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• London police have arrested Netar 
Hindawi, the mao sought in connection 
with Thursday's attempted planting of a 
time-bomb on an El Ai Hi 


• Lord Carver, former Chief of the 
Defence Staff, accused Mrs Thatcher of 
giving way to near blackmail in allowing 
British basest© be used for the raid 

• Sir Geoffrey Howe claimed that there 
was* Libyan fbik in the kidnapping of 
two British hostages killed in Lebanon 

f Three tboasand silent mourners, and . 

I : £: the world press, watched the funeral of 
£ | < ’*the victims of the US raid on Tripoli 

** By Stewart Ten<Ber,Crinie Reporter ' . 

Arab ing information - about the Marble Arch, where he was 
tempted bombing. 

As detectives la Ike 

■ K. lU,,. 

Nezar Hindawi, the 
wanted .by police after an 
attempt to plant a time-bomb 
00 U B Al flight from 
Heathrow airport oh Thurs- 
day, was arrested last night at 
a west London hotel by offi- 
cers from Scotland Yard's 
anti-terrorist branch. 

His identity and description 
were issued by police on 
Thursday hours after a time- 
bomb was found in the lug- 
gage of his Irish girlfriend as 
she was about to board a flight 
to Tel Aviv. 

The Boeing 747 was carry- 
ing more than 400 passengers 
and crew who would have 
died if ihebombhas exploded. 

Yesterday police were still 
questioning Miss Ann-Marie 
Doreen Murphy, the 
girlfriend, but they did not 
expect to charge her. 

Miss Morphy, aged 32, from 
just outside Dublin, is more 
than five months' pregnant, 
and it is believed that she was 
going to land to get married. 

The bomb was found in a 
folk bottom of the holdall, 
which contained men's cloth- 
ing andpersonal effects. 

An El Al security officer 
found the bomb at 9.1 Sam. 
The flight had been due to 
| leave London 25 minutes 

The device was described 
yesterday as sophisticated. 
Toe high explosive is thought 
to be foreign in origin. 

Throughout yesterday Scot- 
land Yard detedives assessed 


As detectives talked to Miss 
Murphy, who is expected to be 
released today, they discov- 
ered that she had known Mr 
Hindawi for about a year. She 
works as hotel cleaner at the 
Hilton on Park Lane. He has 
been a frequent visitor to 
Britain in the past year. 

He has two brothers in 
Britain, but they have few 
contacts with him. ■ 

He last arrived in London at 
the weekend, checking into 

later qrrcsted 

Coop hopes 


Tourist fears 


UN debate 




Lords debate 


the Palace Hotel near Marble 
Arch. He made contact with 
Miss Murphy, who shares a 
flat in .KiFburn, and the two ' 
arranged to fly to IsraeL 

On Thursday morning be 
left his hotel by taxi , and 
picked up Miss Mmphy. They 
made their way to Heath rows 
terminal one, where they 
parted. ' 

A description wai circulated 
to police while the Boeing was 
still on the ground at 
Heathrow, and a photograph 
wasteter issued. . - 
•' . Infect, Mr Hindawi appears 
simply to have moved hotel 
checking into a small west 
London hotel in Nottihg Htfl 

Finally shocked: Miss 
Murphy‘S family in the Irish 
Republic 'discovered that she 
bad been arrested when they 
watched television news bulle- 
tins on Thursday night (Rich- 
ard Ford writes from Dublin). 

She bad gone to London in 
search of work after being 
unemployed for- several 
months and met her Arab 
boyfriend about 14 . months 
ago. \ 

Miss Murphy told het sister 
this week of their weeding 
plans, but yesterday at .the 
family home in Saltynoggin 
Park, Dun Laoghaire, Co 
Dublin, her mother and father 
were in a state of shock,: 
insisting that they believed her 
to be innocent. 

Although his daughter had 
been borne at Easter. Mr 
William Murphy learnt of her 
pregnancy and wedding plans 
a week ago. “I did -not know 
she was going out with the 
fellow. We are totally shocked 
by the whole thing." 

Mrs Kathleen Murphy said: 
“I knew she was pregnant and 
we were told she was getting 
married to this boy in Israel 
on Saturday. He was going to 
phone from Israel after their 
wedding to talk to the family 
in Dublin.” 

Mrs Murphy sakfc*“She has 
been going out with this man 
for 14 months, but she never 

EzygSg ffiSE ' 

Jordanian NUJ send 



its dead 

From Robert Fisk 

Tbev buried Rafaat ai- 
Ghussebi yesterday on a sandy 

little bill in d-Haai Cemetery’. 

a Lebanese flag tied to one end 
of her coffin lid, and a Pales- 
tinian to the other. She was 18, 
a student in K en s i n g ton, on 

holiday from Loudon, when 

she died in her bed in 
Tuesday's air rahL 
It was the cedar tree on the 
Lebanese flag that made her 
coffin stand out from the 18 
other wooden boxes around 
here, all covered in green 
cloth, all with their occupants' 
names scribbled in red crayon 
on the bottom. 

There was a naval officer, 
four children, a man in his 
sixties, several women and a 
score or so of young men. Five 
of the dead had been Rabat's 
neighbours In the Bin Ashur 
district of Tripoli 
The 3,000 mourners, all 
men, were on their feces in the 
dusty square, in front of the 
boxes, staring al the sky, then 
bending to the groemd. 

“God is greater, God hi 
greater" they kept repeating, 
and somehow — perhaps be- 
cause of the vehemence and 
precision with which it was 
said — die chant sounded more 
moving. There were soldiers 
f>wt old men and boy scoots 
-among the mourners, and two 
small boys -» one with a vivid 
purple scar on his face — were 
dangled over their father's 

Someone had pat green 
headhands around their fore- 
heads and an node persuaded 
them — there above the coffin 

— to give a tired uncompre- 
hending victory salute. 

But this was no Gadaffi 
pageant. Libyan television 
happily filmed the world's 
press watching the fhneral of 
American air raid victims bat 
these mourners were in ear- 
nest, eyes screwed up in 
prayer, responses articulate 
and in time, Libyans sharing a 
common grief. 

Hie oniy~nian to sfesf his 
foyr turned te a' cejrsgptot dent 
and screftm<.d: < Mrr. Thatcher 

- we w01 kill her." Bat he was 
told to be qmet “Anyone who 

. .W id , tnifav " A 

T . . u __ #h _ r ».j n . navid Gower, the England cricket captain, defending his team's 
T ^e§orfo ot their return from the West Indies yesterday. (Photograph: Tim Bishop), 

Interest rates cut 
to 10,5% as 
inflation slides 

By David Smith & Lawrence Lever 

From the 
Poet Laureate 
to bis Queen 

Ted Hughes presents 
The Crown of the 
Kingdom, subtitled 
‘A Celebratory 
Pageant For The 
Sixtieth Birthday 
Of Her Majesty 
Queen Elizabeth IF 

^ .1 fires a shot is a traitor," a 

GVmHDfflV government official shonted to 

the aimed militia men on the 

to Gadaffi 

• There is £8,000 to 
be won in The Times 
weekly competition to- 
day as wen as the 
daily prize of £4,000. 

• Total prize money 
available each week is 

• Two readers 
shared yesterday s 
£4,000 daily prize - 
details, page 3 


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you will need the 
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• If you have any aif- 

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details of where to 

apply appear on page * 

• Portfolio fists, 
pages 20 and 34; rules 

and how to play, 
page 33. 

By Bkinxd Dowdea 

Mr Nezar Narwaf Masseur 
Hindawi the man who alleg- . 
edly used his girlfriend to try 
to plant a bomb on the B Al 
jumbo jet at Heathrow on 
Thursday, comes from a. wdl- 
known Jordanian family. 

He seems to have used his 
real name when, he courted 
Miss Anne-Marie Murphy, his 
Irish girlfriend. 

One report said foal he had 
a Polish wife, but police, 
sources said that they could 
not confirm this. 

Mr Hindawi who is aged 
about 35, came to Britain 

about five years ago and at one 
time worked for Al-Arah, an 
Arabic daily newspaper based 
in Acre Lane, Clapham, south 
London. Mr Mohammed 
Kabarday, the editor, said 
yesterday that he had given 
him a job as a copy messenger 
on three months’ probation in 
1982 but had dismissed him 
after two months. 

“He comes from a very 
good family, from Nowema in 
the north of the country. Two 
of his uncles were Cabinet 
ministers in the 1960s and 

Continued on page 20, col 3 

By Michael Horsnell 

The National Union of 
Journalists yesterday voted to 
send a telegram of condolence 
to Colonel Gadaffi over the 
American bombing of Ubya - 
only hours after one of its own 
members was feared mur- 
dered by terrorists in Beirut. 

Left-wing delegates at the 
NUJ"s annual delegate confer- 
ence in Sheffield backed by a 
heavy majority a call by an 
Iraqi : journalist to send a 
message of condolence. 

The 300 delegates ignored 
appeals by moderates that the 
move would be considered 
grotesque and applauded Mr 
Sabah Jawad, believed to 
work for the official Libyan 
news agency Jana in London, 
who called for condemnation 
of the attack. 

Bui Mr Bernard Workman, 
a Daily Express delegate, 
asked: “When WPC Yvonne 
Fletcher died two years ago in 
St James’s Square with a 
Libyan bullet in her back, did 
Libyan journalists send mes- 
sages or condolence to the 

government of this country or 

to the family of Yvonne 

cemetery walL 

Mrs al-Ghnssein, who is 
Lebanese, and married to a 
Palestinian, spoke with a kind 
of dry eloquence. “Rafaat used 
to be at Maty Mount College 
in London," she said. “The 
nuns there telephoned me to 
teQ me they will say two 
masses for her, we are Mus- 
lims but we have me go4§We 
are one people. I hope Mr 
Reiman understands that 

“Raffat was a student at 
Hatberiey College in Kenstog- 
toa and came here on holiday. 
She was sleeping in my room 
and my husband was sleeping 
with our younger daughter 
gfnrfa- When I heard the 
planes on Tuesday, I ran to 
wake my husband. 1 left Raffet 
in her room and then the bomb 
hit the house. My daughter, 
my angel died when the wall 
fell on her." 

The funeral served a propa- 
ganda purpose, of course, and 
the dead are not all being 
buried at me time — to soften 
the blow of the raids, one 
official said. 

But there was a quiet rage 
among relatives at the ceme- 
tery wall yesterday, ami one 
left with the distinct feeling 
rfaar the reaction to this partic- 
ular grief is going to be felt 
violently - and very soon. 

The high street banks cut 
base rates from 1 1 to 10.5 per 
'Cent yesterday, after the an- 
nouncement of a sharp fell in 
the inflation rate. 

The building societies will 
follow next week with mort- 
gage rale reductions of up to a 
pamt'from the present F2 per 
cer.i. ■ 

Barclays led the round of 
base rate cuts after the an- 
nouncement that inflation fell 
from 5.1 percent in Febmary 
to 4.2 per cent last month. 
This is the lowest rate for 
more than 2% years. 

The index of retail prices 
rose to 381 .6 (January 1 974 = 
100) last month, from 381.1 in 

Inflation is expected to fall 
sharply again this month. 
Department of Employment 
officials said, probably to 
about 3.2 per cent. In May. 
lower mortgage rates should 
push the rate below 3 per cent, 
last seen in the 1960s. 

Inflation is falling mainly 
because of the large monthly 
increases of a year ago. How- 
ever. lower petrol prices and 
the move to cheaper money is 
adding to this effect. 

Fresh vegetable prices rose 
by 3.7 per cent, but the 
monthly increase in the retail 
prices index was 0.1 per cent, 
compared with 1 per cent tn 
March last year. 

Barclays announced us half- 
point base rate cut a few 
minutes after the inflation 
figures were released. Its move 
was endorsed by the Bank of 
England, which announced a 
reduction in its dealing rates, 
and the other high street banks 
then reduced their base rates. 

The big building societies 
reacted to the cut in bank base 
rates by signalling that a 
reduction in mortgage rates of 
at least half a point and 
possibly a full point would be 
announced early next week. 

MrCalum Macaskill, depu- 
ty cnief genera! manager ofthe 
Halifax Building Society, the 
largest in the country, said 
yesterday it was likely to bring 
its rates down a full 1 per cent, 
from 12 to 11 per cent 

A reduction of 1 percent in 
mortgage rates would mean a 
reduction of £17.75 in monih- 

Gas prices are going up by 1.7 
per cent from May 1 bat the 
fell in oil prices could result in 
a future modest redaction, 
British Gas hs announced 
yesterday. The increase, 25 
per cent below the current rate 
of inflation, will cost the 
average domestic consumer an 
extra 3Vip a week. 

ly repayments on a £30,000. 
25-year, endowment mort- 
gage- For a corresponding 
repayment mortgage the re- 
duction would be £14.25 a 

Mr John Bayiiss. General 
Manager of the Abbey Nation- 
al building society. Britain's 
second largest, said that the 
society would definitely an- 
nounce a mortgage rate reduc- 
tion of at least three-quarters 
of a percentage point late on 

The National & Provincial 
building society said that it 
would cut rates by ihree- 
quarters of a point at the 
earliest opportunity. 

falls to 

By Jeremy Warner 

Guinness yesterday won 
control of Distillers, the 
Johnnie Walker whisky and 
Gordon's gin drinks group, 
after an epic four-and-a-half 
month takeover battle with 
the supermarkets group Ar 
gyll. The contest was charac- 
terized by a degree of 
bitterness and acrimonv not 
witnessed In the City for a 

The fight ended shortly 
before 1 pm when the brewer 
declared its recommended 
£17 billion bid unconditional, 
having gained control of 50.78 
percent of Distillers’ shares. 

Guinness's victory is a blow 
to Mr James Gulliver, Argyll's 
chairman, who had been pre- 
paring his campaign against 
Distillers for more than eight 
months and billed, himself as 
the man capable of reviving 
the drinks group's declining 

Argyll, which has been built 
up through a series of hectic 
acquisitions over the last six 
vears into one of Britain’s 
ieading food retailers, has 
spent more than £50 million 
in fighting the takeover battle. 

However, this sum will be 

Continued on page 20, col 8 

Joseph hs 



By Luo Hodges 
Education Correspondent 

Sir Keith Joseph, Secretary 
of State for Education and 
Science. » likely W >* «** 
next month that three or four 
universities will have to dose 
if the system continues to 
suffer a cash cut of 15 per cent 
a vear in real terms. 

The warning is expected 
from Sir Peter Swtnnerton- 
Dyer, chairman of the Univer- 
sity Grants Committee, in his 
advice to Sir Keith on the 
fikelv results of government 
spending plans for the aca- 
demic year 1987-88. 

Sir Peter believes that the 
way to implement those plans 
is not to impose cuts ou all or 
some universities, as was done 
in 1981 but to axe whole 
institutions. It is understood 
that the committee thinks that 
three or four universities 
would have to go, but Sir Peter 
is not expected to name them. 

Hull might be a candidate 
because of financial difficul- 
ties and Keele because of its 
small size, liberal arts bias, 
and recent foiled merger with 
the local polytechnic. Essex 
has still not recovered from its 
rebellions student image of the 
late 1960s and Stirling is 
vulnerable became nf its quali- 
ty, though it would probably 
be saved by Scottish politi- 
cians. The City University in 
London is also small and is 
resisting a merger with a local 

Ministers are expected to 
agree to give universities more 
monev to prevent closures. 
The committee is likely to get 
an increase of about £20 mil- 
lion in its current funding of 
£1.5 billion a year. Ministers 
are concerned that they should 
not receive further bad publici- 
ty on education in the run-up 
to a general election. 

The university system is 
being squeezed by about 
L5 per cent a year because it 
does not get enough money to 
cover inflation. Tt is thought 
that Sir Peter believes that 
British universities cannot 
continue to suffer this kind of 
haemorrhage, and it would be 
better to dose some down. 

His advice to Sir Keith is 
expected to be confidential but 
to carry a recommendation 
that it be published. 

But even if the universities 
do get an extra £20m to make 
up at least part of the 1.5 per 
cent shortfall they will stfll 
face financial difficulties, if 
only because of staff safer}’ 
increases. The Government 
has allowed for a 3.5 per rise; 
bat the universities are likely 
to have to offer more to satisfy 
their staff. 

The Government is clearly 
worried abont education 
spending. Mr Ian McGregor, 
Chief Secretary to the Trea- 
sury, told officials last week 
that education was now one of 
the top priorities for ministers 
and the Conservative Party. 
The dear implication is that it 
most not be cut further. 

British victims in Lebanon 

Howe claims Libyan link 

By Rodney Cowton 

Libya was involved in the 
kidnapping of two Britons 
whose bodies were found m 
Lebanon on Thursday, Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
Secretary, said yesterday. 

He was referring to Mr 
Leigh Douglas, aged 34 a 
afessor, and Mr 

oflhe American University or 
Beirut, and who disappeared 
in December 1984. 

A group known as The 
Revolutionary Organization 
of Socialist Muslims, claimed 
that it had hanged Mr Collett. 

at “the senseless outrage" of 
their killing- 

The Voice of Lebanon Ra- 
dio reported yesterday that a 
telephone call from an organi- 
zation known as the Revolu- 
tionary Commando Cells had — ■ — . ... 

claimed that they were respon- and called on other kidnap- 
ubibu *^w-&**** «•— cjwe for the kidnapping on pers to kill any American ana 

university professor, and Mr -r 1 . ure jj a y 0 f the British jour- British hostages, “because the 
Philip Padneld, aged 40, the Mr John McCarthy, Wood of the Americans and 

r - . nuj c raUer had said be had 

been executed after ft was 
discovered that he had been 
spying for the Americans. 

However, World Television 
News, based in London, said 

. Overs 
* ji t main 

T l' v - . 

Home News 2-4 
Overseas 4-7 
Arts , 
Births, deaths, 
marriages 19 
Bridge 17 
Basisess 21-34 
Chess JJ 

Crosswords 17.20 

Dai* § 

Features 8.1 1-t* 
Leaders 9 

Law Report 


manager of an English-fen- 
Miage school in Beirut, both of 
whom had disappeared in 
Muslim-held west Beirut on 
March 28. 

In a statement Sir Geoffrey 
said: “For some time we have 
had firm evidence of Libyan 
involvement in the bd nap- 
ping of Douglas and Padfield, 
and had good reason to be- 
lieve they were in Libyan 

Though the Government 


British is now lawful. 

The fact that the body was 
not that of Mr Collett. as was 
originally believed, seems to 
have been established when it 
was remembered that he had 

J1CVY3, Wrfw — — - . _ 

yesteitlay afternoon mat its only nine fingeis. 
office in Beirut had received American television. 

an anonymous telephone call 
saying that Mr McCarthy was 
alive and well. The car in 
which he was abducted was 
found after the caller said 
where it was. , 

Meanwhile, it was estab* 

Libya's Ambassador-desig- 
nate to the UN, Mr Ali Treiki, 
denied that Libya had been 
involved in the killings. 

“We bad nothing to do with 
them ... We don’t know who 

Though the uovernmeni i. was estab* l“ em ■ • • we aon I ««««»« 

had derided previously not to -the ftM body kidnapped them ... Wt rhave 

S Ld ^ nobody™ Ubanon.nh.Bl, 

cause of the mjt to tneir iivra, w r Douglas and Mr 

it was part of the evidence ^ not that of Mr 

held before *f p J^ n a / r } • A& Collett a British employ- 

I'Libyan involvement instate- ai ^ ^ United Nations 

directed Terrorism. He ex R f awl works Agency, but 

pressed his own “shock. and ^ ^ 

Government’s £&« ^ow 60. »ho worked in ,he itbtnry 

he said. 

Mr Walid Jumbiatt. the 
Druze leader in Lebanon, 
criticized the killings as “a 
crime against every honour- 
able Lebanese and Arab 

20,000 in 
the run for 

By Robin Young 

The biggest most experi- 
enced and oldest field of 

runners the world has seen will 
be pounding the streets of the 
capital tomorrow in the sixth 
Loudon Marathon. 

Nearly 90,000 people ap- 
plied for permission to na. It 
was granted to only 25J71 
Injuries, illness and second 
thoughts may pare the total 
down to about 20.000. 

When the London race was 
first held in 1981 the average 
age was 34- Now it is 383 
years, boosted by such veter- 
ans as Mr Patrick Riley, aged 
i 81. He finished 15,810th last 

The oldest fedy in the race is 
Carla AH aged 72. Two 
thousand competitors wulpe 
coming from overseas- Tie 
Republic of Ireland has 450 
entrants, France 330, the 
United Stales 315, Northern 
Ire bud 220 and Sweden 140. 

These statistics come by 
courtesy of Tandem Comput- 
ers ofTexas, whose analysis of 
finishing times will permit The 
Times on Monday to publish 
exclusively details of all^ those 
who do sneered in finishing 
wfthin three hours. 

The route, page 40 


Botha to 
end pass 
law arrests 

From Michael Hornsby 

From next week there will 
be no more arrests under the 
South .African pass laws which 
control the movements of 
blacks. President Botha said 

* He told Parliament that all 
people in jail for violating 
them would be “released 

At a stroke, the President 
appeared to have removed 
one of the most longstanding 
grievances of South .Africa s 
23 million blacks, and dis- 
mantled one of tite main 
pillars of the apartheid system 
of racial segregation. 

TTic "pass laws’’ prohibit 
blacks from staving for more 
ihan 72 hours in a proscribed 
white area outside the tribal 
reserves, which occupy only 
13 per cent of the country, 
unless they have a permit 
exempting them from this 
restriction stamped in the 
“pass book" they must cam’ 
at all times. 

Last year. 132.397 blacks 
were arrested for pass law 
offences, according to a parlia- 
mentary answer by the Minis- 
ter of Justice. 

This was substantially less 
than in 1984, when 2S8.894 

Continued on page 20, col 7 


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1 1 


Kinnock out to purge 
key Militants after 
winning rules change 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

Mr Neil KJnnock's planned 
puree o Heading Militants was 
back on course last night after 
Labour's national executive 
committee cleared the way for 
the expulsion of Mr Derek 
Hatton and up to 11 other 
supporters of the Trotskyist 
Tendency from Liverpool. 

The Labour leader, who 
won overwhelming backing to 
change the party’s rules and so 
prevent a repeat of the tactics 
which wrecked last month’s 
disciplinary hearings, also 
gained another significant vic- 
tory when the executive re- 
fused to endorse Mr Pat Wall, 
a leading Militant supporter, 
as parliamentary candidate for 
Bradford North. 

The change in rules was 
made necessary after a High 
Court judge banned eight 
executive committee mem- 
bers of the inquiry team into 
Militant from taking part in 
last month's subsequent disci- 
plinary hearings, and seven 
hard left executive members 
walked out of the meeting, 
leaving the executive without 
a quorum. 

Mr Kinnock's proposal to 

make the quorum in future SO 
per cent plus one member of 
those eligible was passed by 1 8 
votes to 4. 

The opposition to the 
change came from four of the 
seven executive members who 
staged last month's walkout 
Mr Eric Heffer, Mr Dennis 
Skinner, Miss Joan Maynard 
and Miss Frances Curran, the 
Young Socialists' representa- 
tive. Mr Eric Clarice, of the 
National Union of 
Mineworkers, and Miss Jo 
Richardson, who also walked 
out last month, abstained. Mr 
Tony Benn did not attend 
yesterday’s meeting. 

Mr Kinnock. overjoyed by 
the support for the rule 
changes, said afterwards; “It 
was a very, very big majority 
for a change which had been 
made necessary by changed 

He said the change enjoyed 
support not only in the execu- 
tive “but throughout the 
whole movement. That has 
been the message that has 
come through since the walk- 
out last month.” 

The reopened disciplinary 

bearings against the 
Merseyside dozen would get 
under way within “a very few 
weeks,” and are likely to last 
for two days. 

Mr Wall, chosen by his local 
constituency party to fight 
Bradford North for the second 
general election running, will 
now have to appear before the 
executive to disavow previous 
remarks made in support of 

During the executive meet- 
ing Mr Kinnock received 
strong backing from Mr David 
BlunketL the Sheffield City 
Council leader, who attacked 

“The credibility of the party 
is at stake and whether the 
party is seen to be subject to 
the tactics of particular group 
outside the NEC who want to 
sec the party ground into the 
dust,” he said. 

Mr Eddie Haigh, of ibe 
Transport and General 
Workers’ Union, who second- 
ed Mr KJnnock's motion, said: 
“We have to come off the 
fence once and for all and deal 
firmly with this unacceptable 
face of British politics.” 

Arms seized after 
‘loyalist’ riots 

From Gavin Bell, Belfast 

The police seized arms, 
ammunition and bomb-mak- 
ing equipment in “loyalist” 
areas of Belfast yesterday after 
a night of rioting and arson 
estimated to have caused 
more than £1 million damage. 

The violence erupted in the 
city and outlying communities 
a few hours after the funeral of 
Keith White, aged 20. the first 
Protestant killed by a police 
iiic bullet. He suffered the 

fatal injury in rioting 

Poradown on Easter 

Despite appeals for calm by 
his father and political leaders, 
youths rampaged through loy- 
alist areas of Belfast and 
Lisburn. Co Down, through- 
out the night, erecting barri- 
cades of burning vehicles and 
attacking police with stones, 
petrol bombs and gunfire. The 
Royal Ulster Constabulary re- 
sponded with plastic bullets 
and eight people were arrest- 
ed. but there were no reports 
of serious injuries. 

The worst arson attacks 
were against a golf dub and a 
country inn at Dunmuny. 
south of Belfast and a Roman 
Catholic primary school in the 
city. Other petrol bombs badly 
damaged the homes of two 
Catholic families and of a 
former RUC officer and a 
community worker. 

As dawn revealed an urban 
battlefield littered with rocks. 

broken glass and burnt-out 
vehicles, the police raided a 
loyalist social club off the 
Shankhil! Road in west Bel- 
fast They discovered fuse and 
detonator wires, a bomb-mak- 
ing manual vats of an ammo- 
nium solution, and petrol 
bomb equipment 

Shortly afterwards they 
were called to a house in Shore 
Road in the north of the dty 
where a woman had been shot 
The police said they were 
treating the killing as non- 

In a separate incident three 
men were arrested after police 
raided a community centre in 
Anilee Avenue, a nationalist 
area of Belfast Scuffles broke 
out as the men were being led 
away and bottles were thrown 
at the police. 

The Rev lan Paisley, leader 
of the Democratic Unionist 
Party, condemned the vio- 
lence. saying that the rioters 
were playing into the hands of 
Ulster's enemies and causing 
further heartbreak to Mr 
White’s family. 

Three youths appeared in 
court in Belfast yesterday. Bail 
was allowed for two accused of 
riotous behaviour, but they 
were ordered to remain at 
home between 9 pm and 
7 am. A third, charged with 
possession of a petrol bomb, 
was remanded in custody. 

to bases 

By Tim Jones 

Tight security surrounded 
military establishments in 
Wales last night after bomb 
threats by an organization 
calling itself Revolutionary 
Arabs in Wales. 

According to a letter deliv- 
ered to the BBC in Cardiff, the 
hitherto unheard of organiza- 
tion would be embarking on a 
campaign of terrdr within the 
next 10 days. 

The polio; are slightly scep- 
tical as two intended targets 
have no connection with the 
United Stales. 

But military bases, particu- 
larly at RAF Si Athan, South 
Glamorgan, and RAF 
Brawdy. in Dyfed, which has 
strong US military links, are 
on a state of red alert. 

At the St Athan base, which 
is the largest RAF mechanical 
maintenance service station in 
Britain, armed troops have 
been manning road-blocks 
and searching cars. Passes 
granted to civilians nearby, 
enabling them to use facilities 
such as the swimming pool 
have been temporarily 

There are large numbers of 
Middle Eastern students liv- 
ing at Cardiff and Swansea 
who have frequently demon- 
strated in support of Iran and 

in demand 

By Geraldine Norman 

Sale Room Correspondent 

Sporting pictures were the 
biggest money-spinners 
among the English pictures at 
Christie’s yesterday. 

Ben Marshall's “Bravura, 
an iron-grey filly, with James 
Robinson” sold for £259,200 
(unpublished estimate 
£300.000-£400,000). It was 
bought by a private collector. 

It is the kind of Marshall 
picture that usually makes big 
money, with several figures 
and a spreading view of 
Newmarket Heath behind. 
The horse and jockey fill the 
centre of the picture with the 
stocky, top-hatted owner, f>ir 
Robert Keith Dick, standing 
beside them, and other horses 
and riders in the background. 

A farmyard scene of an old 
thatched barn and wooded 
landscape, by John Frederick 
Herring senior, fetched 
£237.600 (unpublished esti- 
mate £20Q,000-£300,000). It 
was painted for William Tay- 
lor Copeland, who ran the 
porcelain factory at Stoke-on- 
Trent and was a keen patron 
of Herring’s. 

Other high prices in the sale 
included a group portrait of an 
English lawyer and his family 
and servants in India by 
Johann Zoffany at £216,000 
I unpublished estimate 
£200.000-£m000j. It was 
painted in 1783. the year that 
the Impey family left India 
and Zoffany arrived there. 

Prices were mainly in line 
with expectations though two 
paintings failed to sell, a 
Wootton at £105.000 and a 
Turner at £140.000. The sale 
totalled £2.911896. with 19 per 
cent unsold. 

In New York on Thursday. 
Sotheby's reported a huge new 
influx of private collectors 
bidding for Old Master paint- 
ings. not a field that tradition- 
ally interests Americans. 

A panel painting of the 
“Head of Christ”, attributed 
to the studio of Jan Provost, 
overturned expectations to se- 
cure $220,000 (estimate 
S6.000-58.000) or £ 1 46. 1 79. It 
was bought by the Alexander 
Gallery of New York. 

Deeper study urged of 
the terrorist mentality 

A deeper study of terrorism 
and the terrorist mind was 
called for yesterday, after a 
three-day conference in Aber- 
deen of anti-terrorism special- 
ists, academics and diplomats 
from 20 countries. 

The American raid on Lib- 
ya brought a topical focus to 
the talks. It was concluded 
that (he relationship between 
state sponsors and terrorist 
groups should be closely stud- 

Professor Paul Wilkinson, 
head of international relations, 
and the department of politics 
at Aberdeen University, said 
after the conference that all 
available technology was not 
being used to tighten security 
and prevent such outrages as 
the Athens bombing. 

Aviation security needed a 
radical review, particularly in 
the way luggage in an aircraft 
hold was searched, so that 
plastic explosives, as used in 
the TWA bombing, could be 

“There are technologies that 
wc can put to work and I 
believe we have to use a 
combination of the human 
factor and keepingai least one 
step ahead of the terrorist in 

By Ronald Faux 

technical terms,” Professor 
Wilkinson said. 

Dr David Schuller, of Berlin 
University, said that he ex- 
pected no quick solutions to 
terrorism, which would be 
with the world for at least the 
next 50 years. “It is a disease 
of the industrial Western 
world and we have to live with 
it" he said- 

Terrorism showed a growth 
rate of 10 to 15 per cent a year 
and there was no chance that it 
could be wiped out. 

Dr Schuller said that tour- 
ists from Britain. Europe and 
.America should not stay away 
from the Mediterannean and 
the Middle East. 

He believed that there 
would be some voting with the 
feet against countries which 
had failed to secure their 
airports, or had not done 
much to stop terrorists using 
them as a jumping-off point 
for their actions. 

He said that if those mem- 
bers of the European commu- 
nity could not be convinced 
on a political level to change, 
perhaps they could be con- 
vinced that it was in their 
interests to reconsider their 
stance towards certain coun- 
tries and groups, he said. 

U ' / 

A grim-faced Mr Eric Heffer arriving for the meeting widest decided to back Mr Kinnock. 

War of words in jails 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 

The Home Office has ac- 
cused prison officers of ma- 
nipulating duties to make 
extra money. But the Prison 
Officers' Association (POA) 
blames arrangements nude by 
the Prison Department 
The dash reflects a growing 
effort to win over public opin- 
ion as the prison offiens 
prepare for industrial action 
and ministers consider drastic 
action to deal with it 
The Home Office says that 
at local and remand prisons 
there is pressure at weekends 
and on bank holidays to 
maintain staffing levels when 
tasks are fewer, to enable staff 
to earn overtime. 

“It is just not true”, the 
POA says. “The requirement 

for overtime is deteraaned by 
management and not staff ” 

The Home Office says in- 
formation is posting to light 
which shows that officers on 
court duties delay their return 
to prisms until after the court 
hat risen Jd obtain maximum 
subsistence allowances. 

The POA replies: ^What 
inn happened recently is that 
to outcasts the Prison Depart- 
ment has insisted that the 
vehicles, which are privately 
owned, r et u rn to their garages 
to save waiting all day, and 
they have to return in the 
evening to collect staff and 

prisoners. Yon don’t know how 

king a case will go on, so the 
tendency is to return after the 
court has dosed.” 

According to the Home 
Office, attempts are made to 
milk the system by which meal 

breaks are paid to r du ring 
continuous duty. Economies 
such as eating breakfast be- 
fore coming on duty are 

The POA explains that if 
management extends a shift 
without wanting and a meal 

break has to be taken as part 
of the shift, the meal break is 
paid for, as negotiated. 

The Home Office criticizes 
the insistence that uniformed 
officers be present in the 
workshops of certain prisons 
with a low security category. 

But the POA says: “If 
prison officers, even in the 
fewest category establish- 
ments, are not there, danger- 
ous incidents can occur and 
there is always a danger of 
drug-makuqg implements or 
aids to escape being made. 

Pay lure for prison officers 

Recruitment brochures 
spelling out the attractions of 
being a prison officer empha- 
size the good pay and condi- 
tions (Peter Evans writes). 

They include opportunities 
for overtime, free housingora 
housing allowance, a pension 
and a gratuity on retirement 
“at 55 if you wish”. 

The average pay of prison 
officers in 1985-86 was about 
£15,000 a year. The Home 
Office quotes the Department 
of Employment - as putting 
prison officers second only to 
printers in the earnings league. 

Overtime, which is now the 
subject of controversy, makes 
up on average about 30 per 
cent of a prison officers 

While basic pay runs from 
£5388 a year for a new entrant 

prison officer u> £7,065 for a 
basic grade officer with 15 
years service, this is boosted 
by a variety of allowances, 
including a tax-compensated 
housing allowance of £23.75 a 
week for those officers (some 
65 per cent) not living in a 
provided quarter. 

Prison officers who grab all 
the hours of work they can 
manage are known in prison 
jargon as “overtime bandits”. 
The highest earner last year 

Opporlunities vary accord- 
ing to the job. At one end a 
prison officer may be acting as 
a father figure to a deprived 
lad; at the other another may 
be called on to don riot gear to 
tackle a disturbance. 

There are 18.689 prison 
officers, more than there have 

ever been. To join, you must 
be aged 21 or over but not 
more than 49*6, and at least 
5ft 6in tall (for a man) and 5ft 
3in for women. 

New entrants spend a 
month with experienced offi- 
cers. They then go on to an 
eight-week residential training 
course, at one of the officer 
training schools. LeyhilL 
Gloucestershire, or Wakefield, 
West Yorkshire. 

Training indudes technical 
instruction in security, prison- 
er classification, escorts, court 
duties, supervision and party 

After four years a prison, 
officer could qualify by exami- 
nation to be considered for 
promotion, first to senior 
officer then principal officer 
and later to chief i ‘ 

gets letter 

Mr Malcolm Rjfkind. Scot- 
tish Secretary- hit out yester- 
day at the “evil men" who 
sent him a letter bomb at the 
House of Commons. 

The bomb, described by 
Scotland Yard as a “crude 
device” was thought to be the 
work of the Scottish National 
Liberation .Army. 

Ix has claimed responsibility 
for a number of letter bombs, 
mainly incendiaries, sent to 
Government ministers and 
other public targets over the 
past five years. 

The bomb addressed to Mr 
Rjfltind arrived in yesterday 
morning’s post at the Com- 
mons in a padded envelope, 
and postal room staff were 
immediately suspicious. 

Police experts were sum- 
moned, and the device was 
quickly made harmless. 

Security at the entire Palace 
of Westminster, including the 
Commons, has been tightened 
since the American air strike 
on Libya.The Post Office has 
sophisticated electronic equip- 
ment in use at the Commons 
to detect and isolate suspect 

Yesterday's device included 
a note indicating it was sent by 
the Scottish Liberation Army. 

Mr Rificind said it was the 
work of cranks. Their action, 
putting Commons staff at risk, 
showed they were evil men. he 
sakL“This is not a new prob- 
lem. It’s a problem unfortu- 
nately we've had for many 
years.” he said in Edinburgh. 

“It occasionally gets worse 
for a few days and then it 
subsides, but there’s always a 
need, to take care”, added Mr 

Two years ago, a similar 
device was sent to his prede- 
cessor as Scottish Secretary. 
Mr George Younger. 

Scottish Nationalist extrem- 
ists admitted responsibly. 

Printer admits 
damaging van 

Michael O’Brien, a printer, 
was sentenced to seven days 
imprisonment suspended for 
a year, at Thames Magistrates' 
Court yesterday when he ad- 
mitted a charge of causing 
criminal damage to a TNT 
van delivering copies of The 

Del Constable John Dow- 
den said that O'Brien, aged 36. 
of Crescent Drive, Pelts 
Wood, Kent, shouted abuse at 
the driver of the van. which 
was parked outside Capital 
Newsagents in Queens Way. 
Pe t ty Wo o d, on March 23. He 
also ripped the phone handset 
from thecab. 

sat 1 

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sj.75: Canaries Pcs 200 . 
Cyprus 70 Mne: Denmark Okr 9 OO; 
Finland MMc 9 00: France Fra 8 00 . 
Germany DM 5.60: Gibraltar bOp. 
Onwr Or 180: HWfcwHl Gl 3.50: Irwh 
Republic 40 k Italy L 2.700-Ur»«'m 
bourn Lf 45: Madeira Eac 170: Malta 
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170: Smgaoore *5 go: Spain ne* COO- 
Sweden SM 9 00 Switzerland S 
Francs 3.00. Tunisia Din 00.00: CSA 
SI. 75: YMMavia Dm 400. 

Mafia cash police find 
*300 bank accounts 

By Stewart Tewfler, Crime Reporter 

More than 300 suspect bank 
accounts have been uncovered 
by Scotland Yard detectives 
investigating a tra ns atla n tic 
financial network used to 
launder millions of pounds of 
profits from Mafia drugs gangs 
and big London criminals. 

In the past few days officers 
working in the British Virgin 
Islands have found 150 bank 
accounts which they think are 
linked to the network. Anoth- 
er team of 10 officers on the 
Isle of Man is already looking 
at 174 accounts that could 
form the British end of the 
network, which also embraces 
Spain and Florida. 

Detectives in the Virgin 

Islands are awaiting legal au- 
thority to begin sifting through 
the accounts, which are tied to 
shell companies and individ- 
uals. The islands are about 
1,000 miles from Miami the 
centre of enormous American 
drug trafficking groups. 

The British squad on the. 
islands has been joined by 
officers from the United Slates 
Drug Enforcement Agency, 
working with a special task 
force in -Florida- 

Two women and six » 
arrested in raids in sou-u 
London and Bristol by a 
British task force have been 
released pending further 

Missing girl’s 
body found 

An oil company executive’s 
missing 15-year-otd daughter 
was found murdered yester- 
day. Fair-haired Maartje 
Tamboezer disappeared after 
setting off from her home in 
little Cranmore Lane at West 
Horsley. Surrey, to buy sweets 
Police searching woodland 
found a body yesterday morn- 
ing close to the spot where the 
girl's bicycle was found. 

Cane ban vote forces issue 

The House of Lords vote on 
Thursday night to ban the 
cane from schools is not 
expected to lead to an early 
end to corporal punishment 
although it will force the 
Government to reveal its 
hand on the question (Lucy 
Hodges writes). 

This is the second time the 
Lords have voted to abolish 
corporal punishment in 
schools, thus bringing Britain 
into line with the rest of 
Europe, but the Government 
is unlikely to accept the vote, 
particularly in the run-up to a 
General Election. If it did. it 
would antagonize an impor- 
tant clement of the Conserva- 
tive Party which believes in 
strong measures to uphold law 
and order and discipline. 

But ministers are in a 
dilemma because the recent 
corporal punishment Bill, 
which proposed that parents 

could exempt their children 
from the canc, was universally 
denounced as unworkable and 
administratively clumsy. Sir 
Keith Joseph. Secretary of 
Stale for Education and Sci- 
ence. described it as “least bad 

The Lords killed off the Bill 
in July last year by amending 
it so that it abolished corporal 
punishmenL The Bill had 
been the Government's at- 
tempt to comply with a ruling 
by the European Court of 
Human Rights that children 
should be educated in line 
with their parents' wishes. 

When the Lords aborted the 
legislation, the Government 
dropped it. saying it would 
have to think about what to do 
next to comply with the 
European court. It is clear that 
ministers have been shelving 
the issue, but can do so no 
longer, after this week’s 

amendment to the Education 

The Bill, whose prime aim 
is to reform school governing 
bodies, will reach the Com- 
mons next month. Most Con- 
servative MPs will probably 
want to undo the Lords' 
amendment But Tory aboli- 
tionists. including Mr Robert 
Key. Mr John Wheeler and Sir 
Anthony Meyer, will want it 
to remain the way it is. They 
will probably be in a small 

The problem for the Gov- 
ernment is that if the Bill is 
changed again in the Com- 
mons. it will have to go track 
to the Lords for approval. It 
could be embarrassing if the 
Lords vole for abolition a 
third time. 

At present 32 of the 125 
education authorities in Brit- 
ain have abolished corporal 

GCSE funding 

Britain must be the only 
developed country in the 
world which is introducing its 
children to the computerised 
world of the future thanks to 
jumble sales, head teachers 
were told yesterday 

Mr Roland Brown, presi- 
dent of the Secondary Heads 
Association, said Britain was 
embarking on its most ambi- 
tious and far-teaching innova- 
tion. the new GCSE examina- 
tion, and was spending only 
£26 million on it — enough to 
buy about two and a half text 
books for each pupiL 

Such sums are woefully 
inadequate, he told the 
association's annual confer- 
ence in Oxford. 

For 10 years the education 
service had been starved of the 
money it needed to thrive and 
bad been told to manage on 
less and less, he said. “We have 
fell in a very direct way just 
how weak and ill we are 
getting and ibe sharp protests 
which have shaken our 
schools during, the past two 
years are the inevitable con- 

But the SHA did not believe 
tljarecent leaked proposal for 
Crown schools was the an- 
swer. Mr Brown said. “We 
remain equally sceptical of the 
viability of a national scheme 
for school or education 
vouchers,” he said. 

Catholic paper to be 
protected by trust 

By Clifford Longley 

The Universe, the largest Roman Catholic hierarchy. 

and two of the five members 
are bishops. It is an indepen- 
dent charity, not under the 
bishops’ formal control, how- 
ever. The deal involves a 

ous newspaper m 
the United Kingdom, with a 
circulation of about 130,000, 
is to be acquired by a trust, 
representing the Roman Cath- 

olic bishops of England and substantial sum. which has 
Wales. It is currently owned not been disclosed. 

by the Trinity International 
group, proprietors of the Liv- 
erpool Daily Post and Echo. 
The Catholic Media Trust 
which is to be the new owner, 
consists of nominees of the 

The Universe is profitable, 
and relies for its circulation 
largely on sales through parish 
churches each Sunday. Trinity 
International rook the iniative 
in approaching the Trust, 

‘Economist 9 makes bid 
for US magazine 

By Bill Johnstonem, Technology Correspondent 

The British Economist 
Group is in the final stages of 
preparinga bid in the region of 
$40 million for Scientific 
American, the world’s biggest 
selling scientific magazine. 

The British magazine, 
which sells 280,000 a week, 
100.000 in the US, has for 
been interested in launching 
ascience-based magazine in 
the US for some years. The 
projects were shelved for a 
variety of reasons. 

In the past few months The 
Economist has been exploring 
the possibility of buying a. 
share in Scientific American, 
which sells more than a mil- 
lion copies a month. Recently. 

however, the magazine own- 
ers decided io sell outrjghL 

The prestigious magazine is 
deemed to be profitable, al- 
though advertising revenue 
has been dropping because of 
increased 'competition. The 
owners have not disclosed 
detailed profit figures. 

About 600,000 copies of the 
publication are sold in the US 
and another 400.000 of the 
English edition in non-US 
markets. The magazine also 
publishes editions in nine 
foreign languages. 

Other publishers in the US 
are expected to bid for the 
science magazine. 


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Magistrates will get 
extra training to deal 
with child abuse cases 

Magistrates in England and 
!? Wate arc to nndeigo gxtra 

training for dealing with cases 

of child abuse. Lord Hailsham 

of St Marylebonc, the Lord 
t. Chancellor, announced 


The Government's decision 
comes in the wake of the 
report last year by the inquiry 
into the death of Jasmine 
Beckford and that of the 

Commons Social Services 
Committee, which also stud- 
ied the case. 

Lord Hailsham, addressing 
Buddnghamshire Magistrates 5 
Association at Aylesbury, gts o 
warned magistrates to retrain 
from making comments in 
such cases. No rider should be 
attached to a care order, he 

There were lessons to be 
learned from the Beckford 
report. One was that the 
“dangers which could result 
from making sympathetic ex- 
pressions of hope, which, al- 
made obiter, may be 
ofbeing interpreted as 

forming part of a court's 

Lord Hailsham added tM 
he had endorsed also the 
reo o m m e n da ti the report 
torn magistrates in the juve- 
nile court should explain the 
effect of. their decision in 

le had asked the Judicial 
Studies Board, which super- 
vises the training of judges 
and magistrates, to consider 
extended training .for mem- 
bers of juvenile court panels. 

“The board recommends 
that such magistrates should 
receive 12 hours of special 
training every three years and 
that the syllabus mould in- 
clude matters relating to cMW 
abuse," be said. 

The Lord Chancellor said 
that because the domestic 
court bad jurisdiction also for 
matters such as the care, 
custody and supervision of 
children, the board had rec- 
ommended that magistrates 
on domestic court panels 
should have to undergo simi- 
lar refresher training. 

“1 think this is also good 
advice and I have deddea to 
give effect to the 

The Law Society has set up 
specialist ponds of solicitors 
to handle child-care cases with 
rigorous requirements about 
training and experience. 

• The raincoated man was a 
myth and should be killed oft 
Miss Michele Elliott, director 
of the Child Assault Preven- 
tion Programme, told a con- 
ference on child abuse being 
held at Brighton yesterday. 

Parents are still wanting 
children to beware of the dirty 
old man in a raincoat who 
tries to lnre them into his rusty 
car, instead of aiming the 
children to the danger that 
most sexual abuse is commit- 
ted by “ordinary" people they 
already know, she said. 

“We teach children road 
safety, water safety and not to 
play with matches. Yet the 
most likely experience they 
win have, child abuse, we do 
not talk to them about at alL" 

New move 
by MP 
on pin-ups 

Mrs Cfare Short, the MP 
who won formal permission, 
last month to bring ina Bill to 
ban provocative pictures, in 
newspapers, is trying a second 
way of getting her proposal on 
to tire statute-book (George 
Hill writes): 

Her Bill has no chance of 
making real progress, and so 
Mrs Short, Labour MP for 
Bir mingham^ Ladywood, has 
put down an amendment on 
similar tines to Mr Winston 
C&tirchilFs Bill to protect 
children from obscene 

Mrs Short's amendment 
would identify any newspaper 
which “depicts one or more 
naked, or partially naked, 
women in a sexually provoca- 
tive pose" as an obscene 
publication, and would ban its 
sale or display anywhere 
where H might be seen by a 
person under 18. 

Hie B31 returns to the 
Commons for its final stages 
next week 

Actor fined 

Tony Britton, aged 61, the 
television actor, who admitted 
driving at 95 mph on a dual 
carriageway near Newcastle 
upon Tyne, was fined £50 by 
the city’s magistrates yester- 

Car prefix change 
6 will hurt traders’ 

By Clifford Webb, Motoring Correspondent 

The Motor Agents Associa- 
tion, which represents three 
out of every four garages, 
yesterday attacked govern- 
ment plans to ft the 
registration prefix of new cars 
from August to October as “a 
very damaging prospect for 
both traders and car owners”. 

Launching a campaign to 
persuade the Government to 
change its mind, Mr David 
Gent, the association's direc- 
tor-general, said that 
mimsteis* disregard for the 
views of fire motor trade had 
surprised and angered his 

An MAA survey of 5,000 
franchised new-car dealers 
had shown that most were 
against October. If a change 
was necessary they favoured 

This view was communicat- 
ed to Mir Nicholas Ridley, the 
Secretary of State for Trans- 
port, months before the Gov- 
ernment decision was 

In a letter to MPS yesterday 
Mr Gent accused the Govern- 
ment of effectively increasing 
die price of hew cars by 
reducing the trade-in value of 
the old ones. 

Moving the annual 
“identifier” to October would 
flood the market with used 
cars at a time when demand 
traditionally slumped. 

If the prefix was moved to 
July 1 the annual sates bulge 
would come when the market 
was at its most buoyant. A 
quarter of all new cars are 
bought when the prefix 

Mr Gent said that the 
Driver and Vehicle Licensing 
Centre at Swansea had pressed 
for October becaase August 
holidays left it short-staffed 
when registrations were at 
their peak. But July would 
also have this problem. 

Mr Gent is meeting Mr 
Ridley next Thursday and is 
rngiog association members to 
lobby their MPs. 

But the association's case is 
not supported by at least one 
of the big manufacturers. Mr 
Trevor Taylor, bead of Aus- 
tin-Rover sales, said: "We 
want the annual letter change 
to be abolished altogether. 
Claims that it brings in extra 
sales are not home out by the 

“If it is such a good idea 
why don't the Japanese and 
Americans use it They are 
supposed to be on the ball 
with everything. 

“The truth is that even the 
trade is divided, with an 
increasing number of dealers 
coming to realize that aboli- 
tion is the best way out" 

. ‘Heart’ from muscle tissue 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

Heart transplant patients 
could benefit from a new 
technique involving an organ 
being constructed from their 
own muscle tissue. 

This would avoid problems 
of organ rejection and difficul- 
ties of match ing donors with 

The revolutionary 
“patchwork” heart operation, 
being developed by Dr Stanley 
Salmons, of Birmingham 
University’s anatomy depart- 
ment, could provide a new 
lease of life for patients. 

The procedure involves 

building a new aigan from the 
patient’s own hack muscles. 
The new organ would be 
stimulated by tiny batteries 
and installed next to the 
original heart, so that both 
would be beating ride-by-side. 

Dr Salmons said the tech- 
nique could revolutionize 
heart operations. Patients* 
bodies would not reject the 
new organ because it was not 
made from alien tissue.. 

He believed research would 
be advanced enough to carry 
out the operation in two years' 

time, and it could become 
commonplace in five years. 

He said: "Surgeons have 
wanted to do this for a long 
time, but they freed the 
problem that all the muscles 
which could be used suffered 
from fatigue. 

“We have now discovered a 
system of electrical simulation 
which makes the muscles 

Dr Salmons is carrying out 
the research jointly with an 
American colleague funded by 
a £750,000 grant 

Satanist on 
trial ‘ought 
to be dead’ 

A self-styled Satanist should 
be dead 10 times over and not 
sitting in the dock if what he 
claimed was true, Maidstone 
Crown Court was told 
yesterday. . . . 

Derry Mainwanng Knight 
claimed his treachery to the 
Satanists had “marked hun 
down for death”, but he was 
still very much alive, Mr 
Michael Corkery. QC for ?he 
prosecution, said in his dosing 
speech to the jury. 

Knight, aged 46, an unem- 
ployed painter and decorator, 
of Dormans Land, Surrey, 

denies 19 charges of obtaining 

more than £200,000 by decep- 
tion from Christians. 

He daims be bought Satanic 

regalia to free himself from aw 
control of the Devil, but it is 
alleged he spent the money on 
last cars and 

The trial was adjourned 
until Tuesday. 

Terror at Stonehenge 
festivals, bishop says 

By Robin Young 

The Bishop of Salisbury, the 
Right Rev John Baker, 
churned yesterday that young 
people had been terrorized by 
self-styled satanists during 
midsummer festivals at 


He had been given eyewit- 
ness accounts from doctors 
and clergy who had dealt with 
psychological casualties of 
previous festivals. “Girls un- 
der 16 on the run from home 
are in obvious physical and 
moral danger,” be said. 

The bishop cited the case of 
a boy who said that he had 
been held over a fire and 
cursed by self-styled 
Satan usts, who then dragged 
him around the sire behind a 

“Much occult religion 
boasts ofbeing evil" he said. 
Previous festivals had been “a 

massive maricet for promoting 
drug abuse, including heroin 
and LSD openly advertised 
and touted by youngsters”. 

Last year 550 people were 
arrested by polks intent on 
preventing a revival of the 
illegal festival at Stonehenge. 

English Heritage, which is 
responsible for the mainte- 
nance of the 4,500-year-old 
monument, and the National 
Trust, owners of surrounding 
land used by hippies, for 
several years as a festival 
campsite, say that they would 
be willing to entertain a 
properly organized and con- 
trolled summer solstice cere- 

Wiltshire County Council 
bas derided already to dose, 
from May 19 to June 29. the 
A344 which runs past Stone- 
henge to prevent hippies as- 

Public cuddling 

Lovers sees bssfog, oad- 
dlfoe and fondling m pobhc 
streets maybe guffiy of a® 8 ** 
resulting befeftvkw, a «** 
warn ed id the High 

Lord Justice GfideweU grid 
that overt bomose**** “ het- 
erosexual conduct wt 
constitute an offentt jug be- 
cause it was objectionable to 

m Brete’Swed;“T1iedispby 

of such objectionable 

h> a public street may well be 

mputled by another person, 
particular? a voang wore* 0 * ** 
coadact which insults her by 

that she is some- 
woeU find such 
in a public place 

acceptable ___ 

The judge, sitting with Mr 
Justice SducraiM, dismissed 

dare yon in front of oar girls.” 

Mr Adrian Fnlford, counsel 
for Masterson and Cooper, 
argued that although their 
behaviour might have been 
.wore annoying, it was not 

an appeal by two men who had ^ 

been convicted of using result- Bull die judges upheld the. 
DMnconvwireui by Marlborough 

Street Magistrates’ Cost hi 
August. 1984, where 
Masterson ami Cboper were 
green an absolute dis ch arge 
and bound-over in the sum of 
£100 each to keep the peace 
and be of good behaviour for 
12 months. 

Law Report, page 33 

mg behaviour 
Simon Masterson and Rob- 
ert Cooper, were seen cuddling 

intimately and kissing at a bus 
stop hi Oxford Street, central 
London, at 155 are. 

The men were arrested after 

two other young men, oaf with 

girl friends, objected to their 

behaviour. One said: "How 


HTilvfK NEWS. 

Mr Keith Jeffery and his wife, Chris, of Fishponds, Bristol, with Fay, the week-old baby he 
thought be wimld never see after suffering near-fatal heart disease nine months ago. 

Youth gets 
six years 
for 2 rapes 

A rapist, aged 17, who 
attacked a girl five days after 
be was granted bail for a 
similar offence was sentenced 
to six years youth custody at 
Birmingham Crown Court 

Andrew Knott, of Kenwood 
Rood, Bordesley Green, Birm- 
ingham, pleaded guilty to rap- 
ing the two giris, aged 13 and 
15, in December last year. 

He knew the girl of I3and 
after watching video films at 
her home, was allowed to stay 
the night Next morning, after 
her mother had gone to work 
and the girl was preparing for 
school, Knott attacked her. 
ripped her clothes off and 
raped her. 

He was arrested, charged 
and given bail. Five days later 
be persuaded two giris to go to 
a^park where he raped file girl 

Coin hoard is 
treasure trove 

A hoard of four gold and 13 
silver Celtic coins found on 
the seashore ax Selspy, West 
Sussex, by a man with a metal 
detectin' was deliberately hid- 
den about 2,000 years ago and 
is treasure trove, an inquest at 
Chichester derided yesterday. 

If the coins, worth between 
£5,000 and £10,000, are taken 
by a museum, the finder, Mr 
Richard Ellis, a fruit importer 
from Harlow, Essex, will re- 
ceive their cash value, the 
coroner said. 

leak alert 

A chemical alert was trig- 
gered at Yalding, near Maid- 
stone, Kent, yesterday when a 
road tanker containing insecti- 
cide ruptured at an 1CI plant, 
causing a cloud of gas to hang 
over the village and areas near 

Eight people, including four 
police officers, were treated in 
hospital as firemen brought 
fiie chemical leak under con- 

£2.Sm blast at 
Cadbury plant 

Factory inspectors yester- 
day began investigatingthe 
cause ora blast which ripped 
through the Cadbury choco- 
late factory in Knighton, Staf- 
fordshire, causing damage 
estimated at £2.5 million. 

The fire brigade said that 
the explosion was possibly 
caused by a synthetic milk 
powder mixture accidentally 
igniting. Production could be 
halted for up to three months. 

Divorce for 
Janet Suzman 

Janet Suzman, aged 47, the 
actress, was granted a divorce 
in London yesterday from 
Trevor Nunn, aged 46, the 
theatre director, on the ground 
that they had lived apart for 
more than two years. 

Miss Suzman, of Keats 
Grove, Hampstead, north- 
west London, said that she 
was reluctantly ending their 
marriage of 17 years. They 
have a son, Joshua, aged five. 

Scilly Isles 
peace treaty 

A peace treaty bas been 
signed on St Mary’s in the 
Isles of Scilly. ending a war 
which, according to legend, 
was started against the islands 
by Admiral van Tromp of 
Holland in 1651, and never 
officially called off. 

The signatories were Mr 
Rein Huydecoper, Nether- 
lands Ambassador to Britain, 
and Mr Roy Duncan, chair- 
man of the islands’ council 

BBC post 

John Tusa. a presenter on 
BBCTs Ne*'snight, is to be- 
come managing director of 
BBC external broadcasting in 
the autumn. He succeeds Mr 
Austen Karic. who is retiring. 

Sergeant jailed for 
killing in cell 

By Pe7er Davenport 

A police sergeant was sent 
to jail for seven years yester- 
day after being found guilty of 
the manslaughter of a prisoner 
aged 67. 

AJwyn Sawyer had been 
trapped after his bootprini 
was found on the shirt of the 

A jury at Manchester Crown 
Court found Sawyer, aged 45, 
not guilty of murder, but 
guilty of manslaughter, in a 
unanimous verdict. 

The judge, Mr Justice Mac- 
pherson. told the police officer 
that hr had been found guilty 
of a “gross act" on Mr Henry 
Foley, a retired bus driver, as 
he lay handcuffed on the floor 
of a cell at Southport police 

He said: “This is a tragic 
day for you. This was a gross 
act The jury have found that 
you did not intend really 
serious harm but to assault a 
67-year-old man lying in a cell 
as the jury have found that 
you did, is a terrible thing. 

“If he had not died a 
sentence would have been 
substantial but be did die and 

you are going to prison for 
se’.en years.” 

Sawyer, a police officer for 
23 years with two commenda- 
tions. including one for rescu- 
ing five men from a blazing 
lodging house, had pleaded 
not guilty io murder. He did 
not give evidence during ihe 
eight-day trial but maintained 
to senior officers that he had 
not assaulted Mr Foley. 

During ihe case the court 
was told that Mr Foley had 
been locked in a cell for his 
own safety after being found 
drunk. He was handcuffed 
after assaulting another 

The prosecution said that 
Mr Foley was a subject of a 
brutal revenge assault by 
Sawyer which left him with 
injuries io his bowels, intes- 
tines and kidneys. He died 
from a heart attack in hospital 
caused by his internal injuries. 

The jury of seven men and 
five women was told that the 
injuries were consistent with 
Mr Foley having been kicked 
or stamped on. 

6 went to 

By a Staff Reporter 

Computer hackers left mes- 
sages for the Duke of Edin- 
burgh in his secret electronic 
mailbox, a court was told 
yesterday. They were signed 
by someone calling himself M 
Hacker, it was said. 

But a journalist accused of 
plugging into the information 
system denied that he was the 
culprit the hearing was told. 

Robert Schifreen. aged 22, 
got into a Presiel information 
account held by the Prince 
when he discovered the confi- 
dential royal identity number 
and password, it was alleged. 

Schifreen is aid to have 
told police: “I found codes 
belonging to the Duke of Edin- 
burgh and logged in as him. 
simply for the pleasure of see- 
ing the welcome frame come 
up saying “Good afternoon, 
this is HRH Duke of 

Asked if he sent any mes- 
sages purporting to be the 
Prince, he replied: “No”. 

“There were reports in the 
press at the time that messages 
had been sent purporting to be 
from an M Hacker." he added. 

“That wasn’t me, and I 
don’t know to this day who 
did it" 

He admitted to police log- 
ging on to the Presiel system 
as the Prince, but added: “1 
didn’t then use that account to 
do anything. I just logged off 
then logged back into the sys- 
tem as the Duke of 

Schifreen, whose Presiel ac- 
count name was Bug Hunter, 
accidentally obtained tele- 
phone numbers for private 
Presiel computers when he 
was testing new equipment 
the court heard. 

Then he found a list of every 
ID number and password 
allocated to subscribers when 
access codes to one of the 
private computers were "left 
lying around" within the sys- 
tem. Mr Austen lssard- Da- 
vies, for the prosecution, said. 

Schifreen. of Edgwarebury 
Gardens, Edgware. north-west 
London, denies five charges of 

It is alleged that he passed 
on the computer information 
to Stephen Gold, aged 33. of 
Watt Lane, Sheffield, who 
denies four similar charges. 

The trial continues. 

Two share 
prize of 
£ 4,000 

The Times Portfolio Gold 
daily prize of £4,000 was 

yesterday by threader* who 

each receive £2,000. 

Mr Geoffrey Barnes, aged 
55 , a business administrator 
for the Nursing Council, has 
been doing the contest for toe 
past two years and has come 
“f rustra tingly dose to winning 
once or twice before**. 

Mr Barnes, of Camberwell 
south London, dabbles in the 
stock market, on which the 
Portfolio game is based, and 
said: “I have various invest- 
ment funds and will probably 
invest some of the money." 

' *\ 

Mr Barnes 

• t 

Mr Ttirfrey 

The other winner is Mr 
Kevin Turfrey, aged 37. who 
runs the Glebe House residen- 
tial home for the elderly in 
Northleach, Gloucestershire, 
with bis wife Jennifer. 

• If yon experience difficulty 
in obtaining a gold card, send 
an sju. to: 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

The new weekly prize of 
£8,000 can be won in today's 
contest. If it is not won the 
prize money will accumulate 
each week until it is. Every 
weekday there is a daily 
£4,000 prize and that too will 
accnmulate each day that it is 
not won. 

Today's lists, page 34 

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i • 

Law Society 
protest over 
circuit court 
budget cuts 

By Frances Gibb. Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The Law Society has written 
to the Lord Chancellor's De- 
partment to protest at cuts in 
the courts’ budgets for this 
year, in particular on the 
Wales and Chester circuit. 

A cut of about £390,000 on 
the estimated need on that 
circuit will “inevitably lead to 
delays in civil cases as well as 
to a* substantial reduction in 
standards on the circuit", the 
society said yesterday. 

After protests by local solic- 
itors. the circuit has with- 
drawn plans to implement the 
cut. which would have meant 
a 20 per cent reduction in 
crime court sittings. All part- 
time sittings, those by assis- 
tant recorders and deputy 
registrars, were to have been 

But there will still be a 
reduction in planned sittings 
by deputy registrars in the 
county court for the coming 
year. These will be cut to 3"2, 
compared with 894 in 1984. a 
loss of more than 500 days' 

Circuit staff are examining 
how they can reduce costs 
further. '.Although they are 
looking at travel and subsis- 
tence allowances, part-time 
judges' fees, and such items of 
administration as bank 
charges, telephone bills and 
postage, a spokesman said 
that there would inevitably be 
a “knock-on" effect through to 
the court hearings. 

The matter, which means a 
2 per cent cut on estimated 
expenditure for 1985/86. 
bringing the budget down to 
£9 million, has been taken up 
by Mr .Alexander Cariiie. QC. 
the Liberal spokesman on 
legal affairs, who earlier this 
week described the cut as 

Yesterday Mr Andrew 

‘Pay interest 
to creditors’ 
call by Owen 

Companies slow to settle 
unpaid debts should be legally 
liable (o pay interest to their 
creditors. Dr David Owen, 
leader of the Social Democrat- 
ic Party, said yesterday 
(George Hill writes). 

Small firms were especially 
vulnerable to slow repay- 
ments. he said. 

“In France. West Germany 
and Italv. small businessmen 
can press for a statutory right 
to interest payments on un- 
paid commercial debts, after a 
specified period”. Dr Owen 
said, calling for a similar 
provision in British company- 

Red tape restricting the 
growth of new businesses, 
should be cut back by legisla- 
tion. on the lines of the 
Regulatory Flexibility Act in 
the United States, he added. 

Lockley. secretary of the Law 
Society's litigation committee, 
described the cut as “pro- 
foundly depressing". 

“The effect of no more 
deputy registrar sittings will be 
that cases in the county court, 
including family cases, will 
take longer to process." he 
said. There would be resulting 
“upset" For both children and 
parents in such cases, which 
could “hardly be in the public 

He added that the Law 
Society would not try to 
establish the extent of cuts on 
the other five circuits in 
England and Wales. But the 
effect of cuts in budgets else- 
where is thought to be less 
severe than on the Wales and 
Chester circuit. 

The Lord Chancellor’s De- 
partment said yesterday that 
in the light of further fuff-time 
appointments to the circuit 
bench, the number of part- 
time posts had been unavoid- 
ably reduced. But the recent 
review meant there woufd be 
no ftirther reductions in part- 
time sittings. 

As far as other circuits were 
concerned, he could not com- 
ment on what was being 
planned locally. But the inten- 
tion would be to maintain the 
maximum number of sittings. 

“The Lord Chancellor 
attributes the highest impor- 
tance to containing Crown 
court delays in the interests of 
efficient and speedy justice." 
the spokesman said 
• The Law Society’s 
“parliament" is to be televised 
in a move to make its affaire 
more open (the Press Associa- 
tion reports). 

A Yorkshire Television film 
crew is to be allowed into next 
montb's meeting of the ruling 

£10m security 
plan for power 

The Electricity Council is to 
spend £10 million to improve 
security at electricity sub- 
stations to prevent trespass. 

The move comes in re- 
sponse to an inquest jury's 
recommendations after the 
deaths of two boys who en- 
tered a sub-staiion at Selston. 
Nottinghamshire, last 

Mr .Alistair Goodlad, junior 
minister at the Department of 
Energy, in a Commons written 
reply yesterday to Mr Frank 
Haynes. Labour MP for Ash- 
field. said that a working party 
set up after the accident bad 
recommended three courses of 
action at a cost of £10 million. 

They were better security, 
better education and research 
into and development of more , 
sensitive means of detecting 1 
mechanical failures. 

Bhutto scorns 



New problem at Act ‘will 
baby food plant 

The baby food factory in completing and commission- 111 I I II I UU& 
Kendal Cumbria, which ™ rag . au entirely new milk increased union balloting as 

closed when it was linked with drying plant . -^.it of the Trade Union 

an outbreak of food poisoning A spokesman said that n means many trade 

in more than 40 babies, has would take between three and mmytraoe 

another problem. t SES2 

Just weeks after it looked set oriy ™ the views of their members 

to resume business. Boots, and to establish closer contact 

who took over the plant Jtandaros. with them, Mr Alistair Gra- 

ssssTj^tgSSSsist assess** 

£fs?35.™* “SS-ra-S 

high standards of cleanliness. = E* 

Salmonella bacteria were factory dosed. There are now industrial communications, 
found in the Farley plant early 260 employees . organized by Vista Gwnnumi- 

in the new year after it had The spokesman said that cations, 
been shut down just before die company would have to . 

Christmas. review its short-term manning Mr Graham said; “AT 

It reopened only after a and there would be discus- though trade uniou national 
massive sterilizing operation sions soon with the unions. committe es are elected dxrect- 
and at the end of March The new drying plant cost »y by members, unions receive 
production resumed with the £6 million and was to have policy i nstru ctions mop annn- 
processing of a huge order for made the factory one of the al conferences, which are a 
dried skimmed milk. most modem and efficient collection of activists. 

in its statement. Boots said: milk drying plants in the Surveys would ensure that 
“.Although the product and country. the activists were aware of the 

the process is free from any It was to have been com- wishes of unio n members and 
contamination, we are not yet pleted by the end of 1985, but so help industry as a whole. 
100 per cent confident that the has yet to be commissioned- 

old plant can be made to meet Boots took over the Kendal Mr Graham added: “I can 
the company’s exacting stan- factory and Farley’s sister see in the future that this sort 
dards and we are. therefore, plant in Plymouth in a of survey will be issued prior 
placing all our resources in £18 million deal to major strike ballots.” 

Sir Richard Attenborough face to face with Bryan Organ’s portrait of him, commissioned by 
Leicestershire Museums ami Art Galleries, it went oa show yesterday. 

The baby food factory in 
Kendal. Cumbria, which was 
closed when it was linked with 
an outbreak of food’ poisoning 
in more than 40 babies, has 
another problem. 

Just weeks after it looked set 
to resume business. Boots, 
who took over the plant 
several weeks ago, said that 
further traces of salmonella' 
bacteria had been found 
around the drying plant, and 
the company was not satisfied 
that the plant could meet its 
high standards of cleanliness. 

Salmonella bacteria were 
found in the Farley plant early 
in the new year after it had 
been shut down just before 

It reopened only after a 
massive sterilizing operation 
and at the end of March 
production resumed with the 
processing of a huge order for 
dried skimmed milk. 

In its statement. Boots said: 
“.Although the product and 
the process is free from any 
contamination, we are not yet 
100 percent confident that the 
old plant can be made to meet 
the company’s exacting stan- 
dards and we are. therefore, 
placing all our resources in 

completing and commission- j 
ing an entirely new milk 
drying plant." 

A spokesman said that it 
would take between three and 
six months for the new plant 
to be ready, but Boots was 
prepared to accept only the 
highest standards. 

The production of all dried 
milk foods has stopped until 
the new plant opens, although 
ready-to-feed production is to 

About 60 part-time and 
temporary staff were made 
redundant when the Kendal 
factory dosed. There are now 
260 employees . 

The spokesman said that 
the company would have to 
review its short-term manning 
and there would be discus- 
sions soon with the unions. 

The new drying plant cost 
£6 million and was to have 
made the factory one of the 
most modem and efficient 
milk drying plants in the 

It was to have been com- 
pleted by the end of 1985, but 
has yet to be commissioned. I 

Boots took over the Kendal 
factory and Farley's sister 
plant in Plymouth in a 
£18 million deal i 

Miss Benazir Bhutto, leader 
of the Pakistan People’s Party 
pledged yesterday to address a 
rally in Rawalpindi — where 
*ie«- father, Zulfiqar AH 
Bhutto, was hanged in 1979 — 
in sphe of threats she said had 
been made to her. 

Continuing yesterday on 
her eight-day road journey to 
Rawalpindi, she said that her 
“peaceful march" on the capi- 
tal was aimed at a revolution 
and at radical change in the 
destiny of the masses. 

According to press reports. 
Miss Bhutto's last major pub- 
lic meeting, on Thursday in 
Jheium, one of the main 
suppliers of officers and men. 
for Pakistan's armed forces, 
was marked for its emotional 
response from thousands of 
cheering people when she 
reminded them that, her ra- 
ther, the former Prime Minis- 
ter. had been instrumental in 
securing the release of about . 
90,000 Pakistani servicemen 
held by India as prisoners of 
war after the Bangladesh war 
in 1971. 

As she left Jhdum Tor 
Rawalpindi, where she was 
due to address a rally later 

from Hasan Akhtm, Islamabad 

yesterday afternoon. Miss through Kfearian, a town im- 

Bhutto said she had been been .-portanl for its cantonment 
threatened that she would not . and Armoured Corps centre. 

be able to speak at ter public 
me eting s in Rawalpindi; and 
other towns. 

Banging on the rostrum, she 
said: "Benazir wHl speak in 

In an a p pare nt reference to 
General Zia, Chief of Army 
Staff and an Armoured Corp 
officer, she said it was from 
here that "the usurper pro- 
ceeded to Islamabad in foe ® 

Rawalpindi, Mohan - and -Fe- of the sight with 

stewar, and none, on earth can . tanks?.- 

stop her in doing so. 
However, none of the jour- 

Ste added: "But I am going 
in daylight to Islamabad, with 

nalists covering the tour bare hands ami armed only 
through Punjab suggests that with p ri nciples." ■■ 

Violence feared 

Rawalpindi (Reuter) - The 
American and British Embas- 
sies in Islamabad are advising 
their nationals not to travel to 
Rawalpindi, where they fear 
that crowds protesting against 
the US raids on Libya might 
become violent. Armed poBoe 
guard bo& legations. 

the Government has spaced 
any impediments in her way 
dminghertoor. . 

Miss Bhutto, who has -Sin- 
gled out President Z3a> who 
removed her father in 1977, 
for attacks at aB her pub&c 
meetings, said she bad: come 

UN envoy tackles 
Afghan problem 

From Michael Hamlyn, Delhi 

A further round of indirect 
negotiations aimed at bringing 
to an end the conflict in 
Afghanistan began here last 
night as Sedor Diego Cor- 
dovez, special representative 
of the United Nations Secre- 
tary-General, arrived in the 
Indian capital for dfecsssums. 

Yesterday he was shuttling 
between the Afghan Embassy 
in the diplomatic enclave of 
Delhi and the Pakistan 
Ambassador's Residence. He 
met both Mr Shah Moham- 
med Dost, the Afghan Foreign 
Minister, and Sahabzada 
Yaqub Khan, his Pakistani 
counterpart. Both are in Delhi 
attwuinw the foreign min- 
isters’ meeting oftfce Boo- 
aligned movement. 

Sedor Cordovez is reported 
to have a draft msw» of the 
fourth and, it is hoped, final 

iustnoBKnt of the A^baa 
fait*, Which wffl fatdade: 

• A timetable for (he with- 
drawal of Soviet troops. 

• Proposals for sinmltaneoas 
impl ementa tion. 

The fourth instrument win 
draw together the other three 
htstrameols already agreed in 
tiie Geneva process, undertak- 
ings of non-interference and 
non-intervention, internation- 
al guarantees, and arrange- 
ments for the conmdtatioa and 
return of refugees. 

Although ralastan is com- 
ing under increasing pressure, 
the only terms on which 
Islamabad is likely to agree 
would leave the Aljgh&n Gov- 
ernment wholly exposed. M The 
Kamtal regime would last 
horns, not days, folia wing a 
Soviet withdrawal," said a 
some dose to the UN-spon- 
sored process. 

Channel link Bill published Cyanide suicide on TV 

By Richard Evans 
Lobby Reporter 

The Channel Tunnel Bill, 
for the building and operation 
of the £2.5 billion link be- 
tween England and France, 
was published by the Govern- 
ment yesterday and should be 
law by next Easter. 

It gives authority for the 
tunnel’s private promoters, 
the Channel Tunnel Group 
and Franche-Manche, to build 
and run the planned railway 
under the English Channel, 
and authorizes improvements 

to the rail network in London, 
Surrey and Kent and to local 

Mr Nicholas Ridley, Secre- 
tary of State for Transport, 
promised yesterday that indi- 
viduals or groups whose inter- 
ests were directly affected by 
the scheme would be able to 
have their views beard by a 
special Commons select com- 
mittee which will examine the 

The Government measure 
is likely to have us second 
reading early next month and 
the the select committee hear- 

Science report 

Third generation drugs for ulcers 

By Pearce Wright 
Science Editor 

A new type of drug against 
takers is being examined by 
the Government’s Committee 
on Safety of Medicines. The 
drugs have had trials with at 
least two big pharmaceutical 

Preseating the latest data on 
the tests to the European 
Congress on Gastroenterol- 
ogy. doctors said that the new 
drugs acted best against peptic 
ulcers. They represent a third 
generation of drugs hi the 
treatment of this condition. 

The active ingredient is 
based on the prostaglandin 
family of hormones. 

Unlike antacids, which act 
by neutralizing excess acid 
secretion in the stomach, or 
the second generation H> 
receptor antagonists, which 

reduce acid production by 
stomach cells, the latest com- 
pounds behave in a variety of 
ways to counteract the disor- 
der. The basic level of gastric 
arid secretion is regulated in 
conjunction with another way 
of protecting cells by stimulat- 
ing bicarbonate and aucas 

The discovery comes when 
some of the accepted ideas 
aboat ulcers are being revised. 
It was thought that people 
working under high pressure, 
with associated stress, were 
more prone to ulcers. 

Recent surveys of men and 
women with high-stress jobs,' 
such as air-traffic controllers, 
have, shown that they are no 
more likely to contract ulcers 
titan anyone else. 

Anybody can get ulcers; one 
in six people in the western 

world suffers from them at 
some time. Fifty years ago, 
four males contracted them for 
every female, hot today there 
are more female and fewer 
male sufferers. No one knows 
why, but one theory is that 
smoking may contribute. 

Ulcers are caused when 
craters occur in the protective 
lining of the soraach (gastric 
ulcers) or small intestine (duo- 
denal ulcers) as the result of an 
upset between the gastro- 
intestinal tract's natural de- 
fences and the substances that 
release the add necessary for 
digestion. They are acetylcho- 
line and gastrin, secreted in 
cells in toe stomach lining. 
They sometimes produce too 
much arid, which erodes the 
walls of the stomach or 

Most treatments are like 

dosing the door after the hone 
has bated. 

Recent discoveries indicate 
that one of the most vital of 
these is a hormone called 
prostaglandin, which is acti- 
vated for a short time doing 
the digestive process to inhibit 
the production of arid and to 
stimulate the stomach’s 

Tests on people with stom- 
ach ulcers have shown that 
their prostaglandin production 
level is low. 

.Another of the stomach’s 
defences is a hormone called 
epidermal growth factor, 
which also assists in rotting 
acid production. Researchers 
are experimenting with syn- 
thetic products based mi both 
hormones which can be taken 
as tablets or powder. 

ing? wffl take place in the 

Mr Ridley said: “Following 
the signing of the fixed-fink 
treaty with France on Febru- 
ary 12 this year and the 
signing of the concession 
agreement with the promoters 
on March 14, 1 gave a commit- 
ment to introduce the neces- 
sary legislation at the earliest 

“The publication of the 
Channel Tunnel Bill fulfils 
that promise and sets out the 
legal framework for this his- 
toric undertaking." 

Woman’s sex 

An industrial tribunal in 
London yesterday rejected a 
community worker’s claims 
that her former employer 
sexually harrassed her. 

The entire case of Ram 
Caine, former education offi- 
cer with Hackney Council for 
Racial Equality in London, 
was described as "mischie- 
vous and frivolous 1 ". 

Miss Caine, aged 28, of 
Albert Road, Leyton, east 
London, alleged that the coun- 
cil chairman, Mr Uoyd King, 
wanted to touch her. 

Miss Caine claimed that Mr , 
King and Mr Ian Haig, a 
senior officer, discriminated I 
against her on grounds of sex { 
and race in barring her from 1 
doing a university course. 

Mr John Hume, chairman 
of the tribunal, cleared both 

Amherst, Massachusetts 
(UPI) — A satirical college 
television show turned into a 
tragedy when a distraught 
youth drank a mug of cyanide- 
laced Kool-Aid during a live, 
dosed-ciicuit broadcast and 

Andrew Hermann, aged 17, 
went on the air at the end of a 
two-hour programme broad- 
cast weekly at Hampshire 
Colleger He launched a tirade 
against administrative poli- 

cies at Abe arts school, an- 
nounced that he would drink 
Kool-Aid laced with cyanide, 
and gulped down what .ap- 
peared to be a mug of a grape 

He collapsed in tire televi- 
sion studio at the school 
library soon after, as viewers 
watched bis body convulse 
from the effects of tire potion. 
Mr Hermann, who planned to 
attend the college in the 
autumn, was~dead on-arrival 

riot police and baron- wielding 
“Peoples' Guards" of her Pa- 
kistan . People’s Party stood 
guard here yesterday as Miss 
Bhutto ledher march towards 
the home of the Pakistani 
Army (Reuter reports). 

In groups of about 50, riot 
police watched President Zia’s 
residence, tire Central Jail, «. 
Lama Park, and key cross- e 
roads in the garrison city. 

. Inside Liaquat Park, where 
Miss Bhutto is expected to 
draw teas of 'thousands of 
people to hear her caO for new 
ehrnons. about 500 Peoples* 
Guards stood ready with 
sticksto control crowds. 

Goa model 

by Tamils 

~ Colombo — The Tamil 
United Liberation Front said 
here yesterday it is rejecting 
the latest Government pro- 
posals to resolve the country’s 
ethnic problem because they 
fell short of the degree of 
devolution of power demand- 
ed by the Tamils (Our Corre- 
spondent writes). 

A party spokesman said that 
the proposals included the 
establishm ent of “union ter- 
ritories” such as Goa in India. 
But Goa was not a model 

• Seven Sri Lankan airmen 
and two civilians were killed 
yestcrday^wfaen Tamil guerril- 
las exploded a landmine under 
their vehicle in the north-west 
of the island. 

. rebels kill 

Manila <AF3P) — Eighteen 
soldiers were killed and eight 
wounded m an ambush by 
communist guerrillas in the 
eastern province of Albay 
yesterday, the state-run Phil- 
ippines news agency said. 

The ambush happened in 
the outskirts of Gas, 180 miles 
east of here. 

Manila newspapers yester- 
day reported heavy fighting 
between soldiers and New 
People’s Army insurgents in 
die village of Upper Mainit on 
the island of Mindanao. 

Japan equality law lets down wives 

Japan's new equality of en- 
pfoysKut law might please 
feminists, but for B&ffions of 
wives working part-time Us 
benefits are hud to discern. 

The law urges employers to 
gwe female workers the same 
training, welfare and retirement 
conditions as men, but sets no 
penalties oc even adequate oon- 
ifitioas for arlwtra t i o B . It en- 
coaages continu e d enjoyment 
of women after they many, hot 
the ouiy recourse a sacked wife 
has is stfil a long and expensive 
court battle. 

The law, which took effect on 
April 1, was put together 
hurriedly last year by the raffing 
liberal Democratic Party to 
satisfy the reqitirements of the 
United Nations during 
Women’s Year. 

So far its most immediate 
effect has been poorer working 
conditions for women and cs- 
comagemeut for companies to 
introduce a move rigid “class 

From David Watts, Tokyo 

system” to mark “canes" wom- 
en from others. - .. ... 

To take the career path, 
women must be prepared to 
more anywhere nidus Japan or 
abroad, exactly Hke a male 
employee. The aSteroatire is to 
stay-at the local office and to 
expect no advancement or im- 
provement in salary 
Ironically, opposition to the 
law has come n ot only from 
senior managers hot also from 
young men afraid of increased 
competition for. the fewer pro- 
motions on offer. 

The new law certainly meets 
the needs of ambitious profes- 
shmafs by fitting restrictions on 
women working atsocsal hoars 
and overtime, bat h does fittfe 
for the more than SO per cent of 
housewives who work at what 
are termed part-time jobs hut 
which are, in ever y aspect 
except mm representation and 
salary, de facto fidLtime jobs. 

Women are paid an average 
518 per oak of the nude 

salary for fuff-time work. IRart- 
tnue women workers earn an 
average 7 42 per cent of the 
fall-tune woman's salary, even 

The Government itself is 
taking tittle responsibility to 
follow through on the BIB. 
Dissemination of information 
about the law is bring left to 
the media. The Ministry of 
Labour has a national force of 
200 to monitor the law's 
enforcement, hat they have to 
watch 35 million- com panies 
and have no right to mvesti- 

- The onus is therefore on 
women . to . bring . . ab ases to 
tight- But only 20 per cent of 
Adi-time women workers are 
in a anion .amt, given the 
paternalistic nature of eaqrioy- 
mea tin Japan, any woman 
bringing a complaint a pinsi 
her employer fe taking a 
considerable risk. 



Libyan crisis 

Home support 

Whitelaw reaffirms British backing for America 


Having weighed up ait the 
factors, the Government's 
decision 10 support the United 
Slates action against Libya was 
justified in the interests of 
Britain, world peace and ihe 
fight against state inspired 
terrorism. Viscount Whitelaw. 
Lord President of the Council 
and Leader of the Lords, said 
when opening a debate on the 
US action. 

Knowing of plans for further 
terrorist attacks by the Libyans, 
no government could stand by 
while they were carried ouL 

That was the position in 
which the United States found 
itself when deciding what 
action was open to fi- 
ll had been said Britain’s 
decision had lain the country 
open to greater threat of 
Libyan terrorism. No one 
could ever be sure about the 
reactions of ruthless terrorists. 
Tne recent tragic events in the 
Lehanaon and the bomb at 
Heathrow yesterday made 
plain the dangers which such 
people presented He hoped no 

one would suggest that such a 
risk would have justified 
holding back from the decision 
the Government believed 
necessary in the wider struggle 
against state sponsored 

Such an attitude did not buy 
off terrorists. Experience 
showed it merely emboldened 
them to destroy our country 
and our way of life. 

If by supporting the United 
States action (he said) we 
succeed in seriously weakening 
the fount of terrorism we shall 
do a great deal to protect 
British citizens as well as 
American citizens all over the 

Evidence of Libyan 
involvement in terrorism 
included ihe murder of WFc 
Fletcher, support for the 
Provisional IRA. Libyan arms 
found in an arms cache in 
January in ihe Republic of 
Ireland, and Ihe recent 
bombing in West Berlin which 
leu two dead and 230 injured. 

Communications between 
Tripoli and the Libyan People's 
bureau in East Berlin about ihe 
planning and the outcome of 
this operation were now 

generally known and widely 

The history of economic 
sanctions offered little hope of 
effectiveness unless they were 
widely supported in many 
countries. Securing such 
support was not a real prospect 
in the case of Libya. 

Lord Cledwyn of Pcnrhos, 
Leader of the Labour peers, said 
that he refuted absolutely the 
implication that opposition to 
the .American action was in 
some way a condonation of 
terrorism. The American action 
was not the right course and the 
Government should not have 
supported iL 

If the evidence to support the 
action was irrefutable, substan- 
tial and clear, it should have 
been on the table of the Security' 
Council. The United Suites had 
taken the law into their own 
hands. They had done what they 
and Britain condemned other 
countries for. breaching inter- 
national law. 

Everyone agreed that inter- 
national terrorism must 6c tack- 
led urgently. Even more 
important » as to tackle its 
causes. Reappraisal of the Mid- 

dle East situation was urgently 
required in zhe light of events 
and fences must be mended with 
Egypt, Jordan. Saudi Arabia and 
other friendly states. 

Lady Seear. leader of the Liberal 
peers, said the Liberals did not 
support the American attack, 
nor agree that the British Gov- 
ernment had been right ingiving 
permission. The attack made 
the light against terrorism more 
difficult, not easier. The bomb- 
ing was likely to stimulate 
terrorists to further action. 

The Archbishop of York (Dr 
John Hzbgood) saisd that he 
shared the doubts of the coun- 
cils of churches about the wis- 
dom of the method of 
combating terrorism and its 
l^ality under the UN Charter. 

We have to reaffirm inter- 
national law and lighten our 
normal security measures ihe 
saidl. but beyond that three 
things arc essential: To tackle 
the cause because you will never 
eradicate terrorism as long as 
there are those who believe they 
have been treated with deep 
injustice and believe they have 
no other way of expressing that 

injustice; you have to separate 
terrorist groups from their 
potential allies: and you have to 
keep the moral high ground 
because terrorism weds on a 
distorted sense of self-righteous- 
ness. The United States action 
failed on all three grounds. 

Field Marshal Lord Carver said 
that the natural action of a 
military man was to ask what 
was the aim of the action and 
whether it was likely to achieve 
that aim. If the action bad a 
good chance of succeeding in 
that aim why was there any 

Obviously there had been 
grave differences about whether 
it would achieve its aim and he 
suspected that that would have 
been the advice of diplomatic 
and military advisers if they 
were consulted. He hoped they 

Lord Home of tbe~ Hinfl (C), 
the former Prime Minister, said 
so far the cold feci was that bo 
one other , than President 
Reagan had tried to do 
anything effective about 
terrorism. !□ this matter of 
resistance to violence they 
must stand together. Separately 

they would be tricked off -one 
by one. 

The main guarantee 
democracies possessed against 
those who dealt in aggression 
was the readiness of the people 
of the US to underwrite with 
their power the security of the 
continent of Europe and the 
Atlantic ocean. -In all the 
circumstances on that occasion.* 
faced with that dilemma, the 
Prime Minister's decision was 

The Russians must be 
beginning to be interested in 
strengthening international law 
against terrorists. In these 
matters Britain must give a 

Lord Stewart of Fulham (Lab), 
a former Foreign Secretary, 
said they were being launched, 
if they were not careful, on 
what was in effect a war which 
would stretch from Beirut to 
Heathrow and possibly further. 
The answer could not be found 
by threatening each time to 
reply io an act of terrorism by 
bombing here or there. 

There was a danger of seeing 
the Naio alliance lorn in two 
between American recklessness 
and European hesitancy 


Bill raises hopes for 
partially sighted 


As many as 1,500. extra eye 
transplants a year could be 
performed if the. Corneal 
Tissue Bill was enacted, Mr 
John Hunan (Exeter, C). its 
sponsor, said when successfully 
moving the Bill's third reading 
in the Commons. 

He said it would remove a 
major obstacle lo the successful 
collection of suitable eye tissue 
desperately needed to prevent 
loss of vinos and blindness by 
amending the Human Tissue 
Act 1961. 

At present between t.500 
and 2.000 corneal grafts were 
carried out in Britain each year 
with a 90 per cent success rate. 
Demand for eye tissue, which 
had a life of only 14 hours after 
the donor's death, was greater 
than supply and hundreds of 
people were waiting for 
operations to save their sight- 

The problem was not a 
shortage of donors but a 
shortage of opthalmic surgeons 

Having received support 
from Mr Frank Dobson, for the 

Opposition, and Mr Ray 

Security, on behalf of the 
Government. - the Bill 
completed its report stage and 
was read the third time. It now 
goes to the House of Lords. 

•As a resnltpf contact between 
DHSS .officials and the 
manufacturers of ''Skoal 
Bandits", the company 
accepted that health warnings 
ought to appear on the packs 
and on the advertising material 
and that the rules governing 
the promotion and sale of the 
product should be consaderaby 
strengthened. Mr Raymond 
Whtoq'. Under Secretary of 
State for Health and Social 
Security, announced in the 

He was speaking during 
debate on the Protection of 
Children (Tobacco) Bill, which 
makes R an offence to sell any 
tobacco .product — including 
"Skoal Bandits” — to people 
coder 16 years of age. 

. The Bill was read the third 





Washington waits 

Travel fears 

Shultz hoping for a military coup 

From Christopher Thomas 

The Reagan Administration 
is watching events in Tripoli 
with mounting hope and even 
a sense of expectation that the 
rule of Colonel Gadaffi may 
soon be in serious trouble. My 
G eorge Shultz. Secretary of 
t;. State, said yesterday that a 
' military coup would be “all to 

There is obvious disap- 
pointment within the Admin- 
istration that the Libyan 
leader was not killed in 
Monday's raid, though Mr 
Shultz insisted that he had not 
been a direct target. 

President Reagan said: “We 
weren't out to lull anybody.” 
But other unnamed officials 
wen? quoted yesterday as say- 
ing that the attack was 

? finned in the hope that 
'olonel Gadaffi would be 
killed. His exact whereabouts 
on the night of the raid, 
however, were not known to 
American intelligence. 

Mr Shultz, speaking to re- 
porters in his State Depart- 
mem office, said that the 
targets were selected to make 
an “impression" on Libyan 
armed forces, a remark sug- 
gesting that the overthrow of 
the colonel was a prime 
objective of the action. 

He said he lacked sufficient 
information to say that there 
was movement towards a 
coup. But a While House 
official claimed that the US 
had intelligence reports that 
one military uriit had rebelled 
on Wednesday only to be 
i 1 foiled by the Air Force. 

Mr Shultz suggested that a 
successor to Colonel Gadaffi 
would concentrate more on 
internal problems than on 
international affairs. 

He pointed out that the US 
had “a general stance" against 
trying to kill foreign leaders, a 
reference to an executive or- 
der signed by President Ford 
in 1976 and reaffirmed by 

Italy sets 
up Tripoli 
air bridge 

. From John Earle 

* Rome 

. The Italian Government is 
arranging an immediate “air 
bridge" to Libya with the 
national airline Alitalia to 
evacuate Italian citizens who 
want to leave. Signor Claudio 
Signorile, the Minister of 
Transport, said yesterday. 

Libya had given its authori- 
zation. he added, but there 
had been some resistance 
from pilots against flying over 
the area of resent fighting. 

Italy, whit* represents Brit- 
ish interests in Libya, is 
understood to be in touch with 
London about the possible 
evacuation of British subjects, 
but a British Embassy official 

mb, m'&m 

fMi i 

-v ■j&.SS"' 

i; V ; v } % v - * r/4’ *i > ' ; - fi . 

• Security Council debate 

— — ■ * ■ ■ ■■ 

Am erican tourists Paris say* 
cross off Europe 
in fear of reprisal mus t leave 

&>***• v — , 


K K 

A& • ,V ' * 

rv\' v *> - 

From Trevor FisWock, New York 

Terrorism and the fear of "Bat I am ke pt ,b by 
ibyan reprisals are keeping, people wantingtoswiteh from. 
lilUons of Americans at home airlines like TWA to writer 
nd on the ground. airlines. 

They are caffing off their “Of comae, a few people are 
oliday trips to Europe and not frightened- An Israeli 
■e Mediterranean and are woman who books with nsto/a 
pting for tibe places they me that yon have to take nsks; 
Slink are safer. They are she said that as an Israeli she 
raming to fanwh, Alaska, is used 1 to doing that. Bui. 
nd the holiday regions in Americans simply do not have 
heir own country. that sort of background an o 

hey are choosing motoric WLILI 

A "v ..... 

■ T ^ 5* A - . 

Hnndreds of Libyans marching in a funeral in Tripoli yesterday for 20 victims of Tuesday’s bombing raid by US planes. 

Presidents Carter and Reagan. According to newly-released A llSdhfi* roripflATIC rllffnr 

Senator Robert Dole, the Pentagon details of the attack. AII1G S Fua-CDUllS fllil Cr 

Presidents Carter and Reagan. 

Senator Robert Dole, the 
Republican leader of the Sen- 
ate. has joined in introducing 
legislation that would give the 
President vastly increased 
powers to respond to terrorist 
attacks, including possible au- 
thority to order assassinations 
in some cases. 

Counter-terrorist actions 
would be freed from con- 
straints imposed by the post- 
Vietnam War Powers 
Resolution. As it stands, the 

According to newly-released 
Pentagon details of the attack, 
almost a third of the US Air 
Force FI 1 1 bombers sent on 
the raid from Britain aborted 
their mission because of stria 
instructions not to bomb tbeir 
targets unless all equipment 
was functioning perfectly. 

Mr Caspar Weinberger, the 
US Defence Secretary, said 
vesterday that private respons- 

Only 13 of the planes took part es of many allied governments 
in the action. * were very different to their 

statements of many govern- 
ments and their private state- 
ments to us as. to the feelings 
they have in respect to the tact 

would be freed from con- According to the Pentagon, 
straints imposed by the post- 24 Fills flew from Laken- 
Vieinam War Powers bealh RAF station. Five 
Resolution. As it stands, the EFI I Is flew from the base at 
legislation has liule chance of Heyford. Six of the FI 1 Is were 
surviving in the Democrat- spare aircraft but turned back 

were very different to their that somebody has finally taken 
critical public reactions to the strong ^ action against 
raid on Libya (Rodney Cowton terrorism." 
writes). Speaking at a transatlantic 

controlled House 

of once the mission was under 

He said that strains on the 
alliance caused by the raid were 
regrettable, but that it had to be 
borne in mind that “there is a 
difference between the public 


Speaking at a transatlantic 
jness conference by satellite, 
Mr Weinberger said that the 
difference between public and 
private reactions was also ap- 
parent. though to a lesser 
extent, in the Arab workL 

Libyan reprisals are keeping, 
motions of Americans at home 
and on the ground* 

They are calling off their 
holiday trips to Europe and 
the Mediterranean and are 
opting for tire places tfiey 
think are safer. They are 
swarming to Canada, Alaska, 
and tire holiday regions in 
their own country. 

Many people want- nothing 
to do wifli airports or aircraft. 
They are choosing motoring 
holidays — and tire boons of 
'cheap petroL 

Thousands who are sticking 
to their plans to travel to and 
from the U$ are cancelling 
their flights on American air- 
lines and switching instead to 
others they believe more safe. 

A New York travel agent 
said yesterday: “We had writ- 
ten off Greece some time ago. 
Hardly anyone wants to go 
there. Now we End that people 
are cancelling their trips to 
Italy, Spain, Portugal, and 
even France. 

“And ft is not only a matter 
of cancellations: .this year we 
have not had so many book- 
ings in the first place. At this 
time I usually have a huge 
stack of bookings to process. 
This year, hardly any. 

“The effect oo the European 
holiday trade is devastating. 
Fortunately my business is 
ahont 90 per cent business 
travel, and that still remains 
good. _ 

“Businessmen are stm go- 
ing to London because it is 
such an important commercial 
centre, and many of them tack 
on a holiday after the business 
trip. Loudon, Amsterdam and 
Scandanavia are stOl seen as 
being OK. 

From Susan MacDonald 


M Robert Pandraud, the 
French Minister for Security, 
announced here yesterday that 
four Libyan nationals were 
being expelled from France. 

An official statement said 
that their expulsion resulted 
from “movements by the four 
which could be prejudicial to 
public order." 4 

The Interior Ministry gave 
no further official information 
or reasons for the expulsions. 
The Libyans’ identities and 

1 for .In t nt (nmOO 1 Be LlOyaUS 1UC1IUUC9 

trarcLWe are lavras off staff destination were not revealed. 

i^StosE Four unnamed Libyans 
*» Emm thteweb. were booked on a Libyan Arab 

and we have had only six 
bookings to Europe tins week. 
Some people are cancelling 
and saying they do not want to 
go to any country that does not 
support the .United S t ate s ." 

Lost year 6^ milfion Ameri- 
can tourists went to Europe 
and spent more than $10 
bftltba (£6.6 bflfikm). The trav- 
el trade thinks the number 
could be baked this year. 

As secarity measures are 
tightened at American air- 

Airlines flight from Parts to 
Tripoli, however, and these 
last-minute passengers dis- 
placed journalists with tickets 
to Tripoli, despite their firm 

The Libyan People's Bureau 
here said yesterday that they 
did not know the identity of 
the Libyans to be expelled. 

The bureau's secretary, Mr 
Harried el-Houdeiry. dcsc- 

ports, airlines say they are ribed the expulsions • jm i J 
having to spend more on manoeuvre by the American 
secaritv checks. intelligence services to sour 

Pan Am has asked the Libya’s relations with France. 
Government to agree to a $5 He added that the four were 

in public and private —*35.— " 

UN debate exposes extent 
of Gadafffs isolation 

Sir John Thomson, the 
British Ambassador to the 
United Nations, has delivered 
a spirited defence of the US 
raids on Libya and has en- 
joined the entire UN member- 
ship to shun Colonel Gadaffi, 
who. he said, was seeking to 
drape his nefarious activities 
in the colouis of And) and 
Palestinian nationalism. 

Sir John tokl the Security 
Council that terrorism, what- 
ever its political origins, must 
be treated as an act of com- 
mon murder. 

“None should act as if they 
were his accomplices," he 
said, referring to countries 
which, either by their silence 
or through their condemna- 
tion of the American action, 
allowed Colonel Gadaffi to 

Fran Zoriana Pysarivrsky, New York 

he responded in more subdued of the UN Charter, and called 
he tones, illuminating what dip- the raids savage and barbaric. 

LnMrAifl fhn •tAlimi t «rfic rtIM OllUWtU VU1VUVI \JiiUdlU 

a“ri,o„^Tri^".o -S' - ta* -0 ™ 

stay at home and keep in 
touch by telephone with the 
Italian Embassy there. 

