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No 62,442 


By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

The Prime Minister said and liberty and its conrinu- 
yesterday that die would never ance, and in remembrance of 

appease or bow to terrorism the things that we did not do, 
and refused to ruie out British the decisions which we did not 
backing for further American take in the Thirties and the 
action against terrorism, in- lives that would have been 
eluding the possibility of strikes saved if we had, 1 am in duty 
against Syria and Iran. - bound to consider it in the 
Asked m an interview on the circumstances of the time. 
BBC radio World This Week- “And no one will ever hear 

end whether she would sane- me say that a tyrant can be 
tion attacks against Damascus certain that this government 

and Tehran, a possibility would hot take actios against 
raised by President Reagan him because if Z were to say 
last week, Mrs Margaret that, it would hr the green 
Thatcher said that any Ameri- light for terrorism to go 
can request would have to be ahead.'! 
considered onils merits. The Prime Minister said: 

considered on its merits. The Prime Minister said: 

But she added: “Let me “We know in our heart of 
make it clear, I will never ran hearts that if yon never use 
a policy where the only thing force, then a tyrant will win." 

we can do is to cow beforea ty- 
rant or to cringe before him 

iddeth “What you can- 
ts leaves tyrant free to 

because in that way he would murder and maim your people 
have won and terrorism as often and when and where 

would have won. 

“Don't forget, terrorism is 

he chooses.” 

Mrs Thatcher’s interview 

there to make people dp things was a dearly designed attempt 
which are totally different to turn the tide of hostile 
from what they would choose public opinion on the Libyan 

to do. 

“So if we ever get to that 

raids. ... 

She said that the American 

situation, L in duty to freedom action against 

Briton killed in Jerusalem 

A young British tourist was 
shot dead yesterday afternoon 
at the enhance to the Garda 
Tomb here. 

Police said no identifying 
do cu m ents were found on him, 
tod the Foreign Office later 
confirmed that he was Mr Find 
AmhonyAppJeby, and 28, 
from POrtfsfaead, near Bristol. 

Her a pparatus’ am-, 
bashed in a’ narrow afley lead- 
ing to the Garden Tomh, held 

From David Bernstein, Jerusalem 
l. by Ptostestants to be thesiteof 
i Jesus's crodffadoa and bmiaL 
i A single shot was fired mto his 
head from a - sraafl<alibre 

The Rer Wflliam Wide, die 
Augfrcaa supervisor attbe site, - 
said that the shot was fist 
bend fry Dr Roger Gilbert, 
another Englishman, . who 
works at fie Tomb. Dr Gilbert 

blood, jus* outside 

Tomorrow Libya tries 

A modem to defuse 
emperor the tension 

As a young man 
Prince Hirohito 
landed in trouble 
when he tried to 
emulate the Prince 

Controversy has 
followed him ever 
since — but 
tomorrow he 
celebrates 60 years 
on the throne 

it up 

Suzy Menkes on 
designer sarongs 

— ^ old — 

• Four readers -- 
shared the weekend 
Times Portfolio Odd 
prize of £20,000 — two 
shared a weekly 
prize of £16,000, and 
two the daily £4,000. 
Detateere m page 3. 

• Today, there is 
£4,000 to be won. . 

• You wilt need the 
PortfoBo Gold card to 
play the game. De- 
tails of umere to obtain 
a card if you have 
any difficulty getting 
one from your news- 
agent are in page 3- 

• Portfolio Gold fist, 
page 20; rules and how 
to pfay 16. 

Home News 2-4 LurSeport 28 

Aptr « ftem Bonds If 


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From Robert Fisk r . 


As ingratiatingly selfcriti- 
cat article in the weekly news- 
paper of Libya’s “Revolu- 
tionary Committees*’ and a 
comparatively mild reproof of 
EEC ambassadors for tbeir 
countries’ new measures ag- 
ainst Colonel GadaffTs regime 
provided further evidence at 
the weekend that Libya’s rul- 
ers want to de-escalate the 
crisis in the Mediterranean. 

Demands from whitin' the 
Government that Libya 
should “clean up its house” — 
the words were in the article 
written by a cousin of Colonel 
Gadaffi - have been coupled 
with further Libyan assur- 
ances of undying friendship 
with the Soviet Union. 

Colonel Alexander Kval- 
chok, the commander of the 
Soviet naval squadron now 
visiting Libyan ports to show 
Moscow's moral support -for 
Libya, stood in silence on 
Saturday at the graves of some 
of Tripoli's civilian air raid 

In a briefbui almost ecstatic 
report, the official Libyan 
news agency said that Soviet 
officers and soldiers, together 
with the Russian ambassador 
to. Tripoli, stood in the 
cemetary “in respect of the 
; sacred spirits of the martyrs” 
who died in “the foiled Ameri- 
can barbaric aggression.” 

However truculent these 
words may sound, it is equally 
dear that the Libyan leader- 
ship is undergoing a period of 
considerable self examination. 

The article in Jamofioriya 
newspaper; for example, criti- 
cized not just those revolu- 
tionary cadres who “ran 
away” during the American 
air raids two weeks ago. but 
also those who claimed — 
fraudulently — that 24 US jets 
bad been shot down “tike 
autumn leaves” during the 

Even the Palestinian groups 
whom the Libyans support — 
the pro-Moscow Democratic 
front for the Liberation of 
Palestine, the Popular Front 
for the Liberation of Palestine, 
the Popular Front for the 
Liberation of Palestine Gener- 
al-Command and the Pales- 
tine Popular Salvation Front 
— was given ah audience by 
Abu Baler Younis Jaber, the 
commando- of the armed 
forces, who stressed the Soviet 

Continued on page 16. ad 1 

to the Tomh, There was no sign 
of fie assailant 

Mr Appleby was apparently 
alone at fie fine of fie attack, 
which took place in fie early 
afternoon, and no eye-w i tn esses 
have come forward. 

Some passers-by in fie nca- 
ity of the attack were held far 
questioning, bat police werelast 
night stiH leaking for the 

Continued on page 16. col 8 




From Michael Binyon 

President Reagan warned 
terrorists and dictators at the 
weekend to be prepared for 
the consequences of their 
“cowardly acts”. 

"The world today is a 
dangerous place — even, in 
some regions, a savage place,” 
he said on arrival at Hickam 
Air Force Base in Hawaii But 
the US was showing perpetra- 
tors of cowardly acts against 
Americans that they had best 
be prepared for the conse- 

He praised the US armed 
forces, telling the servicemen 
and their families who greeted 
him that they were performing 
a “difficult duty” in the world. 

But America today was 
“standing tall.” It was rebuild- 
ing its defences and going 
ahead with new weapons 

Mr Reagan flies on today to 
Guam on his way to the 
Economic Summit in Tokyo. 
His warning on terrorism, the 
latest in a series threatening 
further military strikes against 
countries sponsoring terror- 
ism. shows he intends to focus 
on the issue in Tokyo. 

He is expecting “forceful 
and collective action” and US 
officials are hoping a joint 
statement on terrorism will be 
made by the' seven countries. 


"***£1* «■* • Evidence is growing that Libya Is 
backin 8 for new US anti- anxious to defuse the tension with the 
terror strikes West 

• A young British tourist was shot dead • Italy has ordered Libya to reduce by 
in Jerusalem by an unknown gunman 10 its staff in Rome (Page 5) 

served as a deterrent, and had 
jolted many countries into the 
realization that they had not 
been doing enough io counter 
state-sponsored terrorism, “a 
form of undeclared war." 

But she pointed out that 
sanctions were still inade- 
quate, and said she would like 

“And; no one will ever bear tougher action on trade cred- 
e say- that a tyrant can be its. the supply of weapons and 
rtain that this government - Libyan oil imports. 

Mrs Thatcher also empha- 
sized the tight restrictions she 
had placed on the United 
States air strikes, in return for 
the use of British-based F- 
111s, mid she denied the 
charge that she bad acted as 
the President’s poodle. “I 
don’t think 1 would make a 
very good poodle, and I am 
not” she said. “I might be 
more a sort of a bulldog. 

“There is no question of 
dancing to someone else’s 
tune. We looked at the tune 
and we agreed that it should be 

Query for Hard, page 2 
Chirac agreement, page 5 
Rome expulsions, page 5 


Kathleen Yonohana, a Hawaiian high school student, greeting President Reagan with a gar- 
land and a kiss after his arrival at Hickam Air Force Base on his way to the Tokyo summit. 

Duchess’s body is brought home 

White lilies mark 
France’s farewell 

By Thomson Prentice 

The body of the Duchess of Tibery. representing the City 
Windsor was brought with of Paris, 
quiet ceremony to England by Personal staff who bad 
a Royal Air Force flight from nursed the Duchess through 
Paris yesterday afternoon for her last frail years wept as the 
tomorrow's funeral in coffin was driven away. Mrs 
Windsor. Svire Gozin. her nnrse for the 

The Duchess, who died at past 10 years. saidrShe was 
her home in Paris last Thurs- happy to be rejoining her 
day. aged 89. wifi be buried husband. Their love never, 
next to the Duke of Windsor, ever died." 
the man who would not be The Duchess’s body was 
king without her. escorted on the flight to 

The Queen and otber.mem- England by the Lord Cham- 
bers of the Royal Family, berlain. Lord Airiie. under the 
including the Queen Mother, Queen's authorization, 
are expected to attend the The coffin was met at RAF 
private funeral at Frogmore. Benson. Oxfordshire, by the 
The Duchess’s coffin, with a Duke of Gloucester, who ac- 
wreath of white lilies, was companied it to Windsor 
borne from her secluded man- The apparent failure to 
sion in the Bois de Boulogne thieve a Royal family reeon- 
by six Royal Air Force pah- cUiation is likely to be empha- 
bearers. Two rows of British Kxjay by the publication 

and Frenc* government offi- 0 fiaij m ate letters between the 
cials lined the gravel path. Duke and ^ ^ en Mrs Wa Uis 
They included Sir John Simpson. 

Fhstwell Britain's Ambassa- .4 book of the letters will be 
dor to France, and his wife, published next month by 
Mary; M Didier Bariani. the Weidenfeld and Nicolson. 

: .French Secretary of State for The Daily Mail begins serial- 
1 Foreign Affairs; and M Jean ized extracts today. 

Oil slump 
coal pits 

By Graham Searjeant 
Financial Editor 

Plunging oil prices will force 
the National Coal Board to 
abandon its target of breaking 
even in its next financial year 

save boy 
in crevice 

Rescuers last night freed a 
boy aged five who was trapped 
for six hours 20 feet down a 
natural crevice. 

Gavin Hall was buried up to 
his arms by soil and gravel 

even m id ucai iiiuiiciiu jwi - . cl :‘ 

WSWA? of 

pit closures and redundancies 
on the scale that provoked the 
1984-85 strike, according to a 
new study from the London 
Business School. 

It says the alternative is for 
the Government to reverse its 
policy of competitive energy 

Negotiations between the 
Central Electricity Generating 
Board, which wants lower coal 
prices, and the National Coal 
Board may conclude this 

Coal prices are JikeJy to fall 
slightly in exchange for an 
agreement that power stations 
will not switch heavily to 
cheaper oil. 

Coal 'crisis*, page 17 

Cannock Chase, Staffordshire. 

But the soil wedged him, 
saving him from falling into a 
1 00-ft underground cavern be- 
neath the hillside at Seven 
Springs, a beauty spoL 

A coal mine rescue team 
had to dig away the earth inch- 
by-inch for lear of causing 
another landslip which would 
have buried the boy complete- 
ly. They drove wooden planks 
into the hillside to prevent 
further earth falls and inserted 
airbags into the fault. 

