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.. v - - :«•■. 


, S — 


No 62,434 


shot and television journalist kidnapped in Lebanon 

Three Britons killed: 400 

# Arab extremists in Beirut killed three 
British hostages, kidnapped a jonraal- 
fet and attained the residence of the 
Bnftsh Ambassador with rocfcete 

# European envoys in Libya are anx- 
iously making pints for their Mtwn»fa 
to leave the country after the arrest of a 
Briton in. Benghazi 

0 saved in jet 

Human time-bomb 

515 i 

• Police are looking for a man accused 
of trying to plant a time bomb on an El 

Ajflight from- Heathrow to Tel Ariv 
with 400 passengers and crew on board 

# Mr Neil Kinnock, in furious ex- 
changes in the Commons, accused Mrs 
Thatcher of haring ahandon^ the 
hostages to their fate 

~* -V' 4 ^ • Extremist Arab groups in 

^ Lebanon have killed flaw 

***;/ ^British hostages, kidnapped a 
i«ntish television jomxtalist 
v “' 4 . ^ V and attacked the British 

By Richard Dtnvdea 

Cs *> \ 

- ^ ^ ? 


. - 

vr*». v ** 

vryi.-, . H 

and attacked the British 
Ambassador’s residence in 
Beirut with rocket-propelled 
grenades, in bloody retaliation 
against Britain for the bomb- 
ingof Libya. 

The bodies of the three 
Britons, Mr Alec Cofleff aged 
64, a freelance journalist 
working for the United Na- 
tions, who was kidnapped in 
March last year, Mr Leigh 
JDoagbs, aged 34, a university 
teacher, -and Mr Philip. 
Padfidd, aged 40, the director 
of the International i ang na gf 
School in Beirut, both lad - 

.Nidal group of. Palestinians. 
There had been unofficial 
contacts over his release be- 
tween Britain and the group 
which calls itself the Revolu- 
tionary Organization of So- 
cialist Muslims, who have 
d eman ded the release of two 
Palestinians serving prison 
sentences in Britain for the 
attempted minder of Mr 
Shlomo Argov, the Israeli 

^rsu.J ■ ii napped three weeks ago, were 
• fouod, yesterday morning at 

Geoffrey Smith 
European debate 
Soviet reaction 
David Watt 
leader, letters 

•’ V X -Sn 

->p ’ - touna yesterday morning at 
Eoweisat Sofar, about ten 
miles east of Beirut. AD three# 
t had been shot in the head. 

.... r'^i A message dated Wednes- 
* ;^*a day, left by the bodies, linked 
i their deaths directly - with 
y Britain’s involvement in the 

"* * • American attack on Iiby& 

“ ■—» Issued by the “Arab Comman- 

. do CdT, the statement said 

r '». that their execution had been 
' IT* - “in retaliation for the new 
Nazi policy spearheaded by 
a the international terrorist 
Reagan and his decision to 
■ ' ^ - 5 launch aggression on the Arab 

^ ^>'5 people in Libya.” 
v it attacked Britain’s “direct 

■^■sn .* support”for the raids by the 
United States Air Force and 
ua igave a warning that “Ameri- 
,r --sCM i ^can and British terrorists win 
" a h 'or be targets for pur attacks’Vit • 
;. referred lotheihrce men as an 

:‘Tei=£ agent of the Central Imeffi. 
if! it..:: gence Agency and two British 
‘n't ■ »• 2 j intelligence officers.. - ; . 

•. The bodks wcre in Druzo- , 

..ij. r+ !: controlled territory; just out- . 
j: side the Syrian: froHaufe^^tBi 1 

v T . - it is befievedJhatMr Gjfletr 
was being bdd by. the Abu 

Ambassador, in 1982. Al- 
though Nidal hashed contacts 
with Colonel Gadaffi he is 
more closely linked with Syr- 

The bodies were identified 
by Mr John Rowan, an Irish 

ana ther of Leigh Douglas, speak- 
ing from his home mStaiham, 
be- Norfolk, blamed his son’s 
o**p death on Mrs Thatcher’s deci- 
olu- sion to allow the Americans to 
So- toe the British bases for the 
ave Libyan raid, 
two “if those planes hadn't left 
son from Britain my son would 
the stiD be alive sow. Tm very 
Mr bitter about ft,” he said, 
aeh Earlier yesterday Mr John 
— Patrick McCarthy, a televison 
4 journalist, aged 29, was ab- 
4 ducted by gunmen as he drove 
o to the airport to leave Beirut. 
q He was traveling in a convoy 
with five Lebanese 
24 when the road was blodred by 

16 a car occupied by four gun- 

17 men. They forced Mr 
McCarthy’s driver Kazem out 

Al- of the car and drove off in it. 
tcts No one was injured and later a 
^ ts previously unknown group 
>yr- calling itsdf the Crescent of 
Gadam rfaimed nsqxmsfoit- 
Sed ity. 

Tsh Mr Robert Burke, vice- 

attempt foiled by 
Heathrow security 



•. ■ .twF? 

tat who knows the jour- president of the l«n<i«wiJij)yH 
community in Bwrut Woridwide Television News, 

u * — ..... . . 

A police photograph of the man sought in connection with 
the attempt to plant a human time-bomb at Heathrow. 

weft. He visited the American which is jointly owned by 
University Hospital where the fTN, America’s ABC and 


! - "htSj; 

~ v ■> i^r 

•.Ajuan .* 

'j— ^ 

bodies had been taken and 
positively identified them. 

Australia’s Channel Nine, said 
that was the latest news they 

The British Ambassador, had and they grin did not 
Mr John Gray, was still trying know the whereabouts of Mr 

late last night to gain access to 

the bodies, however, and the 


“We are trying to make 

Thousands seek 
to flee Tripoli 

An Arab terrorist secretly 
planted a time bomb in the 
luggage of his pregnant 
girlfriend, planning to use her 
as a hnman time- bomb to ktU 
more than 400 passengers on 
an El Al flight from London to 
Tel Aviv yesterday. 

The 10lb bomb, timed to 
explode after the Boeing 747 
took off, was hidden in a false 
bottom in the woman’s holdall. 
It was discovered when she 
arrived at an El Al security 
check in Terminal One at 
Heathrow airport yesterday 

The woman, who is southern 
Irish and in her late twenties, 
worked as a hotel cleaner in 
London, where she met the 
Arab a year ago. 

She was on her way to 
Israel, where the Arab said be 
would marry her. He had told 
her he could not travel on El Al 
as he was an Arab, but would 
follow on a later plane. 

The alarm was raised when 
El Al staff searching the bag 
became suspicious but the 
woman's boyfriend , named by- 
Scotland Yard as Nezar 
Hindawi had vanished. 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

iy Armed police combed the give any details of the man 
te airport as explosives experts apart from saving that he 
at worked in Terminal One to visited London from time to 
er disarm the bomb but the Arab time but they issued a 
31 vanished. photograph. 

ib Police are unsure whether He is described as 5ft JOin 
[a he is still in Britain or swiftly tall with black curly hair, 
escaped on a flight to Europe greying at the sides, 
to and all airlines at Heathrow The Crip was booked and 
17 were asked to check passenger paid for by the Arab. They are 
te lists. believed to have travelled to 

[L The Yard’s anti-terrorist Heathrow by taxi early yester- 

braoch issued a description of day morning and are thought 

the Arab yesterday as they 
continued to qoestioo the 

Commander George Chur- 
chill -Coleman, head of the 
anti-terrorist branch, said 
there was a very real possibili- 
ty that the girl bad been duped 
by her boyfriend and there was 
no question of charging her at 
the moment. 

Mr ChurduU-Coleman said 
the bomb was an “improvised 
explosive device ^Jt was viable 
and would have exploded mice 
the aircraft was airborne. It is 
highly likely it would have 
resulted in the loss of the 
aircraft and the 400 passen- 
gers and new 

The police have refused to 

to have arrived soon after 7.15. 

The woman was flying on El 
Al flight number LY016 which 
was due to leave at 9.50am. 

The woman, in a blue dress, 
and the man in a chocolate- 
coloured suit and light col- 
oared raincoat, talked for a 
time in the public section of 
the terminal building which 
has recently became the base 
for El Al flights from London. 
The two then parted. 

The woman checked in for 
her flight, waited in the depar- 
ture lounge with her luggage 
and then went to the pier 
where passengers were 
perarisg to board for the Ei Al 
flight at gate 23. 

Continued on page 20, cot? 

Foreign Office in London was contact ou the ground, but we 
not aide to confirm that the have had' no cnmmiiniratin n 

From Robert Fisk, Tripoli 

Thousands of British and on their last arrival are expeet- 

frodies found were those of the yet with his captors,” he said. 

. three Britons. . a . -we are not giving out any 

Throughout the day their personal details atthe request 
families were kept in suspense ofhis jamBy.” 

“We axe not giving out any 

~st h -or 

tr.: ?; 
■ • ni 


i\ 'X< 

and were warned by the Mr McCarthy had been in 

Foreign Office to expect bad Beirut for almost a month and 

had made several trips to the 

In Washington; Pre si dent city before. . 

Reagan - condemned- the " - Tn another incident rocket- 

kSfings and said that they propelled grenades were fired 
showwr thd nefed for .for :_an at the residence of the British 

international joint •, effort- Ambassador in west Beirut 

against terrorism. . -• • 

' MrEdgar Douglas, the fa- 

Mr Gray was not there at the 
; CMtfned oa page 20 , csi 8 

•>•2 “K: 

J- :: t? 



• -*s 

John McCarthy (frft) and the dead Britos, Atec Collett, Philip PadfieM and Leigh Douglas 

other foreign uatiouais in 
Liiyya are anxious to leave the 
country, as European embas- 
sies are orgentiy discussing 
whether they should organize 
an evacuation. 

The arrest of a Briton in 
Benghazi shortly after the 
American air raids on Libya 
this week has increased the 
concern among many of the 
5.000 British citizens here- who 
feel that — at least for the 
present — they should send 
their families home: but hun- 
dreds of British oil workers are 
living far out in the desert and 
there is little chance that they 
could even reach Triptiti in the 
present period of tension. 

Colonel Gadaffi desperately 
needs to maintain his Europe- 
an and American workforce 
whose technical skills in oil 
production, computers and 
industrial technology are vital 
for Libya’s continued oil pro- 
duction. In his televised 

i <3 


Pledge on terror 
even at cost of life 

speech on Wednesday night, 
the colonel went out of his way 

l-.- «•**• 

• More anti more 
readers are joining in 
The Times' unique 
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relaunched this week 
as Portfolio Gold. There : 
is a daily prize of . 

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From Ririiard Owen. Paris 

After the discovery of bod- ism, then we grant victory to 

res of British hostages in the terrorists.'* weekend — has created fear 

Beirut yesterday, in apparent Sir Geoffrey, attending a among the 8,000-stroag In- 
direct reprisals against Britain meeting in Paris of EEC ian community that they may 
for backing the American forsigD ministers on the Liby- be refused exit visas if they 
military strike against Libya, an crisis, said that to argue wish to leave. 

Sir' Geoffrey Howe, Foreign that Britain should cease the In normal times, it can take 
Secretary, said that the deter- fight against Libyan- backed up to six days to obtain such a 
mined tight against Colonel terrorists because it could permit and it is highly unlikely 
Gadaffi and Libyan terrorism ■ endanger British and other that the Libyans would now 
had to go on —even at the cost lives would be “to grant a wish to facilitate a vast exodus 
of fives. charter to the indefinite and of foreigners. 

me colonel went out ot ms way 
to reassure foreign workers 
that they would be protected 
as guests in Libya. 

Nevertheless, reports of 
Italian workers being ordered 
to move to military bases — a 
threat originally made by Col- 
onel Gadaffi himself last 
weekend — has created fear 
among the 8 , 000-strong Ital- 

ian community that they may 
be refused exit visas if they 
wish to leave. 

In normal times, it can take 
up to six days to obtain such a 
permit and it is highly unlikely 

ed to flock to the airport once 
scheduled flights resume. 

Since Britain severed diplo- 
matic relations with Libya in 
1964, Britons here have been 
represented by a “British in- 
terests section” at the Italian 
Embassy, an office currently 
run by Mr Hugh Dusnachie. 
the British Consul. He has 
already held, meetings with 
several hundred British busi- 
nessmen and while not urgm^, 
them to leave, has advised 
British citizens to stay off the 
streets as much as possible 
until the political situation has 
clarified. He refuses to discuss 
the arrest of the Briton in 

The Italian, Greek, Spanish 
and South Korean embassies 
as well as the British Consul 
have been receiving enquiries 
from hundreds of their citi- 
zens still in Libya. Ambassa- 
dors were at one point 
discussing a mass airlift of 
their citizens to Europe or an 
evacuation by road to Tunisia 
— if the Libyans could be 
pursuaded to open their bor- 
der - but have so far reached 
no final decision. 

Tripoli, al least, returned to 
something approaching nor- 
mal yesterday. Shops and 
offices have opened and taxis 
were again operating, albeit at 
exorbitant prices. 

for deaths 

America criticizes 
European allies 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

By Anthony Bevins 

Political Correspondent 

Mr Neil Kinnock night 
blamed the Prune Minister for 
the deaths of the Lebanon 
hostages, saying they bad been 
“abandoned to their fate”. 

But after a Commons state- 
ment on the killings, the 
shelling of the Beirut Embassy 
residence and the Heathrow 
bomb-find, Mr Timothy Ren- 
ton. Minister of State at the 
Foreign Office, told MPs that 
careful consideration had 
been given to the implications 
of Tuesday's raids for the 

He insisted the Govern- 
ment could not allow its hands 

Deep disenchantment with 
Western Europe, with the 
much-praised single exception 
of Britain, is sweeping through 
the Reagan Administration in 
the pc-ina! aftermath of the 
raid on Libya. 

Criticism of the allies 
flowed freely from senior 
White House officials yester- 
day. They said President Rea- 
gan would express bis feelings 
personally at the economic 
summit meeting in Tokyo 
next month. 

Mr Reagan's immediate 
strategy will be to broaden the 
US- Li by a conflict into the 
wider dimension of collective 
Western action against ter- 

Mr Larry Speakes, the 

III^IIIWUIU IIUI iboiiHiiuo _ > pm - j . j 

to be tied by the threat of Whue House spokesman, said 

terrorist reprisal. yesterday that “many mielh- 

. genoe sources have reported 

t a »^- r “ various things to us” about 
ateT: ^} ai l .ketr Colonel Gadaffi 's position, 

complicity in the Amen can ^ 

action the Government did , e ar £ 1,01 prepared 
abandon people who were make a public statement abj 
hostages, and apparently his^hc^hom^^i^add 

alive, to their fete. f^^**^** 2 ^ 

“They did not make suffi- 
cient calculation of consider- 
ations like these in giving their 

“I say ‘they’, but I do not 
think it was* ‘they’ at all. I 
think that the critical deci- 
sions were made by the Prime 
Minister alone.” . • 

Earlier, Mrs Thatcher relat- 
ed to the Commons the report 
of Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, on his Paris 
meeting with other EEC min- 
isters. “I understand . . . Eu- 
rope is prepared to take 
further measures. We now 
have to work at turning that 
general willingness into specif- 
ic measures. 

"If anything, the need to do 
that has increased because of E 
recent events and we shall j 
pursue ihe matter I 
vigorously,” she said. E 

“We are not prepared to 
make a public statement about 
his whereabouts.” he added. 

o' u 


?\ U 

n un*? 

zine contain a gold 

• If you have any <fif- 
ffeufty obtaining one, 
details of where to 
apply appear on page 3. 

• One reader won 
outright yesterday’s 

£4)000 prize — details . 
page 3. 

• Portfolio list, page 
30; rules and how to 
play, page 20. 

of lives. 

* Sir Geoffrey expressed his 
“anguish*' for the families of 
victims but said it was not 
possible to undertake a suc- 
cessful campaign against ter- 
rorism without risk being 

“That is wiry terrorism is 
such a dreadful method of 

such a dreadful method of 
advancing a political or any 
other cause,” said the Foreign 
Secretary, “but if we were to 
say for that reason that we 
cannot take determined and 
effective action against terror- 

unrestrained continuation of 

Asked if the Government 
intended to evacuate British 
citizens from Libya on the 
grounds that they were now 
lai$ets for retaliation. Sir 
Geoffrey said there was bound 
to be concern among all 
Europeans who lived and 
worked in that country. 

But die Government had 
made it dear that Britons who 
lived in Libya did so on their 
own risk. 

of foreigners. 

Hie reopening yesterday of 
Tripoli airport — where Liby- 
an bomb disposal experts said 
during the morning that they 
were defusing un exploded 
American missiles — will ease 
the mind of many Europeans. 

Libyan Arab Airlines were 
scheduling three flights to 
Europe, one of them to Lon- 
don, during the evening while 
Swissair and Alitalia are also 
planning to resume their ser- 
vices. Europeans in Libya who 
routinely obtained exit visas 


, A 

He could not say specifically 
whether Colonel Gadaffi was 
still in Libya. 

France, in particular, came 
under strong criticism from 
officials for refusing to allow 
American bombers to fly over 
its territory. Mr Caspar Wein- 
berger, the Defence Secretary, 
expressed “considerable dis- 
appointment” with the French 
Government, whose action 
had required the planes to fly 
twice as far to reach Libya and 
increased the risk to the crews. 

He did not mention Spain, 
which also refused permis- 

The obvious hope now is 
that the raid will destabilise 
the position of Colonel 
Gadafti, leading to a coup. 

White House officials ac- 
knowledged that the Adminis- 
tration had made periodic 
secret contacts with political 
opponents inside Libya in 
recent years, without much 
success. “Trying to work with 
them is very difficult.” one 
official said. 

State jobs fall 

Base rates 

Army role in prisons dispnte 

Hurd studies mass release 

By Philip Webster, Political Reporter 

and out 



1 ‘ 1 


Unattractive Civil Service pay 
levels and bureaucrats’ poor 
public image have been 
blamed for a 3 per cent drop 
in applicants of the right 
calibre last year 

Page 3 

On this day 

On April 18, i860, Tom 

By David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

The high street banks are 
expected to waste little time 
reducing their base rates after 
another strong rise for the 
pound yesterday and cuts in 
interest rales elsewhere is 

The pound rose by 1.8 cents 
to 51.5217 and the staling 
index gained 0.4 points to 

7 fi g. Larer in New York the 
Sayeis. boxing cfampmnof cfilflbed to £ 1 . 5310 . 

England, fought the ; Amencan P* prices, in anticipation of 

A mass release of prisoners 
on short sentences is being 
considered by the Government 
after yesterday's vote in favour 
of industrial action by prison 


Mr Doqglas Hard, the 
Home Secretary, told the 
Commons that the Govern- 
ment had a range of contingen- 
cy measures to maintain the 
safety of the public and the 
security of prisons in the event 
of the Prison Officers’ Assori- 

nms iuto many thousands, but 
powers exist under the 1982 
Criminal Justice Act 

• Emergency legislation to 
allow prisons on remand to be 
remanded by the courts in 
their absence, thus avoiding 
frequent trips to cosrt when 
the; have to be accompanied 
by prison officers. 

• The transfer in large num- 
bers of prisoners to police cells 
and army camps fa areas 
where prisons are unable to 

Mr Hard said: “We do not England’s tour of the Caribbe- 
seek confrontation. Our chief an. which finished on 


f5S?A , nJSSn Iiwasthe Share prices, in antiripairoa of atfon going ahead I with fados- ^ 

John C. Hrenan. R * lower borrowing costs, rose trial action after May 7 if its ^ 00 ™™^ 

Pare 17 strongly. The Financial T1m« dispute over nranning terete will depend on the 

Pnze Ring rules rage 30 -share index gained 21.8 and overtime has not been eaent ^ , f 

Home New? M 

Overseas W2 leaders 

Amts 23 U 1 *®*? 

19 Mowing » 

ni rifa AatfaL ONtnaiy ® 

Partonem *2f 

21 -36 Site Room 5 
COM 18 SdeaCe .2 

eSw TV*** 0 22 

FeataeS J4J6 1 Weather 

* * * * ft ft 

30-share index gained 21.8 
points to 1401.8. 

Base rates could fall by as 
ranch as one point to 10 per 
! cent. Such a cut would trigger 
a mortgage rate reduction 
from the present I2percenu 

Official figures released yes- 
terday showed industrial pro- 
duction and productivity flat 
and unit wage costs in. manu- 
facturing rising by neariy 7 per 
cent a year. Details, page 21 

and overtime has not been 

Government sources made 
dear fatter that the options 
under consideration in relieve 
the burden on non-striking 
staff faefade: 

• The release by executive 
order of the Home Secretary of 
all non-violent offenders with 
less than six months of their 
sentences to run. The number 

isolated strikes take place, it h 
prepared to move prisoners in 
convoy from jail to jail. lathe 
event of an all-out strike, the 
use of froops dearly caanot be 
rated oat. 

' Bat Mr Hurd, who told 

efforts over the coming days, 
as fa the last few weeks, trill 
continue to be directed to 
resolring the dispnte." 

Mr Hurd said overtime 
made np 30 per cent of prison 
officers* earnings, which was 
not a sign of tie best ase of 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, the 
Shadow Home Secretary, said 
the overwhelming majority for 
industrial action was to be 
expected because the prisons 
were bursting at the seams 
with almost as many inmates 
as the Home Office had 
predicted for 1993. 

“What kind of government 
is it under which we have a 
record crime wave, a unani- 
mous vote of no confidence m 
the Government by the Police j 
Federation and an overwhelm- 
ing vote for industrial action 

rK nS^Mtrtce*?' J 0 * vofc ** «d*»frfal action 
priso n offi cers prison officers?” 

vote, said that industrial sc- * *" 

tiou was unnecessary. Courts threat, page 2 

Wednesday with Wes Indies 
completing their second 
successive 5-0 clean sweep 
emeiges with few redeeming 

Managerial influence and 
inspiration appeared to be 
lacking and the team’s indif- 
ferent — and well-publicised — 
attitude towards net practice 
only compounded England’s 
inferiority. There was an 
alarming shortage of practice 
facilities but the West Indians 
were the ones who practised 

England's batsmen, with 46 
Test centuries to their credit. 1 
failed in dramatic and whole- 
sale fashion. The highest first- 
class innings of the tour was 
Gower's 90 in the final Test 
John Woodcock, page 40 
• Twenty-one New Zealand 
rugby players arrived in Jo- 
hannesburg yesterday for a 
six-week unofficial lour Of 
South Africa. 

Swindon goes a long way to meeting big business's 
needs - by being a short way from everywhere that 

London is 50 minutes by train, Heathrow an hour 
by road. The opening of the M25 has slashed journey 
times to Gatwick. 

And the town's digital communication services 
make it one of the most advanced telecommunication 
centres in the UK. Facilities here include X-stream and 
will soon be enhanced by System X. 

No wonder Swindon is connected with some of 
the biggest names in national and international 
business - most recently, Honda and IBM-Rolm. 

Do you have the right connections? Get the Fact File. 

Contact Douglas Smith, Industrial Adviser, 

Civic Offices, Swindon, Wilts. Tel: 10793) 26161 
or Telex: 444449 . « 





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Privatization of water, 
gas and electricity will 
cut costs, minister says 

By Anthony Berios * Political Correspondent 

Fears that the privatization 
of gas, water and electricity 
would push up prices and 
lower safety standards were 
dismissed yesterday by Mr 
John Moore. Financial Secre- 
tary to the Treasury. 

He told a London confer- 
ence organized by the Institute 
for International Research: 
“The importance of these 
utilities to the economy is an 
excellent reason for privatiza- 
tion. For in the private sector 
they will have (he freedom 
and incentives to serve their 
customers more efficiently. 

“We would expect to see 
charges lower than they would 
otherwise have been had the 
businesses stayed in the public 
sector. If British Telecom had 
not been privatized, do you 
really believe that its regulated 
charges would have increased 

by 3 per cent less than the rate 
of inflation each year?” 

But Mr Tony Blair, a La- 
bour spokesman, told the 
same conference that consum- 
er complaints to Oftel. the BT 
watchdog, had increased by 
almost 70 per cent since 
privatization in November 

Figures provided by Mr 
Blair showed that between 
August and December 1984 
there was an annual rate ol 
complaints of 6.746, which 

rose to 8.744 last year. In the 
first quarter of this year 
complaints were running at an 
annual rate of 14.806. 

He said that there was a 
pricing pattern emerging un- 
der which BT subsidized 
transatlantic and peak rate 
national calls by levying high- 
er charges for local and cheap 
rate calls; local call prices for 
this year had been “hiked" by 
7 per cent while business cafl 
charges rose by 2 per cent. 

Mr Blair said a recent 
survey showed that local calls 
were higher than in any com- 
parable country and 40 per 
cent higher than in the United 
States or Germany. 

“This is just what you 
would expect when a vital 
service is privatized. Service 
to the public becomes of 
secondary importance to prof- 
it for the shareholder." 

Mr Moore had said earlier 
“The combination of private 
enterprise and effective regu- 
lation is going to give people a 
better deal in terms of costs 
and service than they could 
have had from the public 

“Remember under the last 
Labour Government electric- 
ity prices went up by an 
average of 2 per cent every six 
weeks. And whether you take 
the last 10 years or the last 20 

years, the feet is that national- 
ized industries' prices have on 
average risen significantly 
faster than the Retail Price 

Mr Moore also said that the 
Government planned to im- 
prove arrangements for gas 
and water safety and environ- 
mental protection as pan of 
the privatization process. 

He told the conference that 
by next year direct state 
involvement in industry 
would have been “nearly 
halved” “The programme 
will continue until all State- 
owned commercial industries 
are returned to where they 
belong — to the private 

• A future Labour govern- 
ment would immediately start 
to “deprivatize" hospital ser- 
vices, Mr Michael Meacher. 
chief Labour spokesman on 
social services, told National 
Health Service managers yes- 

Directions would go out to 
all health authorities to stop 
putting out to tender domes- 
tic, laundry and catering ser- 
vices and to phase out existing 
contracts when they came up 
for renewal Standards of ser- 
vice would be rigorously mon- 
itored, with contracts ended 
for those who defaulted. 

Kenneth Fleet, page 21 

Prisons dispute 
threat to courts 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

face milk 

Courts and solicitors will be 
among those affected by in- 
dustrial action aimed at caus- 
ing administrative chaos in 
the jail system . prison officers’ 
leaders said yesterday. 

Home Office Prison 

The majority of members of 
ie Prison Officers Associa- 

tive Prison Officers Associa- 
tion backing action is over- 

whelming : 80.87 per cent of 
the 16.206 votes cast 

the 16.206 votes cast 

Thai will be translated into 
guerrilla operations, the na- 
ture of which will not be 
announced before they take 
place, to take the Home Office 
by surprise and thwart contin- 
gency plans, association offi- 
cials said. 

The same anion will not 
take place everywhere. Offi- 
cials say they do not want to 
produce undue hardship for 

But Mr David Evans, gener- 
al secretary, said: “Everyone 
will be affected by our action, 
that is inmates, prison offi- 
cers, visitors to inmates, the 
courts, solicitors, prison gov- 
ernors and probation officers, 
but most importantly the 

The Home Office played 
down the vote yesterday by 
saying it was not surprising. 
“It is as much as anything else 
at this stage, a loyalty vote." 
The real lesi for the national 
executive committee was wbai 
to do with its mandate. 

By John Young 
Agriculture Correspondent 

About 18,000 dairy fanners 
in England and Wales face 
“fines" for producing too 
much milk in the year which 
ended last month. 

However the payments. 

which are called a “sujxiievy" 
and work out at about £125 
each, are unlikely to cause 
much resentment. The feet 
that total production was only 
an estimated 0.2 per cent 
above the EEC-imposed quota 
of 12,402 million litres is seen 
by the Government and the 
Milk Marketing Board as 
highly satisfactory. 

Last year British dairy form- 
ers were held to have overre- 
acted to the quota system 
imposed in 1984, leaving 
creameries last summer short 
of supplies. 

Since then, the Government 
and the board have been 
urging farmers to increase 
production lest a second 
shortfall persuade the Europe- 
an Commission to cut the 
British quota still further. 

Prison officers last night 
complained of intimidation. 
They said the Prison Depart- 
ment had threatened officials 

at Highpoint Prison, Suffolk, 
with use of the Official Secrets 

Act if they communicated 
with the media. 

At Bedford officers were 
told that if they took part in 
any action they would be 
suspended and not allowed to- 
retum unless they signed a 
declaration not to participate. 

Mr Alan Taylor, vice-chair- 
man of the association, said 
that the assaults by inmates on 
staff had more than doubled 
in the six months up to the end 
of 1985. 

into Summer 

LONDON: 25. THt/RLOE PLACE. S.W- (OJ-5W 230*} J-U CAMDEN ROAD. N.VI (01-M5 2«3) 



Dr Runcie Scientists 
meets report * 
women frozen egg 
clergy pregnancy 


King Hussein of Jordan leaving Westminster Abbey after the service, sarrotmded by body- 
guards (Photograph: Harry Km). 

Tribute to a great Arabist 

The irony of a celebration of 
Anglo- Arab brotherhood in 
Westminster Abbey only two 
days after aircraft took off 
from England to bomb tire 
Libyan mainland would bare 
saddened, bat perhaps might 
not have surprised. General 
Sir John Glubb, the last of the 
great English Pashas. 

A thanksgiving for his ca- 
reer was observed yesterday 
at a memorial service in 
Westminster Abbey, in the 
presence of King Hussein of 
Jordan, tire man who dis- 
missed GInbb Pasha from his 
position as command er-in- 
chkf of the Arab Legion, 
marking a watershed in the 
development of twentieth-cen- 
tenry Palestinian nationality. 

After the service Sir John’s 
son, Mr Fans GInbb, said that 
his father would have had a 
message for tire worid amid its 
present anxieties: ‘‘He would 
have made a call for peace and 
a plea for tolerance: That 
would have been bis message", 
be said. 

King H ossein, in an nn- 
scbednled address to the coo- 

By Pan! VaBeiy 

greaation, spoke of GInbb 
Pasha’s profound impart on 
the Kingdom of Jordan in tire 
inter-war years and said be 
belonged to a unique genera- 
tion of Englishmen who dedi- 
cated their lives to tire Arab 
world ami had fostered the 
growth of an exempbuy rela- 
tionship between his native 
land and his adopted country. 

“His retirement should have 

been tire most natural of emits 
but regrettably tire retirement 
became embroiled in the whirl- 
wind of international pofitics", 

of Gtobb Pasha limThTthe 
hearts of tire Jordanian 

It was a plain and robust 
ceremony of remembrance, 
which began with the deposi- 
tion of the general’s medals 
and decorations by his grand- 
son, Mr Mubarak Glabo, and 
an officer of the Hashemite 
Army, who wore the tradition- 
al red headdress, in which 
GInbb Pasha was seen in the 
photographs which made him 
a figure of romance among the 
public in Britain in the post- 
war years. 

Lieutenant-General Sir 
John GInbb: “Greater than 
TE Lawrence". 

Lawrence of Arabia, bat to the 
Bedoein among whom he' 
worked in the deserts of Syria 
and Jordan, Ghrbb Pasha had 
long been considered a greater 
man than TJE. Lawrence, the 
general’s biographer Major- 
General James Lent, said in 
the address. 

The Archbishop of Canter- 
bury. Dr Robert Runcie, 
private meeting yesterday 
with a delegation of women 
clergy, who are not recognized 
by the Church of England, and 
laywomen, supporters of fe- 
male ordination. 

Drawn from several prov- 
inces of the Anglican Commu- 
nion overseas, tire nine cteigy 
and six laywomen were select- 
ed to represent those taking 
part in a “thanksgiving for 
women’s ministry" at Canter- 
bury Cathedral tomorrow. 

Dr Runcie has already de- 
clined to take part in the 
Canterbury service, but he 
agreed to see a representative 
group at Lambeth Palace 
instead. . . , 

Sources dose to the arch- 
bishop said he did not want to 
appear to be taking tides on 
such a controversial issue, as 
he felt his role was to hold 
both sides together. The Gen- 
eral Synod is due in July , to 
consider whether to recognize 
women priests ordained 
abroad, and further proposals 
connected with the ordination 
of women in En g l an d. 

A new campaign against 
women priests is to be 
launched next week in the 
Church of England. Called 
Women Against the Ordina- 
tion of Women, it is led by Dr 
Margaret Hewitt a leading 
member of the General Syn- 
od, in close much with the 
Bishop of London, Dr Gra- 
ham Leonard. He has already 
agreed to take part in the 
association's first activity, a 
service of prayers against 
women's ordination, on June 
22 . 

Up to 2,000 women from all 
over the country are expected 
to attend the main service, 
which is said to be the first 
gathering of Anglican women 
of its kind. 

Sources in both the Church 
of England and the Roman 
Catholic Church have cos- 
finned that an exchange of 
letters is taking (dace on the 
issue of women priests be- 
tween Pope John Paul Q and 
Dr Runcie, with the Pope due 
to reply. 

Scientists in Australia have . 
recorded the first pre gnancy 
from a deep-frozen hitman 
esc, in a development .that 
may have fer-reachicg snpb- 
c atio ns in die ethical debate * 
on test-tube babies. 

The ability to achieve a 
pregnancy by freezing, thaw- 
ing. and then impbatingess 
in patients, could mean that 
the storage of human embryos 
would no longer be accessary. 

As a result, the controversy 
over “spare" embryos, and 
research by sdenustsoa them, 
might be substantially 

The first successful attempt 
at the new technique is report- 
ed in today’s issue of The 
Lancet by a medical , team in 
Adelaide. Australia. “It may 
ultimately help » alleviate 
some of the serious objections i 
and concerns tetefedto hu- 
man embryo sto rage.” the 
says. A twin pregnancy 
in a 29-year-old woman, wtro 
had been infertile for seven 
years, has resulted from their 
work. . 

Until now. scientists have 
been concerned about the 

freezing the eggs, although 
freezing embryos, eggs 
fertilised with sperm, has led 
to successful pregnancies and 
births of a small number of 
babies in the last two yeara. 

However, the- Adelaide 
fpam has shown that the eggs 
can be successfully frozen at 
minus 196 degrees C stored 
and thawed, And then fertil- 
ized and replaced into the 


Ship derision 
delayed again 

Violence fears at 

A decision on whether 
Hariand and Wolff shipyard at 
Belfast or Swan Hunter, the 
Tyneside shipbuilder, should 
set a £240 million shipbuild- 
ing contract has been delayed 
for the third time. 

The . Cabinet’s economic 
oomntittce yesterday again 
discussed where the order for 
two Royal Fleet Auxiliary 
vessels should go and a state- 
ment is likely to be made next 
week. A derision had been 
expected in mid-March. 

‘loyalist’ funeral councils ask 

NUJ vote for 
political fund 

By Garin Bell 

By Pearce Wright , Science Editor 

Ulster's Protestant commu- 
nity buried its first victim of 
police plastic bullets yesterday 
amid fears that the killing 
could spark further violence. 

More than 500 mourners, 
including Unionist MPs, at- 
tended the funeral ceremonies 
in Lurgan. Co Down, for 
Keith While, aged 20, who 
died on Monday, two weeks 
after being struck on the head 
by a plastic bullet during 
rioting in Portadown on 
Easter Monday. 

Armed police maintained a 
low profile as the cortege 
passed by and there were no 
incidents. But a “loyalist” co- 
ordinating committee called 
for demonstrations outside 
police stations throughout the 
province during the evening. 

Evening rush-hour traffic in 
Belfast was seriously disrupt- 
ed as crowds gathering outside 
police stations overflowed on 
to roads. 

Mr White was the thirteenth 
person to be killed by plastic 
bullets since they were intro- 
duced in 1973. 

His death has led to calls 
from loyalist leaders for plas- 
tic bullets to be banned, and 

for an independent inquiry 
into the incident A police 
investigation was taking place 
and a report is to be sent to die 
Director of Public Pros- 
ecutions. •* 

The Government is being 
asked to intervene in a plan to 

dose the 300-year-old Royal 
Greenwich Observatory. Lo- 

At one point during the 
funeral, the Rev Ian Paisley, 
leader of the Democratic 
Unionist Party, helped to 
carry the coffin. Crowds lining 
the roads were silent and 
passive, but a security forces 
helicoptor hovered above the 
town. The biggest police pres- 
ence was was at a Catholic 
housing estate dose to the 
cemetery, where armoured 
Land Rovers stood guard. 

Mr White's father had ap- 
pealed for calm and for no 
violent protests, but Protes- 
tant anger at the Anglo-Irish 
Agreement was dearly height- 
ened by his sot’s death. 

One well-dressed young 
man watching the ceremonies 
said: "If the politicians do not 
get this agreement scrapped 
within a few weeks, all bell will 
break loose. It is not just the 
hardliners in working-class 
communities any more." 

Greenwich Observatory. Lo- 
cal authorities in Sussex and 
Sussex University have united 
to press for a review of the 
proposals before irrevocable 
action is taken. 

A decision to dissolve the 
observatory at its site at 
Herstmonceux Castle, in East 
Sussex, was taken by the 
Science and Engineering Re- 
search Council, which is the 
largest of the five councils 
allocating money for basic 
research in the natural sci- 
ences, medicine, agriculture, 
the environment and 

Much of its work would be 
transferred to Edinbuigh or 
Cambridge or Manchester af- 
ter 1990. 

According to Mrs Joan , 
Mont, leader of East Sussex 

made about matters of con- 
cern to scientist and layman 

The plan has raised protests 
because of the secrecy sur- 
rounding the financial argu- 
ments. and the scientific 
reasons for making the move. 

A statement yesterday from 
the new group, pressing for a 
thorough public review, sug- 
gested that the wrong ques- 
tions were asked 

Rather titan ask “should it 
be moved?”, the question 
seemed to have been “where 
should parts of it go?”. 

So thosewho might benefit 
from a breakup at Cambridge 
and Manchester Universities, 
or the Royal Observatory at 
Edinburgh, and who were 

Delegates 4t the National 
Union of Journalists annual 
conference in Sheffield gave 
overwhelming support yester- 
day to a move for a political 
fund baDoL They instructed 
the union’s executive to take 
the necessary steps to ballot all 
35.000 members. 

Four years ago, a move fora 
political fond was rejected. 
But then it was coupled with 
affiliation to the Campaign for 
Nuclear Disarmament 

Seamen halt 

ship crossings 

party to .the discussion on the. 
future, were immediately di- 

County Council, “a decision 
behind the closed doors of the 
Science and Engineering 
Council on this matter, with- 
out public justification for the 
reasons, can only damage the 
credibility of the process by 
which important decisions are 

Picket arrests 

Seamen yesterday stopped 
all Townsend Thorenson 
ships operating out of 
Felixstowe, and the dispute is 
set to spread . 

The National Union of 
Seamen halted the passenger 
vessel Viking Voyager sailing 
to Zeebrugge yesterday be- 
cause it claimed its 46- man 
crew bad been cut by 10. 

A policeman was slightly 
hurt and 10 people arrested 
early yesterday in picket line 
violence after a much of 600 
demonstrators to News 
ImernationaTs printing plant 
in Wapping, east London. 


Science report 

fight to 
keep seat 

Intensity is key to training for marathon run 

By Peter Davenport 

The High Court may be 
asked to rule on the accuracy 
of the town hall clock in 
Rochdale. Lancashire, birth- 
place of Grade Fields. 

Mr Jim Haggerty, a local 
councillor, claims it has cost 
him his chance of retaining his 
seat in next month’s local 
council elections because it is 
renowned for being a few 
seconds fast. 

When he arrived to hand in 
his nomination papers he 
found he had forgotten to 
bring his candidates’ accep- 
tance form. He was handed a 
replacement and rushed out to 
find a witness to sign it.By the 
time he returned the town hall 
dock had just finished chim- 
ing noon, the deadline for 

Last night Mr Haggerty, 
who first sat on the council as 
3 Social Democratic Party 
representative four years ago 
but became an Independent 
18 months ago. said: “I am 
consulting solicitors wiib a 
view to going to the High 
Court to nave the clock ruled 
inaccurate and my nomina- 
tion accepted as valid." 

No one checked on the day 
that the clock was accurate 
against GMT. he said. When it 
was checked against the Brit- 

By Andrew Wiseman 

Of aboat 20,000 nnmers in 
the London Marathon on Sot- 
day, more could cross the 
finishing line than will, white 
others conld finish In a faster 

The nnmers will probably 
have trained hard enough bat 
they may not have known 
about or may have ignored, 
scientific evidence that would 
have helped them in their 
marathon preparations. 

There are three basic ingre- 
dients, apart from unlimited 
dedication, that make up the 
training schedule of athletes 
competing in events in which 
endurance plays a significant 
part. They are frequency, da- 
ration and intensity. 

Athletes should be helped 
by a report in file latest issue 
of Olympic Review, the official 
publication of the Olympic 
movement. It explains why 
and when they might be faced 
with the need to change their 
routine: to reduce the nmnber 
of training sessions, for in- 
stance, or to lengthen the 
duration of each period. 

Based on work done by 
researchers in the United 
States, who investigated the 
contribution made by cite three 
basic training elements, the 
report states that an athlete 
forced to abandon a regular 
training routine must maintain 
its intensity at the expense of 
frequency or duration. , 

The scientists set up a two- 

phase experiment. First, vol- 
unteers underwent a period of 
endurance tr aining , and each 
individual was measured ac- 
cording to the following 

• Frequency: x times a month 

• Duration: y boms 

• Intensity: z miles/ 

When at the end of that 
phase all athletes had im- 
proved their form, it was 
followed by a period of de- 
traimng, for which the athletes 
were divided into three groups. 
All of them continued to train, 
but each group cut down on 
one of the emoponents - fre- 
quency, duration or intensi- 
ty - by either 33 or 66 per 

Athletes who trained 
less often or for shorter peri- 
ods suffered only a slight drop 
in performance. The relative 
importance of duration or 
frequency was roughly the 
same. In fact, a 33 per cent 
redaction in the «™i tinw 
spent on training or in the 
number of days devoted to it, 
had no significant effect on 

Death penalty 
proposal will 
not go ahead 

isb Telecom speaking clock 
later in the day it was found to 
be 40 seconds fast 

found to 

The Prime Minister yester- 
day told a Conservative MP 
she sympathized with his call 
for a pledge to restore the 
death penalty to be included 
in the next manifesto. 

But Mrs Thatcher ruled out 
the possibility, saying it would 
be difficult to change the 
tradition that the issue was 
decided on a free vote 
Mr Peter Bruinvels. the 
Conservative MP for Leices- 
ter East, said: “We would 
certainly win the election on 
the law and order issue alone." 

Marathon preview, page 38 




nomaaic ana atso sopresdeaed silk carpets. 

Gootfc wifi be transported from their premises to 

of sale on 

gfiBB6ffiiaih APRIL AT 3 PM 


v v 

reduced intensity mark- 
edly affected the performance 
of athletes in the third group. 
The Americans are certain 
that initial form is best main- 
if intensity Is never 
sacrificed daring t raining 

j. _ 


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' Government department 
are straggling to attract 
enough applicants ofthe right 
calibre because of uncompeti- 
tive pay and the bureaucrats*, 
poor public image, the Civit 
Service Commissioners re- 
ported yesterday. ■ 

Job applicants fen last year 
by 3 per cent, from 105,800 to 
102,700, _ according to the 
commission’s annual report. 

S imila r factors are. d ra i n i ng 
talent from key posts in 
White hall and regional - de- 
partments, with vacancies up 
by 16 per cent to 9,410. 
Officiate attribute some of this 
to a resmge of appointments 
now that the pressure of staff 
cuts has been lifted, but 
ministers and' mandari ns are 
particularly concerned at the 
increasmgloss ofbright young 
administrators aztd specialists 
to better paid jobs in the 
private sector. 

Of 10.260 candidates rec- 
ommended for appointment, 
7,62 0 took upjobs. For the 
first time the commission 
issued Questionnaires to those- 
who rejected offers and found 
that “pay is the most impor- 
tant single reason why candi- 
dates withdraw”. 

Competition among em- 
ployers for the ablest under- 
graduates is increasingly 

di-la id** 

Service as attractive. Reasons 
for foiling to attract the best 
are varied, but immediate pay 
is a leading factor, “especially 
in the scarce specialist 

Although more applied to 
become fost track trainees and 
tax inspectors, the. Govern- 
ment . is struggling to fin 
vacancies for accountants, sci- 
entists, technologists, lawyers, 
engineers, linguists mid statis- 
ticians, all increasingly impor- 
tant posts. 

In the professional and 
technology fields only about 
half the vacancies were filled, 

By Cbfin Hughes 

although most trainee .'jobs 
were taken up. Comnfisaon- 
. ere attribute the “poor results** 
mainly to “insufiocientiy com- 
petitive pay" and say ihev 
raced “severe difficulty” in 
-recruiting electrical engineers, 
oil iiulustiY "specialists, and 
surveyors and valuers. 

Chartered engineers' aver- 
age earning 1st year were 
£17,700, when the minimum 
pay in the CrvD Service profes- 
sional and technology catego- 
iy was £13,41 Ol 

The number of scientist 
vacandes filled rose from 67 
per cent to 79 per. cent, but 
most left vacant demanded 
experience and high ability. 
“While the intrinsic quality of 
the work continues to be 
attractive, it is all too evident 
that the. salary levels are 
uncompetitive and dissuade 
candidates who, in other re- 
spects, would be happy to 
work in the scientific Civil 

The commissioners are par- 
ticularly worried because they 
expect the overall number of 
engineering, science and tech- 
nology graduates to decline 
over.ibe .next few years, at a 
time when many “are now 
being attracted to the finanrial 
sector, where pay and promo- 
tion prospects are currently 
very good". 

Their research also shows 
that many good candidates 
drop out during the drawn-out 
Civil Service selection pro- 
cess, which can stretch from 
October to March, because 
other employers move foster. 
A new one-day initial test and 
automatic marking has cm the 
time by eight weeks, ami the 
commission has begun tele- 
phoning successful candidates 
in some cases: Special im- 
proved pay rates were intro- 
duced last year for staff in 
shortage fields, and Whitehall . 
is considering introducing 
higher salaries for staff in 
areas of the country where it is 

ailing to 
>or pay 


Of the 63 picked for training 
as high fliers to become lop 
mandarins of the future, 37 
last year came from Oxbridge, 
against 26 from other univer- 
sities and polytechnics. 

On the internal front, the 
commission has for the first 
time become involved in 
secondments in and out of die 
Civil Service, since a review 
after the controversial ap- 
pointment of Mr Peter Levene 
as Head of Defence Procure- 
ment found that many 
secondments into Whitehall 
ought to have been going 
before the commissioners for 

New procedures for consid- 
ering outside appointments on 
short five-year contracts will 
be introduced on May 1. 
Overall, the number of Civil 
Servants seconded to gain 
experience in commerce and 
industry has nearly trebled 
from 63 in 1977 to 201 last 
year, part of a drive to combat 
mandarins' isolation from the 
"outside world and private 

Arab fined 

Arabs willing to pay the 
price were supplied with illicit 
passports in a £250:000 racket 
run from the Passport Office 
in London, Horaefenry Road 
Magistrates' Court was told 

Wahid Mussa, an illegal 
immigrant, who paid £30.000 
for four passports through a 
go-between at the Saudi Arabi- 
an Embassy, was fined £1.500. 

“In the latter part of 1984" 
and in 1985, “there was some 
skullduggery going on inside 
the Passport Office", Mr Rob- 
ert Dyson, for the prosecution, 

About forty illicit passports, 
at an average of £7,000 each 
were issued to 39 people, 
mainly Middle Easterners. 

Mr Dyson said: “The trans- 
actions were done through an 
intermediary who worked at 
the'Saudi Cultural Bureau. He 
introduced various people to 
the person in the Passport 
Office." Mussa, who was boro 
in Beirut of Kuwaiti parents, 
was effectively stateless and 
had held only a Lebanese 
travel document until he ob- 
tained the illicit passports for 
himself, his father and his 
brother and sister. 

Mussa, aged 23. of Seymour 
Place, Marylebone. admitted a 
sample charge of possessing a 
false passport He is awaiting a 
decision on his status. 

Several men, including two 
Passport Office officials, are 
awaiting trial on conspiracy 



vo omerence 
1985 83/84 84/85 




108.402 105,803 102,716 -2 A 

6£50 8JJ7D 9,410 . 33.0 

\ 1 ; \. L- recommended 7.058 ff.608 10^62 \1R0 ;. 19* 

V Those appointed ;4£86 . 6,129 7,620- -21.0 - ’24.3 

— . ■ * j * j'v* • • ■ — — 

r j rj £T;0 


i ht - ' 

The Tones Portfolio GoM 
competition was won outright 
yesterday for the fist time 
since the newspaper's p opular 
stocks and shoes competition 
was leJanacfaed this week 
doubling the daily prim. 

Mr Iaat Smith ofRfchnmML, 
Surrey, snccesfolty completed 
his entry to win the £4,100 

• If you experience difficulty 
to obtaining a gold card, send a 

Portfolio Geld, 

The Times, 

PO Box 4t 



Remember that there is now 
£4,000 to be won every d ay and 
the prize money wiU acc uu m- 
late each day that it is not won. 
The new weekly prize is now 
£8,000 and that too wiU accu- 
mulate each week that it is not 

Today’s lists, pa^ge 30 

PC bailed on 
attack charge 

A policeman appeared at 
Bow Street Magistrates 
Court, London, yesterday ao~ 
cosed of merging a tnan aged 
44 at Holland Park, west 

Police Constable Wayne 
Marshall, aged 25, of West 
Hampstead Police Station, 
was remanded on unoondt-. 
tional bail until May 8, 
charged with robbing Thomas 
McDonagh of £20, ca using 
him grievous bodily bffin, 
arui stealing the £20 on No- 
vember 29 last year. 

Union merger 

The Tobacco Workers’ 
Union has voted by a 73 per 
cent majority of its 11,000 
members to amalgamate with 
Tass, the manufacturing 
union, forming a new union of 
250,000 members. 

lotted toy 
widow, 97 

’ By Craig Seton 

The police yesterday 
praised tbecourageofa widow 
aged 97. and her daughter aged 
77 who brandished a pickaxe 
in die feces of three burglars 
-and then “harassed" the 
masked raiders into fleeing. 

' Mrs Edith Wassell grabbed 
the pickaxe when she mid her 
mother, Mrs Maud Wiggan, 
foiled to stop the men forcing 
open a bad: door at - their 
home in Halesowen, West 
Midlands, lateon Wednesday. 

There was a struggle and 
both women were' pushed to 
the floor, but Mrs Wassell 
tried to tear the mask off one 
of the raiders. Her mother 
cracked a rib in the fed and 
yesterday was recovering in 
hospital at Dudley. * 

Mrs Wassell, also a widow,, 
said yesterday: “I grabberLmy. 
big axe and shouted at them: 
‘If you dp not go, I shall use 
if”. : m . 

Det Inspector Sid Reeves, 
of Halesowen Police, said 
yesterdayi'The men got into 
one room and grabbed some 
things, but Mrs Wassell would 
not give up. They did not 
expect all the harassment they 
got and left pretty quiddy. 

“They are courageous and 
sprightly women who gave the 
thieves much more, than they 
bargained for." 

Silver watches, brooches 
and a money box, together 
worth about£l 50, were stolen 
in the raid. 

Mower sendee caution 

It can cost more to service a 
petrol rotary lawnmower than 
a car, according to the May 
issue ofthe Consumers' Asso- 
ciation magazine. Gardening 

A survey of 15 service 
agents disclosed that charges 

varied from £7.50 to £20 an 
hour and, although 
lawnmower manufacturers 
reckoned it should lake no 
more than two and a half 
hours to do a yearly service on 
a cylinder or rotary petrol 
mower, bills could be as high 
as £100. 

HJ.UUU roemoere. » ~ — 

Ex-colonel loses baronetcy battle 

Mr Wffifem Henry George Lord Keith ^tenAer, the dere» 

■mhflr Kilcoezie, aced yesterday ti»t Mr Dnfitar was --s*^-***.. 

ION , 

!» , <1^ . 

Dunbar of teuaraz*, w at 

a forma lieatenant-co&snel m horn fflegnfeate « 

the Royal Artillery, has tost the date of his Jsme 

te tong legnl battle to swceed 1893, hfefatiier. 




to June IW, 

affirmed by the First Dwiston 

ofthe Inner House. 

i The petition had heal 
jested by the Lo«L Advocate 

not £b antil 1910. 

Mr Dnnbar, of Heme Bay, 
Kent, naff"** that changes ia 
legitimacy laws made him 
[poitimate and recognition of 
St had the effect ofremovfag 
the obstacle to succession. 

But Lord Eefth said: “The 

« Iw Loitf, iheto*i»»S3rf | *« Her 

half brother, the eleventh 

“At Hat time he cotdd not, 
and did not succeed. The 
Legitimacy Act has not con- 
ferred on him the right to 
succeed at some later, and 
rniita toral,. tone not contem- 
plated by tiie grant of the 
letters patent, heme a right 
which could not porabty have 
been available to anchor who 

was throughout legitimaSf 

Lord Fraser of TnOybefom, 
Lord Griffiths, Lord Mackay 
of Oashferaand Lord Oliver 
of Ayimerton agreed to dis- 

missfeg the appeaL 

The Dunbar baronetcy was 
created ia r 1694. 

“ Law Report page 34 


- " ' : rv-; 



• l • j a vr .! jriBH 

: - ../TW 

-i ; c v: c ; 

difficult . to recruit executive 
officers, the main rank and file 
ofthe bureaucracy. 

• A three-year programme of 
visiting universities and poly- 
technics, and bringing 300 
careers advfccra and lecturers 
into Whitehall to view the 
work at first hand was com- 
pleted last year. 

it found that “there is 
undoubtedly a widespread 
lack of knowledge: in graduate 
institutions of what the Qvil 
Service is and what Gvi] 
Servants do". 

The commissioners advo- 
cate intensified publicity 
aimed at promoting the chal- 
lenging environment, increas- 
ing responsibility, and public 
service commitment of Civil 
Service work. 

They have also attempted to 
break the public school and 
Oxbridge-dominated image of 
Whitehall by visiting poly- 
technics and red-brick univer- 
sities and offering free beer in 
return for sitting Civil Service 

They found that, although 
many of the students would 
have made excellent candi- 
dates, few followed up their 
success in the tests by 

rfr" • •. •’ - ■' ..Ar*' 

- - *. ' 



. :y. T 

Miss Chris 

itt and h^ son Edi^ aged six, who suffers from cxr^bral palsy, givtog a demonstration after a film at the Institnte of Child HeaWi 
how modem technology can &eSp disabled children to be independent The specially made wheelchair can go over rough ground and 
allows Eddie to go off to play with his friends (Photograph: John Voos). 

near £lbn 

By Michael Baity 

Heroin addiction could be 
generating £1,000 millioa of 
crime in Britain every year, 
Mr Ron Harris, bead of heroin 
investigation with Customs 
and Excise, disclosed yester- 
day. Addiction is spreading 
from wealthy to poorer mem- 
bers of sodety, Mr Harris 

Assuming 140,000 addicts 
needing £200 a week each to 
purchase heroin, a weekly 
total of £28 miOioiL, about 
three quarters, or 105B00 
addicts, wonkl need to resort to 
crime to pay £21 million a 
week to seewe their ding. 

Addressing members of the 
International Chamber of 
Shipping in London, Mr Har- 
ris said one kg of heroin 
bongbt in Pakistan for £5,000 
conld fetch about £1 million on 
the streets of Britain. 

Former riding champion’s 
death was accident 

A coroner recorded a ver- 
dict of accidental death yester- 
day on Mrs Sue Horton, aged 
43, a former poini~ttH>oint 
champion, who was found 
dead in her car after trying to 
sleep off a drinking bout. 

Mr David Horton, her es- 
tranged husband, said after 
the inquest at Devizes, Wilt- 
shire, that he was not sur- 
prised at the verdict. 

“She would not accept she 
had a drinking problem. We 
tried very hard to get help but 
she wouldn't bring herself to 
see she needed help. 

“She had enormous talent 
but her riding fell by the 
wayside as her drinking prob- 
lems accelerated." 

Mrs Horton achieved na- 
tional prominence in the 
1970s when, as Sue Aston, she 
won her long battle with the 
Jockey Club to become the 

By Tim Jones 

first woman to be granted the 
right to compete on equal 
terms with men as a National 
Hum jockey. 

Her flamboyant personality 
and her liking for fast cars and 
hunting with Princess Anne 
and the Prince of Wales 
earned her the nickname of 
“the blonde bombshell*'. 

She was the champion 
ladies' National Hunt jockey 
four times in succession. 

Her body was discovered on 
April S by Mr Horton and 
their son. David, aged seven, 
in the car parked in the garage 
of her home at Littleton Drew, 
near Chippenham, Wiltshire. 
Her favourite black labrador. 
Posey, had died with her. 

Mr Horton described how 
he had arrived at her home 
with their son to collect some 
clothing for a day out when 
the fray had seen his mother 
lying in the car. 

Later in the day, when Mr 
Horton returned from a race 
meeting at which he bad been 
judging, he found her still 
motionless. He telephoned a 
doctor immediately, who ar- 
rived and confirmed the 

Police Constable Christo- 
pher Williams said that the 
ignition of the car was on, but 
the engine had stopped 

Mr Robin Van Hagan, a 
pathologist, said that Mrs 
Horton had a blood alcohol 
level of 147mg per cent and 
that her haemoglobin had 
been saturated by a fetal 
79 per cent of carbon 

Mr John Elgar, the coroner, 
said: “My verdict is accidental 
death and that the cause of 
death was carbon monoxide 

estate lost 
toy woman 

A housekeeper who married 
a colonel, aged 86. after a 
courtship lasting just 10 days, 
has been told that she must 
give up the bungalow and 
investments, worth £1 10,000, 
which she inherited. Mrs 
Pauline Cousins, aged 49, a 
divorcee, and Colonel Harold 
Caldwell, of Scalby, Scarbor- 
ough. North Yorkshire, were 
married in March 1984. With- 
in days he suffered a stroke 
and died. 

Judge Paul Baker, QC ruled 
in the High Court that the will 
did not express the true last 
wishes of Colonel CaldwelL 
He found in favour of an 
earlier will in which the estate 
was left to his stepdaughter. 
Mrs Barbara Denham, aged 
39. of Whitby, who had chal- 
lenged the new will 

The judge said that there 
was no doubt that the colonel 
was foiling in his later years . 


While Europe V J 

debated, America attacked. 
Despite US warning noises, the 
world was taken by surprise. 
Why did American patience 
run out? What made President 
Reagan so angry? 

In this weeks Spectator, 
Christopher Hitchens reports 
from Washington on the forces 
which made the bombing of 
Libya inevitable. He conveys 
the mood of frustration which 
prompted military action and 
looks ahead to a dangerous 
future: “With Americans 
afraid to travel, is it conceivable 
that it is the American public - 
and not the terrorists - who 
can’t hide?” 

Meanwhile, from Tripoli 
itself Charles Glass contributes 
his eyewitness account of the 

In happier contrast, this 

week’s Spectator C 3 
features a special Spring 
books section. 

John Mortimer examines 
the new Oxford Book of 
Legal Anecdotes which tells 
the student more about “the 
splendours and miseries of life 
at the bar than a hundred 

Anita Brookner unravels 
the mystery of Patricia 
Highsmith. John Gielgud gets 
his own back on the critic 
James Agate. Colin Welch con- 
siders Canetti. And Elizabeth 
Longford and John Bayley 
review volumes that have 
caught their attention, while 
P. J. Kavanagh launches his 
new books column. 

Book yourself into The 

Spectator this weekend. 



is. Mr 

r) — 
” Sa- 
ji hss 
. St: 
2 . cn 

JiT!2 3- 




Libyan crisis • Thatcher’s gibe 

Beirut murders 

PM challenges Labour to vote for anti-terrorism Act 

® __ _ ^ .W. ft win Sir John B^Rivisoa (Eppiiig what bappo» wi^you torntiw 

into a 


vrodd crea t e tendons in other 
areas and would hit the wrong 

The Labour benches and Mr 
Nca Shnaefc. Leader of the 
Opposition, m particular. le- 
aded angrily in the Commons 
when Mis Margaret Thatcher, 
the Prime Minister, commented 
that sbe was delighted Mr 
Kinnock had renewed his state- 
ment that he wished to fight 
terrorism in every possible way. 
She thus hoped that in future the 
Labour Party would vote lor the 
Prevention of Terrorism Act. 

Maintaining that the Act had 
not prevented terrorism. Mr 
frtfMMwfc drew load Labour 
cheers by declaring that Mis 
Thatcher promoted terr ori s m . 

When Mr Kfcmock asked if to 
future refusing Che United States 
use of air bases in the United 
Kingdom had become con- 
ceivable, Mm Thatcher said 
that if the US required the 
operational use of bases again, 
they would have to ask es- 
pecially again and the UK could 
agree or withhold agreement. 

Question time was again 
dominated by the aftermath of 
the US air attacks on Libya. 
Exchanges began when Mr Da- 
vid PcahaEgoa (Truro, L) asked 
if Mrs Thatcher was aware that 
Mr George Younger. Secretary 
of State for DefenceJn recording 
an item for Radio Clyde on 
Monday, had dearly indicated 
that he and his colleagues were 
extremely dubious that a mili- 
tary strike was the best way of 
dealing with Gadaffi because it 

tiie Prime 

Minister's mind (he asked) be- 
tween Monday and Tuesday on 
that sensible statement? 

Mrs ThatcbenTbe Secretary of 
State for Defence was indicating 
rightly that we considered many 
aspects of the difficult decision 
before ns and that we did go 
over them thoroughly and con- 
sulted about them and came to 
the decision together. 

Mr Peter Fry (Wellingborough, 
O said there seemed to have 

consider pointing out to her 
European allies that (he Ameri- 
can action on Libya bad been 
very much due to frustration 
and the approach of the western 
world’s opposition to terrorism 
and ih** if it was wished to 
avoid strikes, the rest of the 
countries in the West must get 
together to «»fc* effective action 
to stop terrorism. 

Mrs Thaicberl agree. 1 under- 
stand die result of the meeting 
this moming was that Europe is 
prepared to take further mea- 
sures. We now have to work at 
turning that general willingness 
into specific measures. 

If anything, the need to do 
that has increased because of 
recent events and we shall 
pursue the matter vigorously. 
Mr Kinnock:! am sure the Prime 
Minister and i, every other MP. 
and people throughout the 
country will be united in our 

condemnation of the vfle mur- 
der of helpless and harmless 
British citizens in the Lebanon. 

The Prime Minister had said 
yesterday^If there was any 
question of using United States 
aircraft based in this country in 
a further action that would be 
the subject of a new approach to 
the United Kingdom." 

Does that mean (Mr Kinnock 
asked) that refusal of the use of 
bases has now become, to com a 
phrase, conceivable? 

Mrs Thatcher He is making a 
selective use of something I said. 
I indicated that under all the 
circumstances, when we had 
considered every aspect, that 
was the conclusion which I had 
come to and the conclusion that 
we agreed, that «« should give 
our consent for the use of these 
bases. That was after a long 
period of terrorist action and 
after a long time during which 
the United States had tried to 
secure peaceful measures in the 
prevention of terrorism. 

Iu fiiture, if the United Stales 
required the operational use of 
the bases again she would have 
to ask especially again, and of 
course we could agree or with- 
hold our agreement. 

Mr Kinnock: That appears to be 
the second shift in position by 
the Prime Minister in the course 
of a week. 

As it is char that the Prime 
Minister has the right to say no, 
as was testified by two former 
Prime Ministers yesterday, aad 
that she also has the power to 
say no. from the same tes- 
timony, will she show the will to 

resist and accept that that is the 
strong desire of the Brmsh 
people who understand tnai 
there are much more effective 
ways of combating and defeat- 
ing terrorism? 

Mrs Thatcher There has beep 
no shift in position at afL 
perhaps Mr Kinnock did not 
fully comprehend it but there is 
no shift in position whatever. 

I set out the position on the 
use of the bases yesterday. I am 
delighted that Mr Kinnock re- 
newed his statement that he 
wished to fight terrorism in 
every' possible way. I hope in 

not prevented terrorism, ftwiQ 
not prevent terrorism and ^sne 
provokes terrorism. (Labour 

cheers) „ 

Mrs Thatcher The Prevention 
of Terrorism Act has helped the 
police to prevent acts of terror- 
ism aad that is well known. I 

Sir John L _ - - 

Forest. C): Since Mr Kim. — 
and others more expert have 
questioned the present force of 
the long-standing agreement on 
the US use of RAF basest would 
She consider removing any 
doubts that may remain m the 

tsm an 0 u&l ib wcu ahvww. • j ■ —— 7* ■ — ; 

shall be delimited if the Labour .public mind after bar dear 
Party, instead of voting against speech yesterday by inyitmg 

Steel: Thatcher has 
boosted Gadaffi 
fiiture the Labour Party will 
vote for the Prevention of 
Terrorism Act. 

Mr Kinnock: I will not take that 
from her. (Interruptions) The 
sour feet about the Prevention 

it, is in fiiture going to vote for 
it (Conservative cheers) 

Mr Norman Atkinson (Totten- 
ham, Labh WiB she reconsider 
the statement she has just made 
in reply to Mr Kinnock? Sbe 
now stands virtually alone 
among the political leadership 
of Europe in believing that 
military retaliation is an effec- 
tive answer to terrorism of any 
kind, whether m the Middle 
East or Northern Ireland. 

(ay night I beard members of 
her own party discussing pri- 
vately, saying that if she was to 
reconsider Use view die pm 
during yesterday’s debate that 
would not mean her losing face 
or credibility in ho 1 own party. 

Recognizing that no member 
of her own party could say that 
to her, wifi sbe now bring herself 
into line with the opinions 
expressed throughout Europe? 
Mrs Thatcher The decision was 
taken after prolonged and wide 
consideration. We came to that 
decision. I believe it was the 
right decision. Should the US 
wish for the use of those bases 
again they would have to make a 


acatioo. Our 

,. w , be required. 

aw. ,«.* «*,.« . We could either agree or witb- 

of Terrorism Act is that is has ..bold our agreement. 

Tight security ordered at Middle East posts 


Expert groups were expected to 
submit reports and _ recom- 
mendations to EEC foreign min- 
isters next Monday on ways of 
acting quickly to combat the new 
threat of international terrorism, 
Mr Timothy Renton, Minister 
of State for Foreign and 
Commonwealth Affairs, said 
daring exchanges in the Com- 
niwc, fallowing his statement 
about terrorism and British 
interests hi Lebanon. 

In bis statement, Mr Renton 
referred to reports that three 
bodies had been found Mar 
Beirut early in the morning, 
pinned to one bad been a notice 
fianoinp that an organization 
called tire Arab Fedayeen bad 
executed them as “CIA spies.” 

He reminded MPs that three 
British men were missing in 
Lebanon after being kidnapped 
between March last year and 
last month. Another man, of 
British-Irish nationality, had 
been kidnapped last week. The 
British Ambassador to Lebanon. 
Mr John Gray, had reported 
tint another British citizen had 
been kidnapped in West Beirut 
daring the morning while on ha 
way to the airport. 

Last week, Mr Gray had 
repeated and reinforced his 
« frnntKng advice to British citi- 
zens against remaining in West 
Beirut and other arm ha Leba- 
non where British citizens were 
at particular risk. 

All reasonable security 
precautions hud been taken to 
protect Mr Gray and bis small 

staff. The Government had 
asked hhn urgently for his 
farther advice on staffing of the 
British embassy and the safety 
of the remaining British 

Mr Donald Anderson, an Oppo- 
sition spokesman on foreign 
affair*, asked if the three dead 
people were the first tragic 
victims of Mrs Thatcher's total 
end isolated support for Presi- 
dent Reagan. (Conservative pro- 
tests and Labour cheers). 

Was there sufficient evidence 
that a neighbouring Arab coun- 
try had been responsible for the 
shelling of the British 
Ambassador's West Beirut res- 
idence? If so, would tire United 
Kingdom now be tempted to 
invoke United Nations Article 
5) and seek a retaliatory strike 
against that country? (Conser- 
vative protests). 

Where do we draw the line as 
we add to that mounting cycle of 
violence? (he asked). 

Armed groups were new 
rotating the streets of West 
Beirut fa search of Foreigners as 
their victims. What advice had 
the Foreign Office given to the 
embassy staff aad British na- 
tionals? Was evacuation a prac- 
tical option? 

Mr Renton said rocket attacks 
in West Beirut bad been all too 
fr e qu en t a feature in recent 
months. The British Chancery 
there had been attacked by 
rockets in Angus* 1984. So for 
months, the British Government 
had been arranging for United 
Kingdom staff to sleep in east, 
rather than west, Beirut. 

We have given instructions 
(he said) to posts throughout the 

Middle East and Near East to 
look carefully at their security 
measures. We win be reinforcing 
this advice to Beirut after speak- 
ing with the Ambassador. 

The British Government had 
b»eu wanting Britons in Leba- 
non not to travel In West Beirut, 
the Beka* Valley or Southern 
Lebanon unless they had to, 
because they could not have the 
protection they would normally 
receive. The Government would 
be looking again at that advice to 
see if it should be strengthened. 

Was Mr Anderson really 
suggesting that Governments 
should not take such action, that 
their hands should be tied, 
because of threats made by 

If Mr Anderson bad allowed 
onr hands to be tied (he said) 
because of the possible reprisals 
by kidnappers, this would have 
been giving in to terrorist 
critninials. (Conservative 

Mr James Wallace (Orkney aad 
Shetland, L) said while liberals 
profoundly disagreed with tire 
Government's decision to sup- 
port tire American intervention 
in Libya, they nevertheless un- 
reservedly condemned acts of 

There were more effective 
ways of combating terrorism, 
such as those currently being 
discussed by the Codncfl of 

By standing alone in Europe 
in aiding and abetting American 
military action they bad made 
British subjects more vulnerable 
to terrorist attacks. The first 
victims were those mentioned in 
the statement. • 

Mr Renton said the taking of 
British hostages in the test few 
years showed the dear need (or 
international action against 
international terrorism, be it 
ordinary terrorism or state spon- 
sored terrorism. This was the 
pwmy Sir Geoffrey Howe had 
been hammering home at EEC 
and other meetings. 

He added later: We hare been 
in the front Hue of terrorism for 
at least 10 yean since agents of 
the Libyan Gov e r n ment started 
committing their crimes in this 

Dr John Gilbert (Dudley East. 
Lab): In view of the dearly 
d e te rio rating s e curi ty s ft na tion 
is Beirut, does the Government 
have contingency plans for the 
evacuation of British res i dent s 
Oere and military anils avaB- 
able to assist in such evacuation, 
as happened in Aden? 

Mr Renton: The evacuation of 
Aden was substantially assisted 
by the presence, by chance, of 
Britannia and 1 do not think we 
can always call on the royal 
yacht. . 

He wooM not expect me to go 
into detail about contingency 
plans wc may hare available, bat 
l fatty take his point about the 
dangerous sftnation in Lebanon 
and this is a matter of which we 
have been aware fora good many 

Mr Robert Adley (Chrisfchmch, 
C Y Everybody wiB deplore these 
dastardly deeds bat it is nec- 
essary so m e ti mes to try and 
comprehend what is going on 
before rnsbing into dearioas 
such as the Gover nm ent made 
two days ago. 

When tire Prime Minister 

refers to state terro ri sm, sire 
aptly describes the acts of brad 
in Sbath L eb anon, seen by 
almost all Arabs as a direct 
result of US policy with which 
we now seem sadly bo be 

Wifi he confirm that ft re- j 
Mhw oar policy utterly to 
condemn this iBegaJ Invasion? j 
We shoald seek to resttum the 
US from their one-sided policy | 
in the Middle East which has 
caused so many of 

Mr Renton: Yesterday mater 
MPs said the sedation to terror- 
ism in the Middh East by m 1 
sotetion to the P al es ti ni an prob- 
lem, lwonldaat dewy that is tire 
root came- b b easy to say so 
bat the difficulty is 1 

Mr Jonathan Aitkeu (Tfauret 
Sooth. C* We nay be at the 
beginning of a chain of con- 
sequences and events, some of 
which may hare tragic results 
for iodividaab, bat some of 
which may also yet result in the 
elimination of state-sponsored 
tmoriam which wonld make the 
world safer. 

Mr Renton: Yes, I very mw 
hope tint resaft may come 
Mr Ronald Leig ht on (Newham 
North East, Lab) said any 
schodcfaiid coaid have bold Mr 
Renton that acting as an Ameri- 
can poppet had pat the tires of 
countiess British c Unc us in 
danger. The respwsttffily for 
their blood was on the 
Government's hands. 

Mr Renton: His comments are 
cheap, unpleasant aad time- 
serving. The price for renting 
terrorism is never cheap. 

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Labour plans 
equal extra 


President Reagan to make a 
joint statement with her to 
clarify the situation? 

Mrs Thatcher As I i n d i cated 
yesterday, the arrangements are 
the same as they have been since 
they were a gre ed by Mr Attlee 
and President Truman. They 
have been renewed by every 
Prime Minister and every Presi- 
dent since and were renewed 
when the cruise missUequestion 

They require that for opera- 
tional purposes, if the US wishes 
to use bases in Britain they have 
to seek permission, seek agree- 
ment, and that a g ree me nt can 
either be given or it can be 
repelled, as previous prime min- 
isters indicated yesterday. 

1 made a statement in my 
speech yesterday about Presi- 
dent Reagan's and my under- 
standing of the present position. 
Mr David Steel. Leader of the 
liberal Party: Does the Prime 
Minister accept ber share of 
personal responsibility for the 
boosting of Colonel Gadaffi's 
political support, as we »w on 
the streets of Tripoli last n^ht, 
and for exporing British citizens 
to increased fanaticism and 
t error is m? 

Will she now recognize that is 



poodle? i 

Mis Thatcher: I do not bdwve ] 
the reputation of Colonel 
Gadaffi has been enhanced. 

1 hope people will look at the 
long period of terrorism he has 
been using as a political weapon 
and the many lives whic h hav e 

been lost because of his tenonsi 

activity. Indeed, in the Berlin 
bomb over 230 were injured- 
If you let the threat of forth®* 
terrorism prevent you from 
fighting against d then tire 
terrorist has won and he wffl 
hold to ransom all outer free 

MkJoha Horae Robertson (East 
Lothian, Labk Witt the Prime 
Minister reflect on die prophetic 
words of tbe Secretary of State 

for Defence on Monday when he 
said that a military strike would 
hh the wrong targets and give 
rise to other tensions, presum- 
ably including reprisals agam? 
innocent Brimfi citizens, which 
has now happened? 

In Scotland wo know the 
Prime Minister has taken his 
adrice often enough when be 
has been wrong. Why did she 
not take his advice on this one 
occasion when he was right? 
Howon earth can he remain in 
this blood-stained Government 

Mis Thatcher The Secretary of 
State for Defence was telling the 
world we did consider ail as- 
pects of the decision which was 
before us. These decisions are 
not easy. Terrorism thrives 
upon appeasement; 

Plans ready for 
prison strike 


The £24 faifliaD of addi t ional 
revenue which the Treasury 
estimates the Labour Party 
would ha ve to raise to pay for its 
public spending plans. would 
mean an extra 20p on income i 
tax, bringing the basic rate to | 
49p in the £, Mr John , 
MacGregor. Chief Secretary to . 
the Treasury, told the] 

Mr Harry G i teaway (Ealing 
Nortb,Q said electors ought to 
be informed iff the 41 per cent 
VAT rate and the 49p m the £ 
tax on offer by Labour. 

The Liberals and the SDP are 
not much better (he added). 
Electors would do much better 
to stay with the tax cutting and 
sound economic growth policy 
of the Conservative Party. 

Mr MacGregor To be to. the 
elector has to face a choice of 
alternatives in the Opposition's 
policies — either 49p in the 
pound income tax or 41 percent 
VAT. It is not both, it is either. 

Mr Peter Hardy 
(WentwortluLab): If imempit 
ment were reduced by halt the 
savings to the Treasury and the 
contribution by those employed 
on anything like average earn- 
ings would equal the £24 billion 
he mentioned iu his extravagant 

Mr MacGregor: It was not 
extravagant because the figures 
have not been denied. Even with 
that high level of expenditure. 
Labour are not predicting any- 
thing like a drop in unemploy- 
ment of half. 

The Government has 
contingency plans to deal with 
industrial action by prison 
officers, Mr Douglas Hard, the 
Home Secretary, made clear in 
the Commons. He declined to 
reveal what these plans were. It 
would be wrong, be said, to 
describe them in detail today. 

He was replying to a private 
notice question from Mr David 
Alton (Liverpool. Mossley H31, 
L) who said it would be better 
to begin negotiations with the 
Prison Officers' Association 
rather than send in troops and 
thus turn foe prisons into 
industrial battle grounds. 

Mr Hurd said that industrial 
action by the officers was 
unnecessary. The- Government 
bad made clear its 
commitment to prison officers 
by devoting record resources to 
the prison service. • Prison 
service management had node 
dear its willingness to discuss 
the question of Dvenime which 
was at the centre of the dispute. 

The Government would 
respond vigorously, but the 
safety of the public and the 
security of the prisons was its 
first concern. It did not seek 
confrontation and its chief 
efforts would be directed to 
resolving the dispute in 
discussions so that resort to 
industrial action was not 

Mr Alton: Why did the Under 
Secretary of State, Lord 
Gtenartfaur, having said he was 
5d to talk to the Prison 
s' Association on April 8 
and 9, refuse their request for 
negotiations? Is that not creating 
said be was anxious to avoid? 
Mr Hmdr The position is dear. 
We are ready to consult the POA 
about manning levels but are 
not prepared to concede the 
management's right to manage 

A night out 
rather than 


There was laughter in the House 
of Lords when Lord Campbell of 
Cray (O suggested during ques- 
tion time that the allegation of , 
Mr Eric Bristow that he had 
been offered a knighthood in 
return for certain commercial 
actions, bad been due to a gross 
m ^understanding. 

What these two mysterious 
peers offered (be said) was not a 
knighthood but a night out It 
was really a matter oiseals at the 
opera or Cots. 

There was further laughter 
when Lord Hailsham of St 
Marytebone. the Lord Chan- 
cellor, said that when Chairman 
of the Conservative Pam, he 
had been accused of offering 
knighthoods in return for 
£ 10 . 000 . 

A man going around London 
put this to two people to my 
knowledge (be said). One 
laughed him out of court and the 
other was so shocked he told Mr 
Gaitskell. . 

Parliament today 

Commons (9.30k Corneal Tis- 
sue Bill, report stage. Tobacco 
Products (Sales Restriction) 
Bill, report stage. 

Lords (l !): Debate on Libya. 


the prison service. Therefore we 
cannot concede to anyone else 
the right to determine in nego- 
tiations what manning levels 
should be but are willing and 
anxious to consult Tut is 
normal procedure. 

Mr Dongtas Hogg (Grantham, 

O said prison officers were 
anxious to maintain the present 
high level of overtime: They 
were extremely well paid and 
taking into account overtime, 
the average officer earned only 
about £2.000 less than an MP. 

Mr Hard said he was worried 
about the levels of overtime 
which made op on average 
about 30 per cent- of prison 
officers' earnings. 

Mr Gerald Etetaan, chief < 
Opposition spokesman on 
home affairs, said the POA had 
secured an overwhelming 
majority for industrial action as 
was to be expected when prisons 
were bursting at die seams with 
almost as many inmates now as 
the Home-Office had predicted 
for 1993: What would helhe 
effect” of industrial" 'actroii on 
visitors, the courts, softeners, 
prison governors and- probation 
officers as wefl as inmates? Why 
was the Home Office exacerbat- 
ing this tense situation by being 
so adamant in ruifog ewt a singfe 
key word to which the associ- 
ation attached importance - 

What kind of Government is 
it (he continued) under which 
we have a record crime wave, a 
unanimous vote of no con- 
fidence in the Government by 
the Police Federation and an 
overwhelming vote for indus- 
trial action by the. prison 

Mr Hard: If he is idling us that 
it is Labour Party policy that 
politicians should say to the 
courts, regardless of the ev- 
idence or cases, how many 
people should be sent to prison, 
that is incompatible with having 
an independent judiciary. 

Fall in prices 
is helping 
the economy 


The United Kingdom economy 
is benefiting considerably from 
the fell in oil prices, Mr John 
MacGregor, Chief Secretary to 
the Treasury, said during ques- 
tions m the Commons. 

Mr Robert Sheldon (Ashton- 
under-Lyne, Lab): Is it ntu dear 
that not only has the drop in oil 
prices affected the amount we 
are likely to get in -foreign . 
exchange, but the competitive J 
position of Britain vis-a-vis 
France. Germany and Japan is 
particular, - has considerably 
worsened since they are so much 
dependent on paying substantial 
sums for their oil? 

Will he not consider having 
talks with Opec at least to make 
sure that we gel reasonable 
prices for an important asset 
which wc own? • 

Mr MacGregor: I hope he is not 
suggesting that We should have: 
talks with them to keep oil 

The UK economy is benefit- . 
ing. not as much as all other 
economies; but quite consid- 
erably from the fell in oil prices 
mid beneficial position of the 
exchange rates in relation to 1 
some of the- countries about 
which he is taUting. 

Unit labour costs crucial 


Nothing would Improve the 
nation's prospects for Industrial 
expansion more than haring its 
unit labour costs rising at a rate 
no greater than those of compet- 
itor countries, Mr Ian Stewart, 
Economic Secretary to the Trea- 
sury, said when asked in the 
Commons about the expected 
effect «f the Budget on 
une nip h Q ine n t- 

Mr Nigel Forman (Garshslton 
and Wallingfon, C) had said that 
unit labour costs in Britain rose 
by 5.7 percent last year and 43 
per cent In the year before that. 
There bad to be an 

Mr David Wianick (Walsall 
North. Lab) said that even 
though the unemployment fig- 
ures had been fiddled yet again 

— (Conservative protests) — the 
true level was now more than 
four million. 

Why does Mr Stewart not 
deariy state (he said) that the 
Budget will do nothing to end the 
misery of mass anemptoyoKot? 
Mr Stewart said the dependence 
of the economy npon growth of 
oatpot far Improving the jobs 
sftnation had been well dem- 
onstrated by Wednesday's fig- 
ores. which showed that some 
one mill ion new jobs had been 
created during the past three 

Corporation tax, at 35 per 
cent, was now the lowest since 
the war and for smaR companies 
it was 29 per cent That was the 
way to generate new jobs. 

Mr Anthony Uoyd 
Labk What in the Budget is 
going to Increase ntangfaftriring 

Mr Stewart The most important: 
factor for manufacturing b the 
redaction in inflation, the redac- 
tions ia Interest rates which have 
already taken place and a low 
rate of corporation tax so rtmv 
they can reforest their profits for 
the future. 