The British community in 


The British made their in- 
tervention on the fourth day 
of a council debate in which 
the US and Libya have en- 

Libva is reported to number gaged in rancourous verbal 
about 5.000. There are 8.200 jousting. The rest of the 
Italians. international community has 

US buoys Lisbon TV 
up Hawke workers to 
on Anzus be rehired 

lomats said was at best a 
fundamental ambivalence to 
the Gadaffi regime. ■ 

The general feeling in the 
council chamber is that the US 
action was imprudent and 
unseemly for a superpower, 
but that Libya had brought 
American wrath upon itself. 

Mr Clovis Maksoud, the 
Arab League representative, 
made a statement significant 
for its failure to champion the 
Libyan cause, saying only that 
the “act of aggression . . . was 
not necessary". 

Earlier in the debate, Gener- 
al Vernon Walters, the US 
representative, rebutting Liby- 
an charges that the Reagan 
Administration had resorted 
io stale terrorism in its strikes 
near Tripoli and Benghazi, 
said it was hypocrisy “to 
equate the answer to terrorism 
with terrorism". 

Libya in turn challenged the 
US argument that its forces 
had acted in self-defence un- 
der the appropriate provision 

But had Libya, in requesting 
the council meeting, expected 
to prompt a groundswell of 
anti-American sentiment it 
was undoubtedly disappoint- 

Indeed, America's Europe- 
an allies seemed more dis- 
turbed by the raid than a good 
portion of the Third World, 
where diplomats said Libya's 
isolation was glaringly 

A draft resolution on Thurs- 
day sought to condemn both 
the strikes and the terrorist 
actions which provoked them, 
but the measure was still too 
strong in its censure of the US 
to secure the minimum nine 
voles needed for passage. 

* Sir John said that no one 
doubted the seriousness with 
which the US “rightly regard- 
ed the threat of Libyan 

“Nearly everyone thinks 
Colonel Gadaffi abominable, 
but not everyone is prepared 
to say so, “ 

Sir John Thomson addressing the UN Security ConntiL 

Daughter of Stalin renounces Soviet citizenship 

Svetlana’s love for the US 

From Mohs in Ali 

President Reagan has as- 
sured Mr Bob Hawke, the 
Australian Prime Minister, 
that the US regards his coun- 
try as a responsible Anzus 
ally, an important trading 
partner and a trusted friend. 

The President, in White 
House talks with Mr Hawke 
on Thursday, also expressed 
the hope that New Zealand 
would soon return to its “tradi- 
tional role as a responsible" i 
member of the Anzus (Austin- 1 
lia, New Zealand, United I 
States) alliance. , 

• He said that he would regret 1 
it gredtiy if New Zealand 
declined to take actions that i 
would permit restoration of 
“oar normal collaboration and , 
preservation of our special 
relationship as allies. 

“Whatever New Zealand’s 
decision, however. I have told 
Prime Minister Hawke that 
our commitment to Australia 
under Anns is firm," 

New Zealand's role in 
.Anzus and its ties with the US 
have been damaged severely 
by its Labour Government's 
refusal to allow visits by 
warships carrying nuclear 

Mr Hawke spoke of "our 
frustrations with a market loss 
that has been brought about by 
huge European Community 
agricultural export subsidies". 

The Australian Prime Min- 
ister was leaving for London 
last night for talks 

From Martha de la Cal 

The Portuguese Supreme 
Court has decreed that 22 
workers dismissed )0 years 
ago from stafe television for 
political reasons must be 
rein staled. 

• They must also be reim- 
bursed fully for the wages they 
last during that time. These 
are estimated at about 
£890.000. which would put a 
severe strain on the already 
financially ailing state televi- 
sion company. 

The dismissed people, who 
include a dozen or more 
members of the Communist 
Party and its sympathizers, 
were accused of having taken 
part in an attempted radical 
left military uprising on No- 
vember 25. 1975. 

The uprising was pul down 
by moderate officers headed 
by General RamaJho Eanes, 
who was later elected to two 
terms as president. 

The workers, who included 
three newscasters and several 
heads of department, were 
accused of having placed the 
station at the disposal of the 
radicals during the uprising. 
They were dismissed. 

The accused claimed that 
the station was occupied by 
the armed forces and that the 
radical news bulletins were 
broadcast by a military officer. 

The court ruled in their 
favour for lack of evidence. It 
is unconstitutional to dismiss 
anyone for political reasons. 

Svetlana Alliluyeva, the 
daughter of Joseph Stalin who 
returned quietly to America 
on Wednesday, says that she 
had to leave her adopted 
country for a white to realize, 
“Oh. roy God. How wonderful 
it is". 

She retains her US citizen- 
ship. Her American-born 
daughter. Olga Peters, aged 14, 
returned to school in England 
on Tuesday. 

Miss Alliluyeva, aged 60. 
said that both she and Olga 
had already renounced the 
Soviet citizenships she was 
forced to take up when they 
arrived in Moscow in October 

“After this visit. I don’t 
believe any more that 1 belong 
to both countries." she said. “I 
know that the. people who care 
for me arc in America." 

She was interviewed by 
telephone by a journalist from 
The Washington Post at a 
friend's house in a mid- 

From Mohsin AH, Washington 
the western state on Thursday. 

The interview was published 

Miss . Alliluyeva said that 
personal efforts by Mr Mik- 
hail Gorbachov, the Soviet 
leader, helped her to leave the 
Soviet Union with her daugh- 
ter. But the vital assistance 
came from, the US Consulate 
in Moscow, which had made 
her and Olga understand that, 
as American citizens, they had 
rights and that they could 

She defected to the US in 
1967 but relumed to the 
Soviet Union later, complain- 
ing about life in America. She 
said in the interview that 
living in the Soviet Union had 
disillusioned her. 

She found the country much 
changed. People were “terribly 
embarrassed and afraid" to be 
friends with her. 

Miss AIJiluyeva added: *1 
disliked Moscow tremendous- 
ly 1 didn't feel at all that I 

was torn ' there. 

She found life in Georgia, Oxfam & 
Stalin’s native state, much terday of t 
harder than she expected. She break of di 
was so upset that, she was j 0 pian reft? 
briefly in hospital with a heart growing nu 
condition. the border ( 

She wrote her first letter' to forecast a 
Mr Gorbachov in December, disaster” wi 
saying that “our family circle up' to 
doesn’t need us" and adding: refugees wi 
“Therefore the reason of our unsuitable 
coming isn't really there. So wqjaleh in 
please let us out." lia. Ox tarn : 

Miss Alliluyeva spoke 
frankly on Thursday about the °* ^(Xwo, 1 
press conference she gave in woeK - 
Moscow when she arrived in “They f 
October 1984. in which, she shortage of- 
said she- was the CIA’s pet dog cooking, wa 
and had not bad a single free tation. Unle 
day m 17 years. moved to 

“I wanted to talk and an- camps then 
swer questions. They wanted gers of ^epi 
certain things to be there, cholera,^ 11 
They made me write texts in Drinking 
Russian, which they all ap- brought by 
proved, I felt very awkward. I 1 8 miles aw 
wanted to say simply, ‘I came al rains thn 
to join my children’." Togwajaleh. 

threat to 

Oxfam gave a warning yes- 
terday of an imminent out- 
break of disease among Eth- 
iopian refugees in Somalia as 
growing numbers -flee across 
the bolder (Reuter reports)- It 
forecast a “major human 
disaster” within weeks. 

Up' to 60,000 Ethiopian 
refugees were crowded into 
unsuitable camps at Tog- 
wajaleh in north-west Soma- 
lia, Ox tarn said. The situation 
was worsening with the arrival 
of 4,000-5,000 people every 

America awards its journalistic knighthoods 

Part of Challenger wing found 

Washington - A chunk of cial task force yesterday sent 
Challenger’s right wing bear- to the presidential inves- 
ing the Chitoed and fading tigaging committee a “prelim- 
name of the shuttle has been inary report” on the probable 
retrieved from the Atlantic off causes of the Challenger cx- 
Capc Canaveral Florida, ac- plosion. Details would not be 
cotding to Nasa officials (Our published immediately. 

Own Correspondem writes). Challenger exploded soon 

They said that Nasa's spe- after lift-off on January 28. 

From Trevor Ftshlock 
New York 

The Pulitzer Prize is the 
knighthood of the writing 
trade in America. The very 
name attaches itself to its 
winners like a sticky label and 
guarantees than first the glow 
of acclaim and, in the fullness 
of time, the larger obituary. 

The winners in tbe 70th year 
of the prize were dubbed 
yesterday, receiving due glory 
and 51,000 which, for some, 
helps to offset tbe celebratory 

Sixteen Pulitzer Prizes are 
awarded annually, eight for 
newspaper reporting and oth- 
ers For criticism, cartoons, 
history, biography, poetry, fic- 
tion and music. They were 
instituted by Joseph Pulitzer, 
the Hungarian-boro newspa- 
per magnate who was a pio- 

neer of sensationalism in 
American journalism. 

He was a master of circula- 
tion-boosting, scare headlines, 
sex and scandals, exposes and 
crusades. His sordid and bitter 
circulation battle with William 
Randolph Hearer was a cata- 
lyst in die Spanish- American 


In the rivalry lay the origin 
of tbe term “Yellow Press", 
after the com k strip “The 
Yellow Kid" which was a 
circulation booster mi Mr 
Pulitzer's Nm York World. 

Mr Pulitzer also ran Eunons 
campaigns, including toe one 
which led to the gilding of a 
plinth for the Statue oF liber- 
ty, 100 years old tins year. 

After his warmongering and 
sensationalist period, Mr Pn- 
litzer became a more responsi- 
ble and respectable proprietor. 

fa |903 be endowed Columbia 
University with a fund to 

corruption and incompetence. 
This year the public service 

education". The prizes were 
first awarded in J915, six 
years after his death. 

ed. The Dallas Morning New s 
uncovered racism in bousing 
allocation, and The Philadd- 

The Pulitzers carry great phia Inquirer revealed incom- 
prestige and are almost always petence in toe income tax 

a boost to toe winner’s career. 
John Kennedy's Pulitzer in 
1957 for his book. Profiles In 
Courage* gave impetus to his 
campaign to win the presiden- 
tial ttoannatioa. 

The prizes have always 
reflected a certain courage in 
American journalism and toe 
serious role that the press sees 
for itself under toe Constitu- 
tion. They are awarded regu- 
larly for investigations and 
exposures iff raosm, official 

system which led to reforms. 

Jimmy Breslin, of The Nftv 
York Daily News, won a prize 
for a column which often 
needles toe authorities. He 
has, among other things, been 
criticizing the police for bru- 

The prospect of a Pufitzer 
sometimes dazzles newspa- 
pers. A few years ago a 
Washington Post reporter won 
the prize for an article which 
was a fabrication. . 

to pay for the extra security. 

• The Libyan crisis is starting 
to. hit the British tourist 
industry. It has already suf- 
fered a 25 per cent this 
year over fears of terrorism on 
the streets of London (Michael 
Horsuell writes). 

Tourist sources said yester- 
day that up to 4 per cent of 
Americans already booked to 

residing in France. 

The expulsions come just 
two weeks after France or- 
dered out four people, includ- 
ing two Libyan diplomats, in 
the wake of French intelli- 
gence investigations into pos- 
sible attacks on American 
targets in Europe. 

Speaking on French radio 
yesterday, before the latest 
expulsions 1 were announced. 

. .. — - . CAinuMuub wcic oiiuuuiiwu, 

M Pandraud said: “We have 
rtF* ■ SSL begun to terrorize the terror- 

Mungs u .toe past three ^ \ ^ not ifte Jesus Christ, 

“*'*• if someone gives me a step, I 

Massive ** “ExiSIltions are sometimes 

^ ^ necessary, and we have been 

n A A«mF«T watching the Libyan commu- 

secumv nity m France very closely.” 

he added. 

onH AA ro iat M Jean Bernard Raimond. 

VVi»j Jvl the French External Affaire 
tT ... „ . Minister, will visit Morocco at 

The fost flt^t to the end of next week. 

Bntam since toe US bombing High on his agenda ' is 
raid a rrived at Heathrow Air- ^Heved to be the treaty of 
port yestetxlay to be greeted by uni - on between Morocco and 
armed police in a huge secure ygL 

^ r ihvan Ib ^ of the recent 

1 ^.. ,h r ) 7 l withdrawal of French military 
T 7 -ST towanis observers from Lebanon, the 
towards its pariong area a United Nations is due to make 

a decision on France’s request 

twSL wjfjr 11131 “Pinns mandate for 

Heathrow pier was sealed off he i .mniirnna 

and a team of nearly a dozen 

curity s 

ports Authority se- 
wers brought in 

Flight from 

Nairobi— A chartered plane 
arrived here from Khartoum 
carrying 175 americans, many 
of them women and children, 
evacuated from toe Sudanese 
capital (Charles Harrison 
writes). . 

The evacuation was ordered . 
after the shooting of a US 
Embassy official,* and 
warnings of further attacks. ■ 

its 1,400-strong contingent 
with the UN forces in south 
Lebanon should be extended 
for a two-month period, in- 
stead of the usual six months. 

Envoy seeks 
EEC role 
as mediator 

Athens — Libya urged 
Greece and other European 
Community countries yes- 
terday, to initiate a mediation 
effort to end tension and 
conflict in the Mediterranean 
(Mario Modiano writes). 

The request was conveyed 

Libya support Libyan deputy Foreign Minis- 

Delhi — The Non-aligned ter, to Mr Andreas Papan- 

Movement plans to send a 
team of foreign ministers' to 
Libya shortly to give a public 
demonstration of solidarity 
with the Gadaffi regime. 

Flag protest 

Accra (Reuter) — Ghana- 
ians lore the British flag from 
the High Commission.- build- 
ing in Accra and burned 
effigies of Mrs Thatcher. 

Talks off 

Delhi fReuter) — Vietnam 
has called off talks with the US 
on missing American service- 
men until its attacks end on 

dreou, the Greek Prime 
Minister, in an hour-long 
meeting in Athens. 

He emphasized Tripoli's 
willingness to receive an EEC 
“contact group" and to dis- 
cuss a “peaceful, permanent 
and just solution". 

Greece will probably puL the 
request before Monday's 
meeting of European foreign 
ministers, Butthe idea of me- 
diation was dismissed curtly 
by the US Ambassador to 
Athens. Mr Robert Keeley: 
“We have made quite dear to 
Colonel Gadaffi what we do 
not like about his behaviour. 1 
think he’s got the message. We 

“They face a desperate 
shortage of water for drinking, 
cooking, washing and for sani- 
tation. Unless they are quickly 
moved to more suitable 
camps there are serious dan- 
gers of epidemics, including 
cholera,” ti said. y 

Drinking water had to be 
brought by lorries from wells 
IS miles away, but the season- 
al rains threatened to cut off 

establish prizes “for the eo- award went to The Darter 
craragement of public service, Plat* which exposed tbe myth 
public morals, American liter- that most missing children id 
attire and toe advancement of toe United States are abduef- 

Libya, the Foreign Minister, .do not need anyone to take it 
Nguyen Co Thach, said here, to him-" 

Bank of Scotland 
Base Rate 

Bank of Scotland 
announces that, 
with effect from 
21st April, 1986 
its Base Rate will be 
decreased from 
11.00% per annum 
to 10.50% per annum 




tot ttmpr SATURDAY APRIL 19jM6 



Export sales at a record leveL 


540 % 

+ 44 - 6 % 

329 % 


13 - 5 % 



Jan '86 

Feb ‘86 

Mar '86 










f I M 1 ' . » •> ' ' 







According lo an mdepcndcni surw hy 
The Engineer' magazine. ^Manufacturers dam. 

One of the most astonishing industrial turnabouts 
for generations is gathering speed. It means your next car 
can be better in every way than the <Iriye now. 

And it’s all happening right here in Britain. . 

On the track, and on the road, we’re breaking records . 
at Austin Rover. Where you’ll find Europe’s most effiaent , 
car production line* Where output per worker has doubled 
in six short years.t Where the benefit of this productivity is 
reflected in highly competitive prices. • 

Where advanced technology in design and produc- 
tion ensure performance, quality, comfort, specification 

and value in the car you buy. . ; 

Where rising exports strengthen our place in the mar- 
ket. Last year we exported over 100,000 vehicles — earning 





. ^ 

bver£400 million abroad. Forme 
they’re even higher. V v; - ; 
Achievement^that rhust si 


Each and every ^ini,Meti 
Rover is better than ever before^ 

your motonngneeas: Ana ausounaiy DauKeu^uy^uc 
strongest, most Comprehensive after-safe taie plnns shd 
the strongest dealer ndworkihthecfouritiy.^^ 

can get you motoring at an unexpecteaty;iow cosL - , 

Put us to the test — now! Phone, free b£ charge, o 
0800-400-456, any time. We will be de)%hted W arnmge 
demonstration. Or simply contact your nearest. Anstin 
Roverdealer. ' - ‘ . “ i v 









m constitution 

i to do 
te seals 

Constitutional chan^emi- 

ing entrenched white pariia- 
mentary representation in. 
Zimbabwe wffl be made in the 
next .12 months, the Prime 

Minister, Jvlr Robert Mugabe, 
has ioM the nation, ' 

In z televised broadcast on 
the eve of; the sixth anniversa- 
ry of independence, he said: 
“Racial representation in Par- . 
' foment will just have to go. 
The: phenomenon of racially 
superior and inferior citizens 
is reprehensible to oar concept 
of democracy." 

He referred not only to the 
danse in the Lancaster House 
constitution which guarantees 
20 seats for white VPs in the 
House of Assembly, bat also 
to provisions requiring the 
unanimous . assent of the 
House to make such changes. 

He added, however, that the 
changes would “not abandon 
the ideals of democracy atut 
the fundamental liberties for 
which we struggled so hard". 
Mr Mugabe also took the 

JFrora Jan flMth Harare 

opportunity to attack the out- 
bcret of tribalism in bis-Zann 
pF) Party's leadership that 
^d last week to the dismissal 
from the Politburo of Dr 
Herbert Ushewotocmze, the 
national political commissar. 

The country “would not 
brook” individuals, in the 
party leadership “who seek to 
use tribal appeal for self- 

ngsraodisenieiir,hesai(L ■ 

He said that the feitfo 
hetwen Zaira (PF) and Mr 
Joshua Nkomo’s Zapu- party 
were still on course. But te 
-made dear that such unity 
could only be “within the 
forum of my p a rty”. 

The Government al so an- 
nounced yesterday the second 
five-year economic develop- 
ment plan, which puts empha- 
sis on both- socialist and 
private-sector strategies. It has 
been given a cautions wel- 
come -by -economists for its 
proposed remedies for the 
economy. ' 

Sharpeville unrest 

Rron Michael Hornsby, Gape Town 

The Smith Africa Govern- 
ment has been Mamed in aq 
official inquiry for the unrest in 
Sharpeville and otter Mack 
townships along theVaal River 
in September 1984 which, pre- 
cipitated country-wide violence 
that has. cfcrimm more than 

1^00 fives. 

Jhe report, tabled in parlia- 
ment - thk week, finds that < 
although “agnation ■ anrf m- 1 
tmudation" played an impor- 
tant part, titty were hot the . 
mam cause of the- violence — 
contrary to dahns by Pretoria. 

It says that the ^incompre- 
hensible lade of sensitivity mid 
communication” shown by the 
ainh f wjtips created a crisis that 
could have been avoided 

“Alarm " aignah were dos- 
garded; legitimate grievances fell 
upon deaf , earar mistrust and 
suspicion mounted visibly; and 
sooner or later the situation 
amply bad to explode. . 

“Since other channels trere 
blocked or non-existent, the 
schools were, -nextlo:tte labour 
force, the obvious means by 
whidi to try to regjsjff # protest 
through strikes, lwootts and 
stay-aways*, the csjxKl states. 

The report prepared by Pro 
fessorTJaart vandiTWaltoflhc 
University of Ftitdidstrodim 
urges the Government' fo start 
teaching whites about ibe prob- 
lems faced by urban Macks. \ 

The release of report has , 
coincided with moves by the 
Pretoria Government to tty to 
break the rent boycott in' the 
Vaal River townships qnd 

dsewtere-The amrt amo unt 
owingis unknown, as the au- 
thorities refuse 10 divulge' infor- 
mation about rent arrears, but a 
conservative , estimate is SO 
miDioo rand (about £17 


Two killed 

Two Hack men have beat 
’killed and a white man 
stabbed and badly iqjned in 
coataramg township sorest 
(Ray Kennedy writes front 
-^teaesburg).'' Po&e- diet 
dead oat Mack man, and the 
other was IriBed by a mob near 
Lydenbmg h the Eastern 
Transvaal, where youths 
stoned bases- and attacked 
policemen’s tenres. 

The white man. was stabbed 
m ttebbefc township afMara- 
ekxti, onfsade Pretoria. It is net 

known why he was m the area. 

' ’% . 


The draft of the Black Local 
Authorities Amcnctoeni Bifl, 
jus* published, makes provision 
for. JocaE a uthoriti es. to- force 
white employers to dock rent 
payments of up to 25 per cent 
ban the wagesof ffior black 
employees, andto hand them 
over. This would seem to be a 
recipe for provoking further, 
violence. ■ ' • 

^pc3ceanen‘forthe Federated 
Chamber of. Industries and the 
Associated Chambers of have, 
both denounced foe draft Bin as 
a move to turn employers into 
"tentcoDectDis for the state". 

Hanoi’s ‘young guard’ 

From NeR KeDy, B an gk ok 

The West should be able to 
do good business politically 
and ecoDomkally with the 
younger men now rising to 
power hr Vietnam, according 
to Sir Anthony Kershaw, 
chairman of a British Parlia- 
mentary Select Co mm ittee on 
Foreign Affairs which has 
been visiting Vietnam. 

The young men they bad. 
met in Hanoi were “highly 
competent” and much more 
interested . in their country’s 
economic plight than were the 
“old guard”. 

Speaking here after return- 
ing from Vietnam, Sir Antho- 
ny said, that the younger 
ministers - and officials were 
ready to talk, more openly 
ihaq be had been led to believe 
about economic problems, a 
settlement in Cambodia, and 
relations with' the Soviet 
Union. .... 

The old guard te had met, 
including Mr Pham Van 

Dong, the.veteran Prime Min- 
ister, ■ concentrated on con- 
demning China and landing 
the Soviet Urnon. 

The British MPs had gained 
the impression; Sir Anthony 
said, that the Russians were 
content with the status quo in 
Cambodia, as it unbalanced 
China, and guaranteed them 
military bases in Vietnam. 
“But if. .the Vietnamese 
stopped making feces at 
China," te said, “they might 
make more progress*" 

Sir Anthony said that the 
Vietnamese had described 
Britain as the most stem of all 
Western nations in its attitude 
towards aid. for Vietnam. -He 
had tokl them that there 
would be hone until they left 

The British MPs said that 
the Vietnamese were not ner- 
vous about the military situa- 
tion in Cambodia. 

Seoul students in battle with police 

v * 

It aims at a moderate 
average annual growth of 
gross .domestic product of 
about 5 per cent a year, the 
slashing of foreign debts and 
the budges deficit, and consid- 
erable Government invest- 
ment in (he productive 

The first five-year plan, 
launched in 1981, was criti- 

" 4 gr~”. .. jAa\ ft- -. ? 

■ • » * 

V-i, ( 

. *e : 


unrest in Mataheldand. 

In a foreword to the new 
plan, Mr Mugabe describes it 
as “a key instrument in the 
continuing transformation of 
our society from the old order 
to a socialist society." 

It envisages a gradual in- 
crease in state control of 
strategic private industries. A 
substantial private sector 
would be allowed to continue, 
but within slate objectives. 

Hope still 
on Palme 

From Christopher Mosey 

The man leading the police 
bunt for the assassin of Olof 
Palme, the Swedish Prime 
Ministar said yesterday that 
there were still “good chan- 
ces" of solving the crime. 

Mr Hans Holmer, the Stoc- 
kholm police chief said: “We 
believe that oar efforts will be 
crowned oath success. It is not 
time we are working against; it 
is the impatience of ethers." 

This would seem to te a 
reference to the announce- 
ment this week by Mr Sten 
Wickbom, the Justice Minis- 
ter, that an independent com- 
mission of inquiry would be 
appointed to look into the 
police hunt- 

There has been severe press 
criticism of police inefficien- 
cy, most of it concentrated on 
the hours immediately follow- 
ing the assassination in central 
Stockholm on February 28. 

Mi- Holmer said that the 
assassin was “an experienced 
marksman but not an habitual 

He described the man as 5 ft 
I I in tail, about 40 years old, 
powerful, compact and cooL 
“He did not rush immediately 
from the place. He felt he had 
the situation under control,” 
Mr Holmer said. 

France’s top 
dies aged 94 

' Paris - M Marod Dassault, 
one ofFrance’s foremost avia- 
tion pioneers, died in the 
American Hospital here early 
yesterday (Susan McDonald 
writes). He was 94. 

.' The founder- of the aircraft 
company which bears his 
1 name, M Dassault is reputed 
to have been the richest man 
in France. He became a legend - 
in his lifetime because of his 
feats in aeronautical en- 

He was also a right-wing 
parliamentary deputy and 
founder of the magazine Jours 
de France. 

Obituary, page 19 


Sooth Korean students demanding 
President Chon's resignation 
hurling petrol bombs and stones in 
a running battle with riot police In 
Seoul yesterday. 

Polke fired tear gas to disperse 
the students, who were dem- 
onstrating on the eve of the 
anniversary of the 1960 student 

uprising that toppled Syngman 
Rfaee, Sooth Korea's first Presi- 
dent (Renter reports). 

About 4,000 students from Ko- 
rea University took part in a six- 
mile protest ran which ended at a 
memorial to the uprising. Wit- 
nesses said that another 2,000 
students clashed with hundreds of 

police at other universities. The 
main opposition New Korea 
Democratic Party is to hold a 
major rally in Taejon today. 

• Brussels: President Chun flew 
home at- the end of a 12-day 
European tour, which took him to 
London, Bonn and Paris and then 

Gorbachov proposes troop 
cuts and on-site inspection 

Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, yesterday put 
forward what te described as 
serious proposals to cut con- 
ventional troops from the 
Atlantic 10 the Urals, and 
offered the possibility of on- 
site inspection. It was a ges- 
ture apparently intended to 
show that East-West relations 
have not been completely 
fractured by the US attack on 

The offer, surprising though 
vague, was presented by Mr 
Gorbachov at the East Ger- 
man Communist Party con- 
gress in the Kremlin leader's 
first major speech since the 
Libyan crisis. The tone of his 
speech, though sharply critical 
of the Reagan Administration 
and its supporters in Europe, 
was aimed at. trying to lower 
the international temperature. 

The raid on Libya was 
mentioned alongside the con- 
tinuation of US nuclear tests 
and American support for the 
Nicaraguan Contras as just 
one example of how Washing- 
ton was trying to undermine 
the “spirit of Geneva". 

Soviet American relations, 
and East-West dialogue in 
general, could not, he said, te 
isolated from American action 
elsewhere in the world “In 
Washington, in the European 

From Roger Boyes, East Berlin 

capitals, one must be dear that 
such actions will do direct 
damage to US-Soviet and 
East-West dialogue." 

But Moscow, he declared, 
was still concerned to stretch 
out its hand rather than to 
present a clenched fist 
The arms control offer — 
described by Western analysts 
yesterday as a “new impulse 
rather than a fully-fledged new 
proposal” — contains some 
concessions on verification. 

“The USSR proposes sub- 
stantial reduction of all com- 
ponents of land forces and 
tactical aircraft based -in Eu- 
rope, including the relevant 
parts of American and Cana- 
dian forces deployed there. 

“The military units should 
be dissolved and their arma- 1 
meats either destroyed or put ; 
into storage on their national 
territories. The scope of the 
reductions must obviously < 
cover the whole of Europe, \ 
from the Atlantic to the 
Urals," he sakL 
Verification could be guar- 
anteed by “national technical" 
means and international in- 
spection, including, if neces- ; 
sary, on-site inspection, te 
said. “In short, this is a serious 
negotiation offer”. 

Moscow was also about to < 
make new proposals aimed at 

for SDI 
leak mole 

securing an agreement ban- 
ning chemical weapons, he 
told the congress. 

The East Germans listened 
intensely to the speech for 
clues as to whether the Krem- 
lin now approves of a trip to 
Bonn by the East German 
leader. Herr Erich Honecker. 
For ordinary East Germans 
such a summit holds out the 
promise of better travel condi- 
tions. The signals, however, 
were confused. 

“lt is impossible to detect 
the logic in West German 
politics," Mr Gorbachov said. 
But despite the presence of 
American missiles in West 
Germany and Bonn's support 
for the Star Ware programme, 
Moscow was still prepared to 
develop “mutually advanta- 
geous relations’ 1 with Bonn. 

This last bint has been 
interpreted by some West 
German analysts as the Soviet 
go-ahead for a cautious, 
unblinkered summit meeting 
between East and West Ger- 
many. East European sources 
even speculate that the Soviet 
leader is preparing the way for 
a trip to Bonn himself. 

Despite its support of the 
US attack on Libya, Britain 
came in for no serious criti- 





Rome ( UPO “ Police acting 
on a tip from the Dnig 
Enforcement Agency yester- 
day recommended the expul- 
sion or three Syrian Embassy 
officials for using diplomatic 

immunity to smuggle drugs. 

The three, who were not 
named, brought several hun- 
dred pounds of heroin into 
Italy over five months. It was 
hidden in the false bottoms of 
cars driven across the Yugo- 
slav frontier or transported 
aboard ships from Greece. 

Officers arrested 15 other 
people, including three other 
Syrians, three Egyptians and 
several Italians, on charges of 
being part of a heroin gang. 

Battle closes 

Dhaka — An agricultural 
university at Mymensingh in 
central Bangladesh has been 
dosed for two months after a 
gun battle between pro and 
anti-election activists in which 
17 students were wounded 
(Ahmed FazJ writes). 

Rivai student groups are 
campaigning for and against 
the parliamentary election 
scheduled for May’ 7. 

Accidents kill 
27 Indians 

Delhi (AP) - At least 16 
people drowned when their 
boat capsized in the Beas river 
in Himachal Pradesh state. 
Five survived. 

In southern Karnataka 
state. II people were killed 
and four were injured when a 
lorry 'in which they were 
travelling hit a culvert. 

' Bonn (Reuter) - The West travelling hit a culvert. 

German Government was try- lrtllnOTrv 

ing yesterday to track down . JLPdiT lkll£Jt£ig 
the source or a potentially Bilbao (Reuter) - Senor 
damaging leak of confidential Daniel Zormrua. a 33-year- 
accords with the United States qjj Bilbao bar owner, has been 
on President Reagan's Straie- s h 0 t dead. Police have de- 
gic Defence Initiative. taineA his partner. 

The complete texts of the 7 w. ti“x 1 j 

two accords, governing condi- B-ffrOmfO ffOiCE 
tions for West German com- Z~ “ & . 

panies wishing to take part in Tokyo (Reuter) A gold 
the SDI research drive for com irrupted to mark the «hh 
space-based missile defences, anniversary of Emperor Hiro- 
were published in full by the £ ll ° s reign could help to rat 
popular newspaper Express. Japan s trade surplus, bulhon 
(Copies of covering letters to dealers said It will be issued 
the accords were also given to ,n No v cmber. 

Reuter bv the magazine Bon- rj ju ii . 1JL » - 

nerEnergie Report, which said 1101116 <U l<iSt 
it would publish them on Jakarla (Reuter) _ Th e 

International Red Cross is 
u Th ®. “? n ° mics Muust <** repatriating about 400 former 
Hen-Martin Bangemann, who p^y^ese civil servants and 
signal the agreements in their families from East Timor 
Witshmgton °n March 27 wilh ,, yeare , fter Ind(racsja M . 
the US Defence Secretary, Mr the colonv 

Caspar Weinberger, said that nCTCfl we co,ony> 
their publication could dam- Caq nmsroi* 
age German interests. jJUWtl 

An Economics Ministry Tokyo (AFP) - The offi 
spokesman said that all offi- Metaland Mining agency h 
dais who had copies of the has completed what it clai 
texts would have to sign is the world’s first test plan 
statements saying that they promote research on recov 
had not leaked them. Prosecu- of uranium from seawater, 
lore were also examining _ 

whether charges could be IN 111 ffOOuS 
hrnueht aeainsi anvone found J 

Sea power 

Tokyo (AFP) — The offirial 
Metal and Mining agency here 
has completed what it claims 
is the world’s first test plant to 
promote research on recovery 

Leading article, page 9 brought against anyone found 

Finnish president ‘strike-breaker’ 

Helsinki (Reuter) — The country two days ago. Presi- 
strike-hit Helsinki airport re- dent Koivisto landed at the 
opened yesterday as a union airport with the help of non- 
leader accused President Koi- union labour when be re- 

visto of being involved in 
strike-breaking by landing 
there with non-union help. 
The airport was closed two 

turned yesterday from a visit 
to Yugoslavia. 

“The President is the first 
person to land at an airport 

weeks ago by. a pay srnke by which is being kept open with 
42,000 state workers which scab labour," Mr Kerjo 

disrupted other public ser- Rani 
vices around Helsinki and quol 
spread to the rest of the Tb 

into! a, the strikers' leader, is 
toted as saying. 

The strike has also dosed 

railways, and the authorities 
are looking at ways of reopen- 
ing traffic with the Soviet 
Lfoion to reduce damage to 
Finnish-Soviet trade. 80 per 
cent of which is transported by 

Building workers in the 
south joined the strike yester- 
day and electrical workers 
threatened to extend their 
stoppage to nuclear power 
stations on Tuesday. 


The US Embassy in Bonn 
declined to comment, but a 
senior West German govern- 
ment official said that the 
leake was certain to cause 
anger in Washington. 

Herr Bangemann on Thurs- 
day rejected opposition de- 
mands to make the accords 
public, saying that Washing- 
ton was insisting that they 

Suva (AFP) — At least six 
people died, several are miss- 
ing and scores injured in 
floods and landslides around 
the Fijian capital after torren- 
tial rains. 

Black marks 

Los Angeles (UPI) — Two 
former University of Southern 
California students and a man 
who worked in the records 

remain confidential in viewof 

X >ita oTbU?£r,l SdI breaking into the universes 

Relaxed monarchy wins Spanish hearts 

From Richard Wigg 

King Juan Carlos and Queen 
Sofia, who begin a three-day 
state visit to Britain on Tuesday, 
are a remarkable couple who f: 
havecontributed fundamentally | 
to the new democratic Spain 
they will be representing. 

Their 10-year-dd reign has 

helped to create Spam’s success- 
ful parfiameotaiy democracy. 

To achieve this, Kite Juan 
Carlos and Queen Sofia have 
fer^d a new style of popular 
monarchy for a country 

epitomised in the past as having 
had etiqueawjdden. stuffy and gjgg ? 

remote monarchies. It is this. 
style which has captured the Greek 

imaginati on of miliums of pro vise. 

King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia: a break with foe past 

Greek princess, had to im- about surrounded by about SO 


With effect from the 
close of business on 
riday, 18th April, 1986, 
iid until further notice 
TSB Base Rate 
is decreased from 
.00% p.a. to 10.50% p a. 

All (including regulated consumer 

drt agreements) with a rate ^ inte 2? ^ ceci 

to TSB Base Rate wi2 be varied accordingly. • 

^ 33 ‘ 

Informality is its essence, and 
very much the conscious cre- 
ation of the King and Queen, ft 
is undoubtedly based on the 48- 
year-old King's robust common 
sense, his open and strikingly 
frank manner in all personal 
Amhng i and in die royal 
couple's disciplined effort to 
adapt a monarchy to contempo- 
rary needs and feelings about 
such an institution. 

Behind die informality, how- 
ever, the King and Queen are 

They" have leaned valuable 
lessons from their task of 
restoring a monarchy after the 
death of the dictator Franco in 
November 1975’ when, apart 
from a tiny minorizy of ageing 

monarchists, the Spanish people 
were at best completely 

After a 44-year break, which 
began when lhe King’s graidfe- 
ther, Alfonso XDL, suddenly 
abdicated and ushered in the 
Second Republic, King Juan 
ratios and his wife, a former 

the Spanish people would like; 
and this is where they have 
synchronized outstandingly 
with the freer social ways of 
post-Franco Spain. 

1 .On a royal tour within Spam 
itself the King usually moves 

This, they had its journalists, worried security 

advantages, relieving tiiwp of men — and ordinary Spaniards 
some oftte dutter of protocol who believe they have a perfect 
and ritual of the cAder-eaab- right to shake his hand, 
lished monarchies. They have The royal household is small 
pul back only what they thought -fewer than 50 all tokl -with a 
the Spanish people wouki like; former CSvff Guardsman doing 
and this is where they have all cooking for other than state 
synchronized outstandingly occasions, 
with the freer soda! ways of The Queen has no ladies-in- 
post-Franco Spain. waiting (and recently refused the 

.On a royal tour wnhm Spam offer of one) and the couple 
itself; the King usually moves have lived in the Zarzuela 

Palace, a former royal hunting 
lodge about 30 minutes' drive 
outside Madrid, all their mar- 
ried fife. It is surrounded by a 
par k with deer and wild boar 
and is good for birtFwaiching. 

After 40 years in exile the 
Spanish royal family is not rich. 
Something which strikes any 
Briton about the new monarchy 
is the absence of a supportive 
aristocracy. There are a few 
aristocrats on the King's person- 
uier . al staff but most of Spain's 
STATE Viol ■ ancient nobility is either critical 
OF SPAIN’S or goes hs own way. 
ifiufk Alin AlfCCRI One of the lessons which the 

KING ANP KUfcfcM «>yal My. meditating in exile, 


drew from AJfonso XHTs reign 
was that it had been by the 
aristocracy to further its own 

The British and Spanish royal 
famili es are personally very 
dose: the Queen, the Duke of 
Edinburgh- King Juan Carlos 
and Queen Sofia are aD descend- 
ed from Queen Victoria. “My 
cousins,” says the King when 
making a general reference to 
many of Europe’s crowned , 

Even in royal circles success is 
important, and King Juan ; 
Carlos's reputation shot up after 
his almost single-handed rescue 
of Spain's new democracy after ! 
the 1981 coup attempt. 

Security has restricted the . 
couple's life severely in recent | 
years. But to keep contact the i 
King sometimes dines out in 
Madrid restaurants and also 
meets regularly outside the 
palace with a group of profes- 
sional and business people who 
were his contemporaries at 
Compiutcnse University in 

The Queen, a keen music- 
lover. also appears unexpectedly 
at concerts. 

Both visited Britain privately 
several tunes, the King for the 
first time at the age of nine in 
1947 when be was brought to 
London by his grandmother 
living in exile. 

The Queen, who a few years 
ago opened a Murillo exhibition 
in London, has often attended 
family occasions and once 
dipped out to join a bus queue 
and go on a tourists’ London 
sightseeing tour. 

The royal couple speak good 
English: il was the language they 
had to use when they first met, 
because the Queen did not 
know Spanish. 

participation agreements. 

The two accords in question 
are a “Joint Understanding of 
Principles" on bilateral tech- 
nology transfer, and a “Mem- 
orandum of Understanding" 
covering participation by 
West German firms in the SDI 

West Germany is the sec- 
ond US ally after Britain to 
sign an SDI pact But it has i 
declined any state role in a 
move to smooth divisions in 
Bonn’s coalition Government 
over the strategic and political 
wisdom of the research 

breaking into the university's 
computer and changing grades 
for fees up to $2,000. 

Puppet time 

Osaka (AFP) — More than 
100 puppeteers from eight 
countries are to take part in an 
international festival here 
next week. 

Off the road 

Kampala (AFP) - The 
Uganda Government has im- 
pose! a 10 pm to 7 am curfew 
on all motor traffic in its 
efforts to check vehicle theft in 
the capital. 

Barclays Bank PLC and 
Barclays Bank Trust 
Company Limited 
announce that with effect 
from 21st April 1986 
their Base Rate will be 
decreased from 11% to lOVWo. 


Reg. Otficr 54 Lombard Si . ECJP 3 AH. Reg. No i 1026167 and 9MS80. 



Simon Barnes 

Caught in 
the wake 

The Australians are being just the 
slightest bit u nb earable about the 
America’s Cm At a recent lunch 
their top vacating men assessed 
the chances of all those who suQ 
have their hats in the ring and — 
shock, horror — they made the 
Australian Alan Bond syndicate 
the top boat with 70.8 marks out 
of 80, narrowly ahead of the 
leading American contender. The 
Royal Thames Yacht Club entry. 
Crusader, was way down the table 
with 55.6. 

Marks were awarded in various 
categories and then totted up. 
Here they are, with British marks 
first and the Australian marks in 
brackets Administration 5.6 (9); 
Hull and Keel 7.8 (8.8); Sails 6.6 
(9£ Skipper 8 (9); Crew 7.6 (8.6); 
Computer 6.2 (8.8); Motivation 8 
(9 Y, Business acumen 5.8 (9£ The 
last mark seems a bit rough: the 
British contingent raised the 
money — £3 million — for their 
challenge by selling shares in their 
syndicate on the Unlisted Securi- 
ties Market and under the Busi- 
ness Expansion Scheme. I would 
have thought that rated at least 9.5 
for enterprise. 


If marks had been awarded for 
foresight, St Francis, a yacht from 
the west coast of America, would 
probably have finished with a 
minus score. All America's Cup 
entries must be built to Lloyd’s 
rules, but the St Francis people 
were in such a hurry to get their 
boat finished in time for the 
launch party that they forgot to get 
Lloyd’s to check the welding. 
When Lloyd's were finally called 
in they had to do the checking by 
X-ray, and promptly failed 70 per 
cent of the work. All the paint and 
filler had to be scraped off. the 
welding redone, and the finish 
reapplied. When the work had 
been done it was found that the 
brat did not meet the required 
measurements, so the bow was 
chopped off and a new one stuck 
on. All this monkeying about has 
distorted the boat and affected the 
handling. It is, as the yachting 
chaps say, “an absolute dog". 

• For Qnmtenthmal irony, South 

Li ( i v: ■ c i'i rWi i.'j.iV) (' fra Tj 

Board has jnst announced: “Let us 
forget the trials, tribulations and 
disappointments of 1985. Only 
time will tell what the year ahead 
has in store for os at international 
LeveL” Quite. 


Not everyone knows that this is 
the tenth anniversary season of 
the Optimists Cricket Club of 
Luxembourg. In what are, to say 
the least, unpromising circum- 
stances, the Optimists have 50 
active members, play every week- 
end of the season against oppo- 
nents from all over Britain and 
have a bandy junior section. So 
handy, in met. that they have 
managed to get cricket cm to the 
curriculum at their local school. 


'Perhaps yon could just cough 
regularly . . .* 

Knott out 

Alan Knott, that great wicket 
keeper and snapper-up of un- 
considered trifles, retired at the 
end of last season. No, he says, 
definitely notjuid no way, will he 
play any cricket whatsoever next 
season. As he develops his busi- 
ness interests, he says he will miss- 
“only certain parts" of a pro- 
fessional cricketer’s life. He may 
decide to coach in September — 
but even that is highly uncertain. 

Hit and miss 

Today Great Britain play their 
first women's rugby international 
against the ferocious femmes of 
France. Despite the intimidating 
thought of playing such names as 
Marie-Paule Gracieux and 
Christelle Henry, the British are in 
bullish mood for iheir match, 
which will be at Richmond Ath- 
letic Ground at noon. “The bad 
weather could help us", said Triria 
Moore, a dashing forward from 
Finchley." Frtfnchmen hale soggy 
pilches, and I hear the women are 
the same." 

Jump to it 

The Tote is running a book on the 
Badminton Three Day Event, 
which goes into the cross country 
phase today. Favourite at the off 
was 6-1 Night Cap (Ginny Leng, 
nec Holgate); 7-1 Michaelmas Dav 
(Mark Todd); 10-1 J J Babu (Bruce 
Davidson). Shannagh (Lucinda 
Green) and Sir Wattie (Ian Stark). 
I’ll put my shirt on Lucinda. 

Through the heal and dust of tbe 
p ri son officers* dispute a sharp 
change in policy can be discerned, 
taking the Home Office back in a 
cirde to the early days of Wiffie 
WhitetoW* t enure ns Home Seo* 

The Home Se cre t ar y ship of 
Leon B rit tan , 1983-85. b starting 
to look tike e rather unfortunate 
imawgm a. with the tnre c otocri 


wbite&nr end (he e mo fli sm (sod 
edeetk) Douglas Hurd. 

If leaden esfthe Prison Officers* 
Association take op their 

u Miwi fc f | y* iwamip w pud all mdu*. 
trial action, Hurd will — lit- 
erally— open tbe prison doors. 
The contingency plan is to release 
possibly several thousand pris- 
oner* convicted of non-violent 
o ffe nce s. The aim win be to make 
the prisons more manageable, less 
vulnerable to disruptive action by 
the POA. It will be presented as an 
emergency measure but will signal 
a permanent change. Many of 
those released will not return. 

“We need to make further- 
efforts to persuade the courts that 
there axe alternatives to custody,” 
Hurd told the Commons .on 
Thursday. An heretical thought 
for a government committed to 
law and order. He is urging the 
criminal justice system to recon- 
sider community service, more 
probation, greater use of fines. 

At the very least here is a change 
of lone. Letting prisoners out of 
jail sits uneasily with the recent 
hard speeches by Norman Tebbit 
on crime and permissiveness. Tbe 
association, so often made, be- 
tween rising crime and harsh 
sentences is about to be defin- 
itively broken. Quite apart from 

David Walker ontllires an tmexpected likely 
result of the warders* industrial dispute 

Why prison 
sentences face 
a full stop 

anything else, this episode wifi 
sharpen tbe submerged rivalry 
between two contenders for the 
succession to Mrs Thatcher. 

The context of the dispute is 
financial and managerial. One of 
Mrs Thatcher's achievements has 
been to instil into the public sector 
the need better to relate inputs of 
public money and outputs of 
service, whether in education, 
housing or general administration. 

But, until now, tbe government 
has trodden gingerly in applying 
the maxim to its favoured public 
servants — police, firemen, and 
prison officers. The efficiency of 
the police, and the odd connexion 
between increasing numbers of 
police officers and rising crime 
rates, has been dangerous terri- 
tory, even for Treasury ministers 
otherwise fearless in their pursuit 
of value for money. 

Tbe Home Office has not 
exactly provided a ready home for 
efficiency scrutinies. But sooner or 
later the costs and benefits of the 

prison service would have at- 
tracted the managerialists. It has 
come sooner, because Leon* 
Brittan wrote a very expensive 
blank cheque. - 

Under his aegis prison doors 
were opened to ail comers. The 
courts were encouraged to follow 
their own bent in sentencing and 
the number of admissions to 
prison leapt - last year by 10,000 
over 1984. The average annual 
prison population snow a record 

The Brittan r espo n s e to rising 
numbers was to build. But new 
building has doiie nothing to cut 
the high unit costs of imprison- 
ment. Here is where the efficiency 
. scrutineers come in. Not only are 
there more prisoners to maintain 
but the maintenance of each has 
become more expensive: It has 
long been dear that prison costs 
are due to staff costs, and they arc 
unacceptably high because of the 
way the prisons are managed. 
Prisons are a cynosure of the 

British industrial disease of exces- 
sive overtime. In many _ jails, 
changes in manning arc subject to 
a POA veto. ’ , . 

To try to stem the nse in costs, 

Chris Train, director goreral of the 

prison Service, has tried to give 
each prison an individual cash 
limit. End of overtime; beginning 
of dispute. 

. The government now has a 
choice. It wifi of course attempt, 
over the longer run. to cap prison 
costs, and a showdown with the 
prison officers might help (though 
the strike could be . politically 
damaging and there will be pres- 
sure in the Cabinet to buy off the 
discontent). In the short run. Hard 
will have 10 consider measures to 
cut the prison population. 

Here the liberal critics and the 
financial hawks come together. If 
prisons cannot be run cheaply and 
efficiently, say the hawks, then 
alternatives must be found. Prison 
is a cruel and unusual punish- 
ment, say the penal liberals, and 
for a large category of crimes there 
are alternative ways of punishing. 
Whoever Hurd listens to, be has 
no choice but to concede part of 
the prison reformers' agenda. 

So he reissues The Sentence eg 
' the Court, a sentencing manual in 
abeyance for five years which puts 
emphasis on financial penalties 
and noo-custodial options. He has 
already begun making the sort of 
speech discouraging prison sen- 
tences which is intend ed to b e duly 
taken down by magistrates and 
Grown Court recorders and used 
in evidence when they come to the 
end of a trial. Efforts will be made 
to keep up a pretence the word 
“tough” wifi still figure mightily in 
speeches. But prison reform has 
arrived, albeit by the back door. 


Andrew Gimson meets some thrusting, new-style Tory women 

Hatless to the very heights 

“High-flying women are still thin 
on the ground,” Miss Emma 
Nicholson informed me. We were 
'at the Tory party’s High Flier 
Conference at the Barbican. Apart 
from myself -and I bad been 
invited strictly as an observer — 
the 300 assembled high fliers were 
all women. 

“How do you become a high 
flying woman?” I timidly asked 
one of them. “Strong wings," she 
briskly replied. 

I turned to Miss Nicholson for 
enlightenment. Her full title is 
“Vice-Chairman of the Conser- 
vative Party with responsibility 
for women." 

“This is my exercise in elitism.” 
she explained. “These are excep- 
tional women.. Most exceptional 
women tend to be in the Tory 

Perhaps some of them joined 
the SDP? I hazarded. 

“Very few women in the Alli- 
ance are genuine achievers,” Miss 
Nicholson said sternly. “They 
tend to be media women. This 
conference is not just a fun day. 
It’s a day for serious work." 

And work, was the word I heard 
most often from the high flying 
women, most of whom were under 
40. “The new Tory women aren’t 
Ascot-going. They are hard-work- 

the same," said the first high flier I 
encountered. I saw from her 
expression that she had realized I 
would never make a new Tory 

As if to reinforce the point, the 
next high flier I met, the managing 
director of Daryl Industries Lim- 
ited, told me, quite modestly, dial 
she “works extremely hard.” She 
had left school in Toxteth at the 
age of 16 and is now, at the age of 
37, managing director of a firm 
making shower units in Wallasey, 
employing 70 people. “Hard work 
doesn't bother me,” she patiently 
reiterated when I asked her how 
she ted done it. 

She ted come to the conference 
at tbe invitation of her MP, Lynda 
Chalker, to sec whether the Tory 

More than 150,000 pieces of 
Chinese porcelain, 125 gold bars 
and a miscellany of other relics go 
on exhibition today at Christie's in 
Amsterdam in advance of a five- 
day auction beginning on April 28. 

The items were once the cargo 
and crew’s belongings of the 
Dutch East Indiaman Gelder- 
malsen, which sank in the South 
China Sea on January 4, 1 752 only 
a few days after leaving Canton. 

The Dutch East India Com- 
pany — with warehouses all over 
the East and an Eastern head-, 
quarters in Batavia (now Ja- 
karta) - earned enormous wealth 
for tbe homeland's city states. 
Every transaction, however mi- 
nor, was documented by an army 
of clerks, and the records have 
yielded a detailed history of the 
wrecking of the Geldermalsen. 

it was about 7 pm on January 3, 
1752 - and already dark — when 
boatswain Urban us Urban: no- 
ticed waves breaking on a reef 
ahead of the ship. His shout to the 
helmsman was too late to save the 
ship from running aground. Cap- 
rain Morel adjusted the sails to 
carry the Geldermalsen off the 
reef, but in tbe confusion he set the 
course southward — and another 
disastrous collision. 

A lifeboat and barge were 
lowered from the stern with 
Cristoffel van Dijk, the second 
boatswain, in charge. The ship's 
papers were passed down to him. 
The chest of gold was hurried up 
from the hold, but never reached 
the boats. It may have fallen over 
the side, for it was eventually 
found some way from the main 
cargo. Half an hour after midnight 
the ship capsized and sank. Only 
32 of the 112 people on board 

All they had to eat were a barrel 
of ship's biscuits and a live piglet 
In Batavia, which the boats 
reached on January 10, Van Dijk, 
as the senior officer among the 
survivors, was severely rep- 
rimanded for leaving tbe ship so 
soon. It is to ms thorough 
interrogation by Company officers 

"C- V'TI 

e=e^ / See go peo^/e 
j are here beem/st of 
j cohneoh'ohs ! - 

party had acquired a different 
image from “broad-brimmed hats 

l l-rt . _ _I J M TP!. L-J 

she might be prepared to get 

It has. Only one head in 300 was 
adorned by a hat “Is that the 
woman who wore a hat at 
SolibulL” my neighbour asked in 
some vexation. She explained 
that at a recent young women's 
conference at Solihull, only two 
women had worn hats, and that 
the only pictures which appeared 
in the press had been of those two 
women. How could the party 
acquire a new image if journalists 
were so determined to stick to the 
old stereotypes? 

The new women in the Tory 
party, or the high fliers among 
them, devotely wish to be hadess, 
and indeed classless. “We want 
normal women.” one delegate told 

Geraldine Norman matches the records 
with the shipwreck treasure trove 

New finds in the 
great china sale 

Sneak preview . . . part of Hatcher's porcelain h«d before it 
was lifted from the bottom of the Sooth China Sea 

that we owe our precise knowledge 
of the ship's last hours. 

In an extraordinary collabora- 
tion between Christian JOig, the 
keeper of the Grbniager Museum 
in Groningen. Netherlands, and 
Captain Michael Hatcher — who 
last year salvaged the major part of 
the ship's cargo— new life has 
been breathed into the meticulous 
records of the Dutch East India 
Company. J6rg fans compiled a 
book maiching up the booty raised 
from the sea-bed with the instruc- 
tions sent out from Holland for 
loading the ship, the records of its 
trading activities in the East and 
iKe schedules of ils cargo, crew 
and provisions for the voyage 

Hatcher and his partner. Max de 
Rabm, have twice been back to the 

wreck to scare* for items that JOig 
predicted must be there. In Janu- 
ary they brought him the ship's 
bdL Last month, in better 
weather, they returned to search 
for tbe private cargo which 
seemed, according to Jdrg’s re- 
searches, still to be missing. The 
Company ted allowed its crews to 
bring back porcelain and other 
merchandise. The Geldermalsen 
was also carrying two big chests, 
one containing 12 and the other 
eight packages; their contents were 
not specified. 

Using a suction pump, Hatcher 
and de Rahm dispersed five feet of 
sand, and unearthed 7,000 pieces. 
The Company had concentrated 
on the mass importation of 
cheaper porcelains, but special 
commissions and out-of-the-or- 

me. Another explained that the 
difference between' men and 

had to prove themselves: “We 
don’t say, ‘What school were you 
at? I was at school with old 

A third delegate, surrounded by 
self-made industrialists, said 
sadly, if self-moc kingly, of her 
chances of party advancement: 
“I’ve got too many connections. 
My grandmother was an MP.” 

A better name for this con- 
ference might well have been “The 
Ambitious Woman's Guide to 

But some of these ambitious 
women did not realize why they 
bad been invited, or know who 
could have given their names to 
Miss Nicholson- One was indig- 
nant: at each general election she 
conscientiously, on a point of 

principle with which 2 am in 
general sympathy, put a line 
through all the candidates on the 
ballot paper. 

Ste had come out of curiosity. 
What a horrible risk she ran. The 
aim of inviting these 1 political 
virgins was to seduce them. Let 
them fill the few waiting hours of 
.their lives which were not spent 
building their outstanding careers 
doing good work for the Conser- 
vative Party. The Conservative 
Party so wanted to bear what they 
thought about policy, and if they 
were very lucky they could be- 
come MPs. 

Some of the women, I regret to 
say, have already fallen for this- 
line. “I gave a political Inncb with 
a speaker,” said a beautiful biscuit 
manufacturer, “but everyone else 
talked niceties! Of course, women, 
no more than men, should not be 
_ limited to conversational niceties, 
but both sexes become more 
dismal when they develop an 
obsessive desire to talk- about 
“politics. Of all parties, the Tory 
party ought not spreading 
this contagion and breaking down 
those healthy barriers of wftist 
dnves ted wine and cheese parties 
that have so for kept most of 
Britain uncontaminated. - 

Norman Tebbit came after 
lunch to address the high fliers, 
John Moore of the Treasury 
having given them a disquisition 
on tax in the morning. “Ftn not 
going to tell you how many miles 
it is from Suffolk to Tripoli by 
air,” he said. 

“But for my grandmother, be 
would never have been an MP,” 
the girl who was being held bade 
by her connections confided to 
me. “He was her association 

Political women are not, it 
seems, new, but they have cer- 
tainly changed since the days of 
Lady Davidson. After that, it was 
comforting to turn to a woman 
journalist and find that ' some 
people still offer traditional advice 
to political women. “Marry some- | 
one rich,” she was saying. 

dreary pieces were carried as 
private cargo. The latest finds 
include four porcelain groups of 
Tyrolean dancers copied in China 
from a Meissen group modelled by 
Kaendler. Christie's have, pro- 
duced a supplementary catalogue 
and most of the new material will 
be included is the Amsterdam 
auction. Tbe main cargo was 
unearthed from a cocoon of tea. 
This was the most valuable 
commodity carried, 686,997 lb of 
it, representing 60 per cent of the 
cargo's value. There was also 
lacquer, spices, wood for Euro- 
pean cabinet-makers and, of 
course, the gold, which was used 
for trading with India. 

The porcelain loaded on to the 
Geldermalsen in 203 chests in- 
cluded 171 dinner services, 63,623 
tea cups and saucers, 19,535 coffee : 
cups and saucers, 14,315 dinner 
plates, 1,452 soup plates, 299 
cuspidors, 606 vomit pots, 75 fish 
bowls, 447 single dishes, 1,000 1 
nests of round dishes, and 25,921 
slop bowls. Hatcher has raised a ! 
substantial proportion of it 

The auction is expected to gross ! 
between £3 million ami £4 mil- 
lion, a reflection of the enormous | 
quantity on offer. Brices are 
expected to be quite modest. 

For Captain Hatcher it will be 
tbe biggest coup so for of an 
adventurous life. Brought up in Dr 
Baroado’s Homes, Hatcher was 
sent out to Australia to work on a 
Baroado's form. He made his first 
fortune selling barbecue equips 
meat to the Australians, spent the 
proceeds sailing round the world, 
then made a second fortune 
salvaging Second World War 
wrecks in tbe South China Sea. In 
1983, with a team of divers and 
sophisticated modern equipment, 
he salvaged tbe complete cargo of 
porcelain from a Chinese junk that 
had sunk in the 17thcentury. The 
sensation caused by its auction in 
Amsterdam set him on the tracks 
of the Geldermalsen. His next 
ambition is to raise the cargo of a 
Portugese merchant ship. 

The author is sale room correspon- 
dent of The Times. 

A friend living in northern 
California has just , sent me a 
leaflet that really does offer some- 
thing fornothing. It.was published •- 
by Iracific Gas and Electric, which 
provides heat ted power to some ' 
three million homes ami 500,000 
commercial . premises along the 
western coast of the US. 

The leaflet — entitled Zip Up 
Your Home — offers, for the cost 
of a telephone call to the local 
PG&E office, a visit by an 
energy conservation specialist 
who would carry out an energy 
audit of the house and point out 
what should be done to reduce find 

After this free audit, assnrmrg 
the customer had not defaulted on 
bills overibe past yfcar) it would be 
prepared to lead - up to $3,500 
(around £2.500) to have the , 
various conservation measures 
carried out. The enstomer would 
also be given a list of state- 
certified local contractors who 
could undertake the work. If he 
wanted to make any improve- 
ments myself be could pick up 
some do-it-yourself instructions 
and guidelines from the PG&E 

Indeed he would still tae-diplte 
for the loan even if he did not 
bother with the audit but deefrted . 
for himself to adopt energy-saving 
measures (even snch apparently 
outlandish items m British terms 
as flow insulation, dock thermo- 
stats or fluorescent . fighting 
conversions, none of winch is . 
recognized in our building regula- 
tions as being necessary for new 

If you think the whole scheme is 
simply a way for P G & E to act as 
moneylenders, you could not be 
more wrong. For — ted hare is ther 
tug “something for nothing”', as- 
pect— the hard-nosed business*, 
men who run P G &.£ will lend 
the money totally free of charge. 
Hence the tide of their campaign: . 
ZIP, meaning Zero Interest Pro- 
gramme. All you do is pay back 
the initial capital sum on a 
monthly writing off payment 
a gainst state and federal taxes. As 
a result, almost 10 per cent of xhe 
homes served fay PG St E -were 
audited last year. 

Why this apparent altruism 
from a private corporation in 
California, the heartland of free 
market capitalism? The leaflet 
answers this question frankly: “ft 
is simply more cost-effective for 
PG&E to continue saving cus- 
tomers with existing energy, ap- 
plies. By encouraging energy 
conservation, PG & E can' avoid 
buying costly fod anil otestmet- 
ing expensive power-plants”.. . 

Curiously enough, the experi- 
ence of this Californian company 
is not unique. Tbe vast majority of 

ib& orifices in America ate pri- 
vately owned, so they must con- 
sider, when preparing investment 
plan*, which one offers the best 
potential tei&rn to their 

sh a reh ol d ers. 

To be fair, not every utiBty has 
rested wholeheartedly into em- 
bracing the conservation cause. At 
Same are stffl fed by those whose 
chief in life is to create 

more and more supply sources 
{fortunately not often at public 
expense; unlike Britain); How- 
ever, each US state has a public 
utility regulatory commission 
charged with safeguarding tbe 
customer's interests, owe even 
tbe private corporation, utility, 
once ensconced, has a natural 

The. co mmissi ons exist to en- 
sure the mxlw> the 

most cost-effective investments, 
leading in the long run to the 
lowest electricity and gas costs and 
prices to the customer ; b is these 
commissioiis which have ensured^ 
that public utilities keep their 
caste as low as possible and 
vigorously promote the most ef- 
fraent use of energy. 

They have no British equiva- 
Jett, nor vriJB -tiny even when 
British Gas is privatized later this 
year.Tbe reason is simple: Olgas, 
xte new regabimy authority pro- 
posed to oversee ouzgaa company, 
vraH simply not have the requisite 
p owers to ensure that such mea- 
sures are carried out Its powers 
are~. restricted exclusively to 
approving gas prices on a “cost 
pins” baas, with about half the 
eventual retail price decided am- 
laterally by the gas company, and 
^hc.customer bearing thecost of ¥ 
any unnecessary purchase under- 

Before the Gas Bin left the 
Commons, its energy committee 
took the unprecedentedstep of 
formally tabling, as a body, (with 
.only one abstainer out of 1 1) four 
amendments at the report stage. In 
'essence these demanded mater 
transparency in the publishing of 
accounte to avoid internal cross- 
suhridittrton and required the 
suppler to pro mo te efficient en- 
ergy use. 

Such issues not having quite tbe 
emotional clout , of Sunday ttad- 
.xi% and given the size of the 
government’s majority, these 
amendments; Jiot surprisingly, 
failed. However, the bill has now 
moved to the Lords, where even at * 
the second reading markers were 
. put down by several speakers that 
the amendments might rise again. 
PetfaapsffiricLanlships have been 
rebemhg leaflet* from Pacific Gas 
and Electric in Galifomia . . 

The author & director of the 
Association fix the Conservation of 
Energy^-—].-’ .... 

Philip Howard 

to book 

Traditttore, traditore. Non vers- 
ions sed ever siones. Not various 
but perversions, as that mono- 
lithic old bigot St Jerome said of 
Latin translations of the Bible 
before the Vulgate. The question 
this morning, sisters and brothers, 
is whether translation is possible. 
The answer is: “Yes, of course;" 

We spent our childhoods 
translating — English into French, 
Gibbon into Cicero, Shakespeare 
into Sopbodean iambics, Daily 
Mirror leaders icto Tadtns. Dante 
into plonking English terra rima, 
and anything you want. sir. If you 
got it right, you were Sent up for 
Good.' and given a memento 
signed by the Head Man. If you 
got it wrong, you were given a Rip. 
Three Rips in a month and you 
were pul on the Bill, and flogged. 
Yes, indeed, translation is pos- 
sible, when one is put to ft. 

I never quite forgave George 
Steiner, that grand polyglot and 
intellectual, for devoting so many 
pages of After Babel to asking 
whether translation was possible; 
when at one'fevel it dearly is. 

At Babel the Lord did confound 
the language of all the earthJBut 
since that time, with ingenuity,, 
and. waving of hands -rapd, if 
British, by speaking jEnglish vary 
loudly and slowly with a foreign 
accent — we have contrived to 
make ourselves understood by 

Translation is high art, and a 
growth industry in the modem 
world. Its magic is not always 
' recognized, though a good books 
page should always give the name 
of the translator as well, as the 
author; That is why this morning 
tbe Institute of Translation is 
being inaugurated in London, to 
represent translators and their art 

Translators are the unsung en- 
gineers in the boiler-room of 
literature. From Erasmus to Harry 
Willetts (the translator of Solzhe- 
nitsyn) they unlock .-doors for 
. those .of us who do not .speak the - 
necessary languages. Sometimes 
they produce a work greater than _ 
its original. Some French say they 
prefer to read Proust ra the Scott 
MoncriefF or Kilmartin versions. 
But L think this is an example of 
French snobisme. 

However, the 47 translators of 
the Authorized. Version, drawing 
on Tyndale and WycUfl produced ’ 
not only the most influential work 
m English, but also belter lit- ' 
erature chan the original Hebrew, 
dog-Latin, and commercial travel- 
ler's Greek. It is a handicap in fife 
not to be able to read Anne 
Karenina, or Die Leiden ’ des 
jungen Werthers, or Lucretius in 
the original But at least we have 

translations that are better than X 

And, of course, G. Steiner is 
rights In one sense translation is 
impossible; or rather, the only 
statements that can be translated 
exactly are exceedingly boring, 
such as that two plus two equals 
four, and “This is a cat”. Most 
words in all languages have his- 


lories, and connotations, and etiF 
oes that are not repeated in the 
equivalent words in another lan- 
guage. Some authors, translate 
better than others. Shakespeare 
trans la tes badly into French. You 
have on# to remember the at- 
tempts at Othello m. French in Les 
Enfartts du Paradis to see that this 
is so. Vice versa, , recent produc- 
tions®® the London stage have 
demonstrated that the exquisitely 
correct Alexandrines of Racine 
' simply don’t go into English. 

Most great writers, from Chau- 
cer to Auden, have tried their pens 
at. translating the tmtranriatabfe. 
Kipling' scribbled his English ver- 
sions in the margins of his 
Riccaidi Press edition of Horace: 

J oncewasa joy to the Ladies. 

But. now 1 am hid on the 
_ . shelf . 

I’d liketo-siee Chloe get' Hades 
■ Before I descend there myself 

■Not quite the curious felicity of 
die. Master; but snappy. The 
Pyrrha Ode (Odes L 5Lis one of 
the most translated verses in 
literature. A' book' has been pub- 
lished ~of- .nothing but Pyrrha 
various, from Milton (jolly bad) 
onwards. Some are real poetry. 
Norte is realHorace. 

So although English is becoming 
the world language for everything 
from 'Computers to compost 
regulations, the other languages of 
Babel m ust preserve thei r infinite 
variety to enrich us. For most of us 
that needs good translations. 
Tloreatthe new Institute of 
Translation: il JJcurirtL 




" -S> « 

N".”S"a' M V!i 

. - ’■* v ’ 1 i 

1 Pennington Street, London El 9DD Telephone: 01-481 4100 



j—.' •' vi <■ 

Amid Bfl the drama of last 
week, delegations from 35 
^ s£ nations reassembled in Stock- 
^ .Vl*'.* holm and Berne, perhaps un- 
easily awaie that the 
V.;* responsibility for restoring 
confidence in the East-West 
: dialogue rests, for the time- 

J being, with . them. But they 
.. have less than six months and 

/<n. six weeks respectively in winch 

to prove that such confidence 
V? •' £ has not been misplaced. 

Both meetings stem from 

- ' that benchmark in East-West 
relations, the Helsinki Final 

-v r Act of 1975 - and its 1980-83 
• v';’« follow-up conference in Ma- 
‘ drid. At Stockholm and Beme 
• '•tv.' the. onus will be upon the 
’ : k Soviet Union to prove that it is 
':,yi genuinely concerned to ira- 
prove the imenrational cli- 
7 4 -; ' male by agreeing to practical 
kV. > measures which would enlarge 
physical freedom and 
encourage more peace of mind 
“s' T- among people on either side of 
- Z- Europe. But the chances that 

- S' the two conferences will 
' > achieve anything more than a 

, : S crop of fresh rhetoric are not 
Jj-z entirely equal. 

S^- At the Berne conference on 
S human contacts, which is the 
third East-West meeting on 

- VJ human rights within less than 

- a year, the West will be putting 

■S to the test Mr Mikhail 
-S Gorbachov’s recent hint (in 
: his speech to the Soviet party 

' <4 congress) of a more relaxed 

approach to issues tike mar- 
riage and the reunification of 
families from inside and out- 
side the Soviet Woe. But that 

- :< . speech was two months ago 
and there has been no further 

r. ^ suggestion that his fine words 
might be translated into fine 
~ deeds. 

By the end ofMay when the 
Berne group is due to breakup, 
'7; Western delegates will have 
. 7 good cause to celebrate if they 
2 emerge with much more than 
“‘7 the promise of more East-West 
sport, more visits to Red 
Square by courtesy oflntourist . 
and polite, controlled contacts 
between youth organizations. 

The prospects are slightly 
brighter in Stockholm at the . 
Conference on D isa r ma m ent 
in Europe (CDE): The title is 
A ^ misleading because the 
j ; emphasis at CDE is not so . 
«i «- much on doing away with 
armaments as on learning how 
to live with those already in 
place. But Mr. Gorbachov’s 
speech to the East Germans 
. <i yesterday implied a readiness 
to move forward oh con- 



ventionai arms control gen- 

The Helsinki Final Act in- 
cluded a series of so-called 
confidence-building measures 
(CBM) between Nato and the 
Warsaw Pact, under which the 
participating countries - from 
Europe, Canada and the 
United States — agreed to 
notify each other 21 days in 
advance of • any military 
manoeuvres involving more 
than 25,000 men. They also 
agreed to invite observers 
from the other countries to 
watch them. 

The provisions were . vol- 
untary and the Soviet Union’s 
observance of them has been 
less than scrupulous. No 
verification procedures were 
laid down. Nor was European 
Russia covered by the mea- 

But a modest start had been 
made. A code of behaviour by 
which governments could be 
judged had been established. 
That is the job now under way 
at Stockholm. 

The Russians started by 
opposing the Western call for 
improved CBMs on the Hel- 
sinki model — which they saw 
as a sly attempt by Nato to spy 
on the Warsaw Pact’s military. 
Instead they wanted the CDE 
to concentrate on a number of 
declaratory statements on the 
“no first use” of nuclear 
weapons, the establishment of 
nuclear-free zones and the 
non-use of force. But the East- 
West climate just after the 
deployment of cruise missiles 
at Greenham Common and 
the breakdown of the Geneva 
talks was not conducive to a 
fruitful start 

More than two years and 
two Soviet leaders later, 
enough has changed to make 
an agreement at CDE seem a 
more realistic possibility. The 
Russians have dropped most 
of their declaratory demands, 
except that on the non-use of 
force — which the Western 
powers are wflfiiag to accept 
jQn the other band the Soviets 
have- started to talk seriously 
about the kind of CBMs that 
the Western powers have in 
mind; * 

It is so rare to see progress 
being made at arms control 
negotiations these days, that 
some commentators have al- 
lowed their optimism to run 
away with them. The Nato 
powers want notification 45 
days in advance of all troop 
movements involving more 

than 6,000 men. The Soviets 
are conceding only 30 days 
notice and a minimum of 
20,000 men. The Russians also 
want CBMs to include air and 
naval movements which 
would mean prior notification 
of allied ship and aircraft in 
the Atlantic. The West say 
these should be included only 
when taking part in combined 
force exercises on the conti- 

The Warsaw Pact powers 
are unhappy about commit- 
ting themselves to a regular 
exchange of information about 
the disposition of their forces. 
And while they are happy to 
refer in public to the possibil- 
ity of on-site verification, they 
remain reluctant to commit 
themselves to this at the 
negotiating table. So signifi- 
cant differences remain. 

On the other hand, the gaps 
between the two positions look 
bridgeable. Procedural ques- 
tions have all been settled and 
drafting has actually started on 
a final document 

A number of confidence- 
building agreements have been 
signed during the last twenty 
years — usually between the 
two superpowers. The Soviet- 
American Accidents Measures 
Agreement of 1971, the 1972 
Incidents at Sea Agreement, 
the 1979 Salt-2 treaty which 
included notification of the 
more important ICBM tests 
and, most famous of them all, 
the “Hot Line” Agrremem of 
1963 — which was used to 
advantage during the Middle ! 
East War ten years later— have > 
all contributed to better under- 1 
standing between the powers | 
in limited and specific areas. 

The addition of as agree- 
ment which might help to 
reduce the risk of surprise 
attack and a short-waraisg war 
in Europe would be a genuine 
prize for East, West and the 
neutrals in bettven. On 
September 19 they are due to 
adjourn at Helsinki before 
reporting — along with the 
Berne deleghates and those 
from Helsinki spin-off meet- 
ings — to a “mother” con- 
ference of the Final Act powers 
two months later in Vienna. 
Despite the latest dash be- 
tween Moscow and Wash- 
ington there are still grounds 
for hoping that at least one of 
this week's meetings can meet 
its deadline. 


Bloomsbury can offer no 
comparison. In their prime 
Sartre and de Beauvoir were 

It was not only hot chocolate 
at La Goupole or dinner Chez 
Pierre. It ' was the Ecole 
Normale, the Boulevard 
Raspail, an endless giddy 
round of thought and writing, 
moving ceaselessly from 
Galtimard’s office to the Th6- 
Stre des Mathurins (a Genet 
piece of course) then bade to 
La Coupole to east, drink and, 
of course, talk, talk. talk. This 
seriousness about the life of 
mind; this was a Gallic trait 
prized above all. 

De Beauvoir’s death this 
week, taken with the decease 
of (in Sartre's own phrase) the 
great literary pederast Jean 
Genet, ends the affair. In the 
Thatcherite eighties we British 
now take ideas, do we not, as 
solemnly as any Continental 

Sartre and de Beauvoir be- 
gin to appear in retrospect 
famous for their membership 
of a celebrated manage as 
much as for their philosophy 
and novels. They had 
achieved, in this age of mass 
culture, star status on account 
of their life style. 

For some de Beauvoir's 
death will evoke the 1950s 
when existentialism was 
fashionable; for others her 
passing will bring vague 
recollections of Sartre s 
peregrinations as an apologist 
for Soviet Communism, uut 
above all her death ends a love 

that was in several senses 
e x traordinary. This was no 
amour fou yet there was a 
rpftrinftss in It, for how else 
could love survive 50 years of 
dissection, parsing, querying, 
open display in a succession of 

Yet survive it did, and 
famously. For a philosopher of 
freedom to be commemorated 
in popular culture for his 
surrender, to a woman is either 
a choice irony or another 
example of that Gallic taste 
which we simple Anglo-Sax- 
ons so often mistake for 

Sartre was always better 
known for aphorism and style 
than the elaborated philos- 
ophy of those epic works. 
Being and Nothingness and 
Critique of Dialectical Reason. 
The post war world has sus- 
tained a great number of 
intellectuals who, free and easy 
in their existentialism, never 
got beyond the third unfamil- 
iar gerund in the first of those 
tomes. The pktfs proved a 
useful crib. 

De Beauvoir’s literary fate 
will be different. In The Prime 
of Life she described how, 
eariy in their joint careers, she 
teetered on the brink of a most 
unwholesome dependence on 
her philosopher-lover. Yet de- 
spite the independence of her 
novels and her analyses of age 
and sex, de Beauvoir will live 
in the literary panthecn as his 
help-meet She may end up 
better known than him for her 
descriptions of him. 

Taxes on charity 

From Mr N. W. Smith 

Sir May I draw your readers 

attention to the J^rwonewaod 
Chancellor ^ 

chances that seems 
received little, if any, P®™* 

The Inland Revenue 
on “Charities” dated Mart* 18, 
1986. discloses that a*® 
charities, to be known as P” . 
indirect chain® . are to !*«*“ 
0 „ their realised guns 

they do not “spend at least *upcr 
cent of those gains. 

This new class will the 

maioritv of all grant-making char- 
E£$£ of charities will 

be prohibited by . their constitu- 
tions from spending their endow- 
ments. Of the other charities 
affected, many will think it im- 
prudent or inappropriate to 
“spend” capital, considering this 
teutarnouni to giving away the 
family silver. . 

Many private indirect chanties 
must therefore, it seems, reconcile 
themselves to paying tax if they 
change their in vestments. It is also 
proposed to tax private indued 
charities on income which is not 

What is the official justification 
for these new taxes? The press 
release explains that they are being 
imposed because “the present 
roles for charitable relief are being 
abused” ff it is thought politically 

expedient to tax ail private in- 
direct charities rather than close 
loopholes in the law exploited by 
the few, then it is to be hoped there 
will be no retrospective effect and 
that charities will be exempted 
from tax on gains unrealised on 
March 18. 

It is more fervently to be hoped, 
however, that Parliament will turn 
away from imposing new taxes on 
charities which will discourage 
giving, fetter good investment 
management and place daunting 
administrative burdens on both 
the Inland Revenue and a great 
many (often small) charities. 

I am. Sir, yours faithfully. 
Currey & Co. 

21 Buckingham Gale, SW I. - 

Balancing power with the US 

From ihe Director of the 
Ditchley Foundation 
Sir, Reactions to the American 
bombing raid on Libya have 
shown how the possession of 
power tends to produce very 
different thought processes from 
those produced by the absence of 
power. American majority opin- 
ion. confident of having the means 
to strike Libya down, has had no 
difficulty in rallying enthusias- 
tically behind President Reagan's 
limited punitive action. 

The Soviet leadership, also 
conscious of having great power 
but consequently measuring with 
due care the gap between its own 
and American capacity in this 
| particular case, bas reacted pru- 
dently while using its customary 
inflammatory language. 

The Arab governments, having 
virtually no power, have mostly 
had recourse to aphorisms and 
iriu sms which help them to win 

The reactions in Europe have 
been the most surprising, perhaps 
because they have registered so 
starkly and uncomfortably bow 
relatively weak the European 
stales have become and how 
unused they now are to exercising 

And yet the history of the 
European countries and more 
particularly of the European em- 
pires is full of instances of punitive 
expeditions, mostly highly 
successful. European civilisation 
in izs various forms and European 
political concepts penetrated into 
distant parts of the world in the 
wake of punitive expeditions of 
| various sorts. 

l There has been something of an 
i hiatus for most of the 20th century 
because the two world wars dis- 
credited and nearly destroyed the 
European nation states while leav- 

A moral question 

From Mrs Peter Prince 
Sir, Your leader (April 16) endors- 
ing the American attack on Libya 
makes quite unsubstantiated 
claims on British attitudes and 
relations with the United States. 

American forces and weapons 
are based in Britain as fart of the 
Nato alliance: at no point, when 
this alliance was negotiated, was it 
suggested they were there to be 
used unilaterally, or with the 
partial consent of the Nato mem- 
bers, though much of the unease 
about the presence of cruise 
missiles was based on the sus- 
picion that, given a conflict of 
interest, the Americans would go 
it alone -r a fear they have now 

Their appeal in Britain — 
outside the small academic 
circles which took Continental 
Marxism seriously enough to 
read Les Temps Modemes and 
worry about the tiny calibra- 
tions of distance French 
intellectuals tried to put be- 
tween themselves and the 
Communist Party of the So- 
viet Union — was as universal 
Parisians. | 

A generation ago, Paris was ; 
the centre of intellectual 
sophistication, a cauldron of j 
political debate and, come 
1968, of direct action. In the 
midst ofit all were Sartre and 
de Beauvoir, talking, writing, 
applying their minds. 

It scarcely mattered that the 
analysis was second-rate, the 
philosophy muddy and (to 
Anglo-Saxon logicians) oddly 
lacking in identifiable 
premisses. It hardly mattered, 
too, that this most bourgeois of 
couples should be so anti- 
bourgeois. What impressed 
was the seriousness of their 
projet, their embrace of 

You could scour London, 
look in every cafe in Soho and 
never find their like — though 
Mr Colin Wilson would some- 
times be lurking significantly 
in the foreground. Britain had 
academics, journalists, nov- 
elists, but professional intellec- 
tuals who lived on and off their 
ideas — Britain in those years 
had none. 

Happy days. 

The United States is not nec- 
essarily our natural ally before the 
other western Europeans. In feet, 
although that countiy is prepared 
to act with military vigour in fields 
well beyond their territory, when, 
with the invasion of the Falklands, 
it looked as though the third world 
war might start in the Americas, 
the United States took a much 
more conciliatory role. 

Nor is this new interpretation of 
article 51, to include terrorists, 
without its irony. After alL the 
IRA (who have received help from 
some American sources for just 
over 100 years) have inflicted just 
as much injury over the course of 
time as the Libyans have done. 
Far from encouraging us to bomb 
IRA cells, the Americans have 
been critical even of the peace- 
keeping role of the British forces in 

It is very sad that the reputation 
for sanity which the British people 
have earned by distinguishing 
between Irish terrorists and the 
Irish and Ulster people and gov- 
ernments is now completely lost 
by the way we have supported the 
United States response to the 

It does no credit to the 
journalistic standard of your paper 
to gloss over the uncomfortable 
feci that the view from Europe 

Way of Wren 

From Mr Jeffrey P. Haworth 
Sir. Mr Manser's letter (April 7) 
reveals a surprising lack of 
appreciation of architectural and 
court history when he suggests the 
King’s Apartment, damaged in the 
recent fire at Hampton Court, 
should not be completely re- 
instated. The particular sequence 
of rooms reflecting late 17th- 
century court procedure is as 
important as their detailed decora- 

From the Secretary of the Gear- 

S an Group 

r. Surely it is only in England 
that a leading architect, strapped 
into his modernist straitjackei, 
could seriously suggest, after 
comparatively minor damage to 
two of the Wren stale rooms at 

ing the nation stale as the 
predominant system of govern- 
ment. The talk has therefore been 
of internationalism and peace and 
recourse to the UN. while the 
underlying reahi> has continued 
to be the pursuit of national 
interest. Internationalism and 
peace and the UN are important 
ideals, but they still belong more 
to the world of' appearance than to 
the world of reality. 

Appearances demand that mod- 
ern punitive expeditions should be 
dressed up as self-defence under 
article 51 of the L*N Charter. The 
Europeans would be wise not to 
make too much of a meal of this 
and to take a few hurried revision 
courses in (he uses, applications 
and effects of power in inter- 
national affairs. They would then 
stand a better chance of influenc- 
ing the application of American 
power so that movement towards 
the ideals appeared to come a little 
closer rather than appearing to be 

What seems quite certain is that 
American power, being real, will 
be applied, and it is very much in 
the interest of western Europe that 
this should be so. Perhaps the real 
lesson is that the Europeans 
should turn urgently to the task of 
getting their own act together in 
the power business (commonly 
called defence or security i so that 
they. too. can have power and 
influence commensurate with 
their size and wealth. They would 
probably then find themselves in 
greater sympathy with the L : S. 
Yours faithfulK. 

The Ditchley Foundation, 

Ditchley Park. 



April 16. 

differs far more from the view 
from Washington than it did. say. 
forty years ago. 

Yours faithfiillv, 


Holman's Place, 


Near Glastonbury, 


From the Reverend D. H. Mullins. 
Sir, Your leader today (April 16) 
supporting Mrs Thatcher in her 
approval of the United States 
bombing of Libya only serves to 
highlight the truth of Mr Tebbit’s 
remarks last week when he spoke 
of the need for renewed moral 
values in our society. Those values 
are desperately needed, nowhere 
more than in the corridors of 
power, where moral vision is so 
sadly lacking. 

Whilst the United States, with 
British support, condemns and 
bombs Libya for allegedly promot- 
ing terrorist actions, it is itself 
actively engaged in the directing 
and financing of terrorism against 
Nicaragua via the Contras. The 
fine rhetoric of Mr Reagan and 
Mrs Thatcher, which your leader 
praises so Highly, in feet passes 
judgement on their own actions. 

After the raid on Libya and the 
loss of innocent life that it 
entailed, one is entitled to ask, 
“Who are the terrorists now?" 

It seems self-evident that the 
complex problems of our world in 
these difficult days will not be 
solved by such double standards 
in moral judgement What is 
needed, with the utmost urgency, 
is the display and promotion of 
superior moral integrity - not 
superior military might' — by the 
leaders of our superpowers. 

At present we have embarked 
on the dangerous game of “If you 
can’t beat them, join them”. This 
only serves to expose the moral 
bankruptcy that exists at the 
highest levels of American and 
British society. This is the tragedy, 
and it bodes ill for the future. 
Yours feithfully. 


1 Maybury Road, 

HulL North Humberside. 

April 16. 

Hampton Court that the interior 
of the palace “mighi be redesigned 
as of today”? 

Has Mr Manser never seen 
Pavlovsk, Tsarskoe Selo, Wurz- 
burg, Bruchsal. the Royal Palace 
in Warsaw, or indeed the magnifi- 
cent recent recreation of William 
Ill's sister palace at Het Loo in 

Yours faithfully. 

ROGER WHITE, Secretary. 

The Georgian Group, 

37 Spiral Square, El. 

To break the atmosphere of this 
sequence by introduction of white 
walls with decorative debris from 
the fire applied as in a new 
museum would be an aberration 
of taste which future generations 
would surety condemn, ridicule 
and do away with. 

The mid- 19th-century penchant 
for the imposition of the Middle 
Pointed style on any old building, 
which now seems hard to under- 
stand or justify, is paralleled by Mr 
Manser's penchant for the univer- 
sal imposition of his doctrinaire 
Righiangular Pointed style. 

Your readers may be surprised 
to be assured that most younger 
architects are not in the mould of 
the past president of their institute 
and are capable of a sensitive and 
less doctrinaire approach to both 
old and new buildings. 

Yours feithfully. 


Park House. 

Fort Royal Lane. Worcester. 

Musical excellence 

Snags in selling 
off water 

From Mr D. S. Akroyd 
Sir. 1 am surprised that, except in 
relation to Birmingham and the 
Elan Valley (report April 1 1. eariy 
editionsl. there has been no pro- 
test by focal authorities against the 
Government's intention to appro- 
priate the proceeds from the 
privatisation of the water in- 
dustry. as surely the title to their 
assets was. as recently as 1974. 
vested in the local couocils and 
water undertakings. 

All pre- 1974 sewerage and sew- 
age disposal installations were 
built at the cost of the local 
authorities and all pre- 1974 water- 
works not built by the private 
water companies were locally 

All post- 1973 sewerage and 
wage installations, and all water- 

sewage installations, and all water- 
works. including the very large 
Rutland and Kidder reservoirs, 
were funded by the regional water 
authorities. Although the assets 
may still be subject to substantial 
loan debt, the regional water 
authorities, at great expense to 
their consumers, have been fund- 
ing lhat debt for some twenty 

There was only an entitlement 
to government grant in the case of 
pre- 1 974 “first-time" rural water 
and sewage schemes. Surely the 
proceeds of any flotation should 
be distributed locally and region- 
ally according to some equitable 
formulae that could no doubt be 
worked oul 

Privatisation may or may not 
result in greater efficiency, but 
three re-oiganisations in twenty 
years have certainly caused 
considerable disruption and 
substantial expenditure for, appar- 
ently. little benefit. 

I wonder, however, whether the 
public will be very ready to invest 
in an industry when the products 
are subject to exacting statutory 
requirements and the market 
forces are entirely beyond the 
influence of the companies' sales 

I am. Sir, yours etc, 


The Stone Cottage, 




April 17. 

When the Worship and Doc- 
trine Measure which perpetuated 
the alternative services was ac- 
cepted by Parliament in 1974, the 
then Archbishop of Canterbury 
assured the House of Lords this 
was not a Measure for abolishing 
the Prayer Book. He said the 
Measure gave the Prayer Bbook a 
secure place which could only be 
altered by the action of Par- 

By 1980 the Prayer Book had 
been largely replaced by the 
alternative services, even though a 
Gallup poll established that most 
of the laity would prefer to keep 
the Prayer Book. 

In 1981 the Prayer Book 
(Protection) Bill was accepted by 
the House of Commons under the 
ten-minute rule, and in the House 
of Lords on second reading. In 
consequence of this flag-waving 
exercise, the House of Bishops 
passed a series of resolutions to 
improve the status of the Prayer 

In 1984 1 retintroduced the Bill 
in the House of Lords. The 
Archbishop of Canterbury then 
said he was prepared to give the 
House of Londs his assurance that 
it was the intention of the bishops 
to keep before the Church the feet 
that the Alternative Service Book 
is, as its name indicates, an 
alternative service book. 

From Miss Johanna Peters 
Sir, I have just returned from 
Austria, where I accompanied four 
young musicians, a piano trio and 
a soprano, who were representing 
the UK in an international week of 
concerts and conferences in Graz. 
The British students were the hit 
of the week. 

This visit coincided with the 
recent Times kilter (March 22) 
concerning the proposal centre of 
excellence for British music col- 
leges. On the surface, the proposal 
seems reasonable. I find it disturb- 
ing, however, that the motive 
behind it appears to spring from 
the desire to prevent advanced 
British students going abroad. 

For ax least 200 years, travelling 
and studying abroad has been 
considered the culmination of the 
education of the privileged or the 
highly talented young academic. 
Nowadays for British musicians, 
as in the case of commerce and 
industry, “abroad” is a major 

Yours faithfullv. 


Head of Opera Studies, 

Guildhall School of Music 
and Drama. 

Barbican, EC2, 

March 27. 

The Archbishop added that “on 
the question of the theological 
colleges the bishops have gone 
further than their resolutions 
stated. Through their inspectors 
they now require lhat the Prayer 
Book should remain in use both in 
leaching and in worship”. 

Yours feithfully, 


House of Loids. 

April 5. 

Loss of Eury dice 

From Mr Martin Gilbert 
Sir. I was intrigued by your “On 
this day 1 ' column in which you 
reprinted the report of March 25, 
1878. on the sinking of the 
Eurydice off the Isle of wight 
Curiously, this disaster was one 
of the first memories of Winston 
Churchill, who was then on the 
Isle of Wight staying with his 
nanny's sister. He later recalled 

One day when we were out on the 
cliffs near Ventnor. we saw a great 
splendid ship with all her sails set. 
passing ihe shore only a mile or two 
away . . . then all of a sudden there 
were black clouds and wind and the 
first drops of a storm, and we just 
scrambled home without getting wet 

The next time I went out on those 
cliffs there was no splendid ship in 
full sail, but three black masts were 
pointed out to me. sticking up out of 
the water in a stark way. She was the 
Eurydice. She had capsized in this 
very squall and gone to the bottom 
with three hundred soldiers on 

The divers went down to bring up 


APRIL 19 1897 

The fifth in a senes of artules 
(October 30, 

December 30. l89$Aprdl7 W. 

20, June 12. 23. f897) by Talbot 

Alternative prayers 

From Lord Sudeley 
Sir, May I write in support of the 
letter you published on March 28 
from Professor Basil Mitchell and 
others about the parlous state of 
the Prayer Book? During the past 
twelve years the Church of En- 
gland as the established Church 
has always given Parliament 
assurances about the Prayer Book 
which it has not followed through- 





... .In the forges of several of 
the most elaborately equipped 
ironworks of the Continent of 
Europe and the United States 
some of the most important plant, 
such as hydraulic presses of enor- 
mous power, bringing to bear a 
pressure of several thousands of 
tons, and doing with more even- 
ness and certainty the work of tha 
steam hammer, will be found 
stamped with a well-known Man- 
chester or Leeds name. And from 
Lancashire and the West Riding 
locomotives and many of the 
principal machine tools and testing 
machines required are sent, out to 
meet the needs of the important 
iron and steel industry which is 
springing up in the South of Russia 
and in Northern Spain and in 
Japan. These are but a few 
illustrations of the calm confidence 
with which the engineers of York- 
shire nad Lancashire have provid- 
ed and are at any moment ready to 
provide for the requirements of 
those who it might be thought 
would thus be helped to develop 
into more or less formidable com- 
petitors of their own. To a very 
considerable extent that possibility 
bas been realised. Whereas former- 
ly the whole supply of locomotives 
for the European railways used to 
come from this country, the needs 
of those railways are now, in the 
main, locally met and the foreign 
makers - nursed, as no doubt they 
have been and are, by the high 
protective tariffs in their own 
countries - are able to dispute the 
co mmand of neutral markets with 
our great locomotive builders. Oth- 
er causes than those of simple 
economic competition have, 
doubtless, been at work to restrict 
the number of British-built loco- 
motive engines taken to serve the 
rapidly extending railway system 
of Russia; but Lancashire and 
Yorkshire wold have had, and 
would now have, more orders from 
that quarter had not France and 
Germany been able and anxious to 
supply the needs of the Russian 

Today it is sufficient to note two 
things - first, that in the supply of 
equipment for the spinners, 
weavers, bleachers, dyers, and 
doth printers of our own Entire, 
especially those of India and the 
Australasias colonies, and in the 
establishment of the rapidly-grow- 
ing industrial life of Japan, an 
immense field lies open to and » 
already partially occupied by Brit- 
ish engineers, outside the great 
Continental and home markets for 
their products; secondly, in the 
construction of machinery for the 
employment of electrical energy, 
there is, both abroad and at home, 
a practically limitless sphere tor 
the application of British resources 
alike in capital and in inventive 
and adaptive ingenuity. It is 
strange that the home ripitiancf for 
such utilizations of the finest 
flower of later 19th-centuiy scien- 
tific mechanical discovery has 
hitherto lagged far behind the 
demand which has come from 
countries of which E n gla n d baa 
ahvays assumed to hold a great 
industrial lead. While the inhabit- 
ants of all except a few favoured 
spots in the metropolis and the 
landing provincial towns of this 
country still Hve and move at night 
in darkness made visible and air 
corrupted hy coal gas, there are 
many second and third rate towns 
on the Continent and in the United 
States which for years have had 
excellent installations and rejoiced 
in the strong and cool radiance of 
the new nhimin/mt. And not only 
with regard to lighting, but in 
respect of its use for locomotive 
purposes and for the working of 
machinery, England, in her effec- 
tive desire, is a third or more of a 
generation behind some of the 
Continental nations. Naturally 
this singular apathy, largely expli- 
cable no doubt by the cheapness of 
gas and steam coal in this countiy, 
has checked the development of 
manufacturing activity here in the 
direction of electrical appliances. 
English engineers however, have 
not waited for the development of 
an English demand, but have taken 
steps to obtain at least their share 
in the satisfaction of that which 
has grown up abroad both for the 
illuminating and the motor uses of 

the corpses. I was told ~ and it mack: 
a scar on ray mind — that some of 
the divers had feinted with terror at 
seeing the fish eating the bodies of 
the poor soldiers who had been 
drowned just as they were coming 
back home after all their hard work 
and danger in fighting savages. I 
seem to have seen some of these 
corpses towed very slowly by boats 
one sunny day. There were many 
people on the diffs to watch, and we 
all took off our hats in sorrow. 
Yours sincerely. 


36 Parliament Hill, NW3. 

Good talking to 

From Mr. O. Curtis 
Sir, They say to people who offer 
advice. “Fools do not take it, wise 
folk do not need iL” 

I feel that there ought to be a 
word for people who take their 
own advice and your readers may 
know of a suitable epithet. 

So far TOA is the best 1 can offer 
you - Shall I TOA on this subject? 
Best wishes, 


Human Communications, 

53 Victoria Avenue. 

Hull, Humberside. 

• I — 






■ t-A : 


Scratching the surface 
of majestic excellence 

— TV.U IV 

Master Drawingsin 
the Royal CoUecdon 
Queen’s Gallery 

ish " 




■ ' r* 

Desert architect of a new nation: T. E. Lawrence 

The Royal Collection is a mirror to 
the history of collecting in Bri t a in . 
This is made most dear by the 
Queen’s 30,000 drawings. Jane 
Roberts, the Curator of the Pont 
Room at Windsor Castle, has 
selected only 149 of them for this 
exhibition, yet the provenances read 
like a roll-call of the great 17th and 
1 8th-century collectors of drawings. 

Master Drawings is a tribute to 
the crucial role the Royal Family 
has played in the past, but it does 
not try to hide the sharp fallingoff 
in quality in the 1 9th an d 20th 
centuries. The decline of inspired 
royal guidance in the visual arts 
after George ID’s death coincides 
with the end of grandee collecting 
and the emergence of national 
museums and galleries. 

An exhibition of this sire can be 
little more than a ta n talizing appe- 
tizer. There are only seven of the 
600 Leonardos and a study for The 
Last Communion of St Jerome 
represents 2,000 Domenichinos in 
the collection. The show opens with 

the most famous works from the 
Italian Renaissance. Met alpm nt 
yields to chalk as the 15th century 
unfolds. Normally the viewer wh 
be more than satisfied with the 
narration of strong drawings, but 
there is a constant sense of frustra- 
tion at the careful and beautifully 
framed display. These works still 
seem to belong to the folders of the 

secui iw ~ ~ — : — r _ j 

Earl of ArundeL Charles t and 
Nicholas Lanier. The caged acts ot 

draughtsmanship appear to tong, for 
their leather-bound portfolios, 
where the connoisseur would have 
■ lovingly flicked through them. 

Artists have been among the 
greatest of collectors. It is therefore 
not surprising to find that Idyad 
Lawrence advised their respective 
mcmarchs on their collections and 
' that, though their own collections 
were not immediately bought by the 
Crown, many of the works have 
subsequently found their way into 
the Royal Collection. , 

George HI built heavily on artists 

collections. In 1762 ^ aopiired 
Cardinal Alessandro Albams col- 
lection, which in turn had swal- 
lowed up the artist Carlo Marattas 
collection, which included the Do- 
menichinos. George HI outdid the 
Grand Tourists with his patronage. 

Whereas the Duke of 

bought 20 Canalettos and tte Eart of 
Carlisle 1% Joseph^ Smidi,^ 
Consul m Vemce, sold the King 53 - 
paintings and 139 drawings, six ot - 

which are mite exhibition. ' 

The Royal Collection couldjjn 
the entire National Gaflery.wffi 
exhibitions of 17th ann 
18th-century drawings. Yet it » 
hard not to be oveapawered.bytne 
Italian Renaissance drawings in me 


reveals a balance of form thaxrrvals 
lus endless Madonnas. Leonardos 
duets illustrate his working meth- 
ods and so give one goodre^Mtor . 
collecting drawings, whtto Bdhm s 
Head of a Bearded Old Man 
demonstrates drawing as a polished 
work of art. „ • • j. 

The restrictions of the Queen's , 
G fl twy have led to the intrusi on or 
19th and 20fo-century works, even, 
examples of Queen Victoria's 
handwork, but the message must 
surely be that, should Charies ffl 
prove as good a patron of tte arts as- 

Charies I, the current renaissance or 

British draughtsmanship win be- 
ensured. . . ‘ 

Alistair Hicks 

Ghmumi BefllnTs Head of* 

Searching for the 
anonymous legend Chamber 



Nothing public inter- 

est so mochas the sparning of 
it. In wishing to lie alone, 
Garbo ensured her high, cur- 
vaceous profile. In more or less 
the same bitter words —“I 
want to be left atone” - 
Aircraf tsm an Shaw fbelled the 
legend — a legend he connived 
at — that he was the m- 
crowned king of Arabia. 

In Lawrence and Arabia, 
Omnibus (BBC1) gave a rigor- 
ous rattle to the bones of a man 

who was born ffl e g fflin a te ly as 
Chapman, known as T.E. 
La wrence and ch a n ged Ms 
name to Ross and Shaw out of 
“contempt for my passton far 
dtotinction". In his anonymity, 
ironically, lay the secrets of 
his distinction. Apart from 
MHirMlmg his name to pass 
among his own people, Law- 
rence fpwtyaleri his character 
to pass among Arabs. For all 
its many qualities, Julia 
Cave’s polished attempt to 

locate the man was like catch- 
ing water through foe fingers 
or foe source ®f an echo in 
Wadi Rum. 