Gavin, of Exeter Street, 
Stafford, was taken to Stafford 
District General Hospital 
where his condition was satis- 

Mystery of the missing president 

From Our Own 

The apparent fail ore of 
President Babrak Karmal to 
address a military parade in 
Kabul yesterday m ar ki ng the 
eighth anniversary of the com- 
munist takeover in Afghani- 
stan fuelled speculation about 
bis wheareaboots- 

Radio Kabul, reporting live 
the celebrations in the Afghan 
capital, mentioned bis name 
only once in the two-hour-long 
broadcast merely saying that 
students marching in tire pa- 
rade were carrying his 

Yet In protocoFconsdoos 
communist Afghanistan, be 
should have presided over the 

His surprise stand-in as 
main speaker, M^jor-General 
Nazar Muhammad, the De- 
fence Minister, did not men- 

Mr Karmal: unexplained 
absence from parade. 

tion President Karmal at all in 
his short speech. 

Widespread diplomatic 

speculation about dtssatis&c- 

In an article marking the 
anniversary of the communist 
takeover, fie Soviet party 
newspaper said that criticism 
had been expressed at the slow 
speed of the introduction of 
reforms in fie country. 

it follows the widely-noted 
failure of Mr Mikhail Gor- 
bachov. the Soviet leader, to 
meet Mr Karmal during his 
stay in Moscow for fie 27th 
Communist Party congress in 

That was seen by many 
observers here as a deliberate 

The Pmvda article added: 
“Dissatisfaction wifi what 
has been done, sharp cr i ti c i sm 
of failings which hare hin- 
dered fie revolutionary pro- 
cess in Afghanistan, could be 

tion ia fie Kremlin with the seen in the dedsions taken last 
leadership of President autumn by the Revolutionary 

Karmal was increased yester- 
day after annsual criticism of 
his regime m Prarda, 

Council . . . and in theses on 
fie necessity to widen the 
social basis of the revolution.” 

Although there has been no 
oficial confirmation, many 
diplomats here believe that 
President Karmal, who has not 
been seen since March 30. 
when he left mysteriously for 
an “unofficial” trip to Mos- 
cow, may still be here, being 
treated in secret for a lung 

Western sources surest 
that Kremlin dissatisfaction 
with the man it installed iu 
power in December 1979 cen- 
tres on his slowness in broad- 
ening the narrow base of his 
Government and bringing-in 
enough non-communists. 

The unusually wide cover- 
age given in fie Soviet media 
10 the official visit here fast 
week of the Afghan Prime 
Minister. Sultan _ Ali 
Kishtmand. has convinced 
some Kremlin-watchers that 
he is the local figure now- 
favoured by Moscow to take 
over the Afghan leadership. 


Hint of move 
by General 
Motors on BL 

By Our Political Correspondent 

Seal of 
on jewels 

By Suzy Menkes 

The fate of fie Duchess of 
Windsor's jewels will never be 
known unless or until a state- 
ment is made by her lawyer 
and friend Maitre Suzanne 

For fie Duchess’s last will 
and testament will be “sealed” 
and its contents never publicly 
known, legal historian Mi- 
chael Nash suggested 

MrNash, a senior lecturer 
in law at Norwich College, 
who has made a study of royal 
wills, claims that the Duke of 
Windsor's will was sealed on 
November 27. 1972, and that 
his wife’s will be accorded this 
same “royal” treatment. 

The estate of fie former 
Edward VIII was never re- 
vealed, nor were individual 
bequests, although his will is 
believed to contain a clause 
relating to his wife’s jewels 
and requesting that they 
should never be worn by 
another woman. 

The practice of sealing royal 
wills in perpetuity was intro- 
duced only this century, ac- 
cording to Mr Nash. Queen 
Mary sealed the will of her 
brother. Prince Frank of Teck, 
who died in 1910. after a 
dispute over family jewels. 
MrNash also bad evidence 
that Queen Alexandra died 
intestate in 1925, thus scotch- 
ing fie theory that she left fie 
friture Edward VIII the “Alex- 
andra Emeralds” in her will. 

The present practice is that 
when a royal will is proved, the 
president of the family divi- 
sion at Somerset House orders 
it to be sealed and not opened 
to public inspection. The 30- 
year rule does not apply. The 
Treasury Solicitor seeks the 
views of Buckingham Palace 
whenever an application for 
the sealing of a royal will is 

A spokesman for Bucking- 
ham Palace said that the royal 
family knew nothing about fie 
will of the Duchess of Windsor 
and that it was entirely a 
matter for her executors. The 
British Embassy in Paris con- 
firmed that its' relationships 
with the Duchess ended yes- 
terday when her “mortal 
remains” were flown out of 

MaiCre Blum, who. like the 

Continued on page 2. col 7 

Mr Paul Channon. Secre- 
tary of State for Trade and 
Industry, yesterday triggered a 
new dispute over BL when he 
opened up the possibility of 
General Motors returning to 
negotiations for the purchase 
of BL companies. 

He said in an interview on 
Channel 4’s The Business 
Programme that if an accept- 
able deal could have been 
struck with GM. it would have 
solved the problem of ihe 
truck industry. 

Mr Channon was then 
asked whether there was not a 
risk that he would find himself 
having to go to GM to invite 
them back. He replied: “Per- 
haps they will have to come to 
us, if they want to." 

That remark was pounced 
upon by Mr Roy Hattersley. 
the deputy Labour leader, who 
created the original dispute 
over BL privatization in Feb- 
ruary. He said that his infor- 
mation was that once passions 
had cooled, the Government 
would again seek a foreign 
buyer for BL companies, with 
GM remaining the favourite 

Mr Hattersley said: “Those 
sources which warned us that 
the Government intended to 
sell off British Ley land to 
General Motors and to Fords 
told us last week that it 
remained the Government's 
intention to go ahead with the 
General Motors bid after a 
year's pause. Today Mr 
Channon made dear that our 
information was again 100 per 
cent correct.” 

It was thought last night 
that Mr Hauersley's sources 
were based on disaffected 
areas of BL management — 

upset by ihe appointment of 
Mr Graham Day. who takes 
over as BL chairman next 
Thursday. They have been say- 
ing that ministers will resume 
secret talks with GM once 
ami-Governmeni publicity 
over Land Rover has 
subsidcd.The suggestion is 
that the Government would 
be prepared to offer GM tbe 
opportunity to bid for shares 
in Land Rover when the 
company is floated in about 
I S months* to two years' time. 

However, the BL sources 
have been saying that the 
Government would insist on a 
substantial holding in Land 
Rover remaining in British 
hands, and that ministers 
would require a stronger grip 
on pofiev than at present 
exists with GM’s British inter- 
ests. Those are the points on 
which the previous GM talks 
foundered, and it was evident 
that if GM had accepted such 
terms ministers would have 
favoured a GM deal in spite of 
hostility from some Conserva- 
tive backbenchers. 

Mr Channon said in that 
although he welcomed foreign 
investment, “there are a few 
companies in this country 
where I think that there is a 
very. 'very strong desire that 
they should remain British”, 
and Austin Rover and Land 
Rover fell within that catego- 

Mr Channon told the Com- 
mons last Thursday that the 
BL board had decided to turn 
down the four remaining of- 
fers for Land Rover, and that 
BL's new management would 
prepare the company for pri- 
vatization. through sale or 

29 workers seized 
at Bahrain site 

Manama. Bahrain (AFP. 
Reuter) — Twenty-nine work- 
ers, including two Britons, at a 
construction site on the dis- 
puted . Fasht al-Dibal islet 
between Bahrain and Qatar 
were seized in a a helicopter 
attack, apparently by the Qa- 
tar Air Force, diplomatic 
sources in the Gulf said 

The workers. 26 Filipinos 
and Thais, two Britons and 
one Dutchman employed by 
Ihe Dutch company Ballast 
Nedam. were kidnapped at the 
site of a Bahraini coastguard 
station on Saturday and taken 
in the helicopters to Qatar, but 
were not hurt. 

The attack came as Qatar 
declared the area a maritime 
exclusion zone, informed 
sources said. Qatar and Bah- 
rain have both refused to 
comment on the incident. 

Qatar claims the islet and 
another island, Hawar. be- 
longing to Bahrain. 

an» FACHT 
vH • .AL DIBEt 



{To l 
Banraini , 


1 • ■ j * » jf 'v: 'KXiti 

\ 1 


> ! 

V 'kdULF 

15 miles 

The Saudi Defence Minis- 
ter. Prince Sultan bin Abdul 
Aziz al-Saud. arrived in Qatar 
yesterday to try to defuse the 
crisis, diplomat’s said. He then 
flew to Bahrain. 

• LONDON: The Foreign 
Office yesterday confirmed 
that two Britons were among 
the workers. They were un- 
hurt. and the British Embassy' 
in Qatar was trying to contact 
them (Nicholas Ashford 

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Local voting pointer to 
general election as 
Falklands factor fades 

By Colin Hughes, Whitehall Correspondent 

' Local elections next week 
* will see the Falklands factor 
. finally dismissed from British 
. politics and an? likely to be a 
I better test of party popularity 
.than simultaneous parliamen- 
tary by-elections at Ryedale 
and West Derbyshire. 

The Conservatives arc 
heavily on the defensive, 
standing to lose control of 
about fifteen councils. Most 
gains will go to Labour, but 
"the key figure to watch is the 
Alliance poll. 

After Fulham, the Alliance 
is under pressure to prove to 
voters and its own activists 
-that general election gains are 
on the cards. Failure to regis- 
ter a significant poll would 
undermine party morale. 

There are good signs for the 
Alliance. Liberal organization 
for local elections is good, and 
the party tends to poll rather 
better than at national 

Several Labour councils run 
by more extreme left wingers 
have brought discredit on 
some of its local party organi- 
zations. most conspicuously 
in Liverpool and Lambeth, 
south London, where council- 
lors face surcharge and dis- 
qualification from office, even 
if they are re-elected. That 
factor is also likely to benefit 
Social Democrat candidates. 

About 5.300 seats are being 
contested in 207 councils. 

The .Alliance bolds 1.100 of 

them, and has set itself the 
ambitious taigel of gaining 
600 to 700 more. Its strongest 
chances are in London bor- 
oughs: five million voters are 
eligible to turn out in more 
than 90 parliamentary 

Most vulnerable is Tower 
Hamlets, now Labour-con- 
trolled but viewed as a "rotten 
borough” by the SDP. which 
may take advantage of inter- 
nal Labour strife and organi- 
zational difficulties to steal 

Labour needs to prove itself 
the one and only contender for 
alternative power at the next 
general election. 

The minimum to achieve 
that would be a score of more 
than 37 per cent of the vote -on 
May 8, taking control of at 
least 15 councils which are 
noweithcr hung or in Conser- 
vative control. 

Their greatest advantage is 
that the last time these seats 
were fought, in 1982, the 
Belgian o was recently sunk 
and and HMS Sheffield had 
just been bit by an Exocet The 
Prime Ministers Falklands 
factor was riding toward its 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher has. 
this month, paid out her 
Falklands cheque to the 
American President over Lib- 
ya. inclining opinion poll 
penalties which the opposition 

is hoping will pay out in its 

That means it must at the 
very least win councils which 
were either traditionally La- 
bour, or. on a two-party split 
usually marginal. 

