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Labour aims 


order vote 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, the 
shadow Home Secretary, is 
planning a dramatic bid to 
*«jvrest the law and order initia- 
tive from the Conservatives 
and promote Labour as the 
party to beat crime. 

He is preparing, with his 
home affairs team in the 
. Commons, what is being de- 
scribed as a comprehensive 
and major policy speech in 
which he will give details of 
Labour's approach to crime 
and the police, with special 
emphasis on crime preven- 
tion, and covering also drugs, 
hooliganism, prisons, guns 
and Baud. 

At the same time, Mr 
Kaufman is actively seeking to 
improve Labour's relations 
with the police and on May 20 
will address a specially-ar- 
ranged fringe meeting at the 
Police Federation annual con- 
ference in Scarborough, north 
Yorkshire, where he will out- 
line the party’s views and allay 
fears that Labour views them 
as a hostile force. 

His wide-ranging policy 
speech, to be delivered after 
the Police Federation meeting, 
is likely to emphasize that the 
police alone cannot deal with 
crime, and that crime preven- 
tion needs improved relations 
between the community and 

Mr Kaufman has promised 
already that a future Labour 
government would provide 
, specific crime-prevention 
grants for owner-occupiers 




A hippy 

Denim designers 
hark back to 
flower power, but 
with tongue firmly 
in cheek 



America and the 
politics of food 

— S old 

' m There is £40,000 to 
be won in The Times 
portfolio Gold com- 
petition this week - * 
£4,000 each weekday 

and £16,000 next week- 
: end, double the usual 
£8,000 weekly prize as 
there was no winner 
on Saturday. 

• The daily £4,000 
prize was won outright 
: on Saturday by Miss 
k j.Joffiffe, of Llandudno. 
A Gwyneth. 

• • You wiH need the 
new Portfolio Gold card 
' to play the game. If 
you have any difficulty 

in obtaining one from 
your newsagent, send a 
s.a.e. to: 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Tin**, 

PO Box 40, 



„ • Portfolio Gold list, 

f page 26; rules and how 
' to play, information 
service, page 20. 

Oxford’s cup 

.Oxford United beat Queen's 
Park Rangers W> at Wembley 
to win the Milk Cup final. 

Report, page 38 
photograph, page 40 

H««* New 2-7 
Oversew 9-13 


gasiaess 21-» 
Coort . « 

Feannes 14-10 


Lenten * 7 

and tenants. He is likely to 
focus on the need for better- 
designed estates and public 
places to eliminate the 
favourite haunts of muggers 
and drug dealers. 

Other ideas include: a foster 
response to vandalism and 
quicker renovation of derelict 
property, more caretakers, 
park-keepers and public trans- 
port atiendents to act as a 
deterrent against crime, extra 
aid for crime-prevention agen- 
cies and special facilities, in- 
cluding emergency telephone 
numbers, for people to use to 
talk about problems before 
they lead to crime. 

It is being suggested that the 
Home Office could produce 
an annual report listing the 10 
most successful schemes to 
reduce or prevent crime, while 
local authorities and compa- 
nies publish the crime preven- 
tion measures they have 

The emphasis on crime 


l| 4 ; ! 

it it it it it it 


Mr Kaufman, who plans 
law and order initiative. 

prevention is coupled with a 
wish to tackle the lack of jobs, 
poverty and bad housing, 
which are seen as helping 
crime to flourish. 

Mr Kaufman is expected to 
propose that the community 
has more say in the way it is 
policed by means of demo- 
cratically elected police com- 
mittees countrywide and 
community police councils. 

He wants more police on 
the beat, longer police train- 
ing, better firearms training 
and independent investigation 
of all complaints against 

A better deal for police 
officers would include an im- 
proved career structure, a 
better compensation proce- 
dure and free insurance for 
them and their families. 

On prisons and sentencing 
Mr Kaufman is being urged to 
commit Labour to reduce the 
prison population by produc- 
ing alternatives to custody and 
executive release of non-vio- 
lent offenders. 

Minimum standards in 
prisons with better facilities 
for work and education, and 
improved preparation for re- 
lease. are also a likely priority. 

Mr Kaufman’s package 
could include as key items 
tighter gun laws, a nationwide 
campaign against alcohol 
abuse, increased financial 
backing for victim support 
schemes, new laws on racial 
harassment and a tougher 
crackdown on financial fraud. 







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victory for 

By Michael Horsnell 

Toshihiko Seko, the Zen- 
trained Japanese runner who 
describes running as his only 
girl friend, although be has a 
wife who is eight months 
pregnant, thrilled to the loneli- 
ness of the long distance 
runner yesterday when he left 
the rest of the field in the 
London Marathon on the 

Seko. aged 29. whose ap- 
proach to running is a mixture 
of religious discipline and 
pain, romped home in two 
hrs, 10 mins, two secs - fast 
enough to have had the time 
to fly halfway home to 
Yokkaiichi before the strag- 
glers in the record field of 
18,336 starters crossed the 
finishing line four hours be- 
hind him after losing their 
euphoria in the rain. 

Inscrutably he said: “They 
must be feeling very hungry, 
but I am very happy." 

Breaking the grip of four 
consecutive British victories, 
Seko beat Hugh Jones, the 
1982 champion, into second 
place by 1 min 40 secs after 
running the second half of the 
race alone. The first woman 
across the line was the Norwe- 
gian Grete Waitz. aged 32, in a 
personal best of two hrs. 24 
mins, 54 secs. Nine runners 

t ■ *.VT 


v vs 

Toshihiko Seko. after his 
marathon victory 

were taken to hospital during 
the race, all but two after 
collapsing from over-exertion. 

The race was started at 
Blackhcaih by Prince Charles 
who said: “I think people are 
delightfully demented, but it is 
all good fun." 

A question-mark now re- 
mains ov^r the future of this 
increasingly popular event 
which this year attracted 
about 90.000 applications, fol- 
lowing the demise of the 
Greater London Council 
which until now has offered 
County Hall as race 

Sports report, page 40 
Results, page 36 

Ilea exam 
score 30% 
below par 

By Lucy Hodges 
Education Correspondent 

Examination results for sec- 
ondary school pupils in inner 
London are 30 per cent below 
the national average, and 
worse than those for pupils in 
secondary modem schools, 
according to a survey pub- 
lished today. 

These findings, which come 
in a report from the National 
Council for Educational Stan- 
dards, show that O level and 
CSE results for London chil- 
dren are also substantially 
below those for comparable 
comprebensive schools out- 
side London. 

The authors of the survey - 
John Marks, Caroline Cox 
and Maciej Poraian- 
Srzednicki — point out that 
the Inner London Education 
Authority spends 40 per cent 
more on each pupil than most 
other councils, yet pupils of all 
abilities in London do worse 
than similar pupils elsewhere. 
They say the lowest ability 
groups suffer most 
Their report, timed for pub- 
lication just before the Ilea 
elections on May 8, will be 
rejected by the authority on 
methodological grounds. 

The research found big dif- 
ferences between schools. In 
some Ilea comprehensives. 
particularly at the voluntary- 
aided church schools, children 
do as well as anywhere else. 

All exam results are much 
better for pupils at Ilea volun- 
tary schools — about 21 per 
cent better for the brightest 
pupils. 35 per cent better for 
average pupils, and 47 per 
cent better for the least dever 

The survey was given a 
critical reception yesterday. 
Dr John Gray. Reader in 
Education at Sheffield Uni- 
versity, said: 

“The weakness of Cox and 
Marks’ approach is that it does 
not properly compare like 
with like. The latest DES 
report and our own analyses 
use more sophisticated proce- 
dures. They do not confirm 
the claim that the lira is an 
under-performing authority."" 
Universities prejudice, page 3 

The Queen leaving the Royal Chapel in Windsor Great Park yesterday. 

US Fill 

From Robert Fisk 

The Libyans are believed to 
have let the Russians collect 
the remains of the American 
Fill bomber shot down near 
Tripoli during last week’s air 

Colonel Gadaffi, who appar- 
ently gave die Soviet Union 
permission to take the wreck- 
age in a moment of anger after 
tiie bombing, is now said by 
several of his officials to regret 
bitterly his decision as he had 
wanted to put the. plane on 
public display. ' 

Phit of the aircraft — a 
wheel and a section of one 
wing — fell into the village of 
Tajoura, according to officials 
here. Journalists were taken to 
the village only hours after the 
air rani but were toM the 
wreckage bad been taken away 
“by the Air Force". 

A subsequent report by 
Jana, the official news agency, 
claimed its two-man crew had 
been *iuDed by the citizens" 
because the Americans had 
“shot dead Libyan fishermen 
in the Golf of Sirte". In fact, 
the crew are thought to have 
died in the crash. 

In Kuwait, the newspaper Al 
Itihad has reported that the 
American jet fell into the 
Mediterranean and that the 
Soviet and Libyan navies were 
trying to rase it from the sea 
bed. But the Russians are said 
here to have taken the wreck- 
age to the Soviet Union within 
24 hours of the raid, leaving 
Colonel Gadaffi with nothing 
to show to foreign television 

Part of an aero-engine has 
been produced in Tripoli and 
officials are now supporting 
the theory it came from the 
Fill. It actually comes from 

Continued on page 20, col 6 

Howe hints bases 
may be used again 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, Foreign 
Secretary, yesterday declined 
to eliminate the possibility of 
American bases being used 
again for a strike on Libya. 

But with the EEC council of 
foreign ministers meeting in 
Luxembourg today, he insist- 
ed that if Europe could agree 
on a powerful package of 
measures aimed al countering 
ColonaJ Gadaffi 's state-direct- 
ed terrorism the chances of 
President Reagan requesting 
to use the bases a second time 
would be much less likely. 

He also emphasized that it 
was crucial for untjpiying 
problems in the Mi doe East 

Tripoli tour 




to be tackled with fresh 

The sense of frustration at 
the lade of firm action by 
Britain's European allies was 
summed up yesterday by Mr 
George Younger, Secretary of 
State for Defence, who said 
they had been "deplorably 

Mr Neil Kinnock, the La- 
bour leader, claimed yesterday 
the American attack was spe- 
cifically intended to kill Colo- 
nel Gadaffi. 

"I have nothing but con- 
tempt and detestation for 
Gadaffi. like every other per- 
son, but the fact remains it 
was an attempt at 
assassination." Using Fill 
bombers was aclumsy and 
dangerous form of attack, he 

Mr Edward Heath yesterday 
doubted the ability of the 
Government to survive if 
faced with a another request 
from President Reagan to use 
British bases. 

American television inter- 
view, Mr Younger said yester- 
day that President Reagan had 
agreed that any further appli- 
cations for British assistance 
concerning attacks on Libya 
would be treated as a new 
request to be considered on its 
merits (Christopher Thomas 

It is believed that an appar- 
ent plot to attack a United 
States officers’ dub in Ankara 
was planned before Monday's 

• ANKARA: In Turkey, au- 
thorities said on Saturday that 
they thwarted two attempts to 
attack American targets, and 
were questioning four Libyans 
in connection with one at- 
tempt (Reuter reports). 

Gorbachov talks still 
on despite US ‘poison 9 

Potsdam (AP) — Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Kremlin leader, said yesterday 
that he was still prepared to 
meet President Reagan this 
year despite recent American 
actions which were “poison- 
ing the atmosphere.’’ 

Speaking in Potsdam, East 
Germany, Mr Gorbachov said 
he was willing to meet Mr 
Reagan "if the United States 
realizes that it is necessary 
“We are ready for serious 

steps toward peace, but if it 
goes on doing as it is today, 
trying to poison the atmo- 
sphere, this will throw a 
shadow over any future 
meeting,” he said. 

Mr Gorbachov, who spoke 
at the Cecilienhof, a 
country house where the Allies 
met in 1945 to dedde on the 
division of defeated Germany, 
did not say what American 
actions h&d M “poisoned the 
■ atmosphere. 

Safe-house link with bomb 

By Stewart Tendler 
Crime Reporter 

Scotland Yard detectives 
yesterday searched a London 
“safe-house" thought to have 
been used by a group of Arabs 
linked to the plan to blow up 
an El Al flight and Hs 400 
passengers last week. 

The house was searched as 
Nezar Hindawi. a Jordanian, 
aged 35. continued to be 
questioned at Paddington 
Green Police Station about 
the bomb attempt. 

Mr Hindawi was arrested at 
an Earls Court hotel on Friday 
night after the Yard issued his 
description. He is being held 
under the Prevention or Ter- 
rorism Acl 

The bouse in south west 
London was rented and occu- 

pied by two err three Arabs 
who disappeared soon after 
the bomb was discovered last 
Thursday morning at an El Al 
check-in point at Heathrow 

Detectives from the Yard's 
anti-terrorist branch have 
been sifting papers for dues. 

They may get sufficient 
identification from the house, 
in the Fulham or Earls Court 
area, to pass intelligence to 
other European countries. 

The discovery of the house 
and the possible link between 
the men and the time bomb, 
adds to the speculation that 
the bombing was the work of a 
Palestinian group working 
with other terrorist organiza- 
tions in Europe. 

It was discovered in the 

raise bottom of a hold-all 
carried by Miss Anne-Marie 
Doreen Murphy, Mr 
Hindawi's girlfriend, as she 
went aboard the flight to Tel 
Aviv. Miss Murphy more than 
five months pregnant, worked 
as a chambermaid at the 
Hilton Hotel and was held by 

S tlice for more than two days 
r questioning. 

Police said from early in 
their investigation that they 
believed she had been duped 
and she was released on 
Saturday night. 

She is now thought to be 
staying at a secret address 
under the protection of armed 
police. Members of her family, 
who live near Dublin, came to 
London at the weekend. 

Revenge fear, page 2 

Shakespeare wins a Queen’s Award 

By Teresa Poole 

The Royal Shakespeare 
Theatre of Stratford-npon- 
Aron has become the first 
theatre to win a Queen’s 
Award for exports. The 1986 
list, published today, two days 
before Shakespeare'S birthday 
on St George's Day, includes a 
record 141 awards. 

In the period under review 
the company toured the US 
and Europe with Much Ado 
About Nothing, Cyrano de 
Bergerac, and Edward Bond's 
Lear ; as well as attracting a 
large number of overseas visi- 

tors to its British 

The success of luxary Brit- 
ish goods abroad is apparent 
with awards for Asprey, the 
gold and silversmith. Barberry 
raincoats, the House of Hardy 
fishing tackle manufacturer, 
and Jaguar Cars, which takes 
an award for the third 
successive year, as does AMS 
Industries, an audio process- 
ing system maker based at 
Burnley. Lancashire. 

Other export winners in- 
clude a Scottish smoked salm- 
on manufacturer, a pet food 
business which exports to 40 

countries, and two British tea 
companies, Lipton and 

The smallest company in 
the export list is Greenfields 
Exports, nm by (bar farmers 
at Droitwfch, Worcestershire, 
which last year sold 1,400 
pedigree cattle and sheep to 
Portugal Spain and the 

The largest is the British 
subsidiary of IBM, the com- 
puter muhiaarional, which 
inns a Queen’s Award for foe 
first time. 

The weapons and aircraft 
manufacturer, British Aero- 

space, takes a total of four 
awards, three for exports and 
oue for technology in recogni- 
tion of the company’s design 
and development of the Giotto 

Two awards are made for 
drag advances. The Wellcome 
Foundation and the University 
of Strathclyde are jointly 
awarded for the development 
of a muscle relaxant, and 
Beecham Pharmaceuticals for 

H foe 141 awards, 114 were 
for exports and 27 fair technol- 
ogy- Award winners, pages 24 
and 25 

for the 
60 years 

By Abut Hamilton 

Tributes both official and 
unofficial will today mark the 
sixtieth birthday of foe Queen, 
born in foe reign of King 
George V with owy a distant 
prospect of attaining foe 

This morning the Queen 
wifi attend a service of foanks- 
grrins at St George'S Chapel 
m Windsor Castie, along with 
all foe members of the Royal 
Family, and representatives of 
the Government and Common- 
wealth. Afterwards she will 
drive in a carriage procession 
through the streets of Wind- 
sor, returning to the Castle Cor 

a private family ftmeh. 

London traffic will face 
considerable disruption this 
afternoon when The Mall is 
closed between 2A5 wad 5.15 
to enable 6,000 children to 
conduct their own unofficial 
birthday tribute. The children, 
aged between 8 and 13, are 
being brought by bos and train 
from all ever foe United 
Kingdom; 4,000 of them are 
being assembled at Green- 
wich, from where they will be 
brought up the Thames by 

They will walk down The 
MaU, each bearing tranches of 
20 daffodils; foe 120,000 
blooms have been picked from 
die bulb fields of Lincolnshire 
and donated to the unofficial 

A pageant for Her Majesty: In 
a new poem. The Crown of the 
Kingdom, Ted Hughes, Poet 
Laureate, presents three gifts 
to the Queen — and some 
candles for the cake Page 16 

Queen’s Birthday Committee 
by the horticultural industry. 

The chOdren will assemble 
in the forecourt of Bucking- 
ham Palace at 4 pm lo sing a 
specially composed birthday 
song to the Queen watching 
from foe Palace balcony. She 
will then come down to meet 
some of them. Each child will 
he. given a commemorative 
mag and medal 

Proceeds from the sale of 
the birthday song record, per- 
formed by the hand of foe 
Grenadier Guards and pupils 
of St John's College, Cam- 
bridge, are to be donated, at 
foe Queen’s request, to foe 
National Children's Charities 

This evening, the Qneen and 
her entire family will attend a 
gala concert at the Royal 
Opera House, Co vent Gardes, 
entitled “Fanfare for 
Elizabeth". The performance 
is being transmitted live by 
Thames Television. 

Before the performance, the 
Queen and the Duke of Edin- 
burgh will go on a walk-about 
in the Covent Garden piazza, 
where they will be entertained 
fry street theatre groups. 

Talks on 

By Piter Davenport 
and Stewart Tendler 

Detectives investigating the 
murder of Sarah Harper, aged 
10, will attend a conference al 
Scotland Yard today called to 
establish any possible links in 
brutal child- kfliings and ab- 
ductions in the past eight 

Officers from more than 20 
forces will be at the meeting 
called by CIL the criminal 
intelligence department under 
Commander Philip Corbett 
Yesterday senior detectives 
from Nottingham and West 
Yorkshire emphasized that 
the conference had been 
planned before the discovery 
of Sarah's body in the river 
Trent on Saturday. 

Mr Ron Hadfiefd, deputy 
chief constable of Notting- 
ham, did not want to be drawn 
on connections with other 
unsolved child murders so 
early in the inquiry, in case, he 
said, speculation had an ad- 
verse effect on possible 

However. he added: “Unk- 
ing is dearly something we 
have an open mind on." 

The conference will be look- 
ing at the murder of 12 
children and another four 
abductions in which bodies 
were never found. They go 
back eight years involving 
children between the ages of 
five and 16 years. The detec- 
tives will be seeking to estab- 
lish if there are common links 
between any of the cases. 

Yesterday in a radio inter- 
view Commander Corbett 
said: “They are all cases where 
blanks have been drawn. They 
are extremely frustrating be- 
cause of the enormous effort 
that has been expended. 

“Yet we are unable to say 
whether there are positive 
connections to be found- It is 
on Monday that we hope, if 
there are connections to be 
made, that we can in fact 
make them." 

Detectives from West York- 
shire, in charge of the Sarah 
Harper inquiry, win, it is 
uricierstood, be looking partic- 
ularly closely at the abduction 
and murder of Susan Max- 
well, aged 11, in 1982 and 
Caroline Hogg, aged five, a 
year later. 

Both children were 
snatched near their homes and 
their bodies later found hun- 
dreds of miles away close to 
motorways. Susan, token 
while walking near her home 
at Coldstream in the Borders 
was found 15 days later, 200 
miles away at Loxley in 
Staffordshire. Caroline, from 
Edinburgh, was found 10 days 
after she vanished, her body 
dumped near Twycross in 

The nationwide search for 
Sarah turned into a murder 
inquiry 24 days after she 
disappeared from her home in 
Morfey, near Leeds, while 
Continued on page 2, col 4 


Hbur Majesty 





Revenge fear 
for woman in 
bomb drama 

By Richard Ford 

The familj of the Irish peeled their daughter to return 
woman who was detained at to their council house in 
Heathrow airport last week Sallvnoggin Park. Dun Laog- 
carrying a holdall containing haire. Co Dublin, before the 
explosives are living in fear birth of her baby. But they are 
that Arab terrorists will seek afraid that as a potential key 
revenge bv attempting to kid prosecution witness at any 
her. trial of her boy friend, Nezar 

The family of Miss Anne- Hindawi. 3ged 35. she may be 
Marie Murphy, aged 32. a the target for Arab terrorist 
chambermaid,’ who is preg- assassins- 
nant want her to return to Mr Martin Murpny, her 
their home in the Irish Repub- brother-in-law, told friends of 
lie. but Scotland Yard detec- the dilemma faring the family, 
lives have tried to persuade as they want her home but do 
her to remain in protective not want to risk her life. Mrs 
custodv in England to ensure Therese Murphy, her sister-in- 

< rl... Urn “Wo oro afniei fiw 


her safely. 

Miss Murphy, who was 
detained at Hea-hrow on 

law said: “We are afraid for 
her and ourselves. The family 
are very worried and are 

Thursday after she was hand- determined to protect Anne- 
ed a holdall in which a 101b Marie, but you never know 

explosive device was discov- 
ered. was released from Pad- 
dington Green police station 
on Saturday night without 
being charged in connection 
with the plot to blow up an El 
Al jumbo jet 

Three members of her fam- 
ily including her brother Mar- 
tin. flew- to London and saw 
Miss Murphy at the police 
station but on returning to 
Dublin late on Saturday night 
refused to speak to journalists. 

Her mother and father ex- 

MP quits 

Irish deai 

Lord Cranbome. Conserva- 
tive MP for Dorset South, has 
announced he will not be 
fighting the next general elec- 
tion. largely because of the 
Government's “imposition” 
of the Anglo-Irish agreement. 

Lord Cranbome. aged 39, 
heir to the Marquess of Salis- 
bury. said that the Conserva- 
tive Party had abandoned the 
union of Great Britain and 
Northern Ireland. 

In a letter, he said:*T foresee 
the non-Parliamentaiy calls 
on my lime growing consider- 
ably within the next two or 
three years.” 

But the consideration which 
lipped the balance and decid- 
ed him to return to private 
life, was the Government's 
imposition of the Anglo-Irish 
agreement on the people of 
Northern Ireland. 

“1 would find it very diffi- 
cult to stand at the next 
general election as a candidate 
of a party which, in my 
opinion, has. contrary to its 
declared principles, aban- 
doned the Union of Great 
Britain and Northern 

Lord Cranbome entered the 
house of Commons in 1979. 
At the last general election he 
retained the seat for the 
Conservatives with a major- 
ity of 15.098 over the SDP- 
Alliance candidate in a four- 
cornered contest 

what these people might want 
to do.” 

She added that the British 
police had treated .Anne-Marie 
“marvellously” but that she 
was obviously upset at what 
had happened. "We want her 
back in Ireland as she will 
need a lot of help to get over 
this incident which has left 
her shocked and distraught” 

Mrs Murphy said that 
Anne-Marie had been looking 
forward to her wedding but 
had been deeply hurt 

want 25% 
target on 
income tax 

By David Smith 
j Economics Correspondent 

The Institute of Directors 
I yesterday called on the Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer to 
1 formalize his target of a 
25 per cent basic rale of in- 
come tax. by publishing a 
medium-term taxation 

The cut in the basic rate 
should be accompanied by a 
reduction in the top rate of tax 
, to 50 per cent, the institute 
says. This compares with a 
proposed top rate in the 
United States of 35 per cent. 

In a report prepared as 
evidence for the Commons 
treasury and civil service com- 
mittee, the businessmen’s 
group says that last month's 
Budget put die Government 
"back on the path to radical 
reform and to significant re- 
ductions in the overall lax 

The Chancellor should now 
go further and publish a 
medium -term tax strategy 
which would commit the 
Government to reducing tax- 
ation every year and bring 
pressure on ministers to con- 
trol public spending, the insti- 
tute says. 

Any public spending over- 
runs or tax revenue shortfalls 
should be dealt with through 
spending cuts, not the post- 
ponement of tax cuts. 

■ ■hjiyy; 

Yard’s < 

ition, Nc 

shire deputy chief constable, Ron HadfieU (left), Commander Philip Corbett, 
ce department, and Dei Sopt John StatiBthbrpe from West Yorkshire 

Police talks on lost children 

Continued from page 1 
visiting the corner shop to buy 
a loaf of bread. 

Despite intensive inquiries 
police have been unable to 
find anvone who bad seen 
Sarah after she left the shop 
shortly after 8 pra to walk the 
200 vards home. 

The search for her ended at 

However, he said, the idea 
of, for example, one rang 
operating nationwide was “for 
too dramatic and strong”. 

There are known to be 
similarities between some 
cases and these are already 
being investigated by several 
forces working together. 

Mr Corbett is trying to get 

8-30 a mon Satt^ay as Mr •« ** officers in all outstep 

David Moult, of Cribb Close, XSZSSSSSSJSi 
Wilford, near Nottingham, a fresh look at the ^dmceto 

was out walking his dog 
Det Supt John staimhorpe, 
in charge of the inquiry since 
Sarah disappeared, said yes- 

ing cases to come together for 
a fresh look at the evidence to 
see if new inquiries are 

Between 30 and 40 officers 
from 16 forces with the rank of 
bead of CID or assistant chief 

Science report 

Chicken salmonella 
removed by salts 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

terdav she had been sexually ^ SSdfog foe 

assaulted and there was evi- one-day conference, 
dence of violence on her body. J 

The body may have trav- The conference has been 

A new method of removing Immersion chilling, one of 
salmonella bacteria from the processing steps in chick- 
rhkken carcasses has been en meat production, causes 
developed by Australian srien- those fibres, the principal sites 
dsts at the Victoria Depart- of bacterial colonization, to 
ment of Agriculture. expand. 

Salmonella food poisoning But the addition of certain 
occurs frequently when chick- salts to the immersion liquid 
ens are not property refrigerat- creates a further mild charge 
ed or cooked. which interferes with the 

n _ n bonding between the bacteria 

P r 5** i™®* andthe fibres, 

scientific officer at the 

department’s veterinary re- Laboratory tests have 
search institute, has estab- shown that salmonella counts 
tished that the bacteria carry a can be reduced by np to 95 per 
mild negative charge which cent, although more research 
enables them to attach them- is said to be needed before the 
selves to die collagen fibres in method can be used in corn- 
chicken skin. roerrial production. 

Ferry saves Botham may 
trawler crew sue again 

Five Guernsey trawlennen | an Botham’s solicitor, Mr 
were rescued in the English ^ Herd, said yesterday that 
Channel yesterday by the jj^y would discuss later this 
Breizh IzeL a cargo-carrying wee j c fl, e possibility of further 
ferry owned by Brittany rer- action against the News 
ries, which had been m colli- a f \h e World over drugs 
sion with and sunk then ^legations. 

fishing boat 

The crew were taken to Mr Botham is still in the 
Plymouth by the ferry, sailing West Indies after the England 
from Roscoff in Briianny to cricket tour, taking a short 

dence of violence on her body. 

The body may have trav- 
elled a considerable distance 
in the water and police ap- 
pealed to anyone who may 
have witnessed any suspicious 
incident on the River Trent 
where it flows through Not- 
tinghamshire, Staffordshire. 
Cheshire, Leicestershire and 
Derbyshire to contact police. 

Commander Corbett said 
the possibility of one murder- 
er or one group responsible for 
all the cases could not be ruled 

given extra impetus by the 
discovery of Sarah Harper’s 
body and a dual investigation 
by Essex and London police 
•into the death of two boys. 

Mr Corbett said the case 
conference would start with a 
presentation on the investiga- 
tion into the murder of the 
two boys. Jason Swift, aged 
14. and Barry Lewis, aged six. 

Provincial officers would 
then be asked if the cases had 
any similarities to their own or 

prompted any comment. This 
might then -spar more 

The delegates wiD include 
not only detectives but also 
staff of forensic science lab- 
oratories in England and Scot- 
land who have been involved 
on the investigations. 

The c o nfe re nce is consid- 
ered especially valuable be- 
cause at foe moment not all 
incidents are computerized 
and so there is no easy way of 
bringing all information 

Mr Corbett said: “The pur- 
pose is to allow officers with 
outstanding cases to compare 
and contrast details. I hope we 
will come away from the 
meeting with more informa- 
tion than we have today.” 

Among similarities which 
have been identified in some 
cases is the feet that funfairs 
were linked to the disappear- 
ance of children in different 
parts of the country. There 
was also the feet that a number 
of the cases showed that the 
criminal was opportunist rath- 
er than p lanning his attack. In 
some instances children bad 
been taken dose to their 


Sarah Harper, a fink? 

Other cases come from 
Nottinghamshire, Hampsime, 
Preston, Hull, Berkshire and 

Tragic toll of child victims 

Botham may 
sue again 

lan Botham's solicitor, Mr 
Alan Herd, said yesterday that 
they would discuss later this 
week the possibility of further 
legal action aeainst the News 
oj the World over drugs 

The tragic toll of children 
mfcsfa g and murdered contin- 
ues to grow. 

These are just 14 of the 
hundreds of unsolved cases 
that police officers are still 
working on. Detectives now 
believe some of the cases could 
be finked and are pooling 
information in an attempt to 
find the killers: 

Colette Aram, aged 16; dis- 
appeared October 30, 1983; 

Keyworth, Nottinghamshire; 
body found. 

Martin Allen, aged 15; 
November 5, 1979; central Lon- 
don; body not found. 

Marion Grafts, ngedJ4; Joe 
6. 1981; Fleet, Hampshire; body 

Barry Lawk, aged 6; Septem- 
ber 15. 1985; Walworth, south 
London; body found. 

Lynda Mann, aged 15; 
November 21. 1983; 

Narborougk, Leicestershire; 
body found. 

Caroline Hogg, aged 5; Jnly 8. 

1983; PtortobS* Mar Edm- ^^Gddstn^ Borfers; 

cSris^Lai rerack, aged 9; VfahaCMehrotra,aged8; Joly 
larch 9, 1984; Hoik body 1981; Putney, west London; 
and. iody found. 



Laverock, aged 9; 
9, 1984; Hoik body 

7, 1979; body found. 

Jason Swift, aged 14; July 11, 
1983; Hackney, east Leaden; 
body fend. ... 

Gesette Tate, aged Upkagost 
19, 1978; AybsbMie, Devon; 
body not found. " 

Mark TOdestey, aged 7; J» 
1. 1984; Wokingham, Berk- 
shire; body not found. . 

Imran Votes, aged 9; July 1 U 
1983; Preston, Lancashire; body 

Spy case , 
calls for 


Defence Correspondent 

A report arising om of last 
yeartCypnis spy trial calls for 
changes in . foe way in which 
servicemen suspected of com. 
mjrting offences are hand?*; 
by the Armed Forces. 

ft is understood, however, 
that the report, by Mr David 
Cakott, QC clears RAF and 
Array investigators of breach- 
ing foe rules during interroga- 
tions to obtain statements, 
which led to eight servicemen 
being charged under the Oflfc- 
dal Secrets .Act. * 

AH were acquitted after a 
six-month trial, much of ji 
conducted in camera, at the 
Central Criminal Court. 

Mr George Younger, Secre- 
tary of State for Defence, has 
been considering the report 
for neariy two weeks, and it is 
expected to be published 

Mr Calculi is understood to 
recommend that the proce- 
dures by which tire services 
conduct inquiries into possi- 
ble offences should be brought 
more info fine with avil 

During the trial the accused 
men dauxred that the state, 
mans they made were, ob- 
tained as the result of great 
pressure by the investigators. 

Kinnock faces 
Militant fire 
in Swansea 7 

I Supp o rters of Militant Ten- 
dency phut to give-Mr Neil 
Kinnock a rough ride when he 
1 attends the annual conference 
of the Wales Labour Party 
next month (Tim Jones 

The c on feren c e is at Swan- 
i sea, which Militant Tendency 
has targeted to become the 
next Liverpool in their battle 
for unfettered socialism. 

South Wales has become an 
important recruiting ground 
for tbe Tendency, which has at 
least four full-time organizers 
in the area. - 

Amcrng the delegates wit] be 
Mr Chris Peace and Mr Tony 
Wedtake, who are under 
vestigation for their links with 
Militant. . 

BSC chooses ‘hardship’ site 

Sale room 

Plymouth, which 
only slight damage. 


holiday before returning to 
Britain on Thursday. 

The British Steel Corpora- 
tion announced yesterday that 
its proposed £500,000 work- 
shops centre, promised as a 
means of alleviating hardship 
caused by the closure of its 
Gartcosh finishing mill in 
Scotland, is to be built near by 
at Coatbridge in Lanarkshire 
(Our Industrial Correspon- 
dent writes). 

Almost 700 BSC workers 
lost their jobs at Gartcosh and 
at the big Ravenscraig steel- 
works -a move that led to 
fears that BSCs entire steel- 
making operation in Scotland 
was doomed. Now, BSC In- 
dustry, the corporation's job- 
creation subsidiary, has 
chosen the Coatbridge site for 
the workshops after examin- 

ing 34 locations, in north 

The centre will comprise 
small business units, ranging 
from 200 sq ft to 1,000 sq ft 
The Coatbridge centre will be 
the ninth venture by BSC 
Industry, which claims to 
have pioneered the managed 
workshops concept in 1979 
with Clyde Workshops, 

country furniture 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Boom Correspondent 

Unionist rioters attack police 

The temperature 
in Cornwall 
Mtodayis 82 °F 

yv Montego Bay fe in Comwafl. 
Jamaica. And right tow te warmer 
than Cornwall. England 
• for the Jamaica Information RKk. 
! , write ter Jamaica' Tourist Board, 
j[ fj &/ \ 5° SUane&St Lopdon 

SWtA iJT (01-499 1707)1 

Paisley campaign for rates strike 

By Richard Ford 

Fourteen police officers 
were injured yesterday as 
‘'loyalist” rioters rampaged 
through two Northern Ireland 
towns, hurling petrol bombs at 
the Royal Ulster Constabulary 
and smashing windows in 
shops and offices. 

Trouble erupted in 
Portadown, Co Armagh, 
hours after about a thousand 
loyalists marched to protest at 
the use of plastic bullets. An 
RUC officer suffered serious 
iqjuries when he was sur- 
rounded, dragged, kicked and 
beaten by a mob of youths. 

Ten officers were injured in 
the rioting, which ended at 
about 3.30 am after police bad 
made seven arrests, and fired 
28 plastic baton rounds tc 
, disperse crowds. A few miles 

away more police officers were 
injured during street distur- 
bances in Lisburn, Co Antrim. 
Nine people were arrested. 

Early on Saturday police 
detained 26 youths during 
troubles in the Sandy Row 
area of Belfast when petrol 
bombs were thrown at tbe 
police and buses hijacked and 
burnt by loyalist mobs. The 
rioting came in the wake of the 
funeral of the first Protestant 
to die from injuries received 
after being hit by a plastic 

On the political front, 
unionist leaden will this week 
unveil new tactics in their 

unionists wilJ be urged to 
withhold paying rates and 
television licences. 

Mr James Molyneaux, lead- 
er of the Official Unionists, 
and tbe Rev Jan Paisley, 
leader of the Democratic 
Unionists, are expected to 
announce the new tactics at a 
meeting of the Northern Ire- 
land Assembly on Wednesday 
in a display aimed at convinc- 
ing their followers that they 
have a coherent strategy and 
that unionist unity remains 

The differences between the 
two parties were shown at the 
weekend when tbe annual 

campaign against the Anglo- conference of the Democratic 

Irish agreement. 

The increase in loyalist 
protests is likely to include 
civil disobedience in which 

Linionist Party heard hardline 
speeches demanding the use of 
“physical force". The Rev 
William McCrea. the DUP 

MP for Mid Ulster, asked why 
the Prime Minister had not 
bombed Provisional IRA 
headquarters in Dublin. 

“Why has she not sent the 
bombers of tbe British forces 
to bomb installations in Dun- 
dalk, Drogheda, Grossmaglen 
and Carrickmore?.” 

However Mr Paisley insist- 
ed that the unionist aim was a 

constitutional settlement and 
that whatever a few hotheads 
suggested he was not prepared 
to opt for confrontation. 

As Mr Paisley attacked the 
agreement, in Dublin Mr 
Charles Haughey, leader of 
Fianna Fail, was also con- 
demning it 

He attacked the agreement 
as legitimizing partition, but 
said the situation in the north 
was increasingly “ominous". 

Some of the grandest En- Phillips, a London dealer, 
glish country house furniture acquired it for $220,000 
had found its way to New (£146,666). When the 10th 
York for sale on Saturday, but Lord Shaftesbury disposed of 
its latler-day owners were it with Christie’s in 1980 he 
apparently hoping, for profits got only £38,000. 
on resale that the market was A mahogany sofa from the 
not quite prepared to allow famous suite of seat furniture 
them. made for St Giles's House, 

The Christie’s- safe had a possibly by VQe and Cobb, 
group of furniture from St was bought in at $180,000 
Giles’s House in Doiset dating (estimate 5 1 80,000-$ 22Q ,000). 
from its refurbishment fry the A suite of painted furniture 
fourth Earl of Shaftesbury in made about 1770 for Upton 
the mid-eighteenth century. House in Essex (now deimrf- 

Only an extravagant example isbed) suffered a similar irreg- 
of English rococo found a nlar result The Adams-style. 
buyer. It was a gfltwpod ride cream-painted and castle gilt 
table festooned in ropes of? chairs have oval panels set in** 
flowers,, dead game, young, the backs painted with mytho- 
boys and satyr masks, sur- logical scenes in the manner of 
mounted by a slab of mottled -Angelica Kauffman. The first 

grey and purple marble. It is. 
tentatively ascribed to Mathi- 
as Lock, a leading cabinet 
maker of the day. Henry 

four armchairs offered failed 
to find a buyer and were 

BORROW £10,000 TODAY. 




Courts &. Co. announce that their 
Base Rate is reduced from 
11.00% to 10.50% per annum with effect 
from the 21st April, 1986 
until further notice. 

AD faciliimi including nnilml «>nHim«r ovdii agreement*-! 
nrirlr » ntv lircleJ in Giuir. Barf ftaie mil be varied Jtoordinch 

The Deposit Rates on monies subject 
to seven days’ notice of withdrawal 
are as follows:- 

67 5% per annum Gross* 

475% per annum Net (the Gross Equivalent 
of which is 6.69% per annum to 
a basic rate tax payer). 

Rates are subject to variation and 
interest is paid half-yearly in 
June and December. 

"Not nr Jiiunly .iv.iilobk- tv iruimJiuL* who aw U X nr-jdiw? 

440 Strand. London, WC2R GQS 

‘Loyalists’ set for murderous summer 

By Gavin Bell 

The militant “loyalists’* of 
Ulster are emerging from a 
winter of discontent and pre- 
paring for a summer of mur- 
derous political violence. Ask 
anybody to the ShaakiH. 

An evening spent in the 
pa ramil itary offices and social 
clubs of the stronghold of 
Protestant foyalfcm in west 
Belfast can lea re no doubt of 
mounting fury against the 
Anglo Irish agreement. 

Invective is ranning high 
against Mrs Thatcher, who 
signed the November agree- 
ment giving Dublin a consulta- 
tive role in Northern Ireland 
affairs, and Sir John Hennou, 
chief constable of the RUC 
who is accused of ns ing his 
men as a political took 

Of more immediate concern 
is apparent disenchantment 
with local Unionist politicians 
and the prospect of Protestant 
anger and frustration leading 
to widespread violence daring 
Ulster's traditional marching 
season, which gets underway 
with a procession planned by 

tile Apprentice, Boys of Derry 
in Portadown on May 5. 

A portent of things to come 
bit the streets of Belfast and 
Lisburn this weekend when 
g an g s of youths set op barri- 
cades of burning vehicles and 
attacked police with stones, 
petrol bombs and automatic 
weapons. The trouble began 
on Thursday night a few boors 
after the first Protestant vic- 
tim of police plastic ballets 
had been buried. 

Mr John McMichael of the 
Ulster Defence Association, 
the biggest Protestant para- 
military organization, recently 
issued a succinct warning “for 
possibly tbe first time, loyal- 
ists have come fare to face with 
lire possibility of defeat. 

“ We can smell a united 
Ireland and are battling for 

our existence we have all 

the resources at our disposal to 
make and keep Northern Ire- 
land ungovernable without tbe 
consent of the majority.” 

A more explicit view may be 
held behind a shabby black 
door sandwiched between a 
fish shop and a hairdressing 
salon on Shaakiii Road. A 

^asabstaBial cash ii&hL 'D ie boaffistaeffinirt 

sign above proclaims it to be 
the offices of “Newman 
Enterprises” bat a small post- 
er behind a grimy first floor 
window indicates its true iden- 
tity — the west Belfast head- 
quarters of foe UDA. 

Tommy Kittle, a stocky, 
middle-aged man standing for 
a desk adorned with a replica 
of a hman skull was intro- 
duced as one of tbe UDA's top 
‘‘brigadiers” in command of 
between 800 and 1,000 men. 

“People are getting fed np 
with the potftkaans. Tbe 
Unionist campaign of resis- 
tance to die agreement is seen 
as an abject failure. They’ve 
jnst been making fools of 
themselves, they're nothing 
more to offer. They’re throw- 
ing it tbe paramilitary's way,* 4 
he said. 

As silent men grouped 
around him nodded agree- 
ment, Mr Little said violence 
now appeared their only op- 
tion and that many people who 
had always abhorred such 
tactics were now actively en- 
couraging his clandestine 

“The country has to he sees 

to be unstable. Most of us 
agree well be tody to survive 
foe summer without bin trou- 
ble, and it would be fbousb not 
to be prepared for It We're not 
going to be marching any- 
where for anybody to reroute 
ns. I fear a lot of people are 
going to he killed and badly 
injured. I see time ru nn ing 
very short here, maybe six or 
eight weeks.” 

e Maya Str 
and Social Club, a man who 
only allowed himself to be 
called Jacky, declared the only 
way to wreck foe agreement 
was through aril warfare. 
“We weren't even consulted 
about it London doesn't give a 
damn for Unionist politicians 
or the loyalist community. It 
makes yom Uood bofl. Well 
have to come into tbe streets to 
defend oar rights.” 

The paramilitary strategy 
for tbe coming weeks is 31- 
defined, their declared targets 

Bw m ^ warf Spnttg^^ Ag41 Aa»M 
KonttfrkteMt £14400 £!«:<» 

' T Mowfo am p — t toMB ifiua saaro 

muMatoifrOwto- ms &XnS 

ttWot Mpggf auBWrti SgUWto £3108400 

Basic SHBiAwmad .... SMW Sfi.370 

AnmUBoDues ' SiSffl A&.7S4 

Cuffed Bw n w S&8H S7J922 

’RKalRWWM&Kta mn c m ' £I6£02 . SI5£88 ■ 

(mBBronaacrLoBi £14000 £14000 


mqwMyhgtomJh8'llfelB MnB ceopy»«adj«wii|ii»afc 

But the message from tile . 
Shank m fa dear — anger is 
rising and time is r unning out. 
Ulster may be. racked by 
another long, Moody summer. 

■wwrur ■ 



AGE AMOUNT 0? 1HAN PfflfflCFlflAN: 


v.u 'X 




Undergraduates now 
prefer to study 
south of the Trent 

By Lwy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

. The snobbishness of parents 
\ in the South of England, who 
. wanuheir sons and daughtere 
v\lo be educated in Bath or 
Exeter or Bristol, is causing a 
drop in applications to north- 
.* ern universities, according to 
the author of the annual guide 
L- for university entrants. 

The top 10 universities in 
' the popularity stakes, exclud- 
ing Oxford and Cambridge, 
are; Bristol. Durham. Imperial 
• : College, the London School of 
Economics, Bath, St Andrews, 
. Edinburgh, Exeter. Manches- 
ter and York. 

*-. More than 40 per cent of 
applicants come horn the 
. south of England and choose 
to remain there, according to 
Mr Brian Heap, the author of 
^Degree Course Offers 1987. 
ft'The most popular polytech- 
nics are Bristol, Oxford, 

• . Kingston and Portsmouth. 

■ Inis year's guide shows that 
». the most popular university 
. subjects are veterinary sci- 
ence. for which students need 
two grade Bs at A level and 
one grade A; medicine (three 

Bs): law (BBC); English (BBC- 
BCC); and business studies 
(BBC). His book, which has 
become required reading for 
the aspiring under- graduate, 
shows the most popular poly- 
technic subjects to be business 
studies (BC or CDDh engi- 
neering and technology (CD); 
social sciences (CD); law 
(CDD): and medically - allied 
subjects (CD). 

Mr Heap said yesterday that 
northern universities have 
been suffering a decline in 
applicants for two years. 
‘There is a general feeling 
among southern parents that 
any university south of a line 
between the Severn and the 
Wash, must be good, but as 
you go further north they are 
not so good," he said 

This was simply not true, he 
emphasized. According to sur- 
veys conducted by The Times 
Higher Education Supple- 
ment. northern universities 
are. if anything, more highly 
rated by academics for their 
teaching and research than 
southern ones. 

Liverpool University, 
which Mr Heap said was 
outstanding for science and 
technology, was suffering a 
decline in applicants because 
of Derek Hatton. 

Degree Course Offers 1987. pub- 
lished by Careers Consultants 
Limited, 12-14 Hill Rise, Rich- 
mond, Surrey TWiO 6UA, 
£8.95 plus £1.00 postage and 

• Children throughout the 
country are failing to achieve 
the educational standards of 
which they are capable, ‘Mr 
Chris Patten, Minister of State 
for Education and Science, 
said yesterday . 

In an important speech to 
the Secondary Heads Associa- 
tion meeting in Oxford he 
accused the education service 
of talking down to parents. 
This was one reason for 
people's concern about educa- 
tional standards, he said 

“There is no question that 
standards now need to be 
raised", he declared “Such an 

The pill replaced 
by sterilization 

By Nicholas T immins, Social Services Correspondent 

for hom< 
new towi 

Plea for child abuse Bill 

Theory of 1 

By Philip Webster, Political Reporter 

t.y Vasectomy and female ster- 
ilization has replaced the piD 
as the method of choice of 
; * contraception by women who 
*•' are married or cohabiting, the 
' British Medical Journal 
* reports. 

\ Worldwide, one in three 
couples using contraception 
chose male or female steriliza- 
tion in 1980. a five-fold rise 
over 1970. In Britain by 1983, 
24 per cent of married women 
relied on their own or their 
. partners' sterilization, against 
. ’ just 4 per cent 13 years earlier. 

Predictions made a decade 
; ago that one in three of 
married couples will be steril- 
;• ized before the age of 35 are 
•• likely to become a reality, 
l according to Miss Kaye 
r. Wellings. research officer with 
the Family Planning Informa- 
tion Service. 

About 180,000 vasectomies 
‘ and sterilizations were carried 
; out in 1983 with the figures 
• ; likely to have risen since then 
’after a “piD scare" in the 
'■ autumn of that year, she says. 

While figures for male and 
female sterilization are rising, 
vasectomy is gaining populari- 
- ty more quickly. 

“Despite the feet that vasec- 
tomy is a safer, simpler and 
less costly operation, steriliza- 
tion has in the past been more 
popular," she says. In 1970 
seven women were sterilized 
for every three men who had a 
. vasectomy. But fay 1983 the 
4V numbers undergoing the two 
procedures were roughly 

Cost of car 
hire ‘may 
rise 10%’ 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

Britain's car renters, hit by 
. cost problems and the threat of 
. a big drop in American tour- 
. ists this summer, are forecast- 
ing a big rise in rental charges. 
Rates have been virtually stat- 
ic ■ k for about 18 months but 
„ could rise by 10 per cent or 
• . more. 

Cancellations by Americans 

* are starting to come through 
and appear to be linked with 

■ . worries over terrorist attacks. 

Mr Max McHardy, Euro- 
. pean vice- president for mar- 
and sales at Bndaet, the 
world's third largest car rental 
company, said it looked like it 
was going to be a bad time for 
Europe, including Britain with 
a do wntu rn of as much as a 

Car renters likely to be most 
affected are those accounting 
for much of the airp orts 
k , business or with strong US 

«■ links. _ - ... 

The phasing out of capital 
allowances is now also biting. 

The change of the car registra- 
tion year start from August to 
October is expected to hit 
renters' second-hand car val- 
ues. Many change fleets in the ; 
autumn bat October will now 
see ip*"? more used cars I 
coming on the market. ! 

Renters could face deprecia- 

* tion on cars just under a year 
old of about 35 per cent 

fc £50,000 watch 
theft in street 

Police yesterday appealed 
for information to help them 
trace one of the most expen- 
sive watches in Britain, a 
man's diamond-siuddcd 
Rolex Oyster. worth £5U,uw. 

It was missing after two 
people were robbed in the 
stirct in Hyson Gram, Not- 
tingham, and police described 
^ . it as a very unusual watch. 

Pit overtime 

The 8.500 miners at North 
Derbyshire colliery .are sus- 
pending thei r overtime ban 
&>m today so that talks can 
take place with the coal board. 

“If it is the young middle 
classes who spearhead social 
trends then the shift towards 
vasectomy might become 
even more obvious. Once 
described as the ‘blue collar 
operation', vasectomy has 
been steadily gaining favour 
among middle class men of all 
ages, but those in their 20s are 
now four times as likely as 
their partners to have been 

Concern has been mounting 
about the apparently rising 
tide of childless women in 
their 20s who could obtain 
sterilization, but the evidence 
for that happening is not 
strong, the article says. 

The Genera] Household . 
Survey of 1983 showed fewer 
than 1 per cent of childless 
men and women in their 20s 
had been sterilized and in 
] 983 only 3 per cent of couples 
of any age with no children 
had elected to be sterilized. 

New and potentially revers- 
ible methods of sterilization 
are being developed which 
could remove the main draw- 
back of that method of family 

Miss Wellings says there 
seems no real grounds for 
alarm over the ability of 
existing counselling services 
to cope as the proportion of 
sterilizations is falling among 
those most at risk of regretting 
the decision; younger candi- 
dates and those who are 
sterilized at times of emotion- 
al trauma such as abortion or 

sex link 
to allergy 

Sex and exercise were 
among the enormous range of 
things people could be allergic 
to, according to a book pub- 
lished today by • the 
Consumers' Association 
(Nicholas Timmins writes). 

Statistics on what propor- 
tion of people suffer from 
allergy were unreliable, Mary 
Steel in Understanding Aller- 
gies. says. However, under- 
standing allergies was 
expected to improve is the 
next 10 years. 

General practitioners often 
failed to appreciate the impor- 
tance of allergy as a possible 
cause of symptoms, she says. 

Date of birth may have some 
effect In the UK birth between 
May and October is associat- 
ed with boose-dust mite aller- 

Perfumes, preservatives in 
shampoos, diet and pets could 
all produce allergic reactions. 
Some women have been found 
to be allergic to their partner's 
sperm and exercise has been 
found both to help asthmatics 
ami to trigger attacks in 
susceptible individuals. 

Mary Steel highlights the 
growing nmnbers of people 

turning to complementary 
rather than orthodox medicine 
in search of relief But anyone 
considering alternative thera- 
py should check that the 
practitioner belongs to a rec- 
ognized association. 
Understanding Allergies 
(Consumers' Association with 
Hodder and Stoughton, 

Austin’s luxury car a 
glimpse of the future 

By Gifford Webb, Motoring Correspondent 

Austin Rover is trying for 
the limelight at the Turin 
Motor Show this week with 
the unveiling today of a 
luxurious coupe of the future. 

The Rover Coupe Concept 
Vehicle (CCV) will not go into 
production in its present form. 
Unlike some rival “concept" 
models prepared expressly for 
motor shows the design ap- 
pears to be practical, and 
indicates the company's 
thinking on a coupe to follow 
the Rover 800 saloon, which 
will be launched in a few 

The construction of the 
body shell is conventional 
steel except for the roof panel. 
This is made from extremely 
slippery, ceramic-coated poly- 
carbonate mounted on a steel 
frame. The result is a remark- 
able aerodynamic car with a 
drag coefficient of 0.27. belter 

Two saved from blast 
at council flat block 

Two men who were trapped 
when an explosion tore apart a 
block of council flats were 
described as satisfactory in 
hospital yesterday. 

Mr Lyndon Thomas and 
Mr Thomas Williams, both jn 
their 40s. were buried in 
debris after an explosion at the 
council block in Hendre Farm 
Drive. Ringland. Newport, 
Gwent, on Saturday night 

One wing of the four-storey 
building of 24 flats crashed to 
the ground after the 
blasLOthers in the council 
block, which had been recent- 
ly refurbished for single ten- 

Mr Norman Fowler, Secre- 
tary of Stale for Social Ser- 
vices, is being urged to 
overrule departmental opposi- 
tion to a Conservative MFs 
Bill designed to improve the 
protection of children in care. 

The Department of Health 
and Social Security and Mr 
Ray Whitney, who is Under- 
secretary of State for Health, 
is resisting Mr Dennis 
Walters's Bu, which would 
involve magistrates in deri- 
sions about whether children 
who have been victims of 
serious abuse should be al- 
lowed to go back to their 

Although the Bill has re- 
ceived a second reading and 
passed its committee stage, 
Mr Walters, MP for Westbury, 
has been told that the DHSS 
does not want it to become 
law. They do not want the 
derisions in such cases to be 
taken away from social work- 

ers, arguing that the whole 
procedure would be slowed 
down. Without government 
support the Bill cannot 

Last week, Mr Walters and 
other sponsors of the measure, 
Mr Roger Sims. MP for 
Chislehurst, and Mrs Virginia 
Bottom ley, MP for Surrey 
South West, saw Mr Fowler in 
a last-ditch attempt to save the 

They pointed out how they 
had already compromised on 
the court recommendation, 
making it applicable only to 
children who had been vic- 
tims of cruelty, abuse and 
moral neglect, and only to 
those cases where the magis- 
trate making the original care 
order stated specifically that 
the case shoukl be referred 
back before the child could be 
returned home. 

The MPs came away from 
the meeting in more optimis- 

tic mood because they foil that 
Mr Fowler had appreciated 
the political difficulties for the 
Government in opposing such 
a Bill. It was prompted by tbe 
Jasmine Beckford death and 
the MPs have argued that the 
Government will face criti- 
cism if similar cases occur in 

Mr Walters also made a 
renewed plea for support to 
Lord H aflsham of St Maryle- 
bone. Lord Chancellor, last 
week. He is not opposing the 
involvement of courts but he 
has made clear to Mr Walters 
that his own department does 
not have the money, £1 mil- 
lion, to pay for the Bill's 

Mr Walters said last night 
that legislation on family 
courts was a long way off and 
the Government had given no 
commitment as to when its 
own legislation on child care 
matters would be introduced. 

Mrs Luanda Green, who 
had a fall at tbe Stockholm 
fence and another at the 
Lake, with her mount, 
Shannagh, at Badminton at 
the weekend. She climbed 
back to finish the course, bat 
her husband's horse. Walk- 
about, dropped dead. Report, 
P»ge 40 

Duke defends gun sport Plan for motel 

than any existing production 

The V6 Honda 2.5 litre 
engine, suspension and chas- 
sis are derived directly from ; 
the Rover 800 

An attempt has been made 
to retain traditional British 
qualities with lavish use of 
soft hide upholstery and wal- 
nut trim. The centre console is 
an entertainmem-cum-com- 
munica lions centre, bousing a 
radio, compact disc player and 
a “hands off" cellular tele- 
phone. Rear seat passengers 
have their own video screen. 

CCV is the second concept 
model shown by Austin Rover 
in the past seven months. It 
made headline news at the 
Frankfurt Motor Show last 
September with the highly 
acclaimed MG EX-E sports 

ants, were out for tbe evening 
when Lhe explosion occurred. 

Yesterday tenants relumed 
to salvage what they could of 
their possessions as council 
and gas board officials began 
to investigate. 

Mr William Wilson, aged 
43. whose ground floor flat 
was buried in rubble, said: “I 
still have not stopped shaking. 
I am lucky to be alive. I went 
out for a drink just 10 minutes 
before the explosion. 

“I could not believe it when 
I relumed. I would have had 
no chance if I had been- at 

The Duke of Edinburgh 
yesterday said be saw no 
contradiction between his role 
as President of the World 
Wildlife Fund International 
and his sport of shooting. 

Speaking on the BBC radio 
4 It's Your World phone-in 
pr o gra mme. Prince Philip de- 
fended bis love of game 
shooting. “I have not pot any 
species m danger of extinction 
and most of my shooting has 
been for the pot,” he said. 

The Prince was replying to a 

Archer in 
rights deal 

Mr Jeffrey Archer, the best- 
selling novelist and deputy 
chairman of the Conservative . 
Party, has sold tbe film rights 
ol his latest thriller, A Matter 
of Honour, to tbe film maker 
Stephen Spielberg. 

Mr Spielberg, who directed 
ET. is expected to announce 
tbe dad, which could be worth 
close to $1 million, from his 
Los Angeles office today. 

The book, which is the story 
of a young man left an 
unopened letter of 40 years 
earlier in his father’s will, was 
completed before Mr Archer 
took up his Conservative Par- 
ty post. It will be published at. 
the end of June. 

Exciting end 
to regional 

By John Grant 
Crossword Editor 

The Birmingham Regional 
Final of the Collins 
Dictionaries/ 77'mes Cross- 
word Championship at the 
Grand Hotel yesterday had a 
nail-biting finish. Dr Peter 
Mayo, who is 42. and lectures 
in Russian and Slavonic Stud- 
ies at Sheffield University, 
tied with Mr D E Morris, who 
is 57 and a meteorological 
officer from Bury St Ed- 
munds. Both have completed 
the four puzzles in an average 
of 12 minutes each. 

In a fifth tie-breaker puzzle, 
Morris finished first, in 12 
minutes, but was found to 
have an incorrect answer. 
Mayo took another four min- 
utes, had an all-correct solu- 
tion, and was, therefore, the 

In third place was Wilfrid 
Miron, a retired solicitor from 
Halam. Nottinghamshire, 
who is 73. Like Dr Mayo he 
has been a frequent national 
finalist He took an average of 
14 minutes per puzzle. All 
three go forward to the nation- 
al finals in London in 

Mr David Meadows, an 
information scientist from 
Albaston, Derby, and Mr S 
Sh illingworth, a corporate 
planner from Wolverhamp- 
ton, came equal fourth. 

question from Mr John - 
Liiford, from Heathrow, west 
London, who asked him: “Do 
you consider yourself as a 
suitable candidate for the 
World Wildlife Fund when 
you are a killer of animals?" 

Prince Philip explained that 
all the animals he had shot 
belonged to plentiful species. 
Even tbe tiger be killed 40 
years ago was in a restricted 
area, overpopulated by tigers. 
“We have to maintain a 
balance in nature. In parts of 

Scotland red deer have to be 
culled so that others can 
survive," he said. 

Calls came from all parts of 
the world expressing concent 
about the future of the world's 

“If the world population 
continues to expand at the 
current rate there is absolutely 
no hope that wildlife will be 
able to survive - except per- 
haps for a few fleas," he 

at racecourse 

Plans to build a 22-room 
motel at Lingfield Park race- 
course, Surrey, which have 
been approved by Tandridge 
District Council, the local 
planning authority, have been 
criticized as a Green Belt 

Tbe course owners say it is 
needed to meet a demand for 
overnight accommodation for 
people attending race meet- 



London and the South-east 
need substantially more 
houses than are planned in tbe 
next 15 years, the inquiry into 
the proposed Tiliingham Hail 
country town development, in 
Essex, is to be told this week. 

In tbe sixth week of the 
inquiry, the argument will 
centre on whether there was 
need for a scheme on the scale 
of Tiliingham Hall, planned 
by Consortium Developments 
to contain some 5,000 homes. 

Consortium Developments, 
a group of the largest building 
companies, has earmarked 
sites for five new towns in the 

Government policy to 
main tain the Green Belt and 
provide land for housebuild- 
ing. conflict in the inquiry. 
Consortium Developments is 
annealing against the rejection 

of the scheme by Essex Coun- 
ty Council and Thurrock local 

The proposal's consultants, 
Conran Roche, headed by Sir 
Terence Conran, claimed that 
the minimum estimate of 
housing requirements for the 
South-east between 1981 and 
2001 was well in excess of 
those recognized by the Great- 
er London Council and other 
planning authorities. 

Mr Lee Shostak, of Conran 
Roche, believed that tbe mini- 
mum increase in the region's 
ho using stock requirements 

.-. 4 H i Mi 

760.000 homes, compared 
with 638,000 estimated by 
South-east Regional Planning 
Conference, leaving a shortfall 
of at least 122,000 homes. 

Mr Shostak, who is due to 
give evidence to the inquiry 
tomorrow, argues that mere 
would be housing shortages in 
north-east London by 1991. 

New country towns such as 
Tiliingham Hall would help 
ease local requirements ana 
create opportunities for mi- 
gration m areas of restraint 
within the South-east, he 

In his evidence, Mr Shostak 
will list “exceptional" factors 
justifying a search for addi- 
tional housing land in south 
Essex, including curbs on 
development and a likely 
migration which will leave 
south and west Essex with 
10,000 fewer households by 
the end of lhe decade. 

If the private sector is to 
play the leading role, in in- 
creasing housing land, it could 
do so rally in locations where 
development risks were ac- 
ceptable. The inquiry is ex- 
pected to be completed by 
May 9. 


Please send me tbe 

I TO DepL erf Transport Pitotknty Store. BuiWingNo. 3. I 
1 Victoria RcL, South Ruislip. Middx, HA4 ONZ. ■ 

For years there's been talk of a 
Channel TunneL Last week, a Bill was in- 
troduced into Parliament which,if passed, 
will turn that talk into reality. 

But before the Channel Tunnel Bill 
becomes law, there will be opportunities 
for those directly affected locally, to have 
their voices heard. 

By one or both all-party Select Com- 

mittees set up in Parliament to consider 
the BilL 

The Department of Transport has 
issued a free leaflet, explaining in detail 
how it's possible far people, directly 
affected by the scheme to have their views 
anritheirinierests considered. 

You can get your cojyby coirgtieting 
the coupon above. 

Department of transport 


What roadworks? What 

What brick? What branch? 
What pole? What plank? 

Things you shudder to think 
about are comfortably absorbed 

by the remarkable suspension 
of the Citroen BX. 

What subsidence? What 
uneven road surface? 

Cobbled streets, corrugated 
farm tracks, even newly laid 
stretches of motorway. The BX 
takes them all in its stride. 

What load? What luggage? 

The suspension adjusts itself 
automatically to different loads. 
So the car handles exactly the 
same whether you’re on your 
own or off on the family holiday. 

$ What wind? 

■ Because the suspension is 
jt, self- levelling, it holds the BX 
at the correct and constant aero- 
dynamic angle, whatever the 
load. What we achieved in the 
wind tunnel, you’ll achieve in 
the wind. 

What sleeping policeman? 

Sorry officer; didn’t notice 
you there. 

What boulder? 

The self-levelling suspenr 
sion system is braced by rigid 
MacPherson struts to give you 
tighter, tauter roadholding. 
Front-wheel drive (of course) 
and front and rear anti-roll bars 
(naturally) help you steer clear 
of the otherwise unavoidable. 

What dog? What tricycle? 

The disc brakes are power- 
operated, so you stop that bit 
shorter in an emergency. 

What landmine? 

Come now, even the BX has 
its limitations. 

There are twelve hatchbacks 
and three estates, with petrol or 
diesel engines, and the range 
starts at only .£5,675. 

To test-drive one, dial 100 

What’s keeping you? 


. ‘ 




BX RANGE INCLUDES BX14 LEADER £5675. BX 16RS £6894. BX 16TRS £7714. BX 16TRS AUTOMATIC 18322. BX 1 7RD IDIESEU £ 6653. BX 19RD (DIESEL) £71)6. BX 19DTR (DIESEL) £7956. BX 19GT £8184 (ILLUS). ESTATES; BX 16RS £7434. BX 19TRS £8635. BX I9RD (DIESEL) £7972- 

■ p By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The Law Society may seek Under the solicitor st 
changes to the 24-hour duty no provision was mac 

solicitor scheme for suspects friends and relatives to get in 
in police stations on the basis touch with the duty solicitor. 

of research starting today. 

The society is concerned to 
monitor what it considers to 
be two defects of the solicitor 
scheme which started on Jan- 
uary 1 and may use the 
findings in discussions with 
the Government on possible 

Research is to be collated on 
the demand for access to the 
duty solicitor by friends and 
relatives of a suspect; and also 
on the £50 limit on legal 
jfclvice available for the less 
serious offences under the 

During the next four 
months research will be con- 
ducted in Birmingham . and 
Southampton whore wider, 
voluntary duty solicitor 
schemes are operated by solic- 
itors than that brought in by 
the Government on a national 
basis at the start of the year. 

Under those schemes, 
friends and relatives are able 
to make contact with the duty 

who is available only to the 
suspect. - 

A separate research project 
will look at how solicitors are 
dealing with the £50 limit 
which effectively restricts to 
two hours or less the amount 
of advice a solicitor can give in 
the case of less serious of- 
fences and where suspects are 
helping police voluntarily. 

The Law Society is also 
issuing guidance to solicitors 
after requests from the Home 
Office which will make clear it 
is for a solicitor and not the 
police to decide whether it is 
proper to act for more than 
one suspect held at a station 
on the same matter. 

That comes after several 
complaints from solicitors 
that police are preventing 
them from seeing suspects on 
the ground that they are 
already acting for others in the 
same investigation. 

Police are also concerned 

• v '= 

solicitor themselves on behalf about how to interpret the new 
of suspects and solicitors wfll rules under which suspects 

assess the 

extent of this 

have a right to legal advice in 
all but timited ci r cumstances. 

How a 19th century shipping scene was faked: picture A contributed die Macao skyline (U buoy (2) and small boat (3). while .picture B j jrwMdl jie large sailing ship 
Put together by Mr Robert Moore, the whole sold in 1984 for £18.900 as the work of an obscure American waiercoiounst- 

Prison hospital is 
used as offices 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

The Prison Officers’ Associ- Scrubs including work on the 
tiion yesterday criticized the hospital and kitchen. Work 
4ome Office over a new was started but there were 
■750,000-hospital and operat- various objections, 
ng theatre at Wormwood The Prison Department de- 
icrubs, west London, being cided to opt for a second plan. 

The Prison Officers’ Associ- 
ation yesterday criticized the 
Home Office over a new 
£750,000-hospital and operat- 
ing theatre at Wormwood 
Scrubs, west London, being 
used as offices. 

In the attack, Mr Graham 
Vaughan, of the association's 
national executive and pay 
negotiation team, also said 
$hat $1.8 million had been 
spent on new kitchens which 
were to be pulled down to 
make way for prison 
extensions. - 
The Home Office agreed 
that some of the hospital was 
being used as offices, .. ; 

It said there had bego a pian j 
to refurbish . -Wort^vood 

The pitting down of new 
kitchens to make way for 
prison extensions was part of 
the second plan. 

• Prisoners, charged with seri- 
ous offences against prison 
discipline should have a right 
to legal representation, the 
Prison Reform Trust says 
today in a memorandum to 
Mr. Douglas Hurd, Home 
Secretary; .It comes after a 
report from the' Committee on 
Prison Disciplinary ’System 
<ihe Prior Committee)*-. 

By Genuine Norman 
Sate Room Correspondent 

Picture takers come in all 
shapes and sizes, and the 
latest to have Iris red of 
anonymity ripped away is Mr 
Robert Moore, of Bristol a 
cheerful 41-year-old who 
paints nineteenth-century 
shipping scenes for a living. 

A view of shipping off 
Macao which he put together 
by combining a boat scene by 
Joseph Walter (17834856) 
with a view of foe Macao coast 
attributed to William Daniefl 
(1769-1837) and the signature 
of John Wilfiam Hill (1812- 
1879), an obscure American 
mteredmaiat, was auctioned 
as a genuine HilL 
It was sold by Aldridge’s, of 
Bath, in 1984 for £K^00.“We 
had no doubts about it We 
even sent a photograph to the 
Peabody Museum In 
America,” a spokesman for 
the auction room said. 

The .auctioneers bad been 

estimating about £3,000 before 
the sale, bot Mr Rod Hey 
Oraell, who runs die Omeil 
Gallery, Duke Street in 
London's St James's, and who 
spe cializes in marine paint- 
ings, thought he was on to an 
American rarity when he made 
the final bid. 

He took the painting back to 
London and sent it to be 
relined. “My refiner pointed 
out that it wasn’t period, so I 
took it to my solid tor,” Mr 
Omeil said. The solicitor ad- 
vised getting in touch with the 

Mr Omeil pointed out that 
he does not know Hill's work 
well. Had tbe picture been 
genuine, this would probably 
have been the first time an 
example had turned up in an 
F.nglkh sale. Mr Omeil has 
claimed his money back from 
Aldridge's, but solicitors rep- 
resemfng tbe- two firms -are 
still arguing. 

Mr Moore and the West 

Country dealer who pm the 
picture into tbe auction have 
recently been questioned by 
police investigating the man- 
ner in which this and other 
pastiches by Mr Moore have 
been marketed. Mr Moore 
admits to having painted nn- 
merous pastiefaes, bat says he 
has always openly sold them 
as such. 

“I used to drink a bottle of 
vodka a day from Friday 
through Sunday,” Mr Moore 
said.” And Td sell anything to 
tbe dealers who came bad; to 
my place. But I don't remem- 
ber too well what 1 sold to 

Mr Moore paints marine 
pictures in nineteenth-century 
style which he signs with his 
own name and sells through 
the David Cross Gallery in 
Bristol and various others in 
Britain and America. He ex- 
hibits regularly with the Royal 
Society of Marine Artists. 

His wateicotoars start at 

about £120 and his oiis go up 
to about £800. He also paints 
pastiches like the so-called 
Hill which be sells to anyone 
who wants one. 

He will nse a toned varnish, 
generally from an ordinary 
spray can, to darken a picture. 
To obtain craquelure, - a 
network of fine cracks in 
varnish characteristic of an old 
painting - he warms glue size 
in water and paints it on. 
-When it's dry , I play a hair 
dryer on it and it cracks. 
That's the normal way of 1 
doing it, 1 think.” 

He does not use old signa- 
tures very often. “I don't 
remember doing the HiD sig- 
nature - but I probably did. If a 
painting needs a signature, 1 
generally make it up or pot 
initials,” he added.” 

•Tfe very prolific,” he said. 
"If I'm going on holiday or 
something and need some 
money, I just do a bundle j»f 
watercolours and sell them.” 

Sales of garden 
seeds booming 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

The cold, wet spring has 
failed to dampen the British 
enthusiasm for gardening and 
sales of seeds of every kind are 

April is the peak buying 
period and the United King- 
dom Agricultural Supply 
Trade Association, which rep- 
resents the main suppliers, is 
confident that this year’s sales 
wifi set another record. 

Last year gardening devo- 
tees bought more than 84 
million packets of seeds, 
worth some £34,600,000, an 
increase of about 9 per cent on 
1984. Sales were divided be- 
tween flowers (40,600.000 
packets) and vegetables (44 

million packets): of the latter 
some eight million were peas 
and beans. 

The market leaders are Sut- 
tons. who last year took over 
the Horticultural and Botani- 
cal Association containing 
such familiar names as Carters 
and Cuthberts. Other large 
suppliers are Charles Sharp 
and HursL Gunson, Cooper. 
Taber (both now pari of ihe 
Bookers group); Sinclair Hor- 
ticultural and Leisure; Kings; 
W. W. Johnson and Fisons. 
who entered the market by 
acquiring Bees and Webb. 

Much of the growth is 
attributed to the boom in 
garden centres 

' - ■ 

X. ■ 

:d T. 

^ \W ffi 


Return To Treasure Island 

The Canterville Ghost 

Jenny s War 

Robin of Sherwood 

We are proud to fly the flag 

for Britain! 

HTV Ltd are privileged to gain 

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The Master of Bailantrae 

Displaced Person 


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' >* 

Man and Superman 

Separate Tables 

Jamaica Inn Mr. Halpem and Mr. Johnson 


i-*ww** : 

THE TIMES MONDAY APRIL 21 1986 a a - i 

Money and the National Trust: 1 

for small 

By Richard Evans 
Lobby Reporter 

A pilot scheme to simpJjjV 
the quagmire of employment 
and health and safety legisla- 
tion facing small businessmen 

will be launched by the Gov- 
ernment this week. 

h is the latest mow by Mr 
David Trippier. minister with 
responsibility for small firms, 
to cut red tape and to encour- 
age employers to take on more 

The North-west 'and 
Thames Valley are the areas 
where information packs will 
be sent to local enterprise 
agencies. Thev wilt contain a 
leaflet on health and safety 
and a noliccboard kit lor 
companies setting out in sim- 
ple form the legal obligations 

of employers and responsibil- 
ities of employees, and a 
sample employment form. 

Mr Trippicr's initiative 
came after he discovered the 
vast number of leaflets, some 
of them practically unintelligi- 
ble. which have been sent to 
companies by Whitehall. 

~Tbc reason we are doing 
this, apart from trying to help 
the small businessman, is that 
wc believe he is unlikely to 
increase his workforce because 
he has a perception, rightly or 
wrongly, that he is constrained 
from doing so by government 
bureaucracv." the minister 
s 3 id. V.. Trippier is having 
talks with the Health and 
Safctv Executive in an aticmpt 
to reduce the "0 leaflets which 
are sent to employers. 





ral hoped 

lire uJu be 

25 uelcpr 

an- p to a 

3 - e’.ec- 

Is for 

is. Mr 



Woman who fights tradition for efficiency 

™ , , . Jennifer said. "Local authori- 

Correspendent. explains tics no longer the p ian- 
\f three articles why the ning regulations." 

:e landowner in Britain The acquisition of 
king for more monev. Ked lesion Hall, the master- 
— piece of Robert Adam and one 
have been privatized. "North- of the outstanding historic 
Water owns 150.000 homes of Europe, has masked 
Mr David Beeion. the trust's growing concern 
secretary of the trust. said, about the future of landscapes 

“There is square mile on as distinct from houses. 

Forestry Commission: The square mile of water authority Dame Jennifer said the trust 
*■ ■ ■ " ’ > land in central Wales." preferred families 10 keep 

Manning fears; Local councils their homes and that it was 

the commission has suddenly arc turning to the trust as a easier for them to do so than 

safe haven for their land in the recent past. She made n 
because they fear that if they clear that acceptanceo or 

ir% *0 block development on it Kedleston Hall, home of the 

feels obliged the Government will overrule descendants of Lord Curzon. 

them. Trust land is protected who was one of the most 
against developmem. Labour- famous viceroys of India. 
Water authorities: Dame Jen- controlled South Shields Dis- would not have been possible 
nifer wants assurances from triet Council is preparing to without a grant 01 £13 minion 
ministers that the wide open give land 10 the trust with the from the National Heritage 

“Not everything can be A . 
done over lea," Dame Jenni- ■* 
fer Jenkins told members of U P 
the National Trust in her first trying it 
speech as their chairman, through 
When the National Trust took 
over the property and trea- 
sures of some of the greatest 
families in Britain, it acquired 
some of their traditions as 

It is three years since an 
internal inquiry team found 
the trust sometimes guilty of 
being “autocratic and 

patronizing" towards visitors do nol Aink so. 

10 its properties. 

It has sim* tried hard to be . 

more friendly, and has con- The new leaders of the trust 
eluded that it is futile to look recognize that a chmless won- 
down. its nose at customers 
while expecting them to pay 
for the privilege. For many 
years the trust has continued 
to grow and enhance its 
international reputation as a 
guardian of the cultural beri- 

Owen signs docks protest 

By Charles Knevitt sian from the London Dock- meat Group wants die tear 
Ardutectore Correspondent lands Development abandon its plans and dew 

^ , Corporation to fill in half the its own scheme as a natu 

Dr David Owes, leader ■of do _j. ^ eatiance to the showpiece of urban regen 
the Soda] Democratic Party, F ^ mnai system, and tion. More than 50 sign 
» among the first readeotsol g^liognoo square feet of lies, including politicians 
the Lnaeboese area or east „nH 400 expensive church leaders, are fo 

London to sign a petition h . ;3ses _ asked to pot their names to 

gSgt&J* 0 * After a 45-day public inqui- petition. 

British Waterways Board for a ^ { ngpectnr 

£70 million redevelopment ^ refasal. hot this The board says it is leg 

scheme m the area. was overturned by Mr Patrick committed to the scheme 

The board wfc ich owns a 22- Jenkin, the n Secreta ry of 
acre rite at Ximebonse basin. State for the Environment. hopes b iding will start 
has outfine planning peraris- The Limehonse Develop- f 6 ” 1 

along with consideration of Raich said that it was difficult 
how the Roman Catholic to stop a restricted form of 

Church will handle its opposi- divorce growing into a 
tion to -removing the ban. "quickie” system. - 

The latest opinion poll The chances of success are 
shows 49 per cent of the finely balanced. No referea- 
elect orate favours a referen- dum has succeeded without 
dum. with 36 per cent against. all-tarty backing. 

Of those questioned, 61 per A referendum in the au- 
cent support divorce if one tunm.wiO risk another bniis- 
partner has been deserted for ing encounter between the 
three yean; or more, 75 per Roman Catholic hierarchy 
cent where there has been and Dr 1 FitzGerald’s coalition 
physical cruelty and 73 per government, which may open 
cent where an annulment has divisions such as those tint 
:been granted by the Roman occurred during the bitter 
Catholic Church. abortion referendum 

Any referendum to remove campaign. 

lage of England. Wales and There are three ways in 
Northern Ireland. which the trust feels that West 

Now it wants 10 change, government policy has in- acres, 
ever so slightly and subtly, so creased pressure on it to buy 
that ii comes to terms with its scenic land. 

own size and with the chang- L „ _ _ 

ing demands being made of iL slow privatization of the na- 
“Does every idea have to pass tionatized forests owned by 
through 100 in-trays and die 

100 deaths?" Dame Jennifer brought to the property mar- 
" kex acres of desirable wood- 

From what 1 have seen the land next to trust houses. The 

trust can move very fast." trust sometimes f 

to buy to avoid any risk to the 
surrounding landscape. 

der image is a liability in an 
age of increasing competition 
among charities and increas- 
ing reluctance by public bod- spaces owned by water au- counc 

ies to hold on to property that thorities will be protected upkee. . 

produces tittle income but against unsuitable develop- to rake on the obhga 

could be sold. mem after the authorities the local ratepayers,' 

jobs plan 

£lm asked 
for manor 

Gatwick Manor, the six- 
teenth-century manor house, 
at East : Grmstead, Sussex, 
home of the late Mrs Elaine 
Blond, who died in November 
aged 83, is offered for 
sale later this month for about 
£1 million. 

Mrs Blond, the last survive 
ing daughter . of . Michael 
Varies, the co-founder of the 
chain store Mafks.& Spencer, 
was one of the biggest benefac- 
tors of the town’s hospital. 
Her femily bmlt its advanced 
sterile burns centre . and the 

choice is 

Patrick Allen McLoughlin, 
aged 28, a former miner who 
worked during the strike of the 
National Union of 
Miriewdrkers, and is now an 
industrial representative of 
the National Oral Board, has 
teen formally adopted as the 

Conservative candidate in the 

West Derbyshire byefectian 
oh May 8: 

. He is lighting to bold the* 
15,000 majority gained by Mr 
Mattiiew Paris - in the last 

Crucial case in fight 
by rival pit unions 

The creation of 500.000 new 
jobs is given lop priority in a 
discussion document on the 
future of Scotland's economy 
published vesterday by the 
Scottish TUC on the eve of its 
congress in Aberdeen. 

Mr Campbell Christie, its 
general secretary, said that 
Scotland was potentially one 
of the world's richest coun- 
tries. “What is lacking is the 
sense of purpose, of direction, 
to harness our abilities, to give 
them capital to work with, and 
to put Scotland back to work- 
ing for its future.’’ 

National Union of 
Mineworkers. It has accused 
the coal board of unfairly 
paying the minority of Union 

The National Coal Board is 
due to appear before an indus- 
trial tribunal tomorrow in a 
ra se which could have a 
crucial bearing on the battle 
for membership by the rival 
miners’ unions (Craig Seton 

The case has been brought merit, 
under “equal treatment” legis- 
lation of the Employment 
Consolidation Act, 1978. by 
the Leicestershire area of the November 

of Democratic Mineworkers' 
members at EUisiown colliery 
more than NUM members to 
help the new union’s recruit- 

The NUM has still to accept 
a 5.9 per cent pay deal 










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L 1 


Transkei roads 
are closed as 

blast kills two 

. Umtata (Reuter) - Eight 
people died in a weekend of 
South African violence and a 
row erupted over the funeral 
of an exiled nationalist and 
former king. 

A black boy aged 12 and a ' 
white man died in a blast at a 
| holiday hotel in Transkei trib- 
al homeland, south of Dur- 
ban. Six other blacks were 
killed in unrelated violence 
elsewhere. A baby was burnt 
to death in an arson attack on. 
the home of a Mack coun- 

Transkei was also the scene 
of the funeral of Sabata 
DaJindjebo, former king of the 
Tembu clan of the Xhosa tribe 
4fend a nephew of the jailed 
black nationalist leader, Mr 
Nelson Mandela. 

Entry roads to Transkei, 
one of 1 0 homelands set up for 
blacks under apartheid, were 
sealed off amid expectations 
that hundreds of ami-apart- 
heid activists would attend. 

After being removed from 
office in 1980 by his arch- 
rival. former Transkei Presi- 
dent Kaiser Matanzima, the 
king joined the banned Afri- 
can National Congress (ANC). 

The king’s family yesterday 
won a court order instructing 
police and a funeral parlour to 
hand the body over to them by 

the afternoon. But they said 
that the body was from 
the funeral parlour and buried 
in a non-royal . cemetery with- 
out their permission. 

Reporters who witnessed 
the burial said they were then 
ordered away by security po- 
lice, and a British correspon- 
dent had his notebook con- 

No members of the family 
were present as the coffin was 
lowered into the ground. Law- 
yers for the ex-king’s family 
said they had wanted the body 
flown back for burial m the 
Zambian capital of Lusaka,, 
where he had lived m exile 
from 1980. 

Meanwhile, in KwaZulu, 
home of South Africa’s six 
million Zulus, King Goodwill 
Zwelirhim accused the na- 
tion’s biggest union federation 
of advocating suffering for 
blacks by calling for anti- 
Pretoria sanctions. 

He said in a rare political 
statement that the Congress of 
South African Trade Unions 
(Cosatn) was making wild 
suggestions that would destroy 
the economy. 

Cosaiu, comprising 34 uni- 
ons with about 500,000 mem- 
bers, is the biggest labour 
federation in South African 
history. . . 

Israel Cabinet bows to 
public on summer time 

From David Bernstein, Jerusalem 

The Israeli Cabinet yester- 
day recommended putting 
clocks forward by one hour on 
May 17. reacting to a growing 
public rebellion against the 
decision of the Interior Minis- 
ter earlier this month not to 
implement summer lime for 
the next two years. 

Yesterday’s Cabinet vote is 
not legally binding on the 
Interior Minister, Rabbi Yit- 
shak Peretz of the ultra- 
'Veligious Torah Guardians. 
(Shas) Party, who was holding 
consultations on responding 
to the decision. He ■ will, 
however, find it politically 
difficult not to carry out the 
recommendations. - 
Rabbi Peretz has rejected 
claims that summer' time led 

to substantial energy savings 
and fewer road deaths, sup- 
porting the view of some 
religious circles that putting 
the clock forward interfered 
with their early-morning de- 
votions and could lead to 
desecration of the Sabbath. 

But as more factories, and 
even some towns, unilaterally 
introduced unofficial daylight 
saving time in the past two 
weeks, public pressure to re- 
verse the earlier derision be- 
came irresistible. 

Political observers here felt 
that the affair may have 
damaged relations between 
Shas and the labour Party, 
whose' ministers were over- 
whelmingly in favour of intro- 
ducing summer time 

Moscow turns on 
secret slanderers 


Moscow f API - Soviet 
courts ha'-e been ordered to 
lake criminal 3ciion againsi 
citizens who defame others in 
anonymous letters. 

After a three-day meeting ot 
the Soviet Supreme Coun Iasi 
«eek. the government news- 
paper Ir.csnu reported ai the 
weekend that the court had 
ordered a number of s'.eps to 
protect ihe rights of citizens, 

A..* them was a remind- 
er lo lower courts lhai "the law 
envisions strict responsibility 
for slander. Having estab- 
lished that a statement or 
anonymous letter was passed 
around for slanderous pur- 
poses. the court must institute 
a criminal procedure against 
those responsible". 

The reminder followed a 
Politburo order last summer 
and numerous articles in the 

state-run media over the past 
12 months denouncing the 
practice of writing anonymous 
letters to defame work col- 
leagues or neighbours. 

However, the court's order 
io lower courts to investigate 
cases of slander in anonymous 
letters did not appear in a 
report of the meeting pub- 
lished in yesterday’s edition ot 
the Communist Party daily 

There was no explanation 
for the omission. 

Neither newspaper suggest- 
ed that the new laws have been 
mandated to punish anony- 
mous letter writers or others 
deemed to violate individual 

Existing Soviet law pro- 
vides for up to five years' jail 
for those convicted of severe 
defamation or slander. 

' •• v S &jj gl K :• j 

A soldier «nrf an Indian child in the Contra-run village of La Mosjnith, near tlwHondiiras* 
Nicaragua border, which local Khan guerrillas say they are defending against Sandinistas. 

Hawke visit to London 

Russians gatecrash 
Horowitz recital 

Farm concessions sought 

Mr Bob Hawke, the Austra- 
lian Prime Minister, will to- 
day have lengthy talks with 
Mrs Thatcher, during which 
be is expected to press her to 
use her influence to secure 
concessions from the . Europe- 
an Community to assist Aus- 
tralian farmers. 

Mr Hawke is in the middle 
of a round-the-world trip, and 
arrived in London from 
Washington on Saturday. To- 
morrow he goes to Brussels to 
meet M Jacques Defers, the 
president of the European 
Community, before going to 
Rome and Athens. 

By Rodney Cowton 

In addition to seeing Mrs 
Thatcher for about two hours 
this afternoon. Mr Hawke will 
have talks with Mr Neil 
Kinnock, Leader of the Oppo- 
sition. and Sir Shridalh 
"Sonny" RamphaL Secretary- 
General of the Common- 
wealth Secretariat, as well as 
having an audience with the 
Queen at Windsor Castle. 

Australia feels that some 
sections of its farming com- 
munity. are going through a 
financial crisis, and at least 
some of the responsibility for 
this is laid on the European 
Community and the common 

agricultural policy. 

Mr Hawke is likely to seek 
Mrs Thatcher's assistance in 
ensuring that agriculture re- 
ceives due attention at the 
economic summit in Tokyo 
next month, and in London 
and Brussels ts expected io 
press for a resumption of the 
high-level consultations be- 
tween the Commission and 
Australia on agricultural mat- 

Attitudes to last week's 
American action against Libya 
wilt inevitably come up, as 
will the stresses within the 
Anzus pact 

Kampala gets a spring cleaning 

Thousands turned out in 
Kampala at the weekend to 
give the Ugandan capital the 
biggest dean-op it has had 
since General ldi Amin, the 
former dictator, seized power 
early in 1971. 

Answering an appeal by Dr 
Samson Kise&ka, the Prime 
Minister, local residents shov- 
elled piles of rotting refuse 
from both residential and basi- 

From Charles Harrison, Nairobi 

i ness areas. Lorries provided 

> by local businesses took it to 1 
j dumps outside the city. 

! Kampala, once displaying I 
r tidy, well-kept gardens and i 
leafy avenues, deteriorated af- 
1 ter General Amin took over ; 
: and expelled the Asians. It has i 
not recovered in spite of i 

> several changes of govern- i 

The new Government of 
President Yoweri Museveni, 
which took power last Janu- 
ary, has a strong reformist 
policy and wants to restore the 
morale of Ugandans, 

The capital's police and 
army forces are co-operating 
hi a large-scale operation to 
stop car thefts in Kampala and 
so far have seized more than 
260 suspect vehicles. 

Moscow (Reuter) — Music 
students here scuffled with 
police yesterday in their eager- 
ness to hear V ladimir Hor- 
owitz's first piano recital in the 
Soviet Lak»a for 6! years. 
Only a few of them succeeded 
Li gening into the Moscow 
Conservatoire without tickets. 

Tbe live international 
broadcast was sold oat and. as 
geests and ticket- holders filed 
through police cordons into 
the halL people on the streets 
were begging for spare tickets. 
Then about 25 students 

bid admitted 
by terrorists 

Paris — Action Directe. the 
outlawed left-wing terrorist 
organization, has admitted re- 
sponsibility for the assass- 
ination attempt on M Guy 
Brana. the vice-president of 
CNPF. the main French 
employers’ association, on 
Tuesday (Susan MacDonald 

After the attack - from 
which M Brana escaped un- 
hurt. although his chauffeur 
was injured — the police 
arrested and charged five peo- 
ple thought to be close to 
Action Directe. 

The charges concern 
breaches of arms, munitions 
and explosives laws, theft, and 
association with criminals. 
Police have recovered £1.5 
million stolen in a bank raid. 

began scuffling with police in a 
desperate attempt to hear the 
pianist whose work they know- 
only from records. 

It was not dear how many 
students managed to reach the 
baJL but as Horowitz began 
the first piece on the pro- 
gramme. three sonatas by 
Scarlatti, police dragged at 
least six young people out of 
the back balcony. 

The students sneaked back 
to their standing places and 
police gave op trying to move 

quits after 
son’s arrest 

From Hasan Akhtar 

Mr Abdul Ghafoor Khan 
Hoti. whose son was reported- 
ly arrested in America on 
charges of being involved in 
drug trafficking earlier this 
month, has resigned from his 
post of Governor of the 
North-West Frontier 

Mr Hoti had been a minis- 
ter in President Ayub Khan's 
government and was appoint- 
ed Governor in January after 
relinquishing his post in the 
Cabinet of the Prime Minister. 
Mr Muhammad Khan Junejo. 