Scholar, soldier and me- 
chanic, Lawrence's cantradic- 
tions are erident from foefiret 
pages of his epic Seven Pillars 
of Wisdom . “Shamed into 
pettiness by the innumerable 
silences of stars”, he also, in 
his beautiful poem to Selim 
Ahmed, “wrote my will across 
the sky iu stars”. 

Throughout bis short life 
there was this dichotomy be- 
tween foe diminutive liason 
officer with a puckish grin and 
an Orwell haircut, and foe 
dreamer of the day wl» 
“meant to make a new 
nation” — and succeeded. 

Omnibus’* attempt to recon- 
cile foe two followed conven- 
tional enough tines. This 
indnded a lot of prurient fuss 
over the Daraa incident in 
1917 when, according to Law- 
rence — and the programme 
gave no good reason to doubt 
him — be was whipped and 

raped by the Turks. What 
raised this programme above 
the ordinary run of film por- 
traits was foe combination of 
some excellent photography 
(Wadi Sam and foe desert 
railways in particular), some 
impressively-mined archive 

material and the range of 
witnesses. On its own no one 
dement was spec t a cula r. To- 
gether, they at least made foe 
mirage shimmer. 

Oddly, the contribution 
made by Arab experts was not 
so much demyfoologizing as 
mundane. It WUS the mOBOSyi- 
kthic testament of his younger 
brother which struck home 
and conveyed foe most forceful 
image of a penitential, self- 
flageHating stylite atone oo his 

In the first of two pro- 
grammes, Well Bang (Chan- 
nel Foot) examined the spread 
of venereal diseases. Produced 
and directed by Robert Eagle, 
it was a lacklustre rehash of 
frightening statistics de- 
scribed by moustached doctors 
with an air of Oh dear, oh 
dear, what have we here? 

A quarter of allied troops in 
foe First World War had 
gonorrhoea or syphilis (“a 
very important disease” ac- 
cording to a Dr Farthing). 

This year half a million people 
in Britain will contract some 
venereal disease or other. 80 
pa cent of gays la London 
have had Hepatitis B. Brave 
attem pts were made to include 
a variety of sufferers and 
suggestions for how best to 
contain the risk (“Not in him, 
on him”, Dr Farthing recom- 
mended). Unfortunately what 
lodged in foe mind was a 
sequence in a condom factory 
and a health cartoon on Swed- 
ish television for “the contra- 
ceptive without ride-effects”. 
Or Kondom — ger inga 
biverknmgan, as they say in 

Swede "' Nicholas 

Elizabeth Hall 

mems when McIntosh Jftjjghts/Dodd 

to have just too much on his „ 

platefone or two loose entries), Wlgmore Hall 
and the finale d id no t really . 

whip along a$ finely as it ^ ^ m 

m thic aTl-Rns- which celebrated a 
Hsewfaere m Urn ah-Kus- partnership of IQ yes 
sian programme there were Q v 0 j st ^ 

^ Kn^jhisand thepiani 

ly the former. I seem to have Kkerni 

To conduct Shostakovich s found myse if writing about 
Concerto for Piano, Trumpet Tchaikovsky’s Serenade for 
and Strings from the keyboard strings about three times al- 

while taking the piano part 
oneself is a challenging propo- 
sition. It may not be the 
hardest solo pari ever written, 
but it is busy enough, and 
there are one or two things to 
think about from a 
conductor’s point of view as 

Thomas McIntosh’s perfor- 
mance may not quite have 

ready this season in these 
columns, but it is impossible 
to get tired of tearing this 
gloriously written piece; it has 
a loveliness of spirit that 
uner rin g ly takes charge of 
every performance. The Lon- 
don City Chamber Orchestra 
had a lovely time with it, 
relishing its lyrical warmth 
and marvellously clear 

On the face of it this recital , 
which celebrated a'frurabl 
partnership ' of 10 years be- 
tween the oboist Andrew 
Knights and the pianist Jane 
Dodd, looked like an intrigu- 
ing prospect, with some re- 
freshingly unfamiliar E n g lis h 
music at its heart If the results 

were less satisfying than they 
might have been, the blame 

can be laid equally at the doors 

be a perfect nat ch ' fo r 
Schumann 's ripe, if flighty, 
music, the piano was rather 
woolly. - 

The rest of the English fore, 
was pretty solid straL and 
nothing more so 'than Ed- 
mund Rubbra’s Sonata of 
1958, given in memory of its 
composer, who died in Febru- 
ary. Rubbra’s style is difficult 
to define beyond [saying, flat it 
is refreshingly direct in meth- 
od and expression; there is ' 
some relationship with Nidr- 
cmi in that. The performance 


-w. *• \ 

can be laid equally at tne floors ^ onB to the music, 

If* Jjjjj confident and purposeful, as 

.Although Dr Eric Griffiths oh swtrSh&JK ^ShxWttt^,. 
Kaleidoscope (Wed n es d ay^ toedidfc -foe jwst ©f it is 
may have introduced Rnffio.4 wd foffi 

listeners to the idea that Seven before foe ofal nun’s 
Samuel Beckett is avery&nhj' qtestfofiabrtifc foe -text offoe 
writer, ! first hcaatof Sug dgV s ermon. "Tte 

15 yeais ago from foe theil*- Lordnj&awefo afi ttet folT. 
heatibf BBC Rndky Ptmtag/afte tcfiahmtt, ~aad rais efo np 
Martin Esstim. that, be bowed 

At tte tnael thoc^ta he wasC of wild 

been a tour de force, but it unm* 

came dose, with David Staff SinuLariy fresh and full- 

making much of the soto »nned olzvina was in evidence 

making much of the soto toned playing was in evidence 
trumpet’s curiously episodic - m Arensky’s Variations on a 
part in tte proceedings. The fheme of Tchaikovsky. 
most successful movement p ro j co fiev*s Visions Fugitives 
was the slow second one; the mther found these ptoyers out 
principal theme was delivered Rmjojf Barshai’s skillfull ar- 
with a Walton-like dreamless ^^nent of the original 
curiously suited to its mood of n hnv, version demands great- 

ifoonmoth (198l)‘ for ear'. 

anglais and piano, a sad, riow, 
duo seemed uteWetofind foe lowing a sensitive 

necessary force of personality. i_l: c -ys ^ 

Three Hymns to Agape of 
Six Metamorphoses after v Qne for cor andais, ; 

OvieL oboe d*amore and oboe) was 

was always exprrasively re-- gito ogt her more determined 
fined, he mistakenly opted for grateful music, foe 

having me on, whacfo:was#. 


• r • 

McWhinme^ production 

cunoiQisngwuuKiviaBp ' 

already seen a nrffaff g b rri qirifo‘ cxU^diMryeflras 

loud at Watfag for Gcrijt m foe ^ystefere foe 

fine^temistatenvopiearor ^^ore ghnefia mnsic, foe 

laid-back irony, both in its 
first statement on muted 
strings and at its return on 
muted trumpet There were 
times in the quicker move- 

piano version demands great- 
er precision of ensemble than 
it received here. 

uk r— firet of them adoseiystag- 

t ^ lds ^ gered, rfcythmicaHy jerky mn- 

^caiin reminSent of 
when Dodd Ligeti’s Honi Trio, foe second 

Schumann s Three Romances, W omter. 

Wefl, laughed mpartkqftitfor 
I sensed then;, andte^e 
come more'CeOTBflf it sub^' 'te 
that white the 

genuine md tes 

some very ^oda ana penetn^ styfi 
ing joker srafecd, mere 
behind it sMsefotog tffirite Mi 

- Radwnfeonk^ Workshop he 
.'j adf; Desmond Briscoe con- 
' htted tip,’ ftofy' served to 
' dec^ea. font fanpr asion. Ro- 
buse jdaying was set against 
sound of 
coofoiysute and nsmg wind, 
’ : foe raflwify at Bo^ufl and. 

exceptfonafiy iintofit tire pamiui 

skmof l& aa comrag’-tim o(^>rt»yfodff <foMett te convey a 

■ i - i ' ... .. i -i Ji . i i. Till Tran' Miiil i n unn'N l srirk and KtCtlS. 

S^umann i lhreei^mw^ and fond somewfiat sweeter. 
Opos 94, his sound Knights and Dodd here, for 

SSS8Sr?» *5 once, really diddict 

atone in tire teefe A^^eve^t 

Malcolm Hayes Stephen l>etf 


Grotesque victims of a ripping yarn 

■n „ oimI knew foe secret of Albert, Prince of Wales, p^s cmds Astral PTOjeCtHHl 

rOrceuna Duke of Clarence’s morganat- with his crony Lord Arthur \nn„ na 

UimnAriev icmaniaw. Somerset Later; foe three wfll Production Village 

njpuuraj Having been handed this meet again during the noton- 

Young Vic Studio story virtually on a plate, foe ous raid on foe Oevdand inmrobabiy popping upnr 

Stephen Pettitt 


In his book Jack the Ripper 
The Final Solution Stephen 
Knight advanced foe compre- 
hensively attractive theory 
that die murders were the 
work of the Royal Physician 
Sir William Gull acting in 
concert with the society por- 
traitist Walter Sickert; in 
disembowelling a handful of 
East End prostitutes they 

knew the secret of Albert, Prince of Wales, plays cards 
Duke of Clarence’s morganat- with his crony Lord Arthur 
ic marriage. Somerset. Later; foe three wfll 

Having been handed this meet again during the noton- 
story virtually on a plate, foe ous raid on die Oevdand 
playwright Doug Lucie has felt Street brothel, but this time 
obliged to beef it up with all Somerset will be in choros- 

Astral Projections 
Production Village 

manner of glaringly 
“relevant” side-issues beyond 
foe immediately appalling 
theme of a Masonic conspira- 
cy. The labour riots and 
terrorist threats of the 1880s 
intrude jarringly into the ma- 
jor action, of the piece, with 
the result that the Establish- 
ment villians are given too 

cast ejiu jnusuwiM un-j ~ 

sought to eliminate all who many victims - a strategy 
sougm IQ - -which does not gild foe lily so 


A beautiful investment you’ll 
enjoy everyday 

much as tarnish it. And it does 
not help Mr Lucie’s case foal 
his script includes such grue- 
somdy un-Victorian expres- 
sions as “foe latent Saxe- 
Coburg charisma'' 

The personal tragedy of the 
Duke of Clarence, known as 
“Eddy”, is economically es- 
tablished in the opening scene, 
where we find him sitting pale 
and disconsolate to one side of 
a dim chamber while his 
father, the atrocious Edward, 

girl’s drag and the unfortunate 
Eddy will be discovered by his 
father naked and tied to a 

It may have been Mr 
Lucie’s purpose to shock foe 
audience by this and other 
grotesqueries (we do actually 

witness Gull arranging his last 

victim's intestines ofar her 
shoulder) as it may also have 
been his aim to persuade us of 
the iniquities of monarchi sm , 
primogeniture, capitalis m and 
so on — the usual soft targets 
of “radical” playwrights. Such 
mundane ambitions deserve 
neither Paul Tomlinson's 
adroit production nor the foie 
performances from Ian Min- 
ncy as Eddy and John Ashton 
as Nefley, the sly, corrupting 

royal co a ch man . 

Martin Cropper 

magical silence 

lat will restore 

your sense of wonder. 

A pair oTGemjg? □ candlesticfci, John EdkfbnL London I73ii, estimate E2J5^>0 - £3IKXJ, 
and Gerage II coffee pc*. Peter Archambo. London 1732, estimate £21)00 - £3li00. 

Few investments give such an immediate return in sheer pleasure as 
antique silver Good pieces can still be bought for 
relatively modest prices - the majority of the 429 tots in Sotheby’s 
next Silver Sale are likely to sell for less than £1,000. 

The sale is on Thursday 24th April at 11am and 230 pm, at S4-S5 New Bond Street. 
Viewing is at 9.00am to 4.30 pm on 21st, 22nd and 23rd April. 

For further information or a catalogue, please contact Peter Waldron. 

34-33 New Bond Street. London W 1A 2AA- Telephone*. (01) 493 8080. Telex: 24454 5 PBLON G. 



Delos - the hub of the 
Cyclades und the Ibcal point of a 
sea mans world. 

It is said that Zeus himself 
moored this island with ada- 
mantine chains, that it might be 
a secure rcstinq place for die 
hinh of Apollo and Artemis. 

Here you will find the 
Terrace of the Lions, guardians 
of the Sacred Lake: the shrine of 
Artemis, regarded by many as 
the oldest shrine in Greece: and 
some of the finest Greek, Helle- 
nistic and Graeco-Roman build- 
ings in the Mediterranean. 

There is a magic about 
Delos that is bnutqhi to liTe on a 
Swan Hellenic cruise. 

8 Each location is , 
the more enjoyable 
because, with the help 
aur- guest lecturers, 
mt it in its historical 

tiler marvelling at all . 
i to see. youll live the 
nee a second time over 
ng, cool drink aboard 
r ship "Orpheus”, dis- 
ling everything with a 
few like-minded people. 

Swan Hellenic cruises de- 
part every 2 weeks from now to 

Fares from £879 (from 
£1 .094 fur cruises to the Red Sea, 
which Include a visit to Luxor, 
from SaEaga) cover most shore 
excursions and id! gratuities. 

For an immediate booking 
call 01-247 7532, or see your 
ABTA travel agent. 

fart of the growing world of PSlO 

Improbably popping up in the - 
featureless "-length of 
Cricklcwood Lane, Produc- 
tion Village is an enticing 
theatrical oasis, incorporating 
a - film studio, bond .and re- 
hearsal rooms, aFaririan cafe- 
bar, shcLa most seductive pub 
with a covered veranda oy«- 
JoolriQg a duck ponfLa model - 
ship rusting away in its bertbi 
• Last November the Village 
also acquired its own theatre; 
a snug 50-sealer, equipped 
with ligbting resources beyond 
tte scope of any other compa- 
rable London studio. As its 
first original show, the Village 
Theatre has this piece by 
Jackie Skarvelfis which, I fear, 
survives no better than the 
leaky model ship were it to be 
launched among tte dudes. 

Astral Projections sets off as 
a dialogue between the swing- 
ing youth of today and the 
Sixties. To achieve this en- 
counter, Miss Skarvellis imar. 
gines an Earls Court Inter- 
national Fair For Spritiial 
Enlightenment where two hip- 
pies meet up with a skinhead 
and his punk girlfriend. For 
the contrast to be drawn, each 
group has to stay inside its 
own time-warp; rart,-the date 
being 1986, the hippies have i 
to be able to pick up references 
outside their period. 

It also becomes dear that: 
there will be no dialogue. To 
stay in character, each group 
has to hug its separate corner, 
talking to each other or firing 
off comments to tte house. ; - 

Miss Skarvellis at , toast 
proves herself conversant with 
a wide range of the crank cults, 
that have sped through these. 
island&Much of this informa- 
tion, however, comes' in the 
form of facetious catalogues, ; 
seemingly more ; intended ‘to 
raise a derisive gig gle - an d 
admiration for the writei's- 
breadth of knowledge than to 
contribute anything to, 

Not that foe piece is un- 
eventful. A Bhuddist monk 
(well played by Frank 
Copperatone) un m asks him- 
self as an actor before burning 
himself to death and, afro*' ait 
ecstatic Neanderthal rape, 
aliens descend to pronounce 
tte end of the world. Notwith- 
standing all this and the able 
exertions ofPatricia Perry and 
Pippa Hinchiey, tte sensation 
at the time is that nothing 
much is happening 

Irvigg Wardle 

Since Godat mpa of .nfy 
experience ' of BcCtfct t^ to 
come' from n^B tod ihere, ; 
witboul foe gpni and 
sive uom pa n y^ef ah a»mehc&r 
it has beea tte«as^of«itKrf-^ 
nothii«4ntD-nowheretisalhas . 
impressed me mosL I t don’t 
recall much laughter between 
me and Beckett on foe air. 

' 'Maybe I te^P toMWiedipy 
stays a bit bgT now, f 
chadded quite a tot at foe 
repeat of Donald 
McWhmnie’s fihe l^57 pnh 
ductson - of - AH That Fafi 
(Sunday) which opened last 
week’s short RadBo 3 season of 
Beckett’s work put on to mark 
tte- writer’s 80th Birthday- Oh 
yes. there was some lovdy 
. mhthfiill dialogue and Mary 
O’FarrelTs playing of Mrs 
Rooney was maxveflously en- 
eraetic.and indomitable. Yet 
still ~to me the ooHff-notMiig; 
into-nowtere dominated;- in- 
deed it is in the very dined© of 
tire piece. ‘ * - - . * 

“What is tte day doing?” 
asks btind Dan Rooney (J.G. 
Devlin) and Mis Rooney att^ 

- Tte* titter pieces we heard 
: did' notog - to tighten the 
fifoa fTw* - 
day, ^cWhinnie, 1959) gave 
as teotohcmai foraring backOT 
a hignbriouspast and toward 
an empty fature. Rmsk-for 
" IfiiTr (Wednesday; director, 
1976J used foe 
jrteraogrtwmofa prisoner as a 
pwafld to a writer’s efforts to 
'-extract material from a recal- 
.dtiant subconscious. Its con- 
tents bore a marked- if 
jaooterent resembtence to 
jsoare of Beckett’s own radio 
/montdOgoes and indeed to A 
Pfeoe «f Miraolnae (Friday; 

- director, Ronflld Mason) foe 
only new work of tte week. 

“Birth was death to him” it 
began as it exidored a Weak 
image of dyingr an old man aH 
in white in ’a dini, bare room 

stares dfoer at tte blank wall 

or out brio tte dark and rain. 
Ronald Ficfcup wax' ^the neater 
- . t»nrfimcanpffybetedtakgnon 
something of.the sound of 
Patrick. Magee whose voice 
before tins death was virtualfy 
: synoBymouswifo foe Beckett 
monologue; t 

• *¥ ! 

DavM Wade 

Italy AsYouUkeJt! 

-v ;»• 

Three great new Emeriencesftiomatea.'nirod ipdcialhoWay 

progtarim8sltolt^frMcite to a 8 tertsrei n a3tifotefaly: 




agent to ortpcTus 

Marco Ppfa House, 35 


reWBoad, CroydooCRS ILL 

r e 

7 % 

64-72- New Oxfoni St, London WO. 0l-636'2345 
writ* far M catalogjjei SOp pius ^Op postage- - 



April 19-25, 1986 

A weekly guide to 
leisure, entertainment 
and the arts 

and a 

town sits upon a smell hook of 
* bud jutting into the ftirfian 
Ocean, fta&osrts on the edge 
of. the district known as the 
Kimberley region, firmly in 
'.the tropics and only rightwn 
d^rees south of the Eq uato r. 

-' fa has the land of donate and 
the sort of history that evoke 
thoughts of Maugham and of 
COnrad. Jt is frtsh and lazy. 
■ There are no office blocks; the 
bank stin has sloping wooden 
desks and whirling fens. There 
are .bo buses, bt& many bicy- 
cles occasionally ridden by' 
stately-! oolring men in tropi- 
cal white shirts, shorts and 
knee4ength socks. There are 
no parking lots and no shop- 
ping precincts; instead, lame 
houses, perfectly designed to 
suit the climate with wide 
verandahs and shattered win- 
dows, stand back from the 
roads, shaded fay shaggy pahns 
and huge mango trees, sur- 
rounded by bougainvillaea 
and frangipani and other exot- 
ic shrubs. Such houses are 
favoured by millionaires; few 
in Broome can afford them, 
but plenty in Perth seem to 
need them in order to es cape 
from whatever it is that is 
making them rushed and rich. 
They used to belong to the 
pearling masters in the days 
when Broome was die pearling 
centre of the woridlin the 
days when Broome was better 
known than Sydney in the 
salons of Europe. 

Broome did not have a 
Maugham or a Conrad to 
chronide its eccentric early 
life, more's the pity; but it had 
Ion Idriess and Forty Fathoms 
Deep which at least tries to 

Living in the 
past and 
on the past 

During a nine-month odyssey around Australia, Linda Christmas visited 
Broome, a tiny town with a colourful history founded on a glamorous 
occupation — pearl fishing. The pearls are fewer, but the glamour lingers 


gSvtS A- 1 **- - 

rc toy the mystery of pearl blacks who . were not divers 
diving and thfrway in which formed a serving class to 
men fought and d i et ed and potter around the houses of 
tied and died over tiny baubles the peariing masters and dig 
which gave passing pleasure to their gardens, 
the wives of the wealthy. The Continental, once the 
There was tittle mateship m only bold in town and the 
this treacherous business; no centre of its soda! life, is still 
man who found a pearl could there but revamped now to 
afford to share his joy without offer air-conditioning and 
risking betrayal ■ television in toe rooms, a bar 

Pearl fishing staled here in designed to look like a sailing 
1883. By then, the peari sbeir vessel and a drive-in bottle 
had become of great value for shop. However, they have 
buttons, and the pearl itself kept toe wrougfat-iron scrofl- 
was of subsidiary importance. ' wotk and the wide verandahs 

talk about the days before 
plastic; his a place which lives 
in the past to some extent, and 
on the past to a great extent A 
museum keeps all toe bits 
intact and a thriving historical , 

society keeps the memories 
alive. Those who leave tat/f : v* J 
drawn back regularly for a 
draught of the past: of the if ~ -» 
days when families were !« . v 

large and girls were not £ * 

allowed to woric but spent - 
hours fanning their moth- - 

ers on those wide veran- ^ r*r 
dahs, waiting for the next * \ 

party. There were lots of K ' 
parties, beach picnics and, 
dances and get-togethers on & 
Sunday morning where the 
gjrls, Outnumbered four to 
one; would whisper of their V 

conquests over lemon squash ^ 

and the boys, elsewhere, 
would embroider theirs over 
beer. Those days were pros- 
perous and even, lazier. The 
blacks who . were not divers 
fonned. ta serving class to . 
potter around toe houses of 
toe peaifing masters and dig 
their gardens. 

The Continental, once toe 
only bold in town and toe 
centre of its soda! life, is still 
there but revamped now to pare 
offer air-conditioning and toe 
television in toe rooms, a bar side 
designed to look like a sailing to t 
vessel and a drive-in bottle “Yo 
shop. However, they have com 



m V 



■r _ -a 

• i 

i . 

tr t 

^ V 'll 




\ ?/K. 


R * . }*>' j&rr* 

For all that, toe diving was 
still dangerous and best left to 
Aborigines and Asiatics, as the 
Malays, Chinese, Indonesians 
and Japanese were then called. 
By 1910 there were 400 luggers 
in Broome and a population of 
5,000 busily supplying the 
world's moiher-of-pearL Plas- 
tic ruined allthaL 1 
Everywhere you go in 
Broome they will willingly 

on the main building and 
hidden the extra rooms amid 
tropical plants. Despite com- 
petition from three new mo- 
lds, toe Continental stOl acts 
as the main meeting-place. I 
stayed in this hold and one 
night went to eat in the bar 
where counter meals were 
served. Of course, it was frill of 
men — but bars usually are, so 
1 thought nothing of it as 1 



FROM ORLY £12.99 1 



to mein yavdnss 


IC you do not save as much 
■* cash as you anticipated by 
paying direct from -Sartor” 

ff delivery should be me day 
longer than you would like. 

^ the pinafore dress does not 
satisfy you m every detail 
_ return the pinafore - your 
payment will be refunded. 

ACTED recciv,ns * Bd 

Ml I approving your 

pinafore dress you have two 
dear weeks to send the balance 
nlus £1-95 postage ™ 

This wonderfully y e T sat *K 
pinafore dress -ma choice « 
navy or brown tweed - can be 
worn with a cosy jumper on 

cooler days or over a snwrt 

zip - pJusopuona 1 Slide ux . 

belt 100% polyester. 0 

f Rmwit tweed. Dress sires |43ia length) : 

Colours: navy n tweed or ^ £1JJ9 p& p 


or Mwy « 


vs. . 

plus P&P- 20 22, 24 £13.99 plus pAp 

SJis'aii WP -S'* 1 K 10 4Sm - 

. £i deposit or pay. foil in quoting your Ac- 

MAS?-®; your a**®* 


cheque (payable in only) - ple ase allow 21 days for delivery. 

„ _ _ sartor House (Dept 6TA» Gtei Vs* RmL 

SARTOR Bingiey. W. Yorri BDI6 3ff. 

paused before the menu, until 
toe manager appeared by my 
side and suggested 1 might tike 
to eat in toe dining room. 
“You will be much more 
comfortable there and you can 
charge your meal lo ray 

1 bristled slightly at the 
thought that — in toe nicest 
possible way — I was being 
invited to leave, but then 
decided that be was genuinely 
concerned for my comfort and 
would prefer to see me dining 
alone in a nearly empty dining 
room than dining alone in a 
bar crowded with men. In any 
event, to allay lingering suspi- 
cions of a men-only policy, I 
invited toe local doctor to 
meet me in toe bar the 
following evening for a drink. 
The stand went unnoticed. 

. . Western Australia encour- 
ages doctors with entrepre- 
neurial flair. In toe south they 
own wineries, but up here in 
toe north they own petrol 
stations, caravan parks, shops 
and property. Peter owns toe 
lot; he symbolizes the new 
breed of businessman who has 
filled the power vacuum left 
by toe pearling masters. He 
arrived in Broome in toe early 
19605 when land was cheap 
and the place somewhat de- 
pressed, but he foresaw a new 
life for Broome as a deep- 
water port serving the cattle 
industry in the Kimberieys. 
Now the abattoir, hacking up 
cattle for hamburgers and 
packing it for shipment to the 
USA and Japan, is one of the 
largest employers and, with 
gas off the coast and oii inland 
causing a regular traffic in 
miuing executives, toe town 
has less reason to be de- 
pressed It is tourism, howev- 
er, upon which the doctor has 
pinned bis hopes and his 
investments. He noticed toe 
increasing number of Austra- 
lians who retire early and take 
off in their camper vans to 
explore their country, and he 
is ready for them whh the 
beachsidecamvan park, petrol 
station and shops. 

Some visitors who make the 
pilgrimage are disappointed, 
and some complain toe town 
; has lost its lustiness; become 
flabby, double-chinned and 
weak ai the knees. To me. 

, Broome was acceptable with- 
out the violence of toe old 
days. I loved the way every 
transaction turned into a con- 
versation, whether in toe post 
office or in toe library where 
they claim they can gel any 
book within two weeks, and 
where toe librarian opened on 
a dosed day so that 1 might 
return my books before leav- 
ing and he might return my 
temporary membership fee 
and tell me more about how 
he spent his spare time look- 
ing for crocodiles on the 
Fitzroy River. 

Perhaps I also found it less 
disappointing than some be- 

cause I came across a comer of 
Broome that was struggling to 
retain links onto the past, a 
comer that was determined to 
fiddle with nature and pro- 
duce cultured pearls...slrilled- 
woric indeed, and costly and 
laborious and risky and much 
more interesting than I had 
expected. The whole business 
of choosing an oyster of toe 
right age and size, of opening 
it at a carefully chosen mo- 
ment and dropping inside a 
tiny spherical shape and hop- 
ing that toe oyster would 
accept the foreign body as 
though it were a grain of sand 
and then continue to grow, 
coating toe sphere with nacre 

eats away 
at the profit 

to form a pearl, is fraught with 
difficulties. The oyster doesn’t 
like being tampered with and 
either dies or rejects toe bead 
or. in defiance, produces a 
misshapen lump that is of no 
use to anyone. 

The idea is old. The Chinese 
were pretty adept at the pro- 
cess in the thirteenth century, 
but toe secrets of toe tech- 
nique lapsed and it was left to 
the Japanese and the Austra- 
lians to try and revive it in the 
1890s. But toe powerful pearl- 
ing masters of Broome felt 
threatened and the govern- 
ment of Western Australia 
passed a law banning the 
cultured pearL Between 1922 
and 1949 anyone caught ex- 

perimenting was liable to be 
fined and imprisoned. The 
Japanese continued toe re- 
search and by the mid-1950s 
were ready to return to 
Broome with their knowledge 
and start a joint venture. For 
some years their pearl farm at 
Kuri Bay brought millions of 
dollars to Broome — but now 
it is floundering. Cyclones 
have wrecked pearl beds, an 
elusive marine bacterium has 
killed ofT thousands of oysters, 
and competition from Indone- 
sia is eating away at (be profit. 
Indonesian divers seem happy 
enough to work for £10 a 
month, while labour costs in 
Broome are high. The pearl 
from these waters looks 

John Fox-Lowe, Bill Reid 
and lan Turner are not quite 
ready to give up. The condi- 
tions for pearl oysters are still 
good: toe huge twenty -foot 
tides ensure a rich supply of 
food, and the feet that toe 
water temperature drops be- 
low 68°F (20°C) for a few 
months each year allows toe 
nacre coating a period of slow, 
fine growth. 

That Sunday I found the 
three silting in a shabby room, 
muttering about mommes and 
leans, the measures used to 
weigh pearls, and poring over 
SA70.000 worth of pearls of 
varying shapes, a sample from 
the next harvest. There was no 
air-conditioning and with hu- 
midity reaching 9 5 per cent, 
toe only thing toaz was cool 
(and then only briefly) was toe 
beer. The three learned their 
craft workiog for toe pan? 
Kuri Bay Company and 
branched out on their own in 

f 978. and each year they have 
watched their increasing skills 
produce a better harvest, lan 
and John were divers, a job 
which has changed little since 
the early days, except that it is 
now safer but it still means 
being underwater for eight 
hours a day and it is still 
highly competitive. There 
may be plenty of shells down 
there on toe sea bed. but often 
they are not easy to see. and 
often they are not of the right 
size, between 4 1 * and 7 inches. 

These modern pearlers put 
to se3 in their lugger, a 
converted prawn trawler, in 
teams of seven for ten days at 
a time. Lf they are lucky, it 
takes around three months to 
catch toe shells they need The 
caning of the shells to their 
new homes, on pifed-up racks 
beneath toe sea, is one of toe 
trickiest parts of toe opera- 
tion. because then the oysters 
are mosi likely to succumb io 

They are constantly 
watched during toe settling-in 
period and are sometimes 
given up to a year to get fat 
and lazy before toe surgeon 
comes to operate. “Surgeon" 
is the right word, since the 
men who perform the inser- 
tion of the tiny spheres made 
of Mississippi mussel shells 
are paid as much as top 
medical surgeons. Their skill 
is prized and there are not 
more than 100 men in the 
world capable of the work. 

'The days when families 
were large and girls were 
not allowed to worfc’ ■ 



most of whom are Japanese. 
Broome Pearls hires a special- 
ist. but Ian has been learning 
and the other two claim that 
even toe Japanese are im- 
pressed with his work. 

“It requires intense concen- 
tration. and constant decision- 
making — where to put toe 
bead and which size of bead to 
use, and it also requires a 
constant rhythm — a bit like 
making mayonnaise. At the 
end of the day I'm whacked." 

As toe oysters need to be out 
of the water for as little time as 
possible, the operating is done 
at sea in a specially designed 
raft. When toe oysters are 
returned once more to their 
high-nse homes, they are 
again closely watched and 
checked for two years. 

The threesome had what is 
best described as chequered 
careers before they joined 
forces. Much of Bill's time was 
spent overseas with toe Unit- 
ed Nations doing research 
work, and John scorned toe 
chance to join his father’s 
milk-selling business in En- 
gland at the age of twenty-one. 
appalled io discover his entire 
life mapped before him. Un- 
certainty and adventure were 
more in his line; delivering 
boats halfway around the 
world, diving for scallops in 
Scotland and abalone in New 

keepers of 
the heritage 

South Wales. Diving for aba- 
lone in Eden he me! lan. who 
was doing the same. 

Ian had read engineering at 
university but ihoughis of a 
conventional career were 
abandoned when he received 
his call-up papers for Viet- 
nam. He fled, and remained 
on the run for 16 months 
before toe police caught him. 
“I was sentenced to a full 18 
months in pnson. but Whit- 
lam came to power after 1 had 
served just over lOmontos 
and all draft-dodgers were 

The future of the Broome 
Pearl could hardly be in toe 
hands of more likeable or 
more intriguing men. but. for 
all (heir enthusiasm and dedi- 
cation. toe majestic past has 
gone. A natural pearl may be 
found every couple of years, 
but no one fights and cheats 
and lies and dies any more. 

Extracted from The Ribbon 
and toe Ragged Square by 
Linda Christmas, to be pub- 
lished on April 24 by Viking 


Straight talking: 
Denis Quilley gets 
to grips with his 
West End musical 
role, page 18 

Arts Diary 











18 Ou and About 13 
17 Opera 18 

17 Photography 18 

18 Radio 17 

15 Review 17 

17 Rock & Jazz (8 

18 Shopping 15 

15 Television 17 
18 Travel 12 
18 13 

15 TV films 17 

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mara-H* » «s«aw Fav/r ^ *-'• 

V- ' 



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Bkaoa&m by fiaBy Dsvitt 

G lenhddich Pure Mall Whisky is unique among malls. 

No other Highland Malt uses a single source of 
pure natural spring water throughout from distilling io 

Since 1887 the waters ol the Robbie Dubh have en- 
sured the consistent purity' of taste for which Glenfiddich 
is justly famous. 




•; V ! .V' 


Holidays with children in tow needn’t end in tears. Options include go-it-alone activity ce ntres, a city with treats galore. 


th no 

According to my daughter 
Gaire (11), her sporting week 
away with Dolphin Holidays 
was “magic”. According to my 
daughter Alexandra (14), her 
week, camping and canoeing 
on the Ardeche with PGL was 
“tough"- They both agreed 
that it was fun and both went 
away on their own. We old 
folk stayed behind, hung 
around the telephone and 
worried quite a bit. but need- 
lessly. for they came home 
intact tanned, happy and 
keen to go again. 

Holidays for unaccompa- 
nied children are increasingly 
popular and well-organized. 
The basic package includes 
supervision (seven is the mini- 
mum age for most holidays), 
relentless activity and exces- 
sive amounts of chips, but the 
children seem 10 thrive on it. 
gaining in confidence and self- 
reliance. as well as picking up 
some useful sporting skills. 
The range of activities on offer 
seems almost limitless. 

Doyen of the children’s 
holiday market is PGL Holi- 
days of Ross-on-Wye, which 
offers holidays for unaccom- 
panied children between 6 and 
16 years of age at their centres 
in the United Kingdom. 
France and Holland. Constant 
supervision is provided for 
more than forty activities 
from computer camps to soc- 
cer. tennis and outdoor adven- 
ture weeks, and the only 
complaint from my eldest was 
that the food was too stodgy, 
which probably means not 
enough chips. The 1986 PGL 
brochure contains a useful and 
comprehensive Parent Guide 
with advice on pocket money, 
medical contact, and reassur- 
ance on all the little details 
that tend to prey on the 
parental mind. A Multi-Activ- 
ity Holiday in the United 
Kingdom for 8 to 1 3-year-olds 
costs from £159. A week of 
canoeing and windsurfing in 
France for 13 to 15-year-olds 
costs from £224. 

Dolphin Children's Adven- 
ture Holidays (see right) offers 
a diversity of programmes 
with day camps close to home, 
from which the children are 
collected and returned each 
night, to foil residential holi- 
days for children from 7 years - 
and up such as the one Jason 
Poole and Christopher Tidball 
went on. Multi-Adventures 
include windsurfing, canoe- 
ing. motorcycle sport, and 
games - the lot. Day camps 
will be open this summer at' 
various places around Lon- 
don. and at several provincial 
cities. A typical charge is 
£18.50 per day for children 
aged 3 to 6. while a week like 
Christopher and Jason's costs 
around £144 plus VAT. 


tion and all meals costs from 

Constance All Star Coach- 
ing Holidays may be just the 
ticket for the young contender. 
Apart from plenty of fresh air 
and fim. they offer youngsters 
careful coaching from profes- 
sionals in a wide range of 
sports from soccer (Glen 
Hoddle) and cricket (Alan 
Knott), to golf (Peter 
Townsend), as well as multi- 
sport holidays for the real all- 
rounder. Prices here start at 
£140 per week. 

£ Today was 
good! . .Today 
has been fab 9 

Tops Travel also of Ross- 
on-Wye caters for unaccompa- 
nied young people between 7 
and IS years, and offers a wide 
range of acti vities with a slight 
bias towards the educational. 
The holidays available include 
courses in spoken French, 
computing and rugby, as well 
as the more familiar attrac- 
tions of ponies, sailboards or 
fun in the sun. 

Country-loving children 
will be well suited by 
Gametrek Holidays of 
Llandysul in Dyfed, which 
offers Novice and Junior 
Breaks during the school holi- 
days for young people between 
12 and 20 years. Activities 
here include trout fishing, 
shooting and birdwatching, all 
with instruction and under 
careful supervision. A week at 
Gametrek with accommoda- 


For further information contact 
PGL Young Adventure Limited 

Young At _ 

(0989 65556); Tops Travel 
‘165666); Gametrek 

(0989 1 

Holidays (054555 376): MiHfleW 
Village of Education (0458 
42291); Island Cruising Club 
(054884 3461); The Ocean 
Youth Club (0705 528421); 
Dolphin Children's Adventure 
Holidays and Constance All- 

Star Spons Holidays are both 

on (0444 4581 77); The Ski Club 
of Great Britain (Ski Parties 01- 

245 1033). 

A full list of holidays for 
unaccompanied children can 
be found in Activity and Hobby 
Holidays (English Tourist 
Board, £1.25) available from 
Tounst Information Centres 
and all good bookshops. 

Down in Street in Somerset 
the facilities of Millfield 
School are open to families 
during the summer holidays, 
when the Millfield Village of 
Education offers no less than 
95 different activities and 
some 340 separate courses, as 
well as specially structured 
weeks for unaccompanied 
children. These children are 
accommodated in the Junior 
boarding houses and offered a 
vast range of activities: judo, 
riding, rounders, and much, 
much more, at prices from £95 
for one week. 

As a final example of the 
activities available, why not 
send them sailing? The Island 
Cruising Club of Sal com be, 
Devon, is always happy to 
welcome unaccompanied chil- 
dren on its cadet weeks with a 
matron to look after the pre- 
cadet group (10 to 12-year- 
olds) and experienced' staff to 
look after the older children 
from 13-plus. The craft and 
instruction are both first-class, 
and the sailing courses offer 
children the opportunity to 
gain the RYA National Din- 
ghy Sailing Certificate, as well 
as having a lot of fun afloat 
and in the evenings. 

For something even more 
adventurous afloat, ocean 
cruising is available with the 
Ocean Youth Gub of Gos- 
port, which maintains a fleet 
of twelve yachts and cele- 
brates its Silver Jubilee this 
-ear. A week’s ocean cruising 

r children aged 12 to 14 costs 
from £147. 

Winter sports need not be 
confined to school or family 
parties. The Ski Gub of Great 
Britain has been running 
Young Members parties for 
more than 25 years, and its Ski 
Parties brochure lists holidays 
for nine to 19- year-olds in 
several countries throughout 
Ail in all, these holidays have 
a great deal to offer young 
people, a chance to spread 
their wings, make new friends 
and pick up an enjoyable skill 
or hobby. Certainly my two 
seem to like them; I only wish 
they’ were as keen on school. 

Water rats: scheolfrieads Christopher Tidball (left) and Jason Poole making a splash on their adventure holiday in Devon 

Here are extracts from 
Jason and Christopher s 
reports. Jason'sfirstj)" _ 
“Today w*s good! After a big 
bteak&st we went pony 
oekklog which was great. My 
horse went into a gallop. 

After lunch I went on a nature 

traf). Idxoaghtit • 

We also dal paraefante which 

was 50 fed high. I did no* 
do ft.” 

Next day it was 
Christopher's am to h ave 
trouble with bis nwimL 
The activity was trail bikes. 
‘•When I was crossing a 
bridge ay bike skidded sad 
fefi off the bridge oo (o me. 
Then we did the ropes assaalt 
coarse and jangle fw, and 
both of them were realty good 
fan. We went rock 
diinbiog and abseffiog after 
{nodi . I reaHy enjoyed 
them both.” Jason was not so 
sure abort abseiling and 

described it in his diary as 

"Mit fiijulitrniiig" 

On day three there were 
more spills. As Jason pot it 
“Today has been fab. First 
we did canoeing and I 
capsized. After that we did 
shooting. 1 got five oa the 
target. Now we are are 
abort to go camping oat” 

Day frnsr was Thursday. 

The itinerary included caving 
which “was my best thing” 
said Christopher an alligator 
hunt, and swimming races. 

On Friday there was a visit 
to Exeter and swimming 
Christopher added: a 
summary to his report: 
really enjoyed my week on 
the Dolphin Holiday. I 
enjoyed caring most of alL 
The food was deHcioas and 
there was lots of it We 
were always in a small group 
of about 10 and the 
in s tr u c t ors were kind as welL” 

Growing to love the Grand Canal 



Rob Netllands 


* I 'he refined game of croquet offers a perfect 
A way of spending those lazy summer 
evenings, however, don’t let it's slow pace 
belie the skill involved. 

S uitable for singles and pairs, the object of 
croquet is to be the first to get your balls 
through all tbe hoops in the correct order and 
direction, and then to hit them onto the peg. 
The principle of the game is to use the other 
balls to help you go through the hoops, infect, 
by using the other balls a skillful player can go 
all the way round in a single turn. 

P acked in an attractive white wood box with 
rope handles, this set is made in the U-K. 
and comprises: 4 mallets (approx 37" long 
and made from hardwood). 4 composition 
bails, 6 hodps, 1 winning peg, 1 smasher and 
aset of rules. 




fno *WK# tv fil nipleW * uupiml 

(Crayford) 0322-58011 
2* houna da> - 7 daw a week 

r Phe advantage of croquet is that unlike so 
A many other games it allows one to dress as 
formally or as informally as one pleases— a 
delightful way of spending an afternoon 
with friends 
Price -£9995 

ptmsralkn. up tnZI Jar Jeh im Ihr f'ncc irwiudry l AT 


This order cun.'Wi bedetpan hrd b* address.’* in ’he I’.K 
Money is rrliDidaXif on < 2 lt goods Mihoui qui >n *t 

Orders and empanel should be tents’. 



HI Cnnfarf SJJltifur erkfuine. .«,/>. 

Please send me croquet setts) 

@£99.95 each. 

I enclose cbeque/poswJ order for £ 

made payable to The Times Croquet Set Offer. 
Or debit my Access/Visa No 


Expiry Date 

Send to: The Times Croquet Set Offer. 

Bourne Road. Bexley. Kent DA5 1BL. 


CttvfcwlHiihtiwabiBiraf «l* 

“Daddy”, asked the six-year- 
old as the vaporetto headed 
down the Grand Canal, “is the 
water meant?” 

There have been half a 
dozen family holidays in Ven- 
ice since then and she has 
explored its canals, even 
learning to row like a gondo- 
lier. She and her elder sister 
are taking an interest in the 
arts and architecture of this 
city, but it is still, for them, 
primarily a place for boat- 
rides. eating pasta, collecting 
miniature glass animals from 
the shops where craftsmen 
make them over a Bunsen 
burner and feeding the pi- 
geons of San Marco. 

Our first family expedition 
was to Camping dei Fiori, 
which stretches along the 
Adriatic shore on the coast of 
the mainland close to the 
easterly entrance to the Vene- 
tian lagoon. Its comfortable 
caravans are parked among 
trees and flowering shrubs 
between the beach and the 
swimming pool, and its shop, 
restaurant and bar make it a 
self-contained resort. 

When the whole family 
finally look the vaporetto 
along the Grand Canal we 
showed them one picture: 
Titian’s Assumption in the 
church of the Frari. long to be 
remembered as “The lady in 

We bad flown to Venice 
then but this time we took 
advantage of British Rail’s 
Europ Family Card fores. The 

dren can safely wander to feed 
the pigeons in the Piazza. 

Once established at an ho- 
tel the first essential is to 
master transport within the 
city. The two most useful 
vaporetto ferries are routes No 
1 and 5; the former plying up 
and down the Grand CanaL 
along the Riva and out to 
Lido: the latter, around the 
outside of the city and so 
known as the circotare. 

Gondolas are expensive 
with gondoliers often trying to 
exceed the official rate of 

45,000 lire (about £18Vfbr 50 
rheapest ora 

( Daddy, is the water meant? 9 

first adult pays £5 for the card 
and £205.60 for the full first- 
class return fore from London, 
but the other parent pays only 
£143.20 and the children cost 
much less (£57.20 for the 11- 
year-old, £98 for the 13-year- 

In summer, the best hotel 
for a family holiday is certain- 
ly the Cipriani because of its 
large, open-air swimming 
pool — the only one in Ven- 
ice — but it is also the most 
expensive. Since it was now 
autumn, the children voted 

for their other fovourite. the 
Pensione Bucintoro: one star 
instead of five and a tenth of 
the price. The advantages of 
this little hotel, where Whis- 
tler stayed to etch Venice from 
its windows, are that its 
standards of comfort and food 
are simple but good; the view 
it commands is unrivalled and 
it is run by a charming family. 
It stands at the entrance to the 
Arsenale canal on the broad 
promedade of the Riva degli 
Schiavoni, curving away to 
San Marco, along which chil- 

ra mutes. Cheapen of afl are 
the traghetia ferry-gondolas 

which cross die Grand Canal 
at half-a-dozen points, for 
which the fore is only 200 Ike, 

Most travel within the city 
will be on foot and for this a 
good map is essential 
(Hallway’s is probably the 
best) with a guidebook for 
occasional readings (the Blue 
Guide and Hugh Honour's 
Venice are admirable and the 
new edition of L G Links* 
Venice for Pleasure includes a 
section about Venice for 

Visits to the bronze giants 
who sound the hours on the 
great bell above the Piazza, or 

the frescoes of puncinetti in 
the little upstairs rooms of the 
Ca’ Rezzonico palace on the 
Grand CanaL are memorable 
and there will be. plenty of 
distractions along the way: 
those shops gelling tiny glass 
animals; the Rialto markets, 
watching the boats go by. 
drinks ax cafe tables in the 
tittle squares and deciding 
whether to lunch on pasta 
beneath the vine in the court- 
yard ofa trattoria, or on pizza 
on the Zattere waterfront 
where .the great ships bound 
for the port pass by. 

Longhrange'- ferries 'offer 
voyages to Lido, die islands of 
Munno (for ; glass-blowing), 
Burano (for lace-making) and 
Torcepo (for medieval mosa- 
ics arid, memorable, lunches) 
and there is always the day trip 
across the lagoon to and from 
Chioggia in the for west. 

Reading James Morris's 
Venice puts one in the mood, 
but such enhancement is pe- 
ripheral because Venice can be 
relied upon to make its own 
impact. Indeed, there is little 
need to say more than: “Once 
upon a time there was - and 
there still is — a city paved 
with water.-” 




Package holidays at 
Camping dei Hod can be 
arranged through Marina 
Holidays, 38 Endless Street, 
Salisbury, Wiltshire (0722 

Pensione Bucintoro Is 

included ini 
or rail travel with i 
Marco Polo House, 3-5 
Lansdowne Road, Croydon, 
Surrey (01-686 5533). 

Other companies which 
offer package deals in Venice 
include Thomas Cook, 
Thomsons, Horizon and Magic 
of Italy. 


•%M:UN-vv ; 




tmentariond institute tor Young girls 

TnxHng fci norun*, haaMiy smuvtngk 

hdhndual lution end m anefl group*. Language lotoorolory. 
Official arttow and tfptarwa. 

Vanad leant p r og r wna . tU wok Zermatt, aft. rauMc, cuMund etoettone. 
Summer Iwfiday coune fix grfe ad hoy* 


1815 (Founded 1927) 

Ans 9-19 jews. G.C-E. tT and “A- levels. 
Universal* entrance. 

Purpose buih school enjoying wonderful IscjttDcs far 
nod? sod sport*. Computer S cirarr SUMMER 
HOLIDAY COURSES (Inleaotv French) far boyt 
and girts in July and August. 

Tot 01041/21/6444.11 Te 453131 geo* cb 



International School far Gult 
Auc W-W years 
Atvntie Sec wan 12-16 
11)05 Lausanne 
Telephone: fimi&l/22474l 
Tela c 3S 472 BMCH 

• GCEOaad A itvoh. Cambridge Board. 

• Prepa ra ti o n far the Inratnaskraei 

• Modem languages ■ French. Eogfah, 
S pa nish . Italian. German. 


Ja»y eUt-August 1 6th. 1968 
French - Sports . Excmnont - Cooking - 

Minmxun A ay 16 dqys. 

Arrival every Saturday. 


With 10 i .•ictivilif* tra chooMt 
from. Our Ciiy yr"£ fmidnnliat camp; 
are yituciti.-S tnrraujlhout the Ut>. 

wrt’r-to.rch D'C" gn tu-i>wh:rc 


f see rr 



Cump BuaunxxitReepQsz (No stamp 
h required) fihxttlngdofi PEIS 8BR 

The far 


Discover for your- 
self the true 
oriental magic 
of the ancient 

ical ilaiiritig, and many d if fere n t 
cultures and races— all the while 
en j oying superlative service in the 
finest hotels. Youfl find such exotic 
des t i nat ions as Hong Kong, Bah, 


Co^o^tonmvBrmsh Rafl 

Monehostar and Qlȣaw. 
Summer 1906 — alt prices' 

fluarantoedl ^ 


at the Chamber of Commerce 
. and Industry in Strasbourg 
and the Bas-ftftin 

The C.IEJJ&. organizes French courses at aB tevete 

- from 1st to 25th July 1986 ' 

- from 1st -to' 29th August 1986 

aswai as a French couree in business aid commercial 
16m J«ie jo 11 906 (Preparation for the 1 "Certificat 




Detafed brochures care be supplied or sent by enquiring al the . 

* " " *£L K,eb ? r hnmeuble “Concorde" - 67000 

(Ranee) - Tel: OTO 33 68 22 02 13. 


Italian hoiidayc 
gram value. The most 

yM prete rfuf beaches, islands, 
fafcos «nd mountains under 

and culture; self catorina or 

end a variety of travel 




or camps that Cater for every whim 

i *■ 

Katy Jessica (right) is a lov- 
able splodge of a person with - 
an irresistible smiJe and an 
impressive umfcmarriage but 
she is less than two years old 
and therein lies a problem. 
Her pleasures are random and 
/.-V spectacular, her pains unpre* 

- > ^ dictable. her mode of progress 

through life an exaggerated 
peripateia. That odebratad 
physicist Werner Heisenberg 
revolutionized 20th-century 
science, with his enun'dadon 
of the uiKertainty principle. In 
Katy Jessica it is made flesh. 

All this was known — in 
theory — before she arrived. 
Bui it took my wife and I the 
better part of a year to 
discover exactly how our holi- 
days were to be transformed. 
/ Svehe hotels, isolated cot- 
tages, wild landscapes and 
’ --r unaggravated horizontality 
: had — all of them — io *go. 

... c ": We came, by degrees, to the 
- :$» consideration of an Alterna- 
:■ '•_/% UVe Place of Resort. 

: =: Mentioning a holiday camp 

in liberal society is like saying 

- V’' you wear boots in the bath. 

Your marketing profile is 
.. - immediately reassessed. Once 
upon a time this -would have 
been my own reaction. Images 
. ■ ; < of sauce bottles On tables and' 
. . .7 Hitler-youth-style antics on 
concrete parade grounds rise 
: irresistibly to mind. Even, now 
' ' I am not sure how it aU came 
--*• about. 

; >. What attracted us. essential- 

ly, were the fecilities. for 
‘ v • >« children. Our first venture was 
• at a Ladbroke’s holiday centre 
' near Bognor. As the second 
summer with Katy Jessica 
' approached, my nightmare 
'•"V. was of a dreadful, shackled. 

( CAMPING it up ) 

6 Her pleasures 
are random and 
spectacular 9 

aimless, trailing fortnigbi with 
■ the entire holiday revolving 
round children’s zoos, model 
villages and small discoveries 
of cigarette ends and apple 
cores.- It was then that we 
discovered the Savoy Country 

The Savoy is tomorrow's 
holiday camp. It is small and 
family-run. It consists of cha- 
lets set in landscaped, traffic- 
free grounds. It has three 


Savoy Country Club, 

Yarmouth, Isle of Wight P041 
ORJ {0983 760355). FuH board 
(exd.VAT): adults, £100-£140 a 
week; children £42- £84 (ages 
2-15). First child under five, 
free. Ladbroke HoBdays (0493 

squash courts, three tennis 
conns, four swimming or 
paddling pools, sauna, steam- 
room, spa bath, multi-gym. 
fitness trail, bowling green, 
putting course, pfitanque (bou- 
le) pitch, snooker and table 
tennis rooms and an entire 
hall devoted to space invaders 
and kindred technology. 
There are dozens of organized 
activities, none of which is 
thrust at guests, and a wonder- 
ful institution known .as the 
Skylark Club, which keeps 
older children occupied 
throughout the day. 

There is also a day nursery 
for babies and younger chiL 
dren and a night-time baby 
listening service linked to each 

It was these last two assets 
that Upped the balance. None 
of the holds we investigated 
could compete with such facil- 
ities. We calculated (correctly) 
that they would make the 
difference between a stress- 
free holiday and a Special 
Branch-style surveillance 

Hi-de-hi does have its com- 
pensations, however. At 
Bognor, where certain collec- 
tivist traditions survived, my 
-wife entered and won the 
Name the Tune competition. 
She was awarded a teddy bear 
the size of a small grizzly, 
which we named Lexington, 
after the chief Wuecoat, and 
which now has its own chair in 
the dining room. It is, in ite 
way. a memorial to an experi- 
ment that succeeded. Katy 
. Jessica loves it . 

Nicholson Lord 

Spot checks on Spanish seats 

A grey wintry dawn is ‘break- 
ing on Wimbledon Common 

mg — 

casting a dubious sunrise over 
the woodland glades, hikes, 
fairways and marshes of this 
rural corner of London. The 
regulars are out already, trudg- 
ing with their pairs of pedi- 
grees through the bronze 
bracken and ladyfern, or 
lolloping track-suited through 
the mistv gone, or even - a 
touch of grand lunacy this — 
splashing in the icy depths of 
Queen smere where a long- 
standing tradition allows men 
only to swim naked before 

While the joggers indulge in 
their isolation, the doggers 
greet one another with re- 
strained camaraderie, ex- 
changing only their pels’ 

Two million trees and 1,140 
acres of com monland encom- 
pass Putney Heath and Lower 
Common, and stretch down to 
the River Thames. With day- 
light comes the first of the 
redcoats - the golfers who are 
still required by a 1 00-year-old 
by-law to wear “a red coat or 
other red outer garment" as a 
warning to the other Com- 
mon-users who have legal 
rights of way over the course. 

It was not always so. Once 
part of the estate of 
Wimbledon's Lords of the 
Manor, the Common was 
used traditionally for grazing 
animals and collecting limber 
and brushwood. Little more 
than ISO years ago one third of 
Wimbledon’s villagers still 
made their living from 


In 1871, the Commons Act 
marked the end of the feudal 
system and since then the 
Common has been ran by a 
body of eight conservators 
whose duty it is to “keep the 
Commons open and unen- 
closed, protecting the turf. 


Joggers and doggers_ 




• s*” 



The Spanish government has 
started a new dampdown on 
passengers travelling on "seat 
only” holiday charter flights. , 
Official investigators have 
carried out spot checks bn 
passengers using charters at 
Lanzarote, Alicante and Ma- 
hon and in one case a German 
operator was fined for .an 
entire charter-load of passen- 
gers who. it was alleged, could 
not produce accommodation 
vouchers. The maximum' fine 
this year for charter 
irregularities has been in- 
creased from about £50 ‘ to 
£500 per passenger. . 

•David Shepherd, the . 
well-known wfld fife a tti sL Is 
hosting_two safaris in 

Zambia and Kenya to he 
operated by Abercrombie 
& Kent Travel in August and 
September. The Tamilian 
tear win concentrate on the 
Laangwz Valjey area while 
the Kenyan safari will take in 
the Masai Mara aad 
Sambaru reserves. The' 
safaris aire priced at £2^50 
to Zambia and £2,700 to 
Kenya. Information from 
Abercrombie A Kent on 01- 

Record flight 

Virgin Holidays is operating 
long weekends in New. York at 
an ail-in price of £299 which 
includes a ticket for a Broad- 
,w«y. show. .The price' also 
coversthe.retura night from 
Gatwick on Virgin. -Atlantic 
Airways and three nights’ 

accommodation at the Mil- 
ford Plaza or Century Para- 
mount Hotels, both located 
near Broadway. Departure 
from Gatwick is on Thursday 
afternoon and return early 
Monday, morning. 

French leave 

French Railways (SNCF) has 
spent almost £1 million on 
major improvements to the 
three ships which operate its 
Newhaven-Dieppe ferry ser- 
vice under the Seal ink banner 
and is claiming price reduc- 
tions in the peak season. Two 
adults travelling on breakfast- 
time sailings in August with a 
car up to 5.5 metres long 
would pay only £125 return. 

Philip Ray 

Wimbledon's windmill: the only remaining hollow post mill in 
gone, trees and other natural radios and the power ot arrest, 
products and preventing wan- 
ton destruction of birds . 

Birds abound, the 68 differ- 
ent recorded species including 
kestrels, pheasants, willow 
warblers, owls, kingfishers and 
three varieties of woodpecker. 

In the autumn there is 
blackberry! ng while winter 
heralds glimpses of shadowy 
figures who flit through the 
forests collecting firewood, 
wild mushrooms, even bag- 
ging the occasional illicit 

Half a dozen uniformed 
keepers patrol the Common 
on foot and horseback every 
day, armed with two-way 

CRAFT MARKET: Exhibition 
demonstrating and selling 
many traditional and 
contemporary crafts - 
weaving, wood-turning, metal 
sculpture and so on. Also 
some fine rocking horses, sffle 
smocking and mother-cf- 


ndAMMoHm ntbomMa. Fw ywwJWS 
rii^iWn nitucTif uri 

■samel: 0444 458177.1 - 

Malta’s latest tourist 

Heathrow Terminal 4. 

Air Malta is the only scheduled airline to fly direct toMaha from 
Hearhrowjet alone rhe brand spanking new Terminal 4. And yer our 
prices start at just £135 return. 

for reservations, please call 01-930 2612 or see your travel agent. 

" : MrnflQRp 

promise you a warm welcome. 

Arts Centra Hail. Warwick 
University, Coventry, 

Further information from 
Patrida Beswick 
(0290 870040). Today 
10 am- 6 pm. tomorrow 10am- 
5pm. Adult 80p, child 40p. 

EXHIBITION: Highlight of the 
displays Is an 8ft by 5ft map^ 
showing every canal in the 

British Isles constructed or 
authorized by Aetof 
Parliament since 1563 to 
the present Also on display 
are a Uto-size model of a 

narrow boat cabin, a BoHnder 


Waterways Museum, Stoke 

Brueme, Northerns 
(0604 862229). Today until 
mid-October. Tues-Sun. 10am- 
6pm. Adult El, child 50p. 

AT WHIPSNADE: Visitors to 
the children's zoo can see 
penguin chicks being hand 
reared and watch fledglings 
find their sea legs In a pool. 

Also there are the new 
outdoor tortoise pens where 
spur-thighed tortoises are 
being reared. 

Children's Zoo, WMpsnade 
Park Zoo. Dunstable, 

(0582 872171). Mon-Sat 10am- 
6pm, Sun 10 am -7pm. Adult 
S3, chad 5-15. £1 60. under-5s 

Many craftsmen and women 
sefling- their wares and 
demonstrating their skills in the 
public rooms of the 
Hariaxton Manor house. 

. Hariaxton Manor, 

Grantham, Lincolns hire. 
Further information from 

Brian Hawken (0476 860648). 
Today, tomorrow, 11am- 
5pm. Adult £1 , ChHd 50p. 

Judy Froshaug 

Most are rx-servicemen who 
live with their families in 
houses scattered over the 
Common, including one in the 
base of the famous windmill, 
now a museum. 

The only remaining hollow- 
post mill in Britain. 
Wimbledon's windmill - re- 
cently restored at a cost of 
£25.000 — dates back to the 
mm of the century, although 
there have been mills on the 
site for nearly 400 years. The 
museum houses the loaned 
relics of other windmills as 
well as an illustrated history of 

Nearby stands the elegant 


5 miles 

. Beauty spots can easi- 
ly be smothered by the 
, numbers of folk who 
come to visit that beanty. 
Such is Broadway in sum- 
mertime; goon a brisk day of 
winter with the glint of 
sunshine threatening to melt 
the butter-hue of the lovely 
bouses and yon really can 
“give your regards to 

. During the coaching era 
from about 1600, 
^Worcestershire village 
below the escarpment was a 
bustling place of commerce 
with more than 30 inns. 

On the Stow Road a 
waymarked path dips over 
sheeplands to a high lane 
covered with a delicate lat- 
tice of beech branches. 

Back on the A44, the route 
of the stage coaches is 
straight to Fish HilL The Inn 
here is historic and was the 
subject of eulogizing verses. 

Britain now houses a museum 

mansion. Cannizaro House, to 
which the kings and queens of 
Europe once flocked and 
which was regarded by Wil- 
liam Pitt the Younger, a 
regular visitor, as his unoffi- 
cial country home; the adjoin- 
ing park is’ open to the public 
free of charge. 

There is a strong historical 
flavour to Wimbledon Com- 
mon dating back to neolithic 
times. Caesar's Camp, to the 
south, is still the subject of 
speculation among archaeolo- 
gists. some of whom believe it 
to be an ancient fortification 
against early invaders. 
Caesar's WelL to the north of 
the Camp, lies in a small 

sanay nae*, 

shrews, as well as rabbits, 
foxes, squirrels, 
bats and grass snakes. Along 
the tree-lined banks of 
Qwensmere lurk 
natterjack toads and great 
crested newts. . 

Although the animals are 
unquestionably the true in- 
habitants of \fcirnbledon 
Common, many of the regular 
users feel such an affinity for 
their local “country estate 
that they pitch in voluntarily 
to contribute to its well-being. 
Housewives collect the rub- 
bish. a pensioner saves the 
con sen ators £1.500 a year by 
delivering the rate demands 
by hand, and one middle-aged 
man clears the ditches as a 


Others, such as ihe profes- 
sional football and running 
clubs ihai train on the Com- 
mon. have to pay for their 
pleasures. The 24 soccer, rug- 
by and hockey pitches are 
booked regularly and the two 
fairs each donate around 
£1.000 annually into the 
conservators’ coffers. 

Famous for its daffodils and 
crocuses in spring and rhodo- 
dendrons in early summer, 
Cannizaro Park combines the 
traditional with the exotic. 
There is an azalea tunnel and 
dell, a laburnum walk, a birch 
glade and a heather garden, as 
well as magnolias, camellias, 
amaryllis. Spanish bluebells, 
Easter lilies and Californian 
redwood trees. 

Sally Brompton 

Costwold Way to 


Broadway Tower and 
try Park is nearby. 

Keep to the right of the 
restaurant (in an old barn, 
with an excellent selection of 
food) and of the beech trees. 
Follow the twisting way 
around to skeletal woodlands 
where spectral grey mists 

ding. The isolated St 
Eadbargh's church was 
tucked away down a lane, 
away from the village, by the 
Normans. The field paths 
trodden by the worshippers 
of days long past lead bade to 

Richard Shurey 

Geneva Zurich 
tamnne Berne 

Fori free < 

p«pgr /l-)i£ 

Andalie nwber wii aurbroduire 
on individual faduriwe bofidivito 

Time Off LttL, 

Chester Cioae. 
London SW1X 7BQ. 




Our New SundOy Fa/e s mean 0ig 
savings H you book and pay uvahm 4 (lays o/ 
your departure, adufls and children go lor nan 
me normal return tare And you can lake your 
car ai modes cos and save on car-five 




^ A.-'f. I SW 

10 IROV ‘irtW 

MT now ecmvfvOi'JW' 

tD'jJ , -T83 i 162 

CrMlX> JM1» I 



iMjffivsr' 'frtrs.icx Hf annua 




To book telephone Portsmouth 

( 0705 ) 819416 

- or see your travel agent. 




■y - 


idem pbuw«s s«WB* 
mmga. ihr iw ii ■ EwmaTuB 
UDHtSHOCMcki UMOIM. S teal .CM W" ~ Sn* 


ggsse&isaai easJjs- 

BrnmisTSwri ^^maoh»D- A 



Ut b IMI ■ VM A*mmn saw 









4«ms nau 


itiB Rios sryteh. vsnaolfl ourdoor Mar 
ever. New you no longer need to choose 
between fashion and cranlon -enjoy both 
with this range of supettoy deagned 
dotlung from Mountain Emiipreom. ihe 
arnipanv «"*i 24 yeen experience of 


Wuiia Bada WsBnota* 


£ iMDHlMfM 


bmr I^MOinSwiB -YHiaWWiSII 

|KfU,OL T * aw 

wmwhb wii ogna K Eraa. - Ti»o^ « — 





SK Wffl PBWWKWTt*** ■ 

Bmh bmiwu. 






Look and feel greai with onB sei ol clothing ideal for 
any aiuanon. be n navel, lesute or work, the Freesyle 
" polycotton rarge is both wind resstam and Itghtwatghi and 
» para need io say lookmfl gtmd tar a lung time. Jack®, 
shin and mi users logeiher weigh less ihan the average 
.end jacket .yei keep their smart appearance bvbb after 
■y* being packed inn a small space. (Wusmuod right.) 


Ubrsfleece is a unique close weave polyester fabric 
double brushed nuo a luxurious soft hmsh and 
amazingly durable. Ideal for both spotting 
and social occasions, the Utaafleece 
range is mailablB m a variety of 
attractive designs and colours and 
features superb warmth, wind- 
proof and vfiJimg qualntss. 
iniuarsted left) 

See Moimiam Equipmem dotlung at ihe 
sodrists listed here nr said for more daada. 

FosT-TodIy n 

Phase send me year new faB colour Sonny/ 
Summer '86 catalogue. I bkIdsb 40 p «*»ds 
pOB and packing T 1 

DgHpuCMP* IbUIh* 
HM *a mda» wnr »■ 


- _ 



SUPPLIERS T 0 T4 EVEREST EXPEDITIONS | Sialytindy. SK15 ISP. Telephone D61-33B-8783. 



It’s the biggest choice of Breaks in Holiday . 

France and Spain you've ever seen. \\ 

In France , we’ve hundreds of Motoring Breaks: \ 
in Brittany, Normandy & the Loire, Hotel Touring and 
Go-As-You-Please Breaks, Golf Breaks, Gite Breaks. 

Paris Hotel & Apartment Breaks. Coach Breaks, Relate 
& Chateau Breaks, Wine Workshop Breaks, Shopping 
Breaks.Manoir Breaks. 

In S pain , there are Motoring and Parador B reate, 
Mini-Cruise Breaks and Breaks in Northern Spain with 
and without your car. , , 

They’re from 2-9 days and they re all amazing 

value! D . 

There's never been a better time to take a breaK 

than now. Spring is here and the countryside is fresh and 
colourful and the delightful towns and golden beaches 

are quiet and relaxing. 

And with Brittany Ferries, you sail In style direct 
landing closer to your Break destinatioa so not a precious 

moment is wasted. t 

Phone us today for your Big Book of Breaks, or see 

your Travel Agent 

(0705) 751708 OR (0752) 269926 

* 1 24 ht Broehaje Service 


The Holiday Ferry a , 

wharfltoad.F0rtsiim<iaro2BRD.Td= (0705) 827701. Mahay Pods. HymmHhm3EW Tel: (0752)221321 


-■ ;1 nni-i 

s h»! 
^..1 nnv 

P'j -or 

rj' .nioas. 

f---. t p.“,rv 

C\. ulGP2 

■<r - p to £ 

:c ' 

;... iurci.s 

•h: Is for 

. : j, 







•s. Mr 



ft lid 







r) — 

h his 


i. cn 
m A r. 













PI; — 





0- j!- 

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\ j:ir» 














THE times SATURDAY APRIL 19 1986 


» 7 a k yt Vi u 

fTIZilfWiU ^u 
W w t*y- * f t 1 

Seat-only MoreysncB to 13 destinations. • Cornpattiv^all-indusivE feres - no 
edras or surcharges lops; • Stivfeiuphss— l nwnih. • SchetJuted aa\time 
Rights- no consolidations. 9 DaiK ifepaitures&QmHeathnw. Mancheserand 
new Gatwick- Madrid • Fulldaaikandinaantoon^attr rewvaiiQos&om 
vmirt^TA rrwri ag ynL Orring Iberia: London (01) 457 5&22 (ffliingl 
' Birmingham (Q3IJ 6*3 1953. Manctesfcr (06 ] ) 436 644*, Gkzsgw 
(041) 2486581. AUmaior credit cards accepted. 

Florida from 

£249 return. 

Seats available, book now- 

From £249 return adult/ 
£199 return child. 


From £299 return adult/ 
£199 return child. 


From £299 return adult/ 

£199 return child. 

Offer valid between April 20 and May 28 
on Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday 
flights. Minim um stay seven days. 

For further details phone B ritish Airways 
on 01-897 4000 or contact your travel agent. 

British Airways 



enchanted islands, 
the Galapagos: still 
a Paradise where 
animals and men 
peacefully co-exist 

.departures ' 
22nd July 19 days 
from. £2,636 
29th September 
19 days from 

T\v[CK ers Wdrlo 

from £676 




from £624 

f W»J x 4«j 


For sii the macicai 
derails call — 


Distover Jeresatero or T«l Aviv oa oar 
spend spriog departares from £179 


22/4 8 MS- B/S £199 

30/4 8 nts. B/B £219 

30/4 5 fits. B/B £179 


fora tree colour brochmacaB 01 S35833S 

junns» 014868371 (BOLUS* 

the real 

EaewadwcniMk- HoUByatome 

most Murid icgana ol MaHn. . 

ftriuons * ItetRW" «•*«»" 
■Saga and Ml ptaMtbf me » 
Asn MWw«Mlf WWi 

Hon s w h s ana f«H=a»iMriWs. 

QiMar and soisorisoaeiw «B» 
3* Mar mmmNia 
01-7732618 ' ‘ 

C w » M a o a» ~ w i nuwn SMBODO 



0293 776979 



01 486 9356 


rtWZEAL A*Pj g%j t 

muNPrt^* 1 ^ 

ALAAKVC. CJUtVOOna. Prtwrt* 
luxury \lu. pool mauL 

bcricti and image. Most 

data awabie. THrobo nr Mr 
WaUer. Ol JB8 0061 or 102771 
226578 net. 



«n o Ge&SqM* or 5b fansk m fw 

CHnaMf. H«sm (OaSZ- 
• 2S6S3 fc* orotourbrnAw* 



cm i «ofcwwoonHai.6to«ars*t« 



JUAMWE Private vfBa with 1 
POOL Salt 6/12. Also vaa tor 

a. a. juty through s«*. aw 

U T>fc 0782 27*100 <py)| IBM. WOW, WH. STO. 
0782-386650 A - w /«rt, OWt V. MHWaMt 

muse on mnDfui nghuri »• 
tale. 1 week Ang ia Tel: oi 
362 7657 

Are. rijs* Aprfl 26 • MW >o 

&9 pUToadriOS 108661 *1*61 



Cass ten fa Out) LCON 

JWvt»*i ?399 ISO 749 

7989 19U R3 
mb ISM 610 
Jta, 71® 8JS 450 


RguedtaWorid 1M9 MS 

ABM MO- iaa 


w I wins cmdi ns. 






anutmme pool, tennis. superb 
beach. 2 dMr bedrooms. From 
£126 per week. 0765886365. 

WMOBCA vitu 6/10. Avail 
SepcOcl. AM * 6. A Vak Jgot- 
July 18. Aug 22 on. WWh poos 
on roast TefcO4627703B2 



01*688 2255 

(Erfd 1970) 


A week’s self-catering 
with Blakes from £46 
(based on 4 adults) ind. 
return car ferry travel 
Call Wraxham (06053) 
2917 for deads. 

You'H Only Know 
By Being There. 



Nairobi. Ja'Buig. Cairo. Du- 
bai. busbri. Singapore. K.L. 
Delhi. BoMkot Hoar, Kong. 
Svdney. Europe. 4 The 
Amenta*. FbmiiMO Travel 
3 New Quebec Sl Marttc 
Arch London WIH 7DD. 
01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saturday 10.00-1300 

m Europe. USA A moM desttna- 
Dom Driwul Travel- 01-730 

cotintrytxKiMK. A lew Mace* 
Ml lor nonrnbt peomr wfto 
wrab lo travel wttb nke^ilnded 
companions. £896 Indurivo. 
vvnie tor tttuerarv m»d appttca- 
Uon l arm to Mon Warr-Klno. 
Drayton Beauenamp. Ayle» 
bury. HP22 BUS. 

AUST8AUA TBrtk ttcfcel Man- 
ner Available from Travel 
Australia. • Your guide to eoro- 
petutve cares + routes to 
Australia + New Zealand. Trav- 
el Australia 13 Bedford SI. 
NorwXJI. NR2 IAB Tet 0603 
630651 ABTA. 

8 BAT ART TOUR. Paris. Avri- 
tfoorn and AnWetdam 
Escorted by guide/ lecturer An- 
thony sunn. 2-9 August. £189. 
Buflalo Travel m. 9 Kings Rd . 
nnwicic. Bedford. MK46 1ED. 
Tel 0525 712132/71*673 


WALT gum world and an 
Uw attractions of Ortanda Flor- 
ida. 1 wk inc nob £299 
tdlMren £2*9». 2 w»«s.£S99 
l£289L Rtn fits £249 t£199L 
Deoti In May ex Gatwick m 
Mandtoter. Cad Jebave on 
0342312003 or 061 -499 2244, 
TOTUHKEY i & 2 wv. 2 centre 
boodays. self drive, coacst 
tours, yacht charter. Individual 
lUnenes FREE brochure. 01- 
434 1962. 01 -788 8 030 124 
o-w £396 rtn £6*5. Auckland 
o/w £420 nr £77*. JohurV 
O/w £264 rtn £470. Loo Ange- 
les O w £ 1 77 rtn £336. London 
FbgM Centre 01-570 6332. 

AptO 'May ocpte Disney Work) 
Special £299 met car IN 7 days 
. accoro. Peak season Hy/arlye 
Ir £379. Perogor. Rubiip 59900 


One of the best 

RuSbg & 
Wndmrfnn centre M <be Med. 
Hotel Sfc. poofs 4 oceSent 
i wluw rii. 

287 Groan Lanes, 
London N13 4 XT 
Tal 01 882 3925 (24Jm) 

MOL 1248 «IA 

KXHmOKE A Rom Trnwri 

Dbighy Sailing A W manuring 
holiday at one of Europe M 
equipped centr e * Exetonj C*» 
ub lo beach barbeques A *» 
lerslde lavernas. Family holef 
For eta brochure M 01-360 
2201. ABTA 6*212 ATOL. 
brov-mk ‘Best holiday ever" 
irom L660 p w. lor « persons A hmrh. oo hm»y 37H 
crewed Olamarmv Sianela 
Vac hi Club 0827 72I7B9. 
crewed motor yacM Jr. £1000 
pw. 01-737 3861.C24|1IS).01- 
326 10005. AIOC2091. 
Offer Tri Travel Cruises 
(0*0241 52297 ABTA 
DOUBLE CABM vacant 1st June 
t superb crewed motor yacht 
Turkey. Qi *62 7809. 
GREECE /TURRET Skippered 6 
bareboat charter from C9CL per 
day. Tet SlramaO706S62BJA 

Super vilas A Apts wtti pools. 
7ms from £129. 


Vita. pooL car & fte afl »id 
7 nts from £161 



ATDL 1321 

_ . Priv villas by Jhe sea. 

8k direct at 1985 prices. 17 yis 
as specialist in S'Alear. All July 
and some August with extra re- 
ductions. S*Algar. 12 
Soutotwlds Rd. UUWftandNoii. 
W Sussex 0903 724477 
MENORCA * bed villa, part of 
lovely fprmhoiMe with pool I 
mop from quM cove, avail June 
Aug SrM Get Tet 0704 8*0161 
MDtORCA Private villas al su- 
perb locatton nr COM - Budget 
pnees. Cm- Avail. 02403-7193 




GRAND CANARY fUBy furnished 
apanmeni in beauttfnl modal 
complex special reductions 
May. June, let <0031 779673 
evenings aDd' week ends 
TENERIFE. Beach apt pool bar. 
beeps 2-6, FT CB6pw. 0903 




tax^petad CQTTAfiS nro mad 
a auNf. tan B**ro Id ttt Ota 
D*Aa> - R a prica an iwdy on 
dJonf Car fany nc. Abo tad 
CMwog and Ms) Mtayi. 

Colour trafuB 

ComfomNe 3 bedroom private 
propaty. s/p od fa owi SdOO sq . 
msbapat. Gastronm; Mson- 
U and w* area. «to yowg 

jSgfft55opw| 21486 TP 
13 SffT ff2B9J» (m or ai&DO 
tor period] 

TB: 9252 722 582 M/E« EVE. 

owned km vIBas avadabie lo 
rent- Grasse A cap Feral Con- 
tact: Susie Ashley Farrtn.vttta 
Rqybe.Tb: 0753 663SBS. 

ST IHOm. Luxury «rd fir BaL 
□op sea and town centre. 
Swim pool and gardens. Stas 6. 
Avail /tdy A August. £396 Jkw. 
Tel: 01-947-1600 

SW FRANCE A ttr a ct i ve home In 
rural settmg f or 6'8. AU mod 
cons. AvattaMe 28 June-12 
July A 30 Aug- 13 SUM. Phone 
Peatbog Magna 278 after 7 pm. 

FARMHOUSE Western Lobe. 
Stas 6- Wu- trims coat From 
£1 lO PW. Tat 0677-63792 

S FRANCE Cottage tnhimopwtpe 
village, cnaepea/take. slps*/6 . 
From £125 pw. oaa«-7S3706 

Certrtaa courses 
£25 b«y mei 

19a SOHO SO 
unnoN vnsa 
81-734 3094 (24tn asa] 

AW 2106 


Childrens holidays 

fol AnvunutE moumvl 

tards. aeetoded VSa only 3 mtts 
Irwi tae / v kmu iwph an! taftao 
noos eaeN *» adptang Rime 
roodaro Ucben & Urge Ireng ama 
teaira two anace. TTwcu^y 

fEaTOTWUBO Tor ac MBi wBOiy. 

From «dy £200 p* 

Tet 01-660-7868 


COSTA RRAVA Tossa de Mar 
Static borne an beauaM rile, 
dose to an amenWes Inc 
bar/pooL Sleep* 4,8. Many 
daws available from £«9 pw 
tot TO:- 0905-773646 

sl we«b. S o ntw et. t07*gi 
76715. Cot Brattl Of ISO 
- MW IB EM OscouM fates. 



H O T. E L 


lajogamgB. auawa 

Spring ’conias ^rty to 
ComwO. eapsctoOjr to our 
magnfBcent show gdns toad- 
tog to prime com. Enjoy 
smart) ctdton» & attentna 
santoa. Racqmwndadtylba 
bast guides 

Mlft ht phone tor broctatt 
Yoa deserm E 


Avtai. July 23 - Aug 8 £160 

P-W. Stas a stotny gard. 

Td.tR 221 3*19 


n o wmea. SDPFOEK 9«n»rt> - 
fasmbooM A chantang period 
cottages to Ht. AA sip & Abo 4 
roomed mutest *B 2 Sur- 
rotuidcd by cubtryoM. 6 imps 
want sea. Help available Tel: 
09278 2327 


days. Tet OI 250 1358. 

offer. £330 lor 14 lUghta indud- 
toq free watersporta and Fun 
Board. Rtng 01-631 3278 Peier 
Siuyvraaiu Travel. ABTA 
ATOL 1817. 

Buckingham Travel. ABTA. 
01-836 8622. 

New Zealand Genume dBcouat 
fare* OTC. 01-602 3236. 

Ben Travel. Tel OI 386 6414. 

USA room £99 Motor travel. OI 
486 9237. (AT A 

2=3 R 

are offered Cor the whole fam- 
ily. Hobdays from £20 per 

person per •** to coRaeea. 


ill W 


Choice erf 7 night itineraries. 
Saturdays 31 May to IS 
Odobec 1986. Prices from 
oriy £239 pp ex London. 

M cruises on fuB board; all 
cabins with private facilities. 


Limited sugfeca&ios 

available at 
£2S9(saviig £40}ea 
‘Basilea’ Bane Cruise 
31 Hay &7 Jane 

For free brochure see 
your travel agent or telephone 



11 Conduit Street London W1 

MOATROb. beta*. Alderney b- 
landl Ol 836-4383. ABTA. 

ODEA WATS Mb Seif-catering 
houdays to tytocaBy Cn gtah 
settings Specialists In all parts 
of .Wiltshire & In Hampshire. 
Dorset. Somerset. Exmoor • 
South Devon. Discover your 
Hideaway tn our superb free 
brochure Hideaway*. 4 Bridge 
Street. Salisbury. Win*. SP1 
2LX. Tel. (0722) 24868 124 hrsl 


THE BEST VKAAS are In the 
Palmer 4 Parker Mue booh. 
Available to Algarve. MarbeHa. 
South ol France. USA & West 
indies. Most have staff, au have 
private boots A none are cheap. 
Brochures 1049 481) 5413 

b e droom flat, lounge, garden. 
Sleeps 4. Swimming pool . 
beach 5 minutes. 01 672 9342 


My beautifully appointed vil- 
la. on the toa and 
overlooking a sandy beech, 
stems 7. la fumonrd 4«d 
eo ump*d ro the highest stan- . 
dard and has a lovely sun 
terrace and loggia 11 ks avail- 
abte'in May for £1750. June 
lor £1976 and Hrsl fortnight 
In S epte mb er for £950 
Telephone 0S25Z3 136 



2wksAir/VDla Prices from Adult Child 

COSTA DEL SOL IMav £135 £105 

COSTA BLANCA 3/10May £129 £ 99 

ALGARVE 1,8 May £149 £119 

LANZAROTE 1/8 May £169 £139 

Villas dose lo the beach in the Algarve, Coda 
Verde, Costa do Estoril, Costa Blanca, Costa 
Brava, Costa del Sol, Menorca, Majorca, Ibiza, 
Lanzarote, Fuerteveotnra, Scathes, Corfu, 
Paxos, Rhodes, Symi, Crete, Turkey, Italy, 

Elba, Sardinia, Corsica, Brittany, S.W. France, 
S. France and Antigua. 

Can ns on (0223) 311113(RamtaioBil 

(0223) 353222 C4hrbroefaBre request line) 

Beach Villa* (Holidays) Ltd. (Dept t), S Market Passage, 
Cambridge CB23QR RMHaAtnikHhthTlaaiU fiiUUtnr. 

III* (piUUlflP. 

MONDAY Ed»UaK Unrver- WEDNESDAY LsCAnede la 

Over 1-4 mflHnn of the *rty AppotnonnUs. Prep, ft Public CrtmetSeotaanal/PA apporntmenis 

mnrt iffin. t ■- u, School Appointments, Educational over £7J00L General secrelaml. 

most alD nttol peopl e fa th e Comses.Sdwfai^ips&Rdkro^ Propertr: Rcsidenlul. Commercial 
cocntry read the ct ass m ea Ij cMme de la O we Town ft Country. Overstis. Rentals. 

etAmms of The Times. The TUESDAY Computer Karinrc 

following categones ^gg a comprehensive guide to the THURSDAY Genenl Appuim- 

readarlYeveiY week, and compuwr market mews ChiefEAKUbvcs. Managing 

^ swtPTBnv^arcBnwMnipd Lr ^ aS Appoinbneali: Solicitors. Directors. Directors. Saks and 

Commercial Lawyers. Legal MaAelingExecutivcsandOvereeas 

Dy relevant editorial amoes. ofTiceis. Pnvate ft Public practice. Appointments, including a new 

THURSDAY General Appoint- 
ments Chief E*eeulives.Manzging 
Directors. Directors. Sates and 
Marketing Executives and Ove reeas 
Appaintmems. indudtnga new 

Use the coupon (right). Legal La Creme: a new classifies- classification entitled Financial aad 

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4 '- 



Front runners in the back business 

- * One person in 

\ five suffers 
~ } from backache. 

'■ V>. 1 '-' * 

Charles MOgan 

: - -Vi- ,' v* VS 

Beryl Downing 
looks at some 
new products for 



easing the pains 


r r- - 

ri 1 he bad back business 
Jr T* 5 *,,; R is booming. One per- 
gf son far five lias back- 
,* 4 r 1 ". -A. ache, and not aD the 

- su ff erers are Old — one in 10 is 
'“■ -n^’’ under -19. The most recent 
- „ v •>; survey showed that back pain 

' •O’: cost the National Health Ser- 
n . - vice £l 56 million, and indus- 
try £1,018 million in lost 
.. production. 

• . ' Two years ago an outcrop of 

*-*-* - -*St specialist shops offering pain- 

j ' ‘ reari n g products appeared in 
‘■“I ^ T "«a v London. Chester-care, which 
; bad operated a mail order 
''- x ' service for four years, opened 
„ v ' in Hampstead, The Back 
Store appeared in Hammer- 
smith. The Back Shop in the 
West End. 

>■. ‘ ' L. 



, •/' • 

exaciiv the right supper, for 
each fp-divid-ja! back and will j 
crease a firm lumbar cushion 
special I > for you. 

A lining is necessary, so that 
the support is moulded evactly 
to >our shape. It is made of 
t^ass fibre covered with a thin 
layer of foam and a black or 
brOAn upholstered and wash- 
able covering and it is kept m 
place ir. the small of the back 
by straps which faster, round 

.fur ‘ 

Hardback or easy option? The Orthopod's home traction for £325, or Cintiqne's Araberlev rediner in wool tweed for £383 

.. Now the first foreign com- 
. petition is about to invade — 
the French company 
Anatomia will open in the 
Euston Centre inMay. 

The owner, Henri Kogan, is 
a man .with a mission. He 
V; comes from a medical family 
, and has devoted 26 years to 
making, buying and selling 
~ m > products to help back pain. . 

***&, His approach is less gym- 
m nastic than some of his British 
, v ;r‘ competitors. “Design and 
comfort is my theme"', he 
says. “There are three golden 
rules for back sufferers — a 
good bed, a good chair and a. 

‘•'y: gOOd pillOW." 

' Among the specialities be . 
> will be bringing from France 
are a pillow scooped out in the- 
»<: - centre to bold the bead in 
exactly the right position dur- 
- ing sleep, a bed with a flexible 
_ slatted base which keeps- the. 

spinal column perfectly 
— . aligned, and a gadget called 
the Quartza 

This looks like a stream- 
- •' lined stapler and works on a. 
” trigger action, producing 
sparks of static electricity, 
without batteries and without 
current Put to the skin it feds 
-- like tiny pinpricks. 

fates the production of 
endorphin, the body's natural 
morphine, which relieves the 
aches. Nobody pretends that h 
is a core, simply a temporary 
solace, lx is suitable fin 1 any 
inflammation of the muscles 
-and -cannot, do any harm 
(although people with pace-, 
makers and pregnant women 
should not use it). . 

I n Kogan's 10 Boutiques 
du Dos in France 20,000 
have been sold within 
die past eight months. 
“But what does an expert with 
no commerical involvement 

ihink oF i? I asked Mr Stephen 
Eisenstein, director of the 

The theory is that, a pplied 
- to the painful area, .it sumts- 

Department for Spinal Inju- 
ries at Oswestry’s Orthopaedic 
Hospital, for his view. “The 
endorphin theory is not 
proven", he says, “but, like 
''acupuncture, it does succeed 
with some patients and you 
can't argue with success". 

The British-made items 
■ which Anatomia win stock are 
the Backfriend, which Henri 
Kogan considers to be the best 

of its ' kind, and the new 
.-reclining - chair called 
, Amberiey made by Gntique,' 
' who specialize -in supportive 
chairs. • 

.; it is the most comfortable 
chair I have ever tried. It giyes 
- firm -support in each of its 
three; positions —upright, 

' samHiecUhed-and fully re* 

dined — and it operates sim- 
ply by leaning back, so ii is 
e^y to use for people who are 
unable to grip levers. 

It is traditionally styled 
andcomes in dark or light 
wood and with a variety of 
covers, so it could fit in with 
all but the most avant-garde 
interiors. It costs from £350 
according to fabric and is also 
available from John Lewis. . 

In the other shops the 
products are much of a much- 
ness - chairs to improve pos- 
ture, supportive cushions for 
sitting and driving, heat and 
massage accessories. The Back 
Shop’s approach is the most 

clinical with a staff of quali- 
fied physiotherapists, 
equipped with what They will 
advise and demonstrate the 
inversion therapy exercisers 
which swing you upside down, 
helping to stretch the spine. 
The newest, exclusive to the 
Back Shop, is the Orthopod, at 
£325. Unlike other traction 
machines it suspends the body 
from the knees, which avoids 
putting the strain of the full 
body weight on the ankles. 

“There is nothing magical 
about this type of apparatus", 
says Stephen Eisenstein. “It 
provides traction compara- 
tively cheaply at home and is 

Phi pointing the 
problem: the Quartzo 
(above) eases pain with 
static electricity: £65 at 
Anatomia from May. 
Right, the Backfriend for 
chair or can £29.95 (£2 
p&p) from Chester-care. 

-iBustrations by Geoff Sims 

most likely to work with 
patients who have had some 
relatively mild strain. “There 
is an easy way to avoid 
making an expensive mistake, 
if a patient is able to hang 
from the lintel above the door 
and achieve relief then that is 
the type of person who will 
derive benefit From such a 

The chairs at the Back Shop 
and at the Back Store are 
mainly variations on the 
ergonomically designed 
Balans “kneeling chair", 
which supports the body in foe 
natural position of a kneeling 
child and keeps the spine 
straight - suitable mainly for 
working at a desk or drawing 
board, less appropriate in the 
average living room. 

Chester-care offers not only 
back care products but also 
aids which would be helpful 
for people with other disabil- 
ities - beating pads for aching 
joints (£15.95), Lend-a-Hand 
claw-on-a-siick to pick things 
up without bending (from 
£7.75 to £10.25 according to 
length), long-handled woe 
horns (£4.50). A catalogue 
giving postal charges is 

All the back experts agree 
that good posture is the best 
preventive medicine. The 
Teleos Clinic in Cavendish 
Square believes in creating 

the wa:sL 

M ade-io-measure. 

foe support can 
be used in foe 
car, in a plane, or 
on any chair and costs £1 10. 
inclufong foe consultation and 
postal delivery. Those who 
subscribe to private medical 
insurance can recover £50 of 
the consultation fee. 

The Teleos Clinic has also 
started a Back School which 
offers lunchtime and after- 
work classes to help people 
help their racks - £25 for five 
sessions. Or >ou could simply 
adopt Stephen Eisenstein’s 
number one rule - get help. 
“The human spine is not 
designed to cope wiih signifi- 
cant weights. No one should 
tr\ to lift anything more than 
551b". he sajs. 

“Lifting shopping out of foe 
car boot is one of the com- 
monest causes for back pain - 
sou can't bend your knees 
because the pumper is in foe 
way. It is better to kneel on foe 
bumper if it is clean enough. 
so that you lift \ertically 
rather than when you are 
bending; People are simply 
too impatient these days. It 
may sound impractical but the 
best way to avoid back strain 
is to w^ii until someone is 
available to give you a hand." 

Ghee whiz — it’s 
best on the scales 


Anatomia. Euston Centre, 

21 Hampstead Road. London 
NW1 lopenmg in May). 

The Back Pam 

Association. 31-33 Park Road, 

Teddington, Middlesex (01- 
977 5474V. £10 annual 

The Back Shop. 24 New 
Cavendish Street, London W1 
(01-935 9120) and 142 
Brampton Road, London SW3 
(01-225 1829). 

The Back Store. 324a King 
Street, Hammersmith, London 
W6(01-741 5022). 

Chester-care, 16 England's 
Lane, London NW3 (01-586 

Cmtique Chair Co, 

Firm back Works, Andrews 
Road, London E8 (01-254 



•'•"v Spring it may be, but the 
British are stiff wrapped Bp in 

comforting winter reds. April 
is a difficult month for white 
wine?. Most merchants have 
~~ long since ran oat of last year's 
'•*) everyday whites and are anx- , 
• 3 iossly waiting for the fest iff 
the "85s. 

V Happily a few CaMagSted. 
merchants are already stock- 
ing the first wines of the new 
vintage. There are a few 
j . disadvantages to drinking 
wines which, have only just 
have been bottled and shipped 
. r as .they may not be at then 


At a recent tasting which 
... . Anthony Hanson ' from 
Haynes, Hanson & Clarke put 
on for me, we. tasted four jnst- 
' ' shipped white and red to- 
The first was a dry white 
Bordeaux — the 1985 Chateau 
Peynmley from Pierre Coste of 
Langon in the Graves, It was 
refreshing, green and spicy on 
the palate, tat had an on- 
. patting almost aniseedy scent 
. (£3.l9t The next wine, the 
white "85 Chateau Thiealey 
also from Bordeaux, made by. 

finds for 

the spring 

Monsieur Cbmseffe, suffered 
from similar problems. This 
*85 Saurignon W-» very odd 
oily smell but, on the palate, 
its racy green ceteti-Bke 
charm - made a . delicious 
mouthful (£ 3 . 68 ). Having tast- 
ed these whites in Bordeaux. 
Anthony Hanson was con- 
vinced that both were merely 
showing the symptoms of re- 
cent bottling which would 
disappear' in a month or so. . 

The two red wines in foe 
tasting were both in fine form 
although they had also only 
just been slapped. I much 
enjoyed the "85 Bordeaux 
Rouge, again from Pierre 
Cost®, a straight appellation 
contrdl&c daret with a rich, 
plummy -taste, 1 definitely a 
good bny at £3.45 a bottle. 

The last wine in the line-np 

was the best. A delightfully 
ripe, elegant, fruity "85 Bean- 
jolais Villages, the Cuvte de 
Soitel from Vins Dessalie. Its 
pretty carmine colour and 
classic Bean jobs nose and 
taste are boond to appeal to 
everjmfo. {Haynes, Hanson & 
Clark, 17 Lettfce Street, Lon- 
don SW6; 36 Kensington 
Church Street, London W8; 

Majestic Wine Warehouses 
also have a range of 1985 
wines in stock and are busily 
incorporating them into their 
new winetist (write to Majestic 
at Colma House, Colina 
Mews, London N15, for a 

In the meantime Majestie s 
excellent Hast Poitoa 
Cabernet Rosfi, is priced at a 
temptingly low £2.69. Don't be 
put off by its brimant fluores- 
cent pink; unlike the flabby 
style of an Anjoo rose, fob 
Hast Poitou pink was firm, 
dry -and fall of fruit and 

Hast Poitou's Saorignor 
1985 (also available at Majes- 
tic ami from London Wine 
_ Brokers, 15 Lots Road, Lon- 
1 don SW10, for £2.79) is 
I Messed with, a fresh bouquet 

Trees that burst with blossom 

•Ton, balanced mi 
tinged with oak 1 

‘■Elegant, with I ©mg 
finwdl ... 1 * 



From CUNE. a range of 
very fine wines mdiukng 
the mcomparable Imperial 
Reserves and Gran 



Jane MacQuitty 

The spectacular flowering 
cherry, pan of foe Prunus 
family, can be so covered with 
blossom that it is almost 
impossible to see foe young 
foliage which is just bursting. 

Any good garden soil, which 
is not heavy or waterlogged, or 
extremely alkaline or acidic, 
will suit most varieties. They 
should have some chalk, ana 
most varieties Like an open 
position but should be pro- 
tected from prevailing winds 
in the spring. The paler col- 
ours do best if they have an 
open site but are protected 
from strong midday sun. 

Prunus Tai Haku, the Great 
White cherry, has bronzed 
leaves which open in April, 
and large white flowers which 
can be about 3in across. It 
grows to a height of up to 25ft. 
PAmanogawa (also called the 
Lombardy cherry) has a dis- 
tinctly upright habit with fra- 
grant. semi-double pink 
flowers in late April/May. It is 
ideal for smaller gardens. 

Shirofugcru a spreading 
cherry has reddish-bronze fo- 
liage and pale pink flowers 
with a deeper pink blotch in 
the centre. P Kansan matures 


r *JS2i 

4 it , 


Brilliant blooms for birds: 

into a wide-topped tree. Dou- 
ble flowers of about 2‘6in are 
deep pink in the bud. opening 
to a distinct rosy-lilac. A good 
tree for avenue pjanting or 
where a strong tree is required 
in a difficult site. 

P Ukon has unusual green- 
ish-yellow flowera. Not a vig- 
orous tree, but it fits into a 
small garden very nicely. P 
Shiroiae has clear white flow- 

the Great White cherry 

ers which are semi-double and 
fragrant. It has a spreading 
habit and so needs room to 

P Ichiyo is an ideal speci- 
men, with its double pale pink 
flowers. It will reach about 
25ft, with a spreading head.P 
Fugenzo, similar to foe Kan- 
san. has lovely double pink 
flowers which open in early 
May. and an open habit. 

Fresh food bargains are no t 
e\ervda> event. With highly s 
perishable exceptions like < 
strawberries and peaches in < 
glut- foe stuff being sold off j 
cheaply is rarely the best So ; 
cur bit of foe EEC butter f 
mountain turns out to be S 
belter than your average j 
bargain. t 

For reasons best understood j 
bv foe marketing men, it has : 
beer, labelled with a new bit of 
terminology and called con- i 
cent rjicj butter. Cooks might 
recognize how useful it is , 
i more readily if it were marked | 
clarified butter or ghee, but , 
perhaps that is quibbling. At 
3 1 p for a 250g pack it is about 
half the price of ordinary 

Concentrated butter is un- 
salted. and foe milk solids ar.d 
most of foe moisture present 
in fresh butter have been 
removed. Tnis gives it a much 
loneer shelf-life than fresh 
butler and. even more useful 
from the cooks’ point of view, 
renders it virtually non-stick 
for frying. 

The speed with which butter 
burns is one of foe first lessons 
everv cook learns when foe 
knob foal was meant to be 
melting turns brown in an 
instanL The milk solids are 
the culprit, and without them 
the temperature of butter can 
be raised much higher before 
it begins to burn. 

Concentrated butter is not 
suitable for foe very high 
temperatures used in deep 
frying, but it is ideal for 
sau teeing and for cooking fish 
a la meuniere, indeed for any 
dish of this type where the 
taste of butter is wanted. 

Concentrated butter is also 
better than fresh for sealing 
terrines and pates and for 
making and sealing potted fish 
and meats. . 

In baking, its principal ad- 
vantage is price. When con- 
verting conventional recipes, 
the adjustment suggested is to 
cut foe proportion of fresh 
butter by 25 per cent when 
substituting concentrated but- 
ter. and make up the differ- 
ence by adding a Little extra 
liquid. Concentrated butter 
produces good results in short 
pastry but 1 have not tried it 
yet in full puff pastry or 
brioche and doubt its suitabil- 
ity for either. 

'The EEC concentrated but- 
ter is being sold by all 
branches of Sainsbury. Wait- 
rose. Asda, Safeway and Tesco 
and by some branches of Co- 
op ani Fine Fare. 

Sole is foe fish that is most 
often served a la meuniere 
(literally: in foe manner of the 
miller's wife) but of course 
plaice and other flat fish are 
equally suitable as are whole 
white "fish or trouL Flat fish 
should be cleaned, and foe 
head and the skin on foe dark 
side of foe fish removed. 
Trout can be cleaned and 
cooked whole. 

, The attractiveness of fish 
: cooked this way is foe thin 
» crisp coating of flour cooked 
} in butter complementing firm 
succulent fish inside. So it is a 
dish best cooked for one or 

two people at a time and 
served immediately. 

Sole meuniere 
Serves two 

2 Dover soles 

2 tablespoons milk 

55g (2oz) seasoned flour 
80g (3a z) clarified or 
concentrated butter 

30g(ioz) Iresn butter 
1 lemon 

A tew sprigs of parsley 

About 10 minutes before 
cooking foe fish, moisten 
them with milk and dip them 
in the flour. 

Heat the clarified butter in a 
frying pan until very hot. but 
not smoking, and put in foe 
fish. Cook them until foe 
coating is golden brown on 
one side, then turn and cook 
the other side. 