If Labour fail to gain Brent 
Wandsworth, Hammersmith 
and Fulham, and Ealing in 
London, or Bury, BrisloL 
Brighton. Bradford, and Lo- 
thian outside London, then its 
chances of attaining a major- 
ity at the next general election 
will look slim indeed. 

Conservative campaign 
managers are dearly reckon- 
ing on damage limitation, 
knowing that mid-term elec- 
tions need to be favourable to 
Labour to cause serious heart- 
searching at Central Office. 

Conservatives, still affected 
in Scotland by rates revalua- 
tion, may also lose control in 
Grampian and Tayside. 

The Inner London Educa- 
tion Authority, where 56 seats 
are being contested in the 12 
affected boroughs, is almost 
certain to become a Labour 

Of the ten metropolitan 
districts up for full re-election 
(Birmingham, Dudley, Gates- 
head, Kirk ices, Manchester, 
North and South Tyneside, 
Salford, Sunderland and 
Wakefield), only Dudley is 
likely to change control to 

Boost for 
North and 

if i' : 

Miss Sharon Haye (left) and Granville Williams, potential police recruits, (jutting with Police Constables Nigel Isaac 

(centre) and Dilip Anrio, of the Humes Valley force 

Young blacks on the beat for anight 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

By-election hopes 
rise for Alliance 

By Philip Webster, Political Reporter 

Early canvassing by the 
Liberals has shown lhal the 
West Derbyshire and Ryedale 
by-elections are winnable, ac- 
cording to the party's new 
general secretary. 

Mr Andy Ellis urged Alli- 
ance MPs to do their bit at a 
private meeting at Westmin- 
sier last Wednesday. 

Mr Ellis, a formidable and 
feared organizer, who has 
received much of the credit for 
some of the Alliance's most 
unexpected by-election tri- 
umphs. is listened to. and does 
not make rash claims. 

He is commuting almost 
daily between the Alliance 
headquarters at Malton. 
North Yorkshire, and Mat- 
lock. Derbyshire, bullying 
supporters into ever greater 

But the Government’s deci- 
sion to call the elections on 
May 8. the same day as the 
local elections, has stretched 
Alliance resources. Many 
volunteers who would nor- 
mally be working in the by- 
elections are contesting 
council seats and fighting their 
own campaigns. 

The activity demanded by 

• Mr Ellis indicates the impor- 
tance the Alliance attaches to 
the by-elections, particulary 
after the Fulham disappoint- 

• Failure would almost cer- 
tainly damage the Alliance 

■more than would a poor result 
lharm the Government. If at a 

time of government unpopu- 
larity because of the Libyan 
raid the Alliance was unable to 
get at least a good second place 
in both by-elections gloom 
would descend. 

As the campaign enters its 
last full week, there is a certain 
buoyancy in the' .Alliance 
camps, particularly in Rye- 

The Libyan factor is un- 
doubtedly the key non-local 
issue, but the parties are 
deeply uncertain about its 
likely effect on the outcome. 
Random surveys suggest 
many Conservative voters 
were’ deeply opposed to the 
Government's role. 

The Tory candidates, Mr 
Patrick McLoughlin, aged 28, 
aformer miner, ■'who is fighting 
West Derbyshire, and Mr Neil 
Balfour, a merchant banker 
and former Euro-MP, who is 
contesting Ryedale, are offer- 
ing full backing for Mrs 

If Mr Bill Moore, the La- 
bour candidate in West Der- 
byshire, is right, the Tories are 
correct to take a hard line. He 
believes that at times of crisis 
political support tends to po- 
larize. Alliance opponents of 
the raid will switch their vote 
to Labour. But that would 
almost certainly make the 
Conservatives safe. 

1983: MM Dnttytfifcv: M Parra (Cl 
29.696: V Bingham < Alliance) 14,370: 
J. March ilabi 9.060. C M3> 16.325. 
RPMWbi J Spence (O 33.512; Mrs E 
Shields (Alliance] 17.170: P Bloom 
(Lab) 5-816- C Mat 16.142. 

Guns Bred 
at IRA 

With bine lights flashing as they 
dashed about their business, Thames 
Valley police were potting themselves 
under scrutiny on Saturday night by a 
group of young black people interested 
in joining the force. 

Police officers and potential reermts 
had raced to a discotheque after a 
report of titrable, had driven handcuffed 
ding suspects to hospital and had seen a 
football fan have his fingerprints taken 
at Reading police station. 

A drunk was shooting incoherently as 
the young black people paused in a cell 
to see what it was like. 

It had been a busy 1 day — ideal to 
show the nature of police work to young 
black people considering whether to 
take the plunge. 

Third Division Reading were playing 
Derby County in a top-of- the- table 
(football dash and Pc Nigel Isaac, aged 
27, a Mack officer with only 18 months 
of service, had helped to keep visiting 

fans at bay with just three colleagues. 

He had left school at 15, and had 
scraped into the force at 5ft Bin talL 
Although he has no academic qualifica- 
tions he has a medal ribbon for Army 
service in Northern Ireland and is 
considered bright. 

Though most of the young blacks said 
that theft friends supported than in 
their interest in joining the police, it was 
harder for some. 

“My best friend stopped speaking to 
me,” said Granville Williams, aged 17. 
Granville is a volunteer cadet 

Miss Dawn little, aged 21, said that 
her boyfriend, who is black, was 
shocked when she told him of her 

Miss Sharon Haye, aged 19, was in a 
car called to a domestic dispnte and to a 
school- There was a radio message, she 
said, reporting that an intruder was 
smashing glass. A window was open but 

there was no smashed glass. “It didn't 
look as if anyeee.was mere, she said.” 

Miss Colleen Young, aged 16. said 
after her night with a crew: “I am going 
to join the cadets.? 

By the end of the night Pc Isaac had 
been on duty for 13 horns, partly to help 
show the yotmg blacks the ropes. His toe 
caps were no longer shixung-brightJy tat 
his eyes were. 

• West Midlands pofice have begvara 
“street to street” campaign to target 
potential recruits from the black and 
Asian population (Craig Seten writes). 

The recruitment drive has started ftt 
an Asian area of West Bromwich and 
win move to Handswortft, Birmingham, 
in September* 

Census returns are being, used 
identify areas and streets mffc # 
concentration of Asian and Mack 

Parish, community and 
town councillors called yester- 
day for an end to foe divide 
between foe. South-east : of 
England and foe W® Ot Brit- 

- By a huge majority, the 80 q£ 
delegates at the conference of 
ibe National Association of 
Local Councils at Llandudno 
decided to call for restrictions 
on commercial development 
so the South-east, and greater 
encouragement and direction 
of development in the Mid- 
lands and North, with help for 
the inner cities. 

. Delegates from villages in 

the Chiltcms and South-east 
said their areas were in danger 
of being engulfed by the 
pressure Tor development 

“No government can afford 
to ignore the consequences of 
whal is ha ppening ". Mr Tony <# 
Hayward of the Essex Associa- 
tion of Local - Councils said. 
'‘Aflgovenunents shook! take 
nve steps to reverse the 

of industry and people 
one end of th 

froroone end of the country 10 
the other, canting problems at 
both ends.” 

. It was time to tarn the tide 

Major John Skipwith of 
Kirkb)' Lonsdale in Cumbria, 
said the Channel Tunnel 
might bring benefits to Essex 
and Kent but it would not help 
his' own unemployment-hit 


in the right age group, 16 to 3Q^n 
readiness for a recruiting campagn. 

By Richard Ford 

Masked men fired three 
volleys of shots yesterday over 
the coffin of a Provisional 
IRA killer and Maze escaper 
who died after a brief gun 
battle with undercover sol- 
diers near the border with the 
Irish Republic. 

The masked men joined the 
funeral cortege after it crossed 
into the Irish Republic and the 
shots were fired near the home 
of Seamus McElwaine in Co 
Monaghan. The crowd was so 
large that the Gardai could not 
get within 300 yards of the 

The soldiers had surprised 
McElwaine. aged 25, one of| 
the Provisionals’ leading | 
“volunteers”, and a colleague 
as they prepared an 8001b 
bomb, intended for the securi- 
ty forces, in a field in Co 
Fermanagh early on Saturday. 

McElwaine had been under I 
surveillance for some time! 
because, since he escaped with 
38 other prisoners from the 
Maze jail in 1 983, he had been 
suspected of leading a Provi- 1 
sionai active service uniL 
Undercover soldiers were) 
hiding in a field near Roslea, j 
only a mile from the border, 
when McElwaine and Kevin, 
Lynch were spotted. 

In a brief burst of gunfire | 
McElwaine, from Scotstown, 
Co Monaghan, was killed and 
Lynch injured in the stomach. ' 

Early-release call 
to help prisons 

By Oar Home Affairs Correspondent 

The release of short-term 
non-violent prisoners within 
the last six months of their 
sentence is part of a 10-point 
programme proposed today 
by the Parliamentary All- 
Party Penal Affaire Group to 
reduce the prison population. 

There should be tighter 
restrictions on courts’ powers 
to pass prison sentences and 
increased resources for 
choices other than prison, the 
group says in a report. The 
Rising Prison Population. 

The prison population of 
England and Wales on April 
1 1 was 46.687, which was 800 
more than at this time last 
year and over 2,000 more than 
two years ago. 

More than a third of those 
m custody spend most of 
every 24 hours in an over- 
crowded cell, without access 
to decent sanitation. The 
group says: “These conditions 
are intolerable in a civilized 

The Government's big pris- 
on building programme will 
provide no relief if simply 
filled with increasing numbers 
of additional prisoners. 

The proportion of adult 
males convicted of indictable 
offences who were imprisoned 


rose from 15 per cent in 1974 
to 20 per cent in 1984. Yet 
fewer than one in five have 
committed crimes involving 
violence, sex, robbery 

Apart from executive re- 
lease, the group wants: 

• Statutory guidelines for cus- 
tody to be improved and 
extended to adults; 

• A supervised release 
scheme for short-term 

• Fewer remand prisoners; 

• Less imprisonment of fine 

• An end to the freeze on 
Home Office grant aid 

• A crash programme of new 
attendance centres; 

• Reform of central govern- 
ment funding to deal with 
problem drug users and 

• More encouragement for 
development of reparation 
schemes nationwide; 

• Suitable offenders to attend 
day detention centres on 

The Rising Prison Population 
(Parliamentary All-Party Penal 
Affairs Group, c/o 1 69 Oapham 
Road, London SW9 OPU; 7 
incJ p&p). 


the cost 


idyhousesandcaresfor nearly 

MHAaknsadyhousesandcaresfor nearly 1400 elderly 

people in residential Homesard Sheltered Housing schemes in the U.K. 
Now the planned building pr^ramme calls for a costly and sustained 
effort toachievethe target of more than 2000p!aces by theearty 1990s. 

Every pound you give now will mea n some elderly person being 
raredforallthesooner - Willyou help? 

Please give now and also remember us in your wilL 
Some £2 miiscm « needed every year to provide 
new MHA Sheltered 
Housmgas weU as extra 

places in our residential j 
i Homes- that's 
£1 every 15 seconds. 




I enclose mjr donation of 

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j&iwnii HKJS8, 25GtjrFM, ImjonEOYlDR. fteg Charity fo-ZlBSM 

Query for Hurd on Libyans 

By Colin Hughes 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, will this 
week face opposition ques- 
tioning over allegations that 
two ofthe 22 Libyans expelled 
from Britain last week were 
known to be connected with 
terrorist activities. 

Labour MPs want to know 
why Mr Fawzi El Giemazi and 
Mr Muhammad A1 Aswad 
were allowed into Britain in 
the first place. 

