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No 62,437 

. TUESDAY 22 1986 


# EEC foreign ministers decided to 
«edoce the numbers of Libyan dip- 
lomats in Europe to a minimum ami 
confine them to capital cities 

• Visa restrictions for Libyans aQ] 
toughen and any Libyan expelled from 
one EEC nation 'will automatically be 
.barred from all others 

• Fears are growing among business- 
men that Middle East contracts will be 
lost because of British involvement in 
the raid on Libya 

• Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the Soviet 

leader, . said he would support the 
‘^unnltaneons’* abolition of the War- 
saw Pact and Nato page 16 

From Richard Owen, Luxembourg ■ ■ 

'. yestertfay agreed terrorists. The move is cou- Libyan visiiors and s indents 

to hwden its measures against pled with new and stricter visa 
die Gadani regime by reduc- restrictions, details of which 
mg Libyan diplomats in Eu- . have been referred to a work- 
rope to the “absolute mini- ing group of experts. . - 
• mum necessary" and -confin- Su Geofffrry Howe said the 
=ing them lo natjonaicapitais. : EEC' had “gone decisively 
It also gave warning of the ; down the road", towards the 

need to prevent an escalation 
of the military : conflict' in 

EEC member states are to 
rediicetheir diplomatic repre- 
sentation, in Tripoli, .and will 
review ' the selling of sub- 
sidisedEEC foodstuffs such as 
blitter, milk and beef to Libya. 

‘ Non-official Libyans such 
-as teachers, journalists and 
suKtenis will also come under 
reyiey ip identify “lrouble- 

'T^.new measures strength- 
en. anti-Libyan sanctions ad- 
opted. --at ‘ Emergency EEC 
meetings 4^: week in The 
' Hague- and Paris. The package’ 
worked^'-om by EEC foreign 
terday . was not as tough as 
Britain. bad warned. . 

•"/ ft.^was only agreed after 
Greeted which had initially 
beenl'yeluciaht, joined, the 
majbrity. Mr Teodoros' 
Paiigafos had telephoned Ath- 
ens fogetibe approval of Mr 
Andreas: ; Papandreou, the 
Greek PHmit Minister, 

. .An important :new provi- 
sionlis that arty: Libyan e*- 
pdled trombone 

■' 10 i>oini European Charter for 
- Action he had- proposed.. . 

Bui it remains unclear bow 
many European diplomats 
will be withdrawn fro* Tripp~ 
li and bow many LibyammQ 
have to leave Europe. Greece 
and Spain pointed out rhat 
^ they , already^ bad 
representation in Tripoli and 
that there were only ^handful . 
of Libyan dip^omatsjn Athens 
and "Madrid. ; ' - ") 4 > \ .: •' 

Mr Hansvan derf'BroeLlhe. 
Dutch Foreign Mraisterand* 
current prestdehrofthe'Ctiim- 

LrflCTS : : 



dl of. Ministers, said . the 
package was a to 
beapplied oh a case-by-case 
- basis; • v ‘ Its' / 4 imptemeutation 
would dependon “thenation- 
al situation” of individual 
-member states. :• - 
.7 Ttic EEC-ppup of experts 
oiv terrorism : is Jo - review the 
■ abuse ; by Libya of dipknnaiic 
privileges and immunity, Mr 
Iran den Broek said.; He-said 

in Britain had been reduced to 
a tenth of previous numbers 
since 1983. 

He said there was now a 
wider perception — “though 
perhaps not universally 
shared ^ — of People's Bureaux 
as. the command posts of 
terrorism and an awareness 
that Libyan diplomats, in the 
bureanxconstituted a threat to" 
the security of citizens ' in' 
European countries. 

Mr van (ten Broek said that 
Libyan diplomats would in 
future have to obtain prior 
permission before being al- 
lowed to. travel outside the 
European cities in which they 
were stationed. 

On - tmpnbtidzed sales of 
.EEC food to Libya at an 
estimated subsidy of £7 mil- 
lion. Sir Geoffrey said the EEC 
should avoid giving Libya any 
economic bmefits, and Brit- 
ain wanted a ten 00 export 
credits. Bui economic sanc- 
tion. had not been effective in 

Imptemen tali otrof the anti- 
terrorist measures will be dis- 
cussed on Thursday in. The 
Hague by EEC interior minis- 
ters, including Mr Douglas 
Hurd. Home Secretary. Sir 
Geoffrey said the EEC moves 
would go a long way toward 
persuading the U$-lfaat Eu- 
rope meant business in talcing 
non-military action* - 

. • • B 

Pomp and pageantry mark birthday salute 

of music 

By Alan Hamilton 

The Queen, with Miss Sarah Ferguson and the Duke of Edinburgh, acknowledging greetings from the Palace balcony. 

River hunt 
for clues 
on killer 

-new measures ' were a 

niember : jsjgwl -not only : to Libya.but 

TOtc;-fOT7tem)ria . 

wouldaiitomatfcally be bahn- miglrt w»blo beurvolved m , West German deiegaoon 
cd •* C.-Jso urces said that as the JEC 

Comnaainty-WM& ' poftcy 
fusing shelter to^pnoven 'A rtb 

arid that the, namber of both s attaches from Tripoli. 


Big profits 
for the 
small man? 


The Government’s 
sell-off of the 
industries has 
brought a bonanza 
in the City. Has the 
small in vestor had 
hisrightfUl share? 

• There is £4,000 to 
be won in The Times 
Portfolio Gold com- 
petition today, and the 
weekly prize on Sat- 
urday wiH be £16,000, 

double the usual 
amount as there was no 
winner last weekend. -. 

• The total prize 
money to be won this 
week is £40,000. 

• yesterday’s £4,000 
prize was shared be- 
tween three readers 
- details, page 3. 

• You will need the 
new Portfolio Gold card 
to play the game. De^ 
tails of where to obtain 
one if you have any 
difficulty getting one 
from your newsagent 
appear on page 5. 

• Portfolio Gold fist, 

page 21; howto play, m- 

formation service 

pas®- 1 ®- : 

Banker quits 

The Bank oflsrael governor re 

10 resign after 2 r^ort toed 

him and others for the 19&3 

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Arab held Libya raid 

ih bomb 

may lose 

* By Stewart Teadler 

- Crime reporter 

A tirad Arab was ques- 
tioned by ■ detectives from 
SCotiand Yard’s anti-terrorist 
.branch yertoday in connec- 
tion with die attempt last 
weektoptece a time bomb on 
an El A1 jet carrying 400 

passengers and crew. • 

The man, held in London, 
was taken to Paddington 
Green police station as anoth- 
er man was released. Both 
were held under The Preven- 
tion of Terrorism Act and are 
believed to be associates of 
Nezar Hindawi, aged 35. lbe 
Jordanian arrested last Friday., 

There were strong indica- 
tions, last night that Mr 
Hmdawi is shortly 10 be 

Miss ■ Murphy, _ Mr 
Hindawf s pregnant girifiiend, 
has been freed by police who 
have said they believe she was 
duped into carrying the hold- 
all containing the bomb. 

As forensic examination of 
the bomb continued, police 
said yesterday that the explo- 
sive-had come from aseastem 
Woe country although not the 
Soviet Union. 

It is believed the source may 
have been Czechoslovakia. A 
large amount of eastern Woe 
material is used-in the: Middle 
East and has been linked to 
terrorist attacks. 

By-Richard Donde n 

There are growing fears 
among British businessmen in 
. the Middle East that they will 
lose contracts as a result of the 
British involvement in the 
bombing of Libya last 
weeLThe United Arab Emir- 
ates has already cancelled a 
trade promotion week in Lon- 
don in protest and Dr Abdul 
Rahman al t Zamil. Saudi 
Arabian Deputy Minister of 
Commerce, has called off a 
visit to London scheduled to 
begin yesterday. 

The Arab- British Chamber 
of Commerce, which was or- 
ganizing the UAE Week exhi- 
bition..: scheduled to open 
today at Kensington Town 
Hall' said that the raid would 
undermine relations between 
Britain and the Arab world 
and pointed out that 6 per cent 
of Britain's exports go to Arab 

Mr Seif al-Jarawan. Minis- 
ter of Economy and Com- 
merce for the UAE. was to 
have led a 30 -strong delega- 
tion to Britain for the week 
and some 60 UAE companies 
were to be represented.. The 
UAE also cancelled the annual 
meeting of the Joint UAE- 
British Economic Commis- 
sion and- withdrew its 
members. led by Mr Rashid 
Abdullah, the Foreign 

Berlin bomb arrest 

From Frank Johnson, Bonn 

An unnamed Palestinian, 
travelling on a Jordanian pass- 
port. has been arrested in West 
Berlin on suspicion of taking 
part in a bomb attack on a 
Berlin discotheque on April 5, 
it was announced in. West 

Berlin' yesterday. 

The attack killed an .Ameri- 
can soktier and a Berlin girt of 

Turkish origin, and injured 
more than 200 people. 

Police said they found in the 
man's flat in West Berlin 
documents indicating that a 
further bomb attack was being 
planned. He was picked om on 
Sunday at an identity parade 
before f 00 people who were in 
the discotheque. 

By Peter Davenport 

Teams of police in four 
counties yesterday began 
searching the banks of the 
River Trent for dues of the 
killer of Sarah Harper, aged 

Officers on horseback, 
backed op by dog-handlers 
and ro I leagues on foot and in 
dinghies, combed miles of the 
river in an attempt to find 
clothing Sarah was wearing 
when last seen, but which were 
not recovered with her body. 

They are anxious to trace 
her Woe anorak, pink skirt, 
and shoes to pin point the exact 
spot " where her - Body • was 
dumped in the river. 

Yesterday's search in Not- 
finghamshire, Leicestershire, 
Staffordshire and Derbyshire, 
also included tributaries of the 
Trent, sneb as the Rivers Soar 
and Derwent. 

Experts from the Severn 
Water Authority were also try- 
ing to help police by working 
out the rate of flow of the 
rivers, swollen by heavy rain in 
the last week. 

Mr Michael Sweeney, oper- 
ations controller for the au- 
thority. said yesterday: “Three 
rivers come together within 
about three miles of where the 
body was found. It is a 
complicated river system, but 
we should be able to do some 
calculations which wifl at least 
limit the possibilities.** 

The most intense search 
yesterday was by 50 officers 
along an eight-mile stretch of 
the Trent in Nottinghamshire 
upstream from the spot where 
Sarah's body was found at the 
weekend near Wilford. 

The post-mortem examina- 
tion was still continuing yes- 
terday. Police were unable to 
say how the little girl died, 
although she had been sexual- 
ly and physically assaulted. 

Det. ' Snpt. John 
Staiuthorpe, in charge of the 
murder inquiry, said yesterday 
that police had still found no 
one who had seen Sarah since 
she left the comer shop near 
her home in Morley, Leeds, on 
March 26. 

He said the killer may have 
been someone visiting the 
Morley area in connection 
vtith his employment. 

Radical shake-up 
plan proposed for 
GPs and dentists 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 
Radical proposals to shake tary of State for Social Scr- 

up the work practices of 
family doctors and dentists 
were canvassed by the Gov- 
ernment yesterday in a discus- 
sion document on primary 
health care. 

They include making GPs 
retire at 70 and introducing a 
performance related contract. 

At the same time, proposals 
to provide better and more 
local management for the 
50.000 community nurses in 
England, with district nurses 
being given new rights to 
prescribe a limited range of 
dressings, ointments and 
sprays, and to use their skills 
in adminsiering pain relief to 
the terminally ilL were pub- 
lished in a separate report on 
the future of community nurs- 
ing services. • 

In what the Government 
claimed was the first compre- 
hensive review of all the 
health services provided out- 
side hospitals, ministers arc 
also inviting comments on 
ways to provide more infor- 
ma'tion for patients about 
lamily doctor services and 
suggestions for a quicker and 
easier complaints system. It is 
also proposed to make chang- 
ing doctors easier. 

Mr Norman Fowler. Se cre- 

vices. is allowing until the end 
of the year for comments on 
the proposals, and is to hold a 
series of public meetings to 
debate them. 

Ministers are canvassing the 
idea of removing restrictions 
which prevent anyone but a 
doctor or dentist running a 
denial business for profit to 
see whether “health care 
shops” could be set up to bnng 
doctors, dentists, pharmacists 
and possibly others, under one 

The most controversial pro- 
posal, however, would be to 
change the family doctor's 
contracts to introduce a “good 
practice allowance". 

It would be linked to how 
far the doctor was personally 
available. whether the GP had 

Health of Britain 


post-graduate education, met 
2 greed targets for immunizing 
children and looked after par- 
ticular types of patient, and on 
the results of regular assess- 
ments by other doctors. 

Under the proposals GPs 
and dentists would be able to 
retire at 60. but would have to 
retire at 70. At present there 
are 5 1 5 GPs aged over 70. 74 
aged over 80. and two GPs 
w ho are still practising in their 
nineties.There are more than 
400 dentists still practising 
over the age of 65. 

The proposals received a 
cautious welcome from the 
British Medical Association. 

The Royal College of Nurs- 
ing welcomed the community- 
nursing proposals as “a char- 
ter for the health of the 

But Mr Frank Dobson. 
Labour's health spokesman, 
said: “Whatever changes are 
made wijhin primary health 
care and whatever response is 
made by the profession, the 
general health of our people 
will not be improved until we 
have a government dedicated 
to eliminating poverty and un- 

Parliament, page 4 

Gonzalez calls early elections 

Sefior Felipe - Gonzalez. 
Spain's Socialist Prime Minis- 
ter. decided last night to 
dissolve Parliament and call 
for early elections on Sunday. 
June 22. four months before 
his four-year mandate would 
have expired. 

The chief Government 
spokesman and Minister of 

Culture. Senor Javier Solana, 
revealed the decision last 
night after a special Cabinet 
session and an extraordinary 

From Hairy Debelius, Madrid 
meeting of the federal execu- 
tive committee of the Spanish 
Socialist Workers' Pany. 

The Cabinei meeting was 
called so quickly it caught 
some ministers off-guard. Al 
least three or them were out of 
town and unable to attend. 

The general elections will 
lake place on the same day as 
regional government elections 

The call for elections came 
at a time when the Prime 

Minister's popnlarity was run- 
ning high, according to public 
opinion polls. 

O Decisive polls: Political 
sources in the Spanish capital 
said yesterday that the Gov- 
ernment had been waiting for 
the results of private opinion 
polls to decide whether to call 
the election before the sum- 
mer holidays or wait until it 
was due in October. The polls 
have not been released (Reu- 
ter reports). 

Counterfeit runners upset Marathon computer 

. By Michael Coleman 

Pirate runners wearing fake 
numbers and bar codes (brew - 
this year's London Marathon 
{Bganisers into disarray. 

- The maralfwo .tricksters 
made- strikingly accurate 
copies of the numbers and bar 
codes which had been sent to 
the lucks 25,272 people ac- 
cepted to run. The bar codes 
tvere read by computers at the 
finishing tine. 

copied and fixed to a number 
p ahrted or drawn with fibre 
pen, to which was also at- 
tached a copy of the logo of 
Tandem Computers, the Tex- 
as-based firm covering the 
race for the first time. 

With these. numbers pinned 
to their vests the pirates were 
able to masquerade as accept- 
ed entrants and stride with 

the bar codes “read” by a 
special device attached to a 
£150,000 computer installed in 
Comity Hall alongside the 
bridge. It was then that (he 
phony runners were detected, 
their fake bar codes foiling to 
• match the numbers recorded 
on the computer database 
against accepted .runners' 
names. The computer was not 

personally. They bad taken _on 
rbe Loudon Marathon job 
determined to produce, for the 
first time in the race's history, 
a foil list of all the eventual 
18J75 finishers before the day 
was out. 

confidence up tiTtbe finish on be ^ a fookd : bot "“ta 
> i.. d^im <Hth i tto ‘service was c 

However Jn some cases, the 
bar code from a supermarket 
can of baked beans had ^een 

Westminster Bridge with .Big 
Ben as backdrop and waving to 
the cameras. It made a lovely 
souvenir picture- 
Once over the line, times 
were recorded manually, and 

service was delayed. 

This infuriated Tandem 
Computers staff, whose boss, 
Jim Trey big. who founded the 
firm in 1974, had come over 

Up m the County Hall press , 
room the promised "first 100 
within minutes” became a wait 
of two hours, lu the lower 
depths. Tandem's staff battled 
on, weeding out the fakes, 
striving to meet tiieir two 
goals: to provide a full list of 
finishers for the late-night 

ft^m Texas to run the race,. Guildhall prize giving, and to 


supply The Times with the 
names of all those who broke 
three hours and of the women 
who bettered three-and-a-half 
hours. They achieved both. 

The gatecrashers' insistence 
on joining a race from which. 
60.000 had been rejected will 
lead to tougher policing of the 
event next year with experi- 
enced ex-athletes patrolling 
the route to spot the gate 
crashers. Video cameras will 
be installed at strategic points 
to record the runners passing 
and to belp detect the cheats 
who join the race in mid- 



fail fey 1% 

Bv Lawrence Lever 
and David Smith 

Building societies yesterday 
cut mortgage rates to their 
lowest for more than two years 
and held out the prospect of a 
further reduction in the next 
few weeks as leading banks in 
the United Slates lowered 
ihcir cheapest lending rates. 

The Halifax, Abbey Nation- 
al and Woolwich cut rales by a 
full percentage point to 1 1 per 
cent, with immediate effect for 
new borrowers. The rates for 
existing borrowers will change 
on June J. 

The societies said that the 
lone lead time to the change- 
over for existing borrowers 
would give them the opportu- 
nity to make a further reduc- 
tion should interest rates fall 
again in the meantime. 

Mr John Bayliss. general 
manager of the Abbey Nation- 
al. said the society's mortgage 
rates “will end up lower than 
1 1 percent if there is a further 
fail in base rates'*. 

A spokesman for the Hali- 
fax Building Society said: “We 
are giving ourselves room to 
manoeuvre should interest 
rates fall again. If there is 
another half a per cent reduc- 
tion we will have to look again 
at our rates.” 

The Mortgage Corporation, 
pan of the American invest- 
ment bank Salomon Brothers. 

Continued on page 16, col 7 

Sixty is an arbitrary step i" 

the pacing of our natural span, 
but by decree of her family and 
her people titaf milestone on 
the Queen's path of Ufe was 
yesterday garlanded with both 
ceremony and affection. Not 
since King George V have »e 
enjoyed a reigning monarch 
attain threescore. 

Nor have we in memory 
enjoyed a monarch so deter- 
mined to be visible. Neither 
squally rain nor the larking 
shadow of terrorism in the 
wake of the Libyan raid could 
deter the Queen from showing 
herself to her wellwishers in 
the streets of Windsor, the 
forecourt of Buckingham Pal- 
ace, and the lively piazza of 
Coient Garden. 

She asked specifically that 
security precautions should 
not obtrude between her and 
the many thousands who 
turned out to see her. But the 
precautions were there, and 
massively so despite their 
discretion; before her passage 
through Windsor police lifted 
manhole covers and even bro- 
ken paving stones, poked in 
the soil of window boxes and 
dotted the rooftops with binoc- 
ulars and rifles. 

Her day began, as it always 
does, with a piper beneath her 
window at Windsor Castle 
rousing her to celebration. 
Close by, at St George's 
Chapel a capacity congrega- 
tion of 1.100, including 
friends, politicians, past and 
present staff, estate workers 
and an inordinate number of 
her dose and less immediate 
family, assembled within 
England's finest monument to 
Perpendicular architecture to 
join her in a service of 

Forty -five of her closest 
relations filled the ornate 
quire stalls with their majestic 
ornaments of the Order of the 
Garten Windsors spanning 
four generations from Queen 
Elizabeth the Queen Mother 
to Prince William, who bobbed 
□p and down in his stall: all 
her four children and two other 
of her grandchildren, Peter 
and Zara Phillips: the Dukes 
and Duchesses of Gloucester 
and Kent with their combined 
offspring of six; the Ogilvys 
with their daughter _ and 
Prince and Princess Michael 
of Kent with their family of 

Among them, more distant 
cousins of the Queen: 
Hare woods, Abel-Smiths, 
Lady SaJlonn, Captain Alex- 
ander Ramsay and the Duke of 
Fife, more shadowy- players at 
the very edge of the royal 
stage, along with several of the 
Duke of Edinburgh’s kin from 
the heart of old German 
nobility. Prince and Princess 
Continued on page 3. col 1 

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The Princess of Wales and Prince 'William after the thanksgiving service. 

Vandals destroy Royal tree 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother braving the rain. 

A tree planted by the Queen 
during her recent visit to New 
Zealand has been cot down by 
vandals, staff at 
Christchurch’s Botanic Gar- 
dens have said. 

They said that the vandal- 
ized tulip tree was discovered 
yesterday morning, the 
Queen’s sixtieth birthday. 

No one claimed responsibil- 
ity but a slogan protesting 
against the Treaty of Waitangi 
was sprayed on the grass near 
the tree. 

The treaty, signed by Brit- 
ish representatives and Maori 
chiefs in 1840, has been at the 
centre of land rights protests. 

Anti-Royalists claimed re- 
sponsibility, daring the Royal 
|v visit in February, for vandaliz- 
& iog. a maple tree the Queen 
planted in the gardens in 1954. 
• President Mitterrand, in a 

warm message of birthday 
greetings to the Queen 
yesterday, expressed his and 
the French people's 
admiration for her successful 

He asked to share with the 
British people, “which so 
many ties of friendship mute 
with France’’, French wishes 
for happiness and prosperity. 

• More than MOO youngsters' 
from all over the United 
Kingdom and the Common- 
wealth joined the roasing cele- 
bration of the Qaeen’s 
birthday at Buckingham Pal- 
ace yesterday. 

Even the overcast weather 
relented In the face .of their 
gaiety and by die time the 
Queen came down to meet 
some of them, brilliant sun- 

light was shining on the 
Palace forecourt. 

Earlier, the weather had 
struck a more sombre mood. 

Prince Andrew’s fiancee. 
Miss Sarah Ferguson, who 
joined the Roys) party on the 
balcony to welcome the 
dtildrea's choir, later took 
part in her first Royal walk- 
about, collecting armfuls of 

She wore a blue-grey suit 
with a bow at the bode, set off 
by a blne-and-white cartwheel 

A total of 44 members of the 
Royal Family were present at 
Windsor, including an unex- 
pected appearance by Prince 
William, aged three, who ar- 
rived holding the hand of his 
mother, the Princess of Walts. 

i - The Queen yesterday witk some of her ^tthdiv brfimtes of flow ers. 


hope OS 

Sy Stewart Tendler 
Crime Reporter 

Psychological profiling used 
b-. police in the United States 
i-J> ir.iclv down murderers may 
be adopted b> British deiec- 
liici hunting child killers. 

The use of such a system 
mooted yesterday by 
Commander Philip Corbett, 
head ofScotland Yard's crimi- 
nal intelligence section, after 
the first day of a national 
conference by detectives ex- 
amining 20 cases involving i 
missing or dead children dal- ! 
ir.g back to 1978. 

Psychological profiling i 
makes use of a psychologist to | 
build up a picture of the police 
target based on evidence from ! 
attacks and police investiga- 
tions, it was used in Atlanta. - ] 
Georgia, to find the man 
behind a scries of child Killings j 

Mr Corbett, convenor of the 
conference, said that social 
conditions in the United 
Kingdom were very different 
from those in the United 
Stales but the technique could 
be used in this country if there 
were sufficient cases to justify 

He added thatdelegaies 
would be returning to Scot- 
land T ard later this month or 
early in May for a second day 
of discussions. 

Eleven cases were consid- 
ered yesterday, most of them 
involving boys. 

Mr Corbett said that several 
factors had emerged linking 
some cases. In seven of the 20 
invcstigaiions'there were links 
between attacks and fairs or 
circuses. ' Water used by an- 
glers linked othcrs.The cases 
involved murders in London, 
lhe Home Counties. York- 
shire. the Midlands. Scotland 
and the West Country. 

Delay in contract f Umonist i Libya ‘not election factor’ Smoking 
for Navy vessels 

By Rodney Cowton, Defence Correspondent 

The tw-o shipyards in fierce 
competition for an order to 
build two supply ships to 
operate with Navy frigates 
have agreed to extend their 
lenders until the end of the 
month to allow ministers 
more time to reach a derision. 

A decision had been expect- 
ed last week when the issue 
was considered by the eco- 
nomic committee of the Cabi- 
net, but Whitehall sources 
said there were still loose ends 
to tie up. It is now expected 
that a decision will be an- 
nounced within the next few 

It is possible that the issue 
will be discussed again by 
ministers in the economic 
committee, which would 
probably be on Thursday. 

The contest is between 
Harland and Wolff in BellasL 
and Swan Hunter on Tyneside 
for a contract to design and 
build a new class of Auxiliary 
Oiler Replenishment vessel. 
The vessels would operate as 
supply ships tor the new Duke 
class of frigate, the first of 
which is being built by Yarrow 
on Clydeside. 

The immediate derision 
facing ministers is the placing 
of the orders for the first two 

AORs. though it is expected 
that eventually six of them 
will be needed. 

Harland and Wolff is be- 
lieved to have submitted the 
most competitive bid, and to 
be backed by the Ministry of 
Defence and the Scottish Of- 
fice. Swan Hunter has claimed 
that in effect the Harland and 
Wolff bid was subsidized, and 
one of the reasons for the 
delay has been that the Gov- 1 
eminent wanted to satisfy 
itself that the Harland and 
Wolffbid was made on a fully 
commercial basis. 

The Government appears to 
be moving in the direction of 
possibly splitting the order 
between the two yards, with 
each building one ship. 

The key question would 
then be which would be given 
the contract to produce the 
design. The evidence points to 
the Government probably giv- 
ing Harland ana WolfT the 
design contract. 

However, a spokesman for 
Swan Hunter said yesterday 
that if his company was given 
only the contract to build the 
second AOR, this would make 
it impossible for the firm to 
hold together its design team 
of about 400 people. 

is jailed 

By Richard Ford 

A Unionist politician was 
jailed yesterday after refusing 
to pay a fine imposed after a 
“loyalist" demonstration in 
Northern Ireland. 

The Rev Ivan Foster, a 
Democratic Unionist . Party 
Assembly member, was de- 
tained at his home in Co 
Fermanagh for non-payment 
of the £100 fine, which was 
imposed in February after he 
was found guilty of behaviour 
likely to cause a breach of the 

Mr Foster was taken to 
Crumlin Road jail in Belfast 
where he will spend 14 days. 
His conviction relates to 
events during a banned loyal- 
ist parade in the mainly Rom- 
an Catholic town of Castlewel- 
lan last June. 

Meanwhile, the two leaders 
of the province’s Unionist 
parties wilt call for a campaign 
of civil disobedience tomor- 

The Rev Martin Smyth, 
Official Unionist MP for Bel- 
fast South, said the campaign 
would have more effect' than 
falling into the Thatcher trap 
of making the issue one of law 
and order. 

By Philip Webster, Political Reporter 

Mr Norman Tebbit, the 
Conservative Party chai r man, 
predicted yesterday that the 
opinion of the electorate a boot 
the American bombing raid no 
Libya would steadily change in 
the Government's favour. 

He was launching his 
party's campaign in the West 
Derbyshire by-election, where 
the Government's decision to 
sanction the use of bases in 
Britain for the American at- 
tack has become an important 
early issue. 

His remarks reflated the 
concern in the Cabinet and 
among Conservative Party 
workers about the political 
costs of the raid in the 
approach to the local elections 
and the West Derbyshire and 
Ryedale by-elections on May 
8 . 

Mr Tebbit admitted that the 
initial impact bad been 
unfavourable, not least be- 
cause the early television pic- 
tures in Libya concentrated on 
civilian casualties rather than 

the damage to military targets. 

He recited a list of terrorist 
incidents in Britain in which 
Libyan involvement bad ben 
alleged and said: “The ques- 
tion we have to ask about the 
action taken against Libya is 
how many lives have been 
saved as a result of iL” 

He added that he doubted 
whether the Libyan affair 
would be a prime issue in the 
minds of the voters. They 
would be more interested in 
the fact that their mortgsaes 
were coming down and that 
small businesses and farmers 
were benefiting from cats in 
interest rates and changes ha 
capital transfer tax. 

Mr Patrick McLonghHn, 
aged 28, who is defending a 
majority of 15325, admitted 
yesterday while sitting along- 
side Mr Tebbit that there was 

S at concern over what had 
ppened In Libyan . 

Mr McLongfaliit said: 
“There comes a tune when yon 
have to stand firm and show 

these people that they cannot 
get away with acts of govent- 
ment-fhnded terrorism." 

Mr Christopher Watasley, 
aged 42, the Affiance candi- 
date, who is trying to convince 
voters that he is in a two-boree 
race with the Conservatives, 
said that the great majority of 
Conservative voters were criti- 
cal of the Government's deri- 

Mr BO! Moore, aged 52, the 
Labour candidate and a Ideal 
mao. said that in Tory parts of 
the towns of Ashbourne and 
Bdper he had teen ratable to 
find a single person who had: 
admitted to supporting the 
Prime Minister over Libya. 

Labour had 17 per cent of 
the vote in 1983 hot Mr, Moore 
.predicted that many would 
switch directly from the Con- 
servatives uj Labour because 
in times of crisis people tended 
to polarize; 

. conservaote mammy. 

Atm* aftarmsh, pfM 7 

curb in TV 


BBC television chiefe haw 
instructed Mr Nick Hunter, 
executive producer of snook- 
er. and his team, at the 
Crucible Theatre, Sheffield, 
scene of the Embassy World 
Professional Snooker Cham- 
pionship. to cut out, where 
possible, pictures of players 
smoking between shots. 

-We have beep asked, 
where possible, not to trans- 
mit shots of plavers smoking." 
Mr Hunter got firmed. 

The instruction could be 
very difficult to obey. Players 
such as Alex Higgins and 
Jimmy White almost chain 
smoke when they are sitting in 
their chairs, waiting to get 
back to the table.' ' 

Embassy are committed to 
the championship until 1990, 
and this year's and the four 
following tournaments, will 
cost them a total of £2 million, 
including prize money. 

Print union decision is Writers 
not to purge contempt quit NUJ 

By Michael HorsneiT 

Strong reaction to US move 

By Robin Young 

United States government 
regulations due to come into 
force on Thursday aim to give 
the LfS Department of Com- 
merce and the Central Intelli- 
gence Agency jurisdiction in 
Britain over the activities of 
UK subsidiaries of American 
computer companies. 

The regulations, made un- 
der the Export Administration 



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Act 1985. give the Depart- 
ment of Commerce the task of 
policing distribution of US 
high technology computer eq- 
uipment The CIA is charged 
with policing the end use of 
such equipment 
Liberal MPs have tabled an 
early day motion intended to 
force action against American 
interference in British affairs. 
Mr. Paddy Ashdown. Liberal 
MP for YcoviL yesterday 

as part of 
home movie’ 

A man murderd a girl aged 
17 while filming a hanging 
scene for a home-made movie; 
it was alleged at Birmingham 
Crown Court yesterday. 

Mr Brian £scott Cox. QC. 
for the prosecution, said that 
1 Geoffrey Jones, aged 49, un- 
, employed. ofEggington Road. 
1 Hall Green. Birmingham, had 
; developed an obsession about 
seeing women hang 
He lured Marion Terry to 
his home in Hall Green. 

I Birmingham, where he per- 
suaded her to pose with a 
j noose around her neck, then 
pulled her feet from under her. 

I Mr Escott Cox said. 

The case continues. 

claimed Britain was about to 
become the victim of “com- 
mercial and legal terrorism on 
a grand scale”. He described 
the regulations as “illegal and 

The supposed object of the 
regulations is to prevent ad- 
vanced computer equipment 
reaching a list of banned 
countries. The ban does not 
apply only to the Soviet bloc. 

CBI warning 
on pension 
cost rises 

The Confederation of Brit- 
ish Industry gave a warning 
yesterday that the Social Secu- 
rity Bill could lead to lower- 
value pensions for employees 
or “unexpected and 
unwelcome” increases in 
Government and employers’ 
costs (Edward Townsend 

In particular, it opposes the 
proposed fiat rate rebate for all 
who contract out of the state 
earnings related pension 
scheme and also for a 2 per 
cent subsidy to be also offered 
to those who move from 
contracted-out schemes to 
personal pensions. 

The print union Sogat .'82 
yesterday decided against 
purging its contempt of the 
High Court in spite of mount- 
ing pressure to change tactics 
in view of its unsuccessful 
battle with News 

The union, whose 4.700 
members at the company were 
dismissed after going on strike 
in January, had )ts£i7 million 
assets sequestrated after ignor- 
ing an injunction ordering it to 
halt blacking of company 
newspapers by its members at 

The sequestration of its 
funds, on February 10. means 
that Sogat will almost certain- 
ly be forced to caned its 
scheduled conference in June. 
Miss Brenda Dean, its genera! 
secretary, confirmed. 

Because the blacking policy 
has failed, some members of 
Sogat's national executive 
want the union to purge its 
contempt in order to regain 
control of its assets so that it 
can pay dispute benefit to its 
News International members 
and .restore normal service to 
the rest of its 213.000 mem- 

Pressures increased last 
week when Sogat members in 
Liverpool and Watford help- 
ing to produce lhe colour 
supplements of the Sews of the 
II er/dand The Sunday Times 
overwhelmingly rejected a 
union ballot calling on them 
to boycott the magazines. 

But at a meeting of the 
executive committee mem- 
bers felt that purgingf ’the 

contempt by apologizing to 
the court would be loo great a 
climb-down in the bailie 
which Sogat has decided to . 
maintain against News Inter- 
. national for reinsiatemeiu-for 
its members. 

The executive decided, 
however, that it would keep 
the issue under review. 

Miss Dean said that the 
executive is concerned at the 
“great problems" suffered by 
its brandies throughout the 
country because of the 

Sogat's response to News 
International's offer of a take- 
over of the old company plant 
at Gray's Inn Road for the 
production of a new national 
newspaper plus upto£l5 mil- 
■ lion compensation for' dis- 
missed staff remains 

• Two hundred and twenty 
six people have been arrested 
since March 3 in connection 
wth the News International 
dispute at Warning. Mr Giles 
Shaw. Home Office Minister 
of Slate, said in a Commons 
written reply yesterday. 

• Oliver Duke, a former Sun 
journalist, was bound over for 
a year in the sum of £50 when 
a charge of using insulting 
words on the picket line 
outside News International 
was dropped by the prosecu- 
tion at Thames Magistrates' 
Court. cast London, 
yesterday. Mr Duke, aged 34. a 
layout artisL of Northyiew- 
Road. Homscv. had denied 
the charge. _ ^ 

Letters, page 13 

quit Nil J 
in protest 

Times columnist Sir Wood- 
row Wyatt yesterday left the 
National Union of Journalists 
in protest at . its conference 
decision to send condolences 
to Libya following the US air 

The former Labour MFs 
decision came hours after The 
Observer s political editor. Mr 
Adam Raphael, said he had 
resigned for the same reason. 

There is a growing possibili- 
ty that some national newspa- 
per journalists will form their 
own breakaway union in the 
wake of the conference's deci- 
sion to consider disciplinarv. 
action against members work- 
ing at the Npws- International 
plant at Wapping. 

• Mr Peter Thompson has 
resigned as editor of the 
Sunday Mirror “by mutual 
consent” it was announced. 

A spokesman for them did 
nofwjsb to comment oo the 
BBC's move, which is a minor 
victory for MrSluart Holmes, 
aged 38. of Manchester, who 
has picketed the stage door ter 
the -past two years m his-onC- 
man. anti-smoking campaign. . 

after cliff fafi 

A man escaped with a cat 
lip mid shock after his car 

the difis of Dover yesterday. . 

Mr Desmond Gregory's car 
wean over tire d iff edge as be 
- tried to move it backwards. If 
landed in trees near the base 
andMr Gregory, of Bearsted, 
dear Maidstone, scrambled 

Loneftwa is just one problem 

^5 8 *P-apirituSIemoUo«i3 1 * ,aaS,Wd,0r 1 
fV** 1 **- '•Wly togfamail 
in ell parts ot the world. . 

To give this he Ip we depend 
upon votuntaiy contributions, 
hetpus to continue Anglican 

Church’s minis fry to 

tegac* orptaesesen 
The Wssioos to Seamen, 


SLMiettael Paternoster Roy; 

London EC4R2RL. 






Happy and Glorious 

■VJj, m 

.-.•. ' '. 

W+r r *<'•■. * ’f i y f * ■’■■■■ . , y Sjjn- ^ 



\ <> 

* - . • _ . _ _ , 

- v *' 'a? r. 

Y“ *' ‘j 

rS. . > %W* • *. 

"Wdk V’. 

-. A»r ^ufjuj 

CwiJiBBed from page 1 - 
• George «f Hanover and Prin- 
ce$s jQoBis of Hesse. 

:- Joining • tbe family in the 
.siatls ?*as:thfr newest recruit to 
^t^- Honse of Windsor, who 
Vioes^notattRin fall member- 
ship Mtffl Jetfy. Miss Sarah 
Vj^gostm, 1 looking elegantly 
.restrained to u bine-grey suit 

Children strewing the Queen's path with flowers as she went walkabout in the forecourt of Rockin gham Palace yesterday and (right) the Queen at Windsor. 

Pomp and pageantry salute the Queen 

^Sp^^axfss j^ Wales* pillar 
: tNK red ahd matching pillbox 
' ’• •.:■••: .■■■ 
v -Back fa.the nave the rows of 
-seats . .wenSr. -peppered with 
Bowesrlynosand Rrabonrnes, 
Xjo^Aes midjRincesses of Yo- 
goslana, Baden and Denmark, 
arenundectbat in the days of 
Smmr&kaS. Earope, family 
/jtfes :mrtwiaed most, of the 
Continent's thrones. AH the 
of politics 
were there, from Mrirad Mrs 
Thatdfer through the Aflian« 

to Mr and Mrs Kfanock, as 
was every prime nrintoer who 
has served the Queen ami still 
Ikes: Lord Stockton. Lord 
Home of die Hired. Lord 
Wilson of Rievaalx (who, as a 
Knight of die Garter, claimed 
an honoured seat in the stalls), 
Mr Edward Heath and Mr 
Janies f ^allaghan. 

.-. Beyond the rows of black 
morning suits and tastefhl 
hats, the 12 Military Knights 
of Windsor splashed the chan- 
cel with vivid scarlet, gold and 
black. Gold-embroidered state 
trumpeters and scarlet Yeo- 
men of the Guard set the west 
end of die nave ablaze. 

The Queen, m a coat of 
d^77H » g yellow the colour of 
daffodils, arrived in a steady - 

drizzle and a see-through um- 
brella, and the procession up 
the nave made halting 
progress as the wet brollies 
were gathered and shaken at 
the door. 

Walking the drapers splen- 
did nave, the Queen passed the 
tomb of her grandfather, 
George V, and the chapel that 
holds the mortal remains of 
her beloved father, George VL, 
who died at the age of So. 

Organ and voices made a 
mightily joyous sound with 
three of the Queen's favourite 
hymns she had chosen herself: 
Praise My Soul tbe King of 
Heaven, Immortal Invisible 
God Only Wise, and Now 
Thank We All Our God. The- 
Prince of Wales, his finger 

still bandaged, read as tbe 
lesson that most familiar pas- 
sage from Corinthians that 
praises what used to be called 
charity and hi now love. 

The Dean of Windsor.the 
Right Rev Michael Mann, led 
the prayer for tbe Queen, that 
under her her nation and 
Commonwealth might be wise- 
ly governed. Tbe pomp over, 
theQoeen's sombre face broke 
into the broad smile of relax- 
ation, and buret into laughter 
as she descended to the glass- 
sided Scottish State Coach, 
substituted for an open landau 
because of tbe rain. 

There, on her seat, there 
awaited her a giant birthday 
card covered in signatures, 
which the Dnke of Emu burgh 

waved for all to see. Then, in 
the persistent drizzle, tbe 
Qneeo and her family pro- 
cessed through Windsor's 
crowded streets to a large 
private lunch at the Castle. 

She was still dressed in 
appropriate yellow when she 
appeared on the Buckingham 
Palace balcony In the after- 
noon accompanied by her hus- 
band, Prince Andrew and 
Miss Ferguson to acknowl- 
edge the tribute of 6JM0 
children who walked down the 
Mall bearing 120,000 

With the aid of the Grena- 
dier Guards and several school 
bands, they assembled in die 
Palace forecourt to serenade 

Whereupon the Queen sud- 
denly appeared among them in 
the forecourt, chatted to many 
of them, and watched the 
release of 60 white doves and 
pigeons from a red-and-gold 
float parked outside the Pal- 
ace gates. 

The presentation, organized 
by a voluntary and unofficial 
Queen's birthday committee, 
was intended to convey to tbe 
Qneen three things of which 
she is especially fond: chil- 
dren, flowers and music. 

Music of a grander kind 
provided evening entertain- 
ment for the Queen when she 
attended a gala concert at the 
Royal Opera House, Covent 

Prince Andrew and Miss Sarah Ferguson at the Palace 


Homes boom raises concern 

;rh in 1 — over guidelines on lending 


The staff commonroom at 
Tanting College, West Sus- 
sex, was buzzing with excite- 
ment yesterday. 

Not only were tire boys 
returning for tire start of the 
summer tern but then 1 modem 
languages master, Mr Geran 
Jones, was celebrating a third 
-share In the daily Portfolio 
Gold prize of £4400. 

Mr Jones, aged 26, said: 
“Many;of my colleagues do 
the competition and I do not 
.expect it win be long before the 
boys find out I’ve won.** 
Another winner is Miss 
Philippa Buckley, a retired 
school teacher, of Ashford, 
Knit “The win has come as a 
bit of a shock - 1 might use the 
money on a foreign holiday.** 
The third winner is Mr 
WOliam Hoskyus, aged 61, of 
Bartley Green, Bir mingh a m . 
Mr Hoskyus, a toolmaker for 
a firm of gunsmiths, said: “I 
find the game amusing ami 
-have been doing it since it 
.began last week; 

“I haven't decided what I 
will (to with ray winnings yet" 

y • •’ ‘ 

By Christopher Wannan, Property Correspondent 

• - k 

“ ' t 

Mr Hoskyns: gunsmiths' 
' toolmaker on target. 

You will need the new 
Pnrtolio Gold card to pbv the 
game. If you have any difficul- 
ty in. obtaining one from your 
newsagent, send a s,a.e- to: 
Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 



No jail over 
contempt call 

Mr Justice Russell made 
“no order” in the High Court 
in London yesieniay on a 
move bv Mr Brian Cox. of 
Beaufort Gardens. Chelsea, 
west London.' managing dir ec- 
ior of an- hotel in Po° Ie - 
Dorset. to have Mr John SIqw- 
magistmes* clerk, at Poole, 
committed to pnson for ai- 
tefwi contempt of court 
The judg£ said that the case 
had- & complicated back- 
ground concerning alleged 
failure by Mr Cov to comply 
i«ibia.nBn*ttenance .order . ... .. 

Reports of rocketing prices, 
a spring boom in house de- 
mand and first-time buyer 
houses selling out have con- 
firmed predictions of a sellers* 
market by the Royal Institu- 
tion of Chartered Surveyors, 
the institution says after a 
survey for the quarter ended 
March 3L 

It concludes that a moderate 
Bocfeeu reduced interest rates, 
ample mortgage funds and the 
spring season have combined 
to boost demand over supply, 
leading to a sudden leap in the 
genera) rise in bouse prices. 

In its survey of 212 agents, 
the institution finds that the 
last time such a high propor- 
tion (nearly 15 per cent) 
reported increases of 5 per 
cent was in May 1 984 and the 
number reporting an S per 
cent increase (more than 2 per 
, cent) the highest for a year. 

Mr John Thomas, for the 
institution, says that a ceiling 
may soon be reached. “With 
the prospect of lower interest 
rates, markets are likely to 

Car repair 
cut court 

Motonsts with defective ve- 
hicles are to be given the 
chance to repair the fault 
rather than face prosecution 
(Stewart Tendler writes). 

A scheme announced yes- 
terday. which will be Intro- 
duced in the next few months, 
aims to save court costs and 
improve road safety. 

Since 1981. trials have been 
held m Scotland and with six 
forces in England in which 
80 per cent of vehicles 
stopped were either repaired 
or scrapped without any court 

Yesterday Mr John Over, 
Chief Constable of Gwent and 
secretary of the Association of 

Range Rover 
fast model 

Europe's fastest four-wheel 
dnve diesel vehicle, the new 
Range Rover Turbo D. is 
being launched ai the Turin 
Motor Show today (Our Mo- 
toring Correspondent writes). 

it sets impressive new foci 
economy standards for the 
normally thirsty Range 
Rover.bui the British compa- 
re had to go to Italy for the 
new 2A lure turbocharged 
engine. It was developed ex- 
clusively for the Range Rover 
by Stabilimcnti Mcccamci 
V"M. Bologna, to counter Japa- 
nese-powered rivals. 

continue to be lively. Howev- 
er. with inflation in the aver- 
age wage being curtailed, there 
is a limit to purchasers* sup- 
port for higher prices, espe- 
cially remembering that loans 
over £30,000 do not achieve 
any lax relief.” 

There is however a danger- 
ous side effect of the surge in 
prices and availability of 
mortgage money, according to 
the Incorporated Society of 
Valuers and Auctioneers. 

It says that while purchaser 
confidence is all important in 
ensuring a healthy housing 
market, there is no doubt that 
the supply of mortgage funds 
from an increasing number of 
sources is pushing the market 

With lower interest rates, 
the reduction in cost of en- 
dowment-linked mortgages 
and incentives to borrow in 
the shape of preferential loan 
rates, unless there is some 
setback in the economy, house 
prices must be. exported to 
move ahead quite rapidly as 

scheme to 

Chief Police Officers, which is 
introducing the scheme, said it 
was a move to make vehicles 
safer and not encourage driv- 
ers to leave repairs until the 
police caught them. 

Under the “vehicle defects 
rectification scheme**, police 
will give drivers the chance to 
make good defects, such as 
faults with headlights, ex- 
hausts and lyres, within about 
14 days. 

The driver wifi have to 
produce evidence that work 
had been done by having a 
form, issued when stopped by 
the police, validated by an 
MOT testing station to show 
the defect had been remedied. 

Cheese sales 
increase font 
butter dips 

Cheese consumption rose 
by 3 per cent last year, but 
sales of butter fell by 7 per 
i cent, the Dairy Trade Federa- 
i non reported yesterday (John 
; Young. Agriculture Corre- 
spondent . writes). 

Most of the cheese increase 
consisted of soil and imported 

Cream consumption re- 
mained fairly static, but ifflila- 
non substitutes gained 
grou nd. Sales of yogurt contin- 
ued to nse. and milk sales 
remained at more than 
29 mill. ioa pirns a day 

more buyers are tempted into 
the market. 

The concern is that in that 
rush to lend money by the 
institutions, there appears to 
be a relaxation in traditional 
lending guidelines. 

The fact remains that prices 
are increasing A survey of 
Yorkshire and Humberside 
shows that increases are mark- 
edly higher than the national 
average in the 8 per cent 
increase bracket. 

Storey Sons and Parker, of 
Stokesley, reports the “first 
significant price rises in about 
three years,” while in Scarbor- 
ough Edward Harlan d and 
Sons claimed that March had 
been a “best ever” month. 

From Crawley, West Sus- 
sex, Churchman and Duke 
says there are practically no 
properties to offer in the 
popular range up to £40,000. 

Houses formerly owned by 
the New Town Commission, 
typified by the three-bedroom 
terrace house, are costing 

Chief for 

The ITV satellite service. 
Superchannel, has appointed 
Mr Richard Hooper, a senior 
British Telecom official, as its 
chief executive. The channel is 
expected to be launched next 

Mr Hooper, a former BBC 
radio producer and director of 
British Telecom's Prestel Ser- 
vice. is chief executive of 
Telecom’s Value Added Sys- 
tems and Services. He will 
join Superchannei on June 1 

Soccer snub 

for council 

Liverpool Football Club has 
snubbed a city council recep- 
tion to celebrate the first all- 
Merseyside FA Cup final. 

The announcement, by the 
manager, Kenny Dalglish, 
came two hours after ifte 
Labour-run authority an- 
nounced plans for players and 
officials of Liverpool, and 
Everton to attend a buffet 
lunch at the town hall. 

Two hunted 

Police m Gloucestershire 
were yesterday hunting two 
men who kidnapped and rap- 
ed a teenage girl on the edge of 
the Cotswolds. The girl aged 
1 7 was nding her moped near 
Bmdhp early on Sunday eve- 
ning when a maroon van 
former' her to stop. 

W hen you first handle a Patek Philippe, you 

become aware that this watch has tire presence 
of an object of rare perfection. 

We know the feeling well. We experience it every time 
a Patek Philippe leaves the hands of our craftsmen. 
You can call it pride. For us it lasts a moment; for you. 
a lifetime. 

We made this watch for 
you - to be part of your 
life - simply because this 
is the way we’ve always 
made watches. 

And if we may draw a con- 
clusion from five genera- 
tions of experience, it will 
be this: choose once but 
choose welL 
A Patek Philippe - 
because it’s for a lifetime. 




At exclusive Patel. Philippe*: howroom 
1^ New Bond Street. London WlY 9PF 
Tel 01 403 8866 


Extensive discussions 
on future form of 
primary health care 


tr. on effort to improve the 
service given by doctors, den- 
tist* and others" in the primary 
health can: services, the Gov- 
ernment has issued a discussion 
document to form the basis of 
[extensive consultations. Mr 
Norman Fowler. Secretary of 
‘State for Social Services, told the 
Commons in a statement 

The document suggested, he 
said, the introduction of a good 
.practice allowance which would 
reward those doctors providing 
the highest standards of service 
"and would act as an incentive to 
■others. This was in line with a 
'recommendation of the Royal 
•College of General 

The document proposed a 
flexible retirement system and 
an end to the 24-hour retirement 
rule whereby doctors were able 
to retire and rejoin the service 
within 24 hours, collect a lump 
sum pay ment and in some eases 
draw both pension and pav in 

The Gov ernment was anxious 
•to attract younger doctors to 
inner cities and the document 
■discussed adjusting the allow- 
ances for practice premises in 
inner cities to compensate for 
their higher costs. 

On dental services, the docu- 
ment outlined ways in which 
patients could be more sure of 
peeing the full range of national 
health service treatment. To 
help patients choose their den- 
tist. it suggested that restrictions 
on advertising might be further 

The Government also be- 
lieved that pharmancists should 
plav a larger part in providing 
primary care services. The 
pharmacist should be enabled to 
adv ise doctors and patients on 
the use of medicines. 

- Consultations on the pro- 
posals would Iasi until the end 
of the year. Many services were 
of a "high standard, but the 
Government believed that fur- 
ther improvements were pos- 
sible. For that reason, it had 
embarked upon the first overall 
review for 40 years. 

Mr Frank Dobson, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on health, 
said the least satisfactory ser- 
vices were concentrated in inner 
cm areas, some very rural areas 
and also rundown areas of 
heavy industry which combined 
the worst characteristics of both. 

The Government was right to 
seek an increase in the involve- 
ment of the pharmaceutical 
profession in day-to-day health 
care but paid no heed to the 
conflict between objective pro- 
fessional advice and making 
money out of the sale of drugs. 

Conservative supporters of 
the idea of more across-ihe- 
counter sales of drugs should 
also remember that the proposal 
transferred the cost from the 
NHS to the patient. That no 
doubt was why the Treasury 
Irked the idea. 

Labour believed that the gen- 
eral standard of primary care 
should be brought up to the 
standard of the best. Everyone 
in primary care should in future 
play a much greater role in 
promoting good health by a 
team approach. 

Family practitioner commit- 
tees or "whoever succeeded to 
their function should take on a 
more positive role of monitor- 
ing the health of their area and 
making and implementing pos- 
itive plans to improve it- 
Mr Fowler said the Govern- 
ment welcomed reports that the 
Labour Party accepted the prin- 
ciple of the selected list and the 
principle of prescription charges 
as well. That was a sensible 
move on Labour's pan. 

Resources for primary care 
Had increased under this Gov- 
ernment by something /ike 24 
per cent In real terms. The 
familv practitioner service now 
cost £4 billion compared with £2 
billion in 1979-80. There had 
been significant increases in the 
number of doctors and demists. 

He entirely shared the view 
that there was a special need for 
high quality service in the inner 


Boyes: Advertising may 
lead to wrong drain 

Mr Robert McCrindle (Brent- 
wood and Ongar.C) said it had 
become unjustifiably difficult 
and cumbersome to transfer 
from one doctor to another, if 
there were now to be proposals 
to make that easier on the basis 
of adjusting the remunerative 
package of doctors and advertis- 
ing alternative services, that 
would be widely welcomed by 
the general public. 

Mr Fowler Yes. 1 think it will. 
Changing doctor is already 
reasonably straightforward. I 
hope the proposals wc have set 
out will make it even easier. It 
also sets out the principle that 
the public have the right to the 
maximum information about 
the GPs who treat them. 

Mr David Alton (Liverpool, 
Mosslcv Hill. Li asked if there 
would be legislation during this 
Parliament, and if Mr Fowler 
had finally buried his proposals 
to cash limit the family prac- 
titioner service. 

Mr Fowler said ihe Govern- 
ment had not made proposals 
on cash limiting the family 
practitioner service. 

After the consultation period 
the Government would want to 
have direct negotiations with 
the professions and there would 
be the prospect of legislation or 
a White Paper. It would be 
unwise to say that no legislation 
could come in the lifetime of 
this Government. 

Mr Roger Sims iChislehursu O 
asked for an explanation of the 
increased role seen for 

Mr Fowler We will be issuing 
special leaflets which will set out 
a summary of the proposals. 
They are being published today. 

We would (he said) like to see 
pharmacists playing a greater 
part in advising the public on 
their health care rather than 
doing some of the traditional 
things like supervising dispens- 
ing which in many ways could 
be done in a different way. 

Mr Rabin Maxwell-Hyslop 
(Tiverton. C) said there was a 
need to look at rural areas where 
people needed to go to work 
instead of wasting working time 
trying to get to dispensers. 
Doctors visiting patients could 
ill-a fiord to provide drugs free 
but could not get payment for 
drugs they left with patients. 

Mr Fowler Although we are 
dearly seeking to put more 
concentration on inner cities, we 
are seeking to have meetings in 
some rural areas to get an insight 
into their problems. 1 agree 
about the importance of general 
practitioner dispensing. 

Sir Roland Boyes (Houghton 
and Washington. Lab): The 
Government says the public is 
entitled to more information 
about the type of service. That 
smells to some of us like 

Many of us are worried that 
people will choose their doctor 
on the basis of quality of 
advertising rather than on qual- 
ity of service. Will someone 
monitor and control the amount 
of advertising a doctor may use? 
Mr Fowler: It is open to 
organizations to put forward 
views about how far the process 
should go and some would seek 
rather wider advertising than is 
at present possible. 

Our general principle is that 
the public is entitled to the 
maximum information 

Later be said that the latest 
information was that 515 doc- 
tors in genera] practice were in 
their seventies: 74 were in their 
eighties and two were in their 

We think that present 
arrangements are out of date (he 
added) and were put forward at 
a time when the need was to 
enable elderly doctors to con- 
tinue in practice. 

Parliament today 

Commons (130): Debates on 
Opposition motions on hous- 
ing and transport 
Lords (2.30): Family Law Bill, 
second reading; Legal Aid 
(Scotland) Bill, third reading; 
Patents. Designs and Marks 
Bill, report stage. 

Transport, told the Commons he 
was with the attention 

given to security by theBritish 
Airports Authority at the termi- 
nal which was one of the most 
advanced from the security point 
of view in the world. 

There could never be 100 per 
cent certainty about preventive 
measures ana there would be « 
need for constant vigilance and, 
no doubt future refinements, be 
said at question time. 

Security measures at British 

airports had been stepped up in 
the last few daya. He bad spent a 
good deal of time on security 
arrangements at London 
Heathrow mgeoeral and Termi- 
nai 4 in particular. 

Mr Eric Forth (Mid Worcester- 
shire, C) said he foun d the 
answer reassuring. But horrific 
stories had appearei a bout 
Terminal 4 a "4 the apparently 
easy access that some people 
had had to it. 

He wanted reassurance that 

Pointing way 
to tourist 


Experiments with the new white 
and brown tourist attraction 
signs in Kent and Nottingham- 
shire had been most successful 
and the signs would be in- 
troduced throughout England, 
Mr Peter Bottom ley. Under 
Secretary of State for Transport, 
said during Commons 

In formation was being sent 
today to local authorities and . 

others. Signs to attractions, with ! 

over 150.000 visitors a year, 
would be allowed on motor- : 
ways. On other roads there 
could be lower thresholds. The 
scheme would benefit tourists 
and the attractions. 

Mr Gregory Knight (North 
Derby, C) said the deportment 
should be congratulated on the 
speed with which it bad dealt 
with this matter. 

What were the implications 
for expenditure? Who would 
pay for the new signs? 

Mr Bottomley said in general 
attraction operators would pay 
for them. Local authorities 
could contribute but fie did not 
expect to see increased public 

Mr Robert Key (Salisbury. Q 
did not want the department to 
go overboard with standardiza- 
tion of signs which might be 
provided adquately by kraal 

It was not only tourist sites 
that people wanted to k now 
about. They were interested in 
village shops in rural areas, too. 
Mr Bottomley said he was not 
sure they wished to advertise 
every village shop from motor- 
ways, but it was important to 
allow signs to be put up and paid 
for by attraction operators. 

aircraft around the world? 

Mr Spicer: It is ear firm aim to 

ensure that British airports are 
as secure in fotnre as in the past. 

Some of the stories have been 
misplaced. One particular news- 
paper claimed to have broken 
security. In tod the journalist 
had to go through security 
before they were able to take 
their pictures. 

Mr John Cartwmht (Weohvich, 
SDF) spoke of reports that 
security staff at Heathrow were 
not happy with the operation of 
machinery which apparently 
foQed to detect explosives at the 
airport last week. 

What action (he asked) wfll be 
to k en on the view of the staff 
that the only effective method of 
detection is a thorough hand 

big with hold baggage. . 

We use these procedures (he 
said) as they are applied. 

Mrs Gwyneth Dun woody 
(Crewe aim Nantwich, . Lab): 
The only reason the operation at 
Heathrow last week was 
successful was that a hand-held 
search revealed s discrepancy 
between the weight and contents 
of a passenger's case. _ 

Was the minister right m 
saying he was happy abeot 
f*Vwg arrangements? If there 
were iasuffieie&t staff and they 
were unable to be equipped with 
the proper help, this sort of 
thing weald surely happen 

Mr Spicer said that was a 
substantial point of view in the 
present state of the art. 

The X-ray facilities (lw said) 
bare their inadequacies. But the 

Mr Spicer said a number «f 
factors led to the detection Mrs 
Dunwoody had mentioned. The 
House would not wish hka to gff 
into detail. There had been 
double systems of checki ng . 
Other in addition to H 

A1 bad similar procedures and 
they believed that a sfemSar 

Postponing new 
examination is 
not an option 


The Alliance has accused Sir 
Keith Joseph, Secretary of Stare 
for Education and Science, of 
lack of leadership, incom- 
petence and insensitivity during 
a Commons debate on 

The charges were levelled at 
him by Mr Clement Freud 
(North East Cambridgeshire, L) 
who opened the Commons de- 
bate on a technical censure 
motion to reduce Sir Keith’s 
salary by £1.000 because of toe 
widespread lack of confidence in 
the Government's education 

Mr Frond said toe education 
budget had fallen as a propor- 
tion of gross domestic product 
from 13 per cent in 1974 to just 
over 10 per cent today. That was 
one indictment. 

The most damning and 
damaging charge against toe 
minister was lack of leadership, 
failing to fight his comer in 
Cabinet for education resources. 

He had shown his incom- 
petence over the Bill on corporal 
punishment. Property, it had 
been thrown out in the Lords. 
Insensitivity had been involved 
in school reorganization. 

- The Alliance would return 
more autonomy to total govern- 
ment and institute an educa- 
tional ombudsman or 
ombudswoman to hear com- 
plaints. There would be open 
access to educational records 
and training for parent 

Head teachers should not be 
secure for life and pupils should 
be on governing bodies. 
Teachers’ pay should be finked 
to conditions of service. The 
Alliance would phase out the 
assisted places scheme. - 
Mr Christopher Patten, Min- 
ister of State for Eduction and 
Science, said postponement of 
the GCSE examination would 
lead to protracted delay against 
a background of chaos and was 
simply not an option. 

The GCSE starting this year, 
was the most significant reform 
of 16-plus examinations for 20 
years. The preparations were 
literally unprecedented, and the 
Government bad tried to re- 
spond to legitimate professional 
concern, for example about the 
resources of training. 

The Government could not 
stand down the boards and 
groups trying to require them to 
produce some sort of makeshift 
GCE and CSE examinations 
again when ihe machinery bad 
in many cases been dismantled 
already. The Government was 
always ready to discuss pro- 
fessional concerns about the 
GCSE because h wanted to 
ensure the examination was a 
success. It intended to do all it 
could to ensure this examina- 
tion was introduced smoothly. 

The teachers were the final 
piece of the jigsaw. A sensible 
deal with the teaefcm would 
greatly improve the dictat e for . 
the introduction of the GCSE 
That was behind many of the 
anxieties which were being ex- 
pressed. If they did not get that 
son of deal, much else as well as 
toe GCSE would be threatened 
and that underlined the iro- 

Bot take precedence are P**~ 

airport? - 

Mr Spaces I can gh* Mratfca* 
assurance. Bat a pci nurael 
balance most be struck Ul*Wi 

needs of security. At ti me* -rf 
Ugh tension, security needs 
mist be pwnrntotort . 

Mr Tony Banks (Nrtton 
North WesC lab) wa nted «- 
guarantee that no neroro 
operated titoe Irakis wouM .be 
able to enter the utijnrirsi *» 
Heathrow airport. 

Would Mr Spww go oven 
farther sad ask Lon do n Be- 
zienar Transport in pat grard s ; 
m carriage on these owe 


portance of getting that sort of 
deal this summer. 

The Government wanted to 
see better paid teachers, a better 
career structure with better 
promotion prospects and better 
rewards for skills in short sup- 
ply. A dear fink bad to be 
established between what teach- 
ers were paid and what they 
were paid to do. 

It was 18 carat nonsense to I 
say that education was suffering ! 
from ludicrous shortage of re- 
sources or that everything in ; 
education could be put right if 
more money was spent. 

Ifthere was to be a deal which 

was fair to teachers, lax payers, 
ratepayers, e mp lo y ers, parents 
and above all children it most 
fink pay and duties together 
once and for alL 

One of the disadvantages 
some children faced in itinerary 
areas was the attitude which a 
minority of their teachers had 
and toe altitude which some 
members of the local education 
authorities that ran those areas 
had as weiL 

The main credit for what bad 
been achieved on the curricu- 
lum, teacher training, the finks: 
bctWen industry and education, 
parent power, examination re- 
form, and the drive to raise the 
quality of education in all 
schools to the level achieved in 
the best should go "to the 
Secretary of Slate. He had 
carried through a major pro-, 
gramme of reforms; •• ( 

Mr Giles Radice, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on education, 
said schools did not have the j 
level of resources for toe job I 
they were being asked to do. 
Even the Secretary of State had 
admitted that teachers were 

On top of the problem of 
resources (he went on) we have a 
crisis of morale. For well over a 
year most children's education 
has been disrupted in one way or 
another, leaving pupils un- 
certain. parents anxious and 
teachers demoralized and alien- 
ated. Too many of our schools 
now exist in an atmosphere of 

The Government had been 
running around in a stare 
bordering on panic. It was dear 
that the Secretary of State had 
tost the support of parents and 

When parents are so con- 
cerned, schools are in a state of 
crisis and education is a top 
priority (he said) we cannot 
afford a lame duck Secretary of 
State. Speculation and rumour 
is not good for education. The 
only way it can be ended is if the 
Secretary of State himself de- 
cides that enough is enough. I 
have to repeal my call for him to 

Unless the problem of 
teachers' nay could be settled 
there would not be progress in 
toe schools.' If the Acas talks 
were to Succeed, the National 
Union of Teachers, as toe 
majority union, would have to 
be inducted. 

I am also certain (he said) that 
more resources will have to be 
provided to back the Acas talks. 
If they are- not provided. I do not 
believe we will get a deal. - 

Mr Spicer said be cntddw rt y? 
any such guarantee, >4tou- 
oosly toe sccmby *** *** « 

train* eutei tog toe anpralwoalg 
be closely watched- 

are ready 
tor sale 


The Government was accused 
b» Leni VnderluB (Lab) of 
putting political dogma before 
toe interests of air travellers m 
pressing for privatization of toe 
British Airports Authority. 
Speaking in the House of . Lords 
during toe second reading de- 
bate on the Airports Bill, he said 
that ao other cottony m toe 
world was proceeding on toe 
lines which .toe . British Govern- 
ment was with this Bifl. 

Why should he asked) 

want to be toe fin* when, as 
everyone agrees, we havea very 
efficient British. : Airports 
Authority operating at - toe 
moment? •• - - v • 

The Earl of CafchiKSS,. Under 
Secretary of State for Transpon. 
successfofly moving the second 
reading of toe BflL which has 
already passed through toe 
Commons, said airports had 
come of age: They were now a 
mature, expanding and highly 
profitable sector, of the 

economy. ... 

The. Bill would .provide a 
. framework for the United King- 
dom airport industry to mine 
into' foe 1990s and .beyond. It 
was not a. static industry. but 
■had to- change -arid rvofw to 
meet toe demands, of r civil 

aviation. '/ '** - . 

bribe past 50 years the 
industry- had grown from in- 
fancy to one of the most 
successful and dynamic indus- 
trial sectors in toe country. 

, The Bill would, liberate air- j 
port management from political i 
interference, from whatever 
direction, and enable airport 
operators to respond to toe 
needs of their custom ers rat her 
than toe drifting priorities of 
politicians and officials. 

Tough economic regulation 
would prevent SianstetL or any 
other airport, from indulging in 
a price policy that was preda- 
tory. This would stop any 
airport charging prices which 
were too low to cover costs, were 
artificially low, or which were 
intended to harm any other 
airport. . . 

Lord Underbill said the Bill was 
unnecessary and for from assist- 
ing the aviation industry, would 
do just the opposite. 

.The BAA had fixed assets put 
t ai £1,179 mtfiioh yet toe es- 
timate for the flotation was 
between £450 and £520 mflfion. 
Was toe Government proposing 
to give away toe airports? 

There was also nothing ra toe 
Bill to ensure, that .foreign- 
interests or airlines were not 
able to take shares in the 
privatized airports. The dangers 
of that were obvious. 

Lady Burton of Coventry (SDP) ‘ 
said ihe privatization proposal i 
had nothing to do with a need to 
review ihe structure and meth- 
ods of managing -BAA or to 
correct' any faults in toe system.' 

It was primarily a political 
objective in the same way as the 
gas industry bad been 

When she asked "BAA who 
would benefit from the BilL the ' 
unhesitating answer had: been 
the Government and. the 
shareholders. 1 had to remind 
them (toe said) of toe customers 
and die airlines. 

MP’s fury at food going to Libya 


Bureaucrats in Brussels had 
launched a secret, grotesque, 
sordid and toady deal, in direct 
conflict with the Community's 
political leadership, to supply 
butler, beef and milk powder to 
Libya. H amounted to stuffing 
money into Colonel Gsdaffi’s 
pocket as a down payment on 
future terrorist outrages. Mr 
Antony Marlow (Northampton 
North, C) said in the Commons. 

Applying for an emergency 
debate, he said toe EEC civil 
servants' decision focussed 
upon a joint European approach 
to Libya's initiation and co- 

ordination of international ter- 
rorism — a step which was 
sensible in itself as well as a 
means of reducing toe risk of 
further military action. 

The Secretary of State for 
Foreign arid Commonwealth 
Affairs (Sir Geoffrey jHowe) had 
crossed toe Channel that day to 
persuade his European col- 
leagues to introduce the nec- 
essary measures. 

Fo ur-a nd-a-ha 1 f-tho usan d 
pounds of butter were to be 
spirited away to Libya at a cost 
of 8p per half pound. 

What - about the United. 
Kingdom's own poor and the 
starving in the Third World? 

When was toe Council of 
Ministers informed, if it was 

informed. 'at aB? “ 

Was it possible to prevent 
United Kfogdom produce from 
going into this deal? Or was .it 
the case that bases in this 
country could be used for a 
military attack, but we had no 
. power to stop a deal 'prthis kind? 

Was the bureaucrats' decision 
about the butter legal?. . 

An emergency debate 1 was 
needed so that MPs could use 
their, power and influence to 
.prevent the cargo from being 

The Speaker (Mr Bernard 
WeatheriD), in ..refusing the' re- 
quest for tot emergency debate, 
said he hoped Mr Marlow might 
find other opportunities of rais- 
ing toe matter in.ifte House. 

Check-list on extradition papers 

‘IAT4 siaUstu:* 


The Law Officers’ Department 

and the Attorney GtsanTs 

Department of the Irish Repub- 
lic had drawn up a check-list, on 
the tines of chat used by aircraft 
pilots before take-off, to ensure 
that documents for toe extra- 
dition of alleged offenders pom 
the Republic were in fflrigfcSlr 
Michael Havers. Attomev rteu- 

eraL said m reply to Mr lan Goff 
(Eastbourne,*?) during Com- 
mons question time. ' 

Mr Gflw bad asked: Hew con- 
fident is toe Attorney General 
that, if it becomes necessary to 
prepare further papers in toe 
Director of PubSc Prosecutions' 
office for extradition from the 
Republic for those who have to 
answer criminal charges, that 
these papers will be property 
prepared hi. a wav, entirely 

to toe antfalprfties in 

the Republic? 

Sir Michael Havers: The Home 
Secretory said in a s tate m ent 
that all such documents wfR be 
personally- . supervised - by the 
DPP. In addition, my nBM«h 
and those of the Republic's 
Attorney General have been 
meeting. The) have also drawn 
UP a check-list which will he 

d§ed to aO fotnre cases where 

■CV 'i 

Geoffrey Smith 

The Libyan dfafe fans frus- 
trated «« of thr fewhraKWai 
problems of. the Atlantic Affi- 
ances that its ^ cohesion -b 
always Babte to be t hrea tened . 
by iniinilinih iUfTnriiiii 
outside the Zfat» arm. 

. Within the AihntGc region 
itsdV there may bedferepwy 
arettts over tactics towards the 
Soviet Union or over parties- • 
far weapon systems. But not 
over the bosk consideration: 
that t be. West needs to he* 
united ia providing adequate* 
protection { c all Natoutem- 
hers agjriost Soviet bower, 
Tfcatjra* the ongnal pur- 
pose sf the Affiance, that fc the 
point Mwfckh the interests of 
afi its tete to n coincide and 
that Is toe issue on which there 
H atomate agreement, no mat- 
ter what tempests may arise 
from tfare fa tone. •*. 

Ktfe sfeto&ant how readily 

’. - i -L — . . 5 ^ T — tjui— — a 

IHIUliPTJB OPwM lu yftSXr 

emEurege ratoeto terms with 
toe Eteremfesfes once they 
began tt be deployed here. 

Bat irk* Afferent matter 
with issues toai arise outride 
toe Kata ares. Tbe Ubjtn . 
crisis has revealed conflicts to 
attitude ami fa what Europe- 
am and Americans regard as 
tiwir critical interests. 

More cautious 


py y mu jr i 


[j Ct idi 

n . 



cancelling , toefr European 

sato tout Europeans fra* how- 
ever, btrt ecoftwnfc less. Italy 
and West Germany, for exam- 
ple. have, considerable ^ trade 
witb Lihya. Ths[t is tote reason 
w^yEnrope cooW notagree on 
cotutter-meastoes against Lib- 
van terrorism that would have 
forestalled the " American 
bombing raid. - 
. This does not, to my ratal, 
jastSy the JeeWeqess of mast 
European governments ^ 
the past few- weeks. Hot It win 
not he the last time, feat 
differences arise because of 
the feBnre of .Europeans and 
Americans to see ether parts 
of the world through the same 
eyes. International crates ate 
mock more Kbriy to emerge 
outside the Nata area , these 

This is hugely because of 
the success of Nato. When ft 
was established, Earope was 
the most strategically seasitire 
regies in the «wM.lffanct 
power had emended farther 
west toe whole intomationd 
balance of power would have 

But now there . Is vifitwy 
deadlock in Europe and. the 
lines of demarcation between 
East and West are dear. The 
Soviet Union is no more Sleety 
to become embroiled to Greece 
or Norway or West Germany 
titan the Nato countries were 
to _ intervene ~ in 

: Dangerous 
suggestion - 

country the -ri^ht to assume an 
automatic obligation : of sup- 
port from the others fa any 
conflict aqywfaere. ; ' . 

But tire' United States' com- 
mitment to Europe! would: he 
gradually uodenuined 3" Eu- 
rope were simply to-wast its 
hands ef-j American c tracerns 
outside _tiie Nato area - espe- 
cially when tiMsc.-concerusare 
often of some significance '-far 
Europe as wett. . ' ; - 

That is why if seeras w me 
not only tendentious but dan- 
gerous to suggest that Mrs 
Thatcher shanUhave rejected 
tire American request on prin- 
ciple because, the bombers 
were not to be used far a Nato 

The Traman-Ci archil! 
agreement of., 1952 dore.nbt 
seem precise on faaf point But 
fa -any case sodh legafism Is 
not fa tire spirit bfpannershfpt , 
without which Nato itself can- 

■“to.* ■* - 




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aid lx- 
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HOME news 

motion for the 



minds 9 

creation of crit i c i zed 


S By Frances Gibb^Tegal Affairs Correspondent * * 

Nearly 50 MPs have signed announce within the next two 
an earfy-day motion calling on weeks the results of their study 
the Government to introduce into whether solicitors should 
legislation to - create a family ■ be granted the right to appear 
court as quickly as- possible before them, 
after publication of a consriilia- Their decision is eagerly 
tion P3p& expected soon from awaited by the Law Soriety 
the Lord Chancellors which is-campaigningfarwrd 
D ?P art ? ie ? u - ■ . er riahis of auSenre and. if 

Tbe long-awaited paper has 
suffered several delays and 
there is now widespread con- 
cern. that the prospect of a 
radical -overhaul , of the court' 
structure to enable family 
matters to be tackled within 
one forum, is unlikely within 
this Parliament 'and probably 
# not within five years. 

The motion has been tabled 
by Mr Leb Abse, Labour MP 
for Torfeen. who said yester- 
day that family courts woukl 
be better able to .handle sensi- 
tive decisions oh the welfare 

Their decision is eagerly 
awaited by the Law Society 
which iscampaigningjbr wid- 
er rights of audience and, if 
favourable, could mean an 
end to the Bar's monopoly of 
such rights in the High Court, 

The contentious question of 
rights of audience was referred 
to the judges by the Master of 
the Rolls. Sir John 
Donaldson, at the end of a test 
case backed by the Law 

The case arose from a libel 
action brought by a group of 
MPs against Mr Cyril Smith. 
Liberal MP for Rochdale, over 
remarks be made during the 

u*b ubuiouiua vu un. wr.imiw ~ _ , . 

of families and children, par- Falklands crisis. 

ticularly. in, -cases of child 
abuse.; ‘ 

~ The root of the problem was 
the complexities of procedures 
and jurisdictions of the 
present court system; whereas 
a unified family ‘court would 
have Simple, non^adversarial 
proceedings, with' a strong 
conciliation and welfare ser- 
vice. he said. 

The consultation paper is 
expected early m May-and will 
outline possible models of a 
family court-' • 

• The college of judges of the 
High -Court are expected to 

A seven-line apology was 
agreed in settlement of the 
action and Mr Smith wanted it 
to be read by bis solicitor Mr 
Alastair Brett, who also works 
in the i<* g »i department of 
Times Newspapers, instead of 
paying a barrister to do iL 

But by convention solicitors 
are only allowed in general to 
appear in the lower courts. 

Mr Smith's appeal, which 
was also backed by The Times. 
was dismissed by Sir John, but 
he invited the college ofjudges 
to consider whether any 
change was needed . 

£320,000 for boy after 
hit-and-run accident 

By Tim Jones 

High court damages of 
£320.000- were- awarded yes- 
terday to a “bright button of a 
boy" whose mental develop-' 
raenr was halted six yearn ago 
when he was knocked down at 
a pedestrian crossing by a hit- 
and-run driver J 
The boy, Nicholas . Vella, . 
now aged. r l4, received a 
broken leg and’ a serious 
•fracture of the skull in the 
accident which also rendered 
him epileptic.' ' 

Since -the • accident, in 
Gloucester in April 1980. the 
boy's father. Mr Oscar-Vella, 
of Beaufort Road, Gloucester. : 
who is separated from bis 
wife.- has given up bis job to . 
care for his son. 

Dog fight was 

An organized dog fighiai an 
east London children's prima- 
ry school was “no more and 
no less than . organized 
'brutality." Redbridge magis- 
trates were told yesterday: . 

Police- found a dtad dog 
hidden in a Wack .plastic bag in 
a boilerhouse at Alderebrook 
primary school- in Wanslead.; 

' The school caretaker; Alex- 
ander Funk,’ was charged with 
permitting rite school to be 
used for dog fights. 

aDetun9 «og flgmmg. 

The case continues today. 

The settlement, plus costs, 
was agreed by the -two sides 
moments- before the hearing 
was due' to start at the High 
Court in Bristol. ' 

Mr Desmond Terrett, for 
the plaintiffs, told the court 
“From the rather bright but- 
ton at eight the boy has 
unfortunately come to a com- 
plete ball at about that sort of 
age. If anything .be has gone 

Mr Michael Thornton, the 
boy V solicitor, said that the 
car driver, Mr John Price, who 
at that, time lived at Ash 
Grove Avenue, Coney Hill, 
Gloucester, had later given 
himself up to police and been 
prosecuted. ' 

Gypsies seek 
court order to 
stop eviction 

A group of gypsies are facing 
homelessness because of an 
“incontestable breach of statu- 
tory illy" by West Glamor- 
gan County Council to 
provide caravan sites, the 
High Court in London was 
tola yesterday. 

Mr David Marshall Evans, 
QC, also accused the Secretary 
of Slate for . Wales of foiling to 
take effective action to help 
the gypsies, who- fece eviction 
from land at the Briton Ferry 
industrial estate, Neath. 

Mr James Gilhaney; one of 
63 gypsies under threat, yes- 
terday applied for High Court j 
orders to stop the eviction , 
until adequate alternative car- 
avan sites had been provided. 
He was backed by the Nation- 
al Gypsy CounciL 

By Colin Hughes. 

Gvil Servants suffer from 
poor rewards and low morale, 
but lack specialist expertise 
and know little of the “jungle" 
of industry and commerce, 
one of the Government's se- 
nior Civil Servants told the 
Royal Society of Arts last 
ie a lecture which was 
unusually outspoken for a 
Civil. Servant, Sir Kenneth 
Stowe, Permanent Secretary at 
the Department of Health and 
Social Security, said that the 
serious difficulty facing the 
organization of government is 
that it is growing larger and 
more complex. 

“Government is more com- 
plicated. and more difficult to 
do well the larger it gets," be 
said. At the DHSS, for exam- 
ple. the number of letters from 
MPs requiring ministerial re- 
plies had risen by 47 per cent 
in one year, while those 
needing official response rose 
71 percenL 

Yet it was essential to keep 
creating more “headroom" to 
allow departments to take on 
new tasks and roles. 

Sir Kenneth said Civil Ser- 
vants lack personnel, procure- 
ment, and specialized 
technological skills, particu- 
larly in' information technol- 
ogy and sciences. 