Transfer foe cooked fish to a 
hot serving dish and po ur die 
clarified or concentrated but- 
ter from foe pan. {Like oil. it 
can be strained and used 
again). Wipe foe pan clean and 
add the fresh butter. Heat foe 
butter until it froths and turns 
pale brown. Immediately pour 
it over the fish and serve at 
once with lemon wedges and 
sprigs of parsley. 

Char, a member of the 
salmon family found in foe 
deep lakes of north-west En- 
gland. has traditionally been 
preserved by polling. 

It was served, with hot 
toast for breakfast. Trout may 
be substituted for char and 
served as a first course or 
supper dish. 

Potted trout 

Serves six to eight 

Four plump trout 


Ground mace 

Ground cloves 

Cayenne pepper 
Clarified or concentrated 
butter, see method 

Choose a dish which will 
hold the fish snugly in one 
layer when they are arranged 
head to taiL There must be 

room for a sealing layer of 
butter to cover foe fish. 

butter to cover foe fish. 

Wash and gut foe trout, 
removing the gills and taking 
out the backbone in one piece 
with foe ribs. Season to taste 
with a mixture of salt, mace, 
cloves and cayenne, being 
careful not to overdo foe 
cloves which can be 

Lay foe fish on their backs 
in a buttered ovenproof dish 
and spread about a tablespoon 
of clarified or fresh butter on 
each. Cover and bake in a 
preheated cool oven 
(I50°C/300°F. gas mark 2) for 
about an hour. Allow to cool. 

Drain foe fish and arrange 
them on their bellies, head to 
tail, in the potting dish. Heat 
foe clarified or concentrated 
butter to lukewarm and pour 
it over the fish to cover them 
completely. Tap foe dish 
sharply to release any air 
bubbles. Leave until quite 

Crawford Poole 

>v?v5 -y- >:&?. ■: v immm : ' 




What are the advantages of 
taking .dahlia cuttings if. in 
the past, the old tubers gave 
a very good show? 

Many good dahlias have been 
produced from old stock 
plants, but you should ensnre 
they are in good health and 
have no obvious signs of 
disease. You are more likely to 
carry over diseases if yon take 
plants direct from the ground 
to overwinter. Also as plants 
get older they lose vigour and 
need revitalizing. Cuttings are 
new young plants and once 
they have formed roots are 
able to live on their own, the 
resulting plants being general- 
ly typical of the variety. 
Should yonr ' stock plants ht 
virused then either the old 

plants or the new cuttings will 
carry the vims. 

A box hedge, 30 to 40 years 
old. has become i’m’ top 
heavy, with the/o*vr 
foliage thin and sparse. Is 
'there any way to get the 
hedge to thicken out ? 

The main reason a hedge 
begins to die out at the base is 
because h has not been proper- 
ly dipped. The base must be 
eiveo as much light and air as 
possible. When the base has ! 
thinned, the first thing is to get 
the hedge growing vigorously. 
Give it a thorough watering, 
then apply a general fertilizer. 
Once growing vigoronsly CM it 
back to between 2ft 6in and 3ft 
of the base. Planting to thick- 
en the hedge rarely works. 

p— |WlNDr“ 

Green LINK-STAKES 10 support 
floppy piano Safe, unbreakable. 
Used by tbs Nanonal Trust. 

Dan. MT I. l)op« eoddrtfnn. 
Dswnry. NNll QL Tel 0327 60329 

A'.** ^ ^ ! 

Ashley Stephenson 

/"TteGartenBookJ BraoteDortng 
% tondasteyfftfi 
7 F«i»'mCt)*ourB.PmuiHe^ 

£ BtnflonM 

k Alan TBcforash's Awnl-Ganlereng 


9 Readgr'sDlgKtHwBlnfrated 

GeoflrerSmffli'sWortdti FtawsBBC 

in" ms 

'Wcc. i 




ga nteneenttBS. 

24 April-10 May 

Up u» 50% reductions on our 

beautiful taputiy and 
embnMefy kits, uoraMBtebto 

orfronly dsstgns, needtopowt 

accessories- SALE BY MAO. — 
sand El {mfundabla wHh orrisri 
far eotour sale catalogue and 

dataHs of free kit. 

GlorsfSto (ft OW MHI House. The 
fftkwway. MW HOI VUIaga, London 
NW 74 EH 01006 0212 . 

a pond makes} 

A Taste of 
Cordon Bleu 

Practical Cooker Classes 

The Cordon Bleu Cookery 
Senool announces the start of 
their Summer Programme (A 
popular soon courses lor the 
cook hostess. Courses range 
from a h»H or one flay a week 
course (fir 6 weeks to a 
concentrated T week 
introductory or advanced 

Cla5sec are small to ensure 
individual attention The 
courses vary to sun everyone 
tram the professional coon to 
the hostess who wants to cook 
well >or family and friends 


For lurthar details, please 

Th.- Cordon Bit* Cootnry Sihool, 
IMMarvUbeni Lant. Laudtm »7. 

- jer 

PC- n 






Op»ol day with free Hhfciion* and hinrfiiini»i»«aic.Cofc«Sl«o|kaJfat,8are and BianHaGM. 

i TO yo^ f ^Fri/Sol/Suiiwwwgs-bw^ 1T i°g rafi ^ w i^^^^^ , ^'^^ 0 ^ r,v * futfcwt * t - 


■■■fc Barbican Centre, Silk St. £C2Y 6DS 
01-638 8891 .'528 6795 
Telephone Bookings iQam-3pm 7 days a week 


f *YV:fc3.«»Ci 

'** *'■*$£'' r 



BBC Symphony Orchestra 

TOMORROW ax 730 


HAYDN Symphony No.98 
m. ROSSINI Stabs* Mater 

BBC Singers BBC Symphony Qmroi 

Monday 28 April at 730 


BERLIOZ Romeo a Juliette 


£L7S.£i25,£«-^»£7>W.£lOBmOffia; 01-928 3191 CC 01-9288800 




^nM ' *•**>* ™ ' ' 


v eeethoven . 


• «• **. m* * 


1 1 SB 5 5555555555 1 

g ,ra - * A 1 ? i r ^’3 

icier grrooLE 

MV- «f 

«|I.U O MM JM Zip 

1 vr!l l. ‘ t > 

l-ival Hallcelebrc 
music — 3 May 



;r, .v'GVoei sneer v* -h sc- 
ftU.V£££F WULMM k».ve 

sox office .va/hvc i:S7 





Principal Conductor: Giuseppe Sinopoli 

‘ Monday next 21 April at 730 



Beethoven: Symphonies No.2 and No3 (Eroica) 

£150. £A2S. £5L25. £630, £7.75. £9. £10. £1 1.50 
Avahbte fen HaU (01-928 3190 CC (01-928 S9J0J 

Tomorrow 20 April 7.30pm 


plays Sullivans ‘lost’ Cello Concerto* - 

SULUVAN ^ . ...... Overture *Di BaJJo’ 

SltLUVANy. Cello Concerto in D 

ELGAR Romance (arranged far cello) 

ELGAR - . — Enigma Variations 


conductor . , 

■ ’First performance of ihe work reconstructed 
by Sir Charles Mackerras and David Macliie 

Sunday 27 April 730pm 


Overture ‘Hamlet! Piano Concerto No I. 
Symphony No 6 'PathCdqne* 


Seat Prices £ 1 Ql 50 . £ 8 . 50 . £ 7 . 50 . 0 . £ 4 . 50 . £ 3 . 50 . 

Box Office Tel: IO- 8 evcry day iod. San 01 - 638 8 OTD 6288795 

Monday 21 Ajri 7.45 pm Barbican BaH 


with GeoigeMricoini conductor Ham MB— fltfle 
MnArRohleshiDp ' ‘ 

unnicn • - - - - — CoooritodeAanjoci 

MOZART Cooceno ft* Fhue and HarpiDC.K-299 

SetBarMam E s d ng sfo rfuB pnBmim edtteSs 
I4 l £5.S0J6.50 r £7S0, 3.50. HoB(U-638S89lf62B8?9S 
Sponsored by Scottish Equitabie 

— J l.~1 


f-, 7 , 


atawitrJMB P«g 

> — r— - 

■ fc r£7»*iT3vfT: 

38 Apt IHmdETno. ftMnKTidx ia Aafeor 
7 JO pm [Baton*: Trio nC Op 8f 
k*sL a sn. czscl C 2 






ml Acconui duo ftoarao«»» <*» nefude ■* tna BonPbootnj 
Cooo8Ao»Owo u i«ptm tl 8l llumn fly«nch o <wamuw»gnwSRino 
Ode IS. fiL £3. £2 

aradudfom Ud/Mqinore Summer MgMft. 

TUESDAY 9 APRIL m 743 pm 







Conductor/ Solo Violin: ERICH BINDER 

Leader — Vienna PM Hunn o aic , Conductor— 
Vienna Stare Opera. First London Appearance 

£J.£*S0.£19B. £450. £?.«. £8.50. £»«H«0V(-9» U9HCC. r9(-fi»MX» 

Wednesdav. 30 April 7.30pm Royal Festival Hall 


MOZART Symphony No 38 (The Prague) 

MAULER- - v Symphony No6 

£10 si. W. 50. CK 5a £7. SO. £6. £4.50. £3.50 
Mtimigeikriii Rtr\ tumid Cuhhnv 988 319U928 8800 

Friday 25 April . 

Barbican 7.45 pm 

City of London Sinfoi&t 

. oand u cted by Richard Ificke* ; " 
with Bradia Eden tc Akacander Tairir, 

'• Penelope Wal rndey -Oarfc, ' 

ffiffiam KowfaB, Step heo Vazcpp :.i. 

HAYDN ^Symphony No. & “ 
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Puno Cuocerra Pfe I. NatarKker Suite. 


50. £4.90. £5 50. ti oft t8-50.£9 50. £10 50 (ran Hjfl 928 11911928 8800 



New Series starts 27 April 

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20*i disesust if jtn book by poa fttr 6 or more Cofiee Gancens 

English Bacfa Festival 

Diroor Uaa I IfMitl QBE 

Banquet with Divertissement 

Banqueting House, Whitehall 

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cat tales 


: j j m - 


. ’** 

The manual workers and pea$- 
anis of 18t h-century France 
wbo, according 10 a chronicler 
of Montpellier in 1768, made 
up the fourth and fifth estates 
W the ancien regime. . were 
aigely obsessed with tooth- 

Robert Dam ton’s explora- 
tion of French cultural history 
adopts the anthropological 
mode and finds its sources in 
obscure neglected comers of 

archive deposits and library 

The Princeton professor’s, 
first sortie into the customs of 
the people is an investigation 
of the traditional tales they 
told among themselves which 
were mostly concerned with 
food and eating. As he ex- 
plains. the tales instructed 
“peasants how the world was 

f t together, and they provid- 
a strategy for coping with 

it". Such is the character of the 
Mother Goose stories, 
PerrauJt’s Conies de ma mere 
Foye of 1697 and, progressive- 
ly, of the other tales current at 
the end of the 18th century. 

Whereas contemporary 
German tales were notable for 

The “First stage of cruelty" by Hogarth showing cats being strong op and a dog tortured 

their cruelty, Daraton re- 
marks that . French stories 
were distinguished by their 
craftiness and their earthiness; 
“They take place in an in- 
tensely human world, where 
farting, de-Iousing. rolling in 
the bay. and tossing on the 
dung heap express the 
passions, values, interests and 

attitudes of a peasant society* 
now extinct”. • 

Darn ton’s sources are not 
the minutes of great councils, 
the diaries of secretaries of 
state, nor the memoirs of 
kings' intimates: rather they 
are the popular (olk-tales and 
parochial accounts written by* 
apprentices about local 

events, and the minutiae from 
dusty records penned by some 
minor official. 

Nicolas Contat. a printing- 
shop apprentice, described his 
own local difficulty in his 
summary of the Great Cat 
Massacre of the Rue Saini- 
Severin in Paris, in which he 
and his fellow artisan. 

Levrilte. killed with great 
barbarity all the neigh- 
bourhood cats they could find. 

They then staged a mock 
trial and strung them up on 
gallows. Of course, cals count- 
ed for nothing in those days. 
There was no animal rights 
conscience, and the incident 
was symbolic of what the 
apprentices could not do 10 
the primer and his wife. 

It was a priming workers' 
revolt, a minor Wapping dis- 
pute, and the massacre was 
thereafter re-enacted many 
times as a feu de joie and 
became a focal point distin- 
guishing tbc comfortable fot of 
the bourgeois from that of the 
labourers, hacks and 

Professor Darn ion has 
spent his time in the byways of 
history and writes dearly and 
elegantly about minor figures. 
It is a distinguished and 
absorbing book about the way 
people behaved under the 
ancien regime — not about 
mega-stars like the Due de 
Richelieu, but rather ordinary 
people, supplicants, who were 
made to cool their heels in bis 

It is an alternative history* 
much closer to the roots of 

S0Cieiy Brian Martin 

Rebels without a 
cause or country 

The Engineer of Human 

.Saute by Josef Skvorecky 
* 4 (Picador, £3.95) - ■ 

JWur h 
Sa tr- X 

’Va i 


f -j 

Jt *** 

The title, The Engineer of 
Human Souls, suggests a grim 
tone, but Skvorecky — a great 
bonus for someone witting 
about big and tragic events — 
has a definite sense of hu- 
mour. His natural voice is 
highly intelligent, wry, ironic. 

He also has an ability to 
present history in small 
settings. The novel’s form is 
fragmented, picaresque, mov- 
ing backwards and forwards in 
time, in and out ofPfagtie and 
Canada. Gradually the reader 
senses a force bigger thanthe 
individual in this case a 
sequence of events sweeping 
middle Europe, and history 
•itops being abstract.' 

The novel is set in Canada, 
where the narrator; Dandy, is 
a famous Czech author and 
university professorfshades of 
the author). Quickly we flick 
back 30 years to Czechoslova- 
kia under the Gestapo r^ime: 
The youthful Daimy . is- a ; 
clever libertinerHedoesfool- 
ish things to help. the'Reste- 
tance than don’t help; he has a 
love affair with a factory girl 
called Nadia. The Germans 
go, the Russians arrive: there 
is a new orthodoxy and new 

Back safely in the present, 
Canada is a Wand Utopia 
where thought is fine but fife is 
’■» - .a little antiseptic. Memories of 
fjjniddle Europe constantly in- 
trude: sharp, dear, in bolder 
colours. Formally, the broken 
narrative is ingenious and 
27 J ' analagous to Danny's state.of 
mind: the past rises with a 
poignancy that pips from 
inside and against which the 
~ Canadian university seems 
„ e cinematic, unreal. 

The Engineer of Human 
...... Souls is a monument to the 

exile’s life with two unfriendly 
halves, past and present, that 
do not cleave. This portrait 

:it/ - 
V ■». 



extends to exiled f>yh 
friends of Danny: Skvorecky 
shows os their drinking, then* 
melancholy and mirth. He 
suggests beautifully the gap 
between affluent America and 
these emigres who cannot 
forget their , past, who keep 
telling stories about it, and 
who have%alf left their hearts 
behind.’ They give a different 
feel of old, difficult Europe. 

An historical picture is built 
by the narrative device of 
letters. We follow a scattering 
of Czechs throughout tbc post- 
war decades, all over the 
world and through various 
changes such as the Prague 
spring. They aD. confide in 
Danny; the great Danny. 
'“You see, Danny, the truth 
fa*-"*: He is the wise, knowing 
listener. Their m usings on 
politics conveniently extend 
tire world picture, which feels 
.artificial- and one gets a little 
tired of Danny’s omniscience. 

.Ftir Danoy-is a trifle self- 
satisfietfas he sits in Canada, 
teadting his pupils about Kter- 
ratise^but: most of aD about 
ItiftL-with a. capital L. He is 
awareiof the intriguing picture 
hepresenlslo the under^adu- 
ates(brfll£ant emigre novelist 
with tough, tragic, Resistance 
past),- arid m. this way 
Skvorecky defends him with 
irony, but it’s do use: Danny- 
boy, as be is known, is too 
fkidtily.peffect. No unlikeabfe 
he: he is the Byronic 

. Wagner: memorabilia 

A feast of 

Wagner etfited by Herbert 
Barm, Dietrich Mack and Egon 
5 (Thames 



and Hudson, 

• *■£ 


r There is a whiff of dishonest 
selfidealization .about the 
character of Danny arid, in- 
deed, the r^ionship between 
author and narrator is uncom- 
fortably dose: 

• The Engineer of Human 
Souls s nevertheless a tri- 
umph. It is the novel of a great 
dilettante. The separate stories 
weave a dark, real at times 
funny picture of middle Eu- 




In the 11 years since this 
volume appeared in hardback 
we have grown wiser about 
Richard ” Warner,' with the 
pabitcation n Endish of 
Grama's dearies and a new 
translation of Man Leben; a 
volume of letters is imminent 

But still the present anthol- 
ogy of pictrares and documents 
adds its own notes to the 
orchestra of m emorab ilia. 
There are the voices, pre- 
served la letters, of Nietzsche, 
Bruckner a nd Kin g Ludwig, all 
prostrate in a d ul a ti on, and of 
Mimrn Wagner prostrated by 
a nearer involvement in the 
artist’s life. . 

There is also testimony from 
people who admired Wagner 
without going overboard: 
Schumann, Berfioz and even 
Hanstick who strikes dose to 
Die Mastering* m remark- 
ing op “the ■deniable novd- 
ty, not indeed of its invention, 
hut of the method of its 

The plates are a Wagnerian 
feast in themselves; a parade 
of portraits, costume designs 
and reproductions of mam- 

sa5pB Paul Griffiths 

Enough time to pull a fast one 

-> r « 

The amiable Dogberry and 
the Piranha had been engaged 
hi a long drawn-out battle 
against the cantankerous Ger- 
ald* Carp and Eustace, the 
Duffer of Duffers. To accom- 
modate Dogberry’s determi- 
nation not to be late, it was 
agreed to play two more 

This was the first: 

Rubber Bridge 
Game AH 
Dealer South 


_ - t ' 

I' ~v> ; 

♦ Afl4 
V 762 

0 KQ543 

♦ 102 

♦ QJ1096 

0 A 92 
* J88 

W E 

4 782 
7 01093 
0 J8 
♦ QB53 

7 AKW 
0 1087 
♦ AK 74 

■ / 






Carp Oogoeny Eu 3 «* 







One spectator, noting the 

favourable lie of the diamond 
suit, left without waiting for 
Eustace to take his victory 
bow. Eustace took the lead in 
hand and played the 07, 
covered by the Piranha with 
the 09. When the OQ won 
Eustace returned to hand 
with a top heart and played 
the Oi a The- Piranha played 
the 02. Eustace, who had 
already suffered from Carp's 
acid tongue, was desperate to. 
avoid any . more s cat hin g 
comments. “Once the nine 
has rone, surely it is a guess 
whether to let the 10 nm or 
go up with dummy's King", 
he agonized. The 010 lost to 
East’s OJ, and the spade 
return turned. 10 tricks into 

**$6rry, partner, how could 
I tear, Eustace asked pathet- 
ically. “Did yon seriously 
suppose that anyone would 
contribute the 09 from the 
0J9x on the first round?" 
Carp replied, with a malevo- 
lent look at the Piranha. 

The Piranha was silkiiy 
dealing the next hand. 

Rubber Bridge 
Game Al! 
Dealer West 

♦ KQS 87 
7 109 
0 A 1 D 96 
4 K 3 

♦ A 

7 64 
0 73432 



W E 

♦ 65432 
7 532 
0 J8 

♦ JB642 

♦ J 10 
7 AKQJ 87 
O KOJ 8 







TH .nvqyDi o «6a S1 tflM 

Piranha Carp 

*» 1? 

nq 24 

Ho jo no wr 

NO so No 

D We ftodhlep) No No 

**° (toon load 07 

(1) giffn«a> had been taught not to torea 
at goad tends. Ha dkl not un d tma nd 
Why, out *d as he va» tnftl 

( 2 ) UigM as wsi enjoy me 100 honours. 
5 $ The Piranha was obvhoiy trying to 
note Eustace panic into six no tnxnps. 
A redouble would slop that, and wch 
tm Piranha a lesson a the seme time. 

Dogberry ruffed the dia- 
mond and returned a spade. 
The Piranha took his +A and 
continued with another dia- 
mond for Dogberry to ruff, A 
spade ruff, and a third 
diamond niff made a total of 
five tricks and 2200 to Easi- 

. “Why did you doubler 
Dogbeny enquired. 

“To stop you warning 
them of the impending ruff 
by makig a Lightner 
Double," the Piranha an- 
swered quietly. 

“If you hadn’t redoubled I 
would- have rescued to six no 
trumps." Eustace stammered. 
Carp's reply was barely audi- 
ble. It did not sound polite. 

Jeremy Flint 

Children’s view of 
a nightmare world 

The Heroic Age by Stratis 
Haviaras (King Penguin. 


This is a haunting taJe about 
children in war. Set in Greece 
in the late 1940s, the narrator 
Panagis is only 12 years old 
and, like many between the 
ages of six and 14 (the heroic 
age), he is roaming the country 
with his friends, trying to 
escape to Albania. 

They are confronted by 
numberless atrocities — sev- 
ered heads, executions and 
war, “the dark chemical 
njgbt". These children have a 
strange early knowledge. 

Stratis Haviaras writes whh 
deep imaginative understand- 
ing. He describes the child’s 
ability both to recognize and 
yet to transform intolerable 
kinds of reality. 

The Heroic Age is about 
violence, lost identity, pity, 
friendship and the ability to 
survive. It is a marvellous 
achievement, involving and at 
times heart-rending, written 
with a poet's intuition. 

The Eleventh Summer by 
; Carlo Gutter (Penguin, £1 .95). 

The world is seen through a 
child’s eyes. It is a place with 
hidden monsters, a jar of 
pennies lost in a hedge, and a 
Silver road that might go on 
for ever. Adulthood is just 
around the corner, glimpsed at 
the odd moment. 

Paul lives with his grand- 
parents in Ireland and Gibler 
describes his last summer 
there. His grandfather gets 
shamefully drunk; sex is incip- 
ient, mysterious. Things are 
tactile and have unspoken 
pungent meanings- His experi- 
ence is still a lime dream-like 
and, in the deeper sense; Paul 
is not quite self-conscious. 

In dear and unhurried 
prose, Carlo G6Mer mediates 
a child’s perception with an 
adult intelligence: the child 
fob but doesn't know how or 

scene and the reader feels the 
loss of that younger self inti- 
mately’; it is a real achieve- 

KnppendocTa Tribe by 
Frank Parkin (Fontana, £2.50). 

In the Right-On wilds of 
Islington lives James 
Krippendorf anthropologist 
on the dole. His wife is a 
journalist, absent on exciting 
work while James cooks, 
cleans and writes papers about 
a fictitious Amazonian tribe, 
the Shelmikedmu. 

rears later (in the epilogue) 
the grown-up Paul revisits the 

Chilling twist: Frank Parkin 

He collects “data" for these 
papers from his own life; 
Thus, the “tribe" favours role- 
reversal: “One of the most 
cutting insults one man can 
throw at another is to call him 
ullqunxeri-na tiquohxmojUn — 
‘he of the greasy pots' ". 

Soon Krippendorf s insane- 
ly repellent children identify 
with this make-beheve tribe; 
the narrative, however, be- 
comes frankly unrealistic 
when the charmless family 
feed npon their dead 

Frank Parkin tries at all 
times to be funny, but bad 
taste is clearly the order of the 



Join the masterclass 

This week to mark the 40th 
anniversary of his death I 
give one of Alekhine's most 
brilliant games. 

Notes to the following 
game are based on those by 
C.H.O’D. Alexander in his ex- 
cellent book on Alekhine’s 
Best Games 1938-1945. 
White: Alekhine; Black: 
Junge. Prague 1942, Catalan 



is ... am if (kb 

» B-Kcft *-02 21 fKNcfc 

22 M 7 d) KrS 3 

If 22 ... K-Bl 23 B-Q2 
followed by R-QB1 is imme- 
diately decisive. 

23 B -02 KR-OB 1 14 IMC 4 O-NE 

White threatened 25 R- 
Blch K-Q3 26 B-N4ch. 

26 MU M 3 28 JJ-N 4 

27 R-RSe* KBS 28 0 -&Sdi K -02 

28 B-R 7 ch 

Black resigns. 

1 *04 P04 2 . - — 

3 KKB3 KKB3 4 NOB PxP 

5 CMUcft 0NO2 6 802 P-QR3 

7 QxSP POM 8 048 ROM 

9 0-0 B*2 16 002 MM 

ft POM 

A far-sighted positional 
pawn sacrifice which Black 
should decline by 11 . . . P- 
N5 which would maintain 
equality. After accepting the 
sacrifice the best Black can 
hope for is to avoid disaster 
if he defends with absolute 

11 ... BxN 12 B(S PsO* 

is ftf* w m not ana 

15 N02 ’ P-K4 IB M4B N-B4? 

Overlooking White's forth- 
coming sacrifice. The best 
line was 16 . . . B-K2 17 P- 
K3 PxP- 18 BxP Q4C3 .White 
has adequate positional com- 
pensation for his pawn, but 
nothing immediately deri- 

17 Ndf Mi 

If 17 QxN 18 B-B6ch 

N-Q2 <18 ... K-Ql 19 QxQ 
BxQ 20 BxP!) 

19 QxQ BxQ 20 R-RS 
regaining the pawn with 
is Rom 

A magnificent and most 
unexpected sacrifice which is 
perfectly correct At the cost 
of Rook for Bishop, Alekhine 
traps his opponent's King in 
the centre of the board. 

White to play and mate in 
two moves against any de- 
fence by Black. 

This problem is the first 
stage in the Lloyds Bank 
British Chess Problem Solv- 
ing Championships. 

Successful entrants from 
this stage will qualify to 
compete in a more difficult 
postal phase, the top scorers 
in which will be invited to 
take part in the final, to be 
held in London in January 
1987. To compete in the 
event, solve this problem and 
send your solution, consisting 
of the key-move only, to: 
Sponsorship Section, CCD, 
Lloyds Bank. Princess House. 
152/145 Upper Thames 
Street, London EC4R 3UJ- 
Entries must arrive not later 
than July I, 1986. Mark your 
solution: The Times 

Raymond Keene 


One jump 
of the 


The 1950 film. The Wooden 
Horse (Channel 4, tomorrow. 
10.J5 pm-12.10 cm) was the 
first of what became a spate of 
POW escape stories, and it is 
still or.c of the most entertain- 
ing and effective, h laid down 
the formula that was to be 
followed successfully by The 
Colditz Story. Stalag 1? and 
The Great Escape, arid unsuc- 
cessfully by a host of clones. 

The Wooden Horse intro- 
duced us to escape commii- 
tecs. goon-bailing, shouts of 
"Achtung"' and " Appel C, with 
escaped Englishmen wander- 
ing around enemy territory 
looking furtive. But the effect 
of the film and its successors 
went deeper than mere enjoy- 
ment — these films defined a 
German stereotype which, un- 
fairly. has persisted 

The film, directed by Jack 
Lee. iCifs the true story of an 
escape from Staiag Luft 3. in 
which Eric Williams, who 
wrote the screenplay from his 
book about it, participated. It 
remains almost beyond belief 
that the German guards did 
not suspect the tunnel being 
dug under the vaulting horse. 

Things did not go as 
smoothly making the film as 
they had during the escape 
itself. Marked by bad temper 
and acrimony all round — on 
one occasion resulting in fisti- 
cuffs — it was, moreover, way 

On your marks: PoWs Anthony Steel Bill Travers, David 
Tomlinson and Michael Goodliffe get set to dig for freedom 

behind schedule and beyond 

Fortunately none of this 
shows up on screen. David 
Tomlinson. Leo Gcnn and 


That Forsyte Woman (1 949): 
Errol Flynn makes a decent 
stab at playing Soames 
Forsyte in respectable 
Holiywoodization of the saga 
(Channel 4, Tues. 9-11.10 pm). 

La Peau Douce (1964): 
Truffaut on adultery — truthful, 
sad. funny and tragic 
(Channel 4. Wed, 10 pm- 
12.05 am). 

The Strong Man (1926): Harry 
Langdon at his funniest as a 
soldier searching for hts 
wartime girl pen-fr^nd 
(Channel 4. Thurs. 2.30- 
3.55 pm). 

Anthony Steele played their 
lead roles with conviction and 
there is tension, pace — and 
humour — throughout. 

Marcel Berlins 

The Revolt of Job (1983): 
Sensitive Hungarian film, 
telling of a Jewish coupfe who 
adopt a Christian orphan as 
the Nazis approach 
(Channel 4. Thurs. 9.30- 
11.25 pm). 

The Brother from Another 
Planet (1984): Uneven but 
frequently funny racial sci-fi 
comedy about a black alien 
fugitive who tends in New York 
(Cnannel 4, Fri, 11.15 pm- 
1.10 am). 

The Private Files of J Edgar 

Hoover (1978): Entertaining 
bio-pic of the sinister FBI cni 


Broderick Crawford suitably 
gross in the lead rote (BBC 1, 
Fn. 11.45 pm-1.30 am). 

‘First television showing. 

Germany cues the Queen 

Three events swamp next 
week's schedules: snooker, the 
Queen's 60th birthday and 
HeimaL (BBC 2, tonight, 
9.40 -11.40 pm), Edgar 
Reitz’s brilliant evocation of 
the march of time through a 
German village. 16 hours 
spanning the years 1919 to 
1982 over 11 consecutive 

In Reitz's film, which slips 
easily from black and white to 
colour and back again for 
emphasis, the history or three 
generations of three families 
unfolds luxuriously slowly. 

Although it has been criti- 
cized for not overdwelling on 
the Nazi era, Heimal shows 
that technology has a greater 
impact on ordinary people's 
lives do changing politi- 
cal orders. 


A feast of programmes cele- 
brate the Queen's birthday on 
Monday: The Queen's Binh- 
dav. a service of thanksgiving, 
(BBC 1, 11.15 am-12.20 pm* 
Royal Heritage (BBC 1, 3- 
4.05pm); The Queen’s Birth- 
dav. greetings from the yonng 
(BBC 1, 4.05-4.45 pm); Hap- 
pv Birthday Dear Ma'am 
a profile. (BBC 1. 735-9 pm). 
Fanfare for Elizabeth, a con- 
cert at the Royal Opera 
House, Covent Garden (ITV, 
8-930 pm and 10-11 pm). 

There's a gruelling 17 days 
of coverage of the 1986 World 
Snooker Championships on 

BBC 2, starting tonight at 
530 ptn. 

Kenneth Williams steps into 
Wogan's shoes this week 
(BBC 1, Mon, Wed and Fri 7- 
7.40 pm), while Spike 
Milligan unburdens himself in 
Spike (Channel 4, tonight, 
11 pm-12). 

Vladimir Horowitz, the 83- 
year-old Russian- born piano 
virtuoso gives a concert at the 
Moscow Conservatory 
(BBC 2, tomorrow, 5.15- 
7.15 pmi broadcast simulta- 
neously in stereo on Radio 3. 

At the other end of the 
musical scale. The Eurovision 
Song Contest will be pre- 
viewed tomorrow (BBC L, 
430-5.05 pm). 

Bob Williams 

Royalty rules the airwaves 

Patriotism is flavour of the 
week on Radio 4. This eve- 
ning. Here's A Health Unto 
Her Majesty ( 7.00-8.0Gpra I by 
James Munson presents a full- 
length portrait of the Queen, 
with archive recordings and 
memories of those who have 
known her. It is narrated by 
John Westbrook and Pauline 

On the big day itself, a 
Thanksgiving Service For The 
Queen will be broadcast live 
(Radio 4, Monday, 11.15- 
1 2.27pm) from St George’s 
Chapel at Windsor Castle. 
Brian Johnston will be among 


the crowds watching the royal 
procession to and from the 
chapel, and inside will be 
Robert Hudson. 

Tomorrow, there is a double 
dose of royalty, when the 
Duke of Ed inburgh is the guest 
on It’s Your World (R2dio 4. 
12.10-lpm). He will, however, 
be wearing his World Wildlife 
Fund rather than his Ducal 
bat for this international 

phone-in. Later in the day. 
The Monarchy in Britain (Ra- 
dio 4, 8.30-9.00pm) reaches its 
half-way point, looking at the 
Crown Jewels. 

The patriotic tone naturally 
extends to St George's Day, 
when Radio 4 puts on a new 
production of Noel Coward’s 
sentimental extravaganza 
Cavalcade (Wednesday. 8.30- 
10.00pm). Tracing the story of 
two families across the first 30 
years of the century, it has all 
manner of songs and a seg- 
ment of a musical comedy 
embedded in it. 

N A. 


Prizes of the New Coffins Thesaurus will be gi ven for the first two 
correct solutions opened on Thursday. April 24. 1986. Entries 
should be addressed to The Times Concise Crossword Com- 
petition. I Pennington Street. London, El 9XN. The winners and 
solution will be announced on Saturday. April 26,1986. 

I Uranium source 

9 Rudet 71 

10 Strong type (2. 3) 

11 Pair (3) 

13 Tooth edge t<) 

16 Patella joint (4| 

17 Dangerous (6) 

18 Admonish f 4> 

20 Heredity unit 14) 

21 Scots sheepdog (6) 

22 Discretion (4) 

23 Honk (4) 

25 Skirt edge (3) 

28 GiveofTtS) 

29 Prolonged applause 

30 Parallel “V~ partem 



2 Ear anvil (5) 

3 Bay 1 4; 

4 Brave (4) 

5 Radar trace (4) 

6 Scots minister (7) 

7 Aten (5. 6) 

8 Unforgiving! 11) 

12 Spread out (6) 

!4 Word joke t3) 

15 On dry tend (6) 

19 Hermit (7) 

2fl Obtain (3) 

24 Pungent bulb (51 

25 Aurally perceive (4) 

26 Grumble (4) 

27 Harpoon hook (4) 

SOLUTION TO NO 923 (last Saturday's prire concise) 

ACROSS: 1 Recruitment 9 Avocado 10 Outdo 11 Now 13 Reef 16 
Carp 17 Innate 18 Anon 20 Bent 21 Polite 22 Sash 23 Gull 25 
Bag 28 Nervy .29 Exhibit 30 Penetrating 
DOWN: 2 Erode 3 Real 4 Iron 5 Meow 6 Nutcase 7 Hair-rais- 
ing 8 Hospitality 12 Obtain 14 Fin 15 Angora 19 Observe 26 
Beg 24 Urban 25 Byre »Gear 27 Thai 

ACROSS- iFdtow 5 Sordid 8 Rut 9 
Guinea 10 Opiate 1 1 Spot 12 Pressure 14 
Shrewd t7 Excess 19 Jamboree 22 Oath 24 
Chilly 25 Undone 26 Mur 27 Engage 28 

DOWN: 2 Equip 3 Lunette 4 Wrapped 5 
Stone 6 Raids 71cicms 13Six 15 Heathen 
16 Who 17 Execute 18 Chowder 20 
Batsa 21 Rhyme 23 Tonic 

The dinners nf prize concise No 923 are: 

Ahsun R. Jones. Dmndeaze. Bristol; andj. S. Da- 
nes. LangianJs Road. Cullompton. Devon. 

Can you always getyour copy of The Times? 

Dear Ncwagcat, please ddhrer/savc me a copy ofThe Tine* 





I I li: TIMES 




Daily winners of the 
competition, and the 
booksellers who supplied 
their entry forms for the 
14th, 15th and 16th April are 
as follows; 

John McEwan, Gwent 
(Hatchards, Piccadilly) 

M.J. Larchen, Herefordshire 
(The Midland Educational 
Bookshop, Worcester) 

Jane Looney, Isle of Man 
(Lexicon Bookshop, Isle of 






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IS. Mr 

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Yehudi Menuhin who is 70 next 
week solos in Beethoven's Violin 
Concerto and, with Mstislav 
Rostopovich, in Brahms's 
Concerto for violin and celto. Royal 
Festival Hall (01-928 3191). 
Tuesday. 7.30pm. 


FILM OF PAINT: Derek Jarman's 

long-awaited Caravaggio ( 18). about 
the 16th-century painter, was 
filmed with economic virtuosity in a 
converted warehouse on the Isle 
of Dogs. Nigel Terry plays the artist 
hero. Lumiere (01-836 0691). 

From Thursday. 


UNDER TONES: Edouard Manet 
cheerfully placed naked ladies 
beside butfoned-up men. 

However his effects were the result 
of painstaking preparation. 

Courtauk) Institute Galleries, Woburn 
Square, London W1 (01-278 
2345). From Wednesday. 




Delayed opening for A. M. 
Collins and Chad Henry's 
US rock musical, now featuring 
Belinda Lang. Diane 
Langton, Mary Maddox and 
Louise Gold. 

Lyric Studio. King Street. 
Hammersmith, London W6 (01- 
741 2311). From Toes. 

Whelan's musical adaptation of 
the Gilbert & Sullivan 
original reaches London. 

Old Vic (01-928 76T6). 

Preview Tues. Opens Wed. 
Until May 31. 


Attracts 's mannered, 
emotionally bleak 
production elicits fine 
performances from Chloe 
Salaman, Leslee Udwina and 
Philip Voss. 

(Bloomsbury 01-387 9629) 

MEDEA: Eileen Atkins 
makes an impassioned and 
compellingly sympathetic 
wronged wire in Toby 
Robertson's stark version 
of Euripides. 

Young Vic (01 -928 6363) 


BRISTOL: The Life of Galileo: 
Howard Bremen's 
translation of the Bertolt 
Brecht biographical drama. 
Theatre Royal. Old Vic 
(0272 24388). Opens Wed. 
Until May 17. 


The Winter's Tate: Jeremy 
Irons (above). Gillian Barge, 
Joe Melia, Raymond Bowers. 
Richard Easton, head a 
cast directed by Terry Hands. 
Royal Shakespeare Theatre 
(0789 295623). Previews Fri, 
Apr 26, 28, 29. Opens Apr 
30. In repertory. 



extraordinary gems open the 
Museum of London’s 1 1th 
season of films from the 
National Film Archive: 

Jessie Matthews in There 
Goes the Bride (Tues. 

6.1 0pm) and the domestic 
drama Little Friend, (Thurs. 
6.10pm) directed by Berth old 


Museum of London (01-600 
3699). From Tues. 

MARIE (15): Sissy Spacek 
stars as the spunky real-life 
heroine dismissed from her 
parole board job after sniffing 
out political corruption. 

ABC Shaftesbury Avenue 
(01-836 6279). ABC Fulham 
Road (01-370 2636). From 



(PG): James Ivory's treatment 
of E. M. Forster's novel 
offers elegance, good acting, 
bloodlessness, with Helena 
Bonham Carter. 

Curzon Mayfair (01-499 

RAN (15): Kurosawa's 
majestic variation on King 

Curzon West End (01-439 



g jrformed by the London 
horal Society. Royal 
Philharmonic Orchestra and 
soloists under Jane Glover. 
Barbican Centre, SUk 
Street London EC2 (01-628 
8795. credit cards 01 -638 
8891). Today, 8pm. 

SULLIVAN: Julian Uoyd 
Webber solos in Sullivan's 
lately rediscovered Cello 
Concerto with the London 
Symphony Orchestra under Sir 
Charles Mackerras. Also 
Sullivan's Di Balk) Overture 
and Elgar’s "Enigma" 

Barbican Centre. 

Tomorrow, 7.30pm. 

Ashkenazy conducts the 
PhHharmonia Orchestra in 
Beethoven’s Symphonies Nos 
2 and 3 " Eroica ". 

Royal Festival Hall, South 
Bank, London SE1 (01- 
928 3191, credit cards 01- 
928 8800). Mon. 730pm. 

Busoni's Fantasia 
Contrappuntistica, Liszt's 
Dante Sonata and Beethoven’s 
Piano Sonata Op 109. 

Queen Elizabeth Hall. South 
Bank, London SE1 (01- 
928 3191, credit cards 01- 
928 8800). Wed. 7.45pm. 


OPERA: A week of lively 
variety, typical of the 
company's spring repertoire. 
On Fri at 7pm the British 
stage premiere of Busoni's 
morality play. Doctor 
Faustus. produced by David 
Pountney and conducted by 
Mark Elder. Thomas Alien 
takes toe title role, with 
Graham Clark as 
Mephistopheles, Eiiene 
Hannan and Arthur Davies as 
the Duke and Duchess of 
Parma. On Wed and Apr 26 at 
7.30pm two more chances 
to see Valerie Masterson in 
The Merry Widow, while 


Elijah Moshtnsky’s colourful 
song-and-dance production 

of Smetana’s The Bartered 
Bride continues its run on 
Thurs at 730pm. 

Coliseum, St Martins Lane, 
London WC2 (01-836 3161). ' 





Highlights include celebrity 
xincert by Benjamin Frith 
piano), toe Yorkshire Baroque 
rrio. Ramplamousse in an 
evening of French folk music. 
3rochure from Festival 
Organizer, East Mill House, 
3rinton, Richmond, North 
Yorkshire (0748 84519). 
Advance postal booking opens 
this week for programme, 
including Previn's Guitar 
Concerto conducted by the 
xnposer. first London 

S srformance of Maxwell 
avies's Violin Concerto.. 
South Bank Concert Halts, 
South Bank, London SE1 (01- 
928 3191, credit cards 01- 
928 8800). 


EVERYMAN: Last day to 
become a subscriber at 
Cheltenham's new theatre, 
with season including Tom 
and Viv. an Italian Straw Hat, 
Lark Rise , and Death of a 
Salesman . Aprii-Nov. 
Everyman Theatre. Regent 

Street Cheltenham, Gtos 
(0242 572573). 

performances today at 5 and 
8.30pm of Robin Ray s 
musical play based on life and 
music of Puccini. 

Wyndham s. Charing Cross 
Road. London WC2 <01- 
836 3028. 

performances of Welsh 
National Opera 
production at 4 and 7.45pm. 
The Old Vic. Waterloo 
Road. London SE1 (01- 
928 7617. Credit cards 01 - 
262 1821). 

Covent Garden tonight On 
Thurs, David Binttey’s Sons of 
Homs, new this season, is 
given with Ashton's Birthday 
Offering arid Month In the 

Covent Garden (01-240 

BALLET: is at the New 
Theatre. Cardiff (0222 
32446) today with CoppeSa, 
then toe Liverpool Empire 
(051 7091555) with CoppeSa 
Mon-Thurs and a 
programme Fri and April 26 of 
two virtuoso ballets, La 
Bayadere and Etudes, with 
Chrisopher Bruce’s 
dramatic Land. 



GREENPEACE: Performing in 
support of conservation are 
Kim Wilde (above) and Nik 
Kershaw on Mon, Uoyd 
Cole (Tues), Echo and the 
Bunnymen (Thurs) and the 
Cure (Fri). 

Mon. Tues. Thurs and Fri, 
Albert Hall. Kensington Gore, 
London SW7 (01 -589 8212) 

associated with the ECM 
label's chamber jazz, the 
Norwegian bassist leads a 
group including the 
drummer Jon Christensen. 
Tonight Exeter Arts Centre 
(0392 218188): Mon, Glenda 
Jackson Theatre, 

Birkenhead (051 653 5555): 
Tues. Comer House, 
Newcastle (091 253 0091); 
Wed. Leadmill Arts Centre, 
Sheffield (0742 754500); Thurs, 
Band on the WaH, 

Manchester (061 8345109); 

Fri, Dovecote Arts Centre. 
Stockton (0642 61 1625). 

Kendricks, David Ruffin and 
Dennis Edwards, the lead 
singers of their classic records, 
are long gone, but the 
breeding should still show 
through in their 


Tonight St David's HaH, 

Cardiff (0222 371236); 
tomorrow. Spectrum Arena, 
Warrington (0925 813700); 
i, Birmir 

anthology of 50 poems 
responding to work at the 
Tate Gallery is published this 
week, at the culmination of 
a series of poetry events. The 
poems provide a novel 
gallery guide. With a Poets 
Eye is published on 
Monday at £535, and can be 
bought at the gallery. 

Tate Gallery, Millbank, 

London SW1 (01 -821 1313). 

PRINT 88: 200 works from 
every area of printmaking, 
including etching, drypoint 
and lithography, in fund-raising 
exhibition for tne 
Printmakers' Council, 

Barbican Centre GaRary. 
London EC2 (01-638 4141) 
from Thurs. 

SICKERT: Islington 
Libraries' fine collection of - 
paintings, drawings and 
etchings by Richard Walter 
Sickert boosted by two 
major paintings from Norwich. 
Norwich School of Art St 
George St Norwich 
(0603 61 0561 ) from Mon. 



(021 643 6101); Tues, Ipswich 
Gaumont (0473 53641); 

Wed, Royal Concert HaH, 
Nottingham (0602 472328); 
Thurs, Poole Arts Centre (0202 


THEATRE: a work by 
Extemporary's artistic 
director Emfyn Claid, Pier 
Rides, made in 
collaboration with the 
musicians Kate and Mike 
Westbrook, has its London 
premiere Tues. opening a 
two week season. 

Shaw Theatre (01 -388 
7727) Tues-May 3. 

Kirkland dances Juliet at 

Painting, drawing, prints and 
posters from the Weimar 
Republic, seen in their social 

MHton Keynes Exhibition 
Gallery. 555 Sflbwy Boulevard, 
Milton Keynes (0908 

yearly survey of the best in 
contemporary British art 
has our stars — Richard 
Deacon, Gilbert & George 
and Christopher LeBrun - put 
in a European context 
sharing walls with works by 
Baselitz and Mario Merz. 
impressive tor (he huge scale 
of most works. 

Hayward Gallery. South 
Bank, London SE1 (01-928 


Sculpture both monumental 
and minute by the Victorian 
tius who made Eros. 


1 Academy, Piccadifl 
London W1 (01-734 905, 

coloured lithographs 
demonstrating Hockney's 
latest enthusiasms. 

Tate Gallery, Millbank, 
London SW1 (01-821 1313). 


LAND OF OZ: One hundred 
years of Australian 


s Gallery, 

Wales House, 66 Strand, 
London WC2. 

of the strongest photograph 
to emerge from South 
Africa, he documents the lives 
of those who have suffered 
under apartheid 
The Photographers Gallery, 

5 & 8 G treat Newport Street 
London WC2 (01-240 

"A MAST >^!CT0fcjaSHINCS ; 




IH -S’ *i a,u<Nnai<M 


Hal Prince is directing Phan- 
tom of the Opera, not Chess as 
suggested by the caption in 
last Saturday's article on mu- 
sicals. The production will be 
designed by Maria Bjorn son 
and not John Napier. 

For ticket availability, 
performance and opening 
times, telephone the 
numbers listed. Theatre: 
Tony Patrick and Martin 
Cropper: Galleries: 
Sarah Jane Checkland; 
Photography: Michael 
Young: Films: Geoff 
Brown: Dance: John 
Percirak Opera: Hilary 

Finch; Rock & Jazz 
Richard Williams; 
Concerts Max Harrison; 
Bookings: Anne 


Domingo makes his first European 
Opera House appearance of the 
year when he sings in Fanfare fear 
Elizabeth , a celebration of the 
Queen's birthday at Covent Garten 
which is to be televised live. ITV, 

Monday, 8-9.30pm and 10-1 1pm. 



has written his first novel for 23 
years. Death is a LonelyBosmess 
(Grafton, £9.95). Set in California m 
1949. it involves tire dosing down 
of an amusement pier anddeals with 
a carn ival of grotesques, from a 

fat diva to an ageing film star. 



leads the cast of John ScWesfogeris 
production of Lbs Contes 
d'Hottrtarrcanducted by Charles 
DutdrL Samuel Ramey sings afi 
four wHains. Roval Ooera House, 

London WG2 (01-240106$). 
Tuesday and Friday at 7pm. 

Off the straight 
and narrow 

D enis Quilley has nev- 
er been tire kind of 
actor to balk at tak- 
ing risks, choosing 
instead to spread his 
performer's net widely and 
willingly. He says he has 
always played “wildly 
different” parts, jumping from 
one medium to another — 
‘‘which is probably why, after 
almost 40 years, I still actually 
enjoy it”, he confides, “be- 
cause I’ve never got into a rut, 
never been typecast” 

His latest coup continues 
this tradition: the homosexual 
character of Georges in the 
much feted, award-winning 
Broadway musical. La Cage 
Aux Folies. 

Quilley, an extrovert, ebul- 
lient man dressed in a multi- 
coloured jersey and light 
trousers, breaks from rehears- 
als to enthuse about the show. 

Despite its central theme, 
the long-standing relationship 
between two male homosex- 
uals, La Cage is “a straight- 
down-ihe- middle traditional 
Broadway musicaL It really is 
a family show", he stresses, 
“not a love affair, but an old, 
comfortable ‘marriage’ be- 
tween two rather sweet mid- 
dle-aged men.” 

Unlike Terri Dennis in 
Privates on Parade, an “outra- 
geously camp drag queen". 
Georges is steady, secure, non- 
camp. Quilley, heterosexual 
and married, finds him even 
more of a challenge than Terri 

Dennis “to play the part 

believably and yet remain 
within the framework of a 
show which will appeal to a 
family who have come to see a 
colourful, splashy musical". 
Quilley's wife. Stella, is a 
former actress who now teach- 
es and has her own production 
company. They have three 
children, .two of whom are 
involved in “backstage" theat- 
rical work. 

Quilley saw the show twice 
in New York before agreeing 
to do it and recalls the 
matinee audience “full of 
coachloads of middle-aged la- 
dies with blue rinses and Edna 
Everage glasses. They adored 
it — stood up and cheered at 
the end. 

“It does win over the most 


His role in La Cage 
aux Folies marks 
another change 
of direction 
for Denis Quilley 

hardened and bigoted 
objector", he insists. “I defy 
anybody not to stand up and 
clap for these two guys be- 
cause — 1 guess this sounds 
awfully corny — there is so 
much love in the piece, a kind 
of golden, glow of affection in 
iL It's not about promiscuity, 
it's about faithfulness and 
caring ... A gay relationship 
is central to it but by the end 
that seems irrelevant.’’ 

He believes that heterosex- 
ual actors are better t h a n 
homosexuals at depicting 
gays. "One can be more 
detached But it requires a, 
great deal of bravery from both 
.George Hearn and myself. 
There are embarrassment bar- 
riers. conditioning barriers ** 

T hese have been sur- 
mountable. partly. 
thanks to Quilley's 
experience with Pri- 
vates (his first gay part), plus 
the Tact that Hearn had played 
AJbm for two years on Broad 
way. Then there was the 
“instant rapport” between 
Hearn and Quilley. 

“As we instantly discovered 
we had no inhibitions with 
each other, then we were able 
to lose our inhibitions about 
the situation and characters." 

Quilley's approach to a part 
is to "find a little corner of the 
person that I identify with, 
lhai 1 relate to personally. The 
rest is decoration, observation 
and re-creation ” 

Georges, the rock-solid half 
of the duo in La Cage, is jay 
but “he once had an affair 
with a chorus girl and pro- 
duced a son. whom he adores. 
He's a dependable man who 
keeps the partnership together 
and loves Albin — like an old 
couple who’ve been together 
for 20 years." An easy source 
of empathy for Quilley who 
jokes that he, too. belongs in 

that category: “I just dot 
Georges in instead of SteflaT 

The richly resonant voice 
breaks into a huge guffaw, 
transforming his square, crag* 
gy features. He is a stockfly- 
built man with greying, 
crinkly hair and bags of ener- 
gy, very necessary for La 

Quilley is no stranger to 
musicals and has sungsince he 
was a boy. In his .twenties 
Wendy Toye urged him to 
have Wessons so he would get 
leading parts. “She’s absolute- 
ly right. I did." 

First, he learned “a lot of 
lieder and stuff" with a Vien- 
nese teacher. Later, while 
playing in Irma La Douce on 
Broadway, he studied with aa 
Italian who “opened me up a 
lot more and got me less fussy 
about making beautiful 
sounds and more concerned 
with just getting it right, clear, 
strong and loud . . . . 

When I was at the Old Vic 
when the National was there, 
Larry. Olivier's room was just 
opposite mine. I used to start 
this) imitation la-la-la-la 
warm-up and he’d stick his 
bead out of the window and 
call up to the other dressing 
rooms and say: ‘Quilley’s inT " 

A decade or so ago he did 
several operatic broadcast on 
the Third Programme, tack- 
ling 18th-century ballad op- 
eras as well as some much 
tougher, modern works. 

Directing holds little appeal 
for him. “What 1 really enjoy 
doing is acting, and l wouldn’t 
want to get sidetracked" 

Quilley, 58, is a theatre man 
at heart “I think that to 
anybody of nry age or older 
who started in the theatre 
when there was no television, 
the theatre win always be 
home. U's a cliche, but there is 
no subtttute for a live audi- 
ence. The thrill of hearing 
thousands of people laughing, 
or applauding all at once, in 
the flesh, is something which 
the mechanical media simply 
can't give you." - _ _ 

Veronica Harvey 

La Cage Aux Foflaa is In 
preview from Tues at the ' 
London Palladium (01- - 
437 7373). 

with a pen 

Two months short of her 88th 
birthday. Dame Ninette de 
Valois has started out on the 
cancer she always wished she'd 
followed. She has become a 
writer. : ' , , 

The legendary founder oL 
the Royal Ballet has belatedly^ 
discovered an - extraordinary 
talent for short story writing. 
Her first offering. Winter 
Night is a delicate and mov- 
ing vignette of a moment in 
her Irish childhood, to be 
published in Harpers <£ Queen 
next month. 

“I always wanted to write, 
far mote than dance", she 
says. “What I am writing now 
are sketches of people, scrib- 
bled in pen when I am on a 
train or plane. Then I take 
them home and start endlessly 
correcting them. I have to get 
friends to tdl me when to 
stop." Immensely shy of this 
newfound talent, she simply 
consigns the finished work to 
a drawer, convinced they cagt 
be of no merit at afl. 

Beatle backing 

Unite his -stepmother Yoko 
Ono, who was studiously ig- 
nored by the former Beatles 
when she played her debut 
concert in London last month. 
Julian Lennon wifi have the 
su pport of Paul. George and 
Rntgo when he plays his first 
major British dale at the 
Royal Albert Hall next month. 
The lad meanwhile is furious- 
ly burnishing his act some- 
where in the depths of Texas. 

i Opera baffs dearly do not 
enjoy seeing their idols being 
made flesh. The fives of both 
Verdi and Pncdni have bees, 
the unhappy subject of mnsicra? 
documentaries la West End in 
aa attempt to exploit the 
theaire/openi cusp, but ham 
both slipped on the same 
banana-skin. Both Cafi Puc- 
cini and After Aide will dose 

Double bill 

Gathering dust these past 30 
years, John Osborne^ patchy 

hall. The Entertainer, is sud- 
denly being taken out on the 
road by not one but two 
actors. Peter Bowles, the ur- 
bane. star of Lytton's Diary 
makes a startling Archie Rice, 
the parr created originally by j 
Lord Olivier. Meanwhile 
comic Jimmy Logan is also 
touring the part north of the 
border. Each is keeping a 
beady eye on the other's press ' 
notices, but Osborne himself 
is treating them equally. Hav- 
ing watched Bowles's Archie 
at Leicester one day last week, 
he drove' furiously north to 
Stirling to witness Logan’s 
interpretation. Both stars re- 
fport to me enthusiastic re- 
sponses from the perpetually 
crusty author, but in the end 
Bowles is the winner he wins 
the West End transfer. 

r ‘ E **»* 


Curtains up 

Helene Hanf£ the feisty but 
impecunious New York 
scriptwriter who. in 84 Char- 
ing Cross. Road, taught the 
English more about their cul- * 
lure than they ever, learned at “ •* 
school, can finally give up her 
hermit-like existence. Royal- 
ties from the fihn version — 
bought by Mel Brooks for his 
wife Anne Bancroft and being 
filmed here this week at 
Shepperton . with Anthony . 

. Hopkins — have meant that at 
fait she need never worry 
about the rent on the apart- 
ment in which she has camped 
since 1 958.. “I might be able to 
change the drapes now”, she 
says. “They're made out of ^ 
men's trouser material -great 
for keeping out the draughts 
but not quite Laura Ashley.” 

Christopher Wilson 




COURT tended 

*®Kte** Welsh- T&'og 
Ope* Vsy to celebrate the 

Agricultural Training Boards* 

2Qib Awaveraaiy, at-Bovcrtoa 

oES^verton, SouA 

Royal Htoness bter left 
t ytyal ^Aif Force St Ath&n in an 
“Ufjui of The Queen's Flight. • 
Sir John RiddcB, Bt, was hi 


18: The Duke of Etfin- 
Trastag of St George's 
. .“this evening chaired the 
George's House 9th Annual 
lec ture. a St Gauged Chapel, 

^Prince Edward fofeeve- THATCHEDHQUSE LODGE 
mag attended the Rugby Flayer JP™ Prrncea Alexandra, 
of the Year Dimwat the Tower £ alron of the National Kidney 

.Hote^londm, El. 

Wtug Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 

:;0 April 18: The Prince of Wales 
arrived at Cardiff Station in ihe 

Royal Train this mcBniqg. 

His Royal MgbaBi Chair- 
man. The Prince of Walesf 
Committee; visited Environ- . 
mental Projects supported by 
the Committee in CanSff and 

afte r war ds attended the fifti eth 
Attesting of tfee Committee at ihe 

Research Fund, this afternoon 
yisfted the .Royal Postgraduate 
Medical School at Hammer- 
snnih Hospital to marie Na- 
tional Kidney Research Week. 
Tins', evening, Her Royal 
i and the Hon Angus 
vy attended the St Geoipe’s 
ae ythAnnuai Lecture in St 
Geoige's Chapel, Windsor. 

"TQty HalL 
; This a 

afternoon, The Prince of 

A service 
lift, of -Mis Gerald (Bridget) 
Williams win be held at & 
John’s Church, New Airesford, 
Hampshire, on Wednesday, 
April 23* at 2.30 tan. 

School, Ascot 

Tens begins today with 185 
girts in school with Arabella 
Johnson, granddaughter -of 
tiling Williams, as' head girt. 
The fellowship evensong wiUbe 
at 3pm on Saturday, May 10; it 
win include the dedication of 
the T.C Lewis organ in memory 
of Norab fiatlag hp-r s\rtei the 

fioensing of the Rev J. Male as 
with an address by the 
Rev Graham Foley, 
of Reeling. Luncheon 
-l j details are available from Mrs 
- Peter Reeve, Leadenham 
House, Leadenham, Lincoln- 
.•V, shire. A performance of An- 
O tigone will be given on patents* 
.'?*■. day, Thursday, May 22, and 
term win end with the LQy ball 
'Von Friday, July 1 1. 

3 ? 

Rugby School 

Trinity Term begins tomorrow 
with S.R.Q. Lindsay continuing 
as bead of school T.HA 
Aru fam patent is captain of 
cricket and G.G. Mamnera is 
captain of athletics. A school 
sponsored walk, in aid of the 
Multiple Sclerosis Society, takes 
{dace on May 4. The athletics 
sports finals are on die new date 
■ of May 18 and term ends with 
speech day on July 12. .. 

The original ,£Itt million 
k target of tbe development cara- 
-.^paign (later raised to flVj mil- 
lion) was reached early in 1985 
and by April 1986 the total had 
passed £1475.000. This has 
enabled much modernisation, 
particularly of bomdin^ houses, 
to be undertaken. More remains 
to be done and the appal, 
therefore, is still open. . 

a '“ "i s 1 ' 2 
— • .• ■= t 
• ‘-•2 f ' 

. . i:; :V- r 

.. -j. : r & ‘ 

. . ’■ ■ 

■*. t— m & 

. r-: t ' 

, i*.. 

• : —i - - 

Clifton College ' ; 

The following awards hove been 
mage for 1986: ‘ ' *• ■ ; 

SchotantaUr Rf. A^lCMB w O* 

sun font, entrance idiatan6l» •. 
CMd aittonlan Schotorafop: _P.H. 
Fumed ocuva Edwanr* Scboo L BM P. 

and Coirammtty OoU^oe). u7w, SUM 
(AMnsoon SctwoB. 

Bedford School 

The Governors of the Harpor 
Trust have appointed Mr SJ. 
MUJer. currently Headmaster of 
Kingston Grammar School as 
the next . Head Master of Bed- 
ford School in succession to Mr 
CLM, Jones, who is to become 
Director of Studies at Britannia 
Royal Naval College, 

Crauleigh School 

Summer Term at Cranleigh 
School begins on Sunday, April 
2d Damd Heflin is senior 
prefect ami Peter Whyte deputy 
senior prefect The Bishop of 
Winchester will preach on 
Ascension Day; speech day, at 
which the guest of honour win 
be the Commander-in-Chief 
Naval Home Command, Ad- 
miral Sir Peter Stanford, ynH 
OC day are on May 24; a gaude 
for OCs who left the school in 
1971, 1976 and 1981 Wiltbehdd 
on the evening of. June 14; the 
fifteenth annual preparatory 
schools* tMm« festival is on 
June 20; Enterprise Week starts 
on June 3ft term ends after 
sports day on July 11. 


(TODAY: Miss Sue Barker, 30; 
Mr Algy OtzS 46; Mr Tim 
Carry, 40; MrGjyn England, 65; 
Sir Andrew Gilchrist, 76; Sir 
John Griffin, QC S3; Mr S.C 
Harpley, 39; Sir . Thomas 
Hopkinson, .81; Dr John 
Horiock, 58; MrsMargo Mao 
Donakl 42; Colonel CT. Mit- 
fbnJ-Sade, -83;- Mr ^ Dudley 
Moore*. 3,1; Sir Joseph 
Nkjcason. 72; Professor A.W. 
Wilkinson, 72. .' 

LCQMORRCH^Professor ftW. 
Bowett, 59; tfip Right Rev F.C. 
Darwent, 59; thc Rev John G. 
I>avie^ 67; Maior-General Sir 
Charles Dunphie, 84: Sir Arnold 
France, 75; Mr.. Eddie 
Kuhitaimfis. 54; Mr Leslie Phil- 
llips, 62; Sir Hihon Poyntou, 81 ; 
Professor G.O. Sayk», 85; Sir 
William Stewardess; Afr Mar- 
shaJSfrlticbaidWakefbrd, 64; 
Profcssor Armtid Weddle, 62; 
Mr Henry Wrong, 56. ■ * 

Lcdovic Kennedy 

The still small voice within us 

Some time ago m this column 
Orfioni Longley wrote of whai he called 
“arid atheism”, and was also unhappy 
that religious belief is Europe had 
become ‘private”. 

; This prompts me to ask whether the 
word atheism, ones considered so 
pejorative, any longer has any meaning. 
If it i$ supposed to mean a denial of the 
existence of gods, . then chat is an 
absurdity; for gods have existed as ideas 
in men's minds ever since man ^ 
woman sought an explanation of the 
nmverse and rods and staffs to comfort 
them. So with the Christian God of 
today.^ Whatever our beliefs, we can all 
visualize him; a blend of childhood 
imagery, Florentine paintings, Caiman 

Initially gods are projections of the 
imagmauon and, in their variety and 
profusion, the fruits of differing cul- 
tures. On a less sublime scale the 
i magin a ti on projects other concepts; 
angels and demons, giants and dwarves, 
dragons, unicorns, mermaids. We know 
whai they look like: if they came our 
way, we should recognize them instant- 
ly. Equally we know they never will 
come our way (except at the panto- 
mime); that for all their seeming reality, 
they have so external existence. 

Yet when it comes to the concept of 
God (or gods), an extrapolation has 
taken place: what began as an idea in the 
mind, the early Church transformed 
into external reality. On this rock was 
the Chutch founded; on this belief 
societies cohered. And not only was 
God made external but blessed with all 
sorts of speculative attributes: power, 
glory, wisdom, majesty (and later. 

though much later, love). In the early 
days of the Church's history (indeed 
until comparatively recent times) Satan 
or Beelzebub, with horns and forked 
tail was also given external credibility; 
but has since become again a figure of 

In the old days, when belief in an all- 
powerful God was universal, preachers 
could faucify about him as they felt 
inclined without fear of contradiction. 
Yet today when empty pews announce 
this belief lo be on the wane, the Church 
continues to propagate it Indeed the 
Christian form of service depends on it 
"Almighty, Invisible, God only wise" 
we are asked to sing “Almighty and 
most merciful Father, we have erred 
and strayed in our ways like lost sheep", 
we are asked to intone. Bishops and 
Archbishops who preach God today 
think they are telling us something 
about an external reality, in feet all they 
are telling us is whai is going on in their 
minds How could it be otherwise? No 
wonder the churches are emptying. 

And yet by rejecting the idea of the ex- 
ternal god we may also be losing the 
idea of God in the mind, where for 
believers and non-believers, be has 
always existed Gifford Loogley dis- 
misses “private” religion, and on the 
same tack the Archbishop of York calls 
for more corporate worship; yet today, I 
would have thought, “private” or at 
least personal belief is what is most true. 
Dietrich Bonhoeffer saw this when he 
wrote that the last tiny refuge of God 
was in the individual being. 

What today seemed to me most 
acceptable about religious belief are not 
pronouncements about God transcen- 
‘denl but personal expressions of experi- 

encing, God immanent, that is. 
individuals communing, or imagining 
they are communing, with their maker. 
“The world is filled with the grandeur of 
God” wrote Hopkins, but for all chat 
tells us, he could equally have said it was 
filled with the grandeur of Jove, 
Similarly Milton: “The Eternal King, 
who rules all Heaven and Earth, Angels 
and Sons of men”, which has all the 
texture of wet cement. 

But what can touch us is the private, 
the personal the concept of 1 and Thou. 
John Donne on his sickbed: "Since I am 
coming to that Holy room/Whcre with 
thy choir of saints for evermore/! shall 
be made thy music...” George Herbert: 
“But as I raved and grew more fierce 
and wild/At every word/Me thought I 
heard one calling. Child:? And I replied. 
My Lord." And that most terrible, most 
moving line in all the Bible. “My God, 
my God, why hast thou forsaken me?”, 
a line which tells us something about 
Jesus, nothing about God. 

I do not know if the Church wants to 
win back people to the spiritual life, but 
1 am certain they will never do so as tong 
as they continue to nail their colours to 
what is essentially an Old Testament 
mast. .As for the New Testament, this 
generation is not obsessed with a sense 
of personal sin, does not seek personal 
redemption, is unatiracied to the idea of 
everlasting life. Proclaiming that the 
Lord is God or Jesus saves is as arid as 
Gifford Longley's arid atheism. But to 
keep an ear open for the still small 
voice within, to commune privately 
with what one believes to be the source 
of one's being, that is open to the 
religious and non-religious alike. 

The author is a writer and broadcaster. 


DwfoerS* Company 
Mr Robert A. J, Bowman, 
Master of the Loriners* Com- 
pany, presided ax a court lun- 
cheon held yesterday at 
Armourers’ HaH The guests 
included fire Masters of the 
Founders' and Rainter-Stainecs* 
Companies and Colonel L A_ 


“Doctor of the Year** 

Lord Denning was the guest of 
honour and presented the 
awards at the ’Doctor of (he 
Year” luncheon held at the 
Savoy Hotel on Thursday, April 
17. "Hie chairman of the BVPA. 
Medical Foundation, Mr Stan- 
ley Glynn, presided. The cita- 
tions were read by Miss Moira 
Stuart, and tbe principal speaker 
was Mr Leslio Thomas. 


Lord Norrie 

Lord Norrie entert ai ned mem- 
bers and guests of the Inter- 
national Cultural Exchange at a 
dinner given at the House of 
Lords last night The Chinese 
Ambassador and Mme Xie 
Heng. the Greek Ambassador 
and Mme Staihatos and Dr R. 
U. Hingorani, chairman, were 

Cambria Lie ute n anc y 
Colonel T.HJL Hodgson. Vice 
Lord- Lieutenant of Cumbria, 
and the Deputy Lieutenants, 
gave a dinner at the Tithe Bam. 
Carlisle, last night in honour of 
tbe Lord-Lieutenant of Cumbria 
and Lady Graham. 

London Pembrokeshire Society 
The annual dinner of the Lou- 
don Pembrokeshire Society was 
held , last night at Innholders’ 
Hall when the. president, Mrs 

Hedydd Hannaby, presented the 
Bardic Crown for the Royal 
National Eisteddfod of Wales, 
Fishguard 1986, the gift of tbe 
society, to Mr H.G.G. 
DevonaJd, Vice-Chairman of 
tbe Eisteddfod Executive 
Committee. Mr Geraint How- 
ells, MP. and Mr David B. 
Morris, chairman of the society, 
also spoke. 

Actuaries' Company 
The Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress, accompanied by the 
Sheriffs and their ladies, at- 
tended a ladies* dinner given by 
the Actuaries' Company last 
night at the Mansion House. Mr 
J. RL Haigh. Master, presided 
and the other speakers were the 
Lord Mayor, Professor Sir Peter 
Swionerton-Dyerand Mr Roger 
Corley. The other guests were 
Loud and Lady Wigpder, Alder- 
man Sir Pner and Lady Gads- 
den, the President of the 
Institute of Actuaries and Mrs 
Moore and the Master of the 
Insurers’ Company. 

Royal College of Radiologists 
Mr W.M. Ross, President of the 
Royal College of Radiologists, 
gave a dinner at the college last 
night in honour of the retiring 
senior vice-president. Dr Doro- 
thy Pearson. 



The annual meeting of the 
Cambridge Society will be held 
on Saturday, April 26, in Gun- 
bridge. The president. Professor 
Sir Harry Hmsley, will be in the 
chair and the speaker will be 
Dame Anne Waibunoo. Presi- 
dent of Lucy Cavendish College. 
Further details are available 
from the secretary, 4 Parson's 
Court, Cambridge. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memorial!! 

£4 a hM +19* VAT 
< — — 1 Jjna) 

tender a m be son » 

CO BOX 484 



l oralnn El 

MMuaceneats am be weaved by 
jeta*«tt M w. ? Ote ro, and 

~ qWyVftjrpebb^- 

mnrn. T ,r ~ nl> " i "fi «c on ow 
and Social ft* «* ■ ft» + !■* 


VMOit-Oo ibuiAaro l9B&atn«K 
In London, co Nicola (nfe 
-D’Astuwes} and John. » son. WB- 
nam Edward Oeonm- a bwUier Knr 

TW good tuna wWdi *•«»; 
Holy (3M wWCb tfwefletn In 
m " 2 TKnoOor »; t« 


HM» « Qg ABW > da-BhWT. 

Antonia E3U*nnn. 

WPOMN - On AarU 15th to EHz»- 
Mb CS«IW) Btenor 

Wav. Kbaud Bay. mw* - adau$iter. 
HOKBUtr ~ On TI«w®n[Anrta* 

1TO u » ffcmaiBteOWBihebrtai^ 
puap. a son. Samuel David, abmth- 

IMBWS-Oa 150) or AMU 1986, at 
-tte Pitta* or Watts HaatttnL |fic 
■ BrfctenL to Barbara (Me Taylor) 
andSawctow. a ran. HoDert Tote 


ABBOTT - on 17m or April alter a 
tfwrt mans brave* borne, jack Ab- 
bott tf ntdan, ftnw .and 
recently or napstoff House. Port 
Stanley. PanHaad islands. Betoved 
husband of toe late Irene. Father of 
MichaeL Donald and Ow and 
wandftdlier off thrir children. Foner- 
aS service, to a Marys Cburtb. 
TTonhacn on Thrasday 340) of Apcfi, 
ol 10 . 16 am- fbOowed by private cne- 
jnaUon. Fnmttv Bowm only ptaase. 
OonaUons if desired to the Phyms 
CuckweO Hos** Ftanttam. AH eo- 
qnfarteaand dONUfMi tolLG Patrick 
A Son. 86 Cast Sonet Fatmtuun. Tet 
0262 714884. 

BAMS - On April Uw 17m 1986. at 
Moat , House. Monewden. Nr 
WoodbridpB- after a lon g IBneA 
Catherine Ansusta. ndwri vft of 
Major G.H.W. BatrtL Tbr Seagirce 
lEgUamiers and moUw of Dtan 
and Angus. Faoer al at Mtowda 
Church, on Wotoesday Anrfi the 
23 rd at 2 JOoro. foUowed W private 
cremation. FanWy flowers only. Do- 
oaiians if desired tor Monewden 
Ctmreh. to Mrs Martin. Greemray. 
Monewden. Nr Woodbridpe. SldMk. 
IUUIBIII I In llllll l l»i 1986. «**- 
fkdbr. Alice Mary (ToMW to iw 
lOSnlyeor. Mkntd owUier of Doris. 
eSslV Mwtorte. BW andRatoh. 
and dew QaoSma. Great Grandma 
an* GrentGreal Grandma. Funeral 
service Monday April 21 Newhffllon 
partsb cmach. Hanto. at 2.16orn. 

Flowers If destrea to fedoodyshmerW 

K. S9. Old M8U» «oad. New 

BOOOV-On AprB 17th 1986. In Shef- 
field. Thomas Norman, bwbmtd of 
. MurleL and father of Richard and 
SSnJrilMral privstt. pandtyran- 

en only. . 

On April 17th 1986. Dr 

. To tntrise (b6c N ortwry) 
NichoiaB. on AptB the 17tb at 
gSi^ChBrtotta HosgftaL ahralhw 

• S?iSlll»ew8WDaiiiri.Chi«iW 


CANM * To Janet tote Straw sal 

Maurice, on the 1 4tti0f Aprs 
daughter. Ctabc -lo h a tiba . a brother 
for Steven. 

GARTER • Fiona FWrida tote KMglU 
and Caiy James, a sea. CB«n 
. Janes, barf) 73x0 OS March 1966- 
OWBl - On tfitti of Aprt 
Hospicd. weBlngwn. to Jmiwi n 
laa a son Robert EO VJ ostL a brotiier 
for Jennifer Ross. 

aw Fi - on April -17th at Qumo 
C aiarioiteM Hospital, to Peodope and 
John, a daughter. 

■ARnM - on 1st April lo Donna (nee 

pSS) and Mick. * ^ V 1 ® 

Margaret, a stater for Cnttan. 

H AWKE- » Sydney. 

(nte Maekenrie 9mhh)«M 
SHnon, a daughter Cbartotte. asHtCT 

HCUWO^Oni 160i of Ap ril M S t 
rheoM's ^ 

rah. a «m. Thomas xvo™"- 

HOPE - on tw i am ofAprt 

and Drita. (n*e Metcatfe) • 

AJMc Laura Bethany, a swmr ro 
Lynxy Jan& 

- ISAACSON - On the 6ft of 

• ■SmrI U Tahyl and TW. a 
daughter Kaie uaona 

HOOttC DVTTDN - To E^WghJ tod 
. peter, a daughter Mary Frances on 

1 Wednesday April 16ft- , 

' NEMAN - To Carodne CrfeJBwff 
and Siophew. on t7tB M AJTfl 19g^ 
a daugnier. ftochn caroune. bsw 

tor Katie. ' ~ . m i*n- 

RANKJN - On April the ldfttolAO* 

nora infe 

mxfirttr (Leonora Pansopev 

AtBK*' Brans, very dear son of DooBr 
£T»a Joan, in Ms 49» year In 
Sydney. Austradn. 

IBOOMHALL on April 18th.' peaceftU- 

CATTLE - On TlnKday AwU 17 
1966 . praceAd&r ft M* 9ist year, at 

toe . Marie Cole Nw*? Ho™*- 
cunie Head. Edinburgh, Alfred 

PhfltoCalttB C.CMEM. MJL&G. For 
Manager. LCJ- Nana's 
gSdvScomnany Lftdted. bj- 
toMd father Of Frank and Diet. 

■mtoriinL PenOBfid ww* 
5SSdw April 22nd al a4Spra.Fton- 
ayflowra owy » 

(Funeral Pgeqo ra) « Roaeneaft 

Street. Edmaorob. 

COATES - OU April tSft. PMC eftdfr. 
at the Sue Byto Home. Kay. modi 

jane and John, daughter erf Oiw. 
Funma at 6*. Maaft auirch. 

Tuesday 22nd April at 
2.30PQL Fanifly Oowers ooty Please. 
SffiaifdMired maybe sent to 

sue Ryder Home. Netoebed. 

ffi‘asr!gs (f A an tSs^ 

Spiral m^noiher. Sen-tee at 

day ' tX5rd AprH ft 2-0to»l KV 
reoucai. family Bowers only. Don»- 
SSStfdfriTOt to die HasnMoW 
gSSreneft. Worth** HoapOaL e/o 
SI Boat 

Worthing Suwe* 34S16. 

cuaWill — cm April i7th. 8 ud dewy .tp 
iSrSTdearly to«ft h«to 

£Slof CWla. faftor Of amnoand 

Mwtfothar of Oliver and THomas 
SinderB oi-swa »66t- 

EUM - On Thursday April 17th. 
peacefully In her 9W year ft St 
MauriS Convent. Waytndoeu Mr 
Margaret (Jane StopanO ride* 
daughter of the Me Mr and Mrs P. 
Dgtn- in v e raeea. ton—y of MW 
Jew WhteL Nranbem Drive. Ltoer 
pool and MWoMrfbr over SO years 
In Kuofa uamr. Maytoda. Deeply 
reveled tar her etatosu her nephew 
and ttmQy. and her ounvwluu cera- 
numoy. Rrauian Mam on 
Wednesday April 2SnS ft St Manreta. 
WUytaridge ft Hera. 

FARROW - On 17th April 1986 aped 
85. pe a ceftfty at 36 

Bitooroogto fudge. Ttmfirtdge WMs. 
formerly of Java. Indonesia. Mara 
Janet beloved wife of Maurice, 
mother of David and Robin, grand- 
mother of Simon. Ones. Baft and 
Pandora. FoBowing a long Dines 
faced with grew courage and hu- 
mour. Private cremation. Family 
flowers only, but: If derirM donations 
to Cancer Research. 

FRANKLIN - On April 18Qi peacefully 
a! home. David EWs. dearly loved 
Mshawtof Myrtle and father of ve- 
ronica. Shirtw. Nigel and Stephen 
and lovtatg grandfather ft Lucinda. 
James. Joseph and Jethro. After a 
Aides fought wfti great courage and 
cheerftdnesB. : Funeral N WOtden 
Ceraentera. Beaconsflrid Road, on 
Sunday April 20th at 4pm. prayers 
Bpm at £7 Queens Grove. NWS. 
RgLBERT-On Ittb April 1986 peace- 
fully at home in New York. Mftorie. 
dearly loved wlte ft Jack, mother ft 
Joan. Betty. John, aunt ft David, 
grandmother 01 Kerri Anne. Diane. 
Chipper. Scott. Robbie. Jock. Mareri- 
ia and Tommy. A deaf- and very 
special lady- 

GROVE - On April 12th after a short 
limms. Doctor Writer Patrick Grove 
C3. EL. former Director ft The Radio 
Chemical Centre. Amentum. Pri- 
vate cremation. foUowad by a 
menurlft service at Oultord SL l%- 
ter Parish Church 12 noon April 
30 th- No Downs please. Donations If 
Wished to King's GoBegc Hospilal 

Scanner Appeal. 

HAUL on April tab 1986. suddenly 
-and peaoefftty at- home In 
Beandnster. Katherine Margaret 
Eiphinsum. Funeral strain ft St 
Many’s Chmeh. Deamtns i cr tmTues- 
day April 22nd ft 12 noon. Family 
flowers only Dtatoe. Donfttons U de- 
sired to Wood Green Animal Shelter 
c/o A J wakriy A Sons. 91 Etft 
Street. Bridport. Dorset. 
tHBWClIT - On April I7malBmier 
Bay note*. St James. Barbados. Jim. 
very much brioved hustmtoftSu- 

pm. Alter ataaglBneasixmOoaaiy 

Home. Funeral and last resitno place 
In Barbados. 

HUNTER Dorothea, on April 17th. 
1966. ft hone after long fitness 
bravely .borne, aged 76, Dorothea 
Hunter JP. sonetttuOKlam OauneB 
number, betoved wfte ft Mftr Hunt- 
er QC. Funeral Moruake 
Crematnrimn. Townmead. Kew, on 
Wednesday Abril 23rd ft 3JXlpm. 
FamBy noww^onty. Donatlcns if de- 
sired la oxttu. rnepeft. Oxford. 
0X27 BR. 

MARTYR - On Aprfl 16th 1966.Doro- 
my May Martyr aged 82, of OwhoO 
Surrey, a beloved mother, god- 
mother and frwnd. Funeral service 
TWIU be held ft the ChUterns Ow*»- 

rfum. WMeiden Lane. Amrriham. en 

Wednesday April 23rd ft i2JQpm. 
An enquiries and flowtis to James & 
Thomas Ltd. WD Road, CoMHll. T® 
0032 63009. 

iftTAXM - Dr. Marc, on FWrnara 
7Tb 1986. near ZoririK th* farmer 
Head ft Zdrfcb Dm) B*n» ft the 
SwW Red Cross, loved husband ft 
MvptL dear brother pad unde. 
RAVEN - Norman Joseph. On 17th of 
April peacefully tn hospilal after & 
briar Hhusa. foaowmo a tkrCme ft 
triumph over adverrtty. He was an 
Insplnuton to us aU and a true friro 
wno wiu ever be remembered by Ids 
children. granddiOdren and many 
more. Funeral 2S»1 of Aprfl ft Lewi- 
sham Crematorium ft SCO pm- 
Famfiy nowws only. «Ws wish was 
tor donations ptesss to Um RMH. 

(RUMS on Aprfl lim 1988 
hooe ninem bravely borne. VMat Flo- 
ra, dearly bread wifa of 

School Enquiries to F Jempsan * 
Son. 38 HI0h Street BaBtak Tat Bat- 
tle 202% 

mom -on mo lenofApfl 1988, 
at SI Ma t ga wto Nmhg Mona. 
Louth. Edith, aged 96 yaaro. ftarmal- 
ly ft Stamford. Widow of Rewnsd 
V. Donald Sktoons. Mottar of Ekn- 
nor and BetmftL Barbara Pepper 
and Anthony. No Oowore, Donations 
8 dotted to Methodfat MhiMer Ro- 
Brement Fund. Methodh t Qmreh. 
Division ft Finance. 1 Central Build- 
togs. Westminster. Lo ndo n SWiH 

WWTE - On AprH the I7» peacftWty 
ai her home tn Bedford, his. widow 
ft Major Luke White and much loved 
mother ft Rody and Daphne. Bwfly 

■ missed by aa her Mends and reta- 
Uom Private cremation. Memorial 
service later ft Lockeen Church. 

«mj> - On the 16th ft April 1986. 
peacefully ft Sea Whispers. 39 
caytey Promenade. Roseon-Sea. 
Nortu Gwendottne. the youngest 
daughter ft T.C WBd. founder of tbe 
Oran ft Royal Albert China. Beloved 
si s t er ft Betty and the late Lflttan 
MnnceiH and Phyflts and a very dear 
(Mead of MW Harold Ramsay. Funer- 
al service ft Ros*«n-Sea Methodist 
Church, on Monday 21* April at 
2pm. fcOowed by cremation . Eoqui- 
r hm 0492 4B351. 

WRtOlfT On 26th March. 1966 to ms 
97lh year. Roland Lewis, latfty of 
Nags HDL Burntwood. Walsau and 
mrmeUy honorary trade rorauri s- 
noner forSofth Africa to Beigtnm ta 
the 1930'S. 


60LIBR - The immortal service tor 
H. Martin OoiUerof Cbaribura. Dun- 
lop Malacca mid Melbourne wQ ba 

held ft the Parish church. Woodford, 
Stockport. Cheshire on Friday April 
2Sh 1986 ft zaoom. Enquiries to 
061 439 4660 or 0742 302123. 
COLLIER - The Memorial Service Mr 
H. Martin Cooler ft ChariBiny. Dtm- 
Jop Malacca and Mefflourne win be 
held at tbe Perish Church. Wood- 
ford. Stockport Cheshire on Friday. 
April 25th. 1986 at 2JS0po. Enqui- 
ries to 061 439 4660 or 0742 

(WinunKtA Memorial Service 
for Angela CrtlfUfr Jones will take 
place ft CMMOid ChwtB. Cheyne 
Walk. London SW3. on Saturday 

Aprfl aSBi^ft 12 noon. 


, V«re Frederick 
CeeB tWonrHamooen, 90i Eart .et 
Buckinghamshire. 13th Baron Ho> 
baft of BUeHtoh-beiouM husband ft 
Margot Died 19th April 1983. 

“Afl (hat is nohle. all that ts true, ad 
that is tori and pure, loveable and 
gracious.” Angsts stun guard tbee. 

Roy TatsttUcU. His 
Loved for all flat by 

I- Violet 19th April 1979. Al- 
ways to ou- thoughts and 
iwnusnband with HUCh lore, by 
George. Arid* and Cary. 

NEMO.- John Nettei November 28th 
1913(0 Aprfl 19th 1981. Loved and 
reme mb ered ttds day and everyday. 

HUNTER - to cherished memory of 
NpntMui Qtaries Hunter, ptoywrtgitt. 
wtw toed i9th April mi. 

JIMENEZ - Heather- Died April aoth 
1986. In aOectlonato memory and 
grad odimraliorL Janus. 


GREfiOfoftSKEAltDOn April 12 ft St. 
Helen's Church. SandaL Captain An- 
drew Richard Gregory RJV. ft 
Sedbergh to Mbs Sally Ann Shear* 
ft Walton. 

Forthcoming marriages 

A. CbapMtie 
and mSsVM . Stamp 
The eogagemem is announced 
between Olivier, eldest son of M 
Joseph Cbappatte, of Geneva, 
Switzerland, and Mrs Sallk 
Sloman, of London, and Vic- 
toria Madeleine, daughter of Sir 
Eric and Lady Sharp, of 

MrCdeC- Ashe 
and Miss V J. Young 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Christopher, son of Mr 
and Mis John Ashe, of 
Oevenon, Wiltshire, and Vic- 
toria, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Christopher Young, of Kington 
Langley, Wiltshire. 

Mr T-R. Barber 
and Miss JJL. Kirk 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy Richard Bar- 
ber and Judith Anne, daughter 
of Mrs BA. Kirk. 

Mr MJ-S. Blind 
and Miss M.C Daniel 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael John Stewart, 
second son of Major-General 
and Mrs P.H.W. Brind, or 
Haslemene, Surrey, and Marie 
Clare, daughter of Dr and Mrs 
A.C.A. Daniel, of North 
Leverton, Nottinghamshire. 

Mr NJ. Clarke 
and Miss S.A. Tricfcey 
The engagement is announced 
between Nigel, only son of Mr 
and Mrs CAJ. Clarke, of 
Pyrfbrd Woods, Surrey, and 
Sarah, ddest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Nicholas Trickey, of 
Sunninshm, Berkshire. 

Mr JJXE. Hawkey 
and Miss GAL Prichard 
Tbe engagement is announced 
from Sydney between John, son 
of the late Ted Hawkey, of 
Rhodesia, and Mrs Patricia 
Bradshaw, of Sydney, Australia, 
and G illian Marjorie, second 
daughter of Lieutenant-Cokmel 
J. Prichard. DSO, MC and Mis 
EAeea Prichard, of Scaview, Isle 
of Wight. 

Mr D J. Lench 
and Miss AXT. Elgar 
The engagement is announced 
between David, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs AJ. Lench. of 
Canterbury, and Anne, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs CJ. 
Elgar, of Beckenham. Kent. 

Mr Dr. Olsson 
and Miss L_P. Wells 
The engagement is announced 
between David, son of Mr and 
Mrs J.C Olsson, of Canberra, 
Australia, and Lynne, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs A.C. 
Wells, Leighton Buzzard, 


Mr MJ. Asher 
and Signori n? M. Pern 
The marriage took place on 
April IS at St Mary Abbots' 
Church, Kensington, of Mr 
Michael John Asher, younger 
son of Mr and Mrs F.W. Asher, 
of Stamford, and Signorina 
Mariantonietta Peru, only 
daughter of General and Signora 
P. Peru, of Rome. 

A reception was held at the 
London Tara Hotel. 

Mr T.D. Sargison 
and Miss J. Popina 
Tbe marriage took place on 
April 5. at All Saints Church, 
Bewdtey, between Mr David 
Sargison, only son of Mr and 
Mrs P.HL Sargison. of Biddey, 
Kent, and Miss Jeanette Popina. 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs J. 
Popina, oFStoureort-on-Sevem, 
Worcestershire. The Rev David 
Crowhurst officiated. 

The bride who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Mrs Ros Raynes. 
Mrs Jill Allbrookc, Catherine 
Buxton and Pedro Raposo. Mr 
David Wilson and Mr Carfos 
Freire were best men. 

A reception was held at The 
Chateau Impney Hotel. 
Droitwich, and the honeymoon 
is being spent in Mauritius. 

Services tomorrow 

Third Sunday 
after Easter 

Dominion Or coem (UEtaw). I 
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3 E. My Moved stake (PtirreB). The 

9. 12. 5.3a 7 LM: 10. 30 HM. Sure 
poocn arnica mea Cawmi Ego 
sum panto vtvus (Esantvel): 530 

54rte8TlO.12.l5. 6 LM: 11 HU. 
Rev Peter Siodan. 

Am ax* HC; 11.15 MPJj yvwrd 


»I.,6 Oron^O 


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a^o. 12.16 HC; it M. The 

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BrnSFanttL SW3; £ J ?J%L}2 

Children's Serwto: XI M; 6 E. Rev C 

B HC XX Rortoh communion. Rev J 
Barton: 6 Easier Carols. 
Audley Street Wl; 8.16 HC; 11 Suns 

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canon John Dales: 6JO E- ll wt 
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8.30 HC: ll Sum Euch. Short Srrvtre 
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CT JAMES’S. Sussex tSaidens. W2.8 
HC: t0.30 Sung Euch. Mtssa Aeats 
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ST JAMES’S. Rccaftlly. , wi . 830 
HC. 1 1 Sung Euch: 6 Evening Prajw. 
ST JOHN'S. Hyde Park Crescent. «« 
10 C. Rev Thanueus J Birchard: 6 JO 
ES. Rev Robert P Callaghan. . „ 
ST LUKE’S. Chelsea. SWS^. 12.15 
HC: 10JO Sung Euch- Rev D R 
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(BattenV. 6.30 E- Rise heart, toy Loro 
is men (Vaughan wimamsx Rev N 


ST MARCARET7S. Wesimlnsier. 
SW1. SIS. 12.15 HC II M and 
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nion. Rev PhlUp Chest rx. 11 30 
Morning Service. Rev John 
Wlltiertdge: 2A5 Chinese Service: 
4.1© E; 6.30 ES. The vicar. 

ST MARY ABBprrs. k’ensu^on. 
WB: 8. 12.30 HC. 9.30 Sung Euch. 
Ret S H H A eland: 11. 15 M. T7»e 
v»car 6 30 E. Rev S H H Artand. 
ST MARYLEBOKE. Marylebone 
Road, ws: 8. 11 HC. Rev R McLaren. 
OrgeKolomesse iMorart*. Laudale 
Dotnlnum (Mozart K 6.30 Rev D Hr ad 
ST PAUL’S. Rohert Adam Street WH 
ll. 6 30 Rev George ftiudy. _ „ 
ST PALL'S- will an Ptace.SWl:,B.9 
HC: ll Solemn Euch. Mtssa Aedto 
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risen again (John RuUrrt. Rev ACC 

Ifti i rlaiilil 

ST PETEirs. Eaton Souare. SWl: 
a 1 5 HC: 10 Family MW®. Mass («r 
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been silence iBansiow): 11 Solemn 
Mass. Rev P Bus an. 

ST SIMON ZELOTES. Mutter Street. 
SW3: B. 1 1 HC: 6_30 E. 

ST STEPHEN’S. GlouCMlrr Road. 
SW7: 8. 9 LM: 11 HM. MtSSa 6 Vocl 
(CeretoW. Preh Herhert Moore; 6 
Solemn Evensong wl Benedlclton. 

ST iSdKst'KjW' Lane. ECa 11 
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thy praise (Greene 1. 

■nte ANNUNOATfON Brvaraton 
Street, wi: ll MM. Mlasa secunda 
(Hudirl. canoze Domino rantmrn 
mSun iScnuUj: 6 LM am BenetUc- 


LAND. Pont Srreet. SW Lll . R fv W 
Aleva nder Calms: 6JO Rev J Fraser 

Garden. WCZ; 11.15. H 5 V ., P>V ” M 
BccketL 6 JO- Rev Donato Macarthur. 
THt ASSUMPTION. Warwick Slreft. 
WI: a. 10. 12. -L 6 LM: 1 1 SM. Mtea 
Collegium Reflate (HowftgLHf 
wairhlng over Israel {MewielStohnl. 

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WI: It. Rev Ron F .AHUoil^. ^ 


King's Road. SW3: 11 Rev WUuam 
Ctepesfc: b HC Rev tan Yates. 
CHURCH. Wl: 11 tttvjphn Newton; 
& SO Rev Ken Howcrofl. KENSIN& 
TON URC. Alien Street W8: 11. 6.30 

CBC. Tavistock Place. WCl: It Rev 
WesJPV Workman: 6.30 Rev jonn 



Rev John Miller. 


Rev Honal tl C G toblro 
(MMhodisiL SWl: U Rev Duwyn 
Banner: 6.30 Rev R John Tudor. 
ham Gale. SWl; 11 . 6J0 Rev R T 



Father of French aviation 
and elder statesman 

Marcel Dassault, the French 
aviation pioneer who 
from designing wooden pro- 
pcllors for biplanes to creating 
the Mirage supersonic fight- 
ers. died yesterday in Paris. 
He was 94. 

In a professional life span- 
ning more than 70 years, 
Dassault involved himself in 
banking, construction, pub- 
lishing and engineering as well 
as aeronautics, and he was 
thought to be one of France's 
wealthiest men. 

Elected unopposed to the 
National Assembly Iasi 
month, where he was due to 
deliver the opening speech. 
Dassault was the doyen of 
French politics. 

He was born Marcel Bloch 
in Paris on January 22. 1892, 
the fourth son of Dr Adolphe 
Bloch, a French Jew and 
modestly successful Paris 

The young Marcel's protean 
capabilities were nourished by 
the intense inventive develop- 
ment in France during his 
youth. As an eight-year-old he 
visited the Universal Exposi- 
tion in Paris in 1900. Seventy 
years later, in his autobiogra- 
phy. The Talisman, he was to 
recall the wonders of technol- 
ogy which he then saw. 

From the yard of his school 
be caught sight of bis first 
aeroplane, a Wilbur Wright 
chugging past the Eiffel Tow- 
er. The lure of aviation was 
immediate and complete. 

When the Great War ar- 
rived. he greeted conscription 
into the French Air Force with 
enthusiasm and, armed with 
degrees in aeronautical design 
and electrical engineering, he 
was assigned to an aviation 
regiment in Reims. 

The first Dassault commer- 
cial project was the Eclair 
propellor. An immediate or- 
der came for 150 of them at 
£!S apiece. In a matter of 
months, Dassault, and his 
partner, Henri Potez. had 
created one of the largest 
companies producing propel- 

By 1917. with the money 
they had made, he and Potez 
were building the SEA4 mono- 
plane. The French govern- 
ment was impressed and 
ordered 1,000. but the signing 
of the armistice resulted in 
only 1 00 being delivered. 

Peace brought a lull in 
demand and Dassault turned 
his attention lo property spec- 
ulation, quietly and efficiently 
amassing a considerable 

By 1930; convinced that 
control of the skies would be 
the determining factor of the 
next war, Dassault again 
teamed up with Potez and 
built a succesful tri-motor 
mail plane. He then began 
turning out fighter craft work- 
ing closely with the govern- 
ment and the military. 

The Bloch 210 was his 
maiden bomber ordered by 
the French Air Ministry in 
1933. It became known as the 
“Flying Coffin”, after a num- 
ber of them crashed because 
they were underpowered. The 
twin-engined 220 was more 
successful an d was capable of 
carrying 16 passengers. 

He soon formed his own 
company only to see it 
nationalised in 1936 as the 
Societe Nalionale de Con- 
structions Aeronautiques. 
Dassault was already a mil- 
lionaire. He was paid off 
handsomely under the 
nationalisation scheme, re- 
maining head of the company 
while also retaining control of 
his private aeronautics re- 
search and development 

After the invasion of 
France, he refused lo work for 
the Luftwaffe and joined the 
Resistance. Dassault was cap- 
tured and deported to Buchen- 
wald concentration camp 
where he was held for three 
years. He was liberated from 

block 14 at the end of the war 
to make the one and only 
flight of his lifetime - by 
Junkets 88 bade to France. He 
was later awarded the Grand 
Croix Legion d’honneur and 

the Croix de Guerre. 

Once home, he continued 
where he had left off making 
aeroplanes. During these years 
he did much towards the 
remarkable renaissance of the 
French aircraft industry, and 
the next 30 years were to see 
him emerge as the aviation 
giant of Europe. 

His company recovered 
and. under the name Generate 
Atronauiique Marcel 
Dassault, he embarked upon 
ambitious technical and pro- 
duction programmes. 

His enterprises expanded 
and eventually covennl the 
design and construction of 
boih civil and military aircraft 
and of guided missiles and 
items of specialised 

It was the Dassault Mysiere, 
which made its first flight in 
February’. 1951, that set a 
pattern lor the future. It was a 
fighter, capable of high sub- 
sonic speeds, equipped origi- 
nally with a Rolls-Royce 
designed engine built under 
licence by Hispano-Suiza. The 
Mystere IV was the first 
European plane to break the 
sound barrier. 

But the magnificent Mirage 
period was yet to come, 
reaching prominence with the 
Mirage III. heralding the 
Mach 2 era with its first 
experimental flight in Novem- 
ber 1956. This was followed 
by tbe Mirage IV variant, a 
supersonic atomic bomber 
which first flew in July 1959 
and which set an international 
speed record soon afterwards. 

The Mirage IV came into 
service in 1964, catapulting 
French defence strategy into 
the age of the nudear deter- 
rent force. The Mirage V 
ground attack aircraft arrived 
in 1967, making possible an 
even greater weapons load and 
extended attack radius. 

Other planes included tbe 
navy's Etendard. which devel- 
oped into the Super Etendard 
used by Argentine pilots 
against the British forces in 
the Falklands. 

Orders were now arriving 
from overseas, and, by 1981, 
Avions Dassault-Breguet was 
the eighth largest aircraft man- 
ufacturer in the world with 
annual sales of 12.4 billion 

Dassault was as shrewd as 
he was timid and be was quick 
to realise the commercial ad- 
vantage of political influence. 

Despite an aversion to 
crowds, he stood for elective 
office with the Gaullist Party 
and was elected a Deputy in 
the National Assembly from 
1951-55 and a Senator from 
1957-58. He was reelected as 
a Deputy for the Oise constitu- 
ency in 1958 and remained 
involved in politics until his 

His private life was most 
carefully hidden: a three-mile 
long wall protected his 100- 
room country mansion in the 
Yveslines, his very own Xana- 
du. Dassault married Made- 
leine Hirch-Minckds in a 
Jewish ceremony in 1919, 
although later he became a 
Roman Catholic. 


Mrs Ethel Haythomthwaiie, 
who devoted a lifetime to the 
preservation of the natural 
beauty of tbe Peak District, 
died on April ] I. 

As the founder and patron 
of the Sheffield and Peak 
District branch of the Council 
for the Protection of Rural 
England, which she directed 
for over 55 years, she had the 
satisfaction of seeing the Peak 
District designated Britain's 
first National Park in 1951 
and the creation of Sheffield’s 
‘•green bell” in 1983. 

One of the special tasks of 
the branch, to which Ethel 
Haythomthwaiie gave un- 
stinting attention, was the 
improvement of housing de- 
sign in the Peak District and 
its conformity with the sur- 
rounding countryside. 

She helped to establish an 
advisory panel of architects in 
1930 and, with the architect J. 
V. Worsnip, published what 
was probably foe first manual 
on the design, lay-out and 
choice of materials for hous- 
ing in the countryside. Hous- 
ing in the Peak District. 

The now accepted general 
use of local stone or suitable 
alternatives for rooft and 
walls in rural areas owes much 
to this pioneering work. 