Mr El Giaroazi, a language 
student, was expelled from the 
United States in 1983 for 
suspected connections with 
terrorists, and Mr At Aswad 
from Italy the year before 
because he was linked with a 
Rome murder. 

A Home Office spokesman 
said: “Such people are under 
close scrutiny and their activi- 
ties followed. Until last week 
the Home Secretary had not 
been involved. Security mat- 
ters affecting particular indi- 
viduals are not something we 
would ever discuss. 

“However, as regards the 
group of 22 Libyans, the 
Home Secretary decided. 

when the facts were reported terrorism, “levying war 
to him, that their presence was against the Queen in her own 
no longer desirable in this realm, is by definition 
country.” treason.” Under the Treason 

The questions come after Act 1814 the penalty for 
reports m Bild am Sonntag, treason remains death* 

the West German popular 
newspaper, that groups led by 
Abu Nidal are planning at- 
tacks in Britain and West 

Bild. a pro-Zionist newspa- 
per, reports Israeli intelligence 
sources as saying that Nezar 
Hindawi and Ahmed Hasi. the 
two brothers held by police in 
London and West Berlin, 
received their orders from the 

• Mrs Margaret Thatcher 
said yesterday that terrorists 
should face the threat of the 
death penalty, but she said it 
was up to Sir Thomas 
Hetherington, the Director of 
Public Prosecutions, as to 
whether they were charged 
with the capital offence of 
treason (Our Political Corre- 
spondent writes). 

Lord Hailsham of Si Mary- 
lebone. the Lord Chancellor, 
said on Friday that concerted 

Anglo-French action, page 5 

• The Government is con- 
sidering the cancellation of 
longstanding contracts for the 
supply of defence support 
equipment to Libya (Our De- 
fence Correspondent writes). 

The position appears to be 
confused. Yesterday the De- 
partment of Trade and Indus- 
try said: “We have no reason 
to believe any contracts will be 

The Ministry of Defence 
said sales of "offensive” de- 
fence equipment were stopped 
after the shooting of WPC 
Yvonne Fletcher in 1984, but 
the United Kingdom had 
continued with its contractual 
obligations for non-letbal 

However, 10 Downing 
Street refused to rule out the 
possibility of contracts being 

Inquiry opens into 
suspect voting 

By Robin Yotmg 

An inquiry has begun into 
suspected ballot-rigging with- 
in the Civil and Pubfic Ser- 
vices Association, the biggest 
union of civil servants. 

Mr Alistair Graham, the 
general secretary, has ex- 
iressed incredulity at voting 

igures returned by some De- 
partment of Health s 

received a national circular 

urging acceptance. 

The ballot is still m 
progress, bat Mr Graham has 
already written to the 15 
brandies expressing concern 
at the way the vote was 
conducted, and asking for an 
explanation. He- said '’that 'if 
there was any question of 
malpractice the peff would be 
rerun. ‘ 

and Social 
Security branches' believed to 
be controlled by the Militant 

In a ballot on whether Civil 
Servants should accept an 
extra £15 a week for co- 
operating with new technol- 
ogy, about fifteen branches 
voted with near or total Society m July.. A Livi 
unanimity for rejection. Mem- Militant candidate, Mr 
bers have complained that Macreacfie, is standing against 
their votes were returned to the present deputy general 
headquarters before they had secretary; Mr John ED is. 

- Tbe umon is dneto holda 
second poll shortly to deter- 
mine Mr Graham’s successor 
when, he leavesto.iakeiipthe 
directorship of the Industrial 

for rail 
line likely 

The people of Appleby, 
Cumbria, are making plans to 
ring their church bells ' in 
celebration as they did 120 
years ago. 

Is 1866 the celebratory 
pealmarked the passage of toe 
parliamentary Act approving 
toe building of toe 72-mile 
high-speed line from Settle to 
Carlisle which put toe former 
county town of Westmorland 
on toe Midlands Railway's 
direct London-Scotomd route. 

The next great peak toe 
town hopes, will toast toe 
ministerial decision to firm! 
them from toe threat off toe 
British Rail axe . which has 
hong over the line for nearly 
three years. 

_ Tomorrow sees the conclu- 
sion of the longest, and per- 
haps the most bizarre, railway 
closure bearing so far. 

When toe Transport Users 
Consultative Committee for 
north-east England finishes 
hearing evidence in Leeds, it 
and its north-western counter- 
part will have sat for more 
than 100 hours in 16 days at 
five venues and heard evidence 
from about 400 of toe 22^265 
people who lodged objections 
to the closure plan. 

Dr John Whitelegg, chair- 
man of the action committee, 
believes a reprieve for the line 
could be announced next year 
as a general election sweetener 
to voters in rural constituen- 
cies throughout the country. 

for printer 

t pni 

appear in court after an inci- 
dent on Saturday night in- 
volving a lony delivering 
newspapers from News 
International's printing plant 
at Wapping, east London, 
Scotland Yard said yesterday. 

David Payne, aged 42, of 
Walworth, south-east Lon- 
don, will appear before 
Thames Magistrates on May 8 
charged with unlawful wound- 
ing and possessing an offen- 
sive weapon. 

About 1,80Q people demon- 
strated outside the Wapping 
plant on Saturday night 
against the dismissal off 5,500 
priming workers. The police 
said there were 28- arrests for 
threatening behavior and be- 
ing drunk and disorderly. - 

Enemy shrub 
in Snowdonia 

-The Welsh Office has joined 

fbrceS wiih the Forestry Com- 
tature Conser- 

mission, . the Nature 
vancy Council, the National 
Trust and other bodies to curb 
toe smead of rhododendrons, 
in. toe Snowdonia National 
Park. . 

The shrub is. poisonous to 
sheep and makes foe soil so 
toxic that nothing else will 
grow. LxpertsJear die ecologi- 
cal balance of Snowdonia may 
be at ride 


Army adopts 
drag tests 


Drag testing machines, 
whfob have helped the US 
Navy sharpfy to reduce drug 
abtse among Servicemen, 
have been adopted by British 
Anny Investigators. 

The mine analysis ma- 
chines can test for traces of up. 
to: -Iff* substances and can 
detect thepresence of drugs up 
to two weeks after 

Tulip upset 

The tulip time flower pa- 
rade at Spalding, Lincolnshire, 
next Saturday, wiD have to use ^ 
daffodils instead because the 
severe winter and cold spring- 
have delayed crops. 

Violinist wins 

Alan Brind, aged 17, from 
Norwich, won BBC 
Television’s Young Musician' 
of the Year title last night He 
played the Sibelius Violin' 

Home for bat 


! 1 

A .rare .bat, known as. 
Daubenton’s Bat or the water 
bat, has been given special 
entry points at Drift Reservoir, 
near Penzance. Cornwall, by 
staff of the South West Water: 


8 «S£ - 


Canada _S2.75: Ganarte* Ph ja£. 

. 78 : Yugoslavia Dm «oa 

Secrets of the jewels 

‘Model’ village faces bleak future without mill 

By John Young 

The future of one of 
Britain's largest industrial vil- 
lages has been clouded by the 
closure of the huge mill that 
forms its centrepiece. 

Saltaire, on toe outskirts of 
Bradford, in West Yorkshire, 
was built by the industrialist 
and philanthropist, Sir Thus 
Salt, in toe middle of toe last 
century. It was seen as a model 
of enlightened paternalism in 
an area where bousing condi- 
tions were notoriously bad 
even by toe standards of toe 

“Every improvement that 
modern art and science have 
brought to light have to be put 
in requisition in the erection of 

the model town of Saltaire *% 
the Illustrated London News 
reported in 1853. 



and adult 

“Healthy dwellings and gar- 
dens in wide streets and 
capacious squares — ample 
ground for recreation, a large 
dining hall and kitchens — 
baths and wash-houses, 
schools, a mechanics' institu- 
tion, a church; these are some 
of the characteristics of toe 
future town of Saltaire.” 

At its peak, the mill em- 
ployed nearly 4,000 people. Its 
dimensions ware vast, with a 
frontage measuring S45 feet 

will became a derelict eyesore 
in the middle of a conservation 
area fat which all the original 
buildings are listed as of 
historic interest. 

Nearly a century later. Sir 
James Richards, former archi- 
tectural correspondent of The 
Tunes described it as “the 
incarnation of the three Vic- 
torian ideals of cleanliness. 

Sir Titus made bis fortune 
mid reputation by his mastery 

or the processing of the wool of 

toe alpaca, a native of Pern, 
and it was estimated that toe 
total length of doth produced 
in one year would stretch from 
Saltaire to Peru. 

The conservation group 
Save Britain’s Heritage held a 
seminar on Friday to dismiss 
the null's future. 

But the final shifts were 
worked last February ami 
there are fears that the mill 

It is considered for too 
important historically to be 
demolished, as so many West 
Yorkshire mills have been. It 
has been suggested that it 
should boose Bradford's in- 
dustrial museum, with possi- 
ble financial help from foe 
EEC Regional Fund. 

Continued from page 1 

Duke and Dncbess, has al- 
ways denied that any jewels 
were given to Edward VHI by 

any member of the Royal 
Family, said oa Friday that all 
foe jewels were height by the 
Doke and that there was 
evidence of this fact. 

Sources in Paris say that foe 
Dnke and Duchess of Wrodsor 
had prepared themselves for 
any daim on the Duchess' 
enormous reflection of jewels 
and that Maitre Blum has fo 

from Para jewellers _ 
back: more than 40 years. 

The pubticafom of such 
intimate financial details 
would .constitute, a retrospec- 
tive royal scandal since large 
amounts were spent by Ed- 
ward ym as Prince jQf Wales 
on jewels for Wallis Simpson 
in foe threadbare 1934s. 

The idea that foe Royal , 
Famfty ought make a daim oa * 
toe Duchess* estate Is remote • 
tat not unprecedented. * 


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Doctors, face scrutiny 


private care costs rise 

By Nicholas Timm ins, Sodotl Services Correspondent 

Doctors are to fece tougher to use high-cost treatments for lently out of line 

which a higher fee can be 

■a- \ 


{" v'; I 


sc rutiny of whether they are 
referring private patients for 
□nuecessarfly expensive or 
lengthy treatment as the costs 
.of private medical care contin- 
ue to s oar. 

* Subscriptions for at least 
some private health inninmq e 
plans win rise again in July. 

The two largest insurers, the 
British United Provident As- 
sociation ^and Private Patients 
Kan, estimate that increases 
in doctors’ fees, private hospi- 
tal charges, more claims and 
increasing use of high technol- 
ogy are pushing up the cost of 
private care at between 15 and 
1 8 per cent a year. =• 

Mr Bob Graham, chief exec- 
utive of Bupa, said at the 
weekend that doctors must 
‘refer, private patients for the 
most economical' effective 
treatment, and “not just the 
latest and most expensive”. 

While respecting the special 
nature of the doctor-patient 
relationship and the difficult 
decisions that sometimes 
meant for the doctor, he said, . 
greater awareness of cost im- 
plications was called for. 

Bupa and PPP are building 
databases of individual 
doctor's referral patterns so 
that actifn can be taken if 
doctors are found consistently ' 

charged when a simpler proce- 
dure would do, or ii they refer 
patients to unnecessarily ex- 
pensive private hospitals. 

Mr Graham said; “The new 
data is already beginning to 
mate specialists think twice 
before embarking on a partic- 
ular course of treatment and 
in a particular hospital.” 