They suffer from a “closed 
mentality”, both defensive 
and unaware of change out- 
side Whitehall. “It just will 
not do these days for Civil 
Servants to maintain a sense 
of detachment from, still less 
what I fear sometimes in the 
pas t has verged on distaste for. 
industry and commerce," he 

• The Treasury is expected 
to offer most white-collar 
Civil Servants a 6 per cent pay 
rise later this week, with extra 
allowances for staff in skill 
shortage jobs and those work- 
ing in unpopular areas of the 

hn W the^cl own's false nose intrigued Neal O'Mahonej at^the fiftieth anniversary of the Arthritis and : Rheumatism 
^Council at rhe Commons jesterday. The party was attended b? young arthritic rictims (Photograph: Bill Warhurstk 

Boost fish 

report says 

By George Hill 

A national competition 
should be mounted to develop j 
a new labour-saving product 
similar to fish fingers in an 
effort to increase sales of 
herring and mackerel, accord- 
ing to a discussion paper pub- 
lished by the Social Democrat- 
ic Party yesterday. 

Mr John Godfrey, chairman 
of the group which produced 
the report, said fishermen 
discard 36 per cent of fish 
before it is landed, because of 
disincentives in regulations. 

The Government's agricul- 
tural departments should 
sponsor the competiton. the 
report said. 

Rules which encourage the 
waste of up to half the catches 
should be replaced by a new- 
licensing system, says the 

Money and the National Trust: 2 

Business sponsorship drive 


Houses make money for 
the National Trust, while 
fields do not. But as Hugh 
Clayton, Environment 
Correspondent, reports in 
the second of three arti- 
cles, the trust may soon 
have to take on more 
fields than houses. 

Tomorrow the National 
Trust is holding what it calls a 
“free entry day" at 50 of its 
properties. It is one of the few 
occasions when non-members 
can enter its properties with- 
out payment. Bui it is not 
exactly free, as the day is being 
subsidized for about £10.000 
by Prudential Assurance. 
Properties in Scotland are 

The skills and craftsman- 
ship needed to maintain the 
trust's historic houses and 
other treasures cost so much 
that it cannot afford to give 

anything away. The trust is a 
charity, not a corporation or a 
quango, or other form of 

City Council before joining 
the trust, is one of its new 
leam of managers taking over 

public body. Its job is to key functions once done by 
protect the heritage in its care, gifted amateurs. 

not to profit from them. 

That explains why. in spite 
of an annual income of 
£“0 million, it never slops 
asking for money, and trying 
new ways of raising it. Its 

I them. "Take business 

ivhy. in spite sponsorship." he said. “I am 
income of not convinced we have 
never slops achieved ihc slice of that 
l-. and trying market that we deserve as the 
iising it. Its largest charily. You cannot 

lit*' ** • 

gjow-ing lask of proieciing jusi sil back and wan lor the 
scenic countryside as well as money. You have to go out 
historic homes means that it and gci it." 
needs money more than ever. Mr Robin Harland. a tor- 
Mr David Beeton. secretary mcr advertising man who has 
of the trust, said: “Conscrva- just been made appeals man- 
lion in the 1970s was about ager of the trust, is in charge of 

buildings. Conservation in the 
1980s is about landscapes.” 

another key fund-raising ef- 
fort. He raid approvingly: 

1 7QVJ to “VUMi - |_| 

But the trouble with land- “We are unquestionably mar- 
scapes is that they cost plenty feet leaders in legacies at the 

to maintain, but lend them- 
selves much less than historic 
houses to fund-raising through 
entrance fees, shops and 
cream teas. 

Mr Beeton, a solicitor who 
was chief executive of Bath 

moment.” Last year's 
£6.7 million included be- 
quests of more than £100.000. 
and a few of more than 
£ 200 . 000 . 

Free entry details, page 16 
Tomorrow: The hard sell 

By Ronald Faux 

Youth unemployment was a 
time bomb that would explode 
into enormous social prob- 
tZ. Mr Hugh 
deni of the Scoiush TUC said 
at the opening of the annual 
congress yesterday in 

A *He d told ihe 600 deletes 
that one-third of youngsters in 
the 16-plus age group now 
came from broken homes and 
were left to themselves with- 
out a job. without training and 
without hope. Millions who 
had voted Conservative at tne 
last two elections, he said, 
were now left to repent and 
regret in enforced leisure. 

Every vear the Government 
predicted that a corner was 
being turned, he said. “After 
seven years of turning corners 
we have discovered why we 
are on a roundabout, a vicious 
circle of cutback, closure and 

Mr Wvper said that trade 
unio..s nad to develop flexible 
and realistic policies to meet 
the modern-day problems. 
They should have no illusions. 
The policies had to be realistic 
to win the confidence of their 
membership and the Scottish 

£30 fine for 
church offence 

Richard Thomas, aged 41. a 
stamp dealer, of Woburn 
Place. Camden, who was 
“arrested" by the vicar when 
he interrupted a service at St 
George the Martyr parish 
church. Bloomsbury, and con- 
demned the congregation for 
opposing Sunday trading, was 
fined £30 by Clcrkcnwell mag- 
istrates yesterday. 

Thomas pleaded guilty to 
an offence under an 1860 
ecclesiastical law of disturbing 
the Rev Donald Werners 

Bristol Mew 
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0283 813593 

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Mann Elector 
& Co Lnnnea (Sate). 

London W1 

London Lotui 
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01 952 fl71 

Science report 


HA Fo» Limned Cemre. Ill Ne* Bridge 

Liiborne Square. Street. as lie 

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0803 24321 0632 614514 

Role of the appendix 

Victor Widen Ltd. 
78/82 Ha/ma-ira 
Terrace Edinburgh 

031 337 8518 

The appendix may not be 
the useless, purely 
organ, inly noticeable wtara 
diseased, that it is generally 
supposed to be. The discovery 
of a positive role for /toe 
appendix, in keepte the 
healthy, has come from one.® 1 
the studies into the influence 
of fibre in the dkL . . 

The new findings suggest 
that rhe appeodix plays a part 
in the body’s responseto 
infections of the infesting 
particularly enteritis in 

childhood. . ■ 

paradoxically, if the condto- 
sfcms are correct, they sho? 
that the epidemics at appendi- 
citis in children and yoang 
adults in Britain, and .other 
industrialized countries, 
first half of the rirentigi 
century could ha« heena*[£ 
product of improved santta- 

^Xhe sanitation theory of 

i.ppeodidtis tasl«eD p<il to- 
ward by Prefer g"? 
Barker, direct® of toe Medi- 
cal Research, CoandTs Enn- 
ronmental Epidemiology Lmti. 

at Southampton. ■ 

With colleagues, he exam 
iaed evidence, for the popular 
& that the 
because of changes m d»t that 
caused a' laris of fibre, and 
found it wanting* .. 

The new theory, if cmnau 
would hOte signahaint impb- 
cattons’ for countnesnow im- 

Britain did m 

the oiaetecato century. . _ 

It would also ; call fora 
reassessment of some ai least 

of the present adrice on diet 
"The fibre theory was first 
put forward in .1920 by Rendie 
Short, who concluded that the 
rise in appendicitis was due to 
“the relatively less quantity erf 
cellulose eaten on account of 
the wider use of imported 
foods". ! t led immediately to a 
dramatic rise in the consump- 
tion of bran-type break&st 

The Southampton group; 
compared - eating habits in 
different parts -of Britain, as 
shown by. the General Hotse- 
hold Survey, with appendicitis 
figures. .... 

They found n6 fink ;, »rith 



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fibre, including bread. There 
was a link with vegetables, less 
appendicitis in -the- case of 
green vegetables, i ndn d m g 
peas and beans, hut more 
where people ate more 
potatoes. . - s 

Before the day* of improved 
sanitation an infant wold be 
subjected to many infections. 
As it overcame them wfthfte 
help of defences acquired hum 
its mother and through breast 
feeding it auned its own 
immunity. With improved san- 
itation infection would come 
later, when maternal protec- 
tion had declined and before 
the child had acquiroi me 
defence system of the aduit 
• The theory accounts for the 
failure of theTugh-fibre raboa 
diet of too Second World War, 
now praised by many on?’* - 
tionists, to affect appendicitis 
figures: - ;: . 



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World-beating engineering thrilled 

the crowds at the Sp>anish Grand Prix and 
took Lotus triumphant to its 75th -world 
championship grand prix victory. 

Out on the open road, that same 
formula excites admiration in equally 
sensational form. 

The 1986 Esprit Turbo. As you II 
discover on a test drive, its racing pedigree 
is very apparent. 

-You sit low and snug m the sump- 
tuous leather upholstered cockpit. 
Behind you, the massive power of the 
Lotus 2.2 litre turbo charged engine which 

can rocket the Esprit from 0 to 60 mph in 
just 5.5 seconds, do a standing start quarter 
mile in a mere 14.4 seconds and reach a top 
speed of 152 mph. 

You'll be just as impressed by the 
absolute control you have over all that 
power. And also by how surely the car will 
stop; on 10 inch disc brakes all round 
Slip down off the motorway and 
you'll then discover the other side of the 
Esprit Turbos nature. 

Superb handling. As much as per 
formance, this is what Lotus is ail about. 
Precise, communicative steering lets 

you power through bends with effortless 
ease, whilst the renowned Lotus chassis 
and suspension eliminate virtually all roll. 

Autocar magazine consider the 
Esprit Turbo “one of the true greats. 
Distinctive in its sleek Giugiaro styling, 
with a 12 month unlimited mileage war- 
ranty. 8 year anti -corrosion guarantee' 1 
and price of £23.440. it is quite justifiably 
the most sought after mid -engined two 
seaier in Britain. 

Better race round to your 
Lotus dealer today. 

esprit; turbo 

RMt S 

■i.iMfiC *MAtf |.i r-io 

«■ v’. - -I*- !--> 

r\pni i j. 


Greek Cypriots seek 
Soviet support for 
peace settlement plan 

. . . * .i.r._a iVninmofir roiresuondent 

400 wtri lost as ferry capsizes 


Bv Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

j-stjt— jss 

should be dealx with either at 

.r the latest United Nations plan 

: .for a settlement of the Cyprus 
"ir problem, the Greek Cypriots 
.v.are planning to seek Soviet for a counter-proposal 
.. : which was submitted bv Prest- 
i= deni Kyprianou. This aims to 
bring about the early with" 
drawal of 25.000 Turkish 
2 : troops from the divided 

-j.. Mr George lacoyou. the 
:: .Cypriot Foreign Minister, is to 
r : fly to Moscow next Monday to 
-discuss his government's pro- 
posal to convene an interna- 
tional conference to consider 
four major issues which the 
...Greek Cypriots felt were not 
adequately dealt with in the 
" 16-point UN draft 

These include the wth- 
.. drawal ofTurkish troops front 
'.“northern Cyprus, intemation- 
' ai guarantees for the islands 
independence, the removal of 
.some 60.000 Turks who have 
settled there since the 1974 
"-Turkish invasion, and the 
■■‘right of all Cypriots to move 
-'freelv about the island. 

snouiu ug — ■■ 

an international conference or 
at a meeting between Mr Rauf 
Denktash. the Turkish Cypn- 
ot leader, and himself. Mis 
response has had the support 
of all Greek Cypriot parties. 

day that the Greek Cjynots 
were trying to “play the Soviet 
card” in order to persuade the 
US and Britain to press for 
changes in the latest UN plan 
to make it more acceptable. 

The Greek and Turkish 
Cvpriots had been given until 
yesterday to reply to the latest 
proposals which were present- 
ed to them last month by 
Senor Perez de Cuellar, the 
UN Secretary-General. 

In calling for an internation- 
al conference, the Greek Cvp- 
riois were echoing a similar 
proposal put forward by Mos- 
cow in January as part of a 
settlement plan. The US and 
Britain have been critical of 
the Soviet proposal, which 
also calls for the closure of 
-foreign military bases on 
the island, believing it to be an 
attempt by Moscow to be- 
come directly involved in the 
Cyprus issue. 

The Greek Cypriots stopped 
short of delivering an outright 
-no” to the UN plan, for fear 
that this could force the 
Secretarv-General to abandon 
his long-running attempt to 
negotiate a settlement. We 
still support his efforts to nna 
a solution. But what we are 
aiming at is a package deal. 
We cannot have part 01 a 

The plan has been accepted 
bv the Turkish Cypriots who 
control about 38 per cent of 
the island. It calls for the 
reunification of the island in a 
federal republic with a Greek 
Cypriot president and a Turk- 
ish Cvpriot vice-president, 
each with veto powers over a 
two-house legislature. 

■ oflkhh ctMJperat- ^ 

ed in a tecrathre lag smuggling^ 

fflikton (£38? nufeq g) re turn 
for former President Ftehrand 

w^Snuffifcdto Japan, South 


> return fer ^O pw^ of ^ 
* , it was^flJBd by-the 
" Resources Mimsor, 

. tog 

so blatant that 

(below) weeps. % 

From Ahmed Fazl 

The ferry sank on Sunday 
night Eyewitnesses Mid that 
they saw bodies floating with 
the current 

At least 400 people were _ 

“5S5 .ssTstsss 

From Tony Samstag 

\ Against a background of 
•-industrial turmoil and declui- 
f’ing popularity, the Norwegian 
'■Government has annouced a 
Cabinet reshuffle that already 
has some commentators spec- 
ulating about the next Conser- 
vative candidate for prime 
^minister. - 

The most significant or 
- several changes agreed during 
-‘•‘the annual Conservative Party 
-.conference at the weekend is 
-the appointment of Mr Roll 

Presthus, the tough but popu- 
lar Finance Minister, as party 
chairman and Minister of 
Defence. He is replacing Mr 
Erling Norvik. and MrOnders 
Sjaastad respectively. 

Norwav has just surfaced 
from a week-long lock-out of 
more than 100,000 industrial 
workers that is estimated to 
have cost the country at least 
£100 million. The whole of its 
North Sea oil and gas produc- 
tion has also been shut down 
by a similar dispute for the 
past fortnight 

.Although the Conservative- 
led coalition Government of 
Mr Kaare Willoch, the Prime 
Minister, has been applauded 
by the party faithful for its 
consistent hard line in wage 
negotiations, the conflict and 
austeritv budget measures ne- 
cessitated by the felling price 
of oil, have taken their toll. 

In a storm near 

Munshiganj town, about 28 

miles east of Dhaka. 

Rescue workers recovered 
ISO bodies from the n*er 

Dahaleshwari. Many of them 
were women and children. 

said. More than' 50 are in 

hospital with serious injuries. 

Water transport authorities 
said that the mishap occurred 
as a cyclonic storm raged over 
the area. The steamer was 

Recent public opinion polls 
suggest that the Conservative 
Party may have lost almost 30 
per cent of its popular support 
since last year’s general 

Dam burst deaths 

Colombo (Reuter) - At- 
test 100 people were tolled 
when an irrigation dam burst 
and water inundated dozens 
of villages in eastern Sn tonka, 
police estimated yesterday. 

At least 30.000 people were 
made homeless after water 
from the Kamaiai Reservoir, 
145 miles from Colombo, 
burst through cracks in the 
dam on Sunday. 


southern Bhola district. 

• Fire toll: At least 32 people 
woe killed in afire that razed 
refugee shanties in north 
Dhaka on Sunday. 

Police said that about 100, 
including 60 or so children are 
were missing since the fire 

broke out in the Geneva Camp 
In the Mohammadpur aura, 
the home of more than 40,000 
Bihari families waiting for 
re patri ation to Pakistan for 
the past fifteen 15 years. 

Election winner makes 
offer to Sudan rebels 

... tl. Maritinnal TYlitili 


' si 


- Khartoum (.AFP) — A dele- 
' -gat ion from Sudan's Umma 

partv. the winner in the recent 
general elections, will go to 
Addis Ababa today to offer the 

- rebel Sudanese People's Liber- 
ation Movement a share in the 
• new government, the Suda- 
nese news agency Suna report- 
: ed yesterday. 

Meanwhile Umma and oih- 
. er parties have called for the 
first meeting of the elected 
constituent assemblyio be put 
back, partly because negotia- 
tions over the make-up of a 
; 'ruling coalition are proving 

-■ The Umma delegation will 
also discuss the situation in 
Sudan and preparations for a 
constitutional conference 
planned for June, which the 
rebels have said they will 
-attend, the agency said. 

Umma. the moderate ls- 
ilamic party headed by Sadek 
: e l Mahdi. won 99 seats, not 
-enough for an absolute 

The transitional military 
government had to postpone 
voting in 37 southern constit- 
uencies because of rebel 

activity. _ . . 

Suna also reported that 
consultations on the forma- 
tion of a new government 
were feeing difficulties as 
Umma was insisting that any 
partv wishing to join a coali- 
tion' should first sign the 
charier drawn up in April last 
vear bv trade unions and 
political parties in the Nation- 
al Alliance for Salvation. 

This implies that the 
hardline National Islamic 
Front headed by the Muslim 
Brotherhood will be left out 
because it is not in the 
alliance, although it won 51 
seats. . - 

But influential members ot 
the Democratic'Unionist Par- 
tv. another possible coalition 
partner which came second in 
the poll with 63 seats, are 

King ’s commitment cannot be doubted 

Gibraltar the one issue on rare visit 

.Ml, J .ru.»T.</)nr whm Mirations, in last mOffl 

to prevent 

BjB erecptknrbyCoastguardvfcs. 

sob MrMaceda said. . 

Forest desu uc bon 
2 & ras of Manfos^ saw the 
coub&v’s orisnal 11 nuflion 
hectare* of forest shrink to 1.8 
milboft hectares. ; 

Mr Maceda " s«d the sale 
price ef Ptiiipptae fogs was 
Bndastofed and 

rhcdiffcreocedeposiad by Mr 
Marcos’s business asweates m 
overseas feuds, usually in 

officials .Igje 

ded official requests from the 
A qnfrm GoveraaneiU to- allow 

j^piao surveyor to diedc tog 


From Richard Wigg 

There is a risk that the one 
substantial disagreement be- 
tween Spain and Britain — 
Gibraltar - will grab the 
headlines when King Juan 
Carlos speaks out about his 
country’s sovereignty claim, 
as he undoubtedly will during 
the State visit to Britain he 
begins with Queen Sofia 

The King's baste approach 
is that the Gibraltar problem 
will take many years to solve, 
btit that no difficulty exists 
which cannot eventually be 

U has to be a slow process, 
he feels, not rushing things — 
although there are some peo- 
ple in Spain who would want 
that — taking into consider- 
ation the interests of all pay- 
ties, including the Gibrai- 

princess of Wales m 1981 
because the honeymoon start- 
ed from Gibraltar. 

This is to be the first visit by 
a reigning Spanish monarch 
for almost 81 years. Then, the 
King's grandfather. Alfonso 
XIII. came to London to find 
his bride - the future Queen 
Victoria Euaenia, known to 


the poll Wlul DJ scat*. «***■ 

pan,CipaUOn Ti^omatsofbolh countries 

of the front- ay Stat the Anglo-Spanish 

_ , , Brussels Agreement of No- 

Sfioul gets vember i98 - 4 pr ° vides the 

Spaniards _ 

English Rose' . 

Building on the dose family 
ties between the two. monar- 
chies the mam theme of the 
visit is intended, to be; •what 
now unites Britain ana Spain 
as partners in the .EEC and 

Nato. . , , . 

The Spanish royal couple, 
who will stay at Windsor 
Castle, understand the signifi- 
cance of the Queen’s gesture in 
quicklv holding their State 
visit after last year’s s ignin g ot 
Spain's Accession Treaty to 
the EEC 

For King Juan Carlos the 
visit means recognition by one 
of Europe’s longest-estab- 
lished monarchies and also 
emphasizes his insistence on a 
democratic Spain looking out- 

husband ofMary Tudor, when 
he committed England to a 
war with France. Three years 
before, as Prince Philip, he 
had married England’s then 
Catholic Queen. 

Anglo-Spanish relations 
have rarely been easy. Catho- 
lic Spain and Protestant En- 
gland,- both, with empires. 

nizations, in last month s 
Nato referendum. 

It is by " no means certain 
that Britain and Spain will 
always see eye to eye m the 
EEC.' Spain is looking to 
Community funds to help to 
modernize its_. agriculture. 

Britain had exports to Spain 

last year totalling£L600-rfiu- 
Mnf nn 

town to gland,- both, with empires, ^ 

until the 19th century.' 

Both, however, are former 
world- powers -which 'can now 

V South Korea: 
Kim Keun-tae 

By Caroline Moorehead 

framework for anew ana J^cra^s" in loold 

boost from X'SS^injtraent *"*•****?£ 

UUU^l It vUl cannQt be doubted. He put The sweep of tostc 

trip fijhra,rar ini ° the very first v ° ved is c ?° s 5 der ?-- 


19S4. Exports "by" Spain 40 
Britain' 'readied : mil- 
lion. British- investors- --put 
. £324 1 million: last year -into 
Spanish land, and property. 

King Juan Carlos will re- 
ceive an honorary degreefrom 
Oxford University on Thurs- 
day during a -four-hour visiL 
Interest in the other country’s 
culture has been a nunonty 
affair until now, but the Take- 
ofT during the last few years 
in. English language teadung 
in Spain is a ■ broader 
phenomenon. - 

At Spain’s state and private 
schools, English has now sup- 
planted French. Study of the 
language has become so fash- 

6 not dead’ 

wwi- to .know. who 

among pur- present philiptMnc 

tog. e xp orters are .gnilty* m« 
f Japan . has : foifei 
f -.SmdteT Mr Maxdasad 
1 - “They know the- smation. 
They know thw joe part of the 
undeifeason They know they 
haverefiiscd foWHJparaae wnh 
os in ferreting out the;iltegal 
i importation,''he said.”Fm an- 


From Richard Long 
Australia and New Zea l a n d 


ltmr Pbihppmes iriB^inqfose 
a “total and p e nuanen t" tog 


#Gb» feafl e: At. toast, 41 
alft a and comtininst . repels 
were kffled and; scores, jzwre 
yymAri in ts 10-hour :gun 
ba iTfe in Cagayan: 
wbensokfietsoyenan a 

• • «_ wnnri<l 

ov^r the Anzus row and the w— ■ - 

American bombing of Libya. [ tajuraJecampKeuIttreporisV 
but this did riot mean that the [ p — - — 


Anrac spirit was withdmg or 
dead, Mr IJavid : Lange, jhe 
fei'me Minister. sakL , 

. "Australians and NewZjta- 
JaMers have^ rieiver rat down 
fike cherobs a^eeing.lo echo 
each other’s sentiments. That 
is one" of the hest aspeas of said- u- 

Australia and New Z rafaxm 
commemorate Anzac Day on 
Fridav, a date whidi tnarte- 
the Fust World War fending 
' of Australian and New Zea- 
land troopS at Gallipoli. It was 
the iU-feied attempt Jo opena 
second front that coined the 
Word Anzac — fbrthe Ausrra- 
lian-New Zealand Armoured 
Corps— which sfiH stands as a 
symbol of co-operation; " 
But' while Canberra .and 

From Ne3KeIly "" 

Tire foreign ^ministers of 
yiemam and Thailand made 
no fnogress in their search for 
a peasefuT settlement of the 
Cambodian conflict now in us 
eighth year, daring a meeting 
yesterday. ; - . • 

dements , afterwards by 
both sides *made it dear that 
the talks got nowhere. . 

Mr Nguyen Co Thach s»d. 



ionable that Spanish parents 
afford it send their 

1 - lost month a fonner chair- 
man of the National Youth 
-Alliance for Democracy, a 
: political grouping seeking to 
reunite North and Sooth Ko- 
rea and to promote more 
independent and fairer educa- 
tional and economic systems, 
Jwas sentenced to seven years 
-Imprisonment for 1 reing m- 
' rolved in activities nrearea to 
-coHse social onrest”. . 

J Kim Keen-tae, aged 39, ,isa 
graduate in Economics. Heis 

Carried and has told hfe wife 

that be has been tortured. 

Kim KemMae’s poli tical ac- 
tivities go back to the 1971 
Presidential elections when he 
-dsgairizsi support for Kim 

Seoul (Reuter) - President 
Chun of South Korea returned 
home yesterday afire a Euro- 
pean tour mid said be had 
reached agreements on trade 

and technology to fuel the 
country’s surging economy. 

The 15-day visit to Britain, 
France. West Germany and 
Belgium came as the economy 
was beginning an export-led 
boom that the government 
predicts will help slash foreign 
debt and give a boost in 
competition with Japan. 

European leaders urged Mr 
Chun to speed the pace of 
democratic reform, as vio- 
lence continued at South Ko- 
rean universities. A campaign 

. Fa, Hirw-t 

UU1UUL m. _ . 

Gibraltar into the very first 
speech of his reign, in Novem- 
ber 1975, and, in spite of all 
the family ties, he and Queen 
Sofia did not attend the 
wedding of the Prince and 

- —k ~ to** 01 ? in ~ 

volved is considerable. It is 
only the third visit by a 
Spanish reigning monarch m 

' . “,AA DuFam 

find a worthwhile role only m 
the European Community and 
defend themselves through 
the Nato alliance. A majority 

who can -. — - -r — , 

children regularly to language 
schools each summer. 

But there is a lack ofBrrash 
middle class families willing 
to take part in exchange 


M ”S Xm b;"“ Sncc«ssl»rBjHgei2 


Success story; page 12 

Flights hit by strike 

«... Mnc! etatinne 


A nationwide strike by em- 
ployees of the Spanish petro- 
leum monopoly, Campsa. lea 
to the suspension yesterday ot 
128 domestic flights by Iberi- 
an and Aviaco airlines (Hairy 
Debelius writes from Madrid). 

Queues nearly a mile long 
formed as motorists filled up 
in anticipation of the strike, 
due to last until midnight 

tomorrow. Most stations ran 
out of petrol. . . 

In Barcelona, police clashed 
with pickets who prevented 
the loading of tanker lomes- 
Campsa employees are de- 
manding information regard- 
ing their future when — 

Madrid. - Engineers and 
construction crews, equipped 
with bulldozers and ppwer 
shovels, worked feverishly 
yesterday to prevent the tiny 
mountain village of Olivares, 
near Granada, from being 
engulfed by a mud slide 

pumice stone ancf earth were 
moving towards the village 

ing their writes). 

the°Spamsh company ceases Geologic said Meriimat- 
tobeainonopoly. «* eight million- tonnes of 

• BOGOTA:- Seven people 
were killed and eight unac- 
counted for after a landslip 
engulfed seven houses under 
mud and rocks in a mining 
region of central Colombia, 
civil defence officials said 
yesterday (Reuter reports^ 

But white Canberra ana mr v.u 
Wellington are taking a differ- he had refus«iia.cnmi^ 
ent view of some key issues o?®* 5 

these days, Mr L a n ge sard 
yesterday that this was Just a 
healthy mdependence of view 
which did riot alter the spint 
of Anzus “exemplified, by a 
common -front to a potential 

His comments' at a press 
conference came just two days 
before a parliamentary select 
committee is to begin hearings 

.ni>Uw - lomclilinn 

Ham » t<u»uuu am* 

Thai appeals would nor recon- 
sider hrsTejecuorirof the peace 
plan recently, put forward by 
the erimbodian resistance co- 
alition which is recognized by 
(he United Nations nor would 
Tie agree to meet: coaiitiem 

The plan calls;for aeeaseftre 
in Cambodia to allow Viet- 
namese forces to withdrew 

J _uA#iAHAM tn-aetuhlMll'l 

committee is to oegin ntaniigs naracac 
into anti-nuclear legislation, . and negotiations to establ ish a 
which has angered Washing- four-party goyernmoii which 
tori, London and Canberra. It would include . the. Vietnam- 

l. ■ ■ ac fritnrrf P nf PfKI- 

1UIL, LUI1UUU Oltu ** 

■will haver the effect of blocking 
visits by the Royat.Navy and 
American Navy ships. - 
■Mr Lange, who test week 
criticized the American raids 
on Libya, ’describing them as 
an oyer-reaction which risked 
provoking further terrorist at- 
tacks. reiterated his ' views 

ajisored feginie of Presi- 
I dentTfeng Samrin. • * 

Mr Thadrridiculed the plan 
as, "stupid, stupid” . : 

_ He .said "the tfeijg $amnn 
Government whiefreop trolled 
the 'whole country, was bdng 
asked to surrentfer m ost of ns 
authority • ia the-; "coalition 
wfijch had . nope. _ t - 

by the opposition for direct 
* tiaJ elections gamed 

WUUU»w — rr 

^tiae-jBBg. the ^pposifc ^ can- 
didate. Wanted by the anthon- 
'ges for anti-government views. 

presidenti— — ■■ — 
strength last week with a huge 
rally in the central city ot 
Taejun. . . . w 

= — . , In a speech yesterday, Mr 

■ges for anti-goveramait news, said he had reached 

hewentmtohidu^miichof ^ Europ ean 

the rest of flu? governments on ways to pro- 

He sirfacedl inl983jwhe® ^ ole accelerate techno- 
^nly-imrversity swia^ logical co-operation and to 

S? y of°S2n^Ch™ ^ eSl cultural and academic 

J*e oune to power in 198Jj^and e 53 ,^ -if we are 

-belP^f ff* “P stalled by strife and confronta- 

¥oC SL^f 9 ^t^^3 tion among ourselves, we will 
S^TbrirfdS^ not teableto make pro^” 
a . e. AAt nntil 1Qft*L wh«l 

anuapauon or me .souse, ' wt eight million- tonnes 01 vesteroay iKeuxer repuna;. .. ' - r 1 . 

ie to last u ntil midnight . to oe a monopoly. ^ ■ — i — J . — — — — — -r — - .. - "j~ .- -r, .. . ■ ■ ■ 

Gorbacho^ook^fo^ub^an^^e^md t heBe riin 

From Roger Bayes 
East Berlin 

arrests aw ■»»*» 7 — 

But it was not until 1985, when 
die Alliance pnbUcty support- 
ed a number of strikes and 
demonstrations ag a ins t tbe 
government that the authori- 
ties decided the time had come 
to hold him. . 

On September 4 1985, Kim 
Keun-tae was arrested by the 
Anti-Communist Bureau of 
die National Police. 

Failing oil prices, a strong 
yen and declining interest 

.Kim Keun-tae: severely 
tortured before trial 

rates have sparked an eco- 
nomic revival in South 
Korea.Mr Chun’s trip was 
intended to find new suppliers 
for parts and technology to 
reduce dependence on Japan 
as well as to seek new markets 
in Western Europe where 
South Korea’s market share is 
onlv about 1 per cent 

In West Germany. Chancel- 
lor Helmut Kohl linked better 
relations between his country 
and South Korea to the pace of 
democratic reforms. 

The French Prime Minister. 
M Jacques Chirac, told Mr 
Chun Lhai he hoped South 
Korea was working towards 
re-establishing a "democratic 

Yesterday, some 7.000 stu- 
dents from' nine universities 
demonstrated to demand tbe 
resignation of Mr Chun whom 
they called a military dictator. 

Herr Erich Honecker, face 
alight, leans over to Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov who has 
been sitting at his side, com- 
fortable in a worsted wool suit, 
a translation machine plugged 

into his ear, stroking his tie. as 

impassive as Bsaddha. 

The East German leader 
smiles, applauds - a young 
speaker in the bine shirt or the 
Free German Youth has just 
praised him — and the Soviet 
comrade joins in the dapping, 
flashing his cufflinks in frater- 
nal solidarity. 

Herr Honecker likes ap- 
plause. He is in his 74th year, 
an old warrior who was jailed 
for his communism, and he 
knows that the party congress 
which ended yesterday will 
probably be his last as party 
chief. It was a time for some 
disciplined self-congratnla- 
tiom "Look what we have 
achieved,” was his message to 
the Soviet leader- 
Mr Gorbachov does not 
seem to care much for ap- 
plause, but he understands ^, 
ft is a form of communication 

between party leaders and 
party led. Most of all it is a 
necessary court ritual- But the 
Kremlin chief is in his 55th 
year and looks for substance 
beyond the ritual; he is of tbe 

'(ft** . 

Children welcome Mr Gorbachov and his wife, Raisa, at Potsdam’s Ceriliephqf Palace- 

generation that wants to renew Mr Gorbachov was happy, to t! -* * **”■* 

communism bv solving prob- come to East 8erlin,.to attend 
- { * s -- his first East European party 

letns rather than trumpe tin g 


This clash of leadership 
style was at the heart of the 
party congress in East Germa- 
ny and goes some way towards 
explaining the friction be- 
tween Moscow and some of its 
allies, not only in East Berlin 
but also Prague and Sofia. 

uu in -r ■■■ _ ■ -•> 

congress since he took over the 
Soviet leadership. Happy, be- 
cause be genuinely approves of 
some of the economic changes, 
above all the modernization of 
industry and its ' relative 
flexibility. . 

Happy, because be wanted 
to show that despite, the 

historical ballast that burdens 
German-Soviet relations (20 
million Soviet war dead). East- 
Germany is not a second-class 
ally. No other Soviet leader 
has really bothered to demon- 
strate this: it was the task of a 
man of Mr. Gorbachov’s 
generation. „ 

And happy too. : beca use it 
gave him the opportunity of 
appealing to Western Europe 

strip' simplicity: MoSdpw is 
willing to do ereiythiu^ for . 
peace, to cot its conventional 
arms* even to. coantenaace.a 
hew.s n p er power summit; whBe 
the White House is concerned 
only with testing Hudear 
bombs, ' raiding . Libya and 
fending Contras. 

But this aside. It is evident 
that the old leaden of Easton 
European om of step with Mr 
Gorbachov. ■ 

The East German, even to 
the point of reciting the b|o»; 
ber of interior lavatories in hiis 
country, delivered a **5011 nev- 
er had it so goad”* speech. 

Mr Gorbachov quoted Karl 
Mane "A critical attitude to 
one's activities is the unavoid- 
able precondition for the' suc- 
cess of a revolutionary party.” 

‘The. Sonet Union, be said, 
was- not playing down its 
success, it was simply a ques- 
tion of identifying “oar weak- 

■ e.i> -i c_* J a^_ 

to overcome . 

The hint to East Germany 
was dear enough: East Ger- 
many is also haying problems* 
though the word stagnation 
whs -never mentioned in' dm 
discussion: Nor was the word 
reform, with its implication of' 
market-orientated change. 

Mr; Gorbachov, evidently 


Honecker*s popularity fipt 
with a pTOgraitone that can' 
guarantee ; indostrfel achieve- 
ment and consumer satisfec- 
tiALfong after 'tip leader, has 
passed away. r : 7‘; 

The Soviet Unfon wantstwq 
other things from East Germa- 
ny and the other T£asf Europe- 
ans- It wants the: aUiance to 
pool technological research so 
that the hide as 'a whole - and 
not just individual countries 
ran catchupwithtbe Western 
computer age. That means' a- 
neW role for.the.iiadfeg bloc, 
Comecen. - And, secondly. R 
wants' West-pdlitik to he, weO 
prepared. V 

; Herr Honedrer, . if seems, is 
fe he aUowedto go to BOmrJbut 
if should be an .onsehtimental 
working visit' iritfr at 'Ifesi 
some (utispect:dr'Wea^. Ger- 
man concessions; .'I ~ V. - 

This i$ MwSie GOrhachov- 
led Soviet . bloc wewks- The 
Brezhnev doctrine (f 'Enltn 
sovereqtirty fibs been replaced 
by ' the pragmatic , libel of 
“unity In dSefenfiatibs~. 

• That, means, the EastJ&nV: 
peans can duty /on. working 
out tffeir own solutions provide 
ing they, maintain die role of 
the party,* stick to dw'Warsaw 
Pact and tfatf jiHk 

gations to Confecon,.' ' — 

• >j'X7'-sr. 

V..VV ’f'"!"*’-'* 



as inquiry 
accuses banks 

. . . FromDavid BerusteiD,Jerusalem 

feari's leaders went oui of recommended the tboroi 



: • , *0; 
■r |1 U 

their way yesterday to reassure 
the public as. to the strength 
and stability of the country’s 
banking system. The banking 
- community is in a state of 
deep .shock- after the publica- 
tion of ihe devastating find, 
ings of a public commission 
investigating events leading to 
the October. 1 983 hank shares 
collapse;.,... . . 

The .cewmsskm: called for 
the resignation of the heads of 
the- country's' four leading 
commercial banks, whom it 
found.dtrecily responsible for 
the 1983 .crisis through their 

manipulative regulation of 
bank shares.- over, a period of 
sdme six years. - 

It also called for the resigna- 
tion of the governor of Israel’s 
Centra] Bank, and strongly 
criticized two former 'finance 
ministers, for failing to take 
action 10 stop the manipula- 
tion of tlie bank shares despite 
-repealed. warnings that the 
banks' practice of artificially 
supporting their shares web 
beyond their real worth was 
.certain to end m catastrophe. 

Finally, the commission 

overhaul of the country's fi- 
nancial system, including the 
revolutionary proposal that 
‘the commercial banks should 
be completely barred from 
managing ^hare-oriented mu- 
tual or provident funds and 
.that they should also be 
prohibited from trading in 
shares on their.own account. 

The ■Government’s stand 
yesterday was one of caution. 
The new Finance Minister. Mr 
Moshe -Nissim. pledged that 
"everything necessary will be 
done to guarantee the stability 
of the banks, their strength 
and their credibility, in the 
eyes both of the Israeli public 
and. of the international finan- 
■ dal- community." 

There was. nevertheless, 
considerable concern that the 
report might trigger a flood of 
devastating lawsuits by thou- 
sands of people him in the 
1983' collapse 

But ' even here, both the 
; Finance Minister- and- the 
Attorney-General. Professor 
Yitzhak Zamir.' counselled 
caution, rejecting for the time 


tionlo protect the banks from 
such litigation. 

There , was also some con- 
cern in banking circles that 
those censured in ihe report 
might be liable to criminal 
prosecution- after the 
commission's recommenda- 
tions that the Attorney-Gener- 
al investigate possible illegal 
activities by the banks, includ- 
ing the falsification of balance 
sheets and prospectuses. 

Of the bankers censured in 
the report. Mr Giora Gazit of 
Bank Hapoalim was the first 
to submit 'his resignation. Mr 
Ernst Japhet of Bank Leumi. 
Mr Raphael Recanali of the 
Israel Discount Bank. Mr 
Aharon Meir of the Mizrahi 
Bank and Mr Ephraim Reiner 
also of Bank Hapoalim were 
still studying.the report as was 
the Governor of the Bank of 
Israel. ' Dr Moshe 

The 1 983 crisis was precipi- 
tated when the public, fearing 
a massive devaluation, began 
to offload bank shares in a 
panic run- on the US dollar. 

Walker visit test 
of Moscow anger 

. From Christopher Walker, Moscow 
Mr Peter Walker, Secretary ' est oD producer, has been in 

of State for Energy arrived 
here last night to begin a four- 
day official visit Diplomats 
expect it -to provide a crucial 
test of Anglo-Soviet relations 
in the -wake of Kremlin anger 
last week at Britain’s role in 
assisting the American raids 
on Libya. - - . 

Mr Walker is the first 
member-df Mrs - Thatcher’s 
Cabinet to visit the Soviet 
capital since July, 1984. He is 
also' the first member of the 
Government to come here 
since the bitter diplomatic row 
between Moscow and London 
over the tit-for-tat expulsions 
of 31 diplomats, journalists 
and officials - in September 
last. -. - 

The last scheduled tnp to 
Moscow by a Brilisfr Cabinet 
Minister, MrGeorae Younger, 
then . Secretary of State for 
Scotland, was cancelled be- 
cause of the deep differences 
ovefllwexjniJsion BSiBS." ' 

These have - subsequently 
beet? heated more quickly than 
many bad expected. 

Mr. Walker’s- visit at- the 
invitation erf lire world’s larg- 

tbe making for some time. But 
there was last-minute anxiety 
that it might be -downgraded 
alter Sir Bryan Cart! edge, the 
British Ambassador was sum- 
moned to' the Foreign Minis- 
try last week to receive a 
strong Complaint at Downing 
Streets co-operation with 
Washington over the' Tripoli 
attack. __ 

"The summons came after 
weeks of mounting anger in 
Moscow at British support for 
the White House bn a number 
of issues, indtidinga scathing 
article in Pravdei under the 
headline “Hanging onto Un- 
cle Sam’s coat-tads”. 

This has been matched by a 
eontinmng delay in providing 
any dale for the. promised 
spring visit to London by Mr 
Eduard Shevardnadze, : the 
Foreign Minister. 

Last night, British sources 
told The Tlmes-lhat since the 
Libyan bombing, ; thdrtr had 
-been no. Obvious indications 
that the Visit; which includes 
ax tost -four meetings at 
ministerial - tevd, would : be 

US mistrust of Bonn’s 

From Frank Johnson, Bon 

A series of leaks to, a - ogy.^- computers, microchips, 
newspaper of -secret dealings etc- - to Eastern Europe 
between the United States and ostensibly, -for peacefu 
West Germany about high- 
technology has revealed the 

considerable extent to which 
the US doeanot trust the West 
Germans lo keep American 
technological secrets away 
from Warsaw Pact countries. 

The Cologne Express on 
Friday published tire lull text 
of the secret meaty on_ West 
Gentian participation in the 
US Strategic Defence Initia- 
tive <SDI) which the Minister 
of Economics. Herr Martin 
Bangemann, signed in Waste- 

iSriST WeftonHu, law 
.secretary ui ^ ^ stj^gthened to ensure 

that no American secrets end 


At the weekend, the 'Express 

published the text; of a letter 
written at the time of the US- 
Wesi German agreement in 
March by Mr Richard Perie, 
US Assistant Secretary for 
Defence, to Herr. Lorenz 
Schomerus.. an. official of the 
Botin M'mistrv of Economics. 

. The letter ’ ism effect a 
demand to know precisely 
bow. Bonn will make good 
certain promises, given m the 
negotiations with Washing- 

test needs 

Los- Alamps (NYT) - The 
number of nuclear explosions 
needed to perfect new types of 
nuclear arms is rising dramati- 
cally. according to govern- 
ment scientists here. 

Senior officials of the Los 
Alamos National Laboratory 
in New Mexico said that about 
six underground, nuclear tests 
have usually been required in 
developing a new weapon. 

But -the amount was rising 
as scientists tried lo create 
more complex nuclear arms. 
Perfecting one of these new 
designs could require 100 or 
200 explosions^ officials said 
“It will take at least that 
many.** Dr Robert Selden. 
head of theoretical and com- 
putational physics at Los 
.Alamos, said “This is a very 
new thing. The physics pro- 
cesses we’re looking at are far 
more complicated than any- 
thing we’ve looked at before." 

Such complex weapons are 
a leading component of the 
Reagan Administrations pro- 
posed anti-missile plan. • 

. At Los Alamos and the 
Lawrence Livermore National 
Laboratory in California sci- 
entists are working on new 
| : weapons meant to propel mat- 
ter at high speed or to channel 
nudear explosions into tight 
beams of radiation that flash 
across space, mainly for Mr 
Reagan's anti-missile plan. 

This year's budget request 
from the federal Department 
of Energy fists five areas of 
such research: X-ray lasers, 
hyper-velocity pellets, micro- 
waves. particle beams and 
optical lasers. 

Such proposed devices are 
known -as third-generation 
weapons,’ tile first two genera- 
tions being atomic and hydro- 
gen bombs. 

Scientists here say that hun- 
dreds of underground tests 
might be needed to perfect 
ihird-generation weapons. 
Only about 15 tests are 


X" 'H T - . 

sees the caused by the raid on Libya at a briefing given last Tuesday by the US Air Force chief of; 

rreS G ^ staff, General Charles Gabriel. The photograph was released last night. 

Libya crisis aftermath 

Hunt for foreigners goes on 100 planes 
as Britons leave Lebanon in UK 

Beirut (AP, Reuter) - 
Twenty-one British evacuees 
from kid nap-plagued west Bei- 
rut sailed for Cyprus from the 
Chrtetian port of Jounieh 
yesterday, officials said 

Meanwhile, a newspaper 
reported “hunters of foreign- 
ers roaming the streets" of the 
Muslim sector of the Lebanese 

The evacuees boarded a 
boat at the Christian port of 
Jounieh, 12 miles north of 
Beirut at mid -morning for a 
six- hour journey to the Cypri- 
ot port of Larnaca to catch a 
Slight to London. 

No British Embassy offi- 
cials were on hand to see them 
off. The embassy oversaw 
their overland evacuation 
across Beirut's dividing Green 
lAift to the Christian sector on 

Sunday. Mr John Gray, the . 

Ambassador, the evacu- Education Minister 
ees were on their own there. Sunni Muslim, said. 

Jounieh port officials said 
there were 33 other foreigners, 
including two Americans, nine 
Frenchmen and two Irishmen 
on board the boat. 

But many of those travellers 
were ordinary passengers w ho 
were not fleeing Lebanon. 

Two Muslim leaders yester- 
day strongly condemned the 
kidnapping and killing of for- 
eigners in Lebanon. 

It is a “shame for the 
Lebanese", Mr Nabih Beni, 
Justice NUuister and Shiite 
Muslim leader, said. 

He said foreign nationals 
had been kidnapped in the 
name of Islam and killed in the 
name of Arab ism but snch 
actions were not those of Islam 
and Arabian. 

“Our religion stipulates that 
no wrongs should be avenged 
by another," Salim Hoss, 
and a 

A car packed with 770 lb of 
explosives was discovered and 
rendered harmless in west 
Beirut yesterday, security- 
sources reported. 

Meanwhile a senior Norwe- 
gian official will begin a five- 
nation trip to the Middle East 
this week to assess the value of 
Norway's commitment to the 
UN peace-keeping force 

Mr Thorbjoern Froysnes, 
Deputy Foreign Minister, will 
hold talks in Syria, Jordan, 
Israel Lebanon and Egypt 
during the six-day trip, con- 
centrating on Norway's contri- 
bution to the United Nations 
Interim Force in Lebanon, the 
spokesman said. 

Norway also said its two 
diplomats in Beirut were evac- 
uated to Damascus on Sunday 
because of the “less than 
pleasant" security situation in 
the Lebanese capital. 


By Our Foreign StafT 

The US Air Force yesterday I Cf pnn p Watdl 
ok ihe unusual step of 3l“Ppv n4lLll 


Melbourne <? euierl ft T m a 
policewoman who ran from a 

Sr bomb blast three weeks 

ago with flames leapijgfrom 
hlrskin has died » 
and detectives say they stm 
have no dues on wh 0 earned 
out Melbourne s worst terror 

31 Angela Taylor, aged 20. had 
bums 10 60 per cent of her 
bodv when 50 slicks of gelig- 
nite" planted under the bonnet 
of a stolen car blew up outside 
Victoria's State Police head- 
quarters on March 27. 

Drugs charge 

Detroit (UPI) - A federal 

grand jurv has charged a 
former Colombian consul- 
general to the US with con- 
spiring to smuggle large 
quantities of cocaine into 
Detroit and other US cities. 

Mail message 

Peking (AFP I - Postmen 
who throw stacks of letters in 
rivers and bum telegrams 
rather than deliver them will 
be severely punished, the 
People's Daily warned. 

Rome bureau link to murder plot 

Rome (AP. Reuter) — Ital- 
ian police have arrested a 
former Libyan Embassy em- 
ployee in connection with an 
alleged plot lo shoot ihe US 
.Ambassador to Italy last year, 
an aide to Signor Betiino 
Craxi. the Prime Minister, 
said yesterday. . 

Signor Antonio Ghirelli. 
spokesman for the Prime Min- 
ister. said the Libyan* identi- 
fied as Arebi Mohammed 
Fiiuri. aged 47. from Tripoli, 
was picked up in Rome on 
Sunday night 

“This is a concrete sign of 
the Italian Government's de- 
termination to fight against 
terrorism." Signor Ghirelli 
said. He confirmed that the 
Rome prosecutor's office has 

Caspar Weinberger. 

The text makes it dear that 
the United States inststisd, and 
the West Germans conceded, 
that Washington should have 
control over the fruits of any 
ioinl research, and that noth- 
ing important should reach 
third parties. By that. East 
European- countries were 

intenc . 

West Germany vs an impor- 
tant exporter of high lecanql- 

up as West German exports to 
Warsaw Pact countries. 

The embarrassed Govern- 
ment has beam ail inquiry 
into the leaks. The Express is a 
broadly liberal paper and pre- 
sumably the documents came 
from someone within, or close 
to, the Ministry of Economics 
opposed to SDI and to restric- 
tions on trade with the East. 

rebels routed 
by Zimbabwe 

From Jan Rsratii 

A mflitary base in central 
Mozambique has changed 
hands for the third ame in 
eight mouths, after a heavy 
assault by paratroopers of the 
Zimbabwe Army. 

No official Tonfirmanop 
has been forthcoming from 
either Maputo or Harare. 
Military sources here, howev- 
er, said five troop transport 
planes and six helicopters, 
assisted by bombing nmsby 
eight Zimbabwean 
launched ihe attack testweek 
on Casa Banana. forneftfe 
headquarters of the rebel Mo- 
zambique ■ NatiOMl Resis- 
tance in the Gorongpsa 
National Park- , 

The Zimbabweans first 
drove ihe rebels out m Sej£ 
tember lasl but. therebds 
stormed the base in F£™aiy f 
routing the small force of 
demoralized Mozambiq« e 

soldiers left to hold the arejt. 

• MAPUTO: A at ' tomb 
vesiefday injured at tostj*' 
people, three ofthemcrmal- 
ly. military officials satdfReu- 
icr reports). They saidj£° 
bombs planted in a 
off at about 5 am. Another 

bomb faded w explode. 

Chile police 
open fire 
on students 


Massive military police op- 
erations m Chilean universi- 
ties at the J weekend were 
followed by the shooting of 
two men and the arrest of at 
least twti women. ' 

More than 200 students are 
now in jail, as the govern- 
ment tries to stifle a wave of 
protests. „ . 

Chile's military regime is 
feeling the squeeze between 
the mounting activism of 
opposition groups with urine 
country and pressure from 
abroadto improve ns hunran 
rights record.ln Februaiyaner 

almost 13 years of abstamiM 

on such votes in the Untied 
Nations, the. United . States 
ac ^ia)1y sponsored this year s 
resolution condemning the 
Ch ilean military .regime for us 

human rights record. 

This was followed by a visit 
in March from a.member of a 
US commission investigating 
whether American loans to 
Chile should be tied to im- 
provements in human rights. 
This is an alarming prospect 

Ortega fears 
bomb plot 
by Reagan 

El Cnicero. Nicaragua 
(Reuter)— President Onega of 
Nicaragua has accused the 
Reagan Administration of 
looking for a pretext to bomb 
or invade the country through 
a- campaign linking the ruling 
Sandinistas to terrorism. 

“They have launched 
campaign lo try and make tite^ 
North American people think 
that Nicaragua promotes ter- 
rorist actions," Scnor Ortega 
told some 1.000 agricultural 
workers at a state coffee plant 
here on Sunday. 

He said Washington was 
circulating reports that the 
Libyan .Embassy in Managua 
was planning to attack. US 
bases m neighbouring Hondu- 
ras. He did not elaborate. 
“They are looking for a pretext 
to. ..bomb or invade us." he 

also ordered the arrest of 
Mussbah Mahmud Werfalli. a 
former Libyan diplomat, aged 
39. expelled from Italy last 

The Ansa news agency said 
Werfalli left Italy in April 
1985 and might now be in 
Malta. Signor Ghirelli said 
Werfalli was a political coun- 
sellor and Fiiuri an adminis-’ 
trative clerk at the Libyan 
embassy when the plot against 
the ambassador. Mr Maxwell 
Rabb. was discovered. 

They both left Italy after 
Werfalli was declared persona 
non grata and Fituri “was 
allowed to leave". Signor 
Ghirelli said, but Fnun later 
returned to Rome. The two 
men were charged with illegal 

possession of arms, he said. 

• MADRID: The Spanish air- 
line Iberia jesterday resumed 
flights to Tripoli after sus- 
pending them for a week, a 
company spokesman said (AP 

A US team has withdrawn 
from the Tour of Spain cycle 
race because of fears of terror- 
ist attacks. organizers said 
(Reuter reports). 

• LIMA; A -car packed with 
dynamite exploded before 
dawn yesterday outside the 
residence of the US Ambassa- 
dor. Mr David Jordan, dam- 
aging a 1 5ft section of a 
concrete wall surrounding the 
building (AP reports). An 
embassy spokesman said no 
one was hurt. 

took - 
warning that 100 of its FI 1 1 
aircraft, possibly including 
some used in last week's 
Libyan raids, will take off 
from its bases in Britain this 

The aircraft will be taking 
pan in an important Nato 
exercise. Elder Forest "86. 
designed to test Britain's air 

The warning is designed to 
stop people being alarmed and 
believing another Libyan at- 
tack is under way when they 
see the aircraft take off. 

A USAF spokesman said: 
“Normally exercise comman- 
ders would not provide details 
of launches beforehand 
However, in this case, officials 
felt it imperative to give 
details of the launch." 

Aircraft from nine Nato 
nations are taking part in the 

• A private memorial service 
was held at Laken heath air 
base in Suffolk yesterday for 
the two airmen missing pre- 
sumed killed in the attack on 

• NAPLES: Ships from Italy, 
Turkey, Britain and the US 
will take part in routine, 
month-long exercises in the 
Mediterranean starting on 
Thursday. Nato's southern 
headquarters here announced 
yesterday (AP reports). 

A Nato source in Brussels 
said the exercise was decided 
long before the US-Libyan 
conflict but the announce- 
ment was delayed because of 

Moscow (AFP) - Pravda 
has warned of the danger of 
vast brush fires across the 
Soviet steppes, after revealing 
that giant blazes lasl summer 
ravaged areas of Mongolia. 


Moscow (AP) - A cargo 
spacecraft that carried fuel 
and water to two cosmonauts 
on board the Mir space station 
last month has separated from 
the main craft and broken up 
in its descent towards Earth. 
Tass said. 

No peeking 

Naples (Reuter) - A Naples 
town official has proposed 
establishing a park where peo- 
ple can make love in their cars 
without worrying about peep- 
ing toms and thieves. : 

Coal strike 

Brussels (Reuter) — Coal- 
miners began an unlimited 
strike, seeking a government 
promise not to close Belgium's 
last surviving mines or make 
redundant any of the loss- 
making, industry's 18.600 

Hotel blaze 

Tokyo (Reuter) - At. least 
one person was killed, two are 
missing and 54 were injured 
when fire destroyed a wooden 
hotel at a coastal hot springs 

Suva flood 

France the odd man out in bombing protests 

From Diana Geddes 

Opinion in France is split 
over last week’s American 
attack on Libya, but a signifi- 
cant majority of Frenchmen 
approve of the Government’s 
decision not to allow US 
bombers to fly over 
Francejaccording to a poll 
published yesterday. 

The poll, involving a repre- 
sentative national sample of 
800 people and published in 
the political weekly Le Point. 
indicates that 40 per cent of 
Frenchmen disapproved of 
the US raid, compared with 39 
per cent who approved. 

Fifty-five per cent of those 

g oiled supported the 
rovernment’s refusal to allow 
French airspace to be used, 
compared with 26 per cent 
who took the opposite view. 

However, the findings ap- 
pear to be contradicted by 
another poll published in the 
current issue of Newsweek. It 
suggests that as many as 66 per 
cent of French people ap- 
proved of the American ac- 
tion, compared with only 32 
per cent who opposed it. 

The Newsweek poll in- 
volved a smaller sample -of 
500 people and was — tike the 
Le Point poll— carried out two 
days after the bombing of 
Libya. . . 

While it is difficult to judge 
which of the two polls provide 
the more accurate picture of 
French public opinion, it is 
significant that there have 
been no big anti-Reagan dem- 
onstrations' here, unlike in 

most other European capitals. 
But then France has always 
been the odd man out in 
Europe when it comes to 
“peace" marches. 

The predominant national 
mood was perhaps best 
summed up in a front-page 
cartoon in yesterday's Figaro 
showing Marianne, the sym- 
bol of France, holding in one 
hand a list of the capitals in 
which anti-Reagan demon- 
strations were held at the 
weekend, and in the other a 
dove of peace. 

• “What are ‘pacifists'? the 
dove asks, to which Marianne 
replies: “Sheep who believe 
that wolves are vegetarians!" 

The Government position 
on the raid has been ambigu- 
ous and typically French: it 
seems to want both to have its 
cake and eat it. While express- 

ing approval for any action 
that would help to combat 
international terrorism, it says 
it fears the American bom- 
bardment might lead to fur- 
ther violence. 

The Government explains 
its refusal to allow US aircraft 
to fly over its territory by 
saying that France was not 
consulted about the American 

M Jean-Bernard Raimond, 
the Foreign Minister, recently 
summed up the 
officaiGovemment position 
by saying that it “neither 
approves nor disapproves." 

Several leading right-wing 
MPs have condemned what 
they regard as a mealy- 
mouthed and cowardly atti- 
tude of their Govemmem. 

The Socialists, however, 
have expressed strong doubts 

Suva (Reuter) - Floods 
which killed at least eight 
people have started receding 
in the Fijian capital. There 
was no information about 
nine children who were re- 
ported missing. 

about the raid. M Roland 
Dumas, the former Foreign 
Minister, said that “peace in 
the Mediterranean calls for an Tavoc llflrtV 
end to terrorist ^acis, not a 1 * tAaa * J 

recourse to force." 

Only the extreme left-wning 
groups have explicitly con- 
demned the bombardment, 
the Communists describing it 
as “one of the gravest acts of 
state terrorism for many 
years.’ 1 

• NEW YORK: Striking 
differences in European atti- 
tudes to the US bombing of 
Ubva are revealed in the 
Newsweek poll (Trevor 
Fishlock writes). 

The survey, published yes- , . 

terday. show's that 30 per cent p lj-A TRlSerS 
of those polled in Britain and 
29 per cent in West Germany 
approved of the raid. 

Houston (UPI) - An esti- 
mated 40.000 people jammed 
San Jacinto Memorial Park to 
start a two-day celebration of 
the I50ih anniversary of the 
birth of the republic of Texas. 

Wine death 

Alessandria. Italy (Reuter) 
— An Italian woman aged 50 
has died from drinking adul- 
terated wine, bringing the total 
number of suspected victims 
to 22. 

pared with 71 per cent in the 
U noted States. 

The poll, conducted by | 
Gallup, shows that in Britain 
66 per cent, in West Germany 
79 per cent of those polled 
disapproved of the raid, while 
in ghe US their percentage was 
only 21. 

The poll also showed wide 
divergences in perceptions of j 
Mr Reagan’s use of force to 
solve foreign policy problems. 
In the US 62 per cent of those 
polled considered his use of | 
force wise, compared with 18 
percent in Britain, and 21 per 
cent in Germany. 

In Britain. 71 per cent 
thought the bombing would 
increase terrorism. In the US 

President Mitterrand (right) discussing lerrorism with Mr ihe figure^ 39 per c^L and 
Shimon Peres, Israel's Prime Minister in Pans. in West Germany 58 percent. 

Frankfurt (Reuter) - Tw*> 
youths arrested when fire 
swept through a new stretch of 
Frankfurt's underground rail 
network have confessed to 
starting the blaze after a 
drinking spree. West Geraum 
police said. 

Rape claim 

San Salvador (UPI ) - Arch- 
bishop Arturo Rivera y Di- 
mas accused government 
troops of killing three chil- 
dren. raping a girl and disfig- 
uring a corpse- 

Curtains up 

Moscow (AFP) - Soviet 
theatres are to be allowed 
treater autonomy and actors. 

writers and directors giveh 
material incentives in a two- 
year experiment starling in 

American study finds 13 % illiterate 

From Christopher Thomas 

America’s chronic illiteracy 
rate; long hidden behind a 
screen ofdubious official fig- 
ures, has been put at 13 per 
cent of tfae.entireadult popula- 
tion by the Census Bifcau . - 

Among the milhpns of 
Americans whose native ton- 
gue. is not English, the figure is 
45 per cent 

The findings are fer less 
shocking than estimates by 
many private groups who base 
their studies on “functional 
illiteracy". This is defined as 
the. inability to function nor- 
mally in day-to-day situations 
even though the mornir~ ' 




S'.iruSsm'S 1 ,S I o»tor aduh America* ere 

functionally illiterate, with 
blacks by far the worst 

The Census Bureau’s find- 
ings are based on tests con- 
ducted at the homes of 3,400 
Americans, the first test of its 
kind authorized by the Gov- 
ernment. A new' set of criteria 
were used, which go some way 
towards satisfying pressure 
groups that have attacked 
previous studies as grossly 

In 1979 the Census Bureau 
used some broad brush defini- 
tions that produced the offi- 
cial finding that one half of 1 
per cent of Americans over 14 
were illiterate. 

The new study produced 
figures 10 times greater than 
would have been produced 
under the old formula. 

But outside the Govern- 
ment estimates are still much 
worse. The University of Tex- 
as, in studies that are widely 
accepted as relevant today, 
found in 1975 that nearly 20 
per cent of American adults 
were unable to perform every- 
day adult tasks. An extra 34 
percent could not perform the 
tasks proficiently. 

The Census Bureau's study, 
entitled English Language 
Proficiency Survey, seems to 
have drawn an extremely 
narrow definition ofliieracy. 

Mr Robert Barnes, acting 
director of the Education 
Department's planning and 
technical analysis division, 
who headed the project said: 
“! almost think I could pass 
the test if it were given in 
Egyptian hieroglyphics. But I 

wanted a conservative esti- 
mate. I did not want to be 
accused of setting loo high a 

One problem in the test 
re^d: “The patient has tile 
right lo ask for information 
about his sickness." For 
“sickness" they were asked to 
choose from these possible 
synonyms: benefits, business, 
expenses, illness. 

Another example: “Don't 
allow your medical card to --- 
by any other person." Fill in 
the blank with one of the 
following pairs of words: be 
used, have destroyed, go lose, 
get expired. 

Nearly l per cent of people 
with some college education 
failed. So did 6 per cent of 
those who graduated from 
high schooL 

Four more blacks die - 
in ‘necklace’ murdersi 

From Ray Kennedy, Johannesburg 

Four more blacks, one a Three other blacks were 
policeman, have been killed in injured yesterday in landmine 
"necklace" murders -killings explosions in eastern Transi- 

in which a tyre filled with 
petrol is placed round the 
victim's neck and set on fire - 
in South African townships. 

The body of the black 
constable was found in 
Aueridgeville. outside Pre- 
toria. A police spokesman said 
he had been struck over the 
head and attempts made to set 
him alight, but township resi- 
dents said the man’s 
"necklaced" body was found 
in a primary school toilet. 

The other victims were 
three young men whose bodies 
were * found near squatter 
camps outside Cape Town. 

vaal. A taxi hit one of the 
mines near Breyten. about 60 
miles from the Swaziland 
border, injuring the driver and 
his passenger. Two hours later 
a tractor driver was injured in 
another mine blast on a farm 
in the same area. The police 
said the mines were planted by 
African National Congress in- 

A boycott of white-owned 
shops was launched yesterday 
in Alexandra township, out- 
side Johannesburg, where po- 
lice shot dead 18 people 
during unrest in February. 


























































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which faces* 



The Stock Exchange exists for only 
one reason. . 

It is a market. Bg 

Where industry can raise the money 
it needs, flexibly and efficiently 

And where people can invest their savings, 
whether directly or through institutions acting on 
their behalf. 

The purpose of The Stock Exchange has not 
changed for.centuries: but the way it is oiganised has. 

This year; a number of very important changes 
are taking place withina short period of time. . 

They have attracted much attention. A new 
phrase - the “Big Bang”- has been coined to describe 
them. . 

But the fact is that they represent not so much 
a sudden and explosive revolution v as the latest stage 
in a process of change and development which began 
many years ago. 

A process which, taken as a whd6, fe designed 
to make The Stock Exchange a very. much more open 

More open to investors, both in Britain and 
overseas, to buy and sell shares easily and on 
competitive terms. 

More open to industry, to find ready and 
appropriate sources of funds. 

And more open to new members, because 
The Stock Exchange is now in a position to expand 
very greatly in size. 

There are two main reasons for this process of change. 

The first is the huge and fast growth in the 
capabilities of information technology. 

Distance has shrunk. Bsople all over the world 
can be in touch with each other in an instant. W>rk 
processes have been vastly accelerated. 

Despite the substantial costs. The Stock 
Exchange has consistently invested in computer 
systems, and has now undertaken its largest invest- 
ment yet - in a screen-based dealing system which 
will effectively bring the entire floor of The Stock 
Exchange to the desk of every broker in the country 
Such a system not only offers fasten more 
efficient and less expensive dealing, but also removes 
at a stroke the physical limitation on the size and 

location of the market. 

The second reason is that national boundaries 

have become less important to the securities industry 
Exchange controls no longer exist in the UK. 
Institutions in the USA, Japan, UK and else- 
where have become more willing, and more able, to 
seek investment opportunities beyond their domestic 
markets: and in the same way, industry has become 
more willing, and more able, to look overseas for 
sources of fund s - especially to the Euromarkets. 

In short, the trend is leading towards the inter- 


* exists for only A TB T3 

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nationalisation of the securities industry 

Its a trend which presents great opportunities. 

The Stock Exchange itself is, literally in the 
right place, at the right time, to consolidate and 
develop its position as one of the world’s most impor- 
tant and active exchanges, together with those in 
Tbkyo and New York. 

The benefits of the resulting changes are by 
no means confined to The Stock Exchange. 

For individual investors, there is the prospect 
of a very much more accessible market - where there 
are brokers with the resources to deal for them, on 
the spot and without difficulty in even the smallest 
numbers of shares. 

For institutional investors, there is the pros- 
pect of buying and selling shares for their clients at 
reduced cost - and, before long, as computer links 
make connections between the London Stock 
Exchange and exchanges overseas, of trading in 
securities 24 hours a day around the world. • 

For industry the new market will be better 
equipped than ever to meet its demands for capital. 

But for the country as a whole, the oppor- 
tunities are greater still: because The Stock Exchange 
will be better able to play its part in the development 
of London as a world financial centre - a centre 
whose success depends upon the success of its major 

All of these opportunities will flow from the 
changes which have already been made at The Stock 
Exchange, and the changes now being planned. 

Consider them in turn. 

A basic readiness to initiate change, and a willingness 
to respond to commercial pressures, has already made 
far-reaching and fundamental measures possible. 

Tb summarise only a few: in the last ten years 
The Stock Exchange has reformed its administration 
and its disciplinary procedures; it has introduced two 
new markets (the USM, to meet the capital needs of 
smaller businesses, and the traded options market, 
to enable investors to lay off risk); it has invested in a 
fully computerised settlement system and a new 
market price information system, TOPIC; and it has 
changed its rules of membership to allow outside 
ownership of Stock Exchange member firms and to 
allow new members to join The Stock Exchange in 
their own right. 

Yet during this remarkable time of change, 
even more remarkable has been the commitment to 
some unchanging values. 

Notably the obligation to use the full force of 

The Stock Exchanges regulatory powers in 
the interests of investors. 

It is a commitment which will remain, as 
the pace of change quickens through the course 
of this year and beyond. 

The next stages in The Stock Exchange's continuum 
of change are of the very greatest significance. 

Later this year will come the developments 
generally known as the “Big Bang'* - the move to a 
screen-based dealing system, and the abolition of 
brokers' minimum commissions. 

At present, The Stock Exchange is engaged 
in the building of a completely new electronic market 
place, SEAQ, which will include not only the display 
of market information, but also a complete recording 
of all trading done on The Stock Exchange. A system 
for overseas securities, SEAQ International, is 
already in place. 

At the same time, the settlement system is 
being overhauled, expanded and updated. 

A new system is planned to handle the fully 
automatic execution of small baigains which will 
help cut costs for private investors: and another will 
facilitate the trading of large blocks of shares. 

It is an ambitious and expensive programme: 
but it is fundamental to The Stock Exchanges f uture 

So too is the work in progress to manage 
change in the field of regulation. 

The new market will require new techniques 
of surveillance and policing. The Stock Exchange 
must not only plan the development of its own 
procedures, but also engage in the debate to do with 
the Financial Services Bill, which will define the 
boundaries between statutory and non-statutory 

Further plans under consideration will tackle 
the question of dealing in wholly unlisted securities, 
and the growth potential in the traded options market. 

And finally change is by no means confined 
to the trading floor of the exchange. On the upjjer 
floors too, where the governing council meets, reforms 
will be made in order to satisfy both the aspirations 
of new members, and the legitimate concerns of 
existing members. 

Every one of these many developments is 
running to its timetable. The signs are that a fine 
balance between evolution and revolution will be 
achieved, and that the new' market will offer new 
levels of competitiveness and flexibility, with no loss 
of order and regulation. 

Naturally, this is good hews for The Stock 

But, as this advertisement has sought to show, 
it is also good news for London, for industry, and the 
country as a whole. — — — 


London • Belfast * Birmingham ■ Bristol • Dublin • Glasgow • Liverpool ■ Manchester 


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that his researches have been April 12. 

.^pril 13. 

Such harmony, such 

Sir Yehudi Menuhin, 
pictured here by 
Snowdon to mark his 
70th birthday 

today, talks to 
Alan Franks about 
the conflicts g 
between his public 
and privat e lives 



WmMmm - 
ai : :: 

A t 70. Sir Yehudi Menuhin i 

remains the unresolved £ 
discord that he has al- 
wavs been, infinitely Jess g 
harmonious to his own g 
inner ear than to the concert JaU g 
audiences of the world, to whom he | 
has been playing for 6_> > ,ear \ 1 

For this, his parents are to blame, g 
no less than they are w be g 
commended for having reared a | 
musician who. even on the ihresb- | 
old of old age. still holds fast .to the 8 
utopianism of a teenage prodigy. g 
At the risk of labouring £e jjj 
musical analogy. he emerges, by his g 
own admission, as a melody con- 
demned for ever to alternate. be- 
tween the major and the minor 
modes, the first being the legacy ot 
his late father, who gloned m 
Yehudi's public goodness, and the 
second being that of his mother 
now 90. who still wishes be could 
belong more to himself than to the 
world, and develop the more rumi- 
native side of his character . 

Meanwhile, the boy himself 
seems resigned to this 
the middle point between L Allegro 
and II Pensercso. even though the 
verv expression of thai condition 
leads him to the remorse of non- j 

**1 sav that I am as busy as ever, 
not with pride but with a certain 
embarrassment, because there is 
this dream which 1 have not 
managed to realize - a dream 
simplv of taking my wife out to the 
theatre and the opera, and of being a 
little bit the father to my children. 
Then there is my natural yearning to 
spend more time at the [)ehudi 
Menuhin] school in Surrey . 

He says that from this month ne 
will be 'scaling down his public 
commitments, but in this respect at 
least his resolution remains to be 
proven. Midway through his fourth 
score the schedule of performances 
is as daunting as it ever was. and his 
travelling mistress, the violin, as 
fervent in her demands and as 
rewarding in her responses. 

This is not quite the scurrilous 
reference it may sound, for in the 
book which he publishes today he 
portrays the instrument as nothing 
less than his grand passion. 

“From the handling of the violin I 
have learnt lessons that apply to 
other areas of life. With its require- 
ments it is almost like a pagan 
goddess, exacting a certain tribute, 
in that von can't look after her or ex- 
pect her kindness or consideration 
unless you worship her in the right 

There is a colossal sense of 
tragedy in his ageing countenance, 
above all in the forehead which is al 
once furrowed by close concentra- 
tion on his demanding lover and yet 
made distrait by the massive preoc- 
cupations which music has brought 
him. There is also the air of a man 
for whom doubt is finally clouding 

) li-T • 

■HM 1 1 ■ 'i' tJ 

rt v * a j jSS 

; r^K-- / * BLmi. 



Bowing out Sir Yehudi Menuhin, 

the euiding ideology — namely that 
art in general and music in particu- 
lar are agents for unifying a world 
formed with massive fissures. 

H e explained; “I always 
think of music as thera- 
py. There is this conflict 
between what people 
call reality and what 
thev call ideas. The arts have always 
been considered as something deco- 
rative and dispensable simply be- 
cause they don’t enter into the 
calculations of those who seek- 
power, or have merely to survive 
the dav. If vou have to do that I 
mean if you have io find food, then 
the most you would have expected 
in the old days would be a 
beautifully decorated club or a 
finelv designed dining room 
. vou would have to secure 
leisure for yourself before you could 
decorate the sword rather than just 
have a good blade. 

“Therefore the element of art has 
always been associated with societ- 
ies that have enjoyed some degree of 
stabilitv. When they are in the 
process' of destroying themselves 
phvsicallv, and are overrun with 
fear and hatred, then l think that at 
that point music . . . well, they have 
rejected it.” 

Menuhin's life, as he would be the 
first to admit, has been a fortuitous 
accident of place and history, a 

fisgagg SKgS* 

lalterday classical version of the 
traditional Jewish “fiddler on the 
hoof* finding himself able to prose- 
lytize on the world stage, through 
the possession of a prodigous gift. 
The personal cost of that gift has 
been awesome, and the burden of 
something akin to atonement seems 
to sit on his every utterance. 

“ l have so much to be grateful 
for. My family, wife, the violin, the 
good timing. For example, if it had 
been, sav, 20 years earlier or later, 
things might not have been the 
sam? I had the luck of good tuning 
in relation to the two world wars, 
with relation to my parents’ move 
to America, with relation to the age 
I was when I could travel. I have 
had that marvellous fortune that in 
the course of my life everything - 
my development, my age and my 
efforts - has all fallen on fertile 

ground." . 

Today, after many years living in 
north London. Menuhin and his 
wife, the former ballet dancer Diana 
Gould, occupy a large house ra 
Belgravia. When he is at home he 
still practises for three hours a day 
in his studio at the top of the 
building reached by a lift th8t_nses 
through the masonry with the speed 
of continental drift. 

Tokens of his past stand wherever 
the eye roams — the signed photo- 
graphs of world leaders which are 
ranged on the piano top, the Epstein 

UdlfcU juftuiuiw w. V r . . — t t 

in the midst of all this cultural 
archaeology of more titan half a 
century sits Menuhin himself pre- 
siding* over those emblems of a 
career which recedes into his own 

F our months ago be was 
compelled to stop practis- 
ing the violin while an 
inflamed tendon in his left 
wrist healed. In what he. 
describes as “a rather Old Teste- 


ment manner”, he had interpreted 
the affliction as retribution for not 
having put in enough time on his 
playing, which ted him to aggravate 
it by trying to make amends. 

“I carry the past as I want to cany 

the future”, he says. “I feel that 

people who say we have one life and 

that it is ours to do with as w e wa nt 
are wrong I do have this strong 
sense of living, with the past, 
because without it there can be no 
future. My life is not my own; no 
one’s is. It is something that is 
merely ours on trust, tent to us to 
make the best of it that we can. 

“You know, the other day I 
brought back the slice of a petrified 
tree trunk from Brazil, which was 
growing 220 million years ago. I was 
so fascinated by it that if I could 
conceive of an object of idolatry. 

choose this bit of tree. 

“It has rings, so that you can see 
that it actually lived for a given 
number of years, and so there must 
have been a forest - animals, 
worms, monkeys maybe, 
birds ... and here we are. wonder- 
ing bow we’ll survive i now 
we’ve brought the world to this 
terrible state, and there s this evi- 
dence of all those millions of years. 

That piece of trunk— i use dtnerely 

to give myself a sense of 

the conversation returns to his 
mother, and with it come those 
cadences of speech which seem to 
make each sentence end with a 
dying fall. At the same toe thai 
ferocious concentration which cm 
so easily double as a look of the 
purest sadness, descends on the 

“She has this fierce power, this 
incredible determination. Not one 
of your gentle Yiddisher mamas. 
Much more Russian than Jewish. 
She doesn’t say as much, but I know 
that for her this idea of selling ones 
wares to the public, of playmg for 
fees is not, well ...” The sentence 
foils away, unresolved. 

laoBQ? nu» w e*™— 
take-out shops, with catchy 

Hot competition 
in search of 
a better bagel 

Life Class bv Yehudi Menuhin is 
published today by Heinemann 
(price £8.95). 

names such as the Stiver 
Palate and A Moveable R aft 
have opened up to ca t e r for 
the demand. 

“There are very few plea- 
sures in life that we can 
control. Eating is one”, says 
Norma Wasserman, a profes- 
sional painter who 
“discovered” food white a 
student in London. She runs 
two food shops in Cam- 
bridge. Mass, and pauus at 
weekends. Recently, she had 
a portrait hung at the Nation- ■ 
al Portrait Gallery in Wash- 
ington DC — and found 
herself mobbed at the recep- 
tion by people wanting to 
know the secrets not of her 
palette, but of her palate. 

“Gourmet” is the catch- 
word of the moment, a word 
so . over-used h has become 

_ and the . lush bi-montWy 
Chocokaier. ms ad-roatf S 
dream. Along with exonc 
fonts, pasta ?aad- afl things 
Italian, chocolate is one of the 
current “ra” foods. American 
xicr capita consumption rose 
tom 9t71bin 1984-to 1 21b ra 
19 &S — mid manufacturer- 

arefalfing over themselves to 

find new ways of using ft. 

Yuppie Gourmet In c , o f 
Racine, Wisconsin, recentiy 
announced -the birth of the 
chocolate-covered potato 
crisp. And that old standby, 
the chocolate chip cookie - 
invented, by a. Massachusetts 
housewife in 1929 - is in- 
creasingly more . chocolate 
than chip. . . . 

At the other end of toe 
price scale are the designer 
chocolate stops, which took 
more like jewellers than gro- 
cery stores. And like jewel-, 
ten, they specialize in wish 
fulfilment. For less than KW 
Chocolate Designs of Hous- 
ton. Texas, will model you a 
ten-inch high mink coat or a 
Ferrari — all in solid 


A bird’s inviting song 

j * ■ — v were thought to lack b 

| The familiar f ci MT)TNGS J fat Now, research shows 
rX chirruping call V j uu. * , _■ 




Would you treat a child suffering from 

Would you retain Society's hardwon ■ 
control over polio, diphtheria, TB and 

Would vou aqree we must have 
medicines and vaccines which have 
been tested for safety? 

" The familiar 

chirruping call 
f of the house 

V sparrow may 
contain subtle 
behavioural in- 

_ formation. A 

recent study has shown that 
the rate of one sparrows 

chirrup calling is proportional 

to the amount of food available 
for other sparrows. When 
presented with a scattered 
food source which one bird 
could not monopolize, the bird 
tended to chirrup rapidly. 

The most convincing expla- 
nation is that feeding in groups 
helps ensure safety ag ai ns t 
predators. When the food s 
unscattered (a slice of bread, 
for example) the sparrow is 
silent. Thus, the noise may be 
a balance between keeping 
food to itself and concern 
a boot predators. ■ 

A series reporting 
on research 
Brown study 

The newborn young of many 
mammals are born with a 
special form of fat called 
brown fat Its prime function 
is to produce heat during the 
first critical days after birth. 

In one group of mammals, 
the marsupials of Australia 
and South America, the young . 
are bom in a very underdevel- 
oped state after very short 
gestations: These tiny off- 
spring (less than one ten- 
thousandth of their mothers 
weight ) continue to grow as an 
external foetus. 

Until recently marsupials 

Would you agree that we need to 
al legate and control , for example, 
cancer, arthritis, multiple sclerosis and 
heart disease? . 


Would you like to see a cure for AIDS 
and Legionnaire's disease? 

I — — 

Animal experimentation has made 
an essential contribution to the 
control and eradication of serious 
diseases. Much more requires to be 
done - this work must continue. 