For 33 years foe offices and 
exhibition accommodation of 
the branch were provided free 
of charge at Endcliffe Vale 
House, foe home of Mrs T. W. 
Ward, Ethel 

Haythomthwziie's mother. 

and for 13 years the family 
themselves paid the salaries of 
the professional staff, whicb 
included an architect and a 

Under Ethel 

Haythornth waite's secretary- 
ship. a joint committee of the 
CPRE and foe Sheffield Coun- 
cil of Social Service purchased 
the Duke of Rutland's 
Longshaw estate of 747 acres 
and its shooting lodge, and its 
transfer to the National Trust 
in 1931 marked the start of foe 
trust's ownership of land in 
the Peak District. 

Other land purchases in- 
cluded Mam Tor and foe 
famous Winnats Pass, adding 
to the trust's holdings in the 
area which now amount to 
some 34,000 acres. 

Ethel Haythomfowaite was 
one of the remaining members 
of the National Parks 
iHobhouse) Committee which 
brought on to foe statute book 
the National Parks Act (1949) 
and the establishment of the 
nation’s 10 national parks. 

For many years she was a 
member of foe executive com- 
mittee of the National Trust, 
the Council for the Protection 
of Rural England and foe 
Standing Committee on Na- 
tional Parks. 

She received public recogni- 
tion for her achievements by 
being made an MBE in 1946, 
and being awarded an honor- 
ary MA from Sheffield Uni- 
versity in 1951 and foe 
Queen's Silver Jubilee Medal 
in 1977. 


US used ‘near 
blackmail’ in 
Libyan raid 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

Lord Carver, former Chief 
of I he Defence Staff, yesterday- 
accused the United States 
Administration of using near 
blackmail against Mrs Thatch- 
er in order to launch the 
Libyan attack from British 

He said it was hypocritical 
and unwise to try to justify the 
American action as self-de- 
fence defined in Article 51 of 
the United Nations Charter. 

“Hypocritical, because that 
article was clearly never in- 
tended to cover anything like 
this, and unwise because it 
opened the door to its abuse," 
he said. 

“I sympathize with them 
(the government) in their 
moral dilemma, in which they 
were placed by what can only 
be described as the near 
blackmail of the statement, 
that if the F 1 1 Is were not 
used there would be a greater 
risk both to civilians near the 
targets and to the US air 

Lord Carver said during a 
Lords debate on Libya that 
military advisers, if asked for 
advice, would have warned 
that the attack could make 
terrorism worse and direct 
some of it against Britain. 

It could range Arab opinion 
behind Gadaffi in Libya, 
north Africa and the Middle 
East Lord Carver said that 
Britain would be seperated 
from her European allies, 
making it less likely they could 
be persuaded to take more 

Labour ‘to veto’ US 

By Oar Lobby Reporter 

A future Labour govern- 
ment would take immediate 
action to regulate the presence 
of US forces in Britain and 
ensure a physical veto over the 
use of base racilities. 

The party's national execu- 
tive committee said in a 
statement yesterday that this 
week's events had shown how 
vital it was to re-establish 
British control over LIS bases 
and to remove all US nuclear 

"The use of US bases in 
Britain, for non-Nato pur- 

poses, calls into question the 
Reagan Administration's un- 
derstanding of the Atlantic 
alliance — and Mrs Thatcher's 
willingness and ability to re- 
strict their use to the defence 
of Britain and Europe." 

The bombing of Libyan 
cities was unjustified under 
international law and the 
United Nations charter. “It 
was not immediate, appropri- 
ate. or proportionate to the 
threat posed by Colonel 

Solution to Pnzrfe No 17,018 Solution to Pnzzle No 17,023 

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si tittinoiiBas 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,024 

A prize o/Tbe Times Atlas of World History will be given for the 
first three correct solutions opened next Thursday- Entries should 
be addressed toe The Times. Saturday Crossword Competition. 

Box 486. / Virginia Street, London El ODD. The winners and 
solution will be published next Saturday. 

The winners of last Saturday's companion toe: 

Mrs M A Buuerwortk. York Road, Woking. Surrey; DRI 
Williams. Caewal Road. Uandaff. Cardiff: Dr P M Ralph, Selly 
Park Road. Selly Park. Birmingham. 




1 Pleased with the way one 
takes old floozie as travel- 
ling companion (9.3). 

9 Prohibition - it includes 
rent revision by police 
department retrospectively 

10 Large fireplace, sa>?(5). 

11 Idly plays guitar - with the 

12 Babe's confounded every- 
one at this game (8). 

13 literary type tried new way 
to comprehend ciphe- (61 

IS Held back by a mugger in 
short it’s full of clues (8). 

18 But it's do disadvantage to a 
rabbit of course (8). 

19 Robin Goodfeliow's master 
in the wilds of Borneo (6). 

21 Like Alexander's enemy a 
claimant to ibe triple crown 

23 Barrel of wood given to the 
family (6). 

26 In folklore once a giant fish 

27 Break into the enclosure 
with extra-terrestrial speed 

28 Churchman who is possibly 
best in prayer (12). 


1 Miller’s com. the French 
version, creates body tissue 


2 Rock's End as place of sac- 
rifice (5). 

3 Volcano disrupts Bristol? 
That’s out of order (9). 

4 About fifty-one ducks 
needed for this dish (4). 

5 Way on to the world stage, 
according to iaques (8). 

6 Point of view of an old set- 
tler here <5). 

7 Tantalus's prisoner does 
without hypocrisy (8). 

8 Such characters are inclined 
to show stress (6). 

14 Rising soldier no one can 
upset by firing 18). 

16 Out of sight, out of mind in 
this French-style dungeon 

17 Peter whistles for one of the 
syringes (3-5). 

18 Hard ground where the fire 
burned (6). 

20 Leaders of newspapers are 
naturally eager for material 

22 River deity in Rome is a 
kind of bear (5). 

24 Tommy's wear sounds the 
thing to switch on 14? (5). 

25 As black as the cloak wont 
by Hamlet in stale (4). 

effective anti-terrorist 

In any future anti-American 
terrorist attacks, the United 
States would, have much less 

The Archbishop ofYork. Dr 
John Habgood, questioned the 
legality and wisdom of the 
raid. He said: “You have to 
isolate terrorist groups from 
their allies and you have to 
keep the high moral ground 
because terrorism feeds on a 
distorted sense of self-righ- 
teousness. The LIS action fails 
on all three counts. 

“We have got ourselves imo 
this mess, and now we have to 
look to the future for a 
constructive way forward. 
Somehow we have got to help 
our American friends see that 
some problems can be. and 
must be, tackled in a lower 

Some ministers and Conser- 
vative MPs were privately 
dreading the effect involve- 
ment in the attack will have on 
local and two parliamentary 
by-elections on May 8. 

Four years ago, the Falk- 
lands victory resulted in 
sweeping local election suc- 
cesses for Mrs Thatcher's 
Government Some Tories be- 
lieve the raid will have the 
reverse effect 

Senior ministers were well 
aware that while President 
Reagan was gaining kudos 
from the affair, Mrs 
Thatcher's government was 
attracting political odium. 


Colonel Gadaffi reassuring a casualty of the American bombing raid daring a visit to a Tripoli hospfcaL 

used his 
real name 

Continued from page 1 

1970s, and one of them, Mr 
Dogan Hindawj, chairs the 
Iraq Solidarity Campaign in 
Jordan. One of his brothers 
trained as a chartered accoun- 
tant in Britain. 

“After a couple of months 
he came to me and said he 
•warned to be a sub-editor, but 
I didn't think he had the 
calibre. 1 said no. He got upset 
and locked the teleprinter up 
as a protest. So I sacked him. 

“He was not very popular 
with his colleagues. He never 
talked about politics: he only 
talked about himself. 

Although he did not dispute 
his dismissal Mr Hindawi 
was cited and appeared as a 
witness when another employ- 
ee of Al-Arab took his case to 
the Industrial Tribunal 

Hurd steps into jail dispute 

B|y Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

Mr Douglas Hurd, Home 
Secretary, has intervened in 
the jail dispute to try" to 
prevent industrial action by 
prison officers. 

He has invited the national 
executive committee of their 
association to meet him on 
Monday. Mr Hurd told MPs 
ou Thursday; “We do not seek 
amfrontatiou. Our chief ef- 

ifilr " 

Mr Hurd: “We do not 
seek confrontation” 

forts over the coming days, as 
in the last few weeks, will 
continue to be directed to 
resolving the dispute.” 

The prison officers hope 
that the difference between the 
two sides can be resolved to 
their satisfaction. So for the 
Home Office has said there 
should only bediscussion 
about manning levels. Instead 
of discussion, the Prison Offi- 
cers Association wants 

Behind the argument are 
two bitterly opposed and in- 
compatible points of view. 
Prisons, which are part of a 
denuuid-Jed penal system — it 
has to cope with the criminab 
caught and sentenced — are 
being made subject to strict 
financial discipline. Manage- 
ment, as In the police, has 
become deeply concerned with 
value for money, though modi 
more is being spent on jails. 

In the prisons, the managers 

the POA does go ahead 
with industrial action, its pay 
round talks with the Treasury 
could be pat hi jeopardy. 

Waraf words, page 2 


Today’s events 

New exhibitions 
Railart 86, Railways of the 
West Midlands; City Museum 
and An Gallery, Foregale St 
Worcester. Mon to Fri 9.30 to 6, 
Sat 9.30 to 5, closed Thurs and 
Sun (ends May 17) 

Venice Observed and other 
works by John Bratby; Cleve- 
land Gallery, Victoria Rd, 
Middlesbrough; Tues to Sat 12 
to 7 (ends May 24) 

Summer Pots by a selection of 
British potters; Peter Dingley 
Gallery. 8 Chapel St, Stratford- 
upon-Avon; daily 9.30 to 1.30, 
Z30 to 5 JO, Sun and Thurs 9.30 
to 1.30 (ends September 27) 

Sir John Gilbert A Cavalier 
in Heart; Rye Art Gallery, 
Ockmans Lane. East St Tues to 
Sat I0J0 to 1 and 2.15 to 5, Sun 
2J0 to 5 (ends June 15) 
Watercolours by Christopher 
Hollick; Regent Centre, High St 
Christriiurdn Mon to Sat 10.30 
to 10pm. (ends April 26) 


Concert by the South Bank 
Conservatoire Orchestra; St 
Leonard's Parish Church, 
SWJ6, 7.30. 

Concert in aid of the NSPCC. 
music for voices and strings; St 
Paul's Church, Long Lane, N3. 

Recital of 16th and 17th 
Century music by the Tomkins 
Consort; Hampstead Parish 
Church. NW3, 7.30. 

Tomorrow’s events 

Royal engagements 
The Prince or Wales starts the 
1 986 London Marathon at 
Blackheath, SE3. 8.50. 


Viennese Charity Concert by 
the Mozart Orchestra and Clar- 
endon Choir Masonic Temple, 
Stirling Rd, Edgbaston, Bir- 
mingham, 7.45. 

Carols and readings for 
Eastertide by the Choir of Leeds 
Parish Church: Leeds Parish 
Church. 6.30. 

Concert by Scottish Chamber 
Orchestra: South Hill Park Arts 
Centre. BracbnelL Berkshire. 

Song recital by Ralph Mc- 
Donald and Paul Hancock (pi- 
ano): St Botolph's Church. 
Helpsttm, nr Peterborough. 8. 

Gardens open 

G w ww M: Powte Castle. Wetshpoot: one 
OJ the rrost i mp or ta nt at Bnttsti gardens: 
Wednesday to Sunday. Anri Mav. June 
and September: 

open every day; 12 to 6. 

Dunbauonatitre; Gternm. Rhu, off 

Helensburgh - Rhu toed (ASM): mainly 

woodland garden now being rsetoma Une 
shrubs and butes Party unM June SI: 
sunrise la sinaa. 

Devon: KnlgMshayes Court- Baiham. 
Tiverton. 2m n afThietton a& A396: afte at 
the finest gardens m Devon: butts, rare 
trees oMsifUn. ol merest at afl 
seasons: every day to end ol October; 11 
to 6. 


WanridubfrK Bm Close. Bteton Road. 
WelfisnJ-oivAvon. Sm W of Stratford-on- 
Avon. an A439; garden created aver past 
five years; large rock garden, bulbs, 
heflanxea. atones and flowe r in g shnibK 
ebo open May 11; 2.30 to 6.30. 
Norihanntonslfew: Sholatvook Lodge. 
WtWtleOury. 3m 5 of Towcester. oflA4ra 
5 acres Informal garden, bulbs, trees, 
shrubs: garden shop; 2 to 6 
Essex: Hyde HaB. Renendon, 7m SE ol 
Chelmsford: trees, shrubs, butts and 
iw>M«»vmi Diants: i to 7. 
CuttXpoi*. Utcombe. 8m SE Of 
Maidstone off A20 between Leeds Castn 
and Kametshem; wooded garden, m- 
terostbig trees and shrubs: waned garden. 

i Norfolk: Stow Bardolph. 2m N of 
Downturn Market on A1Q-. 20 acre old 
garden, shrubs, trees. Safes: 2 to 6 

In the garden 

It will be more important than 
usual (0 apply water to pa; 
the garden if the weather does 
relent and give us hot dry spdis. 
Many plants thathave been put 
in and seeds sown late wifi not 
have had much lime to develop 
a good root system. They wifi be 
grateful for regular drinks in hot 
dry spells. 

If you are thinking of install- 
ing a permanent watering sys- 
tem, a “ring main" for easy 
watering with fixed or portable 
sprinklers, seek advice from 
garden centres about the many 
ingenious fittings and sprinklers 
now available. 

Plant out hyacinths and daffo- 
dils that have finished flowering 
in pots or bowls indoors. 

Check on your stock of stakes, 
or other types of plant supports 
and string for tying. When 
growth reafiy starts, many plants 
will quickly need supporting. 

Loosen soil in beds and 
borders, especially round bulbs, 
and deal with weeds while they 
are sraalL 

Many lawns have moss in 
them. There are various 
mosskiUers available and these 
may be applied now. Broad 
leaved weeds like daisies and 
creeping weeds like buttercups 
and clover are best left until mid 
or late May when the weather is 
warmer and selective 
weedkillers are more 
effective. RH 


The Midlands: MS: Contraflow contin- 
ues between junctures 4 (&omsgrava> 
and 5 (Drortwicn). delays. Ml: Two lane 
contraflow N and S of junction 16 
(Northampton) near Bo ftersffxype sar- 
mess, delays. 

The North: M6l: Construction of new 
fink wnn MS at Walton Summit. Bacow 
Bridge, inside lane closures on both 
carriageways. M83: Road widening at 
Barton Bridge between junction 1 (M802) 
and function 2 (A57), Greater Manchester, 
dip road from M6Q2 S bound dosed. A7t 
Roadworks between Gretna Gem and 
TodhSIs Vrtage wWi contraflow. 

Wales ana the West IM: One tone only 
E bound on Severn Bridge 9 am to 3 pm 
(junctions 2i and 22). A* Sewer work on 
Bah Road. Bath, at junction wttfi King Rd. 
A55: Contraflow on ather sUe of 
BodetwyOdan bypass, between St Asaph 
and Abergele 

DraUage repaire on A90 
Oueensfeny Road af Junction wttfi 
Rarkgrowe St, Edinburgh, E bound traffic 

racftjced at one tan* and entry to 
Parfcgrave Si dosed, long delays. 
M74/A74: Various lane closures atom 


M74/A74: Various lane doswes akmg 
Glasgow to Carlisle road, new contraflow 
near Lockert>e. extreme care esssntW. 
AKb HgMarM^lQtMMaragton several 
sets r oa dworks, worst affected areas era 
m InvamesssWe and Dunbartonshire, 
notably Spean Bridge. Loch Locfrjr. 
Invormor is ton raid Drumnadrochtf. 
tafomiatkw suppled by the AA 

The pound 




Hong Kong 5 
ineuoa pi 
I taly lira 
Japan Yen 

Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
South Africa Rd 


Switzerland Fr 










I. 1S5 



II, 10 































Rates for gmafl denomination bank notes 
onty as supptad by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Difleranf rates apply to tra tellers' 
cheoues and other foreign currency 


Retd Price tnchoc 381.1 

London: The FThK&xctosaddowfl IS at 




Births; GftiUio Vargas, Presi- 
dent of Brazil; '1930-45, 1951- 
54, Sao Borja, 1883. 

Deaths: Lord . Byron. Miaso- 
longhL Greece, 1824; Buyurin 
Disraeli, Earl of Beaconsfi&d, 
Prime Minister, 1868, 1874-80, 
London, 1881. 


Births; Johann Aaricola, Lu- 
theran reformer, Eisleben, Ger- 
many, 1494; Napoieon HL 
Emperor ofthe French, 1852-70, 
Phm, 1808; Adolf Hitler, dic- 
tator of Germany, 1933-45, 
Braunau am Inn, Austria, 1889. 

Deaths: Canaletto, pointer, 
Venice, 1768. 




ters who nay have 
Vf of The Times this 
repeat below the 
t folio price changes 
: on page 34). 

WH Iter M M 

















































































































































































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, 1 44] 





+3 1 

Newsagent promotion 

3306 4191 5001 

5404 9118 15874 

23057 32219 33725 


To claim ring 0254-S8168I. 



Most places will. have 
sunny intervals daring the 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE, E, NE Enteend. East 
Angfla, Borders. EdUwpi, Otmtoe, 
Aberdeen, Central Wg bte ra te, Moray 
FUb, ME kcaMand: Sunnyjntervate and 
scattered show ers: wind SW fghtr max 
temp lie (52FL 

Central S» NW, central N Eng l a nd, 
Mfcten t te . C hen n ai teteade, LafceDtetrtcfc. 
Bright intervals and isolated showers: 
wind SW *gW or moderate; max wmp 12C 


fbst but rain 
wfnrf 5W Ejftt t 

temp 11C 

Wales, Me ol Mm, SW, 
i. Aigyfc Bright at 
Iran the vnatet; 
moderate; max 

Sunny internals and 

showers; wind fight 6r moderate 

SE: max temp 8CM6R. 

W I re la n d : Cfouoywfe .oooMioratf rata, 
daring tan wtedSW moderate or Iresh; 
max temp 11C (52F). 

OatlMk for tomorrow and Monday:. 
Rote than showers. TeiTneraiuBs near to. 
or a ffitta below normal wMi right frosts 

frtolue shy; bc-blue iky and dood: c- 
doudy: oovercasfc T-fog: d-drtazfc h- 
hafl: m-misl: rvrakx pane w? tn- 
moMeralnmu (Mtnowcn. 

Arrows me wind mneuan. wind 
meed (mph) circled. Temperature 

Lighting-up time 


London 838 pm to 5-25 am 
Bristol 8L43 pm la 535 am 
E d teb tBH h 837 pm to 526 am 
'Sr 8.47 pm to 539 am 
832 pm to 53U am 

1 835 pm to 5-23 am 
8^*5 pm to 633 am 
&S9 pm to 534 m> 
tr B.48 pm to 536 am 
83* pm to SM am 


Temperatures at midday yesterday: e. 
clout; f. far r, rate; s, sun. 

C F -C F 

r 337 Ohromray c 74 5 

f 8*8 hwaraeee e 843 

c 746 Jenny c 745 

r 6 43 London C _6.43 

CttdM ^ S 846 M'nctistor c 643 

Edinburgh f 745 W w mUrt r 438 
« 745 irnhteway t 643 

Colorado beetles 

are insisting they must hare 
the say OU rwarmtng : ftff 
them the dispute is about vrho 
runs the prisons. 

- The prison officers say they 
do not challenge the right of 
managers to manage. Bat the, 
safety af jails is befog put at 
risk, their members are befog 
pot in danger, and, because of 
financial restrictions, the life 
of the prisoner is more restrict- 
ed too. 

As one POA official put it 

for peopfeto^ara^ oh safety 
without negotiation. We ac- 
cept that after negotiation we 
are both free to act is we wish. 
Yon can’t reach a bona fide 
agreement via a consultative 
process whereas yon can via 

Botha to 
end pass 
law ban 
on blacks 

Contused from page 1 

were arrested, reflecting tfe' 
decreasing rigour with which 
the laws have been enforced. 

There are no accurate .fig- 
ures, but there may be no 
more than 6 million Macks at 
present with permits to, be 
permanently resident in urban 

Others can come in only as 
migrants, without their fam- 
ilies, on temporary work 

Removal of the -pass laws 
would not allow b lades to 
move into white suburbs, box 
only into' tire ghetto areas set 
aside for them on the fringss 
of^ “white” towns. 

Racial segregation of resi- 
dential areas mil continue to 
be enforced under the Group 
Areas Act ; :■ 

In his speech to Parifomexu, 
President Botha said the 
Group Areas Act was not “a 
holy cow” and conld be 
amended, but “foe retention 
of individual communities in 
particular -residential seas 
and the protection of their life- 
styles and cultures” had to be 

Mr: Botha committed bis 
Government to the abolitioa 
ofthe pass laws by July 1 when 
be opened Parliament at the 
end of January. Last Thursday 
he announced that a Whins 
Paper would be tabled next 
week setting out the main 
features of . the “QRtaiy 
urbanization” policy. . 

The full import of the 
derision will not be dear until 
the details of this new policy 
are known. There arc wide- 
spread fears that the Govern- 
ment could seek to maintain 
“influx connoT over Mack 
access to urban areas by other 

This could be done by 
making access dependent on 
the availability of a house or a 
job. Since the Government 
controls the provision of land 
for blade housing, outside the 
reserves, and many Macks arc 
unemployed orwithoitt regu- 
lar employment, such an ap- 
proach could be very restric- 
tive.. . . . 

One important doe to the 
Government's attitude will be 
its wflfagnesscn: otherwise to 
allow what is called “con- 
trolled squatting”. : ■ 

Guinness \ 
wins * 
battle for 


radioed to less than f30 
mason by tile profit the 
wifi mate when s 
seBs its Distifieis stake to 
Guinness. - " 

Ganraess s casts have been 
at more than £10# 
.axSZfoa, «f which the brewer V 
merchant hanker, Mormn 
GreofeS, wi» take about GO 
fees and cam- 

miss&ms.' ■ 

Mr RMerSedgtfMafu 

Grvaftft defended the lew! of 
.fees, saying the bank had 
taken a substantial risk with 
lb own money daring the 

.brave r face on his defeat, 
wishing Distillers “every fo. 
tore saccess* uder its new 

He said: “We are irader- 
stada% very disappointed 
that we mil not now htnjfc 
responsihility for the teng- 

Scsttish duspany, bm Ar- 
gyll’s judgement test aatanm 
that KriBkri needed a 
change of direction and new 
management ‘ his ben folly 

AreyHTs finance director, 
Mr David Webster, said be 
deeply regretted the cost of foe 
bid to Argyffs shareholders, 
but the company had always 
believed the opportunity justi- 
fied the risk. 

. Be said; “Wle. would have 
won Distillers bnt for 
Gainriess appearing oo the . 
horizon. When we entered this t 
battle, we betieved tike every- 
one else that Graaness would 
be bund from bidding ou 

“We stflT beDeve it was 
wrag of the Government to 
have allowed Guinness to 
wriggle oat ef a Monopolies 
CoMbate &reestoti«L H 
Mr Webster said ArgyiTS 
Sectors were big sharehold- 
ers m* Argyll and had been 
pa ttin g their money where 
there Moochs-ivere by makfog 
die Ki: 

Mr Ernest Satmders, chief 
executive of Guinness' said the 
City had judged Us company's 
management to be the most 
appropriate to exploit 
Dtstiflerc' international drinks A . 
brands. . . 

. Kenneth Fleet, page 21 

High Tides 


London BriOgc 





H ■ A 







AM Hr 
. &4 
114 90 
739 2J 
1^9 OS 
137 42 

7M. 4 9 
1Z37 43 
835 4,1 
733 3.4 
R57 42 

725 .53 
13S 64 
11.14 42 

72S - '73 
6J8 .. 13 
621 37 
2.10 43 

1.t0 53 
334 23 

1237 42. 

147" 13 
741 34 

730. ‘.44 
T30 3 £ 
2.13 6.8 

1231., M . 
732 3.1 

. Tidon 

. mi. w 
iai2 BJ3 
lOSB 32 
322 93 
BM' 23 
337 84 

139 43 
.Btt 52 
12S 33 
1020 3S 
623 33 
7 52 43 
257. 54 
"254 64 

1138 44 

027 7.1 
558 13 

348 37 
3,15 .43 
. 8.14 53 
347 39 

1.15 " 4.0 
347 12 

637 37 

823 49 

022 37 
334 68 

1223 -4.1 
821 3.1 

iffladon Brito* 11-16 
- ■ 10L58 


Cnffl - 3.49 

P— Otf patt . - 230 
harm 8.42 


Hofyfr— d 836 
UST . 351 
nracsmlra 323 
UMh. . 

UtfMpoal 631 
Im wloft 725 
MgW 987 

WBMHma 342 
HmwW ' 240 

Ob«1. .354 

Pmrancrt 144 
Portbud 342 

Ten . 1,17 

’ 920 

-HT- PM 

37 1145 
34 11.49 

36 433 
23 318 
92 438 
43 320 
52 9.06 
4.1 250 
4.1 1125 

38 346 

42 844 

5.7 425 
63 434 

- 1223 
73 827 
2JJ 731 
09 354 
5.3 421 
34 316 
31 433 

43 Z30 
1.4- 435 

37 935 

4.8 923 
37 fl-19 
72 4.15 
4.1 128 
34 942 















4.0 • 

43 . 

14 . 

42 ft 
53 .. 



422 an 
FuS moon April 24 _ 

6.03 pm 

124 pm 


&55 no . 825 pm 

449 m 
Ftrtl moon Aptfl 24 

245 pm 

Around Britam 

B 46 ahowans 
S 41 drfzate 
7 -45- roin 

. Sundnn Max 
. lira in- C F 
IMnHWnbv 13 26 7 45 

Tnter - 02 7 45 

CotwyaBmf - 39 t 43 

MaraEnte .- ' 7 45 

DoaWu , 27 ‘ 27/ 7 45 

LotKfrra 44 -04 it 52 

SnmAkpt 21 -06 10 60 

Blfrrtol fCJrt) m 27. 9 48 

GffdWfCtft - 12 84 9 48 

17 .11 7 45 

0.1 .18 6 43 
0.1 37 6 43 
, 12 22 9 48. 

IMHt-iyn* - 34 4 SB 

04 - 6 43 

1.9 26 4 39 
13 - 8 46 

28 22 » 48 
127 - 8 46 

11.1 - 7 45 

2.1 - 6 43 

82 - 7 45 

33 - 7 45 

TteM HO fhurateyli Bguws 






















Declare war oa the Colorado 
beetle and help save potato 
crops. The beetle, about three- 
eighihs of an inch long with 
black and yeflow stripes running 
from from lo bade, is easy to 

Keep a waieb for them on 
vegetables in the shops and on 

any home grown vegeaWes, Jf 
you do find a suspect Colorado 
beetle, put h into a matchbox 
and take ii to the nearest police 

MDQAYi e, ctoud; ct drintes I, W r. ig. fog; r, rate; c, * un; sn. anourJt teunder. 


5 41 

Ateccte s 
Mutrtiri . a 

- ■ taF WrtdOfl POM CPtIiu' 

ersi Limned or i vtrafriia Gtrart. 
London E19XN. Saturday, Aytii IV. 

« a n™ - 

C F 
*'16 61 

f 20 88. Starts 1 
_ dr 14 57 S _ 

C- I 23 73 

S 24 7S V _ „ _ 

,w i!ias£ ji 

r 13 

* X 

c 18 
a 14 
e. 18 

* a 

Chicago" s 

CRttenh* t 

c 26 79 HI 

t 15 59 MVarit* 
s 15 58 Mm 
« 33 91 Qate 

f 13 55 Prana 
r 5 41 

t 7 45 flttodSn 
5 17 63 Rhr*li 
8 48 ftiodeJ 

. 6 43 Stnartrtg 

e T7 63 Tramritf* 
s 34 S3 Tanarite 
- r 8 48 Tokyo 
a 18 64 Tatomof 
f 5 *1 Ton 
c 7 46 Valencia 

f 20 68 vsncrar* 
s 27 81 Vonfca 
r 9 48 Wanna* 

1 6 43 Warmr 
S 22 72 Wastitoo* 
a 32 90 
fl 23 73 

- denotes Thursday's figures ora latest Ovafebta 

I 10 

S 24 

c 13 
t 27 
dr 17 
C 18 
a 16 
f 20 
« 18 
r 10 
f 14 
s 15 
f 17 
r 9 
s 18 
* 4 

F ' 



64 , 



68 . 





55 . 





68 dk- 

50 - 



63 . 



_ ■* v 



■* ‘£i 



-■' i* 
‘ - 

■:c:: . 






•* *»a.X> 

r i . ^ ■ 


FT 30 Share. 

1403.1 (+1.9) 

FT-SE 100 

1680.2 (-0.7) 

a D ( ^ am) 


US Dollar 
1.5140 (-0.0080) 
W German mark 
3.3568 (-0.0312) 

76.2 (-0.6) 

cut sends base 
rates to 15-month low 

By David Smith. Economics Correspondent 
a new round: of smaller “irancheites*’ and so cent but, in common with ihe 
"* y«terday.. the announcemem is a sjgnifi- 


reducing ixs base ratefrora n 
V> 10.5 per cent, the lowest 
rate since January Iasi year. 
The move was soon endorsed 
by the Bank of England and 
followed, by the other clearing 

Two firsts 
for Lazard 

Lazard Bros, the merchant 
bank, has scored two firsts 
with its funding arrangements 
for Dee Corporation's $414 
million {£272 million) acquisi- 
tion of Herman’s Sporting 
Goods in the US. The £330 
million vendor placing of 125 
million shares, completed yes- 
terday, was the largest yet seen 
in Britain, ft was also the first 

vendor placing to finatyy a 
offer ix 

tender offer in the US for a 
public company. 

Berry chief 
stands down 

Mr Stamp Brooksbank, who 
resigned as chair man of the 
troubled United Kingdom. 
Provident Institution life 
group 11 days ago, has also 
vacated the chair of the Berry 
Trust, in which UKP1 has. a 
slake. He will continue as a 
director at the board’s request. 
Mr Dennis Nicholson suc- 
ceeds him as Berry's 

Hoare in talks 

Hoare Go vert , the stock- 
broker, is discussing a merger 
of its£500million institution- 
al fund manag e ment business 
with Thornton Management 

Kwik jumps 

Kwik Save Group's sales 
jumped 14 per cent to £383 
million during the six months 
to March 1. Pretax profits rose 
21 -per. cent' to £1&6 nuHkra, 
giving earnings per share of I 
7.64p. ' • 

. Tempos, page 231 

CGA offer 

Frederick’s Place Group 
yesterday posted its formal 
offer document for the Coun- 
try Gentlemen's Association. 
It includes a new valuation by 
Cazenove, the stockbroker, of 
85p for each FPG share. . 

Tempos, page 23 

Bache victory 

Bache Group, the American 
financial ’ services conglomer- 
ate, has succeeded in its agreed 
bid for Give Discount. The 
offer of 50p a share has been 
declared unconditional- 

Bid approach 

Ashdown Investment Trust 
has received an approach 
which may lead to a bid for it 

Deal cleared 

Bond Corporation 
Holdings' acquisition of 
Thorn EMI Screen Entertain- 
ment is not to be referred to 
the Monopolies Commission. 

£50m issue 

London & Scottish Marine 
Oil (Usiuo) is to issue a £50 
million. 10% per cent Euro- 
bond, due in 1993, at 100% 
per cent, through a syndicate. 

DM reserves 

West Germany’s net curren- 

cy reserves fe D by DM7.4 
billion to DM59 billion (£17 

billion) in March. 

Barclays move came soon 
after the announcement of a 
sharp fall in Britain's inflation 
rate to 4.2 per cent last month. 
It was in line with Bank of 
England wishes, expressed 
through its money market 
tactics on Thursday, to ensure 
a cautious downward path for 
interest rates. 

Tbe Bank of England later 
announced an fSuO million 
issue of king-dated govern- 
ment stock. Treasury 8 per 
cent 2009, with a minimum 
tender price of £96 and a yield 
of 8.39 per cent. 

The Bank has tended to 
issue long-dated stock in 

cant one. 

The stock will be issued, by 
tender, on Wednesday, with 
the first 25 per cent payable on 
application, flic next 25 per 
cent on June 9 and the balance 
on July 14. 

Gilt-edged prices were gen- 
erally firm yesterday, helped 
by the base rate reductions, 
rising by a quarter to half a 
point. The pound lost ground, 
falling by three-quarters of a 
cent to $1.5142, and by 2 
pfennigs to DM3.3662 against 
the mark. 

The stertrag ; index fell by 0.6 

points to 76.2. Dealers said 
that the pound's fall was due 
more to profit-taking and the 
regular Friday rumour of im- 
pending entry into the Euro- 
pean Monetary System rather 
than the base rate cuts. 

Barclays cut its net deposit 
rate by half a point to 4.75 per 

other banks, left its mortgage 
rate unchanged. The banks are 
likely to await the building 
societies' response on home 
loan rates. 

Yesterday, the major societ- 
ies were indicating that they 
would decide next week on a 
mongage rale cut of np to a 

Money market interest 
rates, which initially fumed 
on the base rate announce- 
ments, ended the day at a level 
still consistent with a further 
half point reduction in rates. 

The three-month interbank 
rate dosed the day at I0’i« - 
9 ,5 ib per cent, broadly consis- 
tent with a base rate of 10 per 

The interest rate on the 
weekly Treasury bill tender 
fell to 9.6031 per cent yester- 
day, from 9.8249 per cent the 
previous Friday. 

The latest round of base 

rate cuts in Britain follows 
reductions m interest rates in 
both France and Sweden this 
week, and comes amid wide- 
spread expectations of early 
reductions in the official dis- 
count rates in both Japan and 
the United Slates. 

The Japanese finance min- 
ister. Mr Noboru Takeshi ta 
said yesterday that Japan 
would match any reduction in 
the US discount rate, but the 
strength of the yen, which 
yesterday rose to 174.10 
against the dollar from 175.5. 
may force to Japanese to act 

The LIS Federal Reserve 
Board is expected to announce 
a cut in the discount rate from 
the current 7 per cent level in 
spite of belter than expected 
first quarter growth figures for 
the US economy, released on 
Thursday, which showed 5.2 
per cent annualized growth in 
the first quarter. 

Rate of inflation drops to 
lowest since June 1983 

By Our Economics 

The rate of inflation feS to 
42 per cent last month, from 
5.1 per cent in February, and 
Department of Employment 
officials expect the April rate 
to be lower still, probably 
around 3.2 per cent. 

The inflation rate could then 
drop below 3 per cent in May. 
James CapeL the stockbroker, 
said last night that the rate 
could fall to 2.7 per cent in 
May tf a further reduction in 
mortgage rate of 0.75 percent- 
age points comes through. 

The bonding societies indi- 
cated yesterday that such a 
reduction is likely, after the 
half-point cat in base rates to 
10.5 per cent; hot did not 
commit themselves on tuning. 

The index of retail prices 
rose to 381.6 (January 1974 = 
100) last month, front 38L1 in 
February,* rise on the month’ 
of -0.1 percent InMarchlast 
year, the index^ rose by 1 per 
cent Whence the! 0-? point 
rwJ .^tftm in the rate of infla- 
tion to 4-2 per cent the lowest 
since June 1983. p . 

BmmeOaptal Empfctynwit 

There were price rises last 
month for fresh vegetables, np 
by 3.7 per cent, wtm carrots np 
by 5p a lb and cauliflower by 
7p. The price of home-killed 
lamb rose by 4 per cent 
Clothing and footwear 
prices increased by 1 per cent 
reflecting the end of winter 
sales, and cigarette and tobac- 
co prices rose 0.6 per cent 
However, petrol fell by 8.5p 
a gallon, to a national average 
for four star of 176Ap. This 
was the sharpest monthly fall 
so for recorded, after drops of 
5p a. gallon hi "both January 
and February. 

The data for the compilation 
of the March index of retail 
prices was -collected a week 
before the Bndgpt Bat indica- 
tions are that the Budget rise 

in petrol prices of 7.5p a gallon 
has already been wiped out 
and a net fell in the price is 
expected for April. 

In addition, tire reduction in 
the mortgage rate of 0.75 
points which took effect on 
April 1 will reduce the index 
by 03 per cent Higher ciga- 
rette prices will add 03 per 
cent to the RP1 in April, while 
the effect on net mortgage 
payments of the reduction in 
the basic rate of income tax 
will add 0.1 per cent 

Other price increases in- 
dude local authority rates, 
adding 03 per cent to the RPL 
rents 0.15 per cent, electricity 
0.15 per cent and prescription 
charges 0.01 per cent. 

The net effect of these price 
increases and falls will be to 
produce an mcrease in the RP1 
for April of around 1 per emit, 
compared with a 2.1 rise in 
April last year, so the rate of 
inflation will come down 
sharply again. 

Britain's inflation rate last 
month, of 42 Tier cent, was 
below the latest EEC average, 
for February, of 43 per cent 





By. Jndith Huntley 
Moat Houses 
on the acquisition trail. 
The company has bought a 
further 20 per cent stake in the 
Harrogate International Hold 
bringing its hokfing to 49.9 per 
cent at a total cost of £2 

milli on. 

Queens Moat may buy the 
rest of the company in March 
] 989 at a cost of between £3.9 
million and £42 minion. HIH 
owns the 214-bedroom hotel 
attached to the Harrogate 
Conference Centre.. The hotel 
will be re-named the Moat 
House International. 

Queens Moat's purchase of 
Chardon Hotels brings it two 
freehold hotels in Glasgow, 
taking its total to 70 hotels 
with 6,120 rooms. Another 
three hotels with 280 bed- 
rooms are under construction. 

The Chardon Hotels pur- 
chase is being made for i2.8 
million in a cash-and-shares 
offer which involves the issue 
of 787,401 shares at 76.2p 

UK Land has sold 1 1 
freehold properties for £1.49 
million at auction. The prop- 
erties were valued in January 
at £1.24 million. 



main price changes 

Now York 

KwjSm J 859.00 {+&A7} 


Nikkei Dow — 15758.61 (+271.77) 


Amsterdam: Gen 272J0 (-1.0 

Sychev: AO 1219.0 ( +2 -2J 

Commerzbank 2255J} (-22J)) 

85SL 586$W3M5I 


Blue Circle 6?6p(+16p) 

Hawker Siddeley BT9p l+top) 

Seecham — — 423p (+1W 

ICJ . ■ 967p (+8p) 

Defers — -rasp Up 

Wadkin 305p (+22p) 

T Cowrie IBIp (+9p) 

Greene King 225p (+13p) 

gusa - iigop(440p) 

Harris Queensway — -290P (+fP) 
Next (+14pj 

Paris: CAC — 3735 (+43) 


SKA General 524.70 (same) 


Pearson 478p (+I3pj 

Ropoer i«P 1 + Ia3 

Hambros SSrfSS 

Samuel Properties •— 24£ +26pj 

international City 213p (+I3p) 

CsWe&WMess — 738p(+33p) 

Lonrtra ... 

Pape Group 133pf+1ipj 


Southend Stadium — ta4p(+0p) 


Glaxo.-.. 1070pM5p| 

Argyll 335p(-23p) 


SGB Group . — 350p(-14p). 



Bank Bass: 10%% 

3-month Werbahk 

3-month '9'' 

guying rate 

Prime Rate 9.00% _ 

Federal Funds 8 ®'b% 

3-montn Treasure Bib &ei-5.80% 
30-year bonds las 11 *-®-** 



London: New Voric 

£S£& igras, 

t $wFr2-0l3O jfe IWttlC 116J) 

£ SSSs.*® ECU £0636867 

IKSStU SOBE0.764S98 

London Fudag: _ • 



cSSftX 5344.70-345^0 

Hanson wins Imperial 
with 64% acceptances 

acceptances, Hanson Trust 
yesterday declared itself the 
winner in the £2.6 billion 
battle for Imperial Group. The 
offer is now unconditional. 

By Alison Eadie 

After receiving 64 per cent interest on Hanson's convert- 
ible stock. 

Hanson Trust shares closed 
at 168p, valuing its offer at 
346p a share, against a dosing 
price for Imperial of 329p. A 
week ago Hanson shares were 
184p and Imperial shares were 
briefly at 363p. 

Imperial, the tobacco, foods 
and brewing group, recom- 
mended the Hanson bid to 
shareholders after the pre- 
ferred UB bid foiled. UB 
placed its 14.9 per cent stake 
in Imperial on the market at 
338p a share last Monday. 

The acquisition of Imperial 
makes Hanson Trust one of 
Britain's biggest companies 

Despite the withdrawal 
from the fray of United Bis- 
cuits, the rival bidder, a week 
ago — making Hanson's vic- 
tory ahnon certain — institu- 
tions left it until the last 
minute to accept the Hanson 

If they had accepted as soon 
as UB conceded defeat, allow- 
ing Hanson to go uncondition- 
al last Monday, they would 
have gained an extra week's 

Bid talk lifts Samuel 

By Jndith Hmidey, Commercial Property Correspondent 

Samuel Properties has con- 
firmed that it has received a 
takeover bid approach, a 
move which sent its shares 
soaring to 243p, up 26p, last 

company says the ap- 
proach is frienc" ’ - ’* 

endly but it will 
not reveal the name of its 
prospective purchaser. There 

was speculation in the market 
that the bidder might be 
Rosehaugh, the property com- 
pany which is developing a 
large office scheme at 

London's Liverpool Street sta- 
tion. Samuel denies this. 

The jewel in Samuel’s 
crown is its 7.25-acre site on 
the south side of the Thames 
which it hopes to develop with 
600 homes. 

Riverside houses are at a 
premium in the capital The 
site is the subject of a planning 
appeal at the moment but if 
developed it would bring the 
company a healthy profit. 

Samuel has just bought a 
£53 million property portfolio 

Opec feels 
unable to 
halt slump 

From David Young, Geneva 

The Organization of Petro- 
leum Exporting Countries ap- 
pears to have decided that it 
can do liule to hall the slump 
in world oil prices until au- 
tumn and winter restocking by 
the Western industrialized na- 
tions resumes. 

It is also likely to abandon 
efforts to establish a new 
quota output system until its 
scheduled meeting in Yugosla- 
via in June. 

The 13 oil ministers from 
member countries have decid- 
ed to remain in session in 
Geneva over the weekend 
while their advisers agree on 
detailed projections of market 
demand in the last 
twoquarters of this year. 

However, at least two min- 
isters, Mr Belkacem Nabi of 
Algeria and Mr Etienne 
Tchioba of Gabon, both said 
yeterday that they may leave 
the meeting today. Dr Mana 
Saeed Otaiba of the United 
Arab Emirates also voiced 
doubts about ihe value of 
remaining in session 
Mr Nabi said: “I feel that 
the meeting will end with no 
agreement being reached." 

Mr Tchioba said: "I see no 
point in being in a meeting for 
a week with no agreement in 
sight AH member nations 
accept that oil price needs to 
rise and all accept that produc- 
tion cuts are necessary, but no 
country is prepared to say 
what size of a cut it needs." 

Most ministers now accept 
that a quota of 14 million 
barrels a day would provide 
the best chance of their being 
able to influence the world oil 
markets and send the price 
hack upwards. 

BCA stake in 
Attwoods sold 

The British Car Auction 
Group has sold its 32.5 per 
cent stake in Attwoods, the 
quarry and waste disposal 
group, for £19.6 million. 

Hawley Leisure has bought 
12.75 million shares or 29.9 
per cent and Mr Michael 
Ashcroft, the Hawley chair- 
man, will take a non-executive 
seat on the Attwoods board. 

Mr Ken Foreman, the chief] 
executive, will take on the role 
of chairman in place of Mr 
David Wicfcens, the chairman 
of BCA Mr Denis Thatcher, 
the Prime Minister's husband, 
will remain as deputy chair- 
man of Attwoods. 

BCA recently sold its stake 
in Henlys Group (formerly 
Midsepa International) to 
Hawley Leisure for £9.6 mil- 

‘Pivotal’ year for the world 
economy, says Baldrige 

This year will be pivotal for 
the world economy, Mr Mal- 
colm Baldrige, the US Com- 
merce Secretary, said at a 
meeting of the ministerial 
council of the Organization 
for Economic Co-operation 
and Development 
Faster growth in the indus- 
trialized world and a drop in 
long-term interest rates will, 
be believes, give developing 
countries the exports they 
need to meet debt repayments 
and counter rising 

But structural reforms are 
vital for sustained growth 
both in Europe and Japan and 
in the Third World to stimu- 
late enterprise and reduce 
unemployment. Mr Baldrige 
said:** All European leaders 
with whom 1 have spoken 
agree that Europe's unemploy- 
ment problems arise from 
high labour costs, rigid regula- 
tions and- barriers to 

From Richard Owen, Paris 

Moreover, differences be- 
tween the US and Western 
Europe over trade, agricultur- 
al exports and fiscal policy are 
being exacerbated by political 
tensions over Libya and ter- 

On the second aod final day 
yesterday, there were disagree- 
ments over the formulation of 
several key points in the 
communique. These included 
agriculture, which is the sub- 
ject of a threatened US-EEC 
trade war, following EEC ac- 
cession arrangements for 
Spain and Portugal, which 
Washington says discriminate 
against the US. 

But OECD officials insist 
that the rhetoric is worse than 
the reality and that the atmo- 
sphere remains amicable. Eu- 
rope and America have a 
common aim, officials say — 
the stimulation of growth in 
the favourable atmosphere 
created by the fall in the dollar 
and in oil prices. 

Yesterday, Mr Clayton 
Yeutter. the US Trade Repre- 
sentative, held talks with Mr 
Willy de Gercq, the EEC 
Commissioner for External 
Relations, on the worsening 
trade dispute. Further, high- 
level US-EEC talks, involving 
Mr Richard Lyng, the US 
.Agriculture Secretary, will be 
held in Paris today. 

M Jacques Detors, Presi- 
dent of the EEC Commission, 
said the Americans were 
"holding a knife to the throat 
of the Europeans." But Mr 
Baldrige stressed that this 
week's EEC-US meetings were 
not the last chance to defuse 
the trade row. 

Apart from the problem of] 
EEC enlargement differences 1 
centre on American demands 
for the dismantling of “struc- 
tural rigidities" in Europe, 
such as oveiproteciivc labour 
taws and high marginal tax 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

End of the Distillers 

After Guinness's success in win- 
ning control of Distillers, finally 
confirmed yesterday when institu- 
tional shareholders turned their 
backs on the rival Argyll, things will 
not be the same as before. In the 
conduct of contested takeover bids, 
tendentious and often grossly 
misleading advertisements — a finan- 
cial delight for advertising agencies 
and newspapers alike — will not be 
permitted. To the same end, ways are 
being sought to curb the over-zealous, 
undercover activities of public rela- 
tions “advisers’ in their quest for 
editorial coverage favourable to their 
clients. In the Guinness-Argyll shoot- 
out." financial'' public relations 
reached high noon. Thirdly, changes 
in monopolies and mergers policy, 
notably as they afect the Office of 
Fair Trading, have been accelerated. 
Sir Gordon Borne, the Director 
General of Fair Trading, has seen the 
light which will guide him, and the 
Department of Trade and Industry, 
to more pragmatic methods of ensur- 
ing competition when it appears to be 

sell Distillers’ handsome collection of 
surplus properties and the like. But in 
the second phase, the synergy has to 
operate. Guinness has the size, the 
international marketing experience 
and Bell's, all of which are advantages 
Argyll lacks. The objective is to make 
Guinnes-Distillers into one of the 
five great beverage companies in the 
world- they is no room fore more. To 
that end' the transformation of 
Distillers from a production led 
company into a marketing led com- 
pany will begin on Monday. 

Gulliver’s travails 

Radical change will of course be 
more immediately apparent at 
Distillers itself. The Distillers board 
effectively signed away its existence 
when it embraced the Guinness bid 
and agreed to meet Guinness's costs. 
Probably of the executive directors 
only David Connell will survive, with 
William Spengler and Sir Nigel 
Broackes. a laie-comer untarnished 
by Distillers’ past, alone of the non- 
executives likely to continue. The 
days of the stifling confederacy which 
Distillers had become are over. 

For Jimmy Gulliver and .Argyll 
Group, defeat is serious. In the 
market yesterday there was talk of a 
near catastrophe and as a result the 
shares took a big knock, falling from 
35Sp to 335p. Had Samuel Montagu 
and Charterhouse Japhet, acting in 
concert with .Argyll, not bought 
Argyll shares in recent days, the price 
would probably have fallen even 
lower by now. Between them they 
have accumulated almost 5 per cent 
of Argyll's shares. 

Guinness, and in particular Ernest 
Saunders who in four years has 
revived its fortunes and made 
Guinness a credible choice as the 
company more likely to resuscitate 
Distillers, should lose no time in 
getting down to basics. Changing the 
hierarchy, the structure and the board 
are not likely to be difficult. The real 
challenge in the first months will be 
to provide the kind of positive 
leadership that will restore con- 
fidence in the ranks of a totally 
dispirited group. The process will not 
be without pain, since it involves not 
merely changing personnel but 
implanting an entirely new culture. 

Guinness won the day against 
Argyll essentially because it per- 
suaded most shareholders that it had 
the knowledge and ability to manage 
Distillers’ main assets which are its 
internationally established brands of 
Scotch and gin. Mr. Saunders’s 
combination of marketing flair and 
financial management are about to be 
put to their most severe test. In the 
short term he will be expected to do 
all the things James Gulliver would 
have done had Argyll prevailed: cut 
costs, dispose of major shareholders 
in BP and Royal Bank of Scotland, 

The market has two main worries: 
senior management has been pre- 
occupied by the bid for at least six 
months, possibly at the expense of 
the existing business; and the bill for 
the bid which is frighteningly large. 
Even though Argyll stands to make a 
profit on its 14.4 per cent 
shareholding in Distillers, which it 
bought at an average price of 483p 
compared with yesterday's price in 
the market of 688p, its net costs will 
amount to between £25 million and 
£30 million, or nearly half this year's 
pretax profits. The costs will be 
charged below the line as an extraor- 
dinary item. 

For its part, Argyll maintains that 
at the sharp end it has been business 
as usuaL Since the bid for Distillers 
was launched on December 2 Argyll 
has opened 10 Presto stores, though 
that is three less than the company 
planned. Argyll also claims to have 
kept up progress in existing stores. 

Profits are expected to rise from 
£64 million for the year just ended, as 
forecast during the bid, to £76 million 
in the 12 months to March 1987. On 
that basis the shares are trading on 
just 13 times earnings, which repre- 
sents a 37 per cent discount to 
Sainsbury’s current rating. Tradition- 
ally the discount has been 20 per cent. 
Whether Argyll's rating will recover 
to its former level — arithmetically 
that would indicate a share price of 
400p — is the critical question. 

Jimmy Gulliver is a resilient as 
well as a resourceful character but a 
defeat of the magnitude inflicted on 
him by Guinness will leave a lasting 

Our fund 

plus the best 
of the rest. 

The newly formed Oppenhcimer Unit 
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to those investors with £10-000 or more who 
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trusts invested around the world. The advantages 
of thiff service for professional advisers inelude:- 

Acrn i: a\d i.xrouw v.t xa<;f.m:\ r 

bv the team which in 0185 produced “excellent 
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M //MATH T ELI. IGF. \ CE : it s our business 
to know our competitors and we will use this 
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groups to make up at least half of the portfolio. 


with ihe ability to go LotaJh inio cash - currently 
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Q\E POl\T OF CQXTACT providing sim- 
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To find out how the Oppenheimer Unit 
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you and your clients call Graham 
Hunter on 01-236 2558/2550/2550. 

Or writ*- to him at 66 Cannon Street. 

London EC. 4. 

a "lemhei c^fvjny of (fie Meic<miite House Oraup 


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TEMPUS ) ^ 1IM " ■ - - 

Kwik Save formula Cheaper money bolsters sharers 

TLa kolf-Hoixl mit in 1mm rr. . , Af«_ ft f 1 ... <n I lOn An (tin nut nn Sfl ffl 251lL bdnEll bv lfSt VhOSC directors 9 

converts market 

The half-point cut in base beck 60p to l,055p after a 

tor Kir thi* Kio fniir nrartno f- -- 

The stock market is gradually 
overcoming its tendency to 
look down its nose at what it 
re g ards as the downmarket 
image of the Kwik Save 
Discount Group, which sells 
branded food lines mainly to 
the CZ D and £ socio- 
economic groups in tbe West 
and North of England and 

Its stock market rating is 
still at a small discount to the 
premium multiples accorded 
the lop food retailers, but the 
gap is narrowing all the time. 

Kwik Save's successful for- 
mula has enabled it to show 
an unbroken record of aver- 
age annual pretax profits 
growth of 24 per cent over the 
past 10 years. 

Its interim results for the 
six months to March l. 
announced yesterday, show a 
continuation of the trend. 
Turnover was up 13.8 per 
cent to £383 million, and 
pretax profits up 21 per cent 
to £18.6 million. 

Only 2.3 per cent of the 
increase in turnover was 
attributable to inflation. 
More than half of the im- 
provement in turnover — 7,8 
percentage points — came 
from stores opened in the last 
12 months. 

The group has been in- 
creasing its selling space by 
an annual average of 10 per 
cent, and recorded another 6 
per cent increase in the first 
half just reported. 

Adding 17 Kwik Save 
stores and 18 Arctic freezer 
centres, it has 437 Kwik Save 
stores (which still account for 
well over 90 per cent of 
profits) and 38 freezer 

It has also opened 16 wine 
and spirits units, giving it a 
total of 94, and it is introduc- 
ing the trading name. Best of 
Cellars, for these stores. 

Kwik Save's rate of wage 
inflation is around 6 per cent, 
still higher than its food price 
inflation. But gross margins 
improved for two main rea- 
sons: the product range has 
been subtly altered to include 
more higher margin lines. 

Perhaps more importantly, 
Kwik Save is the last retailer 
of any size to sell only 
branded goods. It is thus 
being wooed more assiduous- 
ly than ever by tbe branded 

52 weeks. Despite this, an 
improvement in pretax prof- 
its of around 17 per cent to 
£42 million looks likely, 
putting the shares on a 16 
times multiple. Cash .bal- 
ances are still increasing, and 
are likely to exceed £30 
million by the year end. 

Recent performance has 
made it unlikely that the 
shares wifi do much in the 
shon term, but the group 
remains a sound long-term 



The contested bid by Coloroll 
for Staffordshire Potteries has 
thrown up a new version of 
the disenfranchised share- 
holder caught up in a take- 

Since the 1981 rights issue, 
Staffordshire has had an un- 
usually large number of pref- 
erence shares which on 
conversion would account for 
about 41 per cent of the 
enlarged equity. At this stage, 
however, they do not carry 

The institutions which 
stumped up lOOp per share at 
a time when Staffordshire 
was making losses and not 
paying dividends have been 
quickly won over by a 333.3p 
cash offer for these rarely 
traded preference shares. 
Within hours of the increased 
and final £14 million offer, 
Coloroll had acquired or 
received acceptances for 42 
per cent of the preference 

But it is the ordinary shares 
which will decide the bid. 
Coloroll already speaks for 20 
per cent of the ordinary 
equity, including the 8.7 per 
cent it owned before the bid. 
But the Staffordshire board 
owns 20 per cent and a 
further 30 per cent is owned 
by small shareholders who 
may want to hold out for the 
company's further recovery. 

It is, therefore, possible 
that Coloroll will fail to win 
more than 50 per cent of the 
ordinary shares, while ob- 
taining a high level of accep- 
tances for its preference offer 
which is not conditional 

But if the ordinary offer 
foils, Coloroll would be pro- 
hibited by the Takeover Code 

rrrrkTTn kTh nrr 

I'-sCi t K 1 1 -cm Vi ' * ' S 1 1 

ber 1987 - 19 months from 
the offer's dosing dale — that 
the company would be free to 

For more than a year, 
Coloroll could potentially 
speak for more than 50 per 
cent of the enlarged share 
capita] but have no control 

Preference shareholders ac- 
cepting the final offer thus 
have no immediate say in the 
outcome of the bid, although 
the forecast Staffordshire div- 
idend means that, on income 
grounds, the preference 
shares would otherwise have 
been converted at the No- 
vember 1986 conversion date 
and would have been 



A very ungentlemanly 
chase for the Counity 
Gentlemen's Association is 
under way. CGA is recom- 
mending a bid from Fred- 
erick's Place Group, which 
was formally launched yester- 
day, but Bestwood, the rival 
suitor, says its bid is as 

Both companies have 
made share offers and the 
main dispute is their value. 
FPG is an unquoted compa- 
ny whose shares are traded on 
the grey market. The latest 
deals were at lOOp but its cash 
offer is underwritten at 70p. 
Cazenove, the stockbroker, 
has, however, come up with a 
valuation that splits the dif- 
ference. At 85p, FPG's 25- 
for-2 share offer values CGA 
shares at £10.62. The cash 
offer is 875p. 

Bestwood does have listed 
shares, but CGA has ques- 
tioned their value, saying the 
company has provided a cash 
alternative for half its offer. 
Its all-share offer values CGA 
shares at 926p with Bestwood 
trading at 463p. The part 
paper, part cash offer is worth 

CGA shareholders' main 
concern is not capital gain but 
use of the association's insur- 
ance broking, book-keeping 
and tax advisory services. Mr 
Stuart Goldsmith, FPG's 
chief executive, aims to build 
a group providing financial 
services to private clients. 

The vision may be attrac- 
tive but shareholders should 
sell in the market Yesterday, 

|*1 1 K l I 

margins can only benefit would take itsequitable stake 910p, 35p more than FPG's 
The accounting year last to above 30 per cent or to cash offer. There can be no 
time covered 53 weeks, but gain control of the company, argument over the value of 
this year's figures will be for It would not be until Novem- cash. 

rates by the big four clearing 
banks, coupled with news that 
inflation fell to 4.2 per cent 
last month, helped to sustain a 
stock market which had been 
showing signs of fl agging. 

The FT 30-share index 
edged forward by 1.9 points to 
1,403.1, while the FT-SE 200 
rose by just 0.7 to 1,680.2. 

Gilts managed to reverse 
initial foils of a quarter before 
the Treasury announced a 
new, £800 million lender tap 
just after the official close. 
Most dealers are still looking 
for another modest reduction 
in base rates next week. 

Leading industrials ended 
mixed, with most of the 
activity confined to Distillers 
as Guinness won control and 
Argyll conceded defeat. Dfcs- 
tfllere closed 5p firmer at 
6S8p, having fallen to 653p in 
early trading. 

Guinness lost 13p to 323p 
and Argyll 23p to 335p. 
Elsewhere in drinks, Greene, 
King, a long-favoured bid 
candidate, rose 1 lp to 223p. 

Among blue chips, Bee- 
c hare continued to attract 
persistent speculative support, 
up lOp to 423p. 

In contrast, Glaxo gave 




By Judith Huntley 

Stockley, the property oom- 
y, is following m the 

hi l k fMre^ v ii ‘ i 

London Properties and MEPC 
by raising a £100 million 
tender panel loan facility from 
a group of banks. 

Morgan Grenfell & Co. the 
merchant bank, has arranged 
the loan which is at 0.30 per 
cent above the London inter- 
bank offered rate. The loan is 
unsecured but guaranteed by 
Stockley investment subsid- 
iaries with £75 million backed 
by a five-year standing facility. 

Mr Elliott Bernerd, a direc- 
tor of Stockley, which is 
engaged in talks with Stock 
Conversion over the future of 
its 26.5 per cent stake in the 
old company, said last night 
“Corporately this is an impor- 
tant move for us. 

Talks between the two prop- 
erty companies over resolving 
the stalemate between them 
are believed to be coming to a 
head and ate progressing in 
what Stockley calls a construc- 
tive manner. 

profits downgrading from 
Merrill Lynch. Hawker con- 
tinued to benefit from its 
results, up lOp to 619p, while 
IQ, with first-quarter figures 
next Thursday, unproved a 
further 8p to 967p. 

In electricals, Plessey 
gained 6p to 234p on hopes of 
some lucrative contracts. 
Trustbovse Forte climbed 9p 
to 189p on revived takeover 

Stores were cheered by the 
prospect of another mortgage 
cut. Gas “A” advanced 40p to 
UOOp after comment, with 
Harris Qwensway 8p better 
to 290p on suggestions of a 
possible shops deal with Gus. 

British Car Anction was 

marked up 6p to 138p on the put on 8p to 251p, hdped by 
sale of the 32 j 5 per cent stake Comet 
inAttwoodswmwky,6pup H Samuel A improved 8p 
at 138p. to 86p, stimulated by 

Attwoeds receded 6p to Thursday’s spanning proms 
159p. but elsewhere in distrib- from Rainers. Pearao* was 
utore, T Cowfe ctimbed 9p to sustained by an encouraging 
I8lp ahead of the sale of the magazine article, up I3p to 
finance division later this 47 op, 
year. 5GB Greap in receipt of In merchant banks, ^ the 

a bid from J Mowtem (8p 
lower at 384p) fell 14p to 350p 
as tbe previous bidder, BET, 
sold its stake. 

Engineers recorded many 
sharp gains, with stock short- 
age a factor. Wadkin, repent- 
ing later this month, was 
hoisted 22p to 305p. Amari at 
I65p, up 8p and Neepsenf 
38p, up 5p, were others to 
attract support, while Valor 



Abbott M V p80p) 


Cranswk* M (95p) 
Diatom (128p) 
Ferguson (J) (KM 

GonGm Trot (IBS 

GrsnytQ Surface (5 
inooo (55 p) 

JS Pamoogy (160f 
Jarvis Porter (lOSp 

208 +2 
80 +5 
IBS -5 
285 +2 

KJearfoW (IIBp) 

Lm m iiaops 

Lexicon (11 Bp) 
Macro 4 (loSpJ 
Mortals M (1f5p> 
Norank Sya <90p) 
Really Useful (330p) 

sac km (loop) - 

SPP (125p) 
Templeton (2l5p) 
Stgmex fillip) 
Snowdon & B (97p) 


• 113 +a 


151 -1 
207 +3 

strong rumours of a bid from 
Lonrfao or BAT boosted Ham- 
bros 30p to 323p- Clearing 
banks hardened a few pence; 
with Standard Chartered 8p 
up at 872p, awaiting takeover 

In snipping, ftopaer Hold- 
ings was called 15p dearer at 
I37p. Asset-injection hopes 
prompted an 8p rise in British 
Benzol at 84p.-CaMe & Wire- 

W York Heap pop) 
WfckeS (140p) 


Bensons Crisps N/P 
Greycoat N/P 
Hartwetts N/P 
tntf Leisure N/P 
NMW Comp F/P 
Share Drug N/P 
Turner & Neww N/P 
Wales F/P 

-4 (Issue price in bracket*). 

less, whose directors are tour- 
ing institutions laudin g the 
praises pf the Mercury system, 
climbed 33p to 738p- 
. Martin Ford was active at 
1 1 lp. down 2Wjp, after falling 
to l03p in early trading. Next 
advanced 14p to 292p helped 
by a recent press profile of the 
chairman, Mr George Davis. 

Press comment lifted M Y 
Dart 5p to 36p, while other 
firm spots included Crayton 
Lodge lOOp, CPU Computing 
40p, Pope Group 133p and 
Scantroaic U2p, up by 5p to 

Southend Stadium at I34p, 
up 9p and Cosalt 82p, up 6p, 
were wanted ahead of results 
next week. 

In financials, the recent 
newcomer International City 
rose 13p to 213p on US 
expansion hopes. Samuel 
Properties dosed 26p higher 
at 248p on news of a bid 
approach. The favourite to 
make an offer is the fast- 
growing Rosehaugh. 

Loudon & Edinburgh Trast 
at 705p and Scottish Herita- 
ble, 188p, climbed 20p and 
12p respectively in sympathy. 

Oil shares were drab on the 
absence of any firm agreement 
on production cuts in Geneva. 


for the first quarter of 1 986 were 
$24 million (£16 million), 
against $9 million. Midland 
Bank owns Crocker’s equity and 
has agreed to sell it to Wells 

company is to acquire Ready 
Roasted Chickens for £700,000. 
Further payments of up to 
£460,000 will be made in 1989. 
depending on profits. Ready 
Roasted operates from a factory 
in Abodarc. South Wales. 


• CROCKER NATIONAL charges at par) 650 J2p (487 Jp). convertible Eurobond issue, earty part of the year. . this 

■ «T*Tv WTJi* 

NATIONAL: Mr J P Meller, the 
chairman, reports in his annual 
statement that orders for the 
first quarter of the current year 
are ahead of equivalent period 
last time. Tbe board is confident 
that the outcome for the current 
year should be at least 

year to Jan. 31, 1986. Interim 
dividend 1. Ip <i.0p). Sales £8.36 
million (£7.61 million). Pretax 
fh £652,000 (£598.000). 

MACHINERY: Turnover for 
1985 £20.75 million (£20.74 
million). Pretax profit £1.27 
million (£986,000). Total divi- 
dend unchanged ai 3_75p. Earn- 
ings per share 3.36p (2.32p). 

IONAL: Turnover for 1985 
£7.15 million (£7 million). Pre- 
tax profit £314,000 (£163,0001 
Earnings per share 1.40p (0.9pl 

TIONERY: Half-year to Dec. 
28. 1985. Interim dividend un- 
changed at l.S9p. Turnover 
£4.61 million (£4.76 million). 
Operating loss £37,000 (profit 
£178,000). Loss per share 4.0p 

, (earnings i.9pl 

TRUST: Total dividend for the 
year to March 31, 1986, 8-5p 
(7.5p). Pretax revenue £10.02 
million (£9.08 million). Earn- 
ings per share 2.27p (8. Up). Net 
asset value per ordinary stock 
unit (after deducting prior 


GROUP: Sir Timothy Kitson, 
the chairman, told the annual 
meeting that the operating 
companies expect 1986 to be 
another good year. In 1985, the 
number oT credit customers rose 
by more than 100,000. 
Provident's main development 
outside credit — Whi legates ' 
Estate Agency - has opened 16 
new branches since the begin- 
ning of the year. 

dividend unchanged at 3p for 
1985. Turnover home £10.5 
million (£9.45 million) and 
exports £1.21 million f£t.02 
million). Pretax profit £649.000 
(£569,000). Earnings per share 
5-4p (4. Ip). 

TION: Hill Samuel as . lead 
manager, has launched a 15- 
year. $30 'million (£20 million) 

7Vi per cent, a conversion 
premium of 1 5-20 per cent and 
an issue price of -100 per cent. 
Final terms will be announced 
next week. 

TION: Dividend 7p (same) for 
1985. Turnover £60.98 million 
(£69.41 million). Pretax profit 
£408.000 (£667,0001 Earnings 
per share 9.1 pf9.6p). 

INGS: Following the relinquish- 
ing of their executive 

1986. the company has now 
reached an amicable settlement 
with Mr John Rooke and Mr 
John House of all claims arising 
under their service contracts. 

TION: No dividend for 1985. 
Turnover £11.8 million (£11.8 
million). Pretax profit £1.86 
million (£821,000). Earnings per 
share 7.29p (loss 8.17pk 

• WERELDHAVE: Tbe group 
has acquired a property com- 
pany, the principal assets of 
which are two folly let office 
buildings in The Hague. This 

But pressure on costs will 
continue to increase. 

• A AND C BLACK: Total 
payment lOp (9.5p) for 1985. 
Turnover £4.86 million (£4.73 
million). Pretax profit £408,000 
(£312,000). Earnings per share 

• BRITISH VITA: The current 
year has started weil and in 
Britain and Europe the first 
quarter is ahead of budget die 
annual meeting was told. 
Progress is also being made 

company has agreed to acquire 
its first London property - 
Buckingham Court 75-83 
Buckingham Gate. SW1 — for 
£2.2 million. After this pur- 
chase. the value of the group's 
property portfolio will be more 
than £15.5 million, with an 
annualized rental income 
exceeding £13 million. 

• RENOWN: Net sales for 
1985 $228.96 million (£151 
million), against $220.87 mil- 
lion. Net profit $6.62 million 
($6.82 million). Earnings per 
share $41.16 ($45.71). 


tional investor. 

(subsidiary of RTZ): Industry 
projections for 1986 do not give 
much cause for optimism, the 
company warns. Although there 
was some upward pressure on 
. precious meral prices during the 


Group's profit before tax was 
£1.71 million, not £1.17 million 
as printed on Wednesday. 




There’s one word that's common to most of Europe at the 


Because with European markets rising 39%* on average 
last year, there’s no mistaking the potential. 

And now. Save & Prosper (one of Britain’s largest unit 
trast groups) believe the time is right to bring you a new 
interpretation of the European theme. 

Europe. With a higher safety factor. 

Here's why. 


All the signs in Europe are adding up to excellent long- 
term growth prospects. 

•Underdeveloped stock markets that are now attracting 
more and more investors both domestic and foreign - 
and, despite last year’s gains, are still cheap compared 
with other major markets. 

•Improving economies with inflation and interest rates 
under control. 

•Increasing productivity. 

•And company profits on their way up - and now helped 
by lower oil prices. 

There’s every chance of excellent mums. 

But these stock markets are relatively small. (Even Ger- 
many. the largest economy in Europe, has a stock market only 

•QlMlBiinrtlMlEaHwmM^^irtnlbrcsmaeri 1 SSWJ! liKJ 

one third the size of Britain.) And small markets can be volatile 
- which is why our experts are now recommending a new invest- 
ment mix. 


Our new fund will invest primarily in tbe major markets of 
Continental Europe in high-yielding equities (mainly of larger 
companies), bonds and convertibles. 

A mix that is different frqm most other European funds. 
Because it stili aims for high growth. But also includes the higb- 
yi elding equities and fixed interest content for income -and, as 
importantly, for a degree of safety which we believe is sensible 
in these smaller markets. 

And we ought to know. As the first unit trust group to 
launch a European fund 22 years ago, we’ve had plenty of 
experience in getting the best out of Europe. 

(BELLE . ■ BIEN . . WUNDERBAR . . . ) 

You can invest in the new European Income & Growth 
Fund from £250 or from £20 a month -and until 2nd May we'll 
be bolding tbe price of units to SOp. 

Just complete the coupon or talk to your professional 

You should remember that the price of units and income 
from them can go down as well as up. 

But we believe with this new European investment miy, 
the signs are aU good, in anyone’s language. 

Toe Save A Prosper Sccnrltfe* Ltd. FREEPOST. Ronfonl RM1 UBR. 
Telephone : Free MonqflK 0800 282 101 Pnctd *48128# 

Surname (MeMis/MM 

ExMag Account No, (if any) 

Signature Dare 

f M* to ima I* I tmUm 

»p»tb1 in Srn* & Props European Income A Growth 1 

SOp per uak for appfiEathme received bj 2nd May 1986. and 
per uft prevaUng on Ibc dap of reedpi or RtyappHcatiim. 

^ ' L A V *Cu 


I endow a cheque made payable to Save A Prosper Sea 

IwouMBre dte BiiitiaMOfiaMprewlrew ta aM te dtottei 

VMea VmwU loaxKia be pml direct 
□Inencnd tat detoBa t(H*lag Era* £29* womb. 

SO initially, £109 a*- 
l the fitted offer price of 
wntty at itre offer price 

Itatarf. rmncmr 18. 
eaTfiMta lute*. 




OBJECTIVE. To made) potloh) of acartw 

swing Fad a iS% pi Prcesaao fee ytod ad bequotad dsfy n toting nttmi peon 
DEAlMj M UHTTS LWsna) benoi^iaaoW rwmi^or avwdcngdj>.Cflflik»e5W)r!S8fly*1Ji» 

rremtu ol 175% phis WT - sufafad to 3 mutts noted This is deducted from 9* Funds ares to m 
Mmgn'eatHfwhdsdfeQ TdHWstes 

d m nming imraacetfcsfe. 

KTMCflKDSTRR/nONS. iStnttgchanaittiSBptartnresdijar. 

«4id) is nduttaf ai BeotepnotQf onto temajaw Ift bbk adaMe ib mtyxi) »ti ()■ p*1 w 

StfEBWma lie Rind isaAfted tty BeSacntoy of Stab for Trades Madiy aodBi'toder^w 

imettaentuiderteTnfltelnNsftnattMllSGi TrastaBakriStaM ^ 

bintei 1 Rto^,Mnje. teatai H2M Z0Y TdateKOl-SM 
1717 AnunbeiolVieUnilTRfltAswatiofl. 



Luxemburg burnishes its i 

imsday, the Luxemburg g ^ 9 v j ... . 

sssse as a financial centre 

Base Rate 

Is reduced by 0.5% to 10.5% per annum with 
effect from 21st April 1986. 

Deposit Accounts 

Interest on Deposit Accounts is reduced 
by 0.5% to 4.75% net p.a. with effect 
from 21st April 1986. For those customers 
who receive interest gross, the rate is reduced 
to 6.35% p.a. 

Midland Bank pic. 27 Poultry, London EC2P 2BX 

On Thursday, the Luxemburg 
Government used a debate in 
the Grand Duchy's Chamber 
oFDepuiies on die state of the 
nation to announce that it is 
considering tax concessions to 
Lbc country's banks and their 
clients. The announcement 
marked the start of a new 
campaign by Luxemburg to 
promote itself as an interna- 
tional financial centre. 

At first sight such a cam- 
paign might seem only to 
benefit the public relations 
people hired to conduct it. 
Luxemburg, after alL is well- 
known for its lenient treat- 
ment of foreign investors. For 
■half a century, the 350.000 
inhabitants of this small coun- 
try tucked away in the wooded 
hills of the Ardennes have 
offered lheir services to the 
citizens of neighbouring coun- 

Banking secrecy guaranteed 
by law is? the cornerstone. 
Numbered accounts should 
ensure anonymity and for- 
eigners investing in Luxem- 
burg pay no income, capital, 
or inheritance taxes. The char- 
acteristic Luxemburg vehicle 
is the holding company, the 
legal form of which was laid 
down in 1929. 

The more than 6,000 hold- 
ing companies in the Grand 
Duchy are exempt from in- 
come, capital and liquidation 
surplus taxes and are ideal for 
accumulating capital. There is 
no VAT on gold. 

and lawyers — have attracted i 
generations of discreet savers, c 
Unlike Switzerland, Lux- c 
emburg has avoided an unsav- i 
oury association with the loot a 
of dictators and the Mafia. \ 
Historically, it is the home of i 
retail tax evasion, the modest t 
man’s tax shelter. a 

Over the past 20 years, t 
however, Luxemburg has E 
branched out into more so- 
phisticated activities. The ai- . 
most simultaneous arrival of . 
the Common Market and the 
Euromarket were heaven-sent 
opportunities. The Grand 
Duchy gained respectability 
and prominence from the 
construction of the European 
Court of Justice, one of the " 
residences of the European l 
Parliament, and the European c 
Investment Bank. E 

Even better, the Euro- t 
market brought big business, i 
With its tradition of coupon 1 
clipping and its cheap and t 
simple listing regulations, the a 
Luxemburg Slock Exchange a 
was the ideal place for quoting 
Eurobonds. The bourse claims r 
it listed and helped to launch t 

the ECU in its component 
currencies if the European 
commission ever stopped do- 
ing so. This is vital to another 
aspect of Luxemburg's in- 
volvement in bonds — provid- 
ing a secondary market. Some 
60 banks in die Grand Duchy 
are members of the Associa- 
tion of International Bond 

Today’s official bourse price 

The Grand Duchy 
has always been 
the home of 
retail tax evasion 

list includes 3,700 securities, 
of which 80 per cent are 
Eurobonds issued by 1,400 
borrowers from 50 countries 
in 19 currencies. More than 
three quarters of all Euro- 
bonds are listed in Luxemburg 
and 90 per cent have paying 
agents in the country. 

The growth of the bond 
market,, which has enjoyed 

in Luxemburg of equities and 
A The Banters* Association 


*£ 33 ? ‘Unctions gM3 S5SJ5S 


nabt. ns distinct from tie and abolition of the “TO 

mere squirreling away of sav- d abonnemem 

mgs byinvestors. At the end of cent annual 

1985, 213 investment funds But die go**«t«?nMS also 

and companies were regiv anxious for 

lered in the country. Of these, £ aso “* I ™ ,l j ® £££??£ 

the 52 investment funds, favourable to foreign banks. 

mainl y mutual funds or .unit M Jacques Boos, the deputy 

triKti ted a total value eqaiv- 

tereo jn me country, v/i uksc, ~ 

the 52 investment funds, favourable to foreign banks. 

mainl y mutual funds or .unit M Jacques Poos, the 

trustsThadatocal value equiv- president 

alent to £1 1 billion - quadra- 

ole the figure prevailing five wffl mate every effort to 
• . - consolidate the corapeauw- 

^Yet the Luxemburg ness and 
Bankers* Association, the fipara^ cratre. vdtich mesiE 

come, capital and liquidation successor to the EUA. 
surplus taxes and are ideal for So important is the ECU to 
accumulating capital. There is Luxemburg, where banks were 
no VAT on gold. involved in management syn- 

Politicai stability, geograph- di cates for more than half of 
real convenience, dose regula- last year's ECU-denominated 
lion, and good comxnunicat- issues, that the bourse prom- 
ions and professional services ised last week that ix would 
- for example, accountants calculate the counter-value of 


ii listed and helped to launch boom times recently as mter- 
the first bond denominated in est rates and inflationary ex- 
European currency units, the pectations have declined, has 

££rsago : constrfktote. the competitiw- 

^Yet the Luxemburg maud die sjwdroonii* 
Bankers* Association, the finanical centre, wtidi means 
bourse, the government, and also t hat lt 

perhaps even investors ux tbe become a fiscal paradise . 

Grand Duchy are uneasy. individuals resident in Lux- 
Imemational deregulation of emburg pay quite high persr 
finandal services has intern*-. sonal rates of tax and the 
fied the competition from effixtive corporate rate is 
bigger and better equipped ajmmd 25 per cent after 
centres. Recent changes to aglets. 
banking laws in Germany, jhe message is dear. The 
which is to Luxemburg what ^m nd approach must be for 
Britain is to the Channel banks mid investment 
Islands, have particularly on- f unds to offer new and better 
settled Luxemburg bankers. services. 

On tte wholesale side of die 

helped to offset falling busi- 
ness in syndicated loans. 
Luxemburg's 119 banks, of 
which 29 are German and 16 
Scandanavian, had a com- 

acceierate unoer me new con- 
servarive government. In tbetr 

efforts to clamp down on tax 'JESEJFSi 

evasion, national authorities 
have paid unwdeome atten- 
tion to Luxemburg. 

The response is twofold. 

kyv«iivmun w wm, uou a i.vur ■ ^ ** - 

bined balance sheet at tbe end JThe first approach is to sties 
of last year of 7,628 billion the advantages of Luxemburg 

Luxemburg francs (£110 bil- 
lion), almost double the figure 


over its competitors. Luxem- 
burg has seized on an apparent 
weakening of Swiss banking 
secrecy - tbe latest example 
being the freezing of assets 
alleged to be belong to former 
President Ferdinand Marcos 
ofThe Philippines — to under- 
line its own security. . 

M Remy Kramer, president 
of tbe Bankers' Association, 

meats — certificates of 
deposits, Eurocommertrial pa- 
per, revolving underwriting 
facilities, note issuance facili- 
ties, and the rest. 

; On the retail side, there win 
be a renewed drive to attract 
private investors by building 
up in vestment funds and in- 
creasing the cumber and vari- 
ety of stocks listed on the 

Before long, investors 
throughout the European 
Community will be able to 
trade on the bourse etecironi- 

of the Bankers' Association, caUy. Particular effort will be 
sank “There's no question m ^ mlQ attracting medium- 
hiding criminality. But rf the sized pension and insurance 

inquiry were motivated by tax 
reasons, the bank secrecy 
would be 100 per cent in this 

Changing the tax regime is 
part of this approach. The 
govern mem said on Thursday 
that ft is considering, among 
other moves, abolishing the 
subscription tax on new issues 

funds. Luxemburg fa proud of 
having raptured the Etoctro- 
hnc pension fund. But for the 
stereotypical Belgian dentist, 
and bis or her equivalent in 
France, Germany or Holland, 
there can be no substitute for 
secrecy and freedom from tax. 

Michael Prest 





cV '-acr' 

Thursday 6J5 pm Roger Wfest 
checks his mini statement and the 
inrerest he’s getting. 

£ -.,V -r '" 1 


Sunday 1(X3Q am John Taylor 
transfers £500 from his Cardcash 
account to his 90 Day Xtra account. 


Friday’ 11.48pm Ron Raines pays 
in when and where it suits him. 

Halifax Cardcash is a new type of savings 
account that pays you good interest and 
also gives you unbeatable Xtra services. 

• Pays money out 
•Takes deposits 

• Gives an instant balance 

• Issues mini statements 

• Orders full postal statements 

Pays many household biUs free 

• Transfers funds to other Halifax 

Pays standing orders free 

• Works 18 hours a day, 7 days a week. 

• Pays extra interest for high b alances. 

• Offers more cash machines than 
any other building society 

/ v 

... -rt'i; ■ ■ 

"• ■ * ' . W _ . ' 

rn ■ 



“ im 

The Royal Bank of Scotland * 
announces that with effect 
from close of business 
on 21 April 1986 
its Base Rate for advances 
will be reduced from 11% 

to 10%% per annum. 

U* to>«l Bwk ofScwJtod ||b BrnktrrHi OTDor ».%. Andn^o S<nan‘, EdlotwiA EH 2 HX 

Oqdmtrd tn SmtiamiXa. >0312. . . 

Saturda y 2.47 pm Angela and 
Dave Hunt withdraw cash for their 
weekend shopping. 

fib; Halifax Building Sociery (Ref. Cardcash), | 

| Freepost, Trinity Road, Halifax HX1 2BR j 
* (No stamp required.) I 

J 1/We enclose a cheque. nor _ _ _ j 

I foc£ (min investment £1) J 

jo be invested in a Cardcash account at: | 




• Oilers more cash machines than [ : 

any other building societ)-. 

The one that gives you a little Jdm. 


Clydesdale Bank PLC 


Clydesdale Bank PLC 
announces that with 
effect from 21st April 
1986 its Base Bate for 
lending is bang 

from 11% to 1 0*/*% 
per annum. 



O * KC 

Cii Ds 

^ i 

rt l 7 u L 



\ * “■ 

-1 .’ 1 


t MABKtta I 

PttHiag _ yoor bum nan 
stew isahrayx gnng -to 
sn yohre so me ndc co mpand 

to nnrestmeots sodi obodd- 

tm society or bank ace oyat s 

QMMO risky than odioi with 
those quoted on foe KKaBed 
over the counter market oik 
raally being the meat risky of 
aH ' 


some may toaaick Hnw l mw i r w 

risks of the OTC 

The OTC now is simply a 
number of licensed deafen 
quoting prices in companies 
which nave not been launched 
on the stock market dr the 
junior unlisted securities mar- 
ket The- theory is that there 
should be a fairly easy and 
relatively cheap way for com- 
panies which would not satisfy 
the fairly onerous Stock Ex- 
change re qui rements for a 
public flotation to raise 

At the same thng T those 
investors who want to specu- 
late in high risk ventures 
should have a suitable medi- 
um for doing so. The OTC, so 
the theory runs, attracts this 
type of company and, there- 
fore, provides the risk-in- 
dixted in v e st or s with what 
they warn. 

The practice is often differ- 
ent. To start ■ with people 
complain regularly that while 
it is easy to buy shares in OTC 
companies it is not so easy to 
sell them, or to sen them in 
any reasonable size at a realis- 
tic price. Tire spreads — the 
difference between the price 
you can buy at and that you 
can sell at — can become wide 
once it becomes dear that you 
want to seD a chunk of shares 
in an OTC c omp an y. 

John Hustler, of the accoun- 
tancy fiim Peat Marwick 
Mitchell, OTC specialists, 
says: “his not easy to deal in 
size bcanse the shutters go up 
when you are a seDer.“ One of 
the essential ingredients of any 
market is that there should be 
willing buyers and sellers. 
Otherwise there is no inariert. 
In effect, there is no real OTC 
market in Britain. 

There is Harvard Securities, 

‘It looks like the 

the licensed dealers and mar- 
ket makers, who make a 
market in several unquoted 
companies (and quoted com- 
panies) and a host of finance 
bouses which do relatively 
small amounts ofbusiness hr a 
few unquoted company's 
shares. Harvard alone can not 
be said to be the OTC. A 
market has more than one 
person offering goods. 

The lack of real liquidity 
means that many prices 
quoted on the OTC are mere 
indications — they are not the 
prices you can buy and sell at. 
The jargon used is “basis 
prices Another consequence 
is that many shares are in 
reality quoted on a “maxched 
bargains*’ ba ris - In other 
words, the OTC dealer wiD 
not take the shares on itseli 
bat will find out your require- 
ments — whether you are a 
buyer or seller and in what 
volume — and try to find the 
opposite half of the equation 
for you. 

“Most of the stocks quoted 
on the OTC are being offered 
on a matched bargain basis or 
else the prices quoted are basis 

OTC market is trying to become respectable 1 

prices," says Tom Wiimot, the 
controversial chairman of 
Harvard Securities. He points 
out that Harvard quotes genu- 
ine two-way prices and takes 
heavy positions itself. He also 
says Prior Harwin makes mar- 
kets in certain stocks. 

We called up Harvard, 
anonymously asking for a 
price in 25,000 shares in an 
OTC stock called Taddale 
Investments. They quoted a 
price of 6p to sell ana 8.5p to 
buy. The same experiment 
with Prior Harwin produced a 
selling price of only 3p, half 
the price Harvard was offer- 
ing. This perhaps gives a 
measure of the respective 
liquidity of foe dealers* OTC 
business. It must also say 
something about the state of 
foe OTC when foe two “mar- 
ket makers'* prices show a IOC 
per cent difference. 

The nice Prior Harwin 
quotes for Sinclair Research, 
incidentally, is a basis price 

The Stock Exchange plans 
for a third market, whkartis 
intended should become oper- 

ational next October, are real- 
ty an attempt to provide a 
proper market for companies 
not quoted on the Stock 
Exchange or USM. What will 
happen is that the called OTC 
companies and other young 
companies can have their 
prices displayed on the new 
computerized pricing system 
which the Stock Exchange is to 

But to have access to the 
system these companies will 
have to be sponsored by a 
member of foe Stock Ex- 
change. The member will be 
responsible for scrutinizing 

w u w pw iw. 

So the third market as such 
is simply a method by which 
foe prices of HnqnoictfcomwK 
tries can be distoed by. 

Edited by Lorna Bourke 

for home 

Details of how the proposed 
bonding societies ombudsman 
will operate were revealed by 
Ian Stewart. Economic Secret 
tary to the Treasury, in a 
speech to the societies this 

When the new Bonding 
Societies Act comes into force 
next January, all building 
societies will be obliged to 
belong to foe ombudsman 
scheme. Like the insurance 
ombudsman and the banking 
ombudsman, on which foe 
building societies ombudsman 
is modelled, be will have 
powers to arbitrate and to 
nwte compensation awards to 
aggrieved building society bor- 
rowers or investors, if be finds 

in their favour. 

The ex p e c te d Omit on cam- 
nensntion b filed? to be about 
£§555 but it is difficult to 
imagine many situations 
where building society inves- 
tors or borrowers could possi- 
bly be out of pocket to this 

Disgruntled building society 
customers will be able to go to 
the omtmdsjpan and ask him 
to adjudicate and, if be finds in 
their favour, the decision is 
binding on the building society 
that has to pay any damages 
awarded by the ombudsman. 
But if he finds in fovocr of foe 
building society foe customer 
is still free to go to court. Like 
the other ombudsman services, 
it vrfl] be free. 

Areas covered will be dis- 
putes about whether money 
was paid into or withdrawn 
from an account, failure to 
conjoin instructions to trans- 
fer money from one h hw w * to 
joButiber paying a higher nte of 
or fitan to cany 


Hays Allan 


A CALL ON 01-831 6233 AND FIND OUT 


\A Chartered Accountants 

Ejpk 1 ^1 The Fmsncial Adv *° fS Person T W c^| |Ug' [Ug^ 


This advertisement is issued in compliance u iih the Regulations of The Stock Exchange. 

makoa. h wScnomneoadP- 
arable flanges each m tab 
prices and hop db fl y provide 
the liqmdiQr end market mak- 
es w hi ch a genuine market 
seeds. This can only mean 
good news far investors. 

Lawrence Lmr 

Tie eswwmin will not, 
bwmr, adjudicate on foe 
cos m t rtla l decision whether a 
bonding society should, or 
should not, grant a loan. But 
he may ask societies to review 
the sitnatioa if he 
someone bee hen befit 

Loma Bourke 

rUFmm Building Society 

t Incorporated in England under the Building Societies Act 187-i# 

Placing of £20/MMM)00 9% per cent Bonds 
due 27th April 1987 

Listing for the bonds has been granted by the Council of The Stock Exchange. Listing 
Particulars in relation to The Nationwide Building Society are available in the Extel 
Statistical Services. Copies may be collected from Companies Announcements Office. 
P.O. Box No. 119. The Stock Exchange. London EC2P 2BT until 22nd April 19&1 and 
until 5th May 1986 from:— 

Fulton Prebon 
Sterling Ltd., 
34-40 Lndgate Hill, 
London EC4M 7JT 

Laurie, Milbank & Co., Rowe & Pitman, 
Portland House, I Finsbury Avenue, 

72/73 Basinghail Street, London EC2M 2PA 
London EC2V 5DP 

I9th April 1986 

Bargains from the north 

There are vast numbers of 
investors with only a couple of 
thousand panada to play wfth 
who are effectively predated 
from dealing in shares because 
of tiie high minimum charges 
imposed by most 

A flat fee off CIO per bargain . 
would be cheap hot as a 
perc en tage charge on a small 
deal of, say, £200, It is Toy 

Oae way round the problem 
Ss to job Lancashire ft 
Yorkshire's new Stockholder 
Portfolio Service. 

For a mfarfnmm tf £2-.K@ 
yon can i nv ert in a spread of 
shares cf**— » by. Lancashire 
& Yorkshire bat selected to 
meet yoar requirements, with 

the benefits of low dealing 
charges usually . associated 
with modi larger bargains. 

There is no “front end" 
charge but . Lancashire ft 
Yorkshire levies a dealing 
diarge of £2 per bargain on aD 
shares bought and sold. There 
is also an animal, profit- 
related performance lee of 10 
per cent, pins VAT, on any net 
increase in die value of the 

Bat if Lancashire ft York- 
shire does not make any 
profits for yen, it gels paid 

Peter Kent at Lancashire & 
Yorkshire explains: “The 
Sto^hoMer Portfolio Service 
is expected to have a particular 
appeal to the many investors 

whose interest in the 
stockmarket has been aroused 
by recent share issues such as 
British Telecom, Laura Ash- 
ley, Abbey life and others, bat 
who have neither the time nor 
the expertise to md 

monitor a portfolio of their 

“ Clients can choose wheth- 
er they go for a conservative 
approach which would confine 
them largely to ‘Mae chip* type 
stocks, or take a Diore aggres- 
sive stance which would in- 
volve seeking out attractive 
special situations.** 

Fufi details from Lancashire 
ft Yorkshire Investment Man- 
agement Ltd, 73 Wimpurte 
Street, London W1M 7DD 
(01-935 5566). 

> i*- 

in * 

- that’s Wardltn s 
Growth ^TrustUt 

“offer to bid, income not reinvested, calculated over period 2! .11.85 - 15.486 

International Investment Consultants Lid 

38 F in s bur y Square, London EC2A IPX • 

Telephone: 01-638 2540 or 01-5883172 

Momberafthe National Association of Security Dealers and Investment Managers 



B Are you wondering just how long the current equity boom can last? 

■ Should you now be looking at safety-first investment vehicles that wall still 
provide a real rate of return? 

B Have you been thinking about fixed-interest investments? 

■ Have you considered fixed-interest investments in Swiss Francs? 

B Did you notice that in the year February. 19B5 to February 1986 the Swiss 
Franc appreciated by over 50% against the US Dollar? ■ 

B Do you remember when there were SwFr.12 tothe £? There are now under 

B What safer currency could you find for your fixed-interest investments? 

R-i fl Bond Investments AG 

and deposits in a unitised form. 

m In it** #» veais to March 1986, UK investors in Bl A- private indirndu^ .pension 

* funds and companies- have seen the value of their investments virtually double in 

Sterling terms. 

a Tiia bearer Participation Certificates issued by BIA are easily bought 

• US Sd’KeMrt® are quoted daily in the Financial Times. Income is 
reinvested for the benefit of investors. 

international Investment Consultant Ltd BIAS UK representatives, can provide 

details to investors and professional advisers. 

■ioTiSvaBiirealiartrettng Director, International investment Consultants Ltd, 





Telephone , 


The International Growth Thist 

Back in November. 1966, when Wardley decided 
to relaunch their International Growth Thist 
(formerly foe Wardley Natural Resources Thist) 
they did so for very good reasons 

Market Movements 

Every year investors see some markets perform 
exceptionally well and others do badly. Ov er foe 
last year the most attractive has been Europe, 
whilst markets such as Hong Kong and 
Singapore have performed with much less flair. 
In the long term, one can expect cyclical 
performance from any market but in foe short 
term you need to check regularly that your 
money is invested in the right area 

Investment Policy 
Our Managers set about creating a unit trust 
that could move around the world at will And 
into any market, be it ordinary shares, fixed 
interestseeurities or simply hard currency This 
poliqv has been put into practice with 
substantial gains after only twenty one weeks. 

In that time; investors who placed £1000 with 
foe Wardley International Growth Trust have 
seen it grow to £1,551 net of charges! 

Of course, this rate of growth cannot be 
guaranteed to continue and foe value or units 
and income can go down as well as up 
However WardJey is confident that it will 
continue to invest in the right markeLsatfoe 
right time - with all-out capital growth as the 
prime target. 

Current Tkctics 
The International Growth Thist is truly 
international - we are currently invested (as at 
15/4/86) as follows: USA 22%. UK 22%. Japan 14$. 
France 10%.. Sweden »%, Germany 9%, Italy 5%. 
there and cash 8k 

Wardley Around the World 

Wardley with its extensive network of 
on-the-spot researchers and investment 
professionals is particularly well equipped to 
buy foe world. 

In Hong Kong Tofcyu Newark, Melbourne 
and Singapore, WardJey offices continuously 
monitor and invest in their own markets - 
co-ordinated from our office in the City of 
London. Thus; when changes occur in far away 
places, we are ideally placed to react with great 

Recently, the slockmarkeis of Japan. Spain 
and interestingly the Philippines experienced 
some significant rises. Wardley s International 
Growth Trust reacted by buying into these* 
markets with excellent results. 


Dealing in L nitv 1 ml' will ii-htujtfilal Hr m linif < Wcrpniv 
hti-i nwi dn> ■ hi which «>nl*-P- nr>- I'v'ivJ I ,i iTuidi ■ ih<- t'll-Tjmrf.Ji t.'.ih 

tjml ni p i V '■■fii.-j--: %«,!.■ will l»—fii [(iiitvilui.-fi in ui' 

uppInaliimi-pwiMii-.imiMiurl nil ''.flinnA- will nunolh w llliin 

Ut-n.viudtf>- \VN*Ti>i,b -'ll •.■mr twill- (MVTii-nl w ill >*- ni.i<fr il,. 1 !hI 
prutniinnallv wiuimruji-iililir mvurtirfiirarn-Diiunnfli nti< 

PHce»aad yield: Tfw i^i^r-ni jiriifn and >«rld jft- nuuinl Auh in ih»- 1 'jil» 
Tti-2rapK Tim*-- 'jndThr Yimo. 

Income: Thi'i->limal-d 2 n»"t i unvfii vi»^li*ti Itth M.inlt lfNiw.L- 1 1'-pt-r 
uiuium 'n^iniiMii-i'»Ti»inliiilrdaiiniisiil>«inS1-l Viyu-l 

Chaifles: \n iniiial i-h.irai nl V..K itn lurb-d in ih>- lift* v nnio t ■ mmi—hsi 
i-pjifliutp.ilifinl inn .uirtliitn.- ihfrsi'-.lMn-.'nniL.hlvi.niviiiii^l \n 
animal I Iplii' V\1 1 ,il Tin- \:ilui ,,1 tin- IrtnlK 

d-iiniinl(n<ni ih>. imvuir iurnipiuil illhnvi. iii-ullHii-m irumih -1 

Sjtiejjuaitls:Thr’fru*ii'.iu!hiifT«i , d!n itii Siwlan »iISLii,-|,irlrHili'iind 
linhiMiy iind 1 . 4 wider Rii:0-iRtrMmviil inntrrih<''ltvrviii-liiiev|RiHii V i 
I'm, J. nWlVuiirr t- 1.^4 ij- H-inV F1e.?l l.muhard-'iri-'L L>,i i<l<in Kt':|'.:IN 

Mnoa£einmlCninpan> Wurdliy I nil Trvs Mdiu-iT- l.inmrtl!:<?! ^l^ 
rjictind Krin.vien'atilfkv ttorllev liuux-.7 ] *rvii^liin-Suuar<'.«D-J>UfIS - 

A member nf (be I nllTniMA-rematkia 

Wardley’s Pedigree 

We are a wholly owned subsidiary of foe 
Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, 
which has over40.U00 employees w orking in 
more than 1200 offices in over 50 countries. 
Truly international! 

IWeaippIv IxruniL- imhe vulu-nf t I min ti.cHHi} 

ittihe SlunuQvr> quoted <ifl-.-rprit.T-on tvt.viplof ihL- upitljeuuun 

First nami-A. 

A World of Experience 


Hate ■ T19. 4 

1 1 n tin ■ n w > if joint u| i| i! i«i Ln <n ■». i-Jirfi nn>i -iirn .in< ! :iU/ii-h full 

I’k-ast- lick Ihr.ifipptipriitli- J if >nu u«ulil like. 

lil iniTinivdi'iiribiiiiunsir-mvi-.-iiri Q 

(til olt.urstiiin- Ev-liiiiuf-Svfk-iitt- 

fiill dr-HiiLsnf n-pular mtinLhlv Jj 

noa^.-stfid ihist-ompIcU'djpplK-uunn inrni.inddiii|ib* i..riti<* 
umuuntyou i«imH «i. 

Wardley L'nitTVust Managers Limited 
Wardley Mnu-t.-*. 7 l>*vnn«hire Square, 
bmdnn FC2M 4HN. 

Tblephone: 01-929 1532 or 1524. 
{Ni.iupplirolik'in Eire) 

ttifmhrr. HunshungBank (frr»tji 


274 Fulham Rd, London SW109EW 01-351 



Every ax months since January 1982 ‘Pfeaned Savings’ magarinp assesses the performance of the 
leading unit trust portfolio managers. Regularly Richards Longstafi Unk Trust Portfolio 
Management walk away with the winner's laurels for Capital Growth. Success in the expanding 
world of unit trusts necessitates specialist professional advice on the choke from over 800 tends 
and often rapid ehaiyo m far in te rn a tional stockmarkets. We ate even more rfdi gfrtwt 

that our Portfolio Management Service is providing consistent kmg terra value. 
^—^^^£10.000 invested in our competition portfolio on 4 January 1982, wodd 
have been worth £33303 on die 1st January 1966. 



Five years 
without a fall 

■ With the prospect of further falls In 
interest rates very much on the cards, 
investors dependent on interest from 
banks and buRdtog society deposits 
shoifld be looking nard at ways to lock 
themselves into fixed rate investments. 
Income bond rates have already 
discounted another drop in bank base 
rates and are not that attractive. But 
the in vestment adviser Kean Seager, of 
Whiteehurch Securities, has a flve- 
year bond which is paying around 10 per 
cent net of basic rate tax. 

He explains: "It is a combination of an 
annuity and a with-profits endowment 
The annuity bit provides the 
guaranteed income and the with-profits, 
which is with Clerical Medical and 
! General, should provide you with the 
return of your capital at tne end of the 
five-year term." It is not quite so attractive 
as a guaranteed Income bond which 
guarantees both the income payments 

and the return ofyour capital, but with 
e top-notch life onioe such as Clerical 
Medical and Genera! it Is as near a 
guarantee as you are fikeiy to get 

Details hum Whte ch urch Securities, 

180 Stanley Road, Teddington, Middlesex 

TW118UD (01-0775854). 