Last month, Mr Roy. 
Forman, chief executive of 
PPP, issued a warning against 
the “if you are insured, screw 
the insurer for all you can get 
out ofhim** mentality. He said 
the PPP was “adopting a more- 
questioning stance on what is 
a reasonable charge and 
whether a treatment was nec- 
essarily incurred”. 

A spokesman for Bupa said 
surgeons were using expensive 
laser treatments for some 
surgical procedures, for exam- 
ple, when studies su^ested 
old-fashioned surgery was 
both cheaper and more 

Doctors were ordering ex- 
pensive investigations in cases 
where others did not feel they 
were needed and there had 
been a rapid growth in the use 
of intensive- care beds in 
private hospitals. 

“When a doctor is coosis- 

out of line with the 
types or expense of treatment 
he is providing or uses costly 
high technology procedures 
significantly more frequently 
than his colleagues, we would 
contact him and put the facts 
to him for an explanation,” 
the Bupa spokesman said. 

“Where a company on re- 
newing its policy found claims 
were high because a particular 
doctor was overcharging we 
would advise them of that and 
they might well tell their 
employees to steer clear of 
him to keep the premiums 

“With the vast majority of 
donors there is no problem. 
But there are always 

Mr David Cavers, PPP 
commercial manager, said it 
was building a database on 
individual doctor’s treatment 
and referral patterns. It would 
soon allow PPP to cross-check 
“which specialists can be 
shown to overcharge consis- 
tently or which hospitals and 
Specialists somehow persis- 
tently have a longer period of 
stay in hospital for a given 
procedure than others”. 

Bupa and PPP last raised 
their subscriptions in January 
by an average of about 10 per 

Call for nurses to prescribe 

Doctors must relinquish 
their monopoly of the pre- 
scription pad and allow nurses 
to use their skills if si gnificant 
improvements were to be 
made in primary health care, 
Mr Trevor Clay, general secre- 
tary of the Royal College of 
Nursing, said yesterday. * 

Mr Gay said improvements 
depended more on the imple- 
mentation of the community 
nursing review published last 

week than with “superficial The primary care discussion 
tinkering” with family doctors document emphasized areas 
terms and conditions out- which need ed improving such 
lined in the Government's as vaccination, early detection 
discussion document on pri- of high blood pressure and 
mary health care, published at cervical screening, 
the same time. But Mr Clay said the 

Mr Clay, speaking on the Government's paper failed to 
eve of the RCN's annual realize thai these services were 
congress in Blackpool, said the provided, if at all, by nursing 

Government's response to the 
community nutsing review 
had been only “lukewarm”. 

staff, “freeing doctors to con- 
centrate on activates where 
medical skills are essential.” 

Arson inquiry at 
Hampton Court 

By Colin Hughes, Whitehall Correspondent 

Scotland Yard's fraud 
squad is investigating the 
theory that arsonists started 
the Hampton Court fire in an 
attempt to cover trades in a 
corruption inquiry. 

' The Governments Proper- 
ty. Services Agency Afofinned 
yesterday 4hat tbeYgnTs. pub- 
lic sector corruption unit had. 
Tor some time” before the 
Ere, been investigating alleged 
fraud among Civil Servants 
handling contracts for repair 
and renovation of the pates. 

At first it was assumed that 
the fire had started accidental- 
ly in the "grace and favour” 
apartment of Lady Gale, wid- 
ow of General Sir Richard 
Gale, who was in the habit of 
falling asleep with a candle 
burning in her room. 

It is now suspected that 
arsonists may have started the 
fire-in the Cartoon Gallery is 
the Christopher Wren south 
wiqg which lies directly below 
her room, and was severely 
damaged, to destroy evidence 

connected with work being 
done by contractors on the 

A government inquiry into 
the palace's fire precautions, 
headed by Sir John Gariick, a 
mired Department of Envi- 
ronment permanent secretary, : 
has found that a smoke detec- 
tor in Lady Gale’s room 
appears to have foiled and that 
the fire was discovered only 
when an intruder alarm went 

The Department of the 
Environment, however, 
would say yesterday only that 
inquiries were continuing and 
that it could not comment in 
detail until Sir John’s report is 

Police officers are also in- 
vestigating the suspected sui- 
cide of Mr Geoige lodge, a fire 
patrolman at the palace, 
whose body was found float- 
ing in the River Thames three 
days after the fire on Easter 

said for 

The rector who was duped 
into persuading wealthy 
Christians to give more than 
£200,000 to the Satanist Derry 
Mainwaring Knight, joined 
100- parishioners yesterday in 
a prayer for turn. 

Knight was jailed on Friday - 
for seven years by Maidstone 
Crown Court for deception. 1 

•The congregation knelt In 
the Rev John Baker's 900- 
y earmold church of St Mary at 
Newick, East Sussex, as Dea- 
coness Joy Gray said: 

“We pray for Derry Knigbt 
as be begins his term of 
imprisonment. We pray the 
grace of God will triumph.” 

Mr Baker said after the 
service that he does not expect 
to be called before a church 

There has been speculation 
that he could foce dismissal, 
but first six pensioners must 
lodge, a formal complaint A 
church warden, Mr Randle 
Mainwaring. said; “We are 
absolutely behind the rector”. 

Nature fears for Dungeness 

By Hugh Clayton 
Environment Correspondent 

Dungeness, a bleak Kent 
promontory with unique colo- 
nies of bumble bees and 
moths, is emerging as the next 
big battleground between con- 
servationists and developers. 

Scientists at the Nature 
Conservancy Council believe 
that the millions of scarce 
creatures, including unusual 
ants and spiders that swarm 
over the bleak shingle ridges 
make Dungeness a "conserva- 

tion site of unique national 

Dr Keith Daft, head of 
geography at the council, said 
“The council is coming to the 
conclusion that there is no 
more room for compromise.” 

Its scientists fear that the 
character of the promontory is 
threatened by proposals to 
extend the Dungeness power 
station complex and to build 
the Channel Tunnel near by. 

Two varieties of moth with 
pale wings that blend with the 
shingle are not found any- 

where else in the world. A 
scarce weevil found at. 
Dungeness cannot be investi- 
gated fully because it lives in 
the roots of a protected yellow 
poppy which it is illegal to dig 

“The- opportunities for 
more unusual things to be 
discovered are enormous” Dr 
Pat Doody, coastal ecologist 
with the council, said. He said 
that the ridges that give 
Dungeness its character had 
been formed over the past 
5,000 years by tidal pressure. 

Now well over a third of the 
ridges with plants growing on 
them have bon destroyed by 
firing ranges, gravel digging 
and the establishment of a 
nuclear power complex. 

Scientists at the council, the 
Government’s wildlife watch- 
dog, fear that gravel excava- 
tion elsewhere for Channel 
Tunnel development will cre- 
ate pressure to open new pits 
at Dungeness. 

Council scientists say that 
the value of Dungeness to 
naturalists will be threatened 
if the habitat is divided into a 
collection of separate patches 
instead of the present wide 
spread of shingle. 

Contested divorces made easier 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Contested divorces wfll be- 
come cheaper and qnteter to 
obtain under changes in matri- 
monial law which come into 
force today. 

Until now connty coarts 
could bear uncontested suits, 

bat contested ones had to go to 

the High Coart or one of 20 
High Court centres outside 
London where there » a much 
logger waiting Kst and easts 
are higher. ... . 

Frra today, ISO 
county courts will be awe to 
bear defended as vtSL as 

undefended divorces. 

.The changes are lately to 


legal aid bill where disputes 

over finance, custody and ac- 
cess arising from divorce are 
one of the biggest drains on 

They will also mean a step 
towards rationalization of the 
coarts' family busine s s at a 
time when pressure is increas- 
ing fora single family court. 

The changes are in line with 
a . recommendation made by 
the Law Commission in 1981 
which said that the procedures 
of courts handin g matrimo- 
nial eases should be consid- 
ered for reform. 

After public consultation, 
the Lord Chancellor brought 
in the Family and Matrimo- 
nial Proceedings Bill, part of 

which is aimed at reforming 
the distribution of family busi- 
ness between the High and 
connty courts. 

The President of the Family 
Division and the Lord Chan- 
cellor are to issse directions on 
the detailed effect of the 
changes. The policy wfli be 
that, as far as possible, family 
matters are heard by the 
appropriate level of judge. 

The changes will affect the 
whole spectrum of family busi- 
ness. For example, ft wfli now 
be possible to transfer a 
wardship case to a county 
court when the . main issues, 
such as access, have been 

o young roller-skaters speeding off at Battersea Park, London, yesterday. The day. end- 
in a26-mile skating marathon, was organized by Platignnm (Photograph: John Voos). 

Food facts found in rubbish 

Expensive market research 
surveys into what people eat or 
drink are a waste of time and 
money; for more can be 
teamed by sifting through 
thefr dustbins, according to an 
American professor. 

Professor WOlfaun Rathje, 
Professor of Anthropology at 
tiie University of Arizona, 
says that people rarely tell the 
truth about -their eating hab- 
its— especially those of which 
they are ashamed. 

For example, “garbolog- 
ists” in Green Valley, Arizona, 

By John Young 
discovered that residents eat 
20 times more chocolate and 
15 times more pastries than 
they admitted in a consumer 
survey. In another poU, in 
Tucson 85 per cent of those 
questioned said they did not 
drink beer, but three-quarters 
of all dustbins inspected con- 
tained beer cans. 

Professor Ratbje's conclu- 
sions were reported to a con- 
vention of grocery manu- 
facturers in Montreal and 
pa Mis bed in the latest issue of 
The Grocer. 

One of the Professor's most 
bizarre findings was that in 
Marin County, California, the 
county with the highest family 
incomes in the United 
States, people were throwing 
out boxes that had contained 
expensive Scotch whisky but 
not the bottles. He concluded 
that they were buying cheaper 
whisky and potting it into the 
“prestige” bottles. 

• The British trend towards 
healthier eating is condoning 
with more money befog spent 
on food, but less on red meats. 

Plea for 
reform on 
choice of 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Public support for moves to 
reform the system of appoint- 
ing judges lake it out of the 
hands of Civil Servants comes 
today from the vice-chairman 
of the Bar. 

Mr Peter Scott, QC, who is 
expected to be the Bar's next 
chairman, says that there are 
“some disturbing elements in 
the present system which need 
to be looked at.” 

He puts forward the possi- 
bility of a new Judicial Ap- 
pointments Board, with the 
Lord Chancellor or Attorney 
General as chairman, and 
including judges, members of 
the Bar, solicitors and laymen. 

Increasingly barristers are 
questioning the present sys- 
tem, under which power to 
elect judges is concentrated in 
“one pair of hands", those of 
the Lord Chancellor, he says 
in an article in the Bar's 
magazine. Counsel. 

Pressure for change at the 
Bar has been fuelled by its 
recent legal action against the 
Lord Chancellor, which 
brought barristers in front of 
judges “who included those 
appointed by him and those 
whose prospects of promotion 
depended on him.” Mr Scott 

Previous proposals to re- 
form the system made in 1972 
by Justice, the law reform 
group, did not go far enough. 
Mr Scott argues. 

In the same article he 
comments on the Bat's action 
against the Lord Chancellor 
over legal aid fees and says it 
conveyed an unmistakable 
message to those in 

“I believe that they now 
realize that the days when 
their own ignorance could be 
obscured by meaningless am- 
biguities and stalling tactics 
are over for good." 

