placsK nw 

^SiSe-frnmioritoBSSSS 

sunny or dear intervals, heavy showors 
SlSriiS and Bainder h pj ^ »«J 
mnderale WE: wax tony SC (*_1F) - 
Banfera, 

SW 



Modern Bntish Manera Edinburgh yuarwi I randomly msmimwu “ -- - ^ the I dew, sw 


SSEtartn&itay- « ThnSSr HE -CU^w y ^ price ch S a g (+ w 

Boundan'Rd.NWS; Tues lo Sal | universily- I SS. omna and each cart M published in that day’s 

Concert by the English Swing 


Boundary.-— 

1 1 lo b (ends May 10). 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,022 



Orchestra; Worcester Cathedral. 
7 30 

Concert by the Ards 
Society: Queen's Hall. 

Newtowuards, Northern Ire- 
land. 7.45. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Syniphonieria. Pavilion The- 
airc. Wevmonth, 7.30. 

Concert by the Halle Or- 
chestra: Manchester Free Trade 
Hall. 7.30. 

Concert by ihe Ctiv of Lon- 
don Sinfonia: Sl David s Hall. 
Cardiff. 7 JO. 


Roads 


ACROSS . 

I Orange section of Tel Aviv 

< 5 >- . . 

4 Pul in hardly a dash, u one 
does with soda-water (9). 

9 Kind of government almost 
all take in course of life (9). 

M Flare-nalh indicator (5). 

II Dispense night drug, please 

12 Rudd shows signs oi weep- 
ing (3-3). 

14 Ross Sea's stormy - o loss- 
adjuster needed here (8). 

17 Thoroughly examine job 
done (4.4). 

19 Quarter called Ceram (a). 

22 Nether Wallop's set-backs 
(5. 2.3.5). , . 

24 Ladv-love with bad back (5). 

25 A siick producer when on 
the rocks? (3-6). 

26 Stale trumpet call rejected 
by witness (9). 

27 Free article sent back. 
That's the bottom! (5). 

DOWN . .. 

1 Spill makes sailors skin- 
blemish come up (9). 

2 Effect of Cumbrian's cata- 
ract? (5). 

3 In final examination. Bee- 
cher Stowe's girl gets gold 
first (7). 

4 One with familv in Dad s 
Army, going on toot (6). 

5 Person taking off from Port 
Said perhaps? (S). 


6 Pick-me-up to strengthen 
grasp (7). 

7 Breaking a leg. Asian is feel- 
ing no pain (9). 

8 This affair shows first lady 
not without heart (5). 

13 Management's oversight (9). 

15 British record-holder who 
could become a consultant 

(9). 

16 French ,° ve !^ as 

department's social gather- 
ings (8). 

18 Repulsive person bolding 
degree in Science with En- 
glish (7). „ . . 

20 Describe former wife? Un- 
attractive! (7). 

21 Provide space for books put 
aside (6 l 

22 They say there's nothing to 

flog here (5). ..... 

23 Defenceless, having initially 
narked a karate expert 
dreadfully (5). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17.021 



London and Sooth- y ff MV Ow 
north bound lane 

Hendon lor huo n*»es. A41 -Single «ne 
contraflow w<*ttXJond 
Way and Broaflfteks Ave. E dg ewa ra - 
A312: Major roadworKs contraflow 
on College Ra/Bossiwrougfi Rd. Harrow; 

3 ^te > WAnida: 111: Two bne contraflow 
twtwan lunctwns 15 

non 16 (Northampton!. M& Conttaflcw 
between runeton IS (Srafco o« md 
IS (Su*e North i. soumbound ! entfy rtp 
road at junction 1 6 
between junction 5 (D*®***?* 
(Bromsgrewe): both n and soumtowl 
entry si^s roads are closed arj^cnonS 
Wales and West M3 2: One 
bound lane dosed at AM- 
closures between a ndPiym; 

outh (both drecWnsLTfw Norte MS- 
Contraflow between junction 31 iPrestoni 
and junction 32 (fcB5I_; 
desures tsetweet lur™!!® 

33 (Lancaster South!. M63: Junctmri 5 
(B521 3) closed 

I nfawnedon auppded by AA 

Britons in Libya 

The Foreign Office has set up 
a special round the clock unit to 
answer inquiries concerning 
British nationals still in Libya. 
The telephone num ber is 0 1 -233 
5619. 

Anniversaries 

Births; Edward Gibbon. Lon- 
don. 1737; Constantine Cavafy, 
poet. Alexandria. Egypt. 1863; 
Sir Leonard Woolley, archaeolo- 
gist discoverer of Ur. London. 

1 8 SO: Thornton Wilder, novelist 
and dramatist. Madison. 
Wisconsin. 1897. 

Benjamin Franklin, printer, 
author, scientist and diplomat 
.died ai Philadelphia. 1790. 

■Ba> of Pigs' attempted ima- 
Ision of Cuba. 196L 


from each group and each card 

contains a unique set of nmn- ™e* (he price 

Swsstss a®? 

SSSBTSSrfs SSf aV-5L(+ 

largest increase or lowest loss) 0T ~J- .^h total 

of a combiMtton of ^Urivo Tunes portfoUo 

"BfaRStl-i. jswggsi 

-srstsa«!S 

n^ncid each Saturday in The dahn your prae as instructed 

Tl 5 Tunes Portfolio list and How to p^y - Weekly 
details of the daily or weekly Mooday ^STrecori yonr 


MWK (Many. 

vsis and scattarod showare; w^ndNcrih, 
moderate or I res* max y tyTOtWH- 
Outlook lor towww and SatatUnr: 
Unsettled and rather cold wi th ram o r 

ahc7were and also some nuerraia. 




SonRbea: 
6.02 am 


Moon cats; 
3.40 am 
First quarter 11 JS am. 


SwiSeta: 

&00pm 


Moon rises 
10.49 am 


Lighting-up time 

London 130 pm lo 5JB«n 

Bristol (UO «n to 539 am 
EAAtvgb 8S3 pm to lam 
Hanehealer 8.45 proto 533arti 
Psaxanoa 649 pm to 554 am 


High Tides 


TODAY 
London Bridge 
Aberdeen 
Awonnoiitb 
Ballast 
CanStf 
Dawaport 
Dow 


Glasgow 
Harwich 
Holyhead 
Hull 


Yesterday 


b-btue sky: hcJbtor atgrand^nd; c- 
cloudy: o-overcasl; f-foo: (HbEUk n- 
Hall: intsi-nitet rrain: Ih- 

^BTSSetion. wmd 

iw-Ml inurw arded. Teniperamre 
centigrade. 


732 

7.07 

609 

11.10 

4.11 

1640 

6.07 
5.23 
337 

11.40 
11.34 
q is 
4 36 
634 
5.42 
1135 

1032 

1033 
11.14 

436 

4.31 

434 


9.48 

Wlton-m-Nee 616 
tin 


Laith 

Liverpool 


Margate 
MBtoid Haven 

ftowquay 

Oban 


Stnraham 

Southampton 


HT 

PM 

HT 

59 

7.43 

5.7 

3 2 

8.16 

3.1 

229 

92 

2.8 

5.49 

22 

2.14 

57 

4.0 

1.48 

42 

S.1 

5.04 

50 

38 

11.16 

4.0 

4.3 

65b 

39 

3.4 

547 

32 

48 

483 

49 

5ii 



6.4 



4.7 

921 

4.1 

72 

52b 

62 

U 

3.32 

2.0 

39 

6.05 

3.3 

49 

5.0 

1128 

5.1 $ - 


12.13 

26 • 

4.0 

11.01 

42 

12 

1128 

12 • 

3.6 

5.48 

39 

49 

521 

42 • 

36 

591 

32 


CEJ 

99 

4.1 

1028 

39 

32 

521 

32 


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541 

745 


Temperatures at midday yesterday; c. 
ctouct f. tar r. rakyL sun. c p 

Belfast r 337 Guanuay J |*g 

B’rmghatn r 643 tawamess d 337 

Btacfcpool r 946 Jersey S 946 

Bristol c 948 London r 745 

Cardiff 1 948 M’ncfwKf r 745 

EdWHatfi sl 236 N ewc aft lo c 

Gtugow r 439 fTnkltMay I 

SEA PASSAGES. S Norti Sea, 
Strait ot Dover. Wind 5 or SE force 4 
to 5: showers: visibility good: sea 
moderate. . 

English Channel (E): Wnd SW 
veering NW force 5: showers: 
visibility good: am moderate. 

St George's Channel, Irish Sea: 
Wind N force 6 to 8: showers: 
visibility moderate or good; sea 
rough- 


Around Britain 


Sun Rain 
hrs in 

EAST COAST 
Scmboro - Oi 

Bridflngton 0.9 .01 

Granar 33 .16 

Lowestoft x 

Clacton 43 39 

Margate x 35 

SOUTH COAST 

33 
1.7 


Max 
C F 


6 43 Tenby 

8 46 cloudy CotwynBny 
11 52 showers M o rac a m b a 


Sun Rato 
hrs m 
73 .02 
0.7 .02 


Max 
C F 

9 48 sunny 
9 48 cloudy 


13 .06 
S3 30 

11 52 


48 showers 
45 bright 


The pound 


AostnlaS 
Austria Seta 
Belgium Fir 
Canada* 
Denmark Kr 
FHandMkk 
Franca F» 

1 Dm 


HongKengS 
Ireland PI 
Rady Lira 
Japan Yen 
nghartare d aGM 
Norway Kr 
Portugal E*c 
SouSt Africa Rd 
Spain Pta 
SwedanKr 
Switzerland ft 
USAS 

Yugoslavia Dnr 


Bank 

IS 

34.75 

7230 

2.185 

13.05 

036 

1133 

854 

23530 

1230 

I. 165 
yMM 

277.00 
337 

II. 15 
23230 

4.40 

273.00 
17-28 

236 

1.565 

540.00 


Bank 

Saits 

2^7 

2335 

6830 

2365 

1235 

730 

1038 

UB 

21530 

1130 

1.105 

y ytonn 

28330 

3.7B 

1030 

22030 

330 

21130 

10.73 

231 

1.49S 

50030 



9 48 town SSSJcS 

• • ■ ta “ as® 

8 48 showers **??*■ 
8 46 showers B>x>i Aapt 
8 46 trogm rrr.rTTy 
8 46 showers 

8 46 rain {£*£!** 

9 48 sunny 
9 48 s how oro 

11 52 cloudy 
S 48 showers 
9 48 bright tw. 

9 48 Sumy 2^0* 

9 48 sh o w ers 

! « W $5** 


32 
23 

33 
6-2 
33 
1.7 
33 
23 
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08 


37 

.09 

.15 


32 

.08 

.06 

37 

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SCOTLAHD 






9 48 thunder 

B 46 showers. 

10 50 bright 
10 50 sunny .. 

9 48 raw 
10 50 ram 
9 48 Bxindor 
10 50 showers 

7 45 ran 

5 41 cloudy 

3 37 eteet 

4 39 rein 

5 41 stoat 

8 46 sunny 
7 45 sunny 

5 41 sunny 

6 43 showers 
6 41 rain 

3 37 sleet . 
3 37 steal 
3 37 snow - 


NORTHERN IRELAND 
- 36 


4 39 sleet 


Vbesn am eprt 16 Agrees 


Abroad 


Atex'dria 

Algiers 

AntsTdre 


Books — paperback 


Concise Crossword page 10 


Parliament today 

Commons: 12.30 k Debate on 
Alliance motion on education. 
Debate on SNP and Plaid 
Cymru motion on regional 
policy. 

Lords (3y. Education Bill, 
committee, third day. 


The Literary E&tor's selection of vnwasttng books published n«o waek: 

Kai Lung's Gotten Hours, by Ernest Braroan. introduction by HJ. Latmndga (Oxford. 
£535i 

Lives of Bm Poets. Oy El_ Doctorow (Picador. £2^) 

The Desperadoes, by Stan Barstow (Black Swan. D-95J . . 

The Ginger Griffin, by Ann Bndge. introduction trf H J. Lethbridge (Oxford. £7.50) 

The Governess, by Patricia Angadi (Buck Swan. E335) 

Tt^ gf tail aB refs fwH a n ra nninich.irapaatqdbvwaaandEdwtnMulr.iniraducbOh 
by Michael Tamar (Quartet Encounters. £9.95) 

WWgte Tomtoty. by Sara Maffland ffaranna. £235) 

MyUndeGeofge.ThaRasgacBijiRflcoiiecaon s ofaBacks 6 deripaHigM B ndMan 3 a.by 

Alasiar PhAps (Pan. £235) , „ _ 

Rodin and Other Prose Pieces, by Ramar Maria FUke. translated by G- Craig Houston, 
mtroducoon by Wibaro Tucker (Quartet Encountare. £435) PH 


Rates tor sntafl danonxnanon bank 

orty as supplied by Barclays Bank PLG. 

Retafl Price Index: 381.1 

London: The FT Index ctosod up 8.6 at 

13794. 


Bahrain 

Barbae** 


C F 
S 17 83 
s 19 66 Cptation 
I 22 72 Corfu 
f 20 68 DubBn 
c 11 52 Dufanrek 
r 15 59 Fare 
a 84 29 ft oranca 
f 29 84 Frankfort 
f 17 63 Funchal 


Tower Bridge 


Tower Bridge wh be raised today at 
8.15 am and agam a 8.46 am. 


QT1MCS NEWSPAPERS LIMITED. 
1986. Printed bv London Post iPrmt 
PTM Utnlled of 1 Virginia Street. 
London El 9XN. Thursday. April 17. 
198. . 

the Post 


■UOOAY; & doud; d. drtzzte: f. tair. tg. log; r, rain: s, sun; sa snow; L thunder. 

C F C F G F 

I 14 57 Matorea s 17 63 Rome c 16 61 

s 9 48 Malaga c 16 61 Satxbum f 16 &i 

f 17 63 Mato s 19 86 S Paolo* 

r 4 39 MaWnw 
I 10 50 ItaxteaC 
f 16 61 
f 17 63 
r 12 54 
c 18 61 
c 11 52 
t 17 63 
- - - Naples 

dr 21 70 NMM 
s 15 59 N York* 
t 18 64 Mce 
s 37 99 (brio 
s 21 70 
S 30 88 
f 20 68 
t 13 55 
C 8 46 

i ii sa 

B 19 68 
t 11 52 


Biarritz 

BouTm 

Bordo’x 


s 18 64 

a 16 61 Hatehrid 
a 21 70 Hong X 
f 15 59 lrea£nd( 
c 10 50 islin b ul 
c 11 52 Jeddah 
c 10 50 JoTsursf 
s 15 59 Kanes' 

I 18 81 L Patous 
s 27 81 Lisbon 
I 21 70 Locarno 
c 16 61 

CMcago* sn 1 34 L 
Ch’dm** s 19 66 


Budapst 
0 Aires' 
Cairo 
CapeTn 
Cutanea* 


s 19 
C 17 63 BPrtaeo* 
s 21 70 
f 26 79 Seoul 
r 10 50 Stog’por 
f 15 59 Stklwta 
c 2 38 Sbaab'rg 
s 16 61 Sydney 
I 23 73 Tangter* 
c 16 61 TelASv 

5 32 80 Tenerife 
I 16 61 Tokyo 

c 13 55 Toronto' 
sn -2 28 Tnrris 
f 9 48 V ate nets 

s 21 70 vaactaer* 

6 23 73 Vance 
s 15 59 Vienna 
c 1 34 Wmaw 

e 18 64 Washton* 
s 33 91 
dr 21 70 


* denotes Tuesday's figures are latest avadabte 


23 73 
r 11 52 
s 28 82 
s 13 55 
th 31 88 
f 3 37 
I 14 57 
s 25 77 
1 15 59 
s 20 68 
8 21 70 
c 15 59 
r 7 45 
f 21 70 
I 19 66. 
r 11 52 
I 14 57 
r 9 48 
S 14 57 
C 13 55. 
c 16 6T 
8 14 57 













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THURSDAY APRIL 17 1986 


***** 


T 1XB 




TIMES 


21 


FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 


STOCK markft 

FT 30 Share 

1379.4 (+8.6) 

FT-SE100 
1662.0 (+7^ 

USM (Datastream) 
n/a 

THE POUND 


USDoBar 

1.5030 (+0.0230) 

W German marie 

3.3833 (-0.0422) 

Trade-weighted 

76.4 (+0.2) 


CBI chief 
to retire 

Sir Terence Beckett, tbe 
director-general of tbe Con- 
federation of British Industry 
is to retire at the end of the 
year after mc^e than six years 
in tbe job. 

Sir Terence, aged 63, said 
yesterday he bad stayed on 
longer than' he intended but 
wanted to remain at the post 
until the end of the Industry 
Year. 

The CBI said the bant for 
his successor would begin 
shortly. It has already appoint- 
ed a company to start the 
search and will also advertise 
the post. Ar present there are 
said to be no firm contenders. 
Sir Terence’s salary is believed 
to be well in excess of £50,000 

a year. 

Margulies in 
buyout talks 

Mr Ephraim Margulies, 
chairman of S&W Berisford, 
for wtuchHiUsdown Holdings 
has announced a £430 million 
bid. has held informal laUre 
with Hillsdown and its poten- 
tial rival. Tale & Lyle, over a 
management buyout which 
■ would allow him to keep 
control of Berisfonfs com- 
modity dealing business. The 
Hillsdown ofler document is 
expected early next week. 

Etam up 37% 

Elam, the women's clothes 
retailer, made pretax profits, 
excluding property profits, of 
£11.8 million in the year to 
February 1. This was a rise of 
37 per cent on sales 26 per cent 
higher. Teiapns,jjage23 

NEI payout 

Northern Engineering 4n- 
dustries lifted pretax profits 
from £40.1 million to £40.5 
million for the year to Decent 
her 31. The final dividend is 
unchanged at 5.25pu 

Tempos, page 23 

RMC decline 

RMC, Britain’s largest 
ready-mixed concrete compa- 
ny, saw profits M from £81.3. 
million to £79.7 million before 
tax in the year to December 
31. The final dividend is up to 
9.4p from 8.6p. 

Tempos, page 23 

No referrals 

The acquisitions by Bache 
Group of Clive Discount 
Holdings and the acquisition 
by King and Shaxson of Smith 
St Aubyn (Holdings) are not 
being referred to the Monopo- 
lies and Mergers Commission. 

Venture plan 

Talks are taking place be- 
tween NMW Computers and 
Ipac, a financial communica- 
tions company, to establish a 
jointly owned company to 
continue tbe development and 
marketing of NM Ws ran ge of 

microprocessor products. 

Gold chance 

French citizens are to be 
allowed again to boy and sell 
gold anonymously. Business 
has been slack on the Pans 
gold market since 1981 when 
the Socialist government re- 
moved the right to conduct 
gold transactions secretly. 



in unemployment 
biggest for four years 


The Government suffered 
an economic Wow yesterday, 
*ttb foe announcement of the 
biggest monthly rise in unem- 
ployment for years. 

The jobless trend,' having 
flattened last autumn, is now 
markedly upward once more. 

Although the unadjusted 
unemployment total fell last 
nionth by 12,924 103,323,776. 
the more important seasonally 
adjusted adult total rose by 
36,800 to 3. 198 million. 

This was the biggest montb- 
br increase since September 
1981, and -compared with a 
rise of 7,700 in February and 
20,700 in January. Ad aft un- 
employment, on the new ba- 
as. was at an alt-time high 

Lord Young of Grafiham, 
the Secretary of State for 
Employment, said that unem- 
ployment showed ah erratical- 
ly high increase last month. 
“The coldest February for 40 
years undoubtedly played a 
part in slowing recruitment in 
construction and other out- 
door jobs for men,** he added. 

Male unemployment rose 
by 31,000. The unemploy- 
ment rate stood at 13.2 per 
cent, compared with 33.1 per 
cent in February. 

Officials believe that ' the 
cold February weather did 
boost tbe March jobless rise - 


By David Smith, Economics G w re sp o a dent 

the Government's economic 
pWicies- 


tbe unemployment count was 
on March 6 - bu 


but that tbe 

trend is for a 

monthly nse of 10,000-1 5,000 
a month. Last autumn. De- 
partment of Employment offi- 
cials said that tbe 
unemployment trend was flat. 

The figures drew condem- 
nation from opposition politi- 
cians. Mr Ian Wrigglesworth, 
MP for Stockton South and 
the SDP spokesman on eco- 
nomic and industrial affairs, 
said : **T oday*s figures demon- 
strate the continuing failure of 


“Their present supine ac- 
ceptance of 3.3 million people 
unemployed shows a callous 
disregard for human suffering 
and the tragic waste of pre- 
cious human resources.*’ 

The figures are the first to be 
compiled under the new meth- 
od of delaying for three weeks 
the compilation of the figures 
after the unemployment count 
date, to reduce over- 
recording. .. . 

This has the effect of reduc- 


PSBR lower by £lbn 


The pnbfic sector b o rro wing 
requfremeirtstoodat£3biUioa 
East month, b rin g in g the total 
far die 1985-86 financial year 
to £5.9 binioa, nearly £1 
billloa lower than was estimat- 
ed at the time of the Budget. 

The £5.9 Mffion PSBR, 
compared with £102 bflfion in 
1984-85, was the lowest since 
1977-78. As a percentage of 
gross domestic product, ft 
measured 1.6 per cent, the 
lowest since 1971-72. 

At the time of the Budget on 
March 18, die Chancellor 
estimated that the PSBR 
would total £68 billion in 
198540b A Treasury spokes- 


man said yesterday that 
March revenues were stronger 
than expected and that re- 
ceipts had been boosted by the 
early payment of the third call 
on British Telecom shares by 
some shareholders. 

The figures show that 
Britain's public finances were 
not harmed by the fell in oil 
prices in 1985-86. Non-oil tax 
revenoes came in about £3 
billion better than forecast, 
while 03 revenues were £2 
bilfioo below forecast 
P ri va tiza tion proceeds to- 
talled £2.7 billion but are 
to rise to £4.75 
this year. 


ing the total by about 50.000 a 
month although, to avoid 
criticism, official statisticians 
have revised earlier figures 
back so that momh-io-month 
comparisons are unaffected. 

Even so, the Labour Party's 
employment spokesman. Mr 
John Prescott attacked the 
figures as "fraudulent 
propaganda.” 

He said:“Mass unemploy- 
ment is Britain's real enemy. 
Let’s declare war on it." 

The figures showed a rise in 
the number of people in work 
continues to accompany in- 
creasing unemployment. In 
the final quarter of last year, 
the employed labour force 
rose by 117.000 to 24.006 
million, the highest since De- 
cember 1980. 

Since March 1983, the em- 
ployed labour force has risen 
by 991.000. with more than 
half of this pan-time jobs. But 
the increase last year, 276.000, 
was less than the 391,000 rise 
in 1984. 

The Department of Em- 
ployment also published sta- 
tistics showing that average 
earnings rose by 8.1 percent in 
the 12 months to February. 
The underlying rise, of 7.5 per 
cent, was unchanged on recent 
months. 

Figures overhaul, page 25 


Maxwell 
sells stake 
inExtel 

By Cliff Fettham 

Mr Robert Maxwell, • the 
Mirror group publisher, made 
bis long awaited move in the 
£170 million battle for Extel. 
the information group; yester- 
day when he sold his crucial 
3.7 per cent block of shares to 
the bidders, tbe Demerger 
Corporation, and joined ns 
board as a non-executive 
director. 

- The move considerably 
strengthens Demerger's- posi- 
tion which also said it expect- 
ed to pick up the eightpercent 
holding controlled by MIM, 
foe investment management 
group run by Mr Dayid Ste- 
vens, hbad of the Dstily Ex- 
press' group and business 
colleague of Mr MaxwelL 
Late yesterday M1M con- 
firmed it was also accepting 
the. Demerger terms. , 

Etemerger is offering 400p a 
share for Extel with the alter- 
native of shares in the five 
component parts of Extet 
which it plans to float sepa- 
rately. Mr Maxwell is accept- 
ing shares. 

On the stock market Extel 
shares nose 15 p to 395p. 

Mr Maxwell, who had ac~. 
quired his holding from Dr 
Asliraf Marwan, the Egyptian 
financier, said he thought the 
Demerger proposals were well 
thought out but denied he had 
any plans to bid for any of the 
demerged companies if the 
offer succeeded. 

But his decision to sdl 
prompted a swift response 
from the Extel camp which 
has beeu advising sharehold- 
ers to ignore tbe offer. 

Mr Philip Boothman of 
Kteinwoit, Benson, the mer- 
chant bankers, sakh^This con- 
firms our suspicion that Mr 
Maxwell has been behind this 
attempt to get Extel on the 
cheap all the time. Tbe other 
ride has consistently declined 
to say who has been behind 

the sub-underwriting.” 

Mr Peter art, who has led 
the Demerger attack on Extel, 
sai±“lt is untrue to suggest 
that we have ageed any carve- 
up with Mr MaxwelL He took 
a lot of convincing before he 
accepted our offer. 

“We asked him on to tbe 
board because as ExteTs hug- 
est shareholder be has a wide 
knowledge of the information 
business* He has not been 
involved in the sub- 
undei writing- 


MARKET SUMMARY 


OTC firms to seek Stock 
Exchange membership 


Stock Exchange plans to 
establish a third-tier market 
for shares of companies not 
already quoted on the main 
exchange or Unlisted 
Securites Market are likely to 
lead to aveT-the-cotmier mar- 
ket-makers applying for 
membership. 

Harvard Securities, the larg- 
est OTC market maker, con- 
firmed yesterday that it would 
be applying to join the 
exchange. 

The new market announced 
by the Stock Exchange yester- 
day will be called the “Third 
Market” and trading is expect- 
ed to start-on October 27. the 
date of big bang. 

Tbe prices of shares on the 
Third Market will be quoted, 
along with those on the main 
market and USM, through the 
Stock Exchange Automated 
Quotations system. 

Prices win be quoted in 
those companies unable to 
meet the requirements for a 
quotation on the USM. Sir 
Nicholas Goodison, chairman 


By Lawrence Lever 

of tbe exchange; said yester- 
day that the aim of the Third 
Market was “to encourage an 
organized market in the secu- 
rities of worthwhile young 
growth companies”. It will 
also encompass . greenfield 
projects and companies al- 
ready dealt with by Stock 
Exchange members under 
Rule 535(2). 

The Stock Exchange intends 
the Third Market to become a 
Recognised Investment Ex- 
change under the new regula- 
tory system envisaged for 
financial markets. Sources 
doff to the exchange aid that 
it had become -increasingly 
concerned that an OTC mar- 
ket along the lines of the more 
developed American 
NASDAQ market would de- 
velop off the exchange floor. 

Access to the Third Market 
will be confined to those 
companies which are spon- 
sored on a continuous basis by 
a member of the Stock Ex- 
change. Sponsoring member 
firms will be responsible for 


the scrutiny of those compa- 
nies they sponsor. 

Mr Tom Wilmot. chairman 
of Harvard Securities, said 
yesterday that he welcomed 
the Third Market as a form of 
“official stamp of approval 
which would provide the OTC 
market with much more cre- 
dence than it currently has”. 

“A subsidiary of Harvard 
will seek to become a member 
of tbe Stock Exchange, al- 
though the main company will 
remain outside” Mr Wilmot 
said. “We are worried about 
the Stock Exchange's dampen- 
ing effect on people's ability to 
expand.” 

Corporate membership of 
the Stock Exchange was offi- 
cially sanctioned on March I, 
when the American Merrill 
Lynch and Japanese Nomura 
Securities became the first 
outside corporate members. 

The feeling among brokers 
yesterday was that only the 
smaller firms would be inter- 
ested in sponsoring the type of 
companies envisaged as can- 
didates for the Third Market. 


Bankers forgotten 
in pay revolution 

By Our Ranking Correspondent 


STOCK MARKETS 


New York 
Dow Jonas ■ 
Tokyo 

NUteiDow. 

Hang Kona: 


Gen 


sAO, 


Commerzbank 
Brussels: 
General, 

Paris: CAC 
Ztefcfc 
SKA General 


« 182A7S(+1S3) 

1535836 (+6-03) 

1791.19 (+27-' 
r.6(s 


_27T.I . 

_ 12029(4 

.2264.1 (+254) 

'fftS 

.524 JO (same) 


CURRENCIES 


Lonttot 

£$1.5030 - EflSBr 

£ DM33833 f: DM225™ 

£ SwFrz8392 S: to&fc 117.3 
£ FFr10.7728 mu mmiiMi 
£ Yen266-43 EeUHkggM 
£ todWCTSA SDR £0 .767404 


INTEREST RATES 

sssas&axft* 

ira» 


Prime Bate 

Federal Funds 6& 1 * ~ 

3-monffi Traasuy Bib 5.7&A7B* 
30-year Kinds 


MAIN PRICE CHANGES 


Glaxo _ 

Hawker 

wnamsHMgs 
Tarmac 

RMC 

Taytor Woodrow 

Wmpev — 

Delta Group 
Crown Hse 
Simon Eng 
Bowtftorpe 
Ratal — ~~ 

LondonPwk 
WSLHHgs 
Avana - 
Bowatsr 
Dupont 

Extol 

Camels Est — 

Standard Chartered _ _ 
industrial Finance — TOTpl 

SJ1p(+2«pJ 



FALLS: 

DbtBera 


Mr 




Dewey Warren - 


957p 

-70pj 


GOLD 


London Bring: 

ttffSMSSSi 

22680} . 

SSSSwMUD 


Any manager of a clearing 
bank branch who ever won- 
dered whether he was being 
fairly rewarded for bis labours 
need look only as for as the 
bond market for an interesting 
c om pa ri son. 

The bond market is, of 
coarse, one of those gbunorons 
•areas benefiting from the near 
hysteria among banks desper- 
ate to buftd up an “expert” 
team of traders, analysts and 
salesmen in order to compete 
with rhais who are desperate- 
ly boilding up similar teams. 

The enormous salaries 
many institution s are willing 
to pay some indtridnals have 
become legendary, but a report 
by Jonathan Wren, the re- 
cruitment consultants, has at- 
tempted to nearth some of the 
realities. They do not make 
encouraging reading for 
branch m a n agers. 

Take, for example, a bond 
origination manager. He will 
be in charge of marketing, 
swaps, documentation and 
execution of bond issues as 
weB as theft pricing and 
structuring. Undoubtedly 
technical staff for which, at 
the top rad of tbe market , he 
could expect to be paid a basic 
salary of arimnd £94j000. A 
younger man in his late thir- 
ties ntight rake in a piffling 
£75,606. 

Any red-Waoded bond mar- 
ket operator might fed he was 
bring underpaid at this level, 
bnt the rates are going up. The 
rider man corid expect to 
c hange jobs and boost his 


salary to £118,000 a year, 
although tbe younger would 
still be earning only £90,000 if 
he moved to a new employer. 

At the same time a bond 
dealer trading in the second- 
ary market should be earning 
something between £35,000 
and £80,000. A glance at bond 
dealing desks in the City 
suggests that he should be no 
younger than 23. 

If however, £8M00 is in- 
sufficient to keep the bond 
trader in a style to which he is 
becoming accustomed be can 
change jrixg for a salary which, 
foe Jonathan Wren report 
says, has “no defined ceiling” 
and Is “not for release” The 
banks appear to be embar- 
rassed at the sums they are 
having to pay their dealers. 

The fact that bo one at this 
stage is wiffing to say whether 
bond market operations after 
big bang are actually fikeiy to 
produce profits far the banks 
ft neither hoe nor there. 

Meanwhile, the branch 
manager-. Engaged in the 
nngfamo rons nitty-gritty of 
dealing with foe general pablic 
he is probably earning more 
than £30,000 - though not if 
he is aged over 50, according to 
Jonathan Wren. He might, if 
he were doing exceptionally 
well, earn £56,000 a year. 

Bat tbe report discloses that 
salaries are actually declining, 
so that a branch manager os 
£5M00 moving to a new job is 
fikeiy to take a cm of about 
£5,000 in his annual earnings. 


Backing 
for City 
‘fringe’ 

By Jnditb Huntley 

Mr Robin Leigb- 
Pemberton. the Governor of 
the Bank of England, has 
approved the development of 
financial centres outside the 
traditional area of the Square 
Mile. 

He told a conference on 
“The Growing City ” in Lon- 
don yesterday: “I believe that 
the combination of the rede- 
velopment of the traditional 
Gty and new development at 
its edges can meet the de- 
mands of today without arous- 
ing the Bank's concerns about 
fragmentation.” 

New offices to house the 
financial conglomerates lining 
up ahead of big bang are being 
developed on the fringes of tbe 
City as well as in Docklands 
and along the south side of tbe 
Thames. 

Mr Leigh-Pemberton add- 
ed: “We have to be prepared 
to accept some extension of 
the boundaries of London's 
financial district.” 


Bill omits 
ADR tax 

Government proposals for 
taxing American Depositary 
Receipts — securities listed in 
the US but representing shares 
registered abroad - have been 
left out of the Finance Bill, 
published yesterday. 

New proposals may be pre- 
sented at the committee stage. 


Swan Hunter chief warns on costs 


Swan Hunter should be 
renationalized if it loses the 
order for two auxiliary oil 
reple nishm ent vessels for the 
Royal Navy, Mr Roger 
Brooke, organizer of the man- 
agement buyout, said 
yesterday. 

Swan Hunter is competing 
for the £240 million order 
with a consortium led by tbe 
state-owned Hariand & Wolff, 
which is believed to have 
submitted a tower tender. 

In an outspoken attack after 
the meeting of the 

buyout specialists, Candover . 
Investments, where he is chief 


executive, Mr Brooke said 
that City investors could not 
be expected to pay the £15 
million cost of redundancy 
and cutbacks at the Tyneside 
yard if the design and build 
contract were too. 

He said: “It would be 
extraordinary to encourage 
City institutions to back the 
company on a prospectus 
hosed on the group's first of 
class design and bund capabil- 
ity and then to emasculate and 
castrate them from foe start ” 
Losing the order would “make 
it virtuaDy impossible to make 
a profit within 3 months . 


In an angry admission that 
Hariand is now favourite to 
win the order, Mr Brooke 
concluded that investors, who 
indude 36 managers, “were 
mugs. We thought from the 
prospectus and from nods and 
winks that we received that 
Swan Hunter were likely to get 
tbe first of class order for the 
AORs.” 

Swan Hunter was bought 
from British Shipbuilders for 
£5 million on special terms, 
but neither managers or Gty 
investors are prepared to dis- 
close how much has been 
invested in the venture. 


Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 


Lawson still wants to 
be taken on trust 


Nigel Lawson’s promised major 
speech on monetary policy' last night 
djd noL even on a charitable reading, 
take us much further. His Lombard 
Association oration is unlikely to 
remove many of the doubts. 

As the Chancellor set it out, we are 
now adjusting to a more sophis- 
ticated type of policy’. In the early 
days, when no one much understood 
these things, it was necessary to frame 
monetary policy rather crudely, in 
terms of the single-target aggregate, 
sterling M3. 

Now, we have all grown up and 
things do not have to be spelt out in 
such an obvious way. 

Even so, the thoughtfuL almost 
defensive Lawson of last night had 
some explaining to do. Is the Budget 
target range for sterii ng M3, a 
generous 11 to 15 per cent, a 
meaningless number, simply there to 
keep those in the City who believe 
such things matter, happy? 

Is Mr Lawson, frustrated at his 
failure to persuade Mrs Thatcher of 
the virtues of joining the exchange 
rate mechanism, pursuing an ex- 
change rate target ail the same? 

The speech provides answers to 
these questions, if not entirely 
satisfactory ones. On sterling M3, the 
Chancellor does not take us much 
further than in tbe Mansion House 
speech. 

Setting targets for sterling M3 has 
become “particularly hazardous," he 
said, but the 11-15 per cent target 
reflects “both the recent trend of 
velocity and the effect of tbe 
abandonment of overfunding.” 

Sterling M3 is a poor guide to 
interest rate decisions, but any poten- 
tially dangerous liquidity build-up 
cannot be ignored. Hence the target 
for sterling M3. But — and just in case 
anyone starts drawing comparisons 
with the Heath/Barber years — Mr 
Lawson reminds us that tbe failure 
then was to ignore the dear signals 
from narrow money and the ex- 
change rate. 

That the exchange rate is no longer 
ignored was made abundantly clear. 
The Chancellor makes out a solid 
case for EMS membership. 

But, having to live with the 
alternative, he makes the best of it. 
This is that a firm exchange rate, 
albeit it an untargeted one, is 
important. 

But Mr Lawson is not going to be 
trapped into setting informal targets. 
Rather, policy will aim at striking a 
balance between domestic monetary 
growth and the exchange rate. 

The Chancellor claimed last night 
that the Government has now estab- 
lished the track record necessary to 
carry off a freer and more pragmatic 
monetary policy. 

Hawker to change 

Hawker Siddeley has long felt that it 
was unfairly criticized for reporting 
year after year relatively static profits 
up until 1 983. It points to its 


competitors in the engineering sec- 
tors whose profits were declining 
during the same time. Sir Arnold 
Hall, in his long reign oyer the 
company, has deliberately built up a 
group where the individual products 
and markets have their cycles, but 
peaks and troughs occur at different 
times allowing stable profits to float 
above the turbulence. 

The 1985 results, announced yes- 
terday, repeat the 1984 achievement 
of profits improving at the rate of 
more than 10 per cent a year. At last, 
the group has produced a breakdown 
of results by type of equipment but 
this still leaves shareholders scratch- 
ing their heads over categories like 
"mechanical specialized 

engineering.” More detail would be 
helpful and should come with the 
annual report. 

As economic activity has increased 
worldwide, so the engineering 
companies have been able to get 
going. But in the case of Hawker 
Siddeley. the attributes which al- 
lowed it to do comparatively well 
during the recessionary years serve to 
make the gains more modest in the 
boom years. 

On turnover in 1985 of just under 
£1.6 billion, up an unexciting 4 per 
cent, the group squeezed pretax profit 
was £160.3 million, 12 per cent ahead 
of last year. This was achieved 
despite 1985’s “black sheep”. Onan 
Corporation, a 37 per cent owned US 
offshoot which fell from a £ 1 0 million 
profit (group share) to a £2 million 
loss due to two changes in ownership 
of the majority shareholding in quick 
succession when the market turned 
down. 

Much of this growth is accounted 
for by the 53 per cent rise in pretax 
profit in the all business areas in the 
UKL There was a general rise in 
orders, one-off gains from 
rationalization and automation and 
longer-term benefits of past spending 
on research and development 
Recovery from the miners' strike in 
1984 was also a feature. 

In a company as diverse as Hawker 
Siddeley, there are liable to be “black 
sheep” every year. In 1986, markets 
in oil producing countries look a poor 
prospect but aerospace should con- 
tinue to do well and the company 
should achieve the steady 10 per cent 
per annum profit rise it aspires to 
with ease. Meanwhile, it is accu- 
mulating cash at a prodigious rate 
and the market is now waiting to see 
whether it will make a major 
acquisition. 

Yesterday, Hawker remained sto- 
ically non-commital on market ru- 
mours of an interest in Simon 
Engineering. We shall see. In present 
market conditions, where no com- 
pany seems immune from takeover, 
it will in any case be a prime task of 
Sir Peter Baxendell, who takes over 
from Sir Arnold in May, to show that 
Hawker can make better use of that . 
cash than some aggressive predator. 



THE 


SAVOY HOTEL 


PLC 


Pre-rax profits of The Savoy Hotel PLC rose 
by 32 per cent to £10,705, CX)0 last year, from 
£8,112,000 in 1984. Turnover increased by 
16 per cent to £59,965,000. 

The directors report that in view of this 
most satisfactory outcome they are 
recommending a dividend of 35 per cent, 
against 25 per cent, an increase of 40 per cent. 

Last year over 15 million overseas visitors 
came to Britain. The company benefited 
strongly from Londons popularity both as a 
tourist destination and as a business centre. 


The results were also helped by favourable 
exchange rates, particularly m the early 
months of die year. 

The increased profits were achieved in 
spite of a heavy expenditure programme. 
During the year £4,900,000 was spent on 
repairs, maintenance and renewals, and a 
further £9,000,000 on major capital projects. 
This programme, which is continuing in 19S6, is 
reflected in a charge for depreciation of 
£1,598,000 up 49 per cent on 1984. 


Earnings Per Share 
A Ordinary Shares of lOp each 
B Ordinary Shares of 5p each 
Dividend Per Share 
A Ordinary Shares of lOp each 
B Ordinarv Shares of 5p each 









25.17p 

20.76p 

12-59p 

10.38p \ 

iSOp 

L50p 

1.75p 

,! V " 

1.25p 

■i* ... a. ■ ■ 

■' AJ''.' "■ •..* 

•; ■ V 


" • 


V v: Yi; 




FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS 

Year ended 

31 ht December 1985 
COCO 

V-ar ended 

3l:t December 1984 

rooo 

till 

in, 

"total Receipts 

59,965 

51,765 

ive 

art 

Profit before taxation 

10,705 

8,112 

he 

Taxation 

3^32 

2.218 

aer 

Profit after taxation and minority interest 

7,135 

5,884 : 

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TEMPUS 




The stock matorcaction 
to Elam's 37 per ctrat increase 
in taxable profits — an Sp/falL 
in the share price to 2S2p — 
appearwnost chnriish. 

But trading since the year 
end has been difficult wjih a 
freezing February and cold 
spring not conducive to sales 
of cotton frocks. 

Sales tn the first 10 we eks 
were ahead of fids- time test 
year but below expectations. 

• EUnt, however, coped weft 
with perverse weather condi- 
tions daring test autumn’s 
warm spell. 

.Its ability to push net 
margins up to 16.6 per cent 
must be the envy of most 
retailers and at the end of the 
year it was still sitting on an 
unchanged cash pile of £ 9.5 
million, despite capital 
spending 70 per cent higher ax 
£10.6mfllion. 

The steady expansion of 
the chain continues with 130 
stores expected by the end of 
this year against 1 16 last year. 

Etam believes the opti-' 
mum size for the chain may 
bis about 1 50, so it is looking 
for new directions. 

An investigations manager 
is being hired to look for 
acquisitions and minority 
stake opportunities. ' 

Retailing remains the 
prime area of interest, al- 
though the company will look 
at other possibilities. 

Its own defences against a 
potential bid loot secure. The 
directors own some 40 per 
cent of the stock and goodwill 
accounts for £1 10 million of 
the £130 . million 

capitalization. 

Any predator who could 
pay a bid premium and wring 
extra profits out of the assets, 
would have to have a magic 
formula. 

Etam is also investing its 
cash in buying freeholds. This 
year £5.2 million will be spent 
on the prime Oxford Sheet 
site and a further £7-2 millio n 
on the Barnstaple she. 

In the short term the yield 
from property will be less 
than that from cash, but after 
rent reviews the switch is 
expected to pay off 
Even in tire short term, . 
Etam reckons it can continue 
to push up margins both gross 
and net Its margins have 
been hdd during the difficult • 
start to this year, due to nfekt : 
stock control " 

Taking a cautious view of • 
taxable profits this year of 
£1 3.5 million, tire prospective 
i p/e is less than 16. . 

Given the impressive 
growth record, the shares. do 
not look expensive. 


-The yield, after a 41.7 per 
; cent dividend increase to 
- 4J25p, is 2.4 per cent. 

RMCGroqp 

The key to RMCs fortunes 
. lies m Germany, its second 
largest market Sales there 
were more depressed than 
anywhere else last year, so in 
theory ax leak, it offers the 
: greatest scope for recovery. 

Operating profits at the 
German ready mixed con- 
crete company 'fin by £10.8 
million to £4.7 priflfan , but 
the effect was maske d by the 
inclusion of RWK; a time- 
stone producer, as a subsid- 
iary rather than an associate. 
As a result the reported result 
from Germany was only £3.4 
million lower at £12.1 
minion. 

The second half, however, 
was much better than the 
first, which gives hope for a 
better result this year. RMC 
has cut out 600 jobs in 
Germany, reducing capacity 
by 20 per cent, which is in 
line with the frill in demand 
seen o ver the past 18 months. 

By taking this action it has 
reduced its cost base by £6 
million a year, though the full 
benefits win not become dear 
until next year. 

Profits in Britain of £56 
million were only slightly up 
on the previous year, reflect- 
ing' the damage wreaked by 
poor weather in the first half 
and the costs of opening 1 1 
new DIY stores. 

This year KMC will to cope 
with increased costs arising 
from the increase in the price 
of cement, which took RMC 
by surprise, as well as the 
poor weather at the start of 
the year. But there should 
nevertheless be - a good 
performance. 

Other areas, notably Spain. 
France, Belgium and Ameri- 
ca did well, lifting profits 
from £15.2 milion to £22.6 
million. As a result group 
profits only fell from £8)3 
million to £79.7 million be- 
fore tax. This year, helped by 
whw in Gennany and in 
Britain, they could goas high 
as £95 million, and leave 
scope for a further increase 
nextyear 

• On this basis the shares at 

636p are trading on i 1 times 

prospective earnings, assum- 
ing no acquisitions. The rat- 
ing looks modest and allows 
potiupg' for a pre-election 
spending since or thepoietf- 
tial benefits of the Channel 
-Tunnel: . : 

nei ' 

Northern Engineering Indus- 
tries is optimistic that'it will 
increase profits this year. 


after four years of stagnation. 
It is hopeful about winning 
several orders for large power 
stations overseas and says 
refurbishment work is pick- 
ing up at home. 

Yesterday it announced 
profits of £40.5tnillion before 
tax, only £400,000 more than 
m 1984 and £] million above 
the 1982 level. The company 
pleads special factors, such as 
movements in exchange 
rates, particularly of the rand 
against sterling, which re- 
duced profits by £6.2 million. 

In addition there was an 
unexpected £4 million write 
off in the United States and a 
rise m redundancy costs from 
£2.6 million to £3.1 million. 

However, the result was 
helped by a £4.7 milli on 
reduction in the company's 
contributions to the pension 
fund, which will also boost 
profits in each of the next two 
years. 

NETS underlying problem, 
however, has to do with 
changing contract terms. 
While NEI has not suffered 
from a big fall in the volume 
of work, it has had to accept 
smaller cash payments. As a 
result NEI is having to fi- 
nance a larger proportion of 
working capital itself. 

This led to a £50 million 
swing to borrowings of £32 
million last year. As a result 
interest received of £1.2 
milion was replaced by inter- 
est charged of £3.5 million. 
This charge cancelled out an 
improvement in trading 
profits. 

The rise in borrowings, 
which stood at 19 per cent of 
-shareholders' funds at the 
year end, should not continue 
at the same pace this year 
because the company is confi- 
dent of winning several large 
orders, which tend to have a 
greater cash dement than 
small ones. It says its best 
prospects are in China, Iraq, 
Australia and India. 

Once the Government an- 
nounces its decision on 
Sizewell, possibly next spring, 
there should be more orders 
for power plants at home. 

Earnings will be addition- 
ally boosted by another fell in 
the tax charge. Last year it 
dropped from 41 per cent to 
30 per cent, which left earn- 
ings per share 26 per cent 
higher.- 

' Assuming no disasters, 
profits this year should easily 
reach £50 million, suggesting 
that the shares at 104p are 
trading on less than seven 
times prospective earnings. 
On an unchanged dividend 
they yield 7.1 per cart, which 
looks attractive in view of the 
company's improving 
prospects. 


Preliminary 
Announcement 

Year ended 31st December 1985 


Turnover 


Financial Highlights 

1985 

£m 

1363.8 




fit Ti 


m akes a total of 14 . Op per 

• . 77 * t 985 Annual Report zmtt be posted to shareholders on 13(k May 1986. 

RMC Group pic. 

RMC House, High-Street, Rldiam, Middlesex TW13 4HA 






Fr-idad. U:v.?Cd i ; - 


LiPl IrMHCtr. Holland. I?r«cl. 
ritidont. USA and West German: 


THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 17 1986 


FTNAM^ ANn INDUSTRY 


STOCK MARKET REPORT 


Etam gets cold 
er after freeze 


Gilts shine as indexes recover 


Events in the Middle East 
and lower interest rate hopes 
were the dominating factors in 
the stock market yesterday. 

Gilts stole the limelight with 
gains of almost a point as 
money market rates eased and 
the pound rose to over 1.50 
against the dollar. 

Equities were most erratic 
as dealers followed rumour 
and counter-rumour of explo- 
sions and further US raids 
over Libya. 

An early mainly technical 
rally ran out of steam before 
lunch and prices subsequently- 
drifted lower. But the strength 
of Government slocks and a 
firmer Wall Street saw prices 
recovering again at the close 
with the FT 30 share index 
gaining 8.6 points to 1379.4 
and the FT-SE closing at 
1 662.0 up 7 J! points. 

Another bumper package of 
cheerful company results and 
renewed takevoer speculation 
helped sentiment at the outset, 
as did the calm reaction of 
Wall Street to the US decision 
to attack Libya. 

A much better than expect- 
ed 12 per cent earnings im- 


• IPECO HOLDINGS: Bar- 
clays MeTchacz Bank will offer 
for sate 8.86 million ordinary 
1 Op shares at 120pcachon April 
22. Ijpeco supplies products and 
services to the avionics and 
defence industries. Turnover for 
1985 was £8.63 mil [ion and 

j pretax profit £2.96 million. 

• GUEST, KEEN Jt NET- 
TLEFOLDS- The chair man. Sir 
Trevor Holdsworth, says in his 
annual statement that he ex- 
pects the group to continue to 
find “exciung new opportunities 
in world markets.” The outlook 
continues to be generally 
satisfactory. 

• EJS GROUP: Total divi- 
dend for 198S 6.75p (6pk Turn- 
over £70.94 million (£47.37 
million)- Pretax profit £5.51 
million (£42 million). Earnings 
per share 19.!3p (15.53p). 

• HIGGS AND HILL.- Total 
dividend for 1985 raised to 
i (3.6p(123p). Turnover £ 19247 
million (£189.65 million). Pre- 
tax profit £8.57 million (£7.18 


proveraent boosted Hawker 
34p to 577p giving another lift 
to the engineering sectors. 
StmoB, which also reported 
good results early this week, 
jumped 3Ip to 2$7p on ru- 
mours of a bid from either 
Hawker or Williams Holdings 
30p higher at 71 6p. 

In builders RMC pleased 
everybody with profits well 
above worst estimates. The 
shares closed 14p higher at 
634p while Taylor Woodrow 
was hoisted 28p more to 6l3p 
on further reflection of 
Tuesday's good profits and 
100 per cent scrip proposals. 

Tarmac, reported later this 


month, advanced 12pto470p, 
while Higgs and Hill put on 
5p to 620p after a 20 per cent 
expansion. Wimpey attracted 
revived speculative support at 
1 6 Ip up 8p. also excited by the 
prospects of lower mortgage 
rates. 

Among leaden Glaxo was 
called 27p higher at 1 105p on 
Tuesday's cheerful half-timer. 
Beer ham improved 5p more 
to 406p in sympathy while 
Lucas added 5p to 61Sp 
behind the Hawker figures. 

British Telecom at 250p 
pneked up 4p of its recent 
setback on competition wor- 
ries. Distillers dropped iSp 


RECENT ISSUES 


EQUITIES 

Abbott M V HBOp) 
AsWsy flj (I35p) 


BPP (I60pj 
Brookmoum (160p) 
Chancery Sacs (63p) 
Com 9% A 2000 
Cranswfefc M (9Sp) 
Dunam (I28p) 


Granyte Surface [56p 
inoco <55p) 

JS Pathology (i60p) 
Jams Porter (I05p) 


220+2 
202 +2 
185 
195 
75 

E31H+3J 
103 
190 
28'] 
133 +3 
85 -3 
39 +1 
285 
138-3 


WeertofeJ (liBp) 

Lee inti (iSOp) 
Lexicon (life; 
Macro 4 (lOSpi 
Menvate M (iispj 

Norank Sys (9fe) 
Realty Useful |330p) 
SAC /ntf (TOOpI 
SPP (125p) 
Tempieton (2l5p) 
Sigmex (101p) 
Snowdon & B |97p) 
Spce (80pj 
Tech Comp (I30p) 
Uneerwoods (I80p| 


110 
174 -2 
suspended 
1*5-7 
165+8 
114 -2 
328 
135 -1 
151 -1 
213 +2 
73 

120 +1 
95 

200 +6 
184-2 


million). Earnings per share, 
before extraordinary items, 
45. 6p (42.6 pi The board reports 
that the current year has started 
well. 

• APV HOLDINGS: Total 

payment for 1985 1 l.75p 

C 1 1.2Sp>- Turnover £409.1 mil- 
lion (£412.3 million). Pretax 
profit £1 5 million (£7.5 million). 
Earnings per share 23.8p (7.7p). 

• AD WEST GROUP: Half- 
year to Dec. 31. Interim divi- 
dend f-7p < I.6pL Turnover 
£39.12 million (£35.94 million). 
Pretax profit £3.14 million 
(£2.85 million). The board ex- 
pects an improved profit for the 
full year. 

• FITCH AND CO DESIGN 
CONSULTANTS: Total pay- 
ment for 1985 raised to 6.1p 
(5.31 p). Turnover £9.2 million 
(£6.92 million). Pretax profit 
£1.63 million (£1.33 million). 
Earnings per share 17.5p 
(11.9p). 

• CE HEATH: The company is 
issuing 596.279 ordinary shares. 


COMPANY NEWS 


worth £3.9 million, as part 
payment for the acquisition of 
Peterborough Data Processing 
Services. 

• JULIANA’S HOLDINGS: 
Total boss dividend for 198 5 
raised from 2.85p to 3p. Turn- 
over £8.51 million (£8.08 mil- 
lion). Profit, before lax and 
extraordinary items. £713.000 
(£1.54 million). Earnings per 
share 2.53p (6.68p). 

• ALLIED PLANT GROUP: 

Turnover for I9S5 £11.35 mil- 
lion (£8.21 million). Pretax 
profit £425.000 (£207.000). 

Earnings per share 1.5Sp 
(0.94pt 

• MACRO 4: Turnover for the 
half-year to Dec. 31. I98S. £3.12 
million (£2.67 million). Pretax 
profit £1.73 million (£1.07 mil- 
lion). Earnings per share 4.9p 
(2.7p). 