Computing to 
keep down tax 

M It never fans to horrify people when 
they hear about the survey that found that 
27 per cent of an tax codings were 
inaccurate. In the face of this and the 
huge backlog of work under which the 

bffi the taxman sends you is correct ff you 
have a home computer, you can check 
the bU yourself with the latest updated 
version of the Consumers' Association 
program, Taxcalc. All you do is enter your 
personal circumstances, your income 
from various sources ana your outgoings. 
The program then calculates how 
mucn tax you should have paid for the 
1985-86 tax year and tells you whether 
you are due for a rebate or whether you 
stffl owe money. For married couples 
the program calculates the effect of 
separate taxation of the wife's 
eammgs so that you can sea Immediately 
whether this would be cheaper for 


Taxcalc is now available m four 
versions to run on:BBC hGcro model 
B32K, price £835 (cassettefcSindair 
ZX Spectrum 48K. £635, 
(cassette),-Commodore 64 or 128. 
i £6.95 (cassette); Sinclair QL, £835 
(microdrive). ( 

Taxcalc to available from the 
subscription department. Consumers’ 
Association, PO Box 44, Hertford SGI4 
ISH. Prices Include postage and packing. 

Through the roof 

■ The average price of a detached 
house in the old GLC area is now more 
than £100,000. according to the the 
Leeds Permanent Building Society. Just 
how untypical this is of the country can 
be seen when you consider that the 
average price in the East Midlands is 
still only £41,000. The national average is 
£35,603 and the annual increase in 
house prices was 13.1 per cent over the 
past year. But individual properties 
can outperform or underperform even 
these s ta tist ics. A flat in London's 
Earls Court Square (just three bedrooms 
- no garden) was on the market 
•hrough the developers just over a year 


k hy emusK. -Jt 

< ?mMz 

ago at £ 1 10300 . ft is on the market 
again today at £175,000 - a 59 per cent 

In good company. 

■ Are you a company director? If so, 
do you know what transactions you are 
obliged to disdose? The chances are 
you do not, but if you are in any ioubt get 
nold of a copy of the latest booklet 
from the Institute of Chartered 
Accountants, which deals with 
precisely this area. “ The Companies Act 
1985 significantly increased the 

amount of dates requiring disclosure and 
widened the definition ofdisdosure 
transactions," says the booklet. 

Company Directors— Which 
Transactions Musi Be Disclosed. 

Copies of the booklet, price £6. are 
available from the Institute of Chartered 
Accountants, Gloucester House, 399 
Silbury Boulevard, Whan Gate East, 
Central Milton Keynes MK92HL 

It looks a cert 

■ Holders of 21st issue National 
Savings certificates, which were on sale 
from May 11 to November 7, 881, are 
being offered 8.52 per cent if they do not 
encash their cert if icates as they come ' 
up for maturity. Given that interest rates 
are falling, the 8.52 on offer looks a 

keep an eye on your investments as the 
“general extension terms" offered on 
matured savings certific a te s are not fixed 
but vary, and you may at times be able 
to get a better return elsewhere. Interest 
pa£i is tax-free. 

Healthy rate at Spa . 

■ People wanting to lock themselves 
into a high fixed interest rate should not 
delay In getting 'm touch with the 
Leamington Spa Building Society. Its Spa 
Bond is paying 9 per cent net of basic 
rate tax on minimum investments of 
£2,000. It is a one-year investment and 
the rate Is guaranteed lor the 12-roonth 
period. The offer Is limited and could 

be withdrawn at any time. . v 

Full details from the Leamington Spa 
Building Society, PO Box 1 .Leamington 
House, Milverton Hifl, Leamington 
Spa, CV32 5FE (0926 27920). 

House guide 

■ Buying a house can be a nightmare 
if you don't understand the legal side 
property. But the latest edition of the 
Consumers' Association book. The Legal 
Side of Buying A House, should put 
most beginners on the right trade 
Described by the MP Austin Mitchell 
(who introduced the Private Members Bfll 
to break the soli chore’ virtual 

you all you need to know abqtAbuymg 

and selling a house. Goptes of the 
book, £635, are avaflabfefrom the 

Consumers' Association, PO Box 44, 

Hertford SG14 ISH. 

Insurance costs 

The typical cost of retK^iga 

house or bungalow increased pyaT par 
cent between March 1985 andMarcn 

1^00, accuroniy iw own**— 

the Association of British Insurers. 

This means that fry insurance purposes, 
ff your house was previously Insured 

for £50,000, it should now be Insured for 
ju st over £52300. MawPWtej are 
reluctant to insure for full rebuilding cost 
- particularly if this Js higher thantne 

market value of the pTT^5erty(whicn it . 

often is). 

But if you don't and you have a claim, 
the insurer could claim that you were 
underinsured and scale down the 

underinsurance. Whereas domestic 
policies used not to have "averaging” 
clauses in them, many of the more 

recent ones do and yoiir claim may not be 

paid in fun if you are underinsured. 

To heto homeowners assess the 
rebuilding cost o! their property the 
association produces a leaflet, 

BuScSngs insurance for Home Owners, % 
which is available free from the ABl 
Leaflets (H), AWermary House, Queen 
Street, London, EC4N ITT. 

Career help 

■ Interest free loans are now 
available through the High Street banks 
for those who want to train for a new 
career. Caked Career Development 
Loans, they are onfy avaflabfe nowon 

a pitot scheme fn Aberdeen, Bristol, Bath, 
Greater Manchester, Reading and 
Slough. You have to be over 18 and if 
your application is successful you pay 
no interest on the money durirra the 
period of training and for up to three 
months afterwards. No capital is repaid 
during the time of training but 
repayments start three months after the 
end of the training period. Insane 
cases it may be possible to borrow 
money for tiring expenses but the 
decision in all cases win be up to the 
individual banks. 

The vital choice 

■ The latest performance figures 

■ from actuaries Martin Paterson highlight 
just how important it is to pick the right 
personal pension plan. The best- 
performing managed funds for the 12 
months ending April 1 were Save & 
Prosper with an increase of 39 pa 
cent m the value of the fund, Scottish 
Equitable showing an increase of 38.4 
per cent and Guardian Royal Exchange at 

funds of more than £10 million. In the 
under-El 0 million category British 
National Is in the number one spot with an . 
increase of 57.4 per cent and TSB w 

comes next with 56.6 per cent followed by ' 
Aetna Lite “Bui" with 43 per cent 

At the other end of the scale NEL. 

Imperial Life and PGA get tha wooden 1 

spoon for showing the worst 
performances. NEL managed to Increase 
the value of its fund by onfy U.9 per 
cent These were the larger funds. The 
wooden spoon among the smaller 
personal pension managed funds goes to 
Pinnacle, Tyndall Life and Genoa) 

Accident, which showed increases of 173 
percent, 18.3 per cent and 19.4 per 
cent respectively. 

Is the writing on the wall 
for special sector funds? 

Investment fashions- geographical, industrial, 
sectional-may come and go. ' 

The beauty of growth is here to stay. 

That's what the F5 Balanced Growth Fund was set 
up to achieve And no ifs or buts about iu that's the 
result we keep on producing- month in. month ouL 
The Fund's objective is total return through an 
actively managed portfolio, focusing on small to 
medium-sized growth companies and special situations. 


The FS Balanced Growth Fund heal all other unit 
trusts in its first two years. £1,000 invested in February 
1984 was worth £3,073 by February 1986 (offer-to-bid, 
net income reinvested). 

On a shorter time h o riz o n the latest Planned Savings 
statistics show that the FS Balanced Growth Fund was 
the No 1 UK growth trust over the twelve months to 
1st April 1986. 


The investment strategy behind this consistently 
successful pattern of growth qualifies for that rarest of 
adjectives; unique. 

At FS we are active investment managers, monitor- 
ing markets, industries and individual managements 
with a rare intensity 

As a result we are able consistently to identify 

companies set for significant growth, as well as to 
produce substantial gains from undervalued 

In the case of the Balanced Growth Fund, we have 
achieved a high return by concentrating on small to 
medium-sized companies. 


A combination of solid experience, FS has been 
around since 1899 and ‘City skills! means that we 
can avoid those narrow volatile areas which may grow 
today but shrink tomorrow 

On the contrary, as our performance with the FS 
Balanced Growth Fund proves: we concentrate on 
consistent growth. Time alter time. 

Please contact David Campbell, 

Investment Director, if you’d like to 
know more. H 

Freepost Department Tl. ■JL — 

190 West George St, Giasgpw G2 2BR. 1 HK3i I 

Telephone; 041-332 3132. ' MANAGERS 




v/iVyvy net 

ON £10,000 OR MORE 


ON £5,000 OR MORE 


ON £500 OR MORE 

Invest in a Cheltenham Gold Account and well 
ensure that your money will always be working at its 
hardest . 

We calculate the interest on your account day by day. 
Soyour whole investment automatically earns the best 
rate according to the amount you have invested. 

And no matter how much you invest you can pay in 
or withdraw as you wish, without giving notice or 
incurring any penalties whatsoever. 


If you wish you can have your interest paid monthly. 
In a Cheltenham Gold Monthly Interest Account 
amounts of 5:10,000 or more earn 8.33% net 8.65% 
Compounded Annual Rate* and on £5,000 or more, 
8.09% net 8.40% Compounded Annual Rate* still with 
no strings. 

You can also have theadded convenience of running 
your account from the comfort of your own home or 
office, post free, with our Gold By Post service. All of 
which makes Cheltenham Gold an automatic 
choice. Invest in Cheltenham Gold today. 


To: Cheltenham & Gloucester Building Society, 

PO Bck 124, FREEPOST, Cheltenham, Gk* GL53 1BR. 

I/We endoseS to open a Gold By Post Account 

(Minimum £500 Maximum £250,000) 

I/We encloses to open a Gold Monthly Interest 

Account By Post (Minimum £5,000 Maximum £250,000) 

□ Please send more details. blocx capitals 

Full Name(s) Mr/Mrs/Miss ; ’ 




► !T3 1 tei] 5 

Building Society 


Member of theBuUding Societies Association and Investors’ Protection Scheme. Assets exceed S3U00 million. , 

Branches throughout the UK.See%Uow Pages. 

Interest paid {uuurallyjcurTent rales which may vary. OVben Interest added to account. 



y&vY':. Vila 

4 .' -v=-:aiag.s »i Bjj gt M 

»*-«v-w-.ini i l ii (tfU iw^-. 

. ^ ; rJW^a^fUyxSi. iJ 

Alan Atkinson: Tragic victim of an 


It is not just women, apparent- 
ly, who get incensed about our 
archaic tax treatment of mar- 
ried couples. So said John 
Moore, Financial Secretary to 
the Treasury, at a Conserva- 
tive women's conference at 
the Barbican last week. 

Complaints do not come 
only from married women, I 
had a letter from one man 
complaining that he had just 
spent four hours trying to sort 
^ out his wife's tax affairs. I 
-think that might have been my 
husband. After numerous 

false dawns and much govern- woman’s investment income 

huffing and 
puffing, tax 
reform seems 
to be finally 
on its way. 

And as Emma 
Nicholson, a 
man of die 
Party, who or- «»•.■ 
ganized last ^ 
week’s confer- M 

x*w»*»<* . 

Emma Nicholson: Questions 

ence, points oat, we have had 
the same system since the 
early 19th century, and now 
( we ought to try to get it right 
\ j Thai is why, this week and 
next Miss Nicholson is send- 
ing the first batch of what she 
hopes will beat least 50,000 
questionnaires designed to 
find out what son of tax 
reforms women want 

She says; “I warn 10 reach as 
wide an audience of women as 
possible, not just party sup- 

Mr Moore made quite dear 
what the Government wants 
by way of tax reform. 

FIRST, any new system 
must be fair and not discrimi- 

Paper is the proposal for fully 
transferable tax allowances 
between husband and wife, 
and vice versa, which will 
mean that a non -earning 
spouse can give the allowance 
to his or her partner. The 
alternative is a completely 
independent system that gives 
only a personal allowance 
against the individual’s 

Women who want to fill in 
the questionnaire can get them 
at their local Conservative 
Party headquarters or write to 
'Miss Nicholson, 32 Smith 
Square, Westminster, London 


Igl^OUR UWN j 

Impersonal Portfolio | 
| ofSjocks i and Shares I 

-wir r#xc""-*.7 . 

Now you can enjoy 

all the rewords and excitement of owning your 
own personal portfolio of shares, without the 
need to monitor the markets yourself -and 
without you having to make any of the oucial 
decisions about when to buy and when to sell . 


Simply choose the STOCKHOLDER 
PORTFOLIO SERVICE that suits you - and 
leave everything else to the experts at 
Lancashire androrishire Investment 
Management Limited, 
sjs Minimum only £2,000 
* You receive full records of all transactions 
Hi All your investments held by The Royol Bank 
of Scotland pic, os custodian 
Phone 01 -935 5566 NOW for details - phone 
lines open all weekend -or send for your 
brochure today. 

A*W« R« ' * ■ V fW. I V •■*•/> TAT* >»Ai 

* To Lancashire & Yorkshire Inveslmenl Manciaemenl T iS/4' 

i Limited. 73 Wimpole Street, London W1M7DD. 

Tel- 01 .9355566 

• Please send me. without ohl'oation, full details of vow 






Laxicashm&Yxicshiw — 

rtz l vWU *jk"» • • j •/■■a. «".v 

Driving with a new danger 


Hertz, the international car 
hire company, has just dra- 
matically reduced the amount 
of insurance protection of- 
fered to holidaymakers hiring 
its vehicles in the United 

Thousands of Britons plan 
driving holidays in the United 
Stales every year but, whether 
they go independently or on a 
fly-drive package, many could 
be driving with totally inade- 

The problem surfaced three 
years ago when Family Money 
revealed the tragic story of a 
British Airways pilot, Alan 
Atkinson, who lost his wife 
and children in a car accident 
in Florida. He received no 
compensation because the 
other driver was uninsured 
and his case highlighted im- 
portant differences between 
US insurance practice and 

There is, for instance, no 
equivalent of our statutory 
unlimited third party liability 
insurance. The minimum cov- 
er you have to buy in the 
United Stales varies from 
state to state — it can be as low 
as the equivalent of £27,000, 
or even less. 

If tourists cause an accident 
they could be sued personally 
for any damages in excess of 
what is covered by their car 
hire, insurance, which might 
be the low state minimum. If 

they are injured in a car 
accident caused by someone, 
else, the insurance carried by 
the other driver may be totally 
inadequate to cover their 

Family Money has previ- 
ously recommended that holi- 
daymakers hiring in the 
United States should go to one 
of the big names — such as 
Hertz - that did at least 
provide higher than state 
minimum third party Liability 
cover. And until a month ago 
Hertz included $300,000 
cover per accident That has 
now been reduced to 
$50,000 which, given the 

Jack up personal 
accident cover 

stratospheric level of court 
awards in the United States, is 
dearly inadequate. 

The insurance manager for 
Hem Europe, Peter Coe, says: 
“It’s my understanding that 
the insurance cover in the 
States has been reduced be- 
cause of the growing difficul- 
ties and expense of obtaining 
liability insurance over there." 

So British holidaymakers 
hiring a car in the United 
States should look carefully at 
the small print of the insur- 
ance policy included in the 
package - and consider buy- 
ing themselves some extra 
insurance before they go. 

However, the only policy 

available to the individual 
traveller that gets dose to 
plugging the loophole is the 
Topsure policy available from 
ABTA travel agents — 6r from 
a perfect solution. 

Topsure offers up to $1 
million third party cover — 
but it is only an excess policy, 
payable if the claim is over 
and above the insurance avail- 
able with the car hire. 

And in order to deter holi- 
daymakers from going to back 
street renters, it is valid only if 
the original car hire insurance 
covered third party liability of 
up to $300,000. 

Topsure ddariy needs a 
review although the insurers 
say that. Topsure holidaymak- 
ers who hire from Hertz are 
still covered. But it might be 
wise not to rely on this as the 
underwriter has given a tem- 
porary undertaking to honour 
claims. He might invoke the 
written terms ofthe contract if 
a really big claim came in. 

And there is still the prob- 
lem of getting uninsured or 
under-insured motorists' cover 
— that is what protects you If 
you are injured in an accident 
caused by a driver with inade- 
quate thud party cover. 

There is no US equivalent 
of our own Motor Insurers 
Bureau compensation scheme 
which pays out to victims here 
if they have a close encounter 
-with an uninsured driver. 

The prudent US motorist 
has this cover as pan of his 
normal driving insurance and I 
it is extended to hired cars as ! 
well, which is why it is not 
sold separately in the States — 
it is not available to tourists 
over there at alL 

The Topsure policy in- 
cludes up to $100,000 unin- 
sured and underinsured 
motorists’ cover, which is 
apparently the best the under- 
waters can do but still hope- 
lessly inadequate. 

Your best bet is to jade up 
the amount of personal acci- 
dent insurance included in the 
standard holiday insurance 
policy. Topsure costs £35 for 
one car fora fortnight. 

Anyone going on a fly-drive 
package is also advised to 
inquire closely about the in- 
surance arrangements and not 
accept gtib assurances from 
the travel agents that the car 
hire includes “full insurance". 
They may just mean that it 
satisfies the bare state 
minim um. 

Some holiday companies, 
such as Jetsave, draw 
customers' attention to the 
need for extra insurance and 
offer block polities. Jetsave 
offers up to SI million third 
party liability for £20 a car 
but no lmdennsured or unin- 
sured motorists’ cover. 

Maggie Drummond 





Mnni iim^ A, utvv miu. i miAvi iw* 



The objective? lb generate : 


and growing income over me 

. luugu 

The prospects? With our connec- 
tions worldwide we would .say very 
good indeed. 

Send die coupon today for details 
of both the trust and our opening dis 
count ofiei 

To: David Chapman at JBordays^Urucorn, Juxon 
House, 94 Sc PlanTs Churdjyard, Londoa EC4M 8EH 
or phone 01-248 6224. 

Send me details of Barclays Unicom international 
Income Trust. 

Name 1 

Address : : 



Wire ihh .101 imiuflKwvi 

Calling all women: 
What reforms 
do you want? 

nale against the wife who | 
chooses to give up paid work j 
to stay at home. 

SECOND, it must do away | 
with the tax penalties on i 
marriage. At the moment 
many couples are better off 

THIRD, married women 1 
must no longer be considered 
as the goods and chattels of | 
their husbands. 

FOURTH, the Govern- 
ment wants to raise tax thresh- | 
olds for the lower paid. 

The Government has ac- 1 
cepted, for instance, that it is ! 
completely unfair u> tax a j 

as though if 
belongs to her 
husband and 
not allow a 
married wom- 
an her own 
tax allowance 
against it - 
which is all 
most contro- 
versial aspect 
of the Green 


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:;!! I"! 

•i Mj 

uiUIffl Hi 

Ml— II •' •• • v =./ - ■ \ • >;«• • • / ' V 

IP / 

(L "V /'•V; 

. . ■ i 


Buyingahomecanbeatongand called ‘contract-racd We can .also provide bridging 

tortuous process. And it will certainly take some loans, personal loans and even 

Indeed, at times it can seem as of the stress out of a very stressful house and contents insurance, 
though everyone is working period. A special offer, 

against you. i Apart from the obvious advan- R> r a limited period, we won’t 

Thatfcwhywe’ve set outto make tage of speed our service is also offia . ~> u a flexible mortgage, 
at least one link in the chain both very flexible. W1 also offer you acheaper 

flexible and fist A flexible mortgage. package. 

1 he mortgage. ^ can Q g- er y OU a repayment Because as a special offej; we're 

A fast mortage. mortgage, endowment mortgage, not charging our normal £125 

Often, for example, well give or a combination of both. arrangement fee on any application 

you an immediate on-the-spot .How much you can borrow received before 30th June 1986. 

indication of whether or not we can depends of course on how much So if yoifd like a leaflet, just ask 
lend you what you need you can afford to repay. at your local Barclays branch. "Wbll 

. (Even if you need as much as We can take over your present be happy to help, even if you don’t 

£■200,000.) building society or bank mortgage bank with us. 

Then, once you’ve passed the so that you can take advantage of Strictly speaking, we can’t 
normal credit checks and your house our competitive service. promise everyone a mortgage, 

has been valued, well give you a (Just ask for a quotation.) But we can promise not to keep 

firm commitment Usually within Or; if you’d like to improve anyone hanging around waiting 

justafewdays. your home by adding an extension for an answer 

It’s the sort of service that or central heating, we can increase " 

could keep you ahead in a so- your present mortgage. 


Wttten *saifc are avaUbie tram any branch of Barclays or; Home MortgageSecbon, Barclays Bank PIC. Juxon House.94 St St Pauft ClHKtiyMLfliHton EMM 8EH.Forafl mortgages we reqiM a Rrst mori^ over the 
by indexing amipetensivebiiiktas nuance Wealsoreoraa tad mort(p& of Jn approx Me pol^ 

Barclays Bank PLG.H®.Na 1026167. Reg,Qtfice: 54 Lombard Street London EG3P 3AH.Ultimatfi hottngcompany: Barclays PLC. 


The Equitable has recently had an Educa- 
tional Trust established (with ail die tax advan- 
tagesofcharitablestatus^thari designed tosave 
you thousands of pounds on public school fees. 

For example, a single contribution of 
£8,467.08 could, after 10 years, provide 
£48,852 worth of school fees* in total over die 
following 7 years. 

Ar a saving of 82%. 

Or you may prefer to spread the cost by 
making regular contributions. Either way, if 
you're dunking of putting your child's name 
down for public school, put his name down for 
an equitable School Fee Trust Plan. Cut out the 
coupon or phone 01-606 6611 for details. 

*F>gunnuippnK'tl>aiciintaiinimr<tuRjnnBitvntR,4pp<' auhrmariJadt hu cantni 

onfa u uigpmbajndhkc Jtnmn rji« cannot be pwaremi. 

RnTxnrDcnJrd bv NjdmuI KB. 

Tor The EqmnMe Life. FREEPOST, -t Cotanan Street. London EC2B 2JT 
I'd welcome further detail:. on 'txir «&»< fee pirns, financing them tier 
D A cipnal sum; OSpieadjnprne com o»er j pentul. 



I hwhWi-w bkmm: I 

i The Equitable Life i 

L mi mmYou gain because we’re different. mm J 

designed to produce 

Guaranteed Income 

net of all taxes 

- (even highersetums for larger investments) ■ 


• Proven fundmanagement structured to providesgrtifkant growth. 
The combination erf a specially constructed 3 year temporaiy annuity 
(available at all ages) and a growth bond offered by 2 wefl established 
Insurance groups with combined assetsof £ 1 5X00.000,000 provides 
these very attractive returns. The guaranteed income is free of afl taxes. 
It should be noted that the growth bond unfcs can go down as well as 
up but our fund management has achieved In excess of 25% per 
annum growth over the past 5 years. Growth invested is 
always free of basic rate tax. ~ 

Do not delay— act today! 

t^fafingntp^ratre urgent Jcaonreqtfryrf as tf«soWycwa6gi«rtidra»r at rfiortraacr. 

& 0483-67766 

. AnoummUl'fMl 


i H E 





Gold cards are not what they 
were. They still tefl the world 
that you are doing all right — 
earning £20,000 or more — but 
they are not as exclusive as 
they used to be. 

While average wages have 
been rising by 7.5 per cent a 
year for nearly two years, the 
minimum income needed to 
get a gold card has remained 
the same. But although Ameri- 
can Express -asks for earnings 
of £25,000 a year, its average 
gold card man brings m 
£45,000 a year. He can console 
himself that the average green 
card bolder earns just £22,000. 

Is it worth paying as much 
as £50 a year just to let 
shopkeepersand waiters know 
you are well off? The answer 
all depends on the way yon 
organize your affairs — or 
more precisely, your debts. 

If you are paying one of the 
credit card companies, such as 
Access or Bamaycard, a for- 
tune in interest on outstand- 
ing- debts and paying hefty 
bank charges because your 
current account is overdrawn, 
then you may well be better off 
with a gold card. 

The magic ingredient in.the 
gold card mix is the unsecured 
overdraft at 25 per emit over 
bank base rate (now 11.5 per 
cent). That means yon' can 
tidy up an your stray debts 
which are bound to be costing 
you more than 14 per cent and 
get yourself a cut-rate over- 
draft without even having to 
ask your bank manager nicely. 

Most gold cards give you an 
unsecured overdraft up to 
£ 7 , 500 . But the Bank of Scot- 
land Premiercaid will Jet you 
go to £10,000 — even though 
this is the “poor man's" gold 
card only requiring an income 
of £ 1 5,000 a year and charging 
£35 a year, and a £10 joining 
fee. There is no joining fee at 
the Midland and existing' 


Ames green card holders can 
trade up to gold, without 
paying another joining fee. 

National Westminster used 
to have a tie-up with Dinas 
Club, but since the connection 
was severed sax months ago it. 
has been left without a' gold 
card. Not for long, however, a 
gold MasterCard is on its way.. 
NatWest does not want its 
gDded customers to go to the 
competition fix' their gold 
cards. AH the gold card organi- 
zations are happy to take on 
the 22-caral risks even if the 
customer’s current account is- 
elsewhere. - 

The various cards offer 
special perks to entice gold 
card customers. At Barclays 
you can use a bank strong- 
room at a branch where you 
have a current account, free of 
charge. And if disaster should 
strike when yon are abroad 
then you can use Barclays’ 
telephones, photocopiers, ' 

Many do not want 
all these niceties 

telexes and postal services in 
60 different countries. » 

American Express offers the 
Centurion Service — normal ' 
cost £25 - free to gold card 
holders. This gives yon a 
pesonal travel counsellor who 
will book your flights,, holds - 
and hire cars, charge it afl to 
your card, and if time is short, 
deliver documents by courier 
or send them straight to the • 
airport at no extra charge. 

Amex pays its goMcazd man 
twice as much comfort money 
as greencard man when flights 
are delayed or luggage lost 
While greencard mac gets 
£100 for wining and dining . 
away those airport hours, 
goldcard man gets twice as 
much to soften the blow. 

But American Express is not 

NOTES: put is par dc 

Barctaycard/Visa Mid 

7.000 n.w 

oar mek ; pjw i» par 3 mwfci. ‘At 2J5f par OHt 
xtf May batata 6icaifata<*nMManc»a. - 

oaar banffr ; 

dmrg* cAtSpf caot cm 
Soufw Motmy Misgmdne 

prone of American Express cardholders. 

A v&.aga ; 

Percentage wWi “■ 
chtkJren at home 
Average number . 
of holidays 
Average no. 

nights on hofidgv . ■ 
Average no. nights 
away on business • ■ 

Average no. nights . 
business overseas - 

going to have the travel pedes 
sewn, up for' much, longer. 
Thomas Cook, which is 
owned by Midland Bank, is 
stepping in to offer travel 
service — travellers* cheques, 
emergency help and cut rates 
at hotels and car reuttil agen- 
cies — to banks issuing gold 

Midland bank wffl be one. of 
at least 10 banks offering the- 
service to its gold card cus- r 
tomers. The new NatWest 
goldcaid. and the Clydesdale' 
Bank also come into .the 
Mastercard stable. Thomas 
Cook says rather pointedly 
that it is not setting out to 
plunder banks’ plum custom- 
ers, but is offeringa wholesale 
package fix .banks to pass on 
to their hallmarked 

Many people would fed 
that all these niceties stfll .do 
not make it worthwhile paying 
out £40 or £50 n year for the 
offer of an overdraft — espe- 
cially when they can get six 
weeks’ free credit on plain 
ordinary credit cards. 

" There are ways of getting a 
free gold card. Save <fc Prosper 
offers a “free” Robert Fleming 
Premiercaid with its premier 
high interest cheque account' 

Gold mem 

Green man 
. £22400 


There are, of course, a few 
catdxs. The minimum depos- 
it is£l ,000 and if you have less 
than £5,00fr in the account at - 
the end of the month then:. ' 
foere is a £2 ctoge -- but that . 
still only adds 1 up to a maxi- 
mum of £24 a year. • - 

In the mean time, yonr mon- 
ey will be earning 7-85 percent 
net and, as a bonus; the travel 
accident cover of .■£250,000 ' 
tops the lot , ; : . 

Save & Proper wilUeml up 
to £4,000 after anaccountbas 
beat open tix months and 
£1 0,000 after a year unsecured 
at a qurrent rate of 14.62 per 
cent -• a bit above the /stan- 
dard 14. percent on offer from 
the- other gold cards. .‘-We 
don’t mention the overdraft 
■&czlity in our advert&ijg 
because it tends Co attract just 
the sort of customer we don’t 
want,” says Ian Lindsay, Save; 

& Prospers banking manager- - 
“In the early days of the card 
we were turning down 35 per 
cent of applications.'’ 

Save & Prosper wifl also 
tend up to £100,000 secured 
against highly, fiqiod assets,' 
such as bonds rather thari:' 

Vfi s. 

Spofledfi ^AokerTbey’reaB 


Security Man- 

f * ’3 ' • 2 U r- ” : . "Vv - . , 'n HTTTiiT 

• 1 - 1 ^ 


l • v- i» II ‘ I » 'Pk to V 

v f 1 V ' .r 

\ • : v— 7 

Find om about the new growth opportunities 
in Japan. Phone Fidelity’s Investment 
Advisers today before 1 p.m. 
or Monday to Friday 9 JO am. to 530 p.m. 





s o c 


INVEST £1.000 

8 * 30 % 


Triple Bonus, The more voujnw^g- 

..Qur. Triple Bonus Account 
rewards you for investing more. 
So when you increase your in- 
vestment, we increase our rate 
of interest. 

Three hi g h-earnin g rates 

You can open an account 
with just £1 ,000 and you’ll 
attract .8.3% net p.a. straight 
away. Build your deposit up to 
£5,000 and we’ll build the in- 

•• •' ' 



terest rate up to 8.55% net p.a: 
And when you reach. £10,0Q0, 
you’ll be earning 8.8%net p.a., 
one of the highest returns avail- 
able anywhere. 

Short notice, 
or no notice at ai. 

With Triple Bonus, we only 
require seven days notice 
-for withdrawal without loss of 
interest If you leave £10,000 or ■ 

more iTtve&ed, well waive the 
notice period altogether. : ! 

O pen anaccountnow. 

With over 5GQ Bristol and 
Wiest branches and agencies 
around the country, there’s one 
near you with full details; 

Or writo(no st^pTpc(uired)io 
Tnpie Bonus Department Bristol 
and West Building Society, . '• 
FREEPOST, PO Box 27, Broad 

Q(^y, Bdfistca BB997BR. ‘ 

gross rates for our Triple 
Bonus Account are: ' 

£1,000 to £4,999 11,69% p a., 
£5-000 to £9,999 12,04% p.a., 
£10,000 and above 12.39% p.a. 

HMdOttee Bn^Oiw,Brt5WBS^7AX 2^77. Assets tar tfwasJroent by 7Hi3<ees. MemtierofiheBuidirtg S<^t^A£saaadonaria['7v«*«f : ^otacawSctfwrie A^uitei^(staxpadattf>ehaB«ra*B Grossraesareequivalertfar 




— -T5r 

4?--> #*\0/ r 

>K V? J? f J i 

- Vi^‘ 
' - 4 * U * 

-IT' - v " ■ ^ 


It's true to say that many investments m unit 
trusts seem to be made on the basis of “track record Z 
Tbis,ofcourse,isbalanced by thesoberingrealisation 
that todays "flavour of the month * is rarely 

Jt's also true, however; that some of the most 
spectacular gains have been made when the opportu- 
nity has been seized to get in at the ground floor -at 
the initial launch of a new fund with all the 
advantages "new money" can bring. Sometimes, 
these funds have no record to speak of. ■ 

The problem for the investor, then, is how to 
spot an interesting opportunity when it comes up. 

We believe it is here now. A new Management 
Company - but with excellent credentials. A new 
range of Funds - but with parallels of proven success 
as comparisons. 

And a new environment of encouragement for 
investment as exemplified by the Chancellor's 
Budget remarks. 

Thenext few paragraphs will give you the back- 
ground to this, the newest Investment Management 
Company. Judge the prospects for yourself. 


Richard Thornton has spent the last 25 years 
specialising in investment management He was the 
co-founder of GT Management in 1969 and wastheir 
Chief Investment Officer with direct respoasibihty 
for £1.5 billion. 

Thornton es) Co. Limited was established by 
Richard Thornton in early 1984 and is a holding 
company bavingsubsidiaries in the U.K.,HongKong, 
San Francisco, Bermuda and Guernsey. 

The specialist companies which make up 
the Thornton e? Co. Group are today responsible 
for the management of funds in excess of £100 
milli on throughout the world. 

FI JNPS under management. 

We manage five mutual funds denominated 
in U.S. dollars, the majority of which invest in 
Far Eastern markets. 

Regulations don't permit anything more than 
this statement of foot, but yom intermediary or 
Professional Advisor will be pleased to pve you 

further information. 

We also manage three UK. quoted investment 


^ ajooo, of any successful business is to play to 
iis' strengths . Thornton Unit Managers Limited has 
been formed specifically to do just that 

The strengths of the Thornton Group team are 
investment expertise and a considerable prior ex- 
perience and success in the field of unit trusts. 

f NEW \ 

Ricific Basin area, where our office, on the 
spot in Hpng Kong, benefits from additional input 
from San Francisco and the American viewpoint 
as well as from London. 

However, in the choice of these six new unit 
trusts, we are also offering a UJC and General Pund 
for those investors who wish to see part of their 
portfolio devoted to our own domestic market 


Communication and speed of reaction is our 
strong suit With broad experience in international 
marketsandoperatingfrom overseasofficesaswellas 
in London, we have immediate access to information 
on local companies and changes, however rapid, in 
economic and political conditions. 

Because we can react quickly this allows us to 
safeguard investments. 

Our objective is to achieve a high degree of 
capital growth in the long term for our investors, 
rather than theprovision of a regular income. 

Our philosophy is to achieve this through the 
prudent management of our clients’ assets around 
the world, taking advantage of all the opportunities 
our skilled local resources identify and , by the same 
token, using those same skills to minimise the risk 
whenever possible. 


The six unit trusts all have capital growth as 
their investment objective. 


The FT All Share Index has continued to move 
ahead to new record levels during the first quarter of 
1986. With manufacturing industry looking heal- 
thier than it has for a long time, genera/ industrial 
restructuring opportunities are still significant. If 
interest rates move downwards as expected and ster- 
ling continues in its present range against other 
currencies there should be a very positive effcctupon 
economic growth. The sharp fall in the price of oil is 
also a major advantage to manufacturing industry. 

Advised by the London office. 


The U.S.hasthe world's largest economy, with a 
Gross National Product of over S3. 5 trillion in 1985. 
The attraction of an economy as large and broad as 
this is the potential to find successful investment 

Our office in San Francisco enables 
us to anticipate trends and take advantage of 
movements in the market 

Advised by the San Francisco office. 

The Pacific Basin from Japan to Sibcon Valley in 
California has produced the major technological 
advances of the last decade. We believe that many 
technology stocks in this area are currently underva- 
lued and have very good long term growth potential. 

Advised by the London office on information 
provided bytheKongRongand San Franciscooffices. 


The growth in the Japanese economy over the 
last decade has proved remarkably resilient to 
adverse economic conditions such as interest rate 
and currency fluctuations. We believe this growth 
will continue, and coupled with the political and 
economic stability of the country’, the opportunities 
for investment look very attractive particularly now 
following the sharp fall in the price of oil. 

Advised by the Hong Kong office. 


Units are dealt in daily and the prices and the yields are published 
in the FinanaalTimes. Apphamons will be acknowledged, certifi- 
cates for lump-sum investments will be sent to unit holders 
normally within 42 days. Repurchased proceeds will normally be 
forwarded within seven day sof receipt of renounced certificates hv 
the Managers. An initial charge at i istncludedinzheofferpnceof 
ti/urs / current maximum 6“i] An Jnnudl chargeof 1 95'iplus VAT 
of the valve of the Fund is deducted monthly from gross incr>me 
( current maximum 2’W. Remuneration will be paid to authorised 
advisors hv the Managers and rotes are jvailable on request. One 
income distribution will be mjdr each year beginning in 1987 
which will be automatically reinvested in the fund and 
additional units will be purchased at the price ruling on that 
dare unless you instruct otherwise 


investment opportunities will be exploited in 
Hong Kong, the Philippines. Singapore. Malaysia and, 
to the extent permitted South Korea and Taiwan. 
Direct investment is not yet allowed in South Korea 
and Taiwan but the Fund may find opportunities to 
invest in unit trusts in these markets. This Fund will 
exclude Japan and Australia. Regional flexibility 
will enable our Hong Kong office to follow both 
favourable economic trends in individual countries 
as well as spotting special opportunities in under- 
valued companies. 

Advised by the Hong Kong office. 


This Fund is able to invest in all Far Eastern 
markets. Direct investment is not yet allowed in 
South Korea and Taiwan but the Fund may find 
opportunities to invest in unit trusts in these 

Advised by the Hong Kong office. 


You can take advantage of Thornton’s invest- 
ment expertise by investing in any number of our 
new funds, lnvestorsshould.however. regard all unit 
trust investments as long term. 

They should also remember that the price of 
units and the income from them can go down as well 
as up. 

7b invest now, simply complete the application 
form below and return it. together with your cheque. 
The minimum investment in any fund is £500. 

Ttiiiinlonir I. fndCewnlfiinJ |«vion]l J rMinuaeJxrossaaiUn&uuJd&t 

ThnrntonN‘jnhAmcncjnandC*-ncr*lfund JU 1*4 

TAumraiAKriK TSetawIrn fend W J I* 

Thrvnlii/l (jpanar>t)Gin. fund JIS 1% 

Th.-.miomiBCifurd 51 5 l» 

TTiorauwFoTfsiriHKiGtnrMlFDnil -10 4 It, 

The fixed offer pnee of units is 5 Op and this price is valid 
unul 1st May 1986 ■ After the current fixed price offer closes units 
will be valued each day and units may be bought at the offer price 
ruling on the day of receipt of the order. 

The Managers are Thornton Unit Managers Limited. Park 
House. 16 Finsbury Circus. London EC2M 7Df (Registered Office), 
registered in England and Wales No. 2963362. Thornton Unit 
Managers Limited is a member of the Unit Thist Association. The 
Thistec is Midland Bank Thrst Company Limited. 

mo arcjmsuiniMb 

T A 79/4 86 

Surname (Mr' Mrs/ Miss! 

Full Forenames 



Signature — - Date 

linn: jppliLjnts should sign and Rive diMiit icjuratrfv This oiler a 
nor open ■.orcsiJcnrsot i he Repot Itch nd run- U 5 nationals orris idcnie 









To: Thornton Unit Managers Limited. Park House. 16 Finsbury Circus, London 
EC2M 7DI. I' We enclose a cheque made payable to Thornton Unit Managers Limited for 
£ (minimum £ 500 per Fund 1 to be allocated as follows: 

Rive dir Jilt scparatelv This otter n if vnu itquire distributions to be paid to yon instead of being j | 
rcbndn.irEJ 5 naiionahsorrcudcnu ooiommicjllv invested in further units please tick (Jir-box. 1 I 




mt X Wits SaTU RDA Y APRIL 19 



New draft rules being pub- 
lished next week should make 
it easier Tor people buying life 
assurance or savings type 
products to work out just how 
much of their money is being 
invested — and how much is 
going into the pocket of the 
salesman and the company's 

The Marketing of Invest- 
ments Organizing Committee 
(MIBOC) is to produce its 
second attempt to draft rules 
governing the disclosure of 
commissions and other 
charges in sales of life assur- 
ance and unit trust products. 

NllBOCs first set of propos- 
als on this subject was 
oppposed by MPs from both 
sides of the House at the 
committee stage of the Finan- 
cial Services Bill. The prime 
mover was the Conservative 
MP for Bournemouth West, 
John Butterfill. who pressed 
for greater disclosure of infor- 
mation to consumers, of com- 
missions and charges earned 
on sales, particularly of life 
insurance products. 

What the original proposals 
would mean to consumers is 
that all savings products sold 
to them by an .independent 
intermediary would have to 
contain a statement on the 
documentation as to how 
much commission the broker 
had earned on the sale of the 

MIBOCs original proposals 
differentiated between compa- 
ny representatives who sell life 

Closer watch on where your money goes 

W . i Mthar ihl 

insurance products for one 
company only (until recently 
called tied agents), and inter- 
mediaries (usually insurance 
broken) who sell the products 
of more than one company. 

Company representatives 
would not have to disclose the 
amount of commission that 
they earned on sales. But they 
would have to make their 
status clear to consumers as 
well as the feet that they were 
not able to offer independent 

Intermediaries, on the other 
hand, would, according to 
MIBOCs original version, be 
subject to different rules 
which would mean they would 
be obliged to tell the customer 
what commission they had 
earned. Not surprisingly, this 
did not go down too well with 
the insurance brokers who 
argued, quite reasonably, that 
it was unfair that they had to 
disclose commission earned — 
but salesmen who may be 
earning much more did not 

MIBOCs original idea was 
to encourage the setting-up of 
a voluntary commissions 
agreement between life offices, 
which fixed levels of commis- 
sion. Intermediaries selling 
products of companies party 
to this agreement would have 
to disclose only that the 
commissions payable were in 
line with the agreement, which 
would be available for 

You've gott& c/ve then aftbr au ? 

&\/&ZYKtfZ>Y- E.LSfL OOFS'. . . XS S SFEiUCeR, 

If selling a product not 
covered by the agreement,- 
they would have to disdose 
the full amount of the com- 
mission earned and the 
amount that would have been 
payable under the voluntary 
commission agreement 

For obvious reasons this 
was felt to be less than 
satisfactory by a number of 
critics. The stance of Mr 
Butterfill and the MPs who 
backed him, including Bryan 
Gould, Labour’s trade spokes- 
man. was that consumers 

should in all cases know the 
answer to the basic question of 
how mucb of their money was 
invested by the life company, 
and how much was not 

This latter amount would 
encompass not just comrnis- ■ 
sions, but also management 
charges and marketing 

Michael Howard, Minister 
for Consumer and Corporate 
Affairs, referred the question 
of disclosure of' information 
back to MIBOC for reconsid- 
eration. At the committee 

stage he emphasized that he 
would rather this subject be 
dealt with through MIBOC 
rules than detailed provisions 
in the BilL 

On Monday Mr Howard 
indicated that MIBOC would 
be coming up with a formula 
based on disclosure of the 
respective amounts invested 
and eaten up in commissions 
and costs. He said MIBOC 
was examining ‘‘whether it is 
possible to inform people of 
the proportion that is invested 
and the proportion that went 

in commissions and charges”. 

There is, however, a prob- 
lem with using such a formula 
for with-profits policies. This 
arisies because the payment of 
bonuses, such as terminal and 
reversionary bonuses, is hot 
determined at the outset. 

The amount allocated 
through bonuses is sot prede- 
termined — hence the difficul- 
ty in saying which policies 
should bear what proportion 
of the overheads. - 

“Is it right fiw example to 
attribute aU branch expenses 


Here is a booklet which brings together details of the whole range of 
schemes designed to get more people into work. 

It’s called ‘Action for Job£ - and brings together initiatives in the fields 
of training, employment and enterprise. 

The booklet shows the number of schemes in operation - probably far 
more than you thought It explains how they relate to each other to create 
conditions in which employment and businesses can grow and flourish. 

Training for today and tomorrow 
There is an important range of schemes to enable people to acquire 
the skills, and firms to acquire the skilled workforce, r • • 

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Creating new work opportunities 

There are also schemes which help those who have been out of work 
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and the communities in which they live 

Encouraging enterprise 

The creation of flourishing small businesses is a major factor in the 
development of our economy, and for generating new employment oppor- 
unities. This booklet explains the various ways in which enterprise is being . 
helped and encouraged to overcome the many difficulties and obstacles. 

. One thing is common to all: they are . 
designed to help people help themselves and 
create jobs for the future. 

. . . For your copy of the ‘Action for Jobs’ ;; 
booklet send in the the coupon below or pick one 
up at your main Post Office, your local Jobcentre 
or local Unemployment Benefit Office. 

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yam htwetak.} 

Piogiaiwnes 6y flw Dep3rtniert ofCmolayrneni and 

flu? Manpower Services Cawncwr, 

to new business rarher dian 
existing policies?” asks Marc 
Daniels ofEquita We Life. This 
is a problem bul it » noi 

insurmountable- . 

Those who oppose such 
disclosure claim that there is 
another problem in that niff 
disclosure could actually run 
into pages of detailed infonna- 
.tian which would have a 
counter-productive effect. 

' They say policyholders would 
be put off reading the informa- 
tion because there was so 
much of iL 

' This complaint does not 
hold much water, however, as 
the requirement could be sim- 
ply to express , the amount 
invested (and benct the 
amount used to cover market- 
ing expenses and other over- 
heads) as a percentage of the 

One point on which Mr 
Howard was adamant was 
that there should be nomiddle 
ground between company rep- 
resentatives and intermediar- 

This seemed to open the 
door to the age-old problem of 
the tied agent masquerading 
. as an independent ixttennedi- 
ay and selling policies on the 
false premise that he was 
recommending the best prod- 
uct for that particular 

Ken Davy, chairman of 
DBS Finahaal Management 

Services, strongly oppose* 
proposal along iWKB lUKl » 
SdofficiaHy author.* bed 
agents to pve^t te.publ.c tte 
immessioa of independence 
by permitting bin: fo SeH m ore 

thanone company's products, 
Stiile not disclosing h» 
commissanT he says. _ 
Fortunately, there as not 
lifcetv to beany middle ground 
for fee unscrupulous 10 ex- 
ploit in MIBOCs proposals 
next week- Mr Howard re- 
mains firm on this point. 

Ifesavs: “it is likely that the 
initial structure proposed 
going to be left intact (that is. 
Sat of differentiation between 
company representatives and 
intermediaries and theabou- 
tion of the tied agent). I don't 
view the intermediate area 

wth great favour. " 

Meanwhile, the self-regula- 
tion bandwagon rolls on a 
Stile more next week with the 
Life and Unit Trust Regula- 
tory Organization (LA UTRO ) 

sending out a draft prospectus 
to its members 
LAUTRO will be composed 
mainly of insurance compa- 
nies and registered friendly 
societies engaged in the busi- 
ness of sefimg life insurance 
and unit trusts. U will formu- 
late rules primarily governing 
the marketing of these prod- 
ucts, It wiD not be an auihonz- 
ing self-regulatory 

organization — there are sepa- 
rate statutory provisions gov- 
eming insurance companies 
and friendly societies. Nor will 
it govern management of 


Motorists are to get a fairer 
deal from their, insurance 
feank s to the efforts of jour-, 
nafist John Howard and the 
radio 4 programme You and 

Howard has . taken up the 
case of several motorists who, 
thinking they were' compre- 
hensively insured to drive any 
car. borrowed cars fro m a 
garage while their own vehicle 
was being re p air e d . In one 
case tire car was stolen and m 
another the perron had an 
accident. In both instances the 
drivers were fapfrifed to dis- 
cover thar they were not 
covered by their own insur- 
ance policy — m spite of the 
feet that the cover was 
“comprehensive” and allowed, 
them to drive any vehkSe. 

“The problem is the void- 
ing on most certificates of 
insurance,” says John How- 
ard. “A typical certificate wfil 
say something like the 
policyholder may also drive a 
motor car or motor cyde not 
belonging to him and no* 
hired to him under a hire- 

Cerificate wording : 
can be mlsleadijig- 

purchase agreement Most 
drivers take this to mean that 
they have the same compre- 
hensive cover when they drive 
someone else's car as they do 
when they drive their own: 
But they don't The cover 
offered m this situation on 
most policies is simply third 
patty indemnity. Ifthecaryou 
borrow is stolen or damaged, 
you cannot clans on your 

usual comprehensive motor 

, This was precisely the posi- 
tion in which Mrs. Bridget 
Miller Mundy found herself 
She borrowed a car from the 
garage which was repairing her 
own vehicle. Unfortunately 
she had an accident and the 
car was damaged. When she 
tried to claim on her own 
comprehensive motor policy 

New guidelines 
are expected soon 

she discovered she was not 
covded, and the garage is 
refusing to claim on its own 
comp reh ensive policy because 
. it wOHose its no claims bonus. 

But it now looks as though 
the situation will be changed. 
The Insurance Ombudsman 
in his recent annual report 
said that the wording of 
certificates of insurance was 
misleading. And the Associa- 
tion of British Insurers is now 
reviewing the situation. It 
looks , as though they will be 
issuing guidelines to insurers 
suggesting alterations to the 
wording of certificates of in- 
surance io make the position 

The irony of the situation is 
that although you are not 
automatically covered, if you 
ring ypur insurance company 
and tell them that you are 
about to drive a car which 
doesn't belong to you, they 
will usually give you fully 
comprehensive cover as a 
matter of course for no extra 


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T* V / 

Which spelling is correct? 

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To: The Literary Guild, 

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Letters in the post to 
avoid a cash crisis 


There appears to be at least 
one beneficiary from the fi- 
nancial problems at the Unit- 
ed Kingdom Provident 
mutual life group - the Post 

Following UKPl's forced 
merger 11 days ago with the 
Friends' Provident group after 
its traumas with speculative 
oil and gas investments, a 
frenetic two-way exchange of 
letters is taking place between 
the other major life groups 
and insurance intermediaries. 

The problems at UKP1 
provided a nasty shock for the 
300,000 policyholders who 
held with-profits life and pen- 
sions plans with the Salisbury- 
based group. 

They found their interim 
reversionary and terminal bo- 
nuses cut by 10 per cent and 
were told the next declaration 
of reversionary bonuses would 
be deferred until December 

Many disenchanted policy- 
holders promptly called up the 
intermediaries who advised 
them to take a UKPI policy. 

Since then, the intermediar- 
ies have been firing off circular 
letters to the life groups seek- 
ing assurance — no pun in- 
tended! — that no other 
company is likely to trave 1 

The worries of a 
company that had 
a simi lar name 

down a similar road. 

In return, the life companies 
have been drafting brief state- 
ments outlining their financial 
strength and priming extra 
copies of their Department of 
Trade returns, the tedious, 
bulky documents which list 
how ‘and where they invested 
their funds with far greater 
detail than can be found in the 
annual reports. 

The result at the end of this 
chain letter excercise will, 
everyone hopes, be that all 
parties involved in the insur- 
ance world — the life groups, 
the intermediaries and. most 
importantly, the general pub- 
lic - will sleep that much 
more soundly in their beds. 

It is a matter of dispute who 
initiated this drive to clear the 

air from a foggy episode that 
could have had serious reper- 
cussions for the life assurance 

Intermediaries claim they 
were dashing off letters to the 
life offices as soon as the 
UKPI problems became pub- 
lic and say the companies 
themselves should have done 
more to calm any public 

The life groups, on the other 
hand, say nearly all the inter- 
est shown by the 
intemediaries was stimulated 
by a letter the agents received 
early last week from the 
National Provident Mutual 

National Provident, pre- 
sumably worried that its name 
would become confused in the 1 
public mind with UK Provi- 
dent. disclosed its proportion 
of free reserves to liabilities in 
order to put its agents' minds 
at ease. 

NPI put this figure at a 
healthy 38 percent, compared 
with the ner\e-wracking 7 per 
cent which existed at UKPI 
before the whistle was finally 
blown by the Department of 

Scottish Amicable is one 
major life group that is follow- 
ing NPl’s example after a 
number of inquires from 
agents around the country. 

Maurice Paterson the 
group's general manager for 
sales and marketing, said the 
letters should be in the post 
next week. Analysts estimate 
it will put the group's free 
reserves ratio at something 
around 33 per cent — the 
industry average for the top 
dozen institutions. 

Mr Paterson is firm that the 
UKPI episode was definitely a 
one-off. "If you’d have looked 
at the figures for all the life 
offices you would have seen 
one out of order — UKPI. 
They were quite out on a 
limb." he said 

Mr Paterson said the free 
reserves ratios of the other top 
life companies ranged from 26 
to 55 percent but warned that 
intermediaries and the public 
should not compare them 
strictly on a "league table” 
basis in which the company 
with the highest ratio was the 

he said; “There are lots of 
caveats we’re asking agents to 
bear in mind. Companies use 
different valuation methods 
for their figures. Some have a 
good deal of foreign business, 
others have none, while the 
proportion of non-profits 
business, such as unit-linked, 
also varies greatly from com- 
pany to company. 

“ .And remember, if a 
company has very high re- 
serves it might mean that it is 
paying out less in bonuses to 
policyholders. The list of top 
past performers would not 
correspond to the companies 
with the highest reserves." 

While intermediaries will 
no doubt feel happier with 
these letters in their files, 
many would still like the life 
companies to be more open 
with their policyholders about 
where the money from with- 
profits premiums is being 

“I'd like to see with-profits 
funds broken down into more 
understandable analysis rath- 
er than just the 
equities/gilts/property split 
we see now in the annual 
reports." said investment ad- 
viser Stephen Lansdown of 
Hargreaves Lansdown in 

"There should be particular 

Hopes for more 
realism in the 
bonus projections 

reference to money invested 
in speculative ventures — 
something along the lines on 
which a unit trust discloses its 
investments. Nobody comes 
near to doing that.” 

Lansdown also hopes there 
will be other lessons from the 
UKPI affair - in particular, 
that life companies will be 
more realistic in their bonus 
projections and make crystal 
clear that these are not 

However, for the moment, 
Lansdown and other interme- 
diaries are happy enough to 
agree with the life companies 
that the chances of another 
UKPI coining along appear 

Richard Lander 

\HUSf 'KUStf /7X 71 UP Lie. -r>t vcl/i 

Covering for legal costs 
is now the best policy 

As a result of the escalating 
costs of litigation and the 
reduction in the cumber of 
people qualifying for legal aid 
there has been an unprece- 
dented growth in "legal 
expenses" insurance. 

The Law Society is in favour 
of legal expenses insurance. 
Its spokeswoman said: “We 
recommend this sort of insur- 
ance but people should shop 
around for the type of cover 
and the terms that they need." 

Basically there are two dif- 
ferent sorts of polky for the 
individual. First there are 
“add-on" policies covering le- 
gal costs such as those for 
“uninsured loss recovery”, and 
secondly there are policies 
providing a more broad-based 
and expensive indemnity 
against a variety of legal fees. 

. Uninsured ioss recovery 
policies cannot usually be 
purchased separately. They 
are sold as a supplement to 
motoring insurance. Usually 
they provide you with £25,000 
of legal costs to pursue claims 
which may not be covered by 
your motor insurance, such as 
accident damage, excess re- 
covery, hire charges and injury 
to driver and passenger. Com- 
panies such as IRPC, Hambro 




Target on 

The women who 
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out of fashion 

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there was Fonda 




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The myth of 
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satellite TV 
comes of age 


Sunday isn’t Sunday without the 
Sunday Times 








Cost of cover 




Amount of fees per claim 




Consumer dispute 




(minimum amount) 

Contracts of employment 




Tax problems. 











Cost of maximum cover 




Amount of legal toes per claim 




Inheritance disputes 




Tax problems 








Legal Protection, DAS Legal 
Expenses, and John Holman 
and Sons Ltd offer these 
policies. The premiums vary 
slightly between companies as 
they depend on how modi the 
insurance brokers add on as 
commisskm. You can expect to 
pay between £5 and £8 a year. 

AD the companies insist on 
a minimum amount that has to 
be in dispute in consumer 
matters before the legal fees 
are met All exclude legal fees 
for disputes relating to major 
building works, landlord and 
tenant inheritance, convey- 
ancing and matrimonial 

While there is a rapid 
gro wth in “add-on" supple- 
ments to motor policies, sepa- 
rate folly fledged legal 
expenses policies are also big 

Policies from IRPC, Legal 
Advisory Club, Legal Benefits 
Ltd, Family Legal Benefits 
and DAS, Family Legal Pro- 
tection are among those on 
offer. They all provide varying 
cover for motor and consumer 
legal protection but there are 
some important exclusions on 
some of the policies. 

Legal Benefits Ltd offers 
legal expenses insurance for 
divorce or legal separation. 
There is no cover during the 
first year of the policy. There- 
after the total maximum cover 
for both parties’ expenses is 
£250 in year two and £1,000 

imi v im am from year three 

Both IRPC and DAS ex- 
clude cover for legal fees for 
lease or tenancy disputes re- 
lating to “a Modi of flats”. 
This seems to mean there is no 
cover for legal fees for flat 
owners who have a service 
charge dispute if they live in a 
Mock of more than four flats. 

Another sur prisi ng exclu- 
sion by these two companies is 
cover for fees for disputes 
relating to “the construction, 
conversion or extension of 
buildings”. According to DAS 
this BW«w< that disputes relat- 
ing to mmnr alterations or 
repair works may be covered 
hot there is no cover for legal 
fees for disputes that yon may 
have with a builder if he 
carried out major works such 
as an extension. 

Tina Douglas, of Legal 
Benefits Ltd, said: “We have 
no such exclusions.” 

• The companies mentioned 
are: IRPC StockweD House, 
New Buildings, Hinckley, 
Leicestershire; Hambro Legal 
Protection, Hambro House. 
East HiQ, Colchester, Essex; 
DAS, 5 Welsh Back, Bristol; 
Legal Benefits Ltd, 31 St 
Nicholas Way, Sutton, Surrey; 
John Holman & Sons Ltd, 
John Holman House, The 
Broadway, Wickford, Essex. 


Clarets are the 

- — 1 

tasty choice, 
despite winter 




Wine merchants report strong 
demand for Clarets of the 
1985 vintage - a year , of 
distinct investment potential. 
Already several leading wines 
have been sold out for the 
initial allocation. 

The harvest followed Erwm- 
trr in the Bordeaux region 
which was hard but. without 
causing damage in the vine- 
yards. A cold, stormy spring 
followed with had. The Mertot 
grape — a prolific vine in St 
Emiiion and Pom era! arid, a 
necessary ingredient in quality 
Medoc — suffered irregular 

Development was affected 
by the long, dry summer 
which concentrated the grapes 
and reduced acid leveh. How- 
ever, showers in late August 
and September redressed the 

The resulting harvest was 
good in quality with grapes 
picked in a sound condition. 
Some estates repotted prob- 
lems during vinifeatiou owing 
to higher than normal tem- 
peratures. The better cha- 
teaux, such as Second Growth 
Lascombes from the Maxgaux 

General colour is 
rich and deep 

Commune, ensured quality 
production through tempera- 
ture control techniques. The 
wine maker, Rene Vannateile. 
says he has high expectations 
of this vintage developing into 
an exceptional wine. 

The wines generally have a 
rich deep colour with above 
average tannin — a good sign 
for longevity — and with good 
alcoholic content for Bor- 
deaux. The concentration of 
flavour suggests the wine wiD 
be between the 1982 and 1983 
in Sty le- 

Two opening offers sue 
being made next week, both 
with Cru Classe for later 
saleroom appeal and bour- 
geois wines. Greens, of 34 
Royal Exchange, London 
EC3, has more than 30 wines, 
including the notable Chateau. 
Talbot at £126, Calon-Segurat 
£136.20, Gruaud Larose at 
£147.60, Beychevelle at 
£196.80 and Lyncb-Bages at 
£200.40. Several minor estates 
which regularly produce 
charming wines for drinking 
within five to six years are also 
listed. They offer a discount 
on orders of six dozen battles. . 

Harveys, of Whitchurch 
Lane, Bristol, BS99 7JE has an 
extensive list In the Medoc I . 
would single out for apprecia- 
tion potential, Cos 
dTEstounael at £&1 55, Ducru- 
Beaucailkni at £185, Palmer (a 
wine keenly bid for by Ameri- 
can investors) at £197.20 and 
Leo vfll e-Barton at £101.25. 
An exceptionally low price of 
£56.35 is being asked for 
Cbieau Batailley. .. 

The Graves district is grow- 
ing in popularity. Harveys 
offers Haut Bailly at £95 and 

Pape Clement — a Grand -Cru 
Classe — at £138.75, with 
Greens listing Smith Haut 
Lafitte at £85.20. 

In St Emiiion the Fonroque 
estate's wine is quoted at £79 
and in Pomeral, Clas L 
at £107.85, in both cases 


Prices quoted are per dozen 
bottles excluding VAT for 
payment in one month. Mag- 
nums are an additional C2.3U 
— wdl worth the extra for the 
later auction demand. Deliv- 
ery will be in late 1987 or 
spring 1988 a for 
freight, excise duty at the rate 
then ruling and clearance from 
bond — an estimated £1 1 per 
case —plus VAT. 

A third merchant. Caves de 
la Madeleine (301 Fulham 
Road, SW10 9QH) has ex- 
tended its range of 2985 
Clarets to include Prieure* 
Ucbine at £98, La Gaffeliere 
at £148, Pichdn-Longuevilfe- 
Lalande at £205 and Branaire- 
Ducru at £128, with discounts 
negotiable on orders of three 
cases and above. 

These 1985 vintage offers 
are made against a buoyant 
auction . background. 
Christie's bad an almost 
record number .of commis- 
sions prior to its sale on April 
3. which indicates the appeal 
of postal bids and commis- 
sions left at the tasting stage. 
Many lots exceeded the top 
end of their estimates. 

Notable prices included 
£560 for Chevai-Kanc 1970. 
£520 for Palmer 1970 and 
£780-£84G for Mouton-Roth- 
scfiild 1966. At their earlier 
Bordeaux safe; demand con- 
tinued firm for the 1982 
vintage as wdl as for the 
classic years of the 1970s. 
Thor next mqjor Claret auc- 
tion is on May 8. 

Sotheby’s befd a major sale 
on Wednesday with no less 
than 31 different 1982 Carets 
and keen demand for the 
mixed parcels on offer. They 
are to sdl fine wines in 
Geneva an May 12 and an 
extensive quality range in 
London on May 28 including 
vintage Part 


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services with no minimum 

Phone 0532 436941 today. 

Or wtmc in Rcdnwvne - U nifr >. 
Merlon House. 84 AlbkwSl.LrofeLSI BAG 



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Adam & Company, 


Citibank Samost - — 
Catsofefated Crds.-~ 
Coitimrtal Tni9..~ 
Co-operative 8anfc_ 

& tot & Co 

Lloyds Bat*- 

tat Westminster. 



. 1100 % 


- 11 . 00 % 
— 11H0% 

Bank of Scotland 1100% 

1100 % 

Ci&an* J14»% 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 


National & Provincial Building Society 
announces that in accordance with rule 44(5) 
of the Society Rules the result of the postal 
ballot for the election of Directors' conducted in 
accordance with rule 48 of the Rules is as follows: 

JB Downs 
L Lambert 
A P Miller 
R J Newton 
J F Richardson 
K Rushworth 








The counting of votes was completed on 7 April 1986 and as a 
result of the ballot Messrs. Downs, Miller Newton, Richar dson 
and Rushworth were duly elected. 



Building Society 

TELEPHONE 0274 733444 



Golden rules for those 

without a Midas touch 




memw w3 

aVi. vV f:.. 

£ $ 

& ~i&. ii 

?0E ';"= ^ 

V' 4 , 

m H 


^V- >'cs 


- Jujf's^jsr 



JZ--'.. t 



Family Money received a 
plaintive plea last week from a 
reader desperate to under- 
stand ravesunem, but baffled 
& by the literature that thuds 
regularly through his 
letterbox, a9 of which appears 
to promise tbe.eanh. 

Mr Tborwefl wrote that he 
was SO years old, about to 
receive a £40,000 tax-free 
redundancy payment and an 
annual pension of £7,000. He 
had filled in a leaflet in Money 
Magazine to be put on a 
mailing list and the response 
was so overwhelming that 
“tie Post Office- is" laying on 
extra staff to handle my mail”. 
Mr' Thorwell said he .fen 
totally intimidated, the 
whole exerciser. 

^ He said: “The offer I have 
“ received is once in a lifetime. I 
don't need mistakes. I am 
dealing with a profession who 
take their commission and 
promise nothing. Put my 
mind at rest — tdlme I can put 
my faith in all fund manage 
aim 1 will live happily ever 
after jifyou cannot I would bo 
grateful for some guidance.** 

Sadly, it is not possible io 
put Mr ThorwelTs mind at 
rest by giving all fund manag- 
ers a clean bin of health. ' 
Guidance is therefore re- 
quired, but the problem is to 
whom to go. . 

It is essentia] to go to 
> someone whais either li- 
censed by the Department of 
Trade and Industry or is a 
member of a setfregulatory 
organization under the new 
investor protection legisla- 
tion. Members of the Stock 
Exchange and National Asso- 
ciation of Securities Deafen 
and Investment Managers _ 
(Nasdim) are the obvious 

It is also sensible to choose 
an independent advises; that . 
is, someone who has freedom 
ofehoke over the products he 
sells and is rah tied to one 
insurance company or other 
financial institution. The 
Stock Exchange and Nasdim 
give out lists of members to ' 
‘■ 6 the public - 

Family Money asked three 
financial planning experts 
what they would advise Mr 
Thorwell to do if he came to 
them. AU made the prant thar 

Mr ptocweD was young to be 
retiring and would therefore 
need to ensure that his capital 
grew as well as just being used 
to produce an immediate 

.Stephen Cooke, 'managing 
director of financial services at 
Montagu LoeU Stanley, the 
stockbroker owned by Save A 

— — — « uw i. mi *Maai 

Montagu Loebl Stanley, the 
stockbroker owned by Save A 
Prosper, suggested putting 
£10,000 into an “income 
booster 0 back-to-back 10-year 
plan. £10,000 into gift-edged 
.stocks and £20,000 mto high 
income unit trusts. 

Theincrane booster, sold by 
insurance companies, would 
be highly tax-effective and 
ararantre a fixed income for 
10 years, regardless of interest 
rate fluctuations. With inter- 
est rates expected to &B 
during the next two to three 
years, the attractions in c re ase. 
At the end of 10 years the 
capital sum would be repaid in 
full, assuming bonus rates are 

1 Sensible to elect an 
independent adviser 

mai n tained at existing levels. 
The income would be £76.52 a 
month net 

Gilts have the advantage of 
giving some capital apprecia- 
tion and are easily accessible, 
if Mr Thorwell decides he 
wants to realize some money 
quickly. Mr Choke estimated 
they would produce a monthly 
income of £53.25. 

Finally, high income unit 
trusts have a good capital 
appreciation record as well as 
yielding an income and would 
provide a monthly income of 
. £65.08. Mr ThorwelTs total 
ran income from h is invest- 
ments would be £194.85. 

Mr Cooke said it would be 
pbssiUelo get perhaps £100 a 
month more by going just for 
income, but this would not be 
advisable in view of Mr 

Peter.. Barratt of Ashworth 
Sons & Barratt, the Manches- 
ter stockbroker, also suggested 
a high equity content to ensure 
capital appreciation. He advo- 
cated' putting £20,000 into 
direct equities because of the 
fevocnaWe outlook for compa- 
ny profits in View of felling oil 
prices, inflation and interest 
rafts. ' - - . 

He said be would encourage 
.Mr Thorwell to take an inter- 
est in lus portfolio. Mr 
Thorwell would have the op- 
tion of having total pan or no 
discretion over his choice of 
. stocks. Ideally, Ashworth 
would like to have discretion ; 
over about 30 per cent. Mr j 
Barratt pointed out that allow- 
ing clients discretion over 
smallish sums of money was a 
luxury allowed by provincial 
brokers, which London bro- 
kers could often not afford. 

Our thud expert, Fred Gkrr 
of stockbroker Ca pel-Cure 
Myers, said it would be too 
risky for Mr ThorweQ to play 
the stock market by himself 
He suggested splitting the 
money three ways between a 
building society account, gflts 
and unit trusts. 

He said that unless an 
investor had the nerve to sit 
■ through a bad patch on the 
stock market,' which could 
wed foDow the current bull 
phase, he should not be in 
equities at alL 

Mr Care's three golden rules 

• Do not believe an adviser 
who extrapolates past growth 
"to guarantee future 

• Do not get into anything too 
complicated or expensive to 
get out of 

• Never assume every thing 
win work out as expected. 

Family Money’s golden 
rules are to infbnn yourself as 
much as you possibly can and 
ask as many questions as you 
can about commission rates 

Mr Thorwell asked why 
there are not evening classes 
in investment In feet there 
are. The Inner London Educa- 
tion Authority runs courses 
entitled Principles of Invest- 
ment and The Stock Exchange 
and the Small Investor, which 
deal with die practice and 
technique of investment and 
the interpretation of company 
reports and accounts and 

There are also books on the 
subject. They include Stephen 
Rose's Fair Shares, the Which 
Book qf Money, Beginner's 
Please, published by Investors 
Chronicle, and How The Stock 
Exchange Works, by Norman 
WhetnaU, published by Flame 


Current account- no Merest pakL 
Deposit accounts - mmni days, 
notice required fax withdrawals: 
Barclays 5^5 par cent, Uoyds 5.25 
per cam. Midland 5JS par cent. 
NatWest &2S per cant, National 
Girobank 525 per cant fixed term 
deposits El 0.000 to E2A999 : 1 
month 7.125 per cent, 3 months 
6.62S per cent, B months 6-375 per 
cent (National WSstmlnstar); t 
month BJ334 per cant 3 months 
626 per cent. 6 months 558 per 
cant (MKflandV Other banks may 


Fund nm CNM TMapram 


monSfyfnc. 122 Ul 0163863TO 

B at ScMInd im 7S3 018288060 

Dmott Account 

ei-M-mase 7 . 757 . 9 s Dismiss? 


same. Income taxable, payoa grces. 

three months notice of withdrawal. 
Minimum investment or £5.000 in 
mutates of £1500. Maximum 

NaticmM SevMg* 3rt tnd*»4jnked 

Maximum investment - £5.000 
excluding hoktings of ether issues. 
Return tax-free and lofted to 
changes m the retail pnee index. 
Supplement erf 2J> per cam in me 
first year, 2-75 per cam in the 
second. 325 per cent in the tfurd. 4 
per cent m the fourth, and 525 per 
cent m the fttm. Value of Recrement 
issue Certificates purchased m 
Marsh 1981. £15120 . inckxirn 
bonus and supplement March fi Pi 
381.6 . (The new RPI figure is net 
announced until the third Meek ef 
lha fonowmg month). 

National Savings Certificate 
3ist issue. Return totally tree of 
inaxTW and capital gains tax, equiv- 
alent to an annual interest rate over 
the five-year term of 725 per cent 
maxwiian inve st m e nt £5.000 
National Saving* Yearly Plan 

ei.axK9.99e 7.75 7ss 

CIOjOOO S onr BOO 62* 
GrarMMcal 7S6 7J* 

Honmr MU Plus 795 635 
MFC Trod 7 d*y 650 898 012308391 


CtMquaACGOint 7 56 793 01 830 5757 

UOWsWCA 800 89* 078281500 
MSG MCA 7.56 793 01826*588 

800 82* 01 628 1587 

756 75* 01 6882777 





Hound MCA . 
C2O00-ES9S9 7: 

£10030 ml CMT 7. 
im Spec Rwwve 
ezjBaiissm 7 j 
eioooo 6 am r: 

Oppanhoow Uonay 

750 771 
775 796 

87*2 2D99B 

793 795 Of 7261000 
7.75 798 017261000 

Alison Eadie 

under £10500 7.76 X00 012389362 

OMtCIDlOOD 795 SOB 01 23B9362 

S&PCU 793 79* 070868906 


£2500 to E9JH0 798 793 0705 B27733 

OMr £10900 797 793 0705627733 

TUMSRHiyGaa 892 893 012360952 

T&R70W S 42 8.78 012300952 

TyndMcsS 7.7*756 0272 7322*1 

TyrxM7*r 793 795 0272 732241 

lfflT7ow 631897 01026*681 

Wtsam frost 

1 raondi 798 793 0732281101 

LIOHtfiintDfl|).62S 6*2 013883211 
CHAR - Coo«mmM N* MiUl ItaU. 
Figum an thi Utsst mWX ■ «w tins of 

National Sttvfcm Bwak 
Orcfinaiy account* — Me mintauB 
balance of £100 melntalnad for 
whole at 1986, 6 par cent Interest 
djl for each complete month wfnnr 
balance to over £500. otherwise 3 
percent inve s tment Account -itJ 
per cent Merest paid without de- 
duction erf tax. one months notice of 
withdrawal, maximum inve s tment 

National Savings Income Bond 
Minimum investment £2.000. maxi- 
mum £50.000. mtsresnZQO par 
cent variable at six weeks notice 
paid monthly without deduction of 
tax. Repayment of 3 months notice. 
Penalties m first year. 
ruuovNu oivBigi ummmn hicocm 
B ond 

Start rate monthly Income for first 
year# per cent , Increased at end of 
each year to match Increase in 
prices as measured by RtotaD Prices 
index. Cash value remains the 

are labie to change daily. 

Further detail available from Char- 
tered Institute of PubOe finance £ 
Accountancy. Leans Bureau (638 
6381 between 10 am and 2U30pm) 
see also prestel no 24606. 
hhIi Sb j sodetiea 
Ordinary share accounts - 6.00 per 
cant Extra Merest acco unt s usual- 
ly pay 1-2 per earn over ordinary 
share rate. Rates quoted above are 
those most commonly offered. Irafl- 
vtduaJ building societies may quote 
different rates. Interest on aa ac- 
counts paid net of basic rate tax. 
Not redaimaite by non-taxpayers. 
Foreign cunoucy deposits 
Rates quoted by Rotheehftrs Old 
Cout I nte rnational Reserves 0481 
26741. Seven days notice is re- 
quired fax withdrawal and no charge 
Is made for switching cure news. 
Sterling 109* per cent 

US dollar 655 per cant 

Yen 492 per cant 

D Mark 3.76 per cent 

French Franc 796 per cent 

Swiss Franc 298 per cent 


Seven DayNatice ■ Ftodble Account 
Account WrtHTWbB .OPENWn^™ I 

8 * 50 %| 9 * 00 % 

=11.97* GROSS ■ - =12.67* GROSS. 

Independent Unit Trust 
Portfolio Management 

Fw details of our services and performance record, please complete the 
- coupon trod return ft to: Bcrrv Asset Management Ltd., 48 Brook Street, 

London, WlY 1YB. Td: 01-629 0400. 





# | l# rl 


8ERSY Asrer MANimmT 

Berry Asset Management Ltd., 48 Brook Street, London, WlY 1YB. 

Haiinum is one oTthe rarest HKials on earth and . 
(XK of tbc most valuable, liisproduccd in • . 

oicqjtiooallysmal] quantities and die total worid a 

compared with about IJOOtonnesrfg 
Much ofibe ptenmnn produced is 

ledmology appltcatiorisanda _ 
s^nificam proportion is made into 

always in demand. Iris also a readily 
tradeable commodity. , 

Now Johnson Manbey platinum 
baisare availabk to the pfiYaie 1 

investor. Of course, l&e any other 
Kvesmtem. the valued: 
pbiimim ran fall as well 3S t 

ratparticularfy in the short term. \ 

But the price k«A| has 

neariy q uadrup l ed d anagflie 

mgt decade and over a sfemar 

inflation, too, V \ 

Johnson Atodteyptotminnbsis are 

produced mc$it sizes up to IDaz tn» 
fyh ii« heing mfHvidafluy nmrfiged. 

\butantatepossesstonoftbcbatsmthc . 

UK, in which case VOT must be ' ' 

Ahmwrivriy. thevcanbe hdd in said ewteg l\_^gSgS 

at our twits hi Jersey or Zurab, in whidi case no ! 

-LjffT yKgM/ feam at aav time. For fuD mfonnatKM on 
Jn^v nAtolhcy plabnum bars, md any plkatmo fonn. amply 


Further strong 
profit growth 

O profit before tax up 26% 

0 earnings per share up 25% 

O dividend up 33% 

“A further strong profit increase for 1983 confirms the 
continuing success of our strategic reorientation and 

— Mr Jonathan Taylor, Managing Director. 


Law Report April 19 1986 House of Lords 

Time begins to run before 
case can be started 

maximum £200 . Return over fhra 
years & 19 per cant; tax free. 

National Savings Deposit Bend 
Minimum investment £100 , maxi- 
mum £50.000 . Interest 12 per cent 
varabie at six weeks notice credited 
annuatiy without datfctcbon of tax. 
Repayment at three months notice. 
Han interest only paid on bonds 
repaid during first year. 

Local Authority Yeaiting Bonds 
12 months fixed rate mvesonents 
interest BAs, per cent basic ran tax 
deducted at source (can be re- 
claimed by non^axpayar). minimum 
investment £1.000. purchased 
through stockbroker or bank, 
guaranteed Income Bonds 
Return paid ner of basic rate tax; 
higher rate taxpayers may have a 
further liabtMy on maturity. 1 yrNaw 
D we cnon finance - 7.7% 223 yrs 
Gen. Portfofio - 7.6%, 4 yrs Prov. 
Cap. -7.75%, 5 yrs Black Horse Life 
- B% . 

Local ao thoiHy town hafl bonde 
fixed term, fixed rate investments, 
interest quoted net (basic rate tax 
deducted at source non redaim- 
abis) lyr Northampton 7.1% - 2yrs 
Rotherham 7.43% - 3-Syrs Bourne- 


To: The Company Secretary 
Booker McConnell pic 
tent House Telegraph Street 
London EG? 7LN 

Pleose send me a 
copy of the Annual I 
Report ond Accounft | 

Name — 

4 v'. V. * ■ 

3 i*. * 

’ A 


T W 68 

Se>coa Ltd v Lucas CAV Ltd 
Before Lord Keith of Kinkel, 
Lord Fraser of Tuilybelton. 
Lord Brandon of Oak brock. 
Lord Mickay of Gashfern and 
Lord GofT of Cnieveky 
[Speeches sold April 17] 

Where acts, alleged to infringe 
a claim in a patent application, 
were corn mined after publica- 
tion of the complete specifica- 
tion but before leitere parent had 
been granted, a cause of action 
in respect of Lhose acts accrued, 
and time began to ran for the 
purposes of ibe Limitation Act 
ISSO. when the acts were 
committed, even though, under 
the Patents Act I*U9. proceed- 
ings for infringement could not 
be instituted until the patent 
had been sealed. 

The House of Lords so held in 
dismissing an appeal av the 
plaintiffs. Sevcon Ltd. from the 
derisior. of the Court of Appeal 
(Lord Justice Oliver. Lord Jus- 
tice Mustill and Sir Roualeyn 
Cumming-Bruce) on May 24, 

| 1985 who upheld the dismissal 
j by Mr Justice Falconer on 
November 9, 1984 of their 
action for infringement of pat- 
ent bv the defendants, Lucas 
CAV Ltd. 

Section 2 of the 1980 Act 
provides: “.An action founded 
on tort shall not be brought after 
the expiration of six years from 
the date on which the action 

Section 13(4) of the 1949 Ac. 
provides: “.After the date of 
publication of a complete 
specification and until the seal- 
ing of a patent in respect thereof, 
the applicant shall have the like 
privileges and rights as if a 
patent for the invention had 
been sealed on the dare of 
publication of the complete 
specification: Provided that an 

applicant Shall not be entitled to 
institute any proceedings for 
infringement until the patent 
has been scaled." 

Mr Stephen Gratwick, QC 
and Mr Henry Carr for the 
plaintiffs; Mr David Young. QC 
and Mr Guy Burkill for the 

LORD MACKAY said that in 
1967 the plaintiffs applied for 
letters patent in respect of 
improvements to static switch- 
ing controllers. The complete 
specification was fifed on June 
7. 1968 and published on April 
7. 1971. 

Opposition proceedings fol- 
lowed and amendment was 
allowed. The letters patent were 
sealed on October 6. 1982 and 
dated June 7. 1968. 

On February 21. 1984 the writ 
in the present action was issued 
complaining of acts of infringe- 
ment of the patent by the 
defendants between 1974 and 
1977. The defendants obtained 
the dismissal of the action 
rching on section 2 of the 
Limitation Act 1980. 

The dispute between the par- 
ties was whether the cause of 
action accrued when the acts of 
alleged infringement were 
committed or when the letters 
patent were granted. 

It was his Lordship's conclu- 
sion that section 13(4) of the 
Patents Act 1949 provided 
rights to an applicant for letters 
parent immediately after the 
publication of the complete 
specification and that, if he was 
in a position to allege that acts 
had been committed which 
constituted infringement of any 
claim of the complete specifica- 
tion as published, he had a cause 
of action from the date of those 
acts, although he might sub- 
sequently lose that cause of 
action by failing to obtain a 

patent or by the complete 
specification being amended in 
such a way that those acts no 
longer constituted 


If such an applicant were to 
institute proceedings for 
infringement before the patent 
was sealed, the procedural 
requirement of the proviso m 
section 13(4) of the 1 949 Act 
would not have been satisfies 
but a statement of claim could 
not be struck out as disclosing 
no cause of action, although it 
might be liable to be struck out 
as an abuse of the process of the 

The plaintiffs contended that 
the conclusion set out above 
would lead to results which 
offended the policy of Par- 
liament as manifested by the 
1980 Act as a whole, and that 
time was not intended to run 
where a person was not in a 

position to pursue his ciaim. 

Thc true principle, however, 
Mas that time ran generally 
when a cause of action accrued 
and that bars to enforcement of 
accrued causes of action which 
were merely procedural did not 
prevent the running of time 
unless they were covered by one 
of the exceptions provided in 
the 1980 Act itself. 

The period of six years from 
the date of the complete 
specification appeared amply 
sufficient in the light of the 
prox isions of the relevant rules 
for all that Parliament might 
have anticipated as taking place 
between the publication of the 
complete specification and the 
sealing of the letters patenL 

Lord Keith. Lord Fraser. Lord 
Brandon and Lord Goff agreed. 

Solicitors; Baker & 
McKenzie: Bristows Cooke & 

Homosexual display can be held 
to be insulting behaviour 

i Masterson and Another v 

Before Lord Justice GlideweU 
and Mr Justice Schiemann 
; [Judgment given April 18] 

An overt display of homosex- 
ual conduct in a public place 
might well be considered as 
conduct that was insulting even 
though the conduct was not 
aimed at a particular person or 

Each case had to be read in the 
light of its own particular tacts 
and it was a matter for the 
justices to conclude from the 
facts whether the particular 
activity was insulting. 

The Queen’s Bench Di- 
visional Court so held when it 
dismissed the appeals of Simon 
Thomas Masterson and Robert 
Matthew Cooper from the de- 
cision of Marlborough Street 
Justices on August 7, 1984, 
when they found the defendants 
guilty of using insulting behav- 
iour whereby a breach of the 
peace might have been occa- 
sioned, contrary to section 
54(13) of the Metropolitan Po- 
lice Art 1839. 

The justices ordered the 
defendants should be discharged 
absolutely and bound over to 
keep the peace in the sum of 
£100 for 12 months. 

Mr Adrian Fulford for the 
defendants; Mr Victor B. A. 
Temple for the prosecutor. 


G LID EWELL said that the 
defendants were seen by two 
couples at 1.55 am on June 1 1, 
1984. standing at a bos stop in 
Oxford Street and engaged in 
kissing and cuddling. 

The justices found as a feet 
that one defendant placed his 
hand on the other's buuocks 
and squeezed them and then 
placed it on the area of the 
other's genitals and robbed it 
round that area. 

The justices found that the 
defendants appeared to be un- 
aware of other persons in the 
vicinity, and they were sub- 
sequently arrested by the police. 

The justices' opinion was that 
giving the word “insulting" its 
ordinary natural meaning, the 
defendants* behaviour was 
insulting particularly from the 
reaction of those who witnessed 
the activity. 

Mr Fulford relied on Parkin v 
Norman ([1983] QB 92. 100- 
101 ) and submitted that the 
particular conduct had to be 
directed towards another for it 
to amount to insulting behav- 
iour. and that that case was 
authority for the proposition 
that the type of behaviour could 
only be characterized as insult- 
ing if it amounted to saying: “I 
regard you as another 
homosex uaL” 

His Lordship said that each 
derision had to be read in the 
light of the facts an which it was 
based; the conduct in Parkin 
was in a public lavatory at a 
time when there were only two 
persons present, the defendant 
and the complainant, and the 
case was clearly dealt with on 
those facts so that the only way 
the other person could be in- 
sulted was the implied sugges- 
tion that he was a homosexual. 

In the present case, the activ- 
ity was in a busy street even 
though it was at 1.55 am, and 
when others were present. 

The passage relied on from 
Parkin had to be understood as 
meaning that words and behav- 
iour could not be insulting if 
there was not a human target for 
them to strike. 

In the present case, the jus- 
tices were entitled to infer that 
the defendants had to have 
known other persons would be 
present and that if they had 
glanced up they would have seen 
the two couples. Thus, their 
conduct would be likely to strike 
anyone in the vicinity as 

In that way. it could properly 
be said that the conduct was 
insulting albeit it was not aimed 
at a particular person or 

Overt homosexual, or even 
heterosexual conduct in the 
street might well be considered 
objectionable, but that in itself 
did not make it an oftence. 

The display of that conduct in 
a public place might well be 
considered as conduct that was 
insulting and the justices were 
entitled to conclude from the 
facts that it was insulting in the 
present case. 

agreeing said that Parkin identi- 
fied the nature of the insult in 
that particular case and it was 
not authority for saying that that 
was the Qnly type of behaviour 
that could amount to an insult. 

The present case was the type 
lha i was entirely suitable for 
justices to make findings as to 
what constituted insulting 

Solicitors: Bind man & Fan- 
ners: Solicitor, Metropolitan 

When record is ‘released 9 to public 

McLelland v Carlin Music 

A record was “released to the 
public** when a recording com- 
pany gave an irrevocable 
instruction to its distributors to 
release the record to retailers in 

response to customers’ orders, 
and it was not necessary for the 
stage to have been reached when 
there were records in the hands 
of retailers in commercial 
quantities which could be sold 
immediately to members of the 
public over the counter. 

Mr K. R. Rokison, QC, sitting 
as a deputy judge of the Queen's 
Bench Division so held on April 
18 in giving judgment in the 
sum of £30.000 for the plaintiff. 
Alexander Allinn McLelland. 
against the defendants, Carlin 
Music Corporation. 

Times Portfolio rules are as 

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11 If for any reason The 
Times Prices Page is not pub- 
lished in the normal way Times 
Portfolio will be suspended for 
that day. 

How to play - Daily Dividend 
On each day your outique set <A 
eight numbers will represent 
commercial and industrial 
shares published In Tim Times 
Portfolio list which will appear 
Ofl the Stock Exchange Prices 

In the columns provided next 
to your shores note the price 
change Or -L in pence, as 
pa Mis bed in that day's Times. 

After listing the price changes 
of yonr eight shares for that day, 
add sp all eight share changes to 
give yon your overall total pins 
or minus (4- or-). 

Check your overall total 
against The Times Portfolio 
dividend published on the Stock 
Exchange Prices page. 

If your overall total matches 
The Times Portfolio dividend 
you have won outright or a share 
of the total prize money stated 
for that day and most claim yonr 
prize as instructed below. 

How to play - Weekly 

Monday-Saturday record your ■ 
daily Portfolio total. 

Add these together to deter- 
mine your weekly Portfolio totaL 

If yonr total matches the 
published weekly dividend fig- 
ure you hare won outright or a 
share of the prize money stated 
for that week, and must daim 
your prize as instructed below. 

How to daim 

Telephone The Times Portfolio 
claims line 0254-53272 between 
10.00am and 3.30pm, oo the day 
yonr overall total matches The 
Times Portfolio Dividend. No 
claims can be accepted outside 
these hours. 

Yon most have yonr card with 

you when you telephone. 

If yon are suable to telephone 
someone else can claim on yonr 
behalf but they most have yonr 
card and call The Times Port- 
folio claims line between the 
stipulated times. 

No responsibility can be ac- 
cepted for failure to contact the 
claims office for any reason 
within the stated hours. 

The above instructions are 
applicable to both daily and 
weekly dividend daims. 

ive s& 

Drt 'S' 





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JS S available when claiming. 



Claims required 


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Claims required 
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Weekly Dividend 

"please make a ^ 
for the weekly dividend ol -».«*' m 
today's newspaper. 




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ire ^S-’Simcmai (vnbat) 86 -■ J1 KSi 

3B0 am TtanbW Scott 170 .. 129 39 303 



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hom Ctattnaa 

k* Thomson ■ 

ruueo a 

200 a .. 80 *9129 

OB -3 81 81 1ST 

sea ..1*3 *9 181 

BBS .- 319 aS ZU 

<333 • 11.1 29 209 

3M a . . 11.1 SB 153 

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41 02 



tavern ^ 



17 1 

52 Ml 



Rdtmmns V 



58 1* 

S5S B Enaro» M . .1 .1 .. 

sfpSiSS"""* » e-i - *89^ 88 80 

gr^ mo 8« .. ?H til’K I PafacastoarNngsoei 

3SS -1 182 SjI M4 1 share spik 1 Tax-free 

T^ s^boom m Spain two years ago to 
ayedonuaanuy British market, resulted 
in several developers committme them- 
selves to building and marketing some 
ambitious lessura-home complexes, oar- 
ticularly on the Costa del SoL ■ 

SaJK slackened significantly last year 
and though the market is stronger the 
prospective buyer is now spoiled for 
choice. Many schemes, now under 
construction and nearing completion, 
still have numbers of .units unsold so 
agotts are k een t o procure quick sales. 

However professional an agent is. it is 
exceedingly unwise for a buyer to sign a 
purchase contract without Legal advice - 
the more so should the proposed 
purchase be still at the building stage. 
Here the buyer should ensure that heor 

awuuusuis cimer a name guarantee or an 
inference policy to cover the risk of the 
property’s not being completed within' 
the staled contract period. This facility 
will always be available from a reputable 

Holiday-makers keen to establish a 
base in Spain without whole-ownership 
commitment can now buy times hare 
weeks through Barratt Multi- 
Ownership’s first overseas venture at 
Villacana, the attractive Andalndan 
pueblo-style complex a few miles east of 
Estepona, a 40-minute drive drive from 
Gibraltar airport Baitatts bought the 65 
luxurious apartments, which account for 
the final phase of Lhe 400 holiday homes 
making up the whole estate, a year ago 
for £5 minion. 

The Villacana estate has a number of 
•Kail swimming pools scattered among 
its gardens, a large beachside pool with 
adjacent bar and, in front of the Barratt 

Financial package for 
would-be bnvers 

apartments, an owners's dub with both 
indoor and outdoor pools a whirlpool 
bath, restaurant and bar. The dub 
adjoins a sports complex which has 
squash and tennis courts plus a 

All the timeshare apartments, which 
are built in groups around inner court- 
yards and reached by covered walkways, 
are fully furnished and equipped, right 
down to the colour television. Most have 
balconies, some with sea views. 

jfeuratt MaJti-Ownership has arranged . 
a ^financial package for buyers at 
Villacana through Clydesdale Bank 
which, according to the sales manager, 
Mark Campbdl-Salisbury, 90 per cent of 
the owners are using. At terms which are 
just one per cent over base rate, 
repayable over 10 years, tiring the weeks 
purchased as collateral, the deal ensures 


Caotbwed trow page 14 

These whitewashed, Andaluz-style apartments overlooking established gardens 
all have wrosght-iron balconies, wooden hnmed doors and shutters to the win- 
dows. Timeshare weeks at the development, at VjUarana, cost from £1,500 for a 
low-season week in a one-bedroom flat to £5^50 in a three-bedroom, two-bath- 
room flat in Jnly or August Service costs between £55 and £75 a week 
alao that no penalty is incurred for total Ltd, 4 Bridge Street, Salisbury SDI 2 LX: 

repayment at any point during the term 
originally agreed. 

Barretts has just bought a second 
Costa del Sol timeshare project based at 
Leila' Playa — between Fuengirolac and 
Marbella — consisting of 40 two and 
three bedroom apartments overlooking a 
central swimming pool and beach. 

■ - The company plans to spend £4 
million on developing a clubhouse, 
restaurant, tennis court and in fully 
furnishing and equipping every home. 
Pre-release prices will be from some 
£2,500 to £&250 a week, depending on 
size of unit and season of the year. 

. Barratt Multi-Ownership Ltd is at 6 
Half Moon Street, London WIY 7RA: 
tel: 01-629 2731. 

The Costa de la Lnz, to the west of Gi- 
braltar, is starting to attract British 
purchasers seeking the tranquillity now 
so rarely found along the neighbouring 
Costa del SoL The beaches are beautiful 
but, like all Atlantic coastlines, can be 
extremely windy. Land prices are still 
low, however. 

Twenty-five miles west of Tarifa, and 
less than an hour’s drive from Gibraltar, 
is the Atlanterra estate, which sprawls 
over 400 acres of hillside and adjoins a 
magnificent, wide sandy beach. Large 
plots of land suitable for individual villa 
construction are for rale at Atlanterra. 
Prices vary according . to size and 
location. The big, prime beachside rites 
are from £100,000 and other plots are 
priced between £34,000 and £37,000. 

UK agents Fincasol can offer a total 
construction package, including submit- 
ting plans, obtaining necessary permis- 
sions, ^building, . landscaping and, if 
required, can furnish and decorate the 
finished home. 

Details are available from Fincasol 

tel: 0722 26444. 

Chesienons Residential is expanding 
its property portfolio to cater for the 
ever-widening tastes of the British 
purchaser keen to 11%% in southern Spain, 
but who are now discovering the area to 
the east of MalagaThis relatively 
unspoilt area is gaining in popularity, not 
least for its proximity to Granada and 
the ski areas of the Sierra Nevada. A new 
marina development is currently under 
construction near Almunecar, 10 miles 
or so east of Nerja. Situated in a wide 
cove surrounded by steep wooden hills, 
the scheme is adjacent to a sheltered 
sandy beach overlooked by cliffs. 

Marina del Este is an hour's drive 
from Granada and 1 hours from 
Malaga airport, which entails a drive 
through the city before taking the coast 

. Apartments clustered 
around the marina 

road east. The actual marina is complete 
and a clubhouse with restaurant, bar, 
swimming pool and paddle tennis courts 
are due to be finished this summer. 

The apartments, clustered in irregular 
groupings around the marina, have been 
designed in traditional Spanish style 
with whitewashed walls incorporating 
old terracotta roof tiles. The rooms are 
spacious. Air-conditioning is standard. 

Phase I, 36 two and three bedroom 
split-level apartments, of an eventual 
700 will be ready by late summer at 
prices from £71,000 for a two- 
bedroom / two-bathroom apartment to 
£105.000 for a three-bedroom duplex. 

Chestertons Residential is at 116 
Kensington High Street, London W8 
7RW; tel: 01-937 7244. 

Diana Wildmatf 

"There is now a development which will lift Majorca i into .** «**! 

1? the SSO-arre Bend ini ! Estate". David Hoppit - D*ly Tekgiipn 

"The Gub is run to a very high standard." and. “The Anchorage grows tisiWy 
t, value—" Caroline Silver - Harpers and Queen 

"The Tint phase of 68 waterfront houses and apartments was sold off plan 
within a few weeks of behg released.’* 

"Wcrk on the second phase of 74 apartments immediately behind the w 
houses is well advance i." Michael Hanson • Country life 

‘What lhe papers say’ refieei* profesnonal 
onmion and for that reason BEND I NAT 
is becoming the mo-.t taik-.-d about residential 
estate in the Mediterranean. 

Set between the mountains and the sea. these 
superb apartments, beautiful vflias and lovely 
plots of land offer quality, privacy and security. 
This, combined with the many recreational 
facilities such as yachting, windsurfing, 
aolf. teams and ndmg, makes BF.XDINAT not U 
only the ideal place to live but also a sound 
investment opportunity. 

For more about 'What the papers <ay\ please 
filJ in the coupon or ring our sales department. . 
and well have pleasure in sending you 
complete pres< clippings and details 

about BEN DIN AT. C 



Spain's answer to the Cote d'Azur 
40 rnsmites from French Border 

OwitinftiB HtONUre Inrwm. bnroflwriy 
Ab ■nprik Etotog tora- Stm*>3 «*w» cuwihc 
BAY OF BOSES imt if Im—ifrhmtfeMdtapmii. PUNTA 
BQKMMl l fat M dnckfrcoL ath ntaong pul and gudem. 

* fttonfaa»£22£M — I bed. £UJXM — 2 bedx. 


Ho raoranY ^ 


34 Slop Sireat, Brighton Bin 1AI% 

TeL(Q273) 774098,724369, 697235 fEvenings) 


***!! , 

Sixty-three acres of woodland and • 

gardens-andonlysevenacresfor ^ 

development., that's the Marina del Este. * 

A little over an hours drive east of Malaga, the Marina is 
positioned with exquisite care around a sheltered bay. 

The first phase of 36 elegantly ^ 
luxurious apartments will r. w 

be ready in September- 
telephone For more — 


Tel: Elizabeth Yard- Young 010 3458 G40 400 



Tel: 01 -937 7244 

<£ You 'll never believe the price! \t 



fUmOKAL WUK 1701 C Mm 

*P fMQ. TH. OI-«3« 3099: 

nawtti— teWHi 
2 IMn 

MARBELLA Club Sierra 

1 PRICES FROM £46,000 - £80.000 
■ Lnray propertio built to highest spcclhtattou 

■ UXdnetqanait ■ SwtawUogpoohwith'Cw'B* 

iUuugcmCDt ■ terms and PMldk Tennis Courts 

• *An*tgp8»Udkti«« ■ Quiet loertem yet new golt 

■ Restamot. Bin. course. Puerto Rimis. Uubdta etc. 

— fh,Wmne CokmrbroctMtrr 2nd fuBdettiis (torn: 


wu nr a nmaui coast, a 

Franc*. On* MoanUrira. Of- 
fers utvtlcd for small houar and 
large MM. noth funy eautPPetL 
Full flews on request. Reply lo 
Bra BOS. 







unforscea overseas poHog. 
jrinEa-lerre aoaUaUc. NewSr 
bnm. end of terrace nt iw M 
Iwosr. Rothemiitte. 2 bade. sil- 
ling rm. fuuy eotfnoed Jdtchen. 
haihioon CarpoB. Carden. 
Parking ana. Read? » move 
into. EG9.BOO. for qidck sale. 
T«. O! 957 J6I& CT Floral De- 
iHU. 01 938 2222. 

qfcJTRcms d.ix. 


a petition was on 2411, March 


s^Se'ssrs sss,^r - low. 

ponv lor C2JbOO.OOO to 


OVEN Dial me said Petition tadl- DORSET /WILT*. For 

reded to tie heart W «Tln© kMM 

Honourable Mr JiBttceFtefphQfm ■_ “gSWI JSSs 

at Ibe Royal Oourts of Justice £87.000. Tel. Ora <o auo 
Slrand London WC2A «JL W 
Monday lhe 2Stn day of Aorfl 

Ahry'credUor or ShadctwM of Hie 
said Company deurtno m oppose 
the maiuiM of an Ord er grt he 
, cunf irnudion of me said mtucttw 

n f r *-YfUt*l ■Aniilft aMW Al uW 

WprSrXaemn in person or M 
Counsol for lhal purpoae. 

A copy of the said Petition wU be 

furnished to any such person re- 
qulrma »»e same W -the 


29 Frier Sheri Renting RG1 IDF 
TeL- (0734I58S1B1 

;p.il7,975Jiff' ^ 


resort near Geneva., wnw 
dunce of many tuus A chalets, 
wide range of prices. Cornua 
head agent Pelham Overseas. 
Thmegaus Lane. HaseUnete. 
Surrey. THL 042S-4&52 - 

Your Harbour... 


Luxury apartments by Yacht Marine, prime pasition.,25 
minutes from Gib. 

1, 2, ft 3 bedrooms (between 100 and 289 m*). All with 
targe terraces, white marble floors and fireplace, directly 
overlooking the sea. 

- Parking places. 

- Swimming pool & beautiful gardens. 

- Very interesting prices. 

- Payments over 10 years. 

- Already bust. 


(Marbefla-Uabga) Head Office. Serrano, 23.UAORID-1. 