Mr Terence Davis, an Oppo- 
sition spokesman on Treason 
matters, said Mr Stewart should 
admit that he was too ashamed 
to publish Treasury fo recasts 
about the Budget 1 * likely effect 
apoo unemployment. 

The unemployment figures on 
Wednesday showed an increase 
of more than 100,000 during the 
past year, and that, cody a month, 
after the Budget, the upward 
trend had been resumed. 

Mr Stewart tod rite figure* 
demonstrated fine Jobs mere 
befog created rapidly. 

The question for tbe British 
Government has “°* ***" 
whether Libya should be 

bombed, bnej^rftarAwn- 

t~an | pwac in Bri&UEB PC 

used in fite operatioo. Mis 
Thatcber and ner colleagues 
could not bx* prwented Ore 
attack, even if they had msbed 
to do so. They corid sim ply 
have withheld cooperation, 
frith all the consequences that 

might have flowed Car Anglo- 
American relations. 

Ministers are keenly aware 
of fiiis distinction. Not all of 
them are persuaded (hat the 
right choice was made- Bat 
even those who would «* 
balance have voted the other 
way if the faU Cabinet had 
been consulted before the die 
i was cast appreciate the delica- 
cy of tbe decision. 

1 Tbe House trfCtfflWwos has 

also become increasingly 
aware of (he aatiwe of the 
choice for Britain. A cureary 
; glance at the voting figtoes 
25 p Wednesday’s debate 
might suggest that parfxamett- 
btry opinion was divided over 
Libya along familiar party 
Snes. But such statistics do not 

reflect the mtease that cotaro- 

fy exists on the Conservative 

Tories had doubts 
o ver bombing 

It was less on Wednesday 
ffmn ft had been the day 
before. Tbe initial, instinctive 
reaction of a good many 
-Conservative MPs was te 
doubt (he efficacy of botnbuig 
as a response to terroris m. On 
reflection most itf them appre- 
ciated that the issue for Brit- 
ain was not so simple as that 
The fairly solid support that 
the Government received from 
its backbenchers could be 
attributed partly to party loy- 
alty. Bat the Prime Minister 
tadped with a carefully rea- 
soned speech that empha sized 
the complexity of the decision, 
j Some Conservative speak- 
|crs made it dear that they 
wen supporting Mrs Thatcher 

foqriidL^Evn the leading 
opposition critics seemed to 
a ck now le dge the solemnity of 
tite Got^namears choice by 
bang relatively measured in 
their attacks. It was signifi- 
cant tint Denis Healey deliv- 
ered a speech that was 
•briUamt in its wit rather than 
blistering is its indignation. 

But the political conse- 
quences mast remain incalcu- 
lable when the Government 
takes a tine that is contrary to 
pnUic opinion on a major, 
•emotive hot highly uapredkt- 
«Ue issue. In this respect, as 
well as in many otbere, tins is 
no reran of Saez or the 
FalUands. This is the only 
occasion of the three on which 
afl Dm opinion polls have 
shown large majorities against 
the Government's action. 

The Government^ position 
is farther complicated by the 
fact that public opinion has 
relatively little sympathy at 
foe moment for the consider- 
ation which has weighed par- 
ticularly heavily,, with 
ministers: the need to preserve 
, American confidence hi Brit- 
ain as a reliable ally. All the 
recent evidence suggests that 
tins country is snfierhqg a bad 
dose of inferiority complex, 
towards the United States. 

The long-term political ef- 
l-foct of the crisis is IBtely to 
depend, however, apon wheth- 
er tbe American action is seen 
to have pot a stop to Libyan 
terrorism. None of ns can he 
.sine at this^tage, whether we 
approve of the bombing or not 
Not even President Reagan is 
making such a categorical 

Thatcher needs 
Libyan success 

. He has justified his action 
oir the need to respond to 
t er ro ris m, not on a prediction 
that the response is bound to 
be soccessfid. “We have dene 
what we had to do", he 
declared in bis. teteriskm 
broadcast. “For os to ignore, 
by inaction*', he went on, *the 
slaughter of American civil- 
fans and American . soldiers, 
whether in night date or 
airline terminals, m simply not 
fa tiie American tradition”. 

This is nrtin fact nnlike tbe 
British -reason for senfing the 
Task Force to tire FaUdands. 
At the time there was no 
certainty tint it wonld tri- 
emph, hot aggression had to 
be resisted. There are occa- 
sions when a nation ha* to act 
from self respect. . 

Bat even if toe Fafldands 
rescee had failed, Mrs 
Thatcher might have hoped to 
be given credit for having the 
courage to try. If the Libyan 
bombing is judged fa due 
course to have been coanter- 
prod active she wQl probably 
have blame heaped span her 
for faffing to stand «p to the 
Americans. Id political terms 
sbe needs the operation to 
succeed even more than Presi- 



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GLC move to give rate 
cash to groups after 

was unlawful 

The Greater . London 
Council's “ open-handed 
generosity” with ratepayers’ 
money to fond volantary or- 
ganizations from “beyond tbe 
grave” was unlawful, -the 
House of Lords, ruled 

The law Lords, by a ferar- 
to-one majority, said the 
£25million in grants planned 
for voluntary groups and 
£ll million for the Round 
House Black Arts Centre were 

They also gave their unani- 
mous reasons why £40million 
in spending by the Inner 
London Education Authority 
was illegal. 

Only Lord Bridge of Har- 
wich found in favour of the 
GLC over the voluntary 
grants. He said he did not feel 
Parliament intended tbe GLC 
to' consult with the London 
Residuary Body before mak- 
ing the grants. But the four 
other judges. Lords Brandon 
of Oakbrook, Templeman, 
Ackner and Oliver, disagreed . 

Lord Templeman said: 

“The question is whether the 
GLC acted lawfoHy in making 
provision before abolition for 
grants to be enjoyed by volun- 
tary organizations after aboli- 
tion. In my opinion the 
actions of the GLC were 

. He added: "The court will 
interfere to keep a local au- 
thority within, the boundaries 
of its powers, whether die 
local authority strays deliber- 
ately or as the result of a 
mistake in construing its 

“The GLC believed that the 
abolition of tbe GLC would 
produce in 1986-87 uncertain- 
ty, unemployment, the deteri- 
oration or disappearance of 

services provided by volun- 
tary organizations, and hard- 
ship for tbe disadvantaged of 
Greater London.” 

He said those beliefs may 
prove to be sound or unsound. 
“But the GLC was not entitled 
to extend its existence by 
proxy, or to exercise in 1985- 
86 the power of decision 
making for 1986-87 ” 

He added that all or some of 
the expenditure may be desir- 
able in the interests of Greater 
London; also that the tempo- 
rary or permanent conse- 
quences of he abolition of tbe 
GLC may turn out to be 
wholly or partly injurious. 

Lord Oliver said that even 
the most imaginative con- 
struction of the Local Govern- 
ment Act, 1985, coukl not in 
his judgement “extend to 
empowering the exercise of 
such open-handed generosity 
in favour of another authority 
to whom functions are 

As for the ILEA, Lord 
Bridge said the GLCs attempt 
to override the restrictions 
imposed by the Act were 
“manifestly hopeless” and 
clearly unlawful. 

The Law Lords upheld last 
mouth’s Court of Appeal rul- 
ing, declaring tbe spending 
unlawful, and the £36milUon 
held in a special court account 
can now he released to the 
London Residuary Body. 

law Report, page 34 

Road deaths toll 
lowest since 1954 

About 5.200 people died on 
Britain's roads last year — the 
lowest death toll for 31 years, 
government figures published 
yesterday show. 

But the falling figure, 400 
fewer deaths than in 1984, was 
seen as “5,200 too many" by 
Mr Peter Bottomley, the Min- 
ister for Roads and Traffic. 
“These figures represent 5,200 
avoidable family tragedies", 
he said. 

The number of deaths last 
year was a fall of 7 per cent 
compared with 1984 even 
though traffic was 5 per cent 

“It is encouraging news for 
the nation, but it does nothing 
to alleviate tbe suffering of the 
victims and their families”, 
Mr Bottomley added. 

He said government efforts 
to improve road safety were 
limited and it was-up to road 
users to “put our brains into 
gear before our vehicles, bicy- 
cles or feet". He urged every- 
one to contribute. 

People giving partus should, 
ensure that they provide soft, 
drinks for drivers; young chil- 
dren in cars should tie securely 

snapped in; toddlers taught 
howto behave near roads; and 
teenagers should be set a good 
example by parents keeping to 
speed limits. 

Drivers should not drink or 
travel when they were tired, 
and drive slowly in treacher- 
ous conditions, especially fog. 

“In the end if s up to each 
one of us to use the road 
safely"., he said. “A minister 
can't be on people's shoulders 
telling them what to da" 

The Government would 
play its part by continuing to 
expand road building and 
improvements and would 
press ahead with legislation 
for rear seat belts to be fitted 
to all new cars from October. 

Next month the summer 
campaign against drinking 
and driving would be 
launched. ■ 

Mr Bottomley emphasized 
that legislation and education 
could- reduce the number of 
accidents, but they do not 
prevent them. So fast year’s 
reduction in the number of 
deaths was no . cause for 

Hatter sley 
pledge on 
poll fight 

By Philip Webster 
Political Reporter 

Mr Roy Hattersley yester- 
day launched Labour’s cam- 
paign in the West Derbyshire 
and Ryedale by-elections by 
promising that it would fight 
on Labour terms and Labour 
issues and using the same 
efficient organization tech- 
niques that brought it success 
at F ulham. 

Mr Hattersley. appearing 
first in Matlock, west Derby- 
shire, was joined by Brian 
Clough, manag er of Notting- 
ham Forest, the football team, 
and a long-time Labour sup- 
porter, to support Mr Bill 
Moore, the Labour candidate. 

Labour’s deputy leader 
promised that the party would 
.fight the two contests on May 
8 on mainstream policies. 

“We shall emphasize that 
our overriding priorities are a 
reduction in unemployment, 
and more assistance to fam- 
ilies, pensioners and the 

WPC Yvonne Fletcher was remembered by a colleague from Bow Street police station, PC Simon Watkins (right), who laid 

a wreath with PC Paul Flynn. 

Brave policewoman remembered 

Police coBeagoes, friends, relatives 
^iwt strangers who wanted to remember 
her yesterday placed Cowers and poems 
at the memorial to murdered policewom- 
an Yvonne Fletcher in St James Square, 

They came with single red roses, 
baskets of tnlips and bouquets of spring 
flowers throughout the morning, placing 
tbe tributes quietly at the base of tbe 
memorial where WPC Fletcher fell after 
being hit by a sniper's bullet on April 17 
two years ago. 

The former Libyan Embassy, desert- 
ed, its windows barred and doors 
padlocked, stands across the square, a 
sombre reminder of the shooting. 

At 10.19, tbe exact time tbe young 
policewoman fell dying by the garden 
r ailings, her colleagues and friends 
gathered yesterday to hold a short 
memorial service. 

War veteran, Mr Francis McGrath, 
aged o7 from Acton, London, brought 
tnlips and daffodils and a special poem; 
The thin Mae line will never be broken. 
Forgotten by many, remembered by few. 
Thank yon to the boys and lassies in 

“We wiB never forget WPC Yvonne 
Fletcher. I fought in the second world 
war to liberate the Libyans only to live to 
see die tragedy of this brave young 
policewoman," Mr McGrath said. 

Two police colleagues from Dais ton 
police station placed pink carnations 
and irises with a card: “Gone but not 

Mr John Cox, a pensioner from 
Richmond. London, brought flowers 
from his garden in a little flowerpot. “So 
they will bloom longer in her memory. 1 
pray for her all the time. She stands 10 
feet' high for her courage.” 

Mrs Moira Speake from Bayswater, 
London, said she often came to the 
memorial and had gone to the funeral. 

“We must never forget her and I'm so 
glad her mother planted a cherry 
blossom tree in the square to grow taller 
and stronger,” Mrs Speake said. 

Sale room 

£13,000 is paid for planispheric astrolabe 

By Geraldine Norman 

Sale Room Correspondent 

A cabinet of scientific in- 
struments and reference books 
collected by an eighteenth- 
century Austrian architect and 
engineer attracted museums 
'and collectors to Christie's at 
South Kensington yesterday. 

Most of Pieter Zallinger’s 
instruments were made for 
him by Georg Friedrich 
Brander, of Augsburg, and the 
South Kensington Museum 
paid £8;000 (estimate £3,000- 
£5,000) to secure his distance 

K. PoU, a Cologne dealer. 

paid the top price at £13,000 
(estimate £6,000-£8,000) for a 
German planispheric astro- 
labe of about 1600 with a 
silver rete. It is a little portable 
sundial for telling the time and 
making astronomical 

The Deutsches Museum 
spent £7,500 (estimate £1,500- 
£2,500) on a fine brass univer- 
sal equinoctial ring dial by 
Brander and £1,700 (estimate 
£300£500) on his unusual 
boxwood sector with var- 
nished paper scales and a 
boxwood scale rule covered 
with varnished pat 

The Museum of the History 

of Science in Cambridge paid 
£2.200 (estimate £2.000- 
£4.000) for a Brander sextant. 
The morning sale totalled 
£107,410 with 5 per cent left 

Christie's sale of Old Master 
pictures in New York on 
Wednesday attracted a bevy of 
London dealers and the Leger 
Gallery, of Bond Street, paid 
$110,000 (estimate $15,000- 
S25.000) foran attractive view 
of St Paul's, Govern Garden, 
with many colourful passers- 
by, by John Inigo Richards. It 
is dated 1762. The sale to- 
talled £580,178 with 10 per 
cent unsold. 

In London yesterday, 
Christie's failed to find 
buyer for the star lot in its 
book sale, a copy of Redoute’s 
Les Roses, one of the greatest 
flower books. It was left 
unsold at £45,000 (estimate 

The other illustrated books 
on offer were in greater de- 
mand, with a price of £32,400 
(estimate £30,000-£35,000) for 
Gould's Birds of Great Britain 
and £28.080 (estimate £10.000- 
£12,000) for a Dutch seven- 
teenth-century Tulip Book 
containing 71 original 
watercolour drawings. The 
two-day sale made £825,589 


term for 
drugs man 

Floyd Jamrtu the sonofMR 

Cynthia JanttL who tod 
from a heart attack in a pohee 
raid at her home, art mngJJ 
that led to the Tottenham 
riots, was sentenced toone 
month in prison yesterday, 
suspended for a year, for 
possessing drugs- 

JarrctL aged 23, unem- 
ploved. of Bowes Road. Palm- 
ers" Green, north London, 
admitted at Tottenham 
Magistrates’ Court possessing 
4.88 crams of cannabis at 
Enfield Police Station, on 

April 1. _ 

Dei Constable Roy Bastin 
said that JarTeit had been 
arrested for questioning about 
the riots last October. He was 
searched and eight plastic 
packets containing cannabis 
were found in a money bag. 

JarrctL who had six previ- 
ous convictions, had been 
twice convicted of possessing 
cannabis. A charge of possess- 
ing cannabis with intent to 
supply was dismissed when 
the police offered no evidence. 

Lawyer ban 

After admitting misappro- 
priating funds belonging to his 
previous partners. Michael 
Paul Smith, a Liverpool solici- 
tor. of Cresnor Road. Wool- 
ton. was ordered to be 
suspended from practice for 
three months by the Solicitors’ 
Disciplinary Tribunal in Lon- 
don yesterday . 

Prisoners flee 

A hum was on last night 
after David Patrick Ward and 
John Jason Fryer escaped 
from a coach taking them to 
Tonbridge and West Mailing 
Magistrates' Court from Can- 
terbury Prison. They had 
threatened prison officers with 
razor blades. 

Cash van raid 

Three men armed with 
pistols escaped with thou- 
sands of pounds after am- 
bushing a Security Express 
van outside the Barclays Bank 
branch near Norwich Airport 

Lakes’ station 

A new railway station was 
opened yesterday at Winder- 
mere, replace the 
old one. which was converted 
into a supermarket £1 5,000 of 
the £90.000 cost was raised by 
the community under a part- 
nership scheme with British 

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What roadworks? What 

What brick? What branch? 
What pole? What plank? 

Things you shudder to think 
about are comfortably absorbed 

by the remarkable suspension 
of the Citroen BX. 

What subsidence? What 
uneven road surface? 

Cobbled streets, corrugated 
farm tracks, even newly laid 
stretches of motorway. The BX 
takes them all in its stride. 

What load? What luggage? 

The suspension adjusts itself 
automatically to different loads. 
So the car handles exactly the 
same whether you’re on your 
own or off on the family holiday. 

What wind? 

Because the suspension is 
self- levelling, it holds the BX 
at the correct and constant aero- 
dynamic angle, whatever the 
load. What we achieved in the 
wind tunnel, you’ll achieve in 
the wind. 

What sleeping policeman? 

Sorry officei; didn’t notice 
you there. 

What boulder? 

The self-levelling suspen- 
sion system is braced by rigid 
MacPherson struts to give you 
tighter, tauter roadholding. 
Front-wheel drive (of course) 
and front and rear anti-roll bars 
(naturally) help you steer clear 
of the otherwise unavoidable. 

What dog? What tricycle? 

The disc brakes are power- 
operated, so you stop that bit 
shorter in an emergency. 

What landmine? 

Come now, even the BX has 
its limitations. 

There are twelve hatchbacks 
and three estates, with petrol or 
diesel engines, and the range 
starts at only £5,675. 

To test-drive one, dial 100 
and ask for freefone Citroen Cars. 

What’s keeping you? 


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to take up 

Holders of btakfina wciety 
accounts will soon ibJeio take 
any comptatnts loan ombuds- 
man, under mea sur e s an- 
nounced by die Government 
yesterday. . 

The ombudsman might not 
be able to look into the refusal 
of a mortgage or to override 
the society’s decision on the 
credit-worthiness of a mem- 
ber. But disputes over further 
loans to existing b orrowers 
could be investigated. 

Mr Ian Stewart, Economic 

Secrmiy to the Treasury, saki 

the ombudsman scheme 
would be added to the Build- 
ing Societies Bill which is 
expected to get through its 
report stage and third reading 
in the Commons later this 

The Bill widens the powers 
of building societies, allowing 
them to expand their activi- 
ties, and should be enacted in 
January next 

He said the building societ- 
ies would be required to set up 
and join an ombudsman 
scheme to cover the opening, 
operation and dosing of share, 
deposit and mortgage loan 

“A building sodety om- 
budsman will not be required 
to override the commercial 
judgment of the societies on 
matters of credit-worthiness. 

By Stefti Gam, Politkal Staff 

So the scheme need not cover 
initial application* for « mort- 
gage or for an account- involv- 
ing. for example, a cheque 
book and guarantee dud.” 

Mr Stewart said an ombuds- 
man would be able to ask a 
building society to reconsider 
a decision on a further loan to 
an existing borrower.. 

An amendment win also be 
added to the Bill to raise the 
tendiig limit for a mortgage 
on a mobile home on a 
protected site from £5,000 to 


The legislation, the first 
covering building societies for 
25 years, would not mean a 
“big bang", Mr Stewart said. 

“Building sodeties hold a 
very special place in public 
regard. While they must move 
with the times and respond to 
the rapidly evolving market 
pressures around them, they 
depart from their essential 
character at their peril. 

“They must exercise care in 
using their new powers so that 
they do not run too far ahead 
of what the public is ready for 
or expects from their 

While further development 
will certainly be possible in the 
medium term, "Mr Stewart 
said, h will be important for 
buikfing societies to cany 
members and the public with 

Ex-tenant buyers 
‘falling into debt’ 

By Christopher W&rman, Property Correspondent 

Greater protection is need- 
ed for council tenants who buy 
their homes, because increas- 
ing numbers are plunging into 
mortgage arrears and risk 
losing their property, a report 
by the Institute of Housing 
says today . 

The report, commissioned 
by the institute's Scottish 
branch, urges local authorities 
to preside support to owner- 
occupiers as soon as they foil 
into arrears, and to. extend 
special terms to help people 
remain in their hemes 

Mr Hany-tXDpniieU, au- 
thor of the repeat, says^that 
local authorities must ! take 
action to help avert a crisis., 
“The number of owner^occu- 
piers getting into difficulties is 
rising at an alarming rate, and - 
the latest figures show that 
more than one in ten homeless 
families lose their home be- 
cause of arrears. Ex-council 
tenants are most at risk, 
because local authorities are 
forced to give mortgages, even 
to people who would be 
turned down by building 

The report says that given 
the present economic dimate, 
with rising nnempfoymenr 
and the incidence of marriage 
break-up, which is the single 
most common cause of ar- 
rears, there is an increasing 
trend of mortgage arrears. 
Building Sodeties Association 
figures indicate that the num- 
ber of repossessions has dou- 
bled over the past 18 months. 

It emphasises that council 
tenants who buy their homes 
can have a greater risk of 
foiling into arrears because 

their incomes are generally 
lower than the average 

Stating that the aim of the 
authorities should be to limit 
mortgage arrears, and where 
possible enable owners to 
continue .. to live in their 
bouses, the report recom- 
mends the establishment of 
dear guidelines, so that if the 
borrower approaches the au- 
thority in the early . stages 
. anangement^cah be made foe- 
extending; .the loan period. 
Another, possibility is to ar- 
range for the owner to pay 
Interest only for a limited 
period, iwtif such -time-as the 
borrower's: .financial state 

The option of trading down, 
common in the property mar- 
ket, is unlikely to be available 
to tenants who have pur- 
chased due to the already 
“reduced” price of the existing 
home. This usually means that 
as a last option the housing 
authority repossesses and pos- 
sibly - provides alternative 
rented accommodation, or al- 
lows the owner to remain in 
the house as a tenant 

The report recommends 
that local authorities should 
formally take on the role of 
managing agent to supervise 
common repairs and mainte- 
nance, in order both to help 
owner-occupiers and recoup 
part of the cost. 

House Sales: the Management 
Implications (lOH. Upper 
Bel grave Street, London 
SWIX 8BA, or IOH Scottish 
Training Unit, Rosebury 
House, Haymarket Terrace, 
Edinburgh EHI25YA; £5.50). 

ban lifted 

The News of the World 
esterday won its appeal 
gainst an injunction granted 
ist Friday to the Attorney 
feneral. Sir Michael Havers, 
C, preventing it publishing 
n ankle about the cricketer 
in Botham. 

The Master of the Rolls, Sir 
jhn Donaldson, sitting with 
ord Justice Parker and Sir 
tome Walter, lifted the ban 
ier a public four-hour court 
earing. , 

Outside court a spokesman 
ir the publishers. New 
iroup Newspapers., said: we 
in now publish this Sunday, 
id we probably will” 

The injunction restrained 
ie newspaper publishing any 
pons about matters which 
■e the subject of an outsiand- 
m libel action brought by Mr 
otham against The Mail on 
i inday- 

Sir John said the court 
ould give its detailed reasons 
ter. but added: 

“We have come to the 
inclusion that as of now, it 
innot be said, or we are not 
lisfied, that there would be a 
ibstantial risk that the course 

‘ justice in the (libel) pro- 
edings would be seriously 
ejudiced by the publication 

the proposed article. 

“In other words the appuca- 
>n is premature and IJere- 
re we allow the appeal. 

The Appeal Court was told 
ihe bearing, which was 
intested by the Attoniey 
eneral, that The Mol on 
mdav libel tnal mvol^ng 
tides in March aid Apnl 
>84. would not be before year. . 

The heari ng last Friday was 
fore a judge in private. 

Remand In 
affray case 

• Seven men .appeared on 
remand at West London 
Magistrates' Court yesterday 
on charges connected with 
what the police describe as a 
“highly planned campaign of 
soccer hooliganism in Britain 
and abroad". 

They were arrested by Scot- 
land Yard and regional offi- 
cers in dawn raids on houses 
in London and southern coun- 
ties. All were remanded in 
custody until April 24. 

It is alleged that between 
December 9 last and March 25 
the seven conspired with each 
other and others within the 
jurisdiction .of the Central 
Criminal Court to cause af- 

Priest admits 
child charge 

A Roman Catholic priest 
pleaded guilty yesterday fo 
indecently assaulting a girl 
aged 10. 

Father Sean McWeeny, 
aged 49. of the Blessed Sacra- 
ment Church, Copenhagen 
Street, Islington, north Lon- 
don, was given a three-month 
jail sentence, suspended for 
two years. 

Father ends 
hunger strike 

A father abandoned his 
eight-day hunger strike yester- 
day after two village schools at 
Uanfibangel-ar-Arth and Pen- 
waun were reprieved. 

Mr Fred Fransis. aged 37. a 
Welsh language campaigner, 
had been taking only water 
and glucose in protest at a 
decision to close the schools 


Austin, the car maker whose style endures 80 years on 

Herbert Austin at the wheel of his first Loagbridge-bnilt car (left) and a later model leaving the old works in 1946. 

Austin Rover, the only surviving 
British-owned volume car manufac- 
turer, is preparing to celebrate 80 
yean of car production at its 
Loogbridge factory near Birmingham 
next week (Clifford Webb, Motoring 
Correspondent, wrftes). 

The Post Office has produced a 
first day cover which wiH go to each of 
the 14.900 Loogbridge workers and 
also be awritabte to collectors. 

Other events indude a parade of 
100 historic cats lent by Austin Car 

dubs aud the British Motor Heritage 
Trust, a British Rail Class 47 ex^ine 
to be named Herbert A ostia and a 
celebration dinner for 260 guests at 
the factory on April 26. That was the 
day 80 years ago when Herbert 
Austin held a smaller dinner party to 
celebrate bis first Loogbridge ear. 

In September 1905 Austin, the son 
of a Buckinghamshire farmer, select- 
ed a disused printing works at 
Loogbridge as the site for his first 
factory. The Austin Motor Company 

was formed a month later with a 
nominal capital of £50,000 in £l 
shares, almost sD of them owned by 
Austin himself. 

His first Longbrfdge car — he had 
earlier been invoked in Wolseley 
cars — was a 20 hp model costing 
£800 and incorporating a vertical 
engine with the petrol tank at the rear 
of the vehicle. It was described as 
“setting a new trend”. It is a trend 
that continues in today’s cars. 

Daring his 35 years at the wheel the 

man described as “the father of the 
British motor industry” produced 
865*339 cars. In 1947 the millionth 
Austin was signed by the workforce 
and is now a star of the Heritage 
Collection at Syon Park, London. 

In 1952. 12 years alter his death, 
Austin merged with its rivai Morris 
based at Cowley, near Oxford, to form 
the British Motor Corporation and 
spark off two generations of similar 
mergers, culminating in 1975 with the 
formation of British Leyland. 

Teachers’ action against Liverpool 

Liverpool City Council is to , counsel for the National the National Union of Teach- 
lace a High Court action Association of Teachers in ers after a hearing at which the 
alleging contempt of court in Further and Higher Education court quashed the council's 
foiling to comply with a told Mr Justice Mann that the decision to pay only staff who 
judge's order to pay teachers council had still not paid the bad actually worked on the 
whose schools were dosed teachers, despite being or- day of action, 
during a day of action last dered to do so by September jhe judge gave the union 
year- 30 last year. leave l0 bring foe case back to 

At the High Court yesterday The court order was won by court next week. 

Gas spray man jailed 

A man who used a camstei 
of CS gas at a Stoke Newing- 
ton swimming pool was sen- 
tenced to 14 days' 
imprisonment, suspended foi 
one year, by Highbury magis- 
trates, north london. 

Alan Goeller, aged 25. un- 

employed. of Digby Crescent. 
Finsbury Park, admitted pos- 
sessing the cannister at 
Oissold Road Swimming 
Baths on November 21. 

Woman Del Constable Car- 
ol Garden said that Goeller 
sprayed the gas into a man's 
face after an argument. 

£25,000 to 
for death 
of mother 

Two teenagers were award- 
ed £25,000 damages m the 
High Court yesterday for the 
log of their mother in a car 

crash. . „ 

MichelJe and Nicholas Do- 
ree had been brought up by 
their mother. Beryl, aged 35. 
after her divorce from her 
husband, Leonard, in January 

Bui in September 1981 1 the 
car in which she was a front 
seat passenger was in collision 
with a Jaguar car that was 
stationary’ at traffic lights at 
the Epping New Road junc- 
tion wjih Brook Road, in 
Loughion , Essex. 

Michelle, aged 15. and 
Nicholas, aged 13. who now 
live with their father and step- 
mother ai Church End. Har- 
low, Essex, will share the 
award, which was approved 
by Deputy Judge ferry 
Chcdlow. QC. 

The driver of the car, Patri- 
cia Harrington, of Fennells, 
Harlow, who denied liability, 
is to pay the damages and 
costs of the action. 

The award would have been 
£33.333. but it was reduced by 
25 percent because Mrs Doree 
was not wearing a seat belt. 

Vicar remand 

The Rev Jan Rnos. aged 53. 
who is accused of 28 child sex 
offences, was remanded in 
custody for a further week by 
Hull magistrates yesterday. 


I. How many households in the United Kingdom are an old person 
living alone? ' ' □ I in 30 □ I in 1 3 □ I in 10 □ I in 7 

2. How many old people have no living relatives? 

□ 50,000 □ 100,000 □ 300,000 □ 500,000 

3. How many old people have no regular visitors? 

□ 200,000 □ 450,000 □ 750,000 □ 1 ,000,000 

4. How many old people cannot get in and out of bed unaided? 

□ 20,000 □ 34,000 □ 70,000 □ 189,000 □ 500,000 

5. How many old people died in their homes from the cold in 1985? 

□ 200 □ 571 □ 1,000 □ 10,512 □ 100,000 

6. Britain has l.l million dwellings statutorily defined as unfit for 
human habitation. How many are inhabited by old people? 

□ 50,000 □ 150,000 □ 250,000 □ 350,000 □ 500,000 

7. How old was: 

a) Winston Churchill when he first became Prime Minister? 

b) Michelangelo when he started work on St. Peter's* Rome? 

8. How many centenarians received congratulatory telegrams from 
the Queen a) in 1965? b)in 1985? 

9. How many old people depend upon Supplementary Benefit? 

□ x h million □ I million □ 2 million □ 3 million □ 4 million □ 5 million 

10. What are we doing about it? 

Answers on page nine 
















T 4igt 


SB Gadaffl’s^iew^ — — — ““ ^^7Tn^Ucwnrld^A55lca 

Angry Gadaffi 

denounces US 
and UK from 
his secret HQ 

From Robert Fisk, Tripoli 

It was in one way the I 
familiar cocktail of rhetoric, m 
religious fervour, wounded oi 
Innocents and moderation £ 
the son of vintage Gadaffi that * 
defies all analysis. 

Libya was at war with 
America but would not esca- 
late war. God was greater than h 
America and Nato. Mrs si 
Thatcher, like President I 

gan. was a “child murderer . 
Libya did not issue orders to c 

^It^Mthe familiar face.too: ’< 
self-assured, serious head 8 
raised as iflooking above the £ 
horizon, the epaulettes of Ms 
naval officer’s tunic sparing 
in the television camera ligjt , 
Colonel Muammar Gadaffi 
was alive. ThaL ultimately, 
was the message. 

Where he was. the . *"! 
minute television^ broadcast 
did noi disclose. In LjJlJ 

was all his offices would sa - 

Colonel Gadaffi spoke, as 
usual, without notes, not «n a 
routine manner but m if there 

were things he had been 
waiting to say and th^ rae f 
out with little sense or order of 
progression. The death of his 
?6-monih-old adopteddangh" 
ier was not mentioned, only 
repeated references to the 


pan in recent bombings - 
including that aboard the 
"TWA iet in which a baby gm 
half his daughter's age was 
blown 15 . 000 ft to her death- 
-We did not issue any 
orders whatever to kill any 
person in the world, he said. 

on our ciu» ■ - ■ 

these attacks, he said, was 

“aimed at my house and tent 

but failed". , . 

The colonel clearly wished • 
to appear defiant. “If there is a 
Jive force in Amenca. it .• 
should topple .President Rea- 
gan of Amenca. for he is 
fighting us and striking at our 
children and cities . . -R«jsan 
and Thatcher should becaltea 
•child murderers . . ; God is 
greater than Amenca and 
greater than Nato. Here (in 
Libya), the glory is that a smaU 
countrv stands alone in the 
See of American fleets and . 

There was. however, a 
moderating tone, the sort of 
line that might qmetra djpli> 
malic anxieties, if 
were not so well aware that 
retaliation will come outside 

I “Ireceived many calls from 
1 a number of friendly rcounl- 
i lies," Colonel Gadaffi . went 
! on/“urging non-*scalation of 
f the military situation against 
s southern Europe.’ 

Malta was singled out for 
v special praise and so. later. 

1 was Sudan- The formula was 
implied rather than specific 
v - had the nations of southern 

- Europe -not-pleaded for mod- 
, e eration. he woulT have *t- 
ri tacked the Sixth Fleet. 

A partial official transcript 

of the colonel's speech later 

,v omitted a number of points 

,v that he had made: an appeal to 

d. Arab nations, for example, to 

talks on ways 
to fight terrorism 

From Richaid Owen, Pari® 




ll^W- Ilf ilf 

; iK L 

FWmBS<ten, ^’^«ide 1 y eXOUUS 


riTzl- *i*. Warsaw Pact, the an onuon strongly ravuiM «*dants of American w* 

&f£5ff5J»5E E^^VZS* :!5JS?y££*2f& 

K the Warsaw Pact, the m muon strongly pendants of 

Arab pagoe _arid_the non- by Britain. ciab and rwun Sudan. 

Arab League and the non- 
aliened nations on -ways oi 
combaMig terrorism^ __ 

KT-Sk- — * SS-sgf-sfiS 

Syan terrorism for adopuen American tasnanon^ 

after the 

ibyan terrorism naa 

2=5^528$ ^"^etricb 

SbiiuSSs » *“££? £5 

btfwom Europe and the U5. damage to tne * 

The minis ters accepted Sir Western alliance. -!SS?American citizens and 

rrfnffiev Howe’s explanation xhev both agreed with Sm ?tfe rost 

that he had not known in o^^ythaiColoneK^ddafi l0l ?^ l 4 n nationals work- 
the American ^g^STbe allowed to Amg^JS^y agenda 
bSmbSg raids on Tnpph and cceeA where Moscow^has mg m * other non- 
Benghazi when the ministers and split the West rtificiidbodies were “welcome 

latf Monday m- The . .. white- ofiicial w join the 

Kengnazi wucu taueu auu 

met last Monday m- me # ^ pniise: Mr John White 

Hague. • - head, the American Under 

Sir Geoffrey yesterday gave of state, desaibei 

his EEC colleagues a tetter ^ ‘•very positive 

containing deemed evidence ^lest steps against Liby 

U.1 m ■ .«4ifhnnl IPTfATlSm 3 

neau, tut ~ 

Secretary of State, desenbea s ^Vy officiaL 

SSISSr as “very positive" “7 protest demonstraaon 

the* latest steps against Libya w Wednesday 

and international lenorism as the American anaekon^^ 

j -j i Wir Pnmnean foreign hv nolitical parues 

containing .aenuw the latest steps a here on 

on three points: and international tenonsmaj ^ American anackon ^ 

* links between the Libyan decided by European foreign p^tzed by polity 
^JSTand^ Provisional mMistere at their meeting andtrade umore. ^ 

mx mine back to the early .pans yesterday and in The evidence of the strewn 

IRA going oaci, Hague on Monday. anti-American and pro-Udy 

l970s; ....u- ^ . feeiinES in Sudan. . __ 

_ ^.^ishvan tv proving his fitness after the bombing. 
President Gadaffi in naval uniform on Libyan tv, proving 

He ha 


• Libyan responsibility for the 

draihof WPC Fletcher m 
1984; and 

ague uu itiivum**;. . jum-Auiw . 

Mr Whitehead, who ^ public demon- 

j:«n «hi> annual OELU tiowc i. -in* con- 

SS less imp«® « 

join him in imposing pobti^l 
and economic sanctions 
against Amenca and^ Britain 
a§d a claim that ^ you 
know, all Europe says Reagan 

** ^lespeech had ended on a 
universal tone: “We in l^bya 
are seeking to unite the Arab 
nations and (gam) the total 

liberation of Palest ine. W e are 
not murderers or terrorists as 
Reasan claims. It is Reagan 
who murders children, for he 
sent warplanes to destroy our 
houses, schools and farms and 
kill our children and women. 

if he understands the art ot 
rhetoric, however. Colonel 

Gadaffi is~ also- a_gl aster ot 

stage management He had 
begun his broadcast mabnost 

flamboyant manner. "Jmnon 

the lights, dance m the streets 
- dorft be afraid of America, 

he had proclaimed. 

And, across TripoM the 
blackout disappeared and the 
electricity was turned back on^ 

ssssssssi *? sg^SKfS s«a =« 

SfetimeTLuKmbbui&Md mentofUbya. and pro-Palesliium groups 

will take action on a report temporary reaction- may be pla nnin g big 

■ssapfiw s-aftXT Z 


rgfl SfaBafJsr sastfar 


at Tte Ha»», ministers in Brussds tooay. Nanon>»»»- 

nnrppBi Greek refusal on sanctions 

DIEPPE oj-jhrtgi ;« -jl* S' Andr^ni.thuForu.gnNtais- 

s> . . >■ i 

. i .i ** • i y \ 

T f £ f ^ •- i * 

•.Si I-"* -■ 2 

/.non Ctk’tV 

sanctions agmi ut —J TT 
• shown conclusive evidence 

Colonel Gadaffi’s link with 

international terrorism. ^ 
Greece had endorsed the 
decision without reservation, 
but Mr Antonis Kourtis, gov- 
ernment spokesman m Ath- 
ens, said yesterday. We need 
to see proof of this before we 
implement the sanctions. „ 
While British premises m 
Athens were being evacuated 

Greece is remsing w ao«u«. ^ e lX ^^veimment Andreotti, the 


hour stoppage kj - is attacked, me oureia 

down a US ?^__°L53S Meanwhile in Rome a 

down a US offer of Wp k^-nwhile in Rome a 
against further bmn^^broughttheevacu- 

Sch as last Tuesday's on oomos^ A^Scan Express 
Lampedusa. . - Piazza di ^agna rn 

^P^iS’irtJtS’SEdSfiSSt A bag With 
messages delivoed ^Sfikmg out was opened 

Ambassador, ^ to coutam a 

Rabb,pere«rfytotfae^e ^Sn’s tools. . 

Minister, Signor - Bettmo ■ 

nue tsnnso p*wu«»* “ Signor' uerano ■ 

Honecker fears blow Threats to 

•West links 

From Roger Boyes, EastRerliffl 


The East Goraag Coirnau- 

nisi Party chief, Herr Ench woridTand 

“ .TT iJSidS 1?^ ■*!«“ 

Gorbachov, the SyffiSt' VeA'i East Germany 

gavcawaroingy^erday thM ™ ^ and West 

the American attack on Libya moot 0 f lying 

could provoke an uocontrolla- Gomany y»»» ^ 
hh> international crisis. wne ™*»wE*tited 



From Richard Wigg 


Although Herr HOT'dOT, from the Libyan 

SrioS misaou.m E^t 

who was speaking at me aa 


KirT P o™est Beriin 

stsssMsa gg-JEas 

collapse Wptinesdav “because US m- 

He had been hoping , to beheved 

SrB^og SfiffiSs 

SKtSB ssssassaft 

twirinn which will have an ment — 

Spain swiftly rejected yes- 
terday Colonel GadafiTs de- 
mand on television tlrat it 
should not allow .any ‘^war- 
like activities" by the US Sixth 
Fleet from its Mediterannean 
ports or waters. 

“We consider unacceptobte 
any Libyan threats or interfer- 
ence in matters concerning 
our sovereignty,” the Foreign 
Ministry spokesman declared. 

Colonel Gadaffi’s recogni- 
tion that Spain trad not al- 
lowed US use. of base fecilities 
in this country was greeted, 
however, with reiiet 

Several Spanish cures were 
the scene of anti-American 
demonstrations on Wednes- 
day night. The Stars and 

i Stripes were burnt in public m 

l two cities and in Madrid and 
i Barcelona two American rast- 
- food restaurants came under 
attack. ■ 

‘v* o: i 

■» 1^.' I 



: Awona 

■ Torre jon 

gALY ^ 

qrece Nea 
sT \ Makri, 



Ssi VitOt 


NATO Command Centres J 
US bases §B UK bases 

250 mies 

By Rodney Cowtwi 

Defence Correspondem 

Britain is stroigti»oii“g de- 

jl -.v — Luu-Afl W ronCMI- 

ers vulnerable to attacks by 
j Libyan terrorists or its armed 


The armed forces were 
placed on akrt immedtetely 
after the American raid on 

Libya on Tuesday. 

It is understood there has 
been a limited special deploy- 

.a r ■ i. (mum tva UHVllCfl- 

^ UP.n ' = 

Britain builds up its 
Mediterranean bases 

.. » Mm. ■-»" « 

tar bases. , _ . 

The Ministry of Defence 
refused to detail its actions 

Earivbinis. Scaliuk have some money- 

savins; news. 

Our breakfast rime sailings front 

Ncwhaven to Dieppe rim summer will be, 
quite literally, the cheapest way to cross 
the channel. Many of our car tares arc the 
same or even cheaper than last year. 

Two adults, for example, travelling in 

“ >° ur hoUday than on 

would set you buck bctvtccn £144 ,ud cu^ ^ ^ ^ ^ pi-83 4 8122. 

£i36 W TOU grt up earty. you can get up to g “ pfifLIN K. BER RIES 

i~31 off. with Scaiink Die ppe Femes — ■ 

^ - ’ WFRHFLbblS AHEAD. 

aie nionyiM-*- — " . 

But, there were reports jester 
day that fighter aircraft were 
being deployed to Gibraltar. 

Two Royal Navy vessels 
have been in the Gibraltar 
area for several days ana a 
appears they rill be retsnsad 
there for longer than normal 
because of the present tenaoa. 

There are also RAF Phan- 
tom filters at the Akrotiri air 

base in Cypres. They went s 
there originally for weapons ' 
practise but now it seems ' 
likely they will stay, or possi- i 
bly be replaced by othms, to 
provide air ddfence. 

Ministry of Defence sources 
said the changes in deploy- 
ments were to strengthen de-. 
fences and were nut part o f any 
move to evacuate Britons from 
Libya. However, it has been 
acknowledged that should an 
evacuation become necessary, 
whether from Libya or Leba- 
non, the presence of nava l and 
air assets in the Mediterra- 
nean could prove valuable. 

Gibraltar and Cypres are 
both within about 1,200 miles 

of lftya and therefore also 
| within range of air attacks. 

Bases are also stepping up 
r precautions against terrorist 

attacks. More soldiers are 
reported to be patrollin g ip 
combat kit, in Gibraltar, 

there are reports of cars being 

prevented from parking dose 
to miBtaiy installations. Fairs, 
which would normally he held 
on military property, have 
bees cancelled. 

• The map shows major Brit- 
ish and American bases, and 
Nato headquarters in the 
Mediterranean area which 
could be among the -targets 
most at risk if Colonel Gadaffi 
chooses to attack military 
targets, .whether by direct 
armed ferae or by acts of 

It Is thought that all these 
bases and headquarters will 
now be on alert to detect any 
attempt at hostile action ■ 


ex °4 

UiaL ti'* 

l nrea 

■ .-»! r-.v. 

%. :vt. 


<-wfrsf,AS NEWS 

Moscow promises 
to strengthen 
Libya’s defences 
in wake of attack 

Moscow (NYT)- The Sovi- 
et Union has promised to 
strengthen the defences of 
Libya in die wake of the USair 
strike on Tuesday. 

The pledge was made on 
Wednesday in a message from 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov to 
Colonel GadaffL 
According to Tass, the mes- 
sage read; “The Soviet Union 
firmly intends to fulfil its 
commitments in terms of 
further strengthening Libya's 
defence capacity". 

Although the terms of the 
commitment have not been 
disclosed. Western diplomats 
say they expect the Russians 
to replace damaged military 
equipment, including fighter 
planes, radar and air defence 
systems. The Soviet Union 
las long been Libya's main 
arms supplier. 

Mr Gorbachov said Ameri- 
can efforts to “force Libya to 
its knees have been dashed 
while the United .States has 
suffered a new moral and 
political defeat*. This ap- 
peared to be an allusion to 
generally negative reactions to 
the air strike around the 

Meanwhile, the Foreign 
Ministry spokesman, Mr Vla- 
dimir Lomeiko, said that if the 
US stopped showing “con- 
tempt for international law 
and morality", it might be 
possible to set a new date fora 
meeting between Mr Eduard 
Shevardnadze, its Foreign 
Minister, 'and Mr George 
Shultz, the US Secretary of 

The two men were supposed 
to have met in mid-May to 
prepare for another meeting 
between Mr Gorbachov and 
Mr Reagan. But after the air 

Hunt for 

Washington (AFP) — US 
technicians are working on 
sophisticated new detectors in 
an attempt to improve airport 
security, compromised by 
terrorists' use of non-metalfic 
weapons, tike explosives and 
largely plastic pistols. 

The urgency of theirsesuch 
is underused by the recent ' 
explosion fftaf blew a hole m '■ 
the side of a TWA Boeingas it 
approached Athens airport. 
This is now suspected of 
having been caused by plastic 
explosive hidden in a bag. 

The search is also given 
point by a new State Depart- 
ment report that 412 Ameri- 
cans died in terrorist attacks, 
including airline hijacks, be- • 
tween 1973 and 1985, mainly 
in Latin America and the 
Middle East 

The total did not include the 
US sergeant killed tins month 

Mother of 
backs raid 

New York (NYT) - The 
mother of one of the two 
American airmen believed 
lulled in Monday's attacks on 
Libya said yesterday that her 
family supported President 
Reagan’s decision on the . 

Mrs Bemie Lorence Kruger, 
mother of Captain Paul 
Lorence of San Francisco, said 
from her home in Oakland, 
Califomia:“You can’t allow 
someone like Gadaffi to rule 
the world by terrorism.” 

The other airman believed 
killed was Captain Fernando 
Ribas-Dominicci, aged 33, of 
Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. 

Captain Lorence joined the 
Air Force in 1972 anti was 
trained as a nuclear weapons 
technician. After four years be 
left the service and in 1980 
graduated from San FraDcisco 
State University. . 

He rejoined the Air Force 
and met his wife,. Dana 
Rutherford, while stationed m 
England. They have an eignt- 
monih-old son, Peter, and 
lived in Norwich. 

In Puerto Rico, friends and 
relatives sealed off the home 
of the Ribas family in the 
central mountain town of 
Utuado, to protect Captain 
Ribas's father, who is 83 and 
in feiling health, and ha 
mother, aged 78. Ribai aged 
33, was the youngest of their 
six children. 

Mr Josfe Ribas, the lily’s 
eldest son, said his brother 
had graduated as a cmi 
engineer and Altered the A£ 
Force m about 1977. He 
married and they have a four- 

year-old son/Femando. 

Asked how he felt about Jbe 
raid on Libya., the 
said: “You think about it 
differently when you have 
been personally 
think someone had ioj *> }he 
diny job because Itapw ihal 
Libya was wrong ana 
right, but why P**** 081 ^!^ 


have been found? never 
attacked Cuba. Instead, we 
blockaded them. Tfrere arejJ 
lot of ways to respond;!© what 

Libya to been doing- 

strike against Libya, Moscow 
cancelled the preparatory 
talks. Saying it could not hold 
high-level discussions with the 

. Mr, Lomeiko dismissed 
American . contentions tha t 
Ubya was a centre of interna- 
tional terrorism. He character- 
ized Washington's claim that 
it had intercepted Libyan 
communications as “so-called 

In his message to Colonel 

Gadaffi, Mr Gorbachov said: 

“I want to express on behalf of 
the Soviet leadership and all 
Soviet people to you personal- 
ly and to toe friendly Libyan 
people feelings of solidarity in 
the face of US imperialism's 
crime of banditry”. 

He said Moscow had “re- 
peatedly issued warnings to 
toe US about the dangerous 
consequences of the continua- 
tion of its anti-Libyan policy. 

“Such a development of 
events cannot but have a 
negative impact on Soviet- 
American relations as well," 

Mr Gorbachov said. 

~ Soviet televirion reports 
from. Ubya have been show- 
ing bodies, including those of 
children, and damaged build- 
ings. The Soviet press has also 
been reporting foreign denun- 
ciations of the American 

On Wednesday, Moscow 
protested to Britain about its 
support for toe air strike. Sir 
Bryan Cartledge, the British 
ambassador, was summoned 
to the Foreign Ministry and, 
according to Tass, told that 
granting the use of the bases 
made “toe British leadership a 
direct accomplice in the ag- 
gressive US action". 

a plastic 

detector ” n) 

L One household in seven in the UK is an old person living alone. 

jtengSi 8 Tripott Help the Aged funds day centres throughout the country. For many old people, day centres are their 

' But companies marking on ~ only chance of companionship. 

tbe neir generation . of US . . 

2. Nearly Haif a million old people have no living relatives. 

ber uf Help the Aged is aiming to place one minibus every week with voluntary groups. For no less than 

20,000 old people who already use this service every week, it is a vital link with the community. 

be seen, tut we~ are moving 

3. One million old people have no regular visitors. 

tifln spokesman, said. ■ ■ w 

Most present airport Help the Aged’s Lifeline Appeal has already placed nearly 1 ,000 emergency alarm systems in the homes 

^^^3? rtr rSSS of old people who are vulnerable and at risk. 

object or dosely packed expkh 

4* 189,000 old people cannot get in and out of bed unaided. 695,000 
— — n can’t cope with stairs. 757,000 can’t bath or shower without help. 

HcmxcaU 1 ,056,000 can’t walk unassisted. 

forces UiN Help the Aged is funding day hospitals where old people can recover their independence and 

evacuation confidence, after illness or injury. 

5. Last year, 571 old people died in their homes from hypothermia. 

a - debate on the American This year, the figure will be much higher. 

Pysariwsky writes). . I ; Besides campaigning for better heating subsidies and better pensions; the day centres we support 

the UN t raceived an apony- provide warmth and a hot meaJ, for some old people their only regular hot meal. 

mous telephone call claiming ' 

that a bomb contained in a - ■ ___ _ ... - - - . ... . . • 

^ e ^a“h^Sr pl2C ' d in 6 . 500,000 dwellings - nearly half of our most appalling housing - is 

nothing was found. “°H ■ inhabited by old people; who are least able to cope. 

Egyptian offer Help the Aged « campaigning for better housing provision for old people, both in the public and private 

sectors, because old people aren’t “them”, they’re one in five of us. 

eigners from Libya and pro- 

lhe 7. Winston Churchill was 65 when he became Prime Minister. 

Michelangelo was 71 when he started work on St. Peter’s, Rome. 

ed outade ti^^ertoEm- A reminder that being 60+ can be the beginning, not the end of a lifetime’s achievements. 

demonstration ag ainst the 

8 . In 1965, 448 centenarians received a congratulatory telegram from 
Kabulmarch the Queen. In 1985, the figure was 1,819. 

Islamabad (Reuter) - Ab- Between 1981 and 2001, the number of people aged over 75 will increase from 3.1 million to 4.1 

Se usMwssyi ifkabui and . million. More and more of us are going to live to be old. Yet what is in store for us if we let things ride? 

burned toe American flag 

B^btoreat^ 9 Nearly two million old people depend upon supplementary benefit. 

America^ Express n Mg^ «■. Put another way, that’s one in five pensioners. 

bomb threat - . - . ' 

Tunis denial 10. These facts paint a grim picture of what it can mean to be old in Britain today. Help the Aged is dedicated 
ror T iteT l ^a to improving this situation by campaigning for better pensions and heating allowances. Funding I 

iSt Day Centres, Day Hospitals and Hospices. Providing emergency alarm systems and \ 1 / 

airspace for the raws;- minibuses. To find out more about our work, or if you would like to make a donation, 

Spanish delay please write to: John Mayo OBE, Director-General, Help the Aged, Freepost, 

has suspended a tourism pn£ St James’s Walk, London ECIB IBD. . — 

Botha warns of rising ^usedof 

bloodshed if Western torturing 
voting system adopted ^ By Paul Vaflely 

Johannesburg (Reuter) — 
President Botha yesterday 
ruled out Western-style de- 
mocracy for South Africa, 
saying it would increase the 
bloodshed that has plagued 
the country for more than two 

Hour earlier in Umtata. 
ibe capita! of the Trcnsfcci 
“homeland", at least two peo- 
ple were injured when a bomb 
exploded m the building- 
which housed the Transkei 
Government - one of 10 
nominally independent home- 
lands set up by the mainly 
white Government 

Mr Botha, addressing Par- 
liament in Cape Town, repeat- 
ed plans to reform apartheid 
but restated his opposition to 
toe introduction of a one- 
person. one-vote political 

“In practice. Africa has 
taught us that it means the 

dictatorship of the most pow- 
erful black group." he said- 
“In the case of the Republic of 
South Africa, it would mean a 
greater struggle and more 
bloodshed than that presently 

Mr Botha’s opponents, 
however, say apartheid cannot 
be reformed but must be 

Almost 1.500 people have 
died in anti-government riots 
in the past 26 months. 

Mr Botha attacked anti- 
eovemmertt guerrillas, accus- 
ing them of trying to use 
tactics employed by Libya and 
the Palestine Liberation Or- 

In Johannesburg. Herr Wil- 
ly Brandt, the former West 
German Chancellor, said time 
was running out for peaceful 
change in South Africa and he 
urged Pretoria to release from 
jail Mr Nelson Mandela, toe 

‘War on children’ 

New York (Reuter) - A 
human rights group yesterday 
blamed South African security 

for Human Rights said in a 
report that Pretoria had sin- 
gled out black children “as 

forces for the deaths of more special targets of state-sanc- 
than 200 children in the last tioned violence” during toe 
year through indiscriminate past 19 months of protest 
use rtf tear gas, bird shot, against apartheid. It said 

Herr Willy Brandt, president of the Socialist International, 
giving form to his thoughts after a visit to South Africa. 

metal-tipped whips, rubber 
ballets and live ammunition. 
The Lawyers’ Committee 

many children had been “rou- 
tinely assaulted” and badly 
tortured while in custody. 

outlawed .African National 
Congress leader. 

Herr Brandi, on his way to a 
meeting in Botswana of toe 
Socialist international group, 
of which he is president, said 
the white-black division in 
South Africa was growing. 
“We have met a lot of 
kindness and friendship 
(among blacks), but wc have 
also met a lot of bitterness and 
even desperation." 

Herr Brandt, chairman of 
West Germany's Social Dem- 
ocratic Party, has asked for a 
meeting with Mr Mandela on 
his brief return to South Africa 
on Monday. 

“I strongly fed that - - . 
further radicaiization can only 
be avoided if Nelson Mandela 
and his comrades are brought 
back to freedom and if there is 
introduced freedom of speech 
and political organization." 
Herr Brandi said. 

Police have reported three 
more deaths in Wednesday's 
battles between Zulu clans 
near the Indian Ocean coast. 

Meanwhile, a team of 21 
New Zealand rugby players, 
defying an international boy- 
cott of sporting links with 
South .Africa, arrived yester- 
day for a secretly prepared 1 2- 
maich lour. 

By Paul Vaflely 

Political prisoners in Ethio- 
pian jails have been systemati- 
cally tonured, according to a 
group of international lawyers 
who recently made a secret 
visit to toe rebel province of 

Interviews with 121 prison- 
ers. who were among 1,800 
freed from Mekele prison by 
guerrillas of toe Tigre People’s 
Liberation Front two months 
ago. produced consistent alle- 
gations of imprisonment with- 
out trial, torture to exact false 
confessions, and summary 

According to Mr Alex Lyon, 
toe former Home Office Min- 
ister who led toe investigation, 
the interviews confirmed alle- 
gations about toe misuse of 
Western food aid by the 
Ethiopian regime ana the 
brutal compulsion of toe reset- 
tlement scheme which toe 
Government claims is volun- 

More than 400 of the pris- 
oners were former employees 
of toe ruling Detgue. They 
were arrested on suspicion of 
being insurgent sympathizers 
and then urged, under torture, 
to incriminate others. 

The investigators included a 
doctor who confirmed that 
toeir injuries were consistent 
with various methods of 

Islamabad (Reuter) - Ab- 
out 2,000 people. marched to 
toe US Embassy in Kabul and 
burned toe American flag 

Rome (Reuter) - The 
American Express office in 
Rome was evacuated after a 
bomb threat 

Tunis denial 

Tunis (AP) - A spokesman 
for the Tunisian Foreign Min- 
istry . dented Libyan charges 
that toe US used Tunisian 
airspace for toe raids! 

Spanish delay 

Madrid (Reuter) — Spain 
has suspended a tourism prt£ 
motion campaign in the US 
because of the Libyan crisis. 

Poles protest 

Warsaw (Reuter) - Polish 
and Arab demonstrators burn- 
ed an American flag m the 
street outside toe USEmbassy 
in Warsaw. .. .. 



This advertisement has been sponsored by Abbey Life Assurance Co. Ltd. 

Help the Aged 


PATRON: HRH The Princess of WaJes. 


,77 has-: 
is. Mr 


r) — 

■' Ba- 
rt fiis 
- Sc: 
2 , on 
Jins 3- 

F — 
‘•~* T 


This evening, offer your children a choice. 

On one hand, they can have bread and fish. On the 
other. Birds Eye fish fingers. 

Your picky young progeny will, we confidently 
predict, go for the fish fingers. 

But what they’ll have consumed is breadcrumbs, 
cod and seasoning. No preservatives. No artificial 

So what’s changed in two thousand years? 

Freezing. That’s what enables us to bring you fish 
fingers. It’s a process as natural as our ingredients. 
Take another example, our garden peas. 

They can actually be more nutritious than fresh 
ones. This is because we freeze them within two and a 
half hours of picking them. (We’re alone among frozen 
food manufacturers in doing this, we might add.) 

Fresh vegetables, in fact, can lose nutritional value 
all along the line. 

Freezing keeps nutrition in. It also means you can 
enjoy produce out of season. 

There’s not a lot more we can add. 

The effectiveness of the freezing process means 
few additives. 

As with our peas, our Country Club range of 
vegetables are as natural as Nature grows them. 

We’ve never been tempted to add colour. 

Or preservatives. 

Not even salt or sugar. 

What about prepared foods? 

We review our recipes constandy Every product 
in our range. For example, we’ve just completed 
a major programme to reduce our use of additives. 

You may have read our announcement about 
artificial colours including the much debated tartrazine. 

We have now eliminated tartrazine from all our 
products. We have not, however, removed all 
additives. Some are essential if we 
are to bring you the product in 
the best possible condition. 

Or to make it taste the way you expect. 

We can assure you these additives will be kept to 

a minimum. 

We’ve also reviewed our sugar, salt and fat levels. 

Indeed we’ve produced low fat versions of some 
of our products. (Two tasty examples: Beefburgers 
and Grills.) 

What is an unhealthy food? 

There’s no such thing. But there is such a thing 
as an unhealthy diet. The odd helping of burger and 
chips, for instance, need cause you no concern. : 

As long as they’re part of a balanced nutritious 
diet which doesn’t have excessive fat, you’ve very litde 
to worry about. 

To help you know where you stand on such things, 
we printnutritional information on all our frozenfood 
packs. We’ve done it since 1979. 

But then we’ve always adopted an open attitude 
to nutrition. (It must have something to do with being 
the founders of the British frozen food industry) 

A little reading matter. 

We’ve published an interesting litde book about 
healthy eating. We’d like you to read it. 

For a free copy, write to Freezeline, Birds Eye Wall’s 
Limited, Walton-on-Thames, Surrey KT12 int. Please 
include a 9"x 6 V 2 " stamped and addressed envelope. 
It’s worth going to the trouble. 

Birds Eye. Naturally we’re concerned. 




Gorbachov dazzled as 

Honecker preaches 

-> • revolution 


The red flags were. flying 
throughout East Berlin yester- 
day, but it was the microchip 
rather than the Bolshevik 
Revolution which was domi- 
nating the East German Com- 
munist Party congress as it 
met under the gaze of Mr 
•Mikhail Gorbachov, the Sovi- 
et leader. 

Herr Erich Honecfcer.tbe 
East German party leader, 
opened the congress with a 
four-hour exposition of his 
country’s policies. He deoiled 
its achievements, from the 
number of apartments with 
interior lavatories in Kari- 
Marx-Stadt to the effects of 
Socialist Realism in the arts. 

This is the first of the East 
European party congresses to 
be attended by Mr Gorbachov 
— the Czechs and the Bulgari- 
ans were allotted -relatively 
Jow-Jeyel Soviet delegates — 
and his presence is dominat- 
ing this half of the divided 

His wile, Raisa, as breath- 
lessly admired as in the West, 
is visiting East German fash- 
ion houses, and the Kremlin 
leader, stepping, into the. rrrid- 

-dle of a group of football 
playmg teenagers, was caught 
m what the official press 
. described as a “spontaneous 
exchange of balls". 

Mr Gorbachov made the 
Soviet party congress last 
February into a radical .re- 
assessment of economic poli- 
cies and party shortcomings.- 
However, Hen 1 Honecker yes- 
terday indulged in only mild 
doses ofsdf-criticiRm. 

His line is -that tire East 

Germans have already been 
putting into practice the 
Gorbachov innovations. This 
he trfed id demonstrate in 
exhaustive detail; the number 
of industrial robots in East 
German industry, for exam- 
ple, has risen from zero- in 
1970 to more than 56,000. 
Another 80,000 would be 
manufactured and put into 
use by 1990 according to 
present plans, be said. 

East Germany is investing 
huge amounts in its electron- 
ics industry, the aim bring not 
• only to modernize the whole 
of East German manufactur- 
ing industry, but also to 

Diplomatic shake-up 

MmMid t A P\ . U. v.n r • , .. . _ 

wwiH replace Mr Kritsmsky 
fa he headed 

defegahon at the Geneva arms the Soviet delegation to the 
control talks, has been ap- talks on imritine medram- 

^ ieve 

to West 
ay, Prawda announced 

The appointment was the 
latest in a series of important 
shifts in " Soviet diplomatic 

Pravda did not reveal who 

missiles from 1981 to 

Mr Kvitsmsky’s appoint- 
ment followed the choice of Mr 

Oleg Troyanovslcy, . the veter- 
an Soviet diplomat, as the new 
Ambassador to D na. - 

reduce dependence on import- 
ed electronic components. 

Herr Honecker tried to 
Show that Soviet disgruntle- 
mem over the quality of East 
European exports to Moscow 
and lire wasteful use of Soviet 
oil does not apply to his 

East Germany, be said, was 
doing its utmost to exploit its 
own natural energy reserves, 
its metallurgy industry was 
not squandering raw materi- 
als, its refining industry was 
producing and exporting to 
good effect, and ns trading 
relationship with Moscow 
would be a high priority in the 
coining five years. 

Mr Gorbachov, who could 
be seen mopping the sweat 
from his brow as Herr 
Honecker entered his fourth 
hour, seems to accept this 
view of East Germany's eco- 
nomic future. 

-Certainly, although growth 
has been - lagging somewhat, 
East Germany is out-perform- 
ing most of its communist 

Herr Honecker’s promises 
yesterday were extravagant by 
Polish standards. He prom- 
ised, for example, that the 
housing problem would be 
solved by 1990. 

There were, however, some 
traces of self-criticism in Herr 
Honeckef’s speech, but they 
were mostly modest echoes of 
complaints in the press. 

But though there was a 
strong consumer orientation 
to the speech, some of the 
issues that have been worrying 
East Germans — like pollution 
— were hardly touched on. 

' r so- Yevtushenko attacks the censors 

h < . , 
i J V h. 


Moscow (NYT) - A Com- 
munist Party newspaper has 
published an article by 

Yevgpny Yevtushenko, the 

poet, in which he criti cize d 
censorship and dogmatism in 
Soviet fife. 

“Public silence is a hidrten 
form of anarchy," Yevtushen- 
ko said. 

“The archaic dinosaurs of 
so-called security are still try- 
ing to put their personal 
opinions above all others, 
doing everything to prevent 
writers, film directors, artists, 
scientists and workers from 
saying what is On their mind." 

The article on Tuesday also 
made * - rare disapproving 

reference to Stalin’s persecu- 
tion of Anna Akhmatova, the 
poet, and Dmitri Shostako- 
vich, the composer. 

Yevtushenko's friends said 
the newspaper, Sovietskaya 
Kuliura, solicited die piece as 
the first in a series of contribu- 
tions by various authors for a 
new column 

EEC farm 
lobby in 
first defeat 

i u 

From Jonathan Braude .■ 
Strasbourg — 

The European ' Pariiaznenl 
has voted for a price freeze for 
EEC farmers. It is the first 
defeat for the agricultural 
lobby in the annual term, price 


- «l* ' 

Spanish right-wingers and 
Portuguese Socialists joined 
the attack on spending during 
a vote on a report on agricul- 
ture by Mr James Provan, a 
British Conservative. 

Many of Mr Provan's ideas, 
including a ceiling on sales of 
surplus produce into the 
EEC’s food stores, and a cut in 
protection against imports 
were voted back imo the. 
report, after the Parfiamenfs 
farmer-dominated agriculture 
committee had thrown them 

In a series of anti-protec- 
tionist amendments, the Par- 
liament voted to “negotiate 
with the United States over 
growing food trade tensions 
and to maintain, access for 
New Zealand produce to Eu- 
ropean markets". 

• But there were fears that 
this could be overturned later 
when proposals for butter 
were put to the vote. 

tribe paid 
to deceive 

‘ Manibi (Renter) — The 
existence a tribe of Stone 
Age- cave-dwellers in the 
southern Philippines is a 
hoax, former government offi- 
cials said yestoatay. 

: Mr Panne* Bidangan, the 
former director of the Bnean 
on Cultural Mmorities, said 
the discovery of the Tasaday 
tribe on Mindanao island in 
1971 was a hoax perpetrated 
by the office of the Presiden- 
tial Assistant on National 

“The so-called Tasaday is 
not another tribe. Those few 
familie s allegedly discovered^ 

are Manobos who wort farther 
up the mmmtams 

At the time, their discovery 
was called the ethnological 
find of the century, and former 
President Marcos declared the 
area off-limits. 

Mr Oswald I ten, a Swiss 
journalist, and Herr Walter 
Unger, of West Germany, who 
recently visited the area, 
quoted the cave-dwellers as 
saying they were paid to play 
the part, 

Mr Bidangan, a Mauobo 
tribesman hhn$el& said tire 
tribe was scantily dad when 
found because of their poverty 
and not, as claimed, their 
Stone Age culture. 

waltz king 

r Oslo — Norwegians yester-f 
day forgot briefly Libya, in- 
dustrial unrest and falling oill 
prices to mourn a man whose! 
passing meant- the end of an" 
era (Tony Sam stag writes). 

On Wednesday Mr Reuterl 
Thommessen, known as “the 
waltz king" because at least 
half his hundreds of published 
works were waltzes, died at 96. 

“The waltz king" earned 
much of his living performing! 
with string ensembles in Oslo; 
cafes, most notably The The- 1 
atre* where he made one of his 
last .public appearances. 

Muldoon will 

appear m 
rock musical 

Wellington (Reuter) - Sir 
Robert Muldoon, the former 
New Zealand Paine Minister, 
has accepted a role in an 
Auckland stage production of 
the rock musical The Rocky 
Horror Show. 

Sir Robert, aged 64, who in 
pine years as Prime Minister 
built a reputation as a tough, 
irascible leader, told reporters 
the job was just more of the 
same/Tve been in show busi- 
ness for the last 25 years." 

Dinner for Tejero earns jailer sack 

The commandant of the 
military prison where former. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Antonio 

Teiero. one of the key figures 
1981 coup 


, -*«»4 

in the Februaiy 

attempt, is serving a 30-year 
sentence, has been 1 dismissed, 
for inviting his prisoner to an 
“old comrades" dinner with 
many other guests inside the 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 

The former Qyil Guard 
colonel, who stormed the 
Cortes at gunpoint during the 
coup bid, holding all 350 MPs 
hostage, shared a dinner of 
typical Catalan fish delicacies 
on Good Friday night 

Colonel Manuel Ortega, 
who had charge of the prison 
in Figueros Castle near Gero- 

na. has now been put on a list 
awaiting a new posting by 
Lieutenant-General Jose 
Saenz de Tejada, Spain’s army 

The incident highlighted 
once again the extraordinarily 
privileged way in which the 
cashiered Tejero is treated by 
his former colleagues. 





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Riot police firing tear gas at ahont 600 students holding an anti-government demonstration at the Korea University in Seoul 

yesterday. The stndests retaliated with stones and petrol bombs. 

Nazi state 
of Croatia 
at trial 

Zagreb (Reuter) — Andrija 
Artukovic. the alleged Nazi 
war criminal, yesterday de- 
nied charges of mass murder 
and defended the Nazi puppet' 
state of Croatia. 

Mr Artukovic. aged 86, who 
served as Interior Minister 
and was effective second-in- 
command in the Second 
World War Croatian state, 
acknowledged in court that 
Jews, gypsies, anti-fascist 
Croats, Serbs and Comm- 
unists had been sent to con- 
centration camps. 

He said there was a need for 
camps during the war, but he 
had not taken part in liquida- 
tion of prisoners. 

Mr Artukovic was extradit- 
ed from the United States in 
February to face three charges 
of mass murder and one of 
individual murder. He went 
on trial before the Zagreb 
district court on Monday and 
has denied all charges. 

The Croatian regime is held 
responsible for the murder of 
900,000 Serbs, Jews, gypsies 
and left-wingers. 

Mr Artukovic defended the 
regime. He said courts-martial 
were held to prevent attempts 
to undermine and destroy 

Aid for Contras plea saved 
by congressional ‘ambush 9 

From Christopher Thomas. Washington 

A parliamentary ambush by 
Republicans in Congress has 
saved for the time being 
President Reagan's request for 
renewed military aid for the 
Nicaraguan Contras. 

But even if he eventually 
gets the aid, there will be a 
delay of many weeks before 
money can start flowing 
which is a serious blow for a 
fighting force already in a 
parlous stale. 

Republicans in the House of 
Representatives voted on 
Wednesday night to kill their 
own aid request because Dem- 
ocrats had attached it to a big, 
unrelated spending Bill that 
President Reagan will almost 
certainly veto. That veto 
would have killed the Contras 
aid package automatically . 

The Republicans will now 
try to gamer a majority of 
voies in the Democrat-con- 
trolled House for a petition to 
bring the rebel aid issue back 
to the floor. The earliest 
opportunity to open a new 
debaie is May 12. 

As events were moving 
before Wednesday's develop- 
ments. the House was set to 
approve an immediate S30 
million (£20 million) in nou- 
iethal aid and to earmark 
another S70 million lor mili- 
tary purposes, with its release 
conditional on later affirma- 
tive votes both by the House 
and the Senate. But the Re- 
publicans wanted ail the mon- 
ey almost at once. 

Rather than settle for this, 
the White House and congres- 

sional Republicans worked 
out their high-risk strategy 
over recent days to try to 
restart the legislative process 
from scratch. 

In the coming weeks Presi- 
dent Reagan will maintain his 
campaign to get the aid. 
despite widespread public 

The Republican strategy is 

based in pan on the belie 
President Reagan's popular 
action in Libya will swing 
public opinion behind his 
policies towards Nicaraeua. 

Democrats in the House 
continually blow hot and cold 
on the Contras aid question. 
They turned down the aid 
several weeks ago but swung 
closer to the Republican view- 
point in the meantime. 

US claims SDI breakthroughs 

From Mohsin AIL Washington 

The United States has 
achieved two major break- 
throughs In President 
Reagan's controversial “Star 
Wars" programme - a super 
lightweight material for nse in 
space-based interceptors and a 
computer programme that 
could help destroy enemy no- 
dear missiles soon after they 
have been launched. 
Announcing the develop- 
ments, Mr Casper Weinber- 

ger, the Defence Secretary, 
said the computer programme 
“now makes it possible to 
locate accurately a target 
which previously might have 
been obscured by exhaust 

A Strategic Defence Initia- 
tive (SDI) official explained 
that a computer system bad 
been modified to allow sensors 
on SDI rocket interceptors to 
differentiate between a freshly 

fired nuclear missile and its 
long tail of engine fire and 

The official added that the 
Air Force last month success- 
folly tested a “light and very 
strong" composite material, 
which might eventually be 
used in dozens or small rockets 
to be fired from space plat- 
forms at inmining nuclear 




to leave 

Vienna (AP)-Two promi- 
nent dissidenisand th«rfero- 
j] y flew here from the Sower 
Union yesterday ending a 13- 
year battle for permission to 
leave the country-. 

Grigory and Isai Goldstein, 
brothers from Tbilisi, the 
capital of Georgia, had found- 
ed a group in 1977 to monitor 
Soviet compliance with its 
international human rights 
commitments. They first ap- 
plied for exit visas in 1971. _ 

They were granted permis- 
sion to leave after a visit last 
February 1 by Senator Edward 
Kennedy. They are botii phys- 
icists and computer scientists. 

Coal strike 

Sydney (Reuter) — The 
30.000 coal miners of Austra- 
lia will launch a six-day strike 
over productivity at 110 col- 
lieries today in defiance of an 
industry tribunal's order and a 
warning by mining chiefs that 
overseas customers are going 

Crawford ill 

Los Angeles (UPI) — The 
Academy Award-winning ac- 
tor Broderick Crawford, aged 
74, was in poor condition in 
the Eisenhower Medical Cen- 
tre after suffering a series of 

Out of the blue 

Peking (Reuter) — A rare 
shower of meteorites weighing 
up to 1201b smashed into three 
villages in Hubei province, the 
People's Daily said. 

Volcano plume 

Seattle (Reuter) — Mount St 
Helens volcano, which killed 
nearly 60 people in a violent 
eruption in 1980, has sent a 
plume of steam, gas and ash 
25.000 ft into the atmosphere, 
scientists reported. 

Wine arrests 

MDan (AP) — Four wine 
merchants have been arrested 
in connection with Italy's taint- 
ed wine scandal, and accused of 
marketing wine laced with 

Second term 

Harare — President Canaan 
Banan a of Zimbabwe has been 
sworn in for a second six-year 




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iNCOiu'aRAnNc raoemx assurance: 

Sun Alliance. CPP Drpi .. Frctp-ii. Horsham. W. Sussc* RH121ZA. 

These are the benefits of your 


25th APRIL 1986 


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therefore acquires no surrender or cash value. 

Z The benefits fifiown ahwe^ wiB BtaeaseaaW' 

PrarrirnTtF are used tmlvio provide tfu- maximum ;wfunW you stop the increase*) 
pnfflpresiWeehocildde™ occur durfngche period *Vxir prerowms 


increase by 5S of ihe initial 
premium each ye« 


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Freepost. Horsham, ft. Sussex RH12 IZA 

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wins right 
to refuse 

Los Angeles (Reuter) — A 
California appeals court has 
ordered local officials to stop 
force-feeding a quadriplegic 
who two years ago lost a court 
battle to be allowed to starve 
herself to death. 

It ruled that “Elizabeth 
Bouvia's decision to forgo 
medical treatment for life 
support through a mechanical 
means belongs to her.** 

Mr Steve Camevale. repre- 
senting hospital doctors in- 
volved. said the court ap- 
peared to have set the 
precedent that patients have 
an absolute right to refuse 

Lawyers for Miss Bolivia, 
aged 28. who weighs about 
751h, had told the court she 
was no longer trying to kill 
herself but had the right to 
refuse medical ireatmenL 
In her lawsuit- the college 
graduate said she had suffered 
great pain from 3 feeding tube 
inserted through a nostril to 
her stomach. 

Miss Bouvia. a victim of 
cerebral palsy who has been 
paralysed since birth, gained 
world attention in December 
1983 when she unsuccessfully 
sought court permission to 

starve herself _ 

California law prohibits aid- 
ing a suicide attempt and 
officials at Riverside General 
Hospital had refused to allow 
her not to take food. 

Chirac begins to edge 
Mitterrand out of 
foreign policy arena 

M Jacques Chirac, the 
French Prime Minister, was in 
Bonn yesterday for bilateral 
talks with West Germany’s 
Chancellor KohL Today he 
receives visits from the Prime 
Ministers of Turkey and Tuni- 
sia and the Foreign Ministers 
of Japan and Canada. 

Last week he paid an official 
visit to Ivory Coast, and next 
month goes to Tokyo for the 
world economic summit 

Before the elections, pun- 
dits were still talking of for- 
eign policy and defence as part 
of the traditional “special 
preserve” of the President and 
were predicting that whatever 
else, might happen under the 
new and untried situation of 
“cohabitation”, M Mitterrand 
would at least be left with 
those two key areas of deci- 

But there is little doubt that 
M Chirac is quickly taking 
over even that domain from 
the President The seriousness 
of his bid was underlined 
when, earlier this week, he 
appointed a senior career dip- 
lomat M Bujon de PEsiang. 
aged 46, the new Ambassador 
to Mexico, as his diplomatic 
adviser at the head ofa foreign 
policy and defence team of 
five working alongside him at 
the Hotel Matignon. 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

Such a set-up has never 
been seen before under the 
Fifth Republic. “Power sim- 
ply changed hands overnight” 
one French diplomat com- 
mented. “It was an extra- 
ordinary thing to see. 

“No one at the Quai 
d’Orsay (Foreign Ministry) 
any longer goes to the Elysee. 
All they are concerned about 
is: what does Matignon think? 
What are the Prime Minister’s 
advisers saying? Before. Mat- 
ignon did not even enter into 
the picture, unless the Presi- 
dent specifically chose to in- 
clude it” 

The kind of situation that 
arose last December, when M 
Mitterrand unilaterally decid- 
ed to receive the Polish leader. 
General Jaruzelski, without 
informing his Prime Minister, 
would be inconceivable today, 
the diplomat added 

France's handling of the 
Libyan crisis has been held up 
by both Matignon and the 
Elysee as a perfect example of 
how welt and" harmoniously 
cohabitation is working. Presi- 
dent Mitterrand and M Chirac 
were reported to be in com- 
plete agreement over the deci- 
sion to refuse US planes the 
right to fly over French territo- 
ry on their way to Libya. 

Bui it is questionable , 
whether that agreement was ; 
more fortuitous than a true ; 
indication of bow well the two ; 
men are sharing power. For 
the moment, however, both , 
have an interest in making it 
seem as if cohabitation is 
workings for that is what the 
public wants, as all the latest 
opinion polls clearly indicate. 

The popularity ratings of M 
Mitterrand and M Chirac 
have both shot up since the 
elections. In a front-page arti- 
cle in he Monde last Saturday, 
Professor Alfred Grosser, a 
leading French political scien- 
tist. expressed the view that 
“real power is more and more 
completely in the bands of the 
Prime Minister, including that 
regarding defence and foreign 
policy . . . One might wonder 
how far Francois Mitterrand 
can go in the renunciation (of 
power) before cohabitation 
ceases to be in some way 
advantageous to himself and 
his party.” 

M Mitterrand’s seven-year 
term does not run out until 
1988. but he could choose to 
resign before then. M Chirac 
bears afl the signs ofa man ina 
hurry. Like -many others, he 
may feel that the next presi- 
dential elections will come 
sooner rather than- later. - . 

From Michael Hamlyu, New DcBm 

There are the first frail signs 
ihai events in the terrorist- 
racked state of Punjab, where 
young arnied GHremtsts are 
conducting a campaign for the 
establishment of an indepen- 
dent Sikh-dominated country, 
may have taken a turn for the 

There has been a new 
activism and determination in 
the Punjab police force since 
die appointment of .Mr J.F. 
Ribeiro -as police chief with 
his excellent track record. ' - 

A number of officers who 
have failed to in««r appropri- 
ate standards, either through 
cowardice or through links 
with the militants, are report- 
ed to have been removed. 

Mr Ribeiro has also shaken 
up the police intelligence 

The new police chief also 
shocked liberals, and boosted 
the morale of his men, when it 
became known that he had 
prepared a “hit list" of most 
warned terrorist leaders. His 
supporters felt that at last the 
police were fighting bade. 

140 miles away in the Golden 
Temple of .Amritsar- . . - • 

At the same time divisions, 
became apparent m ibe.ranks 
of the extremists. The bo** 
heads of t he All-India Sikh 
Students' Federation haveap- 
~ patently had a strong disagree* 
meat whh the greybeard 
fanatics of tire United AkaR. 
Dal. led b* Baba iqginder 
Singh, fethm- of Sant JaroaB 
Singh Bbmdranwalev the dead 
terrorist leader, 

The General Council of 
Sikhs cafled By tire extremists - 
oa Baisakhi Dsy was xneer- 
ably attended by around 5,000 
compared to the moderates.'’ 
meeting which attracted be-; 
twees 30.000 and 100,000. 

Bui perhaps the best of aB is 
the announcement of a. hew 
judicial committee to ldok : 
info the territorial dispute . 
between Punjab and tire 
neighbouring Hindu state of 
Haryana. . r " 

The dispute fras centred ' 
mound Hindi-speaking areas: 
which are to be ceded by 
Punjab in return' for tire. 

However, among his detrac- exclusive .rise of the present 
tors are numbered members joint capital of the twostates. 

of the ruling AkaTi DaL the Chandigarh. „■ 
moderate Sikh political party. A one-man commission' 
One senior party member cbaigirf wrtft foo^ 
accused the police chief of disputefeikd in January to 
acting as a “super chief' find a solution becaiisethc 

minister . 

Although there are deep 
divisions within the Akah 
Dal, another small hopeful 
sign was the presence of all the 

faction heads on a platform to and EaziBca. 

Punjab accord specifically in- 
cluded contiguity as. a criteri- 
on ftw the cession. Tltis 
effectively ruled -out the rich 
rice-growing areas of Abohar 

celebrate the Sikh festival of 
Baisakhi last weekend- ‘ 

A measure of solidarity was 
thus shown against the ex- 

The acceptance oftheoew 
commission by Mr Bhajan 
LaL the Haryana Chief Mims- ' 
ter, implies that Ire has come 

tre mists, who were having to accept that these two dis- 
their own Baisakhi meetit^ tricts will not be ceded. 

Tamils spurn Colombo 
settlement offer 

Delhi (Renter) - Sri Lan- Delhi for a mm^figied foreign 
ka’s rnatn Tamil political ministers' conference, waj 
group yesterday rejected a new sdredaleti toifisc&ss tht ihi 
attempt by Cbtombo toend the with the Indian Prime Mhus- 
island's ethnic crisis by offer- • tor, Mr Rajiv G an dh i- . 
ing Tama , areas more tint- The front's secretwy-gener- 


The Tamil United Libera- 
tion Front said the Sri Lankan 
Government's conduct “and 
oar past experience do not 
justify -our a t tac h i n g any cre- 
dence to the alleged renewed 
(peace) efforts”. ‘ i . 

Sri Lanka’s Foreign Minis- 
ter. Mr Shako! Hntneed. in 

Delhi for a iwnr&iqpied foreign 
ministers' conference, was 
scheduled to discuss the plan 
wMi tire Indian Prime Mfaus- 
ter, Mr Rap* Gandhi. 