1 Containing iron (6) 
5 Heat source 14) 

8 Composition (5) 

9 Nicked (71 

II Funds store (8) 

13 Additionally |4| 

15 Not meant (13) 

17 Scots old <41 

18 Ver> hungry (8) 

21 Final points (71 

22 Detest utterly (5) 

23 Very lazy (4) 

24 Gossip (6) 


2 Follow (5) 

3 Gleam (3) 

4 Dynamic meeting 


5 Destiny (4) 

6 Command level 17) 

were thought to lack brown 
fat Now, research shows that 
in one species of marsupial 
(the Bennett's wallaby) brown 
fat develops some months 
after birth, just before the 
young joey leaves the pouch. 
This is perhaps the physiologi- 
cal equivalent of birth since 
the joey needs to maintain its 
body temperature away from 
the the pouch. This disoovery 
means that *hi* unique heat- 
producing tissue- may have a 
very long evolutionary histo- 
ry: marsupials evolved as a 
separate group some 120 mil- 
lion years ago. 

Call of the deep 

1 Insight into the 
diving behav - ! 
tour of ele- 
phant seals 
comes from a 
recent paper in 
The Jounial of 
Zoology. The female northern 
elephant seal lands in Califor- 
nia each vear for five weeks to 
give birth ana nurse her young 



It’s astonishing,' - 
how quite a simple jP 

a disabled person from dependence on others and " 
allow them to lead an active, independent, fuller life. 

Dressing with one hand (even tying a shoelace) can • 
be made quite easy. People with impaired speech 
and movement can communicate- readily, or 
summon help, without making a sound. Cbuntless 
aids, some simple, some hi-tech, are helping 
disabled people to move, hear, see, cook, work and 
play — living a normal life — in ways they hadnever 
dreamed possible. And ah because the Disabled 
Living Foundation is seeking out wavs TO help diem 
and is passing this information on 
Help us keep this vital service going. Your . 
donation or your legacy will mean a fuller life 
for so many people. We depend on you! Please 
support us “ today. 

And if you are disabled, or know someone else who - , 
is, it could be worth getting in touch, with the 
Foundation to see what aids may be availabie. lt 
could be a new beginning! 

Zoology. The female northern 
elephant seal lands in Califor- 
nia each vear for five weeks to 
gi ve birth ana nurse her young 
to independence. In the pro- 
cess. she loses a third of her 
bodv weight. She returns to the 
sea' to feed then, two-and-ar 
half months later, briefly re- 
turns to mouh. 

Scientists at the University 
of California attached depth 
recorders to a nursing female 

During ha- first l / days at sea, 
she spent 89 pa cent of her 
time under water in dives 
averaging 20 minutes, with ■ 
less than three minutes on 
surface between dive s. Her 
average depth was-l.lOOfi with 
a maximum of. 2.050fi ( the 
deepest seal dive on record, 
and one which may. hare taken 
ha to the edge of die continen- 
tal shelf). While diving, the 
: seal may drift into partial 
sleep, cutting its o.ry'gen use. 

1 Eating establish mem 14 Conceal (4) 
M0) 16 Poorly-roan 

10 Revelation ( 10) 4) 

12 Location (4) 19 YeIk>«M>range (5) 

14 Conceal (4) 29 Silent acting (4) ' 

16 Poorly-mannered (3. 22 Formic add insen 
4) <2) 


Safeguard your future 

1- * 


ACROSS: 1 Sells 4 Die hard 8 Optic 9 Saraoni .10 Garmon U 
Kill 13 Beachcomber 17 Omit 18 Training 21 Tnpob 22 Eaten 23 

Medina 24 Tarry _ _ , . 

DOWN: 1 Stooge 2 Later 3 Sunn net 4 Disconcerting 5 Ecro6 As- 
cribe 7 Dangle 12 Imminent 14 Edifice IS Tom tom l6Agrocy 19 
Inter 20 Lori 

Dr Andrew London 

Disabled - 

Living Foundation 

The author is a research fallow 
at the institute of Zoology 

Practical help in daily living for aff disabled people 

Room 150, 380/384 Harrow Road, Loudon W9 2HU. 
Tel. 01-289 611 1 . 


gal! )« 




- '. r i'?5‘ 


• - ■ v„ % 

■ *a, . % w*. 

* v-. r v v 

•- _ --V- 

■ . ' *> 

’ : . . lA 

ns" < 

--4. s 

I F ■ ‘ ^ be absolute begfa- 
v 1: mg for. denim 
B ‘ ?** American 
| wue -jcaar Levi 
Strauss in -the 
18$0s was the first 
to adapt sergedeMjnes, as it 
was originally known, 
clothing. His. double seams 
and rrvctp were put tp ttie test 
by American dustbowTfann- ~ 

ers audJahourecsat thelum of 
. Jbe cranny. 

( 5 Ii-jwasn*-.uhtil..ilie -early 
l 1950s that denim achieved a 

< certaa"Uw6ncWi» lt- was th& - 

i anarchic sty ie of the Ame rican 

motorcycle- $angs inleather 
l jackets and, jeans that gave 

‘ MartoirBn^to. iris look for 

the “Wild One”^ James Dean 
was quids fo* follow suit and he 
too scowled his way. to star- 
dom in faded, blue. These cult 
movie heroes introduced den- 
iroto the British youth for the 
first time. And as Brando grew 
• upaud James Dean drove his 
Chewy to the levee, rock V 
roll thundered m. Levi’s cur- 
rent advertising campaign 

wStalikes. Tmrtnring^ iF^r 
five- pocket - westerns into 
shape. But vdifie the creatore 
of Jhe -original, red- tag 501s 
f todays favourite label) hark 
back to the nostalgic days of 
rock *fi '-Toll, the summer or&6 
will see denim back on the 
hippy- trail, y. 5 V 
The flower-power ajnera- , 
lion put the length of denim 
to the- ultimate test. Their 
uniform waistcoats and jeans 
were anti-fashion, personal- 
ized whh -rips and studs. A 
hippy wasn't hip without a 
“make i^ree'nanSwar" badge 
sewn on - to a back pocket, 
il • But the most^ dedicated. 

' dropouts would slfake in their 
Jesus . boots ax -ihc diamante 
trimming -and; designer .rips 
which , ;_are Katharine 
Hamnett's" interpretation of' 
the hippy heyday, iiamhett 
takes a raonchy .tongue-in-chic 
look at . the late Sixties. Her 
figure-hugging bustier tops 
and mini-skins, are a carica- 
ture ofslacn^ m idriff tops and 

* ■ .+7-Z- ^ 4 i ■*-' 

y ' ' ' 

SShfe -r 


5\^* * , , ' ■ . ' 


J oe Caseley Hayford. 
teams denim with 
flower-power using a 
patchftwk of bngfat 
floral fabrics for over- 
- sized shins wifolong 
pointed- collars: His stone- 
washed jeans with a two-inch 
^.fringe runnihg^down the. out- 
side seams have* country and 
western fad when wonrxtith a 
beribboned -stetson- fast and a 
pair Of Cuban heeled cowboy 

Lucflle Lewin^ owner of the 
Whistles shops in Loud dr, has- 
backed denim 4n afrigwhy this - ; 
year. Jackets trimmed -with ' 
canbon tharafaets, appfiqu£d : ‘ 
chambray : shirts and mini- - 
skirts All have hip^ overtones . 
but without thedown-and-ota ‘ 
scruffy image." The 6de-m- 
the-wasfr -appeal also: applies 
to inciigoriyed cotton Sweaters 
with rafl-necksand thick cable 
patterns by the' French design :, 
company Folds.- 
Designers 'faKng denim off 
the hippy 'tnaHnaude Lolita 
^Lerapicka, a French designer 
who has added chic to hip and 
put' denim oil the city streets. 
The last few punks loitering in 
the Kings Road can watch her 
sliroetarts and str uctu red lops 
in then-favourite fabric walk- 
ing: out of - Whistles. Other 
French .destriers ; thinking 
along the same lines me Karl 
Lagerfeld, who has swapped 
rivets for gfltbuttons and put 
denim on the Pam catwalk for 
Chanel, and Azzedme Alala, 
who has cut it on the curve for 
wide-shouldered, tight- 
waisied tops and short, sassy 

Ralph Lauren, the designer 
who broughi us the prairie 
. look with chambray skirts and 
- bandanna hand kerchieft is 
still designing denim in the 
rough. His lough jackets lined 


! by Joe Casetey+tayford from Jonas, Kings Roed SW1 and floral Street, WC2. 
and the Warehouse. Glasgow. Beaded zukfheadband, £89 from Ubertys, Regent 
- • ’ .Street; WLBuddha hoop parings; £46, armlet with charms, £46, 

■ erobossedshver armlet £4o afi by Gary Wright and Sb^a Teague from . 

.' Harvey Nichote, Kntohtsbridge, SW1 and Review in Chatenham. Straw • 
hat decorated with rfobons by Samson. 

with tartan and worn with 
wide-legged jeans are for the 
healthy outdoor man. He has 
cleaned up the image of the 
lumberjack; • with ' bis 
rough wear collection, and 
prettified a woman's denim 
jacket with a lace collar. 

The denim industry was 
flagging when designer jeans 
arrived. Gloria Vanderbilt 
embroidered her name across 
a million behinds ‘and Calvin 
Klein followed suit with a 
steamy advertising campaign 
that made some critics hot 
under their immaculate Klein 
collars. Other manufacturers 
deserted their cult following 
and experimented with 
lighter-weight fabrics, even 
changing the colour. Black 
denim was an unsuccessful 
spin-off which proved to the 

industry dial when we want 
our jeans customizing, well 
do it ourselves thank you. 

The appeal of designer den- - 
im is shortlived in contrast to 
the constant popularity of 
basic indigo dyed cotton jeans. 
Media-hype and clever adver- 
tising has cottoned on to a 
youth market that wants the 
real thing. Young consumers 
have proved that authentic 
brand names are more impor- 
tant than any fly-by-night 
fashion craze. And while das-' 
sic blue jeans have found a 
place in the V&A. first-time 
buyers should treasure their 
trousers and remember that 
old blue magic. 

Rebecca Tyrrel 

• Suzy Menkes is on holiday 

Away with the suit, on with the shorts 

Tunics,, breeches, 
stockings. . . the 
simple male suit 
hiis seen off all 
attempts at reform 

Contemplating the current 
gfamorons /tarty look - teeter- 
ing high heels and tig&t glit- 
tering, gtrinems 7 OB® 
temptM to agree with Robert 

Melancholy, that; women 

“aim n y n t and: paint their 

faces, crash in their feet and 
bodies. 'and harr and crudfte 
themselves". all in the emseof 
fashion which Oscar WUtte 
describes as “a form of ugli- 
ness so - intolerable th*t 
have to after it evay s® 
mon ths'*. ' ‘ 

Ever since men sobered 

down la ihelr dress at the end 

of the eighteenth ceonny, 
women in comrast-app^f to 
have become more capricious 
in their clothing. m ore 
prepared to be ancotnforteOrc 
in pursuit. Of’ Hw current 
fashion aesthetic. Modes 
tempts at organized. «ess 
reform, -from Mrs 
loose trousers hi the mid JM; 
Century to the Sensftfc 1 5S? ’ 
Society of *e *9-08, 

which tried to k«p to *»taon 
Wtoagti dresses tyjncal ot 

that decade of sartorM earn®' 

apatfon, all met with scant 

- Today's dress reformers, if 
they can be called that, cannot 
suggest much that is practical 
for women other than various 
versions of men's dress? and 
indeed it is with so me e nvy 
that women might regard the 
male suit, which ev olved in toe 
late seventeenth century, and 
wfakh has-been the basic wear 
for men on most, occasions, ft 
Is an outfit which is both 
onSform and expressive of 
personality -think aS Derek 
• Hatton’s rather sharp suits, 
and the more casual fines of 

President Reagan’s, which 

look inspired, by drape 

Silk blouse at 
the May Ball? 

suits of the late 1940s. By the 
same token, evening dress for 
men both flatten them and 
absolves them of the worry of 

Over the last hundred or so 
years, however, there have 
been periodic #nmWings_orer 
the sobriety and uniformity of 

male dress, and some attempts 

at reform. In the fate jmne- 
teenth century a nnmber w 
writers and artists (Os»r 
Wilde was one), revuing the 
costu me faft ffrfedjgS 
tried unsuccessfully to return 
the dress of. toe. I»a^ 
suggesting various kunfe of 
•meSevaT ‘outfits, such as 

tank and hose, or a kind of 
eighteenth-century dress with 

In die late 1920s, inspired 
by the relative ease and sim- 
plicity of female dress, another 
attempt was made at men's 
dress reform, to make men 

turn away from what Eric Gfll 
called “the clothes of clerks", 
towards bright and comfort- 
able clothes. In a deliberate 
effort to remove dress reform 
from the suspect aesthetic and 
somewhat effeminate Image of 
Wilde and hi& circle, the 

- A . ' ' 

Oscar Wilde m hk aesthetic 18th cestray reform dress 

members of the Men's Dress 
Reform Party, founded in 
1929. wished to promote a 
hearty masculinity m costume, 
notably by toe wearing of 

Id a letter to The Times in 
June of that year, toe secre- 
tary of toe new society stated, 
the views of his members, most 
of whom wished for shorts 
(though a few wanted the Itih); 
he himself (a Dr Jordan) 
advocated a kind of jacket and 
shorts suit made of “fine 
worsted or cashmere; good 
stockings to match", an open- 
necked shirt, and sandals. 
Shorts were, of course, associ- 
ated in the public mind with 
sport (especially football) and 
with boys. Altooogb Lord 
Baden- PowelL a supporter of 
the MDRP, wore shorts even 
when receiving an honorary 
degree, along into his cap and 
gown, it was too much a break 
with convention for men to 
wear them at work, for 

It w& even less likely that 
they would be adopted, as 
some of the dress reformers 
wanted, for evening treat; al- 
thongh Jordan in 1930 urged 
young men attending Cam- 
bridge May Balls to wear “a 
silk blouse, satin shorts and 
silk stockings", be himself 
preferrred the tonic and san- 
dals. “Let os go gay" pleaded 
Ernest Thesiger at a Dress 
Reform Dinner Debate in 1932 
(the motion, proposed by 
iC.E.M. Joad, was "that men 
most bete-dressed"), but the 

reformers could not decide on 
what they should wear. 

The members of the MDRP 
engaged in a flurry of activity 
during toe 1930s; newspaper 
articles, debates, rambles and 
“dress reform revels" helped 
to promote toe cause. Reading 
the surviving accounts, there is 
that mixture of individual 
eccentricity which is peculiar- 
ly English. It is difficult to say 

Dressed for 

how far these dress reformers 
influenced toe trend through- 
out toe Thirties towards 
tighter and brighter casual 
clothes for men; sport and the 
vast growth in the holiday 
industry mist hare been much 
more important an inspiration. 

Since then, we have beard 
nothing little more on the 
subject of dress reform; it is 
not dear how serious George 
Orwell aas when in 1945 be 
urged a new kind of evening 
dress based oa toe battle- 
dress, which would be “truly 
national". We are all resistant, 
it seems, to changes in dress 
which do not naturally evolve 
ont of a preceding style; 
and those urging reform cry in 
the wilderness. 

Aileen Ribeiro 

The author is head of the 
history of dress department at 
the Courtauld Institute of. in. 


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Uiat ms researches have been April li 







If James Prior’s son David still 
nurtures hopes of being selected to 
fight his lather's Waveney seat he 
can forget them for the moment 
Although it has not yet been 
announced, the former Northern 
ta-land Secretary's seat is going to 
Prior's own agent David Porter — 
a move which is already infuriat- 
ing Tories in the know. “It is 
Simply not on for an agent to stand 
for the seat — it's like an NCO 
shooting his troop officer in the 
tack 1 ', says my informant “Porter 
should at least have had the 
decency to try elsewhere." Porter 
is unabashed: “I know it's almost 
unprecedented, but I am a local in 
the area", he says. "My candidacy 
will be announced next week." 

Biter bit 

Jack AspinwaJI. one of the leading 
Tory rebels who voted against the 
Sunday Trading Bill, has an 
embarrassing confession to make. 
The MP for Wansdyke and direc- 
tor of the Sacrum family dim of 
food shops was recently found in a 
DIY shop on a Sunday afternoon 
laden with wallpaper and other 
household accessories. “I was 
buying the wallpaper for an elderly 
member of the constituency," 
explained AspinwaJI. "I voted 
against the bill because I am 
against total deregulation." 

Barren Fields 

It is not turning out to be 
Randolph Fields's year. Only 
weeks after he postponed the 
launch of his new airline. High- 
land Express, having failed to raise 
the necessary finance, the courts 
have again found against him. In 
1 984 Fields was ordered to pay full 
costs for a serious contempt in 
delaying the return of documents 
he had seized through an Anton 
Pillar order against barristers who 
had quit his Grays Inn. London, 
chambers. The Court of Appeal 
ruled the order should never have 
been granted. Now the High Court 
has dismissed all but one of 
Fields's claims, including one for 
breach of confidence, against his 
former barristers and clerks. His 
Honour Judge Gerald Butler 
awarded common fund costs 
against him. 

Vision off 

Don't expect an even break if you 
live in the inner City. I hired a 
television set and -video recorder 
from Visionhire Islington, pay- 
ing extra for insurance. Ten days 
later, my flat was burgled and the 
video was stolen. Because I was 
burgled so soon after installation. 
Visonhire is refusing to rent me 
another video, and intends to 
repossess my TV as well. Bang 
goes Dallas . . . 

Bible thumper 

The Reverend Ian Paisley has 
been treating delegates of the 
Democratic Unionists' annual 
conference in Belfast to the kind of 
wit for which he is renowned in 
Nonhem Ireland but which main- 
land television viewers rarely 
experience. I am told the tale 
which raised the biggest laugh was 
of the Protestant who returned 
home from church singing the . 
praises of the preacher "1 don't 
know where that fellow gets his 
texts from, but today's sermon 
was brilliant — all about St Paul 
taking a pistol to the Fenians." 


•I said “Take me to your leader" and 
they told me to try the While House' 

Art attack 

Princess Michael of Kent has 
taken to wearing advertising slo- 
gans to promote a commercial art 
gallery - of which she is a paid 
director - while in the company 
of the Royal Family. Yesterday 
observers suggested it may be 
more appropriate if she wore a 
slogan promoting tne naro- 
oressed Victoria and Albeit Mu- 
seum - of which she is an unpaid 
mistee. The Princess was photo- 
graphed at Badminton at the 
weekend with the slogan 
“MacConnal-Mason ^Gallery 
Equestrian Event Team" on her 
Sloane Ranger-style jacket She is 
hot in the team, nor has she ndden 
any of their eventers. Yesterday 
the etllery said "with deference to 
the princess", that riders must be 
very experienced to qualify for the 
team. The Princess's directorship 
of the MacConnal-Mason gallery 
in London has already caused 
ructions within the an establish- 
ment. Critics daim it conflicts 
with her V & A role. (She has 
voted on a V A A purchase worth 
several millions). Others, such as 
Hugh Leggatt of the Museums and 
Galleries Commissions, says it 
does not. Yesterday the princess's 
spokesman said “Perhaps the 
V & A will give her a slogan to 
wear next year?" FHS 

America’s badge of courage 

The United States administration has 
described its action against Libya as an 
act of self-defence in accordance with 
Article 51 of the United Nations 
Charter. I find it hard to accept that the 
US should require such a narrowly 
formulated defence. The action was in 
reality a protective measure to safe- 
guard the whole civilized world from 
the cancerous tumour of state 

The past 45 years have shown us how 
many sacrifices the American nation 
has made to protect freedom. The 
heroic struggle of the American armed 
forces in the Pacific theatre and their 
dynamic contribution to the battle for 
Europe saved western civilization from 
the plague of Nazism and ensured the 
success of the Allied campaigns. 

In the 1950s the United States bore 
the principal burden of a difficult war 
in Korea and as a result preserved an 
independent South Korean state, 
whose current essential prosperity is 
due both to American investment and 
to continued US protection from the 
aggressive stance of North Korea. 

From 1 960 to 1970 the United States 
fought a courageous campaign against 
the barefaced aggression of a com- 
munist totalitarian state — North Viet- 
nam. Unfortunately, due to the 
influence of those same defeatist and 

by Stepan T Karatayev 

“progressive" dements now con- 
demning America for her action against 
Libya, the United States was forced to 
abandon this region. Consequently, 
independent states — the Republic of 
South Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos — 
fell under ihe Communist yoke. 

In the past 10 years only American 
diplomatic, economic and military 
assistance has preserved outposts of 
moderation in the Middle .East. The 
vigilance of the United States is 
preventing the spread of totalitarianism 
in Africa and Central America. • 

The American military presence, 
guarantees the freedom, democratic 
government and national indepen- 
dence of all the countries of Western 
Europe. These include countries which 
deny the right of American aircraft to 
overfly them: countries which declare 
themselves to be “nuclear-free”, those 
which do not wish to make a proper 
financial contribution to the defence of 
Europe; and even the so-called neutrals. 

And now America, supportedby only 
one brave nation. Great Britain, has 
taken the courageous course of resolute 
and practical combat with international 
terrorism, sending out a timely signal to 
all dictators and tyrants — above all to 
the terrorists's chief “rear support” 
country, the Soviet Union. 

Naturally the USSR is actively and 

cynically exploiting’ this situation. It 
sees it as an opportunity to foment anti- 
American and anti-British feeling in the . 
world and to create tension within the 
western alliance. Moscow knows per- 
fectly well what kind of leader Colonel 
Gadafii is. the nature of his regime and 
his personal involvement in inter- 
national terrorism. Nevertheless the 
Soviet Union publicly defends Libya, 
and has provided it with massive 
supplies of military equipment. Against 
this background, Soviet protestations 
that it seeks only to promote peace in 
the Middle East ring hollow! 

The time will come when tyrannical 
regimes will begin to disappear, 
passions will be spent and the nations 
of the world will appreciate the 
essential contribution made by the US., 
and Great Britain to the fight against 
aggression, state terrorism and inter- 
national lawlessness. ■ 

1 should like to believe that the truth 
about the motives of the American and 
British leaders will in time , reach the 
peoples of the USSR and prove to be 
one of the first steps in restoring Russia 
to the family of free, civilized nations. 
This is the dream of every Russian 

Stepan T Karatayev is the pseudonym of 
a Soviet political' historian visiting the 

George Graham finds privatization failing to sort out contract tangles 

One of the most alluring gains 
from pushing Britain's warship 
building yards into the private 
sector was surely the prospect that 
the Ministry of Defence could 
order ships on a straighfbrward 
commercial basis. The defence 
establishment urged to improve 
its procurement policy, must have 
dreamt that decisions would no 
longer be based on a mixture of 
short-term political necessity, re- 
gional policy and the financial 
interests of British Shipbuilders or 
its sponsoring Department of 
Trade and Industry. 

The members of Cabinet 
committee E now know that the 
prospect was only a dream. Late 
last week they thrashed out yet 
again the arguments over who will 
get the £240 million order for the 
first two of a new class of auxiliary 
oil replenishment vessels (AORs); 
they must now be well aware that 
the process of moving from public 
to private makes decisions even 
more complex. In this tricky 
instance the transfer is in- 
complete — newly privatized 
Swan Hunter is competing with. a 
consortium led by state-owned 
Hariand and Wolff. But even 
when the transfer is complete, 
naval orders are likely to remain 
more rather, than less subject to 
political lobbying than in the days 
of the nationalized industry. 

In theory, there was competitive 
naval tendering by yards within 
British Shipbuilders even before 
the main war-shipbuilding yards 
were privatized. But in some 
there mis 
(as for 

MoD would negotiate a contract 
with one ya/d without tendering. 
In practice. British Shipbuilders, 
as the parent company, would 
naturally attempt to share out the 
orders to prevent yards being 
without work and losing jobs. This 
process became more important 
than ever when the decision had 
been made to sell the warship 
yards. Marginally viable yards 
such as Swan Hunter and 
Cammell Laird needed contracts 
to help them into the private 
sector, if necessary at the expense 
of traditionally profitable yards 
such as Yarrow or Vosper 
Thom ey croft. 

The so-called composite yards 
that have traditionally built both 
merchant and naval vessels have 
pushed harder into naval business 
io counteract the continuing 
dearth of merchant ordeis. Swan 
Hunter, one of the country's 
biggest yards, fetched only £5 
million when it was sold to 
managers early this year on special 
terms — even with the strong 
prospect if not the promise of 
AOR orders. Managers and City 
investors have made it clear that 
they would not have put in a 
penny if they had thought the 
orders were in doubt For the 
appeal of the company was a 
design -based specialization in na- 
val support vessels that could be 
exported. Swan says its design 
team could not survive the loss of 
the AOR battle. 

Before privatization, there 
could at least be a clear separation 
of Whitehall's powers. The MoD 
awards the contract on the basis of 
tenders. It is up to the sponsoring 

Why the yards 

to Whitehall 

department — normally the DTI 
but in Hariands case the Northern 
Ireland Office — to worry about 
any subsidies. 

Given Cabinet politics, il did 
not always work out that way. In 
January last year, for example. 
Michael Heseltine as defence sec- 
retary pushed one of the last two 
orders for later-model Type 22 
frigates to Cammed Laird, a 
positive move by the champion of 
Merseyside to save the yard from 
closure. Economy would have 
dictated that both orders, rather 
than just the other one. went to 
Swan Hunter on Tyneside. To 
make up for this, the MoD agreed 
to negotiate the order for the 
second Type 23 frigate with Swan 
Hunter although Yarrow, which 
had built the first Type 23, was 
anxious to tender. Those negotia- 
tions are still on. 

Clearly, this sort of mess could 
not survive privatization. One of 
the terms of sales, crucially in the 
case of Swan Hunter, was that the 
DTI would protect the yard from 
subsidized competing tenders 
from state yards, notably Hariand 
and Wolff. 

Enter the Northern Ireland 
Office. Tom King's men even- 
tually went along with the no- 
subsidy policy, confining 
subsidies to HariancTs merchant 
shipping business. When Swan's 
confident managers suspected that 
Hariand had submitted a lower 
tender than Swan Hunter’s second 
attempt, let alone its first, they 
reasoned that lair competition was 
not simply a matter of avoiding 
specific subsidies on specific or- 

ders. It runs deeper. If a company 
has the general - support of tbe 
taxpayer and the taxpayer is 
prepared to fund continuing 
losses, management's attitude to 
drawing up individual tenders 
must be affected by what amounts 
to a general subsidy. 

This applies parti cularty to a 
high-risk order such as the first of 
a new class of vessel of untried 
design. How can you allow for tbe 
different subjective assessment of 
risk by a company ultimately 
backed by the Exchequer and one 
that rests on a slender capital put 
together by its managers? Since a 
decision on the AOR order was 
put off. Treasury re fe re es have 
reworked the figures to look for 
hidden Hariand subsidies not 
found the first time round. 

There can be no unambiguous 
conclusion, however, since the 
general subsidy argument is essen- 
tially ideological Nor is the 
argument ail on one side. British 
Shipbuilders is still paying to 
complete some capital spending at 
Swan Hunter and would bear tbe 
cost of limited redundancies. And 
in this case Hariand is the leader 
of a consortium of otherwise 
private enterprise companies. 
Yarrow, now owned by the GEC, 
will account for some 30 per cent 
of the work. 

The essential problem, in any 
case, stems from an earlier lack of 
unity in government industrial 
policy — a problem likely to be 
duplicated in a private warship 
building industry. Since the 
Northern Ireland Office rather 
than the DTI sponsors Hariand & 

Wolff it backed tbe plan for this 
base of Belfast's economy to 
diversify into naval vessels after a 
16-year absence from the market 
The chairman John Parker’s 
remarkable transformation of tbe 
yard could not survive an absence 
of orders. Before tbe collapse 'of oil 
prices few expected any ’ early 
upsurge of orders for the big 
merchant ships Hariand' s facil- 
ities were designed to build. . 

Unfortunately, when everyone 
moves into the naval market there 
is likely to be excess capacity there 
too. The survival of- Cammell 
Laird itself made life harder for 
others. The warship yards have 
been buoyed up by orders to 
replace losses in the South At- 
lantic war. They will not flow for 
ever. Tbe next big order, due to be 
awarded in June, is for the third 
and fourth Type 2J frigates. 
Yarrow, Vosper-Thorneycroft. the 
Cammell Laird arm of Vickers 
Cammell and Swan Hunter are all 
in the race. 

Unless private sector politics 
are to determine this next order 
too. the Cabinet committee there- 
fore had the stark arid unwelcome 
task of deciding whether 2,000 
workers on Tyneside or a similar 
number in Belfast were likely to 
lose their jobs. 

Any government's instinct in 
such a nasty corner is to com- 
promise and spread the misery by 
splitting the orders. -This solution 
would be even more uneconomic 
than usual since the AOR tenders 
are for designing and building, and 
the two contenders have submit- 
ted different designs for the MoD 
specification. (Swan Hunter now 
suggests the order could be split 
provided it is to its design). In die 
absence of a satisfactory political 
solution, exasperation may have 
driven Whitehall back to its 
principles: that die Ministry of 
Defence should make a commer- 
cial judgement of the value for 
money offered by the fully ad- 
justed, folly vetted rival tenders, 
e result will inevitably, be seen 
than of Solomon. 

A foundation for Spanish democracy 

The reign of King Juan Carlos of 
Spain is a rare and remarkable 
modem political success story. In 
1975. the King inherited Franco's 
dictatorial powers, but — by app- 
ointing an unexpectedly reforming 
prime minister. Adolfo Suarez, 
and by allowing a democratically 
elected constituent assembly to 
draw up a new constitution — 
these immense powers were trans- 
ferred to a government account- 
able to an elected legislative 
assembly (die Cones), thus creat- 
ing a constitutional monarchy. A 
process which look 300 years in 
Britain was accomplished by 
Spain in three yeans. 

The King remains Commander- 
in-chief of the armed forces, and 
as such played an important role 
on February 23, 1981. when the 
Cones was taken over by a group 
of Civil Guards. Many of the 
participants in the coup believed 
the King would support them. 
They were wrong and the demo- 
cratic constitution was Saved. 
From that moment the King 
became die most popular political 
figure in Spain. 

Relations between Britain and 
Spain were close during the Penin- 
sular War but have not been 
particularly so since then. Gibral- 
tar has always been a bone of 
contention, but a regular and 
constructive dialogue is now un- 
der way. The border, closed by 
Franco in 1969. is now open, 
benefiting both the Gibraltarians 
an d the Spaniards living in the 

The remarkable achievement of 
Spain and her King is that since 
the death of Franco the Country 
has been completely transformed 
from a military dictatorship to a 
parliamentary democracy with 
complete freedom of the Press, 
powerful trade unions, almost 
continuous elections at local, re- 
gional or national level and a 
contemporary culture similar to 
that in other European countries. 
The Socialist government of 
Felipe Gonzalez, which so wisely 
learned many lessons from the 
initial excesses of the French 
Socialist government, has been 
moderate and will probably win 
the general election this year. 

The weakness in the Spanish 
political -system is the fragmenta- 
tion of the centre-right parties. 
The main opposition party, the 
conservative Alianza Popular, 
won about 25 per cent of the vote 
last time and polls suggest that it 
will stick at about this leveL Its 
leader. Manuel Fraga, is much 
respected, but other leading fig- 
ures of the opposition — including 
former prime ministers Adolfo 
Suarez and Leopoldo CaJvo 
Sotelo, as well as Miguel Roca, the 
charismatic Catalan — have not 
been prepared to unite under his 

The result is that the Socialists 
have two-thirds of the seats in 
Parliament and completely dorm- 
nate all aspects of political life. It 
is too easy for them, which could 
be a danger for the futurtThis 
year's general election will be held 
in June. The next one will be in 
1990. by which time Fraga will be 
67 and may well have retired. This 
could cause a regrouping on the 
centre-right. Democracy in Spain 
has created a generation of poli- 

ticians now in their forties who 
will ensure a continuity of the 
present brand of moderate par- 
liamentary politics. 

At the same time, the mon- 
archy's position is secure. At a 
ceremony in the Cortes two 
months ago the King's son. Prince 
Felipe. Prince of Asturias, was 
sworn in as heir to the throne. 
Most Spaniards would find it 
inconceivable that they might 
return to an authoritarian system 
ofleft or right- and they know that 
the King would oeverallow this to 

. Britain , welcomes a man who. 
although only 48. has brought 
Spain into the fold of Western 
Europe, who has steered a poten- 
tially violent country into a lagoon 
of comparative calm and- has 
earned the respect trust and 
affection of all the Spanish people. 

Lord Dour o 

The author is MEP for Surrey 
West and fanner chairman of the 
all-party Committee of the Euro- 
pean Parliament dealing with 
Spanish accession to the EEC, 

4 , 

Roger Scruton 

In colourful pages. David Lodge 
and Malcolm Bradbury have in- 
troduced us to some of the fauna 
of the modem university. One 
character, however, seems to have 
escaped their, attention, even 
though he .occupies the highest 
citadels of influence and even 
though he has for many years 
determined the temper, tne man- 
ners and the doctrine which bring 
preferment in the academic world. 
This character is the Sneering Don 
who, with one foot; m Oxbridge 
and foe other in fashionable 
Londcm. holds himself to be' so far 
above the world of human com- 
merce as to be uniquely qualified 
to cast judgement oh iL . 

On foe whole it is from foe tribe 
of Sneering' Dons that advisers, 
trustees and royal commissioners 
are chosen, 'and anyone who is 
concerned to understand foe Brit- 
ish establishment would do well to 

take an interest in this character 
who has done so much to create its 
outlooKand its tone. 

No special accomplishment is 
required in the aspiring SD. While 
foe tribe includes distinguished 
thinkers, the majority, like Ronald 
Dworirin, owe their reputation to 
a handful of clever articles or a 
safes of slick reviews. To join this 
privileged class you need only 
three things an Oxbridge fellow- 
ship, a supercilious manner and 
what Richard Wollheim once 
admiringly called a "robust re- 
spect for fashion". Armed ‘with 
these gifts, foe novice can begin 
the long ascent of Mount Bfen 
Pensant. to be received at last into 
the liberal establishment, and 
there be garlanded with fashion's 

The novice's first task is to find, 
m the immediate circumstances of 
his college, something old and 
venerabfethat he might destroy. If 
be is lucky enough to belong to a 
single-sex college be can campaign 
for the admission of women (or, as 
foe case may be. of men), an 
activity which sharpens foe tongufe 
and tbe sentiments of foe incipient 
sneerer more effectively than al- 
most any other. Alternatively he 
can fight for the disestablishment 
of foe college chapel or .for foe 
installation of contraceptive ma- 
chines . in foe junior common 

All those causes prove 
admirably efficient in winning foe 
respect of established sneerers. 
Equally advantageous are the 
ceremonies of hall — gowns, Latin 
grade, high table ana foe like — 
which can be swept away in a 
moment- and which offer the 
spectacle of a ruined culture trying 
vainly to stand against the winds 
of social change. 

The- SD.may graduate from 
these innocent pastimes to. more 
serious-pursuits. He may work for 
"disinvestment" in South Africa, 
for new courses in "women's 
studies", for foe abolition of 
theology. However, while his 
causes should be fashionable and 
egalitarian, he-must not be seen to 
be advancing them. His whole 
posture as an aspiring member of 
foe establishment requires him to 
retain' judicious and didactic re- 
serve, and he must step into the 
debate only ax foe last-minute, 
appearing to bring order and 

reason wberefocrebad previ ously 
been passion and disarm. In 
particular foe SD must wait for foe 
conservative to speak before step- 
ping off the fence. '• ' . 

Once someone has spoken a 
foe conservative, interest, iwwf 
ever, a peculiar transformation 
can be witnessed. Whatever the 
subject of debaiev foe SD will at 
once discard his even -min ded 
posture and -search 1 the room for 
fellow members of his tribe. Th« 
begins foal peculiar' game of 
winks, snorts^ giggles a nd -foe 
passing of notes (each one greeted 
with a further escalation inhilar- 
ity), whereby .an atmosphere of 
irrepressible mockery is .engen- 
dered. Soon all opposraon col- 
lapses in disorder, and radical 
proposals are adopted as foe 
distillation of donnish sobriety 
and mature social.concern. - 

In order to. maintain his pen 
sition, the SD should never bge 
trapped into defining his own 
opinions. He should .rather entice 
outers to attribute to him ihe 
radical attitudes that be favours, 
so foai he can at once repudiate 
them, withanair of ast on is hng nt 
that anyone should be so naive, so 
simple-minded, so McCarthyite (a 
favourite expression) as to accuse 
him of a subversive aitn.. 

His posture is that not of an 
advocate foil of a judge, and if he 
seems to come down on foe ride of 
the radical this is only because foe 
conservative, has made himself 
ridiculous in expressing his anti- 
quated doctrines.. . . , . - 

In this way/lheSD ensures pOl \ 
only foe moral triumph of foe' 
liberal conscience but also- foe 1 
material triumph of foe radical 1 
causes towardswhich he retains so [ 
fastidious a detachment. Oxford 
may be foe home . of lost causes, - 
but this is only because lostcauses 
are so useful an embellishment to 
the reservoir of received ideas. - 

The position occupied by the 
SD is .intellectually and socially 
safe. Provided that foe chain of 
mockery -is maintained: each new 
aspirant may - depend upon its 
support. Nothing -is required- qf 
him besides a negative confer? 
mity — a refusal ■" to shake foe 
fence. Indeed..h is foe remarkable 
achievement of Oxbridge to have 
created a’ kind of negative 
establishment, a network which 
spreads thro ugh the upper ranksof 
university life, through tire mediaC 
and foe professions, and through 
the sycophantic society of fashion- 
able London. This establishment 
coheres at once in opposition to 
every conservative proposal, and 
to challenge it is immensely 
dangerous, unless you challenge it 
from -foe position that H secretly 
advances — that offoe radical left. 

Some m easure of its power can 
be gathered from the' "late of 
F.R. Leavis, perhaps foe greatest 
graius toebine but -of Cambridge 
since Russell, who was denied -au 
promotion, once he had exposed 
foe spiritual, emptiness of those 
who controlled his career. But the 
punishment of Leavjs is only one 
small example of a continuous 
process, whereby, modem British 
society- has been founded on the- 
priesthood of unbelievers. ' ' 

The author - is editor of . the 
Salisbury Review. - ... 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

for crying on 

Am I foe Only person who has 
noticed that what 'goes . along 
motorways is very different from 
what goes over them? 

We all know what goes along 
motorways. Lorries and coaches, 
men with suits banging up in their 
company cars, and married cou- 
ples sticking to foe middle lane no 
matter what overtakes them on 
either side. Police cars going at 70 
mpb. causing terrible jams behind 
them. A juggernaut taking ten 
minutes to. overtake another 
juggernaut. The car you passed in 
-Ealing passing you again in Avon. 

But what goes over the bridges 
is from another world. Often, 
when I glance iip at the B road or 
fane on the bridge which is about 
to cut out radio reception for 10 
seconds. I see men clip-dopping 
across bn horses, or girls. riding 
ponies Sometimes I see. cyclists, 
alone or in groups. At other times 
it is old people out walking their 
dogs and once, recently, I was 
.privileged to see a whole herd of 
crows crossing the M4. Down on 
foe' motorway it is the 20th 
Century in full flood: up there on 
foe bridges it is foe 19th, appar- 
ently unaware of the invention of 
the infernal combustion engine. 

The fan that they are seen in 
silhouette makes this parade of 
rural life all foe more attractive, 
like the three Chinese .girls going 
across foe bridge in the willow, 
pattern design. And they seem to 
know how picturesque they are, 
too. They amble across, like lost 
extras from Lark Rise to 
Candleford. slowly, slowly, so that 
we down here will get a pang of 
longing for the lost world of 
innocence up there. 

- The point is that motorway 
bridges have more than their feu- 
share .of rural fifei I drive down 
country lanes , as welL and it’s 
months since 1 raw. a horseman 
dip-clopping along or a herd of 
cows, but every time I set off along 
a motorway I know that -I am 
going to see one or the other, up 
there on a bridge. It is almost as if 
they were bit-part players sent out 
by the drama department of tbe 
British Tourist Authority. 

Perhaps that's what n is. Per- 

haps this is part of -a determined 
drive by foe tourist people to, get 
people off foe motorway and into 
the countryside. At break -of dawitv 
maybe, foe horsemen and cyclists 
and shepherds are distributed by ■- 
van round the country and given 
stria orders to cross and recross 
bridges all day long. "Just amble 
across," they are told, "and then 
amble back again, and then go 
back again; and have a -break for 
lunch. Haveapicnicon tire bridge* 

if you feel up to it." - 

And perhaps they are foe same 
people who train .those birds of 
prey which are such a feature of 
motorway margins, hovering, 
fluttering menacingly besides fob 
-road prior toapounce'tt&cA never 
comes. You must have seen-foeinv 
Have they too. been given their 
.-instructions ? “All .righv buzzards 
or kestrels', or' whatever you are; 
you’re on ihe\M6 today. 9-S. We s 
want you to flutter menacingly 
over foe hard shoulder,' tbe old 
vulture routine.' BW don’r tandon 
the road. Leave thatto-the rooks:" 

‘ Maybe foe same .department is 
planning a few publications , as 
well. The Oxford Book of Motor- 
way. Verse would seem to be a 

The car queue hoots the kneU of 

* arting day. '' V • 
’■towing herd winds slowly 
o'er tnebridge. . • i 

The salesman homeward 
grinds his weary way. 

But knows his flipper's 'safely 
. in the fridge. : ■ 

Or how about . f 

My heart leaps .up when t espy : 
The exit sign ahead: L ■ ' 3 

So was it when wefirst passed 
• . Slough : . 

So is it, crawling: past Bath 

• turn, -- 

. - So be it nearipg.Ros&pn- Wyg 
And home. to bed* '' ’ [ 

■ Yes. I belieye thereJs'a greaf 
deal more to tins strange woriff 
upstairs from foe motorway, this 
world that appears for a moment « 
silhouetted and then passes ovezi 7 
leaving ys going aiongfofntflessi jf 
like a trail of ants. If you know' foe 
answer to foe mysipry, please 
don t write. '.and teH me, I would 
prefer it to remain a mystery.'"-'^ 

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. b 

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-.ft is a striking feet- that 
uftteugfi the tea thirty year* 
^^beffl.vt^aracterised by 
s^cejpipgr^iid ■ 1 ppotniscno u$ 
crrctctssmi; brysOmpst every 
HjeiE Js no serums republican 
movement, jin-gthis country. 
That most^atavistic and mys- 
■ -tkaJ/^yfpolitical- institutions, 

die Monarchy, has survived 
^nd pfospered when around it 
more selfKXjnsciously modem 
bodies wer^; succumbing to 
cntic&f attack. ._■■;• 

; ;Nb : doiitrt an an thropologist 
would ocptebi. this surprising 
succ^tnt tenns.of the un- 
amscious" mythology of the 
Wifisfc" people^ Here is- ; an 
insu'tqtibn with'Toots deep in 
the national, just, which ap- 
peals to Ms Qo grounds which 
tri apiphantly override the 
everyday imperatives of cost- 
benefit analysis. --We ate 
moved: by 'it Without fully 
un’cferstandmgwfay ^ 

- . While that might explain 
something of the appeal of the 
British monarchy* it does not 
account ; for the jact of its 
universal popularity. ■ The 
monarchy, after all, has not 
ahyay$ been - popular. Queen 
- Victmia was ./dw focus of 
*equalfy instinctive emotions. 
For much of her reign, how-' 
ever; she was faded by A strong 
republican- movement . which 
was often scurrilous in its 
opposition to- her.By contrast. 
Queen Elizabeth- the . Second 

enjoys unparalleled affection 

andrespect from her 'subjects. 

This contrast seems att the 
more remarkable when we 
compare the histories of the 
. two, reigns; ‘ Queen -Victoria 
presidedover a. country which, 
already: a great industrial 
power, rose to be the greatest 
empire the world had seen. 
Our present Queen, despite the 
early hopes of a “New Elizabe- 
than Age” 'that would rival the 
first, has Witnessed /the slow 
economic decline ofthe nation 
and its steady withdrawal from 
a leading world role. 

Such a reversal might have 
been expected to damage — 
however unfairly — the reputa- 
tion of the Monarch who 
reigned over. it. Instead there 
is less criticism of the mon- 
archy today, when the Queen 
celebrates her sixtieth birthday- 
after. thirty-four years on the 
throne, than she faced in the 
early years of her reign when 
she was piously urged to pay 
less attention to racing and 
more to opera. 

An important reason for this 
change is that no-one now 
seriously doubts • the 
Monarch’s political: impartial- 
ity. One of the most impres- 
sive features of the last week’s 
celebrations has been the pro- 
cession of former Prime Min- 
isters who. have testified with 
warm admiration to - Her 
Majesty’s combination of 
sagacity, experience and de- 


The ..- British ■. government 
took upon itself political 
opprateitim- last week by its 
approval of the Use bf Ameri- 
can bases iri Britain lor the 
Libyan strikes. If offended, the 
polls said* a Wide swathe of 
British.piibfic opinion. Is it not 
Jme for the government of the 
^touted Stales to pay a debt? 

This, may not be language 
considered ' polite iiv dip- 
lomatic rindesJ Bin. it. is -talk - 
die American people under- 
stand. ; : ; 

Before:, the; United States ■ 
Senate miswadC«jatificatiod. 
oftincatyamendirieBts ifflrtlfe' ; 
effect rof forfnd^ng fbptives 
from; UnitedKinglom justice 
to claim in their/ defence that 
their crime -was. : somehow, 
political- As it stands Ameri- 
can law ; t damages sound - 
administration in Northern 
Ireland and ^offends Against 
justice rathe United Kingdom 
at large , American legislators 
4|ihouid observe die norm .of 
redprqcityAnd change it . The 
British government should try. 
directlyco influence 4hem. 

The government of the. 
United States speaks with' 
several voices. OneT»longs to 
the Democratic minority of 
the Senate Foreign Relations 
Committee: It has bottled up 
the treaty for reasons partly 
procedural wants to secure 
the eariy passage of an Irish 
financial aid bill), partly prin- 
cipled, and partly electoral. , 

.There are in the Senate, and 
not only among the Demo- 
crats, politicians - who are de- 
^vewt believers in the twentieth 
century .doctrine, that homi- 

cide is not murder provided it 
is carried out in the right spirit 
For some le&slators With Irish- 
American constituencies the 
right spirit is intent to unify 
Ireland under the flag ierf 
revolutionary nationalism. 
American courts, fiercely 
proud of their prerogatives, 
have bought such exculpation 
for terrorists, too. 

. Applications by Mrs 
Thatcher to the White House 
are going to be of limited 
worth — and not betause. of 
any .ambiguity on Jhe 
President’s pan . concerning 
Irsh terrorism- President-Bea- 
pis has pushwl the amende 
meats, . through.- ;. : His 
administration has. deployed 
the federal authorities against 
gun-running and tax evasion 
by- American supporters of the 
IRA; theP Federal Bureau of 
Investigation has been es- 
pecially active. 

But the political fact is that 
. the PresidentcannOt guarantee 
Congressional outcomes and 
the White House has only a 
limited amount of capital to 
mtpend in its dealings with 
CapitoI HilC : 

The Foreign Office’s . in- 
stincts might be to take an 
elevated tone. -It would 
emphasize commonality of in- 
terest among democratic soci- 
eties against terrorists who 
reject the very basis of politics. 

Along this high road there 
would be presented to the 
Americans evidence men- 
tioned by Mr Tom King over 
the weekend that the greenery 
of Irish nationalism has been 
tainted by the green of Islamic 

crusade against’ the West 
Gaddafi has through his 
money and armaments supply 
been an actor in Ulster, and 
Americans should be told , the 
company that Noraid keeps. 
The Ihnvjsionai IRA is 
according to any of the salient 
definitions a fomenter of 
revolution. anti-American in 
most of its reflexes. These 
points are all sound and well 
worth putting again to the 
American public. But they are 
not what is required. ; 

.' -The British in .Washington 
have in the past tended to be 
father gentlemanly about the 
issue of : Ireland, relying on 
formal testimony and genteel 
lobbying on the cocktail cir- 
cuit The time has come for Sir 
Oliver Wright to take a lesson 
from the -book written by 
America’s other allies and 
engage full bloodedly in the 
round of high pressure 

Capitol Hill is a circus of 
competing interests, but one 
uniquely open to suasion by 
appeals to the constituents. 
Mrs Thatcher's credit with the 
people of the United States is 
at an all time -high; the 
government could do worse 
than employ some Madison 
Avenue skills in putting over 
the British case. 

One can feel Foreign Office 
sensibilities freeze at the pros- 
pect But this is the time for 
action. Let it be simply put to 
the voters in the states who 
alone can bring the pro-IRA 
senators to book: you owe us 

Most professional journal- 
,.„s ists mb Britain belong to the 
National Union o£J oumalists, 
tiC" an organization recognized by 

— ■ ** most employers of journalists, 
v including The Times. It is 

i- therefore important to the 

. health/ of-the new^japer in-. 

. i dustry as wed as for freedom 

• i. of speech ami democracy gen- 

" y era fly -- that the NUJ should 

Ifehave'both sensibly and in a 
* - 1 7 ^ way that corresponds broadly 
. & ^ to the wishes and interests of 
its members! 

' . Joq mali fls traditionally ex- 

r cuse the ocaaskxruti ideological 

2 eccentricities of the umop'J 

w elected leadership. . Provided 

T; these reSfesi^shows .and 

. do not. intrude too much into 

the real business of represent- 
ihg membe^s , interests over 
pay and oonditioas, a worx- 
y* a We compact' exists between 

,v 1 the union and its members. 

* J , ^ Baj wht!n Uk NUJ starts 
“ ^ hnitating lhe ' wilder excesses 
* of Mr Livingstone's GLC this 

_ > licence given to. the. unions 

leaders! begins .to- look if- 
... re^KjKiWe- . 

That fine had already bffin 
* r crossed in recent months by 

the NUJV campaign against 
^ this newsp^er and 1 others 

.. * published by News Inter- 

V nationaI:as Wappiug- Only a 

smaH~s£eribn of the indusuy 
«^as ficen affected and most 
i* ■ jwbmIbis’ • kivft jjo direct 

t . union’s at 

> 08S»aie dtet this same ack- 

; nesshasoti^r symptoms. NUJ 

members will be offended that 
the organization which is sup- 
pxjsed io represent their views 
decided to send, in their name, 
a message of aid and comfort 
to the President of Libya. 
Since it was done by way of a 
last-minute emergency, resolu- 
tion, no such proposal was 
ever debated by the union’s 
constituent branches when 
they prepared for the' annual 

In the . same spun, the 
conference tackled Wapping. 
Some 90 per cent of the NUTs 
membership on the four titles 
concerned have disobeyed the 
executive’s instruction not to 
work at Wapping. Annual 
conference delegates, dis- 
regardmg the obvious point 
that there must have been 
something wrong with foe 
instruction for it to have had 
so little effect, voted for strong 

disripfine. . ‘ 

The National Union • of 
Journalists was ' m crisis 
enough without afi fois. Pnor 
to its dispute with itsoou 
Wapping members^ _ it faced & 

rebellion by jouni^ists on The 

London Stondam ^ who ■ jg- 
iected to foe high-handgi 
treatment of theuchapelfa- 
foer bv foe union’s nanonal 
«ecutive.{He refused to ito; 
^fydiapel members whohjd 
Written headlines to which foe 




No one sensitive to _ press 
freedom, which the NUJ is 
pledged to uphold, can be 
happy with its attempt to 
organize a boycott of News 
International’s four tides. To 
try to deprive a newspaper of 
information, and to obstruct 
the public reading it is censor- 

Absurdly, members of foe 
NUJ on those four titles have 
had to spend much of their 
time . outwitting the efforts of 
NUJ members working in 
politics, advertising and public 
relations to prevent them get- 
ting stories. 

Where the boycott has been 
observed with any seriousness 
- by trades unions and regret- 
tably by the Labour Party — it 
has proved a self-inflicted 
wound. The NUJ, for instance, 
will voluntarily deprive itself 
of an opportunity to reply to 
this comment on its affairs. 

To lead journalists through 
foe technological revolution 
now begun/with their interests 
protected and enhanced, de- 
mands pragmatic and astute 
leadership, with a steady eye 
on the fiiture. a realistic under- 
standing of foe dangers and 
possibilities, and a genuine press freedom. 
In particular, the interests of 
journalists will not always 
coincide with those of foe print 
unions. The NUJ needs to 
recognize before it is too late 
that the forces unleashed in foe 
industry now are quite strong 
enough to tear it apart, even 
without foe ideological irrele- 
vancies. . ** 


tached advice in matters of 
state. Should she be called 
upon to exercise the Royal 
prerogative in the conditions 
of a hung Parliament she will 
do so against a background of 
public confidence in this as- 
pect of foe Monarchy’s 
constitutional role. 

The Monarchy has also 
followed social changes with 
just about foe right degree of 
delay. If is never cur- 
mudgeonly old-fashioned and 
never damagingly attached to 
foe latest fashion. 

But these delicate successes 
are inseparable from ' the 
personality and character of 
foe Monarch. It is true that foe 
operation of Monarchy does 
not in theory depend on foe 
Monarch being a virtuous or 
capable person. A system that 
rests on inheritance cannot be 
assured of that. But when the 
Monarch has great, if under- 
stated* virtues, that gives mon- 
archy the popular respect 
which makes its constitutional 
role that much more secure 
and reliable. 

On her sixtieth birthday, foe 
Queen and her family can look 
about her and see that she has 
achieved both high popular 
regard at home and the respect 
of nations abroad. She herself 
is the reason fqr the 
Monarchy's astonishing suc- 
cess. She deserved the very 
happiest of birthdays. 

Terrorism and 
Libya raid 

From Sir Geoffrey Jackson 
Sir, Sir Reginald Hibbert's use of 
the phrase “punitive expeditions" 
makes his leuer (April 19) one of 
the most sensible contributions 
yet to the great Gadaffi debate. 
Many of the others have been 
vitiated by imprecise use of the 
word “terrorism", a crime all too 
familiar now but not provided for 
when article 51 of the United 
Nations Charter was drafted. It 
has a specifically abhorrent qual- 
ity which is diluted by such 
inventions as “state” or 
“institutional” ter ro rism. 

' The profound moral evil of 
terrorism is that it is an intensely 
personal crime committed quite 
impersonally. Its essence is in its 
debasement of the individual, in 
the contempt of the terrorist for 
his victim, in his violation of the 
integrity ofhis victim. That victim 
has committed no crime, has not 
been lawfully tried, yet has been 
unjustly imprisoned, "executed", 
or both. 

1 have come to the considered 
definition that a terrorist is one 
who seeks to impose the wiD of foe 
minority on the majority by 
random violence via the innocent. 
There are many other definitions, 
but this cap fits all the heads— not 
excluding certain governments. 

War, punitive expeditions, the 
violent overthrow of tyrants — all 
these are harsh and Mood-stained 
operations. But they are not 
terrorism by any definition, let 
alone my own. To blor^foat 
definition diminishes the horror 
of a particularly inhuman and 
arrogant category of crime, and 
debases the coinage of public 
morality. It midges the spotlight of 
outrage from a new but growing 
threat, letting it melt into the 
background of the all too 

Nor does it do justice to the 
memory of the many terrorist 
victims of recent years and, in 
recent days, those who died most 
cruelly in Greek airspace and the 
mountains of Lebanon. 

Yours faithfully, 

63BCadogan Square, SW1. 

April 19. 

Passing of GLC 

From Mr Hugh Dykes. MP for 
Harrow East (Conservative) 

Sir, Many ’ sane observers - will 
agree with Robert Mitchell's sad 
realism at the demise of the GLC 
(your April 8 edition). As time 
goes on more w ill be able to 
measure the unwisdom and politi- 
cal unwholesomeness of this de- 

Moreover, its history still in- 
censes thousands of decent Tories; 
for it was a decision conceived 
exclusively out of political ill- 
temper. never submitted to the 
normal outside constitutional en- 
quiries, and never properly dis- 
cussed in Cabinet It also came 
several years after the then Tory 
leaders at County Hall were 
assured (after the Marshall en- 
quiry) that the GLC was a jewel in 
the crown. 

In those days, too. the propor- 
tion of funds spent on fringe 
groups was exactly the same as last 

The GLCs disappearance 
leaves us with extra spending, not 
less (except through an artificial 
transfer), a huge quango to inherit 
most of the functions, with a 
chairman receiving £50,000 a 
year, the County Hall Tories out 
in the cold: and the prospect of 
confusion between the boroughs 
throughout London. 

And it leaves us with a sinking 

1 am etc, 


House of Commons, 

April 8. 

Queen’s scholarships 

From Professor Afec Ross 
Sir, Your recent articles have 
reminded us of Her Majesty the 
Queen’s remarkable endeavours 
in and for the Commonwealth. 
Could we not fittingly mark this 
contribution by instituting a num- 
ber (one for each year of her life) of 
Queen’s scholarships to be 
awarded to Commonwealth stu- 
dents accepted for postgraduate 
study at British universities and 
polytechnics? Could we not also 
encourage some other Common- 
wealth countries to do the same? 
Yours faithfully. 


University of Lancaster. 
Department of Educational Re- 
search. Lancaster. 

Defence doctrines 

From Lord Chalfont 
Sir. Dr Hew Strachan is rather late 
on parade with bis stirring 
denunciation of the Strategic De- 
fence Initiative (feature. April 1 1). 
All his arguments have been 
deployed, and answered, many 
times in the past two years and it 
would be wearisome to cover this 
well trodden ground again. It is. 

A lawyer’s worth 

From Mr Bruno Marmorstein . 
Sir, On New Year’s Day 1 was 
called out by the police to advise a 
detained person pursuant to the 
Police and Criminal Evidence Ace 
1 submitted a daim on January 6. 1 
have just been informed that my 
fees have been assessed in the sum 

My plumber makes a “calling 
out" charge of £10. My medical 
consultant charges £40 for a 20 
minute check-up in his Harley 
Street chambers. Res ipsa loquitur! 
Yours truly; 


6 Park Drive, 

Golden Green, NWi I. 


The future of Herstmonceux 

From Professor P. B. Feilgett. FRS 
Sir, As someone who spent some 
twenty years as a professional 
astronomer before deciding that 
he could better serve the subject 
and science generally from outside 
astronomy, I have been disturbed 
and saddened both by the an- 
nounced plans for Herstmonceux 
and by the correspondence that 
has followed. Having a foot in 
each camp, I can appreciate both 
points of view and wish to plead 
for opportunity for a greater 
meeting of minds. 

Some aspects of the Royal 
Greenwich Observatory were al- 
ready obsolete at the time of its 
move to Herstmonceux. In 1964 1 
published a gloomy analysis of the 
usefulness of the Isaac Newton 
telescope on the Pevensey 

This earned me disapproval 
from the establishment at the 
lime, but the prophecies of doom 
have been largely fulfilled and 
have resulted in the removal of the 
Isaac Newton to a better climate, 
together with redesign of some of 
its less satisfactory features. 

Nevertheless, there are func- 
tions which can best be performed 
by a royal observatory and to 
which other institutions, and in 
particular university research 
departments, are not well suited. 

For example, the determination 
of Ephemeris time requires long- 
term development and observa- 
tional continuity and its 
importance has been enhanced by 
the arrival of atomic docks. Such 

Prisons dispute 

From the Chairman of the Howard 

Sir. You are surely correct to assert 
(leading artide, April 1 8) that the 
time has come for a reconsider- 
ation of penal policy. The present 
dispute between the Home Office 
and prison officers draws atten- 
tion to a prison system which is 
becoming increasingly out of con- 
trol with respect to rapidly escalat- 
ing numbers of people in prison 
and sharply deteriorating con- 

During the 1970s efforts to 
control prison population size 
kept the average rate of increase to 
0.8 per cent. Since 1979 the 
Government's “open door" pol- 
icy, as you aptly describe it, has 
produced an annual average in- 
crease of 1.4 per cent. Home 
Office projections, published last 
month, suggest that given existing 
policies the prison population 
could rise by as much as 2.7% per 
annum between I985and 1994. 

Instead of passively allowing 
the prison population to increase 
it is to be hoped that Mr Hurd will 

Sign of grief 

From the Director of the Marine 

Sir, The answer to Mr 
Blackmore's question (April 16) 
would appear to be “No". Com- 
mander Hilary Mead, who did his 
best to answer it in the 1930s, 
concluded that the “origin of the 
custom of half-masting flags is 
shrouded in obscurity". Com- 
mander W. N. T. Beckett, in his 
book. A Few Hava/ Customs. 
attributed the practice to a desire 
to make a ship look as slovenly as 
possible, just as mourners in some 
places make themselves untidy 
and dishevelled. 

Another suggestion is that the 
origin lies in the lowering of 
banners and standards by way of 
salute — half-masting is a salute to 
the dead. Hoisting the flag of the 
victor above the flag of the 

Alternative prayers 

From Mr Gordon Dennis 
Sir. If only the neglect of which 
Professor Basil Mitchell and oth- 
ers write (March 28) were con- 
fined to the Book of Common 

During a West Countiy holiday 
six months ago my wife and I 
visited an ancient church exhibit- 
ing in glass— lopped cases memo- 
rabilia from its six centuries' 

The last item, in the last case, 
was a calf— bound book. The 
descriptive card beside it read: 
“The King James Bible. Regularly 
used in this Church until 1 983". in 
every pew was an illustrated Good 
News Bible. 

Yours faithfully. 


Westminster College, 

North Hinksey, 


March 29. 

however, necessary to correct one 
of his assumptions and question 
one ofhis conclusions. 

The reason for the delay be- 
tween President Reagan's speech 
in 1 983 and the emergence of the 
debate into the public domain in 
the summer of 1984 is simpler 
than he seems to believe. In his 
speech the President directed “a 
comprehensive and intensive ef- 
fort to define a long-term research 
and development programme . . ." 

It was cot until some of the results 
of that effort became widely 
known or suspected that the 
public debate .began. Dr Strachan 
may not be aware that there had 
already been intensive discussion 
in official and scientific circles for 
several years. 

Il should, therefore, not nec- 
essarily be concluded that foe 
delay can be attributed to the 
feeble-mindedness of foose an- 
alysts who do not share Dr 
Strachan's strategic percipience. 
His brash assertion that “Strategic 
thought on both sides of the 
Atlantic is still dominated by foe 
idea of the late 1950s" suggests 
that his researches have been 

functions should be individually 
assessed and not swept into a 
piecemeal decision. 

Also, it is true that astronomy 
has its own peculiar genius, and it 
is not easy for those who are not 
astronomers to appreciate this 
quality or to recognise the needs 
which flow from il In particular, 
postwar policies in research have 
largely deuuded uiniversity 
departments of astronomy of the 
independent observational facil- 
ities which are essential if 
astronomical techniques are to 
develop and evolve. 

If Herstmonceux were to be 
removed without suitable replace- 
ments being found. British 
observational astronomy could 
well be condemned either to 
stagnate or to rely on ideas 
imported from more imaginative 

The extinction of Hersi- 
monceux would have far-reaching 
historical and scientific implica- 
tions. and 1 submit that it ought 
not to happen without a wider and 
more public debate than has so far 
taken place, and in which 
astromere as well as other mem- 
bers of foe scientific community 
would be folly involved. 

Yours faithfully. 


The University of Reading, 
Department of Cybernetics, 

3 Earley Gate, 




April 1 1. 

recognize that a ceiling should be 
placed on prison system size and 
that resources be diverted from 
the prison building programme to 
bring prison conditions up to 
minimum standards. 

In February, Mr Christopher 
Johnson (specialist adviser to the 
House of Commons Treasury and 
Civil Service Committee) wrote: 
The White Paper (on public expen- 
diture) assumes too uncritically that 
the aim of the Home Office is to 
provide prison places for as many 
convicts as the courts give custodial 
sentences to on present sentencing 

It is to be hoped that the 
forthcoming examination of penal 
policy by the House of Commons 
Home Affairs Committee will 
encourage foe Home Secretary to 
boldly set a new course, based on 
the proposition that custody is a 
scarce resource and to be used 
only as a last resort. 

Yours faithfully. 


The Howard League, 

322 Kennington Park Road. SE1 1. 
April 18. 

vanquished might seem a natural 
development from this and Death, 
as victor in this case, might be 
assumed to fly his flag above that 
ofhis victim. 

“The distance of the flag from 
the top of foe staff." wrote Mead, 
“just leaves sufficient space for the 
unseen device", which at least 
gives his view (different from that 
of foe Royal Navy and the 
National Maritime Museum if Mr 
Blackmore is right) about the 
position of the half-masted flag. 

At sea the mourning custom 
originally denoted the death of foe 
commander of foe ship and the 
Death-as- victor theory is certainly 
an attractive one. 

Yours faithfully, 

RONALD HOPE. Director, 

The Marine Society. 

202 Lambeth Road, SE1. 

April 16. 

Alliance and hunting 

From Councillor Peter Chegwvn 
Sir. You recently (April 8) primed 
a letter from the SDP Chief Whip. 
John Cartwright, stating that there 
is no formal Alliance policy on 

May I make it clear that the 
Liberal Party does have a policy to 
oppose ail hunting with hounds 
and organised hare coursing. 

This has been the official Lib- 
eral policy for four years now and 
is included in foe 1986 edition of 
These arc Liberal Policies, pub- 
lished by Liberal Party Publica- 

While the SDP may not. as yet. 
have official policies in this area, it 
would be wrong for people to 
assume the Liberal Party holds no 
view on the subject. 

Yours faithfully. 


116 High Street. 

Gosport. Hampshire. 

April 9. 

somewhat selective: while his 
account of the development of 
deterrence theory suggests that 
they have not been notably pro- 

Dr Strachan seems to belong to 
the “heads 1 win. tails you lose" 
school of disputation. He rightly 
criticises those who, in earlier 
times, produced weapon systems 
and then formulated strategic 
doctrines to rationalize them: but 
he goes on to condemn those who 
now’ seek to propound new strate- 
gic doctrines before constructing 
the means to implement them. 

Perhaps if he were to re-read 
President Reagan's speech care- 
fully — especially foe widely 
ignored passage on non-nuclear 
military strategy - he might 
incline to be a shade less dogmatic 
both in his prophecies and in his 
dismissal of those who do not 
subscribe to them. Having joined 
the column somewhat belatedly. 
Dr Strachan would be unwise to 
assume that he is the only one in 

Yours faithfully. 


House of Lords. 

April 11 

APRIL 22 1919 
In 1919 the RouilM 

to give the Government of In&a 
special powers to deal u>ith 
criminal conspiracies, iwere 

passed. The effect was to add to 
the unrest in a county crying. out 
far some measure of self ’rule. 
Disturbances grew violent ana in 
the Punjab wholesale noting, 
pillaging, arson and the murder of 
Britons took [dace. At Amritsar on 
April 13 about 6.000 people 

assembled and were met by a force 

of SO soldiers led by General Dyer. 
Thinking he was about lo be 

wounding 1J200. The Timea 
reported that SOO casualties 
occurred. Not until December, 
following a report by a committee 
investigating the disturbances and , 
the consequent dismissed of Dyer, 
did the paper learn the true facts 
of the tragedy. 


(From Our Own Correspondent). 

BOMBAY. April 18 (delayed). 

News is filtering through from 
Calcutta, bat there is not hin g later 
than Saturday (the 12th) after- 
noon. It shows that the disorders 
commenced on the Friday after- 
noon. when crowds of boys led by 
Goondas. who were obviously paid, 
forced the people to quit the trams 
and other vehicles and to walk. 
Later they robbed the tram con- 
ducto rs ■ . . 


The Punjab Government pub- 
lishes an official account of the 
events at Amritsar and Lahore. On 
the early morning of April 10 
orders under the Defence of India 
Act were served on Dr Saifuddin 
Kichlu and Satys Pal, two focal 
agitators whose speeches and ac- 
tivities during foe previous few 
weeks had combined to bring about 
a state of general unrest in 

They were removed by motor- 
car and train shortly before llami. 
The news of these arrests rapkfly 
spread through the city, and a large 
crowd, numbering possibly ten or 
twenty thousand, thereupon col- 
lected and endeavoured to rush the 
civil lines. In anticipation of 
possible trouble pickets had been 
posted at the railway over-bridge 
and the level crossing connecting 
the city with the lines. When they 
arrived at the over-bridge the 
demonstrators refused to obey 
orders to disperse or retire, and 
stones were thrown at the pickets. 
The District Magistrate gave or- 
ders to fire. The mob. thus defeated 
in its immediate object, turned 
bods towards the city and divided 
into two portions. One part, armed 
with wooden rails and similar 
weapons, attacked the railway 
statiom Part of the goods shed was 
burnt and a railway subordinate 
named Robinson, who attempted 
to check the advance of foe crowd, 
was murdered. The troops and 
police on foe spot succeeded, 
however, in preventing damage 
being done to the station itself! 
The other part of the mob attacked 
and burnt the Town Hall, bonks, 
and other buildings inside the city. 
With the exception of the murder 
of the three British bank officials 
nearly all the other Europeans in 
the city succeeded in evading the 

Smaller bodies of rioters broke 
away and endeavoured to destroy 
foe permanent way at various 
points. Military reinforcements 
arrived in Amritsar during the 
course of foe event, and by 
nightfall the mob was confined to 
foe limits of the city, which was 
practically surrounded. On foe 
following evening de t ach m e n ts of 
troops entered foe city itself and 
encountered no resistance. 

The total number killed among 
. the crowd is believed to have been 
between 20 and 30. 

My special correspondent sends 
an account of foe riots at Ahmed- 
abad. There bad been a good deal of 
labour unrest in this textile centre, 
where the mills are under Indian 
management, including the recent 
wages srike. On the news of Mr. 
Gandhi's detention reaching the 
city the shops closed on Thursday 
afternoon, and the unemployed 
mill hands paraded the town 
compelling open shops to dose and 
all persons driving in conveyances 
to walk. The demonstrations al- 
most immediately became anti- 
British. and two English mill 
experts were so roughly ha n dled 
that they were compelled to take 
refuge in some Indian flour mills. 
The mob brought petroleum, 
poured it over the woodwork, and 
set fire to and burnt the mills. As 
foe crowd refused to disperse 
aimed force was used, and an 
Indian constable was killed. 

In the evening the local passive 
resisters held a meeting urging 
orderliness, and continuance of 
work, but on Friday the mob of mill 
hands resumed their practice — 

Royal Voles’ 

From Mr R. M. Maxtone Graham 
Sir, Lowering the dignity of roy- 
alty by means of T-shirt por- 
traiture may not be a crime under 
English law (letter. April 12) but 
under good old Scots law it could 
have been punished as “leasing- 
making". Not so serious as treason 
or sedition, this crime involved 
any calumny against the Sovereign 
(or by extension, the royal family): 
and according to Hume’s Com- 
mentaries (1844 edition, voi i, 
p.350) it included not only the 
written word but also “vile and 
degrading songs or odious pictures 
and devices”. 

It was originally a capital of- 
fence. but after 1703 became 
punishable only by fine, imprison- 
ment and banishment. 

Youre faithfullv. 


6 Moat Sole. 



April 13. 













t i Windsor castle 

The Queen and The Duke of 




this rooming 

traded a Service of Tnanks- 
or Her Majesty's Sixtieth 
• r==— -jy at Si George's Chapel, 
t* Windsor. 

.Queen Elizabeth The 



fv. Mother, The Prince and^Prin- 
CccssofWales. Prince william of 
"JR** The Prince Andrew. The 
& Prince Edward, The Princess 
SAnnc, Mrs Mark Phillips and 
[Captain Mark Phillips. Master 
«*PWcr Phillips, Miss Zara Phil- 
JsSps. The Princess Margaret. 

Countess of Snowdon, Viscount 
KLinley.' Lady Sarah A rmstro ng- 
t 5 Jones, Princess Alice, Duchess 

Wales. Prince William ofWales. 
The Prince Andrew, The Prince 
Edward, The Princess Anne, 
Mis Mark Phillips and Captain 
Mark Phillips. Master Peter 
Phillips. Miss Zara Phillips and 
‘ " on returned 
Entrance of 
Windsor Castle in a Carriage 
Procession, accompanied by a 
Travelling Escort of the House- 
hold Cavalry, with Standard. 

The Prime Minister of 
Australia and Mrs Hawke had 
ihc honour of being received by 

Right Hon Sir William 
Hcselline and Major Hugh 
Lindsay were in attendance. 

By command of The Queen, 
the viscount Davidson (Lord in 
Waiting) this afternoon called 
upon the Governor-General of 
Canada at the Inn on the Pant 
HoteL Hamilton Place. W.l. 
and welcomed Her Excellency 
on her arrival in this country. 


Chinese puzzle affects sale 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 


The' Duke of Gloucester roU 
attend the presentation of the 

- r ~ fourth National Radio Awards 

Her Majesty at Windsor Castie. Gmswaoi House on Apnl 
The Queen, accompanied by ^ 

The Duke of Edinburgh. The of Gloucester wiB 

Prince Andrew and Miss Sarah , a ^ djnocrand fashion 
Ferguson, this afternoon re- in aid of the Royal 

xivapiam Mark Humps. Master “* ve *j National Lifeboat Institution ij 

5 JWcr Phillips, Miss Zara Phil- «hOOt children m the Forecourt ^ ^ ^ Hole i on April 28. 

tk. • ° f ^Dugdale. Mr Princess Anne will viat South- 

Kenneth Scott and Ueuienant- 
Cononel Blair Siewan-Wilson 
were in attendance. 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh this evening at- 
k- 'uav kuv Windsor The LJuicc icndcd Fcw/utp far EU-Qbzth fll 

H Andrews I rort Niehnln* Wind- CfortJen '9 1 ™ rk Hcr M2jeSty S 

Sixtieth Birthday. __ _ 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother. The Prince and Prin- 
cess of Wales. The Prince An- 
drew. The Prince Edward, The 
Princess Anne. Mrs Mark Phil- 
lips and Capiain Mark Phillips, 

The Princess Margaret. Count- 
ess of Snowdon, Viscount 
Linlcy. Lady Sarah Armsuong- 


Jr®f Gloucester. The Duke and 

3 J Duchess of Gloucester* Earl of 
Ulster, Lady Davma Windsor. 
>' Lady Rose Windsor, The Duke 
Kaod Duchess of Kent Earl of Si 
t? Andrews. Lord Nicholas Wind- 
Lady Helen Windsor, 
a i Prince and Princess Michael of 
^ Kent, Lord Frederick Windsor, 
Lady Gabriel la Windsor, Prin- 
cess Alexandra, the Hon Mrs 
.Angus OgQvy and the Hon 
'Angus Ogilvy, Miss Marina 
T": Ogilvy, Pnncess Louis of Hesse. 
-•".Prince and Princess Georg of 
*.r Hanover and Miss Sarah Fer- 

k %guson were present. 

The Earl and Countess of 
* - Harewood, the Hon Gerald and 
I-i* Mis Lasoeltes. the Duke of Fife, 
. Captain Alexander Ramsay and 
the Lady Saltoun, the Mar- 
chioness of Cambridge and 
Colonel Sir Henry and Lady 
May Abel Smith were also 

The Service was conducted by 
die Dean of Windsor, assisted 

• by the Clerk of the Closet (the 

* Bishop of Bath and Wells). 

The Lesson was read by The 
Prince of Wales. 

Her Majesty's Body Guard of 
the Honourable Corps of 
Gentlemen at Arms, The 
Queen's Body Guard of the 
Yeomen of the Guard and the 
Military Knights of Windsor 
were on duly in the ChapeL 

After the Service, The Queen 
and The Duke of Edinburgh, 
The Prince and Princess of 

end on May 2 and will name a 

train at Southend Pier and a new 

lifeboat of the Royal National 
Lifeboat Institution at tbe life- 
boat station on tbe pier. She win 
open the reconstructed west 
wing at Nazareth House and 
afterwards will lunch with die 
Mayor of Southend. Later she 
will open a new Abbeyfietd 
Home for the Elderly at Archer 
House, Laindon Road, 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh will attend tbe Lon- 
don Symphony Orchestra gala 
at the Barracan on May 6 . 

_ Princess Anne, Colonel-ip- 

Jones, Tbe Duke and Duchess The Royal Signals, will 

of Gloucester. The JJuke and visit 21st Signal Regiment and 

Duchess of Kent. Earl of Si 
Andrews. Lady Helen Windsor. 
Prince and Princess Michael of 
Kent. Princess Alexandra, the 
Hon Mrs Angus Ogilvy and the 
Hon Angus Ogilvy, Miss Ma- 
rina Ogilvy, Princess Louis of 
Hesse, Prince and Princess 
Georg of Hanover and Miss 
Sarah Ferguson were present 
Having been received at the 
Market Entrance or Covent 
Garden by Her Majesty’s Lord- 
Lieutenant for Greater London 
(Field Marshal Sir Edwin 
Bramall) and the Lord Mayor of 
Westminster (Councillor Roger 
Bramble). The Queen and The 
Duke of Edinburgh walked 
through the Central Arcade and 
afterwards were received at the 
Main Entrance, Royal Opera 
House by the Chairman (Sir 
Claus Moser). _ ^ 

The Duchess of Grafton, the 

16th Signal Regiment in West 
Germany on May 6 and 7. 

Mr Ahmed E.H. Jafler has 
arrived in London. His address 
is Overseas House, Park Place, 
St James's Street, SW1. 

Birthdays today 

Mr Leo Abse. MP, 69; Lord 
Airedale, 71; Sir Michael 
Aliyah, 57; Mr Christopher Ball, 
SI; Mr Peter Bowring. 63; Mr 
George Cole. 61; Dr Eric Fenby, 
80; Mr Robin Hutton, S3; Mr 
Ronald Hynd. 55; Sir Harold 
Jeffreys, 95; Sir Leslie Kemp. 
96- Mr Laurier Lister. 79; Sir 
Yehudi Menuhin, 70; Sir Sidney 
Nolan, OM, 69; the Earl of 
Oxford and Asquith. 70; Profes- 
sor Sir Eric Scowen, 76; Sir 
Robert Wade-Gery, 57. 

Army awards 

The following have been ac- 
cepted for Army scholarships: 

JMR Baaiey. Bristol G& N J B arren . 

pjjmouth’Cofl: A r 

coOU A C Brittain. Vann S. C»r 

_ .. cuartion. 
L Clayton- Eton- 
b O J coums- 

H&SaSfv: M R Dickson. Brt£asJHS:E 
AFenton. HS of Duntte H M Fraser, 
flcrmlmimrl Con H I- Fltwaj 
MM&W N HeOewelL SUcwrtea S; 

l litiB fm Don Ooll: R T J Jones. 

B U ei lMJ f u eS: D V K«t>y. 8. 

‘ Bradford Cod: J CMiira. 
n ft D J McLeao-Steet St 

. Yortc J W 1 M ite. KW S- 

n W BRanwy. cod. M 
A J Riley. Marlborough CoUL T A K 

S: P D Smith. 

Royal OS. OulWlWU! R U C J5S5- 

Qonionsloun & A M i nJJJBdOa. 
DMop’j stortford CoU: N K Turpin. 
sESanValw**: J C A Vrilch. The 
icing's s. Catuottiuiy: B C Walken 

S: D A WarrUow. DuM K 

YortE* Royal MitoaryrA 

Canford S: A 4 1 WINon. TonWWBe S. 