Mr Hoti had expressed 
doubts that his son bad been 
implicated in the heroin 
smuggling case 

Witness m 
sent sliced 

Naples LAP) - A pte* °» 
human tongue was nwiWto 
Pasquale D Amico, a key wit- 
ness atthe organized enme [n^ 

in Naples, to try to frighten tom 

into silence, newspapers have 

^Thlfis the longue of your 
friend. If you don't retract your 
accusations, the next time wc , 
will send you one from your ■ 
family." said a note with the 
tongue. D'Amico collapsed 
when he received the longue in 

Soviet jets hit 
Afghan rebels 

Islamabad (Reuter) - Soviet 
jets are bombing guerrilla posi- 
tions near a kev rebel base in 
eastern Afghanistan around die 
clock in renewed fierce fighting. 
Afghan exiles said. 

Gucmilas defending posi- 
tions about three miles south- 
west of a large underground 
base in Zhawar have no anti- 
aircraft guns or missives. They 
said easualucs were high. 

Dam bursts 

Colombo (AP) - A huge 
irritation reservoir burst its 
banks yesterday, flooding an 
eastern town and killing 50 
people and leaving 18.000 oth- 
ers homeless. 

Hitler clash 

Flensburg (AP) - Police and 
ann-Nazi protesters clashed 
with more than 200 skinheads 
who gathered in this West 
German town to celebrate 
Hiller's birthday, police said. 

Cairo blessed 

Cairo (APj — A committee 
appointed by the Coptic Pope 
says apparitions of the Virgin 
Man that tens of thousands of 
people claim to have seen over 
a suburban church in Shubra 
are a blessing to Egypt. 

Women vote 

Vaduz t AP)— The final three 
male-dominated communities 
of Liechtenstein granted wom- 
en the right to vote on local 
issues, nearly two years after 
they gained ihe right to vote in 
national elections. 

Herpes crime 

San Francisco (Reuter) - A 
rapist can be sentenced to an 
additional five years in prison if 
he gives herpes to his victim. a 
California court ruled. 


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Af. * * Jf. 3f. 


'ran walks out 


as ministers 
agree on Gulf 

peace appeal 

From Michael 

Foreign Ministers repre- 
senting the 101 nations of the 
non-aligned movement left 

Delhi teszerday after having 
fhilc*d 'in create a form of 

failed 'to create a form of 
words expressing a unani- 
mous desire for an end to the 
Gulf war. but having agreed 
formulas condemning West- 
ern attitudes to almost every- 
thing else. 

In spile of an all-night 
session to iron out differences 
on a number of topics, the 
ministers eventually simply 
called on India as chairman to 
appeal for peace in the Gulf. 

Even this provoked the 
Iranian delegation to walk out. 
saving that the appeal equated 
Iran and Iraq, and did not 
condemn Iraq for having 
started the war or for using 
chemical weapons. 

The Iranian Foreign Minis- 
ter. Mr Ali Akbar VetaytL said 
later that Iran would continue 
as an active member of the 
non-aligned movement, but 
he gave a warning that the 
organization's unity was 
threatened by its policy of 
taking decisions by consensus. 

The United States attack on 
Libya dominated the meeting, 
and’ the closing declaration 

Hamiyn, Delhi 

contained sharp criticism ofit. 
But the meeting also con- 
demned the growing menace 
of terrorism, whether perpe- 
trated by individuals, by 
groups or by states. 

This was the first time 
terrorism had figured in a 
non-aligned declaration, and 
represented something of the 
preoccupations of the host of 
the meeting. India, which has 
been in the chair for the past 
three years. 

However, delegates were 
unable to resist excluding 
from the condemnation “the 
legitimate struggles by people 
under colonial and racist re- 
gimes and other forms of 
foreign domination and occu- 
pation and of their national 

Nasa ends 5 
search for 

Cape Canaveral INYTi - 
the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration said at 
the weekend that it bad recov- 
ered remains of each of the 
seven Challenger astronagi 
and had finished its opera- 
tions to retrieve the wreckage 
of the space shuttle's crew 
compartment from the sea- 
bed. - 

Rear Admiral Richard Tru- 

ly. who heads the Nasa team at 
the Kennedy Space Centre 
studying the Challenger explo- 
sion. said the recovery- opera- 
tions of the crew compartment 
were completed on Friday 
when divers and a remote- 
controlled submersible craft 
ended a final week-long video 
sweep of the wreckage site. !7 
miles north-east of here, at a 

depth of about 87 ft. 

Photographs taken from an offshore oil platform show the Titan missile exploding soon after lift-off from the Vandenbetg Air Force Base. 

liberation movements against 
their oDoressors”. specifically 

their oppressors’*, specifically 
mentioning South Africa. Na- 
mibia and Palestine. The ex- 
clusion is wide enough for 
almost every sort of terrorist 
known to man to find in it his 
own justification. 

The US was also criticized 
for its “immoral and illegal 
act" in funding subversive 
activities against Nicaragua. 

Western nations particular- 
ly were urged to heed interna- 
tional conventions banning 
recruitment, use. financing, 
training, transit and drafting 
of mercenaries. 

Vandenberg Air Force Base, Cali- 
fornia (NYT) - The loss of a Titan 
rocket mid its secret military payload 
here on Friday appears to bea serious 
blow to the national security interests 
of the United States, according to 
aerospace experts outside the Gov- 

At worst the experts said, the loss 
of an advanced spy satellite, which is 
believed to have been carried by the 
Titan, will make the negotiating of 
amts control treaties with the Soviet 
Union more difficult 

Photographs from such satellites 
are used to count missiles, to observe 
the Soviet military, and to monitor 
compliance with arms control treaties. 

Although Air Force officials will 

say only that the destroyed payload 
was secret aerospace experts ontside 
the government believe it was a KH11 
photographic reconnaissance satellite 
meant to have been launched into 
polar orbit 

The $65 million Titan 34D and its 
secret payload exploded in flames 
seconds after lift-off. 

The US now has only one KH 11 
satellite in orbit the exp e r ts said. 
Another KH1I satellite — they nsnal- 
ly operate in pairs — was lost in 
August when another Titan rocket 
exploded after lift-off here. 

“It’s a very serious situation,” said 
Mr James Bamford, author of The 
Puzzle Palace, a study iff the National 
Security Agency and the nation's 

system of spy satellites. “The impli- 
cations of this whole explosion are 
very serious. The shuttle might be out 
for several years and, if there's 
trouble as well with the Titans, then 
expendable rockets might also be out, 
which means that America's spy 
satellite fleet is basically grounded.” 

Other aerospace experts agreed, 
adding that the Titan explosion would 
make it more difficult fin- the US to 
sign treaties with the Soviet Union. 

The military spy satellites are far 
more advanced than civilian satellites, 
which cannot approach the photo- 
graphic precision needed for mflitary 

Aerospace experts said that the 
loss of the secret payload did net 

Biff iH the US was vulnerable to 
surprise attack. In addition to the 
single orbiting KH2I, the VS had a 
host of other satellites to monitor the 
Soviet Union, they said. Spy satellites 
were just one elemeat- 

Ahr Force officials said that more 
70 people were treated far 
various injuries after tire blast on 
Friday, mostly fire eye irrititm. 

• Sabotage possible: Sabotage has 
not been ruled out as a possible canse 
of the explosion. General Jack Wat- 
kins, commander of the First Strate- 
gic Airspace Division, said yesterday 
(AFP reports). 

“Sabotage is something we cannot 
discount," he said. “We «31 be 
looking at everythmg.” 

Space agency officials h«* 
refused to say when the re- 
mains of the seven astronauts. 
killed when the Challenger 
exploded on January 28 short- 
ly after lift-off from Kennedy, 
might be released. 

But in New York on Satur- 
day, Mr Marvin Resnik. 
whose daughter Judith was 
among the Challenger crew, 
said the remains would be 
transferred from Kennedy to 
the military morgue in Dover, 

The announcement marked 
the ' first official acknow- 
ledgement by Nasa that hu- 
man remains had been 
recovered from the wreckage, ji 

The wishes of the people of 
the Falkland Islands were 
ignored, and sovereignty over 
them was awarded unani- 
mously to Argentina. 

Senate threat to hopes of 
Canada free trade zone 

Barbie to 

faces more 

From John Best Ottawa 


Ruling on Hilton 
will favours nuns 

t' X: • *■ 


Mr .Ali Akbar Velayti: warn- 
ing of a threat to unity. 

The West was implicitly 
criticized for attempting to 
weaken the role of the United 
Nations, and for using finan- 
cial power to impair its func- 
tioning. and was expressly 
criticized in a discussion of the 
world economic order. 

Flames bit tanker 

Bahrain (Reuter) — One 
seaman was killed and three 
injured when the folly-laden 
Turkish tanker Atlas 1 was hit 
is a rocket attack in the Golf 
yesterday and set on fire. 

Shipping sources in the 
region said the attack by 
unidentified aircraft on the 

79,753-ton tanker occurred 
about 35 miles east of Qatar. 
Ir anian aircraft were sus- 

• Fan battle: After fierce 
fighting yesterday in the Fao 
peninsula, Tehran radio re- 
potted that 1,000 Iraqis had 
been killed. 

Canada's hopes of a free 
trade zone with the United 
States may be about to flicker 
and die. The Senate finance 
committee in Washington 
votes tomorrow on whether to 
give President Reagan the go- 
ahead to negotiate a bilateral 
trade deal with Canada, and 
advance indications are that it 
will not do so. 

That would doom — possi- 
bly for good — the grand 
design of Mr Reagan and Mr 
Brian Mulroney. the Canadi- 
an Prime Minister, to elimi- 
nate remaining barriers to 
trade between the two neigh- 
bours. Last-minute efforts 
were under way in Washing- 
ton to salvage the plan, even 
as Mr Mulroney insisted in 

Ottawa that his Government 
would accept no “precon- 

Canada-US trade now runs 
at about SCanl60 billion 
(about £76 billion) a year. 

Most of h is already free, or 
subject to negligible rates of 
duly. But Mr Reagan and Mr 
Mulroney believe that bilater- 
al commerce can be expanded 
still further, with economic 
benefit to both sides, through 
a specially negotiated deaL 

One of Canada's principal 
motives is to exclude itself 
from the effects of various 
non-tariff barriers being intro- 
duced or threatened by a US 
Congress which is increasingly 

Until very recently, both 

governments had assumed 
that the US Adminis tration 
would have no trouble in 
obtaining the necessary con- 
gressional authority to open 

A few days ago, however, 12 
of the Senate committee's 20 
members sent a letter to Mr 
Reagan saying that they could 
not support his request for a 
“fast-track” launching of the 


This followed an April 11 
meeting of the committee at 
which senators loosed a bar- 
rage of criticism at Canada 
over its heavy penetration of 
the US market. Canada has a 
SCan20 billion US trade sur- 
plus with the US, second only 
to Japan. 

Paris — Four new charges 
have been brought against 
Klaus Barbie, the former SS 
officer knowu as the “Butcher 
of Lyons”, who has been In 
prison hi Lyons awaiting trial 
since his expulson from Boliv- 
ia more than three years ago 
(Susan MacDonald writes). 

The new charges, which 
come under (be heading of 
crimes against humanity, con- 
cern the deaths of a police 
commissioner and university 
lecturer, the round-up of those 
involved in the Resistance, and 
the organization of the last 
convoy of deported Jews from 
Lyons. They cover the period 
from 1943 to 1944. 

No date has yet been set for 
the trial; which is bound to, 
old wounds. 

Roman Catholic nuns may 
benefit by some $905 miHion 
(about £570 million) because 
of a Los Angeles court ruling 
on the win of the hotel tycoon 
Conrad Hilton. 

After a three-week trial here. 

Judge Robert Weil on Friday 
denied the d»hn of Mr Barton 
Hilton, the son of Conrad 

From Ivor Dans, Los Angeles 

olic nuns may tended he had the right to buy 

e $905 miHion affihe stock at its value at the 

d lion) because time of his father's death. But 

es court ruling Judge Wefi ruled that Conrad 

ie hotel tvcooa Hilton had meant the stock 
te.noici tycoon w ^ ^ 

week trial here, outlined in Jus wilL 
Veil on Friday In what the judge called “a 
n of Mr Barton beautiful provision” the will 
m of Conrad ordered its directors to relieve 

ruuuu, UK. 9UII VI vviuiui inuuCAluau IVUUW 

Hilton and chief executive of suffering, “shelter fittie child- 
the Beverly Hitts-based bold raT. and “give aid to then* 

LUV IA.VUUJ iaaim-wwmww • ivu - W llte ftliv — UP 

chain, that he was entitled to protectors and defenders, the 
buy 27.4 per cent of stock left (Catholic) sisters”. . 

company had increased from cnnn ,ftJShefinal araiiments 

VUIUVumj 1»I»M ““ ■ 

about $140 million (about £89 
million) to about $500 miHion 
(about £3 16 million) since his 
father died in January, 1979. 

Mr Barron HBtnn had con- beappfcaled. 

soon after the final arguments 
had beat completed. 

As attorney for. Mr- Barron 
HUton 1 said the ruling would 





[VECO and FORD are two of the most influential 
names irilheEuropean truck industry Ther joint venture 
partnership in 8ntoh,to be cdled IVECO FORD Truck 
limited, vy$ combine the resources of these two market 
teaders brinc^ng even better levels of products card 
services to the BdSsb'ttansport user. 

This combfiicrfipfi of skills and expertise will help 
you meet the fukre chpenges of the transport industry 

devefapmehf can mantiiadu^^ 
ways to a# costs without cutting 
resources behind IVECO 
meeting the demands of the trar^oft 
in ihe future. ~ • ^ i 



On July 1st 1986, IVECO and FORD join forces in 
Britain to form IVECO FORD Truck Limited. 

• ' Cost control is one 

As <:o^-aynsdc^d^t<xners and public bodies 
fiavebecome more derrartdttgbF therfransport 
operators, they in turn ha\e.dS^3nded more of 
oornmerdal vehide riKinufcKJOr^s.: ' 

= r ; : More choice. Mo m'reldhi&y More back-up. . 
And di for tess money . . - . . 

Onlythrough cxjn^nuing;-^;.- 
investment^ research and 

efficiency Not only for you, the 
people who rely upon you, whether- 
retailers, public services or eyenyb^bv/n^ff^^c 
In their efforts to 

only pare down their costs so for : : :\ ; • • itgaJSw yfi ■ 

: , -j;. ■ . f v • ;; V;' 

3 down their costs so for 
To make further 

fei to look outside their pwd it & 

* IVECO is Europes second largest truck manufacturer. 

* IVECO bought £26m of components from British 
industry in 1985. 

* IVECO has factories and research facilities in 
Germany Italy France and Switzerland 

* IVECO produce over 200 standard models and over 
1000 variations. 

* IVECO’s worldwide dealer network indudes over 
3500 service points in Europe alone. 

to you that they w# turn first. 


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* FORD has been UK market leaderfor each of the past 

* FORD exported trucks and truck parts to the value of 

some £60m in 1985. __ 

* FORD employs a workforce of 1 700 at its Langley 

factory in Berkshire. 

* FORD has invested £125m in the Cargo,a range 

IVPCO FORD, an equal interest partnership, will 

establish itself as the leader in the British truck market. 


No-one wifi have invested more heavily in your 
future. "fogethec IVECO FORDs resources.will be used to 
refine some of the most advanced trucks in Europe: an 
evolutionary development ‘pb^amme that will result in a 
cohstant flow of efficiency improvements and a world- 
feacfog design initiative that wfil introduce outstanding 
rtesW products. Only sucha combination wili help you 
qpierafemore cosfr-effecfivefy in the long run. 

IVECO FGRDwffl be one of the few truck 
manufacturers abtetomeet the cost-efficiency challenge. 
And the operators th<3t go with IVECO FORD will be the 
operators that grow vvifh IVECO FORD. 

. AfthfiSu^thea^mitm 

competitive edge is very much in the present. 

From the Daily through Cargo, to 38 tonners 
and beyond, IVECO FORD will offer the most advanced 
and competitive range of commercial vehicles for 

standard and special applications. . 

No other manufacturer will have such strength in 
depth, boast so many market leaders, serve so many fleet 
operators, large and small, public and private. 

Together, you and IVECO FORD will be in the 
driving seat of Britain’s transport industry. Get behind the 
wheel at your local IVECO or FORD dealer 



ZLl TL-ili. 

L; on Hilt 
i 'oursm 

Mrs Aquino threaten 
to unleash Army if 
communists fight on 

President Corazon Aquino 
of the Philippines said yester- 
day that an upsurge in com- 
munist rebel activity was 
threatening her peace efforts. 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 

$3m US homes 

San Francisco (AF) — Mr 
Ferdinand Marcos, the ousted 


If the rebels spurned an Philippines PresWent, has ad- 
imminent ceasefire offer, then mitted owning two homes in 
she would strike back with a New Jersey, one worth more 
better equipped,, trained and than $3 million, bat that was 
mobile Army. “about the only property we 

Her warning came two days hare ip the United States,** 
after 20 soldiers were killed accordmg to a report in the 
and seven wounded in the Francisco Examiner. He 
bloodiest clash so far of her also saM he owns land in .the 
eight-week Government. Gen- Philippines worth $25 million, 
era! Fidel Ramos, the armed 

forces chief, has ordered all the University of the Phil- 

service commanders to strong- ippines. 

then security nationwide. “But I shall not allow this 

The estimated 16.000 rebels state of affairs to continue for 
of the New People’s Army long. The soldiers of the 
were regrouping and “aggres- republic are under my wing. 1 

Mrs Aquino, who has called 
on the communists repeatedly 
to lay down their weapons and 
join her in rebuilding the 
country .said she would call a 
formal ceasefire soon for a j 
definite and non-exiendable 

“Negotiations should take 
place during that period and, 
it is to be hoped, a just 
resolution found to the issues 
that divide the insurgents 
from the Government,” 

A government official early 
this month secretly contacted 
Communist Party and NPA 
leaders to ask that they choose 
an emissary. But last week, 
after waiting 12 days before 
the emissary was named, the 
presidential palace said the 

were regrouping and “aggres- republic are under my wing. I *he emissary was Hi* 
sivefy pursuing a campaign of have obligations to the securi- presidential palace raiatne 
letTor". General Ramos said tyofthe people, the stability of I *J? e,s .J*! 0,ce ^! 12 ^ P n 

after 100 NPA guerrillas at- their new democracy and the able touse he was not a 

tacked an army convoy 200 honour of the Army. I will not member of either unoer 

miles south of Manila. An renege on any." ground organizations, 

army Jeep was destroyed in a Almost 500 people have **I see no reason, in the 

army Jeep was destroyed in a Almost 500 people have 
landmine blast and a strafed died in the insurgency since 
lorry blew up in the ambush. Mrs Aquino took power on 
“1 shall interpret this kindly February 25 after a civilian- 
io mean that the message of backed military revolt toppled 
peace has not filtered down to President Marcos from power 
all combatants," Mrs Aquino and forced him to Dee into 
said in a speech to graduates at exile in Hawaii. 

Concrete support 
for Red Cross 

From Alan McGregor, Geneva 

Soviet lorries have begun below the headquarters of the 
transporting cement all the International Committee of 
way from Moscow to Geneva, the Red Cross. 
toping a promise made by While Mrs Reagan hand e d 
Mrs TRafcn Gorbachov when over a modest cheque for 
she was here with her hus- $20,000 (£13,300), Mrs Gor- 
framf , the Soviet leader, for bachov announced that the 
November's summit meeting. Soviet Union would provide 
It was then that she and construction materials. What 
Mrs Nancy R« gpn laid the the Russians had in mind, rt 
foundation stone for an Inter- transpired. was marble, which 
national Red Cross museum, was not in the architects 
to be built into the hillside plans. They settled forUOOjj 

tonnes of cement and 350 
tonnes of reinforcing steel- 
work, which wm come by raO. 

The Russian lorries — in 
conveys of three, each carrying 
15 tonnes of cement — mil 
continue their 3,725-mile 
round-trip delivery runs 
. through the summer. 

This concrete gesture of 
seaport ibr International Red 
Cross traditions Is costing the 
Soviet . Government an esti- 
Mrs Gorbachov: lorries' ” . mated £350,000, two-thirds of 
fnlffl her promise whu3i is for transport. _ 

member of either under- 
ground organizations. 

“I see no reason, in the 
circumstances, for the Com- 
munists to continue this way.” 
Mrs Aquino said. 

“Negotiations will be with 
the top leadership of the 
Communist Party or there will 
be none." 

listens to 
sex woes 

Pittsburgh (API - People 
who are too shy to tell a 
psychoanalyst about their sex- 
ual problems have an elec- 
ironic alternative. Now they 
can talk to a computer instead. 

A computer programme de- 
veloped by researchers at Car- 
negie-Mellon University here 
will listen to sexual woes, 
identify the source of the 
problem, and even suggest 

“Research shows people are 
more likely to talk about 
embarrassing things to a com- 
puter than to a person," said 
Dr David Servan-Schreiber, 
aged 25, son of M Jean- 
Jacques Servan-Schreiber, the 
author and economist. 

The programme, Sexpert, is 
designed for use over several 
sessions by a couple dissatis- 
fied with their sex lives. A- 
playwright created the 
computer’s dialogue “to make 
it interactive and sensitive". 

President Fidel Castro speaking at a gala 
show at Havana's Karl Marx Theatre to 
celebrate the 25th anniversan 1 on Saturday 
of Cuba's defeat of the Bay of Pigs invasion 
in 1961 (Reuter reports from Havana). 

His brother Raul. First Vice-President, 
attended a military parade at Playa Giron. 
120 miles south-east of Havana where 
Cuban exiles surrendered. The Communist 

Party newspaper used front-page photo- 
graphs of both leaders and articles linking 
Cuba's defeat of the invasion with President 
Castro's proclamation of socialism less than 
24 hours before the landing of the 1.300 
exiles, who had been trained, organized and 
equipped by the CIA which hoped lor a 
national uprisine. But the invaders surren- 
dered after three days of heavy fighting. 

Police to 
big attack 
on Triads 

From David Bonavia 
Hong Kong 

Hong Kong police are pre- 
paring for a big drive against 
the Triads, clandestine Chi- 
nese criminal societies, whose 
activities seem to be again on 
the increase. 

Mr Ray Anning. the Com- 
missioner of Police, has ac- 
knowledged a tendency in 
recent years to write off the 
Triads, and to regard them as 
little more than gangs of petty- 
criminals. Now an official 
report has clarified the extent 
of Triad activity, and a severe 
crackdown is likely to be the 

However, some of the_ pro- 
posed measures may infringe 
civil liberties: for instance. 

former Triad members, on 
Their release from prison will 
be banned from frequenting 
establishments where crimi- 
nals congregate, and even 
from carrying electronic pag- 
ing devices - a useful aid to 
organized criminal activity. 

Most of the Triads are pro- 
Taiwan. if they have any 
political inclinations, and the 
British authorities might be 
regarded as negligent if the 
secret societies, with their 
elaborate rituals and vows ot 
secrecv. were still active when 
China’ regains sovereignty 
over Hong Kong in 1 997. 

The Triads - many of 
whose members are illegal 
immigrants from China - 
thrive mainly on drugs, sex 
and gambling, as well as 
carry ing out bloody vendeiias 
against each other. They were 
suppressed in the late 1950s 
but are now active again. 

EEC strikes a sour note in war of the sexes 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

The European Commission, 
burdened with worries about 
the budget crisis, the trade war 
with the United States and the 
future of European agrteul- 
jtore, has turned its attention to 
ithe pressing question of how 
many women in history have 
written jazz musk, played the 
oboe or sung as troubadours. 

A 92-page report on Women 
and Music issued by the 
Commission uses the re- 
sources of the EEC to tackle 
the favourite challenge of ev- 
ery saloon bar male chauvin- 
ist Why are there no great 
women musicians? 

It concludes that women 
have through the centuries 
“managed to express them- 

selves despite constraints im- 
posed on them by society ", but 
that men have conspired to 
play down or ignore the role of 
women composers and mus- 

In the ancient world, the 
report says, there were not 
enough women oboists, harp- 
ists and tambourine players to 
meet demand, so the services 
of these hetairai were highly 

In the Middle Ages, unfor- 
tunately, there were only 20 
women troubadours, all from 
Provence. In the sixteenth and 
seventeenth centimes women, 
as usual, were seen as decora- 

Yet despite "male censor- 

ship in the music world" 
women's “musical liberation" 
lay in solo instruments like the 
harpsichord and violin. Eliz- 
abeth 1*5 favourite instrument, 
after alL was the virginal, 
“named after the young girls 
who played it". 

Later on, in the eighteenth 
century, women took to the 
pianoforte to find liberation 
from the duties of wife and 

In the last century and oar 
own time, the report says, 
women have often had to hide 
behind male pseudonyms — or 
their hnsbands — to be accept- 
ed. But women are now in- 
creasingly prominent in the 
music world, and even the 

word "jazz" may have been 
coined by a woman, according 
to Clarence Williams, who 
recalls that a woman said to 
him with feeling: “Oh jazz me. 
baby!" when he was in mid- 

The report ends with a list ot 
distinguished European wom- 
en musicians and composers. 
It regrets the continuing lack 
of women conductors however, 
noting that male musicians are 
reluctant to be conducted by a 

“Men do not readily accept 
the authority of a woman," the 
report observes. “How often 
does one see a squadron of 
police led by a woman?" 

in trial of 

From John Enters 
La Pm 

The former dictator^Gener- 
a, Luis Garcia Mew, h* 
Interior Minister, Colotg 
Luis Aice Gomez, and 50 
collaborators from the ha ^ 
line military regime the two 
led after the violent military 
takeover in Bolivia in July 
1980. are being tried by the 
Supreme Court in the moun- 
tain capital of Sucre. Thej are 
charged with sedition, political 
assassination and genocide, 
misuse of public funds, and 
other crimes. 

But what is being called the 
“trial of the century" here 
may, because of delays and 
division among the court jus- 
tices on trial procedure, last up 
to two vears before a verdict is 
reached, according to judicial 
experts. . 

General Garcia Meza, who 
together with Colonel Arce 
Gomez went into hiding at the 
end of 1982 when the country 
returned to civilian rule, unex- 
pectedly appeared before the 
court earlier this month in 
defence of his coup and the 
regime he led. 

The court is now in such 
disarm v — two members have 
died recently, and prosecution 
and defence lawyers are de- 
manding that five of the 
justices excuse themselves 
from the proceedings for vari- 
ous reasons, ranging from 
personal connections to the 
former regime to claims of 
communist sympathizing — 
that it is uncertain when the 
next session will be held. It is 
also uncertain whether Colo- 
nel Arce Gdraez will appear. 

La Paz offers 
teachers new 
deal on wages 

La Paz - A teachers' strike 
in Bolivia appeared to be 
1 coming to a close at the 
1 weekend as school teachers, 
who had demanded higher 
wages, accepted a new offer 
t from the Government in sev- 

■ era! cities and agreed to begin 

■ classes today |Our Correspon- 
i dent writes). 

, Public-sector teachers have 
! been on strike since the first 
* week of February. 

A government offer of a 50 
t per cent pay rise and the lifting 
e of an order dismissing all 
a 75.000 striking teachers ap- 
f peared ai the weekend to be 
leading to a settlement. 

Unsure of which 
way to turn? 

Let us Be your guide. 

Looking far a permanent |Ob and 
time is running out? Then why not join one of 
the most sought-after temporary teams m 
London? We can offer you a first class 
opportunity to experience a vanety of 
working environments in Cenfraf London. 

If you let us gwfe you towards your 
career we can pay you excellent rates on 

the way not to mention holiday pay and the 
MacBfam Nash Privilege Card, together with a 
constant flow of assignments. 

Let JtecBam Nash put success at yourfinger 
tips. Contact Victoria Martin on 01-439 0601 

Todays best booking. 

International company requires s/h wo sec to wor* at 
Mam Board level - long term tanking Circa £11.000. 



Banking secretary £12,000. Top Executive ot this 
prasoqwus Anwroan Bar* reqwres a ti^Wy proficient 
secretary with excellent skats to assist Mm «rm Ms twsy daily 
schedule. Apphcams should be hard wortung. fiaxibto end 
prepared to work tong ham when neoessary. A good 
opportunity for entoustasbc candidates who are tootang for tots 
ot mvcivenient «i then next posaon. Age 25/30 

Directors Secretary £ 9300 An tateresang opportunty 
exists rattan ttas frinoty North American Bank for an 
experienced secretary with good shorthand. WP. and 
organisational stalls, working closely with a top Executive who 
deals exctusvaty with Pubbc Relations. The successful 

camMate must tie an exceSent Bdmrmstrator wdh an energetic 

and flexible nature and a careful and thorough approach to 
their work An excmng opening tor a secretary who is tootang 
tor a career move. Age 224-. 

Marketing Secretaries £9,000. Continuous expansion tn 
the Markeong area at ttas U.S. Bank has led to the creanon of 
several career openings lor bngn. amorous seae tanas 
Working closely with a team ol marketing executives the 
successful candidates rafl possess excellent stalls, some 
knowledge of W.P.. and a sound academe record. Age 19+ 

For father detarts please caB 01.238 1113 {34 Hrs) 





in excess of £12,000 pa.+ Company Car to Start 
with - progression to £18,000 pa. within 18 months 

An East London based Administrative company 
requires a self motivating, hard working, 
energetic person to act as Assistant to lady 
Managing Director and generally manage 
the continued smooth running of a friendly 
team operating the main administrative office. 
Her/His career to date will demonstrate 
experience of basic secretarial skills (including 
shorthand), office administration, preferably 
including some expenence of a book keeping 
function and the ability to exercise initiative in 
problem solving - it is unlikely that anybody 
under 25 would have sufficient experience. 
Applicants should live within a 10 mile radius 
of E15. Starting salary will be at least £12.000 
pa. -f company car. It is envisaged chat the 
succesful applicant will,$ubject to performance, 
progress to £18,000 p.a. within IS months. 
Applications in writing with full details to: 

Mrs C-M.King, Managing Director. 

Limetime Services. Unit 5, System House. 

3 Deanery Hoad, London E15.(No Agencies) . 


Josiah Wedgwood & Sons Limited require a Sales 
Secretary with responsibility to the Sates Manager 
and working closely with the Sales Team. 

4 weeks holiday and staff discount Salary negotiable. 
Please contact Miss Jan Tapp on: 486 5181. 

Josiah Wedgwood & Sons Ltd 
32-34 Wigmore Street 
London W1H0HU 

(main t wno 

EARNING £11,000 p.a? 

An ee p enenced seaefaxy vwtfi WP. stalls wrthm (he CaroSne King 
temporary team can expect to earn in excess of the above wfob 
enfoyma a wuefy of assignments m att areas ol London. We also 
have a great demand tor dalhaML audio and copy skins Ptease 
telephone Brenda Stewart an 

01-499 8070 



A weH known household manufacturing 
name seeks a secretary with a sense of 
humour lo join their lively marketing 
department You'd learn all about product 
marketing within a super company 
atmosphere. 5 weeks holidays and early 
salary review. 80/50 skills needed. 

i Elizabeth Hunt Recruitment Consultants 
^l8(jfosvenof Sheet London W1 0V-240 3531 


Career set 'PA to senior City partner of large pro fe s si onal 
firm. Salary com mensural* wiui quauncailons. education 
and experience. Early Start! area £14.000. Late 20’s. 30‘s 

Archltecl extraordinaire. ExcMng. interesting Job for se- 
nior sec/ PA witn first class expenence and sense Of 
humour. Late 20‘s to 40's. £11.000 aae. 

Arts minded young sec tS/T> for press office of 
organisation inlerested in natural beauty and preservation. 
Lovely working atmosphere. Outgoing personality. Salary 
Call Mrs Byzantine 

01-222 5091 


mI C a mult a uU 

lopp St James's Park tube) 


For unusual and involving position within well-known 
Venture Group. Age 21+, salary £9.000+ excellent 

Please contact: 

Victoria Graham Limited (Rec Cons) 

01-493 4467/3492 


Exciting and responsible 
position within Young 
Energetic Computer 
Company Situated in 
attractive omen in 
Holtarn. Profieslonai 
manner and smart 
appearance essential. WP 
experience useful 


01-404 4W7. 



MD SEC c£10p500 

Join this highly succasful 
and raptdly expanding co. 
Enjoy a simulating ami 
'■and position involving 3 

««fc **ncry of evening 
projects. Your salary will be 
reviewed in b riorUk. 
pnnni<ikiful prospects arc 
ctrt and uius bonuses air 
based on mend Please 
telephone Amanda today: 

01-408 1117 

Top flight temp? 

Touch down 
with Kingsway! 

Kngmsy. London's exclusive temporary staff consultancy, is bottn 
an ooen-evenng a BcOas Wine Bar. 

There'S he free bonks sid buffet and you! be able to fora a chat 
wh us abate some great rnnpng opportusws. 

You catat also wm a tmzs of two tickets to the Royal prenacre of tta 
»n 'Qggw". 

So ama along and mot us at Btagtas Wfino Bar. Mason YW. SW1 
on Wednesday 23nt Aprs from 5 • flpra. 

See you {here* 

Telephone: 01-629 9863 01-836 9272 


Historian with political interest 
requires secretary/pa to work in 
pleasant Kensington home. A high 
standard of education with first class 
shorthand and piping skills essentiaL 
Word processing experience an 
advantage, starting salary £8,500 per 
annum. This position would suit a 
married graduate: but all applications 
will be considered. 

Please apply with C.V. to Mrs. Brooke, 
8 Wilfred Street, London SW1E 6PL. 


£ 10,000 


This is an intriguing opening in a succesful 
expanding set-up: The company often high 
retum investment to speculators in world markets. 

PA to their Chairman (and founder) you wBl enjoy tool 
involvement across a broad base — handling his persona) 
and business correspondence in addition to paying a 
frontline admin role. Numeracy is desirable, as is an 
Interest in financial matters. Good typing and the ability 
to cope under pressure is essentiaL Age 23-30. Please 
telephone 01-493 5787. 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London Wl 

(Recruitment Consuhants) 



If you are dynamic, self-motivated, with 
initiative & enthusiam, and drive a good 
car-letting high class furnished properties 
in Central London could be for you. 




For A ccount Executive 

In young expanding company near Gloucester Road tube. 
At least 3 years previous experience on Consumer Ac- 
counts and good organisational skins nwilte plus test 
accurate typing ino S/H). 

£8.400 PJL + 2 bonuses PJL * BUPA. 

Write with CV or telephone:- 

IWM & S t A ufixi x. 


Leo ban SW7 4ET. 
T«fc 01-373 4537 


£9,237 - £10,014 p.a. inc. 

Hus is a senior position m a secretariat of two. 
supporting the Director of Social Services and the 
Deputy Director. It is an i mportan t rote at the heart 
of a busy, professional department requiring 
imagination, diplomacy and resiflence. 

Running the Director's office, organising meetings 
and rna n rtainmg the Deect o r a r e 's filing system are 
key parts of the work. The job involves the usual 
range of secretarial sfcifls inducting word 

The post offers generous hofiday ent l tiemeiiL 
There is a subsidised restaurant and social dita. 
Candidates _f or this post should contact Mrs. 
Geraktna Doth, Personnel Assistant to the 
Director of Social Services on 01-937 5464 Ext 
127. quoting Ref 062. Interviews vriti 
be held on 23rd and 30th Apri. 


fiX EOUfiL(PPCRmM&JPuyfErtMMm 


required immediately for government run 
oigmaiion. typing needed- Salary 

01-439 0501 


We require a young en- 
ihusfasoc sec- rec lo loin 
me team. 

At least two years expe- 
rience required. 
Excellent typing, audio 
and PMBX switchboard 

SALARY £8.000 

373 8546 


£ 10,000 

An expanding role for a 
professional. P4 vntii solid 
sec. exp. is/b. WP and a pood 
education CSS.). Organise ihe 
marl. ding office for ifus lm. 
Pet r oc h emical Co. Involving 
all aspects of office admin. 
and rxietniki' worldwide 
eicruli'c liaision. 

Please dll Loreiua on. 

Rec Cons. 54 Regent Street. 


W8 are martcut-toadsrs In ms design, manufacture and tfistrftwtton of Mah quafify 
latinos. wafi papers and accessories with offices in Chelsea and WNM Cay . We are currentl y 
seatang mghfy55led PA/secretartes wf» are teotong lor g chteo ngl n g and staiMtatng career 

PATO qi w on u 

Salary &EHL00D 

Tea wO be ftnofireef at a Ngh Itawf aaalattog ancf i 
Mu a t e iM and eara wiiw l ctfinn 

oar ehakwoman bi e wdatr 


Ercoent aacratana id ad ua vst ra i ta a sfcifc are roqiABd to assist our young and dynamo MP 
m f*s vary busy dm. Enmiwasm and the ability to work undar pmsstra are naoasaary. 
Ex penence at BoanHaval would be ghawagaous. 

Salary c£7,OOQ 

Good sacrannai skats (WP axpanance an adusmags) m toaffi w and adndntsbai nre are 

required. You wAaasat with ffioseduttas common to a Personnel Department together w an me 
day to day rumng of our se cretar ia l support (supervision of 2 srafl) and budding sanneas. 

lit eddftfon to flW alwm eatates are are offerfag 4 weeks bofidey. inearth* aehonm, staff 
— ticket loan, etc- 

m the Ural tastancejnaase write encloatim your CV »: Miss R Oucas Oesignera GuBd. B Ratey 
Road, London Wl? 7SJ or relaphoaa Cn? *33322 wo. 123 for an appecabon torn. 

£9,200 pA4 
Frre T rawl 





Company n Kmngton seek a 
compos* Secretary 25 - 45 
years wm speeds 100/60 to 
assst£5encr Managers Oufes 
are PR related wdh U 
■reitaemert m me Department s 
protect. CM Doptayvnlv 
Suoeiti offices and start 
restaurant wffi many other 

For more debate contacL 
Tna Craker on 330 5733 or 
Veronica Laps on 937 ffP«i 

t nt a a i U o na l Saeksavreb 

Seeks a wed organaed Secretary 
tor max dynamic young Dreew. 
The a acre n rel tames are very 
i n teteshna end vened and you 
ml eteo be asatsmg with 
Researoh. wgantsng 

conlerencas and trarel 
arrangements Lovtey offices 
situated oft Rate Street. Salary & 

£10,000 pA 

For more derate conta ct 
Tina Croker on 530 5733 or 
Veromea tape on 937 6525 

c. £10,800 pju 

Partner of targe legal finn needs a 
conMenf wefl groomed and 
capable Secretary witn test 
shorthand and typng on Wang 
WP to assist hi serong up a 
Banking OMaxm return the 
□raanirahon. Fmaroal 

apengics would be an 
amramaga. Excedent wortaig 
cond to ns and benefits 

For more delate conta ct 
Tina Croker on 930 5733 
Veromea Laps on 337 G5S. 

arrracom ctnTficom rsi «nTficom 



Consists nts 



Temporary Slh Secretaries' 

Are you the only one that fully appreciates 
your talents? 

Shouldn’t you be working in an environment where your skills 
are fully used - and appreciated? Where you have an 
opportunity to develop and progress? 

We agree! 

Contact us today to find out more about the 
benefits ot being a Manpower temporary. 


Temporary Staff Speciaihrs 

Tel: 225 0505 

2d hour answering service 




Fm moving American 
organisation require 
sophisticated person with 
cacefleni admin ml typing 
skills io assist the 
Perso nn el Supervisor with 
rccrurtmeni/ office 
services/ PR ad traveL 




First class secretary with 
superb skills required for 
PR department of 
International Co. A 
vivacious personality and 
good communicative skills 
are what's needed to deal 
with all types of media and 
oiganise and attend 

22 Sonth Mottos St 

(Rec Cass) 

629 3692 
629 5580 



Newly — _ 

Dncoor IcveL A truly PA 
rate ca&ag for Ktfimanct- 



confident tqpl see. M a n n ♦ 
• NodtVL 

c£l 1,000 

Supmxt rate oftrtaR 
opportunity to dcmocaoxte 
seocttnal (alent and Anr far 


c£ 10,000 

S u p e rvisory uguo rt nn hy with 
Finance Co. E*p of Nosro 
Rec. oon fifnann os. 

comtHderued systefns age 


TMA MEM * mats 
01 580 9348 

Rec Com 






Collate and 
information in 
re se arc h dept. Minimal good 


Arrange nteenngs for the 
press. Busy Hea Sana 
e n vironmcCT. 80/50 wpm. 


Otg auria wnal Hair, uci and 
dtscrotoo for busy peewnnef 
departmem. No shorthand. 


Arrei^e WPS and aisia with 
enpatratc queries. Shanbaod 

583 OQSS 



We require a secretary lo 
work in our busy PR 
office in Jermyn SueeL 
PR/ Media experience is 
needed as well as 
organisational skills. 
Ability to speak French 
an asset and an amiable 
personality is essential. 
Good references will be 

Send CV to: 

MJ. Mlddtentist 
Chase! U L 
76 jerrays Street 
LOifflON SW1Y 6KP 

£8 f 750-£11,000 PA 

has various secretarial positions. They will be 
shorthand or audio or dedicated WP positions. 
All will require Woridplex Gemini WP 
exerptCDce. Ttey offer very good perks including 
an additional allowance if you have French, 5 
weeks hols and a lunch allowance. If you are in 
your mid twenties and meet the above criteria 
call now and ask for Robbi Robinson on 828 



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An opportunity to loin a busy regional sates office for a 
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ortgong and 
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WEST END- 01-938 21 M 


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194 Now Bond St 

Ctoh** op page 32 



Irish go-between 

Foreign workers leave 



Belfast man suspected of cash deliveries 

By A Stiff Reporter 

The conflict with Libya has 
ted security forces a several 
European countries to step up 
their hunt for a Belfest man 
they believe las been passing 
on Libyan funds and weapon- 
ry to the Ira for at test four 

'British and Irish police 
declined to comment yester- 
day. The suspect is ag-d 35 
and is known to have had 
close ties with the Provisional 
IRA since it was formed in 


Early in his clandestine 
career, the man escaped from 
Maze prison where he had 

arms link 

been serving a nine-year sen- 
tence for explosives offences. 
He was eventually recaptured, 
hut was released in 1978. 

Since then be has been 
detained by police in France 
and Canada while travelling 
with false documents, but he 
has now gone into hiding, 
possibly in The Netherlands. 
The source said he is suspect- 
ed of delivering hundreds of 

tenced to three years impris- 
onment in his absence on gun- 
running charges. Belgian po- 
lice said one of his associates 
in the alleged 1983 arms deal 
was a man who is presently 
serving a life sentence In 
Britain in connection with the 
Harrods bomb attack in De- 
cember 1983 that killed six 

Known links between the 
regime of Colonel Gadaffi and 

thrvncamfc «r ui v.uiuMci kjauam anc 

asS-2? fLfS 1 * Li? ^ ' the IRA date from 1973 when 
as wen as guns and ammuni- 
tion, from. Libyan sgymis in 

Europe to the IRA since 1982. 

The man’s name last came 
up in a Brussels court last 
Tuesday, when he was sen- 

a naval gunboat intercepted a 
small ship off the Irish coast 
It was carrying 500 guns as 
well as ami-lank mines and 
explosives that had been load- 
ed at Tripoli by Libyan sol- 

Britain to push for tougher action 

EEC meets to find solution 
and maintain US alliance 

Britain today joins its Euro- 
pean partners for the third 
time in a week in a bid to find 
a peaceful solution to the 
Libyan crisis. 

Today Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
the Foreign Secretary, will 
insist on a number of tough 
anti-Libyan sanctions, includ- 
ing the complete closure of all 
Libyan People’s Bureaux in 
Europe, when he meets other 
EEC foreign ministers in Lux- 
embourg to review the impact 
of measures adopted at emer- 
gency meetings in The Hague 
and Paris last week. ■ - - 

But even with transatlantic 
mistrust and misunderstand- 
ing running strong, the EEC is 
reluctant to impose the kind of 
economic and trade sanctions 
the Americans see as the 
minimum condition for an 
agreed Western alternative to 
military action. 

Today’s meeting comes at a 
time when EEC states appear 
to be moving away from their 
initial shock and dismay over 
the American bombing of 
and towards a greater 
ding of American 



From Richard Owen, Brussels 

motives and frustrations. The 
emphasis among European 
officials is now on Colonel 
Gadaffi’s culpability m sup- 
porting, or ordering, terrorist 
attacks that have cost Europe- 
an as wed as American lives. 

The Europeans are anxious 
to avoid a damaging split in 
the Western alliance, with 
Washington writing off the 
allies as “appeasers." On the 
other hand, European officials 
are conscious that public omn- 
ioo in Europe — including 
Britain — is against the Ameri- 
can actios. 

EEC diplomats said Sir 
Geoffrey wiD come under 
today to ensure that 
bases are not used in 
fixture American operations. 

Greece, which has been the 
most reluctant of the Twelve 
to condemn Libya, is expected 
to propose that an EEC con- 
tact group go to Tripoli to try 
to intercede between Libya 
and tibeUSL 

Three months ago EEC 
foreign ministers issued a 
vague condemnation of ter- 

rorism without mentioning 
Libya, by name. Since it fol- 
lowed the Rome and Vienna 
airport bombings, this caution 
aroused American scorn and 
sowed doubts in Washington 
that the Europeans could be 
counted on for helpu But the 
January meeting did set up an 
EEC working group on terror- 
ism, which today will report to 
the foreign ministers and will 
recommend tougher anti-Lib- 
yan measures. 

Britain warns these new 
moves to follow the British 
experience in dealing with 
Libya over the past two years. 
Sir Geoffrey, who has given 
his colleagues detailed evi- 
dence of Libyan links with the 
IRA, wants the EEC as a 
whole to shut down the Liby- 
an People’s Bureaux, which be 
calls “command posts of 

Such action, combined with 
severe visa restrictions and a 
ban on export credits and 
arms sales to Libya, would 
“restore Europe’s credibility" 
British officials believe. 

diers. Since then a number of 
IRA members are believed to 
have received training in guer- 
rilla warfare in Libya. 

Mr Tom King, the Secretary 
of Slate for Northern Ireland, 
reiterated government .charges 
at the weekend that Libya has 
been supporting the IRA for 
several years. 

“When Gadaffi's head of 
the secret service boasts ‘we 
sustain the IRA', that's no idle 
claim. His oil money, his 
Army, his training camps, all 
hare played their pan," he 
said in a statement Mr King 
said the total sum provided to 
the IRA was not known, 

US victim 

home body 
of hostage 

Frankfurt (AP) — The body 
of Peter Kilbum. the Ameri- 
can hostage kilted in Lebanon, 
was flown to the United States 
yesterday from the Rhein- 
Main US Air Force Base, a 
military spokesman said. 

The body left on beard a 
C14I for Andrews .Air Force 
Base in Maryland. Kilbum, 
aged 62, from San Francisco, 
was found shot dead with two 
British teachers on Thursday. 

European talks 

West Germans fly out 

Cairo offer to aid 
Tripoli evacuation 

Colonel Gadaffi’s son, Kami*- aged three, who was injured in 
the US air raid on Libya, recovering in a Tripoli hospital. 

Eg> pt has told European 
countries it will help evacuate 
any of their nationals who 
want to leave Libya by land, 
diplomats and Eg>ptian offi- 
cials said in Cairo yesterday. 

A special flight to Frankfurt 
b> a West German Lufthansa 
DC10 at the weekend brought 
276 people out of Libya, some 
of the first foreigners to leave 
the country since Tuesday’s 
US air raid. 

The Egyptian diplomats 
said that help with evacuation, 
sought amid uncertainty fol- 
lowing the air raids, would not 
be needed so long as commer- 
cial or charter flights were 
operating from Tripoli. 

Sweden. Switzerland and 
Italy were among countries 
which held exploratory talks 
about opening the border, 
closed since a war between 
Egypt and Libya in l<*77, in 
case overland evacuation was 
required, they said. 

Many of those who arrived 
in Frankfun on the DC 10 
v.-ere West German women 
with children. They and some 
of the resuming men who were 
employed by Wes; German 
firms in Libya said they were 
relieved 10 be home but would 
return once the political situa- 
tion calmed. 

Meanwhile, a second group 
of Americans has been evacu- 
ated from Sudan 10 Kenya. 


By Our Foreign Staff 

bringing to nearly 300 
number of US citizens airlift- 
ed from Khartoum, _ 

The Americans, mainly de- 
pendents of US diplomats and 
non-essential embassy staff, 
were ordered IQ teve Khar- 
toum by the State Department 
in Washington because of 
fears for the safety of US 
citizens after an embassy com- 
munications officer was snot 
in the Sudanese capital on 
Wednesday. Some Britons 
and Canadians also joined the 

The US Embassy in Mexico 
City has dosed its visa-dis- 
pensing consular section, 
prompting the typically anti- 
American local press to de- 
clare that the US was shutting 
its borders 10 Mexicans. 

However, an embassy 
spokesman said the closure 
was a security measure to 
protea the embassy itself. 

In Spain, police yesterday 
defused a bomb planted on a 
windowsill of a building in 
Bilbao where the Spanish-US 
Cultural Association was 

Police said that they re- 
ceived an anonymous tele- 
phone call saying that a bomb 
would explode in a few- min- 
utes ai the “Aznar” building, 
which was once an American 
consulate. The bomb was 

Riddle of minister’s visit 

Crackdown by Italy 

Police pull red carpet away Craxi tells of curbs on 

* envoys with terror ties 

Official tonr of damage 

Gadaffi’s Navy denies existence 
of devastated military target 

'■ F^WttftqbertFMc 

Just next to the Stdi Bilal 
Naval Academy is a high 
concrete wall surmounted by a 
concertina of double barbed 
wire. The wall snakes untidily, 
up from the seashore, adjacent 
to a bumpy road, and comes 
to an end beside a gateway 
where fiveyotnig men in jeans 
and combat jackets hold auto- 
matic rifles. 

In one corner of the inner 
compound, a man-watches the 
scene through binoculars. Be- 
hind him, an old cement 
house has been devastated by 
an explosion. The tall building 
beside H has had a massive 
hole punched in its roof The 
German teacher at the naval 
academy next door says it was 
an underwater diving scbooL 
He has never entered the 
complex because; he says, it is 
a "restricted area”. But it's not 
to bombs: here is one military 
target the Americans did hit 
last week. 

Not that we were supposed 
to realize that yesterday. Liby- 
an Government officials had 
taken correspondents to see 
the damage to the adjoining 
naval academy. The 200ft- 
long accommodation block, 
officers' club, bathrooms, 
gymnasium, swimming pool, 
and part of the medical centre 
had been smashed to pieces in 
the American air attack — a 
raid which started fires so 
intense that walls and road- 
ways had been twisted in the 

Two naval cooks, allegedly 
preparing breakfast when the 
Americans came — at two m 
the morning — were killed 
there, according to a naval 
officer. The accommodation 
block had been empty be- 
cause, so the officers said, the 

Libyans examining parts of US bombs found near Tripoli 
airport. Three nnexplodfid bombs were being detonated 
yesterday. Three people were injured alien what Libya says 
was a delayed-action US bomb exploded at the weekend, 
he had not been there. The naval officer. 

teachers were' forbidden to 
enter the area. 

“Underwater diving 
school?” asked the laughing 
naval officer. “I have never 
hand of such a place. You 
must- write the truth and 
repeat only the truth. That is 
my personal opinion, if you do 
not mind me telling you." We 
looked across at the wall with 
its barbed wire and we could 
see the man with binoculars. 
He was watching us. 

Officially, the' casualty toll 
at the academy was two dead 
and 15 wounded. No figures, 
of course, were given for the 
dead in the m Hilary installa- 
tion on the other ride of the 
wall, the complex which ap- 
peared to be invisible to the 

What exactly was the 
walled-off complex which had 
been bombed, we asked a 
government official “It is 
nothing,” be replied. 

cadets had been moved away 
as there was no anti-aircraft 
defence system at the base in 
the event of an air attack. 

We were invited to inspect 
the mins, some of which 
appeared to have been tom 
apart by internal explosions. 

We were urged to enter the 
naval academy's undamaged 
language laboratory where stu- 
dents practised English. 

In one classroom, we found 
Mr Hartwig Looft from Stutt- 
gart teaching science to a class 
of blue-uniformed cadets. 

The visit of a Libyan minis- 
ter to Athens over the weekend 
has caused the Greek Govern- 
ment acute embarrassment, 
but neither side has so far 
offered a convincing explana- 
tion of the purpose of the 
an usual trip. 

Mr Ahmet Shahati, Libya’s 
Deputy Foreign Minister, who 
flew in to a cordial red-carpet 
welcome here on Thursday, 
left for home on Saturday after 
being practically confined to 
his hold room under Greek 
police guard and then escorted 
to the airport by tire Greek 
Public Order Minister. 

Earlier, a Greek statement 
said that the Libyan, daring a 
one-hour meeting on Friday 
with Mr Andreas Papaodreou, 


60 held in 
UK rallies 
against US 

By Our Foreign Staff 

More than 60 people were 
arrested in Britain yesterday 
when mainly Muslim and left- 
wing demonstrators rallied 
throughout Europe in opposi- 
tion to the US raids on Libya. 

About 300 demonstrators 
marched to the US Embassy 
in Grosvenor Square in cen- 
tral London and were joined 
by 1,000 more from a Hands 
Off Libya demonstration. 

In Garistedt, near Bremen 
in West Germany, police used 
water cannon to disperse dem- 
onstrators blocking a US 
Army barracks. 

Thousands of West Ger- 
mans took pan on Saturday in 
anti-US demonstrations, with 
a claimed 40,000 inarching on 
the Embassy in Bonn. 

Shouting "Reagan ass- 
assin", several bandied dem- 
onstrators marched through 
Brussels yesterday. They car- 
ried pictures of Colonel 
Gadaffi, and denounced Mr 
Reagan and Mrs Thatcher as 
child murderers. 

Fifty-eight of those arrested 
in Britain were demonstrators 
at RAF St Mawean, near New- 
quay, Cornwall where the 
perimeter wire fence was cut. 

Six campaigners were ar- 
rested by Ministry of Defence 
police inside the base at 
Lakeuheath, Suffolk, after 
paint was sprayed. 

From Mario Modiano, Athens 

the Greek Prime Minister, 
had asked that the Enropean 
Community should establish 
contact with the two shies in 
the crisis to seek a peaceful 
solution, premising Tripoli's 
fall co-operation. 

Mr ShahatFs executive jet 
developed some technical fault 
30 mfmues after retting off for 
Tripoli and returned to Ath- 
ens. Evading Greek police 
surveillance, he addressed a 
hastily convened press confer- 
ence at 1 am to deny indig- 
nantly that he had ever asked 
for Mr Papandreon's or the 
Community's mediation. 

The press conference was 
then broken up by the police, 
who escorted Mr Shahati 
forcibly to his room, while 

outraged journalists scuffled 
with the police amid over- 
turned tables and firing glass. 
The Greek Government later 
said it had acted out of concern 
for the Libyan's safety. 

Mr Shahati told reporters 
as he left the hotel for the 
airport on Saturday that he 
was grateful to the Athens 
Government for having pro- 
tected his life so thoroughly. 
He said Libyan children in- 
jured during the VS air raids 
would be sent to Greek hospi- 
tals for treatment 

New Democracy, the con- 
servative main opposition par- 
ty, attacked the Government 
for “holding Greece up to 
ridicule" by breaking np the 
press conference. 

From Peter Nichols, Rome 

This week should see the 
introduction of sterner mea- 
sures by '.he Italians against 
the personnel of embassies 
representing countries here 
which shew sympathy and 
tolerance toward terrorism. 

Signor Betiino Craxi, Prime 
Minister, said on Saturday 
that he envisaged a reduction 
in the number of diplomats 
belonging to these countries, 
limitations on their move- 
ments and a more severe 
check before granting visas. 

“We must have guarantees 
that diplomatic activities do 
not conceal other activ- 
ities,''he said. 

He confirmed that he had 

advised the Americans against 
taking military action, but it 
was Colonel Gadaffi. he said, 
who set off the Gulf of Sirte 
clash with his irresponsible act 
of firing missiles at the Ameri- 
can Sixth Fleet. 

He added that there was no 
question of Italian weakness 
towards terrorism. 

Italy had no intention of 
making an attack or support- 
ing one against Libya. But 
when Libya launched two 
missiles last week against the 
Italian island of Lampedusa. 
Signor Craxi’s administration 
was forced to order the de- 
fence of national territory “at 
every point” 

The Berlin ‘bomb factory’ 

Platform for the diplomatic terrorist 

From Roger Boyes 

Friday, 4pm, and so 
i with mast offices in 

riia T ihvao 

Rnlmz Libyan secu- 
opened the door, 
with a poster de- 
jie “snake venom 
rated States, and 
that the weekend 

st Genua# polk*- 

[menu watched the 
nth interest and as 
ang - as spritety as 
^Piccadilly 7 * 
nctures for a 1®**" 
ssier in an nanam- 

iy. . j, 

st German aan*» 

tfch intelligence be- 
he bureau, a green- 
eoucrete bl ock ne ar 
in zoo, exeteog®* 

sages with Tripoli tannediate- 
Kr before and after the 
bombing of a West Berlin 
discotheque which killed two 
people, indnding an American 
serviceman, and injured 60 

more. The blast triggered the 
US attack od Libya. 

Western diplomats call die 
Bureau the bomb factory, or at 
least a bomb depot. The West 
Germans - who warned Soviet 
and East German officials 
about die Dkelihood of an 
assault on Americans on 
March 27, nine days before 

the discotheque was bombed — 

believed that the East Berlin 
mission may have also been 
linked with two other terrorist 
attacks- The Libyans deny 

The key » the “bomb 
factory” thesis — which until 
the intercepted details are 
disclosed had to be _ taken 
largely on . trust — is tire 
peculiar status of Berlin. It is 

er to slip undetected from East 
to West. 

If the bombers had diplo- 
matic immunity, crossing the 
border was simply a matter of 
entering a large glass hall, not 
unlike a school eymnasunu, 
finked to the Friednchstrasse 
monteiple railway station, 
passing without luggage 
checks through a narrow chan- 
nel, flashing a passport and 
mounting the .train, the S~ 
Bate, on the far side. 

From that point one Is 
effectively in the West. Even 
without diplomatic immunity 
it is a straightforward matter 
to queue with the jostling East 
German pensioners as they 
prepare to cross the border to 
meet their relatives. 

West Berlin, then, is a top 
target; its targe American 
population exposed to oross- 
- border ffy-by-nights who can 
bring in plastic explosives or 
W gnus with Utile fern* of 
defection; certainly none of the 

risks that are associated with 
passing through airports. 

The Western. side is now 
tightening security as best it 
can. American soldiers and 
their dependants have been 
pot under midnight curfew. 

West German polk* now 
patrol the platforms of the S- 
Bate stations te the West and 
check the documents of the 
swarthy-tooklng travellers. An 
anti-American demonstration 
last Saturday drew a huge 
police deployment around the 
American Library in West 

On the Eastern side of the 
dty, Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, 
the visiting Kremlin leader, 
was lucky to get by on a 
fraction of that security. The 
East Germans seemed to be as 
worried as the West about the 
possibility of the Libyans 
using their territory as a 
springboard for terrorism, but 
can do tittle. 



Once more, for the worlds most distinctive beer, 
a most distinctive honour. 















Poisoned by greed 

Police believe that a 
huge EEC fraud may 
h ave been behind the 
Italian wine scandal 
that has killed 2 1 and is 
set to cost a fortune 
in lost exports 

A plan to defraud the EEC may have 
been behind the Italian wine poison- 
ing <K*nda L which last week saw seven 
people charged with murder and fresh 
arrests. After a series of raids on 
distilleries and wine merchants in the 
Puglia region, police now believe that 
a conspiracy existed to provide grow- 
ers with an artificial excess of wine, for 
which they would be conpensated 
under EEC rules. 

They believe the plan was called off 
after a Puglian wine merchant de- 
nounced the existence of the racket 
last December to a meeting of local 
distillers. It was at this point that a 
group of unscrupulous businessmen 
and wine blenders allegedly decided to 
sell the methanol-polluted wine for 
human consumption. 

The investigators do not rule out the 
possibility that some compliant distill- 
ers may have collaborated in the 
conspiracy, and that large amounts of 
compensation may already have been 
paid. | 

The countrv's wine producers are 
still reeling from the shock of the 
scandal which has so far caused the 
deaths of at least 21 people and 
irreparably damaged the health of 
hundreds more. Vimners are polluting 
entire rivers in the wine-growing north 
with millions of litres of suspected 
cheap table wine. The River Tanaro, 
which runs through the vine-covered 
hills of Piedmont where Barbera, one 
of Italy's finest wines, is produced, 
flowed blood red for two days earlier 
this month. Last Friday the health 
authorities in Venice prohibited fish- 
ing in the nearby River Piave because 
tests showed that fish had absorbed 
dangerous quantities of methanol 
from the Veneto white wines. 


It is predicted that exports 
will drop by 75 per cent 

Fewer than a dozen people acquired 
and marketed 260 tonnes of methanol 
which fortified the alcoholic content of 
the equivalent of 30 million one-litre 
bottles of wine. The three most recent 
arrests are of wine merchants in the 
Treviso area, charged with possessing 
wine containing 20 per cent methanoL 
Previous levels have been no more 
than five per cent, already considered 
deadly and between 15 and 20 times 
the amount permitted under EEC 
regulations. .As news of the scandal 
spreads internationally, the prospects 
for Italy's wine industry dwindle. 
Experts are predicting a drop in export 
sales of up to 75 per cent over the next 
few years, causing overall losses of one 
billion lire (£435 million). 

Yet wine growers are finally begin- 
ning to admit that pan of the reason 
for the scandal is their passive 
acceptance of a series of malpractices. 

Piedmont, in the north eastern 
comer of Italy, in the shadow of the 
French Alps, is perhaps hit hardest by 
the scandal The gentle, rolling hills 
around Asti and Alba produce Italy's 
finest and most prestigious reds — 
.Asti Spumame. Barolo and Barbera. 

Since the scandal broke almost a 
month ago, the name Barbera has 
become irredeemably associated with 
the first three official victims of the 
tragedy, who had drunk bottles of 

Police check wine labels in a Rome supermarket 

cheap wine, labelled Barbera, bought 
at a Milan supermarket Ironically the 
bottlesalmos! certainly had no trace of 
real Barbera or Piedmont wine. 

“The feet is”, said Professor Ussglio 
Tomasset, director of the Italian 
Experimental Wine Research Institute 
in Asti and one of Italy's leading wine 
experts. “Piedmont sells more than 
twice the amount of wine it actually 
grows and produces.” He told and 
informal meeting of Barbera wine 
growers in a schoolroom in the tiny 
hill village of Roatto: **We all know 
perfectly well that many wine mer- 
chants and blenders put additives in 
their so-called wine, but we keep quiet 
about it and in so doing are helping to 
ruin the reputation of the genuine 
wine we work so hard to produce. ” 

The problem, he explained, is that 
there is no effective policing of the rule 
that no more than 15 per cent of wine 
from one region can be added to that 
of another. Permission to add up to 1 5 
per cent of “extra-territorial” wine is 
perfectly valid, and is practised by 
other wine-producing countries, such 
as France. 

Wine dealers have, however, consis- 
tently abused the 15 per cent rule, 
seeking to exploit such prestigious 
names as Barbera, Barolo. Valpoli cella 
and Soave by adding massive quanti- 
ties of southern Italian wines, which 
contain a high alcoholic content 

Often, the southern wines added to 
ihe northern table product consist 
mainly of water, sugar, and other 
additives. Sometimes no wine is 
added at alL But even sugar costs 
money, and the idea of using methanol 
to boost the alcohol level probably 
goes back to July 1984 when the excise 
tax on methanol was abolished. 
Suddenly there was an extremely 
cheap alternative to sugar or ordinary 

The original intention of the metha- 
nol adulterators, according to the 
investigators working on the case, was 
probably to add only a small quantity, 
which would not kill, but which would 
at most marginally affect the eyesight 
or nervous system of the drinker. 

The Milan-based investigating mag- 
istrate in charge of the case. Dr Alberto 
Nobili. is convinced that he has 

arrested — , «, — . — , _ . 

methanol to four large wine dealers m 
Puglia, Emilia-Romagna and Pied- 

The six arrested methanol dealers 
ordered the substance from legally 
registered distillers by clai mi ng to be 
authorized chemical companies. 
Judge Nobili has established that 
distribution started on Decamber 12 
and stopped on March 10 this year. 

At least one of the 14 men so for ar- 
rested. Giovanni Ciravegna from 
Narzole in Piedmont, already had a 
long bistory of wine adulteration. Last 
December the Piedmont wine anti- 
fraud squad asked the mayor of 
Narzole to suspend Ciravenga's busi- 
ness licence because of an adulteration 
case which they had just investigated. 
The mayor — himself a wine mer- 
chant. in a town with a population of 
3.500, 200 of whom run wine busi- 
nesses — did nothing. Last week 
charges against Ciravegna and his son 
Daniels were changed from man- 
slaughter to murder. 

The four main adulterators distrib- 
uted the poisoned wine to a second 
level of wine dealers who. though they 
may not have been aware of the nature 
of the poison in the wine, certainly 
knew from the extremely low cost that 
it was adulterated. These medium size 
firms then distributed the wine, often 
with their own labels, to supermarkets, 
exporters or other small dealers. 

The Italian government is now 
saying that everything is under con- 
trol and that though, some rogue 
bonks may still be on sale, the worst is 


Only last week a boy, aged 
three, was in hospital 

There is little evidence of this 
confidence amongst ordinary Italians. 
In .Asti yesterday the owner of one of 
the town's finest restaurants com- 
plained that almost none of his 
customers were drinking his wines, 
which are amongst the best from the 
region and totally untainted. “Many of 
these people are old friends”, he said. 
“I feel personally insulted and of- 
fended by their lack of trust” 

The hardest hit are the respectable 
dealers. Giovanni Carnevali's family 
have been blending the best Barbera 
wines for almost 100 years. “This 
disaster has done a vast amount of 
damage to the reputation of wines, 
which are amongst the finest in 
Europe. This affair has shattered us. 
Inevitably one begins to think ‘what if 
somehow somebody sold me tainted 
wineT. Unfortunately wc have been 
forced to ask our diems — many of 
them old family friends — to write out 
certificates stating that their wine is 

Despite government attempts to 
issue daily lists of suspected wine 
companies, some people appear un- 
aware of the danger. Last week in 
A versa, in southern Italy, a family of 
four, including a three-year-old boy. 
were in hospital after drinking wine 
adulterated with methanoL 

“What worries me most", said an 
analyst in Asti yesterday, “is the 
number of people who may have died 
of methanol poisoning without it ever 
having been properly diagnosed. The 
first three victims were only diagnosed 
as dying of methanol poisoning be- 
cause they died within the same few 
days at the same hospitaL It is now 
known that at least three other 
methanol victims were registered as 
dying for other reasons. And even 
more worrying: how many people 
have been permanently injured by the 
poison without realizing?” 

Dalbert Hallenstein 

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One hi every eight bottles of 
wine drunk in Britain comes 
from Italy, the biggest wine 
producer in the world. Italy 
produces more than a fifth of 
the world's wine, but two- 
thirdsof this is drunk at borne. 
Italians have the most prodi- 
gious consumption of table 
wine of any nation in the 
world, though nowadays they 
drink an annnal average of 
less than 90 litres per bead, 
where a decade ago the aver- 
age was 1 10 litres. It is stilL at 
120 bottles per head a year, 
about 10 times as much as the 
average Briton. 

Italy's attitude to wine has 
been described by Britain's 
leading authority, Hugh John- 
son, as “alarmingly casual”, 
and the country has been a 
notorious source of great wine 
scandals. The previous worst 
case involved 770,000 gallons 
of fake wine seized by the 
authorities in 1966. It had 
been made with a mixture of 
tap water, sugar, ox blood, 
pigeon droppings, chemicals 
and the sludge from banana 
boats. But despite some 30 
arrests, the case never came to 
court. When the trial was due 
It was found that the prime 
exhibit, the 770,000 gallons of 
wine weighing 3,125 tons, had 
completely disappeared. In its 
place die police found pure 
water, and the prosecution was 

Methyl alcohol (methanol), 
the lethal additive at the centre 
of the present case, occurs 
naturally in wine in small 
amounts, and is easily detected 
in analysis. But the permissi- 
ble level varies from country to 
country, and Britain has never 
set one. Nor does wine law 
anywhere require the publica- 
tion of detailed analyses of 
whai is actually in wine offered 
for sale. 

EEC laws allow the follow- 
ing additives: potassium tar- 

Ox blood and pigeon 
droppings led to the 
last big wine scandal 

trate, potassium bicarbonate 
or chalk to deacklify sour 
grape juice in north European 
wines; tartaric acid or citric 
acid to improve Savour and 
longevity in Mediterranean 
wines; sugar to increase alco- 
holic strength in French wines, 
or concentrated grape most in 
Italian wines; and in wines of 
all countries sulphur as a 
preservative, cultured yeasts 
to control fermentation, and 
chemicals to feed the yeasts, to 
precipitate tartaric acid, to 
reduce the level of sulphides, 
or to produce fizz. The makers 
are also permitted to water 
wine to to dissolve solid 

Permissible treatments in- 
clude applications of dried 
blood powder, sturgeon's air 


Italy’s attitude is 
"alarmingly casual’ 

bladders, potass ram ferrocya- 
ntde, gelatine, casein, egg 
white, silicoH dioxide, benton- 
ite, kaolin, tunaan. or acacia 
gum to dear the wine: centri- 
fuging and filtration to dear 
and stabilize it: refrigeration 
to prevent the formation of 
cry stals; and pasteurization. 

The EEC also sets careful 
rules about the wording, order 
and type size of information on 
wine labels. For Italian wines 
the wine name, its category, 
the producer or bottler's name 
and place of bottling, the 
volume and proportion of alco- 
hol by volume are obligatory. 

Italian wine production is 

theoretically governed by the 
national and regional authori- 
ties in compliance with Euro- 
pean Economic Community 
policy. If exported, the wine 
and label are also supposed to 
meet the standards set by the 
importing nation. The legal 
details are increasingly com- 
plicated, and producers com- 
plain that bureaucracy has 
made hbeffing burdensome. 

Italy has a four-fere! system 
of classifying wine, bat only 
one category, applying to bare- 
ly a tenth of production, is in 
fell effect The detwmmazhne 
di origuut controData (DOC) is 
an approximate equivalent of 
France's Appellations Coat- 
roUes, but DOCs (determined 
by local producers) have been 
granted to many areas produc- 
ing poor wines of no more than 
local interest By contrast 
many of Italy's finest wines 
can only be called rino da 
tarola, a description which 
might equally apply to the 
worse than mediocre. But then 
in France Grand Crn can mean 
anything or nothing; and 
“British Wine” is arguably 
neither British nor wine, being 
made from imported g rape 

The highest Italian wine 
category, detwmioazioae dx 
origtoe eontroUata e guraatita, 
bas only just come Into opera- 
tion and is barely effective. 
DOC and DOCG wines, under 
Common Market rales, are 
supposed to pass chemical and 
taste analysis before being 
sold. Nonetheless some of the 
Italian wine contaminated 
with methanol was on sale, 
fraudulently, as DOC Barbera 
and Barolo, and detected not 
by the authorities but by an 
observant medical practitioner 
who connected the wine with 
his patient's death. 

Robin Young 

Why animal welfare calls 
for some human rights 

A friend indeed: Dr Broom believes that cows care, too 

Donald Broom is 

A fter 19 years as a 
research zoologist. Dr 
Donald Broom firmly 
believes that the behaviour of 
pnimpk is much more closely 
linked to that of humans than 
most of us realize — or 
possibly care to recognize. 

Cows, for example, popu- 
larly believed to be stoicly 
indifferent to their comrades, 
have been found by Broom to 
form clear-cut and long-last- 
ing relationships with other 
members of the herd, both on 
a friendly and antagonistic 

And isolated fin* 

long periods win exhibit the 
same sterotyped behaviour 
patterns as people m solitary 
confinement Broom intends 
to utilize much of the psycho- 
logical work done on human 
behaviour when he takes up 
his appointment in Septem- 
ber as the world's first profes- 
sor of animal welfare, based 
at Cambridge University. 

It is a hot seat in an area of 
high controversy and one 
which is likely, in the long 
run, to affect us afl. Caught 
between the conflicting lob- 
bies of the formers, politi- 
cians, anim al rights activists 
and members of the public, 
Broom intends to work pure- 
ly to produce scientific evi- 
dence aimed at improving 
the lot of animals. 

Possible indicators include 
measures of behaviour, 
physiology, health and sus- 
ceptibility to disease, rates of 
growth and reproductive effi- 
ciency. It is an area in which 
Broom is already working in 
his capacity as reader in pure 
and applied zoology at Read- 
ing University. At tire mo- 
ment his research is based 
mainly on form animals but 
now he will extend his inter- 
est to include zoo and labora- 
tory animals as well as wild 
animals and pets. 

He has been fascinated by 
animals ever since he was a 
child, bird-watching as a 

to become the 
world’s first 
professor of 
animal welfare 

hobby and spending his 
school holidays on a mend's 
form in Cornwall- He read 
natural sciences at Cam- 
bridge and then spent three 
years researching his doctor- 
ate in gniroal behaviour be- 
fore joining Reading 

His new appointment, 
funded by the Animal Wel- 
fare Foundation, an offshoot 
of the British Veterinary As- 
sociation. will demand a 
combination of academic 
enterprize and practical 

Many of his findings are 
likely to prove unpopular — 
especially among the forming 
communities Ever since in- 
tensive forming methods 
were widely introduced into 
Britain in the 1950s, farmers^ 
profits have depended upon 
mass production, frequently 
at the expense of the animals 

“If you rear animals in a 
way which helps calves or 
piglets to survive then obvi- 
ously that is good for both 
their welfare and for die 
former who wants his ani- 
mals to survive for both 
mnoral and commercial, 
reason”, says Broom. “The 
same is generally true in the 
case at milk production 
where the interests of the 
animals and the formers coin- 
cide. But that is not always 
the case. 

“If you overcrowd chick- 
ens. calves and sows then you 
get behavioural and physio- 
logical problems as well as 
susceptibility to disease. And 
if it is decided that some 
alternative system is better 

for their welfare it is likely 
that it will cost the farm er 
more to produce his eggs or 

Faced with having to pay 
for their humane beliefs, he 
nonetheless believes that the 
public would accept the nec- 
essary 15-20 percent increase 
in the cost of some of their 
form products^ 

At the moment attitudes 
to animal welfare vary 
throughout Europe with the 
British. German. Swiss, 
Swedish and Dutch more j 
concerned and in favour of 
legislation than the French, 
Italians and Spanish. 

B ut even in this country 
eggs selling as “free 
range” are frequently 
produced in conditions 
winch Broom describes with 
typical understatement as 
“not particularly good. 

“I think most farmers are 
aware of welfare issues and 
would prefer to be able to 
keep their animals in a way 
which would be better for 
their welfare. Box in some 
cases they don't know what 
would be better and they are 
afraid of losing their 

He stresses that it is not his . 
job to pass moral judgements * 

on the uses to which animals 
are put but merely to im- 
prove the way they are treat- 
ed. But he admits that "he 
would like to see a reduction 
in the number of animals 
used in laboratory research 
and an endvto white veal 
production altogether. 

“The evidence that the 
methods used to rear calves 
for the production of white 
veal are bad for their welfare 
is very dear cut," he says. 

And he feels that while zoos 
have an important education- 
al function, it is one which 
could be adequately served 
with considerably fewer such 

Sally Brampton * 


What’s eating 
The great 
food fetish 



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Laughter in the reign 

King Juan Carlos of Spain starts a visit 
to London tom orrow accompanied bv 
the vivacious gueen Sofia. She spoke 
to Douglas Keay in Madrid about the 
trip and her family ties with Britain 


aughter spjfls out 0 f 
the Queen of Spain at 
the end of practically 
■“ every sentence. She is 
vivacious, yet photographs 
almost invariably show her 
looking glum. 

She shares the same counte- 
nance at rimes of Queen 
Eli zab eth ■ II — they arc both 
direct descendants of Queen 
Victoria — and she admits: 
“When Fm listening to some- 
one making a speech my face 
goes glum. I can't help it I was 

{ ust born that way. And yet 
'm not glum at aDT 
. Que en Sofia spoke to me in 
a sitting room of herprivate 
apartments at the Zarzuela 
Palace, outside Madrid. The 
walls- are a striking pistachio 
green — “there is an ice cream 
the same colour” - with a 
dropped ceiling that concealed 
the subdued lighting. 

“Tbe rest of the palace is 
much more conservative. 
“Wood-panelled", said the 
Queen. She said “wood- 
paneDed” as though the very 
words implied deep sobriety, 
and she laughed. 

Queen Sofia's accent is as 
appealing as her bubbling 
sense of humour. She was 
born a Greek Princess, and 
has also lived in South Africa 
and Egypt She speaks Span- 
ish* English, Greek, and Ger- 
man — “with perhaps a little 
French**. At 48 she is still one 
of the most attractive mem- 
bers of the large famil y of 
European royalty, some reign- 
ing, some in exile, some in- 
waiting. but all related to one 

This week's State visit to 
Britain is the first by a King 
and Queen of Spain since 
King Alfonso XTTI was the 
guest of Edward VH 81 years 
ago. But both Juan Carlos arid 
Sofia make frequent visits to 
Britain — “it is like a second 
home”. Queen Sofia is very 
dose to her brother, ex-King 
Constantine of Greece, who 
lives in Hampstead wkh bis 
wife and their three children. 

If possible, the. Queen 
would rove tp be_at. Westmin- 
ster Abbey Tor Prince 
Andrew's wedding. She has 
met the Prince only twice — 
once when he was a child, and 
more recently at the wedding 
of Princess Marie Astrid of. 

Family ties mean a great 
deal to the Queen. She con- 
fesses she is not good at 
writing letters, but she uses tbe 
phone a lot to keep in touch 
with her relatives in Britain 
and around Europe. 

Queen Sofia’s immediate 
family is very close. Her own 
life story and that of King 
Juan Carlos already contains 
enough adventure, romance 
and political intrigue to attract 
Hollywood producers. 

Sofia was just two years old 
when the Germans invaded 

Greece in 1940. forcing her 
. parents. Prince Paul and Prin- 
cess Frcderilca, to seek refbge 
in Sooth Africa. She returned 
at the age of eight, crossing the 
Mediterranean m a n aval 
destroyer from Alexandria to 
a country of which she had no 
memory. Her parents became 
king and queen in 1947. Her 
father died when Sofia was 27, 
and ber mother eventually 
went to live in India to study 

“It was a disturbed child- 
hood, but it was a wonderful 
childhood too. .We had a 
marvellous Scottish nanny — 
we called her nursie — who 
was tike a mother to us. She is 
70 now and lives in England, 
but we still keep m touch. We 
hope to go and visit her when 
we come over.” 

The King’s childhhood was 
even . more traumatic. IBs 
grandfather. King Aifbnos, 
had abdicated in 1931, but 
when Franco looked for an 
heir to m aintain his authori- 
tarian regime he ch os e tbe 
grandson of Alfonso rather 
than the ex-King’s son, Don 
J uan 

Sofia met ber husband for 
tbe first time when Juan 
Carlos accepted an invitation 
from Sofia’s parents to join 
them on a Mediterranean 
cruise: She was 15, be was 2 1 
months older. However, ro- 
mance did not blossom until 
seven years later when they 
both came to England as 
guests at the Duke of Kent's 
wedding. “We were alone. We 
were without our parents, and 
we more or Jess got engaged in 

»ou!d go down ir. history as 
"Juan the Brier. Bui the 
Spanish joke about himself 
that Juan Carlos really appre- 
ciates goes iike this: "Why was 
Juan Carlos crowned in a 
submarine 0 Because deep 
down he isn’t stupid.” 

From the moment he be- 
came King he worked steadily 
and cleverly towards his ambi- 
tion of cresting a modem 
constitutional monarchy. His 
wife, who had just seen her 
own brother toppled from the 
throne of Greece just a year 
earlier, was wholeheartedly 
behind her husband in his 

Just two (fays after her 
installation as Queen. Sofia 
returned to Madrid Universi- 
ty to continue her studies in 
contemporary humanities, 
mixing with other students. 

“I was very nervous about 
doing it”, she said, “but 1 
knew 1 had :o break the ice 
immediately or it would have 
been more difficult later on.” 

Queen Sofia of Spain: her life story mutum* enough romance to attract Hollywood 

S he saysfActually, my 
parents had never 
thought of my marry- 
ing into the Spanish 
royal family. For one thing, 
there was the difference in onr 
countries* religions — Roman 
Catholic . and Greek 

.That " particular problem 
was solved when Juan 
Carlos's grandmother. Queen 
Fna, travelled — at the age of 
70 — to Rome tor ask the 
Pope’s blessing’ on a double 
ceremony. The couple were 
married in 1962 — Princess 
Alexandra was a bridesmaid — 
and took up residence in the 
Zarzuela Palace, ; a former 
hunting lodge which Franco 
had put at Juan Carlos’s 
disposal two years earlier. 

Franco himself lived just 
five minutes away, at El 
Prado, but the two households 
were completely independent 
In those days most people, 
including the majority of 
Spaniards, believed that Juan 
Carlos was completely under 
the thumb of Franco and that 
following the. dictator's death 
his protege would rule Spain 
in a snnilarty autocratic man- 
ner. In. public and in official 

circles he sometimes gave the 
impression of being somewhat 
dull, given to muscle building 
rather than brain 

“The trouble was that dur- 
ing ail the years he was Irving 
here with Franco, how could 
he say anything of what he 
really thought? He 2zad to say 
nothing. And - so everyone 
thought be was not very 

Juan Carlos and Sofia took 
strength and comfort from 
each other and led their lives 
as privately as possible. No 
one, not even a maid or police 
officer, accompanied them on 
their four — month long 
honeymoon. Everything was 
arranged through a travel 
agency. Towards the end, 
passing through London on 
the way back to Madrid, Sofia 
told reporters: “I only wish it 
could have lasted for ever.” 

Today, the King and Queen 
still protect their privacy. 
Although the small Zarzuella 
Palace contains several of- 
fices, ah the staff go home at 
the end of the day, leaving 
only an ADC in residence. 

One wing of the Palace is 
occupied by the King and 
Queen. On the other side of 
the original 200 year old 
building there is another wing, 
specially built for their three 
children, daughters Elena and 
Cristina, and their youngest 
child, 18-year-old Felipe, 

Prince of the Asturias and heir 
to the Throne. 

Felipe, a keen astronomer 
who also likes riding motorcy- 
cles. is at present training in 
the military academy. This 
will be followed by spells with 
the navy and the airforce. 

H is mother told me: 
“We have asked 
that he be treated 
like anyone else as 
far as possible. When he 
doesn’t get up in time for 
morning inspection then he 
gets arrested. Of course.” And 
has that happened? “It has 
happened just once,” replied 
die Queen, wagging a finger 

and laughing . 

Bene, at 22 tbe eldest of the 
three children, finishes a 
teacher training course this 
year while Cristina, 21 in 
June, is studying political 
science at Madrid University. 

Queen Sofiahopes both her 
daughters would take up jobs 
at tbe end of their studies — 
“they would certainly be al- 
lowed to". Similarly there 
would be no problem about 
their marrying outside royal 
circles. The same would apply 
to the heir to the throne when 
he came to choose a wife and 
future Queen. 

“All we ask is that they 
many someone who is nice, 
who will look after them, and 
is a decent person. It would 

not matter if they had titles or 
not, though I think they 
should have the same son of 
educational background.” 

With the exception of 
Prince Felipe while be is away, 
tbe whole family lives together 
in the palace and invariably 
meets up at mealtimes, “be- 
cause sometimes that is the 
only time we have a chance of 
seeing one another” 

Each morning everyone 
rises at 8.30 and breakfasts 
together between nine and 
nine-thirty, discussing wbat’s 
in that morning's newspapers 
before going their separate 
ways: the King and Queen to 
offices and audiences, the 
daughters to college. 

After Franco’s death 11 
years ago. Juan Carlos was- 
prodaimed King within two 
days. But few thought he 
would reign for long. One 
politician prophesised that he 

A nother deliberate ac- 
tion was to have all 
three of her children 
educated at a local 
day school — the Queen used 
to run them to classes herself. 
But the Spanish people were 
use! to the rigid conservatism 
of Dona Carmen Polo Franca 
who always kept her distance, 
and it has taken them a little 
ume to adjust to a Queen who 
goes on royal walkabouts, who 
plays a very active pan in 
helping mentally and physi- 
cally subnormal children, and 
who is often photographed 
skiing, or sailing with her 

“The reinstatement of the 
monarchy really surprised me. 
because nobody thought it 
would come back. It was over 
40 years, after all, since there 
had’ been a king Of course, 
one never knows what is going 
to happen next. I think the 
attraction is in having some- 
one at the head who is not 
involved in politics. Who is 
there for all Spaniards.” 

Although the King no long- 
er has any political power, his 
influence and popularity with 
most Spaniards is immensely 
strong. But always, they are 
surrounded by many guards — 
in 1981. the King twice avert- 
ed military coups. 

In the course of her life. 
Queen Sofia has had to face 
several contingencies and dan- 
gers. And tbe new monarchy 
in Spain Is only just over ten 
years old. Bui as Queen Sofia 
says, with a smile of course: “I 
am an optimist” 

Qnm— Mww ip a pf m. tarn 

Special Report on Spain 
Pages 27 - 31 

Women adrift in 
manual labour 

A friend has been giving me 
advice about my careen she 
thinks I should apply to a 
maker of some kind of baf- 
fling technological machinery 
and offer to write die insnuo 
lion manual for him- 

I reminded ber that I am 
tbe soman who, when handed 
a cassette and asked to put it 
in the tape-deck of a car, tried 
to slide it into the ashtray. 
She said that that is «hat she 
meant. Since my life is com- 
posed of a fight to tbe death 
with inanimate objects (and a 
few animate ones too, for that 
matter) I would never be so 
presumptuous as to think that 
somebody who wanted to 
learn how to operate a wash- 
ing-machine already knew 
bow to do it. 

This is tbe assumption that 
all writers of explanatory 
literature make. In fact, this 
is tbe assumption that every- 
one makes when they possess 
a skill that yon don't. People 
who have no difficulty remov- 
ing tbe innards of a vacuum- 
cleaner produce instruction 
manuals where all the illus- 
trations look like bits of 
exotic jewellery designed by 
Andrew Logan. 

When one has absolntely 
no sense of direction, it is 
ridiculous to be told “You 
can’t wi« it” I have missed 
the Mona Lisa, the Bridge of 
Sighs and the Frick museum 
all because 1 was directed to 
all three by people who conld 
hate found their » my to the 
right place in their sleep. 

One of the problems Is that, 
the world being tbe way it is, 
most instructions are written 
by men and have to be 
interpreted by women. Men 
become familiar with man- 
uals from an early age. as 
soon as they glne together 
their first balsa wood model 
plane, in fact. Women are 
denied this early training as 
Barbie dolls and my Little 
Pony don't come with instruc- 
tions on how to play with 
them; yon are just supposed to 
know. And “knowing” is what 
women are good aL They can 
cm out dresses without using 
a paper pattern and follow 
cookery books that state 
vaguely “cook until done”, or 
“shape into medium sized 
balls.” It's supposed to be a 
question of trusting one’s 
riKtfnrft and men don't seem 
to have any to trust. 

They don't seem to have 
any memories either, which is 
why they are not as bitter as 
women when things fall apart. 
If you have forgotten all about 

the enchanted evenings, yon 
can't regret their passing. On 
tbe other hand, you can't 
match ap sofa cushions to the 





exact shade of tbe sitting- 
room curtains without weigh- 
ing yourself down with colour 

In an ideal world, there 
would be room for people who 
can construct an electronic 
door-opening device from a 
home-assembly kit and for 
those who can create a multi- 
layered vegetable terrine 
without having to refer to a 
recipe once. But as things 
stand, whatever skills you 
possess, you are expected to 
have the other kind. 

%The relaunch of the listings 
magazine Time Out — the 
once radical magazine -as a 
full-colour glossy aimed at the 
yuppie marlei merely under- 
lines a hat we have already 
know: the yuppie market is 
the only one there is. 

At a debate on a university 
campus recently, I saw just 
one beard and anorak — and 
the man wearing them was a 

member of the Monday Club. 
v all the < 

Mearly all the other students 
looked like advertisements for 
Benetton and wanted to work 
for McKinsey . 

When / went to the Arts 
Theatre, which is hardly 
yuppie territory. / was sur- 
rounded by clean-cut, beauti- 
fully-dressed young people 
smiling pearly little smiles at 
a play of John Godber's called 

It was all about how work- 
ing-class men drink them- 
selves silly on Friday nights 
and 1 found it very unfunny 
and. probably, very untrue. 
When 1 pul my point of view 
to a pair of mv favourite 
yuppies, they said that / hbd 
over-romantic notions about 
practically everything and 
that comparatively few people 

stayed at home on pay-night. 



stone cold sober and 

They ; knew this to be a fact 
because they had travelled 
north of Watford more than 
once — on marketing courses. 

A book out of the bushes 

Sally Brampton 

talks to a 


writer who has 

finally gone 

into print 

Sharman Macdonald’s tele- 
phone rang twice on the 
morning we met. The BBC 
wanted to hire her Edinburgh 
accent for a documentary 
about drugs; and Books and 
Bookmen wished to intoview 
her for its columns. Both calls 
pnwiM her for both mis s ed 
the point The BBC had 
forgotten that she gave up 
acting several years ago ana 
Books and Bookm en wa s not 
even aware that her first novel 
The Beast is published today. 

It is a delightful book based 
“all did sideways” on an 
actual day in her life, a picnic 
in Hampstead which Macdon- 
ald knew she would write 
about even before it hap- 
pened. Nothing unusual in 
that, she hastens to explain. 
She writes about everything. 

It took ber almost a year to 
finish the book, “sitting and 
staring at the forsythia and 
recalling* mainly on the front 
doorstep of the two-up two- 
down in south-west 
where she lives with Kf 

Knightley. and their wo chil- 
dren, Caleb, six, and Kara, 

Macdonald was progressing 
from children's theatre to 
fringe and workshop, eventu- 
ally appearing at tbe Royal 
Court and regularly on televi- 
sion “in various comedy stuff 
none of it remarkable". All the 
time she was writing: plays, 
short stories, fairy stories. 