The front's secretary-gener- 
al, Mr AppapSbu Asurtha- 
lingam, duaed its a statement 
m Madras that Sri. Lankan 
security forces “continue to 
terrorize amt evict more Tam- 
ils from Tamil riUages". He 
spike after raids by Sri Lan- 
kan secarity forces 1 os rebel 
hideouts yesterday fat which 
Cofombosauf seven gotfrOfos 

were kfllefL 

Begum Zia 
Ershad go 

From Ahmed Fari 

The. Bangladesh opposition 
leader. Begum Khaleda Zta, 
called on President Ershad 
yesterday to step down, to lift 
the four-year-old martial law 
and return his soldiers to their 

In a statement in her name 
and those of 16 other opposi- 
tion leaders, she vowed to resist 
the May 7 election called by 
General Ershad 

“It is a sham election”, she 
told thousands of supporters, at 
a rally in the northern universi- 
ty town of Rtiishahi on. 
Wednesday, “and we are going, 
to see that it is not held.? 

Begum- Zia, who leads a 
seven-party alliance including 
her own Bangladesh National- 
ist Party, stepped up her cam- 
paign, urging voters not to turn 
up at polling stations. 

She said chat (herecoulclnot 
be fair elections undo: General 
Ershad because he was support- 
ing the pro-government Jatrya 
Party candidates, ■ 

pair wins 

Luxembourg (Reuter) — 
TheEuropean Court of Justice 
yesterday ruled that EEC 
[ member states should not 
discriminate against foreign 
unmarried coupes. 

The conn decided a British 
woman, Ms Ann Florence 
Reed, -could not be expelled, 
from The Netherlands on the 
ground that she was nnem- 
| ployed because she had a 
stable relationship with her 
employed boyfriend. • . 

It said the Treaty of Rome, 
on which the EEC was found- 
ed, did not allow unmarried 
partners to be treated as 
spouses, but required all Com- 
munity citizens to be treated 

Dutch law treats both het- 
erosexual and homosexual . 
Dutch couples living together 
as if they were married, ; 

Court sources said, howev- 
er. that national laws may sill 
treat unmarried couples dif- 
ferently from those who have . 
gone through a wedding 

years' celebration means 


TWA has been flying passengers across 
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M M. m A 



oux ii IN THE SHOPS. 

Thomas Lloyd only sell direct to you at home. Saving you 
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L jrolma Coiksavon ami Tradiuonal Cbwtvrtx-kls ® 1 44 jrn 333 > 

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You already Know how 
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costs. , .. 


Head of Personnel 



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T 4/8(1 







on in 

With tension over the American bombing at” 

its height, what is life like for the S 3 000 
Britons who work in Libya? Andrew Lycett 
catches the mood of a community well 
accustomed to hazards and frustrations 

There is nothing quite to compare 
with the spontaneous cheer that 
erupts from the almost exclusively 
male passengers when the thrice- 
weekly British Caledonian flight to 
London lifts into the air over 
Tripoli airport and the tartaned 
stewardesses announce they will 
shortly be bringing round the 
drinks trolley. 

That flight is for the moment 
cancelled, as are all British flights 
in and out of Tripoli. This inconve- 
nience provides yet another prob- 
lem for the British community in 
Libya. It has been particularly 
galling for Malcolm Pike, aged 42, 
the British businessman who until 
four weeks ago was kept hostage by 
foe Libyans for 18 months, held 
responsible for his Lebanese engi- 
neering company’s f 1 .5 million tax 

Pike's Irish girlfriend had been 
due out of Libya on the British 
Calendonian flight on Tuesday, the 
day of the American raid which, 
among other things, reportedly 
damaged the runway at Tripoli 
airport. “Every time 1 think I’m 
near to getting my life back to 
normal, something like this 
happens", he said in London this 

Pike's five years in Libya (where 
for the last *18 months he was 
denied tax clearance, and thus an 
exit visa, and thus a job) gives him 
an excellent perspective on the 
tribulations of living in what 
Colonel Gadaffi calls his 
Jamahariyah (literally, the state of 
the massdom). 

According to the Foreign Office, 
the 5.000 Britons in Libya are 
spread around the country, with 
2.000 in the Tripoli area, 2.000 in 
the east (including 1.000 in Ben- 


ghazi) and 1,000 in the south, 
mainly in the oil fields. Like B ritish 
Caledonian's flights (down from 
six a week to three) these figures 
have fallen by half since the 
beginning of the decade — before 
the murder of WPC Yvonne 
Fletcher in St James's Square, 
London, and the subsequent break- 
off of diplomatic relations with 
Libya, and before the plunge in the 
price of oil which has hit Libya's 
economy so badly. 

Most Britons in Libya are on 
contracts. Most, even if married, 
are “unaccompanied'’ while there. 
In the wake of the St James’s 
Square siege, six (later four) of the 
British community were detained 
as hostages, only to be freed at the 
start of last year following the 
shuttle diplomacy of Terry Waite, 
the Archbishop of Canterbury’s 
special envoy. Today there are still 

‘It’s die young Libyans 
who are unpredictable 
and dangerous’ 

three Britons held in Libya. The 
latest prisoner, James Abra, em- 
ployed by the Plessey group, was 
sentenced only last weekend to life 
imprisonment for alleged espio- 

According to Malcolm Pike, 
most Britons in Libya keep them- 
selves to themselves. They do not 
particularly like it there. Neverthe- 
less, he says, “it’s actually a very 
social place for the British commu- 
nity. They rend to go around in 
cliques. There's the tennis lot, the 
swimming lot, the bridge lot". No 
British club as such is allowed, but 
the Caledonian Society has a strong 
following and there is an amateur 

Mrs Julia Mites, wife of the British Ambassador, arriving home with her family in 3984 after dMemfic 
relations ended. Top right: Malcolm Pike, freed businessman. Bottom right: Terry Waite, episcopal envoy 

dramatics group, the Tripoli Play- 
ers. which although not officially 
sanctioned still manages to stage a 
play each year. 

There are also the church-goers. 
About 30 people meet regularly at 
Canterbury House, a two- villa 
complex given to the Anglican 
congregation by Colonel Gadaffi 
when its original garrison church 
was taken over. The last British 
clergyman resident in Tripoli was 
attached to the embassy and left 
when diplomatic relations were cut 
in April 1984. Terry Waite has 
been working to obtain a visa fora 
new vicar, the Rev Marcus Losack. 
Ironically this visa came through 
on Monday just before the US raid 
on Tripoli. From Dublin, where he 
is attached to the Archdeacon’s 
office, Mr Losack says he is still 
looking forward to going to Tripoli, 
where services are regularly con- 
ducted at 6.30 every Sunday eve- 
ning by a lay preacher; 

“The Roman Catholics are very 
good. Father Victor celebrates 
communion for Anglicans on cer- 
tain feast days and there is a shared 
ecumenical service on the beach 

once a year. Indeed there is no 
harassment of Anglicans. When 
some Libyans tried to repossess our 
two villas, the Colonel stepped in 
and told them to desist" 

Like most Britons who have 
worked in Libya, Mr Pike has 
mixed feelings about the local 
people. He says: “Those over 25 to 
30 are OK. It's the young Libyans 
who have only known life under 
Gadaffi who are unpredictable and 
dangerous." He adds: “The place is 
full of little aggravations. You go to 
an office and it's closed because the 
workers are holding a revolution- 
ary meeting. The restaurants arc 
appalling. The supermarkets are all 
empty and when you find one that 
does sell food the shopkeepers tend 
to serve only the Libyans." 

He says his every movement was 
followed by Libyan security. Tins 
caused friction with some other 
members of tbe British communi- 
ty. Mr Pike recalls one long-time 
British resident in Tripoli refusing 
to give him a lift because of fears 
that he would be tailed. 

The biggest and most unpredict- 
able threat are the revolutionary 


committees, the shock troops of 
GadafiTs revolution who permeate 
Libyan society. They can lake over 
rour home and arrest you at will 
or trivial offences. Mr Pike recalls 
that, after trailing from tax office, 
immigration office to foreign liai- 
son bureau for over a year and 
finally obtaining his visa, during 
his last week in Libya begot into an 
argument with a particularly ob- 
streperous official at die Oasis Oil 
Company. “To get into any build- 
ing you have to sign in aiithe time. 
1 lost my cooL 1 told him what I 
thought of his country. I didn't 
realize at the time he was a member 
of the revolutionary committee. He 
became very nasty. He threatened 
me with all sorts of thin^; he could 
easily have arrested me. That night 

— I don't know if it was connected 

— my flat was broken into and 

At times of tension this land of 
incident can produce what the 
Foreign Office calls an “excessive" 
work, load for the British vice- 
consul, Hugh Dunnachie, who in 
the absence of diplomatic relations 
with Libya is working from the 

Italian embassy. Therefore < die 
Foreign Office is currently advising 
Britons in Libya: “Slay puL tecpm. 
touch with us. Anyone thinking of 
going there, don't" 

His view is echoed by Terry 
Waite: “I would advise people to 
keep calm. Libyans are boandtb be 
upset, particularly as there have 
been casualties and that’s a very 
emotive issue. But as Jong as they 
exercise reasonable caution J don't 
think there's need for a new alarm. ' 
There are bound to be strains, and 
the danger will He in some of the 
young Libyan people who m ay fee l 
they have to take some extreme 
action against Britain. However 
my own view is generally that 
relations between the British and 
Libyan people are excellent and 
friendly " 

Strangely, the St Janus's Square 
siege has made little difference to 
Britain's trading pattern -with Lib- 
ya. In 1984 Britain exported goods 
worth £247 million to Libya. In 

One doesn’t press for 
much detail 
on the telephone’ 

1985 the figure was down to £238 
million. In foe first two months . of 
this year, exports have increased by 
30 per cent from £40 mflUoo in 
1985 to £52 million. Principal 
exports are madunerv (Including 
spares, particularly for tbe ml 
business), construction materials, 
pharmaceuticals and (in the invisi- 
ble category) consultancy services. 

Sinclair Road, director Of tbe 
semi-governmental Committ ee on 
Middle East Trade (COMET), 
notes that the increase arises from 
foe American economic boycott of 
Libya, which prevented American 
oil companies based there from 
ordering spares from the US. Now, 
says Mr Road, “if certain sources 
of equipment are dosed to them, 
they go to foe nearest equivalent". 

The largest project is Libya is the 
$2 billion Great Manmade Riven 
designed to bring water from the 
desert south to parched towns 
along the Mediterranean coast The 
project is. managed by Brown & 
Root, an American company, 
whose London subsidiary employs 
46 Britons in Libya. 

Like most spokesmen of compa- 
nies with personnel in Libya, 
Ronald Henderson, a Brown & 
Root director, is circumspect He 
says life for his company’s employ- 
ees is calm. '• 

Alan MaskdL managing director 
of foe liquid engineering division 
of consultants Howard Hum- 
phreys. oversees about 20 of his 
company's workforce in Libya. He 
was in touch with them earlier this 
week and says: “They have not 
experienced any limitations of 
their movements or adverse 
reactions".. But. he adds: “One 
doesn’t press for much detail cm the 


The weekend starts here 

Pearl harbour 

For a hundred years, the men of Broome on the 
north-west coast of Australia have fished for 
pearls In the Indian Ocean. Linda Christmas, In 
an extract from her new book, describes a town 
where the oyster is their world 

Playing drag-time 

Penis Quilley in La Cage 

£8,000 to be won 

St John-Stevas brings Bagehot to book 

Can -you always get your copy of The Times? 

Dear Newsagent, please debver/save me a copy ofThe Time* 



There have been times when 
Norman St John-Stevas, 
editing the final four volumes 
of collected works by Walter 
Bagehot (published this week), 
has found himself thinking 
and writing like foe great 
Victorian journalist and politi- 
cal commentator. 

This may have had less to 
do with a sense of reincarna- 
tion than with foe osmosis of 
research, but there is a certain 
consistency in St John- 
Stevass assumption of the 
character of foe late polymath 
and editor of The Economist. 

The two are not so dissimi- 
lar. If certain of our present 
MPs appear to be throwbacks 
to a former age (Tony Benn as 
one of nature’s Chartists, 
Dennis Skinner as a latter- 
day Ranter, and so on), then 
St John-Stevas is no less a 
neo-Victorian, finding bis 
own Golden Age in foe 
parliament of that epoch, and 
in the pluralist impulses 
which it both supported and 

According to St John- 
Stevas, who seems well cast 
as foe midwife of his late 
20th-century rebirth. Bagehot 
is a sadly neglected genius. 
He was born in Somerset in 
1 826. foe son of a banker and 
of a dearly dotty mother. 

In the three classics that he 
wrote — The English Consti- 
tution (1867), Physics and 
Politics ( 1 872), and Lombard 
Street (1873) — can be seen 
foe diversity of his analytical 
talent Or nearly: for there 
were also essays of literary 
critidsm, including those on 
Shakespeare, Shelley and. 

most memorably, that on 

Bagehot, writes his editor 
in the current issue of The 
Economist, marvelled at the 
contrast between what be 
called the “living reality" of 
the English Constitution and 
its “paper description ... so 
many constitutional writers 
had no experience of how it 
actually worked; they were 
like bankers *who had never 
looked at life except out of 
bank windows’.” 

“If you read The Econo- 
mist prose style today, you 
can see that he invented all 
that colloquial approach. 
That is why J say that be 
should be made foe patron 
saim of journalists. He start- 
ed the profile as a genre, with 
his piece on Gladstone. 

S t John-Stevas believes 
the 19th century repre- 
sented a high point in 
our cultural history: “You 
still bad a unified reading 
public, a unified political 
audience, and a seriousness 
about politics and literature 
which you do not have now. 
Today our culture is charac- 
terized by a triviality and 
frivolity whicb was not 
present in foe last century. 

“The great achievement of 
that century was the way in 
which culture was passed 
down to foe new industrial 
and middle classes who were 
coming to power. Have we 
done the same with foe new 
classes coming up now? Not a 

So much has Bagehot be- 
come St John-Ste vas's princi- 
pal. if posthumous, witness in 

The umpire of the 
British constitution 
has much to teach us 
still, according to his 
latest editor 

WilUam Bagehot (top) and 
Nann«n St Jobo-Scms 
his prosecution argument 
against the loss of excellence 
and intellectual diversity in 
the House, that it is hard to 
determine whether be regards 
Bagehot as a symptom or 
cause of the old high stan- 
dards. A bit of each, perhaps. 

He remains adamant, how- 
ever, that Bagehot, in foe 
areas of literature, economics 
and the constitution, can still 

claim a remarkable pre- 
science. Today, St John- 
Stevas says, he would have 
been deeply dismayed by* 
“what he would call the 
coarse tone of political 

Once again, as St John- 
Stevas speculates on what 
Bagehot would have made of 
today's Parliament a sort of 
fusion fells upon tbe two of 
them, as though the later man 
has subsumed the attitudes of 
the earlier “Things have 
changed, but the psychologi- 
cal realities underlying politi- 
cal institutions haven't 
Political institutions have 
evolved in the way relations 
between the Cabinet and 
Parliament have altered. 
Bagehot was writing at a time 
when Parliament was very 
powerful indeed. But he 
wasn't writing a constitution- 
al treatise. Rather, he was 
discussing what motivates 
men and women in positions 
of power. This is what en- 
ables him to survive, because 
the national character has 
changed less than anything 

“But Bagehot would not 
approve of foe lowering of the 
moral and intellectual tone 
within Parliament. The mode 
of discourse is, I think, 
becoming steadily worse. 
And if you have this coarse 
mode of discourse and the 
attribution of low motives, 
then people of certain dispo- 
sitions and ideals will steer 
away from politics. 

“What he's saying all the 
time, in Physics and Politics 
for example, is that it is a very 
great achievement to have an 

ordered government of any 
kind, and that to have a free 
and liberal government is 
quite extraordinary, . and 
something that we should not 
take for granted. Bagehot had 
a strong fear of what Arthur 
Hugh Cough called the ruin- 
ous force of the 4/UL and he 
valued Parliament because it 
could put a brake on a ioo- 
precipitate coarse of action." 

D espite his own diver- 
gent ideology from 
that of the woman to 
whom he now simply refers 
as “The Blessed", St John- 
Stevas reckons that Bagehot 
might well have approved of 
Mrs Thatcher above other 
post-war prime ministers. “I 
wonder whether be would 
have favoured Macmillan. 
He didn’t like Disraeli's 
“false melodramatic taste" 
“On the other hand, there 
was another ride, as there was 
in the case of Disraeli, and 
the other ride was stronger in 
Macmillan. So be would have 
found him something of a 
kindred spirit. But the person 
he really liked was Gladstone, 
so 1 flunk he might have got 
on rather well with Mrs T. He 
would have admired her 
resolution, certainly, but also 
her economics . . . he’s got a 
very good phrase, in which he 
says that great nations foil 
only when they misunder- 
stand tbe institutions they 
themselves have created. 

Alan Franks 

The 15 volumes of Bagehot 's 
collected works are published 
b y Economist Publications, 
40 Duke Street, London f VI, 

of fear 

Last September ' Sharon 
Sojto, an inde pend ent tefcvi- h 
sson producer, went to Sooth 
Africa eonmdsrioMd by *a 

to write an axtide on Bishop 
Tata (no* Archbisbop-desig- 
aate of Cape Town). She 
ended up making one of - the 
most heart-recdmg docemen- 
taries to hare came oat «f the 
country, WHuasta A par the id. 

SepOT, who had won sever- 
al awards in her 12 yeas rich 
the American NBC network, 
friended to retorts eveutiafiy 
to make a fi&a on apartheid. 
“Bm within two days of getting 
there, ! met Bisbsp Tata and 
tbe Reverend Beyers Naade, 
head of the Sooth African 
Coma! of Churches, and they 
both enewaged me to film 
immediately. -There are 209 
journalists here, yet there is a 
stmy that's newer been told*. 
Bishop Tutu saSd to me." 

That story is largely about 
tbe black children of the 
townships. “What yott see on 
American t elevi sion about 
Sooth Africa is riots in tbe 
streets, demonstrations and 
police action. People watching 
-it treat ft as a tttcEal ritnation. 
They don't think of It as a 
place where children get tor- 
tured, where children go tniss- 
fog and thrfr parents are nerer 
toM where they are, where 31- 

Inride view: Sharon Sopher 

year-olds are kept in prison, 
where an entire school popula- 
tion of 800 cfrSdrea is picked 
np by the police. 

“When we interviewed the 
parents of a 15-year-old 
schoolboy who bad been shot 
and ldfled, Ithought of how 
many times on television I bad 
seen footage of funerals yet I 
had never sees a single family 
mounting, grieving; talking 
about their lass. 

' “I wasn't sure whether rd 
he able to get people to talk. 

But when word got around, 
people woe appearing from 
everywhere wanting to speak, 
even though they knew they 
were taking a risk. They 
weren't talking about politics 
but about human rights." k 

She was in South Africa 
when toe government an- 
nounced its intention of abol- 
ishing the pass laws. “I knew 
that Hus would be seen as a 
major reform in the United 
States. But in the townships I 
didn't see a single Mato 
rejoicing. One told me They 
can do away with the pass 
books but if there are soldiers 
occupying my township, if I 
stfll have to live in a township, 
if I can be picked np in the 
middle of toe night by security 
police, if lean be tortured, if I 
can be killed, what’s 

Most of tbe filmi ng nag 
completed in less than a 
mouth — tiie period of her visa 4 , 
— towards the end of which 
she and her crew were ar rested 
and questioned for some 
hoars. Some footage, however, 
was shot later, clandestinely, 
after she left. She is reluctant 
to describe the help she re- 
ceived during the filming, or 
how she got her fihn oot oT the 
country. Some people, she 
hints, are already in trouble 
because of their participation. 

But she emphasizes that, con- 
trary to a report in The Times 
(Diary), she received no assis- 
tance from toe fomiwd African 
National Congress. 

Marcel Berlins 

Witness to Apartheid will be l 
shown on Channel 4 tomorrow 
at 730pm. 



1 College associaie (6) 
5 Squalid (6) 

8 Groove (3) 

9 Conakry country (6> 

10 Soporific 1 6 j 

11 N3fk(4» 

12 Compulsion (8) 

14 Astute (6) 

17 Overmaurr (6) 

19 Scout gathering (gj 
22 Curse (4> 

24 Coo! (6; 

25 Unfinished (6) 

26 Em 13) 

27 Meet in battle (6) 

28 Endow (6) * 


2 Fit out (5) 

3 Dome oval (7| 

4 Enclosed ( 7! 

5 FebMettl 

6 Surprise attacks <5 1 

7 Jaundice 16) 

13 Full boundary (3) 
15 Barbarian f7) 

26 Which person 13) 
17 Fulfil oniert7t 

18 Clam soup (7) 

20 Modellers' wood (5) 

21 Nursery poem (5) 
23 Pick-me-up (5) 


ACROSS: 8 Haff-heanwUy 9 Rod 10 Eye opener 1 1 Breed 13 

Refused MSeridom 19 

Mores 22 Regretful 24 Gap 25 Consideration 

2S,U ^C_ 3 Shredded 4 Career 5 Step 6 Ado- 
7 ,a > K ^ n ^, 12 ^ Mreimtar IS Eve 16 Stria 17 Re- 
BMit 18 Muffed 20 Regain 21 Supine 23E*il 


HIGH V street; hording down | 

£IIE explores me y 

chain store chic. 

- . i 

aiEexpior^— - * 

s»» sSK i:r' % 

iunate. ,..,„,rntheiopofiheshops. ^ 



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achieve, and then to die 


He is articulate, 
bright — and dying of 
a tumour/ He hopes to 
live long enough 
to see the play he has 

written televised. 
Alison Miller visited 
Clive at his home . 

C Uve Jermain remembers 
waking up the morning after 
bis nan had died feeling 
drained of everything.' 
“Outside was brilliant sunshine and 
I could hear the men delivering 
crates of beer to my mum's pub, 
whistling and humming a song. 

“When someone dies you expect 
the world to be silent for three 
minutes, or for there to be something 
on the news. William Shakespeare 
died and he's remembered to this 
day — but no one remembers my nan 
or knows just how marvellous she . 

- Give is an articulate 20-year-old 
who has just had his first television 
■ play The Best Years Of Your Life 
produced by the BBC It is about a 
_ 1 7-year-old footballer dying of can- 
cer and it is told with the warmth — 
and humour.— of experience. Give 
was 17 when be.was told that he had 
a year to live. He had an operation to. 
uy to remove a tumour from the top 
of his spinal column, but the surgery . 
was not successful. ~ 

“At the time, 1 didn't think that T . 
had any choice- but if I had 
considered my quality of lift before 
and after the operation I. wouldn't 
have had it." : 

. . Give had complained of pain 
from the age of seven. But its 
juxtaposition to the break-up of his 
parents' marriage caused him to be 
referred to psychiatrists rather than 
cancer specialists. Later, doctors 
decided that his pain was caused by a 
curvature of the spine, which could 
be operated on at 13. 

He went to preparatory school in 
Reigate — “my lather wanted me to • 
be middle class.” Buvtb.e prep, school - 
experience, he admits, "set me up for 
.life.” At 13 he had the corrective 
operation to straighten his bade 
before going on to school ai Christ’s 
College. Blackhealh. for a year The 
tumour at the top of his spine was 
still undiscovered and. causing him 
continual discomfort. .. . 

He left at:15 and went back round 
-the corner to ihe prefab where he 
lived with his maternal, grandmoth-. 
er,'Olive Pbllett — his nan-. By the 
time he was told he had a year to live 
matters were already too. for ad- 
vanced for surgery to be a success. •. 
“The operation didn’t take away 

Clive Jermain; driven by a sense of needing to leave something behind 

‘I think now that if they cured the tumour it would 
be the worst thing that could happen to me’ 

the tumour, it didn't cure the pain. - 
Until then! had been 'normal*. 1 was 
walking around, looking after my- 
self, and the only problem I had was 
the pain. The operation made every- 
thing a hundred times worse. I think 
now that if they cured the tumoiir it 
would be the worst thing that could 
happen to me. 

“I. am driven by a sense of 
ambition^ wanting to leave some- 
thing behind. I only pray and hope 
that people don’t think the play is the 
story of my life.” . -■ 

Although there are parallels in the 
play with Clive's experience, the 
family set-up —dead mother, drunk- 
en father and loving brother, are 

• Jennain’s mother is alive. He 
hasn't, seen bis father for nine 
months — . “he was wonderful while 
there was 1 stiff hope” — and his 
younger brother, Lee, i 8, would love 
to have . been . the: brother . Give 
created for television. But they were 
split by the marriage breakdown.. - 

It -is the relationship with his 
grandmother which supported Give 
through his years of unexplained 

pain and through bis early writing 
attempts. He submitted his first 
television script when he was 1Z But 
during the year that he was writing 
The Best Years Of Your Life, nan, 
too. succumbed to a tumour. 

“I had to watch her go through all 
the treatments that she bad been 
through with me and see her through 
to her subsequent death. To most 
people death is just another happen- 
ing, just another person gone. 

“'T’t'is silly, really, but that 
I morning after my Nan died I 
9 woke up thinking ‘How can 

■A. those men be singing?' I 
switched on the telly, but the 
programmes were the same, there 
was nothing on the news about it, 
and I suddenly thought, 'If I die, 
they’ll be nothing on the telly, I have 
never achieved anything, never done 
anything, people will never remem- 
ber me — so 1 went about trying to ' 
rectify that 

“I didn’t start writing to make a 
point or to work out what I felt about 
death. It was just interesting to set 

out to write about someone who is 
dying of a tumour. I wondered how 
that parson would feel about death if 
their life had revolved round physi- 
cal success, like a football star.” 

Since then Give has established 
an independent life for himself. He 
lives in an immaculately-kept coun- 
cil flat in Peckham, London, with 
two full-time community service 
volunteers. Pierre and Philip, who 
sleep in alternate nights. “I had to 
decide whether to do a very bad 
impression of a housewife or wheth- 
er I handed that responsibility over 
to someone who could do ii much 
belter than I could — and use my 
energy for writing. It may sound very 
selfish, but that is what I want to do 
with the rest of my life.” 

It is an arrangement that works 
well and has allowed Give to write, 
be independent and develop a new 
relationship with his mother. She 
visits every other day, they go out 
together, and he goes home to stay 
with her. Give balances his constant 
need for pain relief with the help of a 
small black box, readily to hand in 
his wheelchair, with which he can 

give himself an electric shock to deal 
with any pain not handled by the 
moderate doses of heavy drugs, and 
to siav clear headed. 

“If my tumour was removed. ! 
might be allowed 30 or 40 more years 
in a wheelchair but it would be the 
worse thing that could happen to me. 
People say you can live with any 
amount of disability, but you can't 
live wnh constant pain. 

“I think that you can live with it. 
and cope with it so much better if 
you know that it is not going to be 
permanent. !t sounds morbid, but 
death depends on what you believe it 
means. I’ve thought about it endless- 
ly. And the real fear is of being out of 
control and totally vulnerable." 

S hortly before Christmas last 
year, when The Bent Years Of 
Ycur Ufe was in production. 
Clive came close to dying. 
"Although I've always thought and 
said that my tumour offers me a way 
out which would be a welcome 
release. 1 found I felt very frightened. 
Quite suddenly i started to get 
terrible spasms. I got a great deal of 
pain, f went into hospital They said 
that there had been a progression of 
the tumour into the brain stem. They 
would hope to get me through to 

"When somebody tells you that 
you haven't got long, but you still 
feel well in yourself, you can’t 
comprehend iu You think 'I still feel 
OIC. so they can't be right.’ But I felt 
terrible. I really thought that it was 
the end. Next day I said to myself. 
'God, I want to eet up now. out of 
this bed. and I can't. I can't move.' It 
was very much like being in a dream 
really, looking inside the situation. 

“The play had just been accepted 
and to try and make it through to 
transmission I decided to take the 
soft option and have more treat- 
ment. to prolong life and to stop the 
progression into the brain. But even 
now I can hardly say the word cancer 
- it is like a tabboo. 

“Everything became so much 
more of an effort that it just seemed 
not worth going on. my energy and 
strength were being drained away 
and that death was actually coming. I 
had turned away from more treat- 
ment in the past But while the 
tumour is growing there is a chance 
— a light at the end of the tunnel — a 
way out.” 

The play is still waiting for a 
transmission date. On Monday it 
was shown at the British Academy 
of Film and Television Arts. On 
Tuesday Give went into the Royal 
Marsden for a third course of 
chemotherapy’ to keep him going 
because he wants to see the play 

“I went in last week because. I 
wanted to find out what would 
happen if I slopped the treatmenU 
asked about the relevance of feeling 
hellish, sick and tired, and open to 
infection during the course, if the | 
treatment is not going to make any 
difference to the advance of the 
tumour. I didn't gel any answers.” 

Leave the phoney 
off the hook 

^ These days your tele- 
pfaone can summon 
you out of the bath, in 
■B from the garden, or op 
wBF from your dinner 
in a variety ai voices. It can 
ding-dong in ibe boring old 
way. if can chirp-chirp like a 
songbird (if you captured a 
Trim phone while British 
Telecom mere still making 

It can pulsate with the 
deeper vibrations of the all- 
electric belHess non-dialler. 
But the nay it demands your 
attention is not important It 
is odds on that at the other 
end will be a woman selling 
something - double-glazing, 
a tune-sharing maisonette for 
two in the Outer Hebrides, or 
a fitted kitchen. 

The disembodied voices, 
husky or cheerful, are adapt- 
ed to suit the perceived sex of 
the answerer. Men who 
snatch up the telephone with 
a swift snarl get the husky 
comeeiG women get the trzist- 
me, pally, cheerful voice 
which is several higher. 

Be wanted. There is no 
satisfaction whatsoever to be 
bad as a result of these calls. 
Handle them how yon will, 
they refnse to sound even the 

slightest bit affected as they 
say cheerio with the news that 
yon've just been triple glazed, 
have a mother-in-law in Stor- 
noway ami have just spent the 
price of your first-ever house 
on a fitted kitchen. 

Not that I want them to be 
choking back the tears at my 
lies, but I do hate the intru- 
sion of the sales method. Foot 
in the door be damned; with a 
telephone yon can be in 
anyone's kitchen in seconds. 

How yon deal with such 
requests for large amounts of 
money (easy terms always 
available) probably depends 
on how you deal with people 
generally, the Kleenezee man 
included. I'm always terrified 
of being disliked, can see 



Vivien Tomlinson 

myself having to do such a 
rotten job (there but for the 
grace of God) and ! am 
incurably fascinated by peo- 
ple of all sorts. 

Depending on time avail- 
able. let me run through a few 
methods which work better 
than the “certainly not" ap- 
proach. There’s still no real 
satisfaction to be had but it 
puts you on a belter eye-to- 
eye level with the caller. It 
also gets some variations in 
their voice responses. 

• Assume that every caller is 
a potential seller. That way 
you can at least start on the 
right tack. (You can always 
relax when a genuine friend 
gives the right password.) 

• Pretend you know them 
personally. "I'm Pauline from 
See-it-A!l Double Glazing” 
should be greeted with: “Not 
Pauline from St Thomas's 
mixed infants? Oh, I'd know 
your voice anywhere.” 

• Persist along this line for 
the next attack. It is essential 
that yon get asking her the 
questions. Things such as her 
surname, husband's name 
and how many children they 
have now are usually suffi- 
cient to have them winding up 
the conversational cul-de-sac, 
rapidly. With any luck you'll 
be put on the ‘Nutters: Avoid.* 

• If you cannot keep the 
verbal' initiative, find the first 
pause in the sell and ask: 
“Excuse me but what did you 
say you were selling?” A 
stalling device such as this 
can then be consolidated by 
the next guideline . . . 

• Ask them if they bought the 
product Either possible an- 
swer will leave you with an 
excellent way to get on their 
“Clever-Dick: Avoid.” list; if 
they say no they can only 
mumble their way back to the 
sales pitch; if they say yes you 
can murmonr something sym- 
pathetic about the strictures of 
“easy payments” - they’re 
having to do this rotten job to 
pay for it ail, remember? 

• If none of these methods 
are tailor-made for your so- 
ber, shy, sweet-mttured self 
and you can't summon the 
courage or the voice to tefl 
them Mummy won’t 
be back until midnight 
you have only one 
sensible recourse — go 

to tell 

-■ *5 

i .• - 

! Mixed double trouble 

Dynasty hero 
Blake Carr- 
ington V aston- 
ishing lack of 
sensitivity in 
foiling to rec- 
ognize imme- 
diately that his wife Krystie 
had been replaced by an 
impostor would have interest- 
ed Dr Capras and Dr Reboul 
Lachaux, two French physi-, 
cians who in 1923 described 
tiie opposite state of affaire, 
now known as the Capras 
syndrome, in which a patient 
is convinced that a lookalike 
has been substituted for some- 
body close to them. 

The delusion that her hus- 
band (it affects women more 
than men), son, priest or 
doctor has been spirited away 
and a double substituted so 
dominates the patient’s 
thoughts and actions that the 
other symptoms of the under- 
lying disease, usually schizo- 
phrenia, but sometimes severe 
depression or organic brain 
disease, may be obscured. 

Medical interest has recent- 
ly been awakened by Pulse's 
publication of a senes of case 
histories — but although rare 
the condition has a long 
history. _ . 

Dostoevsky wntes of it in 
The Possessed-, and Lord Da- 
vid Cecil in his biography of 
Cowper, The Stricken Deer ; 
recounts how the poet, who 
can retrospectively be diag- 
nosed as suffering from a 
schizo-affective psychosis, 
was convinced during one 
acute breakdown that his 
friend Parson Newton _ had 
been replaced by a substitute. 
Allhough Cowper recovered 
Lord David Cecil writes that 
Cowper “could never be sure 
if the Newton he saw was tue 
real Newton or some phantom 
masquerading in his shape . 

Courting danger 

gss As those Who 
watched 1**1 
Sunday's - 
BBC2 pro- 
gramme on the 
Spanish maa- 
vaBMa i archy w3l have 

noted. King Joan Jp®* 
48, does not spare hirnsen as 
he leaps around the squash 
playing Manuel 

former teams 


the effect the game fs'tikcfj> to 
have da the 165,000 men over 
45 who .regularly play in 
BritafiLThey have studied 60 
squash deaths. . 

. Dr Robin Narthcote, one of 
the Glasgow team, believes 
that 80 per cent of such deaths 
would be prevented if players 
asked themselves six simple 
questions and consulted then- 
doctors if they answered “yes” 
to any of them. 

1. Are yon over 60? 

2. Have you, or any dose 
relative, had diabetes? 

3. Do you smoke? 

4. Have you ever been fold that 
you are hypertensive? . 

5. Have you ever had chest 

pain, tightness, discomfort, 
breathlessness or 


6. Do you have a family 
history of heart attacks? 

An affirmative answer 
would mean a long interview 
and careful examination by the 
doctor, including blood pres- 
sure reading and blood tests, 
and possibly an exercise ECG. 

Dr Northcote decries the 
“macho” response to middle 
age which lews men towards 
violent and dangerous 
sports-He says that over for- 
ties should concentrate on 
regular moderate exercise 

or swimming. 

The Glasgow resouth has 
yielded one surprising and 
disturbing result Their fig- 
ures show that contrary f© 
accepted wisdom regular vio- 
lent exercise is no less risky 
than occasional activity, for 
the regular elderly squash 
player is not protected from 

This, as Dr Northcode says, 
was well illustrated by foe 
death of foe exercise guru, Mr 
Jim F«x, who having started 
running in his thirties, made a 

fortune in his forties by writing 
a book to persuade others to 
join him in his obsession — 
before collapsing and dying 
while out r unn i ng . 

He had repeatedly refused 
to take his chest pain serious- 
ly, and had refused an ECG 
which would have given warn- 
ing of the triple coronary 
artery disease which was 
found post mortem. Mr Fixx’s 
case underlines another piece 
of Glasgow research which 
showed mat most players who 
died had symptoms before the 
final made ut 

A mystery blight 

Even before 
the Prince of 
Wales, Prin- 
cess Anne and 
Prince Michael 
of Kent moved 
to Gloucester- 
shire, property prices there 
were higher than in otherwise 
comparable rural areas. Now 
they are astronomical, but 
even their combined royal 
appeal has foiled to counteract 
a parental fear of meningitis 
which is, according to The 
Field, blighting house prices in 

The district has been trou- 
bled by sporadic cases since 
1 982. Of the 65 cases reported 
in Gloucestershire 45 have 
been in or near Stroud; there 
have been two deaths. This 
particular bacterial meningitis 
is caused by a sulphonantide 
resistant Group B 
meringococcus. ihe same 
strain which has caused con- 
siderable trouble in Norway, 
and smaller outbreaks in 
Plymouth, London, 
Merseyside and Birmingham. 

The disease characteristical- 
ly strikes young aduhs living 
in poorly ventilated over- 
crowded barracks and board- 


Unspiking those drinks 




champinn, who is 

regular opponents* IS it w ee 

foramiddle-aged MntPjlay 

squash with so mm* verve-. 

Cardiologists at the Victorra 
Infirmary. Glasgow, haw 
made a special stodyofexa- 

rise-related disease, mchidmg 

Many people have asked where 
the v could buy decaffeinated 
ted (Medical Briefing, April 4). 
St James' Teas Limited. Sir 
John Lyon House Upper 
Thames Street, London EC4V 
3AA, run a mail order service: 
they say their decaffeinated tea 
has retained Us flavour despite 
the extraction of 85 percent of 
the caffeine.. . 

Several readers have also 
pointed, out . (apropos the con- 
tamination qj Italian wine) 
that the standard methylated 

spirits, and industrial alcohol 
available in Britain, contained 
very much more et hanol than 
methanol alcohol which was a 
minor constituent, so that 
moths and methanol were not 
synonymous. The dictionary 
defines methylated spirits as 
any spirit to which methanol 
has been added. The Italians 
were: of course, adding the very 
dangerous methanol, wood al- 
cohol rather than industrial 
methylated spirits to their 

ing schools. The Stroud 
outbreak is unusual in that it 
has mainly affected teenagers 
living at home; in conse- 
quence suspicion has fallen on 
cafes, wine bars and discos as 
the source of infection. The 
present strain seems more 
virulent than usual, but less 

Treatment has been 
straightforward; although the 
strain is sulphonamide 
resi stent contacts can be pro- 
phylactically treated with ri- 
fempicin, and actual cases 
with high doses of penicillin. 

Results have been good and 
the medical services take 
some pride in the low death 
rate; less than a third of that 
expected, and much lower 
than the rate in Norway; 
community physicians suggest 
that this shows an awareness 
among the local practitioners 
of the need for early diagnosis 
and immediate hospital inves- 
tigation of any patient with 
suspicious symptoms. 

Invisible risks 

Haematuria - 
passing blood 
iu the urine — 
rings alarm 
bells even in 
the minds of 
the move fool- 
hardy people. It needs imme- 
diate investigation if 

underlying disease is to be 
treated before irreversible 

damage has been done to foe 
urinary tract, malignant 
change has occurred in a 
previously benign lesion, or an 
existing cancer has spread. 

In most cases of frank 
haematuria serious pathology 
is present. Simple tests are 
available which can detect 
traces of blood in the urine 
when it is not visible. 

In a recent survey of 10,000 
apparently healthy men at- 
tending foe Bnpa medical 
centre, 15 per cent had 
invisible or occult baemaniria. 
In nearly 40 per cent of cases 
followed by Dr Carolyn 
Ritchie, Miss Elizabeth Seven 
and Mr St John Collier, a 
Cambridge urologist, the 
patient's doctor did not Insti- 
tute further action, but where 
the genera) practitioner was 
aware iff foe risks and ordered 
full investigations half the 
patients had abnormalities. 

Earlier research work has 
shown that in half (he cases of 
occult haematuria where a 
significant abnormality is 
found, the lesion is malignant. 

Dr Thomas Stnttaford 

HoTMitTcrnaixcDi' Haryiusn M tsaWi >aij«iurnMiQ«n* 'hct wci.t. rni jrar^l 



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the works 

Penny Gummer. wife of junior 
agriculture minister John Gum- 
mer. has been causing problems at 
Westminster. Last week Gum- 
Gum belted down the A12 taking 
his heavily pregnant wife to 
hospital: her contractions ceased 
en route. Yesterday, as Gummer 
was about to hold a lobby briefing 
on the Agriculture Bill, it hap- 
pened again: but this time for real 
As he rushed off his boss. Michael 
Jopling. still not folly recovered 
from a chest infection, was sum- 
moned to present the bill. .After 
attending the birth of his fourth 
child — a girl — Gummer hared 
back to take over from poor 
Jopling to wind up. 


The killing of Gadaffi’s adopted 
daughter in the American air 
attack on Libya could have for- 
reaching consequences if histori- 
cal parallels are anything to go by. 
Members of the State Department 
and the CIA still blush at their 
failure to read the implications of 
the death, in suspicious circum- 
stances. of the Ayatollah Kho- 
meini's son in 1977. Within IS 
months. Khomeini, who blamed 
the Shah of Iran for the death, 
relumed in triumph to Tehran. 

High drama 

It has taken six weeks since my 
announcement, but the Arts 
Council gqt there yesterday: the 
once trouser-dropping Brian Rix 
is to chair the Arts Council’s 
drama panel. No farce this: he will 
have the unenviable and con- 
troversial task of distributing £12 
million of annual theatre grants. 

School daze 

Left-wing Southwark council lead- 
er Tony Ritchie, now standing for 
ILEA election, has outlined his 
educational stance in his local 
paper. **I make no claims about 
being an educationalist", he says, 
“but 1 understand what a Socialist 
educational policy is all about" 
Perhaps he'd like to explain it to 
the rest of us. 

Cop steward 

John Barzell. the tough-talking, 
no-nonsense chairman-dect of the 
Prison Officers' Association — 
now leading his men into dispute 
with the Home Office —has all the 
right credentials. The burly Liv- 
erpudlian has such a reputation 
for handling louts that the TUC 
has called upon him for the past 
three years to act as a steward at its 
annual conference. Without Barr- 
en's presence Norman Willis. I am 
told, would never have begun a 
sentence, let alone ended one. 

Private bars? 

Outrage in Oxford Crown Court 
yesterday when two earnest young 
detectives insisted on referring to 
“custody suites”. “That's architect 
language”, snapped Judge Hilary 
Gosling as the jury stifled its 
giggles. "Surely you mean the 
cells?" Afterwards, however, local 
police maintained that since the 
introduction of the new Police and 
Criminal Evidence Act, custody 
suites is what they have been told 
to call them. 


i don't suppose there's any 
chance of equipping an 
FI -It with cricket balls 7* 


The good ladies of the Gloucester- 
shire branch of Soroptimist Inter- 
national (a sort of Rotary for 
women) almost choked on their 
prawn cocktails this week- The 
guest speaker, booked months in 
advance to appear at their 
Cirencester dinner to celebrate 
this year's Year of Peace theme, 
was a Mrs Karen Lum. She came 
with her husband. Colonel John 
Lunt - commander of the US air 
force unit at RAF Fairfbrd. And 
with him he brought his red alert 
walkie-talkie, which he propped 
'twixt the salt and pepper pots. 


Action stations at a North York- 
shire police station, A drowsy- 
voiced telephone caller warns of a 
plan to dump a body in the 
boating lake of a nearby amuse- 
ment park. The duty sergeant 
presses for more information, but 
the caller has passed out. In the 
background, however, the plotters 
ran faintly be heard, scheming 
away. The call is traced. Police 
cars race to the address. The 
officers burst into the 
house . . , and And a rather con- 
fused but public-spirited old man. 
the phone still in his hand. He had 
become confused by a melo- 
dramatic edition of Hi Da Hi. 


A religious revival on the air 

Quite a few local radio chiefs arc 
said to be scratching their heads as 
their contemplate piles of post, 
visible proof that the much- 
derided “God-slot” is an amazing 
audience-puller, given the right 
circumstances. Jammed switch- 
boards told the same story. A 
unique Lenten exercise by 37 
British radio stations has upset all 
sorts of assumptions. The 
churches are no less staggered. 

No one has counted them, but it 
looks as if as many as half a 
million replies have been sent in 
following the simultaneous trans- 
mission of a local radio course, 
which ended at Easter, on church 
unity. Perhaps a million people 
look pan. 

Canon Derek Palmer, of the 
Board for Mission and Unity of 
the Church of England, has only 
one small share of the action at 
Church House. Westminster, 
which was used as a central 
reference point for the course. He 
stood fingering unopened bundles 
of post. “It’s excitingT he said. 
“Quite fantastic!” People like him 
do not usually say things like that 

There was nothing about the 
project which suggested before- 
hand that it was about to touch 
nerves all over the country. 
Church unity has been around for 
too long to sound very exciting. 
The radio course looked un- 
compromisingly du)L and to take 
part properly, people had to attend 
discussion groups and fill in 
complex questionnaires. 

The project was part of some- 
thing larger, and superficially even 
duller — a three-year process of 
finding a new starting point for 

Clifford Longley on the surprise success 
and significance of a recent radio series 

ecumenical negotiations between 
the churches. It was a typical 
worthy idea conceived by a church 
committee. If ever an idea seemed 
born dead (t was this one. But it 

It was originally conceived — 
with slightly differing motives — 
by the British Council of Churches 
and the Roman Catholic Church. 
The former was keen to promote 
grass-roots involvement in inter- 
church relations, having found 
that projects worked out by ex- 
perts lacked popular appeal and 
came unstuck. 

The Catholic Church was anx- 
ious to focus attention on what it 
felt was a neglected aspect of 
British ecumenism, and one in 
which it held the strong cards. It 
wanted the theology of the Chris- 
tian church itself on the agenda. 
The hope was to get Methodists, 
Anglicans. Baptists and others 
asking themselves questions 
which would begin to make sense 
of the Roman Catholic raison 
d'etre-, in what sense does the 
church as Christ intended it have 
to be international, hierarchical, 
and doctrinally authoritative? 

So the Catholic contribution to 
the scheme was the question: 
“What is the nature of the 
church?" and the Protestant: 
“What is it for?” Round those 
starting points grew the notion of 
getting local input before the 
experts sat down to answer them. 

Local radio was a cheap and easy 
way of reaching thousands of 
people, particularly as most radio 
stations are glad of anything that 
helps fill their dutiful weekly hour 
of religious broadcasting. They 
also agreed to employ that unique 
facility for instant feedback, the 
radio phone-in. to liven up an 
otherwise forbidding prospect 

Many stations reported that 
they had rarely been so swamped 
by calls. Now, with postal replies 
pouring in, they have never bees 
so swamped by maO. Tens of 
thousands of forms; pages and 
pages of reports and comments; 
tetters from groups and individ- 
uals have had to be opened, 
stacked and sorted. Teams of 
“assessors" are currently working 
out what it all amounts to. 

What it amounts to is the 
revelation that the church-going 
fraction of the population has an 
enormous frustrated appetite for 
digestible religion, and an even 
more enormous energy for break- 
ing down denominational bar- 
riers. The common theme of the 
replies is: “Why didn't we do this 
before? Can we do it again?” 

The tens of thousands of dis- 
cussion groups are refusing to 
dissolve now that Easter has come 
and gone. They warn another 
course next Lent They write in 
their thousands to say that they 
have realized feu- the first time that 
members of other denominations 

are just like themselves, with very 
yjmflar beliefs. They have discov- 
ered each other's ideas, and been 
enthralled by them. A new 
enthusiasm for religion has been 

Just bow for this extraordinary 
and unexpected response will 
carry the churches towards resolu- 
tion of their differences is less 
certain. First impressions are that 
the goal set by the professionals — 
the uniting of all the churches 
into one church — is not much 
fancied by most grass- roots 
amateurs. They value their own 
traditions too much. Yet. without 
seeing any contradiction, they also 
want for more joint activity, joint 
worship, and the ending of old 

There is a significant 
groundswel! against doctrinal lib- 
eralism. There is an absence of 
some of the prejudices British 
church people are supposed to 
fed: anti-Catholicism, for in- 
stance. seems to have collapsed. 
But there is also a resentment 
towards the clergy who, they fear, 
will distrust the energy released 
the Lent courses, and try to take it 
over or stop it. 

The inescapable impression is 
of a vast army of commitment and 
interest looking for direction. The 
church-going laity, albeit mea- 
sured at just over 10 per cent of the 
British population, is plainly a 
formidable force, too easily dis- 
counted — whether by radio 
producers or their own church 

The author b religious affairs 
correspondent of The Times. 

Tom Hadden and Kevin Boyle put forward a plan to alleviate the siispicions of 
Northern Ireland Unionists without alienating Catholics or offending Dublin 

Making Hillsborough work 

The battle of wills between North- 
ern Ireland Unionists and the 
British and Irish governments 
over the Hillsborough agreement 
is coming to a head. The situation 
on the streets of Belfast is plainly 
deteriorating and the likelihood of 
an all-out confrontation — whe- 
ther by gradually escalating dis- 
order or an indefinite strike tike 
that of 1974 — is increasing. 

Mrs Thatcher, Tom King, the 
Northern Ireland Secretary, and 
the Unionist leaders keep calling 
for talks, but neither side appears 
able to begin the process. London 
and Dublin are committed to 
implementing the agreement, and 
will talk only on that understand- 
ing. The Unionists refuse to talk to 
anyone unless the agreement is 
abandoned or at least suspended. 

The reason that lan Paisley and 
James Molyneaux are taking such 
an unco-operative line, after 
apparently agreeing to further 
talks at their Downing Street 
meeting, is dear. They would like 
to negotiate but cannot bring their 
parties with them without obtain- 
ing some substantial concession. 
They are reported to be studying 
the small print in each successive 
tetter from Mrs Thatcher for 
something they could sell to their 
more militant members. Hence 
the long drawn-out exchange of 
letlen in which the same argu- 
ments are carefully rephrased to 
avoid a complete breakdown. 

The position of the British and 
Irish governments appears to be 
that some kind of confrontation 
with the Unionists was inevitable, 
that so far it has not got out of 
hand, and that they have no 
alternative to sweating it oul 
They hope that a combination of 
pressure from moderate Unionists 
and a realization by their political 
leaders that they cannot bring 
down the agreement will even- 
tually prevail and allow the talking 
to begin. Meanwhile they reiterate 
that the agreement has been 
misrepresented - as it has - by 
the Unionists, that it poses no 
threat to the union, and that if 
only the Unionists would accept it 
the real benefits would flow. 

The dangers of this continuing 
impasse are obvious. The agree- 
ment was entered into and sold as 
a means of bringing peace and 
stability to Northern Ireland after 
15 years of strife by recognizing 
the rights and aspirations of both 
communities. But the price of 
helping to reduce the feeling of 
alienation among the Catholics 
has been the creation of a high 
degree of alienation among Prot- 
estants. And if the positive mea- 
sures designed to improve the 
status and economic well-being of 
the Catholics in the longer term 
have to be postponed to lessen 

One more death . . . the funeral in Lurgan yesterday of Keith White, who 
had been on a life support machine since being hit by a plastic 
bullet daring the loyalist demonstrations in Portadown at Easter 

Unionist opposition to what they 
perceive as Dublin rule then the 
relative Catholic satisfaction may 
also be jeopardized. 

If the agreement is to fulfil its 
purpose and become acceptable — 
the two are obviously linked - 
there must soon be some observ- 
able benefits to both communities. 

Is there any way out of the 
impasse? Yes, if both govern- 
ments can bring themselves to 
recognize that, for alt its merits, 
the Hillsborough agreement ur- 
gently needs amendment. Fortu- 
nately for those who have 
committed themselves to stead- 
fast and resolute implementation 
of the agreement, its own Article 
1 1 provides for either government 
to call for a review. 

The main defects can, with 
hindsight, be easily identified. 
Firstly, the agreement provides for 
too pervasive an involvement by 
the Republic in Northern Ireland 
affairs through the ministerial 
conference and its secretariat in 
Belfast. This is unacceptable to the 
Protestants and has been the main 
focus of their opposition. 

Three different levels of Brilish- 
Irish relations need to be sepa- 
rated oul the inter-state (Londou- 
Dublin). relations between North- 
ern Ireland and the Republic and 
relations between the two commu- 
nities within Nonhem Ireland. 
The ministerial conference has. in 

effect, been given authority over 
all three dimensions. This was 
understandable given British and 
Irish despair over Unionist in- 
transigence. But it has made the 
entire agreement unacceptable to 
the Unionists when in reality they 
have no cause for serious com- 
plaint about most of its pro- 
visions. Hie agreement should be 
amended to clarify the precise role 
and competence of the conference 
on each of these levels. 

The second defect is that the 
agreement provides no clear time- 
table for the introduction of 
measures to improve the status 
and well-being of Northern Ire- 
land Catholics. Instead of laying 
down what has to be achieved in 
specific terms, it appears to envis- 
age a semi-permanent supervisory 
role for the Republic over any 
reforms that Britain might pro- 
pose. The Unionists see this as a 
form of joint authority, despite 
Mrs Thatcher's assurances to the 
contrary, and nationalists are 
unclear as to how they will benefit 

A third defect is that the 
agreement provides no clear and 
workable ground rules for the 
introduction of an acceptable 
form of devolution within North- 
ern Ireland. Finally the agreement 
is unsatisfactory in the degree to 
which it commits ihe Republic to 
recognize the North’s legitimacy. 

Curing these defects requires as 

a first step a review of the working 
of the conference under Article 1 1. 
Alongside such a review a round- 
table conference of Unionist and 
nationalist political represent- 
atives might be convened, chaired 
by a senior British minister such 
as Sir Geoffrey Howe or Lord 
Whitefaw. The agenda would be to 
work out a framework for devolu- 
tion and a timetable for the 
adoption of measures to meet the 
rights and interests of both 
communities on such matters as 
employment, marching and citiz- 
enship. When progress had been 
achieved here, an attempt could 
be' made to move forward on 
North-South issues by direct talks 
between Belfast and Dublin. 

None of this, it must be 
emphasized, would be happening 
outside the framework agreed at 
Hillsborough. It would merely put 
right one of the misfortunes in the 
negotiating of the agreement — 
total exclusion of the Unionists 
from involvement in those mat- 
ters on which they have clear and 
obvious rights. 

It would also be desirable to 
consider how Article I of the 
agreement on the status of North- 
ern Ireland might be reinforced 
One possibility would be to pass 
parallel and identical legislation in 
both countries, confirming the 
principle of consent by the major- 
ity in Northern Ireland to unity, 
while acknowledging the right to 
equality of treatment of the 
nationalist minority. 

This would entail replacing 
Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish 
constitution and the theoretical 
claim to jurisdiction over North- 
ern Ireland. But United Kingdom 
law would in. turn acknowledge 
the legitimacy of the aspiration to 
unity dared by the Republic's 
population and the minority 
within Northern Ireland. 

A constructive use of the con- 
cept of review under Article II 
allows both governments to say 
that they are resolutely im- 
plementing the agreement while 
the Unionists can claim they have 
won a major concession. All of 
this, it may also be emphasized, 
falls squarely within the agreed 
realities and requirements identi- 
fied in the New Ireland Forum, 
which explicitly stated that any 
new arrangements must be accept- 
able to the people of the North and 
those of the South. Mrs Thatcher 
and Dr FitzGerald might still find 
it more fruitful to proceed by way 
of a referendum in Northern 
Ireland and in the Republic on a 
package of this kind than by 

Tom Hadden b professor oflawai 
Queen’s University. Belfast, and 
Kevin Boyie professor of law at 
University College. Galway. 

The Indian sub-continent has 
enriched British life from Sez- 
incoie and the Royal Pavilion. 
Brighton, to the latest pagodas and 
beautiful launderettes; from 
poppadums and butter chicken to 
great novels and films. 

1 was reminded how ii enriches 
the English language by a letter 
from the Wilco Shipping Agency 
of Madras, soliciting my custom 
under a misapprehension of my 
needs, but with the foil flower of 
Indian politeness: “Reputed own- 
ers have either gone bankrupt or 
landed in receivership. Our bro- 
chure is enclosed to regale you 
about the prevalent modus ope- 
rand!. Owners can always confide 
in us for any matter. They may 
whisper anything and we will noi 
even allow the walls to 
eavesdrop . . ." 

This is a typical, omaie Indian 
business teller, using some words 
in a slightly exotic sense, e.g. 
“reputed" for “reputable.” The 
last sentence is perfect, with its 
vivid image of even the walls 
listening in some treacherous 
Mogul corridor. You can imagine 
the pronunciation of“eavesdrop 
with the drop stressed, and rhym- 
ing with carp. “Indian shipping 
scenario is fraught wuft episodes. 

Indo additives 

Philip Howard: New Words for Old 

where owners fere some exi- 
gencies and need immediate 
assistance.” The great strength of 
English is that it has so many 
lively national and regional di- 
alects enriching the central core. 1 

We forget how much of our 
British vocabulary comes from 
India. Bungalow, khaki jungle, 
and cummerbund are reasonably 
well known. But remember sham- 
poo. which is ihe imperative of a 
Hindu verb meaning to massage, 
as the Romans used their tractator 
lo knead and soothe the aching 
muscles. A Voyage io East India, 
by Edward Terry. 1616: “Taking 
thus iheir ease, they often call lheir 
Barbers, who tenderly gripe and 
smile their Armes and other parts 
of iheir bodies instead of exercize, 
to siirrc the bloud. It is a pleasing 
wanionnesse. and much valued in 
ihesc hoi climes." I wish 1 had a 
tractator or Indian Barber to gripe 
and smite my aching parts ten- 
derly at the end of a hard day at 

the word laboratory. As it is, I 
have a hot bath, shampoo my hair, 
and bless our Indian roots. 

We owe cash to the Indians in 
the linguistic as well as the 
pecuniary sense. The letters of the 
young light-hearted masters of the 
East India Company are foil of 
references to cash, the sundry 
coins of low value and amazing 
shapes in various parts of the 
Indies. Cash, of course, is what we 
were there for. 

The great vocabulary of English 
is enriched by Indian. Hobson- 
Jobson. the Glossary’ of Colloquial 
Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases 
by Colonel Henry Yule and AC. 
Burnell, first published in 1866, 
has just been reissued with a 
foreword by our good wordsmilh, 
Anthony Burgess. The imperial 
connection, in which most British 
families had a relation who had 
served in India, has long been 
broken. Bui ihe historical and 
family connection, with our own 

native British Indians, remains as 
strong and enriching as ever. 

English usage in Indfa, and also 
in Pakistan. Bangladesh and Sri 
Lanka, affects our common stock 
of English in vocabulary, accent, 
idiom, syntax, semantics, gram- 
mar, and the other departments of 
language. I sometimes wonder in 
my more extravagant moments 
whether the trick of leaving out 
ihe definite article in TUSpeak, as 
in Conference and Congress tout 
court without the introductory 
“ihe", may not be an echo of 
Indian English. 

You could make a case for 
arguing that people with two 
languages and two cultures are 
more creative linguistically than 
dull moaoglois. It is clearly the 
case that many Indians, because 
they have been laugh: from old- 
fashioned lexi-books by old-fash- 
ioned teachers who still believe in 
the Great Queen’s English, write 
formal English of a certain kind 
beiter than your average English- 
man, whose education has largely 
given up ihe writing of formal 
prose. There is a piece in there 
somewhere. In the meantime. Ya 
Hasan, Ya Hosain, or as we ay 
Hobson -Jobson, for our old and 
rich Indian connection. 

David Watt 

real victim 


Three hard facts about the Ameri- 
can raid on Tripoli emerge from 
the welter of speculation and 

ignored the declared 
wishes and advice of its European 
allies, including Britain. Whatever 
ministers and officials may now- 
say in public for the sake of 
alliance solidarity, there was as 
overwhelming consensus in the 
British government (not excluding 
the Prime Minister) — conveyed 
to ihe Americans in advance — 
that the attack was unwise. Quite 
apart from repercussions in the 
Arab world from which the whole 
West may suffer, it was thought 
most unlikely to deter terrorism, 
indeed might actually increase it, 
particularly in Europe. 

• Washington acted almost en- 
tirely under the impulsion of 
domestic emotions and domestic 
political considerations. Warnings 
by European governments and 
Arab moderates weighed almost 
nothing in comparison with Presi- 
dent Reagan’s need to m a intain 
credibility with American public 
opinion and vindicate his .own 
mission of American national 
honour. The only sufficient ex- 
ternal deterrent (because harmful 
to Reagan’s domestic image) 
might have been a prior threat by 
Mikhail Gorbachov to cancel the 
summit entirely or to support 
Gadaffi with military force. But no 
such threat was made. 

• The British government and 
Mrs Thatcher in particular, were 
pm in an intolerable position by 
the American desire to use their 
bases in Britain. Apart from the 
doubts about the wisdom of the 
enterprise, they knew there would 
be an enormous political row in ’ 
which the anti-Americans would ~ 
have a field day and Labour's cry 
about Britain being an American 
aircraft carrier would be raised in 
a particularly awkward form. On 
the other hand, as Mrs Thatcher 
told the Commons, an outright 
“no" was out of the question since 
this would put the alliance under 
probably an even greater strain 
across the Atlantic. 

It is all very wefl for Edward 
Heath and James Callaghan to say 
from the secure refuge of retire- 
ment, thatthey would have refused 
permission, but things have 
changed drastically since iheir 
days in office. American public 
opinion is for jumpier and the 
prospects of American isola- 
tionism far greater. It is a measure 
of bow far confidence has been 
sapped that British officials ac- 
tually considered the possibility 
that the US might take advantage 
of the ambiguity of the old 
“understanding’' and go ahead 
and use British bases . after 
“consulting” Mrs Thatcher, but 
without receiving her consent 

the strategy proposed by mod- ' 
erate critics such as David Owen 
might in theory have reduced the 
damage. This would have entailed 
insisting, as the price for consent, 
that the US should put itself “on 
side” In international law by going 
to the UN Security Council and 
making a plea of setf-defence 
under Article 51 of the Charter. 
Then, when this got nowhere, to 

consent only to the bombing of 
Libyan 03 jetties in the hope of 
achieving by relatively bloodless 
military means the effect of an 
economic blockade- The fatal Saw ' 
in this rational compromise is that 
the Reagan administration was in ^ 
no mood for it 

In the first place, the present 
Americas government loathes and 
despises the UN. which it regards 
as a kind of Soviet-dominated 
kangaroo court for the indictment 
of American policies. Secondly, It . 
wished to humiliate Gadaffi, 
rather than simply put a squeeze • 
on him. Thirdly, it was deeply . 
suspicious of any advice or con* 
strain ts urged by Europeans, . 
whom it regards as whmgeing - 

The remark by General Vernon ‘ 
Walters, Reagan's special envoy, 
after his visits to European cap- 
itals imM up Washington's min- , 
gfed mood of resentment, defiance^, 
and -condescension: “The so- . 

- called sophisticated Europeans 
only managed 21 years of peace , 
between the world wars; under 
United States leadership we have ! 
bad 41 years”. In this atmosphere 
Mrs Thatcher probably achieved ; 
as much as was possible in getting f, 
the Americans to make -a tiny , 
concession to international public 
relations by talking more expltc- ; 
illy about “seif-defence” than they - 
bad intended. If she had said “bo" * 
Washington would simply have • 
launched a bloodier attack from I 
the Sixth Fleet, and acted with 
even more unilateral contempt for 
Europe in subsequent de a li ngs - 
across the whole field of inter- 4 
national affairs. 

The dear conclusion Is that I 
whatever the immediate fete of * 
Colonel Gadaffi, the incident has : 
widened the US-European gap >- 
within Nato. Washington’s worst , 
opinion of European “wetness" 
will have been confirmed -mn so « 
muchTjy the EEC’s joint declara- 
tion on Libya but rather by the : 
general atmosphere of doubt, ir- - . 
resolution anddissentton in which * 
it was promulgated. At the same 
time, the picture of Reagan as a , 
dangerous cowboy will be even 
mart indelibly pnnted on Euro* 
pean public opinion, lor what is 
his comment that he “did what 
had to be done" buz a paraphrase - 
of the classic cliche of ihe doomed T 
Western gunfigbter that “a man 
does what a man has to do”? * . 

But the affair shows up for - 
deeper trouMes than that. The 2 
truth is that European interests in 
the Middle East really do differ in 2 
important respects from Amer- 
ica's. tn the past the assumption * 
has been that such differences can - 
be patched up by cultural under- 
standing, joint derision- m alti n g 
and real c omprom ise^ The US, in L 
its present mood, has increasingly 
tended to go its own way and 
follow its own emotional imper- 
atives. The Europeans have be- 
come more and more disaffected 
and uneasy but are not yet strong 
or united enough to lei go of 
American apron strings. The So- 
viet threat still keeps the alliance 
together— just But the binding 
sense of shared destiny is being • 
eroded very rapidly. It is a deeply *• 
worrying prospect. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Innovate., .and 
make us great 

Britain, it seems to be generally 
agreed, has to reestablish itself as 
a top manufacturing nation. All 
we need is good ideas for things to 
manufacture and the will to do it. 
Well, I have no idea how to 
manufacture things, but our re- 
search department keeps coming 
up with good ideas. Today we are 
giving away some of them free. 
Any entrepreneur out there who 
wishes to make Britain great can 
use any ofthem without asking our 
-'rmission. We ask only for a few 
ie samples. 

Brown safe The one great princi- 
ple of health foods is that anything 
brown is healthier than anything 
white — rice, flour, sugar, eggs, 
even coffee mugs. But so rar 
nobody has produced a successful 
non-white salt The best they have 
done is to market sea salt, which is 
supposedly healthier because it is 
obtained naturally from sea water. 
Would it not be possible to dry sea 
salt in conjunction with seaweed 
(a very trendy health food) and 
thus lum it brown? It m ight not be 
any healthier, but then neither are 
brown eggs. The point is that you 
would make a fortune. 

Heavy bags: Although we live in a 
pre-packaged age. there are still 
many things which are weighed 
before they are sold — meat, fruit, 
vegetables, coffee beans, fish and 
so on. They are always weighed in 
a paper or polythene bag. which 
supposedly adds nothing to the 
weight. But supposing the bag 
actually weighed two or three 
ounces, being made of some new. 
surprisingly heavy material? 
Would this not always give the 
customer short weight and add an 
average 10 per cent to profit 
margins? The principle has been 
established by ihe practice of 
injecting ham and bacon with 
water, but so for has not been 
extended to the packaging. 

Light envelopes: A great deal of 
stuff being sem through the post 
these days comes in those pack- 
ages lined with hundreds of plastic 
air bubbles io protect the contents. 
Bui these packages, as they tend to 
contain books and other heavy 
0bj ? : £n. are °£ L f n “Pensive to 
send. Why not fill the bubbles with 
helium or some other lighter-than- 

air substance, so that the postal 
weight of the package was less than 
foe real weight? Postage bills 
would be reduced enormously. 
Care would obviously have to be 
taken not to make the whole 

package lighter than air, nothing is 
more embarrassing than a parcel 
that flies away. - 

Ditto, Car smuggling? Do customs 
officers have the time to examine 
each one of those hundreds of air 
bubbles? I doubt it. So what better 
place to insert small but valuable 
merc han dise which yon -do not 
wish to draw to their attention? 

A la ge r revival? The protest 
against keg beers led to the highly 
successful and presumably lucra- 
tive Campaign for Real Ale. It also 
led, curiously, to the enormous 
success of light, bland lagers more 
tike- (teg beer than the genuine 
Continental lager from Germany, 
Czechoslovakia, Holland and so 
on. I have been waiting for years 
for a Campaign for Real Lager. 
The man who started it could 
make a fortune. 

A Doa-poUtical brains trust: When 
a discussion show featuring four 
people goes on the air- such as 
Robin Day's Question Time or 
Any Question? —three ofthem are 
almc»t always MPs from the main 
pohtical groups, and their contri- 
butions are m variably predictable. 
Personally. I switch off in droves. 
The person who devised a show 
featuring four real people could be 
on to a real winner. 

A shoplifting mi; Mam 

■ 4 . 

- I 

/*. snopmaag gun? Many shops 
nowadays combat shoplifting by 
attaching heavy tags to their wares 
wforii set off an alarm system as 
tne shoplifter leaves the premises. 
If you actually find yourself driven 
to buy the product, the shop 
assistant removes the tag by what 
looks hke a heavy-duty destapliug 
gun. Could not this device be 
marketed generally for the use of 
those people who wish to avoid 

A personal labeOer: This would be 
used in supermarkets to replace 
those , tiny stick-on labels with 
your own, bearing a more equita- 
a PPCal to all 
who find shoplifting a trifle dis- 
honest and would bring inflation 
down at a stroke. 



1 Pennington Street London El 9 DD Telephone: 01-481 4100 



: terrorist-diplomats in St 
: James's Square. If someone 
; had then suggested that — 
within two years, after several 
other Libyan-inspired terrorist 
dimes and despite continued - 
Libyan assistance to the IRA - 
two-thirds of the British peo- 
ple would disapprove of the 
American bombing of terrorist 
targets in Libya, and that a still • 
larger 71 per cent would 
cond emn the Prime Minister’s 
decision to allow bases fa 
Britain, to be used for that 
purpose, the prediction would 
tfcave been regarded as ridicu- 

Yet those figures are drawn 
from the MORI opinion poll 
published in yesterday's 
Times. They are paralleled by 
the overwhelming majority of 
letters, received by this news- 
paper in its early postbag on 
the Libyan crisis, which are 
critical both of President 
Reagan's action and of the 
Prime Minister’s support for . 

The Times has taken a very 
different and broadly 
^favourable view of the wisdom 
-and morality of the Libyan 
raid and of Britain's role in it 
But a newspaper which finds 
itself in marked disagreement 
with the opinions of its readers 
must seriously address their 
concerns if it is to have any 
hope of influencing them. The 
principal anxiety felt in Britain 
appears to be that the Ameri- 
can action will not halt terror- 
ism and might even cause it to 

The first half of that argu- 
ment is irrefutable as stated. 
Not even President Reagan 
claims that bombing terrorist 
targets in Libya will bait aB 
.terrorism or even aD Libyan- 
inspired terrorism. Since -no 
other policy promises that 
result, however, the objection 
is hardly a knock-down one. 
What may be reasonably 
claimed is that the American - 
action is likely, to obstruct 
terrorism. At a practical level 
it has destroyed ' 'Jenxmst 
equipment; logisdcal support, 
training facilities and,.- 
organizational . infrastructure; 
and it has presumably killed 
some terrorists. 

that his crime stands some 
chance of being punished. 

It pay be objected that 
terrorists, being abnormal peo- 
ple, will not respond to this 
deterrent psychology. But in- 
sofar 1 as their abnormality 
consists of calculating the 
political advantages of murder 
without regard to moral 
considerations, that is reason 
for forcing them to factor the 
risks of retaliation and the 
destruction of their 
organisation's resources into 
the calculation. 

No-one would act upon this 
harsh reasoning if more peace- 
ful methods of countering 
terrorism were available. In 
Wednesday’s emergency Com- 
mons debate the 
Government's critics insisted 
that such methods were not 
merely available, bat were in 
addition likely to be effective. 
The most visionary solution 
proposed was that Western 
governments should tackle the 
roots of terrorism by securing 
the rights of the Palestinian 
people. As it happens, the 
violent politics of the Middle 
East long before the establish- 
ment of Israel suggests that 
even its removal from the 
scene would not eradicate 
terrorism. Passing over that 
point, however, it is surely 
very curious logic that the way 
to solve a lesser problem is by 
way of solving a greater one. 

Mr Neil Kinnock offered the 
more practical proposal that 
economic sanctions should be 
employed against Libya. But 
the history of sanctions is 

That is, however, an aca- 
demic point since there is no 
prospect that European gov- 
ernments will cooperate in tbe 
imposition of sanctions that 
would damage their commer- 
cial interests in Libya. For 
them to decry an action which 
they invited by their resolute 
inaction is cant of a high order. 

( . .That - leaves the argument 
that foe Western powers 
should continue to respond to 
terrorism by painstaking joint 
intelligence’ cooperation. Of 
course, no-one ^opposes such 
cooperation as one element in 
any counter-terrorism policy 

Ineffectiveness may be judged 

Will bombing also obstruct from the feet that terrorism 
terrorism psychologically? Is il has risen steadily during the 

likely to deter future terrorism 
or, as critics maintain, to drive 

period that governments have 
relied upon it as their sole 

terrorists to increase their rate counter-terrorist approach. If 
*jof murder by giving them the the escalation of terror is the 
additional motive of revenge? criterion, then, another policy 

That puzzle is not capable of needs to be tried. 

certain solution. Arguments 
can be advanced on both sides. 
But it is surely plausible — to 
make no higher claim — that a 

Many who have accepted 
the argument thus fer, how- 
ever, will balk at a policy 
which has caused death and 


terrorist is more likely to plant injury to innocent civilians, 
a bomb when he is assured in whether by bombs which 




The Government's dispute 
with the prison officers is 
ostensibly about quantities. 
Costs in the jails have risen at 
a fester rate than the inflow of 
prisoners (whose numbers 
.have increased substantially). 

1 Excessive amounts of. over- 
time are worked, pushing 
prison officers' earnings up. 
They are, however, reported to 
seethe because, unlike the 
police, they are endowed with 
- no generous indexation 
arrangement for their basic 

Many of the figures dis- 
played in the Home Office’s 
• accounts for the prison service 
are, politically and manageri- 
ally, intolerable. The govern- 
ment cannot with any 
conscience preach to other 
. public sector employees, nota- 
i’ bly the teachers, about the 
indissoluble link between in- 
puts of tax-generated revenue 
and better "product” without 
reading the sermon also to 
prison officers. The knowi 
truculence of the Prison Offi- 
cers Association should not 
discourage Ministers who, for 
both private and public sec- 
tors, have made “the 
managers' right to manage a 
watchword of the 1980s. The 
fact is that in many prisons the 
: nature of the penal regime 
itself is almost a by-product of 
cosv arrangements made to 
suit the employees 
organisation; some governors 
are managers in theory only, 
their discretion thwarted by 
the power of the POA to veto 

None of that is new. What is 
of recent origin is the rheton- 
cal encouragement given by 
. Ministers to the criminal jus- 
' ? tice system to deal with crime 
by more and longer prison 
terms. Receptions into prisons 
leapt last year. . The system 
currently contains more pnsr 
oners than ever before, ine 

financial consequences have 
been huge and deserve the 
attention of even the most 
tough-minded analysts of 
crime and punishment (whose 
ranks include the Prime Min- 
ister) because the longer and 
more extensive jail terms have 
no ready effect on crime itself. 
Prison, in other words, is not 
especially cost-effective. 

Enter the otherwise emol- 
lient Mr Douglas HuixL Mr 
Hurd’s conviction that criteria 
of efficiency and effectiveness 
had to be applied even to the 
guardians of the public peace 
was signalled in a 1 speech he 
made last autumn; coura- 
geously close to the north 
London riots. The police, he 
said, had to show- value for 
money. By extension, extra 
police numbers had to be 
conditional upon better mea- 
sures of efficiency. 

The same lesson applies to 
the prisons. In reading it Mr 
Christopher Train, the direc- 
tor-general of the prison ser- 
vice, has attempted to apply 
cash limits to individual jails, 
a crude but often necessary 
method of applying the mind 
to costs and benefits. That 
action is, apparently, the cause 
of dispute. Cash limits should 
not be made into a shibboleth. 
But what the Home Office 
really cannot budge on is the 
longer-term programme of 
applying to the prisons a strict 
financial regimen. And if that 
provokes the PDA executive 
to use its mandate for "indus- 
trial action”, Mr Hurd will 
have to stand firm — army 
camps, police cells and the rest 

of it , _ 

Yet that is not enough, ror 
though the dispute appears 
only to be about money it has 
an inescapably qualitative 
dimension. The 
of . the prisons . cannot be 
isolated from penal policy and 
that is bound up with the 

treatment of offenders by the 
criminal justice system. The 
time has come to reconsider 
the “open door” approach 
espoused by the former Home 
Secretary Mr Leon Brittan, 
when he strove to demonstrate 
his toughness on law and 
order. Under his administra- 
tion a large-scale programme 
of prison building went ahead, 
in parallel with legislative and 
rhetorical signals to the courts 
to imprison. The capacity of 
the prisons - physical as well 
as administrative — is now 
overstretched. Part of the rem- 
edy is. for certain categories of 
offender, to close the prison 
door, and that means a revival 
of Home Office interest in 
non-custodial sentences (for 
certain non-violent offenders), 
punishment outside prison 
and so on. 

Here is territory on which 
the penal reformer and the 
efficiency expert can meet But 
such a programme for the 
prisons need involve do con- 
cessions to those who would 
take the sting out of punish- 
ment. The aim is not 
rehabilitation - that aspira- 
tion was discredited long ago - 
but containment There is 
nothing wrong with “slopping 
out” provided it is intended, 
deliberately, as part of a disci- 
plined prison regime. Where it 
is wrong is where it is a mere 
accident of conditions, an 
unintended result of an 
rebalance in the prison ac- 
counts between capital and 
revenue. Reform involves no 
lightening of the prison re- 
gime, but an effort to make it 

The dispute has already put 
such questions back into play. 
For that reason it may yet 
serve a useful purpose, how- 
ever 1 much disruption the 
prison officers's action may 
cause in the short-term. 



Italy defends 
her record 

strayed from their target or by 
anti-aircraft missiles which fell 
back to earth. It is un- 
doubtedly repugnant to any 
civilised person to resort to a 
policy which involves risk to 
innocent life. But to shrink 
from effective ami-terrorism 
involves the same risk on a 
greater scale since it allows the 
terrorists the scope to inflict 
more casualties 

That being so, the duty of 
statesmen is to restrict military 
action to clearly defined mili- 
tary targets and to seek to 
avoid collateral harm to civil- 
ian s — even though some risk 
to bystanders is inherent in 
military operations. It is plain 
that the American bombing 
was planned and — with one 
important exception — exe- 
cuted precisely. 

The exception, as fer as the 
still flimsy evidence permits us 
to judge, was the attack upon 
the house provided by Libyan 
security police to terrorists 
which was situated in a 
residential area containing em- 
bassies. It was certainly a 
legitimate military target But 
whether it was a prudent target 
is open to question. If not 
however, that one error — 
however sad its consequences 
— would not rule out the entire | 

This line of reasoning serves 
to justify the raid itself. But 
Mrs Thatcher's agreement to 
the American use of bases can 
be justified even if the raid is 
judged imprudent It is that 
public opinion in the United 
States is now dangerously 
hostile to European allies who 
both depend upon US military 
assistance and yet persistently 
ignore American concerns. 
Britain, as the beneficiary of 
US military help during the 
Falklands, had a special in- 
terest and responsibility to 
ward off sentiments that 
might, if neglected, flower into 

Mr Heath has rejected this 
argument on the grounds that 
America, in defending Europe 
against Soviet power, was 
actuated by interest rather 
than by. sentiment That is 
surety a coldheaited view of 
allianc e which must in the long 
ran undermine it It is naive 
Machiavellianism to imagine 
that nations, especially demo- 
cratic nations, pay regard only 
to interest and not at all to 
factors like resentment and 

What the Iasi few days has 
revealed, however, is that the 
reserve of affection among the 
British people for the United 
States, which has traditionally 
supported a special relation- 
ship of unique value to this 
country, has fallen to low 
levels. Ministers neglect this 
change of national sentiment 
at their - and our - peril. 

A moral question 

From Mrs Mary Godden 
Sir. Terrorism of all lands and 
murderous attacks on innocent 
people are an abomination. 

Legally it appears that the 
United States had the right to 
bomb Tripoli. 

Politically it seems inept in the 
extreme: bound to provoke fur- 
ther violence and doubtless win 
sympathy for President Gadaffi. 

Morally it was indefensible and, 
on reading your leading article 
today. 1 write to express my horror 
that the most responsible news- 
paper in the country can print 
bonific details of dead babies and 
severed limbs on one page and a 
defence of the action that caused 
those same honors on another. 
Yours faithfully, 


Ty Mawr, 
17 Barnes 

1 7 Barnes Avenue, 

Margate. Kent. 

April 16. 

From Mr E. Bailey 
Sir, Well done, President Reagan, 
and thank you, Mrs Thatcher for 
supporting him. 

At last someone has found the 
courage to deal with eviL 
Would that this courage could 
be reflected in those who are called 
on to deal with evil in our own 

Yours faithfully, 


8 Maes Bache, 

Grange Road. Llangollen, Qwyd. 

War memories 

From Professor P. CoUinson. FBA 
Sir, Thirty years ago, as a resident 
of an Arab capital (Khartoum), I 
tuned to the BBC World Service to 
hear that RAF bombers had struck 
at Egyptian airfields. The sense of 
incredulity and shock which I then 
felt was revived this morning by 
the news of our collusion in the 
irrational and disproportionate 
American attack on Libyan tar- 

Apparently while I slept I was 
party to the destruction of an 
innocent Greek dentist's home 
and practice and to the death of 
two of his neighbours, and to 
much other senseless suffering. 

Some of us who deplore what 
currently passes for American 
foreign policy, especially in Cen- 
tral America, have maintained 
silence, since after all it is not our 
government which has committed 
these follies. But I hope that we 
may now witness an expression of 
public dissent from crimes done in 
our own name such as has not 
been seen since Suez. 

In the mean time I have a 
question for Mrs Thatcher- On 
Saturday my entire family will be 
gathered at Gatwick to see one of 
us embark for Australia. Shall we 
be safer in that place than we 
would have been last Saturday? 
Yours faithfully. 


The University of Sheffield. 
Department of History. 


April IS. 

From Professor H. A. Rie 
Sir, In 1943, while working for 
SOE (Special Operations Exec- 
utive). 1 watched with anguish 
German bombers taking off from 
a French airfield. But France had 
been militarily defeated by the 
occupying power. We haven't 
been -yet. 

However, unless we start nego- 
tiations soon to deny the US the 
use of British territory for their 
military purposes, we shall find 
ourselves permanently echoing 
the policy of the Oval Office, while 
the Foreign Office becomes al- 
most redundant 
Yours verv truly, 


Colt ParitRibblehead. 
logician, via Camforth. 

Legal issues in Libya bombing 

From the Ambassador of Italy 
Sir. I have, of course, the highest 
regard for the opinion of journal- 
ists. especially when expresssed 
through an authoritative paper 
such as yours. I feel, however, 
compelled to firmly deny an 
insinuation contained in one of 
the leading articles published by 
The Times on April 15. 

Terrorism in Italy, having per- 
petrated dreadful and pointless 
crimes, has been almost entirely 
wiped out thanks to the strength 
and solidity' of the people's feeling 
and the soundness of our demo- 
cratic institutions. We have never- 
theless suffered far too much “to 
turn a blind eye” on Libya's, or 
indeed any other country’s 
involvement in terrorist activities. 