— S old 

Mr Leslie Reading, who 
runs a hotel in Ilfracombe, 
north Devon, was celebrating 
yesterday his £8,000 wm w 
Saturday's £20,000 Portfolio 

Mrs Vicki Talbot, a 
Mortteke housewife aged 34, 
will spend her £2,000 share on 
paying decorators to complete 
renovations on her home. 

just as pleased with his 
£2,000 share is Mr Hugh 
Humphreys, aged 75, of 
Ink pea, near Newbury. He is 
moving boose and the money 
is very welcome. 

The fourth winner, Mr Da- 
vid Baynes, aged 42, of 
Adliogtoa, Macclesfield, who 
won £8,000, said he played 
Saturday's game only by 
chance. ' 

You will need the new 
Portfolio Gold card to play the 
game. If you have any difficul- 
ty in obtaining one from yonr 
newsagent, send an SAe. to: 
Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

Mr Readingdt8.000 richer 

Give your staff their 
cards, and easier 

access to their money 



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Genetic engineering: 1 

‘Risk profile’ helps in checking 
tendency to inherited illnesses 

A cure for some inherited 
illnesses is in sight, using 
genetic therapy. Within the 
next 12 months doctors are 
expected to attempt a remedy 
■by giving a person a new gene 
to replace a defective one. 

- In tentative steps to move 
from the laboratory to the 
clinic, the treatment will be for 
two or three of the rarest 
inherited diseases. 

Doctors at the Children’s 
Hospital in Boston and the 
Children's Hospital in Los 
Angeles are among the four 
leading American research 
groups expected to ask for 
permission for clinical trials 
later this year. 

The first condition they are 
Hkely to treat makes children 
vulnerable to any and every 
infection. The infants have to 
live in sterile conditions. They 
have no natural immunity 
simply because they fail to 
produce just one of the thou- 
sands of molecules essential to 
the body's biochemistry. It is 
an enzyme called adenosine 

Few genetic disorders can 
be treated effectively. In Brit- 
ain the emphasis of medical 
research is on prevention. 
Medical teams here will wait 
for the results of the American 

In the meantime they con- 
tinue pioneering methods for 
earlier diagnosis of genetic 

Early in the 1980s, Dr 
Martin Cline, at the 
University of California, 
created a new strain of 
mice by inserting foreign 
genes token from another 
strain. Shortly after, a 
gene that regulates the 
production of human 

growth hormone was 
spliced into another breed 
to produce a mutant strain 
10 tunes as big. In the 
first of a three-part series 
Pearce Wright, - Science 
Editor, reports on die way 
those advances are hefyn 
ing doctors and patients. 

Williamson's laboratory at St 
Mary’s Hospital, London, of 
analysing placental tissue, 
called chorionic villi, diag- 
noses can be made at an early 

disorders. Recent advances 
make the outlook of substitut- 
ing a healthy gene for an 
inactive or missing one 
favourable for only a limited 
number of conditions. 

Genetic illness has become 
increasingly important as in- 
fectious diseases have been 
eliminated in the Western 

More than 40 per cent of the 
paediatric beds in hospital are 
for children with some form of 
congenital disorder. 

It was against that back- 
ground that a conference at 
the Royal Postgraduate Medi- 
cal School, in London, was 
aimed at gening information 
about the prospects for quick- 
er diagnosis and treatment out 
of the laboratory and into the 
hands of the non-specialist 

There are more than 2.000 
known illnesses attributed to 
genetic faults. Employing the 
latest tricks of molecular biol- 
ogy, Lhe exact flaw has been 
isolated for about 10 of them. 

But genetic studies are 
showing how to produce a 
“risk profile" for individuals 
of all sorts of things, including 
inherited tendencies to high 
levels of cholesterol and coro- 
naries. In future a woman may 
ask a man for his genetic 
profile before she agrees to 
marry him. 

Ten years ago it was impos- 
sible to study human genes in 
the laboratory. Now. thanks to 
the development of the tech- 
nology known as recombinant 
DNA. it is possible to extract 
single genes from human cells. 

But the question of combat- 
ting inherited illness goes far 
beyond pinpointing which is 
the troublesome one of a 
million or so genes, and there 
are identical sets in all the cells 
of the body with the exception 
of the sperm and egg cells. 

There are trials in the UK. 
with new assays, or gene 
probes, for doing this. When 
they are used with a method 
developed in Professor Bob 

iking at the tissue to see 
whether a particular gene is 
present or missing uses the 
Southern Mot test, developed 
by Dr Ed Southern of Edin- 
burgh University. 

Such tests, costing about 
£400 compared with £5,000 to 
£10,000 a year for treatment 
that only ameliorates but can- 
not cure the condition, may be 
done at eight weeks after 

Individual probes or mark- 
ers have to be devised to lock 
on to a specific gene. One of 
the first was for diagnosing the 
mentally debilitating illness , 
Huntington's Chorea. Pio- 
neered at the Massachusetts 
General Hospital, the tech- 
nique is employed by Dr Peter 
Haiper at the Welsh National 
School of Medicine. 

Professor David 

Weatherall’s team at the John 
Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, 
concentrates on the abnormal 
conditions of the blood known 
as baemoglobinopethies, or 
conditions in which some- 
thing is wrong with the oxy- 
gen-carrying job of the blood. 


be ended 

; By Peter Davenport 
A scheme to regenerate «e 
of the worst condTbo using 
estates in tee cnanfry-iS iro- 
ning out of money to complete 
Its programme. • 

GonooMBt fete* 

asked to provide * farther 
£3 milfioe in extra taring, 
and a knk wad .tnddiag 
society involved » finiadd 
backers «e to be asked to 
delay loan repayments* to' 
enable wk w tbe fotmer 
Cantril-Fam .estate neaxL**- 
erpooUo befinhh«r. - 
Officials of the frastfonoed 

to ma tte' 

ted ^ _ 

usd "cast Estimates ted teto’ 
maerrirate abd too' low. The 
scheme tv3I also . tote two 
years longer to complete tka 
originally planned, 

Mr Vcinen -Jackson, b 
chief executive, said yester- 
day: ”Ovr early same wen 

and tee mam thin* waste ge* 

Tomorrow: Genetic 

A veteran Burma Star bolder preparing to march to the 

Cenotaph for a . wreath-faying ceremony in the annual 
remembrance parade yesterday. The salute was taken is 
Whitehall by the Banna Star Association's patron, . the 
Duke of Edinburgh (Photograph: Barry Beattie). 

where teenage _ 
runs at np> to 80' per cent, was 
renamed a an attempt to 
Improve its image and tee 
groop, launched in 1983<* tte 
imi tat iv e of .-Mr MfcteeJ 

BeseHte; Secretary "rtf State 

for tee Environment .a*, tee 
time, is jkte Vawnn as- .tee, 
StockbridgO Village Trast. 
The.Dep arim eBtof tec Ea-^ 

t jt fflWIF Bt fW mart— 



■ . - • 31* 

By Nicholas Timmins 
Soori Services 
. Gotzespoadeiit 
The British Medical Associ- . 

ation yesterday backedmoves 

to remove hospitals’ Crown 

immunity to protocmfouovcr 

a. broader, area than just# 

catering. . • . 

Tte association said it was 
backing an amendment tabled 
by Mr Jack Ashley, Labour 
MP fijr Stokc oh Tkul, to lhe 
Gov«tim«HVBiiiTw%ich wili 
remove . Crown - inaraunsty 
from hospital catering in the 
wake of Abe salmonella out- 
break at the Stanley. Royd 
hospital in Wakefield in 1984. 
when 19 patfeols died. 

: ; Mr .Ashley’s amend mem 10 
ifceBdJ. .due- to. go into 
committee s t a g e tomorrow, 
would effectively remove 
hospitals' irrunomiy to prose- 
cution, opening them to 30 
tion from . the Health and £ 
Safety Executives -- - 
“The NHS should not eon? 
tinue to place ~ its 875,000 
ees»Or its patients, at 
ritic of infection atid injury"^ 
the association said. "It i* not 
only in the- catering areas of 
bospstah where accidents can 
occur. or epidemics start. 

<A visa to ahnosc any 
| hospital would provide exam- 
ples where toe Act is disre* 
storage of. materials, eolketioa 
ted disposal of rubbish, fire 
hazard and ventilation." 


t < ..Sir :: . . 

• V: , v - ■ S' 

■ ' " "• • - 

" w .‘, *'?■■■■% ~ ^ .JZ -i ' is.?. * i'.A* 


lish the mttm of ameal eaten 
more tiran 2jM6 yam tgo 
tete m i nraM y ip 

tarn of Ite . ptett eeBs to 
estabfisfc tee cereals wsed,aai 
tee employment .it etoefiwi 
mfoe' tte . rtempantete-' mail:' 


- The woritew 

LnteMn (lawawnrigr 

tmfint|scotcRltm job 
ago, but tew. named xftar t&e 
lindow Moss teg * tear 
Wllniriow . where- he ,'w 
found) were presented -tom 
monte at tee Bteraatienri 
Working. Grmtp for 
j-riaq>etoi»otetoHy syrnpo- 
stmn in Cainlnti^^ in -sepa- 
rate papers by Mr iWHqhfen 
and Mr Daa[Roti^s- 
•' “It wte' tibvious 'teat the 
mridfr ooBstitnent of tee last 
meal was cereal, Mr Holden 
sahL to Bran fiagtemts, Meatr- 
finUe hy their characteristic 
eeO patterns, «f barley and 
either wheat dr rye were' 

“High quantities of cereal 
chaffof barley ate two spedes 
off wheat (emmer mid. spelt 
wheats) were also recovered: 
clearly the meal had been 
made of same fi 
cereal flow. . 

. “Based on tee .ste of frag- 
anuts and composition we 
wddd tare to postdate a meal 
in whic h a fi ne grad, a type rf 
bread, or dawf ings played a 
brae part, -r ... 

Tie presenoe of' small 
charcoal fragments drgues for 
a cooking amteod : in which 
a f tfdwit« l burning orincorpo- 
ratiottof duand nmama from 
tWfian meals ccrfd have 
been a regular eccwrace. An 
««a « cooking stone mMit 
produce this kind of resatt.” 

Tbepretenoeof weed teeds; 
l|frTMtenU l tomd flat 
tewwtfflteWlte been: 
nctMteb l ri a nt a mfaOTte in the 
cereal or toe meal itselt 
. Mr Babins reported ttodthe 
nppftq tete often ESR tech- 
tew to lindow Man axost 
ftmte ft ete y tea m yeara 
wgo -font toe- pyrolysis of 
organic Matttbb tenflncea' » 


br vBcb three imp ort an t 
charact Mte t fc y icon., be ;mea-.. 
mat marintomteoperatare 

of previoas heating {MTPHk 
d w a tite off prevites testing 
: (DPBk'teff aationit of-preri-. 

OCS ltedtogTAPH). That data 

cn» he . teed , to nggett - a 
tetteteqateieti within 
2fi .degreep- rewtigtedr, and: 
coofcgtimetowiti;! balfmr 

/tenv '- 

/Gbe* tile tote yMtoffifles- 
wito the Undow material, of ^ 
'tend cooked for one to two 
boors at about 100 degrees,- 
and bread bated for half an 
tear at. about 200 degrees, 
discrimiuatien is possible with 

: “Moreover, we can ffiserimi- 
nate. between. Jeavened and 
unleavened bread, in that the. 
latter would show *. stigbtiy- 
higfcer temperature and. a 
steter.Wir, Mr Robins 
said. “Onr fitefingSL on tee 
separated chaj£ by intensive 
“©ration against .modem 
samples, indicated a tempem- 
inre fa the region of 200 
degrees centigrade." 