Memorial service 

Mr M. Rose 

The Secretary of Stale for For- 
eign and Commonwealth Af- 
fairs was represented by Mr 
David Summerhayes at a me- 
morial service for Mr Michael 
Rose held yesterday at St 
Luke's. Chelsea. The Rev D. 
Watson officiated, assisted by 
foe Rev B. Duckworth and the 
Right Rev Cuthbert Bardsley 
pronounced the blessing. Canon 
Ivor Smith Cameron read from 

The Prophet by Kahlil Gibran 

and Sir Robin Hooper read the 

lesson. Mr Peter Storrs gave an 

address. Father Bruno 
Brinkman, SJ. was robed and in 

the sanctuary. Among others 
present were: 

Mrs E McKee. Mrs F Jaf^. Mr 

A LoreMnchyra. Sir Aalony and Lady 
Duh!sIt Roderick Barclay. Sr Arthur 

Hockaday. Sir Eric Nwrte. Sir Begl 
naid and Lady Seconde. Sir Peter 
wuklremn. Sir Dank Riche*. Ladv 
?mCiSTKgogLady Rowan. Mr David 
coodall i re pres e nt) no the Pwraa nenl 
Under Secretary 

Common wealth Office uid 

Dtpkmnailc Sende e); Mr f C Gg°ggg 
irearesenUKB the Btdjop ol Gkraw 
In Eurooei. Mr David Newman 
i representing the Dtoceae of JShetrafr 
(arrii. Canon Barney MlDtan. Mr 
Krtth Jeffrey. Mr Adrian SWa 
the Rev Simon Godfrey... M l /Pete 
Jolley, the Rev Dr PhlMp Morgan 

jgeaem secretary. BrmrfiOouhrifaf 

OeSSS at^ the y A C P eery 

mana GanUiam fCotmdl of Oiri^an 
Approaches lo DetoK* and Dtorma- 

menu. Count and Counkae 

Mr R A fBreuharton. Mrs Mn 
Falrtjalm. MM» Ruth Aniigr. the Rev 
Hugh and Mrs Wlkw ist 
Ware). Ootonel Anthony I 
Miss Mary Chevailier. Mr M .. . 

Smith. Mr John Slater-Canan Jamaj 

RotiertoonJUsBj DUuu-SalwrJhe R«v 

David Sheriff gaat. 

vice-chairman.^ QMt S tiff FJgeTO. 
Mr Alan wimanwon. Mr .Bmawei 
Williamson. Mtss MUhrile W'mmn- 
son. Mr Jonathan K er. M tMF tawc mra 

Ker. Mr John wuMiuon tcnainaan o r 

the hoard. Centre for JnlefTMOOMl 

Briefing. Famham Castle) wlih Mr 

Patrick Uo yd: W t^dhHj^ 1 

Prayer Group. St 

SWi) and me Rev R s B erttford 
■Roman Catholic Bishops 

The impact of lai^e-scale 
Mim gglin g of ceramics and 
bronzes from newly-discov- 
ered tombs in mainla nd China, 
which began three or four 
is still being felt in 
At Christie's yes- 
49 per cent of tire 
sale of early ceramics 

unsold. Most of tbe 

pieces no history and nay 
well hare come from the recent 
excavations that have Uteded 
tbe market. 

The bidding was concentrat- 
ed on unseal pieces with a top 
price of £10,260 (estimate 
£7,000-£9,000) for a grey pot- 
tery figure of an archer of tbe 
Han Dynasty, an almost ab- 
stract twisting shape, standing 
26 cm high. A rare, greets 
used ewer, cover and bowl of 

e eleventh or twelfth 

century secured £8,640 (esti- 
mate £8,000*12,000). The 
bowl is delicately sloped as a 
duster of leaves, while the 

narrow-shouldered ewer has a 

cover, sarm o un ted by a Bud- 
dhist lion. 

Other big prices included 
£5,400 (estimate £6,000- 
£10,000) for a three-storey 
green-glazed model of a tower 
of the Han Dynasty, and the 
£4,536 (estimate £2,000- 
£3,000) for a pair of &idy- 
modeOed grey pottery figures 
of ladies, dating from tbe 
Sixth Dynasties, and standing 
31 cm high- The authenticity 
of the biter pair have been 
checked by a thermolumines- 
cent dirting test at Oxford. The 
sale t-talled £135^680. 

Sotheby’s stiver sale in Am- 
sterdam yesterday followed 
the now familiar pattern of 
strong bidding on rare or h^b- 

qnaiity pieces, comb ine d with 
difficulty in selling run-of-the- 
mill items. The sale made 
£90,179, with 21 per cent lefi 
unsold and a top price of 
12 J00 gulden (estimate 
8 ,000-12,000 guilders) or 
£3^11 paid by a London 

dealer for an eig^iteentii ceutn- 
ry Polish fflwree spice tower, 
co nsl rnct e d lute a castie with 
pennants flying from the 

Phillips sale of funushings 
frnn the estate of Mrs Dnncan 
Phillips of Washington DC 
sooted some nnlooked for high 
prices in New York on Satur- 
day. The American version of 
Regency was *%,” with a fine 
mahogany and early maple- 


Manager who re-modelled 
London’s docklands 

Dudley Peridns, whose spell 

1805 selling for 550,000 (esti- 
mate £6,000-59,000) or 

Bronzes by Mahonry Young 
(1877-1957) were unexpected- 
ly fought over. A 22 inch 
bronze figm entitled ‘‘The 
Black iMaghboy” made 
$19,800 (estimate $2^00- 
S3M, or £12£31, while 
“The Blacksnuth,” measuri 
12 % inches, made S13J 
(estimate S8@i«$l 200) or 

of London Authority from 
1964-71 saw huge expansion 
at Tilbury and widespread 
closures elsewhere along the 
Thames waterfront, died on 
April 15, aged 751 
He became a solicitor m 
1937. After the war he joined 
the BBC as an assistant legal 
adviser from 1945-48 before 
moving to the National Coal 
Board, where he was an 
assistant legal adviser from 
1945-51. , . 

He was best known as me 
voice behind the popular 
1950s BBC radio programme, 
Can / Help You ?. and on 

The Right Rev John Taylor, 
ed 56, Bishop of St Albans, 
jo is to be the chairman of 
the Charch of England Gener- 
al Synod Committee for Com- 
i mmirgrim ra in SDCCSSSitm tO 
the Right Rev William 
Westwood, Bishop of 


First International ConfeRMe 
on Emergency Madid— 

Mr W illiam Rutherford, QBE, 
presided at a dinner held on 
April 18. at Gufldhafl on tbe 
occasion of the First Inter- 
national Conference on Emer- 
gency Medicine: The principal 
guest was Mr Norman Fowler, 
MP, Secretary of State for Social 

were Professor Sir 
Sanefr, President of the Royal 

and Mr David Wilson, 
dent of the Casualty Surgeons 

ConuBoowealth Fnfesawaal 
The representatives _ of 
Commonwealth Professional 
Associations in London hdd 
din ner at the Institution of Civil 
Engineers yesterday in honour 
of Viscount Caldecote, who 
delivered the annual CPA Lec- 
ture. Dr Maurice Goldsmith, 
chairman, presided. 


Latest appointments include: 

The Archbishop aTCutatfevy, 
Dr Robert Rande; Baroness 
E wart-Biggs; Lord Pitt Of 

m^esaz and Mr Ron Todd, 

to be Patrons of the Council to 
Celebrate the International Year 

Mr Mkhael Daly to be Ambas- 
sador to Costa Rica in succes- 
sion to Mr P.W. Smnmerscale, 
who will be taking up a further 
Diplomatic Service 


Mr Derek March to be British 
High Commissioner to Uganda 
in succession to Mr Cclin 
McLean, who will be taking upa 

further Diplomatic Service 

Mr Justice Garland, to be a 
judge of the Employment Ap- 
peal TribunaL 

Mr Simon Dyer to be director 
general of the Automobile 
Association from August I. 
I987jn succession to Mr OUf 
Lambert who wiD be retiring. 
Mr Ian Todd, of Si Mark’s 
Hospital, London, to be presi- 
dent of toe Royal College of 
Surgeons of England from July 
in succession to Sir Geoffit— 
Slaney. Professor Dona 
Campbell and Mr Pieter Lord to 
be vux-presidents 1986-1987. 

this week 

Today ma c* pe mg 

Oppomtia n moUom on homtiH aod on 

TamSridw C2JKM Eurowam &*nmu- 

nities (AxnOKtmmO BHL Rend ra*d- 

Menbera* I 

Lome Today Fomfly Law BflL 


Thur*to an Gao-BQL cwnmltw 
pm day. 

Friday tilt Pot Sya rd Om rtcM BBL 
second readtna. 


Mr Allan Stewart. MP, was host 

at a -reception for the Scottish 

World Cup Football Squad in 
Dover House, Whitehall, last 



MrILV. Axis 

and Mbs FjC Camps-Hams 
The engagement is announced 
between Robin, elder son of the 
late U.GJd. Axis, and Mrs GJVL 
Axis, of London, SW3, and 

ir ana mis a. uajuiu, 
lighcr Bcbington, The WirraL 
od Nicola, only daughter ofEh" 
nd Mrs AJUC. Mitchell, of 

Mrs DP. Camps-Harris, of 
WoMingham, Surrey. 

Mr TJC Clayton 
and Miss NA. Mitchell 
The engagement is announced 
between Thomas, only son of 
Mr and Mrs S. Clayton, of 
Higher Bebtiutton. The WirraL 


Mr J. O’Brien 
and Miss L. Oliver 
The engagement is announced 
between Justin, youngest son of 
Mrs Win O’Brien, of Ardtethan, 
Australia, and of toe late Mr 
John O’Brien, and Linda, eldest 
daughter of Mr Bill Oliver, of 
Dublin, Ireland, and Mrs Enid 
Rose, of Hove, England. 


Lieutenant SLM. HaR RN, 
and Dr AJX Hammenley 
The marriage took place cm 
Saturday, April 19, at Holy 
Trinity. Braxnley. of Lieutenant 
Stephen HalL son of Com- 
mander and Mis TJ. HalL and 
Dr Dapbne Hammersley 
daughter of Rear-Admiral and 
Mrs P.G. Hammersley. Tbe Ven 
R.H. Roberts officiated, assisted 
by toe Rev M. Godwin and the 
Rev M. Bucks. 

The bride, who was given m 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Dr Frances Forrest, 

Miss Louise Balfour and Miss 

Lucy HalL .Mr- Tim HalL was 
best man. 

•mi Miss AJVL Mums 
The marriage has taken place 
quietly between Mr Michael 
Dawson and Miss Angela 

A luncheon party was bdd 

afterwards at the bride’s borne 

in Somerset. 


age of the docks and thus 
attract new customers- 

After trips to venous Pate 

of the world to witness at first 

hand how other docks were 
managed, hcretuniedto Lon- 
don convinced, wnecJjrtiBj 
the future for docklands Ipjr 

With this vicw/TObury was 
redeveloped at great cost to 
accommodate larger snipping. 
An inevitable - consequent 
was the closure of the moor 

docks in toenppernvCTWtuch 

were unabte to handle the 

Devlin Report of 

t ime broq^it about radical 

in woddng ptactwa. 
Dockers, who previously 


datioa with toe Port of Lon- 
don Authority in 1955, first as 
its chief solicitor and then as 
its joint deputy general man- 
ager from 1962-64. 

Despite an early career that 
had little to do with the sea, on 
his appointment as general 
manager (later designated di- 
rector-general) of the PLA m 
1964, Perkins approached the 
job with characteristic 

He soon revealed plans fora 
big docklands shake-up de- 
signed to r»«ke Lo n don the 
world’s leading port. Acadear- 
ated modernisation included a 
£40 m ilifo n modernisation 
and dock building programme 
and a public relations exercise 
to chang e the out-of-date im- 


two married tbe beautiful 
Miss Cook sisters from Mon- 

to individual, em- 
ployers. Themcreascincon- 
tainer. cargo took its toll with 
huge cutbacks In the labour 
force as half of the 'capitals 
general cargo berths -were 
phased out-in the early 1970s. 

Perkins, came to a. dock- 
lands on which,' under his 
successor. Sir Leslie Font, 
millions of pounds had al- 
ready been spent on getting 
the bomb damaged docks 
bade into shape. He Success- 
fully took chags of the second 
pfaV of modernisation and 
expansion, * leaving- behind 
him a financially - 'sound 

A kind and considerate'man 
who commantted 'respect for 
his judgment, he was also a 
man of vision. £> 

Tbe Earl . of Haddington, 
formerly Lord Lieutenant for 
Berwickshire, died on April 
17. aged 91. 

Lord Home of the Hind 

rreal, and tbe latter the daugh- 
ter of the- ho use! 

It was then that Geonhe 
Haddington acqutredhisdedi- 

■ «■ n,, cation to public service which 

Lord Haddington s family his wife 

name is Baillie- Hamilton and. 

as those three names suggest, 
he was steeped in the history 
and love of the Scottish 

He was essentially a country 
man, and in his beautiful 
homes in Berwickshire and 
East Lothian his interests and 
his heart fay. He knew all 
about their historic treasures, 
and revelled as a knowledge- 
able forester in their glorious 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

■arms, mmww c w . 

M a few -f 1S% VAT 

( lmm ronm 3 Unes) 
A ui K mn cc ro cni*. amtanccMcd fte 

one and pen aa ncm addrenof Uk 
sender am be sent to 

PO BOX 484 
Virginia Stmt 
London El 

a icfcstocd (by adn*Q«B*itnb. 
CR only) W 01-401 30*0 

AwwwwmaMS cm be rttcivcd by 
KtofcoiK between '900anj and 
i Wpra Mondw wFtntoj on Shut 
S ay between 400am and 12 noon 
(01-401 4000 OaM. Fbr pobhea- 



i Hasp! 

n I90i 

Queen QMrtome Maternity 
to Susan in** Bourebter) and Mi- 
chael. a son. 

THOMAS on Apt® UM» I PBOln Hcnq 
Kong to Rachel (nee Addison) and 
DavhL a daughter. PluHppa Louise. 
WALPOLE - On AnrU 16th u Laurel 
and Robin a daughter Cm* Mary, a 
suer for Roger and Henry. 


nraiR uld:! ..WtaBmr Men and 


a.J<m it » 


CiutM . To Janet tote Steii-etUand 
Maurice, on the Anrfl 198& a 
SIK. CWre Johanna, a sUer for 

CMUMI on April SW Jt Prtncesa 
Alexandra HobbIWJ 
Ottver) and Ron. awn. A brother lor 
Damon. Lois and Joel- _ At Beverley Westwood 
C SKal on 19thA»11» JamueUne 
S^WaUta) and Gordor^a son 
Simon Alexander, a brother for 

y o S SoS - on AsrUZOCh. d 7 

for AU Forbes and Otarlon* Beresoe 


jygUvr tor Richard. 

«SsfftfKflSM ; 

25 K.1 son. Gideon Bruce 
April ZisL U> AMonte 

ter. nwau 

. iogAH wy XZJFSLSS 

HUUmN-On ™ 

J 4 <lauoWer - 
' m£cr*?‘o* 

• ffiWWSJSS 
: ffiLSrST-" - — 


■fruartan (n*e Soerltng) a 

jjL,!- cMer lo Hatty- 
dau^iwr. v* 1 “ 

: TS 

■' daughter Frances- 

' sSm^On 7!h April 
' . Falmouth Road. Truro- 

SJlfNSoSv&n. wother 10 

aarnaby. Henry and Jonathon. 


BISSON - on 19 April, peacefully at 
Freeland Nursing Home. Isabel, aged 
91. of Mad ones. Stratton Audley. 

Ox on. widow of Professor LA. 
Bisson, formerly of Oxford and Bel- 
fast Universities. 

BORWICX - on Sunday ZOUi April. 
1986. at home. Blair Castle. U. Col. 
Michael George Borwtck. Royal 
Scots Greys, beloved husband of Ve- 
ronica and lamer of the late Freddy 
and Jamie. Funeral seme* at St. 
Margaret's. Dairy on Thursday SMth 
April at 2.30 pm. thereafter In Dairy 
Cemetery. Family flowers only. 

CMATCR-JACK • Emily May On April 
20th 1986. ai Warren Lodge. 
Ftnehampstead. daughter of Leonard 
Sutton of Reading, sister of NoeL 
widow of U Col. Frederick Ctvaer- 
jactc R A. DS.O.. M.C. mother of 
Monica, deceased. Valerie. Penelope 
and Henrietta, grandmother and 
final grandmother. Funeral at AH 
Saints Church. Crandall. Hampshire 
at 3.00pm on Friday 2Sh April, 
fouowed by Private Cremation. 
Flowers to A.B Walker Bt Son Ltd- 
36 EMon Road. Reading. 

COOPER - Hugh on April 18th. peace, 
hilly aged 86. Much loved fattier of 
Stephen. Nicholas. Deborah and 
Prue and greatly loved grand-fattier 
Of Rosie and Kilty, of Com and Na- 
than and of Tom. Sophie. Jessica and 

DOUE - Katherine Ivy On April 20th. 
tn her 100 th year, peacefully ai 
home with her family al The HflJ 
Mouse. Mayfield. East Sussex, 
widow of the very Reverend George 
Kelson DoMe DD and greatly loved 
mother, grandmother and great- 
grandmother. Funeral at St. 
Dunstan's Church. Mayfield on April 
29Ui al 2 30pm. Family Rowers 
only, but donations m aid of the 
church may be sent to the vicarage- 
ELEY • Rosemary on April 16th peace- 
futlv In Nursing Home. Dearly loved' 
sister of Pamela. The Funeral has 
taken place, no letters please. 

EYSTON On April lBth. peaceMbr. 
Basil Francis aged 02 years. Reoutem 
Mass al St Joseph's Church. Hornsey, 
uampshire on Friday APTS 26th at 
11.30 am Followed by private crema- 
tion. Fanuiy Flowers only, but 
donations ll desired to Cancer Re- 
search may be sent lo A H Cheater. 
Funeral Directors. Hornsey. 
April, suddenly in Aries after a short 
Uness. Claude, second son of Oiaries 
and Genevieve Geoffrav-Dechaume 
of Valmondols. dear husband of 
Adeline- The funeral took place alSI. 
Paul-de Mausole. Sl-Rttny -dc-Pro- 
veocc od lfeth April 

CREEN Henry C.B.E. Brigadier re- 
Unrd. formerly Coldstream Guards, 
on April lBtn. 1986. In hospital . be- 
loved husba.^1 of Diana and adored 
father of James. Jennifer. Joanna 
and Charles. Service ai SI Janus's 
Church. AshursL Nr Steyntng. Sus- 
sex ai 12.15 pm on Thursday 2dlh 
April, followed by private cremation. 
Family flowers only, but donations If 
dmred. to Inturcd Jockeys Fund 
Si James's Church, c-o The Rector. 
The Vicarage. Steynlng. 
HADDINGTON . On April 171h 1986. 
George Earl of Haddington. K.T.. 
MC. Funeral scrvKe at Wtoteklrk 
Church, on Wednesday 23rd April at 
300 pm followed by burial at 
Tyntoghame. a memorial sendee 
jflU be announced later. 

HARGROVE on April 18th 1986. 
Donald, loving husband of the late 
Simone Hargrove and modi loved 
Father of Ian and Monique. Funeral 
Sendee al a Nicholas Church. 
Remenham. Berks. 2.30pm Wednes- 
day April 23rd. 

HEMOERSON - James Lewis, aged 75. 

Al home at Strand on the Green, on 
April 19th. Husband of Shela* 
Mary. Private Cremation. Memorial 
gathering to be arranged. 

JACKSON, MargreL on 20th April, of 
Maughold. Ramsey. Isle of Man. and 
formerly of Gosforth. Newcastle 
upon Tyne. Beloved wife of Merlin, 
and mother of Peter. Cremation 

April, al home. Brevet Colonel Sir 
WUllam Edward OJJ.E.. TO- D.L. 
J.P. 11th Baronet of Nova Scotia and 
22nd Chief of Clan Jardme. husband 
of Ann and FaUier of Alexander and 
William, grandfather of WUllam 
Murray. Funeral service at Dalton 
Parish Church. Dumfriesshire on 
Thursday 24Ui April at l -30pm. Cre- 
mation thereafter private. Family 
Bowers only. Donations If desired to 
Save The Children Fund. Annandale 
Branch, c/a Bank of Scotland. High 
StrecL Lockerbie. 

JOHNSTON- On April Idtti peacefully 
In Bedford. Margaret Avertl aged 89. 
Formerly of Eamley Cottage. 
Eamley. Sussex. Last surviving child 
of the late Francis Johnston of 
Merida. Noctorum. Cheshire. Service 
United Reform Church. Allan SL 
London W8 tomorrow Wednesday 
12 noon, followed by private 
Interment at Gunnersbtity Cemetery. 
Enquiries to JJL Kenyon. 01-937 

LEE-BOLTON - On April 18th peace- 
fully after a short Illness. Diana, aged 
87. Donations. If desired, to United 
Nattoos Association, c/o Ralph 
Want, id Tangier Road. GuOdfonL 
GUI 2DE- Enquiries to Ptonms 
Funeral Sendees. Telephone 
Guildford 67390. 

LOUVELL rwintam WoUon) M- 
Pharm. Peacefully on April 18th In 
The Princess Alice Hospice. Funeral 
Wednesday April 23rd at 
Edgewaretmry Cemetery. 

Edgewarehury Lane. 1 2 noon, bi Heu 
of flowers, donations, if desired, to 
The Princess Alice Hospice. West 
End Lane. Esher. 

LUFT - on April 19th peacefully at 
home Rev. Canon Mark urn m.a.. 
MJJtL F.R.Htst. S. Canon Theolo- 
gian Liverpool Cathedral and late 
Headmaster Merehani Taylors 
School Crosby. Dearly loved hus- 
band of Frances, dear father of 
Patrick. Nicholas and Margaret, and 
father-in-law of Sarah. Susan and 
Robin. Loving CrandtoUier of Ms 
seven Grandchildren. Requiem Mas 
at SL Faun's Church Crosby on 
Wednesday April 23rd at 12 noon. 
Cremation following al Thornton 
Crematorium. Family Rowers only 
please, but If desired dona Hons may 
be sew to Cancer Research c/o H. 
Leslie Humphries Ltd. 109 Liverpool 
Rd. Crosby. A memorial Service to 
be held later al Liverpool cathedraL 
McKENZIE Florence Rase. 82. widow 
of Leonard James and mother <M 
Fiona and lan. peacefully on 7 AprtL 
DooailofB to help the aged- 
moon on April I7lh. peacefully, al 
Woking. Marjorie, widow of Henry 
Medd. Funeral Service al St Pauls. 
Oriental Road. Woking al 2.30pm on 

Tuesday. April 29th. AU MduUies to 

Woking Funeral Service Lid. Woking 

MILNER on April 18th peacefully at 
her home in Bedford. Helen Mary, 
dearly beloved by her family and 
friends. Funeral service al St Maryl 
Church. Rye. East Sussex at £pm on 
Thursday April 24Qi 1986. 

HARIMAN - Dr Erucli XO. Peacefully 
al home in Bmrtbay. brother of JHastd 
Nariman and sister for Fartda 

PHILLIPS Dorottcy ■ See Van 
Zwanenberg PMlllPf- 
RMKES On APrU I8ttu Sr Vtetor 
Ralkes K B E. aged 85. Funeral April 
22nd 3pm. SL Jude's Church. 
CoUIngbam RoaiL SW5- 

■EES- On 18th April 1986. peacefully 
Lister piubp Rees tXBX_ RJJSLA. uf 
Burton Bradstock. Dorset Husband 
of Phyllis and fettMr of John. Sarah 
and mupL Private Cre ma tion. 
Family flgwm only, donations. If 
desired for RLNJJL Poole. 

SCLATER at home on 20th April 
19B6. after a long BBnese coingeoui- 
ty borne. Claude Edward Lutley 
DAO. and BAR MJL. Commander. 
Royal Navy. Beloved husband of me 
late Helen and deerty loved famer oT 
Guy. Christopher. MgeL P raetape 
and Anne. Funeral at An Saints 
Church. Sleet Hants on 2601 April, 
followed by private burial al OdBiam 
Cemetery- Flowers lo A & W God- 
dard Ltd. Sleet 

MDOONS- Cki the 16th Of April 1966. 
at SI bBrga re ti Nursing Home. 
Loulh. Edith, aged 96 years, former- 
ly of Stanford. Widow of Reverend 
V. Donald SMdora. Mother of Elea- 
nor Bennett. Barbara Pepper and 
Anthony. No llowers. Dooattons If 
desired u Methodist Ministers Re- 
tirement Fund. Methodist Church. 
Division of Finance. I Central Build- 
ings. Westminster. Lcudon SW1H 

SRVERTON - On April 18m 
Westminster HospltaL to his 8om 
year. Maurice, bvtng. 0-B.E- TJX. 
Queen's Honorary Physidsin. dearly 
loved husband of Joan and father of 
John and June of Malaga. Spain and 
formerly of BexhUKto-Sea. Sussex. 
Funeral private. 

STAINER on Aprt I6 8i bi w mgm 
Harvey HespUaL susette LEO- 
NORA of Apidedore. Kert. Ftaena 
service al me Parish Church of Stent 
Peter & Saint Paul. Appledare on 
Thursday 24»i April at 2-30om foL 
towed by crematton at Charing. 
Flowers if desired and enquiries to R 
M and D C Bates. Hram ftoad. 
Appledare. Kent Tet (023383) 326. 

in the Forces 

Royal Navy 

COMMAND*^ ER D^lm gj*” 

2% K wancaannMOD 

Doris Martorie Evelyn 

(Bain) wife, of Jack Tompkins. For- 
merly of Becks HUT and Coutadan. 
pasted away peacefully on 200 i 
April 1986 In Tsuranga. New 

UNWM - on April 18th. suddenly but 
peacefully. Herbert Alan. F.IME..OI 
PoppteKn. YortesMre. Loved h«r 
band of me la» Mary Obabeth. 
much loved fattier and grantfattwr. 
Funeral Sendee at An Saints Church. 
Upper poHriekm. York. Wednesday 
2Srd April at l.afipm. followed OV 
Cremation at York Crematorium. 
Family flowers only. Donations m 
lieu If so desired, to St Leonards Hos- 
pice Fund. York. 

Dorothy, widow of Godfrey and 
mother of Ewan, on 9m April 1986 
al the age of 100 years lately of 60 
Creduon Hitt. Hampstead, buried at 
Thortngton. Suffolk.' 

WARREN. Peacefully at Cartrawl 
Royal Hospital on lBth April 1986. 
Thomas Reginald. Moved and much 
chensbed husband of Leonora and 
very dear father and grandfather, 
Funeral private. 


CAIRNS- A memorial service For John 
Edward Cairns F.R.GS. wffl b e held 
to Trinity College Chapri. Cam- 
bridge. on Saturday May lire 3rd al 
12 noon. 


GOODMAN Neville M. Remembering 
you with love, today your Birthday 
and everyday. 

STORE - WUttam Douglas Kerr, be- 
loved husband, loving nattier who 
died so suddenly on a sponsored 
walk. Sunday April the 2lst 1985. 
My undying love, pnde and gratitude 
far your Bfe and our golden yearn 
together. TU> My dear and only 
love, i love mee with the breath, 
stoles, tears of ail my 1 Kb. and IT God 
choose, I shall but love mee better 
after death,' Peart. 

in Brigadier 
a Farritt ic- 

Matesty. «n — — , 

Brian Anuumy Hewson 
ttned. April 6. 

BRIGADIERS: R J.BaddeSor. to be 


** <C& a? 





_ April 2. In 

succession lo Malar General David 

APC Brigadier Be mini VtowHtey 
Corps, to be Aide oe C“» m Her 

wraqgntoq, to 

Ur Commodore A T 

Jo»u»on. April 19»6. . 

flir Coramodor«aJtemwW“ 
Air Commodore Glorattar m e>«M- 
An lo Air commodore J M rack. 

^asa g«£ i assrea e 


Andrews. April as. 

he shaned with Sarah, his wife, 
over so many years. - - 
They were inseparaUe in 
their interests aad febod works. 
The Society of Antiquaries for 
Scotland, the Scottish Nation- 
al Museum, the .Georgian 
Society, the Royali British 
Le^on, the Sooxtish. National 
Institute for .War-Minded and 
many others will remember 
him with gratitude. . . r 
He was. anexempiary Lord 
Lieutenant for Berwickshire 
from 1952 to 1969, and during 

woods and gardens. 

In the First Work! War he ~.z -v - • j, j. k. tn „ v 

served with the Royal Scon 
Greys, and was decorated with frf 
Silitary Cross. More than 

20 years later, he was saved - ^c.icii! l:. ^u:«hMe 

only by a bout of pneumonia 

from capture at St Valery, and 
undaunted,tnded the warns a 
wing commander in the Royal 
Air Force Volunteer Reserve. 

It was, however, his stint as 
one of the aide-de-camps to 
the Governor General of Can- . 
ada that shaped his fife, 
were three aides; Lord 
dington. Lord Min to and Mr 
Harold Macmillan. The first 

in fulfilling hisdbUgations. 

* Although be tried; be etiuid 
not qm'te-cotHxa) foe variety 
of his talents.:.-; . • •*-: .• 

A gifted writerofTrerae and 
no mean historian, he was an 
accomplished horseman who 
finished seventh in the Grand 
National, won the National 
Hunt Chase at Cheltenham 
and the Valentine Steeple- 
chase at LiverpooL, • 


pp writes: years of service in the Army, • - 

Mr George Heywood HID, the file ofjhe jffljgqgg 
who has died in his eightieth ut^TmuL but^the fofft was 
year, made his mark on hter- held by lus.mfe. who was 
ary London by creating one of expecting their wsl child, and 
the most distinguished and their great friend Nancy 
original bookshops, which has .Mitior 
for 50 years been a meeting 

place for a clientele of writers 
and book lovers. 

Ed u cated at Eton and Trin- 
ity College, Cambridge, he was 
all his life a passionate reader. 
After seven years of learning 
his trade with Charles Sawyer, 
be set up his own shop in 
Curzon Street and stocked it 
with all he loved best: new, 
antiquarian and early illustrat- 
ed books, children’s Victori- 
ana and prints. 

He slatted on a shoestring, 
helped only by Lady Anne 
Gathome-Hardy, whom he 
married a year later, and a 
delivery boy. Later, during his 

On retirement, the Hills 
took over Lady Anne’s old 
home near Aldebuxgh, where 
be entertained a multitude of 
friends. Hill bad always loved 
music and had been an enthu- 
siast for the works! of Benja- 
min Britten; naturally be 
became a devotee of . the 
festival. He also enjoyed the 
Suffolk landscape. 

A gentle and sensitive man 
with a glorious sense of hu- 
mour, he could become sud- 
denly stubborn in defence ofa 
writer he admired. But he was 
invariably polite. 

He is survived by his wife 
and two daughters.. 

School announcements 

Harrow School 

Summer Term begins at Harrow 
'. A. Butler (The Knoll) is 
Head of the School and R. A 

demic scholarships; Sally 
Richardson and Rachel Stuart 
(Haylett Grange. Haverford- 
west). Stephanie Tozer 

Pyman (HmfiekJ) is Captain of (Godstowe, High Wycombe), 

Cricket. Julius Caesar will be 
performed by the Old 
Harrovian Players on April 26 
and tbe school production of 
Hamlet takes place on May 22, 
23 and 24. The Silver Arrow 
competition will be held on May 
4. Speech Day win be on May 29 
and the half-term exeat will 
extend from 6.30 pm on Speech 
Day until 9.00 pm on Monday. 
June 2. The Eton v Harrow 
match will lake place at Lord’s 
on Saturday, July 5. Term ends 
on Friday, July 11- 

Cricket Quarter at Charterhouse 
begins today. AJ- Clarke is 
Head of School, V. GidfwmaL 
M.F. Milner and J.A.V. Smith 

Katy Tucker (The Downs, 
Wraxail), Caroline Jones and 
Susanna Evans (Badminton Ju- 
nior School) Hannah Williams 
(Badminton Senior School). 
Music scholarships: Kathryn 
Williams (Elm lea. Wcsibury- 
on-Trym), Sarah linnel (St 
John’s Primary, Bristol). Sixth 
form scholarships: Alison 
Jarratt (languages) and Andrea 
Yung (art and science) (Bad- 
minton Senior School). 

Abbots Bromley 
Summer Term at Abbots Brom- 
ley (School of St Mary and St 
Anne) (Woodard Corporation) 
begins today and ends on July 
11 . Clare Mach in remains head 
girl. Commemoration and 

are Deputy Heads of School- speech day is on May 23. St 

B.T.A_ Hddsworth is Capiain of Anne's festival day is on May 

Cricket. Exeat is from May 23- 31 . Open day is on July 5. 

27 and the quarter ends on 
Saturday, July 12, which is also 
Old Carthusian Day. 
Westminster School 
Westminster School's Election 
Term begins today. Mr D.M. 
Smnmerscale takes up his 
appointment as Head Master in 

aictffi BM n to Dr J.M. Rae. Mr 
P.D. Hargreaves joins tbe staff 
Lynda Stuart (Liddell's) is Cap- 
tain of tbe School and James 

Friern Barnet Grammar School 
Summer Term begins today. 
The annual founder’s day ser- 
vice will be held at the church of 
■St James tbe Great, Friern 
Barnet Lane, on July 1L This 
term’s school charity is Oxtam. 
Boys wishing to enter the school 
at age eleven in September 1987 
should register for and sit the 
entrance examination on Janu- 
ary 9, 1987. Term ends on July 

Haberdashers* Monmouth 
School for Girls, Monmouth, 

Summer Term at Haberdashers’ 
Monmouth School for Girls 
begins today and ends on July 
U. Tbe head girl is Catherine 
HalL On May 10 swimming and 
tennis teams trill visit Hatcham 
for tbe annual competitions 
between Haberdashers' Girls’ 
Schools. Half Term will be from 
noon on Friday, May 23, to 9 
am on Thursday, May 29. The 
parents* fete will be on Saturday, 
June 7. Senior speech day and 
prize-giving will be at 230 pm 
on July 10. The speaker will be 
Baroness Warnodt, Mistress of 

The Adrian Bould memorial 
concert will be given on May 1 5 
by John Lili and the school 
concert is on June 6 . Perfor- 
mances of The AehamUuts will 
be given in Ashbumham Gar- 
den on July 7. 8 , 9 and 10. The 
election dinner is on July 1 1 and 

term ends on that day. 
Badminton School 
The following rafts have been 
awarded senmarshiosh Aca- 

Dean Close School 
Dean Close School begins the 
second term of its centenary 

year today. Princess . Alexan dra 

has consulted to be present at College, Cambridge. Old 

the school and the junior school * ^ Mishin* to attend this 
on the afternoon of Mommy, function should apply for tickets 
June 9. The bead, of schooj^ts |q fog school secretary. 

Kent CoBege, Canterbury • 
Summer Term at Kent College 
starts today and ends on Sat- 
urday, July 12, which is also 
speech day. Johanna Murphy 
and Nicholas Barker continue as 
head prefects and Angus 
MacGregor is captain of cricket 
The confirmation sendee will be 
held in tbe school chapel on 
Friday. May 9. The production 
of South Pacific will Take place 
op July 9, 10 and 1 1. 

Gordon is captain of the school 
and Alan Dorrmgton . is vice 
captain. Mr Richard Hudson, 
who joined dm senior school in 
1953. and Mr David* Fenton 
who joined the junior, school in 
1967, both retire at iheead this 
term. Commemoration .day is 
on June 14 and the jumps school 
p riz e gi ving roll take phee. on 
Thursday, July lOf at which the 
guest of howourwiir be Mr Johm 
Garnett,- Director, of the Indus- 
trial Society. There will be a 
gaudy for old., boys who ' left 
King’s in the 1950’s on June 6 . 
Any -old boy who has not 
received details should write to 
the head master’s secretary. 
Ousdie School 

Summer Term at Oundle 
School begun on Tuesday, April 
22 and ends on Saturday, July 
12. The exeat is from May 24 to 
27 and speech day week-end 
begins on Friday, July 1 1, 

St Dsiistu's Orilege 
Summer Term at St Dunstan’s 
College begins today and, ends 
on Wednesday, July 16; exeat is 

Mov mrliicivp lan 



prefect is. Joanna Bourne. 

{day on the weekend of the royal 
visit is to be Caesar and 

Kcrshen (Wren's) is Captain of Cleopatra by Shaw and there, is 
Cricket. The exeat is May 23-28. to be a concerto concert on May 

18. The century Old Dee anian 
weekend is July 11-13. 

Dover College 

Term- begins today at Dover 
College and Dover College Ju- 
nior School. Prize giving takes 
place on Friday, May 23, when 
the guest of honour will be Sir 
Frederic Bolton, Chairman of 
Dover Harbour" Board. Old 
Dovorian Day is on Sunday, 
June 8 . Term ends on Joly .1 1. 

from May 24 to 27 inclusive, lan . 

Teideman continues as head of 
school; MA Slade is -captain of > 
cricket. The inspecting officer : 
for CCF annual inspection on 
May 20 win be Brigadier <3. R. gf 
Stubbington, REME. The 1 
preacher on commemoration ;l 
day in Southwark Cathedral, on f - 
May 23, will be thc’Rev Peter } 
Delaney; lower school r. and ^ 
preparatory 'department’s V „ 
commemoration on May 28 will ASat 
be at St Georgeft Ctiurct£ Perry 
Hill, and the preacher will be the ''g s ; 
Rev John Allen- Old hoys’ day is 
Jane 14 and open-day Is July 1 2. £.;! 
The summer concert is on May 
21 ; the' lower*., school -*ill be, 
performing The Silver Swdreh 

May 1 5. aha. 16 and the „ 

Kina’s College School 10 ’ry department’s concert is ompjd 

Summer Term at King’s Colk^ June 25.'The v firSt XI- v MCC iy'- ~ 
^b^nstoday.^pril.22.. Anthony on July 16.. . ' 


dox of the public split 

i- 1 Tdenskm is the -great noa- 
> chemical narcotic of our age. 
Vet Inner Eye (Channel 4) is 
we of .foe we category of 
programmes which seeks to 
overcome this pro p er ty and 
{ sfittjatate thoaght '■ 
v • • Ti» ; series, which is sum 
Bate*?' through, sets out the 
philosophical argument abort 
ham consciousness erotved 
In Nidiolu Humphrey. Al- 
• r * though there i*an accompany- 
0 ibg hook from Faber A Faber, 

- the, series is> genuine work of 
teiendia nif te^Hded fey die 
jiterary forms which frequenfr- 

; Jjy kfll potentially provoking 
•’ nrocrammes. . . . 

■ r.lhe tear two-thirds of the 
; programme advanced Hmo- 
phrey's concept iff consctons- 
\ . a form of psychic setf- 

awareness, amenta! fimctkw 
!*j • like tint of an extra sense 
ofganwbkballows humans — 

‘ 'and perhaps also chimpanzees 
v — to be aware, of their owns 
^-meptal processes. 

% ‘iFfom this, be aignei, pro- 
ceeds the aMJty to guess the 
mental . processes of other 
\ bumans,aBdfromthateTOhed 
trns| and cooperation, the 
; advantages which wonU «h 
;■ sore that consdoosness paid 
-> its way id terns of Darwinian 

OTIWtfBt Mg 

y fltustiated with consumable 
; sensitivity by inspirational se- 
quences. compiled specially, 
_ and - by a- selection of dips of 
primate ami hmhari behaviour. 
The programme nbo included 
* vesetrafltedMndngainon- 
hejr which : bad been hrain- 
- damaged , in '.-a laboratory 
experiment; the animal had 
1 sight and could use it, but 
believed itsetf to jbe blin d. A 
■’ hitman, sBeitorfy-ln^tied in an 
-accident; behaved in the same 
*•• ^ 

FoHowbig this expos i tion, 
7 the theory was evaluated by 
r the foeotogfan DonCupitt, the 
’“*■ psychologist Michael Morgan 
and Rkhan) Dawkins, t kc- 
” rarer in animal behaviour. 

- ThdrcmnmcatswrpRsenfi* 

: 1 ed as extracts trom ^cdpted 
■: inecestocuMiantberth^im 

the cheapskate stadia di$aw> 

-• won format which Incap able of 

- nwntsto amfirortatioiial flw- 

Most television 'pro- 
— grams are at pans not to 
provoke thought - in certain 
' bands «f the schedule viewers 
select, with- the predktabfltfy 
of - Pavlovas dogs, the most 
. . tranquifiziiig programme on 
offer. 41 best the tdevisioa 
viewer is required to be a 
.. passive recipient of- informal 
7 tarn which is communicated 
' with the phoney authority of a 
visual medhmL. 

The Inner Bye is a series 
.1 which mccessfhlly vanqoshes 
some of these shortcomings 
while malting the best use of 
^ tekrisidfl's advantages as a 
' . medfnmof cwnnmmkation. As 
' v such, it; represents a genuine 
advance, in ttfendon tech- 

Celia Rrayfield 

British Sunnism Fifty 

Years On 


Modernism and 

Whitford and Hughes 

JaSoq Bratby 

Thackeray . - 

Matthew Spender 

Gallery 24. 

It is astonishing flat the great London 
International Surrealist Exhibition took 
phtce now aO of SO years ago: astonishing 
that it is so long; astonishing that it is not 
longer. It must say something about the 
ever-increasing space between the cre- 
ation of. a work of an and widespread 
public acceptance of it that, even half a 
century later, many of the ordinary* noo- 
sperialized public would look at the 
average exhibit in the 1936 show and 
dismiss it as yet-morc of that modern 
rubbish, even though it may well date 
from before they were boro. And yet, on 
another scale of psychological time, il ls 
difficult to take on board the fact that 
this milestone jn modern art, or at least 
Britain's, acquaintance with it, is only 
such a short tone in the past, so 
unexceptionable now seem the interests 


who at that moment, in the opinion of 
themselves and everybody rise, offered 
such a daring challen ge to the traditional 
ways of looking at art 
It is. perhaps, the paradox of the two 
publics which confronts us. Tor one. 
Surreal ism and its tenets have simply 
become everyday objects of mental 
furniture; for the other, the ability of the 
' Surrealists to shock and outrage remains 
virtually unimpaired. - The rich and 
ill uminating show British Surrealism 
Fifty Years On, at the Mayor Gallery 
until the end of the mouth, provides 
plenty of ammunition for holders ofboth 

- It reminds us what a surprising 
number of the British chapter of interna- 
tional Surrealism are soil very much 
with ns — Eileen Agar, Cecil Collins, 
Ithell Colquhotui, David Gascoyne, 
Conroy Maddox, F.EMcWflliam, Julian 
Trevelyan and quite- probably several 
more W and that other key figures, like 
Roland Penrose, have only very recently 
left us. More to the point, it is a valuable 
indication of something most of us have, 
not folly realized before; how consistent, . 
important and valuable was Britain's 

contribution. We are used to thinking of 
anything dial happened in British art as 
being somehow an insignificant annexe 
to the major continental movements, if 
indeed it had any connection at alL But 
here, even if Britain did not produce any 
single undeniably front-rank figure, it 
was unique in the world for continuing 
organized Surrealist activity throughout 
the Second World War, and for once it 
was as prodigal is manifestos, state- 
ments of principle and unbridgeable 
intellectual schisms-as any bunch of sdf- 
dramatizing foreign artists could ever 
hope to be. 

Hence, no doubt, the contradictory 
feelings of immediacy and remoteness 
that the show radiates. The battles so 
enthusiastically, and sometimes bitterly, 
fought have now an ineffably period ring 
to them. And yet many of the works 
which came out of them have an 
unimpaired life and freshness. Conroy 
Maddox's The Lesson, for instance, with 
its smister/fantasticgroup of demonstra- 
tion windows and its shamed (or 
terrified) pupil, has just the right frisson 
of existratia] discomfort. Reuben 
MednikofPs extraordinary mythological 
animal called Bengal Colonel, looking 
somehow tike Typoo and his tiger 
combined, is neatly, tmdefinaMy on the 
border of Surrealistic dissociation and 
satirical fantasy of a more definable 
English kind. And Victor Reinganum's 
Torso of 1935 has all the immaculately 
impersonal surface so beloved of conti- 
nental Surrealists and oddly difficult for 
British (or adopted-British) painters, 
incorrigibly painterly, to achieve. 

It is also very satisfactory to get further 
insights into the work of weU-known 

represented by paintings, collages and 
straight documentary photographs 
which nevertheless belong unmistakably 
to the Surrealist way of perception. 
These do not seem to be in any wav 
merely marginal figures, and it is high 
time qp anniversary such as this brought 
them the attention they so richly deserve. 

Further considerations on the timing 
of acceptance for 20th-century artists are 
suggested by the mixed show Modernism 
and Tradition at Whitford and Hughes 
until May 9. The gallery is more familiar 
as a proponent of- Art Nouveau, 
JugendAfl, Symbolism and such. But it 
must be that market pressures as well as 
a more disinterested, idealistic feeling 
that it is time to move boldly into our 
own century have been influential in this 
latest venture. Not only is the supply of 
worthwhile works from the turn of the 
century drying up, but even the most 
conservative collectors, having moved 
on to this point from the increasingly 
unobtainable high Victorian, axe begin- 
ning to think tbit there is something to 
be said 'for the Post-Impressionist, the 
Fauve, the Expressionist and even the 
Cubist ‘{provided it . is not too grimly 

monotone), and that at last anyone can 
see the lines of continuity. 

We are also learning in this country 
that, whatever Roger Fry may have told 
us, the high rood of art history does not 
necessarily begin and end in Paris: you 
have only to look here at such strong and 
splendid works as Albert Droesbeke's 
two paintings particularly the astonish- 
ing Marionettes, from Belgium, or Bela 
Radar's Homage to Maleviteh from 
Hungary, or even the work of such non- 
mainstream French figures as Ozrnfani 
or his tittle-known English assistant John 
Mellor Hanson, to see that there is far 
more desirable and possibly important 
an around in the 1900s or between the 
wars than was generally dreamt of in 
Fry's philosophy. For that matter, if you 
are content to stick at camp, that too can 
be accommodated: try such as Raphael 
Delorme's rather splendidly silly The 
Dancer for size. 

I must briefly take note of two shows 
before they vanish. Both are on until the 
end of the week, and both are by not-yet- 
famous sons of already famous fathers. 
That, as we know, is more usually a 
liability than an asset, particulalry when, 
as in Jason Bratby's case, the father is in 
the same line of business. But happily 
Bratby Jr seems quite unabashed by his 
father’s relative celebrity as a painter — 
and so he should be, for though one may 
find here and there in bis firs! one-man 
show at the Thackeray Gallery a trace of 
awareness that Bratby p6re exists (in the 
way, for instance, that the paint is 
applied in Boywonder ; an otherwise 
thoroughly modern picture of a young 
man with a cassette-radio), their styles 
and outlooks on life are very different. 


raitn m 


Festival HaH 

If Rbssinf s “serious" operas 
irresistibly evoke that old 
metaphor of the “down play- 
ing Hamlet*', his Stabat Mater 
suggests something still more 
incongruous. Here the down 
is on Calvary, mimicking 

Conductors wbo attempt to 
soften the aesthetic dash, 
between Rossini's incorrigible 
operatic flamboyance and 
what might be considered a 

“normal” response to this 
anguished Crucifixion text, 
are surety dissipating the 
work's true quality. Far better 
to do what Sir John Prjtchard 
did here: parade the dichoto- 
my boldly, flatint the tunes, 
enjoy the vulgar orchestral 
garnishes. He refused, for 
instance; to ease out of earshot 
the oom-pahs of the “Sancta 
Mater” quartet; indeed, the 
accentuated banality here 
made the later outburst seem 
all the more impressive and 

The huge climaxes, where 
trombones and horns batter at 
the same harmony for what 
sounds like pages and pages, 
were executed with straight- 
forward ferocity (the BBC 
Symphony Orchestra playing 
much more securely ban than 
at times earlier in Haydn’s 
Symphony No 98). This too 
served to emphasize by con- 
trast the intensely emotional 
character of the sinuously 

chromatic solos. Pritchard’s 
task was aided by a solo 
quartet which sounded thor- 
oughly well versed in the 

The American tenor Robert 
Gambill, a late replacement 
flown in hours before, could 
be forgiven his somewhat 
parched and underpowered 
delivery of that insidiously 
catchy showpiece ‘‘Cuius 
animam”. He complied will- 
ingly enough with Pritchard's 
suitably elastic phrasing and 
threw in a decent D flat at the 
end. The singing in the follow- 
ing duet was, however, on a far 
higher expressive plane: Felic- 
ity Lott ardent in tone and 
beautifully poised in delivery, 
Anne Howells concentrating 
on telling dynamic gradations. 

But it was John Tom- 
linson's “Pro peccatis” which 
brought the performance to 
life, and in particular the 
warm, rich legato he coaxed 
from his big bass voice in the 
luscious middle section. His 
subsequent recitative, accom- 
panied with excellent control 
. of pitch by the BBC Sympho- 
ny Chorus, was the evening's 

Richard Morrison 



Sir Arthur Sullivan might 
have preened himself that 
musicologists thought his pre- 
viously unpublished Cello 

Reuben Mednikoff s extraordinary mythological creature in Bengal Colonel, {indefinably 
on the bonier of Surrealistic dissociation and satirical fantasy; and Jason Bratby's 
Boytvonder, with just a reminder of his father's technique in the way the paint is applied 

- . - - ■ v ,.>i 4 . 
; '' ' 

j " > ,F ■ v \ r ’ 

Superrealist, Neo-Expressionist, sophis- 
ticated primitive and whatever from 
picture to picture, but there is an 
encouraging consistency of vision. 

Matthew Spender, on show at Gallery 
24 (24 Powis Terrace, Wll, that is), does 
not have the same problem, as his father. 
Stephen Spender, is at least not a rival. 

S ainter — or sculptor, since the younger 
pender works in both disciplines. The 
connections between the imagery of his 
paintings, especially the large groups of 
nude and semi-nude figures which one 
may guess from some of the smaller 
works to be on beaches, and the shallow 
wood reliefs of similar configurations are 
very dear. 

The one-man show gives a powerful 
impression of an artist who has found his 
style, which is reasonable in someone 
who has been exhibiting for some IS 
years, and refuses easy categorization 
because of a natural individuality rather 
than because be thinks he should pull 
himself up by his bootstraps to be 
individual His works are decorative, but 
they are also strong and mysterious as to 
the sources of their strength. 

T , John Russell Taylor 

ritchaid's Concerto of 1 866 worth recon- 
f a solo sinicting after its only auto- 
ded thor- graph full score was lost in a 
I in the fire in 1964. Working from a 
surviving solo part and other 
.. fragments, it was put together 
3r Robert again by David Mackie and 
,laccme ®J Sir Charles Mackerras, the 
re, could latter conducting its perfor- 
oraewbat ntance on Sunday night with 
tpowered Julian Lloyd Webber a capa- 
tsidiously ble soloist, in advance of their 
“Cuius forthcoming recording. 

A theory that the composer 
meant to revise it but lost 
interest before doing so found 
support from this perfor- 
be follow- jnan^ y^th the London Sym- 
T ’ 0 c£r Pbony Orchestra, not through 
me reuc- any shortcomings on the part 
tone and 0 f'tije artists but because it is 
delivery; ^ un even work. The first 
»ntrating movement is over almost as 
radations. soon as it begins; it is followed 
in Tom- by a simple Victorian ballad- 
is” which time as the subject of the slow 
manne to movement, and a longer finale 
r..iarthe that keeps the soloist energeti- 
caMy busy without getting 
anywhere musically. 

rtion. His Finding its style somewhere 
e, accom- between Schumann and 
nt control Bruch, the concerto is unlikely 
: Sympho- to displace better-known ex- 
evening's arnptes from 19th-century rep- 
ertory, unless there is more to 
• te found in its solo writing 
imSOn than this performance re- 
vealed. It was preceded by 
Sullivan's Overture Di ba/lo, 
MT9S which also had some bits put 
back that the composer dis- 
carded. The outcome depends 
■■■" on whether you like Sullivan a 
an might lot or t Htlle- As with the 
iself that resulting additions, both 
hthispre- views are tenable. 
ed Cello The cellist returned to add 



• t ** 

•" ’ V * - 


>&■ 5 t <■ 


his own transcription of 
Elgar's Romance for bassoon 
and orchestra as an inoffen- 
sive party piece, and Sir 
Charles took the LSO through 
an account of the “Enigma” 
Variations which had, on the 
whole, more rhetoric than 
charm. However, there was no 
doubting the affectionate spir- 
it with which various instru- 
mental solos were taken, or 
the splendour of ensemble 

Noel Goodwin 



Wigmore Hall 

In choice of repertoire, Mi- 
chele Campanella is anything 
but an orthodox pianist. For 
one thing, he has a peculiar 
preoccupation with playing 
Wagner on the piano, whether-: 
in the form of the composer's 
wholly unfamiliar original , 
works or in Liszt's transcrip- j 
tions of excerpts from the 
operas. In the Overture to 
Tannhauser, Liszt's over- 
thorough reworking nearly al- 
ways dissolves into an un- 
musical stunt in performance, 
and even Campanella. with 
his seemingly indestructible 
fingers and dedicated stamina, 
did not entirely save it from 
seeming such. 

He uses the piano principal- 
ly as an instrument of colour, 
persuasively advocating to his 
audience that it can accom- 

plish orchestral effects. But, 
when one hears a full half- 
programme in which every 
piece features trmtotandi , 
Liszt's Wagner transcriptions 
seem a wholly inadequate 
substitute for the real thing, 
and the original composer's 
chromaticism lapses into cli- 
che. Campanella is himself 
partly to blame, for his preoc- 
cupation with sonority and 
ihe balance between the bands 
tend to supplant an attention 
to the emotional and ‘expres- 
sive content of a work. 

For instance. Franck's Pre- 
lude. Choral el Fugue should 
have a spiritual impact. 
Campanella underlined the 
contrapuntal detail to the final 
degree, but strangely missed 
the message of the melodies. 

The central Choral's theme 
had an unpleasant feeling of 

Nevertheless, Campanella 
handles the instrument as a 
master-pianist, fully alive to 
the sonority and harmonic 
context of every note. Never 
are his accompaniments mere 
accompaniments: they add to 
the total impact of the sound. 
Liszt's Prelude and Fugue on 
•■BACH” may be a Gothic 
monstrosity of 3 piece, but the 
pianist captured just the right 
air of improvisation that al- 
lowed its exotically dark char- 
acter to rise menacingly from 
the keyboard. 

James Methuen- 




Award Winning Comedy 

Unassailable confidence 

James Brown 

Wembley Arena serve the 

— urgency tin 
How quickly fortunes c h a ng e, 

.When James Brown fast “g*- , 

played in London, less than a ** Jf 

year ago. he did not even have 
a British recording contract, “ESSS* 
and he performed at the 
Hammersmith Odeon. This 
time, flushed with the success 
of a hit single, and with a new ® 

major contract, it was two “JWJJ 
nights at Wembley Arena. JSer^Siov 
“Living in America”, a song ^ 
from the film Rocky IK was ^ a hot 
Brown’s first top-ten single m ^ ?r j n n 
Britain, and his first in Ameri- galvanized 
ca since 1966. That he has 
achieved such a remarkable heights of 
turn-around after more than g^nce. Th 
30 years in foe business is in Swingon 
large part due to his wdefatt- hut perfon 
gable energy and his unassail- determinat 
able confidence in his own nssfui ban 
supreme ability. The rest 

Apart from the ubiquitious mg. as evei 
“Living in America”, which arena pea 
was played at the start and enthusiast 
reprised at the end of the set, and grunu 
the content of his show re- . sketchy an 

mains largely unchanged. But 
it was extraordinary to ob- 
serve the renewed sense of 
urgency that marked the exe- 
cution of so many familiar 

For one thing, now that the 
world agrees with him again. 

Brown no longer feefa the need 

constantly to remind audi- 
ences of his greatness, of 
require the musicians in his 
band to act as cheer-leaders 
throughout the performance. 
This alone made for a much 
tidier show. And, secondly, 
the knowledge that they are 
now a hot property instead of 
an a geing anacronism Has 
galvanized both Brown and 
Es 10-piece band to new 
heights of razor-creased ele- 
gance. These were players 
drawing on veteran experience 
but performing with the lean 
determination of a newly suc- 
cessful band. 

The results were astound- 
ing, as everywhere around the 
arena people danced with 
enthusiasm. Brown barked 
and grunted his lyrics with 
Sketchy arrogance and direct- 

ed eccentric stabbing fanfares 
between numbers with jerks 
from his elbows and shoul- 
ders. “Prisoner of Love” and 
“It's a Man's, Man's, Man's 
World”, two of bis best- 
known slow ballads, provided 
welcome evidence of his actu- 
al singing ability, despite a 
rather brittle PA sound. 

But it was the irresistible 
finale of “Sex Machine", 
“Papa's Got a Brand New 
Bag" and “I Got You (I Feel 
Good)" that best summed up 
Brown's perennial appeaL The 
two drummers bit that perfect 
beat, and the scraping, dicky 
guitar chords, open-ended 
bass patterns and staccato 
horn pans meshed with the 
keyboards to form a churning 
backdrop to Brown's constant, 
agitating dance message. 

As usual Brown yelled out a 
roll-call of names for the 
audience to cheer, including, 
on this occasion, John Belushi 
and Dan Ackroyd. Sylvester 
Stallone, however, was not 

Darid Sinclair 




Michael Bflmcpon . . . Guardian 


Jotin Peter... Sunday Times 




Michael Fta'dHfe ■ ■ ■ Observer 

Amts a imsz&va rai& 

• SmaTTESBURV avenue W1 

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: fJATION a£ 



Putting the health of Britain into shape 

ft. ~ _ __ _ : • 

The^ Government yesterday published 
"* wag-awaited discussion document 
on the future of family doctor services* 
together with those provided by dentists 
find pharmacists* to improve “the 
Wgb standard” of primary 
nealtti care in Britain. At the same time 

it published the review of community 
nursing services hi England with pro- 
posals that district nurses should be 
given limited rights to prescribe 
dressings and ointments. NICHOLAS 
TIMMINS, Social Services Correspon- 
dent, reports. 

GPs: a large dose of ideas 

Changes to make family 
doctors and dentists retire at 
70. to pay GPs a “good- 
practice allowance" for high 
quality care and economic use 
of drugs and hospital services, 
to provide more information 
to patients about their family 
doctor's services and to make 
it easier for patients to change 
doctors —these proposals were 
made yesterday by the Gov- 
ernment in a discussion docu- 
ment on the future of primary 
health pare. . 

The long-awaited docu- 
ment. first promised in 1984, 
is long on items fordiscussion, 
but snort on firm proposals. 

It says that the Government 
“hopes" private Family doctor* 
services will develop to pro* 
vide an alternative to health 
services without suggesting 
any incentives, and invites 


Total £4 

General Denta l Ge neral Medteall 

III MW nil 'll ill 

discussion on whether GPs 
should be allowed to charge 
health service patients for 
routine medical check-ups. 

It suggests that businesses 
might be allowed to run 
“health care shops" where 
doctors, dentists and pharma- 
cists and others could be 
brought together. 

It hints at a possible reduc- 
tion in the number of medical 
and dental students, and at a 
contraction in the community 
child health service, where it 
says GPS. rather than commu- 
nity doctors, should become 
more involved in regular 
monitoring of pre-school and 
school children's health. 

Ordinary dentists, rather 

than the community dental 
service, should generally pro- 
vide services For children, it 
says, but adds that other 
aspects of the community 
dental service need 

For family doctors, the 
Government proposes that a 
system of paying GPs for 
results should be developed to 
bring the general quality of 
family donor services up 
nearer to that of the best. 

The payment system should 
be developed explicitly to 
recognize high standards, 
probably through a "good 
practice allowance". 

With fewer than half of GPs 
(Aidertaking postgraduate 
education, an element could 
be built into the allowance for 
that, together with a review of 
each GP*s performance by 
other doctors, it suggests. 

Whether such a payment 
would be on top of existing 
doctors' pay. or would be 
withheld if the donor failed to 
perform is not clear, however. 

In addition, more of the 
GFs fees and allowances 
should come in a straight 
payment for each patient on 
his list, it says. The implica- 
tion is that doctors would 
receive less in item-of-service 
fees for cervical smears, im- 
munizations and the like. 

Leaflets telling patients 
what services GPs provide 
should be much more widely 
available and the local media 
could be -used to provide 
factual information about 
such things as surgery hours. 

The document stops short 
of clearly proposing that GPs 
should be allowed to adver- 
tise. but says information in 
the media “would help pa- 
tients choose the sort of 
practices they want". 

Patients should be able to 
change doctors without hav- 
ing to consult their local 
Family Practitioner Commit- 
tee or Health Board first, and 
it should be easier and simpler 
to deal with complaints. 

All FPCs. who hold family 
doctors' contracts, should 
have informal conciliation 
procedures to deal with com- 
plaints. The Government pro- - 
poses to'mafce GPs retire at 70, 
while allowing them to go at 
60. with those aged over 65 
needing permission from the 
local FPC or health board to 
stay on. 

The so-called 24-hour re- 
tirement where a GP can 
retire for 24 hours, claim a 
pension and be immediately 
re-employed by the health 
service, is to be abolished. At 
present there are 5 1 5 G Ps aged 
over 70 practising and 76 who 
are aged 80 or over. 

On inner cities, the docu- 
ment says the introduction of 
a “good practice allowance" 
and retirement of elderly, and 
often single-handed GPs, 
should improve services, but 
there is a case for financial 
incentives to encourage GPS 
to work in inner cities. 
Primary Health Care: An 
agenda for discussions Statio- 
nery Office, £6. 

Parliament page 4 


index (1979=100) 

1201 Sight tests 

Nurses: right 
to prescribe 

Big changes in the way 
54,000 nurses in England and 
Wales work in the community 
are recommended in the re- 
port of the comramuty nurs- 
ing review. . . 

It recommends that the 
staff - who include health 
visitors, community mid- 
wives. district oorses, school 
morses ami psychiatric nurses 
- should be organized on local 
neighbourhood areas cover- 
ing populations of 10,000 to 

District . Burses should be 
given the right to prescribe 
such things as dressings, 
ointments and medical 
sprays, for example for leg 
diems, to avoid wasting time 
asking GPs for prescriptions. 
And nurses highly skilled 

in managing pain relief Gar 
the terminally; iO should be 

able, in well-defined circum- 
stances, to control the timing 
and dosage of prescribed 
drugs, without necessarily re- 
ferring to the GP. ■ 

Most controversially, the 
report also recommends that 
family doctors should cease to 
directly employ nmses in 
their surgeries. Such nursing 
should be provided by the 
local health 'authority 
through the' proposed- agree- 
ments foe community a arsing 

Dentists: set number 
of hours on NHS 

Proposals that dentists 
should provide a minimum 
number of boors a week when 
they would be obliged to offer 
NHS treatment to anyone 
seeking it are canvassed in the 
discussion document. 

Patients sometimes have 
difficulty finding a dentist who 
will treat them on the NHS, 
particularly for items such as 
dentures, the document says. 

Malting it mandatory for 
dentists to provide a set num- 
ber of NHS hours could give 
patients more certainty of 
access to NHS treatment, 
although orthodontics would 
not be included. 

The fee system could also be 
changed to pay dentists more 
for preventitive work with 
advice on how to avoid decay. 

Drugs: more on sale 
without prescription 

The charges for patients 
who pay for NHS work could 
be rest r uct ure d so that pa- 
tients paid a p ro p ortion of the 
cost of their treatment rather 
than the present complex sys- 
tem where in some cases 
patients pay all or virtually all 
of the cost of the treatment and 
for other treatments pay vary- 

ing percentages. 

The experimental scheme 
where dentists are paid a flat 
rate for looking after 
children's teeth, rather than 
an item of service payment for 
each piece of treatment they do 
is to be extended, the docu- 
ment says. 

The document also calls for 
further relaxations in the rules 
covering advertising by 

Strict rules insisting that 
pharmacists must directly su- 
pervise the prescriptions they 
dispense should be relaxed, 
the document says, and more 
changes could be made to 
allow drugs ' now available 
only on prescription to be sold 
in chemists' shops without a 
doctor’s prescription. 

In addition, it might be 
possible to allow some drugs 
that now can only sold in 
pharmacies to go on sale in 
ordinary shops. 

Now that most medicines 
are not made up in the 
pharmacy, but come from the 
manufacturers in forms or 
packs that can be dispensed 
direct to the public, the rules 
on direct supervision of dis- 
pensing could be eased to 

allow the pharmacist to spend 
more time advising the public 
on the safe use of medianes. 

The Government also says 
it wants a lively debate on the 
recent recommendation of the 
NiifFieid inquiry into 

The inquiry argued that 
pharmacists should be paid 
less for dispensing and more 
for providing advice to the 
public, and for visiting house- 
bound patients and nursing 
homes to ensure drugs are 
used properly. 

The new contract agreed 
between pharmacists and the 
Government, on which a Bill 
is now going through Parlia- 
ment. will offer benefits to 
pharmacists, patients and the 
taxpayer, the document says. 

of pacts 

' East Berlin (AP) — Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the Sovi- 
et leader, said . yesterday he 
would support the 
“simultaneous" abolition of 
the Warsaw Pact and Nato 

militarv alliances. 

In a speech to several 
hundred factory workers in an 
East Berlin- suburb. Mr 
Gorbachov also reiterated his 
siaiemenl-lha! he was ready to 
meet President Reagan “so 
long as the appropriate inter- 
national atmosphere is 

“We stress our readiness for 
a simultaneous disbanding of 
the Warsaw Pact and Nato or. 
for a start their military 
organizations." he told the 
workers. His comments were 
carried on -East German tele- 
vision during the afternoon. 

“We are ready for a Soviet- 
American meeting *o long as 
the appropriate international 
atmosphere is created, and 
real disarmament steps are 
possible." he said. 

.According to the television 
report, he did not elaborate on 
his statement about the disso- 
lution of the alliances. 

Mr Gorbachov also repeat- 
ed his proposal that conven- 
tional forces be cut back 
across Europe “from the At- 
lantic to the Urals". 

House statement yesterday 
said the summit was in the 
best interests ofboth countries 
(Mohsin Alt writes). 

“President Reagan takes the 
commitment agreed in Gene- 
va seriously — that is. there 
will be a summit in Washing- 
ton in 1986 and Moscow in 
1987 — and assumes Mr 
Gorbachov does too." 

• Berlin ritual, page 6 

Golf ban * 
divers on 
for theft 

By Craig Setim 

Four men who donned 
wetsuits and retrieved mis*-, 

reeled golf halls whidi yeariy 

fell Into lakes on the gotf 
course at the famous Bel%. 
Hotel in Warwickshire were 
nulty of theft, the prosecution 
alleged at Warwick Crown 
Court yesterday. 

. The court heard that the 

men took 448 golf balls worth 

50p each from “water haz- 
ards" on the course. The men 
said they thought they were 
‘doing nothing dishonest be- 
cause the balls had been 
abandoned, but 
turn said the Belfry Hotel 
treated the balls as its own, 
Brothers John Forrester, 
aged 23, and Peter Forrester, 
aged 21, from Robery, Bir- 
mingham; Christopher Mao 
Gfliivray; aged 24. of Weolff. 
Castle, Birmingham: and Ste- 
phen Smith, aged 21, also of 
Robery — all unemployed — 
denied stealing the balls. 

Mr Andrew McFarland, 
prosecuting, said the men were 
found with the balls in the 
early hours of the mor ning. 
Two of the men had wetsuits. 

He said the jury had to be 
sure that the men did what 
they did knowing that they 
were acting dishonestly but 
the prosecution would say that 
somebody who went in the 
middle of the night to Ret 
someone else’s property with- 
out permission must have 
known that what they were£ 
doing was dishonest 
“If there was nothing dis- 
honest why dM they not ask 
the Belfry for permission and 
do it in broad daylight?" 

The case was adjourned 
until today. 

Home loan rates cut 

Continued from page 1 
last night announced a 10.75 
per cent mortgage rate. 

Spending in the shops, 
helped by hopes of lower 
interest rates, soared to record 
levels last month. The cut in 
mortgage rates should boost 
spending further. The cut in 
mortgage rates should boost 
spending further, although it 
mil be partly offset by a drop 
in rates for savers. 

The leading American 

banks, ted by Chase Manhat- 
tan, cut tbeir prime lending 
rates from 9 per cent to 8.5 per 
cent yesterday, the lowest for 
nearly eight years. 

This followed the half-point 
cut in the official discount rate 
to 6.5 per cent on Friday, with 
analysts predicting another 
reduction to 6 per cent by the . 
summer. This is despite a very* 
weak dollar. 

Dollar dumps, page 17 



Today's events 

Royal engagements 

The Duke of Edinburgh, Pa- 
tron. visits the Institute of 
Marketing headquarters and 
College. Cookham, Berkshire. 

Princess Anne opens the new 
YMCA Hostel, St Mary's Rd 
Ealing, 3.45. 

State Visit 

The King and Queen of Spain 
arrive for a Slate Visit and are 
met by the Prince and* Princess 
of Wales. Heathrow airport. 
1 1.35: they arrive at Home Park. 
Windsor by car and are met by 
the Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh. 12; carriage pro- 
cession through the town, leaves 
12.10. arrives State Entrance. 
Windsor Castle. 12.25. At 12.45 

the King's Troup. Royal Horse 
Artillery and the Sovereign's 
Escort of the Household Cav- 
alry. led by the Mounted Band 
of the Blues and Royals, will 
Rank Past and the Guard of 
Honour will March Past the 
King and Queen of Spain and 
the Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh, Quadrangle. Wind- 
sor Castle: there then follows a 
private lunch at Windsor Castle. 
1.30; State Banquet, Windsor 
Castle, 8.30. 

New exhibitions 

Paintings by Peter Rhodes; 
The Garden Gallery. Monson 
Rd. SE14; Tues to Sat 1030 to 
4.30, Sun 1 to 4 fends May 1 1). 

Works by Eight Artists; Wil- 
liam Morris Gallery. Lloyd 
Park. Forest Rd. El 7; Tues to 
Sat 10 to 1 and 2 to 5 (ends June 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,026 

across . , 

I Tennis players with the 
same number of games here 
used to draw (3.6). 

6 In other words, apply fric- 
tion (5). . 

9 He pours out music from 
his lyre (7). 

10 The crown takes a firm 
course, given backing (71. 

II One who has been invited, 

it is supposed in conversa- 
tion (5). . , 

12 Communist admitted to no 

uninteresting cathedral 
(5.4k - . 

13 Impose an obligation on 
. wine store to lake port (4.4). 

15 Her daughter went to Pans 

(4) . , 

19 To start with, girls have to 
dress (4). 

20 Knight's weapon - ns up 
for sale (8L 

23 Wind up near a hill (5.4). 

24 Switch lit up bulb (5). 

26 Leading part in many west; 
ems V ‘Desert Song 
chorus girl? (7) 

rr Dry outside and in. wearing 
19 perhaps (7). 

2 g Two points, then three or 
four, for those competing 

(5) . 

2« One on the scoreboard to 
the other side in encounter 


1 plead with a number to fill 
gaps up in washing kit (6-3). 

2 Where to find brave 
duellist's foot and arm (5). 

3 Problem that in France is 
not resolved (8). 

4 Tea's been ordered, but he's 
not here (8). 

5 Fire’s former name (6). 

6 The globe encased in solid 
ice (6). 

7 Round third man. he’s 
beginning to look familiar 
. . . (4.1.4). 

8 ... to the man at the wicket 
- he’s in a dip (5). 

14 Let loose in Freetown's 
royal hunting ground (3.6). 

16 Place opposite an end to 
lines (<)). 

17 Keep most important army 
at home (8). 

18 City still on cloud nine (8). 

21 Check provided in extreme 
case (6). 

22 Check initially on present 
case (6). 

23 Class dismissed, we hear (5). 

25 Unpopular governments re- 
strict movement (5). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,025 

Concise Crossword page 10 

Works by Albeit Wainwright; 
Michael Parkin Fine Art, 11 
Motcombe St, SW1; Mon to Fri 

10 to 6, Sat 10 to 1 (ends May 

Graham Rust's new illustra- 
tions for The Secret Garden; 
The Chelsea Gardener, 125 
Sydney St, SW3; Mon to Sun 
10.30 to 5 (ends May 6). 

Photographs by Robert 
Doinseau; Insmut Francais. 17 
Queensbeny Place. SW7; Mon 
to Fri 9 to 6. (ends May 19). 

Terry O’Farrell: artist in 
schools project; Whitechapel 
Art Gallery. Whitechapel High 
St, El; Tues to Sun 1 1 to 5, Wed 

1 1 to 8 (ends May 25). 


Concert fay the Delme String 
Quartet; Bishopsgate HalL EC2, 

Recital by Tracey Chad well 
(soprano) and Dorothy Line 11 
(luteV St Martin-in-the-Fields, 
TraJalgax Sq, WC2. 1.05. 

Conceit by the Tallis Cham- 
ber Choir, the English Chamber 
Orchestra, Valerie Masterson 
(soprano) and David Wilson 
Johnson (baritone); Royal Na- 
val College Chapel, Greenwich. 
SE10. 8. 15- 

Piano duet by Berendina 
Cook and Matthew Stanley, 
British Music Information Cen- 
tre, 10 Siatfbrd Place, W|. 7.30. 

Concert by the • BBC Phil- 
harmonic Orchestra with Alison 
.Hargan (soprano); L a ncas t er 
University, 7.30. 

Concert by the Music Group 
of London: Newcastle City HalL 

Piano recital by Thomas 
McIntosh; De La Ware Pavilion, 
BexhSl. 3. 

Talks, lectures, films 

Tolstoi: From Rags to Riches 
(film); The British Library, 
Great Russdl Su WCI. II. 

The Road to the 80's: Modem 
art from abstract to minimal, by 
Cicely Yudkin: Highgaie Lit- 
erary & Scientific Institute. 1 1 
South Grove. N6. 8.15. 

Energy in Zimbabwe today, 
by Mr K. Kangai: Africa Centre, 
38 King SL WC2. 6.30. 

New German architecture, by 
Peter Cook; Godhe-lnstiiui 
London. 50 Princes Gate. SW7. 

30 years of airliners, by 
Captain R E Gillman: Royal 
Aeronautical Society. 4 Hamil- 
ton Place. Wl. 7. 

Rainforest {CtlmY. Museum of 
Mankind. 6 Burlington Gar- 
dens. WL 1.30 and 3. 

Max Beckmann, by Timothy 
Hyman: York City Art Gallery. 
Exhibition Sq. 6. 


Births: Henry Fielding, 
Sharp ham Park, Somerset, 
1707; Immanuel Kant philos- 
opher, konisberg, Prussia 
(Kaliningrad. USSR), 1 724: 
Alexander Kerensky, leader of 
the Russian provisional govern- 
ment in 1917. Ulyanovsk, 1881; 
Kathleen Ferrier. contralto 
singer. Higher Walton. Lan- 
cashire, 1912. 

Deaths: John Tradescant 
naturalist London. 1662: James 
Hargreaves, inventor of the 
spinning jenny. Nottingham, 
1778; John Crane, landscape 
painter, Norwich. l82l;Tlioiiias 
Rowlandson, caricaturist. Lon- 
don. 1827; Richard Trevithick, 
pioneer of steam engines. 
Dartford. Kent 1833; Henry 
Campbell-Bannerman, prime 
minister 1905-08. London. 
1908; Roy Campbell, poet, Setu- 
bal. Portugal. 1957- 

TV top ten 


ItoSonal top ten teter iei on pro g rammes in 

the wMksndtag AptS: 

1. BMt&Kters riue/Scrt, 52.10m 

2 EastEnders (Thur/SuA 21.90m ■ 

5 TTw Grand National, iSASm 
Antiques Roadshow. 13.15m 
5 A Question erf Sport 13.10m 
8 Dates. 12.75m 

7 Mne O'clock Nows (Wed), 1155m 
8 Q.ED .. 10-BSm 

8 Dear John, 10.75m ^ 

10 Tomorrow's World (an Scotand), 

10 Ewry Second Counts, 1ft40 

1 Coronation Street (Wed), Granada. 

1 6.55m _ 

2 An Officer and A Oanfleman, ITV, 

16£5m _ 

3 CoronaSon Swat (Mont, Grenada. 

4 Auf Wfeda raa hen Pet, Centra), 

5 Hie Medina Touch, rfV.14O0m 

8 The Bony Hi Show. Thames. 

7 TN# la Vow Ufa. Theme*, 1320m 

8 Condorman. frv, llSCm 

9 Boor, Central. 12J5m 

10 Splttmil bnaga. Can** 1255m 

BBC 2 

1 MAS.a.5.60 

2 Star Trek, 4^0 

8 That Uncenah Feeing. 4.15 

4 Doutae Image. 4.10 

5 Land of the Tiger. 4J0 

6 Pot Slack ’86 (Tbid. 180 

7 Gerdenere' World. 3AS 

8 Can of the WUd, 3.15 

9 I Cteucfius. 3J36 

9 One Mar and His Dog, £05 

2 BmoJwM?Tije5^^6.15 

3 Ths Missionary, 5.15 

4 Royalty. 4.15 

5 Cheers. 3-90 

6 Pnjspects, 180 

7 Munow.3.60 

8 The Twigtn Zone. 340 

9 Countdown (Mont 136 
10 Ccu*Jo*m(Wed£a» 

Praetfuat m l wWtinrr The average 
weeMy figures tor amtenoes at peek 
times twfch Rowes m pai antoa tea 
showmg the reacn - the number of people 
who weurad tor m leaet three mlnuma): 
fleet: Braafost Tins: Mon to fri 

TV-SmSood Morning flrfteb Mon to Frt 

2.5m (ii Ant) Set 2.4m (5.7m) 

Sun 1.1m 

Broadcasters’ Airfares Research Board. 


London and South-east: A520U 
Excavations to progress in old Street at 
the /unetkm with Great Eastern St. 

isirngtan/Shoredech. A12S: Lane closure* 

and temporary rrm roundabout to Souffi 

Sc Romford, at junction wth Church Rd. 

A321: Enl a rg em ent o< RacksWw round- 

about Sandfint (7 JO am to 5J0J. 

Ths Midlands: MB'- Southbound 

carriageway closed between junctions 18 

and 15 near Stoke-on-Trent: contraflow 

rax t h b u und. M& Contraflow between exit 

5 (DrortWic ft# and sxff 4 (BromsgrDrafc 

both N and soumboird entry stp reads 

are dosed at juncoon 6- Ml: Contraflow 

betwteri wndtow 16 and 1& junction 18 
o dosed. 

Wafas and West MS Haiti stutter 

and lanes one and two dosed northbound 

between junctions 23 and 24- A419: 

Roadworks on n ttencestor to Swat- 

don road at Sooth Carney. A3fc ft* lane 

dosed northbound on » AsMaaion jo 
thread at Ashburton. 

Norte Uk Botti carriageways 
between junction* 32 and 33 ewetwy 
affected af<Wa«nt dmes Owing nbtrid- 
rq the wok. A61» Sewrejetays at 

peek ernes on toe Usds outer ring roads 

the (unction wfth Tongue L ane. A 5ft 

Reeonstruaon work to progress at 

wmxiay Lodge. Whixfey. E or 
Knare9borougft; (Ways poeatoe. 
Scotland: A74: Mag*- roadworks have 

etoaea soutmauid camagaway tor two 

raws mas nwes n ol Lodrartw two way 

traffic norttoound. MS Smgto Itoe traffic 

wuh Stop/Go boards three tntea N ol 
tne ar m onam A9& Wdth restnettai on 

the Great Northern Rd, Aberdeen, at Don 


tatanetton euppttd by AA 


The He 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Debates on 
Opposition motions on housing 
and transport. 

Lords (2.30): Family Law BUI, 
second reading: Legal Aid (Scot- 
land) Bill, third reading; Pai- 
cnis. Designs and Marks Bill, 
report stage. 

Trust open day 

More than 50 National Trust 
properties throughout England. 
Wales and 'Northern Ireland will 
be open free of charge to all 
members of the public tomor- 
row, .April 23. The aim of tbe 
Free Entry Day is to give (hose 
who cannot normally afford to 
visit the Trust's properties the 
chance to do so. The usual 
admission charges wiD apply to 

all other National Trust prop- 

erties tomorrow. 

