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>AY APRIL 25 1986 

at 89 

q£ Mystery 
r over fate 
O of jewels 

t next to the king she loved AD offers for 

*• Land Rover 

are rejected 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

By Alan Hamilton 

The Duchess of Windsor, other formalities a ppr opr i ate 

who as Mrs Wallis Simpson 
played the role of catalyst to 
the British monarchy's- great- 
est twentieth century upheav- 
al, died yesterday morning at 
her Paris home, a frail and 
lonefy remnant of history. She 
would have been 90 in June. 

The Queen and other mem- 
bers Of the Royal Family, 
which has never fully forgiven 
King Edward Vm for putting 
love before duty, were imme- 
diately informed, and Buck- 
ingham Palace fosT****! the 
following statement “It is 
announced with deep regret 
that the Duchess of Windsor 
died at 10 am today at her 
residence near Paris.* 

Last night tb& Queen ad- 
hered to her planned schedule 
and attended a banquet at the 
Spanish Embassy given by 
King Juan Carlos and Queen 
Sophia of Spain. The Palace 
said that it would have been 
“totally inapp ropr iate” to in- 
terrupt a State visit 
The body of the Duchess 
will be Down to Britain by the 
Royal Air Force for burial on 
Tuesday afternoon beside that 
of her husband the Duke of 
Windsor in the family plot at 
Frogmore, outside the walls of 
Windsor Castle, where he lies 
with his brother Henry, Duke 
of Gloucester, mid Princess 
Marina, widow of his brother 
the Duke of Kent The funeral 
win be private, m accordance 

to a departed monarch, how- 
ever brief his reign, the Duch- 
ess win be accompanied to her 
rest only by the obsequies of 
family. She has neither de- 
scendants nor living relatives 
of her own. 

The Duchess's Hie, not so 
much a heroic tragedy as a sad 
wreck of dreams, finally ended 
yesterday in the presence of 
her persona] physician. Dr 
Jean Thin, in' the bedroom of 
the brooding mausoleum off 

Life and times 
The prisoner 

Obltnary 14 

the Boisde Boulogne that had 
so long been her home and her 

Dr Thin -made his daily call 
at9amyesteKlay, to^^ldher 
deariy dose to the end. Her 
condition had deteriorated 
during the past three or four 
days wifobrrmcho-pneunio- 
nia, Dr Thin said - -■ 

The Duchess had been con- 
fined to her home for heady 
eight years, and had been seen 
by no one but her dosest 
associates - her two devoted 
servant, her doctor, and her 
long-standing legal adviser 
Mame Shmuuie Bhim - for the 
past four years. She was 
crippled with arthritis, near- 

BySuzy Menkes 
Fashion Editor 

Controv e r sy ssramds foe 
late of tiie Duchess of 
Windsor’s jewellery coBoefom. 
The specriatioa is that die 
gems will he left to the Prince 
and Princess of WaJes in order 
to bed a longstanding royal rift 
and ring down the n nt ai n on 
foe Abdication. 

Interest centres especially oa 
the “Alexandra emeralds”, sup- 
posedly left to foe fatoa-e Ed- 
ward Vin by his grandmother, 
Qneea Alexandra. These jewels 
have never bees identified, 
although m 1936 society ob- 
servers hnpItBgiUy claimed to 
have sees Mrs WalEs Simpson 
wearing them In a night ctah. 

There is no record of Queen 
Alexandra having received em- 
eralds as her dowry, nor do 
emeralds appear in foe fists of 
frown jewellery made on foe 
death of Queen Victoria in 190L 

The Due of Windsor bofiy 

qrat pw hKrty ftat HgH 

ever re ceived j e w el s that woe 
part of foe British royal heri- 
tage; foe Duchess's lawyer and 
fwi fifa nip, Maitre Suzanne 
Wam, re peatedly contained 
that sta tement. 

Sources in Paris say that foe 
Duchess, who has no fivbg 
relative, will not return any of 
her jewels to foe royal SM, and 
that the Duke's wffl of 1972 
font the jewels should 
never be woni by another 

Days of happiness: The Duke and Duchess of Windsor, celebrating their silver wedding 
anniversary on board the liner United States in 1962, on their way to their Paris home. 

Arabs suspected of 
Oxford Street bomb 

litis suggests that foe collec- 
tion wiU he sold to a masemnii 
order to set op a dwioMe 
f wmd a tina m foe Dechess ’s 
native Balfoaoce, ISA, or of- 
fend to foe Mns£e des Arts 
Decoratffs in p rifa fr to the 
French gavcEmneat for boosing 

with the wishes of the Duke paralysed, and the lucidity of the Windsors at Neuffly. 
and Duchess, but the Queen mind had 1 loi® since Jemfloy wwssfd by 

• • -i - • a ' x i« A nw iiwf l •’ w^ ■ • ww — ■_ • i 

and a large contingent of the 
Royal Family are expected to 
attend. • 

A period - of mourning 
would nonnaitiy bavo bees 
has been delayed unfflfoe end 
of the ;State : visft by ^the 

dimmed. - . 

Lady Diana Mosley, aged 
76, a long-standing personal 
friend of - the Duchess who 
lived, nearby, yesterday ex- 
pressed her r^t ^She.has- 
fie^t ilf for so long that it was 
not really & fife at ^LShe did 

Spanish King and QueenTThe Joy know me anym ore a nd. 
Royal Family will observe a hadnoidea tehaiaashappaft. 

4 i r . : • •. > • a- mo I timWH r cta will tap* 

period of mourmiigfrosxtiz)id< 
day on Friday until after the 
funeral, and flags will be flown 
at half-mast on Tuesday. 

Unlike her husband, who 
on his death in -J972 was 
accorded a lying-in state and 

mgl I am happy foe win he 
buried next tolhe Duke whom 
foe loved so much; it was a 
love match”. 

But her death bronght little 
further outpouring, either of 

Cw rtf i H ipd <m paged, cd 7 

Duchess in Fans m foe Unfits 
and 1950s week! make foe 
coDection, ff it is intact, of 
mesthnable value, even wifooat 
foe royal cmmection. . 

-• The jewels are cunenffy am 
safe InFaris. Souk pieces of foe 
Windsor j cwcBo y were sold in 
London in the late 1960s and 
reportedly panc-hnsed by foe 
Qneea hi aider that they shorid 

Scotland Yard's anti-terror- 
ist squad believes the bombing 
of the British Airways office in 
Oxford Street was carried out 
by Arab terrorists, despite 
claims from two other groups. 

The suspicion is strong 
because Arab terrorist groups 
inspired by the Libyan gov- 
ernment are keen for revenge 
after the US bombing of Libya 
and because the Libyans is- 
sued a “wanting” hours before 
the bomb went off that Israeli 
or US Intelligence might stage 
a terrorist attack as an excuse 
for further reprisals against 
Colonel GadaffTs regime. 

British sources dismiss the 
warning as absurd, and sus- 
pect that the Oxford Street 

not readft foe open may*- .bomb may have been a crude 
Nothing has been sold pablidy and transparent propaganda 

By Colin Hughes 

Although the bomb was not 
particularly large or sophisti- 
cated, it damaged the struc- 
ture of the ground floor offices 
of British Airways and started 
a fire, smashed windows in a 
Burtons shop opposite on 
Lumley Street, and blasted 
upper floor windows out of 
Selfridge's department store 
on the other side of London's 
busiest shopping street. 

The building was an obvi- 
ous target for Arab terrorists 
because it also houses an 
.American Express bureau de 
change and the West End 
offices of American Airways. 
Also, it is a quarter of a mile 
away from the American Em- 
bassy in Grosvenor Square. 

since Maitre BMn has been 
nmmug foe Duchess's affairs, 
and none of foe dhti nc tiv e 
Continued on page 16, ad 3 

Tomorrow Belfast yard wins 




Woodrow Wyatt 
warns that 
Europeans would be 
the losers if the 
US reacted to 
condemnation of the 
attack oh Ubyaby 
becoming more 

—tfjic/d — 

• There is £4,000 to , 
be won in The Times 
Portfolio Gold com- 
petition today, and the 
weekly prize tomor- 
row wiH be £16400, 
double the usual 
amount because there 
was no winner last 

fo Yesterday’s £4,000 
prize was won outright 
—details, paged. 

• Portfolio Gold list, 

page 24; how to play, in- 
formation service, 
page 16. 

Prison move 

The Prison Officers Associ- 
ation last night ordered 12 
hours of industrial action until 
7am today at 10 prisons m: 
south-west England ov*’’ staff- 
ing cuts at Gloucester Jail, 
where a prison officer was 
suspended f rom duty 

Home News £3 hericn 
Oversew 5-9 Letters 13 
Am 15 Motoring 26 

Births, deaths „ OWawy « 
nttriages 14 PhrBanait 4 
Tfrriarri 17-35 SefeRwa . 4 
Court 14 Saw* ■* 

Crosswords 10,16 Sport 38-32 
Dory 12 Theatres, etc 31 

Features 1M2 TV A Radio 31 
Lav Report. 28 Walter 16 

• * ft ft ft * 



Two claims for responsibil- 
ity were made to the Press 
Association, one from the 
Scottish National Liberation 
Army, and from someone 
claiming to represent the An- 
gry Brigade, but Scotland 
Yard refused to comment on 
their suspected authenticity. 

Some windows 
blown out 

British Airways 
office batfiy 





By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 
Mr George Younger, Secre- support vessfe project “win 

tary of State for Defence, 
announced last mfot that 
Hariand & Wolff, foe state- 
owned Belfast shipyard, has 
won the£130 minion contract 
tobnild the first of the Royal 
Navy's new support vessels. 

In an attempt to soften the 
blow for Swan Hunter, the 
privatized Tyneside shipyard 
which was also fighting for the 
work, Mr Younger said the 
firm would receive the order 
for the second support vessel 
provided it could match the 
price submitted by Hariand & 
Wolff- about £1 10 million. 

Mr Younger said Hariand & 
Wolffs bid was better in terms 
of design, price and delivery 
dale. The ship, an armed 
supply vessel which win sup- 
port Navy, frigates, should 
enter service by the end of the 
decade and will be' named 
Royal Fleet auxfliaiy Fort 

He disclosed that Mr Tom 
King, Secretary of State for 
Northern Ireland, had yester- 
day imposed an “additional 
financial discipline” on the 
Belfast yard, aimed at ensur- 
ing any cost-overrun in the 

have a similar effect on 
Hariand & Wolff as it would 
on a private sector company.” 

• Workers at Hariand & 

Wolff were toasting their suc- 
cess yesteiriay after winning 
the order (Richard Ford 
writes). _ 

It Iras secured the jobs of temanonal 
2,000 workers at the Protes- high level 
lant-dominated yard for the involving 
next two to three years and Interior Mi 
saved the local economy . American 
Mr Ken Magmnis, Official officials. 
Unionist MP for Fermanagh Mr D ol 
South Tyrone, who saw the Horae Seen 
Prime Minister about the c rnar 

US and Europe in 
joint terror fight 

From Richard Owen, The Hague 

The United States and 
Western Europe have joined 
forces in a co-ordinated fight 
against Libyan and other in- 
ternational terrorism after 
high level talks yesterday 
involving EEC Justice and 
Interior Ministers and senior 
American law enforcement 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, said that the 
West's machinery for fighting 

order, said it had been made terrorism and crime had 
possible because of.the yard's ^noved decisively into higher 
good record on industrial S ear ”- 
rdatiems and the tremendous- ^ 

co-operation among the 

He said that the Oxford 
Street bomb yesterday, on 
which he had reported to bis 
• Management at the Swan EEC collea g ue s , exemplified 
Hunter yard reached bitterly the need for a quick, lively and 
last night to the decision effective exchange of mfonna- 
(Peter Davenport writes). tion between Western security 
They said the Government forces to protect citizens. 

and was urging Britain's EEC 
partners to take similar drastic 
action to modernize and up- 
date extradition treaties. 

The EECs ministerial 
group on crime and terrorism 
— known as the Trevi Group 
after its Italian founder — is to 
meet twice a year in the wake 
of the Libyan crisis, and even 
more often as and when other 
crises arise. 

The group, which coordi- 
nates police and security intel- 
ligence, has met relatively 
infrequently over the past 

US Marines on armed guard 
at embassy-attached buildings 
around the area were among 
the onlookers as Army and 
Scotland Yard forensic sci- 
ence experts began sifting the 
bomb debris. 

Detectives are most puzzled 
about why the bomb detonat- 
ed at 4.4Sam. when the streets 
were deserted. 

Commander George Chur- : 
chill-Coleman, bead of the 
Cl 3 anti-terrorist branch, said 
it was premature to comment 
on whether the bomb ap- ! 
peared to have been timed for 
that hour, or exploded earlier 
than planned. 

It seems equally probable 
that the bomb was more easily 
planted and set to detonate 
when the streets were clear of 
witnesses, achieving maxi- 
mum publicity with mini- 
mum risk of quick detection. 

British Airways has stepped 
up security at its offices since 
the bombing of Libya and 
Arab reprisal threats* It is 
believed that three night staff 

Continued on page 2, col 4 

forced to 

By Oar Political 

The Prime Minister was 
yesterday forced to withdraw a 
Commons accusation that Mr 
Neil Kinnock was seeking to 
help terrorists. 

The charge came after heat- 
ed Commons exchanges in 
which the Labour leader 
pressed Mrs Thatcher to say 
whether she would endorse di- 
assist any further US raids 
against Libya. 

Mrs Thatcher repeated that 
any US request would be 

A blacklist of countries ordered in the light of 
identified as involved in ter- . 

rorism was drawn up at the Photographs 

announcement held “serious 
consequences” for foe future 
of its 400-strong design team. 
There may also be repercus- 
sions for others on foe 4,500- 
strong workforce. 

Mr Hurd said be would 
propose a new Criminal Jus- 
tice Bill in foe next session of 
Parliament removing obsta- 
cles to foe extradition of 
terrorists and other criminals. 

Friedrich Zimmermann, a 
West German Interior Minis- 
ter. The list will be submitted 
to EEC Foreign Ministers. 

Mr Frits Konhals Altes, the 
Dutch Interior Minister, who 
chaired the meeting, said foe 
list was confidential and terse- 

Continued on page 16, col 7 

A room with a view .... and a corpse 

By Robin Young 

Mr Peter George found ho 
was sharing a New York hotel 
room with a corpse. But when 
Mr George, of GomsbaH, Sur- 
rey, reported the discovery to 
foe reception desk, foe clerk 
did not tot* up. bat simply 
swivelled his chair to get a new 
key and said: “OK, you're now 
in room 201”. 

It sounds She something 
from Fowls? Towers, but foe 


found that BasO Faulty has 

real international rivals. 

Mr George's experience was 
disclosed when the magazine , 
collecting readers' opinions for 
its Hotel of foe Year awards 
which were presented , last 
night, Also invited them to 
submit stories of. bizarre hotel 

■ Another story came from 
Mr MdvBKe SmnmerfieM -of 
Gosforfh, Newcasrie upon 

^ plained that foe person next 
door had booked an early 
morning call, and as there was 
A44# ,X' / . _ DO telephone in that room 

iPp . /2rcv '*r r* would Mr Smnerfidd please 

Ufr ." * . go and wake him? 

A superintendent in foe 
7Q§ ff Government Chemist Iabora- 

If . Jnjy- tory was booked into a hotel in 

/Z) "N. WestBeriin. 

f. A • „ ** When be arrived he fonnd 

1 ) / that foe hotel was owned by, 

( and next door to, a private 

». € dmic. When he tried to claim 

/ his room he was told that the 
1 xl V Ji previous occupant was too ill 

l \ ^ j to leave, hot that alternative 

yA * r ' arrangements had been made. 

ft i He was transferred to a 
ftgg { J hospital ward with empty beds 

* . Jnst occasionally the cus- 

Tyne, who was woken at 6 am tomers strike back. Mr Anfoo- 



ia a room in foe International 
Hotel, Prague, by an alarm 
call vfoidi M had not booked. 
When he comphuned, foe 

ay Goldsmith, of Werabtey, 
west Loudon, recalled a night 
in a Zurich hotel 
Shortly after midnight 

receptionist agreed but ex- pneumatic drills started op in 

foe kitchens. The receptionist 
told Mr Goldsmith that a new 
stove was being fitted, and foe 
work should be finished by 

Other guests started show- 
ering foe glass roof with 
telephone books and lavatory 
brushes, to no effect nntil they 
Started hurting chair s which 
crashed through the glass and 
finally restored tranquillity. 

The ma gazine readers' vot- 
ed the Heathrow Pesta foe 
best conference hotel and best 
airport hoteL The Gleneagles 
in Scotland was judged foe 
best country hotel, and foe 
Loudon Tara foe best economy 
hotel. Inter-Continental, 
owned by Grand Metropoli- 
tan, was foe best overseas 
hotel group, and Trnsthoase 
Forte foe best in the United ; 
Kingdom. The Inn on the i 
Park, London, was voted foe 
best hotel in foe United 

By-election gaffe 2 
Parliament 4 

Reagan warning 5 

circumstances. Mr Kinnock 
concluded she was gening foe 
worst of all worlds — “demon- 
strating both complicity and 

She replied that what Mr 
Kinnock was seeking to do “is 
to help the terrorists'*. 

Mr Kinnock, through the 
Speaker, asked Mrs Thatcher 
to withdraw foe comment 

Mrs Thatcher told the 
House she had said: “If you 
lefl foe terrorist precisely what 
you are or are not going to do. 
that is a way of helping him. 

“1 did not seek to impugn 
anything personal to Mr 
Kinnock and if that was the 
effect of what 1 said, then I 
gladly withdraw." 

bodies to meet 

Nicosia (Reuter) - The 
Palestinian guerrilla leader 
Abu Abbas, reported to be foe 
mastermind of foe Achille 
Lauro hijack, said yesterday 
he was organizing a secret 
meeting of more than 20 
revolutionary groups to act 
against the US and Israel. 

He declined to say when 
and where foe meeting would 

The Government yesterday 
announced in the Commons 
that none of foe four bids for 
the privatization of the Land 
Rover and Freight Rover 
parts ofBL would be accepted. 

But Mr Paul Channon. Sec- 
retary of State for Trade and 
industry, left open foe possi- 
bility that the two companies 
could still be floated or sold 
off before foe next election. 

Having already broken off 
Austin Rover talks with Ford 
in February, and having failed 
to meet General Motors' de- 
mands on Land Rover last 
month, Mr Otannon gave the 
latest twist to foe BL affair 
with a Commons statement 
which was criticized from 
both sides of the House. 

He told MPS;“The board 
have concluded, on both com- 
mercial and industrial 
grounds, that retention of foe 
businesses with British Ley- 
land pending a later sale 
presents a more attractive 
option for BL than any of the 
bids which have been 

“The board have therefore 
recommended to foe Govern- 
ment that none of foe bids be 
pursued and that the compa- 
nies be retained within BL 
while preparations for future 
privatization are made.” 

The key decisions on priva- 
tization will now be taken by 
Mr Graham Day. the new BL 
chairman, who takes over next 

Mr John Smith, the Opposi- 
tion spokesman, condemned 
the decision with the charge 
that foe latest Government 
climb-down represented a hu- 
miliating and total reversal of 
its “misguided” policy to sell 
off Austin Rover. Leyland 
Trucks and Land Rover. 

Threat to 
from NUT 

By Lucy Hodges 
Education Correspondent 
Schools in England and 
Wales are threatened with 
fresh industrial action by 
teachers, including strikes, as 
a result of the failure yesterday 
by foe biggest teaching union 
to be admitted to long-term 
talks on pay and conditions. 

The warning came from Mr 
Doug McAvoy. deputy gener- 
al secretary' of the National 
Union of Teachers, after it had 
failed to win a High Court 
order stopping foe Acas-in- 
spired talks from beginning 

Speaking after foe Court of 
Appeal dismissed the union's 
appeal against a High Court 
ruling earlier in foe day, Mr 
McAvoy said he would urge 
today's meeting of the NUT 
executive to intensify indus- 
trial action 

He said that if it had not 
been for the exposure of foe 
Government's furtive negotia- 
tions with General Motors 
and Ford and the forceful 
expression of parliamentary 
and public opinion, crucial 
remaining parts of the British 
motor vehicle industry would 
have been put under foreign 
ownership and control. 

There was also strong criti- 
cism of foe Government from 
foe Conservative benches. 

Mr John Taylor, MP for 
Solihull, said that an opportu- 
nity had been missed, and Mr 
Anthony Beaumont-Dark. 
MP for Birmingham Selly 
Oak. that he and others felt 

• Mr Shannon's statement 
brought an angry reply from 
Mr Paul Spicer, a Lonrho 
director last night fOur Mo- 
toring Correspondent writes). 

He said: “Did the Govern- 
ment ever have any intention 
of selling Land Rover in foe 
first place? It seems to us that 
foe whole thing has been a 
political farce with the Gov- 
ernment telling BL what the 
outcome would be before foe 
Board made its 

He adde±“Mrs Thatcher 
went through the farce of 
seeking other bidders when all 
along she had no intention of 
selling Land Rover. We know 
that ours was the best bid.” 

BL denied that its Board's 
recommendation was in any 
way political. 

The Land Rover manage- 
ment consortium said: “We 
regret foe decision not to 
proceed with the buy-out 
which we believe w'ould have 
been belter for the 

Parliament, page 4 

high for 

By Our City Staff 

Tiv-* pound rose by almost a 
cent against foe dollar yester- 
day, spurred on by relatively 
high British interest rates and 
a dollar kept fairly stable by 
Japanese official resistance to 
a further weakening of the yen. 

It closed up 95 points at 
$1.5355, its highest level for 
three years. Its effective ex- 
change’ rate rose to 76.4 from 

But foe slock market fell, 
chiefly in reaction to poor 
first-quarter profits from 1CI, 
Britain's biggest manufactur- 
ing company. ICI made £204 
million before lax, compared 
with £267 million in the same 
period of last year. 

When business on foe Stock 
Exchange stopped the FT-30 
index was down 14 points at 

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money, institute says 

By Lacy Hodges, EdHcationCorrespoffilent 

Pupils should, be tested at 
various stages in that school-' 

ingib determine whether they 

■are teaming property and. rate- 
payers are getting value for 
money, the Chartered - Insti- 
tute "Sot- Pfchlic Finance and 
Accountancy says: . - - - 
Therecominendatkm, with 
a list o£ educational perfor- 
mance indicators, is tbefkst 
tinre-a leading institute for 
public sector accountants, has' 
urged the education service to 
analyse its. performance and 

publicize the results. - 

; “The parents and rat e payers 

and employers within a local 
education . authority have a 
vast 1 fond of goodwill and 
enthusiasm for . ‘better 
• education 4 , which the local 
education authority is often 
not tapping, not understand- 
ing, ana 'not responding to," 
the l&page statement, pub- 
lished, yesterday, says. 

“A commitment to improve 
quality, with dear objectives 
of pmormance, will, mere 
readily be supported by an 
informed local community 
titan one whose only measure 
is a ‘firmer in the wind’.” 

Girls must get ‘on line’ 

Girl ranis should he ■ 
enr ag ed from regarding com- 
puters as “machines for men”. 

from the Equal Opportunities 

fi wu n iw imi. 

It found that In every school 
in a survey of the London 
of Croydon, boys 


. studies. Gris turned ; their 
’ backs on inform a ti on te chnol - 
ogy -ami - fn mpirfi n ^ - n ftwi 

through lack of I’nuftiwiiy, 
Many girls rathe fourth ami 
fifth yearc of secondary school 
admitted being frightened of 
ridicule m comparing classes 
with boys, preferring to be 
silent rather than speak out 
and be wrong. V 1 

The commisMon has drawn 
up guUtefmes for the teaching 
. of compoter-related subjects 
after research and exp eri ment 
in - Croydon. The' guidelines 
say that teachers should be 
aware of guts’ low opinion of 
their own ability, and try to 
boost then- morale. . . 

Schools should seek to use 
compotes widely throughout 
the camcutan, freeing them 
from whatthe report caBs “the 
male aura of ihe mathematics 

Girls should be allowed to 
sit together for moral support, 
and examples of class work 
should represent both sexes 

1 Mr Tom ; Hinds, working 
party chairman and a deputy 
chief education officer for 
Cambridgeshire, said that the 
education service did not have 
teste to 'see how children were 
progressing. That was particu- 
larly important at primary 
School level, between the ages 
of five and nine. 

“We recognize this is a 
ni ghtman * and that a lot of 
people will not accept it. But 
we think this is the . bit of our 
report that really matters. 
What is the system giving to 
the pupils who come into it?" 

The statement, which may 
be viewed as local 
government’s attempt to put 
its. house in order before the 
centralizers move in, says that 
education authorities should 
consider these performance 
indicators; whether parents 
and children are satisfied; 

. what 16-year-olds go on to do; 
examination results; the quali- 
ty of teaching; costs per pupil; 
the use of school premises; 
and socio-economic factors. 

Local - authorities should 
produce info rmati on on those 
points in annual reports; and 
accounts so that parents can 
see how their area compares. 
As well as testing pupils, it 
wants education authorities to 
appraise the performance of 
schools and examine the ar- 
rangements for finking one 
stage of schooling to another. 




' — : 





gets life- 

- Geoffrey Jones, an amateur 
cameraman, was jaftedfor fife 
yesterday for hanging a model 
during a filming session. 

Jones, aged 49, was de- 
scribed by foeprosfccntiortas a 
man with "bizarre and 
warped" sexual tendencies 
who delighted in seeing girfoin 
blade satin dresses facing dan- 
ger from a hangman’s noose. 

Jones, of Egginton Road, 
Hall Green, Birmingham, had 
pleaded not guilty to murder. 
Pasting sentence,- Mr -Justice 
Camley said that in his opin- 
ion the jury’s verdict was 

. Birmingham Crown Court 
was" told Mis? Marion 
Terry, aged J17;liaB r anwira»i 
an advertsementfi^irDfti^ 

. raa shop'wnxto^~ . i - 
•V ' Ivlr Brian Escott Cbx,foTthe 
prosecution^ saidshe had been 
- “defiberately. . and bniialiy 
executed". Jones bad pereaad- 
eti her to pose on a piano stool 
wearing the noose, and had 
then kicked the stool away, 
leaving hor to die. ' ;■ 
He said Jones’s interest in 
the cinema was genuine. Even 
after ihe- kfllmg, he had 
thought of scripts for films. He 
had written: “I can see the 
funny side. Whatever the' out- 
come I'm going to -write a 
damn good story about if'. 

By ^Nidurias Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 

'Health, minister s are being 
pressed to allow, health- au- 
thorities to do deals with 
property- developers which 
would finance 'new health 
service facilities. 

In return for paying for and 
building those, the developers 
could be given health service 
hospitals arid lands foiling 
empty. ...' 

'■ At the same time Mr Nor- 
maff Fowler, Secretary ofState 
for Social Services, is being 
pressed to find Treasury capi- 
fol tcraflow for new buildings, 
leaving - old', and expensive 
; ones redundant; ; ; .. - 

"?<-rrr -r— — — 

oT present health .service hos- 
■sites, to . agreements, -tlfhereby 
construction Companies 
would first have to provide 
new btSdin^ in return for the 
did sites. '■ 

. The proposals were dis- 
closed yesterday by Sir Peter 
Baldwin, chairman of the 
SouthlEasf ThamesRegional 
Health Authority, as the au- 
thority published its 10-year 

plan fix hospitals in south- 
east London, Kent and Hast 

The authority is planning to 
raise £120 million by 1994 
from land and bonding sales. 

The plan discloses that 
while health service capital 
allocations phis the sales pro- 
vide the region with enough 
money to achieve its plans, the 
land sates do not become 
available fast enough to fi- 
nance the new services, usual- 
ly because old facilities cannot 
be closed and patients trans- 
ferred until the new facilities 
are ready. " 

-ft Medical and .surgical ser- 
vices in hosprtala.nre' being 
"disastrously squeezed” be- 
causfc ofrthe way money is 
being taken out of acute 
services to fund developments 
for the mentally ill, mentally 
handicapped and elderly, the 
British Medical Association’s 
senior hospital doctors’ com- 
mittee has told Mr Fowler. 

White health service spend- 
ing has grown, spending on 
acute hospital services has 
barely risen in three years. 



Controls on 
likely soon 

The Home Office is likely to 
bring in controls on the sale of 
crossbows this s ummer . , 

The police, MPs and animal 
welfare groups have been cam- 
paigning for a licensing system 
to limit the sate of crossbows 
to bona fide archery enthusi- 
asts. They coipplaiii that the 
increasingly sophisticated and 
potentially, deadly ."weapons 
are easy jo buy over , the 
counter. " • 

- Miss Janet Footes, Conser- 
1 vative MP for Plymouth, 
Drake, said she was “guarded- 
ly optimistic”, after a meeting 
with Mr Giles Shaw, Minister 
of State at the Home Office, 
that controls would be be 
brought in. She had tabled a 
motion, which won all-party 

support, for a ban o n the 
unrestricted and ..mail-order 

sale of crossbows. 

The Home Office hastned 
to limit sales through an 
agreement with retailers but is 
now consulting police bodies 
and the RSPCA about stater 
tory controls. 

A Police Federation spokes- 
man said crossbows were in- 
creasingly uised by cri min a ls . 
He ytiri it would be sensible to 
restrict sales-before the issue 
got out of hand. 

Miss Sarah Ferguson, the 
fianc&i of Prince Andrew, 
has been given a personal 
coat of aims with the motto 
“From • adversity happiness 
grows”. The symbolism of a 
bumble-bee resting on the 

flower of & thistle is based on 
a device which has been used 

by her family. 

‘Satan’ trial 
jury retires 

Tim jury in .the. "Satan 
conman” trial at . Maidstone 
Crown Court was -sent to a 
hotel last night after retiring 
yesterday to consider its ver- 

Jndge Denison said the 
question was did Deny 
Mainwaring Knight intend to 
deprive Chnstians permanent- 
ly of more than £200,000 by 
lying. Mr Knight,aged46, an 
nnemployed decorator, denies 
|9 deception charges. 

Scargill 6 

•1 1$ 

The personal bodyguard to 
Mr Aitfrar Scaigffi said yester- 
day that' the miners! union 
president ted been ordered 
about by a “fierce” policeman 
who accused him of speedmg 
on the Ml. ' _ . 

Mr Jim Parker, who ts 
employed by the "National 
Union of Mihcworisera 
chaufieor and guard -to Mr 
ScarA told the High Court m 
Manchester that the pahoe 
ted refused to. allow Mr 
Scflrgffi to enter his home 

Road, Staincrossv near ^ms- 
ley, South Yorkshire, said thm 
at one stage. - Mr .Scargm. 
waited down tire pavement to 

^P»aic to another officer. “The 
Steer who had been speaking 
to him shouted something 
like, ‘Come back. herewh^I 
am ■ speaking to you - 1 ' His 
attitude was fierce.” 

Mr ScamD, ‘ aged 48, of 
Yews Lane, Worsbrongh Da . 
near Barnsley, is daimiug 
exemplary damages for 
wrongfol imprisonment while 
he was being questioned for 
aUessdly driving at speeds of 
up to 120 mpfa in his Jaguar 
XJ6 in July 1982. 

He was later cleared of a 
speeding' charge by Rother- 
ham magistrates. The case 
continues today- 

Race bully 
claim on 

Three non-commissioned 
officers in the Grenadier 
Guards bullied and racially 
abused their Pakistani clerk, 
an industrial tribunal was told 

Mr Panraj Iyengar, aged 58, 
was hit and burned with a 
cigarette while working at the 
regional headquarters at Wel- 
lington Barracks, London, it 
was claimed. 

' Mr Kottan Menon* repre- 
senting Mr Iyengar, said: “He 
was assaulted and racially 
abused, and treated less 
favourably than the typist, 
Margery ’ Stanford, in his 

Mr Iyengar claims he was 
assaulted three times in No- 
vember last year by lance 
corporals Hall and Bowen, 
and Colour Sergeant West. . 

■ Mr Iyengar said: “One day 
West came up to my desk and 
said, ‘Come here you Paid, 
assist me packing these Christ- 
mas cards’. I was packing the 
cards with Hall and West, 
when Hall hit me a terrible 
blow on the hand and said, ’If 
you put your hand there again 
I wifi hit it harder*." • 

Mr Iyengar, - of Clapton, 
north-east London, said that a 
week later Lance Corpora! 
Bowen burned him on the 
back of .the head with a 

Mr Menon told the industri- 
al tribunal, in. Chelsea that 
complaints were made to the 
regimental adjundam, Major 
Seymour, who offered “in. an 
improper manner to change 
the assesanent of Mr Iyengar 
m 'his annual report if he 
withdrew the allegations”. 

The hearing continues. 

Juror halts 
drugs trial 

■A drugs trial at the Central 
Criminal Court was halted 
yesterday when a juror said m 
a letter to Judge Aigyle, QC 
. that be did not believe canna- 
bis should be illegal 
On trial were four men who 
had denied conspiring to sup- 
ply large quantities or canna- 
bis, "allegedly smuggled Info 
the country from Amsterdam. 
The jury was discharged and a 
retrial ordered. 

Child care 
delayed by 
cash crisis 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Conespondent 

COurt hearings involving 
children m care are being 
delayed by up to six months in 
some pans of the country 
because ofa shortage of hinds 
to pay for the social workers 
who assist in the proceedings. 

The problem is particularly 
acute in Cheshire, where 14 
solicitors who are on the 
specialist panel of lawyers 
qualified to handle child care 
cases have expressed their 
‘"■disquiet" at tire delay. 

Tire issue has also been 
raised with MPs by tire War- 
rington Law Centre. Miss 
Maggi Hanrahan, solicitor at 
the centre, said: “The delay is 
causing a lot of distress. 

“Apart from tire stress and 
anxiety of the uncertainty, 
there are identified needs of 
children which are not being 
met because tire local author- 
ity does not know whether it 
will have a long-term care 

In most cases, she said, 
solicitors for both the child 
and the parents are having to 
tern up “month after month 
on legal, aid just so that the 
local authority can renew 
interim care orders". 

Delays are due to problems 
in obtaining social workers to 
act as guardians ad litem, the 
independent advisers in care 
proceedings who investigate 
the case and prepare a report 
for the court on the child- 

But many authorities, who 
agreed to supply guardians for 
each other on a reciprocal 
basis, are failing to do so 
because, according to the law 
centre, “the time and costs of 
operating the scheme have 
been more than was ant- 

MiSS Hanrahan said there 
was a danger of “cases being 
decided by the passage of time 
rather than the merits of the 
original application". 

Michael Crawford in re- 
hearsals for the final perfor- 
mance of tire successful 
musical, Barnam, at the Vic- 
toria Palace theatre, London, 
tomorrow night 
Crawford has staged 1,210 

performances of the show 

since it opened at the London 
Palladium In 1981. After an 
18-week run at tire Manches- 
ter Opera House, it returned to 
London in March last year. 

As Phineas T. Bam tun, the 
legendary showman, it is esti- 
mated he has walked more 
than 150 miles on the high 
wire and spoken or sung 
nearly seven milli on words. 

Mr Michael Fielding, the 
producer, said there had been 
numerous requests to stage the 
show from around the world. It 
has already been seen by more 
than 2J5 million people. 
(Photograph: Chris Harris). 

cards on 

The first public trial of 
parking meters that accept 
pre-paid magnetic cards in- 
stead of coins is to be earned 
out in Birmin gham front next 

The six-month experiment 
could solve the problems of 
Britain’s city centre motorists 
who, having found a parking 
space, have to scour local 
shops for the right change. 

The new battery-powered 
meters wifi incorporate a dis- 
tinct colour coding that will 
enable a traffic warden to 
check a whole row of meters at 
a glance. 

Ninety-five of the “card 
park" meters, made by GEG 
will be installed in Birming- 
ham city centre and cards wifi 
go on sale in shops, post 
offices and building societies 
in values of 60p, £2 and £5. 

Ten pence wifi buy 20 
minutes’ parking time and will 
be deducted each time the 
card is inserted in the meter. 

GEC said that if successful 
the new meters would replace 
clockwork, coin-operated 

"There is no doubt that 
cards are here to stay. Apply- 
ing them to parking meters 
was a logical step forward and 
when this first public trial has 
proved successful, local au- 
thorities could save a lot of 
money”, a spokesman said. 

However, Mr Gordon Vei- 
tch, of the Birmingham 
engineer's department, said: 
“1 cannot see the parking 
meieis going totally plastic. 
There is room for a mixed 
system of card and coin 
meters because the casual 
visitor will not purchase cards. 
He will still want to put his 10 
pence in.” 

GEC said the new meters 
would not need regular wind- 
ing there was no cash collec- 
tion and maintenance was 

Mr Cox: has played Portfo- 
lio since game started. 

A Times reader for the past 
30 years, Mr Leonard Cox. 
ag ed 72, is the winner of 
yesterday's £4,000 Portfolio 

A delighted Mr Cox, a 
retired agricultural salesman 
of Bebington, Wirrai, said he 
has been playing Portfolio 
since it started and “never 
came anywhere near tire mark 
on til now.” 

“It is a tremendous boost, 
we are so thrilled and will be 
spending some of the prize 
renovating onr home.” _ 

Mr Cox and his wife had 
already planned a holiday to 
Denmark to visit their son, hot 
now they will have extra 
spending money. . 

Yoa will need the new 
Portfolio Gold card to play the 
game. If yon have any difficul- 
ty in obtaining one from your 
newsagent, send a sjLe. to: 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

Fan arrests 

The police arrested- 131 
people, most for public order 
offences, in London for the 
England-Scotland football in- 
ternational -at Wembley on 
Wednesday night 


Sherlock Holmes 
Society meetings. 

Imagine you are sitting in a 
stretch limo driving past Fifth 
Avenue when the telephone 
rings and you learn that bombs 
are dropping on Tripoli. 

You turn on the television 
and its true. “Soon the country 
would receive what its critics 
now say is its most popular 
form of entertainment, a small 
war going on somewhere at the 
other end of the world which it 
cannot lose!’ 

Thus opens John Mortimers 
hilarious account in this weeks 
Spectator of his recent voyage 
round the USA - a trip unlike 
anyone else’s. 

In which he meets a Chinese 
chicken that beats eminent 
intellectuals at noughts and 
crosses, and a lady journalist 
who disguises herself as a 
gentleman in order to attend 

And Mortimer observes one 
curious result of the current 
crisis - that American tourists 
now feel safer taking their 
European holidays behind the 
Iron Curtain. 

Also this week there’s a 
special Scottish section which 
features Ian Jack’s speculations 
on why so many Scots turn to 
Fleet Street to earn their crusts. 

A. L. Rowse explains how 
to make new discoveries about 
Shakespeare, and Ferdinand 
Mount, formerly head of the 
Policy Unit at No. 10, reconsiders 
the Iron Lady’s prospects in the 
Libyan aftermath: 

“What Mrs Thatcher needs 
now is a tune the British public 
can whistle, and it is not the 
Star Spangled Banner. ” 

A truly spectacular issue . . . 
and all for the price of a dram. 



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: rmico arnnwCCEUV * «!!” 




m a 










BL decision 

Libyan crisis 

Different procedures 
for nuclear bombs 
on American aircraft 


Reacting to further questions 
««from the Leader of the Oppo- 
sition about the American 
bombing raids on Libya. Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher, the Prune 
■" Minister, commented amid 
1 loud Labour protests, that what 
Mr Neil Kin nock was seeking to 
do was to help the terrorist. 

Mr Kinuock, at the conclusion 
1 of question time in the Com- 

- mows, protested on a point or 
" order that although made in the 
\ heat of exchanges, that was 

utterlv unjustified and a vile 
. insult. He called for it to be 

Mrs Thatcher said she wished 

- to make perfectly clear that she 

- believed she said. 

If you tell the terrorist what 
V vou are or arc not proposing to 
'do {she went on) that is a way of 
~ helping him. I did not seek to 

- impute anything personal to Mr 
Kinnock and if that was the 

- effect of what 1 said, t gladly 

- withdraw. 

During the exchanges. Mrs 
Thatcher indicated that at no 
time bad the .Americans in- 

- dicaied that one of the objec- 
_ tives<if the raids was the killing 

of Colonel Gadaffi. She added 
that the use of nucl ear w eapons 
would require different proce- 

Questioning on Libya arose 
when Mr Alexander Eadie 
(Midlothian. Lab) wondered if 
- the Prime Minister had 
-reconsidered the statement she 
.had made in the House on 
-• -Tuesday that the Americans 
: would choose the type of 
■ weapons they would use on 
.aircraft taking off from British 
, bases? 

.Mrs Thatcher replied: I made 
“‘perfectly clear on Tuesday that 
■we set down very strict criteria 
jor the use of Fills from 
-British bases in this country. 

• These strict criteria were in 
. .the statement I made, and 
-added to that strict criteria was 
the duty to minimise civilian 
casualties. Therefore it is 
' totally clear we were only- 
considering conventional 
weapons. Nuclear weapons 
_would require totally different 
--procedures and it is absurd to 
^Say they were ever asked for. 

=* Within the strict criteria we 
-Ward down, the precise choice of 
^weapons in the conventional 
^sphere was for the United 

^Mr Kinnock: President Reagan 
'-made rwo speeches yesterday in 
Ohich he emphasised that he is 
-prepared- as he put it. to act 
_again against Libya. Will she 
-toll us frankly whether she 
‘would be prepared to endorse 
wor assist in such a similar role? 
~Mrs Thatcher: I have answered 

that several times. Should there 
be a further request ii would 
have lo be considered and we 
would reach our conclusions in 
the light of circumstances and 
matters chat bad to be 
considered at that time. 

Mr Kinuock: Has she mad the 
interview given by the 
Secretary of State for Defence 
(Mr George Younger) to Mr 
Terry Coleman of The 
Guardian this morning, in 
which he said “ft wasnt our 
decision to do il — If that had 
been put to us. I don't know 
quite what response we'd have 


If President Reagan should 
i the 

again present 


linister with such a fail 
accompli and say be will go 
ahead whatever her opinion, 
what will her response be then? 
Mrs Thatcher I have already 
answered his question. 

Mr Kinuock; She has not 
answered that question. What 

ening afl mankind with what he 
will do next if any terrorism 
breaks out anywhere. . . 

Mis Thatcher: The objective is 
to fight terrorism. If one always 
rejects the use of force to fight 
terrorism, the terrorist wins and 
the consequences for more vic- 
tims are horrific. 

Mr Tony Banks {Newham 
North West, Lab): In the dis- 
cussions between repre- 
sentatives of the American 
Government and the Govern- 
ment about bombing targets in 
Libya, did the Americans at any 
time say one of the objectives 
was killing Colonel Gadaffi. 

Mrs Thatcher No. of course 

Mr Edward Hoyden (Liverpool. 
Garston, Lab): Can the Prime 
Minister comment on the report 
that the Conservative candidate 
in the by-election in Ryedale 
made a statement to a press 
conference this (Thursday) 
morning that we are at war with 
Libya? Does the Prime Minister 
approve and does that reflect the 
attitude of the Government. 
Mrs Thatcher: It is not correct 
Of course terrorism itself is a 
form of warfare against all other 
citizens m a democratic society. 
Dr David Ova, Leader of the 
SDP Is the Government taking 
every step possible to co- 
ordinate other countries’ actions 
in refusing Libyan aircraft facil- 
ities for landing and are we 

prepared to adopt sanctions 
against Libya on flights ~ 

hare lost 

seems to 


she is now trying to claim is 
that she has somehow 
mitigated the nature and the 
effects of the American raid. 
She has moved into the worst 
of all worlds, demonstrating 
both complicity and 

Mrs Thatcher What he is 
seeking to do is help the 
terrorist by knowing exactly 
what answer wc shall give to a 
request (Labour protests) If a 
request were received we 
should have to consider it in 
the light of the circumstances 
at that time. 

Mr Martin Flannery (Sheffield, 
Hillsborough. Lab): Has she 
noticed statements by President 
Reagan about Iran and Syria, 
almost threatening them with 
the same thing that was done in 
Libya? Has she also noticed how 
few Americans are coming over 

People are deeply worried 
that the US President seems to 
have lost his mind about this 
business and is literally threat- 

_ both in 
and out of that country? 

Mrs Thatcher If some of the 
deportees are to go they will 
have probably to go out on 
Libyan aircraft. There are a 
number of our citizens in Libya, 
some of whom may want to get 
out on other aircraft. 

Mr Mark Fisher (Stoke on 
Trent Central. Lab): Does the 
Prime Minister agree with her 
Secretary of State for Defence 
who is reported in the papers 
this morning as saying that 
precise positions, precise targets 
were not agreed and he was not 

Did the Prime Minister have 
precise detailed information of 
the targets that were to be 
bombed or is the special 
relationship that she has with 
President Reagan more one of 
master and servant? 

Mrs Thatcher 1 have made it 
perfectly dear that the Govern- 
ment agreed to the use of United 
Stales aircraft based in the UK. 
if that was necessary, in actions 
of seif defence against specific 
targets demonstrably involved 
in the conduct and support of 
terrorist activities. We laid 
down strict criteria. 

He, like his colleagues, does 
everything he can to undermine 
the fundamental relationship 
between Europe, the United 
States and Nato. 

Land Rover to 


The British Ley land board bad 
concluded on commercial and 
industrial grounds that 
retention of the Land Rover 
and Freight Rover businesses 
within the company pending a 
later sale represented a more 
attractive option for BL than 
any of the bids which bad been 
received, Mr Pan! C haium n, 
Secretary of State for Trade 
and Industry, said in a 
Commons statement. 

The board (he went on) have 
therefore recommended to the 
Government that none of the 
four bids be pursued and that 
the companies be retained 
within BL while preparations 
for future privatization are 
made. The Government have 
accepted the board's 

recommendation. . _ 

Mr John Smith, chief 
Opposition spokesman on 
trade and industry, said this 
latest Government climb-dowo 
represented a humiliating and 
total reversal of its misguided 
policy to sell off Austin Rover, 
Lcyland Trucks and Land 

If it were not for the 
exposure of its furtive 
negotiations with General 
Motors and Ford and the 
forceful expression of 
parliamcniaty and public 
opinion which made the 

Government and particularly 
Mr Norman Tebbit get cold 
feet, crucial remaining pans or 
the British motor vehicle 
industry would be under 
foreign ownership and control. 

Should there not now be an 
apology to the BL Group for 
damaging . uncertainty,, 
calculated in thousands Of 
orders and tens of millions of 
pounds. which the 
Government had caused by its 
own foolish actions? 

The whole question of other 
tedders being considered for 
various pans of BL was a blind 
and when General Motors and 
Ford ceased to be involved the 
whole project collapsed? 

Should not the Government 
(he went on) end the rem ain in g 
uncertainty which will be 
caused by references to a trade 
sale or possible flotation, which 
put the matter not so much on 
ice as on melting ice, and 
announce that between now 
and the general election there 
will be no question of disposing 
of these BL businesses? 

Had the Government any 
intention of, resuming 
negotiations with General 
Motors and Ford before the 
next election and could Mr 
Charm oo give a specific answer 
on the Government's 

Mr Cbannon said that as usual 
Mr Smith grossly exaggerated. I 
refute (he continued) the 
allegations be makes. I believe. 

and the BL board believe, that 
commercially and industrially 
the best future for tins 
company is to have a flotation 
or trade sale in a year or two’s 
time when the financial 
situation for the company will 
be better than it is today. I 
made clear on Match 25 the 
position relating General 
Motors and nothior has 

Mr Kenneth Warren (Hastings 
and Rye, Q: Will be give an 
assurance that BL’s inveamat 
plans will be supported by the 
Government without any 
reservation until the time. we 
can step forward with 

Mr Chamon: The investment 
plans of BL will be considered in 


in the normal way. 
note what he says. . 

Mr Terence Da*is (Bir- 
mingham. Hodge Hill, . Lab): 
The uncertainly will continue m 
view iff Mr Cbannon's stater 
mem that these parts of BL will 
be sold off in the future. Why 
will the Government not drop 
its pig-headed insistence on 
selling off the most profitable 
parts of BL? , 

Mr dnutneu: The proposal to 
privatize these parts of BL nas 
been known for years. _ 
Mr John Taylor (Sotihufl. Ck 
Hopes and feats have been 
aroused in my constituents 
since the end of January. 

Whereas the prospect of fu- 

ture privatization of Land 
Raver w31 be wdcofflfi. tiw 
failure to take op the “aug- 
ment buy-out now wall* seen 
as an opportunity missed. 

Mr Chanson: The management 
proposals were considered ex? 
tremdy carefully. Bnt the BL 
board came to tbe. conclus ion 

thatlhe inaMganeiitpr^^s. 

and those ofthe other taddo*. 
ffidiurt represent foe best coune 

in the commercial and mans- 
xrial interests of the company. 

Mr Paddy Ashdown (Yeovti, L): 

The of this who te sorry 

story is that foreign companies 
were able to see advantages Of 
investing in Britain wham our 
own Government because of its 
short-term perspective, was do- 
able to see. 

_ Mr Nicholas Baden (WoJvejv 

tampion South west, C); It** 
extremely difficult foe [*** 
House property to evaluate wi 
Mr Cftannon has said because 
be has not told us what pnees 
the bidders offered. 

Mr Chamss: I am not in 
position to reveal all those 
commercial details 
Mr Rohm Corbett (Binniiigjn 
Erdington, La bk Win he now 
give a guarantee that there win 
be no attempt at privatization 
until after the next general 

Mr Chanson: I am not prepared 
to give iadi a guarantee.. J am 
going to the new ch a irman 
of BL to look ai the options 

Swan Hunter in line 


The Government’s decision, an- 
nounced in the Commons, to 
award the contract for the first 
fleet auxiliary oiler replacement 
vessel of the Fort Gass to 
Hariand and Wolff, of Belfast 
was given a hostile response by 
the Opposition. 

Mr Dernal Davies, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on defence 
and disarmament asserted that 
the decision would have damag- 
ing consequences for Swan 
Hunter, the only other bidder 
far the contract and for 
Tyneside. Some would say, he 
added, that the decision would 
jeopardize the future of the 

loria. Construction would start 
at Belfast once the detailed 
design bad been completed next 
year and the ship would enter 
service about the end of the 

Independent consultants bad 
advised that the Hariand and 
Wolff consortium's bid was 
unsubsidized and comprehen- 
sively costed. 

The Secretary of State for 
Northern Ireland (Mr Tom 
King) had announced an addi- 
tional financial discipline on 
Hariand and Wolff PLC to 
ensure that any cost-overrun 
would have a similar effect on 
Hariands as h would on a 
private sector company. 

was no solution for Swan 

Could the minister assure him 
that Swan Hunter would now 
get the order for the second 
Type 23 frigate? That was the 
least the Government could do 
after the shabby way it bad 

Mr George Younger. Secretary 
of State tor 

tor Defence, indicated 
that Swan Hunters would be 
given a p referential opportunity 
to bid for the second ship of the 

He said the design by Hariand 
and Wolff, in association with 
Yarrow Shipbuilders and Yard, 
had been technically preferred 
by both the MOD and externa] 
consultants, as well as offering 
earlier delivery and a keener 
price than the bid by Swan 
Hunter, which was in associ- 
ation with . British 

The ship would be named The 
Royal Fleet Auxiliary Fori Vic- 

Later in the summer the 
MOD would offer Swan Hunter 
the opportunity to confirm their 
readiness to accept a contract for 
the second vessel, with 
construction to begin as soon as 
possible after negotutions were 
complete, probably in 1988. 

Mr Dcnzfi Davies said the 
decision would almost certainly 
cause the loss of 2,000 jobs, 
including the whole of the 
design team of Swan Hunter. 

Some people also said the 
decision was a breach of the 
understandings, if not the 
.undertakings, given when the 
Government priv a tiz ed Swan 
Hunter, and me possibility of 
building a second vessel to the 
design of Hariand and Wo Iff 

Mr Enoch- FtoweQ (Down 
South, OUP): Will be 
emphasize that employment in 
many other parts of the UK 
will fkrw from the placing of 
this order with Hariand and 

Mr Younger said he agreed. 
There was nothing on usual 
about one firm being 'the lead 
yard and other firms making 
the folfow-on ships. 

Mr Alan Befth (Berwick-upon- 
Tweed, L) said the 
Government's 'decision was 
catastrophic for Tyneside. 

Mr Peers Merchant (Newcastle 

upon Tyne, Central, Q said the 
main .decision would be 
disappointing to Tyneside, and 
to people like himself who had 

the Swain Humor 

technically ; 

treated a company it had just 

Mr Younger said be did not 
understand bow Mr Davies 
could say the statement was bad 
news for Tyneside. 

This is not a breach of any 
understanding (he said) but a 
clear effort to make a -positive 
step to help Swan Humeral the 
same time, as helping the de- 
fence budget. 

Swan Hunter.were clearly in 
tiie race for the frigate. ' 

However, militant shop 

stewards had fed irresponsibfe 
industrial actum through, the 
yard’s campaign for ..the 
contraxr. and were responsible 
for a scries of disputes m xeoent 

years which had harmed and 
sos helped Sion Hunter’s 
reputation. (Conservative 

Mr Younger said he hoped 
MPs would give the 

Government and die MaD 
. credit . that -they :paid no making it 
dear that they were going to 
-give Swan Hunter .* chance for 
tberecond ship- - : : y . 

i Fewer people seeking work 


rrhe number of people out of 
-work and seeking employment 
3iad gone down Lord Young of 
^Cr afTham. Secretary of State for 
^Employment, said during ques- 
tion time in the House of Lords, 
-adding that he resented the 
Suggestion that he or the Gov- 
-emment had fiddled the figures. 
"Lord Dean of Beswkk (Lab) bad 
Tsaid tiie figures of those out of 
-work depended on the criteria 
loused for the calculation. Is not 
-the real situation (he said! that 

there is a continuing deteriora- 
tion in a' very dangerous 

Lord Young of Graflham: Nei- 
ther 1 nor the Government has 
altered the basis for calculating 
the figures. There was a delay of 
two weeks in order that there 
could be a more accurate count 
Those figures, publish yes- 
terday. showed something very 
surprising. In a period in which 
the unemployment benefit 
claim account went up 160.000, 
according to the Labour Force 
vey the i 

Survey the rmmber-of people 

without jobs and seeking work 

‘ “ ’ 100 . 000 . 

fell by It 

Lord Stoddart of Swiadou (Lab): 
Since 1979 there have been six 
changes to the method of 
calculation. If these had not 
been made the figures would 
show 3.800,000 unemployed. 
When be was appointed we had 
great hopes of him and expected 
him to do something construc- 
tive. He has failed to do that and 
we are disappointed in him. 
Lord Young of Graflham: We 
must be careful not to jump to 
conclusions from one set of 
figures. The Labour Force Sur- 
vey method is used in the 
United States and some say it 
provides a better measure 



Contrary to reports appearing 
in the press, the Government 
and the police had no 
information which would 
confirm a link between the 
explosion in Oxford Street in 
the early hours of this morning 
with the Libyans or any other 
group, Mr Giles Shaw, 
Minister of State, Home Office, 
said in a Commons statement 
The Press .Association bad 

received calls claiming 

responsibility from the : 
National Liberation Army and 

the Angry Brigade, but it was 
not possible a: this stage to 
attribute responsibility to any 
individual or any group. 

Although the police issued 
warnings whenever there was 
evidence of a specific threat, 
the public should, as ever, 
remain on their guard and 
report to the police anything 
suspicions which attracted then- 

Mr Gerald K a wftaan , chief 
Opposition spokesman on 
home affairs, offered sympathy 
to those who had suffered and 
condemned this new outrage. 
The British people would not 
be intimidated by terrorist acts, 

be said. At the same time they 
would not accept that they 
should be gratuitously exposed 

to terrorist activity. 

lie hoped the 

Mr Shaw said 
outcome of the current visit of. 
Mr Douglas Hurd, the Home 
Secretary, to The Hague to 
discuss anti -terrorist operations 
with Britain's European 
par tners would strengthen the 
Community in its' attitude- to 
terrorism aodTibyan terrorism 
in particular. ' 

Mr Christopher Smith 
(Islington South and Finsbury, 
Lab) said that in the immediate 
aftermath of that morning’s 
explosion, a considerable 

number; of United States 
marines, were' seen in 
Providence Conn nearby. 

_ Had . the United States 
Government got permission to 
maintain wfcai was effectively a 
private army an the streets of 
London? ' (Conservative 
protests). : 

Mr Shaw said he found Mr 
Smith’s observations, frankly, 
quite amazing. 

There was no connection 
between the explosion and any 
allegation that Mr Smith made 
about armed personnel,- the 
United States or , about . 
anything else. 

Good case 
for the 


! t 


of rapists 


If foe Goreranreot derided » 
remove the right * aaouymft? 

forage?’ foe Sexual Offaww 
(Amendment) 197& Act could 
be proposed in Jegfohtion m 
criminal justice due sex! 
session, Mr Darid MtBw, 
Under Secretary of State at foe 
Heme Office, raid during 
qaeszfoastatheCQszzaeos-: . 

Mr McBor wk* Mr . Michael 
McNair-Wfison (Newbury, Q 
that there w quite* strong 
esse far w aa fog foe accused 
person's right' to " arnwymSy. 
The matter - wu -under 
coBskhsmtiaa, heir, no final 
decision had been reached. 

Mr Jade. Ashley (Stuko-oa- 
Trout Sooth. Lab) raid: I 
brought w foe orig&sl Bffl to 
help tape v ictims and I 
sympathize - - with.- the 
Gavenagfn^rieir, I jraMy do. , 

. The best way ofapproachlag 
foe matter was ter present 
anonymity for the accused m*a, 
because rape was such an 
apfwBfeg crime, bat 

the accused If foe z 

another crime ra wefi. 

Mr MeBer arid foat : was a 
half-way house. - -Murder, 
wardetv buggery and 


Housing Bill 


help tenants 


BfojontMMlni and, if they do 
not enter such - as ague etueut 
.shall proride astatment setting 
put'-fodr. reason* . within six 




of several hundred exceptionally 
fine and medium quality, handmade 


rugs and runners... 

- and others from the more important weaving centres of the East. Included are many 
antiques, siks. Lelims. nomadcs and other unusual items, not generally to be 
found on the home market. 

. This merchandise is the property of a number of principle direct vn porters in Ihe U.K.' 
wtuch has been cleared from H M. Customs 8 Excise bond, to be disposed of at nominal or 
no reserve tor immediate cash reafisatton. 

Every item guaranteed authentic. Expert advice available at tune of viewing, 
to be transferred from bonded warehouses and offered at the: 



Viewing from noon same day. 

Payment cash, cheque or all major credit cards. 

Auflroners: A WWslev Bnscoe & Partner* Ul. New Bond Uw. London WI. Tat 01-493 4579 

Science report 

Lifting a veil on the galaxy 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

A veB that obscures large 
tracts of the universe will soon 
lift, revealing regions of the 
galaxy with a particular fesd- 
aation to astronomers. 

will be used to produce maps of 
foe distribution of chemical 
molecules in the swirling mists 
of space. 

it will be raised with foe 
help of a new type of telescope 
trow nearing coinpletioiL 

_ Developm ent an d construc- 
tion of the instrument, costing 
£155 million, was carried out 
by foe Rutherford Appleton 
laboratory, near Oxford, with 
collators boa from scientists 
of Cambridge University and 
foe Netherlands Organisation 


for Pure Research, 

This week scientists from 
Britain and foe Netherlands 
named foe equipment foe 
James Clerk MaxweQ tele- 
scope, after the 19th centmy 
Edinburgh and Cambridge sci- 
entist whose discoveries in 
electromagnetism hud foe 
foundations on which the prin- 
ciples of the Invention, and 
modern radio astronomy in 
general, are based. 

joins another unique British 
instrument ion Mama Ryu, 
called foe UK Infra-red Tele- 
scope, or UE3RT. And file its 
predecessor, foe new one wiH 
be handed over to foe Royal 
Observatory, .Edinburgh, 
when It cranes into full opera- 

The purpose is to see 
through vast dust clouds, 
which at the moment prevent 
astronomers from observing 
foe creation of new stars a ml 
constellations in their midst. 

In addition to investigating 
bow stars form, foe telescope 

The first trials with the 
Maxwell telescope should be- 
gin in about two months. 

To operate efficiently, foe 
15-metre diameter dish of foe 
telescope mast retain its pa- 
raboloid shape to a very high 

The new telescope has be- 
come the fifth large instru- 
ment, and tiie first radio 
telescope, at the Manna Kea 
international observatory on a 
mountain-top she 14,000 feet 
above sea-level in Hawaii. 

The Maxwell telescope 

The surface hr made from 
276 lightweight gf nminimw 
panels on a ra9d steel frame 
and ft was designed so foatany 
change of shape daring move- 
meat of foe (fish takes piece 
uniformly . across the 


Marble Franklin bust 
fails to find a buyer 

The sale of Rysbrack’s bust 
of Benjamin Hrankfih, which 
was expected to be a sensation 
at Christie's yesterday, with 
Americans vying for posses- 
sion, feJl flat on its fece.; 

There was virtually no bid- 
dipg and the unique bust . 
depicting one of the great- 
figures of early American . his- 
tory, whose existence was; 
discovered only a month or so - 
back, was left , unsold at , 
£85,poo.- . ■ - 

Christie's had been talking 
cautiously of a price.of about ■ 
£150,000, but many; people’s 
thoughts had wandered up to 
£250,000 or so. ' 

• The busL came, to Christie's 
for sale after the owner read 
that a Roubiliac bust of Lord 
Chesterfield, a more or less 
contemporary marble por- 

trait had "sold for £518,400 a? 
Christie's last April ■>- ’ 

The explanation seems to Be 
twofold. .The. main .deterrent 
was foe bust's condition. B 
had spe nt quite a tame outside 
and- -foe weathering had 
discoloured the marble , and 
destroyed the firte crystmlhte 
surface; . A. few... 
pieces bad broken < 

' Christie's -had hoped - foal 
tiie fame of the Sitter "would 
gave this ' marble a wider 
appeal among patriotic Anxer- 
icansirat that interest foiled to 

One track minds. Divert them with the Illustrated London News. The magazine with such a surprising mix of arts, travel, people 

environment and sport, as well as news, events, politics and business, it-gives your brain a holiday everymonth. 

were' grave 

wkfdb fisft- . 
befog Khstffkd 
crimes too. * - 
... The CriMfoal Uw Bertfow 
Committee* which .was 
CTBWro t with fo* anonymity 
ef defendants, ' had * made 
derailed criticisms. The 
Gororinacnt would bare to bear 
font sad itbtt Mr Ashley bad 
fodkt risdL " 

Mr. - JtUhi. - Corbett 
{Bfranogham, Tardfogtim^ Lab), 
who, as ~a nrfafe member, 
sponsored foe Act gfrin 
anonymity: to 'wen accused « 
rape, add foe 'anonymity 
bid in . no way 


A Government new danse w&e 
Housing *Ml Plamutax HBffi 
which Mr Jobs ftne*, Muster 
for Htewfegr arid wmrid http 
foster teams’ cooperatives, wus 
agreed to at report stage V 
; . ft prondearfoat where qtoJfly- 
tom a -deptatfo foe local 


•Ihe Government fooepted H 
new efanse, roofed ~ by v Mr 
Robert - • Jones (West 
Hertfordshire, Qi pnwidfagfer 
a new form of grant towards foe 
costs of imprevemeate or 
repairs to bafidfogs which had 
shared areavmdbading flats. 

Mr John Batten Accepted that J* 
the 1985 Act was aaotnalore. - 
Home faoprovziaettt grants bad 
faffed’ to ' brfp. people.; fe 
bnffffings wfflr:- shared, « 
caramon, areas. .. 

Mr Alfred Doha (Battersea, . 
Lab) asked when wgnld the new 
arrangements would cwiR'toto. 
effect •• r-- . 

Mr Patten: When the BUI 
becomes law.. 

By Geraldine Ndnnan, SaIe Roran Correspondent , ; v ; . 

Secondly, foe~ market ; in 
great sculpture is still a verry 
narrow one and the few con- 
noisseur. buyers prepared » 
pay big money are. very " 
choosy. £ 










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■ ‘S/ 3 

!s; • 
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. •• • Atr 
. sr- 

m ■ ' 

v j- rdnkiiS" 

; . nndafe 

FroHiChri^topber Thomas 

. . Was hmgt^ft 

.Preadsnt ‘Reagan has said 
lhai he would use force against 
Syria. or Iran if he were. given 
-gear evidence linking either to 
. terrorism against Americans, 

and has leaf&Tned his willing- 
ness to attack "Libya again if it 
conspired in furtb&- acts 
' a gains t US citizens.. 

"State-sponsored terrorism 
- is a form of warfare, and you 
just .-cannot at by and let 
somebody else declare war on 
you and pretend that yon are 
stiB at- peace; " he told 
journalists at the White 

. "He added that he had been 
encouraged by new allied re- 
sponses to terrorism, “a spite 
Of the feet that they .(fid not 
come asfar as we would Eke". 
He praised the sharing of 
. jnteffigence between the US 
. and western Europe. 

In drawing a distinction 
between Libya and the other 
■ two countries.- Mr Reagan said- 
it was "much more difficult to 
trace the source of terrorism 
sponsored by others Than it is 
with Libya . Syria and Iran 
are on a- State Department fist 
of countries sponsoring 

.The Secretary of State, Mr 
George Shultz, asked in a 

and Iran warned 
will use force 
links proved 

Mark Thatcher’s 
flat threatened 

Corpus Christ^ Texas 
(AFP) - Mr Mark Thatcher, 
son of the Prime Monger, has 
been asked to leave his flat m 
Dallas, after threats connected 
with the raid on Libya, a. local 
newspaper reported yesterday. 

The tenants* association 
asked Mm to leave by today 
after the State Department 
requested that dose-morit 
television be set np in die 

television interview how close 
the US was to .mounting an 
operation against Iran and 
Syria, said: “We do not have 
any plans for such, an 
operation." But Mr Reagan 
had shown that the US would 
use its military power in the 
fight against terrorism. • 

Mr Shultz said that he 
assumed that Colonel Gadaffi 
was. still the dominant figure 
in Ubya. 

The Times reported on 
Wednesday that a five-man 
military junta may have di- 
vested Colonel Gadaffi of 
exclusive control after the US 
air raids. Mr Shultz said:“We 
see reports of a more collec- 
tive kmd of leadership." But 

he said that these were reports, 
and added: "I don't have any 
basis for making a 

Tripoli worried by 
EEC’s attitude 

From Robert Fisk.TrfpoIi 

The Lib yan s have respond- 
ed to the EEC's new measures 
against Colonel Gadaffi's re- 
gime with an unusually re- 
strained warning that they 
reserve the right to take 
“appropriate steps" when the 
.restrictions come into force. 

The Community, according 
to the Libyan Foreign Minis- 
try, was “ominously adopting 
the frenzied actions fed by the 
USA and Britain" and demon- 
strating its "submission and 
subservience" to Washington 
and London. • -. ■ 

The idea that the Europeans 
may fell into . Hne behind 
President Reagan's policy is 
evidently worrying the Liby- 
ans, who have always as- 
sumed they could rely, at the 
least, oh Italy, Greece and 
Spain for sympathy. Libya’s 
economy. can survfcrewrthout 
the Americans but^priH be in 
gravedangenfEnropean tech- 1 
■ niefens here were farther -en- 
couraged to leave by- their, 
governments. Thus the- Liby- 
an statement was made. more 
in pain , than in anger. • 

European interests, accord- 
ing to the Libyan formula, are 
‘individually and politically 
finked to the Arabpeopte" — a 
notion which dearly does not 
appeal to the hundreds of 
Italian and British dependents 
who have been gradually leav- 
ing^LIbya since the airport 

The Foreign Ministry's 
statement referred again to 
Britain’s- role in last week’s 
American air raid - as "com- . 
pfidty in aggression" but ex- 

pressed surprise that other 
European nations; which had 
condemned the US raids, 
should subsequently align 
themselves with Bri tain. 

There was no comment 
from any Libyan ministry 
yesterday on the bomb at the 
: British Airways office in Ox- 
ford Street, London. 

- A statement by the Minister 
of Information on Wednesday 
night warned that American 
mid Israeli intelligence ser- 
vices were planning a bomb 
attack-in Europe which would 
then be -blamed an Libya — a 
statement which could also 
have presaged an attack fry 
Libyans or provided a future 
excuse for one. There was, 
however, iio way to link the 
-two events dot any immediate 
reason to do so. .. 

Libyan _ attention - is now 
being directed, hopefully, to- 
wards; thej Soviet .Union and 
foe moral support shown by 
foe .return ~of Soviet naval 
vessels to Libyan harbours. 
The official news agency here 
says three Soviet cruisers bare 
berthed in foe country’s ports 
during the past two days. 

At the same time, there has 
been intense air activity over 
Tripoli by foe Libyan Air 
Force whose jets flew over foe 
harbour for four hours on 
Wednesday night and in foe 
early- hours of yesterday. 
A group of Mirage military 
aircraft could be seen swoop- 
ing over foe port at midday. 
The Libyans are still fearful 
foe Americans may return. 


Mr Shultz had been asked if 
'Colonel Gadaffi was still foe 
"sole and undisputed leader of 
Ubya". He saifo“I can't give 
you a definitive answer on 

Mr Shultz praised effusively 
Mrs Thatcher, and said that 
the US would obviously con- 
sult Britain if it again wanted 
to use its bases in any military 
operation against Libya. 

The US bad foe highest 
regard for Mrs Thatcher, and 
her judgement lay very heavi- 
ly with President Reagan, “on 
everything. not just 

Meanwhile. Pentagon offi- 
cials yesterday categorically 
denied that US warplanes had 
used anti-personnel duster 
bombs in their strikes on 
terrorist targets m Tripoli last 
week But they confirmed that 
Navy jets dropped duster 
bombs on foe Benina military 
airport to damage Soviet-built 
jets on foe tarmac. 

“It was 2 am Libyan time 
and we knew there was little 
likelihood of any harm even to 
military personnel at Benina 
military airport from the 
bombs," one official said. 

tape sent 
to London 

Beirut (Reuter) — The Brit- 
ish Embassy here yesterday 
sent to London for identifica- 
tion a video-cassette purport- 
ing to show the hanging of the 
British journalist, Mr Alec 

An embassy source said 
officials here had viewed the 
tape but he would not say 
whether any of them could 
identify the dead man. 

Mr CoQett. aged 64, was 
kidnapped in March last year 
while on an assignment for the 
United Nations Relief and 
Works Agency for Palestinian 

An agency official who 
knew him said: "I hare seen 
the film, but I cannot make a 
positive identification". 

In. London, foe Foreign 
Office said it could not con- 
firm Mr Collett was dead and 
so bad asked foe Beirut em- 
bassy to secure the film. 

. The video-cassette was de- 
livered to foe Beirut newspa- 
per an-Nahar an Wednesday 

• NEW YORK: Seaor Javier 
Perez de Cuellar, foe Secretary 
General of the United Na- 
tions, yesterday reacted with 
"outrage and revulsion" to 
news of the video tape 
(Zoriana Pysariwsky writes). 

In a statement read out by 
his spokesman, Sefior de 
OteUar said he was anxiously 
seeking to verify w 
Collett “has in feet been killed 
or whether this is a macabre 
and ill-intentioned charade". 

Puzzle of the missed targets 

By Nicholas Ashford 
Diplomatic Correspondent 

The Unified States has; been 
unable to explain satisfactori- 
ly to Britain why some of the 
bombs dropped on Libya by its 
Fill aircraft feU on dvifian 
areas, despite spetiai proce- 
dures to ensure their accuracy. 

Although an inquiry is un- 
der way into the reasons for 
foe collateral damage, US 
sources said yesterday ft may 
iMi-be possible to provide the 
British — or the PentagoOrfor 
that matter — with a satisfac- 
tory explanation. 

- They stressed, however, 
that the Fill pilots had 
adhered to the strict rates of 
engagement which Mrs Mar- 
! Thatcher bad insisted on 
ire giving President Rea- 
_ mission to operate the 
aircraft from British bases. ; 

The Prime Minister had 
demanded assurances that the 
five targets attacked would be 
military installatio ns for from 
civilian areas. She had also 
asked for special targetting 
procedures to be wed to 
ensure maximum accuracy. 

US sources said foe pilots 

Gadaffi tells Moscow 
of his gratitude 

Moscow (Reuter) — Colonel 
Gadaffi thanked Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov for Moscow’s con- 
demnation of foe US air raids 
on Libya m an interview m 
Pravda yesterday. ■ 

The Libyan leader spoke of 
his "deep satisfaction” over 
Moscow's position. . 

In his speeches the Soviet 
leader “had not only resolute- 
ly condemned the aggressor 
that attacked Libya, bin be 

also seriously wanted (of) it,” 
Colonel Gadaffi said. 

Mr Gorbachov had written 
him a note hours after foe 
raids expressing solidarity 
with him and “moral politi- 
cal, diplomatic and military 
support” for his Government. 

Colonel Gadaffi also sug- 
gested that foe UN headquar- 
ters be moved immediately 
from New York to 

had used a double-locking 
laser targeting device which 
should have ensured pinpoint 
accuracy. A pilot has to get two 
“fixes" on his target 
releasing his bombs. 

“Sadly, something went 
wrong," an American official 
said. However, he said some 
pilots had jettisoned then- 
bombs in foe sea because they 
had not been able to guarantee 
bitting specified targets. 

He said so me of the damage 
might have beea caused by foe 
Fill that crashed. 

West Beirut 

Beirut (Reuter) — Seven 
French teachers were evacuat- 
ed from Muslim west Beirut 
yesterday by armed French 
Embassy guards. 

At leak 10 embassy guards 
wearing bulletproof jackets 
look foe evacuees in a convoy 
of four cars across foe Green 
Line dividing the capital to 
Christian east Beirut. 

“ All of them are teachers," 
one guard affirmed. 