• DfNKIE HEEL: A final divi- 
dend of 0.2p. making 0.4p 
(0.55p) for the year, is included 
in the results for 1985. The 
dividend is payable on July I. 


more to 6 SOp as investore 
grew tired of waiting for the 
result of the battie between 
Guinness at 336p down 6p (a 
likely winner), and AigyU 
Group 3p lower at 345p. 

Satisfactory results support- 
ed NEI at I04p. APV 326p 
and Matthew Haft I46p up 2p 
to 6p. Delta Group jumped 
I Op to 245p on vague talk of a 
bid from BICC, Crown House 
was also wanted at 206p up 
lOp. 

In firm electricals 
Bowthorpe enjoyed further in- 
terest at 510p up 25p after 
Tuesday's results and ahead of 
the bid for FYoti meter. RacaJ 


WeHcotna (120p) 203 +9 

W York Hosp (90p) 75 

Wlclcsa (l40p) 166-2 

RIGHTS ISSUES 

Bensons Crtsps N/P 12 

CtMens F/P 280 

Greycoat N/P 26 -2 

HamwUs N/p 9 « 

NMW Comp F/P 3 65 +2S 

Share Drug N/P 36 +1 

Turner 4 Nswafl N/P 26-1 

Wales F/P 147 

(Issue price m brackets). 


Turnover amounted to 
£1.999.078 (£2.0 1 4,803). profit 
before tax was £20.293 
(£ 100 . 000 ). and extraordinary 
items amounted to £43.851 
/nil). Earnings per share were 
0.90p (1.1 8p). Export sales of 
steel toecaps have shown a 
marked improvement over the 
same period in 1985 and for- 
ward orders are running at a 
satisfactory level. 

• TELEPHONE RENTALS: 
A final dividend of 4.5p. making 
7p (6.25p) for the year is 
included in the results for 1985. 
With figures in £000. turnover 
was 75.487 (67.619), group 
profit before tax 1 5,659 ( 14.725) 
and tax 5.104 (3.32S). Earnings 
per share are !3.41p (14.60p). 
The board is confident this year 
will show an improvement in 
group profits. 

• ELBAR INDUSTRIAL: No 
dividend is payable for 1985 
(nil). With figures in £000. 
turnover was 43.224 (70.373). 
operating profit 824 (302), pne- 


recovered another Np t0 
iriin. Takeover rumours con- 
tinuaJ to excite Wedgwood at 

321p up 28p. ■ 

Extel gained 12p to 395pas 
Robert Maxwell and MIM 
assented their slakes to me 
Demerger Corporation. 

Kenning Motor dipped 18p 
to 200p following the boarffs 

recommendation of the new 

cash alternative offer from 
Tozer Kemsley. WSL HoW- 
ings ad vance . 12p. to 145p pn 
the satisfactory rights issue 
result. . 

Arana improved 12p to 
58lp influenced by a recent 
favourable circular from de 
Zoete. An 1 8 per cent setback 
cut 8p from British Mohair at 
J30p. Coals Viyella lost an- 
other 8p to 528p in spite of the 
optimistic tone of Tuesday's 
annual meeting. 

Duport, which receniiy an- 
nounced a debenture issue 
and profits forecast, rallied 
10p to f07p. Laporfe, wrtb 
results today rose 7p to 395p. 
Connaught Estate Agents 
which earlier this week an- 
nounced a rights issue with 
their results, rose 1 3p to 25 3p. 


tax loss 181 doss 971). lax credit 
58 (14). making a loss of 123. 
Loss per share 2.7p (20. 9p). 

• GABLE HOUSE PROP- 
ERTIES: Results for the six 
months to December 31. 1985. 
include an interim dividendpf 
1.45p (l.25p). With figures in 
£00(k turnover totalled 3.458 
(2J!50). pretax profit 412 (316) 
and tax 134 (95). 

• CARLTON INDUSTRIES 
(subsidiary of Hawker Sid- 
deley): Sales for 1985 £135.23 
million (£132.34 million). Pre- 
tax profit £13.84 million (£11.89 
million). 

• MATTHEW HALL: Total 
payment for 1985 4.5p (3.93p). 
Turnover £432.67 million 
(£38176 million). Pretax profit 
£16.06 miUion (£14.24 million). 
Earnings per share I3.28p 
( 10.22p on old capital). 

More company news 
on page 25 



Read how 

GKN became 
a successful 
international 

automotive 
and industrial 

group. 

(The latest chapter is out now) 


1985 was a successful year for GKN. 
both in terms of performance and strategic 
development 

The reshaping and repositioning of 
the Group, now a world leader in the design 
and manufacture of technologically advanced 
products, has brought with it much belter 
financial resuits. 

Pre-tax profits are up 15.2% from last 
year and stand at a record £132.7 miUion. 
Earniiigs of the year are up 37.4% from 
£46.0 million to £63.2 million. Earnings per 
share have risen 31% from 20.3p to 26.6p with 
an increase in yearly dividend or 14.3% From 
I0.5pto 12.0p. 

GKN Is one of the UKs largest compa- 
nies and exporters, generating half iis income 
from overseas subsidiaries. 

A substantial R & D programme 
(£45 million in 1985) and a commitment to 


GKN 



specialisation in selected business areas will 
continue to create exciting new opportunities 
in world markets. 

For a copy of Ibe 1985 Report and 
Accounts fill in the coupon below: 

You'U find it makes good reading. 

scud me a ropy of the UlSo GKN Annual! 
1 Report and Accounts. 

| Name — j 

| Address — g 

I Pin3iiidt> I 

Group Public Relations, GKN* pic. 7 Cleveland Row: ■ 
| London 5W1A lDB.Tel:01-9yi!2424. I 


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THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 1 7 ! 986 


FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 


• i • 


British Telecom's dominant 
position in the £450 million a 
year market for -private tele- 
phone exchanges - PABXs - 
came under renewed attack 
from Oft el, the Govenwnenfs 
telecommunications watch- 
dog, yesterilay. 

Professor Bryan Carsberg, 
director general of telecom- 
munications, announced mea- 
sures which he said he 
believed would provide a 
“welcome . and - significant 
movement in the direction of 

achieving even-handed 

competition" in the telecom- 
munications equipment 
market. . 

British Telecom has agreed 
to- implement new arrange- 
ments governing the provi- 
sion of internal office wiring 
for use in business telecom- 
munications systems. ' 

He said there had been a 
number of long standing com- 
plaints about the way British 
Telecom used existing licence 
rules on wiring to promote its 
own sales of PABXs and 


. Jerany Warner, Business Correspondent 
supite- apparatus at the ex- that BT duhges too much for 


to relax 
market 


pcnse of competitors. 

British Telecom has now 
®grwl to changes which go a 
long way to ensuring that 
winng becomes a neutral fee- 
tor in decisions about whether 
to purchase 9 PABX tram BT 
or a competitor. 

The problerns have arisen 
because although manufactur- 
.ers of PABXs are now allowed 
to supply the equipment di- 
rectly to customers in compe- 
tition with. British Telecom. 
BT continues to own most of 
the wiring, that forms pan of 
the business systems. 

British' Telecom has been 
using the present licensing 
rules , to require a user who 
buys a PABX from a competi- 
tor to buy the wiring first. A 
user who buys the PABX from 
BT. on the other hand, can 
continue to rent the wiring. 

BPs competitors have com- 
plained that this is a signifi- 
cant disincentive to buy from 
them. 

They have also complained 


purchase of the wiring com- 
pared with the rental cost, 
amounting- to a possible 
breach of its obligations under 
condition 43J(b) of its 
licence. 

A number of competitors 
have in addition claimed that 
the present licence rules give 
British Telecom the opportu- 
nity 10 condemn existing wir- 
ing systems as unsuitable 
when a user buys from a 
competitor, making him liable 
to the substantial extra cost of 
rewiring the building. A user 
who buy's from BT might on 
the other hand expect a more 
favourable judgement on the 
existing wiring system. 

Under the arrange men is an- 
nounced by Professor 
Carsbeig, British Telecom has 
agreed; 

• The principle that rental 
and purchase prices for wiring 
should be set at comparable 
levels. 

• To provide maimainance 
services even when the PABX 


COMPANY NEWS 


• BOWTHORPE HOLD- 
INGS: The final dividend is 
4.67p {3.4 1 p). making 7p (5-48p) 
for the year, payable on July 1. 
With figures in £000. turnover 
was 125.948 (108.921V trading 
profit was *20,369 {1S.554V 


operating profit 21,897 (1 7.483V 
profit before tax 23,238 (2a 1 22) 
and lax 9.429 (9,424). 

• WALTER LAWRENCE: 

The final dividend is 2L6Sp 
(2.42p adjusted), making 3.6Sp 
3.42p adjusted). With figures in 
£000. turnover was 132,129 
(114.145), profit for the year 
3,311 (3.J02J. employee profit 
sharing scheme 160 (150). pre- 
tax profit- 3,151 (2.952) and tax 
464 ( 547), extraordinary debt 
1.640 (495) and earnings per 
share 13. 9p (l2.9p). • - 

• PRESIDENT 
ENTERTAINMENTS: For the 
year ended December 31 the 
dividend is 1 ,33p (0. Ip), making 
2p (O.lp). With figures in £000, 
turnover was 7,773 (5,826), 
profit before tax 1 ,404 (869), tax 
464 (406V profit after tax 940 
(463), extraordinary items nil 
(debt 31 ) earnings per share 
6.42p <4_20p adjusted). 

• PSM INTERNATIONAL: 

The final dividend is 3.3p. 
making S.5p (3-15p) for 1985. 
With figures in £000. turnover 
was 15.273 (14.125). trading 
profit 2^237 (2,486 ). share of 
related company results SI (68V 
profit before tax 2,318 (2,554V 
tax 7IQ (1.004) and earnings pier 
share 13.lp(I4.5pV - . 1 

• HYMAN: For 1 985 - the 
final dividend is 0.75p. making 
1. 5p (same), payable on July 1. 
With figures in -£000, external . 


turnover was 28.001 (27,430V 
operating profit 2385 (2009V 
■ share of profit of related compa- 
nies 120.5 (120) and pretax 
profit pretax profit 1,916 
(1.624V 

• LONDON PARK HOTELS: 
The final dividend for the year is 
6.5p (4.23p), making lOp 
(7.38p). With figures in £000, 
turnover was 7,502 (5,037V 
operating costs were 5,635 
(4.797V operating profit was 
1,867 (240) and profit on sale of 
investments was 1 1 (34 loss). 

• PETROCON GROUP: A fi- 
nal dividend of 4p making 6p 
(5.25p) has been declared for 
1965. With figures in £000, 
turnover -was down to 12,625 
(11.997) and pretax profit to 


1.221 (1.831). Earnmra per 
share fell to 1 1.02p (20. 18p). 

• STEEL . BROTHERS 
HOLDINGS: The company has 
announced a final dividend, 
payable on July 1. of 12p (J2p) 
making I6p (16p) for 1985. 
Group prom before tax was 
down to £11.8 million (£14.9 
million). 

• HOLLAS GROUP: The 
, company has exchanged con- 
tracts for the acquisition of Peri- 
lusia for a consideration of 
£680,000 to be satisfied by the 
allotment of 1,942.857 new 
'ordinary shares. 

• PETROGEN PETRO- 
LEUM: Seaxe Energy Corpora- 
tion ofJackson, Mississippi, and 
Petrpgen Petroleum of Denver, 
Colorado, have signed an agree- 
ment in principle which could 
lead to Fetro0en merging with a 
wholly-owned . subsidiary of 
Seaxe. .. 


• BRKAT GROUP: Results 
for the six months to January 31 
include an iierim dividend of 
l.7p (f.5pV With figures in 
£000. turnover was up to 5,870 
(3.148) and operating profit to 
593 (479V Earnings per share 
were unch anged a t 5.7p. 

• PROTIMETEIt: The com- 
- pany has received an approach 
which may result in an offer for 
the issued ordinary share cap- 
ital. Meanwhile, the company 
has requested a suspension of 
dealings. 

• ALLIED PROVINCIAL 
SECURITIES: Westlake & Co 
and John S Smith & Co are 
holding talks which could result 
in their merger with Allied 
Provincial Securities. 

• SAMUELSON GROUP: 


Thecom party's US subsidiary, 
Samuelson Group Inc. has ex- 
. changed contracts for the pur- 
chase of Victor Duncan Inc for 
$2.5 million (£1.69 million) 
cash. 

• PERSIMMON? The chair- 
man says that sales are buoyant 
in all areas of operation and the 
company remains ahead of its 
budget. 

• LEX SERVICE: The 
company's automotive distribu- 
tion bu si nesses performed well 
in the first quarter, the annual 
meeting was told. Total sales for 
foe quarter were 2 per cent 


higher than in the same period 
of 198S.and 10 per cent higher 
than m tire fourth quarter of that 
year. 

• JACKSON EXPLORA- 
TION: OiVand gas sales last year 


• WILLIAM SINDALL: A fi- 
nal dividend of 9p (8p) making 
I2p (I Op), payable on July II. 
has been included in the results 
for 1985. Turnover rose to 
£28.05 million (£22.44 million I 
and pretax profit 10 £881.437 
(£852.668). Earnings per share 
were up to S3. 18p (80.98p). 

• NEWMAN INDUSTRIES: 
The chairman says in his annual 
statement that the board is 
confident about the future and 
the 1985 results should be seen 
only as a temporary setback in 
recovery. 

• SMITH AND NEPHEW: 
Mr Kenneth Kemp, the chair- 
man, says in his annual state- 
ment that he expects the first- 
quarter earnings per share for 
the associated companies to 
show a continuing 
improvement. 

• IBSTOCK JOHNS EN: Mr 
Paul Hyde-Thomson. the chair- 
man. says in his annual state- 
ment that the company is 
confident of resuming progress 
in 1986. 

• LONDON AND ST LAW- 
RENCE INVESTMENT CO: 
Results for the six months to 
February 28 show gross revenue 
up to £237.448 (£21 1.634) and 
earnings per share (after ex- 
penses and tax) 10 0.83p (0.74p). 
Asset value per ordinary share 
rose to 78.3 Ip (66.35pV 

• WOLSELEY-HUGHES: 
Acceptances have been received 
in respect of 98.42 per cent of 


the 23.611,135 new ordinary 
share&oflercd in the company's 
rights issue. New ordinary 
shares not taken up have been 
sold by the underwriters. 


(figures in $000) slipped to 3,724 
(4,163V 



1985 

A YEAR OF 
PROGRESS 


Profit before tax up by 12.1% 
Earnings per share up by 15.9% 
Dividends up by 22.9% 

Return on capital up to 18.3% 



Hawker Siddeley Group PLC 
18 St James's Square, London SW1Y 4LJ 
Telephone 01-930 6177 


APPOINTMENTS 


has been purchased from a 
competitor. 

• To allow the user 10 chose 
wheibcr io buy or reni ihe 
wiring after he has bought 
from a competitor. 

• To apply uniform standards 
when upgrading of wiring 
systems is required regardless 
of whether the equipment is 
supplied by BT or a 
competitor. 

• To charge for upgrading in a 
way that does not discrimi- 
nate against users who buy 
from a com peril or. Jn the past 
the purchaser of wiring has 
had to pay for the cost of 
upgrading whereas the renter 
has not- 

Professor Carsberg has 
asked BT to prepare a sched- 
ule cc “ring both rental and 
buying prices for wiring, and 
said he intended to check that 
they were fair. 

He is also consulting BT 
about several other areas af- 
fecting wiring and 
maimainance. 


Smith & Nephew Associat- 
ed Companies Mr Alistair 
Macphersoo has joined the 
board ■as a non-exeemive 
director. 

Henderson Unit Trust 
Managment; Mrs Anne 
Barrow dough. Mr D J 
BlyfieUL Mr J C Lane, Mr N 
R Legge and Mr D Payne 
have been made directors. 

Professions] Advisers Cost 
Engineering: Mr Andrew Gib- 
son is now financial director ! 
and company secretary. 

Allied Steel & Wire (Hold- 
ings): Mr George Duncan will 
shortly become chairman in 
succession to Mr Gordon 
Sambrookc. 


New-look figures tell 
old story for jobless 


By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

The Department of Em- 1983. compared with a total . l nev jJ?N>; for con- 

oyment yesterday pub- increase in employees of incrcasesan-^bl cd. . 


• si-S 

:t£;| 


Mr Ernie Gfiburd 
Col ora ma Processing Lab- 


Loiorama rrocessmg Lab- 
oratories: Mr Ernie Gil bard is 


now a joint managing director. 

Touche Ross & Co: Mr 
Michael Bernerv- Price. Mr 
Lindsay Buchanan, Mr Ross 
Bali. Mr Tom Craddock -Wat- 
son, Mr Stephen Dickens. 
Miss 0d3e Griffith, Mr Nigel 
Llewellyn, Mr Leslie Platts. 
Mr Derek Ross and Mr Paul 
Sheppard are now partners. 
Mr John Reeve has been 
admitted to the Touche Ross 
Associates management con- 
sultancy partnership in 
London. 

H P Information: Mr John 
Duffel! has been appointed 
managing director in succes- 
sion to Mr Gerard 
O' Donovan. 


ployment yesterday pub- 
lished. in one iengihy 
document, the information on 
the labour market that it 
normally gives out over a 
month. 

The intention is to provide 
a complete picture of the 
market. Yesterday's figures 
show that tiie picture remains 
confused. 1 

There rs. firstly, the familiar 
combination of good news on 
employment alongside bad 
news on unemployment 

New estimates of employ- 
ment show that the employed 
labour force increased by 

276.000 last year, and that it 
has risen by 991.000 since the 
labour market trough of 
March 1983. 

This, according to the Secre- 
tary of State for Employment. 
Lord Young of GrafTham. is 
the good news on the growth 
of employment He added that 
no other country in Europe 
had created as many addition- 
al jobs over the Iasi few years 
as the United Kingdom. 

The employed labour force 
stood at 24.006 million at the 
end of last year, its highest 
level since December 1980, 
rising by 1 17.000 in the fourth 
quarter alone. 

The good news on employ- 
ment is not unequivocal good 
news, however. Last year's rise 
of 276.0 00 was below the 

391.000 increase in 1984. 

The increase in employ- 
ment is dominated by a rise in 
the number of part-time jobs. 

There has been a 547.000 
rise in the number of female 
part-time jobs since March 


id- increase in employees ui 
hy 532.000. Self-employment has 
on increased by 457.0QQ. 

There is, too, no sign of an 
a end to the slide in manufeciur- 
ing emplovmenL After declin- 
dc ing by 29.000 Iasi year, 
he manufacturing employment 
res has fallen by 25.000 in the first 
ins two months of this year, with a 
20.000 drop in February, 
iar On unemployment, the op- 
on timism of last autumn has 
a j now evaporated, and Depart- 
ment of Employment siatisti- 
... cians believe that we are back 
on the old 10,000-15,000 ris- 
b . ing monthly trend for the 
•-j 2dull total. 

he The March figures are pub- 
o f fished on the new basis, under 
which the compilation of the 
figures is delayed by two 
weeks to reduce over-record- 
ing. This cuts the total b> an 
average of 50.000. but has no 
* t eficct on the trend, 
pe The department has revised 
£ earlier figures to be consistent 
jjj with the new data. 

This shows that the season- 
ally adjusted adult total for 
f- e March. 3.198 million, is the 
^ highest on record, and was a 
rise of 36.800 from February 
— ihe biggest monthly increase 
111 since September 1981. 

The bad February weather 
y- may have contributed to the 
>d strong rise — the official count 
se was on March 6 — but there is 
ie no mistaking the upward 
trend in unemployment 
y- Over the six months to 
in March, the adult total has 
s. risen by 12,400 a month. 
X) compared with a 5.000-a- 
le month rise over the prev ious 
:h six months. 


increases arc blamed for con- 
tinually rising unemployment- 

in fact, ihe earnings picture 
is remarkably stable. Average 
earnings in the economy rose 
by 7.5 per cenl in Ihe 12 
months to February, the same, 
more or less, as for the past 
two years. 

The actual increase of 8.1 
per cenl was inflated by 


comparison with the miners 
strike a year earlier. 


In manufacturing, the url- 
deriving rate has edged down 
slightly, from 9 per cem last 
summer, and 8.75 per ceni in 
ihe fourth quarter of last year- 
to 8.5 per cent in January and 
February. 

Unit labour costs for life 
whole economy rose at a 
slightly faster rate Iasi year, 5.7 
per cent, compared with 4.-3 
percent in 1984. " 

Productivity too was stron- 
ger. rising by 2.1 per cent for 
the whole economy, against 
1.4 per cent in 1984. 

Indeed, for those who be- 
lieve in the productivity the- 
ory' of unemployment, the 33 
per cent rise in manufacturing 
productivity since December 
1980. and the 17 per cent 
increase in whole economy 
productivity, does provide 
some support. 

There is no evidence ihough 
that industrial disputes are 
contributing to rising 
unemployment 

Days lost in February 
through industrial action to- 
talled 1 92.0ii0. about 17 per 
cent of the February average 
over the previous 10 years. 


APV HOLDIN 




Turnover 


Profit before tax 


Profit after tax 


Earnings per share 
Ordinary dividends 
Debt/equity 


23Rp 

11.75p 


7.7p 

11.25p 


Extracts from die statement by the Chairman, Sir Ronald McIntosh KCB 


. Turnover in 1985 was approximately the 
same as in 1984 but profit before tax dou- 
bled from £7.5 million to £15.0 million. This 
reflects the success of the action taken since 
July 1984 to reduce costs and improve mar- 
gins. 


Trading Results 

Overseas subsidiaries contributed over 
70 per cent of our trading profit, due mainly 
to greatly improved results in North 
America and the Asia Pacific region. The 
restructured business in North America is 
now better equipped to meet market 
requirements and another satisfactory year 
is expected in 1986. Continued growth can 
again be expected from the Pacific region. 

In Europe profits also improved in 19S5 
and recent orders will help to ensure 
another good year. In the United Kingdom, 
with the exception of APV International, 
most subsidiaries had a satisfactory year. 


achieve continuous improvement in our 
technology, through increased involvement 
in research and development. Organic 
growth based on improved products, proces- 
ses and marketing will be supplemented, 
where appropriate and practicable, by 
acquisition. Our strong balance sheet wiil 
help in this. 

In March 1986 we agreed to form a joint 


venture with the process equipment divi- 
sion of Holstein & Kappert GmbH, which is 


sion of Holstein & Kappert GmbH, which is 
a world leader in the design and manufac- 
ture of special hygienic valves for the bever- 
age industries and a specialist supplier of 
filtration and carbonation plant for the 
dairy, brewing and soft drink industries. 


Capital expenditure 
The capital budget for machine tools in 
19S6 is twice as high as in any of the past 
three years. The first phase of a planned re- 


equipment programme to update APV 
International's factory at Crawley will be 
undertaken this year. This reflects our 
intention to concentrate manufacture of 
most group products in two advanced 
facilities - one at Lake Mills, Wisconsin and 
the other at Crawley - and so to increase our 
ability to meet international competition, 
from whatever source. 

t 

Prospects 

Orders in hand were about S per cent 
higher at the end of 1985 than at the begin- 
ning. The trend of order intake in the last 
quarter of 1985 and the first quarter of 1986 
has been rather flat, but there are indica- 
tions of improving opportunities in several 
areas. There is also scope for further 
improvement in profitability as a result of 
the management action referred to earlier. 


Rationalisation 

We made good progress in 1985 on our 
rationalisation programme. It is, however, a 
continuing one and the full benefit' will not 
be achieved until 1987. 

Financial disciplines within the group 
have been strengthened. This has resulted 
in better management of assets and a reduc- 
tion in working capital. 

The accounting policy for the valuation of 
certain stock and work in progress has been 
revised; the reduction arising from this revi- 
sion has been charged as a prior year adjust- 
ment, with a consequential restatement of 
opening reserves and of the comparative 
figures for 1984. 







Business development 
We shall continue to give the highest 
priority to the growth of our mainstream 
business as designers and manufacturers of 
process plant for the food and beverage 
industries of the world. Our objective is to 


Dividend 

With the increase in profits in 1985 and 
the improvement in their quality, your 
board are recommending an increase in the 
final dividend from 6.75p to 7.25p per share. 


m ; 4 

*, & : 


APV — market leaders in advanced process plant for the food and 

beverage industries. 


7 APV HOLDINGS PLC 

APV House, Manor Royal, Crawley, West Sussex RH10 2GZ. 


The ACM trill be held on Friday 23 May 1986 at the fnviiiute ofDinyton,. 1 16 Pall Mull. Lot dot i'H7 


The above figures erg from the full hutental eostoetouala of tk* group f.>r the year ended 3} Dflftwtor /SK5 nn ufiiffc /fir nuJifius i'N an unquahfvtl * 

npmtpn. The full uauu w will bt filed u ilh Ou-Hi^ntrvro! Cntnpetties after thr Annual Ue»i'Kl.)fet , /i’i/>. * 




cubit. 








FINANCE and industry /law 


THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 17 198_6_ 


COMMERCIAL PROPERTY 


Firms get set to repel big bang bo arders 

^ i i i i i . 1 — ■ i — nny market-raakin 


By Judith Huntley 


Edward Erdman, a leading 
firm of commercial estate 
agents, may be poised to let 
outside interests take a stake. 

It is not alone in this. Most 
commercial practices are de- 
bating such a move and it is 
likely that the medium-sized 
firms will be the first either to 
go public or to be bought by an 
institution. 

Some of Erdman's senior 
partners arc coming up for 
retirement, which has prompt- 
ed it to seek the advice of 
several stockbrokers about the 
options open to it. An injec- 
tion of outside capital may be 
the way for the firm to buy out 
its partners’ stakes. 

It is believed that the 
partners’ holdings amount to 
30 per cent of the equity. And 
it is this stake which could be 
up for sale. 

Erdman is unusual in that it 
is owned by a limited liability 
company set up by Mr Edward 
Erdman himself before the 


Second World War. It is an 
arrangement which is not 
allowed nowadays but the 
Royal Institution of Chartered 
Surveyors, the professional 
body for the surveyors, is to 
allow firms to become limited 
liability companies this year. 

Many feel it is the only way 
to inject capital into their 
practices but most are deter- 
mined to hold on to their 
independence. 

Speculation surrounds 
Chestenons, the firm of agents 
with a strong market in selling 
luxury homes, which has been 
spending much time and ef- 
fort of late in promoting its 
commercial property 
activities. 

The firm told the press that 
it. would announce an impor- 
tant development in the field 
of financial services next 
Tuesday. The announcement 
has been delayed but there are 
suggestions that Chestenons 
may be thinking of floating off 


ft- -is v 


vx.'a 



British Land on French soil: the refurbished offices at 56 Rue da Faubourg, Paris 
British Land and its partner, sq metre. The letting, one of retry of the Interior and is sow 
WereWhave, the Dutch devel- the largest achieved in Paris being extensively retasmsfeed 
oper, have let 4,745 sq metres for a renovation, follows on the to provide 12.060 sq ndre s ®8 
of space in its refurbished success of London & Edin- space with 100 underground 
offices at 56 Rue du Faubourg, burgh Trust’s Paris scheme, parking spaces. The tenant 
St Honors, Paris, to Gaz de British Land's building was was introduced by Kfchard 


bong extensively refurbished 
to provide 12.060 sq metres of • 
space with 100 undergrotmd 
parking spaces. The tenant 
was introduced by Richard 
Ellis. 


nwuwitv a u, DllUhU UUIU9 iwimwi**® " — 

France at a real of FrZ,500 a forme -W occupied by the Min- 


part its activities on the 
market. 

While the property world 
waits to see which, if any, of 
the largest firms go public or 
sell to an institution or finan- 


cial conglomerate, Fletcher 
King believes that the medi- 
um-sized firms like itself will 
be the first to come to the 
market. 

The financial revolution, in 


UKPI portfolio ‘one of best’ 


Friends Provident Life Of- 
fice, the new owner of United 
Kingdom Provident Institu- 
tion, has dismissed as “com- 
pletely unfounded" a 
suggestion that UKFI’s poor 
performance was due to prop- 
erty as well as unquoted 
securities. 

The suggestion was made by 
Mr Bill Proudfoot chief gen- 
eral manager of the Scottish 
Amicable Life Assurance 
Society. 

Mr Michael Hardie, the 
general manager of invest- 
ments for Friends Provident. 


said; “ft is a clean portfolio 
with good office buildings in 
London and a shopping centre 
in Sutton Coldfield, West 
Midlands. It has little expo- 
sure to overseas property and 
is one of the best portfolios 1 
have seen.” 

UKPI has £300 million 
invested in 68 properties, 
compared with Friends Provi- 
dent with £430 million. It bas 
been involved in property for 
many years, in which it has 
put about 20 per cent of its 
money. Friends Provident, on 
the other hand, is a relative 
newcomer to property and has 


only about IS per cent of 
investments in the sector. 

Mr Hardie said; “The merg- 
er of the two life offices means 
that we will be putting togeth- 
er the two property portfolios 
which will be run and man- 
aged as a closely-knit entity. 
There is no need from our 
viewpoint to sell any of the 
UKPI portfolio.” 

UKPI is allied with 
Greycoat Estates in its at- 
tempt to develop a 200,000 sq 
ft retail development in the 
heart of Wimbledon. London, 
a rival to that proposed by 
Spey hawk. 


UKPI owns the island site 
which Greycoat wants to de- 
velop, but Spey hawk bas plan- 
ning permission for two- 
alternative schemes in the 
town centre. 

Mr Hardie at Friends Provi- 
dent said UKPrs stake in the 
Greycoat proposals is small 
compared with the good in- 
come it is getting from the 
land holding. 

Friends Provident devel- 
oped the Ashley Centre in 
Epsom, Surrey, with Bredero, 
the Dutch developer, which is 
reported to be coming to the 
British market shortly. 


!N THE PROPERTY, 


25-27 June 


Barbican 
Exhibition Hall, 
London EC2 

Details from: 
Truemist Ltd 
216 Goldhawk Road. 
London W129NX. 

Tel: 01-749 9535 


A rw» opportunity lor those «Tvolved m the 
V management deveMpment and corstrurton 
seclofsoffhepnnpBtymartel 
foswrteiaiwl \ 

products and sennees 
designed lo imoitwe \ 
ebiotncy am) 
ptofiUbiVTy 


fit W.W-iiflrWf-I 


Mi ifiRM «• l-Vl-1 M -1 1 iM 1 1 




Jk. A unique business Swum «twte forward 
xP thdAmg architects can cteptay theewwk 
and uuriiel tftw stalls lo an jflienbal 
audience of key decry on-makem responsible 
lor comiTWSionmg Iwtfvng v»wk. 

ARCHITEX 86 


rnr-fTTmc-ii'j 




dla i 


o\ 


1 * jm 


THEGUINNESS 
BID FOR DISTILLERS. 
I LATEST PRICES 


Distillers 
shareprice | 
worth 

BBBaaBME aaawM mmmmmmam 

Guinness 
best and final 
offer worth 


Guinness 
higher by 


P 


P 


+ 


P 


The Guinness offer is unanimously recommended by the Board of Distillers. 

The closing date is April 18th at 3 pm. 

GUINNESS PLC 


the City is making itself felt in 
the property market. Some 
kind of new investment vehi- 
cle for commercial buildings is 
likely to emerge soon, but the 
chartered surveyors are wor- 


Thli ulirniwinciii I* purliuiL'd by Muisar. Civ'ii'H C*. Lnai:oi aril Tnr E- m-h L.<wr> S-.-V L’i . n O-J '!'<? » i‘ L l _ Tn. ”n 

r«,p- .riMnh. : u r ihr xni‘.>riR.iMwn c^nf •weJ in sni, .iii-.e'ti.-v'ncn* T< tK'ViI ..t »h*ir r.r'.v led;- i'C .> lha' "s' 'fc<- -r !. 3>* .. . i: • 

voniaincJ 1-1 i hi-- jd^rpiwiiwnt i >a •» -its n. n.-»- T*>? {'iro.-Vs <i|'Gj.nnu-‘ ~’.C if.'yr' ’• -f ■ ny; 

The Cwmnm* ^firr depend.,. Tii 1 - -Kin 1 p.ifr TJw ab’vir ybVr valwj* Cnurae?* Cl*vr a ..uimr>i; D.’crpj.-.i - C ■ 

EI«d’*aii:*'rnm!Wi'piinr,4llo<«iMii''Mlietiur“i''C ii'ii , 'Hi ri.'hT(ii,f5!.»ri-. Ki-eJ.ciPty. cnailen; s^Kc- i: n* ! u ..- <■ 

The Oik- »aiue ulr jic.-un' « ji e»'in..re r*i '.V nJ Mjci.en;n: ft. C -- Liisiuw .ind 0:uii'i- 4, *.-• > i me \ .l>.e -u'i. j t. :•>- n 
frirlerelKe 5Fj;o, l f 'Jmprx.-,.. The vilue i.r ific G>.V.«:iicie Pr. :ntn ;s -‘hire- ■'J Gu'tini. s-.'lTu'-.-J i.-c (:.v 



ried that any market-making 
in such a vehicle could leave 
them stranded in the cokL 

Their fears are not unfound- 
ed. The merchant banks and 
financial conglomerates build- 
ing up ahead of big bang along 
with the American finance 
houses in the City have a bead 
start as far as knowledge and 
understanding of the finan- 
cial, as opposed to the proper- 
ty, markets is concerned. 

Many surveyors feel they 
must become market-makers 
if they are to compete with 
such a threat. And to do that 
they need money, which, on 
that scale, can only come from 
outside a partnership. Becom- 
ing a limited liability compa- 
ny is tbe first step on that 
route. 

But others m the profession 
are keen to retain indepen- 
dence and their existing prac- 
tices , believing that specialist* 
knowledge will be a better 
protection from competition 
than trying to beat others at a 
game they know better. 


Joint developer 
submits plans 
for Brooklands 


Trafalgar Brookmonat, 


meats Holdings and Brook- 
mount, die Northern Irish 
property company, has plans 
fmanWmiiliondevdop- 
ment at the Brooklands site in 
Weybridge, Surrey. The 
company has put in three 
planning applications to 
Elmbridge District Council 
for tbe development of the 
260-acre site bought from 
Oyster Lane Properties for 
£39 milium last year. 

The three-phase scheme 
on 182 acres will have indus- 
trial, retail and office 
space. The company wants 
permission for IS million 
sq ft of wntehoose and indns- 
trial space on 117.84 acres. 
The existing 530,000 sq ft of 
industrial baOdings have 


a widening of the rate bands 
to take in new areas of 
rental growth on tbe City 


ration. 

The retail element of tbe 
scheme wiQ have 150,000 sq ft 
on a 27-acre plot, indodi g 
a superstore, do-it-yourself 
store and a garden centre. 

A further phase may indude 

recreational facilities, such 

as the Brooklaads Museum 
commemorating the 
BrooUands motor racetrack. 
• Hiltiet Parker bas 
joined forces with the Valua- 
tion Officer of the City of 
London to produce a rates 
map of the Square Mile 
showing tbe variations in 
costs. Rating is still based 
on 1973 values and the map 
reflects the letting market 
in that year. The highest rates 
are round the Bank of En- 


Cfty fringes, with higher 
values in the east than the 
west 

All that is set to change 
as the Valuation Office gears 
itself np for the revalnatam 
of commercial property in En- 
gland and Wales which the 
Government says must be 
completed by 1996. Hilticr 
Parker predicts a signi fic a n t 
shift in rateable values and 


BASE 

LENDING 

RATES 


ABN 

Alton & Company 

BCC1 

Citibank Sairingst 

ConsoSdafed Cras 

Continental Trust 

Co-operative Bank 

C. Hkb* l Co 

Lloyds Bank 

Nat Westminster 

Royal Bank of Scotland. 

Cfflani TwIIZZZ 


their joint company, SJR.T 
Developments, are to refur- 
bish the Walsall shopping 
centre in the West Midland® 
at a cost of £5 ralHiait A 
food court is to be installed in 
Old Square, the town cen- 
tre shopping scheme which 
has L4Q,Mifsq ft of space 
with 46 shops. Richard EfKs 
is the letting agent. 

• Lynton Holdings has 
bought out tbe Co-operative 
Insurance Society’s 30 per 
cent stake m its property in- 
vestment subsidiary. Cen- 
tral Land Investments, for 
jsst under one million 
Lynton shares. Tbe deal re- 
leases properties worth £8 
mfitiou from charges and 
gives Lynton tbe right to 
substitute new mortgages. 


UK 


THE LONDON INTERNATIONAL 
FINANCIAL FUTURES EXCHANGE 

is pleased to announce 

AN EXTENSION IN TRADING HOURS 

for the following four contracts 


New hours 


Old hours 


Long Gilt futures 
Short Gilt futures 
FF-SE 100 futures 
Long Gilt options 


09.00 - 16.15 (0930 - 16.15)“ 
Q9J05 - 16.20 (09.35 - 1620) 
0905 - 16.05 s (0935 - 1550) 
09.02-16.15 (09.32 - 16.15) 


■ London lime 


;'«•»» o OuT.r.c-.' rii.’ m »h* 

■ .•v >■* ini -rtiuii.T. 

j:<- .riirdv 

• iJ»: •••;■"» C p> .— Wp r'WTTEC 

,:cr T'pN .t l—'n -irnl 

: i .'..i ’ . T' ;*■ rht 

■. r.-y -'■'•'.r'l. i| U .'u.-j 


THESE CHANGES TAKE EFFECT FROM 
28 TH APRIL 1986 


L1FFE Limited 

Royal Exchange, Lomdon EC3V3PJ 
Tet 01 .623 0444 Tbe 893893 LIFE G 


h ** -A | 


Law Report April 1 1 1986 


Employers liable 
for negligence of 
overseas company 


McDenmd v Nash Dredging That duty ■ wajoftfis i and 
£ Reclamation Co Ltd convcmenily divrfed mo a 

i^NeiU 8 ^ d S oS!Sr example, theoWigaiion 

[Judgment given April 16] ^ ^ 

^S--r-sss 

safety of their employees was it was important to remember 

Si S2s.^ ich 

SKs werevicariously could not be delegated, 
liable, under English law, for Furthennore, it was a dut> 
the oegiigence occasioning the which was owed to each 

injury. employee individuafiy and ac- 

The Court of Appeal so held cnto&y 


on, for example, theoWigaiion 
to provide safe plant ana 
materials. 

But there were cases where 
ft was important to remember 
that the employe 1, owed a 
single personal duty which 
could not be delegated. 

Furthermore, it was a duty 
which was owed to each 
employee individually and ac- 
cordingly account had to be 


Reclamation Co Ltd against a 
finding of liability made by 
Mr Justice Staughton ( The 
Times July 31 1984) in an 
action for damages by the 
plaintiff, Mr Jamie 
McDermid. 

Mr Walter Ayten, QC and 
Mr David Melville for Nash; 
Mr Alan Tyrrell, QC Mr 
Roger Shawcross and Mr 
Mark Johnstone for Mr 
McDermid. 

LORD JUSTICE NEILL, 
delivering tbe judgment of the 
court, said that the appeal was 
against tbe judge’s decision 


! against a j 0 the instant case the 
made by relevant facet of the general 
ton (The duty of foe employer to take 
54) in an reasonable care for the safety 
s by the ofthe young employee was the 
Jamie obligation to provide and 
maintain in operation a safe 
, QC and system of work. It was there- 
for Nash; fore necessary to look closely 
QC Mr at the facts. 


The general rule was that an 

employer was not liable for a 
tort committed by another 
person in the course of foe 
peiformamce of work for the 
employer unless foe tortious 
act was committed by senne- 


asainsi uk juukcb — — , 

ordering Nash to pay to the onewhowasfoesenranl^foe 
plaintiff £43,893 as damages employer or had been dumiy 
for personal, injuries suffered authorized by foe employer. 

«. • » » f n*Ti- . ... . 


at Liverpool Street. 

Tbe Govenunent's pro- 
posed introdnetion of a mu- 
form rate la the pound 
across tbe country wonld 
mean foe City of London 1 
Corporation would levy tbe . 
same rate poundage as the 
surrounding boroughs, a rise 
of 40 per cent This would 
have an impact on tbe proper- 
ty market by encouraging 
the outward spread of the City 
and by redwing the rent 
differentia] between the 

Square Mite and adjoining 

areas ^h ere rents bare been 
lon er became of higher 
rates. 

• The Qantas Internation- 
al Centre in Sydney has been 
sold to the Commonwealth 
Banking Corporation for 
AS200 million (£100 m3- 
tion) m what is probably 
Australia's largest single 
property deaL The 453,000 sq 
ft b^dfttg^ » in the heart of 
Sydney’s financial district 

Qantas has a 20-year 
lease on its space in the tower, 
and the ksflsifeg is Dally • 
let BaiDien Knight Frank and 
CoUkrs International were 
tbe agents on the scheme 
which bas been bought for 
the pension fond of Common- 
wealth Banking. 

• London A New York Es- 
tates, foe British property 
company, is to develop a 
joint venture office block in 
New York with Mitsui, tbe 
Japanese conglomerate. 

The British and Japa- 
nese want to build a 28-storey, 
225,000 sq ft office tower 
with retailing at ground floor 
level at the corner of Fifth 
Avenue and East Fortieth 
Street The scheme is said 
to have a completed value iff 
$90 mjltion (£61 million). 

The letting agent is Abrams 
Beuisch Riker. 

• Sibec Developments and 


by him in 1975 while he was m <j^ e wor j ti although done at 
Nash’s employment ^ request of foe employer 

i In April 1975, the plaintiff and for his benefit; waMg 
I aged 18, entered Nash’s em- ered to be foe independent 
ployment as a deckhand. In function of foe person who 
June Nash offered him foe undertook it and to be earned 
opportunity of going to work out by that person as a 
on a dredging contract being principal (or the servant ota 
carried out by Nash and their third party! and not as foe 
parent company based in Hoi- representative of foe employ- 
land, Stevin Dredging BV. er. 

The dredging operations Bui foe general rule was 
were to be undertaken for the subject to exceptions which 
Swedish government in a fiord the common law was still in 
at Lulea in Sweden. The the process of developing, it 
plaintiff accepted the offer. was clear that if an employer 
The dredger was moored delegated to another person, 
offshore in the fiord and the whether an employee or not, 
crews working on the dredger his personal duty to take 
went out to it by tug. One of reasonable precautions for the 
foe tugs in use was the Ina, safety of his employees, then 
which belonged to Stevin. foe employer was liable for 

The plaintiff bad been told !r 

to work on the Ina with n^ligence of ttet petwm 
fantain Ras. who was em- cause d was m the eyes of foe 
ployed by Stevin, and was bw ^ own negbgence. 
doing so when he sustained in addition to cases where 
the injuries which had given foe employer had delegated 
rise to the present prodfced- his personal duty to exercise 
mgs. . . reasonable care so that he 

Captain Sas, who did not remaned ansycrable for the 
enrak much Enrtish had negligence of the delegate, 
signed to foe jriajniiff to untie there would be <as>M wftereihe 

ineropesby which foe tug was . fiSUhiJS ifihShis 

tied to the dredger. As he fod dura to see for himself that his 
so, the captain put foe engine employees, while working on 
astern premahwly andfoe the 
plaintiff went into the water control of a third parity, tverc 
with foe rope, seriously injur- 001 

amputated. Mermans Wilson Line Ltd 

In October 1976 his em- .<[1960] 2 Lloyd’s Rep 16, 22). 
oynieni with Nash came to ft had not been possible to 
i end and be foul had great discover any general principle 
fficulty in obtaining work. t0 provide a sure guide to foe 
Iso, the sporting activities limits of vicarious liability in 
bich he had previously en- ton 


ploymem with Nash came to 
an end and be bad had great 
difficulty in obtaining work- 
Also, foe porting activities 
which he had previously en- 
joyed were no longer open to 
him. 


Jr It seemed that in a case 

where a plaintiff was suing in 
A wmwasissttodml 977on respect of injuries received by 
the plaintiffs . behaH. Only him in the course of his 
.Nash were named as defen- employment and while work- 
dan ts., No proceedings were jpg a pfece at which he was 


brought against Captain Sas’s required by his employer to 
employers, Stevin, because of, Vork foe only satisfactory 
inter alia, life difficulties of approach was to look at all the 
effecting service on a compa- circumstances in foe light of 
ny registered m Holland m foe fact that it was the basic 
respect of a claim in tort duty of the employer to take 
arising in Swedish territorial reasonable care so to conduct 
waters * his operations as not to sub* 

The judpe held the ject those employed by him to 
plaintiffs accident was wholly . unnecessary risk. 
avsed by foe negligence of It seemed that on any 
Captain Sas. There had been sensible view of life doctrine 
no appeal against that nnaing. vicarious liability foe cap* 
The mam question at issue tain was foe agent or delegate 
babUUy “■ ofNash to perform their duty 
tached to Nash. towards the plaintiff 

The judge decided that issue The probable cause of foe 
in favour of foe plaintiff. He accident was foe absence of a 
said: “As between the plaintiff safe system or a careless 
and foe defendants. Captain disregard by foe captain of the 


Sas must be taken to have risks which his unsafe method 
been the servant of foe of work entailed, 
defendants”. Their Lordships would de- 

In order to examine foe cide foe issue of liability in 
issue of Nash's liability the favour of foe plaintiff not 
court could not confine its > because foe captain “must be 
attention to foe question deemed to have been foe 
whether the judge was right to servant or Nash, but because 
conclude that the captain bad he was the person entrusted by 
to be deemed to have become Nash with performing their 
the servant of Nash. duty to take reasonable care 

It was also necessary to ^ or the safety of foe plaintiff 
consider the primary obliga- The judge decided that foe 
tions owed by Nash to the appropriate figure for special 
plaintiff and also the extent to damages to the date of trial 
which an employer might in was £32,000 plus interest. On 
certain circumstances be liable riamag f* for future loss he did 
to an employee fin 1 the negfi- not assess any figure because 
gence of a third party who was he took the view that the 
not his servant. dam aces under that head ttv 


In tbe tight of all tbe 
relevant facts it seemed clear 
that, if one applied the princi- 
ples of English law, Stevin 
would have been regarded as 
tbe employer of Captain Sas 
and vicariously responsible 
for him had a claim been 
made by some third party who 
might have been injured by a 
negligent act of the captain 
during the operation or the 
tug. 

But foat conclusion was not 
foe end of the matter for foe 
purpose of considering the 
liability of Nash towards the 
plaintiff. 


Southampton. 


he took the view that foe 
da m ages under that head to- 
gether with the damages for 
pain and suffering would, after 
taking account of the special 
damages, greatly exceed foe 
statutory limit of £43,893. 

He had held that Nash were 
entitled to limit their liability 
under section 503 of the 
Merchant Shipping Act 1894, 
as amended by section 3 of foe 
Merchant Shipping (Liability 
of Shipowners and Others) 
Act 1958. That was wrong. 

On damages for pain and 
suffering he did not express 
any view. 

In those circumstances the 
case would have to be sent 


The duty of an employer back to foe judge so foal he 
was to take reasonable care for could assess the appropriate 
foe safety of his enployees. sums by way of damages for 
whether the employer was an future loss and for pain and 
individual or a company and suffering and loss of amenity, 
whether or not foe employer Solicitors: Mackrell & Co; 
look any part in foe conduct of Woodford & Ackrovd 
the relevant operations. ° — ■ — -• 7 









■- ‘T-. I 


'■'•r s 

,■ A 


;u iurce; 
rtc Is ibr 


riuimrfss PLCarethe persons responsible for die information contained in this advertisement. To the best of 
Limned and Hie Bridsh Linen Bank UmiladonbAalfofGumnaiPlC * ta with ,he 6cm The Directors of Guinness PIC accepl responabilily acewdinsly- 


; that such is the case) the information contained in this advertisement 


IULO. *ik — ~ — r ■ ■ - - —I I r 


The above ^“5 ^P** - ®* 1 * 


^^feas^ vahre. feed onihe Guinness share 


»« h h«« -* « « P»-* *™L 


ireo h hii 


‘ 


1 _ 


•tf 


ISiH 


the distillers share price 


The Guinness oferis unanimously Band lof 1 Disifa 

TEe closing date is tomorrow Friday April 18th at 3 p.m. 


















28 


THE 



TIMES 


L ei's slop fudging the issue. 
Wc ha ve become expert at 
avoiding the main point 
- namely (hat for a free 
democracy economically founded 
on capitalism we are doing badly. 
We are noi creating enough jobs, 
we arc not exporting enough, our 
educational system is Rawed, 
above ail we are not creating 
enough wealth. Pan at any rate of 
Ihe reason for this is attitude. We 
stubbornly resist using results as 
(he key arbiter of performance and 
the focus of our activities, whether 
in education or in business. 

Just visit Houston, as one of my 
team did recently, and feel the 
difference — clinching the sale, 
completing the deal, developing 
the business and growing the 
wealth-dominated thinking. So 
washing machines are sold with 
the plug and the store insials them 
for you. So companies, individ- 
uals and slate co-fund education 
arc geared to improving career 
prospects. So customer service is a 
virtue and many people have two 
jobs to get ahead faster. 

At the centre of all this, and 
relevant to a businessman writing 
on these pages, is the determina- 
tion to reward people flexibly by 
their performance — not covertly. 


GENERAL APPOINTMENTS 


not apologetically, but genuinely 
and with confidence. In my job 1 
have seen how vital people are. 
and key managers most of all. We 
must make sure they are motivat- 
ed. rewarded and retained in a way 
that thrills them and reinforces the 
operating realities of the business. 
Pan of this is sharing the risk of 
failure and that means building 
their financial packages carefully. 

You need to understand the 
company, and the individual, you 
need full taxation expertise as well 
as that of communications, per- 
sonnel and recruitment. The ulti- 
mate challenge, what is now in all 
senses •‘the bottom line" is the 
satisfaction on all sides of compet- 
ing successfully and growing 
wealth rapidly. Then we can turn 
to treating our social problems, 
then we can help improve our 
inner cities — indeed the very 
process of growth will have helped 
this happen. 

Flexibility and a link between 
pay and performance are not the 
exclusive province of manage- 
ment. The Chancellor’s 1986 Bud- 
get blamed the rise of pay rates 
and consequent uncompetitive 
unii/labour costs on the inherent 
rigidity of our pay system. Mr 
Lawson's hope is that, given some 


Future success in 
business and 
education is 
about rewarding 
people — not 
fudging the issues, 
says James Cooke 

form of tax incentive, wage costs 
can be controlled by a relationship 
between company performance 
and pay instead of one between 
performance and manning levels. 

• Consequently, job losses will 
cease to be the first recourse when 
profit margins are squeezed. The 
bonus systems current in Britain 
lend to be just that — bonuses. 
They reward extra effort on top of 
normal pay for the job - there is 
rarely, if ever, any question of the 
level of “normal pay" being 
reduced. 



The Chancellor's idea in effect 
amounted to more than a recom- 
mendation for flexibility in pay. It 
amounted to a cal) for a change in 
attitudes between the employer 
and the employed — for a new 
partnership in industry. And this 
lead is wdcome^and necessary. 

Japanese companies, whose 
schemes are related, although in 
peculiarly Japanese ways to com- 
pany performance, pay at least 
four and five months' incremental 
salary (or about 33-40 per cent 


bonus) in two roughly equal 
bonuses in June and December. 
The annual bonus has,, occasional- 
ly, amounted to 50 per cent of 
salary. Sums that large would 
make anyone sit up and take 
notice — and variability on that 
scale would provide enormous 
room for manoeuvre. 

Robert J. Sallow of the Institute 
of Comparative Culture reports 
seven occasions in 1974 (during 
the time of the oil shock) when 
companies paid the bonus but 
“invited" employees to lend a 
large* proportion back to the 
company! It is reported that none 
refused! That is real partnership, 
and that is the competition we and 
the Chancellor are facing. 

What of the reality, what of the 
British disease of fudging — just 
took at the advertisements on this 
and adjacent pages. If they are like 
those of the past few weeks with 
few exceptions they offer “com- 
petitive salaries" (keeping up with 
the Jones's), “salaries depending 
uporr experience and 
qualifications” (no reference to 
performance), a pleasant working 
environment, exciting challenges, 
attractive benefits, etc”. 

But no suggestions that remu- 
neration will be linked to results. 


And how does this square wih 
the . widely quoted belief uw 
British industry is moving swiftly 
to rewarding its executive stncuy 
according to performance or the 
Chancellor’s budget call for »wt“ 
ble results onenied 
compensation? 

The recruitment and remunera- 
tion teams in my compamy find 
that reality is different- Few 
executives share incentive 
schemes yet need the achievement 
of a target performance level; few 
organizations have yet related pay 
to individual performance. On the 
fiscal front we repeatedly encoun- 
ter corporate programmes that do 
not take taxation into accounL 

We have also found managers 
frustrated by the fudging of execu- 
tive pay and keen for a salary 
policy and structure that really 
contributes to growing their com- 
pany. They hum/ a chance to lead 
and dominate their competitors, 
an approach that helps them win. 
And this is not impossible. In the 
1980s we need corporate salary 
pot ides that contribute directly to 
the company's success rather than 
merely reflecting what others are 
doing. 

The potential competitive bene- 
fits to the company that is 


April 1 7, 1986 


arena red to care and show it cares 
?re P immerJse. and inevitably <.v 
Jertise and up-io-daic expertise at 
that, is needed. 

And a final word about commu- 
nications. The "-hole pomtotthe 
partnership between the compan.. 
and its employees is to enhano. 
motivation and commitment an u 
ihal means a special need tor 
improved communications. Ttmt 
is not wasted involving people, 
explaining to them the benefits 
and the opportunities available to 
them. How jew employes are 

made to feci fully 
|v cared for or wholeheartedly 
valued simply because no one has 
told them properly? 

Of course it can be complex, ot 
course the company's own needs 
must be met and of count 
managers may need some .help - 
but get it. use it and «akv 
advantage of it. A great measure ol 
the secret to success in the future 
will be clear and distinctive finan- 
cial reward' f or the top performers 
— she companies that stop fudging 
the issue will win* 

The author is chief executive ot 

Binder Hamhn Management 
■ 


- Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 - “ Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 - 



N 
PHIN 



LTD 


Recruitment Advertising 
Executive Search 
Management Selection 
International Recruitment 


178-202 Great Portland Street, 
London WIN 5TB.TeL 01-631 44 1L 
8 Mathew Street, Liverpool L2 6RE 
TeL 051-236 1724. 