For inspection fights brochures and further details, can: UK Agent 


01-969 1133 

(15 years credit) 


One of the great resorts in Europe 

Olftre lonnytwo bedroomtd apartment* (including 

A day's journey from hom*. with fantastic beaches, penthouse and garden apartments) set in 

golf, tennis, squash, sailing, windsurfing, water- 
skiing. scuba diving, riding, mountain skting (2 
hours), and soon, cricket. French cuisine and 
International n^W-lifc. MARINAMAR -h 
L'ESCALA’S most privileged position - 
overtootang the manna, and by the best beach. 

landscaped gardens, with its own Canhbean-style 
pool A resident porter, lifts, roof garden (with 
harhecuei. furnishing and letting service, provide 
the security you need-with an income tootifyou'd 
life). And - ready this smnraeri There will, never an upportumtylike this. Also vflbs. 


M i Mnll li ilMr A ll FLIGHT IUU 

ES-slan House. 1 Etysun Fbct. Chekca. L-mlun SW331A. 


Lafl rtuiKV lo bv> i Bwp*< Eorepe - * number oar Dmniare innwanv. A oaoc onh pavmcm boyymt n fcnnjr m 
penan vilh Tnrvrr m ibr pkmuhoThinonc Broome Part Mo35i ncsi Kinirrtw, a wide raiw of FREE batons an Pc 
eoiayed hy you ind your uinil) mrliKhqi potf ind S«ur raduncr mcmbenbiporinierval buernainxal *hidb eubka you 
to «au mnrr Dim 300 mall IhrooflUMil Bnuin and Ur world 

* unr scasok clearance price eats pk> vat 


* Jl-.ll flR AIUC. CLEARANCE PRICE £2/>7S pfam VAT 

<LW £050) 

(Li* £4.950) 

iLm £5.050) 
(Liu 13,050) 

BjisJmj abo irabbir «i oar orbrr lane in Scam, ritnoial »nd Malu. LaaL n tanha. enjoy Mr qualur today at 
mnioucanrflortL Jwolhemrr, ibouuads of owfied anfm wiioownOotf Lcnure isoemrir InLrtr-MrrTigin or for 
a FREE luacb mh mm Mlhoui oMcauan fill aflen do* 30L4.I0L Free lou ndra offer I CVS 3 drpouiL 





FtaKQ - UAA 
ts> d an ream . 

gofl. tame, listing. Inn £8350 
per person pa ottk. tty to I*- 
att w Ortzndo (Disney WwU). 

Fm rfunram *rte 

Nheoi Hans. 

PO Bw 964. Pan Sderm. 

FtonM 33492 U5A 

'joi.ix jrvvot )1) 



is aB the Atearve should be. 

Tho most spectacular devetopmen: wtin lovely vfflage 
atmostipera. perched on a Deautdul cWl watt Bavaor to 
private coved beaches below. Close to golf courses, witn 
Promha's own course under construction. A vnda salschan 
od vAas and low nse apartments, for sate, with press start- 
ing at £32000. 

Contact Lesley AspinaB 

John 0 Wood Overseas 
23 Berkeley Square 
London W1X GAL „ 

, Tel: 01-629 SOSO , 


} * t t f Apartment s/VtOas/Tawn Houses available 

CCP4VA ,rom c 19.000 up to El 50.000 [Freehold] 

Ljrrvix-i Free inspection flights to purchasers. Mortgage facilities available. 

Buyers' legal and financial rights fuBy protected. 

Please contact: Casas Espana Ltd.. Lincoln House. 

184-186 Queens Road. Budkhurst Hdl. 

Essex IG9 5 BO Tel: 091) 504 0444 



<tn totuniarv Uamnanonr 

NOTICE Is IXWby Bhrt thaT P^ 

cwuion of me ■“pv*" 1 ’" 1 !” 

Company are nwarta 

lore me 3010 flay of Ayrniwa. 

lo send their narws«Wlad*» 

w*. wtiii iMrUcxiLm of thetf OfffP 

or daunt, and the names 

oresaes of Utrir SoBeuers iir anyr. 

lo the undeKHOiML 

John SWPhen HuahwfonOfZ™ 

BtsnowfMe. London £C2M am. 

lhe Lwuwatona) of 

pany. ana. if so reaulred W n«Kr 

in writing hv 

Uquldalorwsl. are- by fjj™ 

w personally- locorarbia^ 
imwe men- cam dew* « “ 

SBrti lime and 
spMUied in sue® ncore. or in 
la uU ihereof theyWIH be 
psrlodrt Irom the b enefit o f ^ny 
dMrlbubon mad®, bdore 

aeote are owwed. «l Tha ne^*^ 

pumy rornwi anfl 
Creduon hai.e been- or wtll bo. 
Hid in foil. . < ,• 

Don® 27ib March 


Westbury 3 mitts ffaj- 
ainstwr 80 mlnutesj. 
bodroomrd efflOime 
hSSa ■ 2 bathrtWM. 

***** WJL22*- 

private malure 


0373 88529 , 

vnaraac. Deta*dw4. 3 bgjri!®' 

3 recepuofahmwMmm. 

■ em.'wMBd . 

PftKgOgSAWTlAO OTy^eveme . 

m ■■ rrasd Services. OTOS- 

Apar t men ts tor sate In wortri 
sin resort S2D. 000270. 000. 
Gtscfar Skiing In amrar, 
baffled pool, saunas, tennis 
courts. 2 nfohts. tree fo hotffl 
to view. 90% mortgage pos- 
sJbto, tatting whan vacant 

£ 100.000 

TeL 031-226 2338 


9. 10. 23 + 2a cm thr orebn • 
Ftonaa E. Coast. 2 bdrro. sips 6. 
rurtushed. Package mu 
£ 14000. DrUUL >7 liter «W. 
wston-an-Ti m sw. Sumy 
RT12 5BJ. 

TDfOBn STM Vicuna CL 
CL8KI 4 wks annuaty forrw. 
Broch: Can 15 0482 8I&4IO. 


sale Bdtotnmg Dtaney World In 
a nmdty drveloalng arm at 
inyWumgmMinnB. Prind- 
pal m London 1&20 April. Tcj 
O! 730 1359. 

over E80.00. Phono row (or wnte) tor your 
copy ol our lull colour catalogus and tear 

__ am ropy ui am u* oam uuwiyw «« aw 

Shlle. the advwttsgss n dealing tbrouslc 

- Pueblo Properties LW 

01-502 3061 110 Hob Road. Lougt&on. Esa. 16:0 4HP 

.. <* ;'-v, v -jj.-/ <*,*. 

sj£ *m^iffyfzSzr/ The most exciting village 

1 devglQnmcnt located between Las 
Americas and Los Gigames with 400m of 
coastline. Exceptional sporting Tacilities, 
h Tra yr restaurants, supermarket, boutiques and 

Management otlices Some 3‘A hours Tram U.K. 
Lg©/ Detached villas - £45,900 to £99,000 

Studios. I and 2 Bedroom Apis - £20,000 to £39,600 
Penthouses ■ £54,500 to £51,500 

r ' Full Bank Guarantees 


a«ento U fed onwerty on the 
Com Blanca ant Majorca. VU- 
• lat. avwts. puts. vUUK with 
pnvw DOOM. Par luroier or- 
tHttiglfaae pnooct Adits' » “ 

0453 31GT0. 

i bed puetflo to strep o. with 
terrace, oarden and lovely wa 
dtwt Hariily used. Suhuan- 
Bally below devrtooem onre at 
£264500. Direa from owner for 
OtUck tale. Tet 0262^T7S»H 
EsrAPOML Suserb from line 
amruueni for sale bi litis flevei 
otuixj port. TMehiBy rumabed 
£57.600. Tef Ol-Aiu, 2481 
Hamessuon Proneroes Ufl. 
50TO6RAHDC. FTonMtnr beach 
atari overtoounn Gibrffliaf. 3 
De*. 2 bfflte. FMU»ie«»r 
nmiy Often aroond £90.000 
ror mac*, sale. Euro Property 
AdvMWf D7S2 S5D847 
COSTA BLANCA. Beautiful bun 
gfflow 2 bees, fulty lunushed. 
Soper camen. nr beach. 
£21.700. tel 0784 SS«SiB«>. 
mtIA COCfA DEL SOL. 2 hitml 
. net vnta. Cmnom. view 7 min 
warn bracn. fi mi ne 90H cDuf*e 
£36.000. Sean t027<mi 21 62. 

7\ Cf milk Ih r Inh nit it mud pic 

Britain’s leading overseas leisure property developers 
announce their newest project at 

Mont d'Azur 

consisting of luxury villas 
In Cate d'Azur's most prestigious location 
with breathtaking views to the sea 
from Antibes to Nice and to the mountains behind, 
situated a few minutes from Valbonne and Biot 
5 Bedroom Villas from 1.600.000 FF 
For further details apply to 
Montpelier International pic 
17 Clay Street Bath BA1 2PH Tbu 444268 Fax; 0225-319802 
Bath 0225-339033 London 01-589 3400 

Prices from £750 per week 
Air you looking lor 

* Seclusion * Lunny 

* Reoutori * Worn Ml opens 

* toll* Teniuss 

* Summing * HesWl dufi’ 

B you can answer yes to tour of 

(noted these, pfease phone 


i * worn mat opwns 4* Pnom Lnquno 1 

‘ Temurs *,»•*, lOftii .Ti6U 

mg * Hearth dufi’ 4 «« (Wre 

answer «s to four or HaME? ^.wei 
nweol these. pfc«e phone nEaei rat 

Hamngton Grange LUL the buPdeis. ‘■'Wj flBfWJ*Mr-0«pfiy + 
ThnC NIP 5«fm you more Waits VtUa ♦ Swvtw- 

Pa jj gf ifla cii 

International House, 149- 153 St Neots 
Road. Hardwick. Chambridge. J 


Om 1 bnoirful {imnrfrri ijnrmwn 
in t pncrlul looiiMi of Lot 

UrUana*. Ucti toi VCD lulldlTV 

irurrmem « rta cm spend kaac- 
tw* agtecnmi. We will pn up u 
4N ul ihe puKhax prut Trm ot 
ptmor foe dniit ht 

Aumfflde lot Cero 
M Gnpnc Rod 
Hfiirrt, Nobi. 

Td DfiOri «|5 



pwhased tram the shew w* Inckida 


The created ever show under one roof of apartmerrts, viBas and land for sale in France, Italy, Switzerland, Portugal, 
Spah and Mallorca- with prices ranging from £19,000 ito over £500,000. • 

Expert acMce wH [ be on hand from Chestertons Overseas^ ^senior personnel, their associated offices and devetopere from each country. 


JW 1 



Show open Tuesday and Wednesday 10am - 830pm 


Loreton WB 7flW OT-SSr 7?44 

_ 36 




Ml classified ad'cfuscmem* 
can be accented by Wepbone 
(nctpi Announcements). The 
deadline is S.OOpm 2 dam (mor 
to puMiaiioo fie S.OOpra Mon- 
day lor Wednesday). Should 
you wish io send an advenise- 
mcni m writing please include 
sour da Mime phone number. 
PARTMEMT. If you have any 
queries or problems relating to 
youT advertisement once it hat 
appeared, please contact mu 
Customer Sennets Department 
by telephone on 01-481 4100. 


COMPANY WMJF Days ornantred 
lor Ml or custome rs. An y lo- 
cation. Trt 0734 87 ^ 77 ? 

Britain's leading experts trace 
OF ARMS. Wnte to: ACHIEVE.. 
MEIYT5 >1961' LUt.Karmare. 
Canterbury. Kent. CTl 1B*T 
Tei. au:-tt%ia 
MEET THE /umm ol woric 
Bontums unHue 
tune course starts 28Mi April. 
Lmum «nd sWts to leatUno 
VK arnsrs and craftsmen. Tel 
Principal 01 584 0e67 
■Heather Jenner> 124 New 
Rcind SI- Wl 01-629 9054 . 
Comull us foe Individual 
attention. ; 

FMEKDSW. Lose or Marriage . 
Ail ao*. areas Dateline. Dept J 
•Oiol 23 Atongdon Road, leu- , 
don WO Trt 01-938 1011- 
SELECT F MEMOS Exclusive in- 
troductions for the unattached 
For Professional and Eneruhve 
men 58 Maddox Surer. Lon- 
don W \ Telephone 493-9937 

antiques & 


WANTED. Dov««i- «3* 

Helen of Tim: Cuceu B 
HW25C2 AMoDOuBonl 
o Smith, WeUan-SUDer Mare- 

0934 20780 'Home 8523471 
FMwruaex. animate, etc., want- 
ed 01 683 0024 
rase El. 150 ono. praam sate. 
Ol-fira 1478. 


ROUEX dents goU 

dale, very good rnnjulion. 
£2.500 ono- Ot 958 7904 


HOLLAND PARK- Business exec 
on extended trip aoraad has 
luxury rut lor short let 2 necep- 

otm*. sued*. J te tains. AM mod 
eons £500 w. Reference*. Re- 
ply to SOX A7S- 
DULWfCH 1 pen slue true use. 
bit 13 nuns city. £35 p.w ex 


rcmral London Irom 132*5 P" 
Ring Town Hse APIS 375 3433 



Cotetos si amde wring, short 
sicnes. start poumakari. wnwig 
lor cnSchen T V and 
Paywniinq ana others Free mo 
chore Iran The London School 
of Jorthansm. Re< OT. >9 Hen 
tort Sheet P»V Une. London 
W 1 Y 888 Tel 01-499 6250 



1933. ebony, with nod. excel 
lent candmon. £4.600 or nest 
oiler Tei 586 4951 


d Slew way Boudtor Grand pi- 
aao Excellent condiuon. 
£4.400. Phone 0225 68834 


London's leading specialist in 
new and restored pianos tor ihr 
largest genuine selection aval). 
Me. 30a FUghoate Rd. NWS. 
01267 7671. Free catalogue. 
And reconditioned Quality m 
reasonaMe prices 326 Brtohlon 
Rd.. S.Croydon. 01-688 3513 
199694 Immaculate. £8.600 
TefeplWne 0296 622108 


TOP CLASS PHE A S A N T mooting 
available ror one or Iwodayson 
die xerlenri of the Mud No- 
v ember. Up to 200 high 
pneasanls cacti day with all P“» 
sUMe faaluim in magniflcenl 
Calloway Country Tel- Antony 
Fleming Smith evening*. 0387 
86 219. 

TO LET Grouse mooting . August 
12th and 13th. 1985. 

Yorkshire Lancashire. Top 
etna driving Moor wiltl exert- 
lent hotel acco i i m iodaUon 

nearby Apply. BOX F«7 . 


CHATEAU LE TOUR '64. Watre. 
Manner -te3 sensible otters 
TcLOSSO 291996 Kent 


V YOU HAVE ever had a refer 
non slip Iran a publisher, or 
agent and are interested m 
tormina a Society of Unpub- 
lished Authors. SIRA. 427. 
Upper Richmond Road Wt-O. 
SWla 7PJ. 01948 1649. 


Together we can beat it 

Wr fund Over ont- third ot 
all ri-vejrvh uiivi the piwen- 
non and vurv ol v jiKer ill 
ihe UK 

H elfins by sending jri'UiJ' 
non nr make Ivgjty i< i 

Cancer Vi 

2 *'ii linn Hi mre Ti-na • 
l 5 >|i»tT/i 9 /Ul ■ 'n J**n 313 1 > ‘*-\H 


invite you to cur 


On Thursday, 24 th April, 
between 10 a.m. & 4 p.nt 

Austrsve) staff, with repre- 
sentatives from Air New 
Zealand. Newmans Tours, 
and New Zealand Tourist 
Office, win be available to 
p plan your trip to New 1 
Zealand. Expert advice re- 
garding internal travel and 
stop-overs en route w» 
ensure that you make the 
most of your S. Pacific 

RSVP: 01-930 47S1 



warned lor private carman**. 
Top prior* paid- Ol 228 0*23. 

«> gnmriN to pay top prtere 
lor enure and no I court ire*. 
Phono Mr Richardson on 01- 
836 5571. 

Desks. Bookcase etc 6 Pi* 1940 
furniture Tel: Ol 686 0148 or 
Ol 228 371 6 day or mghi. 

■ncHJCra WANTED for WlmHe- 
don. FA Cup Final. A other 
events Ol 223 *660. 


wanted including dfhmnjrfx 
Bnl prices paid. Ot 2 26 0837. 

Ol 928 1775 


£ 99 L OP» SaL TIB 5 . 
T V. Havrloch Terrace. * 


C.A Henry. LP 

ol Book and Magazine COUcc- 
lor. price £ 1 . 20 . on sale 
focal newsagent on 

obtain a copy from your news 


office and boardroom. £2 mil- 
lion slocks. Nettlcbed. 
Hemey <0491 >641 1 15. B< 
mouth 1020 21 29 

Topsham (039287) 

Berkeley. Oos lOdaS) 810952 

and some 
works prints 

at Badminton Horse Trials 
««■ cannot collect one there. 

high quahly hardwood 

teens or stiver and gold I 

cutlery wishes to sell Its remain- 
ing 7 sets. Art oPPOTtua 
buy ja Trade Prices, 
guaranteed Can deliv er a 
Red Star. 0803-524011. 

ECt . Ol 406 0453. 

Mill. Innertetthen EH44 6BR. 

lor presentation 
“Sundays". £1250- It 
When. 01-688 6323. 

All theatre and sports. 
A Ex/VBa/Olnetx 
Me sells etc Manor 
deliveries. Tel. i0380> 86 
i wins i 

THE TUBES 11814-1985). 

Trt. 01-486 6305. 

S Ltd. Ol 229 1947. 8468. 

NME R050mUL 

Christmas ptt fa 
£750. 0204 46S53. 

PIANO Magnificent Ob. 

Grand. RecondllkaNd Karroos. 
Valued £1.660 01-453 0148. 

Please T e le p hone 737-2532. 


Wkanders Corkoptet Ties, dfr 
agn natural orty SB35 pei si) yd 
+ VAT. Wool mot Berner carpets 
4m wrie Kessan tacked £4^5 
per sq yd + VAT. WNe taxis 

148 WaWanta Bridge Rd. 
Penan Brae. Sdre. 

Tel: 01-731-3368/9 

fit aniBB - Esdfl M«» 


Handmade made to mewre 

Prlcee Irrai £70 

21$ cmr ROAD, 



UTILE VCMCC Young amt. 
m f. a s. lOOrtserVrt* vr rvnr 
Warwick Avr s, Ugutn Rd 
tube* £*»pw loc. OV-723 1 SOS 

Wru •mM introductory renter, 
pec trt tor wet 01-889 6491. 
3X3 Broreptan Road. SW5 
MTTtRtCA or of F K/S. 20*. 
0/0 gun Nr BS A lUOr £180 
orm Inrt 39 O (998. 

FlfUIAM SW6 M S nun tur 
oislwd noose ot £162 non 
Xrius MUs irl Ot -7368651 

SW17 Prof M.T N S. lac rtn In 
attrae Oie CH flat. Close ore 
£156 pen, excl. 673 5983 


HOUSEKEEPER for Knights 
brnfge tanuly. German Ion 
guage essenlUl; moluro 

independent lady Nommoker 
Goofcino. Ugfir domeslic dutle* 
and nets wlUt 1 teenage girt 
Own rwm. TV tnunnllala 
Man. flepty Ms Gander Ot -629 
9681 <olfY 


87 Regeni Srrert. London Wl 

Tel 43A 6634 UK Overseas 
Aha m hefln dans letup perm 

BEtllMtt NAlOrY 12030) K 
care far Manet* 1 year tod 
Some evening wors. uv* 
out .. Docklands 01-615 9946 


WOL5EY HALL: Home study far 
GCE. Degrees i London BA. BSc, 
LLB. Warwick MBA' PrtoseC> 
tur me PnncloaL Dept AL9. 
woun Kail, rreepojf Oxfom 
0X2 6BH. TH: 0865 622000 
i24 lint. 



350 SI- 




TEL 0922 24471. 

MERCEBCS 2007 Estate. Ivory. 
1983. many extras, beauufui 
condition mraugfwuL current 
warranty and service history 
ataiiaur Move forces sale 
£6.950 ono Trt: 102*91 
816436 PC 01-624 7618 


928 5 AUTO. Y re*, silver, full 
Navy blue leather. 29.000 
miles. 1 previous owner, pris- 
tine condition. FSH. special 928 
res- £19.750. 01-734 0543. 


MAZDA RX7, >983. hard top 
wttlt sunroof. starouN (due. 
Macs interior, low nUlenqe. 
Taxed and MOT un Jan 87. 
owned Irom new. Pirelli PS's, 
exce&enf coRdibon. £ 6.200 
ono. Trt. 0533 876006 anytime 

XT© 4 2 (EcsUcy Tor Twoloo 
R ange Rover. 2 door. L Reg.. 
Balmoral Green, full service 
filsfcw. brown Inferior, low 
mileage. \gc. Taxed A MOT 6 
moolhs. L 16/200 Trt. 061 -434 
3365 anvume 


Continued from page 16 


M|NC£Qre«US 01-930 8681 
V^CCHOIUOO 01-900 0844/6/6 
Group Sales 01-930 6123. K. 

Sowse QL741 W9 ^ 

Z4hT 7 day CC Bookings 240 
7200. 01379 6*35. Evei7.30 
Mats TJiur A Sal ai 3.0 "ter te 
Um Bi ose Ergot taortrite” 
S.Ttmes. Tbo Ntohrel WmM «l 


samnt LUU1 

mmui iahet 



"Wo n 4« tol tlsiUl^riA" Sly 
“A CUutc of ID kind" O. Trt. 
-Dywrafte" D. Mall 


Musi end Aortl 26 

qtEEn 01-734 1166. 734 

1167. 734 0261. 73* 0120. *39 
3849.439 4031. First Can OC. 24 
hr 240 7200 Orp Sales 9306123. 
Eves 8pm. Wed A Sal Mats Sm 



MANCE5 HL P * S Tms. 


"CLEVER. ttffTTT A SFAte- 

□meted by MflYAMi 

SAVOY BOX Office 01-836 8888 
CC 01-379 6219. 836 0479 Evgs. 

7 0S. Matinees Wednesday 3.0 
Saturday 50 6 BJO 
TOWN ” S Tunes 16 -2/86 






SHAFttESteURY 579 5399 or 379 
6433 CC 74! 9999. FUST C*» 
2* hr 7 day CC 240 7200 On 
Sales 930 6123. Mon-Frt 8. 
wen Mai 3. Sal 5 A 3.30. 



Rmi from 28 May. 

379 6433/741 9999. Firs* Call 
24 Hr 7 Day OC 840 7200. Cry 
Sates 930 6123. 



Mon-Frl 8. Sal SJO » 830. 


The High Preparatory Committee for the Fifth Islamic Summit Confer- 
ence which would be hosted by the State of Kuwait in 1 987, announces a 
contest for designing three wall posters expressive of the above occasion. 
Formative artists and designers are invited to participate in the contest 
typical to the following conditions: 

FIRST: _ . u r 

The poster should include the following statements in three formal lan- 
guages: i.e. Arabic, English and French. 

-The Fifth Islamic Summit Conference 
-The State of Kuwait 
-Dates (1407 H - 198 7) 


The Poster should be coherent in design with the basic criteria established 
by the Islamic Conference Organisation and which are mainly concerned 

1. Consolidating Islamic solidarity. 

2. Supporting the cooperation between members io various Gelds. 

3. Exerting joint efforts to establish peace and justice. 

4. Securing the sacredness of the Holy shrines. 

5. Supporting ihe Palestinian people struggle for liberation. 

6. Preserving the spiritual social and moral values inherent in Islam. 

It is proposed that the poster should denote an Islamic symbol and an 
idea inspired from the cultural background of kuwaiL besides it should 
also include verses from the Holy Qur'an expressive of the Muslim States 
unity and brotherhood. 


The committee, in cooperation with the designer, is entrusted to intro- 
duce to the designed article any amendments which are deemed 


The design should be in colour and the dimensions equal to 100x70 cms. 


The deadline for submitting the designs is 15.4.1986 and all forms are to 
be sent to the following address: 

Ministry of Information 

Research. Planning and Implementation Bureau 

P.O. Box.: 193 Safet 


Taking into account chat valuable prices shall be awarded to the winners. 


An exhibition for the p reseated posters shall be held during the conven- 
tion of the conference. 

CHELSCJV KmrtimrKBm. P e l g ra - 

,-U. fHimlko W«StflWnstPT. 
Luxury Mu>M and flats avail- 
able lor long at vtion lets. 
Wrasr ring for cnrrwrt IIsl 
C ooM. 69 Budusgtuni hike 
RL SWI. Ol B 28 8261 - 

Urgcntiy ramV* flats A houses 
in mini London from C ISO Io 
£2.000 pw PKor call SaHy 
Owm or lomm Campbell on 
01.937 9684. 

SWS HENSMOTUN flat- Quirt, 
soaoous rtVrtrt floor flat. 3 
Bedrooms. 2 teams, living room, 
dining roan. MUien. MBIvaV. 
f {dace. seml-iiimniM. caorart- 

c6. all modem aBDHan«4 
Onran onto 3 acres of qnvaie 
garden UWV for lamBy. Corgo- 
ra If trt S r*ar Plus- £400 jx w. 
Tell 01-530 2396. No agoats. 

on Ol 23 S 8861 Cor the best se- 
lection at lunuaneb flats and 
teousrs io real in KnlgMsbrtdge. 
Kemmaton and Chetseo. 


avail. A read for diplomats, 
executives. Long Bt short lea fit 
ad areas. Urtnend & Co 4a. 
AlbemartrSi Wi.Ol -499 5334. 

LD1. KUMODL Ail moo. lux. 
ughi gdn IU 2 bens. 2 oaths, 
large nogun. kH . ucil.. pabo. 
£375 p w 093262362. 

AVAIL ABCS NOW lor 4 months. 
Cosy fully egulped i bed garden 
cut off Ken Cntirm St £« aa 
p.w ReH req. 01-937 3318 . 

DOCKLANDS- Mouses and flats 
throughout me docklands area 
to Icl. Docklands Property Cen- 
tre. 01-488 4852 . 

K&B. teak. Brtgm spacious iuHy 
•gin. £120 pw Co Oct ntf- 
06806 3217 or Ol 062 0966 
ILL CO MP A NY seek* run prop 
ernes Mi Deal London areas. 
Agents) 01-589 5 « 81 . 
CENTRAL LR*£ 3 teedrm flat. TV. 
washer. Of. £90 pw. Others 
627 2610 Homrtocaiors. 
CHEL8TA Spacious lux balcony 
flat- DMe bedim, recep. ttfte 
porters. Long M. 622 - 6823 . 
COSY STUMO nr cube, self coo 
tamed £66 pw. Others 627 
2610 Homrtocaiois. 

HWUCO rtennt recent double 
bedim «nak bedim CH col TV 
£120 PW Ot 834 9723 
fllliW MOkO HU- FUL 3 Recrps. 

1 dole bedrm. £480 mbi. Trt 
Ot 940 2035/0372 53572 

ST. CMMC 4 SQUARE 2 teed 
roam flal with balcony- £196 
pw. CO LeL 727 1788 . 

MTS CARDEN RAT, turn +• mted 

2 (Me bedrms KH HC. £2SC 
pw. Tel: (0342821 4307. 

balctiefor IlaL Co let only. £ 42 G 
pom. Tec Ol 904 9107 
WESYEMD PLAT nr tube. Ms 
phone. CH. £lOO PW. oUm 
ear 26 tO Homciocators. 

Ctatcc NO. 5796433 EvgsILO. 
Turn 2 . 43 . Sal 50 and B.Q 

34 tk ft * AJBAT RA CW flYI 


First CM 24 Hr 7 Day CC 240 
7200 Mrti-Fn B.SK 31 8 . 30 . 
Wed mat 2.30 




■'BRiLLfAArr'Mrtl on Sunday 


( 07891 29 S 6 g 3 .or. 7 jckegnarter 
Ot 379 6 * 33 _.ROY AL S NARE; 

rI RoyN 

jlMV 1.30. 7.30. NO 

perm April 21 - 24 . Slri a i Tale 

opens 26 April. Eray Hteo In 

Bh “i 1 1 5 May’ For spe- 

cial raesf/aiertrr deals and 
hotel slop over ring (07891 


lie very best of Britain's am 
talent" Daily MalL 

See Ambassadors Theatr e 


See Criterion Theatre 
See Oucness Theatre 

See Whitebait Theatre 

See Wrndhatn** The atre, 


See separate entry. 







VICTORIA PALACE Ol 834 1317 . 
Evgs 7 JO. Mats Sat 2.46 


Ring for pooNMe retinsonday rt 
performance LASTED 


SW 1 Ol 930 
7768/839 «* 5 S CC Ot 379 
6665/6433 741 9999 . Cm W 
836 3962 . Mon F« 8 Da Wed Mai 
3 . 00 . Sals 6 00 A B JO. 



inaonjv WEST 


By J.B. Priestley. 
Dirmcfl oy Ronald Eyre 




WYNDMAM-S 836 3029 C C 379 
6666 . 379 6433 . 741 9999 . 
GTJK 836 3962 . Opens Tue Z 2 
April 7 pm Sub eves Mon-Thurs 
8 30 . Fr) L Sal 600 * 9 . 00 pm. 


DM km 'Srtprdoy LW 



TO BE HWTune Out Undled 
season 22 April - 10 May. All 
Ocls only: £7 SO A £5 00 

WYNOHAM’S 836 3028 CC 379 
6565/379 6433 . Grps 806 
3962 Ud peril Tedey 5 A 


A musical play by ROCUN RAY. 
'.on ihe Me A music of 

TRUTH- D Tel. 

’71 te a #oy «■ b> 



YOUNG VIC 928 6363 rc 579 
6433 Lad 2 eerb Today 3 A a. 



tehee's Tele A 

Til 26 April. Eves 7 as. ted- 
land* Then a Co In FORCE A 
HYPOCRISY. A new play on 
Inch The Rlpparoy OiocLocle. 



Denng Sf. Wl. i_ 

JU 9 & S Bauds. 499 4100 


Street. London W 1 . ROT 
ORGAN. New pamniip 


17 Mol comb streer. 

SWI. 235 0500 . VBdITO 
Homage ra Bamtaa. 

17 Morromo Street. London 

SWI. 236 0500 . VILA TO 
Homage to Beirdaia. 

< 78 sranrton ltd. London 
SW3. T«t. S84 7566. Fine 
works » Bm Mfftahcei. Hen- 
ri Moore. Sir Matthew Sonin. 
Bamberg. L F Lowry. Oufiam 
Suiwtum. Winifred Nichof. 

w. Mary Krwnms and 
Whmx Daily IO - 6. Sal 1 0 4. 

OMPtt FIL» 30 Davwt SI. Wl. 
493 2488 ALBERT IRVIN New 

ojy Mo rr ison art ou pm*. 

by SCOTT BROWN. 9 April 7 
May *»Ir jennyo SLfiWl.Ot- 
930 8008 . 

KENsaKTOfL spacious comfort 
a Me rfarmtooty runustied flat. 

1 sngtr. 1 dbuteie Bedroom 
Large drawing room won din- 
ln« area. Bathroom. Kitchen, 
Entryphone. Very Nmepum 
for transport dr shops £130 pw 
Tet 01-373 0437 

malsonelir overlooking par* Ml 
SI Margarets. WOP Close proa- 
lm Uy ip w d—t Own 
entrance. fuBy (vaatebed. co t« 

nun 6 nuns £539 pau. Tel now 
for imarectloa 01-584 1419 

MU HU. NW 7 

Denghtrul family home m gnM 
Ween area . Easy Unite to central 
London. 3 bedroom, double uv- 
Wg new floed kitchen, newly 
furmsbed- Larue grtK. gar- 
den. additional parking Long 
In io (amity .company from 
overseas only. No agents £176 
pw Please phone Ot 969 1004 
name or Ol 203 1958 OOKe. 

MORION Sunny 2 beann flat u 
guei luxury Mock- 3 aka fob e. 
conveaienl for Brent cross 
FOOV mted kucxen. lock up ga- 
rage- resident caretaker. C 1 S= 
p.w.. Co Lei p re ferred. 19 Id 6 
months m first BN tance. Trt: Ol 
2 CC 8001.09865286 

tux flats /houses: £200 - CIOOC- 
p.w. usual fees req. PtmSius. 
Kay A Lewis. South of the Park. 
Chebea office. 01-362 Bill 01 
North Of me Park. Regent's 
Pa rt office. 01-722 513 a 
have the best sel ec ti on of Ion 
ry fomtslMd oats la 
kmlngloo. C 2 whea. 

K'atgtusbrtcjge. Mariafr. St 
Johns Wood and Ha mp s te ad 
Front £200 PW Ot 244 7363 . 

WANTED bMlaMhropM wBh 1 
bedrm flat m central London 10 
let to fughty rrapons B ue prof 
male. Excenent refs. Mm I yr. 
Max rent £200 pcxte Ol 2 B 9 

HOLLAND PARK. Faro flat m 
duraMOmgwMM Owe 
bed stung room. large 
kitchen /diner, bathroom. £96 
pw. Tet: 7774701 . 

ST. 1 QHN 5 WOOD in P/B mock. 
tth floor newly funtau. 1 dWe 
bedrm. Urge, k « te. ch. tv. 
wash/myer. lHL Sa * 
£160 pw. 01-624 8206 . 

HSL Wl 01-457 4 Q 34 IMWEL 
PEOPLE Open 11-1 Final Day. 

Selected 19 Bi Ceo teny prt e 
and a coMectlon of Eas&eh I 

17-29 April. 172 WaROn Sf, 
Loodon SW 3 

N£W ART CENTRE. * 1 . 

SL SWt 01 235 6844 
POTTER OBs and wa te rcolo urs 
Mon- Fit. > 04 : Sats 11 - 3 . 

SL Wl 629-2876 ORA N AM 
ARNOLD • RrtWN PMttnm Us 
in 17May Moo-Frl I06.30SMS 
10 - 12 . 30 . _ 


pictwtmy 01 734 9062 
Open dally 106 

me Sun- (Reduced rase Son. untB 


S 3 50 . £ 1 .70 cooc. me ec book 
lag 01 741 9999 

SLOANE S TREET. Bv* rooms re- 
ntarkabh' furntshed w«i tarty 
English Nrtee and Araertcan 
Fotk paintings- furoKurr. gums. 
Siaane Street list floor). Lon- 
don SWI Maun fret" Harrods) 
Tel. 235 2464 . Doily 106 Sacs 
10-4 ~ 

SPOOL King Street SL Jamaate 


ORAWtNOS. 9th Mnr. 

until ICXh May- MOP -EH 9 . 30 - 
630 mar Bank Hobdays). 

TATE OALLERT. MMb a fl l SW 1 - 
ART 1 M 4 - 1 ML Un M 27 Apr. 
graphv UniO 11 May. A Mn. 
free. Wkdys 1 O- 5 R 0 . Sane 2 - 
5 . 60 . Recorded toto. Ol - 821 

AOmoamy Arch) Trt Ol »o 
6344. laaro - 5pm Ada £1. 
Students and O-A^s «*», Co- 
lombia Church or Santa Clara 
colonial Art untfl Aped 19 BL 
Colombo cunlemperary Art 
until April 29 th. 


The NatMBirt IMuenib of Alt R 
Design. S. KenNf^on. Wkdys 
105 SO Suns. 2.30 - 560 . 
Closed Fridays. Recmdcd M 

<m special eaMhfttans 4 r Mwlay 
Ol 881 4894 


WhMMtfprt trtrti 9 L El . Ol 
377 0107 Bl TAIWOta Th« 
Palntrt Sculptor In the T wente- 
eUi 0 nun> NflBI 
Adra. £ 2 . £t.tlhee wed Ml 
Tue-Sun 11 - 5 . Wed ll-B 

SnecLSL jameFT Londdaswi 
Tel: 9309332 . M 0 Opfl«» 

of Prtnttnw fran the 2 tr«BO- 

30 's APrtl 17 th - May 901 . Man 
Fri loan - 6 pm. Sat 10 am - ipm. 


BAR W CAR t. Ol 628 8798. SW- 
dnil coocrC 2 aUp erfa T tcscta 

hookahle. OUT OF AWB CAtPO) 
Tpnv Today Kkte Qyfc itoNaan 
Mni ib e i j til m TNE FMATE (U) 
11.00 4 230 

CAMDEN PLAZA 486 2443 (CM. 
Camden Town label ABSO- 
153 . 3 . 45 . 6 . 10 . SAO. TH 
Bookings acceirtrt 

351 3742 
Kings Rond (Nearest arte 
Soane Sdt EJBCtaaye PresenU 
doo or Francesco flours I Hmof 
Burt's opera CA RMEN (PC), 
nun M 1 . 3 S. 4 30 . 7.45 IOC 
Bar Seats Bookable (or last e»e 

499 3737 Flirt Call SAHr 7 Day 
cc 240 7200 <Bk 9 Fee; Mjw 
S mith. DShhotm mi ofl. J ixli 
Dench ti A ROOM WITH A 
VIEW (PC) FIB at 1.30 (Not 
Son! 3 45 . 6 . IO & 8.40 Seats 
bkbte at £ 4.50 In advance fee 
8 40 pert daily 4 6.10 on Sal A 

Avenue Wl 439 4806 . First 
Cab 2 *Hr 7 Day CC 2*0 7200 
(BxgFeei Kurosawa's RAN ( 151 . 
Sep Berts dally af 2 IS. & 15 , A 

6 A 7 E CBCMA. NottfngMU Gate 
727 4043 Do’ _ 

Kurosawa's RAN 1 I 6 V 2 16 . 
5 15 . 8 16 . L Night Fri 6 Sal 
it 19 . Anvar - " 


930 6252 IEJMU /839 1759 (24 
hour Arrc ss/v»a Booadngoi. 
Dolby StencSrp prow Daily 
12 56 . 3 . 20 . 6 . 10 . 860 . Late 
Nighi snow Fn A Sat 1 1 . 45 pm. 
AH prog^ Boo kable in Advance. 

379 3014 / 
536 0691 SI Martin's Lane. 
WC 2 iLriceSer Sg tubel WU- 
llam Hurt tei KISS OF T 
128 . 3 45 . 6 . 10 . BAO. MUST 
APRIL 24 Derek Jarman's Brtee 
F)fm at 1 . 00 . 2255 . 4 . 30 . 6 S 5 
9.00 LK. Bar. ADVANCE 


4225 Jack NKh OSsaP * 
Kathleen Turner. NODS 
■OMOUK | IS) dally 130 . 400 
630 . 9 . 00 . 

HAY M AB BET <930 

27381 BO SUMDUlR OBJ. 
Sep progs Drtto 2 . 15 . 6 X 0 . 
8 . 40 . Ad seats nook able In ad- 
vance A Cress asd Visa 
telephone bookings we(c wu e 

■930 611 lUnfo 930 4280 
4259 awn MCVTl fPCi. Sep 
progs Doan open Dally 1 . 16 . 
4 46 . 7.65 Late Nlghl Show Fri 
6 Sat Doors open 1 1 . 15 pm. All 
progs Bookable m Advance. Ac- 
cess and visa ohone booUnos 
welcome CaredM Hot Une 899 
1929 . 24 hour service. £ 2.60 


172 3 


1161 . Sep progs Doors Dally 
1 . 15 . 336 . 595 . 8 18 Late 
Ntgtel Snow FT! 6 Sal DOOR 
open 11 OOpm. deduced prices 
for Linder id's. Student cant 
holders. L'KSOO holders. OA.Pt 

3694 . HEARTEREAKERS < 18 >. 
A *e* comedy for Adults. 3 OO. 
4 . 5 S. 7 . 00 . 9 06 . S 

996 2772 . Hi MV BEAtmniL 
LAUNDRETTE UBI 5 . 05 , 5 00 . 
7 0 S. 9 10 121 LETTER TO 
BREZHNEV 1151 . 2 46 . 600 
700 . 900 Scab nortofcle. 


326 S 5 B& Winner- 7 Ok 
l 00 . 4 10 . 7 . 45 . Ttckrts 

bookable for evening Pert 

SCREEN ON THE MU. 436 3366 
Kurosawas Our-Winning 
NAN > 161 . nrogt 4 . 06 . 7 40 . 
Plus daily al 2.45 AJL (the 
making ot Ram 


Halifax in 
mood to 
end season 
in style 

By Keith Macklin 

The championship cup will be 
on view at Thrum Hall tomor- 
row as Halifax seek the victory 
which will give them the Slalom 
Lager championship for the first 
time since 1965. If Halifa x draw 
or win against Featbciscoue 
Rovers, all pursuit will be m 
vain, and the trophy will be 
presented, after the match, to 
their Chris Anderson, their 
Australian coach, and his 

However, Featherstone 
Rovers are not likely to tiedown 
and play dead: They are des- 
perately fighting agamst relega- 
tion. and a victory, plus defeat 
for York at Dewsbury, coaid 
keep them in the first division. 
Halifax will not find the going 
easy, particularly since the pitch 
will be heavy after Wednesday's 
thunderstorm, but they win 
have sufficient incentive to go 
all out to secure victory. 

Elsewhere the chase is on for 
home ties in the premiership 
piay-offi with Wigan, who are at 
home to Leeds, looking for 
second place, as consolation for 
just missing out on the 
championship should Halifax, 

• The Silk Cut challenge cup 
final between Casdeford and 
Han Kingston Roms at Wem- 
bley on May 3 will be a royal 
occasion for the first time since 
1980: The cup and medals will 
be presented by Princess 
Alexandra, the third time die 
will have officiated, her pre- 
vious finals being Wigan v 
Hunslet in 1965 and Warrmgton 
v Widncs in 1975. 

• The Rugby League has 
recommended a ban on artificial 
pitches after studying a detailed 
report which detailed the total of 
non-contact injuries, particu- 
larly jn American footbalL De- 
spite the han. Salford are still 
eager to find an artificial turf 
surtable for rugby. 

Stockport bid 
to join League 

Stockport County FC have 
applied to join the Rugby 
League (Keith Macklin writes). 
The man behind the application 
is Mike Marsland, a chartered 
accountant, who has resigned as 
a director of Swinton. The 
manager of the new dub, should 
the application be approved by 
i the League's Annual meeting in 
June, would be Roy Lester, who 
recently resigned from a similar 
position with Fulham. Also 
! likely to join the new set-up are 
Mike Peers, the Swinton assis- 
tant coach, and Ken Green, the 
.former Swinton and Leigh 
scrum- half. 

New boys will get 
a wet baptism 

By Richard Streeton 

In keeping with the recent 
blight on English cricket, today’s 
opening of the season at home 
seems likely to be delayed by 
■wet weather. Pools of water were 
cleared yesterday from the plas- 
tic sheets covering the square at 
Oxford, where the University 
play Somerset. 

There was slightly mote op- 
timism about Cambridge 
University’s game with 
Leicestershire, though some wa- 
ter had seeped under the covers. 
A Sunday start io the match 
might be considered if play was 
impossible today. 

Botham, Gamer and Rich- 
ards win not return until the 
fchampionsbip programme next 
Saturday and Somerset include 
four newcomers at Oxford. 
Among them are Jonathan 
Hardy, formerly with Hamp- 
shire. and Rayner Blitz, aged 18, 
a wicketkeeper, from Essex. 

Laurie Potter (ex-Kflutl awl 
Winston Benjamin, an Antt- 
guan fast bowler, make their 
first appearances for Leicester- 
shire. who.- in the absence o. 
Gower and Willey, wffl be ted by 
Briers. Willey, who relumed 
home early from West fodres. 

will be on enriches fora wither 
week after a knee operation and 
will not play for a month. 

Snowfalls and ram have 
caused Yorkshire to caned one- 
day practice matches this week- 
end and against Lancashire at 
Headingley on Monday. York- 
shire trained in the Channel 
Islands last week and qgamsz 
Jersey. Boycott, inevitably, 
claimed tire season’s first 

• Two articles on prospects 
for the English domestic sea- 
son will he p ublished hi The 
Tones next Tuesday and 


Sailors in squabble 
over right to work 

Fremantle. (Reuter) — The 
New Zealand challengers for 
yachting’s greatest prize, the 
America's Cup, have threatened 
their British rivals with legal 
action in a bitter row over a 
yach tsman . The British syn- 
dicate, in turn, publicly accused 
the New Zealanders of "bully 
boy" tactics in keeping one of its 
shore maintenance men who 
wanted to move to the British 
camp here. 

The row reflects the keen 
competition among the 14 for- 
eign syndicates who will com- 
pete in October's elimination 
races for the right to challenge 
an Australian defender for the 
Cup in February next year. 

The yachtsman, Andy 
Me Nab, had a contract with the 
New Zealand syndicate winch 
said that if his employment 
terminated he may never sup- 
port an America's Cup cam- 
paign by any other country, 
yachting sources said. 

HaroW Cudmote. skipper of 
the British syndicate, said he 
was very disappointed that the 
New Zealanders had resorted to 
legal threats over the issue. “The 
days of slavery are gone. This is 
ridiculous. It is supposed to be a 
sport and this is quite unaccept- 
able behaviour,” Cudmote told 
journalists on Thursday. 
Michael Fay. chairman, of the 
New Zealand challenge, said 
yesterday that the matter was 
dosed, it bad been resolved 
satisfactorily and the team 
member had decided to stay 

with the New Zealanders.He 
confirmed that the “snumtoa 
did reach a stage where the legal 
side of things bad to be spelled 
out.” Cudmore said he bad 
taken legal advice winch 
claimed the clause to be invalid 
and said he would have sup- 
ported McNEab is any 

The dispute comes after a row 
earlier this week . between 
Australia's top two America's 
Cup svudicates over the right to 
defend “The Auld Mug* neat 
February. The syndicate of Alan 
Bond, the Penh millionaire, 
which won the Cup in 1983 with 
Australia 2. said it might not 
take part in further trials with a 
rival Perth syndicate after an 
attack os the capability erf the 
Bond boats. 

The Kookaburra syndicate of 
Kevin Parry, a supermarket 
tycoon, claimed that if the Cup 
defender's final had been held 
this month Alan Bond's boats 
would not have been is conten- 
tion. The final wtnkifcsve bees 
a contest between Kookaburra I 
and Kookaburra H, according to 
Malcolm Bailey, the syndicate 
executive director. 


Northamptonshire wifi be 
sponsored by the Anglia Build' 
mg Society for the fonbeonnsn 
cricket season. The society wifi 
back the comny for each catch 
taken by their players in tire 
Britannic Assurance champion- 
ship ■■ 

Holmes is . 

out to 
regain his 

las Vegas (Reuterl - Uny 
Holmes, calling himself a mav- 
erick who has stopped trying io 
please anyone but btmwft rays 
that he has come here for one 
reason - to redahn the heavy, 
weight title from Mictad 
Spinks by a knock-out tonight-/ 
-Over the years yougujs havj 
xaken away my confidence, 
■rtterfe ine slack off my training." 
Holmes told reporters- “Now I 
am concentrating on what I 
want to do. When I gp* fight and 
wound op for a big »ghi I my 
things that^ might he 

misunderstood- “ 

Holmes, ^aged 36. said ti»t 
losing bis tide to Spinks, the 
former undisputed tigb t-hcavy- 
wdght champion, on a decision 
fast September was pr obabl y the 
best thing that ever happened, to 
him because it made him realize 
r hoi no one but himself and bis 
family cared about him as a 

“I’ve got fed mgs, too," be 
said. “I get hurt and my kids gta 
faun when they read this ne& 
ative stuff in tire papers. I figure 
if I stay away from the Press I 
can’tgtt bun.” 

Holmes, who has been modes 

narrow favourite by book- 
makers here after having been a 
6-1 favourite the last time, has 
been sharply criticized far tact- 
less statements in tire wake of 
tns.fir5i defeat as a profess onaL 

He said Rocky Marciano 
“couldn't cany my jock-strap” 
after failing to match tire fare 
champion's unblemished record 
of 494X Several weeks after the 
defeat he suggested that judges 
bad stolen bis title and might 
■have been drunk. He Uucr 
apologized but bis public stand* 
ing was damaged. _ . £ 

Cowdell in line 
for record 

Pat CowddJ on Thursday 
took the British super-tea ther- 

Doherry, of Bradford, who was 
appearing in front of his home 
crowd, and' gave a chilling 
demonstration of the gulf (hat 
exists between himself asd the 
rest of the division. Doherty, 
aged 23. proved a dogged oppo- 
nent and bad hot been off his 
feet when the referee stopped 
the contest in the scab round. 

CowdeU. aged 32, who set a 
British record when be won the 
featherweight Lonsdale belt oui- 
rigfat in tea than six months, 
may improve upon this as a 
saperfeather w e ig hi. Provided, 
there ara no complications ht. 
will defend his new title against 
Naijd Deha.- of Manchester, 
next month, and could have 
seamed the belt by June. 



First division 

Bmflktqham v Southampton 

Second division 
Blackburn v Sheffield Ufcf . 
Carlisle v Fu&ram — 

Chelsea v Newcastle C Pataca vLeeds 

Coventry v Luton . 

Evertoov Ipswich 

Man City v Nottingham F, 

Shaft Wed v A Vito 

(Tottenham v Man United 
1 Watford v West Ham — 
W8A v Liverpool 

Huddersfield v Brighton 

Hull v Chariton — 

HOwafl v Bradford — - 

Norwich v Stoke 

Thiid division . 
Blackpool v Wateafl — — 
Bournemouth v Doncaster 
Bristol C v Swansea ~~— 

Bury v Rotoerhem 

Cardiff v Bristol R — 

Fourth division 
-Aldershot v Stockport 
Cambridge * Crewe - 

Exeter v Bumtoy 

Mansfield v Swindon . 

Orient v Chester . 

OWfcam v MkWesbrough - — 

Portsmouth vSrimsby 

Shrewsbury v Wimbledon 

Sunderland w Barnsley 

Chesterfield v Brentford 
Darlington v Reacting — . 
Derby vBoteon 

Scottish premier (Svision 

Celtic vHfcemiafi. 

GS&igharo v Wolverhampton . 

Notts Co v Newport 

Wigan v Plymouth 

York v Lincoln — 

Clydebank v Dundee Utd . 
DundBe v Motfierwel — 
St Merer) v Rangers 

Scottish first division 

Airdrie v Ayr 

Clyde v ABoa 

0(HA LEAGUE: BamMvTgH ortt; Bosto n 
UnM * KidthKmnsM r . OwterYiagt v 
NunaMon; Pftford v_ Bafr; Enfi e M v 
Northirtch: IWrinq y Dagan My MMd- 
skxin y Barrow; Runoom v Altrincham; 

vMoic AteMsjrir UsmerTwttfc Ba ttoir 
StUWK Rncftay w Oxfenl Oty; Hampton 
’FBromlsjr;N 8 rtDiYvTBx/y:Horecta*rf)Y 
Wttanhtebd Utt Lewes w Grays; St 
AMns r WbAqo and Msrenanx UxWOgB v 
Leyton Wn^as: Wmnbtoy v Leytonstone 
Bford Second Ortrttm north: Barren * 
Clapton; ChaHont St Peter v Ropkn 
HareMd * Vsuxhsl Motors: Haringey 
Boro v Hertford (at Hertford. 3S0);.>temrt 
Hempstead v Beumemsted; UUiwarth 
GC vHey bridge Sw tte; SaWro n Wanton * 
ftsnham; Trfng * Stevenage Borrotft; 
Ware v Mngsbuiy. Second fansta eoude 
BraOoieS v Ftactowd HsaOt East&ourm 
IM v Bansteed; Egham y Horsham; 
FeBham v OorWnB; Hiingertord v 80 UW 8 ; 
Marlow v WhyWwto: Lferiropoftan rreaee 
y SoflttrwJdC FUisSp Manor 9 Motesay; 
Wofdng v Camberisy. 

Beoworth v Crawtey; DwSey v Corby (St 
BSston); Mkastone v Gosport; Graves- 
end v Afiectnireh ; Kina's Lym v Witney; 
HS Southampton » Fsfler Sbepstied v 
Fa reha mi waning v Basingstoke: 
WMenhsfl V Aylesbury; Woreeat o r v 
Chrtrratonl Mdfand dnWon: Bfldgnonh 
v Binluy; Bromsyow » l^cestor UM; 
Grantham v Forest Green Hovers; 
Hedneskxd v OkStn; Lewrdngton v 
Co«eflfey Sporting: MOB Oak Borere v 
Moor Green; Red&toh v Mwttwr TytJH; 
SfouttioOW ¥ Busfldeff, VS Ru^V v 
Sutton CoWtett vSfcngborough v 
Bistort. Seutftam tgri tk a e Andorar v 
Shepper. AsMordvTtnnBt; BMrtrem and 
— - Dorchasmr. Chatham v 
v To»*rt*e; rtrstinps v Woortfcr* Rualp 
w Watertoortie; Srtfe&wy v Dunstabte:. 
TronOrtdpe v Enth and 

MA.HPART LEAGUE: Bangor City « 
MsUocto Burton * Rhjt CMTOrfon v 
Morecsnbe; GmstwaO * Os w aMr y 


r, South Uvwpool w Burton Wttton 
r Worksop « Honnch. 

Manchester Unteed v west B romwi ch; 
N ot t ingham Forest vfllacMwm. 

MNwaJh Bristol Homts » Chetssa (£30fc 
QPH « Luton (ZjO); HeafSng v Portsmotsh 
C-OL Southampton v Tottenham; Swan- 
sea v Brrmlnghani CUfr, West Ham v 
Fulham (2.0). WM p Mta Areerof <t 

Otstferw; BaRymera v CBanavon; Cantck v 
esnonwh; Crusaders v Bangor: Nenry v 
CotsosM; Poriadown « UnfakL 

fW dNiMnni BeaBngton » SouSi Ban te 
BMngham SynAorxa v WltHtoy Bay. 
Btshop Auctend v Pererise (3.15); 
Ferryfia v Cflsster ie Street Harttapod * 
Consstt Byhop* CA y Brandon Utd; 
Speonymoor v Gretna (3.15V; Tow Law v 
BUi^ant NMr v North SMrtds. 

mtor dMs to i Barnstaple v Brtetoi cRr 
B tdefdrd v OevedonfaWd « Udaaro 
AtaMe; CHmenham v Etanouth; Oswhsh 
w Ctandown; Paitaon Rovers v Torrtngton; 
Plymouth Amvie v MeOtshant: Satonm tin . 
V Mangotswid fit* Shepton MaSet r 
Bristol Manor Farm; Weston-wjper'Mare 
« Mtnehead. 

Halstead; BrinW i nH ae a * Gggesftaft 
CTielmstord « Wirermoe; East Thuneck v 
Cenrer istand; Eton Manor v WWiam: 
Makton v Orwitwood. Sawtxldgswortti v 
Ford (Jtd. 

rftrta w ri: Cambridge Utd v (pswVch; ChG- 
sea v West Ham; Fulham v Nomnch; 
MSteia* * tame Orient v Portsmouth: 
Southend v Watton* T o ttsn r m u v OPR. 
Seem cf Msi o n. firamtord v Brighton: 

E Fife v Montrose 
Falkirk v Brechin _ 
Forfar v Parts* 

Hampton v Morton 

IGknaraock v Dumbarton . 

Scottish second division 

Arbroath v Queen of Slti 

Dunfermline v EStkfing 

Meadowbtetk v Berwick 

Quern's Park v Cowdenbeath ■_ 


Wrexham v Torquay 

Vauxhafl-Ope! League 

Barking v Wokingham —— — ... 

awericayv Hayes — 

Bogncrv Windsor 

Cotchesnr v Bristol Rorerr. Crystal 
Palace v SwMon; Tottenham y Bourne- 
mouth: Wbnbtodon v Southend. 

fV—ilsr tWWcrc Eaton Bray_ Utd v 
Wtawyn GC (ZJOk Hoddssdon v CranfaU 

Utt Knotworlh w Ashcrott CoOp; 

LmgtanJ v Latahtixr, Mton Keynes Boro 
« Simngton; Nms BradwoS St Peter v 
Pinon (L30); Setoy v 61 FC Luton 
Sheftord * Wtnetow Uto. first tBrtsten 
Sggteswacle v Bucttn^am Athtadc 
BectroUm v UK Utrfc leKfcfort v Breehe 
Spans; Sandy Atom v HarpMKten; 
Tottamhoe « Wmyn Gantan UM; waiden 
Rangers « Pdstons and Mnghoe. 

orier c&ritSoft Ash Utd v Oortttaa 
Weytndga » One: Cobhsn » teflar 
Wlntney Crantrrt v Chertsey: 

Rovers V GodaWng; ftiritaMv 
Water Frimtey Oman v M taten.T& wi; 
Ma Wen Vato v Hettay; Merathaii » 

Promier fgrtrtow Bonritry VW v Boston; 

Utd v Armtnorpe wtsw rarwwwcv 
Arnold; Gusley » AJIretor; ttomor v 
Sutton. Bteston v Betoer. Long Baton UM 
v Emtey; PontalretfCote » Spaiteifl UM; 
Thaddey v Apptetoy Frofflngham. 

iMaiM Qurzsn Muon » fonntoy 
Eastwood: Hon ley v Leytend Mtanre 
Haewrood v (rteffu Ctossop v Accrintapn . 
Stanley; Leek v Penrith: Presoot OOM v 
Rsdcflffe Boro: WlnstoTO Utd y 

:to^dS q UM v Warring- 
iCetec vCafteroe. 

Braintree v Gorteston; Clacton v By Ctriy; 
Cotctoester Utd » Hteu*s Peaxstpwe v 
Great Yarmouth: HavertM Rovera » 
Tsjtroe utd; Lowestoft v Soham Town 
Rangers; March Town Utd v Harwich and 
P: Newmarket v Sudbury: Srewmartst v 
Chetteits: WisMcfi v Brantham AtMetic. 

St Johnstone v Attiion _ 
Stranraer v Stofasmair 



LEAGUE: Premier dMatem AmpmtxH v 
HolbBBCh; Brackley v Eyjwsbury; 
Desboraugh v Stodaa. hriUBruBorough v 
Buckingham: Newport Paoteev Raunde; 
Northampton Spencer v Ffethweft Potion 
V WooaonrSt Neota v Aneaey. S and L 

Utd; Rayners Une 
aiortwood Utdv YMb. 

Bedtora v Monotype Spam; Frtnton 
Rovers Tfawontc London Rre Brigade * 
SpringMd Hospdta WWeysnd District v 
Asfdord Town; Worcester writ y Pvrtort. 
final AMriRr: WeOon Cssuats i Dfflon F 
and SC. 

tdTS ^BOR LEAGUE: Bedmond So- 
daJ v Wingate; Ewrfaaen v Coctdosters; 
Leawsden HospiW » Mount Grace: 
Potters Bar Crusadera v Oxhey Jets; St 
Mrrr^aretetjigfY Sovtegdon; Sun Sports y 


Rve Nations v Overseas SUntone 

Lfierpoofv Northampton 
Bedford v Btontagham ' 

Bkkenheed Parte vRonwfay 
Bnadtefliv NoMn^i an r - 
Camborne v Lydney . 

CPVBntnr v Portfyjwof ■ 

Cross keys v Newport 
HabwVaterPortypridrf . 

Exaterv Tredegar 
Harrogate v Moiey 
Hartlepool Rovara v HaNfax . 

Kendte irShefoetd 
Launceston v Barnstaple 
Leicester v Gcsfontr 
Maastegv Bristol 

Newbridge » Penarth * 


Nuneaton vPlymouBi 


Sale v Gloucester 

S Wales PoScevGbmorgvrWhdri - 
Swansea v Aberavon 
Torquay YAbedOery 
Vale Ol Lune vRugby 

West Harttepool w HwtrSnMey 
West ot Scotland v Broughton Paifc ' 

aln v Frence (at netraond. 12JIJ. 


■Croydon v 8 StorttonJ 

Epsom v Worthing _ — 

Harrow v Fareborough 

Kkigstonian t Carehahon 

Stougft v Waft ha matow — — 

Saaou v MfcNn 

Tooting v Hendon 

Yeavi v'XJOMCh — — « 


Higham; Cotringhem v - Cogonhoe; 
HdhBSUf v Ford SportK'Dn Cherwcte v 
Timken AtMaric Ramsey v Shomtoraok; 
Thrap sto n v Otney; Tttmea Duston v St 
Nes; Towcaster t Baker PerWna; 
W U tw u rttoa vKampaton. 

vMon: CWcfae tla r CiQr v Steynteg Ebsp 
bourne Town v shoretm: Horehem 
YMCA v Burgess WL LteWmplon v 
Kadsham (2AR NMhurst ano E v Arundel 
(2.0): Ringmer v Peaoehaven and Ti 
Whttehaa^v Three Bridges (2.0). Second 
dhriston: Albion Utd v lMgmxe AWede 
Bosttam -v Heywente Heath; East 
Grinamad v Ferring (2.Q: UngfleM v 
Oekwood BJOp Past a m v PranUmds 
VBage tZ\fc SUey Utd v Sete ey : 
Stvnngton w Wick. 

dhriston: Amershan v Bsekton Utd; 
Bnmsdown Rovers v Yemkng; Crown m 
Manor v CoBer How HanweS » RedMfc 
Pennant v Northwood; Sw en tey v 
. Thatcham v Denson. Swrici 
; Bsrklngslfte v Penhfll Standard; 
Cfnogford v CortoWai Casuals; Royal 
Areenat v Wandsworth; Southgate Am a 
Brent Southwark Sports v Catfonj 
Wanderers; Ufyssss r Brot) Barnst. 

Premier tSv & ten : AUngdon TOW) v 
Supermarme: Akoondsbury Greenway v 
WatetgfoiTfc Btoeater v Sharpness: 
FaMont v More to ft MaManha ad V 
Abmgdon Utd: Pegasus jnrs v Thame 

Cambridge University v 

THE PARKS: Oxford Untreetay v Somer- 
set (11430 to R30J 


BMWBMTON: foter-cSte chterptonship; 
Ftoats (ex Wokfog). 

BASKETBALL: to W^senrica senior and 
jtedor ctoempkxnMpe <at HMS NeteonL 
BOWLS: Fathers and sons chmnpfoo- 
sMpa: Rnate (M North Devon Leteure 
Cwxre. Bamstapto). 

GOLF: SeQxime Salver tec B ted u noort 
Motoers 5 daugfttare (ST Royal Mf 

EUUESIHVUt WfiM j inaf l Badminton 
horse trials (Bt Badminton, Award. 
HOCKEY: IM Cup: geariltaiet iaca * 
Pickwick (2J)fc Carmook v Southgate (4-0)- 
McE wen’s Leper Sooth 
R ecSona li' ttant Tnnac Lewes v OU 
Wttamsontens. Areas: Suss e x that «B- 
wakre South Saxons v Growborough. 
W otne a’ a dob' sauehec Aodrerieite v 
M aUat an s ; CenXxfoge Chy v St Neats: 
Hayes v Eestcate: L ewes v Beacfl- 
conreerte fwanow. v stOfeangTHWoenhestf 
v NPL; Net West Bette v Uoyds Bute; 
Rsatflng v Wycombe Wgtg O e w i oak a v 
Turtor^ja Wele; Soodi Saxons v 

ICE HOCKEY: Heine Iren Lengee 
ttoteito kmetilp p tey o rt*. Q ua rterU fte te 
Ayr Briiins » Dufiam WteRte &30b 
Ne cB i g t ian i P anB wre vMwrayftetoRac- 
et 8 (£ 30 ). FM (Babkai trophy; RnL 
second tar Iflfl VaBey urn * SaNwfi 
Barons (fS3). 

HMOBALte BrtM) lean Wotvee Pdy 
'S3 v Brentwood 7Z(6-0r 

Ashton vOMWacofSans: Heaton Mone y 
v Sate: Sheffield v Cheadhr. Stockport v 
Unnston. Soutfi of Engtend six a sate 
tournamaRt {m Orpington SC. 

REAL TENNIS: Quean's Qub centenary 
tournament (at Quean's Cfobt Gaoree 

SSSaSSST *+•' s 

SNOOKBfc Embassy world p t ota m orel 
Jtei Bpion stapa tmShafflBta). 

SQUASH RACKETS: Hi-Tech ^JOfts Btit- 
ish open (at Wembley CCt tetecl Wight 
open (u Wwtodge SC, Ryde); Eastway 
open pa Eastwey SC). 

TENMS: British Home Stores Cumber-, 
tend tournament fist Cumber la nd LTC. 
Hampstead): totersprina . Croat p*e- 
qwte^tog^tt Nonrich LTl SRQLDoreet 
oosetf ctttmpionshfpB (te 


Milk Cup 

Oxford UnBecfv OPR 

Scottish premier divistoft 

Hearts v Aberdeen 


GocteCL3m. .. 

FtesL S"» ley Bromssirove v GcwWW^r 




Torcpjay v Nottanham • 

HEtSdN SEVENS: T«dd Knot Tlepftf 
toumam w a {at Great Noon Way, 2.0L 

vttdon event (ZjOL • . . 


Caottaforo v SeUord asati Dewsbury * 
York (SSO): HaOtor v fWwstone; HJ v 
WtaTtogtomHiAKRv SwMon; St Htteoa 
v Otdhsm; Wigan V Leeds. 

SECOTTO DWtsiOtt Baoey V Bteckpoefi 
Carttsle « Bnarrtay: Doncaster * 
WWtehevsn (3.30^ Loigh » Barrow (3.3® 
MMWfteWM V RttoOTTTiH PJ30)-. Ftodxtej* 
v (CaJgMmr Sheffield E v Futeam JSMl 
Waken ala v HuddersItaU (3.30)- 
Wtaridngtonv Hunslet 


BAOMOfTOH: tetercMt ch amplo reWp 
SneSs (at Wdong). 

BOWLS: Father* end sons champtoo- 
strips: finals (at North Devon u5w» 
Centre. Barnstaple). * 

EATON FIVEB: LmSea L*amptem*taW . 
H)giy BtfiooL.-tOJO^ 

__ . Hens: 


EOUESTITtAM Whttoresd 

horas trials (at Bartmhwn, Avoffi. 

GOLft Hampshire Hog (at North Hants!. 
HAMMALU Btateh League: Bientwood 
72 if Wohws fitly TSS (S8mf. Brt8ah Cf*f 
Mfoarem fl ai l fl are OiSewnfcre Coflege 
v Robert Jenkins (2. IS). 

HOCKEY: HA Cap: Antes. 

ICE HOCKEY.- Hahteken Leag eer Pter 

tourna ment (at Oneen's-Oub): Georg 

Wrinpey UndanEI 
canSns School}. 

open singtes 

Mars LonCjl 

SNOOKER: Bnbwsy worid profess**^ 
ehamptonfrips (at ShetMo). 

SQUASH RACKETSe Easlway open g 

sssa, 3 ®. 1 ?^ ISWTLS 

Brttteh open (at OunmngsnriH SCI 






Nomination ' has been 
primed by Paul Cole espe5a£ K? ** on equal 

ly for today’s CIerical,MedjcaI . vL 


just a- bit too far for him. 

Nomination will be ridden 
with greater restraint today 
than he was last year by 
Richard Quinn and bis train- 
er, who has got off to such a 
splendid start at Whatcom be. 

impressive, buf it. has to be 
said that it was achieved 
against only others who had 
never run. From Newmarket I 
bear that Flattery is expected 
to give Steve Cairthen a good 

nde m the newly 

- — , . ' '4- 



When he won the Rich- 
mond Stakes on soft ground at 
Goodwood last summer. 
Nomination put up one of the 
soundest performances of the 
season. For behind him that 
day were Wednesday’s Free 
Handicap winner. Green 
Spseru Stalker and Bold Ar- 
rangement Between them as 
two-year-olds they were des- 
tined to win the July Stakes, 
the Flying Childers Stakes, the 
Guncrack Stakes, the Middle 
Park Slakes and the Solano 

Allocated 9si 41b in the Free 
Handicap, he was rated 2 lb 
above Lead on Time. 4 lb 
more than Eaustus and S lb in 
front of Hailgaie, who seems 
much less likely to stay on 

Celtic Heir, who won the 
Horns Hill Stakes here at 
Newbury in the autumn, was 
niven 8 st 10 b by the handicap- 
J&r, who chose not to rate any 
of the other runners as highly. 

When Lead on Time won 
the Criterium de Matsons- 
Laffitte at the end of October 
he had Nomination three 
lengths behind in fourth place. 
But Nomination was attempt- 
ing to give him 9 lb that day 
and it was the end of a long 
season. Now that be is fresh 
again he should be capable of 

anonymously in memory of 
the late Bridget Fcthersion- 
Godley, whose son Martin, m 
ms first season as a trainer. 

will be represented by 


The champion jockey will 
« on the Scottish Derby 
winner Eagling in the Lanes 
End Porter Stakes, but here I 
prefer Seismic Wave, who ran 
the race of his life at Saint- 
Cloud last July when he so 
nearly beat Strawberry Road 

Seismic Wave will be ridden 
by his trainer Barry Hills’s son 
Richard as the stable’s num- 
ber one jockey Brent Thom- 
son will be at Thirsk to partner 
Sure Blade in the Ciratax 
Classic Trial Stakes. 

It will be bitterly disap- 
pointing if Sure Blade fails to 
take full advantage of what 
appears to be an ideal warm- 
up for the 2,000 Guineas. 

At Ayr Pleaty Sandy looks to 
have a good chance of adding 
the William Hill Scottish Na- 
tional to his already impres- 
sive list of achievements. As 
he is accustomed to carrying 
12 st or more he will not know 
what has hit him when be feels 
only lOst 81b on his back this 
time. Helen Hamilton's tough 
old war-horse has won at Ayr 
five times already. He is. in 
form and he wil] not fail for 

want of s tamina. 

Araprti and Simon Whitworth cruising seven lengths clear in the Beckhampum Maiden 
Stakes at Newbury (PhotographJan Stewart) 

Maysoon makes her mark 

Michael Stoats has a won- 
derful chance of ending his 
1,000 Guineas boedoo follow- 
ing the emphatic victory of 
Maysoon in yesterday's 
Gainsborough Stud Fred Dar- 
ting Stakes at Newbury. 

Maysoon not only adver- 
tised her own each-way pros- 
pects at Newmarket in 12 
days' time but, in so doing, 
disposed of several of the 
principal rivals to her stable 
companion, Sonic Lady, the 
impressive winner of 
Tuesday's Nell Gwyn Stakes. 

Considering the quality of 
the opposition, Maysoon's 
success was surprisingly easi- 
ly gained. Taking op the 
running Vh furlongs out. Wai- 
ter Sffinbnrn quickened dear 
on the daughter of Shergar 
and none of his rivals was able 
to mount a serious ghallwiy _ 

Asteroid Field stayed on 
well to be second, a length and 
a half behind Maysoon with 
Tanonma three lengths bock 
in thinl, ahead of the disap- 
pointing market leaders, 
Gwydion and Kingante. 

By Phil McLennan 

As a result of Kbigscote's 
defeat* Sonic Lady hardened 
to 11-8 for the 1,000 with 
Hills, who make Maysoon 
second best at 8-1. Asteroid 
Field and Kingscote are cou- 
pled at 10-1 with 12-1 avail- 
able bar the four. 

Any doubts about Maysoon 
avoiding Sonic Lady at New- 
market were dispelled by the 
stud's manager, Michael 
Goodbody, who said: “She 
non very impressively and 
we'd be silly not to let her take 
her chance." 

Asteroid Field ran a fine 
race considering she has been 
held np in her work, and Barry 
Hills, her trainer, expressed 
himself delighted. However, 
would-be Guineas supporters 
should hold then bets as she is 
in the same ownership as 
Sock Lady and h is possible 
she may be switched to the 
French 1,000 Guineas. 

Henry Cecil offered no ex- 
cuses for Gwydion, who ap- 
peared not to stay and is now 
likely to revert to sprinting. 
Jeremy Tree said that 

Kingscote “blew up" but even 
allowing for that, it was a 
disappointing performance 

Cedi enjoyed better lock in 
the Spring Maiden Stakes 
with Paean, on whom Steve 
Cauthen rode a copybook race. 
Lord Howard de Walden, who 
won last year's Derby with 
Slip Anchor, tipped Paean for 
the premier classic at the 
Derby lunch in April and 
showed no signs of changing 
his opinion after yesterday’s 
dear-cat success. “YVe’ve done 
it once and 1 see no reason why 
we shouldn't do it again ,* 1 be 

Paul Eddery , who was 
banned for four days for 
careless riding at Newmarket 
ms Thursday, received a fur- 
ther seros-day suspension, 
from Aprti 27 to May 3 
inclusive, for the same offence 
when FramKngton Court was 
demoted from second to third 
in the Stroud Green Handicap, 
won by Modrfk. Eddery will 
now miss the Guineas mggring 
at Newmarket. The two sus- 
pensions will run concurrently. 


Televised: 2JJ, 230, 130 

Going: soft 

Draw: no advantage 







Laser. 14-1 

HQH URGE (SheWi AS Abu Khamsin) ■ Baking 8-11 
LAKE ONEGA (1*3 D Buna) W Jarett Ml 

QUESTS VtSff (MakKxan AJ Maktcxnn) P WaMryn 8-1 1 

SOLO SKGBI (Mrs E Hewer) P tote 8-1 1_ 

SMEOIE SPECIAL (Hotena 8pringWkl Ltd) P Cole 8-11 
Moss. 4-1 Buttery. 9-2 GBttr. 7-1 High Image. 10-1 AraSka. Argon 
16-1 Quean's Visit 20-1 others 


120028/ BOLD INMAN {Sir P Oppeotafcner) G Worn 50-18___^_ 0 DutMd 14 
tk 2 022101- ADVANCE (D) (K AtxhiS) J Tree WM SCantonlS 

103 031000- QO BANANAS (C4»U*sK Nay) Khmry 5^0 fl Codon* 2 

104 11/14O-0 THAT'S VOW LOT PWM Ooray) J Francome 4-8-13. L Jotmwy (7)20 

10$ 124/100 REALLY HONEST fln (E Si George) RHutcHnson 5-8-12— — § 

106 01/4141- TRULY RARE {IISIQ(tQ{SMkiillohBmilB(l)M Smuts 4-00 WHMotssO 

107 41210- BCXI)DB4 (Crfn [Dcwager Lady BeasrartjrookjW Hem 4-4-7 . W Canoe 17 

8AHOTSHEi9fc(Mre AFerguSoo)0 M-SmBh5-9fi — BJUiumS 










1 UM 20 

^^HALLFAR «c-m 

1103401 CORK STREET I 
0100-01 STAR OF A I 
W 341000- POHTOGOHl 

no zmm-mmrnm 

122 100000^ ■ 

123 4001-03 SHEUJMNl 

124 014*04 RAMA PRAT* 
12$ 211310 BUNQABUR6] 

126 303442 YHG»«y[| 

127 404000 mamem 


90-4 (7ft G BaxHr4 

, Rad Eddery 15 
S Damon ($11 

842 l-...-! - DMcfiyS 

• ..■-- -raifci-ra 

Pepatewnoil) S DowrW-11_. AModaylB 

844lIlZ~L RFw 

-7-11 t N Horn 7 

E*B)P totem 5-7-10. ,T 

(NCuneJDOughion 4-7-7 .BCmtty® 

Batten, Com Sto**, 

&30 LANES END JOHN PORTER EBF STAKES (Group lit £25,540; 
1m 41) 01) 

401 1/10120- QOID Aim IVORY R/SAKCXD)(FUBlorO I Baking 500 B Rouse 4 

402 OOOm- SBSMC WAVE (USA)(R Songster) B Hto 50-11 RHk2 

4(6 134023- CHAUWBCffi)(C Booth) RJVWans $04 W Canon 1 

406 211310- EAfiLMG flan H dB WUdfln) H Caol 444 SCnliMnS 

408 O122D0- KUBLAI (USAVDI (Mrs S Khai) G Lewis 444 P Wahfem7 

409 1/010- LEADING STM (C) (The OUHn) I BSkfen 444 GSTwtoy 3 

410 140232- LEMIH (C)(S Vinton) MBtaatfiaid 444 R Cretan* 5 

412 0(02214- SOLAR CLOMP (B (Mm A McEtwitqDWchotBon 444 A Murray 6 

54 Gold And hnry. 2-1 Seistiilc Wave, 11-2 Easing, 12-1 Lemftfi, 14-1 Laadtog 
Star, Kubtai.20-1 others. 

1 m 47 soft Now 24 . 1 
4t attest 

Sowortn) K SlOns 4-7-11 ■ 

> (USA)(MraGTtiorrCwr»)G ( 


6-1 Star of a tonrter. 7-Tftona Tnuap. 4-1 Go Genera 1 * Batten, Com So 
10-1 Truely Ram. Advance. 12-1 Patrtoch, Shatoteo. 144 Vfcrfrt We, 160 others. 

It (B- 13 ) unptoced to SwiftoS Rudolf (8-13) 15 ran. Japan Cup 
(9-0) Wi6eeten2S)M to Rainbow Quest (9*0)7 ran. Bjiswnlm 

■bMC WAVE(B-a) 2nd beaten nk to Swaw6enyRca*0(9-8) 7 ran. 

StCtou3lm4t*tkBgood Juhf7.BHW4TCO(11-2)won3lfRjniArBe8nO-3l29rBn.Don- 
m caster 1m 2fmat e tt 5 good Mar 21. CHA U1M RE (94) 3rd beaten 2a to Shardarig-im 
,7 «g0h EAQLJNG (4-7) 701 bemen over 29.0 ran. Newbury 1m 4f good Oct 2B LE^)G 
n STAR P-7) 11th toTVambUnt (90)31 ran. Newmarket 1m It h‘cap good to Bnn Oct 5. 
n earlie r LEADWQ STAR (p-13) wori9^m = 

■iDjtaSstl. I 


I from Kuturna (9-4) 15 ran. Navmuy Ira 2( h eap 

f^^«ow 8 Mi' ato roaAgrj^W^^l»«T>mntiW 0 rantoMn(S^^^^ 

) 3rd beaten 4 J4 1 to Bounty 

STAR (9-7) 4tfi bewenAltUol 

Lacaeter im h'cap Brm Oct 22. SHEUJMN ( 

ran. Newcastle mih'cap ealt Mar 2ft. RAMA I 

(44) and CORN STREET (8-6) fish of 15 ran. Kempton Imh'cap aoRMer31. VWOM 
ISLE (9-2) 2nd beenn4)tDY)M Rigged (9-1) Brm. Nsvamte Im h'cap soft Mar 31. 

Seioctlan: INDIAN HAL 

Colta A GehSngs: E27JSM: 71) (9) 


202 020140 CELTIC fffiH | 

203 1111®- FAUSniSf - 

204 D11111- HALU3AT 
2m 121- LEAD OH" 

210 101 »* NOMINATION 1 
212 310044 ROARWIS RB7A [W I 

214 31102- VAWGLOMOUSr 

215 1 1- YRASSL TOUCH ( 

(Lord Matthews) I Matthews 94 J — NOaya 
Pont^GPrtchan^QonJan94 SDuhWdB 

tws)HCec4 94 — SCarflhen5 

Reonfflf®a;SHaB40 KHedgicn7 

(MaktoumAJ Maktoum) 0 Ooutab 04— AE&M3 

P Cate 40 _TOBtee 2 

D Lateq40 -R C bbI — 6 

H Candy 40 _GStarioay4 

Newbury selectkms 

By Mandarin 

2J0 Com Street. 2.30 NOMINATION (nap). 3.0 Flattery. 3.30 
Seismic Wave. 4.0 Shades Of Night. 4.30 Dusty Dollar. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 Truly Rare. 230 Lead On Time. 3.0 Fluttery. 330 Eagling. 4.0 
Shades of Night. 4.30 Sir Percy. 

Michael Sedy's selection: 2.0 Corn Street. 

4J) EBF ST ANNE’S MAIDEN BLUES STAKES (2-y-o: £3,255: 5f) 


ABUZZ Ms C Brittain) C Brittain 8-11 M Roberta 5 

3 ALWAYS A LADY (G SUberalM Udwr 6-11 M Wlgtemi 12 

F0U.Y GALE (Mrs A UpstteB) Mr* J Raavey 6-11 IJohnwnll 

tBekte)D Lett 8-11 


j N Lett) G Lewis 6-11 
A vatanani R Kamon 8-11 . 

) (SbeWi AAi Mrttoum) WHem40 _ — W Carton 1 
3-1 Faustus, 7-2 Lead On Tano. Nomination, 9-2 Weasel Touch, 11-2 HaUgsta. 14- 
1 Celtic Heir. 18-1 othere. 

3) Sth beaten lllto 

j8 raw. ^wmwfeetT^te^OOdQtom ^LTIS 


risn. f*Bwa»Kta*7f 


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11-10 Shades of light, 9-2 Always A Lady. 7-1 Abuzz. 10-1 Indtan Sot, Sonoco. 
14-1 Four Uffm. 16-1 Rerigris, 20-1 Conors. 


■ SONO CO (M rs J Garins) W Brooks 6-11M 


1 8-11, 

WISE TIMES (C Cyzar) M Ueher 8-11 - 

J WteuoB 10 


A HcQtoneD 


D McKay 9 

. WRSwinbumE 

T Ontos 3 

— TWWenal 
— 2 

wong from Pantfle P-7) j^M|HAg^(9-2)ffiboaaw] tH#^21M 1 andCEL.'nc^^H 

4SOCOMPTCM MAIDEN STAKES p-yWK £3^442: 1m) (13) 


- "- 1 . 1 

3j0 BRIDGET MAIDEN FILLIES STAKES (3-y-a E4y194: 71) 04). 

” ssaga 

ramS^K^ ^ ELorgonl P tote 8-11 

HUAYTHC (K KWrtMBW M FGOdfaf 8-11 . 







QLTTTS1 (Die Queen) 1 1 


IBR (USA) (SMMi Moh 

44- 0U8TY DOLLAR ptafctDun AJ Mtttoum) W Hem 8-11 
11-4 Dusty Dodar, 4-1 Amir Aftadtt. 82 Zeutwr, 6-1 W&sint, Sr Party, 8-1 Tnpte 
Blufl. 10-1 Aknutanebbi. 14-1 others. 


■ JELLVaOTOWW O ’ Goman 84. 


17 00-2 MSttB 5 Norton 8-7 . 

MLltaUM3 — S Parka* 
J Lowe 2 

M^^Sffl^hnumbers best 

TACtCTT Barron 8-1 1 

il ijSSE5IJi, 


hHM >»8 

iO CUFTON STAKES (2-Y-O: £2468: 51) (7 

,*i i® 

*2 3® 



4-7 Bhiemeda, 54! Panboy. ScoHteh 
Wtecarmocpo, 16-t omare. ' 

Thirsk selections 

By Mandarin 

park- 4.30 Pulham Mills. 


N Tmtdsr 48-51 KTHdw(7)8 

1-5 Sure Blade, 8-1 JaMygoid, 16-1 Supreme tOngdom. 20-1 

3^0 THIRSK HALL EBF STAKES (£8255: 6Q (7) 

3 113- — WWMS 

(BF) K Bmsey 5-9-W — 2 

4 040- a 

5 -022 AMGp 

6 048-. RAIK HATCH LLgrtbnMn44ClO iBTbonaonl 

8 084 MaOOY PARK ^NRwn 44-11 PRoNHn3 

10 SOLAR&GEAHJda4&9 T1vet4 

11 140- LOCHOMCA (D) A Jarwte 3-84 D(0cheBe6 

2-1 Meted* Park. M Powder Keg. 3-1 Amigo Loco. 5-1 

LochonteB. a&7nr,33-l otnsra. 


Y-0: £2,443: 5Q P) 

2 019- adttS »E POMHEaeterby W HBkchS 

5 134- RESTLESS! 

6 140 SS0 MGH B McMahon 8-12, 

8 -008 KB4SB)DAU.KSM»84-. 

9 348 AJWCTCUTW^ W marten 8 4, — H Cantata 9 

10 084 H0B0UWE8 KAT® R Hogwhead 8-3 — - — 7 

11 MO MERCIA GOLD B Moram MJ-;- PBotnecaS 

12 034 THE LlrilE JOWBH WBtt 7-12 ^ —6 

13 000- SPRMG GARDEN N Chnteertain 7-7 — 1 

5-2 Restlen Rha 


y, 3-1 God's hie. 4-1 Amber Clown. 
1 (M Hobo uma 's Katie. 12-1 others. 

- ' '<?; 


^ r - f O’ 

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-*»*■ * 

_ HBfethl 
„ T Lucas 7 
M Wood 

430 BYLAND MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: ££655: 
Im) (18) 



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TO* 8-1 
12 - 1 . 

12 040 DKXtMGHT A 

13 002- WLDRUSH (WW G — ._ _ 

14 iSn BMJJOWKE J B-7' 7 " .TT 7 

16 B HanwwwsAMtwJflwyg : 7 • 

5-2 SlraihMin^JMra^a^ amr’lM^ 

DnuUe Benz. L O BrDattay.vww** Boy. im 

3J) CWTTAX CLASSIC TRIAL (3-Y-O: £4,838: im) 

*! 3 K BHBWBSnnii*®*' 

2 MB ADCTJQH MAN R Htfth«head94. 

5 400 BRADBURY HALL KStoMM-—— CD-ywtS 

7 0- CHANCE REMARK jMSAJBHfcM I - BTh — . 14 

B 400- CTtrniBEg^ijSigc^M^. Ktodgr® 
.15 HEAVY BRIGADE (FS)W Otoman 94 — t tees 1 8 

16 008- HHX RY 0 EJL Hants 94-—---— APntt l 

21 » MAML YN GATE M H EasttrtiySj M8kch ® 

22 04 

23 008- OREWAL EXPRESS FtorrM. _TSM«m3 

24 0 PSJLS CLOSE M.WEesttby 84 — : TLucaaG 


. JRefd17 

PRobfanoe 4 
J Lowe 2 

25 004 PULHAM WUSEEWn 84- 
27 004 RAHOHJOtTGOteroyOM- 


36 ‘ 0- ROSE WltaX3W M H Easterby fl-11 — - J BtomrtHf 7 
M 00- -STRAWBaRY SfUTP Fc^ite 6-11 
2-1 Alpha. Hete M ' 'AuMn Men. S -1 _ 

PuBiate MBte, 10-1 WRyde. Prime Number. 16-1 1 


Croziman has 
bright chance 

by Brian Beel 

Six hones are entered for the 
hunt race at the S.& W. Wilts 
but there are 237 for the other 
five' races. One of these is the 
Land Rover qualifier where 
Croziman. balloted out of the 
Devon and Exeter hunter ’chase 
on Tuesday where he would 
likely have started favourite, 

heads the list. He will be 

difficult to beat even if Tawny 
Myth and Matt Murphy start. 

With Jill Grinyer having the 
choice of Sweet Diana and 
Wiichin and Teresa Elwell of 
BroCkie Law and White Paper, 
Jenny Pidgeon will be hard 
pressed at the Alherstone 10 
increase her lead in the ladies 
title race. 

Oliver Garter could saddle 
Athford to win the mens open at 
the Seavingteu and has a chance 
with Ottery News of completing 
a double m the ladies'. How- 
ever, in this RMC qualifier. Hill 
Express will be difficult to beat. 

Today's point-to-points 

Anemone, amon-on-Dunemore <2.Dt 
Baton. Tbe Cerbobne (2.15): Cwfc 
UntversHy. Cotlenham (1.30); 
CantfffatensMre. Lytfctap (LQJ: Euex. 
Marks Tey (2 (feGemringn. Coley Fom 
im South 4 West wate, UrkhA 
Tefcott, Orimp (25); ttokhan, Bteibury 
Meadows (2.0); 7 

Blinkered first time 

fEWBURY; a30 Sotar Cteud. 

Results page 38 

Gold Carat 
to sparkle 
in trial 

From Our Irish 
Correspondent, Dublin 

The 2,000 Guineas Trial at 
the Phoenix Park this afternoon 
trill certainly live up to its title 
as the three major fancies. Gold 
Carat, Toca Madera and Lon- 
don Tower, all figure among this 
week's final acceptance for the 
Newmqrkgt classic. _ 

It is significant that Vincent 
O'Brien elected to run Gold 
Carat rather than Woodman, 
who was top of the Irish Free 
Handicap. Gold Carat has al- 
ready had a ran this year, 
winning smoothly from Air 
Display at the opening Phoenix 
Park meeting and that form was 
endorsed with Air Display being 
unluckily beaten by Lidhame in 
the Gladness Stakes at the 
Curragh last weekend. 

Toca Madera has not ran this 
season, but won both his starts 
in impressive fashion last back 
end and has been galloping well 
in recent weeks. The Naas 
success of London Tower does 
not add up to much, bm Dennoi 
Weld is confident that he is 
better than the result would 
indicate. But Gold Carat should 
compensate Vincent O'Brien for 
the Tate Gallery debacle last 

Woodman himself makes his 
first appearance of the year over 
six furlongs in the Mill Ridge 

Ian Balding has sent over 
Flyaway Bride for the North 
Ridge Rum 1,000 Guineas 
TriaL She won twice at Bath last 
year but possibly put up her best 
performance when third to 
Gayle Gal in a group one race at 
the Curragh. She could meet her 
match today in Park Express. 

Port Etienne 
to follow up 

From Our French 

Port Etienne, who showed his 
liking for the soft ground with 
an easy victory in the Prix de 
Courcelles at Longchamp two 
weeks ago. can make a success- 
ful return in the Prix NoaiUes, 
the principal race at thet same 
course tomorrow. 

FCmme Elite, who could noi 
handle the din at Aqueduct 
when sixth in the Breeders Cup 
juvenile fillies nice last Novem- 
ber, can make a winning return 
to the turf in the Prix Vanleaux. 

Un Desperado, runner-up to 
Splendid Moment in the Prix 
des Chenes last September, 
should justify favouritism at the 
expense of Malakim, in the Prix 
de Guicbe. 

Course specialists 


TRAMER& H Ceol 38. wteners from 98 
runners. 388%; M Stoute. 21 from 83, 
233%; M Jarvis 6 from 48, 16.7%; 
JOCKEYS: S Cauttwfl. 40 winners mm 
225 rides, 178%; G Starkey. 19 from 131, 
14.5%; G Baxter. 14 from 114. 1 23. 


TRAMERS jimmy Fitzgerald. 10 winners 
from 37 runners, Z7J1%: M H Easwrtoy. 28 
from 114. 248%; Mrs M Dckirann. 18 
from 74. 24.3%. 

JOCKEYS: Mr A Dudgeon. 6 winners from 
20 rtdas, 288%; P Chariton. 19 from 83, 
228%;RL*nt).32fran16S. 198%. 


TRABIER8; W O’Gorown, 10 winner* 
from 29 newer*. 344%; T Barron. 15 from 
68. 22.1%, E Efrfti. 6 from 36, 18.7%. 
JOCKEYS: T NOS. 16 wnnerE from 98 

roes, 1 M%; m eireft. 21 from 181, 

iijb%; 6 pons, tj from 108 . ia2 ^- 


TRAINERS: F Whuff. 12 wtenere from 68 
runners. 106%: J Gtnord, 32 from 174. 
iB.4%; d Gsnaoflo. 12 from 66, 182%. 
JOCKEYS; H Davies. 14 wewiers from 7B 
roes. 17.9%; r Rowe. 10 from 137. 
135%: J Bartow. 7 from 95. 7.4%. 


TRABERSt U H EattTOy. 7 winner* from 
18 rurwets. 43 8%; D BuroheO, 7 from 19. 
3 6.8%; Mr * G Jones, 6 from 24. 259%. 
jockeys; k Mooney. ID winners from 52 
roes. 192%; G MeCourt, 12 from 67, 
17.9%; S Smah Ecctes. 18 torn 79, 1 56%. 

HWtat* 7-11-3 - S Youfrf 
n A G aeetee 7-11-3 dp 

. C Grsnt 

Televised: 1.30, 2.10, 2.40 

Going: good 

HURDLE (£4.183: an 4f; (14 runners) 

1 3101 DSER CREST J A Eowaros 6-11-10 . PBwton 

2 C20C GRAIrtWiPiUWUrsU|>rtitHan5-i:-9.Gft»dtey 

3 1203 JOIVT SOVEREtSteTT fCR Jmn« 

6-n 4 M Dwyer 

5.20CF TEUAJOJQtBF)JS Sto9n7-11-6 MBowfey(7l 

6 110 COOL SntfltE D J Moomeafl 5>li-4 SEmnaar 

7-3140 AMBBI&ATrEII)) W A Eiepnersan 5-11-3 - R Lento 

2 0411 aot UP {DlUM&asaoy i-n-3 JJOVMB 

9 <e:4 SCOTTISH S.-U8M WHCrawftni 6-11-2 . HDettn* 

11 0012 SHEUORESOYfDj«frs,jEarr 6-10-13 MrPDen»(q 

12 2222 EEAKER fJSAKSF) M p hajgiran 810-6 M Ham meod 
12 0082 SPECIAL SETTLEM&fT (tST) R ABan 


14 0-B0 PR9U3COHJtortronMD-3 REemstaw 

15 0EPF OAKEN Se^vsSmRD $-10-2 . CGnflt 

r 0330 ARIZONA BUST T C-a£ 5-iJHJ SCh&rtnn 

ll-i Bu=fc Us 4-1 Scoei-sn 5 mar. 11-2 Doer Crest, Joint 
sc^rajir,. 13-2 Park. 6-1 Beaker. <2-1 Sneanore 

Boy. I«-1 smr s 

A\t selections 

B> Mandarin 

1 ..TO Buck Up. HO Peaty Sandy. 140 Pcsurlyman, 
5. 1 5 Yahoo. 3.45 Direct Line. 4. 15 Cheerie Chief. 
4.45 War char. i. 

By Michael Seely 

1.30 BUCK L"P (nap). 2.10 Peaty Sandy. 

(£20,102: 4m 120yd) (24) 

T 243P RKSHTHANS MAN Un U Dckinsan 3-11-7 . G SnkSay 

2 S3FF EARLS BRIG (O W Hsmtan 11 - 11 - 6 .^ .. . TG Dan 
2 1411 PEATY SA«JY Mbs HHarritolMM M-ADatoocn 

4 PCS IB? SKIGRT (BKBP. U W Eastefty 9-10-1 - . P fuefc 

5 13(1 ANCTKER CUV (Cl 5 W Runatcs 7-15-C .. N DoueMy 

6 3W TASSOYGACaventMM ASmnger 

72U10 THE TWRKER (CNBF1 W A Sspnenson 8iW F Bony 
e 13D ABBEY BRIG R Casmpofj 12-10-9 _ . .. C Cor (4) 

5 3PPP POUKEH7ES |C1WN MsSRte 9-10-0 P A Chariton 

10 412F CORS1ERE Mrs j Pitman l i-i W) — B da Heen 

13 1P43 HARDY LAD E E Wfcnsor 9-10-0 M H e n wjjw d 

14 «U <1 INSURE P Hjghes |IREi 3-l£M) MR«iw 

15 2PC4 CRANlOME R aiampan P1M DBnme 

IS M0 EALLY-GO (B) (Cl Jimmy FtaceraU 9-TM . M Dwyer 
17 2212 THE LAST PROCE (BF) M H E^safOy 


IS 2290 LH3QE R C A.-rr«age 1T-1M B PoweO 

19 304F UANTON CASTLE RCAnTiyage 12-180 . PBatan 

21 0042 CASA IOGPE 3 Lee T1-10O - T CGant 

£2 41 IP KUM9N SLMSKNE (B) (C) D Yepnan 

9- 10-0 C Hawkins 

23 0PC1 C3VENT SAR5£N (El (USA) W Cay 9-100 SJOTMB 

24 iM HAZY QUEN(C)T A Barnes 810? M Bernes 

S, 8410 less RU5S1SH (O J E Bractoam 6-10-0 R Earasftsw 

£S 1442 kCSS MAYO (C)C Parker 9-iM. SCnatsm 

23 0231 WARCSOFF (B) T A CUKwrt 5-13-0 — DCoodeO(7) 

7-2 Mr 5-1 P«s^ Sstor. 13-2 F&gfttnano (Aan. 8-1 

cams 6r^. insure. HM Aronw City, Tile Last Pnnce. 

FORM: RtGHTHAND MAN latest puSeo up m Iran NatonaL 
uur !12-Ci 5Ss Bea te r- 14:, I u Dawn Rwi (11-9) 11 ran. 
Cnene-'.ram Goa Cup 3m 21 gooo Mar 13. EARLS BRIG wfwn 
pul r. a sear 'pjnp f!l-s, £ra oeatsn S is Comas Dlcn (11-8) 7 
ran Ha«±Kk 3m r. cap dl soft Jan 1R PEATY SANDY (12-7) 
wen £ frerc CASA KN1PE (10-2) S ran. Newcastte 3m ft cao ch 
sc« Apr 13. MR SMUGFnrn 0-7) 4si beaten 22S1 to Wesi Tip (10- 
1 V| 40 ran. Ureoooi Srsns Masar^l 4m <1 good to soft Apr 5. 
ANOTHER CTTYrlD^} won 71 ftsm You're Welcome (10-2) 5ran. 
Wenaroy 3m r. sap ei good to soft Mar 31. COVENT GARDEN 
iiMl won lit tram Ssr (10-2) 15 ran. Usouter 3m 2! 

r cap cn esoe to set: Mar is HARDY LAO (10-8) 3rd Beaten 221 
□ PEATY SANDY :li-5i 11 ran. Newtafida 2m n eap eft good 
Mar 15. INSURE (S-n; wsn id from Omenta (9-9) 15 im. 
Farvftcice Irsft Nao na l 3m 4f n eap eft neavy Mar 31. 
Selectton: RtGHTHAND MAN 

(£6,451: 2rn) (5) 

1 1411 PEARL YUAN (D) J A Edwards 7-11-13 P Barton 

4 4011 CENTRE ATTRACTION (D) G W Reliant. 

7-1 1-7 N Donkey 

5 g« 

10-1 Deeo Hnwesswn. 14-1 Rw«s Et5 9 e - 
HURDLE (2,519: 2m 6f) (6) 

6 0211 YAHOO(C-q)WA a B p ft ^ n»iyg (taMtoow 

CUP (E2L5Q2: 2m 4f) (7) 

2 1030 f®frLWEC0IWKTI0M(D)(BF)WASt^»««i^^ 

3 sa gssasfflffla35S« if 

6 183/ CAPp FELIX (CMD) G W RicnarCs 13-100 - MOotti* 

7 3039 STAND BACK tD)WA Sapftenson 9-10-2-— 

11 OPPO SUPS1 SOLO T oio 10 -iM._-.-~- — Stottftan 

13OFP0 SLASHER (C-D) G BFarOam 12-10-0 CGrato 

15-0 Ds eel Line. 5-2 Newftte Cormecton. 5-1 KteynomOTOj 
8-1 Sana Badi. 12-1 Cape Feta. 16-1 SUSlter. 20-1 Super 

3m 110yd) (B) 

1 24-1 CHEEME CHEF (CHI) HBerctev n 

10-12-4 MrKAwJtwon (7) 

4 3P/F CAHERTY (C-D) J L Gtedson 13-12-0 Mr T Reed 

6 1/30 GAYLE WARNING IC-OUG Dudgeon 

(2^-0 Mr A Dudgeon (q 

8 <00- MELOKC LAD W Lamarque 11-1M... — 

3 31 -f POLITICAL VMS’ (C-OI R G Efrader 

6-12-0 MrTWettord (7) 

10 1P-0 THE DRUNKEN DUCK R C Aminage 

13-120 HrMAntqnqe (7) 

11 1W UfiSER (C-D) M w Eastmtw 

12-120 ter T Thomson Jonas 

12 12-4 YOUGHAL (C-D) W A SteCftenson 

2-1 Cfteene Cnie( 11-4 Youahal. 4-1 Gayle Warning, 1 3-2 
Urser, 10-1 Political Wftip. 12-1 Tire Drunken Duck. 14-1 rafters. 