Soviet energy deal clinched 

From Christopher Walker 

Anglo-Soviet relations re- 
ceived an important boost 
yesterday with foe signing of 1 
lar-reaching agreement on en- 
emy co-operation, ranging 
ftom offehore ofl-exptoranon 
to the disposal of nuclear 

The three-page agreement 
was hailed as a triumph for 
pragmatism by Mr Peter 
Walker, the Energy Secretary, 
who said that during three 
davs of intensive negotiations 
- 'which included meetings 
with three Soviet deputy 
prime ministers and six minis- 
ters - foe’ subject of Ubya 
"was not mentioned once . 

Mr Walker’s visit, the first 

by a Cabinet minister for two 
years, was seen in diplomatic 
curies as evidence that the 
recent gradual - improvement 
in Anglo-Soviet ties was con- 
tinuing in spite of foe abuse 
heaped on the Thatcher Gov- 
ernment in the wake of the 
Libyan affair. 

Mr Walker said that the 
agreement signed on the Sovi- 
et side by Mr Gury Marchuk, 
influential chairman of foe 
Slate Committee for Science 
and Technology, represented 
“a considerable step forward" 
for relations between London 
and Moscow. 

“This is a practical under- 
standing. It is not a vague, 
platitudinous document as is 
often the case with interna- 

tional agreements of this 
nature,” Mr Walker said. 

"It is a major agreement 
that over the next five years 
could have considerable im- 
pact on trade and economic 
relations between foe two 

The new agreement pro- 
vides for joint working parties 
on energy saving, offshore ofl 
and gas exploration, coal and 
nuclear energy. 

Senior British officials de- 
nied suggestions that the re- 
fusal of two senior Kremlin 
figures — including Mr 
Nikolai Ryzhkov, the Prime 
Minister — to meet Mr Walker 
represented any form of diplo- 
matic snub to Britain because 
of its role in the bombing of 



Anger at 
raids on 

From Diana Geddes 

French police raids on 
newspaper offices and the 
detention of three journalists 
in the course of an anii- 
tcrrorisi investigation have 
provoked angry reactions 
from left-wing MPs, lawyers 
and journalists. 

The police were investigat- 
ing foe attempted assassina- 
tion by Anion Directe. foe 
extreme-left terrorist group, of 
foe vice-president of the 
French employers’ associa- 

Two of foe journalists were 
freed yesterday. The third is 
still held. 

M Roland Dumas, a former 
Socialist Foreign Minister, 
protested angrily .■“The Minis- 
ter of the Interior said that he 
was going to terrorize terror- 
ists; he is beginning with 

The lawyers' union, Le 
Syndicat des Avocats de 
France, described foe raids as 

The main federation of 
journalists’ unions denounced 
“a repressive practice which 
will inevitably cast suspicion 
on a profession which is 
witness to certain events with- 
out actually participating in 

M Gilles Millet, aged 35. an 
assistant editor speriaEzing in 
police affairs at foe left-wing 
daily Liberation, was arrested 
at bis desk and detained for 
questioning for 24 hours be- 
fore being released yesterday. 

M Marc Franceleu aged 39, 
a journalist with the weekly 
political journal VSD. was 
arrested at his office and is still 
being held. 

A third journalist, Frantz 
Lefrancois, who works for the 
photographic agency Vu, was 
released after questioning. 

The police apparently found 
nothing of interest to their 
inquiries at either the Libcra- 

President Mitterrand greeting a boy after arriving in Trier, 

West Germany, for talks with Chancellor Helmut KohL 

lion or VSD offices. Both M 
Millet and M Francelet were 
known to have met on several 
occasions one of foe two men 
being held by police in con- 
nection with foe attempted 
assassination on April 15 of M 
Guy Brana, vice-president of 
foe employers* association. 

M Albin Chalandon, the 
Minister of Justice, insisted 

that foe Government had 
nothing to do with foe affair. 
“The courts are independent." 
he said. “The examining mag- 
istrate is independent He 
alone decides what he does. If 
he has deemed it right to lake 
this action, it is his affair, not 
mine. I do not know what all 
foe examining magistrates in 
France are doing." 

King’s resistance 
to coup praised at 
Oxford ceremony 


King Juan Carlos was 
awarded a Doctor of Civil 
Law degree by special diploma 
at Oxford Univereity yester- 
day on the third day of ms 

state visit , 

At the ceremony in Wren s 
Sheldonian Theatre, foe suc- 
cess of foe King in stopping an 
army coup in Spain five years 
ago was described hi Latin 
military terms. 

Thanking foe University, 
foe King, dressed in foe red 
doctor’s robes, emphasized 
“foe singularly important ties 
that my country has main- 
tained, and must always main- 
tain. with foe United King- 

The King also publicly 
nudged the EEC council of 
ministers to approve Erasmus, 
the scheme for financing inter- 
changes of students between 
various European universities 
on a scale never paralleled 

After foe ceremonial Latin 
required of a degree ceremony 
was over. Lord Stockton, the 
university chancellor and for- 
mer prime minister, described 
whal he said united the Span- 
ish and British people. 

“Your people like ours are 
very strong in their characters. 
The British people perceive 
themselves as having foe same 
qualities as yours have, those 
of a tough people not very 
wilting to give up anything 
once begun." 

Lord Stockton told the 
King:“You have had a varied 
life and at the beginning of it 
uncertainty. You took on a 
post of great difficulty at a 
very difficult time." 

The Chancellor ended his 
speech by wishing the King 
“as a very old man happiness 
and success in your great 
task." The King applauded 

Praising Oxford’s Spanish 
studies and those of “other 
places” foe King invited Span- 
ish bankers and British busi- 
nessmen to assure foe endow- 
ment of a Queen Sofia 
lectureship in Spanish at Exe- 
ter College could be inaug- 
eraied this autumn. 

Many Spaniards working 
and living in England had 
come to Oxford to see the 

Parliament, page 4. 

Swazi drums herald 
a coronation day 

Mbabane (AFP) — Naked 
maidens swayed to traditional 
drumming here yesterday in a 
final rehearsal before three 
days of festivities marking foe 
coronation today of Pnnce 
Makhosetive, aged 1 8. as King 
of Swaziland. 

Heads of state, royalty and 
other representatives of about 
35 countries began arriving 
yesterday. Prince and Princess 
Michael of Kent representing 
the Queen, were greeted by 
Prince Bhekimpi, foe Prime 
Minister, and a 21-gun salute 
and guard of honour. 

Among the guests was Miss 

Maureen ' Reagan, daughter of 
foe President 

President Botha of South 
Africa was expected to arrive 
today. The Daily Ncaion re- 
ported in Nairobi yesterday 
that President Moi of Kenya 
had decided not to attend 
because of the South African 

One special guest is Mr 
Ralph Mowat, headmaster of 
Sherborne school in Dorset, 
where the Crown Prince has 
been studying. The new King 
is expected to return there 
soon to lake his final 

give us 


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The Duchessof 

neic. doid ui 1U115-HMIW— — 
American families, had come 
from Baltimore for Mr 

Warfield's health. He died five 

months after his daughters 

Miss Warfield spent her 
earliest years with her mother 

• in a kind of genteel poverty. At 
one point her mother took in 

* paying guests and. according 
! to the daughter, fed them so 
; well that expenses outran 
< income. 

Miss Warfield went to 
Arundell. a .girls’ schjml ;n 
Baltimore, with the bills paid 
bv her prosperous bachelor 
uncle. Solomon Davies War- 
field. In 1912 she entered 
Oldfields, a finishing school. 

She was presented to society 
in 1914 at the most desirable 
coming-out party in Balti- 
more. the Bachelors Cotilhon. 
Mother and daughter had 
moved into a small apart- 


About that time she hadher 
horoscope read. ll»J- 
will lead a woman s Die, 

come to you*wuTbe*reia*®^ to 
a man." 

™divonm.g, marryi^ jblff Morgan, lady Fnr- 
tiJriS ne4 The latter was 1 

Tbeuna Eady 

ness. The latter was at that 
time the most 

an companion of the Pnnce ot 

She wrote of this incident W(1WI . 

-1 do n« suggestthat the . November 1930 

zss&sragSS fessas 

to find a job. But perhaps our n we am* n — — i, rmrt a 
.. . icinn*; are not 

ill mw B — — - «• . 

conscious decisions are not 
SS> based on consaous 

4-: >.••••; 

She was then seeing a good 

deal of Ernest Simpson, a 
Briton who was living mNew 
York. He decided to return to 
England, where he would run 
the London office of his 

if she ana ner ™ 

go up 10 Burrough Court, a 
country house at Melton 
Mowbray, and substitute for 
her as chaperons at a weekend 
house party that was to in- 
dude the prince. 

Wallis Warfield in 1913 at 
school in Virginia. 

The day after she was first 
presented to the prince, Mrs. 
England, wnere ne ^ * -** was seated beside 

Sr London. offioeofh'J SSS^limch. taJnne Mre 

SsSSSr i 

Mr Simpson and his Amen-- court 








the biggest thing about 





situation- ^ 
Dnches?. Shew** 
absent fro® : Prmcn 




is usually the price 

Continued from page 1 -- 

Vw ftris n> 1™ 81 

tributes or of memory Ow *' 

of the- few to recall *be 

her contemporary “w-®®?-- 
time fellow socmlite, 

Diana Cooper, 

.who remembcced. her 
soul of discretion. . ■ . - 

«§he wpsfitih Mdomin i»t,» 
and ! was yen • flinessas much asprotocoL 

TTjcJCingwotsfaipp^htt-Tte Tjgwjg Wallis WfctfiekU was 

Duchess was a Jgy fog * jborii.-tit'gm. 
person: she ^as-VKY^hnm^ sS^^T^«nsyiranra».^ 
ous and she xnaite^eKm#. ajbough there are those 
laugh- She who would claim thar she was 

^.death may ba«rn the m^^fcntoengL 
solution to two n^sttsjesvg ^ • was born in: 1 j94. S te 
was her puHichrSB»d>^ met toe to™ $***•* 
tfat the; love ietiersibeiu«CT; wales by accident" m 1938. 
heraelfandtiieKm|*®jj2?* when both found toenwhw 
| published after she had foa&a ^ house party givabyLadJ 
t dedsion based large|y onJ>» Furness at Borou^i Cmirt. 

«»th ilu idCTiaon‘ ‘ *<r„...F.rav T n- 

^5!f aS ^Mwnrd Mowbiay. It* 

Tandon is the exception 

'W - 

cmes. “Edward ««« ----- ^etiiire. ■■ 7 .>-.• •■ - . 

Simpson" andwidianjjj^r “^TOs^tnmnedtoher^ 

of unauthorned biography - second husband, EroestSim^ 

Those who have studjed ^ a Landon -ihipbroi?^' - 
their lives cannot agreeupon Her first, unsuccessful mown 
who was the dominant partner ^ a United- States 

in the relationship. lieutenant* Mr. can 

Spencer.Shc was asparkhng: 
»cialite but,. 
admission, anther- JbejtitiW 
A second mystery concerns nor pretty. - - 

of the. Duchess’s a^rjjwtootart^^ 

^Kacular collection of y&r 

me reiauvustui* 

Mystery over 
Duchess’s jewels 

A *»nd nyaay ««» 

I # ~ 

-t ilk 




*•••'. i\A 


Tandon suggest you decide simply on perfoiumuce. And price. 

the mice or »w:» rri 
T& Duke daimed in bis sbie mebmcboir lK ^dmnrt 
lifetae that be. bad news fa; aMrtyjndfa^^ 
purloined any item which non^ fc^doMwi 
Sooeriy belonged to the Bnt- conversation, but hiost ■ o| 

^ royaJ collection, tout .there her ^ ^ 

has nonetheless been much- 'But-fbeestaHjAme^mj® 
speculation as to whether.tfae day coirid. 

Duchms would leave her. trear. prospect of a wic^hv^ced 

2S*r!«-fcr rf t 

! rt3ib\ 

.. A ' : 

Royal Family, .or 
French state m ?ctaOw- 
ledgement of its hospjtafity to 
the couple since. 1936,-. and 
their provision, of- a 
peppercorn rent . . , 

She gave 1 some ot nw 
jewellery to Princess wchael 
of Kent as a 'wedding pt«*£ 
in 1978, and much \of the. 
remainder is on display ai rne 
Cartier showrooms m Pans. 

The very feet that; the 
Duchess of Windsor is to be 
buried it.-Fhmnore «•- jg: 
indication that there has been 
some softening of the Royal 
Family's official attitude over 
the years.. In. 1957 the Duke 
bought a burial ptot in .Green. 

1 Mount cemetery, Balnmore,. 
but "it would have , been^ a 


media ' drew a direct roa 
loud- veil over jtiifr. entD* 

C °^ h KimeTv Sni^, 
ley..Baldwuu impressed upw 
the King that the natjon 
not tolerate theraamage^ 
swiftly ruled ^ut the -KiDgJ 

proposal 4jf.amor£3ntic,tna^ 

riage. ' : ■.- •• ; ' ~ 

• The King was not-wnhoB*. 
supporters, including * 
money cotiec&aa & .Wjnaoj 

ChurehilL Sir Oswald Mosjg. 
and Bernard. .Shaw, -Wff 
should not the Kingnffliry'»* 
CtiuV inquired OnacJnJJ-^J' 
' ind does not .want a 1 Qu^ 
itie, retorted Nod Cowatt 

MR r 


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LVlUUUk .1 UIUC, «WW«“ ■ t Z n ihe 

but it would have been a Hitler, however, 
patent rnibariassmeat tohave couple met : during z mu gf 
afbrmer King of Engfend and ; criticized tout ofGenna^ 
Emperor of India tiuriedinau thought she would Imzjnaac 
American public cemetery.. . .. a s^endid queen!. - ; 

No derails have eyer been. 

American public cemetery.. . 

. No details have ever been. the uncrowned Xing ' F®; 

made Icnown. of vri»t ti*® 0 **: . ward ' VIE had rae»d wr. jP 
tion took place betw^n toe- and_2L days w henff 

Duke of. Windsor and, .the -„*** his rhomentota bfg^ 
Queen, but ittos been suggsir nation: "■ .h^J 

ed that the Duke womd omy ^ und frnpossibte to -caiw 
agree to buri^ tn tbe heavy burden- Of respon»- 

piace at Windsor if hi5 wife without; the 

could be buried beside him. dn^ort of the woman Trove. 

There were occasional teffT Duke of Windsbr ®: 

tative efforts at public ream- — • - — ^ a*..- the 

iauvc gaiui w wass I reganled - rt r . » / "JS . 

ciliation. The Qwen^mm toe nn ki nd^sicutbfallthat,w^ft 

1 — "“ iplw -' m ■ ^ hmtber Kina Geofffi*} 


I„ case you didn’t know, Tandon i. the world’s largest manufacturer of dtsk dnves. 
We go, there, by simply doing everything in our power to mak e these highly 
and - costly parts not only better but less expensively. 1 

Please send me details of Tandon mierocomputeis. 

Duchess pnyatdy^m^j his feother King 
when toe Duke.was a, patient dg( j recd fi^t he 
in the Lradon Cte,. w ' sMedHtiRoyaft 

again puWiriy m 1967 when — 

the Duke and Duchets woe ■ 

invited . to. London 

unveiling of a . 

Ten days before toe 9j^ i 

death in” 1972 toe Queen paid Mother « tos ^ , ] 

fbrief visit to SSr Pans ' 1 

• ' iFimvce. disffice to began 1 

COStiy parts w.*./ - UmSmm m * - 

we’re doing the same for whole microcomputers. CompucerOJK] Ltd. 

Tisdon — 

a brief Visit to their Pans pumciuute-uini^oT 
home during a viatto France, dislike that 
S Stone of his fiineral. 
the Duchess stayed at Buck- 

. , . .. 

Computer (UK) Ltd. IM> Jf.HM I »«»- 4jj?4 «s “Her RojsJJffi^V . > 

ashi«,B97 5XP- Telephone: 0527/46800, 0527/4 J 203. * tKIDS removed from the events OUSS . ■ 

Company/ Address: 



1 V 

The Queen meeting the Duchess of Windsor in May, 1972, at the Windsors* Paris home during the Duke's illness; and the Duke and 

A bishop lit the fuse 
but The Times fired 
the fateful salvoes 

By Clifford Longley, Religious Affairs Correspondent 

The gravest constitutional The editor of the Yorkshire been appearing in the Ameri- 
crisis concerning the monar- Post. Arthur Mann, was well can newspapers, defended the 
chy this century was first made known to the editor of The decision of the British press to 
known to the general public Times. Geoffrey Dawson, who remain silent in the hope that 

of Bradford, Dr Blunt, broke 
the official silence at a dioce- 
t \ san conference in Yorkshire. 

* • The Yorkshire Post gave it 

wider circulation, and The 
Times made it a national 
issue. It was Dr Blum who 
triggered the process which led 
to the Abdication. 

On December I, 1936 the 
bishop, who like most mem- 
bers of the ruling -'establish- 
ment knew very well what was 
going on, expressed the hope 
to ms conference of local 
clergy that “the king was 
aware of his need for God's 
grace at his Coronation, and 
his wish that he gave more 
positive signs of his 

The life 

* of Bessie 

1896: Born Bessie Warfield in 
Baltimore, Maryland. 

1899: Wallis Warfield, her 
father, dies: millionaire bache- 
lor uncle takes her in. 

1916: Marries Lt-Com 
Winfield Spencer, US Navy, 
complains of “rootless, ever- 
shifting Navy existence”. 
1920: Glimpses Edward. 
Prince of Wales, at a naval 
reception in California. 

1927: Divorced from Spencer. 
1928: Marries Ernest Simp- 
soru son of a British father and 
I American mother, her junior 

* • by a year. 

1935: Mentioned in American 
press as the member of a party 
that visited Vienna with the 
Prince of Wales. 

1936: King George V dies: the 
Prince Of Wales made Edward 
VTH; Simpsons are mentioned 
in court circulars as ■frequent 
guests; Simpsons divorce 
amid a growing political row; 
the King abdicates and de- 
scribes Mrs Simpson as “the 
woman I love”; Edward be- 
comes the Duke of Windsor; 
his brother King George VI; 
Mrs Simpson leaves London 
as her house is surrounded by 
stone-throwing mobs; H.L. 

£1 Mencken calls the abdication 
the “greatest news story since 
the resurrection.” 

1937: The Duke and Mrs 
Simpson marry in France and 
move to a large home in Paris; 
they are widely criticized for 
friendly meeting with Hitler, 
who savs he is “entranced^ . 
1940: The Windsors move to 
London, via Madrid, as the 
Germans march on Paris; the 
Duke is made Governor of the 
Bahamas for the duration. 
1956: The Duchess publishes 
her first book. The Heart Has 
l its Reasons, which fuels spec- 
ulation of a rift with the royal 

family. . ‘ ^ 

1961: Criticized for extrava- 
gant living, the Duchess com- 
plains in a magazine article of 
the royal family's treatment of 
the Duke. • . 

1965: The Duke has. three 
operations in London; the 
Queen visits the couple 

. 1967 : The Duke visits London 
for his first official meeung 
jjjV 't with his mree. foe Queen- 
*» 1972: The Duke dies and the 
Duchess breaks a hip. 

1978: The Duchess angered by 

die planned TV senes Edward 
andAfrs Simpson. 

1986 The DucbesvstiU rater 

in the unfolding events before 
and after that fatal day. A 
number of Times leading arti- 
cles had already dropped ob- 
scure hints about the need for 
the king to remember his 
constitutional obligations. 
There was said to be a draft 
“emergency leader” in the 
office, ready for use at. a 
moment's notice. 

So they both knew what Dr 
Blunt was talking about, and 
were both party to an extraor- 
dinary establishment conspir- 
acy to keep it quiet as long as 

But they both felt that Dr 
Blunt's oblique reference was 
enough to force their hands. 

So the Yorkshire Post pub- 
lished a report of Dr Blunt's 
comments, together with a 
leading article, both of which 
were seen by Dawson before 
they appeared on the York- 
shire streets. 

The leader went further 
than any British press com- 
ment had so far done, telling 
English readers for the first 
time what Americans had 
been able to read for weeks. 
Dawson nevertheless took 
steps to persuade other Fleet 
Street edirors to keep silent for 
a day longer, on the basis that 
The Times would hold fire for 
another day too. 

Dawson was in close touch 
with Baldwin, and through 
him, with the king, who 
appeared to believe that the 
publication in the Yorkshire 
Post had been carefully or- 
chestrated by Baldwin, Daw- 
son, and the Archbishop of 
Canterbury. ___ 

Meanwhile The Times 
bought that one more day's 
delay with a leader extolling 
the civic virtues of the Duke 
and Duchess of York, a coded 
message if ever there was one. 
Bui Dawson felt he could wait 
no longer than that The 
emergency leader was re- writ- 
ten. and published. 

It told readers what had 

relationship with Mrs Simp- 
son would go away, and then 
demanded a “reassuring" 
statement from the king if the 
monarchy was not to be 

It spoke, damningfy, of the 
prospect of a marriage “in- 
compatible with the throne.” 

But before it appeared there 
was an extraordinary inter- 
vention by the king himself 
He instructed the Prime Min- 
ister to approach The Times. 
find out what was intended, 
and stop it The king seemed 
to believe that a personal 
attack on Mrs. Simpson was 
imminent Baldwin explained 
that he had no control over 
The Times or any other paper. 

The Times then let loose a 
broadside of leaders on the 
following days. That on Fri- 
day December 4 was quite 
explicit the objection to Mrs 
Simpson was her two di- 
vorces. “The objection, con- 
scientiously held by millions 
of the king's subjects, was not 
remediable by law." 

Next day the king informed 
Baldwin that he had decided 
to abdicate, but nothing was 
said publicly and the cam- 
paign continued. 

This was when The Times 
became most thunderous. 

Referring to Mrs Simpson, 
it declared: “The constitution 
is to be amended in order that 
she may carry in solitary 
prominence the brand of un- 
fitness for the Queen's 
Throne." It caused a storm. 

On December 10 the Prime 
Minister announced the Abdi- 
cation to the House of Com- 
mons, and The Times passed 
judgement next day that the 
king “was unfortunate in 
some of his intimates" but 
would otherwise have made 
an excellent king. 

What Dr Blunt thought 
about it is not known; he 
returned to the obscurity from 
which he had so briefly 
emerged just to light the fuse. 

‘ mm 

The Duke, then Governor-General of the Bahamas, at a golf exhibition in Nassau with the Duchess in 1941; and die couple datadng fa New York in 1951. 

Secluded white house 
mourns a bygone age 

From Susan MacDonald, Paris 

Social whirl replaced by a 
decade as virtual recluse 

■ No 4, rae de Champ 
d'Entnunement, is a huge, 
elegant white boose in its own 
grounds off the road behind 
high fences In the heart of the 
Bois de Boulogne in the su- 
premely elegant district of 

It was here, at borne, that 
the Duchess of Windsor died 
yesterday, on one of the 
Paris’s first spring-like days, 
with the blossom coming out 
and spots of white daisies chi 
foe newly-green lawn. 

The tall black metal gates 
gave no indication of who lived 
there, only a number 4 and a 
small plaque, due. n mediant. 

All foe first-floor windows 
overlooking foe garden were 
shattered yesterday, as were 
some of the tall French win- 
dows on foe grvmd floor. 
There was an air of peace, 
disturbed only by foe birds 
and the cries of children in a 
garden across the road. 

Three or four frail, elderly 
friends, with foe elegance of a 
bygone age, came to pay their 
last respects. They were re- 
ferred politely fry foe manser- 
vant, George, to foe British 

The quiet scow changed as 
journalists and photographers 
turned op to wait and watch at 
the gates. Thai the police 
arrived to make sore that no 
unauthorized person got in. 

The occasional passer-by 
stopped to ask foe reason for 
the crowd. “She gave op the 
crown of England,” said one 
middle-aged French lady in 
awe, leading an Afghan the 
size of a small horse. 

A busload of Japanese tour- 
ists stopped to stare. It started 
to rain: sriD the camera crews 
and the photographers and the 1 
police remained in place. Bat 
nothing seemed to penetrate 
the sectarian of foe big white 

For the past 10 years, foe 
Duchess of Windsor had lived 
foe life of a virtual red use, 
increasingly confined by ar- 
thritis to an armchair in her 
room, rarely going out, not 
following events in the outside 
world, and seeing only a very 
few intimate friends and 

When her husband died in 
1 972 after a long illness, foe at 
first made an effort to keep up 
her past “mondain” life, visit- 
ing the big fashion houses, 
going to the opera, dining at 
Maxim's, inviting friends to 
foe house, such as Lord and 
Lady MOnkton, Sir Oswald 
and Lady Mosley, Lord Ten- 
nyson, Princess Ghislaine de 
Polignac, and Prince Edouard 
de Potignac. 

But her heart was not in it, 
and her health got steadily 

From Diana Geddes, Paris J 

She seemed to be constantly 
in and out of the American 
Hospital, near her bouse in the 
Bois de Boulogne, suffering 
from a series of complaints — 
a fractured femur, a stomach 
haemorrhage, septicaemia, 
and endless lung problems. 

Her trips abroad, notably to 
foe US where foe no longer 
had any family, came to an 
end, and she retired more and 
more into her home, loaned to 
her and her husband by the 
City of Paris since their arrival 
in France at a nominal rent of 
300 francs (£90) a year, sur- 
rounded fry five faithful re- 
tainers who were with her 
when she died. 

During the past few years, 
her health deteriorated sharp- 
ly. She became virtually blind, 
was unable to speak, and 
could only take liquid nour- 

Her memory went almost 

entirety, and she was no longer 
able to recognize friends. 

But her maids continued to 
dress her hair daily, and her 
impeccably kept room was 
always full of flowers. 

Her last visit to Britain was 
in 1973, on foe anniversary of 
the death of her husband, 
when she was invited to tea 
with foe Queen — only foe 
third time that the two bad 

They were not to meet 
again, but the Queen contin- 
ued to send her flowers and 
messages, which were brought 
to her fry the wife of the British 
Ambassador in Paris. 

She is reported to have 
given instructions that her 
love fetters to her husband, 
■first as the Prince of Wales, 
then as King Edward VIII, and 
finally as the Duke of Wind- 
sor. be published after her 


The Rt Rev AWF Blunt, Bishop of Bradford, who made public the wefl-fchown secret; and 
an official portrait issued at the time of Mrs Ernest Simpson, later the Dachas of Windsor. 

“The Duke and Dacfaess of Windsor meeting Adolf Hitler in Monkfoin Octeber, 1937. 









No-onewants, needs or benefits from the Wapping dispute. 

To end it, News Internationa! are offering the print unions their 
Gray’s Inn Road printing plant. It covers 300,000 square feet, has 
computerised typesetting, and 60 printing presses of the type used 
at Wapping. We’re offering it as agift to the unions to use on their own 
behalf —whether to print other newspapers or produce their own. 


The strike that led to the Wapping dispute was needless; 

News I nternational sought to dissuade the unions from it. 
Nonetheless, to relieve any hardship their attitude and this dispute 
has caused, we are prepared to offer compensation, although we 
have no legal obligation to do so. We will pay cash compensation, 
equivalent to statutory redundancy, to any of our former employees 
forwhomthe unions cannot find a job at Gray’s Inn Road: asum of 
money which could amount to £15 million. 


This offer is unparalleled in the history of industrial relations. 

We are inviting a former workforce to become afuture management. 
To run their own business, in whatever manner —and with whatever 
manning levels — they see fit. To take over a viable business, that at 
the moment prints The Guardian . To become, if they so choose, 
owners and managers of their own newspapers. 

We believe that this offer is far-sighted, fair and imaginative. 

We hope that the unions accept it They have until May 7th to talk to us. 

News International pic 











strategy on 


With fittfe more thana week 
lo go before the Tokyo sum- 
mil meeting of seven industri- 
al nations, Japan • looks 

vulnerable on thekey issues of 

both the trade suiplus and 
terrorism. - 

• The stnucgyofMr Yasnlmo 
Nakasone, the Prime Mims- 
ter, of defusing the trade issue 
m advance is looking tattered 
amid widespread entkasm at 
home of his handling of the 
Maekawa Report — conums- 
aoned by the Prime Minister 
horn a hand-picked commit- 
tee of .experts — which mged 
an "historic transformation” 
of foe Japanese economy from 
Jts excessive dependence on 

■The Prime Minister sent « y 
report back for revision, and it 
was released just before he 
went to Washington, where it 

was warmly welcomed by foe 

Reagan Administration as an 
important breakthrough. 

Before leaving, foe Prime 
Minister likened the task out- 
lined by the report to that of a 
schoolboy trying to climb 
Mount Everest “ Bui,” he 

said," we think that we can do 
it and it W31 be done,** a dear 
commitment to implement its 

However, the foreign minis- 

From David Watts, Tokyo 

try backtracked on that com- 
mitment yesterday, saying 
that Mr Nakasone had never 
represented the report as gov- 
ernment policy in Washington 
and that it was not committed 
to it. 

. "It is not government 
policy,*’ said Mr Yoshio 

Hatano, the foreign ministry 
spokesman."! understand that 
Bor Nakasone agrees with, 
large parts of this report and 
his intention is to implement 
it, but when and how is not 
decided as yet ... I do not 

al commitment to implement 

The opposition has accnsed . 
Mr Nakasone of misrepresent- 
ing government policy, with 
the attendant risk of causing 
further friction with foreign 
countries, and foe Jsahi 
Shimbun said in a Teamin g 
article: "The enormity of foe 
consequences of Nakasone's 
pledge at Camp David is not 
lost on us. we doubt that 
Nakasone even tried to ex- 
plain to the US Government 
the difficulties foe industrial 
restructuring will gnferil at 

Because foe report is solely 
a private production, it was 
not officially to foe 

Bitter row erupts 
over Waldheim 

From Richard Bassett, Vienna 

by President 
for a presiden- 
tial election that would dem- 
onstrate Austria's "democracy 
and maturity” went laigety 
unheeded yesterday as hatter 
political exchanges erupted. 

remarks during foe election 

The tension between foe 
two politicians is exacerba t ed 
by foe feet foal Dr Waldheim 
is supported by foe opposition 
conservative People’s Party, 

Herr Kurt Bezgmann, Dr. which insists that allegations 
Kurt Waklheim’s press secre- Bnki^ ; Dr Waldheim with 

tary, incensed the Austrian 
by claiming that a broadcast 

S foe President had dissocial- 
Dr Kirchschlager from a^ 
smear campaign engmeered 
by DrSinowatz: 

Dr Sinowalzyesterday an- 
grily reiterated his belief that 
the election of Dr Waldheim 
would pose a "risk*’ for Aus- 
tria, and that the tormeT, UN. 
Secretary-General had . 'supt 
pressed the. OTfo 4 about<his 

'’^Dr^^^^s i&cd 
President on May A his 
relationship with the Austrian 
Chancellor is Bkdy to be for 
from easy. Dr Waldheim said 
earlier this week that he would 
expect some form of apology 
from Dr Sinowatz for his 

atrocities during the Second 
Worid War all originated from 
Dr Sinowatz^ office: As a 
result, relations between the 
party mid the Government 
have reached an all-time low: 

Memhexs of Dr Sinowatz’s 
Sodahst-Freedom Party coali- 
tion Government have made 
no secret of the feet that then- 
jobs would be much easier if 
. foe. Socialist -candidate. Dr 
JKwt Steyrer, was elected. 

:# NEW YOWfe The Israeli 
iGbvmmnenr will seek to ex- 
amine specific United Nations 
fries on hundreds of suspected 
war criminals after UN offi- 
cials refused to give Israel 
blanket access to all 40,000 
files in the archives (Zenana 
Pysariwsky writes). .. 

i Athens in 
j anti-terror 


From Mario Modiano : 


Mr Andreas Papaudreon, 
fire Greek Prime Minister, 
hastily recoastitated the Min- 
istry of Public Order last nfeht 
and named an ex-army general 
to take charge in the wake of 
growfcig criticism of the Greek 
security farces for foiling to 
cope with terrorism. 

Only nine months a^o this 
ministry was merged with the 
Interior Ministry for the sake 
of economies. The new Public 
Order Minister, Mr Antonis 
Drosoymnnis, was until now 
Minister of State for Defence. 

Mr Papandreon, who has 
held on to the defence portfolio 
rffliB M to power in 1981% 
last SgbT snrSdewd this 
post to his Deputy Prime 
Minister, Mr Yiamus Hara- 
bmbopoolos* who wfll be 
keeping both jobs. 

The changes came in tire 
context of a Hmited Cabinet 
re s h uffle in which Mr Antonis 

Tritsfe, a redteal Socialist, was 

named Education Minister,!*) 
replace Mr Apostate Kakte- 
manis who moves to the 
Ministry of Justice. A new- 
comer in the Cabinet will be 
Mr Marins Nat agnaa, w ho 
takes over as MnWajrf 
Industry, Energy* sod Tech- 
notogy.Mr Gem# Katafores, 

Undersecretary of Commerce, 
was promoted to frdl minister 
ef tiie same departmeaL 

Mr Papandreon, wto** 
Cabinet is beset by PO&y 
problems, said that foe 

changes ware desired to give 
“a new onward donate . 


The Hague — Mr Charles- 
-Perdinand Nothomh, the Bel- 
gian Interior Minister, said at 
yesterday’s meeting of EEC 
Home and Justice Ministers 
that Belgium had approached 
Britain seeking extradition of 
“between 20 and 30” Britons 
over the Heysel football stadi- 
um riot last year (Richard 
Owen writes)! 

Mr Nothomh was assured 
by Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, that Britain 
would give full co-operation. 

Greek cache 
of explosives 

Athens — Police found a 
suitcase full of explosives 
among rocks off the Athens to 
Sounkm highway after an 
anonymous phone call (Mario 
Modiano writes). 

They were believed to be of 
foe type used in the TWA 
attack over Greece on April 2 
when four passenge r s died. 

Liberals win 

Ottawa — Canada’s liberal 
Party screed an electoral vic- 
tory in Prince Edward Island, 
where the Conservatives were 
voted out after seven years. 

Chile protest 

Santiago — Hve people were 
injured and an unknown num- 
ber arrested during demon- 
strations against President 
Pinochet in the southern town 


Priceless silver relic 
recovered id Polmid 

From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 

oed and “ 55 in March, forced entry 

S& levered off the B%sbb 

■ gyr* of Sajm 

If tad been «£. *JS£SS?itS 

mosilymdted down by a gang reward for information. 

J “ 1 About 55 ibs of silver were 
m Yesterday's found fo canvas sacking. The 

' nHaladtteendofa^^®: oturchsaid it might be aWe to 

; wkfemanhnnLThctonibofS S^jSStfoereUef: 

■ Wojcfccb. als o The prosecutor’s office aid 

r our menSrestcd could fece 

-®giSnS?s« j&ofupio^^ 

ECC, but a senior Japanese 
gave a copy to the EEC 
President, M Jacques Ddors, 
in a private capacity. The EEC 
is treating it as such — an 
interesting set iff suggestions 
. when otter proposals for the 
restructuring of the Japanese 
economy arc bein^ made, but 
none of which points to real 


Mr Nakasone's other weak 
point as the summit approach- 
es is the emphasis on interna- 
tional terrorism, which is now 
becomingan issue. Mr Reagan 
indicated how important a 
joint dedaraiion on terro ri sm 
is to the US with his "winds of 
freedom" speech. 

Chancellor Kohl of West 
Germany also believes terror- 
ism will top the political 
agenda in Tokyo, bm the hosts 
do not see it the same way. 

Nine days after the Ameri- 
can raid on Tripoli, foe Japa- 
nese Government had not 
issued a statement on the 
attack, and showed no sign of 
bein g read y to do so in the 
near future. 

Mr Nakasone returned from 
Washington within hours of 
the raid, and said that he 
wanted to study the situation 
before pronouncing. 

David Watt column, page 12 

yt » — -*=*f •• -■ - 

Lr-. .Aji 

Pass books warning 

From Ray Kennedy, Johannesburg 

Blacks were warned yester- 
day not to destroy they pass 
books. They were toki that 
despite the abolition of influx 
control and pass laws, some of 
the legislation remains. 

The warning came from Mr 
StoffH Botha, Minister of 
Home Affairs, as blacks noted 
that although the White Paper 
on urbanization give them 
freedom of movement, they 

would still only be allowed to 
live with other Macks. 

Mr Botha said although 
blacks were no longer required 
to produce pass books, their 
foigny, mutilation or destruc- 
tion was still an offence. 

Black organizations said 
yesterday that the Govern- 
ment was renowned for giving 
with one hand and taking 
away with the other. 

Permian soldiers searching 
vehicles leaving Lima, the 
capital, for suspects after the 
latest guerrilla attack. About 
120 suspects were arrested. 
The roadblocks were part of 
anti-rebel raids in Lima's 
southern shantytowns after 
the car bomb attack on the 
American ambassador's res- 
idence on Monday. The 
Tupac Amaru Revolutionary 
Movement said foe bombing 
was a protest at foe raid on 
Libya. Mass swoops are a 
favourite tactic in Pern to 
combat leftist guerrillas. 

Hint of amnesty 
for Marcos if 
wealth returned 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 

President Corazon Aquino 
is considering amnesty for 
former President Marcos and 
his dose associates if they 
return most of foe wealth they 
allegedly took from foe 

The return of pan or most 
of the “hidden weahh"of foe 
Marcoses — estimated at up to 
S 10 billion (£6.6 billion) - "is 
better than nothing at all.*’ 
Mrs Aquino said in an inter- 
view shown on government 

She said that the return of 
this “ill-go ueo wealth" could 
be achieved fester if Mr 
Marcos was offered amnesty, 
although she did not indicate 
the form and scope of any 
such move. 

Criminal charges against Mr 
Marcos, his family and lead- 
ing associates, have been filed 

with foe Good Government 
Commission, and lata- in the 
interview Mrs Aquino said 
that foe was confident that foe 
five- member panel would be 
able to recover foe Marcos 

fortune. . . 

The commission will bold a 

public hearing on July .15 to 
foe evidence against Mr 
Marcos. , 

The Soliciior-GeneraL Mr 

Scdfrey Ordonez, has been 

g iven until May 31 to present 
is evidence and testimony by 
witnesses to foe commission 
and Mr Marcos’s lawyers, who 
then have to June 30 to reply. 
• Ship tragedy: An inter- 
island passenger ship carrying 
more than 300 passengers and 
crew sank off the central 
island of Leyte yesterday. 
Shipping authorities said that 
24 people drowned. 

Seven die in ambush 

Manila (Reuter) — Commu- 
nist rebels ambushed a mili- 
tary convoy in the northern 
Philippines yesterday, killing 
six soldiers and a journalist 
and wounding five other peo- 
ple. including a Reuter pho- 
tographer. Willie Vicoy. 

Albert Garcia, a photogra- 
pher for the Manila Bulletin 
who was with a party of 
journalists covering an anti- 

rebel operation, said a Bulletin 
correspondent, Pete Mabazza, 
was among those killed. 

He said Mr Vicoy was shot 
in foe back and seriously 

The convoy was ambushed 
near Tuguegarao, capital of 
Cagayan province, shortly af- 1 
ter a military operation 
against guerrillas. 

How a Merlin phone system helps Mr Hardy 

face tomorrow 



E rnest Hardy had an extra- 
ordinary air about him that 
caused people to stop and 
stare quizzically and marvel at 
what manifested itself as 
persistent good fortune. Luck, 
however, played only a small 
part in Hardy’s life. 

Ernest Hardy was in fact 
blessed with uncommon vision. 


The Merlin Monarch Com- 1 
pact phone system from British 
Telecom in Hardy’s balloon 
broking business was a perfect 
example. When he installed this 
system, his sanity was quietly 
questioned. Here was a system 
capable of carrying around 120 
extensions and Hardy was 
inexplicably using only 50. 

But who could have 
predicted the sudden surge of 
interest in hot air? Presumably 
Hardy had, because a simple 
addition allowed his Merlin 
Monarch system to grow as 
effortlessly as a good rumour and 
to add the latest facilities as they 
become available. The company 
was. able to cope with the 
increased capacity, and a mighty 
business was bom. Thanks in no 
small part to the Monarch. 


Take Hardy’s Cornish pack- 
aging company as another example 
Who could have forecast the re- 
vival of waxed paper and tin as a 

packaging material? But Hardy 
was ready. His Merlin Monarch 
Compact phone system served the 
Bodmin office faithfully, with both 

system that Hardy arranged for it 
to be moved with the rest of the 
business to the new premises. 
A relatively simple operation that 
earned Hardy the title “Saviour 
of the Monarch” for a mer- 
cifully short period. 


Hardy’s reverie came to a 
reluctant end as the office door 
opened. It was Wilde, his over- 
cautious assistant. “Mr Hardy, 
sir, there’s talk of the public 
telephone network going digital. 
Are we insured? Are we 
prepared? Are we...” Hardy 
* silenced and calmed him with , 

one gesture" WiHe, appropriately 
enough, I was just reflecting 
on the chameleon quality of our 
Merlin phone systems, and 
their ability to accommodate the 
advent of public digital networks’* 
Hardy continued talking, but 
Wilde had stopped listening. 

“That’s the sort of vision you 
need? thought Wilde, “to face 
tomorrow with confidence.” 

data communications and Call 
Management facilities added 
without a hitch. The staff* were 
amazed, the business thrived and 
Hardy had once again proved his 
remarkable foresight. 


The Merlin Monarch 250 in 
his Peterborough office was yet 
another example. A superlative 
system that had been hailed as the 
linchpin of the business during the 
boom of ’84. So indispensable did 
the staff find their Monarch 

Merlin is British Telecom’s exclusive brand of highly 
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supported by BTs outstanding sen-ice and technical back-up. 

For more information, call FREEFONE MERLIN or send 
the coupon to Victor Brand, British Telecom Merlin, 
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Countdown to a classroom revolution 




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The new GCSE exam, due to start in the 
autumn, is designed to give children a better 
deal in assessing their achievements 
at school. Lucy Hodges reviews the changes 
and looks at the timetable in the light of 
the boycott threat by teaching unions 


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• G>-V, 

Exams bang over young people's 
Jives like dark clouds. From die 
age of 14 children have to swot 
away at set books, maths problems 
and French verbs in order to gain 
CSE or GCE passes. These help to 
decide whether they become one 
of a small number set on a 
glittering path to university or end 
up with very' little to show for their 

The new General Certificate of 
Secondary Education for 16 -year- 
olds. which replaces CSE and O 
levels, aims to change this. Al- 
though it will not enable more 
young people to go to university, it 
should give them more to show for 
their efforts. It aims to check what 
pupils know, understand and can 
do - rather than to catch them out 
and certify them as failures. 

To that extent it is one of the 
most important educational re- 
forms of the last 20 years and could 
revolutionize secondary school- 
ing. Teachers, their unions and 
almost every educationalist have 
been clamouring for the reform for 
years, which makes it all the more 
difficult to understand the current 
moves for a boycott called by 
teachers' unions. 

The most important 
educational reform 
of the last 20 years 

The new- two-year GCSE 
courses, due to begin this autumn, 
will enable pupils to tackle their 
chosen subjects in new and more 
interesting, ways, with an emphasis 
on practical work and solving 
problems rather than on learning 
by memorizing facts. 

In maths, pupils will have to be 
able to handle money with confi- 
dence in everyday situations; in 
French they must be able to follow 
French railway timetables, under- 
stand the weather forecast and 
make themselves understood to 
French natives; in English litera- 
ture, the close textual analysis of 
Henry IV Part / will give way to a 
much wider choice of books and 
much more general exam 

A bank dark 

pieces, end Swunty two 2p pieces. The total amtyni / 


Perhaps the biggest change will 
be in music where there will be 
much more emphasis on compos- 
ing. performing and directing, and 
where the written essays on the 
history and development of musi- 
cal styles will be virtually 

In English language courses, 
practical application will also be 
paramount and children will be 
tested on the different ways in 
which (hey- might use English. 
They might be asked to write a 
witness’s statement for the police 
about a road accident, for exam- 
ple. or report to a foreign family 
about shopping, transport and 
entertainment facilities in their 

In addition, a substantia] pro- 
portion — at least 20 per cent — of 
students* work will be marked by 
their own teachers and not by one 
of the six new examining groups 
which replace the 22 exam boards. 
This means that continuous as- 
sessment will become an impor- 
tant feature of the education 
system, enabling students who are 
bad at taking exams to be reward- 
ed for what they achieve during 
the course. . _ , 

The aim is to lay down, for the 
first time, “national criteria”, 
agreed statements about the objec- 
tives, content and assessment 
methods for ail' public exams for 
16-year-olds. This will spell out to 
parents, employers and the public 
what children should be able to do 
if they are to pass, say, a maths or 
English exam. It is a move away 
from what is known in the jargon 
as a "norm-referenced” examina- 
tion system to a “criterion- 
referenced” system. 

It will also signal an important 
change in marking and awarding 
pass grades. Until now exam 
candidates have been ranked 
against one another and allocated 
grades according to certain prede- 
termined proportions. That 
means that about 10 per cent are 
awarded a grade A. 20 per cent a 
grade B arid so on, and a certain 
proportion have to foil. 

In future, candidates will be 
marked according to set standards 
as they are in a driving test or a 
music exam, which means - in 
theory - that all pupils can pass. In 

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The old: an example of questions from a CSE maths paper (left) and problems from a more difficult GCE 0 level exam, both to be phased out 


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fiejaro peeJari prawns 


4 pound bag of 

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Bird's Eye garden peas 

* £1.59 

Beef roasting joints 

fares’ - 1 ' • 

£1-79 per pound 

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Calculate the total cost, at the ne w pric es, of 

4 pounds of peas and a 7 pound frcefroasiiag joint. 

The new; sample questions from four different GCSE maths papers which pupils will sit according to ability or be graded on their answers 

practice, however, this is unlikely 
to happen. The new exam carries a 
single-seven-point scale with 
grades A to C as the effective 
“pass” grades. They are equal to 
the present O level passes and CSE 
grade I. 

Great efforts have been made to 
create new courses which are 
stimulating and to set clear targets 
so that pupils will be motivated to 
achieve. Education Secretary Sir 
Keith Joseph is convinced that the 
reason 40 per cent of children 
leave school with so little to show 
for their years of formal education 
is that they are bored and over- 
whelmed by a diluted academic 
curriculum. He hopes that the 
GCSE will enable 80 to 90 per cent 
of pupils to reach the level 
currently thought of as average - a 
grade 4 pass at CSE. 

The first of the new exams will 
be taken in 1988 and will be 

designed to show what all pupils 
are capable of in contrast to the 
present O levels and CSE, which 
are aimed at the 60 per cent of 
brightest pupils. Unsuccessful 
candidates will, as now, be un- 
graded and will not receive GCSE 
certificates. Mindful of backbench 
concern. Sir Keith has ensured 
that the new exam distinguishes 
between pupils of different 

This will be achieved in three 
ways; differentiated exam papers 
whereby candidates of differing 
abilities take different papers; 
“stepped” questions or papers in 
which the questions get progres- 
sively more difficult; and what is 
called •‘differentiation by 
outcome* 1 where all pupils are set 
the same questions, bin the an* 
swers are graded. 

Different subjects get different 
approaches. In maths and modem 

languages, for example, children 
will be put in for different papers 
according to the grade the teacher 
thinks they can achieve. Pupils 
will be raced with four maths 
papers from which they choose 
two: bright children will be put in 
for papas 3 and 4 covering algebra 
and trigonometry and spanning 

Elaborate system 
of training 
for teachers 

grades A to C; the less academic 
will answer questions on 
arithmetic and simple geometry in 
papers I and 2 covering grades D 
to G; but average children doing 
wdl in papers 2 and Twill get a G 
' The reforms in the new exam 
mean that teachers are going to be 

teaching and assessing pupils in 
different ways and have therefore 
. gqt to be trained. In order to assess 
how pupils are doing in the 
caursework they wQlhave tokeep 
final records of achievement tin- 
der the supervision of external 

To this end an elaborate train- 
ing programme has been arranged, 
spread over four phases m wbatis 
called a “cascade”. Heads of 
department are trained so that 
they can go back into schools and 
train the teachers. 

. All tlus will involve staff in a 
grealdeal of extra work whiebihey 

• wifi have to fit into a v«y Tight 
timetable.' This is partly wby the 

. teachers’ umous are refusingtdeb- 
operate with themtroduCtion'of 
■ the new exam. But many people 

• will regard it as a tragedy tor the 
•pupils if teachers really dotnake 
the GCSE u&worica Wt 


Teachers* wtfens haw tog* 
spanner is the works of the W 
exam, bar there are sigmucant 

The biggest union, the \*lWoaI 
Union oTfeacfaers* which repre- 
sents almost half the t eaching 
force, resolved at its annual 
conference eariJerthfat m onth hot 

to teach the- «*'««*» tbfc- 
autumn. saying that its membtSS teach for the old 
GCE O level and CSE exams- - 
It is dear, however, that If Sir 
Keith Joseph tomes «p wife extra 
money to. final the fimovanon*: 

The second biggest Oman, the 
National Association of 
Schoolmasters Abdon of Women 
Toilers, is hovcbttinathrvrcM- 
ntfen phase far the GCSE which 
means that it wffi refuse, to take 
part in the two toys of training 
this summer. 

AU teachers' amass argue deal 
the ream is being Introduced in 
too ranch of a hu rr y, tfcartfacy are 
not prepared, that rosnfificfect 
money is htiati spent on sew 
books and equipment and tint 
more staff are needed for it 

' However, *t now feoks as 
though nE .ifae new axawriawg 
, groups mO be ready, and nil the 
KyHahuses are expected hr schools 
next nra&'Ia adtoot iai 
wriU&yi has been promised by the 
Government fur books ami 

- On aD coaids the teachers’ 

V the radons ate se 
committed co the reforms fa 
new exam why are' they being so 
obstructive now? And why- did 
they tot pretest shore the timeta- 
ble two years ago when it was Erst 
anntmeed?- "■ ' . 

The inescapable raadBin ^ 
teachers’ ntot are i rare rhe 
exam as a tactical weapon hi theft 
battle with the Gomxuatot about 
!«¥- . ; 'V 

The people' Of&txtM mk in 
this war of herns am the chlK 
died. If NUT memherS mtb do 
go ahead m>d boycott th e ;liew 
comses thbanmmo, Mdrea fo. 
some «m w9B rod oabtetOy^e 
put at a d^rad vantage. Jte t this 
prospect looks facmisingly 

With agmiittitftKKiaaie 
'totu'Hof- extra- aaon^ • from Jbe 
Gomsmaereii' tbh AqesfrJnaadred 
i^ oo tMcfaerisIofig-tenn pay ; 
jred'toaditkRre may; enable, the" 
new exam to he. iubv&xt*£ with 
some poMtive- gtotorQI 


1 Silk scarf 16) 

S Personal account (6) 

8 Somerxi/Devon 
river (3l 

9 Nazi leader (61 

10 Pungent red root (6) 

11 Mexican labourer (4) 

12 Guts 18) 

14 S-ooie interval (6) 

17 Bedaubed (6) 

19 Last (8) 

22 Bread rolls (4> 

24 Overnight case (6) 

25 Crowd roughly Ifi) 

26 Issue writ 13) 

27 Colonise (61 

28 Stand down (3.3) 


2 Cheek powder (5) 

3 Portico (7) 

4 Worldly (7) 

5 Deserve (5) 

6 Communication 
means (5) 


■ a 



■ ■ 


7 Narrow-minded (7) 
13 Force home <3| 

15 Circuir slow section 


16 ViiaJiiyiS) 


17 School case (7) 

18 Govt mission (7) 

20 Slide (Si 

21 Very far (5) 

23 Spiced rice (S) 


ACROSS: 8 DouWe-crcnsrr 9 Egg 1 0 Clientele UTakm 13 Pal- 
ette 16 Retract 19 Nitre 22 Campanile 24 Cup 25 Playing fields 
DOWN: 1 Advent 2 Cudgel 3 Placenta 4 Scrimp 5 Join 6 As- 
pect 7 Frieze IZAie 14 Lingerie IS Tor 16 Recipe 17 Timbal 
Twinge 20 Tackle 2 1 Expose 13 Avid 


How the States declared open season on spies 

An espionage trial 

starting next week is 

the latest in a series 

that have rocked the 

US secret services. 

Ivor Davis reports 




The weekend starts here 

£20,000 to be won 

Turning the 

Despite revolutionizing 
the musical as Erita, 

Elaine Paige had mixed 
success as a solo singer and 
played a murderess in 
TVs Ladyki liens as her last 
straight role. But she's 
picking np the pieces in 
Chess, the new in us teal 
which previews next week Paige: back on the boards 

Restoration tragedy 
Modernizing a period house 

Can you always get your copy of The Times? 

Dear Newsagent, please deliver/save me a copy ofThe Times 


ext Monday morning 
John Anthony Walker 
will be slipped through 
the back door of a federal 
building in downtown San 
Francisco. In a 17th-floor 
courtroom, he will take the 
witness stand to deliver what 
prosecutors say will be one of 
the most damaging testimo- 
nies at a spy trial in the last 25 

Walker, a 47-year-old re- 
tired US Navy communica- 
tions specialist and self- 
confessed leader of one of the 
most successful spy rings ever 
to operate inside the United 
States, is the government's 
star witness against his old 
friend Jerry Whitworth. 

Whiiworth, 46. is accused of 
passing secrets over a nine- 
year period to Walker, who in 
turn sold them to the Rus- 
sians. Whitworth is the last of 
this particular ring to come to 
court. The others included 
Walker, his brother Arthur, 
aged 50, and Walker's 22-year- 
old son Michael. 

In the Iasi two years some 
mo dozen people have been 
arrested and charged with 
spying. In 1985 there were 10 
cases and in just the last 
month four trials have been 
unfolding So bad has it 
become that US government 
officials have been bleakly 
joking about the spy du Jour 
and Defence Secretary Casper 
Weinberger has been pleading 
for the reintoduction of the 
death penalty for espionage. 
Lawmakers are also pressing 
for stricter monitoring of gov- 
ernment employees 

The Walker case is consid- 
ered one of the most damaging 
because it involved selling the 
keys to US Navy codes used 
between ships at sea. Accord- 
ing to Pentagon officials, these 
codes are sufficiently similar 
to those used by the US Army 
and the Air Force to throw a 
considerable spanner into the 
entire defence system, as well 
as Nato operations in Europe. 
For $664,000, the total sum 
paid to the ring, the Russians 
obtained "millions if not bil- 
lions of dollars worth of 
information”, says the dircc- 

Name: Ronald 

Charge: Passed FBI 
secrets to Soviets 

Name: Jonathan 

Charge: Sold secrets 
to Israel for $50,000 

Name: John A. 
Walker. Admits 
leading ring which 
sold cooes to Soviets 

Name: Larry Wb- 
Charge: Passed 
secrets to Chinese 

tor of security at the Pentagon. 

Less than 100 miles from 
the courthouse where 
Whitworth is appearing, the 
US Air Force has court- 
martialed airman Bruce D. 
On, aged 25, who allegedly 
contacted the Russians in 
January and tried to sell them 
a copy of the Strategic Air 
Command's manual on the 
super-secret SR-7I high alti- 
tude spy plane. The aircraft 
operates out of Beale air force 
base near Sacramento, as wdl 
as from Alconbiuy in Britain. 
Ott's court-martial began on 
April 15, and is currently 
delayed while military attor- 
neys look into a possible 
insanity defence. 

In Los Angeles, Ronald 
Miller, the first FBI agent ever 
to be charged with passing 
secret documents to the Rus- 
sians, is is the middle of his 
second trial. At the first, which 
ended in a hung jury last year. 
Miller’s defence portrayed 
him as a bumbling buffoon, 
“an overweight Inspector 
Clouseau, who took on 
Bondian fantasies in order to 
salvage his reputation”. He is 
accused of giving FBI docu- 
ments to Soviet emigre 
Svetlana Ogorodnikova in ex- 
change for sexual favours, 
promises of gold, and a Bur- 
berry raincoat. Mrs 
Ogorodnikova, 35, and her 
husband Nikolai, 52, pleaded 
guilty last June to spying and 
are serving prison sen tones of 
18 years and eight years 

I n the US district court in 
Alexandria. Viigmia, a 
jury earlier this month 
acquitted Richard Craig 
Smith, a former Army 
counter-intelligence specialist 
accused of revealing the iden- 
tities of six double agents to 
the Russians, as well as turn- 
ing over classified informa- 
tion while on a business trip to 
Tokyo in 1982 and 1983. The 
jury accepted ' Smith’s story 

that he planted the names with 
the Russians as part of a CIA 
plot to infiltrate the KGB. 

The other cases that have 
wrought havoc in the US 
intelligence community in- 
clude those of Jonathan Pol- 
lard, 31, -a US Navy counter- 
intelligence analyst accused of 
receiving nearly $50,000 for 
selling .information to Israel, 
and his wife Anne, 25, who 
was later arrested on lesser 
charges. The case against the 
couple is pending. 

T hen there was the 
strange case of Lany 
Wu-Tai Chin, 63, a 
native of Peking, who had 
worked as a US Army liaison 
officer in China during tire 
Second World War and during 
the 1970s as a translator at 
CIA headquarters in Langley, 
Virginia. Chin was apparently 
a committed Co mmunis t who 
regularly sent classified docu- 
ments to a Chinese contact in 
Toronto. Two weeks after his 
conviction on February 21, he 
committed suicide in his pris- 
on cell; 

Ronald Pci ton, 44, was 
arrested within days of Chiu 
and the Pollards last Decem- 
ber. A communications spe* 
cialist with the top secret 
National Security Agency. 
Pelton is thought to have been 
the most damaging of the spies 
because of the job he had held 
for 14 years. After his retire- 
ment in 1979, he filed for 
bankruptcy and lived in squa- 
lor in a ramshackle farmhouse 
in .Maryland, But .in 1.980 he 
visited tire Soviet embassy 
and for tire next five years, 
according to investigators, 
gave the Russians vital details 
of US intelligence lathering 
methods- Pel ion's trial is due 
on May 12. 

Three other cases have re- 
cently been closed. Karl 
Koccher, 52, who worked for 
the CIA. pleaded guilty to 
spying for the Czechs and was 
returned to the East in Febro-' 

ary as part of the US-Russian 
swap for Anatoly Scharansky. 

A very small-time spy, Randy 
Miles Jeffries, 36, who worked 
as a messsengerfora company 
that transcribed secret con- 
gressional hearings, was oon- 
victed od March 13 of trying 
to sell documents to the ,. WHI 
Russian embassy is Washing- to the 

Name: Jerry 
Charge: ftssed coto 
keys to Walker 

ton. He is now scrying three to 
nine years in prison. And in 
Baltimore, Samuel ElUbti 
Morrison was .convicted df 
passing photographs of Soviet 
shipyards to the British maga- 
zine Jane’s Fighting Ships. 
Morrison had claimed that he 
was merely 

Heis appeafing against his jail 

• The rash of anests-Bhd 
convictions is not necessarily 
the result of greatly improved 
cdtra&7 : iiitdligenpe work. It 
owes more to a change of 
policy begun ra the C rtcr 
administration to vigorously, 
prosecute known spies instead 
of trying; to ph*g the teaks in 

Bat the government 1 * detcr- 
mmation jo get each and every 
spy behind bare has resulted in . 
some strange dealing to get a 
conviction. Tit -the : Jerry 
Wfcitwortbcase, for exampfe, 
the government struck a deal 
with spy master . Walker, 
whereby in exchange for a life 
sentence which could get Min 
out of prison in less , than ^ 
decade, and a softer sentence 
tor his son, he will become 

- . their heaviest gun in courtthis 

;toe pubic ^ week, to try and assure conVic- " 
v build-up. ... udn ofWhitwortb. . 

Nine Perryscopic views 
of the Telegraph man 


go snap, crackle, frock 



to be ravished in 

Her first short story 



(mjjren’s clothes in the Caribbean/ ‘ 





t . ~r> 

* *•. . ' t ! 

' J ift 

! M r\ 

i 3 -s I 

* 1 t \ j 

* v? 


ttlked abom “booby prizes”; Peter become yet another of the Lads; but 
Brmnvels accused Ms Short of being a Mr Churchill austerely denies having 
(nwlge, nudge) “spoilsport” , and the said it He does not want the Short 
mate press galtey scribbled down amendment simply because “it would 
brilliantly witty hnes about the pro- imperil my entire BilL The chances of 
poser standing “breast-high amid the any of us coming up in the ballot for a 
corn” (Keats does not count as smut, private members Ml areSO -1 against. 

as every schoolboy knows), and and whereas certain members tike to 

lies all 

*■ n 

* * 3 

having “no mean endowment 
herself’. And, alas, Mrs Edwma 
Currie, motber-oftwo, took the op- 
portunity of a journalist's question to 
prove that she too was one of the Lads. 
"I wish I had a figure like these girls”, 
she tittered, “and my husband does 

Between the lot of them, they 
showed as much parliamentary and 
journalistic gravitas as if they had 
dropped their trousers and waved 
hairy, drooping bottoms at the 
Speaker's chair. 

If that image offends you, it only 
goes to prove Ms Short’s point that in 

gq down in a blaze of glory, tilting at 
windmills, I pr efer to steer Bilk into 

All right, then, but what about die 
arguments? Does he think the newspa- 
per pm-u psare harmless fun? “No. I 
do not. My anxiety would be that they 
give an impression of women as 
brazen, readily available. It is rather 
insidious, on a day-by-day scale — we 
talk about die drip, drip effect of 
violence on TV, there is perhaps a 
similar drip , effect of this - this 
brazenness, in the tabloids.” So far, 
accord: but “I do not support her Bill 
and do not want her amendment I do 

our culture while the bodies of not think them acceptable to Parlia- 
respected human beings — Le. middle- merit or- the people. In .any rase, 
aged men — are treated with discre- co m pared to magazine pornography, 
don, young women's bodies are these pictures are extremely mild”. 

4| exposed, trivialized, and fed daily to • ■ ' 

the unhealthy fantasies of potential he confrontation nicely shows 

rapists. Children, she says, giggle over I - up two approaches Clare 

their papier-mache newspapers at I Snort is aiming at the tip of 

school, -and so learn contempt for the iceberg— seen by the great 

women. She minds newspaper s p artic- majority of the people most of the 
ularly, for the very reason thatthey are time. Winston Churchill is more 
mundane- commodities;; .not some- - worried about the monstrousy hidden 
thing sold under the-coanter to oven- excesses lyrng beneath- Oare Short 
18&. : : . - • ■■ -objects to the feet that the nudes have 

Now dare Short is serious about all - been cleaned up and made socially 
this, and. you.would-have thought She acceptable; '-Winstim Churchill feels,, 
would have not a more polite hearing. . .on balance, that they are dean enough 
There are, after an, plenty of ways to * notto legislate about. Bm vhaibotfaof 

say “we appreciate your concern, but them seem to accept is the idea that 
do not consider ft a matter for sizzling Samantha, curvy Corinne, 
legislation”, without behaving like a - ‘ and sexySue from Scotland are only a 
baboon. Indeed, a few MPs, like sanitized version of the pornog 
Austin Mitchell, have opposed it pictures is the really nasty magi 
courteously. And here, in the end, I have I 

But anyone fofaiking . now, about company with the pair of tk 
page three pin-ups and pouting seems to me that the newspap* 
Starbirds must worry a bit about the ups are something else ag ain : 

worry a ... _ 

scenes last month; after all, if a bit of thing very old-fashioned indeed. 

pictures in the really nasty magazines. 
And here, in the end, I have topert 
company wifi) the pair of them. It 
seems to me that the newspaper pin- 
ups are something else again: some- 

greyish newsprint bosom can drive 
our elected legislators into such a 
frenzy, perhaps Ms Short is right. to 
think that pin-ups can corrupt Cor- 
rupt manners, anyway. 

She continues to press the point, 
although the chances of her little 10- 
minote-rufe Bill going any further are 
minute: with some ingenuity and 

I mean, just lode at them. I have 23 
topless girls strewn on the desk around 
me as I write, and none of them is able 
to disturb me even remotely. 

They smile -nicety up at me, bottoms 
akimbo, snakeskin-prini swimsuits 
straining, forearms (in the case of Mr 
Maxwell’s girls) -modestly folded 
across their nipples, and still I fail to 



Clare Short hopes to find out today whether her 
amendment banning newspaper pin-ups can be 
added to Winston QiurchilFs Bill on obscene 
publications. But Libby Pnrves thinks girls like 
Samantha Fox merely evoke a bygone innocence 

A tot of dignity was stripped considerable cheek, she is seeking to 
mom Parliament last month, tack an amendment on to Winston 
during the debate on Clare Churctufl’s Obscene Publications Bill, 

_ _■ - Indecent Displays which has its third reading today . Mr 

(Newspapers) Bill, the measure which Chu rchill, 1 have to tell you, is not 
would -if it were to struggle into law thrilled at the idea. Indeed, he was 
— totally ban topless pro-ups from quoted in one paper as thinking the 
papers on general sale. pin-ups "bring people tots of harmless 

Conservative MPs in particular pleasure.” 
joyf ully* seized the opportunity to Coming from the proposer of an 
move themselves to be red-blooded unpopular censorship bill, this struck 
„ Rob 5T t daggered and me as perhaps a belated attempt to 

miked about “booby prizes”; Peter become yet another of the Lads; but 

*A naoghty-postcard message as old as time’ 

take offence. I have spent weeks 
thrusting bundles of them at passing 
men of alt ages, and foiled to raise even 
a blush. These girls are utterly neutral 

The photographers work hard to 
make them so. One I talked to, 
anonymous because his editor has 
been stricken by paranoia about the 
threatened Bill expressed an almost 
nonconformist fury at being assodat- 
. ed with pornography. "Oh, I do resent 
that very deeply. My girls are the girl 
next door. Nice giris. smiling. It’s a 
pretty thing, not sexy, just some- 
thing pretty to look at To bring a 
smile. The only sexy things about a girl 
are her eyes, anyway.” His giris seem 
to be noted for an aura of purity. 

Harry Ormesher, of Starbird fame, 
said reverently: “Just look at one of 
X’s shots, you can tell that’s done by a 
man who goes home to his wife and 
kiddies every night”. Harry is an old- 
fashioned chap, too. “I'm 50 years old. 
Fm past the age of staring at naked 
ladies forfun. But as Blake said, didn't 
be, the beauty of a woman’s body will 
always be idolized'.. • \l-. 

' “We show you nice girls, the girl- 
next door." Yes, but with, a tot oF 
bosom showing, I protested weakly. - 
“Ah. not such big bosoms in The Star, 
yotffl find. That’s ;The _Sun. It’s a., 
question of the editor’s -decision; . 
things like the size of bosoms he 

Harry added that if he disagreed 
with anything, “ it’s the Samantha Fox 
sort of fashion for using very young 
faces, childish feces, but with huge 
boobs. That is a trend I find a bit odd, 
not so nice." 

His unease is certainly shared. 
“They’re all 16 or more” said another 
photographer, before I even asked 
him. “Honestly, it's just the natural 
look wbich happens to be 

Samantha Fox is the most notice- 
able of the childish, big-breasted 
models, but one or two other much- 
used girls do, Harry admits, have the 

How Down’s can 
damage sleep 

faces of 14 year olds, but bodies as 
voluptuous as mature women. A 40- 
year-old lorry driver, with their pic- 
tures stuck in his cab. must be 
reminded almost as often of bis 
daughters as he is of his wife. Creepy, 
but after all, several obviously inno- 
cent dads act as their model daughter’s 
agents, and chat enthusiastically about 
"my girl’s lovely figure". 

Perhaps the careful blandness of the 
newspaper style is enough to unsex the 
girls enough even for their fathers. But 
Harry thinks the fashion is on the way 
out anyway: “I think 

it’s almost over. Sophistication is 
coming back." 

The feces may soon stop being 
childish, but I bet you anything they 
stay naive. 

G azing down at yet another 
nice boring face. I suddenly 
realized what all the girls 
reminded me of. Ronnie 
Barker published, a few years back, his 
private collection of naughty Edwardi- 
ariand Victorian' picture -postcards - 
maids bending, surprised pink girls in 
hip-baths* and so forth. Sizzling Sam 
and Curvy Corinne are just their 
granddaughters: silty,- vacuous, and 
essentially innocent, nothing whatso- 
' ever to do with you or me or all the 
real female feces around them in foe 
newspapers and around us in real life. 

One photographer rather senten- 
tiously told me: “If my pictures could 
talk, they wouldn't be saying "Come 
to bed.'” And of course he was right 
What they would, in fact, say is: 
"Oops, fancy you popping up on your 
window-cleaner's ladder, mate, just as 
1 was struggling into my best lace 
camisole! Oota, I'm so embarrassed! 
Close that curtain, do!” 

And that is a message as old as time 
itself. So Peep on, Toms; I suspect it 
keeps you out of mischief rather than 
in it Well find something to tell foe 
children in the papier-mache class. 

A new. distressing complica- 
tion of Down's Syndrome 
which could affect develop- 
ment has been discovered by 
doctors at foe Brompton 
Hospital south-uesi Lon- 
don. Using recently devel- 
oped monitoring equipment. 
Dr David Southall and his 
colleagues have demonstrat- 
ed foai some children with 
Down’s Syndrome have such 
severe breathing difficulties 
when they are asleep that they 
arc never able to gei a good 
night’s rest. 

The problem seems to arise 
when the children enter rapid 
eye movement (REM) or 
dream sleep. During REM 
sleep foe muscles of foe 
airway relax 2 nd in Down’s 
this can cause obstrucuon. 
The result is that foe children 
are unable to breathe and 
oxygen levels in their blood 
plummet. The body's natural 
response forces them out of 
REM sleep so that they can 
breathe again and avoid as- 

In some children these 
attacks can occur as many as 
50 times a night and they can 
never enjoy adequate REM 

In an initial study at the 
Brompton Hospital, six of 1 2 
Down’s children investigated 
had difficulty breathing when 
asleep, although this small 
sample may not reflect the 
problem's true incidence. A 
study is now underway in the 
Oxford area to see just how 
common it is. 

Dr Southall says it is vital 
that these children, who may 
previously have been quite 
fit. are identified and treated 
because such disturbed sleep 
is an obvious source of 

He also fears, although 
there is no direct evidence to 
support this, that the attacks 
could affect the children’s 
development either through 
lack of REM sleep, repeated 
lack of oxygen, or both. 

Some of foe Down’s chil- 
dren identified by the 
Brompton team as having 
this problem have improved 
greatly after tonsillectomy or 
adenoidectomy to widen foe 
airway. Others, says Dr Sou- 
thall, may need a more 
sophisticated operation such 
as plastic surgery at the base 
of foe tongue. 

Sight and screen 

^ . . , J1 Eye strain is a 
■ - worry for any- 

one starting lo 

' mPS work on a v ’ _ 

wjaaglss sual display 
unit, and 

studies show 

that some 80 per cent of 
operators suffer eye strain, 
irritated eyes, blurred vision 
or burning eyes. 

In the latest edition of 
Occupational Health . Janet 
Silver, principal ophthalmic 
optician at Moorfields Eye 
Hospital in east London, 
offers some simple advice. 

She says that people should 
have their eyes tested before 
starting work on a VDU. 
Spectacles designed specifi- 

Healthy trends in the vegetable market 

The British are losing their appetite for 
meat, so three new magazines aimed at 
vegggnans are set to reap a good harvest 

After years of ridicule and 
ordeal by omelette, vegelan- 
ans are adapting to a change in 
their fortunes. We have be- 
come fashionable — so much 
so that this month the book- 
stalls are groaning under die 
fibre-rich bulk of three new 
anti-meat magazines. Lean 
fjviag (bi-monthly, £1 ), Green 
Cuisine (quarterly wifo plans 
to go tri-monthly* £1.25) and 
(on safe from today and 
appearing monthly, $5p) V eg. 

Gallup poll findings suggest 
that three million Bntons now 
eai no red meat and that 10 
per cent of women between lo 
and 24 are vegetarian. Super- 
market shelves are stocked 
with soya milk- and 'gourmet 
vegetarian cuisine is becoming 
a reality as foe publishers of 
foe Good Food Guide compare 
notes on restaurants with 
officials of foe Vegetarian 
Society. .. ' 

George Orwell considered ■ 

vegetarianism ah appalling 
habit, and and he would have 
found it ap propr ia te .that 
today's rapid and sustained 
increase in numbers could be 
said to have begun in 1984, 
with the publication of a 
DHSS Committee on Medical 
Aspects of Food Policy report 
on diet and carcb'o-vascular 
disease. This recommended, 
among other things, eating 
fewer saturated fats and more 
fibre-rich caibofaydraies.Jhe 
activities of animal liberation- 
ists and publicity about meat 
additives tave aisa helped to 
sway opinion. 

• the three publishers who 
noticed ah this and decided 
that thousands of would-be 
vegetarians were waiting for a 
magazine are not' new to file 
health and diet market Regi- 
nald Taylor, Lean Living’s 
managing editor, is also- be- 
hind such publications as 
Health and Efficiency -and 

Wholesome threesome: the new contenders 

Body Power. He says there are 
no food manufacturers back- 
ing him, “just 40 years'- mass 
journalism experience” Veg 
comes from Personality Pub- 
lishing, (other titles: Stay Slim 
and More Microwave Recipes) 
and also, denies any direct 
food industry involvement. 
Green Cuisine’s and its sister 
publication Here ’s Health be- 
long to foe Atpus Press Group, 
publishers, incidentally, of 

Fish Trader and World 

Magazines for vegetarians 
are not new. The Vegetarian 
Society's own bi-monfoly 
journal has been appearing 
since 1848, and sells some 
22,000 copies (a jump of 50 
per cent over foe last three 
years). The Vegan Society, 
which is currently attracting 
some 150 new members a 
month, prints 10,000 copies of 
its attractive quarterly maga- 

zine and reports a tenfold 
increase in advertising reve- 
nue over foe last year. 

Green Cuisine and Veg are 
looking for sales of 80,000. 
Editorial content inevitably 
reveals similarities: recipes, 
restaurant guides, allergies 
and vegetarian diets for pets 
are subjects common to both, 
but Green Cuisine has an 
original feature on fashion 
without the use of animal 
products and a distinctly envi- 
ronmental slam which broad- 
ens its appeal, while Veg 
promises information on pre- 
ferred recipes at High grove 
House and news of vegetarian 
figures in foe pop world. 