Then one day the magic 
faded from the footlights. “] 
simply didn't want to act any 
more. The theatre seemed 
very dark. It seemed as if the 
light diminished every time 1 
went in there.” When the 
Bush accepted her play it 
provided her with the option 
she needed. 

She prefers writing to act- 

ing — “basically you're your 
\ She 

Booked out Shaman Ma cd o n a l d and da ughter Keira 

She has written compulsive- 
ly for as long as she am 
remember and the 
filled with her notebooks. 
There are two plays stuffed”; 
the bottom of lb? 
dresser which she safl basn 
shown to anyone. I « W 
bad at gening things out of foe 
house", she says. I 

bouse", sne 

telling myself Tve got to rate 
mysefr seriously but I don't 

It^was. her husband who 

posted off her first play. When 
/ was a Girl / used to Scream 
and Shout , which was per- 
formed at London’s Bush 
Theatre in November 1984 
and later at the Edinburgh 
Festival It won her the Stan- 
dard award for the most 
promising playwright of the 
year and the Thames Televi- 
sion bursary to be writer “ 
residence at the Bush Theatre. 

Among the people who saw 
it was Michael Hshwick, an 
editor for the publishes 
Chatio and Windus, who 
wrote and asked her whether 
she might by any chance have 
a novel tucked away- Macdon- 
ald, who had just completed 
The Beast . thought I can’t 

the courage to send n to 
Fishwick who, by then, had 
moved to Collins. She posted 
i» op the day that Keira was 
horn and three weeks teg got 
a fetter back from Colbns 
saying they wanted to publish 

iL “I really was surprised” she 
admits. “F didn't know if it 
was a novel or not” 

She is 35 with a froth of dark 
hair and a fare which she has 
always fell was “very 
textured” as is that of Naomi, 
one of tbe women in her book. 
However, it is another charac- 
ter, Roger, who she feds 
resembles her most -“his 
unsureness and hesitation, his 
fear, basically”. The story took 
shape as she went along. 
“Things that happened when I 
was writing became pan of it” 
When her hair began moult- 
ing, the same thing happened 
to Rogers. When she started 
jogging, so did he. The book is 
about an ordinary Sunday 
outing which turns into a 
humorous and dreamlike ad- 

She was born in 
Glasgow. Macdonald met her 
husband, who was appearing 
in a play in Edinburgh, when 
she was 20 and married him 
five years later. Meanwhile 

own boss”. She wanted her 
book to be “life enhancing” 
bnt says there are no great 
depths to it. “I think I'm a 
Story-teller. I can't write mes- 
sages. I’ve tried to write 
political pieces but they die on 
me and I do regret that". 

She says that she has anoth- 
er two books which she wants 
to write but first she has to 
complete a play which impre- 
sario Michael Codron com- 
missioned her to write after 
seeing When I war a Girl I 
used to Scream and Shm.Sbe 
has already spent the advance 
on an old Ford Escort chris- 
tened Auntie Nellie after a 
character mentioned in the 

She has been approaching 
her first publication day with 
some trepidation. “It’s so 
quiet”, she marvels. “With a 
play at least you know you're 
working up to opening night 
but with this, it's just 

The publishers, at any rate, 
are delighted. When they first 
read The Beast they told her 
"nobody writes like this". 
Says Macdonald: “I think it 
was meant to be a compliment 
but I don’t know what they 
meant. I've been thinking 
about it ever since.” 

Tbe Boast is published by 
Collins at £8.95. 


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••it — - . — 


the Crown of the 


Flying from The Zenith 
An Angel of Water. 

All the Kingdom's hurl rivers flicker 
In its veins. 

Wells marked with a cross, blocked wells, lost wells 
Are its pores. 

Its purity 

Is the light and silence of all eyes — 

The re-offering 0 f light 

Washed from the refuse of gutters. 

It flies through the hair of the head 
And through the manna of Spring hail. 

It flies under the dream-flutter of eyelids 

And through the crucifixion of streetlight and star in a tear. 

Its wingbeat 

Shatters from the taps. 

The Angel is flying with cupped hands. 
In its dripping hands a flawless mirror. 

In that mirror the one face of the millions 
(The centre of those rays) 

Bends to sip the wholeness of that water. 


(Titania choreographs a ballet, using 
her attendants.) 

Lei the first be a Snowdrop, her neck bowed 
Watching her modesty — 

Her spermy, fattening gland 
Cold under the ground. 

Let her link an arm 
With a Foxglove, raggily dressed, 
Long-bodied, a rough blood-rope 
Of dark nipples and full cup. 

So she links 

With a Daffodil — one 

Whose chill, scrubbed face and cold throat 

Looks utterly true and pure. 

The hail on her nape, her bare feet in mire. 

Let that one twine her arm around one, a Rose 

Who just now woke 

And wakes wider, seems 

To stretch awake, to peel back 

Bedclothes, to throw off nightdress - to step 

Into the shower, almost to sing 

Flush with morning light — but cannot 

Wake below the neck, or let sunbeams 

Into the sleeping earth (who makes this 

Effort in its dream, stirring a little). 

Let her be linked 

With somebody slender and tall, autumnal Balsam. 
The full pitcher trembling, at evening - 
Humid, soul -drinking insect. 

Like a child-bride of Nepal 

In her pinkish-purple sari, slightly too big for her. 

Over-painted by temple harlots. 

Weave in among there 

More Daffodils - find some nervy daughters. 
Sober sisters, bonnets stiffly bowed 
Watching the gravestones. 


Flint-raw and steely in their glances, 

Who touch at themselves with cold fingeis 
And think upright thoughts. 

(Though sometimes they wake in a scare 
Laughing bearing the mad can-can music. 
And it comes over them 
To dash off wilder every minute. 
Bare-legged in their tatters, 

Away alongside scruffy rivers — 


But they recover, they shake their heads, they bow, ff 

Become the silent beUs of the gust V V 

That frightens the big tree.) 

Now here and there k - 

A Pansy, little pug-face. J 

Baby Panda — #J 

(An intricate, masterly Japanese brush-stroke V 

Dabbed her identity signature) — 

now twine over AS 

And under hot and tipsy Honeysuckles, A 

Their gawky grace, their dark, burgundy flushes 
Already silked a little 

As each one dips her neck through our exclamations. 

And opens a gentle hydra 
To sip human dreams. 

Lips parted, a filament of salmon 

Between the tongue and the teeth, a child's eye in a woman's body. 
This little rhubarb dragon, 

This viper in the leaves 

Bites a numbness, in an anaesthetic perfume. 

Her damage done so kindly 1 

Her clutch of heart-shock, splitting trumpets 
Softens into a scrollwork of eyelashes. 

Now weave in there 

The lofty Arum Lily. She hunches 

Her fleshless scapulae 

And recites in silence from Imitatio Christ i 

With a demented grin. 

Her sweat congeals to pearl 
In a nunnery of the profane — 

Fallen stars her sole nutriment. 

Link her with one more Rose 

Whose dumb utterance cannot be decoded. 

Not a lyrical cry. like the anguished Lily, 

But a muffled thunder of perturbation. 

Wide open, but her secret averted. 

Mountain behind mountain, dawn beyond dawn. 

And now a Cyclamen — her breathless dance 

A ballerina soaring 

Over her astounded audience. 

And here the heavy part, a tumbling peal of Rhododendron, 

The knickerbocfcer lobes, the excess crumple of lips 
Shadowed with bloodier darkness, 

A cry from deep in the plant, hurting the throat and the mouth helpless open, 
A rejoicing, announcing burden of ay. 

An offering cry, and the mouth left open — 

Like the body-offering of a beast, that bewilders the eyes of the beast. 

The love-offeri 

A feint 

e-offering of eyes, that bewilders the eyelids ■ 
stipple of freckles darkening the fine tissue. 

Link aU into a circle 

With more Snowdrops. Snowdrops half under snow 
Waiting to be freed. 

As nineteenth-century vicarage maidens. 

Erect, bare- shouldered, bowed, waiting for grace 
At a tea-party — 

Their faces are so childish! 

A congregation of bells. 

Tiny domes 
Of serious worship — 

all Cordelias. 

Or else all green-veined Goneriis 
Under the empty frenzy of hoar-frost. 

Or a little court, all Queens, 
Listening for the Moon. 

A Celebratory Pageant 
F or The Sixtieth Birthday Of 
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 

by Ted Hughes 

Poet Laureate 


Flying in from the dark perimeter 
A care-worn AngcL An old midwife crone 
With the touch of Earth. 

Our past under one aim 
As a roll of TV Times 
For bandages. 

Our future under the other — 

For anaesthesia 
A portable telly. 

This Angel is flying 

Through skin bones bricks mortar. 

A hag with bat's wings 

That are sflky-soft as caul-tissue. 

An Angel with the earth’s healing touch 
Flying with cupped hands 

Through the worm, into the ear of wheat, 
A speck into the ovum. 

A rusty old bread-knife for scalpel 
Or maybe the shard of a bottle. 

Not Frankincense, not Myrrh, in her cupped hands, ' 

Not SpennacettL 

In ber mountainous hands 

She has scooped up something brighter than blinding snow. 

It must be the goodness of earth 
(As from the Islands' every comer 

As for Adam.) 


(Over the cauldron, shapes appear in the 
vapour rising from the molten metal) 

Here is the Dream-Time Hunter, and the Elk — 
So willing, their noses 
Touch at his nose. 

And the Salmon through the ford 
So many, so many 
He is knocked off his feet 

Here is the Wanderer, who slipped in a dream 
From the Mediterranean’s 
Clangorous womb. 

Who crept up the Tamar. 

In the Orchard of the Blest 
His thanks are tall stones. 


And here is the head of the Raven King, 
To Tower Hill, from Harlech, 

Singing and letting 
Tales to kill sorrow. 

And Ur who hid wisdom 
In the sldn of a Heron. 

And here are the prints of the tread of the Legions 
In the tempered day. 

The chromosomes stamped 
With alien Latin. 

And in the skull's crypts 
Mosaic of Olympus. 


And here, Wolf-headed, the mercenary brothos 
For pity of the Islanders — 

Brains and bones softened 
By Roman lead — 

Breed from whimpering giris 
Howling berserkers. 


And here are the shoulders that inched the fongships 
Under HoMemess. 

And the broad-vowdled women 
Of the vales, as if they sang. 

Nursing the North 
Sea's hard, hacked edges.. 


And here is the poltergeist Luther who gave 
Mary to Satan. 

And the boy Cromwell's vision — 

Himself as Luther 
Performing Macbeth — 

Entering the bloodstream. 

And here is the harp that came on the air 
Asa fairy bride 
Murmuring Gaelic — 

That set its chords 
In place of the bars 
In the dungeons of English. 

And here, in the scald of the Kingdom's cauldron. 
The peacock oils 
From Shiva's thumb, 

And the medicine seed 
From under the tongue 
Of the African lion. 

So here is the metal yon pour in the mould. 
Now fold it, hammer it. 

Re-fokl rt, re-hammer it 
Till millionfold 
It is shaped. And you polish 
The Ring of the People. 

The Crown of the Kingdom. 


Flying from the Nadir 
As from the mouth of a furnace 
An Angel of Blood. 

A lucky omen. 

Only the darkest hour 
Finds this star. 

Only the emptiest eye finds it 

Between the faintest stars. The slightest smudge of opinion 
Will miss it. • 

Wingbeat invisible 
As your heart-beat’s aurora 
Over the roof of your mouth. 

Unheard, like the drum 

In your fingertips, that are there, as if abandoned. 
Before dawn, on the coverlet, waiting for you. 

Unfelt ^ 

As the shared circulation through the warm dark inside the warm darkness 
Of unborn child inside mother. 

And single 

As the garment of blood that sews stranger to stranger 

Behind the sequin separateness of faces. 

The garment patched from the jigsaw cloths of a 




As the tangled, crimson, twisted yarn 
Of lineage and language. 

Single as the Sun after midnight 

It flies towards us from under the soles of the feet. 


' ^ 

candles forthexake 
(T hirty birds, looking for God. find a Queen) 

Crow who gave his children afl 
His earthly possessions 
And inherited Sun and Moon 

Comes with two candles. He calls 
Cuckoo and her echo 
(AU is forgiven!) 

Four candles - 

Bowed head, jockey shoukteis, 
Snipe; hurting upwards 
As ff flung downwards. 

Over the Bens, on a flying drum. 
Six caudles 

Sparrow who squats on the pavem ent, 

His own rag doll, with his cockney street-cry. 
Penny for the Guy, Penny for foe Gay, 

Eight candies 

Nightingale convulsed 
In the soul-catcher’s 

Ten candles 

O Thrush O Blackbird, who leisurely draw 
The saddler’s twin waxed threads, white the dawn 
Tramples and snorts in the dark stable. 

Do not stop 

Fourteen candies 

Lark, Lark, roped to the sun, who swings 
Over the drop; dropping 
Edelweiss and Samphire, 

Drops to earth 

Sixteen candles 

What shall Heron do? Dance 
The letters it cannot utter? 
Laugh, and be silent. . 

Tawny Owf -who fills the aides 
With a question, and White Owl 
Who wails at the altar, - 
Torn dark eyes 

Twenty-two candles 

Wren, bis tail barred tike a falcon's. 
Lonely keeper of the gold 
In the tumbled cleave. 

A bird out of Medinas ear. 

Silent watcher. Suddenly 
Singing, like a martyr on fire, , 
Glossolalia — . • 

And Robin, with his back-garden 
Dungfork folk-tune . 

Tuming the human darkness — . 

And Peregrine, who hangs off Haxtiand - r .- 
A theorem 

Ofthe Rock-dove's : 

Passionate outb ur s t — 

And Buzzard, who as Tarzan 
Pendulum on his liana 
(The snatch frightens the eye!) 
Rescues the Partridge 
Poult from the coining guns — 

And Gull 

Who flips up and over, a scream and a scarf in the sea-ctifTs 
Whed of wind. Or down there under the yrind . 

Wing-waltzes her shadow * 

Over the green hollows — 

And Wagtail among moorland Booklets, tiddly 
With sipping 

The quick lights of quick water — 

And Swift whose nightlong, daylong, yearlong, 
lifelong flight is seven times 
To the Moon and bade ... 

Forty candies 

Beery Grouse who grittily 
Tells the Curlew 
To stop whingdng and drooping 
Forty-four candles 

Peewit, always saved at the last moment 
From a nose-dive crash, letting his voice 
Be automatic pilot — - 
(He can't stop 

But he manages a wild wave in the fly-past) 
Forty-six candles 

Magpie Magpie who who 

In ins whizes, his innocence of colour. 

In his blacks, infra and ultra. 

Plays Hamlet, 

Struts across the tragic rainbow 
Between caterpillar and diamond. 

Forty-eight candles 

And Swallow, who was raised in a mud hovel 
And who is now the Sun’s own navigator — 
Her compass-tremor tail-needles 
Flicker on the diaL ' 

fifty candles 

Scared out of a skull 1 . . .. 
With such golfball brains. 
Hides in oak-boles — 

And Tern who shrieks so sharp 

Like a knife-opened sardine-can, nn .Strain 

Where the winds crack brine-soaked whips — 

And Pheasant, with hi* inlaid head in the Fast 
Who cools 

Among the day's embers 
On the finger of Lord Buddha — 

And Swan — snowdrop- lyrical daughter possessed 
By the cod 

. Of a black and scowling s er pe nt — 

And Raven with wings dipped 

Who somersaults in a cloud above Dartmoor 

As be walks The Bloody Tower for the laud's freedom 

Lift up their wings. 

Thirty birds- 
Looking for God 
Have found a Queem 
In the ringing tides 

Alight as a haJo - 
On the Hoiy • 
Shape of the Islands: 
Sixty wings 

Like a Crown — 
Petals of a flower 
From the other wodd 
That hushes this on* 

Sixty candles. 

1 Pennington Street. London El 9DD Telephone: 01-481 4100 

The weekend round of half 
point interest rate cuts across 
"V the world, the second set of 
cuts in six weeks, is the surest 
confirmation yet that the con- 
quest -of inflation, strongly 
reinforced by the collapse . of 
oil prices, is bringing an end to 
the era of dear money. 
Cheaper money is vital if the 
recovery of the world economy 
is to continue; also to remove 
the distortion against long- 


figures. When he showed 
apparent indifference to the 
sagging value of sterling, 
speculators concluded that he 
was really soil on inflation and 
they could safely keep on 
selling. The third time should 
be luckier, because British 
interest rate cuts are taking 
place against, a much more 
favourable international back- 

The first crucial element was 

Stod B bS a S^ 1 *“* ' ' 1he Unit£d States’ discovery of 
ERL ."“““Pioymem the penalties of a ramnaanj! 

high in most industrial coun- 

The sour note in this cheer- 
ful tune is that Britain is still 
following rather thaw leading 
the band. Banks’ base rates 
still stand at 10.5 per cent here, 
while the official discount rate 
is 6.5 per cent in the United 
States and 3.5 per cent in 
Japan. The figures may not be 
folly comparable but the gap is 
plain enough . 

British industry might have 
been rewarded for the pains of 
the Government's financi al 
strategy with a steady foil in 
interest rates at any time over 
the past four years. Until last 
summer, President Reagan 
might have been blamed for 
delaying that reward. By 
adopting the opposite budget- 

the penalties of a rampaging 
dollar. Since then the Reagan 
administration has switched to 
sustaining its industry and 
depressing its currency. The 
sudden about turn in oil prices 
completed the transformation. 
International co-operation 
helped achieve a 25 per cent 
advance of the yen against the 
dollar through lower rather 
than higher interest rates. And 
the recent adjustment of cur- 
rencies in the European Mone- 
tary System has likewise 
allowed the weaker brethren to 
loosen their monetary belts. 

The collapse in oil prices has 
made that the natural way 
forward — taking the steam 
out of any global inflationary 
threats. Even after the Ameri- 
can raid on Libya, which 
might have had a unifying 

cent retail price inflation may- 
look impressive historically. It 

ary route to the same anti- ■ effect on Arab oil producers 

inflationary ends, he saddled 
other currencies with an all- 
powerful dollar ratcheted up 
by high interest rates. 

Mr Nigel Lawson has made 
two previous attempts to as- 
sert that this country’s own 
tight financial conditions jus- 
tified lower sterling money 
costs. They ended in humiliat- 
ing reversals to prop up the 
pound. That, it must be said, 
was also partly because the 
Chancellor’s claims had to be 
taken on trust rather than on 
the strength of the money 

comparable to the Yom 
Kippur war in 1973, Opec 
ministers have shelved any 
attempt to lever up the price 
until the autumn. And disrup- 
tion to currency markets has 
thus for proved a one-day 
wonder, though it remains a 
cloud on the horizon. 

At home, Mr Lawson has 
come to terms with the cur- 
rency markets. The Chancellor 
confirmed last week that the 
Treasury and the Bank of 
England have relegated their 
interminable wrestling match 


As European Community for- 
eign ministers meet today for 
the third time in a week to try 
and formulate some joint re- 
sponse to the confrontation of 
Libya and the United States, 
they could be forgiven for 
asking whether their journeys 
are really necessary. - 

Within hours of their indeci- 
sive first meeting a week ago 
(which urged restraint on the 
United States) American war- . 
planes were airborne. Within 
hours of their second meeting 
on Thursday (which produced 
renewed calls for restraint), it 
was reported that Washington 
would consider further mili- 
tary action. 

At today's meeting Sir Geof- 
frey Howe is expected to 
appeal for new diplomatic and 
economic restrictions on 
Libya. (These should certainly, 
include a veto on _ the 
Commission's absurd decision 
to sell subsidised butter to 
Colonel Gadaffi, thus enabling 
him to buy more guns.) It is to 
be hoped that his cause will be 
heeded. But if agreement to 
take action could not be 
reached either in the wake of 
the West Berlin bombing or in 
the immediate aftermath of 
the raid on Tripoli, it is 
doubtful whether the weekend 
of consultations and reflec- 
tions in the separate capitals 
will produce strong and con- 
certed action either. 

So for, the only European 
policy to have emerged is one 
founded on the lowest com- 
mon denominator: fear. There 
is the fear that any action 
could attract reprisals against ^ 
citizens and property. That is a 

reasonable recipe for caution. 
There is also the fear of losing 
lucrative trade with Libya and 
the Arab world. That is hypo- 
critical because much of the 
recent growth in trade between 
Europe and Libya is a result of 
foe American boycott. 

: But the other and possibly 
greatest fear underlying the 
European Community's re- 
sponse is of losing its fragile 
facade of unity of appearing 
weak and. divided. Europe’s 
initial calls on the United 
States to show restraint went 
unheeded. Europe and' its 
scarcely suppressed ambition 
to be a third polical foroe in the 
world — between the two 
superpowers — were made to 
look inconsequential 

The founders of the Euro- 
pean Community always had 
the hope that it would evolve 
into a political- actor on the 
world stage. As a practical 
matter, however, it was ini- 
tially conceived as an eco- 
nomic organisation, a 
common market, which would 
operate to general benefit 
Only recently have , its inter- 
national (as opposed to supra- 
national) ambitions taken 
practical form. 

But once the member-states 
of the European Community 
moved towards a common 
foreign foreign policy, they 
were always likely to experi- 
ence difficulties in deciding 
what their political identity 
should be. 

Diversity had, after aH, in- 
creased as the Community 
expanded. Individual mem- 
bers brought with them dif- 

ferent traditions of relations 
with the world outside, dif- 
ferent past empires, different 
attitudes to war and death, and 
so to terrorism. The American 
clash' with Libya, wfaicb drew 
on all these attitudes, ruth- 
lessly exposed the divisions. If 
the European Community 
cannot agree on so straight- 
forward a matter as action to 
combat terrorism, what likeli- 
hood is there that the Commu- 
nity will formulate an overall 
foreign policy? 

But the embryonic structure 
of EEC coordination exposed 
another division: that between 
Europe and the United States, 
with Britain uneasily in the 
middle. In this respect the EEC 
could prove to be an obstacle 
to the unity of the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organisation, 
to which most of the 1 2 belong. 

NATO has, of course, a long 
history of internal disagree- 
ments. But they were resolved 
in a framework in which each 
side of the Atlantic could 
influence the other. What the 
Libya episode has dem- 
onstrated is that EEC foreign 
policy coordination has a ten- 
dency to divide rather than 
unite the alliance - especially 
in crises where the Soviet 
threat plays only a marginal 

The prospect is, thankfully, 
not immediate. In the immedi- 
ate future however the coun- 
tries of Europe would do well 
to contemplate the possibility 
that an all-European foreign 
policy and the continuing 
authority of Nato may even- 
tually prove incompatible. 

after the bombardment 

Eneland’s tour of the West Gatting and the braises in- folk-history, with its myths 
Indies was a miserable affeir- flicted on the others are ev- and its mem ones, that one 
Failure on the field caused idence of a game which seems must feel uneasy about the 
criticism off it, which bred to have become increasingly emphasis now being placed 
resentment amongst the play- physical. upon physic^ strength and 

iPd m an accelerating - . . . _ - . endurance. Professionalism 

LffnfIL BvriStinie . I hls,snot < .? e ^j?, b Siff might have raised the stan- 
e °Sn^rI cricketers returned indictment of the West Indies, dards of fitness and individual 
England s mcketere rciuraw j England who pioneered ski » in soCyf , w. it w at ^ 

(if toTto .jg wort) 

in more a bodyline bowlmgm the 1930& of its own b jts require,^, 
England ^beaten Oya ^ itsbowlere today semjust for pi ayels to win, or at any 

? S? rate not to lose. The sight of 

can be no dispu . Australia or elsewhere to turn niovers heine reoeatedlv struck 

tail uc HU ' j 

out-batted, out-bowled ana 
out-fielded. Richards' cavalier, 
record-breaking centmym 
Antigua seemed W symbol* 
the gap which had opened 
between the two teams by foe 
end. The West lnfoesjvere 
more talented, fitter and al- 
together better preparea- 
But one is also bound io ask 

whether foe g an3 ® of 
moving in foe nght direction. 
We have become acc^tom^ 
in recent yea* to 

batsmen walkingtofoe 
weighed down by mmon « 
the manner of kjjsj*. 
Crfcy. Even with 
the injuries suffered by 

and its bowlers today seem^just f or pj ayers t 0 win, or at any 
as willing as those from ^ nol t0 0 f 

Australia or elsewhere t o tar n payers being repeatedly struck 
the ball into what the army by a cricket ball bowled at 
calls an armour-piercing around 90 miles per hour on a 
round. But the rehanoe of j than perfect pitch is 
recent West Indies sides upon un p leasam . 

foe kinetic energy of their 
heavy artillery has made it 
very difficult for any other 
team to play against them. The 
bombardment has become so 
intense that opponents of less 
than superstar standard are 
being battered into sub- 

Cricket is about winning, 
but not entirely so. Like 
football, rugby or tennis, it is 
also about glory and spectacle. 
Cricket is so much part of our 


It must also be said that for a 
cricketing side, even one as 
good as the West Indies, to rely 
so consistently upon pace is to 
risk boring spectators into a 
kind of submission of their 
own. The point has been 
reached at which those who 
control foe game should con- 
sider whether steps need to be 
taken to ensure that our cricket 
grounds are not allowed to 
become a microcosm of a 
violent wider world. 


Towards a new deal in education 

with the money supply figures 
from top billing to little more 

from top billing to little more 
than a sideshow. The market 
dealers approve his conversion 

to maintaining a strong pound 
as evidence of the continuing 

as evidence of the continuing 
fight against inflation. They 
have shown that by not seri- 
ously attacking sterling as a 

petrocurrency during foe oil 
price collapse. 

New cost pressures at home 
are now preventing Britain 
from catching up with the 
lower interest rates our 
competitors now enjoy. The 
sharp foil in the twelve month 
rate of retail price inflation 
announced on Friday pro- 
vided foe perfect backdrop to 
foe half point cut in base rates 
and could have further to go. 
In the light of the weekend cuts 
in Washington and Tokyo, foe 
Bank of England might have 
seemed overcautious in resist- 
ing a full point cut The Bank 
has, however, good reason for 

The full year target of 3.5 per 

look impressive historically. It 
is not so impressive against 
stable or failing prices in 
Germany and Japan. Trends 
in the competitiveness of Brit- 
ish industry are even less 
impressive. Unit wage costs 
are now rising at a rate of 
almost 7 per cent much more 
than in rival countries that will 
draw greater benefit from 
lower oil prices. Business is 
slipping back into bad habits. 

Some argue that as money 
supply guidelines dissolve, in- 
terest rate policy should be set 
according to the trend in. wage 
costs. The Bank, while not 
going that far, rightly sees a 
link. Britain still cannot afford 
to lead interest rates down 
because industry is throwing 
away its reward. 

Front the Organising Secretary of 
the Southern Examining Group 
Sir, As the debate about the 
introduction of the new GCSE 
examination system rages amid 
growing parental concern. I would 
welcome the opportunity, on be- 
half of the five examination 
boards io the Southern Examining 
Group, to confirm that these 
boards will not be offering un- 
official GCE O-tevel or CSE 
examinations after 1987 and that 
all our energies wiD be directed 
towards GCSE. 

Approved GCSE syllabuses in 
all subjects will be despatched 10 
schools and colleges throughout 
the country by the end of May. 
These syllabuses will contain full 
specimen question papers and 
marking schemes, together with a 
wide range of information about 
the assessment of the compulsory 
coursework components. 

I hope that teachers win be 
reassured by these syllabuses on 
two counts. First, they will still 
recognise the subjects they have 
taught in the past, and secondly, 
they will see that the group has 
done its best to ensure that the 
coursewxirk which their pupils will 
be required to present will arise 
naturally from the work which 
ihey would normally have been 
expected to complete as part of 
their normal scheme of lessons. In 
other words, they' will not be 
overwhelmed by the need to 
prepare a series of extended 

projects, as many teachers and 
parents currently fear. 

parents currently fear. 

U is also important to record 
that for the majority of subjects 
draft syllabuses, which provide a 
reliable guide to syllabus content, 
have been in schools and colleges 
since last September. The national 
criteria, which provide the frame- 
work for syllabus development 
and contain details about the style 
of examination papers and ques- 
tions. were distributed even ear- 
tier, in January, 198S. Teachers 
have therefore had some opportu- 
nity to consider what the new 
courses will require of them by 
way of additional resources and 
new classroom leaching and learn- 
ing strategies. 

The number of teachers attend- 
ing the programme of in-service 
training has varied between 30 per 

Attack on Libya 

From Mr Michael Males, MP for 
Hampshire East (Conservative) 
Sir. Your excellent leader, K The 
Case for the raid"(April IS), 
examines folly the American ac- 
tion and argues why it was 
justified and supported. But critics 
are advancing a more pernicious 
argument than simple opposition 
to the use of force which needs 
equally robust refutation. It is 
that. even if the attacks were 
justified and lawful, Britain 
should have no part in them 
bcause it puts our citizens in 
danger of reprisal. 

Aside from the moral cowardice 
of such an attitude, it is based on a 
totally false perception. For we are 
— and have been for many years — 
in danger from the indiscriminacy 
of Gadaffi's terrorism. You re- 
mind us of Yvonne Fletcher's 
death, bm not of the two bomb 
explosions the month before 
which injured more than 20 
British citizens in Manchester and 
London, for which three Libyans 
were convicted. The women and 
children blown out of the TWA 
aircraft could equally well have 
been British, and we could have 
been seeing the funerals in the past 
few days of soldiers from the 
Gordon Highlanders rather than 
the American soldiers with whom 
they are serving to keep ihe peace 
in West Berlin. 

And what of those who say that 
they are against our support of the 
raid because — tragically — inno- 
cent civilians were killed in Trip- 
oli? It is quite dear that the 
pinpoint targets needed extra ac- 
curacy which only the FI I Is could 
provide and that their use guar- 
anteed the minimum risk to 
civilians. Would these Pontius 

Paris excavations 

From Professor Michel Fleury 
Sir, 1 read with surprise in the 
article of March 31. which was 
devoted to the benefits broughi to 
France by M Jack Lang's manage- 
ment of her cultural affairs, that 
the pyramid in the Louvre 
planned by M Pei “has had the 
advantage of allowing 
archaeological excavations to take 
place in the I2ih-century crypt 
which will be on show to the 

May I be permitted to observe 
that the archaeological excava- 
tions which have restored to view 
the foundations of the medieval 
Louvre took place in the Cow 
Carrde - that is. approximately 
250 metres from the site of the 
proposed pyramid. 

Moreover, the archaeological 

Historic farmhouse 

From the Chief Planning Officer of 
Dacorum Borough Council 
Sir. Some balance needs 10 be 
given to the article “Problems 
with planning; 2" (April 3) which 
was written without any reference 
10 the local planning authority. 

The site of the warehouse in 
question, over 100 metres from 
Comer Farm, was previously a 
foundry occupied by Hemel 
Hempstead Engineering. The 
foundry gave rise to local environ- 
mental problems such as dust and 
ferric oxide emissions. 

Access 10 the foundry was 
narrow and dose to Corner Farm. 
If the planning application for use 
of the foundry site for a warehouse 
development had not been made, 
another industrial use of the same 
use class could have reoccupied 
the site without planning per- 

cent and 80 per cent. We are 
hoping that all these teachers who 
have so far been unable to attend a 
training course wii» now be trained 
during the tuo-day school closures 
at the end of the summer term 10 
which the Secretary of State has 
recently agreed, specifically for 
this purpose. 

The most important training — 
that which is specific to the 
syllabuses - will commence in 
September and it is at that time 
that the focus will be on the 
different styles of classroom prac- 
tice which GCSE will require. 

Teachers are worried that there 
w ill be no textbooks to assist them 
in planning their lessons. In 
common with the other examin- 
ing groups, however, the southern 
group will be providing training 
materials which will be written to 
meet the specific needs of its 
syllabuses and the gap in textbook 
provision mav prove eo be less 
serious than many fear. 

A further concern of parents is 
that employers will be unaware of 
the significance of the new 
examinations when foe firs: can- 
didates submit GCSE certificates 
in 19SS. The southern group is 
embarking on an extensive pub- 
licity campaign to ensure that 
employers and parents have all foe 
information they need about the 
nature and purpose of GCSE 

Finally, and m view of recent 
concerns about declining stan- 
dards in education which have 
been expressed through your col- 
umns, I am anxious to stress that 
the purpose of the GCSE with its 
emphasis on positive achievement 
and the application of knowledge, 
is to raise foe level of achievement 
in youngsters of all abilities. 

I can g he an assurance that the 
fust cohort of pupils entering the 
new examinations in 19S8 wifi not 
under any circumstances be 
treated as guinea pigs. 

Yours faithfully, 

Organising Secretary. 

Southern Examining Group, 
c/o Southern Regional Examina- 
tions Board. 

Avondale House. 

33 Carlton Crescent, 


April 16. 

Pilates sleep more soundly in their 
beds because, though many more 
civilians were dead through the 
withholding of our support, their 
consciences were dear? 

None of these decisions has 
been easy: no one wants to see 
civilised democracies resort to the 
crude use of military forte. But 
when all else has failed and our 
greatest ally takes effective action 
against the scourge of inter- 
national terrorism, this is no time 
for us to chicken out because the 
going is tough. 

I have the honour to be. Sir.your 
obedient servant. 


House of Commons. 

April 18. 

From Mr A. H. P. Humphrey 
Sir, We should all be grateful to 
the United States Government. 
But, before bombing, could not 
their aircraft have dropped mil- 
lions of leaflets on Tripoli and 
Benghazi telling foe Libyans why 
Gadaffi must go? Leaflets, suitably 
worded and illustrated, might 
have prompted those in Libya 
who want to get rid of Gadaffi to 
do so. 

In Malaya, millions of leaflets 
were dropped from planes and 
were effective in inducing dedi- 
cated communist terrorists to 
leave the jungle and surrender 
(and, in one case, to bring foe head 
of their decapitated commander 
with them). 

Yours faithfully. 

(Secretary for Defence and In- 
ternal Security. Malaya, 1953-57), 
14 Ambrose Place, 



April 16. 

crypt of the Cour Carree is no way 
a project devised by M Lang: quite 
foe contrary. Having personally 
formulated and published foe plan 
of foe excavation in 1977. I 
suggested it to M Lang in 1982; he. 
equally personally, rejected it out 
of hand. The concept of the 
archaeological excavation in the 
Cour Carree was only accepted a 
year later when it was put forward 
by M Biasini. President of the 
Etablissemem Public du Grand 

It occurred to me that your 
readers would appreciate an ac- 
curate account of this matter. 
Yours faithfully. 

MICHEL FLEURY. President. 
IV e Section de l'Ecole pratique 
des Hautes Etudes. 

45 rue des Ecoles. 

75005 Paris. 


-mission being required and the 
planning authority would not 
have been able to get foe access 
road upgraded to a modern 

The nearest kerb of foe new 
access road is generally farther 
away from Corner Farm than the 
farthest kerb of foe former access 
road. Consequently the effect of 
vehicle vibration from foe new 
road on Comer Farm should be 
less than that emanating from foe 
previous access road. 

Your photograph highlights 
existing traffic on the A4I47 
Redboum Road, which passes the 
frontage of Comer Farm and has 
carried a significant volume of 
traffic for many years. Structural 
damage to Comer Farm is un- 
likely to be wholly or directly 
attributable to foe new access road 
to foe warehouse in view of the 

From Sir \nrntan Price 
Sir. The members of foe working 
pany set up by Macro (National 
Association for foe Care and 
Resettlement of Offenders) to 
examine the law and practice 
governing enforcement in foe 
social security field are concerned 
about a number of features of foe 
Social Security Bill now before 
Parliament. Two seem to us to be 
particularly important. 

Clause 45 of the Bill makes even 
more confused than at present the 
situation under which proceedings 
are taken for social security of- 
fences. Case law interpreting the 
Social Security Act 1975 makes it 
apparent th 2 t. for the range of 
benefits covered by that Acl il is 
not necessary for the prosecution 
to show that a false statement was 
made with the intention of obtain- 
ing benefit or that there was any 
intention to defraud. 

The effect of clause 45 appears 
to be that social security offences 
are 10 be treated differently from, 
and more harshly than.’ other 
types of offence. The clause bor- 
rows from section 1 5 of the Theft 
Act (under which, incidentally, the 
more serious social security of- 
fences are prosecuted) the concept 
that an incorrect statement may be 
“recklessly" made, the fust time 
that this condition is introduced 
into social security legists iron. 
However, unlike the Theft Act 
clause 45 contains no requirement 
that there should have been a 
dishonest intent. 

The second area which worries 
the working party is the proposed 
legislation governing recovery of 
over-paid benefit. The present law 
is confused on this matter and 
different rules apply to the various 
benefits. Clause 43 of the Bill 
commendably tries to standardise 
foe procedure but does so in a way 
which is unfortunate. 

The test of failure to use due 
care and diligence, now used in 
relation to many benefits, is to be 
abandoned in favour of foe less 
satisfactory test of misrepresenta- 
tion or failure to disclose, and 
standard housing benefit is to 
remain recoverable whatever the 
reason for its over-payment, 
including official error. 

We hope that these issues will be 
carefully scrutinised and foe Bill 
will be' amended on its passage 
through Parliament. 

Yours faithfully. 

Working Party on Social Security 
Enforcement Jssues, 

National Association for the Care 
and Resettiemem of Offenders, 

169 Clapham Road. SW9. 

April 10. 

Faith and schooling 

From Mr Usuf Islam 
Sir. As a body of men and women 
whose primary concern at foe 
moment is the campaign for 
obtaining voluntary aided status 
for the Islamic school referred to 
in your leader of April 1 5, "Law, 
faith and schooling", we fail to see 
w hy this modest project should be 
bracketed with such issues as 
divorce laws, women’s rights and 
instances of juvenile marriage. 

As British citizens and tax- 
payers we see ourselves merely 
exercising our right to educate our 
children in the manner we per- 
ceive to be the best possible. This 
is a right which has not been 
disputed with respect to foe 
Jewish community in Britain and 
it is only just that ihe same should 
apply to Muslims. 

We take exception to foe sugges- 
tion that our actions are detri- 
men lal to Ihe public interest. The 
authoritarian tone of your leader 
is not in keeping with what are foe 
best of British values — tolerance, 
a sense of fair play and respect of 
individual rights. 

Yours faithfuilv. 

YUSUF ISLAM. Chairman, 

Board of Governors, 

Islamia Primary School. 

8 Brondesbury Park, NW6. 

April 15. 

Miles cheaper 

From Mr J. D. Usher 
Sir, Mr Butterfield (April 15) is 
correct in saying that the London 
10 Gatwick Airport fere is set at a 
level which reflects the improved 
service on the rail-air link. 

However, he is not correct in 
suggesting that a passenger can 
travel on a cheaper priced ticket 
and use foe break-of-joumey facil- 
ity. Our conditions of carriage 
show that a break of journey 
cannot be made at a station to 
which foe fare is higher than that 
actually paid. 

Yours faithfully, 


Pricing Manager, 

Passenger Marketing Services, 
British Railways Board, 

PO Box 100. 

Euston Square. NW1. 

April 15. 

traffic volumes on other nearby 

The planning authority has been 
concerned to limit, as far as it is 
able, foe impact of development 
proposals on Corner Farm and 
indeed, in granting planning per- 
mission for a warehouse with a 
new access road it feels that a 
significant improvement in local 
conditions has been achieved. 

It is loo easy for foe Press to 
undermine and denigrate foe plan, 
ning system, particularly if articles 
do not present a balanced and 
objective view. 

Yours faithfully, 


Chief Planning Officer. 

Dacorum Borough Council. 

Civic Centre, 

Hemel Hempstead, 


April 4. 


Muddle in social 
security law 

APRIL 21 1882 

The American propensity for 
erecting folk heroes out off™ 
lawless men u ho l^^hed m^e 
opening up of the West is no 
better exemplified than in the 
hrfithem and their gang. 

melodramatic, arounawmw 
legends in writings, ballads-- arut 
films - hu e been woven, rrana 
James escaped conviction arut 
ended his life as a respected 



The shinning of -Jesse James, the 
outlaw and train rubber, at St. 
'u.^eph. Missouri, April 3, has 
a great sensation through- 
out the western country. James 
had for a long time had large 
rewards set upon his head, but had 
paid liilie attention to this, and 
had lived in hiding at St. Joseph 
since November last. Instead of 
going to Texas, as was his custom 
when hunted down heretofore, he 
h.-d for a good while remained in 
Miss-juri, but kept generally out of 
sight, and was well armed to guard 
against surprise. He was, it is said, 
planning a new robbery, with the 
aid oi two men. Robert and Charles 
Ford. They, it appears, had been 
engaged in roboeries with him 
before, but having made an ar- 
range mem with the governor of 
Missouri to get port of ihe rewards 
offered for James's capture or 
death, they were engaged at this 
time, according to their claim, only 
in a bit of detective work. The 
Express and railway companies 
and State and local Governments 
had offered rewards aggregating a 
large sum, so that the inducement 
for their action was strong. They 
had lived in the same house with 
■James for some time, and at S 
o'clock in the morning on April 3 
the three were together in a front 
mom. Unconscious of danger. 
■James, who had just got out of bed, 
unbuckled his belt, which con- 
tained his pistols, and threw it on 
the bed preparatory to washing 
himself. He was then unarmed, 
when Robert Ford suddenly pulled 
out a revolver and shot him quickly 
in the back of the bead. He died 
almost instantly. His wife rushed 
screaming into the room and flung 
herself upon the prostrate body. 
The Fords pave themselves up to 
the police; the town was in a flame 
of excitement; and hundreds recog- 
nized the corpse of the great 
bandit, who had been so often 
reported killed, yet re-appeared. 
The murderer Ford is a young man 
aged 22, of so slight and boyjfh 
appearance as hardly to be sup- 
posed daring enough for such a 
deed The murder was cowardly, 
and is so generally characterized, 
but it rids the frontier of its 
greatest outlaw. 

The “James boys" have for years 
been the leaders of daring bands of 
robbers, most of their gangs, 
however, being now dead or in 
prison. Frank James is still at 
large. They were audacious and 
most cruel villains, and the sons of 
a Baptist minister. They were born 
in Clay County, Missouri. Frank in 
1841 and Jesse in 1845, the 
younger being the more daring. 
Their mother is still living arid 
appeared at the coroner’s inquest, 
for she was proud of her outlaw 
sons. The atrocities of the civil war 
in Missouri made them bandits, for 
Frank joined QuantreU's band of 
guerillas in 1861, and Jesse being 
threatened with hanging by foe 
Federal troops in 1862 was soon 
afterwards taken into the band, 
though but 17 years old. 
QuantreU's band numbered 200, 
and committed -all sorts of atroc- 
ities. They sacked and burnt 
Lawrence, Kansas, murdering 
nearly every male inhabitant, Jesse 
in this raid boasting that he had 
shot down 36 persons. In Septem- 
ber, 1864, the James brothers with 
some others raided Centralia, Mis- 
souri, robbed rbe stores and then, 
capturing a railway train, stole the 
passengers’ money and valuables. 
This was an atrocious massacre, in 
which they butchered 32 sick 
soldiers who were in the train going 
to hospital at St. Louis. These poor 
wretches were marched out and 
ordered in line by Frank and Jesse 
James. Anderson, the chief of the 
bandit party, then shot and killed 
every one of them, either Frank or 
Jesse handing him freshly loaded 
pistols as fast as he emptied 
them — . 

Bristol ‘intolerance’ 

From Dr Elizabeth Bird 
Sir, Your corrapondent Dr 
Thomas, of University College 
Cardiff (April 9) is not fully 
informed about the AUT (Associ- 
ation of University Teachers) 
response to foe attacks on Profes- 
sor VmcenL 

Bristol AUT was quick to 
condemn these attacks by means 
of a statement published in foe 
University Newsletter on March 
6. This statement, with additions, 
was endorsed by a general meeting 
of foe local association. 

Yours faithfuilv, 

University of Bristol Association 
of University Teachers, 

Lunsford House.Caniocks Close, 
Woodland Road,EristolAvon. 
April 15- 

Creative credit 

From Mr J. F. Reilly 
Sir, 1 note with interest that 
Proctor & Gamble have played a 
pan in the production of the 
current BBC TV series Anno 


Can this be foe soap opera to 
end all soap operas? And can we 
confidently expect, in the last 
episode, Nero to proclaim: “Let 
there be Lux"? 



99 Oakfield Road. 

Newport Gwent 

2 n- p to i 
* - elec 


to )urce 

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Clifford Longley 

The elusive language of prayer 



April 10; The Rich! Hon Mar- 
gsrci Thatcher. N5 Pi Prim- Min- 
ister and First Lord ot the 
Treasure ) had an audience of 
The Queen ihis evening. 

April 20: The Duke of Edin- 
burgh. President ot'WWF lnier- 
naiioml ihis momma answered 
questions on the joint BBl 
R adio 4 and World Sen ice 
phone-in programme *!i"s Your 
World" at BBC Broadcasting 
House. Portland Place. London. 

Mr John Haslant »as in 

Council on Monuments and 
Sites. United Kingdom Na- 
tional Committee). ibis after- 
noon ' i si ted The Queen's 
Huusc at the National Maritime 
Museum, and The Ranger's 
House. Greenwich, to mark 
International Monuments Day. 

Lt Col Sir Simon Bland was in 

April f9: The Duchess of 
Gloucester, as President, this 
evening presented the Awards at 
the Gundle Festival of Music 
and Drama at the Great Hall. 
Curdle School. 


The Queen celebrates her birth- 
day today. 

April 20: The Pnncc ol Wales 
(his morning started (he 
London Marathon at 
Blaekheath. SE3. 

His Royal Highness travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 

Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 
.Anderson wa> in anendancc. 

April IS: The Duke of 
Gloucester. Patron. The 
NutTicId Farming Scholarships 
Trust, this morning received 
Captain J S Stewart. Director, 
and Mr R J Oyster on 
relinquishing the appointment 
as Chairman of the Council and 
Mr C W Wharton on assuming 
the appointment. 

In the afternoon His Royal 
Hishness. as President of 
ICOMQS/L'K (International 

A memorial service will be held 
for Molly Blackburn and Brian 
Bishop on April 22. at 6 pm at St 
James's Church. Piccadilly. 

A sen iee of thanksgiving for the 
life and work of Mr Jon Harvey. 
QO. will be held in Gray’s Inn 
Chapel on Monday, May 19. 
19So at 5.15 pm. 

A sen ice of thanksgiving for the 
life of MrCollwyn Siurge will be 
held at St Michael's. Comb ill. 
EC3. on Thursday. April 24. at 

A sen ice of thanksgiving for the 
iife of Mr c Michael Rose will be 
held at Si Luke's Church. Syd- 
ney Street- Chelsea, at noon 

Forthcoming marriages 

Hon. Richard Bcwyer 
and Miss E. Sharpe 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, eldest son of 
Lord 3nd Lady Denham, of 
Weston Underwood, 

Buckinghamshire, and Eleanor, 
only daughter ot Mr and Mrs A. 
Sharpe, of Truemans Heath. 

Mr J.C. Bayless 
and MissS.G. Kinard 
The engagement is announced 
between Jerome Charles, son of 
Mr and Mrs J.C. Bay/ess. 
Wokmg. Surrey, and Sally Gar- 
ner. elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs F.E. Kiiiard. Columbia. 
South Carolina. United States. 

Dissatisfaction continues everywhere, 
over the styie of English used in formal 
public prayer. It has for years been the 
subject most commonly raised by church 
members in letters to this newspaper. 
Now the disgrnntiement in the Roman 
Catholic Church has led the Interna- 
tional Committee on English in the 
Liturgy Inc to begin a 10-year revision 
programme of the English language 
Mass, and an advisory committee of 
JCEL is meeting in London this week to 
plan the work- 

ICEL is one of the ‘‘big too" in this 
field, the other being the Intern ationa l 
Consultation on English Texts (ICET), 
which is ecnmenkaL Many of die most 
important texts are common to both - 
the English Roman Catholics and the 
Church of England use identical modern 
language versions of the Gloria and the 
Creed, for instance, though one 
att ribute s the source to ICEL, the other 
to ICET. In fact the style is ICEL, and 
the ‘“Inc'" rather gives the game away. It 
is not English English, but international 
Transatlantic English. It has been 
stripped of subjunctives, poetry and 
idiom, to make it acceptable everywhere. 

In the Anglica n Alt ernative Service 
Book the ICEL/ICET passages there- 
fore stand oat as starker than the rest, 
whereas in Che present En glish missal 
the style is at least consistent. The 
Catholic revision process has obvious 
implications for Anglicans and others, 
both becan se of the interdependence of 
ICEL and ICET and becanse the ASB is 
not doe for revision for several years yet, 
and will therefore be revised after the 
Catholic work is completed. Although 
the ASB language style does aim for 
rythm and poetry, it has been ranch 
criticized for banality, for incongruous 
archaism, and generally for being not 
very memorable. It is Engl ish E nglish, 
except where it draws on ICET, but it 
cannot be held op as an example of how 
to write successfully in this difficult 

The English Catholic bisheps have 
declared their unhappiness with the 
present language of public worship, and 
questioned the present policy of a 
common English version throughout the 

English-speaking world. Language style 
should pay more attention to “the 
culture of the local church”, they have 
said- They are being prodded by the 
Association for English Worship to see 
that the interests of the English “local 
church” are better represented in ICEL, 
to which end the Association has just 
produced a portfolio of texts of its own, 
as possible examples worth following. 

It is not jnst a matter of taste - more a 
matter of ear. The ability to distinguish 
good English from just ordinary English 
is not universal, and many well-educated 
people do not have it. Bat good English 
also works snbliminalty. People kno w 
that what they are hearing is satisfying, 
without being able to say why. They are, 
however, quite able to persuade them- 
selves that what they are hearing is 
good, when it is not. 

These four versions of the opening of 
the proper preface, the first the Latin of 
which the other three are translations, 
illustrate how little great minds t hin k 
alike when writing liturgy. 

“Yere dignmn et justma est, aequum 
et salntare; nos did simper et nbiqne 
grades age re; Domiiw, sancte Fatin’, 
omni po tens aeteree Dens: per Christum 
TVvmTnnni nostrum”; (Latin missal) 

“ft is indeed right, it is oar duty and 
our joy, at all times and in all places, to 
give yon thanks and praise; holy Father, 
heavenly King, almighty and eternal 
God, through Jesus Christ your only 
Son our Lord”; (ASB) 

“Father, all powerful and ever-living 
God, we do well always and everywhere 
to give yon thanks, through Jesus Christ 
our Lord”} (English missal) 

“It is only right, and what Is doe, since 
yon created ami would save us, that we 
should give you thanks at all times and 
In all places, O Lord, Holy Father, 
almighty everlasting God. through 
Christ our Lord”; (Association for 
English Worship) 

The Church of England version comes 
closest to a literal translation (incurring 
difficulties thereby) which is surprising 
as Anglicans are i"nri» Jess likely than 
Catholics to worry about departures 
from the Latin. All three English 

versions avoid “to thank you”, prefer- 
ring “give yon thanks". Two choose the. 
more awkward “at all times and inafl 
places” instead of the smoother “always 
and everywhere” The ASB begins 
twice, and stops and starts; the missal 
loses through terseness and hesitates at 
“we do well”; the association's shot is 
too dose to casual speech with “it is only 
right” while “would save ns” is a 
change of tense that does not work. This 
is probably the least successful of the 
association's prayers, and roost of them 
are of better quality than the other two 
sets. Characteristically, the ASB is too 
hidebound, the English missal too free. 
Somewhere in the direction in which the 
Association for En gl is h Worship is 
beading may lie the answer, hot too 
many of their examples still contain 
stylistic stumbles of the “would save ns” 

Whaf their examples demonstrate, 
however, is that an atcompromlringly 
modern En glis h style can possess rythm 
and dignity, and ft is not necessary to in- 
troduce, as the ASB does, deliberate 
echoes of sixteenth century E ng li s h to 
give toe language a “churchy” , effect. 
“We may so pass through things 
tem poral that we finally lose not the 
things eternal-.” (ASB) is a typical 
example. The association's version is 
in mri n g the good things of this 
pairing world, we may yet hold fast to 
things eternal.” It sounds that little bit 
less like a Hollywood script-writer’s 
pastiche of the Authorized Version. 

But the present English Mass has: 
“Guide us to everlasting life by helping 
ns to use wisely the blessings you have 
given to the world.” It is too plain by 
Half; and ft ignores the other texts’ 
echorag phrases and c on tr as ti ng ideas. 
The total quantity of imaginative stimu- 
lus in the passage is therefore far less. 
This impoverishment was the greatest 
penalty inflicted by ICEL when it 
originally chose to ent a ample path 
rfimngfi complex language. It should 
take 10 years to put the damage right. 

Prayers of the Roman Missal; St 
Michael's Abbey Press, Faraborough. 
Hants (£4 85). 

Mr D.E. Webstar 
and Miss R-J. Aflgs 
The engagement is announced 
between David, son of Sir Feier 
Webster, of Bra non. Wiltshire, 
and Mrs Susan Murray. of 
Fulham. London. and Rachel, 
youncev. daughter of Mr and 

Mrs' Daniel Aggs. 
WarminghursL Sussex. 

Mr S.E. Pay 

and Miss C-M.M. Cooper 
i he engegcmeni is announced 
between Stephen Edward, eldest 
son of Mr and Mrs Edward C 
Pay. of Copperftelds. Gifford 
Manor Road. Guildford, and 
Cbrc Myfanwy Mary, second 
daughter of Mr and MrsGuihnc 
Cooper, of Hollendcn. Foxholes 
H?i!. Exmouih. 


Mr C.R. Lngbam. RriA. 
and Miss S.A. Lock 
The engagement is announced 
between Crispin Rs>wccd. son 
of Squadron Leader G.R. 
Ingham. RAF, and stepson of 
Mrs Ingham, of RAF Gaicv,. 
Berlin, and Sally Ann. eldest 
daughter of Captain J.C.W. 
Lock. RN. and Mrs Lock, of 
Broadwindsor. Dorsal. 

Mr S.H.C. Ronan 
and Miss A.L. Heat 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon Hugh Galwey. 
only son of Mr and Mrs John G. 
Ronan. of Cuskinny. Cobh. 
Cork. Ireland, and Amanda 
Louise, daughter of Mr Feter 
Kent and the late Mrs Anne 
Kern and stepdaughter of Mrs 
Sue Kent, of The Old Rectory. 
Froxfield. Hampshire. 


Birthdays today 

The president of the Royal 
College of Obstetricians and 
Gynaecologists and Mrs 
Macnaugiuon on Friday re- 
ceived the guests at a dinner 
held in Cardiff at the end of die 
twenty-fourth British Congress 
of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 
.Among these present were Fel- 
lows and Members of the Col- 
lege from more than 40 

Sir Aubrey Burke. 82: Mr 
1 nomas Bums. SO: Sir George 
Burton. TO: the Ear! cf Derby. 
eS: Mr L.E. Ellis. 54; Sir Eric 
Fjulkner. 72; Professor Sir 
Laurence Gowing. 68: Air Mar-' 
snal Sir John Hunter-Tod . 69; 
Mr John McCabe. 47; Mr John 
Mortimer. QC. to: Mr Norman 
Parkinson. 73; Sir Raymond 
Potter. 70: Mr Anthony Quinn. 
7 1 : Sir Geoffrev Ramsdcn. 93. 

Mr D.C.H. Waddy 
and Lady Olivia Tajkrar 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at Farm Street Church. 
W I . of Mr David Charles Henry 
Waddy. elder son of Mr and Mrs 
lan Waddy, of Mirza Downs. 
' Ward. Marlborough. New Zea- 
! land, and Lady Olivia Taylour, 
; younger daughter of the Mar- 
quess of Headfort. of EHrrslie 
Manor. Crosby. Isle of Man, and 
the Hon Mrs Knight of Horsley 
Hall. Ecdcshall. Stafford. The 
Rev Anthony Nye, SJ, 

The bride, who was given in 
marnage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Diana 
Beddows. Miss Annabel Nall- 
Cain. Miss Catherine Lake. 
Miss Davina Monckton and 
Miss Claire M inter-Kemp. Cap- 
tain the Hon Thomas Clifford 
was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
House of Lords and the honey- 
moon will be spent in Europe. 

The Hon HJ.H. Tollemache 
and Miss R. Cayzer 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at the Cathedral and 
Abbey Church of St Alban, St 
Albans, of the Hon Hugh 
Tollemache. youngest son of the 
late Lord Tollemache and of 
Dinah Lady Tollemache. of the 
Home Farm, Peckfonon, 

Cheshire, and Miss Rosanne 
Cayzer. second daughter of the 
Hon Anthony Cayzer and the 
late Hon Mrs Cayzer, of Great 
Westwood. King's Langley. 
Hertfordshire. The Dean of St 
Albans officiated, assisted by 
the Rev Peter Dewey. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by the Hon James 
Tollemache, the Hon Hugo 
Grimsion. Harry Chichester, 
James Gram. Rorv Peon. Sam 
Hoarc. Timothy Hay, Alexan- 
der Christi e-Miller, Thomas 
Howard. Lady Rose Alexander, 
Lady Rose lnnes-Ker. Camilla 
Hornby. Rowena Jones. Alexan- 
dra Debarge. Jemima and Emily 
Gifford-Taylor. Jemima 
Palmer-Tompkinson and Tara 
Mi 11 bourn. The Duke or West- 
minster was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon will be spent 

Mr IVLA.N. Thompson 
and Miss LJL Parke 
The marriage look place on 
Saturday at the Church of St 
Mary the Virgin, Monken Had- 
ley. of Mr Michael Thompson, 
son of Sir Peter Thompson and 
the late Lady Thompson, of 
Radieu. and Miss Lucy Kate 
Parke, daughter of Mr and Mrs 

Brendan Parke, of Wmchmore 
Hill, London. The Rev M.B. 
Eulinger officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Adam Phillips. 
Alexandra Keeling. Miss Alice 
Parke, Miss Gail Thompson and 
Miss Man die Thompson. Mr 
Anthony Lockwood was best 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon will be spent in 

Mr D.L. WiQetts 
and Miss S.HJV. Butterfield 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at Little St Mary's 
Church. Cambridge, of Mr Da- 
vid Willetts, son of Mr and Mrs 
J.R_ Willetts, and Miss Sarah 
Butterfield, daughter of Profes- 
sor Sir John and Lady 
Butterfield. The Rev James 
Owen and the Rev Thomas 
Mendel officiated. ■ 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Thomas 
Butterfield. Hermtone Nevfll 
and Miss Harriet Butterfield. 
Mr Robert O’Brien was best 


A reception was held in the 
Fellows’ Garden. Downing Col- 
lege, Cambridge, and the honey- 
moon will be spent in Morocco. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

DEATHS and I?? K3HC3A2S 
£4 a fin* + 25% VAT 
(minimum 1 Lines’ 
^pnouncetncuv auiticr-ncai-id te i*»c 
name and pcimatem addrcu of fto 
sender man be sent 10 

F3 SOX <34 
Virginia SSreot 
London £1 

oi KkphoiKd (by iclcphcnr sufctvnb- r 
cn Only i la 01-431 3024 jj 

Announcements tc received hv a 
ictephonc hciwtin 9u0ont atwl ? 
£ (Open Monday lo Friday on Saicr 3 
day between ^Qfam and 12 &uvn jj 

(01-631 <000 Only*. For publics- j 
Don die follf-inc 4iv phone In j 

i .wpm FocrraconwG mar- 
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and Social Page £6 a Hm + 


C ourt and Social Page announce- 
ments can nor he acccpredc by 
Ktephonc Enquiries to CS-C22 
9053, or send to 1 Panalzgi^s . 
Stmt, Unua El J 

Tti— Blrwnq of trie LOPD I— upon \«n 
we hi™ tou in !!*■ r-irrw- ui Ihr LORD 
Pfrfim S29 8 


ANDREWS - A! a 35 pm on April irSUi 
1986. al The Q liven Char 1 01 lv Mjlcr- 
nttv Hospital, to Ceomtna. irtoe 
Simpson) and AnJhonv. a dauchler. 
A Sta ler lor Jouiim and Jessica. 

GREENLEES On !7lh April at Glas- 
now Hoval Maternity Hospital lo 
□avid and Julia, a daughter Alice, a 
sfcier for Sarah. 

PEARSON - On Ann! I 6 U 1 ai St Luxe*. 
Guildford. 10 Sally and Chrlsiopner. 
a daughter Rosemary Sarah 

SEEL - On rite ^lli April 10 Maraarcl 
1 nee OumtKrlawi and Bradley, a 
son. Andrew Gr d nam 

TCNN - On the 17m a April, in 
Slav anger .10 r<iua inee Kenningi and 
Graham, a daughter Eii?e Jane 
KflLUAMS - On April jj,.; 2 nd jr Royal 
Berkshire Ho^ilu. 10 Diane ana 
Jonn a son. 'Nicholas James Hoylei a 
brouter for Lucy and Amy. a grand 
son for Jim. Toni and C>m. Thanhs 
10 a qreai hospital leant. 


NEWMAfeMEAeOCK at Chester on 
April 1 8 U 1 . Charles, son ol Mr A Mrs 
J L Newman And Anna, daughter of 
Graham and me iaie Pat Meac-ick. 


ABSOTT - On ITIh April a'lcr a «nori 
illftrts bravely borne. Jack Abocii of 
Famhnm. Surrey and rece.-.Uy ol 
Flagstaff House. Pen sianlcv. F.tU 
land Islands Beloved hijsutr.d 01 irte 
laic- Irene. Faiher ol Michael. Donald 
and Cine and qrandiatlk-r of Uteir 
children Funeral service a Si 
Mary's Churm. FTrnvtuun on Thurv 
day 24llt April al 10 15am. followed 
bv private cremation. Family .Towers 
only please. Donation-, if devjreO 1 $ 
the Phyllis Tuck well Hospice 

Fantham. All enquiries and dona- 
* -P * 15 l q H C Patnclt & Son. B 6 East 
StrceL Farnham. Tel. 0252 71483a 

AMZT on April I3ih 1986. peacefully | 
at home. Anne Margery, aged 78. be- 
loved wife ot' John and dear mother 
of Ro*cmar> and Nicholas. Funeral 
1 pm. Wednesday 23rd April. St. 
Andrew's Church. Little 
Serr Damned near Hertford. Flowers 
lo Bur»?ss and Co. Alfred House. 
The Common. Hatfield. She will be 
sanii missed by her family and all 
her friends. 

AUSTIN - On iTih April al Southfield 
Resi Home. Brackley. North Hants, 
peacefully. Reverent Arthur William 
nietflri, awed a? years, husband of 
lh; iaie Heien Austin and father of 
Jean and Frances. Sometime Minis- 
ter oi Congregational Churches at 
T orom. Camoerlcy. Chensey and 
Hob ham. Funeral service al South 
Bar URC. Banbury on Thursday 
2-lh April, at 2pm followed by ere- 
rnaiton Family Rowers only 
Dnuhm rt desired to Banner? 

L P C. Re Development Appeal. En- 
quiries lo Mrs J. Ward. 0869 
A! 0723 

CROWHURST - On April 161(1 1986. 
Supf Kenneth George Deavin. Met 
priieo <Pldv after a prelonqvd battle 
aqainsl illness, home with greal 
rourage and humour. Dearly be- 
lovd husband. father and 
m and father. Funeral service on 
Vt r-dnevdav Apnl 23rd al opm in SI 
Andrews Church. Oxshott. Surrey, 
followed by Cremation. Family (low- 
er*. only, donaitons if desired to 
Glouce-.’er W aid. at Epsom District 

CULUS - On April lath. William Hu- 
bert of Queen's Court Cheltenham, 
and formerly of Balcarras Court. 
Cria-lion Kmqs Funeral service at 
ChHiieuham Crematorium Chapel on 
Thursday Aon l 24 in at 3 pm. 

CURWEN on April ITih. suddenly but 
peacefully, in hts 77th year. Henry 
Nelson Curwen M B.E. Cameron 
Highlanders and London Scottish 
Regimen!. Past Master of the Wor- 
shipful Company of Tobacco Pipe- 
Makers and Tobacco Blenders. 
Dearly loved husband of Celia. Fa 
1 her of Simon. Grandfather of Oliver 
and Thomas. Funeral al Mo Wake 
Crematorium Main Thursday April 
2-ln. No Rowers. Donations, if de- 
sired to the Tobacco Trade 
Benevolent Fund 

DEWSBERT. John Paine* iJacfci. on 
Apnl 16th. gqed 77. Consullant for 
many years at the Maud&ley Hospi- 
tal Loved uy his 4 children. 6 
grandchildren and both ex wives. 
Funeral al 2pm on Thursday 2 *iih 
April, ai Lambeth Crematorium. 
Flowers and enquiries lo Ashion 
Bros. Oi 274 5425 

1 ELC»I - On Thursday April 17th. 
peacefully In her 91st year al St 
Maur's Convent. Wes* bridge. Surer 
Margaret (Jane St a parti 1 eldest 
daughter of the late Mr and Mrs J P. 
Elgin. Inverness, formally of Infant 
Jesus Hostel. Newsham Drive. Liver- 
pool and Mission er for over -30 years 
in h'uala Lumpur. Malaysia. Deeply 
regreded by her sisters, her nephew 
and family- and her sorrowing com- 
munity Requiem Mass on 
Wednesday Apnl 23rd. at St Maui's. 
Vveybndqe at 11 am. 

GROVE - On April 121h after a short 
illness. Doctor Waller Paine* Grove 
C. B.E . Icrm-r Director of The Radio 
Chemical Centre. Amcrsham. Pn- 
ijtc cremation, followed by a 
nv-me-nal serv ice al ChaHont SI. Pe- 
Parish Oiurch 12 noon April 
3t4h. No Rowers please. Donations It 
witned to King’s college Hospital 
Scanner Appeal 

HORDERN wi April 19lh suddenly at 
Chelsea. Eve uwe Mortimer! loved 
wife of Sir Michael. Funeral private, 
no flowers, donations to R.S.P.B. 
The Lodge. Sandy. Beds would be 

JOHNS - On I3«h April 1986 at 
Addenbraoke's hospital. Cambridge. 
Thomas Nelson Page Johns, surgeon 
of Richmond. Virginia FACS, and 
Hon FR.CS. (Glasgow). Beloved 
husband of Helen and father of 
Frank. Jeanne. Jude. Cusste. Tom- 
my and Derek. 

SGHOVE - on March 31sL unexpected- 
ly. Derek Justtn. beloved husband of 
Vera and adored rather of Ann. 
Maiy and Hilary. Dear grandfather 
and much loved Headmaster of SL 
David’s college. Private cremation. 
A Thankswvtng Service win be hrid 
al St. Francis Church. Ravens wood 
Avenue. West Wickham. Kent an 
April 30th at 2_50 ptd. 


JONES on April 18th 1986. Peacefully 
In a Hove Nursing Home In his 88 th 
year. Douglas of 4. Third Avenue. 
Hove. Dearly loved husband of 
Winifred apd loving father of 
Geraldine. Fay and Thomas. Funeral 
Service at worthing Crematorium on 
Thursday April 24Ui at 12 noon. No 
flowers by request. 

JODD In proud and loving memory of 
Captain Ian AlastaU Scott Dodd. 6 
Gurkha Rifles, a ChindU. Wiled In 
Burmah. April 6 th. 1944 aged 23. 

Mr TJ. Goddard 
and Miss VS. Adand 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St Andrew’s, 
Feniton, of Mr Thomas God- 
dard, youngest son of Major and 
Mrs David Goddard, of The 
Mill Lympstonc. Devon, and 
Miss Victoria Acland, daughter 
of Major-General Sir John and 
Lady Acland. of Feniton Court, 
Honiion. Devon. The Rev Rich- 
ard Coath and the Rev W.H.G. 
Kingston officiated. 

Mr DJ. Shttter 

and Miss G.G. Akxander- 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday at Chelsea Old Church 
between Mr Derek Slatter, only 
son of Mr and Mrs A.E. Slatter, 
and Miss Georgina Atexander- 
Sinciair, daughter of Major- 
General and Mrs David 
AJexander-Sindair. The Rev . 
C-E. Leighton Thomson | 
officiated . . 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Joanna Foley, 
Arabella Daglisb. Tessa Ed- 
wards, Alexandra Reeve. Sam- 
uel Aiexander-Sinciatr and 
Matthew Reeve. Mr David 
Painter was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
Duke of York’s Headquarters 
and the honeymoon is being 
spent abroad. 

Mr J-P. Veennan 
and Miss LM. dos Samos 
The marriage took place pri- 
vately an Saturday, April 12, in 
Richmond, Surrey, of Mr Jan- 
Pieter Veennan and Miss Isabel 
Maria da Cunha Serrad dos 


LEES-dONES on 17th April 1986. 
peacefully at home. Alice May. wife 
of the late John and a dearly loved 
m other, grandmother and greal- 
grandroolticr. Funeral Service at 
Lambeth crematorium at 2 30pm on 
Friday 25 tft April, family flowers 
only, but donations appreciated for 
the Fleet Air Arm Benevolent TrusL 

A CIVIC MEMORIAL Service for Lady 
Frailly Dfumjibhay BantanU Honor- 
ary Freeman of the Borough of 
Harrogate wtu take place at SL 
Peters Church. Hatrogaie on Mon- 
day ?eth April al 3.00pm. 

The bride, who was give in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Alexander God- 
dard. Kate Acland. Chloe God- 
dard and Victoria Lanslcy. 
Captain Jamie Gordon was best 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon will be spent 

MrG-A. Instone 
and Miss D. Taylor 
The marriage took place quietly 
on April 11. in St Lucia, 
Windward Isles. West Indies, 
between . Mr Giles Instone, 
fourth son of Mr Frank Instone, 
of Tunbridge Wells, and Mrs 
Frank Instone, of London, and 
Miss Debra Taylor, fourth 
daughter of Mr and Mrs How- 
ard Taylor, of Walnut Creek, 
California. United States. 


Penologist who pioneered 
jail hostel system 

Mr Duncan Fiairn. Assistant 

Under-Secretary of Stale at 
the Home Office from 1964- 
67, who built np an interna- 
tional reputation a 
penologist, died on April 12, 
aged 79. 

He broke new ground by 
being the first man to move 
from work inside prisons - te 
was deputy governor of both 
Manche ster . and Wakefield 
prisons - to the administrative 
rank of under-secretary. 

■ When Fhirn was Chief Di- 
rector of the Prison Depart- 
ment in 2964, lie was ordered 
by Henry Brooke, who was 
then Home Secretary, to lead 
an inquiry into the dramatic 
escape from prison of Charts 
Wilson, serving 30 years for 
the Great Train Robbery. 

Faint's progre ss ive and en- 
lightened views on prisons, 
which were partly inspir ed by 
a strong Quaker faith, were . 
not always popular with other 
penologists, but all respected 
his immense experience. 

Richard Duncan Faim yas 
bom on June 1, 1906, and 
educated at Battersea County 
School and the London 
School of Economics. Having 
spent four years as a voluntary 
prison teacher and visitor, he 
joined the Prison Service in 
1938 as Deputy Governor of 
Manchester Prison and the 
following year transferred to a 
similar appointment at Wake- 
field. In 1942 he was posted as 
Governor of Rochester Bor- 
stal wh ere he remained for 
three years. 

He was the first prmiepa] of 
the Prison Service Staff Col- 
lege at Wakefield from 1946- 
4S and became successively 
Assistant Commissioner of 
Prisons, a Commissioner of 
Prisons, Director of Prison 
Administration arid Chief Di- 

rector of the Prison Depart- 
ment at the Home Office. 

Faint played a leading part 
in the creation of tiw prison 
hostel system, allowing in- 
mates nearing the end ol long 
sentences to go out to an 
ordinary job during the dajftr 
but returning to the prison at 

His vests of experience 
made 1 tiro much in demand 
and he visited many countries 
advising on prison adminis- 
tration. He was chairman of 
the committee investigating 
the deaths of inmates at the 
Hda emergency detention 
camp in Ken vain 1959, and m 
die 1960s he led inquires into 
the death ofDr Robert So Wen, 
a psychologist convicted in 
America of spying for tire 
Russians who committed sui- 
cide while being taken from 
Brixton Prison to Heathrow 

airport to be deported, andfe. 
into the escape of Wilson, the 

into the escape of Wilson, the 
train robber, from Winson 
Green Prison in Birmingham. 

His thoroughness was such 
that he questioned every 
warder about how Wilson 
could, have obtained the keys 
to two high-security locks and 
then simply leave without 
being seen by any of the 

Faim was a thoughtful writ- 

er an<L had two books pub- 
lished: Quakerism, a Faith for 
Ordinary Men ( j 951) and The 
Disinherited Prisoner (1962). 

He once offered a conference 
in Scarborough a . splendid 0 
definition of an intelligent 
man: someone able xo follow a 
Church of England service 
from the prayer book, travel 
across Britain relying only on 
a Bradshaw guidebook, and 
undress discreetly on the 


Mr A.C. Sinclair 
and Mrs AJ. Barker 
The marriage took place quietly 
on Thursday, April 17. in An- 
dover. Hampshire, between Mr 
Alisiair Sinclair, of Church 
Farm House. Longparish. An- 
dover. and Mrs Alexandra 
Barker, of Draycott Avenue, 
London, SW3. A service of 
blessing and dedication was 
held afterwards at St Nicholas' 
Church. Longparish 

Professor Beatrice White, a 
former Vice-Principal of 
Westfield College, London 
University, and an authority 
on Chaucer. Shakespeare and 
Mary Tudor, has died. 

There are two spheres in 
particular in which roe will be 
remembered: her iife at West- 
field College, where she spent 
the last 30 years of her 
academic career, and he r w o r k 
with the English Association, 
to which, for several decades, 
she gave her active and devot- 
ed service. 

She was successively lectur- 
er, reader, professor of English 
lan g ua g e and literature and 
professor emeritus at London - 

In the Engfish. Association. 
White was a member of the 
executive and publications 
committees, co-editor and edi- 
tor for 10 years of The Year's 
Work in English Studies, tire 
collector of two volumes and 
contributor to four volumes of 

Essays and Studies g*«d a 
trusieeibr many years. 

In 1933 The Vulgaria cf 
John. Sraabridge and The 
Vulgariaof Robert WhiUinton 
were punished, .edited by 
White with the same scholarly 
care as die had bestowed a few 
years earlier on Barclay’s Ec- 
logues. The Vuigaria are two 0 
of be n umerous school books 
which led up to Lily’s famous 
Latin grammar, itself more 
widely known in the forra-of 
the Eton Latin Grammar. 

White's Mary Tudor, pub- 

lished in 1935. aims at pre- 
senting the tragedy of Mvy 
Tudor in its true perspective 
of her being faithful to out- 
moded loyalties. The sympa- 
thy u forthe queen, not for tire 
cause. ■ 

She was ; a Fellow of the 
Royal Society of Literature, of 
the Royal Historical Society, 
and of (he Society of Anti- 


JN writes: 

Penelope Begemas was one 
of those rare and memorable 
individuals whose absolute 
joy of living never failed to 
inspire everyone she met. 

Her affection for people, 
horses, an, architecture and 
especially the continent of 
India and its mountains - 
where so aptly for her, but so 
sadly for us, she so suddenly 
died - cannot be exaggerated. 

La a long and exceptionally 
generous life, one devoted to 
her family, she was valued by 
countless friends. . 

It was in later years that 
India became her consuming 
passion. Whether it was tour- 
ing with her adored grandchil- 
dren or friends and instilfing 
in them a fascination for its 
culture, trekking extensively 
in remote areas of the Himala- 
yas, recording the unknown 

and splendid wooden pagoda it. 
temples there or talcing tours, 
her wealth of knowledge and 
wisdom was amazing in its 
diversity and delightful in its 
freshness. Her tremendous 
sense of hum our was never far 
from the surface. 

It wjQ not be easy to forget 
such occasions as mien, with 
almost schoolgirl excitement 
on finding, a particularly ob- 
scure but spendid south Indi- 
an temple in the ruined dty of 
Viyayangar. complete with 
lily-covered pool and spectac- 
ular life-sized granite horse 
pillars, she .rolled out her 
sleeping bag to rest between 
the great beasts and under the 

glittering stars. 

This marvellous, coma- $ 
geous and joyful explorer of 
-life can never be replaced, 
only remembered with love 
and thanksgiving by all who 
knew her. 

UNMCTON on 18UI April after a 
brave fight. Gwen, a dear tnotoer to 
Peler. Michael. Richard and their 
families, and a friend to many. Ser 
vice al 1.15 on 25th Apnl at AU 
Saints. EUrcftlngton. Flowers lo Gore 
Brothers. Margate. 


life and works of Dr. Joan Moore. 
O B E. al toe Parish Church of St. 
Nicholas. Harpenden at 2.00p.m. Fri- 
day April 2Sth. Donations to League 
of Friends. Harpenden M em o r ial 

BYRAMT - A Memorial Service f« 
Derek Byram will be held al St Mary 
Al Hill Parish Church. Lovats Lane. 
London ECS at 12 noon on Tuesday 
22nd April 1986. 

School announcements 

Brentwood School 

Trinity Term begins today. An 

Industry Year lecture, lo be 

given by Sir Alex Jarratt, will be 
held in the memorial hall on 

MACLEOD . LL Col.. Sandy al his 
home in n. Cyprus on Apnl 17th. 
deforce husband of Ann. 

McKELVIE- Suddenly at 66 Earlston 
Rd. Stow, on Apnl t7ih 1986. 
AUSdair OB£_ MB. CHB.. beloved 
husband of Helen inee Waison) tale 
o' Nigeria and Ghene. Service al SI 
Mao of Whuk Church. Slow, on 
Tuesday 22 al 3 15om (oil owed by 
cremation ai Morion Hall Crematon- 
um. Pen Hand Chapel at 4 15pm. No 
flowers Mease. If desired donations 
may be sent to BCLRA. Man* lepers 
were healed by his loving hand 

MORGAN on April 17th Edgar of 23 
P?nliwynrhodyn Rd. LLanem. Dyi- 
ed. beloved husband of toe Iaie Gene, 
dearly loved father of Vaiene and a 
devoted brother. 

CCOL - There will be a Memorial Ser- 
vice for Lord David Cedi. CH. on 
Thursday, l May 1986 at 2.30 p m. 
in The Cathedral. Christ Church. 

LESLIE -KMC ■ A Service of Thanks- 
giving for the life oi Anita Leslie-King 
will be held at the Church of toe im- 
maculate Conception. Farm Street 
on Thursday 24th April at 3.30pm. 

MACKINTOSH - A Memorial Service 
tor-James Asher Mackintosh will be 
held ai uw church of St Mary The 
virqin. Broomfield. Essex at 12 noon 
on Saturday 26(h of AprIL 

SMAULPAGE - There will be a Service 
of Thanksgiving lor Nigel Small page 
at Vorv Mmsier. on Tuesday. May 
13<h al 12 noon 


OUCHTON - On April 16th at SI 
Richard’s Hospital. Chichester Er 
nest Ralph, adored husoand of 
Gwendoline and father of Richard. 
Service unvale. Enquiries and flow- 
ers to Eduard White & Son 5. South 
F^llant Chichester Tel: 782136 Do 
naira ns to Ov erseas Service 
Pensioners AsoctaUon. 63 Church 
Road. Hove. Memorial service to be 
announced later 

PLUMMER . Edito Margaret (nee 
Astray 1 on Apnl 2 nd aqed 79 ui 
Bngnlon Formerly of Ely. For 48 
years wife ot uie Rev. Arthur 

GOULDS* 0II April 19Jh In London. 
Gonrran h:eton. dearly beloved lius- 
hand or Nancyo. brofher of John, 
faforr of Oliver. Nicholas and 
Elisabeth, and grandfather of 
Charles and Kate. Jane. Judy and 
Polly. William and Daniel Private 
Cremation. Family flowers only, do 
““w d desired to British Heart 

RALSTON on lllh April. 1986. at 
Crowfitonie. Ma/garel Evelyn 
McNeill, wife of the Iaie Bngadler 
Alexander Ralston, molner of Mar- 
gate! ano grandmother of Alexander 
and Sebastian Funeral service at Si. 
Andrews Garrison Church. Queens 
Av»nue. Aldershot, on Wednesday. 
2atd April, al 2.30 pm. 

HEDCATE Geoffrey William. 
20 11.1924 21.4.1985 Blessed are 
the pure in heart. 

SCHNEKm Louis. LL-B . died 21st 
Apnl 1967. in loving memory. More 
sadly missed as the years go by. 

STOWE - william Douglas Kerr, be- 
loved hussand loving father who 
died so suddenly on a sponsored 
walk. Sunday April toe 23rd 1985 
My undying love pride and gratitude 
for yova" life and our golden years 
together. ’D.D. My dear and only 
love. I love thee with the breath. 
smiles, tears of all my life, and U god 
choose. I shall but love thee better but 
after death.' Peart 

STONE - Hyman. In loving memory. 
Dorothy, victor and Jonathan. 

held in the memorial hall on 
May 8. The choral society will 
be performing Mozart’s Corona- 
tion Mass and Haydn’s Te 
Deum at St Thomas’s Church 
on May 9 and 10. The middle 
school play. The Children's 
Crusade . will be performed on 
May 15 , 16 and 17. The inspect- 
ing officer for CCF inspection 
day on May 16 will be Air Vice- 
Marshal R.C.F. Peirse. and the 
Old Brentwoods* Society annual 
dinner will be on May 23 at the 
school. Half-term is from May 
23 to June 1. Senior prize giving 
will be on July 5. when the guest 
of honour, Mr Trevor Brooking, 
will officially open the new 
sports hall, and the preacher will 
be Canon John Matthews. Vicar 
and Rural Dean of Great 
Dunmow. Term ends on July 1 1 
when the junior school athletics 
finals and prize-giving will be 
held and the guest ofhonourwill 
be Mr N.E. Tote man. 

begins today. JJVL Garner 
(Elwyn’s) is head of school. The 
founder’s day service is on May 
1 8 at the parish church at 1 lam. 
The choral society will perform 
Parcy's Blest pair cf Sirens and 
Vivaldi's Gloria on May 17 anH 
1 8. Old Fetetedian day is on July 
5. The Felsted festival runs from 
July 5 to 10. The Good Woman 
cf Setzuan by .Brecht will be 
performed on July 5. 6 and 7. 
Speech day is on July I i when 
the guest of honour will be 
Dame Anne Warburton. Half 
term is from May 24 to 27. Term 
ends on July 12. 

May 14 and a luncheon win be . 
held at school on Sunday, July 6, 1 
for old girls and staff who left in 
the last decade. Tickets -are 
available for both occasions. 
Half term is May 26-30 and 
terms ends, on Thursday, July 

Kelly College 

Summer Term bqgiiis -today. 
The e x a m ina t ions for academic 
and music scholarships lairg 
place on May 11, 12 and 13. 
Founder’s day is on May 23, 
when the co mm e m oration 
preacher will be the Right Rev 
Richard Cartwright, chairman 
of the board of governors, and 
foe prizes will be presented by 
Councillor C.W. Smyly. Mayor 
of Tavistock. On July 5 Kelly 
eft oral society and orchestra wifi 
rave a performance orDvorak’s 
Stabat Mater and term ends oh 
July 10. 

The Lady Eleanor Holies 

Sommer Term of die 275th 
anniversary year begins on April 
23 and ends on July 16. Half 
term is May 26-30 inclusive. 
The school wifi launch its 275th 
anni versa ry appeal with the 
vice-presidents’ reception on 
Apnl 24. The anniversary 
celebration week will be from - 
July 7-12 with the Holly. Club 
family day on Saturday, July 12 
(details are available from the 
Secretary of the Holly dub. care 
of the school). Any former 
member of the school who 
would like to be associated with 
the appeal, which is to find an 
arts centre in which the art 
building will be a memorial to 
Rutil Garwood-Scott, Head- 
mistress from 1949-1974, is 
invited to contact The Appeal 
Office. The Lady Eleanor Hoiks 
School. Hampton. Middlesex. 
TWI23HF. A service of thanks- 


RODGERS Emcsl Stanley M B E.. 
BSc.. on I6th April al Innistm*. 91 
The Ridgev.ay. CuJFlpy. Hem. 
Funeral service al North aw Parish 
Church on Monday 28to Apnl al 
Ham. information from Chas 
Notoerroit & Son. Pnnrrs Bar Tel 
52288. lo whom flowers may he lent 
by 9.30am on 23ih Apnl. 

w niWD HauumsoN for 

nwrljr Of Danby 

Slrcct.Prcbham London, and 
Wall on Road. Stamp. Kcm 
ptr«w con wet Mr Pd«r Ron- 
Miw. PO Bo« 10. ate* man. 

MD t_ JLA 206*2 


-StHtaUb of JUV BrltKb 

r'-plK* of whs monunmii re- 

qur-uro Oy LfFE Migozme 01 
409 4060 ml 260 

Felixstowe College 
Summer Term begins today. 
The open day for preparatory 
school heads is on May 6. and 
any who have not received 
invitations are asked to apply. 
New girls’ days wifi be on June 1 
for juniors and July 3 for sixth 
formers- The leavers' ball will be 
on July 4 and the ok! girls’ 
reunion on July 5; special 
invitations are extended to 
those who left in I9S6. 1966 and 
1 976 and to former members of 
Tyndale House. Parents' day is 
on July 1 1. when the preacher at 
the leavers* service will be the 
Rev Rex Bird, 

Giggleswick School 
Summer Term begins today. Mr 
Peter Hobson, previously a 
Housemaster at Wellington Col- 
lege, Berkshire, takes up his 
appointment as headmaster. 
R.R. Waldie continues as head 
of school. J.M. Flint is captain 
of cricket and J.K. Ingham 
captain of athletics. The Bishop 
of Bradford will hold a service of 
confirmation on May 4. Speech 
day is on July 1 2; the preacher at 
the commemoration service will 
be the Bishop of Bangor and 
prizes will be presented by Mr 
Raul Fox Managing Director of 
Yorkshire Television. 


Ttunki lor 
J J M apd C E- A 

Felsted School 

Summer Term at Felsted School 

Haberdashers' Agile's 
School for Girls, ESstree 
Summer Term begins today and 
Susan Allen Continues as head 
girl. The choral and orchestral 
concert will be held on May 1 
and 3 with performances of 
Poulenc’s Gloria and Rossini’s 
Stabai Mater. The lower 
schools* musical play Papertown 
Paperchase will take place on 

May 20 and 22. Open day will be 
Saturday afternoon. July 5. and 
parents, prospective parents and 
old girls are invited to a recep- 
tion at Haberdashers Hall on 

Octofe 9. 1986, at Ham. 
Admission will beTjy ticket only 
and applications should be 
made to the scfrooL 

Leighton Park School, Reading 
Summer Term at Leighton Park 
o^ms today and wifi end on 
Saturday, July 12. Open day is 
Saturday, May 1 7, and music for 
a summer evening is on Sat- 
urday, June 21. . .. 

Summer Term at Marlborough 
College begins, today. Mr. David 
Cope has succeeded Mr Roger 
Ellis as master. Tom Marriott 

(C3) becomes senior prefect. 
Commemoration weekend is 

Commemoration weekend is 
June 7 and 8, when the preacher 
wifi be the Right Rev Peter 
Walker, Bishop of Ely. The 
-rugby match will be on July 9 
and 10 at Rugby. Half-term is 
from May 22 to 27 and term 
ends on July 11. 

Moira Himw 

Summer Term at Moira House 
begins today. Dr Cynthia While 
and Mr Kenneth . Hill have 

joined the council. Mrs Jane 
Hill joins the staff of the junior 
school The new school knights 
are Catherine Jones and Sheena 
Rosier. Open- day is on Sat- 
urday, June 28, and the school 
guest s are the Mayor and May- 
<»ess of Eastbourne. The ex- 
change with Lobne hi Germany 
wires place from June 29 to July 

Wefiiiigijarmigfc School 
Trinity Term begins today and 
ads on July 1 1. Open day and 
P** 1 Wellingburian summer day 
is on Saturday. July 5. 3 

giving and re-dedication will be 
held m St Paul’s Cathedral on 

A number of news items 
have been held oyer be- 
cause of pressure of 



N( 'V 




of state 

A South African undertaker 
buried 34 children in a five-' 
month period last year, all of 
them victims of state violence. 
In Wimas to Apartheid 
(Channel 4) lus recorded voice 
was heard as be went through 
his records describing the 
multiple wounds from whips 
and gnus which had ended the 
chtidreu's fives. The undertak- 
er himself did not appear on 
the film because, as the com- 
mentary pTrphrinfd, he was 
detained by the police before 
he could speak to the camera. 

The film was a chilling 
catalogue of brutality and 
despair. There was visual 
evidence of attacks on schools, 
arrests of children as young as 
seven years old and 
leaving massive scars on 
adults and teenagers. One 
iatentafianal authority esti- 
mated that 83 per emit of 
people detained by the police 
hi Sooth- Africa are physically 

Many of the young black 
leaders explained that the 
rising generation in the town- 
ship is resigned to dying in the 
cause of freedom; a white 
woman, who supported apart- 
heid, agreed with this pretfic- 
tion and suggested that a 
massacre on the scale of 
Sharpevffie was the only way 
to preserve the security of ber 
race - and an acceptable way 
of doing so/ 

The producer and director of 
this film was Sharon Sopher, a 
former NBC journalist who 
was persuaded to make the 
programme by one of its chief 
subjects. Bishop Desmond 
Tutu. Their concern was 
raised by the fact that, despite 
the presence of 200 journalists 
in South Africa, material of 
this kind rarely escapes state 
control. The media are re- 
stricted by violent intimida- 
tion. At the conclusion of die 
programme, Sopher recon- 
structed her own arrest and 
detention during filming , and 
used a montage of other 
camera ertws under attack 
with whips and tear gas by. 
Sooth African police. . ; 

Helmut (BBC2> is a German . 
serial which also explored die 
quality of inhumanity, hot in a 
persuasively lyrical style. The 
series is a portrait of life in a 
small German village from 
1919 until the present, and » 
to be screened consecutively 
over 11 evenings. . This estab- 
lishing episode outlined the 
foundations of the drama, 
sketching with subtlety a 
small-minded, xenophobic 
community entertaining itself 
with prednpee. Bdmat has 
been touted as proof that the 
soap open fonn can accommo- 
date serious content, bat its 
structure is tar more cinematic 
than televisual, and -it prom- 
ises to be an exquisite 16-hoar 
art movie. 