(£1,375: 2m) (32) 

1 41- FIRM PRICE (C-D) Mrs G Renetey 5-11-13 . P Mwn (4) 

2 01 LAST GRAM (D)JSWwson 

4-11-7 Mr D MecTaggart (7) 

3 1 TEWn CASTLE (DID Lee 4-11-7 Mr H Brown (7) 

A ADFEN PU53e 5-110 _ I! Itategan (7) 

6 0 CARRY GOLD J SW%o*< $-110 Mr A Dodgeon (7) 

7 0 CONEY BAY 5 M Temple 5-11 6 Mr K Cotter (7) 

9 COOL RECEPTION W A Stephenson 


11 MGMBXC OBEY KM Oner 5-11-6 Mr J Walton 

13 00 PRIVATE SONG P Montean 6-1 10 D Jones (7) 

14 PYJAMAS G W Return 51i-6 MRJOumn(7) 

15 SOENT MANUAL M H Easarpy 5-1 10 SMttwrn 

16 WAVERLY MILL G W PcnarCS 5-110 C Dennis (7) 

17 kowhai R H Goto# 5-11-1 Mr <3 Scope (7) 

T9 0 PAUPER MOON W G Row 6-11-1 ... Mr P Johnson (7) 

22 0 SINGING HILLS R F FiSfter 5-11-1 PA FArreB(4) 

S3 09 TYCOON MOON J S teuton 5-11-1 KrJMeLam 

25 2 BORDER PEIU. Was I Ben 4-T10 Mr T Reed 

29 DEVON DISCOVERT « K Crawford 

4-1 10 Mr J Grass*** (7) 

30 0 FORTH AND TAY Mrs J Wew 4-1 10. HrORofamson 

32 4 FRTCKLEV LAD R H Scftoev 4-11-0 MHH(7) 

33 GAMBLING NAT MPNaugttton 4-110. AUc Gttgan 

35 4 GREEH SPUR C Pettier 4-1 10 . S Turner 

36 4 HASSLE MOfrEYRF Rafter 4-110 K Ryan (7] 

40 - 0 SOME CASH Mrs J aat 4-1T0 MrPDenms(4) 



42 0 TACT1CO W D Faircneve 4-110 MrP Crafigs 

<3 00 TARNS10E LAO C Parfrer *-110 

44 WEARDALE DaryS Emfift 4-110 A Smrtft (7) 

45 WITHOUT A DOUBT TP Tate 4-110.. W Stephens (7) 

DRUM KALYN P bade 4-100 — G Meron 

47 30 ETHELS COURSE D Motion 4-100 P A FsrrsU (4) 

50 2 WARCHAHT C W Thoimnn 

4-10-9 Mr TTbatnson-Jooe* 
11-4 Warmam. 9-2 Tewrt Castle. 6-1 Last Gram. B-i Border 
Peril. Pyjamas. 10-1 Hassle Money, 12-1 Stent Manat 14-1 
Wavertey hUl. Fern Price, 20-1 outers. 


Going: good fo soft 

4-y-o: £686: 2m) (11 runners) 

1BPPP HOBOWNES GBtL (B) R □ Woodftausa 11-4 __ 


2 223F MY MYRA (Cl M J Lamfteit 11-4 D Dutton 

6 00 COOED LOVE E A Wheeler 10-12 G Ctartes Jones 

6 DP0 DONA PERFECTA R G Frost 10-12 J Frost 

12 3234 HOT GRL M C Pipe 10-12 — 

18 004 MRS BUMBLE PJHoobs 10-12 Peter Hobbs 

23 20P3 SONG OF CHRISTIE (BF) A R Dawson 10-12... R Posey 

24 00 SWEET EXPLANATION (Q D McCate 10-12 — 

25 SWEET GEMMA N Tinkler 10-12 RDunwoodv 

28 PP WIRRALW Charles 10-12 PDmw 

HURDLE (£2,847: 2m) (15) 

1 0000 BUTLERS PET TBHalteft 7-1 1-10 _ BWnght 

2 0401 TKSERWOOO H Akeftursi 5-11-10— P Scudamore 

3 0010 AVERON C P WMman S-1 1-9 W Knox (4) 

6 Q20P LK GUARD ST Hams 5-110. JFrost 

9 (211 DEADLY GOING K S Bridgwater 8-11-2 W Worttmgnm 

12 -OOP WEDO0IG TALK (D) J A Cw 5-10-10 — 

16 000 DOBSONS CHOICE (D) EE Evans 8-10-4 — P Warner 

29 0POO WOOD FARM GIRL PHsnter 10-12 MrCBndgett 

110 HOI Girl. 2-1 
Hcbomws Gel, 10-1 Mrs I 
1 others. 

My Myra. 7-1 Song of Ctvtsbe. 6-1 
rs Bumble. 12-1 Sweet Explanation, 16- 

17 41H WELSH OAK (D) D R Ganoolto 6-10-2 . SSmUl Ectles 

18 0002 (TM FOR GALA (D) G Ktedarsley 5-10-1 — 

19 10B4 HARVEST (D) O O'Neil 6100 TWSivns 

20 002 STATE BUDGET (BF)WJMu&S 0 n 5-100 CStth 


8-1 OCR Chapman (4) 

22 0000 GOLDEN MATCH (C4>) Mrs S Hembraw 6100- N 


23 0M RAJA KHAN (USA) J Cftugg 5-100 PDever 

24 40P4 SCOTTISH GRSNDBmtKS 6100 S Davies 

100-30 Tajenwood. 62 Deadly Gama. 61 Welsh Oak. 11-2 

Life Guard. 7-1 It s For Gala. 17-2 Averon, 161 Harvest 161 
State Budget, 14-1 others. 

Stratford selections 

. Bv Mandarin 

2.15 Hoi Girl. 2.45 Bolliu Palace. 3.15 Midnight 
Song. 3.45 Slearsby. 4.15 Deadly Going; 4;45 
Risk A BeL 5.15 Honeyeroft. 5.45 Sporting 

2.45 TOTH FOUR YRS OLD HURDLE (£3,444: 2m) 

( 12 ) 

CHASE (amatuers-. £680: 2m 6f) (14) 

4 0g- BELVOIR VALE F E Sutherland 8-120. 


5 l&- EARLY NITE I POUT 6-120 

6 _ AYWG-X-RAY A Holmes 7-120 . 

7 PB GAERERovds 7-120. 


S Hart (7) 

t 104 AVEBURY (USA) F Jordan 110 


2 010P EL GALILEO (BKD) J R Jenkms 110 S Sherwood 

3 1231 JOBIY LORENZO PR Hedger 110 M Richards 

4 1110 WATFORD GAP TON A Gasetee 110 K Mooney 

6 000 ARCHPENKO N J Henderson 10-10 S Smith Ecctoa 

9 1002 B0UJN PALACE {C-DNBF) M HEasterby 

10-10A Brown 

10 0001 FOR A LARK (DID A Wison 10-10 El 

14 321 HEART OF STONE (USA) R Akehurst 10-10 

D un woody 

15 001 LONDON LEADER (D) O Burehel 10-10 -DJBmciHO 

16 0031 KANDY’S BROTHER J L Haros 10-10 — — J A Hants 

17 31 0RARK3N(D)C CTrietfine 10-10 A Sharpe 

24 0 STELLA ALPMAM Stephens 185 A Carroll 

7-2 Jimmy Lorenzo. 4-1 Watford Gap. 5-1 Avebury. 11-2 
Boam Palace, S-1 For A Lark. 17-2 Oranon. 10-1 Heart Of 
Stone. 12-1 a GaHeo. 14-1 others. 

(£3.163: 2m) (7) 

2 1W1 KEY1M5FORT (D) >mmy FrtzGmkl 8-11-10 . JJQnten 


9-1 1-7P Warner 

4 ran FREIGHT FORWARDER ( 0 ) A J fflt 12-11-1 P 


6 03-3 LUCYFAR (C-DJ J S Kna 10-100 SSoithEcdH 

7 3332 HDNIGHT SONG <C-D)(BF) T A Forster 

1 1-100 RDonwoody 

9 1222 JUST AUCK (0) M H Easterly 7-1D-4 K Mooney 

13 3003 OOP BALTIC (D) EJ Alston 7-100 — 

5-2 Just AficA. 11-4 Kevmsfort. 5-1 Midnight Song. 6-1 
Lucyfar, 8-1 tegottabeBlngW. 1(M Freoht Forwarder. 12-1 Orp 

(£4,549: 3m 2f) (6) 

1 1131 STEARS8Y Mrs J Pitman 7-120 GMcCout 

4 0110 ETON ROUGE Mrs M Rme# 7-11-6 P Scudamore 

6 P124 BRASS CHANGE (B) I M Dudgeon B-1 1-4. MRictartto 

9 0410 ASCLONESMeflor 7-100 G Charles Jones 

10 F442 ROYAL GAMBIT J T Gtttortf 6-100 E Murphy (*) 

13 FOQO FRENCH UHRENANT (B) N L Stevens 9-100 R Crank 
150 Slearsby. 9-4 Royal Gambtt. 5-1 EtonRouge, 11-2 
Astsone. 8-1 Brass Change, 20-1 French Lieutenant 

... TWeale (7) 
I AGENT (USA) M R Churches 

„ 8-120 PMaeEwan (7) 

9 __ LADNEX AG Down 9-180 N Wheeler (7) 

10 00/F LANGLEY COURT G Hughes 7-120 S Baker (7) 

11 PW» PAMflOY LAD RJOSufcan 9-120 DErafr 4) 

12 03-3 RED FLAME E Maws 6-120 Mb J Saunders (7) 

13 3 RISK A BET Mrs VMcKe 7-120 IMcKe(7) 

14 P0O TAFHMHowete 9-120 Mm L Sbeedy r 

15 00 TASOMUDUAfrsMShayter 7-180 TBsteyl 

16 PP THE RAMBUN MAN J Eaton 7-120 NOhnrM) 

17 PJO SMMNGCW Nash 9-110 L Harvey (7) 

130 Risk A Bet 11-4 Hnh Class AgenL 9-2 Red Flame. 15- 

2 Pamroy Led. 10-1 Taf. 12-1 The RamMn Man, 14-1 others. 

If: 4-y-o: £679: 2m) (10) 

9 002 HALLOWED PA Pmchard 10-12 — 

10 034 HILL'S ROCKET SN Cote 10-12 C Brown 

11 0220 HQNEYCROFT R G FroSl 10-12 — 

13 DUP KEREDEM (B) Cap! J Wilson 10-12 . — — - 

14 P003 KHATT1 HAWK (B| C James 10-12. S Sherwood 

17 3400 MAID FAST (B) PH Hedger 10-12 U Richards 

20 FO QUCKSINGLE JA Old 10-12 V McKevlit 

21 04 ROSIE’S DEAL Mrs A Tuckar 10-12. — George Kte^n 

22 002 ROYAL SHOE FC Lees 10-12 DShaw 

27 F TAWNY TB4PTRESS A R Davocn 10-12 — — 

2-! Honeyeroft. 3-1 Roval Shoe. 5-1 Hill's Rocket 6-1 
HaSowed. B-1 Khatu Hawk. 10-1 Maid Fast 12-1 Rosie's Deal. 
14-1 others. 

£685: 2m 61) (12) 

1 3014 GEMB1AUSE G Thrarnr 11-2 RDunwoody 

2 0031 NEW FARMER JP Pnca 110 IfrM Price m 

3 0001 SEXTON ASH (B) R j O'Stifrwm 11-2 .... E Murphy (4) 

4 004P DENSTONE WANDERER T H Cafcttl 10-10 — 

6 0200 LOVER COVER (USA) JS King 10-10 5 Sherwood 

7 000 RAISASLUON Cad JWBson 10-10 — 

B 2102 SPORTING MARKER p) M C Ppe 10-10 — 

9 00 SYNCHRONIOTY A J Muon 10-10 P Richartts 

10 4000 THE ALLIED RGFrosllO-10 — JFrost 

11 0333 UNICOL S Meara 10-10 G Charles Joan 

12 0290 VBWMIA PAGEANT (B) N J Henderson 10-lD 


13 0000 CELAIRRP Hoad 100 M Hoed 

7-4 Sparing Manner, 4-1 Uracol. 9-2 Generalise, 6-1 Lover 

Cover. 9-1 New Farmer. 10-1 Virginia Pageant. 12-1 Sexton 
Ash, 14-1 others. 


Going: soft 

HANDICAP HURDLE (£955: 2m) (16 runners) 

1 3400 CHALET WALDEGG D GendpBO 6-11-10 _ C Evans 

18 3R0 MEND tf (BlfC-O) N Bycraft 6100 


7-100 JLmeiOY 



21 300 ZtfWUB N Lee-Judstte 8-10-1 S Moore 

23 0004 SWEET SOUOTtt B) J S King 7-IM I Shoemoik (7) 
27 mm UNION (B)B Snmns 12-160. J H Davies 

28 0008 MENFORO (HI K Bauey 11-100. 

I KELLY D QandoHo 7-100... 


TMellQr 5-110 ._ M Harrington 
6 0040 TMSAH B Stevens 6-11-4 

3 240 GOLD HUNTER R J Hodces6-110_.., 


A Webb 

J White 

Lome Vincent 

8 0334 JUST SPUD JP Sram 5-110 

9 POP# DALLAS SMITH (USA) MChapmSl 5-110 R 
10 000 DOBES PRINCE C Bravery 511-2 

R Strange 


1? P0O NEW TIMES (B) N f 11-1 ... M Bremen 



I Dukes 5-11-1 





. S Johnson 

22 8000 HINNIES DIPPER R Speer $-10-11. 
24 (KM) SHARAZOUR Mrs S Bohans fi-10-10. 

. R Itwcl 

27 0003 reWlYNES PRfiK (B) (BF) Mis S Oner 

5-KM0 JSnthom 

38 POM JUST CAHMD (B) M HinchWfe 4-189 SMcMfl 

39PB0O JBIBHOWN HE Haynes S-1O0_ JHDevies 

5-2 Goto Hunter. 7-2 PanDyne's Pnde, 90 Coupon Cbpper, 
6-1 Timsah. 8-1 Chalet WOktegg. ttM Star Maestro, 12-1 Just 
Spud. 20-1 others 

Huntingdon selections 

By Mandarin 

10 Star Maestro. 2.30 Impany. 3.0 MenfonL 3.30 
Bishops Yam. 4.0 Royal Judgement. 4.30 Upham 


(£1.677: 2m 100yd) (9) 

1*010 ROUNOSTOfEJGdlortl 8-12-4 — R Rowe 

5 F231 MPANY (B) Roy RoDnson 

29 4840 UPHAM I 

30 304 MR MCGEE N Henderson 6-100 
32 PP0D SYMPATIOUE Mss E Sneyd 8-100 , 

38 P-00 BACKPACKER T Day 6-1 00 — 

37 0(H) VAGABOND VICTOR P ATngham 10-100. RGuest(7| 

39 -fOO BUJDOENS WOOD D Rmgari 5-100 SMcNttB 

7-2 Rebec. 9-2 Barron Julius. 5-1 Prawess Hecate. 6-1 

Mend R, 7-1 Mr McGee. B-1 5we« Sokdtor. ID-1 OroM Bey. 
12-1 Speedy Bee. km ethers. 

CHASE (£1,912: 2m 40 (8) 

4 U-P2 DUESENBSiG (D) Mrs J PHman 9-11-7 MPftmsn 

6 FI 32 BISHOPS YARN (0)GBattnq 7-11-4 R Guest (7) 

8 0300 W1.Y YEOMAN (In J Grffort 7-11-3 R Rom 

10 /4P0 CAffi T Forster 10-11-1 H Danes 

11 M23 LANDING BOARD (C-0)PW Hams 8-10-13 R Strange 

12 3TO PRETTY HOPEFUL R Hodgae 11-10-13 SMcNeS 

15 1302 AUGHRA BQURA (C-0)JG4fort! 10-10-12 N0N- 


19 4/40- keengaitoyt day 13-10-4 JLorejoy 

7-4 Btshops Yam. 50 Duesenoerg, 80 Landaig Board. 6-1 
Care, 10-1 Wtty Yeoman. 20-1 others. 


(Amateurs: £901: 3m 1 10yd) (7) 

1 -112 ROYAL JUDGMENT (Ctfff) Lady Rootss 

13-12-BP Haddnam 
3 CP4 THE S0MAC (B) E Savage 9-120 — HraLCanwnfh 

. AWtth(7) 
C Brooks (4) 
_ R Stock (7) 


fi HPOF ID DARKE A Tumefi 11-12-5 

7 DP-2 IS1SS0 (BF) F Winter 10-12-5 

11 ELMLEY CASTLE R Black 11-120 

7 2F21 SNAP TW J Herdy 8-11-4 (7»).. 

a F004 THE DjPUMATw Kemp 6-1 1-3 KTowneodm 

11 -2PU FORESTERS LAO (BF) JSpearing 8-110 — A Wet* 

13 0000 UNGPWHams 8-100 7. R Stmnoc 

14 0020 ERICA SUFSBAPB^m 6-1M H Danes 

15 0003 IBSS HTtRO C Bravery 9-10-2 — 

19 0023 TON CAXTON (BF) J S Krg 5-100 SIMMS 

44 Tom Carton, 11-4 hnpany. P-2 Roundstora, 6-1 Mes 
Metro. 8-1 Foresters Lad, 10-1 Snap Tin, 12-1 Erica Stttrba, 
20-1 others. 

3.0 PALACE HANDICAP HURDLE (£1 ,633: 3m) (22) 

1 onp BOB TISDALL J EDwarOS 7-12-4 HrM Rk*wtte(7) 

2 U0- UJM0(JGrftortn 1-120 rrow« 

3 440 REBEG T Forster 9-1 1-? H Dantes 

8 0PO ORCHID BAY (B) Mrs J Pftman 9-11-2. MP tUau 

9 00M PRINCESS HECATE (C-ffl P bans 11-11-1 - P Metals 

11 OPPU BLACK C0HBE 6 TTwner 8-10-12. Rtt* 

13 -020 SPEEDY BStmPWKamsB-10-11 RSfrme 

14 fPW MASTER ANDREW R Cftanftton 11-10-10— JSotfrwn 
16 1-F4 BARRON JULIUS (BF) J GJotbt 6-1Q-fl.._. DMdtmn 

14 -324 LAURENCE RAMBLER (B) S Melor 

12-120M Bradstocfc (7) 

17 1/ IERM0NEYK Btty 15-120 Tracy Baiey (7) 

6-4 Royal Judgement 15-8 Mussa 6-1 Laurence Rambler, 
10-1 Mermoney. T2-1 The Somac. 16-1 oBiers. 

430 YELLING NOVICE HURDLE (£1339: 2m) (16) 

6 0000 BAR3BRIKS LAD ft Speer 6-110 £ Johnson 

7 00 BLACK ffiETLE M Skinner 6-110 J Bartow 

12 -000 DARK COJBCJS King 5-1 10 iShoorafr 

16 0 mi BEAGtEJPSnfih 6-110 P _ 

18PP04 JOCKSR J Wetter 6-110 RS 

21 00 UBEinY SGUARE O Sherwood 6-110 H Denies 

23 000 MARBTON MOOR (USA) B Parting 5-110 .. 6 Brans (7) 

24 0 MCHAEL HOUSE JWeober 5-1 10 M Jenttna (7) 

29 2F0O MO BAYS Christian 6- 110 W Ne wton 

31 OP ROY THE READY fl Charraron 6-110 JSuthem 

34 3243 UPHAM GABBLE (BF) D Gffltelio 5-110 AWehb 

41 0 MIDAS BELLE P AHnaham &1(V9 RGmst 

43 ROSC OH G Stem 6-100 — J Bartow 

44 B0 SEA COUNTESS Ms J Pitman 6-100. 


45 POO ™CX ANSWER J Caste 7-100 llr S Woods (7) 

54 «3F WWIH® GOES THOU DRtegar4-lM SHcNei 

11-4 Upham Gamble. 7-2 Wither Goeat Thou. 9-2 utterly 
Square, 6-1 Sea Coreness, B-i Jockser, 10-1 Rio Gay. 12-1 
Mioas Ba8e, 20-1 others. 





















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Wanted: watchdog to 
save sports from 
the anarchy in society 

By David Miller 





An independent watchdog 
organization for sport. to 
monitor the rights and the 
abuses of individuals, was 
advocated at yesterday's con- 
ference on Violence and Chugs 
in Sports in London. Neither 
the Sports Council, which is 
government-funded, nor the 
CCPR, representing govern- 
ing bodies, is capable of such 
independent, safeguarding ac- 
tion, because increasingly it is 
the administrators in sport 
who are falling short of their 
moral responsibilities. 

The advocate of the watch- 
dog was Edward Grayson, 
banister and specialist on 
sport and the law. who was 
one of the speakers at the 
conference organized by Free- 
dom in Sport and sponsored 
by Pernod. One of the motiva- 
tions for the conference was 
the need of Freedom in Sport 
to separate itself from the pro- 
South Africa rugby campaign 
with which it has become 
identified. Its executi ve mem- 
bers are concerned with wider 
sporting issues, such as those 
debated yesterday. 

Two incidents which could 
have come under the surveil- 
lance of a watchdog commit- 
tee were raised by other 
speakers. George Crawford, 
the rugby referee who walked 
off the p'itch in protest at the 
violence of both teams in last 
September's match between 
Bristol and Newport, was 
subsequently disciplined by 
the Rugby Football Union, 
while players perpetrating the 
violence went unpunished. 

By David Miller 

Crawford recalled that be 
was totally disillusioned by 
the RFU’s conduct, which not 
only foiled to respond to a 
growing trend within rugby 
but instead imposed upon him 
a judicial decision without a 
fair judicial process. The only 
recourse open to him, which a 
watchdog committee could 
have supported, would be a 
civil law suit against the RFU, 
either for libel or for denial of 
natural Justice, as in the case 
successfully brought by Revie 
against the* FA: though in that 
instance without much sym- 
pathy for Revie. 

Similar law suits could and 
indeed should be brought, for 
instance, against the Interna- 
tional Amateur Athletics Fed- 
eration (IAAF) and FIFA- Dr 
John Davies, honorary physi- 
cian to the Welsh Rugby 
Union and chairman of the 
British Association of Trauma 
in Sport, gave some horrifying 
contemporary case histories of 
competitors (not in rugby) 
travelling to France every 
weekend to obtain health- 
damaging drugs prescribed by 
French doctors which en- 
hanced their ability' in the 
short-term. Dr Davies agreed 
that the IAAF were probably 
in defeult of their own articles 
and could be sued for the re- 
instatement of Vainio. the 
Finnish Olympic 10,000-me- 
tre silver-medal winner who 
was found positive in a drug 

There is little doubt that 
FIFA are guilty of persistently 
failing to stem the growth of 


foul play, notably in the last 
World Cup. 

With violence and drugs in 
sport mirroring the same phe- 
nomenon in society, it is 
imperative that sports should 
be taking more alert notice 
than it is of contemporary 
trends. Fouls during the FA 
cup finals at Wembley in 
recent years by Moran and 
Whiteside of Manchester 
United and Young of Arsenal 
have not been condemned as 
they should have been. 

As Grayson cogently argued 
yesterday — just as he was 
arguing, without response, 
twenty years ago — the sport- 
ing action is governed by four 
sets of laws: the rules of the 
game, its own disciplinary 
regulations such as suspen- 
sions. administrative regula- 
tions. and the law of the land. 
When the first three fail, then 
only the law of the land is 
available to save sport from 

This embraces not only the 
crime of assault, for deliberate 
injury during play, but of 
negligence or inattention to 
reasonable risk. If 
Schumacher, the West Ger- 
man goalkeeper, was not 
guilty of the first against 
Battiston of France in the 
1982 World Cup semi-final he 
was almost certainly guilty of 
the second 

If sport is to avoid chaos, 
just as if society is to avoid 
anarchy, the law must prevail. 
We need a watchdog. Spon- 
sors please step forward. 

Out of the soup to lead 

Bruce Davidson, from the 
United States, defied the ele- 
ments at the Badminton horse 
trials yesterday to go into the 
lead for this year’s Whitbread 
championships riding his 
favourite horse, J J Babu. De- 
spite the appalling wet con- 
ditions the pair produced one of 
their best tests ever and are lying 
just over one mark ahead of 
Virginia Leng. on Night Cap. 

Ian Stark, who has only just 
recovered from a bad attack of 
shingles, had a rewarding day. 
finishing third on Sir Wattie. 

Lucinda Green, who has gone 
into fourth place on her second 
ride. Shannagh. owned by S R 
International, is also worried 
about the cross-country today. 
The 1 1 -year-old gelding “hates 
the wet" and has also only 

By Jenny MacArthur 

competed in one three-day 
event since collapsing at the 
Punchestown event last May. 
Mrs Green said yesterday that 
die may take him round the 
steeplechase phase and see how 
he copes with the going before 
deciding whether to continue 
round the 32-fence cross-coun- 
try course. 

Davidson's compatriot. Tor- 
rance Fleischmann. bad lilUe to 
smile about yesterday. She had 
to withdraw from the event after 
her horse. Tanzer. became lame 
while warming up in the muddy 
collecting area minutes before 
her dressage test Mrs 
Fleischmann thought it felt like 
a pulled muscle in the shoulder 
and said he was getting lamer by 
the minute. 

Davidson, who has been the 

world champion twice and was 
runner-up for the Whitbread 
Trophy in 1982, said the going 
in the dressage arena yesterday 
was “like soup". Bui the pair 
never once lost their beautifully 
balanced rhythm. Their transi- 
tions on the slippery surfece 
were smooth and the test had an 
enviable lightness about it. "The 
old man looked after me," he 
said of J J Babu. who he has had 
since a yearling. 

Davidson. USA) 406; 2. l*qW Cap (V 
Lang) 4ZZ 3. Sk Wntte (L Starts) 46A 4. 
Sharrogh ft. Green) 5. Good Value 
(A TiK*ert&2; 6, Sraetfgfittr/H Ogden) 
52-6; 7. The AnM Dodger (C Mas orfc 
5 ZB; 8, The Done TOng fflGurdon)S3j£ 
9. MJcheehnas Dey (M Tofld. NZ) Safi; 10. 
OMwmjed Sort) 55.0. 

• Whitbreads have signed a 
three-year sponsorship contract 
with Badminton horse trials. 


Bale topples No 1 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

Stuart Bale, aged 22, who 
ranks fourth in Britain, was 1-4 
down in the fust set but won 
seven consecutive games and 
beat the top seed John Frawley, 
of Australia, by 6-4, 6-3 in the 
British Home Stores tour- 
nament at Hampstead yes- 
terday. Less than two months 
ago Bale had an exploratory 
operation on his left knee. This 
is only bis third tournament 
since November and in the 
other two he did not win a 

Bale lives at St John's Wood. 
10 minutes' drive from the 
courts. He won the Hampstead 
event two years ago and may 
now be regaining the form that 
made him an exciting candidate 
for a Davis Cup singles place. 
Bale is a big. strong left-hander 
with a game that raises feint 
images of Roger Taylor, who 
broke through at much the same 
age. It remains to be seen if Bale 
can advance as far as Taylor did. 

Two less familiar British play- 
ers have also shown encouraging 
form at Hampstead. They are 
Andrew Castle, of Taunton, 
aged 22, and Stephen Botfield. 
of Chingford, aged 20. Neither 
has a British ranking but this 
week each has beaten a player 
who has. Castle has reached the 


semi-finals by winning all his 
three matches in straight sets. 
He spent more than four years at 
Wichita State University and 
then returned home for the 
winter circuit, earned enough to 
pay for two weeks of weight 
training at Pat CowdelTs Bir- 
mingham gymnasium and then 
devoted two weeks to court 
drills. At list 9lb. Castle is 
dimly built for his 6ft 2in, but be 
is playing well and. like Botfield. 
has yet to find out how good he 
can be. 

There was more good news 
for Britain in the women’s 
singles. Clare and Jane Wood, 
both aged 18, have readied the 
semi-finals at the combined cost 
of only one set — lost by Jane 
yeterday before she came back 
from nowhere in particular to 
beat Belinda Borneo, who led 4- 
I in the second set but was 
beaten 2-6, 6-4. 7-6 at Queen’s 

MEN'S 8MGLE& Second round: S Bale 
1GB) trt J Frawtey (Aus), 6-4. 6-3; J 
Piacentte (Ft) W C Fafc (Swe). 6-2, 6-7. 7- 
5: ThW round: A Casus (OS) bt M SarocH 
(AusL 6-2. 6-2. A Caate « M Barocfi 
(Aus). 6-2, 6-2: A GonzaJei (Bet) M G 
Btoom fisnxtn. 6-3 6-3. 

WOMEN'S SWGLE& Third round: P 

Etchemendy(RtM OKetetoarMenn. 6a. 
4. ?4. 


National pride 
a Federation 

By Sydney Friskin 

Scotland announced yes- 
terday that they could not 
support the Hockey 
Association's proposal for the 
formation of a Great Britain 
Federation incorporating the 
three home countries. At 
present they come together only 
once in four years for the 
Olympic Games. 

The Hockey Association, 
controlling body of the game in 
England, had asked Scotland 
and Wales, constituent mem- 
bers of the Great Britain Hockey 
Board, to agree to a formula 
which would enable one team. 
Great Britain, to play in the 
Olympic Games, the World 
Cup. the Intercontinental Cup 
and the Champions Trophy. 
The aim was to form a Great 
Britain Hockey Federation by 

That Scottish international 
teams should be denied access 
to tournaments at the highest 
level was unacceptable to the 
council of the Scottish Hockey 
Association, but they pledged 
their continued support for the 
partitipaiion by Scottish players 
in a Great Britain team at the 
Olympic Games. 

Oxford s 


By Stuart Jones 

Football Correspondent 

The combined honours Bst of 
Queen's Park Bangers and Ox- 
ford United, who tomorrow con- 
test the last Mnk Cap Goal (the 
competitiofl will be rm next 
season under the banner of 
Litdcwoods). can be written on a 
tor* postage stamp. It begins 
and ends with Rangers winning 
the League Cop, as it was then 
known, in 1967. 

Rangers have collected the 
titles of the second d ivision in 
1983, the third dhrsou in 1967 
and the third divstoa (Sooth) fa 
1948; but those trophies, 
thought significant in their own 
history, belong in a minor 
category. So do Oxford's pair of 
successes, the third division 
championship in 1968 and the 
second division last season. 

It woafd be reasonable, there- 
fore, to expect these two sides to 
be more than cautious in their 
ideas, to be less than flodbfle in 
their approach and to be 
cremped by their collective am- 
bitions. Opportunities to appear 
at Wembley in front of a 
television aaSeoce at millions 
for the prize of silverware do not 
occur too often. 

Yet it will be surprising if 
Rangers and Oxford, though 
blessed with neither the talent 
nor the technique of Liverpool 
and Everton, the FA Cup final- 
ists, do not provide a more open 
and attractive spectacle. 
Whereas a lone goal is likely to 

be decisive in the aB-Merseyside 

encounter in three weeks’ time, 
one of tomorrow's teams could 
score twice and stiO walk away 
with a loser’s medaL 

The result of their most recent 
Canon League fixttne, a 3-3 
draw at the Manor Ground last 
month, provided visual evidence 
of their adventure. The respec- 
tive managers offer audible 
co nfir mation. *T don't care what 
the score is," Maurice Evans, of 
Oxford, says: “As long as we 
entertain the crowd. Otherwise, 
they won't bother to watch 

His refreshingly okWash- 
ioned philosophy, hidden 
increasingly in the modem age 
behind the inhibiting fear of 
failu re and of dismissal. Is 
shared by his opposite number, 
j im Smith.- 1 * We both like to play 
attacking lootbalL" That they 
should have the same belief 
should not be surprising, though 
they have different natures. 

Less thana year ago they were 
in Portugal in charge of an 
Oxford United tour. Soon after 
they returned Smith, who had 
just led the dnb for the first time 
into the first division, accepted 
an invitation to take the vacant 
seat at Loftus Rood. 

“The first result I look for is 
Oxford's," he admits. “After aU, 
1 know probably 10 at their 
players better than I know my 
own." Smith, who Mkbti in the 
sobriquet “Bald Eagle", is for 
from reticent to public- Evans 
could scarcely be more shy of 

The man who looks and 
sounds like a co n tented West 
Country former as he speaks is 


rise as uneKer 

feels the strain 

By CHre White 

The names of ^ "SETS 

■ sansistts s?a 

fereni surges mar . . a ^ n ^ 

exploits for dub and country, 
are becoming disturbingly 
synonymous with injury- . _ 

Hamstring strain is the lasses* 
ailment which simultaneously 
robs Manchester Untied* 
Everton and England of the 
famous dua Both will miss the 

Fenwick: lie plays for his dnb bat not for his country 

hashed and rustic tunes was 
even reluctant to hemp pointed as 
Smith's successor. Even now, as 
he waits to lead his team oat at 
Wembley, he would prefer to be 
a stoat. *1 think I am quite good 
at that." 

Instead he has watched his 
dnb, which was not even a 
member of the League 25 years 
ago, overcome Northampton 
Town, Newcastle United, Nor- 
wich City, Portsmouth and As- 
ton Villa. He has also seen his 
representatives follow the won 
path that leads past the national 
stadium and on towards relega- 
tion. Though these worries most 
be momentarily forgotten. 

Rangers were in danger of 
treading in Oxford's footsteps 
bat a run of right games without 
defeat that included five vic- 
tories has lifted them out of the 
first dtrriskm basemen*. It has 
also raised them into a position 
that is not necessarily so wet- 
come. Tomorrow they will start 
as clear favourites. 

The bigger the occasion, the 
more it seems to sxrit them. After 
dismissing Hull City to th e 
second round they confirmed 

this by knocking oat Watford at 
Vicarage Road, Nottingham 
Forest, Chelsea at Stamford 
Bridge and most notably Liver- 
pool by drawing at Aafield in the 
second leg of the seari-finaL 

Fenwick, the captain of Rang- 
ers, was suspended for one game 
and fined £200 yesterday for 
topping 41 penalty points and 
has tius forgone the dance of 
playing for Eagaad against 
Scotland in the same arena on 
Wednesday Jie should not have 
won a cap tn Egypt last January. 

Bert MflHrfiip, the FA chair- 
man. admitted tint an official 
Mender allowed Fenwick to play 
in Cano while he was under 
another ban. The rule is that no 
player serving a suspenses can 
be selected for England. Fen- 
wick slipped through the net. 

Smith followed bis team cap- 
tain into yesterday's dndpfinary 
hearing to answer a disrepute 
charge after a game to Chelsea 
last month when the referee 
ordered him from the dug-out. 
He was fined £506 and banned 
from the toachline for the rest of 
the season. The pmusbment 
takes effect on Monday. 

Wembley next week, hi 
Robson’s case because of hts 
club's polify of not allowing 
players indisposed at the week- 
end to play for their country the 
following midweek. . 

Robson, die England captain. - 
must be feeling particularly 
peeved ax missing EngtamTs 
final, meaningful rehearsal be- 
fore the World Cop finals m 
Mexico, which start next month. 
He bad thought that he might be 
fit in time. “The injury is not as 
serious as some imagine ana I 
could be fit for England." he 
said yesterday. Bat united ihen 
put a stop to bis illusions. 

Bobby Robson, foe Engjand 
manager, is expected to wait 
until tMiKHTow before calling UP 
any replacements. But the loss 
of Lineker, and possiWy his 
Italian-based forwards, Hatetey 
End Francis, about whom dame 
has been doubt, could bring, 
about a surprise recaS for 
Harford, foe angular Litton 
forward. When be was dropped 
from the original squad m 
favour of the versatile Stevens, 
of Tottenham Hotspur, it 
seemed that Robsoo had dashed 
the hazy Mexican dreams or ms 
fellow young north-easterner. 
Harford can dream on for 
another 24 boots at least. 

Manchester - Un ited’s 
championship challenge crum- 
bled still further yesterday when 
Sirachan feDed a fitness test and 
was withdrawn from today’s 
squad for the game at White 
Hart Lane and. coosequeatiy. 
the Scotland squad in which he 
is replaced fay Chelsea’s Nevm. 

I cannot remember a United-. 
Spurs fixture more l ac k in g in 
appeal than this one. At least the 
Tottenham supporters land 
England's) wtB have HodtSe to 
drool over after an absence of 
five maidies because of knee 
trouble, then a stomach upset 
which he shared with Waddle. 
The England wi ng e r is still 
bothered by it bm be should be 
available to Robson. 

Everton probably realise the 
mistake now of playing Linden; 
who has had a pelvic problem 
this season, on WatfimTs heavy 
surfece in midweek even if he 
did, typically, set them op for 
the victory. The injury, de- 

pot to play him again until he 
has property recovered. 

In nanntoarcitmstaacHrfoe 
joss, of the country s leading 
gpalscorer could tie a. cata- 
strophic blow but Everton have 
£600.000 worth of Substitute 
talent at their disposal in Heath, 
who has deputized for Locker 
so effectively recently. 

It a just as weft since Liver- 
pool are very touch on the mend 
th e mselves. Lawrenson. who 
has bees cot for five games with 
a shin fracture and seen his 
position so aUy filled by Gilles- 
pie; is poised to make an 
unexpectedly early reappear- 
ance. It was thought that foe 
iurory would keep him out until 
shortly before the FA Cup final 
«Hos &enao on May 10, but 
fae seems likely to return today 
following a similar mntoaTfo 
that which gave Gillespu.- his 
chance The excellent Scottish 
iHjderstudy is oisr with a grain 

With West Ham b rought 
down by their fellow Londoners, 
Chelsea, to a midweek hurdle 
and Manchester United all but 
puffed up, it has left Liverpool 
and Everton racing stride for 
stride towards the finishing 
post This is Merseyside monop- 
oly at its most fascinating. Not 
.since Red Rum overhauled 
Crisp has Liverpool witnessed 
such a momentous finish. And 
there & nothing to suggest from 
today’s e ng a g em e nts that either 
one wiU take much more than 
the narrows* advantage, which 
is at. foe moment is bdd $y 
Liverpool courtesy of their su- 
perior goto, difference; 

LiyeipopTs opposition today. 
West Bromwich Albion, were 
oeatmtaet long ago, but Ips- 
wich Town, wfaogo to Goodison 
Park, are still a Eve hope for a 
first division future. It should 
not be faqmften that they coura- 
geously held - their own at 
Gooduoo in Leagne and Cup 
last season, which was more 
than anyone else could say. 
They shook! draw on that 
memory. ■ . .. 

West Ham and Chelsea have 
cut each other's throats in recent 
weeks but the hope of the 
people's champion, west Ham. 
probably disappeared in mid- 
week through events beyond 
their contra. The competitive 
spirit of Luton and Watford w$s 
probably their tost hopejfaf 
halting the Merseyside victory 
march. Instead, Watford may 
now do West Item a favour by 
porting them out of their misery. 


Celtic to keep pressure on Hearts 

Victory against Hibernian is 
essential if Celtic are to remain 
in contention for the champion- 
ship (Hugh Taylor writes). A 
fifth win in succession is within 
their sights and they have the 
chance of scoring their 7,000th 
league goal They are two short 
of the totaL 

If they score their 7 ,000th goal 
it will complete an unfortunate 
double for the Hibernian goal- 

keeper, the veteran Rough, who 
was in goal when Celtic scored 
their 6,000th at a game with his 
former dub, Partick Thistle, at 
Parkbead in 1973. Celtic are 
again in sucb sparkling form 
that they should win to keep the 
pressure on Heart of Midlo- 
tirian, the league leaders, who 
meet Aberdeen at Tynecastie 
tomorrow afternoon. 


Canadian’s classic chip 

Dan Halldorson, of Canada, 
took a one-stroke lead in the Sea 
Pines Heritage Classic in Hilton 
Head Island, South Carolina, on 
Thursday with an opening 
round of 66, including a chip in 
for an eagle. 

"I’m starting to feel like I can 
play again," Halldorson said. 
He had been in poor form until 
winning in Hattiesburg, Mis- 
sissippi. last -week, in a tour- 
nament for players not invited 
to the Masters. 

Halldorson was the first man 
off the tee at the Harbour Town 
golf links, and finished up his 
five-under-par effort with a 
birdie on the 18th. 

Ro^r Maftbie, of the United 
Slates, another early starter, 
birdied five holes in a row in his 

round of 67. His compatriot. 
Fuzzy ZoeDer, managed a 68 

Curtis Strange ot, die United 
States, led a group on 69. two 
under par on the 6,657-yard 
course, wiihTora Kile, of the 
United States, and Greg Nor- 
man. of Australia, one behind 1 
on 70. 

Irish double 

The second all-Iretand dub 
volleyball championships for 
men and women will be held 
this weekend in Belfast, under 
the sponsorship of Harp Lager. 
TriSport Dmunnrry represent 
both men and women for 
Northern Ireland, the first time 
that one dub has won both 
league titles. 


Continued from facing page 

Needing only four points 
from three matches to take the 
title. Hearts should be at full 
strength. This is the first league 
match to be (devised in Scot- 

The only other team in with a 
slight chance of winning _ the 
championship, Dundee United, 
are on dangerous ground at 


Miandad hits 
India for six 


Pams returns to toad a Chtowa 
safe regenerated by the midweek 
victory over West Hm. . . 

Rougvie sbouidrevert tow back 
but Jones and Laaaraabo , 
named. Newcastle have Thomas, 
Anderson told Gascoigne afl tto-. 
der treatment 

Coventry (19) v Luton (6) 

Coventry make only one 
change: Adams, *no came on as . 
substitute tar Bowman at 
Anflekt. starts tNs ttma Lutanis 
Harford w» be toning to re- 
inforce Ns Bigtandcoims. . 

Everton (2) y Ipswicb(18) 

Evoftcn make the same change 
as they (Sd last weekend, Heath tar 
Lineker, only from the start tfes 
time. Aflcins. formerly of Everton, 
has recovered from a foot Injury 
and either he or YaJtopwffl replace 

TotfhamXlDv M Utd (3) 

Davenport looks «to return for 
United but Gibson, a formerSpur, 

tounft. Olsen and Backroom 
require testa. Tottenham welcome 
back Hoddte after missing five 
games hecauso of knee and stom- 
ach tnxdJta, but Wedde is 

Waif d(12) v W Ham (5) 
Gate, who Isfttne flettta the 
midweek defeat with dsastraus 
consequences tar West Han. 
faces a check on b« damaged 
ihigh. Devonshire's calf must 
eieo be tested- WtotanL htt by inju- 
ries to six squad members, may 
have to ask WeeL who is short of 
match practice, toperfbrm on 
their heavy surface. 

WBA (22) r Liverpool#) 

squad, but lose GRespte with a 
grata Injury. BoD stands by to make 
ms first fut appearance tor Al- 
bion if Madden b unlit and fleBy 
returns to teed the attack. Ben* 
nett w» miss the remainder of the 
season after an esqjJocatory 
knee operation. 






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Weekend television and radio programmes 
Edited by Peter Dear and Peter Davalle 


,30 Wait Tffl Your Father Guts 

- imbsem?* 

' : , soWlwn a dud second 

' •* hand car &5S Banananum 

Saturday Superstore, 
managed by MHte Head. 
Bonnie Tyter unveils the 
pnze-wtnning mural, 
designed tnr a young 
viewer, that wm go on 
show at the Stoke Garden 
Festival in May, 

. .K 

; ‘5 

’*.-5* by Suave Rider. The Dne- 
-v' s ; . up is: 1220 FoottnO' 

: V Focus; 12.40,1.10, 2J05 
: N*. and 4.1SSnook*n the 
■ ' -V 1 Embassy World 
/ « Profesional Snooker 

. Championship; 1.00 News 

i*/i summary and weather: 

*■' ' r: V 1.10 Ba dminto n Horse 
■■■'* •> Trials; 1 .55, 225 and325 
«■ , Racing from Newbury; 
235 and 025 Rugby 
Union: Rwa Nations XV v 
r ■ Overseas XV at 
-•v, Twickenham; 4.10 
. . r 'i- Footbal latest; 440 Hnal 

- -tt;- Score. 

' n>5 News with Jan Learning. - 
. " Weather 5.15 . • • 

; • V. &>ort/rBgiona! news. 

, tO The Moppet Show. The 
guest is ftta Moreno, who 
. won an Emmy award for 
s - her appearance in the 

> 15 The Owes of Hazard. 
Enos’ life is in danger 
when a hitman who has 
' ■ - . escaped from prison vows 
-*• to get die man who put 
<•: him there. 

■■ ■*. 30 Every Second Counts. 

’ - Comedy quiz show 
' presented by Paul Cartels. 
• '^‘JN The CoMeetota. This week 

- the customs officers are 
‘ ~ investigating rare bird 

; . smugging- (Ceefax) 

F3m: Her Ufe as a Man 
-■■’’t'. (1984) starring Robyn 
‘ r Douglass as an amoftious 
reporter who is turned 
down tor a vacant post on 
- : the sports desk because 

of her sex. Undeterred, 

_ "v, she re-appears at the 

man and promptly lands 
toe Job. Complications 
i arise whensne is sent to 
interview a sporting man- 
-•'C eater in the shape of Joan 

CoHins. A made-for- 
tetevrsion tale based on a 

RobertEtfis Miller. *** 

~25 News and sport with Jan 
■ a . . Learning. Weather. - 

- M Cagney and Lacey. With 
. ^ Mary Beth on maternity 

leave. Christine has a keen 
~ young officer as a 

'4' ~ replacement They are 

' given the task of 

investigating a series of 

- rapes which the 
replacement taddes with 

* disturbing intensity. 

- -30 Match of the Day. Jimmy 

- - HiB introduces highlights 
of two of today’s First 

f - 7 * ’ Kvision matches. • 
'teiiXuSaijio Fine Tbtw Shalt NMKn 
• (1979)starringLee Grant. 

• * •. *-» A made-for-taevisioft. - 

- •: .r r’i: drama about a lawy er's, r 

. '■* •*.?.*• - Batttetotiavettte lmtoCBnt 
chant released from a 
particularty brutal prison* 

.. . , Directed by l.CJlapopcat 

' - 55 Weather. 





Keys. News at 7J5& 

, regional report at7J8; 
•720 Tbs Wide Awake Oub 
includes music from 
- Katrina and the Waves 

.... and news ata^L 


WB No 7a. The, 


e guests 

»td alternative comedian?. 
_ 11JJ0 

baltSa with the.. 

« 1120 Secret 
The chUdren are ______ .„ 

tiwa- fishing nets to the city 
ragnttaries when they are 
gogawd by Spider 

2H2 H«*Bw*ft3oSsucheL 
120S Sotet and Gnrarate. Ian 


„ 11M1- w ,»k 

and Queen's Park 
{tangere 1230 Wrestling. 
Three bouts from The 

120 AirwolC Hawke and 
Dominic aresent to 
Nicaragua to rescue a 
kkfoapped scientist. 

Z15 Benson. The Governor's 
right hand man is ordered 
to fire Kraus by a secret 
as Governor 

245 international 

Cyetlng. The Spring Gold 
Cup Meeting from Matiory 
. . Pant 

445 Results Service. 

520 News with John Suchet 
525 Conne ctions . 

535 Robin of Sherwood. When 
Robert of Huitingdon is 

Mured in a raid, 

Marion comes to the 
rescue. When Marion 
returns home she is 
capturedby the Sheriff 
who also confiscates 
Albion, the mystical sworeL 

520 Shad's Play. Jane Asher 
and Brian Cant have to 
disoover. what young . 
dAdran are tying to • 
describe. Presented by 
Michael Aspei. 

720 Bobby Devro on the Box. 
The last orooramme of the 

720 The Price is Right lesfie 
Crowther with another 
edition of the greedy game 

B20 Tafby and Friends. Jimmy 
Tarbuck with The 
Temptations, Roy Wafkar, 
auxl Joe Longlhorne. 

9.15 CAT2.EyM.The 
invssttoatore enter the ■ 

whan they 

become embrofled in a 
war between tie - 
i and the Triads. . 

10.15 News and sport 

1030 The Latecave James 

with guests Yehudi 

Menuhin and Denholm 
BBOtt. : 

11.15 LWTNesmheadEnes 

- IbKcwedtwTHoK'nw f 
Wicked Lady (1983) 
starring Faye Dimaway -- 
■jarid Alan Bates. The 
, ’ nsads-foc-iBlevfeori 

• highway1ady,9etln17th- 
centaay England. Directed 
by Munel Winner. 


BBC 2 



125 FBm: The Dom (1974) 

• barring Timothy Bottoms 
and D&orah Raffln. The 
f of Robin Lee 
i who became the 

story of F 
Granam i 

Ithe world. Directed 
by Charles Janott 
325 Laramie. Much to Skm’s 
horror, Kitty McAfien tails 
for the charms of the 
engaging Vince Jackson. 
When S6m towns of their 
ek^ement he gives chase, 
certain that Jackson is a 

dangerous criminaL (i). 

4 25 Badminton itorse Trials. 
Coverage of the rdimax of 
the cross country stage of 
the t hroe day event 
520 Worid Snooker. Embassy 
World Professional 
Snooker Championship 
Ast round matches 
Invohrtrq; Doug Mountioy 
and Joe Johnson. 

620 Horizon: Nice Guys Finish 
First Oxford zoologist Dr 
Richard Dawkins, with 
simple rules to survival In 
a hostte world, (r) 

740 NewsViow. Jan teeming 
with today's news and 
sport; Moira Stuart 
reviews the week’s news 
in pictures with subtitles. 

720 ArotmdwWt ABbs. This 
first of a new series comes 
from Huntereombe Golf 
- Club, Henley-on-Thames, 
where Peter Afiss's guest 
is Val Doonican. 

830 Rugby Speciat Nigel 
Starmer-Smfth introduces 
of this 
i’s match at 
Twickenham between The 
Five Nations and The Rest 
of the World. 

920 World Snooker. First 
round matches of the 
Embassy World 
Professional Snooker 
Championship involving 
the first arid second 
. seeds. Dermis Taylor and 
Steve Davis. 

' £L40 HebnaL Episode one of 
ttie 16 hour long, 11 part 
drama, described as a 
German Forsyte Saga, 
following the lives of three 
famffiesuving in a small 
village, over three 
generations, from 1 91 9 to 
1982. Directed by Edgar 
Reitz. In German with - 


1140 Wand Snooker. The final 
visit of the day to the 
Cpjefbte-TbefftrB. _ . 
Sheffield, the venue of the 
Embassy World 
Professional Snooker 
Chanpionshm. Ends at ' 


1.15 Channel 4 Radng from 
Ayr. The Arpal Chemicals 
Novices Handicap Hurdle 
[I30);lfte Wftamfffl 
Grand National 

and the London and 
Northern Group Future 
Champions Novices 

320 ram:! 

starring Nelson Eddy^ 'and 
Ilona Massey. An operetta 
about a Russian pnnee 
whose romance with a 
singer is interrupted by the 
First World War and then 
by the Revolution. 
Dffectadby Reinhoid 

425 How the Cossacks 

CookBd Potato Soup. An 
animated comedy from 
Russia £toout three brave 

5.05 Brookakfe. (rHOrade) 

620 Right to Reply. Tim 

K odfin. producer of ban: A 

SSratew bSeveh fBCa * 
presented a too blinkered 
view of the Khomenei 


630 Neva summary and 
weather fotiowed by 
Credo. This first of a new 
series examines the 
question ’can a woman be 
both a Christian and a 

730 Witness to Apartheid. A 
documentary featuring 
eyewitness accounts of 
harshness of apartheid in 
South Africa. 

B20 Held in Trust Diana ! 
explores National Trusti 
Scotland properties in 
Glasgow, InckxSogChartes 
Rennie Mackintosh's Hi! 
House, and in the West 
where Brodick Castle, 
Arran, Is on the itinerary. 

920 Royalty. The third 

programme of the four- 
part series from Germany 
on how the Roved Family » 
viewed on the Continent. 

h020 H» Street BHiee. Captain 
FuriBo learns from a 
distraught Fay that Ms son 
has disappeared. (Oracle) 
1120 _ “ ~ 

1200 FBm: House of bracuM* 
( 1945) s tarring Lon 

Carracnie and Glen 
Strange as. i 
the Waif Man,! 
and Frankenstein. .. . 
reunited in the castle 
laboratory of Dr 
Edetmann. Directed by 
Erie C Kenton. Bids at 

EQUENOES: Radio 1:1053kHz/2Km;1089kHZ/275m; »2sM^4M|re 909kH/« 
5; Radio 4: 200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-95; LBC:ll52kHz/261m; VHF 972; CapitaL- 1548k 
58kHz^206m: VHF 942;^ World Service MF 648kHz/463m. 

433m; Radto 3: 1215kHz/247m: VHF -90- v 
Hz/1 94m: VHF 952; BBC Radto London 


Radio 4 J 

long wave. VHF stereo 
■'*' iaiiorts at end of Racfio ASstings. 
•• : .v3 Shipping 620 News Briefing. 
6.10 Prwube Music 
1 ■; selected by Michael Font (s) 
630 News; Farming 
; • r Today. 620 Prayer tor the 
Day (s). 625 weather. 

Travel 7.00 News.-7.10 

Today's Papers 
s ' -15 On Your Farm 
: "15 In Perspective. ReBgtous 
. - affaire with The Rev Roy 


- — TO Down to Earth. Weekend 
gardening. 725 Weather; 

' TraveL 

. -'X News 8.10 Today's 
-vr- Pt4»re. 

Sport on 4 

<*- ‘ 18 Yesterday In Parliament 
627 Weafhsn Travel. 

-■ yf- 920 News. 

T -.75 Breakaway. Gukle to 
•r' ' hoftteys with Bernard 


^ ^S0 News Stand. Anne 
• Robinson reviews the 
.✓j weekly rrHQflzffws 
fe The Week 

Westminster wHh Rater 
-i* 1 * Riddefl. Political Editor of the 
m .+ FT 

JO Loose Ends with Ned 
’ Sherrto and Ws regular 
team, including Angela 
Gordon oof The Times, 
Robert Bms and Stpephen 

30 From our own 
_ — correspondent Life and 
■ pofitics abroad, reported by 

V ' BBC foreign 


" JO News; Money Box. 

- Experts answer 
f. teteners - questions. 

Questions of Taste. 

Panel game about food 
and drink, with Russafl 
Davies ki the chair. The 
panefists include Paul Levy 
and Oz Clarke. 1225 


- ''JQ News 

10 Any Questions? with Ray 
. Whitney. MP, Brenda 
: Dean. Sir Alex Jarett and 
. Ofiw Walston. From 
1 . Huntingdon. Cambridgeshire 

.Twopence to Cross 
the'Mwsey by Helen 
Forrester. Wnh Sarah 
Badel (r). Radio version of 
•: the Forrester , 

. autobiographical novel about 

a chad hood in the^ 

* Liverpcxildums of tite 1930s 

' ’ . \10 Kara; International 

^ ' Assignment. BBC 

. • , sv correspondent report from 

. ■_ ' . aoimd the worid. 

• . *J.- JO The Satirtay Feature: 

■ ',*'2'-'- Echoes of L og Tibe t- 

-r- ' Memories of British • 

. - • -> traveBers who knew the 

mescal worid of OW 
pro wam m es, presented py 

. JohnSnaiWg. „ 

.. 45 The Fbsdyke SagalL 

Based on Bin Tidy's 
cartoon ssip.Casf tnauoes 
St^ihante Turner and 
o , ErmReitei. 

K-. J0 The Living world, 

pranked by Peter 

‘ ' 1 'vWwk&dlng. Satirical 

• r , revtewnf the week^s 

news. 520 Shipping S25 

- . . weather, Travel. 

80 News; Sports rowto-tflJ. 

B Stop the weak with 

:v» • ■ 

RctoortRobtoBOn. (s) 

720 Herefsa HeaWi Unto Her 
Majesty. An accountof 
the Bfa end reign of Queen 
• Szabeth1LW& historic 
recordings from the BBC 
Sound Archives. 

Narrators: Paulne Letts, and 

820 The Glennto 

DeterrafaiBtion. A portrait 
of Evetyn Glennie who 
graduated from the RoyaJ 
Academy of Music and ptena 
to make a career as a 
professional percussionist. 

830 Baker's Dozen. 

Baker with records (s). 

930 Thrffler Part 3 of Ruth 
Render's A Judgement in 
Stone, read terraul 
Daneman. 92 b Wbather. 
1020 News 


1030 The Mischief 

The story of Frank 
Harris, Btiur end critic, who 
ended his Bfa 
- Impoverished and 
. embWeredTha narrator 
Is CeCa Toyn&ee.Those 

takfog part. Include • 
Harris's biographer, Phlippa 
Puter, and Michael 
HokMd, Gerald Hamilton 
and Enid BagnoM 
1120 Science Now. With Peter 

1130 Bodgers, Banks and 

Sparices. Comedy senes 
vfth The Bodgers, Morwenna 
Banks and Jcxtn 

1220 News; Weather. II 
VHF (wSSein.Englaridmd 

TraveL AOq-^OOpm 
Options: 420 The Music - 
N&kare (s) Edward . 

- Seckereonmaets Nigel 
Kennedy. 430 Spain - 
Ten Years On. Robert 
Graham analyses the nevr 
Spanfc* Oonstitutlon of .1978. 
520 Literary Walks. 

Daniel Thorndike iolre 
Christopher SomeivBeon 
a waR around Dymchurch. 
530 Landscapes Ct the 
rtgjtL A scientific study of 
dreamaXast o f three 

( Radio 3 ) 

On merfium wave. For VHF Stereo 
variatio ns, see end of Radio 3 

720 News 

725 Aubada Tdrfawdw - 

‘ i Caprice), Dvorak 


OrtizpfenaandNwr . 
Phaharmonia). Berfloa: 
(Roman Carnival oovertura), 
Handel (the artaUschia 

soprano), i 


Mendeis 80 bn (Symphony 
No4).820Nbws^ . 

4.05 Record Review: metudss 
jSiCTiss^e gtedsto 
reconfings of the Beethoven 

Piano Concerto No 1. . 

■John Warrack reviews the - 
new classical disc* 

10.16 Stereo Reteaae: 

(WnterThe Good Lite A 
Soderetrom. Wankal and 



also the Symphony Nc 

Babt Yar, wlln Manus 
Rkitzlar. baas and 

Amsterd am 
Chicago SO (und 


Pieces for Orchestra), 
Mozart (Bassoon 
Conoertoin Bflat, K 191: 
E Bo LSO ta te l L Ligeti 


.120 News 


(harpsichord), bwhxtes four 
Scariatti sortati 

i sonatas and 

works tw Handel (Suite No 1 

Fstia and Martinu 
220 VBughanWSiams kihis 
Time: Mozart (Marriage 
of Figaro overture). Bach 
(Concerto in C mtoor for 

two pianos, BWV 1 080: 


(tofianLptenoa), Vaughan 
WUfiams (SymphonyNo 
6LBritten (Secktish Bafiad, 
.Op 26: Donohoe and 

Fowka, pianos). Ravel 

330 i^ScS^^^towt 
{String Quartet In Bflat 
K 45® and Martina (Quartet 
No 7) 

430 French Oboe Music: 

Robin Canter (oboe). 
lim Hendry (piano). Saint- 
Saens (Sonata Op 1 66). 

6rovtez (Sarabands and 



520 Jazz Record _ 

Request3^with Peter 

6.45 Q^Ira^Forujrt topics for 
dlscusdon fnckide the 
Shared Experience 
production of Three 
Sisters, and the James Ivory 
film, A Room with a View 

635 Music tar Organ: Peter 
Hurtord plays wonts ter 
Buxtehude. Bach, Bohm, 
Andre Raison (Trio en 

7,10 Mary King and Andrew 
Bad: mezzo-soprano and 

te mezzo-soprano i 


rmtotimido), Dufflteux 
(Quafre mmakxtioa, 
1943. etc), and Berio 







Uchjda.. piena). Handel 
'^GrossoinB . 

No 2), Mozart 

Living Novctist Lisa 
rearfings from her new novel 

The Bay of SJtence 
Conceit contd). Mozart 
(Pteno Concerto No 25} 
Quasimodo in Trauhera: 
Pear Hennessy 
: hi* wot to 

10.15 Bach and Stravtoeky: 

Bach's Suite No 3 in D, BWV 
1068; and Stravinsky's 
rin three 

1120 Continental Cabaret 
Chansons: the artistes 
include Lee Qiatre Barbus. 

■ Betove,Les 

Jacaues and the Viennese 
Kabarettdar Ktassficer 
1130 Poulenc: Paid i 
intermezzo In A flat, Sute 
francaise, and Nocturnes 
Nol and 4 

1127 News. 1220 News 
VHF oiAr: Open University. 

From 635am to 625. Management 
a ndtheachooL 

( Radio 2 ) 

420am Martin Standtofd (S) 

620 Steve Troetove (s) 826 David 

Jacobs (s) 1020 Sounds of the 

60s (s) 1120 Atom Time with 
Peter Clayton (s) 120 The 
News HuddUnea 130 Sport on 2. 
tndudng Snooker (Operwig . 
day of the Embassy Work! 

Championshfos) Racing from 

Newbury. Rugby Union: Rve 
Nations XV v Overseas xv from 

Twickenham. 520 Sports Report. 

620 Gloria Hunniford Presents 

Two s best 7-00 Pop Score Ray 

Moore asks the questions 730 

BBC Welsh Synmhony Orchestra. 

Music from Northern Lands: a 
tour with stops In Finland, Norway 
and Russia. 830340 Interval. 

Top of the biM: memories of a 

muac-haa famfly, presented by 

_ Sound 

(BBC Radto Orchestra) (s) 

1025 Martin Kelnw (s) 1225am 
Living Legends (s) 120 Ba 

Reynolds — 

Music (s) 

( Radio 1 ) 

620 Mark Page 820 Peter 
Poweti 1020 Dave Lee Travis 

120pm Adrian Juste (s) 220 
Pi4y Top Ten. Bryan Ferry talks to 
Andy Peebles. 320 The 
American Chart Show. America's 
latest hits and a countdown of 

the US Top 40 direct from New 

York (with Gary Byrd) 520 
Saturday Live (s) 630 In Concert 
King, at the Dominion. 

Tottenham Ct Rd (s) 7JR) 

Annsmarie Grey 930-1230 The 

Midnight Runner Show (with Dixie 

Peach) VHF RADIOS 18 2. 

4.00am As Radio 2. 120pm As 

Radto 1. 730420am As Radio 



GJK> NBwMMfc 830 Meridian 720 News 

720 TVwnty-Four Hours 730 From the 

WMkfes 745 Network 020 News 829 

Reflections 8.15 A JoSy Good Show 920 

News 929 Review of the British Press 

9.15 me Worid Today 930 Financial 
News 9l40 Look Ahead 945 About Britain 

1020 News 1021 Hera's HumpM 10.15 

Letter From America 1130 Nmn 1129 

News About Brian 11.15 God Save me 

Oueen (htoorytf National Anthem). 1130 

Meridian 1220 Radto Newsreel 12.15 

Anything Coes 1245 Sports Roundup 

120 News 128 Twenty-Four Hours 1 30 

I Network UK 145 CouwyStFe 220 News 

2.01 Saflirday Special MO Radio News- 

i (S6I3.15 Sahrtay asedai 420 News 429 

Commentary 4.15 Sturday Special 545 
Sports Rounowj 820 News 829 Twenty- 
Four hour tM Jazz tor toe Asking 920 

News 021 Byways of hfistory MS wmars 

New 930 Poopte and Potttes 1020 News 

1029 From our owTrCorresponoem 1030 

New Ideas 1040 Reteebons 1045 Sports 

Roundup 1120 News 1120 Commentary 

11.15 LsttBrtlO* 1130 Hitsvtte USA 1220 

News 1220 News About Britain 12.15 

Raon Newsreel 1120 Baker's hbm Doom 

120 News 121 P«sy or me wank: The 

queen at Spem Frftwry 229 Review of 

nwBntisli Press 2-15 A Short Walk In toe 
Hridu Kusn 230 Albun Time 320 News 

329 News About fanaln 3.15 From Our 

Own Corresoondeni 445 Rnendel Re- 
Iview 4 25 Reflections 520 News 529 

mm - tour hours 545 Letter from Amert- 



tkaM in QMT. 

Regional 71 on m facing page. 



Untveretty- uma 

650 Ptay School, presented by 
man Jameson and 

935 The London 1 

The capital's annual 
athietics extr a vaganza is 
gjvwi a rwal aantWf this 

year with Prince Charles 

the official starter, wtnng 
the 22,000-odd 
competitors on titer, for 
some, 26 into journey. 
David Coteman, Ron 
Pickering and Brendan 
Foster keep their eyes on 
the leaders while Bob 
Wilson. Archie 
MacPheraon end David 
Davies conduct the 
interviews with officials, 
spectators Md the 

12.10 TNafetbeDay. Astmpla 
act of worship from the 
Enfield. Mkldesex. home 
of Ray Boreham. a soldier 
to the Salvation Army. 

1340 The London Marathon 86. 
An up-date on the 
progress of those stifl 



Wapping „ 
urged on. no doubt, by the 
naturally friendly badinage 
of the pickets outside 
News btemattonaL 

130 Fsmiing. Philip Wrixon 
presents a fHm report on 
the government's 
Broadteaved Woodland 
Gram Scheme; and 
Professor Laurence 
Roche of Bangor 
University discusses the 
future for forestry as an . 
alternative to terming 143 

1.45 This Week Next Week. 

Does terrorism thrive on 

EastEnden. A compilation 
of the week's opcodes. 
(Ceefax) 340 Cartoon 
featuring Tom and Jerry. 
_And the Queen Passed 
By. On the eve of The 
Queens 60th birthday, a 
repeat of the film fotiowirtg 
the Queen's 1963 tour of 
Jamaica, the United States 
and Canada. 

430 Eurovision Song Contest 
The first of two 
pr ogr a mm es previewing 
the songs competing in 
next month's contest to 
Bergen. Introduced by 
David Hamilton. 

535 The London Marathon 66. 
Highlights of this 
morning's, and for soma, 
this afternoon's, race. 
iucad by Hugh ScuBy 
from Doncaster Race 
Course. (Ceefax) 

630 News with Jan Learning. 

640 Songs of Praise from the 
parish church of St Mary 
and St Nicholas, Spalding. 

7.15 AJL-Aimo DominL The 
fifth and final part of the 
drama series on the birth 
of Christianity and the 
downfall of the Roman 
Empire. (Ceefax) 

945 That's Ufa. The 

programme includes the 
television debut of the 
Queen's Birthday Song; 
and an item on the child 
seat belt law. 

1035 News with Jan Learning. 

weather. " 

1640 The Rock Gospel Show. 
The guests indude Sal 
Solo and, from Chicago, 
the Resurrection Band. 

11.15 Geoffrey Smith's Wortd of 
Flowers. Violets and 
pansies, (r) 

114d The London Marathon 86. 
A repeat of the programme 
shown at 5.05. 

1235 Weather. 


iu o 

old Lady Margaret i 
a doughty fighter fc 
people o: Liverpool 

-TV- AM 

635 Good Morning Britain. 

i with A Thought for 
i'jncay; 730 A 
Awake Yet? 735 Cartoon; 
730 me What's News 
quiz; 8.10 Jeni Barnett's 
Pick of the Week; 537 
News headlines. 

830 Jonathan D imbieby on 


935 Wake Up London. The 
Viaous Boys pay a visit to 
the zoo- 935 Woody and 
Friends. Cartoons 945 
Roger Randal Cartoon. 

1030 Morning Worship from 
Trinity and Ail Saints 
College. Leeds. 11 30 

Getting On. Gillian 
Reynolds talks to 66-year 
for the 
Liverpool who 
just retired as a 
Labour councillor for 
Granby in Tcxteth 1130 
Once a ThML? presented 
by Marcel Berlins. This 
third pro gr amme in the 
senes on crime ui Britain 
today examines the 
reasons why people other 
than police are becoming 
more active m crime 

1230 Weekend Wortd. How far 
will Br-tain go with the 
Reagan way at fighting 
terrorism? Brian Walden 
talks to Sir Geoffrey 
Howe. 1.00 Polices. 

Shaw Taylor with another 
selection ct dues » 
unsolved crime m the 
London area. 1.15 The 
Smurfs. Cartoon senes, (t) 

130 LWT News headlines 

followed by Platform. The 
first of a new senes 
examining haw the media 
presents life, presented by 
Paul Johnson. 

230 The Milk Cup Final 

1986. Oxford United versus 
Queen's Perk Rangers. 
The commentator is Brian 

445 Intern a tio nal Boxing. The 
Champ-onship of the 
World. The heider Michael 
Spinks meets Larry 
Holmes at the Las Vegas 

530 Albion Market Lisa 

clinches an important deal, 

630 News with John Suchet 

640 Appeal on behalf of the 
Child Poverty Action 

645 Highway. Sir Harry 

Secombe is in Yeovilton. 

7.15 Catehph r ase. Game 
show. (Oracle) 

745 FHm: Ashanti (1979) 
starring Michael Came. 
Peter Ustinov, and Beveriy 
Johnson. The wife of a 
missionary is kidnapped 
from her west African 
vitiage home by slave 
traders and the husband 
enlists the yfllagers 
assistance in his attempts 
to rescue the lady. 

Directed by Richard 

945 News 

1030 Spilling Image. Another 
dose of satire from the 
mouths of the latex 

1030 The South Bank Show. 
Meivyn Bragg assesses 
the work of the Hull Truck 
Theatre Company and its 
director, John Godber. 

1130 LWT News headlines 

followed by Trapper John. 
Medical drama series set 
to a San Francisco 

1230 Night Thoughts. 

June Anderson (left)and Marilyn Horne in the Royal Opera House 
prod action of Rossini's SemiimnSde (Radio 3 . 1 . 00 pn» 

. - , BBC 2 ; 

6.50 Open University. Until 135 

135 Sunday Grandstand, 

introduced by Steve Rider. 
The tine-up is: Snooker- 
Embassy World 

Professional Snooker 
Championship first round 
matches involving Alex 
Higgins and Tony Meo; 
Bad min ton Horae THnte - 
highlights of the dressage 

and cross country 
sections of the three day 
event and live coverage of 
the show-jionping; The 
London Marathon - Steve 
Rider interviews the 

5.15 Horo w it z hi Moscow. 
Vladimir Horowitz returns 
to Moscow for the first 
time to 61 years to give 
concerts at the Moscow 
and Leningrad 
Conservatories. This 
afternoon s concert 
simultaneously broadcast 
on stereo Radio 3. 
includes music by Mozart, 
Sartabm. Schubert and 
Rachmaninov. The 
programme also includes 
25 minutes of 
documentary footage of 
the rehearsals, attended 
by students from the 

7.15 Nature, introduced by 
Tony Soper. A special' 
examining the political 
implications of the Green' 
movement Among those 
appearing are 
Environment Minister. 
William Waktegrave; Dr 
David Owen; David Clark. 
Labour's environment 
spokesman; and Jonathan 
Porritt director of the 
Friends of the Earth 

730 The Money Programme, 
presented by Brian 
Widiake and Valerie 
Singleton. There are items 
on Britain's dO-ft-yourself 
housebuilding craze; and 
on how re-conditioned 
parts can lead to cheaper 
car insurance. 

835 World Snooker. Jimmy 
White, seeded seven, 
meets John Vbgo. in a first 
round match of the 
Embassy World 
Professional Snooker 

945 HeimaL Episode two of 
the 11-part drama serial 
tracing the lives of three 
German families over 
three generations from 
1919 to 1962. Eduard, sent 
to Berlin for medical 
treatment accidently 
enters a brothel ana is 
captivated by one of the 
□iris. He brings herback to 
me vfflaga. 

11.15 Worid Snooker. The 
closing frames of the day 
in matches involving 
Jimmy White and John 
Virgo; end Joe Johnson 
and Dave Martin. Ends at 



1.10 Irish Angle - Hands. How 
qua meo day is made into 
pipe works 

135 The Making of Britain- Dr 
Jenny Wormaid, a Fellow 
of St Hilda's College. 
Oxford, assesses the 
reign of Kmg James VI of 
Scotland and James I of 
England, the first Kmg of 

230 The Pocket Money 

Prog ra mme. How to earn 
iL to save it and to spend 

2.10 FflrrcBabes on Broadway" 
(1941) starring Mickey 
Rooney and Judy Garland. 
A musical, choreographed 
and directed by Busby 
Berkeley, about a song; 
and -dance trio performing 
for their supper in a 
spagnett joint 

4.45 Durreii in Russia. Gerald 
Our ret! and his wife Lee 
visit the Oke Reserve. 300 
miles to tne south west of 
Moscow, where 
naturalists are mounting a 
large rescue operation to 
save animals from the 
spnng floods. (Orede) 

5.15 News summary and 
weather followed by The 
Business Programme. A 
report on the final stages 
of Britain's two biggest 
take-over battles - Hanson 
Trust v Imperial, and Argyll 
v Distillers. 

630 International Gymnastics: 
Kraft Champions All. 
presented by Sue Robbie 
from the Wembley Arena. 

7.15 Path of the Ram God. Part 
two of the three- 
programme series filmed 
in Belize following the 
cyde of water from a 
mountain peak to coral 
reel. (Oracle) 

8.15 SintonJetta. This second 
programme In the series 
on 20th century music, 
presented by Paul 
Cross ley, concentrates on 
the work of the Austrian 
composer Arnold 

930 Zastrozzi, a Romance. 
Episode two of the tour- 
part tragi-comic romance 
written by Shelley when 18 
years old. 

1030 Sweet Disaster. An 
animated film about the 
end of the world. 

10.15 F*m The Wooden Horae* 
(1 950) starring Leo Germ 
and Anthony Steel. 

Classic Second World War 
drama about an ingen i-ous 
plan by prisoners of war to 
break out of Germany's 
Stalag Luft ill. Directed by 
Jack Lae. 

12-10 FibiK London Can TakeK* 
(1940). A documentary, 
made by Harry Watt and 
Humphrey Jennings, 
about London dumigthe 
German blitz. Ends at 


C Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. VHF stereo 
variations at end of Radio 4 listings. 
535 Shipping. 630 News Briefing; 
Weather. 6.10 Prelude 
[Music selected by Michael 
Ford (s) 630 News: 

Morning Has Broken. Hymns 
presented by Charlotte 
Green. 635 Weather; Travel. 
7.00 News. 7.10 Sunday 
Papers 7.15 Apna Hi Ghar 
Samahiye 7.45 Bells 
730 Turning Over New 
Leaves 735 Weather; 


830 News. 8.10 Sunday 

8.15 Sunday. Refigtous news 
and views, presented by 
Clive Jacobs. 

050 Sue MacGregor appeals 
tar the Week s Good 
Cause. 635 Weather; Travel 
930 News. 9.10 Sunday 

Papers 3.15 Letter From 
America by Alistair Cooke 
930 Momma Semca 
from Christ Church, Clifton. 

10.15 The Archers. Omntous 
etfition 11.15 Pick Of The 
Week. A selection by 
Margaret Howard (S) 

12.10 It'S Your World: 01 -580 
4444. Phone-in to The 
Duke of Edinburgh about the 
work of The Worid 
Wildlife Fund 130 The Wortd 
This Weekend: News. 

1.55 Shipping 2.00 News; 
Gardeners' Question 
Time 230 The Afternoon 
Play: Albert's Bridge by 
Tom Stoppard. Starring John 

330 Jasna. An insight into the 
Jane Austen Society of 
North Amenca. 

430 News; The Fbod 
Programme. Derek 

Cooper on the packaging 

430 Die Natural History 
imme. Fergus 
iing and Nick Daves talk 
to Peter Grckg-Smith 
about new approaches to 
pest control. 

530 News; Travel 
535 The Maverick King. Nigel 
Andrews's portrait of 
Often Whiles (r). 530 
Shipping. 535 Weather 
630 News 

8.15 Weekend Women's 
Hour. Highlights of the 
past week's programmes, 
with Salty Feldman. 

730 Travel: Joseph Andrews 

^writo^xra^Garreti in 
the title role (s) 

830 Bookshelf: wales and 
the Welsh, with June 
Knox-Mawer, Die Jonas, 
Emyr Humphreys and 
Dannie Absa(r) 

830 The Monarchy in Britain. 

The history ot the Crown 
Jewels. With Brian Hoey. 

930 A Very Warm Welcome. 

Laurie Taylor talks to 
Lady Rotfmie. 

930 Six Man. Anne Brown 
tatits to former convict 
JohnMcVcar. 935 Weather; 
1030 News 

10.15 The Sunday Feature: A 
Ufe Full Of Gifts. 

Leonard Bernstein, talks to 
John Parry about Ms 
career in music, 

11.00 Ray Short a) fresco. The 

Rev Ray Short reflects 
on the way we see 
ourselves, our wortd and 
our God. 

11.15 In Committee. The work 
ot Parbamem's select 

12.00 News: Weather. 1233 

VHF (avadaote in England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except 5^5-6.G0am Weather 
Travel. 730*8.00 Open 
University: 73 Rutherford and 
the Atom 730 Hume s The 
Enquiry 740 Technology: 
Learning From Europe. 
430-6.00pin Options; 43 The 
Mind to Focus. 430 The 
Mind In Focus. 430 Learning 
Asian Languages 5.00 
Brainwaves. 530 Get By in 

( Radio 3 ) 

6-55 Weather. 7.00 News 

7.05 Franck and his Circle: 

Works by d'lndy 
(Chansons et dansesl, Lekeu 
(Troispoemes. with 
Bra no Laplante-bantonej. 
and Franck (Symphonic 
Variations, with Cure on, 

830 Savid M unrow with Early 
Music Consort of 
London. Works by Josqum 
(including Scaramena). 

Bach (Sonatina, cantata No 
106etc),Perotin and 
Grandi (O vos annas). 930 

935 Your Concert Choice: 

Victoria (Salve Regina tor 
‘ two choirs). Beethoven 
(Sonata inG. Op3i Nol; 
BrendeO, Spohr (Double 
Quartet m E minor, Op 
87), Handel (Sarabands, 
Minuet Hornpipe: Love 
in Bath, arranged Beecham) 

1030 Music Weekly: includes 
John C G Waterhouse on 
Respighi, his contemporaries 
and the remoter Italian 
past and a visa to the 
Yehudi Menuhin School. 

11.15 Tuck wed Wind Quintet 
with Stpephen Trier 
(bass clarinet). Nielsen 
(Quiptet. 1922). Janacsk 
[Mladi, 1924) 

12.15 Cello and 
watifisch and Peter 
Waflfiseh. FaBa (Meiodia 
e Romania). Mompou (El 
Pont), Haltfter (Sonata) 

1230 Coaectare' 1tems:mora 
readings by Michael 
Hordern from tin humorous 
writings otColm 

130 Semiramkfa; Rosstol s 

opera sene m two acts. 

Sung in Italian, and recorded 
on tne stage of toe Royal 
Opara House. Covent 
Garden. Henry Lewis 
conducts toe Chorus and 
Orchestra of the Royal 
Opera House. Cast includes 
June Anderson. Marilyn 
Home, Samuel Rainey. Chris 
Merritt Judith Howarto 
and G wynne Howefl. Act 
one. Act two begins at 

4.45 The Epsteto Affair 
feature by Sandra MSter, 
with Lae Montague as the 
sculptor and Garard 
Green as Arnold Haskel (r) 

535 Horowrt2 in Moscowrihe 
celebrated pianist in a 
two-part recital given today 
m Moscow. The works 
include three Scarlatti 
sonatas, two Scriabin 
Etudes, Mozart's Sonata in . 
C. K339), and toe 
Rachmaninov Preludes in G, 
Op 32No5. and in G 
sharp minor, Op 32 No 12. 
Also on BBC 

6.15 Monsieur Maurice. 

Margaret Robertson 
reads the Colette story 

630 Horowitz (part 

two).Works by Chopm 
(Mazurkas; Polonaise m A 
flat. Op 53). Schuben 
(Impromptu to B flat, D 939 
No 3 and Liszt 
transcription of Soirees de 
Vienne No 6) and Liszt 
(Sonetto 104 tlel 
Petrarca). Broadcast 
simultaneously with BBC2 

7.15 Vienna Philharmonic: 

Strauss family works 

7.45 Richard tih another 
chance to hear toe Radio 

4 production of toe 
Shakespeare play, with 

fan Holm in the title role, and 
a cast including Tom 
Wilkinson. Barbara J afford. 
Sarah Badel, Melinda 
Walker and Philip 
Voss. Director: Jane 

10.15 Music at the Dresden 
CourtiPartone. La 
Raphaete in performances of 
works by Schutz. J J 
WaJther, Handel andZelanka 

1035 Changes; Verse 

compilation by Robin 
Holmes. Readers: Holmes 
and Rosalind Shanks 

1135 Music at the Dresden 
Court part two. works by 
Antonio Lotti, W F Bach and 

5 Bach 

1137 News. 1230 Closedown. 



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Horowitzoa BBC2 at S.lS^ad Radio 3 at 5.25- And Ava 
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On medkm wave. VHF variations 
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News on toe hour [330pm, 430 
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430am Martin Stanford (s) 630 
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says Good Momma Sunday (s) 

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1030 Jazz Score. From Ronnie 
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Sounds Of Jazz (Peter Clayton) 
(stereo From midnight) 1.00am Bill 
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330-430 A Littta Night Music (5). 

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News on toe half hour until 
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Club (1982. 1976. and 1970)230 
American Bandstand featuring 
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630 Newsaesk 630 Jazz tor me Asking 
730 News 7X8 Twenty-Four Hours 730 
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made 830 News 839 Hettecooris 8.15 
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1230 News 1231 Play of toe Wee* The 
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4.15 it's Your World 5.45 Sports Roundup 
830 News 839 Twenty-Four Hours 830 
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News 339 News Abour Brnan 3.15 Good 
Books *4S The Onana 455 Reflections 
530 News 539 Twenty Four Hours 5.45 
RacortWigof the Waek-AB tannin GUT. 












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Parting shots 

from the best 


By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Twickenham today wiD see 
the conclusion of the Interna- 
tional Rugby Football Board's 
centenary celebrations, spon- 
sored by Save and Prosper. At 
the same time notice will be 
Served on some modem rugby 
realities — re Eating to law inter- 
pretation among other things — 
which will exercise the minds of 
the 16 members of the board 
who conclude their annual 
meeting next Wednesday. 

It has been an interesting 
meeting of minds at Heythrop 
Park this week, with delegates 
from 54 countries expressing 
views on the Board's past — and 
future. On the playing field at 
Cardiff and now at Twicken- 
ham. some of the worid's 
leading competitors have ex- 
pressed themselves loo and 
their final throw today should 
be a memorable one. 

There was unanimity among 
the players after Wednesday's 
encounter between the British 
Lions and the Overseas Unions, 
that the atmosphere and ap- 
proach resembled much more 
nearly the start of an interna- 
tional series than a festival 
game. It will be so again today, 
even though the French have 
“changed sides’’: the competi- 
tion between the northern and 
southern hemispheres wfl] see to 

Both sides regretted the heavy 
rain at Cardiff which induced 
mistakes and made the ball 
difficult to handle. Though there 
was no sign of it yesterday, as 
the teams trained at 
Roehampton and Lensbury. We 
must hope today for a dry bail 
so that the likes of Sella and 
Blanco, Gerber and Kirwan can 
give free rein to their attacking 

A rare South 
African presence 

Some of these players we are 
unlikely to see in action here 
again: Hayden, for instance, that 
evergreen All Black who. at 34. 
was stiG making sure of goring 

elementary details right at kick- 
offs with Botha yesterday. A 
younger generation of back tow 
men is challenging the suprema- 
cy of Shaw and Mated (a 
replacement today! and 
Loveridge, that model scrum 
half is now counting the days. 

Dalton, their captain at home 
in New Zealand and also here, 
will make sure they do them- 
selves justice, aided by the 
South Africans whose presence 
on a world stage is all too rare. If 
Gerber and Sella really are the 
two best centres in the world, 
which will obtain the 

AD the rime, however, there 
exists the threat posed by the 
visit w South Africa of an 
unofficial side from New Zea- 
land. seven of whose playere are 
due to appear in Johannesburg 
today at the behest of the 
Transvaal union — who sent 
invitations to players from all 
four home countries though 
only a handful accepted, none of 
them English — while the main 
tour schedule begins next 

Telegrams on 
the tour issue 

Colin Meads, the All Blacks 
selector who is coach to the 
unofficial party, received yester- 
day a telegram from Ces Blazey. 
chairman of the New Zealand 
council, which can have left him 
in no doubt of the council's 
view, though Mr Blazey does 
not intend to institute an 
inquiry until he returns to New 
Zealand — by which time he wiB 
know whether the players are 
continuing to ignore their 
union's request 

The text of the telegram read: 
“We have advised the SARB 
that the issuing of invitations to 
New Zealand players to play in 
Smith Africa without our per- 
mission or knowledge is unac- 
ceptable to the NZRFU. You 
should be aware that there is a 
long established agreement be- 
tween unions that invitations 

must be issued through the 
National Rugby Unions. 

“The SARB has been advised 
that only the seven named 
players in their invitations sent 
to the NZRFU have our clear- 
ance to play in South Africa and 
that we expect them to allow 
only those players to play in the 
matches as specified. The other 
New Zealand players should not 
be allowed to play in the 
matches in South Afnca." 

A telegram has also gone to 
the South African Rugby Board 
in Cape Town — whose presi- 
dent, Dr Danie Craven, and 
manager, Alex KeDerman, are 
in London — indicating that the 
maximum number of New 
Zealand players available for 
celebration matches in Trans- 
vaal and Natal is severe “Hence 
we were amazed," the telegram 
read, “to leam that many 
additional players had been 
invited and had accepted with- 
out our knowledge or 
appro vaT. 

FIVE NATIONS: S Banco (Biarritz 
and France); T M Rfawiand (Baflvmana 
and Ireland}. P Seta (Agen and 
France), M J Neman (DoipAai and 
Ireland). HUrideriiwoodreeicestsrand 
Endandfc M Dacey (Swansea and 

Wales), H J Ml (Bath and England); J 
WMefoot (Cardiff and Wales). S E 
Brain (Coventry and England). I G 
Ktae (Hariequns and Scotland), J 
Jeffrey (Kelso and Scotland). D G 
London (Cork Constitution and Ire- 
land. cacO. J Condom (Boucau and 
France), L R ee Mn ue z (MonHte- 
Marsan and Francal I A M Paxton 
fieftMc and Scotfanch. Replacements: 
A G Hastings (London Scottish and 
Scotland), B J MuBn (Dublin Unwwr- 


and Wales) C T Deans (Hawick and 
Scotland) DC Fitzgerald (Lansdowne 
and Ireland). J R Beattie (Glasgow 
Academicals and Scotland). 
(Australia); J J Kmm (New Zealand), 
D M Gerber (South Africa), W Taylor 
(New Zealand), C J (hi Ptessis (South 
Africa): H E Botha (South Africa). D S 
Loveridge (New Zaatencft E E Rodri- 
guez (Ausirate), A G Qaton (New 
Zealand, capt). P R van der Merwe 
South Afnca), M W Shaw (New 
Zealand). A M Roden (New Zealand), 
S A G Cutler (Auetrafe), S P Mdavta 
(Australia), S N Tynman (AustraSa). 
Replacements: M P Lynagh (Austra- 
Sa). W R Smith (New Zealand), N C 
Farr-Jonea (AustraSa), T A Lawton 
(Australia), G A Knight (New Zealand), 
M G Matted (NewZealand). 

Referee: 0 1 M Burnett (Ireland). 

Seko to win despite lack of fitness 

By Pat Batcher Athletics Correspondent 


White’s world chance 

By Sydney Frisian 

Dennis Taylor, who took 
lhe Embassy world title from 
Steve Davis on the last ball 
last year, begins his defence of 
it at the Cnicible Theatre. 
Sheffield, this morning with a 
first-round match over 19 
frames against the much-im- 
proved Mike HalletL Davis 
will be opposed by Ray Ed- 
monds. Both marches will be 
completed lonighL 
Davis, the favourite, will he 
attempting to win the title for 
a fourth time, although in his 
path to the final are such stiff 
obstacles as Qiff Thorbum. of 
Canada. Jimmy White, Willie 
Thorne and Tony Meo. Davis 
couid meet White in the 
quarter-finals and. as Davis 
said, “Whoever wins this 
match could go on to take the 

White, whose prolific pot- 
ting power enabled him to win 
the Mercantile Credit Classic 
and more recently the Benson 
and Hedges Irish Masters title, 
has twice come within sight of 
the world title. In 1982 a rash 
shot cost him the semi-final 
against Alex Higgins, who 
went on to win the title, and in 
the 1984 final White recov- 
ered brilliantly after being 12- 
4 down at the end of the first 
day. only to lose 18-16 to 
Davis. White has matured in 
his safety play and stands as 
good a chance as any of 
winning the tide. 

Taylor could have a tough 
match against HalletL The 
title holder, who is second in 

'» A.S' 

the provisional world 
rankings, has won only two 
tournaments this season, the 
Canadian Masters and the 
Kil-Kal tournament but was 
runner-up to Davis in the 
Rothmans Grand Prix. If he 
comes through his earlier 
rounds he should meet Hig- 
gins or Teny Griffiths in the 

Thome and Thorbum could 
meet in the quarter-finals. 
Thorbum, winner of the 
Langs Scottish Masters title, 
the Goya Matchroom Trophy 
and the Benson and Hedges 
Masters at Wembley, will 
make another bold attempt to 
regain the title he won in 1 980. 
But Davis on his present form 
will be the hardest to beat and 
looks the most likely winner. 

Toshihiko Seko's opposi- 
tion to becoming the first 
foreign men’s winner of the 
Mars London Marathon since 
Inge Simonsen. of Norway, 
and Dick Beardsley, of the 
United States, dead-heated in 
the inaugural race in 1981 is 
likely to be Christoph Herie, 
of West Germany, and Pat 
Peterson, of the United States. 
The foremost British runners. 
Hugh Jones, AQistair Hutton, 
Kevin Forster and Mike 
G ration seem more concerned 
about earning places in the 
European championships and 
Commonwealth Gaines later 
this vear than winning the 
$25,000 (about £16,700) first 
prize tomorrow. 

The concern over winning 
championship places and 
medal potential is particularly 
gratifying when there is rising 
suspicion that the money 
coming in to athletics will 
become an end in itself. But 
championship honours also 
ensure good appearance mon- 
ey- in future races like the 
London Marathon, and since 
the prize money for the men 
tomorrow goes down to $800 
for 15th place, none of the 
above is likely to go short of a, 
few bob. 

Grete Waitz, of74orway, the 
women's winner in 1983, is a 
strong favourite tomorrow for 
the equal prize of $25,000, so 
the likelihood is that this fixed 
London race will be the fust 
without at least one British 

Seko, aged 29, has been one 

of the leading Japanese mara- 
thon runners for almost a 
decade. He has won four tiroes 
in Fukuoka, and once in 
Boston and Tokyo, the latter 
in 1983 being his fastest time, 
2hr 8 min 38sec. That same 
year, be set world track 
records for 25km and 30km, 
but he missed the first world 
championships in Helsinki to 
prepare for the Olympic 
Games, where he finished 
only 14th. Tomorrow will be 
his first marathon since then. 

But there is a fair indication 
that he is dose to his 1983 
form, despite his contention 
earlier this week when he 
arrived in London that he is 
only 80 per cent fit, an 
estimation which drew a typi- 
cally blunt disavowal from 
Alan Storey, national mara- 
thon coach and the adviser to 
Hugh Jones, for a month ago 
in Christchurch, Seko ran 
three seconds outside his 
world 30km record, with ihr 
29 min 21sec. 

Jones, the London winner 
in 1982, in contrast maintains 
that be is on his best form 
since before Los Angeles, 
where be finished half a dozen 
places ahead of Seko. Jones 
ran 2hr lOnun 36sec in Pe- 
king, behind the Japanese Soh 
twins last October, but he said 
yesterday that he would be 
content to join his n a m esake, 
Steve, who has been pre- 
selected for the European 
championships in Stuttgart in 
late August That is also 
Hutton's objective, since he 

became disenchanted with the 
Scottish selectors’ refusal to 
nominate him for the Com- 
monwealth Games marathon 
in bis home town of Edin- 
burgh. They were always likely 
to do so after tomorrow, the 
deadline that they had set for 
performances to be consid- 
ered. But since Hatton has 
decided to run London, which 
he maintains is too dose to the 
Commonwealth Games mara- 
thon in early August, he will 
now go for the 10,000 metres 
in. Edinburgh, as will Steve 

Top finishers 
in The Times 

Tandem Computers wfli 
start their race the moment the 
first runner crosses the fine. 
Unlike previous years when 
weeks would pass before run- 
ners knew where they had 
finished or what their official 
tones were. Tandem’s staff 
wiB be s printi ng to get all 
results available that B igot. 

They will be attempting to 
five up to the company's 
slogan of M the computer that 
never stops”. 

Through courtesy of Tan- 
dem Computers, The Times 
will publish on Monday the 
names and finishing times of 
all runners who break three 
hours ami of aO the women 
who better 3hr 30nrin. Of the 
25,272 admitted entrants, 
3,700 are predicting they wiB 
crack the three-hour barrier. 

Jones as a precursor to the 
marathon in stntigart ; 

If everything goes, to form, 
which is about as likely as the 
weather forecast, which is for 
light wind and rain and KTC. 
which is ideal for marathon 
running, it would almost seem 
as if the British fhvoarites bad 
worked out the selections for 
themselves. . ■ . 

Because, with Charlie 
Speeding, 1984 London win- 
ner, already nominated for 
England's Commonwealth 
Games team the two remain- 
ing leading Englishmen, 
Gratton, 1983 London win- 
ner, and Forster, both prefer 
to compete in EdurbtugftrThe' 
man most Hkdyfo upset these 
plans is Jimrnmy Ashworth, 
while Fraser Oyne and Jim 
Dingwall could prevent John 
Graham being selected for 
Scotland in Edinburgh if he 
does not ran well in the 
Rotterdam marathon today. 

- Steve Anders, who has had 
a successful run of half-mara- 
thon victories in the last year; 
has been enisled to take the 
London men through that 
distance in 64min, hut Mrs 
Waltz’s brother. Jan Ander-.. 
sen, who has paced her in the 
past, caught his arm ;ixr a 
printing press last week, and 
wiB not be on hand to hefp 
tomorrow m her attempt to 
beat her personal best of 
225.29 set m her 1983 victory 

That is a strong possibility, 
in view of her recent world 
bests on the road, five miles in 

2 5m in 3«€ and 25km in thr 
22mm 28scc. Bui although 
Vcronique . Marot’s recent 
half-marathon time of 7Qorin 
Msec has been modified to 
_ 70min 23scc, that is stiH 50 
seconds better than her own 
UK best for the French bora 
Marot, and suggests that her 
British marathon besr of 2hr 
28 mitt04sec could aboga 
The boom in the number of 
marathOns around the world 
is diminishing, but interest in 
tire races remainswfle 
ev idence of which is a record 
fieid of about 20,000 tomor- 
row. Someone who wifi not be 
running, hot has been making 
a lot of noise this week about 
: being unable to do so became 
of the sporting boycott of his 
country is Marie Pfarfes, a 
Cape Coloured Sooth African, 
who has run 2hr OSrain 58scc. 

. Pfeijes is in London as the 
guest of a South African 
nutrition company which has 
a stand at the marathon 
exhibition. He maintains that 
there are aboni 40 whites who 
live in Sooth Africa but who 
retain European passports, 
and who are running tomor- 
row. Platjes asks with some 
justification why they can ran 
and not him. 

This afternoon's Rotterdam 
marathon, where Carlos 
Lopes set a world best of 2hr 
7min 12sec last year also has 
Commonwealth 10,000 me- 
tres champion, Gidamis 
Shahanga, of Tanzania, and 
the Ethiopians. Abebe 
Mekonnen and Densima 





Cystic fibrosis is the most widespread hereditary 
disease in this country. 

One in twenty adults is a carrier But nobody 
realises they're carrying cystic fibrosis until it appears in 
their children, delivering persistent and ultimately fatal 
blows to the lungs and digestive system. 

Now, a new breakthrough has given real hope 
that the earners will soon be identified And a 
cure will at last be found. 

But there will be no cure without 
more research, / 'id no research without 
more money. 

If you are not carrying cystic fibrosis, 
there's a good chance a friend of yours is. 

Please help by sending anything you 
can with the coupon. Or by telephoning a 
credit card donation on 01 -200 0200. 

Michael Coleman gives the runner’s eye view of die London Marathon’s historic course 

The de luxe tour that is paid for in sweat and t 

One boons mark to be 
gained from running the Lon- 
don Marathon, the sixth ver- 
sion of which the Prince of 
Wales will start by cannon 
from Greenwich tomorrow 
(0930 faotzrsX is that yon see 
more of the capital in one 
Doting than any tourist — 
indeed any Londoner — is ever 
likely to. 

To the credit of the course 
designers. John Disley and 
Chris Brasher, its meander- 
ing. 26 mSes long, Thames- 
hogging route penetrates the 
spots that other tours do not. 
From Ropemaker Road, Sur- 
rey Docks, to Birdcage Walk, 
& James's, from the Star of 
the East pob in Umehoose to 
the Savoy, from Woolwich to 
Westminster, Poplar to the 
Palace, the canvas is vast. It is 
a de luxe Cook's tonr of 

From before dawn tomor- 

row, more than 20,000 compet- 
itors will be making their way 
to the two starting points: on 
Charlton Way, jnst sooth of 
the Royal Observatory on the 
zero meridian in Greenwich 
Park, and along Shooters Hill 
Road on Blackheath. It will be 
the biggest assembly of run- 
ners for a big city marathon in 


Reminders of 
days past 

Nearly as much adrenalin 
wifi be flowing In the last nail- 
biting hour as water through 
the Thames Barrier np at 
Charlton. The record 42 
Rentaloo caravans cm the 
heath and the 30 similar 
Hooey Waggons in the park 
will, inevitably, prove 

After the wheelchair mara- 
thon (46 entrants) has beat 
despatched at 9.25am, the 
Prince's cannon boom trill 
send off each 10,000-strong 
leg of die main race, the Bines 
being the elite men and women 
and championship contenders, 
the Reds the rest The raptur- 
ous welcomes exchanged when 
both streams meet at Wool- 
wich will rival that given the 
Prodigal Son. 

The easy run down to the 
Catty Sark clipper (6tt miles) 
wfll be reflected in the flatter- 
ing times displayed on Che 
digital docks placed at each 
mile point. 

A' reminder that this is a 
race comes after the right tram 
and climb Dp into a muddy 
Redriff Road in the old Surrey 
Docks. Shipwright Road, Rus- 
sia Dock Road and the Ship 
York pob are reminders of 
days past. 

Fewer are talking by now 
and majestic Tower Bridge, 
grandstand for an excited 
audience, comes as a rdtefr as 
a spar. Unlike previous years, 
the right tan after the Bridge 
is into Royal Mint Street and 
not East Smithfield and the 
News International pickets. 
On to Cable Street half way 
mark (13.1 antes), and mental 
calculations w31 be made, 
some good, some bad. 

Like a good wine, the coarse 
is maturing with time as the 
next four miles into the Isle of ' 
Dogs will reveaL A derelict 
wasteland is befog trans- 
formed into an industrial, 
commercial city, an architect's 
dream befog fed by the Dock- 
lands Light Railway on stilts. 
The Marathon runners will 
see it all. Bat WestFerry Road . 
remains as drab as straight 
and as unwelcoming as ever. 

Life reappears at The High- 

way. Torn left down Garnet 
Road (named before AH) and 
on to tike cobbles of Wappfog 
High Street ami the ware- 
bosses being altered beyond 

to Huger 

The ristaaare hn prov fo g by 
the stride bwt for most runners 
tbefr senses are too dnfied to 
notice. Over.tfce bridge at St 
Katharine V yacht' haven, 
round Tower Hotel, muter the 
bridge this time, more, cobbles 
before the Tower itself and 
the city is at yoar feet. But 
there are still three long holes 
to go. 

Into and oat of the 
Blackfriars underpass, a 
temptation to stop too fang at 
the last watering station at 

Embankment, up Norths 
beriand Avenue, in trianpb 
through Admiralty Arch, the 
pfakoess of the Mall, the4j- 
tom before Buckingham HB- 
aceand the final "charge" 
down Birdcage Walk to West- 
minster Bridge with Big Beu 
as yoarfost timepiece. . 

A medal, a tinfoil blanket, a 
Mars 'ban elation totaL As 
S&mud Johnson so propheti- 
cally pot itr “When a man is 
fired of London, he is tired of 

• Fekmg(AFP) - A27-^caw*l 
Chinese runner set out yesterday 
. on a 3,000km run along the 
length of the Great Wall Yen 
Guangbua, a worker at the 
Hartxo Medical University in 
nocth-castern China, will be (he 
first person to run the lengjhaf 
.fee wall, which has prcvtewfc 
. been covered on foot The 
Journey is expected to take him 
100 days- 7 . 

Io the Cystic Fibrosis Research Trust. Alexandra House. 1 
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