Il can also be profitable. 
Vegetarians and vegans have 
been transformed from an 
irrelevant minority, not worth 
the proverbially appropriate 
bean, into a pou-eriul market 
force wbich mailers would be 
unwise to ignore. 

Marks & Spencer started 
selling a range of dishes “suit- 
able for vegetarians" a year 
ago as part of what they 
describe as a general move 
towards healthier products 



cally for the job may be 
needed as glasses designed to 
help people read or see long 
distances may not be appro- 
priate when looking at a 
VDU all day. It is important 
that people tell foe optician 
that this is the type of work 
that they will be doing. After 
foe initial test, checks once 
every two years will suffice. 

It is useful to give ey es rest 
periods by looking away from 
the screen regularly or per- 
haps doing alternative tasks 
for five to !Ci minutes every 
hour. It is also important to 
eliminate glare by placing 
light sources sensibly and 
altering the brightness or 
contrast of the 
monitor.Machines with a 
high flicker rate are best, as 
fewer people are affected by 
high frequencies. 

Older than ^ver 

| People in the 
^ LK are living 

4 longer - or at 

if ]( J least women 
«**• Sir Cm/ 
• Clarke, direc- 

...... tor of the Roy- 
al College of Physicians 

I RCP) research unit, says in a 
recent issue of the college's 
journal that there are now 
nine times as many centenari- 
ans in England and Wales 
than there were 30 years ago: 
2,410 in 1981 compared with 
just 271 in 1951. But sadly, 
men comprise only 15 per 
cent of those living io be 100. 

Announcing a new initia- 
tive to discover the facts 
behind the trend (a joint study 
by the RCP. the Royal 
Holloway and Bedford Hew 
College Sociology i n it and 
the Liverpool institute for 
Ageing). Sir Cyril argues that 
environment is probably re- 
sponsible for the change and 
the discrepancy. 

Diet, exercise, obesity and 
hypertension are probably the 
major age limiting factors, he 
saysantf much could be done 
to improve longevity if these 
were tackled . In particular he 
warns men of the dangers of 
lazy retirement. After retire- 
ment they tend to adopt a less 
healthy lifestyle, he says, be- 
coming fat and taking less 
physical and mental exercise. 
Women, on the other hand, 
tend to keep busy about the 

Straight up 

J A plaintive 

| letter in foe 

latest issue of 
J Lancet 
| from Profes- 

1 ''a sor Brian Wjl- 

hmhi 1 son should 

draw medical attention to the 
distress suffered by people 
recovering from major ab- 
dominal surgery. 

Professor Wilson had his 
first operation to remove a 
gangrenous appendix some 

years ago."I was in foe same 
state as everyone else who 
had been 'done' — bent 
double, finding it very pain- 
ful to force myself straight, 
and with all foe other fcnock- 
on effects of bad posture...! - 
had. because the wound area 
was very tender, adopted foe 
least painful position, curled 
into a ball, and this had. 
allowed the wound to set in a 
contracted position." 

Since then, he has had six 
more operations. Each time, 
he has forced himself to 
stretch out as soon as he 
"came round" after foe oper- 
ation. When he woke subse- 
quently he found himself 
fully stretched and quickly 
able to walk around standing 
upright, without p 2 in. Profes- 
sor Wilson, of Cranfield In- 
stitute of Technology, has 
tried to persuade other pa- 
tients to follow suit, but wifo 
limited success. 

Most of his ward compan- 
ions have curled into a ball 
and ended up unable to stand 
straight. Some people have 
even argued that Professor 
.Wilson’s ou-n ability to stand 
erect was because he had an 
unusually high pain 

But his most recent hospi- 
tal neighbour agreed to co- 
operate. After an operation 
for a double hernia, he too 
was curled up. Professor Wil- 
son told him to stretch imme- 
diately. "He then slept 
peacefully in a stretched posi- 
tion overnight, and. foe next - 
day he like me was walking 
upright.” He adds: "I do hope 
that this letter inspires some- 
one to test my ideas." 

Life after death 

bodies on life- 
support ma- 
chines for the 
benefit of the 
living popula- 
tion is a distasteful idea for 
many people and one fraught 
with ethical and religions 
obstacles. But two professors 
at Indiana University are in 
favour of using some of the 
United States's annual total 
of 150,000 brain-dead cadav- 
ers which have not been 
struck by diseases according 
toa report in the current issue 
of foe Bulletin of the Institute 
of Medical Ethics. 

The suggestion is an 
extend on of the common 
practice of using kidneys for 
transplant. A young man . 
killed, say, in a motorbike 
accident may die from horren- 
dous bead injnries. hot the 
rest of his body remains 

Such breathing cadavers 
could be used for organ 
storage so the transplant 
takes place only when it is 
needed, and for teaching sur- 
geons bow to operate; new 
drugs and technologies could 
be tested and foe cadavers 
could be a source of regular 
blood donations. 

Lorraine Fraser 
and Olivia Timbs 

and also in response to cus- 
tomer requests. The meals are 
now selling well in stores 
throughout the country. 

While M and S deny any; 
corresponding fall in meat 
sales, foe first issue of Green 
Cuisine reports that 
Sainsbury’s have been forced 
to dose two meat depots 
because of a drop in demand. 
The company acknowledges 
that foe vegetarian market is 
increasing and one response 
will be publication next 
month of a range of vegetarian 
cookbooks. Boots report safes: 
far in excess of predictions for 
their vegetarian products, 
launched during foe last six 
months. That, of course, is 
where foe magazines come in. 
Competition for advertising 
revenue is likely to be fierce. 

Steve Bush-Hams, adver- 
tisement manager at 1 eg says: 
“We want Boots, Marks & 
Spencer, Asda and Bejam”, 
but so do they all. There may 
be some uncharacteristic 
shedding of blood in vegetari- 
an circles over foe next few 

Rosemary Burton 


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The Duchess of Windsor contin- 
ually begged the Duke to forsake 
her and stand by his British 
subjects, according to the couple's 
intimate love letters, which are 
currently stored in a secret vault. 
The letters — said to number 
more than SO -escaped being 
taken to the Windsor archives and 
are now set for publication next 
month by Weidenfeld following 
the Duchess’s death. The Wallis 
and Edward Letters 1931-37, sub- 
titled The l nli mate Correspon- 
dence of the Duke and Duchess of 
Windsor, is edited by Michael 
Bloch, the representative of the 
Duchess's lawyer, Maine Suzanne 
Blum. Bloch, who runs an eccen- 
tric group entitled the Edward 
VIII Society, plans to set the 
record straight on the Duchess's 
life, which his members believe 
has been grotesquely misrepre- 

Rat run 

.And there's more than just love- 
letters to come: Osbert Sitwell's 
controversial book on the abdica- 
tion, Rat Week, could be in the 
shops bv this time next week. Us 
editor. Jenny Dereham, rushed to 
work at Michael Joseph yesterday 
when the news of the duchess’s 
death was released. “It was consid- 
ered legally too hot to handle 
during the "duchess's lifetime, but 
now it only remains to decide this 
weekend whether to publish im- 
mediatelv or allow a fortnight in 
which to distribute review cop- 
ies," she tells me. The book, whose 
contents remain a guarded secret, 
has been ready to roll off the 
presses since Sitwell completed it 
in the late 1960s, 


•An Equity card's no problem. 

It’s membership of (he 
Worker’s BeTolothuwjry Party 
that’s getting tough.' 

Vice on ice 

Academics are volunteering their 
fridge-freezers to save the British 
Library's collection of pornog- 
raphy and erotica. The thousands 
of once banned or suppressed 
books, each bearing the notorious 
label “PC’ — for “private case” 
collection — have been unavail- 
able to readers since rain burst 
through the circular glass roof of 
the reading room and soaked four 
floors of book stacks. Three- 
quarters of the collection, which 
includes works by the Marquis de 
Sade, Henry Spencer Ashby’s My 
Secret Life , and other Victorian 
erotica, are now in the library’s 
giant freeze-drier and should be 
back on readers' desks in weeks 
rather than months. This has not, 
however, stopped bibliophiles 
offering their own appliances for 
the interesting job. 

Youth today 

The British Youth Council has 
come a long way since its early 
days in the 1950s, when earnest 
groups immersed themselves in 
serious world issues. The latest 
piece of nonsense voted for at 
their national conference was a 
motion to lobby MPs on behalf of 
gay groups and organizations, 
with a rider from the Liberal 
members warning of the dangers 
of a heterosexual sex education. 
Such motions are obviously hav- 
ing a serious effect: three years ago 
the Girl Guides called for the 
banning of toy soldiers. 

— Private view 

And what was the first item on foe 
agenda after Press and public were 
excluded from last month's meet- 
ing of the North Western Regional 
Health Authority in Manchester? 
Discussion of a Charter for a 
Democratic Health Service. 

p Action man 

Days after former Equity presi- 
dent Derek Bond began to petition 
actors prepared to defy 1 the union's 
ban on appearing in South Africa, 
veteran actor Marius Goring is 
presenting a separate challenge to 
the boycott He commences High 
Court proceedings against Equity 
today by a writ seeking a declara- 
tion that the derision of Equity’s 
council to instruct members not to 
work in South Africa or its 
dependent homelands was ultra 
vires and void. Goring, an Equity 
member since 1932, a former 
council member and vice presi- 
dent will be suing on behalf of 
himself and numerous other 
members opposed to the ban. In 
Lincoln's Ion yesterday his 
solictor Felix Appelbe said: “The 
action is being brought on the 
several grounds that Equity's de- 
cision was unauthorized by 
Equity's rules, was in unreason- 
able restraint of trade and contrary 
to public policy. An application 
will be made next week for interim 
relief pending (he final hearing". . 


Prisoner of circumstance 

bv Frances Donaldson 

The Duchess of Windsor may be 
said to have had greatness thrust 
upon her. She was not, as 
commonly believed m England at 
the time of ihe abdication, either 
of low birth or of bad repute. On\ 
the contrary, Bessie Wallis War- 
field was born of the union of 
two American families who could 
both trace their descent io the 
earliest colonial pretensions to 
superiority of class, of culture 
and of moral standards. 

Nevertheless, because of the 
circumstances of her childhood, 
she never fitted easily into the 
society to which her birth gave 
her a* natural claim. Her father 
died when she was five months 
old, leaving her mother and 
herself without money and at the 
mercy of her paternal grand- 
mother and Uncle SoL Her 
mother did not conform to the 
pattern of behaviour necessary to 
receive the Warfields' uncritical 
patronage. In a word, she had 
“suitors” — one suitor in particu- 
lar, who drank too much, and 
rather too late in the day became 
her second husband. 

In a spirit of disapproval Uncle 
Sol continued to pay for Wallis's 
education. She went to the best 
girls' school hut, because of her 
immediate family background, 
was not always accepted by the 
parents of her school friends. She 
married early a man without 
money or position, according to a 
school friend “to get out of it all” 
and with the apparently modest 
ambition of enjoying life. 

Later, when Wallis left her first 
husband, she travelled for some 
time in America, Europe and 
China, always finding compan- 
ions with the greatest of ease and 
enjoying life very much. When 

she married Ernest Simpson and 
came to London, her sights were 
not set inordinately high. She was 
genuinely interested in furniture 
and clothes and had learnt from 
her mother to be a very good 
cook. She migbi have been 
content for the rest of her life to 
give dinner parties, play a little 
bridge and go sightseeing and 
visiting antique shops at week- 
ends with her husband, but tor 
one thing -her meeting with 
Lady Furness, through whom she 
met the Prince of Wales. . 

A complete theory has arisen 
to explain the complete capitula- 
tion of the King of England to 
this not obviously exceptional 
American woman. She was, 
according to this, the first to give 
him complete satisfaction. The 
theory grew up after the abdica- 
tion to explain it and does not 
entirely fit the prince's previous 
life. He had had a succession of 

short affaire with experienced 
and sophisticated women and for 
years a much deeper and more 
obsessive attachment to Mrs 
Dudley Ward. Commentators 
consistently underrate the 
strength and duration of his 
feelings for her and the im- 
portance of the influence she 
sustained through many of these 
superficial affairs. 

An alternative theory takes 
account of the most obvious and 
psychologically important 
characteristics of the relationship 
of the duke to the duchess — 
hisintense desire to be domi- 
nated and hers to dominate. 
According to this view, his 
deprived childhood can account 
for his continuing search for a 
“mother figure”, while her youth- 
ful rebellion against the ca- 

pricious Unde Sol may have 
sharpened her desire to play this 
kind of role. In any rase, this ele- 
ment in their relationship struck 
every observer. 

The Duchess of Windsor had a 
natural taste is furniture and 
clothes and under the tuition of 
the leading experts developed a 
consummate elegance in her 
person and surroundings. Yet she 
had little sensibility and almost 
no understanding of the require- 
ments of the role into which die 
was so unexpectedly thrust. If she 
believed she might be queen - 
and there is some evidence to 
suggest she did - she could claim 
to have been misled not merely 
by her future hi 
the equivocal, 
advice she 
men as 
just as it 
worth wl 
morgana! je 1 " 
the realms 

Yet in the OTfflJapaawever 
could understand the reasons for 
the abdication and, in relation to 
England and the monarchy, she 
continued all her life to get 
almost everything wrong. She 
bad no idea of the limits either of 
the king's power or of her 
husband's popularity, talents and 
charm. They both believed he 
could throw up everything the 
monarchy stood for in pursuit of 
private happiness, and then stroll 
back into a subsidiary role and 
membership of the royal family 
after a few years. Nor did either 
ever understand that his personal 
talents were inadequate to sustain 
a public performance once he 

advisers behind him. So. for 
many years he made mistakes of 
judgement, visiting Germany at 
the wrong time, appealing pub- 
licly to Hitler, taking for granted 
his right and suitability for an 
important job. 

Yet, as Herbert Morrison 
wrote, the choice before ex-kings 
is to fade out of the public eye or 
be a nuisance. Unable to appre- 
ciate that every step they took 
made a return to England less 
easy am! less probable, the 
duchess grew to believe that they 
were the victims of plots — a plot 
in the first place by Baldwin to 
get rid of him and then on the 
pan of tite king and queen to 
keep them away. Nevertheless, it 
is not true that after the war they 
were prevented from living in 
England, although it is true that 
the duke Could never have 
wished to live here while his wife 
was not made welcome by his 
family. They preferred France 
where they were generously 
treated by the g o v e r nm ent. 

In France they at last settled 
down to the private life for which 
he had left the throne; and if it is 
asked whether the duchess did 
the one thing she had undertaken 
for certain to do, the answer 
must be yes. “It was realty 
delightful,” Major Metcalfe 
wrote, “to see how pleased he 
and W were to get together again. 
It is very true and deep stuff” 
And, offered a «nsh in a parlour 
game in Paris at the end of his 
life, the duke replied that he 
wanted only a few more yeans 
with Wallis. 

had left the glory of his birth and 
the shelter of his ceremonial 

Frances Donaldson is the author 
//Edward VUI ( Weidenfeld arid 

John Grigg on the injustice of Britain’s judgement on Wallis Simpson 

The Duke and Duchess of Windsor had their 
faults, but they were exaggerated out of all 
proportion, while their virtues woe played 
down or not mentioned at alL The orthodox 
view, more or less imposed oa all right- 
thinking people, was that the duke bad 
betrayed his feast and threatened die very 
existence of the monarchy by giving op his 
throne for the sake of a third-rate American 

This orthodoxy is pare turn sense, though it 
has served to justify treating the Windsors as 
pariahs. They were effectively debarred from 
returning to Britain, even daring the war. The 
duke wanted to come home in 1939, and again 
in 1940. On the first occasion he accepted the 
lowly post of Assistant Regional Commission- 
er for Wales, which it was obviously assumed 
he would refuse, because as soon as he 
accepted it be was told that the offer was no 
longer open. On the second occasion he asked 
only that his wife should be received — say, for 
a cop of tea — by his brother and sister-in-law, 
but that mark of grace was declined, so the 
Windsors went instead to the Bahamas. 

A petty and 

Even during the post-war years the duke’s 
wish that his wife should share the tide of royal 

highness was never granted, and he therefore 
felt obliged to remain in exile until his death. 
The small-mindedness and perversity of this 
sustained vendetta are truly as tonish ing. 
During the abdication crisis it was suggested at 
one point by a friend of his that he might marry 
Mis Simpson morganaljcaPy and so get over 
the difficulty of her being divorced. But the 
government would not aBow this. Morganatic 
marriage was, it was argued, an alien practice 
which the British could not be expected to 

Yet mice he had abdicated and was safely oat 

of the way these scruples were forgotten, and 
his wife was condemned to a morganatic status 
from which in a sense only death has released 
her. In the eye of God, she is, no doubt, his 
equal partner; in the sight of the British crown 
and ti>e British state her inferiority was 

maintained (0 the last. 

Much has been made of the Windsors’ 
attitude to Germany in the late 1930s, and 
certainly their visit to Germany in 2937 was-a 
serious mistake. Bet so, sorely, was the 
appearance of the long and queen .on the 
balcony of Buckingham Palace with NevfOe 
Chamberlain when he returned from sharing 
the Munich agreement Both were manifesta- 
tions of the spirit of appease m en t then 
overwhelmingly prevalent. Like many others, 
the Windsors went through a stage of believing 
that there would have to be a compromise 
peace. Bat any ssRestion that they were 
crypto-Naas or potential Quislings is a 
monstrous calumny. They were rather silly at 
that time, but not sinister. 

In general it is fair to say that (be Windsor 
story has done the British monarchy immea- 
surable good. The idea that Edward’s love free 
Wallis, and the resulting abdication, cheap- 
ened or aadermined the institution is fantasy. 

The monarchy has, on the contrary, been 
strengthened by tire spectacle of a reigning 
monarch sacrificin g life position for love’s 
sake, while the coaBamty of the dynasty was 
never for a moment threatened. Wallis tried to 
persuade him to give her up and keep dm 
throne, but he could not be persuaded. Once be 
realized that he had to choose between , the 
throne and her, his choice was unhesitating. It 
was no ordinary woman who could inspire soch 
a gesture, and the Duchess of Windsor's 
qualities must not be underrated. 

The conpie’s popularity in the United States 
was predictably great, and for loo Ettfe use was 
made of it daring the war. If she had not been 
divorced — which did make ft out of the 
question for her to be qneen, at any rate in the 

1930s — she would probably have been 
successful consort. And the advantages of an 
American as Britain’s Queen in 2940 would 
have been considerable. (Queen EKzabeffa of 
course did the job marvellously, but there is 
reason to suppose that Wallis ntightrin her 
way, have done ft weD too). 

The Windsor’* romance is an. honourable 
part of the British monarchy's story, from 
which it has gained an enhancement of 
prestige. Whatever the official view, the 

British people have probably never ceased to 
admire and appreciate them. When the duke 
died nearly 60,000 came to pay their respects, 
even though be lay in state at Windsor rather 
than In Westminster HalL 
The duchess’s funeral will be a strictly 
private “family” affair. The toady, which did 
not attend her wedding, wifi at least attend her 
bnriaL The public will have no oppor t unity to 
show, opealy, what they feel about her but their 
feelings will be generous. Such feefings are of 
more lasting value than any royal title. 

Communism minus Marx 

The 1986 Italian Communist 
Parry Congress, which has just 
ended in Florence, marks a turn- 
ing point in the party's ideological 
development. No longer can the 
party be described as Manrist- 
LeninisL After Florence, it is 
social-democratic in all but name. 

In his keynote speech, the 
party's leader, Alessandro Natta, 
made no mention of either Marx 
or Lenin. The name of Ronald 
Reagan, on the other hand, was 
heard frequently. Natta did not 
make any claim to exclusive 
wisdom, either. “We don’t claim 
to profess the truth or to be 
superior to others,” he said. “We 
know that we are a fallible human 
association, just like any other.” 

This lecture on humility ana 
political relativism comes from 
the leader of a party which for 60 
years based its appeal on a 
messianic ideology long identified 
with the Bolshevik revolution and 
the Soviet Union. In recent years, 
however, as the image of Soviet- 
style communism has become 
increasingly abhorrent to Western 
public opinion, the Italian party 
has gradually distanced itself, to 
try to insulate itself from the 
repercussions of Soviet repression, 
whether in Budapest, Prague or 

It achieved this with some style 
and considerable political courage 
under the leadership of the hue 
Enrico Berlinguer. But the degree 
of emancipation from Moscow he 
achieved only showed Italian 
Communists the emptiness of an 
ideology based on such words as 
revolution, class snuggle and 
imperialism. The emancipation 
had to go further. 

The Italian party also had to 
avoid the fete that befell the 
French Communists when they 
dissociated themselves from Mos- 
cow - a dramatic collapse of elec- 
toral support The Italians seemed 
to understand that, as well as 
denouncing the Soviet model of 
communism, they also had to pan 
company with a culture and a 
language that had become ob- 
solete. Berlinguer succeeded in 
doing the former, Natta is now 
effecting the latter, and doing il 
without alienating Moscow, as 
Berlinguer did. 

Ten years ago. when Berlinguer, 
with bis French and Spanish 
counterparts. Georges Marchais 
and Santiago Carrillo. launched 

for the absence of polemic with 
Moscow. But the transition to a 
post-ideological relationship has 
also been made easier by the new 
style of leadership in Moscow. 
Mikhail Gorbachov has given the 
relationship a different tone, a 
personal touch. When he attended 
Bcriinguer’s funeral in Rome in 
1984 he admitted that tite wrongs 
in the past relationship between 
tite two parties were not aB on one 
ride. When he met Alessandro 
Natta at another funeral — that of 
Konstantin Chernenko in Mos- 
cow — Gorbachov apparently sir 
lenced the veteran Soviet 
communist ideologist, Boris 
Ponomarev, who was at his ride, 
by sayira that what was past was 
past ana that what mattered was 
the future. 

wfaai became known as Euro- 
communism, Moscow responded 
with denunciations of unprece- 
dented harshness and threats of 
excommunication. The Euro- 
communist claim to be able to 
reconcile communism with 
democracy — a prospect described 
by the Polish phiiospher Leszek 
Kolakowdri as being as likely as 
fried snowballs — prompted Mos- 
cow to organize interminable 
ideological conferences for Soviet 
■bloc communists in order to 
denounce the new concept For 
the Italians, the declaration of 
martial law in Poland in 1981 and 
violent suppression of the Solidar- 
ity trade union movement W3s the 
last straw. They interpreted these 
events as a sign of crisis in a 
system that had. as Berlinguer put 
it, “exhausted its capacity for 

Beriinguer’s words touched a 
raw nerve in Moscow, which 
perceived them as a challenge 
from within which undermined 
the ideological legitimacy of So- 
viet communism in Eastern Eu- 
rope. And ideological legitimacy is 
the only legitimacy communism 
has m Eastern Europe. 

From then on, the Italian 
Communists seem to have been 
prepared to give Gorbachov the 
benefit of the doubt. The party 
paper, L'Unita, published a 
favourable profile of tine Soviet 
leader by Zdenek Mlynar, a 
member of the Czechoslovak 
leadership of 1968. 

But tite main reason for the 
present truce between the Kalians 
and Moscow Iks in foreign policy. 
The European strategy of the' 
Italian Communist Party — an 
alliance with social-democratic 
par ties, especially the German 
SPD, is intended not only as part 
of a move towards'joint policies 
on a variety of issues within the 
institutions of tbe EEC; it is also 
an attempt to develop a foreign 
policy consensus around the no- 
tions of detente and disarmament 

Now, ]p years after the rift with 
Moscow, ideology has become less 
important to the Italian Com-, 
munisi Party under Nana's leader- 
ship. It is not that the Italian 
Communists have bad second 
thoughts about their rejection of 
the Soviet system. It is simply that 
they take it for granted. 
Eurocommunism has been re- 
placed by “Eurosocialism” — that 
is, co-operation with the main 
social-democratic parties in Eu- 
rope. This may account, in part 

That is why Gorbachov is so 
interested in these developments. 
As tbe influence of West European' 
communist parties waned, he 
became interested in winning over 
West European social democrats 
to tbe Soviet view of East-West 

The Italian Communists have 
welcomed Gorbachov’s latest 
disarmament proposals, and it is 
possible that the West European 
socialists will follow suit If this 
happens, then tbe slow drift of the 
Italian Communists into the so- 
cial-democratic fold will nor be 
seen in Moscow as a tragedy. 

Jacques Rupnik 

The author is a senior fellow. 
Fondation Nationals des Sciences 
Politiques. Paris. 

* ** 

David Watt 

From a summit 

on a clear day 

The seven-nation economic sub- 
mit meeting in Tokyo -tot"® 
weeks time ts apparently gcan^ 
be turned into ““MS?*: 
rallv Thai is the won* from n 1 ® 
White House, and Jtae . 

reaso n to suppose that me pamc*- 
SmL with SepowWe ' ex«pn?? 

of President Mitterrand, wiBde- 

beads of government find 1Q ier- 
national economics a . great j**n. 
there is a general fecimg on beta 
ride& of Sc Atlantic .after the 
Tripoli affair that Some weU- 
publidzed political fence-mend- 
ing fa now required -for which 
the Japanese hosts will be the 
more delighted to jprovsde the 
venue, since tbe stfojectremoyes 
attention from awkward tojncs 
such as unfair Ja panes e trading 
pnei the yen exchange rate. 

The main objection to tins 
(attraction will come from econo- 
mists and officials who beheve 
that the international co-ordina- 
tion of economic policies is vital at 
present, and that without _ the 
political impetus which these 
summiteers can give to a more co- 
operative regime, the tide of 
protection and the risks of a debt 
crisis will rise even higher. Anew 
Chatham House paper by Profes- 
sor Michael Artis of Manc heste r • 
University and Dr Sylvia Ostry, 
the Canadian economist, gives an 
excellent account of this point of 
view. Thank God, they say m 
effect, that protectionist clangers 
finally caused the Reagan Admin- 
istration last September to aban- 
don its farcical doctrine that if 
every nation put its own economic 

bouse in order all would be well 
with the world economy. The 
Americans have now accepted 
responsibility for bringing down 
the Afdlar gr adually , for reducing 
tile American deficit, and have 
also begun to exert leadership that 
puts diem in a position to police 
ihe reciprocal promise by the 
Germans and Japanese to tednee 
interest rates and expand then- 
economies. For heavens sake, the 
paper says, let us keep op the 
momentum and fet lhe leaders of 
the main economies take advan- 
tage of the summit to back the 
strategy to the hilt 

The truth is that terrorism and 
econo mi c co-operation both need 
urgent attention, but that the 
divergence in the approach to each 
should prompt some questions in 
the minds of President Reagan 
and his ahfes. Why is it that the 
Alliance is now working reason- 
ably well on the exchange. rate 
front white on the politioormifi* 
tary front it is voder so much 
strain? Why. are the Europeans 
prepared to accept ■*' "arid" eviai 
damour for Amor ban leadriship 
in the macroeconomic fickiLwben 
they apparently rebel against ft in 
the political? Why has the Ameri- 
can Administration been prepared 
to compromise its absotate.fiee- . 
dom ofmanoenvie over fi scai a ad 
monetary policy, but net over 

Even asking these questions 
helps to put present problems of 
tbe Alliance into dearer perspec- 
tive. Qiw can see from tooting it ; 
the economic side that, when there 
is a perception of common dan- 
ger— for example a disastrous. 

oast, 0 f the dollar or a sofeps; of 

towrt qaiie « n - If5t SW; 

economic powers was woriced jW 

houre at ih* Ptaa Hotel « Ne»- 
York. On the other hand if 5 - 
unfifcrfv that this deal could have 
SSSSmaA sooner. Wtjua 
because foe <*“8* 
arffidentfe pressing 

there was no agreement earner , 
about tite foundations- of tbe 
aremnrBL A long rtebare among 
economists and bankers was nec- 
essary before this ground was 
cleared and some wild ofcotsen- 
sos formed about the, w : 
sequences of alternative actittts.. 

Even now, of course, the dear* 
is in danger — oo the one side _ 
from the industrial afraodAf, 
interest groups represented ug.fof-' 
US Congress, on foe o™ from 
the foot-dragging of the Germans 
and the Japanese. That is why 
Reag an has already bees banging 
tic drum this week about the need 
for Germany and Japan t o go in 
far more e xp ansion aad there B- 
a fair prospect that he wifi get 
somewhere. T he Ame rican ccoa- 
omy is not so strong that it can 
safely be run on a unilateral basis, 
but strong enough to force other 
economies -to work oat their 
strategies in the Ugjht of its 
strength- In an economically inter- 
dependent world, trade-offs tire, 
rarionaH y speaking; cWgtiMy. - - - 
Can this rationality be made fo. £ 
apply in the pohnco-miluary 
sphere, where national pride and . 
the surges of public opinion ore 
the most powerful forces? It is 
dear that where tfe economic and. 
military situations are .ariictty 
comparable - that & tn tfte de- 
fence of Europe -- the same rote* 
of inter-dependence woric pttOy 
smoothly. Nato ixself embodies a 
recognition 7 of common danger; 
and an American presence that is 
dominant bat requires fuD-saik 
co-operation from fife otheralfo£ 
The trouble arises where .foe 
perception af cptnxoon danger is 
not fruty shared; and where there 
is no consensus about probebte 
. causes and effects. In-foe case of . 
terrorism there is ^grow&g agree- 
ment about the danger: out soft 
/peat mgnuteni about its nature# 
and origins arid foe best way to ' 
deal wish ft. The transatlantic 
has row tinty started 
nmi .wide ft m in prowess there b 
bound to be a mess. The feet that 
dtert i^mr cooperative frame- 
work lo itsrrain the unilateral use 
of US power leaves foe way open 
for Amcricau -spasms brought on 
by domestic pofrticai emotioosEat 
foe same time, so long as that is 
no agreed framework for . action, 
leaders like Ma Thatcher wifi 
naturally decline to be. implicated 
mthe detailed planning of opera- 
tions for which there is no broad 
public support. We have some 
way to go before we are ready for a ■ 
Plaza Hotel deal an terrorism, but 
a summit meeting at which foe 
dangers of unilateral action ahdL 
the benefits of economic co-W- 
operation are on display is not a 
bad forum in which to advance foe 

moreover .-. Miles Kington 

On a ra w s pri ng day in 1986, in foe 
small town of Chipping Spudbury, 
Mr and Mis Edwin P Drcxier 
entered the local newsagent’s 
shop, partly to get out of the rain 
and partly to buy a paper. 

“I see from your sign that you 
are an agent- for news,” said. Mr 
Drexlei;. courteously but ob- 
scurely. “May I have a copy of foe 
International Herald Tribune 7* 
r Mrs Trimfit, the newsagent’s 
wife, looked thunderstruck. It was 
not because of foe radiant quality 
of foe Dreriere’ clothes- (have you 
ever noticed that whereas British 
tourists always lookas if they have 
-had their dothesdryefcaaed that 
morning, Americans always look 
as if they bad bought them 10 
minutes previously?): No, it was 
because of Mr Drexler’s accent. 

“Lord be praised!” she mur- 
mured. “The Americans are 

“Well,” said Mr Dreader, “it is 
certainly true - that Mis Dreader , 
mid 1 are over here .on a vacation 
tpseefoe'Cotswdids, but . . . * 
-Mrs Trimfit had vanished. A' 
moment later foe was bade, 
poshing in front of her a young 
cftakfc“There you are, Jimmy,” she 
said. “Real Americans! Jimmy has 
never seen an American before, I 
hope you don’t mind,” foe added. 
“At least, not outride foe 
television ” she subtracted. 

“Jimmy is a lovely child”, 
beamed Mrs Drexfer. She was 
much mistaken, for Jimmy was an 
aggressive little brat,, owing partly 
to aft the American programmes 
hewalchecL : - 

Mr Drexter meanwhile fchr 
somewhat oppressed. As they 
seemed to be the only American 
couple who had not cancelled their 
British holiday following foe ter- 
roristand Libyan scare, they had 

bees feted afi across England, like 

& pair of ospreys. 

“So that’s just a Herald 
Tribune. . . ” he was saying, 
when the shop door opened and a 
young man entered. His -eyes lit 
up- ... 

“So its truer he said. “Real 
Americans! Excuse me, sir, but I 
am a tourist official from foe city 
of Bath, and lam here to offer you 

extraordinary reductions if you 
wish to visit our great city.” 

“I imagined that Bath was full of •• 
Americans,” said Mr Drexler. ' to 4 
“On ce, sir, once. No longer: The - 
streets that last year were 
crammed with shuffling trans- 
atlantic forms, four-deep on foe - 
-pavement, are now occupied- by 
inhabitants. Who don’t stay at tite 
hotels,” be finished bitterly, just as 
another, rather older man entered. 

“Do I have the pleasure of 
addreming visitors from the 
Umted States?” he- inquired 
Then yon may be interested in 
seeing foe Royal Shakespeare 
Company at very low rates. I am 
then agent in foe CotswoMs and 
we have seats in all parts, in feet 
we have rows in all parts . . . " 

He was interrupted by a new 
kilt. “If ye thought the 

arrival ina 

Cotswoias were grand," he 
. opened, “then ye’ll rair go- mad. 
over foe Highlands of Scotland. 
And, this -year wp have a special 
amamon- ye’ll be foe only 
the feir hills Of 

Sc^ are waiting for ye.. 

^YouTl find Bath closer ...” 
Not as dose as Stratfotti . . . ^ 
“Stop* cried Mr Drexler. “All h 
SiJ? International Herald 

kflf? UPPinS Spiu&ury 


r W 

\ ’ 


i - 

«M A ^ that J L where Vm from,” 
^d yet another arrival “Ernie 

Widler of fog Mercury, We’d like 
■jJLJSf T*"®* °f you as foe only 
gWBte brave rowngfa to come 

and Mrs^ Die 


bedroom watching The Fr* 
* & 

English accent. 

-I? P®ss for British, 

S«*ned > hSfSSfg* 

1& ® an d«>te a n }t he^^ 

- _ • - v 

'-'i din. 



f Q‘ 



1 Pennir^ton Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


•>- SjS 

**«v_ 'O' -S. 

The deiatfa of the Duchess of 

~ 1 - not simply on the great events 

U-^. /of social and political evolu- ■ 
>■ , - y- lion, but on the accidents that 
-IT.’ ‘ if' 4 ? particular, people exist in 
particular contexts at parti cu- 

* >,■ \ Jar times. 

• -i' : The fact that Edward VXH 

_ > Tell in love with 1 Mrs Willis 

••• 'Simpson, and. valued that love 

: ° higher than the Crown, is more 
‘ then a remarkable and ro- 

.... '’-C'r \ mantic story in its own right. 

■’ f ^ For it finally changed the line. 

succession to the throne, 

• vl* Taud by . common consent that " 

. - C change almost certainly 

brought the Crown lasting 
. . , ; > benefit. ■ 

. In addition it had a notable 

• impact on the fortunes of 

' \ politicians at the time of the 

. " r Abdication. -Stanley Baldwin, 

I ' h- V- w ho was on the “light" side of 
^ ihe controversy .. {which, as 

• J’ 1 * 1 ; v Prime Minister, he handled 
•i.-v’.-i' ^ with consummate skill), was 

"7 * ~ greatly strengthened at a mo- 

. -7- ’-••f. merit when his standin g had 

• I \ been badly damaged by the 
: 7. * government’s errors in foreign 

■ ; : • • % policy. Winston Churchill, on 
‘ the other hand, who was the 
‘.. :f ‘ government’s most effective 
critic, spoke up fpr the King in 
’ ! .4.-. .,_ 1s * the House of Commons and 
• j; was shouted down for it At a 
. critical moment in the 
- 7” ~ government’s appeasement 

’•*, \ f policy, Churchill’s political in- 
\rl flnence was shaipjy dimin- 
, — 7 ished by his misjudgement 

? over the Abdication, and few 
‘ ■ **:■ would then have predicted the 
C **£ ncff* to power that was to come 

' • t0 ^ crisis of war. . 

"v jr . Yet behind all this was a 

~ ' r ‘ *77 personal story in many ways 
7“ touching and sad. lt is eus- 

z - N'i tomary now to write , off the 

— _ ^Duke of Windsor as a self- 

v . a indulgent man (as in many 

“ " 

. " h 



' • »•. a 


ways he plainly was) whose 
inadequate grasp of his high 
duty made him prefer personal 
inebriation to the fulfilment of 

That is not quite how he 
appeared at the time. He had 
been an immensely popular 
Prince ofWales whose concern 
for the social problems of the 
time, for ex-servicemen and 
the unemployed, was genuine 
and publicly appreciated. The 
extent to which he fbund his 
formal duties irksome was 
generally as unknown asthe 
details of his private life until 
the crisis broke and the public 
learned that the 41 -year-old 
King wished to . marry a twice- 
divorced American. 

Today it is not easy to evoke 
the then prevailing attitude to 
divorce in Britain. In America 
(as . the movies constantly re- 
minded cinema audiences) it 
was already, a comparatively 
everyday matter which seemed 
no bar to respectability. In 
Britain, however, it was rare 
and in most ordinary families 
a matter for shock. In higher 
society, private morals were 
no different from those of 
other times, but ordinary citi- 
zens knew little of them. 
Formal morality was clear-cut 
and Mrs Simpson probably 
had no understanding of the 
British attitude, and still less of 
the public expectation that the 
Royal Family should set a 
better example than many of 
the Crown’s subjects are able 
to follow: 

. After the abdication the 
Puke and Duchess of Windsor 
went into 'what amounted to a 
permanent exile, . albeit 
poncutated by visits to Britain. 
Their life was in many ways 
unfulfilled, limited and even 
hedonistic; perhaps inevitably 
so since no duties were avail- 
able. What is not in doubt is 


an kiln i$ 
id a buy* 

It is only seven months since 
those responsible for . ‘the 
world’s five keyT^agrencisl 
finally agreed to cotopftate in 
bringing down the superdollar. 
Now the g^t is off foe green- 
back; and the tensions caused 
by the latest twist in the 
currency saga threaten to dis- 
turb an economic - summit 
whose agenda is already bur- 
dened by political and trading 
disagreements. • . . 

£ The dollar’s fall is hardly an 
unexpected complication of 
the international, economic 
scene. The Reagan Admin- 
istration has wished to see the 
dollar fall in order to improve 
America’s trading prospects. 
But it is beginning to see rocks 
ahead: the difficulty in easing 
monetary policy to stimulate 
growth without at the same 
time putting foe-skids under 
the dollar. 

It is inevitable that the 
American government should 
be looking for scapegoats. The 
Japanese, hosts to the eccn 
nonuc summit due to take 

4 place at the beginning of May, 
have already felt the heat. 
Washington has been en- 
couraging a rise in the yen 
(which makes Japanese goods 
less price-competitive) and 
urging Japan to . increase its 
demand forim ports. 

On this at leak America and 
Europe are in harmony. But 
the Japanese are beginning to 
resist; in the foreign exchange 

markets they- have recently 
been supporting the dollar 
against the'^L . . “ . "V.. .! 

: During the summit a tactful 
reticence -~wiH no doubt be 
employed. It is in theinierests 
of the United States to keep 
japan sufficiently sweet to pen 
its signature to the declaration 
on _ international terrorism 
now circulating among sum- 
mit governments. 

* The Reagan Administration 
has been hinting for more than 
a year that raster German 
growth, meaning higher Ger- 
man demand for imports, 
would help ease America's 
problems of adjustment. The 
immediate focus of complaint 
is foe ievd of interest -rates. 
When rates began to foil 
worldwide in the middle of 
March, West Germany led the 
way. Now if is lagging behind 
America and Japan, and the 
Americans are displeased. 

Pre-summit urgings evoke 
in Bonn memories of foe 197S 
summit in which the German 
government bowed to Ameri- 
can pressure for reflation. By 
the following year, oil prices 
had spiralled again and foe 
Germans blamed the 
summiteers for adding to their 
inflation. Though, today’s 
circumstances are very .dif- 
ferent, the Germans are no 
readier to respond to Ameri- 
can pressure; particularly, at a 
lime when Europe and the 
United States are engaged in a 

tit-for-tat. trade dispute, and 
querulously divided over . 
President Reagan’s strategy for 
combatting Ubyamerrorism. 
-...Cfut of .this combination of 
political bad temper and mud- 
dled economic thinking, it 
should remain possible to 
extract some principles of 
commonsense agreement The 
fall in the dollar has come at an 
opportune moment; the weak- 
ness of oil and other commod- 
ity prices has enabled the 
United States to endure a 
downward adjustment of its 
exchange rate without much 
perceptible inflationary dan- 
ger. If the Americans can 
exercise sufficient patience, 
their trade deficit will improve 
in consequence; in the mean- 
time, the political temptation 
to pick trade quarrels with 
Europe must be resisted. 

Nor would the Americans be 
wise to push their complaints 
against West Germany too for. 
They will not be supported by 
the other Europeans. But Eu- 
rope as a whole must recognise 
that more needs to be done to 
enable its sluggish economies 
to take advantage of the new 
opportunity of cheap ofl. All 
should recognise, too, that the 
agreement of summiteers — or 
at least of the five key partici- 
pants - to co-operate in 
exchange-rate management is 
a precious consensusthat must 
be preserved. Which implies 
co-operation in interest-rate 
policy too. 


Subsidized school .lunches 
were once a cornerstone of foe 
universal welfare state. But the 
. made for them in the 
collectivized 1940s wore thin 
long ago. The arguments foi 
1 subsidy came to confuse the 
'. self-interest ofNupe, the din- 
ner ladies’ trade union, with 
Webbite arguments about pay- 
ing for food in order to ayoid a 
degeneration of the nation’s 
physical stock. As the costs 
and benefits of foe welfare 
state have recently been re- 
vised, so also has the provision 
of school meals. There is now 
considerable-diversity of pro- 
vision throughout the country. 

The State still decrees, that 
local education authorities 
must provide food for children 
from poor fomilies — receiv- 
ing Supplementary Benefit 
and Family Income Support 
Beyond, that they *are em- 
powered (but not required) to 
provide for children who, for 
one family reason or another, 
fc.may need a free lunch. 

It .does not take a hard- 
nosed economist to point out 
that there is no such tiring the 
point Is that these councils 
have had tifl now, in foe light 
of local circumstance, a cap 
ity to top up foe basic, means- 

tested provision. And. that is 
surely how it should be. 

Universal welfare state 
norms are in many cases 
anachronistic.' The localized 
facts of social deprivation and 
need remain. The answer is 
varied provision: assistance 
provided not by bureaucratic 
ordinance of toe the central 
government but by voluntary 
organizations and local 
authority. . 

In its current centralizing 
mood the Government does 
not like such variety. , The 
Social Security Bill, embody- 

Social Security, in its infinite 
wisdom about the welfare 
system it administers, forgot 
the effects of changes else- 
where, notably in Housing 
Benefit These could result, in 
certain family circumstances, 
in reducing that amount 
The upshot is a situation 
where there must be room for 
local discretion. Family needs 
differ, so does access to jobs. 
Admittedly, judging these may 
involve political consid- 
erations at odds with those 
espoused by the central gov- 
ernment But that is foe pur- 


In place of Hillsborough 

foe Duke’s profound affection 
for his wife who. as her 
personal friends remember 
her, was a woman of strong 
personality, considerable wit 
and dignity, and who bad 
attempted in the end to dis- 
suade foe King to give up the 
idea of marriage. 

In some respects they were 
treated meanly. It was unkind, 
and arguably improper (who- 
ever was responsible) to deny 
the Duchess the title of Royal 
Highness which the Duke so 
strongly wanted her to have. It 
was harsh that she could not be 
received by the then King and 
Queen, but gratifying to 
remember that in the present 
reign, the rift was bridged. 

During the war, the Wind- 
sors were the cause of some 
anxiety to Churchill since, 
during his time in Madrid (to 
which he had gone from 
France), foe Duke was seen as 
a possible puppet King by the 
nazis There was also some 
suggestion that foe Duke and 
Duchess had spoken of the war 
in terras that might have 
seemed to encourage this nazi 
hope. If they did, it was 
probably the consequence of 
their personal disgruntleraent 
rather than a rooted political 
opinion. Nobody can say how 
foe Duke would have shaped 
had he remained King, but 
obviusly he could not have 
influenced the policy of the 
war years differently. What is 
undoubtedly true is that his 
love fdr the old lady who died 
alone in Paris yesterday placed 
upon the Throne first a King 
and then a Queen whose 
higher notion of duty has 
enhanced the status of the 
throne to a degree which could 
not have been foreseen in 
1936. In such ways do private 
loves and tragedies, and public 
affairs, so often intermingle. 

ing Mr Fowler’s reform of foe pose of local administration of AT1l - maT ^ ' 

From Lord Hylton 
Sir. Reasonable and fair-minded 
people everywhere welcome the 
condemnation of irresponsible at- 
tacks on the RUC and their 
families, made by Mr Cecil 
Walker, MP (Belfast North) m his 
letter of April 23. They will be 
encouraged by his mention of an 
alternative to the Anglo-Irish 

Five months, however, have 
passed since the Agreement was 
signed and approved by the two 
parliaments. During this time no 
major Unionist figure has in- 
dicated what would be an accept- 
able alternative. 

There have been unofficial talks 
between members of the Official 
Unionist and Social Democratic 
and Labour parties- These pro- 
duced a constructive document 
emitted “A Northern Ireland 
Charter", which has circulated in 

Observatory future 

From Sfr fan van Breda and Mr 
Peter Read 

Sir. As members of staff of the 
Royal Greenwich Observatory, 
many of whom support our views, 
we have been dismayed at the 
decision by the Science and En- 
gineering Research Council to 
move the observatory from the 
present site. 

The move will cost several 
million pounds and serve to 
destroy England's national obser- 
vatory, break the link with the 
University of Sussex, lose highly 
skilled personnel, delay important 
astronomical projects, render use- 
less the existing telescopes on site, 
lose a public amenity for tourism 
and education, diminish high 
technology demands on local in- 
dustry. and increase the cost of 
access by air to the telescopes on 
La Palma. 

We would wish to make public 
one possibility that will avoid this 
waste of money. We propose that 
the RGO should remain on its 
present site at Herstmonceux, but 
with a modified role, in which it 
also acts as the astronomical base 
for the British National Space 

Balance of power 

From Lord Gladwyn 
Sir. Sir Reginald Hibbert (April 
! 19) says, effectively, that the 
j recent exercise of US “power”, 

! though camouflaged as “self- 
i defence", was in reality a “pu- 
nitive expedition" on the lines of 
previous European “expeditions” 
— presumably undertaken in the 
days of “gunboat diplomacy" — 
and that “Europeans” ought to 
regain such capacity so that “they, 
too, can have power and influence 
commensurate with their size and 

If this reversed policy — de- 
signed, so it would seem, to bring 
us all out of “the world of 
appearance” into “the world of 
reality” - is to be pursued by 
members of the North Atlantic 
Alliance in default of treaty obliga- 
tions, then we shall, presumably, 
soon see American “expeditions" 
at least to Nicaragua or Cuba and, 
as soon as the necessary re- 
, armament is accomplished, an 
effort on the part of the UK and 
France, possibly with American 

Animal research 

From Ms Rebecca Hall and others 
Sir, There have been few enough 
voices protesting against the 
Government's Animals (Scientific 
Procedures) Bill currently passing 
through Parliament, mostly be- 
cause of widespread ignorance on 
the subject, especially among poli- 

It is a matter of great concern 
that 1) the Bill has been sponsored 
by interests such as chemical and 
pharmaceutical companies and 
the British Veterinary Association 
which can afford propaganda on a 
scale denied to their opponents: 2) 
no animal welfare society has 
supported it without serious 
qualification; 3) there has been no 
commitment by the Government 
to work towards the abolition of 
experiments on animals; 4) no 
experiment currently carried out 
will be abolished under tbe new 
law and the Bill may well make the 
situation worse for laboratory 

Tbe exploitation of one species 
leads to the exploitation of all 
others. If this Bill fails, we shall 
have taken a step towards a 
commitment to phasing out 
experimentation on animals. If it 
is passed, death will still have 
dominion for millions of unfortu- 
nate animal victims each year, 
into an indefinite future. 

Yours faithfully, 


Writers Against Experiments on 

social security net, abhors 
diversity. A clause put through 
yesterday decreed'that foe new 
Family Support package was 
it. Local authorities would be 
required to provide free meals 
to children of. designated fom- 
ilies only. 

For the poor in- work, and 
for foe almost poor not receiv- 
ing income support the Gov- 
ernment argues that a cash 
payment, through Family 
Credit - £220 per week per 
child - is enough. Taking 
school holidays into account 
that is 60p per- lunch; Ample, 
says the Government But. the 
Department of Health and 

public services. 

With its package of reforms 
for council finance, the Gov- 
ernment is attempting to make 
localities bear more accurately 
tbe cost of such decisions. 
That is right. Let the Govern- 
ment on this occasion give an 
earnest of its declared inten- 
tion to reform finance, and 
then allow local authorities get 
on with foe job they are good 
at deciding issues on the base 
of local circumstance. 

Tbe. Social Security Bill has 
some. Parliamentary distance 
to go. Both MPs and, later, 
peers should look again at 
school lunches. 

Wessinglon Court, . 



April 19. 

Holy writ 

From the Reverend A. H. Mead 
Sir, The passage which strikes 
Gifford Longley (“The elusive 
language of prayer", April 21 ) as 
like a Hollywood scriptwriter’s 
pastiche of the Authorized Ver- 
sion comes from tire Book of 
Common Prayer. 

Yours iaithfully. 


St Paul's School, 

Lonsdale Road, 

Barnes. SW13, 

April 21. 

Senior academics nave also 
been active. Professors A Alcock 
and K Boyle and T. Hadden all 
gave evidence to the Northern 
Ireland Assembles Grand 
Committee, which has been pub- 
lished. Professors Boyle and 
Hadden wrote a major article in 
your issue of April 18. 

We are entitled to ask which of 
these valuable ideas is acceptable 
to a majority of Unionist opinion? 
If none of them provides even a 
basis for discussion, ihen the 
objectors to the existing Agree- 
ment are in duty bound to produce 
.their own proposals. 

The many who work for peace 
and prosperity are entitled to see 
alternative proposals, before any 
further violence or civil disobedi- 
ence harms the atmosphere for 
worthwhile negotiations. 

Yours faitbfullv. 


House of Lords. 

RGO would continue to sup- 
port tbe UK telescopes on La 
Palma and retain its speciality in 
ground-based astronomy, while 
fostering the use of observations 
from both ground and space in its 
research programme. For space 
projects, it would supply specialist 
services gained from its experi- 
ence in ground-based astronomy. 
All this would be done in contin- 
ued close collaboration with the 

This proposal avoids an un- 
necessary and expensive move, 
provides even-handed support for 
universities, maintains the exist- 
ing convenient location for travel 
to La Palma and Europe for major 
new projects, and retains RGO's 
long-term data collection along- 
side modern developments, while 
existing telescopes continue their 
useful role. 

Finally, the popular and educa- 
tional scientific exhibition is pre- 

Yours fahhfullv. 

P. D. READ, 

52 Ingrams Way, 

Hail sham, 


April 18. 

support to reassert their old 
authority, e.g. in the Middle East 
or South-east Asia. Nor will the 
Soviet Union be slow to follow tbe 
example of the West 

But times have changed since 
we patrolled tbe Yangtse river, 
and even more since the Ameri- 
can, Stephen Decatur, successfully 
suppressed the “Barbary pirates" 
in the harbour of Tripoli itself. 
The under-dog can now bit back, 
however “illegally”, in support of. 
his grievances, and over the whole 
scene broods the menace of the 
nuclear bomb. 

Unless, therefore, the West the 
East and tbe .Arabs can settle their 
differences, notably in the Middle 
East peacefully and legally, we in 
the West shall soon be heading for 
generalised hostilities. This is 
something in which I believe the 
western European governments, 
short of a direct attack by the 
Soviet Union, will not if it comes 
to the point be prepared to take 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Lords. 

Loss of Enrydfce 

From Mr Paddy Heazell 
Sir, Further to the loss of HMS 
Eurydice in March. 1878, I won- 
der whether one noted historian, 
Mr Martin Gilbert is letting pass 
an inaccuracy on the part of 
another, Sir Winston Churchill 

The Eurydice was no trooper, 
but a crack sail training ship of the 
Royal Navy, with a naval crew' of 
75. 15 marines and some 200 
young seamen under training. The 
only military men aboard were six 
time-expired soldiers, five court- 
martial prisoners and a captain of 
Royal Engineers. 

Sir Winston’s recollection of 
poor soldiers drowned following 
valiant service fighting savages 
overseas was sadly misplaced. The 
reason for the accident was the 
reckless self-confidence that arose 
from the very fitness and expertise 
of the ship's company. They drove 
their ship on to her beam ends, 
flooding the main deck, chiefly 
because they never believed the 
squall could better them. 

The ship righted herself as she 
went under, which was why the 
youthfiil witness saw tbe three 
black masts sticking up out of the 
seven fathom-deep waters. 

Yours sincerely, 

2 Buckland Crescent, NW3. 

Loans for gas 

From Mr W. R. Probert 
Sir. I must lake issue with the 
article by Andrew Warren (April 
19) contrasting energy conserva- 
tion activities in the US and 
Britain. British Gas is heavily 
involved with encouraging the 
efficient use of gas through a large 
number of channels. 

Pacific Gas and Electric Com- 
pany. to whom Mr Warren refers, 
is a major electric producer as well 
as a gas utility- It is the impact on 
investment in electric power 
generation which explains much 
of the company’s activities in 
subsidising energy conservation. 

The cost of zero-interest loans 
for energy saving has to be 
recovered through higher gas and 
electricity prices to customers. It is 
only worth spending on such 
schemes if the cost of new supplies 
of energy are appreciably higher 
than the price charged to con- 
sumers. This is not true for British 
Gas or the great majority of US 
gas utilities. Many states other 
than California have not thought 
such loans are justified. Even the 

Censorship of 
TV by law 

From the Master of University 
College. Oxford 

Sir. The Obscene Publications 

(Protection of Children etc) Bill 
introduced by my friend Mr 
Winston Churchill provides a 
valuable occasion for demonstrat- 
ing the concern widely felt that 
broadcasting, and in particular 
television broadcasting, needs the 
most careful invigilation to re- 
assure the public about its effect 
on children. Mr Churchill is to be 
congratulated for having brought 
this matter to such prominent 

I have over the years been 
actively engaged in considering 
the efficacy of legal censorship, 
particularly in relation to lit- 
erature and films. I have arrived at 
the firm conclusion that these are 
not matters that can be effectively 
dealt with in the dock at the Old 

The control to be of any value is 
achieved, and can only be 
achieved, by ensuring that the 
people in charge of programmes at 
the production end are people of 
commonsense and social 
responsibility. Unfortunately, 
from the evidence of my own eyes, 
there is some reason to believe 
that not everyone so employed 
enjoys these qualifications. 

Tbe BBC and the IBa have at 
their disposal, if they are minded 
to use them, completely effective 
powers to edit and if necessary to 
veto programmes. The current 
debate must have served a pur- 
pose in alerting them to the 
strength of public feeling on this 
important matter. It is difficult to 
see how interposing the opinion of 
an additional public functionary, 
namely the Director of Public 
Prosecutions, who with all respect 
to him has no special expertise in 
determining the complicated so- 
cial, moral and artistic consid- 
erations that need to be weighed, 
will ensure a better result 

The two manifest disadvantages 
of the Bill are. first that it exposes 
both of the carefully selected 
boards of the two bodies con- 
cerned to a risk of prosecution, 
which must be some deterrent on 
future appointees; and perhaps 
more important the extreme reluc- 
tance that present day juries have 
manifested in bringing in "guilty" 
verdicts in respect of prosecutions 
of any seriously intended work. 

The result of such prosecutions 
may in many cases end in the 
programme receiving a certificate 
of innocence which can only be an 
encouragement to anyone anxious 
improperly to exploit the media 

- My belief is that the discussion 
of this matter is altogether benevo- 
lent but I have deep misgivings 
about whether the proposed ac- 
tion may not be counter-produc- 

Yours faithfully, 


University College. 


April 24. 

Still, small voice 

From Dr John Herbert 
Sir. Mr Ludovic Kennedy's re- 
ligious ideas would have been 
formed in the thirties and forties, 
refined later by his thinking and 
reading, finally culminating in his 
article (April 19). 

Even taking his neo-stoicism at 
the level he wishes, he must surely 
see that a God who is simply the 
“voice within” or “the idea of God 
in the mind" dies with us at our 
death. There can therefore be no 
external God for him. 

Alas! Theoretical physics has 
long exploded the basic assump- 
tions which he makes. Modern 
quantum mechanics based on 
mathematics, the purest and most 
precise form of knowledge which 
we possess, virtually demands the 
existence of an external God. 
Without this external observer 
measuring us from a measuring 
system of probable nth dimen- 
sions. there could be no “still, 
small voice”. 

Given the complete failure of 
our educational system to provide 
young people with some of the 
concepts of contemporary quan- 
tum theory (I write as a’ former 
headmaster), the apostasy of 
contemporary Britain will con- 
tinue and the outdated credo of 
media experts like Mr Kennedy 
will receive more prominence 
than it deserves. 

Yours sincerely, 



17 Gelli Avenue, 



PG & E programme is due to 
finish during 1986. 

The company’s original 
conservation programme was 
largely in response to an artificial 
"shortage” of gas that arose in the 
1 970s created by the regulatory 
system in the US. The situation in 
the US is now one of surplus so 
that the incentive for gas utilities 
to encourage consumers to reduce 
demand is similarly less. . 

To ignore the tremendous ef- 
forts made in Britain by both gas 
and electricity undertakings to 
encourage energy efficiency in use 
is unreasonable. To ignore also the 
fact that much of the energy audit 
programme which regulators in 
the US have imposed on utilities 
has been ineffective and some 
energy conservation programmes 
are now being abandoned is 
positively misleading. 

Yours faithfully, 


Managing Director. Marketing, 
British Gas Corporation. . 
Rivermili House, 

1 52 Grosvenor Road. SWI. 

April 23. 

- 1* 


APRIL 25 1924 

George V, accompanied byQueen 
Mary, declared open tire British 
Empire Exhibition at Wembley on 
April 23. In the new stadium, bum 
the previous year, it was a day of 
grand spectacles and pageantry, of 
state trappings and military 
bands, of massed choirs -the 
latter under the baton of Sir 
Edward Elgar - singing his 
“Land of Hope and Glory'. 



(By Our Special Correspondent.) 

Wembley was a city of strange 
contrasts yesterday — of frenzied 
construction on the one hand and 
of agonized destruction on the 
other. One might have i m a gin ed 
that the servants of Prince Charm- 
ing were obliterating all traces of 
the Crystal Slipper ball and at the 
frump time preparing post haste for 
the marriage of Cinderella. 

That is one of the joys of 
Wembley as the public now have 
an opportunity of seeing it. It is 8 
city of wonderful contrasts in 
which it is impossible to tell what 
one will see next. A time will come 
very soon when all lorries and 
traction engines will have done 
their work pw) will have been 
banished for ever from this new 
Paradise, but for the present they 
are there, and for a few days it is 
great fun to see tbe jostling traffic 
which greets the visitor at every 
comer. Lorries which are carting 
away the debris from completed 
buildings; bath chairs in which 
visitors are making the grand tour 
of the Exhibition; steam rollers 
which are levelling paths by magic; 
motor-cycles and electric cars are 
everywhere, and at times it is quite 
as exciting to cross the road at 
Wembley as it is at Trafalgar- 

There is grim irony in the fact 
that, while most of the workers at 
Wembley are still occupied in 
building up, others were hard at 
work yesterday in pulling down. 
The Stadium during the week has 
been a gigantic transformation 
scene. In three days it had been 
changed from its usual concrete, 
sombre self to a worthy home for 
pomp and pageantry. Then, after a 
few hours of glorious life, the 
process of transformation began 
again, for the Cup Final is to be 
played at the Stadium tomorrow, 
and everything must be in apple- 
pie order for the great football 
festival of the year. By yesterday 
morning the Stadium's spell of 
glory was at an end. What had a 
few hours before been a pavilion of 
purple and gold was now a litter of 
woodwork: Teams of workmen 
staggered under the weight of 
wooden pillars as they removed 
them from the Stadium. Thrones 
and gilt chairs had disappeared; 
one of the few remaining splashes 
of cotour was at the other end of 
the oval enclosure, where red 
trappings showed where Sir Ed- 
ward Elgar bad conducted the 
choir. Every minute the scene 
became more unlike that of the 
preceding day . . . 


The second night of a new play is 
always supposed to be the roost 
depressing performance of the 
whole run. The glamour of the first 
night has wom off and there is not 
yet the consolation of a wildly 
enthusiastic public. One had imag- 
ined that tbe same rule would apply 
to exhibitions and that Wembley 
yesterday would have the "day 
after" appearance. As a matter of 
fact, however, it was nothing of the 
sort. Yesterday the real business of 
sightseeing began. Directly the 
gates were open the rush of visitors 
started, and it continued without 
cessation throughout the day. Hap- 
pily the traffic arrangements are 
already so good that the journey 
can be made without discomfort. 
Those who visited Wembley for the 
Cup Final last year may be glad to 
be reassured on that point by one 
who suffered with them. 

It is quite entertaining to watch 
the faces of visitors to the Exhibi- 
tion for the first time. They have 
been told over and over again that 
one building is three times the size 
of Olympia and that another could 
swallow up Trafalgar-square with- 
out difficulty, but until they see for 
themselves they do not appear to 
be impressed. Their comments 
yesterday morning 'were interest- 
ing. There were some who came 
openly announcing their intention 
of “doing” the Exhibition before 
luncheon and then spending the 
afternoon amid the strenuous plea- 
sures of the Amusement Paris. 
When the luncheon hour arrived 
they discovered that they had not 
begun their task of “doing” the 
Exhibition, and they had realized, 
and it is to be hoped that they will 
tell their friends, that the “do mg” 
of Wembley is not a matter of 
hours but of days and weeks. 

It was good at any rate to find 
that visitors were already adopting 
the Wembley habit of looking on 
the bright side. Agreed that there 
was still work to be done, but 
already there was enough to see for 
a series of visits; true the dust was 
irritating to the throat, but the 
lakes and the grass were very 
restful to the eye ■ . . 

Best-buy GPs 

From Dr J. Grarmett 
Sir, In the light of Norman 
Fowler’s Green Paper (report, 
April 22) proposing that GPs may 
in the fiiture have to provide 
details of the services they offer, 
might I suggest a new publication 
for the consumer — perhaps 
entitled "Which Doctor?” 

Yours faithfully. 


Hemel Hempstead Genera] Hos- 

West Hens Wing. 

Hillfield Road, 

Hemel Hempstead, 


April 23. 

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April 24: The Queen has teamed 
wih regret of the death of the 
Duchess of Windsor. 

.The King and Queen of Spain 
visited Oxford University 

Their Majesties travelled in 
an aircraft ofThe Queen's Flight 
to New College Playing Reids 
this morning and were received 
hy Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieuten- 
ant for Oxfordshire (Sir Ashley 
Ponsonby, Bi). 

The King and Queen of Spain 
subsequently visited the 
Ashmolean Museum (Director. 
Dr CJ. White) and were re- 
ceived by the Chancellor of the 
University (the Lord Stockton) 
and the Vice-Chancellor Sir 
Patrick Neill). 

Afterwards. Their Majesties 
visited the Bodleian Library 
(Librarian. Mr D.G. Vaisey). 

The King and Queen of Spain 
then attended a Ceremony in 
the Sheldonian Theatre where 
the Chancellor admitted His 
Majesty as a Doctor of Civil 

Their Majesties subsequently 
Wended a Reception in the 
Codrington Library and after- 
wards were entertained at lun- 
cheon by the Chancellor in the 
Hall of All Souls College. 

The King and Queen of Spain 
this afternoon visited the Anglo- 
Spanisb Society (Chairman, the 
Duke of Wellington) at 5, 
Cavendish Square. Wl. 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh were entertained at a 
Banquet and Reception this 

evening by The King and Queen 
of Spain at the Spanish 

The Duchess of Grafton and 
the Right Hon Sir William 
Heseltme were in attendance. 
April 24: The Princess Anne, 
Mrs Mark Phillips, President of 
the Royal Bath and West and 
Southern Counties Society, this 
morning attended a meeting of 
the Council of the Society at the 
Showground, Shepton Mallet. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by Her Majesty's Lord- 
Lieutenant for Somerset 
(Lieutenant-Colonel Walter 
L u ttrell) and the Deputy Presi- 
dent of the Society (Sir John 
Wills, Bt). 

Lieutenand-Coiooel Peter 
Gibbs was in attendance. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips was entertained at a 
Banquet and Reception this 
evening by The King and Queen 
of Spain at the Spanish 

April 24: The Prince of Wales 
this morning visited HMS- ST 
Vincent, London. 

Lieutenant Commander 
Richard Aylard, RN, was in 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales were entertained at a 
Banquet and Reception this 
evening by The King and Queen 
of Spain at the Spanish 

April 24: The Princess Margaret, 
Countess of Snowdon was enter- 
tained at a Banquet and Recep- 
tion this evening by The King 
and Queen of Spain at the 
Spanish Embassy. 

April 24: The Duke of Glouces- 

ter this afternoon opened the 
Metropolitan Police South East 
Area Traffic Unit at Aiiken 
Road, Catford. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance. 

The Duke and Duchess of 
Gloucester were entertained at a 
Banquet and Reception this 
evening by The King and Queen 
of Spain at the Spanish 

April 24: The Duke of Kent, 
Presklent, today opened the 
Second World War Exhibition 
at the Imperial War Museum. 

Captain Michael Campbell- 
Lamerton was in attendance. 

The Duke of Kent was enter- 
tained at a Banquet and Recep- 
tion this evening by The King 
and Queen of Spain at the 
Spanish Embassy. 

The Duchess of Kent, Patron, 
this evening attended the Con- 
certo Final of the BBC 
Television’s “Young Musician 
of the Year 1986” at the Free 
Trade Haft, Manchester. 

Her Royal Highness, who 

travelled in an aircraft of Die 
Queen’s Flight, was attended by 
Mrs David Napier. 
April 24: Princess Alexandra, 
Patron of Queen Alexandra’s 
Royal Naval Nursing Service, 
this afternoon received Miss J. 
Robertson upon retiring as Ma- 
tron-in-Chief and Miss E. M. 
Northway upon assuming this 

Her Royal Highness and tbe 
Hon Angus Ogilvy were enter- 
tained at a Banquet and Recep- 
tion this evening by Tbe King 
and Queen of Spain at the 
, Embassy. 

Birthdays today 

Sir Robin Cater, 67; Mr An- 
thony Christopher, 61; Sir John 
dements. 76; Mr Kenneth Da- 
vies, 87; Miss EUs Fitzgerald, 
68; Lord Gladwyn, 86; Mr 
W.F.R. Hardie, 84; Lord 
Hayter, 75; the Earl of Lichfield, 
47; Mr David Machin, 52; Lady 
Manre, 66; Vice-Admiral Sir 
Frank Mason, 86; the Rev 
Marcus Morris, 71; Mr Buster 
Mottram, 31; Sir James Piim- 
soQ, 69; Mr William Roache, 54; 
Sir Stanley Rous, 91; Mr David 
Shepherd, 55; Sir Jack Smart, 
66; Professor Sir Graham 
Smith. 63; Sir -David Stephens. 

A memorial service for Sir 
Charles Stirling will be held at 
Chelsea Old Church at 2 pm 

A memorial requiem Mass will 
be held for Mr Ian Hervey 
Stuart Black at the Brampton. 
Oratory on Wednesday, April 
30, at 1130 am. 

A memorial service for Mr 
Justice Skinner will be held in 
Lincoln's Inn Chapel on Tues- 
day, June 3, 1986, at 5 pm. 

A service ofthanfcsgiving for the 
life of Mrs Barry Wieland 
(Meryl- MacRae) wiU be hekt at 
the Church of the Immaculate 
Conception, Fann Street, Wl, 
on Thursday, May I, 1986. at 3 



Mr GJ>. Bevir 
and Mrs P. Zaram 
The engagement is announced 
between George David Bevir, of 
Hoi well. Sherborne, Dorset, el- 
der son of tbe late Dr and Mrs 
G.T. Bevir, and Panajiota 
Zaram, of Athens, youngest 
daughter of Mr D. 
Charalambous, of Limassol, Cy- 
prus. and the late Mrs N. 
Charalambous. The marriage 
will take place in Athens in 

Mr JJX. Gedge 
and Miss S-A. Limn 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between John Denny, son of Mr 
and Mrs Peter S. Gedge, of 
Lancaster, and Sarah Anne, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Lionel Loan, of Gosforth, New- 
castle upon Tyne. 

Mr I-A-G. Gillies. MBE, 
and Mrs S.P.W. Rattray 
Die engagement is announced 
! between Alien Gillies, of Gavar- 
nie, Dunkeid. son of tbe late Mr 
and Mrs J.E Gillies, and Shirley 
Rattray, of Telford Gardens, 

' Btrnam, daughter of the late - 
. Major and Mrs F.H. Read, of 
Easter Dunkeid, and Clitheroe. 

Mr PlMJD. Harris 
and Mbs EJ. Fairdoogh 
The engagement was announced 
m April 23 between Philip 
dark David Harris, The Royal 
legiment of Fusiliers, elder son 
if Mr and Mrs Lesley Harris, of 
Cemon. Middlesex, and Emma 
ane, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Jordon Fairclough, of Hatton 
/illage, Buckinghamshire. 

Mr D. Heathcote 
and Miss H. Danes 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Dale, only son of Mr 
and Mis S.P. Heathcote, of 
Bournemouth, and Hilary, 
daughter of Mrs B. Davies, of 
East Sheen. Both are resident in 
Hong Kong. 

MrCS. Hopkmsoa 
and Miss CA. Bennett 
Die engagement is announced 
between Christopher, son of the 
late Brigadier Hairy Hopkinson 
and of Mre Hopkinson, of 
Coopers. Woolstone, Oxford- 
shire, and Caroline Anne, eldest 
daughter of' Mr and Mrs A.M. 
Bennett, of. Little Coptrigh, 
Kingswood, Surrey. 

Mr M.G. Layer 
and Miss S-A. Webb 
The engagement is announced 
between Martin Geoffrey, youn- 
gest son of Mr and Mrs Henry 
Layer, of Brentwood. Essex, and 
Sally Anne, youngest daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Roger Webb, of 
Pet worth. Sussex. 

Mr A3. Motion 
and Mrs VJ. Hughes - 
Tbe. engagement is announced 
between Andrew, only son of Mr 
and Mrs Barrie Motion, of 
Roseinary Cottage, Upperton, 
Sussex, and Virginia, third 
daughter of Mil and Mrs Mi- 
chael McCrea. of Tweedbank. 
Kelso, Roxburghshire. 

Mr DJVLF. Tweeddate-Tye 
and Miss GJVL Bain* 

The engagement is announced 
between David Michael Francis, 
only son of Mr and Mis M.B. 
Tweed dale-Tye, of Stock. Essex, 
and Grace Margaret, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs A.E.T. Balne, of 
Woking, Suney. 


Mr T.A. Clarence-Smith 
and Miss SL Rees 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, April 12, at Chelsea 
Okl Church, of Mr Thomas 
Clarence-Smith, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs K. Clarence-Smith, 
of Neatishead, Norfolk, and 
Miss Stephanie Rees, daughter 
ofMrand Mis John M. Rees, of 
Carmarthen. DyfetL 
Mr PJL Clarence-Smith . 
and Mile N. MiscMer 
'The marriage took place on 
March 21, 1986, at Vanur, 
Tamil Nadu, India, of Mr Peter 
Clarence-Smith, second son of 
Mr and Mrs K. Clarence-Smith, 
of Neatishead, Norfolk, and 
Mile Nicole Mischler, younger 
daughter of M and Mme G. 
Mischler, of Riquewihr, Alsace, 

Dr A3. Johnson 
and Mbs SJ. CoDis 
The marriage took place on 
April 19 at St Edmund’s 
Cburcb, Maids Moreton, 
Buckinghamshire, of Dr An- 
drew Johnson, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs Peter Johnson, of. St 
Albans, and Miss Sally CoSis, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Gra- 
-ham CoDis, of Maids Moreton. 
Mr Mark Johnson was best 
rnan- A reception was held at the 
Marble HaU, Stowe. 

Mr MJ. Whitehall 
and Miss ILAJ. Isbister 
A service ofbiessing was beld on 
Saturday, April 12, ai the Parish 
Church of St John's, Wfthyham, 
Crowborough, after the mar- 
riage of Mr Michael Whitehall 
younger son of Mrs Nora White- 
hall and tbe late Mr J. White- 
hall and Mias Hilary Isbister 
(Hilary Gish), daughter of Mr 
and . Mrs William lshster. of 
Crowborough, Sussex.- Canon 
JA Taylor officiated. 

The bride was attended by 
Sarah Isbister, Sarah Williams, 
Samuel Isbister and Henry 
Relph. Mr Nigel Havers was 
best man. 

A reception was held at the 
borne of the bride, and the 
honeymoon will be spent 
abroad later in the year. 

Lincoln’s Inn 

Miss Mary Bell McMillan 
MacMurray. QC has been 
elected a Bencher of Lincoln's 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

rill soy unto God. Oo not co ntffffln mt: 
Mw me wMrtlOR Ummi canttnM 
wiiii n». 
loo IO 2 


(DREW - on April lorn. *986. al 
Wycombe General HospitaL-. to Kate 
i*fe McCauO and Tim. a dautfUer. 
aiariotu Katherine, a sister (or 

«tUUt -on April 22nd at Stamford 
J diversity Hospital USA «o Janet 
nee DrUflekU and Stfdar a daughter, 
lareda Louise, a sister for Jonathan. 
[ADD • To Linz and SoocOe. an 22nd 
t April at PemOuiv Hospital, a 
auphter Sophie EVetyn. 

HT - on April 24Uv at Harrogate 
fcneral. to Diana into Taylor} and 
tatnek. a oaugnter. a sister for 

VMS - On April the '31* to Hdtl 
nd John, a daughter Emma Camffle. 
seller for Hann ah. 