Credo (Channel 4) retained 
for a new series with a 
thorough examination of the 
confrontation between femi- 
nism and Christianity hi Brit- 
ain, a Birmingham ricar 
declared than an egalitarian 
society was a Godless society; 
more sophisticated theolo- 
gians pointed out that die 
concept of women's eqnaUty 
laid an axe at the root of 
Christian doctrine. Not sur- 
prisingly, several groups of 
thinking female. Christians 
were looking for solutions 
outside the established church 

Andrey Tarkovsky (left), 
the great Russian Mm 
director, has at last put 
his own ‘reflections on 
the cinema’ into book 
form: in this excerpt 
from Sculpting in Time, 
to be published this 
week, he investigates the 
unique magic of his art 

The human need to 
master and know 
the whole world 


Just too 

Billy Cobham’s 
Glass Menagerie 


With bis explosive playing 
style and highly developed 
technique. Billy Cobbam 
earned the dubious accolade 
among rock audiences. _ un- 
used to such an advanced jazz- 
playing facility, of being “the 
befl drummer in the world”. 
His exemplary work with jazz 
* fusioniszs such as Miles Davis 
and the Maha'ishnu Orches- 
tra, and such outstanding solo 
albums as Spectrum (1973) 
and Total Eclipse ( 1 974), con- 
firmed his reputation for gran- 
diose virtuoso playing on 
enormous double and. iatier- 

-jcf&apt enormous oouoie ana, lauci- 

* JS ly. even triple bass drum kits. 
Typical Tarkovsky in Ivan f s Childhood — "Memories of peacetime: *a cartload of apples. Whether be ran out of 
and horses, wet with rain, gleaming in the son*.” energy . or simply lost enihusi- 

Wby do people go to the cinema? 
What takes them into a darkened 
room where, for two hours, they 
waidb the . play of shadows on a 
sheet? The search for entertain- 
ment? The need for a kind of drug? 
All over the world there are, indeed, 
entertainment firms and organ- 
isations which exploit cinema and 
television and spectacles of many 
other kinds. Our starting-point, 
however, should not be there, but m 
the essential principles of cinema, 
which have to do with the human 
need to master and know the world. 
1 think that what a person normally 
goes to the cinema for is time: for 
time lost or spent or not yet had. He 
goes there for living experience; for 
cinema, like no other art, widens, 
enhances and concentrates a 
person's experience — and not only 
enhances it but makes it longer, 
significantly longer. That is the 
power of cinema: “stars” story- 
lines and entertainment have noth- 
ing to do with it. . 

What, is the essence of the 
author’s work? We could define it as 
sculpting in time. Just as a sculptor 
takes a lump of marble, . and, 
inwardly conscious of the features 
of his finished - piece, removes 
everything that is not part of it — so 

the film-maker, from a “lump of 
time” made up of an enormous, 
solid cluster of living facts, cuts off 
and discards whatever he does not 
need, leaving only what is to be an 
element of the finished film, what 
wifi prove to be integral to the 
cinematic image. 

Cinema is said to be a composite 
art. based on the involvement of a 
number of neighbour art-forms: 
drama, prose, acting, painting, mu- 
sic ... In fact the “involvement” of 
these art-forms can, as it turns out, 
impinge so heavily on cinema as to 
reduce it to a kind of mishmash, or 
— at best — to a mere semblance of 
harmony in which the heart of 
cinema is not to be found, because it 
is precisely in those conditions that 
it ceases to exist. It has to be made 
clear once and for all that if cinema 
is an an it cannot simply be an 
. amalgam of the principles of other, 
contiguous art-forms: only having 
done that can we turn to the 
question of the allegedly composite 
nature of film. A meld of literary 
thought and painterly form will not 
be a cinematic image: it can only 
produce a more or less empty or 
pretentious hybrid. 

Nor must the laws of movement 
and the organisation of time in a 

film be replaced by the time-laws of 

Time in the form of fact again 1 
come back to it. I see chronicle as 
the ultimate cinema; for me it is not 
a way of filming but a way of 
reconstructing, of re-creating life. 

I once taped a casual dialogue. 
People were talking without know- 
ing they were being recorded. Then I 
listened to the tape and thought bow 
brilliantly it was “written" and 
“acted”. The logic of the characters' 
movements, the feeling, the energy 
- how tangible it all was. How 
euphonic the voices were, how 
beautiful the pauses? ... No 
Stanislavsky could have found justi- 
fication for those pauses, and 
Hemingway’s stylistics seem preten- 
tious and naive in comparison with 
the way that casually recorded 
dialogue was constructed . . . 

This is how I conceive an ideal 
piece of filming: the author takes 
millions of metres of film, on which 
systematically, second by second, 
day by day and year by year, a man's 
life, for instance, from birth to 
death, is followed and recorded, and 
out of all that comes two and a half 
thousand metres, or an hour and a 
half of screen time. (It is curious 

also to imagine those millions of 
metres going through the hands of 
several directors for each to 
his film — how different thev would 
all be!) 

And even though it would not be 
possible to have those millions of 
metres, the ’’ideal” conditions of 
work are not as unreal as ail that, 
and they should be what we aspire 
to. In what sense? The point is to 
pick out and join together the bits of 
sequential fact, knowing, seeing and 
hearing precisely wh 2 i lies between 
them and what kind of c hain holds 
them together. That is cinema. 
Otherwise we can easily slip on to 
the accustomed path of theatrical 
playwriting, building a plot-struc- 
ture based on given characters. The 
cinema has to be free to pick out and 
join up facts taken from a “lump of 
time" of any width or length. Nor 
do 1 think that it's necessary to 
follow one particular person. On the 
screen the logic of a person's 
behaviour can transfer into the 
rationale of quite different — appar- 
ently irrelevant — frets and phe- 
nomena, and the person you started 
with can vanish from the screen, 
replaced by’ something quite differ- 
ent, if that is what is required by the 
author's guiding principle. For in- 

stance it is possible to make a film 
in which there is no one hero 
character figuring throughout the 
film, but where everything is de- 
fined by the particular foreshorten- 
ing effect of one person's view of 

Cinema is capable of operating 
with any fact diffused in time; it can 
lake absolutely anything from life. 
What for literature would be an 
occasional possibility, an isolated 
case (for instance the interpolation 
of “documentary material” in 
Hemingway's book of shon stories. 
In Our Time) is for cinema the 
working of its fundamental artistic 
laws. Absolutely anything! Applied 
to the fabric of a play or a novel that 
“absolutely anything” could appear 
limitless; it is most limited for a 

Juxtaposing a person with an 
environment that is boundless, 
collating him with a countless 
number of people passing by close 
to him and far away, relating a 
person to the whole world: that is 
the meaning of cinema. 

• Sculpting in Time is published on 
Thursday by The Bodley Head at 
£14.95 hardback and £7. 95 paperback. 



The Beggar’s 
Opera or /’ 
Royal Lyceum, 

Where Brecht set his updated 

slickest and most sentimental 
forms. • 

Here, the current vogue for 
rode musical s p e ct acula r s and 
escapist video fantasy joins 
forces with a variety of Muzak 
parodies, to encase the tale, as 
Gay's original both used and 
was a spoof of 18th-century 
Italian opera. The cast-cum- 
chonis then becomes a band, 
stacked up on Colin McNeil’s 

BBC Singers/ 
Si John’s 

For his Hymn to Cybele Bayan 
Nonhcott has turned to some 
of the gorier pages of ancient 
Roman verse. In Catullus's 
Atris the impetuous warrior 
wishes to dedicate himself to 
the goddess Cybele, so (in 
North cott’s elegant transla- 

tion) he “shears off his man- 
hood with a sharp flint”. He 
realizes next morning that he 
was a bit hasty, but unfortu- 
nately this particular surgery 
is non-reversible. To add in- 
sult to injury, the goddess then 
punishes him for having nos- 
talgic thoughts. 

The poem is possibly an 
allegorical warning about the 
dangers of fanatical and vio- 
lent devotion to any political 

or religious cause. But it does guese composer Emmanuel 
not really matter, because in Nunes drew on early 17th- 

Threepenny version of The tongu^in-cteek extravagantly 
Beggar's Opera in .Victorian JJ ™* \ 

Beggar’s Opera in Victorian ureseusuw sei, 

London, thV new joint pro- n®* out m nothing dafter 
duction from Wildcat Stage than y<w mjght src on your 

Elizabeth Hall/ 
Radio 3 

Prcriuctionsand theLyceum screemfipmfrceandntiflesio 
is set against a backdrop of SSE2S’ 

is set against a backdrop of transvestites in suspenaers. _ If I had to single out one 
neo-Victoriana, in Peachum's Within the framework ol aspect of Mitsuko Uchida's 
Poorhouse, a modern theme- nostalgic trendiness, uavid paying in this latest instal- 
pub/night-dub — the theme MacLennan s adaptation m ent of her complete cycle of 
hftincsftuned-uooklie-workiie keeps the broad narrative of Mozart’s niano concertos with 

being souped-up oldie- worldie 

iver Twist , cocktails). Here {■««* to bring the parallels 

Mozart's piano concertos with 
the English Chamber Orches- 
tra. I would emphasize its 

Peach am, a duplicitous cow- between organized under- integrity. She has thought 
boy, who uses the dub as a nrond come and ngures oi through her ideas about Mo- 
front for organized crime. - ao ^ or iy i ° 1 10 r 0 ^ . zart so convincingly that you 

stages the updated version of MacHeath, here a freelance nearly always feel won round 
John Gay’s I8th-centnryorigk mercenary in every sense ot even to the more eyebrow- 
nnl, as an extravaganza. whose activities raising ones (she likes to 

i nc l ude exporting weaponry to charge into cadenzas rather 

It is an immensely witty tispot dictators, tries to many 
concept, the criticism of “Vic- Peachum’s daughter, Polly, 

torian values” immediately now a glamorous, pugnacious 
implied by the context form- little punk (Maggie Ryder). 

ing a basis for political satire 
(and Gay's satire had his next 
play banned by Walpole), 
while at the same time, again 
on the same lines as the 

Peachum, a nattily spatted, 
thinly disguise and very fun- 
ny Scots chancer from Gerry 
Mulgrew, spotting unrest, con- 

spires with Lockit, now a chief indistinct note. - 

even to the more eyebrow- 
raising ones (she likes to 
charge into cadenzas rather 
breezily). Her phrasing 
throughout this concert was 
immaculately stylish without 
being mannered: she favoured 
steady, indeed expansive tem- 
pi but the rythms did not flag; 
she pedalled quite liberally, 
but 1 can hardly recall a single 

Gelia Brayfield| dying popular 

original, both using and paro- inspector, played with cool 
dving popular culture is its chirm by Steven Wren, to 


jLes Contes 



is its charm by Steven Wren, to 
-n frame MacHeath, tidy him 
away, and keep the racket 

I quiet, as it were. At the last 
minute, MacHeath is saved, 
not from hanging, but from “a 
tragic accident” while in po- 

A limiting factor did be- 
come prominent, though, in 
the Concerto in C major, 
KLS03. Miss Uchida's piano 
tone is beautiful — of a velvety 
fullness and softness and yet 
firmly outlined, a most indi- 

lice custody, and the crime of vidual sound — but it is also 
which he is accused is being unvarying; I was puzzled as to 


Conductor* Charles. I>utoit 

April 22, 25,29*; 

May 3*, 7, 10 at 7.00pm 

•PnsMipoiiMrcdbi Midland Bank 

Tickets £2 - £40 

Cast includes: 
Neil Shicoff 
Samuel Ramey 
Luciana Serra 
Karan Armstrong 
Nelly Miricioiu 

Reservations 01-240 1066 Claire Powell 

“As Olympia, Luciana ee Luciana Serra’s 
Serra not only sings devastatingly funny 

immaculately, but 
executes her doll- 
like movements to j 
perfection/ 9 ’ 

Fttrr Wry»oMfc, T*r OtMtrzxr 

Olympia which 
jk was superbly 
gtsuiig into the 
W bargain." 

flixpu RdkmM ! 
s*— — Op+ra ! 




It is a thin story, its main 
purpose befog to provide a 
vehicle for biting political 
satire. But here, despite a witty 
and caustic script (for South 
Sea Bubble read British 
Telecom shares), it does not 
hold together. Without tbs 
back-up of suggested opera 
parody, the narrative, stret- 
ched very thinly here, feels too 
spurious to support the satiri- 
cal material A feeling of 
unease infects the production, 
which never seems to be quite 
sure on what level of parody 
or reality to operate. It stops 
and starts in an uncomfort- 
able, uncertain way which 
only really loosens up during 
the songs. 

Here David McNiven’s 
huge talent for pastiche wryly 
mat che s every song to its 
subject — an a capella song for 
the macho drinking boys, a 
country-aDd- western sheriff's 
song for the chief inspector, 
semi-serious sentimentality 
for Polly’s song (beautifully 
delivered by Maggie RydeT) 
and even a pastiche Weill 
“with a Brechrian teat”. Here 
the musical talent of the cast is 
undoubted, displayed in both 
their versatility and the brash 
vitality which they bring to the 
music, that somehow is dissi- 
pated in between musical 

whether this is conscious 
choice on her pan, or whether 
it indicates a lack of options. It 
may simply have been a 
strange acoustical conse- 
quence of taking the lid off the 
piano, as you usually have to 
do when conducting from the 

keyboard. But 1 am not sure 
that such monochrome 
melowness is quite right in 
K503, in which the sunlight 
shined more brightly than in 
any other Mozart concerto 
(except perhaps K467, also in 
O; much of the passagework 
did not sparkle as it should. 

That said. Miss Uchida's 
over-view of this effortlessly , 
brilliant work was impressive: 1 
grand and spacious in the 
opening paragraphs, rythm- 
ically alive at all points, and 
with an agreeably idiomatic 
cadenza (her own?) in the first 
movement - big, but then this 
is a big concerto. The F major 
Concerto, K413, in the first 
half of the concert suited Miss 
Uchida's style even better. She 
brought a wonderfully unaf- 
fected touch to its enchanting 
little Larghetto, finding a tem- 
po which allowed the curious 2 
ly constructed phrases of the 
opening tune to drop into each 
other quite naturally, deliver- 
ing its later exquisite orna- 
mentation with a lovely 
straightforwardness (letting 
Mozart do the talking), and 
securing some telling, orches- 
tral support, especially from 
the woodwind. 

Earlier, the leader Jose-Luis 
Garcia had directed the or- 
chestra in Handel’s Concerto 
Grosso in B flat. Op 3 No 2 — a 
likeable prelude to what was 
to follow, with Neil Black 
making much of the long- 
breathed oboe phrases in its 
Largo second movement. 

Malcolm Hayes 

Nonhcott’s 10-minute piece 
hardly a word emerges clearly 
from the complex choral tex- 
tures. despite the best 
endeavours of the BBC Sing- 
ers, giving an assured first 
performance under John 
Midis's direction. In particu- 
lar. the three soloists had to 
work hard to be heard at all, 
and this seriously undermined 
the dramatic impact. 

That said, the work im- 
pressed with its luxurious 
harmonic palette, its careful 
variation in choral register, its 
discreet use of percussion 
(mainly vibraphone) and dou- 
ble bass, and above all its 
passionate sweep from its 
opening siren-calls to a tense 

Minnesang by the Portu- 

century German religious 
verse, but in a far more 
distorted way. Its first 10 
minutes were occupied by a 
major-third interval, held in 
some of the 12 unaccompa- 
nied voices against an increas- 
ingly intrusive background <of 
quasi-speech. Then this hyp- 
notic texture snapped, the 
choral techniques became 
darker, more declamatory’ and 
varied, and occasionally an 
eerie ecclesiastical tone per- 
vaded the harmonies. 

The texts hinted enigmati- 
cally at a metaphysical change 
possible by meditation; in this 
radiantly confident British 
premiere the music did not fall 
too short of evoking this 
worthy eternal goal. 

Richard Morrison 

energy, or simply lost enthusi- 
asm for holding the tide of 
biggest and fastest gun in 
town, remains a matter of 
conjecture, but his show at the 
newly tarted-up Dingwalls 
was so restrained as to be 
\crgjng on the timid. 

While the occasional flour- 
ish and one or two solos 
showed his sureness of touch, 
speed of reflex and ambidex- 
trous abilities to be largely 
undimin.shed. ihe material 
played boreal! the qualities of 
easv listening jazz-rock of a 
particularly anodyne nature. 
Although Gerry Elkins's syn- 
thesizer solos and Dean 
Brown's guitar forays were 
accompanied by much slack- 
jawed grimacing and shaking 
of the head, their contribu- 
tions were like treacle splash - 
ing on a lightly baked sponge. 
The studious-looking Cob- 
ham. supported by' Baron 
Browne on bass and Sa Davis 
on percussion, kept to an 
amiable, relaxed groove, often 
with a massive Latin under- 

The superlative standard of 
the playing ensured that the 
experience was by no means 
unpleasant but the approach 
seemed curiously spineless. 
“Light Shines In Your Eyes” 
could scarcely be heard above 
the chattering of the crowd, 
while a brief retrospective 
section included arrange^ 
ments of "Stratus" and “Red 
Baron” that were travesties of 
the originals. 

The market for supper-club 
fusion is a bard one to locate, 
and. while the crowd at Ding- 
walls gave him a good recep- 
tion. Cobham may have to 
look elsewhere for the new 
“audiophile” audience that he 
now appears to be seeking. 

David Sinclair 

• Lady Barbirolli is to chair 
the jury for the gala concerto 
final which forms the climax 
to the BBC “Young Musician 
of the Year 1986" competi- 
tion. to be shown on BBC2 on 
April 27. The final is to be held 
in the Free Trade Hall, 




\ >rs»60th BIRTHDAY 


iWjk J 

On April 21&t the- notion ni!l unite to wish imr beloved 
Queen a hjppi- birthday. A fitting moment lor .ill lu 
reflect on her man\ achievement*. Her dignity and 
presence contribute 90 much to our Brilivh wav oi life. 
Therefore wijft immense pride we offer YOU exclusively 
lho*e commemorative thimbles and tankard. 

Tankards ate traditionally popular John Ball has excelled 
in this beautiful example. V-;" high, richly and regally 
decorated, end hand gilded With — cl gold This work 01 
china art by Sutherland will grace your home £14.95. 
Antiqued Pewter Thimble (1) bv the lamed MacMillan 
Studios, represents the Queen on her favourite horse 
•Burmese' Taking the salute Trooping the Colour. 
Remarkable value at £5.95 

The Agateware Thimble (2) is richly gilded with si , 22 cl 
gold bands Tony Bouchei rediscovered a technique Inst 


Scotland Direct Ltd, Dept TQ. 

~ filr^sas, Thistle Mill Biggar. MU 2 bU> 

with Josiah Wedgwood 18 hand crafting stages produce 
each thimble? The finished pink marble eft vet and gold 
silhouette is breath-taking.' Such beauiv. vours for only 

The Bone China Thimble (3) was designed by John Ball, 
leading commemorative arti-L With two 22 cl gold 
bands iLs show* our Queen reviewing the Guards. 
Crafted bv Sutherland Bone China, at only £5.95. 

All pieces limited fo only 10 days casting ensuring 
e-wluMVrtv and rarity Each ha» a Certificate of 

IVe strongly advise you lo order today Pfeaso add 85p 
per order to cover pi: pand insurance and allow 28 days 
tor delivery. Money refunded 1 ! not delighted. 

A lew e, elusive ‘Andrew 
and Sarah* engagement 
thimbles are still available ai 


:i hr mrpwwii si bvh 1 




A selection fiom our 21 sales in London this week. 


it late 

'New Art New World 1 in aid of The Save the 
children Fund: Tbesday 22 April at 730 p.m., King Street: 
The student organisers of this auction have attracted 
the support of nearly 70 leading contemporary artists 
from around the world. This important collection promises 
to be the largest and most significant charitable sale 
of contemporary art AH the proceeds are to be donated to 
The Save die Children Fund's extensive development 
schemes that are befog carried out in the affected areas of 
East Africa. 

EXHIBITION 15ft - 24th APR! 

MOW? ro M»- 0P» ttJMflD 



Important European Sculpture and Works of Ait: 
Thursday 24 April at II un.. King Street: 

A fascinating sale with items to be offered ranging from 
the early 15th century to the I9tb century including 
the earliest known English portrait bust in marble of the 
American statesman, scientist and philosopher; 
Benjamin Franklin, by lohn Michael Rysbrack as well as 
a colourful glazed terracotta lunette from Florence 
with angels and cherubim by Giovanni della Robbia. 

19th Century and 20th Century Photographs: 
Thursday 24 April at 2 p.m., South Kensington: This salt is 
highlighted by a fine and rare book of photographs on 
Egypt, Nubia and the Holy Land taken between 1849 and 
1851 by Maxime du Camp. It is the first major French 
book to be illustrated with photographs; the first published 
work to include photographs of die Middle East and 
the first comprehensive photographic documentation of the 
topography of a region and of its monuments. 

English Drawings and Watercolours: Tuesday 29 April 
at U a.m., Ring Street: The collector of drawings and 
watercolours will have excellent opportunities to find 
reasonably priced decorative items [estimates range from 
£100 to £15,000). Major watercolourists represented 
include Hector Caffieri; Helen Allingha m, John William 
Noah and Archibald Thorbum. 

Viewing: King Street: Weekdays 9 a-m.-4.45 pan. _ 
Enquiries: (01] 839 9060 

South Kensington: Mondays 9 a.m.-7 pan- 
Tuesday to Friday 9 a. m. -4.45 pan. 
Enquiries: (01) 581 76U 

Chriariefc have 25 offices throughout the UK. If you would like to know the name of your nearest representative please 
telephone Caroline Treffgame on (01) 588 4424. 

Sarah Hemming 

«US9O0fflff- UfBTBV 5/ MUS 

na! nop. 

an- p lo £ 
2 - dec- 


!o tor 

the Is 

o: i. 







Sadness as Britons pull out of west Beirut 

Beirut (AP) - Britain evacu- 
ated most of its remaining 
nationals from Muslim west 
Beirut yesterday, after the 
killing of two kidnapped Brit- 
ons and one American by 
terrorists seeking to avenge 
the US attack on Libya. 

The British Ambassador. 
Mr John Gray, said that 32 
Britons, one American, one 
Irishman and one New Zea- 
lander were evacuated to 
Christian east Beirut. 

He would not give the names 
of any of the evacuees. He said 
a few Britons remained in 
kidnap-plagned west Beirut, 
but weald not give their num- 
ber or names. 

The evacuees were driven in 
two police buses and four cars 
across Beirut's dividing Green 
Line into the Christian sector 
of the Lebanese capital at first 
light. Jeep-loads of Drnze and 

Letter from Moscow 

It’s hats off as the 
winter dies out 


■ W -: 1 

■ * 

Sfe : 

P - 

BA agency 
bombed in 

Peshawar (Reuter) — A 
bomb here yesterday badly 
damaged a British Airways 
ticket agent's office, injuring 
one man, but Pakistani police 
said that a man seen taking a 
bag into the building and then 
running away without it two 
minutes before the blast had 
been arrested. 

Police said the office was I 
empty at the time but refused | 
to give further information. 
Originally police and witness- j 
es had identified the office as 
the Aviona travel agency. 

Witnesses said the suspect 
appeared to be an Afghan and 
was caught by passers-by in 
the busy Saddar bazaar where 
the office is located. 

Four people died in January 
when a bomb shattered the 
office of Pakistan Internation- 
al Airlines a few Mocks from 
yesterday's blast 




Continued from page 1 
an American jet which crashed 
here several days ago. . 

The imm ediate effects of the 
air raid are still being felt in 
tiie Libyan capital 'where two 
more crritians died of their 
usuries on Saturday night, 
bringing the official death toll 
of civilians to 39. Doctors at 
the Central Hospital in Tripoli 
yesterday said three more 
people, including a chSd suf- 
fering from bond) pressure 
damage to the head, were 
likely to die. 

On Saturday a young man 
was brought to the hospital 
after losing part of an arm and 
most of his other hand after 
bring a section of 

mtexploded bomb fay children. 

Libyan officials have al- 
ready shows journalists two 
unexploded American 5001b 
bombs that feO near the 
airport on Tuesday morning. 

As welt as a tow of 
fbotbalL another thing the 
Russians and English have in 
common is an a biding - pas- 
sion for discussing the 
weather. , 

At no time is that more 
a p parent among Muscovites 
t haw during lire spring, when 
popular wisdom has it that 
the capital is often capable of 
experiencing tba weather of 
all four seasons within. the 
span of a single day. 

This year the weather bom 

have had a field day beca use 
of the earty thaw and its 
accompanying eddies of 
muddy water; swirling oflai 
ankle -high through the streets 
and forming treacherous 
pools in the pot-holed side 
streets of the city. 

The final removal of the 
filthy pack toe which has lain 

is effected by bands of writ- 
ers (many of them women) 
who chip away at it with a 
remarkable array of antitjuai- - 
ed-tooking tools. 

The 1 apgw^ e is rich with 
folk-sayings which illustrate 
the central point that the 
beady relief of a few days of 
warm sunshine should not he 
equated with the final depar- 
ture of winter. One says that 
“when March comes, you 
must don seven pairs of 
trousers" and another wains 
that "one swallow does not 
make a spring". 

But wading through the 
slu rigg and avoiding the occa- 
sional football-sized loom of 
ice dangerously dislodged 
from the roofs of the tall 
apartment blocks near The 
Times' office, 1 was recently 
informed by our courtyard 
sweeper (usually an impecca- 
ble source on these vital, 
matters) that the last of the 
winter snow had passed, and 
I could put away my for hat 
for another year. 

Most, but notaB, of the city 
dwellers have come to die 
same conclusion, and for the 
first time since my arrival last 
November, it is possible to 
walk in the streets hatiess 
without earning a severe 
dressing-down from a ba- 
bushka, the elderiy women 
who regard it as their dmy to 
instruct one and all on the 

unwritten sartorial ndo of 
the Soviet Union. 

Although often timely, 
their advice — especially eon- 1 
earning the need to add 
another layer of clothing to 
3 D already near-stifling chikl 
— is one Ot the more irritating 
aspects of Soviet life. 

As one long-time Western! 
resident explained; "They get 
so used to the state telling 
them what to do that they 
apparently fori obliged to 
adopt the same^ hectoring 
attitude so others." 

The Muscovites have long 
ago learnt how eo adapt to the 
vagaries of their climate and 
sensibly wear waterproof 
boots on their way .to and 
from work, changing into 
indoor shoes at either end. A 
similar practice is followed 
when visiting friends, and 

.L. n^nil !amI Anri 

foreign residents think noth- 
ing of departing for a chic 
social engagement clutching a 
pair of shoes in a plastic Tsag, 
In a country where every* 
thing Western has a special 
cachet for beyond its original 
standing in the West, the 
plastic tag is a notable casein 
point. As bemused first-time 
visitors from the other side of 
the Iron Curtain quickly dis- 
cover, a Marks & Spencer or 
Hanods bag is a coveted 
possession for a Moscow 1 
housewife, both fof .snob 
appeal and for. practical rea- ; 
sons: in most stores in the 
capital (apart from Beripzhld, 
special shops for bard-curren- . 
cv-paying foreigners), no bags 
of any sort are available. 

The definitive end of win- 
ter win be signalled at the end 
of month when the 
colourful funfair* in Gorky 
Park will open , for business, 
Bui the advent of the short, 
sharp Moscow summer will 
not be without its drawbacks. 
As residents are quick to 
warn newcomers, all -hot 
water wifi be switched off as 
boilers are given their annual 
repair and bay fever sufferers 
mil brace themselves for the 

nitons whtafltiffwtiicb floats 
douna from, the fens of thou- 
sand; of poplars planted on 
Stalin's orders. 

Christopher Walker 

T:-* v ^ '•? . V? v < t-‘- V - -* 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh attend a Service of 
Thanksgiving for Her Majesty’s 
60th birthday at St George's 
Chapel. Windsor. 1 1.30: The 
Queen then receives birthday 
greetings from school children 
in the forecourt of Buckingham 
Palace. 4.15; and later, 
accompanied by The Duke of 
Edinburgh, arrives at the market 
entrance. Coveni Garden. WC2. 
8.05; then attends Fanfare for 
Elizabeth at the Royal Opera 
House. Coveni Garden. WC2. 

New Exhibitions 
Watercolour paintings by 
Jeremy Carlisle: The Leigh Gal- 
lery. 17 Leigh Si. WCI; Mon to 

Sat 10 to 5 (ends April 26). 

Paintings, drawings and etch- 
ings from the Sickert Trust 
Collection: Norwich School of 
Art. St George Sr. Mon to Sat 10 
to 5 (ends May 24). 

Exhibitions in progress 
Five Women Artists; St Pan-: 
eras Old Church. Pan eras Rd, 
NWl; 12 to 7 (ends April 22). 

Striking Back, works by Ste- 
phen Willats; Mappin Art Gal- 
lery. Weston Park. Sheffield; 
Mon to Sat 10 to 5. Sun 2 to 5 
tends April 27). 

New Paintings by Cavan 
Corrigan; Tamworth Castle Mu- 
seum. The Holloway. Staffs; 
Mon to Thurs 10 to 5.30. Sat 10 
to 5.30. Sun 2 to 5.30. closed Fri 
(ends May 1 1). 

Last chance to see 

Oils, pastels and watercolours 
by Tom Coates; The Black Boy 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,025 

Gallery. 14 High St. West 
Wycombe. Bucks; 9.30 to 5.30 
(ends today). 


Organ recital by Simon 
Guiteridge. celebrating the 60th 
birthday of The Queen; St 
Botolph’s Church. Aidersgate 
St. ECU L05. 

Concert by the English Ba- 
roque Soloists; St John's. Smith 
So. SWI. 7.30. 

Organ recital by Martin So li- 
ter; Si Michael’s. Comhill, EC3, 

Organ recital by Derek Stan- 
ley: The Birmingham and Mid- 
land Institute, Margaret St, 
Birmingham. ]. 

Concert by The Ellis Quartet; 
The Ring's School. Ottery St 
Mary. 7.30. 


Fun Run by London Hash 
House Harriers*, meet Hamm 
on the HOI Underground. Sta- 
| lion Approach. 7 am. 

Westminster Abbey bells ring 
. a full peal in honour of the 60th 
1 Birthday of The Queen, 6 to 
9.30 pm. 

Nature notes 

The main influx of willow 
warbles into Britain is under- 
way. and many have been seen 
in London and other cities. On 
passage, they sing quietly to 
themselves - they are not yet 
ready to announce with loud 
song that they are owners of a 
territory. Just now. they are 
often found feeding in willows, 
where there are plenty of small 
insects among the opening 
leaves: but most of them will 
nest in bitch woods. 

The last redwings are leaving 
for Scandinavia - but for fewer 
will return than came here in the 
autumn, for they were badly hit 
by the February cold. There are 
also very few goldfinches about 
titter they, too, suffered serious 
losses, or an unusual number 
emigrated and have not yet 
come bade. Sheld-duck, which 
look more like small geese, are 
moving to the sandy coasts 
where they breed, and odd pairs 
are sopping en route at many in 
land ponds. Reed-buntings are 
singing in the osiers, lifting their 
black bead-feathers and puffing 
up their white collars. 

Primroses and dandelions are 
in flower. Large red catkins are 
breaking out of golden buds on 
the black Italian poplars, and 
some small sycamores have 
their leaves folly open. DJM 


TTw HBdbPdKWfc contraflow fl a n — i 
Junction* 15 ml 18. NarthamptomHre. 
MRh exR and entry reeds at function 16 
dosed. Vfc Contralto* it junction 18, 
Staffordshire. $ bound entry dosed. M: 
Contraflow N of Newark at CramwaB, 



A deep depression to the 
S of Iceland will remain 
slow moving, with troughs 
of low pressure swinging 
across the British Isles on 
its SE flank. 

NOON roCAklWw. fc llwa m raiffifaur* AKMftS 


1 Fear at storms' outcome in 
some degree (6.2,4). 

8 Books supplying answers to 
simple questions (7). 

9 A large number demand ap- 
plause (7). 

11 No-one taking part is offen- 

12 Interminable, in the absence 
of boundaries (7). 

13 Fit an adaptor if it's muffled 

14 After ten years, northern 
church is foiling into decay 

16 See a female look amused 
when operatic hero appears 

19 Reason for world revolution 
to the French (5). 

21 Walker returned after John 
Welsh, and that's good news 


23 Work iron, but treat 
wrongly (7). 

24 Stay and use up the money 
going round 26 (7k 

25 Leave a group of in- 
strumentalists performing 

26 As one avers, this is a great 

power ( 6 , 6 ). 


3 Cunning is short at obtain- 
ing a drink (7). 

2 Russell is back in the game - 
for Bristol maybe (7). 

High Tides 


1 B- 




Sun Rain 










5 - 8 . 




7 j 0 




4 j 0 






. 9 











4 J 













4 X 5 



4 . 1 . 








7 a 







6 J 































P « ram 
8 48 rate pro 
8 46 rain pen 
5 41 sain 

7 45 rafnpm 

8 46 rafcipm 

9 48 rain pm 
7 48 ram 

7 -46 ram pm 

8 48 mm 
8 46 bi-pit 
1 52 bright 

8-48 txglpm 
0 so ofcxxfr 
o so ram om 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,024 
will appear 
next Saturday 






u * 9 o- 9 





3X Decline in 
pirates set 
^ to continue 

. * -V^ The bond markets righfly took 
:• Btthf- or; no notice of the 

■ % prefinriBary GNP figures for 

;■ : £ the March quarter. - 

■ - There were far too many 
' v .> fe, incongruous aspects to the 

/■ figures. Hie : a figure for net 

C? % eqorts,ihnAB u inpnm- 
t mart of $14 billion in 1982 
■*», prices, and fee flgme for 
change n business imen- 
' tones, showing an .improve* 

i ■■ meat of $32' blOion in 1982 
.. -as prices, were _ both for too 
£- *; £ fanciful to be taken seriously. 
,>Jn Kale remarked com- 
■-•C v -‘b. MWtSv .Mr Sid Joaes, the 
former head of the Bureau of 
‘ r -':k> Economic Analysis; told the 
J, 7 “ -Sz' joint economic co mmitt ee the 
GNP growth rate sBouHl hare 
'■' • .-jj j been more Eke 2 per cent than 
r * p the 32 per cent pa Wished fry 
. :>.. 5 the Department Of Commerce. 
- -■ EreaMr Robert Ortner, the 

' ' j. chief economist for the Com- 
merce Department; expressed 
- doubts- about the supposed 




••• ■ 

~-s%. ,-v 


i fexports»a figure winch did not 
-.'A tally with the trade numbers 
-,X & i for the fesrt two mouths. 

? c 4i , In the event, the bond 
— - futures market ended the day 

figures were aniramiced 
l.^^Town a mere % 2 -at 184 2 %fc t a 

- figure which is above die 100 

• i ^ level that 1 forecast on Jans- : 

ary 8. The •" yield on die 
Jreasuiy . 30 year 914 fraud 
; : reached 7.15 per cent and is 

• : • headed steadily Co 7 per cent 

" r ’ > and then below. * 

- ' Such numbers were laughed 
' '• at by Ae ^consensus” bade in 

January, when only a tiny 
i minority, myself included, be- 

• --J lieved tong-term interest rates 

- ' « ' were headed for 7. per cent 
• . Even .then, we thought 7 per 

cent on the long bond would 
-- not b&ntUfined until late this 

% ,V yedr or early next. 

. In sura, Ae US economy is 

- -J'-.i: still stumbling along at about 2 

per cent real growth, with 
dvmninal interest rates faffing 
fast. The 90-day T-bill is now 
*£ trading well Bader 6 per cesL 

Federal funds were trading 

seder 7 jer cent — a strong 
indication that the Fed was 
getting the markets ready. for 

the % per cent drop , m the - 

.-r^ discount xptey to 6&.per cart., 

: At present^ there ^ one 

j positive force operxtingf&r the 

& US ecopmny and one negative. 
T. First, the doHar has fenen 
: back nearly aU the way fe Ae- 
low point reached attheoad of 
*" • February, as measured by the 
yv New York cotton exchange 
: l . June futures mdex of the 
; t dollar. At tte end of Febraary 
\ • 'this index stood at 114. On 
' Thursday it stood at 114.75.. 

1 . This is a heartening devel- 

. Opmeut, indicating that at Ais 
stage Ae US is wimri^ the 
“sited war" among central 
hanks to keep Ae dollar np- 
The second factor, a nega- 

live one, is that “reaT interest 

rates are headed up again. 
These rates, obtained by 

- — f subtracting Ae increase in Ae 
J c - consumer price index from the 

yield on the long Treasury 
- bond, had fallen to about 6 per 

. - cent in the last quarter of! 985. 

Now, despite Ae fact that 
• the nominal yield on the long 
Treasury bond has foltei from 
about 1014 per cent in the 

- fourth quarter of 1985 to 7J5 

: today, Ae tarn in the price 
: level, as measured by ^ the 

'.iConsamer price index ft> sHght- 
negative in the first two 
^ months of thb year has meant 

: : that Ae “reaT interest rate on 
the Umg baud is now about IVi 
: per cent well above the fourth 

- quarter figure. 

A dmaar development oc- 
carred in the early 1930s 
«- when, despite the feet that the 
nmnfoal yield on US Treasur- 
ies remained constant at just 
, above 3 per cent, Ae “real” 
yield on Ae bond rose to 14 per 
cent at Ae peak in 1933. 

So Ae fell in nominal 
: ■ interest rates is not keepteg 

* ' pace with (befell in the price 

level, thus raising “real" inter- 
est rates and adding a further 
^ •; 1 ^negative to Ae economic 


Accordingly, there seems 
■ little reason W expect a cessa- 
; . tion the downward trend of 
interest rates. 

WiAAe US consumer price 
r level likely to register Uttle or 
' . oo net gain in 1986, the 

* ! ‘ prospect fa for a M in Ae 

* * long-term bond nominal yield 

; to 6 per cent by Ae end of this 

- T year or early 1987. 

**■ Maxwell Newton 




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CoRsafidated uds — ■ — 
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CooperdiuE Badu 

a Hone A Co MM* 


NS Wte&rtBHflr — - — 
fta* 8a4 of Srafflni — 

QAank HA ' — -«5« 

f Muimp Bam K**- 

Base rates could fall again 
despite oil price fears 

The pressure will be on for 
another cut in base rates Ais 
week, desphe the prospect of 
renewed oil price weakness 
:and official caution from the 
Bank of England. 

Even before the announce- 
ment. of half-point discount 
rate Cuts in Ae United ffrafg 
and Japan over Ae weekend, 
money market rates in Lon- 
don were consistent with a 
base cate of 10 par cent Base 
rates were cm from 11 percent 
to KX5 per cent on Friday. - 

The reduction m the US 
discount rate from 7 per cent 
to 6.5 per cent and the - 
Japanese discount rate from 4 
per cent to 3:5 per cent 1ms 
opened the way for a further 
early drop in British base 
rates, which are high by 
international standards. 

The Japanese discount rate 
cut, Ae mird Ais year, could 
be followed by another next 
month. Mr Satoshi Sumita, 
the Governor of the Bank of 
Japan, Ad not rule out a 
further cut, and Mr Hidemhsu 
Yamaguchi, a vice-minister at 
the Ministry of Finance, pre- 

Hirlfvt SI npHlirfiftn OVin oftor 

the Tokyo summit early next 

The present discount rate of 
3.5 per cent matches the post- 
war low of 1978/79. 

Goldman Sachs, Ae US 
investment bank, today pre- 

By David Smith and Darid Young 

diets a cm in rates to 9 percent 
by Ae summer. However. Ais 
will not occur if Ac pound 
shows signs of weakness 
against the European curren- 
cies. Ae report says. 

This could arise from re- 
newed oil price weakness, 
with some experts predicting 
an early drop in spot prices 
below SlQ a barrel, because of 
Ae failure of Ae Organization 
of Petroleum Exporting Coun- 
tries. meeting in. Geneva, to 
agree on production limits. 

However, the pound has 
shown more resistance to oil 
price weakness in recent 
weeks. Opee ministers will 
reconvene their meeting to- 
day, after a brief session 

Far the past week the 13 

Opec oil ministers have been 
in Geneva attempting to agree 
tm a formula ■ which would 
restore the present supply- 
demand imbalance in Ae 
world oil market. 

White most accept that a 
sharp cut in output later this 
year is vital, only Iran. Algeria 
and Libya are prepared to 
back a new limit of 14 million 
barrels a day compared wiA 
the previously agreed total 
output quota of 16.5 million. 

Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Yama- 
ni, the Saudi oil minister, said 
yesterday: “We are making 
progress but we have a long 
way to go". 

His closest ally in Ae cam- 
paign to keep pressure off 
prices to force co-operation 
from non-Opec producers. 

Sheikh Ali Khalifa, Ae Ku- 
waiti oil minister, said 
yesierd3y:‘i have no com- 
ment to make until after we 
have reached an agreement". 

However it is increasingly 
unlikely that Ae Geneva 
meeting will end wiA any- 
thing other than an agreement 
to continue investigating 
problems lacing the cartel and 
to come up wiA a series of 
resolutions that can stand a 
chance of unanimous accep- 
tance at Ae next scheduled 
ministerial meeting in Brioni 
in Yugoslavia in Juoe. 

The prospect of renewed oil 
price weakness will help infla- 
tion prospects, already im- 
proved in Britain by Ae 
promise of mortgage rate cuts. 

N Sea tax ultimatum to Nomay 

03 companies hare presented 
Ae Norwegian government 
wHh a tax althnatHm, Tony 
Samstag writes from Oslo. 
Five companies with stakes in 
the huge Troll gas field have 
threatened to shelve Its devel- 


The companies — Conoco, 
Mob3, Norsk Hydro, Saga 
Petroleum and Shell — say 
that the deep water field is not 
viable under the current tax 
regime. • 

Development costs are esti- 
mated at Kr24 billion (£2 
bQfiou), reflecting the techno- 
logical challenge of drilling at 
an ocean depth of almost 1,000 

Competition from cheaper 

pipeline could farther weaken 
the market appeal of Troll 
without tax concessions. 

Earlier Ais month Ae state 
oil directorate announced thaf 
plans for almost a Aird of 63 
oil and gas exploration wells 

Edward European share 

system starts 

- In our article "Finns get set 
to repel big bang boarders” 
(April' 17) we staled (bat 
Edward Enbnah, the firm , of 
surveyors, is owned by a 
limited liabflfty company. 

In feet since 1958 the firm 
has been owned by an unlimit- 
ed liability company and its 
Articles of Association were 
approved by Ae Royal Insti- 
tution of Chartered Surveyors 
and Incorpototed Society of 
Valuers and Auctioneers when 
it ■ was converted into an 
unlimi ted company -by Mr 
Edward Erdman. - 
•„ The firm, has also asked ns 
uystate that lOOper centof its 
equity, is ' behi within, Ae 
praetke amd-it has n o^ateo- 
tfotT of disposing otanyof its 
equity to outside interests- . ; . 
v We apologise far any em- 
barrassment c au s ed by the 
'article.: . 

Nursing home 
joins USM 

■ B y Clare Doirie - 

' Lodge Care, .one of Ae 
largest nursing home' compa- 
nies m Britain, is jcdnii% Ae 
nnUsted- securities maiktt 
iommorrow. At Ae placing 
price of 70p, the company is 
valued at £4.30 million. . 

Lodge Care has 12 nursing 
homes and four residential, 
bonzes for the elderly in 
Worthing and other towns on 
Ae south coast. Half the 
occupants are on supplemen- 
tary benefit, and Ae rest are 
privately funded. Lodge Care 
charges an average of £175 a 
week for nursing care and 
£1 21a week A Ae residential 

Mr John ApAorp, Ae chair- 
man and' founder of Bejam, 
Ae frozen food group, is a non 
executive director of Lodge 
Care and holds 25.9 per cent 
of the shares. Two other 
directors own a further 50 per 
emit of Ae shares. 

Profits have risen steadfly m 
each of Ae past four years. In 
1985 Lodge Care made 
£406,000 before tax 
• Howard Group, Ae U5M- 
quoted insurance broker, is 
today expected to announce 
terms for an agreed merger 
with a fully listed company 
which will create Ae sevenA 
latest company in its sector. 

USM review, page 23 

By Michael Prest, Financial Correspondent 

Euro-dear, the securities 
clearing house.besed in Brus- 
sels, has given a fillip to the 
burgeoning market in Euro- 
equities by launching today a 
complete clearing system for 
internationally traded shares. 

Under Ae new Equities 
Service, fully automated set- 
tlement will be possible in any 
of Euro-deart 23 currencies. 
About 100 equities from Bel- 
gium, Germany, Ae Nether- 
lands, Sweden and 
Swhzeriatkl .are covered in Ae 
first phase of Ae scheme. 

British stocks have not been 
induded.m Ais first phase 
because of uncertainty about 
Ae proposed lak on American 
Depositary Receipts, Ae main 
form in which British equities 
are traded internationally. 

M. Benoit Dumont, a vice- 
president of Euro-dear, said 
the stocks had been chosen 
after taking market advice. 
“They are all big companies 
which are genuinely traded 
outside Aeir home market,” 
he said. The German stocks, 
for example, indude BMW, 
Bayer, and Commerzbank. 

The service will allow inves- 
tors to clear transactions ei- 
ther wiA counterparts in 
Euro-dear or in national sys- 
tems. Euro-dear also acts as a 
custodian of securities. The 
service will cover rights issues 
and depositary receipts,, and 
cater for Ae growing practice' 
of syndicating equities in Ae 
same manner as Eurobonds. 

Euro-dear already runs a 
limited equity service. 

Dixons challenged over 
offshoots’ accounts 

By Teresa Poole 

The £1.6 billion takeover 
battle- by Dixons for Wool- 
worth Holdings produced fur- 
ther acrimony yesterday wiA 
claims that Dixons has failed 
to file accounts at Companies 
House for 34 British subsid- 
iaries for Ae year ending 
April. 1985. 

WoolworA alleges that two 
of these, Currys Group pic and 
Dixons Finance pic, should 
. have filed by November 1985 
and the oAers, which are 
limited companies, should 
have filed by Febniaiy this 
year. ■ 

Mr Geoff Mulcahy, group 
, chief executive at WoOlworth. 
said: “The big question is why 
Aey decided not to file Aem.” 

In response to Woolworth’s 
solicitors, the Registrar of 
Companies said in a letter that 
Ae efom* were worrying and 
would be looked into. 

A spokesman for S.G War- 
burg, the merchant bank 
which acts for Dixons, was 
unable to confirm that Ae 
accounts bad not been filed 
but dismissed Ae issue as a 
technicality. He added: “It 
doesn't seem to me that Ais 
has any relevance to anyof Ae 
issues i hat are important.” 

BoA sides yesterday said 
Aey were anxious to avoid a 
“dirty tricks” campaign and 
wanted to focus on the' main 

issues. In expectation of 
Dixons’ formal offer docu- 
ment. WoolworA wrote to 
shareholders at Ae weekend 
questioning Dixons’ diversifi- 
cation record. 

Mr Mulcahy said: “We went 
over their attempts to diversi- 
fy in the past 10 years and 
identified 1 6 businesses which 
Dixons were very positive 
about at Ae time of acquisi- 
tion and which it later sold or 
closed.” He attacked Dixons 
plans as ’’vague and 
inconsistent” and said it had 
no credible strategy for man- 
aging WoolworA. 

• F H Tomkins, which has 
launched a £172 million bid 
for Pegler-Hattersley, sent its 
offer document to sharehold- 
ers yesterday. The offer values 
Pegler-Hattersley at 60 per 
cent above net asset value, Ae 
document says, and it claims 
that shareholders who accept 
Ae ordinary share offer of 
561p a share will have regis- 
tered a 40 per cent capital gain 
since April 4, when bid specu- 
lation started to lift Ae Pegter 
share price. 

The offer document in- 
cludes a 1985-86 profit fore- 
cast for F H Tomkins of £7.1 
million, compared wiA £3.5 
million in 1984-85, and a 
1985-86 dividend of not less 
than 11. 5p share. 

Sir Peter Parker he backs 
Ae aims of MIT 
eraiion. He is supported by Sir 1 
Peter Parker, the former chair- 
man of British Rail and 
currently chairman of the 
British Institute of 

Mr John Butcher, a minister 
at the Department of Trade 
and Industry, has welcomed 
Ae new body and promised 
official help, through 
“progress and 

com mi tment”con ferences. 

The British MIT will be a 
forum for leading decision- 
makers in industry, focusing 
on Ae products and markets 
Briiain should aim for in the 
1990s, Mr van Cuylenburg 
said yesterday. The first meet- 
ing will be in June. 

“ Industrialists here are indi- 
vidualists, slugging it oat in 
Ae market We can learn from 
Ae Japanese by thinking 
collectively,” Mr van 

The movement has been 
created partly out of frustra- 
tion at the efforts of existing 
industrial lobbyists such as the 
CBI who. Mr van Cuylenburg 
said, fail to take practical 
action to improve Britain's 
international trade. 

The MIT is intended to fill 
Ais void. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Germany and Japan 
have the whip hand 

schemed for this year oo the 
Norwegian con tinental shelf 
had been postponed 
• A wildcat strike yesterday 
by Norwegian offshore work- 
ers stopped aU production 
from the Frigg North Sea 

irciu, n mam 5 largest sin,, 

source of natural gas, but 
British Gas said A ere was no 
immediate threat to 

The Frigg field straddles Ae 
border of Ae British and 
Norwegian sectors 

acts to 
lift trade 

By Our Economics 

A new Movement for Inter- 
national Trade (MIT) has 
been set up wiA the aim of 
reversing Britain's manufac- 
turing and trading decline. 

The private sector body 
aims to perform a similar role 
to Ae Ministry for Interna- 
tional Trade and Industry 
(MIT1) in Japan. 

The idea is the brainchild of 
Mr Peter van Cuylenburg. Ae 
British managing director of 
Texas Instruments’ British op- 

First there was the locomotive the- 
ory. in which one iasl-growinj econ- 
omy. the L ni’.ec States, pulicd the 
rest along. Then came the idea of □ 
convoy of r.ajor economies, al! 
pulling evenly im steady, sustainable 

Now,’ perhaps, a more appropriate 
analogy is the deg sledge, with the 
two major economics set to g 2 in most 
from lower oil prices — Germany and 
Japan — yelping and straining ic drag 
Ae world economy along at a good 

This model holds, despite un- 
expectedly strong first-quarter growi h 
in the L'S where gross national 
product rose by an annual rate of 3.2 
per cent, and the Administration 
confidently re-asserted Ae 4 per cent 
growA target for Ais year. 

German> and Japan have a ic: in 
common. They both enjoy large trade 
surpluses. The German current ac- 
count wii- probably be in surplus by 
S2S billion Ais year, and Japan's by 
more than S7G billion. BoA countries 
have negligible rates of inflation, with 
the ! 2-momh change in consumer 
prices likeiv to mm negative during 
Ae year. 

Germany and Japan share an 
obsession against reflation. The two 
countries have in recent months 
taken steps that could be construed as 
stimulative fiscal policy. But this is 
strictly wiAin the context of declin- 
ing budget deficits. 

The dogs, if Aey are going to pull 
Ae sledge along, will have :o do so 
without artificial stimulants. 

Germany's reluctance to take risks 
with inflation is legendary. The 
hyper-inflation of the Weimar years 
has entered Ae German psyche. No 
serious politician in the Federal 
Republic, it appears, can advocate 

The distinction between reflation 
when Aere is excess capacity, and 
inflation, appears to get lost some- 
where in translation. Even zero 
inflation and 9 per cent unemploy- 
ment is no excuse for departing from 
a pre-arranged path for fiscal policy. 

The German government is im- 
plementing a two-stage income tax 
cut, Ais year and in 1988, within the 
context of a decline in Ae budget 
deficit to l per cent of gross national 
product by 1989. GrowA in the 
economy is expected to be a reason- 
ably robust 3.5 per cent Ais year. 

But, even with Ae benefits of 
cheaper oil and Ae first of the income 
tax cuts, Ae prospect is for a 
slowdown in growA by Ae end of the 
year. Exports are expected to slip 
because of Ae rise of the mark against 
Ae dollar and. as a result of Ae recent 
realignment, the European Monetary 
System currencies. The German 
government has already faced pres- 
sure to do something more on the 
fiscal side, if only by bringing forward 
by a year the 1988 income tax cut. So 
far this has been to no avail. 

In Japan, the self-imposed con- 
straints on fiscal policy' are a liule 
easier to explain. The Ministry of 
Finance, with liuie prodding, pro- 
duces figures showing the Japanese 
economy to be struggling under the 
weight of government debt 

Long-term debt in the 1985 fiscal 
year amounted to 48.4 per cent of 
gross Rational product, substantially 
more than in any of the other major 
economies. Long-term debt per per- 
son is 1.26 million yen. or £4,750. 
More important, Japan has a low ax 
base, no genera! consumer tax and a 
generous system of lax reliefs on 
saving, a fact which contributes to a 
saving ratio of around 18 per cent of 
disposable income. 

The result is Prime Minister 

Yasuhiro Nakasonc's policy of 
removing dependency on so-called 
deficit- financing bonds by 1990. 
Deficit-financing bonds are issued to 
finance current govemmeni spend- 
ins. and are distinct from construc- 
tion bonds. The latter are issued to 
finance spending on in frastructure, or 
so the theory 1 goes, although the 
distinction is of questionable prac- 
tical significance. 

Japanese economic policy is geared 
to one target — removing the 
embarrassment of a large trade 
surplus. How this is achieved, and 
whether it results in stronger growth 
for the world economy, is less 
important than getting the protec- 
tionists in Washington off Japan’s 

Thus, the Maekawa report on the 
Japanese economy, and the 
Nakasone package which followed, 
have a short-term common goal — 
getting more imported consumer 
goods" into Japan. In the case of the 
package, Ais is Arough a combina- 
tion of exhortation and a tax cut. said 
to be worth 1.000 billion yen (£4 
billion) in the form of price cuts by 
the energy utilities. 

The Nakasone package is expected 
lo boost the economy by 0.7 percent- 
age points, to achieve 1 986 growl h of 
4*’per cent, in spite of the adverse ef- 
fects on exporters of the yen’s rise. 

Even so. it is fair to characterize the 
fiscal policies of Japan and Germany 
as extremely cautious. In the case of 
Japan, the charge of inappropriaie- 
ness in fiscal policy can be added. 

What Germany needs, even the 
hairshirts would concede, is action to 
improve the supply side of the 
economy. Germany as much as other 
Western European countries, suffers 
from supply side shortcomings that 
more substantial income tax cuts 
would help to alleviate. 

It may be that this is just reflation 
in supply side clothing. But if the 
short-term effect is stronger German 
growth, lo help Ae world economy, 
then aU well and good. 

Japan, on Ae other hand, is not 
badly in need of higher consumer 
spending, except for the single objec- 
tive cf reducing the trade balance. 

And Japan is hardly in need of a 
supply side miracle. In fact, to judge 
from the Maekawa report, the gov- 
ernment is seeking to inject a few 
rigidities into the labour market by 
reducing working hours and increas- 
ing holidays. 

The ideal fiscal policy prescription 
for Japan, and one Aat will do most 
for its ability to keep the world 
economy going in the medium term, 
is one that broadens the tax base, 
mobilizes the high domestic savings 
and allows far higher infrastructure 
spending. This is also a more 
effective method of correcting the 
export bias of the economy. 

At the Bonn economic summit a 
year ago. Aere was some relief among 
the European countries and Japan 
that, thanks to the dominant subject 
of a new Gait round, all talk of 
reflation was avoided. 

Since then, of course, we have had, 
Arough the Group of Five, co- 
ordinated intervention in the foreign 
exchange markets, and co-ordinated 
interest rate cuts. In this atmosphere 
of co-ordination and co-operation, a 
little gentle pressure on Germany and 
Japan to do what looks to be in their 
own interest would not go amiss. Is it 
too much to ask — assuming there is 
time left after Libya — from the 
world's leaders at the Tokyo summit 
in a fortnight's lime? 

David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

Data deadline 

Most of the 300.000 compa- 
nies which it is estimated must 
register under the Data Pro- 
tection Act are set to miss the 
May I) deadline. With three 
weeks to go. only 25.000 
applications have been re- 
ceived by the registrar. 


TODAY - Interims: Allied 
London Properties, Hoggett 
Bowers. Klark-Teknik, S 
Lyles, Scottish Metropolitan 
Property, Swindon Private 
Hospital. Finals: Edinburgh 
Investment Trust, Tolkes 
Group, Henara. Honda Mo- 
tor Jitra Rubber Plantations, 
Micro lease, Morgan Crucible. 
Poiymark International,. 
Snowdon * Bridge, Televi- 
sion Services International, 
Travis 5 Arnold. 

TOMORROW - Interims: 
Cosafc Ensign Trust, Japan 
Assets Trust, New Australia 
Investment Trust, St Jyts 
Group! (amended), Scottish 
Cities investment Trust. 
Finals: ATA Selection, Boase 
Massimi Pollitt, Centorway 
Trust Ckiment Clarke, Ellis & 
Goldstein, Hartons Group, 
Moss Bros, Perry Group, 

WEDNESDAY - Interims: 
MJ Gleeson. finals: Laura 

Ashley.’ Bank of Scotland. CD 

Bramalt British Printing & 
Communication Cotp, Can- 

non Street Investments, En- 
glish National Investment 
Company, Fleming Universal 
Investment Trust, Manor Na- 
tional, Paul Michael 
Leisurewear, Pochin’s. Scott 
& Robertson, Shell Oil, R. 
Smallshaw (Knitwear). 

THURSDAY ~ Interims: S 
Casket (Holdings), Imperial 
Chemical Industries (first 
quarter), William Low. Finals: 
Falcon Industries, Grampian 
Television, Infrared Asso- 
ciates, UfieshalL, Office and 
Electronic Machines. Austin 
•Reed Group, E Upton and 
Sons (amended). Whatman 
Reeve Angel. George 

FRIDAY — Interims: None 
announced. Finals: James 
Beattie. Clayton, Son & Co 
(Holdings), Home Counties 
Newspapers Holdings, 
Huntleigh Technology, Mac- 
donald Martin Distilleries. 
Nationwide Leisure, South- 
end Stadium. Sunlight Service 
Group, Vanbrugh Currency 
Fund, JO Walker. 

Central banks ‘may have to 
extend supervisory role’ 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

Central banks may soon be 
i forced to extend Aeir supervi- 
sory authority over a wide 
range of non-banking institu- 
tions because of rapid changes 
in the financial markets, the 
Bank for International Settle- 
ments says in a report today. 

The report follows warnings 
by the Bank of England and 
other central banks that the 
supervisory structures would 
have to be modified to take 
account of permanent changes 
m financial markets. 

According to the report, 
innovations in world financial 
markets sue making Ae old- 
style regulatory system based 
on the form of institutions 

A more realistic system 
would be based on the func- 
tions carried out by institu- 
tions That would mean 
extended supervisory control 

over non-bank financial con- 
glomerates and other institu- 
tions participating in 
international capital markets 
which do not at present fall 
under any particular regula- 
tory system. Many such insti- 
tntibas carry out functions 
which are effectively banking 

The report says that central 
banks may be expected in- 
creasingly to take some form 
of residual responsibility for 
these companies. 

The BIS aims to set out a 
framework for International 
discsssioa on innovations and 
changes m financial markets, 
although it fa not meant as a 
recommendation oo the de- 
tailed policy of central basks. 
If h the result ofa study group 
set up by the central bank 
governors of the Group of Ten 
most industrialized conntries. 

The report sounds a warn- 
ing that while financial inno- 
vation may be desirable, there 
are dangers in Ae rapid 
growA of off-balance sheet 
operations in international 

They were reliant an ad- 
vanced computing and commu- 
nications exposed to technical 

The report says that many 
of the innovations were de- 
signed to improve efficiency, 
bat many were also intended 
purely as ways of avoiding Ae 
regnlatory rules of supervisory 
authorities such as central 

The BIS concludes that an 
extension of Ae power of 
central banks will be neces- 
sary and Aat non-banks car- 
rying out these operations will 
have to be Included under bank 

supervision rules. 

Lloyds Bank Pic has reduced 
its Base Rate from 11 per cent to 
10 .5 per cent p.a. with effect from 
Monday, 21 April 1986. 

Ail facilities (including regulated consumer credit 
agreements) \virh a rare of interest linked to Lloyds 
Bank Base Rare will be varied accordingly. 

The change in Base Rare will also be applied from 
the same dare by the United Kingdom branch of: 
The National Bank of New Zealand Limited. 

fSl Lloyds 






-TVOl-m 'V' ' -'“«_ 



■ U. * j- 

'■s’ jf: 



. <* 


:<■■■ 3 


Remarkable co mpanbinty. 

The common groimd that exists between JCB a^majS exporters'll capital gxxJa 

- d £*S? to 

acTiculmre and construction. Both sell to the military, to V ^ ^ big difference indeed. 

local authorities and to governments. 

JCB is stron g where L^ nH Rover is weak 
JCB has never made a JCB s world share is 

loss in 40 years’ trading growing&st 

JCB made a profit of JCB is strong in the USA. 

£25 million in 1985. JCB takes over 50% of 

JCB doesn’t have any its UK market (and has done 

net borrowings. so for 22 years). 

T rR The obvious choice, 

-J _ -I -i i -n • c... 

Over the last 10 years, JCBs average return on 
investment has been 27% per annum ancl in the 
last five years alone, it has virtually doubled its sales 
value this has been achieved by combining superb 
product design and manufacturing excellence with 
aggressive and skilful marketing. 

JCB is not looking to make a quick killing from 
a flotation on the stock exchange. JCB intends to 
keep Land Rover, and ensure that it has a successful, 

long-term future _ 

And, most important of all, JCB has a proven, 

and relevant formula for success to bring to Land Rover 

Distributed by Lazard Brothers & Co, Limited on behalf of J C Bamford Excavators Ltd 





Problems in the third division 

Readers write to ask how The OTC mari^ctoesnat companies were, and still are, or two of the licensed dealera 

they may set about buying an yet come under the official ™ suhiected to a requirement have been scrutinized by the 

UnKd Securities Market auspices of to Stock Ex- aS foal toy should have traded media and have been found 

ss&'sms st'srstgsr £&“"«*■■ 

fo^^Dginthemain tootoL gains in O TC “^^SS^SnSd^imv ^From the outset this left the erabk concern in the City that, 

Buytbvmsh a stockbroker or earned out by taenseddeatera rues which wqmred wug ,^ d f OT equity finance by as market-making m the main 

the as insecurities and are usually on finance tat were uaaWe.£ "ToompSiea unsatisfied and USM markets replaces to 

mtermedferies with brokers, a matched basis, which makes quaiify for afojl “ c JJJb ined with the jobbing system, the licensed 

Settlement is also on the same it difficult to sdl, and the ejuseto trading QjvSent’s refusal to allow deafens wouldj start te imato 

temw buyer has to be found first too short . . t iqm rnmnames to qualify for markets m both USM and 

Itavestmg in to over-foe- It is tins area of alintiw At ^relie^SStt^ the OTC stocks This would blur 

countwSrkrtismoreprob- markets that has caused foe these stocks «*«amed \mt growth of the OTC the distraction between the 

tematic, and it is a topical Stock Exchange most concern under Stock ExchangeK^e oranra the USM. USM and OTC markets to the 

subject as the Stock Exchange about adequate levels of m- 163, which to The 1 Stock Exchange has detriment of foe perceived 

hasjust taken steps tobring ve«mem protection and final- corn? under increasing pies- quality of the USM. 

& lhC “ U " O,,0m0V ' sure to regulate this tertiary ^ The 


Why the market will 
be left high and dry 



jm a « u op 2 

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r^tsrxoa IM 

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9699600 MW SteMte S3 

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3600600 MM Utan M 

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2101 «5 

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rooo BIS Ore 

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laora Bnaa ifton 


2380000 BID MUM 
1J3H7000 BkmMMCB 
S.mMD00 BtmOTnla 

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7.611600 E&SseS 
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7659400 Br BtoodMod 
9736800 ftimi W.. 
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•47 *0 102*5 

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to 1 34 40110 

iS +6 20 10 1*2 

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40 *9 60 

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inrT 160 

180m Canton SbMi M 121 *8 

247BOOO Cammmoar 60 .. 

67^ onb TV •** * 

33S6JM0 CCA atata 
11-8* CM. Micro 
843*000 CPS Comp 
848*000 CPU corap 

20.1m CVD 

. CaMdanta Off 

loom Ctuncny SdCT 
340DODO CttadqpMm Empa 
♦Si .*® OW “***» 

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1481000 Ctar 
5433000 ” 



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a«9fl.D00 compaoo 

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2.7B&000 Cont IbnlnMI 
5542000 Conn M fcrontro 

4005000 g u mp tion 
6.000.000 carbro* 

8768.000 g i nmutdi . _ 

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4773000 DOT . 

1066.000 oj sac Atom 
7047000 Mane 
1040000 DO Mi |AndM) 

iZOn osai 
2071000 DcbnM 
laon Oencora 
*440000 DbwiwBbc 
3.684000 EVnroy «•* 

26 . 1 m Bnx* 

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5667000 r aaefcat*. 
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B6J9000 gmaos 

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309m war WOl '* 
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2313000 MU (LW» 
116m Granyu Sutaca 

3000000 atom Lyena Qbta uw 
4923000 GMI HOUPB 
1600600 SOW Op 

a. mono Goman mnan in -s 

1 100m GMdhtad Wot !?■ ^ 


lipamran—^ Sq . 108 »43 

1615000 GMmaay Um*c 1*0 • .. 
2093000 HB Baa « -- 

7966000 HartpdM HomtaM 72 m* 
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5O5260Q Haray 8 Tnony 151 *4« 

27. Obj Hmn* Europp xn ■ ■ 
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3.IKJ4.000 two Cam 33 






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gagg^ssi? » 3 * 

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aasss: a 3 

7426000 Johna* 6 JB>0 11| « 

8625000 -Mtaomnaa Pmata 05 m-2 

5.100.000 Jun Hitnw » 44 

187m KIP 3]S 410 

105m Kara {UH9 n 3*2 

4325008 gangm s aa ^ 

1825.000 Kim HMHw ™ 7. 

106m Kblt-TlUi 73 43 

36 SO 38 
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3631000 LPA M 100 

4.a»600 LaaPtw M 

5427600 laaPata Thottmon M2 
97B3.000 Lefcwe km 42 

26Am Lawrnar 111 

1 27m Lot 6 OydeUda 135 
aaoeooo Laron ehm i® 

*574600 r 

• 42 


vii nil mm I MM mm Z _ • • 

57*000 lumgMn 3 nr 113 

3S 83“ s a 


1l Bm Mayiwas/oodi 
39.1m Mndow Foto 
187m Malta Tadi 



*222.000 Momory Coom 17 

2.71*000 Ma m co m um HMga S3 
159m Manvmr-Sumai 144 

124m Mamdnmi 
3641000 Ma« BiMn 

2474.000 Malal Sdancaa 

864&m Mcnaal (Jolml 
526m MSeroPtm 
5,712000 MtoutaM 
i06m Mammae 
3618000 MUnd Malta 
136m Midawnmar kma 

7.770000 MMa IB 

i{L5m MHward Bromn 

3.179.000 Mb* Wotld 









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7650000 MoorgaM Op 
133m Monfca & Clam 
1660000 Many — 

371*000 Mara 

*180000 Moa» 

193m NMW Comp — - 

8004000 Naaora-WaLnu 1 ’ 74«j 
5687.000 BmOMBB* 17 
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4983000 NOT Endand !*«(■» 
835.000 DO 10* “5 

13.11a nnato 12 

5.75*000 Non* 118 

aoisooo Nmbern ia 

3481000 Noncm •***• “ 

3742000 Ntn Ga« 6 Gan 22 

*274000 omwd tnapac « 

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150m Oabomo 6 LBS* 218, 

1B6m Ownaia Abroad ^ ‘ 

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9604600 P«cm 
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. — 1 Pakfiaid Op 
05*000 POT M LOT 

S.m Pano 
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2750000 H 
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*237000 PoUP 

1 1^000 PHaapemt 
2690000 Pla n Imam 
1.51*000 gmiMU M 




















• 42 



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169m Pw iMinl B K 
9JDS1DOO nomobona M8 
57WOOO Pronmprtm 

1776000 FWpraTBl^ 

702000 Do ap 
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1081000 BjOartMMBf 
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7685000 RudcM {01 
104m 3AC 

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7729000 MNa Pm 
*572000 Stanro 
12 . 1 b scamne 
411m Scot U pt u rn 

tea tsar 

113m SbauMifc 

7700000 aaro Dnig Sra 
3620000 snakkm Jam 
37 Jm Shmaton Sac 
7.7*0.000 SMnraod Comp 

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1601000 ^ 

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7629000 SUOTUJ Etta K 

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116m tds cram . 

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4954.000 TMI Coot 

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Him Tad , — , _ 

268*600 Towngrodd Sac 
152M00 Tmda Pmraed oo 
326m Tmndimod 
7480000 mm 

io.7Bi lima Taaa ‘A* 

236m ISO 
1622600 UM Cmamto 
776m UM Mand« 


The proposals announced 
by the Stock Exchange last 
week on the launch of to 
third market to deal in un- 
mca cn-ge Croat on quoted stocks is, as yet, only 
fS£y J2* f£L % p/e an outline proposal The mar- 
ket will only be open to Stock 
« « Exchange member firms, and 
So qjblo is still unclear whether the 
r 7 licensed dealera will be ;aWe to 
So u 173 qualify for membership. The 
dealers are unlikely 10 accept 
>1 •*? ** 1AZU quietly their exclusion. 

« ** 4B 04 sVl The otter area which ini- 

tially appears to have been 
dealt with least satisfactorily is 
that responsibility for vetting 
prospectuses and supervising 
companies wfll be earned out 

^Ifthis is to mean anything 

14 26 mo worth wile, it will be an expen- 
“ “ a? sive way of raising equity 
SS’Ulio finance for a small company 
&0156 as auditors will be required. If 
so soldo the expense of a long form 
-• ■ M report is dispensed with, the 
investor has to rely on the 
reputation of the sponsoring 
broker. . 

In reality, to cost of 
launching a young company 
so “lUjon the third market, relative 
Z& +« so* 20 827 to the short-term .returns 

no •« jo 1 jm available to brokers, will prob- 

S ” uw ably restrict finns prepared to 

w ^ if n 17 u be active in this market to 

51 H?g3 small houses. On the otter 

jo 24152 • hand, many people said the 

u 28 Vi same about foe USM at its 

'd !?& launch and the biggest issuing 

M M £8 houses have found it worfo- 

g MgS while to sponsor companies in 
this market. 











• 42 

• -2 





• «2 


di ai .. 
6.7 96 52 
66 3.7 10.8 
21 16 226 
06 06 136 
26 28 251 
.. .. *6 
57 39 124 

16 17 2S7 







+ 2 ' 

26b 36 MS 

51 1.1 22.1 

*3 26202 
70 *1 70 
24 10 227 

04 30120 
80 *7140 
46 21 257 
1.1 37 166 

263 16151 
14 1.7 .. 

57b 16356 


3607600 VMpac 
wmm ®bj! YOfWroa ~ 

7683000 WWOTrtJ'B FMdi 70 

S44m vfickro 1® -1 

058600 yw SyM *> 

1390008 tSn {AM) HUg» 21 -H 

I860 Mam « . . 

134m WUd “ •* 

DLOrn Wd ol LotBot 


2071000 V dbmion 
1000600 VM M*« 

1.150600 Zltffd Dynme 

companies mate pri- 
marily to the size of the 
company and the hmited 
amount of stock available 
rather than foe precise status 
&»i 606 of the security. 
to .. US I? Ill The Department of Trades 

* ti B 3aSo wish that to fond market wifl 

,S ^ so IS^i allow less weD estahhfoed 
3» li dZi companies to become fully 

aa *£i5 IM 34 so tradeable is likdy to prove a 
348 * ' I* loiouo pious hope. 

43 ■ Isabel Unsworth 

The author is a member of the 

smaller companies unit at 
Phillips & Drew. 



„ -1 

58 «-a 

n't 4 i i 

216 46 .. 
*9 52 46 

16 21 14 
21 22112 
36 36 116 
04 261*1 
57 76151 
z» *1 ms 
26 16 17.1 
" 137 

16 52136 
U 26417 
1.1 18 026 
36 16 214 
34 55 M7 

World bond markets 
hound onwards and upwards. 

The latest crisis in the Near 
East and the American GNP 
numbers served only to lend 
strength to tbe adage that, m a 
rising market, the wise inves- 
tor sells on foe rumour, but 
buys on the news. 

US long bonds dipped 
through to 7 per cent yield 
“bamer”, only two months 
after the ‘*ba^iH , ’ at 9 per 
cent gave way. A powerful 
engine must be driving this 
juggernaut on, it would ap- 
pear — and this is indeed the 

Falling oil prices are widely 
seen as the lever on bond 
prices. The decline in enei» 

cosis has, indeed, encouraged 

the bond market, most obvi- 
ously through its impact on 
expectations regarding offi- 
cial interest rate policies. 
Central banks in foe industri- 
al countries probably do fed 
less constrained to keep inrer- 
est rates up since they per- 
ceive the in natio n threat to 
have lessened. _ 

Arguably, despite substan- 
tial cuts in official discount 
rates around foe worjd since 
the beginning of this year, 
there has been no effective 
relaxation of official credit 
policies since interest rates 
have been maintained in real 

terms. . 

Probably a more powerful 
influence than this in de- 
pressing short-term interest 
rates worldwide has been the 
reaction of the commercial 
banks to foe foil in oil prices. 

It is tempting to see the 
process at work now, when 
oil prices are foiling, as being 
simply the reverse of tore 
which operated m the 1970s, 
when oil prices were rising. 
This is not so, however, at 
least as for as the commercial 
banks' behaviour is 

In the 1970s. higher ofl 
prices improved foe financial 
position of the oil producer 

and created a financial defiat 

in the oil-consuming sector. 
By and huge, the improve- 
ment in the oil producers 
position took the form of an 
increase in their 

Oil consumers, on tbe oth- 
er hand, adjusted their finan- 
cial position not through a 
rundown of deposits, but by 
increasing their borrowings 

foe banks. The banks 

were willing, indeed eager, to 
intermediate these trans- 
actions. . , _ 

These were foe days when 
banks generally judged their 
success by to rate of growth 
of iheir balance sheets ana 
were generally insensitive to 

*^n the present oil shock, it 
is to oil consumers who are 
benefiting financially, whue 
to oil producers are feeing 
hardship. This time, howev- 
er, the commercial ba nk s are 
unwilling to fill the recycling 
rote which they performed in 
foe oil shocks of foe 1970s. 

The ofl consumers’ im- 
proved position is reflected in 
a rise in their deposits with 
the banks (hence, booming 
domestic money supply 
growth rates around the 
world). The bank’s balance 
sheets are expanding, but 
they are not willing to bold as 
assets, against their increased 
liabilities to oil consumers, 
loans to tbe oil producers. 

Although the oil producers 
need financial support, most 
notably in foe case of to 
Latin American oil exporters 
and the tJS energy sectors, 
to bonks are proving reluc- 
tant to shoulder the risks of 
increasing their exposure lo 
such hard-pressed borrowers. 
The banks prefer to tend to 
the oil-consuming sector, 
where they perceive tbe risks 
to be less. 

The oil-consuming sector, 
however, as_a result of the fell 
in oil prices, has less need for 
borrowed funds than it did. 

■ Consequently, the commer- 
cial banks are having to 
compete aggressively to find 
borrowers of their own sur- 
plus funds within to ofl- 
consuming sector. This is the 
engine which is driving down 
short-term interest rates. 

This engine is not a perpet- 
ual-motion machine. Eventu- 
ally, rates will be driven down 
so for that enough borrowers 
will be uncovered to absorb 
the bank's loanable surpluses. 
If governments were willing 
to increase their fiscal defi- 
cits. the extra official borrow- 
ing might take up these 

There is little sign, howev- 
er, that Japan or Germany 
will accede to US pressure to 
adopt reflationary fiscal poli- 
cies, while the US itself is still 

to tempi private-sc ctoi^bor - j 

rowenm ite credit markets. | 

There is no saying how for 
short-term rates will have to 
fell before a strong enough 
demand is generated tor pn- 1 
vale-sector TJeup-; 

surge will probably owwai i 

different times m diflerent 
countries, which will in turn, 
have implications for cunen- 
cies, with capital . shnting I 
from low-credit demand cen- 
ties to higb-credrt demand; 

The features to look for as 

signalling to end of to fell m 
short rates are sharp private- 
credit demand increares, a 
spurt, probably short-lived, 
in economic activity or an y 
sudden outbreak of currency 
instability. When these con- 
ditions are fulfilled and short 
rates stop felling, the dedme 
in bond yields will also 
probably be halted. 

Where does this leave gilts? 

In foe next few weeks, asp 
rates and inflation continue 1 
to subside, further gains, may 
be had. However, m Britain, 
the banks have experienced 
tittle difficulty in stimulating 
private-sector credit demand 
recently. The interest rate 
slide may well, therefore, 
come to an end sooner in 
Britain than elsewhere. 

Although the sterling ^ ex- 
change rate will probably 
then benefit, for a time, as 
foreigners seek to le nd to 
Britain’s relatively high inter- 
est rate credit market, foeir 
eagerness to do this is likely 
to be dampened when, even- 
tually, credit demands pick 
up in foeir own countries, so 
absorbing their loanable 

The gilts market will then 
be left to depend on British 
economic fundamentals. , In 
other words, with Britain's 
domestic unit costs rising at 
5-6 per cent a year and real 
interest rates, represented by 
index-linked yields, standing 
at about 3 Vi percent, gilts will 

be high and dry in a friendless 

The moral for foe investor 
in gilts seems to be “mind 
your eye. The juggernaut 
could be heading your way." 


trying to cut its fiscal deficit 
Thisteaves the banks seeking 

Stephen — 

Director of economic researchl 
at the stockbroker Phillips &\ 

t 1 



Record Year 

PROFIT £55.8m (1984:£47.5m) 


) Further significant business expansion 
i Capital expenditure £27m 
§ Expenditure on acquisitions £39m 

• Capital expenditure by principal Interox 
companies £35m 

• Dividend up 25% to 8.25p. 

• Profits have increased nearly five times and 
earnings per share ten times since 1980 

(6 We have entered the current year with a sense 
of confidence which 1 am sure our 1986 
results will justify. 99 

R. M. Ringwald, CBE, Chairman. 

Dividend Par Share - 
i Pence 

(Adjusted >0* 1965 scrip ssua) 


Serving People 
Through Chemistry 

Laporte Industries (Holdings) PLC, Hanover House, 

14 Hanover Square, London W 1 R QBE. 

Earnings Per Share - 


(Adjusted tor 1585 scrip teaufl) 



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We raised the flag in 197 5 when we became the first Merchant Bank 
to receive the Queen’s Award. 

In 1982 we received the Queen’s Award for Export Achievement. 

Now we are proud to receive the Award for the third time, 

testimony to our leading role as a financial adviser around the world. 



Adelaide Adieus Auckland Bogota Cairo Caracas Edinburgh Frankfurt am Main Geneva 
Grand Cayman Guernsey Hong Kong Jersey London Madrid Melbourne Milan Mosotw 
N airobi NewDehli New York Paris Perth Quito Santiago Singapore Stockholm Sydney Tokyo 





i li- 








Record 141 honours for export and technology 

This year lhere are 114 
Queen's ' Awards for export 
achievement and 27 for tech- 
nological achievement, mak- 
ing a record total of! 41. They 


A B Microelectronics.' 
Tonypandv. Rhondda: Manu- 
facturer of resistor networks 
and hybrid microcircuits. 

AMS Industries, Burnley: 
Manufacturer of 

microprocessor-based digital 
audio processing systems for 
professional use in broadcast- 
ing and recording studios and 
also a range of hand-held 

AVX. .Aldershot (subsidiary 
of the AVX Corporation): 
Manufacturer of muld-layer 
ceramic and chip capacitors. 
Adtrack. Newcastle upon 
Tyne {subsidiary of Fraser 
WiHiamsV.Producer of reports 
on advertising expenditure 
and strategy in 14 European 

The Flame Retardants busi- 
ness of Albright & Wilson. 
Warley. West Midlands: Seiler 
of flame retardant chemicals 
produced by Albright & Wil- 
son and used mainly for the 
treatment of textiles. 

Amek Systems and Controls. 
Salford: Manufacturer of au- 
dio mixing consoles for 
broadcasting and recording 
studios, and of sound rein- 
forcement systems for confer- 
ence and concert halls and 

Anmned (Importers & Export- 
ers). Skiplon: Specializes iu 
exporting wooden household 
and office furniture. 

Asprey, London: Gold and 
silversmith, jeweller, leather 
worker and antique dealer. 
Babcock Power. London: 
Manufacturer of steam plant 
and associated equipment for 
the power and process 

The biscuit division of Baker 
Perkins BCS, Peterborough: 
Manufacturer of biscuit pro- 
duction equipment. 

Baker Perkins PMC Peter- 
borough: Designer, manufac- 
turer and seller of priming 

The machinery division of 
Banreli Machine and Robber 
Group. Cambridge: Manufac- 
turer of machinery for the 
rubber processing and tyre 
retreading industries. 

Beacon Publications. North- 
ampton: Publisher of English 
and bilingual English-Arabic 
industry guides covering the 
member states of the Gulf Co- 
operation Council. 

BIB Aodio/Video Products. 
Hemel Hempstead (subsidiary 

of Kelsey Industries): Produc- 
er of audio, video and com- 
puter care products and 

Bloomer Electronics, 
Portadown. Northern Ireland: 
Exports a high proportion of 
its electronic components and 

Edwards high vacuum division 
of BOC Group. Crawley, West 
Sussex: Manufacturer of high 
vacuum pumps, vacuum sys- 
tems and instrumentation. 
Bonded Laminates. London; 
Manufacturer of decorative 
high pressure laminates incor- 
porating genuine wood veneer 
or real textiles and wood 
veneer edge banding 

Boris International. Chiswick 
(member of the Peninsular 
and Oriental Steam Naviga- 
tion Company group): Man- 
agement contractor and 
construction management 
Bricn Engineering, Coventry 
(member of the AE Group): 
Producer of valve seats and 
guides and sealing rings for 
vehicle engines and 

The army weapons division of 
British Aerospace, Stevenage: 
Manufacturer of tactical guid- 
ed weapons systems and relat- 
ed equipment 

The Hatfield unit of the ciril 
aircraft division of British 
Aerospace. Hertfordshire: 
Producer of the BAe 146 
feeder jet airliner. 

The Prestwick unit of the civil 
aircraft division of British 
Aerospace, Prestwick: Produc- 
er of commuter and corporate 
versions of the Jetstream 31 

British Hartford — Fairmont 
Greenford, Middlesex: Spe- 
cialist in the development 
supply and installation of 
forehearths, feeders and con- 
trol equipment for the glass 
container-making industry. 

The manufacturing and export 
division of Burberry's, Lon- 
don (member of the Great 
Universal Stores Group): 
Maker of raincoats, sports- 
wear and accessories. 
Caledonian Airmotive, Prest- 
wick (member of the British 
Caledonian Group): Carries 
out the overhaul and refur- 
bishment of aviation gas tur- 
bine engines. 

Hamish Cathie Travel Scot- 
land. Edinburgh: Designer and 
operator of programmes for 
buyers of incentive travel as 
well as operating its own 
coach tours. 

Cell tech, Slough: Contract re- 
searcher for pharmaceutical 
companies in biotechnology. 
Cerium Chemical Co., 

An award-winning performance from the Royal Shakespeare Theatre: Sinead Cusack and; 
Derek Jacobi appearing in the RSC production of Much Ado About Nothing 

Cran brook, Kent Manufec- don (subsidiary of Simon Hashfield, Nottingham; Man- 
turer of grinding and polishing Engineering): Designer and ufacturer of industrial sewing 
components and other mated- contractor m mechanical and machines, 
als used in opthalmic and electrical engineering. Glen Gee, Newton Stewart 

optical lens production. Dnkmson (UK). North Corby (subsidiary of Scottish, En- 

Cbemical Services & Distribu- (subsidiary of an Australian glish & European Textiles): 

turer of grinding and polishing 
components and other materi- 
als used in opthalmic and 
optical lens production. 
Chemical Services & Distribu- 
tion, Sandbach: Manufacturer 
of agricultural herbicides. 

Cole & Mason. London: Man- 
ufacturer of modem tableware 
and kitchen accessories. 
Coopers (Swindon), Swindon 
(division of Coopers Hold- 
ings): Specializes in the recy- 
cling of non-ferrous scrap. 
Cosworth Engineering. North- 
ampton (member of the UE1 
Group): Designer and produc- 
er of engines and components, 
principally for raring and high 
performance cars. 

Crosfield Electronics, Henfel 
Hempstead: Designer and 
manufacturer of electronic 
equipment and systems for 
the printing industry* 

DRG transcript division of 
DRG UK., Glenrothes (sub- 
sidiary of DRG): Manufactur- 
er of carbonless copy paper. 
Davy Forge, Hartlepool (sub- 
sidiary of Davy Corporation): 
Manufacturer of ferrous and 
non-ferrous forgings. 

Davy McKee (Poole). Poole 
(subsidiary of Davy Corpora- 
tion): Designer and supplier of 
rolling mills, process lines, 
automation systems and ancil- 
lary equipment for the metals 

Decorpart Nelson: Manufac- 
turer of anodized metal com- 
ponents for the cosmetic and 
pharmaceutical industries. 
Drake & Scull Holdings, Loo- 

company); Manufacturer of Manufacturer of mohair blan- 
fittings "for overhead electric kets, travel rugs, scarves and 
power transmission lines. stoles. 

Edwards of Enfield: Greenfields Exports, 

Designer and manufacturer of Droitwich: Exporter of pedi- 
bighly-automaied mechanical gree breeding livestock and 
handling equipment and ma- bovine semen, 
chinery for the non-ferrous Guinness Exports, Liverpool 
metal extrusion industries. (member of the Guinness 

Enromoney Publications, Lon- group): Exporter of Guinness 
don (member of the Associat- and Harp lager, 
ed Newspapers Holdings HTV, Cardiff. Television pno- 

Group): Publisher of gramme contractor for Wales 

Euromoney and other special- and the west of England. 

1st financial magazines. 
FairUne Boats, Oundle: Build- 
er of pleasure motor boats. 
Fenner International, Hull' 
Exporter of power transmis- 
sion and conveyor belting 

Fibre Technology, Notting- 
ham: Producer of stainless 
steel fibres for reinforcing 
refractory and other concretes. 
Floform, Welshpool: Manu- 
facturer of high precision 
components and spark plug 
electrodes for the motor 

Fort Vale Engineering, Net- 
son: Manufacturer of valves 
and ancillary equipment for 
container tanks. 

Fortitmic, Dunfermline: Sup- 
plier of data acquisition equip- 
ment with emphasis on 
financial computer terminals. 
GUtspnr Predsiea Industries, 
trading as AHbook & 

The bindery systems division 
of Harm Graphics, Slough 
(subsidiary of Harris Graphics 
Corporation): Manufacturer 
of equipment for binding 
books, magazines and leaflets. 
Harvester Press Microform 
Publications, Brighton: Pub- 
lisher on 35mm roll film and 
silver handle microfiche of 
material for the library and 
scholarly community. 
Hayward and Green, 
Hen field. West Sussex: Ex- 
porter of aircraft radio and 
navigation aids, aircraft spares 
and general electronic compo- 
nents and test equipment. 
Henri-Lloyd, Worstey, Man- 
chester. Manufacturer of wa- 
terproof protective clothing 
for yachting, mountaineering, 
leisure outdoor activities and 

Hodge Separators, Pemyn, 
Cornwall (subsidiary of Samu- 

el Hodge): Manufacturer of 
oily water separators. 

House of Hardy. Alnwick, 
Northumberland (member of 
the Harris and Sheldon 
.Group): Manufacturer of high 
quality game-fishing tackle. 
William Hoy-land and Co, 
Penistone: Manufacturer of 
garden, fishing and golf um- 
brella frames and parts. 

Hysol GrafiL Coventry (joint 
venture by Courtaulds and the 
Dexter Corporation): Produc- 
er of carbon fibre for aero- 
space and other applications. 

I AD (UK). Worthing: Consul- 
tant to the motes’ industry. 
IBM United Kingdom Hold- 
ings, Portsmouth: Manufac- 
turer of information h a nd li n g 

Ipece Europe. Southend on 
Sea: Manufacturer of aircraft 

Islegrove. London: Specialist 
in international contract 

Jaguar Cara, Coventry: Man- 
ufacturer of luxury care. 

The rare earth product divi- 
sion of Johnson Matthey 
Chemicals. Widnes: Processor 
of extracted mineral mix, 
using ion-exchange technol- 
ogy to obtain rare earth 

Klark-Teknik, Kiddermin- 
ster Designer and. manufac- 
turer of audio processing 
equipment for professional 

Kodak, Hemel Hempstead 
(subsidiary of Eastman Kodak 
Company): Manufacturer and 
exporter of photographic ma- 
terials and equipment. 

JB & S Lees. West Bromwich: 
Manufacturer of cold rolled 
mild and carbon steel and 
special steel strip. 

Lingard Industrial Holdings, 
Wareham, Dorset: Maker and 
exporter of air beds for 

Upton Export Leighton Buz- 
zard: Exporter of tea bags to 
80 countries. 

Loudon & Scandinavian Met- 
allurgical Co.. Rotherham 
(subsidiary ofMetalluig): Pro- 
ducer of Titanium Boron 
aluminium, a grain refiner for 
the primary aluminium 

Kenneth MacKenzie Hold- 
ings. Stornoway, Isle of Lewis: 
Spinner, dyer and finisher of 
Hams Tweed. 