Whenever such involvements 
have been proved beyond doubt 
we have not failed to denounce 
them and to take the necessary 
measures. This has been dem- 
onstrated by the brilliant work 
carried out by our police forces 
and by the severe sentences deliv- 
ered by Italian courts to numerous 
terrorists of any nationality who 
arc at presentin' jail for the crimes 

As for the relations between 
Italy and Libya, their continu- 
ation. notwithstanding ever- 
increasing difficulties, has indeed 
so far enabled us to protect our 
legitimate interests, but at the 
same time it has given us the 
opportunity of expressing our 
views, with frankness, on the most 
controversial issues. 

May i add. incidentally, that for 
the past two years Italy has 
undertaken to protea British in- 
terests in that country and it 
endeavours to do so to this day in 
the best possible way. 

Yours faithfully. 


Italian Embassy. 

4 Grosvenor Square Wt. 

From Professor Harry Gdher 
Sir. The point of Mr Reagan's 
action against Libya was not. of 
course, that one strike can hope io 
stop terrorism, still less that it will 
bring public applause in the 
Middle East. It lies rather in Mr 
Reagan’s threat to do it again. 

It is an attempt to deter Colonel 
Gadaffi - and by implication 
others also - by the threat of 
military rather than merely verbal 
or even economic retaliation. 
Whether that works, especially 
with non-Libyan countries 2 nd 
groups, admittedly remains to be 
seen. But it is not foolish to 
assume that it may work better, 
both in making some Arab rad- 
icals more cautious 2 nd in satisfy- 
ing American congressional arid 
eleaora! opinion, than the verbal 
confusion which has been tbe 
contribution of much of Western 
Europe. Nor is it foolish to say that 
action against terrorism cannot 
reasonably await the emergence of 
equitable solutions to the terrible 
problems of Palestine or the 
Islamic world. 

violent means; and that the mischief 
done bv. or which might reasonably 
be anticipated from, the force used is 
no: disproportionate to the jury or 
mischief which it is intended to 

If an individual did something 
which had the same relationship 
to his victim's act as that between 
the United States' Libyan action 
and the terrorism which prompted 
it. he could export to end up 
spending a long time in custody. 
More often he would spend it in 
Broadmoor than Dartmoor. 

The differences between self- 
defence under common and inter- 
national law are in scale, not 
principle. Wc must hope that no 
one takes our Government's inter- 
pretation of the principle inter- 
national!} for domestic guidance. 
Yours faithfullv 

Rhyd yr Harding, 

Castle Morris. 

Nr Haverfordwest, 


April 15. 

In the circumstances it is ironic 
to have a number of distinguished 
persons explaining that retaliation 
is prohibited by international law. 
One might note in passing that if 
this principle were accepted, it 
would also render illegal the entire 
structure of mutual nuclear deter- 
rence which has maintained the 
peace between the superpowers for 
a generation, a structure based 
precisely on threats of retaliation 
against attack. 

Is it possible that the l 2 w is an 

Yours sincerely, 


University of Cambridge. 
Centre of International Studies, 
History Faculty Building, 

West Road, 


April 16. 

From Str R.J. F. Gordon 
Sir. President Reagan and Mrs 
Thatcher appear to have been 
badly advised. The constituents of 
self-defence were enunciated in 
the Caroline case by the American 
Secretary of Slate as requiring “a 
necessity of self-defence, instant, 
overwhelming. leaving no choice 
of means, and no moment for 

This statement is enshrined in 
current customary international 
law. It was applied, for example, 
by the International Military Tri- 
bunal at Nuremberg when 
dismissing the argument that 
Germany's invasion of Norway in 
1941 was legitimate anticipatory 

America's attack on Libya was 
unlawful because, inter alia, there 
existed both the choice of means 
and ample opportunity for delib- 

From Mr David Green 
Sir, In 1879 the Criminal Code 
Bill Commission's report included 
a classic definition: 

In 1S42 the UK Government 
accepted the restrictions set out in 
the Caroline case. It was. indeed, 
the other participant to that 

We take one great principle of the 
common law to be that, though it 
sanctions the defence of a man's 
person, liberty and property against 
illegal violence, and permits the use 
of force to prevent crimes, to 
preserve the public peace, and to 
bring offenders to justice, yet all this 
is subject to the restriction that the 
force used is necessary — that is, that 
the mischief sought to be prevented 
could not be prevented by less 

ft is ironic that the conceptual 
basis for the use of self-defence 
should so clearly, have been 
disregarded by the very countries 
who provided it. The con- 
sequences may be far-reaching. 
Yours faithfully, 


2 Harcourr Buildings. 

Temple. EC4. 

April 16. 

Defensive v offensive action 

From Mr M. A. BMurke-Gaffney, 

Sir, There are two aspects of self- 
defence. As commonly under- 
stood and applied, it is a shield 
against attack (from which side 
the initiative to conflict comes). In 
the case of terrorism, the shield of 
self-defence might take the form of 
special security measures and 
protect places or people, within 
the realm, most vulnerable to 
attack; to widen the scope of 
inteUigence^athering, and so on. 

The other aspect of self-defence 
is attack, which must always be 
difficult to justify in advance since 
its morality, not to say legality, 
depends upon making an ab- 
solutely accurate assessment ofthe 
current intentions of the objea of 
the defence-by-attack. It also 
dependsupon the absence of any 
real risk of any third patty getting 

Suppose it is or ought to be 
known to a prospective defence- 
bysanaefcer that to cany out plans 
directed against a terrorist 
’‘headquarters*' may. unless he is 
pretty lucky, kill or injure non- 
terrorists and damage or destroy 
their property. Could he then 
justify his counter-attack by ref- 
erence to any morally-based sys- 
tem of law? Speaking only for 
myself. 1 would have thought not 
Yours faithfully. 

Lamb Building, 

Temple. EC4. 

April 16. 

diplomats in EEC countries would 
in any way motivate Mr Reagan to 
postpone military action. let alone 
remove the Sixth Fleet from its 
battle position, shows a complete 
lack of understanding of Mr 
Reagan's character and intentions 
as culpable and dangerous as Mr 
Reagan's lack of understanding of 
Colonel Gadaffi. 

It is to be hoped chat the EEC 
will have learned from this epi- 
sode that at times of crisis it is 
essential that EEC foreign min- 
isters not only present a united 
front to the American President 
but a response that is realistic and 

Yours sincerely, 


5 Norfolk Mansions, 

Prince of Wales Drive. SW1 1. 
April 16. 

From Mr Cofin Streeter 
Sir. I have listened, as many others 
surely have, to the arguments for 
and against the American action 
in the Mediterranean. I was 
particularly interested in the 
points made by the American 
Ambassador on breakfast tele- 
vision. especially when he re- 
minded viewers that Libya was 
known to be a training base for 
IRA terrorists and he appeared to 
be putting that forward as being 
one of the reasons for the Ameri- 
can offensive. 

From Mr D. G. .4. Sanders 
Sir. Those of us who remember 
the agonies of waiting for the 
leaders of the Western democ- 
racies to show some cohesion in 
their dealings with rhe fanatic 
Adolph Hitler may find reassur- 
ance in the resolve of President 
Reagan and Mrs Thatcher to deal 
with modern terrorism such as 
that contrived by the similarly 
wrong-headed fanatic who ai 
present leads Libya. 

The method they have chosen 
to demonstrate their resolve may 
be open to question: but we again 
wait in vain for some agreed 
alternative from the other West- 
ern leaders. 

Perhaps it is unfortunate that 
President Reagan and Mrs 
Thatcher have not shown similar 
resolve in longer-term efforts to 
encourage a responsible attitude 
to the development of the author- 
ity of the United Nations. 

Yours truly. 




West Sussex. 

April 16. 

The Ambassador should be 
reminded that there are American 
citizens living in New York who 
are IRA sympathizers and others 

who are suspened of supplying 
arms. On his argument and that of 

arms. On his argument and that of 
the Pentagon, should we then 
come to the ridiculous conclusion 
that we should bomb New York? 

I am by no means anti-Ameri- 
can. having a number of friends 
who are Americans, but the public 
"intellectual” arguments for the 
arrack on Libya seem very shaky. 
Yours faithfully. 


86 St James' Drive. 

Wandsworth. SWJ7. 

April 16. 

From Mr Richard Blackford 
Sir. In the wake of the hostile 
reactions to Mr Reagan and Mrs 
Thatcher over the air strike on 
Libya it is important also 
torecognize the wholly ineffective 
role of the EEC at their emergency 
meeting in The Hague on April 14 
in attempting to dissuade the 
Americans from their course of 


To imagine that the mere 
reduction of the number of Libyan 

From Mr Chirag Karia 
Sir. Is slate-sponsored terrorism 
going to be eradicated by further 
state-sponsored terrorism? Are we 
going (O prevent further attacks on 
innocent civilians by perpetrating 
similar attacks ourselves? 

When the battle against terror- 
ism leads the “civilized” nations 
of ihe world to become propo- 
nents of terror, the battle, I would 
suggest has already been lost 
Yours faithfully. 


Sidney Sussex College, 

April 15. 

From Major-General F. N. Grant 
Sir, May 1 suggest that an ounce of 
loyally to one's allies is worth a 
ton of self-righteousness. 

Yours faithfully, 


Little Burrow Farm House, 




April 15. 


APRIL 18 1860 

iast year “On this day" had to 

pass over the account of the 
championship 1%^ between Ton * 
Savers, champion of En&ond, 
ihe American, John C. Heenan, 
and be content with a leading, 
article about it on April J9.7nU 
encounter, the tor great fight mm 
bare knuckles under the old Prae 
Ring rules . ended inconcluswety 
...i - . ,Ua nnlrro 

twig rules. . 

uith the intervention of the police. 
It is worth a second look. 


. . . Both men were duly wiped 
down, and Sayer's head and face, 
which were now smeared with 
blood and heavily bruised and 
bumped, was held close pressed 
between rold sponges to keep down 
tbe contusions, which had now 
altered his deep sallow hue. 

Shouts now went round the ring 
that Savers bad virtually already 
lost, and indeed the punishment he 
bad received was so much more 
severe than chat bestowed upon bis 
tall, wiry antagonist, who seemed 
always smiling and always fresh, 
chat matters really began to look 
serious for the Champion, and 
almost to warrant the belief that 
“the belt was going to Troy.” 
Apparently roused by these shouts 
io stronger efforts, Sayers came on 
a gain, and. watching his man 
cautiously, stepped back from a 
dreadful blow aimed at him, sprang 
in before the American could 
recover himself, and gave Heenan a 
terrific smash full in tbe eye, 
splitting up the cheek and sending 
his huge antagonist reeling like a 
drunken man back into his corner. 
The effect of this blow was so 
tremendous that even before half a 
minute had elapsed Heenan could 
scarcely be recognized as the same 
man , so swollen, disfigured, and 
blood-stained were his features. 
There were loud cheers for Sayers, 
who went up to Heenan's corner 
and peered into his face with a 
curious, half-puzzled expression, as 
if he too was astounded by the 
effects of his own handiwork. 
Sayers now let no time slip, but 
catching a most formidable blow of 
Heenan's on his right arm, again 
dashed in, and gave in return a still 
worse blow to the American, 
following it up with another, which 
seemed to smash his nose, and 
almost knocked Heenan off his legs 
in turn, so that he required the 
most careful attention from his 
seconds to make him fit for the 
next round. 

The betting now changed again, 
and if Sayers was not a decided 
favourite, there at least seemed 
nothing to choose between the two. 
All the rounds had been long and 
cautiously fought, but tbe hitting 
had been dreadful, and both men 
began to show signs of fatigue, and 
after long sparring in the seventh 
encounter, both paused, rested, 
and at last retired to rinse out their 
mouths, which were very bloody, 
with water. As they came up again 
Sayers at once dashed in and gave 
another terrific blow to Heenan 
which sent the blood pouring down 
over his broad chest, and seemed to 
make his huge form tremble like a 
child’s. Heenan paused for a mo- 
ment and then darted in. but 
Sayers got under his guard, dosed, 
and, after giving him some heavy 
body blows, both fell, Sayers under. 

It had been noticed in the last 
two rounds that Sayers made not 
the least use of his right hand, with 
which in all his previous contests 
he had administered such terrific 
punishment that a full blow from it 
may almost be said to detide the 
fate of a battle. The reason of this 
was now painfully apparent on his 
again stepping into tbe ring. In 
stopping one of Heenan’s tremen- 
dous blows it is supposed that one 
of the bones of his right arm was 
broken. Certain it is that the limb 
was frightfully swollen, and so 
powerless that he could only 
manage to support it across his 
chest. From this time, therefore, 
Sayers fought the rest of the battle 
with his left hand, only seeking 
every opportunity to ease the 
evident pain of the injured limb by 
opening the hand and resting it on 
his chest or ribs. . . 

The scene gradually became one 
of the most intense and brutal 
excitement There were shouts to 
Heenan to keep his antagonist in 
the sun - to close with him and 
smash him, as he had only one arm , 
while tbe friends of Sayers called to 
him to take bis time, as the 
American was fast blinding and 
must give in. The bets were even on 
both men. and then again varied 
with every round. When Sayers 
was knocked down almost sense- 
less under a tremendous blow there 
were cheers from the Americans till 
the fields echoed again, which were 
retorted by the English whenever 
their Champion sent his huge 
opponent reeling back from the 
tremendous blows which were 
always dealt on tbe eyes. 

. . . The police now made a 
determined effort to interfere, 
which those present seemed equal- 
ly determined to prevent, and the 
ropes of the ring having been cut 
the enclosure itself was inundated 
by a dense crowd, which scarcely 
left the combatants six square feet 
to fight in. Umpires, referees, and 
all were overwhelmed, and the 
whole thing became a mere dose 
mob round the two men 
fighting. . . 

Hours not theirs 

From Mr F.G. Bcith 
Sir. i sympathise with Basil 
Boothroyd (April 9) over his 
resentment at the intrusion of a 
sponsor's name before being told 
the British Telecom time. 

I don't like it either, but I And U 
less disturbing than in Jamaica in 
the early fifties, when a local radio 
station broadcast the time round 
the clock by courtesy of a local 
undertaker. I was in hospital at the 
time and very ill. 

Yours truly. 


20 Lindale, 

Wimbledon Park Road. -SW 1 9. 
April 10. 

rot nopcc 

in. ule 


sn- P io 

:o iurce 

- r . 

itliz llM&s tKlDAX AJfKLL lb 1986 







April 1?: Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mother this afternoon 
visited Spnngfields. Spalding, 

Her Majesty travelled in an 
Aircraft of The Queen's Flight. 

Lady Elizabeth Basset and Sir 
Alastair Aird were in 

April 17: The Prince and Prin- 
cess of Wales were entertained 
at luncheon b> His Excellency 
the Japanese .Ambassador and 
Madame Toshio Yamazaki at 
23 Kensington Palace Gardens. 
London. W§. 

Their Royal Highnesses were 
entertained at dinner this eve- 
ning by His Excellency the 
Canadian High Commissioner 
and Mrs McMurtry at 3 Grosve- 
nor Square. London. W1. 

Miss Anne Beckwiih-Smiih, 
Sir John Riddell. Bl. and Mr 
Victor Chapman were in 

The Duke of Gloucester will 
open Costra's new light indus- 
trial offices at Barnwell on April 
25 and later, as President of the 
East Midlands Tourist Board, 
will open the new tourist 
information centre in Oundle. 
N ortha m ptonshi re. 

The Duke of Gloucester. Presi- 
dent of the National .Association 
of Bovs' Clubs, will visit clubs in 

Carlisle and Cumbria on April 
29 and 30 and will attend a 
dinner io marie the golden 
jubilee of ibe Cumbria Associ- 
ation of Boys' Cubs. 

The Duchess of Gloucester. 
Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal 
Army Educational Corps, will 
visit the RAEC Centre at 
Beaconsftcld on April 29. 
Princess Alexandra will open 
Percy Billon Court, the 
Skinners* Company’s new 
homes for the elderly, at Skin- 
ners Lane. Heston, Middlesex, 
on April 30. 

Prince Michael of Kent departs 
for Milan on April 30 to take 
pan in the Mille Mtglia. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. Colo- 
nel -in -Chief of Tbe Queen’s 
Royal Irish Hussars, will attend 
a ceremony to lay up the Old 
Guidon of tbe QRIH at Wind- 
sor Castle on May ]. 

Princess Anne will visit Guern- 
sey on May 3 and 4. 

The Hon Mrs Charles Winn 
gave birth to a son in Harrogate 
on April IS. 

A memorial service for Mrs 
Bony Durand will be held on 
Tuesday. April 29. 19S6. at Lhe 
Temple Church, at 4.45pm. 

A memorial service for Mr 
Derek Seymour will be held in 
Bfoxham School Chapel at 
11.30 am. on Sunday. May (I. 
The address will be given by Mr 
George Stocks. 

Birthdays today 

Mr Roger de Grey. t>S: Mr Alan 
Devereux. 53: Sir Peter 
Hordern. MP. 57; Lord 
Leatherland. $S: Mr Roy Ma- 
son. MP. t?2: the Rev Dominic 
Milroj. OSB. 54: General Sir 
Horatius Murray. S3: Baroness 
Platt of Wriitlc. 63: the Right 
Rev Dr E.J.K. Roberts. 7S: Dr 
EM. Rosser. 60: Major T. 
Tufnell. 6$: Sir Edgar 
Unswonh. SO. 

Service dinner 

Lowland TA & YRA 
Lieutenant-Colonel W.B. Swan. 
Lord Lieutenant of Berwick- 
shire. was entertained at dinner 
by the Chairman's Committee 
of the Lowland Territorial 
Auxiliary and Volunteer Re- 
serve Association at Edinburgh 
Castle last night on completing 
his term as president of the 
association. Colonel C.H.K. 
Corsar, chairman, presided. 

Memorial Service 

Sir John Glubb 

King Husain of Jordan gaxe a 
tribute at a service of thanks- 
giving for Lieutenant-General 
Sir John Glubb held in West- 
minster Abbey yesterday. The 
Lord Mayor of Westminster 
attended and HM Government 
was represented by Mr Timothy 
Eggar, MP. The Right Rev 
Edward Knapp-Fisher offici- 
ated. assisted by the Rev Alan 
LulT. Precentor and SacrisL 
Colonel R.K. Melville read the 
lesson and Mr P.G. Stewart, 
son-in-law. read from “The 
Changing Scenes of Lite” by Sir 
John Glubb. Major-General 
James Luni gave an address. Sir 
John's British and Jordanian 
medals were borne in procession 
by Mr Mubarak Glubb, grand- 
son. and Major Adnan Shehala. 
The Ven W.F. Johnston. Chap- 
lain General to the Forces, 
Canon Donald Carter, the Rev 
VJ. Allard and the Rev N. 
Reade were robed and in the 
Saerarium. Others present 

Lddv Clubb i widow j Mr F Glubb and 
Mr T J M CluBO IHKI Mas Naomi 
Glubb and Mrs P C Stewan idauon- 
iwii. MW J Stewart. MBs- H Stewart. 
Mia L Glubb and Matinpw Glubb 
<<uandctiitdr»nt. M«s J Trevor. Mrs I 
M Slowan . Mr and Mrs A Orchard. 
Mr A Lodge. Mr and Mrs Cllinohaus. 
Mbs D Hanson. Canon and Mrs E 
Every. Mr and Mrs Burnett. Mrs J 

West. Mrs cooic. Mr and Mrs L 
YocVins, Mr C Vocklns. Mr G 

E iUmcou. Mr P Marfell. Miss A 
Urfetl. Mr C Marfell. Miss J Marten. 
Mr and Mrs C Forbes Andrew 
Forbes. Mr and Mrs K Fiona. Miss C 
Fnmli. Mar* and Stuart Flnnis, the 
Rex J and Mrs Bacon 
The Prime Minister ot Jordan, (he 
Jordanian Ambassador, the Com- 
mander-in-chief. Jordanian Forces 
and Mrs Zekf Bln Shaker. Or Sam fr 
Farrai. the Military Attache, the Head 
of Royal Protocol and lhe Head of the 
Royal G uara. 

Mr Julian Amety. MP. Sir John and 
Lady Ackrayd. Sir John Blogs- 
Daxtson. MP. Sir Michael Witford 
(Chairman. Royal Society for Asian 
Affairs*. Sir Cawaln and Lady BefL 
General Sir Hugh Beach. Sir Siewart 
Crawford- Lady Duke. General Str 
Rotand Guy. General sir Chaises 

Brigadier C J C Sherman (president. 
Trans Jordan Frontier Force Assort 
atfon). Mr M HI Us i chairman. Pal 
esune Police Benevolent Fundi. Mr W 
Kelly (director. Ansbacher Admin- 
istration), Mr J Giles (Western From 
Association i. Mr MAH Rcfnfwld 
idiralor. Middle Eos! Modjuuj. Mr 
M E Show i chairman. Anglo Jor- 
danian Society*. Mr f Ross (UK 
national director, International Chrls- 
tian ReflefL Colonel and Alderman G 
D Spratt (Arab Legion Officer's 
Association Committee). Mrs M 
Walsh- Atkins i chairman. Mayfield 
and Five Ashes Conservative branch*. 
Mr Ahmed E H Jaffer (president. 
Pakistan. Arab Cultural Association )- 
Mr and Mrs M P Haniuun iBrtttsh 
School of Archaeology in Jerusalem). 
Mr T Stxand (chairman. Palestine 
Police Old Comrades Association). Mr 
M Berry i principal. Christ Church 
College. Canterbury!. 

Mr J Biellorh. Major-General and 
M« W G Fnrer. Mr John stokeo, MP. 
Mr Carol Mather. MP. Mr H SI J B 
Armilage. the Archdeacon Of Berk- 
shire. Major A C Davidson -Houston. 
Maior General FJC PiggofL Mrs A 8 
Richards. Major General C J Rougler. 
Colonel W A Salmon. Mr W Thesiger. 
Mr M Wynne-Parker. Brigadier and 
Mrs P Young, the v*n C Wltton- 
Daxies and Major-General D B 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr P.F, Johnson 
and the Hon E.M. Buckley 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul Francis, only son 
of the late Mr L- Johnson and of 
Mrs J. Johnson, of 62, 
Allderidge Avenue, Hulk and 
Elizabeth Margaret, elder 
daughter of Lora and Lady 
Wrenbury. of Oldcastle. 
Dallington, Sussex. 

Mr TJ. Hom 
and Miss C.OS- Fraser 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy John, third 
son of Mr and Mrs W.G.G. 
Hunt, of Frog Lane Bam, 
Longbridge Deverill. near War- 
minster. Wiltshire, and 
Consuelo Catherine Sibyl, elder 
daughter of Sir lan Fraser, MC, 
CBE and the late Mrs Anne 
Fraser, of 70 Limerston Street 
London. SW 10. and South Had- 
don Farm. Duivenon. 

Mr A J. Alt 
and Miss CA. Lurie 
The engagement is announced 
between Anthony, son of Mr 
and Mrs Louis Alt. of St John's 
Wood, London, and Catherine, 
daughter of Mr David Lurie and 
of Mrs Lois Behrmann, both of 

Mr J.E. Bakombe 
and .Miss 5-L. Powell 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy, son of Mr and 
Mrs Philip Bakombe. of Lon- 
don. and Stacey -Louise, youn- 
ger daughter of Dr and Mrs 
Arnold Powell, of London. 

Mr AJV1JVI. Barlow 
and Miss A-J. Shiner 
The engagement is announced 
between Alexander Michael 
Maxwell, younger son of Mr and 
Mrs J.S.M. Barlow, of Minshull 
Hall. Nantwtch. Cheshire; and 
Alison Julia, eldest daughter of 
Mr and Mrs D.L. Shiner, of 
Cofdharbour Farm, Sutton, 
Pulborough. Sussex. 

Mr AX. Burke 
and Miss C J. Grogan 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew Lindsay, only 
son of Mr and Mrs J.W. Burke, 
of Uplands. Milford-on-Sea, 
Hampshire, and Clare Jac- 
queline, second daughter of Mr 
and Mrs J.B. Grogan, of Slaney 
Park, Balunglass. Co Wicklow. 

Mr A.C. Oayton-Pajn* 
and Miss GJV. Hoifdb 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, younger son 
of Dr and Mrs BJ. Clayton- 
Payne. of Teignmouth, South 
Devon, and Ghalia. elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs N.A. 
Hafldh, of Kingston upon 
Thames, Surrey. 

Mr LRF. Dalton 
and Miss AJH. Orcott 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Ian, elder son of Mr 
Robert and Dr J.I.F. Dalton, of 
Jordans. Buckinghamshire, and 
Marcena. elder daughter of Dr 
and Mrs R.L. Orcutt. of West 
Hoathly. Sussex. 

Mr DAT. DonaMsoa 
and Miss F.R. Harvey 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between David, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs David E Donaldson, 
of Bninisffeld Gardens. Edin- 
burgh, and Fiona, elder daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mis John W. 
Harvey, of Waterspring, 
Chepstow. Gwent. 

Mr JJ.L Driscoll 
and Miss GJVL Stereos 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan James Law- 
rence, son of Mr and Mrs J. 
Driscoll, of Purfey, Surrey, and 
Gillian Margaret, youngest 
daughter of Mr J.M. Stevens, of 
Stockport. Cheshire, and Mrs 
B.A. Stevens, of Caine, 

Mr TJVL Johns 
and Miss fLE. Rofe 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Tim, elder son of the 
Rev B.T. and Mrs Johns, of 
Roath Vicarage. Cardiff, and 
Katharine, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs B.H. Rofe, of Walion-on- 

Tbaroes. Surrey. 

Mr CR. Lindsay 

and S fg no riaa A.G. Orsha 


Tbe engagement is announced 
between Christopher, elder son 
of Mr and Mrs Colin Lindsay, of 
Ham brook House. Chichester, 
and Anna, daughter of Signor 
Andrea Orsini Baroni and the 
late Altx Luisa Orsini Baroni. of 
Via della Scala. Florence. 

Mr R.M. Fryer 
and Miss HXS. Smith 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, second son of 
Mr and Mrs D. Fryer, of St 
Leonards, Sussex, and Helen, 
eldest daughter of Dr US. Smith, 
of Boston. United States, and 
Mrs M. Scan lan Smith, of Si 

Mr BM. Gordon 
and Miss S. Clatwoithy 
The engagement is announced 
between Bruce Malcolm, only 
son of Mr and Mrs J. Gordon, of 
Kingswood. Surrey, and Su- 
zanne, younger daughter of Mr 
and Mrs D.G. Clatworthy, of 
Reigale. Surrey. 

Mr A.P5tJ. Hewea 
and Miss NX. Macdonald 
The engagement is announced 
between PauL son of the Rev 
John and Mrs Hewes. of 
Hastingleigh. Kent, and Nicola, 
youngest daughter of Professor 
and Mrs Ian Macdonald, of 

Mr D.M. Holmes 
and Miss HJ. Glossop 
The engagement is announced 
between Daniel, elder son of Mr 
J.A. Holmes, of Johannesburg, 
and Mrs I. Bing, of London, and 
Helen, daughter of Mr J.C. 
Glossop. of Broxbourne, 

Captain G.R.W. MacGinnfc. 

and Miss CJA. Platt 
The engagement is announced 
between George, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs Francis MacGtnnis, 
of Chainhursu Kent, and 
Fayence, France, and Clare, 
only daughter of Dr and Mrs 
Hugh Platt, of The Old Rectory, 
Ousden, Newmarket. Suffolk. 

Mr O.G. Mills 
and Miss LXJF. Geib 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Oliver Granville, elder 
son of Mr and Mis Yarnton 
Mills, and Ueselotte Margot 
Friedd. daughter of the late 
Hans Geib and Frau Inge burg 
Geib. of Wiesbaden, West 

Mr P.D. Moor 
and Miss G.E. Stork 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, elder son of the 
Rev David and Mrs Moor, of 
Bournemouth, and Gillian, only 
daughter of Mr and Mis John 
Stark, of North wood. 

Dr N.HLA. Quitman 
and Miss AJVLL. Landers 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, son of Mr 
and Mrs R.D. Gakman. of 
Enfield, Middlesex, and Anne 
Marie, second daughter of Mr 
and Mrs V. Landers, of Brook- 
field, Middlesbrough. 

MrGJfL Pag* 
and Mhs&P. Cutting 
The engagement is announced 
between Grant, son of Mrs J. 
Noble and the late Mr C Rage, 
of Kangaroo Island. South 
Australia, and Sally, daughter of 
Mr and Mis F.A. Cutting, of 
Highcli Re-on-Sea, Dorset. 

MrNJEL Peace _ 

and Miss CM. Watson 

Tbe engagement is announced 
between Nicolas Barrington, 
only son of Mr mid Mis 
Barrington Peace, of Wood 1 
nock. AkJertou Hill, Loughton. 
Fc^ -ir , and Catherine, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mis A-F. 
Watson, of South Woodford. 

Mr JJ). Steele 
a ad Miss M-A. Shepherd 
The engagement is announced 
between Julian, son of tbe late 
Brigadier W.L. Steele. 
Evdick. and of Mrs Mary Steele, 
of Nether Durdie. Pitroddie. 
Perthshire, and Ann. daughter 
of Mr and Mrs A.M. Sheph 
of Or bl is ton. Fochabers, Moray. 

Mr Lit Wood 
and Miss J. Cboper 
The engagement is announced 
between Leslie Robert, eldest 
son of the lace Mr D.P. Wood 
and of Mis AJ-M. Wood, of 
Richmond. Surrey, and Jane, 
eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs 
G. Cooper, of Suiton-on-Sea, 


Sir Godfrey Style 
and Mrs D. McClure 
The marriage took place in 
London, on Thursday, April 17. 
of Sir Godfrey Style and Valerie 
Beauclerk, Mrs .Duncan 

Mr A. Gilbert 
and Miss CA. Peterson 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. April 1Z at Kingston 
upon Thames, Surrey, of Mr 
Adam Gilbert, only son of Dr 
and Mrs Owen Gilbert, of 
Epsom. Surrey, and Miss Cheryl 
Anne Peterson, third daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Keith Peterson, 
of Edmonton. Canada, and 
Canton, China. 

Dr B.Q. Monahan 
and Miss ELA. Broadhorst 
The marriage took place 
Cockermoudt on April 5. I9S6 
between Dr Brian Quemon 
Monahan, eldest son of Mr and 
Mis P.B. Monahan, of Ashton, 
Leominster. Hereford, and Miss 
Eleanor Anne Broadhurst, only 
daughter of Professor P.L and 
Dr Anne Broadhurst. of Great 
Broughton, Cockermouth 

A detail from "Still life with onutges and walnuts*’ by Lois 
Melendez which has just been acquired by lie National 
Gallery Grom Matthiessen Fine Art, the London dealers, for 
an undisclosed price believed to be in the region of £250,000. 
It is the Gallery's first Spanish still life painting. 


Goodman Derrick and Gorapany 
The partners of Goodman Der- 
rick and Company held a recep- 
tion yesterday at Painters* Hall 
to mark the fiftieth anniversary 
of the admission of their senior 
partner. Lord Goodman, CH, to 
the roll of solicitors. Lord 
Goodman’s health was pro- 
posed by Mr Justice Hoffman. 

The guests included: 

Locd Annan, bm Qoundeas of Aren. 
Lord justice Sakontt. Mr Paul 
CJiannon. MP. Mr Winston CJrurcWU. 
MP. aan mj» amretun. land On- 
ntnfl. the Ean an) Countess of 
Droalmla. Sir Mlchail EDwanJet. 
Lora EJwyn-Janeo. CH. and Lady 
Dwyn-Jonn. Sir Matthew Fairer . Mr 
Michael Foot. MP. Lord OOson. Sir 
Nicholas Goodfcmn. Lord Hatbkan or 
si MaryietMme, at, str Peter Hah. the 
Earl and Countess at HamreodL Mr 
Roy HattaWy. MP. Sir Michael 
Havers. QC_ MP. MB' Edxward Heath. 
MP sir NJctiotas Henderson. Mr 
Michael HesetUne. MP. Earl JtdBcoe. 
Mr Roy Jenkins. MP. Banma Lee of 
AslwrWoe- Mr C A 8 Leslie (PnsMent 
of the Law society). Str DavM Naotey. 
Lord Justice New. Sir Patnck NWa. 
QC. Dm Hon Angus oguvy. Vbcmmi 
and Vtscuunless Portmao. Lord 
Raxvtimofi of EwviL QC- Str WiJBani 
‘ rack 



chardson. Sir 

Kenneth ^feohtnsoti. Mr Harman St 
John Sfevas. MP. the E Bit of 
Stockton. OM. Sir tan and Lady 
TreUwwan. trad and Lady WOnn of 
RKvaih and many other Meads and 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

Bonus, UKARXUaGS, 

£4 a Rm> + 15% VAT 

(anQimum t Lines) 
Amtouocnmnis. ruihcnirraJcd by (be 
name and per ma nent address of lhe 
sender nw be sent to 

PO BOR 484 
Virginia Street 
London El 

Of tdeghoned (b) tetephone subsenh- 
ers only) to 01-4W 30X4 
“iniHHj women is can be tecemed by 
(ckphooc between dOOam am 
j tOpm Monday id FRday oo Satur 
day beixcn 9 00am and 12 noon 
101-411 4000 Only). For puMtfs- 
lion the tollawiny day phone by 
1 AtSpsn nWTHCOKKe HUM. 

•turn, WEDOWeS, *c on Own 
and Social Rage £S a Km +■ 15% 

Com and Social Page anoonaev- 
meim can Ml be tec 
tcfcttfxmc Endomcs IO 
9053, or send to t 

Stoat, Laodao El 

O nrsi-*e tne LORD, all yr naiionn. 
oranf film, all it oeotar. 
PMirri U7: 1 


BENN1SON - To Ruth mw Woodward) 
and Tim. on lSlh of April 1996. a 
son Thomas Alexander Jennings. 

FLYNN - To Chrwiopher and Paula, a 
sexenth child. Richard Hugh Jeremy- 
bom in Oxford on lSlh April 1986. 

FORREST on 27 in Feoruary to Jane 
I nee BarUeti) and hUchael. a son. 
James (an. 

nuuwroN - on ioth Apre 1996. to 
Sheila mec Cyv-insfcU and Peter, a 
son. ChrisjoBner Luke. 

HARRIS - To Barbara (nee Sayiei and 
Martin, a beaullfuJ daughter VKiona 
Nicole, bom on lhe 14Ui adtiI 1986. 
a slsier lor Eleanor. 

HASSKmS - On Wednesday Anri) 9. 
in Athens lo Lida and Costas, a 
daughter. Milba Exangelia. 

HTOOLESTON - On April lSlh al lhe 
Middlesex Hoxpual. lo Diana cnee 
Serxxwsi and Jamie, a daughter 
Emma Eiuabeth. a stsler lor Sarah 
and Tom. 

LLOYD on Ann) 16ih 1986 at 
Shrodeib hmialai lo Mayurai inee 
Oshifcawai and Graham, a daughter 
Miyuki Philomena 

OL0CNSURC - On ADD! lhe isu» lo 
Frlcdnch and Belinda, a slsier for 

SOWERBT • On April lhe 1 Slh. lo Jane 
cnee Fcmbacki and Richard, a son. 
James Thomas Richard sedgewlck. 

WHALE - On April 17lh al Town lands 
Hospital Henley an Thames, lo Sue 
inee Howe* and Robert, a daughter 
Chloe Elisabeth, a stsler lor Jamie. 

WILLIAMS - On April 16Ui al Odslory 
HospxAt. la Barbara and John, a 
daughter Harriet Elizabeth Frances, 
a suier for Anlorua. Rachael and 

WINN - On Abril fhc ISh 198(5. to 
Louise, wife of Charles, a son. 

WnWRUMSC -On the Ibfh of April at 
Si Thomas's HospRal. lo Sarah «nee 
Phillips) and John- a son. Henry Ed- 
ward Peter, a brother for Charlotte. 
Harriet and George. 

YATES - To Tessa I Me Darnell and 
James, on the 16th of ApriL a daugh- 
ter Emma 


Natal, on Feb 22. Kereth. Hugh 
Langford Gullbnde. son of Patrick 
and Mary Gudbride. (o MtcheUe 
Frances Mary Mulligan, daughter of 
Frances and the late Eamonn 


BANKART - On April IMh 1986. at 
her home peacefully after a long ill- 
ness. Dorothy (Tut Bankart widow 
oi Paul. G Bankart, and stsier-uvlaw 
of Mrs E. (Billie) Goode. Funeral ser- 
xice at Torouay Cemeniery Chanel. 
Barton Road. Torquay on Tuesday 
April 22nd at 3.30pm. No flowers, 
out donations to Torbay Hospital 
League of Friends wtd be gratefully 
received. e. O Torbay District Funer- 
al Sen. tee. WeUswood. Torquay. 

BETJEMAN • Penelope Valentine 
Hestar Morwenna On the 1 3th of 
April peacefully In the Himalayas, 
having nisi dismounted from her 
horw. Beloved mother Of Paul, and 
Candida and adored grandmother of 
Lucy. Imogen. Endetuon. Lily. Da- 
vid. John. Thomas and TUnoihy. No 
memorial service at her requesL Re- 
quiem Mam to be heM at Blackftiars. 
Si Giles. Oxford at 5.30pm on Satur- 
day the 26th of April. 

CHERRfMCTDN - Philip Much loved 
son of Paul and Bet Cherrtngton and 
brother of Clare, suddenly on l«lh 
April Funeral Morttake Crematori- 
um 2 2.30am Wednesday S3rd Abril 

CLEMENTS Barbara iCtenume). 
Peacefully al Thamesneld Nursing 
Home. Henley on Thames on 13Ui 
April in her 92nd year. Formerly of 
The While Hart. NeitieMd. Oxford- 
shire. Funeral Service at Netdebed 
Parish Church on Monday 2lst April 
at It. 15am. lo be followed by pn- 
x ate cremation. Flowers and 
enquiries lo Tomall n & So n. Henley 
on Thames 104911 573370. 

CROSS > April 16th. peacefully al bw 
daugnters home. Dorothea Mariorte 
i Stalky) aged 89 years. Late of Wood- 
row House. Caw-oon and recently of 
Mangreen Lodge. Widow of 
Laurence Dewar Cross. Funeral ser- 
vice at Sxvalnsthorpe Church. 
Norfolk. Tuesday April 22nd at 
2.30pm. Family flowers only. 

CURLE-On 15U> April 1966 01 home 
in Worcester. PWer Guy Lister. Sec- 
ond Master of the King's School. 
Worcester, beloved husband of Bar- 
bara and father of Tim and Simon. 
Cremation privaie; family flowers 
only, bui donations If desired lo SI 
Richard's Hosnce. 9 Castle Street 
Worcester. Memorial service lo be 

FOWLER - Suddenly in Lewes, on - 
15th of April 1986. James Morgan 
Fowler of HurstpirnxxtiL very dear- 
ly belox-td husband of Nancy and 
loxirxg father Of Judith. David and 
Maniyn and grandpa tpapai of 
James. Jonathan. Henry. Andrew. 
Joanna. Phitiwu and Robert. Private 
family I liberal. Family dowers only. 
Donations In his memory lo Queen 
Elizabeth Foundation for the Dis- 
abled. Leaihertxead. Surrey. Dale for 
a memorial service wiu be an- 
nounced laler. All enquiries, to Frank 
DnvcyitCa. Hwsipterpotnt G32179. 

GARDNER - Oti l*ll) April suddenly. 
James Douglas, husband ot Brenda 
Gardner. Cremation at Gotders 
Green, on Wednesday a3rd April at 
12 noon. No flowers. Pul donebotHi II 
desired lo the cats Protection League 
or Uk British Heart Foundation. 

CORDON -OT) April 16th peacefully at 
Gartnavel General HospHaL Glas- 
gow. Henry (Hall, much loved 
husband of Anne and of use late Do- 
ris Sherwood Gordon, dear father of 
Gavin and Carol. Funeral Service at 
St Simon's R.C Church Parttck Glas- 
gow. qn Monday 2xst April, at 
10.30am and then lb the Glasgow 

HAKEVHLL SMITH - On April 16. 
peacefully. Mator General Sir Ed- 
mund, K.CV.O. CJL. CB.£_ M.C.. 
aged 90. beloved husband, tether 
and grandfather. Funeral in the Cha- 
pel Royal- Hampton Court Palace on 
Friday 25Ui April 1936 at 2.30pm. 
followed by private cremation at 
Randalls Park Crematorium. 
Leatherhead. A memorial service al 
Windsor will take place laler. Flow, 
m and enquiries please to Ftedk. 
Panic. 71 WaHtm Road. East 
Molesey. Surrey. Tet 01-979 S3«l 

of April at Snape Priory, in his Both 
year. Funeral private. Instead of 
flowers, subscriptions lo Suffolk His- 
toric Churches TruM please. iMrs 
R.H. Agate lhe Old Rectory. 
Ctiontsham. Ipswich. t 

IARRAH - in Memory of Adel N Jar- 
rah. who passed away in London on 
9ih March 1986. and was bunco m 

KERSHAW - On April 1 Slh 1986. sud- 
denly Barbara Edith, beloved wife of 
Donald. Service al the Queen's Cha- 
pel of lhe Savoy. Savoy Hill. Strand. 
London, on Tuesday April the 22nd 
ai 2 30pm. followed by private buri- 
al. No flower* please, bui donations 
to Marie Cuw Memorial Founda- 
tion. 28 Belgravr Square. London 
S Wl. w ould be appreciated. 

MASTERMAN on April 16th al 
Warneford Hospital. Leamington 
Soa. Cedric William, dearly loved 
husband « Winifred, dear lather of 
Judith and devoted grandad u> Dan 
lel and Richard. Funeral service at 
the Mid-Warwickstuer crematorium. 
Oakley Wood on Tuesday 22nd April 
ai 1 1 am. Family Bowers only. 

CFBRIEN - Maureen peacefully April 
13th 1986 Sadly missed ov her sis- 
ters. brother, sisters and brothers in- 
law. nieces and neohews. Burial 
service wtu be held al Ac Ion Ceme- 
tery. Pork Royal Road. W3. on 
Monday April 2isL at 10.30 am. In 
lieu of Bowen, donations may be 
mode to the National Ulemat 

PERKIN S - On A pro 1 5th, suddenly at 
home. George Dudley Cwynne of 4 
Victoria Court Ourdham Park. Bris- 
tol. formerly of 63 Neaiherhall 
Gardens. London. Much laved laiher 
of Jennifer and Julio. Cremation ser- 
vice on Tuesday 22nd of April al 
12 20 at Cartf ord Crematorium. 
Ca iiford Lone. Bristol. 

PRYDC - On the 16th of April, peace- 
fully, al home in Melbourne, in his 
90Ui year. Arthur, beloved father of 
Elizabeth and Josephine and grand- 
tulfter of Mibei. Lua and Francis. 
Funeral at Parish Church of St Mark. 
Lower Templestowe. 3107. Mel- 
bourne. Victoria, on Tuesday 22nd 
of April at l pm. Flowers may be sent 
10 the church- 

RfCHAROSON - on April 16th. 1986. 
peacefully In hospital after a short 
illness. Peter, dearly loxed husband 
and father. Requiem Moss at St. 
Mary's Church. Holly Place. NWS 
on April 22nd of 1 1 am (parking fun- 
Uedj. followed by service of Gotoers 
Green Crematorium. Hoop Lane 
NWli at 12 20 pm. Family flowers 
only, but donobans If desuml to The 
Hospice. SL John and St EMznoeut 
HospnaL Grove End Rood NWS 

SHAWE-TAYLOff - On April 15to. 
peacefully In a London Nursing 
Home. Nora Btowe-Tayfor. aged 76, 
only daughter of John and Amy 
Shawe-Tayior. of Caaue-Taytar. 
County Galway. Ireland. Funeral. 
Ham. Wednesday April 23nl. at 
Putney Crematorium- Enouinw to 
Ashton Funeral Service, i T<*) Oi 798 

SMSLETON . On April 15U) 1986. to a 
London HospttaL Leslie Bryan Sin- 
gMon. In ha 78tfi year. Beloved 
husband of Aline and much loved 
steo-faiher of Judy and Salty and 
brother of Ronald. HBda and Eileen. 
Funeral service at Gowers Green 
Crematorium. (West Chapel) an 
Wednesday 23rd April al llJSOam. 
Family flowers only, but donations If 
desired lo Asthma Society, and 
Friends of the Asthma Rese a rc h 
Council, Si Thomas Hospital. Lam- 
beth Palace Road. London. SE1 TEH. 

STEWART on April 14th 1986 Pamela 
Stewart suddenly at home aged Bl 
years. Dear mother of Randal and 
Paul. Service af Burley Parish 
Church, on Wednesday April 23rd at 
12.30pm- followed by private crema- 
tion. Flowers to: C. Lea and Son. 
Funeral Directors. Bransgore. Christ- 
church. Tet «M25f 7224S 

IVWTE • On the i3th of April very 
suddenly and unexpectedly. William 
George, retired Bank Manager of 
Dagenham. Essex- Dear brother of 
Mary and Betty (Son of William Her- 
bert and Maud, both deceased^ 
Service ai Dagenham Parish Church, 
at 3pm on Tuesday (he 22nd of 

YOUNG — suddenly on April 6th. Edflh 
Mignonette Dawson Young, of 21 
Keswick Rood. Putney Cremation at 
Putney Vale on Wednesday 23rd 
April af 1 1.30. Flowers to Mathias, 
d. by 10 a.m. please. 


COLLAR - A Service of Thanksgiving 
for the life and work of Arthur Rod- 
enrk Collar. C-S.E- Emeritus 
professor of Aeronautical Engineer 
tng and former Vice-Chancellor of 
the University Of Bristol, who died on 
12th February 1986. will be held Of 
lhe Calhedral. College Green. Bristol, 
on Tuesday 13Ui May 1986 al 

COLLIER - The memorial service for 
H. Martin Collier of Chartbuo’. Dun- 
lop Malacca and Melbourne wiu be 
held ai me Parish church. Woodford. 
Slock port. Cheshire on Friday April 
251b ! 986 al 2.30pm. Enquiries to 
Obi 039 0650 Or 0742 302123. 

COLLIER ■ The Memorial Service lor 
H Martin Corner oi Charlbury. Dun- 
lop vtaurea and Melbourne wtu be 
held ai the Parish Church. Wood- 
lord- Stockport. Cheshire on Friday. 
April 25111. 1986 al 2 sown. Enqui- 
ries to 061 439 4630 or 0742 

EDWARDS - A Memorial Service lor 
Mrs. Constance Edwards, loud 
Founder of Stonor School. wfH be 
heM in SI. Michael's Church. 
MHksham. at 11.30 sum on Satur- 
day 3isi May. 

MRO. A Service or Thankagning for 
lhe Me and work of Mr. Shilton Web- 
ster -Jones, for 20 years Principal of 
the British School of Osteopathy, win 
be held Ui Uie Church of SL Martin 
In-Uie-Fieftto. London, al 3 00pm, on 
Thursday. 2 a vn April 1986. AH are 
very welcome at the Service and af 
on Informal receptio n tmmediaieiy 
afterwards al the British School of 
Osteopathy. 1-4 Suffolk. Street. SWl. 

SMALL? ACE - There will be a Serv ice 
of Thanksgiving (or Nigel Smollpaqe 
ai VorktniRSter. an Tuesday. May 
i3th ai 12 noon. 


1 CELEBRATE TODAY the life and lhe 
work Of my partner. Gerry Raffles. 
Inr always J-L. 

LLOYD- WILLIAMS Trevor In trea- 
sured and ever loving memory 
18.4.72. Joan 

MYERS * In cherished memory of 
Charles Spencer uuumei Myere, 
Barn in 13. 3. 66 died IB. a. 78. 

Royal Russell 
School, Croydon 

Summer Term started on 
Wednesday, April 16. Rachel 
Jones and Sbeheryar Pestonji 
continue as head prelects. Royal 
Russell day and the summer mil 
will be held on Saturday, July 
12. All ORs and friends of the 
school are welcome. Ball tickets 
are available now. 

Dover College 
Junior School, 

The Governors of Dover Col- 
lege have appointed Mr Nicho- 
las Brodrick to be Headmaster 
of Dover College Junior School 
ai Folkestone on the retirement 
of Mr Richard Rotten bury after 
twenty-nine years’ service. Mr 
Brodnck is at present Head- 
master of Kingsbott School 


Manchester Literary and 
Philosophical Society 
Professor lan Butterworth. Re- 
search Director of lhe European 
Organization for Nuclear Re- 
search, Geneva, delivered 
lecture to members and guests 
of the Manchester Literary and 
Philosophical Society at the 
University of Manchester In- 
stitute of Science and Technol- 
ogy yesterday evening. Tbe 
president of the society. Dr N.P. 
Maffick, was in the chair. 

St Godric’s College 

St Godric's College welcomes 
former students and their es- 
corts to the 1986 Summer Ban 
on May 1 7 at the Royal Oyer- 
Seas League. St James’s. Tick- 
ets. at £18.50. are available from 
the Household Secretary. 2 Ark- 
wright Road. NW3 6AD. Tele- 
phone: 01-435 9831. 


Board of Deputies of British 

Dr Lionel Kopek) wiiz. Presi- 
dent of the Board of Deputies of 
British Jews, and Mrs 
Kopelowitz and honorary offi- 
cers were hosts at a luncheon 
held yesterday at Woburn 
House. Tavistock Square, in 
honour of Lord and Lady 
Wilson of Rievaulx. The guests 

S te Liberian AtnbMMdor. tha Israeli 
tolsire and ConsuLGKaenu. Lara 
cwnanwra. CM. Lord Bernstein. Lara 
Bonamiey. Lora Goodman, CH, Loro 

Grevflte Jannrr. QC. MP. the Chief 
RabbL Sir Stomund and Lady Stenv 
oera. Lady Ftetwr. Mr Stuart Bell. MP. 
Mr ten Mlkardo. MP. Dr Mourior 
Milter. MP. Mrs Rcnae Short. MP. Mr 
D-Jg* Hjgle. MP. and Mr John 


Carmen's Company 
The Chrmen's Company held a 
court dinner at Drapers' Hall 
last night in honour of the Royal 
Corps of Transport when the 
company's sword of honour was 
presented to Mr AJ. Lewis. 

RCT. Mr O. Sunderland. Mas- 
ter. presided, assisted by Alder- 
man Sir Christopher Leaver. 

Junior Warden, and the other 
speakers were Brigadier J.K- 
PitL Major-General D.B.H. 

Coffey and Rear-Admiral RLS. 

Foster Brown. 

Chartered Surveyors' Company ‘ > r,ura » va 
The Chattered Surveyors' Com- ^ r P®f*tion 

Stainers'. Plum bets’ , Tylers’ and 
Bricklayers'. Joiners', 
Plaisterers’. Glaziers' and 
Pav tors' Companies. 
Malveramu Society 
The Speaker attended a dinner 
of the Malvernian Society held 
last night at the Connaught 
Rooms. Mr C.B. Lace, presi- 
dent. was in the chair and o there 

K t included Lord Justice 
w Brown. Mr RuIe 'G 
Chapman, Headmaster of Mal- 
vern College. Mr Peter Temple- 
Morris. MP. Mr D.D. Lindsay 
and Mr M J.W. Rogers. 
Consular Cbrps of Lomkm 
Mr Lawrence Landau. President 
of the Consular Corps of Lon- 
don and Honorary Consul Gen- 
era) of Benin, presided at tbe 
annual dinner held last night at 
the Cafe Royal. Sir Kenneth 
Newman. Commissioner of the 
Metropolitan Police, was the 
guest of honour and others 
present included Mr Stanley 
Martin. Assistant Marshal of the 
Diplomatic Corps. Mr David 
Hopldn. Chief Metropolitan 
Stipe tidary Magistrate, and Mr 
John Harrison. Head of the 
British Consular Service 
Comngsby Club 
Mr Jeffrey Archer was enter- 
tained at dinner at the Carlton 
Club Iasi night by the Coningsby 
Cub. Mr Jonathan Baker was in 
the chair. 

Printers’ Charitable 

pany held its Spnng livery 
dinner at Fishmongers' Hall last 
nighc. The Master. Mr R.W.P. 
Luff, presided and received the 
guests with the Senior Warden. 
Mr M.E. Taylor, and the Junior 
Warden, Mr S.K. Knowles. The 
Dean of Si Paul's and Judge 
Owen. QC. also spoke. The 
guests included the Masters of 
the Barber-Surgeons'. Masons'. 
Wheelwrights'. City of London 
Solicitors' and Chartered 
Accountants' Companies. 
Builders Merchants' Company 
The twenty-fifth anniversary 
dinner of the Builders 
Merchants' Company was held 
last night at Carpenters' Hall. 
Mr J.S. Fauklcr. Master, pre- 
sided. assisted by Mr D.B, 
Wilson. Senior Warden, and Mr 
R.E. Silvester. Junior Warden. 
The other speakers were Colonel 
and Alderman Sir Ronald Gand- 
ner-Thorpe and the Master of 
the Innholders* Company. Oth- 
ers present were Viscount 
Gough. Sir Ralph Perring and 
the Masters of the Paimer- 

The Duke of Atholl. President 
of the Printers' Charitable 
Corporation, presided at the 
annual boxing dinner held last 
night at the Cafe Royal. The 
other speakers were Mr Norman 
Garrod. chairman of council. 
Mr Davy Kaye and Mr David 
Lodge. . Mr Henry Cooper was 
the guest of honour. 

Engineers' Company 
Sir William Barlow. Master of 
the Engineers' Company, as- 
sisted by Mr Trevor Crocker. 
Senior Warden. Mr Robert 
Dunn. Middle Warden, and 
Rear-Admiral Peter 

Hammersley. Junior Warden, 
presided at the court installation 
dinner held last night at 
Plaisterers' Hall. Sir Ronald 
Dearing and Judge Pigoi. QC. 
also spoke. 

Wilkinson Kitnbers 
A dinner, to mark the retire- 
ment of Mr Geoffrey Boyes as 
senior partner, was given by the 
partners of Wilkinson Kimbers 
at the Savoy Hotel on Thursday. 

April 17. 


Architect of modem Fiance 

Robert Marjoto, who died egy rather than piecemeal 
suddenly in Paris on April 15, cA&xay&. 
aged 74, belonged to a group Marjoto 
of brilliant Frenchmen tn tiOflS with the socatha trade 
London with General de unions, having boen a TtBtow 
Gaulle during the war years, disciple ofLeon BttBa;«wwe 
He went OT to become one of Ministry of Economic Anars 
the chief architects of necon- knew bun weR 
st rue ted France, of the He worked as floaty 
Organisation for Economic mng comonssrooer until 1948 <|r. 
Cooperation and Develop- when he left to become first 
ment and of the European Secretary, General outre 
Economic Community. Organisation tor European 

Born on July 27, 191 1, and ^ 

trained as an economist at the 
University of Paris, be was 
quickly noticed as one of tbe 
most gifted minds of his 

He met the original Father 
of Europe, Jean Monnet, in 
London in 194!, and in 2943 
followed him to Algiers via 

to apply the n 
methods to a wider 
. Tbe organi sa lion was foe 
outcome of tbe Marshall Plan, 
devised as General Georgs 
Marshall had announced at 
Harvard in 1947, to prevent 
“The dislocation of the entire 
fabric of the European 
economy”. It later 

ed Nations Relief and Reha- 
bilitation Administration was 
already developing, to supply 
United Slates emergency aid 
to liberated countries. 

Through this field, Maijolin 
had bis first experience of 
international planning. In Par- 
is tbe following year be and 
associates such as Herve 
Alp hand, Etienne Hirsch and 
Rene Mayer - all “London” 
men - worked out a master 
plan for a new France in a new 
Europe, from a baihroom- 
tumed-office in the Hotel 
Bristol near the British 

Later, these unofficial 
schemes took shape in the 
form of France’s first five-year 
plan. For the first time the 
planners consulted together 
with trade unionists, business- 
men and civil servants, all 
being integrally involved but 
none alone being able to 
determine the common 

The idea was partly taken 

nomzc Co-operation and 

Planning for the reconstruc- 
tion of Western Europe be- 
came Mariotin’s chief job 
until be left in 19SS. later to 
share in tire negotiations for 
the Treaty of Rome and foe 
creation of tire European 
Community. He became one 
of its first vice-presidems in 
1958 and remained in Brussels 
until 1967. 

At first, full Of hopes of 
creating a new era for Europe 
and of working towards a 
United Stales of Europe, he 
was biter u> wonder if tbe 
European Economic 
Community’s objectives had 
not been fixed too high. 

He once stood for pariia- 
ment in France and lost. He 4 
returned to leaching at Nancy 
and the Sofboone and wrote 
bodes on economics, notably 
The Economic Crisis ami its 
Interpretations and 
and the United Suites in 
Economic World. He was 
sought after as advisor to 

from the example of Sr ^firms such as IBM and Royal 
Stafford Cripps’s working par- Dutch Petroleum. 

ties of trade unionists, indus- 
trialists and technical experts. 
The French added civil ser- 
vants to tbe team and aimed at 
an overall, coordinated strat- 

Marjolin was commander 
of the Legion of Honour and 
also an. honorary CBE. His 
wife, Dorothy Smith, died in 


Major-General Sir Edmund 
Hake will Smith, KCVO, CB. 
CBE, MC, who served with 
The Royal Scots Fusiliers 
through two world wars, died 
on April 15, aged 90. 

It was in 1957 that HakewjH 
Smith, then Colonel of The 
Royal Scots Fusiliers, and 
Major-General HL. E. Ur* 
quftart. Coload of Tbe High- 
land Light Infantry, were 
involved in an extraordinary 
incident over -the amalgam- 
ation of the two regiments. 

The Royal Scots Fusiliers, 
mainly countrymen recruited 
from Ayrshire, and the High- 
land Light Infantry, towns- 
men loom Glasgow, had 
decided that the wearing of foe 
kilt would be the cornerstone 
of their agreement to amal- 
gamate. The War Office ruled 
that tbe trews should be wren. 

Tbe incident readied such 
as pitch that an exasperated 
Field Marshal Lord Mont- 
gomery of Alamein was led to 
utter at a Scottish dinner that 
both , men should have their 
heads banged together. Hie 
two Colonels were forced to 
resign. Army legend has it that 
Hakewill Smith wore a black 
tie from that day forward. 

Hakewill Smith was born in 
Kimberley, South Africa, on 
March 17, 1S96, and brought 
up in Cape Town by two 

Office as Staff Captain from 

He was a good polo player, 
and was in an unusually good 
regimental team, Ferozepore, 
in tire early 1930s. 

A year on RAF air staff 
duties was followed by a 
return to the War Office as 
deputy assistant adjutant-gen- 
eral from 1938-40. He took 
command of the 4/5 RSF 
from 1940-41 and the 157 
Infentry Battalion the follow- 
ing year. 

Hakewill Smith hadadomi- 
nant personality but won tbe 
respect of the regiment with 
his kindness towards young 
officers under his command. 
Seniority and remoteness 
made no difference to his 
determination to assist those 
in need, and the c a reers of 
several officers were saved or 
enhanced by his rapid 

Raised to tbe rank of Major- 
General in 1942, be was 
Director of Oraanisation at 
the War Office from 1942-43. 
Two more active service com- 
mands followed: the 155 In- 
fantry Battalion throughout 
1943 and the 52nd Lowland 
Division from 1943 until its 
disbandment three years later. 
He was Commander of tbe 
Lowland District from 1946 to 
1949, when be retired. 

After the Second World 

maiden aunts in a house War Hakewill Smith presided 
provided for them by Cedi with scrupulous impartiality 

" * ZtZn. * •_ 

Rhodes, a dose friend of tbe 

Educated at Diocesan Col- 
lege, Cape Town, where he 
was head boy, he was commis- 
sioned into Tire Royal Scots 
Fusiliers as 2nd Lieutenant in 
1915. He served in France, 
where he was twice wounded 
and received Ibe Military 
Cross, and was for a time in 
the 6th Battalion commanded 
by Winston Churchill. 

From 1921-22 he was Aide- 
de-Camp to the Governor of 
Bengal and, from 1927-30. an 
' utant m the 2nd Battalion, 
F. He spent foe . next two 
years at tbe Staff College at 
Quetta, returning to the War 

over a British military court in 
Venice al foe trial of Field- 
Marshal Kessebing, former 
supreme German commander 
in Italy, who was found guilty 
of war crimes. 

Hakewill Smith was created 
CBE in 1944 and CB the 
following year. He was made 
KCVO in 1967. In 1947 he 
went to Oslo to present a 
claymore to the Norwe gian 
Array in commemoration trf 
their comradeship in arm y a rnT 
that same year was awarded 
the Order erf St 01a£ 

From 1951-78 he was Gov- 
ernor of the Military Knights 
of Windsor when, from 1964- 
72, he was also Lieutenant- 
Governor of Windsor Castle. 


The dancer and choreogra- 
pher William Dollar has died, 
aged 78. 

Born in Si Louis, he danced 
with the Philadelphia Opera 
before coming to attention 
from 1936 as a member of 
Balanchine's newly-formed 
American Ballet, where lead- 
ing roles in several wefi- 
kno*m ballets were created for 
him, including Ballet Imperial 
and Concerto Barocco. 

Dollar was the first Joker in 
Stravinsky’s Card Game. 
Amor in Balanchine's cele- 
brated production of Gluck's 
Orpheus and Eurydice at the 
Metropolitan Opera House 
the original Melancholic in 
... rr Temperaments, and 
2j" 2°^ Partner in 
Balanchine s ballets for foe 
film . Goldwyn Follies. 

.JS £ meri «® Ballet The- 

r2?ti° pen !? g 563500 ^ 

1940. Dollar danced Les 
Sylphides and Hari^iin fo 
Carnival, both staged by their 

creator Mikhail SSic 

Dollar’s first attempt at 
choreography, in 1936, was 

i Roland 

7*° *“■ died 
fg™ 81, was a former Deputy 




made at Balanchine's urging . 
to the first and third move- ■ 
moots of Chopin's Second 
Concerto, wifo Balanchine 
mmseir providing the middle 

A revised version of this, 
renamed Constantia, proved 
one of Ms most successful 
works when he turned full- 
time to choreography and 
employment as a ballet master 
m foe 1940s, and he revived it 
several tunes. 

His other best known work 
C 0 ™** 1 *- created for 
Roland Petit’s Ballets de Paris 
aming ibeii* London season in 
1949, and given later in an 
expanded form as The Duel by 
bofo American Ballet Theatre 
and New York City Ballet. 

‘ JJ® 'salved by his wife 
ana professional associate, the 

teL danc " Yvonne 








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*• *5. 

= AW (Channel 4) takes 

i- a familiar theme, tbe plight of 
;i tfjaemptoyed teenagers, and 
■ rammers it into the ground. 
? Its strategy is a relatively 
'* simple oae: auemployineat is 
I,- latta fawn face by associa te 
; ing it with some predictable 
s’ drama, whfle an uncosvindiig 
J story-tine is supposedly re* 
l deemed-, by presenting It as 
' some - kind of statement about 
‘ co&tempmary Brftaxo. The ef> 
feet far oue.of general impreei- 
* s*ott, and last night’* episode 
: in particular seemed to borer 
m the conventionally grey ana 
" of teterision realism. 

„ It was - essentially a soap 
; opera with a social confidence, 

‘ bat this is not necessarily a 
Hftappy combination: there is 
7 nothing wrong with wearing 
your heart on your sleeve, 
although there are in fact 
} better places for that predons 
organ, and this series saves 
only todemonstrate the fimfta- 
tions of television as a medium 
for dramatoing sodal troths. ■ 

- Film on Four (Channel 4 y 
demonstrated another way of 
dealing with such social issues 
in last night's Fellow Travel- 
lers. This was ah Israeli film 
concerned both with the pres- 
ence of Arabs in Isradsnd J 
with the difficulties of those j 
Jewish Israelis who support 
u their claim to setf-detesmina- 1 
tion. Oae sometimes suspects 
that certain films end np in the 1 
Film on Foer category precise- . 
ly becanse they could not be 
shown anywhere else, and no i 
doubt Fellow Travellers would 
under normal circumstances 
attract only a limited audience 
in this country. 

Both was worth seeing, not 
least because of the way in 
which it used the conventions 
of tiie thriQer to suggest 
certain political truths. Ob 
occasions it became slightly 
didactic in emphasis, bat what 
was most surprising was the 
way in which these. Israeli 
{fan-makers evoked a para- 
noic. society which can really 
. accommodate only terrorists 

• or secret poikemen. This may 
not of course be ah entirely 
accurate description (such po- 
litical diagnoses an now very 
fashionable in the cinema} tat 
on th& occasion if did carry a. 
certain conviction. 

Peter Ackroyd 

• The American ontductdr 
John Mauoeri has feeen ap- 
pointed music director' of 
Scottish Opera with effect; 
from August next year. Sir 
Alexander Gibson becomes 
conductor laureate. 

Yon Raizmaa's Private 
Life (right), in the Soviet 
season at the Metro, 

’ exploring the plight of a 
retired factory manager 
with exemplary 
craftsmanship and 
h uman wisdom; and 
(left) a dog 

enthusiastically sampling 
ti>e tempting dessert in 
the infections satire of 
Larry Cohen's Tke Stuff 

r '^Lit 

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own legs 



popular hit 

Kino — Soviet Cinema 


Metro " 

The Man With Two 
Brains (15) 


The Stuff (15). 

Prince Charles ■ 

Fright Night (18) 

Warner West End 

Creepers (18) 

Times Centa Baker Street 

Mixed Blood (18) 

Cannon Oxford Street . 

| The new Metro cinema, just east of 
Piccadilly Circus, is currently pre- - * 
setting Kino — Soviet Cinema Now, a 
highly enterprising two-week season 

with Bine films chang ing dail y If the 

season proves anything about tbe 
climate of current productions it is 
that generalizations are dangerous: 
how can yon pigeon-hole a bead 
scratcher tike . Vadim Abdrashitov's 
. Parade qf the Planets (April 22 and. _ 
28),.. in Which, a group on army 
existence, ffitting from aftowri fall of' 
fematefresazics to * deserted island? 
Tbe most accomphshed fiims, how- . i 
ever,. tend follow established 
conventions -Pttvari ! by the 
Veteran;¥uli. .Rafzman, explores the 
plight of a ^retired" factory manager 
with exemplary craftsmanship and : , 
tinman -wisdom (April 29); while - 
Eldar Shengelaya’s Blue Mountains 
(April 20 and 27) offers a buoyant 


comic treatment of familiar Russian 
ills — bureaucracy, laziness, inef- 

Shengetaya hails from a notable 
family of Georgian film-makers; his 
father Nikolai made his mark in the 
late Twenties and Thirties, while his 
younger brother Georgy directed 
Pirosmani . a visually luscious ac- 
count of the 19th-century Georgian 
painter. Eldar's earlier films have 
leaned towards whimsical fantasy, 
but Blue Mountains roots its exagger- 
ations in precise, sardonic observa- 
tions. The action is set within the 
labyrinthine rooms, corridors and 
stairways of a publishing house in an 
advance state of disrepair. A neo- 
phyte author scatters among the staff 
duplicate copies of his grand work 
“Blue Mountains”, eager for a re- 
sponse. Spring rain follows winter 
. snow; the ceiling cracks grow bigger, 
and tbe staff plough through tbe daily 
round — playing chess, learning 
French from records, argning over the 
posrton of a drab Arctic painting. The 
manuscripts, meanwhile, are lost, 
drenched in water, forgotten: when 
the staff gather to discuss them, no 
one can venture any clear opinion. 

The film's path is dearly laid out 
early on, but Shengetaya keeps the 
journey diverting through constant 
variations on running jokes (like the 
malfunctioning lift) and the lively 
interplay between characters. Among 
tbe admirably controlled cast, 
Teymuraz Cbirgadze. an amateur, 
cuts a particularly delirious figure as 
tbe firm's editor, too busy being busy 
to -get anything done. The film 
.deserves far wider exposure than the 
two days of sc re e nings already 

'‘Leaping lizards T* Sieve Martin • 
cries in The. Man With Two Brains, 
faced with a mad scientist’s Ian- 
housed within a condominium. “Yes, 
we ...have those” replies David 
Warner, just as several rubber lizards 
jump on to the walls. Such is the tone 
and tempo of this extraordinarily 
bizarre comedy, belatedly released in 
Britain after three years. Verbal, 

filmic and gestural clichfcs are gleeful- 
ly put through the mincer, though the 
main subjects for parody remain 
mad-scientist movies like Donovan's 

This might seem overworked com- 
ic territory, but Martin and bis 
director Carl Reiner pull their film 
way beyond the level of simple 
spoofery. Martin is one of the few 
performers who can make his crazi- 
ness seem real, even when he falls in 
love with a brain in ajar, puts a hat on 
it and takes it boating. The film's 
sheer fecundity ultimately leads to a 
structural collapse, but there is so 
much here to be grateful for, from the 
nonsensical fleeting references to 
“England’s greatest one-armed poet” 
to the rampaging sexual allure of the 
co-star, Kathleen Turner. The Man 
MY/ A Two Brains certainly keeps 
audiences on their toes. 

Larry Cohen's The Stuff recalls 
another pan of Hollywood's horrific 
past — those cheap Fifties movies in 
which monsters oozed rather than 
stalked. The stuff in question is a 
delicious yoghurt-like dessert, found 
bubbling from the ground and aggres- 
sively marketed to a susceptible 
nation with the slogan “Enough is 
never enough”. Indeed it is not once 
ingested, the dessert eats up your 
insides, warps the mind and oozes 
from every orifice, ft even erupts 
from a motel pillow, settling, leech- 
like, on the baby face of Michael 
Moriaity, cast as a droll industrial 
spy. Cohen — one of the liveliest 
independent film-makers working in 
America — is aiming his satire at 
some over-familiar targets (fast-food 
culture, the advertising game, indus- 
trial conspiracies), but the film's 
irreverent spirit is most infectious. 

; And bow encouraging to find special 
effects designed for modest charm 
rather than gruelling realism. 

Fright Night bows out with some 
fashionable shocks, yet the bulk of 
this vampire tale is pleasurably 
restrained. The writer-director Tom 
Holland, previously responsible for 
the script of Psycho II, takes great 

delight in updating the vampire's 
image. Instead of Lugosi's sepulchral 
Hungarian, we find a swarthy, polo- 
necked charmer tChns Sarandon) 
who picks up diems on the disco 
floor. The film also pokes fan at the 
horror cult through the character 
played b> Roddy McDowaH — a 
washed-up horror actor summoned 
by the hero to destroy the vampire 
with his prop k-L Barring the Iasi reel. 
Frigh: Sight is delightful. 

Not so Dane Argenio's Creepers, 
in which a crippled Donald Pleasence 
sits enthroned with a Scottish accent 
and a chimpanzee while the young 
heroine sets forth with a super-sleuth 
fly to locate corpses through their 
attendant maggots. Pleasence is swift- 
ly dispatched b$ the butcher at large; 
tke heroine survives: but the fly's fete 
is buried wiLhin the untidy script. 
Survivors of Argenio's earlier work 
will recognize the trade marks: the 
finishing-school setting, the driving 
rock music, the bizarre violence. But 
the march of time and commercial 
success seem to have dulled the 
director’s previous panache: Creepers 
just drags its feet from one absurdity 
to the next 

Our first indication that Mixed 
Blood is peculiar comes when the 
foot-tapping music persists through 
the opening slayings. Then we meet 
Rita La Punte. expatriate queen of 
Brazilian drug-pushers, played by 
Mantia Pera as a combinatin of 
Carmen Miranda and Tod Slaughter. 
The director. Paul Morrissey, a 
former cinema associate of Andy 
Warhol, brings little individual fla- 
vour to the mayhem smeared over 
Manhattan’s meanest streets; but 
when his characters simply talk or 
listen, the screen often simmers with 
offbeat humour. A taste for bad taste 
is a prerequisite for fall enjoyment: 
but Pera is indubitably fanny, wheth- 
er issuing laundry instructions to her 
brood or singing “Tico-Tico” at a 
dan christening. 

Geoff Brown 

Annie Get Your 


This might not seem quite the 
moment fora show turning on 
American prowess with fire- 
arms. even (hough clay pi- 
geons and a solitary seagull arc 
its only casualties and (he 
sharp-shooters at least hit 
what they are aiming aL 

However, five minutes into 
the piece itself, it is clear that 
Chichester has come up with 
the right choice for its silver 
jubilee production: a copper- 
ba nomed popular hit. con- 
taining more famous songs 
than any other musical of the 
century, and a book that 
redoubles their impact. 
Among the joys of the occa- 
sion are to find. say. “The Girl 
That I Marry” coming as the 
climax of a blistering row. and 
“Anything You Can Do I Can 
Do Better” introducing a con- 
test in which one party has 
been rigged to lose. 

Unsurprisingly. Annie Gel 

Your Gun shows some marks 
of the 40 years since its 
Broadway premiere. Action 
holds its breath when the 
Irving Berlin numbers arrive: 
and most of the numbers 
involve an obligatory chorus 
(sometimes in the form of a 
heavenly choir) who deliver a 
literal recap of the foregoing 
solos. But. as these include 
such tunes as “The Sun in the 
Morning” and “You Can't 
Get a Man With a Gun”, it is 
good to hear them twice, not 
to mention such less familiar 
songs as the heroine's hymn to 
illicit liquor in “Moonshine 

As for the book, it is as dear 
now as in 1946 that Herbert 
and Dorothy Fields were on to 
a great subject: namely the 
American uadi lion of con- 
verting history into show- 
business. The replay of the 
Indian wars as a touring 
entertainment starring Buffalo 
Bill and Sitting Bull also gave 
Arthur Kopit the theme for a 
major play in the 1960s. 

Annie compares innocently 
wilh Kopil's Indians, but it 
carries a similar historical 
charge, treats the former ad- 
versaries with equal respect, 
and sums up Broadway's aspi- 
rations to heat the fire under 
the national melting-pot in 
“Showbusiness”, the anthem 
of the American music-hall 

Annie Oakley, the sharp- 
shooting farm girl who joins 
Buffalo Bill's team and out- 
shoots his star marksmen, is 

Sttzi Quatro: a good loser 
for whom shooting comes a 
poor second to love 

also a figure in the 2 nn 2 ls of 
feminism. And. if there is any 
weakness in David Gilmore's 
revival, it is that Suzi Quatro 
tackles the role less pugna- 
ciously than you would expect 
from someone who “shoots 
like a man and looks some- 
thing like a woman”. 

She starts drab and potato- 
faced and winds up in fancy* 
shooting costume with a chest 
full of medals: but shooting 
comes a poor second to her 
love for the masterful Frank 
(Eric Flynn) and she is all too 
ready to play the good loser. 
Theirs, however, is a well-sung 
partnership, which punches 
the narrative across within the 
bland chosen limits. 

There is not much beyond a 
seraphic mane of hair to 
Edmund Hoekridge's Buffalo 
Bill, but Berwick Rater's Sit- 
ting Bull is a performance of 
great charm and fun that 
gradually breaks through his 
unyieldingly grim facial mask. 
Mr Gilmore and Anthony van 
Laast theatricalize the Indian 
dance rituals without triviaiiz- 
i ng them; and Roger Glossop's 
revolving sets resourcefully 
put this difficult stage through 
half a dozen detailed loca- 

Irving Wardle 

• The Shakespeare Road- 
show. a 40-minute frolic orga- 
nized by the Friends of the 
Southwark Globe and the 
International Shakespeare 
Globe Centre, is to tour 
Southwark from April 23 to 
26, in celebration of Shake- 
speare's birthday, with a finale 
in the Shakespeare Globe 
Museum in Bear Gardens. 

> LSO/PIasson 
. Festival Hall/ 

Radio 3 ; . 

. Michel Hasson joined. “I*s 
Grands Maitres Francais” on 
Wednesday night for the pen- 
r ultimate concert of the Royal 
> Philharmonic Society’s series. 
- • His own tireless advocacy of 

the French repertoire met the 
'British tradition of Gallic 
championing, as an English 
o rc h e stra , this time the Lon- 
don Symphony, turned first to 
Chabner and then to a con- 
temporary. composer little 
known in Britain, Jean-Michel 

■ Chabrier first; and it seems 
hardly credible that the pasto- 
ral Prelude, originally linked 
to his Joyeuse Marche, should 







have been played once by the 
Paris Conservatoire Orchestra 
in 1943 then never again until 
Wednesday night It is spar- 
ingly and beautifully designed 
with tender, phrases of irregu- 
lar length avoiding both angle 
and cadence, as .they grow 
rewards the central climax out 
of a purring background of 
timpani, flecked by the harp 
and a serenade of woodwind. 

ft is a perfect foil for the 
March, which Plasson ensured 
lived up re what Poulenc, in a 
memoir of Chabrier, de- 
scribed as the cover-design of 
its first published edition; a 
joyful mid-Lenten crowd, 
coming down the hill of 
Montmartre .. with Basque 

After this; die world pre- 
miere of the Damase Rhapso- 
dy for Horn and Orchestra 
was something of an anticli- 
max. Barry Tuckwell was 
certainly stretched, but the 
orchestra,- and indeed the 
audience; were given too easy 
a time. There was, to be 
honest, more to hold the 

attention in the programme- 
book’s tale of how Barry 
Humphries brought together 
Damase and Tuckwell on a 
blind than there was in 
the elegant but harmonically 
and structurally over-languid 
facility of the orchestral 

The temperature rose again 
with Roussel’s second Bac- 
chus ei Arian Suite. Plasson 
relived the astounding variety 
and originality of tbe ballet jn 
gobbling up its rhythmic com- 
plexity, exploiting the wide 
palette of percussion and en- 
couraging vivid solo charac- 
terization of tbe mythological 
creatures who, at the work's 
centre, invade the dance. 

For Berlioz, the grand mal- 
tre of them all, rehearsal time 
perhaps had beep too short. 
The Symphonie fantastique 
was less tram potent, not due 
. to any aberrant playing but in 
its tendency to soft focus and 
an overall lack of real raison 

Hilary Finch 

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King’s Consort 
| Purcell Room 

The trade of counter-tenor has 
flourished so much since Al- 
fred Defier's era that its high- 
fliers can now afford to 
specialize: Christopher Rob- 
son, for instance, has thrived 
on big stage roles — Julius 
Caesar ana Akhnaten must 
represent the extremities of 
some sort of gamut — while 
Michael Chance has caught 
the ear recently with his lyrical 
singing of sacred works. 

They sank their artistic 

M _ - x ! t_L. 

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■ er, in this programme of tare 
but rewarding Purcell. Blow, 
Couperin and Corelli That, 
though, is hardly surprising, 
for in many works by these 
quirky geniuses the florid 
rhetoric of the stage and the 
profundity of sacred music co- 
exist Moreover, these com- 
posers were usually happiest 
when sening an elegant ode on 
the subject of mankind's mis- 
erable condition and inescap- 
able mortality. 

Here, for instance, was 
Purcell’s Elegy on the Death of 
Queen Mary, with tbe voices 
intertwining jagged melodic 
intervals; or crushed together 
by' Purcell's unmistakable 
chains of discords: From the 
first. Robson and Chance 

displayed impeccable intona- 
tion and expressive tonal 
shading through a formidable 
tessitura, and their diction was 
such that classical scholars 
from the oldest university 
could chuckle knowingly at 
the text’s reference to the 
mourning Oxford students 
“promts ad Istda”. 

They were just as good, too, 
in Blow's Ode on the Death of 
Mr Henry Purcdl, even 
though Blow's relentless word- 
painting, one line at a time 
through 30 lines of Dry den, 
did become tiring. After the 
interval came Francois Cou- 
perin's austere yet compellin 

TinSbres, two solos and a duet 
in which tbe singers displayed 
a sensitive response to the 
Lamentations texts and con- 
siderable stamina. 

• The King’s Consort, unob- 
trusively directed from harpsi- 
chord and organ by Robert 
King, were far better in an 
accompanying role than in the 
one instrumental item. An 
} ?th-ceniury arrangement, en- 
titled Sonata in F, of various 
movements from Corelli’s Op 
6 offered the necessary jolly 
contrast, but its unhappy bal- 
ances and some imperfectly 
tuned recorder-playing also 
contrasted in less desirable 

Richard Morrison 

r ; :iTMEMUSIGC - 1:,- 

s-' x- 




■-£*. : 



r p-L 



Teachers could 
strike if not 
allowed to talk 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

Britain's biggest teachers' 
union made it clear yesterday 
that it would consider re- 
newed strike action in schools 
if it was not speedily admitted 
to talks on long-term pay and 

The threat emerged from a 
meeting of the National Un- 
ion of Teachers executive, 
which decided to call on Lab- 
our MPs to press the Labour- 
controlled local authorin' 
employers to abandon their 
insistence that the union 
should end its current indus- 
trial action before being al- 
lowed into the new negotia- 

The union is Jo compile a 
dossier on unofficial action 
being taken by members of 
other teaching unions which 
are taking part in the talks. 

The NUT is resentful that it 
has been expelled from the 
talks and that the second 
biggest union, the National 
Association of Schoolmas- 
ters/Union of Women Teach- 
ers, is playing the leading pan 
in discussions while some of 
its members are refusing to 
resume so-called voluntary 

It is possible that the NUT 
will get its way. The simple 
political fact is that leading 
Labour politicians on the em- 
ployers* side are standing for 
re-election on May S. and may 
well be sensitive to pressure, 
particularly in areas where the 
constituency committees are 
dominated by teachers. 

Mr Fred Jarvis, general 
secretary of the NUT, said: 
-We ought to be in the Acas 
talks. There is an air of abso- 
lute unreality about them 
without our presence. We 
shall put pressure on local 
authorities at branch level and 
we are expecting a response in 
days rather than weeks." 

• In another significant move 
yesterday the NUT decided to 
put off its threat not to intro- 
duce courses for the new 
GCSE examination until talks 
with the Department of Edu- 
cation and Science over possi- 
ble extra funding are complet- 

In a letter to Sir Keith 
Joseph. Secretary of State for 
Education and Science, pub- 
lished today, bead teachers are 
calling for extra funding for 
the new exam. 

Irish police seek two 
more in kidnap hunt 

Ford. Dublin 

Dublin, with her husband and 
three children as messages of 
goodwill continued to pour in. 

At the Central Remedial 
Ginic where she teaches 
handicapped adults and chil- 
dren. staff and pupils were 
preparing for her return. Two 
pupils from the centre deliv- 
ered a bouquet to her home. 

Relief that the kidnapping 
ended without injuryto Mrs 
Guinness and the pride felt in 
the police’s achievement was 
reflected in the Republic's 
three main newspapers 

Under the headline 
“Success", The Irish Times 
said the force's impressive 
track record on kidnappings 
was of “inestimable value tn 
maintaining confidence in the 
institutions of this slate". 

From Richard 

Detectives in the Irish Re- 
public yesterday questioned 
five men and one woman 
about the .kidnapping of Mrs 
Jennifer Guinness, who spent 
her first fall day of freedom 
relaxing with her family. 