Research 

Manager 

West London 

£20,000 


Our efiem is the central research laboratory 
j an international metals i 


point of moving to new purpose btnB prem ise s, 
the Institute is financed by the government; of 
the world s major producing countries. Hs job is 

lo research the properties or the metal its aBoys 
and chemical compounds, and to develop new 
applications. 

lraemal promotion and recent retirement 
require the appointment of a new 
Head ofResearch. Reporting to the 
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vetv substantial research profra mm e. 

Applicants should have a good degree and 



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For inf or mal discussion and bdoanation 

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ll Food 
technologist 


A broader role 
for an experienced 
professional 


Competitive salary + car 
Aylesford, Kent 


Safeway the worlds largest food retaffing 
$oup, with 126 stores throughout the UK have 
always set the standards far quality and 
hygiene in the refed industry 

As a result of a retirement, we are looking 
for a suitable replacement to work in our 
Q.C. team on dairy and non-food products. 
\buHbe concerned with maintelningthe 


Aged up to 50 you8 probably beasdence 
graduate or have a qramcatian in food 
technology and have at least 5 years’ relevanl 
experience wBh good communicating skffis- 
both verbal and written. 

\bur overall brief wBL extend across all 
Safeways interests. 

We oner ihe benefits associated with a large 


ovm- label products. 

This win be a rovira commission, often 
travelling throughout Europe and the UR to 
check on processes, premises and labelling to 
ensure their compliance with statutory 
regulations 

Reponing directly to the Quality Control and 
Hygiene Manager well expect you to operate 
independently and plan wnk schedules - 
working in dose co-ordination with our buying 
group. 


scheme.! _ _ , 

coves Please write in the first instance gving fixfl 
career details to Mrs. Barbara Hodge, 
Psrcaond Officer 
Safeway Food Stores Limited. 

Stoneborouidl House; Xing Street Maidstone, 
KentME156HW 

(S) SAFEWAY 


Technical Support Manager 


City 


To play a leading role in the City Revolution, 
skill, dedication and professionalism are 
fundamental qualities. 

However, to be instrumental in bringing 
about this change you need to be able to 
fine-tune the latest technologies. 

You will join an existing team of 
highest calibre professionals dedicated to 
the global implementation of real-time and 
distributed database, OA and telecom- 
munications systems, fora leading City 
institution. 


c.£25k Package 


Yours will be a role of key strategic 
importance to the planning, running and 
implementation of a new multiple VAX 
installation. 

If you have over four years experience 
within a VAX systems environment, this is 
an opportunity for you to become involved 
at the leading edge of the technical 
revolution within the City. 

To apply, please telephone or write in 
the strictest confidence to Brian Burgess or 
Marion Fry quoting Ref: 029. 



MRJ>JIT,CIM. 

Can you turn 

concepts into reality? 

If the answer is yes, we would like to meet you. 

At Coopers & Lybrand Associates, already the largest firm of financial 
and management consultants in the UK, the rapidly growing demand 
for our services means that we need more top calibre, experienced 
manufacturing professionals to join our manufacturing industry group. 

Our need is for consultants who have had practical experience in . 
implementing MRPQ, CAD/CAM or factory automation and in applying 
modem manufacturing philosophies such as Just in Time. You will be an -• 
individual who shares our recognition of such systems and concepts as vital 
took in the increasingly cpmpetitive manufacturing world and who has 
the foresight to understand the importance of developing towards CIM. 
The ability and determination to progress our already outstanding track 
record of managing rapid and successful change in the manufacturing 
environment is essential. 

"Vfour background may be as a materials manager, a production 
manager; engineer or controller, a factory manager, or in systems. Our key 
requirement is practical experience in managing the introduction of 
change. Our clients expect results in terms of reduced inventory, improved 
manufacturing efficiency, reduced lead times, better customer service and 
reduced costs. Our work is difficult Challenging. And definitely not 
routine. 

We offer rapid career development, exposure to a wide range 
of companies and a key role in one of the country’s most successful 
consultancies. 

A generous remuneration package will be offered to candidates with 
the right experience. Relocation should not usually be necessary as we 
have vacancies in London and most of our regional offices. 

If you feel ready to meet the challenge, are aged between 25 and 35 
and have an hnpressive academic and professional track record, send 
a full career resume, together with daytime telephone number to 
Ref.T03/7John Yeomans, Coopers & Lybrand Associates, Harman House, 

1 George Street, Uxbridge UB8 1QR. 

Coopers 

&Lybrand 

For business committed to growth. 


FINANCIAL CONSULTANCY 

A GROWTH AREA OF THE MOMENT 
AND OF THE FUTURE - DON’T MISS OUT! 

FPS | Management) Ltd is a leading firm of financial consultants and because of phenomenal expansion in 1 986 is 
looking for outstanding individuals to compliment its London based team of professionals. 

The right individuals (aged 23+ and based in London) will be energetic, and intelligent, highly motivated, 
hardworking and able to absorb new ideas quickly. 

Full training will be provided 

Remuneration expected to be in excess of £15,000, and lead to management in the first year. 

This is a superb opportunity to develop your own business and career path in a growing company and in an ex- 
citing industry. 

For further details phone the Recruitment Manager on 01-240 9058. 



ARE YOU DOING THE JOB YOU 
WANT TO... OR HAVE TO? 


Many of us are so involved with the jobs wsTe doing and 
the responsibilities we have that we seldom stop to wonder 
whether we are making full use of our potential. 

Vfe are wortung because we have to -we have 
mortgages to pay, families to support rates, gas. electricity 
and me fist goes on. These ate not so much excuses as 
foots of life. 

Another foct is that most of us have a nagging doubt 
that we could be doing better but we just don't know what 
to do about it 


Chusid Lander has changed all that 


We are a group of 



ZT^ ,mebeen * mne, °'' h *‘** 

London 

Shim MANa «snEH oet-aasdoas 

“ s® s: .as 

CHUSID LANDER 




Hl flH} 


M. 

n 

alitv; 


m 

iti 


gggsasasa 




Wc’igpro ltfrm a n lwri . i io t boxahiftcnand we know people 

m oar piHtensimice. Onr gnmth pnipwiuiie now 

calls foe an expansion of our Miles team. 

. is hKrfrfnj fcK’hlj^i calibre, 

P”>fe«atonaU «iMl win reward them acco rdfai sly . 

-AITON— — 

HEADOF SALES 

_ Aneye d mcedpro- krawledgeoftbeminicom- 

Sessio n al m an ag er , ideally ' . putaVintelligent terminal 
a gra du ate, is needed to marfcetsand be mature. 

lead oar Sales and Oiitfraiia* enesgetJcandccsnmittsdto 
Support team. He/she • main tain in g our posi tio n a? 

should have a thorough aleader in the field. 


AUON 

SALES SUPPORT SPECIALISTS 

We seek qu ali fi e d or computer systems 

Engin eer s w h o prefer to hardware, be Gonfident 

worfeintheSalesApplf- buttactfuland capable 

c at to i l s areas. They should of working unckir their 

have a ba ck g r ound in own initiative, often at 

communi c a tions, software o istoii w r! ^* 1 * 

ALTON & LONDON 

SALES EXECUTIVES 

C andidat es should have we can offer. We would ex- 


a Strang technical back- 
ground in computos or re- 
lated products and be able 
to match potential users* 
problems to the sohittans 


pect applicants to have had 
previous sales experience, 
be self motivated and 
capable of setting targets 
and achieving results. 


la die first Instance, write to Jenny Adams wtth brief career derails, car 
phone (0430) 87024. All appfleattara will be treated In confidence, 
l^mrood Scientific Devdoponents Limited, 

Pluk House. The Hl^iStreet. Alton. Hampshire GTZMlEN 



Thfeiwtrfl^ggwt-figrmiwalspgople 



ANGLIAN WATER AUTHORITY 

Anglian Water is a business providing water supply 
sewage treatment, land drainage, sea defences, and water 
based recreation, to an area stretching from the Humber 
to the Thames. More than 5,000 people are employed 
and tur no v er is around £300 million. HQ. .is in 
Huntingdon. 

• RESP Owamunr will be for ensuring the delivery of 
an acceptable service in a cost effective way; and for 
masterminding the successful development of die organi- 
sation through Privatisation. 

• tete requirement is for a record of successful 
large-scale g riT<*al management. There is a preference for 
experience of profit responsiMlity and involvement with 
wrtmieal services or products. 

• AGE 40 - early 5G&. Salary negotiable but unlikely 
to be less than £40,000. 

Write in complete c o n fi de n ce . 
to A, lo ngkud as adviser to the Authority 





fi PARTNERS- LIMITED-, 

10 HaDarn Street, London WIN 6DJ. Telephone: 0I-S80 2924 


Coencer Stuart, one of the leading exeomve search 
00 j n ^^ B J ra ridwide, is seeling a Senior Researcher 

*“ '“^fS^rcher need not necessaiHy comefam a 

• People With a research background 

with the financial services sector 
and who are fenuh * rmlirumta mnRt have a 


^ UIltteI ^nnd^hould alro have experience of 
meBt stn ^I l Si I) uterised files end retrieval systems. 
wot1 ^^ b SdKigUy motivated, and able to 

work alone - of an totenwrUmial 

Spencer S ^ ^ professional, stinmlatrog. 

^experience outlined, and 

Spencer Stuart, 


-'-r.vr 






iHSKii 






MU 7/hr 




Project Engineer 
Leading to Production 
Management 

c£12,500 Southern Hampshire 

Our cGi^ is a progress^ yet well esta blish ed, 
internaDon^company, brand leaders in the field ofbealth 
care. Based on theSouth Coast, (hey can offer a very 
rewanfing career to iberig^i candidai e. Being pari of a 
highly motivated engineering team, and with a workforce of 
7Cfy yon wiDaeed tohave the qualifications, confidence 



- -uducts there wul be every opportunity 

— . — potential. You will beworting on 
auction projects and investigating maintenance 
ies. new materials and machmeryTYou win be a 
25-38 and preferably have at least three years’ 


environment- An excellent benefits package will be 
to the successful candidate. 

Send faB cv to: Pauline Morgan, PER , 62-64 High Street, 
Southampton S09 2EG. 


Product Trainer 

Distributed Control Systems 

c£ 12,500 


1 1 r =*N i r (- » i Lj l— 7*71 ri c-h i Vv 


trainmgtbr customers and in-house engmeere alike, it will 
be your brief to develop and conduct trauungprogTammes 
relating to a major new system itmoduction. with a 


i », Ijjllil ♦ IJIj KAV* | • 


be your cotnmunicauon skills and abOi 
at information to a variety of profession 


own ideas and methods. Some software and process 
control experience would be a distinct advantage. 




aa ill 



Sales Representative 

c£10,000+1.6Lcar 

Pan of one of the fei^est steel stockholder groups in the UK 
and Eire, this company regime* an experienced candidate 
for sales of plates and sections, London, North of the 
Thames, Essex & Herts. A successful sales record, office or 
field based masted stockholding environment is essential. 
Detailed knowledge of the Essex area will bean advantage. 
Send Mlcv lire Nadine Wfrsbire, PER, 5 London Road, 
Maidstone, Kent ME 16 8HR. 





Sales Manager 

Defence Products 

c£i5„000+car 


c£ 15,000 + car South West 

Our client is a major European manufacturer of precision 
engineered polymer products. The company is on 
important supplier to the defence industry and j s fully 

improved to MOD DEF STAN 05-21. The business plan in 
the next five yeans forecasts significant crcwnh in defence 
products, much of which will relate to advanced material 
technologies which form the basis of the cnmpanv's 
success. Our client now- wishes to strengthen /ts .selling 
activities in this field bv appointing a Sales Manacer 
Defence Products. The cnosen candidate will be able to 
demonstrate a record of success in selling to the defence 
industry. He or she must ftdly understand MOD 
organisation and procedures and be familiar with 
principles of contract management and negotiation 
mdutfing those relating to funded research' and 
development. Co-ordmarj/ii.’ the activities of a small ream , 
and reporting to the Sales Director the person appointed 
win be fully responsible for defence product sales in the UK 
and overseas. Artracm e salary, prospects and relocation 
assistance where appropriate.' 

Send fill lev ten Peter McMahon. PER, Crosvenor House, 
Station Road, Qooc es t er GLl 1TA. 


Personnel Administrator 

To £15,000 + benefits SW London 

Mark Cline arm of a large and successful multinational 
group seeks Personnel'Admim.strator to assist the 
International Administration Manager in providing a 
personnel service to 1 1 5 staff, some of them based overseas. 
Responsibilities will include recruitment and selection, 
personnel administration, employ cc relations, salary 
reviews and training. Candidatesarc likely to be in their 
early thirties. Membership of the IPSJ advantageous, ability 
to operate a microcomputer essen nai. Salary up to £ 15,000 
depending on experience is enhanced with a generous 
bencfitspackage. 

Send full cr to: Charlotte Raffertv, PER, 319/327 Cbiswki 
High Road, London W4 4HH. 


Engineering Opportunities 

Our clients, international specialist desiea 'dcvrtopmcnt 
consultants to the audear, defence and chemical industries, 
have the fottowing vacancies. 

Instrumentation Control Engineer 

27- 40 and degree-qualified, to develop control/ 
instrumentation capabilities wnhin European nuclear 
process and related activities. Salary c£I 5,0(H) + benefits. 

Project Design/Engineers 

28- 40, dqpee/HND-qualificd. to supplement team 
activities in numerous projects, from customer liaison and 
estimation to design. Salary c£ 1 2.00(1 + benefits. 

Send fuH cv to: Susan Dornom, PER, 62-64 High Street, 
Southampton SQ92EG. 


Project Engineer 

To £12,000+ bonus + package C London 

Samson Ocean Systems Ltd, the market leader supplying 
specialised mooring systems to the marine and offshore 
industries, requires a qualified engineer with appropriate 
design drafting and project experience to join i is small 
Head Office team. Using your expertise in hydrodynamics, 
materials stress analysis and CAD/CAM techniques, you 
will be respoosi bie for designing specialised mooring, 
fendering and flotation systems. Sales and communication 
skills are also most important. ^ The company offers an 
attractive remuneration package and an 
excellent management importunity #r l ’V*\ 

fortihe successful candidate -At**- 

as it continues to expand- V V?jp>5 

Send lull cv to: Rknard Jordan. - . C ) 

PER, 4th Floor, Rex House, 77^ i 

4-12 Regent Street, (? / J 

LondonSWlY4PR 


Design Engineer 

Negotiable salary West Suffolk 

Market leaders in the manufacture of precision seed 
drilling equipment, and part of a major group, mv client is 

development Your brief vnJJ ir^IdlSl^^scis of ifie 
design process, from the conceptual stage thro ugh to full 
proauctioiLAeed up to 35 you will be qualified to degree/ 
HND level with experience of lifijil/'medium fabrication 
design and precision engineered products. The company 
offers a competitive negotiable salary together with a 
pension scheme. Relocation expenses paid where 


Send Euflcvto: Andrew Simmons. PER .IBlocfc A, 
Brooklands Avenue. Cambridge CBZ2HL. 


Office Manager 

£10,500+ negotiable + car Lougbton, Essex 

Balfour Beany Building Lid is a hikhlv successful 
contracting company within the BlCC pic group. Working 
within a strict budget you will run the complete office with 


responsibility for staff supervision, training, 
accommodation and machine maintenance, petty cash and 
general organisation. You will have a similar background, 
preferably in the bufldmg industry along with an assertive 
nature with good management arid communication skills. 
The salary of £10.500 is negotiable according to 


Production Manager 

Attractive salary Northumberland 

My client manufactures a wide range of high quality 
industrial electrical equipment for a variety of major 


industries. Situated in beautiful rural Northumberland 
recent considerable capital investment has assured a bright 
future for the company. Reporting to the Director/General 
Manager, the Production Manager will have responsibility 
for the productivity and overall efficiency of three 


control, plahnins. stock control and buying functions of 
these umts. Candidates, aeed 35-50. must oe educated to a 
minimum of HNC level. Experience of production 

management in a high volume assembly cnvironmcni is 

essential, preferably in a light electrical industry. 
Remuneration includes an attractive salary plus company 
benefits normally associated with a huge company and a 
eenerous rdocaaon Dackace. 


*1 PEJ? Newcastle on (0632) 618418 
trai and detailed job specification. 




ADMINISTRATOR 
PRODUCTION ASSISTANT 

Woodstock manufacture and ratal the bast quality 
idtehans and furniture m Britain, ws require a meticulous 
sid dedteated parson to join our busy management mam 
to be responsOift tor purchasing, stock control and 
assisting In scheduling. Soma technical knowledge of 
MOdwming essential. Excaflent salary and proepeett tor 
career advancement 

Hng 01-633 0404. 


JOB HUNTERS 


Sales Executive 

Middle East 

c£ 16,000 Central London based 

A successful and established leader in its field, the. . 
crtmpunv represents maji'vr manufacturers^ icleviaon and 
hroudcuMine equipment for ihe Middle East. Your mature 
altitude, confidence and self-motivation will be fully 
utilised in developing existing business, creating and 
identifying new opportunities and securing orders. Add 
vour experience of export ma rketing. posaWy in die 
Middle East in equivalent or similar pnuduci ranges and 
you u-iil ensures key role in the oompan v's expansion 
programme. London based, with considerable overseas 
travel ihepoation commands a very attractive salary, bonus 
and benefits package. ___ 

Send full cv, id the first instance, to: Richard Jonian, PER, 
4th Fluor. Rex House, 4-12 Regent Street, 

London SW 1 Y 4PP. 


Area Sales Manager 
Domestic Appliances 
£13,000+ NW England 

AEG have very exciting plans for the year ahead. If you 
have a hichly successful sales record within the industry or 
in fmeg and are- looking for new inis rests and challenges 
which will stretch you to the ciptimum, we can • »h'er yx*u 
high rewards lor success - providing vou cun meet our 
exacting demands. Applicants must five within an area with 
easy access to the Greater Manchester conurbation 
- aged 28-4<i. 

Please send full cv, indudinc present earnings, to: 

Liz McClure. Personnel Manager, 

AEG tl'Kl Ltd, 217 Bath Road. 

Slouch. Berks SH 4. AW ?t T" ^ jr"\ 

Tel: Slough 10753 1 872350. M uLf S w 


Opportunities for Buyers 

Approximately £11,000-£12,000 

International Generics are well known in the field of 
broadcasting and communications technology. 

Electronics Buyer 

Required for our broadcasting subsidiary in London. The 
company undertakes major projects on a turnkey basis. 
Responsibility will be for securing and ordering ' 
components and progressing orders lor large capital items. 

Construction Buyer 

Required for our Purchasing Division in Hove dealing with 
a range of materials for a variety of projects. Reponsioility 
will be i o source and negotiate a wide range of goods ana 
ensure coaect and timely delivery. Purchasing experience 
is essential. Both positions will deal with overseas markets. 
Send lull cv to: Mrs A Hendrie. International Generics 
Lid, 65/67 Western Road. Hove, East Sussex. 


Petrophysicist 

Excellent salary + benefits 


Aberdeen 


which the challenges and rewards can be great. As our 
Piper and Claymore fields mature and Scapa is brought on- 
stream, wc continue to search for new development 
opportunities. The demands for high calibre technical 
pe rsonnel remain as high as the day wc starred. This nc w 
position requires an experienced, grad uaie geologist/ 
geophy^cist '‘engineer to supervise and perform all types of 
petrophysical operations related to the development of 
Occidentals North Sea fields. Specifically you would 
undertake the fol lowing duties^ ‘supervise logging 
operations ‘perform all open hole and eased hole log 
e valuation and core analysis procedures ‘incorporate 
petrographic and stratigraphic information into log 
evaluations ‘correlate log response and evaluation results 
with reservoir performance and other engineering daia 
‘develop and present petrophysical field -tudies ‘"train and 
supervise other technical personnel in log interpretation. 
You should have a BSc in gcolouy. geophysics or 
engineering coupled with one-four years' experience of 
field operations with particular emphasis on wellsite data 
acquisition and log evaluation. In addiuon to a secure but 
challenging future, Oyy can offer you an atiracDve salary 
and fully comprehensive benefits package including 
pension scheme, life assurance, subsidised staff rcslau rant, 
ns and social club and generous relocation assistance. 



Food Processing 

Negotiable salary + car East Midlands 

A complex high volume modem processing plan 
producing a range of quality prepared kwos, both fresh and 
frozen. Padleyshasan envi able growth record and 
ambitious funire development plans. Pan of ihe senior 
management team, you will face a challengi ng and 
demanding task providing all engineering and maintenance 
services to a consistently high standard in this rapidly 
expanding operation. A qualified Engineeer, between 30 
and 45 years, you should nave spent several years in plant 


engineering management preferably in the chilled /frozen 
food industry. Experience of refrigeration and/or 
packaging would dc an asset and the ability to handle 
pressure Is essential. A competitive salary will reflect the 
importance of this position and benefits include car, 
pension, life assurance and relocation expenses. 

Please write, enclosing a cv or phone for application 
form UkHJ Sanders, Personnel Division Manager, 

G W Padlev (Poultry) Lid, Anwick, Sleaford, Lines. 

Tel (0526) 832661. 


Engineering Manager 

Electronics 

Vemitron design and manufacture a wide range of 
electronic ignition and coni rols. piezodeciric producis. 
transducers and mica capacitors. We are seeking an 
experienced Electronic*. Design Engineer, preferably a 
graduate, who will manage ana contribute to a small team 
of design engineers dedicated to achieving an expansion of 
our range oiclecironic ignitors and controls tor the sms 
indusm-. The appointment will carry a salary, including a 
company car. reflecting the experience and ability of the 
successful applicant, who will become involved in direct 
coniaci with our customers. 

Please anpJv to; Mrs JHuxfonkVemitroa Limited, 

Thom hill, Southampton S09 5QF. 


TRAVEL CONSULTANT 
TRAiUTNDERS 
£io,ooo + pa. After is Months 

If you are well travelled with an aptitude 
for selling or have previous travel agency 
experience and are looking for a fast mov- 
ing. challenging job in a very busy and 
progressive retail agency, then apply to us. 

Situated in Kensington with all licences. 
Traveicom and the most advance tecbnol- 
. ogy, we are market leaders. 

Written applications and C.Vs to: 

DIANE BRANDON, 
TRAJLFINDERS TRAVEL CENTRE, 
42-48 EARLS COURT ROAD, 
LONDON WS 6EJ. 


f “ VT v :w.‘* - X» \r»i • 




ARE YOU EAGER FOR SUCCESS? 


M I • 1 1 F:\vJ * ;l : H fiWi 


As a result of our continued growth we require several MANAGEMENT 
CONSULTANTS to maintain our development. 

Could you be one of them? 

You must be highly motivated with an appetite for achievement. Your 
successful track record will show that you are thoroughly experienced in 
the business to business area and capable of problem solving for small 
and medium stzed companies, be they financial, commercial or 
manufacturing. 

You will receive comprehensivetraining and the back-up necessary. A 
first-rate remuneration package commensurate with effort isottered. 

tf this is your sort of challenge and you are free for an IMMEDIATE 
START to join our expanding team, please send complete career details 
to Mark Quinary, Ref: T1 500, Independent Consulting and Management 
Company Ltd., Universal House, 55-58 Clarence Street, Kingston- upon- 
Thames. Surrey KTt 1 NP, 


& 


il 

MJ 

n. 



fSSS 






















THE TTMFS THURSDAY APRIL 17 1986 



HONOURS GRADUATES 

Seeing 

is believing 



Ji you Uxik directly at the grid, you will see a 
senes of grey dels between the squares. They 
don't evist. Your eyes are being deceived by an 
optical illusion. 

Dealing with things that are not always as 
thev seem on the surface is an everyday pari of 
the Tax Inspectors’ w ork. In assessing the fax 
liabilities of businesses of all types and sizes 
they must apply their powers of analysis and 
perception — sometimes intuition — in reaching 
a fair conclusion. All part of a distinctive career 
of exceptional challenge and variety, which 
of fers a structured and progress^? path for the 
ambitious. 

Through intensive training, you will develop 
the skills of a lawyer, advocate, accountant, 
investigator, negotiator and manager. Within a 
few months you can expect to be handling your 
own casework. After 3 years you will be 
managing a sizeable team of staff', and in due 
course, you should be running your men tax 
district. 

Qualifications: Under 36 and a First or 
Second class honours degree in any subject or 


an acceptable equivalent qualification. Final 
Year Students may apply. 

Starting salary (under review): according to 
qualifications and experience horn £6905 to 
££015 lor those aged under 2o and from £9565 
to £10.915 for those 26 and over. You should be 
earning at least £9045 after 2 years and, 3 years 
later, vou should be on a scale rising from 
£14.505 to £lb,3fcO. If you fulfil your promise, 
vou should later be on a scale rising to £22.925. 
Bevotid this there are opportunities for further 
promotion to the most senior grades in the Civil 
Service- SALARIES H1CHER IN LONDON 
(£1365. £765 or £545 according to location). 
Training can usually begin at an office in the 
area of your choice. 

To find out more and for an application harm 
write to Civil Service Commission. Alencon Link, 
Basingstoke. Hants RG21 1|B, or telephone 
Basingstoke (025b) 468551 (answering service 
operates outside office hours). 

Please quote ref: A/86/320/ B5. 

The Civil Service is an equal o p port u n i ty 
employer 




provident life 

association 


-ri_ 

1 County Council e die largest 

■ I 1^ employer in Gloucestershire with a 
total workforce in excess of 18000 and a 
gross annual expenditure m excess cri 
E2d5M The Council, which has a long 
established commitment tn the corporate 
style of management, is seeking a new 
Chief Executive. following fohn Millers 
retirement tn August from this highly 
demanding post. 

The Chief Executive leads the Chief 
Officer's Management Pam. advising the 
County Courted an general management 
policy matters and assumes overall 


responsbdity for the effective 
implementation of the Council s 
programmes. 

A proven record of success at senior 
management level within a large 
organisation (not necessarily a local 
Authority) and the ability to lead a mufti- 
doaphnary management team, s 
essential so that identified obiectivw are 
achieved. An appreciation ot the political 
environment is necessary together with 
the skills to manage effectively within n 
The appointment will be offered on the 
basis of an initial five year contract. 

The County Council offers relocation 
expenses to the highly aoraenve area cA 
the Country, together with an essential 
car user allowance. 

Further details and ap pli ca t io n forms are 
available from The County Personnel 
Officer, Quayside Wing, Shire HalL 
Gloucester, te lep h one . 0452 425051 . 
Closing date far receipt at applications : 
Wednesday. 7th May. f«W6 

Gloucestershire 
County Council 

HI EQWU. O PF PB J tflrmtS EMFiorgt 


Fund Manager 

(Fixed Interest) 


An established OK clearing bank seeks 
a suitable person to be responsible for 
managing the UK gilts. Eurobond and 
Institutional Pension Fund portfolios. 

The suitable candidate will ideally have 
knowledge of the Eurobond market. 
The position will involve working with a 
small team and has good long-term 
prospects. 

SALARY c.£20,000 + normal banking 
benefits. 

In the first instance, call Christine 
Hough on 01-481 3188 in complete 
confidence. 




CHAJ'TtWKUrSt •wxs'newuMimr 
F'jBOFt HfflJd W\WLUT*AI»a.MT» ll^IXX t> 1AA H1-4AI !\«i 



Mortgage Inspectors. 
Provident Life needs you. 

The pioneers of endowment mortgages urgently /y x 

need more inspectors to join their sales team in this area f 1 

The Qualifications ^ J . j 

Successful applicanfs will have some knowledge ( ^ / 

of the mortgage market and also the ability to develop A J 

mortgage business alongside our new portfolio of Myr 

savings and pension plans. /ijr. 1 

The Rewards 

Working with the 'Plus Factors’ we build into our /• 

policies, the rewards include a basic salary, 
commission, company car, bonuses and a preferential 
mortgage scheme. 

If thafs a challenge that appeals to you, dial 100 
and ask for Freephone Bishopsgate, or write to Alan 
Gearing for our sales career information pack. frijj i i.5 

Provident Life Association Limited, Provident Way, ;'j24 lv\ 

Basingstoke, Hampshire. RG21 2SZ. J** 

Tel No: 0256 470707. ,-Jl 

Jobs with a .£ factor 1 


BUSINESS 

EXECUTIVE 

For the Mayfair office of an expanding 
worldwide Company with interests which 
vary from publishing to retailing. We need 
an experienced executive preferably with a 
legal or accountancy background to take 
charge of specific divisions and or co-ordi- 
nate projects and day to day matters. An 
immediate start is envisaged and terms will 
be tailored to the individuaL Reply Ref CS 
- 01-409 0868. 


JOB SEARCH SUCCESS I 


No matter whether you are seeking another 
job or considering a new career, we can provide 
you with effective and professional help. 

Our service is tailor-made to your needs and 
rircumstances. With coverage of both, 
advertised and unadvertised vacancies, we aim 
for more success - in less time and ar less cost 

For a free, confidential discussion, senior 
executives are invited to contact us au 

4 Birmingham 021-643 2924 

/lifoffi fort/7 Nottingham 0602-1 14300 
/ VMfllTi MflT Ml M a t4rn bead 0628 73212 

f Executive Services Guddfoniowsoasss 

Ehrabrlh House. $2 Suffolk Hirer!, ffiminetom 


Business 
Careers in 
Shell 

Business Consultancy 
Start 



The size, scope and diversity of Shell's 
wadd wide business activities present a 
unique management challenge both now 
and in the future. The Business Consultancy 
Division of Shan International Petroleum 
Company provides an internal consultancy 
and problem solving savice to Management 
in Shell Intsnational and other Shell 
Companies. 

lb join this Division we are looking for 
exceptionally talented young man and 
women with the ability and drive to reach 
senior management levels in an international 
environment. 

Successful candidates will hold a good 
honours degree in a numerate discipline, be 
in their mid-20s/eaiiy 30s and have at least 
three years practical experience, either in 
Management Consultancy, Operational 
Research, Commerce car Industry. Evidence 
of entrepreneurial ability and commercial 


^ potatforacaminw e .» S ^f” 




diversificatKXL „ „ ^ 

Hie Division is based in Shell Centre. 
London and a limited amount of overseas 

be necessary In additim to avery 




and social facilities- 




Jann quoting reference numbs 22/86 to. 
Shell International Petroleum 
Company Limited. 

Recruitment Division (FNEL/231). 

Shell Centre, London SE1 7NA. 
Ttebone: 01-934 4626 or 01-934 6966. 


Head of 
Publications 

The C8fs pubfishtog activities have been developed 
sttostantiaUy in recent years as an integral part of its 
Pubfc Affaire activities — a high profile’ operation geared 
to putting across the business view effectively for CBJ 
members in industry and commerce 
Reporting directly to one of the CBPs Deputy Directors- 
General, this is a key appointment within the organisation. 
The essential framework is in place — we are looking tor 
a commerciany-minded professional to take over the reins. 
Experience of operating in a similar lobbying environment 
would be a distinct advantage — the abity to work 
creatively under pressure and to tight deadhes is taten 
as read. 

\bu wB be a working journalist with a TeeT for business 
matters, 30-45, with a thonxigh practical groundtog in afl 
aspects of publishing production — audiovisual as wefl 
as the printed word. \bur responsfcaty w21 be tor the 
continuing successful development of the CB1 imprint and 
the day-to-day management of the existing group of 
regular publications, including the fortnightJy members’ 
magazine CBI News, commercial titles on business topics 
and a range of policy and publicity material. 

The salary w# be negotiable, based on quafifications and 
experience. 


Please reply enclosing 
comprehensive CV and 
stating present salary to 
Personnel Department, 

Confederation of British 
Industry, Centre Point, 
103 New Oxford Street, 
London WC1A1DU. 


CBI 


SALES PROFESSION AIS 

Are you realising your full 
earning potential? 


OTE£17-25K+car 
OPPORTUNITIES NATIONWIDE 


In toe highly competitive business 
equipment market. Canon lead 
the way. 

Our Fax machines, electronic 
typewriters, word processors and 
comprehensive range of 
photocopiers (including our 
exciting new high volume copiers) 
dominate the market. 

We're aiming to capitalise on our 
powerful petition by recruiting 
more experienced sales people 
for ourselves, and our Canon 
Dealers, nationwide. 

All positions offer unprecedented 
sales opportunities which will 
appeal to true professionals who 
have considerable sales skills and 
an impressive record of success, 
not necessarily in the business 
equipment market 


'feu should be looking for 
on-taigct QBiningsofat least 
£17,000 - and with Canon you 
should achieve it and more- plus 
a company car and a full range of 
benefits. 

\bu should also be young 
enough, dynamic and ambitious 
enough to be looking for career 
development potential - and with 
Canon you could achieve that 
rapkfly 

if you want to join an organisation 
who recognise yourtrue sates 
abilities, and pay you well for 
them, contact us now! 

Please write, enclosing your kill 
CVto Richard Way, Regional 
Manager, Canon (UK) Limited, 
3HaJIRoad,MaylandsVltood 
Estate. Hemal Hempstead, Herts. 
HP27BR 


ail 


Canon 



Automation 



JOHN BROWN 


TECHNICAL DIRECTOR 

COVENTRY ASSEMBLY AUTOMATION 

John Brown Automation is one of the world’s leading companies in the 
field of assembly automation. We have a turnover at about £5m (of 
which 60% is export), a workforce of 140 and our order book is 
presently £l0m. 

The man part of our business is the production of specific machines or 
systems to customer order. Our technology involves the integration of 
mechancial, electrical and electronic engineering and our success is 
largely based on this imerdiscipUnary capability. 

We wish to appoint a new Technical Director who win have the energy, 
technical ability and leadership skills to ensure that we remain at the 
leading edge of new developments in automation technology. You will 
take fun responsibility lor all aspects of design with total staff reporting 
to you of over 30. You will represent toe company to aU technical matters 
both in the UK and abroad. 

We believe that candidates are likely to be to the age range 35 to 50 and 
will certainly have a formal engineering qualification to at least BSc 
standard. Obviously, experience of design in the assembly automation 
field is an absolute requirement Equally, knowledge of current electron- 
ic control devices and systems including PLCs and computing 
equipment is essential. 


The appointment offers a top decile salary with prestige company car 
and other benefits associated with a major company. Relocation 
expenses will be paid where appropriate. 


if this might be an appropriate career move for you, 
me, Derek Harbour. Managing Director. John Brown 


me, Derek Harbour. Managing Director, John Brown Automation either 
at our office (0203 473748) or at my home (0676 32299} today. I will be 
happy to discuss the details with you and to arrange a meeting if 
appropriate. 


ilease telephone 
utomation either 


OXFORD UNIVERSITY 

Director of University 
Development Office 

The Directorship of the Development Office 

• »■« n>Mt roflo/rtino thp 1 Imversitv S 1H* 


and develop a long-term strategy for the im- 
provement of its financial position. 

The brief calls for energy and diplomacy of a 
high order. It is desirable that candidates 
should have a record of substantial success m 
fund-rai sing , but careful consideration wul 
also be given to other candidates who can 
demonstrate relevant experience in educa- 
tion, commerce or industry, aptitude and 
enthusiam for the job, and a commitment to 
higher education. 

The salary of the post will be at Professional 
leveL 

Those interested should obtain further par- 
ticulars from the Deputy Registrar 
(Administration), University Offices, Wel- 
lington Square, Oxford, OX1 2JD. (Tel: 
0865-56747 ext 249), by whom applications 
should be received not later than 9th May 
1986. 


THINK 

POSITIVE! 

We did. Ann^uccenvjl filing made us Numoer One 
„• in instant Services 7C* Reiai’ 5 Outlets - ah over the- world. 

Now due to cur dynamic 'expansion we have 
■ outstanding opportunities for a limited number of- men and 


omen: so bec.cn 


SENIOR SALES E XECUTIV ES 

- .We are searching hr experienced 'professorial > in their 


coula ce •/erseo 


i a minimum ot 


late 201 fc Utt 

i dU'i.Vv 

•ho h 

av 

e the 

putt 

fttLif tc 

fast raeving m 

lilti'-naf 

tot-ai 

v..v 


ny. Yc 

jo shot 

in the hign pr; 

>fiie aro 

Jl Oi : 

IO 

iisum 

-2~ 

j rabies, 

.own car and t 

eie-phor 

^e. ar 

"0 

e>;p-c- 

d 10 

earn a 

£1 7000 D.c'-. p! 

us gei'c 

jC 

business exp 

>enses. 

I'uli trait' 

i inn bo 1 

Lh in 

h: 

jLise v 

:i";C i 

n the f 

niattor of cou r 

:-e. i f yo 

i . *“% .*■ 

ie\ 

/e in v 

'OUT < 

jvrn 


flair and can use and react "osirongbusi- 
ncss language telephone our Personnel 
Director on 01-627 4000 or write w:ih- 
a fuH CV to: KIs Services PJ.Kj Ltd.. 

!<is House, unit A. 1 Ponton Road. 
London SW8 5BA. 




I SALES EXECUTIVES! 


THE JOB 

To sefl a logjoi efficient, time savingand cost effective media service to 
Senior Manners and Directors of companies throughout ihe UK-Theftra 
few months wifl involve energetic telephone sales work but the 
opportunity to meet with diems andse8“&oeio face will become available 
sooa after your training period The job is based m London W3. 

THE APPLICANT 

S^es experience is SQI essential, but all appDcmts must have some 

commercial experience and be ajsed between 21- 35 years. Ifou must be 


where hisdi rewartls and career growth are available through daily efforts 

and success, not torough oead people's shoes an dbureauoacy. 

THE PACKAGE 

A basic salary of between £5.000 and £8,000 pa. dependent on 
experience, plus a very att/activecommission scheme giving on taiga 
earning of £15 000 in your first year and JU0JD00+ in yoursecond year 
( iUl business expenses are paid). 

offer you ihe chance uj join an ambitious and expanding ntirka leader, 
established for over fourteen years. 

TELEPHONE DAVID GODDARD ON 01-743 6321 NOW. 

Lansdowne 

Appo in t ments Begster 

Jobs for professkuttb: Profesaomls for jobs. 















jli&a— ... -iS i fi c*.V£ _=_;.i- ■ 









f • * f’ \ ■ 

■° s »l 

^ nivers* 

"t Offit, 


fra CREDIT & 
^COMMERCE LIFE 

^sooate of a sugar International Banking 
woop with assets of over £U billion 
and which operates in 70 countries. 

PROJECT MANAGERS 

.: to 

£ 2 l,ooo + Share Option Scheme 

These vacancies oflar m^jor opportunities to participate in the 
development of our new. life assurance systems. 

The ideal candidates will have proven design skills and dem- 
onstrate the ability to ocramnmicate effectively. A significant 
part of their work wfll bring them in contact with the deci- 
sion-makers of a fast-moving insurance company. 

We offer an excel l ent package, which includes major h»ru>fits 

To apply pleme write or telephone: 

B.T. Daryanani 
Assistant Director 
Management Services Division 
CRE DIT A CO MMERCE LIFE 
74 SHEPHERDS BUSH GREEN 
LONDON W12 SSD 
TEL: 01-740 7070 


The Personal Computer 
Recruitment Specialists 





^ SALES PROFESSIONALS 

IBM PERSONAL COMPUTER 

>• LONDON • SOUTH EAST * BIRMINGHAM 

- BRISTOL -MANCHESTER EAST ANGLIA 

^ The IBM PC Marketplace contmuestooffOTtheiiMwt exciting future 
for DP Sales Professionals. Onr clients, the cream of the PC IndiiBtiy, 
have opportunities far PROFESSIONAL SALES MEN & WOMEN 
who wish to build on their success in the industry. Ihe desire to 
develop a career within a rapidly expanding, dynamic, profitable, 
BBcmift h»t demanding rfmllBngiwgHm^MB y is par amount 

* Onrdieiits are the THue Chips’ of the PC Industry. If yon are a 
k „' ■ 'Blue Chip’ of the DP sales profession, these are some of the 
\ opportunities we can talk about: - 


BRANCH MANAGERS; 
MAJOR ACCOUNT SALES 
MEN & WOMEN 


SALES EXECUTIVES: . 


OTEto£4QK 

OTEto£30K 


OTEto£30K 



t)v 


= compcD^axx) decs NOT „ 

rfHTums sioo. ... \ 

Tf^mhraie anv Director or Consultant to discuss theappoinniient or, 
Tel: 01- 405 6852. ' 


THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 17 1986 


- ^APPLICATION CONSULTANCY ^. 

We're more interested in your 
APTITUDE than your BACKGROUND 



METIER 


If you have a background in 
engineering. OR, DP or indeed, any 
practical, numerate field, and you are 
keen to escape from a routine 
environment, you should consider 
joining Metier - the unquestioned 
market leaders in the world of project 
management information, systems. 
As an Application Consultant, you will 
be involved in management 
consultancy, systems implementation 
and sales presentations and will 
have the chance to travel extensively 
both within the UK and overseas. You 
will often be expected to meet tight 
deadlines and no two assignments 
will be the same. 

Self-motivated, presentable and 
highly articulate, you will need proven 


computing aptitude but a formal DP 
background is by no means essential. 
You may well have a degree in a 
scientific discipline, and a knowledge 
of European languages would be very 
useful. 

Depending on your experience, we 
can offer a starting salary of between 
EIOK and E16K. an attractive range of 
benefits, including a company car, and 
impressive opportunities for career 
progression. So. if you are looking for 
a greater challenge, send a full CV. 
stating current salary and where you 
saw this advertisement, to: 

Diane Wyatt, Consultancy Services, 
Metier Management Systems Limited, 
23 Clayton Road. Hayes, 

Middlesex UB3 1 AN. Tel: Ol -848 3400. 


Career opportunities open up as 
Sun Alliance Group moves into new era 


Now that the sunk 
here,your career 

prospects are 
brighter than ever 



II' UR \ 

J \ .. JusaRAKE y/ 


If you’re set on having f< 7 y 
a better-paid more sdm- V- /[ 

idating more challenging Y V ' ' -.Vrfl 
career; then recent events \ 

at the Sun Alliance Group are V--: .. ft • "jS 
certain to rank as the hottest ■ 

news youH read in todays paper: 

- What you might not be aware of is the 
fact that Sun ABj^ce has joined forces with 
Phoenix Assurance Group and Property Growth 


'■■■ r .vi-Mm t "T 1 1 y • io ■ i 


SUN ALLIANCE 
INVESTMENT 
7 ANDUFE r 
’ SERVICES \ 




■wsiwan 
PIMS . 


V ' ’ ^“7 If you're aged between 25 

\ \ ng j and 55 and believe you 

VsA / can make it in Britain's must 

iah ■ /'exciting business, please call 
\\ / dt write to us in complete 

c confidence for a Career Briefing 

. - ^ v 3ppotntrnenL But hurry. Now that the 
"“'■''news has leaked out you wont be the only 
one who wants to head for the Sun. 


financial organisations in Great Britain today. 

Sun Affiance Investment and Life Services, 
one of the Group's vital national sales teams, 
are offering excellent opportunities to people 
who’d like to succeed in the UK's fastest- 
growing and most dynamic industry. 

If you join us as one of our direct sales con- 
sultants. youH be trained to give people valuable 

advice on how our plans can help them. And C on tact Derek Forbes on 01-680 0606. 

youll benefit from a career which promises Or write to him at Sun Alliance Investment 

unlimited earnings potential, first rate promotion and Life Services, Leon House, High Street, 
prospects and lifelong security. Croydon CR9 1LU. 

Sun Alliance 

Investment & Life Services 
THE CAREER BUILDERS 

A member of ihe Sun Alfanre Group. 


K «■' 


RELTERSIMKIN 

KiuiTMENT * MAMACEMENI CONSULTANTS 


LARGE EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURER 
WITH £75 MILLION WORLDWIDE TURNOVER 

SEEK 

MANAGING DIRECTOR 
AND SALES DIRECTOR 

SALARIES: NEGOTIABLE 

PLEASE WRITE IN THE STRICTEST CONFIDENCE TO:- 

BOX NO F46, 

C/- THE TIMES, 

P O BOX 484, 

VIRGINA STREET, 

LONDON El. 

ENCLOSING FULL CURRICULUM VITAE. 



STANFORD’S 
international 
MAP CENTRE 

rSt'SSSSfe 

S-wsssaaeaa 

£ Stanfords. 12-M Ijp Londoa WC2. 

Ql 836 13Z1 


WHICH CAREER 
SUITS BEST? 

PretethHiNGiiMiiics and 
AnesmartforaBaSB*- 

1S« t»> Cw"» Cm*™ 
S^MytfcPnwnc. Oaap* 
3&44if* tamWOwn 
Fun debih m fw tmc nu fe.- 
• E4 CAREER ANALYSTS 

■ At Dl 


NEGOTIATOR 

For long established firm of chartered jutycy ors 
and estate agents in docklands office. Preferably 
young, energetic, pleasenl personality and 
inteifegent to join a young team . Experience not 
essential Please wrcwih CV to: 

N M Sheridan AR1CS, E A Shaw & Partners, 
216 Tower Bridge Road, London SE1. 


residential negotiator 

txpentneed rmdmtui terarw iwoooator mnM for South 
Umpn IcTOitfl enm. saury £6.000 pjl * rnm i n i nlnn Only 
WfWIW U id BOOMS DOCd OBBty. 


nm npy c v. »: 


HLT Entomfer 

367 wudiweitt RuM 
London W8 


TECHNICAL MANAGER 


Norwich Division 


Salary £27,591 


RJlooTnsthcprTimoQOTipr the previous posthekier. «ppik*ior»«iT inviLcd {dr Lhe 
a p peant m na of Technical Mm^ger to Norwich Drgidon. 

Morwieb Dtraun s w of flue dfvtstta within Angtan V6a*r and .responsible for the 
hjdnJtspesJ <3ele in an art* eu*«dwg 5.000 *jjan».wxli 1.374 tan. tfimniidCDlBL 
of so defences. The Division supplies aver 160m texts of wneradsy to a popuMkM erf 
nxi/WO The Divistofi inu 800 empitQMsandaioal wnal budpt of appranmudySAQa. 
Applicants trust pnnen nrconl of idevu cechaieal sod senior manager*! 

experience. Prafeasku] qiwlincBbans in BSUlaMe dtodpUse wffl be required. 

The Technical DeparUnen Is responshlelcr die rontnlKion and Imptenenutton oT the 
CRdui Oe«efc)(<nen Progrmnune and ail piui ning. BdeMtfk tad other technical serofeea. 
InaddNoa umaiwgtngthe Am ■cthmttsthelMiiucBl Manager is eleo ropmAie n the 
Genenl MNMger for the pravMon o( engmeern^ and sdemtlic advice u-ahin the DtvWon. 

Tl» successful apptacar* wfll be lequbed t<» efTeolsely eoaununknu with external 
oigHUsaim and the medtemewlite iwip of aanrtoes inducting engineering woeks, 
wmur quality end enslronittenpLUMiiax. 

The Conditkna of Service rf the Jwu NabonaJ Councfl for tAter Industry Qdtf and Senior 
Offtxn wUl apotfOORKherwidt the Antfwihtar car adtene-Bekicadonallamca are 
p^able in appropriate case#. 

Application forma and nutter details can be chained from the Qdef Manpower Advtaex, 
quoongirfemieeTMl.rMeiihoneHiuidnadtai (0480)86181 Ext-2277iatthead*m» 
below, to whom completed forms should be returned the 8th Mw. W86. 

ANGLIAN WATER 

Anbury Boed, Hunun^ton, Combo. HHSfiNZ. 


Anglian Water 


NEWS 

PRODUCER 

Radio Sheffield 


DlDBiS^ 

WsaraanoquN 

oppof h iniaeawnploy a r 


To Join the newsroom team working 
primarily on tha preparation and 
production of the stafforiR news output and 
curort affairs propammes. including 
newsreading, intanriewing and reportng. 

In ackttion, you may pioduoe feature 
programmes and late part in announcing 
dudes.Joumafisticexperi0noeat8Ub- 
editor or reporter tarefc good incrophone 
voice, current driwb^ ficence. wwnn t ial 

Salary £9,916 - £14,024 plus 
alowanceof £971 p.a. Relocation 
expenses considered. 

Contact us irnmedately far appfleation 
form (quote ref. 9570/T and enclose &a.e.) 
BBC Appotntments, London W1A 1 AA. 
TM. 01-927 5799. 


THE GENERAL TRADING COMPANY 
SLOANE SQUARE 

This prestigious department store requires an Office Manager to take 
responsiblity for the running of their new computer based point of sale 
and related accounts systems. This challenging position would suit some- 
one with experience in managing an integrated computer system 
(preferably IBM system 34) and who could use his/her accounting skills to 
meet monthly deadlines in an organised and professional manner. 
Areas of responsiblity will include sales ledger, purchase ledger, stock 
control and costing. 

Salary £14,000 pa plus benefits 
Please apply in writing to: 

Gary White 
. Financial Director 
The General trading Company 
144 Sloane Street 
London SW1X 9BL 



OPPORTUNITY 

An exciting 
career is open to 
individuals (22+) 
who are single 
minded and 
interested in their 
own future. This 
is an opportunity 
to earn over 
£20,000 p.a. and 
earn shares in a 
nationwide 
group. 

Please can 
Mr PkricersgiB 
01-4398431 


We ait a company wen known throughout Europe, 
the U5A and Canada fix our young, high quality 
ladies fashion. 

We are currently seeking a 

SALES REPRESENTATIVE 
(TRAVELLING AGENT) 

who, after an initial trainin' period of one month at 
our offices in Germany, wrD supervtsevarca sales in 
England. 

The applicant should show an aptitude fix Sales - 


Applicants should therefore possess a University 
decree or a similar qualification and should be fluent 
in both written and spoken German. Age limit: 35 


A Change of Career 

A firm commitment to do- 
v$op your career. That's 
what ABed Dunhar & cur- 
rently offering to men end 
women who are equally 
committed to success. 

Last year alone we spent 
over £3 mason on training 
programmes for our 
sates Associates (25-55) 
and many of went went 
on to reap the rewards. 
For 91 interview or future 
details can Peter Rich- 
ards on 01-637 72 00 
London and home 
countries. 


OOD-IOS MAH nawnd for our 
British -rur Mach mw in Cora- 
to Horn May to July sound 
kncwlroor Of dhjenWnq. «4M- 
trin «tt! g*n*m niauumanro 
*M«itud. Agr 2 2 30 . Pmm 
Pnonr Tah Owwnum rt)l i 
veft ssoo w wnw wHn C V in 
Button Uom Tla\rt Limited. 
Sb se PuinQ' H i^i wr««. Lon- 
don Wifi IGF. 


WANTED FUST CLASS PER. 
SON. To manage fashion ana 
sdccmox shoe mope In Govern 

Comm. Sake tuff aim rw- 

otitrett Experience enmnai. 

Ol 002 3066 


We are offering s high salary plus commission. 
expenses and a company car. 

Please apply in writing to Mr Webhofer, enclosing a 
photograph. 

bernd bereer - junge mode gmbb - wehrstrane 24, 
52o2 bennef 1. telex 88949 L 


GENERAL MANAGER 

Required by The Ctty Business Machines Group to 
wort ctosafy wtfft the Chairman in organising and ef- 
fectively running the 

COMMON ADMINISTRATIVE UNTT 
Applicants must demonstrate Management experi- 
ence In sales ledger, purchase ledger, stock control, 
man management and budgetary control 
Age 35+, Excellent financial package ottered plus car. 
For further Information contact 
Mr Keith Austin, 

Personnel Department. 

15>16 Alfred Place 
London WC1 
Tet 01-631 0208 


Career Crisis? 


Hju may be h the wrong ph ftaw unfufftHed amtttkms or haw 
been mad? redundant. Our unique action-oriented. indiwduaBy 
tatored programme tor Beiwr executives wH ensure that 
you attain your career objectives quickly 
lb arrange a free.conMential discussion tetephcineB»43MN8 

EHecutiue Action 

37 Queen Ann* S*re«. London Wt M PFB1cte« 295603 




S.D 






- 

wblte 

- 

tWSfi 

•- 

l - '» 

. i 












32 


Ti-TF TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 17 19_86_ 


GENERAL APPOINTMENTS 


l 


■ 4 * 



Are you earning £20,000 — £ 1 00,000 p.a. and seeking a 
new job? 

Connaught has probably helped more executives to find 
new appointments through its successful executive 
marketing programme than any other organisation. 
Contact us for a free confidential fee assessment meeting. 
If you are currently abroad, ask for our Expat Executive 
Services. 


32Savfle Row, 
London, W1 



01-7343879 
(24 hours) 


(The Executive Job Search Professionals] 


YEMEN ARAB Republic 
(North Yemen) 


Interface is the organisation special 
ising in the confidential promotion of 
Senior Executives. 

InterExec clients do not need to fino 

vacancies or apply for appointments. 
InterExed qualified specialist stafi 

and access to over 100 unadvertised 
vacancies per week, enable new appoint- 
ments at senior levels to be achieved 
i^idly,effectively andaajfidentialiy. 




NdrS Yemen. Ww Wrtf or erf- ^ ttw miMdra. tete 

Geotow and Emdnrtring. aratoou M 




AU PAS - 
OVERSEAS 
APPOINTMENT 

Warm loving young 
i lady who wants to 
, become part of family. 

I Care for 4 year cad and 
1 l year okL Light 
1 housekeeping. Non- 
I smoner. To start this 
| Summer. Drivers 
licenses a Mis. Own 
room. 

Send details In first 
instance to BOX A82 . 


hSW? *» .«««»»« at tetrmto 


JORGENSON ASSOCIATES MC. 

621 SEVENTEENTH STREET 

SUITE IMS 

DENVER CO 80293 
g«L»6ww 
TELEX 262902 


tag am IW* «am £» 8 Q 


we i tM imM e> wrt m an 
actum ur* dewioement of 
luxury flats. Varied war*. 40 
flour wrek. awme a nta ana* 
have UK drtvtag licence. Can 
SaMy Coflma now 01 -737 S9M 
or aaoly in writtne to 77 P e tnre 
Court. London W2 «Jt 
CVa for srofcedonaM «a> p ro ft o 
atonath cv Ptua. 90 London 
Roan. Samwiy. wn. 0723 
21598. 