The following National Trust 
properties wfll be open free 


C a m— S: Comfan Ehgbfas. But Pool 
Redrufc 1 1 to 8; TyMtaflok Gmdmm. 11 to 

6: St MtchmTs Mart. 11 to ft Ttotagd 

Old float Office, 11 to ft TWng— >ito n 
Garden, nr Penzanca 11 to 8. Devon: 
Aritogton Court. Nr Barnstaple. 11 to 6: 
Castfe Drpgo, Drew Sttigraon. 11 to ft 
IQUerton, Broad Oyat. 11 to ft Eaat 
Annie- Feflxtog Heft. Nr Cromer. 12 to 
■Sinn fiftrpoto H«B end Horae Farm, 

Amgton. iTto SJO.UacoMMm- Belton 

House, Grantham, 1 « 530: Tattwshae 

CastJa, It to 630: Horthseap—mMra - 

Canons As«w House. Davemry. 1 to&JO: 

S n m e n ire - dumber Partt (not 

: AlWaton Ctoroy Hot— , The 

Aflnncnam. 1 to 5, end gardens, 12 to 
5.30. Northumbria: Cralgstde Hall, 
Roffibury, 12 to 6 end park. 1030 to ft 
Wastangton Okt Kefl. Tyne & Wear. TI to 
5. UncnM - Button! Ok! Hal. If 
Omskek. 2 to ft Cumbria - Wordsworm to 5. Hatatard- 

sMrw - Barrington HaB, Nr Laomnster, 11 

to 5: Croft Castle. Nr Leomirear. 11 toft 

WtoWt ukah So - Cougtnnn Gout. Nr 
Aloaeter. 11 to 5. Stmm - Condon Park. 

Nr Gukhord. 11 to ft Polesden Lacey. 

Great Bookham. 11 to 6. W Susaut - 

Nymans Garden. Hand cr oss. 11 to 7; 
Retwgrth House. 2 to 8. HampaMu - The 

Vyne mouse and garden), Sherborne S« 

John. 2 to ft.Doraat - Brownsaa Wand, 

Poole Hubow. 10 u 730. tem e ta u - 

Dunster Castla, Nr Mfnaheed. 11 to 430. 

Wfltthire - Stairhead Garden. 8 to 7 and 
House. 2 to 530, Nr Mara. Yorkshire: 
Benrabrourt Hal. York, 12 to 6; 
OmiSEy H&L MUdfasbrntoh 2_® ft 
Treasure's House. York, io3o to ft 
Northern Ireland 
Co Armagh - ArOress House, Portadcwm, 
2 to ft C TWone - The Angary. May. 
wsnnan, 2 to ft Weflnuok Beading 

AMLTtorkhfl. Cookston. 2 to ft Co Dowe - 
Castle Ward. SoWonl. 2 to ft Mount 
Stewart House and Cardan, and Tempts 
of me Winds. N e w t ow na rds. 2 to ft 
RowaBane Garden. Saintfieid. 2 to ft CO 
len. 2 (0 8. Co Londonderry - HezM 
House. Castferock. Coteratne. 2 to ft 
Sprlnghtl, Uorteymore. 2 to 6. 


Chryd - Chirk Castle. Nr Wrexham, 12 to 
5. Gwynedd - Penrhyn Cette, Bangor. 12 

The pound 

Benk Bank 

Buys Sab 

8 220 TJX 

Austria Scb 2*25 23JS 

BetafumF* .STM 

Cam teS 2.17 UR’ 

Denmark Kr 12J4 12.14 

RnteaSMkk 7.33 7.43 

France Fr 11X2 1047 

German y Pm 048 328 

Greece Or 234 M 2RM 

HongKongS 1100 1150 

Mmd Pt 1.145 ■ 1JB5 

Italy tin 237SM TSBLOQ 

Japan Yen 271» 25000 

Nether lands Old ISO 3-71 

Norway to 11-05 1050 

Portugal Esc . , 23100 21000 

Sand) Africa Rd ■ 4.15 035 

Spain Pta 21050 207 JO 

Sweden Kr 11.15 ULSO 

Sv&ertandRr 201 178 

USAS 157 1.50 

YAgeetovtaOar 53000 45000 

Rates for rnnal denbmfaatton benk nates 

orty as auppted try Bareoys Bar* PUG. 

Ratal Mee Mem 3810 

London: The PT Index ctoaed down 8.8 at 


Our address 

Information far Winston in The 
Tlnv-s information service stouw be 
sent lo: The Editor. TTIS. The Times. 
BO Box 7. 1 Virginia Street, lonoon. 



A deep depression mil 
remain slow moving near 
SW En gland white an- 
other small low wfll drift 
slowly N near the North 
Sea coast of Scotland. 

6 am to midnight 


N.NE England, 
lander Sunny start, showers 
devetoptng; wind S moderate; max 
terra) 14C (57F). 

Channel Wanda, SW, NW En- 
Wates, Lake District, Me of 
Sunny intervals and showers, 

heavy and prolonged at times: wind 

S moderate; max temp 12C (54F). 

Borders, Edmtarglv Dundee, SW 
Scotland, Qlesgow, Central Kgh- 
lands. Aigyf, northern In' 
Rather douay, a lltUe rain In pi; 
tumirn showery with bright inter- 
vals developing: wild variable light; 
max temp 11C (52F). 

Aberdeen, Moray Hrih, NE Scot- 
land, Orkney, Shetland: Mainly 

cloudy, outbreaks oi rain; wind Nor' 

NE moderate: max temp'flC (46F). 

NW Scotland: Sunny intervals. 
Isolated showers: wind NE, light; 
max temp IOC (50F). 

Oodook for tomorrow and Thws- 
day: Continuing unsettled, with 
sunny intervals and showers, but 
also soma longer outbreaks of rain. 
Cold in the NE nearer normal In the 

n Moon sets: 

5.16 am 

Rd moon; Apit 24. 

531 am aoapm 

533 pm 

Lighting-op rim e. 

London 838 pm to 5.19 am 
Bristol 8.48 pm to 529 am 

*n3pm 10 5.19 am 

_ 552 pm to 5L22 am 


record your dally 

J1UUMU total. 

Add mew together to determine 
your weekly Portfoli o tore. .... . 

V your cool ma t c hes the oubUgbcd 
weekly dMdtod ngm you five won 
outnaM ora share of -tbe arm mono' 
suued for itiat week, and most r 
your prtoe as uwtr uefad uetow. 

02M43Z7V bmw 

Man «ai boam 


Vouiinun have year rant with you 
when you tPMotwne. 

If you are unable to Mtom 
someone elor can cum on your bettaff 

. _ ord a»d can 


re# m*wvu'Mr ire XCODtCO 

I allure to coo tael me dajnt office 
any reason wntin ino stated 
— v 

The above instrocttoifa are ap- 
plicable to both dally and weekly 
dividend claim. 

for tail 
for a> 

oni Limned or 1 Vfrgtnio street 
Lto v»Oh ^t 9XN. TuHday. Aortl 2T 
tveo. Reretsvd as a rtewsooner at 
Uie Post 55 toe. 

High Tides 


London Bridge 1240 




b-btue sky: t xsOfu a e ^ arat cSond: C- 

doudy: o-overcast: 
hail: nust-mM: r-ratn: a 
thunderstorm: Mhowp. 

Arrows oiow wind dtreetton. wtna 
speed (tnpti) drtled. TamiMratiab 



Gkm 12.06 

Itetr kl i 11.19 

HoMMd 9.36 

KaS 538 



Margate 1124 

I B Tnrtl Haven 5-24 
■ 4.18 

Wto HJ W- NlS 11.10 
ltd* ntn—nradb 

S2 MS 6.7 
32 1133 32 

110 646 114 
32 1028 ai 
11.1 6.31 11.4 
fi.1 S.17 5.1 

6-1 1032 ft4 
42 4.47. 42 
42 11.47*114.6 
42 1128 18 

52 10.01 

6.7 ft44 

82 5 AO 
6.0 101 

8.8 1066 

12 8A8 
42 1120 
62 ftSI 

83 4A4 
17 5.45 
52 4.19 

13 650 

42 1T04 

52 1051 

4.7 10.40 

8.7 655 

43 822 
42 1124 










Around Britain 

Tamperaturwi at trttday yesterday: 0 , 

ctoutf: f, Mr r. rain: s, sun. 

C F C F 

f 848 Qa er m e y I 846 

r 746 tmrwwa ae s 948 

I 948 Jersey c 848 

. e 745 London dr 643 

CwdiH c 745 arochster c 848 
Edbtourgk 1 745 N ewc ast l e r 846 
“ — “ r 948 RUdsMy .e 846 





Sun Rain 
hrs In 

S c e rbore 42 28 

aridtogion S3 28 

Cromer 18 27 


Ctecten 4.1 21 

Mamie X 23 


42 .69 
52 M 
5.7 22 
62 .48 
62 51 
07 23 
72 .50 
72 29 
7 A M 
72 55 
72 53 
72 .44 
82 28 
8.1 48 

92 21 
82 .13 
75 25 
82 .40 

10.1 27 

•Mrssy 7.1 28 

Guernsey 85 .15 


StiiyWes 92 23 

93 25 


fl endow u 






. Mu' 

C F 

12 54 rate 
11 52 ran 

10 .50 ram 

13 55- rain 

13 ' SS ram 

14 57 
12 64 

10 50 

12 54 
14 57 
14 57 

13 55 

12 54 

11 52 

13 55 

14 S7 
13 55 

12 54 

12 54 

13 55 
13 55 
12 54 

11 52 

12 54 
12 54 

hr* kt 

87 122 

Tenby . 93 24 


— J .. ...» -33 ^ 

93 25 



















11 52 surety 
13 55 sunny 

London ft 5 29 
VbanAirpI S3 27 

73 22 

9.1 26 

9.0 .78 

7.0 23 
ftO 27 
43 A1 
33 .47 
52 A3 






St Arnkwws 
Edtebmgh • 

Batfett 72 SB 

52 .49 
7.1 32 
63 24 
62 M 

53 29 

03 - 

02 33 
1.4 .19 

03 24 

42 24 

C F 

11 52 sunny 

10 50 sunny 

9 48 Burma 
.10 50 sunny 

14 57 suwy 

12 54 rate 

11 52 bright 
11 52 wmny 

10 50 eunny 
JO 50 bright 

11 52 ram 

11 52 showers 
10 SO rain 

10 50 snowers 

10 50 has 

10 50 showers 

11 52 showers 
10 50 tU0 

10 SO Showers 
5 41 ran 

7 45 ram 

11 52 ram 
a 46 rate 

11 52 hai 
IQ 50 showers 

Tlwss » Sunday's figure 


MDDAY: c, doutt d, flrtrzle: I, fair: (g, toff r. rah s, sun; sn. sn8w;t blunder. 

mr5h . 













C F 
I 16 51 Cologne ' 
s 21 70 Cphagn 
f 21 70 Corta 
S 22 72 OuMki 
r .10 50 Dubrank 
a 19 86 Fero ■ 

1 27 81 n orance 
f 29 8* Frankfurt 
s 17 63 Rmchal 
- Gene v a 
f 16 61 Glbnltra 
f 13 “55. Helsinki 
a 21 70 HongK 
I 20. 68 IrmArok 
■I 11 52 btenbul 
f 17 63 JedtWt 
c 9 48 JObotg' 
f 14 57 Karachi 
- - - LMnn 
s 28 79 Ltebon 
S 25 77 Locarno 
... iuaerabg 
r 12.54 L Angela* 

C F 
r 10 50 

c 8 43 , 

s 17 63 Mtt 
r 6 43 Keffi 'me 
s 14 57 “ ' 

t 16 61 

C 14 57 
r 11 S 
c 17 63 
1 15 59 
s ia 64 

■ nmi 


B Aires 
Cape Tn 


Ctfctedr c 22 72 Mndnd 

t 14 57 NVonr 
f 12 54 Nfce 
S 37 99 Oslo 
e 18 64 Parle 
s 31 88 Peking 
I 20 68 -Perth 
r 13 55 Prague 
t M 57 ReykM 
r 9 48 Rhodes 
s 29.84 Rgradb. 
C 11 52 F&dsJ 

• C F 
T 17 63 Rome 
s 21 70 _. 

f 1* 66 S 

■ ■ - SPritco- 
s 24 75 Santiago* 
s 28 79 Seofa 
f 15 59 __ 
e 15 59 S» 

» 25 77 

t 15 59 Tel. 

s 37 SS Tenerife 
8 14 57 Tokyo 
8 16 61 TVmnto* 
sn 2 36 Tunis 
r .12 54 Valencia 
’ vaB «*rar 
s 21 To -Venice 
I 13 55 Vienne 
1 9 48 Warsaw 

r 1 
f 15 
c 22 
c 16 
■ -S 25 
f 19 
c 19 
C 14 

C 22 72 
• r- 1? 54 
I 14 57 
I 14 57 

• - , c 9 48 

a IB 68'Waab'tao' f Sf 70 


dsnoiu Sunday’s hgurae. are tatest avtoabte 



**iw TUESDAY APRn. 77 logs 






. ‘‘ 4;? 


FT 30 Share 

1394.5 (-8.6) . 


1668.0 (-12J2) 

USM (Datastre; 
120.20 (+0.12) . 


Lis Dollar 

1.5120 (-0.0010) 

W German mark 

3.3377 (-0.01 9T) 

Trade- weighted 

75.5 (-0.7) 

Dollar slumps as US rates 
are cut to eight-year low 

Prime rates in the United 
Stales were cut by half a point 
to 8.5 percent yesterday, amid 
a sharp dollar slide. In Lon- 
don, money market interest 

By Bailey Morris and JOand Smith 

rates went against the fritema- 
vend and edged up. 

r 4‘.: 


- . V' 

losses cut 

i;! ^n rates 

Pineapple Dance Studios, a 
USM glamour stock -dial has 
lost much of -its glitter for 
investens. cut its pretax losses 
from £197,000 to £68,000 in 
the six months to January 31. 

Tto -Chairman, Ms~ Debbie 
Moore, whobrought-thedance 
studio and clothing group to 
the USM in 1982, said a 
thorough review of the mer- 
chandising side in: Britain 
would benefit quality and 
gross margins. ' * ■ 

There ■ had also been 
progress ■ in America where 
Pineapple operates a Broad- 
way outlet, and is seeking .to 
sell its products. 

Pineapple shares, which 
touched 140p from a launch 
price of 52p, closed 2p higher 
at 50p yesterday. 

Crucible joy 

Morgan Crucible, on turn- 
over of £21 1.5 million (up 6 
per cent), reported pretax 
profits of £18.7 million (up 21 
per cent) lor: the year to 
December 1985. A final divi- 
dend of 4.6p makes 8.5p for 
the year f&Op) 

empns, page 19 

Travis down 

Travis & Arnold pretax 
profits fell by 1415 per cent to 
£8.2 million' m the year to 
December JJi-1 985 (£9.6 mil- 
lion in 1984). Turnover was 
up by 17 per cent to £150 
million. A final dividend of 
6.57p makes 8J2p for the 
year, up 7.6 percent 
-* 1 Tempos, page 19. 

Mr Reginald Bxfeuly, for- 
mer chairman of Epicure 
Holdings, has increased his 
stake, in F S Raidiffe Indus- 
tries, the precision spring 
manufacturer andpauat con- 
tractor, which is effectively a 
shell company, to 27.5 per 
cent MrJohn Cowen, the 
company doctor, . yesterday 
took over as chairman. 

tional . _ _ 

mainly on oil price worries. 

The dollar slumped -to a 
post-war low againsL the yen 
in Tokyo; in spile of heavy 
intervention, -estimated at up 
to. $2 billion, by the Bank of 

in Far East trading, the 
dollar fell to 171 against the 
yen before steadying in-Lon- 
don to close at 172.15. down 
on Friday's close of 174.10. 

The Japanese Government 
is anxious to prevent the rate 
from rising and will try to 
push the rate back to around 
1 80. and stabilize it there. - 

Large US banks began cut- 
ting their prime lending rates 

yesterday to 8.5 per cent in the 
general drive towards lower 
interest rates which was or- 
chestrated by the Group of 
Five nations .earlier this 

The 8.5 per cent prime rate 
. is the lowest level in almost 
eight years. Analysts in New 
York see the prospect of 
another round of rate cuts 
which could cause the US 
Federal .Reserve Board to 
drop the discount rate again, 
to 6 per cent, by this summer. 

Yesterday's cm. triggered by 
Chase Manhattan Bank. J.P. 

. Morgaw Bank. First Chicago 
and others, followed the Fed- 
eral Reserve’s decision late on 
Friday to drop the discount 
rate by half a point to 6.5 per 
cent' Japan followed suit on 

Ministers of the industrial- 
ized nations had agreed earlier 

at a meeting of the Interna- 
tional Monetary Fund in 
Washington that conditions 
were right for further interest 
rate declines. 

This time, unlike the last co- 
ordinated drop on March 7 
and 8. the Federal Reserve, 
alarmed by continued slug- 
gishness in the economy, 
agreed to lake the lead. 

Analysts said that given the 
low in llation rate and low oil 
prices, it has ample room to 
lower the discount rate again 
before summer to stimulate 
the economv. 

Lower US interest rates hit 
the dollar against all major 
currencies except the pound. 
Worries about the failure of 
the Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries, meeting 
in Geneva, to agree on limit- 
ing production sent the pound 

Against the dollar, this fall 
was only marginal. the rate 
dosingjust seven points down 
at S 1.5 1 35. But the pound lost 
nearly three pfennigs to 
DM3.3391 and the sterling 
index was down by 0.7 points 
to 75.5. 

In London, a £1.4 billion 
money market shortage and a 

softer pound tempered base 
Limism. The 

rate optimism. J he three- 
month interbank rate firmed 
by 3 is points to lO 3 !*-** per 
rent, and ihe one-month rate 
was up by a quarter to I0 7 a-?i 

The Bank of England took 

oui pan of the shortage by 
lending £285 million to the 
discount houses at a penal 
1 1.5 per cent rate. Dealers saw 
ihis as steadying tactics by the 
authorities rather than an 
outright rejection on further 
short-term cuts in base rates. 

Shop sales 
to record 

By Onr Economics 

Retail sales in March were a 
record. The volume increased 
by 1.9' per cent, with strong 
sales reported in all categories 
of spending. Sales were 5.3 per 
cent up iareal terms on a year 
earlier. ‘ 

The index of retail sales 
volume rose to 119.4 last 
month (1980=100) from 117.2 
in February. The previous 
record for the -series — last 
August — was 117:5. - 
Sales, at current prices, 
totalled £8320 million in the 
five-week March period. 9 per 




Tin settlement 

Standard Chartered Bank 
has agreed all but the fine 
print of an out-of-court settle- 
ment of its £10 million claim 
against the International Tin 
Council. The offer of a settle- 
ment was first made by the 
rrC.The settlement leaves the 
ITCs other creditors in a 
quandry because the council's 
buffer slock has no assets 
other than those about to be 
paid to Standard Chartered. 
Commodities Review, page 20 


Midland City Partnership 
has agreed to acquire JH 
San key ' and Son for 
£4.375,000. The deal will fur- 
ther expand the outlets avail- 
able for the company's 
electrical •• distribution 

Paper’s £21 m 

The. offer, for subscription of 
£7 million of ordinary shares 
and £9 million of 15 per cent 
unsecured loan stock 1991 in 
Newspaper Publishing, parent 
of Independent, the planned 
quality newspaper, was fully 
subscribed, completing its £21 
million financing. 

cent up on Mart*, 1985. The 

average- weekly sales figure 
was £1*660 milfi* 

ion, compared 
with £1,580 million in 

' .The figures 
geraied -actual sales 
because Easter fell in March 
for the first time since 1978. 
The seasonal adjustment fac- 
tors used frylhe official statis- 
liciansdid not allow fully for 
this, so; the underlying spend- 
ing trend is likely to be for 
more modest monthly rises. 

The Retail Consortium said 
that the figures were very 
good, with strong sales in 
spring and summer fashion 
wear, do^t-yourself products 
and home furnishings. The 
small overall rise in excise 
duties in theBudget prevented 
any dump in sales- near the 
end-oftbe month.. ' 

Cuts in the mortgage rate 
and the reduction is income 
tax should foster further 
spending increases unbecom- 
ing weeks, although the Retail 
Consortium pointed out that 
the availability of credit had 
broken down the relationship- 
be tween changes in the mort- 
gage rate and retail sales.- 

The CBI-FT distributive 
trades survey, published to- 
day, predicts strong April 
sales, citing consumer dura- 
bles in particular. However, 
the official figures may show a 
sales decline in April because 
of the erratically large March 



New York 
Dow Jones - 

184635 (+5.59) 

Ntkkei Dow 

1582720 (+0.66) 

Hong Kong: 

Hang Seng __ — 
Amsterdam: Gen 

Sydney: AO 



B russ e ls: 

General — — 

178828 (-2.02) 

271 .8 (-02) 

_ 1 2183 (-0-7) 

.... 2248.3 (-7.6) 

Paris: CAC 


SKA General — 

615.00 (+1854) 
380-0 (+&8) 

524.70 (same) 


London Fixing: 

AM *342.45 pm-S34M0 

dose S342.0&34&5O (£22625- 

New Yorie 

Comex *342^0442.70 




, 313p (+15) 

Morgan CfW&to - — fgPfjJK 
Expamet 22Qp (+■ 

Wedkm — --328p{- 

Warcfle Storeys — 

Lowe Howard.:., 

Howard Group — 
PWS international 

— 315p(+22) 

— 95p (+15) 


Boc .. 


ici — 






_ 45p(-18) 
709p (-13) 

Harrisons CrosfieM ~~ 373 pH 

Microlease — 

PKt Petroleum — 38p (-12) 




£.- DSG3377 
£ SwFi2-7960 
£ FFr10.6440 

New Yorie 
£51.5130 • 
5: DM23060 
$: Index: U5.4 

ECO £15518 
SORED. 764038 



Bank Base: 10)4% 
3HTXjreh.tatertw* I0t4-lflst% 
3^nomh engifi® Wte^»32^»3z 
Buying rate. 



areon* Treasury BSs 5.88-5.34% 
30^eas bonds *- 

LearingBnps (from left): Adamson, Motthoo and Pickard 

Six directors resign 


Six directors have resigned 
from ti»e Imperial Group 
board foSowing last Friday’s 
announcement - friat Hzmson 
Trust’s £24 billion bid bad 
gone unconditional. 

The only executive dire ct o r 
to resign was Mr Michael 
Pickard, group deputy chief 
executive and chairman and 
chid' executive of. imperial 
Brewing and Leisure. He will 
leave at Ihe end of May. 

The .other five directors 
were Sir Campbell Adamson, 
Sir James Bfyth, Mr James 
Higgins, Mr Geoffrey Mait- 
land Smith and Mre Sara 
Morrison. - 

Mr Pickard said he left after 
amicable discussions with 
Hanson Trust. He was one of 
iaFs rising stars and was 
appointed deputy chief 
executive in mid February, 
after the merger with; United 
Biscuits was referred to the’ 
Monopolies Commission. 

Although he has no definite 

plans for the future be is 
expected to re-emerge shortly 
in a key job. Mr Pickard built 
up the Happy Eater chain of 
roadside restaurants, which be 
sold to Imperial in 1980 and 
1981. His performance during 
the bid battle a pp are ntly won 
him respect in the Gty. . 

Hanson Trust yesterday ap- 
pointed two of its own men to 
the Imperial board. Mr Tony 
Alexander, a director of Han- 
son Trust, became deputy 
chairman and Mr Peter 
Turner, a director rtf' Hanson 
Amalgamated Industries, be- 
came a director. 

Imperial's remaining execu- 
tive directors have not indi- 

cated whether they will be 
Geoffrey Kent, 

resigning. Mr 
chairman and chief executive; 
is expected to bow out before 
his stated retirement date in 
March 1987. Mr Martin Tay- 
lor, a director of Hanson 
Trust, said, “As for as we 
know, the rest axe remaining." 

Three Opec members 
to rebel over quotas 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

' The 13 oil ministers of the started — could cut petrol 
Organization of Petroleum prices and industrial and do- 
Exporting Countries are faced mestic energy costs. Most 
with the problem of announc- Opec members favour a quota 
iog a new production quota of 16.3 minion Jjatrels a day 
system for their cartel in the for the autumn of this- year. 

knowledge that it will be 
immediately ignored by at 
least three of their number. 

The effect, according to oil 
analysts arid traders who have 
been monitoring Opec's week- 
long meeting in Geneva, is 
that world ofl prices will 
continue their- downward 

; A further fell in prices — 
with North Sea oil dropping to 
below$l0 a barrel for only the 
second time since production. 

.rising to 

17.3 million 'in 

However, Iran, Libya and 
Algeria still insist that the 
much lower level of 14 million 
barrels is necessary. 

■ Frustration within Opec 
during discussions on a new 
quota has resulted in bitter- 
ness between Iran and Iraq 
and the latter's Arab Gulf 
allies emerging as an impor- 
tant issue. 

boards stay 
firm on 

By Lawrence Lever 

The disclosure of a broad 
range of financial informa- 
tion, such as surrender values, 

lax implications and charges, 

for life insurance and unit 
trust sales is recommended in 

a document issued yesterday. 

y by the 

Produced jointly 
Securities and Investment 
Board and the Marketing of 
Investments Board 

Organising Committee, it 
however fells short of recom- 
mending full disclosure of 
commissions earned on sales 
of these products. 

Instead the two organiza- 
tions are bolding on to the 
purist view originally can- 
vassed in a Miboc paper 
issued last December. This 
requires products to be sold 
either by company representa- 
tives acting on behalf of one 
company only, or through 
independent intermediaries 
capable of offering the best 
selection from the market 

Company representatives 
will not have to make any 
disclosure of the commissions 
they earn, while a limited 
form of disclosure will be 
available to intermediaries 
selling prpducis of companies 
party to an industry agree- 
ment on commissions. 

The document, however, 
outlines the conduct of busi- 
ness rules aimed at eliminat- 
ing the risks of commissions 
improperly influencing the in- 
termediary or representaive's 

These include the “ best 
advice" rule whereby an inter- 
mediary will have to take 
reasonable steps to find what 
be believes is the best product 
in the market for the particu- 
lar customer. 

The rule will require a 
company representative to se- 
lect the most appropriate 
product offered by his compa- 
ny, and not to reccommend 
one if none is appropriate. 

Moreover, life companies 
will not be allowed to pay 
intermediaries differential 
commissions or give other 
inducements Likely to lead to 
the intermediary breaching 
the“ best advice" rule. Nor 
will they be able to offer their 
company representatives re- 
muneration packages having 
the same effect 

Kleinwort tactics under fire 

Kleinwort Benson, the mer- 
chant bank, was accused yes- 
terday of breaking tite.spirit of 
the City code on takeovers in 
the bitter battle for ExteL the 
news and information group. 

Demerger Corporation, 
which is bidding 400p a share, 
claimed that Kleinwort Ben- 
son, ExtePs adviser, attempted 
to. pick up a vital parcel of 
institutional shares in Extel 
above the offer price in order 
to block the bid. 

ExtePs shares shot up 1 7p to 
4 1 3p in the stock market. 

Mr Peter Earl wbo,is lead- 

. By Cliff Feltham 
ing the Demerger campaign, 
protested to the Takeover 
Panel at the tactics. 

He also wrote to Mr John 
MacArthur, a director, of 
Kleinwort Benson, drawing 
parallels with the Westland 
affair “when institutional 
shareholders were offered pre- 
mium prices for their shares in 
order fora blocking stake to be 
built up at a time when such 
prices were not available to 
small shareholders." 

There was no immediate 
reaction from Kleinwort Ben- 
son although the Takeover 

Panel's view is likely to be that 
there is nothing to prevent a 
defending bank demonstrat- 
ing support for its client by 
purchasing its shares. 

Mr Alan Brooker. the Extel 
chairman, last night sent a 
further letter to shareholders, 
again uiging them to throw 
out the Demerger offer and 
pointing out the acceptances — 
which Mr Earl now puts at 
around 38 per cent — mainly 
comprised associates of the 
investment group M1M or Mr 
Robert Maxwell who has 
joined the Demerger board. 

Efl^p ID UK MUIA ludj&cu jgov+iuii uum rutiuwui i dcu- EVUUCll jvwAwtn wnu uu: 

Mr. Peter Earl who, is lead- sop although ibe Takeover joined the Demerger board. 

Shares surge will take Dow 
to 2,100, says Drexel 

By Richard Lander 

The leading, Wall Street 
investment bank Drexel 
Burnham Lambert is forecast- 
ing a farther surge in Ameri- 
cas share prices that wiQ tike 
the Dow Jones industrial aver- 
age to about 2,100 by the end 
at the year — a rise of 15 per 
cent from the preseat near: 
record terete. 

Mr Barton Siegel Drawl's 

chief investment officer, p ai rt - 
eda rosy pfot*« fiw US equity 
investments, particularly in 
multinational conglomerates, 
when he addressed leading, 
institutional dieuts ia London 

He said company earnings 
would benefit from a surge in 

By Richard Lander 

American econ om ic growth to 
an animal rate of about 4 per 
cent, probably in the second 
half af the year, while inflation 
would probably remain dose 
to present low levels. 

Recent Calls in interest rates 
and oil prides would encourage 
consumer spending this year 
and sboaid boost capital ex- 
penditure in 1987, while lower^ 
imports and higher exports' 
resulting from a weaker dollar 
would also feed GNP growth. 

Mr Siegel said the benefit 
rial effects of this “seminal 
transition" in the economic 
scene would be seen primarily 
loathe grice of shares rather 

fan high-quality US Trea- 
sury hoods. 

Pointing oat that the brad 
market had significantly out- 
performed stocks since the end 
of last year, Mr Siegel said the 
gap between the returns on 1 
equities and long-term bond 
yields now stood at about 15 
per cent, the highest since 

“We don't expect interest 
rates to move up until there is 
dear evidence of economic 
recovery and so we see stocks 
rising to narrow that gap,” Mr 
Siegel said. 

He advised clients to take 
profits in Treasury bonds. 

Wall Street, page 18 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Cliffhanger in the 
Hambros soap opera 

The suspension of shares in Hambros 
pic early yesterday alerted the City to 
the imminence of crucial develop- 
ments jn a family soap opera that had 

downmarket Hambro Life Assur- 

been shaping up for many months 
first acknowledged in public 

but was 
in January. 

The fate of Hambros. parent of the 
City merchant bank, has been in the 
melting pot ever since the two sides 
of the Hambro family begged to differ 
over their response to the big bang 
and. as a consequence, made arrange- 
ments to sell the controlling stake 
held by the family-dominated but 
separately-quoted Hambro TrusL 

This was not a simple matter since 
the Hambros voting structure was of 
the old-fashioned kind designed to 
maintain family control. With some- 
thing like 15 per cent of the Hambros 
equity, Hambros Trust exercised 
almost 50 per cent of the votes. The 
dissident group, led by Rupert Ham- 
bro and his two brothers, supported 
by father Jocelyn, agreed to smooth 
matters by merging die high and low- 
voting shares into one class of equity. 

They agreed that before the scheme 
was pushed through, there would be 
no sale without the approval of the 
Hambros pic board. The scheme has 
not yet been put into effecL This may 
be why the market sensed that 
weekend takeover rumours did not 
mean that an immediate takeover bid 
was certain and the shares were 
actually suspended at 303p, some 
way down on Friday’s price. 

The effect of the scheme would be 
that, though a sale is likely to lead 
eventually to some other group 
controlling the bank, it would be 
possible for Hambros pic to stand on 
its own two feet and retain its 
independence. That would even be 
possible if the Trust stake was sold to 
a single buyer. 

A placing of the shares in the 
market theoretically gives the other 
faction, led by the Hambros pic 
chairman Charles Hambro, a fairer 
wind. It may make little difference in 
practice unless the shares go to 
institutions or others that have an 
interest in maintaining Hambros’ 
independence - Sir Jeffrey Sterling 
and P & O have a potentially strate- 
gic holding. 

Here, the source of the parting of 
the ways is relevant to the outcome. 
Rupert Hambro (who controls 30 per 
cent of Hambro Trust) has made it 
clear that he and his brothers want to 
run some kind of financial operation 
more akin to the old-fashioned 
partnership bank, which sounds a 
little like how that other family 
dissident Jacob Rothschild has ended 

Those at the helm, however, 
principally cousin Charles (who 
speaks for 26 per cent of the Trust), 
John ‘Chips' Keswick of that ilk and 
Christopher Sporborg (son ofHeniy), 
were clearly worried about the high 
risk involved in the big bang com- 
petition from much bigger fish. 
Instead, they reflected on the wonder- 
ful success the group had (thanks to 
Mark Weinberg) through 


After what now looks a false start in 
buying 29.9 per cent of the stock- 
broker Strauss Turnbull, Hambros 
then made a pricey bid for control of 
the estate agent Bairslow Eves. The 
new-look Hambros that was emerg- 
ing was therefore as likely to prove as 
attractive to the tobacco conglom- 
erate BAT, which had bought the 
former Hambro Life as to any 
number of City or overseas 
banking/financial groups. 

Questions for Tiny 

Lonrho, which early in the day had 
confirmed an interest in Hambros, 
was acting entirely in character bold, 
enigmatic and designed to disturb. 
The notion that Rupert Hambro 
would open the door of this establish- 
ment merchant bank to Roland 
“Tiny” Rowland, the leading non- 
establishment figure, seems in- 
credible only to those unfamiliar with 
the lengths to which disaffected 
members of establishment families 
are prepared to go. 

Though there is. in fact, no deal 
with Lonrho. the business of 
scrutinising Lonrho wifi go on. The 
100 years war between Mr Rowland 
and the AJ-Fayed brothers continues 
on several fronts; rumours of a bid for 
Lonrho, from the United States ebb 
and flow, while rumours of a major 
takeover by Lonrho flow and ebb; 
and the state of Lonrho's balance 
sheet suggests that failing a major 
takeover by Lonrho. a substantial 
rights issue might answer some of the 
questions raised by Lonrho's latest 
(1984-85) accounts. 

The accounts would have to be 
examined more closely if, for exam- 
ple. Lonrho were to embark seriously 
on an acquisition viewed by the 
Government or the Bank of England 
as particularly sensitive. The in- 
triguing areas are gearing, the group's 
liquidity, asset revaluations and 
depreciation policy.They are closely 

Simply on the published figures, 
Lonrho’s gearing has improved in the 
last three years. In the last accounting 
year, the sale to the AI-Fayeds for 
£138 million of Lonrho's 29.9 per 
cent stake in House of Fraser greatly 
improved Lonrho's liquidity. The 
main reason for the improved gearing 
however, was the rise in fixed assets. 
Lonrho reviews its fixed asset valua- 
tions each year, adding any surplus to 
the group accounts. Over four years 
this accounting procedure, which also 
takes into account exchange adjust- 
ments (negative to the tune of £41 8 
million over the same period), has 
boosted the value of fixed assets and 
investments by £568 million. In other 
words the net benefit (£150 million) 
of regular revaluations more than 
accounts for the rise in Lonrho's fixed 
assets since the end of 1 980-8 1 . 

It is also worth noting that more 
than £500 million of Lonrho's total 
assets are not depreciated. 

Meanwhile the show goes on. 


Discount pic 

“Alexander would cash my bill 
down on the counter, Sir ” 

(John Sedley in Thackeray's Vanity Fair). 

. . . and we still will 


Alexanders Laing 

&Cruickshank Holdings Ltd 














































































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iii£ TlM^S HJfcsPAV APRIL 22 iV»6 


group may Clio, 

bid for Olldl 

Bentalls ni*ni 




' BTR’saccpunts go a long way 

to answering present worries 
about congJonSerates. They 
demonstrate the speed with 
which. BTR has a<gam;^ fed 
Dunlop and tbe group’s fi- 

incre ase ^ the geographic 
^pread of its activities. 

Understanding what Mor- 
gan CruriWe is about is 
perhaps most easily ex- 

Plained through hTmartet 


- the tumrou od should bring 
i consolation to Hanson 
1 Trust’s shareholderswhoare 
in a similar position to BTR's 

" a year ago. 

Dunlop con tributed £74 
million to BTR’s pretax prof- 
. its on sales of £594 million. 
■. But the. new breakdown by 
r activity demonstrates "that 
; the existing operations also 
increased profits, though that 
reflects better margins rather 
than higher sales. 

After receiving £305 mil- 
■ lion on foe-sale of Com hill 
: and recent bond issues, the 

S proprtion . of net debt to 
shareholders' ftmds is only 18 
. percent BTR could therefore 
> easily afford another acquisi- 
tion though it may well 
choose to limit itself to an 
. outlay of £500 million rather 
• than joining tbe mega-league. 

Hanson is at tbe other end 
- of the takeover cycle, having 
" just acquired . Imperial 
Group. Its share price is 
■' depressed by the paper it has 
I issued and.. by questions 
« raised by Im penal about its 
* rate of organic growth. At 
» 1 65p, its shares are trading on 
1 12.5 times prospective eara- 
V mgs, assuming profits this 
year of £430 million, which 
■ represent s a 2L S point dis- 
count on BTR’s rating, pro- 
vided^ profits reach £480 
million. - 

That gap is much more 
lllcely to narrow than widen, 
especially -if there is early 
evidence of an improved 
l perfo rmance from Imperial 
r BTRY price- looks strirng and 
> could rise further once wor- 
ties about succession, with 
Sir Owen Green expected to 
- retire soon, are cleared. 

Z The market’ expects news 
: of an internal promotion at 
* the annual general meeting 
*. on 14 May. By then senti- 
„ ment to Hanson may also be 
- improving. • 

: Morgan Crucible 

' Mmgan OriiciUe, one of the s 

•• world's * martrrrfllc 

. technologists, is pntsmng a 

driven group of the 1970s 
1 with a ‘‘this is wha t we 
do you want to buy itT* 

- mentality. 

Rather, the company 
wonts with the customer to 
solve his problems using 
specialist expertise to design 
materials with the character- 
istics he needs. 

- The two maiyi materials the 
company specializes in are 
carbon and ceramics. Carbon 

' . sales growth is most likely to 
arise from .the increasing 
popularity of Mass Transit 
rail systems. These use car- 
bon in the overhead panto- 
graph, which ; transmits 

Morgan Crucible, with its 
superior technology and local 
servicing ability, is looking to 
break into original suppliers' 
preserves, such as the Japa- 
nese “bullet” train. 

Tire properties of silicon 
have taken the company into 
electronics; where the silicon 
photo-diode is used in weap- 
ons simulation systems. Its 
small base in this'fidd hats 
been significantly expanded 
by the £49 million acquisi- 
tion of First Castle 
Electronics. ' 

Morgan aims to have one- 
third of its profits Jn each of . 
three main geographical areas 

- the Americas, the Far East 
and Europe. 

It is weakest in the Ameri- 
cas, and it wiD be expanding 
vigorously there. Yestenfeyrt 
announced .the acquisition of 
Duramic Products Inc, an 
American nMnu ft pt m w of 
ceramic components. The 
cost was S5 million cash (£33 
million) and the company 
will become a subsidiary of 
ihe newly-fonned Morgan 
Matroc Inc which wfli be- 
come a major vehicle for 
expansion m the US. 

Moigan Crucible also an- 
nounced its results for the 
year, to December. .Pretax - 
profit was up 21 per cent to 
£18.7 miffion-Profits should 

The share price has en- 
joyed a renting recently, the 
extent of which has been 
obscured by bid hopes since it 
was disclosed that Robert 
Holmes £ Court's Bell Re- 
sources owns. 1 1 per cent. 

Travis & Arnold 

Travis & Arnold, whose trad- 
ing margins in tbe past have 
approached 7 per cent of 
turnover, has been one of the 
most profitable of the 
builders' merchants. 

However, in its results to 
December 1985, announced 
- yesterday, it reported trading 
margins of just under 5 per 
cent on turnover up 17 per 
cent to £150 million. Pretax 
profit was down to £83 
million compared with £9.6 
.million last year. 

*• The figures are distorted by 
the acquisition of Kennedy's 
(Builders' Merchants) for £14 
million cash in the middle of 
1985. As a result, Travis & 
Arnold sacrificed £700,000 of 
. investment income in the 
second half for a scant 
£100,000 of trading profit 
from Kennedy's. If 
Kennedy's is excluded, trad- 
ing margins in 1985 were still 
down, at 5.6 per cent 
Although bad weather 
played a part, the main blame 
for last year’s woes ties with 
interest rates, which were up 
nearly 3 percentage points on 

• A few straws in the wind 
indicate that 1986 may prove 
to. be happier for the groupL 
Falling interest rates and a 
more buoyant economy 
means that house-builders, 
one of its main markets, can 
pick themselves up, weather 

The acquisition of 
Kennedy's should start to 
benefit the bottom line in 
1986, although h will not be 
at full profit-earning capacity 
until 1987. The group will 
also start to rebuild its deplet- 
ed cash balances. At the end 
of 1985 it still had £1.5 
million of net cash, despite , 
the acquisition. 

The contribution from , 
Kennedy's and a recovery to , 
more normal trading margins ] 
means that pretax profits ; 
should improve to £10.5 . 
million in 1986. implying 
earnings per share of 45p. • 

By Jeremy Warner 

Business Correspondent 

The Capital & Counties 
property group said yesterday 
that h might bid for Bentalls. 
the department store compa- 
ny. A takeover offer has been 
in the air since a group of 
dissident family shareholders 
emerged early last month. 

Although Capital said that 
any bid would be close to the 
1 70p Bentalls share price rul- 
ing at the time of yesterday's 
announcement, Bentalls' 
shares raced ahead to 2Q5p. 
valuing the Kingston upon 1 
Thames company at £853 

Mr Edward Bentafl, chair- 
; man of Bentalls. shunned the 
| approach as “unsolicited and 
! unwelcome,” and said be 
; thought that the company 
would have enough support to 
repulse any bid. 

Mr Ray Moorman, manag- 
ing director of Capital & 
Counties, said he had held 
talks with a group of trust 
beneficiaries who bad publicly 
voiced their disappointment 
with Bentalls' performance 
after plans were announced on 
February 26 for a £100 million 
redevelopment of the Kings- 
ton site. 

Bentalls’ chosen partner for 
the site was Norwich Union, 
whose proposals were pre- 
ferred to those of Capital. 

Mr Moorman said that the 
trust beneficiaries had indicat- 
ed that they would favour 
their trustees accepting an 
offer from Capital. 

“We believe we can do 
better than the plans that have 
been announced." 




By Michael Prest 
Financial Correspondent 

Share prices tumble as 
profit-takers move in 

Stock markets began the sec- 
ond leg of the account on a 
drab note as institutional in- 
vestors returned to the side- 
lines allowing profit-takers to 
gain the upper hand. 

There was little change to 
the underlying firm trend as 
lower US prime rales followed 
discount rate cuts in America 
and Japan over the weekend. 

However, conventional gilts 
gained almost a foil point and 
leading shares closed with a 
majority of falls, some inter- 
nationals particularly con- 
cerned with the continued 
strength of the pound against 
the (foliar. 

Tbe FT 30-share index fin- 
ished down 8.6 at 1394.5 
while FT-SE 100 lost 12.2 to 
dose at 1,668.0. 

BOC Group tumbled ]7pto 
353p while 1CL reporting next 
Thursday, slipped Up to 
956pi fed— resisted the 
trend, up 3p to 426p. and 
Aflied-Lyons jumped !5p to 
3I3p as Elders reiterated its 
firm bid intentions. 

Marks and Spencer, report- 
ing soon, hardened 3p to 2 1 5p 
after a favourable mention. 
Guinness, at 306 p, and Royal 
Insurance, 9 1 2p. replacing 
Distillers and Imperial Group 
in the FT index, fell 14p and 
2p respectively. 

In stores Bentalls leapt 39p 
to 20Sp on news of a possible 
bid from Capital and Conn- 
ties. Laura Ashley shares were 
wanted at 2l5p, up 7p. ahead 
of tomorrow's results, but 
adverse comment knocked 
l6p from Martin Ford at 92pL 

Builders were supported as 

three leading building societ- 
ies cut one percent from their 
mortgage rates. 

C H Beazer improved I3p 
to 655p on suggestions that it 
may bid for Wirapey, 6p better 
at 1 77 p. Wimpev's results are 
expected on Thursday. Tar- 
mac held firm at 504p. up 6p, 
ahead of next Tuesday's fig- 
ures while comment support- 
ed McCarthy and Stone at 
305p, up I5p. 

Oils tost ground as the 
majority of Opec members 
favoured an increase in out- 
put BP dropped I2p to 538p, 
while Tricentrol tumbled 1 5p 
to 4Sp following a report 
suggesting the possible closure 
of its exploration and produc- 
tion division. Piet Petroleum 
shares were another weak spot 
at 38p. down 12p. after a sell 
recom mendation. 

There was US demand for 
international favourites Jag- 
uar at 468 p. up 2 Op. and 
Reuters, 22p higher at 450p. 
on hopes that the Govern- 
ment wilt change its mind on 
the proposed ADR tax. 

Best of the weekend press 
tips included Thomas Robin- 
son at 333p. Frederick Cooper 
1 lOp and Birmingham Mint 
!68p. between 14p and 25p 

F S RatdifTe shares were 
marked up 1 Op to I46p as Mr 
R J Brealey increased his 
holding to 27.5 per cent. 
Wadlrin. reporting full year 
results next Monday, was up 
another 23p to 328p. 

Travis and Arnold im- 
proved 5p to 403p in spite of 
lower profits, but a 14 percent 
reduction in earnings knocked 
lOp from Microlease at 158p. 


Abbon M v <i8(b) 
Ashley (L) (135p) 

BPP (160p) 

Broo* mourn (I60p) 
Chancery Sees (Sip) 
Com 9% A 2000 
CraftSWK* M (95p) 
Diatena (I28p) 
Ferguson U) (lOp) 
Goto Girt Trot (Item 
Granyta Surface (5Sp) 
Irtoeo (55p) 

JS Pathology (160D) 
Jams Porter (lOSpj 
KJearfoU map) 

Lee Jnt) (I80p) 

Lexicon (ll5o) 

Macro 4 (I05p) 
Menvale M (ll5p) 
Norank Sys (90p) 
Really Useful (330p) 
SAC Inti (lOOp) 

221 -2 
205 +3 
134 +1 

Specialist Lloyd’s 
brokers to merge 

By Alison Eadie 

two-pronged^ strategy ,. Tor leap another 25-30 per cent earnings per share of 45p. 
growth — to reduce depen- this year. With its snbnoniral This puis the shares on an 
denceon declining industries tax charge, this implies earn- *- undemanding prospective 
sucbastnetal smelting (now ~in{? per share of 19.5panda - rating of'9.5 on the current 
less than lOper cerift and to multiple of 14 timesearoings, price of 403p. 

less than 10peromt), andto multi^eofl4 timesearoin8S. 

“ Textiles investment hit 

; By Teresa Poole ■ ■ ■. 

The Britah Textile Corifed- depend on whether the Euro- 
I eration today Wames the pean Economic ^ Community . 
: — Government’s approach to ihe sticks to the agreof mandate in 
: " Multi Fibre Arrangement , the detailed MFA negotiations 
■« (MFA) foralevdHng off m over the next few months. It 
. ~ investment m foe industry!. .. gives warning that a weaker 
; In its annual 'report, Mr MFA policy in the EEC could 
^ Harry Lesich, presidentof the result in a wave of imports 
confederation, : says that ihe barred from foe United States 

. , - Government’s call tar tbe 
i Z weakening of foe MFA, which 

- governs ' most of tire world’s 
■ Z trade in textiles, has had a 

■ - particulariy darning effect on. 
mvestmetxL. . 

h t* Capital roen^utg in Britain 
^ on textiles, feather and clothing 

- in 1985 was unchanged on 
; ■ 1984, at £255 million, after 
; three years of steady growth. 

Tbe confederationsays that 
' Z the outlook for this year will 

bong sucked into Europe: 

The performance of foe 
British textile industry so for 
this year hasbeendooded by a 
tumround in the balance of 
trade in textiles- 

The growth in-imports has 
ac ce lerat ed, up 10 per cent by 
volume in January and 7 per 
cent in February, while exports 
are down. In January and 
February export volume feu 13 
per cent and 5 per cent 

Bank of Ireland 

announces that 
with effect from 
close of business 
on 22nd April 1986 
its Base Rate for lending 
is reduced from 
11% to 1015% 
per annum 


Waste firms 
to combine 

By Ronald Faux 

• One of foe biggest unlisted . 

SC ^ aD ' 1 ™ rcducli^nStonL^ 

formed yesterday by a merger w 1 

BncSfStap. H Jon ** COTt of «■“ e S uit » ^ 

Trust’s waste-handling sub- , 

si diary. 

Tbe new company, to be 
called Shanks & McEwan, will 
be capitalired at £54 million 
| and will become one of the 
largest waste disposal groups 
in Britain. 

Shanks & McEwan's main 
work, has included waste-han- 
dling and scrap recovery for 
tbe British Steel Corporation’s 
plants at Clydesdale in the 
west of Scotland and Corby in 

London Brick LandfiB is 
one of Britain's top waste- 
handling companies. About 
65 per cent of its turnover 
comes from the disposal ol 
domestic waste collected by 
local authorities. 

Mr- Ephraim Maigufies. 
chairman of S & W Bensford, 
yesterday took the offensive 
against Hillsdown Holdings 
which has made a £430 mil- 
lion offer for the commodity 
and British Sugar Corporation 
group. . . 

He rejected the bid as 
“wholly unacceptable” and 
told foe company's annual 
metering that he was very 
pleased with trading so far this 
year. He'admitted that discus- 
sions, understood to hie on a . 
management buyout ot 
Berisford's commodity trad- 
ing business, had been held 
with Tate & Lyle. 

Mr Margulies alleged that 
foe Jlillsdown offer would 
I result in a “staggsring 67 per 
cent reduction in income to 
1 shareholders". 

HiUsdown’s all-share offer, 
moreover, would give 
Bensford shareholders only 45 
per cent of foe equity of the 
combined group, in return for 
contributing 58 per cent of foe 
earnings and 67 per cent of tbe 

Bensford is believed to be 
holding discussions with other 
parties who might be more 
prepared to accept a manage- 
ment buyout than is 

Although Hillsdown has not 
ruled out selling foe commod- 
ity trading operations to Mr 
• Margulies and other directors 
it does not regard such a deal 
as a condition of a takevoer. 

Tate must decide soon 
whether to launch a 

Bensford yesterday advised 
its shareholders to take no 
action. Hillsdown published 
its formal offer document 

Two specialist Lloyd's in- 
surance broken, PWS Inter- 
national and Howard Group, 
are combining in an agreed 
£S7 mBfioa merger. 

The new group will have a 
brokerage income of more 
than £15 naOioa, making it tbe 
seventh largest quoted insur- 
ance broker. 

Technically, the bid b being 
made by PWS, which has a 
full quote compared with 
Howard’s nnlisted securities 
market quote, although it b 
foe smaller company. 

The combined group, which 
wiO retain foe name PWS 
i International, will be ran by 
! Howard’s managing director, 

| Mr Ronnie Ben-Znr. The 
I PWS chairman, Mr Malcolm 
1 Pearson, will be non-executive 

The companies are relative 
I newcomers to the stock mar- 
i ket, with PWS obtaining a 
1 listing in Jnly 1984 and How- 
! ard coming via a placing last 
, ApriL 

They are in different areas 
of insurance broking. Howard 

specializes in American casu- 
alty and property insurance 
and PWS in international fire, 
accident and marine reinsur- 

The merger wQ) reduce 
Howard's strong dollar depen- 
dency. PWS has a wide cur- 
rency exposure with one-third 
of its business in leading 
European currencies and less 
than 20 per cent in dollars. 

In tbe six months to last 
September. PWS made tax- 
able profits of £591,000. but 
an operating loss of £197,000 
against a previous operating 
profit of £537,000. The loss 
was the result of reduced 
commissions on underwriting 
and reinsurance pool facilities 
and the strength of sterling. 

Mr Pearson said yesterday 
that the fire pool reinsurance 
had been renewed on January 
I at slightly better commission 
rates and with better security. 

Howard Group made tax- 
able profits of £33 million in 
the year to September 30, 
againrf £701,000 in 1984. 

SPP (125p) 153 +2 

Templeton (21 5p) 215+2 

Siomex (I01p) 73 

Snowdon & B (97 p) 125 +2 

Spice <80p) 98 

Teen Comp (13ft» 212 +5 

Underwoods MBOp) 186 

Wefcxxne (120p) 201 -2 

W York Hosp ftOp) 75 

Wckes (140p) 184 -1 


Bensons Crisps N/P 9-3 

EJS HtO 33 

Greycoat N/P 236 

Hartwells n/p * 

inti Leisure N/P 5 -1 

NMW Comp P/P 365 

Snare Drug N/P 35 

Turner & Newell N/P 34 

Wales F/P 147 +1 

(Issue pnee in brackets). 

US group 
buys BL 

By Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

Self Changing Gears, foe BL 
subsidiary which makes trans- 
mission 'systems for trucks 
and buses, has been sold to the 
American-owned Cummins 
Engines group. 

Leyland Vehicles, the BL 
commercial vehicle company, 
said yesterday that the agree- 
ment had been reached in 
principle and no financial 
details were available. The 
250 SCG employees at the 
company's Coventry factory 
had been told that no redun- 
dancies would follow the 

The SCG management said 
the deal was in the best 
interests of the workers and 
brought together two compa- 
nies with complementary 
product ranges. 

SCG, which has a turnover 
of £11 million a year and 
exports 75 per cent of its 
outpuL will retain its identity, 
said the company, and would 
continue to design, manufac- 
ture and sell its own product* | 

Disappointing profits jag 
week upset Chiysafis IQP 
lower at J98p. The absence of 
bid developments led Sowm 
Engineering a! 273p, Kio 
Timo-Zinc at 709p and 
Lomho at 271p between 6p 
and 13pdown. 

Takeover favourite Rune 
Industries was marked up 
5fcp to 58fcp while Expamet 
climbed 20p to 220p in a thin 
market. Extd gained 20p to 
4l3p as the Demerger Corpo- 
ration extended its offer until 
next Monday. 

Pritchard Group added 3%p 
to 69V:p on suggestions that 
Hawley Group may bid. 
Wardle Storeys owed its !2p 
rise to 325p to a favourable 
circular from de Zoete. 

Insurance broker Howard 
Group, at 315p, and PWS 
International. 13p higher at 
2&8p. benefited from the 
merger plans. The acquisition 
of Limehouse boosted Trftkm 
1 5p to 95p. but higher profits 
foiled to help Folkes Group, 
Sp easier at 35Vip. Tipbook 
remained firm at 260p, up 

Hambro shares were sus- 
pended at 300p, down 15p, 
after a flurry of takeover 
speculation over the weekend. 
Palm oil worries overshad- 
owed Harrisons Crosfield at 
373p. down 12p. BPCC was 
strong at 298p. up 13p. 

The cost of the battle over 
Distillers continued to weigh 
heavily on loser Argyll Group 
at 333p, down 8p. But else- 
where in food retailer. 
Hillards, was wanted on take- 
over hopes, up 6p to 226p. 

company has awarded dealer- 
ship mandates for a S250 mil- 
lion (£162.3 million) Euro- 
commercial paper programme, 
proceeds to be be used for 
general corporate purposes. 

• UK LAND: The company has 
disposed of freehold invest- 
ments comprising 1 1 commer- 
cial and residential properties 
for £ 1.486 J! 50 by auction. 

company has acquired Marcus 
Bohn Associates with an initial 
consideration of £1.920.000 in 
cash and the allotment ol 
31 1.890 ordinary shares. A fur- 
ther consideration of up to a 
maximum of £ 1 .400.000 is pay- 
able based on MBA's profits. 

nal dividend of 1.325p making 
2.325p (2.325p adjusted), pay- 
able onJuly I. has been declared 
for the year to March 31. With 
figures in £000, dividends and 
interest receivable totalled 5.794 
(4.895). Net asset value per 
share (before charges at market 
prices) was £232.4p (£!74.8p 

dinary dividend of 1 1 per cent 
and a special dividend of 5 per 
cent have been proposed in 
recognition of profits on 
extraordinary items. With fig- 
ures in £000. turnover rose to 
274.429 (240.552) but earnings 
per share were down to 49.5p 






Interest Rate Change 

Allied Irish Banks pic announc^that ^effect 
from close of businc^on^l^ 
its Base Rate was decreased from 11% to 10%% P-a- 

Hew! Office - Britain: 64/66 Coleman Street, London EC2R 5AL- Tel: 01-588 0691 

and branches^ throughout the country. - 


ABN 10. 

Adam & Company 11. 

BCC1 _1t 

Qfoank Sawwt It 

Consofa&ed fob It 

Condnentiai Trust „1Q. 

Co-opfinffi* Bank 10. 

G. ttoare s Co 10. 

LLoyds Bank 10. 

Nat Westminster 111 

Royal Bank of Scotland — 10. 

TSB m 

Otter* NA _1(L 

1 1 Mortgage toe Rare. 

Sun Life: 

Innovations create 
record growth 

From the statement by the Ourirmuat, 




“Post tax profits for shareholders have risen to 
£14,1 million from £11.7 million last year." 


.a total of 23.74 pence per share for the 
foil year.^ That is an increase of 2CW> over last 
year’s dividend, thus maintaining our 
outstanding growth record! 1 

Record new business 
“Wfe took on record levds of newbusmess and 
now manage morethan£3.75billkHiforour 
customers. The big expansion in our 
newspaper ath'ertising and direct mailing 
played a laige part in enabling us to write some . 
100,000 new conuaas....* 

‘Vie at Sun Life welcome plans to protect 
savers and investors th rough a system of 
sdf regulation where experts in the business 
police themselves, within a tighr legislative 

Sun Life's continuing record of success is 
based on three central aims: providing 
first -class investment expertise, constantly’ 
developing skills and products, and remaining 
committed to the highest standards of 
performanceand service. 

From the Rtmmqf Operations. 



"New annual premium income was up by 
25% to £58 j million. ...The executive and 
self-employed pension markets were a 
particular success, with new annual premiums 
rising to £24.8 million, almost half as much 
again as in the past year, and singfe premiums 
up by 22% to £62 million.* 

Pensions successes 
*-■- our expertise in both pension sales and 
administrative backing ensured (has we were 
able to go on obtaumre higher levels of 
business in foe rest of the rest; a feat many 
other insurers were notable to match!" 

Unit trust success 

Sun Life Trust Management Limned, ... The 
funds have had an excellent pe rfo rm an ce 
record and business has continued to flow in 

very satisfactorily...* 


II I Fora copy of the Report and Accounts 

I ofonc of Britain' s most consistently successful 

life and pensions offices, please contact 
I ■ ™ I " Faaline.01-606 7788. or write to: 

I !■ u John Lamb, 

,1 ■ ■ , Sun Life Assurance Sodetv pic, 

ILL 107 Oieaoside. Loudon EOVfiWL 

^ un L.ire .-tssurance ooaetv pic, 

107 Oieapside, London EtZV 6DU. 


is. Mr 

A major force in British Life for over 175 years AHl 



Beazer ruled out 
of SGB bidding 



By Clare Dobie 

GH. Beazer, the building 
company, has ruled itself out 
of the bidding for SGB, the 
scaffolding company which 
last week recommended a 
£160 million takeover by John 

. Beazer made a tender offer 
for 25 per cent of SGB's shares 
last October, but the offer 

- Mr Brian Beazer, the chair- 
man, said yesterday that SGB 
was now too expensive. His 
tender- offer was pitched at 
only 196p against yesterday's 
market price of 354p. 

Earlier Mr Beazer had spo- 
ken at a building seminar 
organized by de Zoete & 
Be van, the stockbroker. 

Other speakers included Mr 
Philip Beck, the chairman of 
John Mowlem, Mr Andrew 
Team, the managing director 
of Rugby Portland Cement 
and Mr Robert Napier, the 
finance director of RedlancL 

All the speakers were opti- 
mistic about prospects for the 
budding industry, encouraged 
by the recent cuts in interest 

Mr Beck said there were 
plenty of opportunties. partic- 
ularly involving the injection 

Surprises as tin saga 
twitches back to life 

Brian Beazen SGB now too 

of private capital in public 
infrastructure projects. 

Mowlem is among a num- 
ber of companies hoping to be 
chosen as contractor and fi- 
nancier of the proposed 
Dartford TunneL 

Redland is confident about 
the refurbishment market, for 
example for reroofing and 
road mending , but says new 
building activity at home is 
less promising. 

Overseas prospects howev- 
er are good. 


• ASSAM DOOARS: A divi- 
dend of 9p (same) has been 
declared for 1985. Pretax group 
profits on ordinary activities 
rose to £613.673 (£400,666) and 
earnings per share were up to 
45.92p(28. 7lpl 

Mr W R A Wyllie. the chairman, 
says in his annual statement that 
with substantial orders in hand 
for the first half of this year, the 
company is “well placed to 
participate fully in the recovery 
now being forecast for the 

MENT TRUST: The board has 


EXCHANGES of SuthShura Canfficaus in 
the ram Of Mkfend B«ik Executor and 
ThisftM Canam Limited, now MIDLAND 
Barer CJrttow and Unfaier ALV. 
New York Share) and vice versa wS be 
SUSPENDED from 9 May 1988 to 
22May 1B8SMtowe 

GvfKcttt ul arty be accepted for 
exchange after Z2 Mmr 1986 pramded that 
U tSvAnds dedarso prior to that dan 

have bean ctanwd. 

brad prior to Vat dan 



London TVeptfer Office, 
Unlever Houea. ffleckfriera; 
London EC4P4BO. 

2Z April 19B6. 

received an approach which 
may lead to offers being made 
for the company. 

sults for the half-year to March 
31 (figures in £000) show in- 
come from securities up to 938 
(870) and interest received to 77 
(33). Net asset value was 

• BERRY TRUST: The com- 
pany is missing the dividend for 
the six months to February 28 
but the board intends to pay a 
dividend of not less than 1.05p 
(same) per ordinary share in 
respect of the year ending 
August 31. 

tances have been received in 
respect of 7,488,962 Shaw or- 
dinary shares (42.0 per cent). 
768.660 Shaw 10 per cent 
preference shares < 86 ~ 2 per cent) 
and 252,475 Shaw 5.6 per cent 
preference shares (50.5 per 


HOLDINGS: The Trade Sec- 
retary has decided not to refer to 
the Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission the proposed ac- 
quisition by Bond of the assets 
of Thorn EMI . Screen 
Ente rtainm ent I 

• LASMO: The London and 
Scottish Marine Oil company 
plains to issue £50 million 10 1/8 
per cent Eurobonds, due 1993, 
at an issue price, of 100 3/8 per 
cent to repay short-term debt. 

- Remember the great tin 
saga? Well, jus* when you had 
hoped it had gone away, I 
bring disappointing intelli- 
gence. All the signs are that the 
saga has twitched back into 
Hie in a surprising fashion. 

The surprise is an out-of- 
court settlement of Standard 
Chartered Bank's claims 
againsi the International Tin 
(Council. But that settlement 
will dean out the ITC and 
leave the other aggrieved par- 
ties kicking their heels. 

Let us argue from first 
principles. The legal and arbi- 
tration actions by banks and 
brokers are against the ITC 
buffer stock. Its financial af- 
fairs were quite separate from 
those of the council, for which 
the ITC continues to claim 
sovereign immunity. But the 
buffer stock has no cash — 
only huge debts. Its sole 
means of settling claims are 
2,700 tonnes of tin. 

Of that 800 tonnes are 
encumbered by a dispute with 
Trans-World Metals. So the 
buffer stock's assets are a mere 
1,900 tonnes of tin, worth 
about £6 million at current 
dreadful prices. 

But Standard Chartered 
alone was asking for settle- 
ment of a £10 million debt, 
not to mention the usual 
extras such as interest and 
costs. In short, the ITC — as 
distinct from its member gov- 
ernments — cannot pay. 
whether the will is there or 
not. Standard has therefore 
settled for less than the full 

So what choice do the other 
suitors have? The front-run- 
ners, -albeit following different 
routes, were Standard Char- 
tered and MacLaine Watson, 
the London Metal Exchange 
ring-dealing member owned 
by Drexel Burnham Lambert 

But now that Standard ap- 
pears, barring invisible legal 
hurdles, to have breasted the 
tape, it seems pointless for the 
others to pursue the matter 
further and expensively 
through the courts. Standard 
had the advantage of a court' 

decision upholding the waiver 
of the ITCs sovereign immu- 
nity clause inserted by luck or 
good judgment in its loan 
contract with the council 

Standard also felt under less 
pressure. It pursued the matter 
because of the principle, and 
because simply it had a good 
case. There must have been a 
temptation to settle quickly. 

Tne issue is important for 
MacLaine. It had positions 
totalling about 10,000 tonnes 
of tin with the ITC The 
difference between last 
month's ring-oul ' price and 
their contract value is about 
£20 million. 

Drexel of course, can afford 
the loss, and in a sense it has 
already demonstrated the fact 
by standing behind MacLaine. 
But it is, to say the least, 
inconvenient for Drexel to 
have to shoulder so big a loss 
at a critical time in the 
realization of its ambitions in 
world markets. 

MacLaine, moreover, had a 
strong card up its sleeve. Its 
arbitration award was con- 
firmed by the courts. The ITC 
then had a fortnight in which 
to pay. or enforcement could 
begin. That fortnight expires 
today. Yet curiously ITC dele- 



J ~il±A 

A A 


of MEMBERS of 

will be held on TUESDAY 20th May, 1986 at 2.15pm 
in the HEAD OFFICE. 


Copies of the Report and Accounts are available from 
this address. 

Genera I Manager and Actuary 

6 St Andrew Square, Edinburgh EH2 2YA 
22nd April. 1986 

Hambros: Sir Michael Bet- 
ter has been made a director of, 
Hambros Bank in an execu- 
tive idle, and he has also 
joined the board of Hambros. 

Baring Brothers & Co: Mr. 
Ian Hopkins, has become a 
director and Mr Nicholas R 
Gold an assistant director. 

A & M Group: Mr Cotia - 
MHtward has been elected a 
non-executive director. ; 

OEC, United Scientific 
Holdings: Mr J Leszczynski 
has been made president and 
chief executive. 

The Money Management 
Council: Mr Jeremy Leighton 
has been named as the first 

First Environetics and First 
Architecture: Mr Mark 

men set on distraining the 
furniture. Where does Stan- 
dard's coup leave the majority 
of the Tit’s great army of 

Writs have been served on 
the council by Banque Indo- 
suez and the Bank of Nova 
Scotia. These two banks have 
already sold for £6 million 
apiece the 1,500 tonnes of tin 
they each held as collateral. 
Their action is for another £1 
million each. But since their 
contracts do not incorporate a 
waiver of sovereign immuni- 
ty. the actions will probably 

Arab Banking Corporation 
won its case against the ITC 
but has been unable to obtain 
execution. That case is in 
abeyance. Kieinwort Benson 


Rankin - has been made 
projects director. 

Dan-Air Mr WUlten J 
Crosby has become deputy 
technical director,’ engineering 
division, Lasham.- 
Relational Technology: Mr 
Nfe Birties has been named as 
vice-president, international 


Webber Electro Compo- 
nents: Mr James Bragg has 
been made a director. 

National Holidays: Mr Gra- 
ham McDonald and Mr Rob- 
ert Hinsiiff have become 

Formwood: Mr Kevin 
Tracey has been made com- 
mercial director and Mr Brian 
Watson manufacturing 

has also initiated arbitration 

In addition, three brokers 
started arbitration proceed- 
ings before the ring-out: Amal- 
gamated Metal Trading, JH 
Raynerand Rudolf Wolff. The 
past few days have seen eight 
more post-ring-out arbitra- 
tions. three of the actions 
being announced last Friday. 

Then there is Trans-World 
Metals. The firm was the 
ITCs biggest trading partner 
- if Dial cosy term applies. On 
October 24, Trans-World 
agreed to buy 800 tonnes of tin 
from the ITC The deal was 
struck in Singapore, where the 
tin was stored. But trading in 
Singapore stopped by 9am 
London time on the same day, 
when the ITC “suspended" 
buffer stock operations and 
left creditors with debts of 
£900 million. 

Trans- World promptly 
blocked payment, while ITC 
blocked the release of the tin. 
So it was stalemate. 

Who owns the 800 tonnes 
now? The question is under 
review. But, as with the other 
outstanding cases, I expect a 
quick and quiet settlement 

Whether other settlements 
will be made so speedily is 
another matter. A group of 
smallish brokers, including 
the unfortunate Holco, which 
withdrew from the London 
Metal Exchange last week, is 
considering joint action 
against the ITC For them, the 
council has some advice: keep 
your money. All too soon, the 
buffer stock will be cleaned 

The best long-term .hope is 
an action by one of the big 
players which can afford such 
expensive diversions against a 
Government member of the 
ITC. Shearson Lehman is one 
such broker, and Her 
Majesty’s Government is one 
such government- If it suc- 
ceeds, the second wave can 
follow the shock troops 
through the breach. If not, the 
tin saga might finally end. 

Michael Prest 

- AEtna Life: Mr Peter 
Bassnett has become agency. 
. director. 

British Property Federa- 
tion: Mr John Brown has been 
elected' president He will, 
succeed Mr. Hairy Ax ton on 
May 22. 

Independent Broadcasting 
Authority: Dr John Richard 
Forrest is to succeed Mr Tom 
Robson as director of 

Stephenson Harwood: Mr 
Richard Oho, Mr Richard 
Gwynae, Mr Richard Uflaad, 
Mr Robert Partridge and Mr 
Derek TadieQo are to become 

Anglia Secure Homes: Mr 
PUl J Haxbard has joined the 
board as finance director. 

Supply of 
gas kept 
up despite 

By Our City Staff 

British Gas maintained a 
supply to all its customers 

yesterday despite the complete 

shutdown of the North (Sea 1 
Frqg gas field, which normal- , 
ly provides 40 per cent of 

Britain's natural gas. 

Increased output front other 
North Sea producers, with the 
8Bh s*ynri*l aunts of steed 

meant that eves custom- 
ers with interruptible supply 
contracts were not affected. 

British and Norwegian off- 
shore workers in the British 
sector of the Frigg field went 
on strike at the weekend. 

Demand for gas in Britain is 
rsmfoog at (L500 mfflfcra cubic 
feet a day, well down on 
Febraaiy's 9,000 mefd leveL 
British Gas's Merecambe Bay 
field, which is used to meet 
peak demand, is net in use hnt 
it- es available if the situation 

Gas prodnetfoa at the Frigg 
field, which straddles the Brit- 
ish and Norwegian sectors of 
the North Sea, halved two 
weeks ago when a strike by 
Norwegian catering workers 
ted to the shutdown of all 
Norway's oil and gas 

The striking? British and 
Norwegian workers are mem- 
bers of dm same in-boose staff 
organization. Their walk-oat 
is in sympathy with their 
colleagues in tee Norwegian 

Elf Aquitaine, the operator, 
said that SB Norwegians had 
already been flown home and 
the field would be shot for the 
duration of the dispute. 

Negotiates saw fittie hope 
for an immediate settlement, 
and a spokesman for Elf said 
he thought the stopp a g e cooU 
last for some days. 

Under Norwegian law work- 
ers are required to gbe 14 
days' minimum notice -of a 
strike. Elf said it was planning 
legal action against the mkn, 
although some strikers main- 
tain that Norwegian law does 
not apply in the British sector. 

•The Frigg strike is the first 
escalation of a dispute that has 
shut aB Nor weg i an ofl and gas 
production in the North Sea 
since April 6, when the em- 
ployers locked oid 15,000 
production workers on 36 
; platforms in foer fields. This 
was after a tiuy caterers' muon 
voted to strike. ** 

-Its. 670 • members ap- 
proached the employers on 
Friday to offer a compromise 
m the terms of their 28 per 
cent pay tia ha. and it is 
thought that anger at the 
employer’s rejection of that 
otter may have led to Sunday's 

Frige had been supplying 
about 35 million cubic metres 
of gas daily. Norwegian ex- 
perts estimate that it will take 
about a week for British 
industry abort a week to fed 
the pinch. 



In this year’s budget the 
Chancellor has provided new 
opportunities for companies, 
and their staff, to support 
charities of their choice, at home 
and overseas. 

Through Oxfam your company, 
or employees, can help some of 
the third world’s poorest people 
to build a better future for 

To find out how your company 
can effectively meet its social 
responsibility write for Oxfam’s 
briefing pack, to: 


Jfvrechr of fundraising 
Orfawt . _ 

2 ,^ Banbury RoaM 
Oxford 0XZ fD2L 

Oxfam works with poor people In their straggle 
against hunger, disease, exploitation and 
poverty in Africa, Asia, Latln-America and the 
Middle East through 
relief, development, 
research and public 






Excerpts from the Statement by the Chairman, Mr Peter Coodall, CBE, TD. 

sk 1985 was in trading terms the reverse of 1984 in that we had a very strong first half in 1984 
after which business fell away very badly, whereas in 1985 we had a very weak first half and 
thereafter business picked up stead ily throughout the remainder of the year and continues to 
dose. The total profit in 1985 was made up of £13. 5 million in the first half of the year and 
£20.0 million in rhe second half. 

$ We have continued ourdrive for ever more efficient production and our capital expenditure 
in 1985 amounted to over £2 5 million. 

# The merger into GR-Stein Refractories Limited of the British Steel Corporation’s 
refractories division has proceeded both smoothly and well. We increased our exports of 
refractories over 1984’s total by some 40% . . . and, as a matter of interest we sold refracrories 
to thejapanese. 

# Your board has decided to recommend a final dividend of 4. 3 pence per share. This gives a 
total of 7 .2 pence per share, an increase of 6.7% on the previous year. 


For year ending 3 1st December 







377,676 . 

Profit before rax 




i 1,330 


Earnings per share 



^ I chink . . . that the major markets in which this group operates will now improve, and I am 
of chis opinion not on ly because of rhe market information available to me but also because of - 
the appalling state rhe capital infrastructure of this country has reached . . . our business will 
grow because quire apart from current demand there is an enormous backlog which needs ro be 
tackled. All of this can only be of great benefit to this group whose profitability responds very 
favourably to volume. Peter Coodall y 1 9eh March 1 986 

The Annual General Meeting of Hep worth Ceramic Holdings PLC will be held on 
8 th May in London. 

Copies of rhe full Statement and the Annual Report and Accounts can be obtained from 
The Secretary, Genefex House, Tapton Park Rood, Sheffield S 1 0 3FJ. 

Loaders in dayware, refractories, industrial sands and minerals, and 
■ ■ prominent in plastics, foundry resins and engineering activities. 

' \ 

Law Report April 22 1986 r« 

Sham order for 
tax is rejected 

Sberdtey v Sherdky 
Before Sir John Donaldson, 
Master of the Rolls, Lord Justice 
Neill -.and Lord Justice 

[Judgment given April |$] 

The courts should not ex- 
ercise the jurisdiction under 
section 23 of the Matrimonial 
Causes Act 1973 to make orders 
for financial provision on di- 
vorce liy granting an order to foe 
parent having, custody, care and 
control of children that he 
should, make periodical pay- 
ments direct to the children 
where the order would be a 
sham because the sole purpose 
of the parent in seeking it was to 
secure a lax advantage. 

The Court of Appeal so held 
when dismissing an appeal by 
the husband, lan ShenUey, 
against the retinal by Mr Justice 
Wood on May. 9, 1985 to order 
him to pay to each of the force 
children of the family in his care 
periodical payments equivalent 
to such sum as after the deduc- 
tion of bade rate tax would 
equal their school fees. 

Mr Joseph Jackson, QC and 
Mr Valentine Le Grice for the 
husband; Mr E. James Holman 
as amicus curiae. 

ROLLS said that the appeal 
raised questions of tar-reaching 
importance concerning the ex- 
tent to which the courts were 
entitled to take account of the 
fiscal effects of their orders. 

School fees orders had been 
the subject of Practice Direction 

(usually the wife) having care 
and control of the children and 
required the other party (usually 
the husband) to make the peri- 
odical payments. 

In the instant case the wife 
was not involved and the order 

requiring him- to make the 

Mr Justice Wood appeared to 
have said that, as a matter of 
policy, judges of the Family 
Division refrained from making 
orders in favour of a child 
against a parent who had cus- 
tody and Control because if they 
did so the Inland Revenue 
might be provoked to recom- 
mend changes in the law, which 
would be contrary to the in- 
terests of broken families 

If that was the policy, it was 
misconceived. It was for the 
courts to interpret and admin- 
ister foe law as it stood and for 
Parliament to decide whether 
and in what respects it should be 

The jurisdiction to make foe 
order was to be found in section 
23(1 yd) of foe Matrimonial 
Causes Act 1973. It was admit- 
ted that the only reason was to 
enable part, of the father’s in- 
come to become the children’s 
separate income for tax pur- 
poses, thereby reducing his tax- 
able income and enabling foe 
children to have foe enjoyment 
of the part transferred to them 
without payment of tax up to 
the limit . _of. their personal 

Under section 25 of foe 2973 
Act (substituted by section 3 of 
foe Matrimonial and Family 
Proceedings Act 1984) the court 
had to have regard to a mul- 
tiplicity of specified matters. 

While those considerations 
did not refer in terms to fiscal 
advantages or disadvantages, 
there was no doubt that it was 
intended that foe court should 
have r^ard to the position of all 
concerned net of tax, and to foe 
incidence of tax. 

The true test of what a court 
should do was to be found by a 
consideration of the general law 
in relation to tax avoidance. The 
basic proposition was that any 
taxpayer was entitled so to order 
bis affaire that bis liability to tax 
was as low as possible. 

However, he was not entitled 
, to pretend so to order his affairs 
by entering into a sham trans- 
action, and if be did. foe Inland 
Revenue could call ultimately 
on foe courts to declare that it 
was., a sham and to be 

The House of Lords had gone 
further and said that the courts 
were to have regard to foe true 
nature of the transaction: see 
W. T -Ramsay Ltd v /RC([19g2J 
AC 300) and Fumiss v Dawson 
([1984] l AC 474). 

It would be unacceptable that 
the commissioners and the 
courts who were concerned with 
taxation matters should be re- 
quired to consider whether an 
order by the matrimonial courts 
was a sham. 

No court should make an 
order which was a sham, or 
which. did other than proclaim 
its true nature. 

The court could property have 
regard to foe effects of its orders 
in terms of tax liability when 
deciding whether to make an 
order or what order to make, but 

that was as far as it could go. 

In the “ordinary” case of a 
husband being ordered to make 
periodical payments to his wife 
the transaction was precisely 

what it appeared to foe. 

If one injected- into the sce- 
nario the need to maintain and 
educate minors there was still 
no problem, provided that the 
payee was the wife or. in so fair ' 

as the payments were nfode to 
the minora, theyww* 
ficient age to deal foe 

"TSc wife was diraioared 
because she had no v^id dm 
v> periodical payments m hg., 
own right 

.why foe court shoo'd" 
foal all mooey^rcq.un^d ^foc 
education arnTmaimeMnce^f 
foe minors be -paid to foem-^. 

1 C although' the wife w 
eliminated as a beneficiary, she 
remained in foe arenawan 
applicant for an order in fovoqr 
■ of foe children there «i 
“issue", tf she did not mate foe 

application, but foe ■ bnswtod 

(fid. there was no "issue - That 
did not matter- ... 