1 1 - On April 10th In West Berlin, 
o Anfl (nfe Legg) and Tim. a tough- 
tr. Tallulah Daisy Oem enttne . a 
ister for PoUyanna and Jorama. 
BOMS On APrt 1701 1986 at 
Mttswood HoapttaL Wwwsta^ to 
puwtte (nfe Gardner) and Charles, a 
on. Richard Grainger. 
nSCLL - On 22nd of April *986 at 
iarrosWe General Hospital. 
bi ant Jerepiy. a son Tristan 

me -On lOrnAPiU. at St Th omas’* 
lospltal. to Lucy Ktgso c SaoW 
lM Dam awn. MaUhew. a brother 

or Alexander- 

jlONV - On Aprs 21*. at Qqeen 
gartonrt HospuaL to CarotoeWe 
unonOyi aixt John, a daughter. 
Iieola Carmen. 

VM-Qn April 17m. |n London te 
aurtstonBer »d Sartu (^e V«*w« 

! daughter. Nyasa was bam. A atMo- 
nr Zita. 

m i m i i - On 1 6th April *986 to 
leur uife Roffdaiei ananetcher.a 
onWIUam Sydney- a for 

M Garden HowtWL » Emma (n£ 
Mrioni and Co»u a son James Al- 
SEr. a brtther for Victoria. 
IOMPSON - On April 23W to Maty 
see Gibbons) and Jeremy, a daugh- 
tr (Carottne Elizabeth) ■ *«er Tor 
snli Jane. _ 

iUCMAM - On ABrt 22nd ® PWUlpa 
SToaW and CSwriea. 

^tc* Carottoe) a awe r for Alice, 
nut . on AMU am. at Queoi 
aurtotte*. » AgmeuM 
Arabanska) and Richard, a son. Pe- 
H" Crispin John, a brother for Mary- 
kMUFF on April Z dth « ^ 
nlr^W' Hospital to Margmw tn*e 
rtWaiU and Ceo »rey. a daughter 
caie DiiabeUi Margaret. 


Goto ffowat 
(pw In Flecknoe. on 2 3rd APriL 

1986. aged 76. The Itinera! service 
win take place at Braunston Church, 
on Tuesday 29th April at 2-30 pm. 
followed oy (ntermenc Any eneui- 
rtes or if desired donations, to Dr 
Bamado* Home, or (towers to T. 
BodQy and Sons. Eventon. Daventry 
(032736) 619. 

MJtXER On April 21sL suonmtr 
and peacefully at home. Peter, broth- 
er of John and Anthony, much loved 
tether of Katharine and grandfather 
Of Mark. Funeral. Tuesday 29Ch 
April at 2.15pm at Christchurch. 
WiBaston. South With. 

BROWN - on April 23 *986 peacefully 
to a Nurstog Home. Janet Brown, 
aged 93 of Rdgale. widow of Leslie 
N. Brawn, formerly of the Indian 
OvU Service. Much tanned mother, 
grandmother and great grandmoth- 
er. Funeral on Tuesday April 29 at 
SI Marie's Church. Rcfgate 2.00pm. 
Flowers to suneman Funeral Direc- 
tors. Doran Court. RedhID. Surrey. 

CARR - Herbert RetfnUd CtfUng on 
April 23rd in Ms 90th year. Funeral 
Service on Tuesday April 29th at 
q noom ai Cheltenham Crematori- 
um. Donations, if desired, to 
Mountain Rescue (c/o Harry 
Worsdeu. 20 Heys Bank Road. 
Dtsley. Cheshire}. 

EVANS George Meredith on 22nd 
April at South Mead Hospital. Bris- 
tol dearly loved husband of Diana. 
Beloved father of Nicholas. Elizabeth. 
Timothy. Janie. Belinda and Ptppa. 
rather m-Law of Christopher. Sarah. 
Gerame and 'John, and Grandpa of 
Lucy. Nicholas. Katie. James. Han 
noh and Sam Funeral Service. St 
Mary Magdalen Church. Stoke Bish- 
op. Bristol Monday 28ih April. 
11.00 am. All enquiries lo Richard 
Davies and Sons. 301 Gloucester Rd. 
Bristol. 7. 

COUmOD . On Aprs 23rd 1986. 
Reginald T.M.d.e.8. CoktsnUd. for- 
merly Headmaster or Hooey School 
Westertiaia. Kent aged 82. Funeral 
3pm on Tuesday 29th of April, u St 
HUftards Church. HeaihflekL East 
Sussex. Flowers to R Jams High 
Street. Crow t nn -Hand. Heathfldd 

(VMS. Professor John Derek CAE.. 
MSC. Ph. a F-R-AgA of Sutton 
Bonington. Loughborough. Letcs_ at 
homo on April 22nd ader a short ID- 
ness, aged 63 yean. Husband of 
Janet proud father and grandfather. 
Funeral service at St Michael's 
Church. Sutton Bo n ington. 11 am 
Z8th April, followed by private cre- 
mation. Family (lowers only. 
Donations to The Imperial Cancer 
Research Fund, c/o Mavis Seeker. 
Dept, of AgriCdbn, University of 
Nottingham. School of Agriculture. 
Sutton Bonington. 

MANTON - on 20th April Carina 
iKlna). daughter of me lair Lionel 
and Beatrix Louise Mantsn. unffl re- 
cently of Little Q-ofL Token Green. 

On xTtfi April at Ty 
Otwen. Owen Eirenc. Beloved wife 
of Die Wa Mr J.T. Morgan of Swan- 
sea. Private FimeraL A Memorial 
Service win be heM at a taler date. 

(Maggie) on April 23rd afur a long 
Alness. Reouton mass 10am. 28th of 
April, at St Georges* Church. 
Sprawston Rd, Norwich. Burial af- 
terwards at Si Margarets Church. 
Church SL OM canon. Norwich. 

SMRH tPaHister) on Thursday 17th 
April suddenly and peacefully at 
home Doctor Anne Paflister lecturer 
In History at University of Reading 
beloved wife of Tony Smith and 
daughter of Monica and the late BtUy 
Pantster. Funeral service at Reading 
creraatortam at 11.30 am on Tues- 
day 29th April and memorial service 
at AU staints Church. East Cowton. 
near North ABerton at 3.00 pm on 
Sunday 4ih May. Family flowers 
©My. donatsont if desired to Lukemia 
R ese ar ch Fund. 43. Great Ormond 
Street. London. Enquires to CyriL H 
Lovegrave. 1I4/11&. Oxford Road 
Reading (0734)62016 

WOLFTENMOLME - On 21st of ApriL 
shortly after the toss of Ms dear wife 
Betty. Dr wmnm Hartley QBE 
MRCS LACP TO OHS. formerly Col- 
onel of Uie 7th Manchester General 
Hospital RAMC <TA> >11)0151040 Of 
AKtston*. Urmston: Medical Officer 
to William Hugh Holme's Grammar 
School. Manchester. Much loved fa- 
ther of Mark. Richard and Stephen, 
father-in law to Brenda. Christine 
and Nina. *Pon>a* lo Anna. Sara and 
Susie. Funeral Service at Altrincham 
Crematorium al 12.30pm on Thurs- 
day May 1st. Floral tributes and an 
enquiries to J.B. SmethiUs. of S Sta- 
tion Bridge. Urmston. Manchester. 
061748 2316,4770. 

WOOD - fti April 22 nd in Hospital. 
GwendoltRe Mary mto, aged 87 of 
Berkhamsied. formerly a teacher at 
Bafetumsied School. Funeral at 
Herts Crematorium, Watford 
m Tuesday. April 29th. at 11.16am. 
No nowets please. Enquiries to 
Hemjey Funeral Service Ltd, Park 
Road. Busbey. Tel; 01-960 7233. 


: SOWER a Thanks- 
giving Service for the life and 
ministry of Bishop George sinker 
win be. held in Birmingham Cathe- 
dral on Monday. May 8th at 12 
noon. AU welcome. 


honoured and vufefuf remembrance 
of an Ranks of the Mt Basabcm XX 
The Lancashire FWfflere, who gave 
thdr Uvcs for King and Country <u 
the Lancashire Landing. GttUpoS. on 
Sunday Dm 25th of April 1918. 

Thetr name ttveib for evermore*. 



to lovtng memory of Dorothy m, Tail 
who died on April 26th 1986 aged 
91. Greatly muse d by CyriL 




Royal romance which led to abdication 

The Duchess of Windsor, 
the American divorcee for 
love of whom King Edward 
Vm renounced his throne 
amid grave constitutional up- 
heaval and public consterna- 
tion, died at her home near 
Paris yesterday. She was 89 
and had been stricken with 
arthritis for some years. 

The former Mrs Wallis 
Simpson, whose name became 
a central preoccupation for 
both press and politicians 
during the King's tense 10- 
month occupation of the 
throne in 1936, was not cast in 
tbe mould of the tragic hero- 
ines of romance. 

She was smart and ekgant 
in the fashion of the times, 
rather than beautifiiL Already 
twice married, she was cosmo- 
politan and socially sophisti- 
cated, when she became 
acquainted with the Prince of 

She was intelligent and 
amusing, though her intelli- 
gence was ofa practical rather 
than a reflective land, if it is 
fair to judge from her pub- 
lished memoirs. 

Her modernity of outlook, 
which the Prince of Wales 
shared, was part of her attrac- 
tion for him. And that moder- 
nity included the belief that 
the emotions, once engaged, 
should not be ruled' by policy. 
Not for her Laertes's advice to 

This, coupled with the feet 
that her knowledge of England 
was largely confined to what 
was to be learnt at fashionable 
dinner tables, wifa her un- 
able to foresee tbe political 
and constitutional 

shockwaves of their intended 
marriage, which made the 
blow more cruel when it came. 

She was flattered by the 
royal favour and experienced 
the satisfactions of a socially 
ambitious woman. But their 
relationship became deeply 
and- exclusively personal . 
When the crisis came, she was 
prepared to make the break. 
He was not. In the long 
aftermath of official disap- 
proval royal slights, expatri- 
ate unemployment, and 
ebbing public curiosity, she 
behaved with fidelity and 
dignity. Publicly it may have 
been an unfortunate marriage, 
privately it was not 

An interesting interpreta- 
tion of the actions df the 
Duchess was put forward in 
her book. The Making- qf an 
Uncrowned King, by Lady 
Donaldson, part of which was 
serialized in The Sunday Tele- 
graph not long after the Duke 
qf Windsor^ death in 1971 

Lady Donaldson suggested 
that the Duchess,' a woman of 
strong and magnetic personal- 
ity, had latent taste and was 
immensely educable; the com- 
pleteness of tbe Duke's subju- 
gation was seen by every 
perceptive observer as the 
relationship developed; and 
that on tbe whole the Duchess 
should bear most of the 
responsibility for everything 
that followed because, quite 
simply, she was the stronger 
partner. - 

Lady Donaldson -further put 
forward the thesis that the 
Duchess did not deliberately 
ride exile but played for the 
highest stakes without under- 
standing the odds against her. 

Wallis Warfield was born at 
Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsyl- 
vania, on June 19, 1896. She 
was christened Bessie after her 

mother’s sister, Mrs Buchanan 
Merriman, and Wallis after 
her father, who died within a 
few months of her birth. Her 
mother, Alice Montague, was 
from Virginia, The Warfields 
claimed descent from Richard 
Warfield, of an En glish famil y 
which had settled in the state 
of Maryland in 1662 on lands 
granted by King Charles IL 

A large part in Wallis 
Warfield's upbringing . was 
played by her bachelor unde, 
Solomon Davies Warfield, a 
wealthy businessman who was 
president of the Continental 
Trust Company. “For a lot® 
and impressionable period he 
was the nearest thing to a 
father in my uncertain world, 
but an odd kind of father: 
reserved, unbending, silent” 
Her mother was left with little 
money and without the re- 
sources to establish a perma- 
nent home. She married again 
while Wallis was still a 

In the winter of 1915, when 
visiting a cousin at Pensacola, 
Florida, she met, and soon 
afterwards married, a young 
naval officer. Lieutenant Earl 
Winfield Spencer, jtnj. Tbe 
marriage was not a success. “I 
was to become aware”, she 
wrote later, “before our brief 
honeymoon was finished that 
the bottle was seldom from 
my husband's thoughts or his 

After several estrangements 
and reconciliations, she re- 
joined her husband in China, 
where be was posted. But she 
parted from him again, leav- 
ing Peking in 1925, and was 
granted a divorce two years 
later. Spencer, who was four 
times married, died in 1950. 

While waiting for her di- 
vorce and- engaging lightly in 
the fashion trade and similar 
occupations, she met Ernest 
Simpson. The son of an 
English i mm igrant to. the. 
United States, he was born in 
New York, educated in En- 
gland and at Harvard and 
married to an American, from 
whom he too was in the 
process of being divorced. 

He had served in tbe 
Coldstream Guards in 1918 
and was a British subject; they 
were married in Chelsea in 
July, 1928. They lived in 
London, and tbe marriage 
went well for a time. In 1931 
she was presented at Court 

Mrs Simpson’s first meeting 
with the Prince of Wales was 
intheautumn of&ttOraoooni- 
ing to her memoirs (1931 
according to his), at a country 
house party given by Lady 
Furness at .Borough . Court 
neanMdion Mowbray:- , - • 

lrrJanuary, i932, while still 
only slightly, acquainted with 
the Prince, the Simpsons were 
invited to Fort Belvedere, the 
Prince's home near Virginia 
Water, where be was able to 
enjoy as nowhere else a pri- 
vate life of his own (“those 
damn weekends, I suppose”, 
in tbe words ofhis father). The 
visit was. a success, and the 
Simpsons became regular and 
frequent guests at the fort 

In August, I934 v Mre Simp- 
son was invited to join the 
Prince of Wales’s . party al 
Biarritz. Ernest Simpson was 
away on business and she was 
accompanied by her aunt, Mrs 

A cruise in Lord Moyne's 
yacht, the Rosaum , was part 
of the holiday. “Perhaps”, she 
later recorded, “it was during 

these evenings off the Spanish 
coast that we crossed the line 
that marks the indefinable 
boundary between friendship 
and love.” 

During the next years her 
relations with tbe Prince of 
Wales ripened while those 
with her husband cooled. Er- 
nest Simpson did not stand in 
the way of his wife's growing 

V,i. ■■ 

ly opposed. Only a quixotic 
and strangely assorted “King’s 
Party’ 1 which included Win- 
ston Churchill, George Ber- 
nard Shaw and Sir Oswald 
Mosley, rallied romantically 
to the defence of the love- 
stricken monarch. 

. The British press, on De- 
cember 3, ax last broke silence 
with news of a “grave consti- 

intimacy with the Prince, and 
he himself remarried five 
months after that marriage 
was dissolved in May, 1937. 

When as Prince of Wales he 
was proclaimed King in 1936, 
Mrs Simpson stood beside 
him, and tor name and that of 
her husband appeared in the 
Court Circular among the 
guests invited to the Royal 
Derby Day dinner party and 
also among the guests at a 
bouse party to meet tbe King 
at Blenheim Palace in June. 

It was soon afterwards that 
she separated from her hus- 
band and thenceforward she 
was, almost without interrup- 
tion, in the Kingfs company. 
She was in his party on his 
cruise down the Dalmatian 
coast in August and after- 
wards stayed with him at 
Balmoral where she met the 
other members of tbe royal 

The story was still kept out 
of the English papers, but the 
..American and continental 
i press was bythis time fufl of it 
.. : It was becommgincreasing- 
: ly obvious to all jn authority 
that things were moving to a 
icrisis. On. October- 27sh§was 
granted a decree nisi , in an 
. undefended, .suit at Ipswich. 
• By taking the case at a small 
provincial court it was hoped 
that publicity would be avoid- 
ed but, as so often happens, 
_ such a divorce rather tended 
to arouse interest than the 
reverse; “King’s Moll Reno-ed 
in Wolsey’s Home Town”, as 
one American newspaper 
headline • shrieked 

On November 13 the King 
told his Prime Minister, Stan- 
. ley Baldwin, that it was his 
intention to many the woman 
he loved, and that if he could 
. not do so and . remain mon- 
arch. he was “prepared to go ” 
For a while be clung to the 
hope that a morganatic mar- 
riage might provide an escape 
route out of the crisis. 

But the government, with 
Labour support, was resolute- 

tutional crisis.” The following 
day Baldwin made a state- 
ment to a packed House of 
Commons in which, he staled 
unequivocally: “There is no 
such thing as what is known as 
a morganatic marriage known 
to our law.” 

It was now dear that the 
King's static choice was be- 
tween the crown or marriage 
to Mrs Simpson. He chose the 
latter, and oh December 11, 

1936, he abdicated. 

Mrs Simpson herself had 
gone abroad to Cannes and 
issued through Lord 
Brownlow a statement to the 
press of her willingness “to 
withdraw forthwith from a 
situation that has been ren- 
dered both unhappy and 

The King bore witness that 
throughout she never wavered 
in her expression of a willing- 
ness to e liminate herself if that 
should appear desirable. “The 
other person concerned has 
tried up to th e last to persuade 
"me tbtakea different "course”, 
sakt Edward YH1 in his fem- 
oos abdication broadcast—:. 

; ' Mrs Stinpsoii spent the next 
- months at Cannes while the 
Duke of Windsor was in 
Austria. .Her 'divorce was 
made absolute on May 3, 

1937, and the Chateau de 
Cande having been made 
available to them by Charles 
Bedaux. they were married 
there on June 3. A marriage 
service was conducted by the 
Rev R. A. Jardine, Vicar of St 
Paul's. Darlington, who vol- 
unteered his services without 
episcopal sanction. The hon- 
eymoon - was spent in 

They were at first undecided 
on where to live: France orthe 
United States? Town or coun- 
try? Neither spoke French 
well, but they derided to 
remain there and took a lease 
on a bouse at Versailles and 
another on the villa La CroS, 
on the Riviera. As the Ger- 

mans occupied France m 
1940, they crossed the border 
to Spain and from there to 
Lisbon. “ ' ; 

The war years were spent tn 
Government House m the 
Bahamas- They returned top( 
Paris after tbe war ana in 195 j 
took a long lease on a horar in 
the Bois de Boulogne. They 
also had a country home in a 
converted mill at Gifsur- 
Yvette in the valley of the 
Chevreuse. There they contin- 
ued to live; travelling quite 
frequently in Europe and the 
United States. The Duchess of 
Windsor’s visits to Eraland 
woe private, short and few. 

The style of “Royal 
Highness”, though accorded 
to the Duke of Windsor, was 
not extended to the Duchess. 
She was not particularly dis- 
tressed by this slight, except, 
insofar as it mortified thaw’ 
Duke. The icy disapproval 
with which Queen Mary re- 
garded his wife, and the 
refusal ofhis brother the King 
to receive her, hurt him 

When they were in Spain 
after the German occupation 
of France, the Duke of Wind- 
sor was anxiously communi- 
cating with Churchill with a 
view to finding active employ- 
ment in the war. Churchill 
wanted hint to return to 
England, but the Duke madeit 
a condition that his wife 
should be property recognized 
and received. Unable to ob - 1 
tain assurances on this point * 
from Buckingham Palace, and 
unable to persuade the Duke 
to withdraw his condition. 
Church in invited him to as- 
sume the governorship of the 

Tbe continuing frigidity of 
the Court remained an obstar 
de to the Windsors’ return to 
England and to taking any part 
in the duties of royalty. The 
Duchess was never received 
by King Georgs VL Queen 
Elizabeth II met her privately 
in 1965 when they both visited 
the Duke in the London 
Clinic. ' 

Two years later the Duke 
and Duchess were invited to 
attend the unveiling of ajf 
memorial plaque to Queen 
Mary at Marlborowh House. 

It was more a family than an 
official occasion, according to 
a guarded comment from the 
Palace. But it was the first 
meeting between the Queen 
and the .Duke and Duchess in 
■puMic.‘T : 

They met again in spiihgpf 
1972 when tile Queen and the 
Duke of Edinburgh called on 
the Windsors during a visit to 
France. It was a poignant 
occasion, for tbe Duke was by 
now gravely fll and died soon 
afterwards, in that same year. 
Hie Duchess came to England 
for the fiiseraL staying at 
Buckingham Palace at the 
invitation of the Queen. ^ 

In the years that followed 
her husband's death the Duch- 
ess suffered progressively 
from arthritis and in the late 
1970s became increasingly 
bedridden. In her frail condi- 
tion the continuing flow of 
publications and television 
documentaries about her ro- 
mance deeply upset her and in 
1982 she had authorised a 
biography. The Duke of 
Windsor's War , in an attempt 
to set the record straight 


Popular and prolific run-scorer for England 

Bill Edrich, the popular and 
talented Test all-rounder and 
one of England's most prolific 
run-scorers, died yesterday at 
the age of 70. > 

He was a resilient little man,, 
foil of energy and grit, with a 
flair for playing games. As a 
batsman he was one of the best 
among his contemporaries 
and in his early days he was 
also a professional footballer 
of more than passing ability. 

William John Edrich was 
born at Lingwood, Norfolk, 
on March 26, 1916. He came 
of a well-known cricketing 
family, of whom three other 
brothers played first-class 
cricket. There was, at the lime, 
an eleven of Edricbes capable 
of bolding their own in good 

In 1937, his first regular 
season in first-class cricket, he 
scored over 2,000 runs, and 
that winter he was the most 
consistent batsman with Lord 
Tennyson's team in India. 

He began the 1938 season 
by becoming only the sixth 
batsman ever to score 1,000 
nuts before the end of May, 
and when England's team was 
chosen - to meet Australia, 
Edrich was an automatic 

His introduction to Test. 
cricket had been lined with 
success. His association with 
Denis Compton in tbe Mid- 
dlesex side was already being 
compared to that of Hearne 
and Hendren of an earlier 

And yet, in spite of all this, 
his early appearances for En- 
gland brought notiling but 
failure. In four Test Matches 
against Australia in 1938 he 
made only 67 runs in six 


A service cricket match 
ga ve him his chance. He met a 
wipg commander who was a 
keen follower of the game, and 
■ Edrich had his wish. He was 
commissioned in December, 
1940, gaining promotion sev- 
en months, later from flight 
lieutenant to acting squadron 

On August 12, 1941, while 
serving with No 21 Squadron, 
he took part in a daylight 
attack by Blenheim bombers 
on the great power stations 
near Cologne. Tbe mission 

Going to Australia for the 
first time in 1946-47, he was 
England's highest scorer in the 
Test Matches, and at home 
during the glorious summer of 
1947 he and Compton broke 
one batting record after 
another. . 

Compton had undispuiable 
genius; Edrich was born with a 
talent which he turned into 
riches. Compton communi- 
cated a sense of youthful 
enjoyment to the crowd; 
Edrich set them talking ofhis 
concentration or his old-fash- 
ioned pulls, of a vicious book 
ora delicate cut 

Together in 1947, whether 
for Middlesex or England, the 
“Middlesex twins”, as they 
were known, were a terrible 
pair to tackle. In the Test 
Matches, Edrich averaged 1 10 
and Compton 94. And into the 
bargain Edrich opened 
England's bowling, taking 16 
wickets in four Test Matches, 
which was more than any 
other bowler except Wright 

He had reached his peak in 
1947, although from 1949 
onwards he played a further 
14 times for England. When 
he settled in he was as 
powerful a hitter as even but 
the golden days were over. 

Against New Zealand in 

1949 he was one of six 
Englishmen to average over 
50 in the Test Matches. In 

1950 he played an important 
innings of 71 in the First Test 
Match against the West 

He was dropped after the 
Second Test Match of that 
series, and not until 1953, 
when England were searching 

at the Oval, regaining the 
Ashes for the first time in 21 
years, it was Edrich and 
Compton who were batting 
when tbe winning hit was 

Edrich 's comeback culmi- 
nated in his going to Australia 
for a second time with 
Hutton's side in 1954-55, his 
first tour for eight years. Btit it 
was a tour on which be never 
found his form.' 

Edrich continued to play for 
as long as he felt he justifiably 
could. In 1947 he became an 
■ amateur and in 1951 and 1952 
he was joist captain of Mid- 
dlesex with Compton. This 
was an unsuccessful arrange- 
ment, and from 1953 until 
1957 Edrich had the captaincy 
to hims elf. 

In his first-dass career 
Edrich made 35,965 runs at an 
average of 42, and in spite of 

losing six seasons through the W 
War, he scored 86 centuries. 

He took 479 wickets, first as 
one of the fastest- bowlers in 
the country and later as ah off- 

In bis 39 Test Matches he 
scored 2,440 runs, including 
six centuries, and took 41 
wickets. He held 522 catches, 
which was more than any of 
his contemporaries. He shares 
with Compton the third wick- 
et record for England in Test 
cricket, set up when they made 
370 together against South 
Africa at Lord's in 1947. 

Such was his love for cricket 
that, after leaving Middlesex, # 
he played for his native coun- 
ty, Norfolk, from 1959 until 
1971, by when he was 55. For 
most of that time he captained 
them, never losing his ability 
to enthuse. 


At the outbreak of war 
Edrich enlisted in the RAF 
only to discover that he was 
jjusi too old to fly.- But hr 
wanted to be a pilot. 

earned him the Distinguished for determination and expen- 

Flying Cross. **" 

As a Test all-rounder, 

Edrich's best days were ahead 
of him. He became, with 
Compton and Hutton, one of 
the three' most prolific run- 
scorers in England. 

ence with which to counter the 
Australians, was he recalled. 

In the first two Test Match- 
es England's batting was pre- 
carious; for the last three, 
Edrich returned, mid when 
England won a famous victory 

Harold Aden, the composer 
of “Over the Rainbow* and 
many other ballad tunes from 
the 1930s and 1940s which 
have had enduring popularity, 
died on April 23 at his New 
York home. He was Bl. 

Bom Hyman Arluck in 
Buffalo, Aden was, hire many 
another light music composer 
before him, the son of a cantor 
at his local synagogue, and it 
was there that he made his 
own sin g in g debut, -Ctnnrfmg 
on a chair so that the congre- 
gation could see him. 

Later, dropping out of 
school as a teenager, be 
formed his own three-piece 
band, acting as pianist, lyrist 
and arranger. 

In 1929 he teamed up with 
the lyric writer Ted Koehler to 
write “Get Lucky” which- 
made a hit fortbem bdth.wfien 
■ supgby the slim, blonde Ruth 
Effing, m the Broadway show, 
9.15Re vue. . - 

The pair's "Stormy 
Weather” was also to have 
immense success and was 
followed by a string of hits 
which have become standards. 

Aden wrote the scores for 
many films including The 
Wizard of Oz, and it was 
"Over the Rainbow” - lyrist E. 
Y. Harfourg - from this movie; 
which was immortalised by 
Judy Garland -and became 
virtually adopted as an an- 
ihero of hope by a generation 
of children groping its way out 
of Depression. 

GariaraTs stage rendering of 
the song suggested a brief 
suspension ofawareness of the. 
impending tragedy of her own 
life, and it was the. one thisip 
die would never joke about 
“It's land of sacred. I don't 
want anybody anywhere to 
lose the thing they have 
abouL-that song.” 



■ ■; * -- 

y .i 

'V-* \*Dl£> 

iY APRIL 25 1986 




, r 5§£L scholar 

From Its start a month ago 
Cbtb Mix (Chuuet 4) Ins 
promised to be one of the rare 
instant successes is the wodd 
“of teferinoa e nter fa tmn wat. 
Over the past weeks lit has 
sustained, and even increased, 
the irresistible verve with 
'which it presents Hack and 
, black-influenced entertain- 
‘ mart cat together with social 
. and pofitkw comment In the 
styte originally adopted by the 

- rode series The Tube. 

Cbtb 3&x evidently defines 
“bhek” as predoBzdnant)y 
AhrorCaribbean, and the tenor 
of the show is of rap, venae 
-and anfi-cadsn. The pottf.of 

- undiscovered taint on which . 
it - is able to draw seems 

' bottomless. 

The programme titles no 
" over archive fihn of Harlem's 
Cotton Club, which sets the 
visual style of deliberately 
tawdry sophistication. The 

■ studio audience mostly wear 
suits or evening dresses, and 
are seated with champagne 

..glasses at elegant restaurant 
tables to watch the per fo rmers 
. on a' cabaret-size stage. This 
audience could never nee the 
; accusation levelled at their 
Tap of the Apt counterpart of 
' shuffling around the 

■ like the galley-slaves m Ben 
Bar. Their —hravinn and 
involvement contribute coarid- 

. erabiy to the show's appeal. 

I The overall level of exdto- 
i meat is heightened by very fast 
. editing, with caraways to die 
. andience of near suUmtinal 
length and iron discipline 
applied to die natural tend- 
ency of rap poets to saunter 
through their verse for several 
hoars longer than woaM be 
necessary to get their message 

This staccato-style app- 
eared to muerve last night’s 

- guest, the author James Bal- 
dwin," who seemed more accus- 
tomed to the discursive 
literary interview. Prompted 
by the interviewer Bar Bunt- 
igtoye, Baldwin contrive d to 
compress the message of his 
new book on the Alabama 
eftfld-mnrders into a brief 

% observation that tire black 
population of America have 
deduced from the Western 
powers* failure . to prmnote 
human rights in South Africa 
that die West’s setf-appofeted 
role as the tiuHzexs of other 
races Is a sham. This was an 
(mgflfn/y line aftbooght, audit 
sensed a pity to entertain 
guest of BaUwoft stature for 
so short a time. 

. Cbtb A£r is made for 
Channel 4 by London Week- ; 
aid Tetevisiou and is a natural 
development of that am- . 
pany's long-term commitment : 
to programmag far the 
capital's ethnic minorities. 
Were the series judged on its 
eatertainmeirt value done, it 
. would undoubtedly find a 
£ place on the main ITV art- 
work; however it seems likely 
that its political content will 
ensure tint it remains dasa- 

- fied to minority viewing. 

Celia Brayfield 

director’s triumph as 
'holar and visionary 

Caravaggio (15) 
Lumi&re • 

The Lightship (15) 
Odeon Haymarket 

Marie (15) 

ABC Shaftesbury 

Remo ' Unarmed 
and Dangerous (15) 
Odeon Leicester Square 

Crimewave (PG) 

Caitnon Panton Street 

1 For an artist whose films have until 
now been made on derisory bud- 
gets reached only a small art- 
house audience, Derek' Jarman’s 
prominent and controversial posi- 
tion in contemporary British cine- 
ma may seem surprising. As Alan 
Parker’s recent television docu- 
mentary on British films revealed, 
Jarman is anathema to the ascen- 
dant sector of the British cinema 
establishment — partly because of 
{usability to achieve so much with 
so little, but also for his fierce and 
articulate criticism. 

Channel 4's screenings of his 
work moreover were made the 
excuse for the Churchill obscenity 
ML Ironically this was inspired 
less by Sebastiane, an indulgent 
piece of homoerotica that is per- 
haps .Jarman’s least significant 
work, than by Jubilee* whose 
purposes were essentially, moralis- 
tic, a prediction (rather accurate) of 
the growth and sources of violence 
in contemporary British society. 
MPs were apparently shown select- 
ed excerpts, which may have 
misled them. The murder ofNancy 
or Shakespearian slaughter scenes 
isolated from their context might 
also attract a well-intentioned lob-, 
by to prohibit Dickens or the Bard. 

Catavaapo, as it happens, 
should offend no one; indeed, a 
more aggressive stance would have 
seemed appropriate both to its 
subject and to Jarman’s frustra- 
tions in making the film. He nursed 
die project through seven years, 
innumerable scripts and even more 
financial refusals before getting 
funding from the British FQm 
Institute Production Fund and 
Channel 4. The struggles and 
triumphs are recorded in a hand- 
some book of the film (Thames and 
Hudson, £9.95), an ingenious col- 
lage of script, images, creative 
reflections and a commentary of 
p a ss ag es from Caravaggio’s con- 

’The narrative of the film is 
constructed from the paintings.” In 
the' process of construction, 
Jarman combines scholar, painter 
and visionary. Exploring Cara- 
vaggio’s world ana pictures, he 
speculates on the people in the 
paintings (“he claimed that he 
imitated his models so closely that 
he never made a single brush- 
stroke that he called his own”, 
wrote Belloni) and finds in them 
the characters and dramas of 
Caravaggio's violent private life. 

The film is built around a series 
of tableaux showing Caravaggio at 
work on a number of major 
paintings It re-creates his studio, 
the hafedone pictures (deveriy 
reproduced by Christopher 
Hobbs), the posed models, the 
furnishings, the light, the concen- 
tration of the work. In the process, 
Jarman learns and conveys much 
about the painter’s technique — 
how for instance he always lit his 
compositions from the same side. 

With minimal resources, but 
with Caravaggio in command, 
Jarman and his young photogra- 
pher Gabriel Benstain create real 
spectacle — all done with a few 
flats, crimson curtains and depths 
of darkness like the painter’s own. 
The riches of Ordinal del Monte’s 
treasure-house are suggested by 
mysterious shapes under dust- 
shots which reveal no more than a 
monumental sculpted foot, a rich 
car pet and a golden bauble. Faces 
and bodies are part of the design: 
stage actors (Nigel Terry as Cara- 

vaggio, Sean Bean, Tilda Swinton, 
Mi ch ael Gough, Nigel Davenport) 
mingle with Caravaggio types 
found in the streets, some of them 
in the Isle of Dogs, where the film 
was shot in an old warehouse. 

Alongside, Jarman employs a 
system of anachronisms (costumes 
in Italian' Neo-Realist style, a 
typewriter, a calculator, modern 
street-noises and contemporary 
slang) whose purpose is not entirely 
apparent Perhaps the mild shock- 
effect was calculated to offset the 
static impression of the tableau 
structure and reflective scholar- 
ship. Jarman has wormed a con- 
ventional narrative out of the 
pictures, but it moves in fits and 
starts, and the dramatic denoue- 
ment, when it comes, is perversely 
thrown away. These are faults 
easily forgiven in an enterprise so 
original and in one of the most 
visually handsome of British films. 

Jerzy Skolimowsld's The Light- 
ship uses a novella by Siegried 
Lenz, Das Feuerschiff, for a varia- 
tion on the theme of Key Largo: an 
isolated group of men - the crew of 
a lightship rusting off the coast of 
Norfolk, Virginia — are menaced 
by a trio of pathological criminals 
on the run. (As a matter of record 
the film was actually shot off the 
island of Sylt, West Germany. 
Lightships are now virtually ex- 
tinct in the USA, though some 200 
were still in service in 1955, the 
time in which the action of the film 

At one level - the most success- 
ful — the film is an intriguing 
suspense thriller. The crew and the 
invaders weave through the laby- 
rinths of the old vessel spying, 
plotting, watching for a chance to 
strike. Violence explodes recur- 
rently, only to subside once more 
into the menacing qufet of waiting. 
Underlying this is Skotimowslri's 
effort to emulate the metaphorical 
content of the original Captain 
Miller and MrCaspiry, the dandi- 
fied leader of the gangsters, respec- 
tively personify good and evil; but, 
while Miller is permanently beset 
by conscience. Caspaiy justifies all 
his actions with perverse moralistic 

Caravaggio (Nigel Terry) with stigmata dearly indicated by Doubting Thomas 

There i 

are other parallels and 

contrasts. Miller has brought his 
young son aboard to get the boy out 
of trouble with the police, in much 
the same way as Caspaiy is offering 
parental protection to the psychot- 
ic brothers who make up his gang 
But while Miller's son (Michael 
Lyndon, the director's own son) 
bitterly resents his father, the crazy 
brothers are devoted and obedient 
“children”. It is engaging, but a 
degree of schematic! sm becomes 
more evident as each main charac- 
ter is allotted his confessional 

Klaus Maria Brandauer and 
Robert Duvall were apparently 
first intended to play Caspaiy and 
Miller respectively, but then 
Skolimowski decided to work 
against type and reversed the roles. 
The result is a lively duel between 
two larger-than-life actors, Bran- 
dauer bearing his load of guilt like a 

latter-day Emil Jannings and 
Duvall affecting a serpentine hiss 
and a complex of mannerism. 

Television specials have revived 
the taste for bicwjraphy. Marie tells 
the true story of Marie Ragghianti, 
who overcame a mass of misfor- 
tunes (battering husband, paraple- 
gic mother, chronically ailing 
child) to become first wo man 
chairperson of the Tennessee pa- 
role board; and then risked her life 
as well as her career to expose 
corruption in the administration. 
Serviceably directed by the New 
Zealander Roger Donaldson, the 
script provides an absorbing chron- 
icle, a lively court-room denoue- 
ment and a tailored role for Cissy 

Corruption within the top estab- 
lishment is a norm of American 
thrillers. Remo — Unarmed and 
Dangerous is about a tough little 

secret unit dedicated to exposing a 
senator whose crooked industrial 
operations could undermine the 
US war machine. Directed by Guy 
Hamilton, the film never makes up 
its mind whether it is James Bond 
tongue-in-cheek or Rambo vio- 
lence. pulp thriller or martial arts 
movie. As it is, its main attraction 
is a weird performance by a heavily 
disguised Joel Grey, as the antique 
oriental tutor of tough cop Fred 

Sam Raimi's Crimewave at least 
has a firm conviction that it means 
to be funny, though it only 
manages it in a throwaway line 
here and there. For the rest actors 
and plot are so hectically out of 
control that the film can only be 
cautiously recommended for the 
most uncritical under-sixes. 

David Robinson 


HMS Pinafore 

Old Vic 

Short of the forthcoming ex- 
. is hard to. imagine a more 
.British . spectacle than, this 
Dublin revival of Pinafore. 
With confident imperial oom- 
pahing proceeding from the 
pit, a freshly scrubbed chorus 
pours on to the freshly 
scrubbed deck, joining hands 
to mime the wild sea waves, 
reflecting every crisis in the 
lives of their betters in loyal 
unison, and high-kicking their 
way through the final anthem 
to English nationality. 

Redirected by Joe Dowling 
from Art O'Brian’s Gaiety 
Theatre original the produc- 
tion lull advantage of 
Ireland’s unspoilt attachment 

to the Victorian stage, and 
recognizes that mock-heroic 
jokes only work on the heroic 
scale. The best joke of the 
evening is still Gilbert’s own 
huge patriotic hymn (set as a 
“God is an Englishman” 
march) on behalf of a total 
nonentity with nothing to 
recommend him apart from 
his place of birth. But the 
Show is b rimming with new 
gags, some of which would 
have brought its creators out 
in a odd sweat, and none of 
which would have worked but 
for the stylistic accuracy and 
full-blooded scale of the 

Pinafore makes double 
mock of the pen-poshing top 
brass and die class-defying 
love-match. To this end, Mr 
Dowling brings on a lowly 
lover (William Relton) who 
proclaims his patrician origins 
with every turn of his lordly 
profile, and a Josephine (Mi- 


: : 


01 340 72001 

& mn r 

chelle Todd) who positively 
hamm ers him into the ground 
when he first makes his ad- 
vances from the lower deck. 
The main honours of the 
production, though, go to their 
matchmaking, sodajkdimbing 

Gaiety spectators- on the 
famous night when Alan 
Devlin, threw in the towd and 
walked off without singing 
“When I was a Lad” can now 
make up for their loss and see 
him not only tearing through 
that number but converting 
Sir Joseph Porter KGB into a 
grizzled flirt who cannot in- 
spect a ship's crew without 
goosing the front rank; and 
who gets into his courtship 
stride with mandolin sere- 
nades and adipose swoops 
from the rigging. 

His raunchy" nuptial dance 
{incorporating tap and leap- 
nog) is a conspicuous triumph 
of technique over physique, 
and also a great moment in his 
partnership with Paul Bent- 
ley’s Captain Corcoran. Mr 
Bentley’s ringing tenor is the 
best voice in a vocally good 
company, and be also uses h 
to spectacular comic effect in a 
performance of ramrod recti- 
tude and cut-glass vowels that 
push the figure of the true-blue 
British officer to an egregious 

There are also eye-catching 

erformances in Anita 


a KEN McMUlLEN him starring 



and John Kavanagh’s carbun- 
ded Dick Deadeye. 

Irving Wardle 



Philharmonic Hall, 
Liverpool/Radio 3 

Of all our orchestras that have 
to operate in the cold weather 
outside the BBC. none does 
more to encourage new British 
music than the Royal Liver- 
pool Philharmonic, which was 
one reason why it was so 
unjust that they should have 
been most at risk from the 
recent adjustments to local 
government. Happily the im- 
mediate future of the orches- 
tra and its hall now looks 
more secure, and long may 
they thrive while they offer 
programmes such as this. The 
idea of a St George's Day 
conceit might suggest a Last 
Night of the Proms out of 
season, but in Liverpool 
along with the Elgar-arranged 
National Anthem and Bel- 
shazzars Feast, it meant the 
first public performance of a 
half-hour work by Geoffrey 

Based in Manchester, where 
he teaches at the university, 
Poole is probably less well 
known than many of his 
southern colleagues, which is a 
pity, for his music has a naked 
honesty that compels respect. 
In the fierceness ofhis gestures 
and his disinclination to de- 
velop and connect he might 
suggest comparison with the 
young Penderecki, though 
with the viral difference that 

Z I H A 





Mon 28 Apr 7 JO TOSCA 


Thu I May 7.30 TOSCA 



VMsd 30 Apr 7.30 ROMEO AND JULIET 


his work is altogether more 
h uman and personal in tone: it 
offers a rare experience of 
direct encounter with a living 

This is certainly the case 
with Visions, which was writ- 
ten 10 years ago and shaped 
then by the disaffection, vio- 
lence and pessimism of that 
period of disintegrating 
dreams. Judged as a profes- 
sional composition, the work 
has little defence against 
charges of structural incoher- 
ence, weakness of orchestra- 
tion and limitation of idea, yet 
I can think of few other pieces 
that so accurately record what 
it was like to be alive in 1976, 
in that moral malaise that had 
its more extreme manifesta- 
tion in punk. 

At the same time, in this 
powerful performance under 
Richard Hickox, Visions re- 
minded one of the similarly 
titled p ainting s by Schoen- 
berg; technical skill may be 
manifestly lacking, but the 
work needs that lack in order 
to communicate as it does, 
with brutal frankness. There 
are three movements and, 
though each fells into several 
bits and pieces, there is a kind 
of emotional necessity to the 
opening pattern of frustrated 
expression (percussion crack- 
ing down on any expansive- 
ness), followed by a dance 
towards a barbaric march and 
then a jubiliation that imme- 
diately keeps stuttering to a 
halt and quickly turns sour. It 
might sound crazy to end a 
piece on this scale with a coda 
for trombone, tuba and per- 
cussion, quietly and repeti- 
tively muttering disgrunt- 
lement to one another, but 
that is just a single example of 
Poole’s candour. 

The RLPO. and the Melos 
Trust, are to be congratulated 
for bringing to light a piece so 
thoroughly unfashionable in 
its vivid intentions, yet so 
strikingly true to its age. 

It is so individual a work 
that it held its own alongside 
Delius’s Brigg Fair and even 
the Walton. The Delius was 
sentimentalized by Mr Hick- 
ox, but Belshazzar is blissfully 
immune to artack of that kind, 
and a thoroughly good time 
was had by all, including the 
members of the Liverpool 
Philharmonic Chorus and the 
soloist Stephen Roberts. 

Paul Griffiths 




Afghan and Gold Afghan. Bakuch KheiBms. Hamadam. Nam. 
Ispahan, two magnificent pure silk Hereke rugs, pure silk Qum. 
Agra. Jaipur. Bokhara. Islamabad, Bhadohi. Turkish. Caucasian, 
runners and saddle bags to mention a few examples (over 120 
pieces in alf). Plus an outstanding pure sSk Kaiseri carpet 


Pure sflk Hertz, pure silk Feregban, pure silk Tabriz, woollen 
Sarouk. wooden Motashem Keshan and semi-antique Ispahan. 


Sir William Russell Flint John Piper. Antoni Clave, a selection of 
19th century british and European paintings, modern day paintings 
and graphics. 


*********. ****■*»*»• 




- SALE - 


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▼ That did Katherine 
Hepburn say that made Anthony 
Hopkins change his life? 

Why doesn’t Britain have a 
world-class orchestra? 

Is the Bolshoi, due here in July, 
worth queuing a0 night for? 

These questions are answered in 
a very difrerent magazine launched 
this weekend. It’s the first to cover 
the arts and entertainment in colour 
every week. 

But that’s not all that makes it 

It’s elegant, but it’s also practical. 
From cover to cover, it’s easy to find 
your way around. 

Reviews of the latest plays, films, 
records and books reach clear con- 
clusions. The same goes for concerts, 
television, dance and art. 

Previews tell you about forth- 
coming events in plenty of time to 

And the full 
listings guide is 

This magazine JUgflgtor' 
is called Review. 

newsagents from . • f| 

April 25, price £1 

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The new arts and entertainment magazine 





age < 


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■ peel 

i : V‘j 

Prestel | 
hackers I , 
found b 
guilty | 

A computer hacker who | Pr 
broke into the Duke ol gg 

Edinburgh's secret computer || 
files was fined £750 yesterday || 
after being found guilty of 1 m 
forgery. 1 

Robert Schifreen. aged 22, a fj 

freelance computer journalist, m 

who used the name bug H 
hunter" was accused ofleav- 1 
ing messages on the duke s I 1 

^He claimed at Southwark 1 1 
Crown Court that he broke | 
into the files for the pleasure 1 
of seeing the welcome Good f 
afternoon ^HRH Duke of 

^Stephen Gold. hisc^defcn: I 
dant. was fined £600. Both 
were ordered to pay £1-000 

^Sentencing them. Judge 
Butler. QC said; “If you did 
not know it before, you now 
know your conduct was ennu- I 

nal conduct." . m 

He added: “Forgery is a 
very serious offence. It w°ujd , 
usually lead me to an immecu- j 
ate sentence of^pnsonment 
but I accept that the facts of 1 
this en s p are of an unusual | 

nature." . 1 

He gave a warning to other I 

would-be computer ™reem- 
saving: “I will not send either 
of vou to prison but that does 
not mean that anyone else 
who behaves in the fiiture i m 
the way you behaved ran hope 
the courts will take the same 
lenient view." . . I 

Earlier the court was told 
that Schifreen and Gold acci- 
dental ly obtained 
numbers for pnvate Pr^ei I 
computers when testing new 
computer equipment. 

Schifreen then found a list 
of every password allocated to 
subscribers when access codes 
to one of the pnvate comput- j 
ere were left lying around. 

Schifreen. of Edgwarebury 
Gardens, Edgware, • 

London, denied five charges 
of forgery between November 
l<)84 and February 198?. 

Gold, aged 30, an jKo j 
tant, of Wan Lane. Sheffield, 
denied four similar charges. 
The estimate for the total cost 
of services Gold obtained 
from British Telecom was said 
to be £379.61 

ttiuTFR FRTP tV APBTL 25 1986. 

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The Duchess wearing a lattice work ruby necklace, wilb ! 
Condoned from P®8e 1 

pieces has been seen by ^ Victar 5 flk she divided and 

British ro wlfei^r » ateftat were the prop*^ rf 

jewels is Princess MUa *L£ ^ Alexandra, 

<*•* ^ a "^rrrTT: l TTQ and MurOBe 1H 

^^Wtaondncedhis offered** 

SS“briife to the DocieKs»ho ^ Cnmii Jeoellff. ] 

£21 JBrME 

-sr "sxajg^ 

Abridge- She 

Michael som e Wfidoring his I ndcffl tom <f 

jewellCTyasawedd^prwen^ ^5.76 or at his coronation m 
The ieweflery given to the U1 

woman fee loved ^^though some oftbese jew- 

Windsor can be seen m the AJg &ame*reks. are m 
archives of ^ S^oom at Bocknjham 

which becaiK Woubors palace, the majority of the 
court jeweller. Downs £vS Indian gifts cannot }* 
set evening tags and ^"T The gossip surrounding Mrs 
trinkets, such as a tiger tor- ’fojeweb centred on her 

gnette, Rower clips and Sampson and flamboyant jtyle. 

ttssw a- 

existing pieces of jewdlerym enormous size, 

the Duke’s possessio^Tb* ca^e rf Windsor's 

feds reports that Edward yin ^ gp^o-the-moment 

tance from he ^me also from 

Queen Alexandra, after she Van Cleef and 

states io her Arpeb, oith "tx® ^ ^ 

flllK UU — ' 

Victoria, throngb 

£7 000 in Abdication 

collected cManrjjMjAj 
moods and favoared rabies in 

impost sett^s. - 

i» 1046 the Duchess ui 


were tovobed mu 


^ry made by 
Kurance assessors i^udes 
only one small 

The report. ^ 

£ 4 . 2 m repayment 

rw rnmxnoiuteiit. Brussels 

From Our Cones 

There was concern at the 
European Parliament yester- 
day that British political par- 
ties might have to repay up to 
£42 million. 

£42 million. rf Z tod “ green” 

The Europe^ Court of brought the case was 

justice has ruled that a *2475 objecting to the existem* 
million information fimd ^ Sf was comptom- 
up in the run-up 10J® ing at the way the moneyhad 

ondent, Brussels - Centhmed fr ® m f- ^ - ^presented' by V iwftav «f 

Parliament said they reaig* ly refused to confirm tnat u Htdland^and, Luxero- 

5 *— sssia^Ssss 

T^SS'S.'SS ssaast^?’ 

rera" Mr Hdwra Meese, ’ . In a formula deagaed to 

of the fund- It was 

idwelierv made oy me l«u«= up m xne ruu-up ino a t the way the money naa 

SSe^esirs inctades Ellropeaii election ' 

onlv one small emerald nng. The court spd the Parha- Iro nicaIly the “greaM m 
The reports persist that the jnent had no ri^it to set upa parliament may beamoug 

Uucbe^of Windsor “got away fund for dectoial camgn^- parties most sraioudy 

with" the royal hoTtage-TJe ing, because this vraettaime mbanBSSe dby the ruln«- 

fact is that Queen Mary s own 0 f the national goveroment& ^ money would almost 
taheritST of iewgay British Conservatives r^ ceASily havi to be pa^^ 
went directly oa ho- death m ceived approximmely &9 ^ national party fimds, 

1953 m her granddaughter, the million, while the Bntish La^ ^ ~greens*me among 

bour group Se^t^pped for cash. 

^ £12 million when the fund UI ^ ritish Consentatives 
Oneen Elizabeth, later the was shared out . ^ daimed they would be in the 

O^Motber, therefore ap^ Sma U sums woe irtso dg ^because they had sped 

Sued to have te»jewdta7 bureed to the SDP and ^ STmoney on a general mfor 

Knber forbears. Liberal ^Se^h^StSS mationcampmgn 

dear distinctian between J win any seals m the Mras- ^ ^ a Londoi 

jewels that are an maiiemiWe bourg Assembly. Conservative member, saw 

Eartof the royal heritage to be The court ruling <m Wed- dem 1 that anytium 

E^sed on from one monarch to nesday did not aipnlate ttat part of ai 

5bfS5xt, and tiiose which are the money would tave ml be ^JJJ^mpaignandnotfo 


went directly on 

19^3 to her granddaughter, me 
Queen, thus missing a genera- 

^Qoeen ninh efli. tot» fte 
(Wen Mother, ttarefore ap- 
Saued to have less jewdlery 
tMn her forbears. There is no 

The money 

certainly have to be patdfor 



daimed they wouldtei^ta 

dear because they had spent 
the money on a general infor- 
mation campaign - 
Mf' Peter Price, a London 
Conservative member, said 
“it is not dear that anyming 
we spent was part of an 
election campaign and not tor 

general information". 

Mr — - 

Attorney GeneraL ,and. Mr 
William Webster, 
the FBL were m The na&». 
throughout the , two-day 
meeting. ... . 

They did no^agmi^ 
fec sessions, bat neio muss 

partiapante, m»d *eir pres- 
ence was dearly felt. - 
In a meeting with Mr Hmd, 

Mr Meese proposed regoter 
American^uropean contact. 

and it was Mr H 11 ” 5 . 

conveyed the propo^ltot^ 
EEC There were reports mat 

. _ aaiI tran tnl* 

h a fonnnb d esiffled to 
ov er c o me Greek Teserv^^s, 
th^ m misters agreed.tO fatad-tf 
ax anti-crime co-c^etation to 
jnd ude not .mady America bat 
afco the 21 couimies .df-lini 
Council of Europe; nine of 
wfakh are not in; dye.- 'EEC. 

ymer couhiup omwlw.miqm 

may r dsb he twwqfltetia. ;• . 

The heart of - ^ .t iew jBa - 
chmerY.however,is. transat- 
lantic. fie conttmmiqufe said 
there'was' a need ftir a dHfr 
mod: strategy w* only ; : m 
terrorism but -also on ariittd 
robbery.7 driigsj > fifgms. 

^™“VS^Meese GiteoftW first fruits ottfee 

In the new, regular trmstt- ^ ^«r May. v. 7,7 ‘ 

lantic contact Europe wiRbe 

the times information service 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Duke of Edinburgh at‘ 
tends the annual meeting 01 tne 
Kfog George’s Fund for Sailors, 
Mansion House, EL 4. 

TlS Prince of Wales .visits 
‘Work, Sport and Leisure . 
Caister Holiday Snpereem 
Caister-on-Sea, near Great \ar 

m TteWi»KS5.ofWal«w™ 
the new extensions or tneUuj> 
tern Nursery Training College, 
Peppard Rd, Caversham, 1 '■ 
Process Anne attends the 
Soroptimist Interaanonal of 
Gloucester and Distort s dm- 

ner. Gloucester Cathedral 7.30. 

The Duke of Gloucester 
opens CoSIRA’s new light 
industrial offices, Bartlwe1 ^ 

Workshop. 10.45;. and taw 
opens the new Tomxst fofo™a- 
tiSn Centre. Oundle, North- 

Howden Group. Renfrew- Gtas- 
S,wl2.45; and later, Cotond of 
the Scots Guards, attends the 



d^i from Heathrow (South). 

Exhibitions in progress 
Memorabilia of Victorian, 


Studio. 73 Glebe Ptacu, SW3; 
Wed to Sat il to 7 20 (ends 

A Paintings by George Hooper; 
Odette Gilbert Mery, i Gmk 
Si, Wl; Mon to Fn 10 to 6, Sal 
10 to 1 (ends May 17)- 

Print ’86: prints by a wide 

range of British artgS Con- 
course Gallery, Barbican Cen- 

S? Ki hum » S* 10 3 P “ 

9.30, Sun 12 to 9.30 (ends May 

^Paperworks by Raul Ryan: 
Curwen Gallery, 4 Windmill St, 
Wl;TuestoFri 10to6. Sat 1 1 10 
4 (ends May 10). r 

Friends of the Uruversityof 
Bristol Theatre Collection; Be 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,029 


iiiiiii ainni 
SiiiBHB a ■■■»■■ 
rdBiB ■HumminJ 

Food prices 

The choice and quahry erf 
fresh fish available this week is 
very good. From Bil^sge 

the recommended quality feh 

^e tuna, haddock. Dover sote 

^ sqtnd. Prices vary arxmdmg 

to rraions but most shoppers 

willfoid codling 

smoked haddock and halibut a 

little cheaper. 

New season lamb prices arc 

chnulder no to £2 a lb- it is 


pr ^^bu^ t TescaNew Zea- 
land leg of lamb £ l-34alb,^ 

sa £ bi^£i a j«M^ss 

steak £1 J9 a lb and 
OZ) £1.99 eadr; Satestrary: 
whole shoulder of New Zraland 
lamb 68p a lb and whole frozen 


Births: Edward H 
1 307-27, Caernarvon, 1284; Do- 
ver Crtrawdl, Huntmgton, 
1559; Sir. Mark 

Braad. engineer and mvanraij 

gfMf Aotdican priest, a leader 
gftTTBbiil. Movemant, 
Fairford, Gloucestershire, 1 792, 
pets Dyich Tduukovsky, (new 
style May 7), Votldn^, Russel, 


A slow mow are* rf J* 
pressure wiB remam over the 
British Isles. 

'■•V '■ ‘lL- i ■ 

Bmaega iggHB 


I A vegetable many bolt (o). 

4 A couple of fools to take in a 
killer (8). 

10 Sharp character heading ri- 
ots in Wales (7V 

II Communications system 
providing job for trawlers' 

< T) - • . . u „ 

12 Club gets convict into neu- 
ish trouble 1 10k 

13 George depressed the 
carpenter (4). 

15 “What should they too w of 
— who only — toowT 
(Kipling) (7). 

17 Festivity held by one 
occupying the Siege Perilous 

19 Captain endlessly in- 

disposed eating nothing out 
this for pudding (7). 

21 Ruler reverts me to the 
fourth estate (7)- 

23 Oil installation adjacent to a 
port (4). 

24 Member about to .appear m 

total disarray in this move- 
ment (10). , , 

27 If he’s a PG he won t need 
grappling irons (7). 

28 Second senior officer to 

press for the whip (7). 

29 One treating a broken bone 
or a bit ot shrapnel ' lok 

30 Scene painted in Arizona — 
what a waste! (6). 

2 Making fim of a form of j 

knitting {7k I 

3 A pendulum fori ”Sf ua “ 
that radiates wavesvt 1 0). 

5 Sounds eager to support 

5 SaS^Tjuiriy 1 not this 
place of worship (9). 

6 Drink it up as the starter (4). 

7 Mascot somehow hard to 

put up with (7). _ r! i_, c 

8 like Andersen's emperor, or Top r tilDS 
man before the fall (5). 

9 Sound man for the post (4). ] 

14 Pulls a rope perhaps. That's 

good for any job (3-7). 

16 Mischief. ^ work of 
Meyerbeer s Robert? (9). 

18 Prcttv girl one's beginning 
to think deceitful (9). 

20 Queue for the end of 

Orwell's Napoleon (7). 

22 Muse by no means entirely 
a neuter" person (7). 

23 Puzzle about transport (5). 

25 Pound deducted from tent, 
so relax (4). 

26 Port notice in French (4). 

nil!' • OAiiliil! 

4) Fright Nitfit 


1 Discovery, though illusory, 
makes sense up in the trad- 
ing centre (5,4). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17, 028 




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RUDDkY: c. doiid; d, MeOk t, Mn (gi (bg: r, ratal's, «n.ww»i:t9ew"; 

I tm miTTJTi i fill j 

Commous (930): Obscene 
Publications (Protection of 
Children, Etc) (Amendment) 


vices ML second reading. 

Concise Crossword page 10 


5 ^ , fy- ' -■ 

.FRIDAY APRIL 25 1 9: 




- V 


• T-IS 


FT 30 Share 

1348.0 (-140) 


1615^H7J2) v 

USM (Datastream) 


US Dollar 
1-5350 (+0.009) 

W German mark 
3.3709 (+0.0317) 

Tratfe-weighted ' 

76.4 (+0^ 









Sohio in 
26% fall 

British Pctrofeum’s United 
States subsidiary, Sohio, has 
reported first-quarter earning 
for this year down by 26 per 
cent compared with the same 
period last year as a result of 
falling crude oil prices. 

The company yesterday re- 
ported earn ings of $208 m3* 
lion (£136 mnHon^l .08 per 
shareL with an ~ unchanged 
dividend of 70 cents per share. 
Operating income from oil 
production was $474 million, 
down from $768 milUon mthe 
same period in 1985, although 
retail prices at the petrol 
. stations fell less rapidly than 
worid erode prices and partly 
cushioned the impact of the 
oil price dump. 

. Sotrio, which is 53 per cent 
owned by BP is now being run 
a manaament team 

■ .new diamrum, 

Mr Robert Horton, mid: 03 
prices have dropped substan- 
tially and we expect significant 
volatility for the remainder of 
the year. As a result our first- 
quarter earnings may not be 
represe n tative of the eanux^s 
for subsequent quarters. 

Strike move 

The Norwegian Minister of 
Labour. Mr Ante Rettedal, 
called the parties in Norway’s 
offshore workers* dispute to a 
meeting yesterday after a last 
mediation effort failed. He 
was expected to tell them that 
the government was prepared 
to use mandatory arbitration 
to end the 19-day stoppage. 

Wimpey rise 

— George Wimpey, lbebnild- 
er, lifted profits from £38 J2 
million ro £46.9 mOtionbefbre 
axintfie yeas ib December 
31. Tunioyer was tip. fresh 
£1.52 bfllkm to £1.58 bfflion. 
The final dividend is 2-9p 
(2.4fik_. - 


Tip Top debut 

Tip top Drugstores is com- 
ing to the market with an offer 
for sale of £3.2 mflfion shares 
at 160p. This represents 28 per 
cent of the issued share capi- 
tal, -raining the company at 
£18.6 nqukm. Application 
lists open on May la 

Tempos, page 18 

Kfeinwort buy 

. Kfeinwort Benson, the bank 
advising Extd in its defence 
against the Demerger 
Corporation’s £170 million 
takeover bid, Iras bought 
460,000 Extd shares at 404p, 
about 1 per cent of the 
company. - 

Tempos, page 18 

Water choice 

J Henry Schroder Waggand 
Co, (he merchant bank, has 
been chosen to advise the 
Government cm plans for the 
privatization of water 

Details, page 18 

Hiram ‘deal’ 

- The chairman of ADied- 
Lyons, Sir Derrick Holden- 
Brown, said that Gulf 
Canada’s success in acquiring 
control of Hiram Walker Re- 
sources bad resolved but did 
not affect Alfred's binding 
contract to buy Hiram’s wine 
and spirit division for 
CanSlb bfllion (fObflHon). 

P&O bids £5 26m for OCL 
and Stock Conversion 

Sir Jeffrey Sterling's P&O 
group cam e up with a double- 
headed bid yesterday with a 
£377 million takeover offer for 
the Stock Conversion proper- 
ty company and the purchase 
for £149 milGonof 53 per cent 

of Overseas Containers Limit- . . „ 

ed (OCX) from Ocean Trans^ -Conversion's disclosed net as- 
and Tradine and British set value of 585p a share. 

However, Stock Convention 
said the 585p figure was not 

By Richard Lander 
ion. vahringtoe target at 720p comprehensive and promised 
i share. There is a rash a full independent valuation 


alternative of 676p. Stock 
Conversion closed 5p higher 
yesterday at 710p and P&O 
feD 4p w 536p. 

The offer is pitched at a 23 
per cent premium to Stock 


onweahh Shipping. 

While the OCL deal, which 
will make P&O the sole owner 
of the container shipping 
grou p, was made with the fhfl 
agreement of the two vendors, 
Stock Conversion rejected the 
P&O' bid as inadequate and 
unacceptable in form. 

However P&O already has 
an irrevocable acceptance for 
26.5 per cent of Stock 
Conversion's shares from 
Slockky, the ' fast-growing 
property firm set up less than 
three years ago which is 
backed by Mr Jacob 

P&O is offering four shares 
for every three Stock Coover- 

of . the company's 

Stock Conversion’s share 
price has climbed sharply over 
the last 12 months amid 
speculation over what would 
come of die unwelcome stake 
purchased for 60(b) a share a 
year ago by Stockley. Talks 
between the two companies 

Stockley’s £4m wait 

Stockley’s decision to wait 
until yesterday to sell its 
shares in Stock Conversion 
earned it an extra profit of at 
feast £4.4 huUmhl 
T he chief executive, Mr 
Michael Broke, c onfir med 
that had the shares been sold 
earlier abbot half of Stockley’s 
profits on the majority of its 
13i> rattfioa share stake wosld 
have been split with Mr Robin 

Mr Broke said Stockley had 
agreed, when it boogbt the 
J1.7 motion shares from Mr 
Clark’s companies 12 months 
ago for 600p a share, that 
disposal profits would be split 
equally if the bolding was sold 
within a year. The lapsing of 
the agreement will bring 
Stockley an extra £4.4 nrilliou 
if ft Calces Che 676p cash offer 
or £7 million if ft takes P&O 
shares at yesterday’s prices. 

discussed possible mergers or 
one firm talcing over the other, 
but ended fruitlessly last week. 

P&O, which has the option 
of retaining the shares pledged 
by Stockley even if the bid 
lapses, said it may also expand 
present joint ventures under- 
taken with Stockley if the offer 

In the other deal, P&O is 
paying Ocean £93 million cash 
for its 33 per cent stake in 
OCL while British & Com- 
monwealth is receiving £56 
million in shares and for 
its 20 per cent share in the 

In connected transactions. 
Ocean is buying P&O's 50 per 
cent stake in the jointly-owned 
Pan ocean Storage and Trans- 
port bulk liquid storage group 
while P&O is to place its 14.5 
million Ocean shares — a 13 
percent stake — in the market 
at I90p. Ocean shares dosed 
!5p lower at 189p while 
British & Commonwealth was 
unchanged at 346p_ 

Id shares drop 15p after 
first quarter disappoints 

By Alison Eadie 

Imperial Chemical 
Industries’ first guarter results 
disappointed the market yes- 
terday, causing a 15p fell in 
the company’s share price to 
914p. This contributed to the 
14 point fell of the FT30 share 
index to 1348. 

Pretax profits were £204 
million c ompai e d with £267 
million in the fits! quarter fegf 
year. The outcome was at the 
bottom end of the range of 
City expectations. 

The stockbroker de Zoete & 
Sevan has shaved back its 
estimate, of fiiH-year profits to 
£980 million. Previously it 
was forecasting £1 billion 

profits against £912 mill inn in 


Id, Whose chair man Sr 
John HarveyJones retires 
next April, was hit ; by foe 
weakness of the dollar, which 
held back growth sections like 
pharmaceuticals, and by poor 
y wpdtdmfertiliwK an n cal. 

Sir John HarveyJones: 

retiring next April 
After petroleum revenue 
tax, I Cl is estimated to have 
made barely any profit on its 
£164 mAlion oil turnover. 

The beneficial effect of the 
lower ofl mice, which com- 
bined with lower inflation and 
interest rales should lead to an 
upturn in demand, has not yet 

been felL In the short-term the 
lower oil price has caused 
losses on stocks and semi- 
finished goods estimated at 
about £10 million. 

Prices of petrochemicals 
and plastics were just about 
maintained in the first quar- 
ter, although there was some 
evidence of customers holding 
prices soon. 

IQ, -which has not always 
on' higher oil prices to 
its customers, is hoping to 
keep the benefits of lower 
prices now. The company’s 
performance over the rest of 
the year is very dependent on 
whether it can maintain prices 
against customer pressure. 

Exchange rates were less 
favourable than in the first 
quarter of last year, although 
compared with the fourth 
quarter the dollar was on 
average much the same and 
the mark was 10 per cent 
stronger, which helped ICTs 
competitive position. ■ 

Bunzl bids 
for Robert 

By Ora City Staff 

Bunzl, tire fest-growing pa- 
per and plastics group, has 
matte an agreed £26.7 million 
bid for Robert Moss, the 
manufacturer and distributin' 
of injection mouldings- 

Bunzl already has 36.6 per 
cent of Moss following irrevo- 
cable acceptances of 21.7 per 
cent from Moss directors and 
after baying 14.9 per cent in 
the market. 

BunzTs finance director, Mr 
Ken Anderson, said the acqui- 
sition would complement the 
business of Stewart Plastics, 
bought last October for £29.6 

The terms of the offer are 
five new Bunzl shares for 
every 22 Moss shares. There is 
a partial cadi or loan note 
alternative worth 138pa share 
for up to 40 per cent of the 
Moss shares. In addition there 
is a mix and match facility to 
receive more than 40 per cent 
in cash or loan notes, as long 
as not more than 40 percent or 
ah Moss shareholdings elect 
for this alternative. 

Robert Moss made taxable 
profits of £1.1 million in the 
hktf year to Se p tember 30. It 
faiteri last summer in its £5-5 
million bid for the Cole 
Group, another plastics 

Bunzl made taxable profits 
last year of £42.7 million, a 
rise of 54 per cent 



Now York 

Dow Jones lS2&S0t-1.1lj 


Nikkai Dow 15B82JJ5 (-S5£7) 

Kooa Kono: 

Hang Seng 182451 (+41.32) 

Amsterdam Gen 276J (-0.6) 

Sydney: AO - 12103 (+3.0) 

Frankfurt: _ 

Coovneretank — 221&22f-21.Q 

General ~ A 69iJ6(-op|) 

Paris: CAC : 4005 (+ft5) 


SKA General 524.70 (same) 



VWkams Hofcfings 640p(-55) 

Blue Ckde «Hp H 2» 

Stebe ®|P ™ 


STSSall 291pl-ig 

Grand UetropoGian — 370p pi 8) 

Reed International 862p -27) 

LCJ — ; (-15) 

SMt 750p (-1 B) 

Associated Hoat 

Standard Chartered — 802p - 1 ® 

Hambros ...-• — 250pM6> 

CabfeandWke S?0p/-20? 


London: NewVede 

£$13350 £.$1.5355 

£. DM3.3709 

£ SwFf2.8lS3 * tndax: 11*8 

£. FFr10.7450 

£ Yen25&65 ECU E09«9g3 

£Jnitoe7&4 SDR £1.17583 


Iwspear ' - 19OPH0 


Bank Base: fOSWn. - 

3-mortfi irwnw* lOS-iott* 
3-roomn tjfflsrt 

Prime Rate &50% 

Federal funds fiWv 

3-manth Treasure rate 

30-yev bonds izKn*** 


London Fbdng: 



Mm Yatk: 


Anglo United offers 
£42m for Burnett 

By Cliff Fettham 

A £42 million hid yesterday He said; *T think the banks 

provided a way out for luck- 
less shareholders in the trou- 
bled coal mining group, 
Burnett & Hallamshire 

The offer, which is subject 
to assurances about the state 
of the business, came from 
Anglo United Development, 
the opencast coal operator. 

The terms, worth 23p a 
share, give small shareholders 
a chance to sell out at the 
market price. The shares were 
22 Op a little over a year aga 
The attraction fra the banks, 
which own 75 per cent of the 
group, is that Anglo United is 
promising to repay immedi- 
ately the £20 million they are 
owed by ' Burnett & 

Anglo United is run by Mr 
David McEriain and Mr De- 
nis Bell, who sold coal busi- 
nesses to Burnett a few years 
ago. These are still doing well 
and Mr McEriain, aged 38, 
believes that combining the 
coal interests of the two 
groups will make more effi- 
cient use of plant and 

wifi want their £20 million 
back from Burnell as fast as 
possible and find our offer 

He added that he would sell 
off the rest of the Burnett 
group, which include United 
States coal and p rope rty inter- 
ests, 49 per cent of Rand 
London and a Northern Ire- 
land lignite project. 

Anglo United, which spe- 
cializes in identifying coal 
reserves and preparing them 
for active working, made prof- 
its of£3J25 million last year on 
sales of £17 million. 

Burnett & Hallamshire suf- 
fered from over ambitious 
expansion into unrelated ar- 
eas, and earlier this year 15 
banks took part in a rescue 
package, which involved the 
conversion of £63 million of 
debt into equity. Last year 
Burnett and Hallamshire dis- 
closed rationalization and 
write-off costs off 1 16 million. 

An analyst said: ”1 think the 
banks will be glad to take their 
money and run. They will be 
glad to see the back of the. 

£182m bid 
by Siebe 

■ By Teresa Poole 

Siebe, the fast-growing spe- 
cialist engineering and safety 
products group, yesterday 
launched its biggest takeover 
bid to date with a £1 82 million 
offer fra APV Holdings, which 
makes process plant equip- 
ment for the food and bever- 
age industry. 

After the announcement 
Sidie and its merchant bank 
adviser, Klein wort Benson, 
went into the market and 
bought 9.4 per cent of APV. 
They said it had been surpris- 
ingly easy to pick up the 
shares, and they are expected 
to continue buying up to the 
permitted 14.9 per cent level 
Mr Barrie Stephens, chief 
executive of Siebe, described 
the bid as a “magical 
marriage" for both compa- 
nies. The APV board said it 
was unacceptable in amount, 
in form and in substance, and 
told shareholders to reject the 
terms. The APV board said 
there was no attraction in 
being another member of yet 
another conglomerate. 

The all-paper offer is 23 
convertible preference shares 
in Siebe fra every four APV, 
valuing APV at 575p per 
share. APV gained 206p to 

Mr Stephens said that 
Siebe’s engineering capabili- 
ties were rar in advance of 
those of APV and that there 
would be benefits to both 
companies by putting together 
Siebe’s expertise in the filtra- 
tion of gases and liquids with 
APV's heat transfer and refrig- 
eration capabilities. Siebe al- 
ready supplies APV with £1 
million a year of synthetic 
gaskets fra its heat exchange 

Earlier this month APV 
announced doubled profits of 

£15 million for 1985 after a 
rationalization programme 
undertaken the previous year, 
when profits collapsed by £10 

Over the past five years 
Siebe has spent more than 
£160 million on successful 

Less than a year ago Siebe 
doubled its share capital 
through a rights issue to 
finance the £78 million 
aquisition of CompAir, the 
industrial compressors divi- 
sion of IC Gas. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Sterling cuts knots to 
clear the decks 

Sir Jeffrey Sterling has chosen his 
lime carefully to cut two complex 
knots — and draw the threads 
together to make an even more 
formidable group. 

Three-way ownership of OCL 
stems from its formation in 1965. The 
chain of share stakes that starts with 
P & 0*s holding in European Ferries, 
and ran through Ferries’ stake in the 
dynamic property company Stockley 
to Stockley's long-expected takeover 
bid for Stock Conversion is of more 
recent and more accidental 

By dealing with both these complex 
situations simultaneously. Sir Jeffrey 
has resolved two problems for 
P&O, provided the bid for Stock 
Conversion goes through. 

In the first place P&O shares had 
risen far ahead of their asset value. 
Buying the legacy of Joe Levy and 
Robert Clark boosts P&0 asset 
value by 40-50p per share on an 
updated valuation (say 80Gp per 
share) for Stock Conversion. 

At the same rime, the scheme gives 
P & O a fine mature portfolio to put 
its managers to work on themselves 
or through an existing joint venture 
company with Stockley, whose Stuart 
Lipton is an old associate of Sir 
Jeffrey’s from the early days. 