C ORBY DISTRICT 1 
OUNCIL 


require an 

assistant director of industry 

£12,513 - £13,662 

The dosure of the Btfcish Steel Cotporation tat and 
Steel Worts in 1S80 mwiafeteiy lead us to estab- 
fefc an WusirM development centre to promote 
Coitif as an attractive location tor industry and 
commerce. Six years on Corby can proudfe tost 
the creation of mm than 7.000 new jobs in some 
300 6ms which have come to the area. 

The need for industrial development is sMI impor- 1 
tart and fotorng the Assistant Directors 
promotion to Oirecior. we are now urgently seekmq 
» cquafty m npe te n t replacement to m ert mdustn- 
ahsts and provide them wdh relevant information 
and assistance rgsndutQ industnal development in 
Corby. Duties nrf include advice on commercial 
space and industrial land and negotiating with di- 
nts prior to referring prospective developers to the 
ap pro prate aitiiorfly or agency. 

We are looking for successful prawns experience 
to a senior level in comnwrrial/industnal dwatop- 

ment and turing- 

The appointment is for a period of 5 yean with an 
Essential User Car Allowance applying. 

Relocation expenses are avaSahle in appropriate 
cases. 

Interested applicants wishing to discuss the posi- 
tion should telephone the Director til Musty Ray 
Jackson on Corby (0536) 62571 or for nether 
details and an a pph eato farm apply to the Man- 
Sennas Section. Civic Centre, George 
QB 

Corby (056) 202551 ext a 
Closing dtoe 2nd Nay 1986. 


CC AGRICULTURAL POLICY 

The NFtJ has a vacancy in »» Headquarters' Cqnnnodity Policy 
Coordmuoa Division fix a pewrm m asset «n me enatmaad 
development of sancultura! policy. partkolarty that anne* from 
the operanoa of the CAP in ibe UK. Applications are mvded 
from u e ratno pood aadtone qualifications. a wood 
knowV^Tw European afBurx, in partmbr of Ibe CAP. xnd 
some npeneoce of deatin* wti eeotioinic and pointed 
problems. An abdity » draft d»rty and cnaasdy udt SDod 
knowledge of Fteocti are essential. The xwxeaful candidate. who 
u Cikeiy io be in fits/her lair twenties, should be «riflia*. ala later 
to be m i ii w wi far a mar of dory in (be NFtJ office m 
Broads. 

Salary wiB be according tQ 30 e red c a pcricac c Derailed 
applications sftoaid be node in writing Me- 

Odccnr af Staff Refatioas, 

The National Fannen' Union, 

Asxshntc Home, 


SW1X 7NL 


A CHANGE OF DIRECTION 


If vom carnet iaraadcad end and yon aeeenwiderino.«*»y 
of dntetion dm cooM be the c w por t a nfl y you are tootang fa. 

Opporew M maaisttoradfaawBad page 

ness aaunea to train for a career maun the haancM jemces 

mriirar y. 

Eidirag opportunities Kir personal sneoera'and career devefap- 
mcsi are halted with cs c tUwrt training and tbc prospect of a vay 
high income. 

Without oMtgtion. find ««* 4boa oar dmxoon. 

Pfeuw piNM KwRb Pm * oa 01-734 5660 


ALLIED 


THE FTNANOAl MANAGEMENT OBCX.IP 


London ® 01-930 5041$ 

19 during Cross Road, VC2. 

Birmingham ® 021-632 5648 

TtieRaaaab, Nc* Street 

Bristol 1 ® 0272 277315 

. 30 Baidwin Street 

B djnVm rgh ® 031-226 5680 

47 a George Street 

Leeds *2t 0532 450243 

12 StPanfs Street 

Manchester ® 061-236 8409 

Fadkaa Horae, Fb&sct Street 


Tbemewbo stands out., 


PlAWitNG DffARTMBfT 

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 
OFFICER 

Satoy erode P0 (M) E12J&CU.K5 

TTOCTyCouncflEpartictfgilycancani BdtesWa aairaw^ 

imaamart. mcourage rod ad nr eNaoWmM ofnor and 
cxeroPtrorpmspacclytlwunanvilie rolnaaqror.Forlli Mi^ 
nrposra On Cnsd hs escrowed m Econxnc Oraekfmrt (Ml 

mmnihaOmwbnmt or rtemng«f 

ApwsonSsousto® hradthsirtnWi jadburoeraamanenee. 
ennpraneural Utos ana who nd shmi a canvrranart ti the tot 
HeaBteitaftaxaoasnsssras ■ 'economic OHtlctmn'' 
tackgraund and nam » «bW B hnpaa and tosartbacopparata 

■ajassstancecd to groups tiwMfl hi Bie bar «aanr 

chi? EXBcimvE officers department 

RESEARCH AND . 
DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANT 

Chief Executive's Office 
Stoary Grade Pfl t«) £11 JB**XiJ5n 
The Staicestei Qty Cound g taokmg tor j murrawaa d pcan 
rrth a degrea or pratessore# quatabon. «ta is bow nu naafta ra 

arocutt to as^ n dansmg SM daiWDping n»r kta ai rdtoni B> 

toe prowaixrol local gwwnram sevfcas itohrn tie Qty. 
lie Coonei w aarontli consdwing a numbar of new kvaeNeln 
reboot to uott® Is sancas mora pirtdy xamhOUe and morn 
consiNMirtnRtt. 

Examples toduda p ato wnmee review; (taarteWIn of offloes am 

sanrees; promwp of sanrees to maa the naateand 

aspaatuns ol etnoc irenortw. ttoe up Nwvtorei benefits, 
oeretooresn to stnaapes tor toisure and racraDon. toasts are! 
lawn: retoofloo O the CounaJ's mam pfflca sarest orefl 
anrehnuses m Boncas nr Dt^; enxfoynereaM ifln: |uofc 
pa rt tg aw ana araXmneN In daJsaw wateig. 

The suceassW candotoa wfl Oe rNaSyor todhaaty in a 

nmtv of Oiwb anas, and toa rank vto he tnto wwffive an) 
B Otoig. .... 


KENNET DISTRICT COUNCIL 
CLERK AND CHIEF EXECUTIVE 
(£21,999 - £24,207) 

Arising from the forthcoming retirement of 
the present postholder, applications are 
invited from managers holding and admin- 
istrative or legal qualification for this key 
post which combines departmental re- 
sponsibilities with an overall management 
role. The person appointed will probably 
have substantial senior management ex- 
perience in local government 

Further details are available from Mrs 
Mary Diccox on Devizes 4911, ext 222 or 
by written request to the Clerk and Chief 
Executive, Browfort, Bath Road, Devizes, 
Wilts. SN10 2AT. 

Closing date for receipt of applications: 
noon on 9th May 1986. 


WAITS, BLAKE, 
HEARNE A CO. P.L.C. 

REQUIRE AN ACCOUNTANT 
AT THEIR HEAD OFFICE IN 
NEWTON ABBOT, DEVON 

Tiie suitable applicant will be Qualified 
(ACA/ACMA) preferably under SO years old with 
practical experience In computerised management 
accounting systems. He wta assist wltfi me Imple- 
mentation and control of a fully integrated 
financial /costing system (Deluding Hie fesue of reg- 
uHr Management information. 

The C o m pa ny offers the usual emptoyment bene- 
fits (including relocation expenses where 
ap p ro pri ate) and an attractive salary. 

Please reply with fun career details bx- 

D.A. Norman. F.C.A.. 

Watts. Blake. Bearne & Co. Pi-C.. 
Park House. 

Courtenay Park. 

Newton Abbot. Devon. 


SECRETARIAL 

ASSISTANT 

required in busy Wl firm of Accountants to handle 
various statutory ntanm. Would «ii a student 
member of the Institute of Chartered Secretaries and 
Administrators. Typing experience preferable. 
Salary by negotiation. Part-time person considered. 

In the fira send a full CV toe 

Mr SA WHdxnan FCA, Goodman J ones* 
29/30 Fhzroy Square, London W1P 5HH 


Tefaptara: Qoncastor 31271 art. 47 . 

Ctostog date: 9th May, 1986. 

imtos apitea&ns Irom n«i ato iwnton from to SBcttroan 

enreremtr. reg s ri as N roanol solus, mow. race, naftratoi, 
mjoi. SBwSonsrttoon, tora unen a*rt)r. p total scWfy , or 
9*403 b na physcri requranwiB of Bn past — aattenart. 



architect/planners 

Ui»Bdy far a daBerowR 
cuhural/eduratiooal pro»ea « SCTicir 

Arrfu voj Pturam men tove RIBA or BA wob 7+ or MA wok 
S or more jean eap r ricn c e . 

PLANNER/ARCfffTCCT 
Mod have RIBA or BA with 5+ or MA oiili 3 or sore jean 
eipcrieKB. 

JUNIOR ARCHITEC17PLANN ERS 

Mwi have BA wiib 3+ or MA with l or more years expaieace. 

Must be prepared igjte 1 * ii rnnrfu ^ y forctoa B y S to 6 
monihs m Riyadh. Ctmuumaa m Alfaens or Germany. 

PtMM created Ktes W Steto, 27 Btotow WrtM. Maxtor. 
01-499 9291. 


EUROPEAN SALES 
EXECUTIVE 

£25,000 + Bonus + Travel 

Our deni a major U.S. finencs* pubfcstion needs a 
professional person experienced m a bnancsl sector lo 
teke over rBSpORsMity tor a major sales territory. Cover- 
ing Scandmsvra. Hotiand and the U.K. s tohng a dvertising 
space to presbgraus, top name financial institutions, this 
opportunity offers a unique challenge to an anictiate. 
seft-nx) treated person. You need a degree. 5 years com- 
mercial experience and fluency in French or German. 
Age 27-3& Based in central London. Please mgr 

434 4512 

Crone Corkill 

Raerotanem Consultant 
99 Regent Street W 1 


GRADUATE OPPORTUNITIES 

A leading international bank invites appli- 
cations from university graduates for their 
training scheme which will commence lat- 
er this year. Excellent opportunities exist 
to develop a career in the Corporate and 
Merchant banking departments. Prefer- 
ence wHi be given to candidates who hold 
or expect to obtain a degree in Econom- 
ics, Business Administration. Science 
subjects or languages. 

Pbutse apply to BOX A93. 


C/- The Times, P O Box 484, Virgina Street, 
London EL 


FINANCIAL D1HECT0R/C0NSULTANT 

For S6M+ Ptoject/Syndkate concerning medical and 
veterinary research on historic estate incL private 
suid/stables etc highest credentials, imagination etc 
understanding of tax laws/shdten. marketing/seUing. 
and P.R. or who to contact Fees large and rewarding 
etc Da yVHours/- Yours. Reply to BOX F50. 


WEST END 

2 people reqsired far major 
U K. Finandxl serrices co*&- 
prnv. The 4W l i c anu should 
be 25+ . bones, imefligem. of 
snan appearance and be pre- 
pared to udeigo vigo rou s 
training- hading to profcs- 
sanl ipafaficanoas after 2-3 
yean. 

C&B Ohm Moss 
01-493 1035 


indufBy m Franc*. Baity. 
UK Vou are a *ec» sue 


r. 

Information Technology 
and the "Big Bang" 


and consultancy Oemfrefor 

London based, arc to be filled imm 


Basic 


e S^^^^*^^<i« tbCTbl « com P aDybem 


The new Centre wfflsp ^jhea d our 

and wffi therefore be staffed by experienced 
backgrtHinds. 

«Motrol 

over all dematiS of the marketing 

programme. You will have demonstrable 
experience in mariceting/bumocss 
management to the Financial industry be a 

sood stiategc thinker and hijptly success 
orientated At least 10 years experience is 
required of the rote played by computers m 
*Crtv* appKcations and the technological 
implications oi ‘Big Bang’ will be thoroughly 
appreciated. 

business managers, insurance & QTY 

MARKETS (Two positions): Insurance applies 
mainly to Life but includes a thoro ujfe 
understanding of the Lloyds underwriting 
and brokerage businesses. Cfty jjfarta tewffl 
include dealing moots, commodities. 


and would use our Cfienftvast raarteting 

resources to establish and manage the 

achievement of business objectives wtUun 

their specific business areas. 


become recognised as the Company^ 
spokesperson on your business areas. A 
blend of knowledge of Information 
Technology and your market area is 
oqpwfrtbil afll&gtpafeaceingalesor 
marfcefing management 

ACCOUNT IttVELC»T«OT MANAGER The 


oeox Rnandal Services. 
wiB beexceBent 


and a gaieral appreciation erf the needs « 
t he emerging financiai “coogkHuerates*. 

Bompo^kHtsrecpite strong 
marigpring and strategic planning quanties 


vritheustotnos. You must be abtetohe^J 
influence prospects hi devetoping tbezr 
strateac pfans to enpk4t new technology in 
information Processing and also mflucix» 
the Company in its product development 
and marketing strategy 

Crooddtfes roar Ohom these 
positions with oar i Bob Bower 

today (Snidttrt op 0 i-g» 4754 b gweeg 

y> .« «ui 9 njB. nr at Hattons daring 

bnsiBCM boors. GU most ateo be sent at 
gpdddy— possible. 


HUTTON EXEOrtlYE SELECTION DDL 
31 MLACCSTRBEt 
LOMK 3 NSWTE 5 HVR 

WHO—iOmO m ifKHOWBl 


Huttorl 

SPK3AUST RECRUnMDJT CONSUUANTS ^ 




ereWthe 


RUWMEL fNTEraviATlONAL - part Of a US-based 

multinational corporation ~ te one of the leading colour 

cosmetics corrpanies in Hie UK, and pfens to becone number 
one in this fast-moving market 

To assist our dramatic growth in profitability; as we# as 

market share, W3 wish to augment oiff" young and highly 

professfonal Financial Services team with the recruitment on 

Trainee Finance Managers 

Our financial and information systems are inextricably 
linked, with exciting developments in aH areas of the business. 

If you’re looking for in-depth involvement in an expanding 
business you should be talking to us. 

We can assist with relocation cosls to our Ashford 
Operations Centre which is within commuting cfctance of oir 

West End HQ and pleasantly tocated in the taarden County* 

ofKent 

Our aim is to developthe Finance Managers of 

tomorrow, if yotrie a graduate and/or part-quafified accountant 
who’sgot what it takesto be part of our success, contact 


DerekE Jenkin, financial Director, 
Rimmel International, 

17 Cavendish Square, 

London W1 M 0HE Tel: 01 -637 1621 



The Sauter name is synonymous^ with reliability and exceUeace In the design, supply and maintenance 
of control systems as applied in the HVAC industry. 

To complement our Sate* Team, we now need to appoint additional 

SYSTEM SALES PROFESSIONALS 

Environmental Controls & Building Man ageme nt Systems 

LOUDON N WEST 

These positions need to be filled by candidates whose expertise and drive matches oar Company's 
requirements for achieving sales targets to Building Services Consultants, Contractors, Pnbhc Au- 
thorities and End Users tor both the North West and London areas. 


tborities and End Users for both the North West and London areas. 

A comprehensive knowledge of electronic control systems and/or air concBtkming systems, as wefl as 
previous proven experience and success in selling, are the most important attributes of tire successful 
applicants, who are fikeiy to be qualified to HNQHND leveL 

Career development is excellent and is dictated by the successful applicants' motivation and the 
Company's needs. 

The benefits package Includes a generous salary pluseommissioa, a prestige company car. BUPA, free 
Life Assurance; Pension Scheme and 24 days holidays. 

Please write with fuO details to:- 
The Personnel Officer 
Sauter Automation Limited 
165 Bath Road 
SLOUGH 
Berks SL1 1AA 


Sales IS Marketing 


rtenA trow ana anpervwe 
ct 5.000 mt annom mu» com- 


A SALES OPPORTUNITY 
TO EARN £25,000+ p^. 

Combs Poblicstioas would like to talk to 
positive communicators capable of working cm a range 
of prestige publications fitm oar Govern Garden office. 

Gad David Conway er Baa Cracfcar an 
01-240 ISIS 


DIA RV OF TH 1 IIM ES 

CLASSIFIED 


Over HnSfeidtiw * 
roost affluent people in the ' 
c ount r y read the classified 
cdniBis of The Times. The 
foflowing categroies appear 
regularly every week, and 
me generally a cco mpan ied 
by relevant editorial articles. 

Use the coupon (right), 
trod find oat bow easy, fast 
and economical it is to adver- 
tise m Tbe Times Classified. 


MONDAY EtineXiM B Univer- WEDNESDAY LaCmnedela 

s>cy Apporntments, Prep- A Public Crane: Seoeiariai/Ift appointments 
School Appointments. Educational uw £7^00. General seaetanaL 
Courses .Scholarships & Fellowships. Property: Residential, Commercial. 
La Crewe de la Crane: Town & Country. Overseas. Rentals. 

TUESDAY CoepUtr Htritrac 

a compr eh ensive guide to the THURSDAY General Appdet- 

computer market Betas: Chief Executives,Managing 

Legal AgpeMaetfc Solicitors, Directors. Directors. Sales and 

Commercial Lawyeft. lxgal MaikctdigEaecuincsandOveiseas 

Off terra. Private & Public practice- Appointments. Including a new 

Lead La Creme: a new classifies- c las si f icat i o n entitled Ffairid a mt 
lion for top legal secretaries. ‘Act rrawteir y^pa ifBtet . 

ns: WORLD FAMOUS PTSSOMAL COLUMN APPEARS EVERY BAY. 
ANNOUNCEMENTS CAN APPEAR WITHIN M HOURS. 


FRIDAY Motors: A compieic car 
buyers' guide featuring established 
dealers and private sales. 
hfans to BwiKg: 

Selling property, franchises, 
equipment etc. u small and large 
companies or businesses. 

SATURDAY Oroscos find: 
Holidays abroad. Low cost flights. 
Cruises. Car hnt UAL Ttevet 
Hotels, Cottages. Holiday fete. 


Pea Ftieadsa new classification for 
young resderctocontad people wiih 
amtointerestsaihotneandoveeseas. 


Fill in tiie coupon and attadi iuo your advertisemeM. Prior to it appearing, 
we *rifl contact you with a quotation and confirm the date of Insertion. 

Rates are Lineage SA per line (min. 3 lines). Boxed Display £23 per angle 
column centimetre. Court and Social £6 per line. All rates + 15*^ VAT 

BAY NO POSTAGE. Scad be The lhats, Sfaokg M a gda . Group 
CtaM Admllstaat Mrea g cr, lines Ne wp ep m lid. Adiatfaeaeat Depart- 
waa. Pa BratdB*. VimWaSttecl. Uadea El 9DD. 

name ^ 

ADDRESS . ... 


. DATE OF INSERTION 

ihMKtfc*idnefarpoiiig|ialpamqi 

r 17 f E 1 .1 J.. U El 


ACCESSOR VISA A/C No. 




















■!■*'■■■ '4 V J vi^r> ‘-‘.-ir .<-• ? - . . -■ 




THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 17 1986 


33 


Sj^s A firni step 



A guide to career 
development 



■yj 




*6 




' ,j - «3. 



* • . 


i ;S Al^ 


S • 


A Irrde while ago ah elderly gentleman 
told me. that the most wretched day he 
hadspentln his life was the day he first 
started Work. He recounted in detail the 
traumatic- shock he received as a lad of 
i4 being suddenly thrust into an . adult 
world, Hfcstory was long, hut his fastings 
came across loud and dear — he was 
mentally jand -physically unprepared for 
the transition fibm school to work." 
uHevKasis&cuaOungabOutthe 1920s. 
re those days it wascommon practice for 
working class' Pupils at 14 to leave the 
relatively protected nine to four environ- 
ment of a school one day, and start the 
seven in the morning to seven in the 
evening adult world the next For pupils 
in those imenlighlened days there was a 
distinct dichotomy- between school and 
work. School was^he three R’s, and work 
was where yoli Went when you were 

fourteen. - 

There were no careers officers- to give 
counselling or advice and probably no 
one to provide a modicum of informa- 
tion about opportunities available. . 
limited though they may have been 
People tended to fbllow.in their Other’s 
footsteps. The upper classes and the rich 
a geared to have a direct line to college, 
tne City or the armed forces. The poor 
and working classes ended up as fodder 
for the coal mines,' manufacturing indus- 
tries, shopkeeping or went full circle to 
enter ‘service’ to the rich. ’ 

Thankfully today, society displays a 
little more concern and thought for all 
levels of voting school leavers. The 
majority of schools at secondary level 
have at least one staff member responsi- 
ble for advice on careers; Throughput the 
fifth and sixth form years, when pupils 
are considering .whether they will: leave 
school for work, or move on into further 
or higher education, careers opportune, 
lies are. presented in a serious way to 

_Job opportunities are now 
“presented in a serious way . 



Ill 

Few areiully prepared 


for the transition 


between school and 
work. Brian Turk looks 


at schemes designed to 
make this move easier 


i > 


■j : 


- i 


stimulate enthusiasm. And hopefully, to 
clarify the way towards a prospective 
career. 

However, no amount of talking, 
showing or explaining can be a substitute' 
for actual experience. A pupil may writ 
imagine that he. or she would like a 
particular job, ' but the experience may 
prove that the image in the pupiTs mind 
may not hold up when confronted with 
the real thing. , 

A fairly new concept in the process of 
easing pupils from school into college or. 
work, are die composite . courses which 
incorporate- experience of all. three prior 
to the pupil finally leaving the security of 
the school situation. 

In Fulham. London, five schools have 
joined together, at. sixth form level to 
create the ‘Fulham Schools Sixth Form 
Consortium.’ Within pan of the consor- 
tium, pupils (or students as they perhaps 
ought to be called at this level) follow an 
umbrella course instigated by the Busi- 
ness and Technical Education Council — 
their particular examination course be- 
ing known as the BTEC General Award. 


Following this course students have 
(per week) three days at two of The 
Consortium schools — Lady Margaret 
School. Parson's Green and Fulham 
. Cross School. Munster Road — one day 
at Hammersmith and West London 
College • and one day out on work 
experience. The course is designed for 
students who are motivated towards the 
commercial world, but who have under- 
achieved in the years below the sixth 
form level (for whatever reasons), and 
are not yet quite ready, able, willing or 
experienced enough to make a worth- 
while contribution to the world of work. 

BTEC courses are vocationally orient- 
ed and are designed to give students 
confidence. They are also designed to 
show the workings of offices and office 
administration. Through this and the 
year’s work experience, the aim is to ease 
the student in the transition from school- 
co liege environment into the world of 
work. 

Work experience for the students on 
the BTEC Consortium course takes 
place on one day per week and lasts for 
the complete academic year. Arrange- 
ments for the placement of students has 
to be made at the very beginning of the 
academic year. Firms are approached as 
to whether they are-prepared to accept a 
student- for one day per week for one 
year. 

The Consortium indemnifies the firm 
and provides staff to visit the students on 
a regular rotational basis. The visits are 
to ensure the student is working well and 
is. happy with the firm. And conversely, 
that the firm is satisfied, with the work 
and the conduct of the student It is usual 
for the firm' to provide one person to 
supervise the student, who will ensure a 
continuum of work and training be 
maintained. The student's labours for 
the one day per week is. given entirely 
free — the firms pay nothing for services 
rendered. 

In the years I have arranged and 
visited BTEC students on work experi- 
ence, I have found that a very friendly re- 
lationship develops between the 
supervisor in the firm and the work 
experience student. I have always found 
firms to be kind, considerate ana helpful 
and that supervisors will spend much of 
their own valuable time explaining office 
procedures, and the -position of the 
student within the organization. 

The experience and the nature of the 
work on offer varies considerably with 
the size and the nature of the organiza- 
tion concerned. As the Consortium is 
Fulham based, the firms used are in a 


direction 


geographical area from Hammersmith in 
the north to Putney in the south. 

Large organizations such as George 
Wimpey, Honeywell. Sir William 
' Ha [crow and North Thames Gas, can 
provide extensive open plan office 
situations with experience in filing, 
typing, photostating, answering the tele- 
phone and often ‘hands on' experience of 
the use of the organization's computer 
network or word processors. Smaller 
organizations such as Ellis Copp, Anley 
Melville or Market Travel provide 
excellent basic office training, with the 
added bonus of office reception and 
direct exposure to the general public. 

More complex organizations like the 
Training and Development Centre of 
Hammersmith Town Hail and its com- 
puter offshoot at Vencourt House, can 
offer a range of activities. Students may 
be given the opportunity to be with more 
than one department during the year, so 
gaining varied r »oerience but retaining 
the continuity ot die one organization. 

In ibis day and age when unemploy- 
ment is running at over 3.3-miUion, 
young people of all abilities are hard 
pushed to find a suitable job. Advertise- 
ments for even the most mundane jobs 
often require experience and any job 
with good salary and prospects produces 
the inevitable flood of applications. 

Without help, the under-achieving 
Sixth Former is at an immediate 
disadvantage in this initial race. The 
BTEC course with its varied approach is 
designed to give as much help as possible 
in these early stages. Tuition in how to 
write coherent to-ihe-poim letters, fill in 
application, forms, construct sensible 
CVs and practice on the correct conduct 
at interviews, are all woven into (he 


Experience can be gained 
- before leaving school 


fabric of the course. 

At the end of the year, the work 
•experience student writes a report on 
their work experience — usually illustrat- 
ed with photographs — detailing what 
they have done and what they feel they 
have achieved during the year. Once 
marked, it is returned to the student for 
demonstration to any potential future 
employer, at interview, the type of work 
the student has already experienced. 

BTEC courses are by no means 
perfect. They have been in the develoi>- 
mem stages themselves since their 
introduction in 2979. They do. however, 
show a certain insight into the needs of a 
proportion of the student population in 
that seemingly forgotten area of the non- 
academic sixth form. 

Work is after all a major part of most 
people's-lives. Surely it is not too much 
lo ask of society that any person, at any 
level should have a job and be in the 
righi job and enjoying it Not be the 
proverbial square peg in a round hole. 





Needs Yxi. 


As manufacturing professionals within a major management 
consultancy practice we contribute to the further development of Industry 
in the UK - are you ready and prepared to join us? 

In Price Waterhouse our emphasis is on developing practical, workable 
solutions that can be reaefily assimilated as wen as generate worthwhile and 
lasting benefits for our efients. 

- Our specialist manufacturing group provides advisory services to clients 
in the areas of: 

• Manufacturing strategy 

• Selection and installation of FMS, Robotics and CADCAM 

• AMT feasibility studies 

• Quality improvement programme 

• Development and implementation of manufacturing monitoring and 
control systems Including MRP and MRP If 

Due to continued growth, we now need to recruit additional 

manufacturing consultants to join our London based team. 

\bu should match the following requirements: 

4 Late 20’s- late 30‘s 

• Degree and/or professional qualification in engineering or 
manufacturing disciplines 

• Proven experience in at least one of the areas outlined above 

• Analytical as well as practical approach to problem solving 

• Wbntto be part of a dedicated team serving manufacturing industry 

Wfe offer a challenging environment worthwhile career prospects and a 
competitive remuneration package including a negotiable salary up to 
£30K. plus car at Senior Consultant level and above. 

fbrapersonal discussion telephone JohnTruman (01-407 8989 ext 2895) 
or send in confidence full career and personal details quoting reference 
MC$/8053,to Peter Humphrey 

price Waterhouse, Managsment Consultants, Souffiwajk'fcwera, 

32 LomtonBrfige Street, LcmcfonSElSSY 

Price Waterhouse 


BUSINESS SERVICES 


nuuo bmwwwii Ca- 
st. Cuckoo Htil.Dme- 
PHlIlW. 

MHKK. HAS 3PJ. 
o k 86 39. 

BfliUww. uno mopffw w 
■ wik a omo vtn * 
fimmea. 




"London proper^ 


actoh. s bmroantpa «a- wy 

catgrM. CCM- DM* 
£64.960. 992 6T3S MSQ> 


^ 131 

CHELSEA t 
KENSINGTON 

HANTS- DORSET, & 
IO.W. 


rsst .ss.sffwf- 

DORSET/ WILTS- FbT It* dte- 
emuna wmer i** - 
Dunqtocw. Esmlent DnMKs. 
£KMX» TM: 07476 2856 

PROPERTY TO LET 
LONDON 

mens 

hir-ty lumonro *51 
ml Entrance ȣ"- 

rrcro d roo«. « roc, P;. 2 

■i.rfurft runy fitted -II- 

UNwWC. B-C-h- It-W- RooTl ^ 

Sre.V rteiuH 

only. £265 P-W 01 -6®* 

balearks 

north of THE. 
THAMES 

FMMCMTTKA- BOUT 9om 
HP, Mag wa iirwi SJB 4 
Brorn IS Mint. £150 - LIBS 
PW. Tel Ol 229 1642. 



CHAPMANSLADE 

Westimry 3 mltos (Pad- 
dington 80 minutest 
Bain 16 miles. Modem 4 
bedroomad executive 
house - 2 bathrooms, 
double garage. % 
private mature garden- 

£$7,850 

0373 83529 


APPOINTMENTS 


GommPInt 





Sponsored by COMPUTER NEWS 

18-19 April 1986 Novotel, Hammersmith, London 

1275 vacancies 

for DP professionals 


Vacancies at all skill levels. 

\focancies in all salary ranges. 

Discuss vacancies face to face 
with the DP professionals 
responsible for recruitment. 


Opening horns 

Friday 18 April 1986 
1100-2000 

Saturday 19 April 1986 
1100-1800 


Organised by INTRO UK Limited. 
Russell House. Russell Street, 
Windsor Berkshire SL4 1HQ. 
Telephone 0753 858811. 


Exhibitors include 


EBB TELECOM ^ 

Bank 


The 



National 


Westminster 
Bank PLC 




[Bis! 




REDIFFUSION 

Simulation 

British Gas^ 



southern electricity 

Dixons HPatasohie prudential 

TOTAL OIL MARINE p.l.e. IV tcrx . Iv 

A INmUNK 

-Arthur 

ANDE0>EN Citibank Savings© 


TRUST ADMINISTRATOR 
SOUTHAMPTON 

We are a large firm of Solicitors in the 
centre of Southampton. We are looking 
for a suitable oualifed person to admin- 
ister a variety of Trusts for which we 
are responsible. 

Experience in this type of work is neces- 
sary including handling investments 
and tax. Salary will be negotiable. 

Please apply In writing to: 

Mr /. Fergie-Woods , Paris Smith & 
Randall, Lansdawne House, Castle Lane, 
Southampton, S09 4FD. 




INCORPORATED SOCIETY OF VALUERS 
& AUCTIONEERS SW1 

EXTERNAL AFFAIRS AND 
CONFERENCE OFFICER 

Appflcatkm are invited tor this senior appointment The 
successful candidate wffi be required to make a major 
contribution to the work of the Society in regard to pubic 
relations- and conference activities wttwt presented 
budget emits. 

The position requires someone able to prepare Press 
releases and hands Press enquries, plan and co-ordinate 
conferences and arrange promotion a l campaigns and 
organise the printing and marketing of the society’s 
publications. Creative writing ska and proven initiative wC 
be required and knowledge of the property Industry is 
desirable. 

Salary uai—aniiirate with 
Written 

ISVA.3 



. hi b b wM — % so The 
Gate, SWI.notteterthnlat Kay 1 


The explosion ol activity in the retail sector has created many 
opportunities for soundy based marketing people to bring 
their skills to bear 

Our cient has such an opportunity and n addition offers a 
professional environment of continuous growth based on an 
already very suocessfa and profitable business. 

The company dself is a prominent High Street name 
deploying prodgous funds both above and below the fine. 
The development programme this year wil widen 
dramalcaJy the established customer base and require 
adtitonal marketing resources. 

A new Marketing Manager has been recruited to head-up the 
department end the requirement is for an addtional Manager 
to be responstte tor a major element of the marketing 
activity. 

The 'ideal' person is someone oi graduate caSxe who has 
spent at least lour years ii? consumer marketing. Because of 
the substantial expenditure they must have had responsMity 
for meqor above the [ne activity. 

The style ol the company is analytical combined with a strong 
emphasis on teamwork and the corporate plan embodies 
demanang growth targets. 

In add ton to a competitive salary and fufly expensed 
Company Car. tee a^ointmert carries the usual Company 
benefits and outstanding career development prospects. 

To apply, please cortect COUN RNN on 01-439 9241 , 

• or write to him at 

CLASStCAE MANAGEMENT, Liberty House, 

222 Regent Street, London W1R5DE. 


Classicae 


AUSTRALIAN 

MUTUAL 

PROVIDENT 

SOCIETY 

Exttdtiatod l$49 
laarpontcd to NSW. 
M— tev tU bOtt 

137th ANNUAL 
MEETING 


Nocks it hereby RtWO Uw the 
HUNDRE 


AND 


ONE HUNDRED 
THIRTY-SEVENTH 
! ANNUAL MEETING of (he 
nenten of the Soriety «Sl be 
bdd to the Society - * Head 
Office Btcfctejg. Srdnty Cove. 
at IU» o-co. on Wednodiy 
28tb May. IWA. for (be purpose 
ot 

Receiving and CBa a d u to g 
the accMmo. the toknee 
■beet end the trpoeo of toe 
Board and the .Auitoon ter 
the veer ended 3lct 
Decanter. 19S5. 

2. Ejecting Asdun to Ken of 

R.W. Tamer. BJac. F-C.A. 

and BJL Simpson. F.CA- 
A.C.LS, who retire to fenm 
oTBf-law SSandaiectogiMe 
far leefcotoo. 

1 T mnar n u t any other 
btsmen ibn may be 
bronchi before the meeliog 
in accordance with ihr 
Society** By-tows. 

Head Office Sydney Cove. 

New $o»th Wain. Mil. RYAN. 
170 April, tm Seewwy 

. i £j 

er/lMf 


MANwrarra umtv 

SUBANCE COLLECTING 

SOCIETY 

nwfarw 

B e ow c rcd OHW Odd EeBows 
House. «o Founcam Street- Man- 

Ll w fcM i M2 2AB- 

The Annual General Maytag w>d 
he mm m tne matoenNa) su*. 

Bomemoutti toiemaaoiial Okk 

tre. BounutMUU)- Mcomy me 

5Ui Kay 1986 at SJO Mil 

AGENDA 
MJrvules 01 U» Annual General 

Meed ng IPOfi: Report of ft* GOBI- 

notice and Balance SUM and 

Auction Report 1986: Appoint- 

ment or me AArtwawr* 
Appointment of m* Tnnieei: To 
consMier and V ihougW m ap- 
prove 'Amendments to IM 
rooming ftufaK Rule >3 Genera) 
Meeting to vary the daw of Uie 
Annual General Meeting and 
Bute 11 Mnagagemeni Fund to 
amend to meet present letoslalton 
comet a( these Amendments o f 
Rules may be obtained oy any 
Member upon JPPftro uon la (hr 
Society's Reqstrred Otliw 
THE ANNUAL GENERAL 
MEETING of the OOYfiRNOftS of 

Bie RO YAL NATIONAL LIFE 

BOAT INSTITUTION wHl beheld 

In DM OUCEN EL IZA BE TH 
HAUL, adjacent to me ROYAL 

FESTIVAL HAUL. South Bank. 

London, at n .»«m oe TUES- 

DAY. iSth MAY 1986. The Duke 
of Ainofl. Chairman of me tnattu- 

tton. will be to Ihr Chair One of 

the Berne of nmniur to be cocam - 

ered win to to approve a new 

corporate Seat for the Mutuum 

The Duke of Alfiall wfii also rttaH-j 

thr Presentation of Award* in the 

mam auddonun or the Royal 

rniivai Kao oi 3.00 pm, w*w 

mtiafc for paBaony and ocher 

■warm win oe mane » HRH the 

Duke of Kent. President of the 

RNL1. 


MOTOR INDUSTRY 

Fleet, leasing and con tract 
Mre consultants. 

Location - London and 
home counties. 

Salary - us 10 C1&000 + 


V you have exoertenee in 
fleet leasing or contract 
mre or mdusmai sales 
why not send us your CV 
today or telephone Mr. 
Leon Levy On 01-900 
0S21 al ApUn PhUHmore 
Associates. Cirde House 
North. 69-7t Wenuttey 
Hill Road. Wembley HA9 
8BL. 


CVt • BfTERVBEW SKILLS Jot, 
Search Plus Srfsires 
Bendiamsied (044Z7) 72209 

CVS professionally wrllm 
Choice ot style. Visa. Access. 
Tel PMS on 02406 3567. 


FINANCIAL AND 
ACCOUNTANCY 


BOOK NIZPn* reqtorcd for WI i 

DeMon Croup Should be able to 
alw account* k> mat balance 
«Uqe. RfworallJle lor monthly 
reconoUanan*. PAYE wrrj 
turn* **c Bane rompirtrr *kdb 
oselul. Good salary for right 
person. Please contact Senate 
or Sue on OI 221 2248. 


omOtMTCS ZRPS/ac arr^ao. 

Tram as Chartered Accoun- 

tants with the London oinee ot 
a progressive national firth. 

PM study and excellent train- 

ing to high lechmrai standardv 
A good arhedrnhe record •* r*- 

MDIMI Ring harm Finjui at 

Harmon A Wttu* on 01-629 
4465. »Agyi. 


BANKING & ACCOUNTANCY 


FINANCIAL CONTROLLER 

This well established, fast growing recruitment consultancy 
requires a financial controller. The successful applicant will 
be directly responsible to the directors and will be required 
to> 

1. Develop an Integrated PC Accounts Package. 

2. Implement Management Control Systems. 

3. . Prepare Monthly Management Accounts, Budgets and 
Forecasts. 

4. Prepare Financial Accounts. 

The positions offers excellent prospects for advancement 
and a competitive package will be offered. May suit a newly 
qualified accountant or time barred finalist. 

Please reply in own handwriting with full C.V. to:- 

J.S. Rose, F.C.A., 

Gerald Edelman & Co., 

Chartered Accountants, 

25 Hailey Street, 

London, WIN 2BR. 



Begin at the end of the Rainbow 

Young Accountants 

£15-25,000 + car + benefits 


Your future matters to us. Wfe an obtain for 
you (be highest possible salary -with unrivalled 
career prospects in some of the most 
prestigious companies in (he UK where the 
only limit to your success is your own ability. 

Our clients indude leading merchant hanks 
and Blue Chip Companies in financial services, 
pharmaceuticals, health-care, the computer 
industry and ocher commercial seaorsai many 
locations in London, the Home Counties and 
the South East. 

They seek qualified accountants for positions 
that offer accelerated career and salary 
progression in areas that include:- corporate 
finance, financial control and management. 


financial analysis, corporate planning, 
financial and management accounting, 
management information and systems 
development and international audit. 

Remuneration packages are extremely 
attractive and can include a company car. 
subsidised mortgage, bonus, profit sharing and 
share options, pension. BUPAand a full 
relocation package (if appropriate). 

If you arc a ncwly/recentlv qualified 
accountant. Dr with further experience aged 
23-32. considering the best career move 
available please send your career and current 
salary details to BARRY C SKATES or 
telephone him for an informal discussion. 


MKA SEARCH INTERNATIONAL LIMITED 

Berkshire House 

Queen Street 

Maidenhead SL6 INF 

Telephone: 0628 75956 







f. 



till 

in, 

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art 

ihe 

ser 

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mr* 

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THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 17 1986 




Nationwide Appointments 

Openings for P.E. I* Finalists, Newly Qualified and 
Recently Qualified Chartered Accountants in London, 
Home Counties, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, E. Anglia, 
Leeds, Manchester, Newcastle, Nottingham, Sheffield, 


Southampton and Scotland. 

A special search can be made in the area of your choice, 
without charge or obligation. 


Plan your future as you help plan ours 
to £13,500 West Middlesex 

This is an ideal opportunity for a young graduate with 
well-developed analytical skills and a knowledge of 
computers to establish a career with a fast-growing 
multinational organisation. 

Dun & Bradstreet is the world's leading supplier of 
business information services. From a database covering 
three million businesses, the European Business 
information Centre generates information products used by 
Dun & Bradstreet customers throughout Europe and the US. 
The Flanning Analyst will compile and maintain data used 
to support strategic plans for the continuing development 
of the Centre into the 1990s. This data will cover sales 
projections, work load processed at the Centre and 
resources employed on development projects. 

The successful candidate is likely to be working in a 
financial or planning environment and will have a basic 
understanding of data processing techniques as well as 
good oral and written communication skills. Frequent use 
will be made of personal computers. Commitment and 
dedication will be key requirements. 

The starting salary is negotiable depending on experience 
and is accompanied by a range of staff benefits. 

Please write with full cv to Maureen Kemp. 

Dun & Bradstreet European Business Information 
Centre BV. Harefield Place. The Drive, ickenham, 
Middlesex UB1U 8AQ. or telephone her for an application 
form on Uxbridge (0895 ) 58200. 

Dun & Bradstreet 

European Business information Centre 

SASB a company of 

MMuSd Dun & Bnkfcaicd International 




Overseas Appointments 

Confident July finalists, Newly 
Recently Qualified A.C.A's should apply NOW, for 
relocation in 1986. 

We are currently recruiting for 

Africa, Australasia, Caiuufo, Caribbean, Europe, 
Hong Kong, Middle East, S. America and U.S.A. 


, ill, ill! 

JhiWfia 










. ;j. . - * 






- . . . r ... , - . ^ 









r\uring the 1980’s the management consultancy business providing reasoned, practical solutions often comply 

U has become an increasingly competitive market place, assignments emanating from every aspect of business ine. 

At Ibuche Ross, we firmly believe our growth achievements In this type of constantly changing environment yquwiii ne 

over the past few years to have been significant, even able to gain a much broader base of business experience 

impressive. than would have been possible from a pure line role- . 

The figures above may speak volumes about our recent An excellent training programme allied to a .weaitn or 
past, but perhaps even more for our future, and for the future knowledge available from more experienced colleagues will 
of people joining the company in 1986, when an even higher help ensure your short and long-term success. Exceptional 

percentage growth increase seems ffkefy. Clearly opportunity men and women are progressing to partnership in J-**- years 

is the key word of our proposition. Opportunity for constant and thrive in our open, informal structure which is gearea to 

intellectual challenge. Opportunity for personal achievement strategic self direction. _ _ • 

And opportunity for rapid career development Salary wilj not present a -barrier. A company 

This upward trend, linked to our commitment ATfcwJha Rncc car is a,so provided, tf you wish to consider 
for excellence, creates a continuous require- ” JOUCne flltea joining us in London, Manchester or Glasgow, 
ment for top-calibre people with a good Management Consultants please writeor telephone in absolute confidence, 

first degree and appropriate professional — - : — t-* to: Michael Hurton, (Ref 2654), Touche Ross 

qualification, particularly in Accountancy or Economics. & Co., Hill House, 1 Little New Street, London EC4A 3TR. 

The nature of our work is essentially problem solving; Tel: 01-353 8011. 


, - r-r 

tf 


Train in Recruitment §§ 

£.£10.000 g 

Ur ni-vri a fSTwhciu- with ;it least a years full rime »«>rii ««prr*iin\ |||' 

a^Mij 2 kin. (> i train in mtiiitnwnt. Spivraitsis m Aevounlanry jgf|l 

rerruUment wii h 3 stuff, w can i ifli-r IUU iniininii imliulinj' f« imutl 
seminars ami rapid « ippnriunitfrs for • ■uminjss and mbvit Bre 

ailvniK-emeni. ALsi . m »me opening fi »r cxpviHwit. talented ||| 

ci insuluuil.-' available, earning. H» + «ir. w|| 

To discuss rail DAMP FEACHELL. PkiM-lnr H 

International Opportunities I 

Package £20.000 + m 

< hw ( iVERSEAS DI\TSli >N has current vacancies within knifing firms Hj 

of Chartered Aeii mnuints in New Zealand. Australia. Middle East . ||| 

Bermuda. South Africa. Kenya and the Far East. Y« *u shoukl I ie 1® 

qualified ;md haw trained with a medium sized i »r large firm • >f ra§ 

a« c» HinUinls Fi ir l m K-hures and ink wmativv careers aihicc. o intact B| 
CAW ’L-1ARD1NE. ||| 

Specialise in Taxation B 

London EC4 if 

£13.®jo-£15.ooo + ATti package m 

The Tax Division of one of die most prestigious International firms**! W 

< ’hartered Am mutants seek At AAC( ’.A'.s < or c* mlWffll referrals/ fi >r gjj 

training in faxat i< »n. They < ilfcr a wli Ic variety « »f e» >rporato and H| 

pena nud uocati> >n. Full training fi ir ATIl and early opp« *rtunitios fi > r 
cnnsulwncy and f;LV planning inwrlvement. Cult ELIZABETH BAJJBER Bi 
fi >r m< tre infi imuixi' in an< 1 a frxs* fin tchtuv. 


75 GRAYS INN ROAD. LONDON. WC1X 8US 01-242 6321 


f-sAn. ; .V3KL-. ■■wf . ’.-rv -- 


GENERAL 


LANO/RANCE ROVER PmaMI 

(ort lu Irvr wl^, toMalitl 
D* A nwun 061 224 

Zr^OS 


MERCEDES 

MERCEDES MOT EtUlf. Ivory. 
'.Mi many (xltaj, beamirul 
condition Btrowtoovt. cumrrt 
warraniy and mvnr ruviory 

JCMlAOl c Movo rorc«s 
U> 950 ono Tel lOBdQt 
81 6434 or 01-624 71610 


TEMPTING TIMES 


DCOM MOMMY In our croatKv 
bookings eg Media. Current 
Ail airs. Pubmiung. Me. WV. 
S H. Audio and copy all need 
ed now Cos enL Carden Bureau 
IlO necl SC. EC 4 SS 3 7696 . ] 


MAJOR U.S. BANK 
GLOBAL SECURITIES CUSTODY 

Manufacturers Hanover Trust is one of America's leading banks 
wilh a nelwork of offices worfdwide. We offer outstandng opportunities 
for intefligent, enthusiastic people with the wS to succeed n the 
competitive world of International Banking. 

Current expansion has created vacancies at all levels in our 
Sobal Securities Custody Processing Operations based in the City and 
Stratford. E.15 (adjacent Central Line Station). 

We are seeking personnel for the following positions:- 

• Securities Settiements-UK. and Foreign. 

• Eurobond Settlements. 

• Eurocurrency Certificate of Deposit Secondary Market 
Settlements. 

• Rights and New Issues-UK. and Foreign. 

• DivicteTXl/InterBSI Crtlection and OfstrSyution. 

• Operations Support (Fee Capture, General Payments, 

Invoice Processing, etc.) 

• Reconciliations (Nostro and Portfolio Accounts with . ] 

Correspondent Banks). 9 

Applicants for higher grade positions wflJ require 2-3 years • 
relevant experience, preferably gained within the Securities/Registrais 
Departments of Major Intemational/Ctearing Banks or Stockbrokers. 
Although not essential, experience of automated processing systems 
'would be an advantage. 

Junior positions are open lo applicants with a minimum of2years 
, General Bankkig/Slockbroking experience. 

We ctffer attfactive city rate salaries based on ability and 
experience together with a first class benefits package in fine with our 
status. 

Applicants should telephone for an appfication form orsendafuU 
C. V. including current remuneration to: 


RssonntiUatager, 

Manu fa ct u rer s H a nover frust Company, 
t, Gerry Raffles Square, Stratford, London, EI51XG 
Tefept^nuntf)er01-S53399exteRSfon2152. 



GENERAL 

APPOINTMENTS 

EVERY THURSDAY 

CHIEF EXECUTIVES ffl MANAGING DIRECTORS 
01 DIRECTORS B SALES & MARKETING EXECUTIVES 
E OVERSEAS APPOINTMENTS 
S3 FINANCIAL & ACCOUNTANCY 
A wide range of management appointments appears 
every Thursday. 

THURSDAY 
MAKE SURE YOU GET 
YOUR COPY OF 


THE 


TIMES 


SITUATIONS WANTED 


SOCIAL SECRETARY 

30 year old PA. Smart 
appearance, good 
presentation. Jim hack 
from USA requires 
unusual challenging 
appointment. Willing to 
travel. 

Phone OJ 883 3438. 


mmoll W*nlr«J highly awl' 

rnrra nun. folding ntliwim 
mwuln for mi 4 * oU. ixtre- 
mun and c ornrnoil.Urv Emn 
in tun Vino and rtucwrq. Fluonl 

in EUMSoti AraMc iramtaUen 
Sorhs rrthoniilA, pou>»> hi 
V.K or Abroad PMuar Via- 
nnonr Mr H Hanna on Ol* 
4590360 An>nmr. 


EN 6 USM LADY, vrll taiHH 

position as how-kpr, rr in 

London 1 or r wnUfinm rrv 
l-rr»a Eso-iynl took. rtit. 
HuMooO to lotto v. own pr-alcs- 
non Tei ot tea 7»6 


CNMITUKO OWL t w anwr 30 
,ear>' nsmoifr of tonsnir 
leo contract [runagnnent 
suorrMsoon in and abroad 
ctuilrnging *.orv Reply 

to aofi rst. 


omet MAM8DI un Expert 
iwm ui all oSBeCts of Finance. 
Pfrono-i and Annunrarauon 
v-ki new ciulienoing pdslIHn. 

Trl tli 5:3 OU 73 


Gabriel Duffy Consultancy 

Our chert, a sisaianp rt a major British bank, j' seridng 
gradual KLBAs (or 2 new posts, age between 20 to 30. 
BU8MBS DEVBJOPMBIT 0FFWE8 For the Loam Dniston. 
(tevisng and test madetina new fmandd products. 021/86. 
araumOML OEmOfhSTT omca Oevekjptng and stapl- 
ing systems to cope wen new products and customer care and 
control. 022/86. 

Both posaoons are ottering excellent benefits aid career 
prospects. 

STOCK CGNTRGU£RS With at feast 5 yean er pertence in 
StodArotang also required. Age between 27 to 35. Sdsy to 


Cortact Dawn Spence or James Bedford Russell, 
Commerc ia l Division, 

Gabriel Duffy House, 17 SL Swfthin's Lane. 

Cannon Street, London EC4N SAL 

Ttt 01-623 3195. Eves 01-228 5659 « 794 6517. 

n ecrott M e nt CnasnUauh of The Tew 


PART TIME VACANCIES 

WE'LL PAY YOU TO HAVE A 
PARTY! 

If you live in centra! London hoe is a way to earn lots 
of money- - you choose when and how much. We want 
you to arrange small panics of your own and our con- 
tacts io explain and demonstrate by video our 
revolutionary method of borne supermarket shopping. 
There’s almost no selling as the service sells itself and 
pnyway is offered on a free triaL We’ll provide you with 
all you need, including an attractive expense and bonus 
package. Stan now by phoning 01-215 1535 for mart 
information. 


You don’t | 
need to 
join the 
Air Force 
to fly high 


Ambition and the desire to 
succeed leads people in 
many different directions. 
But all high-fliers need 


first class training. mjr s 

Trident Life, pari of one of 

the world’s largest financial 

groups, needs more successful 

sales people to increase the 

power of its presence in the field. 

To those who have the personal ^PPH||i|jj| 

qualities and will to succeed, we 

offer ab initio training, up-to-date products, and a remuneration 
package which takes the lid off you r earning capacity from the word go. 
You don’t have to be currently in sales (any more than you'd have to be a 
pilot to join the RAF), but if you are- fine. Either way, you'll find that the 
combination of our methods and your commitment can open the door to 
undreamed of success in a career you may never have considered Also 
opportunities exist in all areas of the country. 

If you would welcome the challenge of a career where rewards are 
directly related to your ability and enthusiasm, then, if you’re aged 28 to ’ 
50 and can demonstrate maturity, determination and a record of 
sustained success in your current undertaking, find out how to become a 
high flier with Tndent Life. 

Write or ’phone: IBnBBBnMnBm 

Terry Fielding-Smith, Bljr i-j Jl_ 

Sales Director, Trident Life H llrM fi | 9 ■ 1 1 

Assurance Co. Ltd, 69 London 
Road, Gloucester: 0452-500500. = ■= j 

A member of the Laurer.nan Group of Companies Ttlfat Life ASSUnhCfe C ffl np w y LAfted 


r»:f> i, . 


.‘.•JL ' 


'■ \i. \.r-; - t 




CITY CAREERS! 


MANAGEMENT CONSULTANT 
to £ 50,000 + car BC 4 

If you are a qualified, graduate accoun- 
tant (28-33), a notable achiever with an 
aptitude for systems development, 
then management consultancy affords 
you toe chance to extend your skills 
within an entrepreneurial environment. 
Ref: SW0031 

CORPORATE FINANCE 
to £20,000 + Bank Benents ECz 

An ideal commencing point for a gradu- 
ate ACA to start a career in Merchant 
Banking, working in a high profile, in- 
ternationally prominent organisation in 
Eurobond issues. Ref. RS0018. 


6)ln 


<ohr«s 

«25,ooo + Bc ne B t s £C2 

An international merchant bank seeks 
a graduate ACA (aged 28-32) with bank 
experience to assist with the develop- 
ment of new systems in anticipation of 
deregulation. A prestigious opportunity 

PSwSois CaroGr . P r ° 9 re ss | on. Ref; 

BUDGET ANALYST 
to £18,000 EXSl 

rote Priding a wide 
. range of corporate planning and bud- 
geting tasks. A recently qualified 
accountant will gain a valuable over- 
view of this highly diversified 
^Sg 0 " 81 tradm 9 gmup. 

Management I^ersonnel 

feentawt Uofeil Sam* 

lOnBteySqBara, LowtoaEC 2 A 1 AD 
Tateptew.Ot 256 5M1 i«nofjiousm 8082783J 










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MECTORS 

SECRETARY 


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Strukei 


SffBLESALAUDtO SEC/WP 

Eiftooo + Vwtotftonefjtr 

3 yuan Cctonwcbs Coo- 
w«**w exp. tMomaL 
PVtaar l«w. doraaadlog 
posi. own searches etc. 
CHy Senators. 