Taking account of foe *8* °* 
foe children and foestaK foe 
transaction wortd Take if the 
1983 Practice Direction were 
followed, there would before© 
children aged 9, 1 1 

SOtemnly appointing the beat 
master or bursar of foeir sebop ’ 

as their agents to rrceive pen- 
odical payments from uwr 
father, and entering into a 
contract with the school for their 

Presumably they also bad 
. power to give their school a 
term's notice should they dis- 
approve of foe treatment .they 
were receiving. 

That was cloud cuckoo land. 

If the Revenue chose’ to chal- 
lenge the transaction a judge 
would be bound to bold that the 
transaction was a sham; or at 
best that the reality was that foe 
court was ordering foe- father .to 
pay foe fees. 

It was no answer to murmur 
that a contact with a minor for _ 
education would probably be a*v. 
contract for necessaries. 

First it was necessary to be 
satisfied that foe child had the 
capacity to contract Perhaps foe 
children did have foe capacity. 

inquired and foe Practice Direc- 
tion did not contemplate foal 
anyone shook! 

What mattered was that the 
absence of inquiry showed that 
the true nature- of the trans- 
action was something quite 
different- Notwithstanding the 
acquiescence or encouragement 
of the Revenue that was not 
something in which foe courts 
should be involved. 

There mfaht be a strong case, 
or no case, tor giving tax relief to 
fathers in foe position of foe 
appellant, but it should not 
depend on curia! antics. The 
appeal should be dismissed, j 

agreeing, said that any pro- 
cedural objections to an applica- 
tion by a father for an order 
against himself could, if nec- 
essary. be met by allowing foe 
children themselves to inter- 
vene in order to apply for 
ancillary relief on their own 

There was a fundamental 
objection to making the order in 
the terms sought in foe cncum- 
stnnces of foe case. It was 
conceded that the sole purpose 
for which the order was sought 
was to avoid a liability to tax.: 

h was oof right for a court in 
the Family Division to make an 
. oixier solely for the purpose of 
enabling foe applicant or mem- 
bers of his family to avoid a 
liability to tax if there was a real 
risk that, if the order might have, 
to be scrutinised by another*- • 
division of foe High Court when 
bearing a Revenue appeal, foe 
conclusion might be readied 
that the order had to be dis- 
regarded for fiscal purposes. 

The correct approach was to 
examine foe facts of foe individ- 
ual case and foe. reasons put 
forward for seeking an order.' ff 
foe making of foe order was 
justified to protect some legiti- 
mate interest of the applicant or 
some other person on whose 
behalf the order was sought, 
then it could be made. - 


BALCOMBE. agreeing, said 
that for foe court to exercise its 
jurisdiction under section 23 of 
the 1973 Act there had to be an 
issue before it • 

That was sufficient to dispose -C 
of foe appeal, but in future cases 
h would be possible to bring foe 
question before the court in 
proper form by an application 
by foe children themselves. 

Although no court should 
make an order which. was a 
sham or whose sole purpose Was 
to obtain a tax advantage, where 
there . were two ways of achieve 
ing a desired result and one was 
more tax effective than the 
Other, There was no reason why 
the court should not foHow the 
route which conferred, fiscal 
advantages if it was otherwise a 
proper exercise of its discretion^ 

It was possible to ihmlr of 
circumstances where the lax 
savings which could be achieved 
by an order against a custodial 
parent might be crucial:#* the 
exercise of' -the. court’s 

His Lordship did not go so far 
as the Master of the Bolts in 
suggesting that a contract based 
on the Practice. Direction was a 
sham, but it might be preferable 
if some less artifipal -schenie 
could be devised. 

Solicitors: Pritchard 

. Englefirid & Tobin;' Tteasmy 
Solicitor. ■ ' ■ 

Bail jurisdiction doubt 

Regina r Chief Integration 
Officer Heathrow Afcrport, Ex 
parte Sareshktunar 

The jurisdiction of the court 
to grant hail to as applicant who 
had been granted leave to move 
for judicial review of a refusal of 
leave to enter the United King- 
dom was said by the Court of 
Appeal to be questionable 

The Court of Appeal (Lord 
Justice Lawton, Lord Justice 
Stephen Brown and Lord justice 
Nouree) on April 17 dismissed 
the applicant's appeal seeking 
an order for bail on the ground 
that even if there was.power to 
pant bail, there were no excep- 
tional reasons for doing so. 

said that in R v Secretary qf State 
for the Home Department. Ex, 
parte Swati [The Times Feb- 
ruary II. 1986; U9861 l All ER 
.?! 7, 7 24) Sir John Donaldson, 
Master .of the .BalhJndjnt . 

obiter ?" I agree' that there tshn 
inherent Jurisdiction' to -grant 
bait butthat . it will only be 
m exceptional cases that' ■ it 
should be exercised arid onW iT 
leave to apply for judicial review 
has been gramed/ 1 - 

His Lordship fett .that' time 
was aquation as to whether foe 
court could grant baiL : • • 

intended that all matters rete- 
mg to the removal and'detetH 
lion of persons refused entry 
should be un d e r fog control- of 
the Secretary of Stale for foe 
Home Departxnent, and, dearly, . 

he could always grant temporary \ 
leave to enter. ■ ' • • 

If foat .was sp, $ay need fora 
jurisdiction to grant bail would satisfied. in 'some 
other way than by caJhug on foe 1 
inherent jurixdicfiaiFor. tlte 
'court.- ■. 

The matter was best kfl until 
counsel could argue foe matter-' 
folly. • . : ; 

r «e, 





Trend stays firm 

ACCOUNT DAYS Dealings began April 14. Dealings end April 25. §Con tango day April 2$. Settlement day. May 5. 
§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 



Claims required for 
+55 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

IE KtL 1 --Xl^ i 


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—Edited by Matthew May 


UK green light 
on Big Brother 


By Peter Pnrton 

prolongued consider- 
ation it now looks as if the UK 
ar} d West Germany will be the 
only European countries to go 
ahead with the computerized 
passport. But even in these 
two countries progres s has 
been slow; no date is fixed for 
its introduction in Che UK. 

. . The UK government early 
tp 1981 announced h$ imen- 
tion to introduce the machine- 
readable passport, expressing 
ns belief that such passports 

would be adopted worldwide. 
But the governments of all 
EEC countries bar West Ger- 
many have since decided 
against their introduction af- 
ter pressure largely from civfl- 
liberties groups. 

In the new type of passport, 
computerized information 
about the passport holder is 
contained in two lines of 
printing which are both ma- 
chine-readable and legible to 
the naked eye. These are 
printed on a special plastic 
laminated page bound with 
the rest of the conventional 

Information contained in 
machine-readable format in- 

dud** ifig hnlfWi qimanv 

and forenames, title, sex, ad- 
dress. date, town and country 
of birth, passport number and 
type, previous passport num- 
ber, nationality and 
imigration status and the 
names and dates of birth of 
any children contained on the 
passport. Photographs of ap- 
plicants are not designed to be 
held on the system. 

Proponents of the system 
daim that its introduction will 
offer significant advantages to 
passengers and immigration 
authorities by speed the clear- 
ance of bona fide passengers, 
while helping to identify those 
either wanted by the police or 
not allowed to be admitted. It 
is also said to have greater 
security as it is difficult to 
tamper with or counterfeit. 

Opponents, however, fear 
its possible exploitation to 
restrict civil liberties. In the 
UK, for instance, police com- 
puter files hold details of more 
than five million people. The 
European Commission has 

expressed concern over the 
possible creation of “comput- 
er fences" at EEC borders. 

A limited experiment with a 
computerized passport system 
has already been carried out at 
Heathrow Airport using ma- 
chine-readable passports al- 
ready carried by many US 
citizens. Names are checked 
against a warning list held on a 

The same information was 
held in book form allowing a 
comparison to be made be- 
tween the automated and the 
manual procedure. Results of 
the experiment are thought to 
have been satisfactory but no 
definite plans have been an- 
nounced for the introduction 
of a full system. 

In West Germany the intro- 
duction of a new personal- 
identification card has sped 
the introduction of machine- 
readable passports. In two 
laws passed earlier this year 
the Bonn government 
achieved its mandate to intro- 
duce a machi ne-eadable iden- 
tity card by next April and a 
passport by 1988. 

The plan is eventually to 
have 400 automated readers 
installed at border crossing 
points. These will be connect- 
ed to a police computer stor- 
ing details of wanted persons. 

In other European countries 
attempts to introduce either 
the machine-readable pass- 
ports or identity cards have 
met with little success. The 
Italian government, for in- 
stance, tried as early as 1980 to 
introduce legislation to allow 
their introduction. But the 
proposed act has lain dormant 
in the Italian parliament ever 

A 1981 French experiment- 
ed with machine-readable 
identity cards was halted by 
pressure from civil-liberties 

The Belgians have dropped 
the machine-readable infor- 
mation from their identity 
cards after public pressure. 
Denmark and the Netherlands 
have no plans to introduce 
either machine-readable cards 
or passports. For the present 
at least it looks as though the 
UK and West Germany will 
be going it alone in Europe. 

The computer industry is destined 
to be one of the major beneficiaries 
of the Government's emerging poli- 
cy on copyright. That strategy, 
outlined last week in a White Paper, 
is meant to bring ageing copyright 
legislation that is 30 years old and 
incapable of coping with the prob- 
lems brought about by new technol- 
ogy, into the 20th century. 

Tape recorders — both audio and 
video — have provided legal prob- 
lems for the pedantic legal mind for 
decades. The copying of sound and 
visual broadcasts, at least in theory, 
are illegal. Home computers and 
mainframes have also presented 
problems for the law, particularly 
the copying of computer software 
for personal use and commercial 

The Government had a difficult 
task. Proper protection to copyright 
holders is a problem that has to be 
addressed by every industrial na- 
tion. The British White Paper, 
which will be followed next session 
by legislation to bring it into effect, 
is expected to be emulated by the 
EEC The council is trying to 
formulate a policy and will un- 
doubtedly use the British efforts as a 
blueprint for all member states. 

The Government succeeded in 
exposing a few inconsistencies in its 
policy. The White Paper outlined 
the intention to impose a 10 per 
cent levy on the retail price of blank 

Hi-tech copyright moves 
into the 20th century 

audio cassettes. It is a victory forthe . 

record industry which has been 
lobbying government for months. 
The levy is not a compensation for ' 
supposed lost sales but a. royalty 
payment to copyright holders whose 
broadacsts — speech and music — 
have been taped. 

This logic was not to be sustained 
for video tapes or audio cassettes 
which dearly are being used for 
copying computer software. All 
video tapes and audio cassettes with 
less than 35 minutes playing time 
are exempt from levy. 

Bui computer programmers who* 
hold copyright have been well 
looked after. The White Paper 
conceded that since computers had 
been in their infancy when the 1956 
Copyright Act was spawned, such 
equipment and their related prob- 
lems have been given little 

Justice Whitford had studied the 
problems of copyright and those 
relating to high technology patents 
in his review of 1973. The report 


By BUI Johnstone 

Technology Correspondent 

not enough to protect the creative 

was published in 1977. The 
Government's Green Raper of 1981 
offered a number of options but still 
That situation was to change last 
year when the Copyright (Computer 
Software) Amendment Act was 
passed in an attempt to thwart large- 
scale computer piracy. That act was 
to lay the foundations for the 
protections which will be embedded 
in next year’s copyright legislation. 

The principles which will be 
contained in the legislation are: ■_ 

• computer programs attract copy- 
right protection; 

• criminal remedies to be used 

$igainsr the .puacy qfrnpfoef' 
programs; [ •_ 

• -work created -.^directly -on. 1 a 
computer, for examples by typing on. 
a keyboard, . attracts -capyrigfit 

• protection; ■ . r. , 1 /. ' 

• and the storing' of wdfk 'on a 

computer iya form of reproduction 
and needs tbe _cppyright owner's 
consent ‘ - 

The .White Paper, also highlighted 
the- outstanding problems and says; 
"In order tti^^^efiectiye^otec- 

- and other kinds of infringement, it 
• jMde/tSw.llBt' foe rights' 

. . .given , to copyright' awfiers , qvtf. : 

■ reproduction extend ro jctipymg by 
fixing a work on any medium from 
which the work' can in princfole be 

■ reproduced.” "• V 

The law required to offer such 
^ambitious protection to software 
-copyright ownets-wiH need careful 
' drafting- since the ownership or 
authorship might need to be proved, 
in an agreed manna. . f 

It is authorship the legal minds 
have bad difficulty de finin g. As a 
consequence the White Paper has 
excluded artificial intelligent (Aj) 
-' computers from holding copyright 
■—* an issue which is liable to be 
exticmeTy contentious, 
realized the promises made of them 
in ibe Iasi decade they wiD undoubt- 
edly be pan of the next generation of 
data would then be 
necessary to produce copyright-law 
to give protection. ItisaamttpniK 
* law makers find difficult to compre- 

. fiemUThe White Paper emphasized 
the problem. - 

V. “Both Whitford and’ the 1982 
, Green Paperin vestigaledtbe possi- 
bility of a general answer to the 
question of who should be regarded 
, as author ofa work created with the 
aid of a . computer. Three Candi- 
dates, alone or in combinatioxvwerc 
considered; the creator. of the. pro- 
. gram that controls the computer; 
the originator of the data upon 
which foe computer operates to 
. create the hewworkt and the person 
.responsible for running the comput- 
er to produce the wort . . 

. The White Paper is obviously 
■deficient. Before the legislation is 
dreftedllfe quesfibn df A1 should be 
-looked aL again as should the 
-Software copying- The computet 
indusfry. needs to know the answers. 

Intellectual Property and Imov& 
lion. Command 9712.HMSOJ6. 7ft 

In search of respectability 

StapMn Jonraon 

By Geof Wheelwright 
There is a lot of money to be 
made in selling pin-stripe suits 
in Silicon VaUey these days. 
Companies which once prided 
themselves on conducting 
business in blue jeans, and 
running their operations with 
as much innovation as they 
designed their machines, are 
now frantically moving to 
change their image. They are 
now turning up at the doors of 
top companies seeking to 
establish themselves as re- 
spectable computer suppliers 
to blue-chip firms. 

The Haggie example of this 
mid-life search for 
respectability and conformity 
is Apple Computer. The com- 
pany has left both its founding 
members and its yuppie-toy 
manufacturer image behind in 
a bid to woo the world's top 
firms to use its equipment 
Apple's computers have been 
beefed up for business use, 
visionary co-founder Sieve 
Jobs has been replaced by ex- 
Pepsi head man John Sculley 
as Apple boss and. the general 
tenor of the company’s adver- 
tisements are less evangelical 

Bui computer manufactur- 
ers arc not the only ones 
pitching for this kind of 

respectability. Software giant 
Microsoft is making the same 
kinds of moves to shake off 
the youthful ‘enthusiasts' im- 
age embodied in founder Bill 
Gates — who founded the 
company eleven years ago on 
sales of a version of the Basic 
programming language. 
Microsoft recently had a high- 
ly successful public offering, 
and boasted more than $140 
million (US) in annual sales. It 
also started hosting a series of 
conferences specifically de- 
signed to seQ to Fortune 500 
companies in the US. 

The company is also mov- 
ing away from its previous 
concentration on producing 
internal computer software for 
manufacturers and will put 
more into selling word-pro- 
cessing, spreadsheets and oth- 
er business software for the 
mainstream corporate market 

The great irony in all this is 
that rally a few years ago. 
many of these new high-tech 
companies were attractive 
precisely because they didn't 
have strong ties to the corpo- 
rate market and had the 
freedom to think and act from 
motives of innovation and 
technological development. 
But alter several years those 

companies, although they pro- 
duced technologically won- 
derful marvel, didn't produce 
anything the business commu- 
nity could see a use for. The 
innovators of old have 
realised they need the corpo- 
rate community 

Corporate buyers do, how- 
ever, seem to be open-minded 
in their purchasing habits. 
Companies like Compaq 
Computer and Lotus Devel- 
opment — both of whom did 
not exist four years ago — are 
now major players in the 
business micro market be- 
cause they provided some- 
thing which didn't exist 
before. Compaq's portable 
computer won the company a 
reputation in the corporate 
community which has helped 
it survive the pressures of 
competition from IBM. And 
the Lotus l-2r3 spreadsheet 
became so popular among 
managers that it became an 
industry standard for financial 
modelling on PCs within 18 
months of its release. 

The general advice on gain- 
ing this elusive corporate 
respectibiiity seems to be that 
it's easier to take your prod- 
ucts up-market into the busi- 

ness sector than the other way 
round. IBM's attempts to sell 
its PC Junior home computer 
in the US, and Apricots efforts • 
in selling hs economy series of ; 
Apricot-compatible comput- 
ers were both big disappoint- . 
menu. However, Amstrad's 
move from home computers 
to the small business arena 
with its PCW 8256 and now 
PCW 8512 has been a huge 
success. *.-? 

Software companies too*: 
have made the successful -' 
move upmarket. At one time, * 
the London-based Psion corn- 

games for 
rifs Spectrum and ZX- 
81ttHnpqters,~ but in the past 
1 8 months has built much of. 
jt$ revenue on sales of a £500 
biisinesssoftWare -package for 
foe IBM PC called Xchange. 

. Pson /head man David 
Potter. does worry that soft- 
ware prices will have to move 
down-market now — as the 
gpp between personal comput- 
er .prices and. software paces 
. gets ‘ small er 'and smaller. 
"Software is now expensive 
when compared' to -the modi 
Cheaper new hardware." 

Stffi, many, companies pro- 
motihg themselves to the cor- 
porate market believe that 
performance and reputation — 
not {nice — are the. key factors 
to winning big orders. Al- 
though Microsoft, in its an- 
nouncement last week of a 
-new buying program for large 
companies, did say that- it 
would, be offering volume 
.discounts to corporations,-* 
.they would only come into* 
effect on orders of $ 1 00,000 or 
mere. And at that price, Bfll 
Gates should be able to afford 
a pin-stiipe suit or two. 

at your 

■ The 900-year-old Domes- 
day book with thousands of 
names, places and fects has al- 
ways presented researchers with 
an arduous task as it was pro- 
duced without an index. But new 
technology has finally come to 
the rescue at the University of 
California where a team of me- 
dieval scholars and computer ex- 
perts have been programming 
the book into a huge database. 
Subscribers to the system can 
now pick out items such as a list 
of I lth-century estates by 
landholder or the correlation be- 
tween woodland and the num- 
ber of pigs at the press of a 

■ More details on IBM's ex- 
perimental speech recognition 
system that is likely to make 
voice activated typewriters a real- 
ity have emerged- It uses an 
IBM AT personal computer and 
can transcribe sentences from 
a 5,000 word vocabulary with, 
says the company, 95 per cent 
accuracy. Redesigned speech rec- 
ognition techniques have re- 
duced the six million characters 
of storage needed on an earlier 

?■*, T :.v» **vf,T-i 

□ A Concorde trip to New York and back is one of the prizes on offer 
in a new competition in Computer Horizons, starting on May 8. The six- 
week competition, being organized by The Times and the computer 
company. Digital Equipment, wW be based on the Sch n eider Air Race to 
be held on the Isle of Wight on June 22. The competition wiB Involve 
a degree of research and numerical skRI in answering questions bs 
both on computing and aviation. Each week a prize with an aviation 
theme will be offered. 

system to 640,000 characters. The 
system “learns" that character- 
istics of an indivual's voice after 
he or she has read a document 
into the system. As the user 
speaks, the system chooses po- 
tential words and as speech con- 
tinues they are updated in the 
light of later words. This selection 
of the most probable word at 
each stage helps the system to dis- 
tinguish between words that 
sound alike but are different, such 
as know and no or to and two. 

■ Small and medium-sized 
companies of up to 500 employ- 
ees looking for ways to im- 
prove productivity and profit 
through the use of computers 
can oo:~ ; n grants to help with 

costs of up to 1 5 days of advice 
from certain compute- consul- 
tants. The scheme, funded by 
the Department of Trade and In- 
dustry, is called the Business 
and Technical Advisory Service 
and has a list of registered con- 
sultants. Under the scheme con- 
sultancy for the first two days 
is free and the Department of 
Trade and Industry cover 75 
percent of the cost of the remain- 
ing time. Further information 
from the Production and Engi- 
neering Association on 0664 

■ British Telecom’s 
Citiservice, which provides sub- 
scribers to the Prestel system 
with information on the financial 

world such as Stock Exchange 
prices, unit trusts and foreign ex- 
change, is to become quicker. 
British Telecom engineers are 
working on introducing a facil- 
ity so that prices will be updated 
automatically on screen as you 
watch. Prestel users now have to 
rekey to see if prices have 
changed since they Gist requested 
the information. 

■ The Consumers Associa- 
tion, publishers of Which maga- 
zine, has produced an updated 
version of its Taxcak computer 
software for the 1985-86 tax 
year.The program, which is for 
home computers and costs £7. 
will calculate how much tax you 
should pay for the year and 
will also work out the effect of 
separate taxation for married 

■ IBM lias reported a world- 
wide first quarter profit of more 
than £700 million, 3.1 percent 
up while sales rose 3.7 per cent to 
nearly £7,000 million. The im- 
provement is attributed to the 
lower value of the dollar, im- 

■ 100 million. IBM chairman, 
John Akers, repeated earlier mes- 
sages that there is still 
uncertainity in the US market 
and slow growth in capital 
spending. Digital Equipment, the 
world's second largest comput- 
er group after IBM. has reported a 


US nuihmy ni&dla&roibSpam. . • • ■- 

if the Uxiited&iies Attacked -- •' . \‘ : j 

Libyan " •’ r *' , ' ••• - 

profit gain of 86 per cent to 
£1 1 1 million for its last quarter to 
March 29. Sales for the quarter 
increased 14 percent to £1.26 
billion. ' 

■ A comp u teriz e d alternative 
to docking in with punch cards at 
work has been launched by a 
subsidiary of the National West- 
minster Bank - Centre-file. 
Employees cards are “swiped" 
through a terminal linked to a 
mainframe compute which will 
then calulate pay from the 
time recorded and produce a . 
payslip. Designed forcbmpa- ' 1 
rues with more than 150 staff the 
Paytime system can also give 
absentee and sickness reports and 
other personnel information. 

■ IBM Spain cancelled a re- 
gkmal safes meeting last weekend: 
on the Mediterranean island of 
Mallorca because of Libyan 
threats against Spain. The- . 
joint sales meeting between the 
Spanish branch of IBM and : 

IBM Switzerland was to have. 
been attended by more than . 
2.000 people. Before foe US- . 
bombing raid on the Libyan - 
capital Tripoli last Tuesday, Lib- 
ya threatened reprisals against . • 

■ Meaning cssjaigonwortte: 
affect ds computer industry iflOrtt- 
than most znd it seems .that 
most new computer products are 
heavily immersed in a wodge - ■; 
of supposed technical advantaged 
Frequently, however, if the jar- 
gon was translated inioplain-En- 
glish it would soon emerge / .. 
there was nothing special m it — . 
the motoring equivalent would . 

be to advertise a car as having . % 
four superb round wheels and • . . ■ 

a steering wheel as an optional ex * . : 
fra. This month’s jargon an- 
nouncementaward must go to 
Cincom Systems who adver- • 
ti» in a mait foot “In addition to ■ 
complete proven functionality ■ : 
MRPS specifically addresses the. 
key issues which normally af- 
fect the snccessofan MjRFU 

Professor John Ashworth: 
- A- new technology centre. 

■ Wang Laboratorievthe 
compute group, plans a new 
plant in South Korea and will 
buy its distributor to fonn a sub- 
sidiary calktiWang Computer - 
Korea. The factory wifi make per-, 
sonal computers and print-out 
terminals, employing about 100 
people. It is due to start opera- . 
tions this year. 

. . are oat of . 
teach with what technology can 
do. said Professor John : 

Ashworth, vice-chancellor of Sal- 
fordtlpiversity, at therecent 
bunch of a new manufacturing 
technology centrebeingsel op 
in Mansfield. His university is ~ 
now- recruiting applicants for a 
degree folnforitiation Technology 
at anew IT Instjtate which - 
plans to fake its first 55 students , 
mOctober and stresses that A 
levels in any subject are accept- 
able* the only minimum re- : 
qairements being O levels in 
English and Maths. Applies- - 
turn fionns win be accepted from 
. those who have already ap: 
plied through UCCA for other 
courses: Farther details from 
-Gren Dixon 061-7365843. 


If you’re going to learn how to use a micro computeryou 
might as well choose the best available. In fact the Business 
Computer System of the Year. 

And if you’re going to learn on the best computer 
you might as well be taught by the people who know 
the most about it. In fact the people who moke it. 

And if you’re going to learn effectively you had 
better go to a training centre with every conceivable 
technical and leisure facility you could want. And you had 
better use the best software packages available. 

So if you’re going to find such a course you had better 
in the coupon below In fact the sooner the better. 

For course information contact Lesley Bishop at the address below 

T 22/4 86 









Wright Air 

- fcryourccnptoroom - 











Friday IWi May 1886 

ThttdMM 4 Iw Mart tviOTiMKmstaMaovftogBavUettartMoai 
Neg— i dO—V v ViWB.HW 

miner si M pe e l— » 


or Phone 

Kings Avenue, 
74241 (24 torn} 

EX4 i 


To Whom it.'May- Concern: pursuant to 
today's 3BWt dealer conference, wifi any 
IBM Personal Computer user who .r ead s 
this advertisement kindly c ommunic ate 
with. Messers. Morse Computers of HigK 
. Holbora, W. when he will learn something 
to his advantage. _ . 


Compaq: 3 new models ! 

Compaq Portable II now available in 3 

versions: lighter, smaller, sleeker, new 

keyboard, 80286 8mHz processor, 256k 

expandable to 4.1 megabytes. Floppy or 

10mb bard. disk. From £3695. 

Prices now reduced by up to £600 on Compaq 1 - Portable,! 
Compaq Plus and Compaq Deskpro. Fufl range in Stock.! 

MORSE COMPUTERS 78 Hsh Hoftw * London 

ru ■ ^ Telephone 01-831 0644. Telex 262546 

” The TWrisam MI g errinteagent modem for the off** <x ' 

for people onxhenw . • 

; Tf^*ish-TOtianw*dataoi»tte'^ 
6theo^ap)»t>^ntx^ttiatwfl(^ihej6ti t™*****™ 

e*rlhey owd to «ne«.or send mformatton las Drectacoea&to 

iefo,em*i^data6a»'fac*iiesafeihe^atiheto.xhotaiautfoo.. ' 

iTte. tonsam Ml Theperfed Me fcr'fas* movng profesionai neats : • 
. *sn»mwiaosyswffisitd. 50/61 Theobalds tam London 

. WCIX 3SF Itf OlwSO A 4S54-. ^° 0n . 

- : - ; v Te| 




-hate affair 

■My search for an faeallapton 
•poriaMe . came . to a. brad 
during a casual conversation 
in Korea, Maku» thcmost of 
thcmfonrjality aflowcdhy foe- 
freemffionry-ae TKfes-lj&the 
international compuier/ffater- 
nftjv I picked a® brains ofbne 
of -the new£ wire-service' bof 
fins. r..V-. 1 

Where, I asked, .coal £nd a 
tamop portable which offers a 
faw 80 by-24 character seamen, - 

extensive memory — prefera- 
bly an integrated <&c' fiW 
system - and with tuff cam- 
mu nication . fodfities and a 
software bundle,- yet was be- 
low. tire £>000, mtqfc of. the 

1 found tiie one shop 
thatstockedit - 

'or j: the-? 


. He wftisnci-eri the oame 
Bondwell, and I have ibmked 
and curbed him ever ^ince. For 
he 'was light; the comptaer is 
all that, and more. But there ■ 
have- been times over tire list 
six months when bondage 
rather than Boudwell would 
have been a more appropriate 


“i- £■ 

l bad roadethebttsic operat- 
ing error of plugging m*Q a 
relatively unknown system 
when J shnpJy was not 
equipped to chart itew.temto- 
ry. -- T -'-- 

'Boridw® segued - a 
c^fygoartied«cretm Brit- 
am. it even toolc me a while to 
track oriedowr); finally ending 
tip-OT chancein theofte shop 
in- -Tbtiodia^' -Gonit Road 
that slbcfced^i ThMMi^aH 
my reqmrtm estt. packaged -in 
pnentaChme.-X- CPMsystem 
"ww one buflf-in disc, drive 
ttftfar-32Q& of. Storage-. efeKtbfe 
3-5tn- discs’ ami expansion 
possibilities -for ji- second 
. : ; - .: 

It had afnft-size screen and 
the taJMar ,t#eak liquid crystal 
dispiay- - preedit was being 
enhanced,.: I wastoW, tire 
fo^wing week, T» some extra 
softwaxe. lt was; I discovered, 
a "vanilla fiavoiir^ inachme, 
air- - obWasbioned but 
hmetiona] CP/M - op- 
erating system / find a 643e 

American r m<fcsigii4twasa 
ftttfestow, .but- it- did -came 
bundled with - ..Wordstar, 1 
Calcstar, Dafasta*; Rejxwtstar 
and-other 'software. 1 paid toy 
£l*SOG and cashed it . home 
with- delight. Then' the: trou- 
bles begaxi.1 sminto^e word- 
processing program Wordstar, 
bat discovered I could -not 
load the fimetiob keys andihe 
soisen enhancer together. - 

*4y detier was-^renffly, but 
unable . to . help. Then the 
machine did nbtseemtowant 
to-doubk^spaee on my home 
prints yte-wcjuKl nett smgjte- 
6nmy office printer. My 
* tired everything he 

*• ,^tt r 

’ s< .->l ' 


* . : By DavidGnest •“• 

-- The rnKTo^mputer fi^erhity 
has .sent- two new Trojan 
horses into the citadels of-foe 
large-scale computer tpers. 

JCL and Alpha Microfcaye 
" both announced- new. -ma- 

- dunes that wflLnotmarfc-the 
* end. of. foe.. micnKOTpniar 
■ industry's war of attrition 
" against - its huger forebear's, 
■* mil at d^fereqt -Ievds they 
” show which> way tire wind, is 

- blowing. .In particular,' they 

illustrate vividly the. inade- 
quacy of tire current naming 
convention, - _■ . 

Computers bavegmerajly 
“'been categorized as micros, 
minis and mam frames. This 
corresponds nretghlyfo smaff; 
-medium and Jai^y and js 
supposed togfyeaoldwbffoe' 
size of jobs to • winch tirey 
might be- ap pr o pr i ate. The 
minis have .'been squeezed ’ - 
over tire' last few years .ftpfo- 
above-by fo^fiftiog prices of 
, mainframes, and.frombekw 
; by L tbe. growings power '•of 

one machine 

roicrp&Air additional catego- 
& ryi the supanSmdMttflutpr, 
‘ whfoh foay be thought, of as 
; economy — or femify-size -- 
^ha&prospered, but tint tod is 
Z now trader prqssme Jrom tbe 
-micros- - .• - , 

The tire num- 
bers of people who ctn use foe 
new -breed of micros .tiqmlta- 
neously: In the case of foe 
Californian Alpha Mrerq’s 
AM-2000, it is up ‘ fewer tism 
240. This has no more to do 
with .personal- computing 
than . cramming wmidHrectHd 
numbers of bodies into- an 
Austin Mini had with carefree 
motoring. A ■ system , far 60 
- users wiD cost about £82.000. 
v The AM-2000 is' nqr 'one 
micro, however,'' but many. 
H With a series' of sobsicfoffx 
mocessors iietiectivdy pves a 
fleet' of light „vans foe-los^- 
bearing. .capacity 

nauL AJpha/Mkaro, wifo. ip 
eye jOQ faieigtt jrMtetpix,'h^B 
tafcn tiretrouWetepalaitthe 
drcrauy ,foat r achieves this 
disoibuti6n «f power, but it 
jsd> a’new. idea; Kis exactly 
iheapproadilaken by ICX ta 
thendey^lopmenti'of itspRS 

;.wfre*n At^^iNEon loi^s 
upwards to lake tin .systems 
such, .-as, IBM's 4300 and 
Sysfem/38 '. and ' Digital 
E^iipment’s Vax series, KX 
looks: sideways, into the per- 
soehI computer world- ‘ Its 
operating ' system; licensed 
from ^Digital Research, eves 
users the optioaofntij^ some 
applfoatibns. written lor the 
ISM PC axr others written in 
eartier times when personal 
Crimptiteisojity trfordidooer^ 

Is* processor, tire-. Intel 
SQ286,is thesameasthat used 
by IBbtin 1be<PC AT, which 
at . its. highest teiret wai give 
ebmt usere- access to the 
system- JGL’s system -yaH 
accommodate rep to 16/ — 
slight by comparison with/thfi 
Sh- 20§0: bqt. -it is worth 
nating than not-1 0 yehrs^ago 
BaipicompuierSi bad far less 
capacity -thipi ^thet^ v 

Alpha Micro has taken’ tire 
old^rashioaed/toute'of rising 
its; own ; operating/ system, 
called Arabs. Operating sysr 
tems-foal 4o>'nbt conform'to 

What- Bses are-froWried 

upon fo tim mforo Jm^iness 
theKt-days, but-ijiffiyidnal 
opemtitjgsystemsaBFeThe rule 
rather, than ; foe crieeption in 
foeVmarket the.-OMflpany .js 
airnhtg at It clain?^ ri range of 
some ,'600'*qsditatkms. ■ suit- 
a^te to nin under foe operat- 
ing '.system,/, and adds that 
ofoefs can easfiy benaaslated. 

BofoTCL arid Alpha Micro 
are underwriting their efforts 
- foci- developing 
mtgnatKmmiretwri ^cm gxta ri - 
dards, wththe mtention foal 
foetr sjrstexnff.fopaH. be~cqw- 
bte of being dinted to' ofoers 
through ah 'ace^Jted series bf 

rhann^s. ;. v ‘ • 


How stafTlearn tti loy^ 
their friendly yDUs 

1 - ■ 1 - J - - A^vif rnT 

By SaHy Watte 

Computers are' over-^>ld. Tori 
little is heard from thosq.wbo 
have to put -them into effect, 

and foe dramatic changes they 

cause in people's work Hv es 
■ are “consistently swept under 
i the carpet," acconhug to Bii- 
1 an Chance, financial director 
'ofS. H. Muffetti'a Timbri^e 
; Wells precision engineering 
company with 70 employees. 

production ifontrol, is difficult, 
invoLvmg (fifiererit . protases, 
people and materiitis, all rater- 
lockihg. ■'Staff, see-it as a 
conrinksflg problem through 
oul theirvvoliring fives - and a 
restrictive one,' in- the sense 
that they can operate only as. 
the equipment “dictates:, the 
human mrad versos, a attK 
ch^iical-gaJdfefit-. ' . 

Trattmai,' m the twoiyeara 

• ■"■ 1 i - «MP 

companv wnn /u empwyccs. since- Muffetfs- system wmi 
- He befieves his-owiv Compaq . instiled, have^raaged froil) 
ny. like many pthecs, under- tnisuftdcrstairdiiig^ T among 
estimated the problems of collogues and basic mjscon- 

nuiuiiicu wt - rouc my i w -n- ■ — 

'rntroducing com puler systems .(^ptiortt about fob_macbjnery 
— in Mufiett's case this com- t Q the-ui * 

“ 1 - * — V 

fo theunderstandabk conclu- 
sion .fom'rtire.a»npWCT 
useless,” -.or- wrirse. “I- am 
useless/ Wfet-wOl become of 
me if I- cannot^ cqpdT One 
rtian- even jredeed in bis job, 
buVrewrned laiei\ * ■■ - ' 
Evemuaih, . says. Brian 
Chandg^trfMtalrB foat.what 
benefits fhecorapany.trill step 
tenefit 'tl^/As thor : sente, 
mines:. mey’ ot> wm» w !»*«- into a new setorrouiiires^fo^ 
sarv at tire m o mept. whether apprefiatetire titillMfo.'wh^i 
^Tiling a memo on ihe back of technology' sorts, liste 

. . — — and summarises infannation; 

saying/ them mundane work. 

, and suggest ways of cxlenfong 

lt ^MrCbm^eiscoroepied 
about oftef-sriiml buanesses 
iiw' eucVMntf - nrilhnffl 

— iu muuoiv » 

■ prises production control, job 
costing, factory docuraenia- 
Ition and scheduling. '. 

* Mr Chance says “Bpsiiiess-, 
!es ha\e grown up on, ,a 
different basis, so entire woritr 
ing patterns undergo a.?** 
mendous upheavai.Older 
people., in particular, haws 
their own methods of. doing, 
things:. they do whal is peecs^ 

— , . 

-an old envelope, or SOmg to s 
-colleague and asking his ncTp 
■ with a probfem. - ■ • 

a Now they have to look for 
a -screen." press, in a number 
’and tell him what the /job,*. 
•They are in foe frustiapng 



! type have 

;the added diffreulty;rif teanb 
"ing a keyboard^' In.'additioii, 
.computers throw “a harsh, 
blinding glare On .any 
- oriiiswomC - "• - j - -- 

.Accounts are not so oaa, 
sa\s Mr Clwiree. bat.fecwry- 

Ol iraiRHie 1S.UWI 

he thinks, as staff may be self- 
cdhOTOus about askmg ques- 
tions.; He advises managem™* 
iri: .teovide more, i n- ho use. 
training, bridging/ foe/, gap 1 
betwfed. titeoty and everyday, 
use..'.,'’ : • ■ * 

knew and still drew a blank 
• I was put in touch with a 
helicopter pilot who wrote 
novels on it in ins spare time 
and who showed me foe trick 

of loading Wordstar’s func- 
tion keys and the screen 
enhancer. But it was a main- 
frame computer consultant 
for whom theBondwcU was a 
steam engine hobby, one Ian 
Steward, who became, my 
guru. • 

He solved my printing 
problems, .then set to work on 
the horrendous maze of com- 
munications. Each newspaper, 
wire service and mailbox sys- 
tem needed its own protocol — 
that I could understand. But 

So inmsBal it gives 
a sense of prestige 

most were accustomed to the 
courting habits, of a Tandy or 
an Epson, arid not foe more 
elegant advances of my 
Bond well. 

I spent hours struggKng with 
electronic mail, trying the 
patience of numerous newspa- 
per executives unable to find 
my article iti their system, but 
But whenever bona fide 
computer - men saw my 

Bondwell, they could not keep 
soffit ' 

their hands off it. My guru and 
I biunt the midnight ofl 
snuggling with the varying 
sensitivities of the receiving 
computers and the 

idiosyncrasies of Ascom, the 
communications software Ian 
had selected and, one by one, 
we cracked them. ' 

It took usa month before we 
finally cracked them. Yet even 
after six months, life with foe 
Bondwell is not without its 
shocks, far both of us. I 
arrived once to find a grim- 
feced guru. 

“1 have," he said through 
hts teeth, “just had a sense-of- 
humour failure." He had been 
usi ng his machine much of the 
day, safe in the knowledge that 
he has eight hours of battery 
life before the flashing light 
indicates 30 m/nuces to go. 
For the past hour, he had 
worked on a complex quota- 
tion, and be was ten minutes 
from finishing. 

He continued without sav- 
ing, and seven minutes later, 
as be attempted to save, foe 
screen went Wank. There may 
be 30 minutes of simple use, 
but foe saving operation eats 
up all the reserves of juice. 

It was a severe way to 
discover it. Then, earlier this 
year when foe price of the 
basic Bondwell dropped to 
£995, but still we kept faith. 

It easily outstrips any porta- 
ble in its price bracket and 
puts most of those up to 
£2.500 to shame. And I can 
still enjoy foe cachet of 
possesiog the unusual without 
having to reveal that had I 
been on my own, my sanity 
would have been sorely tested. 

Soames and laptop: After hours of investigation, surprising 
discoveries about the courtship rituals of a rare creature 

On line at last at 
the Foreign Office 

A week in the computer indus- 
try can be a long time — but in 
the Foreign and Common- 
wealth Office, mere annates 
can be crucial 

.As last week's crisis in the 
Middle East dearly illustrat- 
ed, the Government and its 
diplomatic service can often be 
asked to make crucial deri- 
sions extremely quickly - with 
serious consequences if they 
make the wrong derision. 

Immediate access to Impor- 
tant documents during a crisis 
can be essential to such ded- 
skra-makiiig and last week the 
Foreign Office took steps to 
Improve (hat access. It is to 
install a £4.5 million computer 
system — the Foreign Office 
London Integrated Office Sys- 
tem (Folios), which will have 
electronic mail and messaging 
facilities that should improve 
not only the speed with which 
important telegrams go to 
diplomatic officials, but also 
tbe way in which those tele- 
grams are Tiled. 

Instead of an army of mes- 
sengers running about the 
maze of buildings and offices 
that makes up the 
FCO,delivering paper copies 
of telegrams, they will be 
keyed into a computer the 
moment they arrive and be 
instantly sent off to all the 
computer terminals used by- 
foe people who need to read 

About 1250 terminals are to 
be installed in foe Fwwg» 
Office over foe next Bye years 
andsbooJd save a good deal of 
time, shoe-leather and per* 
haps even lives. Forei gn 
office messengers curreuoy 
deliver telegrams around the 
various offices three times a 
day - with telegrams that 
need to go to more than one 
person having to be photocop- 
ied before they go anywhere. 

Another advantage of the 
system should be that all 
messages which move through 
will be able to be accessed 
through a keyword search 
which will allow for example, 
somebody, who foe necessary 
clearances to do so, to read aD 
the diplomatic messages con- 
cerning a particular topic that 
have come in over foe past few 

The pace of incoming tele- 
grams at paresent prevents 
that kind of comprehensive 
catalogue of information. 

Developed by Systems De- 
signers the new computer is 
claimed to be entirely secure. 
No external telephone lines 
will link into the system and a 
strict password protection sys- 
tem will be employed internal- 

There will also be an audit- 
trail containing records of all 
file accesses so that security 
officers can find ont who has 
accessed w hat information. 

starts where 

If you’re serious about 
putting a computeno work in 
your business, you won't be 
sp&ljpd far choice. 

. In feci, there’s only one firm 
staitnig pewit for serious business 
computing. The Apricot 
Collection and GEM - complete 
busmes&systenis designed to get 
you'tip and running from the 

then GE1V 

And you can combine the two 
for visually impressive presentations. 

GEM systems software is 
included in the entire range, 
making all Apricot computers 
equally easy to work with. And 
all GEM packages work the same 
way -learn one and you have 
learned them alL 

. . With monitor, printer, mouse 
and friendly GEM softwareafl 
included, foe Apricot Collection 
gjyesyou everything you need - 
right down to the power cable 
and plug- in one unbeatably 

The power 

gives you 

The Apricot Collection has 
all the power and versatility you 
expect from a highspeciffcation 
business computet The standard 
512K of memory is enough to 
cope with the latest integrated 
office syaenas. 

-And there Vail the disk . 


storage you need -The Apricot 
Rhasiwo floppy disk drives - 
which can store foe equivalent of 
ariiediunvsized novel A built-in 
hard diskdrive gives the Apricot 
F10 foe capacity to store all the 
paperwork of a medium-sired 

And with foe Apricot mouse 
and GEM software, most com- 

Thai goes for GEM Draw and 
GEM Graph too, and foe many- 
other GEM-based applications 
that are becoming available. 

To find out more fill in foe 
coupon or call us on Freefone 
Apricot (via foe operator! and 
we’ll send you a free brochure. 

It could be the sian of 
something big. 

mands are as easy as pointing. 

The monitor 

The software 

The keyboard 

You can choose a 9" or 12" 
monochrome monitor, or a 10" 
colour monitor capable of 
displaying up to sixteen colours 
at once - ideal for GEM'S high- 
quality graphics. 

.A profesaonal-standard 
■keyboard is a must for novices 
and skilled typists alike. That's 
why foe Apricot Collection 
(features all the typewriter keys, a 
numeric keypad for financial work, 
and a built-in dock and calculator. 

The printer 

Whether you're running off 
the months invoices, producing 
charts and tables, or turning your 
rough drafts into hard copy, youTJ 
need a high-quality printer 
That's why Apricot Collection 
computers come with a versatile 
primer- capable of handling both 
detailed graphics and corre- 
spondence quality lettering. 

-Each Apricot Collection 
system gives you access to 
literally thousands of MS-DOS 
software packages, including all 
the big name packages from 
Lotus. Ashton Tate. Digital 
Research and many others. 

And foe inclusive GEM 
software means you can put your 
.Apricot to profitable use within 
hours rather than daw. Just by 
pointing an arrow and clicking a 
button you can execute the most 
complex tasks. 

GEM puts the power of foe 
Apricot Collection to work from 
the word go. 

GEM Write word processor 
lets you draft, edit and prim out 
documents. While GEM Paint 
produces drawings, graphs and 
diagrams to order. 

Apricot Collection and GEM' a 
complete package for the first time 
business user 

j Please send me a free information pack on foe 

■ .Apricot Collection. To Apricol UK Limited. 

■ FREEPOST Halesowen, West Midlands, 

! B631BR. 


| Name. 




| Company. 







*T*rirt shown is for complete packaged system »hown above: Apriccu F2- twin disk drives, mdusne V mono preen phosphe r monitoc mo-ue. I 
W’oier 22 matrix prinier^nd CEM so^vare. Price excludes VAT GEM is j n-meied nadenurfc of Digml RcmjicIi Inv. ■ 









































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We’re more interested in your 



ERMUre v.. 



If you have a background in 
engineering, OR, DP or indeed, any 
practical, numerate field, and you are 
keen to escape from a routine 
environment, you should consider 
joining Metier - the unquestioned 
market leaders in the world of project 
management information systems. 
As an Application Consultant, you will 
be involved in management 
consultancy, systems implementation 
and sales presentations and will 
have the chance to travel extensively 
both within the UK and overseas. You 
will often be expected to meet tight 
deadlines and no two assignments 
will be the same. 

Self-motivated, presentable and 
highly articulate, you will need proven 

computing aptitude but a formal DP 
background is by no means essential. 
You may well have a degree in a 
scientific discipline, and a knowledge 
of European languages would be very 

Depending on your experience, we 
can offer a starting salary of between 
£10K and 616K. an a ttra ct i ve range of 
benefits, including a company car, and 
impressive opportunities for career 
progression. So, if you are looking for 
a greater challenge, send a full CV. 
stating current salary and where you 
saw this advertisement, to: 

Diane Wyatt Consultancy Services, 
Metier Management Systems Limited, 
23 Clayton Road, Hayes, 

Middlesex UB3 1 AN. Tel: 01 -848 3400. 





This major subsidiary of a leading Americarf manufacturer is expanding its Sales Ron* and 
is recruiting successful Sales Professionals to sell its exciting new product range into the 
IBM mainframe market piece The products include Relational Database, 4GL and EJectronk 
Mail Software packages. The successful applicants should be in possession of a track record 
of high achievement gained selling related products into the IBM mini/mainframe market 
place. These positions represent the first stage of a planned business expansion and will 
present definite opportunities of career advancement for the ambitious, in addition to the 
very achievable on target earnings on offer, other generous benefits include non -contributory 
pension, private health care, health insurance and a substantial guarantee. 

REFTB 13255 







ceand One of the leading and most successful data communications companies in thett-K. is 
ito the urgently recruiting for a new key position. The position of Major Accounts Manager requires 

ironic the combined skillsof large account development and team management The successful 

record applicant should be a top sales professional with several years major aoaourrt development 

narket experience at a senior level within the data eomms industry. The brief will be to maximise 

nd will profitability of a select list of Major Accounts through your own sales expertise as welt as 

i to the through the moil vatlon of your own sales team. The sen iority of this role is reflected in the 

butory excellent earnings package. Other benefits include definite career advancement in this 
growing company, quality company car. pension and BUPA. REF TL 13562 




£14k BASIC £30k OTE 

This dynamic micro computer sales organisation is recognised as one of the leading 
independent business systems groups in the (J.K. Following their explosive but planned 
growth, giving an impressive turnover in excess of £15 million, they are seeking successful 
Safes Executives to complement their existing highly profitable teams. The key criteria a/er— 
self-motivation, and a proven track record in business micro sales such as IBM and Compaq. 
Their impressive portfolio of clients includes numerous public companies. This is a superb 
opportunity to join an established, rapidly growing company who have gained nationwide 
credibility In the total solutions safes arena. Excellent company benefits include backup 
from top technical support divisions, high earnings incentives and a choice of superior 
company car. REF TL 1 3563 




The Financial Systems Division of a major and long established computer group is recrufting 
a Sales Professional to sell at senior levels within the City. The company has enjoyed 
considerable success through the sales of their Banking and Invest mentSoftware packages. 
Existing usprs amongthe extensive client base indude leading Merchant Banks and 
Insurance companies. The successful applicant should possess a track record showing high 

achievement gained selling financial systems or consultancy in the City, combined with a 
highly professional approach and the ability to generate new business. This represents an 

outstanding opportunity to join a respected and specialised organisation with further career 
advancement a strong possibility. In addition to the very achievable on target earnings on 
offer there is also a non-contributory pension, private health care, company car and a 
guarantee. RErTB 13269 




To maintain their leading edge in the development oflarge sophisticated Global Banking 

Systems, the Information Systems Division of this International Merchant Bank wish to 
recruit experienced Project Leaders. The successful applicants are likely to have extensive 
knowledge of Eurobond Dealing. Foreign Exchange andbr Money Market Systems as these 
are the three main areas currently beinq developed. The Project Leaders appointed should 

Market Systems as these 
are the three main areas currently being developed. The Project Leaders appointed should 
be self motivated individuals who not only lead by example but have a proven ability to 
communicate and work under pressure to tight timescales. Developments are centred on 
IBM equipment, however, the company place more importance on business awareness than 
a particular hardware experience. The salary and benefits on offer reflect the importance 
of these roles. REF TR 13070 



Our client is an international company who are currently providing banking systems ona 
worldwide basis At present they renui re a Systems Analyst or Consultant to complement 
the section which is responsible for the portfolio investment management systems. 
Candidates should have considerable knowledge of Investment banking systems and a 
proven track record of analys is and desi gn. S u table applicants should have good academic 
qualifications, the determination to excel in a demanding environment and possess 
communicative skills expected of high calibre professionals Tne company will review salary 
after four months service and In addition will reward employees who are prepared to work 

after four months service and In addition will reward employees who are prepared to work 
abroad on a temporary basis. In addition toa very competitive salary, the benefits package 
includes a company car of your choice, BUPA and a pension scheme. REFTM 13552 



The rush is on for young Graduate Analysts and Programmers, to develop systems ready 
for the Big Bang. This is never more apparent than at this City based firm of Management 
Consultants, who are specialising in the development of Dealer Room, Foreign Exchange 
and Investment Management systems Ideally aged mid 20's to late 30‘s and possessing a 
good degree, candidates should have gained several years experience in Data Processing 

TO £20,000 
+• CAR 

good degree, candidates should have gained several years experience in Data Processing 
and preferably a broad knowledge of a variety of applications Banking experience although 
preferable. Is not essential, as full training will be given in this and any new hardwarefeoftvare. 

Salaries are excellent dependent on experience in addition to comprehensive benefits. 

REFTP 12996 



A number of international consultancies and systems houses are currently recruiting 
Consultants with a communications background. They wUJ be advising clients from a variety 
of areas intending finance. Industry and science, on hardware/software selection, planning 
and implementation. Candidates presently performing a technical, support or marketing 
role are invited to apply, particularly those who have worked for a large user or major 
computer or communications supplier. Degree level education, business acumen and good 
inter-personal skills are essential. 

REF TT 13404 


We have many other National and International vacancies, please contact one of oar Consultants for details. 


24hrs(10 lines) S 01-439 8302 
S 01-437 5994 


Evenings & Weekends "S (0892) 28736 
X (0252) 27703 





Company: Wan M W *«twd rapr IBM user wttan me City of London tfiKung the Hast 
nctmology tor bath w ch nc a l and bumss solutions. 

Posaow Spawns Anaya rwnonsHte tot me d o w d oy m a n i d on-fine acco u ntin g and flnandt 
aovtcokm. A profasatonai and W fi dsnt person who can dwslop an 0 roar eystoiws auc- 
cessfidy m a con am rowjbuaawa emeonment 

Expeflenee: Upwards ol three years commmoat experience gained on bvge development 
asepments uwg nenle or mainframes (any hardware), a progremnrtnQ background a not 
asseneafbuta comp ie w awamneaaottheimpacationsofprodu ch Mde iod e as pe uh c eauf froni 
wtw*t programmers an war* mm be qemo ns tf a to a IBM ma mrrai i e e xt ern, c e wS be an 
advantage, ttowerar tut ooM-tanng w* be provided. 

General; Lattngaaqjnty end a fine oppomarfty to further your career In an environmen t uttng 
tne very latest iBUWdwero. REF: TO «5 




Company- A euecMohi Nranaaf wnrfee group web traced wftfWi the* own merket, covering a* 





to S20K BASE 


aspects of financial ma n ag e m ent planrin g and nveGenams 
Posmon s Programmer*. Server Programmer a and Analyst/ 

and Anaya/* 1 ' iv amtner s id wav k> and 

productive teams witn consderatfre user Moon developing and swooning financial systom*. 
Experience - a meanvn oil 8 months COBOL experience gamed on m wn fr am eeqmygerB from 
«twr » Imanoaior commercial ennromrnttL F W aranc a wtf fw given to cenddUK wtft tCL 

DME/VME freckground. however, any mainframe expenance vrtt tie carofuby considered- At the 
mc, ° Mntor ygfe.W—i Watfng experience wouU be an ad vantag e , toge t her with good 


Genera* A srgnthcant opportunity to retrain on to IBM end jam a progressive uu m p a n y wtoi 
max*- rr plans m nand. grvmg successful caneSo a w e career advancamaM and a secure 

Company: Estabfisfied and success** manufacturer near bringing out a near dele communto- 
ttons product to co ntfe m ent that eaesng range of widely used systems. 
Poaoon:TVro i Bls i e v a n j|ive » w e n eadWtoloinadyi itoW: an d ra;yfi> p r n toasi nr w l w em toes8 
an excUg new XZ5 based deto eomms pradUCL One posBon wH oowr London and 8w Soutfi 
East the other w« cover the West County, based In Bristol 

Expenencs: Suxessftd candidates are expected to be aettevsrs *48i on esca^ni BMe9 
record n the tfctt commuucaeons market place. 

General: A tendte opportunity tor toOBfrotn profs aa ioi M to to )o*i an rapenang company whose 
highly regarted products are taefted by Strong markeong and tecnotod support. The generous 
portage ottered includes BUPA, chotoe o* car and guarantee. 

REF: 7A 7318 








Coropenv: m&*r respected end ex tr emely success*, this Brifisfi manufacturer has an interne- 
honaJ raputaben lor excaflence wdhto me McroamptOer marker place. Etee to an br^nsshm 

growth rate and ouatandtog demand, Mttttonai astos profession* are now rawed. 
Pua i fr t m. The successful ca ndi date s wB be nfFwi** lor Vie sale of the company's reply 
acefasned 33 M Unto based rmaocomputer. dan Coe n — s ta tions and aa s od a ted partphetata 
mu a variety of c otpo ra w accoutre and vertical markets. 

Espensncec Naturae? a proven and succeasM aredc record and sound to to afi e dae or Ms 
paracuiar environment b b b s is «iI. In attdon the mora earner eantodatos staid be able to 
d e m o nst r a te free ably to grow accounts. and a crotSbto, maw anwtde. F» noth posxkms 
knowledge Ql toe Unix oper a ting system would be advantageous. 


Company Marker leader supplying ns own ratottonst database and SQL products. Presaaoq 
offices In Suray (dose to London). 

swromdrng arww. " 

&ipeneriraK Su cass hfi spp H ua ncs new Kara a sound DP Background (no perUcuiar hardware 
Drideran ga) and goad database frawonai) know to o ge proheWy gamed from 
a emgnptttiwrat rat u. You have had experience of leadtog at least One similar 

ptqg g mrra^ h to ondueon, praferabiy with a financial oas and be cambiB of tearing a team 
® FT °y ammB,B wtvwrrryciwuerk. verbal an o wrMan commuWcabon sfcOs and m 
outstanmig uoearance are essennal. 

T r ga a -P“=‘‘?* w ‘ a yea fi .tor to smsafiraa. They o «e» out stawto ig and fcewa is wg work 

■* !<»» rt Danefita moudcie cricxce or penaon 

pom and a pnvata patterns scheme. Attention to omTana toe sowy wetol yow own eHtoee e 
mu«- * REF: TX 1300 


Compen y-_A me tor wortd eSde y gwsgfion masing a vanety of nveros aid IBM me m fr wn aa. 

ynr a ? | Jl n .^ anth3aw '*"* ** '"•■fitoB wWn me aero dvraan. su pta fin g and 

Several yearn wmanance at working wtoi ntoroa (any maeNnea) preleratty In a 

General: Recoyusadin ewer 30 cotranea tor pum OhigBr di N i a and cost eftecoveUntx based 
Sftran, ora company to oftonng a ganeroua range or benefits fnetefng a ch la va bl o an target 

ayeon, ora company to oftonng a ganeroua range of b enefi t 
etm fr tg a and a three month guarantee. These faaora sagstoer 
W> make toese e aca na e s a unkyue opportuncy to twtoar yi 

gr wtto owsndng tadncal bart- 
VOUf REF: 7Y 1177 



OTE £35|M 


support role bom n 
sound knowtooga af 
1i3.. Wordstar mc. 

part of a young prolessmnal team. 
Genarat FtomOon prospects are □ 

Company Probably one ol our torgesr end most prwogtoim efiants. Havkig been estaefished tor 
several d eca rta covemg every conpuWr g ener a fion tnrougn i n awiam e a -iran u . iracree- 
rtasMnpfi end office au to m ati on. 

Poamonw Several era avefiatae m various tocadons toduttoig West and Centtal London offering 
easy scceee » oreet ret and Uefba Ms wtvfimg from pwsase but f burawse cenbee 

Genarat ftomckon piospeta are outstanang and to* c a nffi da t e wto In tune oe e xpected to 
Stmenneor. The finanaai package w* edm sub a nna ai taen e trt s . as eroeewe 

grawroemrmearai ervaor. me imarvam package wm raw suDannfiBf benefits, as apetaeq 
from a large muiMiMonal. REF: TS 1297 


Coi'toany ragMy successha Inta mafi o iiN Oigerttatton ope ra e uu from mo Criy and deveupng 
successM financml Sysieme wtuen are m greet demand Bqmheie n he UK end twem e eS 
(npeoaly ai North AmencaV 

Popton- Anaiyst/Pro g i a mi mn stp |om a dynamic team. Most of the work wto be on dBvaroptoc 
mattone mmb anaurwtementng toese at various arts*. Thera wa oeeramea user aar&oC. 

offering exoseere ckent etmowtomgs - paramfiarty conouswe to wneng and ma anaiWi g good 
buvess. Account Managers wfil be womaig m dosety spaewased market areas wononglran 
quasfied leeda and an e x i ram a i y torge user bane. Management support to rx c o fien t as la toa 
tatnecal pro/poet satos support. 

Eapmancer hUmfrmm v office aunmadon backgrounds catodng any hardnoro. Ft* framing 
wto dq gran where raqaetL The wonts “energy, umtktoinrni. ccnhdsnce. good track record" 
am regdarty sooun toa but gemane carver prospects of moving too new market areas and 
mo nanagsmant anoifid be notod and 9van cerefifi oonsideraeon. Hecate s u c c nasfu f candl 

dam m btotr last |HM wara:- lot down. bond, tooktog tor • chafianga or pm raady to now move 

Into Ths Job". They rare snvu about changng jobs and doing aoraatheig «S0U «Mr 
I mofi hocd. 

Genarat Curo rai p omaons me avsMto we hara tound toat standard* am Mgh end whist 

PosrKm- Anaiyst/Promammera to |crn a dynamic team. RAMt of the work wifi ba on dBvetoptoo 
maHwne system antfrmptvmemjng twee el various sfies. Thera wa oeeuemtm user ewrfcc 
Expenenoe Severaiyeara on IBM lamframes wttn nwsmum 4 years of Anafyora & ftogram- 
nww n a PL/1. CICB enwronmen t Anpkcams ham software house* «ra strong MnoW or 

Evening numbers 
until 10pm:- 

0990 25639 
03727 22531 

mng n a PL/1. CICS environmen t Appteams from software >>ohw wra> strong manor or Genarat Seven) pestoons me avafietie we hoe found toat standard* are Mflh end whist 

frPrto"" W be paifctfiany usefrf fol baa*s W be gra an V neaesary. preitom eanadaes have been extameW Im p res se d and keen to yarn - the conyany are very 

F*“g”p„ t °r ato e eSte and otey e tew ere oBtoad |S ■ "Onto toe beet wJdb '.M»e8 * yooratfrtode and 

»cfyx*igy and to travel throughout toe ndrtd. Good company wwafttkYcw wB be „ _ 

to^Mte ^ o ii (yeear rospowfoty. leading to promomi and m fime n Fr^gB^Etar&g 

for a carAtonbd decuspan seas ness nd nary at* warns. itoaM cama ndn coasJans. 

mesa sanusds era w«et you naue oome to espea ptoase can fisr krther (ntonnaeori and e 
eoMinai tefoMjM REF: Trh 1163 

nt *o spends * »mg Bflflsh maab ntng omen W «t<ng to reftfn to trw UK. 

6th Floor. Empire House, 175 Piccadilly. London W1Z 9DB Telephone, 01-109 2844, 01-439 8302 (24 hours). 

• recruitment CBBSallSBGj* 

ihiteSSr I ooSdag fer 

soaefluag ware permn ^to 

die compnt» 

eamerience, firom bc*bffld« rf 

sotue do s atai tarts nr |oe- 
' sedeers in high technology 

When jd«ed£ers in the a«n- 
puier mdustry answer advCT- 
tisements . thejr l*opc to 
competing against ahananu 

of other hopefuls. Tfte5'Mr 

usually wrong- Despite wea 
publicized shortages m certain 
areas of computing, monr 
often, and especiany for 
inexperienced and those wish- 
ing to move into the n*duOry. 
the curriculum vitae win be 
one of perhaps 100 landing on 
the consultant’s desk the 
morning after ah advertise- 
ment is published. 

Package yoarseif as 
a saleable product 

Just reading through this 
pile in an eight-hour day 
means a consultant hasto 
cover every lovingly compiled 
record of every applicant's hfe 
in four minutes. He has to 
reject nine-tenths of the appli- 
cants, to pick 10 people for 
interview. . 

The job-hunter, psnkulany 
the school-leavers and , the 
over-40s, can become jusl bits 
of d 2 B a in this process and 
applicants should also remem- 
ber that the recruitment con- 
sultants are salesmen, usually 
paid commission on the speed 
they can sell the product — 
their product bring the people 
they can place. To get any help 
from them, therefore, you 
have to package yourself as a 
saleable product and market 
yourself to them. Higb-ieeb- 
notogy jobseekers must per- 
suade the recruitment 
consultant, and then the em- 
ployer, that he marches the job 
spec better than anyone else. 

The first shot in this cam- 
paign is the CV and its 
covering tetter. The CV has 
only one purpose-* to 'get you 
an interview. It most stand 
oat from the pile. Them is oo 
point in making a CV a five- 
page obituary, so the jtfo- 

positions fee *{* 


Emphasis adnev mena , 
such as putting *n a payroD 
system a month aneaa or 
. rmget nod £J0/W0 under hwlri 
ecl rather than tides Or stttns. 

A fenc% title ja« makes iter 
applicant. look: pompous* 

. Stress the test few job* or ifec 
job where the apptaamt had 
most reqiwwifeHriy. Mo« peo- 
ple in the irafcsry hawacctti 
-to a word processor and it is 
no bad thing to udor the CV 
to the. particular jok 

OJ TheCY^ouWabo be your 
own. The package CV formal* 
churned out by profcss«m*l 
CV-wrttrag counsellors 
generally imute. 

' if you are called for inter- 
view ’do not treat it just as a 
pleasant chat. Ask quesfrops 
and H sfe w , to find out the 
employer's needs* Keep prob- 
ing and you will keep fife 
consultant, who may be no 
better briefed than you. on lus 
toes* The consultant is prefofe 
Wy Bon-tednscal so be spar- 
ing with the computer jfogott. 

Over-40s should 
avoid consultants 

Pace the imerview. Yon 
have only a short rime avafr- 
able to match aB your relevant 
knowfedgerand snfte with bb 
ficecte. ■ 

-. Most consultants reflect f&e 
industry's view that the over- 

40s are not worth emptoyreg. 
so the ovtr-40s should avoid 
the consultants and go for the 
hidden vacancies, which ait 
not adv er ti sed but are avap- 
abic on the old boy networks 
of personal friends, .profes- 
s«mal contacts, golf dubK eta 
There are always more hidden 
vacancies than advertised 
ones. The jobseeker must he 
ic^Ak: abdta wbu recruit# 
mettt consohants can and 
cannot do for them. - 


The fascr feeank tiaa arrived, 
says the hnsaness n ri c r oc w - 
mtfer industry of North Amer- 
ica. Laser technology used fa 
compact discs, computer stet- 
age and special laser-based 
printing devices are expected 
to introduce new .- levels of 
innovation into afiat r? 
-stifled by the uwod m of 
standarf gaXkwan wndl fflMS 
persoawl compitter hudmue. 

Some companies imve indi- 
cated that thereis a market for 
what they call desktop pnb- 
Ushmg wfth hi^i-Nuality laser ; 
printfog tedmedogy and new 
and in-depfri compater fefor- 
matMm pregrms asag the 
compact disc irrha a fo gy. ‘ 

ware awd large libraries of 
fofan na ifa a ottaafagfedBc. . 

• m trftert tott it te 

- prefeoMy laacar prinhm, rather 
Mb fatseewpoaoed compact 
a*cs> which wffi hare more of 
an eflect on the bmines^ 
oampmer aaariret Laaer print- 
ers are already becoming pop^ 
riar am o n g carpa r ations tfat 
ml qafet, foot and Mglfe 
qnaBty doriaoenfo from their 

Apple is mafcTng the desktop 
pubftshiiig appUcatfon a major 
plank fit setting its Macintosh 
computer into tasiness, while 
Microsoft Is one of those 
tiyiiu fo derefopiag standards 
for tee compact disc technol- 
ogy. ft hopes that wKhm the 
next few yean compact disc 
computers wOl be cheap 
enough to offer business soff- 

it is bared on renefi the same 
principles as an office abot^m 
copier — oo ribboa, nk or 
Mttmgof aeto2 against paper 
in the printing process- it can 
ran almost aobetessly. Some 
mamfoctarers, sack as Xerox, 
are mm pre d ari n g laser prini- 
ere which can work as phato- 
repien or do facsimile 
t r a nsmisso ns, 

A good Laser printer can now 
be called on to produce type- 
setting-quality oatpat, indnri- 
mg pictures, layout and 
headHnes. This process has 
become known as desktop 
publishing, the most popular 
jargon phrase among corapat- 
er uttnufecturers from Apple: 



Non-smokix^r programmer with one to 
two years Pascal experience required for 
software house in Cambridge working on 
management systems. 

Short term or long tens. 

Please telephone in first ' 

Ash HU ^ 

Otfine Is the worirfs fearirno — • . . . 

encesandexlSv«!S5l.?? a n?«‘ ^ confer 








< n^S 


^ -IS 

•Vnsx-.,,, , 

^ "A., 

’ U-ej*. ,. 
*!l '■. . “ 

; .5 

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... .. : ., ;; j 

$ ^ ;• \ yv ■> *>>:• 

* •* • » i. k* U la. k 

' * Jf ai 

••— !•■• «T’ 

- •-• *S -‘- 

. . -r- 

■ i - ;•£ 

.« • fc .1J 
- .-■ ; 

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■ - «• 


. , -*r»' 

is - • ' 


** ^ of London’s most 
raYfard looking authorities - up to £14*718 

on Slro^ZTnl ISfiEg?*?* ^ ^ 
We now need another enthusiastic Assistant Solicitor. 

n.ttUfiSiI? t ^S l4n k^BOMemment, ideally with 12 months post 
qual ^J^pnexpenence, this could be the ideal opportunity tor you to 

KSi^ 1 " 8 department' TheWork will mainly 
^ of conveyancing matters together with responsi- 

nS^hr^S 1 " 8 T HouS I ng ^ are committed to training and 
new technotogy and can offer you excellent and varied experience. 

p/us benefltsan d being an equal 

opportunity employer we welcome all applications. 

Sr ^«n^ n ?S COmaCt ^ McKenna'or Roger\feigine on 01-863 5671. 
JSjSJp.jr 22 52l °J ^ nte t0 the Director oLLaw and Administration. 
fff** 011 KWb of Harrow.. P.O. Box 2, Civic Centre. Station Road. 
Harrow, Middlesex, HA1 2UH. 

Qos'mg date: 15th May. 1986. 

— Harrow tL®®®D _ 

an e<^iai opportunity employer 

Hoggett Bowers 

Executive Search and Selection Consultants ' 

. . Bmmcium. cakdbt. glasuv*. isedx u»dgv ham^htstul *n«xsixr. shfftjeu} and urvwe* . 

Young Commercial Lawyer 

NEI pic 

Newcas tle upon Tyne 

Our client to Northern Engineering Industries pic, an • 
international power engineering group with a turnover 
approaching £900 million and a workforce of some 29.000 
people. The Group wishes to appomtlo its Head Office legal 
department a young commercial lawyer, reporting to the Group 
Solicitor, to operate mainly in support of the UK trading 
companies and the Group's expanding international business. 

The role will cover a broad range of legal and commercial matters 
with an emphasis on drafting, negotiating and advising on all 
. - types of commercial agreements and contract claims. Applicants 
probably in their mid 20 s should be Solicitors with 2 years 
relevant post qualification experience in industry, commerce or 
' private practice. They must be prepared to work under pressure 
in a demanding environment and develop rapidly their ability to 
guide, advise and represent senior operational management! 

Salary and benefi ts are excellent and there are distinct prospects 
of significant early career development for an outstanding 
. candidate. . . . 

Male or female candidates should submit in confidence a 
comprehensive civ. dr telephone for a personal history form to 
. G.T. -Walker. Hoggett Bowers pic, 4 Mosley Street. 
NEWCASTLEUPON TYNE, NEl IDE. 0632 327455. . 

(pJOtlngE^f. -J2B25.TA ' " ' 


Beaumont & Son, the major City firm and . . 
leading spetiafsts in aviation insurance. have: 
tiro vacancies in their expanding commercial 

solicitor about4 years qualified, the other a 
solicitor newly qualified or about to qualify. 
Both positions can expert early involvement 
and responsibility in the firm’s international 
business. A highly, competitive Hilary will be 
negotiated. Please apply with CV. to: 

Beaumont & Son, 

1/2 New Street, 
London EC2M 4TN- 
(Telephone 01-623 6271) 



W* w looUng for an aHr 
bww of man than 2 yean 
port auUAcancu experience 
to iota the expanding LI Bgawoa 
Da a iaw at oar Romford 
Office. The envtads win be 
on ctvfl work *t afl tawte. 
Salary 4 beneflta ncggMM* * 
samxful nodatMf -w* Jia*e 

Apply at writing wHb CV to 
Nicholas WtofMd at Lam- 
bourne Hoorn. 7 Weaem 
Road. Romford. Essex. 

Tele: 0708 6MO 


required by 
general legal 




Please phone 
01-808 7535. 
ref AW or SM 


Legal Officer 


Major Oil Company in Kuwait with Multinational work 
force requires a Senior Legal Officer. 

The sue cestui candidate will bs a member of a small 
team headed by the Company's General Counsel. The 
work has a considerable contract orientation, from 
contract drafting to negotiation’ and advice on dispute 
settlement, and also involves the provision of advice to 
senior management on a wide range of subjects. 
Applicants should be Barristers or Solicitors currently 
engaged in the commercial (aw field, preferably in the oil 
industry, having at least five years experience of contract 
work relating to major construction projects. They should 
be able to demonstrate their effectiveness in a demand- 
ing and complex environment and ideally they should be 
under 45. 

The total remuneration package is about £31,000 at 
current exchange rates. Salaries are presently free of 
Kuwaiti tax and are fully transferable. Conditions are 
excellent and include a wide range of side benefits. 
Confidential Reply Service: Please write with full CV 
quoting reference 2029JE on your envelope, listing 
separately any company to whom you do not wish your 
details to be sent. CU's will be forwarded directly to our 
client, who will conduct the interviews Charles Barker 
Recruitment Limited. 30 Farringdon Street. London 




Continuing expansion creates the need for 

To undertake a substantial caseload of varied and interesting residential 
conveyancing for our private and public developer and mortgagee diems. 
Applicants should be suitably qualified (probably admitted for at least one 
year), must demonstrate an outgoing, friendly personality and a willingness 
to work with computerised conveyancing systems. 

For one of the positions, a suitably experienced legal executive will be 


To be responsible for building litigation in this rapidly expanding area of the 
practice/The successful applicant will have up to 2 yean post qualifications 
experience in the building litigation end design field and wifi be expected to 
expand his/her caseload and after an initial period . work hugely 

Competitive toms will be offered based oa age and experience for aH three 

Please send full curriculum vitae in confidence to> 

Ref LG. 

Lewis Sflkia 
83-91 Victoria Street 
London SW1H OHW 

Osborne Clarke 


Osborne Clarke is one of the leading firms of solicitors in the West 
Country specialising in a wide range of company and commercial work. 
Our clients indude public and private companies and trading and 
professional partnerships. Although we are based in Bristol a significant 
proportion of our work is undertaken for clients with national and 
international interests. 

We are looking for able and enthusiastic Solicitors to join our growing 
Company/Commerrial team. 

The rewards, professionally and financially, as well as personally from 
living in the West Country, are attractive. 

Please write with personal and pofessionai details to me. 

Mas Davis 
Osborns Clarke 
‘TnBrWnrr A M atoin 

30 Queen Charlotte Street, Bristol 1 BS99 7QQ. 
Telephone 0272 290641 



Corporate Taxation 

We are looking for solicitors or barristers with at 
least two '■ears post qualification experience to 
join our growing Tax departmenL The work will 
consist of advising our United Kingdom and 
International corporate clients on ail aspects of 
United Kingdom taxation. 

Salaries and benefits will be competitive and 
career prospects are excellent. 

Please write with full curriculum vitae 10 - 
Robert Elliott, 

Wilde Sapte. 

Queensbndge House. 

60 Upper Thames Street, 

London EC4V 3BD 


Require an .Assistant Solicitor with a bias 
towards comcyancing. Newly qualified 
applicants will be considered. A compctctive 
salary wiij be offered and there are early 
partnership prospects for the right applicant 
Please send CV to: 

Goodwin Harte. 

Scottish Provident House. 

76-80 College Rd. 

Harrow. Middx HA I IDF. 

Ref SF or telephone 01-427 8361 

061-834 4215 

We require a young Assistant Solicitor to work 
with two Partners in a non-contentious. convey- 
ancing and commercial departmenL Good 
salary and car to right applicanL Suitable for 
newly qualified Solicitor with good experience in 

Please telephone J C Coyle. 



1) A Solicitor of 3-5 years standing to work in their 
lively commercial and general litigation department 

2) A solicitor newly admitted, or of 1-2 years standing 
to assist an eneregtic senior partner with stimulating 
general commercial work and drafting. 

Market rates. New offices. 

Challenging prospects. 

Ring Richard Sax on 01-242 8404 




Tw vacancies ansa wrfm tfe newfH«mefi Hountioir Percy Sessons 
Area tw Soiolws w Bxnstere of aeap ti o Ml aMty Successful jppu- 
cants may expect ata a short penod of tranng and ctari^g utter 
supervoon ta be esreng c £ 10.000 per annum ran to c £1 1.500 aftu a 
turner 6 months serves u trf men competara to take aC types ot coirs 
omul, trade and jwcmtt) ttrfMut swenstm Dnso aboatfy hwmg 
substantial experience of tiling all courts Mhnd supervision may be 
appomed a> a salary d upto tILOOO. 

The Magoenal Sente ponies sane employment, great vanoty and a 

ctaHengmg environment n wtncti to «at 

Futher defats and apdeanon form by Wephora • 01751 3727. 

tnto rv wws are Uety to be htad on 9th Ifeqr 1S86 

AJJM. Bafctwi 

Cwt to the Commdtee 


Aft looiitw Tor an wnbnious assistant Solicitor wnh rnwieaoe in 
Residential Commercial and Estate convey ana n£ The position 
would suit a recently qualified person whohas a awvry*wang 

Excrdent salary and benefits. 

Hease write la . . _ .. . 

Mr. J. L Seyfried. 

29 Viaorii Avenue. 


Essex SS2 6AR. 

GLOVER & co. 

are looking f« ^ 1°“”® SoMots 
G lover & Co. is an 


We require a solicitor w . uwle 2f 
variety of commercial work 
to the^ Senior Partner. This ■ 

solidtor who wished to s P“ nalj ^. 
commercial and company work with a 
property bias. The work would involve some 
commercial property conveyancing and the 
applicant would be encouraged to develop an 
expertize in commercial and company 
property matters generally. 

We arc also looking for a solicitor (who might 
be newly qualified) to specialise in toe 
property aspects of bank security work. The 
ideal candidate will have commercial 
property experience and some knowledge and 
experience of loan documentation. 

We seek a solicitor who will be able to deal 
with a variety of residential conveyancing 
matters partly on his or her own initiative but 
with whatever help is needed. 


We need another litigation solicitor. We are 
seeking a commercially minded young 
solicitor who will enjoy working as part of a 
young team on a wide variety of litigious 

Please apply in writing to 
or telephone Ray Aoslis au- 


115, Park Street, 

London, W1Y 4DY 
01-629 5121 


A solicitor, preferably with local government 
experience is required to join the Legal and 
Parfementary section following the promotion 
of die current post-holder. The job includes 
monitoring parliamentary activities, briefing 
councillors and MPs. drafting amendments to 
legislation and preparing evidence to Select 
Committees and the like, h also involves 
maintaining a general legal advisory service for 
district councils and liaising with a range of 
government departments and national bodies. 

If you would Rke to discuss the job further 
please caH John Rees (01-828-7931). The 
salary is within a range from £12597 to 
£18225. The starting salary will be negotiable. 
Further information and an application form, 
returnable by 9 May. can be obtained from: Ann 
Rhodes. Association of District Councils. 9 
Buckingham Gate. London SW1E 6LE. (01-828- 


£5,328 - £6,753 

An exceBBM opportunity tar those wstang to train tor ■ 
professional career. AppRcabons are invdea from those who 
have compteted or are shout » take final exemraOons for 
hamsters or soUotors. 

Apply tar twther in to rnwMon and an an pB ca tio n form kx 
C J Itant ey Eaq, BA Safeta*. 

Juabces* Clerk, Court 01 
Keppei Street, Sooth ShaMa. 

Tyne and wear, NE33 1AB 
(T«fc Tyneside (091) 455 3871/455 4718) 



0223 6S3* 

*3- r 

> Yfi ifuk 

t 4 !f -,- 

r* vc r v 
1 * 

? 0 0 
i M 0 

The Law Is Our Business 

If you’re an able, ambitious and enthusiastic lawyer, 
Richards Butler could be just what you’re now 
looking for. 

We are a substantia] City firm of Solicitors who 
match a young outlook with the traditional values 
of our profession. 

There are 41 partners and a total staff of 230 
working in a very friendly, stimulating 
environment where drive and ability are fully 
recognised. The 1st of May will see another 10 
partners promoted; we mean it when we say there 
are genuine partnership prospects. 

Besides generous salaries and other benefits, we 
offer challenging and varied work with excellent 
opportunities to cover areas of law which may be 
of special interest to you. Some of these could be 
in Abu Dhabi and Hong Kong - our overseas 
offices regularly have openings that are ideal for 
the lawyer with broad horizons. 