The police detainer two 
men and a woman in raids in 
Dublin after Mrs Guinness 
was freed at the end of a seven- 
and-a-half day ordeal. Three 
men were arrested at the 
house in Waterloo Road, near 
Dublin's city centre, where 
Mrs Guinness had been held. 

A further two members of 
the gang involved in the 
abduction are being hunted 
and police are watching sea 
and air pons. 

Mis Guinness, aged 4£. 
spent yesterday recovering at 
her home in Howth. north of 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Prince of Wales attends 
he fiftieth meeting of the Prince 
jf Wales* Committee. City HalL 
rardiff, 9.40: and later, visits 
he Welsh Training Open Day. 
Boverton Farm. South Glaraor- 
;an. 2.30. 

The Duke of Gloucester visits 
rhe Queen's House. SEI0, 2: 
tnd Ranger’s House. SEIO. 5. 1 5. 

Princess Alexandra visits the 
Royal Postgraduaie Medical 
School. Hammersmith Hos- 
9 iial. W12. 2.30. 

New Exhibitions 

Paintings and drawings of the 
Barbizon School - The John 
riilotson Bequest to the 
Fitzwilliam Museum; Hazlitt, 
Gooden and Fox. 38 Bury Sl 
5W1: Mon lo Fri 10 to 5.30 
[ends May 16). 

Work by members of the 

Royal Society of Painters in 
Water-Colours; Bankside Gal- 
lery. 48 Hopton St, SEl:Tues to 
Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 to 6 (ends May 

People of the Ice: Inuit art 
Ginnel Gallery. Lloyds House. 
16 Lloyd Street, Manchester, 
Mon to Fri 9 to 5.30 (ends May 
8 ). 

Del Afield: A Glasgow Pottery: 
An Gallery and Museum. 
Kelvingrove, Glasgow; Mon to 
Sat 10 to 5. Sun 2 to 5 (ends June 
22 ). 

Exhibitions in Progress 
30 Years On; Three decades 
of major changes in social, 
economic and industrial life in 
Britain; The Design Centre. 28 
Haymarkeu SWl: Mon and 
Tues 10 to 6 , Wed to Sat IO 108 , 
Sun I to 6 (ends May 31). 

Paintings of Afghan Resis- 
tance figmeTs and refugees: 
Thomas Agnew Gallery. Old 
Bond Si. W 1 ; Mon lo Fri 9.30 to 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,023 


I Politician's annoyed ex- 
pression about come-bacx 

(8)- ■ V. 

S Merlin, say, gives blow to 
king (6). 

8 A lot of wine mixed op so in 
large volume (6,4). 

9 Spot one's pony skipping on 
and on (4). 

10 Martyr’s son isn’t a Vero- 
nese gentleman (5,9). 

II Colour design showing 
French town (7). 

13 No point in ruler being in- 
formed (7\ 

15 Pope’s capital new team in- 
cludes many churchmen (7). 

18 Clergyman retains a source 
of energy (7). 

21 Island novelist and boat- 
man (5,3,6). 

22 Tree-ring found in part of 

23 Watch part Mimi had in op- 
era (6,4). 

24 Standard state cut operating 


25 Sort of Jew's harp that's dif- 
ferent, I understand ( 83 - 


1 Old mud's book of the Ital- 
ian binding (7). 

Z Publication united after 
change in size (9). 

3 Invited people connected 
with King Edward (7). 

4 Waterproof gear right in an 
annual horse-race (7). 

5 Trains one awfully poor 
horse (9). 

6 Quiet revision required for 
first examination (7). 

7 Enchanting note carried by 
Oliver Twist, say (7). 

12 Runner's opponent cut out 
before our race (9). 

14 Differences in the pitch ac- 
count for breaks (9). 

16 Deliver an item of news for 
publication (7). 

17 Information makes one 
doubly depressed (3-4). 

18 Did some Bible reading, say, 
in Cornwall (7 )l 

19 A team that's otherwise gets 
Rugby Union upset (7). 

20 Remains in university, in 
lodge (7). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,022 




- SI GJ 






■ 3 : - a 






a a - - 

















a a 





a a 



■ Kinaa 


Human time-bomb attempt frustrated 

Continued from page 2 

Security arrangements for 
El AI flights require that 
passengers have to travel with 
their luggage to the aircraft 
and all luggage is searched 
scrupulously by El Al staff at 
the boarding gate. 

It was that search which 
uncovered the false bottom of 
the holdall which belonged to 
the woman bat is thought to 
have been packed by the Arab. 

As soon as the staff found 
the false area and the explo- 
sives police converged on the 
woman who was handcuffed 
and led away. 

Mr John Barnsley, a pas- 
senger on a flight to Moscow 
which was boarding nearby at 
the same time, said he and 
other passengers were walking 
along the pier when they were 

->V' j : vJ. 

* • ':- iu :• V. - 

He conld see the woman 
surrounded by six policemen 
and guarded Ivy a police dog. 
One officer held her arm and 
she was handcuffed with her 
hands behind her. 

The woman said nothing. 
Some passengers who saw her 
said she appeared dazed or 
shocked and others said she 
seemed totally composed. 

Both the police and the 
British Airports authority said 
they were satisfied that all the 
security procedures at the 
airport had worked correctly. 

Some reports suggested die 
woman had managed to get 
through an initial security 
check on luggage but other 
travellers said there was no 
initial luggage duck apart 
from the check-in p icedorc 
for those flights where this 
was allowed. 

As the woman was taken 
sway to be questioned the 
whole departure area of the 
terminal was evacuated. All 
the passengers on the El Al 
flight were questioned by po- 
lice and security staff . 

The El Al flight left in the 
afternoon and other Israeli 
flights began as well with an 
Israeli security man keeping a 
discreet watch ■ 

Roads leading out of the 
airport were watched by police 
for a sign of the Arab and his 
name was passed by computer 
to all other airlines. 

The bombing may have been 
planned by a Palestinian 
group acting on its own or one 
of the hardline Lebanese orga- 
nizations. Bat snsptdon is 
bound to harden round the fact 
the bombing attempt comes so 

kill three 

Continued front page 2 
time and no one was hurt bar 
the fcaehetr and a&ztt recep- 
tion room were damaged. 

A caller to an international 
news agency in Beirut said: 
"The Organization of Muslim Cl 
Martyrs announces its respon- 
sibility for shelling the house 
of the British Ambassador 
with seven rockets .-this 
morning. " The. roan, who 
spoke Arabic, gave no reason 
for the attack. 

The British dipkanatiepres- 
encein Lebanon is cut to a 
minimum, the diplomats are 
guarded, by British soklkreia 
civilian clothes with machine 
pistols, scad their numbers are 

not disclosed. 

hi tin past month every 
British citizen in Lebanon was 
sent a letter reiterating British 
government policy that Brit- 
ons who did not have pressing £ 
business should leave the 
country. There are ■ now . 
thought to be about 1,000 still 
there, most of them married to 
Lebanese. ' ; ■ 

Ax lunchtime yesterday the 
Christian Radio m east Beirut 

-V uf**' 
rv’ , 



j _ 


The El AI jumbo jet tinder guard at Heathrow yesterday, an d (below) pier t hree a t T erminal One, scene of the drama. 

soon after tbe American attack 
on Libya and tbe dose ties 
between Colonel Gaddafi and 
Arab terrorist groups. 

• JERUSALEM -.The Israeli 
Transport Minisger, Mr 
Chaim Corfu, cabled tbe Sec- 
retary of State for Transport, 

Mr Nicholas Ridley, to ex- 
press Israel's appreciation for 
the "alertness and efficiency" 
of his staff, which “contribut- 
ed to the prevention of the 
possible catastrophe at 
Heathrow airport today" (Da- 
vid Bernstein writes). 

• AMSTERDAM: Police 
mounted a massive security 
check of cars at Schipbol 
Airport yesterday afternoon in 
connection with the earlier 
arrest of the woman in Lon- 
don. according to tbe Dutch 
national police ( AP reports). 


of west Beirut looking for 
Europeans . . 

The aiipori road passes 
through the most notorious 
Sfaia areas and any would-be 
kidnapper of Europeans has 
merriy to waft on that road for 
a victim. 

• ATHENS: Greece caBed off * 
a general alert of its armed * 
forces last night after Colonel 
GadafiFs public reassurances 
that he would not strike at 
countries of southern Europe 
that maintain American bases 
in their territory (Mario 
Modiano writes). 

Mr Ahmet Sfcahati, Libya's 
Deputy Foreign. Minister, flew 
to Athens from Tripoli yester- 
day for talks with Mr Karolos 
Papoulias, the Grade Foreign 
Minister.. He was expected to 
renew the Libyan leader's ■ 
reassurances personally to the 
Greek Government. 

After the American attack 
on Libyan targets last Tues- 
day. the Greek Government 
showed concern for the securi- 
ty of the island of Crete where $ 
the United States and the 
Nato alliance maintain impor- 
tant military bases. 


Concise Crossword page 14 

5.30. Thurs 9.30 to 6.30 (ends 
May 9). 


Recital by Cecilia Romrra 
violin) and Sue Ibsen (piano): 
5t James's, Piccadilly. W l , l . 10. 

Recital by Mary Noyes (so- 
prano). Martha Kingdon Wart 
(clarinet and basset horn) and 
Anne Nunn (piano): Burgh 
House. New EndSq, NW3. 7.30. 

Concert by Bournemouth 
Sinfonietta: Festival Theatre, 
Paignton, 7.30. 

Concert by the Amici -Cham- 
ber Group, Clifton Cathedral, 
Bristol. 8. 

Recital by Hideko Udegawa 
(violin) and Gerald Robbins 
(piano); Nottingham Playhouse. 

Conceit by the Hampshire 
Constabulary Band and Choir 
Rooney Abbey, 7.30. 

Concert by the Burrows Choir 
with Peter White (organ); 
Bishop Street Methodist 
Church. Leicester. 8. 

Food prices 

British and New Zealand 
producers are jointly promoting 
Cox's apples as a year-round 
fruit; the southerners are ex- 
cellent quality, although rather 
more expensive than home 
grown at about 45-55p a lb. 
Other good fruit buys are Cape 
Bariinka grapes 65-90p a lb. 
grapefruit 14-35p each, lemons 
6-1 8p and oranges 6-28p and 
Spanish strawberries at 85p a ib. 

Best vegetable buys are still 
cauliflowers at 40-50p each, 
leeks 40-55pa lb. onions 14-20p. 
and a wide and good selection of 
salad ingredients. 

Cod may be the best fish 
bargain at around £1.73 a lb: 
also haddock £1.76 and whiting 
£1.34, but there are wide re- 
gional variations. 

Beef prices are at their lowest 
fora long time, with continuing 
special offers in many shops and 


London and SouOMMrat A3: OrVy one 
lane southbound to New Maiden at me 
lunettanwith South Lana A217: Resurtac- 
mg m iari> on Brighton Rd at junction mm 
Cftpawad Lane. M2& Roadworks Be- 
tween junction 6 (Ceetherheadl and june 
bon 9 (Vfciey) m dockmse camageway. 

The Udtontft: MS: Only one lane open 
northbound between [unction a 
(Bromsgrore) and uicoon 5 (Drottwtchh 
entry stp roads N and southbound closed 
at junction 5. Ml: Contraflow between 
pmeuon 15 (Oavamry) and puneoon 16 
(No r t n a mp t o n) 

Wtdes and West: MS: Northbound lane 
closures and entry sMp road closed at 
Junction 25 fraunmn^ AS: Smote lane 
traffic controlled by temporary fights at 
Betfwsoa. Gwynedd. A3fc Temporary 
traffic Sghts between Bodmai and Plym- 
outh; raad rewire at Tamar Bridge with 
one lane dosed |9 am to 3 pm and 6 pm to 
8 pm). 

The North: Al (Mfc Contraflow at Barton 
interchange. S at Darlington. AGS: Lane 
Closures at Great Burden to Cumbria 

Scotland: M9: One lane dosed both 
camagew&ys between Crxgtorth and 
Pmat M9Q: Traffic m noth cfiraetions 
reduced to one lane betwen junction 8 
(A9I) and 9 (Bridge of Earn). 


Births; Louis Adolphe Thiers, 
first president <187 1-73) of the 
Third Republic of France. Mar- 
seilles. 1797; 

Deaths: John Foxe. author of 
The Book of Martyrs. London, 
)587; Sir .Ambrose Fleming, 
Sid mouth. Devon. 1945; Albert 
Einstein. Nobel laureate 1921. 
Princeton, New Jersey. 
1955-David Livingstone's re- 
mains were interred in West- 
minster Abbey. 1874. The 
Republic of Ireland Act 1948. 
came into force. 1 949. 

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A depression trill remain slow 
moving over the Ninth Sea as 
Atlantic fronts approach the 

6 am to midnight 

London, BE, eanMS England, Cfcaii- 
Ml (stood* Sumy WBfVBlBandBhwwjj 
Wind NWloMOf nwlerats.- maxwrjp IOC 

bast AngSa, E NHcflands, £ c«U«f N. 
NE England: Euiy misr or fog, moat* 
cloudy, rain a times; wind N moderate; 

H wSSf»lr.»iWEnid«l,UI» 

PtWlSiSffiydry with aunny period; tyrt 
becoming mom cfaudytewr: wind Nagm: 

SW Scot land, 
Glasgow: Beaming cloudy. ( ndn Wen 
wind Md end variable becoming S; mn 
lamp 10C (50a . _ ^ , 

Scotland: Mainly rty with wnny period* 
but bacomfng more ckxxfy Jeter, wind N 
moderate; max tamp 6C (w). „ 

Ararf. NW ScoOf A iortfmm Irnta/Kfc 
Mostly cloudy, outbreaks at rain spread- 
ing from W; wind SBght or moderate; max 
tamp f0C(50F). 

Otfcnay, ShaBamfc MaHy dry with 
sunny periods but becoming more cloudy 
later; wind N Dght or moderate; max wrap 

TC Outt2* far tanonow and Sunday: A* 
areas w« haw powers or longer periods 
ol ram and also some sunny mtarvWa. 
Temperatures wfli do near normal. 

San Maes: 
S3 am 

Son Sate: 

n Moon sets: Moonrtses: 

4.10 am 12X14 pm 
PiU moon: April 24. 

High Tides 


London Bridge 


Axo ta aenft 






Lighting-op time 

London &3Z pm to 527 am 
Bristol 8,41 pm to 5.37 am 
EdMburgti BJ55pmto538am 
HaucIras Otr 1145 pm to 5-31 am 
Panzaaea &50 pm to &52 am 

n-Wue sky: bc-Mue sky and croud: c- 
cioudy: Miwnasc t-fog: d-drtzue: h- 
fialJ: ndsi-mtsc r-raln: aanotv: tn- 
ihimdn flw w: Mbomn. 

Arrows show wind otreetton. wind 
speed trapti) ctrcted. Temperature 

NHtttf Haven 





5£ 8.42 

3.1 9.42 
92 1.38 

2.7 7.10 
8L6 1-23 

4.7 &50 

4 2 8.05 
24 654 

4.1 633 

63 Jj07 

64 1-08 
4.1 1043 
SB 7.01 

600 1.09 448 
650 3.7 722 

43 1.25 























































» 623 




Tide amaaured in metres: loteXamiL 

Around Britain 


Temperatures at midday yesterday: c, 
cloud; t fetor, rain: s, sun. 

C F C F 

Belfast e 541 QMmaay r 54T 

BTmghaa C 846 Inverness c 643 

Blackpool i 643 Jersey c 745 

BrtsnJ r 643 London c 1050 

Canflft e 745 irnchst* c 643 

Edmburflh C 439 Newcastle r 439 

Glasgow c 745 fTnldaiivy c 643 




Sun Ran 


































.bra. in 
73 J02 
0.7 .02 

1-6 .06 
&2 J2D 


C P 

9 48 sunny 
9 48 cloudy 

9 48 showers 
7 45 bright 

26 OS 
5.6 .17 

Top Films 

The top box-office films hi Lon- 

1(2) AbsokitB Begmnere 
Out ol Africa 

1 wttisVfemr 
6(4) Whits Night 

7(5) OOcfcwtte 
8(6) Ran 

9(7) Young Sherlock HoJmes & 
Pyramid Fear 
10(8) Back to trie Future 

Top video rentals 

1 (1 ) Return of the Jodi 

2 (- ) A Nightmare on On Street 
3(2) Police Academy 2: Their 1st 

4(6) RedSonja 
5 (-) A View toe KM 
6(22) Missing In Action 2: The Bb- 

7(3) SeJSsr-sMSions 
8(14) The Care Bears Movie 
9(5 Mask 

10(4) Ramtxr. Rrst Blood 2 

9 48 showers Wham. 

9 48 showers MM; 


8 46 showers Angle* 

8 46 showers Wpoot i 

8 46 bright M»nch« 

8 46 showers NaMtsTmai 

8 46 rain tfcB-o-T yne 


g 48 bright 

9 48 suwy 
9 48 shonmre 

9 4fi ha* 

9 48 showers J5S* 

9 48 showers 

II 58 sunny 
11 52 sunny 

10 SO cloudy 
x x rain 

9 48 

8 48 
10 50 

10 50 

9 48 

9 48 
10 50 
7 45 
5 41 








s hearers 




08 A 
- .13 
4J - 
92 - 

BA . , 
0.6 jOB 
OS .10 

- 1.46 

* - £6 

Thaes ere Wedne sd ay's figures 

3 37 sleet 

4 39 ran 

5 41 stout 
8 4G sunny 
7 45 sunny 

5 41 sumy 

6 43 showers 
5 41 ran 

3 37 riser 
3 37 riser 
S 37 snow 

4 39 sleet 


Parliament today 

Commons (9.30): Cornea! Tis- 
sue BilL report stage. Tobacco 
Products (Sales Restriction) 
Bill, report stage. 

Lords ft 1): Debate on Ubya. 

as a newspaper at 

MIDDAY: e. cloud; 0, drizzle; 
C F 

1 17 63 Cologne 
6 22 72 CrpSm 
S 19 84 Corfu 
f 21 70 DobBn 
MO 50 Dobra* 

* 18 84 Para 
a 30 66 Fl oren ce 



17 63 Lunntog 

4 SEP 

snow-, t Winder. 

Chicago 1 



8 18 84 vSSk . 

e 6 43 RMb'nw 
f 16 61 MericaC 
t U 57 “ 

I 20 68 
f 10 50 

r 13 55 

1 10 50 Munich 
f 18 61 MMrab t 

c 21 70 535S 
*•15 59 H Yorlr* 

8 17 63 Mo* 

S 33 91 Oata 
f 18 64 

8 31 88 

1 20 Wftorih 


i' !SK 


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FT 30 Share 
1401.2 (+21 .6) 


1680.9 (+18.9) 


65 (+0.48) 




13220 (+ 0 . 0190 ) 

W German mark 
33880 (+ 0 . 0047 ) 

76.8 (+ 0 . 4 ) 


Banks poised to cut rates 

official caution 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

cot in bank base rales - £1.262 million - 
appears imminent, despite a 


New quota 
for Opec 

*•+ The Organization of Petro> 
■ m team Exporting Countries as* 
' -v ■ perns to have decided on an 
jf., outpu t quota of 14 m£Qkra 
barreb a day, writes our 
Energy Correspondent. 

V It is expected that the !3 
Opec o3 ministers win agree 
in Geneva today on a new 
system. But it is likely that the 
system win not operate onto 
the third quarter of this year, 
and that h will be ratified at 
Opec’s June ministerial meet- 
ing in Yugoslavia. 

- x . 

** * 

bid expected 

Shares in Samuel Properties 
rose 12p to 222p yesterday, 
amid strong speculation that 
the company is about to 
attract a takeover bid from its 
fast-growing rival, Rosehaugh. 
Samuel is valued at £75 
million in the stock market 

Deal stands 

ADied-Lyons’s £1.26 billion 
agreement to buy Hiram 
Walker Resource's spirits and 
wines division is unaffected 
by the withdrawal of 
TransCanaria’s bid for Hiram, 
according to Allied's adviser. 
Baring Bros. 

UKPI ‘alone’ 

The United Kingdom Prov- 
ident Institution's problems 
are unlikely to be repeated 

elsewhere in the life assurance 
industry, Mr Charles Cavaye, 
chief executive of Scottish 
Widows, said. 

IMI success 


IMFs offer for Martonair 
has been accepted for 9.99 
million ordinary shares, or 
75.9 per cent The cash aher- 
native has dosed, but the 
share offer is extended to April 


Ipeco offer 

signal for caution from the 
Bank of England yesterday 
and figures showing stronger 
than expected economic 
grow th in the United States. 

Interest . rate cuts in France 
and. Sweden and another 
strong rise for the pound 
convinced money market 
undos that the next reduction 
ffl British base rates will take 
place soon. Money market 
interest rates suggest a one 
point reduction from the 
Pjmeat I I per cent level, 
although indications are' that 
the Bank of England would 
prefer to move in half-point 


market shortage, succeeded in 
signalling, albeit gently, that it 
preferred a delay. 

The Bank's tactics, includ- 
ing the offer of gilt sale and 
repurchase agreements matur- 
ing at the end of the month at 
a penal 1 1 per cent interest 
rate, when taken in combina- 
tion with the announcement „ , 

£? i 3 ■a-ss-ss as vss.7 . 


The pound rose by a cent 
against the dollar yesterday, to 

product, temporarily dam p. 
” -■ ‘ !tfc 

The. clearing banks were 
ready to move with base rate 
reductions yesterday morning, 
as the three-month interbank 
rate edged down to around 10 
per cent. But the Bank of 
E n gla nd , in taking out a large 

ened base rate optimism in ; 

But. by the end of the day, 
the three-month interbank 
rate was below 10 per cent 
again, with an early base rate 
cut expected. 

A half-point cat in the US 
discount rate is still generally 
expected, and today's retail 
pare figures is Britain are due 
to show a reduction in the rate 
of inflation to below 4.5 per 

The sterling index rose by 0.4 
points to 76.8. The dollar was 
generally weak, despite the 
ONP figures, falling to 175.5 
against the yen and Dm 2. 22 
against the West German 

French banks cut base rates 
from 10.6 to 10.2 per cent 
yesterday, continuing the 
round of European interest 
rate cuts that has followwd the 
European Monetary System 
realignment two weeks ago. 

In Sweden, the official dis- 

count rate was cut from 8.S5 
to 8 per cent. 

The London money mar- 
kets interpreted comments 
from the Chancellor, Mr Nigel 
Lawson, in a speech to the 
Lombard Association on 
Wednesday evening, to mean 
that lower interest rates are 
possible as long as narrow 
money growth is satisfactory 
and the exchange rate firm. 

The caution show by the 
Bank of England yesterday 
appears to have beat based 
more on the desire to ensure 
that rates proceed downwards 
in an orderly fashion, rather 
than attempting to keep base 
rates unnecessarily high. 

However, there is concern 
in the Bank of England over 
the pace of growth of unit 
wage costs in industry. 

• The US economy expanded 
at a seasonally adjusted annu- 
al rate of 3.2 per cent in the 
first quarter, after taking infla- 
tion into account, the Com- 
merce Department said. 

European trade restrictions 
are illegal, says Baker 

From Richard Owen 

Mr James Baker, the United 
States Treasury Secretary, yes- 
terday assailed the EEC for 
imposing “illegal restrictions'* 
on American exports to Eu- 
rope. These, he claimed, were 
the General Agree- 
ment on Tariffs mid Trade. 

Mr Baker said that the 
removal of "structural 
rigidities” was a prerequisite 
of stronger and more sus- 
tained European growth. But, 
with two weeks to go before 
the Tokyo economic summit, 
he was m bullish mood about 
the prospects for an upturn in 
the Western economies. 

Mr Baker told the opening 
session of the annual ministe- 
rial council of die Organiza- 
tion of European. Co- 
operation and Development 
that there had been a substan- 
tial change fin* the better is the 
world economy because of the 
fill of the dollar mid- the 
dramatic Ading in oil prices, 
and be - believed that- this 

because the accession arrange- 
ments for Spain and Portugal 
were part of the accession 
treaties and could not be 

Mr Richmond Lyng. the US 
Secretary for Agriculture, and 
Mr Frans Andnessen, the EEC 
Agriculture Commissioner, 
are to join the talks in Paris 

Mr Baker said that Europe- 
an- American trade problems 
had to be resolved before they 
erupted into open warfare. 

The thrust of Mr Baker’s 

remarks yesterday concerned 
for econo 

James Baker, “problems 
mast be resolved” 

would benefit the industrial 
nations and the developing 

The EEC-US trade war will 
be discussed at the OECD 
loday by Mr Clayton Yeutter, 
the American trade: represen- 
tative. and Mr Willy de 

Gfcrcq, the EEC Cbmmission- 
erfor External Relations. 

The two sides are hoping to 
defuse the threatened trade 
.war which has arisen over 
American objections to transi- 
tional arrangements for Spain 
and Portugal- These; . Wash- 
ington says, discriminate 
against American agricultural 
exports. ' 

Mrde Oercq yesterday cast 
gloom on the prospects for a 
high-level truce when he told 
reporters that American de- 
mands coukl not be met 

the need for economic growth 
outside the US and the indebt- 
edness of the Third World. 

He said the effect of lower 
oil prices was highly 
favourable, since it lowered 
substantially the import bill of 
both the industrial and the 

developing countries, as wefl 
as reducing inflation and stim- 
ulating growth. 

The American import bill 
should fall by about $18 
billion per year, and the US 
was doing its share to stimu- 
late growth through anti-infla- 
tion policies. 

Mr Baker added that the 
American economy was in its 
fourth year of expansion, and 
be expected 4 per cent real 
growth in 1986, with a moder- 
ate rise in consumption and 
capital investment. 

Ipeco Holdings is seeking a 
Stock Exchange listing via an 
• offer for sale of 8.86 million 
9 shares at I20p. valuing the 
company at £33 million. 

Tempos, page 23 

Offshoot sold 

Brickbonse Dudley has sold 
EW Avent, its Iosstnakmg 
civil engineering company, to 
Pirelli Construction for 
£520,000 in cash. Avent’s 
losses in 1984-85 were 

Heath buy 

CE Heath is to pay £8.5 
million in shares and loan 
stock for Peterborough Data 
processing Services, which 
supplies computer software. 

Dee placing 

Dee Corporation sharehold- 
ers have purchased 52.57 mil- 
lion shares, under the placing 
of Dee shares issued to bay 
Herat an Sporting Goods. 

No dividend 

Blacks Leisure will not be 
paying a dividend on the 10 
per cent cumulative prefer- 
ence shares for the six months 
to April 30. 

to buy 

By Clare Dobie 

: The Bede brothers, Philip 
Aid Clive, chairmen of the| 
construction businesses John 
Mowlem and SGB Group 
respectively, yesterday an- 
nounced plans for a takeover 
by Mowlem of . SGB. The' 
agreed bid" values SGB, 
Britain's largest scaffoldingj 
company, at £170 minion. 

Mr Philip Beck will be 
chairman of tbe combined 
group with Mr Clive Beck 
deputy chairman and joint 
managing director with Mr 
Arthur Chariesworth, who is 
managing ‘ director off 


The terms of Mowlem's 
offer are six shares plus 255p 
cash for seven SGB- shares. 
With Mowlem trading at 396p 
yesterday, down 8p. that val- 
ues each SGB share at 376p. J 
Henry Schroder Wagg, tbe 
merchant bank advising SGB, 
is providing a cash alternative 
which values SGB shares at 
345p each. 

Tempos, page ^3 



1845.61 (-2.36) 

Hew York 
Dow Jongs 

Nikkei Dow — 1548654 (+128,48) 
1812.00 (+20^1} 

: AO 

1216.8 (+14. 

2278.8 (+14.7) 


gESS'L 56621 (• 

SteCAC 368JJ(+0.4] 

llGWSener&l 524.70 (same) 


tondon FcdnsF 






§2?. — ’jssiii 

Hawker SUdetey tLgbi 


Delia Group - - 740 p(j 2 § 3 ) 

Wftams Howmgs 74 °P W 03 *** 


Home Charm 

Harris Queensway — 284p 
Office & Electrode 241 D 
Rank Organisation — 

Powell Duffryn 3l0p(+ 

Christies mt 
Frost Group 



Standard Chartered — . 




: + *pj 

SGB Group 

Matthew Hal — 



a 65 p(+ 37 | 


BP , 

Sank of Scotland 
Hestalr — . 


£ DM35880 
fc FFr10.7810 
£: Yen267.11 
£ mdex:76.8 

Hew Yoric 
£: S15217 
S: DM22280 
$: Index: 116A 

ECU £0.637621 
SDR £0-767217 



Bank Base; 11% . 

S^nonth interbank iMA% 

buying rate 

Prime Rate 9* 

Padarar Funds 6»«% 

3-monm TreasuryBato55&5.83* 

30-year bonds 1Z5%-t2> 9 i« 

Maxwell denies 
being behind bid 


The publisher of theMintH- Demerger offer for h is Extd 

group, Mr Robert Maxwell, 
reacted angrily last night to 
suggestions by the merchant 
bank Kldnwort Benson that 
he was secretly behind the 
£170 million takeover bad by 
tbe Demerger Corporation for 
Exiel, the news and informa- 
tion group. 

Mr Maxwell flatly denied 
that he was connected with the 
underwriting .or-, sub-under- 
writing of the Demerger offer 
for Extel or that he had any 
connection with the setting up 
of Demerger. 

The row broke out after Mr 
Maxwell agreed to accept the 
offer for shares under his 
control, amounting to 1 1.7 per 
cent, which together with 
backing from Mr David 
Stevens’ MIM investment 
group, has increased 
Demerger's chances of vic- 
tory. A spokesman fix' Mr 
Maxwell said : “ All that has 
happened is that Mr Maxwell 
has, as any shareholder has tbe 
right to do, assented to the 


But Mr Alan Brooker. the 
chairman of Extel, responded : 
“ In view of what Mr Maxwell 
says, it ought be helpful all 
round if Demerger provided 
details on exactly who was 
han dling the underwriting and 
the commission arrange- 

The battle took a fresh turn 
yesterday when Demerger 
complained to the Takeover 
Panel that Extel was flouting 
the code by making plans to 
sell its Royds advertising busi- 
ness, which last year contrib- 
uted about 15 per cent of 
group profits. 

At the same time Mr Nicho- 
las Royds. who ran the busi- 
ness until he left the group two 
years ago, agreed to sell his 
small shareholding to 

Mr Brooker said later. “ We 
are quite well aware that if we 
planned to sell RoydS we 
would need the permission of 

in the 

By Onr Economies 

Industrial production in 
Britain is flat, productivity 
growth is slowing and the rise 
in unit labour costs is acceler- 
ating. according to official 
figures released yesterday. 

Output of the production 
industries rose by 1.7 per cent 
between January and Febru- 
ary, to its highest level since 
June 1979. But this in large 
part reflected higher gas and 
electricity output because of 
tbe very cold February weath- 
er, and the trend is leveL 

In the latest three months, 
output was down by 0.5 per 
cent on the previous three. 
Compared with a year earlier, 
output in tbe December-Feb- 

niary period was up by 3.5 per 
oged after 

cent, but was unchanged 
allowing for the effects of the 
miners' strike. 

Manufacturing output rose 
by 0.7 per cent in February, 
but in the latest three months 
was down by 0 _2 per cent on 
the previous three-month pe- 
riod, 2nd up by I per cent on a 
year earlier. The figure for 
January, originally boosted by 
the system ofbias adjustments 
employed by the official statis- 
ticians, was revised down on 
receipt of later information. 

Unit wage and salary costs 
in manufacturing in February 
were 6.9 per cent up on a year 
earlier. In the three months to 
February, they were up by 6.8 
per cent over tbe correspond- 
ing period a year ago, com- 
pared with 6.4 per cent in 

There are signs of an accel- 
eration in tbe rate of growth of 
unit wage costs. For the whole 
of last year, the rise was 6 per 
cent, compared with 3.8 per 
cent in 1984. 

The increase is faster than 
earlier estimated, because of 
new data on employment and 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet. 

Keeping state selloffs 
on the right track 



Chartist quits 

Mr Robin Griffiths, a lead- 
ing chartist with Grieveson 
Grant, the stockbroker, is leav- 
ing to join James Capel, a rival 

Mr Griffiths joins the grow- 
ing band of people who have 
left or are leaving Grieveson 
Grant since its purchase by 
Klein wort Benson, tbe mer- 
chant bank. 

The reason for the depar- 
tures appears to be that staff 
are disenchanted _ with not 
being able 10 share in the offer 
from Klein wort • 

Guinness confident as long 
battle draws to a close 

By Jeremy Warnety Business Correspondent 
The long battle for control of tions will show their hands mg arguments 

Distillers, one of the most 
acrunonkms and fast moving 
takeover fights seen in the 
City, reaches its dimax today 
with Guinness in a command- 
lead over Argyll. 

f war weary direc- 
tors will know their fate 
shortly after 3pm. 

As the 4^-month campaign 
draws to a dose Guinness, the 
board’s favoured bidder. Is 
moving confidently to victory. 
By last night it controlled 
more than 40 per cent of die 
shares - a figure that already 
gnrantees ft against defeat 
Argyll's fast published figure 
was I7J per cent 
There was still a lingering 
hope in the Argyll camp last 
night that the two £2.7 billion 

bids might end in stalemate. 

today. In the end Guinness 
nay receive the land of vote of 
confidence in its case that 
would provide the right branch 
for a group of the size and 
importance Guinness-Distill- 
ers would be. 

For the Distillers’ directors 
the battle for control has been 
a humiliating and deeply em- 
barrassing end to more than a 
decade of . decline in the 
company's share of the world 
spirits market. 

The experience has been 
scarcely less edifying for Mr 
James Gulliver, whose compa- 
ny is going to find it difficult to 
recover from the crushing £30 
million net cost of the fight 

Mr Gulliver's own credibil- 
ity was stretched to tbe limit, 
not least by tbe negative 

before the 


His methodical and convinc- 
ing prosecution 

of tbe 
Guinness case before tbe Of- 
fice of Fair Trading and in the 
courts, where Argyll sought to 
establish an advantage, have 
impressed supporters and 
nestraJs alike. 

Reed International hss ac- 
quired Smiths Containers, a 
Northamptonshire plastic 
moulding manufacturer, for 
£11.2 million. 

Dwek Group has completed 
negotiations, subject to 
shareholders' approval, to ac- 
quire Levring, a manufacturer 
of sports and leisure wear, for 
£1.9 million in cash. 

with neither side able to. nature of his assanlt on the 
muster the SO percent accep- Gomness case. Is contrast, his 
brace level necessary to gain rival Mr Ernest Saunders, 
control. Bat this is looking gained ground by the positive 
increasingly unlikely. and professional approach 

The major investing rostha- Guinness adopted when press- 

Brickhouse Dudley has sold 
EW Avent its lossmaking 
civil engineering company, to 
Pirelli Construction for 
£570,000 in cash. Avent's 
losses In 1984-85 were 

Moore's speech on privaiiza- 
ycsicrday ended ringingly 
enough. "The programme will con- 
tinue until all stale-owned commer- 
cial industries arc relumed to where 
they belong — to the private sector”, 
the Financial Secretary told an 
Institute of International Research 
conference on the subject so close to 
his heart. 

The sceptical will however note 
that Mr Moore has once or twice had 
occasion to make a strong speech on 
the virtues of privatization at mo- 
ments when public approval for the 
programme is turning lukewarm. So 
it is now. 

Suddenly shrinking oil revenues 
have left government finances more 
dependent than ever envisaged on the 
proceeds of asset sales, providing 
incidentally a new dilemma for any 
alternative government not so keen 
on the policy. 

Partly as' a result, perhaps, the 
programme seems to have become 
excessively geared to selling safe 
large-scale monopoly utilities to the 
small investor rather than tackling 
more difficult areas, such as the coal 
mines, which might expect to gain 
less ambiguously by removal from 
the state apparatus. 

Mr Moore is right to rally the 
troops because the benefits of the 
policy are becoming more and more 
obvious as businesses mature in the 
private sector. The process of selling 
to the public has benefited from 
many lessons drawn from the mis- 
takes of the early days. 

But are the priorities right? The 
indefinite postponement of the Brit- 
ish Airways flotation was a great 
disappointment — and not only to 
management and employees (many 
of whom have bonuses locked up in 
special accounts to buy shares on 

It is still not obvious why the 
cancellation suddenly became nec- 
essary. International negotiations do 
indeed present greater uncertainties 
than residual litigation left over from 
the Laker Airways collapse. Inter- 
national airlines are always subject to 
such uncertainties, however. There 
must at least be a suspicion that 
ministers were so inflexibly bent on a 
one-off 100 per cent sale to a mass of 
small investors, that they required 
unduly stringent conditions to make 
British Airways fit the mould. 

Lord King and his managers have 
always taken the view that airlines 
are not like British Telecom. They are 
risk businesses and should only be 
sold to investors aware of those risks. 

The fracas over Land-Rover illus- 
trates another slip in the proper 
perspective on privatization. Em- 
ployee ownership does not seem to 
have had much of a priority at the 
beginning. Mr Moore, in an indirect 
reference, illustrates how this may 
have come about 

“First preference is generally a UK 
public offer for sale with guaranteed 
participation by employees and the 
general public” he explains. “A sale to 
employees holding a major stake is 
often the next best alternative but 

before deciding this, it is important to 
judge where employees' and other 
best interests lie. Some companies 
which we sell may need the shelter of 
a large company if they are to thrive”. 

True, yet in practice, sales to 
employees, not the same as manage- 
ment buyouts, seem to have sunk too 
low in the priority list Mr Moore 
rightly dies the success of National 
Freight and notes that many more 
employees now own shares than at 
the time of privatization. Sadly, litis 
cannot be said of small investors in 
conventional public sales. 

Mr Moore really believes in the 
benefits of privatization as more than 
a cash-raising exercise. He is right to 
defend the programme under fire but 
should also keep more of his own 
colleagues on the right track. 

Under the counter 

The new Stock Exchange proposals 
for a “Third Market” should provide 
a useful vehicle for trading in the 
shares of companies currently quoted 
on the misleadingly termed over-the- 
counter market — conditions nec- 
essary for such a market, notably 
liquidity, are often not there. 

The “Third Market” envisaged in 
the Stock Exchange proposals would 
have some of the missing ingredients, 
as well as a long-overdue proper level 
of regulation. 

It should also provide a missing 
element in the structure of the 
Government's Business Expansion 
Scheme, namely an effective exit 
route. Investors in BES companies 
have to hold on to their shares for at 
least five years to get tax relief. 

After that, they can sell, but a worry 
for investors — which they have not 
had to face because the scheme has 
not run for five years yet — as well as 
for sponsors of BES issues, is whether 
they can find anyone to buy their 
shares at a decent price. 

Very few BES companies will be 
graduating to the Unlisted Securities 

The “Third Market” should also 
have other spinoffs for the BES. It 
should make it easier for decent BES 
issues to raise second-round financ- 
ing from large investors, if there is a 
ready market where they can selL 

There is a suggestion that access to 
the new market will be limited to 
members of the Stock Exchange. This 
is a complete non-starter. 

Members of any self-regulatory 
organization must have access to the 
“Third Market”, otherwise it will 
simply not qualify as a Recognized 
Investment Exchange as defined in 
the Financial Services Bill and the 
document issued by the Securities 
and Investments Board on the day 
the Bill was published. 

The SIB says explicitly in the 
document that Recognized Invest- 
ment Exchanges “will not be able to 
limit their membership to persons 
authorized by a particular SRO”. 
Presumably, when more detailed 
proposals are put forward, the Stock 
Exchange will be making this clear. 




Shire Inns had bought a Lakeland site and the design 
concept for the new hotel they wanted had been started. 

The Lesser Philosophy of Tbtal Responsibility was applied 
to the existing project and, in partnership with Shire Inns, 
we set about putting the various elements together. 

Within the Client’s Brief we were to agree the design, and 
build a new hotel which instantly offered the warmth of 
traditional home comforts. The building was to be in two 
phases- starting with 57 bedrooms and with an 
additional wing to be added later. 

On 29th October 1985, the first paying guests arrived at 
the new North Lakes Gateway Hotel, Penrith. 

They were met by a warm and welcomingatmosphere 
with real charm and character being displayed by 
natural timber beams enhanced with local stone. 

The main features are the huge open fireplaces in the 
reception area and diningroom. 

The Lesser Portfolio of Achievement’ will tell 
you more. 

Please send offforit. 

To Keith Whit ter Esq. Sales & Marketing Director. 
Lesser Design & Build LLd. The Causeway. 
Teddington, Middlesex TV? 11 OHWTel: 01-9778755. 

I would like a warm reception from Lesser. 

Please send me your Portfolio □ 

Please contact me to arrange a talk □ 





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%sv/s iisi 

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40 calls. For those with a bit more chat. 

No matter how loquacious, garrulous, 
voluble or verbose you may be, it s well 
worth talking via a Phonecard phone. 
This way, you can buy your calls in 

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that gives you ten lOp calls. 

For £2 you get twenty, and so on. 

In all, there are five Phonecards. 

100 calk A gift for those with the gab. 

200 calls. If you really zcant to talk Oi 

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in units of 40, 100 and 200. 

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We could of course tell you how 
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how it reports its own faults and how it’s 
far less likely to be out of order. 

But probably the most useful piece of 
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we’re ringing the 



ptmampf AND INDUSTRY: 



Market hopefuls line Loan rate optimism boosts index 

up to make a debut 

The bull market has attracted peared. Sometimes prices 


on the stock market The list Shares in Lee Intonation- 
of new issues now stretches id, the cinema and. stage 
over -. several months and lighting company fannrhrd 
Companies are having to last month, for example, were 
Igok. .early to .avoid offered at J8Qp aSdrose 
(psapomtmem. Some have initially to 187p. But yester- 
Eeet i o icouatged to jom the day they were trading at 

market, now, before the 
Stream of privatizations gets 

Westbuty, which . is the 
largest unquoted 

housebuilder in' the country, 
is one of several buyouts to 
come to the market. 
KJrinwort Benson, the mer- 
chant bank , plans to launch it 
onAprS 29, and it ts expected 
to be valued at between £30 
million and £40 million. This 
is not much more than the 
price put on it a year ago, at 
time of the buyout from 
family owners, which was 
financed by various institu- 
tions including 3i and 

Also due this month is Tip 
Top Drugstores, which 
Cazenove, the broker and 
Klein wort are to the stock 

1 76p, up 2p on the day. The 
discount provides an attrac- 
tive route into the company 
for longterm investors. 


The relationship between air- 
crew fatigue and a ir cr aft safe- 
ty was first highlighted by a 
Ministry of Defence report in 
1968. Ipeco Holdings, which 
at that time was an engineer- 
ing company malting parts 
for the aircraft industry, de- 
signed an aircrew seat influ- 
enced by the findin gs of the 
MOD’S report, and in 1973 
was awarded its first contract 
to supply crew seats to Fok- 
ker. Ipeco now has a turnover 
of £6.3 million and pretax 
profit of O million, of which 
77 per cent is from crew seats. 

Ll Tliiou: 

■On c , 

market this month. Tip Top JJ® company is seeking a 
has 78 stores in the North of rail hsting for its stores on the 
En gland and salami and it London Stock Exchange this 
clearly hemes the runaway tnonth. Of an enlarged share 
success of Underwoods, a ca ojJ a * of 27.6 million, 8.86 
„ London based chain of chem- mijhon shares wffl be offered 
\ hits which came to the market Public at 120p, capital- 

'' by tender last year, isa good J?™® ffoup at £33 mil- 
omen. hon. Of the shares being 

, NM Rothschild is bringing o£fered *r sale, 42. million 
i Combined Lease Finance to new sharo, whit* wiB 
; the market next week and nnDton fra: Ipeco. 

Kleinwort has three other The balance w bar® sol d by 
companies under starters’ or- fo undmg tamOy, who will 

ders. These are Lopex, the retmn control of 68 percent 
public ‘ relations firm. The financial management 
Dalepak Foods and Univer- th ®. company has been 
sal Health Care. conservative, and it comes to 

viiiis i 

Charles Barker, another tmrrfca whh no debt and 
public relations company, is £2-4 milkon ofcash. With fte 

due to be launched by 
Schraders next month at a 
value of about £30 million 
and GT Management, the 
largest British fired manage- 
ment group, is planning a 
summer launch by Baring 
Brothers. GT. which has £3 

new money to be raised, 
Ipeco will have £6.6 million 
fre expanses,' which will be 
in two main areas — crew 
seats arid ah electrically-oper- 
ated aircraft cargo loader. 

Ipeco is heavily concentrat- 
ed in tire rapidly-gnawing 

billion under management, is civil market where it appears 
expected tobave a price tag of . to have over SO per cent of 

I more than £70 mftlion. the - seats market It also 
I- With plenty more compa- expects growth in commuter 
vies to come there is a risk aha corporate jets. It has only 
that prices may have to drop! a . toehold _ in the military 
Pricing is anyway becoming transport side; and the mar- 
more difficult as fire stock. -ket for crew seats in the 
market gyrates and the new fuselage of military aircraft 
boys claim to be different lor radar personnel and simi- 
from any quoted companies - lac. operators is untouched, 
with which they might other- " CSvfl and mifitaiy helicopters 
wise be compared. But the is~.anofh6r area where: Ipeco 
fine judgements involved are has ambitions. 
what merchant banks are Although crew seats are 
paid for. ' .-sold .to manufacturers* the 

Investors are often ; well -, marketing pitch is directed at. 
advised to wait until after a the aixfines, and the cargo 
stock market launch, when loader, a" newly-developed 
the publicity has died down product, wiH be sold directly 
and the stags have disap- to that market where Ipeco’s 

name is already well known 
and respected. Two loaders 
have been sold and three are 
with major operators for 

The shares are being of 
fared on a multiple of 16.2 
rimes earnings, two points 
above the market multiple of 
14.2. The yield is 3.17 per 
cent The company has a 
record of growth in its tradi- 
tional areas of business and 
.has sound financial manage- 
ment Growth in seat sales to 
a wider range of aircraft 
seems assured, and the new 
project will add excitement. 
The issue does not look 

John Mowlem/ 
SGB Group 

Few shareholders can have 
been surprised by the decision 
of John Mowlem and SGB 
Group to get together. The 
two companies, both involved 
in construction, are chaired by 
brothers Philip and Clive Beck 
respectively and the firms 
have been closely associated 
for years. 

There is however some 
mystery about the method 
used to effect the fraternal 
union, in that Mowlem, the 
smaller of the two, is bidding 
for SGB, rather than the other 
way round. 

In all other respects the deal 
makes good sense. First, it 
saves SGB from BET, whose 
bid is still under investigation 
by the Monopolies Commis- 
sion. BET yesterday, however, 
sold 3.2 per cent and condi- 
tionally 1.9 per cent of its 14 
per cent holding in SGB to 
Mowiem's bankers. 

Second, it will more than 
double Mowiem’s equity base 
and so enable it to compete for 
construction work against the 
biggest companies in the in- 

The combined company 
will have a wide spread of 
construction interests taking 
in contracting, housebuilding, 
property development, scaf- 
folding, hire shops and build- 
ing restoration. 

Gearing of the combined 
group will be 70 per cent but 
that is before SGB*s properties 
are revalued. Mowlem plans 
to float part of SGB's hire 
shop business on the Stock 
.Exchange.. _ 

. ' While shareholders in SGB 
should not rush to accept at 
this stage, the share offer looks 
fairly attractive. It values each 
SGB shareat 376p or 14~times: 
prospective earnings on SGB’s 
increased profits forecast for 
this year of £19 million. That 
win result in earnings dilution 
for Mowlem of 10 per cent 


ABN 1180% 

Adam & Company — : — 1180% 

BCCl 1 1180% 

Citibank Samwst 1195% 

Consolidated Ms. 1180% 

Continental Tins* 1180% 

Co-operative Bank 1180% 

0 Hoars & CD 1180% 

LLoyds Bank 1180% 

Nat We stmins te r 1180% 

Rqyal Barit of Scotland — 1180% 

TSB 1180% 

Citibank NA — ,1180% 

t Mortgage Bate Rate. 

Hestair profits leap 

By Richard Lander 

Hestair, the industrial group 
with interests ranging from 
employment bureaux to toys 
and vehicles, yesterday an- 
nounced more-ihan-doubled 
profits. It took the opportuni- 
ty to ask shareholders for 
about £10 million in cash 
through a one-for-three rights 
issue at 125p a store. 

Pretax profits rose from 
£1.4 minion to £3.3 million in 
the year to January 31. The 
final dividend is raised from 
2.075p to 2.325p, and the total 
of 3-825p is expected to be 
increased to 43p this' year, an 
. increase of 7 per cent 

lnt0TX3tioncil irw2Stors incorruTiercial property 


Net Rental Income 
Profit after Taxation 

Earnings per Share 

Value of Investment Properties 

Net Asset Value 



8.61 p 




£283 million £252 million 
£162 raUIion £144 million 

□H.2% increase in net rental income. 

□ 12.0% increase in profit after tax. 

□ 12-6% increase m net asset value. 

an increase of 9-7%. 

□ Valuation surplus on completed and let properties - 

£23 million. . .. 

□ Funds available to finance all current commitments. 


4 Brixton 
A Estate 

Confidence ' . relumed to 
stock markets as hopes of an 
imminent cut in interest rates 
grew stronger. A buoyant Wall 
Street, renewed takeover spec- 
ulation and recent good trad- 
I ing news were other reasons to 
encourage institutional 

The FT 30-share index rose 
21.8 to 1,401.2, with the FT- 
SE 100 climbing 18.9 to 

Government stocks were 
again to the fore, showing rises 
of around £1, exhausting last 
Friday’s • remaining two 
laplets. Leading industrials 
were helped by the Treasury’s 
apparent backtracking on the 
ADR tax plan. 

ICI was sharply up, rising 
34p to 961p, boosted by a 
favourable circular from 
Wood Mackenzie, the brokers. 
The company's first-quarter 
figures are scheduled for next 

Hawker Sidddey continued 
to reflect satisfaction with 
Wednesday’s results, up 32p 
to 609p, with other engineer- 
ing companies also buoyant 
behind the lead of GKN, J4p 
higher at 369p_ 

Cadbury Schweppes attract- 
ed late support at 187p,up9p. 
Electricals to find favour in- 

cluded GEC at !98p and 
Ptessey at 22Sp, both 8p 
higher. Oils were drab, unset- 
tled by the lack of any 
agreement by the Organiza- 
tion of Petroleum Exporting 
Countries. BP lost U p to SSSp 
on reports that the Distillers 
slake was up for sale. 

The Bank of Scotland 
slipped I5p to 4!9p for a 
similar reason. Glaxo shares 
were marked up 25p to 1 !20p, 
still benefiting from the results 
announced last Tuesday. 

Building stores were en- 
couraged by the long-awaited 
bid for SGB Group from John 
Mowlem. SGB dosed 37p 
higher at 365p but Mowlem 
lost 12p to 392 pl Taylor 
Woodrow at 630p, up 14p, and 
RMC, 670p up 32p reflected 

satisfaction with recent state- 
ments. Tarmac, reporting later 
this month, climbed 20p to 

APV at 343p. up !2p and 
Matthew Hall I62p up I6p 
were also helped by recent 
figures, but a surprise £10 
million cash call knocked I5p 
off Hestair at 143p. 

Stores made fresh progress 
on the prospect of cheaper 
mortgages. Revived reports of 
imminent enfranchaiscmeni 
plans stimulated GUS A at 
!055p, up 6Sp. Others to 
move up substantially includ- 
ed Home Charm at 35Sp, 
Harris Qceensway at 284p 
and Want White at 306p, up 
lOpto 16p. 

Elam shares were against 
the trend at 254p, down 4p, as 


Abbott M V pH)p} 

sfinr 1 

Brookmount (lEOp) 
Chancwv Sacs (B3p) 
Cow 9% A 2000 
Cranswick M (95p) 
Diatena P28p) 

Inoco 155ol 
JS PaSoSjy pGOp) 

223 +3 
208 +4 




E32 1 * +'« 

Jarvis Porter (I05p) 
KJeartokJ {11 Bp) 

Use tno (iBOp) 
Lexicon (I15p) 
Macro 4 (105p) 
Merrvaie M (H5p) 
Norank Sys !90p) 
Realty Useful (330p) 
SAC InB (lOOp) 

SPP (125pj 
Templeton (2lSp) 
Sigmex (10ip) 
Snowdon & B (97p) 
Spice {80pl 
Tech Comp (130p) 

176 +2 
134 -1 
152 +1 

121 +1 

Simon & Coates placed 1.5 
million shares in the market at 
just under 2S0p. Staffordshire 
Potteries hardened 5p to 13?p 
on the increased and final 
terms from ColoroU* 4p lower 

Bumper profits lifted H J 
Quick 6p to ?3p and Thomas 
Marshall 9p to lOOp. Laporte 
disappointed the optimists 
with a IVfi per cent profit 
increase. The shares, a firm 
market oflate, gave back I Op 
to 3S3p. OEM climbed 26p to 
241 p on speculative interest 
ahead of next Thursday's 

Rank Organization, dulled 
laic on Wednesday due to 
disappointing profits from the 
Xerox subsidiary, rebounded 
I7p to 554p. 

Underwoods ft80pj 

wefleoma (I20pj 
W York HOSO (90p) 
WSsfces (140p) 


Bensons Crisps N/P 
Greycoat N/P 
HanweHs N/P 
NMW Comp F/P 
Share Drug N/P 
Turner & Nwaii n ip 
Wales F/P 

(issue pace in txeckat^. 

Old takeover targets, Powell 
Dufryn at 3l0p and Christies 
Infernational at 328p. re- 
turned to favour, up 22p anti 
iSp respectively. In mines R» 
Ttnto-Zinc shares were m 
demand, up 22p to 724 p and 
Loorbo rallied 6p to 273p. 
Elbar Industrial advanced 15p 
to 19p awaiting takeover 

Silent Nigh* did well at 5Ip 
up 7p. Birmid at 134p, Delta 
Group at 259p and Renrfd at 
87p improved 6p to 12p on 
bid hopes. IMI celebrated its 
success of the Martonair ac- 
quisition with a 7p rise to 
178p. Expansion-minded W0- 
Ilams Holdings shares were 
2 Op dearer at 740p. 

BICC gained 8p to 868p 
after the annua] report. Apri- 
cot Computers rallied 8p to 
92p, while Amstrad continued 
10 benefit from its US expan- 
sion plans, up I8p to 549p. 

Among mixed banks Stan- 
dard Chartered awaited fresh 
bid neutt, up lOp to 864p. 
Insurances were indecisive 
with General Accident down 
13p to 914p on unconfirmed 
reports of brokers’ profits 
downgrading. Frost Group im- 
proved lOp to 94p on further 
reaction to Wednesday’s 

Posgate alleges P & D 
chiefs ‘less than frank 9 

Woolworth fends off Dixons 

By Alison Eadie 

Solicitors for Mr Ian 
' Posgate, once dubbed 
“GoWfinger" of the Lloyd’s 
insurance market, have writ- 
ten to solicitors acting for 
Posgate & Denby, the under- 
writing agency owned 51 per 
cent by the Posgate family, 
pointing out that the directors 
of P&D have been “markedly 
less than frank” in their 
dealings with P&D names. 

The names received a letter 
this week from P&D telling 
them that the agency will have 
to stop trading after April 30, 
because it cannot renew its 
errors and omissions cover. 
The letter said discussions 
with other managing agencies 
were taking place to find a way 
for names to continue 

The letter from Mr 
Posgate’s solicitors, Stephen- 
son Harwood, says that three 
of P&D directors are connect- 
ed with and at least two have 
shares in Castle Underwriting, 
the agency to which syndicate 

839 - the largest P&D syndi- 
cate — may be sold. One of the 
three is Mr Michael Bassett, 
the P&D managing director. 

In addition syndicate 609 
and a fourth P&D director, Mr 
Mark Denby. are probably 
going to Philip N Christie 
uruferwriting agency, whose 
chairman is Mr Robert 

Rramall the rhainnan of 


Mr Posgate has no objection 
to the sale of the P&D agency, 
but it must be to the highest 

Recently Price Waterhouse. , 
the accountants, valued P&D : 
at £4.7 million, indicating his 
share should be £2.35 milli on- 
It is thought that the syndi- ■ 
cates are being transferred to 
the other agencies for about 
one quarter of that sum. 

The letter to P&D names, 
written by Mr Bramafl, said 
the ruling committee of 
Lloyd’s had approved in prin- 
ciple the transfer arrange- 
ments to other agencies. 

Woolworth Holdings yes- 
terday stepped up its cam- 
paign to remain independent 
in the face of the £1.6 billion 
takeover bid from Dixons, the 
electrical goods retailer. 

Mr Geoffrey Mulcahv, the 
chief executive, dismissed the 
intentions of Mr Stanley 
Kalms, chairman of Dixons, 
to run Woolworth. saying bis 
statements over the last two 
weeks have shown he does not 
understand the business 
Woolworth is in. 

He called Mr Kalms a small 
one- product-area shopkeeper, 
whose past attempts at diver- 

Meiapraxis: Lord 

Batrerworth has joined the 

C E Heath & Co (North 
America): Mr J L Leigh is to 
be an associate director. 

Lloyds Bank: Lord 
Northbourae has become a 
regional director of the bank’s 
south east board. 

Brown Shipley Group: Mr 
R M ManseffJones is to be 

By Alison Eadie 
si fi cation had been less than 

Mr Mulcahy said that the 
Woolworth group had not 
shrunk in the three years since 
the institutional buy-out. Sell- 
ing space had expanded from 
12.7 million square feet to 
14.6 million square feet, with 
I S million square feet sched- 
uled by the end of this year. 

However, he conceded that 
Woolworth stores, as distinct 
from B & Q and Comet, were 
trading out of 7.5 million 
square feet now, compared 
with 9 million square feet 
three years ago. 


the bank's deputy chairman, 
succeeding Mr Peter Tburbin, 
who is to retire. Mr Geoffrey 
Bell is to be joint managing 
director and he wifi also Join 
the board of Brown Shipley 

Northcliffe Newspapers: 
Mr E P Glynn is to be 
advertisement director, suc- 
ceeding Mr R J Harris, who is 
to retire. 

The closures, were due to 
stores being in uneconomic 

Woolworth is not tempted 
to keep it open even though it 
is a stone's throw from the 
headquarters of the Pruden- 
tial, one of the company's 
biggest institutional share- 

Mr Mulcahy also pointed 
out that Woolworth stores* 
profits were declared after 
charging market rent and after 
including rent they contribut- 
ed £60 million lo group profits 
last year against the declared 
£17 million. 

Dixons Group: Mr Anthony 
P Dignmn is to be director of 
corporate planning. 

Weatherall Green & Smith: 
Mr Robert W Foster and Mr 
P Mark Geroht have joined 
the partnership. 

Aquascutum: Mr Stout 
Hollander has joined the 
board as a non-executive 


' The troublesome special ve- 
hicles division — its products 
indude dustcarts and coaches 
— was radically reorganized 
with a site sold and 600 
workers laid off 

The chairman, Mr David 
Hargreaves, said that the reor- 
ganization programme tod 
gone smoothly, but market 
conditions had remained diffi- 
cult in some areas. Hesiair’s 
non-engineering interests 
showed a 27 per cent rise in 
trading profits with the em- 
ployment bureaux division 
having a particularly good 

The Viscount of Arbutiiiofcfcy'CBE DSC, 
nhairman of Scottish Wjkici^ 1 Fuiff! and life* * * * 
Assurance Society, reports oh the&iccess of 19$5. 

interim bonus rates but substantial increases 

New annual ^imniam s for 


- £79,000,000 

In addition Pensions Management (SWF ) 

, , ; .;iimited attiacted well over 100 new clients with 
new aTi rwriWl and single premiums amounting to 
£20M,ahd £109M respectively. 


A gew contract - Lifesaver Plan which is 
.. ffesicafly a low cost life insurance contract 
C offering also the prospect of aretinaj, at the end 
ofaterm, of the total premiums paid -wi&s 

introduced in October: In addition we have • 
.reviewed our terms for ordinary assurance 
/■' contracts and introduced specially favourable 
terms for non-smokers. These changes have 
improved our overall competitiveness arid keep 
the Society firmly among the leading offices 
offering traditional savings and protection 

policies. J" 


In 1985 the Society invested a total of 
£288M of which £157M was in equities 
(£68M overseas), £83M in fixed interest securities 
and £48M in property. . - 

Our subsidiaries, ;P6nsiois Management 
(SWF) Limited and Scottish Widows Unit Funds 
T ,inrited also bad active years with funds invested 
rising to £2,700M and £259M respectively. 


Our Investment Reserves amount to 52% 
of the long term insurance funds. This represents 
a very hi^i proportion of reserves in relation to 
those of our leading competitors. 

No change has been made to the Society’s 

rates for most terms. A 25-year with profits s] 
endowment assarance^ffected on,l Jfebruaiy 
1961byamana^29,subjertt6a monthly / 
premium of £30, paid out a maturity value of 
£43,673 compared with £38,506 a year ago- . 

This represents a net annual rate of return to r 
the policyholder over the 25-year period of 13%, 
ignoring any tax relief which might have been 
available on the premiums and the cost of life 
assurance cover The corresponding maturity 
value fora 10-year endowment assurance was 
£8,321 compared with £7,762 a yeaa , ^o r 
representing a net annual rate of return of 16%. 
These figures keep the Society firxnly among the 
top performers in terms of the results achieved 
for with profits pchcyholders. " 


This year; on 14 February 1986, we launched 
five new Rsgasus Unit Trusts to add to our existing 
Pegasus UK Equity Trust £34M was invested in 
the Trusts during the 6 week founds period. 


All members of the Society’s staff are to be 
thanked for sparing no effort to ensure our 
success in an eventful year with no shortage of -• 
fresh challenges. Throughout the staff there is 8 
real desire to provide a hjgh stahdard of service 
to our poHcyholders, and this spirit is an 
important factor in mamtaiiaing the Society's 
reputation as a progressive and successful ' 

TTikl,it nt] on. c 


The successful foithch of our new Pegasus 
range of Unit Trusts and other major sales 
initiatives give, ns hope that the outcome for 1986 
will be reasonably satisfactory. With an excellent 
record on past results, a well trained and lively 
salesforceplus keen and efficient administrative 
back*up*ihe Society will certainly maintain its 
place among the leaders. 


If you would lib* a copy of the 1385 Report and AgcouM*, pkase write to Scottish VRdows' Fund and Life Assurance Society, FREEPOST, Edinburgh EH16 0NB, 


r) — 

jre ; -2 tl 

■ 3'v 
h his 
- St> 
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New York (Reuter) - V\^ 
Street prices moved higher "i 

early trading yesterday appa^ 

ently in an attempt to impwje 
on Wednesday s record fatso. 

A new report showed the US 
cross national product 
Seasing at a 3.2 per «* 

ajmoaJrate in the first quarter. 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average was op 2.85 to 
i SSi earlv in the session. 


diitagS* by a narg® ®J 

atont sK-to-live on volome of 
abont 25 million shares. ! 

ATT led the actives, on- 
changed at 24^. The comity 
reported sharply higher earo- 
on Wednesday. 



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AusWUja 1M76-1^» 

Canada — ■ — 73025.7^075 

Sweden — . 7^*00-7.1500 

Noway— 83125-63175 

Denrre^ - I -- -: ^ 2^60-2-2 6 00 

West Germany — ^ 1 J870-1M® 

SmtzertWid — — 2^450-2-5470 

Netherlands 7.1900-7-1950 ! 

Franco — l76^5-17t6S 

Japan . — - — — " 1648 jO-1M1^ 

^jWmlCartm) 7.TO40-7.79«1 

Hong Kong i48.Q0-150np 

Portugal — _ i42.85-143.m 

Spa* . 1&B4-15JB5 



Norway — 


VUast Germany -- 

Suntzertand — — 


France — 

japan. — ■ 

Portugal — 


Austria - — 


The prices and nnrt trust 
quotations on tins 
page refer to 
Wednesday’s trading. 


G W joynsen a«d On raport 


FOB 176.0-75.0 1 

May — - — - — - figfru 

Ort-- l87.(Mfi4 


c 060 * 138948 

— "lISPS 

July — 1403-02 


S^==W I 


0FF6E 9999^225 


— 2325-320 


£Lr- — — rT. 2408- 

*arw» 9420- 

ilay. 3 

Kt ... — -- 

— 126.5- 

june ^— — — - 124 ^ 7 . 

5° : 127-0- 

Dec 129.0- 



gg|-”= 121 «■ 

Oct - — — 

NO* — 

1 Dec — 


| — 

omcSalTunwvmflaur ** | 

jasBsa& ! 

l^jJqO WOB * C*»- 1* 4, ,l,POn 


Three morth* ... — 
I VO* 

Tone — — — - — 

iw- 1 

— ■■ — ' T EaNW'l 


foexa- 26BS-^1 


: — _ steady 



“7T. 2408-*00 



ZZ 124.7-24^ 


: 129CKM0 

ZH 131-0-»0 

— ... 279 

„ 131^3,-® 
1993 M2M 
I 11950-19.00 

- 120.92-J^S 

__ I21.00-2fl.ra 

__ 123.00-22.75 
„ 124.00^-00 



I C8Sh ,T7 Zi OTO^Tfll t 

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Vd ... “■ Idle! d 

TOne - — — — - — — ' c 

TW suspended 1 

Cash — -rr~~ ' ^ZZ— — 
Three Months 

— — • z r. 

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LEAD 246.0-2*8-6 

Cash -~—r - — £fjS& 

Three Months — 09OO 

Vol — ZTSteady 

( Tone 

ZINC STAND**® 405*10 
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Throe Months “ ___ pjn 


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Mr mas 18* a 

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MarB7_^~ —-r-- 





1 Mar 87 

US Treasury Band 





Jun 86 — - 

Sep 86 


„ 9120 

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The Guinness offer is unanimously recommended by the Board of Distillers. 

The closing date is today at 3 p.m. 


-Hu, .dv^rti^emcnt oil ^asanablc^ ro ensure rhat ^ is th. case) the information contained m this advertisement is in accordance uith the fens. The Directors of Guinness PLC accept responsibility accordingly 

their knowledge and befeefihavmg ^ of Guinnesbesi Offer and the market value of a Distillers share. The values are based on the middle market pnees at 3.30 p.m. on 17th ApriU9fi6 taken from The Stock Exchange Topic Service. The value of 

The above figure represents the difference ^ die Convertible Preference Share Beaton and dwir resultant pro rata allocation of the Guinness Convertible Preference Shares. The Guinnessbest offer value takes account of an estimate bv Wood Mackenzie &. Co. 

Guinnes&'best Offer assumes aC0e ' 3 ^^^ amJCfflenweXcoL.of the value, based on the Guinness share price, of the Convertible Preforeace Shares. The value of the Convertible Preference Shares is estimated bcause they are not presently quoted 




TTTF ™ jn: * VBSDAY 18 198 — : “ • i-'/vri lirafllPd 

Building societies warnea 

against abuse oJF pq^ 

y Derek Harm us 5&jie lE^ 5 was no safety iSnination of tte n 

..■•M- ■■*■*■ ■*' 



»wn .■•■MO"*' - 


By Derek Harm 

Industrial Editor 
New powers to be «£*"«» 

on balding soae^ 

££V“E5d B ^. * 

According to g 




ei sSStonfiat a conference on seemed to me u» 

ihf^fsu- Gordon »jd that 1 * attempt to 

gfe^i a5gS5J5 pusb.o^l compei^n 


^Gordon Borne: 

of cautkm on chances 

the Competition Aeu"^ 


— T 


after 11% surge m 19»s 

Hu nor Industrial Editor 

nsSsSssSS? -ffite. 

""fes'sar-SH. ii^sas-g 

the cardboard box, many rfUgtntoue ervow every child vre help, however, 

been forced to ran away from nome. ^ many we carft- 

SomTare looking for work, any ^ lr rr,^ n heta even 

9otik tn escape tr 

By Our Industrial Editor 
m*»vmus year, said Mr Arnold 
y^ior, the associaiion chair- 

“ihf^^and wWslq^ “The end of year sarg_^| 

,lffi£7£KS£S SSSlt'&SSrSfe 


record. r wc than 5 period the pre^o^ jear. ^n 

An increase of tesstna* 1 C^rtc mraiiK 27 per ceau 

other off 

queurs, increased by 7.8 per 

the final quarter tiwre 
was a leap in Cognac sates of 



. a i mr cent Other 


• nationale-nede*- 


SSJimb? 4j> per cent to 6014 
ffiTfi (£l58 miH»onrTmaj 
revenue *£2* 


donation to: 

heGniorcea there are irany "* w,, ir — \ 

Some are looking for wo^» ^ . stTntease help ^ *° * ie * p ev ? n Zl 

wnrk. Some are trying to escape | -halhwfbv sending a donation to: 

Hi the decaying inner | 

raping away from | Fre epost, London SE1148R- 

paJS probiemsof U^r o^ I 

Many of those who stay at noi 

A^cQciatson, wnico 

-Wto real tax levels now son 

low^lte year the «*istiy 
toota «f to achieve record 
sales in 1986 . 

fBr , < S t te“wtu r 5fri^ S^ sales remained in the 

^MsSTas'^SSngpm- g — 3B doWnuns. : 



was due to uic iwy™-—. 

'Ll Srg continued to sen — — 

pwarchSectcoming to market 

By JodHh Handey ttmritv 

wi ( Address 

^ Hundre^of thousands of children > -saw*--- 

SSKSSaJSS?- sgaa^^,^ 

The Children’s Society- Needed now more ^ 

j336l tei«iiit£- 


A ROND LV«*“ -mm-— 



S^redjnihthe current mar- 
SSSm TouI djj 
2ed w, 

5:4178 million}, p^* ^ 

£3.19 million (profit^md 

lion}- Uk» P« **““* 33-3p 
MS&uu>- intern at- 



D Y Davies is the find ■ fij™ 

of architects to come to the 
market It is to be teuncbedon 

, Se Unlisted SecuntiesMarfcrt 

with a capitalization of £7.8 
million and a priw-earmngs 
S^of 16- 7 by Cupels 
1 Myers, the stockbrokCT. 

the finntswseU 24.6 ?er 

cent of its equity W *. 
*700000. The money will be 
S to pay for computer 


its erowth rate. Capen^uic 
! Myers is to place 1-25 million 

shares of Sp atl55p wch. 
Dealings are to begin on April 

24 D Y Davies, founded by Mr 
David Davies in 1969, has 
been on acquisition^ 
and it recently set upa project 

c» o? 
airport design. It is 4 «ley^^ 

at Londons Heathrow ah^. 
port, and it is retained by the 

British Airports Authority on 

Terminal 1. __ n 

The companyhop« to sen 


The Middle East arra w 
another target and ^ r 
Davies hopes to buy fk®s ■J® 
Britain to establish national 

npany is forecasting 

The com 

S^Sdlifttp. Tunuwi 

(£8«3 million). 


Sf&iwo (£117.000). Earnings 
pns^e 9.51p (nil)- _ | # 

ntt£Vl: Total dividend for 
%8S “S^qSK One-fbr-ten 
1 - 3 iwc^w nlanned. Turnover 

fS J5mSSia?^ 45 million}. 

n g . ordinary actrvitics 
EEL u*. On million 
^SiSoO). Earnings per share 


if you invested in Argjfl 

inl983, 1984, 1985. 

to Heathrow 

" h--~ 

400 ^ share roc E. FENCE. 


; S^Ssissassssr 


W ^Siv,cr,SAA»teN<.lW*"Sovfl>.«*v- 


..we moke the difference 




November 1983, Argyll’s share price has increased by 157 %. 

Argyll Group PLC. 

CJ1S vv-ixl RosewS«neLLni»l'>n' Y,IRl vt, ’ r ' a 

n IMcr.-'f-rt-'Uncbc*. Tri «M 


RJBU5HIC FV tWUEL MONiafiU 4 CO L,D a £ , S2SS t ,o 1 f wt n ^fWmScSE iw k“mhIS 13 THE ^ 

i iJ-.O^RDUfeLi 

: ---J 




The Argyll Offer values Distillers’ shares at 
717p - 39p more than their market value. 

How to accept the Argyll Offer. 

1. Study the easy-to-follow instructions on 
your Acceptance Form and fill it in. If you do 
not have an Acceptance Form or are in any 
doubt as to the procedure for acceptance, 
please telephone the Argyll Helpline in 
Edinburgh on (031) 556 7761 or (031) 558 1252. 

2. Return your Acceptance Form together 
with your share certificate(s) and/or other 
document(s) of title to The Royal Bank of 
Scotland pic. Registrar’s Department, PO 
Box 86, 34 Fettes Row, Edinburgh EH3 6UU 
or The Royal Bank of Scotland pic. Registrar’s 
Department, 16 Old Broad Street, London 
EC2N 1DL as soon as possible. In any event 
the form must arrive no later than 3pm on 
Friday, April 18th, 1986. 

3 . If you have accepted the Guinness Offer 
and now wish to withdraw, complete and 
return your withdrawal form. Again this must 
be completed and returned no later than 3pm 
on Friday, April 18th, 1986. Should you require 
assistance call the Argyll Helpline for advice. 

4 . Remember. Your Acceptance Form should 
arrive no later than 3pm on Friday, April 18th. 

Argyll Group PLC. 








si rite 
' J ‘* i hit 


hiS C3!T> 
ra! iniL'US 


r.el hopTd 

uk old he 

as ucleor 

an- p lo a 

s - elec- 

to )urccs 

:he Is for 

of !■ 

:\c- -s «re 







is. Mr 
^ while 

■ n “* 










r) - 

- Bo- 
h his 
. St- 
21. on 

y has 

. Ala- 




rides on 
the profit 


By Roger Pearson 

Jimmy Godden in 1974 was a low-key, 
self-taught flat and property convener 
when he heard that two rundown 
amusement anted es in Folkestone were 
on the market He took a gamble and 
with the help of a large bank overdraft, 
bought the pair for £35,000. The gamble 
paid off. 

With re-in ves! mem. further overdrafts 
and ~a burning ambition to reach the 
top", this 40-year old has created one of 
Britain’s biggest privately owned amuse- 
ment empires. 

It includes ownership of a 1 9-acre tract 
of sea front and promenade to the west of 
Folkestone harbour, the lease on the 
prime half-mile stretch of Ramsgate sea 
front, amusement arcades in Folkestone, 
Dover. Ramsgate. Margate and 
Cliftonvjlle and a key interest in the New 

v* *■». - s.^ '-f rr.v 

Jimmy Godden: A b tuning ambition to reach the top with an amusing gamble 


2SE i 




Metro pole flats-and-leisure complex at 1 

His sea-front site at Folkestone houses 
two amusement and catering centres — 
one with a £750.000 price tag was opened 
this Easter and includes a seaside 
amusement park with 12 fairground 
rides and a Sunday market. 

At Ramsgate he also controls the 
major slice of the promenade. He has 
half a dozen big fairground rides and an 
amusement arcade which, with 40.000 
square feet of floor space, rates as one of 
the largest arcades in the country. He 
bought the lease on the Ramsgate site 
from Pleasurama in 1982. 

Overall, his empire — which be values 
at “a few million pounds’* — has more 
than 2.000 amusement machines. At the 
height of the summer season it provides 

B R Six big investor organisations have 
joined up in the Cardin Consortium to 
offer venture capital in amounts from 
£100.000 upwards. It provides a one-stop 
shop for entrepreneurs seeking 
backing and could mean the emergence 
of this part of Wales as a financial 
services centre, according to the Welsh 

employment for 160. Even in winter the 
work force never drops below 40. 

The purchase of the original two 
arcades in 1974 was followed by his 
£100,000 buy-out of family interests in 
the Rotunda amusement complex. This 
forms the hub of bis Folkestone sea-front 
operaiion.The 19-acre, sea-front tract at 
Folkestone was bought five years ago. 
The site value is now estimated at 
several million pounds. 

In his first year, turnover was 
£100,000. The aim is to top £2 million a 
year of turnover, with most of the 
income coming front machines. 

Mr Godden is proud of his creation. 
“Ifs been built from nothing," he says. 
"It has involved large reinvestment with 
virtually everything being ploughed back 
in for further expansion. 





8,000 sq. ft each 





I ML lit' 1-0 Cl 1 A PI 1 N 

7 Upper Groavenor St., London WlX 

01-493 5421 

Krtctoarfewd be»i*fiTarcJsorf 0®®^*“** 
ef fl*njostiereri3y dewta^tawaaiwao foag. see 

fafritTi r ‘ 

“Once, clients tried to impress me with 

a huge budget - now it's a huge 

Partly because of the difficulty in getting 
jobs in British industry’ - especially with 
furniture and textile manufacturers - 
increasing numbers of Britain's young 
designers are setting up their own 

To help Britain's 1986 graduating 
designers who want to set op iu business, 
a new and somewhat experimental 
‘Young Designers Business Conference’ 
is being held at the Royal Institute of 
British Architects, 66 Portland Place, 
London Wl, on Jtdy 17. 

The aim is to give advice on setting up 
in business, including patents, promo- 
tion, marketi ng and exporting. It will 
also create the opportunity for designers, 
manufa cturers and tutors to meet and 
discuss the best of Britain's graduating 
design talent in interior decoration, 
which will be on public view at The 
House & Garden Magazine Young 

Development Agency, one of the six. 
The others are Charterhouse Japhet 
Venture Fund. Development Capital 
Group. English Trust Company. Venture 
Link and Welsh Venture Capital Fund. 
Projects backed will not be confined to 
Wales. The Consortium is. looking .for _ „ 
them in both manufacturing and 
service sectors from start-ups to 
company expansion and management 

Contact: Cardiff Consortium. Pearl 

represented at a new trade lair to be 
held in Liverpool to interest commercial 
buyers and the public in the products 
and services on offer from the young 
entrepreneurs. The fair, called Lift Off, 
will be held at the Britannia Adel phi Hotel, 
over three days starting on Tuesday, 
June 17, coordinated by the Toxtetn- 
based Into Business Project which 
aims to channel youngsters with no jobs 
into starting their own businesses. 
ArhChg -sectors covered win be 
precision engineering, infra-red 
photography, specialist pet supplies, 
interior landscaping, construction trades 

Contact: Cardiff Consortium. Pearl and furniture-making. 

House. Greyfriars Road. Cardiff CF1 3XX; Contact Into Business Project New 
phone (0222) 378531. Enterprise Workshops. South West 

■ Sixty small businesses set up by ®wsj*tokDBek 
under-2 5s from Merseyside will be L3 4AR; phone (051) 708 0952. 

Designers canvas 
their talent 

Designers Exhibition, also at the RIBA 
on July 17. 18 and 21 (10am to 5pm). 

The Conference is sponsored by 
Arthur Young, the accountants, and 
National Westminster Bank and is being 
held in association with the House & 
Garden Young Designers Scheme. This 
Scheme (run in association with IDDA 
Decorex, the Interior Decorators and 
Designers Association’s annual trade 
fair), is now in its third year. It aims to 
bridge the gap between graduating 
designers in interior design - textiles, 
furniture, lighting, wall coverings, floor 
coverings and tableware - and British 

There is £5,000 in prizes on offer, and 

for the first tune this year the City is tak- 
ing an interest, with three livery compa- 
nies, the Goldsmiths, the Paioter- 
Stainers and the F ur n i ture Makers, each 
making special awards. 

Highlights of the conference will be a 
talk by Priscilla Carlncrio (director of 
product development for Habitat. Heals, 
Conrans and the Conran Shop), and a 
panel session, to be chaired by Keith 
Grant, Director of the Design Council, 
will indode Eddie Squires, Design 
Director of Warner Fabrics, Michael 
Meyer, MD of Emess Lighting Pic, 
Joseph Ettedgaie of Joseph shops and 
Stevie Stewart and David Holah of Body 
Map. - the last, a successful fashion 
business started by two young graduates 
who in two years achieved a £tm annual 

Contact; Deborah Jones at Arthur Yoang 
01-831 77130. 




THE TESCH GROUP, a- leading 
European Manufacturer of control 
and instrumentation products, seeks 
to establish a UK Agency, for their 
extensive range of Programmable 
Controllers. This “State Of The Art’’ 
range will be of interest to compa- 
nies having existing P.C expertise, 
now wishing to expand their activi- 
ties in the fast growing UK markets. 

Please write with full background tor. 

The Managing Director 
Techaa International Ltd 
ParkviUe House 
Bridge Street 

Middx BAS 3JP 
(01-868 8802) 

Your complimentary^ 

SAVE £2.00.^ >1 






Son 27th April lOam-Gpm 
Hoc 26th April lOam-Opm 
Toe 28th April 1 0wn- 6pm 
DM 30& April iaam-4pm 

27th-30th APRIL 1986 

l— ■ CUT OUT A(1 THIS AD — 



shop prgiw pos i tio n 
long lease. 

■935 33339 

PftfNT 8V51MC5S . 

For saw tflHUM Mtfdf 
poMMtM ffr nH Hp wm » 
eratton. TMnwwr te 

RR« * £200000 

Ba muud in South Wen 
or - E ra t an d. MadMi 

only RJSIfar K*BO XAM. 


m superb ortWr. Free- 
hud Property to men 
grounds, ta finund 
Kent torn. Profitable 
business- Price 

£ 2 TOnbom 
for details: ; 

088 33 5556 

In 2 wooded acres North 
Yams. rteWdu e d .15 
ettedy. Mote Wanand 
wtm. a -«*nB cartas 
arnamttni T. loon 



lav -MfaDUsned Dry 
CMudos Bnstoesn Far 
Sale. Two shoos on 
Erase ptas valuable ft 
acre town centre DM- 
bow Yard ad Battens*- 
Resfy 8> BOX FIB . 

£500,000 AVAILABLE 

London based Bank executive engaged in home 
and international marketing ami wishing to 
leave this activity is wilting to consider any 
sound proposition for a partnership, preferably 
m the London area. Up to £500.00(1 available. 
Reply to Box ¥48 . 



Advisers to the Businessman 

We have many companies looking for investment sources in all sectors 
ranging from chains of hotels, technology, industry, retail outlets, 
educational, publishing and advertising. U.K. property development 
and overseas, leisure and service industries. 

U.K Company with exciting High Quality Furniture finish- 
and developed leisure product, ing business. Equity partner 
Equity partner sought for required to capitalise on ex- 
expansion. ponding market opportunities. 

Capital Consultants 

Advisers in corporate transfer acquisitions, 
mergers - venture capital commercial lending. 

Worcester House, Dragon Street, Petersfield, 
Hants GU3I 4JD. Tel: (0730) 68122. 