LEGAL AUfHO^EC 

S&MO + 2 tarty. Reviews 

1 Company Lew cm easen- 

tfltf. Partner K-peJ. trato on 
WP. wi Senators. 


|. 831-7622 

CLAYMAN 

LEGAL 

300 High Holbora 


Secretary at 
Director Level 

Uxbridge, Middx c£10k 

Wherever businesses need to communicate, by 
whatever means, therefe business for Rank Xerox One of 
the world leaders in advanced office technology, we’re 
growing fast and now need a supremely professional 
secretary at Director level. 

Needless to say, we’re looking for someone with 
proven Secretary/PA experience afboard level. 
Someone who not only offers fast, accurate shorthand 
and typing birtth&initiairve. discretion, organising ability 
and authority you would associate with a senior member 
or a management support team in a blue-chip company. 
Poise, professionalism and good personal presentation 
are vital qualities - expecially when dealing directly with 

influential customers and contacts. . 

An excef/eqt salary is supported by comprehensive 
and valuable benefits including free BUPA and 
contributory pension schema 

If you're businesslike enough for Xerox, please 
write with full details to David Simpson. Personnel Dept. 
Rank Xerox fUK) Ltd., Bridge House, Oxford Road. 
Uxbridge, Middx. UBS 1HS. 

Where therefe business there’s Xerox 


. ^THE SPRING IS HERE 
LOOK FOR A NEW CHALLENGE 

.RESEARCHER SWI 
, £1 2,000-fl 5,000 + BONUS 
IRigyggj J* to g matt axgerime to to 

*«* «. * 

•nmoBS ipplcz&wtt lava , to opportoky to expand Ws posttiem. 

.. .. B CCmWG WI AGENCY £9.000 

Hegc Ptotog PtoBMft m MtwBMte sac. No shamand just good 

typng. WP 0 X 0 + to My Bf cutanea senta. 


COME IN WP SEE U5T00A Y OR Ta ffHONE SALLY OWENS ON 

01-235 M3J. 4 POKT STREET. LONDON SW1X3EL 


K X1GHTSBR1DGT? 
SECRETARIES ±1 


EXECUTIVE SEARCH 
SECRETARY/RECEPTIONIST 

WEST END PACKAGE c£l 1,500 

Must be well educated, outgoing, highly 
intelligent, energetic with good accurate 
typing speeds. Training provided for 
word processor. 

Small prestigious firm, young tRgm t last 
moving environment. 

Please reply tos : 

Anne PrtcaitMy, 

Whitehead Mann Limited, 

.... 44 Wdbeck Street, . 

London W1M 7HF. 

01-935 8978 ' 


Judy Farquhanon Limited 

47 New Bond Street, London, WTY 9HA. 
01-4938824 

TRILINGUAL PA £11,000 

COVENT GARDEN 

SswQ wefl established Financial Cbnsofiaiicy needs 
mature and capable PAJSec. All round rovolvemem 
with company; PR, chart luisoo, ad mini stration, 
uxaniratioo. JFtoAtl fiew* and Spanish pins oat- 
lent SH/Typoft. Age 3040- 

YOUNG PR SECRETARY 

For successful West End Company. Needs good 
SH/Typhjfc ability to work under pressure scope to 
get involved and (work ns-team. Age c21 Salary , 
c£9J3O0 


temporary appointments 

We are always keen to interview candidates with 
exceOem secretarial riylte for varied temporary as* 
agavaeats ia tbc West End. 


■ RECRUITMENT CONSULTANTS 


TV PRODUCTION 
SEC/PA £9,000 

A gown opportunity wtm plenty of Involvement for 
someone- bntiHL PuBWy and creative to atost bead of 
produdkMi al ttris major TV co. Musi have ag enutne 
interest In production and skBU 9 0/50. Fantastic carets- 
erra * Cfc 


PUBLIC RELATIONS , 
SECRETARY 

A secretary is needed for the Manag in g Director and a 
Director of a busy W I public retalKMB 
specialising in food and drmk cheats. 25+ . Good shon- 
hand typing dolls plus admin ability. 

Ring Carol Raiberstone on 01-935 8164 


AMERICAN 

UNIVERSITY 

Dp to £9,000 

Bust L wte nifta rtjg 

asr-ar. 

sssss. 


t wa s sa aotal 

tfised canton. 

Sod C V? tn- . 
Mr. S. E Sen. 


FLUENT french? 

£11,000 

Small mpresentaaw Mer- 
chant Bank needs «*eu 
educated PA who is totally 
imiiufitai and aWe to work 
eonwetently ana tiWPUv 
on nerown shwe thetoMj- 
tno representative is ofton 
toll on appointmenns. Intel- 
Uoenw. comiwm sense 

and sen* of honour nwre 

important man tot 


I Regenrt Phrk. 

I Loodon NWl 4NS. 

£9,900 »» 20+ 

Do 

topmptYw-BnMrnJJw 
when deahne *lth dratt. 
■assy who are top TV per- 
mnafiiiK. Very wvdi i i 
w one PA poMuem for » se- 
nior Punne t-- G ood audio 
up en ei x e essrmiaL 

MASTER IX)CK 

RKRUrTMENT 


S KWGHtSBRiDGE 

U Receptionist to 

5 chaiige of new omce 

w? bqsiness centre -must 

£ per annum. Ana Fry 

01-^938 2222 


shorthand. 

CwrWiM» fthaC 


SECRETARY 
£10,000 Affe2S+ 
US Dec 86 

person, required to aawgt 
preeriof. HtfO Department 

SecretaHal/ p A mma 

S. H. typmo - Wang wp 
twill cross train), modem 
Company, based near 
BJacfcirtars- 

^tSoLTV 014MS Mil 

■"■SaimBONNn. 


legal sec/pa 

Ca £12,000 

srs 

presentawn. 
^mji or omte. u * au 

hm( VuiiinV**" ®" B - 


PUBLISHING 

SECRETARIES. 

We publish magazines as diverse as SHE 
and HARPEf© & QUEEN (as wall as haif-a- 
(Jozen other famous glossies) and books 
covering subjects from cookery to Sloane 
Rangers. 

We are looking for young secretaries to 
work in our administrative departments 
which provide vital support services for the 
creative and advertisement sales teams. 

Excellent typing, willing personality and 
motivation are essential. Shorthand and/or 
WP experience useful In some areas. 

We have stylish, modem offices in WI and 
offer, amongst other benefits, free 
magazines, swimming and squash and 
subsidised lunchtime exercise classes. 

Please write with full C.V. arid details of 
present salary and aval lability to: - 

Beueriie Flower, 

The National Magazine Co. Ltd., 

72 Broadwick Street. 

London, W1V 2BP. I 


UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON 
REGISTRAR’S DIVISION 

SENIOR SECRETARY with good secretarial 
skills in audio/ typing required for the Registrar 
of this multi-faculty College. Usual secretarial 
duties me. initiating own correspondence, inves- 
tigations of a statistical/noD-statistkal nature, 
routine administrative duties. Adler electronic 
typewriter and 1CL word processor. 
EXECUTIVE OFFICER/SENIOR EXECU- 
TIVE OFFICER required for Registrar’s 
Examination Section, work involves all aspects 
of 'degree examinations in Science subjects. Use- 
ful opening for University Administrative 
Career. Salaries for both posts on scale £6993 - 
£9146 Inclusive. Generous holidays, season tick- 
et loan scheme, excellent conditions. 

Application forms and further details for the 
above two posts are available from the Regis- 
trar, University College London, Gower Street, 
‘London WC1E 6 BT. Telephone 01-837 7051 ext 
269 for details of Senior Secretary post and ext 
781 for Executive Officer/Senior Executive Offi- 
cer post, dosing dated: 12 May 1986. 


CHAIRMAN'S SECRETARY 
- ADVERTISING 

Based' in -Covent Garden, this interesting position in- 
volves plenty of liaison with client and company staff; 
therefore, a pleasant outgoing personality is essential 
Together with accurate well presented tyring and short- 
hand. yon mil need to be a good ofgtuiiser and able to 
handle office' administration plus dealing with people 
courteously and efficenffy on the telephone. This va- 
cancy is for someone with plenty, of initiative who can 
assess priorities and arrange work around diaries and 
appointments. Please apply in writing, giving foil career 
d erail s todate with current salaiy. to: 

The ChatrmM, 

. MCS LbL, 

141/143 Dray Lone, 

Covent Garden. 

London WC2 


EXECUTIVE SEARCH CONSULTANTS 
SECRETARY/PA c. £10,000 

.We are a hading and wen established arm of On rou tt aim 
■wefcinn a highly imatHled. bright amt cheerful 
Secretary/PA. 

Tne abiltty to flt comfortably into a sroaO working environ- 
ment and play a fub and rarotructhr* part tn oar work Is 
extremely important In addttton to the normal aecreta ia t 
activities, the task win include client/ candidate contact so 
a confident, but sensitive telephone manner Is essential. 

Preferred age 28+ ■ 

At>ely with CV ick- 

smyVMnc, 

Atexamfar, ttatfes A *wrM s « UK U L, . 


opium romps 
have the una( 


* Leaden MH 7KA. 
Tdaptneu 01-636 919*. 


SECRETARY/PA. 

i 

3rieTExfxa6wof&i5tgnivtsgtB»lleiitjddevd- 
jany at tft bead office in W|. Applkam stodd 
i( snooiniid/typnig experience, bat in addition ■ 


fcfflswfc&gc of to residential properly bosmess indwten the 
admimsuauan of coasroaion would bet cren advantage. 


Please riit| 49J 7ISI for interview; 


0&K 


W.P. . 

SECRETARY 

' Orgtaued secretary age*. 

SO*- with wont ptoceasns 
experience nqaired to ** 

; up new system lOOvero 
2dv Lois of reaxm^bnny 
and ample remanfiraoon 
f«r the ri«W peraon- 

• PtaoMcafl __ 

- THE REOSTBAH ON 

01-435 3851* 

ST. flOOrnC* COLLIE. 
aJWKWraSHT ROAD, 
HAMPSTEAD. . 
LONDON NW3 fiADu 


THE TBIPM6-WNV w 

For freedom of choice, 
ttexftte hoMLaye. tovour. 
able pay a*w further ex- 
perwsxe — temping could 
Jud be the answer. 

-At Rite in the Ctty we 
have a variety of book- 
ioge from the presUntoos 
IntenmuoMa Banb io me 
informal PW company. «» 
for an.hO«M«i apprebat of 
what we can offer you 
calt 

Helen Platts 
V on 283 155S 


Secretary+ 

We are currently seeking a high calibre Secretary for the 
Director of Engineering of our Appliances and Lighting 
Division, based at THORN EMI House. 

This is a new position, and the variety of duties and 
responsibilities will provide involvement and responsibility in 
a fast-moving environment it is important iherelore, :na*. you 
have excelfent secretarial skills (shorthand . audio and w. p. 1 
t together with an ordered, systematic approach to your work, 
and proven organising ability. 

In return we otter an attractive salary, and a good range of 
benefits inefudingfive weeks holiday, season ticket lean and 
company discounts. 

Interested? Please send concise career and salary details to 
Marion Shindler, Personnel Officer. 


THORN EMI 


THORN EMI House. 

Upper Sainr Martin's L ane, London WC2H 9ED. 
I A THORN EMI Company 


Secretary/P.A. To 
Managing Director 


Administrative 
Secretory hi OH 



EH UK. the British subsidiary of a major international of? company 
with offices in Knightsbridge, has a vacancy in the Operations Depart- 
ment for e secretary with administrative experience and a good 
knowledge of word processors and microcomputers. 

In addition to secretarial work, responsibilities will include the 
processing of accounting documents, the maintenance of various 
records, and data input onto microcomputer 

The successful candidate wfll be educated to a minimum of A-tevaj 
standard, have a methodical approach and at least two years' experi- 
ence in a similar environment 

In return we offer a competitive salary package 

including lunch allowance, twlce-yearly bonus , 

and 21 days holiday. 

Please vwrte. with fun CV and daytime telephone •.'■NSt! 

number to; — 

Mrs. Tessa Biore, H "■ ' ' 

Personnel Assistant 

EHUKPIc, 

1&7 Knightsbridge, H 

London SW71RZ. H H 


Covent Garden 


£10,000 p.a. 


Required for uw Managing Director of a wading Executive Recnuimeni Censuiuncy. 
The job mchides aecretanal and adnunistisuve duties, uivalvemem on assignment and 
supenrising two secretaries. 

Canthdaes must have accurate shorthand, word-processing experience, and have 
worked in a variety of environments, ideally including a consul Lane;- or personnel 
department They will be smart, articulate, confident on the telephone, have a good 
sense of humour and eruojube Ham atmosphere of a smaller company. 

Please send a ex. direct to David C. Thompson. Managing Director. Bui! Th omp son 
and Associates. 63 Sl Martin's Lane, London. WC2N 4JX, to arm.* no later than 
23rd April 1986. 


\Bull ] 
!' Thompson 


1 CORPORATE AND RECRUITMENT CONSULTANTS! 


Judy Farquhanon Limited 

47 New Bond Street. London. WIY 9HA. 
01-4938824 

PA TO £14,000 
PROPERTY DEVELOPMENT 

Energetic enthusiastic young cntrepMmcur 
needs PA to assist him with new company. 
Should be ‘A’ level calibre, very presentable 
with jjpod typing and bookkeeping ability. Age 


Ground floor opportunity 

OFFICE MANAGER 

WEST END • £20,000+ 

This is a financial services and zeal estate company operating in the 
Wast End. 

Responsible to the Director you will Twin a small but growing office 
providing support services for a high energy team oi mainly U.5. 
executives. The job requires considerable flexibility but the primary 
tasks are to coordinate secretarial, word processing ( Wang) and personal 
computer facilities and to manage general office services. 

You already have substantial word processing, personal computer and 
supervisory experience. You must be able to handle spreadsheets and 
some basic bookkeeping on a personal computer and actually enjoy it! 
What is essential is that you identify with their positive and dedicated 
style — "Were going to do it anyway so let's figure out how!" 

Please send resumes, which will be acknowledged and forwarded to 
our client unless a covering letter gives contrary instructions, 
to Executive Selection Division, Ref. .R 500. Coopers & Ly brand 
Associates Ltd., 3 Noble Street, London EC2V 7DQ. 


RENTALS 


SMALL WINE COMPANY 

Needs first class bookkeeper/assistant with 
good typing. Lovely working conditions by 
« Lambeth Bridge. a£! 2000. 

P^RECRUTM 

A CHANGE & * 

A CHALLENGE 

If you are dynamic, seif-motivated, with initia- 
tive & enthusiam, and drive a good car-letting 
high class furnished properties in Central Lon- 
don could be for you. 

CALL 

PAMELA BEREND 
NOW 

01-722 7101 
ANSCOMBE 
& RINGLAND 

SUPER SECRETARIES 

COOL, CALM 
& CAPABLE 

Fiairah Stead & Glynn's busy furnished lettings 
department in Chelsea has promoted its secre- 
tary yet again and now needs a cairn and capable 
secretary, preferably with previous property and 
Wordstar experience. Salary aae. 

01-370 4329 ref SG. 


CLAVERTON STREET, SWI 

A really stunning, new dec. ft furn. one 
bedim. Flat Hiuoled to the bean of RtoiUro. 
Avail, inunediaiety on tong term comnany 
let. £160 per week. 

CAMBRIDGE STREET, SWI 

A pleasant ? bedrm. Patio Flat situated (n 
lilts auieL residential street. 1 dale. 1 sgle 
bedrms. reeeo.. sep. Ml Avan now for 6 
months let. £160 per week. 

Pinfico Office-. 01-834 9998 


• Wide range ol quality turmstied 
and unfumi'Shed property 
• Full Management Service 


CHESTERTONS 


» Legal Tax Advice 
r Personalised Service Wiroogb 
7 computer linked otlices. 


ABBOTSBURY ROAD, W14 

A superb. Immaculately decorated 
Hou see In excellent residential area, 
dose to Hoi land Park. 3 double 
bedrms- 1 single bedroom. 2 bath- 
rooms. 2 reception rooms, fully fitted 
kitchen. Large Patio. Available now 
for company let only. E6GO per week 

rM *kcad«tM Office: 01437 7244 


COLLEGE LEAVES 

gg | fflggg t Qgg 

1M E rta riWwl dty lEOUtnwnt 
connfcmy stwateng in (Dunce 
ugtnHy mm s pnor 
aw«aiy/admmstntono vast a 
smalt toy turn. 




01 23ft 1113 

C. Portmaa 
K B wmfliu wt 
S Sa rri tM 


the amours laooect mne 

DMKHini »t4» company 
reawres yotma rnbiusiaHic 
werrtary le work n the err 
Hive depanmeoL Oooe 
secretarial sklHs and atomno- 
tramp flair csaoinaL £6.750 
per annum negcoaUe. Send 
CV. to C. Klmplon. vuron 

video MmuilnW. 6-10 
Bruton Street LsrOui W1X 
7 AC nr can 01-099 5821 

ApvamSMS MOMCV are yiw 
a teoRse and accuraie tymet 
lust out of eouroe who rould 
also be a recroooow. idepho- 
msL flltng clerk, w na se n aer. 
washer-up - and 44 come up 
laughing? Many a Htcnsdiii 
■naming person KM started 
mb way- Tmy ttanp ft Co 
Ltd.. ChKtMSler Moure. Ctrictv 
ester Rhus. Chancery Lane. 
London WC2A ICC telephone 
01-405 6993. 

scaRTAmr/No ssnmuio 
21-25. Variety and nuresiai-a 
busy nghi hand « 2 managers 
oi young cotmmancv team. Be 
nnt rivoIvm n mnatmui 
. adman, onmtes. ■flan' eK. Good 
typing and WP nucnenre. Stel- 
la Font* 656 6044. 

FLEET STOUT Soitcnor wnh 

small tanod praroro reouwes* 

c o «mie w ni ft Otpcnoanfc- 
secreury- Legal enpenence 
OmraHe hut ate eccential. 
Salary etrea £9,000 Tet Brian 
Lewi* OI 555 5496. 
OIUMMTI SBC with audio M 
MUI editors, ai too nanu Duton 
ft PuMKtim. £7.250 Cavern 
Garden flunau. no met S4^ 
EC*. 363 7696. 

run mm pc mo me b s. 
mnanfflTt ft tetriporory n«w 
none. AM6A SpeoaUBI Ret 
Coro, oi 734 0632 
HTtMIATlOlUL HWft CT T Y 
Mkt jw pa iwety wen End 

off ire lOaro-SpA. £7.000. 

Kenrmio AUanar. 01-4090671 
MEDKM. SECRET ART c^pwi- 
mreu. -managerial nuaunn I» 
paomninc practice. Harley 
. Street 01 9U 2025 


Momws www 
SBSEMinr/WlMgsTBATlM 
U06TWIT. 

iiOOdOk For Mayfair 
Cofinnsl Property Comu- 
n>'- LinuruiM oltm*. 
Ctwunl ctieni rontatt and 
bueTMUng work wiiti anad 
■red team. Pre iered age 18- 
SO Vear*. STAR7TNC SAL- 
ARY 1 CaCOO to £9.000. 

TKL B1 49S 8166 FOR 
APMOnUKHT. 


SENIOR SECRET ART Busy firm 
of M ar it i me Sonniers seeking 
uilrlne-nl pTesenMOte teeretary 
lo work dosety unto B partners. 
Good and accurate 
^rorfumd ■■ audio ■ Wordstar WP 
skins essential work demand- 
ing bul rewarding. ExceOeflf 
salary It is unnkeiy Ural appli- 
cant under 2d win have gauwa 
expmmre atnuuy and confi- 
dence reguvrd Ivr tori position 
Andy m wrilrna Willi CV. to: 
Horrrcics A Co. 99 AKtwyrtl. 
London swCas «JF Ref UP 
I NO ACCNdCSl 


SECRETART PA- £A900. Exref- 
teni ppponuitily lor an 
unsmon) Ser r e t ary lo become 
compteMv onrtsed with IN* 
newly created potman as PA EB 
5 Managers good secTeiarral 
suite i rusty s n urefuii. Tne 
atony (o set up new other %y* 

lore pitd lo luw wuh importanl 

cuenu are essentia] Call Joe 
Thompson! ASH RECRUIT. 
MENT 400 1444. 


SECRETARY reouired tor My. 
inendiv Pr am u se HUI Estate 
Agents. Tet Ned emu 01-722 
8B76 

A0MW/ACCMW7S ft TTPMB 

SWA. small inendly nnmingof 
flee a seeking a capawe person 
awe m rvuxjir banking, ehroue 
wnUpu tswsmg wuh acroun- 
lante. general correspon dence 
and mvtnce bm4- Numeracy 
rosenliad. w WjOOO Steua Fan 

«■ 83b 6644. 

HUfSCUAL IT All AM. ensegr 
leaver nr tec. good educalion- 
al hackground 100 SO lo mm 
merchant hank. OU - - Mapro r<? 
laxed wanung luiwnmn W - 
£7.000 + banking nenefro 
Phone Carohne. Miner McNem - 
me cams 734 3708 or 457 
*»76. j 

MtTOftVIEWEft/ SECRETARY ft 
CQ.SOCm- Bonus reouired by ! 
email recruumetu trilux located 
in West Etta win assm u> 
organising wrerstews and uanr 
wuh clients mid applicants 
Mimhnuni lypmg spred MJwpm 
and a iteWOd ainiodr n mm- 
bM •Any Tel 01-439 3388. 


20-25 ctMQD. Com mem wiin 
warm and ouignno person aJili. 
ernoy dealing wuh people and 
wondng -as part «f a Inendly 
team of 3 ri-cepnonnu? Tiro 
WI cmnpgter consumm* 
would tote <0 iM«l t-au SlotU 
Fteher 836 te44 


LETTING 7 

WE HAVE WAffTWS 
COMPANY TENANTS 

LOOKING? 

CALL US NOW 
TO SEE BETTER 
HOUSES & FIATS 

Buchanans 

Lotting & Management 

351 7767 


LETTING? 

Set* Your 
Specialist 

GEORGE KNIGHT 

The f.tninn Ajyrni 

155-157 Knighlibridtfe 
London SWI 

Tel: 589 2133 


Wurman ST wi Compact 
ground floor ftar In mod Mock. 
Centre of I own 1 note Ded 
RrcM. v 4 o. gas CH. £1 3B nw. 
CRABTREE HD SW8 ExreUeni 
Cowaeaun iamb* nouw lea- 
lunn tuiHrqi nmunum- S 
beds Dow reepe Kitcnen ft 1^ 
batt> Avail B roonibt only 
£230 pw. 

For OeUiH at these ana other 
line properties pImm call . 

, GREENE A CO 

HI G2S 8611 

«Q A Uel Ed Ua* tonka NM. 


DOCKLANDS 2nd floor nai in 
new desctopmeni wltn new 
over docks. EM. £2O0pw. Pret- 
ty conage with views onto SI 
KaUienne's Marina, garden ft 
garage. El.£270pw Penthouse 
nai with dlrecl River views. 3 
beds. lift. CSSCkiw. Z Bed. S 
I Bath rial on SUi floor, securin' 
parking nil. UJOpu CarePOD 
Smith 4- Co. 01-488 9017 


SWS KEMSRieTOM nat Owe), 
spacious ground floor flat 3 
bedrooms. 1 batov. living room, 
dmmg room, kiirfcen. hanwa.*'. 
f place, semi lunusheo. carpel- 
ed. all modern appliances. 
Onem onio 3 acres of pm ate 
garden Weal for family Corpo- 
rate let. M ear exus IA 00 p.w. : 
Tel- 01-630 B3A6. No Menu 


SmSS COTTAGE 20 INne 
w End. Brand rtrw lurnrilwd 
and peroral rd flat. 2 able Beds. 

; 1 single, huge hall, apaacw 
khinqe. immi r lulhr (filed 
MKhen. 2 oaihrtwms. CH col- 
our TV. Hurypnone «f ?re« 

1 parking, all 'included al £26S 
pw Ol 431 3121 


HOTTING MU MW Oose 
Ladhroke Grove rube and bus. 
Quite sunuv and well lurffriKM 
not S nods, tol . bain, lounge. 
Ki. t v . entn- nnone C.H. £160 
pw. Tel. Oi «X«054J5. 

PLEASANT HAMPSTEAD 
Own acccb. Gordeh view. E»- 
ceiiem transport For 
immediate rent 10 aulet single 
man CBS OO pw Influmve. Tdl- 
01 48& 0411 

AMERICAN VEOAUnS are 
currently wwmn good quahty 
retrial artommodauon tn 
crntral London lor waning 
company lenante 01937 9681. 

BURGESS ESTATE AGENTS cu- 
ter Londons nm selection 01 
luvurv Bah and hduses lor dte- 
emupg tenams. Rmg now- 01 - 
SBl 91 » 

CHELSEA Ovectooklng mrr. dr 
guru 2 double bedroom 
furnished (lal Large well 
muniint hlcnett dSOttw. 
Ring Jane Cote 01162 994a 

nn.smr pk nwj. lux 1 m. n ♦ 
B ImuiTube EHOpw.cotet. 
t>24 3348 arer 7 pm. 

BUSMESSMAN reciurm s/C stu- 
dio. mas rem £200pcm. TO 
Bax 4AQ. London WIA 4AQ 
CHELSEA natetn Bed. 2 recep. 

ponergdn. parking. £213 pw. 
CH 1 HW uid. Ol-SEl 6639. 
CHELSEA Spaaoro lux tMk«a’ 

Ptri Obte brdrm. weep, lifts, 
porters. long let. 022-9826 

EAST END House. 4 beams, 
tuads lube. UAS/petsok- ClOO 
pw 027 2010 HoteMoun. 

mW-HOl UP . short Jong lets, 
ad areas. London Apartments 
Intemanonah 01 ?M 7303. 

GARBEN FLAT! S Bednw. not 
cfHldrrei Ok. £1 IS Qincre 627 
2olO Homelocatore 


■Sj ww 9 

StoRkteP Sdi Doer IN m ta noftm 
ha MO* lon«M ■■■ 
■MOMtRHin m 
M« nganad k#r tew HdOB. Aw 
amroat «»m. nets m. hood nm. 
“t»i 4 ow toman. 1 mm 
oeanaa/stmif. 2 BMOmn uoai 

■AVMMW1 

SpMOabr 2 tomonto M too 
dm iu steRmaam Heck. WIST 
K VMS. Pn* ta api aM (/ML 
JteBiBoei Htm 2 ato Mm 
7 Mom. WtM*. O 03 M nag 


For the best 
MleeUonoffiu 

FLATS* HOUSES 
TO BENT 

in prime London areas. 
Contact Rommry MtortNur. 


HOTTMO IHLL GATE DteWhUU. 
Iv nretty flat wiih access to 
private- pdns 3 dde peris. S 
paths, elegant recep. study ft 
utility room. Co long tel C560 
pw. Goddard ft Smith 01-930 
7321 



SOUTH HEMSOMTON Spacious 
mansion list with Iwo dole 
bees, large rgeep with bay win- 
dow!. kH w -dryer, bwh. Video 
entry phone ft porter Co lei 6 
momhs +. C26S pw Goddard ft 
Smith 01-030 7321 


HENRY ft JAMES Contact us now 
on 01 236 SSbl »r the best »e- 
tertion 01 lurnisiHd nan and 
noroa co neni in Kiuqntsondge. 
kenyinglnu And Chelsea 


MAYFAIR Opp aandgo. newly 
oecoraled 2 bed flat. 1 recen. 
balh ft WC. t> monlbs Co m. 
£300 pw Goddard ft Smuh 01- 
930 7321 


MAYFAIR WI. Fully fum lux 
Hats Newty dee ft partly 
SCTVJCTd 3 recro. 3 dWe beds. 3 
oaihs. Min 4 mnilri £800 pw. 
Rnli diner ft Co. Ol 491 3164. 


SWEBY COWAN ; 

cavnnr oardol wez. 

! C« m e nta l at a m m wty di we d 

I nto M euper am. Studio. 2 
brae. 2 taro*. Co let £120 pw - 

OTB pw. 

iruuaniftMu. 

| Spadpoe 3 MdrmRai in presage 
■ocMfcw. um Co ton £400 pw. 

I QUEERS OftJIODtg. WJ. 

S ePeetlon of 142 oedtm Ibh. 

I Avan on mm tet to cry. czas 
1 pw- 

01-631 5313 
RESIDENTIAL 


ST JOHNS WOOD 

Ite Unto. Dcrtgmrm. mod- 
em 2 bedroom flat Fully 
Riled lot chen. CH. Garage. 
UR. Rner. COnvm u enl 
for public iransporL 
£260 pw 

Tel: 43$ 5929 


SLIMHE SQUARE do note Mf 
room, kounae. ireron windows 
to balcony. 3rd floor. £426.00 
pern oeposil reginred. Ted: 01 
730 1464 


iKCUI. OFFER Kntghtabndge. 
£275 pw i normally £4O0"!i. hv 
OYtobte value. High cattbre 1 
bed servxn) flat. I t lets. 
Aytesf orris 01 3SI 2383 fT7 


VMTMB LOHOOMT ABen Bates 
ft Co hate a targe Mecbon Of 
ilats and homes asallabW for i 
we«* + from £130pw. 499 
1665. 


DEAL FOR VISITORS. South 
Kensington. Fully senicea floi 
for 2. Lilt. Rhone. Col TV. CH 

etc. 01 786 4281 B*S4 2414 


MAYFAIR, m Cosy S C fan 
nai Large Bed ml ensele. Rec. 
KB. fully egiupprd. 1.I95PW. 
Shan let Ol 629 2846. 


QUALITY REMTALS NOW M'W- 
abte and reginred in all good 
areas. Lytuno ' The Caring 
6P*C»d*ls". Ol 736 3003. 


BUND NEW MfMCOUTE 
FLATS FOR UING 
COMPANY LETS. 
MDLBJUM. E.W.L Crowd non 1 

tod ttp Dated* nap. bon wa 
itoML Fifty maip M kachen 
£225 ab 

KDOMSTM NK U. EL1L 401 
floor 1 tod KM ■ ■*( w btock. 
L*m* ran. MR tom abom. 
My OMOM M £25D (Mr. 

ST. HAM MH0TTS COURT. 
■L M. Spaaou* M floor AM n « 
MM 2 ted* bed*. Ala ran 
MR MR Star, carat. Mr 
■Wtod tteton. £290 ptc 
TM, i, |<xt i Mtocflw *1 rar 
MpaiflH. Plam M*t ra ■ ofl A 

nsma r - • 

JUy Afttoma or Ma 
IHM 7441 
94 OH Branctoa Rod, 
LoodM SW7 


LETTING 


PEUQHTFUL Newly nwdenuud 
ft mwnoT designed 2 bedroom 
flai wilh dining room. Mifmg 
room, fully Idled kitchen- balh- 
room, yrfi WC £2750w. Co W. 
PhUip Andrews. 486 6991 


HOLLAND PARK. Newly decorat- 
ed allrecli»My funusned house. 
5 beds. 2 receps. kd and 2 
baitw. garage and garden. Long 
Company tef only E5GO pw. 
King wood 01 730 6191 


MTEHMATMMAC. EXECUTTVES 

LrgroUy reouire flats & houses 
in central London from £150 lo 
£2000 pw Please call Sally 
Owen or Lorraine Campbell on 
01-937 9684. 


RESENTS PARK. Srteeiton of un- 

furnisned flats lo rent with 
panoramic new, aoroM- Thr 
park. 3 and 4 bedrooms wtm 2 
receptions. From £230 pw Inti. 
Pearsons. London. Ol 499 2104. 


r.WAXPP iManaqnwnt Services i 
Lid rrouire properties tn central 
souui and west London areas 
tor wailing appucams- 01-221 - 
8838. 


(OCTAL PROPERTIES urgenUy 
required lo meet demand. Pro- 
speruve ten am rnoutnes 
Wticome F Swam 727 4433. 


CHELSEA Attractive I Ate Md- 
1 recep. kftb. £120tfw CdrlllU- 
ny (el. JCH. 828 0040 


MAYFAIR *1. Fully Him btt 
rial. 1 dWe bed. 1 rec. fully IU 
kM. bain 'Mi wr. Min tel 4 I 
ninths £200 pw. Hhfl Diner ft , 
Ol. OI *91 3154. 


niLMAM Detaghtfid amtei noiwy- 
suckle-aad collage 2 beds, 
recep. new lut . diner, sunns- se- 
cluded gdn. riose Udy. Co l« 
£166 pw. TM; 736- 1076, *1037. 
SWI surd*, l bed flat new 
throughout Rec rm with dining 
area, h ft o.sbwr. inc ch- row. 
an, gorier. Co let i w ♦. £260 
pw. 730 3436 ITL 
WEST KEN Mod complex F F 
Charming lux 4 bed lownhse. 2 
bains, gdn. pgr. £W5pw me. 
F Tlus I dhte bed apl. loiMy 
view. £150 pw inc. 676 1896. 
AMERICAN Bank urgenUy re- 
nuirrs luxury Hats and bouses 
Itom £200 - £1.000 pw. Ring 
Burgee- Estate Agents 581 31*6 
RCHR ft BVTTfCWOFF for luxury 
gronemesia si Jonro Wood. Re 
i*Ws Park. MauU Vale. Swiss 
Con ft Hampurod Ol - 386 7S61 
BMSKffi DMigntfiH )7in cen- 
tury house in A&hompsiead 
Milage. 4 beds. 2 barns £MO 
pcitl. 0734 661838. 

937M01 TJie nutuhre le remem- 
ber when seeking bed rental 
properties hi oemrai and prone 
London areas £iso/ caooopw. i 
U-S. COMPANY seeks I urn prop- 
erties in beet London areas. 
CABBAN ft GAStXCE •Estate 
Agents) 01 699 Boat. 
UMDffLT WANTED! quality 
flan ft Mihs m oencraf Lon- 
don. Long ft snort Ms Selected 
Flals. 486 esm 
*12 fully turn self ronumed 1 
oeo nai near lube, tooo pem ♦ 
denosi call Helene. Tel: 01 B36 
6600 * 3196/3342 I 

WEST KEHSMOTON, furalMSM 
2 bed balcony nai £126 per 
week Tel: 01 846 96&1 rdayn ' 
01 878 8473 loiei 


ROBERT IRVMC ft Him 

Hase Qiiawy gropreuts in all 
areas lo Iri 637 0821. 

HENDON Sunny 2 bedrrn flat m 
Qiuel luxury Uock. 3 mm luge, 
comeiuenl for Brem Crow. 
Fufly fitted bjrtctten. lock up 9ft 
rage, rewdenl carelaker. £126 
p w . Co Lei preferred, up m b 
months In fmi insuncc. Tel: Oi 
202 8001 - 09865233 
AMERICA It EJUXVRVES Seek 
run flats- houses up to £600 
p.w. Usual lees reg- Phillips 
Kay ft Lewis, South ol rhe Park. 
OMHa off ire. Ol 352 BUI or 
North ol l he Park negenrs 
Park off me. 01-722 6136 
AMERICAN EXECUTIVES Seek 
lux furs' bouses: £200 - £1000 
p.w Usual fees req. Ptrillips 
Kay ft Lew». Sooth ei toe Park. 
Chelsea office. OI-3S2 Bill or 
North « ihe Park. Regent's 
Part office. 01 722 6136. 
AVAILABLE MNCDUmv 
large luxury torn nai wi 3 
Dens. 2 mens, kitchen and 2 
POUTS » I rrt note}, pbv CH. CW. 

All aoDiBUim. Long te* Prof 
£350pw. Tel 01-629 6102- III. 
HYM FARR, l bedroom liu flat, 
avail now. Parking £2fiO pw. 
Tel- 01 262 7060. 

KUNOTON Flat. 1 bedrrn. CH. 
barking. CIO pw. Otnrra loot 
set 2610 HsnxMCalm. 
MAYFARI sludio. phono. «»U coo- 

PW. £110 pw others loo! 627 
2610 Homctocaim. 
HLONDOH Flat. I been ul recpL 
C/nranri. ffrw- Other* mil 
627 3610 HPmeiecauirs 
NW House. 3 bedrms- handy 
lube, parking. £i IS pw. Others 
6S7 2610 Homefocalprs 7 flayg. 
PUTNEY i. a bedroom lire nai. 
£t« pw o» tet only Andrew 

Letting 01 686 Oil) 

SOUTH KEN. 3 bed. 2 balh. new- 
ly fumshed ft dee £273 » w 
Co Lrt 01-373 2243 


summ PLATA ft HOUSES 

avail ft read, for diplonuis.- 
executives Long ft short lets in 
ail areas. Luanm ft Co. *6. 
ABjemaiteSi WI 014995334. 


SUV! Trad funusned family flat 
in ponreM mansion block. 
Recep. diner. 3 beds. ku. bain, 
sep rlks. C26Spw> Cootn 01- 
828 8231 


CHELSEA Well turn I dbte bed. 
rec. frenth doors lo 50fi pvt 
gan. bath, mi rail apoi. b last 
oar. Et-sepw. 01-499 2910 . 

DELIGHTFUL well furnished sun- 
ny fW overlooking Montagu 
Square W|, I bed. I rec. fined 
Lumen £200 pw. Qi-935 3393 

DOCKLANDS. Houses and flats 
ihrouoiKut Die docklands area 
16 tel Docklands Property Cen- 
tre. 01 488 4832. 

HOLLAND PK. Beautiful. Hghl 
Hoi. o Ded. ige ret. Mi.diner. 
new equip. No agents CO LeL 
L186pw Tte 741 9677. 

IWCHTSBMDCE Super 3 bed 
room flat- rec iIIihy. 2 baton i 
e^gtei and KU. C2S0 pw. 581 

STOP LOOKMCT Try toe Rental 
C v per b. over 1 700 reolaW av au 
Hornefocaiors Henidl Acrum 
j PuMisnere o27 2610. 7 days 

BW7. Very prenv upper man gdn 
su ? 3 beds, recep. kftb. roof 
Irerare 1900 pw 6 mins -r. No 
Huffrv 01-736 6429. 

SWT GARDE* SQUARE. Sunny 
I lop flat Duie bedrm.Tecep.k e 
0 3 6 months £1 b 0 gw. Oi- 
937 0234 alter 7-00 P-m. 

; ST. JOHN'S WOOD. Superb maft- 

I 3 rec. 2 beds. KU din. utility. 

| car port L180 pw. 821-0417. 

rO0TWB 2 beefnn flaL C/neaied. 
handy luhr. £90 gw. Others 
km 637 3«io Hometocators. 

W1I LEDBURY ROAD. 4 bed 
nuK. 3 mtlte. £20oow inc. S G 
Bound ft Co Ltd 22i 2615. 

Wl CARDEN FLAT, fwm * fined 
9 dtue bedrms. Ku etc. £230 
Dw. TM. >034282) <307. 

WESTEHD STUDIO Harare lube. 
Ohone. CTO gw. Many others 
6®7 2610 Hondacdon. 

WIMBLEDON ft AREA. Cd select 
hses flats. No lee to tenants 
Williams ft Son 947 3130 






tup TIMES THURSD AYAPWLili^ 6 — 

PERSONAL CCU»OB_J PopularTo 


sport 


All claw i Tied jdvffiHCTKim 
can 6 c accepted !*> 

(except Am»uncei«cnu». i* 

deadline » 5 . 00 pm 2 * 1 * P"« 

lu publication lie 5 . 00 pm Mon- 
day for Wednesday!- Should 
>00 WISH W ■' cnJ an * Jvc ^"f' 
mem in uniting I *” 6 ,oc 1 J“* 
xtuir daytime P bt " * c _'™ m ! 2 I 
CUSTOMER SERVICES DE- 
PARTMENT. ir you ha>r any 
qui-nca ot problems nriau ng^w 
vour ad'crnscmcnl once it ih* 
bppeared. please ronun « 
( uxiomer Scrxices Degnmem 
h> irlcphonc on 01 - 40 T 30W ^ 


for sale 


IMM tT unfARES FtorHUL 1 

“SSL sTVoST Torotuo. 

HffSFmBi Far East Ot 757 

3 l «2 0664 ABTA 


; skssvi wss* - 


Mcmnaaieg HEAVY DUTY 

“g*n*2S-wuw«i 

iGcio trom IW •« ~ 

e“ 50« yp augicwy QrpW - 

c S^5 r drtJ£(« iiwvmaa? 


« ;iLt HOT fUGHTS for a tan 
Ol 651 0 to 7 ] 

ABB AMS tSY 3 - 


TrtOl sa6«to 


a»»S£--aa:i 
■KTfegs ^ 

a 9 M**. gJa? SoSii eat > »» 

only, sun Total 


Popular Todd chances^hisluck^ . 

on two unknown quantities 


a 

It 




& 






vsj^SmVsr 


SELF-CATERING ITALY 


announcements 


ANAESTHETICS HIOtAT h»- 

wlfilur wc lf on E?„{Sr W R? 

.Tinrrlrncos. OmlMmlW •« 

Pl> W BOX AW 

RICHMOND- nai nwd«» W 
yAimq prof coulHr Trt- W. 
mSdOI 323 WOO idayl. 


§719 M 7 1710 AO «** 

T^^STlY**-****- OWr 
TI S«, avail. Hand MUM 
jot gmfimwn 
"Suirtays" £12-30- m " ml,wr 

^5rsi^w«6»o. 
nom ior 

StarligM Eap- CJ***\J£* £ 5 V 
All Mh ca jro aim * oorti - 
<5616/828 

A EA/Vha/Diiwrs 

sarastSSS 


niont 

Travel AJ3TTA 01-039 so * s 




i w r « 5 or f 2 ; t , cm i arm- 

i t * rtlHn g— « hdSb w "J 

nou " p T“rnfv uMiy Ococh- 6 

rmxHr. V; ^jr- 

bedrooms = ^.^,.703 3671 


^SSEUam^ve. aBS* 

P^S^^^eronoiw 

SLfUCHTBOOKEK* W -» 7 

w-MESS 1 'vSunder 


USA M • «* "p"' ' 
400 9337. IATA 


sss-ssr-ss 


WORLD A^SS* 

sara^flsns 

Far EaN. s. Amc Phone 


,»SS& “ioOjO 


If the worf taid-taek 
Mark Todd. This week, 

S££ teiJlE bSus^hor^ 

arWsSPS 

sass>SLS 


|ar« oarOen. 

3oJl. 




BIRTHDAYS 


JAC-S BIRTHDAY W W - 
Kopov BmMw Max mu nee" 


iWilKi . . „ 

c»TnHDaa Any^Mi* Lnc l*** 

wunMoMi. CTynnenpy^g: 
Tel: Ol J 86 6305 . 


oi »'» r rrx 

6 ,00- AT0L I760 

HUM. JAMAICA, ■ 

World wide cURRSl 




WortdwtOe 

Wchnrend TWel. 1 4073. 

Richmond aBTA °‘ . 


[ABTA Traxrt Centre Ci«w» 

h-york. wSkKrsnsffi 


Atallab^ 01-374 6334- 




o W ljJ 3 , pl „ U 70 LOS AOBO- 

° o 77 fSi §“JtS' Wn 


n1 a71 0047 ATUX " 




. Sr*35» 

331100. CnaHjl Mav 


SELF-CATERING MALTA 
& GOZO 


malta/cmmno m*^ 3 */*^ 
USlaTKdays Ol 734 aooa 


SSfSraas ■Sffi*SR«SB 


NRUU £? ""52f PIANO- MeClum^^ gjWjJ; 


£299 rtn Atw 


^rtiw Bear wKM on »nur 

US 1 Birthday NlkKL and MJj 
oral illations lo you MD ” 
9 cnoaBement. »/ Irom 


eSnd. laSS-.Cj"" schedule mm; 


miaiik. Lou aid Jotinatiwui. 


i4i d» conn- rrXvSv^. 

now Oenix ry.OI ^AMOl-B^ 

UUlMULf OnW OWHTUI® 

, oeo For Sale Tdeonone Ol 

.JKBs-aw 


SELF-CATERING 

PORTUGAL 


»i «««? aftsss 


Swtc. Germany 


■«£2 SSJEK- a^i™^ 


diamond 

anniyersaries 




St James's Street, swi 


eiiMK MJE . ah JJg- 

Hone 

7775 ABTA. ru j All 

^ 11466 

01-904 7371 ABTA 




COULTER - Al EdlnburohAPTlI 
,7 1026- Safari bbwierfl 

nrorn^Sd William MrWhbleT 


LAMltlEi . — — .. _■ 

Court. Pdln Twn- Km- 

SERVICES 


SSaS® 


lo^ 074-4 7 BB 430 'exes' 
ROYAL DOULYORT^ 
I FUgurtnes. anhwla. etc . 


OI 003 0024 


HOT THE **»IST» al«wh 
^iS5r^S^°2^Ajrt! ! 

^•^fGbnSn^T'S 

UK artWS 

Principal 01 504 0067. 

s-.r 

■BV6KAWAY. London’s tlu# for 

*^f!^ona* un yi?J2 , B97 ,> 7W 

2V 43. Info lape 24hre 997 


VANITY PAW 


SSK'wim dSTtefo W* r« : 


»«%§?* roRTOG^L J 

-ssi 

SS ATOL Hobday Journeys. Jl-A 0 sTjames-y Street. SW 1 

. Horsham 685*1 3 t o 8 — 

BSE* 5 * ^TSs^WS SELF-CATERING SPAIN 

■ d p_m L 543 All Mwtmel Slroel. «»■ 01 630 

HTS BONDED* econ « 

DISCOUNTS** R ^7i^^yt ir £2035. ’ 

■T CLgJJ* SPECIAL INTEREST 

B CLASS** .Square. EG 2 Ol 929 4261 I 


*all fuous bondoj* 
+*huce rasoowm** 

♦ ♦TOURIST CLA^** 
♦ ♦CLUB CLASS** 

♦ ♦1ST CLASS** 

. 6 ^Twlsww * 


AAlrtca Car me P*" 1 " 01 


6 Africa 
883 2642 


SPECIAL INTEREST 


ART BUYERS GUIDE 


♦ SYDNEY 

* PERTH 
« HOBART 
6 JO BURG 


4 ♦ HWSBMI * 
I * AORAJK * 
*. + S AHflCA * 


CRUISE & SAIL ABROAD 


I'asS#?. 


iroducnoto fm win™™ 

For Professional NdJ E«cuuie 


£3=sa»» 

sae. 14 Beaucnam o Pj. W j 
01-267 6066 Hwnsumesoiale. 
Mm 4065 in demand. 
tv SERVICES. Shop and 

T ^rl^S3Sn.4Mi S n»ow 

irtmmeuLUHvm^iwh^ I 

^•SSS.,SSMi6. 

ralloti Trt 0734 072722 

««« cv Zc* i0,r £3£% 

sssa-jSsj » wn * 

e^n^^i^AR could 

a »!^SrS > 7 a S5SS: 
S?«u™ S'WSWEgS 

KS.IJff b’CTui'inSShS 


GERALD CWIJSWi 

SUNDAY MOfflWS. 

* DE HAVILLWroW 82a 
TIGER NOTH’. 

assgnedltdadditiononew 

ffi.S5P!*l“«S5! 

wffi WHITEHEAD 1 GUILD 
PRINTS) LTD. Offer* around 

tS 04868 24856. 


* * trWEUWCTO" * 

eAUOOAW J * P , bOMSBY* 

* BWIWO* * * A * 

J S««APO« * * “j** * 

*dub“ ._ * * *33; 


• UD (AST * 
+ LUSAKA * 

♦ TOftCWTO * 

* L ANGELES * 

* CARES AN * 


t TflUO * 
„ MAMLA * 

* BAHRAIN * 

* NWTO 8 I * 

* HARARE * 
6 YAKCaiMH + 

* MIAMI * 

*s FRANCISCO * 


?!&SS 

S26 IOOOS AI012091 
CSCECE/TURKEY .SkUwyed • 
‘^^hoal charter Iron per ] 
I day Tel. Slrama 0703 862814. 


sis ms& 


^Tl^perienced ^ 
around Badminton i - MKhael- >, 

anas Day and oim 

Nanrally, be »« *** 
soeaestion that it mignt be 
Srise lo P«t bimsdf at mfe ^ ; . 
before such a major ch *“» p, «?“ — • 

fhip - where many of ** 

wmon wiBwaicfc tan for 

the first time. ^IF I ^ 

the car something; might happen 
-Us the risk you take, yon can’t 
afford to think or it. _ 

Many riders would think ofrt 
oeralbeless^^eywo^d ateo 
want to be re^smed aboat thc 

history of *J w !L th gL^S 
taking around the ."mR***" 
three-day erent nmu L£ ^ 
world. Todd IS hazy abort Any 
Chance’s past form (fe«- was 

bZj 5 hi jointly by Todd’s sp«m- 
swTrtid Mrs Nyda Prenn 
eariier this year). Anhe^w 
is that the ho rse has comP^SS 
the puachestown Ou^-oay 

event in tre 1 ^- He SSSteT 
-nmy- have fallen at BorgWey. 

“■rm more interested in present 
form than past," 


ontinss at Brockenhmrt. art 
iJ^nrir linrtt trials within the 


Brigslock horse trials 
last month. 


WINTER SPORTS 


>«* SOUTH AMERICA ** 

♦ |»A * USA * USA *USA * 


GENERAL 


l-j-a-ttS"? 


‘He’s a completely 
natural horseman 


SL-NWORLD TRA'TL {EjTd lWI 
« <oaih Sl Ewn ■ Snitry 

-BOOK SirN^ORLD 
_ BOOK SECURITV 


the BEST VILLAS 4 TP in Ui* 


\!2 £ cSi SUVM O" o» 903 

ABTA 86431 ATOL 1162 - 


Winn . ..... . fulartieUJ- l ABTA 56431 «iu»- 

AxaiWW* in AKaarxj MRfTJ^ 1 a»'« FUCH rS Geneva 


His second ride. Mr 
Michael WeUman_s Insh-bred 


SrSiSFi 


MUSICAL 

INSTRUMENTS 


FARES WORLDWIDE 1 

I iv In 1M * 


“zurten. 

nanMef f J ®" 1 
10373) 8^4011 ABTA. 
SKIWHIZZ. ApflL 19 UN. SPJJP® 
Snow 6 U hl«fl 

^naidpanlex Incl msWL *-159. 
Ol 370 0999. .... 


w* 3 — 3»trts 


SOndNE PtAHO I at 9 W j . 
w AW-aiUxe fret worn. Edwd 

inlaid «-«h 1 ®"E£J 2 £oE£i 

5 JSjKI!eI. 70 O 0 AO. TCl.OI 

T S 3 l 6 iSu«. WORKSHOP 

^Kndon-? MMJSSlSnS 


gpMlallic In “ ..’ “, 7 I ski BARGAINS xoi 

ss.sns»srtr 1^^ 


«Wch “ *H 

and winded surround I For 

IlUftiialcd prcnpcclig ronrart 


6 BR Of 074783 

655 . 


oenubw Vrtcction avaU- 

STjSh5m.«« 

fSJSSfSSSjgmggJ 

Rd.. S Croydon. 01-608 3513 


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Immunisation, Insurance. 


COACH TOURS m ITALt- ™ 

y^|TS? 3 Valuc mM ssag 
Alt-o xlllAS * 




most promising yonns 
hones in the country but Is only 
rijjht^ears old. Badminton wdl 
be the biggest course he has 

Seed- Toddstarted 

only last year brtjheir word 



cross-country 


Jnmping for joy; Toking * *" 

■saita =saS£mS 36 .-s5feS±=sB 


He takes everything B» ^ of foture.” He 

stride whether it’s a chance nde jDarnung quietly in New 


Sb: months of 
"V-rica*^ future ended at 

ovsr Chananau ™»nr 

the beginning of 


SSSs^onTrt their fir»rmo l^aSStnde •v£??Si last minnte. 

"svi srss sr 4 s?mi«!m ? j.*!*'ss sslsj?V 


LONDON 


ssjarw^jiSra 


kensMCTON wil S«vle*d 
xredMivt* TUnUSU 


- ^^ y ° L 727 ^ I 

T S“S^-”^ EASrAWCL l^ 

«I 3 Si!'SSta’ L S^Ji f t B S; OWOW M „» Br. cdl««J 


EAST ANGLIA 


auBS 


Foreign Exchange, 
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loom a mm-. ■ ■■-- x non Fr Snap* 

Ownin' dow. L dff don. SWIX A |rtc«Kirv *1 079673430 . 

7 BO 01-235 8070 . » 

mmey ■ Izmir 1 1 6 flMPil dnjv '*'*'— 

SSitSSESfi LEGAL NOTICES 

rPMNC^ I1 |N CYPRUS. Swdd HEAVEN IN* 

N 1 " 1 ™ . j s weeks holds 6 VI;N miwrwtSF SALLY 

^.‘p^cSraUorxOl- g^v'gf^McGRA™. W»: 


LEGAL SERVICES 


■m UKA MATTERS E S Gudecm 
IT^rodr Si Lon- 
don W 1 Ol 406 M > 3 


YOUNG CHELSEA BM 0 GC duh 

Tet 01-373 1665 


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WANTED 


wmbLCDON DiOenlurv *« 


WMBLE DOR TICKETS 

We iiwnriN fo Pav '«» 
tercHrtnwi)M> court *r«J» 
Mr wenanwn on Ol 
836 6571 ; . 


unaAT K DHIGHTT And why do 
**5Lr^lirtum«n Urar iix« 

JICSbW ■"iwi la wa^TTSTcolunv 

SSTh-* % tsssss, 

I calc. London wa AdTT,H»^on 
I R?e Insighi Semtnam. OI 222 
I 0130 . 


“nassssr' - 

^SSSS l »'S, J S ( , w. 

1«t/Bn*hia**01^3a3444 
O u — um » ilUo iM»dW o n t il l 
ABM MSA ASULWAia 


be thought Michaelmas Day 
ronld do Badminton. Many rid- 
ers might have waited another 
vrarbntTodd had his reasons. 
5-Of all the Badminton horses 


LEGAL NOTICES 


?S«t<rheMbethe«|eUirt 

Irtts R best” The Wellma^. 