We are interested in personable solicitors, whether 
newly qualified or with post-qualification 
experience. You may even have your own client 
following. Some of our current vacancies are listed 
below so take a look and you could find ypur ideal 


We need a recently qualified solicitor, or someone 
about to qualify, to carry out a wide variety of 
commercial and non-marine litigation. 


We are looking for someone who has been 
working in the pensions field and has up. to 3 
years’ experience in the drafting of interim and 
definitive deeds and associated documents and 
rules, contracting out procedures and the pensions 
aspects of company acquisitions, disposals, 
mergers and liquidations. 


This very busy department needs assistants with at 
least 12 months’ experience in property work to 
undertake a heavy volume of mainly commercial 
property transactions. Your feet will rarely touch 
the ground. 

Please write with full C.V. to : 


There are a number of vacancies for solicitors or 
barristers who are recently qualified or have up to 
3 years’ experience, to undertake work covering 
all aspects of the shipping industry, but including 
in particular charterparty and bills of lading 
disputes and advice to P&I and Defence Clubs. 
Foreign travel is frequently involved on work 
which is both demanding and exciting. If you have 
particularly strong academic and commercial 
abilities, embark with us now. 

Those interested in our vacancies advertised last 
week in the Company/Commercial, Tax, 
Finance and Overseas departments and who 
haven’t replied yet should be ashamed of 
themselves - but remember, your application is 
still more than welcome. 

Mrs A.E. Gabriel, Richards Butler, 5 Clifton Street, London EC2A4DQ 

Our People are our Strength 





tn the Government Legal Service there are 
now even greater opportunities and commensurate 
rewards for ambitious young lawyers. 

Choose your area of involvement from che 
whole spectrum of the law. You could provide legal 
advice to Ministers, mcerprec and draft primary and 
subordinate legislation and objectively review the 
wider legal problems that an issue may raise. 

You might be concerned with the law as it 
affects the European Economic Community, 
companies, insurance, banking, revenue, shipping, 
aircraft, or many other topics. Whether your 
interests lie in conveyancing, litigation, advocacy, 
prosecutions, the environment, employment, 
agriculture, health, or even intellectual property 
rights, there are posts which would be of interest 
to you. The choice is yours and the range « very 

Most positions are available in London but 
rhere are some elsewhere in England and Wales, 
lo qualify, you must be a solicitor admitted In 
England or a barrister called to the English Bar. 
Suitability for che post will be the determining 
factor for selection. 

Salary | under review) within the range 
£10,76S-£24-290 according to qualifications and 
experience (£1365 less outside London). All posts 
carry promotion prospects. 

for further details and an application form 
(ro be returned by 16 May 1986) write to Civil Service 
Commission, Alencon Link. Basingstoke, Hants 
RG21 1]B. or telephone Baslngscoke (0256) 468551 
(answering service operates outside office hours). 
Please quote reft G(2)576- 
The Civil Service is an equal opportunity 




Exceptional opportunities and financial rewards 

Our client the Kuwait Oil Company (K.S.C.), has an immediate 
vacancy for a Qualified Legal Adviser to work in their legal 
department in Kuwait Candidates with a degree in Law must also 
be fluent in written and spoken Arabic, with at least 6 years 
experience of drafting, reviewing and checking company 
contracts and tenders covering the legal aspects of: personnel, 
industrial, commercial and company law. The position involves 
considerable liaison with government departments and 
preference will be given to candidates with previous Middle East 
Oil industry experience. 

An excellent benefits package includes /l A 
Tax Free Salary. Full Family Status where / jUe 8 
appropriate including accommodation, I 
Generous Leave, Paid Air Fares, Free \/ / 

Medical and Dental Treatments etc. 

Application with full C V including salary history and quoting 
reference 5075 P to John Stevens, TEAM-SEL 
INTERNATIONAL UMfTED, 2 Wilfred Street, Westminster, 
London SW1 E 6PH. a 

c £35,000 plus car 

A British PLC with a high international profile in its particular industry 
requins a solicitor or barrister to act as its corporate legal eoansd and 
company secretary, supported bya small quali fi ed staff- 

The company develops and manufactures specialist high technology 
products, requiring significant involvement in intellectual pro perty and 
product liability. It maintains a dominant worldwide market position 
through its global network of subsidiaries and distributors. Its sustained 
record of .organic growth — current turnover exceeding £ 100m — wiO 
accelerate with increasing emphasis on international licensing, joint 
ventures and acqmsittons. 

In this contest, the legal counsel wifl be actively engaged in corporate 
structural develop m e n ts and a wide range of business affairs. The com- 
pany secretarial responsibly ties will include the provision of a full service 
to the Board, City-related work, insurance and employee share schemes. 

The requirement is a corp orat e lawyer with strong personal qualities and 
the proven capacity to provide a legal service of high quality, up to Board 
level, in an international business environment. Practical knowledge of 
EEC frgidarinn is essential. Company secretarial experience is desirahfc. 
Age — probably 38-45: 

Location — \\fest/Ndrthlltfest tiomeCaunties. 

Please write hi strict confidence with fuB personal and career details, 
quoting ref 348/T. to; — 

Philip Smith 

Manpower Consultants 
85-87 Jetmyn StneeL London SW1 Y 6JD 


We require a solicitor with at least two years post 
qualifications experience for our legal department - 
Candidates should have good knowledge of company and 
commercial law as well as of employment law and 
regulations. Some litigation experience would be desirable. 

Salary and benefits are negotiable and should prove 
attractive to the right applicant 

Please apply in writing, enclosing full personal and career 
details to: 

The Legal Department 

Abel Management Services SJL 

Melrose House 

4/6 SavOJe Row 




£1 8,000 - £20,000 pa 

Our Professional and Public 
Relations Department requires an 
experienced solicitor to manage and 
develop the increasingly important 
activities in the areas of professional 
relations, publications and conferences. 

The main emphasis will be in 
creating closer liaison and support for 
local Law Societies and organised groups 
of solicitors, which include Commerce 
and Industry, Local Government. Young 
Solicitors and the Association of Women 
Solicitors. The formation of further Law 
Society groups is currently under 
discussion. An appreciation of the needs 
of these various interest groups is 
therefore essential, together with the 
ability to communicate, innovate and 
motivate others to respond effectively to 
the constantly changing parameters of a 
solicitor's work. 

Acting as deputy to the head of the 
Department when necessary, the man or 
woman appointed will ideally have had 
some involvement in professional 
politics, be committed to the development 
of the profession, and be competent to 
participate enthusiastically in any of the 
public, parliamentary and press relations 
work of the Society. 

Commencing salary within the 
above range will depend on experience. 
Excellent terms and conditions include 
23 days annual leave increasing with 
service, a contributory pension scheme 
with free Life Assurance, and subsidised 
staff luncheon room. 

Send yourCV highlighting 
experience relevant to this position to 
Miss i. W, Collerson, The Law Society, 
113 Chancery Lane. London WC2A 1PL. 
Closing date 7tb May 1986. 


Turner Kenneth Brown’s Property Department seeks' Solicitors 
with 2-4 years’ commercial conveyancing experience since 

Opportunities also existfor more recently qualified persons, with a 
sound academic record and good Articles, to gain experience in a 
range of commercia] property work. 

The firm’s clients include listed property companies, developers 
and financial institutions. We have strong international 
connections and have recently opened a Hong Kong Office. 

Enthusiasm and adaptability are essential qualities in those seeking 
to join a successful team in a developing firm. 

We occupy modern offices in the City designed to create for us an 
efficient and friendly working environment, making full use of new 

Attractive salaries will be paid to the successful candidates. • 

Please write with full C.V. U>:— 

Carole J. Cocksedge 
Personnel Manager 
Turner Kenneth Brown 
100 Fetter Lane 
London EC4A 1DD 





:c. M 



Secretary Plus 


US owned subskfety 

EffiOMBtion. _ 

GurCompany Saw»*y-appRatfWG 

p resen c e, matunty and managerial 
quaftestojusffiya place wthe tep 
manageroertteam. _ 

InSj^Jy you w>8 be called Assort 

Company Secretary. A! the very least 
w3 become Company Seoeteiy'«ffantwfr 
years. Before then w may have 

Starting.safcgy not les s than £25-000- 

Car.norKasntnbutafy pensoo. 6te 

as surance and faatgymecteai expenses 
cover: afiracfiwereiocaton package. 

Write fttfy, and prontf y. to Pear 
MeUyear: Groop Peratwnel OiredcrJ Wrer 
Pen ULNewhawn. East Sussex BN90AU. 



Harlow and Epping A Ongar 
Potty Sessional Division 


CC/PA 3 - 7 or CC/PA 8 - 12 
£8889 - £10302 
or £10656 - £12072 
phis outfringe of £201 

if you are quafiffod under the Justices 
Cleric's (Qualification of Assistants} Rules 
1979. looking to take without 
supervision aS types aP court together 
with avenstghi of pie and post court 
functions, and where required, take 
responsibility tor one or more aspects of 
office admimstraaon or finance, then you 
might be intenesfflJ « applying tor the 
prist of Court dark based at Harlow, 
proofing essfatawe- to Epping as 

Commencing safety arid grade WtB be 
dependent upon experience., Appficams 
for toe senior post must have at least two 
years post-quaftying experience as e 
Court Clerk. ' •- 

You must tabid* fiifi driving licence arid 
preferably have your owncar (for which a 
mfeage allowance wffi be payable) up to 
£2.000 relocation afipwance ere payable 
in approved cases, j" 

Application form and further details 
from Clerk of the Committee 
(Personnel Section), County Haft 
ChefmsfbnL Tel e p h on e (0245) 
267222 ext 2071; Closing date 6th 
May 1986. . . 

Gabriel Duffy Consultancy 




pur client, a highly regarded practice in Central 
London, is presently recruiting Assistants for its fast 
growing Company /Commercia I Department- The ideal 
applicant will have a good academic background and 
up to three years relevant experience in either a City or 
large provincial practice. 

An opportunity for someone who has perhaps gained 
exfenence wilb one of" the major City firms and now 
seeks a smaller working environment offering greater 
tnvlovmeru and responsibility. Prospects are excellent 
for those candidates with commercial flair and the 
ability to work well under pressure. 

RENT £neg 

Our clients, a wefi established firm in Kent, are seeking 
a lawyer to play a major role in lhc further expansion of 
their busy Company/Commercial Department. 
Caseload consists of commercial agreements, 
aquisitions and disposals, employment problems and 
other mote general company related work. 

The position would sun someone who lives in Kent, 
commutes daily to the City and. having gained valuable 
experience with a London firm, is now looking to make 
a career move nearer to home, 

Clare Wiseman - Legal Division, 

Gabnel Duffy House. 17 St Sw it bins Lane. 
Cannon Street. London EC4N SAL 
Tel; 01.623 4295 

Test Valley Borough Council, Hampshire 


£15375 - £16,914 per annum ■ 

Test VaSay has a peculate* of mat 1 00.000 and 
includes expondwg Anoover. histone Ramsey and 
157.000 very aitracftva rural acres of western 

The Assistant Secretary {Legal) based in Andover is 
responsive to r (he management of tna Legal Section 
wmtun ma A O T iuns tr a ftve and Legal Department and 
assnts the Borough Secretary and SotoW n Ihfl 
provision ot legal advice to the Council and » Officers. 

The person aopwrtwJ w* need » be a sd«or -nth 
several yeare local government espenence.abieeowo* 
wea under pressure and capable d leadmg e team 
consehng ol 2 a9ntMQ and 10 unadmsttad Stall. 

The Council offers a generous retocubon padrega. 
homing accommodation, d available, ana a free we 
assurance stheme. 

For app li c ation form and job 'LJS®, 
description please contact dm vlytvfcgs 
Personnel Department. CouucU 
Offices. Duttons Road, Ramsey. 

Hants. {Telephone Romsey MiraqOH 
515117. Ext 553) Please quote K&i.- 
reference AU. dosing date tor r- j - L Jj 

return of appScaHwi forms SjHil I& 
Friday. 2nd “ay. i sab. YVpUH 

International commerce 
c. £20,000 + car 

tropean headquarters major commercial practice, 
international preferably in the Chy. A hig 

V processing and degree of motivation plus at 

.•■ y 

The European headquarters 
of a major international 
commodity processing and 
trading company is seeking an 
able young commercial lawyer 
to join its west London 
headquarters as deputy to the 
Head of the Legal Department 
The work offers exposure to a 
broad sp e c t r um of commercial 
matters spread throughout 
Europe, with an emphasis on 
contract and company law. 
Candidates should 
have an exceptional 
academic record and aP 

at least two years' H 

experience with a 

degree or motivation plus above- 
average communication skills 
are essential, and a second 
European language would be a 
distinct advantage. Terms and 
conditions of employment are 
excellent, and the post offers an 
attractive o pp o rtu nity to those 
wishing to pnrsne tbezr legal * 
career outside the confines of . 
private practice. 

exceptional Please send full cv 

ic record and ^8 ^8 indicating remuneration, 

two years' in confidence, to 

alification H #^^8 PAB'Wemyss, 

ice with a M A JMw Ref: PF25/9817/TT. 

PA Personnel Services 

Victoria Up to £20,000 

Since Hs formation in T974, BP Coal has acquired 
wide^read coal interests, particnlariy in Australia 
and Southern Africa and is now one of the world's 

fefSS 0001 cpwfwries with -an annual turnover of 

We are now seeking on experienced Lawyer who will 
fjssst in the provision of a predominantly commercial, 
m-house legal service. . . 

Involved m preparation, negotiation and implemen- 

^ “^erialeings. 


abilitylo vrork effectively in a small tecBrn«Tv^ronm&Tt 

tJ~Zi e L' iP 10 C offered ond 

fay a range of benefits, including non- 
cortribufory pension, scheme and relocation 
assistance, where appropriate. . . oeanon 

Please orleteplrow fer „ application fonn. 

quoting ref. A_318, to 

names -Remuneration 

Executive Scorch -Selection 'l 
fr Personnel 

ffyde Park House, 60a Knigfaisbridge, London SW1X7LE. 
Ifel: 01-235 6060 Telex: 27874 

London EC2Y9BU. Tel: 01-9203484. 

BP is gn equal opportunity employer. 

BP Coal Limited 

Mu 3ft] ll 



Professional Indemnity - EC3 

My client is a medium-sized; well established and 
inspected firm. 1 They have a compact team to service the 
burgeoning needs of professional indemnity insurers. We 
how seek a key addition who will bring not only skills 
and experience, but also that elusive art of combining 
clarity and credibility. 

Li return, for a bright young solicitor aged under 30, the 
rewards will. be equal to the challenge. Please apply in 
writing quoting reference 2137, giving us details of your 
skills, career and ambitions to Mrs Indira Brown, 
Corporate Resourcing Group, 6 Westminster Palace 
Gardens, Artillery Row,. London SW1P 1RL. or telephone 
01-222 5555 for an application form. 

Corporate Resourcing Group 

Management Consultants ■ Executive Search 

. Part of Bemdtson International 


nsMtra rewarding 
earner* «s me Coomny 
Ce nra wc U l and Commcr- 
dat Cmnmnclng IMds of 
tow. However. IMM newly 
Qualified to ba tm who 
wish la deveHP a carrer In 
uoganen. Win not Be 
dMappatnUd by me esnstd- 
nMt number of vacancies 
rw w rt wfm in m nu^ 


nonanr ueib 
Sbfl rwtntm to ne^B 
Mot proton wnttwd* 
SAMsrA teas* W2BU 

W.WW1 vm G»W1 




We are a busy- raedutm- 
atzed SoOcttoM* practice and 
require an aUe pers on to 
head our Accounts Depart- 
ment. Previous otperteme 
of Souaton’ Accounts de- 
sirable bat not essential. 
Attractive salary and plea- 
sant work in g contHUans. 

Apply with C. V. toe 





Wrth test, accurate 
typing ska* i» sought 
twfrfend!; Wast End 

Interesting ' wbric, 
mabriy commerciai i 

Legal Assistant 


Up to <£10,000 

£9,000 to start. 

Itag PatefoMM 


swn nurmnts s/m m a n- 

sponsible - ■ ppllto ftr 
• cwtoam between 2s^55 cans 
Me of ddraatlng (tubes wim 
good WP ana ornw* legal **p. 
Can Clorta McKay. New Stmt 
Legal - Agency 01-283 7453 
t S51 ao« eves and wkemM. . 

As one of tiie largest cod companies m the world, BP Coal is involved 
wrth all the legal implications of international exploration, production, 
. acquisition and marketing — - : 

We're now seeking a talented -individual with good shorthand and 
typing/WP skills to join our Commercial Division at our modem offices 
adjacent to Victoria Station. 

Working in a small team, you will be- responsible for a contract 
preparation, administration and secretarial support service. 

Preferably educated to- 'A' level Standard, .you should have a keen 
interest and basic knowledge of. law combined with an ability to work 
-well under pressure and on your own initiative. Encouragement will be 
given to dayeiop your legal skids. 

A. salary of up to £10,000 wS'be supported by a range of benefits 
including subsidised restaurant and non-contributory pension scheme. 

Please' write or telephone for an application form, quoting ref. /L319, to 
Susan Skolar, Recruitment Branch, The BritishPetroleum Company pin, 
Britannic House, Moor lane, London EC2Y 9BU. Tel: 01-920 3484. 

BPisan equal opportunity employee 

BP Coal Limited 



(TRAINEE GRADE within the range £3384 - £6753) 
Applications are invited for the above post 
wbicb provides an opportunity for someone 
wishing to pursue a professional career in the 
Magisterial Service. 

Salary will be determined in accordance whh 
experience and qualifications but will not be less 
than £5739 for a graduate applicant J.N.C. 
Conditions of service will apply. In service 
training would be given in an types of Court 
Applications in writing giving age. education, 
qualifications and experience together with the 
names and addresses of two referees should 
reach the undersigned not later than 2nd May 
1986, marked “private and confidential''. 
.Robert L. STENT 
Oerfc to the Justices 
The Court House, 

Boltro Rood, 

Haywards Heath, 

Vest Sussex. 

RH16 LBZ. 

Speedily Bircham 

ATTRACTIVE high tech offices 

. ... - . WANT . . - . 





- . PLUS LUNCHES : • ~ - ' - r 

fllr434J445 ' : 




Established and expanding G partner Firm require 
Sobcttors for liOgaUan Department One wtth about - 
3 yean experience. or dvoycxMiunerdd UHgafitm: 
one wtth about 2 years experience of matrimonial 
wotfe and am new&r Quaiffletk J . -. 

Telephone Mr. Bowler 0045 264677. 

Wfe have a demand for Legal Secretaries to writ for 
ora prestigxxs clients throughout Central London. 
Exceflunt rates pins holiday and Bank Holiday pay. 

1. Legal WP Secs Shorthand aid Audo. up to 
. ffiJO-pJi. 

2. legal Aiidw/Shortond. Secs, up Jo E6J30 pJb_ 

For more i nfatmaSon about these aid other 
interesting nations, please cab Carmel on 
oi-24? ms. - 

'Versorme C A 

Appointments Wr 

. 95 AMwych, London WC284JF. Tel 01 -242 0785 
.42*Tus.gne. sense). 


for wwu a ns MUhul km town 
firm, computer Man £13.000 
WMW - CMWUB& 0036 

tcrposslMv mUmrtUKl for 

, North DeruMiKu ntary to 
£10000 ,-wesiex . Consul mm 

0938-26183 • - 

. Midlands OrCT for country town 
once, good mnWH £14.000 
Wessex CMMiam 0936 

potential pumn south 

coast. 33-40. Quality Ora. 
mainly non-contenttoai. 

. £16-000 Accord pBWtol 
0908 816606 

for dvn ana crtmbul wort 
' Croydon £10.000 wewex Con 
Sudanis 0830 28183. 

soUdlor. Admin ea 65/86. To 
£94300 Accord PeRKXnel 0938 




Our Commercial Property Department is 
looking for an additional Assistant 
Solicitor. You will have two to three years' 
postqualification experience in most 
aspects of commercial property including 
development and investment work. 

You should have demonstrable ability 
and be keen to deal with all aspects of 
commercial property within a well- 
established team. 

Salary and benefits will be attractive and 
will fully reflect the responsibility of the 

Please apply to Kenneth Calcutt, 

Speechly Bircham, Bouverie House, 

154 Fleet Street, London EC4A 2HX. 

no- practice - long estaMMwd - caUbr* with resMcntm dMMop- 
imnMduM vacancy for ante » imml and manning moral 
iterant solicitor ■ partnership rxorrimer for CHV of London 
ORMPMA. Telephone; 023.73- soUdlon Wcmw Onnudl a iu* 
731Z2- 0935 28183. 

Australian institute of Judicial 
Administration/Universfty of Melbourne 

Executive Director/ 
Professorial Associate 
with the Title of Professor 

$A57,036 p^L 

Applications are inwec for Trie newly created position 
ol full time Executive Director of lire Australian 
institute oUuOical Administration incorporated. Trie 
successful applicant will be responsible lor the 
administration of tne AIJA. contributing to and 
facilitating research into judicial administration; 
ptomoimg improvements in and teaching the 
principles anc practices ol good judicial 
administration, organising and conducting courses 
to develop ane increase the professional skills of 
judges, magistrates, court administrators and others. 

The appointment will be mBde tor an agreed period 
d up to live years and may oe renewed by agreement 
The appointee wilt be selected jointly by the AUA and 
the University of Melbourne, employed by and 
responsible to me aija and a member ol the Faculty 
of Law. 

Further information and details of application 
procedure are available on request. All 
correspondence (marked "Confidential 1 1 should be 
addressed lo tr.e Registrar. The University of 
Melbourne. Park vi lie. Victoria, 3052. Australia. 
Telephone mqui nes should be directed to Mr. Russell 
Huntington 7117) 

Applications close 30 June. 1986 

The AIJA a nd t he Un i versify reserve the nght to fill the 
position by invitation. 



An international Bank with branches in London is 
lookin for a young solicitor for their position of assis- 
tant legal advisor. Applications are invited from 
qualified solicitors with up to 3 years post-admission 
banking experience wishing to persue a challenging ca- 
reer in the banking and financial field. He or she should 
have a high degree of motrvahon. above average com- 
munication skills and be able to work under pressure. 
The position will involve assisting the legal advisor in 
providing the hank with full in-house legal function 
including reviewing, advising on and preparation of 
contracts, loan agreements, fiicility letters, guarantees 
and other related documents, research, assistance on 
banking, corporate and international financial law and 

An attractive salary with usual banking benefits will be 
offered to a successful candidate. Please apply in confi- 
dence with a full CV to Box B24 The Times, PO Box 
484. Viqpnia Street. London. El 9DD. 



required Countrywide 
for Solicitors with 
Staff emergencies 

01-248 1139 

Short and long term 
assignments for 
Litigation & 

Afl fees neg. 


locum 5om*ag tor WHU 
E/7 UKQ4B Su. Lndp4t H« MS 


urgently roqujra onttuntestic 
young solicitor (probably 
recently quafiftod) lor a 
varied caseload. invoMng 
Criminal and CM Litigation. 
Domestic Conveyancing and 
Probate. Ring 01-648 0363. 
Rah JRM. 


Cheshire. William Hood 4 Co. 
require a motor to mum re- 
■poreuMiny tor contentious and 
reUM work. Excellent pros, 
peas for a person wm initiative 
seeking a progress i ve and chal- 
lenging opportunity PleatJ 
apply in wrung and m itnct 

Confidence to wmtain Ho*xl 
Cheshire Chamber*, castle 
Street. MacdesUeto. Cheenuw 

MENTS The prorest4onai legal 
apeocy for eKpertcnced perma- 
nent and temporary staff at all 
levels- High salaries, an areas 
Telephone oi-bba S33S 

SOLICITOR required (or convey- 
ancing work with small Cny- 
based speaatat property 
company would particularly 
cut! lady wuning to return ro 
the profession after raomg her 
(amity. Reply to BOX F38 


- personnel Consultants 
Specialist in Recruitment 
for the Leqal Profession 


Ad old esubtished Rntt of Sotidtws with ofB» to ' 
Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire are looking for a H 
Solicitor of at least 3 yean Pod Admittance experience S 
of Tax Planning, Trust and Probate matters, to deal « 
whh and develop these areas of work among a M 

substantia! dientek- M 

Hc/she will rake responsibility for the Department g 
and will take die initiative i n exp anding the rums n 
Practice in Tax Planning for CTT/lnhentance Total IB 
well as bang responsible for the Trust and Probate j| 
work. H 

There are early prospects CT Pannership and an g 
excellent opportunity to bvilii a career w a pleasant and W 
accessible pan of the Country. [I 


Mkfaad Fa rrar if 


26-29 Sl Cress Stre et II 

Hatton Garden, EC IN 8HH g 

Near Cbaoorf Ime and Farrinff kus Uadergrosod n 
Telephone: 01-242 1140 (24 boar Aaxwtrmz Service) H 


A sofecftor, preferably with local government 
experience, is required to join the Lagsl and 
Parliamentary section foBovymg the promotion of the 
current post-holder. The job tnefudas monnoring 
partiameinary activities, briefing coundAors and 
MPs. drafting amendments to -legislation and. 
preparing evidence to Select Committees and the 
&ke. it also involves maintaining a general legal 
advisory service for district councils arri liaising wrth 
a range of government departments and national' 

K you would Eke to discuss the job further please call 
John Rees (01-828-7931) The salary is within a- 
range from £12.597 to C18J225. The starting salary 
wS be negotiable. 

Further information and an application 
form, returnable by 9 May. can be 
obtained from: Arm Rhodes, Association of 
District Councils. 9 Buckingham Gate, 
London. SW1E 6LE. (01-828 7931). 



An old established Firm 
have a vacancy tor a 
recently admitted Sofidtor to 
assist pnndpafiy with the 
kboabon branch of the 
practice inducing advocacy 
in the Magistrates and 
County Courts. Salary 
negotiable. Apply with lull 
C.V. to Landons. Landon 
House. 9 Stanfield Road. 
Brentwood. Essex. CM 15 


Commercial Partner in 6 
partner West End law 
practice seeks an 
experienced knai secretary 
mth a sense of humour and 
an ablhy to cope under 
press* a. Salary including 
bonus c£9.000pa. Please ' 
nng KeKi Or on Q1-83S ' 

uorouo LfnCATION rxrcumr 
mainly civil £10000 wmn, 
ConsulUnB 0938 28183. j 
■D M W N SM UI Legal executive. 
Under 38 All unite Accord 
Personnel 0936 PI 3506 
EAST SUSSEX UngatKm execu- 
tive 4U nebte £9.500 WHB 
ConsuiUnU 0936 26183. 
UTWMTMN/pEBT codrcung lor 
Bum town firm £10.000 Wes- 
sex consultants 0936 25183. 
■IXDWAT legel owecuthen Matrl- 
momal and crone. £ 10 . 000 . 
Accord Personnel 0936 B1SS06 
PORTSMOUTH Legal executive 
Matrimonial and cH II £12.500 
Accord Personnel 093SB1BS06 
lion executive £11.000. 
Accord Personnel 0935 816606 
THAMES VALLEY Able convey- 
ancer. £11.500 Accord 
Personnel 0936 816606 

1 A HI TOL Legal executive. Civil 
and matrimonial HUgallon. 
£10.000. Accent Personne. 
0936 815806 



Prosecuting Solicitor’s Department 



Salary - £11,280 to £12.368 

Applications are invited' from soUchore forthr 
above post which is based in Chippenham. 

Applicants must have an aptitude, for advocacy - 
those with prosecuting experience will be preferred, 
but newly qualified solicitors win also be 

It is expected dial all lawyers win transfer to the 
Crown Prosecution Service on the 1 st October 1986. 

The post carries an essential car user allowance and 
relocation expenses will be paid where appropri a te. 

Further details and application form from The 
Personnel Officer to the Police Authority, County 
HalL Byihesea Road. Trowbridge. Wiltshire: Tet 
Trowbridge 5641 Ext 2049 quoting rtf. 86.174. 
Returnable by 9th May. 

don 2 3 yrar* ut *olicuo«- 
onw £ 6.000 waucx Consul- 
tank 0938 25183. 

‘NEWLY QUAUm Corawny 
and Comnmrol SoMrtlors lor 
OiyPrncacfvc £ 12 . 600 . Mer 
Mllh Scott Ol 683 0088 
SOUTH LONDON practice need 
Non-coNonucun BoHcttor To 
£18000 * rany otam Mcr- 
«mn Scott 01-583 0058 . 
THANKS VALLEY Prartirc need 
Non-contnMWDS Solldlor. TO 
£17.000 ♦ p'tnip proNwcib. 
MtrMUl SCOU 01583 0055. 
lor. inn* Proctm. lo 3 years 
dammed c. £17.000. MermUUi 
Scon 01-683 0066. 

Prof I to 6 years experience In 
or out at London. To £30.000. 
Meredith Srou 01-883 0066 
Bucks loom (Inn to £14000 
Wewex Consultant* 0936 

CONVEYANCER under 40 for E&- 
vrx lawn <inu some onunntui 
Cl 1.000 Wessex Consultants 
0935 25183. 

EAST DEVON Voting wllcitor. 
Admitted 85 86. General prac- 
ure To £10.000 Accord 
Pers on net 0935 815806 
THEE LIST of country vacancies 
at jaunes from £7.000 la 
£28000 diamtiera 4c Partners 
01-606 9371. 

The Strong Ann of the Law 

If you’re an ambitious and enthusiastic lawyer with 
plenty of mental muscle, take a look at Richards 
Butler for your next career move. 

We are a substantial City firm of Solicitors who 
match a young outlook, with the highest standards of 

comprehensive service* - ■ 

There are 41 partners and a total staff \of230, 
working in a very friendly, sti mula ti n g: 

recognised.ThelstofM^wiUsee another JO 
partners promoted; we mean it when we say there are 
genuine partnership prospects. 

Besides generous salaries and other benefits; we offer 
challenging and yaried work^ with excellent 
opportunities toeover areas of law which may be of 
specie interest tp you. 

We are interested ini»rs»i^lesolicitors, wh^r 

newly qualified or with ppst-quMifieatioh 
experience. You may even have your own client 
following. Below are just some of our vacancies - if 
you don’t see anything that interests you this week, 
keep an eye out for our ad in next Tuesday’s Times. 


Make no mistake, we’re grateful for our ever-growing 
workload but more willing hands and quick brains 
are heeded. We are looking for lawyers up to 4 years 
qualified, including recently qualified, who would 
like a wide variety of quality corporate finance and 
commercial work (and who have the resilience not to 
be buried underneath it all). 


We have, vacancies for two lawyers qualified up to 3 
years to assist in financing transactions, usually 
involving ships and aircraft in this energetic and 
growing department. 


Two people are required, preferably in their mid- 
twenties, one who wishes to specialise in mainly 
business orientated tax, and one with a bias towards 
personal tax. Some experience would be desirable 
and the positions are open to lawyers, accountants 
and others with the necessary background training 
and academic ability. 

Please write with full C.V. to: 


Hong Kong is an exciting place to work and our 
vibrant and enthusiastic office is expanding first. 
There are vacancies for corporate, finance and 
shipping lawyers with up to 3 years’ experience in the 
relevant field. 

Abu Dhabi is an important commercial centre in the 
UAE. Our office needs an able and adaptable 
assistant, who has at least 2 years post-qualification 
experience, to undertake commercial and banking 
work. The successful applicant will spend about 2 
years in Abu Dhabi, enjoying a most attractive 
financial package. 

Incidentally, we do employment, entertainment, 
matrimonial , pension and probate work too. If you 
are really good in any of these fields, you may like to 

Next week: Litigation, Pensions, Property and 

Mrs A.E. Gabriel, Richards Butler, 5 Clifton Street, London EC2A 4DQ 

Our People are our Strength 

- lan. 

. r 


- ***-■“» •*" * 


B 8“ Q EJ3’< 






WoviM Ul« To Hmr Fran Au- 
B you taw- wnnca a 
pooh Ttiu omanes nuNcdmn 
Wrrtr k» DetoTMU 0 THE 
stmt. Lewes. Sown BNTSLU 
w»«v ai DanW 

• Strat-Pechhant London, end 
waiioa Road, sedeuo. kmw. 
Plea* conucl Mr Rag* Rob- 
kn*. PO Box ia Dtchenon. 
MD U S.A. 20843. 


MRWIf at work 
Bontum unNue A «m lull 
now conrw starts 38th April. 
h55 tl,r ** M ***** •*. WtatoS 

UK arm* Slid craftsmen Trl 
PPrtfltal 01 384 06o7. 

Exdwnc m- 
. nwuoMns for the unattached 
MMtadox Street. London wi. 
TeWnh Ota 493-W37 
WKMDMUn. Love or Hamw 
All Hn. aims Dateline. Dept 

• '-2I 6 ?. 23 **"«*•" Rota. Lon- 

• **” W8. Tel. 01-038 um 

■fw «*r Fumras nm»- 

Hejn Fisher Introduction*. 
. . S.A E 14 Beauchamp m. SWl 
- 01-367 coea High were* rate. 
Meo 4045 m demand. 
• CVs profeas to naMy and ef ft 
Penn y dettoned « 440 7689 
COMPANY Golf Days, otoamw d 
■ for staff or custodier* Any to- 
CS tton TO 0734 873723 
! • * * U * S E €¥•% profe^lonaUv 
WWen Jam Broduted 
ggn tmtHa HWe document. 
Details. 01 880 2969 


US lawyer 17 BuMrode SI Lon- 
don Wj ot 488 0813 


don. FA Cuo Fmal A other 
events 01 233 4860 

wanted including deoenlurts 
Beit prices uld 01 323 0837 

WICTLEPmi besets warned, tat 
Ion or deb*. Too wires MW 
Ohtatnablm Ol 839 1888. 

WIMII EBON mtm reoutred 
01 938 >776 

HtmunaN, all ticket* wanlta. 
not for resale. Td Ol 930 463d 


4m vwfB Hasan backed E4 35 
|*f Ml yd 4. VAT. WMe stocks 

MTMnm Raid. 
Parana* Grata. SWB. 

Td: 01-736 7551 

Fra essmates-Ewm fitaij 


Video £319 Luxor Bhr SAar* 
14m col £149 91. Lower 
Soane Street SWl 01-730- 




21'jrlliin Hun— Teiraii . 

tDi pi TT H/4I- 1 ■ 



Glas.104531 810902 
12 ft wide Wilton caroe* re- 
duced from £22 per so yd to 
niOwM cnaneery carpers. 
97.99 OerkenweU Rd. London 
EC1 Ol 408 0*53 
M1HDAY DUE T Cn-e someone 
an original Time* Newspaper 
dated me very day they were 
bom 01-486 6305 OT 0492- 

We h»e tickets for Uiese and all 
theatre and sports. Tet 631 
3719. Uf 1718. AH major 
tredfl rants. 

Hues avail Hand bound ready 
lor pre-wmauon abo 

-Sundays" £12 SO Remember 
wnen oi-aea os!J 
TICKETS for any event. Cats. 
Start*** Exp. Che*> Lev Mh 
Ad theatre and wort*. Kl 
6616/898 0495 


0U> TOM FLA8ST0HES. rab- 
ble *e»ts Hr. Nancmwtde 
deflveries Tel - i038O> 860059 

on Thursday Z4m April Many 
. 18th * 19th century Brnnh 
Portraits bung olfered ai auc 
non For furf her details rtmOI- 
884 9161 Bonhams 

Auctioneers. Montpelier Si. 
• London SW7 

Figunnes animals, etc wain 
td Ol 683 0024 



Together we cm beat it. 

lie fund over one (hurl of 
all feswfch intr. ihe preven- 
tion and cure of cancer in 
ih* UK 

Helpnsb) wndingadani- 
non or nul.e a JeguT 


London's ta«w 
new and restored pwirfw for ine 
largest genuine selection avsiL 
able joa HMhgate Rd. NWS. 
Ol 267 7671 Free raxaxw. 
COTTAGE KANO U975* **: « 
laves, very good tone and 
action £600 «*o CpnbrMqe 
0225843065 after 6 pm 
«mi Piano World. secondhand, 
new. reroodmoned UnbeaUMe 
puce* 01 485 1566 



As srm on BBC3 Food & 
Drink Programme. 

AI last a real quality decaf- 
feinafetS led avails*** dy 
mail order 

whip far details to 
St Jbmm'i T«pa Ltd, 
Dtp* T, 

Sir John Lyoa Haw, 
Upper Thamti SC 
London EC4V SPA 

01-241 4117 

■weekday* Only! 


Wedding Morning 5nto. 


SABLE Model Coal BCJUttfofly 

styled Valued £26.000 Accept 
£8.500 Tel Home 046 563 
2694 Tel Bus 021 23b 9647 
£200 O when new Accept 
£1.000 OOO 01876 9328 9-4 


modem rial for one person 
Ho m e k eeper trie* Hi premise*. 
Ideally located for Uamport. 
shops and park AH tnclustvc. 
£>40 Her week. 957 6600 
centra) London from £326 pw 
Ring Town Hse Apts 373 3433 

Kensington Col TV 2->nr »wbd. 
fix. CoHIngham Apw 3736506 
ST JAMES SWl. Lunirv 2 bed 
fully lornhhed serviced apt nr 
park 01 373 6306 iTI 


MON stare mod Victanan hse. 
Own sing rm. £46 p w. lw 
dbie rm £70 p.w Pro! only. 
TH.OI 228-5031 

BLACKHEATH SES. prof, female 
i to share comf . lew O R- 
GCH. tan C 1 90 pem excl 
Ptrane 856 ZSOO eves. 
FLATMATES Selective Sharing. 
WeU e*iab muoduclnry service 
Pfw lei f nr apM. Ol 689 5491. 
313 Brumplon Road. SW3 
SlflZ. Female 20* to share 
charming 3 bed house wnn 
owner O-R £35nwe»cl Id 
673 6753 Alter 6pm 
nmu MW, Mia. Large 
room In spacious luxury flat lor 
prof, mid 2CTs. £60 P. W phone 
01 263 6607 after 7.30 pm. 
FWD-A-FLAT .Sharing Rentall 
homeowners no fee. 36 Kings 
Rd. SW3 01-384 8012 
mJNCTON loe room In Victorian 
lam hse £30 uer week Tel: Ol 
359 6554. am and aft 6 
RICH MO ND. ( share fit 2 ndns 
-an. o r. Liao pcm. «tcl. day 
TeL 457 0434. eve 940 7688 
ST. JOtNTS WOOD. Own room m 
furnished manonefle. ch efec 
inci. 328 0157 ara - after 6 JO 
IK Lux Pled a-Terre. SmaU 
room. £196 pcm- Prof M. Rais. 
N S. Tel: 262 3805. 402-1704. 
Wl dbfe rm with shower in lux 
hse. Quiet square Nr tube. 
£426 pcm Inc. TeW8T-l699 
W. KEMMNCTOM Prof M /F tor 
super O/R in Bar. nr lube. £46 
pw OKI TeL 01*381-5398 
’ Ml toe rm lux mats, sum prof M. 
£B6 pw me. Loup IH. Nr 
Tube. Refs ot 935 6224 am. 



More low-cost nights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other agency 

- Fast, expert, high-tech 
service - Free worldwide 
hotel A car hire pass 
• uptsfiMAeoonti 
Open 9-6 Mon-Sat 

Immunisation, Insurance; 
Foreign Exchange, 
Map ft Book Shop 

ht'Uunii»i1rsm( £#* 

42-48 Earls Court Read 
London W8SEJ 
Long-Haul 01<603 ISIS 
Eoippe/usa (Man seno 
1*1/ Busters « Of -$3& 3444 

turn im stolmm 



* PfffTH 

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* unffiA 

■rff U0RES8T * 

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• Dec-:-" Mo- 

• Si-eJi-ed corrie: 

ro* ii >o c* Hc^lhf-jw 

• v.t-.i por iS'f' *w.' 

DiS'AlP :;0 Jerr-ye '.t. S .V '■ 

839 71 -Id 

a. Iiito e SL UNU Wl 
01-439 2100/43 7 0537 




01-688 2255 

(Cit'd 1970) 


Una* return 
Jo'MUq/Her £300 £465 

Nairobi £220 £32S 

Cairo £130 £200 

Lag* £236 £336 

M Bom £230 £340 

BamAok £196 £330 

Ctouala £420 

Afro Asian Travel Ltd 

162. 168 Repent St W 1 
TOj 01-427 825V6/7IS 



AitKiB. Maijga . Gntn 
Faro. Ctgfe, Mahon 
Parry. Mode. Moucco 

TM 01 *95 3883/1/5 


ATQL 1922 


Large 2 bedroom Maisonette in 
good condition with own 
entrance, situated m quiet 
residential street, dose excellent 
transport frctlities. _ Spacious 
reason room, sep. kit. Gas CH. 
Available immediately for long 
Company let- £l$0 per week. 

Pimlico Office: 
01-834. 9998 

. • Wide range of quality furnished 
and unfurnished property 
• Full Management Service 


■ • Lagai/Tase Advice 
■ Personalised Service through 
7 compuler linked offices 

Newly furnished and 

decorated Maisonette to Id is j 
modern Architectural I 

development with two 1 

bedrooms, 1 reception rm. 
Balcony. Kitchen and 

bathroom. £350 per week. 

■ Hyde Park Office: 

01-262 5060 j 


Ten dubs press on * 
with plans for 
breakaway league 

to Europe. USA A most destliw- 
inm Dlptomal Tr«v«r 01-730 

CALL KLOT FUNDS tor 4 tare 
deal worm wife Tel Ol 631 
0167. Agtv A to! 1895. 

Buckingham Travel. ABTA. 
01-836 8622 

Beta Travel. Tel Ol 385 urn 

Ha* marvel Ol 930 1366. 

SWrrzKRLAND Scheduled (light* 
Ol 724 2388 ABTA ATOL 




Brand new luxunouMv 
lunusited ftai*. Short Long 
let* Iran £800 pw Sendees* 
oortera* included. • 

01-244 7363. 


A intccux- deskmro a bedroom 
fin with dining room. HWft9 
room, fully filled kitchen, bath- 
room. H« wr. L27SOW CO W. 
PTUItP Andrew*. 486 5991. 

(tout CUy We*! end. Fully 
fiicri luxury double bedroom 
rial o' look* garden* 
KiS.CU balcony, parking. 
£135 P». T*J. Ol 736 7043. 

de-IMblful funUvbnf flat 'Wen- 
loo 2. I bed. I trept. lib. 
garden. £150 pw co M only- 
HuuU-r* 837 T36S 

F.WAAFP iMauoivnl Service*! 
Lid region- properhe* In central 
south and we*f London areas 
lor wafting appHcaots-Ol -221 

HENRY S JAMES Contort US now 

or. O’ 25b Aftal tar the best *r- 
IrriKin nf lumnhed lUU and 
l*iw m rem m Kmgrmbndpe. 
Keranglon did Chrtsra 

art Prtvahr home close to 
Hampstead village, transport 
and Heath seek* tennant The 

(nattonehe « dtoaled W wteg <K 

period home with d bie rap t. 2 
bedim*- bath. to>. wasMng mi 
mine deeptreew.CH Use and 
superb views over Un^gardcn_ 
£500 pw. DC LA RUE Ol 493 
2224 2938 

Ur» ftaa/house*. £200 - CIOOO 
pw. Usual fee* reg FhJlllhs 

Kay* lewd*. South of the punt. 

Otebea office- Ot 362 8111 or 
North « the Park. Regent * 
Park other. Ol 722 5136 
Lid&'ofce Grove tut*« a. 

Oulrt- tunny A wm lurwmta 
rut 2 benrms. Vlt Ddln luunge. 
W. entry Phone. CH. £136 pw. 
TH Ol 960 6435 
PARSONS SKEEN interior de- 
signed 6 bed family how close 
tube To let unfum wm car- 
pels. currant* and aft machine*. 
Co let- £475 bw Buchanan* 
351 7767 


currently leekinp good quality 
rental accetnirodaiian in 
central London tor walling 
company tenant* Ol -937 9681 . 
soacrou* lounge, out area. 
CH.CHW. Weil equip ml 
£ 23Qpw Sun Embassy Phone: 
Gavin Cowper OL 351 6732. 



ST TROPCZ luxury grd ftr flat 
Ctote tea and town centre 
Swim oooi and g a rden * Sti* 6 
Avail Hd> A August £396 P w. 
Tet- 01 947-1600 

The Lcttinjj' Agent 









£27S pw< normal lyLAOO 1 ” i ut 
credible value. High calibre l 
bed vervired flat I s let*. 
Aytefliord* 01 361 2383 iTI 

SWl Beautifully furohDed 1 bed 

Oat m portmd block. Rec»o 
with 3 x dWe Mfa bed* Ltnrty 
nurse dinuiq table. KU. bath. 
£225pw Coates 828 8251. * 

flat 2 bed. Recap. K4& Gdn ♦ 
vast comm tan. Co let pref 6 
ndh-lyr £150 pw Tat: Ol- 
370-6311. No Agent*. 

AMERICAN Bank urgently ro- 
gulre* luxury flats and IMUNB 
from £200 - £1-000 pw Ring 
Burgees Estate Agent* 6B1 6136 

AVAILABLE NOW Nr a month* 
Cow loBy cginped l bed garden 
fUl off Ken Church St £160 
p w Reft roq 01-937 5318. 

BOW A BUTHCtWFV lor luxury 
properties in St Johns wota. Re 
ents Park. Mama V *»-S“» 
Cotti Hamppead Ol 5B6 7561 

DO CK LA NDS . House* ana flat* 
throughout me dockland* area 
to let Dockland* Property Ceo- 
Ire. OI-W8 4862- 

house* in mot! London anas 
call Property Services Ol 996 
at re 

NWS Charming nvwty turn 1 bed 
rial in mod block. Rears. KAB. 
Iona snort let* Allen Bate* A 
CO 499 1665 

1 bed (tot with large balcony 
overlooking marina £200 pw. 
240 7988 It). 

*37 MSI The number to remem- 
ber when seeking best rental 
properties In central andprhne 
London area* £l&0/£2j000pw. 

UMVOSflTSTlML 710 floor 
studio (Ut in P.P-b. Clove to 
rube Immac tend. Co ML £130 
pw; 244 7353. 

WM. J bed flat won w.marti os 
brand new converson. 3 -MM 
lube Choice of 4. £120 pw. Op 
let only. 01 957 9683. 


Italian- Portuguese. The Best 
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the country where Ills mown. 
Course* tor a8 needs -Students- 
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Ltd. lO 12 Jtotws SL London 
WIN SHS Td Ol 400 0481 

Zurkh. Munich, etc retort 
transfer from £69. Ski -JeL 
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- For the best 
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Contact Rosantoty HcBrite 

COVERT CAEMfM Lux apt <n 
OeUghOui Piazza. - receptty 
cojthx a Btds. 2 Bathe. Loot 
•dm. viper )di altmtafe- Brat* 
fitted A torn 1S3S , . 

nm cottme. chaiteM 

rat attract toad too. 2 «ta bed 
rm*. toraty recen. bat o'Jocfc 
pun * + B. tort OL £»« 
IBM MATE. Superb vtew* 3 
bedim*, bnghl recen-kM. wash 
mach Batft'WC rood DBu 
dose Ttfbo £130. .-_ 

01*499 5334 . 






Lotting' 6 Management 

361 7767 

- ■ HWWttLL GOB art 


Sturifmfl hse e«ti tat raitai 
SoU teei iresp.flooota.3 Mft 
iiOi mp WC. t ofe 1 yt +. 
£325 o*. 

.MaicRdie * Ca 
01-225 0433 

Gtamung rutty equlppM flat 
Recep OM bed £150 pw. Tel: 
Ol 362 8895/ 730 1068 

Leading dubs have lost pa- 
tience with the 

Ball Association (HBBA) ana 
will go ahead with plans to 
launcha breakaway division for 
next season. Ten clubs nave 
committed themselves to tee 
venture, despite pressure nom 
the EBBA. who have said they 
would stand.firm against such a 

Last week Keith Mitchell, 
president of the- EBBA. sent a 
letter to all clubs stating that the 
association would not accede to 
recent proposals received &©m 
some of the clubs in the nrst 
division of the men’s National 
i These proposals in- 

cluded pawing control for the 
National League from . the 
assodatioo to the dubs fiu* oest 
season. . . 

But the new organization, to 
be called the Basketball League, 
said- in a statement yesterday: 
“The members, having no« 
received and carefully conskfj 
ered the statement made by the 
president of the EBBA. fblkwL 

fee! that as yrt. no reasoi? 

been given why the .league 
cannot commence operation 
this year and therefore are 

proceeding with plans to go- 
ahead with the launch of the 
Basketball League, co mmentin g 
season 1986-87." 

The 10 clubs concerned are: 

Team Pbtycdl Kingston (the, 
National Cup holders): Sharp 
Manchester United (fits* d> 
vision winners): Portsmoutn; 
Hemel/Wafford Royals: M^nay 
International Metals, f™n- 

QRS Sunderland, and Happy 
Eater Bracknell ' 

The new league are wadtii® to 
confinnanton from_ Man- ■ 
Chester Giants about their join-,- 
ing them anti the twelfth pta« 
wul be seated from three 
four dnlfs. The .breakaway 
group have established offices m 
central London. The statement 
added: 'it is the declared objec- 
tive ofiie Basketball League 1 6 
eticoi^e the devekwroent ot 
the sprat in the Britisb lsl* by 

taking total responsibility fty 
national competitive .club 
ifocft-fh-tii for women aadjuzuar 
/men as well as senior mem. 
i -To this end . we wUI be 

requesting applications tOTjr 
membership of the second di-- 
vision (senior men), women s 

vision in the immediate future. 

-It is still the expressed wish 
of the members of the Basket- 
ball League that the plans and 
constitution of the league should 
be formulated with the support 
and agreement of all tire basket- 
ball associations nf -Great 

MkMU ARCH. Nfwfy arc 2 Com 
O nly £186 pw 935 9512 >T1. 

NR TUBE I btami. £60 pwlhct 
TV. phonr. »/c. panung. athor* 
tog. 6 87 26 10 HOfttaocttorv 

MM-TUtK. to charming 
Wi4 ftowty fm A arc. Ora 
tUbcOo leL£140 PWS244 7353. 

K H NUC OLUX 2 bed flat ove rtook- 
tag gtram nuat. C oin £ 300 
pw Buchanan* 351 7767. 

room rat with balcony £196 
pw. GO Ut. 727-178 8. 

ST JAMES’ tux mod font atudto 
-flat, k A 6. HR. Altai lata. 
£120 pw all tad. 437 7619 

sumt tranr knur it* 
hodoe Mrws. s <c. ch atuato 
flat £116 pw tnd. 584-2728. 

1W Brdett. bandy tote, tnrin BID* 

met £36- pw. Many othrts 6Z7 

2610 Ho ra ttoctaor * mi 9. 

Wl HARDEN RAT. runt «- ftnra 
2 dtor bednro. Kll etc. £260 
pw. Tsl; «03428Z| 4307. 

W2 Pretty toodrrn 1 bed Mrws 
Itorar. wan raraoe. Go lei £ieo 
pw. Budtapaa* 361 7767 

HI Soar 2 bed flat to purp burn 

- Mk .Orem m A bosh £250pw. 
Allen Bates A Co 499 1666. 

WEST 1 Wen fined luxury Oar 
with? bedntan*. £200 pw. 240 
7909 iu. 


Italy. Orace. Oort. Canrod*. 
Switz. Cmuny. Ol -454 4326 
ALICANTE. FOTO. Malaga etc. 
Otmotto Travel ATOL I7B3 
01 681 4641. HonlURI 68641 
AUSSIE. N2 . South ATTIC*. 
ISA. Hong Kong. Bnt Farrs. 
Ot 443 7775 ABTA 
SYO'MCl £618 Perth £S4S AS 
motor earner* to AUS/NZ. Ol- 
584 7571 ABTA 
SOUTH AFRICA Jolxirg from 
£465. 01 684 7571 ABTA 


HOT TURKEY. Mognif 12 berth 
crcwcd motor yacht fr £1000 
pw 01-737 3661 !34&r*(OI- 
326 1006 Aktt209l 


VeN tract* of moorland wWt 
hilt grazing. Ma*oraysu»crt 
to Comiuon RUN. Sporting 
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OVER 9000 acres 
John Clegg & Co 
Ctoucft StTctesham. 
Bucks. Tel 0494 784711 

•* sooft* wreci ** 

tr use * iti» * US* e-USA * 

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A Different 

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mow produced Algarve villa, 
ve can offer some qnuaual and 
different alternative* They 
langcfrom Individual Algarve 
properties, ro lovely bouse* tn 
tbe Monctugue HiH* All have 
pool*. SUM - some leant* 
court Make 1986 the year you 
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elegant brochure, including 
Greece. Italy. Fiance. 
♦ffraar-X CV Travel (T) 




Highly aoratnpfsiwtf far 
large private yacttt titled). 
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Longer. Highest standard of 
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qotstM - buffets, cocktail 
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class restaurant /hotel 
experience t a a enflaf . CUl 
Richard Taylor 01-491 
1717 10.00-6 JO 

C4KSELU110N. Bert offer for 
Ornate \ma with own pool an 
the Luz Beach. 1 22 May 01 
493 5725 


ft w £395 rfn £*43 Auckland 
a w £420 rtn £774 Jtfbui* 
o W £SM rfn £470 LtK Anae 
le* o w £1 77 rm U35 London 
Flight Centro Oi 570 0332. 

Menorca. T/wrif* vum. Apt 
Pensions Tairrnas. Hohdav* 
Flwht' Brahlirro Manl 
baoktnro \entura HdIMjiv 
T rt 01-250 IUS 


LAMZAROTE. Modena hloiuh 
Ol 8564383 ABTA 

DRAHO CANARY hlffv lorashed 
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Mai June, tel iObi3i T79673 
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Due to leant expanston. va- 
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FT E180pw >0485) 273472. 




We wilt be featuring our new Perfor ma nce 
Cars classification in Tbe Car Buyers' Guide as 
from Friday 25th April and Sunday 27th ApriL 
To advertise your Performance vehicles, 
please call:- 

02-481 4422 (Trade advertisers) 
01-481 400Q. (Private advertiser^ 

Use your Access or Visa card. 


MONDAY Edocatim: Univer- WEDNESDAY U Crew 4e h FRIDAY MotoK A complete car 

~ i 4 _aKnn Hie siiy Appoinlmcms. Prep. & Public Cre^Seaearial/P^appomoncnta buyers' guide reauinng esublishcd 

er 1-4 nuiuuu W School Appointments. Educauonal over £7300. General secretarial- dealers and private ales. 

HJOSt affluent people m roe c OUf5es Scbolwships&Wtaw5hips. Prepoty: ResidentahCommerciai. Badness to Business: 
cenatay lead the classified u Cremede n Creme: Town &Counuy. Overseas. Rentals. Selling property. Franchises, 

w taiiiiof’nierii»es. , n>e TUESDAY c«np«« (Mra« TB „ mc „ 4V-k _ ^ 

fnJlowfoir rtfifgg ories appear a comprehensive guide io the THURSDAY Genera! Appotel- companies or businesses. 

‘“Tv ind compurcr maikcl buks: Chief E>ecuu*es.Managmg „ ^ __ ■*- 

IfflMy e yD r yeC * T 7-. J Legal Appointments: Solicitors. DireciOfs. Directors. Sates and SATURDAY Ovciseas Wrtri- 

toe generally accompaiiea CD mnK TcialUwyeis.L«p»l Mdrijering Executives and Overseas Holid^a i abroad. Lw ' co^ flighis. 

sssssrjssissm sgaa sssa 

Td ... ...Nteniml It Kjftf*** 1 — WOULD FAMOUS PERSONAL COLUMN APPEARS EVERY DAY. «xuiRTtadertloconac: people with 


TELEPHONE (C^iimc), 


. date of iNsomoN 

i Ptenc athto lime for mungaml pRK*t*tof) 

□ El 

Palace hold talks 
over new coach 

By Nicholas Marling 

At feast three of tbe players Guymon. to take a reduction in 
ton embark today with the wages/ “I wanted out of 

who embark today with the 
England team for the qualifying 
round of tbe European 

traH" he said. “It was the 
time is five yean of 

championships in Copenhagen, edaching that I had had my 
will be playing under different salary cm. The way the game 
coaches fix’ their dubs next was going 1 felt it was time l did 
season. something etee as I didn't fed I 

coaches , for their dubs next was going I feh it was ume L aia 
season. something else as ,1 didn’t fed I 

Stood Crystal Palace, who was accomplishing anything.” 

’’SS Coincidentally, Dbnning. 
Vi n ct rim who takes over ai BradcneU, 

cSSin^toSSaneoech gS'S 

tyfao has j ust rKje ned.ale*oaid 

successful speO wi* Brixton 
before leading Bnmel Uxbridge 
the Engand g tty % l» ^e d Camden out of the second 

.Liitn.-mtir ftrmv under David Titmuss, who was 
vousd the coach ofihe year, they 

took Btnndinmtte nip 




One Hundred and Sixtieth Annual ,* 
General Meeting of the Members will-be 
held in 150 St Vincent Street, Glasgow, 

G2 5NQon Wednesday, 23rd April.^986 
atNoon. . 

By Order of the Directors 


Chief General Manager and Actmzy 

150 St Vincent Street, 

Glasgow, G2 5NQ. . *=i 

I4th March , 1986. 1^ 1 


an 6 AUTO. V rra- tarar. fbB 
Navy Hu* IraQwr. 29.000 
raBte. I KWla owner, to*- 
am cotKlilloo . FSH . spami 928 
reg- £19.760. 01-73* 0643. 


MaiTira co Brtdoft nauonal 
Mb tow related work. Inter 
view* potooxc S6^naaui May. 
• Retoy to BOX F20 . 


through a transitional phase — 
to the finals of the National 

Although Bracknell . were 
looking for a fuil-mne coach in 

to me nnais Ol me l-xauumu : “ * 

Championship play-offs at place of Brown, who tefixwd to ? 
WemWey last month, he leaves go fiifl-tune. Dunning, aged 28 La 
somewhat disillusioned fwajob PE teacher, has convinced tiie 

as a trainee accountant. 

club's chairman. 

Palace's financial crisis at the Naysmith, that he will devote as 
turn of the year forced the entire much tune as required to coachr 
staff induding the 37-year-old mg. public retanons and clinics. 


Rockets hope to take 
off again at Wembley 

Dundee Rockets. Durham 
Wasps. Fife Flyers, and 
Murrayfiekl Racers, will be at 
Wembley at the end of this week 
for the semi-finals of the 
Heineken Championship. 

The quarter-finals were com- 
pleted at the weekend when 
Dundee Rockets emerged as tbe 
only team with a 100 per cent 
record and poor Nottingham 
Panthers tbe only team not to 
get a point. 

The Rockets- seem to have run 

By a Special Correspondent 

sets. Durham'- - Durham Wasps surprisingly. 
Flyers, and foiled td get to "Wembley last 
ers. will be at year, and only just managed it 
nd of this week this time. It was the runaway 
inals of the home win over Ayr Brains that 
rionship. clinched their semi-final peace. . y 

rials were com- With so much emphasis on' ' 
veekend when the goal-scoring feats - of ira- 
emerged as the ported players, it was encourag- 
a 100 per cent ing for Fife Flyers that, nine 
ir Nottingham different players got on to the 
ly team not to scoresheei in their 6-3 win at 

Fill in the couptifc and attach itto your advertisement Prior to it appearing, 
we will contact yquwiih g quotation and confirm the date of insertion. 

Rates are Uncage X4 per line (min. 3 lines). Boxed Display £23 per single 
column centimetre. Court andSodal £6 per line. All Qtes + 15ft VAT. 

PAY NO POSTAGE. Send tec The Ttaes. Shtri cy Margate. Group 
dawffied Advertisement Manages Twr Mnwpapm Ui. Ad raatisera e n t Depart- 
bolPA. Bn 484. VtatitiaStreet. LeratoD 9DD. 



into form at just the right time, 
and. althoi^n they cut it fine in 
Nottingham, Alistair Wood 
scoring tbe winning goal .with 
less than two minutes re m ai ni ng 
in the game. 


New game 
for Old 

By Keith Macklin 

Oid Trafford football ground, 
home of Manchester United, 
will stage tbe first rugby league 
international against Australia 
dunng’the forthcoming series 
against the world champions. 
This will be tbe first time that 
tbe Manchester United ground, 
with its capacity of nearly 
57,000. has staged a J3-a-side 

At a press, conference hosted 
by Whitbread Trophy, the new 
international sponsors, held at 
Old Trafford yesterday, Joe 
Feddon, the chairman of the 
Rugby League, commented: 
“Australia are ranked as the best 
side in the workL Following the 
vast improvement drawn by ^ 
Great Britain in the drawn series 
against New Zealand, we fed 
that a classic series is in pros- j 
pecu Old Trafford is renowned 
as the Wembley of the North, 
and this will provide the perfect, 
backcloth for a top event in 
world Rugby League.” 

The other internationals in a 
short tour comprising only 13 
games will be told at EUand 
Road, Leeds, and at Central 
Park. Wi gan. This means that 
two out of three showpiece 
matches wifi be played on 
football grounds, ana only one 
at a recognized rugby league 

The four begins on Sunday, 
October 12 at Wigan, and tbe 
three international matches will 
be played on Saturdays - Octo- 
ber .25, November 8 and 
November 22. Halifax, who 
clinched the championship on 
Sunday, get their first fixture 
against an Australian touring 
team since 1967. Other top elute 
to entertain the tourists are Hull 
Kingston Rovers. Leeds. St 
Helens. Oldham, Widnes, Hull 
and Bradford Northern. There 
will also be a match against 
Cumbria at a venue to be 

Great Britain have not won a 
series Australia since 


Brains & (Xxtiam 
3. RIb RwmbB: 

Motnn^am Panthers „ 

ero & Nottingham Panthers 4. Dutdea 
Bogota 5. RM Division TfcjpitQR ffctta 

(Second tete: Lee VWeyLians 9. BaUmS 
Barons 1 (urn-win ia®. 


back in 

From Richard Evans* Nice 

In the context of Britain's 
chances of beating Australia in 
the Davis Cup at Wimbledon m 
July. Paul McNamee has been 
looking in ominously good form 
and even better health here on 
tbe Cote d’Azur. 

Considering McNamee 
underwent a ferny serious op- 
eration to solve a kidney prob- 
lem only last September, his 
achievement in reaching the 
final. of the Grand Prix event 
bene bn Sunday was remarkable. 

Tbe straight-sets defeat by the 
improving Spaniard, Emilio 
Sanchez, was the inevitable 
result of a gruelling week that 
had seen McNamee beat-three 
of the world's best young day- 
court players — Jaime Yzaga, of 
Peru. Claudio Pistoles, ofltaly, 
and another Spaniard. Jorge 
Arrese - as well as Thieny 
Tulasoe. currently ranked 17th 
in tbe world. 

Despite his disappointment at 
losing tire final. McNamee set 
out along the coast for Monte 
Carlo encouraged by his ability 
to withstand the rigours of the 
professional four. Typically, be 
insists on sharing tiie credit for 
his comeback. "Bob Brett, my 
coach, kept -pumping me up 
when my motivation was not all 
tt might have been.’' he said. 

With Pat Cash playing again 
and. Peter McNamara also bade 
on his feet,. Neale Fraser, 
disproving the humpty-dumpty 
theory, will have a squad tnat 
been put back together at 

McNamee, incidentally, has 
been doing much of his training 
on the Riviera at a vast new 
tennis centre of the kind that 
only David Lloyd has attempted 
to match in Britain. 

Galiingly. tire money behind 
the project is British. John 
Moores, son of the pools mag- 
nate, having provided the finan- 
cial backing. Paul Hutchins has 
been in touch with a view to 
sending, a British squad. 






: ' : Baue (Reuter) — Tie Bei- 
^rao dub, Waregem, have 
been fined 7,000 Swiss francs 
(P«S30) by the European 
Football Union for incidents 
during last Wednesday’s 
UEFA Cup semi-final second- 
leg. against Cologne of West 
Germany. r 

: UEFA on Sunday ordered 
Cologne, who. drew '3-3 in 
■Belgium to qualify 7-3 on 

against ibs '.Dutch' side, PC 
Tweme Enschede, to 
Diissddorfs 68,000-capacity 
Rhein stadion to iccoimno 
date more spectators. The 
West German dub did the 
same in 1979. 

Some earlier round' ties in 
European dub competitions 
have been switched by UEFA 
as a punishment for ' crowd 

Hold tag 

m ton 

r \Y emt 

.- ’fT 

. ■< 


the home volvjhg British teams^ ^ 
}* oftheir final against Real case, the cha 
Madrid on May 8 in a stadium 
350 kilometres by air from 
Cologne. UEHA imposed the 
ban because of violent distur- 
bances caused by the West 
German club's supporters 
during the semi-final lie in 

- In a further statement yes- 
terday UEFA said that 
"Waregem had been punished 
because spectators threw mis- 
siles at the visiting players. 

Earlier, UEFA said its Con- 
trol and Disciplinary Com- 
mittee had. -. ruled against 
Cologne’s Mftngersdorfer Sta- 
dium during talks in Zurich. 

“Supporters of the 

did not 
prevent a repetition of trouble. 

Last season, after bottles 
were thrown from the terraces, 
Celtic were ordered to replay a 
Cup Winners’ Cup tie against 
the. eventual finalists, Rapid 
Vienna, L50 kilometres away 
from their stadium. The 
match was replayed at Man- 
chester United’s Old Trafford 
ground; most of the 1 52,000 
spectators were travelling 
Celtic supporters, and there 
was further acts of hooligan- 
ism as the Austrians won 1-0. 

Their goalkeeper. Herbert 
Feurer, was attacked by; 

Plaudits for Platini: the French international after his dub side Juventus had beaten AC 
Milan! -0 on Sunday. Juventus are now two points clear at the top of the Italian League. 

. and put up resistance against 
- security forces which degener- 
ated into a veritable attack on 
the police,” the statement 
said. -Police were subjected to 
: 8 barrage of objects and 

Cologne’s chief executive, 
Michael Meier, told a news 
. conference that an appeal had 
been formally submitted to 
UEFA headquarters in Zu- 
rich. He said UEFA was 
.unlikely to make a decision 
before next Monday. The 
• main thrust of the argument, 
fie added, was that security 
measures at Kortrijlc were 
inadequate and that the rule 
banning the sale of alcohol at 
European matches was 

' No other UEFA Cup final 
:fcg has- been switched to 
.another venue on the grounds 

ffi SSsa Chelsea will break Tickets are 

record for Dune costiyfor 

crucial tie 


dub' ignited fireworks before was kicked as the players left 
die starting whistle in Belgi um . the field. Following , the inci- 

dents, Celtic were ordered by 
' UEFA to play their first home 
leg in this year's tournament 
behind dosed doors and lost 
to Attetico Madrid. 

Chelsea are poised to pay a 
chib record £400,000 for Gor- 
don. Dtirie, the Hibernian for- 

BRUSSEL& : Bruges and . ward. Kenny Waugh, rhnirmnn 
Anderiecht, the champions, of the Edinburgh dub, said 

' at the 

face a two-match play-off to 
decide the winner- of the 
Belgian first division title after 
both won their last league 
matches yesterday. 

Anderiecht, put out of fire 
European Cup semi-finals in 
midweek by unfancied Steaua 
Bucharest of Romania, beat 
Sporting ChareJeroi 5-0 away 
to end level .on 52 points with 
Bruges, who defeated 
Beerschot 4-0 at home. The 
Belgian Football Union does 
not allow the championship to 
he decided on goal difference. 

. Standard Liege matte sure 
of. a UEFA Cup berth next 

of hootiganisin.In fife 1975 year with a solid 24) home 
final, Bortxssia victory over Molenbeek, mov- 

Mdnchengladbach - moved- ing into third place-ahead of 
their first leg home game Ghent. 

y that the price had 
n agreed and that only die 
player’s personal terms re- 
mained to be settled. Dime, 
aged 20, has scored 14 goals this 
season for the Scottish premier 
division ride, despite injuries 
and a four-game suspension. 

The. foe would heat the 
£300,000 that Chelsea paid to 
Tottenham for Mick Hazard in 
iber. Waugh said “We are 
Gordon reluctantly but 
the offer is a very good one and 
the player's contract runs out at 
the end of the season," Waugh 
said. Hibernian paid £65,000 in’ 
Durie when they bought him 
from East Fife 18 months ago. 
He has recently interested Rang- 
ers and LiverpooL 
John Hollins, the Chelsea 
manager, promised to 
strengthen his squad after seeing 
his bid for honours damaged by 

injuries to key players. 

• Tony Dorigo will miss the last 
two games of Aston Villa's 

le for first division sur- 
The Australian-born full 
back was already out of 
Saturday's home game against 
Chelsea through suspension. He 
will now miss the final game at 
Tottenham after flaking an an- 
kle bone at Sheffield Wednesday 

• Coventry expect to appoint a 
new team manager before the 
end of the season. The relega- 
tion-threatened first division 
dub advertised the post yes- 
terday and John Boynton, the 
chairman, said: “We do not rule 
om anyone. It will be a demo- 
cratic board decision after we 
have interviewed a short list". 
The position became vacant 
with the resignation nine days 
ago of Don Mackay. 

• Bill Williams, the former 
Maidstone United manager, 
who left the dub 16 months ago 
to go to South Africa, is return- 
ing next month as— general - 

Itale ABodi, the “Mr Fix It" 
of Italian /-football and the 
wealthy executive director, of 
Naples, has rerigwxt after 
receiving a napmomi Jo appear 
before ma gi str a tes fevestjgating- 
the West fixed odds: betting" 
scandal in the Italian- game. 
Several players have already 
spent tfcne mjmUce cells.-' 

- Among those whose offices 
have boot searched and docu- 
ments confiscated is Franco 
Jaaieh. fee general manger of 
Bari, the ctab of Fani Jodcont 
add Gordon Conrans. Jaakh, a 
former centre half of Bologna, - 
who has greatly helped in 
Rideoatfs lucrative improvement 
(the £2 mfifioatreasfer to Turin 
seems on), says he has nothing 
to fear. 

ABodi, continaaBy named in 
the Lotofori case a decade 
ago, whea he was general man- 
ager of Jwrentus'— he pabBdy - 
defended . Solti, who : tried .to 
bribe Lobe, the Portuguese ref- 
eree — also figures in the 
devastating account given by 
Vadas, a Hungarian referee, of 
how Inter-MBan foiled to bribe 



Brian Gtanvfle 

trim to "fix'" a European Cop 
semi-final in 1966 against Real 

Traded with fawning def- 
erence by the Italian Press, 
ADodi-lms gone from job to 
jobJle was utteriy opposed by 
Eooco Bearzot, Italy's team man- 
ager, when ABodi ran the Fed^ 
eral Coaching Centre outside. 
Florence. “How can I work with 
a- Brians at my back?" Bearzot 
demanded ludfwaj tbroogh the 
1982 World Cup to Spain. . 

As the World Cup curtain- 
raiser against Bulgaria ap- 
proaches, the watchword ha kaly 
is "Beware of Gbetov". -The 
blond centre forward -bad a 
marvellous gome in the recent 3- 
8 win over Denmark and was 
eulogized by Italy's assistant 
■manager, Cesare Maldinc “He 
fcasimagjiiation, dribbling, 
passing aboity, a violent shot- 1m 

Mexico Ms shots will become 
bombs. Gbetov is espedally. 
dangerous with free kicks and in 
the goalmouth-" 



Jimmy.' Nicholl has thrown 
Northern Ireland's World Cup 

Irootod^JhatwbbestTtdian . planning into further disarray 


AUSTMAH; Austria Ktaganfurt 1. 

Vienne 1: GAK 4. Admfra Wactor 1: i 
mnstjfuck a LASK ^Austria Wsraa 3, 

Vienna, 48; 3. LASK, 33- 
BELGIAN: Berting Z fctoraa ft Bmges A 
Bearscna 0; AnrtBriocm 5. Cnwtemi ft 
Wtoterscttei ft tftert ft-Wowii V 
KotUk 1: Lokflran ft rciBga 1: 
StanaarcMJOga 2. Moianbaak ft Antawp 
2. Cercto Banns 1; M 8 ChetoiO,B 0 vflren 
2. Final podSmr rAndwtocte. 3*. 92; 2, 
Club Brogan 31^52; 3. Stonttord uiga. 
34. 42. (Aretoriacbt end Bruges to meet m 

SSSS: , SS2jc , lSfc«i®a DgHSmCrt 

ft Hvactos Mmab ft Fortune SttcvCft 
WV Vnnto 1, Ajmt AwwM * £jo- 
rtngan 5. Twwta Enschede 1; PSV 

ft Haarlem ft Land 

U&kw; 1, PSVBV»ovBn.2S.St:_ 
Amsterdam. 2ft ft Ftoyonoont Rotter- 

mujMfc^uaOnta B er g amo 2. Torino ft 
Bari ft 1 : Horamo a 1, Ud r»»a ft 

tntenwztonaWft Cwft-tom te 1. A S 
Mten ftTSsplesft Swnpdoria ft RomeZ 


Boavtate I.Benftea. ft Portwonanaa 1, 
Qutmaraea 1; Bnua 1. Chaw. 1; 

; ft *5 X ft Aeadamka ft 

Avas 1; MaritVno 1. Satubal ft Sporting ft 
SatgueUoal.Laatfcw p o UO onn 1. Porto. 
30, 49; 2. Benfica. 30, 47: ft Sporting 
Lisbon. 3ft 4R 

SPAMStt Sportfcig ft OBlta ft Rad- 
SoOeOad 5. Fteal Madrid ft- VStanda 1. 
CadzO: Espa/WS. BarDatanaft Racing 4, 
Hercules 1; Raal Zaragoza 1. SevXa 1;. 
AdUco Madrid ft AtNaSc BBbao 1; Las 
■»B*iJe90, Rani Batts ft Rnalpoaieoiia: 1. 
Raid Madrid. 34, SB: ft earcfima. 34. 45; 
ft AIMatlcBUbao. 34,43. 

SWlSft Baste ft Bedan ft (UasshonperB 
Zurich ft Vbwjv 1; Grenchan 1. Sion 4; 
Lausanne ft Zurich ft-Luoama ft La 
Chaux-dB-fondB ft Nauchftnj Xamax 1. 
Aarau 1; Sennits Geneva 1. Y oung B oya 

Beme *\ Watengan ft St 

ft NeuchSM Xamax. 22,30. 

WEST GERMAN: Bayer Uwtfngan ft 
Nurambaraft Kaisaralauiarn ft SChafta ft 
Ouraaldnf ft <?doflne 1: Bayern Munich 
O. Lsverionen ft Sungari 4. Borttssn Bochum 1. Ssaferiktaen ft 
Hamburg ft Wannhaim 0. i«o*w po- 
wmaHK 1. Warder Bremea 3ft 4ft 2. 



R&a ft Vardar ft Calfc_ft SUysfca 1; 
V^vodma ft Pristina, ft Pwfaeoft 
Ssnaavo ft LaaiSna posidoits: 1, Farit- 
ftRadSlar. 25.32:3, Velez. 


forwards— of the moment are 
almost certainly Francesco Gra- 
zfoni, aged 33, who was sub- 
stituted early in the last World 
Cap final, and Roberto Fnma, 
aged-31, each of whom was eager 
to leave Rome early in the 
'season when he could aot win a 
place. GrarianI insists that he 
has never worked harder or felt 
fitter. Bearzot said the other day 
tint he most take trim into 
account for Mexico. 

. Not even Grarianf and 
Ptudo, who both scored, could 
prevent Rome’s 3-2 home defeat' 
by Lecce, foe bottom chib in the 
I talian League,, who have al- 
ready been relegated. Rome's 
hopes of winning the title have 
thas been dashed. By beating 
Milan l-O, Javentns regained 
their two-point lead. The leaders 
and Rome have one matc h to 

Another 33-year-old centre 
forward, Dieter HAoess, of Bay- 
era Munich, has forced his way 
back into West Germany's team 
after a seven-year absence. 
Picked in desperation -as a 
stopgap in Switzerland, be 
headed the only goal, excelled 
and seems ripe for Mexico. 
Argentina, who are doe back in 
Enrope for a second pre-World 
Cup tour, are still in turmoil. No 
less a figure than Rani AKoesfn, 
the country's president, has 
criticized the manager, Carlos 
BOardo, and the way be has the 
team playing. 

Argentine football remains In 
economic chaos, as ev id enc ed by 
the bizarre case of Racing CtutL.- 
The famous Buenos Aires team, 
having scrambled oat of the 
second division,' are so short of 
funds that they have leased their 
hh™ to a second division club 
called Argentina, of Mendoza, 
for £140,000. “We couldn't do 
anything else," one of Racing's 
' era said. “We hadn't been 
! for three months." 

• Brian Glturville is Football 
Correspondent of the Sunday 
. Times 

by joining 'the long list of 
regulars whore presence in Mex- 
ico is threatened by injury. 
Nicholl. a West Bromwich Al- 
bion foil back, who has been 
virtually ever present in North- 
ern Ireland's team since 1976, 
misses tomorrow night’s 
friendly against Morocco in 
Belfast because of a persistent 
hamstring injury. 

With four other players strug- 
gling to recover from knee 
problems. Billy Bingham, 
Northern Ireland's manager, is 
running out of time and be looks 
certain to be forced to delay the 
confirmation of his 22-man 
party for the finals possibly until 
little more than a week before 
the tournament starts. 

Bingham has only two more 
weeks before he takes hisj>Iaym 
off for altitude training in New 
-Mexico — but another fortnight 
after that before FIFA's dead- 
line. He has indicated that he 
will take most of his doubtfoi 
players, who include . Billy 
Hamilton. Paul Ramsey. Nigel 
Worthington and Martin 
O' Neil L with him to Al- 
buquerque to give them the 
extra time to prove their fitness. 

“If we do it that way we can 
fly in replacements if any of the 
players break down." Bingham 

NicholL with 70 caps, said: 
“It's very disappointing and 
frustrating. It was just a St of a 
strain but it has gone on for five 
weeks and it is a worry." 

Bremen (Reuter) — Black- 
market tickets for today's 
crucial league dash between 
Werder Bremen and Bayern 
Munich were being snapped up 
for up to 1.000 marks (about 
£300) yesterday amid a big step- 
up in security measures. With 
the match expected to deride the 
destiny of this year's West 
German title, tension has risen 
to a fever pitch. 

All 40.000 tickets at the Weser 
stadium were sold out some 
time ago and a further 15.000 
people are expected to watch the 
match on a giant screen in 
Bremen's Cathedral square. 

The game is also being shown 
live in the Bremen city hall and 
at Munich's Olympia Stadium 
as well as nationwide in homes 
served by cable television. 

One lout said his phone had 
not stopped ringing and that he 
was being offered up to 1,000 
marks a seat. Werder manager 
Wilfi Lemke said .fee. had lost 
more than 61b in weight trying 
. to fend off the demand for 

Some 500 police officers, 

more than treble the usual 
number, have been put on duty 
to handle possible trouble amid 
concern that the Bayern captain. 
Klaus Augenihaler could be a 
target, for _lhe wrath of the 
Werder supporters. 

The Werder star. Rudi Vdller. 
was so badly injured when he 
was fouled by Augenihaler in 
Munich last November that the 
wiry striker has not played since. 
Werder supporters have threat- 
ened to take revenge on 
Augenihaler but the player said 
he was unruffled. 

“I know they're after me but 
they won’t get to me," he said. 
“Whistling doesn't bother me. 
They will just motivate me and 
the team. We have nothing to 
lose." Vdller has jusi resumed 
foil training after a groin opera- 
tion and could be set to make his 
long-awaited return. 