Consolidating the whole of OCL 
instead of just 47per cent will not 
exactly get round die expected prob- 
lem that the container line’s profits 
are set to fall from £70 million to 
nearer £S0 million this year. It will, 
nonethless boost P & O’s earnings 
per share enough to counteract any 
dilution from rite Stock Conversion 
deal, partly through reducing OCL’s 
tax charge. 

The whole is a classic Sterling deal, 
simuitanenously improving its fi- 
nances, giving the group a better 
looking profile of solid sectors and 
confirming its reputation for aggres- 
sive financial and management ac- 
tion. So, despite the prospective issue 
of so much P&O stock, P&O 
shares rose sharply, for the £526 
million package is likely to make 
P&O even more of a core 
shareholding forbig institutions. 

The bid battle for Stock Conver- 
sion is only just joined but the victim 
does not look to have much hope of 
escapeexcept through finding a higher 
competing bid. This is certainly 
possible but not so easy when the two 
main competitors have effectively 
pooled their resources . 

Miraculously, all concerned seem 
satisfied with the price of P & O’s 
take out of OCL. Admittedly, Sir 
Jeffrey had prepared the negotiations 
with something of a half-Nelson on 
Ocean Transport in the form of a 1 3 
percent stake, dispersed as part of the 
deal. Even so. the £270 million 
valuation is almost exactly midway 
in the range of City estimates. 

Independence was clearly im- 
portant for Ocean chairman Bill 
Menzies-Wilson who is due to retire 
at the end of this year after complet- 
ing with this deal the essence of his 
three-year strategy to bring the centre 
of Ocean's operations ashore. OCL 
yielded only 4 per cent cash to Ocean 
even though it loomed so large in its 
published profits. Mr Menzies-Wil- 
son is quite clear that he does not in- 
tend to put the £93 million in the 
bank for long. “I would be surprised 
if Ocean does not look different in 1 2 
months' time .” Improving financial 
strength gives Ocean the muscle to 
move forward after the depredations 
of the shipping slump. The fall in its 
share price yesterday can be put down 
purely to the placing of P & O's stake 
and the removal of the most immedi- 
ate takeover threat. 

It would, however, be foolish to 
ignore the minor partner in 
yesterday’s sort out. British & 
Commonwealth Shipping now has 
only one ship and that may not last 
much longer than the word shipping 
in its name. The Cayzer family group 
has garnered another £56 million in 
cash and P&O shares to add to the 
£108 million from its stake in Exco. 
That money will go into financial 
services and seedcom for new en- 
trepreneurs. John Gunn is only the 
most visible of a young new board- 
room generation who can be expected 
to generate plenty of venture over the 
next year or so. 

Pension risk and reward 

Bull markets in shares around the 
world and high but falling interest 
rates have made it easier than ever 
before for pension fund managers to 
give their customers value for their 
contributions.The latest pension 
fund survey from WM Computer 
Services, details of which were re- 
ported on this page yesterday, shows 
that, on the whole, the managers 
scored well on a good, easy-paced 

The funds covered, accounting for 
two- thirds of British pension fund 
assets, last year managed an average 
return of 14.4 per cent — a real return 
of 8.7 per cent after netting out 
inflation. British equities performed 
best with returns of almost 20 per 
cent, and many managers deserve 
praise for getting in early on the 
boom in European stock exchanges. 
Overseas equities became the second 
biggest investment category, ahead of 
property and gilt-edged stocks. 

As opponents of overseas invest- 
ment would point out. pensioners 
would have fared better last year if 
the funds had kept their money on 
the London Stock Exchange. But that 
would have been a mistake, for while 
funds need to perform as well as they 
can at the margin, good investment 
requires managers to spread the risk 
and to make sound strategic de- 
cisions (such as investing on the 
continent last year). 

Considering these basic roles, the 
spread of performance remains 
astonishing. Among the thousand 
odd funds analysed by WM, total 
returns ranged from almost 50 per 
cent in one or two cases to minus 4.6 
per cent in the case of one unfortu- 
nate fund that put too much money 
into North American venture capital 
projects. The fate of UK Provident 
showed that, if you are clever enough, 
you can lose money even in today’s 

Indeed .trustees might be as wor- 
ried about the funds that returned 
almost 50 per cent as the one that lost 
money. Spreading risk means accept- 
ing that while individual sections of 
a fund portfolio should be pushed to 
perform well, funds as a whole should 
not go for glory. UK Provident 
demonstrated the danger that pen- 
sion fond managers may be tempted 
to go for broke when competition for 
personal pensions is as cut-throat as it 
has now become. 

There is also a danger in easy 
times. In the first three months of the 
year funds have been able to earn 
returns of 15 per cent. Some of the 
wise, if not smart, money is. however, 
now going into fixed interest stocks 
and even index-linked gilt-edged, 
which was a big drag on the 
performance of some major funds 
last year. 

N Sea ‘jacket’ to provide 950 jobs 

Contracts worth £52 million 
and providing an estimated 
950 jobs have been placed in 
Scotland by the Shell Esso 
partnership which operates in 
the North Sea. David Young, 
Energy Correspondent, writes. 

The steel jacket for the 
proposed Tern oilfield is to be 
built by the RGC yard at 
Methii in Fife. Work, to start 
next month, wifi provide an 

estimated 500 jobs at the yard 
and a further 450 in other 
companies supplying materi- 
als and equipment. A total of 
£220 million worth of orders 
have now been placed for the 
Tern project, 95 per cent of the 
value being placed in Britain. 

British Steel has won £14 
million worth of orders 

Mr Brian Lavers, technical 
director of Shell UK Explora- 

tion and Production, said: 
“Since we announced our 
intention to develop Tern in 
February 1 985 we have seen a 
sharp drop in crude oil 

However, the development 
of Tern was far advanced and 
would continue, but the situa- 
tion underlined the crucial 
importance of rigorous cost- 

Westbury to 
join market 

Westbury. the biggest pri- 
vaidy-owned house builder, is 
to join the stock market The 
prospectus will appear on 
April 30. 

The company, which sold 
1,700 houses in the year to 
February 28, 1985. is likely 10 
be valued at £40 million. Up 
to £16 million is being raised. 

G5’ call 

From Bailey Morris 

The. US Secretary of State, 
MrGeorge Shultz, said yester- 
day that the United States 
wants Italy and Canada to join 
the Group of Five industrial- 
ized nations, which sets the 
tone of global economic poli- 

Britain had opposed expan- 
sion of Group of Five nations 
on grounds that too many 
players in the difficult game of 
managing interest rates and 
currencies could make the 
process unwieldy. 

But on the eve of the Tokyo 

economic summit, Mr Shultz 
s aid the US intends to keep. ,ts 
promise to the Canadian 
Prime Minister, Mr Brian 
Mulroney, to expand the ex- 
clusive group when heads of 
government meet in Japan 
next week.* 

British petrochemical firms 
fined for fixing prices 

Tbe European Commission 
has fined a group of petro- 
chemical companies, including 
Britain’s ICI and Shell Inter- 
national Chemical Company, 
a total of £35 million for 
running an illegal price carteL 

The EEC fine was imposed 
because a group of 15 compa- 
nies from around Enrope were 
fixing tbe price of the thermo- 
plastic product polypropylene. 

The material is used in a 

wide range of products includ- 
ing packaging film and tape, 
rope, clothing, automotive 
parts, household goods and 
other consumer articles. It can 
also substitute for wood and 
other raw materials. 

The fine is the biggest ever 
imposed by the Brussels Com- 
mission, although officials 
said tbe sum was relatively 
small In terms of tire turnover 

of the polypropylene sector. 

It will cost 1C1 £6 .2 million 
and Shell £5.6 million. But 
European companies such as 
Montepolimeri of Italy, 
Hoechst and BASF of Germa- 
ny and the Belgian group 
Solvay are also involved. 

Tbe fines are the culmina- 
tion of Commission investiga- 
tions dating back to 1983 when 
surprise raids carried out at 
company headquarters uncov- 
ered restrictive practices or- 
chestrated by the 
polypropylene producers at 
regular meetings. 

When the European au- 
thorities discovered the deal 
between the manufacturers to 
rig tbe polypropylene market 
they also unearthed evidence 
that the ‘’big four”, ICI, Shell, 
Hoechst and Montepolimeri — 
which accounted for 50 per 

cent of tbe market — were 
directing tbe arrangements to 
fix tbe £930 million market 

Bat EEC officials admitted 
in Brussels yesterday they had 
been unaware of toe cartel 
before 1983, even though it 
had been operating since 1977. 

An official statement issued 
yesterday said: “Distorting 
the selling price of such a key- 
product is harmful to thou- 
sands of industrial users of 
polypropylene within the 
Common Market." 

And in unveiling the move 
against tbe companies, Mr 
Peter Sutherland, the Europe- 
an Commissioner with respon- 
sibility for competition, said 
tbe Commission had on sever- 
al occasions warned of its 
intention to impose fines large 
enough to deter serious viola- 
tions of EEC rales. 

The Roya! Bank 
of Scotland pic 

The Royal Bank 
of Scotland announces 
that with effect from 
1 May 19S6 its House 
Mortgage Rate will be 
reduced from 12*75% 
to 11*00% per annum. 

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28 Star 

Schroders to advise 
on water sell-off 



By Jeremy Warner 

Schroders, tbe merchant 
bank, has been chosen to 
ad vise tbe Government on the 
p ri v atiza tion of the 10 region- 
al wafer authorities in England 

and Wales. 

Mr Kenneth Baker, Secre- 
tary of State for the Environ- 
ment, said yesterday that 
Schroders had been selected 
from a list of seven applicants 
for what is likely to be the 
biggest and most complex 
senes of flotations in the 
Government's privatization 

Mr Baker said Schroders 
would have a pivotal role in 
helping the Department of the 
Enviroment set up the finan- 
cial and regulatory framework 
for the new companies, in 
preparing them for sale, and in 
developing flotation ami mar- 
keting strategies. 

The Government hopes to 
privatize as many as five of 
the authorities before the next 
election, raising up to £5 
billion for the Exchequer. 

Officials at the Department 
of the Environment are work- 
ing overtime to produce the 
necessary legislation for intro- 
duction by the beginning of 
the next session of parliament. 
This would enable the first of 
the flotations to take place by 
the end of next year. 

The five authorities thought 
most appropriate for a stock 
market quote are Thames, 
whose chairman, Mr Roy 
Watts, has been one of the 
foremost advocates of privati- 

Share price slide continues 
as blue chips lead losers 

m m 

Kenneth Baker, pivotal 
role for bank 

zation, Severo-Trenk South- 
ern. Anglian and 

The Department of the 
Environment's water director- 
ate has been reorganized to 
help speed through the 
privatizations which pose for- 
midable regulatory and mar- 
keting problems. 

Schroders has been hired to 
coordinate and manage all the 
advice the Government com- 
missions from the City. The 
contract is a considerable 
boost for the merchant bank's 
corporate finance department 
which is building important 
role in the Government's 
privatization programme. 

Schroders advised the Gov- 
ernment on the two Associat- 
ed British Pons issues, the 
Jaguar flotation and the last 
sale of Cable & Wireless 

A near 25 per cent fell in first- 
quarter profits from IC1 gave 
stock markets another severe 
bruising yesterday. 

The mood was already ner- 
vous before the figures were 
announced soon after midday 
but prices carried on sliding 
after the announcement which 
disap pointed even the most 
pessimistic forecast 

The FT 30-share index fell 
14.0 points to dose at 1,348.0 
while the wider FT-SE 100 
index finished at 1,615-5, 
down 17JL 

ICI itself dosed 15p down 
at 91 4p, having tumbled to 
890p immediately after the 
news. Other leaders to show 
double figure losses included 
Blue Circle at 65Ip down I2p 
ahead of next Tuesday’s result 
and Grand Met 18p lower at 
370p among a weak hotel 
sector upset by the bomb blast 
in Oxford Street 

Earlier share prices had 
begun well after another 
dutch of takeover bids. The 
long-awaited offer from P40 
for Stock Conversion was 
announced together with the 
expected OCL deal with Brit- 
ish and Comm on wealth and 
Ocean Transport 

Stock Conversion, a strong 
market this week, added 5p to 
7l0p as the company later 
rejected the terms. 

Stockiey who accepted the 
offer on behalf of its 26 per 

cent holding in Stock Conver- 
sion eased 3p to 84p while 
European Ferries with a hold- 
ing in Stockiey fefl 8ttp to 
I52p as hopes of an outright 
bid from P&O faded. 

Ocean Transport, also a 
rumoured target from the 
property and shipping groups, 
declined !4p to I90p out 
British and Commonwealth 
hardened 2p to 348p after 
touching 365p in early trading. 

Elsewhere on the bid front 
AFV jumped 206p to 556p on 
the 575p terms from Sic be lOp 
lower at 885p. 

Robert Moss shareswere 
marked up 44p to 139p on the 
surprise offer from Bunzi 
while Camerraoor, suspended 

earlier this week at 60p, 
returned at 93p on the bid 
from Cadbury 5p down at 

Burnett AHaUamsiure gave 

Up 3p to 20p on the 23p offer 
from Anglo United Develop- 
ment 3p easier at 29p. 

The latest batch of take- 
overs stimulated other poten- 
tial candidates. Rotaflex rose 
7 p to 313p following 
Wednesday's unwelcome oner 
from Em css Lighting. Good 
Relations climbed 20p to 17 Op 
on revived reports of a bid 
while, others to attract specula- 
tive support included Aim 
Group at I09p, Sirdar l6Sp 
and Willis Faber 437p be- 
tween 8p and 18p higher. 


Abbott M V fISOp) 
Ashtoy jUflSBp) 

Broofunount (1 

Stgmex (101 
Snowdon a 

Com 9* AS 
Cranswicfc M 
Davies DV Jl 
Dtatene (128p 

Gold Gm Trot (i65p) 
Granyte Surface (Sop) 
(nooo (55p) 

JS Pathology (1B0p) 
Jarvis Porter (1D5p) 
KtearfoM (lisp) 

Lee inti fiBOpj 
Lexicon (1i5p) 

Lodge Care OVp) 
Macro 4 (105p) 
Menvale M (USp) 
Norank Sya (80p) 


281 -2 


118 +2 

Wellcome ft 
W York Hosp 
Wickes (I40p) 

Bensons Crisps N/P 
BS N/p 
Greycoat N/P 
Hanwstts N/P 
Inti Leisure N/P 
Share Drug N/P 
Turner A Newell N/P 
(issue price m brackets). 

Wimpey gained tip TO I82p 
after better than expected 
profits, wafiams Holdings 
plunged 55p to 640p on the 
completion of the Fairey 

Reed International 
shareswere another weak spot 
at 862p down 27p. Wadkm, 
reporting next Monday, sorted 
I On to 348p but Inchcape with 
results due next Tuesday lost 
20p to 340p. 

Cable and Wireless suc- 
cumbed to profit-taking at 
580p down 20p. Stores fin- 
ished above the worst with 
Wmflworth 5p better at 840p 
and Ward White . up 2p at 
296p ahead of Monday's 

Stroud Riley, whose chair- 
man denied knowledge of any 
bid approaches on Wednes- 
day. fell 9p to 97p. Good 
profits supported Office and 
Electronics at 24$p up Sp but 
disappointing statements 
knocked lOp to 12p from S 
Casket at 41p, Norman Hay at 
93p and J W Spear at 190p. . 

Newcomer D Y Davies 
recorded a 22 per cent premi- 
um in first dealing ax 177p_ 
Telecomputing at I92p up 22p 
and Stainless Metal shares 
17fp op I5p were wanted on 
speculative demand. Profit- 
taking knocked 20p from As- 
sociated Heat Services at 

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When you’re thinking of his future* 
there’s no time like the present. 

And therek nothing quite like National 
Savings Deposit Bonds to give him a tidy capital 
sum when he is older and will appreciate it most 

Whether you’re investing for your grand- 
child, godchild, niece, nephew or just one of your 
favourites, Deposit Bonds will grow with them. 

Not only do Deposit Bonds offer a premium 
rate of interest - currently 12% p.a. - they also add 

This is unlike tax-paid investments, where part of 
the interest is lost automatically 

Most children are non-taxpayers, so Deposit 
Bonds are of particular benefit to them. Because as 
long as they do not pay tax and the bonds are given 
by someone other than their parents, they keep all 
the interest 

This special tax advantage means Deposit 
Bonds are likely to grow fester than any other risk- 
free investment you could make for them. 

So when you’re thinking about their future, 
give them something that will grow and grow in 
value. An investment that will help towards a more 
secure tomorrow 

You can buy the bonds at post offices in 
multiples of £50 withaminimum purchase of £100. 

Ask at your post office for a leaflet and an 
application form. Or make a free call on 
0800 100 100 and we’ll send them to you. 





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Mil 1 *-' 

increases by 'Wm 

By Teresa Poole 

A £566^000 reduction in wifi be 
pension fund contributions -sazue a 

Itelped James Neill Holdings, .names 
the toolmaker, achieve a 38 Tbe eai 
per cent increase, in pretax- their in 
profit to £&02 mfllion in, 1985, for snri, 
exactly in line with the fore- ‘ iJL; 
cast at the time of tbe acquisi- 

non of Spear & Jackson, the . SjiS 
garden tools annofiminx 01 

All tbe increase, which does . ResnJ 

oot indude any contribution • seas co 
from Spear & Jackson, arose by an a 
in Britain where the ieoigani- AastraB 

zation of the group’s toolmak- cy tnov 
icg activities was completed at operatic 
an extraordinary cost of £2.9 miflion 
million. opoatic 

_ The chief executive, Mr Tb& fi 
Peter Bullock, sdd that'the current 
company had moved quickly sbbw a 

wifi be repadeagod -iia^ tite 
same colours, bat bofit brand 
names will ' be maintained. 
The garden lools arc to have 
their .image. updated -in-ftsiK 
for spring jam year. - ; : 

Spear & Jackso n made pre- 
tax jmofits of £1 .17mflfion cm 

rales oT£39naanon in 0B5i; 

.. Results frwn Ne3Ts qyeJ^ 
sras con^anra? wwt^ drattd 
by an ahthdummnjE^jKtionin 
Austrafia and adverse amen* 
cy movements, and overseas 

^ffio^^ewaturn to^roduce 
operating losses of £506,000* . 

the first balf of the’ group’s 
cureent year is iejqje^sd: to 
show a fell ‘in ^ Jifiderlvinc 

MO cwt saiong measures low levd of demand early.iD 
worth £2J million m a full the year and the djsnwfioud 
year had already, been the re-organizatio 
implemented. - faeneffisiif oKt«nm« diAubt 

tTi*ev«.-lU * , VI UBIWV1BIS SHBUP 

TTte Spear* Jackson range come through in fesews 

into Nefll's Eclipse range and Tbe shares fefl 40 to 2Dte. 

* <***☆ 

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The battle to create Britain’s biggest bank 

>.V>„ J ■ Lloyd s Bank has launched a bid for most profitable bank. The bid has been chief executives of both banks to learn 
■ ^^dardCIiartered which would create rejected. Richard Thomson, Banking the arguments on which the 
>/, ; Bntam s biggest and the world's fifth Correspondent, has been talking to the shareholders will base their decision. 

Big is economic 

s; 1 Differences of style mean and competitive 

r 3 

. by 

Standard ^ Chartered 

Differences of style mean 
a poor geographical fit 

The tone of outrage in ffUch 
Standard Chartered rejected 
the Lloyds bid was partly 
because the hank had just 
completed a lengthy review of 
corporate strategy, Mr Mi- 
chael McWflUam, Standard's 
chief general manager, said. 

. “The board is very literate 
in our corporate plan jost aow, 
and because we believe it b a 
good one the Lloyds bid was 
rejected manimonsiy.” 

But the outrage also 
from a deep feeling that the 
bid is inappropriate, and that 
Lloyds's argument of a neat 
geographical fit between die 
banks is spnrioos. 

“Lloyds’s international 
business is structured quite 
differently from ours. They 
want to ran a closely integral 
ed business, centrally con- 
trolled from London. The 
absorption of Lloyds Bank 
International into the main 
bank, and the way BoLSA 
(Bank of London & Sooth 
America) is ran, are evidence 
of this. Their offices overseas 
are just an extension of the 
powerful British bank. 

“That is in complete dfotmc- 
. ' from what Standard 
Chartered is, was, or wants to 
be. We have substantial bank- 
ing businesses which have 
grown np inside different econ- 
omies. In about 20 coentries 
we are - virtually die major 
national domestic hank. Each 

one is merely coordinated from 
London. Their local roots give 
stability mid consistency m a 
volatile world-" 

Mr McWiDhm mskM 
that Standard had survived in 
many countries by “corporate 
good citizenship” — cultivating 
dose local contacts and stick- 
ing with the local markets 

in Lloyds view 

Michael McWflUam: local 
roots give stability 

throogh the bad times as well 
as the good. 

“African banking, particu- 
larly, requires flexibility and 
diplomacy. We have, for ex- 
ample managed to forild busi- 
nesses in black Africa and 
retained oar presence in Sooth 
Africa, f don’t believe the 

domestic bankers in London 
know anything abont that. 

“This worries our customers 
abont the Lfoyds bid. Lloyds 
lent heavily m South America 
and the Far East, for instance, 
and ran into horrendous prob- 
lems. Lloyds epitomizes what 
went wrong with the Opec 
period of banking in the 1970s. 

“They have acquired a poor 
name in the Far East where 
they tended to poll ont of 
markets when things went 
wrong, such as withdrawing 
their Hong Kong headquarters 
to Tokyo. They polled out of 
India in the 1960s and then got 
rid of their stake in Grindlays. 
Lack of consistency is an 
emotive thing in the Far East. 

“Sooth Africa will be em- 
barrassing for Lloyds — lobby- 
ists and its customers won't 
like it if Lloyds picks np a big 
exposure there. 

“We are probably the big- 
gest lender there and Lloyds 
will not be able to get ont of 
South Africa quickly. The 
£200 million we have in cross- 
border lending cannot be re- 
trieved and! the standstill 

“Selling Stanbic (the South 
African company) is not easy 
because Sooth Africa's laws 
do not allow anyone more than 
30 per cent ownership of a 
domestic bank." 

Naturally, ■ Mr McWilfiam 

is optimistic about the future 
for Standard: 

“We are improving the man- 
agement of onr businesses and 
expect an improvement in 
earnings to build on last 
year's. Without ignoring our 
traditional areas of operation, 
most of onr new investment is 
going otto the United States, 
UK and Europe. 

“We may also get stock 
exchange quotations for Union 
Bank in the US as well as onr 
Hong Kong, Singapore and 
Malaysian banks to show the 
real value of the best parts of 
onr business. The London 
market does not always appre- 
ciate how ranch we are worth." 

At the same time, Mr 
McWiBiam concedes the need 
for a strong British earnings 
base. “We want a steady 
assurance of around 50 per 
cent of onr earnings coming 
from the UK", he said. 

“We want a middle market 
retail base and we already 
know we can bnfld np onr 
share of the corporate finance 
market We have had talks 
with building societies, but we 
know that it will be at least 
four to five years before we can 
start making links with any." 

There is always the old 
dream of a onion with Royal 
Bank of Scotland. 

“The time may not be right 
for either Standard or RBS 
yet, bat it coaid be one day." I 

i Lloyds Bank's somewhat 
curious approach to Standard 
Chartered, when it sprung its 
first surprise announcement 
late on a Friday afternoon, 
stemmed partly from a sudden 
rise in Standard's share price 
in the preceding days. Lloyds 
felt it had to put down its 
marker before its intended 
750p offer looked completely 
out of court. 

Yet despite the hasty style of 
the initial approach, Lloyds 
has a grand vision of the 
future with the two banks 
combined. Mr Brian Pitmao. 
chief executive of Lloyds, 
emphasizes two major 

First, the takeover would 
give Lloyds the benefit of 
sheer size in both capital and 
profit terms which, in today's 
markets with their financial 
megadeals, is essential for a 
world class bank. . 

“We would be the fifth 
biggest bank in world in profit 
terms and the tenth biggest in 
assets on 19S4 figures" he 

At the same lime, 
Lfoyds/Standard would have 
something unique to offer in 
an unrivalled international 
spread of banking business. 
According to Mr Pitman, 
“Citicorp is probably the only 
bank in the world that could 
compare itself to us on that 

The payoffs in terms of 
customer relationships and 
range of services offered 
should be enormous. "We 
could handle virtually any 
aspect of trade finance almost 
anywhere in the world and 
arrange deals which other 
banks simply could not do. 
We are aiming at middie- 
market customers in this field 
— the multinationals do not 
need the help of banks to 
facilitate their international 

The takeover would also 
bring "considerable cost 
savings" (Lloyds will not yet 
disclose how much) in two 
principal areas. 

Other economies would 
come from cutting tack over- 
lapping operations, particular- 
ly overseas. “In countries 
where both banks have offices 
the smaller would be dosed 
down. That would probably 
mean closing more Lloyds 
than Standard offices." 

There are also potentially 
large tax advantages in adding 
Lloyds's British earnings base 
to set against Standard's over- 
seas tax liabilities. 

“For Lloyds the takeover 
would bring entry into re- 
stricted domestic markets 
where Standard already has 
strong local franchises with 
long-established customer 
bases and a core of domestic 
deposits. We need to reduce 

our dependence for earnings 
on the UK even though it is 
currently such a profitable 

"As international banks we 
and Standard have exactly the 
same strengths but in different 
places. We understand the 
culture of the countries where 
we operate and do not believe 

Brian Pitman: something 
unique to offer 

in 'suitcase banking' — here 
today gone tomorrow 

At the same time, Mr 
Pitman conceded. Standard 
would bring to the group 
special skills that go with 
running successful overseas 

"Lloyds needs Standard be- 

cause we are not used to 
managing in places where 
Standard operates. We have 
oodles of experience running 
tricky banking businesses 

“ We know that local bank- 
ing businesses need a high 
degree of autonomy. The inte- 
gration of Lloyds Bank Inter- 
national, for example, is only 
at the London level, while 
each local general manager 
makes his own decisions." 

Mr Pitman sees no inconsis- 
tency in taking on Standard s 
large United States commit- 
ments so soon after selling 
Lloyds Bank California. 

"Union Bank is a successful 
business while LBC was not a 
good performer and its retail 
base did not fit in easily with 
the rest of Lloyds.” 

As for South Africa, "we 
would continue Standard's 
policy of reducing its owner- 
ship in Stanbic. but we do not 
yet know what the practical 
possibility* is of gening rid of it 

“ We would hope our 
customers would understand 
that we are not buying Stan- 
dard for its South African 
commitments — they just 
happen to come with the deal. 

“Jt is undoubtedly one of 
the negatives about Standard 
and we believe we have re- 
flected this in our offer price." 

High-tech plan 
for Australian 
export drive 

Although one of the most 
affluent countries in the 
world, Australia is more like a 
developing nation when it 
comes to overseas trader Man- 
ufactured goods, .account for 
only 20 percent 'of il£ exports. 

Like many developing na- 
tions, Australia, has suffered a 
steady deterioration in its 
terms of trade. Between 1972 
and 1975 its surplus on agri- 
cultural and mineral exports 
was equivalent to more than 
70 per cent of its imports. But 
10 yean later the figure was 
just over 50 per cent 
The trend is likety to contin- 
ue, and Australia has to 
increase its exports of finished 
goods and services if- its 
standard of living is not to 
decline. Farm and mine can 
no longer guarantee prosperity 
for the "Lucky Country.” 

Industrial goods 
are vital to 
protect country’s 
standard of living 

Australian manufacturers 
have traditionally been pro- 
tected from foreign competi- 
tion by high tariffs. They have 
catered primarily for the do- 
mestic market and have been 
slow to innovate. 

- At the beginning of the 
1980s spending on research 
and development accounted 
forjust over 1 per cent of gross 
domestic product, less than 
half the percentage for Swe- 
den, for example. Of this, the 
government contributed 
about 80 per cent 
Since the Labour govern- 
ment came to power in 1983 it 
has tried to promote develop-" 
mem of new products by 
Australian industry. Manage- 
ment and investment compa- 
nies (MICs) have been 
licensed to provide venture 
capita} to small, fes-growing 
firms which use new technol- 
ogy and have export potential 
By the end of last year they 
had invested more than 
Aus$25 million (£12.5 mil- 
lion) in 44 high technology 
ventures, mainly in the elec- 
tronics,- computer software, 
biotechnology and biomedical 
sectors. _ 

One of the benefi aanes of 
this scheme is Vision Systems, 
of Adelaide, which has devel- 
oped a computerized survefl- 
lance technique involving the 
digital processing of television 
images at high speed. 

Formed in 1983, ^ compa- 
ny acquired its initial funds 
from local businessmen. But it 
was able to expand thr ou gh an 
AusSl.2 million investment 
by one of the MICs, which 
were set up m 1984. Las: 
November it raised a fitter 

Aus$4 nulfioa by going public. 

Another source of finance 
for hi tech ventures has been 
the stock market’s second 
board. However, there is a 
feeling that too many compa- 
nies with Buie likelihood of 
commercial success have been 
quoted. . 

As well as creating the 
MICs, the government has 
expanded the .of the 
\ustralian Industries Devel- 

opment Corporation, direct- 
ing it to land money and 
expertise to hi - techj 

■ - It has also introduced a 150 
per emit ' tax incentive for 
research and devlopment in 
Australia, to bridge the gap 
between academic research 
and industry. 

All these are general mea- 
sures. The one sector chosen 
for special help is biotechnolo- 
gy, .for which government 
giants are available. 

An ' important reason for 
Australian industry's failure 
to innovate is high tariff 
protection. Average levels are 
about 15 per cent and more 
than 100 per cent for some 

Tariffs on imported vehi- 
cles are being reduced gradual- 
ly over seven years and a 
similar scheme is planned for 
'textiles, -clothing and foot- 
wear. Those on computer 
equipment and machine tools 
have been ail but abolished 
and replaced by local 

Mr Barry Jones, the Minis- 
ter for Science, says that firms 
with hi tech connections are 
beginning to reach the ranks of 
the top 200 Australian 

But he thinks there is a 
native pessimism which as- 
sumes that Australia is too 
small and isolated to be 
successful This he caffs 
“Pearse's syndrome," after the 
New Zealand aviator- who is 
said to have achieved manned 
flight before the Wright Broth- 
ers but became discouraged by 
lade of support. 

Another problem is that 
much of Australian industry is 
foreign-owned. Mr Jones be- 
lieves that a bead office is 
more likely to mass produce 
.something invented in Austra- 
lia back at home rather than 
locally, and he cites a vaccine 
against malaria and combus- 

Ministers believe 
that nation is 
awakening to need 
for modernization 

tion engines made of the 
ceramic PSZ (partially stabi- 
lized zirconia) as examples. 

A more attractive model is 
product franchizing, in which 
local companies are encour- 
aged to develop items which 
toe parent company then sells 
worldwide. This was pioneer- 
ed in Australia by I Cl and 

. Senator John Button. Min- 
ister for Industry, Technology 
and Commerce, pinpoints 
biotechnology, computer soft- 
ware and medical equipment 
as his country's hi teefa 
strengths, and product inno- 
vation, marketing and design 
a.s its weaknesses. 

Both minister believe that 
Australia is awakening to the 
necessity of modernizing its 
industry, bat that it has a long 
way to go. 

Scott Plummer 

Between its launch in 1908 and its demise in 1927 
Henry Ford's Model T became the best-selling car in the 
world. A remarkable feat considering its makers measly 
attitude to colour 

In 1938, another rather forceful character launched 


his “motor car for the peopl 
Volkswagen Beetle. 

This loveable vehicle 
also became the best 
seller of its time. 

Back in swingin' '66 
we launched our own carTi ic uui viia. 

Since then, just over 12,000,000 owners 

have made it the best-selling model range in the world. 

Unlike Henry and Adolf we don’t dictate to you. 
With the Corolla, you can choose from eleven colours 
and five shapes. 

We also offer you a choice of engines. 

From economical 1J 
1300 to the fiery 122BHF 
16-valve 1600. 

Even the choice of 
transmission is up to 
you. As is the choice of 
equipment levels. 

To us, variety is the spice of a long production life. 



r- 1 1 : 





ptease send me a brochure: Sales Administration Dept. Toyota (GB) Lid.. Head Office and Tax Free Sates. The Quadrangle. RedhilL Surrey RH1 IPX. 

Name- — ^Address . 

—Post Code Telephone 


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7-5 1986 





New York (Agencies) - Share k«Ung *2*4*?** * “ 
prices were fifliTOWly lughtr in «argu. of to five, 
active trading early yesterday. tnnsptetolton average 

Interest-sensitive issues m ^ o.98 to 814.77, vntfc the 
lagged on lingering concern Cities average »P w 1 " 
that the rates had fallen as low 18S.14 and the 65 st®&» 
as they would, traders said. average op 1-63 10 715J?* 

•rbe Dow ta The New York Stock E*- 
average was ahead 4JBhai , composite index edged 
1.834.45 at one step dwng tolSj64 white the 

the first hoar of traSe yester Ajnericail Stoc k Exchange in- 
dex clim bed 0.83 to 21232- 


the first 


shares were 


Ailed Sire 
Allis CMiws 
Am fda Hs 
Am Brands 
Am Brdcast 
Air Can 
Am Cyrar'd 
Am El Pur 
Am Express 
Am Homs 


ported raws 
day's rang® 

NVorfc fSiKtata 

Montreal 2. 113W. 1^7 
Bnifi&ete 67-85^35—™, 
C-pngon 12290S-12J8B2 
ftEST 1.090-1. IKS 

UsOon 209.62-22058 

Z27a «W3«L74 
1 0.8050-1 Q-6774 
105070-1 05892 
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Tokyo 254,49-256-76 

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3 months 















money markets and - Qoyjj 

Sterling gained al the expense 


finished with a 

against the dollar at 15355, ^ 

SPt level for three years 


Ireland 2WO-^ I 


Australia " — 1391 5-1 -3925 

Canada — 7 0675-7.0775 

Sweden 65900-WWO 

Norway- “ 8.0975-8/1025 

Danmar k 2.1905-2-1915 

West Germany 1.8290-18300 

Switzerland 2.4730^.4750 

Netherlands — — * 

Franc* — . b? an.i68.D0 


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150J 1692 -1.1 *60 

2T9.7 299.1 -15 *96 

Ss «6* 051 

635 685 -£2 0^ 

Mill aflix* -37 439 
6173 5S3.7 -68 4J9 

1799 1W4 -60 6* 

187.8 2006 H5 

544 865* -19 OW 
549 995* -J5 0« 
1004 1079 -15 IM 

1W0 1159 -17 OM 

1079 116* -19 

*117 ISS -19 129 
alSuTcaiAAae 18*5 197 6e -111.71 

Da Aeeun 
M Taa< 

Do Ataui 
jpsan Qrearw 

N Amu S G4« 
DO Aecum 
Do ' 

_ Aeeun 
Comwoday * Gw 
Do Aeeun 
Emm High me 
Do Aeeun 
GatA Fkiadlne 
Do Aeeun 
Htgh Ynid 
Do Aeeun 
Do Aeoad 
jaw 6 Paofie 
Do Aeeun 
N Ananean me 
Do Aeeun 
Em® GW me 
D® Aeeun 
Snd*r Cob me 
Do Moan 

031.228 7V 
-04 743 
-15 295 
-15 156 
-05 4X4 
-02 078 
+03 4« 
-15 2X9 
-04 050 
-19 256 
-14 459 
-15 490 
-04 6X7 
-OX 259 
.1.1 349 
-17 .. 
-1.7 .. 
-45 XU 
- 1.1 ■ - 
+09 151 
-14 Z19 
-Li 391 
-19 394 



M me 

Da Aecum 


-19 1471 
-B4J 1471 
-17 610 
-15 X10 
-X2 270 
-XI 170 



Da Accun 

ma usnss: 


-49 *50 
-14 056 
-15 058 
-45 151 
45 151 
4L1 l” 
-11 1.06 
-14 243 
4* 248 

Amu Eaoki 


.i Huaa. ffWatwiwa Ra AyBaBufy Bucka 
I 68*1 

7X0 777 -19 049 

1X1 104 -44 490 

Canmodqr 6X1 714 >15 247 

305 32X -49 1.70 

1885 16X3 -23 Z70 

I Spec SOI 879 10*5* -xa 0X3 

Extra meoma 11*9 12X3 -MX 950 

26*9 2824* -19 1.78 
1119 1185 +0.1 756 

647 8X4* -1.1 2t3 

Do Aeeun 1012 1075* -17 X13 

705 845* -19 49* 
618 8X1 -17 0.1 8 

01-406 8361 

OW* Equity 


• E* dMdrouL e Cra» tfyMBDi.kOjj 
stack sett, s Ex stock tt xWj 
(any two or more of 6i>owJ.'K»»TC 
two or more d sboisk ‘V wBVj*. 
wBfaoOon days: (« M»d 

montiL Wi 20th ofjnpntfif^ '“BtB - 

woridng day of monttL (32) 20 th ol mon®»- 
monft. (® 15m of mewBt-W-w’^oi 

month. (37) 2tot o* month. fl8| SO 
Wednesmy of north. GB) 
Wmtaoaday of north, m .YSS 
mort^Tpi) U*t ThuradBy alJM 
Exchange amunt W) t aa aw « 
month. 43) and and 4ft WKW HdW- ■ 
month. (44) Quarterly. (45) 6*h of meow 
(*ffl 2nd Tunday at month. . 






Worse with JCB I Better with JCB 
ProfitabiEty 0%ill 

Competing with aq/ | I 
the Japanese T/Oj J 

the Japanese ■'Oj 

Product quality 2%[^ 

as? 3% n 

Product -iqy H 

engineering I/O \j 

Management jj 

Productdesign 2% 

Labour relations 2% 

Customer cn/ I | 
service J /0 ] | 

Value for money 2%[] 

E'pore- 4%D 










32% I 

Of all those who expressed an opinion, 
55% favoured JCB being in charge. 

Furthermore, in every single aspect of 
running the company which was discussed in 
the polls, many more dealers and farmers 
thought Land Rover would do better rather than 
worse with JCB in charge. 

When such strong opinions are held by 
people who make their living using or selling the 
products, surely it would be wrong to 
ignore them? 

Source MORL iOl dealers/300 formers interviewed, 21/22 April 1 986. 

Two MORI polls amongst farmers and 
Land Rover’s authorised dealers have revealed 
substantial support for JCB. 

71% of all the farmers interviewed said, 
on balance, they favoured JCB being in charge 
of Land Rover. 

And, of those who expressed an o pinion, 
a massive 9 out of 10 were in favour of J CB. 

MORI’s other poll, amongst Land Rover’s 
own dealers, also showed considerable support 


an opinion, wo^^jcb, b^^jce 

r Profitability 3%[J 

Compering with * 0 ,\ I 
the Japanese « /0 | | 

Product quality |0% 

Marketing Iqq/ 
and sales 1 

Exports 5% | 

Customer -50/ I 

service J /OJ 

Product ao/ j 1 

engineering * '° | | 

Management 5%n 
Product design [9% | 
labour relations 3% i 





45% I 




\'alue for money 

22% I 

* '" •vTT — ’ 

' v v..'-- _ 'xv‘, y y". • 

. • v ' h% 1 * . !! a**. 

•• ■ V- Vv<: , =-■' ■ 


•. . ■ < ’. ■ 

■ • ’ ’•i.cli*' 

- .. ’ ■: ' ,> ■ 't;' * 

/• • ^ ■ ,£■ *•■ . • * :■ 

■ 'j"'. 

a ♦' ' * 

■ ■ ■ <-W . (.’< 
T • .ttsV.iKt 
! **i 

— < s,. 

. ;• -;v 


tment . 
t "no 

; place 
at us". 
e had 
r him 

Wald- a 
maid- a 
leased r 

edged e 
• Ger- 1 
ins in *• 

s that y 
gosla- J 
ngfor ® 
drive „ 
ad. i 
Wald- } 
35 not 
lack is 
w the e 
.{ the « 
[now b 
in be- r 
j Ihe 
tijs at e 
inning a 

:s o 




f. the*: 
ic the r_ 
Lcare* “i 
mt of 5 

luaon *' 
VA Dr ie 
•we.'- a.' 
lie So-* 

litnan “■ 
jtonio 16 

B J 

m had ir 


ue 2 

irit .t 

?d lhar 
air of” 



1$ lhatte 
I, then 
in, and 
ns ford 
Tier, rf 
sr flecLt- 
■■ .9 






niiamsiaeiaa iB 


Bonuses to 
make it all 

By Teresa Poole 

Directors and managers of small compa- 
nies are increasingly being rewarded by 
profit-related bonus schemes. 

Bask salaries for directors of compa- 
nies with turnover np to £20 million rose 
by 4.8 per cent in 1985. Box total earnings 
moved ahead by 7.5 per cent because of 
higher payments, which now account for 
as avenge 103 per cent of earnings. 

A similar pattern was found for foe 
managers of those companies who now 
earn an average 63 per cent through 
bonuses. Basic salaries were op 8.1 per 
cent and total earamgs rose 8.7 per cent. 

la the Small Business Review of foe 
National Management Salary Survey, 
published this week by Remuneration 
Economics and the British Institute of 
Management, the trend towards perfor- 
mance-related remuneration packages 
was most marked for smaller companies 
(defined as having turnover op to £20 

Sir Peter Parker, chairman of BIM, 
- commented: “Smaller companies are not 
prepared to accept an ongoing cost which 
maybe next year they cannot afford.** 
The average gross earnings and per- 
centage increases for foe jobs in the 
survey were: chief executive £37,164 (6.4 
per cent), other directors £28,762 (9.7), 
senior function bead £19,861 (11), fttnc- 
. tion bead £16,286 (8.1), senior manage- 
ment £13,644 (6.7) and middle 

management £11,600 (4.0). 

The industries in which bonuses 
played foe biggest part in determining 
salaries were banking, finance and 
insurance, chemicals, energy and allied 
industries. More than 16 per cent of 
individuals in foe survey participated in a 
share-option scheme. Company cars 
were still one of foe most common perks: 
853 per cent of directors and 55.4 per 
cent of managers had foe use of one. 

0 The reriew covered 1 18 organizations and 
1996 individuals. It is published by 
Remuneration Economics. Survey House, 
-51 Portland Road. Kingston upon Thames 
KT1 2SH. 


Odile Slynn. left, and Hilary Tomlinson: French withont fears 

Le style francais 

By Peta Levi 

Do you know how to answer the phone 
to a French client or how to behave in a 
French restaurant? The French are far 
less tolerant than the English of other 
people's lack of finesse. Odile Slynn and 
Hilary Tomlinson, both teachers at 
Buckingham University, felt that there 
was a need for British business people to 
learn not only how to speak French, but 
bow to conduct themselves in a French 

In 1984 they took the innovative step 
(blessed by the university as a form of 
consultancy) of forming a partnership 
(cheaper than a limited company) called 
Executive French. They offer tailor- 
made courses in French, to suit individ- 
ual needs, either at an office or home 
(within a 20-mile radius of Leighton 
Buzzard) on a £1 5 hourly rate, or in the 
form of a weekend (£240) or a one-day 
(£90) course in Odile Slynn’s splendid 
1 7th -century country house just outside 
Leighton Buzzard. The two latter courses 
include Gallic food and wine in a 
recreation of a French environment. All 
courses are based on commercially 
available material on French business 
studies, supplemented by Slynn’s own 
experience. Tapes and a phone intercom 
system in foe Slynn house are much 
used, the latter to art out live business 
telephone conversations. The duo also 
provide a translation service. 

French-bom Odile Slyn taught at 
Queen's College girls* school in London 
before moving to Buckingham Universi- 
ty in 1980. Hilary Tomlinson taught 

■ Forty case studies of small- 
business ventures - some successful, 
some not. but all offering an insight 
into the typical problems of young 
businesses — are brought together in 
Routes To Success by Colin Barrow of 

The case histories include a buy-out 
and two experiences of franchising. An 
accompanying teacher's manual will 
be available soon from Colin Barrow at 
Cranfield, Bedford MK43 0AL. 

■ David TriDpier. the minister for 
small businesses, this week launched the 

French at Buckingham for nine years 
before being promoted to an administra- 
tive post there. Hilary Tomlinson says 
they found the Milton Keynes Business 
Venture Scheme’s free advice on setting i 
up in business helpful; at the scheme’s , 
suggestion, they joined the local Cham- 
ber of Commerce. They started with a j 
£ 1 ,000 budget and have kept within it. In , 
the first year they bad a broch ure p rinted 
and sent it to about 50 local firms, and 
they advertised locally and in a national 
daily paper. _ , . 

Odile Slynn says: “The results of the 
advertising. espenaJly in the national 
paper — which was very expensive — 
were disappointing. One problem has 
been: ‘How much is it worth spending on 
advertising?"’ . _ . 

Clients tend to come - through word of 
mouth. For instance. Brian Laurance, 
the managing director of Perfect Valois 
(pan of a European subsidiar y of an 
American company), manufacturers of 
valves and pumps used for scent bottles 
and aerosol sprays), which buys from 
France, is having lessons himself and has 
now sent on the course a young 
American employee, who speaks little 
French but is going soon to the French 
head office _ . 

They made no profit in the first year, 
but £2,000 in the second. Hilary 
Tomlinson says: "We find it a construc- 
tive way of using spare time and get a lot 
of fun out of learning about people's 
businesses. Our biggest problem is to 
become known. If we did expand rapidly 
we would employ local part-time 


affecting smaH businesses. The 
Department of Employment has designed 
an employment form and a notice- 
board kit so employers can display in g 
simple way any Information about their 
businesses. The new package wffl be 
piloted in the North-West and the 
Thames Valley area, but (he guide wl be 
available nationwide to local 
enterprise agencies and similar bodies. 


The joint Receivers and 
Manage rs of a prestigious 
restaurant in Chelsea offer 
its entire assets for sale as a 
going concern. 

For further information 
interested parties should 
communicate with the Joint 
Receivers and Managers: 

Norman H. Davis and - 
James R. Austin 

L I/rl y 

47 Queen Anne Street, London WIM 0DN 
Tel: 01-486 5001 - Telex: 892596 


AWAfiDBOND HOUffl ffiS Uteri E fl. 


Thompson Carpets Ltd- 1 

(in Receivership) 

The Recovers offer for safe the 
win and certain assets oftbc 
company. The company manufeemre* 

SSSarpets and foe K gunov» 

ended 31st March 1986 was 

for further details amt tux- _ _ 

iv joint Receiver, R.E. Adkins 
Kwuwdy Tower. Si Claris i 

Grant Thornton 

ni-vRTKRfh^ AH’Gi \TAN :> 

‘ie a? wed 6c acids 

j ' vcsiK^n-fukx- 

: j v bvY 2 *de 

! :hcr.Ni»fcNe ansiraeresri «_ 
j xafci^~mrfi-ds tafe as 
j £H!0e|(hyteiRShj»E29biiSiQn 
\ r^VecaGarrarestobtfifilor 
I rwcf;wri-A*r^5OTc(^. 
| x&z&seiR anas. W? wdl 
> fcrfcsr. -itaitfih- 
iS!£W *tdfc6 

Fjr pfcase 

£jltariri Haney* Arb Big 

The DoE believes that many small 
firms do not hire more staff because of 
the bureaucracy involved. Next 
month's White Paper on de-regulation will 
increase emphasis on simplifying laws 
and regulations, rather than just removing 
them. • - 

**I see. The arrangement is that yon first measures in the Government's 
save me money so I can give it to you" Programme to simplify legislation 


Dual worry any more, h your company having 
cash flow probtons? Do you face Hauldatian or 
bankruptcy? We wflj take all pressures off yoa. AD 
enquiries treated In me strictest of confluence. Ross 
Walker & Associates. SBwecrofl House. Stratford 
Rd.. Loxiey. Warwick CV35 9JW. 

Telephone (0789) 841292. 

Telex 8814198 ADPHON 





We have many companies looking for investment 
sources in all sectors ranging from manafactar- 
ing. technology, publishing, educational. UK and 
European contraction, retail outlets. Engineering, 
Leisure and service industries. 

Construction Company Company specialising 
require equity partner to in development of 
invest in large project apartments and hotels 
excellent potential seek investment for et- 
rctum. pansion from an equity 


Please contact: - Julie Langton 


Worcester Hone. Dragoa 
Street. Peunfidd. 

Hampshire GU31 4JD. 

Tel: (0730) 98122. <6 Lines). 

Bai) <n tte a** auttesM W on Oe 

to rtccetf Wta m sxrtesw ntoswrt 
Ca n to ante d te? 8W 
■l u—r rejoo to ww i tetwr M m »«- 
fa tuner emit (im a**xl 
De« M2/BP1 _ 


Tto tenge. Faty Fort. Ranw CteitortQt 
PEJ7 m 

Winter W tum 


to five and work on The COSTA DEL SOL. Spanish 
property company offers lucrative partnership to an ex- 
perienced BuUder / Manager wmiCBteM and ability to rue vflta 
BuWJJrg operawon and contract leSM forte. Very ugh rerwwv 
hufOMiaie tun 

WSh Ml c.v. Repty tae- 
SOX 830 c/o The Uiw* H t n ip amn . 


step out of that tube on to the beach. Boat 
Hire business Torquay main beach, ped- 
alos, canoes, working boats. £59,500- 
Ready to go. 

0803 3S333 for ctotaBs 


Kcte financial partner with approrintstoty H6SJOOO swikbfe. 
Specialised imenaiionaJ ebennod unde nasetme. about to be 
launched Europe * LISA witft Worldwide djsmbsooo. Traneo- 

MOMK COUMTKS, Land w» De- 
vctomenl Potent**. O-nwn 
Mck W rested partnerttli NO 

Fmm nemy to box F79. 

MTS to upgrade yoor IBM PC to 
a 3Om0 XT ibmiwu benkrui* 
aockX For detain tar alt oar PC 
upgrade products •mopMs 
toiephoM Coopwuu tCHZZJ 


Vast projected profits, proven trade record. Start 
partner or Director required. 

For detaBa te le ph on e Mart McK*nr», 092S 37373, 
Tbnequart Ltd. Kamfitoo Terrace, Royal Leamington 
Spa, CV32 4LY 

comminkmed. Active 
Contact Mr John West. 
01-405 5042. 

a f partner is 



P O now 43*. vtrrtnu St 
off Tile HMlway. London El. 

gift shops - cash business. Oadopool town centre. 
Growth profit tor 27 weeks trading 1984 season 
E24&000 and wowing + extra. 1985 season accounts 
being prepared and wfl be sanfiar. Genuine reason tor 
setting. Reply to BOX B34, c/o Tines Newspi^ers, 
PO Box 484,^ Virginia St; off The Highway, London 
900 . 


hancbmng )* 4 proven rcti'e to a wee ewlul busmen P» y our own. 

Cone or din i Aywocwe* area national nerworti q| Frinchnee 

Recruitment ContuHant, working on behalf ol selected Franchiw 
companies helping them to locate suitable Franchisees- 
We are handling a wide range ol business opportumnet mckidng 
food, cieanmg sersices-damp-prootm^and sales. 

Invejtmeni levels range tiom £5500 to it25XKW. 

Inte mt e d t Then contact Brian Forfaeaor Moira f'~ 

Roberts at our head office, 

ConcorcIan t 



Young with growth potential and frustrated 
by lack of Capital seeks person of safes back- 
ground with Capital for equity participation. 
Would consider merger or licencing /royalty 
proposals. Reply in confidence to BOX BOX . 

• j TTrr ? 



Back to Back Letters of Credit 
8/14 Orsman Road, London N1 5QJ 
Tel: 01-729 0405 - Telex: 268600 


South East based with prestige contracts ofto? ctartng. PJ. 
and Alarms Division. Good growth opportunities. Owners 
rettum. nawar^ 

Principals only Reply to BOX F73 


£16m - to £70m In iwxrfltrtile industrial 
projects as a financing partner or in a joint 
venture with a reputable company. For 
further details telephone. 061 790 1482 or 
direct to Wadi Muscat Trading A 
Construction Enterprises P O. Box 412 or 
Box 8812 or telephone Oman (OlO 968) 
722299. or telex 5661 WMTCOMAN 


Takings EttmHfcn. NET surplus £55.000. Assets 
£150,000 inc. 9.000 $q ft F/h factory. i m of land. 
iMelunsy. vmnr* mxk and Lenten shop. g^wth. to 

ClRdUlen. For uto outnsm at CS3B.OOO 0» £260000 tar 
HtnwnMf. Rctty lo BOX F7« . 


PmtKsa bua rew car snourraonVtuBy eqaBoU wk sbop/hRcnn & 
tarji tfti w Sfax. c nm at Sirgiiran. aawwn BW y 10.000 eq. ft anfr 
nobne psswg psmraan k» 2 fi inn. 

Price; £330,000 

L Bricftfan (0273) 77172S/775332 


Hard driving entrepreneurs needed for 
marketing and supervision in record 
breaking business. Highest earning 
potential. We train. For details call: 

01-243 8559 


w« have a super cash Sow service business teed In 
LoMon with planned expansion to other areas. The 
partner would control motel* serulee units, motivate sales 
pnsonnM and he a good aAMiusirtiWr at Ms own branch In 
he own 'area after we have opened and produced eu& 
flow. Please write to Mr Travis Reply to BOX F8& Times 
Newspapers. PO Bax tea. Virginia st. on The Highway. 
London El 9DO 


Ortglnsi Ste v en g r a ph style silks hanlwovv ta 1965 made 
aval uuse to am 60Bi MrtMay year of The Quern. 1.200 
-Coronation Saks” in full colour. The only remaining ones 
of ibe tJmtted number produced as a stogie commemorative 
issue in Coronatten Year, are being released by B*efrowo«- 
for purchase- These coHecton Rems are tn perfect mini 
condition and QMstrate me crowning of Efiza&eth Q in 
Westminster Abbey. Reply to BOX T64. The Tima. PO 
Box <81 vwrta St. London El 90D- 


fix- the acquisition of private companies. Will 
consider joint ventures with established compa- 
nies currently under financed. Retirement sales 
and management buy-outs especially welcomed. 
Private share puchasers arranged. 

Telephone 01 335 5795 or 486 6139. 


Unnamed 5-Y-O Bay Cddrog by brave urredor 
(USA)/ Just Darina. Probable Cheltenham festival run- 
ner '87. Ideal tor Company advertising purposes. 
15,000 + VAT. Horse sold to stay in yard. 

Andrew Tureen (0235) 533297. 



Telephone 01-948 3424. 

Bridge St, 181 

Low mss. BsautfoP* fasnsbad dhQwsb wHtk ■ reaubiffi 
two rtfico. 

Futhe drites Us aa mp 

(0491) 872131. 


tnvCTbnroi capital o wu to tar Prwrtar DwdpaM pi tha 
(Mr London and Hobw OmAf «a. FtiBKHCWad tv Mai 
durge mart protMfttet- 



nattter (ntamadon on «wt opporeuntuos b avaSaDK on 

tam m nwii wi wnpn 

OJcrncM dealer in Secortaes) l SandfMd Aww. 
RaieroMad. Mottmrtrem NCiB 9AR 
Tel. >0633) T?nO* or oitet 0728 toiler 7282 Ct* hr*) 
Pieaw send details e# BECUIK33 iDveeonents loi- 

Thriving small health food shop 
& living accommodation in 
market town, £46,000. Tel- 
0258 72912. . 




TaK to our eonnAanta. 
For mom detste eet 
AoSrwn Bemud 01-242 0223 

For «retolao» cards. snnB fancy goods to Centra! MJdtands. 
haw opening tar further acoefc/romi I i—rnw of woo artto 
sal— fate test— attractively pnead and — ckaoM. 

Reply to BOX P80 V 

C/O The Times. P O Boot 484. lAgtala Street. London El. 


from £99.50 inclusive 

any Services Ltd 
krona St. London, EC4 

TEL: 01-248 5616 

Abo Company Searches 


In todays modem age or advanced ooramBdcaBons on 
youronnptoiy afftni to lose busiiiasby DM bavmgAatiin- 
tte ad hdexT SSbouette bvftetrtes staioty . install, service 
and train awratan in .telex AiticrtmUe i»cHiNS.ati out 
rtiN purchase, (ease, or rental nationwide. 


prttobdi ni MA Nfirfw popart orders, 

LjIj profit nwrgins, poMnt - nab - fio to, • -tnininMf 
toiih w A . no stock u auiw m a rt «4 aw £100 ptar 
fo profit. Ii pm wort tor yoa too. For dO ffc toad a 
tortSAE to The M c rta i tl o M Itadu S coip i a w Hoote. 
Kifh 31, Turrey. BadfbrdMM3 8DL 

frr 's y ^ 

V . \ 





” a S2^SfL"-] 

QPPQffrmcTY this 

counam tuts ever seen 







market opiions 

it 'isjXKsible to turn 
£1000 info £10,000 
ywy quickly. .Low 
known risk. 

01-930 8732 

^SmaSaaSSS” £1 


«mm» o mcnbv. sac- 

natu i nqn ocmmii ams 

oobn tqdly In r etu r n ror 

•wough nnw or ■niiil mil 
telCM (nuance aestna. 
‘ ggWOlw Ortr. BMW toSWC 

•WHO COMPANY own tarattf 
Mw manufactured 

38MW m 

sssgBg ggsr^ 

, ^<5. WING 

‘wmsaoia ur all 

.S383BKS35! SSL 

1 27801/2180202198 



’■*> . 

* i 
i , • i 

\ -,i a. 1 

.• • A 


<** w-*' ' ■ ’ U 

■*v ; 

r.-tr .V j 


a* ' 
» < * 


‘ ’ 

• J'-.s • 

•a *_ I 


: • 

SuWetf arr*| 

. tome. UcdqaJRH. 


tovomw In mkmob' ^^ 

Ins. «Bi Mnspaot tpprtnus 

-• require*, Mrrtluu at mu v 

conrfdrtnona given to merger 

arwMWv Me. Reply to sax 

' RMM A RKCMtITTMmT Company 

m ■ setf emMoved MndHu 

wotWao etna none. You wu 

rector Dereonnd tor vaanctee 

mottled by us. initial omp. 

mm ES-Ooo. FiendoB mn uq. 

Cow** Hu Bromley Coan- 
toon. Kent. 0M60 9121. 


U-K-"a largut mall aider 

«w»PB«w . offer oastotner 
returns. pool and sxmoker 
taWes. large or mutt quan- 
tities available at huge 
atyo ento . Returned poods 
left- Sivstos and related do 
not sen. Afco thoomb <rf 
was ot various qualities at 
25% off retafl. 

Phone 0244 549444 


Ex man order stocks of 
returned goods indudtna 

dMiing, fti mttnr p 

hard- ware, household, 
toys etc. Offered at huge 

TcL 0244 549444. • 

only to Mr- p. 

wiunsiwr & Co. ernna Ac- 
counlMS. 8 Parfcway. 

NW1 TAA. . 

mooUtiy TT1. Don TC. IS- Sel- 
vage lane. London. NW7 ass 
(01936 8600) 

itart your own mb Ibik on part 
tone bMM (practical pacittio- 

. 'or. manapanem Meant 
Ma rau d? vega United Ol- 
937 9782- 

H D Pnt TT CO Mtt A WV market 
mg long term noMv pDCtriBu 
m shu wtsb to emaud A re- 
quire nanner tor peeitrtaHnn 
Waw reply to BOX Baa ■ 

AtsmoNB opponuan <fid3 

qth fast-growing co. frfl n ra * ; 
Income potential. 0836 692*8 
(Sun) tn 229 OZ76 iwdaym 



London auwrooai tor an your 
goto ptaaed ornery leqntte- 
ments. BeDoka SoUngm ClRo 
t m - 1 1 Praed Street. London 
W2. Tee 01-724 6644. 

-GsMbaoed do page 28 


At an. Extraordinary 

Meeting or tue company beSd at 

10 Ldtovra Street. Guernsey on 

9 Aprfl 1986 a BreotuMon was* 

BUM nm«jrtn>ar*Uy to accept m 

otter tram Me(N Engtneertng S A 
for the ordtoary gam or the 
Company of £120 per otd to q ty 

Stock OMce Sender 

20 OM Broad Street 

London QC2N 1EJ 
Offer open until 9 May 1986, 

may emndv u* N e w . tor 

WMch Metal Engineering S A has 

-agreed -to pay £6 per dPWN 

Ordinary snares should be cum 
CDunoa 48 JM al other am 

tntoMvt up to date HKtng of 
OKU— c M ees. TekstooorO* 
77X143 nr write to Francliise 
Opponnnmes, 26A HKtt Street. 
Cheebam Bucks HPX5 XEP. 


Deferred wares sbottot be ana 
coupon 82 and all other tnaaa 
lured " » »" *" Mniw n 
A. Vlasta 
Segstay. ■ 


Notice Is hereby ton that tbe 
twraty-Coaxtb annual gencrel 
mtMm af The Rto Thm^int 
Corpcrenaa PLC wfl be held at 

WS a*» Wednesday 21 May I9B6- 
at P.Tbn tor.. Ilia toBm-tog 


1. To consider and. if tbonght cl 


to hind mB rt t to 'dwtooptnefa 
of WiMM ff a cfrori c 
campoiwm. This is a ftok ck 
vBStnwMwiOi high ganangs 
Princ ipto a otNy. 

■ i..j. . .rr.\-z -i . 


tor dhtobas be and are hereby 
Wgaieeagy amhot leM toaccor- 
tow wan . Section 80 of the 
Companies Atr 19BB unto the 
Cnncrtnton of the nod awtl 

general meettogof 1 
tottowingtn* mm 

M 2 M 7 N 28 

1 PHMng or this rmo- 
hmon to •«* retevact securto ea 

Si oo m "iio^Sa.'iraS 

Dd mai e ii P ky se cm t i tesinay only 

be alMOBd wholly tor caRi: 

. (U tn oounedion wOb an odfer or 
suaisenrWes by way or rwasto 
holder* of ordinary Sum and 




AKSfttts oear fO jwsrs st 8- 

10% Mtosst only. E15OJ0QQ 

01-248 0443 

ibe regluer on a record date find 
by the director* in n re p on to M to 
such botdenf - then OokUnga of 




fl&000 repays ttbnhmn. 
of £40000 over next year. 
Trading gtoap seBhio a 
product wMh a gnanmleed 
market, sell {Bracing omw 
operafiooal. ReA> In BOX 

cqrtaes oursuam do and to n l u g 
the period of toe authority cot>- 
ttswd in n a regrapb uOah omasIf 

Ad 1966 did nee aytfy to any 




By prapflfty dswefopmant 
company. 20% ratum. 
Loan sacutad. 

For detafis T«t 
. 0725 20275 


of prepeny Fbwnce. 

We ewt heto you. 01 9306476 
4 W f BB T.UaM apd eouayth 
nan eg a re oa r ttomn*- Tel 
0*91 671270. 


anti the company may make an 
offer or apraMoen* before the ex- 
pire of tots authority and power 
which wmdd or nttgbt require gg- 
mriftti or other rdnant 
sccnrsia to be aiMtM aKH- auch 
expiry- Bam— MUM in 
Section 80 or tat thecas* may bo) 
Secnom a»94 of the Ca m oanto* 
Act 1986 Dm 0 bear the same 
tan a i dn fl* in Mi mdutto*. 
2 . to re-elect me dtre ctu r a. 

4 To resapnotnt W audbota. 
a. To canttMT me GomDanye ac- 
counts and the rawh of the 
directors and nwTtto r * tor the 
year ended 81 December 1985 
and to declare a dividend on the 
ordinary shares. 

A i wen qw MDHid to .attend and 
rote si the meeting a emitted to 
appoint one or more grades to 
attend and. on a noO. vote tnsiead 
ot him- A proxy need not be a 
m e m be r of the Coraaaor- Th*tm 
sir unseat aonotnttng a MW. 
together woh any power or attor- 
ney under wtacb R S stoned, 
should reach the transfer office of 
the company, ai the Horen 
shown in Now 3. not leaf dan *8 
hoars before the tone anMUUed 
tor h ei dl ng to* meetlno- 
By order of the Board. 

F S MOW. Secretary. 

6 Sr James's Square. 

LdoOoq SW1Y 4LD. 

33 APra 1986. - - - 


x. Only holders of the erd l nmY or 

of to* atonun of toe m eean g. 
3 A holder of a ware warrant » 
Dearer, who desire* ekher to at 

eambipf £300 P-w. Tet | 

0633 6374i6or wrtteernem A 
Sorest. 3 Mas Avenue, wwr 
Anfcley. wndigi UT5 IHF. 




200 rtpfoduetton 

antique Bow 

drew* £aOcncfi Nos vat. 6CC 
bedside cupboards £16 aart 
plus VAT. Tel: BMSnvSI* An- 
tiques 098 122 269. 

fxuDMOMt mam, op 

diiertrr. II EjOeandAtowetc* 
pHrie 12 bnesano 33 *«m. Coat 
over £6000- 

£1.950. Abo t eeMmHe. JDsBIIs. 
0934 470767 

i tte lw a' Betel of 

BSZ 6NT. «l least 48 hours 

before ttw meentig 4 written re- 
ouect tor the issue or toe Mekai 
, <aad. Jf dedred. a Ann of tnotyf 
areal I together with eoher the Share 
mn*- 1 wamMaracertincaiedgnedliy 

wRMD me UX. me oannel to- 
lands «r the We of Man among 
that the Share warrant K to the 

I ler .me close of toe meeting. K the 

WW la to he 

I must be cwnMMed and reftnxd 
[to the transfer office an an to be 
[ received of least 48 boon Before 

_■ witto 

_ or any of its UK 

uhd be avbiiaWe tor 

wmecHon at to* registered office 
of toe ~ 

fMCBtell from the date of thin no- 
tice unto me defe of the a ummf 
and at the Grot- 


.PrdrfIM dtoto- 

wniH if i touwk 3 Bd 
oak tMf* 

Write tor *li b * 
'reremA Cewreu,e«me 
-AM OreW ft* k 

» Oturrh. screw. .Dtoawsjvwn 

*• ** 0^723 

the Bwm ML 
A To fadfftaie entey Jnto Die 

meetlagalMreboMers are reqnM- 
ed » otfng wWi mem tor 

aQoutancr card whkti is attached 

10 Be proxy an d. 


The ‘ Annual end -Soed e l 
MrIM of ShntooMii* Of 
arntoi UmfUd wl be BeU to 
the (hgaicy BA Room. Mezza- 
nine level. Ftoar Seasons. HoteL 
31 Avanne Road. TorunttL Catl» 
na. on WfCW'S&Y M»y7 iw»at 

11 ut, Toronto tone. 

Cook* of aw aa mmi r epofT. 

1 4L-01UMP to tnr offices of- 
awing BHben * Co.. LhnHed. 

a B aio p wm a. 

• LobdOP. EC8N 4AE- 





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GATED as tto day of Apri. MBS. 


London. SW1P.3EB. 

to PwataM ONato fte Hauu to 


(keen tarns Cbantten. 
3 Dea Fttnr Sbw. 

London. SWIM 9LG. 
PafWmencoT Ageto 

Chrysler chief plays poker 
with Japanese competitors 

Mr Lee Iacocca, the chair- 
man of Chrysler Corporation, 
says the startline shift in the 
yen -dollar relationship has re- 
vived. the United States car 

For the first time in more 
than five years, the yen's sharp 
rise against the dollar has 
given US companies “a level 
playing field" to rake on a 
team of tough Japanese com- 
petitors. “I am in Lhe poker 
game of my life.” says Mr 
laccoca. who has been men- 
tioned as a possible presiden- 
tial candidate. 

Mr Iacocca’s assessment 
that the stakes are high is 
reflected in the latest figures. 
Last year, US car companies 
earned a combined profit of $8 
billion (£5 3 billion) on sales 
of SI 70 billion, selling a total 
of 8-2 million cars, me same 
volume as in 1979. 

But over the last six years, 
sales of imported cars jumped 
by 21.6 per cent toa record 2.8 
million units. This trend is 
continuing. The Commerce 
Department estimates that 
imports could capture up to 36 
per cent of the domestic 
market by 1988. 

At present on a 10-city tour 
to promote Chrysler^ new 
tine of jHTxlucts, Mr Iacocca 
laces bis business talk with a 
“buy American” message. 

If the yen settles in the 170- 
180 range against the dollar 
and Japanese companies, as 
expected, raise their car prices 
by as much as S 1,000 per unit 
over the next six months, US 
car makers will have the 
opportunity to recapture do- 
mestic market share, Mr 
Iacocca says. 

In the process, they hope to 
staunch the steady flow of job 
Josses and car component 

LEISUREWEAR: No dividend 
for 1985 (l-25pj. Turnover 
£5.87 million (£7.44 million). 
Pretax loss £54.000 (£297.500 
profit). Loss per share Q.4p (2.3p 

Assurance has purchased 1.75 
mjjfion ordinary shares and is 
now interested in 8.45 million 
ordinary shares (25.41 percent). 

Plan for 

' ByRobRodweH 

British Midland Airways 
will announce a new subsid- 
iary airline within the next 
three weeks, the chairman and 
chief executive, Mr Michael 
Bishop, said in Belfast 

It is believed the new com- 
pany will have a distinct 
regional identity similar to the 
present two junior airlines in 
the three-company group, 
Manx airline and the Scottish 
operator Loganair. 

British Midland operates its 
subsidiaries as tight, largely 
autonomous entities that do 
not have to carry large central 
overheads ■ 

Mr Bishop announced a £9 
million order for three more 
Short 360 commuter airliners 
which will enter service al- 
most immediately to join the 
six which his three companies 
already operate. 


Distillers: Mr John Connell 
has become president and Mr 
Ernest W Saunders chairman. 
Mr Victor J Steel, Mr Shana 
Dowling and Mr Thomas J 
Ward have also joined the 

First Independent Corpo- 
rate Finance: Mr Roy E 
Treacher has been named as a 

Watson, Farley & Williams: 
Mr S R Curtis, Mr D N 
Osborne and Mr P G Call are 
to become partners. 

Lawrence Graham: Mr N 
Marshall and Mr Roger N H 
Benson are to join the 

Price Waterhouse: Mr Ian C 
Adam' is to be partner in 
change of the Scottish practice. 
He will succeed Mr Alec G 
Campbell who will transfer 
from Glasgow to London to 
become director of finance: 

Cornhifl Insurance: Mr Ju- 
lian Faber becomes chairman. 
Mr D Bremkamp and Dr D 
Brelpohl are to be directors. 




ABN 10.50* 

Attain & Company 1050% 

BCC1 1050% 

Citibank Savngst 11.95% 

ConsoJKtaiEd Dos -11.110% 

Continental Trust.-. 10.50% 

Co-cperatiw Bank 10i0% 

a Howe & co iom 

LLnyOs Bank 10.50% 

N« Westminster 10.50% 

Royal Bank at Scotland 1050% 

7SB - 10.50% 

Citibank NA 10.50% 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 

High stakes: Lee Iacocca with a “buy American** message 

company figures which has 
transformed Detroit and other 
Middle Western cities inio the 
“rust bowl” of America. 

This is Mr Iacocca' s game 
plan. Unlike General Motors 
Company, which jolted the 
industry this month by an- 
nouncing a 2L9 per cent price 
increase, Chrysler plans to cut 
prices, by almost $800 a unit 
on small cars and add $684 
worth of extra equipment at 
no charge. 

The price of rts smaller 
models will be reduced to 
$5,499, making them the low- 
est priced American cars, low- 
er than comparably equipped 
Japanese cars. Ford Motor 
Company has also decided to 
ignore GM’s move and stay 
with lower prices. 

Meanwhile, Chrysler in- 
tends to take advantage of the 
collapse in world oil prices by 
marketing more of the big V-8 
engine cars on which profit 
margins are the highest 

“We have thrown our ener- 
gy policy right out the win- 
dow. I think we are playing 
into the hands of the 

ration of Petroleum Exporting 
Countries by getting hooked 
ag ain on cheap gas but I am 
not one who will pass up 
cheap gas profits,** Mr Iacocca 

At 61, after almost 40 years 
in the industry, Mr Iacocca is 
optimistic that US car compa- 
nies are making a comeback. 

During the first quarter of 
this year, Chrysler had record 
sales of $5.8 billion and 
earned a profit of $356.9 
million. Down from the first 
quarter last year, but still the 
third best quarter in the 
company's history. 

Its market share has risen 
from 10.2 per cent to 12.2 per 
cent in three years. For these 
eflbrts, Mr Iacocca is paid a 
controversial salary of $1.8 
million a year. He recently 
cashed in on stock options 
which earned him $9.8 mil- 

But to stage the comeback, 
Detroit has been forced to 
make big changes in its opera- 
tions which have blurred the 
distinctions between imported 
and domestic cars in a manner 


An agreed offer is to be made for 
Can verm oor. Teims: for every 
ordinary share either 95p in cash 
or 95p nominal of variable-rate 
loan notes. 1987/89. valuing the 
ordinary capital at £3.92 

ERTY: Total dividend for 1985 
a6p (0.S5pX Pretax profit 
£528.000 (£487,000). Earnings 
per share 1.99p (1.96p). 

• AKZO: Sales for the first 
quarter of 1986 4.072.8 million 
ft (4.691.2 million flj. Net 
income 218.7 million fl (£58 
million), against 256.1 million 
fl- Earnings per share 5.49 fl 
(6.44 fl). 

Dividend 2.5p (nil). Period to 
Dec. 31. 1985. compared with 
the period to FA. 28. 1985. 
Turnover £6.94 million (£6.96 
million). Pretax profit £345.013 

which has reshaped the US car 
industry- ,. . . 

Through a complicated web 
of joint ventures and cross- 
partnerships. US companies 
are increasingly buying and 
reselling cars of making them. 
All of lhe big US companies 
depend, in some form or 
another, on foreign suppliers. 

“The name of the game is to 
shop the world,” Mr Iacocca 
says. Chrysler, for example, 
has joint venture arrange- 
ments with Japan's Mitsubishi 
company. Mr Iacocca esti- 
mates Chrysler’s products are 
90 per cent American made 
and 10 per cent foreign made. 

But by 1990. Mr Iacocca 
estimates the foreign made 
component of Chrysler cars 
will almost double to 18 per 

This is the trend of the US 
industry: a domestic retrench- 
ment which will result in the 
loss of manufacturing capacity 
of an estimated 30 per cent or 
2.5 million cars over the next 
five years. 