“W-SsaBuSSs 

not the same trust m Todd that 


self-catering 


aSWiSKS 

w« WANTED Car Royal Awo t- 

MM- °»«28 4891 

t-^iTSSM rss 

223 

mini I DOM im» b » 

■SS-ffoiWBS: 


SHORT LETS 


HOLLAND PARK. B« Nnc» q«c 
^rTV* ended 

wop *’ rJZjrZ... Odkwnrfi. Rc- 


Bnl pcimpald. 




mm nr J 1 ' 0 *-„T 0 S s ST8«i 

OoUUnatXrA. O1 039 1W _ 

wmSLEDOH TICKETS required 

01 920 I 77 S 


ply 10 BOX A 7 B. 

luxury serviced n»ij 

isHas^ 

^SKooOo. TV! PM 5^' 
Qx coiunqruun AM* 373 ““ 
c, .JUNES SWI. uwurv abed 
fully tui nlshed mjywP aP* w 
ySS Ol 375 6306 m. 


WAM22/4 1 •* 
gal 23/4 1 * 
TwerfeW* a*** 5 
TnrertaSM »* 
Mmgi2a/4 i •* 
Malaga 20/* 3 •*» 
IU*ZII* 24 qte 


Make 1986 the ] 

year you got 

thevuladgbt 


OW rW WllWUr*. 

iwa 

ffff-MP-SS 


he places in his horses. 

His ability was tested at *e 
Boekelo three-day event in The 
Netherlands last October where 
he and Michaelmas toy * 
fluke accident which would tare 


Is often at the tabrt B differed a IhH and Smhim allowing ten 

aa.asajaa*L 

asp'SfswSS 

■Tk. Uwe.o m SS*-k.W6M6.^L W-fc 

Charisma is put g-ej-saMa 
up for sale ttrklMX* 

has been fheDed by ttastr^^ alte the 1984 Olympic Gam» Kksort mANStralia this 

**r»?EJrJrXb SS. Ctarisma’s trnnm,M« ^ a ?S < 2 ! ™retiou for .the 


w** 1 * 6»b S 

doubting the wffl J® 
beaten in all but one of their ene- 


IhcflWes ai Todd is 

near Andover, where To« » 
JSed. He lives «" “ 
cottage on the estate T^litfare^ 
nap Os and intends w 
koCP ‘hlrS’ in Engfond ontfl 


tee ^eifta 

the 198« Olymple Games 
Before that there are other 
AMcdno eoals. As Coa 


rtSK^««ir* ^ 'Xl Sf hTw 

SSSKSaS-'ffiLSsSSEl 


ami 

and rider. A wooden 


taza 19/4 1 «* H 
All sublet tn imod °* 


§pink v 


FLATSHARE 


Buy *War Medals 

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aARON* euw^ojroywn 
room lor 2nd profo^™! ’Z, 


lour very clow futn 1 - 
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SATURDAY & SUNDAY 
• ' • From May T7 • 

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• FLYDRtVE • 


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Send for our ‘86 brochure 
-qutckhFWe are the leading 

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^•re all carefully chosen 
for character and unspojed 
sunoundings-on a beacn or 
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and 1 dten ) a cook-Wefl over 
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HOUSTON we EVAhS- DO^ 

keen holwton ixremjA^ 

■ WIDOW U« 

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um Homllal- Long Grox* R«J- 

gf^-as-^a 

£^£Jy. JOSEPH E3VWJEST 

QWN 

Sfss. 

London SE1B. «Cd WHY j* 


cciSKSrl swrtaryse S£?ctsfi ^spjrsrs 

H WS MUM .«a» 

.ad completed one of the test jwms . TT • ^ HOV 


|d n SmKted one or the best jdung horses # . . . ■ fl lTAnH flil V 

Nieht Cap can give Leng a good day 

v..m MoeAitlmr ■_ : ^ 


By Jenny MacArthnr . • ^ Badminton win. is 

If Virginia ung ^Njg S SSS SSftAj 

iSTtwoyears i. is difficult w had » SSSS P^hSown, tas been a consts- 

sirjsff"^!^ jBt-syfcSfc 

r’stesS' 5 ® S's^BJSr-s® --v Cft ^f gaKn<lon 

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FOR SALE 


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ISCHIA. Alderney 
aaS-Ews ABTA 




rarely put a foot wro 2 8 '. 


anune ax wyiys, 

Badminton enines. 

Despite, the absence of iheu^ 
and other top horses ttarej will 


JU me materui CITY, i aed hqury dgetoe 
ji Badminton How Tnara. Ideal lor CUy 

ywTSSnrt rol'efl « 5 J 1 JS'. 1^^229 9661 *Wr 5 «™ 


5 "£l U £ ~a over women w nr* _ , 

s^stbStSsb? fe^? n,r730Dm 8 Z 

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s:<3S 3 %es? 

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WIMBLEDON Prol WO *?*? 



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CANARY 4 MADEIRA 


2?1 .MiinYXW. LI 80 per Sw^orapf BoJUf- TooWtcW. jjenl 

SMSfarw.™*. Bja-ra 


rs&rS 

unme FrAUl Rood. TunWJdW 1 
y! MABEL LUZABETH 


He Was third at MtaM ^ Sf Competition rt 

Iasi year when Mrs LgjJ BadSmon. As Colonel Frank 

Holgate) won Ac ■ wSdo“ the director of toe 

T™'** 0 " S. points out: “l.«tondcr. 


call 01-078 7828 - 


Trophy on Priceless for the first 
time. Since then his several wins 
have included last years Na 
lional championship at l^cko 
Park and the Scottish 
championships aiTbirtstane. 

Mrs Leng. together with three 


aiBurahley m 1984. . 

TbelO-year-oU griding tas 
been out » hunting with 
Bocdeuch during toe wnter 
and, after a goodwinatDims 
Hall Hus spring, comes 19 

Badminton with renewed vtg- 

our. Stark’s fitness is more 


Isa's: ^ssL-£»>irt 

makes the most difference a> quesu -hinejes Last month 


-r.j&srsw =ss«r—- 

■fficSfc » 4Pai Bui^hley Lucinda Green, anmng fbr 


competitors from the United 
States: Torrance Fletschmann, 
their leading lady nder, with 
Tanzer, and Bruce Davidson, 
with J J Babu. Neither of the 
Americans has yet won ine 
Whitbread Trophy but both 
have been rio«. Davidson was 
runner-up on J J Babu in 198- 
and Mrs Flcischmann had the 
trophy within her grasp last year 


SELF-CATERING 

FRANCE 


ffi'jOHNSTACKU*;- 


NR CANNES 


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GOLF 


RESISTA 


SPECIAL OFFERS 

^•aKKraS 

S 3 !Ty<iTvat. wm SKEW 
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Free «*««* ■ Expat fttfa*. 


Tn: 01.229-1*77 

ALEXANDRA EALACEPTOf T. 

tf/sTo ™ Luxury !«>«*•■ ^ 
np £140 PC.ni. NldUS. 

TrtOI 8 »» I 

RALHAW U« 'g^J. 

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£9W* Wrt- 675»4«. n . 

■uo UNO - Bd9M ninny t flows 

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PLAYMATES SrtdWSWW' 

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MV brartiruflv ani^'ro dL ] 
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1985 itxiaif aboul | 


eurocheck travel 


lS^i!G , y l !5^.7 n M3 

mgssrffiss** 




, adimnMFT ihr 


Champion 
defends 
in Seoul 


The Thames is going to 
put its trus t in salmon 


ATHLETICS 


By Conrad Voss Bark 

A Thames Salmon Trust is_ to 
be formed to continee stockta* 

^ Thames, foflowiiig the prtg 

started by Thames Wrter 




Edinburgh 
target 
for Gratton 


TrfephrtK 052523 « 


01-688 2255 
(Est*d 1970) 


AUC GH«- art 3 ' 


. sip 210* Guest 


DOMESTIC 4 CATERING 
SITUATIONS 


E£,SrKa 3 75*818 ABTA 

■ITT ANY. S«*W 




, 0225 335761 < 337477 . 


».iinMor« mnortd for out 
"^^^^ort.hrtrt in con. 
re iron* May to U'f.-™*, 
Pro lous cxorrlr ace t" grtRJ 
rnuuranl nmw^nf* 111 PjT. 


Seoul (AP) - The defending Authority seven years ago. The 
champion Chen Tze-Chung of eat hority maycoBtinoeto 

T^wan and 165 other golTera , Me limited tta»? c, »J. a ^ stt SS 
isiwun «« ... =■ --iMtizatiott but 


experts, may cost millions . How 


from 13 counties wjH tee off 1 

[S?y in toe S 1 30.000 

Open championship at the Nam 

Seoul Country Club. It is tne_ 


after privatization - out 
responsibility will berra^ta^ 
to the new trust. The envmm- 
meuml services ****** 


Mike Gratton’s target in 
Sunday’s London Marathon ts 
dear-cut: to finish high enough 
to guaran tee selection for 


the trust can make . to guarantee selection tor 
toe support England’s Commonwealth 

G “^t^n^Udhe nice to run a East 


.ANNOUNCEMENTS 


Trt 01 221 730 * ] 

euELSCA- L 9 T OrtMI MIW ™ 
“Sfr ... j** Brtnrm. cm. 


[innmsKsucii 


Arthritis: 


OnlYl person in 50 
will not suffer 
within ffleir lifetime 


£60 px* I net Trt: 

^ ‘■BBISS® 

eSSroS^irtm amurt Tgf 

wgMarjriha 

n ApatgH common lop cm* 

Rd. SW 3 Ot -504 8012 
nnjlAM 2 mtl* "f* 1 '?;..! - .? 

yutp rm _ bji ttalhrm. 

■ssesas^ 

■asssaffis 


fJSU 1 wjgf 

I & a B8 i 

a* ggL 1 

ltd t5?0 

t DfflSKra. UWDWI wl 


SELF-CATERING 

GREECE 


etehth and penultonate teg of Wator. MrJNfojnm- 

S333£n? ano «d«in9 r* 1 ' I ...»! Asia Golf CircuiL MWilana savs d « hoped tne 


The eaperimenta!^ pro- 
gramme, started by Thai^ 
Water with 50,000 parr,) the 


FLY SAVELY 

may fUOWT »WB TO 


Ammo M4*M“; ®wf“ 
Faro. Crrtr. Ma non 
Paiiju. Rhodrt- Morocro 


ISLANDS IN THE 
9UN 

Spring Breaks 
CrKL UsK/aaa. ConAiariiL 
SluXtiCS 

1 W Irani Si'iSSB- 

2 Wks !rcm S2ZS8 1 0 

Dfiincnui fjeniv /la & studwi 
etose io gumous Pw U’P ( 

fuianwv *'T rno 

0403 59788 
Ilios Island Holidays 

ABTA IATA ATOL 1452 


r^^rui annUraiU will t» In 
cnarfr « young * l ^!f e 2Lf 0 |T SS 

Tetsa OoJrt'rrrLaiiw on 
SST786 1X0 
rt » ln rn anion Lii*P5 t r*>v“ 

Surd. LOOOMi 8WI5 1ST 


Sreannuai MiaGolf Circuit, fr^n sayshb %**** to I 

Shich ends in Japan next wedL ffust wffl be a soccess. TJe ter. I 

The United States will field w jBDe at the lattrt. ^ tQ ^ as smolts,) are 

the largest foreign delegation. The intentimi havea ta ^ rfrer. Last year 

with 34 players, followed by completely independert^m^ salmon were netted oat 

Japan with 28 and Taiwan wito with a disttogmsba^ Ictennan ^aff above the tide 

2iThe entries also include ^ tnmtees, Many* the 40 Thames weirs, 

ntavers from Hong Kong, the eoctri buttons from all “*“« contracted to allow salmon 
?SiCinS™BnnS Aunudnn S^ttd to SjSSSS -31 

New Zealand. Sweden and Thames salmon costly altera dons to 

Argentina.The twraameiit win- large compa^LOwnmsoffe^ dMl^ ^ brta start 

ner will receive S21.SOO. in« riR^ts and^mejnsw^ been made at 

U= : — i a*^v S .A»mnn™in» : « u; Jp.J-n. » «—. 


M AC F UESS rre 

, rrarasswjsS 

sssss-^sSi-S 


piuiBLi™ M , Sift 
will receive $21,500. 


lVUUftJ Wl - „ . ■ 

not constructed to allow salmon 
to pass tip river will need a p*d 
deal of costly altera dons to 
provide fish paste b ut a start 
has already been made at 


a/» COUDCM aLEU rtirtetlex re- 


Trt Ol MB *■**'«'? 

SIMPLY FLY 


AlflRrno^iunif htfuattt. j 

n«Aafn«msAKDEmiijwts» 

court»rokM«w i 

<1 E^gV: ilrrrt . London WVLK L\K 


MANYLFSOMC Prof P. rtref ""5 

"S . r C 48 pw «*t- CM 


PAXOS ISLAUO pmrtr xi"± 

s-^^^^oKaSsa 

Lymingwo iO590> Hi™ 


SSTio prox-wlr lunrtws lor 
Director* and W»U W J® * 9 

ptnon for ®.“£LJ£°E? BTOl 
liy company- Bepty » Bu* 
AI 9 . 



Tw? 0.-W2S322 

Wl« WELL WLL2"£m£ o™ 
In fupero V ptcJ 
«, mj pw Inct 883 aw* 

MN2 3rd P«^,J5 l J? r l 5f , * 0 ^2i 
— FOR 


| JO BURG 
£419 


SnSr" iST »«» T306931 
*T KWM WOOD. Prof V 2fT, 
* Mixed lu* nat. J s 711 ?’ 

Tube- CS 6 5 " »*• 586 S17 *L 
w . a N j. 2 GJO Wl- o r « 

nju zacpv. n. 


•SrSSSM^ 

— 14 . pro! r. sunny flat pj™ 
"moW TV X 150 pem- Trt. 

SfiSi 602 0264 


r^o. v crtTL Anglo Greet. 
“EES; 5f5 beautiful ««'“« 
Vlu*T A xludios. WW Xltt 
MOIX Flrt<H arrinoro vrea^r 
Ol 99a *402 6226^ 


nusnnrai for KWf* 

■w^doe family. German lan- 

Omhina. IiqM tjonswtif fluliw 
Sd Sti Wta. I te enage girl 
Own room. TV. ImmedtMe 
Sari Reply Wx Gander a« 620- 
3601 offl , Jmrv 


Czechs saved | 

Moscow lUPl) - Peter Rosol 1 
saved toe world champions 
Czechoslovakia from another 

debacle at toe world »« hockey 

championships as he blast edm 
a power-play goal midway 
through toe final period yes- 
terday to salvage a 1-1 draw 
against Finland. 


the r^«. brgriytt. l*«»t n*tas 

stocking juvenile s*™™j r.r^t^iass same fishing nver. 


Zn^ST^ last y^’ 8 

£4 Bri^fog the Thames tack to 
a goes? salmon river, which rt 
j was before poUrtion J*!? 
the early IgOO^uamam^h 
task which, according to some 


a first-class game fishing nw, 
sack as the Kennet, a big 
Thames tributary, then natu- 
rally-bred salmon will b t une 
beam to compete in numbers 
with hatchery fish. That could 
he a significant breakthrough. 


um O W CORPU April 'Xtjy. | AU PAIR ACEUCY 

ui our rttrarttxr “iTfSornt Sir r«. London Wl 


pnen in our ara» u ' v 
\ ilLtv Rum P*n Holidays 

01734 U/dajri. 


B 7 ftewol SUfrt.LOhdon 

Trl **^3 iJtemBPrnt 

Abo m help* t™» verm 


UP UP & AWAY 


OVERSEAS TRAVEL 


couuiiiuii on nwtrt. f*rt» 

wtStS. L-SA A ma •‘^"’" 5 , 

IwroVSrtonxrt Trav ?i^n, , M 

yqg l ABTA IATA ATOL. 


Nairobi. Jo-Buf®. Cairo. Do- 1 

hai. bunbUl. SlDWWTC- Fv-L- 
Defti. ftuwkok. Hong koo*. 
Sxdnej. &repe. 4 T* 
AmcfkaL Fbmimp Trar^ 

3 New Quebec Sl MarK 
Arcb Lawton WIH IDO. 
01-402 9217/18/19 
Onen Satunta) 10.OD-I3.00 


EXPERIENCED 
VALET BUTLER 

Required for international businessman 
based in London. Must have excellent - 
e^nces which wiU be confirmed and be 
prepared for frequent overseas travel. Pre- 
ferred age 28-35. 

Telephone Mr ftedshaw on 042 121 4S2S 


7.30 unless stated 

FOOTBALL 

cnpvsrr ROVER TROPHY: Hoi Brent 

Souttiefn seeiton group match: P8W 
borough * AWerehot. 

GOLA LEAGUES Bungo m v Dart t qrd. 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE; Premier 

wataniaa v Fisher- HMwwi 

Btetan v H* dnw^ :Brgyor»Y&tttwt 

CoWfiaW: ReddSShv 

Belvedere. 

VAUXHALL*OPB- k«Sl£. Pl ^St ,S t 
rtskur OtAmch v Bogno c StauQb v 
Vfo rtreng: Sudan ^UMv figdort T°»g 
and MsStam v 8 nWS Sttrforojjw* 
dMdore BTOiTtey 9 ^SSSS!SfmSf « 

I BasAton ( 7 . 451 : tattonstona ewro 


TfinAY’S FIXTURES 

«j5Ki2!^:^SSK!SS: 


S^ausss 


ARMY M I HUHGBO W SEVEMfc FJetaV. 

rar^rounds (11.0): final rounds g*»K Anal 


Layton wmga» v 


Buxton. 


U 

OTNIRAL LEMt*: 

caste v Everest (r. ul 6 *«--~ r,- 

Srisssaatasana 

vale 


RUGBY LEAGUE 
SECOND OWtSOH: Bailey v Carttala; 
a pSa ni v Rochdale; Bramtoy v Mans- 
g^HudderefieldvKa^tay. 


SouBtempwn 




Crossderev 

Lame v Glenwren_(6*S). 


OTHER SPORT icyora noiaer nas oecn toro 

_ Ta ,.u iMhHhmori BMiMnn withdraw because of the 

EQUESTRIAN: WrafDrBad Buiwiton i^p, i M : n ;. IPU 

(ai Badmntan. Avon). tery leg liuury ■ 

S@S£?E3RSS Captain Palmer 


■ “It would be nice to run a East 
time," toe 1983 winner said >, 
vesterday. “But the main thing : 
is to get into the first four Or five v - 
and make the Commonwealth m , 1 
Games team.” 

With Chariie Spedding pre- 
selected. two Edinburgh places 
are still available and G ration's % 
chances have been improved by _■ 
Hugh Jones’s decision to com- "■ 
pete in the European champion- 
ships at Stuttgart rather than in 
Edinburgh. 

Gratton, who won a bronze 
medal in the last Common- 
wealth Games, has happily 
plumped for Edinburgh- “I pre- 
fer to run in the Commonwealth 
Games for three reasons."' he 
said. "It is at home, it will be 
cooler than Stuttgart which is 
likely to be hot and humid, and m. 
having got a bronze medal in ^ 
Brisbane ! want to dq better this 
time." 

The former teacher from 
Canterbury, aged 31, seems to 
have shrugged off toe back 
i problem which has affected his 
running for the past two years. 

Not so fortunate is Sarah 
5 Rowell, who finished second 
*- behind'Ingrid Kristiansen in tost 
year's race. The former British 
record holder has been forced to 
withdraw because of the mys- 
tery leg iryury . 


\ I \ 


Tn 


BatericayvChetostart- 


rugby union 


SQUASH RACKETS: Hi-Tech Spoils Srtt- 
■sh 00«n (« Dunrtngsn* SC). 

7ENHIS: BrUsti Homo Stores Cumtur- 
land Bjureannant tat Cumbartaid LTC. 


c, iiwnpstBad); M t em a tart spring circus 

CORNWALL CUP: CanUOn* * ” pm^uaMyMg (at Norwich lTC); 

teas (at Penzance. B-OJ- ^ 


The captain of the England B 
Rugby Union side to tour Italy 
next month will be Palmer, the 
“to centre, and not Salmon, 
the Harlequins centre, as stated 
yesterday. 






I sAj& 


mm 


. . .. j 

v -••• - 1 -dtfv-'.y-sW KTr-rs* ' 

r'-.tx- 











THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 17 1986 


SPORT 


37 


RACING: GREEN DESERT EARNS GUINEAS CHANCE WITH FREE HANDICAP VICTORY 


to pass 
examination 


£ 








i'» 


Dancing Brave; the ante- 
favourite, for this year's 
l Guineas since Tate 
Gallery's humiliating defeat at 
the Curragh last Saturday, is 
to put his own reputation to 
the test at Newmarket today in 
the Charles Heidsieck Cham- 
pagne Craven Stakes. 

1 Those who have plunged on 
Khafed Abdulla’s Unbeaten 
coit will he hoping to see a 
reassuring performance in the 
race which pointed to Shadeed 
winning the 2.000 12 months 
ago. Now the word from 
Puiborough, where Dancing 
Brave is trained by Guy 
Harwood, i$ that he has done 
everything asked of him at 
home and that they will be 
very surprised if be is beaten. 

Last year Dancing Brave 
was restricted to just two races 
in the autumn both of which 

0he won with the minimum of 

fuss. In the second, rim over 
today’s course and distance, 
incidentally, he had Jazetas 
four .lengths behind at the 
fioish-This spring Jazetas has 
paid his conqueror a compli- 
ment by winning both his 
races; but it is still hard to 
envisage faun getting his re- 
venge on Dancing Brave. 

with Eve’s Error, Faraway 
Dancer, IDuznineux, Sharrood 
and Siivino also all standing 
their ground, today’s race will 
tell - - US' a Jot more about 
Dancing Brave, while Far- 
away Dancer andTHumineux 
are also unbeaten. My iafor- 
°f motion is that Sharrood and 
Siivino are likely to form the 
nucleus of his opposition. 

Last autumn Siivino fin- 
ished third in the Royal Lodge 
Slakes and second in the 
Middle Park stakes, while 
Sharrood crowned a good 
season by winning a nursery at 
Newbury with 9st 91b on his 
back. But I am hopeful Dane- 


By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 


Derby. Twelve months ago 
you would have needed a 
crystal ball to envisage Sip 
Anchor winning atEpsom 
alter watching him finish only 
third behind Les Arcs and 
Esquire in this race, but that is 
racing for you. This time his 
trainer Henry Cedi is hopefbl 
of a more positive display 
from Winds of Light, who 
won his only race last season 
very easily indeed. But again 
his task is far from simple. 


Course specialists 


NEWMARKET 

TMM feftSjHCacl. 88 winners from SOS 

PMUotlS from 35. 14JV 
JOCKEYft S Cauthen, 70 wtrmere from 

CHELTENHAM 

THAlHHBfi: FWnter, 49 wmnars from 2*0 
n£ine^ 20 <%; F Walwyn. 32 Iran 174. 
TgffiSM cHor, 11 tom 6Z 17.7%. 
JOCKEYS: p Browne 8 Woners from 32 

PERTH ‘ 

"nWWBg JJWterson. 5 winners horn 8 
r unn ers. 62 . 5 %; Danya Smith. 16 from 51. 
32-Jfce Rkteards. 33 from 112. 2S-5%. 
JOOCETRfcJ J OTtoB 26 wbmere from 9* 
dabs. 27.7%; 8 Storey. 12 from 48. 25%. . 


lag Brave will pass his test 
Earlier u 




in the day the Gerry 
Feilden Slakes promises to be 
every bit as enlightening but 
with the slant this time on the 


Cliveden had good form last 
year - he finished third in the 
Coventry Stakes at Royal 
Ascot- before his season was 
cut sbort by a viral infection. 

Flying Trio did even better, 
winning three times in France 
and finishing second in the 
Criterium de Saint Cloud. 
This spring Tisn’t, son of the 
Hi-fitted Shergar, created quite 
a stir when he won at 
Kempton first time oul In the 
meantime Hello Ernani, the 
colt he beat, has run really wril 
to finish a close second in the 
Italian 2,000 Guineas. 

The Remy Martin Cognac 
Handicap looks a good oppor- 
tunity for Mick Naugbton’s 
versatile five-year-old The 
Clown to take full advantage 
of a light weight. Last season 
he was nothing if not consis- 
tent More recently he has 
shown his well being by 
running a cracking race over 


hurdles at Cheltenham. 

The day’s nap though goes 
on Alkaasefa to win the Krug 
Champagne Stakes. ' While 
conceding that the way that 
Nicky Vigors’s horses have 
been running this spring must 
be construed as an encourag- 
ing pointer to Manton Dan 
being hard to beat^ I remain 
convinced that the conditions 
of today's race look tailor- 
made to suit AJJcaaseh, who 
has dearly inherited plenty of 
speed from his dame Tige 
who is a full sister to those 
other fast horses Bitty Giri 
and Hot Spark. 

After finishing second to 
Dick Hern's Greenham accep- 
tor Wassl Touch at 
Goodwood, Alkaaseh then 
won his maiden at Yarmouth 
by half the length of the track. 
On the strength of that he was 
made hot favourite to win the 
Middle Park Stakes but in the 
event he could only finish 
fifth, nine lengths behind 
Stalker. Today's race repre- 
sents a drop in class. 

A study of the form book 
points to GUkiaa Moo going 
well in the Ladbroke's 
Boldboy Spruit Handicap car- 
rying only 7st 71b. First time 
out this season she was beaten 
only a length by King of 
Spades at Leicester at a differ- 
ence of Sib. Now King of 
Spades has to give her 241b. 
Careless Whisper, who will be 
all the better for her run at 
Haydock, and Young Jason 
are others that I expect to see 
figure prominently. 

At Cheltenham Simon 
Legree is taken to win the 
South Wales Showers Mira 
Handicap Chase. He has won 
over today’s course and dis- 
tance already this season. 
More recently he gave 
Ryeman a hiding-al Wetherby 
at a difference of only a 
pound. In the meantime 
Ryeman has won a difficult 
looking race at Ascot where he 
numbered Half Free among 
his victims. 


* 

• -t; 


CHELTENHAM BBC 


CUP 




Totevfead: 2L15. &5Q, &25. 
^ Going: heavy 


2.15 MINSTER LOVELL HANDICAP HURDLE 
(£3,111: 2m 4*>(20 runners) 

2 430T GOLD TYCOON J L Spearing 7-12-3 (Box). A Webb 


4.35 CUVE HUNTERS CHALLENGE 
(amatuers: £1 ,413: 3m 2f) (11) 

2 21-1 DESERT FOR RGFtesstf 8129 R Russes (7) 

3 -U21- BUOGAKTY (BKd O J Irinw-SnMi 

1 1 -128 Hu C Beasley (7) 

5 -221 MUNGQ0N BOV R Harvey 12-T2-6 G Oxley (rf 

6 0000 JACKDOn D Mchcban 14-1241 PMcMmpj 

7 4m LONESOME PARK 0$ Mrs A Mce 
1812-6 Mbs LWsflscn 


3 0022 tSMDWOMJLSpmng 7-122® ax) NCN«IW3» 
■3308 TCRm-ABHfq WWwion 7-11-11 SJODM 


8 11-0 FAST UDVEfyNJ Henderson 7-1 1-6. SSnBbEnta 

10 040 RECORD DANCER RAN A Gautoe 81 1-5 ^-D Browse 

11 HF2 PANTO PRMCE L GKenrard 871-0 B Pawed 

13 1400 PROFOUND A JM3kn8181L__^. MrBDo*Npg<7) 

14 0000 SOME HACHME (DID NteftOtewi 7-1811 R DuMMody 

15 4000 -COUNTYPUmi PH*»S0twF»-18-11- JOSBgMi I 


o -off ininrnnirr ir nuum 11 ir t? hmi 

11 -2P2 VILLAGE MARX D)JG Cam 12-12-6 _ CBrooka 

12 -0F0 ABSJVANTSIDWtara 5-120 BWragg 

14 1-2 GBBMLMBICiMNrGM Tm 6-120- H Fetal 

15 «00 FENNYWASTEGRoe 10-120 CUndn 

10 12- lAMCBIPJCortMn 9-120 AURWt 


17 3001 wucoiwra 

18 2/PP NATAKAZEGt 

i3 mm — 

21 0000 

27 403- 

30 OFOO C0M9B LAD R J 

31 -OOP FLOATING LOVER 


Evans ESogarty. 6-1 HKnadon Boy, 7-1 Ton Cherries, 8-1 
General M«32nt 181 VNagaMerk. 12-1 noun Fox, 


10 - 10 - 

WtarasMD*. 


, CCox 


MrBDaaOag 


8 


5.10 CHB.TENHAM JUVENHJENOV1G& HURDLE 
(4^oi £2^231: am> 

- 3 OH SIMBI REGAL piMnMRknaM 11-7 GMcOovt 

4 100 TALE (DA JGMaro 11-7 RRow* 

BENDKkS A Moore 11-0 _ G Moore 


8 4003 


32 P022 KWQHOui QUAY Lady Henries 8-100 Htkms 

33 -408 FWMCQNWCTlONUre J WomaQJB 

81G0OWaureMf(n 

34 %DP PONJOLA F J Vanity 7-180 RCraafi 


11 - 100 - 


CWMKteeB7-180 


S Eerie £4^ 


9 4444 BRONZE BF«Y M Henri*** 11-0. HrBDoaBngm 

10 . 00 CLBWONTLAlIEMTSMft-fl C Smith 


1200(1 e; 


12 

15 0*0 

16 0020 


JADE'S DOUBLE Ms B Waring 9-1041 . Qngi KUtft 


aasj 


Dancer. 


11-4 wad Com. 9-2 P8MO Pllnca. 114t_Gold Twocr. 13-2 

10-1 Roconl 


Fast Lady, GaBam Buck. 8-1 Kfeigfnfcn Quay, 
*r. 12-1 odMfs. 


3 DOreiVAlTS CHOKE BFJFWWBr 11-0 

n GALTBOO (USA) A J VUson 1 W) 

DUET AWAYH FRW 11-0 < 


PScodnora 

PRktadt 


■ 0 LVSAMDBI M TM& 114). 
ore SABJ0R8 REWARD JIM 
H samew REAPER T| 


114). 






11 - 0 . 


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E Bncfctay (7) 


0 

0 UZCT LOHGSTtXSQMG Ita J WtHWBOtt 


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108OW0nracoit(7) 




Cheltenham selections 

By Mandarin 

‘2.15 ishko*»»M>_ 2_50 Polar Sunset 3J25 Simon 
.'Legree. 4.0 Frenchmans Fancy. 4J5 Eliogarty. 
.5.10 Sierne. 5.45 Beech Grove. 6.15 Rymerstar. 
By Michael Seely 

.4.0 Corbitt Coins. 5.10 YALE (nap). 


54 Stoma, 5-2 Yala. 6-1 Super Read. B-1 Donovan's 
Choice. 14-1 Oat Awav & BandkMs, 20-1 ( 


Awav & Bendfcfcs. 20-1 Gabodo, 

5.45 AMATEUR RIDERS ASSOCIATION NH FLAT 
RACE (Divh £886: 2m) (30) 

1 BEECH GROVE TOTFOrsttr 5-1 1-13 .Mr LHmrtT} 
BROXTED SPAR wsJPtaan 5-1 1-8 Mg CwINAjMi ffl 

4 LORDY BOV DMCMson 5-11-8 SLovtayiTt 

LVNWOOO LAD G M PTic* 5-1V8 


[2.50 MAIL ON SUNDAY NOVICE 
-CHASE (£3599: 3m IQ (10) 


HANDICAP 


i 

5 

20 

21 

27 

29 

30 
34 
42 

44 

45 


0 OH SO STANLEY GFLMS-11-6- 


.*MrH Munis 

MCCiuM 


2 1221 SACR3) PATH O ?hen«Od6-1 V13 J6a4- COw« 


5 0P11 MBSTER J A 0W 6-1 1-0 <■ 
7 (®12 MffHRASWBfta0ce8-1fl 


0 P-P2 FLYWO 4AOCMW H O^WICMM — ROwreJ 
9 tFBF BUCKS 5-1 GM«W«! 

11 0434 fnZHERBEmLGKani^O-IM--... 

12 FW ROUGH KSralATC V H ^wp 10-1W). 

13FFIIP CAHTABILE Lady S BTOOkS 7-104- 


48 

50 

54 

56 

62 

65 

70 

77 

7B 


ovei THE StAMETEW Jonas 5-11^ 

0 PEACEFUL. MBKRLRsmsrt IM. Staytori 

RANOOLm PLACE G RWfflrts 5-1 1-8 — CDen*j 

2 1MEKULMK Bata 5-11-6 MaTWuy 

9 WARMOVfflraMroVMcKia 5-11-8. MBgBayj 

WOOOLAHPS AMAPBIS (Dr E ttaiw^W F^WWauM 

0 FREESTCPSJMBiatfcytll’t— 

GOOD LADY N Handeraon MM M Bwrthy Q 

LA BOLE HOSE G floe MM- — PMcOemiiBM 
MBS BACANDA J DMXW 5-11-1 — — - * Ha rt 
4- REGAL NOO R C Annymgo 5-11-1 Mn fl Aanyiage 0 
-0 SHaOETS LADY M PCB 5-11-1 J 


3 BAYSf-VAY G EmgtX 4-1 1-0 MrPMdMsi 

DUSTY PATROL JCOfctoo' 


14-11-0- 


Clhomacn 4-11-0. 


. larTTtaBUo- 


5-2 Sacred Pan 11-4 Fdar Sunset 7-2 Megter. 11-2 
■ Grteshu^MMawas, 12-1 Flipng Jackdaw, 14-1 oftars. 


b 3J!5 SOUTH WALES SHOWERS NBRA HANDICAP 
-. r*;i CHASE (£4355: 2m 4f) (8) 

- ^ 1 4010 HALF FRSJWMM FT Wnter 10-126 81 

t * : J hi - y 7 Pi Pi belghove lad tot a moo — . HD,W ” 

? ,-hnnb. B43BI MBTY PORT tt»TAForaw8-1M ^ftwoody 

*3 J J 1 *- ■ 10 -004 PAH ARCTIC TT BB 7-100 PWpHahta 


64 

07 

03 

89 

90 

91 
99 

100 

106 

107 


JUST BIST K WhH8 4-11-0 . 

MAMOIU BAY Mn J P4IW 4-11-0 

o mraULOWJ anon* 4-n-o — 
NOBLE STORM JBostey 4-11-0 — 
0 RAQ R Tlwaipson 4-llJ) — . — _ 
0 RIALTO BRCGEJMMorre 4-17^ 


»SBUt«nl 

4 WELL VHSm D Nrtntson 4-11-0 PdaomAaoa 

WLSANUIHW J Pnw 4-11-0^ AWcuffl 


0 POE1S DAY Mi* SOiwr 4-109 
0 RUBY FLIGHT R ECfctoy 4-189. 


. JaeqaOKvwi 




14 Pfl NQRD WNDBR TO D H Btaonh 8-106 (4ex)- 




20 2130 AUGIBA BOURA TO JTGatonl 10-100. EtaR*»W 


.way Fort. 6-1 

4.0 WESTBtN NOVICE HANDICAP HURDLE 

(£2,444: 2m 4!) (25) 

3 31 PEGWajLBAYT A Forta- 5-11-7-.^— 

7 "S 


12 3012 WHARRTBURH * 

'i k 


K Moonay 
PScadamm 
_ MRfcBHd* 
Rl 


9-4 Beech Grove, 11-2 Wei WUher. 8-1 Good Lady. 10-1 
Broxtod Spar. 12-1 The Kufe*, Regal Mod. 14-1 Mv KaakJofl. 

6.15 AMATEUR RIDERS ASSOCIATION NH FLAT 
RACE (Dw It £823: 2m) (30) 

2 9 A HT1C C HEF T M JonwMI jB MSM m 

3 BUtEUI KMB S Mata 5-11-6 — GLtata(7) 

4 BBOWN DOLPHtl J M BratSey 6-1V6. Mr J Oaboiane 

S2u»MIS Mrs MRknel 5-11-6- Mr M Piter (7) 

MAUNDY BOV hks V MclOa 5-11-6 ■ Botany 

aaaawiaaasgcaB 
: ss^BAsseatsf tsss 
SSSBS is»»sEn 

2 &ATA19irSAaYT Batoy 5-11-1- MrTTtaMoa 


7 

22 

23 


37 

38 

39 
47 


^ 15*^2 COOLSUN 

' jm. uimui 


52 

55 

61 


a 4091 ass WWRKSsssv- g 


19 POM 


20 0081 
21 0421 


LniLJsMYND G H J«»s7-1J^ 


K A Morgan 6-18-5 . S 





84 

67 

71 


BLE OF PANDORA N AW8 5-11-1 1 
ante fly mbs a Raww s-n-f 

RETFORD CHBtU F •toiSey S-11-1 . 

RUN ASHORE K WWW 5-11-1 

mnnsnn B PaDng 5-11-1. 


0 ABBA LAD Mr* J PDnan 4-11-0- 


DT«S 



aSSBBggSalB 


74- 

75 

76 
80 
Bl 
83 
05 
34 


BOOSTS SECRET Mrs A Pm MW. Mr S Sheehan 

0 SuOTER HARDWARE Mrs J Ptaar 4-11-0 S Sufcv f7) 
0 alaPLETOH WOFF E Wheater 4-11-0- A Uare (7) 

DASHALONG M Ofawr 4-11-0 MnC8lack(7) 

(aEBEROY J Cotton 4-114). 


CflANO BAW M Ml»Y4.11-0_— jfc8ftre6A8 


.14-11-0 MM MW* j 

1-11-0. 


3S JSSE 


0 sum rs GAMBLE Ml* JftWM 4-11-0 MCTCMMghW 
S^MOS ACE J Thome 4-109 HnJIbgAM 


7-2 Mr* tack. 9-2 Barge 

niD-1 Frencmnana Fancy- a 


0 GYPS OFT JPSfflflP 


PConigaa^ 
5-1 Chanar 


‘ Garotte, 0-1 
- Cow. 12-1 1 


Cedar, 

I Adrrarei, 16-1 ofiiara. 



Green Desert and Walter Swinbnrn storming clear in the Lad broke European Free 
Handicap at Newmarket yesterday (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 


Impressive Armada sails 
into Derby reckoning 


By John Karter 


While the heavens opened at 
Newmarket yesterday those in 
the know were foresakisg shel- 
ter to pour money on Khaled 
Abdulla's oniaced colt. Armada, 
both for the opening face of the 
programme, die Wood Ditton 
Stakes, and the Derby. And 
bookmakers took a doable soak- 
ing as the Gny-Harwood trained 
colt sluiced home to land the 
odds from 20 rivals and make 
those ante-post vouchers for 
Epsom look gilt edged. 

GreriHe Starkey always had 
Armada handily placed and once 
he had pushed the son of the 
Derby winner, Shirley Hi 
into the lead just over a fa 
from borne it was simply a 
question of bow far he woaW 
win. As it was, this million- 
guineas purchase looked a gift at 
the price as be strode dear by 
eight lengths. 

Hard-hit bookmakers reacted 
by slashing Armada's Derby 
odds — already shortened from 
around 50-1 in the morning — to 
as low as 14-1. Harwood was 
restrained in his enthusiasm for 
the colt, describing him as a 
“das* horse*' who wfl] need 
farther education in a modest 
race before he can be thrust into 
the trig time. On yesterday's 
showing, though, there can be 


little doubt that that is exactly 
where he is beaded. 

Bookmakers were much less 
impressed by the performance of 
another potential classic colt. 
Green Desert, who sectored his 
place in the 2,000 Guineas field 
next month with a smooth 
victory trader top weight in the 
Ladbroke European Free 
Handicap. 

Odds ranging from 20-1 to 33* 
1 are stilt freely available about 
Michael Stome's handsome bay. 
despite the trainer's own early- 
concealed optimism. Smote had 
been extremely worried by the 
softened ground and even 
considered withdrawing Green 
Desert, hot after the colt had 
convincingly outpaced Sperry 
and Pilot Jet, Smote announced 
that he was extremely keen to 
run him in the 2.000 — in which 
Maktoum Al Maktoam, the 
owner, could also be represented 
by Jareer and Lead On Time — 
and that be had no doubts about 
him staying the extra foriong. 

As far as the older genera Don 
were concerned, the star of the 
afternoon was dearly Supreme 
Leader, who stormed back In 
form with a sparkling defeat of 
the outsider Field Hand in the 
Earl of Seftoo EBF Stokes. 

Having finished third to 


Shadeed in the 2.000 Guineas 
and fourth in the Derby. Su- 
preme Leader then rather lost 
his way in the second half of last 
season. Clive Brittain, the 
trainer, blames himself for that, 
saying that be sbonkl have 
rested the horse for three 
mouths after the Derby instead 
of persevering with him when be 
was obviously not 100 per cent. 

Now. baring pot on 90 kilos 
(faring the winter and come right 
back to the bonny little racing 
machine he looked early in IMS, 
Supreme Leader, who is closely 
related to Pebbles, will follow a 
similarly ambitions programme 
to Brittain's champion filly. 

When asked if this meant that 
Supreme Leader could dash 
with Pebbles, Brittain replied 
that he regarded both horses as 
champions and that it would be 
nice to keep them that way. He 
explained this by indicating that 
the colt was more likely to go for 
races over a mile, with the 
Trust bonse Forte Mile at 
Sandown Park next week his 
next likely target. 

Pebbles will reappear at 
Loogchamp on May 4 in the 
Prix Ganay, provided the 
ground is reasonable. She will 
then tackle the Eclipse Stakes 


Newmarket results 

Qoing: good w salt 

p-Y-Qc 


2D WOOD HTTON STAKES 
£5400:1114 
ARMADA b c by SNrtoy Hoighte-fl (K 
Abdta) 9-0 G Sttrttay (*~5 taw) 1 

Dam Siw be by Kris-Pampered Dancer (K 
AttMtejW»P«Eddwyif0-1) 2 

Tap DabutaM b I by MonttwA- 
Vgjuely Dob (T Tok Tan) 8-11 T Nos ^ 

ALSO RAN: 8 Dntoa, 10 Hawanler (4th). 
12 BjoWo, Jaryan. 16 F«ar fiaata 
20Piasna Malta (50i), 25 Boau Snar. 33 
Btan Dorado, Fly My Star. Nawoh. Pans- 
Hri, Pogmartne. Sriatpono. SuWnarV. 
BaoiaqnL Mwiossana Doncw, Mona Ltea 

r 20 ran. NR: Amaad. Pots Marati. 8L 
i*l. 1 KL IXTg Harwood al 
PUborough. Tote VWm £220. Ptag»: 
£1*0.12.10. £Sm DR £7-30. CSF: 
£1039. 1 mn 4232 sac. 


4^40 EBF BARTUDW MAIDEN FBJJES 

STAKES p-Y-G EL51&- 5 1) 

REGENCY RLLE or 1 by Tanfirion - 
Regency Gbl (CT Uruwy) 8-11 R 
Cocnrane (7-2) 1 

Stay Low eh f by Tina's B«- Pickled (G 
Blum) 8 11 G DutfieKl(33-l) 2 

Badwnal eti I by Sauce Boat - 
Process Fogar (R Ssigster) 8 11 B 
Thomson (5-1) 3 

ALSO RAN: 54 lav Naturally Fresh (4th). 
11-ZOir PW. 8 Flapper GW, 14 Top And 
Ta4 (6ttiL Tbonw Jay (5th), 33 Game 
Lipm. Revetew. 10 ran. hd, 2fcL nk, 41. 31. 
R J WBiams at Newmarket Tots war. 
£5.30. Places: £210. £650. £240. DF: 
£18240. CSF: £90.39. 1 mn 06.08 sec. 
Jackpot not won. Ptarapot £11820 


Perth 


Gokw Good to Soft 

215 (2m hdle) 1. Jura* (D ContttL IB-1 h 
2 Mats Mam ffl-1): 2 Carbngtond Lough 
(1ML Dr. Gdotine 4-1 lav. 12 ran. NR: 
Son Of Manada 1KI, 3L J Mitcnefl. Tate: 
£70 60. £21 20. £1.10. E&82I OF- £152.70. 
CSF- £136.12 Tncast £1 J23.30. 

245 [2m eh) ! . Aden's Boy (C Cowley. 9- 
21 . 2 Vaiermnos Joy (8-1); 3. Moonumlng 
(1S-1) High Drop 7-4 lav. ip ran 2SL3l.fi 
Francaa. Tote: £4.10: £120. £3.10, £3.70. 
DF- £4060 CSF: £3758. 

815 (3m KM) l.wa-Toi (Mr S Woods. 6- 


£270. £210. DF: £26.70. CSF: E44.41. 
Tncast £275 65. 


Cheltenham 


3.45 (3m ch) 1._PROPS OTOANDY ^ 


Gokipr heavy 
230 


235 APRS. MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-0: 

£3,060 1m 4f) 


ch) 1. ROADSTER 


V 


Banon. 7-4 fav). 2 LMe Fiencmun (7- 
3. Stem valley (9-2). 7 ran. a, 8L J 
Edwards Ton: £210: £1-40. £290. DF: 
£3 80. CSF: £804. 


UUBAARiS oh c by HeOo Goroeous - Molt 
^AMdataoum) M Paul Eddery (10- ^ 

Jumbo HH ch c by The MlnsM - Exit 
SmUnfj (SheMi Mohammed) WJ B 


P«y^.3-ip^ivt2Namn Cross (J 
J O'Neil, 7-1); 3. St Ymam (B RoweU. 11- 
1). ALSO RAN: 3 jJ-bw Bedswonn Boy 


4.15 (2m hde)_ 1 . MARTIAN BABY ^|jC 


Hawtans. 4- IF 2 Lolas Dream (25-1): 
Ooubdessja- ' * ~ 


thamaxi'(1l-2) 2 

Wetah Baron b g by Watah Pageant- 
Rom Arbour (Sonel Ftnanoa Ind 94) S 
Camhen (T4-1) 3 

ALSO RAN: 15-8 lav Solvent (5th). 7-2 

VMKwyn at LanUxxan- Tote wm: £950. 
Places £260. £220. DF: £1680. CSF: 
£54,14. 2 mm 49.14 sac. After stewards 
inquiry result stands. 

3.10 LADBROKE EUROPEAN FREE 
HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £22292 7f) 


7-2 Hazy Sunste (6 16 Shrewd 
. ator (pul. 25 Feanass imp 14th), 33 
Reflat Pleasure (pu). 8 ran. 3L «. 15L C 
Nash « Wantage. Tore: £3.00; £160, 
£150, £1/40. DF: £9.00. CSF: £2007. 


__1). SpanshReei3-llav.il 

ran 4(. ica. S Leadbeuer. Tote: £350; 
£240. £490. £1590. DP £1600. CSF: 
E86.27. 


445 (2m ch) 1. DENMS AUBURN (C 


Cowtey. 17-4/; 2 a nay Man (11-6 lay); 
Park Tower (10040L 6 nan 121. 3). R 


35 (3m 21 ch) 1. CHARTER PARTY (P 
Scudamore, 11-4 lav); 2 Pl u ndering (S 
Sherwood. 9-1* a G Men Frtatf (G 
McCoUL 5-1). ALSO RAN: 7-2 Wan 
Trappe (f). 5 Catch Phrase law). 25 Master 
Tercel (pul 33 Saundera (4th), 50 tntecra- 
6oo (pul Cobtey Express (5th). 9 ran. NR 
BeauT Ranger. 20L i2i. 13, (SSL D 
Nicholson at Srowovmo^Wold. Tow 
£3.00: £1.80, £210. £1.20. DF: £1396 
CSF: £2196 Tncast £7496 


Francis. Tow £3.16 £3.46 £1.10. DF: 
£2.60. CSF: £892 

Ptscepot nor won 

■ Yesterday's Ripon meeting 
was called off because the course 
was waterlogged. 


NEWMARKET C4 


Teteviswfc 2^5, 3.10, MO, 4.10 
Gomg: good to soft 


2J0 GERRY FEILDEN STAKES (3-Y^ E9, 785:1m If) (11 nmnem)^ 

TQwaii 

^ G Sterner 7 
J Raid 10 


101 

ICC 

105 

1D6 

108 

103 

110 

111 

112 

115 

116 


210103- aY1NGTRniFW(^eeur»jLCiJr«i4P«W 

I BoucneO J WWer 9-1 

jPumoslC Bream S-l — 

(PWawynB-l _, 


2132 

31- HAPPY 
00414- MY TON TON 
132- PUUD (AOteray 
14- SHAHAABIUSA 
t winds of uca 
3- FESTIVAL CITY. 

33- SHB6 (Si*w Monammid) 
THRS TWES A LADY “ 


r ^/ISSSfS2S 


„ p Rabtnon 8 

pbmbmwJ 

W Ryan 11 

SCautben4 

BThomsonfi 


MRSantteuroS 
. PCook 1 


S-2 Ten t. 100-30 Ry^Tno. 4-1 Winds Of UBOL W ShW- ^ 10-1 


Snphaas, 14-1 Festival i 


-1 othera. 


Newinarket selections 


By Mandarin _ „ 

10 Winds Of Light 135 The Clown. 3.10 Dancing Brave. J.4U 
ALKAASEH (nap). 4.10 Glikiaa Meu. 4.40 Retrieve. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
10 Winds Of Light. 2.35 Pubby. 3.10 Eve's Error. 3.40 Alkaaseh. 
4. 10 Glikiaa Mou. 4.40 Night Out Perhaps. 

Michael Seely's selection: 2.35 The Clown 


235 REMY MARTIN COGNAC HANDICAP (£3,002: 1m 4f) (10) 

01221- SAFE RIVER (USAKD) (S ftaAolfl L Cunaro 4-9-10 

IQ004-0 EVROS iMra H Cambsius) John FitzGerald 4-M — " ? 


I jotnsonS 


201 

20 £ . __ 

203 131240- ABSENT LOVS1 (F YarjSffyi F rmuer S-9-4 — 

2£M 20(3202- AYUESRELD (A ««) A Hda 5-9-3 

2te <20-030 JOLTS GJRL (BR (M»S M Bywi) M Ryan 46-1 — 

20b 900020- WITCHCRAFT (£MoBen G Wtom <-8-l3. - . 

207 012JO- TOUCHEZLEBOtS(M Jertur^O Tompiona 5-8- 12 RC«Anna7 

208 001309 WESTRAT (USA) (J Bggsj H MoteWtaJ *6-11 uSSESt 

208 213310- PUBBY ID) (A MomsMlJTcte 56-2 HWWJ 

210 122200- THE CLOWN (FRXD1 (G OeenwooC) M Naughton S-7-6 JLOM* 


P Brett (7) T 

p Ra biM B n ID 
Pr Eddery 6 


(FRKDl 

3-T The Clown 4-1 Jobs Grt Sale River, 5-t Weatray. 5-1 Evros. B-1 Absent 
Lover. 10-1 mnere. 

FORM: SAFE RIVER l9-3)«on 31 Horn Valadon (B-1 1) 11 ran. Redcar 1m6i Sta good to 
firm Sen 28 ABSENT LOVES (9-10) 6th beaten 41 to Honeyttew Woncter (8-7j 9 ran. 
Windsor 1 m 3t h cap good July 22. AYLESFIELD (9- 7| 2nd beaten sn no to K-Badery r(8- 
13) 13 ran. Radear 1m21h capgtwd to soft May 27. WTTCHCRAFTiB-0) 5m beaten fill 
to Rostova (613| B ran Newmarket 1m 4f ' “ ‘ " 

unpiacec to Love Waved m (7-4) 17 ran 
PUBBY (8-7) 10th to Gepard (8-3) 16 ran Hayoock .... 
ham rxjrdbng. (7-51 7lh to Can Von (7-10; 10 ran Doncaster >m 41 n cap good to lirm Sep 
13. 

Selection: AYLESFIELD 


xm M ay it. WienWVT W-OJ am D»aimi i J VI 
1 4t neap good to firm Ocl 18 WESTRAY (9-1 1) 
m Nottngnam 1m 61 h cap apod K) soft Apr 7. 
in Hayoock 1m 41 soft Oct 17. THE CLOWN fit 


3.10 CHARLES HE1DS1ECK CHAMPAGNE CRAVEN STAKES (Group 
lit 3-Y-O C & G: £15,400: 1m) (11) 

11- DANCING BRAVE (USAKC-Q) « AtxVAr) G Harwood 6-7 G Starkey 6 

112- EVE'S ERROR |Sne*n Monammed) M Suuw 6-7 W R Svimtium 7 

111- FARAWAY DANCER (USAXD) |P Bumte) M Caoi 8-7 SCmmvwll 

1- BJJUKnsuc (C) Ittakkum Al Uaktoumi V Anna 6-7 Paul Eddery 1 

4-11 JAZETAS ID) iG Coeval N Caaagruw 8-7 — Pat Eddery 3 

222-0 LIAM | J Fsnar) M fhran fl-7 P RoCmson 2 

2211- UaSWOUR (USA HD) (Pmce A Salman) M Caen 6-7 W Ryan 9 

30-0 PODEROSO (Mrs a u&iost a Bo&s 8-/ MNMter5 

Dili- RESOURCEFUL FALCON |P Monk) P Main 6-7 . T Orm 8 

01111- SHARROOD IUSA) iSrw«n wonammedi W nem 8-7 W Canon 10 

31032- SLVMO (UIAJ(C] (Mrs E Moran) B HRs 6-7 BrtKM»on4 

6-1 Dancuw Brave. 4-1 SnarrooO. 5-1 Faraway Dancer. 15-2 Eve's Error, 12-1 
Sivmn 16-1 Resourceful Falcon. lUummeux. 20-1 enners. 

FORM: DANCING BRAVE p-|^wwi_2SI_ from^ Normem Amatnyst^ (5-11) _11 ran. 


306 

307 
300 

309 

310 
3U 
312 

317 

318 

319 

320 


Newmarket tm steshrmNov i 


23 ran Newmarket : 


(tomSnaiy 
Moonstruck . 

trom Sirh (6-ii) t ran. Goodwood lm stKs good 
won sitM from Wtvta Ska 17-7] 23 


k(9% 

3-11)7 


*S ERROR (9-0) 2nd oeaten 2%i to Flash Ol Steel 19- 
AY DANCER (9-2) won 71 from Tur- 
MINEUX I 


-0) 

0) 8 ran. Curragh im good to soft Oct 12 FAflAW 
- • oodtofr 

sns good Oct 4. JAZETAS (9-^won nk from 


mane (8-l1i 6 ran. Sanoown im sms goon to farm Oa 14. ILLUMlNfEux (96) won 
71 sns 


9 ran. Nottmgnam im arks' soft Apr 7. MASHXOUR (8-11) won 27.-I 
' i firm J 


to firm Sep 14. RESOURCEFUL FAL- 
ran Doncaster 77 ft cap soft Nov 9. 