Thomas’s division of Mars 
GB. Halifax (subsidiary of 
Mars (USA): Manufacturer of 
pet foods and accessories. 
Martin-Baker Aircraft Co, 
Middlesex: Designer and sell- 
er of aircraft ejector seats. 
Massey Ferguson (United 
Kingdom), London: Tractor 

Monotype international dfcri- 
sioa of d»M«wotype Corpora- 
tion, RedhiM. Surrey: 
Manufacturer and exporter of 
image-setting equipment and 

peripherals for the graphic arts 


Morgan Grenfell and Co., 
London: Merchant bank. 
Mount Charlotte investments, 
Leeds: Hotel proprietor. 
National Video Corporation, 
London: Procfacer and distrib- 
utor of opera, ballet and other 
cultural programmes for 
world television and 

The “Old BnshnuBs” Distill- 
ery Company, County Antrim: 
Distiller and bottler of Irish 

Oxford Analytical Instru- 
ments. Abingdon (member of 
the Oxford- Instruments 
Group): Manufacturer of 
analysers for industrial quality 

Park Air Electronics (1385). 
Peterborough: Designer and 
manufacturer of ground-to-air 
communications equipment 
for civil and defence 

Phoneys of Scotland. Annan: 
Producer of smoked salmon 
and other smoked fish prod- 
ucts and delicatessen items.' 
Platanz Engineering, London: 
Manufacturer and exporter of 
transfer presses and associated 

Plessey Semiconductors, 
Swindon (member of the 
Plessey Group): Producer of 
“application specific” silicon 

Leading maskfans, rodadng 
Paid McCartney, Phil Coffins, 
and Stevie Wonder, me the 
audio-processing systems 
which have won AMS Indus- 
tries, of Burnley,. Lancashire, 
an export award for the third 
successive year. Used in pro- 
fessional broadcasting tod re- 
cording stadias, the machines 
can alter the quality, pitch « 
speed (rf recordings AMS was 
formed fa 1976 by Marie 
Crabtree and Stuart Neriscm, 
who woe working hi the 
aerospace industry. It now has 
70 employees. 

integrated circuits for use 
principally in communica- 
tions systems. 

Produce Studies, Newbury: 
Specialist in agricultural mar- 
keting research. 

Racal f mwm n nin a fitw w f Sys- 
tems, Bracknell (member of 
the Racal Electronics Group): 
Producer of micro processor- 
based radio communication 
systems for specialized 

Racal Safety. Wembley 
(member of the Racal Elec* 
tromes Group): Producer of 
anti-dust helmets, powered 
respirators and otter personal 
protective products for jKOpg 
working in hazardous 
environments. . 

Ridmdsm Sheffield. Sheft 
field: Manufacturer of fcircftej 
knives and blad es . ..jg* 

Rklgways Ten xml Coffee 
Merchants* a division of T«t$ 
nod Lyfc Industries, Liver- 
pool: Supplier and exporter of 

Kieser-Scragg, Macclesfield: 
Manufacturer of draw-textur- 
ing machines for the high- 
speed processing of polyester 
and polyamide continuous fil- 
ament yarns. * 

Royal Shakespeare Theatre, 
Stratford-upon-Avon: Theat- 
rical company. 

JL Shaw (Halifax), trading as 
; Shaw Moisture Meters, Brad- 
font Manufacturer of elec- 
tronic instruments foly 
measuring water vapour. 
Sherman Treaters, Thame: 
Manufacturer of corona treat- 
ing equipment for the plastics 
sad packaging industries. 

The aircraft rtirisfotn of Short 
Brothers, Bdfasr Manufec-, 
turer of the Short 330 and 360 
commuter airliners and 
freight and transport versions 
of .the. 330 and the Skyva^ 
transport aircraft. 

SQbertioe, Fife (subsidiary of 
a US company): Manufacturer 
of aluminium pigments for the 
motor industry. 

Smith and Telford, Hawick. - & 
Roxburghshire: Producer of 
high quality cashmere and' 
lambswool knitwear. 

Southern Ocean Shipyard, 
Poole Builder of ocean-going 

Sterling Freight Services, 
trading as Sterling Gulf Ser- 
vices. Hannondsworth, Mid- 
dlesex: Air freight forwarder. * 

TE Desfocd Tubes, Leicester 
(member of the TJ Groups 
Manufacturer OF precision 
sled tube, using the Assel Mill 

Tam Tapes. Saxmundham, 
Suffolk: Manufacturer of plas- 
tic embossing tape and cover- 
ing material and envelopes. ■ 

The Bridgeport machines dm-£ 
skin of. Textron. Leicester 
(division of a US company): 
Manufacturer of machine 
tools, especially computer- 
controlled milling machines 
and machining centres. 

Continued <m page 25 






AU the Queen’s mat: (from left) Mart : Crabtree of AMS Industries, Sir Edwin Nixon of IBM (UK), Christopher Reeves of 

Morgan Grenfell and John Egan of Jaguar Ours 

^ Recognition for Giotto team 

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Continued from page 24 
Thor Ceramics, Clydebank: 
Producer of specialized engi- 
neering ceramics and refrac- 
tory goods for the sted 

Turbine ' Services, Hatfield 
.^member of the ChromaDoy 
American Corporation 
Group); Repairer of gas tur- 
bine components and special- 
ist in applying coatings to 


VG Analytical. Manchester 
(member of the VG Instru- 
ments Group): Manufacturer 
of mass spectrometers. 

Hiram Walker & Sons (Scot- 
land), Dumbarton .(subsidiary 
of Hiram Walker Resources 
(Canada): Distiller and ex- 
porter of Scotch whisky. 
Whalsay Fish Processors, 
Whalsay, Shetland: Processor 
of frozen fish. 

™ George M Whlley, Lrving- 

* sion. West Lothian (member 
of the Associated Paper Indus- 
tries Group): Manufacturer of 
hot press stamping foils. 
Woodgate Automotive. South- 
end on Sea (subsidiary of 
Winlen Bay): Exporter of 
“Woodgate” heavy . duty, 

Xenotron Holdings, Diss, 
Norfolk: Manufacturer, of 
computer-based video com- 
posing systems and photo- 
typesetting equipment fix- the 
newspaper and commercial 
printing industries. 

YARD. Glasgow: (subsidiary 
of Yarrow): Specialist in ma- 
rine engineering, naval archi- 
tecture and systems 
engineering consultancy. 

IjjftHmg Austen and Young 
(International), - 
Rickmansworth (member of 
the Trafalgar House Group): 
Designer, developer and con- 
struction services. : 

Ynasa Battery (UK), Ebbw 
Vale, Gwent: Manufacturer of 
sealed lead acid batteries. 

Beecham pharmaceutical re- 
search division of The Bee-. • 
chain Group, Epsom: For the . 

development of Beta- 
lactamase inhibitor (potassi- 
um davulanate) for antibiotic 
therapy. - 

Black & Decker, Spennymoor, 
Co . Durham: A new and 
unique method of automati- 
cally assembling the series 
wound motor used in a variety 
of power tools. ’ 

The space and communica- 
tions division of British Aero- 
space. Stevenage: Design, 
development and manufac- 
ture of the Giotto spacecraft. 

The space and communica- 
tions division of British Aero- 
space at Stevenage, 
Hertfordshire, has won an 
award for technological 
achievement in its work on the 
Giotto spacecraft, which suc- 
cessfully intercepted Halley's 
Comet last month. BAe was 
responsible for the Jggjftn, 
deyetopment and manufacture 
of the £34 million spacecraft, 
which passed wit hin 500 
kilometres of the comet’s nu- 
cleus and sent back detailed 
pfctnNB. Tte cnft, stfD on its 
journey through space, cov- 
ered 120 million kilometres to 
the comet and almost halved in 
weight as it burnt op its fuel 

Brown & Root (UK), Conoco 
(UK) Ltd, and the design and 
projects division of Vickers: 
Jointly, for the design and 
manufacture of the tension-leg 
oil production platform. 
Cosworth Research and De- 
velopment, Worcester Devel- 
opment- of the Cosworth 
process for the production of 
high Integrity aluminium al- 
loy castings. 

Davy McKee (Boole), Poole: 
Development of an automatic 
flatness control system com- 
prising" . the Vidimon 
shapemeter, and a real time 
process computer, to produce 
the flanestmetal strip and fofl. 
The space department of the “ 
Royal Aircraft Estabfishmemt, 
Ministry of Defence, 
Farnborottgh, Hampshire, 

and the space technology de- 
partment of Pilkington. Rhyl. 
CJwyd: Jointly, for work on 
the development of solar cell 
cover glasses and optical sur- 
face reflectors, used on space- 
craft to conven solar energy 
inz electrical energy which 
powers the spacecraft. 

ECS Energy Conservation 
Systems,Fehham. Middlesex: 
Development of a mains sig- 
nal ling system (ECS 7000) and 
a computer-controlled lighting 
control and switching system 
(ECS 6000). 

Information Technology 
Group, Winchester Develop- 
ment of the momentum fault 
tolerant super-minicomputer, 
enabling rapid recovery from 
any foult and preventing sys- 
tem breakdown. 

Link Systems, High Wyc- 
ombe: Significant technical 
breakthrough in the develop- 
ment of a new spectrometer. 
Electric actuator gro u p of 
Lucas Aerospace, Bradford: 
Technological achievement in 
the use of rare earth 
samarium cobalt permanent 
magnet materials in the pro- 
duction and development of 
high performance actuation 
systems for aerospace and 
defence applications. 

Marconi Radar Systems, 
Chelmsford: Development of 
Martello transportable long- 
range three-dimensional sur- 
veillance radars for air defence 

Bernard McCartney, Stock- 
port Development of the 
Macpactor sted landfill com- 
pactor wheels, designed as 
sets, transforming the landfill 
compactor into a mincing and. 
pulverising machine. 

The engineering research and 
development divisions of Met- 
al Box, Wantage: Develop- 
ment of a process for forming 
the necks of beverage cans 
(spin-necking) and for the 
development of machinery 
for the process. - - - 

Institute of Oceanographic 
Sciences, Godaiming Devel- 
opment of geological long- 

range inclined asdic (GLO- 
RIA). which prodnees photo- 
graph-like images of the sea 

Offs Imre Marine Engineering. 
Walsall: Development of 
OME/AQUA saturation div- 
ing system for use on specialist 
diving support vessels. 

Petrocon Gall Thomson. 
Great Yarmouth: Develop- 
mem of marine anti-pollution 
and safety breaks wav- 
couplings to protect offshore 

hose transfer systems. 

Polymer Laboratories. Church 
Strenon. Shropshire: Devel- 
opment of the dynamic me- 
chanical thermal analyser 

Ruston Gas Turbines. Lincoln 
(a GEC company): Consider- 
able technical innovation in 
the development of the Torna- 
do industrial gas turbine. 

Sarclad International Ches- 
terfield: Innovation in the 
development of the Rollscan- 
Autoraatic inspection system 
for mill rolls. 

The University of Strathclyde 
department of pharmacy. 
Glasgow, and the Wellcome 
Research Laboratories. Beck- 
enham: Jointly, in recognition 
of their research and co- 
operation in the development 
ofTracrium, a neuromuscular 
blocking agent used to relax 
muscles in a wide range of 
surgical procedures, and in 
facilitating controlled 

York' Technology. Chandlers 
Ford. Hampshire: Develop- 
ment oftfae FCm 1.000 optical, 
fibre measurement instru- 
ment which, under computer 
control, automatically mea- 
sures all the important param- 
eters of an optical fibre. 

ZED. Instruments Ltd, West 
Molesey, Sussex: Develop- 
ment of the world’s first 
successful instrumental guid- 
ance and automated steering 
system for use in mining and 
civil engineering projects. 



0b and after 21st April, 1986 
Standard Chartered Bank’s Base Rate 
for tending is being decreased from 
11.09% to 10.50% 

Deposit Rates are ansswerea Nswama 

7 days 1 notice 6.35% 4.75% 

7.35% 5.49% 

21 days’ notice 

Interest paid half-yearly 

Standard Chartered Bank 

Head Office 38 Bishopsgale, London EC2N 40E 
Tel. 01-280 7500 Telex 885951 

Hill Samuel 

Base Rate 

With effect from the close of 
business on 21st Apnl, 1986, Hill 
Samuel’s Base Rate for lending will 
be decreased from 
11% to 10.5% per annum. 
demand deposit accounts 

Depositors not liable to deduction 
^ for basic rate tax 
6.35% per annum gross. 
Depositors liable to 1 deduction 
*for basic rate tax 

4.75% per annum net 
6.69% per annum ^ gross equivatent 
Interest to be paid quarterly and 
rates are subject to variation. 

Hill Samud&Calimited 

100 Vvbod Street London EC2P 2 A|. 
Telephone: 01-628 80H. • 

Bank PLC 

NatWest announces that 
with effect from 
Monday, 21st April, 1986, 
its Base Rate 
is decreased from 
11.00% to 10.50% per annum. 

All facilities (including regulated consumer credit 
agreements) with a rate of interest linked to 
NatWest Base Rate will be varied accordingly. 

41 Lothbury London EC2P 2BP 


Cham and Vevey (Switzerland) 

The shareholders are hereby convened to the 
to be held on Thursday, May 15, 1986 at 3.00 p.m. 
at the "Palais de Beaulieu” LAUSANNE (SWITZERLAND) 


1. Approval of the 1985 Accounts and of the Directors' 


2. Discharge of the Board of Directors and of the 

3. Decision regarding the appropriation of the net profit 

4. Elections in accordance with the Articles of Association. 

The owners of bearer shares may obtain their admission cards 
for the General Meeting (with a proxy) at the Company s 
Share Control Office at Cham up to Monday, May 12. 1986 at 
noon, at-the latest. The cards will be delivered against the 
statement of a bank that the shares have been deposited with 
them or upon deposit of the shares at the offices of the 
Company where they will remain blocked until the day after 
the Genera] Meeting. 

The Nestle Annual Report 1985 with the Directors' Report of 
Nestld S.A (including the Balance Sheet and the Profit and 
Loss Account with comments, the Auditors' Report and the 
proposals for the appropriation of profits) is available to the 
holders of bearer shares as from April 22, 1986 at the 
Registered Offices at Cham and Vevey and at the Offices of 
the paying Agents of the Company. 

The holders of registered shares whose names are entered 
in the Share Register will, within the next few days, receive at 
their latest address communicated to the Company, an 
envelope containing the Notice for the General Meeting, 
together with a form including an application for obtaining 
the admission card for such Meeting as well as a proxy. On the 
other hand, the above-mentioned Report will be dispatched 
a few clays later. 

The shareholders are requested to address any correspon- 
dence concerning the General Meeting to the Share Control 
Office of the Company at Cham (Switzerland). 


Cham and vevey, April 21. 1986 

growth | 

By Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent \ 

Britain's straggling building j 
industry faces three years of j 
modest growth, with a relatiie j 
boom in construction of new 
commercial property and a 
coafiaaing rise hi repair and j 
maintenance work- 

Latest forecasts from the [ 
National Council of Bnflding j 
Material Producers published i 
today show that the industry ! 
expects almost all of the j 
growth to come from non- j 
boosing markets. j 

The total value of all work, j 
calculated at 1980 prices, is j 
expected to rise by 4 per cent | 
next year to £2&5 billion 
followed by a further increase 
of 3 per cent to 1988 to £24 J 

Private honsebaifding is 
forecast to grow by 8 per cent 
this year to a constant 1980 
value of £3.2 billion but then 
rentals static for the next two 

Council house building is 
predicted to foil in value by 
another 14 per cent this year 
after plummeting 175 per cent 
in 1985. Frather foils of 11 per 
cent in 1987 and 7 per cent m 
1988 to a new low-level of £535 
million are expected. 

Commercial bnflding work 
will grow by 8 per cent this 
year and 10 per cent next year 
to £4.000 milium. 


cL". sderd for \ 9S5 S.65p ( 5. 1 5pj. 
Net rental income £19.42 mil- 
iic.n ‘t\ ".4ft million). Pretax 
profi: £9. 6S million <£S.9S mil- 
lion!. Earnings per share 8.61 p 

Turnover for 1985 £20.96 mil- 
lion t£P.!2 million). Pretax 
prof:: £1.15 million i£l.3t mil- 
lion:. Total dividend unchanged 
at 4.25p. Earnings per share, 
before extraordinary hems 
it?.53p <26.79?) and after, 

22 06p i4G.i!pj. 

• gold & base metal 
MINES: No dividend mil) for 
S-iiS. Pretax loss £70.0/7 

profit). Loss per share, 
re extraordinary item. I_20p 

f0. 3 ftp earnings i. 

• EX-LANDS: Dividend O.ftp 
i samel for 1985. Pretax profit 
£ T !.S53 )£72.063i. Earnings per 
share, before extraordinary 
item. 1.3lp M.ilpi. 

• BENT .ALLS: Turnover for 
1985. excluding VaT. £62.74 
million (£61.38 million). Pretax 
profit £3-26 million (£3.03 mil- 
lion). Total dividend 2.3p 

tamings per share 4.87p 
(4. 91 pi. 

Talks are on concerning the sale 
oi'ihe group's plastics businesses 
a; BiUencas Essex. These are 
Bail Plastics. Henry J Peiers 
(Billencas) and BEF Products 

dividend for 1985 0.6p (Ip 
restated). Turnover £4.8S mil- 
lion '£6 2ft million i. Pretax loss 
£223.949 iprofii £i.D4 million). 
Loss per share 0.”p (earnings 
2.9ip restated). 

Tola) dividend for 1985 8.25p 
fc.Ssp adjusted). Pretax profit 
£55 & million (£47.5 million). 
Earnings per share, before 
extraordinary item. 26. 3 p (20.6p 



Three months to Feb. 28, 1986. 
Net sales 90.408 milfiOT yen 
f£339 million), against 101939 
million yen. Pretax eam^S 5 
10.510 million yen (19.209 mil- 
lion yen). Reduced results were 
caused mainly by the steep nse 
in the value of the yen and weak 
demand for electronic 

BER ESTATES: Dividend 0.9p 
M.l pi for 1985. Turnover 
£761.922 (£1.21 million). Pretax 
profit £268.613 <£466.423). 
Earnings per stock unit J.Slp 

GROUP: Total di\idcnd for 
IQ&5 held ai ftp. Turnover 16.86 
million (£6.75 million). Pretax 
profit £1.3“ million <£1.32 mil- 
lion). Earnings per share 2Q-73p 
1 1 8.7Qp). Net assets a share rose 
during the vear from £1.74 to 

ihe 1 2.4$ million new ordinary 
shares provisionally allotted by- 
way of rights, 12.09 million 
(about 96.91 per cent) were 
taken up. The balance has been 
sold in the market 

(WELLINGTON): No divi- 
dend for 1985 (ml). Turnover 
£4.88 million (£6.14 million). 
Pretax profit £28.000 (£17.000). 
Earnings per share 0.5 Ip (0.3p) 

ERAL TRUST: Interim divi- 
dend 0.2p(0.2pj. Dividends and 
interest received (gross I for the 
half-vear to March 3). 1986. 
£5 1 2. 1 97 (£66. 772). Net rex cnue 
before lax £338.995 (£53,002). 
Earnings per share 0.2075p 
(0.1723p adjusted). Net asset 
value per iOp ordinary shares 
37. | p (28. 6p adjusted I. 

Operating prom 



upenuiw h-v... for 
AusS 12.24 million fj5-8 mil- 
lion). against AusSl*-lh mil- 
lion: Total dividend UMteVg 
at 5 cents. Saks AmSI9.69 
million IAusSl8.ft3 

has received acceptances tor 
224.314 ordinary stock units, or 
90.34 per cenL The offer is now 
unconditional and will remain 

• GSRs The company has sold a 
50 per cent interest in its 
Lemington coal mine in the 
Huowr Valley of New Souih 
Wales to Esso Exploration and 

Production Australia. 

Toia! pavment for the year to 
March 31. 1986. l.4p (1.7p). 
Gross income £1.04 _ million 
(£! 2d million). Earnings per 
share l.43p ll.73p). Net asset 
\alue of each ordinary share (cx 
div 1. deducting poor charges at 
par. 103 4p (89.9pj. 

• KALAMAZOO: Half-year 
ended Jan. 31. 1986. No interim 
dividend, against Q.5p. Sales 
£20.35 million (£21.43 million!- 
Loss, before K-W-A bonus and 
tax. £770.000 (profit £339,000). 
The hoard expects a lower profit 
for i he full vear ihan in 1 984-85. 

months to Dec. 3!. 1985. com- 
pared with ihe six months to 
Apnl 30. 19*5. No dividend. 
Turnover - sales of oil and gas - 
£1.5n million (£1.93 million). 
Profit, before and after tax, 
aitnbutabie to the company 
£ n, 3.n , jo (£426.000). Earnings 
per share O.&ftp r5.03p). 

• \SDA-MFI: The group plans 
an issue of £100 million. 9'<a per 
cent bonds, due 2002. through 
an international syndicate. Issue 
price: 99i ; per cent of foe 
principal. Application is being 
made for a London listing. 


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The last three years have seen Plessey 
Semiconductors' export sales of microelectronic 
components rise by 150%. Sales to Japan have 
trebled; in the USA they have doubled and in 
some forty other countries impressive results 
have been achieved 

As a result Plessey Semiconductors has 

received the 2986 Queen’s Award for Export 

It's a further demonstration that, given 
the right technical ability, marketing skills 
and entrepreneurial spirit, a British company 
can compke in the world’s toughest markets 
- and keep winning. 


Technology is our business. 

PlesseySemicondunors Limited ■ Cheney Manor Swindon Wiltshire UK Piympion Plymouth Devon UK 

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buildings and roads 

Weekly Dividend 

Phase make a now or Wur aaily wuls 
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Saturday's newspaper 


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April 21, 1986 



A nation returns to Europe 

% King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia 
tomorrow begin a four-day state 
, to Britain. The king will 
address both Houses of Parliament 

Spain has underaone an ex- 
traordinary transfo rma tion in 
recent years. A country which 
for many years had been 
remote from the mainstream 
of European affairs, it 'went 
through, a period of even 
greater isolation during the 
long Franco dictatorship. Po- 
litical developments were sti- 
fled and Spain was to a great 
.extent cut off from economic 
ijCjnd social changes rapidly 
taking place elsewhere. 

Behind the Pyrenees ft was a 
world apart, distinguished not 
just by bull-fights and the 
tricorne-hatted Guanfia Civil, 
but by a traditional society 
very much under the influence 
of the Ro man Catholic 
Church, marked by the ab- 
sence of effective political and 
social institutions and, at one 
time, extreme poverty. 

Today the boll-fights and 
the Guardia Civil remain, but 
much else has chany d Spain 
has a democratically elected 
Socialist government, many of 
whose members are relatively 
3 young men with a directness 
of manner which contrasts 
with the starchiness of the 

So Spain is at last in a 
position to play its full part in 
European affairs. It has been a 
member of the European 
Community since the begin- 
ning of this year, and in the 
referendum held last month 
confirmed that it would re- 
main a member of Nato. 

The results of recent eco- 
nomic development are visi- 
bie almost everywhere — from 
new building in the cities to 
the nearly continuous line of 
hotels and blocks of flats 
which adorn, and in many 
ways spoil, the Mediterranean 

In social matters with the 
weakening of the influence of . 
the Church, the old inhibi- 
tions on divorce, abortion and 
sexual explicitness have been 
to a great extent lifted. 

Moreover, Spain is not a 
reluctant, member, British- 
style, of the EEC Though it is 
going to have difficulty adjust- 
rag its economy to member- . 
ship, the concept of Europe is 
a po pular one, and no signifi- 
cant body of political opinion 
is opposed- Loss of sovereign- 
ty is hardly raised as an issuer 
Members of the Government 
speak enthusiastically, per- 
haps over-enth usiastically . of 
the advantages of closer 


This is partly due to Spain 
being, in spite of the barrier of 
the Pyrenees, a continental 
country. Spaniards have not 
just absorbed enormous num- 
bers of foreign tourists, but 

EEC membership 
sets the seal 

have themselves travelled 
widely to other European 
countries to find jobs. 

Beyond that, Europe was 
seen during the Franco years 
as a symbol of the freedom 
and progress they themselves 
aspired to, so that member- 
ship of the Community sets a 
seal on the country's new 
democratic status. As one 
member of the government 
put it, Europe is not a matter 
of “them**, but of “us". 

The transformation of 
S panish life was given its main 
impetus by the death of 
Franco in 1975. But it had 
began before that, with the 
rapid economic development 
of the 1960s — the result of 
Franco's decision to bring a 
new breed of technocrats into 
his government. While the 
political system remained os- 
sified, the Spanish economy 
began to grow dramatically, 
helped by the development or 
other European economies. 

' By Franco's death the great- 
er prosperity, and the political 
pressures which accompanied 
it, did much to promote the 
transition to democracy. 

The rock that is 
still an obstacle 

The continuing sensitivity 
the Gibraltar issue was 
brought home by the incident 
last mouth in which a Span- 
ish aircraft carrier, the 
Dedal o. intruded into the 
colony's territorial waters. 
There were immediate sug- 
gestions that King Juan 
Carlos's visit might be called 

Similarly in 1981 tire King 
and Queen Sophia did not 
come to the wedding of the 
Prince and Princess of Wales 
as a protest against the fact 
that they were intending to set 
off on their honeymoon from 


Gibraltar has been a bone 
of contention between Britain 
and Spain since 1713. w hen it 
was ceded to Britain. When- 
ever the two governments 
want to improve their rela- 
tions there is always the issue 
of Gibraltar standing in the 

Spain insists that it has. or 
shonld have, sovereignty over 
the Rock. Britain repeats that 
it will not hand over sover- 
eignty unless the Gibraltari- 
ans agree. And the 
Gibraltarians make it abun- 
dantly dear that they do not 
want to become part of Spain. 

General Franco tried to 
force the issue. In 1969 be 
closed the border altogether. 
Bat this only made the Gi- 
braltarians even more deter- 
mined to remain British. 

After the return of democ- 
racy to Spain new efforts were 
made, and in 1980 an Aoglo- 
Spanish agreement was 
signed in Lisbon which pro- 
vided for the opening of the 
border and the beginning of 
talks on Gibraltar. 

This was not implemented 
until February, 1985, when 
the frontier was finally 
opened .and discussions on a 
number of relatively 
uncontentions subjects began. 
The sovereignty issue was left 
on one side, though the 
Spanish insisted it was part of 
the negotiations. 

The hope was that agree- 
ment could be reached on 
some or all of these — the 
communique spoke of eco- 
nomic. cultural, touristic, avi- 
ation. military and 
environmental matters — and 
that dial would improve the 
atmosphere. The most prom- 
ising area appeared to be 
aviation, and the possibility 
that Spanish airlines would 
be allowed to nse Gibraltar- 1 

But agreement has been 
held op bv Spanish insistence 
that Spanish passengers ar- 
riving in Gibraltar from 
Spanish airports and intend- 
ing to go straight back into 
Spain should nut have to go 
through immigration and cus- 
toms controls. The Gibraltari- 
ans are reluctant to accept 
that, seeing it as the thin end 
of the wedge. 

It was none the less a 
difficult transition, as was 
shown by the attempted coup 
d'etat by senior Army officers 
in 1981. The Spanish Army, 
and the Spanish Right general- 
ly. continued to have theft- 
own views on the proper way 
to conduct affairs. Though 
they were a minority, they had 
to be carefiiQy watched while 
steps were taken after Franco's 
death to bring in a democratic 

King Juan Carlos played a 
key role in this process, in the 
knowledge that there was a 
considerable body of opinion 
pressing for democracy. He 
was also aware that the only 
kind of monarchy that can 
expect to survive today is a 
constitutional one. He used 
the powers that he had inherit- 

ed as Franco's chosen succes- 
sor to select a prime minister 
with s imilar views to his own, 
Senor Adolfo Suarez. When 
the new democratic system 
was subsequently challenged 
in the 1981 coup, he used his 
authority to thwart the 

Since then Spain has under- 
gone the critical test of a 
democracy: the change of 
power from government to 
opposition. As a result of the 
1982 election the Socialist 
Party of Senor Felipe Gonza- 
lez replaced the Union of the 
Democratic Centre previously 
led by Senor SuArez » 

But anxious glances contin- 
ue to be cast from time to time 
in the direction of the army. 
The publicly expressed pique 
of a genera! at being passed 

over for promotion on the 
decision of the minister of 
defence made headline news 
last month. But the hope must 
be that the 1981 affair was the 
last gasp of a dying breed. 

Certainly the Socialist gov- 
ernment has taken firm and 
effective steps to bring the 

Effects of isolation 
are still there 

armed forces under civilian 
control. One of the arguments 
in favour of Spain’s member- 
ship of Nato is that it will turn 
military eyes from the tradi- 
tional dose watch on their 
fellow-citizens, to the wider 
horizons of external defence in 
a European context. 

Problems remain, not least 

the terrorism in the Basque 
country There are also signs 
that Spain's long isolation 
continues to have its effects. 
In the recent referendum on 
Nato membership, for in- 
stance. it might have been 
thought that the nature and 
extent of the Soviet threat, the 
raison d'etre of the alliance, 
would be examined and as- 
sessed. together with the im- 
plications for Spain. In the 
event, however, the issue was 
seen, not as primarily one of 
international dimensions but 
as a party political one. 

The Socialists, who had 
been opposed to Spain's Nato 
membership when in opposi- 
tion. and who came to see its 
merits once in power, advo- 
cated remaining in the alli- 
ance. The decision was taken 

despite reservations by many 
of their rank and file. The 
opposition Popular Coalition, 
though stronger believers than 
the Socialists in Nato. as 
advocates of Spain's joining 
the integrated military com- 
mands. called vigorously for 

On the day. the vote went 
for staying in Nato and was a 
personal triumph for Senor 
Gonzalez, and a welcome 
boost for the alliance. It 
decisively marked the end of 
Spain's isolation from interna- 
tional affairs. But there was 
much about it that was 

One factor which emerged 
was a degree of anti-Ameri- 
canism and, at times, a ten- 
dency- to see Americans and 
Russians in the same light. 

The Spanish, after all. not 
havsng been involved in the 
Second World War. have no 
historical reason to see the 
Americans as liberators. There 
is resentment of their support 
for Franco. And there are 
those who like to point out 
that the US was Spain's enemy- 
in the country’s last major 
external war. the Spanish- 
American War of 1 S98. 

There is a strong emotional 
attachment on the other 
hand, to the Spanish-Ameri- 
can countries. Though Span- 
ish trade with them is less than 
with western Europe, there is a 
belief that Spain should try io 
forge closer links between 
Spanish America and the Eu- 
ropean Community. 

Peter Strafford 



1905, Spam’s balance of trade 
vas certainly in the orange. 

The last Spanish royal visit to this country was 
in 1905, when King Alfonso XIII came to pay his 
respects to Edward VII. 

from) ] At that time, Spain’s economy was 

heavily dependent on fruit and vegetables. 
Indeed, any money that didn’t grow on trees 

almost certainly grew from the earth.. 

Fruit and vegetable exports accounted for over 
a third of all Spain’s earnings from the British market. 
Now, in the year of King Juan Carlos’ visit, the 

story is somewhat different. 

SPANISH PROMOTION. CENTRE (INFE), 22/23 Manchester Square, 

If the senor in the picture with the box on his 
head was to hold one of today’s major exports in the 
same way, he would not be smiling. 

A modem four-door saloon 
weighs around one ton. 

Cars have now taken over JEREZ XEBES SHEPSy 

. , . t> > The Sherry Institute 

as bpains major export to ontain, ofsmin 

alone accounting for £334 million. Followed by 
petroleum products valued at £257 million. While the 
market for office machinery, computers and auto 
components is growing too. 

But we’re not neglecting our traditional exports. 

Three years ago, the Spanish Government 
Export Promotion Body INFE, or Instituto Nacional 
de Fomento de la Exportacion , set up an organisation 
in London. Fortunately with a shorter name. 

The Spanish Promotion Centre currently con- 
sists of three divisions, Foods from Spain, The Sherry 
Institute and Wines from Spain. 

And soon there will be divisions to promote 
industrial goods and the work of designers 
of furniture and fashion. 

Promoting these goods in this way 
helps Spain raise the money to pay for, 
amongst other things, traditional British 
exports such as whisky and Worcester Sauce. 

After all, man cannot live by oranges alone. 

London W1M 5AP. Telephone: 01-935 6140. Telex: 266406 OFCOME. 





















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Your Harbour... 


The democrat by design 

. . and in 1955. after passing.^ 

Luxury upunmunrs ^ Vuchr prime 
position. 25 minutes trom G*. 

. c. ■» hed rooms (between 1 00 and -89 m V 

!ir.h ! fifS*- md 

fireplace, directly overlooking i hc sca - 

SwimmiiS^ & .beautiful gardens. 

. Verv interesting pnees. 

. pav’menis over 10 years. 

- Already built- ___ 


(Marbella-Malaga) Head Office. Serr^o 2 3^D-l- 
For inspection (lights brochures and further details, 
call: UK Agent. _ __ 

01-969 1133 

It is surprising to find a 
Bourbon as the leading cham- 

pion of democracy in Spain, 
given the history of 


Banco de la 

PequenayMecMana Empresa 


The right place 
to do business in 
Barcelona & Madrid 

ptc UK - H?edynas- 
tv But that is the position that 

King Juan Carlos, who begins 
a state visit to Britain tomor- 
row. the First by a King of 
Spain for 80 years, has created 
for himself. He can take ; a 
areai deal of the credit for the 
process which led to the 
introduction of democracy in 
Spain after the death of Gener- 
al Franco in 1975, and for 
thwarting the most senous 
threat to it when Army gener- 
als attempted their coup d eiat 
in 1981. . . , 

There is no automatic loyal- 
ty towards the monarchy in 
Spain of the son enjoyed by 
the British royal family. But 
bv his own personal qualities 
Juan Carlos has achieved a 
wide popular following, so 
that the Socialists, who form 
the present government, and 
even the Communists, two 
parties which were long hos- 
tile to the monarchy, have 
fullv accepted him as King, 
Their surprise, and that ot 
almost everyone else, was all 
the greater in view of the 
upbringing Juan Carlos was 
given as a young man. Franco 
had an ambivalent attitude 
towards the monarchists, be- 
ing glad of their support in the 
Civil War but keen to ensure 
that there was no challenge to 
his own position from Juan 
Carlos's father, Don Juan, 
Count of Barcelona, the pre- 
tender to the throne. 

He therefore arranged tor 
Juan Carios rather than Don 
Juan to be his own formal 
successor, and insisted that he 
should have an education in 
Spain. His assumption ap- 
pears to have been that this 
would instil in him a respect 
for the principles of the 
Francois! system, and that 

when the time ca ™ e ^ or ? , 7„S 
succeed he would be a didy 
malleable head of state m the 
hands of a strong prime 

minister. , 

This was also the expecta- 
tion of almost everyone except 
Juan Carlos's few close 
friends. He kept his thought 
verv much to himself as long 
as Franco was alive - and 
even since his death allows uo 
disrespect to be sho^i w l he 
Generalissimo. But he had 
come to the conclusion that 
the only monarchy which tad 
a chance of sumvjng in the 
contemporary world was a 
constitutional one; and he 
used the powers bequeathed 
him by Franco to ensure that 
he presided over a democracy . 

No intellectual himself, but 
a man of much shrewdness, he 
has from his earliest days 
carefully to a 
wide range 
of political 

opinions. . 

and drawn his own conciu- 

and in 1955. after passtng.ihe 

school-leaving examination, 

the badtitlerm , 
went to the General Miliary 
Academy at Saragossa, fol- 
lowed by the Naval College at 
Marin and the General Air 
College at San Javier. He then 
had two years following 
courses at the University of 
Madrid and, from 1963 to 
1968, spent time in various 
ministries learning what they 

d *ln 1969 Franco formally 
declared Juan Carlos his suc- 
cessor, and Juan Cartas pub- 
licly swore an oath of loyalty 
to Franco and to the 
Movimiento National, the 
successor to the fascist 
Falange - an act which did 
not appeal to his father, 
increasingly m contact with 
liberal opponents of the re 
. gjme, or to 

A distinguished line monarchists 
of roval forebears in generaLIt 
J - later became 

ana ui<jv»u *••» - — . — . 

sions. His unpretentious and 
direct manner, which shows 
up best on informal occasions, 
has won him support fro® 
most sectors of Spanish 

^uan Carios was born in 
Rome on January 5, 1938, the 
grandson of King Alfonso 
XIII and with a distinguished 
line of royal forebears on bo® 
sides of his family (he isa 

dear, however, that Juan Car- 
los tad been much influenced 
by his father, whom he ad- 
mires, and by democratic 
opponents of Franco of many 
persuasions. He used to travel 
to Estoril to see his father, and 
even while in Spain, where he 
had been given the Zarzuela 
Palace, outside Madrid, as a 
residence, used to have under- 
ground leaders smuggled in to 
see him, with coats over then- 

sides of his family (ne «« 

grau^ai-gantonofQuOT November. 

v.^«r, a i His family moved Franco died. Juan 

* . 1 Tl.i luMriw 

VittoriaL His family moved 

to Lausanne in 194_ and to 
Estoril, outside Lisbon, m 
1946. He began his edu^on 
in Switzerland, but in 1948. 
when he was 10. Eton Jtan 
accepted Franco s offer of a 
restoration in principle ot tne 
monarchy if Juan CariM and 
his younger brother, Alfonso, 
were educated in Spain. 

They were taught by tutors. 

iy/3, wnen — 

carios automatically became 
King, and in a speech to the 
Cortes, coolly received, he 
stated his belief in liberaliza- 
tion. But his powers were 

circumscribed by the 
Franco ist constitution and ne 
kept on the existing Prune 
Minister, Sefior Carlos Anas. 
For the time being, fears that 

there would be only ** ^ost 
&ofpoliti S l«Iaxa 11 ons 
appeared justified. 

The fears 

confirmed when, in 1976, 
juan Carlos replaced S«tar 
Anas with Sefior AdoHo 
Sukrez, a former general sarcre- 
£rvof the Movimiento 
NacionaL The appointment 
was widely criticized. 

juan Carios.had, Vm^v«. 

spotted some 

Sefior Suarez shared ms views 
SS^dfor demons 
and would be theman to put 
them into Police- 
schemed with a few cta« 
associates to have Seno 
Sufirez's name submitted to 
him. With Juan Car5os .L i ^^ 
ing. Sefior Sufirez surprised 
almost everyone by 
ing a senes of sweeping 


In November. 1976. the old 
Francois! Cortes adopted a 
political reform bill. Early the 
next year the Socialists woe 
legalized, followed by the 
Communists. The right to 
strike was recognized, trade 
unions made legal and the 
Movimiento National abol- 
ished. In June, 1977. the fust 
free general election for many 
years was held. 

Since then Juan Carlos has 
been a constitutional mon- 
arch, but the attempted coup 
of February, 1981, showed 
what a special positiOT he 
holds. It was only he. with his 
authority and as supreme 
commander of the armed 
forces, who was able immedi- 
ately to phone the captains- 
general of all the military 
regions, many of them in- 
clined to support the coup, 
and tell them firmly that he 
was opposed to it: and bewho 
went on television that night 
to declare it publidy. 

acceptedbyS^aHsts and Comnumisfar, 


rist, who tikes to Pky 
piano and has done mud* *j - 
promote music m Spain. She ^ 
r l Lam irfiie in L'ttan 12 - 

Not surprisingly- 

^todfLdsa.dativ*- Don 
■ L.Mi_nM«tnns life. He 

Lion ’ .r.; 

was decidedly critical of fev 
son's political direction, san* 
his differences when the moW 

J. „~nr>v hamniP COL. IB t* 

to *** JPjjjjJ 

simple, hard-working life He 

and Queen Fredenta of 
Greece, a woman wim » 
thought to be very much m 
sympathy with thfr political 

direction he has takra. 

Queen Sofia, s^wr S* *** r 
former King Constantine of 
Greece, is a archaeolo* 

own claim ... 
throne in favour _ 

Carlos, givutt him a dytasae-- 
uyitimaev that cou|d not be 
years he has lived in Madna. 

Travesera de Graoa. II 
Teier 97691 flPME 08021 BarceMa 

Maris de Mobna. 33 
Teier. BPME 28006 UaW 


^ ne. wtMut oW«rw. «w rawon «th corewe -ntermaon or me Sma I 
Business 3arA 

A leap into the Eighties 
with a glance at the past 

j ; n( >iv «*cnlar. materialist ; 


Dt V 


I ?-one iHomel 



Spain Is Different ran the 
Francoist slogan of the 1960s. 
This was more than a 
copvwriter's invention to cap- 
ture" the tourist trade. It was a 
declaration of intent; a deter- 
mination to keep an authori- 
tarian regime uncontaminated 
; by contact with democratic 
Europe. Now the slogan could 
run Spain Is The Same. Entry 

TO the EEC. denied to an ingly santo. 
anachronistic dictatotship. >s ^^"^ntStaries.acroi 
there to prove il respects imprisoned 

It was the central paradox of the Pyren^ 
latter-day Francoism that the m 

muti-uaj a — 

economic triumphs on which 
the regime prided itself, with 
Spain growing faster than any 
oiher OECD country except 
Japan, threw up a western 
consumer society. An increas- 


. Can'-ibr.:.'. Banc- i- Aton« atd Vmt- * ^ - tu <,ness martian t*t*«f. ^ ;i ’“ 

Hia ,• -.t E.pjba/.rcur #0 d-si- '■< w ; 1 'V'' ' n ^ ftp , « Ctcop. w*«« ■ Mic 

O-I-. A,..:, .teb .be •■- at..- P|«^ ^o«hjsiprt»Ratit«tiom .'itH «« 14 3i1 ^ e - a 

in tne wid(«cv 

system whose ideological ai- 

gSSl^dte 0 !-^ 
In little more than two 
decades Spain had experi- 
enced those economic trans- 
formations and their social 
consequences that tad taken 
half a century or more m other 
western European societies. 

The economic miracle 

changed the face of Spam: an 
agrarian society with an archa- 
ic industrial appentfage shoj 
up into the ranks of the top 
dozen industrial nations. 

The most visible result was 
the massive rural exodus— 1U 
per cent every 
industrial cities. First they 
built stacks. Now they are 
housed in soulless, high-nse 
suburbs. Madrid, traditionally 
an administrative centre, be- 
came an industrial city with 
one of the highest levels of 
pollution in Europe; it swal- 
lowed up its hinterland, creat- 
ing the demographic desert ot 
villaoM «n movingly 

in Barcelona: ««»* ^ ^ coaspicu- 

°us e.,pendu“reis matched 

SnpSS.OTioatealrivM a reluctance to fill .n thcrux 
indicator, the hostility to the 
singer, Julio Iglesias, as having 
become too American- 
Let me take random exam- 
ples of the persistence of okt 

hinged traditional values: but 
the extent of the damage has 
been over-estimated- All com- 
mentators saw in the sexual 
revolution an index of social 
change; in the immediate 
post-Franco turmoil, books on 
lesbianism and oral sex could 
be picked up in any street 
kiosk. Years of puritanical 
censorship had built up the 
pressure- The cork was Mown 
out of the champagne bottle. 
Now, as elsewhere in Europe, 
the wine is flat 
What remains is me gap 

A rise in crimes 
involving drugs 

farms. , 

Most of the tensions and. 
problems or the Spanish soa- ; 
ety are those that bedevil the , 
West above all the scourge o M\ 

structural unemployment. , 
The sensational rise of drug- ; 
related violent crimes, . 
prostitutes' advertisementt m , 
respectable papers speptying • 

patterns. ImeDectt^s^re- credit cards, are , 

vered- tomy mmd ^ by the nostalgic right, less ; 

ly- as they always havebeoi. cpjnmon European phe- i 

ri Del’ll rloirntPC mftfP SD8CC tO ^ __ -I ! 

IOWCU uy iva muim w ’ i — uiv* *VAA IV — "7 Ij ^ * * 

ina the demographic desert of What remains is the gap. £/ Pais devotes “orafP 0 ***? 
Verted villages so movingly between generations. Onoe po- obituaries of cultural ne- 
described by Spain’s best nov- | itica i, it is now cultural It is ^ _ Michel Foucault and 
Man, i^i neiihcs. «*fwted in the cult of pop Rnheri Graves aot fpur fun- 

iiauu, » _ roes - Michel Fowauh and 

elist. Manuel Delibes. reflected in , th 5 cu ^_° f 

Robert Graves got four fen- 

stars like Alaska, and m a spreads - than any oiher- 

privaie language in which the newspaper in Europe, 
pocke ts; oi*imu>o *«■ old are “carriages . Punks Spain is an urban society; 

mained much as they were, came in 1977 from Britain, a ^ die migrants keep up their 
but ihe rich got richer and the s ign of the Europeamzanon or ^ to ^eir villages and towns 
poorer less indigent- When fee Spain. The Madrid movida — w m c h they have left for the 
boom started one Spaniard in ^ untranslatable term tor tne gi 0WIL up on a larger 

. . — .♦ ferment of the worid of rash- this accounts for the 

ion and 

i|^l ITlUllUVi 

The boom of the 1960s ratt 
spending money in Spaniards 
pockets; class divisions re- 
mained much as they were, 















'* ‘' "'rV -, l/' 

..Repi^wcswOtFfee,/ • • • . - ■ ; •; ^ ,v •• 

BepMSMBMriyeOftKe- 1-; . r?.- :'y \ 


•Head . 



DUUUI -r- — . 

100 owned a car by the tune it 

bad finished this had risen to 
one in every JO. . . 

One result is that Spain is 
now the TV society of Europe 
par excellence. The parlmfr 
game, One Two Three, has 17 
million viewers. Control at 
television, traditionally exer- 
cised by the government, has 
become one of the "hottest 
political issues. _ 

Another result is that there 
are newly prosperous migrants 
who do not share the tradi- 
tional values of the old work- 
ing class. There is a new class 
of business executives on 
higher salaries than their Brit- 
ish equivalents. Hard workers, 
trained in modem business 
methods, they do not resem- 
ble the speculative gamblera 
who prospered “ nd , e j; 
Francoism — the ramshackle 
empire of Ruiz Mateos, a 
typical product of the 1960s, 
was confiscated by the Social- 
ists in 1983. They are engaged 
in a hard struggle in a market 
economy where privilege and 
protection are vanishing. 

At the same time, though 
mechanization and agribusi- 
ness have destroyed the Anda- 
lusia of Gerald Brenan. they 
have not relieved its chronic 
structural unemployment. 
Those who can have left for 
the holds of the costas - 
tourism is still the biRRest 
single employer - or the 
factories of Spain and north- 
ern Europe. 

These dramatic changes un- 


ion and arts — espouses a Q f regionalism. Span- 

brand of post-modernism im- Qwn ^ but, individual- 

ported from France. , ‘ ists still, they show a fine 

o.,t mAiilri h#» a mistake tO ■- . j i* mboiiIo. 

as common European phe- 
Aomena,Than as the particular 
consequence of the introduc- 
tion of democratic freedom . 

But this newly permissive 
society is more conservative 
than it sometimes looks. The 
Socialist Party’s moderate pol- 
icies are not merely the impo- 
sition of economic necessity. 
They are a recognition that to 
overcome residual conserva- 
tism demands patience and 

• s t 



n icu uwui & . 

But it would be a mistake to 
take the movida of Madrid 
and its provincial outposts m 
Galicia — now a top fashion 
centre - or cafes where trans- 
vestites pullulate, or even 
wife-swapping in . Barcelona 
dubs, as indicators of a mas- 
sive abandonment of tradi- 
tional values. About 75 per 
cent of Spaniards still identity 
themselves as Roman Catho- 
lics even if their Catholicism 
is a matter of the ntual 
observance of baptism and 
marriage as rites de passi 
and if the Church has lost 
position it once held as the 
accepted arbiter of moral 

Many Spaniards also hold 
competing value systems. If a 
job in one of the great US 
firms is the dream of the 
young executive, as elsewhere 
in Europe, there is a fear of 
creeping Americanization, of 
a loss of autochthonous val- 

Raymond Carr 

LaroB settlement with adhwized ptenning Permission and 
Irrtetes-Touristica off® the fotowmo possibilities. 

The layout ot a GOLF COURSE Caw 

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113,000 sq.m of ground directly nerito the Sotfcoure®; 


No Iona term tying up of c^xtaL Favourabte purchase 
price as not situated in an endustria) area. Above a verse 
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We will also help you to set up a synthcats. 

dES Star 100m - 

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We also have offices in: . , , 




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<i'?r - •••• 



.iy h Tt- -7 ■ 





. :wmr 4n/W& 

Tough approach 
to the economy 

'■■ A'Srm 

& & 

*.V> 'I 

After the hurdle, an 

,’S famous bach-franc WHh EEC membership, both the motor ad toorisr indoarie, should boom 

e. an EEC-based boom? 

Spain's EEC accession treaty 
is-the best h. could obtain in 
difficult dmimstances. It is 
none the Jess a punishing, 
treaty. Negotiations for mem- 

. '•'Sf' V 5 ' 5* 

* / * - > •« .I-" 

:?*»■ V.wsb 


crisis, and an international 
economic crisis. 

The government of Sen or 
Felipe Gonzalez was forced to 
lower Spain's sights until al- 
most all that remained was the 
single, minima], essential ob-_ 
jectrve — getting the treaty 

a^ .That accomplished, the So- 
cialist government has been 
trying to recoup in Brussels 
since Spain became a member 
on January 1 what it could not 
obtain before. 

It has already achieved 
something. Spain's quota for 
steel exports to other EEC 
countries has been raised for 
1986. In addition, the govem- 
tneni has successfully invoked; 
safeguard clauses in Spain's 
accession treaty "and persuad- 
ed the EEC Commission to 
curtail exports of steel to 
Spain from the rest of the 
Community.tfris year, alleging 
that some countries have en- 
gaged in dumping. 

So if Major Round One — r 
the entry ^ '‘terms — went. fo- 
Bhissels. Mini Rotmd Two 
was Spain’s. Round Three is 
I likely to be iii IS^'ntthe md- 
oflhe transition period to foil : 
membership- In 10 years’ time 
! Spain is expected ' to be a 
market leader in Europe in. 

certain form products and a 
market leader in cam. Its 
' wines will be holding their 
market' share. Certain steel 
products and certain textil es . 
and certain leather goods and 
shoes will be competitive. 
Spain will be a major cement 
exporter. Aik! tourism, which 
brings in over $8 billion a year 
in foreign exchange, will still, 
be booming. 

The challenge is getting 
from now to then. Spanish 
industry (in general the weak- 
est part of the economy) is 
going to be exposed soonest to 
EEC competition. The tariffs 
for industrial goods are being 
dismantled over seven years. 
In contrast, the tariffc for. 
Spain’s most competitive 
farm output (the citrus fruit of 
Valencia and the early vegeta- 
bles .and exotic fruits and 
flowers that are being grown 
tinder plastic in south-east 
Almeria) are going to be 
brought down over the longest 
period -U) years. 

No one seriously believes 
that the four-year virtual 

'freeze on dairy and livestock 
imports from the rest of the 
"EEC is going to give Spain’s 
"poorest" farm regions in the 
north and centre enough time 

to adfost In Galicia, Asturias, 
parts of the Basque oonntry 
and Castile, the. smallest 
: minijundia system .in Europe, 
with as few as four cows per 
Emn anti holdings of less than 
one hectare, is threatened with 
. extinction. . Invoking safe- 

guard clauses to protea these 
regions will merely delay the 

. .Even in fish, where Spain, 
western Europe's leading fish- 
ing nation, has obtained a 
good arrangement in general, 
Spanish trawlers are to be 
excluded from a 30-mile zone 
pff the West of Ireland for 10 
years. This is the zone where 
the fish that are most con- 
sumed by EEC countries are 
caught. But overall-Spain got a 
better deal on fish than had 
been expected, partly because 
Spain's fishing unions were 
almost as persistent in their 
lobbying for Spain's interests 
as southern French farmers 
were in their lobbying against. 

EEC rights on the free 
movement of labour are going 
to be denied to Spain for seven 
years, however, which is a 
particularly nasty cut when 
unemployment is officially 
running at 22 per cent — a 
higher rate than in any other 
EEC country. Furthermore. 
Spain's economy has to grow 
at least three per cent a year 
just to absorb newcomers on 
the job market Last year, 
according to the Bank of 
Spain, economic growth was 
..only 1.7 percent. 

The boost to farmers’ in- 
comes that is expected as a 
result of ’bigger hand-outs 
from the EECs regional and 
social foods than from the 
Spanish Ministry of Agricul- 

greater mechanization on the 
Spanish form, but it win also 
lead to a reduction in farm 

The escape valve is the 
black economy. This is 
thought to reduce official un- 
employment figures by as 
much as five per cent and to 
represent 10 per cent or more 
ofSpain's GNP. 

Northern member countries 
were wary about the possibili- 
ty of yet another member state 
not fulfilling its Value Added 
Tax commitments after trou- 
ble with VAT in Italy. VAT 
was introduced in Spain at the 
moment of entry, January I. 
This could cause difficulties, 
and Spain has simultaneously 
had to end tax relief for 
exporters. In three years state 
subsidies for ailing industries 
will also have to go. 

The fear is that VAT may 
undermine the government’s 
anti-inflationary policies. The 

Socialists have managed :o 
bring inflation down from 14 
per cent at the time they were 
elected in October. 1982. to 
eight per cent last year, Bui 
this is still three points above 
the EEC average, and if VAT 
makes inflation increase, most 
of the government's plans to 
reduce the budget deficit and 
to stimulate consumer de- 
mand and private Spanish 
investment will come to 

Against this, the sharp de- 
cline in international oil prices 
after the latest Opec meeting 
will have a dampening effect 
on prices. This piece of news is 
like manna from heaven as 
Spain embarks on its first year 
of EEC membership. Seventy 
per cent ofSpain’s oil needs is 
imported. At a stroke the 
surplus in the current account 
of Spain's balance of pay- 
ments is bound to increase. 

Spain had little choice about 
joining the EEC. There was no 

question of the 19^0 Trade 
Agreement with the EEC. 
»h:;h gave Spain the best of 
all possible arrangements, be- 
ing renewed if Spam’s applica- 
tion to become a member of 
the European Communitv had 

Yet. as Sc nor Luis tie 
Velasco. Spam s Secretary of 
Slate for Trade, puts it: ”In 
i9&5 the EEC absorbed 50 per 
ccn: of Spain’s evpons. pro- 
\ idee 50 per cent of imports. 
70 per cent of Spain's tourists 
ar.d 40 per cent of tola! foreign 
private investment." 

EEC membership will pro- 
vide Spain with a framework 
for modernizing the economy 
and lead to improvements in 
productivity and the quality of 
Spanish goods. It is in these 
two areas that the gap between 
other EEC countries (except 
Portugal) and Spain is grcai- 

Jane Monahan 

The present Socialist govern- 
ment. which came to power in 
1982, has done more than its 
predecessors to make the 
economy competitive. 

The Socialists have been the 
first to tackle one of industry s 
most fundamental problems — 
overmanning. In the past, job 
security was traded for indus- 
trial peace and Spain has one 
of the most rigid labour mar- 
kets in the world. But under 
the Socialist government’s 
plans, a total of 72JJ00 jobs 
are to be cut in traditional, and 
often slate-owned, industries 
such as integrated steel and 
shipbuilding, as well as in 
leading employers such as 
textiles and shoes. 

The government has even 
enforced 40.000 redundancies 
at the institute National de 
Induslria (INI). Spains 
sprawling and hitherto un- 
touched state industrial con- 
glomerate. The measures are 
overdue. INI's annual losses 
are running at Si billion. 

.Another plank in the 
government's programme has 
been the relaxing of Spain's 
foreign investment rules and 
the offering of generous incen- 
tives to foreign investors. A 
case in point was AT&T 
( American Telephone and 
Telegraph). This year AT&T 
went ahead with a S210 mil- 
lion investment in a microchip 
plant in Madrid. 

It is the biggest foreign 
private investment in Spain 
since General Motors estab- 
lished car assembly and com- 
ponent plants in Saragossa 
and Cadiz. But when all the 
state grants and soft credits 
are added up. it will be Spain 
that will be footing the bill for 
almost 60 per cent of the new 

The government is also 

promoting new, fogh-teclmol- 
ogv industries, for a*™**}* 
defence, office equipment, 
electronic* and food proca- 
ine. And INI is selling subsid- 
iaries to foreifiD multinationals 
thai can benefit from a 
multinational's international 
technology and distribution 
and marketing networks. This 
was the reason behind the sale 
of a 51 per cent shareholding 
in SEAT to Volkswagen m 
April after the Spanish gov- 
ernment had assumed 51— 
billion of SEAT'S debt. 

Finally the Socialists have 
adopted a new policy on 
nationalizations. During the 
Franco era, state takeovers of 

ailing private companies be- 
came a commonplace way of 
saving the private sector from 
embarrassment and of pre- 
serving jobs. The custom went 
un during the first six years of 
democracy. Almost half the 
loss-making companies con- 
trolled by INI were acquired 
during this time. But the 
Socialists have put an end to 
the practice. 

Tbe exception is R omasa, 
the holding company with 
interests in wine, hotels and 
banks that was nationalized in 
1983 to avert a disaster. But in 
just under two years almost all 
the Rumasa banks have been 

The only company that the 
government seems determined 
to bang on to is the R omasa 
data centre near Madrid, be- 
lieving this will be useful in 
sorting out Spain’s VAT re- 
turns now that Spain is in the 
EEC. The computers may also 
help the government recover 
some of the S2.5 billion that it 
is estimated to have cost the 
Spanish Exchequer to sort ont 
R omasa's affairs. 




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3 3*3 




{ FOCUS )) 

An old identity adds 
new life to the nation 

■jh.j-TJf. 'ysr-'k .• 

Rose Macaulay once praised 
Barcelona for conveying a 
sense "of irrepressible life and 
brio more than any other city 
in the world-* - 

Spain's most prosperous 
and. many would quickly add. 
most European big city has 
long been the place where 
modem ideas have first en- 
tered the whole country. And 
Catalonia, of which it is the 
capital, was one of the regions 
which most eagerly seized 
upon the advent of democracy 
in 1977 to re-assen an old 

Democracy has led to an 
upsurge of moderate Catalan 
nationalism, which is regard- 
ed suspiciously by Madrid but 

has brought new life as well as 
new institutions. 

Barcelona is staking a lot on 
hopes of hosting the 1992 
Olympic Games; the disap- 
pointment will be acute if next 
October the International 
Olympic Committee passes it 
aver for a fourth time. 

In 1*324 Baron Coubertin 
changed his mind and the 
Games went to Paris. The 
abdication of King .Alfonso 
XI 11 in 1931 caused the IOC 
to ha\ e second thoughts about 
Barcelona and the Games 
went, disastrously, to Hitler’s 
Berlin in 1936. Finally. Mu- 
nich was favoured over Barce- 
lona in 1972. Barcelona's chief 
rrials this time are Paris. 
Amsterdam and Birmingham. 

The 500th anniversary of 
Christopher Columbus's dis- 
coverv of America is also in 
1991. ’and it was u> Barcelona 
that he relumed afterwards io 

be received in triumph by 
Spain's Catholic Kings, a fac- 
tor that may help Barcelona’s 

As the capital of the Catalan 
region of north-eastern Spain. 
Barcelona is relying on the 
stimulus of the Games to go 
ahead with an ambitious in- 
vestment programme, esti- 
mated at £750 million, 
including both Olympic sports 
facilities and urban 
redevelopment. The spur of 
hosting a major international 
event appeals to Catalan pride 
and hopes of beneficial effects 
are based on experience of the 
1929 Universal Exhibition 
held here. 

Barcelona is remembering 
that event, faithfully rebuild- 
ing. at a cost of half a million 

Barcelona the chief 
publishing centre 

dollars. Mies van der Rohe's 
German pavilion, widely con- 
sidered the masterpiece 
among his pre-American peri- 
od architecture. 

h will join Barcelona’s 
many fine buildings going 
back to Romanesque 
churches, a Gothic cathedral 
and. more recently, the flower- 
ing of art nouveau domestic 
architecture, known in Catalo- 
nia as maderrusnie. and 
Gaudi’s unfinished Sagrada 
Familia church. The visual 
arts and music have always 
meant a lot to Catalans, and 
Barcelona has Spain's only 
permanent opera. 

Barcelona is also now 
Spain’s chief book-publishing 
centre, in boih Castilian 

(Spanish) and Catalan, the 
region's Romance language. 
Us La Vanguardia is the best 
provincial newspaper, El Pais , 
Spain's most influential daily, 
based in Madrid, also publish- 
es an edition there. 

The Generalitat. the 
region's autonomous govern- 
ment. has made a conscious 
effort to promote Catalan after 
its persecution during the 
Franco era. Eightv-five per 
cent of the region’s primary 
schools now teach in Catalan. 

Catalonians industrial 
growth began in the last 
century with textile mills im- 
ported from Lancashire. It has 
recently undergone a painful 
decade of restructuring, and 
now has some of the country's 
high technology industries 
aiming to take advantage of 
EEC membership. 

During the years of eco- 
nomic boom under Franco 
immigrants from the poorer 
regions of southern Spain 
flocked to Catalonia, finding 
jobs, especially in industry. 
Big. ugly dormitory towns 
grew up around Barcelona. 
But the immigrants, and espe- 
cially their children, made a 
remarkable effort to identify 
with their new homeland, not 
always appreciated by native 

Unlike what has happened 
in the Basque country, the 
Catalan brand of nationalism 
has spared the region the. 
scourge of violence. But a 
certain tension was generated 
during the first administration 
of Senor Jordi Pujol, 
Catalonia’s chief minister, 
when the emphasis on the use 

Catalonia dreaming; Barcelona's inspiring Sagrada Familia church; seaside creation on Bem ortn s Unvote veaca 

i CCarvaiaf&TartmrS Ctb 

International Insurance and Reinsurance Brokers 

St. Clare House, 30/33 Minories, 

London EC3N 1DD 

Telephone 01-481 1313 

Cables Gilcar London EC3 Telex 8956107 

of Catalan was felt by some to 
be overdone. 

His second administration, 
after triumphant re-election in 
April 1984. has shown a more 
confident, and relaxed, 

That election revealed the 
extent of nationalist sentiment 
among the working class. This 
was under-estimated by the 
Catalan Socialist Party, and 
the party remains handi- 
capped by what is regarded 
locally as too subservient an 
attitude to the Socialist gov- 
ernment in Madrid. 

The Catalan nationalists are 
among the prime movers fora 
centre-right coalition to chal- 
lenge Socialist dominance in 
Madrid: and in spite of its 
greater awareness of Europe 
than the rest of Spain, there 
was a majority in Catalonia 
for "No" and abstention in 
last month's Nato referen- 
dum. taken as a protest vote 
"against Madrid”. 

Some accuse Catalonia of 
having turned in on itself 
since the advent of democracy 
in Spain, but this is vigorously 
contested in Barcelona. 

La I'anguardia asked the 
other day: "How can we as 
Catalans be accused of being 
inward-looking when two of 
our most beloved institutions, 
Barcelona Football Club 
(‘Barca’) and the Orfeo Catala 
Choir, are currently directed 
by Englishmen. Terry 
Venables and Chorus Master 
Simon Johnson?" It was obvi- 
ously directed at Madrid. 

ouiuig* a ** * *** * ■ m 

Hidden country awaits tourists* 

Richard Wigg 

Spain has been successful for 
many years now in attracting 
large numbers of tourists, 
above all to Its beaches. Tour- 
ism has come to play an 
Important part in the economy, 
and has also played its part in 
breaking down the barriers 
between the Spanish and other 

But Spain is more than 
beaches, and efforts are being 
made this year to attract 
people to the less visited areas 

Sunshine and reliable good 
weather are of coarse Spain's 
main attractions, and this has 
been confirmed by a surrey 
carried out last year for the 
Spanish Tourist Office. It 
showed that nearly 78 per cent 
of those questioned put the 
climate at the top of the list 

People praised the beaches 
and landscapes and, in addi- 
tion, British and French trav- 
ellers rated Spain's reasonable 
prices favourably. 

What people do not like 
about Spain are, above all, 
noise and bad roads. Criticism 
of the noise level was especial- 
ly severe among visitors to the 
Costa Brava and the Balearic 
Islands. They also complained 
about crime, public transport 
and the general state of 

But, for all those com- 
plaints, the poll indicated that 
most holidaymakers go home 
happy. A total of 77 per cent 
said they were satisfied or re^y 
satisfied with their holidays in 

Armed with a knowledge of 
what foreign visitors like and 
dislike about their country, 
Spanish tourist officials have 
set out to correct the deficien- 
cies as much as possible, and 
to show potential tourists that 
Spain's attractions are by no 
means limited to sunay beach- 
es and cheap drinks. 

It is no easy task to quieten 
down gregarious Spaniards, or 
persuade them to stop singing 
and shouting in the streets at 
an boor when visitors from 
more northerly dimes think it 
is time to go to bed. So, 
fittingly enough, there is no 
secret plan by the tourist 
officeto counter the noise 

Roads are another matter, 
but they are costly to improve, 
especially in as 

recent criticism on this score. 
Thev emphasize that they 
fa avi hi fact, been paying 
dose attention te it in tourist 
areas for several years. To 
protect holidaymakers, the In- 
terior Ministry reinforces po- 
lice forces in seasonally 
crowded coastal areas at peak 
periods. It also gives special 
training in languages and oth- 
er skills to policemen fo 
contact frith tourists, and if 
increases the number of patrol 
cars and other equipment 
available to police units in 
popular areas. 

Spain is a big country by 
European standards, and there 
is a lot to see and do. The 
different languages spoken at- 
test to its variety. Its tong 

history assures a wealth 
exceptional monuments. Its 

especially iu » ’ 7 

mountainous a Large expanses of uns P° 1 *^ 
country as Spain. * “ ” - 

So the tourist au- 
thorities are try- 

uiuuuuuuvho «* jUH*fcV Viau M mm iw »y v* “ t . 

uns P oat landscape ££,«,* 

— 1 outdoor activi- 

ing to set visitors on the right 
rood. A new "tourist road 
map", printed for free distri- 
bution, makes it dear to 
foreign visitors which roads 
are better, which mountain 
passes may be blocked by 
snow at certain times, where 
the main airports and border 
crossing points are, and the 
locations of stafe-nm ions 
(paradoxes), ski resorts, spas, 
yacht basins, golf courses, 
monuments and otfad* items 
The crime rate is 
rise that can be tackled, 
the authorities are sensitive to 

ties. Its passion for fiestas 
means there are days of fun 
and entertainment the year 
around somewhere in the 

Thus tire bask slogan of this 
year's campaign, which ns m tf - 
jy appears betide the cotaxtita! 
sketch of the Spanish sun by 
the (ate Joan Mird, Is “Spain, 
everything under the sun”. 

The marketing plan cafis for 
special promotion efforts to 
bring the big spenders. The 
US, Canada and Japan are 
prime target areas. But the 
marketing me” .realize they 

wifi Gad the going tough ia 
these areas because terrorism 
has made many overseas hoB- 
daymakers reluctant CO travel 

la Britain, the objectnTB to 
make Spain's leadership in the 

market more solid than ev er. 
Spain expects to ploy host to 
more than 65 million holiday- 
makers from Great Britain 
this year, more than making 
up for tire 15 mHfion drop iu 
British holiday visitors last 

An advertising campaign 
now under way features a* 
series of advertisements which “ 
emphasize the diversity of 
Spam sad present an image of 
quality, t» counteract negative 
impressisos caused by such 
things as saturated beaches 
and careless feeding of pack- 
age tourists; The campaign is 
specifically aimed at West 
European owr 25 in (he 
upper-middle to izpper income 

The marketing plan puts a 
positive accent on (he 
country's gastronomy and cul- 
ture, rift emphasis on the 
uncrowded Interior, New pro- 
motions] folders have such 
tides as “A Mcyrie. tear of 
Cohuafaos's route” (before be 
setsut. «f coarse), la Man- 
char- rente df Don Quixote”.# 
“TbtSpiUB ofthejuuseams’', 
rmaoanendJ Spain”, “Na- 
ture la Spain” “WTMfife ns 
sorts ad national hunting 
preserves” and many others. 

Hairy Debelius 


mm ii 


f the Costa del Sol 

The best of the Costa del Sol is already in motion. 

If something was missing at the Costa del Sol, COSTA LAGO will fill that need, 
becoming, beyond any doubt, the authentic Sun of the Costa del Sol. 

A place thought and created to live not only on vacation but also, if you wish, ail year 
through. At last there is something new under the sun. 

A place with unique characteristics: 


• Space, light and comfort. 

• Entrance video control. 

■ Hydro -massage Jacuzzi bath. 

• Air conditioned. 

• Internal intercommunication system. Background music. 

• A Jarm Center and Health Center connections. 

• Solar energy panels for water -heating. 

• TV reception Via Satellite. 


• lakes, gardens and waterfalls. 

• Garage with direct access to house floor. 

■ Swimming pools: normal and climatic. 

• Tennis and Squash courts. 

• Health Center and Physical fitness Gymnasium. 

■ Youth Center for recreational and cultural activities. 

• Shops and Boutiques. 

• Social Club. Restaurants and Coffee -Shops. 

Information and Sales: Information and Safes at the project 

Inmobtliaria FUNDI S International PROTECO, S. A. 

Espafta. 27 
(Malaga, Spain) 
Phone (52) 471566 

Playa del Lido. 

Paseo Maritime 
MALAGA. Spain 
Phone: (52) 388400 

l am interested, with no commitment on 
my part in receiving full information on COSTA 


COSTA LAGO proprietors wiU have priority option to become shareholders of 
TORRELAGO CLUB. Company owning the Swaaf Oub and facilities. 

j Address . ... 

j Town 


Ten good reasons 

to get to know 

and to do 
business with 


■ More than 1000 years of history. 

■ Traces of old cultures can still be 
admired, specially greek and roman. . 

■ A centre of art and culture: Romanesque, 
Gothic and Modernisme. Gaudf architectural 
works. Dalf and Picasso museums. Mir6 
foundation. More than 18 other major . 

■ Catalonia, the leading touristic region of 
Europe. More than 12 milion tourists visit 
the country every year. 

■ Barcelona, the capital-city of Catalonia, a 
cosmopolitan area with 3.5 milion people, 
Barcelona, one of the main cities on the 
Mediterranean Sea, is a candidate to 
organize the Olympic Games of 1 992. 

■ Catalonia, Spain's gateway to 
the EEC. 

■ Catalonia accounts for >25 % of the 
Spanish Domestic. Industrial Product. 

■ More than one quarter of all Spanish 
foreign trade comes from Catalonia. 

■ More than 100 fop multinational 
companies and foreign banks are investing 
in Catalonia. 

■ An excellent up-to-date services’ 

Generalitat tie Gatalunya (Regional Government) 
Department of Commerce, Consumers Affairs and Tourism 
Pg. da Gratia, tos. 08071 Barcelona. Spain. 





ivel out of Madrid on .• rLa Manga Club is undoubtedly one of 

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If you travel out of Madrid on 
the road which leads eventnal- 
ly to the Portuguese frontier, 
you .immediately pass lor® 
lines of barracks and other 
army installations, part of the - 
“Iron Ring” around the capi- 
talwhich Franco organized 
after winning the Civil War: 
The 'armed forces were the 
backbone ofhis regime, play- 
ing largely a policeman's role. 

. With the advent of demoo 
racy Spain's defence establish- 
ment has undergone a major 
shakoup, shedding the role of 
feeing a supposed “internal 
enemy” and gradually assum- 
ing the one normal in any 
western democracy of defend- 

S external Se? 8 * p ?*f a " 
But the growing tensions in 
the Mediterranean region, 
parriculariy to Spain’s south 
.in North Africa, have revealed, 
that the pace of the change has 
hardly been fest enough. 

After the restive years under 
the fust centre-right demo- 
cratic governments, which 
came to a peak in the coup 
attempt in February 1981, the 
Socialist government of Sefior 
Felipe Gonzalez, which took 
office in 1982, has had a 
surprisingly smooth ride. 

- But as the Libyan crisis has 
underlined, much is still left to 
be done to get Spain's armed 
forces into proper shape. 

The political framework for 
this change has been the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization. 
Spain joined in 1982 under a 
centre-right government — 

The aim is to take 
a more active part 

over the opposition of the 
Socialist Party.. When they 
came to power, the Socialists 
carried out a complete about- 
turn, and their victory in last 
month's hard-fought referen- 
dum over whether to stay in 
the alliance has now consoli- 
dated Spanish membership. 

During the referendum . 
campaign, Senor Narcis Sena, 
the Defence Minister, re- 
vealed die extent to which 
Spain's Joint Strategic Plan 
(blown as “PEC"), approved 
only last October, depended 
bn the Nato framework. PEC 
identified Nato’s convention- 
al enemy to the east and, for 
the first time, Spain’s endan- 
gered southern flanks. It pro- 
vided for. units of the three 
services to be moved; away' 
from the big cities to face 
potential external enemies. 

Now that the referendum is 
over, Spain can begin negotir 

A Coldstream Guard helps a 
- Much Spanish weaponry is a 

axing the coordination of its 
defence planning with that of 
die rest of the alliance. Its aim 
is to move from a passive role 
to more active participation. 

But the government got an 
endorsement in the referen- 
dum for not joining the inte- 
grated command structure, 
and any change over that 
looks at best many years away. 

Spam believes it can best 
make its contribution to the 
alliance by defending its own 
teriitory and the adjacent 
waters. A link-up of SAD A, its 
radar and communications 
network, with Naio's integrat- 
ed air defence network is an 
objective because SADA is 
patchy, for instance, in such 
areas as the Canaries on the 
crucial Atlantic sea routes. 
Much of the existing equip- 
ment is old-fashioned. 

• A lot of Strain’s military 
equipment is at least a genera- 
tion behind that of the mam 
Nato countries. A defence 
proc u rement programme run- 
ning from 1983 to 1990 is 
muter way to provide a new 
naval combat group complete 
with a new aircraft-carrier for 
the navy, advanced combat 
aircraft for the airforce and 
new tanks for the army. 

This yearns defence spend- 
ing, set at 630,000 million 
pesetas (£3,000 million) is 
double defence expenditure in 
1980. It noW represents about 
nine per cent of Spain's total 
national budget or three per 
cent of the gross domestic 

The Services have also been 
promised-by-the government, 
subject to parliamentary ap- 

geaeration behind that of its ? 

proval, that defence spending 
until the 1990s will grow 
annually by 2.5 per cent over 
the national budget figure fen* 
the rest of government depart- 

But defence seeds are still 
ahead of {dans and purchases. 
Spain has not yet taken deliv- 
ery from the Americans of any 
of the 72 F/A-lSA Hornet 
aircraft derided upon by the 
Gonzalez government and 
largely chosen to be able to 
attack North African targets, 
nor are any of the planned 
Roland and Aspide low level 
anti-aircraft missiles in place. 

There have none the less 

National service 
will be reduced 

been advances. “The army 
will undoubtedly benefit from 
the referendum result,” Lt- 
Gen Jose Saenz de Tejada, the 
Army chiefs declared, it was a 
significant remark, reflecting 
the evolution of the service’s 
altitude towards Nato. The 
advantages of a future role 
within Nato had previously 
been seen more clearly for 
Spain’s navy and air force 
than for the 230,000-strong 

* The government has also 
embarked on reducing person- 
nel, which now totals 320,000 
officers and men including 
conscripts. National service 
will be reduced. 

In order to provide a youn- 
ger, sleeker fighting army, 
instead of a top-heavy officer 
corps, PEC provides for a 16 
per cent reduction of officers 
over the next six years — 
compared to only eight per 

ips with an anti-tank weapon. 

Into partners 

cent each for the navy and the 

A major reform was intro- 
duced test month for senior 
officer promotions. The old 
arrangement by which the 
generals themselves virtually 
selected those who were to 
join the hr ranks, and the 
cabinet then merely rubber- 
stamped their derisions, has 
been discarded. The final say 
will be left to the defence 

Senor Gonzalez has been 
content to leave the running of 
defence affairs to Senor Serra. 
but the prime minister has 
pondered the blunders com- 
mitted by democrats during 
the Second Republic in their 
handling of the armed forces. 
He therefore folly backs Senor 
Serra's basic approach of mak- 
ing haste slowly over army 
reforms and he constantly 
uses language sympathetic to 
the services' mentality. 

The government summarily 
dismissed the army general 
commanding the high-prestige 
Castile military region, based 
on Valladolid, when he sought 
to reassert the doctrine of 
Spain's armed forces as an 
“autonomous power", an atti- 
tude which could be the kernel 
of some future coup attempt. 

Just recently Senor Serra 
nominated one of his chief 
planners to the post when it 
became vacant again- He 
passed over the artillery gener- 
al whose “turn” it was, in the 
view of the army hierarchy. 
The passed-over general re- 
signed his existing job in 

Imagine a private z^ t, SojT'em 
Spain encircled tv K-i arc em on groves and me 
blue waters of me Mec .temsmesn. And ail yours. 

Spend the c= . cw. p-vate beach 

dub with the best a tcs-jrrg n E u-cp£. Or go 
scuba-diving from yc«rc.*." Msoterranear. cove. 

If Sipp-ng a cc:c d-- -< t* r e poo! mere 
your idea of b' you\e get at : e=s: l pods to 
choose from. 

And that's ori* a t r-.< oar*, of the pleasures 
of La Manga Club, it's the t.\ c golf 
courses wnch lure Seve 5 a. .estercs back 
whenever he car, take time c~ f-cm tcur-ng as La 
Manga Club’s profess o*' a'. 

Anyone for terras' 7 ~e David LIC"id 
Racquet Centre >s erne of me o-ggest anc best 
equipped in Europe 

There's the oni . m c- et o/a! ir> Southern 
Spam. And where else c ■ cu go r.cir.g through 
hills overlooking the Mec :e--&rean. witnout ever 
leaving your own greu^os? 

Come the e-.en rg a-c there's a great 
choice of restaurants, ba^s r : nghtlife. 

That’s La Mar. 2a C for you. A unique 
world of all year rou“-c e>s u'e 

Unique too m me ra r =e of hc'.ica/ homes 
.0- can mate y our own. 

0. /jjta ' F-om a delightful 

j •' clustered 

, around private 

Los Mohno* ' s'.vimming pools. 

A true *ndaiucu- ° ~ , 

.iiid^i- an w ’ Y ou can even have 

slopes o< shervoa, h* a villa in rts own grounds. 

1 . 2 ana 3 bedroom Trom £ i uo.OOO to one 

houses. From tw !oc indivdualiy designed and 
built for up to £ 250 , 000 . 
And because of La Manga Club’s success as a 

Gat Mem 1 * A? « 

^ ^ holiday resort our 

\ '-JU. service can 

u*SWf : J fe W LA provide a more 

than useful 

more, as La 

~ - T ~ ~~~7^ Manga Club is 
Cr ~ - owned and run 

^ ^ by a British 

LosAiw» company, European 

' Fernes Gr ° u ? P1Cl V OU 

■-.rr (■ vs 1 . !?o*er. C3 n be sure your m vestment 

rrom is thoroughly safe and v^ell 

Send fer the 

brochure. A wonderful discovery awaits you. 

Or if you are m London, call in and see our 
video presentation and ^illa model display at our 
showroom office - just , 

opposite Harrods. ^ ~ “■ 

Los Altos 

Ogle'S on ta *isr, 2 
- >-;««■• -..lUs se - . 
j— .;r f i’S. ffo*er. 

hi’ idtu P‘00-: tr^/TT\ 

it 4 l-J- 1 

Individ ml Villas 

S.OOT- ceiai'^r -5 in? S 
fc,.-cr;orr. .-‘4S V:’. -n Svr r 
C--.r. jarcehj 

jr. s-z e?f-r zf 

;;n r-on- 

Los Mohnos 

A ir^e *ndaiuCU'- sr-le 
• illigr.- nestling an the 
slopes efi the r^roa-. H..r» 

1 . 2 arvO i bedroom 
houses. Frorr. £49 fOC 

ritZU: St" 3 1 — .r, »r t Ui ’ _ J> 

0:0 rv; .:v r-i-x-. 
rn-r.C V -sot zzzr inU i~'- 
a l OiC^tCS a. 4 <5S-J 

I La Manga Club Unwed 


I t! ero-tnar* F>wd 

_ S*3 !WI 

I T-Jtprcre G! -2Ui> Ui i 

is. Mr 






" -to- 




ft his 
. S> 




.at on 


a ■ 

Cp? 71 — 


" A:a- 

■ me. 


7 ” *: 


3 i 

rj « 

PI; - 

ng a 


.in ley 









y girl 





Coothtne d (row page II 


£9*000 - £9.500 + Bonus 

me newly aw»™i lowion &n*»ur of 

«me socoi oicanMlwn lor **9* 10 tVD * i5 **** 018 n f*° ^ 3 Sewetirv 
iwimju: S rara. nut) witti Wwapmcessinq exoenwce 

me 'deal arcane wfl be haw » cope «■» m * * »? ”?!* g 
pho-kW' o»*>ce naww ewMnc and “ nesoOf^ ro nM^a 
erfrvMWB UHpiM® are netcum im mu S23 1 

^aveiaw^ec w>ouae23+. and swumeio Stan writ A seat nonce. 

Wise nng 

(01) 839 5351 
(Ho Aqemas please) 


Responsible position which will entail the 
successful applicant in working on ownim- 
tiaiive and removing as much work from 
MD as possible. Wembley area. Top salary 
according to age and experience, references 

Telephone 01-733 5588 Mr. Marks 
for immediate interview. 



We ve lor an ffttawnc. ffiieUq gnt second HS 20 ) W 
imk ar« oc 1 suwctnoons (Wunmenl We need someone »^o <s 
5 mS v»«y oi cut*, so 

<£* nrjn* ■* essenhal We neon someone krtfl a gooc secrenwiaB 
orijarwaT’oeai tMCJ>giourd iS H noi ess ) a mnftfleru telephone manner 
anTa Wcncn;ss lo nefo out wnen (funds gel wcw. Irvnmg on 
comtsuwr & more ouxess* Good pespeos. 

To find out more call 
Jane Pure hall on OX-247 9755 


Capable, adaptable secretary required (or Wire 
Merctianls in small but busy ofnee in the 1 CjW. 
Necessary to be reliable and numerate, capable of 
doing daily banking analysis and typing. short- 
hand not essential though an asset, answer 
telephone plus liaise with clients and JMPPUo*- 
An interesung post for someone who likes being 
busy and reiourc*ful. Salary by arrangement. 

Please reply with CV to:- 
BOX F63, C/- The rime*, P O Bo* 4S4, 
Virginia Street, Loudon El SOD. 

If you are a 
college leaver 
you are 
qualifying for 
a career 
We have several op- 
portunities for College 
Leaver secretaries 

which can offer superb 
openings into excel- 
lent secretarial 

careers. Some involve 
shorthand, some au- 
dio and copy tVP^S. 
and most offer the op- 
portunity to learn 
word processing as an 
aid to the secretarial 
role. Salaries are cur- 
rently c£ 7,000 . 

For further information 
please contact:- 


ok Tecwfilofy 
mk Rewards 

■a 1 .— L w — m — 

mgn prospects 

A highly suceassfol ana ward 
wrftmg company in #*• 
forefront ml <ndao <Ssc 
development offers a spiemM 
opportunity to someone with 
exertant typing and WP skfe 

(no shorthand). Them is 
MondertU, hecoc atmosphere 
in tantasac modem offices in 
the Leicester Square area. A 

Reporting to our 
AditirrestraDon Manager, you 
wiU work directly lor our 
Cftwman. predommamly on 
dmnt devdopmem. our MO on 
corporate Qevdopment and ! 
marketing and back up the 

.{Tic job cads lor a high degree 
of etftaency, etlecmeness. 
[iorganisation and 

comnmntcabon. and there is 

n ot career devetopmert 
ngftt person. 

lAne: 25-30 

& lOOj 

JK 100/60 

629 9888 




To directors of prestigious busies J] St Jarre's. 
Should be experienced and efficient, capable ot 
Handling Ite entire administrative side. 

The position requires a person of sm »i ap pearara. 
tidy, self-motivated with an eye for detail. Francn an 

Salary £7,000+- 
Please telephone 93® 9332. 


20+. Good telephone mwn fr Md excetem 
appearance a must, for small Mayfair office. 
9.00-5.30. £6-500 pa. (reviewed after 3 
months!- __ 

Telephone 01-493 1332 ext 26. 

M.'SEC ilS-SO°ol £10.000 TIK WPOinM MD ot m W l 
Cm Co KtoM «o Uv SI SOI* 
a well rtucjim PA w 
X* This pan non regiMm a 
wll imiiuM person with 

d nunnanansl 'fwm wm tU U Wi. 
skills And at IcaMl * iWg* 
a similar les Hi Only l6-20»o*ec 
[triiusu. IM wnpapltma MW 

on organnalKm 6 UK* ofUatson 

wiin senior level people her* 
and around Europe, puny s h 
arreplaOle. Cad loirtM 

iSSZSS, 01-10 B 0148 

KinpUand Pen Com 

tary um iJUKltmdl Large 
insurance combanav ^ per- 
son briween 1® 23 
arcurair audio copy and ty lev- 
el standard ot education to 
work no a MM- personnel de- 
partment Support will be 
prat toed tor the succmtul ap- 
plicant to study tomans 
membership of Uie IPM Saury 
c £8.000 pa. Excellent benefits. 
For more information let: Gra- 
ham Strain 01-40* 4933 Fleet 
pm Com 

H MMflBwmt rwcx 

speabuM PA Secretary un mid 
iwenors at feast i to ortrtdr sec- 
retarial and transUlmo sup rat 
to two marketing rcecitdves 
This » an international firm 
with buttnet' — * 

Ait Opportuny 
Far a Cattege 
leaver te step 
Arte the Bettea 
mg ot tte 
PR laddw. 

A young. exparaSng PR 
company *n SWt ffowfc *" 
ambitious collage leaver. Good 
typmg and a w*?fln«» » 
help out ts the nght 

la Z of ttw busxwsa. it a a 
9»«l WOrturatytojo™ 
Si your ca met *rtth this bright, 
lively company- If yooh»w ■ 
desire to become involved M 
Pfl, ring us now. Generous 


Do you have a 
background, a high 
degree of self 
motivate and wish to 
expand your 

marketing ska Is? We 
are looking for a 
consultant 24-40 to 
tain our friendly, 
professional team 
placing secretaries in 
permanent jobs. 
Initially on a 
temporary basis, with 
a view to permanency. 
£12,000 salary 
package. Calf Lyn 
Cecil on 439 7001. 

Coy 373 8*00 
West 6x14397001 

Secretaries Plus 

r Boat fWt a 

Branch hi the 

1 “g^r- 

la the Garden 

At our new offiCS » Co»ent 
Garden. «ra have soma of tne 
test most rewarding 
temporary assignments for 
skfled secretaries. Call us now 
tor instant bootangs m the 
Arts. Putttahmg antfPB. U y » 
thmk temporary work Should 
be os mterestng as a 
.permanent job, ca« us now. 


w/a rm . 

A Ltenw g Dato oi w th« 
smdl firm ot aurmraj and 
resdaraaldwiqrersrtWil is 
look^q tar ■ FA wW i noty 
Stonrqnd to ngamse tm. 
tietp iui s npifly flWBndrtB 
ones and get mrelved m 
pmem. sore Off id day 
newts. mvMna. *- 
For tattw retao. phase 
Gootao Hamel MrtJteWcn on 
51-511 2977/057. 

LoHdtm, Paris 
New York 



W«n Known 
company requi res • .bW 
goDnesrxeafDd reewpoofus*. 

JSTtymw- M«i bjaijt » 

use Herald switchboard. 

of Bond St 

Recruitment Consultants 
He SI lad tau tarn*) 




The tw»d of OM boolr 
department <* ' -e *i 

-ubtslHd loro Dy Ann « 

puBttshm in centnd London 
needs an educated, web 
organised «fretant tohetP 
wm nm the 
Common sense. ‘ nU ‘ a ^J 
and sense «* 

good aU round secmanai 
skills are hnpOTtaot. Own 
office. Age prefer** m« 

20 •s- 

of Bond St 

Aeouimsoi Consultants 

da SitaddrenFraradJl 


Dynamic cffkiciit 
PA/secretary required 
for Managing 

Director of expanding 
design business. 
Duties include plenty 
of PR and client 
liaison in SW 1 1/SW3. 
Salary £9.000+. 
Telephone 228 1212. 



This fast growing 
development co in Wl 
need an experienced PA 
Sec to tbeir Chief 
Executive, age 25+. A 
good sense of humour 
along with some SH is 
required. You will use 
vour administrative 
skills to the full, 
knowledge of the IBM 
D/W would be an 
advantage, though X- 
irainmg wll be given. 
Ring Lynn on 493 3336 



We are an expanding 
firm of City Solicitors 
and we need a 
Secretary for one of 
our Litigation Partners 
who specialises In 
Libel Law. A 
knowledge of Wang 
WP or willingness to 
leant is essential. 
Hours 9 - 6pm. Salary 
£10.000 p.a.. 4 weeks 
holidays. LVs. 

Please apply in writing 
with CV to:- 

David Biddle, 
Biddle & C*»m 
t Creihim Street, 
Leaden EC2V 7BU. 



Physician & 
Surgeon require 

administrator for 
Harley Street 

Salary from 
£8,500 nag 

Please send CV to: 

Suite 203, 

5 Devonshire Place, 
London WIN 1PA 

Essex: neencn-oertuM 

PA Secretary <2® plu»i wim 
oo(M Enwoh iMXthand a nd**- 
S*ri*nc* M BUalU W*U «« 
France Manawnv Dureior. J p- 
icmuw pen 

edurawU person vriliu n lwp ec- 
cam* Engusb. no«u rmv*. 
and reel oreanwiw 
Good iwgouao** salary, sports 
ami social lattUms rtc. MuWg; 
ouai Services iRecruumeni 
Consul Ian ts) 01-836 37V*.- S 

assist A irr mmustmtm 
rMtuiitd lor leaduw W« End 
Languaae School. EaacnMl 
skins pood typu**- wp. telex * 
rscrtlml irtephone manner. A 
lively hard-working person 
■20 SSI needed Uratwetalrty foe 
Ihts hectic PoalUonwiBi gener- 
ota holidays- X9.Q OQ d-a- 
Please ring Lucille Wymer on 
Ol 680 2863. No agendas 

mtxstumrnarr cowsm-TANT 
Established, friendly us-markei 
secretarial Agency »ee«s wtec- 
viewer urtih enllureaMh and 
•nniaiisr who can develop own 
client portfolio Dhmonhls lor 
nqhi person. Cenerous salary 
package including good cons- 
imwon. Can Oireri Prve on 

240 9384. after Tpm 741 2064 


Agents need Sec lor wide rang- 
ing iob which involves pe rsonal I 
contact wim famous wnms. J 
contract admtn and general Sec 
dutiev Idea By 23+ • X»J3°g • 
£8300+ Cov ml Cardea to* 
reou. HO Ftert SL. EC4. 363 

fiaooo + overtime II you eo- 

lay a tram atmosphere 

and would Hka to work irw- 
Herb, very **«1 eoiapped 
Mayfair offices. «hB» toryoo. 
You'U asuai two 
senior otecooves. EIO^JOO » 
your bmc salary Ml you 
should oe prep ared m 
dons lo work overumewmchb 
very ^_ rt>U5 g., l .f tc !^ pd ff 

wpm Muv utnitu- 

word proceadng traUilng given 
Ao+ 22+ Mease tetephane Ol 
240 3331 3611 IWCM Ehdl or 
240 3361 iCUyi. Qrabdh Himl 
RecTUitmcnl Consultants. 
cowenct t MW. ThU weu 
known Mayfair cosmettc house 
needs a hnaM- Hseiy college 
leaver lo a raw hi their .way 
marketing oeoarrmetx Thwe 
are ion ol travel at i angemaMS 

in make aid bmson wim oeoan- 

menu on oroducl umdjn 
marketing Ideas andoackagmg 
design U s a lUn. hectic aunn 
sphere needing someone whom 
weu groomed and spoMd with 
accurate 50 worn typing and 
rusty shorthand. Age J9+_ 

Please lefeptione CatoMn e long 
A opts on Ol 499 8070. 