Competitive price versus 
quality service - there’s no 
choice at 01 Computers non 

Some computer cteatec offer art- S5=E 
Ihiwi pnees but no support. g-jjjp 

Some computer dealers will give you ai] |||||j5| 

(he support you tequuebu! ala puce B3KH 

Ai 01 Cfcngjuieis we give you the 2jj#l 

service jou need, af a pnee you'd want owNn 

Thai s why we hare developed a repufctwa for 
excellence- as recognized by IBM m awarding asa 
1985 IBM Quality Award 

For toe complete IBM and Apncot PC asknoq- 

maw 2287 


Soitadmpm Horn MMftrtRwd UtetonSWlI JSk 

Wt me a writ atoaMaltod k tematto ntl compgy a ac ate d 
growth In tha ILK. Vto warn an ttpandtag portUto ot products 
seCng fcdo ana of nttaCng's grant mn. 

You an • seu-modvsted parson wttti a daska id nn your atm 
twstaass. You prodjtfer iw*» sWsramsrlm m. Yourscpiirsa 
product range with ■ proven track rscord an) na cMenga or 
your own ewtoiw safes area. You ham a car and at feast 
C1JOO for startup capital 

Cal Jons Stomas on OSZM3TB4W. 

or write uk _ ■ 

S SprhgMI Ubcra Ntonuftwri Ltd. 

11/11« Water Use, 

LdgMos Buzzard, 
Mtattrtre L07 TAW. 


On aandy Mad. baaeft fe Ort C—fe. Mack of 9 a p a rtment s 
■«> bnflhraqHMfefMt &oa» tohfeg opatAp C8UXI0 pja 
Prolt from Mr In amoas eiSJOO par 6 months. 
r ont oate paMU tor Wn ea h — ■ Offers around QSOOOO in 
any cmancy- T «rns arfefe b fe. Would consider property «- 
donga. Sato due ta owner ratting. 

Phone 010-3471-613111. 


to purchase Italian Fashion Franchise. Lease- 
hold premises. High Street corner position in 
premier Midlands tourist town. 

Details - 

Reply to BOX A74, cjo Times Newspapers, PO 
Box 484w Vvgxaxa SL, London El 9DD 


£20,000 £®8 

Ypu tan Yew 0 • mram twr "ife M Defemfiai IA dntsen •# *» 
I CC. Gn**>» «h a i*an eipcnenc* in femur*** art nafe* iww- 
nun. V, are ta*n« fat KU-tnoovncd iadtndaab who iq roc atn 
dciriop rftro owi S*mow »o * awnho xHcooml c»to»»c fcrotre*. 


fcqxraiMx n an onrsnrr nrf w conWcn « w 

nan tans. «»r a* Me » wwU too ta tmagnm «*« C9fiCO finwte 


rr toil mat * am i&OOO pha m jour la r «* ** wtmtfmn 
to *t awm iw » ra ® .. ... 

For Ml demit caona Barry Pakw lOirttwl «a iCfTTJ) KZa a me tfc 
ar Onamdai (IHCl US. Nor Sric Mil Cfernfar FtU lane B«*o. 
endge. Picon FR5 bM- 

Spacious Showrooms 

South Manchester 

* Prime freehold location - main road site 

* Car showroom 2,389 sq.ft. 

* Fully equipped repair workshop 

* Ford parts stock ... - . 

* Separate long leasehold body repair workshop 

* Ford Motor Company will pant a retail dealer 
franchise to suitable purchasers 

For sale by the Joint Receivers of Barrow Motor 
Company Limited. 

For further details please contact 
Philip Ramsbottom or John Dixon 
PeaL Marwick, Mitchell & Co. 

Century House 
7 Tib Lane 
Manchester M2 6DS 

Telephone: (061) 832 4221, Telex: 668265 

Robert Barry & Co 

Hotel Agents, VjUen it fanejres 


sea Mari 

Astir Hotels 

—the quality hotels of Greece. 

London - 01-636 0818. Of -636 3227 

VoUtamaM. A8ws 

tut a pntnea WW Mfcn 

VeugM0m«n. Mhons 

feat Mm HcM WOH 

VntegOTtre. MUM. 



- 6th Floor, fully furnished, ready 
to use. Consists of reception and 
3 room offices at prestigious busi- 
ness location. 

Lease valid until 1981. Low base 

Want to sell the lease and office. 

For further Information call 
01-930 0949 


\ fie*" 

— Astir Hotel Company Inc — 

. —the qaalLty botefe of Gnm 
208 tonmxm Coun am Lmjon W1P0U 
ttl-SX 3m & 0 1*36 0818 tomjirwn 01-835 our 
It*. 26HUO WGTCfir. KjiM A&m 

business for sale 

g uc cefi8 fi l i retell DTY and Builders Merchants 
near Southend. Essex- Turnover in ezc«a of 
s'AOO 000 oer annum, net profit before rax at least 
£60 000 Der annum. Leasehold- Price to be negoti- 



* HO • Cl me i&Onj ’ 'turt s^tsmaixr am) Djroa hartresws 

AWererecMeiavfeie'oiareoMydQwrcnceanstacstu *Oucome«M».' 
baicreK auw'' 1 o^wnn» ww « i tanenaee * Ow family u orey 

1 0 "« Kineioves) nMe nsAre * Wf ■feyo’Kdn'f nw i«k) gur^ea 

nwnOe^cwrt'sBfft *Toia<aM>wiRAJreferi 600 >]ili]unK>s»>MUri 
M YW pndrts can KCflug IIK41 tto fast yea ol ira^nq 

Forma aeefccmact 

P8SSCO TfeFrancftssffeauliwnrttaBaoo 

HOUK TeJ: 01 -539 3 105 


fast food. 140 seater. Prime position busy 
town tai South Wales. Leasehold. TRldngs in 
excess of £5.000 weekly. Offers around 
£70.000. Reply to BOX A67 


Tto ttie wholesale and retafl sector hers and abroad 
require stocks of an kinds to meet demand from, 
eaata nd l n g market immediate decistan and cBscre- 
Uon assured. 

Contact Mr Odin Pawsey 

aa 01 987 3001 Msadin telex 896780. 

■a mm 


our k wartw a n l 

fe txnfeanl tor that aaeond 
- SM500 w» a money kadi 

gaa e w &Sittha p iol aa»ta n tt» 08 a> in moat awaa abroad 
toTSoutaam Spain, lwtotta ate. Rita y<w business tm or 
part ttna. Rife fe a infque chance to start a busfean horn 
none fltong you eeaWy protta voder the CSR. tamer. No 
Bqwnnce requtaA htaaltor couples or stagto paopfe - no aga 

Sand SAE to CJSJt. Ovanaas Property Ul. Tb Suite 
26 , 4 th Floor, Uoflejr Hse. 320 Regent St, LonOon WI or 
C&R. 17 Main SaeeL BaaotoRLWfc Sootfend 

ihmiie Suw tew. 
QaaluyTtotoSt cuWne HWtar 
proftubfe. nretokl. Pure 
£1 90.000 TM: 06KU KS6 

mm tsmums nendt- 

ment eueacr tor mle TM. 
ewtord 10234) 217576 Ewt. 
ntagt 6 p*B - 9 pm. 

tor «af» Wes* Wale*. PtwnMfS 
onb" pMBt BrPty to BOX F37 . „ 

-now in but a anuAsti . 

CUM- by Hct cuppy. PtWM 9 
sma n wta rorccj tmso 

! : » '* s] 

fOFIWUK COU F AIt ttf We ’ 

wtttopwMrluilvtMM- _ 

* KUNvt bouse win, sttaoan- ■ 
OP) fuiHts. TdaOWta a«S79l. ■ 

> j i rW< 


Prime site offices in London W.l. 
Turnover £lm+ Net Profit £150,000+. 

Large quality business customer list. 
Authorised supplier of the major single user 
and multi user business microcomputer 

Fully established profit growth. Excellent repu- 
tation and financial status. 

This is a quality Company with high expertise. 

Reply to BOX A64 


Manufacturer of Italian fabrics, well 
established in the U.K. decorating 
world, offers opportunity for someone 
with design experience and capital to 
open boutique with retail exclusivity in 
Centra) London. 

Our own range of upholstered 
furniture not currently distributed in 
U.K. also available. 

Reply to BOX FS4 . 



DstaSHors a M sates agate an wafted. 

Sate women |MiF) in eofTBTKSHm teas to Hflutoawnjc tape measure to 
EsUfc agents, ArttrtadS, Local fUftlurflm. imenor Occonws^urnteiefs 
etc. fegn re re a d s and W taefc-ug tor the ngffl peopfe 

01- 629 1100 

WOULD £12,000 PA HELP? 

5 bows a week maomun work. Na pranous ssfes Bqieri- 
ence. No sales agents mated. Send Vm hudgrt ads an aB 
that are needed to get the customers com in g to you. Easily 
operate from hom e. This b a proven home entertainments 

ifetatef write wB?? Septwne ftytu!z37 

Ihcmton ftefl. BnOonl B01, West Yortehifa 
Tel: 0274 722499 

UP TO £500 commission per week seBmg 
exciting fast food machines. Can be sold any- 
where, e.g. garages, newsagents, convenience 
stores etc. Only requirement is an estate car. 

Tel Quickburger Ltd, Brighton (0273) 415764/ 

«S4S0ft MofrTH ofDoe tm or Witte to Una B6, ttre Kaon 
•totems* eras*. Tbe OM anreMn M. Hove. Sana 


Gulf Coast. 

tortJtect/Enflinear apffitwed 2 stony 50 anB Bpsrtment de- 
wBtopnwtt with teisure co rop ta on waferftgnt land with 
1)100 h sea wall tar USS535.000 or pn t venture with 
experienced British owners. 0534 2Z2S9 


Don't worry any more. Is your company Having 
cash Oow prooiems? Do you face Uqukianon or 
bankruptcy? We win take all pressures off you. AH 
enquiries treated in the strictest of confidence. Ross 
Walker & Associates. Stonecrott House. Stratftxti 
Hd.. ixodey. Warwick CV35 SOW. 

Telephone (0783) 841292. 

Telex 8814188 AOPHON 


InwMfaWy HvaSabto u> Comiantas wjstang to restructure 
tbBlr finaneea. tocrease proeUaWtay or resolve probfcots. 
ooremerdal mortgage & finance. 

Don’t worry about K! 

T el epho ne ns BLFC Ltd. 

091 284 9007 


*wvfe* hi Seven Oaks 

(0732) 450210 


Bom £99-50 inclusive 
> K4 

TEL: 01-248 5616 

Also Company Searches 


A business I con run easily from home, whh unfimjtvd 
pote ntkV. on cxdusna area, regiAir repeat orders, 
hj^i profit margins, positive cash flow, minimal over- 
heads, no stock requirement and over £100 per day 

SAE to The Marketing Director. Soorpkjn House, High 
Sr, Turvey, Bedford MK 43 BOB. 


equipment, installing or m anufacturing business sought 
by est. company in home inaprovemeni field. Purchaser 
seeks controlling interest or complete buy-out in the 
business of which a history of ex p a n se A experience is 
more important than a proven record of profits. 



ft ^^^^°^® 10Utme6yearlease - 10.00080 

oa££T*E 1 JBOO so ft luxurious 

P^uy of natural UghL ground floor loading area, 
mta- from Kenash Town Tube. PreSS!: 

01-485 1015 


of central Stsser nan an matt 
~ 20 miles. Oltete 1.100 

‘ v ?.; 


[DAY APRIL 18 1986 


I *vss 

> ©Ss*-? 1 


i ^ .■=’>;■ 
i .’ ■’*«' i 

t ■ ' . . ■ -CVi 

; ••■ . 


X * --.. ‘‘^V 


to open superstores 
profits rise by 47% 

Argos, the catalogne show- 
room subsidiary of BAT In- 
dustries, is - bunching a £22 
h million expansion programme 
’ for this year and increasing the 
fe total number of it& outlets to 
^ nearly 200. 

kk' , WTO, y«ttr- 
}** day disclosed a 47 per cent rise 
' in pretax profits last year is 
\ opening the first five of a new 

;■ chain of superstore-style 

i. showrooms as part of its 
extension- plans. 

More than 1,000 new jobs 

4 are expected to be created this 

s year, about 350 of them in the 
K five superstores, being estab- 
fishcjd at a cost of £5 minion. 1 . 

The first three superstores, 
are due to open ha August, 
offering nearly twice as many 
merchandise fines as the existr 
jng showrooms. Thenew-stylc 
' stores, covering about 30,000 
sq ft space, will be three times 
! ^the size of the present outlets' 

; Fruit firm 
to £3 .2m. 

By Richard Lander 

Albert Fisber Group, the 
rapidly expanding fruit and 
i vegetable, distributor, more 
than doubled profits in the six 
months to February 28 and 
raised the interim. dividend by 
over 58 per cent from 0.63p to 

* Pretax profits rose from 
£1.5 million to £3.2 million 
with earnings per share up 
from 3p lo 4_2p after last 
October's £13.9 million rights 
issue. A large part of the rights 
money was spent on purchas- 
ing Ziff an American dispos- 
able paper and plastic 
products manufacturer. . 

The chairman, Mr Tony 
Millar, who has pulled Fisher 
back from being a loss-making 
operation since he took. ever 
in 1982, said Ziff was already 
proving a valuable member. - 
Profits from United Stales 
operations, which include 
food distribution companies 
in Florida and California, rose 
from £8 1 8,000 to £2.1 million. 
They were also higher in both 
the food and distribution divi- 
sions at home, althotqgh the 
company has deckled to get 
out of the cheese business at a 
loss of £350,000. 

The shares touched a year’s : 
high of 201p yesterday but 
ended 2p down at I94p. 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

.. .mid will feature a number of 
departments highlighting 
ranges such as jewellery, gifts, 
“J^r electrical, goods and 
sports nems. 

Dr Mike Smith, Areas chid 
executive, said: There will 
still be catalogues but custom- 
era wifi be better able to look 
ov er goods and staffing levels' 
wfli be higher so more help 
and technical guidance can he 
given." In traditional Algos 
Showrooms choice is mainly 
raadc by browsing through 
catalogues although examples 
ofgoods can beseen. ■ 

Argos aims to have 55 
superstores within seven years 
provided the sites are avail- . 
able ra the target areas. This 
would represent, an invest- 
ment of about £55 milli on, 
■Four superstores wifi take 
Argos into new areas, about 15 
will be in areas where Argos 
expects- to trade from two 

locations and about 30 could 
.replace existing Argos outlets. 
They will have a variety of 
locations including out-of- 
town, edge-o f-town and on 
Prime sites in high streets or 
adjacent to them. 

The first three superstores 
will be at Romford, Essex, a 
new area for Argos. Hanley, 
Staffordshire, aria Kingston, 
Surrey, where existing outlets 
are expected to be dosed. Sites 
are still being negotiated for 
two other superstores planned 
to open in September or 

With £17 million being 
spent this year on develop- 
ment of the existing Argos 
chain of 170 stores, another 
20 outlets of traditional size 
win be added by the year-end. 
Four of these are already open. 

The development pro- 
gramme indudes the opening 
of more in-store Elizabeth 

Ratners aims to be 
biggest jeweller 

By CHffFdtham 

Mr Gerald Ratner yester- 
day asked his shareholders for 
£83 uriUhm to help tarn hit 
jewellery drain into the big- 
gest in Britain. 

Mr Ratner, aged 36 and. 
chief executive of Ratners 
(Jewellers), is p lanning to 
open 40 shops before Christ- 
mas to add to his 173 Ratners 
and Terry's shops. 

He said that be was eyeing a 
number of posstble acqnisi- 
tioos, and would love to agree a 
get-together with the H Samu- 
el group which, with 400 
shops, is more than twice tire 
I size i of Ratners. 

Mr Ratner said: **We are 
trying to. become the largest 
jewefiec in the country and are 
getting close to it hr terms of 
profitability. We . would like, 
another trading name to add to 
the two we have." ... 

Itat he dedhed to comment 
of his rivals.* 1 We are actively 
wiring acq risitioas. That is- 
afi l can say." . . . 

The rights Issoe to raise the 
£83 mfifitm b on a one-for- 
: four basis at 113p. The exist- 
ing shares eased lp to I39pu . 

■ Ratners said that profits 
before fa* for the year pest 
ended were not less than £425 
unUion on~jmles . of. £443 , 

Gerald Ratner: “actively 
seeking acquisitions'' 

million, compared with £2.14 
mflEou on sales of £323 
million, farnhy per share 
were not less titan &06p 
against 444p. 

The company is payiig a 
second interim dividend of 
1.5p and recommending a final 
of 0.75p, making a total of 3p. 

The key to the improvement 
at Ratners, said Mr Rataer, 
who took over from hb father 
Leslie three years ago, had 
been to concentrate (m low- 
priced fashion jewellery. 

"Sales of watches are doing 
very welL People used to own 
just one watch bat now they 
are .toying more colourful 
varieties, often having a watch 
ter the rammer and a different 
one for the winter.*’ 

Duke jewellery boutiques 
whose success has already 
made Algos Britain's second 
largest retailer of jewellery. 

A West Yorkshire distribu- 
tion centre is being extended j 
at a cost of £4.5 million and i 
more stores are to get the latest ! 
electronic data systems. 

Aigos sales last year totalled 
£388 million, a 24 per cent 
increase on the year before. Dr 
Smith says the chain is on 
target for 3 similar increase 
this year which would take the 
turnover to £480 million. 

Pretax profits last year were 
£32.4 million^ 

Since BAT Industries took 
over Aigos in mid- 1979 from 
the Green Shield group annual 
turnover has almost quadru- 
pled while profits have risen 
even more substantially. Since 
the takeover the size of the 
Argos chain has nearly 




From John Earle, Rome 

Britain ought to join the 
European Monetary System. 
Herr Karl Otto Pohl, governor 
of the West German central 
bank, said here yesterday. 

Herr Pohl, who was here for 
the award of a West German 
decoration to his Italian oppo- 
site number. Signor Carlo 
Clam pi. admitted that the 
decision lay with the British 
Government which hitherto 
had argued that the time was 
not ripe. 

“However, a change of 
mind in London would be 
welcome from my point of 
view", he said. “Britain’s par- 
ticipation in the exchange rate 
mechanism would give the 
system a different quality. I 
think the lower exchange rate 
of the pound has improved the 
environment for full par- 

Herr Pohl also expressed 
disappointment to his hosts 
that they still considered ex- 
change controls necessary to 
defend the lira. 

“The frill participation of the 
United Kingdom in the Euro- 
pean Monetary System and 
the construction of a free, 
integrated money and capital 
market in Europe are the most 
important prerequisites for 
consolidating the EMS". 

ME PC, the property company, has bought St Alban 
Tower (above) In the City of London. It Is all that re- 
mains of a church designed by Sir Christopher Wren. 
The tower laces Lee House, an office block which 
MEPC intends to redevelop with 400,000 sq ft of new 
offices bridging over London WalL The developer 
wants to improve Wood Street in its redevelopment 
and St Alban Tower is part of those plans. The com- 
pany hopes to let h to the tenant of its new scheme, 
which will be known as Albangate. 


• FOGARTY: Total payment 
for 1 985 raised to 4.2Sp (4.02pV 
Sales £40.46 million (£35.02 
million). Pretax profit £2.6 mil- 
lion (£992000). Earnings per 
share 9.0p(3.lp). 

• PEARSON: The company is 
to issue a $75 million (£50 
million) convertible Eurobond, 
with a final maturity of 1 5 years. 
The indicated coupon is about 6 
per cent and the conversion 
premium is in the 5 to 10 per 
cent range. 

• TOYS AND CO: Dividend 
for 1985 15 per cent (12 per 
cent). Turnover £7 million 
(£6-63 million). Profit, before 
tax and extraordinary profit. 
£365,000 (£330.000). Tax 
£135.000 (£119.000). Extraor- 
dinary profit, nil (£168.000). 
Earnings per share I032p 

3.56 million ordinary shares 
offered in the rights issue, 3.43 
million (96.3 per cent) have 
been taken up. The balance has 
been sold in the market at a net 
premium of 57.5 p per share. 

HOLDINGS: Total dividend 
for 1985 unchanged at 6p. 
Turnover home £29.72 million 
(£25.66 million) and overseas 
£10.67 million (£1 1.05 million). 
Pretax profit £3.47 million 
(£4.21 million). Earnings per 
share !7.66p (19.73p). 

GROL'P: Half-year to Dec. 31. 
1985. Turnover £7.13 million 
(£4.59 million). Pretax loss 
£130.000 (profit £10.000). Loss 
per share 0-20p (earnings 


DISTRIBUTORS: Total divi- 
dend 3.75p (3.5p) for 1985. 
Turnover £7.82 million (£6.94 
million). Pretax profit £255.000 
(£204.000). Earnings per share 
6.3p (6p): net tangible assets per 
share 49.8p (47.4p). 

• FROST GROUP: Total pav- 
ment 4.5p (3.Sp) for 1985. 
Turnover, excluding VAT, 
£89.31 million (£85.33 million). 
Pretax profit £1.4 million (£1.03 
million). Earnings per share 
9.3p (7.17p). 

Broad money 

rises sharply 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 
The Bank of England con- - > " ...rJLT 

firmed yesterday that sterling 
M3, the broad measure of 
money supply, rose by a sharp 
X2 per cent in the March 
banking month. The rise mea- 
sured over 12 months was 
16.4 percent compared with a 
target range of 1 1 to 1 5 per 

The final March figures 
were interesting for a number 
of reasons, not least that they 
came the day after the 
Chancellor's Lombard Associ- 
ation speech setting out the 
Government's monetary 

However, one striking cle- 
ment of them is a direct result 
of a speech by Mr Nigel 
Lawson, the Chancellor, at the 
Mansion House last October. 

He announced then an end 
to systematic overfunding of 
the public sector borrowing 
requirement, the device used 
to produce respectable figures 
for broad money growth. The 
end to overfunding, taking 
one financial year with the 
ne\L is now a fact of policy. 

Thus, between banking 
March 1985 and banking 
March 1986, the PSBR was 
almost exactly fonded. There 
was. in fact, a small 
underfunding of £27 million. 
To achieve this the authorities 
had to hold back last month, 
with the result that the PSBR. 
net of debt sales, was expan- 
sionary by £930 million, with- 
in an overall £M3 increase for 
the month of £2,840 million. 

In his speech to the Lom- 
bard Association Mr Lawson 
said: "The 11-15 per cent 
target range for sterling M3 in 
1986-87 which I set in this 
year's Budget reflects both the 
recent trend of velocity and 
(he effect of the abandonment 
of overfunding. 

“1 believe it to be fully 
consistent with a further foil in 

Target focrBaseow^. 
range I month 1* 

Mo 2-o 05 3S 

£Mj 11-15 22 164 

Sour ce: Bank of England 

The original target range for 
£M3 set for 1986-87 was 4 lo 8 
per cent. The Chancellor’s 
argument for raising this by 
seven percentage points rests, 
as indicated in the extract 
from the Lombard speech, in a 
declining velocity of circula- 
tion for £M3. and the effects of 
the end to overfunding. 

But the trend decline in 
velocity since J980 has been 
around 4 per cent a year. And 
the fact that it has been a long- 
term decline suggests that 
some should have already 
been allowed for in the previ- 
ous monetary targets. 

Even if it was not. this factor 
should have resulted in no 
more than a rise of four 
percentage points in the target 
range with the remainder of 
the increase due, it must be 
presumed, to generous as- 
sumptions about the end of 

The City had some trouble 
accepting the credibility of an 
11-15 per cent money supply 
target- The somewhat higher 
growth in £M3 that is current- 
ly being achieved adds to the 
problem. U may be possible, it 
is argued, lo stretch a point 
and say that ] 3 per cent £M3 
growth is consistent with de- 
clining inflation, it is more 
difficult when actual growth is 
1 6.4 per cent. 

Final figures for narrow 
money. Mo. were rather better 
behaved. In banking March, 
Mo rose by 0.5 per cent, to 
stand 3.6 per cent above its 
level a year earlier, against 
target growth of 2 to 6 per 

Hammerson up £6.7m 

The Hammerson Group, 
one of Britain's largest proper- 
ty companies, yesterday un- 
veiled 1985 pretax profits of 
£40.09 million, up £6.73 mil- 

But the net asset value has 
been hit by the devaluation of 
the Australian and Canadian 
dollars and has fallen from 
602p a share in 1984 to 559p. 
It would have been 669p but 

for currency movements. 

The investment portfolio 
was valued at £1.41 billion 
compared with £1.43 billion 
for the previous year. Earnings 
per share are up from 1 4.3 1 p 
to 16-01p. 

Hammerson intends buying 
more property 
in Australia, where its 
shares are to be listed on the 
stock market next month. 


Selling property franchises, equipment etc to small and large companies or businesses 

■s. Mr 

• ins’ 
»;?. iensr- 



We are looking for 6 ambitious people to spear- 
head Nation wide sales campaign for exceptional 
product (Oonununfeatfan tocL) Commission + bo- 
nuses. Call 01-236 7878 or 01-235 8383 . . - 


A new luxury 2 bed/2 bate apartments. Only 
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Opportunity for holidays, retirement. doBar In- 
come or capital gain. To Ond out how to start an 

offshore property portfolio with so little cash down 
p)lQne 02“ 491 MU CT «91 2B94 SJ-l LM. 


SnaH London emails CwtpanypranMingptf to Franc# sad* rental 
Ranch sparing ewe. far pad/U bra wtetHtflmn. «aa ma M 
return tor eqotyfprofit stare. Please arts tx- 

Golf Hofidoys, 

P-O. Box 45, 



14.1 21 : N .hail: 

with knowledge of agricniture/country 
sports and leisure as advisor and possible 
partner for new business venture. 
Reply to BOX A77. 



oem ran nnu stwb 


01909 4780/ 0727 

u wanr tJ Mr r v 


property company ' 
seeks English 

Partner/Director for 

fTtafrjfrhw! business. 

With foil c.v Reply to 


We urgently «««* 
wim araMbon & 
lo snare in our 
nary growth. Character 
quauure more 


Outstanding Income 


01-229 0276 



to start your own busi- 
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market OPTIONS 

ft is possible to torn 
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pnMdvr up la dal* UsUne of 
UK franemse*. TelepWmeoeW 
77ii45 or wrtt* to FranOiMe 
OBportistfHca.a6A Htoh Street, 
CMMlM Buds HP1S 1EP. 


No Premium 

Presaga turn, carpeted 
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toened avafl. Shcryiong 
tann. Parking fedfeaa. 
From C?S pw 
01-838 4806 



by .property development 

company 20% tetum. Loan 
seared. For delate Tel 0)25 

(rostrated postal (Mays. 
Telex to the quicicest form 
or written conanunKaann. 
Ow sendee .is test, 
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Ring 0055 617839 



and counter sorvefiautt 
e& ui pmeaL for both the ama> 
t tar A professional. Rh« or 
wnte fee price Bsl . 

716 Lfa Bridge H 


No premium - z« hr. ac- 
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carpeted efllces Me- 

phone and Hex From £TO 

p wfc all inclusive. Sborl /■ 
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-raw ante* you what to 
buy. For aitoice on aff 
aspects ot Meroccmputeis 
at Oxford Wo nn m o n 




mu Mown* o«« vm* 

■msdmaiely lOOM fL CSS ,pa*. 
Contact Congreve Honwr & Q*. 

□1-741 81172- 


Hard driving entrepreneurs needed for 
marketing and supervision in record 
breaking business. Highest earning po- 
tential. We train. For details call Ol- 
243 8569 


We have a super cash Bow service b u s in ess based In 
London with planned ecpamlon to other areas. The 
partner would control mofttfe service unm. modes te sales 
personnel and be a good admlntsirator at his own branch in 
his own area after we have opened and produced cash 
Bow. Please write to Mr Travis Reply lo BOX F58 Times 
Newspapers. PO Bos 484. Virginia St. off The Highway. 
London El 9DD 

200,000 PEOPLE 

Auction Rooms 
2,700 sq. feet 
In Golden Mile 
Of Lake District 
Wffl develop . 
am 8.40-9.15 
pm 7.30-9.00 

TEL: 022 988 745 



Major Franchise 
Award Winning 
Explosive Growth Area 
Substantial cash 

Brokers Protected 
Respond in firrafcft 
100 Ifemck RMd. (Room 506?) 
Rm* vfle Centre. W 11570. USA 
Tet 515-535-3030 

4200 square 
metres land for sale 
in busy TOURIST 
Terrific potential. Ripe 
for development. Nearest 
offer £150.000. 
TeMme 0757 700987 




CHKLSCA. BrH contained or 
•lure office lor l/S jnw 
from fiflO p.w. limy Inc. 01-22S 



for satellite TV. 

David Maoder. 

0836 241156 


New industrial units 
65.000-125.000 sq. ft- 
unbeatable terms pur- 
chase or lease 
telephone 0703 38477 
daytime or 0590 
76949 eves 

lirw? Unique, f /H. cun u nercm 
premhK 2.000 re ft. Suii many 
buuiware Rural area near M4. 
nirmhr >m«. 4 MrMiM 
renod tauM. gwunnanp DM 
anvue AMtaanaiBOtotMtrew- 
w MilMtna P*o* inciuaea. 
Csqaooa Tel: SwUMon 

BWLOEJt RIQI«a office WJ 
VN. crcnanqe muD for rent 
free period. Tot 01-961 3647. 


Portuguese manufdcfiirer 
H>eks ageal to sdl il> etos- 
w ihnads in Engtand on 
arembstoa basis Reply 

Robber Latex Portuguese 

Rna Juno Dtnb. 89J - 4 - 

4000 Porto Portugal. 

SMB eqeoto rn any area « in- 
dusny MuMianuai mm nw w n 

MUaHri TH: i0e6<i TS4B6 <6 

pm - 8 (mws (or Ins aeuus. 

■OetURY STONE 1 CW 1 M 5 In 
. Mecca. York yone/ Derbyshire 
•one. band Uone/U*neilo« 
RMi« Hama Qumrtri sneincM 
B7247B lor pore * Oemety- 

Mono Itca IO tell MW 

costume feweftery « top eat of 
tmMmNstn m*U trod* lm« 
details «n Ol seo 2175 today. 


available to compliment established bath- 
room & tile centre. Up to lOOO square feet 
available- South Bedforshire town. Reply to 
BOX A89 . 


for the acquisition of private companies. Will 
consider Joint ventures with established compa- 
nies currently under financed. Retirement sales 
and management buy-outs especially welcomed. 
Private share puchasers arranged. 

Telephone 01 935 5795 or 486 6139. 


Specialising in perfume and allied products 
seeks equity partner/in vestor for UK. and over- 
seas market 

Reply lo BOX A34 .c/o Times Newspapers. PO 
Box 484, Virginia Su off The Highway. London 
El 9DD 





—te prebtms ? 

We find USA products & cornpo- 
noffi. negtxse and am Any 
qua ntty - til products. 


1995 Broadway. Sure 1500. 
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Telephone (2121 <96 7682 

We tea faotoae maitetrq and 

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ds f . MwE4i>Vth 4 Sturp- 
Epeom 1057271 42660 


Picture PoftwnU 

EnnBfl tian you om photo 
1D00 Horn only £55 pte VAT. A4 
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pictures, 1.000 from only £98 
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Safetd, Uandreste. M3 EDS. 
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April 18, 1986 



The world of 
commerce on 
the campus 

High above the warm sand- 
stone elegance of one of 
England's most civilized rit- 
b, the concrete campus of 
Bath University rides its hill- 
top site looking like the bead- 
quarters of a computer 
company, or a gigantic con- 
struction of Lego. No dream- 
ing spires here, nor gowned 
students immersed m medi- 
eval French. 

Bath is a child of the 
technological push of the Wil- 
son \ Labour government, re- 
born in 196o out of the old 
Bristol College of Advanced 
Technology. Not for Bath the 
ivory tower notion of pure 
learning for its own sake 
unsullied by base commerce; 
it prides itself on what for an 
academic institution are un- 
usually close links with , the 
real world of industry mid 
commerce beyond the campus 

It is predominantly a place- 
ment university-, two-thirds of 
all its undergraduates on four- 
year courses spend one of their 
years off the campus in an 
appropriate workplace. Bath 
befieves the system mates its 
graduates more employable, 
and gives industry the kmd.of 
qualified people it needs with- 
out the need for too modi 
further training in the realities 

of business life. 

At the same time Bath has 
maintained close liaison with 
the commercial world through 
a tong-standing and wide rang- 
ing programme of contract 
research, culminating in the 
establishment of its own com- ■ 
mercial research and develop- 
ment arm. South Western 
Industrial Research Lui - 

Selling academic brainpow- 
er to industry is a game: that 

most universities have begun 
to play in recent years, largely 
to combat cuts in government 
funding. Bath was a pioneer, if 
only because in its early days it 
was far from generously fund- 
ed by the University Grants 

Now the tables are turned; 
such is Bath’s, academic repu- 
tation that in the last swinge- 
ing round of cuts imposed by 
the UGC which came dose 10 
closing institutions such as 
Salford. Bath escaped more or 
less unscathed. * * 

Once again, as May ap- 
proaches, the UGC gives the 
Sword of Damocles its annual 
han g in g and Bath waits with 
the rest of the academic 
community to see if limbs 
may have to be amputated. It 
thinks not; plans are already in 
hand to increase substantially 
the student intake in some 
deportments next session. 

Bath's commercial earnings 
are still modest fay the stan- 

Among the top six 

dards of some other techno- 
logical universities. Total 
funding of £23 million last 
year -was made up of £13 
million from die .UGC, just 
over £2 miUkm or 9 per cent 
from contract research and 
other commercial enterprises, 
and the rest largely from fees. 
But there was sml a £136,000 
deficit last year, chiefly a 
result of failing to attract 
enough numbers of overseas 

From its birth in 1966, Bath 
has been obliged by its charter 
to specialize m science, tech- 

nology and commerce, and it 
is significant that its first 
Chancellor was not a main- 
stream academic, but Lend 
Hinton, a former chairman of 
the Central Electricity Gener- 
ating Board. 

On the score sheet of A level 
grades held by its new en- 
trants, Bath claims to be 
among the top six of all British 
universities. Professor Rod- 
ney Quayle, the vice-chancel- 
tor, makes no apology for such 
rigid entry standards. 

"This university attracts 
about 13,000 applications a 
year for between 800 and 900 
places. If we restrict it to 

IfraPor second choice we still 
find that each place has been 
applied for eight times. 

. “Interviewing than all is 
quite impracticable so we try 
to pick out those students 
who, by afl prognostications, 
are going to get good A levels, 
and who also have the right 
personality. We pay a lot of 
attention to school 

“On top of that we have Sir 
Keith Joseph idling us he 
regards quality of entry into 
universities as being of prime 
importance. It is a brave 
university which disregards A 
levels with no eye to who its 
paymaster is.” 

While pursuing excellence. 
Professor Quayle is folly con- 
scious that his dose relation- 
ship with industry, both in 
paying for contract research 
and in providing mid-course 
experience for his undergradu- 
ates, has to be kept m its 
proper place. 

“Bath has always been 
forced to ran itself on some- 
thing of a shoestring, and 

Professor Rodney Quayle, the university’s vice-chancellor: No apology for rigid entry standards 

representatives of local indus- 
try and commerce have al- 
ways been on the University 
Court. Several years ago the 
whole university system did 
need a push towards closer 
dialogue with the outside 
world, an area in which I like 
to think we were well ahead of 
the field. 

“But you have to be very 
carefol that you do not push 
this too far and turn a 
unversity into a mere contract 
research institute. Yon are 
then in danger of losing one of 
your prime functions — the 
long-term basic research that 
industry does not and cannot 

But Bath does not operate 
exclusively at the leading edge 
of science and technology, 
which account for two-thirds 
of its effort. Of its 14 schools, 
those of education, manage- 
ment, humanities and social 
sciences, and modern lan- 
guages, could well be grouped 
into a Faculty of Arts (al- 
though Bath is not organized 
by faculties). 

And, as the vice chancellor 

is anxious to point out, there 
are strong extramural depart- 
ments of drama and music, an 
appeal is under way to build 
an arts centre, and the univer- 
sity can put up a very credible 

At this stage Professor 
Quayle spreads his hands 
before him and splices his 

Molecnle shapes are 
drawn on a screen 

fingers like a dovetail joint 
“However, the essential fea- 
ture of this campus,” be 
declares, “is that it is 

We nave a momentary de- 
sire to consult the Department 
of Linguistics at one of the 
older seats of learning to 
divine his meaning but the 
practical demonstration with 
the bands, as befits the bead of 
such a practical institution, 
makes it dear enough. Bath is 
strong on the cross-fertiliza- 
tion of disciplines; or, to put it 
more bluntly, different depart- 
ments talk to each other. 

That is panly the result of a 
conscious policy, and partly of 
the campus design, where to 
eo from one end of the 
university to the other it is 
rarely necessary to go outside. 
The "outcome is an interweav- 
ing of disciplines to produce 
some unusual and occasional- 
ly unique, courses and 

Disciplines meet in other 
productive ways. In the 
School of Chemical Engineer- 
ing. chemistry, biological sci- 
ence. chemical engineering 
and straightforward engineer- 
ing have met to create the new 
Membrane Applications Cen- 
tre, with an eye to marketing 
any advances in technology 
thereby discovered to the 
commercial world of the 
chemical and food processing 

As another instance, chem- 
istry, biological science, phar- 
macology and advanced 
computer studies have com- 
bined to create a Molecular 
Graphics Centre to tackle the 
difficult problem of drawing 
pictures of molecular struc- 

tures on a computer screen. 

Professor Quayle is anxious 
that the fruits of such activity 
should be transferred to indus- 
try where it will find practical 
use. Already the Fluid Power 
Centre in the School of Engi- 
neering leaches hydraulic sys- 
tems to a considerable! 
throughput of already-experi- 1 
enced engineers. 

“We have no intention of 
turning Bath into a short- 
course university, but science 
and technology move so fast 
that people need updating. 
Industry cannot afford to send 
its people to a university for a 
year, but it is prepared to 
release them for short spells to 
learn something specific. 

“I believe we shall have to 
do more of this in future, 
although in the past we have 
preferred to go out to industry 
and apply our expertise to 
specific problems. Apart from 
anything else, the money we 
can earn from running short 
courses helps to pay for the 
staff to teach our 

Alan Hamilton 

This way 
to the 

West Wiltshire District Coun- 
dJ has enlisted Bath Universi- 
ty in efforts to win astakem 
the highly competitive 
ness of attracting “ssanse 
industries away from the ex- 
pensive overheads of Loo®* 
ami the South-East 
At North Bradley outside 
Trowbridge, 10 miles from the 
onh-ersity campus, the local 
council is promoting its WMte 

Horse Business Technology 
park on a 72-acre greenfield 
site. Apart from relatively low 
rents, the principal enticement 
is that companies that move 
there will have access to the 
university's research and de- 
velopment facilities. 

Many companies hare ex- 
pressed interest in moving to 
the park, but the first occupant 
is to be the university's own 
trading company. South West- 
ern Industrial Research Ltd. 
The company is building a 
highly sophisticated analytical 
and chemical test house, in the 
hope that other companies 
that move there will hire its 
comprehensive services. 

Companies locating in the 
park are promised the chance 
to ping in to “a wide spectrum 
of down-to-earth technology, 
computer information and 
management expertise on the 
university campus”. 

Infrastructure work on the 
park is complete and the lost 
building is ready for letting. 
Its two storeys contain 12 
modular spaces, each of about 
1,000 square feet 
Gera/d Garland, chief exec- 
utive of the district council and 
managing director of the com- 
pany set np to ran the park 
said: “We know that we have a 
great deal to offer, particularly 
tiie fact that our space costs 
are dramatically lower than in 
many other relocation areas.” 

Wiltshire’s population is 
rising at three times the 
national average, and the local 
workforce of 46,000 is expect- 
ed to grow by 10 per cent this 


•-•r- •' V " 

Its definitely not 



with every thing at White Ho 
Business Technology Park 

Bath University is dosdy associated with 
\fest Wiltshire Hokfings Limited— the 
company set up by West Wiltshire District 
Council to develop White Horse Business 
Technology Park. However, unlike many 

science parks associated with . . 

Universities' White Horse Park is not 
exclusively high-tech. 

The Council is run by hard-headed 
businessmen. Bath University, on the 
doorstep, depends for its very existence 
on its industrial Hnks. 

So it’s not rmcrochips with 
everything atWbite Horse Park. Ifs top 
. quality office development. It’s small to 
medium manufacturing companies. It’s 

any business which wants to locate on a 
superb purpose-designed site in a 
pleasant part of the country, with a skilled 
workforce, and good communications— 
and has an eye for a bargain. 

Not, you understand, that 
companies standing cm the leading edge of 
the new technologies won’t be welcomed 


o y 

Newport / / JHS 

O Swindon 

I Horse Park 


This two-storey building ivith its high 
standard of design and finish is ready for 
occupation. Spaces arc available to let in 
approximately 1000 square foot modules. 
And there are 70 acres ready to rent or buy. 

Wiltshire then set up a 

White Horse Business Park is in an 
attractive, stimulating environment just 
dotm the road from excellent 
communications networks. Bristol is 20 
milesWest, London 90 miles East. The 
M4, M5andA303IM3 arc easily 
accessible. LmdmisSOndmdesbyfram. 

with open arms. It is hoped that die 
newest and most advanced ‘sunrise* 
industries will rub shoulders with 
acceptable Tow-tech* industries and 
: offices. 

One thing aB businesses at White 
Horse Park will have in common is 
support services— secretarial, technical, 
and managerial. And the presence of 
. Southwestern Industrial Research 

Limited (SWIRL), Bath University's own 
trading company and consultancy service. 

SWIRL’s highly sophisticated 
analytical and chemical test service will be 
in operation on the Park in May. And 
businesses located at White Horse Park 
will also be able to plug into a wide 
spectrum of science, technology, 
information and computer expertise on 
the University campus— only 20 minutes 

Wast Wiltshire Holdings Limited has 
all the professional resources to help with 
any relocation or expansion project, and 
can provide all the necessary back-up for 
companies who wish to start up in an 
exciting and profitable environment. 

And last, but far from least, space 
costs are dramatically lower than in many 
other areas. 

Get all the facts. Contact Paula Carter 
on Trowbridge (02214) 63111 (Ext 165) 
to discuss your future plans and special 

Or write to her at 
Wfest Wiltshire Holdings Limited 
Council Offices, Bradley Road 

Wiltshire BA140RD. ^ 

Vlfestbury White Horse , on the edge of 
Salisbury Plain, looks dotm on White 
Horse Busbiess Park . 

White Horse 

BusinessTedinolQgy Park 

311 m 










fyn v -v t ■ ■” 




bath university/2 

How to coax scientists 

into the classroom 

How are bright young science 
graduates to be persuaded into 
the teaching profession rather 
than industry? That is the 
question facing schools, teach- 
er training departments, and. 
of course, industry itself, who 
all stand to lose dramatically if 
secondary school children are 

in common with other tech- 
nical Schools of Education. 
Bath has the challenge of 
attracting candidates who are 
surrounded by people dedicat- 
ed to industry-inspired spon- 
sored projects, with their 
sights set on careers in indus- 
try. Compared with teaching, 
the job satisfaction and finan- 
cial rewards in industry prom- 
ise a belter deal. 

In an effort 10 lure more 
people into science leaching, 
die University Grants Com- 
mittee is to fund a significant 
increase in the number of 
students after the concurrent 
degree and certificate in edu- 
cation courses. These are of- 
fered at the university as pan 
of the Government’s attempt 
to boost the number of teach- 
ers in shortage areas such as 
science and technology. 

The present annual output 
of IS maths-science students 
will be doubled within the 
next four years. And a new 
joint course with most of the 
technology schools will pro- 
duce a further 30 students 
each year. Eventually this will 
add up to an increase of 180 
science and technology stu- 
dents in the university. 

Concurrent education-de- 
gree courses allow students 

who have already embarked 
upon a four-year maths, sci- 
ence or technology degree 
course, to graduate with a 
leaching certificate too (this 
would cost them another year 
if they took a PGCE later). 
Students who take advantage 
of ibis option are rewarded 
with an extra gram of £1.200 
although they do not have to 
guarantee that they will ever 

Some students seemed ap- 
prehensive about combining a 
teaching course with their 
degree work in case it led to a 
“dilution*' of their main disci- 
pline. or ted industry to regard 
them as teachers first and 

of post-graduate degrees and 
research projects. 

A joint venture with South- 
ampton University (funded by 
the DES and DTI) aims to 
promote a greater awareness 
and understanding of the role 
of industry and commerce in 
modem society, and to pro- 
duce materials in the form of 
packs, videos and business 
games for use in initial teacher 

Other projects include 
health education for slow 
learners, the implications of 
changing technology, sex dif- 
ferences in achievement and 
values in education. 

‘We don’t believe 
in soft options’ 

serious scientists second. 
Fears which were firmly re- 
jected by Professor Kenneth 
Austwick. Head of the School 
of Education. 

“The degree input and the 
time spent in industry’ is 
exactly the same as for the 
students who do not take a 
teaching certificate. Those 
taking it simply have to work 
harder. We certainly don't 
believe in soft options. It's not 
at all unusual for a student 
with a first-class science de- 
gree to spend three or four 
years in industry before going 
into education." 

The Goldsmiths Company 
has recently awarded two 
industrial fellowships to en- 
able experienced teachers to 
have a taste of industry. The 
present fellow, a Gloucester- 
shire headmaster, is now with 
the Central Electricity Gener- 
ating Board, and he will spend 
four months with British 
Aerospace before reluming to 
the university to help with the 
initial training of student 

The School of Education 
also runs a conventional 
PGCE course and a full range 

Professor Austwick said of 
the scheme:**I feel this is just 
one of the themes which 
distinguishes us from a con- 
ventional teacher-training de- 
partment. We are doing 
everything we can to attract 
and turn out good modem 
teachers with an up-to-date 
knowledge of industry and 
commerce — it's someone 
else's responsibility to see that 
they stay in teaching.” 


A complete 
analytical service 
for industry at 
White Horse Park 

At your fingertips —the technical resources until now only 
available to the largest multi-national companies. 

Southwestern Industrial 
Research Ltd (SWIRL). Bath 
Univereity's trading company, can 
now offer industrialists a 
comprehensive analytical service 

SWIRL Analytical Service will 
from next month be located on White 
Horse Business Technology Park in 


The service indudes fast and 
accurate chemical analysis of afi 
materials —gases, liquids, meJ^s, oi 
water, food and food additives and 
corrosion by-products. It also 
indudes environmental monitoring. 

The equipment available can 
carry out analysis by x-ray 

fluorescence, atomic absorption, ton 
chromatography for gas and liquids 
and gas chromatography There is 
also access to a mass spectrometer 
(for taints), infra red and CJV 
spectrometers, HPLG stereo-scan 
electron microscopes, plus a great 
deal of highly sophisticated 
equipment on the university campus. 
Most forms of mechanical testing can 
also be carried out ~ - 

For full details contact 

Mr Roy Forsey Chief Executive, SWIRL 

University of Bath 

Qaverton Down, Bath BA2 7/W. 

Telephone Bath (0225) 63637 

that industry wants 

Taking a different course: Kenneth Austwick, top. Head of 
the School of Education; Fred Eastham, centre, Professor of 
Electrical Engineering; and John Howell, 
Professor of Biotechnology 

By the end of last yearonly 4.6 
per cent of Bath s 1 985 sum- 
mer output of graduates were 
still unemployed. The univer- 
sity believes the low figure ts a 
direct result of tauorng 
courses precisely to the needs 
of industry. . .. 

Close co-operation with the 
eventual customer is nowhere 
more evident than in the 
School of Engineering, winch 
Iasi summer produced the first 
batch of 30 graduates from a 
new course in electrical and 
electronic engineering de- 
signed in dose co-operation 
with G EC- Marconi. 

The initial approach came 
(ram GEC in 1976; the electri- 
cal giant had found that most 
graduates from traditional en- 
gineering schools still needed 
considerable further instruc- 
tion in the real industrial 
environment before they be- 
gan to be truly productive. 
Many of the pioneering ideas 
of foe combined BSc/MEng 
course were picked up and 
incorporated into the 1980 
Finniston report on foe future 
of engineering naming. 

Professor Fred Eastham, of 
the chair of electrical engineer- 
ing. who himself has one foot 
in the industrial camp as 
director of a small motor 
components company, says: 
“Our people are way ahead of 
other graduates going into 
industry. This course has a 
professional studies dement, 
which the normal BSc course 

“Most courses teach only 
wimt and how to design 
things. Here they learn quality 
and management Traditional 
courses never taught anything . 
of foe commercial objectives 
of industry, which is about 
translating good ideas into 
successful products.” 

Students on the course are 
expected to find a sponsoring 
company — initially GEC but 
now extended to many more 
— who will pay a grant of 
about £600 a year and will also 
pay for students to attend a 
three- week introductory 
course at Bournemouth, 
which helps in the transition 
from school to university. 

An essential feature of. foe 
course is that the students are 
divided into groups to work 
on projects which are drawn 
more from foe shopfloor than 

from textbooks. They learn to 
present the projects, just as 
they would have to present a 

commercial project to a com- 
pany board. 

Every term senior engineers 
from sponsoring companies 
visit the students to criticize 
and advise on the projects, 
and by all accounts have been 
impressed by foe work. GEC 
gives £15,000 a year to help 
pay for a teaching fellow 
within foe department. 

At foe end of their course 
graduates are expected- to 
work for their sponsoring 
company, although there is no 
obligation and indeed no guar- 
antee of a job. But the early 
indications are promising. 
“The word from the compa- 
nies which took our first batch 
is foal they are very satisfied,** 
Professor Eastham stud • 

Bath is about to start a 
shorter Bachelor of Engineer- 
ing course, of three years 
instead of the normal four, 
with foe specific object of 
trying to attract people into 
foe power and control engi- 
neering industry, which is 
starved of good graduate 

But it would be quire wrong, 
even in the intensely practical 

seventh,” P r of e sso r Rozri 

A. purely optical computer is 
the logical extension of his 
work and others on foe trans- 
mission of data by optical 
fibres, now commonplace in 
telephone systems. Tbe spa co- 
saving qualities could be star- 
tling. Professor Rosed says 
that if a traditional computer 
had a memory tbe size of a 
filing cabinet, an optical com- 
puter of equivalent power 

would be no bigg er than 
pock et calcufa u or- 

Profesor - John Howell, 
newly appointed to foe chair 
of taocherakal eng in eeri ng , is 
less i ntere s ted in foe comput- 

ing power of tight than in 
cords and wbey. He heads the 
university's Membrane Appli- 

cations Centre; just estab- 
lished this month to bring ft 
together a number of academ- 
ic disciplines and direct their 
energies towards finding new 
commercial / uses for 

Membranes are very fine 
fibers that separate tng raote- 
cates from little molecules. 
They have wide potential use 
in the dairy industry for tbe 
production of co n ce n tr a ted 
milk, yoghurt and whey; in foe 
chemical industry for reco ver- 
ing chemicals from dilute 
solutions: and in foe petro- 
leum industry for separating 
oil from gas; 

"The idea for foe centre a 
originated at a conference in • 
Italy in 1984 where it was 
revealed that foe Japanese 
market for membranes was 
worth $277 million a year, 
largely in artificial kidney 
machines; Tbe Japanese have 
300 researchers at work 911 ii 
is their universities; m Britain 
there are probably fewer than 
5a” Professor Hawefl said. 

The Bath centre hopes to 
have 3S researchers at work on 
membranes within the next 
year. Several major compa- 
nies such as 1CI are helping 
with sponsorship. 

-The world market for 
membranes is growing by 12 

per cent a year. We think there 

is a niche for British manufac- 
turers. We hope the centre will ^ 
develop systems that we can 
sell commercially; w are al- 

IL'_. ■ ■■...ffun ri * 

At the frontiers 
of technology 

atmosphere of Bath, to see the 
engineering schools merely as 
production lines turning out 
skilled manpower for indus- 
try. Advanced research of a 
more basic kind is a necessary 
function even of this 

Professor Tuflio Rozzi oper- 
ates at the frontiers of comput- 
er technology. The aim of his 
work is to produce a computer 
that operates not os electricity 
and si icon chips but on pure 
tight Such a machine-is still 
some way off but not that far; 
President Reagan’s Star Wars 
initiative has applied a spur to 
this and .many other 

“When we started this work 
in foe mid-1970s we thought 
that foe sixth generation of 
computers would be optical. 
But foe advances in classical 
electronics have been such 
that we now think it will be the 

ready selling consultancies,’ 
Professor Howell sakL 


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* "HE ELD: 

,. • 'SC »■* 

a *0 

Lessons from the shopfloor 

David Gower was in his first 
year at Bath University's 
school of management when 
he happened upon a stall in 
Exmouth selling T-shirts. He 
bought 100 and sold them at a 
profit Then he bought some 
more; then he bought outihe 
company that made them/ 
Now. with -his finals in barely 
two months, he has an annual 
turnover of £1.8 million. 

His tutors axe proud of him, 

not because of the size of his 
turnover but because, despite 
'having, already proved his 
'acumen and made, a fortune, 
he still intends to complete his - 

- Bath's management school 
is small by the standards of 
other institutions buz enjoys a 
high reputation with more 
than 1,600 applications a year 
for a mere 60 plaices. It can 
therefore be- highly selective, 
-and claims the highest A level 
score — 12.9 — among its- 
intake of any business school 
in Britain. 

The school has recently 
begun a project to assist those 
without Mr Gower's acumen 
-and good luck. Helped by a 
grant from the Manpower 
Services Commission, it has 
instituted the so-called Bath 
Gateway Programme, taking 
unemployed graduates in oth- 
er disciplines from other uni- 
. .versifies, training- them in ■ 
basic management skills, and 
placing them in small compa- 
nies m. Avon and -the West 

The Intention is to give 
small firms experience of em- 
ploying graduates while giving 
graduates experience of work- 
ing for small firms, on the 
premise that most graduates 
only ever think ofappfying&r 
jobs in large firms. The only 
qualification is that candi- 
dates must be from the Avon 
area. . . 

Undergraduates on the nor- 
mal management course are 
also exposed to the outside 
world, usually in two place- 
ments of six months eacluThe 
projects they are given .axe 
real; some are attached to a 
local pub chain and are re- 
quired to produce a business 
plan for each individual pub. 

It’s Rover, the 
micro watchdog - 

Rover is such a dever befesL 
All night,- long after the last 
human has gone home, 'he 
watches over the South West 
Universities regional. comput- 
er centre in Bath as it goes 

about its unmanned data ■ 
cessing work. If 
goes wrong, Rover will correct 
it, and if it is beyond his 
capability he will telephone a 
member of staff at home. 

Rover is not a do* but a 
computer program, run on a 
- small and simple MMC Mi- 
cro, rt mom tors the centre's 
principal ICL mainframe 
computer. ■ 

The program has proved so 
successful that it is being 
marketed to outside custom- 
ers through- ICLIn the pastlO 
years the centre has earned 

the special language of our 
disciplines when it comes to 
getting grants for projects." He 
feds his school differs from 
others in that it is very 
concerned with public expen* 
dilure in the private, as well as 
the public sector. 

One of the ongoing pro- 
grammes is examining public 
expenditure in private nursing 
homes, where the Govern- 
ment invests about £300 mil- 
lion a -year (through 
supplementary benefits). 

Another project is involved 
with the psychology of lax- 

over £1' million. Jim Brooks, .ation and spending and how 
its director, estimates that half the ordinary person looks at 

the cost 1 of the present building 
.was raised by selling computer 
time and software products. 

- The centre, which provides 
computing services for. and is 
directly linked to, the univer- 
sity campuses in Bath, Bristol, 
Exeter, and Cardiff was begun 
in 1975. Since then it has set 
up its own commercial com- 
pany called Praxis, now virtu- 
ally separate from the 
university. Praxis has hs own 
staff of 70 at premises in Baxh 

• At present the mainframe is 
a dual ICL 2980 system, but 
the capacity is soon- to be 
-increased as the centre runs up 
its new ICL Series 39 Level 80 

A: speciality of the- Bath 
centre since its inception has 
been a study of the problems 
of computer networking “‘For 
the past 10 years we have 
pioneered the move towards 
international standards of 
networking and we have been 
leaders in the UK. Our model 
has been adopted for the Joint 
Academic Network through- 
out the country; we now have 
every university, and most 
polytechnics, on the 
network,** Mr Brooks said. 

Spreading the 
academic word 

Professor Rudolf Klein who 
heads the school of Human- 
ities and Social Sciences, be- , — . . 

lieves that the 20 years he -Thatcher says about her eco- 
spent as-a Fleet Street journal- ™mic policies, wluch is dl\ 

the subject 

As none of these questions 
is unique to Britain there is 
stress on cross national re- 
search. as well as on close co- 
operation between 

departments within the 
school Professor Klein be- 
lieves it is essential to break 
through the barriers of the 
various disciplines if fruitful 
research is to result. 

Asked whether his school 
had come up with any impor- 
tant findings. Professor Klein 
said: “The Social Sciences are 
quite different from the Natu- 
ral Sciences. I don't think we 
should ever aim at big find- 
ings. Our job is to help people 
to think better on all the major 
issues feeing the country. 

“When social scientists 
come up with findings in die 
-sense of recommendations it's 
very dangerous. We are not in 
the business of finding instant 
solutions. I know that I run 
the risk of being labelled 
‘holier than thou' because I 
insist on intellectual 

Did he not also run the risk 
of being deprived of funds 
when die Government in 
power seemed to be against 
' “intellectual detachment'*? 

“I think in order to make 
the arguments the Govern- 
ment makes in defence of its 
own economic policies in the 
universities, I could word for 
word apply what Maggie 

-ist has greatly infhxenced his 
attitude to the interdisciplin- 
ary structure of the school and 
provided him with an aware- 
ness of the need for communi- 
cation with, the world outside 
the university. 

. . . He said: “It is vitally impor- 
tant to cut the cackle; if the" 
public is to understand what is. 
going on Jnside_ universities^ 
ButoF course webave to use 

about changing attitudes and 
long-term change, and not 
expecting any quick results. 

“If she were capable off 
translating the arguments on 
economic policy that we are 
involved with she ought to be 
pouring money into us. I 
believe that soda! policy de- 
partments . in this country 
have more to contribute than: 
engineering. ” 

A creative 

The City of Bath; with its 
magnificent Georgian build- 
ings surrounded by green hills. 
pmyt be one of the most ideal 
settin gs for a -school of archi- 
tecture and balding engineer- 
ing, It is fbwded on the 
premise that sake architects 
pnrf engineers will ultimately 
have to work together, they 
should study together. 

The school's director. Pro- 
fessor Edmund HappoM, says 
there is tremendous disrespect 
between architects and engi- 
neers and in general the 
system of teaching architects 
encourages it. He ctnims to run 
the only school in the country 
where students of architecture, 
dvil/strucmral engineering, 
and service engineering, work 
alongside each other. 

He holds strong views on 
the shortcomings of the gener- 
al education system _ which 
allows children to give up 
mathematics and physics at an 
age when they are incapable of 
knowing what they are likely 
to want to study at university. 
Professor Happold says few 
people are born mathematical- 
ly gifted: 

"Most scientists have to 
work tremendously hard to get 
anywhere. I think there is 
great misunderstanding about 
'creativity 1 . There seems to be 
two cultures in our society 
which stem from the difference 
between the arts and technol- 
ogy. People think of technol- 
ogy as a science and they th i nk 
ofi ait as creative. They don't 
realize that both can be 
creative.” He says the building 
industry is a good example of 

“The day has past when the 
architect did it all, but society 
still believes he does. Archi- 
tects are concerned with the 
arrangement of spaces and 
style. But when it comes to 
getting the thing to stand up 
and perform effectively most 
id them don't have the scientif- 
ic and technical knowledge 
because they have been tangbt 
from an art and design base. 

“This school was formed 10 
years age on the very strong 
concept that several disci- 
plines contribute to the mak- 
ing of a building: architecture, 
structural engineering, and the 
tmflding services such as light- 
ing and heating." 


yoiir business 

or you’re 

studying business. 







Breaking new ground in education: Rod Flower, left, Professor of Pharmacology: Ted Happold, centre. Professor of 
Building Engineering; »«! Rudolph Klein, Head of the School of Humanities andSocial Sciences 

Old healing centre’s new cures 

There is a surprising omission 
among the schools and depart- 
ments of Bath University. In a 
city that has been attracting 
the pained, the stiff and the 
lame to its waters since the 
lime of the Romans, it has no 
faculty of medicine. 

Bui it does flourish on the 
fringes of medicine and con- 
tributes more than its share to 
mainstream medical research, 
as was highlighted only two 
days ago when the Duchess of 
Kent opened Bath’s new Re- 
search Institute for the Care of 
the Elderly, a valuable addi- 
tion to an often unglarnorous 
and neglected area of medi- 
cine, but one which grows in 
importance as the proportion 
of senior citizens in the popu- 
lation continues to swell 

The institute is a joint 
venture between the universi- 
ty and the city's St Martin's 
Hospital. It will draw heavily 
on the expertise of the 
university's flourishing school 
of phar macy and pharmacolo- 
gy and one of its main areas of 
endeavour will be to study 
how the ageing body copes 
with drugs- 

Other projects include work 
on nutrition, incontinence 
and the early diagnosis of 
senile dementia. 

Bath has long been a centre 
for the treatment of arthritis 
and related ailments and the 
city's Royal National Hospital 
for Rheumatic Diseases has 
become an important national 
centre. There is now a major 

research effort between the 
hospital and the university 
into anti-inflammatory drugs, 
widely used in the treatment 
of arthritis but often with 
undesirable side-effects. 

Professor Rod Flower of the 
School of Pharmacology, who 
came to Bath from the 
Wellcome Foundation two 
years ago. has a particular 
interest in anti-inflammatory 
drugs. “We are gradually get- 
ting to understand how they 
work and are within sight of 
overcoming their side- 
effects. ” he said. 

Designing new- drugs is a 
speciality of the school, which 
earns more than £120.000 a 
year in consultancies from 
drug companies and other 
outside bodies. The money is 
badly needed. Last year the 
school had its UGC funding 
cut by 20 per cent. Professor 
Flower is now- working on 
basic research for a new 
arthritis drug with a grant 
from the British Technology 
Group. If ft is successful the 
potentially enormous royal- 
ties will be split between BTG 
and the university. 

The school’s Centre for 
Drug Formulation Studies is 
almost a private company 
within the n Diversity, dealing 
regularly with the major drug 
manufacturers, and claims to 
be one of the research and 
development success stories of| 
British industry. One particu- 
lar area of interest now is slow- 
release preparations, thought 

to be safer and more effective 
than instant-acting pills. 

Company on 
the campus 

The idea of a university 
assisting its own funding 
through the commercial mar- 
keting of internal expertise 
and equipment was relatively 
new in 1 972 when Bath set up 
one of the first campus com- 
panies. South Western Indus- 
trial Research Ltd. SWIRL 
was established with the idea 
thaL it should seek outlets for 
spare capacity in the 
university's science and tech- 
nology resources. It would 
seek to win research contracts 
which it would place with 

appropriate members of the 
academic staff to whom ft 
would pay a proportion of the 
fee ft received. 

A normal year's turnover 
for the company is £250,000, 
with profits of £50,000. 

SWIRL is housed off cam- 
pus in downtown Bath; it has 
its own staff of 12. but the 
chairman of the board re- 
mains Professor Rodney 
Quayle. the university vice- 

“Apart from the financial 
benefit, SWIRL is a great wray 
of maintaining contact with 
the outside world. A small 
SWIRL contract can lead to 
something much bigger for the 
university staff,” Professor 
Quayle said. 


Ernest Ireland Construction Ltd. 
PO Box 41 Green Pork Road 
Bath BA1 1XH 
Tel. (0225) 28441 




Honey^«Hes smaltmedimn and kgs Together, we can find the answers. 

...SSSSSSSSs. Honeywell 

H _ n Information Systems Limited, Great "Wtest Road, Brentford, Middlesex. TW8 9DH.Ttei:01-568 9191 1 

V^shouM be talking to each other. 

Bridge House, Putney Bridge, Fulham, London SW6 3JX. Tel: 01-788 7272 













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Law Report April 18 1986 House of Lords 

GLC post-abolition grants unlawful 

~ |AS£ in 




Regina t Greater London 
Council, Ex parte Westmin- 
ster City Council and Others 
Before Lord Bridge of Harwich, 
Lord Brandon of Oakbrook. 

Lord Tempieman. Lord Ackner 
and Lord Oliver of Aylmenon 
[Speeches sold April 17] 

Decisions by the Greater Lon- 
don Council in February 1 986 to 
allocate funds to the loner 
London Interim Education 
Authority and to various vol- 
untary organizations and the 
Roundhouse Trust to meet their 
needs during the financial year 
1986-87 were ultra vires and 

The House of Lords (Lord 
Bridge dissenting as to the 
voluntary organizations and the 
Roundhouse Trust! dismissed 
an appeal by the GLC from the 
Court of Appeal (Lord Justice 
O'Connor. Lord Justice Parker 
and Lord Justice Noursel (The 
Times March 241 who had 
reversed Mr Justice Mac- 
pherson ( The Times March 4). 

Mr Roger Henderson. QC and 
Mr Charles George for the GLC; 
Mr Andrew Collins. QC and Mr 
Mark Lowe for the applicants 
for judicial review of the GLCs 
decisions. Westminster City 
Council and seven other coun- 
cils in Greater London. 

posed ILIEA grant had been 
based that its declared purpose 
had been to make good an 
anticipated shortfall in the new 
ILLEA's income raised by pra- 

iries foat wauld twt accrue until rowing expenses of 1986-87. 
a future financial year. The payment of £25 million 

The difficulty in the way of to the umbrella organizations 
that submission, and the author- had been made to enable the 

.l. /«■ /> i:_j «•><■ nrnKmll, nmamMItniK Id aO 111 

cept from the rates, subject as it 
would be to an anticipated 
maximum prescribed by the 
secretary of state and supple- 
mented by the appropriate block 
gram, to meet all ibe liabilities 
that the new ILIEA wished to 

in the context of a statute 
containing the express financial 
provisions to which bis Lord- 
ship bad drawn attention, in 
particular in sections 68(1) and 
(A) and 71(2), it seemed to him 
that nothing short of a dear 
express provision elsewhere in 
the Act enabling the GLC 
before abolition, to make grants 

ity on which the GLC relied, was 
the decision of the House of 

umbrella organizations to do in 
1986-87 that which the GLC 


Lords in Manchester Cay Coun- could not have done m 1986-87. 

ctl v Greater Manchester County 
Council (( 1 980) 78 LGR 560). 
That case had concerned a 

Further, the 1985 Act was 
inconsistent with the existence 
of any power on the part of the 

I 1141 WX IMU wuuiiivw r — -- — 

proposed expenditure of £1. 12 GLC to make provision m 1985- 
million to establish a mm to 86 for forward funding of the 

UlllUgU ID G3I4PUM1 S UUUl Ul «v iui iwwuiii f 

provide free or assisted places act administrative expenses of vol- 
independem schools. The sum untary organizations m 1986- 

was intended to be applied in 
providing bursaries payable an- 
nually throughout seven years. 

The Act had abolished the 
GLC on April 1, 1986. The 

nuoilj UHDUgllDUt 7 W * W **' VM -V V. 

The Court of Appeal and the powers and responsibilities of 
House of Lords had held the the GLC with regard to voL 

before abolition, to make grants 
to the ILIEA could provide the 

LORD BRIDGE said that by 
section I of the Local Govern- 
ment Act 1985 the GLC had 
ceased to exist on April 1. 1986. 
Anticipating abolition, the GLC 
had decided to make, inter alia. 
allocations of (I) up to £40 
million to the Inner London 
Interim Education Authority, 
which was to replace the ILEA 
on April I; (21 up to £25 million 
to be paid to certain voluntary 
organizations; and (3) up to a 
sum slightly in excess of £11 
million to the Roundhouse 

On the next day. February 12, 
the respondent councils had 
sought and obtained {cave to 
challenge the allocation de- 
cisions by application (or ju- 
dicial review and an interim 
injunction to restrain the GLC 
fiom parting with funds pursu- 
ant to the allocation decisions or 
any spending decisions within 
their ambit. 

necessary power to do so. 

The GLC relied on section 
97(1) of the 1985 Act and 
section IK of the Local Gov- 
ernment Act (972 as giving 
them that power, but to extract 
from them the power to make 
such a grant in sufficiently dear 
terms to override the restric- 
tions on the funding of the new 
ILIEA implicit in sections 68 io 
73 was a manifestly hopeless 
task. It followed that the pro- 
posed IDEA gram was dearly 
ultra vires. 

The proposed voluntary 
organizations gram raised a 
different problem. Over the 
years the GLC had been making 
grants to a number of voluntary 

They had been anxious to 
make provision to ensure that 
such of those organizations as 
might in due course find alter- 
native sponsors willing to pro- 
vide the funding necessary to 
their continued existence should 
not be forced to disband for lack 
of means to survive during the 
interim period from the aboli- 
tion of the GLC until such time 
as funds from alternative 
sources should become avail- 
able to them. 

Some 900 organizations were 
the potential beneficiaries, ‘‘um- 
brella organizations” being used 
as the machinery for giving 
effect to the GLCs intention. 

For example, the London 
Community Transport Associ- 

payment to the trustees to have 
been imra vires. 

His Lordship could find noth- 
ing in the single speech of Lord 
Keith of Kinfcel to support the 
view chat the decision of the 
House bad depended on some 
special exception to a general 
ride against what had been 
conveniently called “forward 
funding” by a local authority. 

In bis Lordship's view, the 
GLC had bad the necessary 

untary organizations had been 
assumed by the London bor- 
oughs with effect from April 1. 

It followed that the GLC had 
bad no power to make decisions 
affecting voluntary organiza- 
tions after April >. 1986. 

The GLC had had no power 
to interfere with the funding of 
any voluntary organization after 
its own abolition. 

His Lordship, in agreement 

power to include an element of with Lord Oliver, ©onridered 
forward funding, where there that the Manchester case was 

forward funding, where there 
was good reason to do so. in any 
grant to a voluntary organiza- 
tion that it had otherwise been 
authorized to support before the 
enactment of the 1985 Act. 

His Lordship did not consider 
that the proposed voluntary 
organizations gram was vitiated 
by the breach of a duty on the 
pari of the GLC to consult the 
respondent councils, either on 
the basis of a “legitimate 
expectation” of consultation 
{Council of Civil Service Onions 
v Minister for the Civil Service 

((1985] AC 341) or under section 
97(1) of the 1985 Act or section 
11 of the Local Government 
(Interim Provisions) Act 1984. 

His Lordship would accord- 
ingly dismiss the appeal in 
relation to the proposed ILIEA 
grant but allow it in relation to 
the proposed voluntary 
organizations grant and the 
Roundhouse grant. 

that the Manchester case was 
consistent with the principle 
that local government finance 
was conducted on an annual 
ha«at so that the 1985-86 GLC 
had had no power to expend its 
precepted funds in financing, 
directly or indirectly, the run- 
ning expenses of voluntary 
organizations for 1986-87. 

Moreover, in his Lordship's 
opinion the GLCs decisions on 
February 10 and 1! without 
prior consultation with the Lon- 
don boroughs had been unlaw- 
ful because section II of the 
1984 Act bad required consulta- 
tion to take place before the 
decisions had been made. 

His Lordship agreed with 
Lord Bridge’s alternative reason 
why the grant to ILIEA had been 

UKil anini- . , - — ■» — : — " . , , 

The appeal had nothing to do anon was the umbrella 
with the political wisdom or organization to receive a pay- 

unwisdom. propriety or im- 
propriety, of the decisions im- 

The respondents had through- 
out disclaimed any intention to 
challenge the decisions as being 
unreasonable in the 
4 edneshury sense ([ 1 948] l KB 

The GLC had been created l*y 
statute, bad been abolished by 

meat of £763.623 to finance its 
own operations and those of 24 
other named voluntary 
organizations concerned with 
the provision of transport for 
those in special need, and 
Shelter was to be the umbrella 
organization to receive funds 
destined for organizations con- 
cerned with homelessness. 

The respondents did not dis- 

that in his opinion all the 
forward funding decisions of the 
GLC bad been unlawful. 

The GLC had bad no power 
to make grants for 1986-87. If 
properly advised and acting in 
good faith it had had the power 
to make a grant in 1985-86 that 
enured for the benefit of a 
voluntary organization in future 
vears: for example, it could in 
1985-86 have made a gram for 
the purchase for a voluntary 
organization of a vehicle that 
was expected to be available to 
the organization for the next few 

LORD OLIVER said that the 
proposition for which the Man- 
chester case was authority was 
simply that, provided that the 
expenditure was one that prop- 
erly “fell to be defrayed” in the 
year in question, it did not 
become ultra vires merely be- 
cause it was an expenditure of a 
capital nature or an expenditure 
made in respect of costs that 
might not all be incurred in the 
year in question. 

It had, however, been axi- 
omatic to the decision that the 
expenditure there had been one 
that had properly “fallen to be 
defrayed” in the year in 

As his Lordship read the 
General Rate Act 1967 there 

was quite clearly a principle that 
local government finance was to 

statute, aa a ocen aoousncu uy hk i«(juuucmjuju local government nnance was to 

statute, and had throughout its pure that the GLC had power, if property advised and acting ^ conducted on an annual 
life had no power to act other- under a wide variety of statutory in good faith it could also have 

wise than as authorized by provisions, to make grants to all made in 1985-86 a grant that the His Lordship agreed with 
statute. The onlv questions in the voluntary organizations who organization was not bound to Rridre as to ILLEA. 

...I .,l. A *kar lha nmn, th» nntmliol h»ni>fin-inK nun/l in lOICIUi Fnr n,innli> 

SWIUW- 1UWWUIJ — - — — ly T . n* ■ 

the appeal were whether the were the potential beneficiaries 
several proposed grants were of the proposed voluntary 
grams that any Act of Par- organizations grant, so long as 

eiOJHa UUU mij VI » “I ww — 

lament authorized the GLC to the grant made to any orgamza- 


The old ILEA had been a 

lion in any financial year was 
limited to funding the expen- 

I lie VIU fWU tAUi IKiJtraW «v 

special committee of the GLC diiare of that organization to be 
and had expired with it. The incurred in the same financial 

new ILIEA was an independent 

authority established by section 

respondents' primary 

ailuiDiuj wavtuuvi* uj - “v- rv* — “ e 

18 of the 1985 Act Complete submission was that, quite in- 

% HovwinrlafitUi nf (fiP rtf lflP> 

and comprehensive provision dependeniiy of the effect of the 
for the financing of the new provisions of the 1985 Act 
ILIEA was made by Part VIII of associated with the abolition of 

the Art. 

the GLC. and save in special 

It was dear from the report to circumstances, a local authority 
the GLCs policy, and resources had no power to expend its 

. - — •— - - ■■ikU'k vkb . wtrAtiiin in nnA ftnbnrial vMT tn 

organization was not bound to 
spend in 1985-86. For example, 
it could in 1985-86 have made a 
grant to meet the administrative 
expenses of an organization 
whose financial year at the date 
of grant ended after the follow- 
ing March 31, 1986. 

And the GLC might have 
made a grant to enable an 
organization to satisfy or secure 
future payments that the 
organization had contracted to 

But the GLC had not been 
entitled to arrange in 1985-86 
for the amount and distribution 

His Lordship agreed with 
Lon) Bridge as to IuEA. 

Lord Brandon agreed with 
Lord Bridge that the GLCs 
decision with regard to IUEA 
had been unlawful and with 
Lord Tempieman that the de- 
cision in respect of the vol- 
untary organizations and the 
Roundhouse bad been unlawful. 

Lord Ackner agreed with Lord 
Bridge and Lord Tempieman as 
to ILIEA, with Lord 
Tempieman as to the voluntary 
organizations and the Round- 
house and with Lord 
Tempieman and Lord Oliver as 

committee on which the -d©- revenue in one financial year to 
cision to recommend the pro- make provision to meet liabrl- 

of grants to be enjoyed out of to the Manchester case. 

London rates by voluntary 
organizations in 1986-87 for the 

Solicitors: Mr R. A. L anh a m ; 
Mr G. Matthew Ives. 

Legitimation does not affect title 

Dunbar ▼ Lord Advocate and 

Before Lord Keith of Kinkel. 
Lord Fraser of Tullybehon. 
Lord Griffiths. Lord Mackay of 
Qashfem and Lord Oliver of 

[Speeches sold April 17] 

Where the appellant, a mem- 
ber of the senior stirps, was 
illegitimate and the succession 
to a baronetcy had accordingly 
passed to the junior stirps. the 
appellant's subsequent legitima- 
tion by the Legitimation (Scot- 
land) Act 1968 did not result in 
the succession to the baronetcy 
reverting to ihe senior stirps. 

The House of Lords dis- 
missed an appeal by William 
Henry George Dunbar of 
Kilconzie from the First Di- 
vision of the Inner House of (he 
Court of Session (Lord Emslie, 
Lord President. Lord Cameron 
and Lord Grieve) on December 
21. 1984, who had affirmed an 
interlocutor of the Lord Lyon 
King of Arms. 

Mr M. S. R. Bruce. QC and Sir 
Crispin Agnew of Lochnaw 
(both of (he Scottish Bar) for the 
appellant: Mr W. A. Nimmo- 
Smilh. QC and Mr 8. A. Kerr 
(both of the Scottish Bar) for the 
respondents, the Lord Advocate 
and Mr Jean Ivor Dunbar. 

LORD KEITH said that by 
letters patent dated March 29, 
1694. William and Mary had 

1953. Adrian Ivor Dunbar, the 
eldest surviving son of the 
deceased Clement Adrian Dun- 
bar. younger brother of Richard 
Taylor Dunbar, father of the 
11th baronet and of the appel- 

lant. had successfully petitioned 
the Lord Lyon King of Arms for 

the Lord Lyon King of Arms for 
matriculation in his name of the 
arms of Dunbar of Mochrum 
and had thus come to be 
recognized as the 12th baronet. 

The 1 2th baronet had died on 
June 14, 1977. leaving a son 
Jean Ivor Dunbar, the second 

The nature of the present 
proceedings was a petition pre- 
sented to the Lord Lyon King of 
Arms by the appellant, on 
September 9, 1982, seeking 
matriculation in his own name 
of the arms of Dunbar of 
Mochrum, so as to demonstrate 
his succession to the baronetcy. 

The appellant accepted that 
he had been in no position to 
dispute the succession of the 
12th baronet on January 25, 

He claimed, however, that his 
recognition as legitimate under 
the law of Scotland on June 8. 
1968. had had the effect of then 
conferring on him the status of 
heir male of the body of the first 

By virtue of section 8(4) of the 
1968 Act the letters patent of 
1694 creating the baronetcy fell 

successor should be the heir 
male of the immediately preced- 
ing heir male of the body. 

U did not necessarily follow, 
however, that the decision of the 
First Division was incorrect. 

in the course of his judgment, 
the Lord President bad said: 

the destination itself envisaged 
that a prior stirps might come 
into existence so as to dispossess 
a posterior stirps that already 
had members in existence {Mel- 
ville v Bruce ((1677) M 14880). 

In his Lordship's opinion, 
considerations of reason and 

“In terms of this destination it is justice favoured the conclusion 
impossible, where the succes- that the appellant’s legitimation 

sion has opened to a member of 
a junior stirps, that any person 
could be bom to, and claim to 
succeed by virtue of member- 
ship of, a senior stirps. because 
die title can only descend upon 
exhaustion of that senior 

exhaustion of that senior 

When the 11th baronet had 
died in 1953, the stirps beaded 
by his father, who was also the 
father or the appellant, bad 
indeed become exhausted, and 
the succession had property 
opened to the stirps headed by 
his younger brother Cement, 
then represented by his son 
Adrian, who had become the 
12th baronet 

The question was whether the 
legitimation 1 5 years later of the 
appellant whose father had died 
28 years earlier, could have the 
effect of reviving the previously 

so long after the succession had 
rightfully passed to the junior 
stirps should not result in its 
reverting to the previously ex- 
tinct senior stirps unless that 
result was compelled by some 
provision of the 1 968 Act 

The Act was careful to avoid 
any retrospective effect and. in 
so far as there was no clear 
contrary provision, should not 
be so construed as to disturb 
legitimate expectations. 

His Lordship was unable to 
accept the appellant's argument 
that the effect of section 4<i) was 
unequivocally to confer on the 
appellant the right as legitimate 
son of his father to succeed to 
the baronetcy as heir male of the 
body of the first baronet either 
in place of the 12th baronet or 
alternatively on his death. 

The time for the appellant to 

extinct stirps to the effert of succeed to the baronetcy, if he 

displacing the junior stirps into 
which the title had quite prop- 
erly descended in 1953. 

The problem was an entirely 

was to succeed at alL had been 
on the death in 1 953 of his elder 
half-brother, the 11 tit baronet. 
At that time he could not have 

ronferT^ffie tide and d^nity^ - 

a knight baronet on James co^p jnto ope ratmn after the 

Dunbar of Mochrum. The bar- 
onetcy had been destined to the 
first baronet and the heirs male 
of his body. 

The title had duly descended 
to Sir Richard Sutherland Dun- 
tar, 11th baronet who had 
succeeded on January’ 23. 1953. 
bur died two days faier without 
male issue. 

His father. Richard Taylor 
Dunbar, had died in 1940 
having been twice married. The 
first marriage, in 1873. had been 
to the mother of the 1 1th 

to be treated, for the purposes of which there did not appear to be 
succession thereto, as having available any applicable prec- 
come into operation after the edenis or principles, 
commencement of the Act. The situation could not be 

commencement of the Act. 

Accordingly, he submitted, 
his original bmh as illegitimate 
had been no obstacle to his 
succeeding to the baronetcy on 
June 8. 1968. to the effect of 
ousting the 12th baronet, or at 
any event to his succeeding 
thereto on the latter's death on 
June 14, 1977. 

His Lordship was unable to 
agree with the First Division 
that it was a necessary condition 
of succeeding as heir male of the 
body of an institute that the 

novel one. for the solution of and had not succeeded, 
which there did not appear to be The 1968 Act had not con- 
available any applicable prec- ferrcd on him the right to 
edenis or principles. succeed at some later and 

The situation could not be unnatural time not contem- 

equiparaied to the birth of a 
posthumous child in the senior 

stirps. as to whom the maxim 
nasciturus pro iam nolo habetur 
applied, nor to the reappearance 
of a missing heir long believed 
to be dead. 

Such persons had truly been 
entitled ro succeed at the time 
when the succession had erro- 
neously been thought to have 
opened to the junior stirps. 

Nor could the situation be 
equiparated to the case where 

plated by the grant of the letters 
patent, being a right that could 
not possibly nave been available 
to an heir who had throughout 
been legitimate. 

Lord Fraser, Lord Griffiths, 
Lord Mackay and Lord Oliver 

Solicitors: Richards Butler for 
Beveridge & Kellas. WS. Edin- 
burgh; Treasury Solicitor. Mc- 
Kenna & Co for Dundas & 
Wilson. CS. Edinburgh. 