He added: “Contort s ml- *- 
lowed ns to eontem wite ESS : 
the presence of' infante frag- ■' 
meats o f charcoaL with aw-- 
MTPH of abdhf 400 degrees: . 
we foterpret tins as support for“ 
an unleavened gritMle-cake'. 
type of bread cooked te a flat 
hot surface where intense tocte 1 - 
beatmg had produced this, 
high temperature/shart-thne - 
carbonization.” ~ . 

s I- 

Itetow man was gartotted 
Md then thrown mto'the bogt 
while te may -have been , the 
■’Kfe of ; a- p:chisteit'ic ■ nmg- ' 
gfog. tee simfiarity oT fan last^ 
»eaL to teat reported for tteT 
GranbaUe bog-body to De»*’" 
mark suggests that some ar- 
cane Iron Age ■ ritual ofj 

sacrifice whs involved. 


Swedes steal the show 

at Bukowski’s auction 

Swedish deafens and collec- 
tws fought oflf foreign compe- 
tition at tedcowski’sbigs^mg 
wcttoto-itf-. Stockholm to 

People out of work for long periods can find it increasingly 
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employers and begin to feel there’ll be no chance of working again. , 
But 'Action for Jobs' shows schemes which can create 
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; A 16-foot French mytholog- 
ical tapesnry, wufc Daphne 
torauig into a laurel tree! 
dating from about 1600 and 
possibly woven from a car- 
toon by Raphad, had tempted 

French dealers north but they 
it went to a 
Swedish dealer, at 570,000 
kronor (estimate lOO^XX) kn>- 
nor), or £5 L, 800. 


Progr jmrrr^ Cy DepJ'^em W EmalOymer.t anri PQP mm 

tiwMinoijwijr Services Commission * va»J| wam# 


Communrty Programme. Enierpnss Allowance Scheme. Restart Programme Jobetute. Jobstart Allowance 
i.-jbSol«'ng&cneme Voluntary Prtietts Programme Job Search (Travel tnkrtervww) Sdreme New WbAera- 
Scheme Community Industry. JobReteaseSdKsne. . 

, ^ been bought in Paris 

bya Swedish coUeoor in the 
eighteenth century and there 
was an unsuccessful attemut 
n y atk fot TefeboS 
C«Ue m the south of Sweden 
where n had huog until recem- 

“Swcdisti craftsmanship was 
^commanding a premium. 

A .sflirer isoup tuiten of 17« 
by.. J °ban JFnedrkh SteUzner.*> 
bejfeved to be the oldest stiver ; 
m‘ Sweden, sold for 1 . * 


^SJOOO- kronor), or £44,500, 
™ a pair of small laie. p,i 
Kgnteenth-cenufry commodes- 
by^nstaf Foltiern of Stock- 
“5fiL' in FreR ch style, with ’ 
"“Jduetry panels of mutietd » 
hadbeen sent for ’ 
London and made" - 


^000 kronorL or£40,00a "■ 
meydes were among the*'-" 

To: Acbon for Jobs, FREEPOST Curzon House, 
20-24 Lonsdale Road, London NW6 1YR 
Please send- me the 'Action for Jobs' booklet 

INcf :iH ui'i. 

I' vji. h-.i-me.* ,i f j 1vr tijc ;l jnMrjile; i.j, 


1L M . Postcode 


Jwmh^ttoTy French tapes- 
g depicting Apollo and 
^ W°nged 

&nuly ’ *>Id for 

aSwedi^pn^teS^.; 10 

“d Ofocrvductesat 

.A rare English ouadraittif 
S*™ °J VMS made-; 

SSS essj$i 

? sraaD wheff:;; 
oenind^ made £3AJQ 
mate£2^)CLf3,oa5 JU(e ^ r ^ 

bm; _ 





1 v - 

United stand likely at Tokyo 

and Chirac 

on terrorism 

- ‘Britain and France' have 
. $ ’agreed on the need for West- 
ern countries to take tougher 
treasures to deal with iifterna- 
4xooa] terrorism. 

. "L, At a “eetiiw between Mrs 
Thatcher and M Jacques 
■Chirac, her French counter- 
part at Chequerson Saturday, 
the two leaders also empha- 
sized the need for Western 
nations to maintain a com- 
mon position on terrorism. 

It was M . Chirac's first 
meeting with- Mrs Thatcher 
since he became Prime 

' The outcoine means that 
■the way is now dear for the 
seven industrialized nations — 
^ Britain, Fiance, the US, "West 
' Germany. Italy, Canada and 
Japan — to issue a strongly 
Worded statement on terror- 
ism at their summit which 
opens in Tokyo next Sunday. 

. . -The French had been op- 
posed to a new declaration on 
terrorism at Tokyo, believing 
that the summit should con- 
centrate on economic iss ues 
However, they dedded to 
withdraw their objectionsfol- 
towiag recent terrorist out- 
rages in Europe and the US 
reprisal raid against Libya. 

It is- unclear, however. 

Whether the Tokyo dedara- 
-iton will refer to" Libya by 
paine as a sponsor of interna- 
tional terrorism. The Ameri- 

cans want to, so do the British; 

. Japanese, who are 

large importers of Libyan oil, 
are opposed. - ■ 

The Reagan Administration 
has drawn up a five-point plan 
of ‘ action which ' is being 
supported by Mrs Thatcher. 

It calls for improved extra- 
ction procedures between 
.summit countries, stricter visa 
requirements for citizens of 
states that support terrorism, a 
global blacklist of diplomats 
and others with known links 
to terrorist organizations, a 
ban on. arms sales to countries 
that back terrorist organiza- 
tions and closer co-operation 
between national security au- 

In Tokyo President Reagan 
will make' the point that, 
unless there is agreement on 
tough new anti-terrorist mea- 
sures, the'US might find itself 
having to carry out further 
Libyan-style reprisal raids — 
something the other partici- 
pants are anxious to prevent 

He wfi] also emphasize the 
need for Western countries to 
maintain a united front and 

. avoid a „ repetition of the 
damaging public row that 
followed the punitive strike 
against Libya. 

At their Chequers meeting. 
Mrs Thatcher and - M Chirac 
agreed to disagree on the 
American bombing of Libya. 
“I think she understood that 
we donol have the samepoint 
of view and took a different 
position from the British," M 
Chirac said, “but that doesn’t 
make any problems between 
Britain and France." 

M Chirac dearly anxious to 
dispel charges that France was 
“soft on terrorists”, spent 
some time telling Mrs Thatch- 
er about tite measures bis 
Government was talking ag- 
ainst Libya: These include 
restricting the movement of 
staff from Libyan People’s 
Bureaux in France tightening 
up on visa applications by 
Libyans, and reducing the 
number of French diplomats 
in Tripoli. 

During their three-hour 
meeting the two Prime Minis- 
ters also talked about Europe- 
an issues, • especially the 
growing trade war between the 
US and the European Com- 
munity, South Africa, and the 
Channel tunneL 

i v 

Secrets of a suspect’s wife 




•\ i,, 

‘ WT '-JUS. 
■•■'O *1 

— ■ i? , 

T- i- -!f JT, 


• . i— .» 

- - - «.« !«| : 

3 -' 
i * 

It has not exactly been a 
marriage of coBvemence fear 
Mrs Bashars HfndawL 
Her hosband is being held 
in London, accused of trying to 
plant a suitcase of expfoswes 
on an El A1 airliner at 
Heathrow. Her brother-in-law 
is suspected of having Mown 
Hptbe La BeUe discotheque in 
West Berlin.. 

. Mrs Hindawi, aged 30, a 
slender, Urd-Uke woman from 
eastern Poland, probably 
knows more about these ex- 
traordinary Jordanian broth- 
ers than anybody else. But so 
far, the Polish authorities say, 
there - has been no British 
request to interview her. 

So she stays free, a farmer's 
daughter at home in a sprawl- 
ing apple orchard m Radzyn 
PodlaskL ... . 

Free but . evidently -under 
observation. Ten mamtes into 
oar convereatiaw aseoet po- 
liceman JupapeA up-Byedirt 
track . to the orchard aj*d led 
her away — “Would you come 

From Roger Bayes, Warsaw 

with me Mrs Barbara" — a ■ curious, but also protectively 
yonagman, open-necked Afrt.. private abort her husband’s 
blonde moustache, polite as if- activities- - 
asking her lo dance. . They had a Christ max wvd- 

That was last Friday after- ' ding in 1980 in London after 

noon and her . family wore 
unconcerned, assuming cor- 
rectly that she would be 
released soon afterwards: it 
was simply a question of 
Mocking aB contacts between 
her and Western journalists. 

In the few inmat e s before 
the appearance of the police- 
man, she identified, her hns- 
band from a copy of TU Times. 
*Yes that’s Mm,” she said, 
"that’s Nezar." A small smile 
appeared on her pinched face. 
She lived, she said, m a mist of 
ignorance abort the-ortside 
worM, toe terror networks, the 
Libyan bombings, the smdde 
sqnads. ^t-wsas-quhe a shock, 
ItVstSB a shock." ‘‘ 

DM -the :■ Western visitor 
have a pktme of die Irish ghi 
who was supposed to carry tbe 
bond) on to ftie £FA1 plane oa 
April 17? She ms Ixmsfrr 

having met at a • lan guage 
schooL They have a daughter, 
Natasha, aged five. To her 
village, stroqgly Soman Cath- 
olic, the marriage was add — 
more than odd, otho^wmidiy. 

Nezar appeared at unpre- 
dictable intervals and intro- 
duced himself as a journalist. 

Nezar ’s brother was also in 
Poland, though nobody in the 
village seemed to know wheth- 
er it was the man connected 
with the discotheque bombing. 
"He had a lot of brothers/’ 
said one of Mrs Hindawfs 

A few months before the El 
A1 mridenf Nezar was in 
Poland; he was expected again 
soon. “After aft, he’s my 
husband, officially," said Mrs 
Hindawi laying stress on toe. 
last word. 

Libya raid planes were 
switched from Spain 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid . 

Six of the US air tankers non Walters. President 
Reagan's special envoy, had 

t- ‘V J 

~ 1 which took part in the April 1 5 
raids on Libya had been 
transferred to BRITAIN From 
their Spanish base only three 
days before. El Pais, .the 
Madrid newspaper, said yes- 

It said it based its report on 
a Spanish air force inquiry. 

The transfer was intended 
by the Americans to take 
Spain out of the air raid 
controversy, the newspaper 
quoted defence sources as 

Before the air strikes, the 
Madrid Government repeat- 
edly made clear its refusal to 
lei the .Americans use its base 
lad lilies in Spain. 

The reported transfer came 
one- day before General Ver- 

■,.* 7 * 

. ■? 

an interview, kept secret at the 
time, with Sehof Felipe Goh- 
zdiez. the Spanish Prime- Min- 
ister, who criticised the sur 
strikes publicly. 

Five KC10 aircraft from the 
Saragossa base flew on April 
1 1 to Fairford and one KC135 
to MUdenhalL the newspaper 
said. They joined British- 
based tanker aircraft in crucial 
refuelling in the air operation. 
France and Spain had refused 
the Fill strike force permis- 
sion to fly over their territory. 

Spain’s Defence Minister. 
Senor N arris Sena, has told 
Parliament that no American 
air tankers based in Spain had 
been involved is refuelling 

Mark Thatcher to stay 

_ am _ a * _ T OVu4 till 

New York - The owners of 
the Dallas block of flats who 
wanted to evict Mr Mark 
Thatcher because they fear that 
terrorists might attack them 
building have been shamed 
into letting him- stay another 
month, until his lease expires 
(Trevor Fishlock writes). 