Bailey Morris 

• POCHIN'S: Interim divi- 
dend 4p (same), payable July 1. 
Turnover for the half-year to 
Nov. 30. J9SS, £11.31 million 
(£1 1.6 million |. Pretax profit on 
ordinary activities £352.000 
(£333.000). Earnings per share 
33.8p (32. Op). 

WEAR): Total dividend for the 
year to Jan. 31. 1986. 2.75p 
(2.5p). Turnover £10.29 million 
(£9.14 million). Pretax profit 
£41 1.000 (£310.000). 


Invitation to the 
Annual General Meeting 

Notice is hereby given that 

the Annual General Meeting 

will be held at 10 a. m.. on Tuesday. 3rd June 1986, 

at the Jahrhunderthalle Hoechst, 

Frankfurt am Main 


1. Presentation of the Annua) Report and Accounts of 
Hoechst Akflengesellschaft for 1985, with the Report of 
the Supervisory Board, and the Consolidated Report 
and Accounts for 1985. 

2. Allocation of the profit available for dividend. 

ft is proposed to pay a dividend of DM 10.- per share 
of DM 50.- nominal for the financial year 1985. 

3. Ratification of the actions of the Board of Manage- 
ment for 1985. 

4. Ratification of the actions of the Supervisory Board 
for 1985. 

5. Election to the Supervisory Board. 

6. Resolution that the Board of Management be 
authorised until 2nd June 1991. with the approval of 
the Supervisory Board, to increase the share capital by 
up to DM 250 million by the issue of new shares 
against contributions in cash, and to decide on the 
exclusion of the subscription right of shareholders in 
specific cases. 

7. Election of auditors for the financial year 1986. 

The full agenda, including the proposed resolutions, is 
contained in the Bundesanzeiger no. 77 of 24th April. 

Shareholders wishing to be present and to vote at the 
Meeting must comply with Article 14 of the Articles of 
Association and deposit their share certificates during 
usual business hours by Friday, 30th May 1986, at the 
latest until after the Meeting, at one of the depositories 
listed in the Bundesanzeiger no. 77 of 24th April 1986. 
or, in the United Kingdom, at the offices of 

S. G. Warburg & Co. Ltd. 

33. King William Street 
London EC4R 9AS 

Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft 
Frankfurt am Main, April 1986 

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During my. years in manu- 
facturing industry I have "been 
observing the process of ect>- 

nomic growth from the 
“inside” It is the same within 
a nation or within on e 

At any point there are two 
types of industry, one mature 
ftgtand based on old technology, 
and the other based on new 

The two sectors, however, 
have quite different character- 
iitics, and depend on one 
another. These two factors 
carry crucial lessons for 

Take the mature sector first. 
This consists of industries 
belonging to the first and 
second industrial revolutions: 
coal, steel, railways, textiles 
k and shipbuilding from the 
first; oil, cars, a ircraft, electri- 
cal, -and organic chemistry 
from the second. 

. The emphasis in these is on 
Wmjiroving processes, product 
design and productivity in an 
environment in which output 
has either settled down to a 
small annual growth or is 

v Yearly adjustment 
could reduce the 
parnof maturity 

; actually declining. Tbe result 
i must be a decline in the 
number of employees. 

Agriculture sets the scene. 
In 1850 there were two million 
farm workers, a high propor- 
ph lion of the total working 
■’ 1 population of the time. Today 
the numbers are down to 
almost 300,000, excluding the 
self-employed, and are still 
falling . But productivity has 
increased manyfold. 

This trend is affecting all 
mature industries. The coal 
industry at its peak in 1920 
employed well over one mil- 
lion people. This has steadily 
; declined to fewer than 200,000 
today, and if all pits mafehed 
„ tbe productivity of the latest 
high-tech pit at Ashfordby, it 
_ is possible that there would be 
productive employment for 
fewer than 50.000. 

It has taken longer for tbe 
impact to be felt in industries 
.-gf the second revolution, but 
\hey have certainly had. a 
painful shakeout is the last 
few years, one that might have 
been avoided if they made 
adjustments on a steady annu- 
al basis. 

ICI reduced its United 
Kingdom workforce from 

lustrial survival needs 
technology initiative 

Britain led the first industrial revolution but is in 
danger of missing ont on the latest move to high 
technology .After n lifetime in management, 
Particularly at Tube IkvestBBents and IBM, Frank 
GtoJones argues that Britian needs a positive 
poficyto promote new industries if it hi to stay in 
the world industrial nee. 

90.000 in 1979 to fewer than 

60.000 in 1984, and profits 
quadrupled over that period. 
Rank Xerox reduced employ- 
ment in its Gloucester plant 
from 4,800 to 1.200 over the 
same period and yet increased 
the output of copiers from 
J 8,000 a year to 80,000. 

Today Rank Xerox claims 
that this plant matches the 
best in Japan, but the race 
never stands still. Large yati» 
manufacturing is internation- 
al and to stay in the'league 
improvements in productivi- 
ty, and hence reductions in 
manning levels, must go on 
and on. . 

The other sector consists of 
new industries based on new 
technology, such as electronics 
and computers, genetics, and 
automation. It is character- 
ized by a rapid increase in 
both output and employment. 
Almost all new non-services 
employment is created in this 

There is a strong interde- 
pendence between the two 
"■ sectors. The mature depends 
on the new for new ideas, 
processes and products. The 
new industries need the ma- 
ture industries as their 

' ■The new sector attracts 
people with high technology 
and entrepreneurial skate. 
This creates a kind of upward 
suction movement through- 
out the economy. Talented 
people in the older sector are 
attracted to the new industries 

its place. New industries move 
into a phase of rapid growth, 
- weD above the national aver- 
age. and then become engines 
of growth . for the whole 

This process was clearly 
visible in the 1930s, when car 
and electrical goods business- 
es had very high growth rates 
and were prime instruments 
in reducing unemploymenL 

How is it today that compa- 
nies tike IBM and large Japa- 
nese corporations can 
guarantee foil employment, 
even increase employment, 
and yet improve their produc- 
tivity? It is because they are 
continuously introducing new 
products and moving into new 

The process makes for cor- 
porate and national health. If 
a ration does not produce 
high technology products it- 
self it has to depend on 
imports or ' oil foreign 

Another difference between 
tbe two sectors is the manner 
in which they create employ- 
ment and weaflh. A farm 
worker creates employment 
for approximately one other 

The Society of Motor Man- 
ufacturers and Traders com- 
missioned' a study which 
indicated that for every one 
man engaged in the manufac- 
ture of vehicles, four indirect 
Jobs were created. 

There have not been many 
studies on the multiplier effect 

New industries become engines 
of growth for the economy 

and the 'vacuum that they 
create gives opportunities for 
others to be trained and to 
rise, and this works right 
through the economy. 

The two sectors represent 
different phases in the life 
cycle of the same industry, 
although the time scale short- 
ens with each successive 

As one industry begins to 
tail off in terms of employ^ 
ment and then in output, a 
new one has to be boro to take 

of high-technology industries, 
but a very crude survey of my 
own shows that every man 
making final products creates 
force jobs in components, 
another right or so in market- 
ing, R&D, finance and head 
office functions, and more 
again in servicing, supplies, 
consultancy, software and 

Higher salaries, too, are 
paid in the. high-tech indus- 
tries and it must surely be true 
that someone earning £20,000 


a. year indirectly creates twice 
as much employment, 
through spending, as one earn- 
ing £10.000. Thus high tech- 
nology creates far more 
service jobs. We have to create 
200.000 jobs in making final 
products to produce two mil- 
lion new jobs in all! 

The American economy 
bears witness to this. Some 30 
per cent of the working popu- 
lation in the United States 
produce all the goods and 
account for about 43 per cent 
of the national income. 

That puts the service sector 
in perspective. Unlike the 
British pattern, the number 
engaged in manufacturing in 
the US has remained constant 
for years at about 19 million, 
but within that group there 
has been a swing of employ- 
ment from mature to new 
industries, a swing to high- 
value products and high-sala- 
ry employees. 

The key to growth, to 
employment, to raising living 
standards is industry based on 
new technology. We led the 
world in the first industrial 

Fiscal measures 
alone will not 
save Britian 

revolution, kept up in the 
second but have failed in the 
third. If we cannot master the 
third, we shall surely never 
move on to the fourth. 

We need to build up indus- 
tries that will hold at least a 6 
per cent share of world mar- 
kets in products such a$ the 
persona! computers, laser 
copiers/printers, voice/data 
telephones, mass computer 
storage devices, and other 
products on which are based 
multi-billion pound 

We cannot be leaders in all 
but we must have a strong 
presence in some. 

In the Thirties infrastruc- 
ture spending meant roads. 
Today it means a digital 
telephone network, something 
that would give British high- 
tech industry an advantage. 

The problem is one of 
people's skills — entrepreneur- 
ial, management and techni- 
cal But tax cuts, zero inflation 
programmes, investment 
banks, reflation, will of them- 
selves do little to address the 
crisis that - faces ns as oil 
revenues decline, unless there 
is a national programme to 
provide new industry. _. 

The British Bank of the Middle East 

; We can view your Bank’s future with optimism.’ 

- ; V. C. R- Sandberg ■ C. B-E-. Chairman 

u ■’ *•, ^ 


Financial Highlights 





Share Capital and Reserves 



Profit for the year after taxation 



Dividend Paid 



Total Assets 



1 1985 was a difficult year for the Middle East and one which 
dictated a period of consolidation for the Bank. 

Although profits for the year are down on those for 1 984. the 
final figures of most branches were well ahead of forecasts, 
and there is still cause for satisfaction with the Bunk's overall 

The result was significantly affected by the strength of 
sterling, the translation effect of which is also reflected in the 
size oflhe balance sheet and in the level of attributable 
reserves held in the books of the Banks associated company. 
In the same way, although customer deposits in the branches 
increased satisfactorily, the balance sheet being in sterling 
does not show this. 

In several countries, the Bank effected a large scale 
rationalisation of its operations, and as a result a more 
efficient deployment of resources is already yielding 

* At a time when non-performing loans in the region 
are starting to proliferate, a large part ot the Bank s 
business is still essentially trade-relared. and its 
exposure on the property' market remains low. 

i The Bank has been established in the region for several 
generations and enjoys a solid and loyal customer base; 
u is better placed than many other financial institutions 
to weather this difficult period and can view the future 
with optimism. 

i The Bank's consolidated after-tax published profit 
declined to £13.417.000 compared with £28.855.000 in 
1984. The Director* have proposed a final dividend of 
£0.073 per share on the increased capital of 1 00.000.000 
shares: an interim dividend of fO.Ufti per share was paid 
on the 75. 000.000 shares then issued. The total 
distribution for the year will amount to £12.1100.000. 
The consolidated capital and reserve accounts now 
total £172.333.0tHl compared with £152.927 .000 at 
31 December 1984. 

The British Bankof the Middle East 

Bahrain • Djibouti • India • Jordan • Lebanon 
Oman ■ Qatar • Switzerland • United Arab Emirates 
United Kingdom 


flWnferrHongkdngBanli group 

London Branches: Falcon Home. ISC Chtimi S treet- London WIYSAl. TeU 111-193 SAJI'T- 195 Brampton Road. l-ondunSUS ll.Z. Td:0J-5K| 03=1/6 

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Strategic strengths 



Profit before 

equity basis 

1985 1984 

£ milli on £ million 

717 676 

447 429 


attributable to 0 

RXZ shareholders Z50 ZiD 

76.Mp 69.59p 

Dividends per 

orthnaiy share 

22p 20p 

“Another satisfactory year when, in spite of difficulties, there 
was a further advance in earnings.” 

“In all three of our complementary business sectors - metals, 
industry and energy —we have underlying strengths and 
clear plans for the future.” 

“ During 1 985 the benefits of organisational changes became 
increasingly evident . . . speed of evaluation, decision-making 
and action within a disciplined framework.” 

“The diversity of RTZ activities . . . mark it out as one of the 
world’s major companies and a vital influence on the 
husbanding and harnessing of natural resources.” 

“ If lower oil prices are maintained for any length of time there is 
a strong possibility of a stimulation of economic activity . . . 
we are well placed to profit from any significant up-turn.” 

Chairman, Sir Aljsiair Frame, and Chief Executive, Derek Birkin, m RTZ’s 1985 Annual Report, 

copies of which are available from Central Registration Limited, 1 Redcliff Street, Bristol BS1 6NT. 


Mining and smelting of most major metals 
worldwide. These include sizeable 
proportions of the world output of 
aluminium, copper, gold, iron ore, lead, 
silver, and zinc . Metals contributed 
£63 million to RTZ’s net attributable profit 
. last year. 


Mining and processing of borates and other 
industrial and speciality- chemicals. 
Construction, engineering, cement 
manufacturing, and home improvement 
products. This sector contributed £144 
million to RTZ’s net attributable profit. 


Energy raw materials, predominantly coal, 
oil, gas and uranium. Its contribution 
to RTZ’s net attributable profit was 
£92 million. 

Note: contributions are shown before deduction for 
exploration and research, miscellaneous costs and taxes 
on dividends. 

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Motoring by Clifford Webb 

Range Rover offers frugal luxury 

At the Turin Motor Show 
this week Land Rover 
launched the most important 
new vehicle to leave the 
Solihull factory for many 
years, a 2.4 litre turbo-charged 
diesel-powered Range Rover. 

The luxury cross-country 
transport has won many 
hearts over the years with its 
unique combination of splen- 
did comfort and go-anywhere 
performance. But even the 
green “wellied" brigade whose 
RRs crowd the car park at 
every point-to-point have 
been known to complain 
about petrol consumption. 

They are right It takes a lot 
of power to move 2.5 tons of 
vehicle on good roads, never 
mind glutinous cross-country 
mud and retain the ability to 
negotiate terrifying gradients. 

Talking to RR owners (they 
like being confused frith own- 
ers ofa certain car sporting the 
same initials) will elicit con- 
sumption figures varying from 
12 mpg to over 20 mpg. My 
experience suggests something 
around 16 mpg. 

But now we have a Range 
Rover that, according to the 
makers, will average 25 mpg 
in all conditions and more 
than 30 mpg at motorway 
cruising speeds. It has to be a 
big seller, particularly on the 
Continent where diesel is a 
major threat to petrol for all 
forms of transport. 

I borrowed one of the first 
examples to leave the factory 
last weekend. For those whose 
ear is not yet tuned to the 
clatter of a diesel, the initial 
start-up is a shock. It is also 
noticeably slower off the 
mark. Once the revs reach 
3,000 rpm. however, the tur- 
bo-boost is vigorous and ac- 
celeration through the gears 
pleasantly robust. 

It wjlJ more than bold its 
own in the give and take of 
fast urban roads and cruise at 
SO mph with ease and surpris- 
ing quietness. Indeed, once 
underway the diesel clatter 
reduces considerably. - • 

The new engine has been 
extensively developed and has 
improved torque and overall 
power. At £18,886 the Range 
Rover Turbo-D costs £1.223 
more than the petrol version, 
but will soon recoup, that in 
fuel saved and enhanced sec- 
ond-hand value. But in terms 
of power “on tap” there is no 
comparison with the V8 petrol 
and those contemplating buy- 
ing one for “off-road” work 
would do well to remember 

British design 

Even those readers with a 
modest imprest in the world of 
cars will recognize the names 
of famous .Italian styling 
houses like Guigiaro and 
Pinin farina. Yet how many 
have heat’d of their British 
rival. International Automo- 
tive Design, which in (ess than 
10 years has grown from a 
four-man team to a company 
with more than 57 0 

It now proudly claims to be 
the largest automotive styling 
company in Europe and 
counts most major car makers 
among its customers. But 
unlike the Italian competition 
it has not employed high- 
powered PR machines to 
“milk" every drop of publicity 
out of its designs- Secrecy is 
essential up to launch date and 
sometimes later with diems 
who prefer to hide their use of 
outside help. 

The latter stipulation is 
seldom applied in the case of 
the Italians. Their names are 
big enough selling factors for 
the client to want to associate 
them with his new car. 

Now IAD feels strong 
enough to beat its own publici- 
ty drum and has chosen to 
take the fight to the Italians at 
the Turin Motor Show this 
week. Its space-age .Alien two- 
seater sports car. described by 
one British engineer as “the 
first major break with the 
traditional design of a car this 
century”, attracted enormous 

• . - A -A "X-:' ■■ 

IAD’s Alien: Designing the look of the future 


Porsche 944 Turbo: Elevated to Supercar status 

interest with the engine and 
other mechanicals boused in a 
“power pod” separated from 
the bubble-like passenger 

Road test: 

Porsche 944T 

For many Porsche enthusi- 
asts the ageless beelle-like 91 1 
with its rear-mounted, air- 
cooled flat six engine will 
always be the only “real” 
Porsche. They hint that those 
who critidze its quirky han- 
dling and heavy controls are 
less than manly. Among the 
latter they lump owners of its 
younger and more mild-man- 
nered brother, the front-en- 
gined 944. 

They will have to modify 
those views now. The arrival 
of the new 944 Turbo has 
elevated this respected 2 + 2 
sports car into that small and 
exlusive group worthy of the 
label “Supercars.” 

It should be said at the 
outset, however, that this is no 
muscle-bound monster which 
has to be driven everywhere 
with blasts of throttle and lots 
of arm twirling. It will whisk 
you along as gently as any 
family saloon with only the 
smallest physical effort re- 
quired to operate the power 

Given its head, however, 
and the difference is startling. 
The normally aspirated 944 
will accelerate from a standing 
start to 62 mph in 8.4 seconds 
and exceed 137 mph. The 2.5 
turbo reduces that to 6.3 
seconds and tops 150 mph 
easily. And it does it with a 
minimum of turbo lag. Until 
the turbo comes in it does not 
have the initial punch of the 
911. but soon makes up the 
difference running it dose at 
60 mph and is marginally 
faster flat out 

It does all this in a con- 
trolled, vice-free way that 91 1 
owners never experience and 
is still remarkably frugal. I 
returned 26 mpg, induding a 

fast motorway journey inter- 
spersed win congested city 

Like all supercars the 944 
turbo's suspension is firm, but 
the engineers at Stuttgart have 
man aged to combine incredi- 
ble road holding and handling 
with a ride which if not in the 
Jaguar class is outstanding for 
a high performance sports car. 

The new seats are a far cry 
from the early Porsche efforts. 
Although still not over gener- 
ous in dimension they offer 
excellent comfort and lateral 
support. The driver’s seat is 
adjustable electronically in 
three dimensions, with a sim- 
ple rocker switch set into tire 
side. . _ . 

Vital Statistics. . 

Model: Porsche 944 Turbo 
Price: £27,546 

Engine: 2479cc, 4-cylinder 

Performance: 0 to 62 mph 63 
seconds, maximum speed 152 

Official consumption: urban 
23 mpg, 56 mph 41.5 mpg and 
75 mph 33.3 mpg 
Length: 13.9 feet 
I nsurance: group 9 

Raising the steering wheel 
by half an inch and reshaping 
the seats has improved the 
driving position noticeably. 1 
am less happy, however, about 
the lay out of the new fascia. 
Too many of the instruments 
are hidden by the thick, 
leather-covered steering wheel 
and can only be seen by 
crouching or lifting yourself 
into a new driving position. 

The rear seats are really 
only meant for children. 
Adults are liable to do them- 
selves a serious mischief when 
trying to climb out after even a 
short journey. 

There is surprising room in 
the shelf-like luggage space 
under the big glass hatchback 
and it can be usefully extended 
by folding -the rear head rests 
forward on to their seats. 


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vratori 4 Ooor Vogu* Auto * 
air ceno. DBwoe Blue. ^SOO 
mHn. £154260. 0*76 

700771QI/62S41 OU T 

bjumc m m voooc. bt» 
Derwent blue, ar coo. kjw 
mlleaer. £13.780. w m Tfe 
■02961 »7171 tofOcrJ or 103961 
67519 OiatBM. 

Rev- RM. iXOO nkka. extras, 
hifi. £aaoo ono. New cos. 
£13000. Td 01-941 6716. 


Phone for you new and 
approved wad BMW re- 
quirements. 4 ww Mei 
from juncaon 11 Ml. 

61582) 576622 


BMW 520i 

1983. SBver. ExcepUon- 
atly fast car. in 
tomaefltate ooodftton. 
One owner. FuD sendee 
record. Etodrtc win- 
dows and mirrors, 
sunroof. aaereo/CHBette. 
Central lockmo system. 
Tafc (0580) 240025. 

QM 635 C9 

met, AC. ESR -tSO. toured 
w n unM c n. FTs. smeal-dtays. 
heoyfe. tnDr BtmcBtaL • 
C1BJM. . 

For M spec Onanca and PX W 

TBL 621 93 208 (Hfedw4- 

*21 MAI W AL 1980L Mmerva 
Btne/TBTtBi & BbcoB Mainer. 
66.000 MM. FSH. Paaa eonlc . 
Air CQBd- New P7 tyiw. 

0227 360102. ' ' 

MX SC TAKOA 1902 X. WWfe 
unoo min Co. cMdnnara 
CM-. C o m wM ve AFN [ewfeev mb - 
tory. Now lares, tmmaga^e- 
New ponebe comine. £16.996. 
Ttei 998 1761 fence, cn 340 
6240 hotae. 


jane 1986. n onwee 
metaWc/n rown Mmteer mfete 
mitt extras- 5.000 retta 
only. » new. £ar.96a Tel 
' KDOWtc <056451 70247. 

*24 LUX C res- 86. OuaTOs red. 
etcctrtc sunroof. Pkwec r tun a. 
Extras total £3.000 toinatu- 
niecoiMnoR. “f-5»aoi-3ra 
1142 I Office). 01-309 0909 


IU SC SPMBT A n» * tx» 
miles ofey. guards red. fun ser- 
vice »m»or y. 2 p wphs. 
tmrMcutate mroufewfe. PX 
poncM wejeasr. 

TUenHowe 0267 483500. 

•24 LUX. 1979 Metaflto Grey. 
S/Poof, dec Windows. 2 own- i 
<n RM/Cwene. Oec PBnor. ' 
Serclcea Wyk lM. £4.996. | 
Tel: SUUies (81) 57994 Emm. 

wane /tan mt. ES8. ae-ooo 
nds. New duicn. ExceBesa Oem- 
todoo. £1 1.26a CMOanecd 
. 6196 evas/wfeena 

MX SC TAMM T M. Stock. 
4 BjOOO mnes. eae owner. FSL 
unenil nnft taw snrvic e d- 
£10.660 ano. Tetosttane: <n- 
789 4570. 

■Bn. 19B3. 


320IA 86 MODEL 
4 door 

400 miles. Arctic 
Blue. PAS. ESR. E/- 
winds. C-L. Stereo. 

w unan a Hm aanbimt 
A Rev *83. Sun roof. Sfereo. OT- 
ndal Porsche warxrtee. 22000 
rots. £9.500. 0666 SOTOS 

Ml SC SP OUT. 83. KMn MeW- 
Itc Red- 57300 mis. FSH. 
£10X100 S runn l w *. 2 owass. 
Tet 01660 0218. 936 1041 


’ ;■ 

r ! 

-Xij »■ 

jjl ^ 


IMS j umc n JAVCLBL Above 
££260. 0364-62530 (Devon). 


Save up to' £2500 

‘Hi r-sU ::-.c l!w«: 'jf.’eis ■ 

— ;:r — i.'r, -ni t! ’<••• ;.v 


■Sereidnfl local to 
f u® manofocrurere warranty 
•Mam dealer supplied 
*Ooa oefivery - anywnere m 
the UK 

*re prices quoted on ton 

•No tsdden extras 
•Part exekanpe passtoie 
-Exceueni tnsnea booties 
•UK S upnbed 

01-858 8220 

061-797 37S7 

I J f, T.l 

Nhb Palhe U SO. 
fsUN Cm. 

Uetfec Stuer. c oum t e d tar nt>e«J 
our nnve«s>a wi easy access 
ramus and wanted root 

hxwfl qfety <x> 1383 VM m rasM 


061-797 3757 


Saw £££ Of most makes 
You coM not buy a new 
imported car si a more retiabb 
& safer way. Guaranteed km 
prices. Based on the lowest 
continental kst pnea + extra 
discount. For lull de&fe 8 free 
leaflets please cafl or wnto. 


QH Bray, trace EEM TB. 
B1-2S8 2B25 or B1-U9 9817 

aits aofio. MJwatBwufiH. 


1S36 RJfffi 6MRNU SCtffiPW 
4Z* Fifed wan Turtw. icraed 
gar bn. teattw uoMaary. 
enrea control £71995. 

Two Tom men gecd/bnmn. 
£WlS 3S. 

me HOWS 9- 7 

svhuys n • t 

Reasa phone brtwtadatra 
B2S2 5U3U. 



Si^ 5 b»L As nw-EISAM 

Open May Ittn - 4pm 
0483 69944 

-.vfciLa rx ^ 

p*x - 

7-< • T - • ■.» 

fWW. Wil. 



TURBO WWto_£19^5a 

ABS £13,950. 

88 C 80 QUATTRO 

GatttSB. £10,995. 

Al newmodete evatebto (or 
. Immedf ew dedwary 

0203 56325 


tamrcto Commas aaur Dm 
mu vw Audi range of ram 
fOr bmraedlMe deunenr al dtt. 

ul J i 31 lT>C] 


Red wrUi leaf her Bw. low nnle. 
age. lull Lotus wren hoionr. 
iriiS be the bmt nailable. PX 

welcome. £11.760 Tetoonone 

RAHCZ ROVER Voour 1986 6 
week* on 1.200 nuiea only- 6 
door. S wed. Casoian Sloe, as 
new. Genuine reason for sale. 
£17.500 TeL 078 139 3057 
Au» Aawary SeriKes. off Bra. 

Out B a mataO fleer order, w 
are able to ttffer tatf m Tmtar 
Oral AnA MR tren «Zjt» 
on the road, offerng a soring h 
anas tf £2,500 Mbo uibsaatdB 
deals « tte MUtodl/VW range. 

021-556 7291 

2 M awn on. oar, venae, un- 
wanttd order. XS.OOO. 08966 
33000 WIUO028B 20013 HmfT 


Monday 28th April at 530pm 

+ sray rare 

CMd Motor AueftoM, Uotdm Road, Mtctam, teray 

Ring: 01-648 9438 for more details 

d'j :<•.« a r, 

** (ARCaiES BENZ" 
aoQraao/aoo se - , - 

n S0E/SL3.1B a 190E auto. 
a» SE NBN oan.ora 

5B0 SEC/SEL toquiriM touNed 

en. Baft MB. 
IZDOlhn £18,985 

Signal R«l MX, 
E^tondows.-. Tu Ftm ! 
WJSEJww M Nautical jitao. 

aS ^ US 

• «, Smokg sneer, 
™™f rotonm gj^OQ 

W tax FRffi 

. SALES RHD/Ufl). v . 

•Wam.WBWTX 84940 

19W - ■8- Reghtrondn, 

ftadjmth oroam 
In *5 0r . Automatic; Man- 


T* 01-381 107T anyfcM 


PERSONAL Swimming Pools 

tmt mn mo sa,.i9«x. n*w 
N* fo»- red. ft foartc- raro . 
^■nwt afito/m «w. eatxxar 
cxmUMot qoa w a o 
£9.960 Td HtM 01 «J i 
.2614 Offla Ol 4» 4m 

Tee oi-ao* asm. 

MYW S-nd/tW. , E/reof 
* wtiM. ante. PJV4S-. HJtW. 
5tmcr nMny. Ew creid. 
£7.400 Tc* 02-341 0609 

csunx 01-656 7saa owo 

mm. Hart/6ofl ICS mi». ran »*»■««& 

Mart. —M 0r £7^80. 
Trt OJ -488 8582/01-656 4637 

396 8L. MMK.IWK «»»■ 
toy w M* **»"“' 

Swvtor HNtoW/AbPOjOtolV 
PUCtfMa. £8.960. PX 
CMMM TK 048* 715*41 

|8«S A 28081 WMiM BMP. 

w an wa w r «P*»no r- T* 

Mb dto wMh. FSW 

£17X00. Trt (0892) 890822- 

200 MAN 1985 UHMC MW * 
MW tyre* %*toH y rggg 4 
■abirt. raw QMii_«MWO_» 
torn. £6.960. 01-876 02C» 

SO. VCR SHADOW ft S Reg-Feb 
78. OmMur< driven . I 
ewaa from onto. 48JOCO miles, 
fth. evccOmt comBm^Bw 
v« T« lanrtwrttSJWTit 
01-491 OBWwmm IWH) 

1888 BENTLEY TUl ftCbcte 
wan mimMIMyiSrt to 
red. Delivery i tHlrn i*- £67.000- 

Dour* *0682) 881901. 

1870 BENTLEY T/MdnlBMMur 
wHh Hack Wwf'«8giw 
any tnu Tm* tnd HOT BB 
Nan 86 . EKnWHMr te yw. 
£7X60 Oita. T«fcOX-9S3 9687 

SILVER BRADOVf. 197ft F«b. W0- 

tow goto aw waimn/brown 

ux.7EWX»iWv«u mneM 
£11X60 oao TrtttH-463 8467 
wen or 01-677 3074 WI*«M 



dtopbooe. 11X00 ““»«• 

£39.600 POP® (049481) 6671. 

Stack with safes wtar 
mm. rado assess, 


0792 883228 

Saab Authorised Delias 

(Rlngsloe) Ltd 

.Witoe Terrace. 

Kettering. Nonhampunshire 

(8536) 522811 

Prepared for take off 

731 2162- 


con»MtB9 Ewrflex rod. nw 

M/reaxcntoe 2ownm-R94 

TRwty immaculate. Elite*. 

01 386 9999 oeroi 723 4121 

bom. Foawm CarrlMre- 


tMdon. i of 7fi read*, 2 owners, 
srrvtc* wm mib 

atrftaat'Bucdl. £*6J 98k 12 
mmnyam na'. *0 OtalertaeO- 
Ittes. 01-732 7677.T 
fltmao auto- PAS . 2 toor nM-. 
tame wxv. wr wvm n 044*46 
Bwuaw Bi * a ^° 00 JSI?2i 

061 941 23131049)02604 ZBO 
funW fCnertU Te) 

silver armo r xmx *»o 

S7000aUM9Wmi»«tMV W> 

. want bets* mtftttlc wnn dar* 
Brown Ml»rW!wr-*«*S 
throughout. £24.960. T 328 

M.VDI CLOUD 18 1964 Sand 
over uM. tan HR « 9WW. 

Twin hertHOUx. dl 
Acnts. rSH inaraculaw 
£16.960. 07373 SWT) 

...:T r. .-i-'O 
_'- 3 s::h - ' 5 t fiio-ACsr-* 
Csj; iM- 

., c ~r.T--; • . s:r-ER iV7. j - 
:?■- ;C.aJi-% r 3‘.r- . 


A HRS TMrihwt Dwfc 
nano-. £SR OMSfiSf 


4M SPORTS. 197T. Maoy_d« 
■M ————** condmon. 
rSW C9 4JSO- t;»Pw wywhrtT*. 
Td 061 440 8460. 

Blue. Air Can. PAS. F SH. 
2 S xtOO m. £21X60 WrvtrtdS* 
Cange Ud TA 0932-58866 
New *L pibtamw Price. 
TWrphoner 0332-31282 ID 

Registration Nnfflbers 



e oRMCM C me a wanna, iptt- 
igSiTar Sd»«r Sain*, cam 
tmllBS. mud Bus** - - Tel: 
1088321 6749. . 

PC Bai 3*. Halliard S8U «E 



Cantattm St*T0y 


BLUE HIDE. FSH. 25-000 

• £ 14,950 


0380 60537 



A R«B. Red /Stone Wde 
28.000 mum. FSH- Air. 
. £24.950 offers. 

061-905 1661 (W) 
061-439 8234 (H) 




Bah* «f Owbary 

The Essex Dealer 

(024541) 3511 


1984 a 12XXX> BiUas. F1A 
sendee Wstory. Air cowl 
L eather. Saver Blue raetal- 
Hc. Virtually as new- 


PWk Tit: 0428 616378 


Let your care 
.for animals 
live on 

by remembering 

with 300 ho Ruston engine. Do- 
pdrnmnt at -nmnen load Jin*. 
Ag comm oda h oo WfiOparm n *. 
Lvov forward hoid would 
mote addtttanal ttving ana. 
Vwl Ideal for foort ItaMng. 

dtvtng. surveying dt local irai»- 
nortaDon. TW» foRl 6 tn 
onUrtl running andUttn 
price £2BJ»a Tel: (0502) 

MOODT 42* last motor tante. an 
coctott UtOe in*, bnmeoilate 
condmoo. eacdlcm range of 
navtpaOanal equHnetd etc.. 
£57.000 gtaB VAT. no aDtib 
0474 873 512 


CO HPOM SLED Cook avafl. for 
VMM parVc*. aiming, meu l reii d 
home partMb TM 0934 416123 


aUTPAHL Wt Lux t.'c fun* flats. 
1.2 wdrm* Ur* rrms. may 
cadpged. From Ct96aw. 01- 
629 2546. Short lets. 

We can’t 
care for the 
victims of 
cancer unless 
you da 

Tbw can help us » replace 
tear and despair wi* calm and 
dignjiy for so many, by making 

hterOty Is ptaasedtn announce 
a further pmgmnme of these 
prestigious and historteneam- 
hauhd «am£ naming most 
Sundays up to 31 August 
The icwteyfmm London 
Avon is priced at £3S and 
Indudes Hist Oass return travel 
Morning Goflee three cause 
Luncheon and Afternoon lea. 
For fuB details tttephene 
0F388 05MitSl9 (Office HBunt 
or sdlln aft your local BRTfcwel 



LAPBRimi PR OVE M. f. 20/30. 
to share MauDfoi ctmagr wtm 
ganteo. Own room. £BO p.w. 
Mima TH: 01.221-6644 
BATTERSEA. Lurhne Cantona. 
Caay travel over River Prof F 
50b Own room In owe* man- 
ure* Modi Oat £30 pw mxt. 
lOfflDIOI 430 6482; tEvcUOl 
622 2630 

26* to rt>are with 2 oral re- 
males In Igr newly decorat e d 
Me. CH. Own be u rm and bain. 
One tube*. £S6 gw IndbUb. 
Lonu. Ol 740 8040 anybroe 
FEMTHRAM RD SW8. M< f to shr 
041 with Prol/m unroedlatHy. 
orhalh. CH. £180 pem ret ♦ 
dec. T«; 688-644M x 2419 tw) 
736-1378 IhK 





Wcandm Cortoctet Teas, dg- 
sw» nanl onHf tt.95 per sq *1 
+WT. Wool raa Barter carpets 
4tn otJe Hasson backed M35 
per SO yd + VAT. MAda stocks 

Ml VMdsart Bridge Bd. 
ftessta Craea. SWB. 

Telfll -731 3368/9 

MM eunm*£war &a°« 

1 HI- S 0 EVBK 1 ) I VC rOUY 

L>pen i. Days a Wee^ 

40 Ga’edonia:' Roac Lor.dco Nl i e : : 607 3096 

UNTIL MAY 1st 1986 
£14 Million 

Ln a 1 i - 1 

c»utoitt8Ssto\ worth gf stock 
to dear now. 



Xrd FERUM isihare hugh enm- 
l or table home m Brodury 
coiuervaTtan area SCO O R. 
C.H coovTenent lor 09. £120 
pem » turn 4e9 0296 no 
RICHMOND. 8 rains am. OvUbed 
prof M r— <3 part Mure Me wren 
owner Nicety doc o R: H*C 
£55 tn* Tel. 9*4 2614 

nn we 

W2 Large man* m maaandir 

■UL avanatue login nreparea w 
do occasional paid baoy rmns 
log. Own cootong. non-aooxer. 
£A5 gw. 262-9025. 

young prof M to share with 2 
others. o/R £200 gem. ad 
Ol 3S» III* i after 6gra) 
FUnUTU SdRlur Sharing. 
Wetl rtUD Introducmry service 
Pise an for agpr. 01-369 5491. 
313 Brenoloa Road. SW3 
KBNB Wt. Lg-rmin lua flat Ear- 
ly 301 c om le -2 F. £40 pw «a- 
exet Tel Cnm Stokes 836 
7717 iwk 937 4728 IM 
SE2S iCRy lO mini Prof M share 
taut Me wfth gdn o R AO mod 
cons. CoQaw uni lest Tel Ol- 
664 3926 after 7pm 
STJOWTS WOOD. Sor— girl 
to share mated luxury maais 
flat. Cleaner. Ogee tube. EfiO 
UK 586 8175. 

SWIM COTTAGE l rmn tube. 
Own room A bath in lux flat 
Prof Oman m-er 26 £50 pw 
Inc. Tel 01 722 4399 eiex 
WP4AUY Two rooms to share 
In large- luvury home miSSi. 
gdn. TV etc £S9pw eartv 908 
1971 irvnUngi 

IAMW Prof m. I Own room. 
Non smoker £160 Pem 
Tel. O! 873-3327 after 7pra. 
CHELSCA. SWS. F own large 
room, ats-king gdn £56 pw 
end. 352 3917 mnl 
CUHUM NORTH Prof gent, to 
share CH Hal O ft. newly dec. 
£160 pem incl * lei 326*662. 
— RHRM1 1 CDMA. 8447 M F. 
N/S. ComforUWe flat. KJe o r 
£ 65 pw lnd. Trt. Ol 937 1969 
DULWKat Own Room In luxury 
house n s. Eaa aeeese. cily. 
£30PW. Tel: 01870 4347. 
FULHAM Single betMtler * on 
kitchen in 1 amity nome £226 
pem Inrl 01-736 8079. 

44AKIA VALE Prof K.S. elegant 
flaL o. room £50 pw tod Tel: 
01-631 0817 day 
XI MM5 CITT. 2 bedsits in ecc«o 
me VKt bitold. £130* pan. 
SOU soot males. 690 8258. 
PARSON'S GREEN 2nd person 1 
share lux flat £45 pw. O R. 
IDd. 7366921. 

ST 40*0(5 WOOD O/r SUM pro- 
■reatonal person £65 p.w. 
Illdiaiit Tel: 01 723 3714 
SIXtfl Bed sitting rm in weO lur- 
nhhed shared IUL Nr cMy une 
£46 D w. Md. Tct-Ol 5852966 
SWI8N.-&M.T. 25*. o/r in dec 
romf flat £i70pan eseL 870. 
6985 (H) 957 8892 (Wl 
SW 19. Prof u er are i red O R tn 
shared Ms £130 pan ♦ blDX 
363 9251 IWI 643 6898 ihi. 

Wl dbto rm wiib mower In lux 
use Omet sauaro Nr tuoe 
£A2S p c m tnc. TaCSVr-188* 
Wl. MAYFAIR. F 284 N/S O/R 
with dressing rm. £57 pw Inc 
TN. 499 5600 after 7 pm. 
WANTED O R in Me. Qm lor 
Prof F ♦ cal. SW /Central. £36 
45 pw. 381 3319. eve. W/E 




■ save eer* 

1jOO<r» ol auata must go 


• ff ira CLASS * 




Cnm £139. Maim £129 
ALGARVE £135. CORFU £117 
TCNERK £197. RHODES £140 
KOS £139. POROS £132 
Vanoes dRS Agrti'Miy «t 
vita /apt or hotel asm. ptas fhgN 
(ran Sjt*ec* WjncfftstB- Isulx 
sapps/rvafl flres <a*f ARt/tey 
and ffinuQhait w im. BfO- 
rt*as_R4 Ns)/hsam haMags. 
UMBOK 81-261 M» 

MAKffiirei hum am 

nSFKD 1742 3311M 



01*688 2255 

(EstU 1970 ) 


ainNe return 
JoTkura/Kar £300 £465 

Nairobi £220 £325 

Cairo £130 £200 

Lagoa £33 « C3JS 

Del. Bom £230 £340 

Bangkok £196 £530 

Oouaia £420 

Afro Asian Travel Ud 

162/168 Regent Si W.i. 
TKL: 01-4X7 8255/4(7/8 

Malaga IT £79 
Tenerife tr £79 
Abcarue fr £69 
Mahon ft- £89 
Ibiza ft E69 

Many more detenattena 
avafiatoe. Call now on 

01-723 6964 

ABTA. ATOL Acreae VMa 

Give someone 
the gift of freedom 

For anyone who's ever maintained a swimmiflg P°oL here s 
the gift of freedom: The Polaris Vac-Sweep^^^^^^^j 
It not only sweeps your pool, it 
'also vacuums. And unlike other 
'cleaners that send the junk to your 
filter system, Polaris sends it into a 
detachable catch bag - making 
clean-up a snap. 

G Polaris. 


^quatech Marketing Limited 
Trade suppliers of a comprehensive range 
of swimming pool equipment, chemicals, 
accessories and games. 

Aquatech Marketing Limited Tel: Newbury ( 0635 ) 4974 7 

Unit 1 , Hambridge Lane Telex: 847725 

Newbury, Berkshire RG 14 5 UF 

A member of the Laporte group of companies. 

Buy a 

w Swimming Pool 

The SPATA logo is your assurance of 
quality and reliability. Only SPATA 
members can offer SPATASURE - 
exclusive guarantee. 

Membership list and handbook from 
Mr T. Lingham, 

SPATA, 01*291 3455 (24hrs) 


... , You can warm away the-strams of a busy day 

for less ihjr. yc*- Ihouijm ycu can er.jcv bJib in 

vc m f_c vvn hwmu. F*;.r more information .md colour broenurc.. 

Cl S f!Cn ?-SW:Cl'- H SBf/NiS 3 . Wis Garati Crnit. i 
Cislictin CAFGlFS S WiiriC-'SSij , , 

1 Ttajter'i £-2?'. ?t^0 ' ^ 


OF . . 


Nairobi. Jo’Bwe. Cairo, 
Dubai. IsunbwL Sinj3pore. 
K.L. Delhi. Bangkok. Hoag 
Kong. Sydney. Europe, £ The 
Americas. Rainiiieo Travd. 3 
New Quebec SL Marble Arch 
London W|H 7DD. 

01-402 9217 / 18/19 

Open Saturday 10 jOO-I3J3O 



Va A •:! -Xc |9i?e - . 

* ;--T.op,3a'c=r-is». - 


:Ali!f|K ‘ Si; S'-V 1 

■ 33V 7:i^ ' . 

i i i i i i ns 


tn PbsI tasUsSBtt • Coflcnrtt or Unr " 

• PkoJ Sanridaq ft MaMBum * 

- Fekwg Poof BrtrtWmMt * 

■ Hal Tate ft Jacazdi • 

Tet 08832-2335 


Gate Ml, UNpsMd U. WwflggfeM. Samj. 

KAVaoSx.^WTSjTcito 74A 

(0440) 63006 

For all your Swmwndng 
Pool nwvrfflmb 

Swimming Pool fry 
Contractors xnsa 
Yers of ewMe « coaBiucnon 
wd nartrim ol aft types d 
pools Chamals A Kmsones 

Bridge Hae, Kaymar Rd, 
Hassocks. Susan 
TEL: (07918) 4700/4999 

In London or East Angta 

• Sendee * 

■ Supplies * 

• instaBawns * 

Ftyovw fthrsafy. Marts Tey. 
Colcbester. Essex 

(0206)- 212313 


Special Bis In the Heston- 
ronstruction and renova- 
tion of luxury fully Died, 
reinforced concrete swim 
■rang pools. 

Throughout the South-East 





Sen) fw tree gude to compara- 
M nnnm costs a pmw dm* 
jffijfl) S1718 


51 BesHige Rd. 


Dean* end amsbucMn Bl cpncratr 
pads ate »°w*n UndXJjsoo 
Enoumes n> 

Mr Vamtpns 
117 SLttw Rd. 

Looei S rondon. 

Beds SG16 6XL 

Tel: Hefllow Camp 
(046272) 222. 



Pool accaesows. cows, ties 
Dumps, enctosurre. ex. oy sauna 
Us. spas, sonteds. flym an d mer- 
est enmmenL Fw afl your leeure 
iNperensna FRH brodure. 

121 Doacastar Rd. HUeBeM. 
W Yurts. Tet (9S24) 3HBB9 




To Advertise, please caU 

01-481 1820 


More low-cost flights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
titan any other agency 

• Fast, expert, high-tech 
service Free worldwide 

hotel Acer him pass 

• up to 60 % discounts 

Open 9-6 Mon-Sat 


Immunisation, insurance. 
Foreign Exchange, 
Map S8ook Shop 


Tnmtf Co4h 

42*48 Earls Court Road 
London WS SEJ 
Long-Haul 01-603 ISIS 
Europg/US A 01*937 5400 
Ist/BusmaM 01*038 3444 

cosTevrms on ream* hois 
■ to Curooe. USA A most destlna- 
Dara. aWonui Travel: Ol 730 
2201. ABTA 1ATA ATOL. 

Jamaica N. York. Toronto. 
Africa. todlA. Far Etol 01-737 
2162 >0669 ABTA. 

deal world wide Tel Ol 631 
0167. AgtS AMI 1893. 


Buckingham Travel ABTA. 
01-836 8622. 

USA JCFttllK EUNOPE Australia 
New Zealand. Genutne ducounl 
tarts. OTC. 01602 3236. 

pool Package inode • beaunful 
sin Narwetgen Lea Chain from 
£21 .OOO i nci vai u raoal cates 
nn planning nermu O on re- 
qinrrd Ftir deans 0734- 

Reoms^wl mining pools, sup- 
plied a* rrottsllc Priren. Solasft 
Supplies- 38 BagNy wood. 
Kenrangum. Oxford 735205. 



The Paxos 
Beach . . • 

An tdvll* torn 1 1 v owned hold 
on a small unspoiled Creek 
Island >n a magical temrvjj ol 
ol»e groves sloping doxn w 
ni'quoae sea H ran htie not 
had lime *o eiplore the -orld 
lot the perlea place irv Pa -os 
- iin unique evpenence 
Making lAfft the veai you got 
The noiliev nghi and cs* lor 
our b'oehute. Indudlng ailln. 
also on Corlu and Crete 
vor* »tol CV Travel (T> 

-t Paros Department 

43 Cadogan Street 
v- 3 Condor. SW3 2PR 
01-581 0851 

vfyr 1589 0132 - 24 hi 
■ - ■ -■ brochure service) 

NOT tVWCT idyllic ortv beach 
hoaeirr £165oo 1 wVmagnU 12 
berth crewed motor yacht ir 
£1.000 pw Ol 737 3861 124 
hrsJ Ol 326 1005 AM 2091 
nights at. RIO £496. Lima 
£475 rtn Aha SnuS Croup 
HohdAV Joanwys. JLA 01-747- 


USA. a America. Mid and Far 
Cast. 5 Africa- TrayvaJe. 48 
Margaret Sheet. Wl. Ol 580 
2928 (Visa Accented) 

N/VONR Miami LA. CheapeM 
lares on malar US s en ed te rd 
carriers, and cransarUnac 
caianees A ffiglils to Canada. Ol 
584 7371 ABTA. 

D IS COUNTS lst/Ereramv VeH- 
A. Try os tart. FLIGHT- 
BOOKERS 01-387 9100. 
worldwide cheapen* fores. 
Richmond TravcL l Ofo St 
Richmond ABTA 01-940 4073. 

TUMStA For tha! perfect Honda* 
with sunny days dr carefree nn 
Ideal Spang- Summer. TuMstan 
Travel. 01-573 4411. 

TlADtEY jngw oBtv lo DaBnian 
6.13 A 20 May 1 & 2 wha (r 
£139. Tivtoah DeOghi HoUdays 
OI 891 6409 AM 2047 


Beaa Travel Tel Ol 385 6414. 

CHUF FUGKTS Worldwide. 
Hdymachet 0I-9X 1366. 

lALAOA. C ANAR IES . 01-441 
till. Trettrat. Abfo. AWL 



motor yacht. June 3.- XT £433 1 

»iU*oi < » W lO0B f AM , BO91 I V8XAS WITW A MAGIC TOUCH. 

| A vlUa. a pool and a beautiful 
view. Whal mare could you 
want? Choree from Tuscany. 

Sardinia or Revrlto ■ the loveli- 
er parts ol Italy where the mass 
market opera tors deal 90 Or 
combine a villa holiday with a 
slay in Verne*. Florence or 
Rome. Free brochure from 
Matdc of Italy. Dem T. 47 Shep. 
herds Bush Green. W12 8 PS 
Tet Ol 749 7449 *24 hr* 
sen keel 


*WHIZ l , HL AH pqrftedu it q re»Y8 

01-784 89BS ABTA ATOL 

WA B rea £ 99. Motor travel. Ol 
488 9257. LATA 




CMHW at the sea. some wtth 
pooh from ClOOp.w. 0223 337 
477. 536 761. 



ALGARVE. Duplex opt. naly 
fore, on Kvatorr toning vil- 
lage. Sun couple April. May: 
£176 par week, after June- 1 
than Clto Telephone 04893 


Hobdays of dWUvuon (or the 
vary raw. Tet 01-891 0802. 75 
Si jam's street, swi. 

Mondays « doarction for the 
eery f*w Tet 01-491 0802. 73 
St James's Street, swi. 


fRENCM. PENMAN. Spanish. 
Rallan. Portuguese. The Brel 
puce to learn a language it In 
Uw country where u s spoken. 
Gouremtar all needs - snxJmis. 
Business Men. Tourists. For dr 
latte cntflarl. Language Studies 
Ud. 10 12 James a. London 
W1M SHN Tef Ol 408 048 1 


Zurich. Munich, rit resort 
transfer from £69 Sfel JrL 
103731 864811 ABTA. 



1 7th Cent ■ image MiuMulb 

restored Sire 4 Scar, charm. 
c omfort Garden 01 oak utt. 



North London reqmrrs 2nd enct 
im-f*. atuiia- 10 soesk Jopa 
nee and Bfnwm experience in 
B Mimiar rapantv are ncemui 

Trt. Mr nirnin 01-453 04-re. 


87 Rearm Street. London H'i, 
Tel 439 6S34 L'k- thenea- 
Abo TO helps do ms itmp. perm 

Wald- 1 
main- 1 
leased r 
1941 . 
edged 9 
• Ger- f 
ms in - 

s that y 
gosla- 3 
ng for B 
drive 5 
3 ' lhat , 
,>ad. J 
Wald- J 
as not 
lack is 
»i ihe f 
.1 the " 
{now h 
>n be- r 
1 the u 
ip's at e 
inning s 


f- the e 
these ,r 
je the " n 
mt of f. 

lusion « 
tst Dr £ 
isive. l 

he So- 1 : 
r, said’J 
is irian “ 
•ion to * 

‘y- ; 

in had a 


>nt rt 

- The J 

-*d that^ 
•air of“ 
I to bisjy 

. >f 
ts lhaVe 

it deadie 
in. and 
jo all of 
ns fond 

ner. jf 


The Letting' Agent 









351 7767 





UeD tecMtar ltd n Oc hem at We 
Wes End. 1 bnfcm. reap KK 4 9(WQ 
We> nupped tnd dose la many shoos 
and resauxnts Co ha. EI30 bw. set 

at cum. 

Stytsh rater tutt mas on *ra/r* 
Itoar wtn sep enranoe. OaeOy stund 
2/3 Mam. 1/2 mens. 2 Date (1 at 
site} tat Many. Co taL £375 a* 

Far the best 
selection affine 


in prime London areas. 
Contact JtaMnaqrMarflnic 


fletmy ntumsaed Pctwbsb 

Masnoe Mom Bendey 
Sam. 3 BfOoms. 2 WWjw. 

mu ott BracM. l/l « 
tar week oO. aes 

and I 
of a 
do -i 
and c 
ing. 1 
aim os 
been t 

01-631 5313 

Mayfair Office 

01-629 4513 



£160 bw. 2nd Hoar 11*. tn 
ntmkni purpose bum Mock 
with mi. douDle bedroom, re- 
ception. luiry nnrd kuenen 

and biOwoom. 

MW— TMMBt W2- 
ciSBDw comma 2ne n»v 
in. cocnenuiw aouN? wo- 
roo m, ttc ewen. klirtra A 

Wa*w» 01-733 8412. 

A comoany/hoMay let. 




Brand orw haninomly 
lutni'M flJls. Snort LoiiP 

irblraniWOeo 6m*crv 
mnerme mauded 


01-244 7363. 


. opposite ParK Charmtofl 
house to Private Square. 2 
double beds, pretty bal- 
eony. I bath plus sep arate 
i cloak room, large open 
plan reception. Wlcften 
with all machines, integral 
! garage. Available now. Co 
lei. 1 year furn/ 


01-4S6 8926 



Soadous flat nr lobe wim 2 
dtxe beds. OOtatewMW- flea* 
wnh tong bay windows. KH/ 

washer 'dryer, bad*. Be» 
porter. VMeo. rrury phone, 
oo le* £260 ow. 

01430 7321 

mOT PARR Harley House. 
Uitfarn 6 beds. A baths. 3 very 
■ge rreno. dUdnt had. US kfl. 3 
yn. TlS.OOOpa Lae. cuts. etna. 
HM nonw tor sale. 449 9961. 
Cves 8704709. 

DOCKLANDS Edge at Cny. 6 
imps w«kl Very spacious 1 bed 
house won ml* diner, hath , 
cloaks, balcony * praktaa- 
Small s e a ted Mew*. EHXtaiw. 
Mapping - superb studio Itatta 
converted wfcnehouse. folly 
equipped A destined for easy 
Dying. £12Bpw. Senntfifl Irfcer 
views from driigntf ul 2 bed Rat 
tn Grade II Wtm buOdmg - 

woriOng Breptace. 2 bath*, con- 

SWS Very smnty an d attrac tive, 
newty dec * unfarnhtyed 
house. 4 Beds. 2 Baths. 3 
Rem*. Kitchen tall machineat 
Terrace. Garden. £ 40Gpw. CD 
leC JCH. S 2 B 0040 . 

ooaks. ridly m»d- Pretty 

over onL £ 22 Sbw. C 
fiopn * GO. 488 9017. 

BATTCKSCA Prtnce of Water 
O me. Pro! M. P 26* o/R. O/ 
bathrm. W M etc. share kn. to 
large tux flat oierlooMna park. 
£66 pw met Ten 01 622 99S1 

will e 
on p 
by ms 
In r 
able !■ 
ture, : 





NVS RPUHIT O W flat. Odd. 
spacious ground floor flat. 3 
bedrooms 2 baths, trying room, 
dw w tf. kKML hallway, 
f/ place, snd-turoDtied. carpet- 

EXCLUSIVE m M2 Htsthty PresH- 
glouv ige Un furnished 
accommodation m quiet res. 
area. 2 bed. Srec. k*6. potto* 

Bdn.£230pw.Tet01-8S341 16 

Opaa onto 3 acre* or private 
IP—— . Ideal Cor Camay. CMpo- 
nkM I year pta* £375 pw. 
176 CoMberne Crt. Tel: 01-630 
2996 or 570 3861. No apenta- 

F.WJUF7 (Managmenl Services) 
Ud require prooeriles U> central 
south and west London areas 
lor waiting appUcants.Ol-221- 

( SSrSSS?2MWwni 

■Tench windows onto park. 

ham in shower. Quiet budding 
wnh porter and in. Lenp c« let. 
£460 pw. Goddard A Smith Ol 
990 7321. 

HENRY D JAMB Contact «W» 
on Ol 236 8861 for the best w 
teeVoa of funushed Oats and 
house* to rent in KntgMshriflge. 
Kemlngtan and Cb ete ea. KB tnbmbri rt g e . Betgra- 
' Us. ‘ PnntUro. WesumnsMT. 
Luxury bouses and flats avafl- 
*Ur lor km nr stwri lets. 


avaR. & read, to mp ton a t s. 
executives. Long & tom let* tn 
an areas. U n f riend A Co. as. 
Albefrunr St Wl. 01-4996334. 

Coo nr*, 69 StxklDghan> 
rd. SW1. =01-828 8961. 

MULLAN P FARR. W14 Sparioos 
A elegantly tarnished nudson- 
ettt to aatef restdcnhal street. 3 
bednns. 2 raeeps. Ul bathnn A 
shower im. Avail now. 
£20Dpw. Co/VH. AROUND 
TOWN. 229 9966 . 

MS RER SU t O T O W Gtd Or runt 
flat. 2 bed. Iiecepi. R A B. Gdn -f 
vast comm gdn. Co let pm 6 
mth'iyr. tiso pw. Tel; oi- 
3706311. No Agentk. 


Superb toe to Gdn Sq. 6,6 
beds. 1 2 receps. Ml. diner, lux 

bath m. edn patio. 030 pw. 
CO Wt. Lyhamsr Ot 736 6609. 


i sn 

5 Pen 

8 Son 


9 Naz 

10 Pun 

11 Me) 

n Gut 

14 8-m 
17 Bed 
19 Last 
22 Bre 
24 Ove 

coanuv ON eMU»r Let 

only to period ot 3 years In 
W6 4 bedroom. 2 reception 
Htge Mdm. 2 bathrooms. 2 
W.C. cat. «9 OOper wit Re- 
ply to BOX BOG . 

cottage. Double bedroom, 
lounge, k.o. CH. Pretty gdn. 
£168 pw. Ol 466 S769 

DEUORIFia. Newly modernised 
* Interior designed 2 bedroom 
flat won dining room. S Wig 

room, runy fmed Uicheu. Odih- 
. room, hb WC- C 27Cgw. Go leL 
PtdBp Andrews. 486 B991. 

MATFADt Town rewdeoce. 3 
tecs, a bed*. 3 bath*, seo molds 
quartets. £lSOOpw. Long leL 
SXL Boland Ud. 221-2616. 

Charming folly equipped flab 
Recep. DM b«t £160 pw. Tri: 
Ol 362 8896/ 730 1098 

W2 qUEENSWAY. Mews cottage. 
2 oedroom*. livtng room . patio. 
£190 ow. co let. muumum one 
year. Tel. 01-229 6860. 

secluded plea a low flat. £200 
pw. Tel: Ol 23S 1341 

hm flats /houses: £200 £1000 
pw. Usual fees req. PMIUps 
toy A Lewis. Sooth of Die tort. 
Chelsea office. 01-369 8t 1 1 or 
North ol the Park. Regent’* 
park office. 01-722 6136. 

puntrr. WrU furnished ,'fntrd 
(toL iramrtl. evaU. DouMe bed- 
room. atttng room. ML. bath. 
Drive partmifl. door telephone. 
£440 O-C-m. Company let only. 
Ring Mary-. 736 7133 edenton 


Oat to Cnebma previously orrtj- 

. pled by . owner. RecenUy 
redecorated, furnished. S beds. 
2 baths, large reception, kitch- 
en. Mg terrace. £300 p w Co 
let. no agents. Ol 878 3814 

ST JOHNS WOOD purpose bum 
DaL ruay furnWxd and 
equipped. 1 bed. living room. 
MKhai- bam. CM. OfW. colour 
tv. £130 p-w. for about 12 
iDonmo Lei. To view. Tet Ot- 

mcHOATX, fltori S.C fiat near 
tube and woods. 1 bed. 1 reenp. 
K *8. laundry, gaa C.H .colour 
TV. Suit vtMing academic. 
£116 per week Inclusive + 
phone. Tel: Ol 340 2913. 

ntlurr sum bed for short or long 
let*. Large slocks, immediate 
delivery. Can Mr Michael 
Norkury. John Strand Con- 
tracts Ud. Tel 01-485 8619. 

SWI 4 Ground floor furnished 
OIL one bedroom, livtng room 
AM kitchen. £90 pw. S months 
minimum, overseas risMors or 
e c u ma ny let preferred. 01-876 


modem Ewnnrve bouse, doa- 
ble liytng room. Study. Mb 
equipped kitchen. 4 bedroom*. 
2 bathroom*. 2 garages. Widen. 
Close to good schools. Conve- 
nient access to Galwic* A 
Heathrow CD let peferred. 
£460 pw Tel .01-879 0909. 
937 968 L The number to remon- 
b er when seeking best rental 
properties tn central and prime 
London areas £l50/£2.aoc*w. 
UL COMPANY seeks furn prop- 
erties m best London areas. 
Agents* 01-689 6481. 
Lux 2 .- 3 beo hse * gard and bal- 
cony Easy access city £120 
p.w. Tel. Ol 836 8411 Ext 301 
houses avaUaWe now hi Central 
London. Tel. 01-957 4999. 
CAM POEM TOWM 1 bedim IW. 
reepi. £60 pw. Olhers too. 627 
2610 Homeiocafors 
properties available shon/toog 
letungi Ring Ol 49) 7646, <T1 
CHELSCA1 2 dbie bedims, into 
sonette. reept- £80 pw. Others 
loo 627 2610 HomeMrators. 
CLAPHAMt Large 4 oedrm house 
Sun sharers. £140 pw. Otnen 
627 2610 HomelocaMrs. 
DENMARK NBA 5 bed Atm hse. 
Sunset Rd £4fiO pm. min 1 vr. 
Tef. 0303-30888 from Thors 
EA5TEHM Double be dro o m flat 
£70 pw. Others all areas. Ol 
627 2610 Homeiocators. 
FULHAM! vc 1 bedim flat 
Reepi wasner. yard. £75 pw. 
627 2610 Hometacatom. 
mCHOATEl S.C l bedim Mf nr 
shops. £68 pw. others too Ol 
627 2610 Homelocaiar*. 

bed Mews £120 pw. Parrots 
Tel Ot 7 SO 9226 
BLNcnmcH l bedroom fCu. 
nr tube. £80 pw. Others too. Ol 
627 2610 HomelocaMn 

I., . 1 , 

Owel luxury mews house*. 2-S 
bed Long Go Wt 684 1169 
MARSEL ANCM 2 bed Rat. over 
looking park. £250. pw. Parrots 
Tel. 01 7jo 9226 
PARSONS OREENL 1 bed. draw- 
ing room, ur A bath. Co lei 
C1 IO d w. 01-562 5841 
pmttJCO. Elegant recep. dbte 
(warm * single kedrm. CH. CM 
TV Cl2ib nv. Oi 834 9723 
RtrilMOMb. superb flat furnfoh. 
2 receps 1 Dedim. £480 pm 
Tel- Ol 940 2036. 0372 53672 
SUMNE SQUARE 5 mins. Rec. 2 
ben rooms. h.B. Newly fined. 
£I7 P PW Tef 01 689 4T73 
ST JAMES* lux mod furn stuno 
flat, k * b. tut. avail unmen. 
LI 20 pw all Ud. 457 7519. 
SW10 PreOy 1 bed naiin good 
locauan- Lom Coin xizsmv. 
Buchanans 981 7767. 

WS: LARflC ROWE, b and b. owp 
enrranee.wa £60Pw Cleaner. 
illiHL Tat 584 0046. 

W2- ExceHenl wound (tor 1 bed 
rui. Cow £i30pw-Law*»nA 
Herman Ol 998 3425. 

Wl. iqe 9M0 flat. Fttfy BWdmw 
cquipd S dbto OeOrro. UKhro 
«r. £220 BW. 10342821 4307. 




emr wme 9mvERS. ntom 

Trainee, 1822. TELEPHONE 
01 407 0268- 


Permanem A temporary wst- 
Don*. AMSA SPCCWkd BfC- 
Cons. Ol 734 0&32 

l tm UMtSfKJJJAY AEKlL 25 1986 






Fann ar's: Camb fldfle University v 
UtLestersnire .. 


Fflimer s: Cambrldga University v 

The OirfOflJ UnlWfghF v Somers« 


TtoOvat England V bxS* {Vst onp^&y 

FCmW#: CafrtrMBg UnNwsBy v §W« 
The Parks: Oxford UiUVBTSlIy V 

•BiWM GJcuceMSftfw » ®“* f S an 
■LBicesMnLwciBtw rikMv ton* 

Lord's: MKtftesex « 

Trent Bridge: NoRmflUamsinr* v 
HsmpsnkB . 

'Taurton: somerset v Tafa i*" 

-Houa: Sussex v Uneaamn 
•S Sa st o n: Wsnwdtsfiira w Essex 
•wee^r ttOfsesMfsftra vSwray 

Unrrorsrty v 

•pertly: DerttySiw v N o an u l iam s iili e 
Cardiff: Glamorgan* Somerset 
Bournamoutfl: Hampahlre 

LonJ's. Uf&aeBx v Sussa* 
Northampion: NorttiaaiptOftShirB 

edabsaion; Warwickshire 


Haadmotey. Yoricshro v Lancasiwe 

CanVT. Gtemorgan v SomanM 
CantBTtauy: Kent v SmBy 
Northampton: Northamptonshire v 

mc eawraM r* 

Hove: Sussex vGtoueestashSe 

EdoDMtonT WarwiekshlTB v 

WcrcgstBrthrt _ 

Sheffield: YoWiWv^* 




2S& (Omaau): Wand v InSans {one- 

Bounty chawronsw 

•Chasten ieid: Derbyshire v 

gjmw W BMw 

Sw onset: GSy o rgan » La ncashire 

Linan: Northani RO fishiie v YotkNW 
EOg&aston: WarwicKshirs v 


Worcester worwaw v Sussox 

FWwrt: Cambridge Unhmtty v Surrey 
onet MATCH 

Famart: Cambridge untwrany v Swroy 

Mtndst; Lsvfnla, Duchess of NoftaBfs M 


Ctd TratforO: uncasttra v LfsaeMrswa 
TTw0^a ^* Not*ghangfart 

Fancy' s: 'C ambridge Unlvgrstty y 

The pSwWort UMVBTtity v MdOaws 


Chesterfield: OortiysntovUcagwraJWB 

Bristol: GJoucestflrehW v S omerse t 
OW TraJtortt Lancashiro v YortsftkB 
Lord's Mlddesex v Sufray 
How: Sussex v Essex 
Slough: Minor Counties v 

tormampfonshra ... _ 

The Pwks: Comorngd iWWMttos » 
HampS« _ 

Derby: Darbyshrt v E»« 
Soufhampron: Ham 

TtmbSeW^Snv wmdnMt 

OW rrafcnt Lancashire v Warwcksrilns 
Leicester Leiceslarshlre v 


The Ova/: Starey vW dtflosax 
Horsham: Sussex v Somersat 

•NormampfOn: NonhamplonsWro « 



neianipo _ . 

Glasgow (Tiiwood): Scotland y 



Aiundef. Lavdxa. Duchess erf Mortoih s w 

JOMl plate 4 s»e 3 al league 
C heHistord: Esse* v War*KKsma 
Cardlih Oamorgan * Hampsiwe 
CanfKtftoury: Kent v OouotflWtw 
OMTfgHont Lancashire w Sussgx 
Lecester Lecesterstvre v Dertiyshto 
Lord's: Middtosox v Nottinghamshire 

Worcssler WorcestBfNWBr Indtans 
Chelmsfera: Essex v Kent 
Old TrattoRt Lancastm y Hampshire 
LonTs: MttJtessx v laicsstsrsMre 
Northampton: Northamptonshire v 

Taunton: Someiser v Oamomn 

Graham Saville. the former 
Essex batsman, has been ap- 
pointed coach to Cambridge 
University for the forthcoming 
season. Saville. the National 
Cricket Association Eastern re- 
gion coach, succeeds Brian Tay- 
lor. the former Essex captain. 



DeibrDwtiyahirev Essex 
Southampton: Hampshire v 


OMTreWont Lancashire v Warwi c kshire 
Leicester: Leicestershire v 

the Prat Surey vMjdCasex 
Horsham: Sussex v Somerset 
Swansea: Gtamotgan v Essex 
Bristol: OoucesM re Hra v Watwtfotfwe 
Tunbridge WeSs; Kentv Sussex 
HincWey: LWceetarNwe v Swrey 
Trent Bridge: Noninghan shire v 

The Ovafc SuriBy v Wan 
Reat&igtey: Yorkshire V 

The Parks: Oxford University v 

Swansea: Glamorgan v Sussat 
Soutf^mptorc HfflnMture v Mtdo 
Canterbury: Kent v Surrey 

Northampton: Northamptonshire v 

Swansea: Gtemorgenv Lancashire 
Baarenoke: Hanpshiro v Kant 
Lores: MddtessxvEsw 
Luton: Northamptonshire* Yorkshire 
Bate Somerset r Nooin^WBMsre 
Edgbsston: Warwickshire v 


Hbrosier WorMSMrehbe v Sussex 
25 - NATWEST TROPHY, test roand 
Reading (Courage's): Berkshire v 

Brfcenrieed (Oxton CQ: Cheshke v 

Ogrtyf. Derbyshire v ComwaB 
Ewoute: Devon vNoWnghwnehhe 
SouMmpkr Hampshire v Hartfortstwe 
OW Trahord: Lancashire v Cumberland 
Leicester LMcesaxtihire v Irofano 
Northampton: Northamptonshire v 
Middlesex ■ 

Jesmond: NorthumbrtaridvEaeto 
Ednbu^i (Myraskto) Soottand v Kant 
Taunson: Somersat y Doreet 
Sena: S tef tordshi ra v Qteroorgao 
Hove: Susexs « Suite* 
EdgbesgxrWtarwntohtaevC tetoto 
WoroiSar W u i Laai Bi ah l re vOxte NMtee 
H ea ranaknrYotslWrevCB WU id g e sH k e 

Fnwr's: Combined LMvereMee v New 

2 i-^wiuTCH 

Chester to Street League Cricket Con- 
ference v Indians (one dml 
Bristol: GkJUcestafShirB v Surrey 

MakWona: Kart v Glamorgan 

UrerpoOt Lancashire v OerbysNre 
Leicester Leicestershire v 

Has^c ^i^ttolh « * pto is W w 
Worcester WorceatereNre v Hampshire 
■Headinaley: Yorkshire v W a rwicks h ire 

•Lords: kfiddtessxv New ZeMandere 
Tmanon: Somerset v MGa 
Brtstt Qoucestemhire v Surrey 
Maidstone: Kem v Glamorgan 
Le/cesfar Leicestershire v 

N ol Uivgi ia m sI wa 

Hasting: Sussex v NonhanvUteMra 
WoreestarW toreasM rs h ee v Haa p ah lw 

Trent Bridge: Nottinghamshire v 

Taunton: Sememe* v Esso* 

Perth (Norti inch) Scofland v Lancaahn 


*CheRefVtem (Town Otxxidk Gtaaoasaan- 
Bhve v Indtans 


Worcester Worcestershire v kiddlaasx 
Shetjteto: Yortshire v Derbyshire 


The Pwks:Oxlofd yritortyvljwaaltir 

Lord's: England « lixfia 

6 - OTHER MATCH _ ... 

Northampton: NorthamptonsWre v 

2bnbabwesns (one dart 

chetansford: Essex v Nottnghamshlte 
•Bournemouth: Hampshire vSomemet 
Old TrMtord: Lancashire v Middlesex 
Northampton: Northamptonshire v 


Darby: Derbyshire v Sussex 
Swansea: Gfamorgafl v Leicestershire 
Southampton: Hampshire v 

Not Me n HJtuBft hD 

Trent Bridge: Notringhemshlro v 

Taunton Soraefset v Mddesex 
The OvatSwreyv Yorkshire 
Worcester: Worcestershire v Kant 
Cheknstord: Essex v Gteuceatefstaa 
Northampton: Northamptonshire v 

Trent Bnftoe: NotenghamsWra vScQdaid 
Taunton: Somareai v Glamorgan 
The Ovafc SwrayvHampshka 
Worcester Worcasnishhe v Lancashire 
WSJsall: Minor Couteas v WanmCkShhe 

Fenner's: Combined Universities vKsni 
Derby: Derbyshire v Minor Counties 
ChMmata* Essex v Gtanmgan 
Bristet Gkxjcasterehke v Sussex 
Somhsmpton: Hampshire v Kant 
Lard's: Middlesex v Combined 

Edg&a&ton: Warwfckshlra v 


Worcester: Worcestershire v 


Hf»r&ioier Yorkshire v Scotland 

The Ovafe Surrey v Mtfians tens day) 
17-BEHSON Mfi) «OBi CUP 
Swansea: Qamorgan v Gtoueestershra 
Canterbury: Ktant v Mdteasex 

Lwerpoot Lancnhra v NuOn^tamaMre 
Leicester Leicestershire v Minor 

The Ovat Smrey v Combined IMwmtei 
Hove: SiMSBR V Somerset 
Edgbastorc Wanvicksfm v Derbyshire 

Headtogiey: Yorkshire v Worcestershire 
Nortt a naawn: North teepte a i M w v Essex 

■ s ^KS5S’^BS5.*“1S5: 1 . l 


Laek CC: Derbyshire v Wsrrnekshire 
Swindon: aoucBStetehlrev Es sex 
Lalcesaar LalcesterMSre v Lancashire 
Lord'a* Middtesaot v Kate _ 

Trent Bridge: Nootoghemstoev Sussex 

The Ovat Sixrey v Derbyshire 
Hove: Sussex vLefcastarshire 

Hove: Sussex vLeicestBfshmj 
Edgbeaten: Wanwctaftire v Glamora 
Harrogate: Yorkshire v Qtoncenarefr 


The Paris: Oxford UtYveraKy v KBrt 



Chelmsford: Essex v Notenghamatera 
OJ Trsttord: Lancashire v MidtSesax 

Old Trattord: Lancashire v Mi dd toa i u 
Northampton: Northamptonshire * 

The Ovafc Surrey v OorbyMD* 

Blgfiesiorc Warwk*sf*e v GteoxxgBi 
HrednSey. Yorkshire v GiouceatenMm 

it-HisoH am iexB cup 

Harrogate: Tlcon Trophy 
Coteranei: Ireland v vStea 

The Parks: Combined UnheraWas v 
inifisra (two days) 




Mont Essex v Hampshire _ . ..... 