CON (9-1) won s 

SHAfHtOOO (9-9) won r* from Homand Cmeftam (B-i3) 12 ran. Newbury 7| n cap good 
Sea 20. StLV1NO(9-0) 2nd Deawn 2v>i to Staner (9-0) 6 ran. Newmarket 61 stks good to 


Sep 20 
lint) Oct 5 
Selection: SlLVINO 


3.40 KRUG CHAMPAGNE STAKES (3-Y-O: £2,944: 6f) (4) 

401 210- ALKAASEH (D) (H Al-Maktajm) H Thomson Jones 9-6 

002 012- MANTON QAM (OjfG TacA) N Wn 9- r .. 

405 0120- HOME RULE (FRHDllJ Wenmonful 

406 120400- MUMMY'S SECRET (Ht)(A I 


AMwray* 

PCook 2 


Pat Eddery 3 


McCormack 6-13 

G Pracmro-Goroon 6-13 _ G Duffaeid t 
11-10 Ahaaseh. 2-1 Manton Dan. 7-2 Home Rule. 61 Mummy's Secret. 

FORM: ALKAASEH (9-0) Sift beaten 9 to Siafker (9-016 ran. Newmarket & stks good to 
firm Oct 5. MANTON DAN i8-6) 2nd Dearan i ’-,i to Cyrano oe Bergerac (9-1 1)10 ran. 
Newmarket 6t n'cap good tofrm Oct 17. home Ruti i9-3) »m waian over 71 to Loft 
Boy [8-1) 13 ran. Kempton 61 n cap soft Mat 29. MUMMY’S SECRET (B-4) unplaced 10 
Cyrano de SwgfNjyiHi; 13 ran. Newmarket 51 ft cap good Oct 3. 


4.10 LADBROKES BOLDBOY SPRINT HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £4,760: 6f) 
(IS) 

24413-0 OUARRW1LLE (A Reynofefel K Brasmy 9-7 R MBs 5 

31140- TURJH (USAUD) |H AHAaktoum) A Stewerr 96 RCeteMtS 

1300- OH BQVAR (Mary Lady Osooma) J SutcMte 94 Pal Eddery 3 

3114- SXEEB (USAKO) iMantoum Al Maraxim) M S» wh 93 — WR8wmbwn12 

2013-1 KING OF SPAB6S (D) (Avon mousmas) N 9-3 PCook 9 

321203- COLWAV COMET pi) (Ccfway lyres Ltd) J W Wans 9-3 Tl*e#4 

329-310 VAGUE LASS lJ Rosa) WHasings-BaB& 9-0 Rtinu(3)10 

3002-11 TAMMOA (D)(S Sqwres) M Tonpwts 96 (7sv) R Cochrane 15 

010-3 CAiffiL£SSWt«PER(LareUanhew8)IMannBws60 — , W Woods (3) 11 

422100- HBJUNE (A Fkm) J VWnter 7-10 RFoiS 

40011-0 YOUNG JASON (CYD) (J Swift] G Lewis 7-9 M L Themes 14 

000-0 MAJOR JACX0 U Hcrmn) R Hannon 7-8 D McKay 1 

000- TOPEKA EXPI^SS lUSAJJS Yu) R AnnfflranQ 7-8 RStflS 

00030-1 EXAMINATION (B)(u) [T Ramsden) A Bariey 7-6 (7«) — 2 

2F00-2 GUKIAA MOU (me A Ifemos] R Boss 7-7 S Damon (3)7 


501 

502 

503 

505 

506 

507 
510 
5n 

512 

513 

514 

515 

516 

517 

518 


100-30 Examination. 4-1 Taranga, 11-2 Kings Ol Spades. 13-2 GUdao Mou. 0-1 
Tututu Oh Boyar. 10-1 Cotway Comet. 14-1 Quarryvde, 16-1 others. 

FORM: QUARRYV1LLE (94J) 5th beaten 91 » Com Street (94J) 14 ran. Chepstow W h esp 
Soft Apr 10. TUFUH (9-1J 7th beaten over 81 to Toucfl Of Grey (7-12) 10 ran. Ascot 61 
to (nm Sep 26. OH BO YAR (8 -11) eth beaten 6%i to Hallgote (8-1 1) 12 ran. 
to soft Aug 2i SKEEB (8-1 1)4th beam Slu Mummy sFovountp 


York 


stks good to soft Aug 
1 0) won KINO OF SPADES 16- 


(8-1 1)4th beaten 51 to Mianrny s Favounte (8- 
9)3mDaaten3L5raii Lacesier 61 stks tern Oa2l. KING 


OF SPADES MWM^lCy won II hum GLIKIAA MOU (8-5) 8 ran. Lecester 61 stks soft 


Mar 24. CQLWAY 
h 


10. Ti 


Selection: OH BOYAR 


i) beaten 19.1 to Chore Mnor 
1(9-31 won 2Ri(rom2Mrrom 
NATION (8-3) won 31 rromGor . . 

UHtan 5>yL 7 ran. Haydock. 6t H'cap gooo to soft Apr 9. 


7 ran. York 61 
(8-81 6 ran. 


Ayr fit sties 0000 to Mft Apr 7 EXAMINATION (8-3) won 31 iramGowen Gutter (7-6) with 
CARELESS WHISPER (9-1) 3ra 


4.40 ROWLEY MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: C&G: £3^52: 71) (17) 

MA (CAN) 
tG.fi Sak 
NORTH ftj 
(USA) (Ml 

GES QUAY (J Homan) 

RtFWIACtorel BH4s 
OPPORTUMTY (BF) (S 


601 

602 

605 

606 
607 
609 
810 
611 
612 

613 

614 

615 

616 
617 
616 
819 
621 


(Sheten Mohammad) L Cimara 90 R Guest 13 

Salman) u Prescon 90 G Duftad 5 

— W Canon 15 


ALB«SHAAMA| 

AUCTION THffil 

2330- EXCLUSIVE NORTH (USA) |Dr C Li) R Armstrong 98- 

2- TOST DBS (USA) (M ftadan) M Snim 90 WRBmbumlO 

000- GEORGES QUAY (J Htnen) R Hannan 90 A McGtana 2 

HABBl (Fin (A Ctore) B H4 b 90 MWtel4 

4-2 LOST OW’OBnP87Y(BF)(Sne*hlU AISabaft)BHanDu»y 90. GBaner4 

0- MQHT OUT PBWAPS (E Mofleri G Wragg 9-0 P Robraon B 

ON WATBt (B Kaggas) M Prescott 90 C Nutter 1 

0- PENWARD (USAljK AOduSa) J Tree 9-0 Pat Eddery 3 

0- PERSIAN BMACT pvks B Atenanom p WaMyn 90 ProlJEddwryT 


PERSIAN BALLET plfts B Ataxanden I 
RETREVE (Mrs F Alan) W Jaw 90 . 

ROYAL TROUBADOR (USA) (H Swgsar) B Wte 90 . 

an) A Stew 


SCndhen 9 


SAHRAAN (Maktoum 

00- STAR SH»tRg^^*raSPOwn)G Le«6 90 


i Ai Maktoum) A Stewart 9-0 . 


0 THE LOCATE STAR P Ste) P Mastsro 90 
WILL WOOD g HoneywooQ) M Tompkins 9-0 . 


.B Thomson 11 
... M Banner t7 
. P Wautron 16 
. T iMtojns 12 
r6 


11-4 Penward, 100-30 First Orbs. 5-1 Retrieve. 7-1 Royal Troubador. 10-1 Night 
Out Perhaps. 12-1 Exlusrve Nortn. Haber. 16-1 Sahraan. 20-1 ertnere. 




Courier [Maktoum All 
RSwmbum (11-2) 


Bastard. H- 


Ch c by StantanJ-Ructiouo (Y 

11 Pair 


Nasflj) S-ll Paul Eddery (B-1) 

PM JM ch c by Hot ^ark-captive 
Rower (Tedwood Ltd) 8-I0R Cochrane 
(5-1) 3 

ALSO RAN: 9-2 tav Fbuz (4th), 5 Luna BkL 
7 Netws Wizard. 8 Top Rider (5m). 12 
BridesrnaicL 8 ran. NFL Mnsky. IL2KL 7L 
KL4L M Stouts at Newmarket. Tote Wbi: 
E flQft Places: £2-00. £3J0. £1J0. DR 
£2580. CSF: £44.23. 1 mm 32.38 sec. 


140 (2m hdle) 1. ATRARBATES (S 
Sherwood. 7-1 p-favj- 2. Thre* Ster (M 
Pitman, B-1); 3. Damsh Raw (M Dwyer. 
16-1). 4 Easier Festival (M Bastard. 11- 
n ALSO RAN: 7 tt-tav Honeygrove 
Banker. Jknsmtww. 12 HopatU Wsaon. 
14 Dad's Gamble. Su Shot (5m), 
Teletrader. 16 One Far Mmnmy, 
.25 CeltK Ftsme. 


Tarconey. 20 Drytehead. 25 Celtic Rama. 
Marsh King, 33 Kouros. Rlnus. 50 Hartey 
(6thL 250 Grey Tornado. 19 ran. Wt 
Lafosse. Silver Keys. Trout Angter. 2L W. 

-■ "W 


1»i. ikl 3i O Sherwood at 
Lamboum. Tow £720: £220 . 

£3 .BO. £2.10, DF: £31.10. CSF: ES53& 
Tncast £79632. 


3M EARL OF S8=T0H EBF STAKES 
(Group Ht £22.794: Im II) 

SIBmaC LEADER b c by Bustino- 


Prtncesa ZanB^apt M Lemos) 4-8- 


10P Rottnson( 


Bate Hand che by Crofter-Audrev Joan 
(R Sangaer) 4-8-10 B Thomson (14-1) 2 


CIS (2m 41 Ch) f. ARCTIC STREAM IK 
Mooney. Wh 2, Rig Steel (A Gorman. 20- 
1): 3. Berfln (D Browne. S-4 lav). ALSO 
RAN:8 Lanyi) (puL w Broad Beam (ML 
5 ran. NR: Glen Road. 151, 7L dtet F 
Wahnyn at Lamboum. Tote: £230; £1.50, 
E2J0. DF: £11.60. CSF. £1865. 


a b c fay Mr Pmspector- 
Batucada (K AbduBa) 4 -0-1 Pat feddery 


(84 bv) a 

ALSO RAN: 8 Engtteti Spring (4th), 12 
Celebrity, pnardanw. 16 K-Battary (5th), 
20 LigMTmg Dealer, Bu Reef (5<nL Line 
Of Rra 10 ran. NR: Les Am. 3I.6L (H, nd. 
nk. C Bnaan at Newmarket. Tote WArt 
£420. Paces: £1.70. £4.00, £120. OF: 
£44.70. CSF: £4442. 1 ran 59.K sac, 


450 (2m hefle) 1. HARRY'S DOUBLE (C 
Cox. 6-4 to): 2. Yeoman Broker 
Murphy. 15-27. (0 

Skynne. 14-11. ALSO RAN: 7-4 Juven 
Lnit (5th). 25 Swmoon Boy (6th). The 
Lords Tawrrwr jpuX 33 Aston Bank. 
Paddy’s Dream (4m). Sftowgo. Soecnu 


Ventura. 66 Dancer te Pans. Donpeny. 

npress (pu). 


Fleet Bay. Jonx. Brave Empress 


4.10 ABERNANT STAKES (£7509 71) 
HOMO SAPEN fa C hy Lord Gavl^Bold 
Caress (Mrs M Norm*) 4-6-2 5 
Canteen (7-1J 1 

Grey Desire or ft by Habat - Noddy 
Time (M Bmtmn) 6 9 12 K Dariey (S-4 
fay) 2 

One ENmpatte* b l by Ypratg Genera- 
tion - Nan Feme (Mrs A Mumae) 4-0-6 
M Mtitet (12-1) 3 

ALSO HANJ 4 (Xbjoye (Blh). 5 »• Eyed 
Boy. 12 Pnra» RwnoMte), 20 Cragme. 
25-1 Pohkrstis @h). 33 Ateka. 9 ran. HI. 
1SH. 31. 0, 41. H Cool at Newmarket Tote 
win: £150. P»oas: £1.30, £1.40. £130. 
DF: £4.70. CSF: £17.13- 1 min 1659 sec. 
After a stewards inquiry result stands. 


RjrrtjRee (puL 16 ran.2Vri.lpi, W.lSL 


Tota £2.70: £150. 
£6.70. CSF: £12-77. 




£2.10. DF: 


525 On hdle) 1. HALFORD LAD 
wane. 14-1): 2. Cage Time (C Cw. il- 
3. The Sttnw (G landau. 33-1k 1 
Prince’s Drive (R Duhwooay. 12-iLA^O 
RAN: 7-2 (3v Cakra (DJ Jftws Cbisge 
Boy. 10 Wye Lea i6th>,_l2 Topftams 
Tavems. Menoaieak (I). 
Banooiero(5m). 14 Kmsbooma Lad (f). 16 
TtetMHand. Indiana Dare. 20 La Sannote, 
33-1 S0B8 And Smpes. Hand Me Down, 

Uttte London. »4entoto (^Jlmpanaa. ffl 

fteL NR: TOnsof Bono. 151. SL 10. )M 
R Hawker at Otwerttti^Tote: £1420: 

f?gn, £1 60, tSST E3J0 DF: C2SJ0. 

CSF: £3B£l . Tricast £2^09 7& 

Placepot £45-50 


PERTH 



SOUDN BRIG D RoOerisoi 7-10-12 _ Hr D Rofaeftron 

ZIO PEPPiMQ 1 Crag 5-10-12 5 qnarfton 

TMA'S BRG W McGrve 5-0-17 C Hawkins 


Going: good to soft 

2.15 BREAD ALBANE NOVICE HURDLE (£685: 2m) 
(16 runners) 

4 F BURMSWARK C Psrker 5-10-12 S Turner (7) 

5 340P DOUGHTY REBH. 4 Scon 5-10-12 B Storey 

6 «m GONE WTOI TIC VET JMJeHWSDn 7-10-12 MHO (7) 

7 002 GREB) (B) H Alexander 5-10-12 — 

8 JUMPEREATEH Mss Z Green 5-10-12 — Mr L Hudson 

9 OOP XffT ON ICE JSVWSon 5-10-12. 


CGram 


10 D-P0 WQHTY SUPREMO (USA) J Mftdtell 

5-10-12 DCoodefl (7) 

12 0104 PRDICEOBBtON(B)R Alan 5-1 0-12 BKotonea 

160U40 nCVEUO ID Jordon 6-10-12- G Martin 

17 0FP W0NDB1NOT D MoftSti 6-10-12 KT **E 

16 FERREROROCHERWMcGftBS-IO-7MrKAnaeraon(7) 

19 PPP0 GOLD PROFIT W G Young 810-7 D Nolan 

20 0040 MB8 WOODY JSHakJane B-lO-7 Rif* 

21 -P03 MOLLY CAREW S Leacbetur 6-10-7 JJCTNeN 

22 0 SEA CRACKER G RchBfds 6-10-7 PODonnel (4) 

23U000 WARRIORS SONG (^ Mas I BeC 6-10-7 Pluck 


2-1 Asnbender. 3-1 General Chandos. 4-1 Remainder Wyn. 
3.45 CHARLES CAMPBELL MEMORIAL 
HANDICAP HURDLE (£860: 2m) (8) 

2 00-0 MARK EOEL6QN (C-D) J M JeKareon 9-11-9 MWI(7) 

3 OP- FLflNG SQUAD (W Mrs JGooOtdow 810-9 JKKinsiie 

4 2021 MPECUWOStTY <D1 jSWrtscn 4-1M ..CGram 

5 2123 DOWEGiAN (D) M T Bowker 9187 J J OriteJ 

6 0003 CM MAI fflkOlJ Norton 8187 Mr 5 Wooes (7) 

8 0100 IWCEOltOVE |D) D Mohan 8183 KTeeten 

9 4-00 BRKUANT FELLOW (D) P Monwte 810-0 ... D Nolen 

12 0000 NORWHSTU(D)T Crag 8180 SChaitton 


Chi Mai. 


Evens tmpocuntosiry. 81 Dowegan. 4-1 Mark Edelson. 9-2 
i. 81 Pnceohove. 181 


others 


Perth selections 


180 Gone With Trie VeL 81 Doughty RefieL 4-1 Kept On 
Carew. 181 Greed. 12-1 Prince Oberon, 


By Mandarin 

2.15 Molly Carew. '2.45 Duncombe Prince. 3.15 
Ashbender. 3.45 Impecuniosity. 4.15 Primrose 
Wood. 4.45 Chipped Meial. 


Ice. 81 Mo*y Carew, 

2.45 CRIEFF NOVICE CHASE (£808: 3m) (8) 

2 3223 DUNCOMBE PRMCE J M Jeflsrson 7-11-7 . S Chariton 

3 UW» POM H«L(D)H Franca 811-7 


4.15 STRATH EARN HANDICAP CHASE (£1,274: 
2m 4f) (6) 


R Crank 


4 33P3 SHMNGI 


I (C-D) H W Johnson 

11-1 1 -2 Mr P Johnson (7) 

6 32P- HOLD OFF (B) MISS H Hamritan 81 1-0. TGDwi 

8 22P0 PRINCE SWEET GRaharos 811-0 — 

10 (MOO VtUUOt 0 Uoftaft 811-0 


3 1120 PtateKWOOO^GRdw^^^ 
iPCaivet 12-11-2 AStmger 


5 1240 FOGGY BUOY 


DCoakley 
KTe 


6 1134 RMG-LOU 
8 0000 GEARY8 


J Ettwaros T1-11-1 P Barton 

(D) Daws Smaft 

8114K Grant 


11 4330 BAieiOWBtJWi JKffli»w8lM — JKKinan* 

12 PO- BLENCATHRATD Dun 1 1-189 RLanb 

7-4 Duncombe Prince. 81 Bannow Burn. 81 Pnnco Sweet. 

81 Poor Hal 181 How OH. 181 omers. 

3.15 BREAD ALSANE NOVICE HURDLE (£685: 2m) 
(13) 

2 3010 WALLS83E HARBOUR T E Jeffrey 

S-JItBStT Jeffrey (7) 

3 0002 REMAMOBt WYN M Bowker 811-3 —.CGiwri 

4 0002 AStSENDER D Moftsn 81812 K Teetaa 

5 040 BRBAR0NA A Scon 5-1812 a 


11 OPPO SUPER SOLO (C) T Crag 18187 SCtwmon 

15 0044 MNAN-PAUL S LuOMtter 


1818D , CHbwUib 

81 


84 Rlnq-Lou. 81 Pnmrosa Wood. 7-2 Foggy Buoy. 
RonarvPaiU. 81 Gearys Cow Rolled. 381 Super Soto. 

4.45 CAPUTH HANDICAP HURDLE 

(amatuers: £993: 2m 4f) (10) 

1 4303 CHBteO) METAL R Franca 7-12-7 D Berio* (7) 


3 2H)2 ILCASTAOHODHoogson 8n-6.._ A Fowler 

4 UPOP AHOa. BANK J EfJwaiCS 811-5 TReed 


7 3P DECENT CRACK A Scott 81812. 


8 3200 GEMRALCHAlOOS JG Bradbume 

81812 Mr JBradbouro* 

9 HAORWeg KYTECH D Lane 81812 R Lamb 

10 0000 HEUJCATMUDWffiSTLERWUeGhe 


. 1003 TOMMY GE (C-D) Mrs J Goodlekm 

7-1811 P Dennis (4) 

10 2140 BUfiftl WALK I D JOftJon 8187 P Johnson m 

13 0003 80RLEAFRAS D Moftait 6-10-7 jOmm(7j 

15 0002 CHEEN)rSflRlGBMaciaggan8l87 SMscTaggsrtfn 

‘ l)J Andrews 


81812 kte K Andersen ( 
11 80 KAHBALDASBOVJG Thom 81812 _ P Karon ( 
13 O00P PflWCE RATO (B) J Nww» 81812 . MrSWnodsj 


18 3000 SUSANNA (BXp-D) . _ 

8187 Mrs S Bradbiane (7) 

2f 0 GAY GAUMWItaDThprawi 9187 JWWIgn 

22 P-00 RIVER SONG DW Daring 7-187 D Daring (7) 

Evens Ctkpped Metal 81 Tommy Ge. 4-1 Burn Walk. 81 



THE BRITISH LIONS 




TO SPONSOR THE CENTENARY 
NGRESS MATCH. 


THE REST 


15 


i 


wtmm: 

PROSPER 



J ^p^jgQ^^HE R-F.U AND I-R.F.B. AND SPECIALISTS IN UNIT TRUSTS, PENSIONS, SCHOOL FEES, LIFE ASSURANCE & FINANCIAL PLANNING 


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38 


SPORT 


FOOTBALL: HAMSTRING INJURY THREATENS TO KEEP LEAGUE'S TOP SCORER OUT OF ACTION 


England could 
lose Lineker 
for World Cup 


warm-up 


Gary Lineker is ready to 
rule himself out of Evcrton's 
League championship chal- 
lenge until he is folly recov- 
ered from hamstring trouble. 
The England forward suffered 
a recurrence of the injury in 
the 2-0 win at Watford on 
Tuesday night which lifted 
Evertori three points clear of 
Liverpool at the top. 

“It’s not serious, but Pll be 
having intensive treatment 
and ( won't play again until 
it's right.” Linekersaid after 
scoring his 34th goal of the 
season. Lineker's determina- 
tion to regain full fitness could 
result in him missing 
England's last match, against 
Scotland at Wembley next 
Wednesday, before the World 
Cup finals in Mexico. “If I 
don't play against Ipswich on 
Saturday, then I suppose that 
will rule me out of England as 
well." Lineker said yesterday. 
”1 came through all right 
against Arsenal on Saturday 
but I felt my hamstring after 
about 10 minutes last night” 

Graeme Sharp, who is in the 
Scotland squad, took his tally 
to 22 goals for the season when 
he struck after 89 minutes. 
Lineker's goal came on the 
stroke of half-time and it 
proved to be his final kick of 
the match. 

Everton were forced to de- 
fend for much of the second 
half and Graham Taylor, the 
Watford manager, said: “I'm 
not loo sure they were playing 
with anything in hand If we 
had got the goal our efforts 
deserved. 1 don't think 
Everton could have stepped- 
up a gear.” 

Evenon's chances of retain- 
ing their title were improved 
by West Ham United's home 
defeat against Chelsea but 
Howard Kendall, their man- 
ager. said: " It's not a iwo- 
horse race just yet.” 

West Ham must look to 
Chelsea's example if they are 
to stay in the pursuit of 
Everton and Liverpool. Chel- 
sea took over as London's 
leading campaigners for the 
title with a 2-1 win at Upton 
Park and John Lyall. the West 


Ham manager. saicL'The se- 
cret now is to bounce back* 
after an upset and you could 
not have a better example of 
that than Chelsea. They lost 
two games but then won at 
Manchester United and now 
here. We must try to do the 


same. 

Tony Gale, who has been 
ever present in the West Ham 
defence this season, is a 
doubtful starter for Saturday’s 
game with Watford after suf- 
fering a leg injury in a tight 
and sometimes bruising dash. 
Definitely out is the midfield 
plaver. Geoff Pike, who sus- 
tained a knee ligament injury. 

“A tilde bit of special skill 
by Kerry Dixon turned the 
game.” Lyall added. "He 
proved he is not just a goal- 
taker. but a goal-maker.” The 
England coach. Don Howe, 
was at the game to see Dixon 
cross for Pat Nevin to head in 
the decider while Alex Fergu- 
son. the Scotland manager., 
must have noted the form of 
Nevin. Passed fit shortly be- 
fore the kick-off. he teased 
West Ham in an unfamiliar 
central role. 

A match full of frenzied 
action at Selhurst Park ended 
with Chariton Athletic doubt- 
less feeling a mixture of relief 
and frustration. Trailing by 
three goals after 20 minutes, 
they fought back to force a 3-3 
draw with Mill wall and had 
enough chances in the dosing 
quarter of an hour to have 
won comfortably. 



One for the road: Lineker scores with his last kick before leaving the Vicarage Road pitch injured on Tuesday night 


European 

summit’s 


wide field 


Smith to help the 
Rangers’ revival 


Italians 


in new 


Zurich (Reutert — A weighty 
agenda awaits delegates to the 
European Football Union's 
(UEFA) congress in Cascais. 
Portugal, on April 24. Apart 
from the re-election of the 
president. Jacques Georges, of 
France, who is unopposed, and 
the filling of some vacancies on 
the executive committee, sev- 
eral motions have been tabled 
Among them are proposals 
for changes to the statutes on 
indoor football, discussion 
about artificial playing surfaces 
and a suggestion that the final 
rounds of the European 
championships should be staged 


By Hugh Taylor 


scandal 


The result means that they 
stay in fourth place in the 
second division, a point be- 
hind Wimbledon and having 
plated the same number of 
games. 

Millwall look the lead after 
five minutes through a drive 
by McLeary. Wilson headed 
in the second after nine min- 
utes and then added a third. 
With 25 minutes |one Stuart 
headed in at the tar post and 
on the stroke of half-time the 
same player made it 3-2. After 
62 minuies Melrose got be- 
hind the Millwall defence to 
head in. 


by a group of countries instead 


of one. Representatives from 
UEFA’s 34-member associ- 
ations will also have to resolve 
the matter of Israel's admission 
to UEFA and whether to allow 
Israeli teams to play in Euro- 
pean competitions. 

UEFA’s executive committee 
have already backed a special 
commission's report which 
recommended rejection of an 
Israeli application for 
membership. 

• Johnny Giles could become 
the new manager of Israel's 
national (earn. The former 
Republic of Ireland manager, 
aged 46, is to have talks with 
Israeli soccer officials in Tel 
Aviv early next month. 


Rangers yesterday took , the 
second step in their ambitious 
and expensive attempt to make 
the club the greatest in Scotland 
again by tempting to Ibrox Park 
the coach who is regarded as the 
best in the country. 

So important did they regard 
the capture of Walter Smith, of 
Dundee United, that they ar- 
ranged for their new player- 
manager. Graeme Souness. to 
fly from Italy to make the 
announcement at yet another 
press conference. 

Smith has been the right hand 
man of Jim McLean at 
Tannadice for several years and 
has played a vital pan in the 
United success story. He is also 
assistant to Scotland's World 
Cup manager. Alex Ferguson, in 
planning for Mexico. 

The widely respected Smith 
may prove to be a more 
significant appointment for 
Rangers than even Souness. It 
was not so long ago that Rangers 
were bitterly disappointed when 
McLean turned down the offer 
of the post of manager. 

No-one is more au fail with 
football and footballers in Scot- 
land than Smith, whose advice 
will be invaluable to the new 
manager, who has never played 
at senior level in the country. 


Although Dundee United 
have failed to Gnish the season 
in glory, they are still regarded 
os the Scottish team who play 
the most attractive as well as the 
most effective football and the 
long-suffering Rangers’ support- 
ers would be happy to see their 
team play in the Ta n nadice 
feshion. 


Turin ( AP) - Ten people have 
three ae 


been arrested and . 

managers of Italian football 
league clubs are being investi- 
gated in connection with illegal 
gambling. ‘ _ 

Giuseppe Marabotto. the Tu- 
rin magistrate investigating the 

. _ > j — - — » — omnnc 


said yesterday that groups 
based in Turin and ” 


As Smith worked hand in 
glove with McLean in formulat- 
ing the style, he may well go 
down as Rangers* best signing of 
the decade. 


Cattlin stays 


The Brighton manager Chris 
Cattlin. who said be considered 


resigning after the disappoint- 
ent ofi 


ment of missing promotion for 
the second successive season, 
says he will now stay at the 
second division club. 

Cattlin hinted that he would 
leave but will now stay for the 
rest of the season after meeting 
the club's directors. 

Cattlin , aged 39, who is in the 
middle of a three-year contract, 
said : “1 will be staying on if the 
directors want me to. and 1 must 
say 1 have been encouraged by 
the many letters l have received 
from supporters urging me not 
to resign.” 


^ ... . Rome have 

been operating illegal gambling 
rings, while some suspects nave 
allegedly tried to “fix” the 
results of several first and 
second division matches since 
1985. 

In (980 another major scan- 
dal of fllegal betting and fixed 
matches involved several lead- 
ing players - including Paolo 
Rossi, the leading scorer in the 
1982 World Cup finals — who 
were suspended for long periods 
by the disciplinary commission 
of the league. 


The general manager 


investigated are ltalo 
Napoli; Tito Corsi, of Udinese. 
and Franco Janich. of Bari, lor 
whom the England . inter- 
national, Gordon Cowans, and 
his former Aston Villa col- 
league. Paul Rideout play. 
Allodi has already resigned 
following the allegations of his 
involvement in the case. 

Organized betting on football 
is legal only through the state- 
run Totocalcio pools. 


Paris suffer setback Steaua have stars 


TUESDAY’S RESULTS 


Paris (Reuter) - Paris Saint- 
Germain received a setback to 
their ambitions of winning both 
the French league and Cup when 
they were held to a 1-1 draw by 
Bordeaux in the first leg of the 
Cup semi-finals. 

The Paris club, who should 
formally dinch the league title 
on tomorrow to end Bordeaux's 
two-year reign, look the lead in 
the I3tb minute when the 
Senegalese forward Sene steered 
home a centre from the full back 
Bacconnier. 

Sene's third goaf in successive 
matches spurred Paris forward 
and their Yugoslav midfield 
player Safet Susie provided 
further openings which 


Vermeulen and Rocheteau 
wasted. 

Bordeaux, missing their in- 
jured internationals Gincsse and 
Lacombe. posed little threat 
until 10 minutes before the 
interval when Reindcrs equal- 
ized after a defensive blunder by 
Jeannoi. 

Olympique Marseilles, 
watched by the former France 
team manager Michel Hidalgo, 
who will guide them next sea- 
son. gained a slender 1-0 home 
advantage over Rennes in the 
other semifinal first leg. 

Martinez, formerly of Bor- 
deaux. was fouled by Rio and 
scored from the resultant free- 
kick.- 


in their eyes 


Steaua Bucharest ......... 3 

Anderlecht .......... 0 


able to deflect his 


PPA CERTIFIED DIVIDENDS 


^AfldMtadlSldjaEltORSCfriilir AS matches tor Aprs 12tf> 


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Phone 01-253 5376 Ion coupons 


Bucharest (AP) — Steaua of 
Bucharest yesterday became the 
first side from Romania to reach 
the final of the European Cup 
when they defeated Anderlecht, 
of Belgium, in their semi-final 
second-leg match here. The 
Romanians advanced 3-1 on 
aggregate to the final in Seville, 
Spain, on May 7. 

Steaua are only the second 
ride from Eastern Europe to 
reach the final. Partisan Bel- 
grade, from Yugoslavia, were 
beaten 2-1 by Real Madrid in 
Brussels in 1966. Victor Pilurca 
scored in the fourth and 71st 
minutes, and Gavrila Balint 
added the second in ibe 22nd. 

Steaua. the Romanian army 
side, opened at a furious pace, 
and Piturca took a long pass 
from Barbulescu to score the 
first The pace of Piturca caused 
problems in front of the Belgian 
goal several limes. However, the 
attacker missed a good chance 
in the 12th minute when 
Vckcman. in the Anderlecht 


goal, was 
effort- 

Thc Romanians, who were in 
full control of the game in the 
first 20 minutes, scored again 
through Balint. whose volley 
from dose range left Vekeman 
without a chance. 

Anderlecht rarely threatened 
in the first haJf.Jn their best 
chance to score, Vercauteren 
took a long pass from Scifo in 
the 55th minute and Dukadam 
in the Romanians' goal had to 
concede a corner from the 
resulting shot. 

Piturca's header in the 71st 
minute sealed Anderiechf s fete. 
An dated Romanian TV com- 
mentator captured the at- 
mosphere of joy among the 
35,000 spectators in the stadium 
afterwards when he said a new- 
star was shining in Europe's 
footballing sky. Steaua means 
star in Romanian. 

STEAUA BUCHAREST: H DiAKUm. S 
Wen. I Bartjuiescu, A BumOescu. M 
BeKOerSO. A Sues. L Botoni. M Baton, G 
Bawn. V Piturca. M Laaaus. 
ANDERLECHT: 0 Vewman. L Onion. L 
Penaowc. M Otean. H Andersen. P 
Gnmann. H vanoereyefcen. E SOM. F 
Vercauteren. J Lozano (sub: A 
Gudiotinsen). E Vanoeraerg. 


FIRST D4VOON: Watford 0, Everton Z 
West Ham 1. Chaise# 2. 

SECOND DIVISION: Blackburn D. 
Huddersfield 1; Cnarfton 3. MftraB ft 
P un ponwfc Grimsby v Barnsley. 

TWRD DIVISION: Chesterfield ft &«tot 
Rovers 0. Oarvngten ft 

Rotnemam 0: Notts County 3. 
Bournemouth 1; Walsall 3. Wigan 3. 
P o stponed: Yort y BtacxpocL 
FOURTH DIVISION: Aldershot 3. 
Tranmete 1: Burnley 0. Crewe 1; Hartle- 
1 1. Torquay ft Northampton_2. Onent 


Basildon ft Uxfandga 1. Leate o rt wa d 1; 
Stwws 2. Hanow 1. Postponed: Rncrtey 
v Maidenhead: Walton and Hersham v 
Avetey. Second PMttoo aorttr Barton 1. 
Hertford fc Heyhndge Swdts 3. Were ft 
Po s tponed : Chestejnl v Ktogsteav 
Clapton v Hamel Hempstead; Latoiwonh 
v Vauxha* Motors. Second dtokilm 
south; ft Rurshp Manor ft 


TENNIS 


McEnroe seeks i 
wildcard * 



option for Paris 


New York (Reuter) — John 
McEnroe has inquired about 
wild card ramies into foe French 
Open championship and the 
Tournament of Champions, 
signalling a possible return to 
competition next month, his 
lather said on Tuesday night. 

“1 asked French Federation 
President Philippe Chairier if he 
might hold a wild card far John 
for the French Open and he said 
he would,” John McEnroe se- 
nior said from bis Manhattan 
law office. He added that .be bad 
also inquired about a wild card 
for his son at the Tournament Of 
Champions at Forest Hills. New 

-*Tbis does not suggest that he 
is playing”, McEnroe senior 
added. “It is to suggest that the 


option remains open to mm. 
McEnroe has not pfayedjn a 
tournament or an exhi biti on 
since taring in foe fits* round of 
the Masters in January. 

He has spent moss of his tim# 
in California with his remote, 
the actress. Tarom O'Neal 
However. McEnroe has recently 5 
been practising- and working ou 
off-court drills. “He ts playing.-, 
and pushing weights.” bis busi- 
ness agent. Peter Lawler, said. 
“He is not just sitting around.” 

The Tournament of Cham- 
ions begins on May 5 and the . 
tench Open on May 26. Wild’ 
cards, offered at the discretion 
of individual tournament direc- 
tors. allow players to enter 
tournaments late: 




Newcomer beats seed 
in two-hour struggle 


Amelia Island. Florida (Agen- 
cies) — Mary Joe Fernandez, 
aged 14. the Miami professtonaL 
upset the ninth seed, Stephanie 
Refae. front Californiain a sec- 
ond round match at die Sunkist 
Women's Tennis Association 
championships on Tuesday. - 

Miss Fernandez, who won her 
first match as a professional 
earlier this year ax the Upton 
International Players 
championships in Boca Raton, 
beat Miss Rehe 5-7, 6-3. 6-1, in a 
match that lasted two hours. 

Steffi Gra£ the top seed, and 
Claudia Kohde-Kdscb, the 
Na 2 seed both from West 
Germany, did not have matches 


on Tuesda^Fotewwg faer vfe. 


tory over Chris Uoyd on Sun- 
day at Hilton Head. Miss Gtat 
aged 16. is now the Nd 3 ranked 
player in the wortd. . 

Helena Sukova. of Czecho- 
slovakia. defeated Wendy 
White, of Atlanta. 6-2, 6-1, in 
maido that took only 41r 
minutes. 

Manuela Maleeva, of Bul- 
garia. (he fourth seed, defeated 
Eva Pfaff. of West Germany. 6- 
0. 6-3. Susan Mascarin, of 
Detroit, defeated Terry Phelps, 
from New York, 6-4, 6-3, 
andGabriela Sabfttini. of Argen- 
tina, defeated Laura Garrone. 6 *j. 
1,2-6, 6-2. M 


BOXING 


Cowdell covets a crown 
despite title defeat 


When Fat Cowdell bad his 
Iasi British title bout. John 
Doherty, . the skilful 
Y orksh i reman, was still two 
years away from making his 
professional debut So it speaks 
realms for CowdelTs pride that 
be wants Doherty’s newly-won 
British super featherweight 




PC 


crown when" they meet at foe St 
r’s Hall. Bradford, 


Egnani Z Wotong 'ft Hungwtord ft 
Feftnam z 


Newtwry 2, Benstead ft 


§”& 


PostoonaL Dortang v Somtwdc SouteaB 
~ Wftytefeele 


v Bracxnel: ' 


iv Marlow. 


: Scunthorpe 1. Coichesw 1: Southend 
3. Mansfield V. i 


Swnkm a Petormrough 


SOUTtSW LEAGUE: Premier division: 
Crawley 3. Gosport 0: Gravesend ft 
Welling 3: W#enhai 2. Bedrexft 1 


SCOTTISH FIRST DIVISION: Atoe 1. 
Dum dJ Oun 3. Brechin t. Clyde Z Porter I. 
Airdrie 1. 

SCOTTISH SECOND DIVI8ION: 
MeadowtankO. Arbroath l.-SMngAJbion 
1 . Rwth 1. Postponed: Alteon Rovers v 
Stentiousem*. 


Hdtend iMS meo : ENnbury 2. 1—"*"#” * 1 
1 ; Bru m tg rovfl 1, Forest Green ftCoy- 
entry Sporting ft WeBn^wrough 1. 


Southern dMskec Bumtam and Wna- 

_ ... - -jury 1, 


WELSH CUP! Seroi-ftiaL M top Mtax- 
hem4. Cardfft 1. 


dm 1. Oursajte ft Canterbury .. 
Watedwnfle 2; Erth and Bates tore 1. 
Chatham ft Hastings 1, Atoiford f; 


SheppayZPocto t; than* 1. Corirthton 
1 ; Wooolord 1. Trow 


FOOTBALL COMBINATION: RJhero 1, 
Luton 2: (pmteh 2, Oxford 2. Postponed: 
Svmtforv Swansea. 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: Feet dhtatoR Poet- 
poneii' Leeds v Leicester. Second dF 
vfetort Middlesbrough 1. Otdhon 2. 

GOLA LEAGUE: Altrincham 2, Barrow ft 
Hartford 1. Dagenham 1: TBdord 3. 
Cheltenham ft Rob Laid Trophy: Rato, 
drat tog: Stafford 2, Barnet 1. 
VAUXHALL-OPEL LEAGUE: Premier <S- 
vtotm: ^ 


Trowbridge 1. Postpone* 

Rute8p v Dorrtwster. 


MULTIPART LEAGUE: Marine I. Mora- 
cambe ft Moseley 1. Gooie 1; Chorioy 1, 
Caernarfon 1. 


LONDON SPARTAN LEAGUE; 

( Wrt o o: Amersnam 1, Nortfmood 4> 
Beckton 1. H a r w e l l Z Sxaniey ft WaL 
team Abbey 2- 

ESSEX SENIOR LEAGUE: Bowers ft 
Burnham 1; Brentwood 0. East Thurrock 
1; W 1. Chtemstard 1: CoggesheSZ 
Maiden 2. 


1, Wokkxpiem ft Httchto D. Bartang 0: 
Wonwig ft wmosor and Eton V Pb»- 
poneo: Hayes v&xnm and EweLTooOng 


»&6ornand 

and Mitctmm v Croydon. Fire* *toto« 
1, Wembley ft Ghosham ft 
I ft Horn ch urch 0. Oxford 


RUGBY LEAGUE 


FIRST OTVtStON: HuC Ktogslon Rovers 
2ft Leeds 12. 


City 2; Lewes 0. Hampton 3: 
Leytonstone/Word 1. Grays 1: Tloory “ 


SECOND DIVISION: Carlisle 7. 
ifl. 


ft Whrtshaven l 


George’ 
lonighL 

Just 187 <lays ago, Cowdefl 
was still a world title contender, 
but his dream of taking the 
World Boxing Council crown 
from Azuraah Nelson was shat- 
tered inside a round by a 
devastating left uppercut which 
knocked hrm out 

Many felt it was the end of foe 
road for CowdeU. but he could 
not finish with boxing in such an 
ignominious way. He came bock 
at Doncaster in February to halt 
Steve Griffiths with a display of 
quality which proved that he 
still has plenty to offer the sport 
at domestic, if not European, 
level. 

Cowdell saidn knew I could 
still make my mark, but 1 



Doherty: a purist 



really have been 

better. I was 99 per cent at my 
besL When 1 have come back 
before I have always been 
disappointed in some way or 
another.” The last of CowdelTs 
four British title contests was his 


third championship meeting 
with Dave Needham iu May* 
198ft. 

Doherty, aged 23, has pure 
boxing ability and this helped 
him to protect a cut to beat his 
namesake. Pat. in their meeting 
for the vacant British title at 
Preston in January, ft promises 
to be a connoisseur’s delight? 
with cagey, defensive skills. 


perhaps, carrying the 32 yeaiv 
othe£ 


old CowdeU through to ano 
chapter in a distinguished 
career. 


FOR THE RECORD 


FOOTBALL 


European Cup 


SWISS CUP: SeoMhato: la CJaux-dd 

Rmts ft Sun 2: Bas« ft 5mvetH Genew 4 

(•bar amre-tama). Final on May 19. 


00 


SteuaB 0 3 
PHurca®. 
sum 

fStaeua BuOmast wkiS-lon ag& 


BASEBALL 


DUTCH LEAGUE Fortune Start! Z PSV 

Eindhoven Z NEC Mynegen 1. Utrecht ft 

“ ‘ Bottera am 0. HeMem 4; Twento 


I. VW venio 0. Leadteg poet- 
1 po-.Z AfU 


UNITED STATES: NeHonel League: Montreal 

Enpos 4. Oecan Cites 3: Houston Astros ft h 

San Franooco Stems ft Ctoannatf Buds ft 

Adame Brans ft San Diego Pedros 2. Los 

Angatoa Dodgers 1 . American League: New 

YoftYantaes ft O e ntend Z 0 aWeno 

ABUeecs ft K r mesote Tens 2; Seattle 

ttonnera 9. CaWomaa Angels 4. 


InRK 1. PSV Broteoven, SO pO: 

Amsteitlam. 4ft ft Fdyenoord Ranardem. 

SWISS LEAGUE 

Lucerne O.Leurfng. 

3Q pts; Z Qraasnopper, 


ICE HOCKEY 


MOSCOW: World cbBBftaatejw: Cxecfto- 

sKwaxta 1. Finland 1. 

J* 


Cinderellas of Thrum Hall 
reach out for glass slipper 


Bookmakers at the start of the 
season were offering odds of np 
to 200-1 against Halifax win- 
ning foe championship. Now. as 
Halifax face their last match at 
home to Featheratooe on Sun- 
day, the books are closed. 

Halifax players and support- 
ers are slightly bewildered by it 
and stOl edgy and nerv ous about 
a fall at the final fence and a 
Nickta us-type charge by one of 
l he pursuing big names. The 
sympathies and good wishes of 
ail neutrals are with them as 
they seek their first champion- 
ship since the play-off days of 
1965. 


RUGBY LEAGlf 
DIARY 

KttfoMackUn 



match award against France and 
Wigaa and selection this week 
for the Great Britain squad 
preparing for the visit of foe 
Australians. 


They want the West Riding 
dub to break the stranglehold of 
such as Hull Kingston Rovers. 
HuiL Whines, Leeds and St 
Helens. The glass slipper is 
within reach of one of the game's 
Cinderellas. who in 1983-4 were 
in the second division with 
crowds of just over 1.000 and 
losing so ranch money that 
closure was around the comer. 


Halifax owe their spectacular 
emergence from oblivion primar- 
ily to two factors. One was the 
appearance of a fairy godfather 
in Da rid Brook, of Modern 
Maintenance Products, who 
took over as chairman of a 
moribund board and pumped 
vast sums of money into the 
ailing Thrum Hall club. 

Then came the master-stroke 
as Brook brought over a posse of 
top-quality Australian players, 
with the experienced inter- 
narionaL Chris Anderson, as 
player-coach. Last season 
Australian players like Bella, 
Chris and Tony Anderson, 
Metier and Langmack brought 
power, penetration and superior 
class to Thrum Hall. 

There was ranch head- 
shaking from English die-hards 
who felt that Hatifax were an 
Australian team disguised as 


Yorks hiremerc bat the strategy 
worked. Halifax shot up the first 
division table and crowds in- 
creased from a little over 1,006 
to nearly 10,000 against Hall. 

There were fears that having 
peaked last season. Halifax 
would undergo a reaction. Their 
early results were mixed. With 
stalwarts like Bella, NeOer and 
langmack back home in Austra- 
lia. along came new faces from 
Down Under in Carill Hesgb 
and Geoff Robinson to put 
renewed fire into the pack. 

With Chris Anderson dictat- 
ing tactics. Halifax began to get 
good results , picking up points 
away from home. One of then- 
greatest disappointments turned 
out to be a blessing in disgaise. 
In February Halifax were tum- 
bled out of the Challenge Cup by 
Leeds and there were tong faces 
in the dressing-room and 
boardroom. 



The Wembley dream was 
soon over but since then. whOe 
Hull Kingston Rovers, W hines, 
Wigan. Leeds and St Helens 
have had to face a crippling 
weight of fixture backlogs, Hali- 
fax have been able to con- 
centrate single-nundedly on the 
championship. 

One English player whose 
career has rocketed with the 
growth of Halifax is Neil James, 
the second row forward. He 
Joined the dab from Castieford, 
where he had been a promising 
but inconsistent member of the 
first-team squad. At Thrum Half 
he has developed into a last, 
powerful forward whose dis- 
plays brought him a cap for 
Great Britain, a man of the 


Modestly James pals It down 
to the influence of Chris Ander- 
son and foe excellent dressing- 
room atmosphere. “Chris is a 
great coach, a total professional, 
like all good Aossies,” he said. “ 
He thinks about foe game and 
encourages as to talk about H as 
well as training as hard and 
systematically during the week. 

“The lads have been great to 
me. Often when a young player 
makes a crucial mistake backs 
are turned against him in the 
dressing-room. Not at Thrum 
HalL Experienced players like 
Gary Stephens, Brian Jalifl, 
Chris Anderson and Joe Kfiroy, 
the Queensland fall hack, come 
over and point oat where I went 
wrong and show aw how to pot it 
right next tune." 

Whether or not Halifax win 
the championship, they have big 
plans for next season. Tony 
Bee vers, their general m a n a ger , 
says that there win be new 
floodlights and large-scale 
ground improvements at 
tbeiradmittedly tatty old ground, 
■ndeding executive boxes at the 
scoreboard end. and grandstand 
recon str uction. If Halifax are 
champions they wDl add style to 
their status next year. 


Caterer leaves 


Brian Caterer, the manager of 
Maidenhead, of the VauxbalL 
Opel League has left the dub 
together wifo his assistant Colin 
LippiatL who is his brother-in- 
law. The two men have been in 
charge for three years. Maiden- 
head have appointed Tim 
Smith, the reserve team man- 
ager, to take charge of the senior 
side. 


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NAME 


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THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 17 1986 


•i« 3*1 


BBC 1 


Today’s television and radio programmes 




Edited by Peter Dear 

and Peter Davalle 


■'*Cr 


V- * 


. V fi 







MO Ce*fex AML 

CLSO Breakfas t Tftn^wrth Prank 
Bough and Debbie 
*• Greenwood. Weathar at ' 
6-55, 7.25, 7-55,.&25 and 
8J5: regional news, 
weather and traffic at BJS7. 
7.27, 7.57 and R^7; 

natforial and international 
news at 7.00, 7 JO, 8410, 
8J0 and 9.00; sport ai 
■ 7-20 and 8-20; and a 
review of the morning 
newspapers at BJ3T. Pius, 
m Zoe Brown's teenage 
“ report and Richard 
. Smith's ‘phone-in medical 
advice. 

9J20 Ceefax 1CL3C Play School 
(r) 1&50 Ceefax. 

12L30 news After (toon with 
. Richard Whttmore and 

Moira Stuart, incJudss 
news headlines with 
subtitles 12£5 Regional . 
news and weather. 

tj» Pebble MSf at One 

Inductee a tribute to the 
long-running snooker 
‘ tournament. Pot Black; 
Were is a musical postcard 
from Cosmothekain 
Brighton; and Hilary 
James presents another of 
her Sew Easy classes IvtS 
Hokey Cokey. 01 
Up Racing from , 

* ChoRonham.The Monster 

Lovefl Handicap Hurdle 
(2.15); the Mail cm Sunday 
Novices' Hancflcap 
Steaatechase (250): and 
the South Wales Showers 
Mire Handcap 


Closedown 352 Regional 
news. 

3425 Lay on Five. The first of a 
new series, -presented by 
Ftoetta Benjamin and 
Robin Stevens. 4. ID 
Laurel and Hardy. 

- Cartoon version L15 
Jenny Biggs. Episode four 
of the 13-part sorted (r). ■ 
4£0 Ulysses 31. Animated 
science fiction adventures. 

4i5 John Craven's 

Newsiound 5JOS Blue 

T Peter. Simon Groom is in a 
seventh heaven as his 
well-worn 1965 5-type 
Jaguar motor car is 
transformed into a 
powerful racer speeding 

• round the SAverstone 
dreutt- (Ceetex) 5.35 Go 
FPr It! The Pusnman famfly 
from London accept the 
challenge to prove that 
they arefttand healthy. 
(Ceefax) 

M0 News with Sue Lawtey and 
Nicholas WitcheU. Weather 

6.35 London Phis. - 

7jOO Topol the Pop*, 
introduced by Gary 
Davies. 

7 JO EastEndera. PauInrawBr 
Arthur receive a visit from 
a salesman who later 
causes trouble down at 
the Queen Vic. How wfll 
Wicksy. Lofty and Kathy 

* deal with the situation? 


(Ceefax) 

&00 Tomorrow's World. News 
t of research into an 
V operation that cotW mean 

J theend of heart 

i transplants; the 

i alternatives to 

i reprocessing nuclear 

waste; battrey-powered 
rotor skates; bafoons;. 
used as cranes; and 'a new 
miniature camera are 
among the hems shown 
tonight 

8J0 A Question of Sport The 
regular team captains B» 

- Beaumont and Emlyn 

• Hughes, are joined by 

i Charlie Speeding, Michael 

r Robinson, WBBeThome • 

> and Susan Devoy. 

i (Ceefax) 

9.00 News with Jufia Somerwfle 
and John Humphrys. 

T. Weather 

400 l Woke Up On Morning. 

I The final proyamme of 

tiro tragi-comedy series 
about four men each trying 

witirvaryfog degrees of 

success to Kick the alcohol 

habit 

1040 Question Time. Sir Robin 
& Day's guests me Margaret 
Clay, Sir James 
Clem In son, and MPs 
Donald Dewar and 
~ Norman Fowler. 

11.00 BrazfiTBrazH. The second 
of four Sms about the 


*• 

5- 


f oftheworicTs 
’ company. Among those 
taking part is the country’s 
president. Jose Samey. 
1150 Weather. 


TV- AM 


6.15 Good 


_ Britain 
presented by i 
Diamond and Nick Owen. 
News with Gordon 
Nonavcombe at MO, 740; 


Sport at 6.40 and 7.45; 
exercises at 646; cartoon 
pop Video at 745; 
the Queen s favourite 


male model David Donald' 
st 943; and a discussion 
on teenage sex at 9.12. 


ITV/LONDON 


&25 Thames news headlines 
foflowed by Ffens The 
. Abominable Snowman* 
(1957) starring Forrest 
Tucker and Peter Cushing. 

- Thrfitar about an 

expedition to the 

- Himalayas to to find a half 
human, half beast 
monster .Directed by val 
Guest 

1045 Cartoon Time i 

Courageous Cat 11. _ 
Rrabafi XL5" Science 
fiction adventures. 

1140 About Britain. Oive 
Gimneit, continuing his 
exploration of the 
CotswoW Way, travels 
from Hawkesoury Upton 
to Wotton-Under-Eoge (r) 

1240 TheRaggyDoOa. 

Animated series based on 
the children's stories by 
Mehryn Jacobson 12.10 
Puddle Lane. Puppet 
adventures 1240' The 
SuHvam. 

140 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 140 Thames news 
140 HoteL Drama series 
245 Home Cookery Club. 
Baked Sandwich Supper. 

240 Daytime. Sarah Kennedy 
chairs a studio cfiscussion 
on a topical subject 340 
University Challenge. St 
Hilda's College, Oxford, 
versus University of Leeds 
345 Thames news 
heaeffines 340 Sons and 
Daughters. 

440 The Raggy DoBs. A repeat 
of the pro g ramme shown 
at noon 4.10 James the 
Cat Cartoon series 4.15 
Basil's Joke Machine, 
with Bast Brush 440 
Botany's Bugle. 
Conservation series. 445 
Supergran. (r) (Oracle) 

5.15 Thames Sport Flay 
IlSngworth talks to Brian 

Moore about the need for 
an England cricket team 
manager. Hus, snooker 
tips from Steve Davis and 
a preview of Sunday’s Milk 
Cup footbafl flnaL 

5.45 News with Caroi Barnes 

6.00 Thames news. 

645 Heftrf Viv Taylor Gee with 
a news of a new report on 
■ attitudes to Downs 
children. 

645 Crossroads. Nicola seems 
disturbed by a photograph 
she sees hi a newspaper 
file. 

740 E ns ne r da le Farm. ID- - 
feefing (s buikftig up 
between Pat Sugden and 

Sandle Merrick. 