TV cCSJWO. Hds tv an exreUffd 
opoorl unity for a college leaver 
arsecond loBber with 6 montte 
excellence lo become involved 
ui me rv world The comp any 
arranges finances for fund. "TV 
programmes and advert* Ac 
DscvKTTtary to two busy «W- 
ubveo youR tackle everything 
tram thetr tficruiand- audio 
typing lo greeting viators and 
answering Mcahwe Queries 
tram tv ran people. Age IS* . 
SUBS 80-45. Please lriept«rae 
Caroline kre Appft on Ol 499 

worn m w—irrina ct-soo. 
Commute into wt lor a few 
months and n * n 
beauty company « moving to 
snarl new WltaMedon offices 
u, me summer. Youl be a 
PA secretary to fhrtr «»"**“** 

personnel director who l» eager 

id find a bright, ireww* 
sKtard. aeoeftts Inctode nee 
product aBowance. 90-56 Ay 
needed. P ie me telephone Ol 
240 3631-3611 ewes* End* or 
Ol 2+0 3561 fOtyl Einahef’ 
Hunt Rteiultmenf ConsuHanw. 
s • It. K you are nappy to woMjat 
a steady pace arai are p °« p x v 
cenifd with anrtaara o rfrej ns 

of being a SMperomB- aecrewy 

you’ll enfcy worfdnq for a v ery 
nice person who 6 manager of a 
matke tmg departmwa. Tna 
mufU-naiionai company sow 
Based and wouiO U ke someone 
aoed 22+ with pood secretarial 
Srtgraorafand WP Call Mar - 
garrl 01-831 7366 KUWiand 
Pers Core 

WINE. Atreoge jrta jadWj I » 
pari of your varied and involv- 
ing iob working for Ore Sales 

Manager and M * young may 90- 

ing leom b* a inedlglous 
and sou Its eomianv In SWt 
Plenty of scope lo PtW» « 
native. areanwuojul ood 
secretarial talents i90+'6°and 
WPi Age eany airs. ■O^ 
sound sec. e»n. w C8SOO _♦ 



c £6,000. | 

WWcatfefg tfCiivltecraa nwE 

- amadoocy spebAatg ■ 

Santora unenSy reawre » jrfwf - 
; seoway/BSHswraw * *» sa 
2 ffnafl, tea* tean 

CamNUKS mst posses 
scums typng sid «a «ea lh 
have some a w nena ol non 
proeeswvj aftaugb ne 
pnmte bae w g t na ce s Mfy - A 
gooa Wejftone mbs s 
esseocai, as mars be t taBh 
lewd at dent contact Monum 
as 0 ncteeg Matts 
aid EngteL to 17 + 

For termer teris please riv- 

01 236 1113 (24 Hml 

SECRETARY -£8,000 

Eicrileni opporaniiy to 
begm your career as a sec 
mthin" a lane 1m. Co. 
Traimog op WP. trio asd 
fax. exaensive iricpbooc 
I haisian. Ofyaisamt diary 
| meetings and m«cL 

Please eaD Hamm ore 
Rec Cons. 54 Regetu Sl Wl. 

IDO 5 HL WMkknowo Ptddab- 
tng company seek bnAd md- 

B ng Secretaries B» aMst 
lor 1-iM+ e With Atphon. 
Lots ol 4dmm 493 8676 or af- 
ter 7pm 699 4377. Duke SI. Rec 

MWNCaMMT BANK £8600 + esc 
perks Wed educated Secretary 
with sparkle and frienldy man- 
ner for 2 young Managam. 
Chant Contact, anranems meet- 
litre Rusty SH- leal tyrano and 
WP no 21+ 

240 9384. after 7pm 741 2064. 

£7.000 strike the right chert 
as PA Sec lo PubUshW. Hep 
with sate*, marketing, batre 
with Orchestras and Operas. 
Covert Careen Bureau. 110 
nertSL. EC4 335 T696. 

AOMOi PA 36+ no ’horihwd^ 
some audio and pref kn W» 
■will erree tram) working sridt 
too executive* of large i city 
based advertotng woup AO as- 
pects « Co procedures and 
personnel w HI Or a (bared re- 
wonstbfMy involving top level 
derisions. Cxirooo pa Joyce 
Cumem 01-689 8807/0010 
I Rec Cons* 

COtlMETfCSCAOVO Worttnpte 
the marVetaig depamnew of 
this world known company. I 
You will be a soptdsMcaied and 
well presented secretary who Is | 

Ido kmg tor a demanding and 
Varied role EnceBenl SkMs I 
lOO 60 Age 22 - 28 
Please rmo 491 677 3 
Medlad Rect Utilise tu 

Consul tank* 

SOME MICW PIB £7.500 oeg. 
Jom this is ek HQ Kendngfon 
store, retailers to the rtco anu 
famous. You’d eniov a real PA 
role, no day win ever be the 
same. You should be my so- 
cially ronhdeni With SO worn 
typing ability. Please W h p h one 
01 240 3331. 3511 l West End] 
or Ol 240 3661 tCitvi. Elizabeth 
Hum Recrxdtmeot ConPdlants. 
famous creis w ner nrapw 
seeks a secretary >6 b*«P 
oraanise promotional c »cnP- 8 
you entov variety and cl ient 

contact this h lor you- Ekceuerd 

benefit package- Pteaar We 
phone 01 240 3631/3611 
iwest End) or Ol 240 3661 
lOtyi. Ettapctn Hunt Reeniif- 
meol Co ns uua n s- 
2*4 JOMOV or exceptional Cct- 
lege Leaver hav opportuidiy to 
pwudpaie ai Director decision 
making level for famous chain 
ol Wl HoML Some WP iwtll 
eras, mniL reasonaMy nomtr- 
Me. Friendly tnformaf 
atmosphere Ui super Wxury. 
£0500 pa + super fringr beo^ 
fits. Joyce Culnert 01-389 
8807.-0010 (Dec Cons*. 

French or German, org lunehes 
and le ceprt. liaise wfiji clients 
and MJ>4 os part of your uuw- 

esting sac. role wim the 
European Deed, of a srnad 
young parliamentary consof- 
ancy. 80 60. -A-s. Sal lo 
£9000 with good benefit!. Aar 
early 2CTa. Please call 437 6033 
Horeione* Rec Qm 
HWOIV PR - M^OSmjdl 
successful comp any M o M 
aauze in or^idstng »u«-^ 
events for Clieriis in me Moptr- 
ty field offer full mvolvetoeiit lo 
a bright aa dconlMnd setT rtory 
wffli sortie experience. A trio. 
outnerase. fiO typing and wp 
ekperienre. — — . - — 
Please ring 491 8r 773. M ed*ad 
BrO W e d Consultant* 
K lPf lGW H T * 8 .88 6 Choer- 
luL writ presented reeertkdds* 
needed lo work lerpnefL prep- 
aglow irtenvaUanal comuony 
wim sweep offices toi WLfti- 
ues include ho»?«f>c 
gwllchboert. l ecehrtnp »*dtotx 
and relief tygfng. Age ?p-3Q 
mease caU 434 4512, Crone 
corioll Reendiinesd 



Rpoetaiv needed for small, busy and friendly 
architects in Wl Fast typing and audio esseo- 
Sf ShikI useful. Good, telephone rrran^r 

smd brigbt personality. Arch liectural 

an advantage. Salary according to age and 

Apply in writing tos- 

•Um S trifle. 

MM. P*rtoer«bim 

2 Whnpote Street, 

London WIM 7AA- 



Uvety. friendly archtects 

bright, experelnced, well spoten Jypgw 

telephonist/raceptionist Accurately ping 

essential. Based El. overlooking Thames. 

Salary £6,000 

TEL: 40CEUNE WILLIAMS ON 01-481 2608 


■ g* ~ 

repton school 

The Guvaure SSre 

tiod5 for The a- anposctrncnl ef 



AppB«B« +«« » d ******* «* *- 
ObUHWd fr«K 

The Cta* *» t ho Soy mor* 

Ropton School 


l i 



0E6 6Hf 

Completed appUcanon forms should reach turn 
by 16th May ai the la»»- 

cnancc *o grt mvrefcd wtm 
ilU( 1 u{M as writ M S*c didlcv 
UTO Brokers °««tng 

F 10.00° H 26+ and lots of 

scope. Covert CMdq. MBIO. 
1IO M SU EC4. 3KS 7696- 

WON PARK- Hit Wo Mgh sprt 
aa PA, See to Executiv e Floor 
Manning latrert!. mlcwmg 
palm pi k nre and ktratcrer look- 
wg ahead, s, H swm. C 9 6O0. 

Cm ecu Garten Bureau llO 
FktlSL. EC4. 363 7696. 

« piu i or . fWL £33-600 + parks. 

smart, young. Secretary w 


7 ran 741 2064. 

fftaramr cbjboo au<uo sewe- 
iwt to assn young lively 
Enoinre LOW O* e ttert M - 
yon- Team swrli 

Ouigoag prrjoaaBtv and la R 

WtmT493 8676 or after _7pm | 
599 4377. DOM St Rec Ooos- . 

adaptable p n e o ff pen- 

ury imrmtfed in neanh 

jwrt anreior Joumaha • Author 
wSrkKiB from Kewwwn 
home- Ref* esa. Tel: 01-373 

c^f CMWO + PACKAGE Market 
■na manager, famous SW1 
Dimka Org needs PA. Sec. 21+ 
wtm good shorthand, tyowv 
and onSpc M Ultimate package 
iwlli crow Brthi and some ber- 
ating edhortal doors 5 werk* 
hour Joyce Odyg 01-689 
8807. 0010 <RfC Gotol 
c. AX 6,000 2 nd jobber, sec. 2 trv 

well rtucatriL ctmWdert. veree 

at humour win eotoy me 
riritched-on amioWharertfaK 
moving yuung City Brokers, 
good shor th and , typin g, but 
participation and piosbecB are 
nceerttohoL *W» Oumem Ol- 
589 8807.-0010 OVc Cons*. 
r Urtfo* oemNOS seek PA 
Set 2* Tab for Their dynamic 
MD SKH b 80/5 6 . HJ gWy e 81 
cfcmL charramg a nd nmole. 
wiu deal with trtai ctosb section 
Mducbna unparianl Chert ren- 
lacL cxtoooo + fteg 
nebrinx. Joyce Cuioeso 01489 
8807,0010 iRec Gonsi. 
well snoken and won rdoraiea 
young Secretary a needed to 
work 10 Marketing and Pramo- 
ttonv Speeds 00 -60 Age 21 - 
STsalary c. £ 10000 . CobbcM 

tt DrilS Recrmtmeni LM. 3S 

Brunei Piece. Wl. 01-493 



Sf^SSrioS^rd 24+ wtm 

speed* of 90/90 *romekno*t- 

edae of WP £9.000 wtm 

S^ert benefits Ring Enca on 

01-734 7823 

Join the Marketing M a n ag er or 
uus leading Fashion Group «» 
oraantw m erdn g r- set up ah- 

AUXMO Etc «OSOO ++ k«V«r 
BMarcn Cmuuiawh prates 

Sreu f brt very. 

soda! am m mhrr y Ay 
Handle Rrc+idnneBf oi- 4 ® 

Mr* PuUisntna. Aiedkk. 

Affairs Ob 

Ihroogh Qnert _Gartea TO 
reau. HO Fieri SL- EC4. 3SS 

sloane »Twmr SUWf» 

nogn a smart compel** 
SJswrruiy telew ihNr 

yoaat wiffloe prachce riree to 
Square Saury aae. cul 
Chartrt Boetoo on 730 2162. 


Park Estate AeenL Good tyemg 
and general otftoe 
surt uranediaseiy. £7JJ00pa M 
Kart. 229 7924. 

nrewdeni MW oaDonal commr 
m awWr wp levs* wyrience 
+ liuu ecrable secretarial * Ad- 
maaxtraUve sldBd. MayfeW 1 
^S/A9e 29 - 39. Handle Be- 
S5Srt*LOlA93 118* 

JUNIOR EEC «r Mrecnart^- 

suu 18 + wtm accwau 
Audio Copy 

oc b enefit*. »>•» * ** 
Covert Garten* AppotaBnen**- 
CV* wrieome. — 

CAI 2.000 This xmtm.tsoran 
Ssmon a awbr mawWfM Wg - 
ate with Warn* and co^uef 
rt. Te» Ol 248 9666. Centre 
Girt Entp AW 

V/tiich School 
(or your child? 

Oar expert cmnseffisg tens 

prepsatay to nnaoiBB 
yjvnnik . too finaace to 

We cotmsel paen te on * 
pcsoari bssn -.wraWee 9 
bee and dqectRfc 

CHILD caheano 

*p, w raai* 

tre - 9 *-eS' 

artacmc wwj 


Cc»f*scc"d«e Cdvn«s 
B.r ^eriiearca ^ r« 


L3+dcnW‘> JTGCf-*MC T SS 



m. danund W via nM meri o> ROBBri fTObOO** » »• 6*afc <*&*** 


With drive antJ eidhstasn* 
to work Ip busy IWendly 
estate agents office over- 
looking Wandsworth 
Gomroon. Age 22+. Salary 
by negotiation. Please ap- 
ply in writing witit full CV 

Gregory Besiernun. 

Sullivan Thomas. 

19 Bfflevue Bead. 

London SWt 7 


Circa £8,000 

Young partnership requires 
i ait micro led and experi- 
enced Audio Secretary wnh 
good WP knowledge for 
Sendly otike. Foil secretari- 
al dunes involved. 

Conan Janice Page on: 

01+580 0932 

(No agencies) 




Requires a sell motivated 
nultnr secretary. Appti»«“s 
should ha»e e*cdkm *ecw 
i larval skills lodudmj 
Short/ Hand. Wort Prtcess- 
nre. Good Tekyhone 
Manner and a confidential 
personal approach to people. 
£9.000 + Benefits. 
01-629 2S# 



Ad Agency Creative 
Director seeks experienced 
Help-Male. Opportunities 
unliimiud. Salary not 
quiet ao Hard work and 
happy Wl ooviromenf 
guarani red. __ 

01- 499 0477 


Many openings for confideffl 
194- people to men sal gien 
vtsdofs and oTBanise a smooth 
rumng Recamon Atea. Mon 
tons need reasonable lyptog, 
and some office expenenca. 
£6.500 to £7.500+ . 

nt Garden 


book puaucnnr mo mwmnm 
to £7.760. Become mvoKrt to 
• vanMl luncbon witldii uu» 
motor puMtortag hous e oo you 
amiu in promoting « uurrexL 
mg rang e «***»- “ 

•mngmg tours lor authors, m- 
lervtews and i imche*. you wd 
carry out a TtMonBW* rrae. 
Typing at BSw pm an d audio 
ability rag’d. Ssroew- Jh* ' rt- 
cnUlmenl cmaultapo'. Ol«o7 

MO HC«W»toM«;W»fc 
an unusual opriilng wit hin the 

west End HO of a «IWU Prt*«v 

lv company- Ymn role as PA to 
principal is nol onerou*. He 
iravriv extensively amdmuoi of 
your nnve «dn be nail amor 
sunoty TBindlog the outer . Qw* 
giving scope lor wrvale study 
etc Good audio ommgemenbri. 
AO 21+ Please USeghone Ol- 
495 57 B7 Gorton Vales 


SUPOt-hUNBa 49.000 - great 
opportunity to uanse your 
aumin Mon* and oroanrtM 
flair. ■» Sec Asetstam »» 
small executive learn. Thrir 
task e to run 16 rrt aurapt* 
mroughota Central London 
Your role h to keep them arte 
step ahead* of faM-mavIng 
evenly. 70^ admin content E*- 
ceHent bewrius Age ■ *»+. 
Please call 01-409 1232 The 
Work SHOP. 

TEMP TO raw. Escrilent op- 
portunity for College Leaver. 
The Press Production Depart- 
toeni m tins expanding 
Advertising Agency is kwwng 
lor a dmgeni hmJm 
Srcretarv A*»«ant 16 O typing 
and preferably Wang «02i- 
encei H you can help u» help 
I hero with Utetr Neasaot But 
constant rhao*. pl**m conloet 
Octavta or A m anda at B J 
Crawfords on 936 9692 

ADNOH - £9^M + J*-*- 
known bank la CC 2 needs a 
sen srtrter to help a Dm Direc- 
lor and tnx leant co-ortJtnale an 
office move. You wul need 80 
SH and WP e w rience for Ihe 
minimal vec work involved os 
well as a confident approach to 
your work ana a good team 
cprrtt t 2 ynsec exp. Age 2 ^ 
as P l e ase cad. Hobsaones +37 

- ptesttgmta BerkeW Sg oare 
seeks you no secretary /co bey 
leaver to a sawt y ah mrgbg-- 
strtp WWW* * FH cntny 
iraw n W. lulu 1 wmg ana 
resbomiMe pwm on. ,Y w 
should have accurate MiortnoM 
and good typing. Age 16+- 
Please Mlepfiowe Q1 A93 S TB7 
Gordon Yates Consultancy. 

BEAUTY PHB8 8 CW - £ 9900. 
Gri i nvolved m now pFomoootti 
ana marketing piedect* a* hoe 
lary lo the marPeong manager 
el a nihil busy Co in SW1.WP 
and SH/ Typing ttuus needed 
and sales, marketing emp. Age: 
24+. Can 439 7001. 6e u -c u rie» 

Resident & Day Students 

Tbe Registrar lTI> 

2 AritwmhtRo^- ' 
Telephone: 01435 9831 






Apntkations arc w tovtl 
«q tor ims xtMlanMD from 
mnnan Catfiottc RHweiam- 
' Write (tor details to 

wrm'ww t 


P; T • 4 + *• -u-*— A r r m l ’~ 

iaSa§ ! 

m m 









A wide ran©: of positions in Education appears every Monday. 




' V- ^ 



vU v« 

*i- H 



'. .-52 




1 ttfc I IMhS MCJNDAY APRIL 21 lVttb 

A guide zo career 

M6re than a matter of degree 

iSSSSF*- 1 ™* *e university and 
polytechnic campuses in an attempt to 

wuit onr most able graduates they sue 
cMpoitan Ibr the best brains 
wj academics who seek those with the 
htghest academic qualifications to assist 
them "with their research, 

. Unlike industry and commerce whir* ■ 
has to resort to advertisements* bro- 
chures* presentations and other t^c h- 
niques to annua these recruits, 
academics have the advantage of three 
years’ dose involvement with their 
students to interest them in their 
endeavours. Undergraduates, taught in 
an environment where academic 're- 
search is valued above all else, can be 
flattere d by an approach fiom their 
professor with the opportunity to contin- 
ue their s tudies for a Ph.D. 

Is the acceptance of such an offer the 
best way to make progress in one’s 
career? What factors should be 

■ ..In the 1960s when the great expansion 
of higher education was under way* a 
Ph.D was often a means of entry mto 
acad em ic life. Today lectureships in 
universities or polytechnics are difficult 
to. obtain. The recent introduction of 
“new blood” lectureships, designed to 
adjust the over-40 age .profile of those in 
academic life has provided some oppor- ' 
tunities, but the newly qualified PfaJD is 
more likely to find opportunities for an 
academic career abroad than at home. 

As a qualification for a re se arch career 

- a Fh.D is still , a considerable asset 
Occasionally the research leads to spe- 
cialist knowledge which is of industrial 
importance. Ink is most likely to occur 
if the work is undertaken in dose 
collaboration with industry or com- 
merce. Critica l analysis, persistent en- 
quiry* creativity and ' originality are 
among the attributes which can be- 

The time-scale is one major 
problem faced by the student 

gained fiom these studies. The ability to 
understand and apply theoretical knowl- 
edge and to provide solutions to prob- 
lems with die minimum of supervision 
‘are others which are attractive to would 
be employers of Ph.D’s. 

A PhJD is an especially important 
qualification for anyode. wishing to 
pursue a research career in pharmaceuti- 
cal or medical research and in the other 
areas of biological science including 
biotechnology. A postgraduate qualifica- 
tion is often necessary if entry into the 
professions of geologist and geophysicist 
with an oil company Is a goal 

Other employers welcome PhD's as 
recruits for the qualities mentioned 
earlier with the proviso that the person 
does not have such a narrow perception, 
that they can only see the skills they have 
gained being applied to the subject 
studied. V ' . . ^ . . 

- There are, however* many difficulties - 
students encounter on theroadtoa PhD 

is frequently an uphill 
struggle. Neil Harris 
examines the difficulties 
facing the postgraduate 
student about to embark 
on research work 

which are not always plainly visible to 
the applicants. Intending students are 
wise if they weigh these carefully before 
they begin. 

The most important problem is time. 
University regulations normally state 
that the minimum time a student must 
■ study to obtain a PhD is twti years. Most 
of the finance for research studies of this 
kind comes from the Research Councils 
and is provided ibr three years of study. 
Yet only about SO per cent of these 
students complete their courses and gain 
the qualification in under four years. 

Finance can be a major difficulty and 
many students complete their theses 
while drawing state benefits. Others 
obtain employment and attempt to 
finish the work in their spare time. If the 
employment necessitates further study 
forprofessional q ualificatio ns this can be 
a problem. 

The relationship between academic 
supervisors and then* students lies at the 
heart of the direction of PhD studies. In 
1980 the Science and Engineering Re- 
search Council was so concerned about 
this state of affairs that it published a 
brochure. “Research Student and Super- 
visor— an approach to good supervisory 
practice” in an attempt to have more 
students complete their stutfies in good 
time. Now, six years on* the situation has 
not improved. Statistics published by the 
Council show that thirty seven per cent 
of the PhD students they sponsor to 
start a PhD m 1980 are in the fifth year 
of their studies and twelve percent nave 
simply given up. 

The Economic and Social Research 
Council has- encountered similar prob- 
lems. It recently produced a list of 
universities where it did not intend to 
make grants* because Jess than tea per 
cent, of their students sponsored by 
ESRC had completed their PhD studies 
in four years. ~ 

The academic view of this state of 
affiurs tends to be that these studies are 
complex and often require skills which 
take time to master. The research council 
view that a PhD can be gained by two 
and a half years of research, followed by 
sax months devoted to writing a thesis is 
largely rejected in university circles. 
Many academics believe that it is not 
realistic to expect to obtain a PhD in 
under four years. Some fed that the 
Research Councils are interfering with 

what is an .academic matter and not 
tolly their business. 

The message for would-be students 
must be to take a close look at the 
published statistics and find out how 
long it took previous students to 
complete their studies with any prospec- 
tive academic supervisor. 

The second problem students encoun- 
ter is concerned with the definition of the 
project. Some academics recruit Ph.D 
students to embark on a dearly defined, 
well thought out project whilst others 
begin with fairly nebulous ideas which 
they ask their students to develop. If 
there isn't a dear idea to begin with of 
what the study is about* it can take a year 
or more to develop one* and the chances 
of an early completion recede. Similar 
circumstances can arise in science and 
engineering if the necessary equipment is 
not actually available and must be 
purchased, installed and commissioned 
before progress can be made. 

The attraction of working with an 
international name in a specialist field 
can work out well if it places the student 
right at the forefront of research in that 
field. It can turn sour, however, when the 
supervisor is constantly in demand from 
other quarters and rarely present for 

It is apparent from published statistics 
that interdisciplinary studies are particu- 
larly difficult. Such students may nor be 
totally accepted by the department in 
which they are undertaking their re- 
search. Of those whose research projects 
were funded jointly by the Economic and 
Social Research Council and the Science 
and Engineering Research Council com- 
mencing their studies in 1980, fourteen 
per cent completed their work in four 
years, twenty five per cent abandoned 
their projects and sixty one per cent 
continued into their fifth year of 

Further study should never 
be entered into lightly 

research. Many of these will be experi- 
encing serious financial difficulties. 

There are many good reasons for some 
people to undertake PhD studies but 
they should not be entered into lightly or 
as a way out of making a real career 
decision after graduating with a first 
degree. This indecision is likely to persist 
even to the completion of a research 
degree. A deep interest in the subject of 
study Together with considerable re- 
sources of determination and persistence 
are essential for success. 

Britain's research base has been erod- 
ed by cuts in higher education and the 
squeeze on research council budgets. In 
technology we have slipped into sixth 
place in the number of European patents 
granted, behind the USJ, West Germa- 
ny, Japan and France. If we are to retain 
our inventiveness and creativity to 
devise new products for the future, a 
healthy system of PhD education is 




Applications are invited from made and 
female EFL teachers to teadti kindergar- 
ten, elementary. ■ intermediate .and 
secondary school students in Riyadh. 
Saudi Arabia. 

Applicants must be nativ e- English 
speakers,, with suitable TEFL qualifica- 
tions and experience. 

Contracts are for one year . and 
renewable* and benefits Include lax free 
salaries. . - - 

interested - applicants . should apply 
immediately to the following address, 
enclosing a complete C.V. (giving day 
time telephone number), two passport 
size photographs, and non-returnable 
copies of qualifications: 

Director General 
Riyadh Schools 
P O Box 1541 
Riyadh 11441 
Saudi Arabia 


AppBeaSons are invited for the post in suaesaon to 
Mrs M.W. Dawson - a member of the sms schools 
Association. - 

Prior's Ffeto Is an independent girts’ boarding and day 
school with 200 pupils aged 11 to 18. 

The governors hope to make the appointment faMst 
' 1987. Closing date for appheabons is , 31st 

Further palicitos and applgto! ton « ■ 
Cleric to die Gtwemors, Priors Rad school, 
Sadalttwig Surrey ; GU7 2BH. 

madder portmam woodward 

24 Evasion Place, London SW7 

500 students in London 
Biology Tutor. . 

ffi“FlSMe working m «£ 

53/S5S SC* 


Large Private 

language School Organisation in Germany, 
requires for a client in the Frankfurt area: 
Experienced and Qualified Nativ e Speaker 
Language Trainer (TEFL) 


With possibility of bur assuming Port as Euro-Rep- 
resentative on the programme with the following 

- Professional supervision of Ewo-Teachen 

- Organisation and a dmin istrative dudes 
-- -Teaching- English as required 


- Extensive experience teaching english as a foreign 

- language (indL S years teaching students from busi 

men and industry) 

- TEFL qualification (RSA, FCCQfTEFL MA, 

- Adaptability to Paining methods ctureotiy m use. 

- Good knowledge of German 

Tte successful applicant can expect both an attractive 
salary and a pleasant working atmosphere. 
Applications in duplicate with cv. qual i fic ation s and 
: ftcent photograph to: _ 

EmoSprachsd in lcn Organisation. Haoptstr. 26, D- 
8751 Stocfcstadl/Main, west Germany. 

Atm Mrs. Bastmer. 



ChisIehursL Kent 


bans are invited for the Headship of this 
r-jdent boarding and day school for girls 
„ 5-18. The post becomes vacant on ! Janu- 
ary 1987 on the retirement of Mis. F. Hatton 

Particulars may be obtained from the Secretary 
of the Board or Management for Methodist Res- 
idential Schools, 25 Maiyiebone Road, London 
NW1 5JP. 

The dosing date for receipt of applications is 9 
May 1986. 



AppNettns me knihari to tsaefc tbs (Atone stHtcts 
.mg » Separator. 19» 



Tto successful appBGMs wtol tatmid to prtgde ttfly into 
tsCT-cumpjfeir Mtwftw ri fte SttnaTsS to NfL* «s« 
Ftvto/OricM or Hoetoy/Twris would m an atofe*. Tteopportmrty 
tocracii ttOw W WW or 1st » Cndra mu to t»n to a toato 
cavMtti. Tto post of l&tort Hmss Tutor s name lor a sstgfe 
person wiBop B mto wtti tomtog totos. 

Kgtfeswttt « me Yortaifce Dates, is an WepenCan Boartlng 
sSmTuntt mjom gris fao&an as Smor aad Amur 

(Id: 072.92 

0a names mu atitstd cMw i 
. School. Seto North 
tram gtnm forte 

Catford, London, SE6 4TY 
{Independent HMC Day School for Boys 7 - 19) 



^ far born po^.. own ^ 

above london Bwrttefl™- 

Apptaaftons to Heat**#? Mav ises. 

1»» acadamic, or ptohM* oy May rwa 



Requites , teacherfs) 
for September to 
teach Classics/Englisb 
to GE. and PAS. lev- 
els. TeL' Esher 62737 

7-9 Pabce Gate, 
tettfagtoe. WB 5LS 
Appicten ora mtod tor die 
post ot; 


Tto flutcssstul appointee vA 
nm good adnmmte and k- 
counpng expenence and w* he 
responade to tto noMradenK 
admnstranon ol te rattpeo- 
dent Sturt Fora CoBege of 450 

Appkcahons togete «Bh M 
tv. and names id two referees 
shndd be addmtaad to tto 




AppUcabnis am mtad for tto 
put ot Bvsar which w® became 
vacant by the retirement of tto 
present noWer on December 
Jltt 1988. It is lowrever 
eoseted te (to aaas ow M 
awaoM wit bepidutes on la 
Ssjaem&er lo ensure connufy- 
Parbcubrs id tto appounmon 


19 Tto Ctosa 
Sabstoty SPl 2EE 



TUp Governing Body of St 
Mara's School. 

Shaftesbury- an 

Independent RC 
and Day School for 
girts Invites appUcaHoas 
for the pest of Bursar 

Details oT (fie poet and 
application forms available 
from The Headmlsrress. 
Sj. Mara's School. 
Shaftesbury. Dorset. 

The King’s 5c bool 
Can ter b u ry, Kent 
0227 462963 

A web quaMM graduate is ra- 
quirsd tor Sepffltnber 1986 to 

teach Chemistry throughout 

Ota School. There ara usually 
aoout 100 boys studying 
pfienteiy to A lanl and (rare 
flf 8 Strong CWjnflgB Wdtoon. 
Fuftfter nt o w na i l on may be 
otmnod by phono bom tie 

Salary above Burnham. 

AppBc a doas wtoi nemos of 
two relanos should bo sent 
» soon as poeE&to ta 
The Hoarimasar, 

. The King's School, 


cj yoai uuae suouati onm 

luuum Mr O and A ind 
CnsMt. cwmpmov* run Ol. 
741 4296 

MATHS and StaUeiice tutthm fay 
MA iCartMil for CCE. OMsndgt 
Entrance and m year Uwv 
wortt OI-M6 43B0 


Rutland. LE15 9QE 

Req u ire d for September 1SB6 
lor peottly January 14B7) 

to take charge of a weB-«)ttUR>«l School Tlwtore and in be 
responsible for an dramatic acttvides in the School. 

For further derails of the post wme to me Headm as ter, 
Closins date (or appa cottons. May cth. 


The Queen's Universiij 
of Belfesi 

ELECTRICAL engineering 
D epartment of Electrical 
and Electronic Engineering 

Thr DMWWW tav nwaif iMCJurig uc mnnn trncnmnn 
tn *mttK . pen-ar. coniroo rapwfRnc. eiihtal ^tins -n4 com 
muntraaota. i|4 iMcnciKfaoiWi The srnati u-in 'tr 

cnrcM M HNUrAuu u> Uwv artn&rt =1 tn* bru ol nicintu 

AnUanfay* *ougM wan ei any of n» roiKwim 

«uv dm™ w*r sAan datnci: numm p«-r i lm iw 
KS, nnw toiuroi mquwmm. mrcuTirmB. ,n 

rerapucr awobcaima on. Hcnnae^m wwk fa* •mKokk 
O mflttosM stuxad oraterdCb f 'J-.d -Wii'i rrvrar'Ti one or in 
fflHiW nstrlmr. lfa» sou. n Mhc from ;v Or'.ot-n I 4 U. or 
surn rjrfarr our te, mt, h* nyrrrC .-jniSitafr* iftoulC 
BW b.- unw as knn ot an r Qoiag wir Slu nur ■‘•Vd 

School of Managemeat and Finance 

ThH MU tus turn CTcXrt: at a mw." c. uw Jl*r.nrc nwimw f 
mt Atunmnn realist. <n> riwitiMn gttm rsoSnp «wrii 

Mia K> W amtoprwoi ot prtfrjmm in Mwugrmnu 

MsmulMi tywim >inn :nr rar-.m Mr a ttv^v M 

iragM. Dr sum ol aw wtcnni? mra snrsuar iranwH, «i kn, 
mrt of m undrrjrMutr one Ers^Mludr t wnfHn iin d ifw 
nwii ti wiii n>r inmuw or au.-inu.-ir iwiun and bimaw h iI 
mlpmaftfln Hurra form mg 4 ^rcuorrion at : Ttr tiuuo 

invohrd aMhcana aacma ernoroaa rjsc r.ain.ini™ ano rr~ 
mtfli wanB m Ihimmm mumuu? — ■»— • -*■■ - nuiiM: 
ana irmm~— 1 rntwiiuluiii tdlnu Tnr kk-eruiu! asHrsr.r 
win Or cncaur^om to an«op OUIIMW cc o wr Ui nc irtrinfa and 

Saury to** cfl.osp ■ cts.7c? wun rora-nfauiorv p w i w i nenra 
undrr IBS. ntul purmodmum user- gmUMUni and rar 
timer otMng our ISA Max S46ct amauk. wicn rrwuica 
rra U irr pjfUcuLari iwnavr cuar in Be T. rr^j itr oaxamwt jmir, 

Uu Pan wawl OftKcr. The quw.’s Im mss « BrUM. Iwunm 
(TMand. 8T7 IMA 



Applications are invited for a new Chair in (he 
Department of Computer Science winch has been 
established to reinforce the existing strong re- 
search activities of the Department. The person 
appointed must have a proven research record in 
some branch of Computer Science or Engineering. 
H Is expected that one or more new Lectureships 
will be available In Che same research area as Uie 
new Professor and that a substantial sum win be 
available to purchase equipment lo support itus 

The appointment, which s available from 1 Octo- 
ber 1986. will be made on the Professorial scale, 
with USS. 

Six copies of applications, with full curriculum 
vitae, a Usl of publications and the names and 
addresses of three referees, should be sent by Fri- 
day 30 May 1936 to Registrar's Department 
(Appointments). Universal- of York. Heslingion. 
York YOX 5DD. Further particulars are available. 
Informal discussions aboui the new Chair can be 
held with Professor wand ( telephone 0904-59861 . 
exL 5670). Please quote advertisement reference 
number t/ioiBa. 

Iveagb Professorship of Microbiology 

The electors intend to proceed to an election to 
the Iveagh Professorship of Microbiology which 
fells vacant on the retirement of Professor J. 
Mandlestam on 30th September 1987. 

The stipend of the professorship is at present 
£21.875 p.a. 

Abodes Professorship of 
Race Relations 

The electors intend to proceed to an election to 
the Rhodes Professorship of Race Relations 
which will fen vacant on the retirement of Pro- 
fessor KL Kirkwood on 30th September 1986. 

The stipend of the professorship is at present 
£21.875 pJL 

Applications (ten copies, or one from overseas), 
naming three referees but without testimonials, 
should be received not later than 1 9th May 1986 
by the Registrar, University Offices, Wellington 
Square* Oxford OX1 2JD, from whom further 
particulars may be' obtained. 

Leicester Polytechnic 



Water Control Unit 

Research Fellow 
& Research 

Computer Control of Water Supply 
Two Researchers are required to join a team 
working on advanced control methods. The work 
will be performed in collaboration with the 
Severn Trent Water Authority and is also 
supported by the Science and Engineering 
Research Council. The project is concerned with 
both the development and practical application 
of on-line computer algorithms covering 
simulation, optimisation, modelling and 

prediction techniques. 

The candidates should preferably hold a post 
graduate degree covering control engineering, 
marhematics and computing, together with 
relevant research or industrial experience. 
Experience of real-time control using VAX 
computers is desirable, but not essential. 

Both appointments are initially for a period of 3 
years with starting salaries on the RA1B Scale 
(£3,076 to £12,945i depending on qualifications 
and experience. 

It >s expected that the candidates will be available 
to start by May 1936. 

Applications by form or CV with names and 
addresses of three referees. 

Application farms and further particulars 
available from the Personnel Officer, Leicester 
Polytechnic, PO Box 143, Leicester LEI 9BH. 

Tel: (0533) 551551 ext. 2303. ' 

Additional information may be obtained from 
Dr. B. Coulbeck, Reader in Control Systems, 
Director of Water Control Unit, 
tel: (0533) 543062. 

EQU-iL OPPORTUNITIES PC-UC r Application* Jre ir-enom? 
irotn people •eja’dicss ofihe r race, ethnic ongih religion. 
se* marrji status or jisabihti Eisatied applicants vjili se 
guaranteed an i nterv’em. ■< swtJtlv gua hfipd ana or 
e tperienced, and supported sv a recognised agericy 
eg aDRO- 



invites applications for full-time lecturerships in 
Statistics, and EJemraiary Mathematics for 
Business and General Management and Fi- 
nance. and for part-time lectureships in 
International Relations, Psychology and Sociol- 

We seek persons with Doctoral degrees bat will 
consider Masters with exceptional qualifica- 
tions. Remuneration is competitive. 

Write to Campus Director, US International 
University-Europe, The Avenue, Busbey, Hens. 
WD2 2JLN. 



High CoBbre Staff In Computer Integrated Manufacturing are required 
by the new CIM Institute to undertake leading edge Masters Teaching 
and Research. 

Successful candidates win be Involved in CIM already within one or more ot the 
software engineering areas and applications, such as information engineering, 
data architecture, MAP. manufacturing systems control and CIM applications 

Attractive salaries are available according to quel inactions and experience. 

The capabilities for leading sponsored CIM project teams, and contributing to 
major Company Course Programmes through The CIM Environment" being 
established at Cranrield are also important 

Write with brief career details for mote information fo. 

Professor J. R. Croofcall, 

Chairman, The CIM institute, 

Building 50, Cranfietd Institute of Technology, Crcnfield, 

Bedford MK430AL qm/T 








AMnwB wr invurd rron 

nHaW W4MI nUMMws 




Both pewts arc umafalc for 
twctvF tnonOis from I ml 
W P m nfair l«o or m Boon as 
pawn!* mereanrr. Sabra 
will DC wftnui me range 
£8020 to £9880 accordUtg lo 

Fanner pa fttc ute ni ObauM M 
ob&unM from ihr Rcomntr 
an] Secretary. Uni reran* of 
BrtaM. SmlM House. Brtslol 
USg 1TH. to whom 
anttlcaHOM stwuM bo sen by 
lfxn May touotm reference 
JCi. amHIcmkkb siwum take 
[hr form of h letter suuno 
■pedal academic and rrsnuen 
interests, udode me names 
and addresses at three 
referees and be accompanied 
tty a cufHcunan vine. 


Acpfafcons m mad from men 
m women tor ita pest of 
Cote Lecturer n hmwnc 
Owrwtry The s u tt fv s h i 
anotom. if a woman. w« to 
elected a Felw of tto CtAeoe. 

Tto aoportnunt wtttch rarotves 
trati leadmo and resaw*, wdl 
to i® twe wars startno on 13 
Daotof 1986 ss as soon as 
pKsMe mentafier The salary a 
on tto sede ot tontaags 
UBiveroiy Asaistam Lecturers 

am Learns aaxntne » age 
ina eqwneic e. fi ntei 
pamUais may to osaited tram 
me PmaaL Newnham Cotoge. 
camtnige CB3 9DF 

ooucaiions ano npctoKo and 
tto names oi up to three 
referees, should be sem to the 
Pntod ot NewWam CoBeae by 
la May 1386. 

University College of 


ApptKMKBn arc malted tram 
qraduatca. or those Who 

cKpect (Otooduate in lteL 
lor a StutofWSup in the 

Hatary ot P«4 Q»tw 
tenNrie tor two IM4R fftSTI I 
Ocfober 19B6 wttha possmie 
eeuMlon f«r a nte y«ar 

Cuxnoafra svttl be akpKM lo 

carry o*4 Nuutfi on Any 
anted ot Post omcr History 
from 1039 to about I9sa 
AppbcabOitsshauM be made 
Ut me first instance to Dr MJ. 
Daunwit. rttswnr 
DrwrtmcpL UHNtoWr 
CoDrto LOMM. Cower 
Street. Lanoon WCJ E OBT. 

uNrv r ERsrrY of 

AppMcahom are invited lor 


value apprournaiety 
tn the ease ol a full-time Yu 
(ML aim aooroidniMely 
£500 In me rase Ol a part-tone 
student, tenable for one veil 
In Uie Urn instance. Candi- 
date?. ratal be graduates of a 
Llusersttv at the United King. 
Mm and mud be prepared to 
undertake researefi at The 
London School ol Economtra 
on some social- econormr or 
Industrial t i robtein lo be ap- 
proved by Che University 
Applicants who do not know 
the result at their Degree L»- 
amuutions may make 
provisional appheauon 
Appticunons. on a poesctidki 
( orm. roust reach Tfar Sch>* 
arvhiDS Officer. Graduate 
School. The London School of 
Economics. Houghton Street. 
London WC2A 2AE Urom 
whom forms and further de- 
late! may be ootain*d< not 
later than > September IMA- 




Amnnum are uivned ln>m 
numerate Pti D letef 
research workers tn Uw 
human or biowsira soencev. 
iitetudinq twrtxmw and 
economics, lor me above 
FeUowsnin. lenabtc fbr tnree 
years, tears on the vale for 

Research and AnaloguevSudl 
h-unin Uie range £8020 - 
C 12 780 according to age 
and rxoenmtr. 

Apptiratiom la Professor 
JJTT-Gone* Deoartmenl of 
ctHdenuoian and 

Oommuiuli' MedKinf, 

Canynge Hall. WhUrtadwi 
Road. Bmioj BS8?PR. irom 
whom (unner teulicuiars can 
Dr obtained. 

L-'mvrKitv of Exeter 


AMtUcttions are united for 
tiw post of Temporary Lec- 
turer in Politics tenable from 
1 October i *86 (or a period 
of two yean. CandkUlm 
should have a primary inter 
estin poUttral dev etopmenf in 
me nurd world. 
Commencing alary win to 
wtlhui the range of £8020 - 
£9496 pa on the scale 
£ BOBO - £<6700 P4L t ureter 


Further pacDcuian available 
from.- The Personnel Other. 
University of Exeter, Exeter 
EX4 4QJ. to whom appUca- 
dona >6 rants, candidates 
Bvtofl overseas 1 copy) giving 
Uw names and addresses of 
nan* referees shouM or sent 

by 20 May 19B6. Quoting ref 
arose No. 3464. 


Faculty of 
Modern and 




Appucaltoos are invlled for i 
recenllv eflanUsned lull lime 
puv! ot unpugc Adviser in 
me Faculiy of Modem ana 
Medieval Languages at Cam- 
bridge for a period of 
Iftreeyear « in IW first 

The main duties of the pervon 
appointed will be Id Droilde 
an aovisocv service, open io 
at) members ot The University, 
cm the learning of mooem 
languages, lo devetop new 
I naclilng materials lor self in- 
exrucuon in FrmOi and 
German lor students or roar- 
ing for emumnauon* such as 
tne institute Ot Linguists rx 
ami nations, and lo undenalir 
some leaching The person ap- 
pointed wtti also be rrpecird 
to organue iracrang in one or 
both at Ibese languages and 
will be encouraged fo under- 
lake additional warning. 

The pensionable scale of sti- 
pend is £0.496 nslnq by live 
Increments lo El 1.790 pa 

Further parttcularv may be 
obtained by writing lo the 
Secretary. Faculty of Modern 
and Medieval Languages, 
gidgwick Avenue. CarnbrKKrc 
CB3 “DA Applications 
Should Include a CURRICU- 
LUM VITAE and me names 
and addresees of not more 
■nan three referees, and 
should reach thr Secretary by 
ct May 19SA. 






The Computer Centre is pn 
manly rewanslblr for 
running the University 1 * 
mainframes and campus net- 
work. The matnlrames are an 
Amdahl v 7 running 
UM CMS and UTS and' a 
nsmptex or 3 Norn. Daia ma- 
chine* The campus network 
1 * X.ZS-bosed and extends to 
most aragemle oeparlmenJal 
buildings, a* wen a* being 
linked lo we JANET national 
network 7nc Centre » oho 
rnaoreMDe for Hfv-umg 
departments on the use ol 


The Deputy Dtrecforchtp Is a 
new post and the perwn ap- 
patnifd nil be resonratoie lor 
nuuurang the lertutKol pro- 
gramme of the Centre. It k 
expected that M/iM will OHO 
contribute U> some aspect ot 
uw work, as well as assisting 
tne DPcrar on policy mat- 
ters The post often th* 
opportunity to worfa In a num- 
ber of challenging ares*, and 
lo be involved in planning 
future dlrrctlone The On- 

pomtihenl will be nude an 
Grade HI of tne Other Related 
Scale iCld.H70-£18^» per 
annum/ oha L'SS Sapdanpu- 
alwn. Further partteuiBri and 
AppiiedUon Form* 12 ctotesi 
con be oupied from Penop- 
net Officer. Unhwnaiy. of 
Reading- WhUeknJghK. P.O 
Box 217. Reading RG6 2 AH. 
Closing uate 23 May 1986. 
RH. R13A. 



The efecftirs intend lo proceed lo an election U> the newly 
Mtabitshed Professorhslp of Computing Science. The sti- 
pend of the professorship is af present £21.875. 

Applications ilen copies, or one from overseas), naming 
three referees but without lesiimonials. should be received 
nol later than 9 June 1956 by Uie Registrar . University 
Offices. Wellington Square. Oxford. OXi 2JD. from whom 
funner particulars may be obtained. 


School of Engineering 
and Applied Science 

ApvbcaUon* are ihitted lor 
llw abate SERC lupwnrf 
povf tenable lor three yean 
I Torn a* s«n a* potubte and 

conremrt wiin Uie deinop- 

mreu ol advanmt tretinigun 
for moiuiormo and control of 
walrr dtvinbulMn '.y^u-nt. to 
lanliUH- import rd operation- 
al pnrtormanrr. ntMtally In 
rmiHl ol water lows The 
application at m at system* 
and lifts tefhmquM lor m- 
nancemenl of on line control 

anmi will oho be invohed 

Candidue* should pram a 
good honour* ttemre in en« 
nmiring or -Kienre Ond 
experience ol programming tn 
fnrfran. a poupadtcite de- 
gree or relev am uiduurui 
rvpenmce w destrante. Initial 
salary up lo £9 406 on scale 
1 A pto% superannuation 

A mm rations i£ copfe*) nam- 
ing three referee* should be 
sent bv 16 Mas 148b lo the 
RKDMrar. Scurcr Loboralo- 
rw*. South Road. Durham 
DHl 5LE. From uhom lurther 
parunilar* may to obtained. 


Appucaaora are- invited for a 
three year rrvearrh student- 
ship funned by the SEftC 
Biotechnology Directorate, in 
work on rimer the molecular 
bub Of poilrn-dignui incom 
paUbdliy phenomena tn 
Bnootea crop pituus. or in* 
iramler of Brava ca Skra 
gtyroprmem gene to 

The PM IV Mllt.'lbb- for a tjrad 

iwie with first or upper 
second-class degree in 
Moiecuajr Biology. Brechem 
Blrv or " Mher relevant 
bmloateal tuWert 

AptUnUoiB. naming rwo ref- 
erees. should be tern Hi 
Professor D Boulter. Depart 
menl at Botany. Science 
Laboratory as. South Road. 
Durham. DHl 3LE. bv 3 May 



Application* one invited for 
Uic post of Lecturer in the 
Farutry <ri Lav.- commencing 
I October. 1986 Preference 
wiH be gnen to candidate* 
who express an interest in 

Property Low. 

Salary srate ■ EB090 lo 

Ll 5.700 per annum The Ini- 
tial saurv setll depend on 
auoliiKatJons and experience 

Further particular may be- 
Obtained trnm Mr, C N Saull. 
The Lnivmlly. Soul ham p 

loh. sew snh. to whom 
aaoUCMtam «7 rows from 
L K. anpnramsi shouM be 
sew nol later than S May. 
i486. Quoting reference man 
her 4TS LW 






The unfveRity regards mttw- 
tag de ugn as a fuodanauai 
asoect of engtneermsr design 
irgeUng and research have been 
Moneerad at LouQhhorougti and ft 
ts tmenoed to reinforce activity m 
umeareasbyanappotnlmexit is 
this post 

and an established reputation In 
an engineering area related lo de- 
sfga. TV peraon aBDOlnted lo Die 
Chaff wtHoHoaria* aretter & 
the Engineering OaHgn Centre. 
Salary wUfato Uie profcaafanal 
range icufmtl mlntnutm 
mg. oio. current average 
122.9*0. but under review from 
X April 1 98 $) 

Application loom and further 
pamnitarvmay be obtained Irom 
Ito Rtssstrar. Tto Vkrr-Chancrt- 
lor. Psofeteor J-C PntBtps. Ers. 
wwdd addtUwuUy be happy to 
correepwid In ctmudtote with 
anyone wtshtm lo suggnt poesl- 









ole rap d wwes from onlveRdttcs 
or front bvlustry. 

bauehh nmi Hi Lrietsttrskirr 


T 4/86 






i hit 






r n" 





uld be 




p w a 

l — 






Is for 




s ire 


^ -- 











ts. Mr 






i hit 

r) — 
ii his 
■ Se: 
i. on 

y has 
. -il2- 



Together we can beat it. 



jll a.- • *r 

11 . >n jiuU.ireoi "> 

l.h von i«"i! * **""“■ 
ih-it or malar J 

Cancer 1 
Research ’ 

» i.V H- - H" 
i.L- r'Tt «• 

. .... naui V 1 K> 

UM, TAfEF'im 

•ZZkz-rSs jsar.* 

- gjg ^z. Sootti Wrt«. 

01-495 TTTB AB1«. 

■ T "*™ tSA&^ of- 


TTTT TTTi TF g unTjnAY 21 198 ^7 


i| ivpnasroKis_ APPOINTMENTS 


atu mr pucm» .On^i.1 

BBT-S Sft*- 

activity holidays 

T "-£, *52? V | 


Sr , --stsstos 

552 7697 

w operate HoK^ 

ury Engusn expense 

2 fZUGSSJSEZ»L Tel: Martin 
Ball on 01-723 7874 . 




We are 29 mil*****?* sAooL Tte following 


la gfwi' 


mtsslSS fesssfir 

SKJ e»20 **" 


"2Jai 0227 721768. 

-i^ Simry Maqnlf. 19 b ertti 


3Z6 lOM so-ctt) 

carubcan emu®” *J 2 “ 
C ?5X*TH Travel Crum* 
,01(1941 59897 ABTA. 

H&w®*# 01 ^ f0U0 ” ,n8 

Assistant Houseparems 
Previous cpeneM: ^howh. 

SST.6 & 14 dg<*n*£5£ 

Manyd * g*ST^£uA May 



>Suoer« house 

Mt hw L®i?‘5SS*M ! 
hm « bic SS w ‘S3m 

p iunwy wwo» 

"£ILa». «■* 

: an* -»*“^2rwfli *■ 




Jf-499 5334 

kiss"™ 8 




5vi.aiuiv. Om^ 1 - 





IjmVStT'TV Wrt WW W « 

?mk» 3S£2 



prtrei. OI-40S 1S6S 



7M49. S84A 77. | UKH — provided. Single 

DOMESTIC & CATERING Jj^<S«ion av ^^f &SSS°SS8> P ^S5^ 

mg*™ , KSjssrar^iSa «. •— 

_ . - _i rv.™ rtffirpr 

A v 0 i;>b2^; 

, .30.ierrt-y--'5weel; SW 1, 

■. V 33^7 i'94' '.-. .'icni'l 

■junivts. Ljumw* W»ntf» 

laurant. Su» “"^r r- uc 

20-36 Coowrt Mar* ^ I 
786 91 SI w ._ _ 

AU PAMS ana 

I SSS^"«™5»v*«n‘ 49TW 
01 874 4151. 


ISSff Wt SSOO pw WB- 
L 8»«.ig7aL ^ 

rri & / aust SniSniSn au paws «*i 

“SfSr'— — 

ESSoub £33«. •♦’•"S? » u pMR A MSBHCT 

fAqq' Australia £569. Ply ^TVCltttAS cjfwi Lonaon Wl . 

Principal Care Officer 
Ungfidd Hospital School 
Si Piers Lane 


a^fs s A 

gS&w saass 1 - "■ — 

01-221 3335 



i K arliw 41 *° *• 1 _ — i _ — — 

Pniu inal oi 1 •nCHLANO IM2 Lux ".nlronl W 

■WRtsaSas I 

fPO BOX ZWP- lYlKWdn^ 



WortdwW. to- 
tub hMt-aod w« e«n P™*"? 
175.000 cMntt *«• 1570 
FROM E795 

for her 


\ 4RH or 

,U YEAR racoon 

£2.000 wlinj iS2*Q32a 9-1 

tl COO PIW 01-876 9326 





T.TcShiM'W" AB6 373 6306 


Ini^AUan Trwri TO: 01-193 

0071. VH w*B«ii». 

gS^-- S5S5 l l SSES 

S^Ti DWH-, Tin* 0^2^ 
rtSrtcr Oow. London. swi» 
TOQOi-asa 8070. 

•mMET ■ Izmir 115 IflaMOJJJJ 

aWa-artOi. p n a rtf* 


^tessflfS 1 

uortll H0MU» 01-734 2502. 

ivn / u* ” 

Enclosing a laitP stamped addressed ettvdopt 


care lor ^2 £u5o* |1 '«m*l W lJ ' e 

f3T.lSS3S!6 0lSl5 9946 

businesses wanted 


Mudn CANARY luflv lumUtrd 
nenlml and weekreatt 





Chancreo ft^ourffinis. 
Voitelwe Bank wamcets. 
Mfinnary StrjeL 
Leeds LSI 2JT. 




MMhly accwapwye for 
lAToe urtvade yacn L£!!£& 
Momh of May 
ES^.HWheststw^fJ I 

EnSteh and 

JjSsEe - buffeta. coAWJ 
Sl^Snner parties, nrfl 

S« "»W«3S1' , SS 

experience «** n0 ^:, SV 
Richard Taylor 0l-*9i 


A vacancy has arrtrai for 

a trainee broker. The so^ 

o«afui applicant ne | 

aged 23+ and of a maxi 
prance. Noprav^ 
piperlence necessary and 
[ ■in training 9 1- ®- 



Tam £iw _ 

Srt c>fir^2r 2 Bed flat icccp 

S> F 5£ww” B+5lw,, “ 

5S y mdUiA ndgt 1 del 


I?? . . .■ ho mci ib- 

SP -otoo Uehs ttse •« o*- 
J"; 4*S 2 WHL ZW* 

For a confldenttal 
interview rtng- 

nZ M4» 54» 

01-283 6827. 

„ „ areas 

* 3 »%'r'aw : .! 5lOC-r.C2C2w 
g=I 435 9Lo'» S""" ' ct-8?8S2? ? 

legal notices 

eiiiTDJJson'i«Wj*M«®™ 1 r nvS» y i ?y 

hssssssssssSr J 


' ii ^ ? ™ lin The l. tit injz’ Agent 


. . n «r vnuce Youno pr°*- 1 

SKSboiSr ii 01723 1308 


ovhrtoolLmj a ba^i- 

7 . » fumMUrd and 


Tdephene OSJS33 XN 



=MO LAME. Wia F«n W I«are 

w*2? ww 

s'oS? 1 .-- ««^n B js. 

Call Jrrrmi 727 ipn 
TJ9 4IXJ2 >E«.w: 
MACMHEATH so. p r ®L ,< ir J Sr 
^w-.ssrjs °rxfl. 

B 5Srsri?s ,B ®r 

^Cl 0162= 0045 »nrr 6Pi« 
rLATMATES-SdWlLW 1 ^T 1 ,^ 

discounted fares 

tmqiv return 

jo-tiumHar ^ SH 
Nturam “g 

«»• C5S S335 

sru s«g ss 


Afro .Asian Travel Lid 

S »*« k , su 6, 5^ , « 

tBLs 01^137 

ST HKH NZ Luxury jrd nr Ihn. 
clow y*x urtd town 

sIJhti two* and 9^?vte?w 
Avail JU1V * AlW* E39S (■“■ 

T*l. 01 947-1600 




My nCT . IS T jtMn . g luutwa SALES 

“*L2T2?°lJhKti WWIO vdun- Bankl 

^“■SsiST'aSSSS “ 5 ‘ 



KL7d>«? SS. 

esilKS ting MlWWWh — 

S2^o4«il«whn9 7.« von KECtmATE Suc*» 

iSSSES* “fesS 

mL fff p „ Kvk. 


numl &+man »*d/w 
S^dlaJv Etfgnrivp .^S* 1 
£20.000 pa. BWilwirn Agy 01- 
495 9993 

■ill accourttam*. 

4 «®*Sraduate» are 
Mw» c **r» 0 Lrw jSSISNiy 
^rewaiSSeSreer w 

mm«« 061 872 4015. 

ci-T 2 i 3 'oo . ci-sa; 16-5 



01-629 6604/2 




. . mltVl 



Non-smoking programmer wiA 

one to two years Pascal 
experience recpiired for software 
house in Cambridge working on 
management systems. 

Short term or long term, 
please telephone in first 

The Real 


LiQtAI 1IW<- 

0223 68354 

E p^ i , ! ! | , | .'i'M r y 

01-244 7353 

To view owr 


«■ centralLiandon. 

01-724 3160 







m fflS R & FIATS 



351 7767 




sHlle.W5-th.NE com* 
milnol bi«rtl'14l««'9*7 j. 
bgoulilul coaUlm*- 

wlllol. KlVUVC 

numml Pay*. 1 »®« o0t necui “ 
SS^uTv’Wof Att.unLnn 

!!Hr..nv loro and law 




natural omv £895 p g”Y° 

Mouea fr rra 
TcnwH* fr £79 
AbranW »r SA* 

Motion » E»9 
ttnza Ir £69 

Many "•**+ 

a ' a, 01-723 , 6964 


StmOOM NtaXIRf M #» 
teitnce. swlrtmunj in blue 

SSSSf- -!S^S52a 

MAZDA RX7. I983. .nya^;g» 

^h wnroof. «g2f*L 1 S2; 



xtc 4 X tcestocy Fer Twd* 



3355 anytimg 


„ wia. variety of administrative du- 

w« “ &22S: 



‘tS try «* h« 5ai« W?f*^ 

D & A m aw Oc®aw- 061 ^ 


Bizet doing wdWmff 
Wntlng Uw Ch 0 ^ 1 ' ^ 
Ensure you include 
MAHKSONS i ^ k . 

S5fflSSSS , «5” S5?l 


Albany S»re«V- nwi. 

Tel' 01-435 8t)82. 
fSiim Pra™- sei* 
Tet 01-854 4517. 


Holiday v 01 734 -W 

nUKs. 1 PrevKMf 

-asrcuncRS on nrahuj"? ”"‘* d * y ‘ 01 734 2602 
C ^eSw*^iSa IBM •JJ^o 6REECL Un— * .“ ff^-^TSS 


REECE. Unsown •“'7-'^ 

aMirt AnrU-May Bargatw . I9«a- currenl 


0167. AgU Atol 1893. 

KJoy^. oi-*--" 


0705 562814 

"S* ^Sv«* aSta - 

OI-S36 8622 



t £»» many extras. MotOM 
condinon inroLWtxxit- ruo«U 

IBS' •* r SSLTTS!? 

ssissr oT'^ioSSi 

8?6436 or 01-624 76 IB 

VWAP rUaHTS worldwide- 

swr ni»rmjuiPSctwdi^dnwii 5 wrL 


VILLAS WITH a maoc towol 

AviUa. a pool and a bwuWul 
view wnal more could you 
want? CMOW Irotn T MCMjl . 

er parti of Italy w, T r 'i n L^rt? 
moi-kH openlMi donT 90 . Or 


^ne ,n 

?3!“oT 749 7449 aa hr* 

tempting TIMES 


Wten aa mi "* * *.**+ 
nxms. taftroM- 2 re *23? 
udwirtinattaa mom »n» 
£33J nw „ nrr r ._, 
Moety WtoW BWl 4» *” ** 2 
bftwgM. waroixg. no#**. 


01-511 ORB 

SSi -SKwarp L ran 


- «er 6JO pm- 

=--*4. mu wnL 

S^iJSSo ««kw»0i BI- 

■ as. 

kn.a mw. 5 ”i_,™y , grS 

S? STS^^oSr- 

Ktafl R Locxwood. g78 7966 

cau tt tcm *2K25JZa. 

FOUW*. '*S5J? f t»ie , »» 
V«ni 6 »»a «WW« 

Qua no- K^^. 737 iwS 

Satin, an TWPW 791 



KJL [llU 

Swrt ML 01629 259^ 

■arwrsBffi — 

o^ST^^SdTi m "S52L,*«S: 


DjUTtl «M -wntw * ^ 


g^fg^g-p^wMBaaaA. SSUSmox *« *»* <d 


o«u«m»ii». n*ww 

Alwenor dentm*** 

soi with d touw rooff-.*ngff 

room, tuny liiiidUW* 1 ^ 
phtuo Andrew,. 4B*> owa- 

^*o?-S 9561 «n«r 3 w» 





the pale estate moors 



Van tract, of WOOTl "2f! JJ22 
niu qrxzmp. 

M 'SSS'ttbSS? 

Mid nuoetal ngho w 

OVER 9000 hww 


Bucks. Td 0494 784711 

Westtwry 5 ndt“^2j' 
dlnston 80 mwat«h 
Bath 16 niUes. Modern 4 
bed roomed 

house - 2 tjatruuoraa. 
double oaraoe. 
prTvale mature uaraen. 


0373 88S29 


'US& w E aa &£ m & 

Jf^OO OO IS deaHrs. onoilv 
R^ylo BOX F7I 


*t* ■ — ■ 

rdOl (BS 0024 





aloarvc M-wwnjyg 

Si Jarm**^ Sore*- bw» 



iPonl Street. London SWl. 


u Mi r untfT vMitn nrd das* 


9557 Rre Com. 

DOMIT/Wn. For BM \dtfr 

c * nunfl 0U, Rcrt!£ol 1 tJ 2S£ 
ounoaiow. Exrrtiem >■■“■ — 
£07.000. T6: 07476 2836 

OYV CSfTME ■ "»»- O* ^ 

upfoneen ovmiis 
ptfda-Krro at-atlaWe. 
buin. (ml of let-rare frreftow 
house, boomtixit w. a aeg^Mi- 
ttnq rtn. (utty «n>iKwd 
baltiraom. cajwjj- 
parkino area 86*07 ® mo*, 
mm. So.soa tor auiclt Mg- 
TH: Ol 957 36 I6._or Floral Da 
smns. Ol 938 2222. 







Our pnc(fi can UT™lvU6 
.Buy or Hire from only “O 

markson pianos 



FAR east 



. „ r „ i-»v Mm Snanbh. 

LAME LBBAL W» rwiM re a 
iZSOnm to “ 1 

Fn UuiKt melud * greet ng_g^ 

_w,.i imia with Security. «jc- 
21? i^«nould live «o» log- 

lull nim lor ndd M m **?*ii . *SL 
28* £0200 + l*»W 
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“■• fa*-- - 

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; - 

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• ■=?; 

Princely Estate should 

John Winter, the Newmar- 
ket- trainer. sends his three, 
year-old, Princely Estate, on 
the longjouraey to Edinburgh 
this afternoon to contest the 
second-' division of the 
Inveresk Maiden Stakes and 
this improving colt -can repay 
the- travelling expenses by 
opening his account. 

The son of Nonhfields 
looked on the backward side 
last season and raced only 
three tunes, on each occasion 
in. good company against the 
likes of Primary, lmnsky and 
Faraway Dancer. . 

On his seasonal reappear- 
ance over seven furlongs at 
Leicester last month. Princely 
Estate showed plenty of ability 
and after leading three fur- 
longs out was caught in the 
last stride by the Nicky Vig- 
ors-tramed Emrys. 

The: main danger to my 
selection appears to be Bill 
Watts's London Bib, who had 
two useful outings as a juve- 
nile under the care of John 
Ciechanowskt. However, 

By Mandar in 

Princely Estate may have the 
edge on fitness. 

.The first division of this 
event may also go to another 
£™narket contender, Mark 
Prescott’s newcomer. Auction 
Tnne, who has been showing 
plenty of speed on the gallops. 

The best bet on a moderate 
card should be Sotmenelle, 
who competes in the frve- 
finiong North Berwick Stakes. 
The three-year-old filly hpiH 
from John Wilson's in-form 
stable. Harry Hastings and . 
Young Driver, wfao ran with 
such credit in this year's 
Grand National, are two of the 
t alen ted National Hunt per- 
formers ■ trained at Wilson's 
famous Cree Lodge stable near 
Ayr racecourse, and 
SonneneQe, who has run twice 
with distinction in handicap 
company this term, can boost 
the stable's tally. 

My nap foiled to score as a 
two-year-old, but quickly got 
off the mark this season witha 
three-length success over Our 


Mumsie at Hamilton at the 
beginning of the month. She 
tried to make all again at Ayra 
week later, but just foiled to 
withstand the late challenge of 
Capeability Pound, who beat 
her by threequaners of a 

Peter FeiMen’s Newmarket 
raider Heart of Glass disap- 
pointed at LingfieJd, but had 
previously held off Booty by a 
neck at Warwick, and must be 
respected, while Raas, from 
Steve Norton's yard, ran the 
useful Taranga to six lengths 
at Hamilton. However, 
Sonnendle looks a sporting 
wager to get back on the 
winning traiL 

Tnr Scorer lost his maiden 
certificate with an emphatic 
victory over Merhi and the 
odds-on Pop the Cork, at Ayr 
earlier this month and the 
Denys Smith-trained four- 
year-old should defy a Sib 
penalty in the seven-furlong 
Dalmeny Handicap at the 
expense of David Thom's 


Faustus victory 
fails to impress 

Sore Blade, who ran a fine 2,000 Guineas trial at Thirst 

Toca Madera looks potent threat 

The Gallagher's New York 

2,000 Guineas Trial ax Phoenix 
Park on Saturday did not merely 
uncover a strong challenger for 
the Nmnaritt dasde hot also 
wrote another chapter in the 
record of the “rags to riches" 
performer. Toca Madera (Our 
Irish Correspondent writes). 

As a yearling Toca Madera 
was originally sold for 4A00 
gameas. but he was found to 
have a wind aOment and the deal 
feU through. Subsequently the 
Doblin auctioneer. Den is 
Mahoney, purchased him pri- 
vately for just £500 and had trim 
bobdayed before putting him 

into training with Liam Browne. 

He landed a gamble at Phoe- 
nix Park last a Btnma and was 
then resold to Miss Deborah 
Threadwffl for £30 lOOO. In his 
new owner's colours be woo a 
seven-forioag stakes race 

He has obviously made a lot of 
improvement over the winter 
because he was aa easy winner 
from London Tower, with 
Cranny's Money six lengths 
away in third. 

Lnua Browne rates Toca Ma- 
dera superior m Dara Monarch, 
who won the Irish 2,000 Guineas 
and the St James's Palace 
Suites at Royal Ascot. Book- 

maker reaction to this win by 
Toca Madera was to trim his 
odds from 25-1 down to 16-1. 

The other trial of the 

afternoon the North Ridge Farm 
1.000 Guineas Trial produced a 
major upset with the rank 
outsider. The Bean Sid he, beat- 
ing her galloping companion, 
Carol's Lack, by a head with the 
even-money favourite. Park Ex- 
press, three lengths in arrears. 
Jim Boiger (bought the ex- 
tremely heavy ground was to 
blame for this defeat of Park 
Express and be is still 
contemplating letting her ran in 
rbe 1.000 Kmneas. 

Newbury punters did not sec 
the winner of the 2.000 Guineas 
in Saturday's Clerical Medical 
Grcenham Slakes at Newbury 
according to (be bookmakers. 
Hills and Ladbrokes were 
umimpressed with Henry 
Cecil's Faustus, who won by a 
short head and a head from 
Lead On Time and HaUgaie. 
Faustus can still be backed at 20- 
1 with Hills and 16-1 with 
Ladbrokes Tor the Newmarket 

Lead On Time, trained at 
Newmarket by Olivier Douieb 
and ridden by the French 
jockev. .Alain Bade!, tried to 
make" the running and did so 
even* here but in the last stride 
of lhc seven-furlong race. Sieve 
Cauihen had been working hard 
cn Faustus on the outside and 
managed to get a renewed effort 
from the colt in the last 50 yards. 

"Fausius is a very lazy horse 
and Sieve rode him a very 

Strong finish. ” Cecil said. “I was 
very pleased to see him win like 
that. Its been very difficult for 
him when he has been under a 
cloud during the winter". 

Cecil continued: “My wife 
Julie is really the trainer of this 
horse and she always rides him 

Sally Hall, tile Yorkshire 
trainer, was delighted with the 
performance of Hallgatc. "I 
think he'll get any trip because 
he relaxes so well in a race. He is 
sure to improve and definitely 
runs in the 2.000 Guineas." 

Bookmakers were 
oressed with the performance oi 
K Blade, who .easily 
Cimiax Classic TrtaJ at 
Sure Blade is now down to /-» 
for the 2.000 Guineas. 

George Du'flield incurred a 
four-day suspension from April 
■»& and his mount. Wasmi. was 
disqualified from second pace 
m the Compton Maiden stakes, 
[he last race at Newbury. The 
stewards found wasmi ban 
interfered with Baracuda Bay. 
ridden by Richard Quinn, inside 
the distance and the incident 
was caused by Duflicld's care- 
less riding- _ . , 

Du flick) said: “I’m definitely 
appealing. The other jockey had 
been riding on rop of me from a 
long way out-" 

Hardy Lad sprang a 28-1 
surprise in rhe William Hill 
Scottish National and provided 

Fren ch racing, page 4fl 

23->ear-otd Michael Hammond 
with the biggest riding success oi 
his career. Although he only 
took the advantage at the last on 
Hardv Lad. Hammond was 
confident that he had the race 
sewn up before then. 

"My horse was going so well I 
Knew I had the race won turning 
into the home straight." Ham- 
mond said. 

Although Corbiere. the I9S.I 
Grand National winner, was 
beaten five lengths by Hardy- 
Lad. he received a great ovation 


i numbers best 


runners) . 

3J0 ABERLA0Y SELLING HANDICAP (£762: 1m 3f) (9) 

4032-00 KMLLOl 
1000000. FRA5ASS 

OWTJ F CM 189-10 


000410 LITTLE NEWNGItNI [U Pow ) N Bmvtl 5-8-13 (5«) 

000/000 TURFFONTEH (6 Gant) M E*nton4-812 


0000-00 00 SPECTRUM (B) ft VowrafhKiere 00-10 

tS I : i-HTIita 

; \ LOOK‘D 



II - 4& BROOM'S 

1? SCOTCH 0»»{D 

16 090 TEAM EFFORT 1 

10 33 HAZEL'S GStL (BF 

20 BS MSSnSA(MraO 

oooo-oo oospEcrauw 
000004 CROWFOOTS! 

00000- PBMlKBOrB 

200000- OUVEmO (N ChwnMrtojf N CfiamSenatn 3-7-7 

(WSetore) j Partes 8810 . 
Thompson Ron Thompson 3-7-10— 

Q Nkttots T 


C Darya'S 

R VkefcarS 01 

- T Parka* fn S 

— RPEHottB 




) Ron Thompson 7-13 
) AMadnar7-1D 

7-2 JJtta Naw tn gton. 4-1 Crowtooi's Couture, 5-1 TurltorWn. 6-1 Oinventw, 8-1 
Murrtto. 10-1 Go Spectrum. (2-1 Frauas. 14-1 Honest Tohon. iB-i Pwryn Boy 

4.0 INVERESK MAIDEN STAKES (Div k E547: 1m) (12) 

-e * 

5 U3 

* T. 


_ frg Haza ra GW. OI Atoajyta. 9-2 Breon'e Secret. 8-1 Mtaa Pha. B-1 Tam EBOrt. 
lOI Scotch knp. 12-1 Mr Berlntey. 

Edinburgh selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Brpon's Addition. 2.30 SONNENELLE (nap). 3.0 Apple Wine. 

3.30 Little Newington.4.0 Auction Time.4.30 Princely Estate. 3.0 

TryScorer. .. .. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 Hazel GirL 2.30 Heart of Glass. 4.0 Aoction Time.A3G Princely 
Estate. 5.0 Alnashme. 

By Michael Seely 

2.30 RAAS (nap).4.30 London Bus. S.O Trade High. 

2J30 NORTH BERWICK. STAKES (3-Y-6: £547^51) TO 










003 SOPHY’S FOLLY (K HomB) J 5 Wlson 4-9-9 

■8 TWO COWTOES (R Jackson) D Moorhead 4-9-9- 
OOh FBCAIW IA Crowe) A Sant 


. JLOM4 

oo- aaetA' 

000-000 MA8TB1 


J Toflar 

Pmscmt 3-63 . 

Wss I Bel 3-8-6- 

(M Bi«Nn) M Bnttam 333 . 

SMYYAAF Thoml D Thorn 3-8-6 

SANA SONG M MacMnzi^ C Parker 3-8-6 

BOY (B Rnpson) Denys Smith 3-8-6 — 
HQ (A PotMrsool J S Wison 3S3 

0 NDRTfSRN fVNQ (A POflersool J S' 

00- TABLE-TURMHQ (Lord OHhy) J Watts 3-63 

. G Carter ®1 
„ NCariWeB 

KDartay 0 

AMumay 6 

— DMchoisa 
LChemoek 12 
— S 

. N Coanortac 11 


Sophy's I 

; 7-2 Sana Song, 94 Saiyyaaf, 11-2 TaMe Turning. 8-1 
— Rfcig, 12-1 Auction Tina, 14-1 others. 

4 M INVERESK MAIDEN STAKES (Div It £547: 1m) f12) 

B ACKA’S BOY (G AUtimoi) D MoHbH 4^9^ 

04 0 BANTG. BANZAli 

o CKonrsPEri 

4 lew* 5 


11-8 Hurl oi Gtaes. 7-a S o nn en ofo . 4-1 Baas, 6-1 ChifwnyVPat, 8-1 Barm 
Banzai, 14-1 UR.RjgH'lM otters. . .. .. 

3 A MUSSELBURGH SPRING HANDICAP (£1^662; 1m 4f) (11) 










) J S WHsott 4-9-9 . 

. W Prarca 4-9-9 . 

GRmolfly 4-9-9 

Cap! J WHson 40-6 


0000-8 XO ISLAND 
000-2 PRMCaY 

0400- ULTKSSA fCAfp (P UMzeQ 

A Scot 4-8-8. 


NCoanortM 12 

. DLaadWnr(5)6 
JMa Bowkar f7) 5 


II BlrchS 


(Lady Clagua) J Wfeitor BO 1 
i> Barrau Ron Thonpaon : 
» UMzeOS Norton 3-83 _ 

■ i. : 

i I 

* er- i .mCI 

220100 0OL0EN FANCY fffoitt u i a t a la mauw) I VMian 08-IP. 

ss ssjsas^essffssssffz: 

132110 HOLLY BOOT 
900-320 LOWB -Vm 

■m vattAnffl 


9-4 Princaly Estate. 8-1 London Bus. 5-1 Responder, 7-1 Pantyane, KM wnat a 
L ina. 12-1 UBressa, KXL Wand, 14-1 others. 

5.0 DALMENY HANDICAP (£954: Tty (16) 

400000- OH 
120080 WATTS 
ooo<-2t thy^H 

000088 TRADE HK! 

, 242108- VBMEHH— 
200803 BARKS STM (LI 


f McGee) MBhaWn988l 

vM BraoWSHorton 4-8-2 . 

W Daiys aStt 68-1 

■ CtmOwiWn 4-7-Q 

-*Ays % SSS 

R Ce rium s 11 
N C oo n o R s n lO 


B 029480 S»Mt£ HAND (toffl (Mss D CSTOift} D Chapnwi SPatTMw® 4 

16 2332- NOIflNSXY p ficyay) N Bycsuft5-&7 MRWUwWenW.l 

_ x. AttoQ D Moflsn 7-8-7 CD*<yw13 

DOWN (Mrs U Ashton) N Bycrot 7^7-8 — .HI 

17 TtiOOOl SUOT 

19 200008 - nornM 

20 840800 FAfMMBEN 


22 0880 GREAT Ma 

E Gout (3) 16 
A Proud 15 


lTIVE (lire K ttoppe) LAs N Mocmiey 4-7-12 JLemiB 

(M VenrainolT Craig 5-6-5 — 
l ChepmanJD dtapran 883- 
ness] DTnora 4-6-3 

3-1 Lowly Sudwfiy. 4-1 Apple Mm 8-2 afcrt Jaraey, 8-1 IMy Buev, 8-1 
VMnding, 10-1 Screes, 12-1 Golden Fancy. 14-1 qttor*. 

3-1 Tty Scoter. 7-2 MeTs Choice. 4-1 O.L Oyston. 5-1 Alnashme. 8-1 Mattr, 8-1 
Bamas Star. 10-1 TYade High, 12-1 otters. 

•« -ro ’ 


Going: heavy (7 JO am inspection) 

2.15 SLOW THAW NOVICE HUW3LE (4-y^: £S4& 
2m 330yd) (8) 


, 2 8114 PREBaifW(DWRGWRicharth9-ll4 — Pluck 

4 2210 BM0E ffi-0) j ’vi 'Aynstey 1811-4 CHhMm 

5 4120 HR BAKBtJM Jettison B-1V2 S Chariton 

6 2ftJP COOL P tlM> F JasJn Ml-'i — 

•9-0211 RAHWTHM^FTWWton 11-1812 Hr J WBHob 


: (C) V Thompson 81 0-0 _ 

... 11-7-. 
114) — ^ 

S Chariton ’ 
— , PTecfc 

i 0128 nescAmiamMftoririon 

4 OOPO LOW HOORMJW Epsteray 11 — 

6 300 PAOOOA PWNCE C PartW 11-0 — 

7 0023 fiHAKTtt BLACK GWradwttolW) 

8 0 SOVEREIGN LAD GM MOOT* 1 VO . . . . _ *T 

11 IPO UJBUS Hr* B BritotworthlM IfeeBMtoiwedh 

, 2 00 UttARSOHANCSVTl*>nto**l® 


7-4 Descartes, 82 Smart in Black. 11-2 Pagoda Mw, 6-1 
LunvRomwtoB. 81 Littus. 181 Sovereign Lad. 12-1 tthars. 

Carlisle selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Smart in Black-2.45 Paraglo. 3.15 
Bjckerstaffe- 3.45 Preben Fur. 4.15 Meister.4.45 
Prying Parsons. , 

2.45 SNOWSTORM NOVICE CHASE (£1,024; 2m) 

5-4 Rem The Thor. 11-2 Preben fie-. 81 Mr Baker. 81 Binge, 
181 Cool Mbbk. 12-1 Another Reme. 

3m) (B) 

1 P11P HEHTBBJA0W812M PScadmue 

2 2031 HR 8POTR Shiah 8-1V10 lhR$hW«t7) 

4 F334 FINE STEEL<B) B Mctean 811-2 REmatae 

5 FI HOOWT UMlHt EW A Stophenson 7-11-2 — Rtra* 

G 2PQ0 PMNCEffl«TGWRlchafds 811-2 DCtaktoj 

7URPP ffiAL H00N JWRBdkm 811-2 5 Chariton 

9 2-PP BATBMHDA F T Walton 81811 ttJWUan 

10 0043 WOLD SONG MraCCtark 181811 CPfcriott 

11-4 Matter. 7-2 Ft# SMI & Mr 
Prince Sweet 181 Safinanda. 14-1 

330 yd) (11) 

3 010 IWINB PARSONS (C-D) KM CMwf 811-10 -TO Dun 

5 ARAMMMC Mbs Z Green 81 1-3. JayMTbtmpCM(7] 

6 00/4 DARASTAR 5 G PejpB 7-11-8 s — — — 

11 HOP DAWS TREASURE R F Fitter 811-3 — H Heavier 
14 P WE CALL MW Betty 811-3 * 

21 0 lAIO RACK DJ Moorhead 811-3 DC wdeO (n 

81 Wold Song, 81 


UMP BJEFJasttl8TI-3> 

9-4 Historic House, 81 Butt Fur* & Shorter Prims. 13-2 
Paragto, 81 Awai Oek- 

2m 330yd) p) 

I T Tn4 *BSSi 

is MBwhs acJSS 

27 0008 ROYAL REPLYWG Read 811-3 

29 0034 SUNBUO lee 811-3 

30 0^)0 SWIRL HOWE W A Staphenson 811- 
33 088 CARAT STICK FT Mritoff 81812 __ 

11-8 Prytog Parson, 81 SunUa, 9-2 SwM Howe, 81 David's 
■nreeau reTro-l Barastar. 181 Laid Back, 181 others. 

• The South Hatch Racing Club are running a 
competition at this week's two-day Epsom Spring 
meeting to reward the most successful stable. A 
prize of £200 will be presented to the lads 
from the winning yard and a champagne dinner 
for four will belaid on for the leading trainer. 
South Hatch's managing director. Heather Pm, 
wife of the Epsom tranter. Arthur, said: “Ii « of- 
ten the case that those at the grass roots of racing 
are overlooked in presentations of this kind." 

Course specialists 


TRAMERS: N Cateqhan. 7 vriraws from 
28 runners. 25%; M Prescott, 17 tram 68. 
25%; I Victors. 8 from 32, »%- „ 
JOCKEYS: A ShOrils. 6 rttmars frorn 24 

rides. 25%; G DuRieU. 26 from 140, 
18 l 0%; M Bkch, 17 Drora 105, 1&2%. 


TRAMBIS: J Wabhw. 17 nrinners tram 95 
runners. 17JW.; R PBririrs, B tram 51. 
15.7V, K Betty. 10 tram B4J1-9Jk 
JOCKEYS: R Hwtt, 6 ttwars tram 30 
rides, R Lamb, 10 toon 83. 155%. 


TRAMERS: 3 Metlor. U winners from S 
rumen. 32.8V R Annytago, 9 from 46. 
1BS%: D Ourtrioa 18 from 96, 
JOCKEYS: PTbubta. 14 womens tnxn70 
rides, 20%; R Rows. 25 from 151 , 108%; 
H Davies. 10 from 68. 14.7%. 

TRAINERS: A Scott 9 wmnans tram » 

runners. 32.1V C Thorraon. 9 ftwn 28 

32.1V G Rtchards, 37 bom 190, 194%. 

JOCKEYS: J J O NeO. 18 wmners tram 93 

ndes. 193%; N DoupWy. M taniK 

1&3V Mr J Walton. Strom 56. 14JF&. 

Leaders on the Flat 


M HEasterby 

61 __ 

C Morgan 
M McCormack 


4 4 

6 -31.21 

6 3 3 19 -392 

6 11 1 +31.00 

0 1 
4 3 
2 1 
3 1 

0 +12J24 
7 -1.75 

9 49.75 

2 40J5 


Pal Eddery 




J Lowe 

h tor m < 

IS a 12 

11 10 7 

9 8 7 

9 2 6 
9 5 7 
8 6 11 
6 11 5 

6 3 2 

7 +11 JM 
0 -17.18 
0 -323 

11 +24.26 
9 -20.57 
2 -M.17 
0 -14.63 
28 +368 

Two courses 
to inspect 

Today's scheduled meeting at 
Wolverhampton was aban- 
doned after stewards inspected 
the course and found it 

There are also inspections 
planned for two of today's other 
meetings, at Carlisle (7.30) and 
Southwell (8.00k However, no 
problems are reported at the 
other scheduled programmes, 
those at Edinburgh and 



(181); a Rana Pratap 

Flush {20 

'A Gunner (12-1): Z Ptfnach 
. (11-1L 4. 

Rare 13-2 tan. 21 ran 

(2O-0. rn*r 


tewj.3. Hrilgato (81). 9 ran. 

. Rumng 

Z301 .Fauriua^-ua.LBad 0nTBna(7-4 

Lunar (9-2); 2. Someone 

: 3, FWtwY (4-1 tarf. 14 ran. 
1 (16-2); i Eagtoig (9-2); 3. 

39 1. 


1301 L 

Gold And Ivory (13-8 fay 8 ran.” 

4JM, Ataua ffi-4 tavj; 2. snadas ot Ntta 
(2-1); a Four Laris (181). 11 tan. tffl: 
ASatays A Lady. 

430 1. Sir Pney (4-1); Z Amir Atoadaia 
(11-4 lav); 3. Dusty OoAar (4-1). 12 ran. 
NR; Gay Caruso. 


2JM. DemdariH (11-2): 2, Btuomede(11- 

Bmsag 7-2 1 
ran. NR: Mistar Rom. Dick KnigM. 

3D 1. Sure Btoda (2-7 favL Z Supreme 
Kingdom (33-1): 3. Marti (33-1). 5 ran. 
3381. Powder Kag (8840 tarttZ Amigo 
Loco [*-1h X Melody Park (82). 7 ran. 
43 i. Saw Hgh (5-1): 2. Restless 
Rtrapoody (81 lav): i Hoboumes Kane 
(14-1). 9 ran. 

430 1. Haaay Brigade (7-4 lav): 2. Auction 
Mm (81): 3, Alpiia Hat* (81). I7ran- NR: 
Bradbury Haft. 


1, Sooititt SknMr (11-1): 2. Joint 

Sowrakpny (182); 3. Beaker (20-1). Buck 
Up 84 rev. 13 raa NR: Ancona Oust. 

2. Cortwe ( 12 - 

Casa Krtpe 

Pawtynnn »-li lavfc Rirero Ed^(l81) 
5 ran. 

3.15 1 . Tatiana Lord (25- it 2. Yerioo (82 
tt-fayn 3. Smal Norte (82 Jt-tov). 6 ran. 
Mv: Dutch Lord. 

345 1. NewBto Comeetion (821: 2. 
Karanomore (10030); 3. Direct Una (15-8 
NR; Super S 

tavj. 5 ran. NR; Super Sc 
4.15 1. liner (82 fc&yt: 


Z Ctraarie CHet 

(1 1-2): 3 Youflhtf (5-2 Jt-tavK 8 ran. 

445 1. Last Grain (8 l);Z HrmPnnee(8 2 
tavL Z Teret Canto (12-1). 29 ran. Wt 
Edge Grey. SBent Manual. Pauper Moon. 


2D 1, Tsn*a» (81); 2. Dehrtas Prince «- 
Ik 3. Mr Cnattam (381V New Times 7-2 
tav. 14 ran. NR: Rushoise. Panflyne s 

L0 1. Upturn Kafty (181): 2. Bob TisdaB 
1 1-1): 3. Master Andrew (25-1); 4. Zipanb 
(14-U Prmcess Hecate 81 taw. 22 ran. 
330 1. Btohops Yam (5-8 fnv): Z Lantting 
Board (81): 3. Care (181). 7 ran. NR: 

2rP*lT R«a Judgam en l (1-2 taw); 2. 
Musso (5-JQ; 3. Laurence Ramtter (81). 7 

430 1. Upturn Gamble (9-4 I art; 2. Dark 
Comic (58lt 3. Wittar Goeat Tticu (3-1). 
14 nm. NFL Marston Moor. Rosu Oh. 


2.15 1 . Sweet Gemma (9-1): 2. Hot G« (8 
5 tav), 3. My Myra G-1). li ran. _ „ 
245 1. Heart Ot &na (12-1); 2. Baton 
PaBace (10830); 3 Are “ ' 

(85 lawk 2 Royal Gunbli 
p-4): 3. Brass cnange(i81J.ofan. 
k. 15 1. WaWi Ott (81): 2. tt-m Fbr Gaia 
(7-1);3.Swa Budget (1 3-2). Tigerwood 8 
1 tow. 15 ran. 

■*-45 1. Bto*r A Berf4-5 tav^'Z Ladnek (15- 

Z Royal Shoe 

(4-7 taw); 2 

12 raa 

2): 3. Tal (181). 14 raa 
5.15 1 , KhtaB Hank (12-1): ! 
(4-1tZRos»'3 Deal (12-1). 

(4-1);a Rosie 
4 lav. 10 ran. 
545 l. . 


Blinkered first time 

EOBffiURGH: Z0 Raas. 430 K O bstond. 
5.0 Single Hand. 


Going: soft 

2m) (17 runners) 

1 B1F0 BONFIRE (B) P R Heoger 811-3 HRidunta 

2 9014 C0LDHAIB0UR LAD jc-Q)ELBcew 811-3 P Quasi 

3 PP; BEELBOH JR Baslev 81811 H Bosley (4) 

4 POM BUNS LAD NLWOKSEon 81811 SUoore 

£ 00 CrrYtaJCXERSMe6ar 81811 GOraftosJuus 

7 0 HORGAMSWALK 8 J wee 81811 RROwefl 

5 P RARFY MW Keegan 81811 J Akahurat 

12 F29 TEtflJEH TOPIC DM GnsseO 81811 C Brawn 

!5 00 WHBKEY TtHE J Jenuns 81811 — 

17 0P4 MPBHAL ROSE R Cutis 7-186 RHcGMm 

1SFFS4 tAMPSTONE P O Haynes 8186 BPtonti 

19 LLOYDS DARK LADY DMGnsseC 7-188 — 

2! OOUO RUe-IHi-OAY ST Hams 7-188 

. E Murphy (4) 

2 -RKO STRAKBIT GW A J Taylor 8104 HrATaytor 

25 TOM S7HEET LEVEL fl«(J Co* 8186 RRom 

1 M DTniswr 8 l 86 

K T0ATSLAS5M D Truster 8186 Mas S Bdtter (7) 

29 000 F VENETIAN PRMCESS A Moore 8 IM GMoore 

81 Bonfire. 4-1 Coidnartxxir Lao. 81 Cay SBcker. 13-2 
render Tope. 81 Wtaskey Time. 181 Lamps one, 12 -i Bums 
Lao. 14-1 Beetogn. Venetian Process. 181 others. 