Gkxcnatar GkwoaatereMa v Ombyshire 

Old TrafloRl: Lancashn v WotoaaaacaMM 
Lord's: Middlesex v Yorkshire 
• Northampton: Northamptonshire v 

TYant Bridge: NotUnghamshea v Surrey 
Battc Somerset v Kant 

Miodte^o^h^ YorireMra v 


mS a T W E S T TROPHY, abcondreaad 
Southampton or Si Afeanc HampeMre or 
- HertTorrfsfWB v Wor e— teriMna or 

Taunton or Dean Plate Scmeraat dr 

Dorset v Lancashire or Cumbertsnd 

Chabnsford: Essex y Yorkshire 


•Lmoaster LeiCBStenMre v Mtens 

The Parks: Oxford UmvareMy v Gtermgan 
•Hove: Sussex v Cambridge Unteareiiy 
Word: Essex v Hampatxm 
Gkxfoester GkxiosstersWre v Derbyshka 
Old Tratford: Lancashire vVtacestervta 
Lords: Mlddtosex c Yorkshire 
Northampton: Northamptonshire v 
Warwickshire _ 

Trent Badge: Nottinghamshire v Surrey 
Bade So m are ai v Kara 

Edgbaston or Darfngwn (Feetiianis): 
Warwickshire or Ourhani y Noittxaa- 
bertand or Essex 

Lord’s Mid<fles®i v Glamorgan 
Trent Bridge: NoWnghaw 

lamahlre v 

Tmbnoik Somerset vGtoucuetereWre 

EdgbMiS m V ^Wa rwickshire v 

WoreSw^S^^hire y Lancashire 
Canterbury: Kent v Mans 

Word: Essex v Sussex 
Swansea: Gtemorgan v WanridoMw 
Gkxioeetar. GtoucastoraNre v Kent 
BastogsKRa: Hampshire v Swrey 
Trent Bridge: Nottinghamshlra v 

Batir Somersat v Northamptonshire 
Worcester. Woroaater v Y oriady e 

riufliVv »1| ..fl. j. , .| Mrow f~» | ILw 

ivieaofx fyufFtefletimwarev nvnyuare 
Trent Bridge: NottlngtotoiUka v 





home wPRoraran 


9^00 Mn. MM MOM*, 
■rtrerto. fUa^flix oai 430 

A net know. Wte nr ad «fl wottii tookan at faMy bosnaa EteDiteedn 
1967. 85/88 T/0 cna £4600)0 ml aMM Kansas nil toon a lm 37% 
CP The iremjto conem s very Dresa ml stos Be Mum mtanm ol Horn 
(npmvatM i Oxr. pretes. 

Preoctis arty shouW aoply tor falter d rials ta 
AJhad TooteA Co 
100a. Hem Oredsn Sitcf 
Lone* W1M 7FA TtoOI-631 5232 

LAA M SAM red. fetoeft 
toaoiw tetoriar. cbcrtnwd rtto»- 
traOcm n i n v ta e r. ».*t £6- 20 0. 

0706 8189*3 MBn hrak 

tortDna of ocml Bton e r W R 


car. 62.000 m. Personal (AW) 
riltolflHun - 1980. £4.950. 
TWcpbonK 01467 2246 oak*. 
089 28* 4201 Home 
AHMI. WNto/BWCk teaftMT to- 

SoustEd in Saab coast tmn. 19 year lease. Current rent tor nrat 3 yre 
Z 7 .Z 50 ILI 1.000 sq. ft sate ana oks office 9 WC. 1 JOO sb. ft- storage 
Camera secunty. UnocDosed ewetem to yev rared trade. Tomover 
E100J20 pa. gross profit E4Q-45A00 PA 

For fatter enqms 

Price: £35,000 

I) 512550 Ur. Hpnood 

compact ok, radfo/camjvru 1 . 
■Maker*. FAR Company tft- 
reten car. 14.000 ufki - 
£ 18.000 ono Rtoy 01-240 

785a tom. oi-aee 0121 on 

E TVFC VS2 Raadnn- rrwnaW. 1 
of uw Mi on me tine. N roe. 
30.000 roues. rs«- 1 owner. 
Navy Blue. Cbrome wire 
wheel*. AMoluJety acnuDful. 
£13.996. Tef. Ol 203 6246 off 
hr* or Ol 906 2775 W/CMq. 
iMttUf JOVXRICQff 4A M B. 

FSH. 17 J 3 O 0 roo e* Contours 
winner, mim. £13.996. cvee- 
w.-e 0732 450732. Days 0989 
64497. T 


BOUCM cam* sonny 3rd 

floor nor. 2 We reert 4 Mfl 

roam*, c l), off « wr kmc. 
pdt.pww. 4jv, yrs exinttifMc 
MIMU » shtew note 

£ 32.960 MS 01-4868727 


WEST PUTNEY ctosr la cromnon 
■ piPB«riiitorWin* Mwi4 i 

semi. 4 bed. 2 wot. UWerero*. 
Hi. break, axswiy. 
altar. 50 fl 9d". 

197.500. FH. Warren A CO. 
Tel 1 01 785 6222 

•VEST FUTNET beaatHuBp tie- 
rtrtted detached family hotw 2 
bate. 2 recep. te* vn^orrok. 
WC. utility Earner, ®Vf ST pkq. 
aa* CH. 140* gen. £290.000 
FH Wanna 6 Gb. Tel. 01 7(M 

i urns, deanra tines am >M» 
slock*. AC lyn« of footwear 
vm n M ereo. Dtrtance no oMect, 
imrmuaK decision IM pay- 
ment Tef Sbcxtwro 6t<UO. T. 
Ban SOTbes LAI- Htal St. 
Black burn. Land 
Lee qty- Jecus/Mpeyerfeux t 
■taon/gLainour. Sampirs/prke* 
Boulevard 01-206 561b 
T-sMrta. Afl **• * colour*. 
500 as aflame. Samples sent 
Tel: 031 067 2066. 

vXtDT* AS teadtog make*. Oh 
364 2393 i24 nrv 



SmAWKRRV tOLL, Twicken- 
ham. 4 ons room. 2 nadwooro. 
ncti. fully rumpled nt»<n houw 
with parage in Fortesque Park 
Crtan- Ow to amqnlQK. 
Strawberry Hiti main l int H a- 
Don and local Wwols £20000 
pcm. comp any let aiafla&ie 
now. M 01-8288600 H 2464 

OUT SALMON require yaw Jap. 
liar Daintier i under 20.000 
mileii. fmmnftaie deewfon. 
banket* draff. luUenwnie rev. 
lemon Tel: Mark LrvetaOl 396 

9IMV 0836-202956. 

Y12C TYPC2+2 auto. 1972. red. 
62.000 mis aenuna. owner lor 
last 13 years, very 9b9d comu- 
(kmi. CTJOO. 0630 71382. 

Oar.SnvtBe Uphoirt. H/S Too. 
I Own, -6. 700 ra. fSH. 88 (O 
£23u4S0. 8 A K Tltomas Not- 
■tndm 822333 £«ee/WfceBds 

lope. Stock Hide. S 2.000 rules. 
Superb Co n Mtto n . 1 Owner. 
FSH. 12 Manm Warrantee 
£11.960 Tel: 0636-704060 
Sum 0636-71432 111 
1MB B RES lapoar XJS HE 
20000 mn. Cranbury MataOle. 
doestoo Jealber interior. 
atroowL dw windows, cruise 
co nt rol. £17.860. 0706212335 
UMffl SOVEREMN « Hue, 
■naouaL req- am* 1982. 
34.000 mile*. Price circa 
£8000 Trt Bnstnea 031-226 
6881. Heme 031447 1820 
E-TTFE V12 2*2 1971. MmoL 
fled .-Black toL Wire wheels. 
Exreflqal conditton. Tax A 
MOT. £9X00 Tef: 031 557 

MVEBaSN «J Cr ai m erry wire 
Oocskto UPfnfrt 1 Own. r8H 
13.O00 nt ftag 84. C14.7 » B* 
k Thomas Namoquam 822338 
tm/VMM T203ST 
Via STTK 1974. Prfnwoae yef- 
low 53.000 min, Fun service 
History Cl«X eowffitoiv 
£9 j 2S0 l rinunuge Kent 
(0680) 62999 T 

XJS U Auto. YWew with Blue 

i tamer tm. 39,000 mites, fub 
service BMMty. 1979. EKJO- 
nonol condiaon. £SJ3S0. 
Farntiarouqh <0689/ 62999 T 
82 T XfS MK Sfettl red/Mw* 
tasttwr. stereo. 40.000 miles 
Excwkeul example. £10,995 
prim cftd'enhan.Midd*. Tel: 
RlWllp 108966) 74246. 
MGUM AUTO, bronze metallic. 
43X300 miles. Ta* and MOT. 
£5.760- mmiaculaie. DaneniH 
108281 790383. 

MUU/DIHI2 1981/86. 
Owner of 46 wfutir rang*. 
£4.996 £19.000 Ex. 19 years. 
PX. Tel 01-564 9833 EasmttTl. 
JUS VI 2 rn 1985 a Boom 
Green met. low mueape. War- 
rant* £20-996. John Ud 0332 

f3 rm Met Blue. 1 Owner. 
FSH. 54.000 m. £6,900 
waytaridp e ana LU. Trt: 
09 S 2 S 8 B 66 



idMy: England v New Zesfcno 

Southend: Essex v L todtoMtoaMre- 

Naith: aaoxxgan v Wore^Wtowe - 
BrtsiDfcStaueretorsNrev Sussex 
Northampton; Noftnatnytunsnire 


Woricop: N OU in gha n ahire v Yoriatere 

?5opkv sent- 


Svfanseajfl MfnofgyvN orthaigiritift**** 


ifteS Bridge NuuinHi ifl» a Wre v New 


NeriVest semi-fin**®) » 


Sf±“S3S‘-« • 


I FAflito 



ri iiii lti niiiiiinTiiTn--**i“'““ , '1 

SSS , .& 

Portamoutit: Hampahre vOaroystera^ 

Southport: Lancashire v Notengfwnotere 

Leicester LecesBfshire v Gtemagsn 

The Ovet Sunay v Esaex 
Hore: Sussex vVforceaterahxe 

6 -h v mWp Y a rk s Nm v Kant 


TaunfmrSomff^v Sixrey 


TOuKSwawra®: aumtog*' v 


little to " 
England in 



The only 

eain trxsta vk 

rLoesariuit Derbyshire vYoiksrtre 




Taunton: Somarauiv Surrey 

gSa^ V %fw*ci« v 

■ Y/g^S^WomSur v uticestanhire 



Coichesac.^tew * Oouca^mrere - 

Bournemouth: . Hampshire v 


in Atisawr 

Norway, iwflttortwjj' 

T>c mens sole success was 
agdok Gihralter. an d _• ihc 

junior aMa lx**s W gte 
sad Bw Ush story of to* of 


agter. v 

EdgbBsaxi: Warwickshire » Lancastere 
Worcester: Wo/castarahire 

Gtau c eteershk a 

ECO* Vale: Gtemorgan v Derbyshire 
Southampton: Hampshire 

Heatonglay: Yrte^tira v Mkktiea an 


coaches, And rew 
Lowcznowsid for die meo-fud 

at the end of tfwir 
counsels. Bo*fa 
obvious reason for EogmuFs 
(Outiouitig UkA of sa ccen in 
Europe. The fioo; *9®#. 
who beat TurStcy 3-0 m tbar 
feat art based *°&**jjp * 
uain for four bow* * 
itfeal cotHfirions. Tb Qf at fega- 
fc saoMls in sD bm nanut^The 

si^^asEsss? . 

Crietrotofil- Essex v Surrey 

OW T /a Herd: Lancashire v 

G teuee s te ra tere 

Leicester: Leicester stairo * 



tLat 1 

Lrtcester. Locas tereta re v SwmisM 

TTS^^^Bten dYoygO i i uLaterev 
S o L8i*a Ycxmg 


Noriharrmrorc Norihamptoototire v Ketd. 
Teuton: Sanarste v Lancastere 
GoOdfortt Surrey v Sussex 
Worcester: Worcestershire i 


Derby: Derbyshre v Worc85tentxre 
Cenvff: Glamorgan v Sussex 
Bristok Gkxxssterernre v Yoriohfca 
Maidstone: Kent v Somersat 
Laieester Laicesterehire v Hamptotoe 
Uxbndga: Mktdte9ex v Sunay 
Trent 8ridga: Nbttmghamshira v 

Cheknsforct Essex v New Zeatendere 


Lord's: Oxford Ui teera ft y v Gantxidge 


2 SSS& 5®^. 

Old Trattord: Lancashtaa y Essex 
Uxbridge: MfddtaeexvtatenaUtehire 
Taumorr Somerset v Hampshire 
The CNot Surrey vNortrtarnptonsMnp 
Worcester Worcestershire v 

HuV for Scarborougtg: Yorkshire « 



jesflKtod: England » v Rest of the Wterte 



jesmonct Bntfand XI v Rest ot the Wtorid 

Cheltenham: Gloucestershire v 

Canterbury Kent v leioe ate rehee 
Old Trattord: Lancashire v Yorkghare 
Lord's: MxMtesax v North am pto ns hire 
Weston-super-Mare: Somerset v 

Enoiisb women aie lucky fo bm 
infivc or tiarbow** weefc.- : 

Austria. t&emenV bast* 
bees t ntnrig g « * .SGaad. for 
about 20 hours a week for nioe 
smxcs»v* .weeks. :Endnd^ 

atea hod fosree damps , 
before «chts_io Vitsina. B m 
test Ed^ws lad to bans to 
pjjy Austria, u&rccofnizabte 
from foe team, of tosz seoba 
who were foes at Esrfand’p 
fcvd, in fodr first match: The 
i ns pire d Aasatons-wra.M ami 
went on to finish fourth ovetan, 
their best perfixmaaoe. 

The F ttgRwvt mens most 
enoounvmc pctforao m ce, yaa 
amiast Soaio. Dtovina foraplaaii. 

m t&e fast dgbt 

• 'tsssssass^. 

Eastbourne: Sussex v E»ax 

•Darby. Derbyshire v New Zetoandere 
onst MATCH 

•HaadMejcEngtend Young OcfcatBrsv 
Sri umka Young Cncketws (first 

MKastone: Kara v Essex 

Lanc ashire v Sunvy 

Leffieswr Leicestei sbpe v Sgmety 
ir^rft- wrdnwrtv uWttrceaarUOT 


Cheltenham: Gfoucasterstura v 

Hampshire ^ ' 

Csiterbury: Kant v Lafcastera&ire 
OtoTraHortk Lancashire v Yorkshire 

lord's (Mdeeax v NorihamptateNre 
Trent Bridge: NottUighemstMre v 

Weston-super-Mare: Somersat v 

Yorkshire v 

OTHtR HAlwm . . : , 

Edgbaston: W at wkR Undar-25 fimti (one 

S m^OT ugh: 0. B. Cjcea's. 30 v.lMf 

2etoanders (three dey4 / 





HmSotMivNte&dHln . 

»gore FlATai 8PEClALLPODi 

Car fe^S tt StV^ sate Brahte a 

Oto Trtotont Lencatotire 9 Eaex 
Lord's Udtoaaax v Wtareridrahka 
Tring: N uuiuan x m aftoav Surrey 
Taireon: SomeriatvHatoptoiea 
Worcester Worcestershire a 

Eastbowne: Sussex vEaatei 
Edfoestoft Warwick sh ire vSorrey 

Warw i tAdrire made a record 
profit of £89.015 last year, with 
income exceeding £i million for 
foe first time: The anneal report 
reveals that foe dub have spent 
£500.000 over the last two years 
in developing Edgbaston as a 
Test centre. 

amnstont Essex yMddesax - 
Cheltenham: Gloucestershire v 

Ireland Exmoitih or Trent Bridgs 
Devon or NDCnghamMre v SceOtnd 
or Kent 

Hove or Bkvy St Edmonds: Sussex or 
Suttofc v Staffordshire or Samornan 

North* rnptoa: Norttamptoastere v 
QttsDocgm - 

Weston-super-Mare: Somerset, .r 

CtaWH: Qamorgan v NatenghsmstWa 
raSSuonKiSckv VtotmOaS*^ 

The Ovat Surrey vGtoucastentevw. .. - 
Worcester WorcasterotartvSaMenH . 
OTHER MATCH _ — _ „■ 
Scarborough: ASDA Chtotange: Essex » 

iS ttBSS* ■: 

ScatoD^j^ Otoimi: as*- 

Seartxxough: ASOAOtetenge. fktet ( <xia 

t&mrs-* HATWE5T TROPHY. 

OU Trattord; lancadwev Sorters* 

Trent Bridge: N0ttw» s »8ftirevBMex 
Hov* Sussex v Hampshire 
■ Worcester Worcestaahfa v Gteaxxgm . 
Scarborough: York»Wra'- ; . v 

• tSca^ffSSS»»iOMSHi» 

CMTtsHotd: lancstotoevSoearaec ' . 
Trent Bridge No ttiogiamaWre v Easat . . , 

before kfiiw foe fourth set aad 
foe maidi T7'i5^ having bees 
14-7 npL “Thai was our best 
performance m a tang tunc.” 
Lo w e zuowd d says. Spain went 
West Oenriamy^ v*o beat Taf- 

. Swrm, sdfo . waul* to tt»- 
jnmeas foe womenb coach. was 
cheesed by .foe q a argenc e of 
gpod. syicnay toBl a nd by the 
coofoung stoiiug service of 
AM'Jan&tbfAs&MRnbe. who 
Dcvr tos a record 166 caps for 
rp fbnrf sbe taB prw ni re d io 

oiayon foratleasf aoofoerjear 
• The Roqnl Bank Scottish Cop 
final akBuadowbank ouM*y;4 
wiff be between Krystal Ktao; 
the kagne dumqaotts, and 

, BeOdnU Cardma^: who beg. 
MIM 34H&foesenu-&nata. *P^I 
wotoenVfintf w3i be between 
Provincial fnanaarefnd Team 

Scottish Farro. 


7ha OvaL SsrrajT V Lancasrare 

EmotXKsns: Sussex * Deioy^*e 


Buxtorc Dertjvshira v Lancsttw* 
Chotertimi: ODucestersIwe v Mddfessc 
Southampton: Ham p sh ire vSuaswt 
Leicester Leicasiorshfcevasax ; 
WeBngtxirough School: Northamptcn- 
stwBvSomersat • 

Tha Ovat Surrey y WteL—fuhlre 
Edgbssten: Warwickshire v Kent 
Hoafingtey: Yorkshire v Glamorgan 

Chaknstavd: Eojpud Yoimg Criijratere v 
Sri L anka Young Crickaters {ttrctooa- 


Btetton: Dmbytoire v LancaaMr e 
ChsRrtti te BceiouceBtersMrevM Id i a s —y 

Derby or Tnxo: Derbyshire cv Comwal v 
Cheshire or Sunay 

Cheshire or Surrey 

Heafingtoy or Wisbach: YortsttTO or 
Cambridgeshrt V NoritamptonsMre 

Norwich tt a l te nl— » Nfinor Counties s 
New ZeatendBrs 

*8c«borouMc Yorkshire v Mm 
"EdgriasiDn (or Old TrsHordta Wsnrick. 
sites for Lancashire B W s rs teM Mre 
in B & H Ftnsgv Nevr ZeManders 

Oialmslard: Essex v Samsrste 

Scarborough: . Ypritshk* « 

• . North aHte tonsWre • • ■■ ■ . 

i^c 5 lStychampio*mbp. 
Cnreatoorfl: Essex vOanamtoi _ ~ 

Bristet GtoiXtesterahxevWorcaaMrshire 

Southampton: Ha n mtXre vUocartsra 
CaRtartxHyrKantvmkSnax . . ; 
Trent Brafpe: NotttoghteBshire v 

Tough hurdle 
fih holders 

Taunaoir Samerset v Derbyshire 

TlieOte: Surrey v L a te e a iraa f tire- . 
Edgbaston: Wtewfekstere v Smwnc 

ChtonstoRfc Essex vCaemoroap 
Southampton: Hampaha* v Lancashire 
CBWBrtMy Karxr JOriJ rige . . . . 
Trent Brkige: Hottinghabrehire v 

Ttaonton: Somersat v Derbyshire 
The Ovat Surrey v Utea sw re Nre - 
EdattBten: Warwickshire 9 Susew 
S: Eton v- Harrow. Augute te MCC 
Schools v Ntotonte Anocttokm of 

Wetivutxvough Sdnofc H ori h t pteri- 

ThaOvat SuiayvWcrcexterahire 


ScmtcwaBteYinrit il teiv Q iB m wg a n - 

Vborig CMcfterers (hvo4ays), * NCR 
YOirtg Cricketers v Combined Ser- 

Op m 
Rnto. - 
•Sunday ptey. 

ra v Contemad Ser- 
. 23: WMam Younger 
Norsk Hydro VOfos 

The retftaoigBtf finals of fop 
women's, national clubs 
dtampioriship wiM late place oft 
Sunday at foe Umvtcaty of 
Essex (Joyce W h i t ehead wntes). 

The programme has been 
cortaded because of foe weather 
and onhr foe two semi-finals and 
foe fmaS wfl! be played. Matches 
sort at. 10.0am, with ' Ealhre 
playing Orpington and Skngfi 
ptoyfog Ipswich- i 

The two South dubs Eafifc 
md | jSj ough^ will take ^ew 

xwbe disoMn^^Si5t Sat- 
urday in Fetobmough Eating 
and Ipswich each sooted nine 
goals in their four matches, 
compared with six by Sough 
and fora- by Orpington. Slough 
have won the ch a mpionship 
twice, m 1982 and 83. 

Law Report April 25 1986 

Sogat branch funds are not at 
risk in union sequestration 

News Group Newspapers Ud 
and Others v Sogat 82 
Before Lord Justice Lawton, 
Lord Justice Uoyd and lord 
Justice GtideweH 
I Judgment given April 24] 

Funds raised by contributions 
from members of a local union 
branch and retained by the 
branch for local purposes did 
oot fall to be considered as part 
of Sogat 82 funds in proceedings 
for sequestration. The branches 
and the various chapels of the 
brandies were ■‘unincorporated 
associations” that were in law 
entitled to own property in their 
own rights. 

The Court of Appeal in 
reserved judgments so held in 
allowing the union’s appeal 
from Mr Justice Taylor in foe 
Queen’s Bench Division (The 
Times March 26, 1986) who had 
decided that the funds of foe 
London branch of dericaL 
administrative and executive 
personnel and foe syndication 
international clerical chapel 
formed part ofSogafs funds. 

To decide foe issue it had 
been necessary to consider the 
constitution of the onion and to 
apply foe law relating to foe 
bolding of property by unincor- 
porated associations. - 
The union had about 200,000 
members. Each member be- 
longed to a branch and in eveiy 
place of employment where two 
or more members worked they 
had to form and join a cfaapeL 
The assets of foe London 
branch were held by trustees: foe 
chapd was only small and had 
no trustees bolding its funds. 

The rules of the union distin- 
guished between a branch’s 
property and the union’s. Mem- 
bers bad to contribute to onion, 
branch and chapd funds. Rules 
provided that local funds “shall 
be the property of tire branch". 

The branches were respon- 
sible to the union for the 
coflection of foe contributions 
to the union’s funds. 

could hold property for foe 
benefit of its members. 

Further, it was said.' that in 

Further, it was said,' than in 
the cash of a social dub which. 
did not have trustees foe mem- 
bers who held its property did so 
on behalf of all other me mb ers 
and that was what had occurred 
in the case of the chapd. 

Both sides relied on deeidpA 
cases. It was unnecessary to 
review them as there was no 
doubt that persons could {rind 
themselves together aS fin 
association, pay subscriptions 
and validly devote funds, in 
pursuit of some lawful uon- 

ctarittbfe object (In re Recher’s 
WiU Trust ([1972J Cfa 526)) and 
foe contractual rights and uabiL 
mes of members might be such 
mat members could not sever - 
their shares which would accrue 
to other mcanbeis on death or jk 
resignation: see Neville Estates^ 

v Madden (TO 62 ] Ch 8321 

oeesaed on foe construction of 
foe union's rules and those of 
foe London branch. As both sets 
or rules provided that the prop- 
erty and funds of the London 
branch were to be held for foe 
benefit oTthat branch, it fol- 
fowrad that ns property and 

fonds ywe not foe property of 

SrfEPIS 001 subject 

to foe order of sequestration. - 

Lord Justice Lloyd and Lord 
Justice Glitteweli delivered 
concurring judgments. 

Solicitors: Coward Chance: 
Russell Jones & 

Mr John Mowbray, QC and 
Miss Elizabeth Slade for foe 
branch and chapd; Mr George 

Newman, QC and Mr James 
Eadie for foe sequestrators, 
instructed at the instance of 
News Group Newspapers. 

said that os February 10 foe 
Hieh Court ordered that News 

High Court ordered that News 
Group Newspapers be at liberty 
to issue a writ of sequestration 
to sequester all foe real and 

When the rules of both foe 
union and foe London branch 
were construed, not as if they 
were in a statute or deed but as 
foe terms of a cont ra ct, the 
intention manifested by the 
words used was that the local 
firnds of the London branch 
were to be used solely for the 
benefit of such ofits members as 
u had at any one time, provided 
that any expenditure was for 
purposes in conformity with 
union objects. 

The sequestrators submitted 
foal as a matter of law all funds 

personal property of the union 
for contempt of a court order. 

The sequestrators thereafter 
applied to Mr Justice Taylor for 
directions because a London 
branch of the union and a chapel 
of that branch claimed that their 
funds were not subject to 
sequestration because they were 

not the property of the union- 
The judge found against them. 

The case was important to 
other branches and chapels of 
foe union - there being 94 
branches and numerous chapels 
with total funds amounting to 
many millions. 

It might also be important to 
other unions having rules which 
made provision for branches to 
possess their own funds. 

and property held by branches 
were die property or foe union. 
The union, it was said could 
only hold property because Par- 
liament so decided. 

• •r * I i 

5 ‘ \ h)! 

JL ^ 20 ‘“incorporated 

1. J . ““WllWIBBQ 

body whose property was hekl 
by trustees for foe purposes of 
foe union — ‘ 

the union whifo'^T^ 
exclusively charitable. 

It followed, h was said, that 
iwfooui statutory recognition 
the trustees would be hoWine 

nmitoiT u m •- r. 

il YOt \Y\Yi 

part of foe union, not separate 
trade unions. 

For foe defendants, it was 
argued that each branch was an 
urtifloorporated association fom 

J sXth 

_ mw > JJ* !*u. «1 

.«*..• :• 

• ae-j: 

1 "i— .. 

• •: v • • p- .. 

'■7" 3 * 

C*SE" A.: 

®g ruk 

• V 

V • 

YA. . 

•V’ ' » 

KV* ; 

n * a. 

V % * Olympics 
?Ji* 3 a goal for 

By Rex Bellamy 
r Players from the Soviet- 
.. . ,.Union are popping np all over 
~rhe place these days. The 
. . .-halloa's return to international 

■ - *htp«iriaB is part of its iong- 

, lSrm preparation for 1988, when 

jjtnuus.will return to the Olym- 
*pic programme. The game' may 
not matter much u> the Soviet 
2 -Union but the Games do. 
c Leila Meski and Natalie 
•• ’ s Zvereva have both done well at 
^Que en’s Club this week in the 
^second of five tournaments cm 
“the Lawn Tennis Associ ati on 
x spring circuit. 

'■ Better known players on the 
gJiinge of yesterday's action were 
f tJo Dune and Annabel Craft. 

t who are taking a break from 
. ^-competition, Miss Craft played 
.. jjast week but, except for a 
^tournament in Tokyo, will not 
' . ' ^compete again until the French 

■ _ ; ♦. champi onships, from May 26 to 

S, Miss Durie, who has 
~2Jeady bad six weeks off, win 
5 resume competition in Berlin 
■ *. .-(May 12-19) and, meantime, is 
' trying to find shale courts in a fit 
{.condition for practice. 

•\ - - Miss Durie and her coach, 
. Alan Jones, were at work by 8.30 

- .yesterday. Neither finds that 

- r son of thing addictive but both 
• ^suspect -that the best perfor- 

^maoce of Miss Dune’s career 
„ : .may have been on shale: when 
•' Ishe heat Tracy Austin cm her 
--way to the 1983 French semi- 





Scottish Reel to revel in Sandown mud 

By Mandarin (Miduel Phillips} 

; way to 

French semi- 

" 5 finals. Nothing much has been 

. . j. heard of Miss Austin since Miss 
“Durie took her game apart on 
“that golden day in Plans. 
r Yesterday Jane Wood, who 
- also works with Jones, took a 
: ^bad . beating frpm Karen 
: . |&him per of South Africa, aged 
- , » l 8. Miss Wood wore a jumper 
T that. raised visions of an angel 
: * „cake. She is sometimes known 

- -as tiie “Enfield Rifle" but, on 
. "shale, finds that top many shots 

, recoil from the targets. Both 
‘ f players may have been dis- 
~ "traded and insulted when some 

- chap dragged a loaded dustbin 

• . the lengthoftbe court He was 
gtiinside the netting, of course. 

' “but the implications were hardly 
I flattering. 

V Fukiko Osawa came all the 
„way from Tokyo to beat 
► Kumiko Okamoto of Osaka in a 
Vmaich that could obviously 
„have been arranged more 
cheaply. The same point could 

- “be made about the all-Swedish 
jnatch between Gorin Jexell 

* vand Helena Olsson. 

_ “ The red meat of the men's 

- .-JKogramme was a domestic 

match in which a former Davis 

- 7Cup player. Jonathan Smith, 
' aged 31 , was beaten 2-6, 6-2. 6-4 
by Mike Walker of Colwyn Bay, 

1<, »T aged TO. Denys Maasdorp beat 
ZZ Stephen Botfield of ChingfonL 
the only man to reach the 

- •• quarter-finals two. weeks nm- 
• • v rung. Conny Falk had to retire 
. . . because of a- bad -back, which 

may have something tp do with 
the £aa that Falk has a longer 
back than most people. Conny is 
"an unusual name lor a man. The 
jonly other one I know plays the 

- flESULTS: Woman** cMnt »»cond 
- rennet LUeaW (USSR) btY Baikova (Cz) 


With the going at Sandown 
Part: now certain to be very 
soft, the conditions look abso- 
lutely ripe for Scottish Red to 
give of his best again. In the 
rircumstanees he looks -a good 
nap to win the valuable- group 
two Trnsthonse Forte Mile. 

When he won the group 
three Diomed Stakes at Ep- 
som last June the going under 
foot was almost identicaLThat 
day he left a pretty useful field 
struggling in his wake and won 
easing up by 12 lengths. 

Later in the season Scottish 
Reel had both Vin de France 
and Young Runaway, two of 
his rivals this afternoon, di- 
rectly behind in third and 
fourth places when he was 
beaten a. length and a half info 
second place by Bairn in the St 
James's Palace Stakes at Royal 

The interesting thing about 
that result is that it makes 
Scottish Reel out to be the 
equal of Supreme Leader, who 
finished exactly the same dis- 
tance behind Bairn in the 
2,000 Guineas. And as anyone 
who was at Newmarket nine 
days ago will testify Supreme 
Leader is a pretty smart horse 
on his day, judged on the way 
that he won the Eari of Sefton 
Stakes. On a line through 
Supreme Leader, who misses 
today's race to wait for 
tomorrow's Westbury Stakes, 
Field Hand would appear to 
have no chance of beating 
Scottish Reel, even at a differ- 
ence of 31b. 

Twelve months ago Eric 

Legrix wore Daniel 
Wildensiein's colours when 
partnering Vacarme , who was 
second to Pebbles in this 
event. Now a similar result 
could well be the best that the 
Parisian art dealer can hope 
for from Vin de France, 
especially as the conditions 
look tailor-made to suit Scot- 
tish Reel, whose trainer, Mi- 
chael Stoute, has been eyeing 
this prize all winter. 

With 19 hunters still stand- 
ing their ground, the Audi 
Grand Prix de Chasse looks 
like being a splendid culmina- 
tion of 32 qualifying races that 
has been staged at point-to- 
points in England, Scotland 
and Wales 

While Tawny Myth and 
Brigadier Mouse are two of the 
most prolific winners between 
the flags I find it hard to 
imagine either them beating 
Border Borg, who has been 
much too strong for even 
Etiogajty and Royal Judge- 
ment in his last two races at 
Ludlow and Ascot and that is 
saying something. Also Border 
Burg will be ridden by one of 
the fittest and most accom- 
plished men in the sport, Peter 

The Audi Sport Handicap 
may be won by Bloodless 
Coop, who will be fitter for 
that run behind Accuracy at 
Newbury a week ago. Interest- 
ingly it was on similar ground 
to this that be ran his best race 
last year to win the Morland 
Brewery Trophy, albeit on the 
disqualification of LemhilL 

Kingscote and 
Asteroid Field 
miss Guineas 

# ; «J 

MlBliiii ..-iV :4 


s mm 

John Dunlop's Efisio, who is among Scottish Reefs rivals for the Trusthouse Forte Mile 

From Newmarket I hear 
that Magic Slipper is fancied 
to make a triumphant start to 
her racing career by winning 
the Childwick Bury Maiden 
Fillies' StakesJt would be an 
appropiate victory because the 
race is named after her owner 
Jim Joel's stud, where she was 
bred and reared. 

By Habitat, out of the dam 
of two classic winners already. 
Fairy Footsteps and Light 

Cavalry, Magic Slipper cer- 
tainly has a lot going for her on 
paper. By all accounts she 
shapes nicely too. 

Barley Bill, a derisive win- 
ner of a handicap in soft 
ground at Nottingham already 
this season, looks the best bet 
at Thirsk. to win the Levy 
Board Apprentice Handicap 
Stakes. Game Times may well 
be good enough to beat the 
recent course and distance 


Televised: 235, 33, 3.40, 4.10 
Going: soft with heavy patches 
Draw 5f , high numbers best 


DLrtng 8-11 

B Thomson 4 
— N Dml 
. WCatamS 


101 s 

103 0 



110 BHUTTLEriXK GML (H Sedanest] W Jarvis 811 WttSwtaham3 

114 0 WSETBESfCCpaOMUftaarSTl A Keaton* 2 

4-5 Bflchemtt, 4-1 Saxon Star. 6-1 Btua Tango. 10-1 Shutttocock GW. 18-1 Wise 

Timas. Bern Win. 

^ mm 

Sandown selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 BechemaL 235 Bloodless Coup. 3.5 SCOTTISH REEL (nap). 

3.40 Border Burg. 4.10 Northern Trust. 4.40 Magic Slipper. 5.10 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 Saxon Star. 235 Revisit. 3.5 Scottish Red. 4.10 little Pipers. 

4.40 Magic Slipper. 5.10 Dajgadiyr. 

Michael Seely’s selection: 3.5 SCOTTISH REEL (nap). 

G J Hamer 10-12-0 _ 
lwogood8-ll-0 — 

. P Hamer 
- T Moore 

412 1204 YELLOW JERS _ . 

413 m AHYiL VALLEY (S^fiohigoad) SJ Ttarogood 91 1-1 

414 00/P1M GAME TRUST (C Nash) CWfiash 10-1 1-5 ” LHantoy 

415 QH*/3-8 GEieUU. RULE (0 Vaughan^ones) 0 VaugharuJcnes 

0-1 1-90 VAaghUKkaiM 

416 8RI Km>I»EAimQ(tCroseiwaltttLCroe8vraitB»-11-9 TRead 

418 38004/P UKE-A-LORD (J BtrtUp} J H Butxdpe 1811-8 PHaekteg 

419 300- PWL GREY (Mrs R Brafchtey) Mrs Rmtctitey 811-9 SLm 


421 001 1UF/ TRUST TO UKKflWTotaKQWJTahwSt 8-1 1-9 WTobint 

422 0P032/F- LE JOUR KUmWE (P Ptiday) P Prtday 11-1 V4 DTtam 

. 2-1 Border Bibo. 9-2 Qiy Boy. 8-1 YeAow Jersey. 7-1 Game Trust 8-1 Tawny 

Myth, 10-1 BrfgAdtar Mouabl fo-1 Genaral Rute. HB Express. 20-1 others. 

(11-7) 4th beaten 68L 13 'nri. 
49 to Gtogmty (1248 20 ran. 
(11-7) won 9 

May 27.HXEO 
beaten I3t 11 ran. 
beaten S to Arctic 

2m St hunch 

14 ran. Taunton 3m it fun chgood to soft Apr 3 
horn Banfciide (11-7) 12 rim. Rxaweil 3m 2f good 
2nd beaten 61 to Ursar (12-B) wdh PHIL GREY (11 -4)5th 
w 3m 3f hun eti soft May 27. TAWNY MYTH (1141 2nd 
(11-4) 10 ran. Ctapetow 3m him ch soft Apr 9. 

BOY (12-01! 
Apr 4. Ktill 

Z35 AUDI SPORT HANDICAP (£4^00: tm 8f) {11) 

202 12U1-9 IB5VIS1TTO(RGr»e^JWlniar 4-8-U) — I WRSwWxanS 

203 4TM04 BtOODtS* COUP (TMmMM^M Uebr 488 O McKay 10 

206 6000/01 HOLY SPARK/JLaetoDSsworth 894 |4aX) Pat ' Mery 5 

207 OSOfS CBKA(tTMAnore)JOti993 : JR#M9 

210 TOR A LARK p Lawson) DA Wtecn 4-8-1 3 Sttuttanl 

212 210000- ALSO KBtG (Mrs VUnstord)DOuditonSa-10 — : BCroaateyS 

213 214901 MUON RHIN (A Rtoran^ H OTN mI 584— 8DHraon7 

214 30304-0 AlEmAnAMAWBStBfCfe*)CBe«toacl444 B Room 2 

217 SB0013- BELL ANOOHAfOMB»Wo)FDutr 4-88 W Wood* (3) 4 

220 003300- SHUTTLECOCK STAR (A Cmt») J Bridgar 4-7-7 NAdw. 8 

221 000032/ HU. OP DREAM W(CHarvey)GGraeey 97-7 DBro«o(7)11 

11-4 Hohr Spark. 7-2 Revisit 11-2 Milton Bum, 7-1 Oma. 8-1 BaBanoora. 10-1 

BtoocflassCouph For A Lark. 12-1 Ahtoa. 20-1 others. 

wWi REVtSlT (82) 9h beeun 
; (8-2) won 1W hum Kentod 

4.10 MARCUS BERESFORD HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £3,074: 5f) (10) 

(S Anruda) M E Ftands 9-7 
l(B Yam) P Maktn 9-7 — 
IHSCrowe) A Ingham 96 _ 
od Brokers Ltd) Q Lew 96 

501 UMOO CRETC CARGO (MJSAnrudoJMEFrtncis 9-7 Paul Eddery S 

502 0t0- TREASURE KAY (n(G Yates) PMakki 9-7 BThomumQ 

503 2120-33 WEST CARRACK (D) (S Crowe) A Ingham 96 SCauJhenS 

504 02331- COWLEAT (0) (Food Brokers Ltd) G Lews 96 PWbMr»4 

50 5 104000- Lrm£IWW2cpt(CtaiWlw^SluflJWMsr96_ WR9rihbom2 

506 10203 NORTHERN TRUST (D) (T Herraninga) C Natson 9-0 JRatolO 

SOB 030-13 LOFT BOY (ffl(Mro&ABwrigm)NVlgora 8-10 S Dawson (3)7 

510 08-1 PLATMEjEoroien Troelar Lw) R Smpaon 84 KRadcWemi 

513 2420(H) NORTHERN LAD (Mm DRedfemJJ Holt 7-12 C Rutter (5)? 

514 000- LA MALMAtSON (Ft Leans) R Hannan 7-7 RR«8 

52 west Cerreck. 7-2 ptatme. 9-2 Norftetn Trust 114 Loh Boy. 8-T Morthem 

Lad, ID-1 Treasure Key. 12-1 Uttte Pipers. 20-1 others. 


King rules 


By Jenny MacArthnr 

A chance ride forJacky King 
in yesterday's novice section of 
r the Tid worth Army trials in 
Hampshire enabled the Dorset 
rider to finish first and third m 
section three of the trials, spon- 
sored by MacConnal-Mason 
■"IMercedes. Victory came on 
Jonathan Cox's horse, Softie - 
Cox cracked his ribs in a team 
chase two weeks ago — and Third 
. place came on her own six-year- 
old Fleerwatcr Oppidan. 

“It should have been the other 
way round," said Miss King. 
She hod never sat on Softie 
before yesterday, but had a 
superb round in whai was the 
horse's first competitive event. 

. Sue Benson, a top inter- 
national rider, had a comfort- 
able win in the first novice 
section on the eight-year-old 
Bally HilL an Irish gelding who, 
she hopes, will eventually re- 
place her former top horse . Bally - 
Valley, who has now retired. 
Both horses are owned by Hugh 
Neil, the chairman of the Horse 

Angela Tucker, who was se o- 
ond in this section on Rosemary 
Thomas's Red Ruddigore, also 
had a surprise ride. Her hus- 
band. Michael was due to ride 
the seven-year-old but after a 
week away ai Badminton he hap 
too much work to do an his 
farm. Straight after completing 
her round yesterday, Mrs 
Tucker had to rush 10 the 
dressage arena where she was 
judging a fcuer section. 

Leslie Law ended a successful 
two days at Tidworth when ne 
won section two on Mrs K. 
Gucsi-Albert's Somethin an 
fr eight-year-okl tormer tmdtue- 
wetghi show hunter, desenoea 
as “a bit speriaT by UpwjOb 

■ Wednesday Law finished firm in 
the open intenmediaie ctassra 
Welion Apollo. .Ph° ebe 
Alderson, who had been ine 
char leader of novice section 

■ two after her supertsdresrage on 

; Mr and Mrs Welmans 

Beecbwalk, dropped down to 
second place after coflecimg 14 
time fouhs across touavs- 

' tteSULT&i 


37. Sadias IV: 1. 


27 . 

H, 15 not R 

QuHRflMil tifnii. Kampton im«t #o« Apr 6 . CMA(92)Bk 1 betoBnato^aireqr I 
11) wsh 8U)0DiE8SCCUP(92) 6ft brwton 71S. 17 ntoNsHtowy 2m hfctp son 4«j-. 
FOR A LARK (8-13) 8&1 to Arrow Bade (8-7) 11 r»n. Ednburgh 1m 41 heap 0pod0a7. 
BEU>NOOfMlB-li)ardbaatan3K( to JoM(9-(Q3ran. RadcarSmsttawm 0ct24. 
SatocKoo: REVBlT 

3^ TRUSTHOUSE FORTE MILE (Group It E2M80: 1m) (7) 

301 41016- YOUNQ RUNAWAY RQ (S Ntocta^ GHvwqoO 486 QStKtoyl 

302 302119- 9tStO(MrsMLaidqJDia4ap493 W Canon* 

303 3227/1-0 LfQH7NW P PSUJBI 19) (N Utanqjj*) P Krfaway 492 PCookl 

305 111240- SOTTTISH ABEL nipSimiayPaik Said MStrxdt 422. WRSwUomS 

309 03121-2 F ffiLD HAN D Sn^aw) BWU 490 BThnotnnS 

311 112110- PROTHI710Hm(HJwBH OBC8 4-94) SCaattiM4 

312 223148- VMDERMNrafO)PWBdanaWi4PBtanooM(Fr)4>90 ELaptaZ 

3-1 Scottish Md. 7-2 Mn da France. 82 Protection, Si Roto Hand. 8-1 EBato, 

Young Runaway. 20-1 Lightning Daaiar. 

FORM; YOUNG RUNAWAY S-im 13th to Brocadaffi-QwltbBPBROB-l 
14ran. Lonpch amp7f«MiaBnnOd27.glSO|92)wonhdAi»»riiap 
with SCOTTISH REEL (92) 7th Of 8. N o wma r kat 7f stks goad GO 17. 

DEALS! (8-13) 10th to Supreme Loader (8-10) wkh FELD HAND (910) 2nd. 10 ran. 
Nawmwkat im Itstfcs good nsott Apr 16. VRI DE FRANCE (9a 7tb beatan mar lllto 
Pattern (90) 10 reft Mawm a rkat im 2f good to Wa Oct 19. PHOI E CIION (913) SBi 
beaten Z«f to Lue^ fling (91« w«i smol fl-7) bid baoten W, 8 ran. OCncanr 7T 
good to firm Sap. 12. 


801 0000-4 MNABBlMiAjE MOQtoTl G Wmrj8-M AM EddWfS 

602 30- CHAUCE DF SILVER (U5A) (R Wfcon JrtM Jarvis 911 — WWoodsR4 

603 292 FAREWSi.TO LOVE (USA) (P Meflon) I Bttfing 911 PdEdflaryl 

604 0-1 NWAD (Makroum AJ Maktoum) B Hanlxav 811 QBastwS 

807 9 BOSt N0A(FR)jRokt«alfl Ltd) P K ato wa y 911 Gay Mamlfll 

^ v , (shre* Mohammed W Carton 6 

^ ae6HCec497 SCauttraoT 

618 VBKM1CA ANN E A Bon lad) C Notion 97 JRddS 

7-4 Magic SBpper. 92 FarawaB to Lorn, 91 NBkkJ, 7-1 Chafaca of Sflwr, 10-1 
AnnabeBna, 191 Another Pageant. 191 others. 

5.10 TUDOR STAKES (3-Y-O: E2JI21: Im) (9) 

10 000080 OUT OF 

T Quinn 6 

Pad Edddary 8 
_ J Reid 9 
G Batter 3 
0 T7wm*oa4 

iU FdTOdn4MBtarehard911 RCodwanat 

AOdrAOJ Tree 911 PatEAteryS 

GretDey) C Bnoam 811 SCadtwn2 

; 10820 Amir AiNMMa, 92 ProhWted, 91 Countarmina. 91 PtaxtoL 
Cardaw, 291 others. 

091 PROMOTED (C)(FSaknan)PCD(B 92 

042 AM»ALBAnmpq(HAM4alwdPWalwyn911 
009 CARDAVE (Cardaua Sdss Co LU) M McConmcfe 911 
COLEMAN MAWKMS (S Brewer) P Mahn 811 
DALGMKYR (H H Ag& Khan) ST Stoute 911 


French return 
on the cards 
for Dunwoody 

Richard Dunwoody had an 
enjoyable if unprofitable first 
taste of French fences when 
finishing eleventh on Dedsif in 
the £36.799 Prix Murat over 2% 
miles at Auteuil yesterday. His 
mount had not run since 
November and that race was bis 
only outing in the last 13 


Decisit a powerful gelding, 
will be much sharper next tune 
and Dunwoody has been invited 
back to ride the grey i n the Prix 
Millionnaire D at Auteuil on 
June 2 and the Grand 

Steeplechase. . 

Jean- Paul Gallonm, who 
urains Decisf sank ‘'Richard 
got on well with the horse and 
fve asked him if he would like 
to come over for a spell this 

Dunwoody said: “Decisif is a 
clever and neat jumper. He 
didn't make any mtstakes but he 
was a bh rosty. I thoroughly 
enjoyed the ride and hope to 
come back when 1 can." 

DecisifwBS well in touch until 
after the fourth last but then 
weakened steadily and beai only 
two home. The race was »ran by 
Francq ne vide, ridden by Roger 
Ducbene, who beat the 
favourite, Ba yon net. 

Cross Master toils in 
Punchestown chase 

From oar Irish Rac in g Correspondent, Dublin 

Cheltenham form ms tinned 
upside down on the final day of 
the four-day Punchestown meet- 
ing yesterday. The runners in- 
cluded two winners at the 
National Hunt Festival, Cross 
Master, the British chalk oger, 
and Attitude Adjuster, as wed as 
Sou of Ivor, who bad been a 
narrow looser hi the Triumph 
Hurdle, However, all three were 
defeated and only one of them. 
Attitude Adjuster, managed to 
finish in the first three. 

Carrying top weight. Cross 
Master ran well for a long wary hi 
the TattersaDs Gold Cop, a 
three- mile ha rid yap chase, bat 
he bad been jumpbag most 
erratically and after yet another 
blonder at the third-last Deuce Ire 
faded ost of costeflfioo. 

Paddy Mullins ran two horses 
here. Hangary Hot, who started 
favourite at 3-1. and Beni Quar- 
ter, who bad fell whea favourite 
the previous afternoon. 

Coming to the find , fence it 
was very much oo the cards fiat 
they would finish first and 
second, bat Ore The Last, who 
had been given a patient ride by 
Niall Madden, came wifi a 
strong challenge aad raced away 
on the flat to win nicely. 

Weekend racing 
under a cloud 

Today's meeting ax Sandown 
Park was given the go-ahead 
following an inspection yes- 
lerday afternoon although very 
heavy overnight rain could still 
put the meeting in jeopardy. 
Thirsk seems to have escaped 

the worst of the wet weather and 
the going on the Yorkshire track 

15 Both National Hunt meetings 
scheduled for today, at Hereford 
and Hexham, were abandoned 
yesterday afternoon following 
inspections — foe courses are 
waterlogged. This bn.ngs foe 
<8 nnnil*r of jump meetings lost 
tvtsM wftrawe JJ this season 10 12Z 
“STw jm «- inspections are planned today 
(C woetfOOi fofTthree of tomorrow's five 
IM-MBS Rfoon (HUOam), 

Leicester (noon) and Hexham 

(3pm). Tomorrow's other meet- 
ings are at Sandown, where the 
Whitbread Gold Cup is the 
feature race, and uttoxeter 
where the going is heavy 
There are already doubts 
about. next Wednesday’s meet- 
ing at Ascot The cleric of the 
course, Nicholas Beaumont, 
said yesterday: “Owing to the 
recent heavy rain, raring must 
-be considered doubtful unless 
there is a considerable change in 
the weather. It may move 
possible, if there is a significant 
change, for racing to take place 
os foe round course and a 
request to this effect will be 
made to the stewards of. the j 
Jockey Club. We will . issue ; 
another statement at noon 
tomorrow”. i 

In the preceding event Ffcddy 
Mallfns had been ea the mark 
with B ar rymore Boy. The de- 
risfoa not to compete at Chelten- 
ham was a wise one for be has 
really cone to himself in the last 
month and was now completing 
a treble when confirming 
Fairy house p l a rinas with Tndor 
Season in fie Guinness Cham- 
pion Foar-Year-OM Hurdle. 

Sen of Ivor, the 6-4 favwnite, 
was always strug g ling here and 
eventually F"»«fei fifth while 
fie English runner Christo 
showed np in front briefly at the 
fourth-test flight, bat was done 
wkh early in the straight. 

The biggest shock of the day 
came in the Naas Traders 
Champion Hunter Stakes wkh 
Attitude Adjuster aad odds-oa 
champion to retain his unbeaten 
record this season, was firmly 
pat in his place by Ah Whisht, 
whose owner-trainer Pat Hogan 
was in his riding days the 
sapreme artist at Panchestown. 

Blinkered first time 

THStSX: 3.15 John Patrick- 446 PWls 

. • Steve Smith Ecdes has been 
ordered to rest for seven days 
following a bad fell on Rhyth- 
mic Pastimes in the Melody 
Man Cup Hurdle at Taunton 
I yesterday. 

Cuhn Port beaten in a photo 
for the Somerset Hunters' Chase 
at Taunton 12 months ago, 
returned for the same race at the 
age of 12 and made no mistake, 
romping in eight lengths dear of 
Combe HilL 

Culm Port's trainer-rider, 
Chris Down, could see one big J 
danger as the field set out on the ! 
final circuit- That was Dart 
Over, who was leading the field. | 
going strongly and jumping welL : 
However, Dart Over made his 
ope mistake at the last open : 
ditch, four from home, and I 
parted company with his ! 
riderXynne Pocock. 

Combe Hill was left in front, 
but she was tiring in the straight 
and Culm Port took command 
between the last two fences. 

Uasttfttur. Miner's Dust, MAouin, Mnstrel 
Bat*. MOtar &g Lou*. Moonstruck. 
MouradstRL Mytms. Neoeed, New Tro- 
ian. NfemtHT. Mno BtWe, Nommott 
North UenAcL Oriental Sttdter. Osesn- 
sUe. Paean. Pkucto. Pradiar. Prasma 
Mott. Pnrostry. Racfcstraw. Rat. Rhran. 
Bottoms, Rodakv RoMffiila. sararid. 

Satisfaction. Stiahrasfam. Shares!. 
ShanootJ. Strip Of State. Stic Thread, 
Smalm, Sirk, £6r Percy, S*t This On* Out. 
Sougitean. Stags Hand. Stavtndate. Sura 
Blade. Tarases. Than Again. Top GuasL 
Top Rutar. Tout Ensemble. Trusty Nuro- 
ym. vero-Anttqua. War Hero. Wassl Real. 
W»eJ TouchTwhte Reef. Winds Of LKJftL 
Zaaftr. Zaftdam. 

winner Demderise in the Bar- 
ion Cottage Stakes, having 
already floored the odds laid 
on Bluemede at Newcastle 
and Quel Sprit at Ayr. 

Like his sire. Be Friendly, 
Sudden Impact relishes soft 
ground and I'm sure that he 
will be hard to beat in the 
Hickleton Handicap now that 
Bill Elsey has decided not to 
run Idle Times.. 

Jeremy Tree’s Kingscote 
will miss the 1,000 Guineas at 
Newmarket next Thursday. A 
stable spokesman said that the 
fillv had worked disappoint- 
ingly on Thursday, and it had 
been decided to pull her out of 
the classic. 

Fifth to Maysoon in her 
reappearance race, the Gains- 
borough Stud Fred Darling 
Stakes at Newbury last Friday, 
Kingscote had been second 
favourite for the classic at 4-J 
behind Sonic Lady, but she 
was quoted at 12-1 in ante- 
post lists yesterday. 

The Barry Hills-trained As- 
teroid Field, second to 
Maysoon at Newbury, will 
also miss the Newmarket clas- 
sic. Sheikh Mohammed’s filly 
will be declared at the four- 
day stage for the big race, but 
will only run if something 
happens to the favourite, Son- 
ic Lady, who is in the same 

Asteroid Field will now be 
aimed for the French 1,000 
Guineas, the Pouled'Essai des 
Pouliches at Longchamp on 
May 4. 

Walter Swinbum, as antici- 
pated. has chosen to ride 
Sonic Lady in the 1.000 
Guineas, leaving Yves Saint- 
Martin to partner the other 
Michael Stoute-trained hope 

As a result of foe latest 
defections Ladbrokes now 

(Amateurs: £4*77: 3m 118yd) (19) 

481 SHI-611 BORDER BURG (J EManoofca) J S Dstahooka 912-7 PGmraaa 

402 11 PI-10 CITY BOY (BR(Mn A Undowood) Mr* J Mm 11-12-6 TThooteoa Joom 

403 20B3- HU EXPRESS fJUne>JVLAflfl 912-6 MnRVkfcwy 

404 02221/2- 8tUOADER MOUSE (Mre C Footo-ForeteO Mre C FooteForeter 

1 3-12-0 T Gnomon 

405 011802- FIXED PRICE (G Richvds) Gran Rfcnanfs 12-12-0 JUawtiyn 

4 M trrany OLBiavEN(}SrryttKUo^ 

11-12-0 J Smyte-Oitwim 

407 4/3400-P BBL00K LAD JW Lmuquri WLanwow 11-180 TSrnMi 

408 0B3/20P- METELA Mi 8 teHBhBBd) Mn S Greathoad 1912-0 LLsy 

411 111/3P2- TAWNY MYTH (R CBkfll R J Cake 12-124) RCaU 

Going: soft 1 

Draw: Sf-6f, high numbers best | 

2.15 BARTON COTTAGE STAKES (2-y-o: £2,374: 5f) (9 nmnera) I 

4 NCarfUtoR 


0 IIcKdomi 9 

1 9-1 K Darter 4 

itty 8-11 K Hodgson 1 

1911 S WataterG 


I J Htita (5) 5 

911 NCnaittar3 

11-8 Deffldwiss. 91 Gate Times. 91 Whistflng Wonder, 91 The GrarMton, 91 
Dodrin MS. 12 -1 Ra Raver. 14-1 others. 

Thirsk selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Gallic Times. 2.45 Sharp Times. 3.15 Sudden Impact 3.4S 
Mount Schiehallion. 4.15 Boltin Palace. 4.45 Taranga- 5. IS Barley 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.4S Sharp Times. 3. 1 5 John Patrick. 3.45 Countless Countess. 4.15 
Patraian. 4.45 Alkaayed. 5.15 Barley BilL 
By Michael Seely 
2.15 Demderise. 4.45 Taranga- 

2.45 NESS SELLING STAKES (3-yo: £1,088: Im) (10) 

in) M Brftteln 90 — 

h r u bton or ) P Rohan 9-0 — — 

2 029030 


6 0 
9 0094 

11 901024 

13 99 

14 090 

17 4- 

21 009300 

22 000943 

Its N Macaidey) Mrs N Mscoutoy 90— 
anwr-Loma*) T FartMSt 90 — 

_ KDwtaye 

S Mora 8 

— 1 

M BmKiaftS 

anw-Lonux) T Fartiuret 90 MBmchAS 

Jncns) W Mussan 90 MWlgfawlO 

f jFsavi) R Hoanstima 9-0 SPwfc*3 

EYoriO immy FtzgmU 81 1 A MtamqrZ 

oaaj G Harattn 911 ... ■■ G PufaPgO 

BssjNeurann)ML*ni»n9ll PBuriw (7)1 

11-4 Sharp Tunas. 81 Ptantar. 4-1 AmpWy, 91 Mr Jestar. 91 Watartonl Way. 19 
t Sister Nancy. 14-1 oflms- 

Border Burg 
by conditions 

By Rian Bed 

With the additional advan- 
tage of claiming riders toving to 
race on equal terms with non- 
claim ers, Border Burg and City 
Boy look certain to dominate 
the Audi Grand Prix final at 
Sandown Park this afternoon. 

This race, fie culmination of 
an excellently organised series of 
point-to-point qualifiers, does 
not, unfortunately, penalise the 
established hunter ‘chasers suf- 
ficiently to give the true poini- 
to-poimers much of a chance. 

Border Bnrg was most 
impressive at Ascot when beat- 
ing Royal Judgement, an easy 
winner since. On that form he 
cannot be seriously opposed. 

After winning comfortably at 
Ludlow. City Boy ran in two 
point- to- points before dis- 
appointing at Liverpool- The 
Aintree fences appeared to take 
him by surprise after his two 
previous outings and he was far 
from foot perfect. He looks to be 
clearly second best today. 

Although Tawny Myth, on his 
latest outing, was beaten in a 
point-to-point for fie first time 
in three seasons, fie race was 
run at a false pace and can be 

I York acceptors 

3.15 HICKLETON HANDICAP (E2£97: 61) (19) 

' ‘ 1 —4 

stefhy 5-97 M Birchs 

-93 i Tlmj 

M H*>7 

LCA«m«* » 

3 NCconcrtOn 19 

-12 DMchofclO 

n 4-912 JHHb|S)14 


HZ S WMworth 16 

L96 S P GritfWw (5) 1 

4-84 WRyaniB 

K Hodgson 2 

I P Bate (7)8 

-0 P D'Aicy 11 

Barron 990. S Webster 9 
Ltd) W A Stephenson 

5-8-0 J Lotto 17 

27 000940 C00LBtoUGH(C-0)(MraJR«Bden)tosJRamsdm c ? , 1J fm ^ |g ' 

29 009040 WARTHLL LADY (M Britton) M Bnttan 4-7-7 AMunro(7)6 

4-1 SudCtan Impact 91 John Patrick, 91 Oxhey Bay Emeryncy P6mi tor. 7.l 
Boot Polish. 91 Bay Bazaar, 191 RnrarsKta Writer, 191 Valley Mflfc. 14-1 Pans Match. 
191 others. 

145 BYWELL MAIDEN STAKES (3yo: £1^32: 2m) (9) 

1 00902 BANTEL BUSHY (Bantel Lid) Uss I Ben90 ,JltoWa8 

3 DANEAQUE GLORY (Mrs V Hobson) J Glover 90 DMcKeowiI 

S 02030-3 MOUNT SOOEHALLJON (P Stroud) K Brsssey 90 SWNbw1h4 

9 0009 QtlARAIlfntWi[PMallprtM BrStah 90 K»5?r7 

11 009 SANOMOOR PROICE OT (Sandmoor TexSes) M H Eastartty 90- Wl Btan 5 

12 690 SHAK E THE KW fl (USA) (F Ramos! S Honon 90 — 

13 00024- THE LEGGETT (P Wngng C Drew M SKeWdleyS 

15 20 COUNTLESS COUNTSSJA Uved) R J WBams 911 Ttm9 

17 00009 WEASANT HEK1HTS (G Tao) H Candy 81 1 RCuramfi 

Evens Mount SctwhaDion. 7-2 Bantel Bushy. 91 Pheasant Heights, 91 Countless 
Countess. 12-1 Shake The King, 14-1 otners. 

4.15 BROMPTON HANDICAP (£2,351: Im 4f) (20) 




3 23321-0 I mill IIIIIlM 

4 102009 BOLLW PALACE (N 

Jfta9000 DQHR UNIIKS pvmienM 
7 009302 REGAL STffiL ®) ISttwl FfeW 
B 301039 BOLDBtA (C-Dj (E Sim lnl M 
iL 000/093 MEieNGI<Fu9 Qrcfe Ltd) N 
0flr040-0 ELECTRIFIED (J RQwteS) J ■ 
>3-©2 APPLE WWEmCTOT3tan5B 

(R Jeffreys) A Sort 9191 QCntepn 

l)(MMtesnaM Ron Ihompson 4-190 HPEKott 11 
Mrs J Turner) R WWtafcer 4-94 K Bradshsw (S) 15 

M H Eafitarty 4-94 M Birch 17 

J W Walts 495 (4ex) -Thesis 

11 G Dnffirid 4 

B HoAnstead 8911 - A Cutoano (7J 18 

9911 SKtigMayl' 


5-910 HUteer 

18 000902 APPlEWBtemfT O-Gram) DOBtenwt9M D MchoHs a 

13 090 OCEAN UFE ftonl Beperj M W Eastertiy 4-86 K«»*BSOn7 

M 330049 BttJJOOR (S Gtwn) N Grump 1 496-__-__ ^ — r - * *5«® ® 

15 4S9032 SKYBOOT (Mrs BRobstocn) E Carte 797 - ktendy Cwttr(7) 13 
1? igOOO-O PATRALAN CD) (Corack R Imdom) W Hjsson 497 U Wigtum2 

18 333930 TBBtiNION ID) IR Dawson) K Stone 49S CDmrM 

19 040209 STRING OF BEADS (8) (W Lumley)J Eteemgnn 4-92 M Woods 18 

3) 3/D9413 SW RUN (P Wwiiam) P Wigtam 11-6-1 . — 

21 20-0000 BAMDQRO (R verdy) J Miihal 7-91 

22 00030/0 RURAL SCB£ (Mrs F Walton) T Barron 7-7-13 
4-1 S**n Journey. 91 Mentttrt, n-2 RuJe Of The Sea. 81 Apple Wine. 91 Regal 

Steel. 191 SkyBooL 12-1 Ski Run, Senor Ramos, 14-1 Bom Palace. 191 others 

4.45 ABBEY LANDS STAKES (3-y-o: £1,801 Bf) (18) 

1 491 ALKAAYED (C) (H Al Maktoum) H Thomson Jones 93 A Mtvrvy 2 

4 002-110 TARANGA (P) to Sqtwes) M Tompfctoa 93 NRkwaerlO 

9 009 KriSP HETC/kLFE 1C Uacalte LU)M W EasteTOy 8i1 TUkuT 

11 000090 GALAXT QALA IB COT) J HeOten B-11 3 Kelgtlttm B 

14 00> HARRY HULL (MW Eaawnjy] MW ESStetiy 911 NMnAyffiM: 

15 0004)32 JARROWANiA Le Blond) TFakfiurst 911 C Coatee (5) -II 

IB JOfW Rt^SbLL (J Harwood) M Ryan 911 PRobfawonB 

17 300093 NOT A PROBLEM (DKngMs) Denys Srratfi 911 MFiylS 

19 00 PELLS CLOSE (3) {Wppo&otno RscmgJ M W Easter&y 91 1 - X Hodgson 5 

21 220034) RED ZULU (J Roes) LUghtWown 911-... _ _ „ _ 

25 TIP TOP BOY IF BwnIM W Eastsrtjy &-1 1 O Mcteds 16 

29 0309 HJSQCKO (R Sh8W) B McMStan M-—. Jtf&aJ5)1E 

31 309 HAITI MIL (Mrs R Gnffith) W Wharton 86 . — NCeriU-1 

32 042044- IMPERIAL 9JNRISE |A Dckntanf M W Etetemy 98 S Mustier (7(4 

34 0009 POLLY WORTH (T Chatleswooh) R Whitaker 8-6 DMcKmwiB 

35 SHY HSTRESSD Abbey) B McMahon 86 GMfMd17 

38 000900 THE LITTLE AKER {A Messngt»t9Mundyl W Bsey 98 J Lowe 12 

37 00339 WATHORATH |T Baker) EWeymes 96 EGue»l(3)3 

11-4 Akaayed. 7-2 Taranga. 4-1 Jarroviaiv 91 Impolal Sunrise. 91 Rad Zulu. 19 
i Not A Problem. 12-1 Haiti MB. 191 others 


1 319 SHORT SLEEVES (Mss S Hal) M£s S Han 4-104) Wendy Carter G 

3 430090 DARMT fOJT Smethust) E Waymes 4-913 — 11 

4 400010- ELARmpmmCarTwraii1TFaarursi7-99 J CaOeghan (7)18 

6 019433 BWAU U &Sl M TomWms *4-7 BGM«(7)B 

7 022-1 BARLEY BUfiAetorlL Curort 996 SQume4 

6 009004 NKhfT WARRIOR (J Mason) a Robson 4-96 RVtefee»f7)l 

10 004-210 TRY SCORER fD) ID Knvjftts) Oenys SmMi 4-9S A Naim (7) 13 

11 302290 CROWN ESTATE (USA) iBmWi Tr«:cup^id Pt) P Cfllwr 

■L94J Kennedy (7) 12 

309 HAITI ItiLLfL 

4 400019 ELARM(C-6)l 

6 019433 BWANA KAU ( 

7 022-1 BARLEY BALI 
6 009004 MGHTWAflRU 

10 004-210 TRY SCORER I 

11 302290 CROWN ESTA 

16 000900 MSS AGGRO (T Ri 

17 000900 XAMAfESSfM Britton) M 
IB 342930 HARD ACTION (Dt(C Bn 

r Ramsden] M Ryan 99l2_ 

Britton) M Brittain 4912 

(D)(CBrchan)G Move 9911 

0109 PERSHING (Ms M Boothl J L«gh 9911 

0910 JANEH BRAVE BOY U ECOMTBChaprwn 4-6- 11 
0049 SAMHAAN IB)j0_Zewa«) B HarOuni 9910 

27 032009 D0NM0N 


29 BJ3409 SWaEfaM#tetws)Wftarc84« 

30 00900 Lfl-TWG LAD (L Caamberiari) W Wharton 4-91 — 

31 0/00409 CHABNBOS VIEW (Ura A Jones) Hbt Jaws 4-6-0 

— G BwrJweO 5 
.. M ynwg (7) 10 


J Carr 9 

— N Loach (7) 16 

A Gann 17 

... 4 Qatar 7 

— 58M*M>3 
G King 15 

R Brown 2 

make Sonic Lady 5-4 for the 
1.000. Other prices: 5 
Maysoon. 10 Embla, 14 Lady 
Sophie. Midway Lady. 16 tar. 
Their prices for foe 2.000 
Guineas are: 2 Dancing Brave, 
6 Sure Blade, 8 Huntingdale, 
10 Toca Madera. 12 Faust us. 
Lead On Time. 14 Green 
Desert, 20 bar. 

The brilliant Breeders Cup 
winner Pebbles has had a 
slight setback and will now 
miss foe Prix Ganay at 
Longchamp. her original 
planned seasonal debut. 
Sheikh Mohammed’s racing 
manager. Anthony Stroud, 
said, “She has pulled a muscle 
in her shoulder, but it is only 

Now Pebbles is expected to 
reappear in foe Eclipse Stakes 
at Sandown on July 5. Last 
year she made racing history 
when becoming the first mare* 
to win this prestigious rare 
since its inception in 1886. 

Course specialists 


TRAINERS: H C^Ol, 18 wWWShpto » 
runners. 37.7%: M aotW. 35J ’W- 
27 J%: G Harwood. 29 from 132 .-22*. 
JOCKEYS: W Carson. 47 wwo hoot 
212 now. 22-2% P« Eddary. 36 from 
214. 16.4%; W R Swmbum, 23 kW" T* 1 - 


TRAINERS: W O'Goman, 11 wton«s 

from 32 runrjars J52S°l£ 
Jones. 13 from 40. 325%; T Barron, is 
Irom 7 1. 21.1%. „ 

JOCKEYS: T has. 16 wkws from 88 
rides. 18.1% M Fry. 8 from 68. 1 1-8%. 

Pipe sets 
pace for 

The Wellington-based Martin 
Pipe went to foe top of the 
trainers' winners table for the 
first time when To-Pallikan- 
Mou, the worst horse in his 
stable, landed the seller at 
Taunton yesterday. Pipe has 
now trained 63 winners, one 
more than John Jenkins, who 
has led right from the start of foe 

“That's great, I never thought 
I would do this. I thought my 
only chance of leading would be 
by winning the first race of the 
season." said Pipe, who added: 
“To-Pallikari-Mou is definitely 
the worst horse in my stable, 
and I would have given him 
away this morning had anyone 
been prepared to take him" 

Pipe raid" Because my yard is 
full he's tucked away in a tarn 
with three more horses that I 
own myself. We found that he 
was in the habit of jumping foe 
bar and stealing the other 
horses' food. Now we’ve pul a 
stop to that, we’ve got him down 
the lightest racing weight he's 
ever been.” . 

Despite Pipe's low view of his 
winner, he went to 1.000 guineas 
to retain the gelding 

Taunton results 

Going: soft 
2J30 (3m it Ori) 1. CULM PORT (Mr C 
Down, 7-2): 2. Combo W0 (Mr N MitcMI, 
5-2): 3, Coney Curie (Mr N j Lego, 12-U 
- RAN; 94 fav Dan OwM 12 
Mark (jsuj. 25 Two Azure (5*1, 33 
(ur). 66 Tarqui n Quee r J4Ci|. 
'urt. Croghane Prince 
mmi m Cuttomptcn Tote: E4JQ; £190. 
£130. £1.80. OF: £5.49 CSF: £1191. 

39 (2m If hdte) 1. TO-PALLBCAM-UOU 
(M Pitman. 11-1); 2, P afaga nn aai (Pater 
Hobbs. 7-1); Z Pran up t to Brida pm 
Tsakanslanos. 191L ALSO RAN: 92 fav 
Centaur Sono (4tfiL 7-2 PanKn's Pntte. 7 
Purpia (Bttii. 9 Gold Huntar Jf), 10 Stormy 
Kastrel. Dr ConwHua, 14 Taif. 16 Good 
fwostmenf KWy Wren. 20 Conor's 
Rock. Batabkmd. 14 ran. 1XL4L nk. 12L 
a M Pipe at Wenngtoa Tots: £930; 
£1J0. £2.79 £840. DF: £2030. CSF: 
£94.37. Tricast £1 .188.77. Wtonar bought 
In tor 1 .000 qulnoas. 

330 (2m If hdto) 1. ROBIN WONDBI (G 
Brasay.92): 2. Cate EyesjP Leach. 94 
fav); 3. Panto Prince IB P owaL 14-1). 

fav); 3: Panto Prtnso IB FWafl. 14-1). 
ALSO RAN: 3 Stans Prife (4ttiL B SaSor's 
Dance (pu). 20 RhytfiRMc Pastknes m. 68 
Honey tonbte (6m). 200 Hit The toad. 
Mkknette (5th). 9 ran. NR: Kamao. 2L 8L 
20t 301- D Etewarti at WStsboiy- 
T0W £330: £130, £1.50, £130. OF: 
£890. CSF: £739. 

49 (2m 3f ch) 1. EASTER CARNIVAL <P 
Richards. 91); Z The County Slo n e (H 
Davies. 11-4 fav): 3. StWHam “ 
91). ALSO RAN: 9 

tou).' afrah^temc Past2metffl! > 68 
Smbte (6m). 200 Hit The toad. 

Block Earl (upl 66 Daman (tip), Native 
Trad (r), Stethouee. 12 ran. Nft The Herb, 
Stubbs Daughter. 21. II. sh ltd. SOL 2L K 
Bishop at Bnttgywttor. Tote: £730; £2.10, 
EI.IOT £1.607 dF: E9J20. CSF: £2633. 
Tricast £7232. 


* v— Wood (G Heaver. 14-1 
RAN; 911 fav Heath Banry 
Ol France Oto). 2S Pitkaatay 
(pul. Tanewaater (put 50 I 

Fearless Imp 

(DU), Tanewaster (pu). 50 txptowan 
(Sii. Dusty Run (f). Fedora (WiL Gah 
(f). Kesste-Bee (few. Ml Cmtan (pu). v 
ran. jjisL nk. test 5L IB. R JHokter te 
Bristol. Torn: £4.69 £130. £1 3a £139 
OF: £1530. CSF: £37.46. 

59 (2m It hose) 1. UANOAV1 (J White, 7- 
2f. 2. OulRiy <C Brown. 92 rc-nv); FVBte 
Jog (C Gray. 92 (t-favl. ALSO RAN: 7 Dual 
Conqueror (4th). 12 Razzle Dazzle Boy 

Raagrave Devil (Wi). 13 ran- NR: Unboal- 
abkr Tipp-Ex. 9. 201. 3L sh hd. 12L N 
Henderson at Lambounv Tots: £5.10; 
£1.70. £1.10. £130. DE: SSJSO. CSF 


Reat.WmJsOf LignL 3-1 Bcnlcv BBL 4-1 Bwana KaB. 91 Try Scorer. 91 Nigni warrior. 91 Elerim. 191 
DarnrL 12-1 Jobss Brava Boy, 1S-1 others. 