The second, on February 5, 
1912, had been to Grace Mary 
Stanton, and the appellant was 
the elder son of that marriage. 
He had. however, been born 
illegitimate, because at the date 
of his birth. June 10. 1893. his 
father had still been married to 
the mother of the ilth baronet. 

It appeared ‘that that lady bad 
been believed to be no longer 
living when, on March I !. 1890. 
the appellant’s parents had gone 
through a ceremony of marriage 
at Ramsgate. She had not in fact 
died until June 2. 1910. 

By the combined effect of 
sections 4(») and 5(1) of the 1968 
Act the appellant, for its pur- 
poses and subject to its pro- 
visions. had come to be 

Tribunal entitled to its decision 

recognized as legitimate under 
the law of Scotland with effect 
from the commencement of the 
Act on June 8. 1968. 

Following (he death of the 
lth baronet on January 25. 

Makin t Greens Motors 
(Bridport) Ltd 

Before Lord Justice May, Lord 
Justice Ralph Gibson and Sir 
David Cairns 
{Judgment given April 15] 

Although the sending by an 
employer to his employee of a 
P4S tax form was not conclusive 
evidence that the employee had 
been dismissed fby itself it was 
equally consistent with the em- 
ployee having resigned), it was 
evidence upon which an indus- 
trial tribunal was entitled to 
conclude that in ihe circum- 
stances the employee had been 

Where an employer by a 
misrepresentation had induced 
an employee to sign a letter of 
resignation, the employee not 
appreciating that it was such a 
letter, the employer could not 

thereafter rely upon the letter to 
show that (be employee tad not 
been dismissed, even though the 
misreprepresentation had not 
been fraudulent and the em- 
ployee could not make out a 
plea of non est factum. 

The Court of Appeal so held 

allowing an appeal by the ap- 
plicant. Mr Roger Makin. 
against a decision of the 
Employment Appeal Tribunal 
(Sir Ralph Kilner Brown presid- 
ing). which on July 26. 1985 had 
allowed an appeal by his former 
employer. Greens Motors 
(Bridport) Ltd. from a 
determination of an industrial 
tribunal that he had been un- 
fairly dismissed. 

Miss Linda Litchfield for the 
applicant; Mr Ian Davies for the 

that the industrial tribunal had 
found that the applicant had 
signed a letter which he had not 
read and which had been par- 
tially covered by other papers, 
having been told by the em- 
ployer that it was a formality to 
enable the employer to be 
reimbursed for statutory sick 
pay which it was paying to the 

In Tact the letter said that the 
applicant was resigning, giving 
two months' notice. 

Although another tribunal 

might have found the facts 
differently, there was no basis 
upon which the findings could 
be said to be perverse. 

Lord Justice Ralph Gibson 
and Sir Davis Cairns delivered 
concurring judgments. 

Solicitors: Nantes & Wvlde, 
Bridport: Milne & Lyali. 


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Up to 30% discount on new ears 


Meta Sul PQ 
Me 10 . Mr 

Ur* Matter E3-252 
Meta S W 83Q £3,7® 

Me JO. Mr £4265 

Mra MG £4.789 

Metre 13 E3£50 


38 * “■ £ @S 

Maestra 13K Jane 

Mx&d MG ff> SMS 

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tyncx. asp SM93 


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f»M13Esf £5539 
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Rasta 1100 Pop 

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Bristol Street Motors ^ 

FROM £27.75 +vat 
TEL: CaBum Mine 539 8282 

1 ^ 1 1 Tfvl ? ^ ■ ? 1 7 r ■ ■ V ' ' r 1 4 

mats mu fee offices 
i Habere. London. WC1V 
ri 4JY. 

London. SW1B _ _ 

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Jftgttr& Daimler Authorised Dealers 

* . h 

The bureaucrats in Brussels 
are at it again. This time they 
are reported to be planning an 
overall speed limit for. an 
Common Market countries. 
And that would almost cer- 
tainly mean reduced maxi- 
mum speeds for Germany, at 
present unlimited, Italy 
(S7mph)and France (82mph).- 

Th c favoure d new maxi- 
mum appears to be the 7Smph 
(l20kph) which already ap- 
plies m Belgium and Spain. It 
is five mpb above the British 
limit and 13mph above the 

But as the West German 
government discovered only 
recently, any attempt to inter- 
fere with the German drivers' 
much loved freedom from 
speed limits brings it into 
direct contact with the Ger- 
man motor industry, the most 
powerful and profitable in 
Europe. It is already mourning 
a very professionally orga- 
nized lobby to scupper the 
Brussels move. 

. Public relations representa- 
tives were in London recently 
armed with impressive bun- 
dles of well-researched materi- 
al designed to make us rush to 
the barricades to stand shoul- 
der to shoulder with our 
German brethern in defence 
of their beloved autobahns. 

Their case follows four 
main themes. First, the mas- 
sive investigation into the 
effect of high speed travel on 
the pollution of German for- 
ests proved that speed is not a 
significant .factor. Secondly, 
despite the absence of a speed 
limit the German motorway 
system is the safest in Europe. 
Thirdly, road conditions differ 
enormously from country to 
country. Fourthly, more re- 
strictions on speed would help 
the Japanese mount a new 
sales attack on Europe. 

The findings of the report 
into the relationship of speed 
to pollution are complex and 
one for experts to interpret. 
The others however are well 
within the purview of ordi- 
nary motorists. On the baas of 
the number of fatalities for 
every one thousand million 
kilometres travelled there are 
7.4 in West Germany com- 
pared with 9.1 in Britain, 9.3 
m France and 8.9 in Italy. 
Spain is the wont with 10.1. 

But the German argument 
is self-defeating because it 
goes on to point out that road 
conditions differ enormously 
from country to country and 
that can be as big a contribut- 
ing factor to accidents as 

Hie Japanese issue is just as 
contentious. The Germans, 
would have us believe that the 
Japanese hordes are gathering .. 

- • -s ■ •■■■/. T.S 

ftV ■* SferLlV* ■* " 

Honda's new Accord Aerodeck Executive. 

The Semperit Hi-life tyre under test. 

for a new invasion. They have 
apparently established so 
many Japanese car factories in 
America in recent years that 
they now have a surplus of at 
least another 450,000 Japa- 
nese made cars to offload in 
Europe this year. 

The result according to the 
Germans would be a two- 
pronged loss to European car 
makers affecting their sales at 
home and in their big Ameri- 
can export market. By Europe- 
an, the Germans really mean 
German and their caishave to 
cope with the fastest road 
system in the world; a major 
selling factor compared with 
the less sporty image of speed 
restricted Japanese cars. To 
introduce a common EEC 
speed limit of 75mpb would 
be to hand hundreds of thou- 
sands of sales to the Japanese 
on a plate say motor chiefs in 
Munich, Stnttgart and 

The arguments will be flying 
about for months, maybe even 
years before Brussels converts 
words into action. But if at the 
. end of the day the 75mpb 
maximum does emerge it will 
in my view be no bad Thing. 
An increase of 5mpb in Brit- 
ain would at least be nearer 
the speed most people travel 
today in the overtaking lane. 

Austrian tyres 

: Semperit,, the Austrian- 
based' tyre manufacturer, is 
launching a TV campaign to 
get its name better known by 

British drivers. It has been 
selling replacement tyres here 
for many years but only is a 
low-key operation. 

Now with the help of its new 
Hi-life M601 tyre it is prepar- 
ing to do battle with Good- 
year, Michelin, Dunlop, 
Pirelli el aL Independent tests 
by the German Automobile 
Association placed the M601 
first in three performance 
categories of snow, ice, dry 
and low wear. In Britain 
‘'Which*' magazine reported 
that it had more “above- 
average" ratings than any of 
the competitive tyres it tested. 

Honda Aerodeck 

Regular readers of this col- 
umn will know by now that I 
am a long-standing enthusiast 
of Honda cars m general and 
Honda engineering in particu- 
lar. When I road-tested the 
1986 version of the Accord 
saloon a few months ago I 
reported that it had all the. 

hallmar ks of a successful front 

wheel drive executive car. 

The news from Japan that 
an attractive “tong roof” 
hatchback-cum-estate car ver- 
sion would be joining the 
saloon early this year whetted 
my appetite still further. Now 
that I have experienced it in 
the flesh I am disappointed. 

The very distinctive body 
shape of the Accord 2 litre 
Executive Aerodeck is certain- 
ly attractive with its long, 
purposeful lines featuring an 

unusual glass panel in the roof 
above the rear hatch. But the 
practicality of the design is in 
my view marred by the ab- 
sence of a second set of doors. 

The original Honda .Accord 
was designed with two doors 
to justify its billing as a spam 
hatchback. The appearance of 
the Aerodeck with its much 
larger expanse of glass and 
estate car appendages shouts 
“family transport" and as 
such should have the conve- 
nience of Four doors. 

The automatic saloon ver- 
sion with a new four-speed 
box featuring a fuel saving 
“lock-up” on second, third 
and fourth gears was both 
smooth and quiet With the 
same box the Aerodeck trans- 
mission was more noisy and 
certainly not jerk free. 1 think 
this could in part be due to the 
big gap between third and 
fourth gears. 

I was also disappointed by 
the sloppy ride on even mar- 
ginally rough surfaces. It re- 
minded me of early Honda 
models which had been dearly 
set up for American tastes and 
were notable for their over- 
busy suspensions. 

Despite these shortcomings 
the Aerodeck is a well fin- 
ished, refined product with so 
far as 1 can find has no actual 
rival in Britain. It offers a 

Vital statistics 

Model: Honda Aerodeck 
Price: £8.400 

Engine: 1955cc, 12 valves, 4 

Performance: 0-60mph 
I Isecs, max speed !08tnph 
Official consumption: Ur- 
ban 28.5mpg, 56mph 44.8mpg 
and 7Smph 35.8mpg 
Length: 14.2ft 
Insurance: Group 8 

unique combination of estate 
car and coupe which is child's 
play to drive with its automat- 
ic box and power steering It is 
an extremely well-appointed 
and comfortable four sea ter. 

At £8,400 it costs £390 less 
than the equivalent four door 
Accord saloon. Surprisingly 
the load carrying capacity of 
the Aerodeck is slightly down 
on the saloon but can be 
increased by folding either or 
both of the two halves of the 
rear seat. The rear hatch does 
not extend down to the floor 
leaving an appreciable obsta- 
cle to heavy luggage. 

By now it will be apparent 
that I prefer the four door 
saloon and have no hesitation 
in recommending it as having 
more merit than the latest 
addition to the Honda range. 


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ssziio«JuUi- ■ -.w-..-, _r.,. 


SSmooet USVtt.Cflbw'tXrd'ii JOGum.-. £229*0 

B4 XJS HE. «'»*' tSP » 'Efl -to-. QZ&30 

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The Jubilee XJS. the Jaguar 7-seater 26, 
the &«eater 6 <fc Range Ro*w, the hril 
*86 Jaguar demo fleet AU on view now 

Service: 01-398 8366 


aOODnw.ortr C2T2BB 

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mi Qtumo TURBO 1935 C 
(ffinatfiS/R an cotocqflri. 
ostia non. SPOO 
MM QUATTRO 1000 i98S a 
i/f. cate* mart, 100 QO tea- 

Min IBB MMNT CO 1966 C. 
ins atfi.ZOaoms.iBi£HJSM 
MiUSS QUATTRO 1985 C.s fi 

3000 ink. rod. _TW.«i 

Aim BB 19B6 C. 


ki*. 3ctooo ns, «_m2sa 

3^.000 man. nrcOrnt condi- 
tion. full IQBS Iprctflcasan. 
u»ch. h«Ms etc., dark mournc 
oroe. 0KHMOP r mn for *ato. 
owner eoegrauna Cl 995. Per 
OuiCS Ml* Trl >0230) 34054. 

QUATM niMC ■ 81 IWi LHD 
Sue or au nine. 30000 mUes. 
SK A> condtU on 
CO. 995 o.a.0. TW: Oi 247 

7253d Ot STD 7923 no. 
IMf Cntai 


Motox ^ 

NH (M Hdcaon -ton SB a 
Ilk Scnai roc. bfS Qrtwn 
dab. trees, eksae 
8As«r» meto , 
assess, mecrc tea t l ooob. 
M »rvcf raarr. 6 S 0 C 
«ies C«59S 

an tan, s*a «wa swo* 
tract kuois. nee isbl me 
oaoer tat Sftce !SXIO 
nae, .as ms Ur* boftr =**■ 
SMUy ■•esa.-najBB 

m (A) J ll~ -| MB 

M*. Cues rae ervtoai t W. 
cad Sen; smtf, re* »a- 
reSs sac * cne aner. Ms 
tenet r^sn. 'SMS 

oats KM* 

«SS (S) fetdntoz 266 T. 

5-ntte scyi res ties on 
sue! then* ssrxt. cat 
■MU one tarts. uu> ssme t 
Mary. U M n% . 01.4*5 


(B8E75) 71011 

280 TE Estate 

IW)T AIRS, Urou blur- mH. 
sr.000 mk. PSH Pumrrr 

Slim Mi wirf alloys, ex 

C rrmr/y rare car 

ALSO MHfmO <50 SCL. 
74 auto. Com 08 OO mifc-v. 
tSl inuont rota: for w 
HE NO III 6CT Idrol lor 
CiiNlin man. 14.450 

TU: 1 05241 732208 



13B5 One titles cwne use 
Dkjt/vtuw mervr cone & 
rone am mdmwq pfttne 
tat. amaatise eotstitisit 


61-63 8390 

(0732) 862167 ViJ 

I J (0892) 823111 

ML HU. 1 




Where Service Comes First And Lasts. . 

•44 LUX 1902. 38jOOO nules. 
fSH. Oonrds red/ black im. IDO 
m ec um ilo a Anoys. »«r»o. lm- 
IHInlMf. Cl 1.995. Uwl 
Miom. Sunm Rye 0797 
235334 or 0434 714S38 CEtoea) 

*44 LUX Wood. A Reg -85. 05- 
var. CSR. 7 PUMk. FnU 
- nn — htnory. ci2JBsa 
CMM Cn 109 B ramf ort 
Rood. MA 0473 60451 

1982 E TYPE U ■ MK T BL 

Totally mr<f c ji )o miny restored. 
Not to be coni used wttb other re- 
boflds. SUwr grey wtUi blue 
trtm.wuh matching blue miner 
imertor. CWW. ah Syocro gem- 
box. Extremely me i— e ng e . 
Prtnaane iwnmim . viewtog m- 

tOO «- 1981 model Red 

35 ooo mis. Air tone Cruise 
conliol Rear seats Rerrnl lull 
v-rvire By main agenia. SEereO 
nurtlr Remote control Cobra 
alarm sysit-tn- Pm) me c oodl 
non £17.493 no oilers. Tel 
0536 220009 

IKE. ■ IM Auto ESP 
BiauounM Toronto Stereo Mel 
Snier Blue Ctoth Interior. 
12 500 Miles Immaculate Con 
dinon ill 350 ooo lor auicfc 
sole Td Mrs Roar Ingram on 
01 681 2600 

MERCEDES 20OT Estate. Ivory. 
1903 many extras, beautiful 
condition throughout, current 
warrants' ann service notary 
availonie Mote ionret sale, 
to. 950 on o Tel: <0249i 

816436 or 01-624 7618 

500 ML. SMS AS neo» condiuon. 
Silver Blue met 1 7.000 rrulev I 
careful malure owner. Rear 
seal CruMe control. ABS New 
lyres £23.000 0242 524498 
OH. 0242 77788 home T. 

30 SL -81 X. Mel silver Grey 
with blue utJtKUsiery. Aulo mai 
ir OuNeconlrol Only 17.000 
mk PSH Superb. £16 500 
Trt 0243 7B2B98 dOV. 0243 
512277 eves. wVend 


MOT and ux. one owner. 
54.000 miles. Extras Beautiful 
CV. CO. 750 01-624 82621TI 
200 T ESTATE V r*-q Sunroof. 
Beige, l owner luviory. rear 
child vat. stereo px pass, au 
laoe £7.495 0270 587711 T 
IM C US B Aulo bngni red Sun 
root R.'C A, nh Him* 
£ ! 1.450 Tel Ol 736 5135 T 
MERCEDES 350 &L |472. MeUI 
be silver H S tops £7250. 
0908 611508 

The Pnce is ihgnt. cau us now 
0203 562787iT» 

The Prxr is Rignl. Call us Now 
0203 552787/71 
The Price a Rupu. Call us Now 
0203 56278TiTi 
The Price r. Riqnl Call us Now. 
0203 562787. Ti 


'( r*- wwhEJlc&KxVtjj 

CoaxoM boqs. hil servica 
hoary. 36.000 mm. Rote 
Royce gjoandad wan-aniy. 


1978 ROUS ROYCE SOrar 
Shadow II Shall gnsy with Hue 
fade. 44S00 moas. FuU servica 

hoary C15S50 

1977 ROLLS ROYCE Steer 
Wrath n wah elacinc dmsoii. 
Exeter bk». imumea manor. 
Mi service nctory. £15.750. 
1968 ROUS ROYCE Steer 
Cloud ■ Sand and UM. 
bagi aaenor. a superb an^- 
nai example, reanmeaty 

Med m £14.950. 

ms ROLLS ROYCE Fbtatei I 
Boats TaM Tourer, profnv 
uanafly stored snee Chassis 
lOwants resnraaon. 



frumpy 1966. fletewy mte- 
jjf ooiy Hone Gbotu rtb 
□tent nee. 

£55.000 no offers. 

(0670) 519137 

after 6 pm. 

Oiler Bentley Mubome Tur- 
C« finished m MaWk BUCK 

wun magnolia inn Fitted 

wnh wnnewaU tyng, goM 
flying Bentley hedge. 

Full Sen ice lustary. 

07542 47848. 

MAY 1980 

37.000 miles. Service bistory. 
Eacclimi ctmdiuoa. 

Sepcrb nbc at OMSK. 

Courts Garages 
BracLadl 0344 478228 
Siooah 0753 653285 
Sm 9734 734968 

8ILVOB CLOUD n. l owner. 
Dawn wue grey Interior. 
80 COO num. Toiced to June. 
MOT ID July Exrcflent rondl- 
Dcui Often around CI4 jOOO. 


M.VEX SPIRtr 92. Coral 

red magnolia ewerflm root. Re- 
dtaonone. IIJOQ mhi 
£39.500 Penn 10494811 8671. 

WtADOW II 1979. lull history. In 
walnut brown wnh magnolia 
moe piped brown. 58.000 ms. 
preohnr rondlUm Ihrouahc-ul. 
car lelrphone os opnion. 
£16.995 Tel Mr Russell Ol 501 
0622 and office Ol 519 7028. 


Con tinned oo page 36 


3S0 SI- 


MO CE 1901 LHD. Black. 
66.000m. leather. CSR. FSH. 
£6.950 025125 2806 Evr* 
W. ends 01 543 5727 work 

500 XL INS Mel silver blue. fnD 
spec, immaculate 37.COO mMes. 
FSH. £15.750 for guide safe 
1 05351 60541. 

300 St Brand new. Red. hard 
and *o*l log*. unwantrd 
present, oners. Office nrs only 
Mr. Thomson 021 430 3333. 


I owner. Low mileage LHD 
Every extra. Ateotuiely tmmae- 
ulale. £8.950. 01-348 9378 

50 SPORTS. 1977. Many ex- 
tra*. Immaculate condition. 
FSH. £9.450. View anywhere. 
Tel. 061 440 8460. 


FIESTA 1100! — _CUaj50 

ESCORT 1-31 5-dr £169-98 

QFHON 1.4! 118178 

SERRA 1£L E2B1-49 

CAPRI 1-6 Ixsar -£ 1«-52 

GRANADA 20600 £Z71JJ8 

The Mote mornWy ranOE an btecd on a 3 ye*. 60000 mM MymMttnjd 
ana a nefudag a 74 hr l e ptemew vUtefe and dMneied i i|wi a tfw 
UK MuMod For seated motions on DwabM or lor my Rxd wteda 

MOTOfl cmnucTS ltd. 

V 1 ' 1 ti ' l.W - 


1 * seconds. 1» 36 mh 

juniper. 14J500 mues. As new. 
suner atenm. Soot root. 060 to 

Mach tolenor. low 
Taxed mm MOT Ml 
owned fnam new. PWMW; 
exceOenl condition. £6.500 
DM*. T«: 0633 876006 anytime 

A rag VOLVO 300 CL Auto 

Four True*. 7.000 iMtc*. AS 
extras flow Mirh. cctJJ gnanO. 
£3.760. Tot 0624 22000. 

£8 AGO OI-EB1 4178.T. 
ASTRA C1E UL 1983. red. Im 
maculate. 1 owner, sun roof. 

Bum and rear tog W ps- rateg. 
£4196 one. TH Q2BO BI232S. 
IMS RBdrracn GT 1400 Mflra 
FSH. while BtartttoWiorowp- 
«r going abroad. LSAOO as new 
04867 89417. 

nUCT 3000 Mb 3 19 64 Wire 
wheels. O/ drive good on*** 
compieer example. fidjafiOONO 
Tot 0484 864430. 


alta xom am xs mw. 

A RECjadlo raosolte. sunroof 
etc. 39-000 miles .vary good 
CaadX&EOO TCL.-01-499-9S12. 

'*1905 acSSomlter^W^ * jjjy uSt ta ^aSoS ^tSSL 

^66 'oSSTaSora •»«. £io.6oa osaa 720237. 

AUFAJHJETTA lj 1982- Sil- 
ver. Amadoo R‘- 

Cass. E2ASO. 01-670 2986 T 
power MS cm ahto. B6 
medcL Wnh»« rperCfi.TSO. 01 
402 3214. .0860 S58*9. 

Davies 0462-26291 (Mon-SMI 

saffli Hi 

White ' tan mi. ESR. saooo 
(Mo. New dutch. Cxceoent Coo 
dtooo. tllSO. Chorleywood 
. 5196 eves/wfcend 

SIX SC SPORT 1983 A. Stele 
Mae. sports *ea». 32.000 miles. 
1 owner. FSH. Taxed, temur 
rood. £18.996 Oho. 0302 
23073 or 638306 after 6.T 

blue doe vkm inlenor. 5300 
miles. £16^50 0277 216234 
idayi or 0277 354542 levesi. 

XJS ME Sebrtog red /block B no 
wered faffed. 7.600 mile* 
only- Super cover October 
1907. £17.760. WladBur 0753 


«S4<A). Sspphm l ownw 

1ZJJOO ORBS. ABS learner 
etc. As new. 


«***«*• BMW 


0388 870612 Office 
8905 778540 HOM 


■Mw saw m 84. uwsw 

metallic, a too- E-S-R-. 
nitovs. sow bar. stem. DM 

73 3650 

nunltl £8.900.00 

S29 V W. Mb 1*4. W** 

^SoVKQMO mw. Tdl 
01783 7809. 

-MWjHWMft AdawteBC 

■^Sriooeer amo. 

SSTas new. £7.700 ono. Te« 

oeSa 305» 

52- (VOIIT1M2T ewCte- 

condiuon. 20.000 mto £7^60. 
Tel: OMbrd 10866) 340001. 
«3S CM Manual. 1983 V. Met 
BhK/btoe veioor W-.e/w. or. 
computer, attnys. TRX tyres. 
FSH. warranty. 36-000 nds. 
R4JH& 01-681 4178.T 

3231 ddr ztonabar red. 19 86 ro . 
BdnrtOf. ptonaer s/C F&L 
aooo mDes. Eio^sa View 
WDUim/SUTTcy 0666 860407 

8X0 I B res. 9-800 mnes. met 
<jr*y. Blue mm. as new. 
£8.500 ovo tor quick nlL. 
Tei:Oi 878 12BT w/ends 

BMW 3X8 spec EdB. Y. to* owo. 
yoora lax. serv'd. PAS. B/R. 
AWT. P W.rtt EdblMedg. 
3S MW. 10707) 325077. 

3ZX 1SS4. black, eke wind, cw- 
trai lock. ettoifS. SBOO stereo, 
atarro. FSH. ex. JM. 930 oao- 
TW:. (088385) 2344 tCmdan) 

32W Nov SB- aaUy surer. 

28XXXhn.aerv Mol aHays. new- 
er sleerll W. HKWt* spec- £6.900. 
01422 6721 Unto. 

320L Low mSeaao. FSH. VGft 
£83100. TeL 01 

360 1034. 

m» BWtrs AB BWfMs m order. 
32H wV delivery Large 

TW 0227-793010 fT> 

8KW M CSS y 

928S. AUTO. 

Iris btounuse wW an root 
and bufgbr ataffl. Fatnonr 
Idas, mm aa 

R-Wtef nk &m k add* 

m BI 3S8 206 (Mrtdm). 

•H Uft, 1904 A Reg. AlDtoe 
white, beige trim, electric S'R. 
uany extras. POM. FSH 
£9.950. Tal «ve« 029671 2568. 

W MCM Sit SC 1982. MOT. 
22.000 mUB*. £18.000. Terms 
AV3U02*>. Cofcoevrr 573133. 

PORSCHE 92M2B4M0dWiT)ec 
SSI 3B600 nSB 4 speed 
A 1)10 Jibs ABS. PUB wwe 
trackjneiaiuc pewter. ftdl 
brown hide, piped beige, hdi 
-AFN notary. £26.000 TW 01 
Ml 4716. 

•u SC TARCA 1983 a reg. Fin- 
IM- to BteC* wuti toning 
tricar Fined front gnd tear 
Mien. 6 speed gearbox. Elec 
wmaowB. Radio /cassrOe. Fun 
wnur Msiary- £l 8.000 Tel: 
Office hn 0604 «01S1 T. 

824 Lax 1982 (Y1 l Owner 

18.000 MBe*. MW- ««* fuB 

Porsche Howry Showroom 
QoudUon. £8.760 TW 0690 
786X4 (Hew Forest). 

Reg- F Unshed to Guards Red 
Low Mileage Otters invited 
around £26000. On OBI- 772 
6902 Eves 031 3SMT37 

9385 AUTO, Osb torn meL Cun 
V; leather bd. usual extras. FSH. 
newt complete sendee, war- 
ranty. 38.000 mis. dealer Mr 

I tom. £17,480 01-681 417R. 
•U s Atm*. V red. silver, fun 
Navy Blue tenner. 29000 
mite*, l srevtou* owner, pr* 
Uarconddlpn. FSH. special 93B 
raft £19.7SO. 01-734 0643 

«u sc uau smart, dwt- 

tan ears. Cnoic* of 2 Aug W 

and Dec '81. CIBLfiOO and 
£16.950 Bom line exampl e s , 
FSH. TW 01 509 2149. 

944 LUX SB B Rea. Altane While. 
ESR. POM PAfi. Stereo. FSH. 
CnerteDed car. "w ibxx» 

rten CIS.OOA. 0865 723404 
9X1 SC SPORT. FSH. W Reg . 
While, new lyre*, absolutely 
sunefb cundlDoo. £13.460 ano 
Tel: 01-431 0S61 
*11 SPORT COUPE 1983 mdl- 
Slsfe Blue. 28-000 ms FuU 
snec toe PDM. new P7*,. Su- 
plnrh. £16260 BrnW 507634. 
9X1 TARCA. TV- 49,000 mb. 
Swtrrlprd sender from new. 
rjL9CO png. 0786 213627 


Phono Paftar Lock or 
Stava Cass NOWI 

it Setf-eniplove^and 
business users we teka 
any vahlds In any 
condition bs a dopodt. 
Free dsSvery anywhere 

in the UK. 


S 5E2pCE5 3 


90 QUATTRO, clwtesotcoi- 
oia and spec 
80 QUATTRO, choice ol col- 
our and spec. 

rad. low mdaage. 

For now Ouanros contact 
PM Goodyar lor avasatMty 
on 0203 G632S. 

(Opan Sundays) 

roof £6300 01-862 624Q. 
JAGUAR AUTO, bronae metallic. 
43003 nan Tax and MOT. 
£3-750. bnnucuUtt. nmiehSI 
108251 790383. 

JAOttAR/DAIMI m 1981/66. 
Choice al 45 whole range. 
£4 9964ft 9.000. EH. 19 Mn. 
PX. TH 01-064 9B33 Esaexm. 
1988 IACUAK US V1X Steel 
Mur, 2-BOO mUoL Cai-000. TR 
Sterer 0242 520441 Office 
0242 603613 Home 
XJS Sol Auto. 1983. SSOOO 
Mm, ted. t owner, prwune. 
£6.950. O&a wa 2609.T 
XJS SC 1982 Blue/brrge. vcc. 
FSH mum xb. £8.960 no of- 
fm Can now 0836 510594 




1985 C 383 SEUsral SJw. 
BUe dan inn, bus. km naa- 
sos. Mmgeg taeam 
cs ..iZJSSO 

fKS B 380 GO 4 gftwel drw 
estae. Compiny wM. car 
1 ZJXB mdes m885 

1883 T 588 sa S*w Blue. Gny 
«dDtr Dm. 1 wne. toe mftage 

TS8Z r ZW sf toffl TTtSJjff 

teen. Bmin manor tnm, ESA 

ttjuo m*5 nasse 

1981 X 288 SL Sand Red, Bess 
dun torn 32JXT Hides. AHov 
•Ms FSH.. — nuse 

TEL:(0492) 30456 


.1.000 miles. PTs an a ip 
sUavs. dl am. Owner 

Wort 81- 583 1S44 
pi 231- 

Home 81-3S0 B704. 


Examples at our eompelittw rates include: 

Etcet X8S km M pi Csta UEL.hR £K p 

SB 4 * km £63 pv Mn 748GL.hR 02 P> 

Siena 1SBQL hn <42 pt bh OE — ha H7 pv 

We mfl buy your enstmg can. 


Wo howe been established since 1969 and are a very 
experienced company, wnh a turnover hi cues* ol £4 
million, numbering amongst our clients we have 
maior companies and local aut hontex 

with one of the following schemes 

* Leadng * Contract Hke 

* Lease-Purchase * Asset Realisation 
Ideal for any business-— Jorge or small 

Any make — any model 


Burgrody Meuilic. un ckrfh. 
air. deeme sun root rlectnc 
windp»s tUoys. ndx> asr 
sene. Under I&OQG mikv 
UK Supplied. 


TEL: 0428 54951 

280 SL 

Dee -82 no. TWslIe 
green. 13.100 mis. 
Bteuyunkt radio cas- 
sette. Fuu spec. 


051 342 5590. 


(ndhrirfuai Lea»_KP-.Contract Hfra-or even cash 
Comprehensive Service & Puts FscSObb 


Mercedes 500SEI- T98< B 
legatered. Thd unniaadate 
or « Ma* wW b*»ck 
trait has a* cDdiMOMig. bu»- 
mne trannhsteen. Mgg. 
•wc. ustfoot £ umdows and 
many mom asxras. Only 
17.0tB flutes. 

£29. 950 

Stow BUflUHJ 

0709 375571 

99 TURBO, sun roof. S •sore d . 
Red Totally rebu4< Probably 

me nest. Mug sell oners ever 
£3.300 Tel. 0653 7137. 

900 TURBO. X REG 3 door. 
Silver. S Rcgf. Rad Cm 
£ 3460 nn/MiHUl 01668 
1222. Day 01-929 2787 



ARH 999 



A time for flowers. 

© Interflpra 

More than words can sav- 

«mnU8WI MUtMiun ««i« MSICBTTBB ON fB^itt,niUa 
ism rer sa*. THcwhonr oi la Europe. c®* * ma ^ ‘“■’Si 
6»71ZI non*. Tm-rtlOt 730 


PImw TsWhmit 7S7-2S32. 


WUBLEDON mcnnn scab 
wanted Mr (iMl» some***** 
Top imtn hm. oi 2 M 0*25. 

AD dMMfird advertisements 
can be accepted by Ktcphone 
(except Annourtcememsi. The 
deadline is 5.00pm 2 days prior 
to poWkatkjfl tie 5 00pm Mon- 
day for Wednesday!. SuwJd 
you wb to send an advertise- 
ment in writing pfcase mefude 
vour damme phone number. 
PARTMENT. If you have any 
quota or prob l e m s relating to 
your advertisement once it his 
appeared, please contact our 
Customer Services Department 
by telephone on 01-481 4100. 


n b vH» greai «mw*s **» ' “J 
tuvr to announce the dcaai °» 
Hu. on 3rd 4PTU I486. Wr a 

long and sucrt-suul 

ante Braving «tm 

fwtrtifwdm amt Hansealtsctie 
Assefcuraiw ' ermnttunm „ 
AMienpesetlsrfiall lHAVAGi 

Hn intwb 

Would Like To Hear From Au- 
Umr> H you *wie wnKen a 
nook, mat desert « pundcawon 

write lo DCDI'TMIO S THE 

book GUILD LTD. 25 W*. 
Slrert, Lev- 05. Suae* BN7 2LL 
WANTED Ttn * onai d 3 m nthv 
.rood 18 live with I amity loat 
lew UmwMe KMa. SfUL? 

hr* r* mnqe rm & hoard Ger- 
mans' avail $ LandauertWrch 
loentr 36. 8000 M unction 71 
FLT FtSHMG River TcsL See Ac- 
Wily Holidays 


Bonnams unique 6 w eek ItM 
tme course starts 28th April 
Lectures awd ns B » leaam? 
IK artists and cranemen- 
Prutcnul OI 583 0667 
FRIENDSHIP, Love or Marruee. 
AU apes, areas, cuteiuie. pwt 
.0161 23 AtaiKMon Hoad. Lon- 
don W 8 Tet Oi 438 lOll. 
BREAKAWAY. London's club tor 
professional unatmchgL? £gg*f 
23-45 Into tape 2 JO rs 997 7404 

COMPANY COLT Days oroanned 

rar stall or rvruonwc* Any W- 
Stwn. Tel 0734 87272? 
CALORIE CVS proiesstonaBy 
written and produced 
rurnculum vitae documents 
□eUds OI 580 2959 
Britain's leading 


OF ARMS, write to- ACHIEVE 

Catiterbury. Kent CT 1 1 BAT. 
Tel 0227 9620*8. 

BATTERSEA large double room, 
awn hath in newly m oderwed 
house, wttn cleaner C»» 
Oapham South tube E 6 B pw 
Inc except phone- Depoht * im 
reotured TH: vigors 01236 
1522 ext 128 (day' OI 839 
0209 utter 7.00 PRU 


just convened, sunny 2 rm 
mam wtot new kitchenette * 
use of 2 nd Doth m we Vtcl lam- 
ny nse Close Common A mins 
lube Suit yotaw couple. she 
L83 pw. met. OI 720 1091 

LITTLE vetoes Young prof- 
m I. n s. 100 »t«wden vervnr 
Warwick Ave * Edqware Rd 
nines. CdOpw KIC. 01-723 1308 

«BOF- F. N/S seek* o/r In 
nat/nousepm N/N W /N E. To 
move in unmed. tSSQQ Pem 
Tel: <098621 6S232 

CHEAP FLIGHTS W or ldwide 
HaynwrMi 01-930 1366 

to flaie Hock. remum 

‘*"5 * 

Gv^n 2 Ml 2 ootas. 
txntifcl ttCQL modem k* 
£650 per «s* induOag. 

CH/ SJS pi*a&s 

01-262 5060 

Stun NO« MNOTO M_naL OUR*, 
mclsis around floor ItaL 3 

bedrooms. 2 baths. *vuw room- 

r. place, seim famished, carpel- 
ed. all modem apphmde*- 
Opens onto 3 arras of pelvme 
wden. Idem far family- Oovpo- 
Se»S. 1 >W Plus. £400 P.w. 
Tet 01 630 2396 No apotis. 

w End. Brand new rombhed 
aeoarBMnal. 9 dbb beds, 
i single, huge 

lounge- mamt ie lu tty^ nned 
Mtehea. 2 ttaOd t - 9 ma- CH .coL 
ae TV. eatrypnone oil 
f l a r fc< "Y dl mefuded ai -C266 
rnS. oi 431 3121 



2 minutes station and 
shopping centre, owr- 
looking green, I bed, 
new luxury finings, 
ZlZQ p.w- Company let 
preferred- 01-579 0247 



CHELSEA. SW3 Attrarlhe 1 bed 
dai nr Klims Road wgPgui uy 
fumishlno- recop. m wttn erv 

SETmto m«ng ^-K«- 

KaSOpw. Cootes 01-828 8251- 

01-24 4 73 53 

MAL HUBOU. AD moo. tax. 
Paid gdn flat 2 beds- 2 cams. 
uSae rmpnaeu - u«- imd. 

SrepU. 093262362. 

F.W.C AFF tManaynem Sovtwj 
I ia npnuhoijiOIiaftlfr Id central 
south and wot Lonooo araav 
for waMJna aopltcknls.Ol-221- 

CO«r A JAMES CflMaci iHnow 
on Oi 2 » 8861 wmjDot*- 
IteDoo of Furnis he d >UB and 

SvS to re*U to. itoWbooridge. 

KefBUigKai and Oi»*» 


BOLL MSI PARK. Buotoetn exec 

Wl extended trip abroad tun 
taxiw fbi tor short let. 2i*cts 
boos. Sheds. 1 L > baths. AO mod 
com. SfiOO pw. References. Re- 
ply lo BOX ATS. 

DULWICH 1 pen sloe tow nse. 
o/r. 13 mins city. -E36 pw ex. 
01-69386150 / 0642 7 12656 e 
central London rram £325 pw 
Ring Town H» Acts 373 3933 
m*ICt B tfAIRRUnt In 
Kendnwon. Col TV 24hr n^d. 
IUL CoWnahafP Apts 373 <5506 
ST JAMES SW1. Luxury !W 
fully ftimtohed servirad apt hr 
pork. Ol 373 6306 <D 


nab. Newly dec A party 
serviced. 3 reced. SdNebet^i 
Hams. Mtn 4 ninths. £800 pw. 
HcKf diner A Co Ol *91 3159. 

SrCdAL REFER jCdWtaffg 
£275 «w ■ normally £900811. to 
crpdSMe VHiur. Him caUPTY 1 
SdSrviert JML J-g lea 
AytoMords Ol 361 23B& CT1 

awf and leg m red in an goto 
am Wad ’petatw 
Him I nidi r Ol 736 5 603. 


a aae bed flaL AP 
SSSSto «« «OOtoW^ HF 
LAhdon A PtomcYM AOS. 

laig jj 

Maly. Greece. Port. CMvartm^ 
SwitL Germany- 01-434 4326 
ALKARTt. Faro. Matoga rtc. 
Otonond Travel ATOC 1783. 
01-581 4641. Horsham 68S41 
AUSSIE. N_Z_. SUt Africa. USA. 
i^nTko^g.Be- Fares; 01^93 
7773 AST A. 

SYD/MEL £61® P®®* “5? j5P 
mUor Ca rtiers to AUS/N2- Ol- 
S04 7571. A8TA 


01-884 7371 ART A. 

currently seeking good quality 
rental accnmmodaoon m 
central London W ’4MH 
c ompa ny tenants 01-937 968 L 

CAUMO. Depdcned S bedrooms. 
2 recepnoos. S PaOdk 9** <**■ 
trm neaong. 9 *rayc. pardew . 
F m imhfd or send fundsned. 
CMMWM Tel 0603508462. 

FULHAM DeUphtful imaD honor- 


GARDEN FLAT rec pl. 0» n$> 
lube. £78 pw. Many others 627 
2610 Hcxnrtocaror*. 

reept rm at S'® ***• 

Ntgel Holder 883 3266- 

HMMOATE Lux rial share. guM 2 
people. £140 pw me mala ser- 
^tdgel HMcier 885 32SS. 

I0LBMN 2 Ofdrtn Btn new enn- 
veroon £150 pw. Nigel Holder 
883 3255. 

MCCAPBXT UHE d ndto rt dec. 
soil couple. £65 pw. Otters 627 
2610 HomrtocaKWk 

PuMbncrs 627 2610. 7 days. 
SW7. Very pretty upper matt gdn 
so. 23 beds, recev. k A fc roof 
terrace. £200 p*« 6mth« +■ No 
vharrrs. 01-736 5429. 

•37 8881 The dimmer to remem- 
ber when seek log bed natal 
properties in central and prone 
London arena CiBQICZ-OaOmM 
OA, CQMFAMY Mtt furn prap- 
ettles An best London Arena. 
Apovttl OI-S89 0*31. 


The Jockey CJab are saektag an experteoced cm*torhinct« 
only. In their c om pa ny 04 ta **oronan Square. Numbers ' «ffl 
vary from small Drtvate lunches of 6 lo tafld lunc hes tor 2 4. 
Hw mna 9^0 - iOO bat wfli vary. A general asetstam h 
aSr«iS»«L Jtaip apply with CV and cunwd ffliary or- 




87 Regent Stoeetxondoo Wi . 
Tel *39 6g3a.uK/Oiie igea4. 
Also m.tMpa.'dens lemn/pernt 
RniAMF RANNY (20301 Ip 
care lor Advanced l ymr old. 
S mw> evcnbB worK. Live 
3St— .. Docklands 01-518 9996 




jWith Hopscotch. j 
[this is the only time j 
j you have to cut J 
I anything out. j 

| Our ready cul I 

| kits. stftiple to 
j sew. have /fy j _ [\J 

1 everyitttngyooJ 
. need Jo make ‘"7 ' fli \ l 
J fashionable /.■• Ill \« 
'clothes tar f’y V. 
| you and your '» 

J children. Send / • ■ ] 

I I2p stamp tor 
i our summer \/7 j 

J catalogue. jff I 

[rffe9CXJfCH^ | 

|Narne J 

[Address. j 

1 Hopsootcti. SSI BrixfonRd.J 
1 London SW9 6LJ J 

| Tel: (01)2747260 I 

WofUttWa low cost 00*8. 
Thto besKand M CM* Risro B 
T7SJJ00 ctarda tone* 1970 

Ofw hn 

SYDNEY £374 £6*1 

PERTH £380 ES82 

AUCKLAND £402 £7*8 
SINGAPORE £231 £462 
MMR/FLOmOA £208 049 
HONG KONG £248 £496 
DELHI/BOMBAY £250 £374 

COLOMBO £241 £431 

TEL AVIV £103 £159 

NAIROBI £242 £391 

JO-BURG £288 £475 

LIMA £253 £495 

LOS ANKLES £204 £379 

NEW YORK £150 £269 

GENEVA £ 75 £ 94 

28tn ApriL a9so May 'June 1 or 
2 wks. Villas. Hole*. Apto. 
Hthrw or Galwlck. Pan wend 
Hoddayg Ol 734 2562 
CREFCF. Liwnoifl Btowde. cheap 
flrqhtt.v1Ba rentals etc Zeus Hoi 
Mays. 01-434 164T AMI AUo. 
RHODES ApruMay ByMw 
from CI96PP Me- 7w amma 

0705 862814. 


TUSCANY, by the vra. Beautiful 
ty Tf-a«vd. cmdoriaMy 
(umshed 18th Orot iaro» 
house Peaceful geutog but not 
rernow 'r nule sandy beach. 5 
bedrooms. 2 bain LW* tar- 
den. Daily maid. 01-705 5671 

FLORENCE, pnvaMy owned, 
beautifully (intoned studio 
house for 2 . 3 in city centre but 
neauttluity InuuwU « Yl in 
large garden. Pool Ot-7Q5 

vate nun 15 bmh Florence. 
Avatlabie 01-87* 033* 


MALTA /COUBMO special prtoes 
Abni -May -June l or S wtes 
Hotel f’Apts. Sc n eduNd nts itan 
WorM Hondaws 01 734 2503 

SMI JET Fliom Geneva.. 
Zurich. Munich, etc rarort 
transfer from X69. SM JaL 
103731864811 ABTA- 
SNfMmKZ. April 19th. Spring 
Snow. Ski nigh resorts, caiered 
chalet parte*, tad ntthte-£lS9- 
Ol 370 0999. 


FLY FtSWMO River TcsL Good 
fan courses, weekends May. 
June. Andy Murray H way's m- 
strurtor. 3 PjgW s 

accoeamodatlon. 2 days trotruc- 
Oon. £185. Andrew McCall. 
Oeyhoond km. Stochbrtdac. 
Hams. 0364 810835. 

t »3 week ccuxm tar ariose 
w-eoyttfiiiWf& a a a ndand 
W 0788 60*23 

Lenihan takes 
over captaincy 
of Five Nations 

Donal Lenihan. xhe 26-year 
W-Iriih iock, wili lead the fiw- 

fations T«?m xjMMt xbe Over- i 
sss Unions ai Twickenhwa 
>monow, the second of the 
laiches ananged bydw haw- 
.jational Roghy FoothaU Board 
for its centenary ocfcbraupns. 

Lenihan lakes over the feader- 
hip ftom Deans, Scouantrs 
looker, who captained the Bm- 
sh Lions on Wedncsdaybui 

now steps down lo ^ ve _ 8rai ? 
(England) a match. Toe French 
xmnngetu joins the four Home 
Countries on this occasion, 
reinforced by Condom who nns 
added to the squad yesteaiay as 
a replacement for Dooley who 
damaged knee ligaments daring 
theuoas* 15-7 defeat agzunst 
ibe overseas team in Caraitr. 
Dooley was not the only casu- 
alty; Rutherford the Scotnsh 
stand oEThstK received a broken 

Four South Africans appear 
tomorrow, among them Gerber . 
fh<» Eastern Province centre who 
played at Twickenham in 1984 
for the RFU Presidents team. It 
will be the first appearance jo 
this country of do Wtsss, a Jen 
wing ofgrcat speed and strength 
whose talents would have re- 
ceived more acclaim bus-for the 
[imitations imposed on ms 
country. • 

Lovcridge is bappy flat the 
strained leg nwsde which far- 
vented him from pfoyisg m 
Cardiff will have chared tip so 
that he can operate at half back 
with Botha against a team 
which, while pleased to be 
joined by their Pnendi. friends, 
would dtoriy have loved to play 
as Lions for a second lime. 

Michael Doyle, their coach, 
said “Had there been a tour we 
would have kepi our game 
relatively sample and I think we 
would have developed into a 
good tide. 1 think it’s an awful 
pity there is no tour nor a more 
expanded cekfonnwn rugby 
wise. One game m Cardiff is a 
paltry way to see out 100 yeats 
of international Board Rugby- 1 
hope foal the lions concept 

stays beacame *is competitive 
very represeniativc and to afi 
the players here a ^ ajp w naey. 

tt^^^^^maxAeswiS noi te 
receive the dady umr aBowanecW 
which the Board agrees shooM 
be paid. They are foe only 
exceptions amo ng . «c cqbt 
partBapatir* becawre 

foe Rugby FooibaQ Umon de- 
cided to observe previous © 
regulations reiating to maBches 
piaved at home: it is a point of 
dHferencc which, whether yon 
approve of such allowances 
being paid on these occasions or 
t*ol only adds to foe confusion 
in the minds of .rfayera whose 
shuattos is no daSerem to usd 
DfcttfMgncs from Scotiand, 

Ireland or Wales. . 


aESjj&gaesg^ ^w 

t&ffiSA2S i4-“SSS 

isSS bThb A . 

fnaaA. L Bofldgoag m*smi a 

FraaOBL IA W *S“'*5*^ 

l D & LoAerUgm pta 


Sibson eye injury 
holds up plans 

By Srikmuar Sen, Boxing Comspoirfent i 

Sibsoa’s ** fight a giving up overalls for anexec- 
dan received a Wow utive suit I ant looking forward 
when he learnt that he to it. - .. . 

re to ko into hosutal . Sbson was pleased with his 

Tony Sibsoo's ** fight a 
month” {dan received a Wow 

yesterday when he leamt that he 

would have to go into hospital 
to have plastic surgery on lus left 
eyebrow, which was split in his 
bout with Luis Rivera, of 
United States, at the Royalty 
Theatre, Kingsway, London on 
Wednesday. Sibson win be out 
of action for two months to give 

He will appear again In Au- 
gust or September in a “big 
figbf* against a “ name fighter” - 
Roberto Duran, James Kmdiett 
or Don Lre With Marvin 
Hagler running out of oppo- 
nents, the world champion too 
may come into Sihson’s tights. 
But the “big fight” mostlflre to 
happen is the the European title 
bout with his arch rival. Hero! 
Graham, of Sheffield. 

Sibson had intended to with- 
draw his c h a ll e ng e, but then 
succumbed to the “chicken” 
taunts by the Sheffield boxer 
and now says “Graham is in my 
mind all foe time: I need a name 
fighter and he will do.1 am 
ready to move up. It is like 

Notice lined up 

By Srikmnar Sen 

Horace Notice, who wiih only between John Westganh, <ti 
eight professional contests be- Britain, and Stefan Tangstad, of 
bind him won die British and Norway __ 

Commonwealth heavyweight ti- .The chief supporting comert 
tie last week by beating Httghrpy will feature foe return of that old 
Currie, is to set about picking up warrior, Clinton McKenzie . 
experience with a quick return who mens Tony Laing, of 
to the ring. He meets the durable Nottingham, in a return match. 

dorsct nm-TS. For uy 
ccnUna waw ott* OrtAftiea 
■Mmgklow. ExMUnu fUMtotn. 
C&7-000. TH: 07*76 2836 


Westhury 3 mlU9 0*acl- 
dlngton 80 minuicsL 
Bath 16 mOas. Modern 4 
bedroomed executive 
house - 2 bathrooms, 
double garage. * acre 
private mature garden. 


0373 88529 

IM.. S-Croydon. 01-688 5SI3 

SALE. Ftenp world. secaMSiAML 

RtoS. 01-985 1566. 

IS Bentley 

CoHdned froa page 35 


MtHOenrOt for Knlahtt- 
anoge tgraHy. Gecioan Un- 
ouage mmlUl: mature. 

Mdnendenl lady Nonsmoker. 
Cooking. Vgbi tomnw dune* 

and hetp wiOi l teenage girl. 
Oven room. tv. immeduxe 
sun. Reply Mx Gander Ol -629- 
3681 tain. 


rty cot f cn speoadeas m sw 
London. TraUdng provided. 
TeWMWBe Ol 889 8509. 




1*33. ebony, with stool, excel- 
lent condlUoa. £4600 or ben 
oner Tel: 586 *981 

London's (oadtag speaadm ta 
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01-267 7671. Free CTUfn g oe . 

tice has even sparred with him. 

The experience should stand 
the British fighter in good stead 
because as a double champion 
he wm be busier foan before He 
also has his eye on the winner of 
tonight’s European title bout 

Tangstad aims 
for a repeat 

Stefan Tangstad tonight 
meets John Westganh, his one- 
time British sparring partner, in 
a bid to regain the European 
heavyweight boxing title in Ras- 
ders, Denmark. 

The Norwegian, forced to 
fight on foreign soil because 
boxing is banned in his own 
country, held the title fin- five 
months before losing it in 
March 1985 to Anders Eklund, 
of Sweden. Eklund was then 
beaten by Frank Bruno, who 
later gave up the title to con- 
centrate on challenging for the 
worid crown. 

— “HI fight anyone, even King 
Kong, as long as he weighs 9st, 

— really has his eyes on Barry 
McGuigan. but realises that as 
No.23 in the world be has to get 
in a few contests before taking 
on the Irishman. 

Hearns set to 
defend title 

Thomas Hearns will defend 
his . World Boxing Council 
superwelterweight title against 
Mark Medal on June 23 on Che 
Las Vegas bill featuring Barry 
McGuigan's featherweight title 

Donald Curry, foe world 
welterweight champion, who 
was to have challenged Mike 
McCall um, the World Boxing 
Association junior middle- 
weight champion, for his tide on 

that date, has withdrawn in 
order to continue his career in 
foe welterweight category. 

. ;t*? u 


aS v 

• England Colu, wifo defca£ 
a gainst Italy and Wales behind 
therei receive, their fast dunce 
of victory this season when d*y 
meet French Youth at London 
Welsh tins evening. They have 
introduced three new players in 
a fixture which, last year, they 
lost 13-6 in France. 

The final round of Schools 
internationals wffi be pfayed 
tomorrow when Wife* meet 
Ireland in Galway. The Webb 
boys have made three dam es 

to the side beaten by England 

night's work against Rivera. 
“He was a good otd pro at- 22. 
He's been in some smart 
gyms.He knew aO the moves" - 
and some not in the book, 
according to the Leicester boxer. 

Srbson s effort have pleased 
his supporters as be had to wofo 
every second of the ten rounds 
to stay two moves ahead of the 
well-- schooled American. 

On the same bill at the 
. Thames Television theatre; Er- 
rol Christie made bis return 
after five months absence. He 
boxed a controlled bout over 
two rounds with Hunter Clay, of 
Nigeria, and did not lose a 
round. He will be back on Mgy 
24 or May 28^a»rding tof 
Frank Warren, the promoter. 

Warren also said yesterday that 
he would be bringing over Greg 
Page, the former world 
champion, to box on the J B 
Williamson/Dennis Andries. 
world crniserwetgbt tide bill on 
April 30- 

• '»c. ... 

«-• . . 


MONDAY gfadiw Unittr- WEDNESDAY La Crime de la 
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REAL TENNIS: Ouaen's Oub eananaiy 

ga'ssarsins: Gurebrt* 
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* * * 

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*1' Sf-Jk. 

■••••. .'■«.• 


can prove to 
•$ trump card 

By Mandarin (MkfeaeJ Phillips)- 

d£Bi S”Sknn ! f i 3n ii had ^ ne 



fovoaiiie, Sonic Lady, in the 
Nell Gwyn Stakes at Newmar- 
ket on Tuesday, her trainer 
Henry Cecil is. stOI basically 
pinning his hopes of winning 
the season's first classic a gpjn 
with Owytfion, who reappears 
after a lengthy absence in the 
' Gainsborough Stud Fred Dar- 
ling Stakes at Newbury today. 

When one realises that be 
. has won the 1,000 three times 
in the last seven years it is 
! surely worth paying attention 
_ to, his preferred choice. In the 
circumstances it might be 
advisable to back Gwydion to 
win the 1,000 before today’s 
race .because if she beats the 
U - ? ' current second favourite, 
i Kingscote, her price win nn- 
donbtedly shrink. 

X^t year Gwydion was 
. restricted to just two races in 
the first half of the season 
because she pulled a muscle in 
her quarters m mid-summer. 
Later she was turned out to 
relax and recover on tbe Beech 
House Stud , when it became 
apparent that she would not 
recover in time to contest the 
Cheveley Park Stakes. 

• So her p rin c ip al claim to 
fame remains that hard-fbught 
victory in the Queen Mary 
Stakes at Royal Ascot in Jane. 

Earlier this weelrl put it to 
Cecil that whether one so fast 
as Gwydion would stay well 
enough to be taken senously 
as a Guineas contender. He 
retorted M I did wonder, but I 
don't any more. I now know 
she will” 

The encouragement had 
been forthcoming "on the 
WaierhaO training ground 
when, ridden by Steve 

Filly Ever 


Apparently, this workout 
provided concrete proof that 
an earlier good gallop with the 
three-year-old Tussac, who 
won by 10 lengths at Folke- 
stone on Monday, was not just 

a flash m the pap - 

Against, that encouraging 
"backcloth, I wilt be -disap- 
pointed if Gwydion foils to 
keep her unbeaten record 
intact this afternoon even 
though the opposition, headed 
by Kingscote, is unquestion- 
ably formidable. 

■ Gwydion. comes from a 
stable which has been quick to 
'strike form so everything 
points to her being more 
forward than Kingscote, 
whose stable companions 
have been running recently as 
though a race will bring them 
on. , 

It is also worth pointing out 
. that Kingscote did finish three 
Gwydion,' tbe 
time they met as two- 
year-olds, in the Queen Mary, 
although 'to be fair to Jeremy 
Tree's filly die did come from 
some way off the pace that day 
after , being drawn on what 
appeared to be the 
wmrvottrabfe side of the 

■ Later in the season 
Kinpcotebeat Northern Eter- 
nity and Maysoon by four 
lengths in the Lowther Stakes 
at York and Asteroid Field by 
a bit more than a length when 
she was runner-up in the 
Cheveley Park Stakes at 

Over seven furlongs on soft 
ground. Asteroid Field could 

bca big threat especially if she 
were to reproduce the form 
which saw her run away with 
the Waterford Candelabra 
Stakes at Goodwood last Au- 
gust. That race was run over 
seven furiongs on softish 
ground and Asteroid Field 
could not have been more 

The word in Newmarket is 
that Cecil also expects to win 
the Spring Maiden Stakes with 
Paean. Being by Bustino out 
of a marc by Nijinsky. Paean 
is certainly bred for this son of 
job. Last year in his only race 
he was beaten a head by 
Kolong Heights here at 

Rove, the narrow yet deri- 
sive winner of the Banhyany 
Handicap at Doncaster on the 
first day of the season, is 
preferred to tbe more recent 
Salisbury winner Stephen's 
Song for the Cheveley Stakes, 
while Gordon Price’s im- 
proved five- year-old Pearl 
Run is still on a reasonable 
mark in the Thatcham Handi- 
cap Stakes. 

At Ayr tbe feature race is the 
Scottish Champion Hurdle, 
which despite its grand sound- 
ing name is in fori a handicap 
with a limited weight range: 
So Gaye Brief Nohalmdun 
and Humberside Lady have 
been assessed according to 
how they ran in the Champion 
Hurdle at Cheltenham. In the 
meantime Gaye Brief and 
Humberside Lady have both 
won at Ascot whereas River 
Ceriog has been beaten at 
LiverpooL At Ascot I was 
impressed with the zest that 
Gaye Brief showed, albeit 
over three miles, and he is my 

does trick 
on Gallant 





Dancing Brave dear of Faraway Dancer in yesterday's Craven Stakes (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

Dancing Brave in step for Guineas 

By John Karter 

Alter all the hype sarnwradEng 
Dancing Brave In recent weeks, 
the racing world waited expec- 
tant!; to appraise the reality at 
Newmarket yesterday. And as 
Gay Harwood's coir strode home 
ahead of a competitive field in 
tbe Charles Heidsiecfc Cham- 
pagne Craven all the 

folk fi ena eg ante-post 

pluges for the 2,000 Gnfneas 
looked 101 percent jnstffied. 

Carrying tin* seemingly nUq- 
nitons pink and green colours of 
Khaled Abdulla — those carried 
to a devesting win by the same 
stable's Derby hope. Armada, 

oa Wednesday - During Brave 
quickened impressively m the 
gfaey ground to end the un- 
beaten record of Faraway 
Dancer and a»ke his own record 
read three runs, three wins. 

The winning margin was a 
length, bat GrevOle Starkey was 
not at all hard on the horse and 
had he not aD but stopped riding 

David Eisworib, 
Whitsburv trainer, is is 
holiday in the sun ana wt 
delighted when he hears 
nc^fhat Gallant Buck won tbe 
Minster Lovdl Handicap Hur- 
dle at Cheltenham yesterday. 

Gallant Buck, nine times 
unplaced this season, has been 
one of the most frustrating 
horses in Bsworth’s string The 
six-year-old has kept running 
well and suggesting that he 
could win a race, bui without 
ever doing it- . , 

Elsworth has also tried several 
different jockeys for his six-year- 
old to see if that would help, but 
yesterday he went right to tbe 
top and booked Peter 

It was probably a combina- 
tion of the leading jockey's 
assistance and the Stamina- 
sapping ground which slowed 
the others down, that enabled 
Gallant Buck to peg back Panto 
Prince after the last flight and 
win by two lengths. 

and looked retrod dbeekOy ia 
typical Starkey style, the dis- 
tance wooJd have been doubled 
ax feast 

Indeed, Starkey was modi 
more opondy enthasiastic 
than Harwood aboot Dancing 
Brave, stating that he believes 
he is better than To-Aaori Moo, 
on whom be won the 2,000 
Guineas tot Harwood in 1981. 
Starkey also said that the sow of 
Lyphard was net at all happy in 
the ground and that he would be 
even better on a decent surface. 

Harwood, m his consi der ed 
way, naturally expressed him- 
self more than happy with 
«°g Brave's per forma nce, 
but, intere stin gly, be did not 
automatically sapport Starkey's 
view that the colt win definitely 
stay the mile and a half of the 

He left ns to draw oar own 
coodasfetts when be said: “I 
look on him primarily as a mile 
bone. Bat. the good mile and a 

half horses I have at borne 
cannot live with him on the 
gallops, so if be does stay ” 

Dancing Brave is as short as 
7-4 for tbe 2j000 with one firm. 
And the only possible weakness 
in his 2,000 Guineas case — 
apart from foe obvious question 
mark hanging over the form 
because of the desperate ground 
— appears to be tbe fact that 
Sharrood, the second favourite, 
was badly iwiW when —yfrmg 
his challenge- As a result of that 
incident, Paul Eddery, who rode 
lUmnineox. was suspended for 
fonr days for careless riding. 

Eddery's brother, Pat, who is 
cn r rea U y on a white hot streak, 
showed the family name in a 
mach better light when be won 
the Gerry FeOden Stakes on 
Flying Trio and the Eras Cham- 
pagne Stakes on Home Role. 

Flying Trio, formerly trained 
in France by Robert CoOet. bat 
now based with Newmarket's 
resident Italian, Luca Cnmani. 

had his Derby odds reduced to 
14-1 after his hard-iboght vic- 
tory over Tisa’t with several 
Epsom hopes, including the 
much vaunted Winds Of Light, 
straggling behind. 

There are two ways of looking 
at Flying Trio’s performance: 
either you dismiss its validity 
because of tbe going or yon 
decide that tbe first two, who 
were both carrying 31b more 
than the rest and Candied two 
lengths dear of them, are a cot 
or two above average. 

Cnmani will test the validity 
of the second theory by running 
Flying Trio in tbe traditional 
Derby trial, tbe Chester Vase, 
incidentally, the trainer ex- 
pressed himself as very pleased 
with the progress of his 1,000 
fi nlm-as CMMIII. FmUa, tinif 
she finis bed fbratb in Tuesday's 
Nell Gwyn Stakes. “She needed 
the race badly," he said of the 
fiUy who is owned, like Flying 
Trio, by Charles St George. 



JEDFOREST: A& Mqtrty Mark. Rem 
WtasUvn Thom. Lm&cc Loci) Brandy. 
Open: Hummel Moor. Mdn t Secret Brae. 
Ud» fc Red Cable. Hunt Falalaw. 

PPOA. Mom: See My Styta. Mamie 
Matchpiay. Laden: Random Leg. Rest: 
Kano, Boy Open: Emperor Charles. Mdn 
k Another Lass. MctelkRad Ball 

S * > V " 


2L30 CHEVELEY HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £3,726: 5f) (9) 

eye inji 
up plat 

" : •■■■hoe. 

Going: soft 
Draw: no advantage 

Left Q Lewis 9-7 . PI 

_ 66 I. 

M . 

WR 1 

2.0 BECKHAMPTON MAIDEN STAKES (Wf-O: C * & £3*268:59(10 


10 » 












402 14000-0 CROMTS QUALITY (B) 


404 11002-0 STEEL CYGNET 

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406- 0301-1 ROVE mUPSSaeflS tenon 8-7 

406 MOO-1 STEPHEN'S ECNQ ID) U f**2son) N Vigora 66 
409 04006-2 F0UKTAM BELLS (h K han) fl Hannon 8-4__ 


5-2 tourtton Bata 100-30 Rom. 4~i Stephens 8cnft 114 Steel Cygnet, 7-1 Au- 
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860 STAMP pomp DDm 61 

466 HAL AMHEARTY (Lord McApm}R Smyth 7-13 

(Gordon TroefarLkfl CNN 
■ELSE (ft Shannwijfl (torn 


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194 Panache, K-1 others. • 

2L30 SPRING MAIDEN STAKES fcY-Q: £3,32a:1ra3f)(14) 

Newbury selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 ArajHtL 230 Paean. 3.0 GWYDION (nap). 330 Rove. 4.0 
Misnaad. 430 Pcari Rim.. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 Panac&e. 230 fteftn. 3.0 Gwydion- 3 30 Ao-Dcssus. 4.0 Stage 



■ g® - - 











--vwBitawAMOTpMwqnnnia^na - -’’--■'iMiif 

04- EATON SQUAREftl5A)(Loni H de taftta* P UMwyn M _ PaMCddHyt 
■ BFHBBM (Stliwdi Mohammetni Hiring 60 ■ ■ KRtmH 

FOXY PlinCE (Wit) (Princess LmnpoUi Baking 60 JIMMaeS 

KEEPCALM (E KUwyO Wfragn 60 — u ^aiMBWdll 

04- LAABAB lFStAeW OrOolewL-i , ■ > .TQrtraH 

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6 iwaictmaimwsteadmw^cHBtaiM — A'dSs 

6 PAEAH (Lord HdeVNKWmH Coca 60 Bfa^wiO 

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6 8H«rA0CKAWi5foJ‘nm611 PaUddwy? 

61 Rosedata, 62 Local Hubert 61 SNrzad. Vaabi^ 161 Cheum 

3.0 Gwydion. 330 Rove. 

-By Michael Sedy 

4,0 STROUD GREEN HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £4^09: 1m) (15) 






— 16 HMfABANB| 
16 FARM QjJB| 
3306 BOLDgmm 

PQ J Tree 9-6 1 

J Tofcr 610 ■ 

|Meyw)U BWnsiiard6S — 
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he InwesOnenW G Levb 67 . 

134- UICKY SO 

SrwssteMKtj^G L»«3 

. KallS Norton 67 h 

517 06041-4 MJDHKfpi (H AJ-Msttxm) C Benstsad B7| 

SIS 841-4 ATROMTTMffimr U UraoSl C BnJHDT 8^4 
SI 302404- TDBASOPAl4cS(DUaifr6maWRHMinj 

Souris. 161 Euphemism. 161 others. 

Y-0 Fffles: £17,780: Tf) (10) 

66060 BBBtT 

61 Misnaad. 4-1 Hawalan Mm. 68 Mud*. 11-2 Lucky So So. 61 MomOn. 61 
Sta^ Hand. 161 Barest?*. 161 O the rs . 

430 THATCHAM HANDICAP (£4,630: 2m) (18) 

603 041606 BL0O0LESS COUP 

605 344- STORM CLOUD 

606 021016 MOM PLANS 
608 0mt6 VKXaXOMf 

61 KingsaatB. 62 Owjdfan. 62 Aaiarold Fiad. lA^ona 61. Northern Eternity. 
161 others. 

}6ran. Newcastle 71 atk* soft Mar 31. BA 
,3-6? 6 ran. Doneastsrlm aOc 
beaten A 1 ® K»KKCOTE (B-1 

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in m T 1 r | 

a frem Cha« Stream (3-8) 11H 

631 066002 s met 

632 000406 OGBEW(B}(G 
7-2 Accuracy. 4-1 Peart Run, 61 mutton & High Plates. 162 Orange M. 61 

Storm Ootid. 161 Shiny Copper. 14-1 others. - 


3.0 BIRDPORTH HANDICAP (£1,646: IlD) (13) 


1, high numbers best 

2 J 0 EBF BRITON MAIDEN STAKES (2>Y*<k £3JJ7& 5f) (14 rtmmra) 









0 HUNTER'Sial 

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■msi eh Miuiiim (ftaiiie fiaalBOi Ohwi9 DUbwMj - MIM Nrj 




. Ltd) N Timer 611 

J Berry 611 — 

Ouham) M Ceoneho 611 

62 Law Prgareaa. 61 Mw Mj . mm a n .j62 Mwrgete. Goto. 161 Maetor 

KnowaH. Ratoenham. 14-1 Mes Display. 161 others. 

3 0/03216 MASK BA (C) 


5 341106 RUSSSi. 

6 321B46 PACEICP _ 

8 0004-03 KABPGLOW U Bustd Plhara 4-8-i5_ — I Oey Ke i ewey Mil 

9 401060 PARS TRMB»®3ctwster)MWEBStBrtJY *612 MHkMBeyftS 

10 4010-43 BWAMA KALI (D) (J BBq M Tompkns 4-8-1 D_ MAbweerT 

12 000640 MGHT WARJW3R (J Maaort J Mann 4-69 J M aredMilO 

13 21064* TUTBURY (S Adshead) W Wharton 4-&8 NCartWeS 

14 060100 adALD EAGLE (W (A Ljfcn^ C Boo#i 5-8-5 HHRs5 

18 1031-23 VBHAKUM pBASD) (Mrs J Ramsdan) 4fcs J Ramsdan M-1 tfRotMls2 

18 100600 MCK WOHr oWace Fama Stud Lap A Bafley 67-13 AMaetay 1 

19 04030-0 CADBETTE (Q (B SMhon) U Camacho 4-7-7 JLoweQ 

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Paris Trader; 12-17he Hoenvd, 14-1 Russel Creek, Pa&Ac Fifteen. 261 others. 

3J30 SOWERBY STAKES (3-Y-O: £3,165: 1m 41) (6) 

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jyYouare ffli (T A BaSay B-ia 


Thee 5 

MBnh2 10 00060 JUSTTHEWA' 

11 26 KOUfUSA) (Shetth Mohwrimed) ff CKlS-lo 

M 3462 «AREaUANTE<R Boucher) C Brittan 67. 


V 5 - 

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1 - 

Thirsk selections 

- By Mandann 

2.0 Maesttoman. 230 Wow Wow Wow. 3.0 Verharittm 3-30 Kndz. 

. _ - .. — v a i>n «»»■ — — Vliuvtnm 



evens Kudz. 62 Marie Qteante. 4-1 Blockade. 61 Murtax. 361 Owner Mac. 

4J1 OAKSTRtPE HANDICAP (£2^07: 70 ai) 

r- 1 4.0 Idle Tuoes. 4.30 Wessex Ktsgdom. 

• By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

3 0 Bwana KalL 3 JO Kudz. 4.30 Silent M^onty. 

2.30 KNAYT0N SELLING STAKES (3-Y-O: £1,119: 61) (15) 
colowb. mil 

mi iw nu a nt bn) J Raaem 6v *- 

220046 ■ 


042061 aaEimai 
800-042 OOU) DU CWBS (B) (C 

10469 UPTOWN 

D Lasts 4-68 


D Chapman 466. 
{RBratan^'G Moore: 

0016 PRMCQ8 PAMELA (Mrs P UcC3ulta^ P Falgan 67-10 Al 

(JitB B Boland) J Rowisnas^?-? A Shoe 

iWMrt-fl ujlue THF <iUB£ J 

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430069 QUAUTAtgSStOaAtalrM 

302603 WtfV 

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r E ngineering Lief) K Stone 4-7-7 L Ctamock 6 

7-2 Goto Duchess. 4-1 kta Ttews, 62 Hopeful Katie. 11-2 Uptown Randtrs. 61 
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riBonai 13 1 

. s«4 fotorf 
^ SPatfca7 
_ MRy 14 



430 HAMBLETON STAKES (3-Y-O: £1414: K) (10) 


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SLENT MMQFKTY (B Rrestooo) W COorre 

BatneQ M MeCMtNcIc 64 
Thomson Jones M 

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I R Hotftsheed 60 


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5 d Sotnm ltd) D Lesfi* 61 1 M Rfewner 4 
1SB Rais. 7-2 Wessex Kino. 62 Akaayod, 162 Jarrovtan, 161 Touch Me Not. 
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**• ■■■■ 

10 000639 TOUCH ME MOTl 

12 004620 OWMUMSEjl 

13 3060M. WMMHBMHH 
15 000623 TAYLOR OF SOHAM | 

■f • ** 


jnHav’s course specialists 


Mhchett a from a ' 

W.tUS*. 8 Stortwy. « <rem 13 ’* 





Bach. 21 trtjm 181. rt-ln* - 


T«AIBRBi MH Eaaerby. — .-y,— 
troth 114 

son. 18 from 74, 24J3*; 8 FHdranto. 53 
from 253. 17.7%. 



jOdffiySrHDpvtes, 17wtanmftwn WI 
ridesTiaa*; K MQon % 1 ^hw g7. 
R Oantt. 6 frarT 1 40. 



2.15 {2ni fWtB) 1, Gone WBh 

SflWSffi jffif 

246 0m cM 1 . Dweomta mm 0 

BiZk ti.10. 21-60- EU®- ^ 131 - 30 - 

CSF:£ioaa. .. _ _ . _ _ 

Sooa &«. TotaffiTO: n.m aia 
n« rv- PiArSD. CSF: £13.77. 

4.15 (hn 41 CM «mmee Wnnd (P 
OPonnril. 61Jk 2. & 2 , f S fc S 

ftoran-Pwi ( 6 'i;® Snn^lfl^op 

SSrap o^o* a00, M DB 

ToM: £10^0; tun aw ^ 

QggKQ. CSF: £13333. Tricesfc £81656. 
Pteeepot rai-10 

Blinkered first time 

NEWBURY: 330 Crank's Qtedty- 4-0 

THIRSK; 3.0 Cedanatte 3-30 
Jwslthawayyouara. 4.30 Wessex 




Going: asft 

£9.786: 1m if) 

FLYWG TRIO b c by Trio - Grtrtade (C fir 
Georgs) 64 Pat toictary (61) 1 

Tbn^ gr c by Shew - Zabaralc (TTY) 
(FSehMS) 64 70*1(5-1) 2 

PWd b e by Mertnmas - Lanata (A 
Okfray) 61 Pat* Eddery (33-1) 3 

ALSO RAN: 2 lav Wteda Ol Ught (5th). 7 
Cliveden, 12 Shahaab. Shtef (4th). 14 
FesSrel City (6th), 16 My Ton Ton. 20 
Three TimeaA Lady. 33 Nappy arsed. 11 
ran. DM. 2L 6L 41. 71 LGumani at 
NawraerfcaL Tata «*r £4.40. Places: 
22.00, 21/40. 27.40. DP. £930. CSFr 
218.71. 2 min 02.18 sac. 

CAP (£3X02: 1m 41) 

PUSSY h m by Doctor «M - Snotch (A 
Morrison) 662 G Duffiald (7-1) 1 

WR chcrMt bCby&imdy-Bi u ongtic h 
Comer (E Molar) 4-613 Pat Eddery (5- 
1) 2 

M Ryan) 461 PRobtecon (7-1) S 

ALSO RAN: 61 tav ThB Ctonm (5W. 7 
Safe River (4th). 152 Absent Lover fifth 
Wastray. 12 Evros. 14 Ayteshato. S3 
Touchaz La Boise. 10 can. J Talar at 
Nw m mwfcat Tote v*c LS50. Places: 
£1.60. £1-80, 2260. DF: 21&30. CSP 
E39J7. Tricast £234.1 1.2 min 5366 sac. 

6Y-0 C8G: 215A00: 1m) 

DANCMG BRAVE b c by Lyphaid- Itovato 
Princess (K Abdula) 67 G Staitoy 
( 11-6 tav) 1 

Fa mn Dancer br c by Far Npnh - 
Prove ife Royal (P Burra!) 67 S 
CaiKhan (62J 2 

HaaMcuw ch c by Irish Rivar - Sancta 
Rose (PrinceASa»i»r)67 WRyan(14- 
1) 3 

ALSO RAN: 1 1-2 Sharrood. 1 0 Eva's Error 
SIh). SMna 16 Resourceful Falcon (6th). 
20 Bumteaw. 25 -tezetas i«h). 33 Ltanv 
66 Podaroaa 11 ran. 1L W. & 2L a G 
Harwood at Putoorougfi. TbtewiregAa 
Places: 2164 21.41 2360. DP. £3J0. 
CSF: 2765. 1 min 4966 sec. 


HOME RULE breby Home Guard - Stena 
(JWenman)613 Pat Eddery (1063Q 1 
aa b c by Tower Waft - 
(B Tuck) 61 P Cook (6-* 

. b c by Mummy's Rsf- 
Parlais (A Hudoii) 613 G txdfwd (7-1) 3 
ALSO RAN: 2 Aftaasah (4di). 4 ran. 5L 3L 
1HL M McCormack at Wantage- Totewvi: 
2460. DP- £430. CSF: £8.13. 1 mn 21.77 

HANDICAP (£4.760: flf) 

MAJOR JACKO b c by Mandrake Major - 
Toreadors (J Morgan) 7-8 D McKay 
(561) 1 

FrmnkHWten b g twCawston s Clown - 
boa (T Rsmsrten) "ft G Carter (7-1) 2 

Oh Boyar br c by Young Generation - 
Atoka (Mary Lady Osborne) 64 PS 
Eddery (161) 3 

ALSO RAN: 3 tav GBoaa Mou (4tfi). 11-2 
Stored. 6 Tarenga. 11 Young Jason 14 
Careless Whisper. Cdway (5*jw (5th). 
King Of Spades, 20 aanynBe. 25 Tutuh, 


Hannon al Martborough. Tore win: 
£146.40. Places: E3260^.70 £830. DF: 
2694.40. CSF: £336.18. Tricast 
£535630. 1 nan 21.43 sac. 

C6G 23352:71) 

NIGHT OUT PERHAPS b e by Cure Tha 
Btoes - Pipma (E Moler) 60 P 
Robinson (4-1 jt-tav) 1 

Haber be by Hatxtai- Sato (Adore) 60 
M Has (14-1) 2 

Rrsl D*s wc by J OTObin- FfBquentft 
^Riordan) 60 W R Swnbum |4-1 ^ g 

ALSO RAN; 62 Penwanj (5th). 8 Excto- 
stve North, 9 Royat Troubador. 12 Lost 
Opponurny. 14 Al Sashaarna, The 
Urtaaffi Star, Persten BaltaL 20 Auctan 
Tune. Georges Quay f^m), W Mwooq 25 
SMrean, 33d< water. Star Stmr <6tf6 
16 R»l Nft Retrieve. 1XL IMI.rti. & K4. 
G Wfraggat NwnwML Totevnrv ES|0. 
ptBC^Sa E1130, £240. DF: £12030. 
CSF: £60.70. Iran 37.06 sec. 

Jackpot not woo. PtocepoC E2JI7L45 to 
50p stake 


2.15 "(Sn 4l hdfef k Qatari Buck ff» 
Scudamore. frlLi^Panto Rrteoep-Ua 
Ftoeang Low pfrlfc* WJU Com (&-1L 
Geld Tycoon 61 lav. 18 ran. Nft 
Bhtomm^Jadfl's Doubfe 3, AD 
Qsworih- Tot® £530; £130. £130. 
SSSEbI-TO. DF: £21.10. CSF: £41.79. 

Tlfcast £139236. 

230 (3m 11 ch) 1, Sacred Path (C Cra.5- 
MHtaMinV-tt3.n«MM pi-a 
Peter Sinai 64 tav. 10 rat hd. |0L^ 
Sherwood. Totto £S30; g._4j). £23a 
£130. DF: £19.70, CSF: £50 M. Trk« 
C 27 MOFb 6 wringeetB*vands ngulrytee 
ptosmsa remates unritored. 
sapmrich) l.lft MaoreritarpPowed, 



Going: good to soft 

2m) (5 runners) 

1 1302 STRMG PLAYBt (O) F Lee 11-12 SHcOand 

3 31 WARWICK SURE (8) M Mughan 11-6_ MHammood 

5 DUO B3RAS CftEBC (BJJ S Wiser 11-0 CGrart 

7 00 DOCTOR CHESTEWMcGtue 11-0 RLamb 

IS 0000 TARTAN TOMAHAWK G Retards 11-0 PTuck 

B-5 Strmg Player. 9-4 Warwick Sites. 4-1 Btres Creek, 1 1-2 
Tartan Tomahawk, 161 Doctor Chesne. 

2.45 EG LINTON HUNTER CHASE (amataura 
£1.158: 3m 110yd) (12) 


7-167 BCMtariMriT) 

2 -1U1 OLIVE PRESS (C-O) A MacTaq^ 

3 P-PP BBt LAWYERS R GokSo 7-11-9 — 

5 -R43 ICE HLL MSS SWison 1611-9 PI 

G -20U LIGHT DEMON G Rriaret 61 1-9. 

7 0M MR NASH (BT Durm 611-9- 

8 002* PAIffiGYRSiCAimander 11-11-8- 

9 OP POKER CLASSIC W A Stephenson 

10 316 TACHYROS JSWISOn 6-11-9- 

611 - 8 J Qresnbol (7) 

12 OP-2 D RU MMOND LASS A Craw 11-11-4 A Crew (7) 

13 MYffnCMUMCMfcsHWfeon 7-11-4. KAadtfswm 

14 006 TlM>Y LAKES CHBtf 6114 S Lo« (7) 

154 Ofrre Press. 61 Coulters Candy. 4-1 Ice Ha. 61 

Drunmond Lass. 7-1 Pane^ysu 17-2 Light Demon. 161 
Tachyras, 161 others. 

3.15 BMW NOVICE CHASE (£3,131: 3m 1 10yd) (6) 

1 HM/ CHARTS! RJGHTJGoiidng 11-11-6 JGoririag 

2 23Fte CLONSHARAGH A HecTa^art 16114 MDwynr 

4 0312 RiVBI CEBU0G pXBF) N Henderson 


6 -OOF FLAKY SARK (D)R fisher 6167 PTuck 

7 2000 COMEDY FMR(C4XBnMHEaswoy 6167 A Brown 

11 2000 GA1ATCH (BHD) WWefc 6167. — 

7-4 Gaye Brat. 62 Humberside Lady. 4-1 Nohobndiai. 61 
R her Cemog. *6l fterey Sark. 12-1 Comedy Far. 361 

Ayr selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Warwick Suite. 2.45 Olive Press. 3.15 Fell 
Climb. 3-45 Gaye Brief. 4.15 Strath Leader. 4.45 
Aguada R<»ar--h 

Michael Seely’s selection: 3.45 

CHASE (£2,439: 3m 110yd) (8) 

1 rail STRATH LEADER J Edwards 611-12 P Barton 

4 0004 WORTHY HEKBB (CO) E Robson 11-11-7 A Stringer 

5 FU4- VJRGM1A ROAD (D) G Richards 16114 PTack 

6 2412 POLARS LADQdp) R Gakle 1611-1 B Storey 

7 0P4- BLACKHAWK STAR (C-D) K Ofocr 12-114 — TGDtol 

8 243P ^THARTS HBt£ (Cffl Q Renison 12-1610 JJOYMi 

9 2042 IVACOPDsnys Smith 7-104 
13 0000 LEGAL I 



7D4QP ROYAL BOWLER J dtiartton 7-114 — 
9 OB-2 KATE MACS Rclretb611-1 

P Barton 


— RLamb 

10 83FU NQTEASYW A Stephenson 611-1- 
61 Fell Clmb. 100-30 Ket» Mac. 7-2 Ctonsharagh. 11-2 
Royal Bowler. 61 Not Easy. 161 Charter FSgtn. 