10 PPF UONKTCN ML p Duiosee 7-180 . . BPowetl 


181 C-OJ Afeenust 

30 0232 MEBCV LESS U j Boeon 7-180. GMoore 



22 P/P-P SERVILLIA (DC W Srcwtnng 1810-0 ..... — 


18 I 8 OM 1 M P Fttch-heyes (7) 

24 00 ( "PP LUCYS WILLING H fi Eeai^r 12-10-0 . — 

1 1-4 Brown Veal. 10830 Mercy Less. 4-1 tosier Donut. 81 

Membno^e. 81 Mourn Feaoane. 181 Monkian Rfl. 12-1 
ServiUe. 181 omers. 

2m) (8) 

2 0223 BATU IB) (C-D) DU Groses 811-8 - — 

4 0032 MGMTY STEEL (C-D)N Lee- Judson 8! 1-2.. S Moore 

8 1F0Q MLADO (C-D) A s Neavei 18 I 81 O . .. C Warren (7) 

9 Of SO BRAVE C T Wlten 8186 - -- Mas S Belcfter (7) 

12 B044 HGH HEAVEN (C-O) A Moore 8183 G Moore 

16 0000 ALOIS Mrs A firttfi 8181 - S Eerie |4) 

20P0-W RED EMERALD MW Keenan 1 1-104) ... JAkrturet 
21 00/00 BYROC BOY R Cures 81 O-O .. R McGinn 

2-1 MKjimy Steel 9-4 Batu. 4-1 AQaOo. 81 iHtagn Heaven. 7- 

1 Alctis, 


Plumpton selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Coldharbour Lad. 2.45 Manna Rccf.3.15 
Brown VeiU.45 Mighty SieeL4.J5 Pukka Major. 
4.45 San Carlos. 

(Amateurs: £1,024: 2m 4Q (10) 

1 121B HANNA REff tp)J A Edwards 81 1-10 HR 

4 €001 OOtSTOHOBO B Underwood 8187 1 

EASY r Parker 8181 Bl 


7 0PP0 ASTROSYN mC James 8188 

10 1803 WOWER MU. M Casta* 14-180 ftfem 
ft OOPP l£S DANCER A J Ourwi 7-180 Mbs T Mfeafcoct (7) 

13 OQ/P OVMBTONCOURThtiss SChanpion 

18180N Ctoifee 

15 800 USTED ARRIBA KGIMngrore 11-180 L Lay 

15 P2P0 JUPITER'S GEM R Thompson 8!80_ A Forte 


18180T TtaoBiKM Jonaa 
4-3 Manna Reef, 81 Armagnac Wizard, 81 Drive Easy. 18 
1 Wonder HU. 281 omers. 

If) (10) 

5 4-P3 MtSTBI DONUT E B SwaflteJO 811-7 C Brawn 

9 131- «OWNVaL K >D,RCA n n ? ^ e ^ (7j 

13 3200 HEMBRDGE P Dutosea 11-183. R Denwoody 

4.15 PEVENSEY NOVICE CHASE (£1.024: 2m) (9) 

I 1022 HOPE GAP (BlFGHotte 1811-8 G KnigM 

3 2342 PUKKA MAJOR (USAlfDKBF) O Sherwood 

811-lMrT Thomson Jones 

6 00 UB PINING C Holmes 7 - 11 - 0 . K Bufte (4) 

9 P20 TENOBt TOPIC DM Gns&el 8ll-0._ — 

11 FOOD TUTHHJ. BOND PBAIngnam 811-0 HDavieo 

12 WHAT A FIOOU LJ Bowman 81 1-0 Mas S Botcher (7) 

14 DOROTHY MIGNT C T HAtoR 7-189 .... — 

15 PF03 IBZZC LIZZIE J R BosJey 8100 M Bosley (4) 

16 P/OF WEALTHY Mrs VMciUi 18189 CMamr 

Evens Pttka Major. 84 Hope Gap. 7-1 Puung. 81 Wealttiy. 

18T otters. 

£54fi: 2m) (12) 

4tnoi inswap (in A Moore Mi-i GMoore 

5 2083 SAN CMLOSMJBolUn MI -1 RRown 


14 3002 CMMS0N BOLD J R JenUns 4-1810 — 

15 0000 EAST STRSnn IN G Tumor M810-.. CWhimQ) 
20 0 UTILE DICKENS E L Beaver 4-1810 P Goes 

26 00 BLABfS WNNE Pat MrtctMU 4-185 ._ W Sands 

27 FP CLAI REGATE A S Neawas 4-185 — 

29 00 KALBWPONG P Butler 8185 MFertong 

32 3042 MBS NEVER HYDE (B)MC Pipe 4-185 -~ 

34 OF RALEIGH GAZELLE WGTwnor 4 - 185 . G0W 

35 WINTER GALA D A Oughtoo 4-10^ PDoitte 

11-4 San Carlos. 10830 Mslmf. 4-1 Miss Newer Hyde. 7-1 

Crimson Bold. 181 Wintor Gau. Breakfast Car. 12-1 Raleigh 
Gurte. 14-1 UWe Dickens. 181 omers 


Going: heavy (8.0 am inspection) 

2.15 LAXTON NOVICE HURDLE (£1,042: 2m) (14 

1 011 READY TOKEN (SWE) (CD) A Smtt 811-13 — 

2 11 FREE TO GO (D) M Naugmon Ml -7 M Haomond 

5 BATEASE W VRtVton5h813 JJffHeU 

6 BOUNCING BABUSBuri 81813 — 

B 000 EMMAMZERCTnetbw 7-1813 A Sharpe 

16FPM BOSSAUP Broome 18180 Mr R Botany 17) 

17 2000 FLYING MISTRESS (Q J WBOtier 8180. II Jettma (7) 

1844003 BALLYDQNAGH D Nugent 13-10-0 MBmritiy<7l 

84 Vaiaso. 82 Door Step. 11-2 BaHyOonagh. 81 Acarau, 
81 MByanncor. 181 Rymg Mrsness. 281 BossaU. 

(£1^62; 2m 74yd) (8) 

1 lU BROWN SW0NT 8 Brown 812-7 R CtiapoUM (4) 

3 tara ALDRO (C-D) W Clay 18l 1-7 SJOWeP 

. G Ewans (7) 

10 0U8 EYlON WLADV K B WtSU 81813 

11 GRANGE HLLGnLJJa(tarson8181S.. 

14 IBSSRJ3RAL CENTRE JhW 8181 3 — 

15 802 IBSTY PARK GH Jones 7-1813 

16 MOST UPSET Mrs 0 Barren 5-1813 

21 0030 RATNMEJ. SYICE J Needftam 81813 — 

33 0 SPECIAL VENTURE O O'NeR 81813 — 

38 00 ROSE CONE Mrs PShf 4-187 

40 PC TWILIGHT AJR Mrs A Hainan M87 — fcksS lln taian 

7-4 Free To Go. 10830 Ready Token. 4-1 Misty Park, 81 
Rosie Cone. 181 Rathmll Syfce. 181 Specal Ventura. 181 

3 (QF2 ALDRO(80)Waay 1811-7. — 

4 2PP0 NEWGROVE LAD F Carr 1 1-1 1-3 

. S Jobnsaa 
— J Bryan 
. J SaSwra 


Southwell selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Ready Tofeett2.4S Hideedeeboo. 3.15 Door 
Siep.3.43 Ayle Hero. 4.15 ManiDeau. 4.45 
Rocky's Gal- 


T 041- BURLEY HKL LASS E WtttfBr 81 1-12 6 Saritfl Eoctac 

2PPFP ABJADR Woodnouse 811-10 — 



5 0324 LOGCABBIWi 


81 1 -lOOeie MeKeaMi (7) 

MDWonsofJ 81 1-10 PDerer 

811-10 CCtey 


)J Norton 811-10- HrS Woods (7) 

7 0034 TRIAD TREBLE J H Joflnson 811-10 — 

10 P WOODLANDS WKHJC Doyle 811-10 — 

12 00 0REAU ONCE MORE TKeraay 81 1-S_ 

16 0000 QUEEKS8UHY UZ R Joftrey 811-5 

17 P0 Rtmrs RIVER RCnampion 811-6 — 

18 3130 HIDEEDEEBOO (C-D) G M Moore 4-11.2. to Hammond 

20 000 JACXM THE GffiENF Jordan 4-189 R Hyeri 

21 OUR DUDLEY Mrs R Barren M89 S Johnson 

23 0CFP SILVER DUCAT B Richmond MO-9 — P Comghan (7) 

25 3P0 PLL TAKE A k«JWYK Morgan M84 — 

27 0000 RAM Mi. P Brennan 4-184 MBramwt 

29 200 MAID HARBd (B) K Motgwi 4-184 — 

81 Hideedeeboo, 7-2 Log Cabin. 81 Trtad Trabto. 81 
Buney Hffl Lass. 81 Maid Manner. 181 111 Take A Melody. 181 
Sever Ductat «-t otters. 

110yd) (7) 

1 2P0B ACARtHEPW Hares 1812-7 DSbwe(7) 

2 01 PI VELESO J King 81813 (5ax) S SarifiEccles 

3 -0P2 DOOR STS* jfnmyRizawwd 181811 MDwyar 

12 0230 UAYANHCOR R A Periuns8l80 R Crank 

5 0000 MARMA STAR OO'NM 7-11-2 J Suten 

B 044F AVLE HERO <80| J Wander 7-18(0 GMcCUurf 

11 F203 STUBBS DAU&nER (C-O) K BaJoy 9-10-6 — 

14 0F44 TUMBLE JNI T Cwnwiflham 

7-KHMtiS Cunabuhan (7) 

15 0020 PQS7DVNE (C-D) W G Marm 11-180 fl Crank 

84 Stubbs Daughter. 81 Postdyne. 4-1 Ayte Hero. 81 Tumble 
Jim. 81 Aldro, 12-1 omens. 

(amatuers: £630: 3m 110yd) (13) 

2 P-04 DUKE OF SAfMGUAY G Ford I2-T2-0 SOwl ey(7) 

3 3001 EASY FELLA WBamettl 2-124 — 

4 4 FREDDIE TEAL U»M Strawson 812-0 P Strawson Q 

5 P/P GLENBOWER WOOD R Kertooi 12-12-0 . R Morris (7) 

6 0 JUST A JIFFY M Howard 1 1-180 Mm L Howard (71 

7 PP-0 KULA Mrs C Tamer 812-0 — _ Mm P Suramy (7) 

9 LITTLE BURDON Mss J Smith 812-0 — 

10 2-32 MARTWEAU (BF) Mrs A V#ar 7-12-0 — S Cowell (7) 

11 F80 MUSSEL BED H Hodge 9-12-0 M»JHorige(7) 

12 FP-4 OWEN SHERRY W Butow-Long 812-0 - W Wales (7) 

14 OJF SHACWN BRIG (B) Mrs CQsoome 812-OS Ridley (7) 

17 0/P TIPO R Ban 8180 — 

15 3/2 ACUITY K Edwards 811-9 GGodaJdi(7) 

9-4 Martineau. 82 Fredcba Teal. 81 Just A Jiffy. 11-2 Acurty. 8 
1 Duke Of Saraguay. 181 Owen Sherry. 12-1 others. 


1 2-00 POLISH (C-D) J Spearing 81 1 -i0 A Webb 

6 1-41 WXacrS GAL WHottton 811-1 K Towrrend (7J 

13 0000 HARESCEUC31 (B) N Gasetee 8186. Mr P McEwan (7) 

15 -001 WOODWAV (D)DWinite 810-4 A Cmrofl 

17 P000 MITHJM |D) B Praace 8182 — R Sareue 

IS 1000 WAR AND PEACE (C-O) R Hoad 7-182 .... M Hoad (7) 

26 0000 APPALACHMH (BKO) C M4ler 7-10-0 P Werner 

27 -400 CANARM* (B) E WK&t? 8180 R Crat* 

28 0000 MISS MALINOWSKI (BHCtW Ctay 6-10-0 .... J A Hams 

30 OOUF FAIR CITY F Gibson 8180 Dale Hckeown 

11-10 Rocky's Gal. 11-4 WooOway. 81 Hatesceugh. 7-1 
Polish. 181 War And Peace. 12-1 Moira. 14-1 otters. 

• Maysoon's victory in the Fred Darling Stakes 
has impressed Corals, who have reduced her price 
for the 1.000 Guineas from 10-1 to 7-1. Michael 
Siouie's other runner. Sonic Lady, is 5-4 
favourite. In the 2,000 Guineas Dancing Brave is 
7-4 favourite. 

Court of Justice of the European Communities 










3 — 





■ K m 








,- p r 
















;* % 

Rights of 
of migrant 

me Netherlands ▼ Ann 
Florence Reed 

Before Judge U- Ewriin&actmg 
as President, o' 

Koopmans. *l R- 

Joliet, O. Due, Y. Galinqt, C N. 
Kakouris-TJF .0 'H.b&o= vi 
F. A. Schodcwefler 
Case No 59/85 
(Judgment g» v en April i /] 
Advocate General ?■ O- “-“L 
The right granted by a mem- 
ber state to its own nauooab: to 
be accompanied by ^partner 

in a stable ra* atl0nsi, ^ t 2 h 5 
than a spouse or a natiomti o 

that member 

advantage which h^therefore 
to be granted lo EEC mwam 
worked under same co^ 
ditions as were appli^“e " 
nationals of the member state 

concerned. : . _ . 

On November 5, 1981 Miss 
Re^L a UK national, arrived m 
the Netherlands where, on Janu- 
ary 22, 1982 she was registered 

at the VrcemdeUngendienst 

(Aliens Office) antf declared tint 
die was seeking work although 
she was subsequently unable to 
•■find anv. 

On 'March 24, 1982 she 
applied for a residence pennitra 
order to be afjfe to five with Mr 
W. The latter was also a UK 
national who bad been working 
in the Netherlands since 
November 5. 1981 and who, on 
February 23, 1982. was issued 
with a residence permit of 
limited duration as a national of 
an EEC member state. - • 

Miss Reed and Mr W who 
were both unmarried, bad had a 
stable relationship for approxi- 
mately five yeara. • • 

On October 21, 1982 the 
Minister for Justice, rejected 
Miss Reed’s application for a 
residence permiL Smce her 
application fora review of that 
decision did not have suspen- 
sory effect she applied, to > the 
SSident - of the 
(District Court). The Hague for 
an order requiring the' Nether- 

lands to refrain front adopting 
an y measure resulting in her 
deportation pending a final 
decision on her request for the 
issue of the residence permiL 

The President granted the 
application, however the State 
appealed against that order to 
the Gerechtshof (Regional 
Court of Appeal). The Hague, 
which upheld the order. 

The State further appealed 
against the judgment of the 
Gerechtschof to the Hoge Raad 
der Nedfirianden (Supreme 
Court of the Netherlands) which 
referred three questions on the 
interpretation of European 
Community law to the Coun of 
Justice of the European 
Communities for a preliminary 

It appeared from the file that, 
under the State's policy on 
aliens, an alien who naA a Stable 
relationship with a Netherlands 
citizen or with another person 
who enjoyed an unrestricted 
right of residence in the Nether- 
lands could be authorized to 
remain in the Netherlands un- 
der certain conditions. 

In its judgment the European 
Coon of Justice held: 

It was appropriate to deal first 

with the question whether, in 
certain circumstances, a person 
wbo had. a stable relationship 
with a worker was to be treated 
as his “spouse" within the 
meaning of article 10(lXa) of 
Council regulation 1612/6$ on 
freedom^ of movement for work- 
ers within the Community. 

Pursuant to article 1B9 of the 
EEC Treaty, regulation 1612/68 
was of general application, bind- 
ing m its entirety and directly 
applicable in all member states. 

it followed that the Court's 
interpretation of a provision of 
the regulation would have con* 
sequences in all of the member 
stales and i^ar an interpretation 
of legal concepts based upon 
social changes was to be made 
by an examination of the situa- 
tion in the whole of foe Commu- 
nity and not that of a Single 
member state. 

Article KXU of regulation 
1612/68 conferred upon certain 
members of foe “family" of foe 
worker, including his “spouse”, 
whatever their nationality, “the 
righi to install themselves with a 
worker who is a national of one 
member state and wbo is em- 
ployed in the territory of an- 
other member state". 

In the absence of any indica- 
tion of general social develop- 
ments which would justify a 
broad intejpreiation. and in the 
absence of any contrary indica- 
tion in foe regulation, it was 
necessary to find that, by using 
foe word “spouse’’, article ID of 
the regulation referred only to a 
relationship based upon 

Article 7 of foe EEC Treaty 
provided that “within foe scope 
of application of this Treaty — 
any discrimination on grounds 
of nationality shall be 

It was therefore necessary to 
establish whether foe possibility 
of being accompanied by a non- 
married partner fell within foe 
scope of application of foe 
Treaty and should consequently 
be assessed in foe light of foe 
principle of non-discrimination 
set out in article ? and. more 
specifically, in article 40 in foe 
context of the freedom of move- 
ment for workers within foe 

Given that according to The 
order for reference. Mr W was 
an employed worker, it was 
necessary to examine foe ques- 
tion more specifically in the 

light of articles 48 and 49 of foe 
Treaty and of the provisions of 
secondary legislation adopted 
for foeir implementation, in 
particular Council regulation 

Article 7(2) of that regulation 
provided that a worker who was 
a national of another member 
state "shall enjoy the same 
social and tax advantages as 
national workers". 

As the Court had previously 
held foe reference to “social 
advantages" in article 7(2) could 
not be interpreted resirictively. 

The advantages which the 
regulation extended to workers 
who were nationals of other 
member states were “all those 
which, whether or not linked to 
a contract of employment, are 
generally granted to national 
workers primarily because of 
foeir objective status as workers 
or by virtue of the mere fact of 
foeir residence on the national 
territory and the extension of 
which to workers who are 
nationals of other member 
states therefore seems suitable 
to facilitate their mobility 
within foe Community* (Case 
207/78. Mi rust ere Public v Even 
[19791 ECR 2019. 2034). 

Thus foe Coun had held that 
the reduction of public transport 
fares for foe benefil of large 
families [Crist ini r SMCF 
([1975] ECR 1085)) of foe 
possibility of using one's own 
language in criminal proceed- 
ings before the courts of the host 
member slate iMinisiere Public 
v Mutsch. (The Times July 29, 
1985)) were social advantages 
within the meaning of arude 
7(2) of regulation 1612/68. 

In that spirit it had to be 
accepted that the possibility for 
a migrant worker to be granted 
foe right for bis non-married 
partner, not being a national of 
foe host member state, to be 
allowed to reside there with 
him. could contribute to his 
integration into foe society of 
foe host country and therefore 
to the achievement of the objec- 
tive of foe free movement of 

In those circumstances, that 
possibility had also to be re- 
garded as felling within the 
concept of a social advantage 
within foe. meaning of arude 
7(2) of regulation 1612/68. 

It had to be concluded there* 
from that a member state which 
granted such an advangate to iu 

national workers could not 
refuse it to workers who were 
nationals of other member 
states without discriminating on 
the ground of nationality con- 
trary to articles 7 and 48 of foe 

On those grounds, the Court 

1 Article 10 (I) of regulation 
1612/68 could not be inter- 
preted as meaning that a partner 
who had a stable relationship 
with a worker who was a 
national of a member state 
employed in foe territory of 
another member state should, 
under certain conditions, be 
treated as a “spouse" within the 
meaning of that provision. 

2 Article 7 of foe Treaty, 
combined with article 48 of foe 
Treaty and article 7(2) of n^ula- 
lion 1612/68. was to be inter- 
preted as meaning that a 
member stale which allowed its 
nationals to obtain permission 
for their non-married partners, 
who were not nationals of that 
member state, lo reside on its 
territory, might noi refuse to 
grant the same advantage to 
migrant workers who were na- 
tionals of other member states. 







i fill 

uld he 
p to a 


is for 

■5 are 



7i has-' 
ts. Mr 

r) — 

li his 
- $c: 
>. on 

> has 

■ IP* 


5 ■ 

pii — 
nc a 
Jn : ey 

y gtrl 



First 1,000 to finish in world’s biggest race 

— • * Morfl 

1 Toshihito Seko 2.1002 

2 Hugh Jones 2 : 11:42 

3 Alii star Hutton 2:1236 

4 Pat Petareen <US| 21256 

5 Menmet Terri (Turkey) 2 . 13:02 

6 YutaKa Kanai (Japan) 2 : 13:42 

7 Henrik Albahn (Den) 2 : 14:34 

6 leuan Efts 2 : 14.30 

9 Got Kwemmo {Nor) 2 : 14:48 

10 Cidalio Caetano (Port) 2 : 14:57 

11 Oddmund RoaKJkvam 2:1459 

12 Philip O'Bnen a ' lS: i£ 

13 Lindsay Robertson 2 : 15:03 

2-27 16 : P Rawnsley 227 : 19 : Award 
3 * 7 * 5 ! C Owen 2 * 7 * 8 ; J Parker 

2 : 32 : 25 ; N Power 2 : 32 : 30 : K Jensen 

2 , ** 7 " 34 " B StsnOen 227 - 55 : P Branni- 
fey o 27 : 46 : M Amaarouk £ 27 : 48 . 

ISO Q JerwooU £ 27 : 4 ft G AaWI 
227 . 56 : S Mrtcnert 227 ^ 5 & J HincTtfW 

anonft- I UTVftnomAcv 2 ^ 6 t 01 ! C 


Sanford 2 : 2824 ; P GibhinQS £ 8839 : 
A Whitfield 2 28 - 31 : P Pudd aH 
228 : 36 : M Stevens 2 * 8 : 37 : G Rogers 
2 : 28 : 42 : J Barker 2 : 28 -. 43 ; M 
Cruickst lank 2 : 28 : 43 : D Whelan 
. - — — 228 : 47 ; K AT* 

newy 25246 ; a Lund 232 : 49 : P 
Standring 2 : 32 : 50 : D As he roll 
2 : 3252 : 

■ u.^rni 

S Almond £ 32 : 54 ; R Latham 2 : 32 : 55 , 
R Donkin 83257 : ! Barton 232 : 68 ; D 
Hawksworth 2 : 33 : 00 : J Collins 

cw-vf. n vtdiur fiuM.ubf r vw-"r 

bell 2 : 33 : 02 ; I Carter £ 33 : 05 ; P Karnp 
233136 ; V Celt 23209 : K Miles 

14 Peter Lytenmann (Sen) 2 : 15:06 

15 Kevin Forster 215:19 

18 Richard Urnberg (Swri) 2 : 15:46 

17 Zhu Shuchun (China) 2 : 15:47 

18 Gyula Borka (Hun) 215:53 

19 Beuterio Anton ( 5 p) 2 - 15:54 

20 John Wtieway 2 : 15:56 

21 Alts JoaJamsen 215:57 

22 KjeH Stahl (Swe) 216^0 

22908 T 

300 R Howells 2 * 3 : 13 ; P Cadman 
233 : 14 : J Undfitom 233 : 15 ; N Chad- 
wick 233 : 15 : R Panter 233:18 N 

23 George Martians (Gre) 216:04 

24 Gerd*Krippner (WG) 2 : 16:19 

25 John Boyes 2 : 16:28 

26 David Long 2 : 16:33 

27 Ahmet AKun {Turf 2 : 16:44 

28 Lawrie Spence 2 : 17:01 

29 Chns Woodhouse 2 : 17:04 

30 CalumBark 2 - 17:08 

31 Werner Grommisch 2 : 17:19 

32 Robin Nash 2 : 17:21 

33 Steve Brace 2 : 17:31 

34 Ossie Anf 2 : 17:39 

35 Peter Russel) 2 : 17:44 

36 Antfew Daly 217:53 

37 Hannu Makinnta 2 : 17:55 

38 Terry Mitchert 2 : 1 8:00 

39 Andrew Girting 218:04 

40 Andrew Evans 218:06 

41 Palle Madsen (Den) 218:22 

42 Charles Haskett 2 : 18:29 

43 Peter Gschwend 2 : 1 B :57 

44 Colin Brown 2 : 19:19 

45 David Hill 21239 

46 Ronald Boreham 21246 

47 William Snegov© 219:47 

48 Simon Axon 2 : 19:53 

49 Zoitan Koeszegi (Hun) 220:11 

50 Jan Vihoimen (Nor) 220:16 

51 P OaH 2 - 20-18 P CswtoII 2 ggffi 

K Maiowski 220:38 G as 220 : 47 ; 
C Sucknall 220 . 57 ; C Kirknam 
221 : 05 : R Smetfey 221 : 07 ; N 
Feathertjy 221 - 20 . A Cote 221 ^ % 
SutcWte 221 : 35 : H Rey 221 : 43 ; D 
McGrath 221 : 53 ; B Natvig 2 ^ 0 . N 
Jooson 2:2202 A Kean 222 <W :0 
MacGregor 22205 ; B Brown 2 * 2 : 06 : 

JU izreTT U I nnnmorn 


Barden 22S ib. w mwppere £££•'£ 
R Ronald 239:18 P Marsh M 822 F 
Day 229 : 23 : D Kelly 2282 J: S 
Btoney 229 : 29 : R wason 2223 i 
Clude ray 22932 R MarshaB 2*9 
K Holmes 229 : 37 : M Wanon 229 
£ Dorong 229 : 38 : O Sorensen 
229 : 39 ; J Moore 2 : 29 . 40 : G » 
229:42 T Meechen 229 . 44 : } - r -, 
229 46 : G Sagna* 229:52 J Snaw 
2 * 9:52 J Potts 229 : 53 : 

200 D Wilde 229 : 56 . PR**** 
2-30.05: S MeyneU 2 : 30 : 05 . R 
Wmward 230 : 06 : R Clerk 23 M 9 : P 
Bryan 830 : 12 ; M GIWjs 23818 ; J 
S/r?._rr».nA.on. e n-mllanhan 

Convery 230 : 20 : S CTcellaghan 
2:30 29:0 Hunter 230 : 38 ; T Cutler 

L Larseon 233 : 33 : S Ke 
M Ralph 233 : 36 ; P Conr*_., 

P Ratleny 2 : 33 : 37 ; E Daley 233 : 37 : D 
Doherty 23239 ; M But 23240 ; E 
Palmer 23242 J Baldwin 23844 : P 
Clark 23246 : K Hwflund 233 : 47 ; J 
Kershaw 23850 ; A Dawes 23853 : M 
Cunningham 2 : 33 : 54 ; P Carter 
233 £ 4 : J Avis 2 . 33 .- 55 : M Bond 
23357 : D Wilson 25358 : M Stemore 
234 - 00 : T Ford 234 : 01 ; P Powell 
234 : 01 : R Bed 234 : 03 : M Church 
234 . 07 ; A Preston 234 .- 08 . G Mann 
234 : 13 , N MiAs 234 : 14 ; A Higgs 
234 : 15 ; G Swindles 234 : 16 ; S JaKj- 
Ston 234 : 17 ; R Huicfwigs 234*2 S 
c»w>M>r vu,l' M Rlettardsan 

urt ’ 1 


244:30: D Brow 24* M Mrr**Q 

gj 5 Scott 2 * 051 : D BrtOtnaB fc&fh D H 5 Xk****&OV*+ 
55 .. a“ 5 £LT -urwa. R Sauam — *■' 

debutants us> 

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244:48 M 

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young aane ws 


9 -ii wTLi vnkteskle 241 - 04 ; □ Frith 244 - 40 ; . _ 

fttswir* aggagr 

°°sss ssss^ss&Su^ 

B-JrtjX? 2:41-18 I Barter 841*0: N Spence 

Leaon* 841 * 1 ; D a Gold 24800; 

QF&e 84448; 

Taytor 24452 4 Bank* 24 4 : 

of the 33 Ijjnden Ponsugw 

«mverf warns, me tnaS 

hsyi inMM m Pgl-January- Resi^ri. 

Bar* 11-11 T. Iterift Ctfien 
pEufatort. 2 OemyOD 
(Bamet); 3^ Martui Snowdon (Bar- 
mfl. Team Bamet 

l*:«r i^sajfiSSS? 

Swwaprwsas wsrtsgawcsjg 

£41 ^-D Taptoi 241 : 41 : J CJMjy goo M TrawS 2 « 5 ; 17 . L —-ar- 
24ll«i J CtSi24142 P Roland 245.-1A R gUPPW 3,24Rl8;_Ra» 

9 - 41-42 B Calvert 241 : 43 : R H* 9 - 45 : 1 9 ; 1 Bauson 245 * 0 . D Quek BuitSL 
ZZlSk TryJ^w. 841-48 R Graves £ 5 ?^ v Qunarrt» 2 < 5 * 3 : A Pear- GM» 

G&SSst. 2 tain VWscn (RadgnMI. 
a Lawrence Freeman (Barney. 
Team: Barrel _ .. . _ 

Boys ^ 17 . Tjbgri^FW_(Wy- 

Andrew Bnggs (KannQey). Team 

|£l 142 TCoBnw 241 - 4 B; H 245 * 3 : V 

9741 -47; P Cannon 241 : 48 ; P m, 2 : 4525 ; M HW 2 * 526 ; A 

Corte “ 

Girls 11-li I. SamP Harpur 


..’tSASPWSaSl’SaB't T 8 ff% 6 S%“wS 5 

230:49; j (Word 230:51; M O’ oonrtbr 
23^52 D Co* 230^6; F Geents 
230.-58: 0 VannootBn 23039; C FrniD 
2*lioft G Wdliams 831 KKh B Boom 
2*1:01: C Hutse 2:3 t .da M Thomas 
2 31:05; H Batw 23V0S: S U»«gj£I! 
2:31:07: P Drust 231:11; t Park 
231:14; A Lamb 231:1ft M Tofluen 
231*1; M Boyle 231*2 P Clark 
231 . 23 ; P Pickup 231:27: D Mart* 
231*6; j Bolton 2:31*9; I Cousins 

234 : 31 : B MdcneU 234 * 1 ; A Canm 
234 : 34 : M CassxJy 234 * 8 ; G 
WUItamsan 234 : 38 ; 

350 D West 234 : 38 ; G Bagnafl 
234 : 41 ; B Mc£«w 234 : 41 ; M James 
234 : 43: 0 Krmht 834 : 46 : J Maddnon 
234 : 47 : W Beardsmone 234 * 1 ; G 
Wheeler 234*2 J Hutton 2 : 3433 ; W 
Hagan 234 * 3 ; P King 234 : 54 ; R 
Evans 234 * 5 ; M Mito 234 * 5 ; M 
McHale 2 * 4 * 7 : P Pierce 234 : 59 : M 


jwiPTsasnMK iss-tHs 

Mootl Twncahy 

s BartQrjr UHW IT- r* ■- r. ewie \T, / 

li^ar (Barnett 2. PefcCxe&*v«r>^.w- 
t B Re ad jog); 8 Chartoge Adarrs (Wast- 

SHgBj ■SSrBffl-S 

. > DnAi 9 A9-Q9-. o wwv B Laodi 245.-41. L scaorer g_ Weyer (nar- 

row?; a Hay ley Johnson (Bamet). 

SSS^ttATSSSs' ^ 

9 - 49 * 8 : H Qumn 

24209 : B 

Team: HWBWig. 

;■$*** w 

231 * 6 - J Bolton z:av^r. i v^ousana Mcnatfl i u« 3 r: r- rw>-» ™r 

831 : 32 ; R HoyteS 231 : 33 ; G Daveon Summers 234 .- 59 : J Pan 233 ^ 3 . K 
. T: .. ,T2,_ TH.*ae. M Mar. , ,CVL1- q amafl 9-tS-n7- A 

2 . 31 : 34 : V Holman 231 : 35 . N Mar- 
shall 831 : 35 : T Jahretoo 2 ^-^. K 
McGeoch 231 : 37 ; P Cawse 2 *l^; J 
Lendmes 831 : 40 . A Ford 231 : 40 : K 
Farmer 231 42 S Bomai MWft C 
Mmni 231 : 51 ; R Atkinson 231*8 

MacKey 235 * 4 .- R AntaB 235 : 07 ; A 
WOod 235 * 7 : A Bennett 2:35X&J 
Atkinson 83514 : M Stacev 2 K* 1 ; 
R Davies 835*8 K Osnes 235 * 3 ; B 
Oen 235 : 33 : J Poston 2 * 5 * 4 ; S 
Riley 235 : 2 ft P Fendtey 835 * 9 : D 

n*m«i ■ • — » — ^ gi w 

250 T Fanon 231 * 4 - D U*M 

235 : 31 ; S 
8 ; R Nevkt 

I®1 1: 57 ; S ari3?lfp B HX !^40; : R 

Bb& I SSfiSKf? m 

ms t R «^ 7 - T tSSr SS 35 K Cte te M mMETI 

45*0: P Crowley 

Wafcar 845 * 1 ; CSw* 

S Barnett 242 : 20 . J 245 : 55 . - v 
24281 : B Richardson FarttxKher^ 24 &S& J 
84222 J Bufier 245 * 6 ; C Dawkins 24 £ 

R Snath 

yorsKW 246 * 4 ; B Pte e ca 248 25 . 5 
Thomas T4 A9& - C Knot 246*1: J 

bSSS £ttnum**auv 

- — - — 9 149,' #5 n Cri mW 7-46:32: 

■ “ Ham- 

fr.n.n c. a naam 24227 ; M 8 lf; vies 24 5 : 5 8 . _ 

ray 848*7 G GRffttS 24638 J 

- J Brecdey 24645: R 

S ftwmer 248 * 0 ; 
B JctWtan 24 ftS 0 : S NMW 2 ^ 6 * 1 ; 

»h«n 242 ^: M gso C North 24552 K g ugHon B xkvWten 2 - 4 ftS 0 : S WMtar 24 &s V. 
_ . 4 arbn 24229 . B 2 : 46 : 00 : C Hewtns 8*6 03 ; 0 MW# p ll tl»>r 24651 " G szeMer 

— B& VSSiia6 5 

laf^aggs^j aa ssaSBH sb d .w^»*^£ 


23215 ; Y Levi 23217 : M McCann A Laki 
23218 : M Smith 232 * 0 : J Giles 2 . 3549 : 
23221 : A Graham 23222 . L Slater 
232 * 3 : M Gratton 23223 ; D Conms — ; 

9 -^-M - R Barker 232 * 4 ; P Fudge Brown - 

l wiki.'i '*-»1 

Walker 24245 : R Afleraano 842 * 7 : Shields ’ 2 * 6 . 16 . G 

8*853; D ncfcawM 246*2 R Howe 
2*652 0 ShWMy S^ft**; A M a w a n 
846*4: G Po5» 846*8 D Norman 

2 * 6 . 15 ; B Ptorarnaj- 246 ct 5 : T & 4 frS(: O Pott 8 * 6 * 6 ; O Norman 
Shield s 24 ^ 7 ; •TJ«*Srta :46 57- 1 S 

ssss sSs^sasss^M «>«<«««« 

- i_ann«ir j „ m-gj, 9 - 4253 : 

299-22 M Bliss 222 * 8 : Y Kan; 
222 - 36 . M Scnwrnd 2 * 2 * 1 : F 
Petersen 82845 ; K Angus 2 * 3 - 01 : K 
McGuire 823 : 04 ; K Davies 2 * 809 . B 
Watson 823 : 19 : 1 Eart 2 * 3*1 , B 
Lockver 2 * 3 * 8 : M McGeoch 2 * 238 . 
G Getty 2*842 T Hawes 223 * 9 . B 
O'Connor 2 * 4 : 08 ; R Camrtrwrs 

224110 : S Markley 824 : i 3 1 _B ScoW a 
224 . 14 ; G Webb 224 : 16: 1 Thompson 

22 * 14 ; G Webb 224 : 16: 1 Thompson 
2 *«: 3 l: J Dirtty 2 * 4 : 34 : T Murphy 
2 * 4 : 37 . R Evans 2 **: 43 : D JenWn 
2 * 4 : 47 ; P Sugden 2 * 4 : 48 : C Roes 
224 : 49 : N Banow 2 * 4 * 0 : 

TOO J Gatdrlng 224:58 M Bradley 

224 * 3 . J Wn^a» 2 * 4 : 53 : G ^ 
2 * 4 : 54 : D OBen 224 : 56 ; L Pratt 
2*4 57 : D Lawson 2 * 4 * 8 ; E Lae 
224 : 58 : M Halvoraen 2 * 5 : 00 : P Mor- 
ns 225 : 17 : D Dixon 2 * 5 : 18 : M 

Had 2 25 44 . K Osullivan 2 * 5 : 50 : R 
Cardaba 225 : 51 : P Proem 2 * 5 : 53 : K 
Meardon 2 * 5 : 55 ; R Bullen 2 * 5 * 8 ; A 
Dent 2 * 6 - 00 : P Atherton 82 & 06 : F 
Baeza 225 : 11 ; T Burgess 226:12 G 
Buchler 2.26 14 : R Me Andrew 
2 - 26 : 15 ; J Strailon 2.26 42 : M 
Woolrich 2 : 26 : 44 ; G Waterson 
2 * 6 : 45 ; J Wilkins 226 : 50 ; R Gibbard 
2 * 6 : 53 ; G Kopp 226 : 54 ; A Wheeler 
826 : 57 . D Powell 22 * 0 l: T Greerv 
wood 2 * 7 : 03 : K Lya» 2 : 27 : 07 ; C 

wood 2 * 7 : 03 ; K Lya» 2 : 27 : 0 ': C 
Vangsgaard 2 * 7 : 13 ; W Domoney 

^.^iSSS'^P^ BrowtTi^WftP WDkinson 836 d) 0 ; 

400 K Pearson 83904 ; M Anthony 
238 : 04 ; P Jeffs 836 : 05 . H Charfwcfc 
826 « 5 : A May 2 * 6*9 J Corker 
2 : 36 : 10 : P Lacoeur 2 : 36 : 11 ; A 
MacBrayne 2 : 36 : 12 : N Wooller 
83 & 14 : ft Stevens 83915 ; J Stevens 
838 . 18 ; p Harding 836 : 19 : R Grove 
2 : 36*8 R Robinson 836 * 5: 0 Good- 
win 836 * 6 ; G Johnson 2 * 6 * 3 , T 
Roden 2 * 6 * 9 : J Gates 23931 ; G 
Momson 836 31 ; M Green 8 ^: 33 ; P 
Miles 836 * 4 ; D Rosen 2 * 6 * 4 : P 
Neighbour 836 . 35 : M O connor 
2 . 3935 : B Crowney 2 * 938 ; P AJden 
83944 : A Rhodes 836 : 44 : D Carter 
836 : 44 ; M Abbs 836 : 46 : D Chaff on 
836 : 46 : M Sharp 836 : 49 ; G Smith 
83950 : J Tognen 836 : 52 : P GtodhU 
83958 J Burgess 2 * 954 ; J (fevto 
2 : 3954 ; J Osullivan 836 * 6 ; R 
Goutdrng 2 : 36 : 55 ; S W/nterton 
2 : 36 : 56 : K SummersqUI 2 * 6 * 7 : M 
Hadnett 2 : 36 : 58 : B Hoklen 836:59 D 
Bradley 2:37 08 J Rees 837 : 03 ; G 
meson 837 : 05 ; G Harrow 837 : 06 : J 
Cottrell 837 : 07 : A Simpscn 837.-09 J 
Lawloc 837 : 11 ; M Smdf) 837 : 18 . 

450 D Hart 2 * 7:18 G Lamb 837 : 13 : 
S Cfc» 237 : 14 ; S Crockford 837 : 15 ; C 
Jackson 837 : 18 : P Causton 2 : 37 : 19 : 
S Noms 837 : 19 : F O connor 2 * 7:19 
J Geoghegan 837 - 20 ; J Parody 
2 : 37 : 20 - J Keeling 2 : 37 : 24 ; G 
Partinglon 2 : 37 * 7 ; B Curt on 2 : 37 * 8 : 
P Sinner 837 : 28 : R Derbyshire 
237:29 D Leahy 837 * 0 : M Jackson 
2 * 7 : 31 ; S Darting 837 * 2 : L Wood 
837 : 34 ; A Connolly 837135 ; K 
Swadkins 2 : 37 : 35 : P Chaiioner 
2 * 7*9 I Fyeon 837 * 7 : R Brad 
837 : 41 ; K Rimedge 837:48 J Booth 

Crete Write o.. way to her «;« « JTS 

fastest marathon at the age 2.37 46 ; l wmid 2 * 7 : 49 ; p Titmne* 

c f 32 . 837 : 50 : W Marshall 2 * 7 * 1 ; A 

yjl ^ ". ^ .w yw*v»- ,•* ^ «.« . — 

TosUhlko Seko and early pacemaker Steve Anders in battle 
during the first half of the race 

D“AbbOtT 2 : 22 * 3 ; E Acton 2 * 2 * 3 : w 
Leam 84853 ; D 1 W K 

Graham 84854 ; P Rees 84 £ 5 &^N 

Rjvrier 84856 : R Aratoreson 84 ^& 
RAgar 84859 W NtchoBs 8^9 B 

BoaSi 84859 R Kamffion 2 rf ^9 A 
Day 84859 : M Rawson 843 .;Q 07 J 
W tuner 843 * 4 . 0 OW 2 ® 

Heskem 2 : 37:58 E LMramanh 
837 : 53 : K Thornton 837 * 5 ; L Kay 
2 : 37 * 8 : D Roberts 83900 ; J Ha«* 
2 * 8 * 1 : C Mowom 838 * 4 ; B Tuck 
2 * 904 : D Evans 838 : 09 : M Bdndge 
838 : 1 1 ; C Astley 838 : 14 : W O'Connor 
838.19 P Dent 2:3818. J Pmscort 
838 : 17 ; A Dagfch 838 : 19 ; A Lowe 
2 : 38 : 20 : T Leech 838*8 

MWdmton 2 * 9:19 J Hole 2 * 921 : P 
r wnn hnyft 839:28 T Lawrenson 
8 »* 3 -R Grace 239 * 4 ; J^toert 
839*9 G Donovan 839*9 D 

Haracut 839 * 7 : B Rogers 8 ^* 7 : R 
H Utter 839 * 7 ; A HoyVirrd 2 *£* 9 T 

Pearson 843 * 9 ; D A ^gmart 84809 
D Richard 843 .- 0 & E Vfeon 


500 R Smith 838*8 S Mmrtty 
83928 P Ouid 838 * 4 ; M Peace 
2 * 8 *S: D Finn 2 * 8 * 7 : G Orrttt 
2 * 8 * 7 ; T Davies 83929 ; P Mtdtugh 
838 * 0 ; K Perratt 8 ^ 30 : M MJwad 
2 : 3931 ; M Edge 838*8 J Condy 
2 * 8*9 S ttetmd 83935 ; R Sun 
839 * 6 ; D Chapman 83936 ; A 
Thompson 2 .- 38 : 37 ; A Newton 
838 * 7 ; R Dance 838 * 8 : D Lindesay 
838 : 39 . J WhrtMy 83940 : G Auson 
23941 ; C Lena 838:48 J J«H«y 
23944 : R Rowe 838 : 45 ; O Ossama 
ali sneet 23945 : K Hcfeard otean 
23946 : G Pwmy 2387 ?; K Cook 
83947 . H Aiken 23943 : D Persona 

SSranid 2 : 39 * 1 : J Daumy 8^*9 
A Davies 2 *^ 33 ; p Lighten 8 39 * 5 ; 
J McOmurm 2 * 836 : A Utvender 
839 : 37 ; P H«er 2*9390 
83939 P Lawrence 239 S»Si«tdv 

U 0-^5 40- N 

Benbow 839 . 41 ; A Clegg 2 * 941 : D 
Sutton 23943 ; P Emerson 2 * 9 * 4 ;T 
Thomlay 83944 ; P Houston 839 : 44 ; 

i£St rttL.’SSki^t. 

D Hicnara xmoc «« c .»« »»■■ 843 .-Q 9 : 
K Smith 2 ^ 09 - A „ 

843 : 10 : D McG ee 248 1 V-^W Wat; 
man 843:12 C He awanfl ggff X 
Peres 843 : 14 : M Man 2 * 3 :lf : A 
Mara 843 : 16 ; V Stokes 843 : 16 ; U 

GMI 8 %-ift p Fostw m 

843*8 6 Nicholson 843*8 S 

83949 ; C Hayward 839 S 9 KWa- 
lunson 83951 ; C Pariah 23958 M 

*l«. . i Xr 

kinson 83951 : C Pariah 23958 M 
Sunm>ere 838*2 J L®J 1 thafl 2^58 
D Yalta 23958 R Bober Z3&S3. R 
J ones 23953 ; K RNWt 2 f 
inker 238 : 53 ; R Grant 23953 : P 
2 M 54 H Qmara 238:% M 
Barnes 238 * 5 : A Steans 23956 : G 
Longiey 83959 . D Lottvar 8 ^K; D 
Mowo 23806 . B Adord 839 : 07 ; G 
Gee 2*809 

550 J Thomas 23910 : E Briggs 
23811 : P Bream 23211 ; B Stewart 
2 : 39 : 13 : K Jenner 2 : 39 : 15 ; C 
Damertanson 239 : 15 ; P Thomas 
239:19 C Scudder 2 * 9 : 19 K CottW 
839 : 17 ; R O mahony 839 : 17 ; C 

cock 239 : 47 ; > mw. — - 
Cook 2 .- 39 .- 50 : 5 Roe 839 * 1 : C 


Newey 83959 

600 H Doe 840*9 M TUnor 
240 : 03 : O Edwards 240 * 3 ; J 
Brownlow 2 : 40 : 03 ; B Kingsley 
24904 ; A Bates 2M£*: P Heines 
£ 40 : 05 ; D Baskerv** 840 ^: JMer- 
edrth 240 * 6 ; 0 Cotenran 24909 P 
Nystrom 240 * 7 ; J Clarke 24907 ; D 
Haracut 840:09 P Gatty 240*9 K 
Culshaw 2 : 40 : 11 : A Thompson 
240 : 13 ; G Mer ce r 240 : 14 : R LewalBn 

Kartsson 243 : 35 : 

800 J HaSiday 243*9 y WeMy 
84939 K Jones 2 * 3 : 40 ; J Gardner 
243 : 41 : R Hurt 24943 ; J HeywOod 
243 : 44 ; W McCtenaghan 249 * 4 ; G 
Tin 24246 ; B Karapsarad Z£*7-. D 
Hoftby 842 * 9 : R «*» 242 Kfc P 

WWrams 243:59 M Long 2 «* 1 ; S 
Payne 24 * 53 ; W Mo «3 2 * 3 * 4 ; 8 

Lepage 2 * 3 * 4 ; G 843 M 

Haycock 243 * 6 ; T One* 24252 B 
Wean 2 : 4357 : R SneKng 24359 S 
Tlxrsk 24368 ; C HMair 74 Sffl; J 
PMmg 243*2 S Efts 244 fl 9 M 
Hems 244 : 01 ; G Jones 844 * 1 ; S 
KeBener 844:08 A BnoekJehurst 
24 i^ Blow 24 *:tg; M S 

244 - 06 . A R uaso rt 24409 N Pt toe C 

2 44 - 07 ; G Ohver £ 44 : 06 ; N Brook* tomOl JK 3 KOHHHHHK 

c ^ Cerrr CTRourke from Imdaod wins the wheelchair athletes* 
Wj* 1 !" race m 2 hrs 26 mins 38 secs* In second place was Mike 

Obrt^244 i>:R S) 844:12 m Bishop, m 2 hrs29mins 14 secs and Chris Haflam was third 
& r ^DddrSfaSiS in 2 hrs 30 mins 59 secs. - ' •... :.. . . . ' 

240 : 14 : P Jacobs 840615 ; A Lenapan 
2 * 0 : 15 " J Voyoz 24915 : H Mao- 
Dorurid 240 ; 17 VR FundaWa 240 : 18 : 
E French 840:12 J Wood 2*919 N 
Watson 240 * 0 ; M Lormon 840 * 0 ; C 
Tucker 240 * 0 : S Wallace 240 * 1 : P 
pSSck 840*2 K Bfis 240 * 3 ; D 
Carrort 840 * 3 ; N Hambrey 240 * 4 ; J 
Llewellyn 2 : 40 : 25 ; T McVIcksr 
2 * 0 * 6 ; V Rutland 240 * 6 ; R Hunter 
240 * 6 : J Pratt 8 * 0*9 B DabrowsM 



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There's one word that’s common to most of Europe at the 


Because with European markets rising 39%* on average 
last year, there's no mistaking the potential. 

And now. Save & Prosper (one of Britain's largest unit 
trust groups) believe the time is right to bring you a new 
interpretation of the European theme. 

Europe. With a higher safety factor. 

Here's why. 


AO the signs in Europe ace adding up to excellent long- 
term growth prospecis. 

•Underdevetoped stock markets that are now attracting 
more and more investors both domestic and foreign — 
and. despite last year’s gains, are still cheap compared 
with other major markets. 

•Improving economies with inflation and interest rates 
under control- 

•Increasing productivity. 

•And co m p a ny profits on their way up -and now helped 
by lower oil prices. 

There's every chance of excellent returns. 

Bui these stock markets are relatively small. (Even Ger- 
many, the largest economy in Europe, has a stock market only 

one third the size of Britain. ) And small markets can be volatile 
- which is why our experts are now recommending a new invest- 
ment mix. 


Our new fund will invest primarily in the major markets of 

Continental Europe in high-yielding equities (mainly of larger 
com panies ), bonds and convertibles. 

A mix that is different from most other European funds. 
Because it stiJJ aims for high growth. But also includes the high- 
yielding equities and fixed interest content for income - and, as 
importantly, for a degree of safety which we believe is sensible 
in these smaller markets. 

And we ought to know. As the first unit trust group to 
launch a European fund 22 years ago, wove had plenty of 
experience in getting the best oat of Europe. 

To: Save & Pngptr Se u ir ki p UtL FREEPOST. Rarofaitf RM1 IBR. 
TekfrtMM : Pne Monr*HneM00282 101 Prtrtd *4g!2M 



Editing ActtMt No- 

I «tab id tnvol Li — 1 (mtobomn £250 fcritUy. £100 sub- 

w^Moify) in Sore & Protper European locroe & Growth Fond at tbc fixed «4fa price of 
SOp per noil to npfdkamra leaned by 2m> Map 1986. aodtatoeq ucntfr at Hie offer price 
per onit prrartrtg on d* day of receipt of my application . 

(BELLE . . BIEN . . WUNPERBAR . . . ) 

1 enclose a cheque made pa.»a b k- to Save A Prosper See nri ttea Limited. I am over 18. 
I VMM IBk dtotriMfomof Income la be retevemd to the jnuchar at Amber anils’. 

R.R' 5IiC C-CfNa. 

□JPleateaatd an demos oTsavtBg&am C 20 a momh. 


Rcs-hiScedMH^ IMR. 

Q *“ rff l — 

You can invest in the new European Income & Growth 
Fund from £250 or from £20 a month - and until 2nd May we’ll 
be holding the price of units to 50p. 

Just complete the coupon or talk to your professional 

You should remember that the price of units and income 
from them can go down as well as up. 

But we believe with this new European investment mix. 
the signs are all good, fn anyone's language. 


OBJECTIVE To provide a mtUlo of h$w-¥*ettng sacune tmesM « Cortnertal Europe. 

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• .!S“5 

Fhre Nations 

Overseas Unlons.. M . 

... v 

. If ^ie sponsors of the Inter- 
nationa] Rugby Football 
Board’s centenary celebra- 
tions^ Save and Prosper, can 
extend . their - generosity to 
making an instructional filny 
of the game played at Twick- 
cnham on Saturday, they wiB 
do British rugby a consider- 
able service. The gulf in 
playing standards between the 
southern and northern hemi- 
spheres yawned wider than 
ever and if the English Colts 
team, in the west enclosure, 
learned as much as they 
should have from the Over- 
seas-side, England may have 
the makings of a good team in 
the future. .. 

But not next year. The 
31,222 crowd who came to see 
the Overseas Unions win by a 
goal, five tries and two penalty 
goals to a goal, a by and a 
penalty, know now why it has 
been to harrowing watching 
the British Lions in New 
Zealand in 1983, England in 
South Africa in 1984 and 
again in New Zealand in 1985. 
There is no time to change 
anything before the first worid 
cup comes round next year.- . 

place in the company. If he is 
not Bigand’s . first-choice 
scrum half now, regardless of 
the fitness of his ri vals, he 
-should be. 

But the combination of 
colossi on the other side was 

irresistible. Uncluttered by the 

dpcnmtf. HArin in “hn {_«* iUn 

Micbae} Doyle, coach to the 
Five Nations XV, said: “The 
difference between the ban 
skiUs of thc Overseas team 
and ourselves, in tight-loose 
situations, backs and forwards 
alike, was a tremendous lesson 
far us and unless we get our 
act together in the schools and 
start playing realistic rugby, 
nolmatter what we do at 
international level, it is too 

.Nevertheless, as a celebra- 
tion of what rugby has to offer 
ai the highest level it was a 
wonderful afternoon, ft is 
hard to -believe Twickenham 

with that scored by Gsrel du 
.Ptessis midway through the 
second half which started on 
the right behind his' own goal 
line and ended in the opposite 
coiner. Hancock’s lung-burst- 
ing effort against Scotland in 
1965 was a long, long by but 
did not involve the s tr e ng th, 
speed, perception and ball 
control of Saturday's. / 

The tone was the old insis- 
tent one played on a newly- 
minted black, yeHow and 
green instrument. The Over- 
seas Unions commanded the 
ball far an hour, absorbed 
everything the Five Nations 
could offer and when they had 

nothing left, ran in four glori- 
ous tries. No blame should be 

ous tries. No blame should be 
attached to the home , side: 
they tried and were found 
wanting though it was hard 
not to weep for Sella, that 
supreme French centre, who 
shook his head time and again 
at such limited rations' and 
such limited play from many 
of the men around him. ■ 
Blanco emerged with repu- 
tation intact; his skills re- 
mained undiluted. Jeffrey and 
Ringland competed manfully 
and Hill did not look out of. 

desperate desire to “tie in" the 
opposition, the Overseas for- 
wards won the ball at s peed 
and Loveridge left it to Botha 
to run foe game. The Hood 
South African stand-off half 
™ immense in attack, 
though his defensive skills did 
not bear scrutiny; he ran the 
ball close to his forwards, be 
ran' it wide, and when be 
locked be covered acres of 

Outride Mm Gerber fre- 
quently turned up on the wing, 
Kirwan as frequently in the 
centre; if Gerber was like a 
charging rhinoceros, Kirwan 
high-stepped through the field 
like a giraffe, Jong (egged, 
upright, all-surging swaying 
power. Twice he saved tries, 
one he scored as well as 
helping towards three more. 

The Overseas team led 10-7 
at the interval, Underwood 
having crossed in the opening 
minutes only to be brought 
back for a knock-on by SeDa. 
It was a correct derision by 
David "Burnett, who had an 
excellent - match. The Five 
Nations might have scored at 
the start of die second half too, 
Ringland streaking through 
the middle but missing Blanco 
with Ms pass , which allowed 
Kirwan to crash Sella into 
touch on the comer. 

Thereafter, we sat bade , to 
admire southern -hemisphere 
skills. Du Plessisft tty, started 
by Botha from Kieman’s 
missed penalty kid; involved 
Kirwan, Gould, Getber and 
Tuynman, before the South 
African wing scythed past the 
rest of the cover. At least the 
guests, politely, left the final 
word to their hosts and the 
speed ..of : the ! ball through 
Sefla’s hands g awe Ringland 
the final try. - . 

SCORERS: Fhm Notions - Trie*: 
Woman, RSngtand. Comnofen: 
Blanca Pa natty r Kieman. Ovw e ai 
Uptons - THwk Gerber (ZJ, Kirwan, 
du Ptessis, Rodriguez, Shaw.. 
Commokto: Botha. PeoWtie*: Bo- 

PIVE NATIONS; S Blanco (Biarritz 
and Franco^ T M Mntfand 
(BaSymona and fcaland). P S««a 
(Agon and Franort, M j Ktomsi 
nJolphftT aid tretanm, R tfodmood 
(Leicester and England); M Dacay 
(Swansea and Wales), R J HU (Bath 
and Engtamte J WNtefoot (Cardiff 
and MUni SE Brain (Coventry and 
£n$and). IQ ftHna (Harlequins and 
Scotland). J Jeffrey (Kelso and 
Scodandk O G. iMfean (Cork 
Constitution and Intend, captam), J 
Condon (Boucau and Ranee), L 

NoI3 proves unlucky for Gerber as he is upended by Sella 

Trick revives hope Cardiff 
for dropped men have 110 

By Bryan Stiles 

Welshmen named in the pro- 
gramme as Llanelli's 

Bath .... 

Llanelfi — - - 



Rodriguuz (Mont-de-Marsan and 
France), (AM Paxton (SeSctfc and 

(Australia); 4 Knew (New Zealand). 
0 N GeAer (South Africa). W T 
Teytar Maw . Zealand). C .J de 

DS Loveridge (New 
EEHotMguac (Australia), 

ft (New 2 

•PR van der fe ra e 
p Pofctevtn (Australia), am naoeo 
New Zealand). S A G Collar 


As tbe Bath players bind up 
their many wounds and p re p are 
for tbe John Player Special Cup 
final at Twickenham next Sat- 
urday their chib selectors are 
presented with some interesting 
c o n undr ums. 

This victory by two goals, a 
try and a dropped goal to a try 
and two penalty goals over a 
tenacious but at times strangely 
ragged Llanelli team, increased 
Bath’s confidence; added to 
their long iqjury-list and 
strengthened the damn of play- 
ers who thought their chance of 
appearing at Twickenham bad 
evaporated in tbe euphoria of 
their team’s cup ran without 

Trick conjured up two tries of 
supreme quality to make one 
wonder why he had been been 
dropped from the side earlier. 
No less praiseworthy was the 
performance of the back row of 
Sparred, Simpson and HalL The 
maimer in which they shredded 
the Welsh defence in the second 
hatf was most impressive. Simp- 
son gave the kind of display that 
could keep oat the No. &, 
Egerton, who has been on the 
fringe of selection for Eng la nd 
this season and who is likely to 
be declared fit this week after 

The Bath back row perfor- 
mance seemed to improve 
markedly after the startling 
appearance in the Uaneffi pack 
near half-time of Pickering, the 
Wales captain, amid speculation 
that his recent absence from the 
team was more tbe result of a 
personality dash than injury. 
Pickering popped out of a track 
suit in the stands hke a surprised 
jack-in-the-box taking the field 
in place of the injured Ferego, 
instead of one of tbe two other 


Llanelli, whose season seems 
to have fellen a little flat since 
their departure from the Welsh 
Cup, caused Bath many a fright 
despite some uncharacteristic 
. sloppy play in midfield and an 
erratic service from their scrum 
half Griffiths. 

The Welshmen had taken the 
lead through a penalty goal by 
Gravefle but several adroit 
moves by the centres, Halliday 
and Palmer, produced a try 
under the posts for Halliday 
which his partner converted. An 
orthodox Llanelli threequaner 
movement enabled Lewis to 
outflank the defence and score 
an unconverted try in the comer 
to give i a one-point lead 
at the interval. 

The second half belonged to 
Trick and the Bath back row. 
The wing’s first try came when 

he wrong-footed the Llanelli 
cover as ne changed directions 
20 metres out and his second 
after a devastating turn of speed 
from the halfway line. Sand- 
wiched between the tries. Cue 
collected a drop goal for Bath, 
and Gravelk replied with a 
penalty goaL 

Palmer limped off with a 
groin strain but, not surprisingly 
in view of the occasion, the 
captain announced that be 
would be fit for Saturday. The 
cup holders casualty list in- 
cludes Redman, Morrison. 
Chflcott, Egerton, Barnes, and 

SCORER* Bade TMsst mm*. TMcfc 0. 
CvmnioctK Palmer. Cue. Dropped 
goatr Cua. Liana*: Try: Lewis. Psoatty 

anatr O tav o — ■ 

BATH: C R Martin: D M Trick, J A Pakner 
(rep A Janes). S J HriBday, A Swift; P Cue, 
C Stanley; Cliey, G Daw*. M R Lae, R A 
Spurted. M Jones. D Cronin. J P Ha*. P D 

I »H~B =:» : ii: .■ « I n fi •> 

Men’s game not too hot 
for women to handle 

kering popped out ofa track llanelli : M a raw** P Lewis. N 
tin tbe stands like a surprised Daw* P Moron, P Hootons; K Thomas. 

lead of one of tbe two other SBuee W pSSfg to g ateW ffil 

Hare leads Leicester 
to a record victory 

By a Spedal Correspondent 

By Gordon Allan 

Great Britain 

Several hundred people saw 
France bent Great Britainby* 
goal and two tries to two tnes m 
their women's tatenrattonal at 
Ric h mo n d on Saturday. The 
crowd was probably about as 
large as the total number of 
women playing rugby a En~ 
thud and larger and noisier 
than Richmond might expect 

sua selector, said that be did not 
think women's rugby in this 
c o u nt r y wou ld start flourishing 
until the next gen erat ion - when 
tiie of toe current* 

players take it up- . Derdi Ar- 
nold, the former AB Blacks 
centre who helps with the wwc*- 

- . mi - i j <w the 

Engjapd men's team could learn 
from the women about some of 

Leek's derisions aad-wera penal- 
ized an extra 10 metres — jnst 
tike die men. 

Two tries by Karen Almond, 
the stand-off half, pet Great 
Britain 8-4 ahead by the inter- 
vaL Trida Moore was stepped 
as she drove for the fine at an 
indirect penalty bat Almond's 
s cr um half, Smty . ICO, made 
room for her to score. Then, a 
bed against the bead allowed 
op and scad Almond through on 
tbe blind side. 

In the second haff tries .were 
scored for France by Annette 
Fenefi frumortbodoxranmng by 
die backs and Brigitte Pagegie 
from a raffing maaL Anucfc 
Hayrnnd converted the first of 

Many people stffl find the idea 
of women playing rugby strange; 
but Boadkea and Joan of Arc 
vetunterily took greater risks. 

SCORERS: GnttBiftafaTVieKMnerrf 
Bt, France: Trie* Gmcwk, A Fwmol 
SSbegfe. Cornwriw: HayrawL 
GflCAT SWTAtfc V Moon (WnpSH P 




• Leicester restored some of 
their battered pride with a 
record 56-15 victory over in- 

jury-hit Gosforth at Wdford 
Road on Saturday, winning by 

Road on Saturday, winning by 
seven goals, two tries and two 
penalties to a goal and three 

Three successive defeats, 
including their John Player Cup 
exit at the hands of Bath, meant 
Leicester were in no mood to let 
Gosforth add to their woes. 
Such was L eicester's domina- 
tion that, but for the odd error, 
they cookl weB have rattled up a 
huge score. As h was, they 
rammed nine tries past a 
Gosforth side forced to make 
five changes from their original 
boo-up because of injuries. 

No-one enjoyed himself more 

24. Richards, England's No. 8, 
and the wing, Evans, scored two 
tries each to stay neck and neck 
in the race to be the dub's 
leading scorer. 

The other try scorers were 
thecentre, Bumhifl. scrum halt 
Kenney, stand-off bate Harris, 
and wing. Williams. 

Gosforth. 30-3 down at the 
interval, replied with a try by 
Hall and a conversion and three 
penalties by Johnson, bm their 
injury problems were not helped 
when their foil back. Whisker, 

wmwmm Aw tamem rawl kifT 

SCORERSfc Ufccsttt: THaK Rfchflnfe (Z), 
Evan* (2L Karawy, BumW, Mfems, 

iwphc Hare ft-Godorttc Trim: Hik 
Cooraraion Johnson; P mO Bes: John- 

W Ham (captain); B Eras. P 
Dodge, 6 Btunttfl, K maw; J Hams. 8 
S RWfen^C TraWw. W Wcnart- 

than Dusty Hare, the former 
England fuU back, who not only 

England full bade, who not only 
scored a try, but extended his 
world points record by a further 

Ma rriott. D Rfcftanfc. R Tetftun 
GOSFORTH: J Waster (rep A Fwrtsr): M 
Bro we r . A TVvSb, D Briggs. P Sant 0 
Johnson (cspcslfi). / Tipp«tG Hutr&ries. 
R Periw. A Johnstone. W Drydsd. C HOL 
S Byrne, K MoGowm. G Smsfiwooc. 
Mmk P Abrahsros (East Mkfiands)- 


FRAME: C Feraol ( Tjtej; F 
M Ftayew rtojonm. 

££Zk curt (East MWenda). 

Aeollectire eagerness to_nm 
and handle made this an cbm?- 
able matefr- Fortunately for - 

work, suggested, bat from the 
pasbevtr try wtthoiit whaji no 
Sch BOW seems compete. T«et 


s-^ssst.'sac gah. j gg==a _ 



7.30 unto* stated UonaiTtn. 

• * cm 1 1 HUM LEAGUE: PreflM t awff 

Brattfiviston _ JSSn? 

wwo ai N i t22!n i 

^ Hmn vNOwcffitteliW CRICKET 

Second division FENHERrs camwdge UiWB«tty V 

BfaflftjnJQty v VBnt&tedon 

SS( ” J0 ”o^ SPORT 

Tredegar 14; Harrogate 18, Mori «y 4; 
KendsMD, Sheffield 12: Uunceston 10. 
Barnstaple 10; LMcestw 26. Gosfenh 15; 
Maestag 19. Bristol 16; Mootejf 20, 
Bndgsna B-. H Mb 22. Cartiif 12; 
New&tdge 22, Penerih 15; New Bnghton 

*0 >1 ■■■—»■ «C B k e w ri rJ. gp- 

191 fyt& 2* Nuneeearr 15, 
OrrBfl 7 Tws®1oo 6; Sale 15, i 


At Sedburr Wasps N ID, Aytestwy I B. 
Oxford OB 1 20. Uxbridge I & wasps u 28. 
Oxhxd OB 1 4. At Headstone Lane; CM 
MEMBans I 6. West London hsUue I 4; 
Hendon 18. MU HR I 4; Hendon 36. Oa 
satm a nB 3. At Fiwb en r fticrvnond | 

St Mary's Cotege 1 10; London ktsh U 2A, 
Fettham II 4; RlSmond U 22, EMna I1 18; 
East Grineteed B 12, Old RagaSne fi; 
Wcriraond I 3a London Tr&i B 6; 
Richmond II 18. Est Grineteed 13. At 
BecteHl—: B McM weB i 42. Sevenoete I 
a Qfflngham Anchorites 16, 0U 
AHeynians 8; Maidstone 6, 

29; South Wales Rice 12. aamffgan 
WMs 12 Swansea 32. Aberavon 14; 
Torquay 18. AberflBry 17; Vats Of torn 

Worthing IS. Maidstone 8. M 

Harlequin U 28. Si Mary's Hoaptal » fc 
London Weigh 1 32. Si May's Hospital 1 0; 
London Walsh B 24. Old Mondnngns. 0; 
Harlequins I 24. Hammarsmto and PU- 
tan 4. At Epptag: Southend 18, Seflron 
AMen 14; LcugtSarough Students 1 26. 
ChBBhurt 12; LouOhbarauih Students 16. 
Southend 6. At lhsmu afron: Hosslyn 
Perk a 22. Simon and Epsom I a London 
Scottish I 2a Old PauSnes R& RosMyn 
Par* I 22. Kingston I & 00 
wsndsworthiens I ifT St Thomas's Hos- 
pital 12 Rossfcn Park K 24, Union 
Scottish ( ft AoeMMi Parir I 34. Old 
wendsMorihians ft At S e utf i jst e i $ud- 

7.30 unless Stated 


Wales v Uruguay (atWraxhamj 

First (fivisiott _ n6S . 
V^vNotwglwnto (?-«] 
West Ham v Neweasite u« 

SecondcBwM Qft. 

BraOtoraOty vVfirnbfodon 

Fourth tfivsfon 


A5»n V«b v SMtteW 


(aSttffi V Vorir. Fwaton v wsorau: 
wnbnttamOBa v Scuntnane- 

Hayss- • 

18, Abenfltaty 17: VWi of Lime 
ft West Hartlepool 15. 

M; West of Scofiaftd 27. 

aougiSnPkia. Cmtefcri-CaTTfflomev 
Lydney: Haroepod Rws v Hafiiax. 

Oavenport 13, Worcester 13: Ourtam C»r 
23. Proston Grasshoppers 13: Bedes 10. 
Odder Vale IB; HwSmod Horn 10. 
Hdtex ft KaU&y 12, Smtepon 6; Kersaf 
14. FwnemR; Lwerpooi 18, Northwnp- 

tori 7; 1 m& 87. VKWrs 10; Menchesar 10, 
Eaton Moor K uteawstw tmga 14, 

mx K Maramsar tmga 14, 
12: oney 24, Vteralow 
& Addsn ft Widnee 17. 
1 ft Mnntagton ft* 28. Camp 

buy (Suffolk) SO, Old Ashmdeen* 0; 
Seraoens 2S, OfdGHffins 2ft esneenc 1ft 
Sudbwy (Suffolk) 13. 


sitooifet BitfBB^gjM ^ 'Uteado na i 
SQUASH: Hl-Teo Brillsh open (ai Vtetrv 



SOUTH-WEST: Pomn 13. Devon ft 
CorrwraJl PoOm 1ft Sooud 23, Fdmouto 
a PNortonS. Haytel&PBfiranc^Hevrtyn 
it Oakdale 12; GlMftOP 12. WNtegun 

MS8 IBVTTUie TlwJon 4, Redrum 

Onion: OMtem 8. MW CnesWe Colege 
21: Rochdale 22, BiaddxenO- North arm 
Krai dMoioK Colne end Nate gn 3. 
wort O nroon 28. Second di ridetc British 
teal & CMherwodh 38. East erne 
second d bie iai r MetroUe 9, Ashffin- 
uxter-Lyi» 12. 


By Gerald Davies 





It is that time of year with the 
long season drawing to iis close 
that injuries and — not surpris- 
ingly, because of the unseasonal 
weather forcing even the garden- 

ers lo watch rugby — that 
illnesses cause a difficulty or two 
for team selection. What doubts 
both these dubs had were 
reflected in the alternative 
names given to some positions 
in tbe programme. The pro- 
gramme was well inked before 
the game began. 

Neath have bad their share of 
difficulties. A fortnight ago 16 of 
their 24 players it seems were 
out with injuries. Jonathan Da- 
vies, their Welsh stand-off halt 
has not played for them since 
February 16. tbe day after tbe 
Welsh match in Dublin. Neath, 
having had a good start to the 
season, have now lost 10 of their 
last 16 games. 

Cardiff can look for no such 
reasons and have- lost four of 
their Iasi five matches. They 
have simply not been playing 
welt although in the first half at 
tbe GnoU they looked as if they 
might and could cope better 
with the wet conditions. Gareth 

Roberts foraged successfully, as 
did Crothers and Stone; Ring 

was showing increasing con- 
fidence in midfield. They went 
on attack and it looked good. 
But, without much possession 
from the Uneom it foiled to last 
and they lost by two goals, a try 
and two penalties to two goals. 

Neath had gone into an early 
lead with Mark Jones and 
Rowland Phillips in the fore- 

front, setting up the position on 
tbe Cardiff 22 for Jones, the 

scrum halfi to go on a long 
diagonal run for the try which 
Thorbom converted. 

Cardiff in feet had enjoyed 
most of the advantage. They 
equalized a little while later with 

iter with 

Cordle’s try, converted by Ev- 
ans. but the crucial score for the 

ans, but the crucial score for the 
home team came not long after. 
Neath bad hanfiy left their own 
half when Evans's attempted 
chip ahead was charged down by 
Powell. He hacked the ball on 
towards the line, tbe bounce 
defeated him, but Graham Da- 
vies was on hand to touch down. 
Thorburn kicked this as well as 
scoring a try of his own before 
going off with a shoulder injury. 

Cardiff's fete was sealed and. 
for all their pressure, they must 
have wondered bow it happened 
but they never recovered. Even 
though the home side tod to 
rearrange their back division 
with Powell at full back. Davies 
in the centre and the replace- 
ment Gary Tucker on the wing, 
they proved themselves better 
than Cardiff in deteriorating 
conditions in the second toff 

In between the two penalties 
kicked by Robert Jones, Cardiff 
scored an excellent try created 
by Ring and Donovan which 
Roberts scored and Evans con- 
vened. Cardiff have a week to 
sort themselves out before play- 
ing Newport next Saturday ui 
the Scweppes Cup final. 

SCORERS: Matte Tite R Jonas. G 
DOvus, P Thctbum. Com mo ns: P 
Thorown Bt PmMOme R Jones (2L 
CaffiM Trie* G Corcfle, G Roberts. 
Con — « N on* D Evans- 

fEATtt P Thorburn (njp G Tucker); E 
Rees (captain). D Jacob. S Po— L G 

Rees (captain). D Jacob. S PowNL G 
D8W8K S Qnffittts, R Jones; P Jackson, K 
PWBps, S Evens, R PhMps, S Dando, B 
Oagg, L Jones. M Jones. 

CARWFF: P Rees; G Conte, A Donovan. 
M Rtng. C Jones; D Evans. D Wnght; C 

cams, a pnaps mm a 

T cromets. K Edwards, R 

T Cromers. K Edwards, R N 
Roberts. H Stone. 

Referee: L J Psard (Casttettxi). 

Noisier, G 

Davies out of 
cup final 

How Davies. England’s full 
back this season, will miss tbe 
John Player Special Cup final on 
Saturday (David Hands writes). 
The Wasps player has discov- 
ered that he has been playing 
with a broken bone in his 
shoulder for the past two 
months and will join other 
injured colleagues. Melville, 
Lozowski and O'Leary, in the 
stand when his dub feces Bath. 

An English dub gained a rare 
win over Pootypool when Cov- 
entry triumphed 16-12 at 
Coundon Road in an in-tem- 
pered match during which Price, 
the former Wales prop, was sent 
off after an hour. Coventry's two 
tries came from their bock row 
men, Robbins and Thomas. 

All Blacks 
World XV 

Holmes quits after 
defeat by Spinks 

Las Vegas (Reuter) - Larry since Louis. 

Holmes dropped a controve r- half no i 

sial points_decision to ihe utle- mplatned J. h credil 

Transvaal — . 
World XV 



Johannesburg ( Reuter h-Att 
invhaiion World XV. lifted by 
the presence of seven Ail Blacks 
and playing flowing, attractive 
rugby, cruised 10 a 24-1 7 victory 
over Transvaal on Saturday, 
winning by three goals and two 
penalties to one goal, two tries 
and a penalty. 

Hundreds of police and se- 
curity men surrounded Ellis 
Park stadium in Johannesburg 
before the game, the final event 
in the city's centenary celebra- 

Two Transvaal plavers had to 
be drafted into the World XV 
side to replace the Argentinian 
pair. Nlanguez and Morel, who 
were suffering from jet-lag, but 
the rest of the side, including the 
New Zealand contingent, who 
begin an unoffinal tour of South 
Africa next week, showed no ill- 
effects from their long journeys 

Four New Zealanders held the 
World XV pack together and 
another AJi Black. Simpson, was 
outstanding at centre. Accurate 
kicking by his compatriot. Fox. 
with two penalties and three 
conversions, gave the World 
XV the edge over Transvaal, 
who also scored three tries. 

The World XV stunned the 
South Africans with a try after 
only five minutes. Simpson 
broke through the Transvaal 
defence before feeding the wing. 
Purcell, of the United States, 
who scored in the corner. Fox 

Seven minutes later Trans- 
vaaL, one of the strongest South 
African provincial sides, hit 
back with a try by Breedt, their 
captain and No. S. 

The World XV extended their 
lead in the 21st minute with a 
try by the Transvaal flank 
forward Hartmann after another 
brilliant run by Simpson. Fox 
convened and scored a penalty 
a few minutes later to give the 
World XV a 15-4 lead. 

An exhilarating show of in- 
dividual flair by the stand-off. 
Naude. gave Transvaal their 
second try. twice chipping over 
the heads of World XV defend- 
ers. before Breedt gathered the 
ball to put Venter over in the 
right-hand corner. Naude con- 
verted to cut the World XV lead 
to 15-10 at half-time. 

Both sides lost their sense of 
urgency at the start of the second 
half and it was 20 minutes 
before Naude added to 
Transvaal's score with a pen- 
alty. Fox replied with a penalty- 
for the World XV five minutes 

Two tries in the last three 
minutes ended the game with a 
flourish. The power of the 
World XV peck gave Shelford a 
push-over try in the comer in 
the 78th minute which Fox 
converted, and Rademeyer 
scored Transvaal's third try. 
SCORERS: Work) XV: Tries Purer*. 
Bartmam. SwMnd. Conworetonr Fax 
(3). PoneWes: Fox (21 Tronevut Tries: 
Rademeyer. Veneer. Bmacft. Co n ve rs io n: 
Naude. Penattr Naude. 

holder. Michael Spinte. in 
International Boxing Federa- 
tion (IBF) heavyweight cham- 
pionship boul on Saturday — 
and retired from the ring still 
craving the acceptance 10 
which his record entities him. 

While ihe preformances in 
his prime placed him among 
the great heavyweights — 
Rocky Marciano. Muhammad 
Ali. J’oe Louis and his own 
idol Jack Johnson - Holmes 
knows it will take years before 
he is recognized as a member 
of that elite. Asked how he 
thought he would be remem- 
bered 20 years from now. 
Holmes said:“There‘s no 
sense in me chasing ghosts 
anymore." he said, in a refer- 
ence 10 the careers of Louis, 
Marciano and Aii. ''I mean it's 
written on the wall. I'd be 
punch drunk and crazy jf I 
kepi going.*’ 

He reigned continuously as 
World Boxing Council (WBC) 
or IBF champion for a longer 
period than any heavyweight 

fiSri™ enough credit 
beacause he boxed in the long 
shadow of Ali. one of the most 
popular champions in history. 
•Tm going to be viewed as a 
great fighter ifl have to build 
mv own museum, and I m 
really contemplating doing 
it," Holmes said. 

He has already earned toe 
respect of Spinks, undefeated 
with 29 wins and Ihe nrst 

light-heavyweight ever - 10 

move up and win a heavy- 
weight crown. "No matter 
whaL he's still my champ." 
the 39-year-old champion 
said. . . 

Spinks said he let Holmes 
burn himself ouL giving him 
the first three rounds, but 
from the sixth round ”1 was 
hustling Larry. From the lOlb 
round on I was out-hustling 
him totally," Spinks, who 
weighed l Sib less than 
Holmes, showed unexpected 
power and amazing stamina 
as he survived near-knock- 
downs in the last two rounds. 


Overseas take-over at 
the Cumberland club 

By Rex Bellamy Tennis Correspondent 

The British Home Stores 
tournament produced two sin- 
gles winners from overseas 
(both aged 23) for only the third 
time since the Cumberland club 
tournament was inaugurated in 

the year Lindbergh flew the 
Atlantic, 1927. Catrin Jexeil 
(Sweden) beat Jane Wood (En- 
field! by 6-4, 6-2 and Thierry 
Pham (France) saved a match 
point before beating Andrew 
Castle (Taunton) by 2-6. 7-6. 6- 

Neither runner-up was 
seeded. Miss Wood, aged 18. has 
recently been unfit and did 
remarkably well to win four 
matches at the cost of one set In 
the final she had a break point 
fora 4-1 lead. Castle, aged 22, is 
in bis first season of professional 
competition after more than 
four years at Wichita State 
University. He did not lose a set 
on the way to the final and 
Pham (“Where has he been?”) 
| could noL understand why such 
a good player should be un- 
known to him. 

Pham, who has a French 
in other and a Vietnamese fa- 
ther. was born in Lyons and 
lives in Paris. He returned 
service so well that Castie, more 
than four inches taller, had 
difficulty working out how best 
to serve to him: but Castle's 
attitude was restlessly positive, 
his volleying often superb. In 
the second set be had a match 

point at 6-5 and won ihe first 
three points of the lie-break. 

The most familiar Swedish 
women are Catarina Lindqvist 
and Carina Karlsson. A tear ago 
these two and Miss Jexeil were 
chosen to form a sponsored 
team coached by Sven David- 
son. The idea was to raise 
Swedish women's tennis be>ond 
the standard set by ChnsiinA 
Sandberg almost 20 years ago. 
The benefits of the scheme may 
be more apparent in the next 
generation than in this one. 

Miss Wood's second prize of 
£714 exceeded Pham’s first 
prize or £696. This is a ridicu- 
lous example of the nonsense 
often inflicted on such modest 
tournaments by the game's 
modem structure. There' is no 
reason why women should have 
less: but nor is there any reason 
why they should have more. 

The remaining four tour- 
naments on this Lawn Tennis 
.Association circuit will be' 
played at Queen's Club (begin- 
ning tomorrow). Sutton. 
Bournemouth and Lee-on-So- 
lenL In the absence of other.- 
sponsors as generous as British- 
Home Stores the LTA must pick 
up most of the bill. 

MEN'S SINGLES: Semi-finals: T Rum 
(Fr) M J Piatentte (Fa 6-4 6-2; A dSate 

(GBl tx A Gonzalez (Bel). 7-5 6-1. Ftnah 
Priam tx Castta. 2-6. 7 -ft 6-3. 

WOUEN-S SINGLES: Seori-fineiK C 
Je«e« (Sue) in C Woo a (GBl. 6-3. 6-7. 6-3; 
J vwxw (GB)« p ExnemBntfy (Fra), 6- i 6- 
3. Rnafc Jexei bt Wood. 6-4. 6-2. 


A job well 
done by 

Gimblett spurs Bartlett 

By Michael Stevenson 



Last year, when Sale became 
England Merit Table A cham- 
pions, prolonged periods of grim 
defence were needed. In the 
cnidal match against Glouces- 
ter on Saturday at Brook! ands 
there was little evidence of such 
dedication and Gloucester, tbe 
new champions, emerged 
comfortable winners by three 
goals, two tries and a penalty to 
two goals and a penalty. 

Gloucester had come to Sale 
to do a job and they did it 
efficiently with the minimum of 
fuss and flourish. 

Sale played all the early rugby. 
Three spectacular breaks by the 
full back, Jenion, who had a fine 
match, and one by Bond flat- 
tered to deceive, as weak sup- 
port play and mistiming of 
passes allowed Gloucester's gen- ! 
erally sound defence to regroup. 

After IS minutes a long touch 
kick by Hamlin, took play to tbe 
right hand corner flag; Teague 
appeared to have made a try for 

By Richard Streeton 

Richard Bartlett began his Three 
first-class career with 1 1 7 not Bartlett d 
out for Somerset against Oxford innings ’ 
University on Saturday to be- promise I 
come the first Somerset-bom Taunton 
player to make a century on In the 
debut since Harold Gimblett's Swansea 
famous innings in 1935. Other- bowling c 
wise the new season made its son. off 
habitual. low-key start at The wickets. 
Parks and Fenner’s. Rinrhe 

Bartlett, who is aged ) 9. short vvhiiaker 
and slightly built, drove with for 
confidence as Somerset, short of yj 

practice, struggled on a damp. _,□ broil 

Three chances offered by 
B 2 nlen did not detract from an 
innings which confirmed the 
promise he showed last year at 
Taunton School and elsewhere. 
In the autumn be goes to 
Swansea University. Rutnagur. 
bowling out swingers, and Daw- 
son. off spin, each took three 

green pitch. Younger than most 
of his opponents, ne came in at 
64 for three and made his runs 
out of 1 72. He had reached 78 
when Dredge, the last man. 
joined him. but Bartlett went on 
io drive and hook freely on bis 
way to three figures. 

Butcher scored a solid 58 and 
Whitaker a more aggressive 57 
for Leicestershire against Cam- 
bridge University. Charles Elli- 
son. brother of the Test player, 
with medium pace, finished 
with five wickets. 

THE PARKS: Somerset 236 tor 9 dec (R 
Bartlett 1 17 not out/, Oxlom University 11 

FENNER'S: Lelcestorstee 2S4 tor 9 (J J 
Ww lexer 57. 1 P Butttier 58) v Cambridge 




UMTB> STATES: FrittBy: ttww* Leaguf 
MMukw Browers G. New Yor* rsmees 5. 
Boson Red Sent 2. 

Detroit Tigers 6. CW/ogndM — .. ----- 
Rangers 12. Banmore Onole&3. Koran City 
Royals 6. Toronto Bw Jays 4: Oakland 
AVttttcs 4. Seattle Manners 1; CMtoma 
Angels 6. Mmesota Twins S. Nat ion al 
league: Pmsccrgn Prates *. CWragO Cuds 
0: St Lous Cartfinats 4. Montreal Expos 2. 
New York Man S. Ptwaoeiptwi Pn*e& Z 
Houston Astros 6, Cnomad Rad* 4; Aden® 
graves 6. Los Angeles Dodgare 3: San 
Francisco Gia«s 6. San Dttgo PaOrefi 1. 
Saturday: American League: Toronto Btoe 

Sutago «mne Sox 1: 
land mens 1, Teas 

Onotes 3. Kansas City 

Morgan but he had pul a foot in 
touch. Immediately, however, 
Teague, himself scored an 
opportunist uy after Sale had 
won the consequent lineouL 
Smith converted. 

Williams and Longstaff fash- 
ioned a try soon after for 
Morgan from a deft blind-side 
move and a penalty for Glouces- 

MOSCCTN. Woilfl etiampwnMMps: Fwend 1 0. 
MVSI Germany 1. Can*® ■». UnttKJ Stales 2. 
LeMSne positions: 1. Soviet Union lOpts: 2,. 
Sweden 10. 3. Friend 9. 


ORPINGTON: Men's wx-o-oda finals; S*. 
piarx Hempstead tt. Bucfctiursr W 4. 
Marmedfetes: Cw lord Umvarwy 4. rttctwi 3 
Minors: Batn 3. Sout na mtaon Umersny 2- 
Fwht Chpstead 2. Uaynams Marauders 1. 

Jew 6/ Karnes Cay RcyaK 5. Ctewttnd 
Mans 8. Detrart Tners 6: M8w**ee 
Brewets 4. Nee Yoric Yankees 3: Boston Red 
Sox a. Ctwago wwe So* 2: Cswom* Angels 
S. Minnesota Twns 4; BBitonora OMies ML 
Texas Rangers 4; OeMand Athletes 7. Seattle 


CANTERBURY: SMfafi fcure Reel tog: 
Hackney 28. Eastbourne 20 (Hackney wm 
106-106 on aggregate); CanteTOuv 22. Arana 
Esse* 18 V&tma Esse* B7-72) Natnaei 

Manners 2. Nati o na l League: AttaniB Braves 
3, LOS Angeles Dodgers 0, New York MM» 3. 
PnteOOWua Pti«es 2: St Lous Cardaiate 9. 
Montreal Expos fc Houston Astros 4. Oncn- 
r*o Reds 3; Pnsborgn Brates 14. Ctroogo 
Cobs &■ San Franasco Cams 6, San Diego 
Panes 5. 

ter by Smith and for Sale by 
Jenion made it 13-3 at half- 

Postponed: Stoke v LUdennat 
teKmg's Lynn 36. SheMiew 4£ 
it Bradtoro v OxKyd; Craotey Heatn 

v Rasrtng: SwtfKBn v ipswirtt! 



TOKYO: ExWbBion match: J Connors (US) 01 
M Wflander iSwl 6-4, 6-0. 

lime, the issue being clearly 
settled early in tbe second half. 

settled early in tbe second half, 
when a dazzling dummy and 

jinx by Hamlin bewildered 
Sale's defence. 

Sale's defence. 

Smilh convened Hamlin's try 
and a second by Morgan from 
Smith's accurate chip: a second 
iry by Hamlin ended Glou- 
cester's scoring but. as they 
visibly relaxed. Sale ran in two 
good tries: the first was scored 

BRACtUCLL: Ropre—i — m match: En- 
gland too (Swat ft. Sewed 15. Spud 
T& Bataan 12. ScanMwy 12) AS Stars 96 
(Bontragtf Z3. Dev* t«. Lawrence 11 
Curvwwnani 12) 

UNITED STATES: National Assotiation 

WC& Open grand pnx tour nam e nt. Seoii- 
ttiab: E SentfHK ispi bt S easel iSpL 7-5. &■ 
£ P McNamsa IAUS) bt j Arreaa (Sp) 7-6. 


P«IA* Second round playoNti Ibest-of-fivei : 
Los Anm*es Laxers 122. San Antanro Spirt 
94 llanere lead senes 2-01. Atlanta Hawks 
137. Demur Penns 125 (Hawks lead 2-OX 
Houston Rockets l ll . Sacramento Kras 1 03 
(RockMs lead 2-0). 

Yacm Ckm 52-mMe nee results: pRmwnafc 
Class l: i. Naoiacucner. R Matthews ana j 
Dmsten rtVMYCl. 9mm 5£53sec 2. Sme- 
wmaer. J Oswrtr (RBYCl. 10.2? 53. 3. 

Constance. R Eqran and m has (WMYC). 
103049. Class ft 1. Danone). J Broaven 
(HPICl.10 1 156. 2. Fona of Burnham owned 
by D L Gaeves (RByCi. 102056: 3. Ca^on- 
ada. v P Dements iWMYCk Class 

m a tap penalty by Tipping 
d Jenion. who convened 


SEOUL: South K a ra an open cfm pl u ii aW p j 
Ffaai acoroa: 288: 7 Qaen-Teno (Tan. 71.67. 

and Jenion, who convened 
both, got the second. 