740 The A-Ttan. The fearless 

- four ara-Tn South America 
\ on a rescue mission, (i) 

840 The Brothers McGregor. 
Comedy series about two 
half-brothers who run a 
down-market second hand 
car business in Liverpool 

9.00 ^SS&chcoek : 

Presents: Might Fever. A . 
shop till robber shoots a 
policeman and is then hit 
himself. Both men are 
taken to the same 
hospital Starring Robert 
Carradine and Debt 
Richter. (Oracle) 

940 TV Eye: Waldheim -the 
Haunted Campaign. An 
investigation into the 
supposed Nazi past of 
Kurt Waldhekn. 

1040 News at Ten with Alastair 
Burnet arid Pamela 
Armstrong. 

1040 Kojak. The New York 

detective investigates the 
deaths of several men 
attentflng a convention. 

1140 Six Centuries of Verse. 
Works by Shefey, Keats 
and Byron, (r) 

1240 That's Hollywood. 
Successful musical 
scores. 

1245 Night Thoughts. 





a, 

. V 


White: the Pot Black 
f«wLBBC2, HUOpa 


• APASSAGE TO WISBECH 
(B8C2. 940pm). Robin tmray’s 
gritty fittie documentary about 
file cargo boat Camck, has no 
qualms about dubbing her a 
dirty British coaster. The words 
were Masefield's, as every 
schootooy used to know. Good 
job no-one used that 
description in front of the 
Garrick's ownen*«pper,flfcfc 
Waters. He objects to the tag Ns 
mate fixes id her old rest 
bucket To Nm. she is an old 
lady, who needs to be helped 
across the road from time to 
Wne.ConsWering her age. the 
coaster is Jn sprightly shape in 
the film in which she stars. 

Any old gW can sutler from a 
breakdown in her cootmg 
system, and Garrick is no 
exception. Engines on stop, 
she drifts off Die Belgian coast 


CHOiCE 


That, and a M of an argy- 
bargy with some Dutch dock 
workers about uneven 
balancing of the cargo, is the 
worst that happens to 
herEven the deckhand-cook 
takes a philosophical view of 
the fact that Ns Yorkshire pud 
doesn't rise property. 

ton Rob Rohrer's 
apo ca lyptic film CLOUDBURST! 
(SBC2, 6.20pm), So Canon 
does everything any tenacious 
reporter can possibly do to 
try and get Id to admit thal they 
have not sufficiently 

considered the possibility of an 
escape of lethal chlorine from 
their Runcorn plant. In the event, 
she has to settle for an 
assurance that O did put up the 
possibility tor the sole 


purpose of knocking it down, put 
that they would have to 
accelerate toe* safety plans if 
Haiey s Comet hit the 
eartr..Cieariy the shadows of 
Bhopal and ruxborough hang 
over toe film. We are not idd 
what toe nsk percentage was 
in those two disasters. ;CI say 
that at Runcorn, a one in a 
million nsk is too remote to plan 
lor .The layman wi!! watch 
Cbuc&urafwith fingers crossed. 
•EDGAR BERTS HEJMAT 
(BBC1 .7.a curtain-raiser to toe 
15-hour German film 
beginning on B6C2 th.s Saturday 
mght.prcvides direct access 
to toe stimulating mnd of its 
director .and leaves us 
counting the hours to S.4Cpm on 
the19to. 

Peter Davalle. 


BBC 2 


645 Open University: Social 
Sciences - Brian's Britain. 
Ends at 740. 

940 Ceefax. 

240 Fta: The End of the Day* 
(1938) starring Louis 
Jouvet Mfchel Simon and 
Victor Francen. A comedy 
drama about the affect on 
the residents of a retired 
actors’ home of the arrival 
of a journeyman player 
who is also an ageing 
Casanova. Directed by 
Julian DuvMer. English 
subtitles. 

3.45 FBm: Show Business* 
(1944) starring Eddie 
Cantor and Joan Davis. A 
musical comedy , based on 
the fife of Eddie Cantor. 
Directed by Edwin L Marin. 

5.15 News su m m a r y with 
subtitles. Weather 
540 40 ttilMites: Johnny 
Oddbafi. A documentary 
about Michael Cooper, a 
21-year ok}, who since the 
age of eight, has been an 
arsonist Half his life has 
been spent in high security 
psychiatric care and now 
he has been released, 
hoping to pursue a career 
as a magician with the 
siege name Johnny 
Od email, (r) 

6-00 Young Musician of the 
Year 1986. Humphrey 
Burton Introduces the 
Brass Semi-final featuring 
trumpeters, a coroethst a 
trombonist horn players, 
tuba players and a 
euphonium player. The 
judges are Akin Hoddinott 
Edward G reason, Michael 
HexL Darid Mason and 
John Pigneguy. 

6.40 Discovering Birds. The 
penultimate film In the 
series presented by Tony 
Soper on the delights and 
diversity of Britain's 
feathered friends, (r) 

745 Best of Bras& Gerald 
Harrison introduces the 
second semifinal of the 
competition from the 
Assembly Rooms. Derby. 
The IMI Yorkshire Imperial 
Band meet the GUS Band. 

740 Edgar Reitz's 'HeenaT. A 
Saturday Review special 
In which Russell Davies 
talks to Edgar Reitz, the 
author of the 15K hour 
long series on German 
. *. nirelfifejhat is bteng 
shown in 1 1 episodes on 
consecutive nights on this 
channel beginning 
Saturday. 

640 BraseTacks: CfoudbursH 
A documentary about the 
communities who live 
within the shadow of 
Britain's chemical plants, 
(see Choice) 

9JX> Karen Kay. The 

entertainer's guest (s 
Gerard Kenny, (r) 

940 40 Minutes: A Passage to 
Wisbech. A voyage in the 
Ufe of the crew of the 
coaster Carrick that piles 
an unsteady trade 
between the East Coast 
ports and the Continent 
(see Choice) (Ceefax) 

10.10 FofHackOfi. The final 
final of the 18-year old 
series features Jimmy 
White from London and 
Canadian Kirk Stevens in 
a best of three frames 
match. 

1045 Newsnight 11.40 

M/ n m j|, n , 

WWUKT- 

11.45 Open University: 

Weekend Outlook 1140 St 
Lucia: People and 
Catebraflona. Ends at 
1240. 


CHANNEL 4 


2.15 Their Loidafiaps* House. A 
repeat of last night’s 
highlights of the day's 
proceedings in the House 
of Lords. 

240 Chaanel 4 . 

Newmarket The 
Martin 
(245); the 
Hetosieck 

Craven Stakes (3.10); the 
I Champagne Stokes 
and the Ladbroks 
„ Sprint Handicap 

440 Courrtdown. Yesterday's 
winner is challenged by 
Denis Baines, a cm 
servant from Sunderland. 

540 FrimtTMs England* (1B41) 
starring Entiyn Wi Warns, 
John Clements and 
Constance Cummings. A 
Second World War 
propaganda production 
telling the story of a village 
that resisted toe enemy at 
four periods in English 
htetory.Directed by David 
MacdonakL 

645 Fim: The Autobiography 
of a Jeep* (1943) An 
American- made 
documentary In praise of 
the jeep. Directed by Irving 
Lamar. 

645 FDm: To the Shores of 
Iowa Jims (1945] A 
documentary short that 
earned an Oscar award 
nomination, about the 
United States invasion of 
Iowa Jima during the 
Second world War. 

7.00 Channel Four news with 
Trevor McDonald and 
Nicholas Owen. 

740 Comment fromAdam 

Markham of the Friends of 
the Earth organisation. 

Weather. 

840 Worfdwise Reports: What 
Have They Done to the 
Rain? As a prelude to next 
week's International Add 
Rain Week a report on the 
pressing problem that 
knows no boundaries. 

840 Club Nflx presented by 
Baz Bamlqboye and 
SmBey Cmure. The guests 
are Bfoodfire Posse. 

Arthur MitcheiL Morgan 
Kahn and Sid Heywood. 

940 Whet Now? Episode three 
of the seven part drama 
serial by Phil Redmond 
about a group of young 
Liverpudlians who have, 
left school, tried the 
government's YTS 
programme, and now face 
tittle prospect of finding a 
job. (Oracle) 

940 mm on Four From Israel 
- Fellow Travelers (1983) 
starring Gkfi Gov and 
Yossi Pollack. Drama 
about a young Israeli 
musician living in West 
Germany who who falls for 
an Israeli Arab he meets 
when he joins a group of 
political anarchists. When 
he later joins tils girlfriend 
in Israel he dscovers that 
she has completely 
litical 

now believes 
that violent means justify 
tile ends. Directed by 
Yehuda Judd Ne'eman. 

11.10 Voices, presented by 

Michael lgnatieff. Mexican 
poet Octavio Paz, and 

PoHsh philosopher. 

Leszak KoiakowskL 
discuss the political 
tfsiUuston of the late 20th 
century. 

1245 Their Lordships’ House. 

Highlights of the day's 
proceedings in the House 
of Lords. Ends at 1240. 


C Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. VHF variations at end 
of Ram) 4 (stings. 

545 Shipping 140 News 
brivfinpK Weather 6.10 
Farming 645 Prayer 

640 Today, nd 640. 740, 

840 News 6.45 Business 

News 645, 745 Weather 
740, 840 News 745, 

845 Sport 7 AS Thought for 
the Day 846 Yesterday 
inPartement 

9.00 News 

945 tn Business. Peter Strath 
reports on initiatives 
being taken, and problems 
being faced, half areas 
of the business world (r) 

940 The Natural History 

Programme. Nick uavies 
and Fergus Keeling talk to 
Peter Greig-Sirath about 
new approaches to pest 
control. 

10.00 News. Medicine Now. 

Geoff Watts on the 
health of medical care. 

1040 Morning Story: Hurricane 
Higgins. How Are You, 
written end read by Harry 
Towb. 

1045 An Act of Worship (s) 

11.00 News: Travel: Tales from 
Paradise. June Knox- 
Mawer with memories of the 
British who went to the 
South Pacific (4) Putting 
Down Roots (rXs) 

11.48 Time tor Verse 

pre se nted by John 
Heatn-Stubte- Witti Tim 
t-Sm/to and Tessa 


1240 News: You and Yours 
Consumer programme. 

1247 FJm Star. Alexander 

Walker recalls the screen 
career of Michael Came (r). 
1246 Weather. 

140 The World At One: news 

1.40 The Archers. 1-55 

240 NewKt&oman's Hour. 
Presented by Sue 
MacGregor. 

340 News; The Afternoon 
Play. Into Injury Time by 
David Reid. With Garetn 
Arm st rong and Jane 
Knowles. School football 
story.(s) 

440 news 

445 Bookshelf: wales and 
the Welsh. With Die 
Jones. Emyr Humphreys. 
Dannie Absa and June 
Knox-Mawer. 

445 Kaleidoscope (last 


night's ecnor.) 

5.00 PM: Nev.-s macazme. 

5.50 Shipping *45 
weather 

6.00 News: financial Per&n 
640 Brain of Bmam 19B6. 

Nationwide genera' 
knowledge contest First 
round: Sour, (r) 

7.00 news 

7.05 The Archers 
740 Any Answers? A cnance 
to air your views on 
same cf toe subjects raised 
tn lest week s Any 
Questions' 5 

7.40 Taking the Warns, lan 
Bradley explores the 
spas ot Europe. 

8.10 anger’s Choice (new 
senes). Tenor, anc opera 
producer Nigel Douglas, 
talks about fis (avoume 
singers wnn recordings n) 
Victoria de los Angeles 

8.40 Frcfiie (new senes) 

9.03 Coes He Ta*.e Sugar 7 

For d^ableC listeners 
anC therr lam:;** 

940 Barrw Facto-i s Chinese 
Horoscopes (ri 

9.45 Kaiardoscope includes 
comment cn Ann e Gel 
Y>ur Gun. a: Chichester, 
iaiS A Book at Beotime: The 
Batoe cf Pollock s 
Crc-SSing (S). Read by Keith 
Dnrkei. 1049 Weather 
1040 The Ws rffi ToniQ-r 

11.15 The Financial v/prtd 
Tcmgm 

1140 Today m Parliament 

12.00 News: Weather. 1243 
Shipping 

VHF (available in England and 
S. Wales only) as aoove 
except: 545-640 am 
Weather Travel. 1.55-2.00 
pm Listening Comer. 5.50- 
5.55 PM (continued). 
1140-12.10 am Open 
Umversny: 1140 
Assessing toe Assessors. 
1140 History cl Rock ‘rv 
RoM. 

( Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 
end of Radio 3 listings 
6.55 Weather. 7.00 News 
745 Mommg ConcertWagner 
(Die Fenen overture). 

Liszt (BaDace No 2. m B 
minor: Horowaz.piano). 
DohnanvKRuratia Hungarica. 
Op 32b)! 5.00 News 
845 Concert: part two. 

Scheldt (Gailiard 
Battaglia). Mozart (Quintet in 
E flat K 452. for piano 


and wind, wtth Kontarsky. 
piano). Bruch Violin 
Concerto No 1: Anne-SopWe 
Mufter/Berim PO). 9.00 
News 

9.05 This Week’s Composer: 
Cberubtni. The overture 
au Babe, Strmg Quartet No 5 
in A minor, ana Act 1 
finale of Medea: Caitas. 
Mcdesh. PiccN and La 
Scala Orchestra and Choir) 

10.00 Faure Piano Music: 

Pascal Devoyon plays 
works nduding Three Songs 
without Words. Op 1 7; 
impromptu No 1 in E flat. Op 
25. and impromptu No 2 

in F minor. Op 31 
1040 Haydn: L'Esfro Armomco 
pl8y Symphony No 51 

11.00 SchuDart and Belton: 

Dennis O'Neill (tenor). 
Michael Ponock (piano). The 
Scnu&eri works include 

Da duel sembante appresi. 
and Non t accostsr all 
'urtia. Thes Benw works 
indude Malinnconia, 
rwnfa gemile 

1145 Six Continents: For Sign 
radio broadcasts, 
monitored by the BBC (r) 

11.45 Bournemouth SO (under 
Barahai). With Dimitry 
SrtkovKSky |Mokn).Part one. 
Mozart (5ympnony No 
41). Prokofiev (VkS'm 
Concerto No 2). 1.00 
News 

145 Concert (contd): Brahms 

(VBarianons on St 
Anthony Chorale). Strauss 
He poem TUI 


1.45 Maggie Cole: 

harpsichord recital. 

Coupenn (Ordre No 7), 
Safirastra (La 
maiesherbe). Durphly (Le 
pothouin) 

9 on La fiamma: three-act 

opera by Respighi, sung ’ 
m Italian. Hungarian Stab 
Orchestra/Hunganan 
Reao and TV Chorus, and 
soloists including Klara 
Takacs, Sandor Sotyom- 
Nagy and Ilona Tokody. 
Gardelli conducts. Act one. 
Act two at 3.10. and act 
three at 345. 445 News 

5.00 Mainly for Pleasure: 
musicai selection 
presented by Geoffrey Noms 

640 Symphonic Band of the 
Belgian Guide Regiment. 
Louei (Triumphal March). 

Leg ley (Before 
endeavours fade), Fotgn 
(Fneses) 

7.05 The TorceRo Papers: 

Trevor Eve reads the 
story by Benedct Blathwayl 

740 Halle Cfrchestra (under 
Stanislaw 

SkrowaczewskiL With Carole 
Farley (soprano). Part 
one. Wagner (Prelude for Act 
1 of Lohengrin). Berg 
(Seven Early Songs) 

840 Letter from Liverpool: 
talk by Raymond Tallis, 
Senior Lecturer in Geriatric 
Medicine. Royal 
Liverpool Hospital 

8.15 Concert part two. 

Bruckner (Symphony No 

9.10 The Georgies: more 
readings by John 
Franklyn-Robbins from 
Virgil's poem 

10.00 Music in Our Time: 

Uroboros in 

performances of works by 
Michael Finrassy 
(Catana), Gwyn Pritchard 
(Loilay. Bllay) and Alain 
Bancq uart (Ma maniere _ 


& ^ffiSSfSfoJ ura> ' 

ahufiaS Of p affnibon- — 

Radio 2 J 


( 


On medium wave. See Radio 1 

lor VHF variations 

"SiS OMin Berry f3)5J Q 

Ray Moore (s) 740 Derek Jameson 
Is) 940 Ken Bruce(s) 1 140 
Jimmy 


from tony DeAngeb te)1^ . 
pm David Jacobs (s) 240 Gloria 
Hunrutord ind Racmg from 
Newmarket 3.10 £24.000 Chari es 
Heidsieek Champagne Craven 
Stakes (s) 340 Datib Hamilton (s) 
542 John Dunn (s) 740 Walfy 
Whyton Introduces Country Club (s) 

940 Rhythm and Blues (PaU 
Jonesxs) 945 Sports Desk 1040 
The News Hudditnes. Roy Hudd 
with June Whrtfietd.Chris Bnmeti 
and the Huddtiners 1040 Star 
Sound Extra. Nick Jeckson film 
magazine 1140 Brian Matthew 
presents Round MWragto (Stereo 
from midnight) 140 am Charles 
Nova presents Ntghtrtde (s) 340- 
4 40 A Little Night Music (s) 

( Radio 1 

On medium wave, except for 
VHF variations. 

News on the haft hour from 640 
am until 940 pm and at 1240 
iradnqm. 

640 am Adrian John 740 Mike 
Read 940 Sunon Bates 1240 pm 
Newsbeat (lan Parkinson) 12-45 
Gary Daves 3.00 Steve Wright 540 
Newsbeat pen Parkinson) 545 
Bruno Brookes 740 Janice Long 
1040-12.00 Andy Kershaw (s) 

VHF Radios 1 ft 2. 440 am As 
Radio 2 1040 pm As Radio 1 
1240-440 am As Radio 2 

WORLD SERVICE 

840 Newadesk US Mature NoistxxA 
640 Farmoig Worm 740 News 748 
Tw e nty T our Hours 740 The Qbsbc 
AOM jms 7M Network UK 840 WoikJ 
News 849 Reflections 8.15 heemationai 
Soccer %Moe< 840 Joint PM >40 News 
949 Review of itie Bmeh Press 9.15 The 
World Today 940 RnancW News 940 
Look Ahead 945 Byways of Hotory 1040 
News 1041 Kmgs of Swmg 1140 World 
News 1149 News About Bmam ft. IS 
New Ideas 1145 A Latter From England 
1140 Asvgnrnent 1240 Redo Newsreel 
12-15 Top Twenty 1245 Spans Rowrdup 

140 News 149 Twenty-Far Hours 140 
Network UK 145 Renders, ana Swann 
240 News 241 Outlook 24S Jazz from 
Europe 340 Radio Newsreel 3.15 The 
Pleasure's Tors 440 Nows 449 Com- 
mentary 4.15 Assignment 5.45 Sports 
Roundw 840 News 849 Twenty-Four 
Hows 940 Business Matters 940 News 

941 Book Choice 945 In the Mea nti m e 
9.15 A Joey Good Show 1040 News 1049 
The World Today 1025 A Lew From 

1040 financial News 1040 
10.45 Sports Roundup 1140 
News 1149 Commen ta ry 11.15 Merchant 
Navy Programme 1140 Nature Nowoook 
IlifO The Fafmmq wond 1240 News 
1249 News About Bmam 12.15 Radm 
Newsreel 1240 Music Now 140 News 

141 Outlook 140 Renders and Swarm 
1-45 Book Chotoe 140 In the Meantime 
240 News 249 Review of the Bnaan 
Press 2.15 Treating for Tomorrow 240 
Opera by Instalments 340 News 449 
News About Britain 3.15 The World Today 
445 Flnanco) News 445 Reflections 540 
News 549 Twenty-Four Hours 545 The 
World Today. Ai tonecs in OUT. 


FREQUENCIES: Radio 1:1053kHz/285m;1089kHz/275nt; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kH/433m; Radto i i J215l^^^[nrcVHF -90- . 
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1458kHz/206m: VHF 943: World Service MF 648kHz/463m. 


HBCl WfALS. 5. 35 a m 1. 00 
w S t 1 . Wales today 945-740 Oantan- 


Ing togaitwr 1149-1145 Mtoml Vice 

1T45-1140 News end weaher SCOT- 

LAND 10J0m-1040 Dotomen84S- 
740 Reporeng Scotand. NORTHERN 
tRELA>aXL3Spra-540 Today's Sport 
540440 tostosUator 949-740 Go tor 
W 949440 SpatBght 1149-1145 
Nows and weattar B4GLAND 645pm- 
740 Regional news megazlnm 

pHAfiN EL^aSg^, 

Street 1049-1140 Embezzar 
140pm News 140 Home Cookery 145- 

240 Falcon Crest 340440 Couitiy 

OP 5.15445 Btockbustors 600445 

Chennai Report 740440 T J Hooker 
1040 Putting on the South 11.15 Sm Cen- 
times of verse 1145 Theta Holly- 
wood 12-ISeai The Umouchauea 1.15 
Ctosedown. 

TYNE TEES ^aaSm 


News 940 Sesame Street 1040 Na- 

ture of Things 1 1 49-1 140 Cartoon 
t-KIpm News 145 Looharound 140- 

240 Man to A Sutcasa 5,15445 Con- 

nections 840445 Northern Ufa 
749440 Falcon Crest 1042 Figh Mght 
11.16 Six Csnturiw of Verse 1146 
jMids Harvey. Closedown. 

CENTRAL ^^-2*0 


Horse Winmr* 1040 Lade Rascaa* 

11.00 Home Cookery 1145 About Britain 
1140-1240 Blockbusters 1 130pm- 

.140 Contact 140 News 149-240 Man In 
Be Sukcese 5.16645 Connections 

6.00 crossroads 945-740 News 740- 
840 Fafcon Crest 040440 Font 
'Night 1C3S Central Lobby 11J05 Stic Can- 
turiaa ot Versa 1145 Jess* 1245am 

Qoaeaown. 


REGIONAL TELEVISION VARIATIONS 


T1/C As London except: 948am 

Sesame Street 1040-1140 The 
Emb ezz ler 140pm New* 140 Home 
Cookery 145-240 Falcon Crest 340- 

4.00 Counpy GP 5.12-545 BkJCk- 
busieis 849445 Coast to Coast 740- 
840 T J Hooker 1040 Putting on the 
South 11.15 Six Centimes of vers* 1145 
■mat s Hollywood 12-lSemThe Un> 
touch a Dies 1 .16 Company. Ctosedown. 

HTV WEST ** Lomton ex- 
HI V WMI capt 945 Worip of 

James M«hener 1040 L<*e •" ■ 

Tropical Ram Forest 1045 Struggle Be- 
neath tne Sea 11 40-1140 Stress 
140pm News 140 Coimtry Practice 245- 
240 Home Cookery 5.15-545 Con- 
nections 6.00445 News 740-B 40 
Falcon Crest 1040 Weekend Outlook 
1045 John Cntcmey At Home 1145 A 
Woman's Race 1145 Su Certunas 
ot Verse 12.05am Ctosedown. 

HTV WALES fiffsa- 

1040 WOrid Of James Micnener 
640pm44S Wues at Six 1040-1145 
Wales This Weak 11.05-1 1 45 Age- 
less Ageing. 

TCVyAsLondonauwcSJSn 
Y ” F+rr. Aoomtnaote imovman 
1045 Max the Mouse 1 145-1 140 
Frrabaa XL5 140pm News 140-2.30 The 
Baron 5.15-545 Bcckbusiers 640 
Falcon Crest 748440 FaU Guy 1042- 
1140 Koiak t2.00 Party Wrm (he 
Rovers 1240am Postscript. Closedown. 

_ GRAMPIAN 

First Tfmg 540 Sesame Street T040 
TerrahawkS 1140-11.30 Man sno Jenny 
140pm News 1.30-240 The Baron 



5.15-545 Btockbusters 640-645 North 

Tomgnt 740 Off rant Strokes 740- 
840 Falcon Crest 1040-1140 Mapp end 
Lucia 1240 Livirm aM GrtXMng 

1240am News. Closedown. 

RORDFR AsUxxIoneiioept 
DUmJCh !L2Sam Sesame Street 

1040 Fikn: There'S Always 8 Thixs- 

day 1145-1140 Cartoon 140pm News 

140-240 Man *1 a Sutcasa X30- 
440 Young Doctors 8.15-5-45 Connec- 
tions 749440 TJ Hooker 1049- 
1140 V 1240 Closedown. 

GMNADA^STbrannda 

Reports 940 (stand ai die Show 
1045 w*a AwnBi Famwes 1140 Matt 

end Jenny 1145 About Britain 11-55- 

1240 Granada Reports 140pm Granada 

Reports 1 40 Country Practice 245- 

2.30 Home Cookery 349440 Young 

Doctors 5.1SHL45 Connections 940 

Granada Reports 5-38-645 TMsiB Your 
Right 740 Chids Play 940 Falcon 
Crest 940440 Brothers McGregor 1040 
Fignt Night Speaai 11.15 Sot Centii- 
nes of Verse 11-45 Miadar. She Wrote 
12.10am Ctosedown. 

S4C Starts 140pm Coiaitdown 

IJOASca 2J)0 Ftatabalam 2.15 
Interval 240 Racmg 440 VMxk( of 
Ammanon 445 Hamer Awr Fwy 545 1 
Dream of Jeanne 645 Brookside 

7.00 Newwkbon Salth 740 O Bynea I 

Bobman 840 Dysgwyr 845 Omas 
9(B Hlfl Street Blues 1040 Prospects 
1140 Fim: juiaset Jan* 140em 

Ctosedown. 

YORKSHIRE 

Groovte QnouliM 9-50 Man and Jen- 


ny 10.10^ Terranawks 1045 MU World of 

Ammats 1145-1140 Under me 
Mountain 124fton>-140 C ale nda r Lunch- 
time Live 140 News 149240 
Carson's Law 545-546 Connections 
&4954S Calendar 740-840 T J 
Hooker 1040 Fight Nntn 11.15 Six Cen- 
times of Versa 1145 Hardcutie and 
McConnick 1245am Ctosedown. 

1045 Carwon 19.40 Caiifomia High- 

ways 1145-1140 Fabulous Funmas 
140pm News 140-240 Fakxm Crest 

S. 15-5.45 Stocfcbusters 640-645 Abom 

Angha 740 Anything Goes 749-840 

Simon end Simon 1040 The Guardians 

11.00-1140 Camoridge Folk Festival 

12.00 That's Holywood 1240am A 
Woman's World. Ctosedown. 

SCOTTISH M Lortoon ex- 
YVH * 1 * 01 * * 4 .URa cepe azsem Sesame 
Street 1045 Adventures of Jeremy 

1045-1140 Tarzan 140pm News 140 

Bodyfme 145240 SVnon and Simon 

340-440 Whiskers and Wat Noses 5.15- 

SA5 Btockbustors 84024S News 
and Scotland Today 740 Taka toe Htgn 
Road 740-940 Falcon Crest 1040 
Cnmo Desk 1045 PoaWvoly Unemployed 
1145 Six Centuries of Verse 1145 
UteCa* 11.40 Studio One -In Concert 
tZ 10am Ctosedown 

ULSTER A» London except 
Mw? 1 Ea B45PBI Sesame Street 
1045 Cartoon tore Big lea 1140- 
1140 Smats 140p» Lunchtime 140- 
240 Man in a Suitcase 3 40-4. 0 0 
Country Ways 5.15-545 Connections 
640 Good Evsnmg Ulster 64S04S 
Peace s* 1040 Coumerpomt 1140- . 
1140 Modal Ma»c 1145 Movie 
Makers 1245am News. Ctosedown. 


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THURSDAY APRIL 17 1986 


The carnival is 

nearly over 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, St John's, Antigua 


There being no realistic 
chance of their scoring the 4 i I 
needed to win the fifth Test 
match, sponsored by Cable 
and Wireless, here yesterday. 
England set about saving it 
But soon after lunch, when 
Gooch went for 51 and the 
score became 101 for four, 
they were in danger of yet 
another defeat 

It was the second day 
running that Ellison, after 
being not out overnight had 
played a useful part with the 
bat in England's first innings 
he added 52 with Gower. 
Now. having gone in as 
nightwaichman. he lasted un- 
til 10 minutes before lunch, 
putting on 70 with Gooch and 
being removed only by a 
shooter. 

Having worked out how 
best to use his height and the 
length and line when bails can 
be safely left alone, he has 
come quite to enjoy the chal- 


lenge of survival. Nor. of 
course, as a bowler is he under 
the same pressure when he 
bats as the batting specialists, 

England's ambitions did not 
extend beyond a draw. They 
may have been encouraged in 
this by the views of Peter May, 
who said when he was in 
Barbados last month that the 
rot had to stop, which meant 
the run of defeats must be 
ended. 

After Richards' lour deforce 
on Tuesday, followed by the 
almost immediate loss of 
Slack and Robinson. England 
can have had little confidence 
yesterday for a long rearguard 
action. But with Gooch, as 
well as Ellison, in stubborn 
mood and no sleep lift in the 
pitch for the fast bowlers. 
West Indies lacked the en- 
couragement and impetus of 
an early wicket- 

Whcn Harper bowled his off 
breaks for a while the batsmen 


Richards stands well 
ahead of the rest 

Vivian Richards's superlative innings of 110 not out on 
Tuesday sets him well clear of the field as scorer of the fastest 
Test match hundred of all time in terms t>f balls received. How- 
ever. as the accompanying tables illustrate, he stands only fifth 
in terms of lime (Marcus Williams writes}. 

It is because of the decline in Test match and other first-class 
over-rates — in 1930 England bowled 22 overs an hour against 
Australia, whereas ihe average for the current senes in West In- 
dies is 12 over an hour and in county cricket around 18 — that 
the measurement of a batsman's innings in balls rather than 
minutes has been adopted as the fairer system. The problem is, 
though, that only in the Iasi decade or so have scorers 
consistently kept records of the number of balls faced; figures 
for earlier Innings have therefore been worked out retrospec- 
tively — and then only where access to the original scorebooks 
has been possible. 

The fastest hundreds in all first -class cricket for each category 
were scored by Percy Fender (Surrey v Northamptonshire, 
1920) and Steven O'Shaughnessy (Lancashire v Leicestershire. 
1983, against occasional bowlers) in 35 minutes and by David 
Hookes (South Australia v Victoria. 1982-83) off 34 balls. 

The full sequence of Richards's innings. 1 10 runs from 58 
balls, was as follows: 

0.0.3, 6 . 1 . 2 . 6 . 1.4. t, 0,2.1. !.orTEAKT,2.O.1.1.1.2.0.ai.1.1.0 1 

0. 0. T. 0. 1. 6. 2. 4. 4. 4, », J. 2. 0, 0. 6, 6. 4, 6. 1. 2. 0. 0. 2 1, 0. 4 (103). 6, 1. 


Comparative tables 

BaBs 

56 I V A Richards W Indies v England 

67 J M Gregory Australia v S Africa 

71 R C Fredericks W Indies v Australia 

Minutes 

70 4 M Gregory Australia vS Africa 

75 GLJessop England v Australia 

78 R Benaud Australia v W Indies 

S Africa v Australia 
W indies v England 


80 JHSmdair 

81 IVARichards 


1985-86 

192t-22 

1975-76 

1921-22 

1902 

1954-55 

1902-03 

1985-86 


could feel a sense of respite, 
well deserved after a torrid 
opening hour against Holding 
and Patterson. There was the 
smallest crowd of the four ; 
days, but the carnival atmo- 
sphere which is such a jolly 
feature of cricket in Antigua ( 
was still abroad. 

In the second over of the , 
afternoon Marshall put down 
Gower, a straightforward re- 
turn catch, when Gower was 
two. Marshall could scarcely 
believe it. But in the over after 
that Gooch, having just 
reached his 50. was leg-before 
to Holding, playing back. Un- 
like his first tunings dismissal, 
this one looked out and again 
ihe ball kept low. If a lunch 
score of 87 for three was one 
England would have settled 
for at the start of play, they 
were now obviously in 
trouble. 

Next to go was Lamb, 
scuttled by another low bail. 
With only 60 runs in his last 
six Test innings, he has gone 
the way of most of the other 
batsmen. That Gower was still 
there when the afternoon 
drinks came out was largely a 
matter of luck. Besides being 
dropped by Marshall he had 
been beaten any number of 
times and given the benefit of 
the doubt in a leg-before 
appeal which produced a tan- 
trum from Marshall. 

Scoreboard 

WEST INDIES: FkM tarings 474 (D L 
Haynes 131, M 0 Msratu* 76. M A 
Hok£ng 73, R A Hsrpw BO}. 

Second minings 

D L Haynes run out — 70 

R B RWardsoo c Robinson 

bEMturay 31 

*1 VARfdwdsnet out 110 

R A Hamer not out — — - 19 

Extras 9. «1.nbZ) 16 

Total {2 wkts dac) 246 

C GGraeridge, HA Gomes, +f JDujoo. 

M 0 Maraud, M A Hotting, J Gamer and 
8 P Patterson rid not bat 
FAU. OF WICKETS: 1-100, 2-161. 
BOWUKGc Botham 15-0-78-0; Foster 16- 
04(H): Eiriwey 14-083-1; Effison 4-0- 
32-0. 

ENGLAND: First timings 310 (D I Gower 
90; W N Start S2, fi A Gooch 51; J Gamer 
4 far 67). 

Second taring* 

G A Gooch few b Hotting 51 

W N Stack b Gamer — — — ■ 6 

R T RoMmon ran out 3 

RMESsonRrwb Gamer 16 

*C I Gower not out — 7 

A J Lamb b Marshal 1 

MW Gatting not out. 0 

Extras Z. 32 

Total (5 wkts) 11* 

I T Botham, fP R Downfall, J H Entturey 
xndN A FoswtottaL , 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-14 *39, 344, 4- 
101, S-112. 

Unities: CCumbertatch and l. Barker. 1 



Crusader's etmffient 


Bulwarks of the vrorid: Underwood is baulked by Farr-Jones (left) and Est&ve 

South wins centenary battle 


TENNIS 


Relief of the marathon 


By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 

British Lions ...» 7 

Overseas Unions — — 15 

The southern hemisphere, 
essentially the basis of the 
Overseas Unions side, added 
10 their dominance of the 
north by beating the British 
Lions in Cardiff yesterday by 
two goals and a penalty goal to 
a try and a penalty in the first 
of the > International Rugby 
Football Board centenary 
matches, sponsored by Save & 
Prosper. It took them until the 
final minutes to do so. howev- 
er, a try by Simon Poidevin 
effectively settling the match. 

Both squads were presented 
to the presidents of the four 
Home Unions and those (or 
their representatives) of the 
Overseas Unions before the 
game began. Earlier in the day 
the overseas team had been 
forced to make a change when 
a muscle injury to Loveridge, 
the New Zealand scrum half, 
failed to respond to treatment 
and his place was taken by 
Farr-Jones. bringing 
Australia's representation to 
seven. 

The skies were darkening 
over an Arms Park that looked 
little over half-full and heavy 
rain greeted Hastings' kick- 
off. The enthusiasm of the 
Lions for their task was made 
evident by Whitefoot's early 


and illegal charge and the 
fearsome packing-down of 
their scrum. Significantly, 
however, it was the overseas 
team which put together the 
first dangerous handling 
move, Farr-Jones escaping 
down the right before Dever- 
eux, sliding in like a footballer, 
booted a loose ball 60 metres 
in the opposite direction. 
Ringland forced a scrum but 
Rutherford completely mis- 
cued his drop goal attempt 

Blanco prompted an instant 
response and Lynagh was not 
for from the first try when he 
charged down Rutherford's 
clearance, only for the ball to 
squin over the dead ball line. 
The score was not long de- 
layed; Jones was forced to 
carry over from Blanco's teas- 
ing kick ahead and from the 
fivemetre scrum Farr-Jones 
was held, then allowed to 
squmu clear for a try convert- 
ed by Lynagh. 

The Lions had an opportu- 
nity to draw level when Jones 
broke dear after Deans had 
heeled against the head. The 
young scrum half galloped 
into the overseas* 22 but 
Devereux, with Underwood 
dear outside him, spilled the 
pass. 

An absence of unity at half 
back hindered the Lions' ef- 
forts and they lost Dooley 
with a leg imury after a half 
hour of play- He was replaced 
by Paxton, a 1983 lion, at the 


same time as Hastings, after 
an earlier effort had hit an 
upright, halved the deficit 
with a 36roetre penalty after 
being the recipient of a dan- 
gerously high tackle. 

Local elation increased 
when Ringland established the 
maul from which the front 
row stole - if that is the right 
word for such solid gentlemen 
- away, linked with Jones and 
Underwood, and Paxton 
made the running for Beattie 
to crash over in the corner. 
The joy was tempered by the 
loss of a second Lions’ player, 
Rutherford receiving some 
heavy treatment in a maul and 
leaving in a daze to be 
replaced by Dacey just before 
half-time. 

Despite Dooley's absence 
the Lions had established a 
significant advantage at the 
lineout, although their scrum 
was under heavy pressure and 
the heel sluggish. Farr-Jones 
showed all the acumen we 
came to expect of him on tour 
last season and the lead re- 
turned to the overseas team 
when Lynagh punished a tme- 
out offence and was narrowly 
wide with a longer effort 
shortly after. 

The difference between the 
short spacing of the overseas 
midfield players and the con- 
ventional spacing of the Home 
backs was most noticeable, 
but Slack's players were limit- 
ed by lade of possession. 


Ringland and Devereux, sup- 
ported by Hastings, showed 
the potention of the Lions* 
backs with a SO-metre break 
which deserved but did not gel 
a score. 

There were only six minutes 
left of proper tune when 
Esteve was at last set free on 
the left, Blanco supported his 
countryman and Poidevin. as 
involved for his team as 
Jeffrey was for the Lions, rook 
the final pass. 

SCORERS: British Lions Tty: Beat- 
tie. Penalty: Hastings. Overseas 
Unions: Tries: Tarr-Jones. 
Poidevin. Conversions: Lynagh (2). 

A G Hastings 

(London Scottish and Scotiandfc T 
Iff Ragland (Balynwra and ire- 
landlBJ Mu*o (Dobferi Untonaty 
and freiandk J A Devereux (South 
Glamorgan institute and Wales), R 
Underwood (Leicester and En- 
gland); J Y Rutherford (SeWrit and 
Scotland; rep: M Demy Swansea 
and Wales), R N Jonas (Swansea 
and Wales); J WMtefooC (CanSff 
and WWes), CT Deans (Hayrick and 
Scotland, eapt). D G ROGerafcl 
(Lansdowns and Ireland), J Jeffrey 
(Kelso and Scotland), DG Lenten 
(Cork Constitoition and Ireland). W A 
Dooley (Preston Grasshoppers and 
England; rep; 1 AH Paxton (SeMrk 
ana Scotland}, N J Catr (Ards and 
Ireland). J R Beattie [Glasgow 
Academicals and Scotland). 
OVERSEAS UNIONS: S Blanco 
(Rancek P Esteee (Pi); A GSack 
Mus. capo. 16 P Lynagh Mus), J J 
Kkvran(NZr. W R Smith (HZ), H J 
Panstones (Aus); E E Rodriguez 
(Aus), T A Uwtoft Musi G A KSflb* 
(NZ). M W Staw(NZ), SAG CuBer 
(Aus). SVP Burner (SA) S P 
po*d*vtn (AusX ■* oMmned (HZ), 
Referee: R C Bands (NZ). 


“She seems to be fast rfgjri ear 
of the box. We appear to have a 
decided edge upwind in ftegfe 
14 knot muds today, amt hare 
about .the saute speed 
downwind,’’ be enthused after 
foe British yacht had returned 
to its dock in Fremantle. The 
two crews intend to engng* 
tuning up agamst eachnuber 
en d pba to fauM a short series 
of informal match races new 
week, - . 

■WMMOTMWWMH ‘T.. ' 

With Britain’s second -12 
metre - how registered under 
foe a «me Crusader H — on * 
strip bound for Perth, jriwd 
syndicates and foreign press are 
over themselves to jrijgfo 
pictures taken of this nfra 
Hofiom design before foe crew 
managed to shrood foe note 
secretive aspects of foe yacht 
when lifting her oet of foe water 
fast week. *"• 

One who (fid catch a. imma- 
ture glimpse of foe 
wdefeody told of a fmfmi 
fedrastife ted m to which has 


By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 


Blazey holds his fire on ‘rebel’ tour 


Colin Hess, referee of the 
British Home Stores tourna- 
ment, was in no mood to 
enjoy his afternoon tea at the 
Cumberland Oub. Hamp- 
stead, Yesterday. The natural 
sprinkling system that makes 
England such a green and 
beautiful land had restricted 
play to a total of seven games 
on five courts - plus six 
matches shifted across Lon- 
don to indoor courts at 
Queen's Club. There was play 


at Hampstead in the evening 
but by that time most people 
had lost interest 

An additional court book- 
ing at Queen's should permit 
10 matches to be played there 
today if necessary. The players 
have also reluctantly agreed to 
play doubles on Cumberland's 
synthetic grass courts, which 
drain quickly but tend to be 
greasy and rather fast The 
players are also willing to play 





[ VV?\V ' 


Business 1 bis’ nes) 1A.-S. bisigness (BUSY. - 
NESS)), n. serious occupation, work; professional 
affairs; buying and selling; nan of business: One 
engaged in mercantile transactions; one skilled 
is business; business-like. a. Suitable for or 
befitting business; bosiness suit. re. {Am.) A 
lounge suit. 




LL OUR SHOPS STOCK A WIDE RANGE OF SUITS 
TAILORED TO SUIT BUSINESS 


at 8.30 in the morning or 
under floodlights in the eve- 
ning. One match was suspend- 
ed on Tuesday at 9.53pm. 

Hess and the tournament 
director, John Feaver, have to 
juggle the cost of two wet days 
with the possibilities of two 
clubs, three surfaces, the likeli- 
hood of an extra day's play on 
Sunday, and a variety of 
related staffing problems. 
Feaver has taken off eight 
pounds in five weeks while 
training for Sunday's London 
marathon, a challenge that in 
some ways could be a relief 
after his Hampstead 
headaches. 

Three seeds disappeared 
from each singles event on 
Tuesday. Two did not even 
play. Danieia Moise, of Ro- 
mania did not turn up and 
-'Sadiq Abdullahi” (Nigeria) 
vanished without trace when 
asked to prove his identity. 
Other superficially suspicious 
competitors are genuine. Al- 
fonso Gonzalez (Belgium) is a 
Mexican who has played in 
Belgium for five years and has 
a Belgian wife. Alvaro Jordan 
(Colombia) explains that Jor- 
dan is pronounced differently 
in Colombia, where all the 
Jordans are related. 

Finally, Micbal Baroch is an 
Australian whose Czechoslo- 
vak parents emigrated because 
of the 1968 Soviet invasion. 
That is exactly what happened 
to the better known Jakob 
Hlasek (Switzerland), which 
explains why these 
“Australian** and “‘Swiss'" 
players get on well together, 
stay in each other's home, and 
converse in a language hardly 
anyone around them 
understands. 

The better known players 
and ex-players at Hampstead 
yesterday were mostly 
transients. They included Jo 
Dune, Sue Barker. Buster 
Moitram. Richard Lewis and, 
of course. Feaver. Moitram, 
like Roger Taylor, is thinking 
of expanding his coaching 
work with Britain's leading 
players. 

Yesterday Moitram ad- 
vanced an interesting argu- 
ment. These days, he 
suggested, full-time tennis 
could make more sense — for 
the right kind of players — 
than an education extended 
beyond O levels without much 
prospect of a job at the end of 
iL 

WOMEN’S SINGLES; First round 
160 unless stated): S Reeves bt A 
GfunteW. 6-4, 6-1; S Sullivan bt G 
Falkenwrg (US), 6-1. 6-0; L 
VanOborg (DenHjt M Reinadh (SA), 
6-4. 6* E Fofcher (Fr) bt H 
Sstartehnar (WG). 6*T. 6-3; J Wood 
btSTSmms. 6-3. 6-2; B Borneo bt K 
Hand. 6-4. 6-2. 


Ces Blazey. the New Zea- fully aware of the conse- 
land Rugby Union president quences should they decide to 


is stubbornly resisting pres- 
sure from his country's pro- 
vincial unions to act swiftly 


go ahead with the tour”. 

Although 13 of foe 18 
council members were in Car- 


By Paul Martin 

conse- “very much tied up” with a wealth Games in Edinburgh, 
tide to hectic schedule, though be the New Zealand Common- 
conceded that a quorum was wealth Games Association 
le 18 available. The meeting was and David Lange, the 
n Car- not necessary, he told me, country's Prime Minister, 


preparing for a “rebel” tour to 
South Africa 

Ten of foe H provincial 
unions have sent him a tele- 
gram demanding an emergen- 
cy meeting of the New 
Zealand Rugby Union Coun- 
cil, at which punishment for 
the players would be decided 
on and communicated to foe 
•rebels". 

The telegram read: ”In view 
of the extreme reaction of the 
New Zealand public and the 
immediate and long-term ef- 
fects on foe game in New 
Zealand, foe council should 
determine what action should 
be taken against players and a 
decision should be communi- 
cated immediately to them, 
preferably in a face-to-fece 
meeting.” 

The unions asked that this 
be done before foe “rebels” 
played any matches in South 
Africa “so that they will be 


Fenwick’s 
big fear 

Terry Fenwick, the Queen's 
Park Rangers captain, fears 
that the Football Association 
have already decided to deny 
him a last chance to stake a 
claim in EnglMd’s World Cup 
squad. Fenwick faces a disci- 
plinary commission today, 
two days before he is due to 
lead QPR in foe Milk Cup 
final. 

If he is suspended, he 
will not be considered for 
England's match against Scot- 
land next week. 

Fenwick said yesterday. “I 
thought the idea of a commis- 
sion was to sort things out on 
foe day: ii appears they have 
prejudged the issue.” 

Dunnett’s plea 

Jack OunnetL the Football 
League president has ap- 
pealed for first division club 
chairmen to attend the ex- 
traordinary meeting on April 
28. He fears there will be 
empty seals when clubs vote 
on a restructure, as Philip 
Carter, the Everton chairman, 
has been authorized to vote on 
behalf of l** clubs. 


aft safasj 


ing Dr Craven that such a tour 
was “totally unacceptable”. 

All requests for players to 
tour abroad had to be made 
officially through the union, 
he told Dr Craven, and not 
privately. “As I’ve had no 
direct response from him I 
shall now do it again in 
writing,” Mr Blazey said. He 
expressed confidence that his 
fellow council members 
would support his action. 

He was contemptuous of the 
South African argument that 
foe tour was not foe South 
African Rugby Union Board’s 
responsibility since one of 
their provincial unions had 
organized iL The players and 
organizers had taken legal 
advice before leaving New 
Zealand. 

. Fearful of the possible im- 
pact of the row' on African 
participation in the Common- 


first of two . 

es marking the International 
Rugby Football Board's cente- 
nary — and this constituted 
more a quorum — Mr Blazey 
said that they would have only 
“an informal chat”. 

Arriving at foe National 
Stadium, Cardiff he said he 
had not vet seen the telegram. 
Dr Daiue Craven, foe South 
African rugby chieC who was 
also at the stadium, refused to 
comment 

Despite foe furore back 
home, foe New Zealand rugby 
councillors here seemed keen 
to dampen any demand for 
precipitate action. Displaying 
a meticulous regard for for- 
malities, Mr Blazey said a 
meeting of his council was not 
necessary nor was it 
practicable. 

The players had not played 
a match; and the council 
members in Britain were 




tour 

Africans of deception and 
subterfuge. 

Most if not all, of foe- New 
Zealanders in Cardiff are said 
to be planning to join the 
“rebel” tounAndy Dalton, is 
reported to be the captain. Mr 
Blazey said foe players were 
here to play rugby and should 
not be disturbed. 

While most of New 
Zealand's rugby establishment 
have until now favoured con- 
tinued ties with Sooth Africa, 
their objections arise mainly 
from the way foe tour tins 
organized. 

“It wouldn’t matter if -foe 
tour was to Alaska.” one 
council member. J J. Stewart, 
said. “It’s the way they went 
behind our backs . that we 
object to.” To which a player 
retorted: “If we had applied 
officially they would have said 


Royal Oak, developed fb£de 
1983 America's Cm to* *4fe- 
carded by Peter de Savory as 
befog too radical, 

• i ; 

• Following the British 
syndicate's recent search fir 
mmefe-tatrad grants to t«3wr 
foe winches, Keva Parry's 
Task {Voce deface grocp hove 
lunched a nationwide: -font 
Down Under for Arfftr abefct 
types te sene on the fores 
Kookaburra 12 metres. - 

The eye-catching job deswip- 
tmn placed hi newspapers 
throughout Anstrafia bestlveek 
read as foBswa: *V jwmh* 
iofelfigeat, have (dotty.: of 
strength, <pfck reflexes, agpfity 
and gate you hive a gad 
chance of racing aboard one ol 
the Kookaburras. Sailing expe- 
rience beneficial bat net e&tttt- 
tad. Qukbe-aaers, vrshps, 
raids, Braces, tyre-kickers or 
gnmdios need not apply.” * 

After foe recent amnanoc- 
ment tint foe Canadian Tree 
North Syndicate had called a 
halt to (heir operation* & 
appears tint another North 
American group have m into 
financial trouble- After men 
poor showing at the ra»U:12~ 
metre world dnmtpgoraSmffoe 
Courageous Syndicate, headed 
hymstnaneriatiaa m a nafo B ter - 
er Leonard Greene, were meet- 
ing in emergency session in 
Newport yesterday ta decide 
whether to continue with, the 
development of a new boat er 
disband the prefect 

Austrafiaa defence pfanscan- 
tioue at a hectic pace. Ait a 
moor ceremony outside : foe 
Sydney Opera Haase on Mon- 
day, Syd JFSscber w® seprfoe 
teimcfting of his Peter -C&& 
designed 1 2-metre - to-be 
caffied Spirit «f Anstralk tf 
Qantas, the tide fodders, sBow 
- while in Perth coostracti ii (d 
Ahn Bond's Australia DG(hs 
reached foe framing staged 
trafonLestetisteistor 
dun Australia ID, winner i^foe 
recent world dmmpioashfo,'ia 
an effort to better theheaij ah 
perfonnanre displayed by fitec 
Paint's French Kiss, the «p£y 
other boat to win two races 
during font series. . 

Barry Picktball 




Wri 




. s:'-\ -VI 



s»".. ,v£. 

Fenwick: ’prejudged’ 

The long run 

Sydney Maree, who missed 
tire 19§4 Olympic Games 
because of injury, has 
switched to longer distances 
for the 1988 Games. Maree 
will run his fim 10.000 metres 
since 1980 at Philadelphia's 
Penn Relay Carnival and will 
then concentrate on tire 5,000 
metres. 


Bold Eagles 

Sheffield Eagles will break 
new Rugby League ground on 
Sunday when they start their 
home game against at 630pm 
rather than 330, an experi- 
ment aimed at attracting a 
family audience 

Sports course 

British Tissues are backing 
a £110,000 scheme winch 
offers 250 youngsters the 
chance of an all-expenses raid 
coaching weekend. The 
scheme features courses in. 
football, swimming, tennis, 
cricket and gymnastics. 

England win 

England’s Junior Squash 
Club yesterday overturned the 
settlings of the junior world 
team championships in Perth, 
Australia, beating the top , 
seeded home team to win tiuar : 
pool play-off for first entry to 
Saturday's semi-finals (Colin 
McQuillan wiles). j 

Extra support j 


SQUASH RACKETS j 

Soutter an unknown 
quantity to Cardwell 

By Colin McQmHan 


60th World Cup hockey tour- ; 
namenL ai WUJesden Stadi- 
um, north London, from 
October 4 to 19, have received 
£75,000 from foe Japanese 
computer company, NEC, fol- 
lowing earlier sponsorship 
from Puma. 


Vida Cardwell, in search Of 
her fifth tide in foe Hi-Tec 
British open squash champi- 
onships, today feces an unfa- 
miliar but daunting obstacle 
in the shape of Locy Soutter, 
England's teenage national 
champion. 

The 29-year-okl Australian, 
who retired two years ago to 
start a family, has returned to 
foe sport's top flight and in 
yesterday’s second round at 
Dunnings Mill, East 
GrinsteacL took just 20 min- 
utes (conceding one point) to 
overwhelm her compatriot, 
Michele Toon. 

Not to be outdone. Miss 
Soutter, aged 19, gave away 
one more point than that to 
Jill Ben field, of Kent., but was 
off court within 19 minutes. 
The British girl has risen so 
speedily from thejnnior ranks 
to challenge the best in the 
world that she has never 
shared a court with the tough 
Australian, who dominated 
tire women's game until her 
early retirement She claims 
respect but no fear for the 
former world champion. 


Among the top women 
players, however, there:- is 

S uume alarm at the return of 
rs Cardwell, winner of four 
successive British Open tides 
up to 1983: Even foe world 
champion, Susan Deva&.-of 
New Zealand, seeks her third 
successive title here knowing 
the Australian easOy defeated 
her foe last time they met — in 
the 1 983 world championship- 

Philip Kenyon, the BritU 
men's champion,. crushed Si- 
mon Taylor, of Leicester, $-2, 
9-1, 9-3 m 35 minutes. .- 

MEN: Second round: J Khan (Paid 
bt C WHstrop, 9-1. 9-0, 9-Zr.J-U 
Sodarbera (SweJ MO Poarson*9-3. 
9-2, 8-1: P Kenyan bt S Tavtor. 9-2. 
9-1. 9<£ S Davenport m2) bt U 
Hayat Khan (Pak), 8-7, 9-1. 9 * H 
Jahan bt K Karam (SA), 9-5. 9-3; 9-3: 
G Pottard (Aus) bt B AJmswom 
1 ). 9-3, 3-9, 9-2, 10* M 
sotameade bt C Jones. 6-9, 9-4. 9- 

a 8-i. 

WOMEN: Saeond 


Geeves, 9-3, 9-2. 9-6; V’Catowtil 

A Comings MM BurfcefmWLW. 
9G; LOpfe ( bt D CaMw*kAl>i. 
9-1. 9-6; T Smith (Aug) bt SBradey 
(AUS), 9-7, 4-9, 9-lVSW.