Werder. who last won the 
league in 1965, have led all 
season but the gap was recently 
cut to two points. Reigning 
champions. Bayern, have a bet- 
ter goal difference and would go 
the top of the table if they win - 
with one match left to play on 

• DORTMUND (Reuter) - 
Borussia Dortmund, have dis- 
missed their Hungarian trainer. 
Pal Csernai. after Saturday's 4-0 
defeat by Stuttgan-The outcome 
left Dortmund in sixteenth place 
in the IS- team league and in 
danger of relegation. 

Csernai. aged 53. formerly 
trainer of Bayern Munich, is the 
sixth first division trainer to lose 
his job this season. 


A summer for the 
purists to enjoy 

By Richard Streeloq 

Every new cricket season In favour in later years. If ibe 

England is launched amid a tidal 
wave of prophecy, which freely 
mingles optimism with talk of 

threatened crisis. The pattern 
for 19S6 can be no different On 

the field the louring Indian and 
New Zealand reams, with their 
own brand of old-fashioned 
skills, will male it a summer for 
the pnrists lo enjoy, [q commit- 
tee rooms the search for sol- 
vency will continue, a problem 
linked with die right balance 
being struck between first-class 
cricket and the instant variety. 

This affl be the first twin-tow 
Sommer since 1982. As a pro- 
gramme format It is an occa- 
sional necessity these days but 
does not commend itself to 
everyone. The advantages in- 
clude more frequent opportu- 
nities for overseas countries to 
visit England- Test match rub- 
bers restricted to three games, 
on the other hand, seldom 
capture the public imagination 
in the same way as a five-match 
series. India come first, with the 
opening Test match at Lord's 
starting as early as June 5. 

For the shell-shocked En- 
gland players returning from the 
Caribbean the summer will 
bring a marked changed of 
emphasis. Attributes other than 
their courage will be examined 
by opponents, whose beads, 
these days, in world cricket, are 
justifiably held high. In the 
autumn England leave for 
Australia to defend the Ashes. It 
would be a remarkable sooth- 
sayer who could name more than 
five or six certainties for that 
tour at the present time. 

By (hen the counties will have 
decided whether to keep the 
recent Palmer investigation into 
English cricket on the shelf, or 
to try to implement its radical 
proposals. These, primarily, 
were aimed at raising standards 
to help to improve the England 
Test team. It was, in some ways, 
an idealistic document and this 
is hardly an altruistic age. The 
main stumbling block to accep- 
tance was the recommendation 
that the lucrative Sunday league 
programme should be halved, in 
order to make room for eight 
four-day championship 

There was too much combined 
cricket experience among Mr 
Palmer's working party for their 
suggestions to be dismissed out 
of hand. They sought to have 
less Ihnhed-overs endeet played 
because of the technical short- 
comings it brings in its wake. 
One-day cricket's appeal for 
spectators and its receipts, how- 
ever, could not be ignored in 
marketing and promotion terms. 
The Test and Comity Cricket 
Board last month referred the 
report back for farther 

Whether, with more time, a 
compromise will be found is 
uncertain. Mr Palmer was left to 
find solace from the similar 
treatment handed out to the 
Clark report in the 1960s. Then, 
too, changes in the English 
e's structure were postponed 
fore several of them found 

moneychangers, for the mo- 
ment. remain ensconced in the 
temple, (here were other pro- 
posals in the Palmer report 
which should have been im- 
plemented straightaway, on an 
experimental basis. 

In particular it was unfortu- 
nate that the counties spurned a 
return to uncovered pitches, 
albeit by a narrow vote. The 
TCCB's cricket committee en- 
dorsed Palmer on his fun- 
damental playing issue and for 
the counties to go against their 
wishes hinted at inflexible 
thinking. Hie chance was 
missed to halt the present trend 
for the bat to dominate the ball, 
something which the averages 
show it is doing more thaa it 

Part of the parcel of cricket's 
efforts to stabilize its finances 
must be a determined effort to 
revive interest in the country 
championship and uncovered 
pilches would help to do this. 
There is a lot of good cricket 
played to the championship — 
something not always given 
proper recognition — but after 
five years of covered pitches it 
tends too often to be stereotyped. 
The essential variety, which 
follows from playing on turf 
exposed to the elements, is badly 

Any batsman capable of deal- 
ing with a rain-affected pitch 
must improve in technique and 
confidence. Uncovered pitches, 
it is to be hoped, would mean 
that spin bowlers would be given 
more opportunities and the 
groundsman’s job would also be 
easier. The “sweating" which 
goes on under covers removes 
life, inevitably, from the pitch. It 
helps create the dead strips on 
which so many matches, almost 
from their start, are doomed to 
be drawn. 

Dwindling over-rates, which 
deprive spectators of one and a 
half hoar's play and more each 
day compared with 30 years ago, 
are another modern bugbear. 
The administrators, sadly, have 
already been outflanked by the 
players on this. Nobody enjoyed 
the finishes at 8pm and later 
which ensued in 1984 when 1 17 
overs a day was stipulated. The 
figure was dropped to 112 overs 
hut season and, inexplicably, 
has been lowered to 110 this 
summer. This, too, at a time 
when a father taking his sou to a 
county match for a day, might 
have to find around £30. bearing 
in mind current costs for tickets, 
travel, food and drink. 

Experience has shown that 
nothing the legislators can do 
removes the need for the cricket- 
ers to play competitively and in a 
chivalrous spirit. Is it fair to 
wonder, though, whether the 
championship might be helped 
by a points scoring method 
which rewarded only an outright 
win? A personal view, too, is that 
the time might have come to ny 
a two-divisional championship, 
with promotion and relegation. 
It would help to add purpose lo 
every match, right to the 
season’s end. 

Barrett for N Zealand 

New Zealand have selected 
the young fast bowlers. Brian 
Barren and Willie Watson, in a 
16-man party to tour England 
this year. The tour, which 
includes three Test matches and 
two one-day internationals, be- 
gins on June 22 with a one-day 
match against La vim a. Duchess 
of Norfolk's XI at ArundeL 
Barrett, aged 19. who has been 

signed by Worcestershire, is the p^- s ^ al ^ debul ^ 
only new cap m this side. ^mmer. But Worcestershire 

The side is weakened by the 
unavailability of the left-hander. 
John Reid, who recently com- 

E leied 1.000 runs in Test cricket 
ister than any other New 

The selection of Barrett has 
raised a doubt over his future in 
county cricket- He has an Irish 
passport and was classified as 
English when he made his John 

Watson, aged 20. took pan in 
the recent Australasia Cup 
Derek Stirling has been re- 
called to the team and will 
complete the pace bowling line- 
up alongside Hadlee and 
Chaifieid. Hadlee is available 
only for the Tests and one-day 
internationals because of his 
commitments with 

Notiinghamsh ire. 

said yesterday that they ex- 
pected his appearance in an 
official touring party would 
make him an overseas player for 
registration purposes. 

JG Wngttt 
m. JG 


(wee-espton). B J Barrett. T E Btam 
BracewsU. E J ChattaUL M D Crewe. J J 
Crowe. B A Edgar, T J Fmnidei. E J Gray. 
R J Hattte . K R RuttwtofU. I D S Snath. D 
A Sorting. W Watson. 

Umpires panel Rain permits 
for World Cup only 22 balls 

Inter date for Ardiles 

Tottenham Hotspur, who 
were banned from staging a 
testimonial for OsvaJdo Armies 
this week, have arranged what 
should be a lucrative replace- 
ment match. 

Rasters this wee£. ^but^werc 
barred from doing so by the FA. 
who did not want Scottish 

supporters arriving in London 
earlier than necessary for the 
EnglaraTScoctand international 

at 'Wembley tomorrow. Now 
Tottenham have arranged tes- 
timonial against the leading 
Italian dub. Inter Milan, for 
Ardiles on May I. 

Ardiles' s Argentine compa- 
triot. Diego Maradona. Liam 
Brady, formerly of Arsenal, and 
the West German forward, 
Karl-Heinz Rummemgge. who 
play for Inter, are ail expected to 
appear at White Hart Lane. 

New Delhi (Reuter) — An 
international panel of umpires 
will supervise the fourth World 
Cup in India and Pakistan next 
the International Cricket 
:onierence (ICO secretary. 
Jack Bailey, sart yesterday. 

Mr Bailey said that India. 
Pakistan and England could 
each nominate two umpires and 
West Indies. Australia, New 
Zealand and Sri Lanka, the 
other foil members of ICC. one 
“Umpires for group matches 
will be finalized before the 
championship begins while um- 
pires for the semi-finals and 
final will be named during the 
course of the contest." Mr 
Bailey said at the end of a two- 
day meeting of the ICC World 
Cup sub-committee. 

No play yesterday 

THE PARK& Somerset 236 for 9 dac(flJ 
Barttert 117 not out): Oxford University 11 
lor 2. 

FESSER 'S: Cambridge Univer- 
sity. with nine first- wickets in 
hand, are 248 runs behind 

Heavy rain after 22 balls at 
Fenner's yesterday lasted until 
mid-afternoon and left the field 
too wet for any resumption 
(Richard Streeton writes). 
Leicestershire declared at their 
Saturday score and the Univer- 
sity lost Head, to a low catch at 
second slip, before the storm 

LBCESTERSHne First Innings 254 for 9 
dec (l P Butcher 58. J J Whitaker 57. 
BOWL) MG: Dawes 24-5-64-0: Scott 33-9- 
61-3; Elison 34*1 1-8Z-5, Gorman 11 -3-40- 


T J Head c Butcher b Agnew 1 

A E Lea not out 4 

D J Fett not out — . — 0 

Extras — — -.1 

Total (1 wkt> B 

PAC Baa. *OG Pnce. ID w Biowne. S 
R Gorman. A D Browne. C C Efllson. J E 
Dawdson and A M G Scott to bat 
Umpires: M J Kitchen and M Hendrick 


Aiidries is 
for a vocal 

By Sriknmar Sen 
Boxing Correspondent 
Dennis Andries. .he British 
challenger for 

J. B. Williamson's World Box- 
ing Council light-heavyweight 
title, is just another stepping 
stone to a dream, the champion 
said yesterday. Sitting m the 
plush drawing room ofShendish 
House, his training -head- 
quarters in deepest Hertford- 
shire. owned by Croxley Script, 
the sponsors of the world title 
bout on April 30, Williamson 
said that there was no way in 
which Andries could stop him 
on his way to a world heavy- 
weight title bout with his old 
amateur colleague. Michael 
Spinks, the International Boxing 
Federation champion. 

“Michael has collected all the 
belts and broken all the barriers. 
To achieve greatness he is the 
man to beat. I would like to 
follow jn his footsteps and unify 
the light-heavyweight title ana 
then win the world heavyweight 
title, f shall criticize him if he 
does not give me the chance like 
Holmes gave him." 

The 6ft 2in Williamson, a 
former Marine from Los An- 
geles. said that if his initials once 
stood for “Just Bad", they now 
mean “Jaw Breaker". Andries 
would be his ftrat knockout in 
two years. 

According to Williamson. 
Andries will need to have more 
than a month of Sundays of 
good luck to beat him at Picketts 
Lock. Edmonton. “He will have 
to be bom again and then too he 
might not win," Williamson 

Williamson, who won the 
vacant title last December by 
beating Prince Mama Moham- 
med on points, said that he has 
met tougher men than Andries. 
His toughest contest was against 
Pete McIntyre. "McIntyre had a 
real nasty attitude. I called him 
the Bull. I was the matador. 
Andries will be the second Bull. 

I will be the second matador. I 
am going to slay him." 

But his trainer. Ron Cannon, 
did not rule out a points victory. 
“J. B. is in fine shape, can jab 
and move and is very fast. I take 
the blame for there being so few 
knockouts in his record because 
I believed It was best for him to 
know how to box well first. But 
we shall have to start knocking 
people out to attract attention 
and Andries may not go the 
distance. But we haven't got ego. 
We shall do whatever we have to 
do to win." 

The 29-year-old Williamson, 
who has brought two sparring 
partners, a cruiserweighti King 
David Smith, and a middle- 
weight. Will Dale, both of whom 
“are lough like Andries and can 
box^md fight”, did light training 
in the 130-year-old mansion. It 
was no empty boast when he 
said. “I have been blessed with 
good eyesight and I can see all 
the shots coming," as he danced 
round the ring. 


pays off 

By Sydney Friskin 

John Parrott’s fitness cam- 
paign. which has involved long- 
distance running and 
gymnasium exercises, paid a 
nch dividend in the Embassy 
world championship at Shef- 
field yesterday. He rounded off 
his first-round match with a 10- 
4 victory over the No. 10 seed. 
Tony Meo. A long, hard road 
awaits Parrott but his exercising 
seems to have improved his 
concentration, which did not 
waver except in the first frame 
yesterday when Meo. in a 
gesture of defiance, cut the 
overnight difference to 6-4. 

But Parrott smoothly won the 
next four frames, spurting 
through the thirteenth with a 
clearance of 59. 

Alex Higgins, who began the 
day 7-2 ahead of John Spencer, 
won the first frame comfortably 
but was soon involved in a 
desperate afternoon struggle as 
Spencer settled into a smooth 
pattern of play with a break of 
60 in the eleventh frame. He 
won four frames in succession 
before Higgins checked his 
progress by winning the 

Higgins won 10-7 to set up a 
second-round meeting with 
Griffiths, who beat him 13-7 at 
the same stage of the champion- 
ship Iasi year. 

RESULTS: J Parrott M A Mao 10-4 
(Pant* first 54-07. 119-0, 48*71. 81-0. 
900. 131-5. 2VTZ 7653. 82-17. 34-76. 
7017. 55-46. 1109. 71-31): T OrttftttB M 

D Fburter 103 (Snfflttts first 73-22. 7012. 

51-58. 74-34. 609. 84-31. 62-5. 76-31. 73- 
41. 2073. 71-36. 61-48): A Noams M J 
near 107JHiggmB first 17-118. 88-0. 
a. 7038 87-2874-34, 77-0. 73-0. 87- 
10. 74-41. 34-74. 32-82. 41-60. 12-66, 50 
3, 4473, 66-23). 

POOLS FORECAST bv Paul Newman 

totBRtor Aprt 2B HPteu 

1 Ararat vWBA- • 


ItpBwfch-v Orient 

lumped vBinnnglxn 
X Luton vWMerd 
1 Man D* Ideas* 
2QPR vTooenham 

second unanti 


/ Shrewsbury 


2 Pittam v Hoddatsfid 


* ag^^ iir,rt 

2 SheflteM U v Portsrtth 
XStotovOktam : 

1 WonbtedonvHuB 


X BoKn v Brittoi C - 

1 Branttofd v Yo rtc _ 

.X Bristol flv.ChtotoriW . 
2 UneobivMfigan 

2 Nawport-v OsteVon 
2 Beating v Darty ■: 

MM on eogoouto Don- 
caeter v GBhgtem ini- . 
<jayfc Rotherham v 
Bournemouth; Swansea v 
Macs County, Woteea v 





-iHaiitapodv WBtoam 

XHewtanfvHaHax . 
1 NthamDtcnvCam&U 
i Pme rt Hyo vAMersnw 

1 Preston vBwgr- 

2 Rochdale vMsnsfirid 

«jrt * TtaanteTC 

Srindcm v Qriart (Sup- 

;To njwyvPMtVtoe 

2 Norttetecfttf Barnet 

X Stafford v Boston 1/ 
2 Hatton) v Enfield . . 

.1 Weymouth vRoflwni 


1 Celtic v Dundee 
1 Dundee Uv St Mkran 
1 Hcertsv aydetw* 

1 Mottwwett v tttwwn 


- 2 Alloa v But Fife : 

2 Ayr v Pafidrii 

1 BrcoWnv Clyde 
X Dumbarton v Hamilton 
XMomrasev Airdrie 
1 Morton v Forfar . 

X Panic* v tOmamocfc 


Hat an eaqmK Allton \f 
MaedowtHW*; Bora** v 
■ Dunfermline: 
Cowdenbeath « 

ISaf'S^ia South, v- 
Stranraer. ftatth v Queen's 
Parte Stennousenxdr v St* 





ForCTLSoMhampton. Slate. Bpton - 1 
to< R amt. Buratey. Ha rriott). Stoflort,. 

-~sSria ri«fld. Pn»» g>^-' WkghjKE 


7.30 unless orated 

Firsf division 
West Brom v sneff Wednesday 

Second dfensiort 

Fulham v Charter 
Grimsby v Barnsley 
MfBwafl v C Palace 
Sheffield Utdv Leeds 
Stoke v Portsmouth 

Third division 
Brentford v Lincoln (7.45) 
Bristol Rv Bristol C (7.45) 

Bury-v Blackpool 
OarVngton v Chesterfield 

Newport v Derby 
Plymouth vBoftonW 
Wigan v RaadtoQ 
York v Notts Co (8-0) 

Fourth division 
Aldershot v Swtndon - 
Burnley v Preston 
Colchester v petertwrough 
Mansfield v Hartlepool 

Orient v Halifax 
ScuntborpeV Exeter 

Scottish first division 

Bre tiy v A toa^_ , 

Scottish second.divMon 

Cowdenbeath v Berwick 
Danfermfine > Arbroath 
Raitti R v Stranraer 
StenhsmukYE Stiffing 
Stiffing Alb v Queen of Sttt 

eacond Jag: 

i a MahtttonfK.FrfcUw v Runcorn; 
[TV Wycorrfcft 6ob Lord Treptiy: 
second kw Bonet v StoftonU 


GudKI v Wrexham (7. 


OOLA LEAGUE: MMnctani V NonhaflcB; 

Batn V Kettering; Chettenhan) v Danfort; 

- " 



VAlKHALLOPa. LEAGUE Premier dt- 
«Mr Writing * Bognpr Harrow v 
Kingnontan; Hendon v BWgricay: 
- Vf v VWnttsormri Eton; Wwthfcw 

v.Teatng and Mttotnm; .Yarn* v Sutton 
tad. FM -dMate Boreham Weed v 
finchtay: Bromley v8t Albans; Grays v 
CheshaiK tatturttoad v Laytonstone 
and itotd; Leyton Wingate v Oxford Cky 
(MS); ii»r)f » Mauerttoed (7.45); Ux- 
taidge v Stines; -WamOtey « BuOSan 
(7.45). S e c o n d d Ws te w norm: ChesteM « 
BaMsmsied: H emal H ampstead v Bap- 
ton: Hertford v Tran: Kingsbury v 
Rcyston; Vauxhal Motors t Ware: 
Wtmrton v ChaHottf St Peter. Seam! 
dtvWaiuMatft: Banstoed vEghamj Metro- 
politan Police v Cambridge: fetateaoy v 
Dori^WhyMiMtov nia ^ HM i K 
SOUTH^N LEAGUE: Render iMaterc 
Stapshod v Fofcastona. MMjSnd r fcw rion. 
Baes®vBtfl&9y; Forest Green Rover* v. 
VS Ttogby: Letw^ar UW v OkJbwy. 
MerBiyr Tydfil v GtoucestenHatMWt v. 
Bibmsnow; S«urbrt3ge v Sutton OoU-* 

dMstere Andover * Trowbridge: Corin- 
thian v Chatham Erttn and Beivedere v 
Tawsge; Hastings vfiuMp, Sheppey » 
Ashtont Wootflord v Salisbury. 
-MULTIPART LEAGUE: Goote v Caernar- 
fon; Mattock v Gateshead; Wtton v 

CENTRAL LEAGUE (7.0): Liverpool » 
Barnsley; Noamgtnm forest v HUt 
Sheffield Wednesday v Evenon. 

tel Pataca (MS); tpsyffi v L 

; Lutm v TolMnhem (2. Q): Portsmouth 
sst Ham (7.0); Gwntton v Reading 

v Canfcte QiftonvUe v Ante; Cokrame v 
Crusaders; Dtetrilery v aattymeu; 
Glenavon v Otonfwan; Larne v 
Portadown. __ „ 

Sawtridoeworth: Chetoratortl v Burnham; 
East Thurrock v Bows Fort v Carney 
Hand; VWtam v Coggesrctf- 
t&act Eastbourne * Pnaeehawsn end 
Tetscamtw Hatonam v Lancing. 
Bramham v Gorteama- Ely v Hfaton : 
Hsvemd v Harwich and Parkeston; Thet- 
tord v Wisbech. 

Ttotise U» v Braritrae. 

inter (ArWm Uafeaan) v Plymouth Argyle 
(745K Wsston-auper-Maie v Rome 

LEA GUE W amterdMitorc Long Buddy 


Eastwood Hartley « Wntstont Gkssop v 
Leak; Satyonoge Cate v Heetwooa 
LEAGUE Boumemoutn v Bristol City 
(2-0); Shrewsoury v Torquay (7.0). 



University v 

Ltecetoorstwajl 1.0 BO530 or 64). 

THE PARKS: Oxford University v Somer- 
set (1 1 4 to 5.30 or 64) 


CLUB MATCHES; Neaft v Cross Kays 
(7.(8 Pontypridd v Uanen (7.0): Vale o( 
tune v Furness. 

TABLE- Centaurs v Grarahqppers (6 151. 



ford Northern v SflKont CasUafonJ v 
VVidnes: HuH KR v Hufi: Otdham v VKgent 
Wamngton v FeaBierstone; York v Leeds 

DIVISION: Swmton v Dewsbury. 


LAWN TENM& LTA pre-qusMymg taur- 
namant tat TaHorcfl. 

TENNIS: Bathurst Cup: Britain * 

Unted States (at 


Fraica; Austrafia 
Queen's Club). ' 

SNOOKER: Embassy mru p ro t e s ato m l 
charnnoraWpet Sheffield). 

SSmSH RACKETS: Hr-Tee British Open 
w Mtembteu Conterimm CnnlrAl 



BARNSTAPLE: NMtanal lather and son 
Indoor etunfuembip: aamHtaais: N and K 

Groves iTowertands. Branraa) 28. D and J 
Low mg (Exoral 12 E and D fiamsdale 
(Dartanggyi) 17, Wand J Roxduran(Dun{erm. 
tool 9.Tlnab Groves 20, Ramsdalea (8 



G pa AW® 98 

J 165 (R 

M v- — , Kamai 4 tor 4ft 
Pahisan 166 tor B (34.1 mrsi (Jewed 
M landed 60 not au. AtxM Qadta 59 not oul: 
Rumesh ftatneyatae a tor 19>. Pahisan won ay 

Maekaro « Dean. 1-8. 65. B-5; McCc*an bt 
Saabraok. 6-2, 6-2: $npw m Danby, 6-2. frt 
S ai l te i a l r. LovM bt Mackanaa. 6-1. 5-8 6- 
2: McCoteun bt Snow. 6-3. 28 68 Hnafc 
Low* KMcCoftan. 6-5. 6-5. W 


r t. Epsom 

-Ot 548 8 

Ifopnohun School 544 InA wd uaL prasant 
students: G Barnett (Gresham's). 97. Pari 
atudemt B Hyam and J 
98 Taama cf e*g 
London ana 

Gam&noga urw. 715 (T Punes 96( Teami of 


and 600 mm 1. 
742 (P roam 96); 2. 

1. Army. 738 (N 
Unf*. 715 

MALLORV PARK: Mato Pite RMog (20 Ihm): 

1. R Human (Hommons Honda BrltM ),1 rlnw 
4B5goc 2. R Mgrataall (Rotemam Hanoa 
BmaML- 3. U PhJhoe (Padgett Suzuki) 
Oramt 1 . Burnett. 33ws: 2. Martaal. 32; 8 R 
HasiamfEfl Hondo), 30. 2S0ec (38 tapat 1. D 
MeLaod Ama«n$. fftlM; 2. 

A Carter (Cabas); 8 < Nawton ($i«u istono 
Armstrong). Owdfe i. McLeod. 36: 2. C 
Pogeny pramahaj ana G Noel (Dacante). 25. 
Race of (he Vaor (2S lapafc 1, MaratUL 
22 - 1 5: 2 . K Schwantz (Guzutuj; 8 Phttps. 

Bid G00 

Crawstiaw 90): 2. 

BHIGBNO: WeW ShOOtofl COteRfl fiw- 
mge champtoasrtps; Smaebore rifle: R 
Jonns ILonglevrenj. 130. Smat-MiT plant K 
Money (Cheiwnnom). 197 H> rifle; IScartxtr- 
Ouan km Wycomwa 2&5. FeS-bora rid*: S 
MC0B ((%rBU. 74. Cfof ptgOM P H0WM 



CBJEEtfBCLUftPraajdanfa Cup: firm roand 

(GB orwxa A C Lo«;a w J D 6- 

0. 6-2; J S Mate Di G Bradteid (Aug). 64). 

R C MacSenaa ot R Howe fust 6-1. 6-1: MF 
□ail M R M Cowper (Aua). 62. 61 : K 
IWtotom (US) « M Hayward (AaaJ. 68 63: 
PG5eab>ooLMPIWiae«r(Au8i. 61.61;N 
Dancy Bt D Waflace |AUSK 64. 68. 68 J P 
Snow M M Hdpoell (AusL 3-6. 64 63. 
I> » <mJIi uIi - Tomb h». IM> ,63, .61, 

MONTE CARLO: Volvo llonu Carta (foen: 
Hrst reuad: P Arrays (Peru) tt J Poser (Frt. 6 
4. 63. H da la Pena (Am) M M Westphal (WG), 
6 2. 63: M SrMwr Jcq a j Gunnarason 
(Swe). 64. 61: JWasak (Sum) a L Duncan 
(US). 6 1 . 6-4: T Mececxa (Wt3) a F Cwxwtoo 
tm. 74 64 T Muner (Auetna) a L Pmefc 
(Czl 61. 61: K Carisson (Sw«) a S CuaB 

££ 0smti " J arow ' 
b-3, 62: F Luna (Sst fat 5 Ertrsson (SweL 61 
62; J l»aga (PW iVw J BarOou (3pL 7-SJ4 
6a T Bermairtee (FT) a H Schwawr (Vi^fr 


















































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p to a 

Is for 

•s are 

wit hi 
is. Mr 

r) — 

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h his 
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5 >nJKl 

ni rriMF— ^ avapru.^1^ 


pinoin to ride high on Bold Illusion adyance 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

and no weight concession now 
been raised for 

Whatever else happens in his 
career. Luigi Riggio, Henry 
Candv's promising young ap- 
prentice. will always 
good reason to remember 
Bold Illusion with affecuon. 

Last summer the Shropshire 
trainer. Malcolm Eckley. was 
so impressed by the 
this young man had nden 
Going Going to win the Steve 

Donoughue * ppr c!l!lm 
Handicap for Candy at Epsom 
that he immediately snapped 
him up to partner Bold Illu- 
sion in a similar race at 
Chester three days later. 
Riegio repaid that compli- 
ment by riding another wc«- 
lent race, displavingablendo 
confidence and judg^m 
that belied his relative 

Not surprisingly E«ley 
again turned to Riggio to 
Fanner Bold Blusion^at 
Leicester lastmonthandagmn 
he was rewarded to the JiU- At 
Epsom today Riggio will be on 
Bold IUnsion once more m the 
Great Metropolitan Handicap 
and I nap them to pull off 
another triumph. 

Neither the soft ground nor 
the distance will pose a prob- 
lem. So with Ri£&o claiming 
his full 71b allowance. Bold 
Illusion will be carrying only 
7st 11b. With that feather- 
weight he should prove very 

hard to catch in the straight on 
ground that will be testing .It 
is also worth pointing out that 
since winning at Leicester he 
has shown himself to be hale 
and hearty by running another 
excellent race at Liverpool to 
finish second to Jobroke over 

hurdles. . . 

If form means anything at 
all Record Win should not 
beat mv nap because he has 
five lengths to make up on 
him on their Leicester running 

that he has — „, r 
winning at Warwick himself. 

Like Bold Illusion, both 
Seven Swallows and 
Thaichingly have shown 
themselves in vanning form 

this spring, but over only 0 

furlongs not a mile and a half. 
Over today’s trip Bold fusion 
is much preferred. Having 

also been bundling "pie Foot- 
man will be as hard as_ nails, 
unlike the Novemlxr handi- 
cap winner. BoldRex. wna 
might well need ^ “ 
tighten him up after ms 
winter's rest. 

With 21 hopefuls still stand- 
ing their ground . this year s 
Cffv and Suburban Handicap 
is as open a race as you 
find all season. In going for 
Kazarow I am acutely aware of 


raced over a mile and la 

quarter let alone won over it. 
. . h,c trainer. 

certainly point w de fect 

Knzarows dam, Sadara, was 
by Alcide. 

Also I have to sav that 
Kazarow was certainly not 
flagging at the end of a mile 


Easter Monday, where 
Alquirm was one of those not 
for behind. Anyone who pro; 
fere to take less of a chance 
will probably favour the 
SUe and distance winner, 
Nebris. who was also seen in 
good form at Kem^on. wtn- 
nine the Rosebery Handicap. 
Were he to land today s race as 
well he would become the first 
boree since Hotroy in 1967 to 
pull off the Rosebery -City 

and Surburban double. 

As far as the Princess Biza- 
beth Stakes is concerned the 

his Derby 


Correspondent. Pans 




April 7. 

Biaxtoone is keen to rua h» 
colt over 

pQiKT-T g^ggjl 

Floating Around 
gives ScouUer 
more to celehra 

Later m with 

in'5T^15 0 Si , wSS , » 


Sanmta?. and** 

ran*! U, S5 um fi£» for the 

best form is boasted by 
Chernicherva, Entrancing, 
Land of Ivory, Light Bee and 
Zalatia. Of those only Zalatia 
has been seen this season- And 
that was a week ago at 
Newmarket where she made a 
good impression when run- 
ning away with the Geoffrey 
Barling Stakes. 

However, I am goineputon 
a limb perhaps in 



Doncaster victory » this afternoon's City and 

dent, told me that 
opinion Kick -pie HjJ* 
the makings of a good fiLy. 
And that was precisely what 
she looked at Newmarket last 
autumn when, in her only 
so far. she finished fifth be- 
hind Dancing Brave. 

At Nottingham I fancy 
•Whisky Eyes town the Little 
John Novices Chase. 
r hie first chase at Stratford. 

Electing he then reverted to h^hng 

a uinu »«-■■■•£- :« wg f or a short spell and justmea 

Kick The Ha ^ de jj° allow- the decision by running third 

receiving a 
ance from 

the other five. 
Yesierdav" George Robinson, 
Newmarket correspon- 


Televised: 2.35, 3.5, M5. *-«> 

behind Motivator in the Cbral 
Golden Hurdle final at Chel- 

fiai™ss 5 S 5 BE 

mwsi9£lwon WframAppw 

Course spedalists 


S^b;f^i^ nl27 - ,9 - 7% - 


•rs 'i&nsszstt- «. 

Irani 124. laS 6 "- 


rtfnrm. 33 ITOJ^ 

TS^“«: C Grant. 32 from 212. w-l «■ 

HSWand Spring 

De^Trial »t UiigBeM «d*« 
Mecca Dante Stakes at Tow* 
May meeting- Htrwwr* 
have to come toon ^ n ! 0 2 
trial with some 
to have the 

trained Mazman, the moont of 
Alain Leqaeox. to beat. 

Quick return 
for away day 

The long °P 

tend of Walter Bolma^aiWM^ 

York hotelier, ws nnde worth- 
while when hisL^ch 
1 chance, beat Chummy s P«by 
three lengths “ the N^^ 
n-nrick Stakes al Edtawrscb 
^tenta)* Raas was *“*"5 
backed from 6-2 dowojo 6-t 
favourite, but 

side the last lor long to Finish 
f °Mark Birch, riding ^ ^ 

winner of the season. sIkkLoA 

Form into the lead orcr a 
oat. The Mahon trainer. Cotta 
Tinkler, was landtag his first 

Loch Form at handicaps- 


Gnuycr, who 



be fh? ! i t S^ds were part*«: 

SZzJL&trg g 


SSS ftost Chapa OAmoor. 
Posset Pv*- . 

CMnRDQG W5 jBgjOffiS* 

Urad- UnW Wt 



right {QBflwgf* -ace. Robert 
thcadja^ turn in 

Girdmcr M $ 

three Rnces »»■**** no 

comfortaWj ”*22^ Wi « t5Sl 
bv four lengt hs from 

His wi» nan 2!l5 - .SSSe 

to three for onens tore 

asMtfw Fdton. 

g* first BBsaccewfid day otuie 

. season. 

Poney. A#i«n 


t A 

Tmgo. wo t ^ 


WTO* ux^Lwmr ^ 


*a il .‘SSS£S5»- . . . .... 

hick hwwcw aw* (nfl32sn 


Going: soft 

Draw: low numbers oesi 

r-i npy raam |M BMiami M BnttonS-3 m wgtaunS 

: wtk m 5 

flU l TtKXttas 9 

^wirwaisR'isA.-S" — 




- 1C2 
• IDS 














Edinburgh results 



Ei 80 fwmner or second won any omi- 


HuK l uN e d H 

Going: soft 

0^744:2m) (12 runners) 


awAiiBrs Gffr J 5 e ®5 

I E feES WSBSSttSgei 


Epsom selections 

•'.By Mandarin , .. 

«^»X= ONlMP,A - 

, , BnM Illusion. 4.10 Reddr ^ AAD SHADES OF BLUE fWI_ 

a Bm^ssgte=r» 8 i 

S22 HmmJt S»iprrcHH>PJ(BPBnis)MHayiw*7-M • * 1fHuHer11 

S2S REAR ACTION (0 HuiwdflU) R G IGng (3^16 

m i«Wl obvW E ddery 08 

18 Bffi gssygsaBESrB^K*- — BT ^; 

S BBW8B!iSBa5te=si) 

n M»*A LISA (Rottvafc’ B Thomson 

BSlnr* ~ — 

i5-8 Chewwchenia. 3- Wiwi. * 
i0-l Land ol Ivory. 12-1 omers. 

PeiEddwy ^ 

?OTo55S»fB) P.wyg??B Z^JVSsSS'is 

"HfwWd w fgrfgrt 


U 1 1«n4ft ^SII^_JWMgY(N ] 

Con nor ion. 11 2 . k- 


. ' nn. • ebaSASS (D NlChOlS 

gSPaaf iSofo^ ^ 

^^n)1. TAYUWWOE^ Jj 

2 0l« 


7 1210 imjBG-. 

I? m jctaW p kbmm 

; i 

» pSSSmSsTIUfn.109^ 

HaU^VScSw flftW 

Nottingham selections 

By Mandarin - L ._ . 

pSS ' 4 ,5 

TnAamelody. A.45 Keldlaads. 


03) — *«*e™wT«4 - 

3,15 FRIAR 

•U rou*JEsasM.a>Pi^ 

j H* 

is ona 

■ 27 WP. 

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i ISS Ea^ niimmiiWO 

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it BSBgMSSffits Sr 

2 S Bffi^VJSSsa? 
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A«sH0wra® w* 51 novksehamdicap 

StS=. = r'B9 , 4 

SSmt ESQUIRE pm *^* 0 ' 

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30300- THE.GAME1 1 UPJB1 

I Haynes 
>-7-10 .... 


_ R Fo*1 
T WKsms 7 


- "KS3R.I 

! "-=^ >ss£! ' 
22# W02JI SS l £i5X l R.^Si^un3«»on 6f-3 

0 Carter 14 


10-1 Abu Kadra & Tabardar. 12-1 aiher;- 

, «&mrtc (B- 2 )l 2 ran. Kampton im h ^ 


p Sketton {7} 15 

I a B»miSsS“ss==:« » M . * 

MS great metropolitwhandicap 





none SHARP NOBLE (USA) [ShoAh Monanwd Al Sabah) 


/2400- KOFP!,^, 
12031- BOLD REX 

mt mss ^ ssg^S^s^ 

PW Eddwy J 

W Canon 2 



,40-1 P CoohS 

4*13 — J****'?! 

M sss BisafeBhswfaaK- 

w CTramcal Products Ltd! R ^^^^^Qpfiobinson 10 


1230-1 SEVEN! 

03000- otrews PRIDE (Venture r 

. j beaten 2341 

4^0 KINGS WOOP H ANDICAP Wj»«ga__ _ S CmiOwn 6 



C Rutter 15) 13 

N Adam 5 

Pet Eddery 12 

SanaSo ° B, ^£«2«L oSSSon Gap 
Counties. Fw«wa, GjtagM" «{£ 

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321 SKwHiSKi To ^ Atwnaon) « Bolton s-< 

3000-2 SHADES OF BLUE panewdon Consultants 

«K 000042 BBi£ TOWER (I^QSn^R^^ 2 

si w^mms^ 

614 W^- tlS* 

615 W**t. HS2«5sStre^ (USA 1 IP StwajDWwSjman *2-11 — - 

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S Wtdtxmh 1J 
„ T WBfanns 7 
S Damon . . 


leacnefc 03 
_ J Lowe 11 


618 00000 HENRY’S VBm J RE ^ ( T^Irt ^ )K Bde Towr, 8-1 VW 
s Wh8re ' 

5 i.-K 

Pearw tf 


Hand, ‘ 


Ren. y »v ,f b. " > cM7Qff ~El" 10L £2-20. 

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it tSSuN ifcs Prj 0 "^^* jfi 6 " 8 RoSmSldr 

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EDWBURQit M RMS- 4-30 K 0 Wand- 
60 Single Hand. , 


intamaHonal AssociBtos is a consortium of 4 Architectural mid Engineering Firms 
n^riarf* ers Sarine hie. Ismafl, Boutain. We - are currently acting as site 
Btnwinskxi managers on a mutt-miKon dollar governmertt housma/bommsHty 
dlwSopment in ^uiS Arabia and are seeking qualified candidates to tin the 
tallowing pcsttions:- 

SEMOR ARCHITECT - Universtty Degree/Riba, must be registered or chartmed 
architect with e mimmiim o» 10 years eacpertoce. central office based. 

SENIOR QUANTITY SURVEYOR - University Degree/Arics/Mdob with a . 
minimum of- 10 years past qualification experience, centra} office based. 
QUANTITY SURVEYOR - (2 No. rqd) - University Degree/Arics/Mdob with a . 
minimum of 5 years experience, (part qualified wB be consid er ed^ Site based. 
CIVIL ENGINEER - University Degree/Mice with a minimum of 5 yens 
qualification experience, must be fhimKar with waste, (sewage). 

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER - University Degree desirable but not essential. 
School Certificate acceptable wtti e trammum of three yeans progr ammi n g two of 
which Should be with Hewlett Packard Equipment 

Salaries Lower (E22JJOO) to (26^)00) Upper - Depending upon position and 

AU positions offer 8 1 year contract with single status, housing, tranportsfion/or 

transportation ahowanoe. 

Interested applicants should send curriculum vitae to Idea International sttn. 
Mr M*e Kafber, Gordon House, 10 Gnwneoat Macs, Find Floor, 
London SW1, ENGLAND. Tele: 834 3383. Tetaoc 884393 IDEA UK. 

PAY APRIL 22 1986 

H radio nroerammes 


Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

BBC 1 


leavers without 




MS MBw»Tii*hJuaaS(»tiBnfffle 
and John Humphry®. 

3J3S The Kenny Everett 

comedy front the 

Z3fc Duty fine*. Comedy series 
- about two British couples 
on hofiday together to 

re for her 

ALSO FBm 86 Introduced 
- MichaelPartdnaon. 
are reviews of Marie - A 


on betas of tto 

1020. mws] with Anstair Burnet 
and Pamela Arm s trong. 

1050 Rm: Avalanche Express 
(1979) starring Robert . 
Shaw and Lee Marvin- A 
top-tevei Russian detector 
« escorted to the West by 
a member of the United 
States Security Force. 

Due to bad weather the 
only way to freedom is by 
tram. Directed by Meric 
■ Robson. 

1225 Night Thought* 




t* *>< 

Mlcfcael Ferldasoo: F32u «; 

BBC 1, 1050p» 

•sntmg alongside me at to» 
preview of frames Television's 
(fTV, 9.00pm). a cofeague 
.woifctog on a tabloid that is much 
gfvsn to sensation could 
scarcely c ont ai n hi mself wWi 
excitement at the discovery 

he thought he had mededhat 

independent Wsvtoion rad 
scooped the BBC to getting the 
only tfltovteksn Intends* wSh 
iheOioan as pert of her 805i 
birthday cetebr*tfons.The 
truth is somewhat less 
sensational Her Majesty Is 
seen at Sandringham, watching a 
television ram about her 
Commonwealth odysseys, and 
confiding her thought* to 
someone unseen and 
unheard. Had my tatotoktal 
ccflssgue been overwhelmed by 

the Queen's informality, and 


ease of reminiscence. ^ could 
only have agreed with tarn. 
Similarly. had he been impressed 
by the tong roster of heads of 
slate and government who 
pracbcsSy queue up durinn 
the ftm to pay homage to Her 
Majesty (here, too, there to an 
absence of stiffness. I hope > ant 
quoting the New Zealand PM 
comsctiy when I say that I heard 
him describing the Queen as 
a bit of glue that permeates 
through the Commonwealth 
institutions), I would have thrown 
in my lot with him and said 
what a perceptive scribe he was. 
-•HEMAT (B8C 2 920pm), 
after three episodes, has already 
established ttsoH as probably 
the most intell i gent, sensitive and 

detailed soap-opera ever i have a 
reservation about it it is 
about the technique of going 
from black-and-white to 
colour and back again. Although 
the director. Edgar Reitz, has 
explained his reasons for the 
colour changes - to point up 
the shifts in mood and narrative 
viewpoint - 1 stii! find them 
arbitrary and irritating. 

Otherwise, nothing but 

•Radio choice: Rossini's 
Stabat Mater, under Sir John 
Pntchard'S baton, wfth BBC 
SO and Chorus (Radio 
3.8.15pm). and Every Scrap / 

Can Get, Kenneth Hudson s 
feature about a printed 
ephemera collector 
extraordinary. John Johnson. 
(Radio 4. 8.30pm) 

Peter Davalle 

BBC 2 


M 4i %3 


Radio 4 



sat feiasa 

On long wave. VHF variations a! end 


5£5 Shfppfng. WO News Briefing; 
Weather. 8.10 Fanning 
toctoy. 825 Prayer to) 

&30 Today, tod BJtt, 7.30. 

820 News. 8X5 
Business News 6S5» 725 
Weather. 720. 8JJ0 
News. 720 Letters. 725, 

&2S Sport. 725 Thought 
for the Day. 235 Yesterday 
weather. Travto 
200 News 

205 Tuesday Cat: 01 >580 

4411. A chance for 
Bstaners co express their 

views, end question 
experts, about a subject of 
current interest 
1200 News: From our own 
Correspondent. Ufe and 
poetics abroad, reported by 

ftftn torulfifl 


1230 Morrang Story: The Jazz 
Man by Peter finch. 

Reader Roger NotL 
1245 Daily Service from 
Chester (s) 

1120 News: Travel: TWrry- 
mmute Theatre: The 
Diary of Lorraine Biggs by 
Andrew Ksmbafi. VWh 
Wm Clifford in the tide role. 
1123 The Living WOrid 
presented by Peter 
France Is) 

1200 News: You and Yours. 

Consumer programme. 

1227 Brain of Broni 888. 
Nationwide general 
knowledge contest first 
round; South. 12^5 
Weather; Travel 
1.00 The WOruet One: News 
12S A Party Political 

Broadcast by the Labour 

1.40 The Archers. 155 


Fi i • ' ill 1 1 * , W,__ 


200 News: Woman's Hour. 
Includes a dtatprooecs 
report on Haalher Godwin 
200 Nam; The Afternoon 
Ptay. Midstream by 
Midiael VOysey. WWi David 
Garth and Moir Leslie (S) 
200 News 

405 Tha Local Network. Paul 


Local Radio stations, gats a 
fresh perspective on a 
topic of current Interest 
400 Kaleidoscope. Last 

705 The Archers 

700 file on 4: Nicaragua - 
Could « many threaten 
America? A report by Stuart 

800 Medicine Now (Gooff 
Watts reports) 

230 The Tuesday Feature: 

Every Seep l Can Get. A 
portrait of John Johnson 
who started a collection 
of pnnted ephemera now 
houses at Oxford 
University's Bodleian 

200 In touch. For people with 
a visual nanscap. 

230 Living Reality. The Chief 
Rabb. Sir tmmanual 
Jakobovrts. explains why the 
meaning cf the Passover 
f estival remains so important 
to the Jewish people. 

245 Kaleidoscope, wrth Paul 
Allen. Includes comment 
on the exhibition 30 Years 
On. at the Design Centre, 
and House and Home on 

1215 A Book et Bedtime: Mr 
Wakefield's Crusade (2). 
Read by John Rowe 1229 

1230 The VWxki Tonight 

11.15 The Financial world 

1150 Today m Parliament 

1200 News; Weather. 12-33 

W (available m England and 
S Wales onM as above 
except: 5.55-LoOpm Weather; 
Travel. 11JHM2JM For 
Schools: 11 M Drama 
Resources (sj 11-20 
Drama Resources (s) 11.40 
Listening to Music 1.55- 
350pra For Schools 155 
Listening Comer. 2JM) 
Teenage Plays (s) 2-30 
Patterns of Language: 

245 Patterns of Language: 
&50-5.55 PM (continued). 

11 JO-1 210am Open 
University: 11 JO Open 
Forum: 11 JO Rutherford and 
the Atom 1230-1.10 
Schools Night-time 

9.05 This Week's Composers. 
Schola Canlcrum.Paris 
(J890S ro l970s)comp05Brs. 
Atoemz (El Puerto: 

Navarra-. Ahfta de Larrocha: 
piano). Magnard 
(Symphony No 3) 

1200 Sir Yehudi Menuhin: 
Wienizwski (Legends. 

Op 17: Manuhin.viOin with 
PMharmoma). Mozart 
(Violin Concerto No 5 in A n 
219: Menuhin with Bath 
Festival Chamber Orchestra) 
1240 John Gardner; Four 

wanton ballads and other 
performed by the BBC 

11.10 Bochmann Stnng 
Quartetwitn Robm 
CamenoOoe). David 
Campbell (darmet). 

Mozart (Oboe Quartet in F, K 
370). Steptoe (Suite for 
string quarret.ctonnet.Qboe). 
Weber (Clarinet Quintet 
in B flat. Op 34) 

1210 Concert: BBC Concert 
Orchestra (under 
CJeoburyJ.Part one. 
Stravinsky (Pulonelia 

ballet suite).. Poulenc (les 

B»cnes). 1.00 News 
IjOS Concert :pan 2 

Tchaikovsky (Nutcracker 
Suite No 1). Massenet (Le 
Cid suite) 

1-50 Guitar Encores- Antnea 
Grttorfl plays works by 
Francs Pilkmgton, Berrios. 
Mtcnaei Berkeley and 
Bream arrangements of 
Mozart's Larghetto and 
Allegro, K 229 

220 Englisn Music:Smten (An 
Occasional Overture). 

Holst (Luilay my faking). Holst 
(Songs to poems by 
Humbert Wolfe: Norma 
Burrowes soprano). 

Philip Cannon (The Temple), 
Elgar (Symphony No 1) 

4JX) Bracha Eden and 

Alexander Tamir: piano 
duet Schumann (Bilder aus 
Osman. Op 66: Schubert 
(Divertissement in E minor. D 
823. Op 63) and Faure 
(Dolly Suite). 4£5 News 
200 Mamiy for Pleasure: 

music, presented by Brian 

230 Music in 14th century 
England: Htfltarti 
Ensemble and Musics Sacra 
Redivtva (2) Saints and 

7.00 A Russian Muse: Alex de 
Jonge in conversation 
with the Russian poet 
Joseph Brodsky, now 
living in the West 
7 JO BBC Symphony 
Orchestra (under 
Pritchard).wlth Felicity Lott 
(soprano), Anne Howells 
(mezzo).. Pear Undroos 
(tenor), John 
Tomhnsoo(bass). BBC 

£qwprd Munch. 

20»m Conn Berry(S)S30Ray 
Moore (SJ7-30 Der* W 

230 Ken Bruce (S) 11.0 0 JaW iy 
Young md medical queaows 
w. n. UUca Qrrwtn fs) 

{pKfito ngniuiw u 

Prune Tune: a touch of nowjpa - 
3JJ3 Party Political broatorast._. 

Cftalmera ind at 6.45 (mt omy) 
Sport and Classified Resuhs 
7M Bob Hoiness presents.. -With 
vocalist Selina Jones. Franck 
Thorejmaster of the soto pan 

Orchestra ( (5) 255 sports desk 

10.00 The Law Game. Shaw 
Taylor asks Mark Curry. Toni 
Arthur and Chris Serte for their 
verdicts on aome tricky taw cases 
1030 Dealing with Daniels: Paul 
Darnels, with Patrick Moore. Fem 
Britton and Tim Brooke-Taylor 

11.00 Brian Matthew (stereo from 
midnight) 1.00am Charles Nova 
presents Nightnde (s) 330-430 A 
Uttie Night Music (s) 

Radio 1 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end of Radio 1. 

News on the haH hour from 
230am until 230pm and at 1200 

6.00am Andy Peebles 730 
Adrian John 9.30 Sanon Sales, 
including your daily horoscope 
and the Birthday File. 1230 
Newsbeat (Frank Partridge 
1245 Gary Davies (Top 40 singles 
chart). Also the Cultural 
Afternoon Quiz and the Radio 1 
Day-to-Day Challenge. 330 
Steve Wright 530 Newsbeat (Fran 

ind at 630 a review of the new Top 
40 smgies chart 730 Janice 
Long ind John Walters' diary. 
1030-1230 John Peel (s). VHF 
RADIOS 1 4 2 430am As Radio 2- 
1200 As Radio 1 . 1200-4. 00am 
As Radio 2. 

Symphony Chorus. Part 
one. Haydn (Symphony No 

Radio 3 


535 Waather. 

830 News; Financial Report 
830 Jarvis's Frayn. A aeries 
of unguarded 
observations, with Martin 
Jarvis (e) 

730 News 

On medhmi wave. VHF variatiosns 
at end of RacfioS. 

255 weather. 7.00 News 

735 Morning Concert 
Rossini (Italian Girt in 
Algiers overture). Martinu 
(Flute Sonata: V&iek and 
Hala). Boccherini (Symphony 
in C. Op 12 No 3). 830 

835 Coneert(contd):Offen- 
bach (La belle Helene 
overture). Balakirev 
(Symphony No 1). 930 

7.55 Struggles with Richard 111: 

BiU Wallis in Carols 
Rosen's theatrical 
8.15 Concertpantwo. 

RossinK Stabat Mater) 

225 Musica Antique. 

Cologne: Domenico 
Scarlatti Concerto No 6 in D) 
- Handel (Four arias from 
Flavius. King of the 

10.00 Jazz Today: Charles Fox 
presents Courtney Pine 5 
1130 Bach: Yossi Zivoni 
(wotinipiays the Partita 
Nol inB minor 
1130 Another World: Monks 
from GyutoTantnc 
College in excerpts from 
Tibetan Buddhist 

11-57 News. 1200 Closedown 


200 Nawseesk 230 Counts rplnt 7.00 
News 739 Twenty- Four Hours 7 JO 
Bennd the Credits 7.45 network UK S00 
News 209 HeflecKons &1S Training for 
Tomorrow 8J0 Opera by InGtUmentaMO 
News 838 Renew of the British Press 
9.1S The Work) Today 930 Financial 
News 9 l 40 Look Ahead 246 What's Now 
moo News 1031 Dscovery 1130 News 
1139 News Aoout Britan 11.15 Wave- 
guide 1135 Letter FromScodana 1130 
Sports International 1230 Radio News- 
reel 1215 The Cheetah - Last of the 
Running Cots 1246 Sports Roundup 130 
News 138 Twenty-Four Homs 130 
'Network UK 145 Recording ot the Week 
200 Outlook 245 David Munrow 330 
Rado Newsreel 215 A Jolty Good Show 
430 News 439 Cpmrmntary 4.16 Omni- 
bus 5.45 Sports Roundup 745 Report on 
ReMfflon 830 News 939 Oimbus 930 
News 931 The Ortana 210 Book Choice 
215 Concert Hall 1030 News 1039 The 
Work) Today 1225 A Letter From Scot- 
land 10J0 Flnanoa) News 1240 Reflec- 
tions 1245 Spans Roundup 1130 News 
1139 Commentary 11.15 The Classic 
Albums 11.30 The Cheetah - Lest of the 
Running Cats 1230 News 1239 News 
Aoout Britain 1215 Radn Newsreel 1230 
Omnibus 130 News 1 01 Outlook 130 
Report on Refagun 1.45 Country Style 
200 News 23? Review of the British 
Press 218 Guitar mterhide 230 Pride and 
Prejudice 330 News 339 News About 
Britain 215 The World Today 4.45 
Financial News 435 Reftectione 530 
News 539 Twenty-Four Hours 245 The 
World Today. AH tfanae in GMT. 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1:1053kRz/2Km;f089kHz/27Sm; Radio Z 693kHz/433m; 909kH/433 m: Radio 3t WF -Q0- 

3ZS: Radio 4c 200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-95; LBC: 1152kHz/261m; VHF 97.3; Capital: 154fflsHz/194m: VHF 95A BBC Radio London 
1458kHz/206m: VHF 943; Worfd Serrica MF 648kHz/463m_ 

n t w e VfjU ii 




Hotel 1225a» News. I 

Crossroads 1235am Company 

IS^123^30SW Choice 130 
News 130-230HOW 330-430 Sons 
jmd Daughters 530-245 Crossroads 
630 Today Sod* West 225 
TatoMws 230-730 Carson's Law 200- 
200 T J Hooker 1225am Postscript 




C aS«St WK 

732 Mam Thu A Sat 230 

e p eyp r -maxim ace Orftor 

01-990 2S7S m cau zstioar 7 
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by Larry Kra mer 
pmt from lSkw-rtPenead 




S36 Z294 CC 340 9661 
741 9099 / 3*0 7200 Eves B Mai 
TIM 3 Sal fi * 830 


Ssndard Draiu Awards 


As Presley 



4ltd OC 01-836 9987/5645 First 
C*ll >CC 2* nrsl 01-240 7200 

W<sl “**» 2 - so - AGNEW GALLERY 43 OM Bond 

mJn& _ xenon ?•£} 

***** CAOtXL ^SSNWUtSSg^IrS 

* SHa JOHN MAPPER recent 

MARCIA WARREN waiercolour*. unul la May. 

m Mon Fn <5 so s 50. Tnurs 

NOEL COWARD'S until 6 30 lexcepi 1 May umu 


"riRsr class, amcnr. hvteo . 

ENJOY ABUE—r.T Over too I D-rmq Si W1 Riwca W t H — ■ 
Perte. | JU9> * BOWK. 499 4100 





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bn 8.0 MW wed 3 6 6M 6 
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end Of September 

734 8961 FHW Cell 24 Hr 7 Days 
CC 896 346* GTP Sale* 930 6123 


Opens I* M*y 41 »sm _ 
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SAVOY Box Olltcr Ol -856 8868 
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the jgiS&t 1 TIMES 

Bailey swells 

the sick-list 

The England squad's train- 
ing on the Monday morning 
before an international would 
not be the same if it was not 
followed by an extensive med- 
ical bulletin. Yesterday was no 
exception. Bobby Robson, the 
manager, admits that the an- 
nual fixture against Scotland, 
to be staged at Wembley 
tomorrow night has “taken a 

^Sol^as usual, have several of 
the England players. The most 
serious injury occurred to- 
wards the end of the practice 
that was held in pouring rain 
at Bisham Abbey. Bailey, act- 
ing as a mobile barrier and 
coated in mud, fell awkwardly 
on the sodden turf and lad to 
be carnal off on a stretcher. 

Bailey had twisted his right 
knee, which remained locked 
in a bent position, and it is 
thought that he may have 
damaged a cartilage. He 
staved at the teams hotel 
overnight and will travel back 
to Manchester this morning 
unless the problem straightens 
itself out. Eight years ago, he 
recalls optimistically, n did. 

Bailey. England's third 
choice and United's second 
choice goalkeeper, is out of 
tomorrow's match and could 
be out of consideration for the 
World Cup finals as welL 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

Robson has not yet planned to movement for up to 48 horns 

By pavid IVlUler 

On the main highway Mt of 
Cape Town last week a Cape 
Cohered factory worker by 
name of Solomon was 

summon a deputy. I m gomS 
to wait for 24 hours to give 
him every chance to 

recover "he said. 

He will give Francis the 
same opportunity. An X-ray 
examination yesterday morn- 
ing revealed that his injury 
was not as bad as was first 
reported. His cheek bone, 
though painful and badly 
bruised, is not fractured and 
he was able 10 fly from Italy 
later in the afternoon to join 

the party. , . 

Robson would clearly prefer 
to select Francis if he is fit- In 
the absence of Lineker and 
Woodcock, he would have no 
other choice but to ask either 
Barnes or Beardsley, both ot 
whom were involved in first 
division games last night, to 
play for the third time in five 

days. • . . 

The most obvious replace- 
ment is Cotlee, West Ham 
United's exciting young for- 
ward who is in prolific goal- 
scoring form, but he also was 
in action last night. Francis s 
hopes of appearing at Wem- 
bley tomorrow and in the 
World Cup squad on Monday 
will depend on his reactions 
during training this afternoon. 

Hoodie, still afflicted by a 
sore knee which restricts his 

Ferguson’s dilemma 

O . n tiai.iiaivwn.arE 

yesterday's training session 

wo„!d*say both art very doobtibl.” Richard Cooglu tte Dundee 

after playing, has been reiaea 
recently by Toucnhiiu 

Ho^urandalso by Robson 

yesterday. Hoddle pointed out 
that the complaint was not on 
his mind for the first time last 

Saturday and he will be 

aV So a Sill Waddle, his club 
colleague. After suffering from 
a debilitating virus since last 
month's trip to ^ Soviet 
Union, the “colour has n- 
turned to his cheeks and the 
spring to his step. 
said. He added; “I think that 
he needed to lose some weight 
anvway, if not as much as 

91b.” - 

Apart from those missing 
from his front line. En&Iands 
manager has lost Wright from 
his back four and Bryan 
Robson from his midfield. He 
expects to announce his line- 
up at noon and it should 
comprise Shilton, Stevens, 
Butcher, Watson, Sansom, 
Hoddle, Wilkins Hodgjp 
Hateley. Francis and Waddle. 

“With only a fortnight to go 
until the end of the season and 
this being designated as an 
international week, I antici- 
pated having all of my Pi®***'? 
available for one of the biggest 
games in the English 
calendar,” he commented. 
“But we have suffered some 
setbacks and so 'have the 
under-21 side. 

“It is a shame but the way 
our League football is run, 
what else can we expcctT 
Robson confirmed that the 
match against Scotland will oe 
decided, if necessary, by pen- 
alties rather than an extra halt- 
hour. “You don't think the 
players need any more foot- 
ball. do you?" 

trying ro hitch a lift 4S0 mBes 

w bmy WsS^-eaMftlnirth- 
er. who bad 
before. He ****** 
rand (4flp) « h* !>«**■ J 
workers' reap 25 ?®*!*'* rand. 
He is paid fortnight** - and 
oav daV was four days away. 
Then was no quest** of an 
advance from his employer. 

At the Western Transvaal 
Yacht <3d* where they wore 
staring one of the events of the - 
South Afrfcsm Games, 
the dderij while ste wardc on- 
frwaed * smaft gmnp of 
visitors: myself arri four Madt 
Swazi fellow journalists. 
Grudgingly, and only gw 
discovering that we were from 
the Press, did. be ajiow us ana 
the pavHiem saying to the 
Swans: “The results are over 
there -r if you can understand 


' i s 


The pain game: 

Injury pots paid to Bailey's training and possibly 

Mexico hopes (Photograph: 

The only hope: for South 
Africa, as one of the more 


Top riders 
set to 
test Kelly 

Lyle can bank on 
a merited bonus 


When Seko has the last 
word after coming first 

By Pat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent 

We were uol quite ready for . With even moreirnpecable 
c.wr Pmec mn- ummg ihan in ttis race, 

Toshihiko Seko’s Press con 
ference after he had win the 
London Marathon on Sunday 
morning. All that >*™ran 
talk 3bout the effects oF l.TOU 
vears of Buddhism, about his 
subservience to his coach and 
Zen master, his serious face at 
the start, and metronomic 
pace at the end despite the 
pain from an injured foot and 
an over-fast first half leu 
everyone to expect ihe typical 
inscrutable Japanese. 

Not so. Seko, pronounced 
with a short *e' rather than like 
the watches that the BBL 
commentary team were adver- 
tising, was a model of relaxed 
humour. Looking much youn- 
ger than his 29 years, he 
listened patiently to long- 
winded questions, answering 
affablv through His interpret- 
er, and even once interjecting 
in English to a shorter ques- 
tion. “Yes. 1 will run 10.000 
metres in Oslo this summer . 

and Glynnis Penney were 
selected by England for the 
left the iaugh uniil last Trying Commonwealth Games .n 
to solicit some onenlal » B !j!* u ^. s j 0 „, have 

d ™,man r aSlrf as bcln confimted as Hugh Jones 

SFiSf isa tissrf 


By John Wilcocksoo 

A battle between the double 
Tour de France winner. Lau- 
rent Fignon. the 1985 winner, 
Pedro Delgado, and the world 
No. 1. Sean Kelly, is expected 
in the 41st Tour of Spain, 
which starts today with a 3.s 
mile time-trial at Palma, 

M tlasTvear Robert Millar, of 
Scotland was robbed of vic- 
tory in the race by a coalition, 
of Spanish teams on the 
penultimate stage- He has not 
shown his best form yet this 
season and he said yesterday 
that he was apprehensive 
about the Spanish race. 

Forthe first time, the Vuelia 
(as the race is called in Spam) 
has been given an equal 

By Mitchell Platts 
Sandy Lyle will be paid er this 
£25.000 before he hits a baU in 
his first-round match against 
Christy O'Connor junior in 
the Epson Grand Pnx of 
Europe maichplay champion- 
ship, which will start at St 
Pierre, Chepstow, on May 9. 

Lyle, the Open champion, 
thoroughly earned that sum by 
finishing No. 1 in Epson 
Order of Ment in 1985. He 
collects the rewards simply by 
playing at St Pierre. But 
Bernhard Langer and 
Severiano Ballesteros, second 
and third in the 1985 money- 
list, have decided not to 
compete, toereby forfc^g 
their bonuses of £15,000 and 
£12.000 respectively. 

Epson, who committed 
themselves to a £3 million 

standing with the much older budget, including £787,000 in 
Tour of Italy in the Super l — u. when sienina a 

Prestige Pernod competition, 
which encompasses the 

30 most important carrots in terms of appearance 

told around 10 hours, he 
shook with laughter and said, 
“Get something to eat You 
must be very hungry. 

Despite the ‘stomach ail- 
ment that forced her to drop 
out after about four miles, 
Veronique Marot, as holder of 
the national best of 2hr 28min 
4sec was considered the only 
woman of sufficient standards 
to go to the European champi- 
onships in Stuttgart this sum- 
mer. Priscilla Welch prefers to 
pursue prize-money on the 
United Stales roads, while 
Sally Anne Hales is finishing 
her last vear of medical stud- 
ies. Sarah RowelL Julia Gates 

pre-selection of Charlie 
Spedding for Edinburgh 
Chris Brasher, the mara- 
thon director, reiterated yes- 
terday the danger to next 
year’s London race tn 
wake of the GLCs dissolu- 
tion. Without the use of 
County Hall. Festival Hall 
and the surrounding areas, 


races. . , .. .. 

Kelly is again leading tne 
competition despile not scor- 
ing points last Sunday when 
he was deprived of a chance ot 
victory in the Lifige-Bastogne- 

m Don" Pinchbeck, the general 
manager of Epson (UK) Ltd., 
the computer company, saio. 
“The game of golf is more 
important than any one indi- 

V IVWI T M ft I - I i 

Liaise classic because of me- viduaL We are extremely hap- 

■ • 'I U^,r I .... KolH ” 

chanical problems. 

Kelly explained; l was 
ahead of Argentin, the eventu- 
al winner, when 1 changed 
gear on the last big dimb. and 
chain went into the 


ana uic --j- snokex. The team mecnamc 

h S a S 

mountainous race titan last 
year so I think I have a good 
chance of winning. I do not 

py with our field. 

The absence of Langer mid 
Ballesteros has lifted the prize 
fund from £100,000 to 
£127.000. In 1987, there wiU 

be a substantial increase with 

£250,000 on offer, and the 
winner of this year’s Epson 
Order of Merit will receive 
£35,000 simply for teeing up. 
Epson are correct to consid- 

to be an attractive 
formula, although the ques- 
tion of appearance money 
continues to cause controver- 
sy. with a solution unlikely 
while some company chair- 
men command their special 
events departments to entice 
the leading players to 

The irony is that , 50 
leading players willingly ad- 
mit that the European- game 
would be stronger if there was 
no appearance money whatso- 
ever. At the same time, they 
insist that there are still too 
many clandestine _ deals to 
justify taking an individual 

stand. • , 

Meanwhile, the Whyte and 
Mackay PGA Championship 
at Wentworth, the next lour 
event in Britain after toe 
Epson tournament, have still 
announce "their field, 
it seeems that they, 

too, mi_ 
approach regarding appear- 
ance money. If that is the case, 
Ballesteros and Langer will 
not be seen in Britain until the 
Dunhill Masters in Jjme . 

Ken Schofield, the PGA 
European Tour executive di- 
rector, has also stated that he 
will not offer any European 
tour member a release from 
the PGA Championship so 
Lyle, if he dedines to. com- 
pete, could be sitting in his 
home on the Wentworth Es- 
tate while the tournament 
unfolds no more than a driver 
and an eight-iron shot away 
from him. 


England in 
at the 
deep end 

By REcliaid l&loa 

progressive white sports ad- 

SSktramrs said dispassion- 
ately of his own parents, » 
whe n this generation has died. 

Go to Wiwatersand Universe 

ty and seethe fou^te competi- 
tions, with wholly integrated 
audience, cmnpetiWis and 
fudges- within a single non- 
racial -federation, and yon 
tuow that there is long-term 

Can tine enough be gained 
if nistifiable town- 

England's depleted Thomas 
Cup team will plunge straight 
into the humid cauldron of the 
famous Istora Senayan to play 
their important match against 
Malaysia in their opening 
encounter in Jakarta tomor- 


prize-money, when signing 
three-year agreement, opted 

not to dangle any jm«r ^ 

T °In the two previousThomas 
Cups England beat Malaysia, 
first to reach the last four and 

subsequently to. w in the 
bronze medal. The odds, how- 
ever, will be against miner 
happening again. ■■ 

Missing from the. Thomas 
and Uber squads are Nora 
Perry .who won her wand 
doubles title in the same 
stadium six years ago, and 
Martin Dew, the' European 
mixed doubles champion* 
whose disagreements with the 
manager, Jake Dowitty, have 
never been satisfactorily 

will be Dew’s partner, Dij 
Tailor, and the charismatic 
Steve Butler, who . was 

England's outstanding, singles 

player last time, losing only 
once. The last-momem re- 
placements are Richard 
Outterside and Mike Brown, 
with a 

.8#% 3 % 6% 

At this rate 
you wont have 
enough left 
to live on. 

next year. 

In all the marathon hype, 
another tremendous road race 
viciorv for Steve Hams, the 
best of his career got over- 
, looked on Saturday afternoon. 
Harris won the Perugia 17km 
race in Italy, a very hilly event, 
in 51 min 46setr, but far more 
impressive than that time is 
l the list of world-class perform- 
i ers behind Harris. 

Mike Musvoki was second, 

I Jon Solly, the other great 
young British 5,000 metres 
hope for this summer was 
1 third. Behind them were Some 
Muge and Paul Kipkoech, ol 
Kenva. and Mark Nenow. of 
the 'United Slates. Fernando 
Mamcde, the world 10.0UU 
i metres record holder, was 
| seventh, and John N’Gugi, the 
I world cross country champion 
could only finish 1 7th. 


chance — . — - . 

consider Fignon to be a big 
threat- He has come back 
quickly after his knee opera- 
tion and I do not think he is 
strong enough yet , t0 , w1 ° ^ 
three-week race. Delgado and 
Millar will be my mam oppo- 
nents, along with Ruiz- 

Pella Ruiz-Cabestany brief- 
ly held the lead in the Vuelia 
last year, and this tall Basque 
rider will benefit from the four 
lime-trials which represent 
one of the keys to victory. 

It should be a fascinating 
race but it is my guess that the 
all-round qualities of Kelly 
will enable him to celebrate 

Professional move 

Seoul (Reuter) - A ptan to 
open the Olympics to profcs- 
sional athletes is expected to 
be endorsed by a majordy of 
sports officials from 152 coun- 
tries meeting here this week. 

with a glass of sherry when the 

race finishes 



If you invested your retirement capital in a building 
society, your income will have dropped considerably in 
recent months. 

Interest rates paid on ordinary share accounts have 
slumped from SUTo to 6“o- 

Thats a substantial cut in income on top of years of 
inflation. It graphically illustrates the long i 
short term risks of investing solely in a building society. 

But there is an alternative to erosion on this scale. 

Talk to Hill Samuel. We can help preserve your 
capital and maintain your standard of living. 

Conquest Norman is 
hoping to achieve 


Call »s for a friendly chat. « ithout^bligatfon_ II P^;^“ST"dedj'afton 

By Colin McQuillan 

Ross Norman is a slightly 
retiring figure when he is off 
ihe squash court, given to easy 
acquiescence or phlegmatic 
rejection of others’ planning. 

If one had not seen him ^ ^ ^ 
practice his craft, it might be p^ew 
tempting to view the 27-year- ^ t0 j, 
old New Zealander as some- 
thing of a soft touch. 

Those who face him in 
combat learn to fear his 
phenomenal athletic strength 

r . i ■ ■ i_i„ iiuliMtinn 

South Africa but won any- 
thing else not entered by the 
.orid champion. 

If eventually approved by 
the IOC possibly at the full 
session to be held in Switzer- 
land in October, the proposals 
will finally dispose of the 
amateur code which has been 
the cornerstone of the Gaines 

The IOC hope highly-paid 
sports stars such as the foot- 
baller, Diego Maradona, and 
tennis player, Boris Becker, 

in the face of just . 

shin unrest and violence, of 
teeoagerc hdl-bent ^ on the 
destratioaoffbe regime? 
townships, with their degrad- 
ing conditions, are im mure aB- 
riSenl than the whites are aD- 


I drove through Sowero/The 
rfanees at a white wert hostile 
SmTsuItai bat the duhbw ^ 
were ^ 

nophed. Ron Pickering s reti- 
amrthea television film, dora 
TlT the areas of 

Also absent through 

not show -ns the areas 
sSrrtTas WMUHdto « 
Cheadle or Esher. "The m- 


fight. The problem is therM 
longer haw confrol ***** 
SSSren,” Joe “Ole «on« 
Senakgoom, a former protes- 

sional middleweight boxer 

who has all. bis life in a 
township, said. 

When I went to a nrst 

division fOOlWl « 

Thokoza, one of four whites m 
a 15,000 crowd, and get a 
hard-boiled egg sand™’ 
bought at a sank 
movably stuck 
end could not breatiK, im 
B ateman was thoroughly pm- 
natnred and accommod a ti n gl y 

V • • 

S^ly ^psidoT foofc five slapped me 

players out of e«hL_ At an ice £**9 *' ^ 

Victory can prob ably o nly 
come with fine performances 
from all three singles players, 
Steve Baddeley, Nick Yates 
and Darren Hall. Defeat wift 
almost certainly deny England 
the chance of a medal because 
China, who will be trying to 
win back the title from the 
borne country, are in the same- 

will eventually be able to take 
part is the Games. 

Other proposals here in- 
dode one by Argentina to 
make Spanish an . o fficial 
Olympic language, along widi 
English and . - * rre ®^* 
Brisbane's bid for the 1992 
Olympics has been enhanced 
by the announcement of i»Zv 
million subsidy to bdp'teams 
travel to Australia. Israel has 
for the first time appealed 
directly to the worldwide 
Olympic community to . be 
readmitted to the Aswn 
Games following her eight- 
year exclusion. 

group. . . 

England’s women, who won 
the Uber Cuifsilver medal last 
time, also love an important 

first encounter, -^aina the 

home country, on Thursday. Ii 
they survive; the chances (n a 
medal will hang as they 4id 
last time on a maidi against 
the rapidly-improving; South 
Koreans. ‘ 

Perhaps the odds are against 

a repeat of the 3-2 wm ui 
Kuala Lumpur two years ago, 
although Helen . Troke, 
England's European champi- 
on. will, still . revel in the 
opportunity of bringing down 
the new all-England champion 
Kim Yun Ja. ~ 

was an emotional moment that 
makes »»ypre, of. wtetevw 
colour, grieve for tire wwmgs 
perpetrated by 

SSre^centori«-. TJ® 

Panthers, a adored 
Town group, performed ffl 
imtionaf costume to rhytiumc 
music. . The audience were 
mostly white, As jhe dawe 
reached a crescendo they oe- 
came. gripped: by ;.the perfor- 
■mum and finally 

spontaneous applause wtaca 
recognized- no barrios* It was 
not a pretence. 

Sooth Africa «s transparent 
lynot a foir ctiimtry.’We. know 
there are eauitininl 
•tiotw of non-whites. Yet there 
are <roongh whites gemu®w 
trying to achieve a p«w«m 
revolution to , deserve the op- 

portnuty to avoid a _ bww 

revolution, even if._ 
government s liberahzatMm o 

not moving fitot enough. . 

I *** - 


' v r*& 

r 1 - 



Victory for 

IT,,. Philip Bum rs. Hill Sjmii,l ImotiM* fcnrlaa Limind. NLA 1'A^r. 
I |?-16 AiJiihcombc Kt«d. Owdon CR^ 1 'jER 
I Make a Ualcfiarge «U iwhi on LinkLinc 0343 591481. 

1 1 unuld tike tn w mi inu-nnw nt» highvr inu.i'.-J *a/un. 

1 T 22 4 SOtC 



. t li^nw Tel:, 





to victorv. Apart that is. from 
Jahangir Khan, the 22-year- 
old world champion who will 
complete five years of unde- 
feated international competi- 
tion tonight if he resists 
Norman vet again in tne tmai 
of the Hi-Tec British Open 
championships at Wembley. 

Norman has pursued Ja- 
hangir doggedly around tne 
world this season, constantly 
raising his sa mc b<?°nd lh f 
rest of the professional pack 
but hardlv disturbing the win- 
ning rhythm of the young 
Pakistani maestro. 

Eight of Jahangir's finals 
featured Norman, who lost 
another lo Chris Ditunar in 

Including nine victorious 
National League appearances 
for Cannons Club in London, 

Zealander is calculat- 

have played 127 top 
flight international matches 
since losing to his compatriot 
Stuart Davenport in tne 1983 
quarter finals at Wembley. In 
ihe same penod Jahangir has 
p laved only 59 matches in 
defence of his undefeated 
international record and 
dropped only a couple or 
games in the process. 

Tonight's women's final is a 
replay of the 1984 British 
Open climax in which Lisa 
Opie, of England lost to Suan 
Devoy. who now seeks a ihiro 
successive win. Miss Opie 
narrowly defeated ' second 
seeded- Lucy Soutter. the na- 
tional champion, on Sunday 
and Miss Devoy easily. over- 
came Marline Le Moignan, 
also of England. 

Trip cancelled 

RESULT: Mere L . 

Khan iPaK) W S Davenport INZ), 
9-1. 9-2- 

ZoeUer crucial putt 

Hilton Head Island, South 
Carolina - Fuzzy Zoeller, of 
the United States, scored a 
birdie at the final hole to wn 
the $450,000 (about £300.000) 

Sea Pines Heritage golf classic 
on Sunday by one stroke. Oreg 
Norman, of Australituand two 
Americans. Roger Maltoie 
and Chip Beck, finished level 
in second place on 27 /. seven 
strokes under par. 

Norman, Maltbie and Beck 
had completed their rounds TT i .l i- 
ahead of Zoeller. who began Hot SllOlS 
ft, c final hole ned with ^ Northover , 0 f the Brit- 

Zoeller hit an eight-iron n Bisley. and 

feet J^hind lhe hok an Mike Cutler, of Maidenhead, 
p h I “J,?!rhjfi y i viirareer^ have been selected to ce^e- 

sent England in the centre-fire 

27S?F ^^rTtarra. 69. 71. 277: G pistol events at the Common- 
Norman (At A 70. 68. J&. 70; R wealth Games. Northover 
Mantra. 67. 72. 69. 69; C : Bock. 70. 

67, 70. 70. 278: J Haas. 7T. 60. 6| 

71. 279: T Ktte, 70. 72. 70. 67; R 

London Indians, who were 
to play their first match today 
in the Aga ’ Khan hockey, 
tournament m Bombay, have 
called off the trip because they 
have not “been granted entry 
.visas; ' ’ 

The England squad win 
begin training at Coventry on 
April 26 and matches are 
planned against Belgium, 
West Germany, and Spain. 
Carftflerl. NCwrk, R Cfift, D Crag, ft 
Diamond. N Eyes. .A Fefre, C 
©adman, M - Grimtey. R HHL N 
Hugnes. J Hurst b Knott D^awry 
N Murray, S RowtondB. C Ruto, J 
Shaw, Soma -Singh, fl BWoner, <3 
Swayne. STaytor. R WaWt. 



Charlie Bifdsall; . the Roch- 
dale Horneis" coach, .has .re 1 
signed after the rugby league 
side's third Successive defeat 

. Overthe weekend the Swti* 
African Sports ^Federations 

issued a statenieiit ' demanding 
that- the govannmnt abotisn 
the remainiuR miquitiesirf^ 
apartheid policy.. The 
-Marriage -Act-, and. -the pa® 
laws may be relaxed -lust tne 
'restrictions h* education, b® 

Group Areas Act and the 
Population Registration. Act 
(fecoriting colour) are sttii 
there. -As -Bishop Tutu has 
said, the .difference between 
the American civil righto 
movement of the Sixties; ana 
the black Sooth African bf 
for hhman rights is that w 
America the tew was bn .th*« 
ride.' _ 

But ■ ibbb ' as .Ed^ 
Bartow, the former Test cn»- 
eter and adviser behind t he 
Sports Federations' statement, 

are prepared- to push, .aw* 
entiraitass the government 
they rain ntpursnit of 
freedom of association wnicn 
already exists in most sporB. 
However, before South Am- 
can sport can hope to reopen 







■v - ■ 



I Mi - 

■its attempt to regain int»«- 
tionai recognitioa, it needs a 

^bf face at 

the top. ’ 

Floyd. 69. 72. 72. 66: K Groan 71. 

won the Army open pistol by Kei^feyon Loug-siaBding officials such 

* *** low rutned Hornets, hopes of ^^SqppS 

70: D Poowy. 69. 66. 
Edwards. 74, 70. 70, 67. 

High point 

championship last . 
ler held the title for the 
previous two years. 

Amiss record 

The real tennis team com- 
petition for the Bathurst Cup 
between Australia. Britain. 
France and the United States 
begins at Queen's Club today. 

The Warwickshire batsman. 
Dennis Amiss, received 
£85.000 from his testimonial 
last year, surpassing ihe previ- 
ous county record of £45.000, 
set by Bob Willis in 1981. 


Victory at sea 

Hamilton. Bermuda - Rob- 
ert .White and Jeremy New- 
man. of Britain; finished wfflt 
25 points to win the Olympic 
Tornado worTd championship 
for the second year in 

if Opperman and Dro- „ 

uis Mcildowie, veterans ot tne 
Olympic movement, Da« e « 
Craves in rogbjr and 
pamensky in cricket, .who- 
-represent toe old regime, m®« 
retire. However much tMT 
have done for integration us* 
will not convince black Afr*“ . 
that they did not do so oof/ 1 ■ 
because they had to. . f ,- 

» Capper. 14-1 Lean Ort, 16-1 op»«- 

Par^on. b-i nome rrcm. ivi