SCORERS: Srtfc The* Tipping. Jenion; 
Conversions: Joroeo (2); Penattr Jeraon 
OowcMtar Trie* Morgan Q). Hamtoi ®. 
Teggoa; Convarsaons: Smtm (3J; Penally: 

SALE: G Janion; D Csrtte, A Bond. P 
Sansfield. H Benjamin; A Eagan. K Rtton; 

71.71 281: HVi>9u (Talk 68. 73.69. 71. 282: 
O Jong-Man (S Kork 73. 71. 71. 67 285: P 
F0WH»(Aifik 73. 6ft 73, 73 288: K SuaAi 

Bt 1. juraw CrtcAaL M Harnun (CYCl. 
10 22 35: 2. “ ■ 

JO 22 35: 2. Tom SomttJdiJ. M J 
Cnwrwnavne (MVCL 102.43. 3. Saxon. JR 
S Bemev IWMVD. 1025.00 Class IV 
Channel Handicap [Subject ro promstt 1 . Sea 

OiiJ-Sang IS Kort. 73, 72. 6£ 
MvungJte |S Kotl, 70L 74, 73. 72 

Baaore. M Hemngww (CYCi. 1042JT7: 2. 
ftMtSWL P J OMron (WMYCk *“ ' r - ” * 

Damn frail, 75. 73. 71. 71. j RuneCtoe 
78. 7f. 73. 88. R Davts |AusL 71. 76. 71. 
Stmth (Aus). 7a. 73. 69. 74 

iwnm. r J wnipi iihwtui 1045JZ7: 3. 
Spangle. A A Sotoway (RBYQ. 1051.06. 
Owaet N*Mcatcn«. Z Ctamnot 3. f&u 
ot Burnham. 

son, M Calery, S Tlppaig, 
aw. N Gaffney. I Mena. 
T Smwi: D Morgan, P 




Tsytor. R McLean. R Mogg; M Mamhn, R 
wifloms; M Preetty. K wma, P Jonas. J 

Gadd. J Ovrto. J Elhertfcgft M 
M Teague 

Refer*®: F Howard (Liverpool). 

»,P Jonas. J 
M Longstaff. 

SYDNEY: Women's SSan amm tom&- 
manfc New Zealand 4. Ausirau imder-21 1; 
Australia 2. Scum Korea 0. Unad Slates 1. 
Camas 0 

■ACE (105 mseat 1. A Goma' IMawnpstar 
Whi. 4£957: 2. C LOlywtnte iDftnmcwt RC) 
at mn 15 gcvs; 3 P Bateman (CnestarfiM 
Courourfil same fama Hairy Has King oJ me 
Mtwntsma: U Gomal 




rtoan gne t n 











P W D 

3 5 0 

6 5 0 

7 5 0 
W 7 0 

6 3 0 

4 2 0 

7 3 0 

5 2 0 

6 2 0 

8 2 0 
4 1 0 

L F A Ptge i 
1 170 120 68.86 | 

1 130 57 ea33 ! 

2 123 104 71.43 

3 213 133 70.00 

3 142 73 50.00 

2 74 52 50.00 

4 BT I3S4256 

3 63 97 40.00 

4 92 104 3333 

5 00 140 25.00 
3 42 103 2600 
8 77 17S 

News, views, previews, reports: 

£a BfiditenteR'SeWbtidChampionshtps. 

% Etc. Don't miss the Spring issue. 

** Avai to ble from W H Smith. Menjret 
and otner !ead<ng newsagents or m 
case of arfficuirv wne to Evenr.-ng 
Magazine. Valfts House. 57 uaihs Road. 

vVJ ■'£ 

*41 .inlt 
^3 rem 



-- — . t; -*^** — * ■ 




Football: Oxford upset odds by winning Milk Cup for the first time; United and Chelsea slide oat of tide race 

Rangers sink without a whimper 

By Stuart Jones 
Football Correspondent 

Oxford Unftod 


QP Rangers ...... 


Oxford United have com- 
pleted a remarkable set of 
achievements since they came 
of age as a Football League 
dub three years ago. They 
have set a new record in each 

In 1984 they finished with 
95 points, the highest total to 
be collected in the third 
division, and won the title, in 
1985 they became the first 
promoted side to win the 
second division champion- 
ship. Yesterday they added 
the Milk Cup to their list of 
trophies and the margin of 
their victory was the widest 
since the competition was 
moved to Wembley almost 
two decades ago. 

The holders then, in 1967, 
happened to be Queen's Park 
Rangers. The score itself 
not surprising but the side that 
was expected to dominate the 
afternoon was Rangers. They 
had been unbeaten in their last 
eight games to lift themselves 
away from the fear of relega- 
tion. they had supposedly the 
superior talent, the better 
organization and were unmis- 

■ takably the clear favourites. 

Yet Rangers were lamenta- 
ble. Woefully poor in defence, 
laborious in midfield and 
negligible in attack, they of- 
fered only one direct attempt 
during the whole game and 
that came, significantly, from 
one of their full backs. Unable 
' to construct a single move of 
any consequence, their chal- 
lenge W 2 S surely one of the 
most feeble ever to have been 
staged in the national 

Picture, page 40 

Jim Smith, the Rangers 
manager who had led Oxford 
into the first division, admit- 
. ted that he was “sickened by 

■ the way that we played and it 

’ was our worst performance of 
the year." No one could aigue 
' with his honest appraisal but 
his words should not diminish 
the increasingly impressive 
display of his former players. 

After an opening half-hour 
of astonishingly low quality. 
Oxford climbed above their 
bewildered and embarrassed 
! opponents and finished wor- 
; thy winners. They were even 
‘ denied a penalty on the way. 
Hebberd. a picture of compo- 
sure, released the dangerous 
Aldridge through the middle 
and he was brought down by 
Wicks inside the area. 

The referee denied Oxford 
then but 1 0 minutes later, with 

Rangers already in sorry disar- 
ray. they look the lead. Mc- 
Donald, in particular, will 
remember the opening goaL 
He was beaten initially for 
speed as Hebberd accelerated 
on to Aldridge's flick. He 
subsequently failed to read the 
intentions of Hebberd who cut 
back from the byline and 
threaded his shot through 
McDonald's legs and inside 
the near post. 

Rangers, no more penetra- 
tive or imaginative after the 
interval, predictably fell apart 
again in the S2nd minute, 
although the approach work 
would have unhinged a for 
more cohesive back four. 
Hebberd and Houghton cov- 
ered about 70 yards with runs 
and passes before Hebberd 
casually rolled the ball across 
for Houghton to tap in from 
half a dozen yards. 

Oxford were by now so far 
ahead that they could afford to 
miss an open goal. Aldridge 
being the guilty party, and for 
two shots from Charles and 
Aldridge again, to be cleared 
off the line. The threat from 
Rangers, even though' they 
replaced Allen with Rosenior 
to strengthen their attack, was 

Four minutes from time 
Oxford, who kept their ideas 
admirably close to the ground, 
were rewarded with another 
goal of simple design. 
Houghton freed Aldridge on 
the right and he controlled 
Hebberd's return pass before 
firing from the edge of the 
area. Barron parried but only 
into the pass of the advancing 

The nephew of the legend- 
ary John Charles nonchalantly 
prodded in the rebound to 
complete the humiliation of 
the club that he left some 18 
months ago. The opponent 
closest to him, as throughout 
the afternoon, was Wicks. The 
pair, who were close friends at 
Loftus Road, now live next 
door to each other. 

Smith, taunted by cries of 
“you should have stayed at the 
Manor" from his former fol- 
lowers. was the first to con- 
gratulate those who conquered 
his new team. Oxford's prize, 
apart from the silverware, was 
£72.000. To think that four 
years ago. before the arrival of 
Robert MaxwelL they were on 
the verge of bankruptcy. 
D Langan. J Trewick. L Phillips, 
G Briggs. M Shonon. R 
Houghton. J Aldridge, J 
Charles, T Hebberd, K Brock. 
Queen's Park Rangers: P 
Barron: A McDonald. I Dawes. 
W Neill S Wicks. T Fenwick. M 
Allen (sub: L Rosenior). R 
James. G Bannister. J Byrne, M 

Referee: K Hacketl (Sheffield). 

:>■ =*<? .. 

Sparred on: Gary Stevens battles for midfield possession (Photograph by Chris Smith) 

tjhm i /J 

Hoddle glows with class 

By Simon O'Hagan 

Tottenham Hotspur 0 

Manchester United........ 0 

With England playing their 
last match before the World Cup 
finals on Wednesday and with 
their preparations, not for die 
first time, being hampered by 
injuries and club commitments, 
it will be of some comfon to 
Bobby Robson that Glenn 
Hoddle is finally fulfilling his 

While almost every other 
position in the national team is 
still open to question, Hoddle's 
seems assured. A player for 
whom inconsistency was once a 
byword has. over the past year, 
proved that creativity docs not 
have to come in bursts. 

The feci that the World Cup is 
to be staged in Mexico — a 
venue ill-suited to most English 
players — is a key element in 
Hoddle's elevation to the status 
of England regular. For it was 
there, on England's tour last 
summer, that his ability to hold 
the ball play at bis own pace 
and produce the telling, accurate 
pass — all skills on which a 

premium is placed in beat and at 
altitude — came into its own. 

Since then Hoddle has main- 
tained his form, despite playing 
for a Tottenham Hotspur side 
whose overall performances 
have fallen a long way short of 
what was expected of them at 
the start of the season. Such was 
the case on Saturday when 
Robson was there to see Hoddle, 
against the greyest of backdrops, 
glowing with class. 

The two minutes immediately 
preceding half-time encap- 
sulated Hoddle's gifts. First a 
lazy-looking chip forward 
caught the Manchester United 
defence square, only for Turner 
to get down well to smother 
Allen's low shot; then Hoddle 
limed a ran forward to perfec- 
tion, met Thomas's cross on the 
half-volley and looked certain to 
score until Turner got across to 
Mock the ball bravely. 

With a third outstanding 
save, low to his left from a sharp 
drive by Thomas. Turner went 
some way to rivalling Hoddle as 
the game's best player. Turner 
has continued to serve United 
well throughout their recent 

Hearts revive at the last trump 

The unquenchable fighting 
spirit of Heart of Midlothian 
enabled them to earn & point in 
a 1-1 draw with Aberdeen at 
Tynecastle yesterday and virtu- 
ally assured them of the League 
championship. They extended 
their unbeaten record to 50 

Although not at their best, 
they fought back to equalize 
three minutes from lime. 
Colquhoun being the marks- 
man. after a composed Aber- 
deen went ahead through a 
penalty scored by Weir. 

A crowd of 19.047 watched 
this. Scotland's first premier 
division game to be televised 
live. It was highly entertaining. 
Hearts were nervous at the start 
andthough they did not equal 
the quality of Aberdeen, they 
never gave up. Only an unlikely 

By Hugh Taylor 

disaster can prevent them win- 
ning the title. 

On Saturday two late goals from 
Archdeacon and McClair ore- 
served Celtic's dwindling hope 
of thwarting that ambition with 
an uninspired 2-0 victory over 
Hibernian. After a bright open- 
ing spell Celtic became over- 
anxious and verged on panic as 
their opponents, who had elimi- 
nated them from the two cup 
competitions this season, de- 
fended valiantly. 

Dundee United are virtually 
out of contention after dropping 
a point in a 1-1 draw with 

gan to play with style and 
conviction. With eight minutes 
remaining. Conroy scored the 

Dundee, who had started ner- 
vously against Motherwell at 

game's best player. Turner 'Oarenport (sub: j Oteen), m Hughes, F 


Waddle may be back 

Dens Park, scored four goals in 
the second half through 
Glennie. Rafferty, Forsyth and 
Brown to gain a point advantage 
over Rangers in the quest for a 
place in Europe next season. 

Rangers again played dis- 
mally to lose 2-1 to a lively St 
Mirren at Paisley. McGarvey 
and Abercromby scored for 
Saints and, in a brief rally in the 
second half. Lawson at last 
found the net for the visitors 

There was nothing to cheer 
the new coach, Walter Smith, 
who was in charge of the team 
for the first time, and the Ibrox 
club are about to end their worst 
League season for 83 years 
because, having lost 14 of their 
34 games, they can finish at best 
with only 36 points, their pre- 
vious worst being 37. 

Chris Waddle is hoping to 
retain his place in the England 
team against Scotland on 
Wednesday despite missing 
Tottenham's goalless game with 
Manchester United on Sat- 
urday. A stomach virus caused 
Waddle to lose 71b in weight, but 
he will report to White Han 
Lane today for training. 

Tottenham’s manager. Peter 
Shreeve. said : “Chris has man- 
aged to put a couple of pounds 
bock on and it is now a question 
of him getting some fluid 

England's manager, Bobby 
Robson, a spectator at White 
Hart Lane, refused to write off 
Waddle's chances of feeing Scot- 
land. He said rChris looks thin 
and pale, but he still has a few 
days to get some food down and 
keep it in. The most important 


First division 





Han City 

Strati Wed 

Second division 





NoRtaGhem For 
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Man United 
West Ham 

Manctwster Utd 
West Haro IM 
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Coventry Ottr 
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52 70 39 
28 50 38 
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1 Chariton 

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Motts County 1 N e wport 

Won 3 Plymouth 

York 2 Lincoln 

Fourth division 
Aldershot 6 Stockport 
Cambridge Utd 1 Crewe 
Esetor Q Bu rnley 

MenstMd 1 Swindon 
Orient O Chester 

few! Vale 2 Pet e rboro u 

Wrexham S Torquay 

Scottish premier division 
Cattle 2 Htoor n tsn 

Ctydobanh 1 Dundee Utd 

Dundee 4 Mother w sS 

Hearts P ht i wdsse 

SlMmeri 2 Reopen 

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SvTaasws 0 : FmchfcV 1 . QtMOty 1 ; 
fELLfifa/Brontey 1. HarWw i. Tftwry 

1: Ctrattont S» 1 i 

rsttffsa*— *2? 

FtoetoW# 0. 

awjpad ir fehafli 1. Horuom J. 

Pefinam ft Djmmg * 2 

Southed £ Mam* J. 2. 

Meir malitaa FoWtt 1. 5|Wrt*CH 1: 
RuslphUnar ft MoHscy 1. "wing 1. 
Gomberfey ft 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE Framer dhriston; 
Eddtvortti 2. Crawiey 1 . Dudley 4. Corny 0: 
Fsikestor-u 1, Gascon 0: Gravesend 1. 
Ai» WuCH 0. Kings Lynn 1 , Witney 0: RS 
Saumampten z. Fsner 4. Shepstwd 2. 
FjioFarr 1 . iveumg 5. Basingstoke ft 
"■•Herman 1. Aylesbury 1; Worcestw 1, 
Chelmsford 1 Midland divlsloa: 
Bridgnorth 0. Banbury (fc Brcmsgrove 1. 
Leicester United ft Grantham 3 Forest 
Green ft Hecnesford 5. Otobury 2: 
Leamington 0. Coventry Sporting ft Mfle 
Can t. Moor Green 0. Redotch 0. Merthyr 
Tydfil 3: Steurbroge 3, Rushden ft VS 
Rugby l . Sutton Coldfield 0: 
IWlmgoorBuqh 3. Bison 1. Southern 
danse*: Andover ft Shsppey 1 ; Ashford 
1 Thanot 0: Burnham and HJhngdon 1. 
□erdmoor 2; Chamaro 2. Camtmdge City 
t. Conntfnan 1, Poofe I; Dover ft 
Tonbndne ft Hascngs United 2, WootUdd 
ft Rjoi-o 3. Waterioovws ft SaHsury ft 
Bunsanie 1: Trowtmdge 1. Erttn ana 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: FFrd dMs l oit: Man- 
chasie: United 1. West Bromwich Abon 
0. Nottingham Forest 5. Been bum 1. 

nskin: Oicnarer I. SSming 3 : East- 
bKrnie Town 3. Shoreham 1. hor s n am 
t. Burp^ss HJ* 3: Lmtahamsion ft 
Hai tnanj 0 . f.Whurst and Easeooume 0 . 
-runce; 0. Rinamer 0 Paasehavon and 
* -:"ww*e 1 ; Wnitoftawk ft Three Bridges 

Demy County 
Wigan Am 
Plymouth Argyle 

York City 
Notts Caurrty 
Doncaster Rvrs 
Bristol Coy 
Rotnemam Utd 

Bristol Rovers 
Bolton Wandra 
Da rtw gton 

Newoort County 
Cardiff Coy 
Swansea City 
Uncoir City 

4227 7 6 
392112 6 
422112 9 
4222 911 
4420 915 
4218 915 
41 161213 
41 1611 14 
<315 919 
4214 919 
4214 8 20 
371311 13 
43 12 13 18 
4211 1120 

42 91617 
4411 924 
4311 923 
41 91418 

43 91024 

64 47 88 
71 34 75 
TO 44 75 
re 51 75 

76 51 73 
86 62 69 
66 52 63 

63 58 63 
42 46 63 

53 56 B1 
60 54 60 
62 45 59 
56 55 54 

64 65 54 
47 69 51 
52 57 50 

54 61 50 
56 61 49 
56 62 44 

47 64 43 
50 79 42 
42 B1 42 
49 70 41 

48 90 37 

Swindon Town 
Port Vate 
Mansfield Town 
Hartlepool utd 
Crewe fijax 
Hereford Utd 
Southend Utd 
Colchester UB 
Exeter City 
Tranmera Rvre 
Halifax Town 
Scunthorpe Utd 
Putin boiough 
Preston N-End 
Torquay Utd 

4228 6 8 70 
<32115 7 79 
422015 7 65 
41211010 67 
4320 914 64 
42171213 70 
44171215 82 
4317 917 74 
4317 917 52 
43181017 70 
42161016 61 
41151214 73 
4216 917 56 
43131418 44 
4315 820 61 
4315 7 21 72 
4215 720 58 
41131218 55 
421214 16 45 
401311 IB 51 
4211 1615 47 
4313 921 59 
4311 824 SI 
43 91024 42 

Dundee Utd 





St wren 




3319 9 5 
341711 6 
331710 6 
331510 8 
3413 714 
3412 814 
3412 517 
3411 617 
34 8 6 20 
33 fi 621 

F A Pis 

57 30 47 
56 28 45 

58 38 44 
54 29 40 
43 <9 33 
50 44 32 
40 57 29 
47 68 28 

29 70 20 

30 61 18 

Premier division: Abmgoon Town 4, 
Supermerme tt Aftnondsbury Greenway 
O.waihngiord ft Brceswi, Sharpness 3; 
Fatfford 1. MOreton i Maidenhead Town 
v AttngdonUruteo - postponed; Pegasus 
Jomors v Thame — postponed ; Raynors 
Lane 1 . Hounslow 0: ShOrtwood 1 . Yaw 0. 

mier dMaioo: Ash 11. Fleet 0; Sae 
Weybridgo 6. Cove 0; CoWiam 1. Hartley 
Wrtney 5; Cranleigh 1 . Chertaey ft 
Fartwgh 2. Godalrmig 4; Farrham 2. 
viresua Water 1: Fnmley Green 1 . Malden 
ft Midden Vale 0. Honey i : Uerotham 0. 
Chodham f. 

LEAGUE: Pre mi er OvMok AmptMl ft 
Hottwach 2: Breckloy 1. Eynoabury ft 
Desborough ft StotfoW ft Intftngtwoggh 

1. BuckifKham ft Newport Pagneli ft 
Raunds 0; Nortftangiton Spencer v 
RotftwsH. pouponsd. Potion 1. Wooden 


diwloie Denaby ft Armthorpo 
Welfare ft Fersiey Cede 1. Atodd ft 
Gwseiey 4. Artreton ft Heanor 5. Sutton 
Town o Hreto n l. Blpe r 1; Long Eaton 
1. Fmiey 1. Porttefraa CoHenes 2. 

PSSSS-n’i. ’■ 

mier dhwton: BertttWie ft Bnstt City 
Reserves 0, Btcetoro 1. Ctevedon T; 
Chard 0. Uskeara 6; CWppennom 1, 
Exmoum i: Daw«sh ft Oendown 1; 
Pautton 1. Tomngton 1; Ptymoutt Areyfe 
HesemeB 0. itoMnam 1: Sattasti ft 
Mangots&eid 3; Shepton Matot ft BrtsteJ 
Manor Farm 4; Westerveuper-Mera B. 

WrWoft Curzon Ashton ft Rjnrtw ft 
Eastwood Hanley ft Laytand Moore 1; 
FlMWrOOd 1, Mam 1 ; Glbssop 1 , Acoiig- 
Stanley 3; Leek ft Pam* 0; Prescot 
Cables 0. Radchtfe 1: Wlnstord 1. 



Stafybndge Cotta 0. Cfitfieroe 1 

FMt dhMmc Bedmgoi ft South Bank ft 
Bffnglum Synttiorta ft Wh«ey Bay ft- 
Btthop Auddano ft Pewlee ft rarrytin 1 
Chestfr le Street 1. Hartteoooi 4; Consett 

0. Rynope CA 1. Brandon ft Spennymocr 

1. Gretna 4; Tow Law ft BUngham ft 
Whdby v Ncnh SMeida - postponed. 

dhtetem Amereham ft Bedoon 1; 
Bnmsdown 0. Yeeding ft Crown and 
Manor ft Cdker Row 3: Hanwel 0. RedU 
1, Pannent ft Nonfwood ft 9wanioy ft 
Edgware ft Thatcham 4, Damon ft 

Disdtery ft BaBymena 3, Glermvon ft 
Careck 0. C&ftonvfla 1: Crusaders 2, 
Bangor ft Nawry 1, Cofarakie ft 
Portadown ft Lutfiefa 1. 

ESSEX SS«n LEAGUE Bowers ft 
Ha!st88d 0; BrWitRngaeB 5. Coggretad ft 
ChoUTOtord 1. Wrvenhoe 2; Eaa Thurrock 
2. Convey island 1: Eton Manor v wnitam. 
postponed: Malden 1. B r ent w ood ft 
1. Fanil. 

Metfock 2: Buxton 2. Rhyl ft Ceemafen 3. 
Moracantte ft GBteshewl 2. Oswesby ft 
Goole 0. Charley 4; Hyde 2. Worwngton ft 
Mecdeshekl ft Sautfvorr Ir Mrine 2. 
Mosatoy ft South Liverpool ft Burton ft 
Wrtton i. Gatosborough ft Workaop ft 
Norwich 1. 

Swmdon, posooned: Bnghton ft MiBwaB 
1 : Readng ft wrtstnouin^ 3: Southaneaan 
1, Tottenham ft Swansea ft BtoetoB he tn 
4; West Ham 5. Miera t. 

Bralmree ft Gortaston i: aacton p. Ely 1: 
Colchester United Reserves ft fjstonft 
Fetacstowe 1 , Great Yarmouth 1: HavertA 
6, Ttotree ft Lowestoft ft Sonam i : March 
ft Harach and Partoasan ft Newmarket 
ft Sudbury ft- Stowmerkai 5. Chatteris ft 
Wisbech 5, Brantham 1. 

Leading scorers 

FRST DIVISION: G Unkar (Evertori). S4; 
J Aldridge (Oxford Uneed]. 29: I Rah 
{Uverpool ). ». F McAveieda (West Hand, 

J.uL tf'nw ■ i - « « s 2 ° t o ■ O 'nn^iOai.Kiae-Mn«»iiSk J, J, A i A til i J, 

SECOND DfVISJOtfc K DtMreB (NorwtohL 
23. 1C BertKttn (Stoka). 21 : F Bm> mtf£ 
2ft K Edwards (Shefheto United). 2ft 

THRD DMSUN: C Ctofce (Bourne- 
mouth), 34; T Soar (Reattnd), 28; K 
JjMwm (Yortft 27; N Cnrea (WNsri). 24. 
FOURTH HVIsiotfc D Crown 
teWgai*: S Taylor (Rochdale). 

Upton Park form Champions 

horses enter 

the home straight Sflf 

By CKve White lost their southern softy image, 

y it would seem they still have By Vince Wright 


West Ham 

one of the goalkeepers Robson 
wants to take to Mexico. 

Hoddle and T inner excepted, 
there was title to catch the eye in 
a match in which neither side 
seemed quite convinced of the 
relevance of the occasion. 
Whiteside, suffering from an. 
injured back, was not his usual 
abrasive self, though he did 
come closest to a goal for United 
when his shot from the edge of 
the area bounced off the angle of 
post and bar. The best that could 
be said for United was that they 
came away with their self- 
respect intact, which is all they 
have recourse to now that their 
championship challenge is fi- 
nally over. 

Thomas, C Hughtoir, G Roberts, P Ml ter. 
G Stevens. G Mabtxift C Alan (sub: J 
ChledozM). G HodtSe, A Gahm. 

Gidmen, A Attsion, N wtvteada. P 
McGrath, W Carton, M Duxbury, P 

• On a line through Watford, as 
the racing men might say. West 
Ham's form looks superior to 
Everton's. Both sides have 
beaten Watford with a couple of 
lengths to spare in the last few 
days foil as Graham Taylor, the 
Watford manager, pointed out. 
West Ham did so with a lot 
more to spare. Just as in raring, 
though, handicapping applies 
and m that respect West Ham 
have a lot to do. 

After their midweek fen it was 
encouraging to see them re- 
mount, determined to get bade 
into the race. They now enter 
the home straight with four 
consecutive games at Upton 

Park, by the end of which they 
could be at the hind quarters of 
the joint Merseyside leaders. 
But one senses it is the onerous 
finishing back straight of two 
away games at West Bromwich 
Albion, and, appropriately. 
Everton that will test their 
stamina and championship 

Encouragingly, some of West 
Ham’s finest performances this 
season' have been away from 
their own yard, notably at Old 
Traf fo id in the FA Cup and 
Stamford Bridge. To those they 
could add their relentless assault 
at Vicarage Road on Saturday 
when Taylor conceded that “we 
were beaten by a better side in 
every department". He added: 
“They controlled us in a way 
that Everton didn't do. They 
had more idea than Everton of 
what they were doing as a 

This, however, ignores 
Evertoa's resilient qualities and 
the feet that they won without 
playing welL In midweek when 
West Ham did not play well 
they Iosl Though no one would 
disagree that West Ham have 

lost their southern softy image, 
it would seem they still have 
some toughening to do by 
northern standards. 

McClelland, die Watford centre 
back, said that Everton's advan- 
tage in the physical stakes was 
still noticeable. 

A comparison of the qualities 
of Lineker and Cottee was more 
difficult since McClelland could 
only have had a fleeting glimpse 
of those high-speed robbers. He 
did well to restrict both — 
Lineker on the previous Tues- 

day - to one „ — 

Cottee strikes with such alac- 
rity that be sometimes seems 
too hasty for his own good. You 
tend to forget that he reaches 

parts that other forwards do not. 

Taylor was dearly more im- 
pressed with Cottee than 

McAvennie. the other half of the 
double act. He said of Cottee: 
“We haven't got something that 
works like that in the box.” 

• Watford, so ravaged by injury 
that West had to play instead of 
convalescing, saw their one 
hope come and go after five 
minutes when West tentatively 
side-footed a good chance over 
the crossbar. 

From then on it was a battle of 
survival as West Ham splattered 
the Watford goal with shots 
from all angles. Ward was 
incessant, whether crossing or 
shooting (be hits both balls the 
same way). Having flashed a 
volley against the crossbar, 
Cottee. from .a similar position, 
pounced successfully in the 59th 
minute before McClelland or 
Coton could Mink. Watford 
eventually collapsed to the East 
Enders' old one-two 20 seconds 
before the final bell when 
McAvennie caught them on the 

WATFORO: A Ooton; N Gfcte, P FranWto 
(sub: N Smite), B TafaoL S Tarry. J 
MeCWtantf, W Storing. O Bsrttstoy. C 
West K Jackatt J Bamas. 

WEST HAM UNTIED: P Parkes; R Stew- 
art. G Pams. A Gala. A Martin, A 
DevonsrtnB. M Ward, F McAvenma, A 
Dickens. A Cortae, N Moor. 

Rofaraa: J Bray (HMday; 

McKellar makes 
Chelsea suffer 

By Nicholas Harliag 

question concerns his general 
fitness, but he must be in with a 
chance of playing.” 

Graeme Sharp, who headed 
the goal that gave Everton a 1-0 
win over Ipswich at Goodison 
Park, has been forced to with- 
draw from the Scotland squad. 
Sharp has an ankle injury. 

Kenny Dalglish, whose Liver- 
poo] team were at West 
Bromwich on Saturday, has 
withdrawn Mark Lawrenson 
and Jim Beg] in from the Repub- 
lic of Ireland squad for 
Wednesday’s friendly against 
Uruguay in Dublin. Dalglish 
said Lawrenson, who made an 
unexpected comeback, had re- 
ceived a slight recurrence of the 
ankle stress fracture which had 
put him out of action for four 

The frony of felling out of the 
championship race as serious 
contenders may not be lost on 
Chelsea. David McKellar, New- 
castle United's on-loan goal- 
keeper who did roost to defy 
them on Saturday, injured a hip 
in the 1-1 draw at Stamford 
Bridge And may Hii« tonight's 
game at West Ham United. 

It wiD be to Chelsea's irrita- 
tion if West Ham, whom they 
beat at Upton Park on Tuesday, 
benefit from McKeDaYs absence 
by staying in pursuit tonight 
Newcastle's problem is that 
their first choice, Thomas, has a 
troublesome shoulder. One of 
them will have to face West 
Ham. Chelsea's cause might not 
have been so hopeless had 
Nevin put away some easy 
chances either side of the goal he 
did score, which was later 
cancelled out by one from 

Liverpool stayed on top. by 
virtue of an unconvincing 2-1 
away victory against the bottom 
club. West Bromwich Albion. 
Madden equalized an early goal 
by Dalglish, only for Rush to 
plunder Liverpool's winner in 
the second telf 

With the exception of those 
matches involving the 
championship, every other first 
division fixture had the relega- 
tion issue ai stake. Not even 
Manchester City, after their 2-1 
home defeat by No ttingh a m 
Forest, can breathe safely, 
particularly since Coventiy City, 
for whom Pickeriim scored the 
only goal against Lnfoa Town, 
are showing signs of making 
their annual great escape. Aston 
Villa's 2-0 defeat at Sheffield 

Wednesday leaves them feeing 
an anxious last two matches u 
they are not to join West 
Bromwich and Birmingham 
City in the second division next 
season. Birmingham's relega- 
tion became certain when they 
went down 2-0 at home to 
Southampton before a post-war 
record low crowd of 5,833 at St 

With Norwich City securing 
the second division champion- 
ship in their 1-1 home draw 
against Stoke C5ty it is still two 
from the next four to join them, 
Portsmouth being the 
favourites. Stung into action by 
the public criticism of their 
manager, Alan Ball, they ended 
a run of three reverses with a 3-1 
victory a gainst Grimsby Towi^ 

With Wimbledon and 
Charlton Athletic held to 1-1 
draws at Shrewsbury Town and 
Hull City respectively. Crystal 
Palace kept their remote hopes 
alive with their biggest win of 
the season, 3-0 against Leeds 
United. Leeds had Sheridan sent 
off and others to discover the 
feel of loneliness in an empty 
dressing room were Stevens, of 
Shrewsbury, Marden boro ugh, 
ofNewport County, and Barries, 
of Wolverhampton Wanderers. 

Parker, of Fulham, who are all 
but down, also left early but it 
was a dislocated shoulder that 
caused his departure at Carlisle 
United, whose 2-1 win means 
that Bob Stokoe may yet push 
his old dub. Sun de r la n d , Lawrie 
McMenemy and all, into the 
third division, despite their 2-0 
victory over Barnsley. 

Everton — — J 

Ipswich Town 0 

Everton took another step 
towards retaining their League 
title in a match which empha- 
sized the widening gap in quahty 

between teams near the top and 
bottom of the first division. 
Everton. in second place, won 
without playing anything like as 
well as mey can while Ipswich 
Town, in nineteenth p osition , 
were oonaantiy on the retreat, 
even before injuries to $ 
Zondervan and lYAvray re- f 
duced them to 10 men for much J 
of the second half. J 

D’Avray. who was carried off A 
after 55 minutes, has damaged a 1 
knee ligament and is out for die \ 

remainder of the season. ' 

Despite Ipswich's desperate } 
need for three points, it ap- 'i 
peared that their intention was ! 
simply to contain Everton. ’ 
whose s u pp o rters seemed bored 
with the one-sided nature of the 
contest. Ipswich did not force a 
corner until five minutes from 
the end and their only genuine 
goal attempt was made seconds 
rater when a cleanly struck shot 
by Gleghom brought a good 
save from Minims at the foot of 
a post 

It is easy to see why Ipswich 
have the worst scoring record in 
the League and have failed to 
register a goal in their last four 
games. They will have to be 
bolder in thrir three remaining 
fixtures, starting on Saturday 
when they are at home to 
Oxford United, their feflow 
relegation stragglers and the 
Milk Cup winners. Whoever 
comes off second best will 
probably lose their first division 

The game in ‘hand which 
Everton have over Liverpool is 
looking more priceless by the 
week as the Merseyside teams 
continue to be separated only by 
goal difference. Everton have 
four matches left and perhaps 
their biggest test wiD be on 
Saturday against Nottingham 
Forest, who have a habit of 
upsetting championship 

Everton had so much pos- 
session and forced so many 
corners that it was surprising 
that they created so few chances. 
The opening minutes augured 
well with Steven's forceful 
header hitting the upright and 
Heath's lob from the rebound 
being headed off the line by 
Cranson but from then on the 
proce e dings were almost as drab 
as the weather. It was mainly 
because of Cranson and his 
centre bark partner. Butcher, 
that Everton bad to wait until 
the 64lh minute for their break- 
through. The pair were for once 
caught out as Richardson deliv- 
ered a diagonal centre from the 
left and Sharp timed his Jump 
perfectly to glance the ball into 
tiie roof of tin net. 

Everton were unable to in- 
crease their lead and it was a 
depleted Ipswich who amw 
closest to scoring in the final 
seconds. If only they had had the 
courage to have started the 
match as they finished it — on 
the attac k. 

EVERTON: R Mhnms: G Stems. P Von 
Dan Hauwa^K Ratcfifle, D Moontffew. p 
^ Q Stefp. P 


KWtCH TOWIfc P Coopar; S McCal. | 
/Wans. R Zondorvan (sute M StodcwaS). I 
Cranson. T Butchar. N Gtogttom. M 
Brennan. M D'Avrey. KWBson, J Dozzafl. 
n teare a e A Saunders (N a rec aatt a cgwn- 

Shamrock treble 

Shamrock Rovers won the 
League of Ireland championship 
for the third year in succession 
when they defeated Cork City 4- 
0 at Mill town yesterday. 


Scottish first division 

AMriaooiam 2 Aw United 
Clyde 1 Mb* 

ERte 2 MuhUu b b 

MM 2 Brochta 

Fortor 2 PWtfcfc 

W a nton * 2 Honan 

XtonrMck 3 Dumfaortor 

Eleventh-hour appeal 




Forfar Ath 

East Fife 





Brechin Ot« 
Ayr IJnrtDd 


3522 8 6 
3717 812 
3616 911 
371211 14 
37 91513 

36 8 1612 
3612 717 

37 91315 
371011 16 
34 51316 

71 40 52 
S3 36 42 
59 4E 42 
56 48 42 
47 39 41 
SO 43 40 

49 46 35 
52 59 35 

50 83 33 
41 52 32 
52 60 31 
41 53 31 
38 55 31 
41 63 23 

Scottish second division 
Artiroott a Quean oiSto 

P o ntomiUn e 4 ESfltttog 

Maadowtiar* 3 Berwick 

Quean'* Part 0 Cowdaobeteh 

SMigARi 3 RatthR 

Si Johnstone 1 AMonR 

Stranraer 0 Ratew* 

Queen of 9th 
Queen s Park 
Si Johnson* 
StrrBng Ab 
Rath Row 
East Sure™ 
Atoton Rovers 

3523 7 6 
352110 4 
3719 810 
371611 TO 
3718 415 
3615 013 
3615 313 
3414 614 
3513 715 
3812 717 
3511 420 
36 71118 
35 7 6 20 
38 7 524 

65 27 53 
S3 44 52 
59 35 46 
63 46 43 
62 54 40 

50 40 38 

51 45 38 
50 SB 34 
47 48 33 
57 61 31 
43 61 28 
45 71 25 
34 77 22 
38 77 19 

By Jim Raflton 

The Amateur Rowing Associ- a per c 
ation are launching an appeal in away. I 
view of a shortfall of nearly emerge: 
£45.000 oo their international further 
budget this year. If it is on- year wa 
successful the programmes of The s 
the juniors in particular and the cately h 
lightweights in general will be guidanc 
severely curtailed. The juniors The cat 
are the root of the sport and the The Bri 
lightweights have a distin- be sele 
guisbed medal-winning record, tailored 

It seems desperately late for availabl 
action. Rowing receives gen- lions in 
erous grants from the Sports three ' 
Council and the Coe Committee compos 
for Olympic preparations; but the wor 
these funds are tied to specific 
projects and are non-transfer- If the 
able. So there are huge shortfalls their ti 
in the overall budget; and the scrapper 
ARA cannot expect a penny The liki 
more from the Sports CounciL those s 
Thus the ARA have to use their parents, 
own initiative to generate clock a 
income. days an 

Next year they could face an could se 
even worse crisis. They must to meet 
review their internal system of East Get 
funding and the introduction of Britain t 

a per capita levy cannot be far 
away. It was clear at Saturday's 
emergency meeting that any 
further taxation on dubs this 
year was a non-starter. 

The appeal needs to be deli- 
cately handled and professional 
guidance might be advisable. 
The cause is good and emotive. 
The British junior team should 
be selected on merit and not 
tailored according to the funds 
available. After school examina- 
tions in J uly juniors have almost 
three werics to form new 
composite crews before meeting 
the world's best. 

If the appeal is unsuccessful 
their training camp will be 
scrapped or drastically reduced. 
The likely survivors could be 
those supported by better-off 
parents. This will turn back the 
clock a decade or more. Hie 
days are well post when you 
could send a public school eight 
to meet the Soviet Union and 
East Germany — the practice in 
Britain until the penny dropped. 



Aberdeen i. 

MULTIPART LEAGUE: Potepone d : Bsv I 

Wales blow 

Pat Van Den Hauwe, the 
Everton defender, has dis- 
appointed the Wales manager. 
Mike England, by withdrawing 
from tonight's international 
against the South American 
champions. Uruguay, at Wrex- 

ham. because of a groin injury. , 
England, who watched the Bel- 
gian-born Van Den Hauwe help , 
Everton beat Ipswich on Sal- > 
unlay, said: “He looked pretty j 
fit when he walked off at the 
end. It's disappointing to lose 1 
him but if he's injured, he’s i 
injured. “ 

10789) 29S6S3 or TMurtnnatar 
SffcHK coteHUtr a Bmi 


nay 780 and Hgtnty. Romeo 
and JuUat returns May 2 ai 
new %mm Haiti Tn NaMa 
Nnrena opens Sal 7JO and 
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■ten in <16 May) For rkUI 
iwni/iinMre *ab ana hotel 
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lakttf'Datly Man 

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WDB* 1NM1K/ 



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May am 19 May. 

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3 . 00 . Sait 8.00 4 a jo 

TO H Human, out LlmUM 
wwin a April. 10 May. All 
1 Ms only- £7.30 * fAQq 

when we are Marred 

By J B mcana|r ' v 


WO*tO“S. Exsnna 


l (If* 1 

L ^ 

V - 

'] J 



’s television and radio programmes arwd Peter Davalle 


BBC 1 

&0D Ceofax AH. 

. Bough, Sebna Scott. 

Deb&e Greenwopd and 
.. N8*Bow:Aspflciafly 

avtenrteri MfMgn • 

Mj^r^rwtha Queen’s - 
. eotfthtrthdfay, with reports 
' from Windsor, 

Sandrtngham and outside 
Buckingham Paiaca. 
7.25, 7.5s, JL25 and &5S; 
ragionat news, weather, 
and traffic at 6-57. 7.27, 
7.57 and 8.27; national and 
werratoal news at 7.00. 
74(0, 8.00,8^0 and 9.00. 
104X1 Ambit Magazine. TTns ' 
week's edmon of the 

- magazine programme for 
. ^ isnwomenfaidudesa 

preview of the axhtofflon 

of Kashmiri shawls at the 
CommcmwBBtth Institute bi 
London 10.30 Play 

KL50 World Saookar. Embassy 
World Professional^^ 
Snooker Championship 
mattes involving Terry 
Griffiths and Tony Meo. 
11.15 The Queen's Bnihtlay. 

The Service of 
Thanksgiving attended by 

The Queen and other 
, members of the Royal 
Family at St George's 
Chapel, Windsor. 

12 4t0 Great Gardens. Alan 
Titchmarsh visits the 
gardens of the Queen 
MotfieTs Castle of 
12-30 News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore and 
Frances Coverdale, 
Indudes news heacAws 
. . with subtitles 124SS- 

- Regional newsand 

14)0 Pebble MBI at One 
Indudes Grant Baynhara 
with a witty and 
affectionate musical 
trtoute to The Queen. 1.4S 

24)0 World Snooker. Further 
: action to toe matches 
. involving Terry Griffiths 
and Tony Meo. 

. 3jOB Royal Herfbue: The 
Queen and PrbtcePhSp. 

A repeat of the final 
episode of the celebrated 
series presented by the 

- late Sir HuwWheidon 
which shows how the 
present Royal Family have 
extended and enhanced 
the collection and 
treasures and blindings 
that make up the royal 
heritage- 4JM! Regional 

. - news. • 

44)6 The Queen's Etirtiiday- 
Greetings from the 
Young. Rve thousand 
children from the United 
Kingdom and the 
Commonwealth parade 
down the MaM to present a 
living boquet to their 
Queen, with the band of 
the Grenadier Guards. . 
445 Wacky Races.- Cartoon (r) 
4*55 John Craven's 
Newsrotind 546 Blue ~ 

. Peter. News of a 

competition in which the ' 
prize is at the Royal ' 

. ’ ram Premiere of a new.. 
Bjggtes advardure. 

• (Ceefax) 535 Charles In. . 

■ Charge. American comedy 

'..-.'I. series about a male,- . 

• teenagad nanny. Last kt 

r r -' 

LOO Ne w s withlfichdtas ... 
Wltchen arid Andrew. 

Harvey. Weather. 

6-35 London Ptmpresemed by 
Jeremy Paxman. 

74)0 Wogan. With our hero stffl 
on his hols, his piece. is - -' 

- taken by. Kenneth ... _- 
Wiliams. His guests' 

• fridode Derek Nimmo, .. 
Janet Brown, and Norman 
Parkinson. Plus, a song • 
from Elaine Paige. 

7.35 ’Happy Birthday Dear 
Mafem—’ {Ceefax) (see ' . 
Choice) ■ 

94X1 News with Julia SomervUe 
and Andrew Harvey. 

MO Panora ma : T e rrori sm -the 
Elusive Enemy. Reports 

from around the world on 

the flkety developments 

resulting from Reagan's 

attack on Libya 

10.10 The Queen’s Birthday. 
&jeLawtey Introduces 

114)0 World Snooker. The 
Embassy World 

Professional Snooker 


12.10 Weather. 


6.15 Good 

I andJdck Owen. 
News with Gordon 

sport at S40 end 745* 
exertases at <L56; cartoon 

i cerebrate 
theQueen's birthday at 
*■32; Jlmmy GrBaves’s 
840; fashion boss. 

•94H; Dr Richard Ferber 
c&icurjsas baby-si 
problems at 0 . 12 . 


825 Thames new* headlines 

- fotowedbyForSCfiootte 
port one of a fHm about an 
Irish workhorse 947 How 

. water is collected, stored 
and processed for use 
. -949 Sex. education and 
human retationsWps 10.16 

- Modem China 10J8 Do 
Americans stiflbeSeve that 

- thek country is the 
promised land? TUBA 
tom of the Portuguese 
capita!, Lisbon 1x22 

• Maths: sofids 11 .39 Clips 
-from French television and 

12JD0 Tickle on the Turn. Vlflage 
tales for the young T2.10 
Let's Pretend to me story 
of the Jelly Baby Jumble 


12L30 Baby and Co. Dr Miriam 
I discusses fire 
3ms and treatment of 


1-00 NmnaiDn+wdhLeanwT] 
Parkin 149 Thames news. 
1.30 F&n: Tho Might Ca&er 
fl 965) starring John 
Saxon, Maurice Denham 
and Patricia Haines. 
Science fiction thriller 
about an unwelcome- 
visitor from outer space. 
Directed by John Gang.. 
Ilniv rrM y H i Blkw i nw 
University of BnstcJ v 
University of Liverpool 
3425 Thame* news 

3J0 Happy Birthday Your 
Majesty. Michael Groth, 
Nino FJrstto arid Victoria 

Studd Join the 5,000’ 

people as they parade up 
theMailto Buckingham 
Palace accompanied by 
bands and floats, to smg a 
song commemorating the 
Queen's 60th birthday. 
.4*50 Ha-Mori and Mastered 
the Universe. Animated 
science fiction adventures. 
5*15 Connections. 

5*45. News with Alastair 
Stewart 64» Thames 
news presented by Trlda 
Ingrams and John 

The Qeeea with Prince Andrew: 
BBC L, 735pm 

•Hop from channel to 
channel today, on both TV 
radio, from momtng to noon 
imd night, and there it wifi be; 
somoming or someone 
celebrating the Owen's flOth 
birthday M random, and to 
Andrade the enormous breadth of 
p» royal p roq r ara n un gj i 
out »» gw maw at the f 
Opera House ( TTV, 8.00pm), a 
second showing of me final film 
h the Huw Whwdon senes 
/toys? HertageJBQG 13.00pm), 
the Senrice of Thanks^wng 
at St George’s ChapeLWindsor 
(Ratio 4, 11 ,15am) and - the 

only one of the c ommem orative 
programmes! have been able 
to see in advance - HAPPY 
(88C 1. 7.3Spm).lf the rest of 
today’s royal coverage is as 
unstuffy and entertaffwig as 


Jenny Banadough’s 
documentary, it wM be a 
nwada.The most deferential 
comment I caught m Luoovk: 
Kennedy's cornnentary is a 
wt^Munwi phrase about the 
virtue of conamy and the 
continuity of virtue displayed in 
frie Queen's 

reran. Nothjhg.reaHy. is missing m 

tfus Jouney back through me 
Me of the woman who. m the 
branches of a Kenyan free, 
went to bed a princess and woke 
Up a queen. 

•SEACOAL (Channel 4. 

1 1 .00pm) is an amalgam of 
documentary fiction and 
simulated tact end an integration 
of amateur actors and 
professionals. This Amber Films 

onemau: breakthrough some of 
my more impress oneKe 
colleagues have said it ts.buf is it 
a strikir.c example or mat 
genre cf realistic film-making that 
regards story-jne as less 
important than is the 

only ! have ever seen 
about a community wnose 
existence depends entirety 
cn re vagarious oenerosity of 
ne tides. 


cr.c: se . Kaleidoscope s helping 
hand ter anyone interested in 
making a living out oi the arts 
(Radic 4,9.45??^). and Max 
vcr Sch.::^=s s opera Mona Lisa 
(Race 3. S.COpmjwhicri 
offers an explarsnor. about the 
most famous sm:ie m me 

Peter Davalle 

(piano). Debugs 

f Radio 3 ) ISMS 

BBC 2 

6J5 Opw Unh m aBy a Maths ■ 

Convergence. Ends at 

9.00 CMfax. 

949 DayttimaewTiMX 
Economics -i 

famSytKe in Ghana 
the UK 104)0 For four- and 
fiv»year olds 10.15 A 
musical story from Java 
10J8 History: Seebohm 
Rowntree's 1899 
invasttoation into the fives 
of tfta York poor 114» 


the Parfrisnon 1US? The 
(tifterence between town 
and country 11.40 English: 

[124)0 Worid Snooker. More first 
round action from the 

game with Danny Fowler: 
as does Tony Meo who is 
piaymg John Parrott. 

24)0 Daytime on Two; Words 
and pictures 2.13 The 
drawbacks ter a country 
retying on tourism 240 A 
computer helps a potential 

&25 HafpiATiv Tayfor'Gee . 
reviews two books - 
RaUog Money for Wdmen 
■“ -a Survivor's Guide: and 
Working Holidays 1988. 
&35 Crossroads. Royieete - 
; remorse after an early .. . 
morning row with Diane. 
74M) Nature Watch. Julian 
Pettifer joins Mark: 

• Sten .' fT?rice on a visit to 
B herd of whfre oryx, the 

■ animab that inspired the 
unicomiegeiid. (Oracle) 
7-30 Coronatioh Street Susan 
. and Mike put theft* ' 
cpUectivs toot down and 
refuse to let anyone else 
frieddiewjlhlheir fives. 
84)0 Fenfarefor ESzabeflL A 
•• Gala Concert from the 
_ Royal Opera House, 

-j Cowrit Garden, where the 
Queen and other members 
ctffteRojrad Famfty attend 
aperformance featuring 
, intemafronaliy renowned 
artistes from the worlds of 
opera, ba&et, efrarria, 

• music, modem dance and 

- gnsp al 
after the news] 

9 JO Hew* with Sandy Gal and 
■* Pamela Armstrong. 

104)0 Fanfaro for Efizabaih 

■ continued. * 

114)0 Thamnm headlines. 

114)5 FtoK Every Mdre She 

Makes (1S®4) starring 
Julto NMl An Austra&an 
macMoMBleVMon thrfflor 
about a young woman 
- . tKJundeaby apsyovatlL 
Directed by Catherine - 
MWar. . 

1235 Night Thoughts. 

34)0 World Snooker. First 
round action in the 
Embassy World 
Professional Snooker 
Championship Involving 
matches between Alex 
Higgins and John 
Spencer; and Ray 
Reardon and John 
84)0 Young Musician of the 
Veer. Humphrey Burton 
Introduces the nve Piano 
finaSsts. The judges are 
Alun Hodd&wtt. Bernard 
Keeffe, Jeremy Menuhin, 
Phyflis Seflick andCraig 

SM raroSpinoutf1966) 

starring Elvis Presley who 
sings eight songs in this 
tale of an eiigfble bachelor 
who wants to retain Ns 
status despite the 
■ attentions of three 
admirers. WrttrSheBey 
Fabares, Diane McBain 
and Deborah WaHey. 
Directed by Norman 

8.10 Horizon: The Man Who 
Bottled a Cow. A 
documentvy teSing the 
story of Dr (Syn Vafe. chief 
scientist at the Zimbabwe 
‘ Test Control operatiori, 
who Is known as King of 
. the Ffles', and his team, 
who have developed a 
new method of eradicating 
the Tsetse fly. 

94)0 World Snooker. Jftnmy 
White arid John Virgo play 
the final ten frames of their 
match; while Kirk Stevens 
arid Dean. Reynolds begin 
their first round match. 
9 l 30 Heimat Episode three and 
it is now Christmas 1935. 
eduard, now a Nazi party 
member, becomes mayor 
of the village. Ha and Ns 
wife are excited at the 
prospect of entertaining 
high-ranking Nazi officials 
who are pfenning a visit to 

HL30 World Snooker. More first 
round coverage from the 

Sheffield, the venue of the 
Embassy World 
Professional Snooker 
Champions hi p, introduced 
by David Vine. 

114)0 N e ww tight 
11.45 Weather. 

1190 Open UfriveisHy: Taking 
the Initiative. Ends at 

235 Winston ChurchS - The 
Vatiant Years*. Part 24 of 
the 25-episode history of 
the Second World War 
based on the memoirs of 

Winston Ctxjrchtil reaches 

the period when the V-1 
bombings were st their 
height and Hitler was 
organising Ns troops in 
their last offensive of the 
war - trying to split the 
Affied armies by strflung 
through the Ardennes. 

34)0 The Late Late Show. Gay 
Byrne's chat show from 

4*00 A Plus 4* Mavis Nicholson 
abouthtsConose History 
of the Sex Manual which ts 
to be 

With Peggy Making 

became the agony aunt, 
Evelyn Home m 1 937, and 
her modem counterpart 
from Ms Magazine. Tncia 

4*30 Cou n tdown. Two new 
con te stants fci the words 
and numbers game - Peter 
Conroy from Warrington, 
and wck Keeble from 
Ipswich. Richard Whrtoley 
is the quesbonmaster, 
assisted as adjud icator by 
cartoonist Bifl Tidy. 

54)0 ASoa-Thankstoa 

computer and the scatty 
Vera. Mel finds that Ns 
bank account has been 
closed and he is facing 
financial ruin. 

520 Let’s Pariez Fnmgiais. 
Miles Kington, from the 
last pissoir in Paris, 
presents three sketches. 
The first Chez Le 
Menswav, features 
Raymond Baxter and 
Frank Thornton; Le Flag 
stars Janet Street-Porter 
and Maureen Lipman; and 
La Jumble Sale finds 
Richenda Carey offering 

bargains to Christopher 

Straufi and Susan 
Penhafiaon. (r) 

5.45 An Englishman’s Home. 
Jill Cochrane meets the 
Duke of Norfoflc at his 
home, Arundel Castie. 

520 The Marketing Nfix. The 
first of a ten-oart series 
examining what is meant 
by marketing. (Oracle) 

74K) Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and 
Nicholas Owen. 

750 Comment from ro ma nt i c 
novefist Mary Wib barley. 

8.00 Broofcside. Barry Grant 
returns home to face the 
music from his parents 

over Ns irresponsible 
behaviour over the loan. 

820 Lou Grant The last 

episode of the series and 
Lou receives an 
unexpected offer from 

925 Kate and ASe. In tonight's 
episode of the comedy 
series Kate becomes 
broody when a coUeague 
of hers becomes 

C~ Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. VHF stereo 

variations at end of Rac&o 4 listings. 

543 Shipping Forecast 64)0 
News Bnofing; weather. 

6.10 Farming Week. An 
mtarwew wim a leader ol 
me agocukuraj industry, 
followed by a five-day 
weather forecast tor 
farmers. 6JZ5 Prayer for 
the Day (si. 

620 Today, including 620, 

720, 830 News 
Summary. 6*45 Business 
News. 625, 

7-55Waotfter. 720, 820 
News. 725, 825 Sport. 

7.45 Thought for the Day. 

825 The Week on 4 with Kate 

&43 Gfyn Worsrcp goes into 
the BBC Sound Ardwes. 

827 Weather Travel 

9.00 News. 

S.05 Start the week wdh 
Richard Baker (s). 

104)0 News: Mcaiey Bex. 

Fmanoal advica with 
Louse Bottmg. 

1020 Morning Story: Bad by 
John Lyncn. Head by 
Heather BeH. 

10*45 JASNA. A feature about 
the Jane Austen Society 
of North America which 
meets annually to 
discuss one ol Miss 
Austen's novels (it 

11.15 A Service of 

Thanksgiving for the 
60th Birthday of the Queen. 
The Royal Famfly gamer 
at St Geroge's Dispel, 
Windsor Castle. The 
comme n t a tors are Robert 
Hudson and Brian 

1227 Jarvis's Frayn. A series 
o! unguarded 
observations based on the 
writings of Michael 
Frayn. All the roles are 
by Martin Jarvis 

9-55 Sweet Disaster- An 
animated short about 

104)0 The Inner Eya.Nfchotes 
Humphrey asks 'What is 
consciousness and why 
114)0 FfcinS«toOal (1985). Tfte 

coHactor who works on 
the Lynemouth beanies in 

Northumbria, (see Choice) 
1220 Their UjfdsWps’ House. 
Highlights of the dsw's 
proceedings in the fkxiso 
of Lords. Bids at 1245. 

120 The Worid at One: News. 

1.40 The Archers. 

125 Shipping Forecast 

24)0 News; woman's Hour. A 
celebration of the 
Queen's 60th birthday. 
Contributors inefuds 
Patricia Diamond. Patricia 
Day and Elizabeth 

3-00 News; Here's A Health 
Unto Her Majesty. An 
account of the life and reijyi 
of Queen Elizabeth II. 

With he tone recordings from 
the BSC Sound Archives. 
Narrated by Pauline Letts 
and John Westbrook (r). 

4*00 Sarah Bernhardt's Niece. 
Scenes from the theatre 
recalled by the actress Eflen 

420 Kaleidoscope. Another 
chance to hear last 
Friday night's edition of the 

arts magazine. £20 
Sr-pprg Forecast 525 

64)0 News; Franca! Report 

620 Questions of Taste. 

Panel came on food and 
drtnx. with F.ussell Davies (in 
the chair? and Paul Levy. 

Cz Carice. Dense Cofiey. 
Clause Roden and 
Rosen Booth in 720 News. 

74)5 The Archers. 720 On 
Your Farm. 

7*4S Scisnce Now. Peter 
Evans reviews 
c.-sco«r*s and 

6.15 The t/oncay Play. Myths 
and Legacies by Valerie 
V/insscr. Starnng Rosalie 
Cratohiey. fjtassey 
zrc Fatnsk Stewart What 
r.acoens when a young 
writer v.-sns a nun to ask her 
about her explorer 
cousm isi. 

9.45 Ka!e,dcsccpe. includes 
comment cn a Some; ttm 
season: Ancrei Tantovsky's 
boo Sculping m the 
Cmema. ar<d pan one ol 
Stsrmg Otf.Tcnight: the 


10.15 A Sock A? Sedcme. Mr 
Wakei£.d s Crusade by 
Eerhioe F.uoens fi). The 
reader is Jorm Row. 

1329 Weather. 

1023 The World Temgfrt. 

11.15 The Fmancal Worid 

1120 Today in ParliaiTient 

1220 News; Weather. 

1223SNppmg Forecast 

VHF (available in England and 
S Wales oNy] as above 
except 5.55-6-00 am 
Weather; TraveL 10.45- 

11.00 Interlude. 11.00-124)0 
For Schools: 1120 Drama 
Resources (sj interplanetary 
Shuttle. 1120 Drama 
Resources (a) Running Away. 
11.40 Listening to Music 
Rhythm Patterns. 125- 34)0 
FOr Schools; 125 
Listening Comar. Johnny 
Moms reads The 

Wishes 'by Tony Johnston. 

2.00 Teenage Plays (s) 

Get a Job!. 220 Patterns of 
Language: Speak for 
Yoursen. 2.45 Patterns of 
Language: Passing the 
Message. 520-525 PM 
(continues). 1120-12.10 
am Open University: 1120 
Music as a Lanoiaoe. 

1120 Scribbte. Scribble, 
Scribble. Mr Gibbon. 
1220-1.10 Schools Night- 
Time Broadcasting: 
Urdo/Hmdi Language 

On medium wave. VHF stereo 
variations et end ol Radio 3 Usings 
625Weather. 74)0 News 
74)5 Mormng Concert: Schubert 

(Overture in B flat D 
4701. Chammade (Sonata ian 
Cmmor, Op2i:l_avai, 
piano) Beethoven (String 
Quartet in F, Op 18 No 1). 

820 News 

32S Morning Concertfcontd). 
Gottschalk (Symphony 
No 1). Vaa-Lo&os 
(Bachianas Brastoras 
No 5: ViannadekK 

Smata m G. BWV 1038) 

G masters (Batter suite 
Estanoal 920 News 

94S This week's Composers: 
Schda Carrorum. Pans, 
composers bom 1894 tome 
1 S70s- Guianam (Sonata 
No 2 m D. Op 50. 
Asma.organ). Bordes 
(Promenade meanale: 
Panzers, baritone). 

Cindy (Symphome sur un 
chant montagnard 
traneaxs. op 2S: Ciccotmi, 

1020 Bar&erlScnooHor 

Scandal ovenurel, Violin 
Concert Op 14: Stem with 
New York 

POLSymphony No 1 
1020 Scandinavian songs of 
1 9th. 20ah centuries: 

Jana Manning (soprano). 
David Mason (piano) 

Works by Peter Amok) Heise 
(sung m Barash) and 
Fartetfi vaien (sung in 

1125 Berlin Phdharmorac 
(under Macafj.wrtn 
Bngme Engerer 
(piano) Beethoven. 

(Leonora No 3 overture), 
Schumann (Piano 
Conceno) Beethoven 
(Symphony No 7). 1.00 

1.05 Puno recital: Miehete 
Campanetta. Liszt 
(Fantasia and Fugue on 
B AC.H.; Sonate m B 
mnor Mephisio waltz No 1 

220 Musk Weekly- ndudes 
Alan Bfym talking about 
me singer Margaret Price, 
and John CG 
Waterhouse talking about 
Respighi, his 
contemporaries and the 
remoter Italian past (r) 

2.45 New Records: Gatina 
(Symphony m C) Kopnva 
(the motet Gloria Deo: 

Prague CO and soloists) 
Beethoven (Sonata in A. Op 
477: Stern and tstomm) . 

425 News 

54)0 Mainly for Pleasure: 

)) Debussy works 


1025 Respighi andlhs 

Concert Orchestra, with 

Margaret Cable (mezzo). 
Piers Lane (pano) Mai^ero 
(Grottesco) Respighi 

(orchestral song Aretusa) 
Casetia (Concerto for 


Btnngsjxano. _ 
percussion. Op 
H27 News. 12.00 
VHF only -Open Uni 
From 6.35am to 6.55. 
and me school. 

Mainly tc 

music2resented by Graham 

620 Music for Organ: 

Christopher Stembridge 
plays works by Girolamo 
74)0 Interpretations on 
Record: Stephen 
Dodgson compares 
performances of 
Mozart's Clannet Quintet 
8.00 German opera attar 
Wagner Max von 
Schdtmgs's two-act opera 
Mona Lisa, with prologue 
and epilogue. Sung in 
German. Baden State 
Orche st ra and Theatre 
Chorus and a cast 
including Sylvia Anderson in 
the title role, Hans 
Kiemer and Julius Best 
920 In the Ramy Season: 
Michael Bryant reads 
Armando Okvares Carfflo's 
Short story 

10.10 Debussy and Ravel: 
joaqun Achucamo 

( Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. VHF 
venations at end of Radio 1. 
Headlines 520am, (L30. 720 
and 820. Sports Desks l-QS pm, 
222, 322, 44)2. 54B, 622, 625 
(ml only) 925- 
44)0 am Cohn Berry (s). £20 
Ray Moore (s). 720 Derek 
Jameson (s). 920 Ken Bruce 
(5) 114X1 Jimmy Young (5). 1.05 

David Jacobs (s). 2.00 Gloria 
hunnrforo (sj. 320 David Hamilton 
Is) 525 John Dunn five from a 

BP od rig 1 60km norm-east of 
Shetland (si. 7.00 Alan Defi 
with Dance Band Days and at 720 
Big Band Era (s). 820 Bn Band 
Special (s). 920 Humphrey 
Lyttteran with Jazz on Record 
(si 925 Sports Desk. 10.00 The 
Mcneay Mone Hour. Lionel 
Blau recaps hignhqWs from hts 
favourite films ana at 1 020 Star 
Sound (Nick Jackson). 11.00 Brian 
Matthew presents Round 
Midnight (stereo from midngitti) 
1.00am Charles Move presents 
Nigntndets) 320-420 A Little 
Night Muse (s). 

( Radio 1 ) 

On medium wave VHF 
variations at end of Radio 4. 

News cm me half hour from 620 
am until 9 30 pm ana at 122 

6.00 am Andy Peebles. 720 
Adrian John. 9.30 Svnon Bates. 
1220 Newsbear fFramc 
Partnogej. 12.4S Gary Davies. 3.00 
Steve Wngm 5-30 Newsoeat 
(Frank Pannogel. 545 Bruno 
Brookes. 7.30 Jamce Long. 
10,00-1220 Jonn Peel (st. 

VHF RADIOS 16 2: 4.00 am As 
Ra&o 2. 1020 pm As Radio 1. 
1220-420 am As Radio 2. 


620 Nflwsoesx 6-30 Peaceful Sotunons 
720 Mews 729 Twenty Foe Homs 730 
Sarah ana Company 820 News K29 
Rettecoor-s 8.15 The Heal ol tne Day BJ0 
Anytmng Goes 920 News 929 Review of 
the Brash Press 9.15 Good Books 920 
Financial News 9 *0 look Anead 9-*5 
Poao* s Ctwtoe 1020 News 1021 PWce- 
M Soknons 1120 News 1129 News 
About Bntaei 11.15 Traswia for Tomorrow 
1120 Album Time 1220 Radio Newsreel 
12.15 Bram of Britain 1986 12.45 Sports 
Roundup 120 News 129 Twenty- Four 
Hours: News Summary 120 Kngs of 
Swing 220 Outlook 2A5 A Snort Walk in 
me rnnau Kusn 320 Rada Newsreel 3.15 
Peace im Solutions 3 jC 5 What's new 420 
News AOS Commentary 4.15 Beruno me 
Credos 430 Goa Save me Queen 5*45 
Sports Roundup 7*45 Peeote's Owes 
820 News >29 Twenty -Four Hours 820 
Spans irvemenanBl 920 News 921 
network UK 9.15 Guitar kntenude 920 
Coumerpomt 1020 News 1029 The 
World Today 102S Book OKkce 1020 
Fmanoal News 10.40 Reflections 10*45 
Soons Roundup 1120 News 1129 Com- 
mentary 11.15 Benmd (he Croats 1120 
Bram Of Britam 1986 1220 News 1223 
News About Britain 12.15 Radio Newereei 
1220 Samn and Company 120 News 
121 Outlook 120 Short Story 1*45 Barand 
the Cretan 220 News 229 Review ol me 
British Press 2.15 Network UK 220 
Sports international 320 News 329 News 
About Bmain 3.15 The Wrono Today 4.45 
HrancuM News 425 Reflections 520 
News 529 Twenty-four Hours 520 New 
Ideas. A0 times m CM. 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1.-1053kHz/Z85m;1089kHz/275m: Radio 2: eS3kHz/4^ic 90^/4^ RadJo fc 
92J; Racfio 4: 200kHz 1500nr. VHF -92-95; LBC; 1 152kHz/261m; VHF 97 Capital: 1548k Hz/1 94m: VHF 95A BBC Radio London 
145SkHz/206m: VHF 945; World Service MF 648kHz/463m. 

EtDfM WALES 52Spm-620 

Wales Today 625-720 RoM 
Hams Cartoon Time 11 20-11200 

FootbaB: Woles v Unxjuoy [tughbghls} 
1120-IZIOm World Snooker 
12.10-12.15 News and weather. SCOT- 
LAND 525*w»-620 Charles «i 
Charge- 625-720 Rcporttm ScottanL 

Today's Sport 520-620 Inside Ulster 

025-720 RoK Hams Cannon Tone. 

11 20-11*40 The Enthronement of the 

A r ch b ishop of Armayi 1120- 
12. iOooi IMarld Snooker 12.12-1215 
News and weamer. ENGLAND 
626pm-720 Reffonal news magazines. 


Home Cookery 130220 Fine Take 

My me 5.15-51*5 Sons and Daughters 

&6o Channel Report 628-720 
DW ram Strokes 11 20 Simon and Simon 
120 Shb Romance American Style 

TYNE TCES^fr*™* 

12S Lookaround 120-320 Ftin: Per- 

fect Woman 620 Northern Lde 620-720 
Mr and Mre 1123 V 1240am Faan of 

a Man Caiod Mara 1250 Closedown. 

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Seko sails in 
ahead of rest 

By Pat Batcher, Athletics Correspondent 

A high uind in the Jamaica 
Road signalled the end of 
Toshibiko Seko’s attempt at a 
world best time in the Mars 
London Marathon yesterday. 
At that point. 1 1 miles into the 
26. the Japanese had sailed 
a«ay not only from any poten- 
tial opponent but also from 
Steve Anders, the pacemaker, 
and was on rime for something 
iust under the 2hr 7min I2sec 
that Carlos Lopes set in Rotter- 
dam one year ago. 

Seko got a respite shortly 
afterwards when he turned 
across Tower Bridge and head- 
ed east into the Isle of Dogs. 
But having fallen outside five 
minuies a" mile for the first 
rime at IS miles, the wind in 
his favour again for the final 
si\ miles was so effective that 
Seko’s winning time was 
pegged to 2hr lOmin 2$ec. 

That was still good enough 
to beat Hugh Jones, the 1982 
London winner by over one 
and a half minuies and Jones 
admitted that he had given up 
any chance of trying to catch 
Seko four miles from the finish 
after slithering across the 
cobbles beside the Tower, still 
one of the most problematic 
pans of this course, although 
they had been made extra 
dangerous by earlier rain. 

But Jones successfully 
achieved the parallel task of 
qualifying to join the pre- 
selected Steve Jones in the 
European championships mar- 
athon in Stuttgart in late 
summer, as did AUistcr 
Hutton, who finished third 
yesterday. Both Jones and 
‘Hutton admitted that the com- 
bination of the effects of the 
fast early pace and the high 
wind in the latter stages also 
slowed them such that they 
were well outside their best 

There should have been 
little question about the choice 
of Hugh Jones and Hutton at 
yesterday afternoon’s selection 
conference, the outcome of 
which is due to be announced 
later this week. The British 
women’s selection is less 
straight forward. 

Yeronique Marou the holder 
of the British best with 2hr 
28min 4sec had to drop out 
early in the race having been 
sick for the previous 12 hours. 
Vet any precedence that the 
mins. Ann Ford 3nd Paula 
Fudge, may have had over her 
when they finished third and 
fifth behind the personal best 
victory of Grete Wait* (2hr 

2-imin 54sec). albeit in much 
slower times than Maroi’s best- 
disappeared when Ford re- 
vealed that they did not wish 
to be considered for either the 
European championships or 
the Commonwealth Games. 

Ford said afterwards that 
neither was interested in an- 
other such long-distance race, 
but at 34 years of age they also 
realize that there is not much 
time left to benefit from the big 
money read races that they are 
capable of winning in the 
United States nowadays. Only 
Marot will go to the European 
cbgampionships. the British 
Amateur Athletic Board decid- 
ed vesierday. 

Sarah Rowell, who held the 
previous British best with 2hr 
2Smin 6sec was unable to run 
yesterday through injury- but if 
she recovers, she is the obvious 
choice for Edinburgh, and with 

Top finishers 

1. T Seko (Japan) 2nr lOmin 2$ec 

2. H Jones (Hanelacjn) 2:11.42 

3. A Hutton (Edinburgh) 2:12.36 

4. P Petersen (US) 2:12.56 

5. M Tara (Turkey) £13.02 

6. Y Kanai (Japan) 2:13.42 

7. H Albahn (Den) 2:14.34 

8. 1 Ellis (Newport) 2.14.38 

9. G Kvemmo (Nor) 2:14.48 

10. C Caetano (Port) 2:14.57 


1. G Waltz (Nor) 2:24.54 

2. M O'Connor (N2) 2:JOS2 

3. A Ford (Hounslow) 2:31 .40 

4. SBomet(Fr) 2:31.43 

5. P Fudge (Hounslow) 2:32.25 

the BAAB and the AAA and 
women’s AAA refusing to 
consider any doubling up in 
Stuttgart and Edinburgh, it is 
only the relatively low stan- 
dards expected in the first 
Commonwealth women's 
marathon which may persuade 
the English selectors to take 
Angela Pain and Carolyn 
Naisby. ninth and tenth yester- 
day in 2hr 41 min I2sec and 
2hr 41min 57sec respectively. 
Jackqui Hulbert in ninth place 
set a Welsh best of 2hr 39min 
26sec and should certainly go 
to Edinburgh for her country. 

leuam Ellis was an equally 
impressive Welsh representa- 
tive yesterday. He finished 
eighth in 2hr 14min 38sec. also 
ensuring a Commonwealth se- 
lection. .And Ellis also helped 
to give Kevin Forster a desper- 
ate last miles. Forster had 
looked a certainty to join his 

Marathon finishers, page 36 

LamDragts (Netty. 21ZZ7; 5. J Pwman 
(EM). 2:13:12; 6, J Graham (GB). 2:13:42: 
7. G Pomp (Noth). 2:1552. 8. H Nrtasaa 
(Netty. 2:15:53: 9. D MofWra (Port). 
2:18:04; 10. C Esnaoto (Sp). 2:18:12. 

Eggo’s timely reminder 

Robert E|go. a curiosity 
among goiters in that be 
comes from L’Ancressc. the 
only club on the island of 
Guernsey, upstaged, among 
others, two current Walker 
Cup players, in the first round 
of the ’ Hampshire Hog at 
Reel, yesterday. 

He scored 70. one over the 

By John Hennessy 

difficult par for the North 
Hams course even without 
yesterday's blustery wind, to 
surpass Peter Baker and Da- 
vid Gilford by three strokes, 
with three other players inter- 
vening. It was a timely re- 
minder to the England 
selectors, whose faith in him 
declined last year to the point 


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where he has now lost bis 
place even as a reserve for the 
team to play France 

He seemed to have the 
required pedigree yesterday, 
except for an uncertain pas- 
sage turning for home 
70: R Eggo. 71: R W Johnson. 
72: M S Davis. F George. 73: P 
Baker. D Gilford. G Bren. S D 
Hurley. D G Lane. R A 
, Muscroft. J Vaughan. S Waison. 
74: G R. Krause. M Pinner. 

LAND: Fuzzy Zoeller played 
a superb inward nine to gain a 
two-stroke lead yesterday after 
three rounds of the Sea Pine 
Heritage Classic (Reuter 

(US unless stated): 205: F 
Zoeller. 68. 68. 69. 207: G 
Norman (Aus). 70, 68, 69; J 
Haas. 71. 70, 66. C Beck. 70. 67, 
70. 208: R Mailbie. 67, 72. 69. 
210: B Langer(WG). 72. 74. 64; 
D Halldorson (Can), 66. 68, 76: 
M Sullivan. 70. 69. 71: D 
Pooley. 69, 66. 75. 


2,000 for 
Hail To 

Georges Mikhalides con- 
firmed Hail To Roberto as a 
definite runner for the -.000 
Guineas even though that colt 
was beaten 1 •/: lengths by Bad 
Conduct in yesterday's Prix de 
Guiche at Longchamp. 

Mikhalides may also run 
Majestic Voice, who won at 
Maisons-Laffme on Friday, 
while he has Rose Of The Sea 
and Prospect Tora lined up for 
the 1 . 000 . 

Bad Conduct, who complet- 
ed a big-race double for his 
trainer. Patrick Biancone. will 
bid for ihe Prix Lupin in 
which he will meet the Prix 
Noailles winner. Bearing. 
Barjer won the Prix Vanteaux 
to initiate Biancone’s double. 
Biancone said: - She will run 
in either the Diane or the Oaks 
and my preference is for the 

Bearing gave Criquette 
Head her first important suc- 
cess of the year when gaining 
an eight-length victory in the 
Prix Noailles. He will be a 
leading fancy for the Prix du 
Jockey-Club (French Derby). 

His trainer said that Baiscr 
Vole is on target for the 1.000 






pre-selected Gateshead club 
colleague. Charlie Speeding, in 
the England team in Edin- 
burgh when he was in the first 
IQ at 20 miles. But when he 
started to suffer and drop back, 
he mistook Sits for the En- 
glishman. John Boyes. The 
when Phil O’Brien, in his first 
official marathon passed For- 
ster. the Geordie almost 
dropped out thinking the last 
Edinburgh ticket had been 
cancelled. When told of Ellis’s 
true identity, he almost at- 
tacked the exhausted and pros- 
trate Welshman in order to 
verily- the fart. 

O’Brien had run unofficially 
in the Harrow Marathon last 
October in his first attempt at 
the distance. He ran under 2hr 
20min. and was almost 45 
minutes faster yesterday with 
2hr 15min. He said he was 
disappointed with that time, 
but it should be good enough 
for Edinburgh. Forster was 
1 5th, and should also be 
selected, and Boyes was, in 
fact 22nd. 

Seko dedicated his victory in 
his first marathon since finish- 
ing fourteenth in the Olympic 
Games to Kyoshi Nakamura, 
his coach and Zeo master, who 
died of a heart attack while on 
a fishing trip last year. Seko 
wants to run a fast 10,000 
metres in Oslo this summer, 
and then run in the Chicago 
marathon next autumn. Mrs 
Waitz will run some shorter 
road races in the Linited States 
before deciding whether to run 
in the European champion- 
ships marathon. 

• Abebc Mekkorven and 
Belannyenh Densimo. of Ethio- 
pia. stole the spotlight by taking 
ihe first two places in the 
Rotterdam Marathon yesterday. 
Mekkonen won the race in 2hr 
9min Ssec one second ahead of 
Densimo. with - Allan 
Zachariassen. of Denmark, 
third in 2hr 1 lrain 56sec. John 
Graham, of Scotland, who was 
second last year and winner of 
the 1981 event, was sixth in 2hr 
IJmin 42sec. 

The Ethiopians dominated 
the field and after they broke 
away no-one was in contention 
as they stretched their advan- 
tage to nearly three minutes. 


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Stark’s success in the mud 

By Jenny MacArthnr 

Ian Stark, who two years 
ago fulfilled a life-long ambi- 
tion by merely competing at 
the Badminton Horse Trials, 
yesterday triumphed in the 
mud to become the first 
Scottish winner of the 
Whitbread Trophy since 
Anncii Drummond-Hay in 
1962. Riding the Edinburgh 
Woollen Mill's Sir Whattie. 
Stark held off the challenge of 
2 1 -year-old Rachel Hunt on 
Piglet U. whose outstanding 
cross-country performance 
lifted her from forty-seventh 
to second position. 

Rodney Powell's bout of 
bad luck, which kept him out 
of last year’s European cham- 
pionships, was decisively end- 
ed when he finished thud on . 
Michael Kent's Pomeroy. 

Relentless rain dominated 
this year's Badminton and 
there was no let up yesterday, 
with the organizers starting 
the show-jumping earlier than 
scheduled. . 

Bruce Davidson, of the 
United States, dropped from 
fifth to sixth place on J J Babu 

after one fence down. Virginia 
Leng. whose refusal coming 
out of the lake on Saturday's 
cross-country prevented a sec- 
ond successive win, produced 
a superb dear round on Night 
Cap II to retain fourth place. 
Powell then had two fences 
down but kept his third place. 

By the time Miss Hunt 
appeared in the arena the rain 
was coming down so hard that 
she “couldn't see the fences,” 
but she and Piglet H complet- 
ed a fine round with just one 
fence down to stay in second 

Stark was then able to have 
two fences down and still win. 
Sir Whattie, competing in his 
first three-day event since 
straining a tendon at Burgh ley 
in 1984. looked fit and well 
and galloped through, with 
just one fence claim 
the trophy. “He jumped bis 
heart out for me on Saturday,” 
said Stark, who flies to Austra- 
lia on Thursday to compete 
with Oxford Blue in the world 
championships. • . 

Inevitably the appalling 

conditions played a part in 
Saturday's cross-country. Da- 
vidson, who said he had never 
ridden in worse condi rionSs 
was one unlucky victim. Lead- 
ing after the dressage he saw 
the trophy slip from his grasp 
ai the coffin, the fence that was 
also the undoing of Mark 
Todd, of New Zealand, who 
had a refusal there on Any 
Chance and a fan on Michael- 
mas Day on an otherwise 
brilliant round. 

Lucinda Green was die 
most notable victim of the 
cross-country course. The six 
times winner of Badminton 
had one of the worst rounds of 
her life on the 1 1 -year-old 
Shaonagh, but despite an hor- 
rific fall at the Stockholm 
fence and another at the lake, 
she climbed back on to finish 
the course — only to find that 
she then had to comfort her 
husband, David, whose horse. 
Walkabout, had just dropped 
dead from a suspected heart 
attack on the steeplechase 

No one finished in the time 

although Miss Hunt came 
close with only 18 time 
penalties. Her astontdiingjy 
quick time is put into perspec- 
tive when set alongside the 
next two fastest rounds — 
Powell’s (112 time penalties) 
and Todd’s with Any Chance 

The heavy going produced a 
lot of tired horses by tire endof 
Saturday's crosscountry but, 
with 12 horses collecting no 
jumping faults and with 36 out 
of the 52 starters finishing the 
cross-country, the effect of the 
conditions. . as predicted by 
Colonel Frank Weldon, the 
course designer, was less than 
bad been feared by riders and 

Robbing sho&lders 

with rami gentry 

If you happen to nonce 
Luanda Green, the braves 
sporting mother in Britain, 
hording headlong into the ditch 
when attempting the frighten- 
ing Stockholm fence, or almost 
come to grief at the voyeuristic 
double water jump — Princess 
Anne Sank Here - then that is 
an inddennd bonus. 

Even the vicarious thrill of 
dan^r. Hfe that at Silversione, 
makes strangely tittie impact on 
a seffconteraed public who 
have crane to rub shoulders 
with ratal gentry, to give 
motber-m-faw* treat or just to 
get the kids out of the house. To 
whisper sweet nothings to the 
frtpg amour under a dripping 
oak tree. TogrtsttadSy merrier 
on fager six-paths or btitfaly 
packed in the boot, depending 
on whether you arrive by 
Allegro or Range Rover, 


CtampiouNp; 1, Sir Whattie fl 
Start) 73:2. Rotet HIR Hunti82A3, 
Pomeroy (R Powell 89.8; 4, Night 
Cap H(V term) 942; 5, Aiw Chance 
(M Todd, ftg 98.4; 6. J JSabu (B 
Davidson. USA) 100* 7. The Dart 
hnp (M Lucey) 112.6; 8. Marsh 
Heron (J Thetarafl) 1152; 9. Bucfcflay 
(Jj>t3rte^117; TO. StraetSghter (ft 



Relief for Halifax No rub of green 

After the roost nerve-wrack- 
ing 80 minutes Halifax sup- 
porters have endured, the 
Thrum Hall dub yesterday 
won the Slalom Lager champi- 
onship after an agonizing fast 
few minutes in which 
Featherstone Rovers threat- 
ened to deny them of the prize 
(Keith Macklin writes). 

In the second halt Rovers 
had pulled back from. 1 1-1 to 
13-13, and the Halifax follow- 
ers roared as much with relief 
as delight when the final 
hooter put them out of their 
misery. Rovers were also 
grateful for the point, because 
it was enough to keep them in 
the first division after York's 
18-15 defeat at Dewsbury. 

Halifax seemed to be coast- 

Bland does 
a Nicklaus 

Cannes (Reuter) — John 
Bland, of South Africa, “did a 
Jack Nicklaus" to beat 
Severiano Ballesteros in the 
Cannes Open golf champion- 
ship yesterday. Bland, celebrat- 
ing his 41st birthday a day 
early, shot 67 for a 12-under- 
par 276. coming from two 
behind Ballesteros before the 
start of the final round to finish 
four in front 

Ballesteros slipped to a 73 
after several unsettling inci- 
dents involving photographers 
but refused to make escuses. It 
was at the US Masters a week 
ago that Ballesteros spoiled his 
chances by hitting into a lake. 
Bland said: “It's bard to believe 
1 gave the world’s best golfer 
two shots and beat him by 

Quick Duran 

Panama City (Agencies) — 
The former world boxing 
champion. Roberto Duran, 
needed less than two rounds to 
defeat Jorge Suero, of the 
Dominican Republic. The 
scheduled 1 0-round middle- 
weight bout ended Imin 45sec 
into the second round when. 
Duran connected with a left to 

ing to the title when first-half 
tries by George and Dixon, a 
goal from Whitfield and a 
dropped goal from Stephens 
gave them an apparently com- 
fortable lead. However, 
Rovers hit back immediately. 

Wigan bad a comfortable . 
win over Leeds to maintain 
their threat right to the end, 

Casttofond 30. Salford 16; Dews- 
bury 18. Yort 15; Halifax 13, 
Featherstone 13; HuB 20. Warring- 
Ion 23; Hirfl KR 28, Swinbn 20; 
Wigan 29, Leeds 5; St Helens 44, 
Oldham 12. Wigan 29. Leeds 6. 
SECOND DlVlSfON: Battery 10, 
Blackpool 20; Doncaster 14, 
Wtntehaven 13; Leigh 26. Barrow 
18; Mansfield M 22, Runcorn H 36; 

Whitehaven 13; Leigh 26. Barrow 
18; Mansfield M 22, Runcorn H 36; 
Rochdale H 18. Keighley IS; Wake- 
field 22. Huddersfield 14; 
Workington 14. Hunsiet 19. Post- 
poned: nufisie v Sramfey. 


Graf: struggled 

the body and a right to Suero’s 

Becker injured 

Monte Carlo (Reuter) — 
Mats WUander, deprived of 
the opposition following the 
withdrawal through injury of 
Boris Becker, starts favourite to 
win the Monte Casio Open 
tennis tournament which be- 
gins today. 

Fifth triumph 

Southgaic's hopes of re-en- 
tering Europe next year were 
revived yesterday when they 
retained the Hockey Associar 
Lion Cup after defeating Pick- 

Dennis Taylor’s reign as 
world snooker champion end- 
ed at the Sheffield Crucible 
Theatre on Saturday night as 
it had begun — with a smile 
and a joke. ' 

The Irishman’s sporting, re- 
action to being toppled at the 
first hurdle in his champion- 
ship defence by a 200- i out- 
sider, Mike HaUett, from 
Grimsby, was in marked con- 
trast to the mask of frozen 
horror that Steve Davis wore 
after Taylor’s astonishing 
fighrback from 8-0 down in 
last year's finaL 

“There is no point in groan- 
ing about it and at least I made 
a fight of the match,’’ Taylor 
said yesterday. He fell 8-4 
behind in the first session biit 

wick 3-0 in' the final at 
Wilksden (Sydney F risian 
writes). Hounslow are champi- 
ons tor the first time of the 
Pizza Express London League. 

White Tornado 

Hamilton. Bermuda — Rob 
White, of Brifain, consolidated 
his position as overall leader in 
the Tornado world yachting 
championships without going 
near the water. Raring was 
cancelled yesterday as winds 
fashed the course. 

Ealing top 

The crossover matches and 
finals of. the national dub 
hockey tournament *were 
washed oat yesterday in Peter- 
borough (Joyce Whitehead 
writesX They, will now be played 
next Sunday at a venue to he 
derided. On Saturday, Eating 
won poof one; pool two, was 
won by Slough. 

Final path 

Amelia Island, Florida — 
Steffi Graf and Claudia Kobde- 
Kilsch. of West Germany, ad- 
vanced to the final of the WTA 
Championships. Miss Graf 
struggled to beat the American, 
Kathy Rinaldi 6-1. 5-7, 6-3, 
while Miss Kohde-KHsch de- 
feated Gabrida Sabatini, of 
Argentina, 6-1, 6-0 in 61 

eventually lost 10-6 after win- 
ning the first five frames on 
Saturday evening. His win- 
ning streak ended when he 
missed a crucial green in the 
15th frame for HaUett, the 
world No. 28* to seize on . a 
frame-winning break of 67 
which he followed up with 76 
in the next frame for victory. 

“It is ironic that the green of 
aft colours let me down. It 
virtually cost me the match. 
.Stupid Irish bail!” Taylor 
joked afterwards: •• •••'. 

' HaUett, aged 26, paid frill 
tribute to his beaten oppo- 


bt P Mans 

(SA), M HaSett tt Dennis 
raytor, 10-6; S Davis MR Edmonds, 
10-4; J Johnson leads D Martn.7-2, 

hearts at 

By Colin McQuftiari 

Lisa Opie, the Not tingham. 
based farmer national ctiam- 

S ion, yesterday thrusi Lucy 
nutter out of the semi-final of 
the Hi-Tec British -.Open 
championships, winning 5-9, 
9-10, 9-1, 9-3, 9-7 in 67 
minutes and rec laiming in the 
process the hearts of the 
Wembley crowd that jeered 
her when die -lost in bad 
tempered disgrace in 1984. 

■ Miss Soulier is the 
Cirencester teenager- who suc- 
ceeded to the national tide late 
last year after winning the 
junior world championship . 

RESULTS: Han't qnrtaHlnale 
jaiMHjglr Khan (Pale) « H Janan 
(Ertd, 9-3, 9-2, 9-1; S Davenport 
fNa bt 6 Potord (Aus), 2-9. 9-3, 9-5. 
9-3: Q Mm <&gl bt B Thorns 
(Aus), 9-3. 9-4. 9 -iTR Norman wz) 
W R Martin <Aus). 10-8, 9-4, 9-1. 

Women’s quarter-finals: S 

Ian Stink’s fond gratitude to 
b& horse, qneBy rtAraongSir 
Wattle at the endnf an heroic 
ride, hi wnrii 4«ay from the 
■ fl waMaidsilriflfrig In that hap- 
py make-believe e xi stence im- 
mortalized by Tony Hancock; 
*T guess this is what the soda) 
woricets cafl leading a Ml Bfe.T 

They gather, swathed in 
Nippon appendages, at 
Hmseo’s Bridge, a huge barri- 
cade and ditch, so as to take 
fame images of an excellence 
which they can sense but cannot 
identify. Weldon’s demands 
hare raised the lereb of horse- 
manship and coarage to an 
extreme fan far most of ns 
observers the difference be- 
tween success and failure '& 
inaccsratefy measared ty stay- 
ing on or fallmg off. 

But it's fan, isnYit? The fapge 
mass of people drift afoot the 
course with random interest an 
mspoken supposition that may- 
be something inure interesting 
is happening “oner there”. A 
billion worms wriggle in the 
ankle-deep mad and sqhra info 
the paws of the myriad canine 
friends who. hare also been 
brought far the day oat They 
largely show an exemplary 
tolerance of their owners, stand- 
mg, or sitting, with the sffent 
patience of ushm at the House 
of Lords. 

All of life is here 
on the walkways 

And if . we get bored we can 
help jam the walkways between 
the market stalls and craft 
shops and boy a pah 1 of jeans 
which we can get more cheaply 
at the supermarket, or drop in 
on the Fanners' Union, or 
check op on the fees at Eton 
£fth the Independent Schools 
Information Service, or pay our 
ptecrfptioa to the RNLL AB 
hBraan-Sfe is fore, from one- 
legged -fevafids in wheelchairs 
pushed by devoted relatives to 
six-month-oW twins In phstio 
I babble prams. Yet Badsrimton 
shaaid be caHtioos of its derd- 
opment as a canpvaL la several 
^stances the crowds were get- 
ting the better of the fowfer- 
•hatted marshals and there was 
one nearly.- horrific accident 
w fon a car drove into Potiy 
Sch wer dt’ s path. 

Equestrian ism is not 
Badminlon'smicBse bnt its sole 
Justifi c a ti on. It upholds a aur- 
veOous natumal tradhkm that is 
epitomized wfaenVir gfaiwi 1^ 
the holder, on going out first 

had a r mnal iml 

famedfody Mamed bersdf 
rather naan the bocse. As the 
"West evader in the world. 
General Stokhev, of Bnteria. 
said a week, ago: “You can do