Wald- i 
main- i 
leased r 
edged ? 
- Ger- f 
ins in -• 

s that y 
gosla- 3 
ng for & 
drive * 
3 that 
rad. J 
Wald- i 
3s not 
lack is 
iv ihe if 
t the " 
(now k 
>n be- r 
i the u 
fos at e 
mning 5 

s : 


f- the e 
these * 
le foe 
■ care- 0 
mt of* 

a- of” 


fusion f; 
ist Dr e 
«ive. t. 
he So - l 
r, said" 
istrian * 
5(oo to* 

m hadur 


im tt 

- The^ 
.*d that* 
•air of® 
1 to his, y 

Is ihat« 
1. then 
« deafie 
m. and 
o.all of 
ns ford 
ner. if 
s wereal 


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age ( 
and 1 
of a 
up wi 
and c 
ing. ' 

been c 

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on p 
by rot 

In r 
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ture, • 
mud - 


1 Sil 
5 Pen 

8 Son 

9 Naa 

10 Pun 

11 Me? 

12 Gul 
14 8-m 
17 Bed 
19 Las’ 
22 Bre 

24 Ov* 

25 Cro 

26 Issu 

27 Coli 

28 Star 


2 Che 

3 Port 

4 Woi 

5 Des. 

6 Con 


' Si ACRO 
ene 1 


TOT times FRIDAY APR IL 25 1986 — 

Minnows of Morocco deserve 
to be regarded with respect 

By Clive White tean5 who kick off their World 

■ thrv were only beaten bind the Algerians m develop- ^ chaUe oge **512 

fielded, »iy -a.*-"" 

5S&55SS SSffffiS mm Sfcsw 





' v, *^*«. 

non loaner ior cugMu*u 
their World Cup group m 
Mexico and that perhaps the 
other African qualifiers, Alge- 

■gs s* -VS &ass=Kg? iShassssss 
asar cwf ?ft?S ?«3 aS3 

nore serious ■£*" tta uncom- dampening ** * Hamilton before them^ How- 

" vi'" * ' ' " ■ <- S" 

^ h js SrJ^„sb?e m b: u£E3i> -g SWngSSSSJE 
^T%-r y ^ da ” ECT0 HE r3r <E rffcw; SVS.f""' EstfiJsSSSSS 

0 f atsrssrt- 


for being oul of theame^ which in itself . is J^Sfon, in thSTtum. dis- 

«'® 5S “*SESC ^dS r pi“"S missed this new Irish threat 

•W • ,<• V 

- v 1- 


s ' ^r .\ - 

mm mm hub ■»» 

"airiSD-s English lesson 

From Eamon Dnnpby, Dublin • 

,, —ml years .Billy searching. fit : "IlLdiridiS toteoteKvinp W V ?«J tO TCHlftM 

For several years .Billv 
Bingham's Northern _ 
squad have been proving that- 
imaginatively deployed, die tra- 
ditional virtues of fee Englisn 
game can take you a long way m 
international footbalL Thei 
SSi « has been acknowl- 
edged. is neii -er property appre- 
ciated and understood. Deep 
down those who determine what 
is U and non-U are patronmng 
and dismissive about Bingham s 
achievements. _ , 

Anything gamed by ham 
era ft,' Rood organization and a 

SSbCS abroach to team 
plav - anything gamed the 
Fnelish wav - simply cannot be. 

searching. For. with. » Jgjjj JJ^entewTtavi^travened 
superior collator i of ■"£«““ S of them. Thefr wo most 
players the RejwWretessfod^ gj, p, Enzo Ftencescoh 

in Dublin on Wednesday midable. Techr 

evening CTharhon fielded a deed physaaUy 

Republic side denied most of its dwarfed their 
quality players who were de- opponents, 
mined in t^mt rwms ^ on ^ erwaIxls 

the mainland. Nevertheless. » . ( prou d- Hi 

distances Uiat would tove Rei 

caused even Bjiigtam to tr«n- - n ^ op 

We. the Republicgave Uruguay & ampion shi 

ahead of them. I neir iwoniw r Portugal (AP) - Jao- 

jifted players. Enz° Frances^h ^^eorSTtte president of 
and Antonio Alzamendu dia ques^* cJ^vesierday that he 


Srabirbr^tn^n w,th S^SSTSSSTSk 
their neighbours, not p iay. But still the side that 

mav be about to change all that, not jg^eneuve and for- 
midable. Technically and in- 
deed physically the Uruguay 


Afterwards Chariton 


Bath leave nothing to diance 
in search for P«&cto» 

Bnth ta« aeopport -na?^ 

wuHivaham tomorrow to equal search tor ~L- , __j 

Kre the Republic face 

c SSspsa-* 

>lay them off the park. iMitions are clear. From now on rvoree s’ remarks came 

The home .lean .earned Urn of Ireland will play ffiettd a 

Sdrf 5SS. Vn&*y ted JjgS TS^VSSi Sr ^SSS ^ 

, "jpjsrrru'sjas 

gruelling schedule 

SSJSwnSa-SffiH Sefisr-SB 


_ „ f cota Ford and 

s.^0 SS*Ks«^ ,edio . fara 

10 engine w* 

arc on taadw 

*22 tSi Has Ufa 

** ^h^wbiefa^beatthe 

Ato Jooa this 
Sgd_ H* 

SS^Tambttf, wtuahnost 

5JS* beSS»l *** ***5*® 

ia finrn racebefims 
Lda-H® 1 ®J7rf the fttid 
-^^fcTthc Monaco 
8?jSpi£2 two week* tin t 

Gl ^wShkc»bavtrun 
w.k!tivKSwiih the new engine 
boilwifrrertw«“ Michael 

oat and wort ott JO win IW 
otqSpo* before bo^ missed 
fryttae mew breed of tnn»v, 


dua Jana mighiquafify --- 
wherein thetopl5f< 

. race with the wwisqw 
k which the engtnew*Bb< 

' this early stage m its 

ment, — 

Duckworth wt»« 
fined toJinyff had ax.-. 

ntewe devek^em. U»e 

- SSSSSS»- - 

_ jiive nature OTengme 

5M iVja hi. t 

A^SJ‘ the border in the 
Republic, Bingham's succ^ 
has prompted much soul- 

iemions are clear. From now on 
the Republic of Ireland will play 
the English way. the way their 
neighbours have played for 

A terrifying fixture pile-up progra 
may *Wnder Snttou United's league 
Siances of winning the hard^ 

Vauxhall-Opel Liague and with Jubs 

it their hopes of entering the teroay 
Gola League for the first time. exacej 
Wednesday’s deasion by the tackle 
league not to extend their season meats 
beyond Mav 3 has left teams like Janua 
Sutton having to.sque^e nu- of the 
merous fixtures into the last tajej 
week of the season. The three caiiea 
eames the Surrev dub had I in realli 
STonYeovfl, who were five shoul 
points in front after winning ^0 ggj 
m Tuesday's potentially de- LTenr 
cisive encounter between the of di 
dubs, might not now mean ^ 

much come the end of the pen* 
season. The crowd of 5.348 at t e 
Tbe Huish is believed u> be the nowl 
highest for the league, formerly place 
known as the Isthmian League, first 

for at least 20 yeare. J**~ 

Sutton’s gruelling schedu^ from 
continued at Wokingham latt ing 
nighL It carries on wtth ahome m^s 
fixture tomorrow against Har- woi< 

Sw plus Visits to Croydon on sion, 

Monday and Walthamstow fonj 
Avenue on Tuesday. Then come ihw 
a home game with Kingstoman r eo 
i ThuSlay and an away leap 

match at Windsor and Eton next evei 

Saturday. In addition the AC 
Delco Cup Final against Ux- tne? 
bridge at Imber Court awaits b 

Sutton on May 5. _ 

™ is an incredibly dau nting real 


may miss 
out again U 

By Richard Streeton JJ 

A decision on whether play I a 
will be possible tomorrow in 
Middlesex's first championship w 
match against Derbyshire at d 
Lord’s wllbe taken by tea-tune C 
todav to save the visitors travel- 1 s 
ling ’if the weather does not fa 

re The ground remains saturated I s 
by tain, which yesterday caused r 
foe abandonment of the ua- % 
ditional game bet««:n MCC , 
and the county champions, t 
Middlesex, for only the second s 
time since the senes began in I s 

1 970. 1 1 

There was also no let-up to 
the pennies which fell from , 
heaven for cricket’s colters. 
Texaco have announced an I 
extra £5.000 in pnM°n*»J 
this summer’s four one-dav 
internationals with India and 

company are also sponsqnng an I 

under-16 county championship 

and 78 coaching scholarships tor 

promising young players. 

Oxford rely 
on efficiency 

THE PARKS: Oxford Univer- 
sity. wuh seven first innings 
wiktTs in hand, are -03 runs 1 
behind Gloucestershire. I 

A storm just after lunch ended 

play for the day (Alan Gibson 
wriiesi. OxfonL 22 for one 

overnight, had batted slowly but 
wonhily. Hagan was second out | 
at 42, playing on to Sainsbury. 
Tooley and Thome earned on 
efficiently until lunch. Bom 
showed a stroke or two. and. 
more important at this stage oi 
the season, concentration. But 
Tooley made a vague stroke at 
Lloyds and was bowled. 
q OUCEST EBSHffS Fret Iniwigs 3W 
lor 6 Dec (K M Curran 103 ngl out P 
Bamwioge 66) 

OXFORD UWVERSmf: Fina Innings 
DAHawnhSMKOury | 

j. SE 


Twickenham tomorrow to equal searen iw ^ - - As snorts - 

Special Cup "JW- B «■ are virtually dl J ll iLl5c£» certaau 

ren^exion on E^Ushdnbr^y which is so rare in coaches hat* to 

epuoiic, D.U6—--- - — , 51 vc creoemtaix k - — -■ 

Sutton’s gruelling schedule 

reflection oh tugusnomr 
that so few teams hare discov- 
ered consistent cup 
and that urea on me rare 
occasions who> play badly, 
Bath can still survive. 

Their level of preparaM » 

bang tooted *pcmjw ju 
more stage "n» the 
deriteotnt : 

seteforc J ones s _mni*er 

ttiget wat bt » Bt 111 ® 113 

dob in the country. 

bom to, bm which is so rare m 

England- Bad more knqwh^ge- target fruat be It) fintd 

Rowefl had already tasted am payers are«*e ^w®?“ 

^^^irithGosfortfoiu 1976 tefividual feedback toihc design 


Zwto: Hudson was asso- y(H mg flthhrte xn .ttoa .. n g unlikely .feat 

fee successfid Lla-_ would be s'^tring. definitive specified 

rhetr tevei m pi*i-*“™:“ him south; Hudson. w« ««»- 
adifl^eredplanetnanyofeCT cSedvrith fee 


structure has worked *owdtt ^rad stimuli which he 
over the last decade. .Bafe are of Britain’s O^ 

of the early SeveoM* 

Non league football by Nicholas Harling 

Structure has worked so weu 
oSwtbe last decadtBafej are 

■‘It’s a hard hat m ea nwhil e .fee . 

men and Imjfj £. Sb 
controlled ag ^ to ea aide fee 

b eadMwal - ; - 

. UgnnlfiBd y feai 

definitive speciww 
settled befo re fee «md-gi 
•easod bttt mcMtihfle fee 

Cen^fitire ***** tf&SS Tt P-V 


SSems has come togrthwto i» and continued- ttx* ««»* 

them. They have used ttere for Bath for some20 msiwtoareaaeijfot^j environBICB t 

dements so wdL however^that now has an accotra- We 

thov have turned themselves tasiness in the city. that . W we «**"*«*«« «• da 

lerday." » J* 

exacerbated by «**■ ^®L2 SJ[l “J Some of the clubs not 

backlog, caused by postpp to play on would then 

meats dunngthc hardly have had to pay ouL “As long as 
January and February, is narory foe ame rules to every 

of their own makir dSTrSn «.v« »*• 


awaSK « 

SSJ.our f.ul>_ The tague • G.tah~d loot i« to «- 



gs — Mrasgsg*- 

ggg«aragtt controlled SSSSSS?^ - "./' 

!SaSK»a5S: aggression ^ 

“ftrtpmtsibffity -fc. T I«*£ , Yorkduremtu. mid !&^iSSSSLfcSS 

Bjance is shared at Bath brt*|«M Hods^awr^^"^ vfeMfec 

coaC ^ S ^,™Son*l detail dijcctoref physical education at , m apiattrW » om* . 

the Bath University - whose feefl- ^ physical coo^MJ« 

?*** who ^fee dub players have be« so as ■« to lose 

- Sue of SS to use - lot ** W*/* fpedal, characterfotfc ^tard 
SL b Sth?ta^ been over- bSfeve in exoelhaii* “S 

sncc»sful other things stem from that, he gBetals u^g Te iypne« hte « w 

Sf*«* ’*»'**» tare ***** *»“>**■ 

contributed- _ _ ^ . “But we have young men with suprem- 

tancy business 


aggr ession 

Hudson, a YorkshireoMn and 
'mraMMlier. faUS DeCB 

S3 iS 5.=6 «sF 9 spar -is saffian 

of dubs are in difficulty, but Mu [upan League in ntid-wrek 

these things alwaw seem to ^ ^ foree games left are 

penalize the successful cluta- level on points vife Maram, 
Yeovil meanwhile, should whQ have an inferior goal 
now be favourites to regain their difference, 
glace in t^Gol^L^m at ^ shouW focy win the league. 

Ss-ft. 7SSJAS c»SK"S 

LmM^mlay -hectaVstad- ggjpgfij£ 

affile msiSSaE 

ass-^-s. aaesss 

Yeovil's manager, said. But the 

league were only being fair to 
evSvone by stipulating they tad 
got lb play Ole gamesby fee date 

foey had laid down. , 

who have an inferior goal “g®^giGU& Rm «»4«ion: Agon 

difTerence. SZilfTmSJSttltt 

Should they win fee league, SSnddiv*^ore Pon^Bg- 


eround inspection to be re- g’SSJySSJq: 
admitted to the G® 1 * League. souTHgw LEAGi^T^wnjw' 
which Barrow are now certain to ^ sgutnan^w 2. Gw pori t. po«- 
leave once more, fear rek£ 

lion being confirmed wfe last 2 . 1: Dutw * cn 

week’s gwlless draw at Mam- Harn»tZ.&s»w^Stortorti^ 

^oe. iSdstone. feemsdvesm smjri 

asSiffi »—■ 

hT assuaa&MB. 

eoals fropJoyce. Enfiejd, , n( _ 22: K«gW5?wUng»n 29. 

^^T^olieSere in fee 


saves . 
Ids words 


{■matOHT aUUMWCh. 

“But we have yw 

hmd and for many years t 
lias coach, believes 

nun wife Seward if 

“-tt t3te»a£Stf» i £ 

nd and for many years Aa^ra- it is a duty for fee *2J?££f 


eis and it a * <>*y ^ 

roadung staff, to uakesnre we 


axrehing isno to^^auuj'^ Swe^knowledgetorivetofee -.. DaddHaDdS 

job. Bath have wog»*“ Sayers- I havTWed at fee |7^.l~ijCniiUP0ndnit 

Faulkner looks for fee ici 




Vnniand out of the running 

O __ . . TT-_. Inbarta 

England’s hopes of ' m 

foe Uber Cup world team 

From Richard Eaton, Jakarta 

Massam’s debut, ****“•*£ 
Verawaty FajrnL winner of toe 
world singles tide m the same 

championships evaporated yes- ” ^ yean ago- E ngl a n d 

wSaj when, mid Elliott 

Fajrln service. Despite proteste 
to toe contrary. Johansson stuck 
by fee official’s dedswn. 

J >• a a! AoHltlO 

-There’s no "art to J® 
mind’s consmicbonm 
may be considered tine « 

ning Welsh siand-offhalves, but 
can hardly be apphed to prop 
forwards. They are what they 
seem to be: honest and true to 
feeir rough, but nevertruant, 
trade, their features a lestunony 
to feeir craft and clandratine un. 
TThe front row forward s role is 
not to avoid confrontation out 
to face it head on. And there is 
enough evidence m Cliarlw: 

foey were whitewashed 5-0 by 

were forced to gamble ootuau 
becaase back injuries had njled 

•vfarSftw-v i* .r iP" h '”sssB^SS!“ 

lo ». aa< Lo3»n«mtcede the final Gowera and Karen tJecunraa. men’s hopes oi success 

Engb rt!i ,S nSsE < now resfon SuSerts construction ro sug- 

among fee medab bw gest feat in ptoying rugby be was 

■ anc,ng 

would need to emulate the feat- no easy flirtation 


David Hands SiSwdw. he < wjM.^* 

tKe icing 

aether, like three^bby Jug; Bntish champioo re- 

from PootypooLTheWeto throughout^ 

setectors unwisely droppeo tum tVflliamson, having heard <w 

from foeteam toT*V Franw in unorthodox methods, 

1977. He rays it cost Wales a him the champion huh 

triple set of grand stem jugit ^ boasted he was tookmg 
cost fora a fefl LiOTs quakto- f(JpvanJ to doing matador tncte- 
lion- .Bat ! he i Though WHliamson s jibes were 
lnufl 1 979, what he reared- .. ^ har p and quick Andries refused 

As coach of Newport, wife w into a slanging 

whom he has been smOTl981 He merely said quietly: 

after a year .wife Newport „y have got the wrong bm 

selectors unwisely dropped turn 
from fee team to pfoy France in 
1977. He says it cost Walra a 
triple set of grand slams and it 
cost him a fuD Liras qu^figr 
dock '.Bat he played for Wales 

contest when Gil^n 

Clark was struck m the eye by * have done without the 

shuttlecock and taken Malavsian umpire's ruling that 

she could have done without we 
Malaysian umpire s ruling that 


within a couple of hunrSjBn it 1 ^ I TODAY’S FIXTURES I 

matches were not without m- _ ■ ■ - 

cident as a series of controver- CRICKET 

slal line decisions led, on two ^ 30 to 5 30 or 6.0 

separate occasions, to the re- pq^£r«s; Cambridge Unhraretty v 

^The s®Mt EnjjaiSmost feared tm^PARKS: Oxford University v 
occurred when Helen Troke, fee Q tou «sterahjre 
European champion, lost lj-7, LORD'S: MCC v Middlesex 
11-8 to Ivana Lie. as riredW «n \ 

foe world cup here 18 oonj® 7 m urtass statad 

we^S^wtet THIRD DIVISION: Doneasw Row« * 
JSSSTSe fi^ indent SBSSTmm s^ coumy v 

disa ppeared when, as expeewo, 
Chinaferasbed them_5-« m fee 
Thomas Cap, fens adding to toe 
4-1 defeat by Malaysia the 
previous day. 





S^i'^sr 1 D ** ^ 

Saracens, he makes certmn feat 
he does his homework. He has 
already had his team watch, tire 
video of fee last time Newport : 
were in the final in 1977, also 
against Cardiff . . 

On the subject of coadiing 
Faulkner is passionate and 
articulate. “If is the next -btst 
thing to playing the game. My 
attitiiA* sis coach.’* he says, and. 

His was no easy flirtation _ 

which allowed him to ccmst p w nlkn er: new rehtatw thing to playing the game. My 
through a game, season alter te ^ foere foey stayed, attitude as eoachT he rays, and 

nonchalant season, but rafeer as coach to Newport not unexpectedly, “feat fee 

his mind and repuraoon was against Cardiff, forwards have to cook feecake. 

he is hoping feat bis team will Scrumming must be got*. 

“You have got the wrong omi 
and . matadors also can mate 
mistakes. I don’t toDc a jpwd 
fight^I fight a good fight £. ypu 
wOl find out on fee night, 
Andries said that the chf»- 
pionhad no fears for. him. -He 
was feeling so strong now flat be 
had had to ease up his ‘training 
as' his- soanine. nartners could 

hard knocks and blue brawes. 
His was a continuous attempt to 

^Tve the intractable, problems ^JSSvSSlSS KT» = 
of 60 scrums on average every . • hifh _«,* some conad- 

of 60 scrums on average evay 
match for 40 games aj season 
since startii» to play »r cross 
Keys in 19^ and wth Ponty- 
pool from 1971 to 1979. He was 

r" . Va,ia nn VAllf 

not go tackf You need to create fee right 

He was, of course, one of the platforms and use the second 
tned Pontypool front row, a phase effectively. It s only then 
io which went some consad- you can spread fee icing and 
able wav to rive siar status to a move fee ball to score the 

nio which went some consia- 
erable way to give sme status toi a 

S up which, if they are to be 
i in any land of respect, hope 
to remain in relative anonymity. 

a good man to have on your — foe reputation they 

sitSfe'feelandwrthwhom^m ^ l among fori,- owikindin 
CVC ry mgby ptovef s final oss&sr g^^ve union of forewdi 

iculate. “It is fee next wst as' fos sparring partners t»uw . 
ag to playing the game. My nm stand " up to ? him.-.. “My 

exDert he is. there they stayed, attitude as iroachT he mys. and sparring partners keep raimu^ 
Tomorrow, as coach to Newport not unexpectedly, “feat fee away from fee gymwife swe 
in fee cud final against Cardiff, forwards have to cook feecake. heads and bodies. They owe 

m ^ “ n ~ ximmaging must be good. , into spar but they soon <bs- 

iu need to create the right- appear. They come and gerso 
itforms and use the second quickly I don’t even know who 
ase effectively. It’s only then fogy 3^ jt i s harder to get 
u can spread fee icing and sparring partners than tp get 
ave fee ball to score the fights/T nave had six sparring 
ims.” partners already' — . .Jieavy- 

«. „ . . • - weights, middleweights, cven^a 

After all fee controvasy of hght-middleweight for Sf>«d 

fee early season when George 
Crawford, the referee, walked 
off the field in Newport’s match 

aro* »faen fee Ifcmsb empire o«by 

asked for w -Wh be gSffMSSR^ 
removed after a dubious Jme 


—mtt maflv < gwTtMM wa» 

8S5r.»iw-teii— ««» ic 

OTHER SPORT hoscowt wc 

aOYfLS; Lombard cnamplon « etum- nwttSwflw 

55SS='“»Sr ™m «»«*- 


MOSCOW; World^«V« ,u ^" 
mux s«a(Mn4. Rntand *. 

v Covantry. Natt opl 

Fasmounw pgwnwreaj^* 


E ic tbe first game- Bat RUGBY UNION ESSSF'gl SSSSiS? 


that was to come at match point Scoflaod v En- ^ Ptwp oo«J: dvwk* h * 8031101. 

Ivana drin^d CU&M 

sh^tad^on fee malch with a hSSSTv a Agnes (» R ‘* Jrutn RFC1 ‘ 1CEHOCKE 

pot-away at fee net, OTHER SPORT Moscow: world ^arapw 

fimlted bj the umpire for pntMg ^ uy ^ OBl tS damplon ol enam- nMoaS««»n4. Fmand-i. 

fSo^iS SS Sed"for S3S^!a» — — ■ 

own manager to Je r^o red VQLLEYBAj 

SSaS’s'utr'cnTn^ Royal Bank scotta 

ou»n « First division 

Johansson. ^.iiv — Bnal sModtags 

The point was eventually ' P w 1 

K-SC-S ^g£nz: & 15 : 


rsEr*-— - - is 1 1 

^ EUi“ s mi*«on min.™. «s ro- S^n 

Stby™e«teh-tiiisMie m er1y. he fJJ |n f v S Fna! division 
ot Johansson's initiative - after mcreauon at Kent Un.»c«W_ 

every rugby players final aae^ fhTexdasiw union of forwards, off the field in Newport’s match 
mem and accolade, youwoukl toe ex ^ & fo 1977 he against Bristol fee unpleasant- 

not hesitate to share a tr ench, it attended a Welsh Rugby ness during the Fiftan match , 
such a dire necessity ever ^ - n ^^^0- course only to and getting two players sent on 
needed to arnse. . whisked away before its end against London welsh, the.sea- 

“1 may be forced down m fee . jn ^ 1^ force weeks of the son has improved so dranrati- 

scrum”, he used to ray- though* .J MWW N ew Zealand. In a cally for Newport that Charlie 

no one cam ever recdD I fern “55oS5 period in 1974 and Faulkner is hoping for some- 
happening, “I may even na /* ^ .975 wales had tried six prop thing to celebrate tomorrow, 

j force the other prop up, ran » - before he and Graham And, if it is not too .much to 

will not, ever, go bode , ana « ^ seven* and eighth, hope, some icing to go wife 1L 

wastnicofhim.Henevo-fedw w&ihet. wife Bobby . IV„4 M 

back. Wherever he planted . has down to- iieraMI llaVieS 

They see a short man iike mysctf 

and try to take liberties, and 
when I put one on them. they- 
disappear.” ^ 

Andries believes that he . 

and getting two players sent off also put one on williamsan. 
against London Welsh, fee ;,sea- Refusing w be cowed by the 6ft 
son has improved so dramari- 2in . American, he maintained 
cally for Newport that Charlie fo^ Alex Blanchard, fee 6ft 2m 
Faulkner is hoping for some- European chafoptek 

thing to edebrate tomorrow. , W ho drew wife him. wasa better 

thing to edebrate tomorrow. | 
And, if it is not too much to 
hope, some icing to go wife it. 

fceu liike the black belt Judo Windsor,- to p 

Grasshoppers on 

Ry Michael Stevenson 

Royal Bank Scottish League 
First division 

If there were an awaiti fr^foe 

Northern club of spring 

finals, fece a taxu^semi-final 
againsi Roundbay. The ■winners 
meet Morley at Headingtey next 

C hint 

Kent post 

p w l p *n» 

Ifl 17 1 51 13 SZ 

have appointed 

A A GMae b Payne — 2 

CD»» Tooiey 0 uoyos — — 

"D A Thome noi out — — ■ » 

T Patel noi out — ® 

Extras ( 1.1*10) *3 


R 5 Ruttaour. M J KSOum. PC 
lilacUirnga. t J C<x*. J b banian anti T A 
J Daman to bat 

FALL OF WICKETS'. 1-6. 2-12, 3-1 W. 
Umpires: J BMiBreataw and D uoyd. 

a questionable decision tad - - 

given fee home ptey« a Leading scorers 

S; asara 

worse moment, said f M cAv ^rwe st^ 

nho beat fee teenager on feeir hmwg. m ttoaon To*« L ra w 

bbe eventually tost 11-8. 1 • SSiSm .21 kbwisi 

Kent post ^ u BT 10 - U l % f « 

Kent County Cricket Club Team aattsh Jiw * J J J 

have appointed George B«|Micard ’Ho l 34 32 38 

EBSSSpi" rmKS test IS 1 11 111 

who has worked v^h thcriubs k^p 18 «i g 2 

piaj’crs for a number of ycarson ™£ao» Gnx i B 2 IB 12 « 22 
nre-season training, was for- 

EST"** »i Uni’S fSTSw* 

recreation at Kent Umvetsuy- _ , 

surdy have to go to — 

Preston Grasshoppei^ wbo Tuesday. 

meet Vale of Lune « FjJde OT ^ oulcome ofthree o fthe 
Sunday .m the finaJot toe other Nort hern Cup finals seem 
Lancashire .Cup. Having oe- Dret «ctable, though passion and 
feated Watorloo. tta ^ ranlitment can so easily. upset 

Popplewcll their full-time uv^ 

phvsiofeerapist- P°PP | ^ vC *): Djf22?^ 
who has worked with the iclub s mmmr p 

ftated Waterloo, the most 
successful dub in the North, 
with an opportunist tty by Sieve 
Kerry, they could have been 
forgiven for Acting that fee 
season’s ’ summit had been 
1 reached. 

fee form book. Sato will be 
expecting 10 maiiuam then 
record of never haring liW a 
Cheshire Cup tie J*eq they 
meet fee improved Birkenhead 
park in the final, .and Wea 

Gerald Davies 
Decider for the 

The final match in the British 
Universities tournament, spon- 
sored by Miller Buckley, takes 
place at Meggptiand today when ! 
Scotland play England . Wales., 
and Ireland are level on. four 
points at fee top of the table, but 
an English win today would 

mean a three-way tie. wife the 
winners of this inaugural tour- 
nament being fee team which 
has scored most tries. . 

boxer than W ill iamson, : going 
by what he bad seen of the 
American on one video. 

- “If T -could jump up and Jut 
Blanchard and put hint down I 
can do that to Williamson. I 
have been -training vay. had 
and I believe I shall win this title 
because I have got the ndO. to do 
it-” -• 

First dhrisiofi 

! Rnal rtMKflnga 

P w L F Arts 

TeamScolttm IB 17 t g 9 M 

prow Insurance IB IS 3 50 14 *6 

Aries IB 14 4 *T » « 

m fee semi-final they met Hartlepool and Go^fe m^ 
<"irn4i who. after Waterloo s be expecting to defeat Gate*- 
had superceded them as head. Sell and Tynedak in the 
Gnu favourites for the cup. The {foals of the I>ifeam and 
Sch was not decided until Northumberland Cups 
ferae minutes from the final respectively. 



ie eventually tost n-&l 1-3. k aertsehm {Stofa Pt yl ^ j 

Johansson’s third appeirant* F Bonn (HuH cuyt: an. R. .E?”. t . tB 

on court came daring Wendy (Sneffoid Unitetf). ie. S uwbh (f**wan. 

Lnrtnrt 1 

Ifl 14 4 g O 46 
18 9 9 * 3g 

18 9 S 32 3S 35 

IB 8 10 »> 32 34 

IB 7 11 38 40 32 

6 12 22 43 30 

Ifl d 14 19 48 28 

18 0 18 5 W 18 

whistle When a second penalty 
by Kerry, kicked into fee teeth 
of the wind from 35 yards, Bs* ve 
Hoppers victory- 
In the Yorkshire Cup Wake- 
, field, beaten in fee last two 



19, N<w««tae t OffflB 


WiW uj ITIUIW UWIUVJ, wim _ fT 

jlace at Meggetiand today when BOWLS.' 

Scotland play Enghmd . Wales.. . — ' 

ind Ireland are level on. four J 

points at fee top of the table, but JJ|0COflU CI13I1C6 

an English win today would • - , 

mean a three-way tie. wife fee : . John . Ortaway , w bo was 
winners of this inaugural tour- “ al . en 1 ^ *°hn Leeman ra we 
nament bring the team which 'final .las* y®? r » - has anoti^ 
has scored most tries. ^ ncc . to «nn the Lombard 

English universities: j web b (Brts- .ChatBWMi or Champions^tp- 
tosf. m Towns (Dwtiam). I Woddadjum door title at Rugby ThoniDdd 
{Uvnpoch, a Saaa (Uwosoorogn). t today (Gordon Allan writosLln 

fee quarter-finals be has been 
drawn against Gerry Smyth, 
another young England player. 
A final between, either Ottawa/ 
or Smyth and.Gaiy HaxzrqgUs< 
last -year’s runncF-up u> Tony 
Allcorit in the national indoor 
singes, is a distinct possibility. 

DRAW: 0 TMmwUrt (OwteitP^ V D 

mp s.^a u?gaara5 

BWwi (Bjooak Q Smyth 

oaawajr (Wymonmam Doih 

. (Urirpod). A hum (Louctex 
Scon (Newcastle): N Johouon 

- - fcN~ - 

lumL N Woods (fin 


mml C Beaune (Glasgow), 
(Otrite). i Rom (Stra may ae). 

UO Onto AIL 
(JO BMafctetTh 

narttiiiHiN wttti Prank 
Bougfi and Soft* Scan. 
WMttnrat&55»T.29 l 

regbrMlnaws, weather 
and traffic mBS7.7Jgr, - ■- 
7-57and 8JHTS nation* and 
international news at 7 JML 

7jo.bjoo.4uo and aioT 

sport at 7.20 and &Sfe 

Lynn fiatSds wood's 

consunw report at 8 . 18 ; 
and a review of too 
roorn by newspapers at 

Improve Britain's foottnl 

8.15 Good 

Diamond and Mck Oweiu 
■ Mm* wtm Gordon 
Honey c o mb eatajoyjO. 

■port ar &J 0 and 7JS; 

-warcbas at 8J8; cartoon 
at 7J5; pop video at TJSSi 
aracipeatL32; Jfronw 
Qrsaves's television 
Wphflgh ta at 8-40; Jennttar 
ITAbp at JW3j a special 

- and Alan Ttt cn m a i at i's 

•> ■» V|cm-in gardening 

; v . 830 Ca a tas KUO Play Scftoot 
x-v' 1030 W«M8noofcer!fiHte 
Mated, surprise winner 
j..;’- over world champion. 

Dennis Taylor, continues 
nta second round game 
against Joe Johnson, 
wnte Jimmy White begins 
Ws match against Tony 

- * Meo's conqueror, John 


O 1230 News Altar Noon wtti 
• ’> Frances Coverdate and 

v Moira Stuart todudes 

news haedtoes with 
. aubttoas. m» Regional 
news and weather. 

w , i fl.00 PebMe MB at On*. Paul 
J- >■ Cola and Marian Foster ' 

team about the fife and 
career of music hall star. 
Vesta Tifiey; and Dr David 
DeMn has advice for 
parents worried about 
. , ^ their chBdren's orowth. 

135 Oran (r) 130 stop* - 
Got For the very young, (rt 
2J0 World Snooker. David k*e 

- ' *■ presents further second 

round action with games 
' Involving Joe Johnson and 

Jimmy White. 330 Ceefax 
3J52 Regional news. 

- 335 The Amszfcm Adventures 

- of Morph (r)A.0Q T.T.V. 

Tee-time Television for the 
very young 4.15 
Dogtonlan and the Three 
Mltelrahoumla. Cartoon 
■ • ■ series, (rt 

; ’ 430 Ftexc The GStterbeS (1977) 
starring Ben Suckton and 
Keito Jayne. The story of a 
bal that arrives 
mysteriously from outer 
space, it is round by Max 
and Pete who discover 
V- mat it has extraordinary 

powers that causa a lot of 

- trouble when they try to 
hkte it from people who 
want to steal iL Made by 
the Chtfdrens Film 
Founda ti on and (greeted 
by Harley Cockfiss. 

535 TheFVntstortes. 

BJD0 News with Sue Lawfey and 
Nicholes WltcheM. 


-• Biffi London Pitta, 
r 7J00 Wooan. Kenneth WBfiams ! 
sits m tor the last time for ; 
the hoMaying Mr Wogan. 
His guests Include 
Nlchotes Parsons, Denise 
Coffey and the Electric 
Light Orchestra. 

- 730 rveQot a Secret ’ 

Introduced by Tom 
. _ O'Connor. Among those 
with secrets to keep are 
the Rev Dadd Jenkins, 

FHt* Spied and Wendy 
Richard. Trying to 
discover toe nature of the, 
secrets are Sarah 

Sandra Dickinson and 
Richard Stagoe. (Ceefax) 

: 8.10 Dynasty. Joal takes Rita. 
trft>to Rio. (Ceefax) - 
. 930 News with John Humphrys 
and Andrew Hariray.- 
- Weather': 

j 930 World Snooker. DavW 
Vine Introduces second 
maid coverage of 
vu'i . matches Involving MB<a 
.-! Naltett and Jhnray White. 

1 0.15 OmnBxw presents Comic 
Rebel. Heights of a 
- concert given t>y toe 

country’s top comedians 
■ to retee money to support 

the famine retef camp in 
' Umbala, westoftoe 


■' 1135 Fflac Tire Private Files of 

J Edgar Hoover (1978) 
starring Broderick 
Crawford otd Jose Ferrer. 
A dr ama t iz ed account erf 
' the 40 year reign of the 

head of the FSLDirecrad 
by Larry Cohen. 

130 Weather. 

935 Thames news headtirias. 

930 For Schools: a (Ay's 
natural history 930 A 
search for history in 
Evemn, Liverpool 1039 
Junior maths soAds 1036 
Everyday famSy Ufa 1038 
Engfch; Wffly RusseH's, 

The Boy WKn the 
Transistor RacSo 11.15 
Bicycles - ancient and 
modem 1137 Two 
children e xamine the 
lan dsca pe of the 

Sri34T?l , fftK P * ant 

community of Leicester. 

1230 Benny. Animated. 

adventures of a dog. (rt 
12.10 Rainbow. Leaning 
with puppets. 1230 
Ageless Ageing. Lesfie 
Kenton continues her 
series on ways of delaying 
the ageing process. 

130 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 130 Thames news. 

130 Film: And Woman Shall 
Weep* (1959) starring 
Ruth Dunning. Sentimental 
drama about a widowed 
mother who has to have 
an operation but is 
reluctant to leave her 
tMne^esona. Doected by 

330 University Challenge. &25 : 
Thames news headlines 
330 Sons and Daughters. 

430 Rainbow. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
12.10115 The Bhmdera. 
Cartoon series about an 

Show with Rod Hurt. 

5.15 Connections. Quiz game 
for teenagers. 

535 Newawito Alastalr 

630 The S CClock Shore. 
Michael Aspei and Ws 
team taka a look at the 

K tar side of London life. 

end My GH. Derek 
decides to have an 
amorous night on the town 
when his wire and children 
. go away for half-term. The 
next morning he Is found 
at his desk dressed in a 
bin doth, (r) 

730 Murder, She Wrote: Sing a 
Song of Murder. Jessica 
dashes to London at the 
behest of her cousin, a 
famous actress who has 
. beentfte targets? a 
number of murder 

830 Home to Roost Comedy 
- series starring John Thaw 
as the divorced father 
whose newty-tound 
bachelor exstence is 
threatened by the arrival of 
his son. (r) (Cxacie) 

SUM Airf Wfedersehen, Put 
The lads arrive in Spain 
and are immediately in 
■ trouble with the locals, the 
Spanish police, and ex- 
patriate criminals. (Oracle) 
1030 New* at Ten with Alastalr 

Burnet and Sandy gaH 
1030 The tendon pj ogiauu n e . 
John Taylor presents a 
report on Wandsworth 
Prison, reputed to be the * •' 
hardest regime in 
England. It now looks that 
it is on the verge of 
serious cflsorder (be, 
largely, to overcrowding 
and the postponement of 
vital improvements. 

1130 South of Watford. Hugh 
Laurie spends London’s 
feshton week with 
designer. Leigh Bowery. 
1130 Shoot Pood The holder of 
the John Bull Bitter 
London Pool 
Championship, Joe 
Barbara meets amateur 
qualifier, Peter Lofts. 

1230 Hawaii Ffve-O. Steve 

McGarrett is Winded by an 
explosion in to car. 

Starring Jack Lord, (r) 

130 MoM Thought*. 

wn toe volunteer armies 

marching into action against 
alcoholism want a slogan to 
put on their banners, may could 
do worse than pick a fine of 
lyric from the hfflbBy titty we 
hear over the cbstrbcrecBts 
INFLUENCE (Channel 4, 
1030pm): 'T cfonT think a gtrTs 
got to drink to have ton." And 
0 that tent considered strong 

enough, they could adopt and 

adapt the quote from one of the 
-drink-eddteted women who 
give their testimony In tonight's 
Was Being cfcxaumentaryJt's 
to the effect that whte knuckled, 
she dung on to Ms by her 
finger nafe.No doubt about 
itwomsn drinkers have the 
cards stacked against them-The 
moral stigma ("she's letting 
her sex down ‘because ail women 

6JS Open Un JvereH y: The 
Nigerian CMJ war 730 
Weekend Outlook. Ends at 

930 Ceafax. 

935 Daytime on Two: 
problems for 10 - to 12 - 
year olds 930 Ceefax 
10.15 Making your own 
anfmatadflkn 1038 How 
to prepare attractive meals 
using ess fat 11 30 How a 
computer can heto young 
gymnasts 1132 The 
contrast between Tokyo’s 
pubSc face and the 
everyday Rfe of a city 
dwelling fan^y 1134 
Economics: Free to 
Choose? 1236 Ceefax. 

1230 World Snooker. Further 
coverage of the second 
round matches involving 
Mike Halted and Jimmy 

138 Daytime on Turk 

Microelectronics - sensing 
and deciding 230 sandra 
is cross ana embarrassed 
when her mother insists 
on coming to tier party 
230 English. The first of 
three programmes 

designed to encourage 
, early teenagers to read 
more. Ends at 230. 

330 World Snooker. Second 
round action featuring the 
matches involving Terry 
Griffiths and Steve Davis. 

530 F»k The Magic of Lassie 
(1978) starring James 
Stewart Mickey Rooney 
and Alice Faye. Jamison, a 
crooked businessman, 
lakes Lassie from her 
owners. She escapes and 
begins a long and peritous 
journey back to her true 
home. Directed by Don 

730 World Snooker. David 
Vine with the latest news 
concerning the matches 
Involving Terry Griffiths 
and Steva Davis. 

735 House and Horn*. Part 
two of the eight- 

trie history of the small 
English house examines 
how me Inclusion of a 


830 ^uScfctxMidBaBot 

Paxman. An audience 
comprising parents, sixth 
formers, teachers and 
associated bodies, 
question Frances MorreU, 
Anne Safer, end Brian 
Sams, on London's 
education system and its 

830 Gardeners* WorM-from 
Radctiffe-on-Trent where 
Geoff Hamilton and Roy 
Lancaster visit the garden 
of Joan and Robin Grout 

930 World Snookor. Mika 
HaBetr concludes Ms 
second round match 
against Joe Johnson. 

930 Hebnat part seven of the 
11 -part drama. It is now 
1944 and Otto manages to 
spend a night with Maria 
erwoute to his next bomb 
disposal assignment and 
meets his son for the first 

1030 World Snooker. Jimmy 
White continues his 
second round match 
against John Parrott 
1130 News n l flh t 
1135 Weather. 

11.50 World Snooker. The final 
visit of the day to (he 
Crucible Theatre, 
Sheffield. Ends at 135. 


are supposed to be good*') Is 
appears mat for 

physiological reasons, women 
get (hunk more easily than 
man. Nine out of 10 women 
married to man with drink 
problems, stay with their 
spouses, but nine out of 10 
men married to alcohoHc wives 
walk out on them. And there 
Is not much sympathy waiting frx 
women patients at ete- 
toxfflcaoon cfinics etther because 
male alcoholics think women 
aloonolics are even lower down 
the ladder than they are. 

•Best of today's movies on 
TV by at least a mile is Larry 

2.15 Their LoRJsMps 1 House. A 
repeat of last night's 
highlights of the day's 
proceedings In the House 
of Lords. 

230 Channel Fota Racing from 
Sandown. ThaAixfi Sport 
Stakes Handcap (235k 
the Trusthouse Forte Mile 
(335); the Audi Grand Prtx 
be Cmutse (3AQk and the 
Marcus Beresford Stakes 

430 SawttdowR. Yesterday's 

winner of the words and 
numbers game is 
challenged by Glym 

530 Car 54, Where Are You*. 
Vintage American comedy 
series about two hopeless 
police men. This weak, a 
recruit a Harvard 
graduate, is assigned to 
toe men's patrol car. He 
strikes up an instant 
rapport with Muldoon, but 
the conversation is too 
intellectual for Toody who 
asks to be transferred to 
another car. 

530 The Chart Show. The 
national and international 
pop music charts, new 
releases, and toe top 
videos of the week. 

6.15 David. Vktoo show 
featuring the latest IBm 

630 Solid Soot Introduced by 
Jufeet Roberts and Chris 
Forbes. Thte week** 
guests are the SOS Band 
and Total Contrast 

730 Channel Four new* wUi 
Peter Sissons and 
Nicholas Owen. Weather. 

730 Book Choice. Lord Max 
Fremont discusses 
Thomas Hinde book on 
Capabffity Brown. 

830 What toe Paper* Sey. 
Freelance joumeftst, Mary 
Holland, comment * on 
how the Press ha* treated 
toe week's news. 

8.15 Bandung FBeb Magazine 
programme for Aonn and 
audences. Tonighfa 
edition tedudas a report 
on why Blacks leave the 
pofice force. 

930 The Cosby Show. The 
HuxtaWe fanfly look 
forward to Haliowean and 
dressing up to outlandish 

930 Gardeners’ Catonar 
roadshow; Thte ffrstof a 
•• new series conies from 
Southampton where 
experts. Anne 
Swith Inbank, Reg 
Perryman and Join 
Warwick, from the Royal 
Horticttitoral Society. 

answer questions from an 
invited audience of 
amateur local 

Presented by Susan 
Brookes. (Orade) 

1030 Chaere. Sam donates his 
old football Jersey to a 
celebrity auction and is 
upset when nobody 
makes a bid for the relic. 

1030 Wefl Bains Woman 
Under the Influence. A 
documentary about 

women who drink, (see 
Choice) (Orade) 

11.15 Ftac The Brother from 
Another Ptanet (19841 
starring Joe Morton. A 
satirical oomedy about a 
black extra-terrestrial who 
crashes his spaceship to 
New York harbour and 
makes his way to Harlem. 
Directed by John Saytes. 



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through June 1986. 

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LYRIC THEATRE Shaftesbury 
Ave W1 01-437 5686/7 01-434 
l&BO. 01-454 tosa 01-734 
6166/7. Red Prtee Prevs. from 
June d. Opens Ju ne 1 1 si 7.0. 

The National Theatre - * acclaimed 

productio n af 


Award winning Comedy 

Evob 7ja Mao weds irram June 
lBi red Sal* 30- Advance BoPH- 
nwH Period now open June 4 - 
Aug 50. croon Seles Ol 436 
CC roOHWCfi OR ol 240 7200 

(no momma ran. 

Broderick Crawford playing the 
FBI Director, his an immense 
performance in every way, 
worthy to be set against Its 
twin pillar In Crawford’s up-and- 
down screen career, his 
power-hungry WHlie Stark in AS 
tho King's Men . 

•Radio choice: toe repeated 
interview with Leonard Bernstein 
in A Ufa FuH of Gifts (Radio 4, 

1 1 .00am}, and the final pan of 
Roger Nichols's aft- 
encompassing survey of Paris 
musical fife in the Twenties, 

The Hariecruin Years (Radio 
3.1 0.1 5pm). Befitting the 
valedictory nature of toe 
occasion, there is a splendid 
"cast" ton jgm, including Milhaud 
and Boulez 

Peter Davalle 

C Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. VHP variations al and 
of Rao‘v 4 . 

5-55 Shipping BJQO News Briefing; 

Weather 6.10 Farming 

640 Today, ina 640, 740, 

BJO News. 6.45 
Business News. 6-55, 7J55 
Weather. 7.00, &00 
News. 7.25, 8J2S Sport 7.45 
Thought tor the Day. 6J5 
Yesterday in Parfiamam. 
8-50 Letters 8£7 
Weather; Travel 
9.00 News 

EL05 Six Men. Anne Brown 
talks to the former 
convict John Me Vicar M 
CL30 Taking The Waters. Ian 
Bradley explores the 
spas of Europe (r) 

10JM Nows: IntBmational 
Assi^vnenL BBC 
correspondents report from 
around the world. 

1IL30 Morning Story: A Special 
Case by Jill ITOtris. 

Reader; Fleur Chandler. 

10X5 Daily Service, from 
Chester (s) 

11J90 News; Travel; A Life FuH 
Of Gifts. John Parry tafics 

- Id the composer and 
conductor Leonard 
Bernstein (s)(r) 

11.48 Natural Selection: Flying 
Pigs, with Roger 

1250 New^The Food 

Programme. With Derek 

1227 Bodgere. Banks and 
Spances. Comedy show 
starring The Bodgere (s) 
1255 Weather 

LOO The World At One: News 
140 The Archers. 1.55 

2j 00 News: Woman's Hour. A 
special eefition from the 
Bto ntoo h am School of 
Interview with conductor 
Simon Rattle. 

200 News: Joseph Andrews 
by Henry FeUtog. Part 2 
wto Comeflus Garrett In the 
title rote ( 0 (b) 

4JN News 

4JB5 The News HuddHnes. 

Roy Hudd with June 
Wlutfiekl and Chris Emmett. 

430 Katetdoseope. A second 
chance to hear tot 
nighfs edtionjndudes 
comment on Print 86 at 
the Barbican, and 
Shamrocks and 
Crocodtes at the Liverpool 

Bob Geldof: Comic Relief, on 
BBC 19.15pm 

8-30 Going Places. Clive 
Jacobs ano nis team 
examine the world ol travel 
ano transport. 

7. DO News 
7.D5 The Archers 
7.20 Pick Of The Week. 

Margaret Howard 
presents her selection from 
BBC radio programmes 
over toe past week. 

8-20 Stop Press 
8.45 Any Questions? Gavin 
Laird. Becky Bryan and 
MPs Enoch Powell and Jim 
Prior tackle questions 
raised bv toe audience in 
Stone. Staffordshire. 

9.30 Letter From Amenca by 
Alistair Cooke. 

8.45 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
parts ol Starting Off: The 

10-15 A Book At Bedtime: Mr 
Wakefield's Crusade (5). 
Read by John Rowe. 1029 

1030 The World Tonight 

1130 Today In Parliament 

11.15 Tha Financial World 

1130 Week Ending. A satirical 
view of the week's news 

12.00 News; Weather. 1233 

VHF (available in England S 
Wales only) a& above 
except: 535-6.00am Weather, 
Travel. 11.00-12.00 For 
Schools: 11.00 Drama 
Resources: 1120 Drama 
Resources: 11.40 Listening 
To Music 135-3. 00pm For 
Schools: 135 Listening 
Comer: 2.00 Teenage 
Plays: 2.30 Patterns Of 
Language: 2.45 Patterns 
Of Language. 530-535 PM 
(continued). 1230am- 
1.10am Schools Night-OTime 
Broadcasting: Cantonese 
Language Magazine 

Radio 3 

I Shipping 

rater 6.00 

Weather 6.00 News; 
Financial Report 

635 Weather. 730 News 

7.05 Morning Concert 

(Midsummer Night's Dream 
overture). Bach (Sonata 
in G. arranged from BWV 
525). Busoni 
(Divertimento. Op 52: 
Nicotet, fluTB/Lefozig 
Gewandhaus). Stravinsky 
(Scenes de ballet) . 8.00 

835 Concert (contd): Liszt 
(Mephisto Waltz No 1), 
Sibelius (Serenade. Op 69 
NO 2: wito Holmes, 
violin), Haydn (Horn 
Concerto in D.HVHd 3): 
with TuckweiLhom), and 

(Capricaoespartgnoi). 9.00 ■ 

9.05 This Week's Composers: 

Sen Ota Canto rum. Pans. 
Daruet-Lesur (Le cantiques 
oes cantigues). Maurice 
Ohana (Tienta- Bream.guitar: 
and Lys da madngaux) 

10.00 Schubert and Mamroj: 

SiUito (vionn) and 

Go) dsrooa (piano). Scnubert 
(Rondo in B minor, D 
895), and Maronu (Violin 
Sonata Noll 
10.40 Langnam Chamber 
Orchestra: Boyce 
(Overture No 6 in D minor). 
Mozart (Six Landler. K 
6606). Haydn (Symphony No 

1125 Beethoven and Stuttgart 
Piano Trio. Beethoven 
(Piano Grto in D. Op 70. No 
1 1 . Smetana (Ptano Trio I 
in G minor. Op 15} 

1220 ConcercBBC 1 

Philharmonic (under 
Herblg).Part one. Barber 1 
(Essay No 1). Haydn 
(Symphony No 99). 130 

135 Concertrpart 2. 

Schumann (Symphony 
No 3) 

1.40 Medtner Piano Music: 
Malcolm Binns plays 
Sonata Op 56, Fairy Tale in A 
minor Op 51. No 2; and 
Sonata. Op 53 No 2 
220 Pachelbel and 

Buxtehude: recordings 
sol works include 
Pachelbel's Sonata in G. 

Buux WV 2771 and 
Hexachordum Apollinis: 

Aria prima, and Buxtehude's 
Sonata In G„ BuxWV 

330 TheCoolidge 

Commissi ons : R ou ssel 
(Trio, Op 40), DaUapicofla 
(Parole dl San Paolo, 
with Benfta Vaiante. mezzo). 
Poidanc (Flute Sonata: 

Rampal,soto4Bt), Respighi 

(Three Botticelli Ptetures) 

430 Choral Evensong: from 
Portsmouth CatoedraL 
4,55 News 

5.00 Mainly for Pleasure: 
recorded music 
selection .presented by 
Rodney Slatford 

625 Guitar music: Stefans 
Grand ona . Bach 
(Prelude, BWV 999; Lute 
suite. BWV 997; Prelude, 

Lute Suite. BWV 1006) 

7.00 The Art ot Margaret Price 
: Britten (Poet's Echo. Op 
76). arranged Britten 
(Folksongs including The 
Ash Grove nand 0 waly 

730 Imogen Cooper: piano 
recital.Part t. Haydn 
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sharp minor. Op 11) 

8.15 Resurrection: Crawford 
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composer (vaice)and toe 
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the Symphony Mathis der 
10.15 Th 

e Harlequin Years 
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THE now OUSTER •»“»£«■ 
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From May sin E\r» T.30. Mai 
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PRINCE OF WALES Ol 930 8681 
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1167. 734 0261. 734 0120. 439 
3849.439 4031 . FI rtf Call OC. 24- 
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A New Plav bv WlHd Mai MiU, 
KUN6- Sid 

DmriM uv P ■ to f Vita 

SAVOY Box Office Ol 836 8888 
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SHAPTESBURY 3T9 6399 or 579 
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until 3 May Tin NORMAL 
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10799 1 295623 or TlrketniailM- 
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Pressure rises with I Redgrave retains title 

the casualty count 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

The knives are being 
sharpened for England. They 
are not the daggers of criticism 
but the instruments of sur- 
geons. Bobby Robson's side 
may have stretched their un- 
beaten run to nine matches 
and their winning sequence to 
four at Wembley on Wednes- 
day night but their 2-1 victory 
in a typically rugged encounter 
with Scotland has proved to be 
perilously expensive. 

Robson counted the cost 
yesterday. Bailey, his third 
choice goalkeeper who was 
injured in training on Monday, 
has had a cartilage removed; 
Francis, who played with a 
fractured cheek-bone, bad an 
operation yesterday and will be 
out for a month; Wilkins, who 
has flown back to Italy, may 
have to have his right knee cut 
open next week. 

Reid, like Wilkins, has a 
double injury to thigh and 
knee, although the damage is 
less severe. Both Hodge, re- 
placed midway through the 
second half, and Watson are 
suffering from strained ankles. 
Apart from a mere half-dozen 
casualties, therefore, the En- 
gland squad emerged un- 
scathed from a match that was 
littered with ferocious 

The timing of the traditional 
fixture, which attracted the 
lowest audience at Wembley in 
its long history, was nonsensi- 
cal. The Anglo-Scotlish war is 

always waged with a spirit of 
wild hostility and the risk of 
injury a fortnight before the 
respective parties start their 
final preparations abroad was 
unacceptably high. 

“It was a great test of men 
and character," Robson said 
“The World Cup will not 
involve just technical excel- 
lence. It will be very competi- 
tive because the stakes are so 

Yet. as predicted it bore 
little resera blence to the more 
purposeful and less frenetic ties 
that are about to unfold If. for 
instance, the reckless tackles 
that shook Wembley are re- 
peated in Mexico, neither En- 
gland nor Scotland will finish 
with a full complement of 
playere. If they are not carried 
off, they will be sent off 

Robson, who has already 
lost Wright with a broken leg, 
fears that a few more of his 
squad members will be wound- 
ed in the closing 10 days of the 
season. As it is, Bryan Robson 
also bas a fragile shoulder and 
a troublesome hamstring and 
both Lineker and Hodtue are 
unable to train extensively. 

Almost a third of the party 
that Robson will reveal on 
Monday are not fully fit. Since 
he requires “three good goal- 
keepers with six good legs” be 
will probably include an un- 
derstudy for Bailey and after 
his performance in the under- 
21 side on Wednesday night. 

that could be Minims* of 

Robson will also ask four 
other players to form a list of 
emergency replacements “to 
stay at borne and keep them- 
selves in trim" until May 23, 
the day when his official squad 
must be submitted To avoid 
disappointment and unneces- 
sary travel, he would rather 
bring the substitutes out titan 
send them bade. 

The creative department is 
the most worrying and the 
health of Wilkins in particular. 
Had be not been forced to 
withdraw at halftime, it would 
not have taka England 20 
minutes to readjust to the 

More football, page 30 

threat posed by Gough, who 
exchanged places with Nicd 
and moved up from full back 
to support Scotland's front 

Hodge, a genuine and belat- 
ed discovery, has lifted himself 
into contention in less than 90 
minutes. A substitute in the 
Soviet Union last month and 
himself substituted during his 
first full appearance on 
Wednesday, he was hailed by 
England's manager as “proba- 
bly the best player we've had in 
filling tiie role of Bryan 

Since Waddle was yet again 
disappointing, the formation 
should embrace a line of four 

in midfield, wherein lies the 
undisputed strength of tire 
squad, rather than three. The . 
selection of a winger, except 
perhaps in the dosing stages, 
still seems to be a needless 
luxury. Yet Robson re mains 
reluctant to change his ideas. 

Hateley, who burst to prom- 
inence 18 months ago, has 
recently been either unavail- 
able through injury or less than 
convincing. Although be is 
prepared “to eat raw meat", as 
Robson put it, he has not 
scored in his last five appear- 
ances. Indeed, no English cen- 
tre forward has daimed a goal 
in the last seven and a half 

Watson's performance was 
creditable, especially after the 
interval. Before it, he followed 
instructions “to go and seek 
Nicholas", like a guided mis- 
sile, “and not to mss”. Robson 
paused and then added “the 
halT. Stevens, Tottenham 
Hotspur's version, did enough 
in his brief appearance to 
suggest that he night provide 
more adequate cover in de- 
fence and in midfield. 

Robson states that be al- 
ready knows tire 22 names on 
his fist. “It doesn't lake four 
years to construct a World Cup 
side. It is in the last six months 
that it takes shape. It is like i 
building a bouse. It doesn't 1 
half look good when you put I 
the roof on.” As long as the ■ 
foundations do not subside. 



Common ground for 
king and commoner 

From Mitchell Platts Madrid 

Noah has easy win 
over Peruvian 

From Richard Evans, Monte Carlo 

Severiano Ballesteros and 
David A Russell have about as 
much in common as the King 
of Spain and a local peon. 

Ballesteros has already re- 
ceived more money for teeing 
up in the Cepsa Madrid Open, 
which began here yesterday, 
than the £24,465 it has taken 
Russell 10 years to earn in 

Yet as Ballesteros, a star, 
and Russell, a member of the 
supporting cast, started out on 
the Puerta de Hierro course, 
both were seeking to put 
behind them recent, though 
vastly differing disasters. In 
short, they succeeded with 
Ballesteros round in 69 and 
RusseU in 68. 

Ballesteros, who collected 
three of his four birdies at par 
fives, cannot forget the US 
Masters he lost and Jack 
Nicklaus won. “I will only 
forget when I win my next 
major championship, so the 
US Open in June is very 
important," he said. “Anyone 
who saw the Masters knows 
who dominated it." 

The Spaniard's concentra- 
tion is currently suspect. That 

is only to be expected as the 
death two months ago of his 
father hit the youngest of tire 
four Ballesteros boys hardest 

Russell’s winter tale makes 
interesting reading. He suf- 
fered neck and back injuries in 
a car crash in California last 
October and he was advised 
not to play golf for at least 18 
months. He decided to ignore 
the specialist but his retnm to 
Kent was delayed because his 
wife was rushed to hospital for 
an emergency operation. 

Back in London, RusseU 
went to Moorfiekls Hospital 
where a surgeon located a 
piece of rusty metal in his right 
eye. The patch was removed 
only just in time for Russell to 
start the European season in 
Cannes last week but he was 
disqualified for hitting the 
wrong ball in the second 
round. Happily, like 
Ballesteros, he would seem to 
be on the road to recovery. 


(GB unless stated); 67: O Settera 
(Swe). 68: D A Russell. 69: M 
WHtsNns (SAk M Tapia (Fr* I 
Mosey. C Mason, G Brand Jnr; S 
Ballesteros (Sph I Woosnam. 


Informal (in for mal I |IN- (2), FORMAL!, a. Not 
in accordance with official, proper, or customary 
forms; without formality, informality i-mal'i til n. 
informally, adv. 

Yannick Noah is a sensitive 
soul. Mood and atmosphere 
areas important to him as the 
strict technicalities of the 
game he plays with such 61an 
and it was therefore surprising 
that the Frenchman came 
through his first match in the 
Monte Carlo Open against 
Pablo Anaya, of Peru, with 
such relative ease. 

Once again the conditions 
were the antithesis of what 
springtime on the Riviera is 
supposed, to be all about. A 
Scotch mist dung to the 
mountains that overbang the 
spectacular Monte Carlo 
Country Qub and, for most of 
the day, play was only possible 
under the sliding roof on die 
number two court 

“It was difficult," Noah 
said. “It was not what one 
expects at Monte Carlo. It was 
tough seeing the ball dearly on 
certain shots; it felt damp and 
the court became increasingly 
slippery under foot Under the 
circumstances I thought I 
played quite wdL" 

Arrays, a pleasing light- 
weight with a free-flowing top 
spin forehand, managed to 
elude Noah's lunges at tire net 
with a sufficient number of 
passing shots to make the 
score look quite respectable at 
6-4. 6-4. 

But it was a match to gel 
through rather than ponder 
over, and when a young lady 
from the computer company 
that works out these things 
offered him a bewildering set 
of statistics concerning his 
match. Noah looked at it in 
blank amazement “None of 
this ever makes any sense to 
me,” he said. “Apparently I 
served eight aces. The rest I 
don't understand at all" 

The only statistic that has 
really interested Noah recent- 
ly was the total of five million 
francs (about £500,000) that is 
expected to be raised as a 
result of the tdevision pro- 
gramme he hosted last Sunday 
in aid of CARE — the interna- 
tional charity which is headed 
in France by Noah’smother. 

Like most other players. 
Noah was preparing himself 
for the possibility of having to 
play two matches in one day, 
although why the roofed court 
was used for doubles in the 
evening when only two third 
round singles had managed to 
get started was for from clear. 
A Monday finish is now a 
distinct possibility. 

RESULTS: Y Noah (Fr) tt P Anaya 
(Fam), 6-4,64 J Arias (US) UM 
vajdajGz). 6-2. 6-2; R Agenor (HaflQ 
M D Pats (USL 6-0, 64; H Oe La 
Pana (Arg) w M PwnfOrs (Swe). 6-1 , 

More teimisj’&ge 29 


Knowles fights back 
to level matters 

By Sydney Friskm 


Tony Knowles, seeded No 
4, and Neal Foulds were 
locked in a tense battle of skill 
and attrition in a scheduled 
19-frame match at the Embas- 
sy World championship in 
Sheffield yesterday. Foulds 
gained ascendancy to lead 8-6 
but Knowles was back in the 
hunt at 8-8. 

In the early stages of 
Wednesday's play Foulds led 
2-1. but after Knowles had 
found his touch not more than 
one frame separated the play- 
ers and at the end of the fust 
day Knowles led 5-4. 

Yesterday, Foulds, mixing 
caution with aggression, gave 
very little away and went into 
the interval leading 7-6. That 
lead could well have been the 
other way about Knowles 
potted from yellow to blue but 
an unsuccessful attempt to 
double the pink left this ball at 
Ute mercy offoulds who took 
it and followed up with a 
superb shot on the black to 
take the frame. He took an 
early grip on the fourteenth 
frame leaving Knowles to put 
in some potting practice be- 
fore conceding, but the advan- 
tage which Foulds had gained 
was short-lived. 

On the adjoining table Sieve 
Davis began his match with 
Doug Mount] oy, whom be 
had beaten 18-12 in the 1981 
final In the early stages 
yesterday, however, the 1812 
Overture was played by 
Mountjoy who went into the 
first interval leading 3-1. He 
made a break of 97 which 
ended when the green hovered 

over a pocket to foil a possible 
122 which would have been 
the highest in the tournament. 
The best up to that stage was 
121 by Jimmy White. 

Eugene Hughes picked up 
two valuable world ranking 
points by defeating David 
Taylor 10-7 on Wednesday 
night, the result patting Taylor 
out of the top 16. He made 
Hughes work hard for victory 
towards the end but Hughes 
had the stronger finish. 

RESULTS: Wednosdi 
round: E Hughes bt David 
7 (73-38, 66-15, 8-106, 52-39, 20-76, 
48-90, 7W3. 86-31. 64-21. 27-66. 
68-19. 7442, 5-89, 77-9, 25-77, 45- 

Jeremich in 
fitness fight 

Peter Jeremich, the Crystal 
Palace forward, feces a race to 
be fit for England's hardest 
two matches in tire qualifying 
round of the European Basket- 
ball Championships in Copen- 
hagen. Jeremich, who was 
injured in Wednesday’s 95-61 
defeat of Cyprus, will almost 
certainly not be risked when 
England take on Luxembourg 
this afternoon but it is hoped 
that he will back for the games 
with Austria and Denmark 
tomorrow and on Sunday. 

Dave Gardner of Sharp 
Manchester United, was 
England’s top scorer against 
the Cypriots with 21 points. 
Only the top nation will 
qualify for the next stage of the 
cghampionships in Belgium 
next month. 

Jock Stein spent seven 
years trying JojSgJ 
Scotland's national teamtitet 
there was more to frjtbafl 
than merely proving their 
manhood in the annual dash 
with England. Witfam seven 
montireofhis death, they 

England, too, became 
PBnpht up in the physical 

mood, as Speofie will tell Joa, 

of a match which was - an 
irrelevance to fee forthcoming 
World Cap- “Yoa’ve flotjjb 
lean Co look after yamdST 
England's manager said yes- 
terdayin defence of staging 
this essentially psychological 

“World Cup football rsnotaU 
about technical excellence. 
They didn't have any cowards, 

and we didn't.** 

What both teams have as a 
result are injured players: 
WOkins and Hodge of En- 
gjaesd, and Nicholas at Stot- 
btnd, his aim ferttmately being 
braised and not broken. Piow- 
ing they are not afraid of each 
otter is, however, hardly an 
acceptable alternative to prov- 
ing they can compete mi ted 
terras with the best m Mexico. 
This — teh has, espedaUy for 
Scotland, slowed rather than 
advanced preparations. ' 

Faith betrayed 


Boundless zest of 
B01 Edrich 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

When a friend of Rocky Cooing into the England 
Marciano was told that the side for the first time when he 
great boxing champion had was just 22, against Anstrafia 
died, he replied: “If yon stand in 1938, be had a staunch 
over him and start to count to supporter in Walter Ham- 
10, I think you'll find he will mend. It was Hammond's 
come round." Bfll Edrich, who advocacy more than tire rugs 
died on Wednesday fright at which Edrich made which kept 
the age of 70, had the same him in the England side until 
reputation for indestrnctib- he finally became an estab- 
flity. fished member of it, which he 

It ms Ibis wbach caused die M dom by *s ssUmsk of 
people of England to take him . . . -- 

to their hearts after the last j!, 1 *! 7 , Edwdh wd Pema 
war. Having won the DFC Compton, hisMrddteoc and 

against the Germans as a brolM LfS 

bomber pilot, he became a ^ wwte rt «s «tnjj 

symbol If defiance against “f? T*? 

Lindwall and Miller. them. Ownpt mi apoke y estH^- 

day of a friendship with 
Edrich which knew no cross 
words. Any disagreements 
they may have had were 
between the wickets. Edrich 
had non of Compton's grains. 
He achieved what he isd by 
being fearless and whole- 
hearted. For a year or two after 

the war he coaid bowl the 
fastest overs of any 

Short m height, Edrich bad 
the heart of a lion and an 
enormous enthusiasm for 
cricket Rather than playing 
the odd game for the XL dab 
or on the occasional Sunday 
for the Whitbread Wanderers 
when his career with Middle- 
sex came to a natural end, he 
went back to his native Nor- 
folk, where, matfl he was 55, he 
inspired them with his gats 
and zest and fighting spirit 
On the field and off fr he never 
spared himself, and he was 
intensely loyal. 


Jim Laker, the former Sur- 
rey and England off-spinner 
who died on Wednesday at the 
age of 64, was a great bowler, 
deadly on a drying pitch, as 
Ian Johnson's Australians 
knew to their dreadful cost, 
and never less than very good, 
even on the easiest of pitches 
in Australia and West Indies. 

He had to his credit the 
most extraordinary analysis 
ever recorded in Test cricket — 
19 wickets for 90 runs against 
Australia in the fourth Test at 
Old Trafford in 1956. Incredi- 
_ bly enough, that was the 
second time in the season he 
had token 10 Australian wick- 
ets in an innings: he had 
already done so for Surrey at 
the Oval Six years earlier he 
had rained the Test trial at 
Bradford by taking eight wick- 
ets for two runs on the first 
morning, bowling for The 
Rest against England. 

Laker had considerable 
powers of spin, unwavering 
accuracy, a haughtiness which 
reduced hesitant batsmen to 
trembling wrecks and a fine 
temperament All of which 
was rather remarkable, be- 
cause he was not athletic or a 
natural games player or any- 
thing more than a ragged 
batsman and a competent 
gully fielder. What he found 
he could do was to bowl off 
breaks and he had the York- 
shire canniness to discover 
how best to make the most of 
this natural talent 

As for Edrich's popularity, 
ft was based on his being the 
same to all people, yonng and 
old an irrepressible enthusiast 
and incurable romantic. 

Sun shines 
for an 
old Bine 

FENNER'S: Essex, with 9 
second-innings wickets in 
hand, are 228 runs ahead of 
Cambridge University. 
Another University collapse 
is, on paper, a familiar story. 
To be rair to Cambridge it was 
a bowler’s pitch and, to be 
charitable; it is early season. 
One Blue enjoyed himself: 
David Acfidd took five for 38 
in Cambridge’s first innings of 

Heavy overnight rain de- 
layed the start for half an hour 
and then, praise be. the sun 
shone almost all day. The 
pitch dried and by lunch was 
taking quin Lever accounted 
for the opening batsmen, both 
caught in the slips. In his nine 
overs he did not concede a 

Fell, trying to lift Acfield 
over mid-on, found only 
Pringle, the tallest Essex field- 
er. rail a freshman to whom 
Somerset are likely to offer a 
contract, was caught at silly 
point Browne missed a drive 
at Childs. It was rather a 

SCORES: Essex 266 for 4 dec (A R 
Border 80) and 71 for 1; Cambridge 
University 1 09 (D L AcfiekJ 5 for 38). 

Mere cricket, page 3 

mdpppnrf pwr-anind gfl manager, 
he will accept that there has to 
be a place far Hansen along- 
side Miller. The vision of the 
Liverpool defender and his 
ability to hold the balLand 
initiate attacks, can be fiCfo- 
mental to the style of play 
which Scotland need to find 
for Mexico, as opposed to the 
frenzy of Wembfey. 

Bobby Robson is concerned 
abort the possibility of his own 
defenders persistently com- 
mitting foals aro&nd toe penal- 
ty area in Jane, when the valoe 
of free-kicks m Mexico's light 
air will be accentuated. 

The problem for both tews 
is going to be seining goals 
agains t sweeper-based defen- 
se systems m a difficult 
donate. The statistics of the 
1970 World Cop hold a signif- 
icance regarding physical 
stamina which both Robson 
and Ferguson should bear in 
mind when selecting { jbeir 

The 1970 statistics were 
that almost half the goals ~(43 
out of 95) were scored in the 
last half hoar as teams became 
fatigued; that three of toe best 
teams, West Germany, Italy 
and Brazil sowed two thirds 
of their goals after the 70th 
minute; that in half the match- 
es there were three goals or 
fewer; and that over half tire 
goals (48) were scared in trader 
a third of the matches (10). 

Using the ball to save the 
legs will be paramount. To’ try 

to play toe way Scotland did at 
Wembley will leave them ex- 
hausted by half- time * is 

Robson’s dilemma 

He had a perfect pivot if 
that sounds technical you will 
notice all the best orthodox 
slow bowlers da Off a short 
run, which included a shuffle, 
and with visible concentra- 
tion, he would send the hall 
humming through the air and 
fairly spitting off a drying 
pitch. He was tall Quite 
heavily built and dourfy confi- 
dent After he had won die 
Ashes for England at Old 
Trafford 30 years ago, he 
walked off the field, bis sweat- 
er slung across a hunched 
shoulder, as though wonder- 
ing what all the fuss was abort. 
The measure of that phenom- 
enal achievement was the feet 
that Tony Lock, himself a 
fiendish exploiter of awkward 
conditions, took only one 
wicket in the match in 69 

One remembers Laker 
bowling to Norman O’Neill 
playing for a Combined XI at 

Perth in 1958-59 — Laker the 
destroyer of the 1956 Austra- 
lians, O'Neill the “budding 
Bradman” of Australia, who 
had been flown over from 
Sydney especially for the 
match. O'Nefll came in early 
on the Saturday afternoon, on 
a lovely batting pitch, before a 
large crowd and in beautiful 
weather. At the dose of play 
he was still there in the 90s. 
On the Monday morning Lak- 
er had him caught at slip, off 
his out-swinger, for 104. Hon- 
ours were shared. 

Being forthright and some- 
what inflexible, and having a 
long memory. Laker allowed 
opinions to appear in a ghost- 
ed autobiography which be 
may later have regretted. It 
meant that for a while he was 
out of favour with Surrey at 
the Oval and with MCC at 
Lord’s. He emerged from that, 
though, to hold high office at 
Surrey and -to become an 
honorary member of MCC 

His omission from the MCC 
side to Australia, in 1954-55, 
when he was in his prime, was 
an outrage. He leaves a wife 
and two children. 

Hampshire profit 

Hampshire County Cricket 
Club almost doubted tbdr profit 
last year, when they were run- 
ners-up in the. county 
championship, compared wife 
1984. The dub made a record 
surplus of £59.609; the figure 
was £30.583 the year before. 

If Robson is going to opt for 
a 4-4-2 formation with, 

central forwards who are both 
capable of holding toe hall 
when numerically outnum- 
bere d. This is the only fnne- 
i&a in which Francis can still 
bold dafm to a place, wfth his 
Italian experience. Robson 
has the same tactical conflict 
over wingers as Aif Ramsey 
did 20 years ago. 

E ng l a n d's results against 
Egypt. Israel the Soviet 
Union and now Scotland may 
have improved morale, but ft is 
still technique rather than 
character, important as that £ 
which win be toe arid test in 

David Miller