9 20C WACOP Denys Smith; 

. BfflEROR M NaugMon 6160 MHsamood 
5-2 Sirath Leader, 11-4 Potars Ladtfe, 10630 Ivacop. 61 
Herass. 161 VkgHa Road. 12-1 Jetjare Hare. 161 
261 Btackhaurk Star 

(£1,730: 2m) (8) 

1 2000 STAR OF SCREEN (B) (D) J Edvredc 


2 412 RROfiSUS (FTQ (DMBF) Ms M OrLrrson 

7-1 1-10 Gi 

4 03/0 C0GRA MOSS (D)JGouttM 61612 — JQoutfng 
7 4211 AGUADA BEACH (BXD)M( ‘ 


|D) D Pitcher 6165 MrDPiktar 

tEPtCW gc-p) Denys SmA 6124 _ C Gnrt 

8 0PP0 MARME _ 

12 00*0 FRENCH ftPICW (C-Q) Denys £ 
17 F000 SECRET LAKE J Chariton 7-160 

B Surey 


2 -113 NOHALWMNf 

3 0101 HUMBStSTOEi 

MfsMRvneO 611-10 - 
| M H Eastertw 6114 — 

_ M Dwyer 

19 31 OF M0JTARY CROWN (q(D) Mrs J Evans 6104.. 

64 Rhoecus. 62 Aorada Beach, 61 Star of Screen. 61 
French Nephew. 161 MMary Crown. 14-1 Secret Lake. 161 
Marine, 261 Cogra Moss. 


S1P0F FOUR SPORT (D) I Co* 11-4. 


Going: heavy 

9 BATTLES TOWN BOY MIsg E Sneyd 11-2-_ 8 Rawrij 

11 B BUTTS BAY J 0W11-2 N0N MJ W CT 

15 00 DIAMOND 0IGI» D Mchabon 11-2 — PBeydanma 

21 OO GEHBtAL RffiEDGE G HUUwd 11-2 R Fahey m 

22 0FP0 GERARD STHi Mrs GE Jonas 11-2— R Chapman W 

1.45 KNIGHTON NOVICE HURDLE (£1 336: 2m) (18 

5 3412 HOW NOW (DJMrsJ Pitman 611-9. 

6 2200 BtRNmr RULES (D)PF) S MeSor 6' 

10 0 BULL CORNWALL Mrs VMcKie 7-1 1-2— Rl 

17 DEVIL'S AWWWGPrteftartfGorian 611-2 SI 

18 GFTVOUOBIH Peachey 611-2 P Warner 

20 0300 MMAN RANGE Mrs MRuneO 611-2 GMcCmal 

23 00 KNOB OB Mrs E Sneyd 7-1 1-2 B PaM* 

31 OP RAPID AFFAIR SBowrtig 61 1-2 DShaw 

33 D/M REGENT LEISURE F Joran 7-11-2 RHyett 

a FOFO RO(iNDC»EY T Casey 61 1-2 — - — EBockteyfn 

37 FO SAWS RUBOMnJBarrow 611-2 NBoriey (4) 

39 0-00 SWNYWOODRAkirtjfst 611-2 H Danes 

41 F2 THAT'S FOR SURE D Mchoison 611-2 -PScuteora 
48 OP- BALAf&H J Speamg 7-161 1 AWebb 

52 P FOURTH OF APWLKavtorater 61 611 WWarttongton 


6161 ILaraa Vincent 

55 P-P0 LOWffi JES8KA Mrs GE Jones 61611 JSuttiem 

620FP0 WHITE PENNY Mtes A Laigard 61611 _ VWBaree(7) 
7-4 How Now. 62 tofintty Rules. 61 (ncaan Range. 13-2 
Thate Fv Sure. 61 Wtwe Penny, 161 Shmywood. 12-1 others. 

(£1.024: 2m) (15) 

4 -0F3 BOWDEN I Dudgeon 611-7 — _ MRtoharts 

6 SFPF TURKANATCflw6n-6___- BOonyoody 

10PU20 BAIWOCK PrWICEK BBhop6166 J ftMj 

- AVyBot 
JS uttMm 






0 JUST A HALF DMcCam 11-2, 

0*2 OWBrSPWDERAkehuisi 11-2 

00 RACHAN MASTER Mrs J Barrow 11-2 
SOUnERN REAPBl T Casey 11-2— 
0 WHITE ROSEN Henderson 11-2 

MtSS POTICAL J Cotton 161 1 . 


__ Peter Hobbs 


C Smith 

n PM SASFRMG B Forsey 11-165 - 
12 Q20P SHAfMEJROOTM 7-104. 
14 -an m VEWTEGH Yartfey 6-100 


16 4P4 MSS TULLULAH B Forsey 6104 CWarai(7) 

18 -0PO FFTH COLUM M WlesrrMh 6104 J Bryan 

20 P0B2 ORYX MAJOR DBurctw* 61 60 — 

22 -POO B£EPARX(B)M James 11-160 GDmaes 

23 -U0F DOUBLE BAffiB. W M-ColeS 1610-0 


C Evan* (7) 

Peter Hobbs 



30 3/PP LANCE PRIVATE R fiocock 6160 . 

11-4 Saspnrw. 7-2 Bowden. 9-2 La Vena. 7-1 Oryx Major. 
61 ShanraTfo-l MissTuiutah. 161 Bannock Proca 

2.45 MYTON HAWMCAP CHASE (£1,832: 3m) (16) 

3 110 F MEKBSISON TO PDutosee 611-9 BPoweE 

4 2221 CO MSOai TOT Faster 1611-6 HDtvM 

6 4212 GAUtSAY (BKBBMrs J Pitman 7-11-3 M Pitman 

7 -OOF DtNGftAT Mrs SDareriort 1611-3— P Scadamore 

161 1-IMrT ItatoMe Jmh 

11 II6P aaBBB* (B) FWatwyn 11-1613 K Mooney 

13 3BF carte SLAVET Forster 61611 RDiawoody 

17 3-00 MR MOLE Mre S Gi 11-168 AWebb 

1B44PR OlSttACKPARKTODV«bms6168- GWfaw 

21 4QQB DOUBLeUAGABl (P) C Hotmas 12-166 Cl 

22 OPOP ROGABOO TOP Baiay 16166 J1 

27 P0(1 SPRM^KJOO G Hartwan 6161 SI 

29 144 IBJBURY LAD M Wdesmbh 6161 JBryaa 

30 26f ROYAL POTION (HVO) D Pesnran 11-161 HffiehantS 

33 0V2 SONNY MAY G Hutrad 16160 — 

P e te r Ho bha 

62 Clara's Lad. 61 Hctoing SqJres. 4-1 Owen's Pride. 61 
Diamond logger. 61 White Rose. 161 Rachan Master, 161 

Warwick selections 

By Mandarin 

1 .45 How Now. 2. 1 5 Bowden. 2.45 Co Member. 
3.1 5 Owen’s Pride. 3.45 Dancing Sovereign. 4.1 5 
Browns Star. 4.45 Eastern Line. 

145 HATTON NOVICE CHASE (D’tv k £1,024: 2m 

4 0303 DANCMG SOVEHEXM (BXQ) Mis J Pitman 


5 3021 OtlHALLOWBOYT Casey 611-7 EBacktoy(7) 

6 1344 MGHRSJGETOTOJ PerreB 611-7 R Stronbe 

16 POO BOBA F6TT A HoMpnti 611-1 — tor BDovritogfr) 

19 4 DANGEROUS GAI^F Wakvyn 7-1 1-1 K Mooney 

38 -OOP STAND HRH R Go* 7-11-1 C Brown 

46 M0* PENNY FALLS S Bowrvg 7-1610 DShaw 

51 0000 YOUNGJB1 Mrs HDowson 7-1610 JSuthem 

53 004 BOARD TIC TRAM MSS J Seaborn 6167 W Knox (4) 

55 000 PtXC CUSXBI D Mchatam 6167 P Scudamore 

56 6 SECRET VALET BR 61 0-2 RComk 

64 Dancmg Sowimi. 61 Duhaiiow Boy. *-1 H<9h Ridge. 

11-2 Dangerous Game. >3-2 Penny Fats. 67 Board The Tran. 

161 others. 

4-15 HATTON NOVICE CHASE (Div II: £1,024: 2m 


3 4201 BROWfS STAR (01 J Maxwef (Ira) 61 1-7.. p Deride 

10 0F31 ANNA'S MITE R Bokaney 7-11-2 ... Judy BMcauay (7) 

11 OKI CLEAR THE COURSE Ttastor 61 M^LTHDailee 

17 BPFU CARRAM0RE OUTLAW J Gasgrare 7-11-1 N Briitiau 
21 P6F GALLOBAY R Nowrits 7-fM G~ 

25 P-PP K JOHN Miss Benytvi Brown 611-l"__ L' WKaee (7) 

27 003F LUGFS OjORY G H Yarfltey 611-1 CSnOi 

3S 03UP SAWYERS SON Mrs P Rigby 7-11-1 _ Hfr A Hmwbh (7) 
39 0300 VALLEY JUSTICE C Tr«j£e 611-1 TT 

50 63P TAWS lASTCGram-fres 7-1610 Mr M Law 

5* O00F H0N-SM0KB1 M Pipe 6167 U 

1M Osar The Course. 11-4 Anna s Mita. 7-2 Brown's 
Stat, 13-2 Non-Smoker, 161 Lrigi's Glory. 12-1 others. 

36 BHF MBGABFrWGTorw 7-164 

ft: iMbay Fort (R DunwaxJy, 74J-WL 
SrtSn Legrw 7-2 Wav. 7 tan. Nft HjW 
Free. 13. 12t L KBranLTOtft £4.1tt 
£230, fSJM DF: 2S5.60. CSF: E6SAR. 
AftffmrihOWI. IMItartlSShriwood, 
11-Ttav); 2. Fiw^ 

3-1 Oansay. 9-2 Co Member, 11-2 

Me mbers o n, Doubteagate. 7-1 MegataL 61 CMo 

2m) (15) 

1 01 CLARA’S LAD D H Jones 114 — MWfenre 

2 1000 HKKUNGSQUBES (D)W Wharton 11 -Q_SJotB 


J H BAar 611-B — P ScadMaart 

611-6 EBudday (7) 

CTrattne 611-6 A Sharpe 

J P SmA 611-0. PCtteian(7) 

James 12-168 — — — 

16167 JSriham 

J Cosgrave 7-104 — T PfcdeM (7) 
IGM6160 Stowed 


(El 542: 2m) (9) 


8 0400 MORE " 

9 1-0* DEVIL TO PLAY i 
24 4 ppb Amuutnu. 

34 1000 SHEET 
40 020 BBSS 

2-1 Eastern LteS, 61 Dwfl To Ptoy. 62 Mom HooeW. 61 
Noble Pamn. 61 Street Level, 12-1 Matetreno. i*-t others. 

Frenct mu na 1 


. „.j« Bm (12-1); 4, (6l>^ran. Nfb 

tirhy ROM. ia. x. 2. NT«Won- 

Dm Tote: Q30: E1.7D. £200. £3 SO. 
£ 1 . 60 . OF: £1630. CSF: £2184. Tricast: 

4JS an 2J eft) 1. Deset Fo* (R RussflU 
IMS 2. BtoMrty ffwns fevfc 3. Tanker 
s-n 11 ran. ft. & ft foas* Tote: £820; 
£2A0, £150. £1.40. DF: £7 AO- CSft 

5.10 (2m hdla) 1, a 
fl-8 tart Z Yate 
Donavan's Chocs (6i 

Meta. Tots: £250; £150. £150. £1.16 
DF: £2.70. CSF: E454. 

5AS (2m tat) 1. W te wonaer (M Bosley, 
12-1); 2. Bay-Em-Vay 661*1 1 The Kutak 
HM). Wed Wishw (Princess Arew, 4th) 
Beach Grove (61 to). 27 ran. NR: 
‘ “ Placa Good Lady. Shentas 

, »*. Mr# V MCKib. Tote: £1450: 

Retort Placa Good 

Lady. 8. nk. Mrs V Me - 

£450. £350. 2250. Dft £83.10. CSF: 

&15 (an Hat) 1. Charter Har dwi re (P 
Ptwnb. 61);a Snath's Getnbte (5-2 to); 3. 
Sa-s At The Gin (161L 2L 41 28 ran. Nr! 
Ron) Gratae, Daririiong. Mrs J Pitman. 

to4t rmsfc w^i. rfSo. n&. uf. 

£25 JO. CSF: £1852. 

Ptecepob £4035 


News, views, previews, reports 
Badminton “56 World Charopionshipaj 
Etc. Dont miss the Spring issoa 
Available from W H Smith, Menzies 
and other leading newsagents or m 
case of difficulty write to Eventing 
Magazine. Vallrs House. 57 ValfeRoad. 














Oliver Sherwood’s horses are 
in tremendous heart and the 


Upper Lamboum trainer fol- 


lowed up Wednesday's Chelten- 

m *1 

ham double with another win 
from Sacred Path in tbe Mail On 

Sunday Novices Handicap 




Four from home there were 


three in the air together. Sacred 


Path. Mithras and the favourite. 


Polar Sunset, but aL the next 


Sacred Path began to assert 


himself and it looked all over 
when he jumped the last fence 



beautifully, but Mithras rallied 

gamely and the winning margin 


was only a head. 






> hit 







- • 




uld be 


udes r 


p 10 a 

10 1 





Is for 



rs arc- 





is. Mr 

He 2 m' 



r * — 


h his 



y nos 
. Ala-. 

!> •: 
PI) - 
ng a 

Julio . 

y 2 i rl 



^pptt.18 1986. 


Success breeds 
success for 
Venables and 

“ ' «*■ stunning 

Barcelona’s amvai 10 


Allan Harris, the clubs En- 
glish management team- 

The two men coollvana 
shrewdlv plotted *e defeat of 
Xludented Swedish side. 
Gotebor&. who hdda 

from the first leg. m 

dav night’s semi-final second 

Sun, -*■?*» ««* 

dilute Latin 

their emotions, the 


KSingihV sco^tS 

rather than go for the fourth 
and risk everything. That 


AiVwrto. our bnlliant left back. 

Alberto. o^ Toholdteck 

and^keep his position. I *jj& 
always far keener on the idea 
of a penalty shoot-out than all- 
JESUS? which could have 
cost us an away goal. 

Within .the spaa of 21 
months since n Vea f^ h „^ e 
rived in Spain, Barcelona h 
won foe Spanish champion- 
ship and have this year 
reached the finals of the 
European Cup and the Span- 
ish Xup- Tin? Z 

favourites to win bom 
against Steaua Bucharest, the 
Romanian army 
Seville on May 7 , and Real 


S Africa 
AH Black 

HORSE trials 


official four, 

Barcelona s 
progress in that shon umecan 
be out down to a number of 
tXl primarily: Jor^d 
planning, attention to detail, 
intelligent coaching and a 
cUsreJrd for scnnmenu Aod 
with money no objem- 
Venables has beens^xed^Y 
financial wornes. That iswhy 
a forward hne next season 
comprising Marie Hughesffor 
whom he has mid 
United £2 million) and um 
Rush cannot be totally ruled 

STS 5 »»». »«sg 

seem, can be arrange witn 
ridiculous ease. . . . 

Barcelona ' s C a to?“ 

rijug as -mtw- 

IS 22 S , w&so«S aSETS 

policy rf 
_ J -ych win be 

cSr the w«ek*«L ??» 
play 12 wffgf* r. 

foes* wiiufftf nl 


and rugby 

Virginia Lm* * nun “ ** ** 
of dressa» « 

on his first ride. 


ILVivw* , 

tsh National 


Who led 

1 year, was 

&SsSs^S EfMrs. 


SS£^ 3 ts« 5 *?s; 

stfll denying 
to*W ledge of *** ««i 

pair helped to 
fervour with 

Venables explained; “We a European , 

had to drum it into some of Spanish soil wiUaisoP 
ibe playere that it "~ c far “ *** “ 

lbe --oorts were 

johannesbiBg «*** 

a brae." 

showing nonc _____ 
which has oo&~ Vtthoutfi many 
him m ridCTsao theff 

of the °*S^ p JSSna Bruce 

dressage today. states 

her 1.2 “""J^TudS whose 




Badminton- ^ ^ who 


___ across 

rou ^L*S?s 32 -fence cross- 
w BonOW iJr^s usnaL 

S? 3 flS.S?i£ 7 aS 

at fences but m most 


go in fike a boo 



J^Sssfer the test *«®bdbre 

oh Sunday* 

• Green. who was 

.{ v " 

see wte 
any . ad of 
is 'off today » 
"Wiltshire to noe 

JSSesggss « 5&£53 


»bS 5£?S 


first time as long 
Romanians, a neat, mdustr^ 
ous side, are not tmderesj- 

C^iecM 4 om SjyJgJ 


around, that thought can be 
"TpSe dock approached 

8 ^ and the cddwMJ 
were coming to an end, 
Venables seemed calm ana 
thoughtful- It had been so aU 
night No raucous reltaseof 
emotion, just the ^ 
trolled expression which hia 
inner thoughts. 


wait on 

‘The whoie thing was quite 

f£ 2 S£FG 2 ££ 


Welling pm hopes 
on their ground 

bu, «S w> 


who had n°t W* ™ 1 . 

S ^startey>ga*rttey« 
ring fomth - 
fey being in 

October. , i> ^./^r^dj a elmas 


cdebmtuig bis 21 st 
Badmimoa COtffSC _ 

saidtfaat this yearis cour^o 
ha r less severe than last 


of chMsaort; t. 



sMofa.J^W.osSS^S ^ 

13 S 

JS^pSLed official in® 
tiou is expected to be^ 

^ wbo rkfcs Mi^*™ 
Lteytoday, is ta«J 3 y P* 8 ^ “ 

SSI^J*Wgf SffX ad 





By Clive White 

»e the Dairy Council’s five - 


Robson is 

for Scotland g?JB£, sssssrs 

as runaway winners .of 

Se fi B sS£SlS«« R®”£ 

SSiS AD that »» £ 

J." iiniws to a dose on bunoay division. Ail fa 

SwSy.sotoomighiU^of the Kent d . rnmnnlitv' — IS tO 

s?SSgBKSS£ '^l^rs^onoo 

Bryan Robson 

the England 


f tjui season." said Walter 
tLith tlwNo 2 to Graeme 
Sm,lh ' ^RaJSrs’s newly ap- 

^sSs SiiSSi 


involved on Scodand^i^ bfliion takeoyw 

Wednesday and seems cer- 
tain io miss tomorrow's match 
against Toitenham Hoteprn aj 

sfrsr.raffif Trs^s-: 

witbfoe Reserve side whoam 
hopeful ofwinmngtbetr reserve 

5 B , ffW 5 «fiiS 5 S clubw«* fiwnwd in * 963 . Since 

SRJlsisSaSSS «» 

» sS 3 «._<f> «Es 

b “ kros - SrS9w»S 

improvements, mey 

to Bexley United 

StKut of existence in 
0 *L S ‘-^. , gS 

likely t° «>““* ” r 

** “’“uSX 

SSTaSw >■ ■* w 

“ 1 ° g T^ - uMcH. Tke 
tenary cdtw*»«w .TItT-i*. 

Bloom catches the 
eve at Hampstead 

^ v ' ■ _ „ • Om egDO n dent 

ByBexBeD amy ,T^C«T«POod“* i 

foarare:i ^Bmhi and Fllppie 

The <W>. JS! 

and the Athenian 

Ua& *> andihe Sou thero_L^ 

Atidnsorulhejnai^r.Mjf l - ha]f p^dee United. 

SSStat ^ the outcome 
this oarticular contest . 

sSSSSS ^ 5 W 

thetf negotiating posittonwith — “*■ "® “* OT0 “ * -*«> »« ^ 



Waltz to 
step up 
the pace 

British , Sp!SS“«ai 0 £ 
SS»WA. lte .? 1 g°g 


‘ MBw 

Walker, from 

many matches naw — Mike wai«a»“,y“ 

ways a S! won the; 6 

TtiTyGibstm tinned off half 
waytiSwfih the fit* half with a 

SdflySSen right knee and « 

definitely out of the Sp^^J e a 
Paul McGrath had sujcb« ina 
foot injuiy but will be fit for 

kindly to 

with the 

any future sponsor asjweU^ 

Hughes, who 

for Bmcelona. ,att 


Handshakes, voluntarily of- . as sponsors oi me 

of a maich, wdl Jl^cupby UtriewoodsnCTt 
^ I 1 “ic^Teriauette at next L^f \£f! *xd the wmnm 



« cnansors of the 

^r^e when JespCT Olsen was 
ruled out with an anUe injury- 
The Welsh inieroanonsJ oefe- 
Krated by sconng more than 
once in a match since ibe firsi 
game or the season. 

• Brian Stein, the Luton for- 
ward. was under ixratmcntfora 

6 S 5 fe-a-san 

McSiro (CTWe White wnt^J. 
Sous that the garn^s show- 
££e should set a proper ctmj 
nle in sportsmanship, rir 


SS^-s aas 

on Sunday 

SfkSns wiO, 
B 1 . 000 . Guiimess and „ B ^^te 
vrill be anncipaung a douwe 
celebration toast - in milk stout 
no doubt. 

• Swansea City FooiteH Cubs 

famm hf be ?^£ 50?000 ^ 
time hfmB - . Rccdver 

roanded by iheOffi««K^n^ 
to cover proved g® e ^ H:en 

club's manager, and hji 

JJ^dSES’ all ttbkjk 

still teraembw wnra 

'K.’SS ? 41 

cluS^rit View Road 

Swud who hM sincegoneOT 

*° ^S39 ^S°vS 

stone with »JK?Jrw m the 

By David PoweD 

Crete WfotttbeWOTietfJ 

world <*ampion. b^ve| sics t 


*"^5 ^taay and 


SSnJtoS 3 ra^d*tai 

result ind*caies. «m 
more than he 





Bale beat 


two of Mtain’s ranked playeis. 


she will ^ her 

this season, making him 


m h« oeak in Brimn- 

andit ispart of the area Welling in'i«« Marathon in a 

Se goal ovwtoofangto ^nday-s 3-3 draw between the but added hnu^e 

world best tune. 

would soon 


«i>a m^neciors. it IS 

knowledge that they . ■* a 

no fears of I 

koowiwNSP ““ff.j^oitch that 

Welling « “^Svtae the 
they would be 
“Our aim is 


and seen n tu. Aimwg^ 

" k»ve to be there, i 





would all 


pool, a result which pu*.^ 


Johnston was their scorer. 
.Don Maekay^d^ former 


Coventry MW*- ^ 


^yesterfay^, ^ Donald 

has agreed to eoine nntil the end 

Hill offers compromi^ 

tte 24 Mm^BCO“ntnesat a 
m<vtina in Zurich this weex- 

S 51 

much discussion. 



Jimmy Hill. ^ 




ture ro^ attempt to preserve 

proposed league voting struc- 

the existing pattern. 

The threat of a breakaway 
. i-^r league* loomed a p i in 
<^ond division repre- 
2 ^ri^«dngi»Londom 

*■** dute - 

Everton chairman, who has 1 
the restructuring moves. 

H remains the 
in the socalled 
reform wfocb .&*s 
dubs on Apnl M^onr^^ 

Palace chairman, 
SMrSf&hSw with every- 
thing else. — 

utmost on it 
Gola League 

in our place would be awe to 


to finish second and third. Bo „ 

ggusSSi »^^Baas 3 *“ 

IV auikM 1 CUP: Samt- POT * P “^ 

— tunwa-tc MottJWWtflvCWIte. 


rake a feSS SCnOUS 


dStStion of b«n« 


Ingrid Knsuansen, hor 

- countrywoman, ran 





odd season out when toe a™ 
wens in the Athenian League. 

tile- Andrew 


SuSS* about” no adgacent 

ssra.Ts»aiS 5 

sSSe S 

^•w l^bmdSteptot^" .SZ£ i«st but movts ^ 

^bMlcn 6-1 M by CM hava y mmctol 

tW bi tvdvfiacd b-*tand 

Miss B«nnep» 
from Bedford. 


a a pretty 


when trying 



insurance and would probably 
SsT a «ling axe to chop 

s^£« 3 S gAlSSjS&S^»E 

origins. She is O^fiedto > 

ms ® 4 

awonouww-r: u_ Waitz 
which stfli stands- Mrs Wf“ 


SSTtasa Viemame^ fethar 
and a Frtaw* moa h ^’ f hxmto 

these tennis playerawrre bom to 

Sm£r»i?il imoi m Rnt nuo* P 

iRSuna lilmMSlBOO. fi* 

her to miss training 88 

makes her reluctant 

u«vpooi i. 

Bangor cay I- 



as January makes her 



“ai^tas brt» »«®» 
Jerusalem and, 


improving .“Tj ™ 

years older, already had an 
established game. 


maybe * 1 

ssJwanl . 



“H ® 1 

4 , 6 ^M^SeroMp 3 zJtet. Gw A 1( 



na m TS^^?^ , n( , l o. 

LEAGUE: KHWermUaw ( £. 

lNMtodon 1 









~T,. -5 K-75? l rSggS 

SB wvwon: imaykfo— 
IiSSi? ^S^aBnwkrti- 


ham D. 

hrst wyw?l.!25? x o a Brasaprtl 


I Treasurers are smiling 

York 6, WnJTlngWn 34. 


last week before 
Sraost did not do any running 


^^-BEJSS yo3Tm«s% si 
pooy^j-fpgyp SSiSS wt ptt* w_v ph 





Supporter gete Cardwell is 1 ®^*® 
reward for 70 I eight-month. hah\ 

canriPP 1 • /,.n. MflThnlkni 

"-Uad to take six we? 5 £ 

this winter but ibe 
wMks have gone wrthout any 
■■nhiwTH a nd 1 have been 


than l have bad. It is more 
iSlistic to think of breaking my 

PWK® 81 ^:” ^ 32 , 

Mrs Waitz, 


PHE srot M Camwtfi 


233 ,. 

wa* 2 ^^XfcStftf^'fort»oa *■ 


TTOim 7 . cwasjo a tffliSS 

t St Louis *. WjngsoS^toai^Gubw*" 

l 2 S. 4 ^ l, ^«dES £ Sm& ?■ 

^S£«Mon5r vencouw i: 
Vancouver X EOTOTW" . [PrtnKXtton mm 

years' service 

Eddie El son. aged 81, an OW- 

^foUower "bo cycte mail 


spoken before of m9derafoigher 

So utter, En g Han d* 8 


w aa Gou tya i w^ ***? , 

AnOBraon IScottanoi w ^ luamo 

«^ , §^ t 5 S£SS , SS?f _ _ 

3 ®^S§ 8 §£! 

SgSgSgfeM-* 9- 

gS£L L JSsr?5c®®S&g 




nbraALL coHaunoK f"*** " a 
g Sgr i- MW" 1 . Souflampm * 

• Walthamstow Avenue must 
TL^Vkofihe sight of Juoray 


SWBJ 1 SO 0 

wwvemampwn WffiBBH 

»«= 3 Ea? , B 

did it on March » wnen 


SfefcRafy «fl« *• 

(Rnm Jantfm) »- 

S3 Farnborough 

won 5-0 at 


^SvTandbe repeated 

the feat on Wednesday 

70 vears, was yesterday na ^ T ’f“ 
Rug^League supporter of the 


CRICKET: Kepler Wes^lhe 
farmer Australian opening Iwts- 
man. has said he would coraid^ 
playing for South Afinas ag>«gj 
Sw rebel Austraiiaru later dus 
vear. The South-Afttcan born 
batsman returned to his home- 
land yesterday. 


the Wramphn^iam horeeuiaM 
near Wymoncfliain on Apru^r. 

HOCKEY: Trevor Clarke will 
Kfoe Hockey Asi^mion. 
which he joined m '975, «i 
October 31 to become M^jaJ 
coach and programme diwrior 
of the Canadian Field Hockey 

OOLf: Jack Nicklaus. the US 
Masters champion, is to play in 
SrSoiSn Open later this 
month for die &l time since 

ICE-HOCKEY: Tony HaiuLfoe 
Murrayfield Rwsu centre, has 
won CalraryPm^ 

the Canadian chib. 
year for two weeks of pre-season 


good plain 
will be the besL 

The failings of the. btfie 

Mrs Cardwell, * *S?*lS 

British. op« 

mL s^oct tas a 
reluctance to take an early buL 
even when H is preteuted to bw. 
and Mrs CardweU exploued 

dme-iag to the full with lobs and 

cwm Pg 


a father for the fire* time ctaraa® 
these championships, lo« 

9 5jg fo 58 minutes to nwoy 
Jahan. his 36-year-okl England 
team colleague. 

t •The Squash Rackets Associ- 

1 a family w y^ 5 ation will hold an inquiry mto 
Cardwell won her die performance of Qamar 
^-^cc^v^Bmi^opcn Zaman-of^PaJg^-bo^ 

Lucy Soi 

age champion, -y* Virld 

strayed the ambition ofYioa 
Cardwell, the fonner Australian 
world champion, to reuira to 

the Hi-Tec British open 

championships for 

c^t Wraths after the birth or 

her first child. 

At Dunnings MiIL 


S^ 5 oJ 3 ESS*aSS£SSr 

in a player far older than her 19 

Her opponent in t his tlu rd- 

round match “PS? 
women's squash until she re- 
tired to start 
ago. Mrs 

title and the world champmn- 

ship in 1983. She had expnsswl 

her determination to break bade 
mto the game for access to fee 
earnings levels radaHe to Su- 
san Devoy, the world champion 
and top seed for this ev^iL 



have a I 

beaten . „ 

minutes by Tristan N^Kano^ 
of Australia, in the .second 
round of the East Gnnstead 
event (the Press Assoaahon 



r 7 i^ J AaS£«ffc 


ambhionsin rurrnim but was 

b ay*t team of six 1 working to 
promote health rod fitnes&and 

Sid; “That is som^lui«lw^t 

to. pay mom atientiOD to- Kcm- 


ioh 1 am starting is a tng 

1987 or the 1988 

has had to mate fo^Su«^y » 

how to tackle fee tot 

nf the race. She is normally 

paced by her brother, Jan.uP“ 

thatpomt, bttf he 

arm at his work as a printer 

cartier this week. . .. 

The only woman to betf a« 
Norwegian in a maramon .B 
Joan Samuelsoa 
who did so in the 1984 Olympic 
Games, but Mrs W*t 2 ought 
just find a new rival at ha£ds 
on Sunday. Veromque NterM, 
toe FreSboro hold* of the 
British best, demon^aed m 
the Bath half- marathon last 
month, wife a tune of 70mm 

By Pul Hamsun 

this season, of 

thanks to the sponsor^* c* “* 

Bank — promises to jmt 
on the faces of dub 
treasurers right town theTeague 
ladder. C 3 ubs th 3 * h avc wtt 

because of an elaborate sy^em 

of rewarding both P«fornra°£* 
and pnuoSon, ming mare 
money than ever before.. _ 
^^^winnera of the max s 
division,- Potorna,. have » 

£600, while the victors m *he 
fourth division pick: up E150. 

Not much in terms of I*?: 


ZHZuSr endeavour such 

bawbees nwo 
James Tyfeo, feereur^^* 
of Potoma, says^* Mite end « 
the books must 

the day, 

^ironically, Speed^eHl 
Rucanor, who have ^ 

league three tunes m the past s» 

se^ms and the cup an eqtral 

of seasons yet not add to men 
stock of silverware. 




saH. &ia MU w 





Miit visa pboia 

'V& VEbT’S'S 

^Srarnw.CMigw rTPg 
ce a*Q T 2 QO 

sSr^ A MO SM 

Sme M ca-OO iii adwaAM Jar 


; '% . 


\ - " 

nrMM. 3 .m 

Avenue wi 499 Jhsi 

SJnMH r T tm GCaOO 7200 

Tjr-jTo, (a^riS« S w 

hdd3» aL ZMk aoo. 

tool vnojQiaw nooMMe. . 


8 . 13 . 

I45CC. UBi im — : — _ 

2hr 28min 4sec could be m for 
substantial revision. 


11. is. 

aoSsau- wmatr 1 Oacanu 

OUT WitfWA'lSlgW 

*oa 2™** 
I uwda M» Kr www 

anWai uatS 

— — OKSr-WtaodM 

proiraSA. T-aa 
- J45 A H. CM 

vtfmtf »>ML 


^aram »MM| 

I competitors w 31 be 

in Monday's paper 

Ta 5 s._ 3 jd._s.iaj^ 


<i 8 L . 

Dally 2 - 18 . ,SOA 
& 40 . AB M«* 

\.< 3 . _>JgSq 



Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 

and Peter Davalle 

•-.-.i' 58, 

N. \*l 

I." 1 . *r- ' }/. 

. • I. 

--'V ... ■V.’t',' 

. .C~- 

6.00 Ceefax AM. 

Greenwood. Weather at ' 

8J5; regional news, 
weather and traffic at &57 
737. 7.57 and 8*7; ’ 

national end international 
OJO and 9-00; sport at 
730 Lynn Faulds 
Wood e consumer report 
at 8.1 S; and a review of the 
morning newspape 
8J7. Plus, ways of 

- IpsrtEop music nows! 0. 
The guest is author Lesfie 

&20 CeefaxIOJO ftay School. 

12-30 News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore and 
Moira Stuart, includes 

raws headlines with 

subtitles 12.55 Regional 

news. The weather details 

come from (an McCaskiU. 

1 JJO Pebble MSI at One^T 

.Paul Cote and Josephine 
Buchan. There is raws of 
a car that runs without 
fuel; and Lesley Kenton ' 
presents a new diet 

_ jre sfim without having 
to count the calories 1-45 

• *. 

Gran. A See-Saw 
programme for the very 

i .. 

••a- .. " ■ 

i- >.4. C 
■ ^ 4 i ■ j 





i voice of 

Lola Voting (r) 2JJ0 Ceefax 
3.52 Regional news 
3J55 T.T.V. Tea-time television 
for the young 4w10 The 

' Kwicky Koala Show. 

Three cartoons. 

4J80 Film: The Sky Bflce (1 967) 
An adventure, made bv the 
Children's F9m 
Foundation, about two 
boys and a strange okf 
nran who are radng to 
... bufld the world’s first fiying 
bicycle. StarrinaSpencer 
Shires and Ian BGs. 
Directed by ChadasrFrend 
5.35 The PHntstones. 
Cartoon adventures of a 
modem Stone Age family. 
&00 News wfto Sue Lawtey and 
Nicholas WttcheS. 


635 London Plus. 

7 JJO Wogan. Terry's sit-in. Sue 
Lawley, talks to Geoff 
Boycott George ChaWris, 
Dan Marino and Dacfc 
Rambo. Music is provided 
by Katrina and the Waves 
740 Fve Got a Secret Tom 
O'Connor presents five 
more guests with secrets 
that have to be discovered 
by Jan Leemmg, Derek 
Jameson. Sandra 
Dickinson and Barry ■ 
Cryer. (Ceefax) 

8.10 The Co&ys. Sable is 
determined to thwart 
Jason in his efforts to 
obtain a divorce even if 
means dishing the (firt on 
her sister; wraie Monica 
seems to be the only 
person in the dan to be 
having fun now that her 
relationship with Nefl is on 
a frtendier footing. 


wftfi JufiaSomarvffla 
and John Htemphrys. 
Weather.- - 

6.15 Good Morning. Britain 

- JandNickOwm 
News with Gordon 

73Q.8JJ0. 830 and 8.00: 

sport at 6.40 and 74S; 

exercises at 6 J6; cartoon 
^ p°p video at 7-^5; 
Nigel Dempster’s gossip 

column at 835; the 

Qraon’s wealth at 832; 
*«mmy Greaves's 
Weyiston highlights at 
8-40; mala model. Bob 
McQuUen. at 8J13; health 
and beauty; and the 
launch of a 'royal kxjK- 
afike’ competition at 9.12. 


8-25 Thames news headlines 

flowed Good Sense 

Defence. A documentary 

short on the national, 
campaign, Kidscape. 
designed to enable adults 
. to teach chUdren good 
sense defence, perttcuterv 

against sexual abuse. 

045 Cartoon Tint* featuring 


Prairie. Laura and Afixert 
help a dying boy fulfil his 
ambtbon of seetng the . 
ocean before he eras (r) 

-- IIJMTh® Prirewinners- 

The story of Martin Luther 

IGng who was the 
youngest redpiem of the 
Nobel Peace Prize, 
awarded to him in 1964, 
four years before Ms 

1130 About Britain. C6ve 
Gurmeti, continuing Ms 
trek atong the Cotswofd 


1230 Benny. Adventures of a 
dog (riizio Rainbow: 
Learning with puppets 
1230 Ageless Ageing. 
Lesfie Kenton examines 
ways of delaying the 

Parkin 130 Thames news 
130 F8m: Vou Pay Vouc 


Money* (1956) starring 
Hugh McDermott, Jane 

and Honor 

Thrffier about a 
that specialises In 
rig valuable 

.Directed by 
Madean Rogers. 3.00 

University Chaflenoe. 3.25 

Thames news 
330 Sons and Daughters. 

4.00 Rainbow. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
12.10 4.15 James the Cat 
Cartoon series 435 Emu's 
Pink Windroffl Show. 

5.15 Connections. Sue Robbie 
presents another round of 
the quiz- game for 

545 News with John Suchet 
630 Ihe 6 O’clock Show 
with Michael Aspei. 

7.00 Me and My Girl Simon 


930 WynoeandPaotewsky. J 
The third; and find partof 
the dr a m a b ased on . - ■■ 
Gravifle Wynne's.- Man. - 
from Moscow, the story of 
his years as ^British . 
agehtinRussiaand Ws- 
deafings with toe 
subsequently executed . 
Russian, OtegPenkovsky. 
(Ceefax) (r) ■ 


1035 Omnibus: Lawrence ana 
Arabia. An Qmnfous 
reappraisal ofihe life and 
career ofT.E. Lawrence, 


i contributions from Ms 
family, friends; colleagues 
and Arabs who remember 
him. (see Choice] 

1135 Film: W.E3L (197B) 

starring Pamela Beffwood, 
Alex Cord and Richard 
Basehart Drama set in the 
world of network 
television. When EHan 
deddes to re-ecfit a 30 
hour series she 

i her career 
I her relationship with 
the series producer. 
Directed by Hervey Hart 
130 Weather. 

wallows ini 
draws tip a list! 
girlfriends, (rt 
Murder, She Wrote: 
Murder Digs Deep. 
Jessica Is on an 
archaeological dig to gain 
flora new book when she 
stlimbles on a murder.- 1 
830 Howto R ooaLComedy 
series starring John Thaw 
.. as the dvorcee whose son 
arrives on htedooretepto 
unexpectedly upset Ms 
new bachelor existence. 

930, Auf Wtadaqntaen, P«L 

Trouble in a rflsco creates 

ha 00 News atTen with Aiastair 
Bwnetand Sandy GalL 
1030 TheUndmPregrarnaia 
. JbhnTayiorinvestl^tes 

c^lllfwbo appear so 
vufrwrabia in today’s 
traffic. Followad by LWT 
News headlines. - 
1130 Soothe# Watford. The 
•- story otartist, poet and 
- writer, flfryear old Alison 
• - Waley. _ 

1140 Shoot POoO Mtek Casey 
plays Dave Dolman to 
another John Bull Bitter 
London Pooi 
Championship match. 

1225 Hawafi Ffre-O. Steve 

McGarrett has trouble with 
a bizarre game of cards. 

•To appreciate the terms of 
reference of Juba Cave’s 




T.E. Lawrence: an Oam&ns 
f^ooBBCl. 1035pm 

(BBCi.iOJSpm), you need to 
lake account of the titie.Where 
you would expect the “of', 
there is the “and ".The distinction 
is important When David 
OTooie movte, he cfrew upon 
a conventional source - Sir 
Ronald Storrs's semh 
monarcMcal label for Lawrence, 
"The Uncrowned King of 
Arabia". The inference was 
dean Lawrence’s role in the 
Arab revolt was the pre-eminent 
one. You only have to read 
Th& $aven p&ars of Wisdom. 
written in Lawrence’s own 
hand, to come to a srnnter 
Omnibus fBm does not attempt to 

Step Lawrence or tne glory 
thBt some historians and myth- 
merchants have clothed him 
m. Nor (toes K tofiow the 
conoctesbc example of 
Richard Aldington 'xho. ironically 
enough, chose to can Ms oe- 

mytmozmg biography Lawrence 
of is. m a word, the 

nearest anyone can sensibly 
hope to get to a mufti-fevai 
assessment of Lawrence, as 
man and political 

visionary.Not only are Arab and 
non-Arab views axi 

i views expressed, 
but differing shades of opinion 
between Arab and Arab. A 
stimulating departure. There is a 
wealth of imeresting personal 
detail - much of it new to me - 
from Lawrence's surviving 

younger brother, anc ircm a 
venerate dene who was a 
schcoi chum of T.E. And. as a 
cairn counterpoint io me 
chrcnipies of n»gh as venture "* 

me desert (some cf " 
ifiysteated wto archive fif.r. f nave 
never seen beferei. there are 
rr, emeries cl nights spent in 
Lawrence s Dorset reseat 
Clouds Hi'i. listening to Elgar and 
Seetncven.anp eating meals 
straight cut cl a tin. 

•Anne Brown s 

unr.ur«6afed .r.serview v«h 
Enoch Fcwai! is repeatei this 
morning (R&dc <.S.05j.You 
should listen td h. if cniy tc 
hear the MP .n tears over one of 
his own v>ar poems, and 
expsmtr.g trie neture o! the guilt 
he will take with nim to tne 

Peter Davalle 

BBC 2 

055 Open University: Let There 
be Music 730 Weekend 
Outlook. Ends at 725. 

9,00 Ceefax. 

1230 Caring tor Older People. 


An Open University 

r1255 Ceefax. 



The Wanton* (1949) 

and Bernard Biter. 
drama about a young wife 
who systematically milks 
her husband of his money. 
He in turn makes tee 
mistake of taking her love 
lor granted. Directed by 
Yves Allegret (English 

330 FHrr The Bkte Btrrf (f S76) 
starring Efizabeth Taylor. 

A Russian /American co- 
production musical based 
on Maurice Maeterlinck's 
fantasy tale of children in a 
search for happiness. 

Directed by George Cukor, 
of Home. A 

535 Images 

preview of the new series, 
Heimat, which begins 
tomorrow on this channel. 

5.15 News summary with 
• subtitles. Weather. 

520 40 Minutes: Animal 
Crackers. Lucinda 
Lambton takes the viewer 
on a tour of Britain's more 
exotic buikfings created 
for animate, (n 

630 Young Musician of the 
Year 1986. The String 

640 Goff: 7 Tm Masters. Harry 
Carpenter introduces 
highlights from the first 
major tournament of the 

735 Souse endHome. The 
first of • new eertes 
tracing the evolution of the 
small English house from 
madtevaf times. Presented 


8.00 Moment of Truth. This 
final programme of the 
series foHows the fortunes 
of an intake of 20 National 
Health nurses on a six- 
week course to join the 
Queen Alexandra's 

830 Gardeners’ World. Roy 
Lancaster and Clay Jones 
visit the Faknouth garden 

930 Sporting Chance. Anneka 
. Rice takes to the air in a 
. hot-air bMkxxi; Stan 
Boardman (fives down to 
__ - iha wreck of a German 

- -.freighter off the coast of 

Jersey. The last 

- ^programme of the series. 
930 OneManondhlsDoB- 

The finals of the stogie and 

toe brace championships. 

10.15 Did You Sea.? 

. Kennedy is joined by 
Michael Grade. Max 


South Bank Show and The 
Cosby Show. 

1130 Newsrtght 11.46 

1130 Fane I 

made tor television drama 
which recenly launched a 
campaign to reunite 
fanNlies divided by the 
Korean war. The story, set 
in 1953. concerns a smafi 
boy and Ms ageing 
grandmother who arrive in 
a southern fishing viHrae, 
refugees from the north. 
The old woman sti 
to make ends meet 

the boy is befriended by 
an «a man and a smaB 


1130 Thefr Lordships' House. 
Live coverage of the 
debate on the Libya raid. 

230 Blues m the Afternoon. 
Two films about Blues 
music and players 
beginning with Good 
Montin 1 Rues to which 
B.B. King traces the 
development of 
Mississippi music 
featuring the sounds of the 
early exponents including 
Ma Ramey and Charlie 
Piation through to the 
Urban Blues of today with 
performances from tne 
likes of Big Joe Williams 
and Houston Stackhouse. 
At 335 Chicago Blues 
features the music of 
Muddy Waters, Junior 
Weds and Buddy Guy, 


amongst others. 
Countdown. ' 


winner is < 

Lynn Blackburn l 


I Where Are You?* 

530 Car 54 

Vintage American comedy 
series about two inept 
policemen, this evening 
trying to convince a 
coOeague mat it is Friday 
when m fact it is Thursday 
- the day he usuelly has a 
fight with his wile. 



Chart Show. Non-stop 
pop videos and chart 

6.15 Revid. Video film review, 
featuring Mips from toe 

most popular. 

630 Sofid SouL Julie Roberts 
and Chris Forbes present 
a selection of the best soul 
music performances from 
both sides of the Atlantic. 
The week's studio guests 
are Five Starr. Billy Ocean 
and Make Scott. 

730 Channel Four news and 

730 Book Choice. Germane 
Greer reviews 
A-LRowse's. Memories 
and Glimpses. 

830 What the Pepers Say. 
Freelance Godfrey 
Hodgson casts a critical 
eye over how the Press 
has treated the week's 

8.15 Bandung FBe. The first of 
a new series of magazine 
programmes for Asian and 
Afro-Caribbean viewers. 
Tonight's programme, 
introduced byDarcus 
Howe and Gita Sahgal, 
includes a film report on 
Benazir Bhutto's return to 

930 The Cosby Show. Comedy 
series starring Bill Cosby 
as an obstetrician and 
hard-pressed father. 

930 Gardeners' Calendar. 
April's edition Includes 
items on primrose trials 
and a demonstartion on 
the propagation of St 
Pauli as. (Oracle) 

1030 Cheers. Sam tries to 
convince Woody of the 
error of Ms ways when 
Woody becomes hooked 
on football game-betting 
pods. (Oracle) 

1030 WeB Being. Love Hurts is 
tie of this 

toe title 

documentary on sexually 
transmitted disease. 

11.15 Film: Lianna (1982) 

starring Linda Griffiths as • 
a wife and mother who 
has to make a new life for 
herself when her husband 
finds out about her lesbian 
relationship with her child 
psychiatry teacher (Jane 
HaJIaren). Directed by 
John Say las. Ends at 120. 

C Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. VHP variations at end 
of Radio 4 fistinoa 
535 ShipptogCoO News Briefing: 
Weather 6.10 Farming 
825 Prayer for the Day (s) 
630 Today, including 630, 

730. 830 News 6-4S 
Business News 635, 735 

Weather 700, 830 News 
725, 825 Sport 7.4S 
Thought tor me Day 835 
Yesterday m Parliament 8.50 
Your Letters 837 
Weather; Travel 
930 News 

8.05 Six New (new series). 
Different aspects of 
bang a man. Anne Brown 
talks to Enoch Powec (r) 

930 Taking me Waters. Ian 
bradiey explores the 
spas of Europe (r) 

10.00 News: International 
Assignment BBC 
correspondents report from 
around the world 
1030 Morning Story Stranger 
tn the Bed by John Kerr. 

Reader: George Parsons 
iernice (New Every 

10.45 Daily Service j 

Morning, page I3)(s) 
s: Travel: The 

1130 News: 

OnetySicknesse. Geoff 
Watts examines people's 
response to buconte 
plague in the bght of modem 

Knowledge (r) 
11.48 Natural Sel 

lection. Brian 
Betram talks about the 

1230 News: The Food 
Programme. Derek 
Cooper tests the strength of 
the packaging industry 

1227 Bodgers. Banks and 
Sparkes. Comedy Show 
(S) 1255 Weather 

130 The World at One: News 

140 The Archers 135 

230 News; woman's Hour. 
Includes features about 
thrae-day evanting and a 
200ft long panorama of 

100 News: Joseph Andrews 
(new series) by Henry 
Raiding. Part 1 . With 
Cornelius Garrett in the 
title role (0{s) 

430 News 

4.05 The News Huddlines. 

430 Kaleidoscope. A revised ' 
repeat of last night’s 

530 PM: News magazine 530 
Shipping Forecast 535 

6.00 News; financial Report 

830 Going Pieces. 

7.00 News 

7.05 The Archers 

720 Pick of the week. 

Margaret riewsra 
presents her selection of 
extracts from SBC radio 
programmes over tne past 

820 Stop Press. Nigel Rees 
on wnat nas been in me 
re/.-spaoers this week. 

845 Arty Cuesncns? Ray 
Wh may. UP. Srenca 
Dean. Sr A«x jarrett and Walston tackle 
issues r&sed by an au&ence 
ir: hjnn-ccn. Cembs. 

9.30 Letter trerr America by 
A!.st£:' Ccoke. 

945 Kate. dtiscape. Includes 
ccmten: cr, The Taming 
c* the Shrew, z: the Theatr 

10-15 A Book 21 Bedtime: The 
Bane o! Pciicck’s 
Crosses by J L Carr, read 
by Kerr Cr.-nkel 1029 
1033 The .Vcrid Tori'-nt 
11.00 Tccav :r. Parliament The r, iVorid 

1130 Week Ening. A satirical 
review at the week's 
news 'si 
12.03 News. Weather 1233 

VHF (avaiaite :n England and 
S VJaa onV: ss asove 
except 555-S.OC tveatrier: 
T'ave! 135-2-GGpm 
u sre ". "3 Corner 530-535 
PM icsrtnuesl 

C Radio 3 ) 

635 ■A’eat.'wr. 7.09 News 

7.005 Mbrr..n; Concert: Ravel 
(Smrg Qusrei ir, F)- 
Mozart (Symphony No 34). 
8.00 News 

835 Morning Concert (contd): 
Wagner i Siegfried IdyU). 
Schubert 'impromptu in S 
Pat. D 535 No 
3:Perahta.p<eno). Strauss 
(Three orchestral songs: 


Schwarzkopf .soprano). 
Ravel (Le tom beau de 
Couperin). 9.00 News 

9.05 This Week s Composer: 
Cherubini. Coronation 
Mass in A (Philharmonia 
Orchestra and Chorus 
under Muti) 

10.00 The Basset-Horn 
Revived: Thea King. 
Stephen Trier and Georgina 

ucoree. with Macoim 
Bmns (piano). Dawd Gow 
fTheme and variations 
for three oa ssef-homs). 
Mastaiir (intermezzo 
co nee name. Op 35 No 2). 
(Konzertstucfc NO 2 to D 
nmor, Op 114) 

1030 Lengham Chamber 

Orchestra (under George 
Malcolm harpsichord).. 
Hanoei (Panenope 
cverturei. Mozan (Serenade 
mf.KlOl). Haydn 
(Harpsichord Concerto to D, 
Hxvn id 

1135 Faure and Chausson: 

Faure (Piano Trio Op 
120: Col-ard( 

Chausson (Concerto for 
piano, vioim.and string 
guanet Op 21. with 
Boiei.Perlman.and me 
Jyii'iard Quartet). 

12.10 BBC V.'e'sh SO i under 
Yansonsj, with Dcng-Suk 

Kang («io Uni. Part one 
TcnaikovsKy (Symphony 
No i). l.O) News 
1.05 Concern: part two. 
Tchaikovsky (Violm 
Concerto); Romeo and Juliet, 
fantasy overture 
235 Mechner Piano Music: 
Hsmish Milne in a recital 
that mciudes Four pieces 
from Romantic Shetcnes 
for tne Young. Cp 54. ana 
the Sonata ui E minor. 

Op 25 No 2(The Night Wind). 
3.00 The Coahdge 

Commissions: Milhaud 
(The Dreams of Jacob: 
Sonant Ensemble with 
Huise.oboe). Pizzetti | Tre 

Gomez, soprano), Prokofiev 
(String Quartet No 1). 

4.00 Choral Evensong, from 
rthedraf: 435 

Hereford Cat 

5.00 Mamly for 
Berkeley with a selection of 
recorded music 

630 Music for Guitar: Juan 
Martin with some of his 
own liamenco-based works 

7.00 The Art Of Margaret Price 
ll). The soprano rfi works 
by Mozan (Vo* che sapete). 
webem (Five Soncs, Op 

3} and Handel (the'camaia Le 

730 Russian Music: BBC 
Philharmonic Orchestra 
i under Braithwane). with 
Howard Shelley 
Rachmaninov /Piano 

Concerto No 2) 

8.10 Tne Dentist and the 
Dancing Master: 
theatrical reminiscences, 
with Joe Mefia as Joseph 

830 Concerr part Two. 

Prokofiev (Symphony No 
2 ) 

9.10 Beckett at 80: Ronald 
Pickup m the first 
broadcast of A Piece of 

925 Anthony Payne: 

Concerto for Orchestra. 
1974; and String Quartet, 

IQ. 15 The Harlequin Years: 
musical life in Pans in 
1927-8. With Roger Nichols 
(programme No 11). 

11X0 Nocturne: Schubert 
Ameiing.soprano). Reger 
(Nooi/mo, Bne 
romantische Suite).. 
Schumann (Mondnacht 
Fruhlingsnacht. LLederkrais: 
Ameling). Schosnbeig 

(Em Stenc&c^iein). Bran ms 
VolkSkindertiecler. Ameling). 
Busoni (Berceuse 

elegiaque). Mahler (Um 
MiRemacnt. Ruck art 
Lieden Jard van Nes. 

11.57 News 1200 Closedown 



( Radio Z ) 

On medium wave. For VHF 
variations, see Radiol- 
News on the hour lexwpt 
8.00pm). Headlines 5 30am, & 30, 
7.30 and B33. Sports Desks 
1.05pm, 222. 3-02, 4.02,5.05, 5 -B 2 . 
645 imf only). 935, 1 2.05a m. 
4.00am Colin Berry (s) 5.30 Ray 
Moore (s) 730 Derek Jameson (s) 
930 Ken Bruce (s) 11.00 Jimmy 

Vounq plus legal problems 

' »<j by Andrew Phillips (s) 

answered l T • 

1.05pm David Jacobs (s) 2.00 
Gloria hunmford (sj 330 David 
Hamilton (s) 535 John Dunn (S) 
7.00 Hubert Gregg says Thanks 
lor the Memory (s) 730 Friday 
Night is Music Nwht (s) 8.45 ' 

Matt Ross (s) at toe piano 930 The 

Organist Entertains (Nigel 

~ iris Desk 1030 

Ogden) (s) 935 Sports 1 

MarJyn HJI-Smito smgs 1030 
'• i' Cabaret'" 


Kenneth Williams' 

Stuart Hall (Stereo from 
midnight) I.QOem BHI Rermefis 
presents Nigmnee (s) 3XKM.OO 
A Little Nigm Music is) 

( Radio 1 ) 

On medium wave, except for 
VKF varations. 

News cn tne heti hour from 
6.30am until 9.30pm and at 12.00 

6.00am Adrian John 7.30 Mike 
Read 930 Simon Bates 1230pm 

Nawsbeat (Frank Partridge) 
1.00 Paul 

1245 Gary Davies 3.00 Paul Jordan 
530 Newsbear (Frank 
Partridge ) 545 Bruno Brookes 730 
Andy Peebles 10-00-12.00 The 
Friday Rock Show with Tommy 
Vance (si VHF RBdios 1 and 2. 
430am As R a cio 2 10.00pm As 
Radio i. I2.00-4.00am As 
Radio 2. 


630 Newscast 630 MBndwn 7.00 Naws 

Uunrow 630 Music now 9.00 News 939 
Review of me Brnsn Press 9.15 The 
wo nc Toeay 930 Rnanoel hews 940 
Look Arm ad S.*5 A Stem Watt m trie 
Hoxkj Kush t030 News 1041 The Classic 

Albums 10.1 5 Merchant N jvy Programme 
11.00 News 1139 News About Britain 

11.15 In the Mss no mo 1135 A Lenar from 
Northern Ireland 1130 Mantuan 1230 

Radio Newsrael12.l 5 Jazz tor the Asking 
n 139 

1246 Soona Roundup 130 News 

1.30 Jonn Peal 230 

Twnety-fcur Hours 
News 231 Outlook 245 Letterbox 330 
Radio Newsreel XI 5 Aspects of Love 4.00 
News 439 Commentary 4.15 Science m 
Action 645 Sports Roundup 7.45 About 
Britain 630 News 939 Twenty -four 
Hours B30 Science in Action 9L0D News 
931 Network UK 9.15 Music Now 94S 
The Hear ot the Day 1033 News 1039 
The world Toeay 1035 A Latter from 
Northern Ireland 1030 Rnendal News 
10.40 ReMectkxid 1045 Sports Roundup 
1130 News H39 Commentary 11.15 

Prom the Weakfies 1130 Opera by 
1X00 News 1239 News 


About Britain 1X15 Radio Newsreel 1X30 
About Britain 1245 Recording of the 
Week 130 News 131 Outlook 133 The 
Classic Albums 14S Letterbox 230 News 
239 Review of the Briasn Press X15 
Network UK 230 Peseta end Pokto 330 
News 339 News About Britain X15 The 
world Today 445 Financial News 4JSS 
Reflections 630 News 539 Twenty-Four 
Hours 546 The World Today. All time* in 


Spomoflo 138*m-139 News or 

News end 

weather SCOTLAND 635M»7Ja R»- 

poftkig Sc otend 740-6.1C 
SoporscatS I 

86 1025 Kt55 Dm 
BeechgnweG&rdan 1056-1135 

Left rtohtarxl centre 113S-1X5Saa»0m- 
c Lawrence and Arabia 1235- 


130 weather NORTHERN WELAM) 
s sport 540-630 

tnskte tester 635-730 Castaway 
ind manor 

ia»s-i 3San> Nows and ■ 

ENGLAND 638pm-730 Regional news 


diets. BteuuakVHHH 
Two Ml D LAfCS WeL NORTH: A ■ 
■Between Two Sees NORTH 

Voyage Between Two Se as NOR T1 
EAST-The Cestto Trials. NORTH- 

WEST: A ffltierswKVIw. SOUTH: Simon 

lOntfs Country Diary. SOUTH-WEST: 

Art Exchange. WEST: Song Of 
Gkxicesws W re. 


1130 Flkit: My Brother Jonathan 

130pm News' 130 Fifty myZ304M 
Suvhral 330-430 Cowmy UP 6-15- 
645 Btockbuetera 630 Cntmnet Report 

635 One week In May 636-730 

Jane's Diary 1030 Prisoner CeflBkx*H 
' "*m: BSiobaaiTJ 


As London ex- 
cepc 935em News 
030 Kidecope 945 Big BW Goes to 
Crime 11 JQ0 Al Bectnc Amusement Ar- 
cade 1130-1130 Cartoon 130pm 
News 130-330 Flkn: Thrt VWtor 500 
Northern Life 630 Extra Time 7JD0 
ABnon Market 730-630 Feu Guy 1032 
MgMina 1230 Mtte Hammer 
I.OOem Three's Company. Closedown. 

CENTRAL As London except 
MF . r* ' 935am Kkacape 945 

Tutsnkhamun 1040 Veda Vaca 
1135 About Britain 1130-1 ZOO Block- 
busters 130pm News 130030 Flhc 
Wedding Night 630 News 645 Fmd a 
Famny 730 Albion Market 730-630 
Kmgit Rider 1030 Central Weekend 
1X00 Fiinc Doomwetth 145am 

TVS A 6 i-^Xlon except 93S«m 
J-iS Ktdscabe 945- 1 1 JO Flm: My 
Brother Jonathan r 30pm News 130 
Fifty Fifty 230-330 Survival 339-430 
Country GP 5.15-545 Btockbusters 
630 Coast to Coast 630-7.00 That's Gar- 
dening! 1030 Prisoner Cel Block H 
1130 rant B ftw bea n f 1.40am Company, 


Kdscape 9.45 World of James Mkto- 
ener 1045 Rocks end Minerals 1133- 
1130 Stress 130p« News 130-630 
Film: Escape to Burma 530 You're The 
Boss 7.00 Albion Market 733-630 

fliptwe 1030 Your Sev 1045 The West 
1.15 Flm: CorvW 

and WestjnmstBr 11. 

Inheritance 1 2.40am Closedown. 


9.45 KidSCBpe 630pm-7. 
SI* 1030-11. IS Bvror. 

except: SL2Sam- 
30 Wales ai 

TSW As London except 935em 
Kidseape X45 Smoke on Go 
1X«0 Cafitomn Highways 1 135- 
1130 About Britain 130pm News 130- 

330 Fern: They Came From Outer 
336-430 Yi 

| Doctors 515- 

Spdce ; 

545 Btockbusters 633 Today South 
Wes; 638 What's Ahead 738-730 Ataon 
Market 1032 Gardens tar All 1130 V 
1 2.45am PostsenpL Closedown. 


Thng 930 Netscape 845 Nktoobn 
fee* alby IJ.00-1130 Alan and Jewry 
130pm News 130 Love Stare 230- 
630 Harvest Jazz 5.1 5545 Btocttwsi- 
are 630 North Tortight 730 Albion 
Market 738430 Hart to Her* 1030 
Crossfire 1 1.00 FVm: Scant of 
Dracula 1240am News. Closedown. 

border fiffiassu 


FBm: Wambling Free 1130 

Xl_5 1 135-11 30 Cenoon 130pm Fane 
One Jump Ahead 245-330 Water 
Garden 330-430 Young Doctors 630 
UxAsrom) 630 Take the High 
Road 730-730 Albion Marlon 130 FBm: 
Leather Boys 1230am Closedown. 

GRANADA As London®*. 
UHHPIHUH cepe 9J5em Grenada 

Reports 930 Kid scape 945 Sped ol 
Derail II " ' 

. 1 035 Captam Scarlet 11 30 Man 
and Jenny 1135 About Britain 1135- 
1X00 Granada Reports l23Qpm-f30 
Survival 130 Granada Reports 230- 
330 Hotel 830430 Young Doctors £30 

Granada Reports 630 Moumtrap 
7.00 Albion Market 730-830 T j | 


1030 This England 1130 V f23Dam 
QbSKi'S 1 J 

Live at wagbski s 130 Closedown. 

CJf* Stars: 130pm Countdown 
322* 1 30 PaM»Bity 230 Storl Sbn 
X15 Within the Corel Wat 3.15 Film: 

Road to Singapore 445 Dan Dreed 530 
Chart Show 6.15 Revid 630 SoM 

Soul 730 NowyddionSaith 730 Taro 

Tam 830 Y Byd sr Bodwar 930 Pa4 
'Mben 9.15 Kate and Alls 945 FBm: Fel- 
low Travekers 11 36 Down Home 
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35vip t 

England broken on 
Kingston pitch 

From John Woodcock. Cricket Correspondent, Sc John's, Antigua 

England have had their bad 
tours before, but few. if any, so 
devoid of redeeming features as 
the one to the West Indies 
which has just ended. From 
start to finish the party showed 
no real signs of coming to terms 
with the problems they encoun- 
tered. “A demoralizing experi- 
ence on and off the field," was 
Gower's way of putting it 

For anyone new to touring it 
will have come as a nasty shock. 
Take Greg Thomas for example 
- a keen, willing and promising 
young cricketer who must have 
been looking forward to the 
experience of a lifetime. Thrilled 
to be chosen, he was joining a 
side which had just triumphed 
over Australia. What a privilege 
that would be, he must have 

But what did be find? He 
found a lack of zest a weari- 
some air, no consistency of 
selection, no strong unifying 
influence, no inspiration where 
he must have looked for it no 
huge effort to put things right 
no one who thought he could 
bat sometimes no one even to 
have a net with. It was not the 
losing that mattered, disap- 
pointing though that was. More 
disconcerting by for was the font 
that England gave themselves 
nothing like thor best chance of 
doing well 

No centuries 

To have pul the West Indies 
under pressure it was necessary 
to run quickly' into form with 
the bau which seemed a reason- 
able expectation after all the 
runs England had made against 
India and Australia. Instead, 
historians will look back at the 
batting figures for the tour and 
wonder what can possibly have 

gone wrong. Of the 200 or so 
first-class innings played by 
those chosen for their batting (I 
have included Botham in this) 
the highest was Gower’s 90 in 
the Iasi Test match. A couple of 
tours ago. in 1973-74. Mike 
Denness’sade made 1 S individ- 
ual hundreds; Peter May's in 
1959-60 made 20. 

There can never have been a 
majortour. certainly by England 
or M<X conceivably by any 
country, when a visiting side has 
scored so few runs, let alone one 
boasting 46 Test hundreds be- 
tween them. Only Gatting aver- 
aged over 30 and be missed four 
of the five Test matches. Robin- 
son. Slack and Willey could do 
nobenerfoan 19. Gooch. Smith 
and Botham were all under 24. 
Yet traditionally West Indies is 
the place to come for a batting 
holiday- What was it that made 
it all so very different this time? 

Tostart with, the pitches were 
quite unlike anything seen here 
before, at any rate by England. 
Those for two of the first three 
matches would have done any 
batsman’s confidence more 
harm than good A rogue pitch 
followed for the first Test in 

The West Indians think we 
made too much of the uneven 
bounce, though except in Anti- 
gua they, too. seldom scored 
finely. A former Test player 
from Barbados was in no doubt 
that on present West Indian 
pitches foe three W s - Walcott, 
Weekes and Worrell - could 
never have been spawned Only 
four hundreds were made 
against England, a figure which 
is also normally much higher. 

There was undoubtedly a 
shortage of good practice facili- 
ties. and foe West Indian fast 
bowling, even on the feather 
beds of okL would have been 

the new AA 

In car maintenance, what do the initials 
P.QWER. stand For? 

Travelling East on the M4, which junction do 
you want for Bridgend? 

Where can AA Members buy new tyres and 
batteries at generous discounts? 

The BAB is the EEC's standard measure of tyre 
pressure. Convert 1.66 BAR to p.s.L 

Excess fuel causes your engine to turn over but 
not start. What should you do? 

•ajMbuusD tvnossu anoA jo hoonoow 

NO3ai^a5 3aiSdVC»W8O3!liNa0W 


SQAA =niW M 3 Li I "TVW Ml ‘CaiAllMnn mniai S 

immensely formidable. Then 
there were the political over- 
tones which so upset Gooch and 
may have had an insidious 
effect on the team as a whole. 

With such reasons as these it 
was bound to be a difficult tour, 
even before the loss of Gatting, 
the only batsman involved at 
the time. As a driving force 
behind Gower, as well as for his 
batting. Gatting was greatly 
missel The immediate future 
of English cricket lies in the 
hands of these two, whichever is 
captain and whichever the num- 
ber two. 

Basics neglected 

It was foe way England faced 
their problems, or foiled to, that 
was so disheartening. They 
yielded to the lack of decent 
nets, rather than moving heaven 
and earth to find something 
better. Three weeks in the 
middle of the tour passed in 
which the fastest bowler Smith 
faced at practice was Slack. It 
would have been no surprise if 
the bowling machine, endlessly 
loaded by Willis and nothing 
like the real thing, had packed in 
as well Although England need- 
ed to train and work at their 
game much the harder of the 
two sides, it was foe West 
Indians who did so. 

While Gower sauntered, 
Richards sweated. After play 
one day in foe Barbados Test 
match Richards came out on to 
the net pitches and batted for 20 
minutes, When I arrived at the 
ground next morning he was 
there again. He ran much the 
tighter ship - and he was big 
enough to apologize to the 
umpire here cm Wednesday 
evening for the fuss he had 
made about changing foe balls 
in England’s first innings. So the 
weeks went by without the basic 
things being done any better. 

Length and line were too 
often neglected, though they are 
forever a constant help in 
trouble. This suggested not only 
that things were not being done, 
but that they were not being 
property thought about It was 
also an indictment on foe 
current standard of English 
bowling. There were times when 
Trevor Bailey ranked fourth 
among the faster men on tour, 
this winter be would have been 
far and away the shrewdest and 
the best. Watching England 

spray the ball around in helpful 
conditions in Barbados was 
almost more than be could bear. 


But full credit to the West 
Indians for another devastating 
performance. Goodness knows 
when they will be beaten at 
home again, anyway until they j 
have to look to their next, 
generation of players. While the 
batting seems more solid than it i 
did a year ago. their bowlers are 
not only very fast, they are very, 
very good. 

After a while, too, they 
bowled less horribly short than 
they had at foe start. Even so, 
the idea of extending the one- 
day rules for short-pitched bowl- 
ing into the first-class game 
needs serious consideration. 

The only England sde that 1 
have travelled with which might 
have beaten foe West Indians at 
their present game was Hutton's 
to Australia in 1954-55, simply 
because Tyson. Statham. Load- 
er and Bafey, not 10 mention 
Bedser, might have been a 
match for the West Indian 
quartet. Even with the Almighty 
as captain and the best coach m 
the world and Richards 10 bat j 
for them England would have j 
lost with the ride they had 

Now, for some normal cricket 


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Man a* the match I V A Rkberia 
Man rim e etna; MO Maria* 

©Garfo le Roux, the Sussex 
fast bowler, may make foe 
coming season his last in 
county cricket. Le Roux, aged 
30. who was married in Febru- 
ary. said yesterday that his 
future in county cricket de- 
pended on how well his wife 
settled during foe season. 



Only Gower's belief in him can 
have kept Down ton in the Test 
side ahead of French. Until 
now the useful nuts be had 
made had helped to do so, bat 
these dried up and his 
wkketkeeping could make the 
bowling and fielding look no 
better than It was. His best 
moment came when he held a 
fine diving catch offered by 
Richards in the third Test 


After a year of high success 
(943 rams in his first two Test 
series at an average of 62), 
Robinson's Test scores m . 
West Indies made unhappy 
reading — 6, 0, X 43, tt, 5, 12 
and 3. The fact that he was 
bowled no fewer than nine 
HmM and tha*, when not, he 
was usually picked up in fee 
gnHy-slip-wicketkecjier cor- 
don is indicative of an uncor- 
rected flaw against fast 
bowling. He played back and 
away rather than back and 
across; but we have not seen 
foe fast of him. 


Still only 23, Foster may yet 
achieve the consistency to 
become a real Test bowler, but 
he will have to work harder at 
it than be did fa West Indies. 
At the moment he lacks not 
spirit but maturity. It was a 
pity he missed selection for the 
first Test match on a Kingston 
pitch on which be conU have 
done a lot of damage. 


Some bowlers require a lot of 
match practice to reach any- 
thing tike their best form; 
others can do so by foe tight of 
nature. Ellison needed more 
hard work than he got, and 
probably more encourage- 
ment If not a better bowler 
than when he left England, be 
returns a more barite-hard- 
ened batsman. 


- - - - 

Although nmless for several 
weeks and seemingly a 
supernomary. Smith played 
two good innings in the fourth 
Test match. Not many did 
anything bettor. On that form 
six Smiths batting in the first 
six places in foe order would 
have given England a chance: 
but be, too, could have done 
with a more positive lead. 


There was a time when Thom- 
as looked like returning as a 
much improved bowler. If he 
did not, it was because be was 

JOHN WOODCOCK reviews rite performances of 
players and management daring England's disastrous 
tour of the West Indies. The Test senes ended on 
Wednesday In a second success rve S-6- defeat. ... 

never properly lassoed and 
broken in. At times he bowled 
fast enough to put the wind up 
the West Indians, and with 
Marshall, Garner and Hold- 
ing as his fellow bowlers he 
could have done as well as the 
fourth member of such an 
attack as Patterson did. 


Taylor bowled well enough hi 
the few games that he was 
given to have deserved more of 
a chance. He could hardly 
have failed to bowl a more 
consistent lore and length m 
the Test matches, in condi- 
tions that would bare favoured 
him, than Foster, Thomas and 
Botham. A likeable bat possi- 
bly disillusioned member of 
the party, his first-class overs 
cost foe TCCB over £100 each, 
though that was not his fault. 


French may have wondered 
what he was doing on foe tour. 
Although his form behind the 
stumps against Barbados 
(March 14 to 17) was the best 
we saw, he never played again 
or was likely to. But as in India 
fa 1984-85, when similarly 
under-employed, he never lost 
his sense of reason. 


One of tire real triers, Ed- 
monds, would have been more 
upset than most at not getting 
enough cricket, whether fa the 
middle or at practice. To 
advantage he couM have been 
given some administrative role 
at foe practices. They might 
then have had a more purpose- 
ful and imaginative lo<& to 


There is something splendidly 
old-fashioned about Willey. 
He believes fa setf -discipline 
and would never be seat lying 
for too long in the sun or 
shirtring. He is a real profes- 
sional. To have made 71, the 
top score ob either side, on foe 
brutish pitch at Sabina Park 
in foe first Test match, was 
something any batsman would 
have been proud to do. 


If anyone had a good tour, 
perhaps it was Eraberey. Six 
times in succession he dis- 
missed Richardson, foe West 
Indian No. 3 and their second 
highest scorer, and except 
when Richards went on foe 
rampage no batsman collared 
him. He is at his best sow as 

an off spinner — not a great 
bowler perhaps, but a very 
good one. 



As the most confid en t and 
forthright character of fobsefa 
»foority,-and the most resa- 
ient of tire batsmen, Ga ttmg’s 
lost on tire eve of tire first Test 

match took a fat of tire staffing 
out of the The Gatting 
spirit is what sides playing 

against West Indies need. Fit, 

he would have made the best 
captain. ; 



Gower’s laid-back style of 
captaincy was not best suited 
to fflp fctinff tire most formida- 
ble task in modern cricket 
There was never the sound of a 
cracking whip, fooggh it was 
often seeded. However, his 90 
hi foe fast Test match, made 
with a damaged hand,' was an 
innings of much courage, and 
no one bo either side timed his 
best shots better. 


It must be hard to be Botham. 
He does not help himse&and 
if he was not the life ami soul 
of tire party, as he normally is, 
that was partly because of foe 
vultures of the media who teak, 
for his every crff-foe-field mis- 
take. I should like to think 
that there is nuthfag wrong 
that a weekend with -his guru; 
Mike Breartey, would not put 
right, but I am not so sure 


The prire for the best fielder in 
foe team wfll go to foe ever- 
cfaeerfel Lamb. He was popu- 
lar with the crowd, to whom be 
was just a cricketer and not a 
South African. But he will 
have to look oat, for his top 
score fa his last 25 Test 
innings is only 67, and that is 
not good enough for England's 
No. 5. 

JffK.-. ^ 

• - 

l " 


Although a fate arrival Slack 
(above) was preferred to Rob- 
inson as one of foe opening 
haftniieH hy foe end of tire tour. 
a « d he had the satisfaction of 
sharing with Gooch fa A ntigua 

ship inju^match. His vesaaea 
of his winter’s cricket fa Sri 
Lanka and West Indies, and • 
why Extend had such a 
straggle re both, might give 
the TCCB a helpful hour or .. 
two if they wdd draw it out iff 9 



For many reasons the manag- 
er, . Brown (seated centre), 
found tire tonr much harder 
than the previous winter's to 
ladfa. Tire presence fa the 
party of WOfis and Botham, 
with over 700 Test wickets 
between them, inhibited ban 
from makin g the constructive 
comributroa to cricketing mat- 
ters that be might have done. 

A man of Stirling qualities, be 
wiB probably ire glad to be 

, — ■ ■ ■ - - 


The record of Wflfis (seated 
right) as a tonring captain 
should have warned against 
his appointment, so soon after 
retirement, as assistant man- 
ager to his contemporaries. 
Anyway, his merit as a player, 
was as a fast howto* for 
England of immense deternu- 
natiou and achievement, not as 
a coach, communicator, moti- 
vator or cricket sage. 


If Gooch could live the fast six 
months over again he would 
probably decline the invitation 
for the tonr. He so brooded 
upon his grievances with foe 
Foreign Minister of Antigua 
and was such a target of abuse 
by the anti-apartheid people 
that it came to affect his game 
(except during his 129 not out 
fa the second one-day interna- 
tional) and to bother tire other 



i NO Run 

HS Aw ga 

IT Botham 5 10 0 168 38 16.80 

PR Downton 5 10 1 91 26 10.11 

PH Edmonds 3 6 2 36 30 9.00 

R M Bfison 3 6 0 82 36 13.66 

J E Emburey 4 8 2 64 35* 10.66 

NAFoster 3 6 1 24 14 4.80 

B N French — — - - — — — 

M W Gatting 12 0 16 IS 8.00 

G A Gooch S 10 0 276 53 27.60 

O I Gower S 10 0 370 90 37.00 

A J Lamb 5 10 0 224 62 22.40 

BT Robinson 4 8 0 72 43 9.00 

WNSIacK 2 4 0 62 52 15.S0 

D M Smith 2 4 0 80 47 20.00 

L B Taytor — - - - — — — 

J G Thomas 4 8 4 45 31' 1155 

P Wlflay 4 8 0 136 71 17.00 


O M R W Avge BB 

I T Botham ...... 134.5 16 53S 11 48.63 5-71 

P H Edmonds 925 16 260 3 B6.66 2-98 

R M EVson 82.3 19 294 7 42.00 5-78 

J E Emburey 153 34 448 14 32.00 5-78 

NAFoster 83.5 8 285 7 40.71 3-76 

G A Gooch 7 3 27 1 27.00 1-21 

A J Lamb 0.0 0 1 O 

J G Thomas 86 13 364 8 45.50 4-70 

P Willey 4 0 15 1 15.00 1-15 


M i NO Runs MS Avge 
O l Gower 4 4 0 29 20 7.25 

M w Gatting 1 

I T Botham 3 

P R Downton 4 

P H Edmonds 1 

RMBItson 2 

J E Emburey 4 

NA Foster 4 

BN Ranch 

G A Gooch 4 

A J Lamb — 4 

R T Robinson 3 

VI N Slack 2 

D M South 1 

L B Taytor 1 

J G Thomas 2 

P Wttley 4 







— 3 6 • 









p R Downton 

..... 3 6 









P H Edmonds .... 

™4 6 









R M &hson 

■ — 3 5 









J E Emburey — 

.... 3 4 









N A Foster 

-... 4 6 









B N Frencb 

2 3 

0 . 








G A Goocn U. 

4 8 









A J Lamo 










R T Roomson ■ — 5 10 









W N Stock 

.... 2 4 









D M Smith 

3 6 









LB Taytor 

....4 6 





— * 




JG Thomas 

-—2 4 














P WWey . ... ^36 0 




C G Qroentdge — 

H A Gomes — 


C A Best 

P JOujon 

J Gamer 

B P Patterson 

TRO Payne ^ — 
C A Wateh 








31- 1125 
71 17.00 


O I Gower 02 

IT Botham 22 

PH Edmonds 10 

R M EWrson 15 _ 

J E Emburey 37 7 153 3 51.00 2-S5 

NAFoster 35 3 152 6 2523 3-39 

G A Gooch 8 3 41 1 41.00 14) 

L B Taytor 7 2 17 0 - - 

J G Thomas 15 2 85 1 85.00 1-35 

P Wiley 15.5 OKI 65.00 1-25 


M I NO Rum NS Avge 

D) Gower 3 6 O 77 43 12JJ3 

M W Gatting 4 7 O 301 80 43.00 

Avge BB 

40S6 2-SS 


MW Gaffing 3 

) T Botham 46 

P H Edmonds _ 141.1 

R M EHtoon 80 

J E Emburey 862 

N A Foster 96.4 

G A Gooch 10 

L B Taytor S3 3 

J G Thomas 49 

P Wffley 77.4 

10 138 
27 330 
12 219 
22 200 
25 298 
3 29 

17 259 
6 183 

Avge BB 

15.00 1-15 

34.00 2-28 

22.00 4-38 
1990 3-36 
2837 351 
18.62 5-54 

19.92 3-27 
30.50 354 

21.00 2-38 


— O 



.... 38 









— 33 












— 1 






WStey 77.4 17 147 7 21.00 2-38 

M I NO toms HS Avge 

□ L Haynes _.’5 

tVARfchartts 5 

R B Richardson 5 

R A Harper 2 

M D Marshall 5 

460 131 7B.18 

331 110* 6820 
387 160 6528 
100 60 50.00 

1S3 76 38.25 

Rivals at full strength for desert showpiece 

Shaijah, United .Arab Emir- 
ates (Reuter) - India, the 
World Cup holders, and their 
traditional rivals. Pakistan, 

will be at fall strength when 
they meet today tor the richest 
prize in crickeL Tbe winning 
side in the inaugural five- 
nation Australasia Cup tour- 
nament will receive $40,000 

tfl, L-i . i > 

(£26.000) and the runners-up 

A full house of 20,000 is 
expected for the final at the 

$1Q million Sharjah stadium, 
built by the local business- 
man. Abdul Rahman 
Bukhaur, to introduce cricket 
to the desert sheikhdom after 
he teamed to play in Pakistan. 

India, a successful one-day 
side, are likely to make one 
change to the team that strug- 
elcd to beat New Zealand and 

Sri Lanka on the way to the 
final. Venesarkar, a batsman 
dropped Tor the first two 
matches to accommodate the 
big-hilting PatiL, will probably 
be recalled. 

Pakistan, with their captain England’s first Texaco Tm. m -tv*— la" „ 

and fast bowler, Imran, fully phy one-day international ayoung all- 

recovered from a calf muscle match a&Si fadfaiTSi ** 

iniurv_ are certain to stick to Oval on Mn„ Queensland, is tq.join Essex 

Sell-out at the Oval 

rrrvPT, m ' i > >r> ■ r< » • r- ■ 


As a former physiotherapist 
with Manchester United Foot- « 
ball Club, Laurie Brown ^ 
(standing right) might have 
expected a higher standard of . 

he found. His was an impor- 
tant job and he had a difficult 
nun to follow in Bernard 
Thomas; but he is said to hate 
“a good pair of hands” and bis 
medicine chest was always 
open to the Press. 

58 36.15 
56 31.83 
73 WHO 
35 25.00 
54 -21.25 
24 13.00 
9 6.00 

5 5.00 

-3 3jOQ 

O M R W Avge BB 

R A Harper . 38 15 55 4 13.75 3-10 

----- 158.1 30 436 27 16.14 4-43 

MpMarenaH - 1692 36 482 27 17.85 4-38 

CA Warsfi 33 6 103 6 20-60 474 

8 f^Paitereon . 118.1 IS 426 19 22.42 4-30 

■■ 10 24 16 .385 16 2AM 347 

I V A Rtcfiards 20 7 29 0 — - 

R B Rtcharason 1 Q g n. _ _ 

H A Gomes 1 t 0 0 - — 


v Tahagaat Port of Spain 

* 5-71 w *** n<fie8 ^ 401 Test mateh ^ ** 

B 5-78 v West lnaie8 1s * Test metach at 

J 5-78 V Tea maa* at Port 

^ hundreds 

G ,A Qooch . 129* v West Ultima 2nd om-dav 
international at Port of Spain ■ “"-war 

the tram foal outclassed New Surrey Couhty Cricket Huh RhinT^Tr 1311 
Zealand in the remi-finaU, nSwd TmSStmS SStiSSSJtl % 

Imrimre^wbedravvnon tickeu have been s^Jd more 
the outcome. One-day games than five weeks before- tbe MacfevlUIna^ S* 

a*™* SfSBtUOT; 

saio. laKen over ti 30,000. wifo foe county this weekend