Soon after the 

bombing ef Libya, and his 
motoef ^support for the action 
became clear* the block’s man- 
agement told Mr Thatcher to 
move by last Friday. •• 

For many Texans, in a state 
which prides, nself cm its macho 
image, the attempt to get rid of 
Mr Thatcher, whoworks for a 
British car company, sart acute 
American .embarrassment 

Rome cuts 

' From Peter Nichols 

. The Libyan diplomatic mis- 
sion here has been instructed 
to reduce its staff by 10. and 
those that remain will be 
limited in their activities. 

At the moment the Libyan 
representation consists of 40 
people in- Rome and another 
seven in consulates in Paler- 
mo and Milan. 

In future the Libyan diplo- 
mats will have to stay within 
the limit of the local province 
in which they work unless they 
are granted a special permit to 
go beyond- the provincial 

Fiurificino Airport, which 
has been the scene of many 
terrorist attacks, is considered 
to be within the Rome 

Controls on diplomatic cou- 
riers from Libya and from 
other countries involved m 
terrorism will be reinforced. 
These other countries are 
understood to be Syria, Iran, 
the two Yemens and possibly 

Entry for Libyan citizens, 
whether diplomats or not,. will 
be scrutinized more closely. 

Smites set the tone at the weekend meeting at Chequers between M Jacques Chirac, the new 
French Prime Minister, and Mrs Thatcher. 

Police ask 
for help 
on Lyons 

From Susan MacDonald 

The Chief Commissioner of 
the Lyons police, M Alain 
Jezequel. has appealed to the 
public for information about 
the bombing of the American 
Express office and the killing 
of Mr Kenneth Marston. Brit- 
ish managing director of the 
Lyons-based American com- 
pany Blade and Decker. 

A violent explosion, fol- 
lowed by a fire, destroyed the 
American Express office in the 
Part-Dieu district of Lyons 
early on Saturday. One person 
was slightly injured by flying 

On the garage wall in the 
basement of the building, 
which also houses the offices 
of the multinational company 
Control Data, was scrawled 
the message “Black and Deck- 
er. Control Data. American 
Express — US go home". 

• Despite two. telephone calls 
to news agencies by a person 
with a Middle Eastern French 
accent, referring to Mr Mar- 
ston’s killing and the Ameri- 
can Express bombing in the 
name of the Arab Revolution- 
ary Front, Lyons police are 
unwilling to fink them 

It had been thought that die 
shooting of Mr Marston, out- 
side his front door as he left 
for work early Friday room- 
ing, could have been either a 
terrorist act or have some 
connection with recent bur- 
glaries at Black and Decker in 

US recalls its 
key Sudan 
embassy staff 

Khartoum — The United 
States Embassy here will this 
week evacuate 30 officials who 
are described as “essential 
personnel", indicating con- 
tinuing fears for the security of 
Americans in the Sudanese 
capita] (Gill Lusk writes). 

Earlier this month, an em- 
bassy communications officer, 
was shot dead here in the wake 
of the US raid on Libya. A 
total of 265 “non-essential 
staff" — dependants and pri- 
vate citizens — have already 
been airlifted oul 

It is understood that this 
latest move reflects US con- 
cern that the Sudanese Gov- 
ernment has done little to 
increase the safety of Ameri- 
can, British and other Western 

• * 

. . i < 3 
r * ’ 

’■ * 
Pi ; 


Treasurehouse of 
tsars to reopen 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

The Kremlin Amwarj; toe 
oldest Russian museum hous- 
ing a priceless and exotic 
collection of jewels and regalia 
from the time of the tsars, is to 
re-open to the public this week 
after being closed for three 
years for structural repairs. 

A museum spokesman said 
yesterday the nine hafis of the 
armoury — which contain 
weapons, armour and jewels 
dating from the I2tiT century 
up until the 1917 Bolshevik 
Revolution — will re-open on 
Friday, toe day after toe 
traditional May-Day parade in 

Red Square. 

When ft re-opens, toe muse- 
um which was tafft last cento- 
ry as part of toe great Kremlin 
Palace, will show for toe first 
tinte a rare I7tb century 
cotiection of sftver. 

The mascara b regarded as 
one' of toe most fesdnrtroc ra 
the -world. It includes a I6to 
ccntey Engfish camagrsaid 
to haw been pr» w 

Boris Godunov by Queen Eliz- 
abeth I and a flat goblet made 

in 1557 and presented to Ivan 
the Terrible by toe Elfish 
merchant, Anthony Jenkins. 

In addition to the spectacu- 
lar gifts presented to the 
Russian Court through the 
ages it contains historical 
curiosities such as the throne 
used in the first years of the 
twin reign of Peter the Great 
and his elder brother Ivan, 
when their sister, Sophia, was 
regent. The two seats in front 
were used by toe brothers and 
the hidden one by Sophia, wbo 
prompted the boys with an- 
swers to questions from 
ambassadors. ... 

The 4,000-ftem collection, 
iff a raise npteown, had a 
chequered history before it 
was finally boused b its 
present building m MM- At 
the time of Iran the Terrible, 
when Mqscojr was threatened 
bv Tartar hordes, it was 
evacuated to the city of Novgo- 
rod on 450 sledges- to 1812 it 
was again removed when the 
city was raider siege- from 

Napoteom ' 

Tussle over body 
of Transkei chief 

From Ray Kennedy, Johannesburg 

A bitter legal battle is being 
fought in South Africa's 
-independent" homeland of 
Transkei over the snatching of 
a chiefs body. 

Relatives of Paramount 
Chief Sabata Dalindyebo, of 
|- the Tembu clan, want bis 
body exhumed and returned 
to Zambia “for a decern 

The chief known as the 
“Comrade King”, was an 
African National Congress 
leader and cousin of Mr 
Nelson Mandela. He died on 
April 7 in Zambia, where he 
bad lived m self-exile. _ 
Transkei officials said they 
would -allow him to be buried' 
at his birthplace near Umiaia, 
the Transkei capital But after 
the body arrived they an- 
nounced severe restrictions on 
the funeral . . „ 

Angry relatives, including 
Mrs Winnie Mandela, ob- 
tained a Transfcei Supreme 
Coun order that the body 
should remain in a funeral 
parlour. But Chief Kaiser 
Maianzima, the former Trans- 

kei President and a rival of the 
“Comrade King” before his 
exile, arrived at the funeral 
parlour and took it away. 

The chiefs coffin was load- 
ed into a pick-up truck and a 
few hours later was buried in 
the presence of homeland 
officials and about 300 Trans- 
kei soldiers and police. 

Chief Sabata’s relatives, in- 
cluding Mrs Mandela, stayed 
away and met lawyers to 
discuss legal redress. But in a 
further complication the Su- 
preme Court ordered them to 
show why their application to 
exhume the body should not 
be withdrawn because of fraud 
and misrepresentation. 

The bearing has been post- 
poned until May 15. The 
Sabata family lawyers say that, 
attempts to secure the services 
of nearly even, senior counsel 
in Souih Africa have been 

In any event, they point out, 
under Transkei Jaw any appli- 
cation for exhumation has to 
be submitted to, and approved 
by. the Interior Minister. 

Athens out of step 
on EEC sanctions 

From Mario Modiaao, Athens 

Greece's European partners, 
-as well as the United States. 
Jare disturbed and puzzled by 
the Greek Government's re- 
luctance to abide by the 
Community's decision to im- 
pose sanctions against Libya. 

The strength of the Ameri- 
can feeling was conveyed last 
week to Mr Andreas Pap- 
andreou, the Socialist Prime 
Minister. It was combined 
with concern that this attitude 
might hurt Greek efforts to 
improve relations with the 
United Slates or to secure 
Western support to overcome 
its serious economic and secu- 
rity problems. 

Now the European Com- 
munity has decided to repri- 
mand the Greeks about their 

The Dutch presidency, and 
also individual members, are 

known to be planning to 
question the Greek Govern- 
ment this week about its 
refusal to implement the re- 
stricted EEC measures on 
Lib> an diplomats, although it 
unreservedly endorsed last 
Monday's unanimous deci- 
sion b> the Community to 
th3i effect. 

The Greek Government 
stated that it would not im- 
pose such sanctions until 
“tangible evidence" of Libyan 
involvement in specific terror- 
ist acts was produced. 

The American displeasure 
was made known personally 
to Mr Papandreou by Mr 
Robert Kecley. the United 
Slates Ambassador, on Fri- 
day. and also 24 hours earlier 
by the State Department to the 
Greek Ambassador in Wash- 

US may 

From Michael Binyon 

A former IRA man wanted 
in Britain for his alleged role 
in the 1974 bombing of a 
Yorkshire barracks could be 
deported from the United 
States to Northern Ireland, 
after a Federal Appeals Coun 
ruling in San Francisco that he 
is not eligible for political 
asylum in the US. 

Mr Peter McMullen, who 
desened from the British 
Army in 1972 and has been 
living in the San Francisco 
Bay area since 1979, was 
arrested by the IIS authorities, 
but freed on bond after a 
magistrate blocked his extra- 
dition to Britain. 

But on Friday, 3 lhree-man 
panel of the San Francisco 
coun cleared the way for his 

The panel's ruling can be 
challenged with an appeal to 
the full court or taken to the 
US Supreme Court. 

According to the court doc- 
ument. Mr McMullen joined 
the Provisional IRA after his 
desertion from the Army. 

The ruling, which will be 
welcomed both by ihc Reagan 
Administration 3nd Britain, 
comes after President Reagan 
appealed personally to the 
Senate to pass a revised 
extradition treaty with Brit- 
ain. making it easier to extra- 
dite members of the IRA. 

There are currently two 
other IRA members whose 
extradition Britain is seeking, 
one in New York and one in 

Protests mar 
Madrid burial 

Madrid — Coins were 
thrown at senior Spanish 
army and police officers at- 
tending the weekend funeral 
offive Civil Guards killed in a 
car bomb explosion believed 
to be the work of Eta. the 
Basque separatist organiza- 
tion (Richard Wigg writes). 

A crowd of 500 look the 
opportunity to insult Senor 
Jose Barrionuevo. the Spanish 
Interior Minister, by singing 
the fascist hymn and giving 
the fascist salute. 

British woman shot by kidnapper 

Islamabad — Pakistani po- 
lice have arrested a man who 
allegedly tried to abduct an 
English woman after shooting 
and injuring her at a Peshawar 
hotel on Saturday (Hasan 
Akhtar writes). 

The woman is identified in 
a statement issued by the Save 
the Children Fund as Miss Jill 

Scoones. aged 25. a primary 
health care adviser with the 
Peshawar office of the Fund. 

The statement said that a 
man bad tried to abduct her 
from the swimming pool of 
the Pearl Hotel. She had been 
shot three times. 

The police said that she was 
hit in the leg and hand and 

that the hotel security guard 
foiled the attempted abduc- 
tion after the gunman's car 
crashed into a gate-post. The 
man was arrested at his village 
outside Peshawar and is being 

The Save the Children Fund 
said (hat Miss Scoones had 
never seen her attacker before. 

of ranch 

Kerrv’ille. Texas (UPI) - A 
case alleging torture, slavery 
and death at a, Texas ranch 
will come lo trial this week 
when four people face charges 
of kidnapping and murder. 
Walter Wesley Ellebracht. 
55. his 33-year-old son 

.Walter, and his daughter-in- 
law Joyce, aged 31. along with 
Carlton Robert Caldwell, aged 
21 . are charged over the death 
of Anthony Bates, a drifter 
from Huntsville. Alabama, 
allegedly tortured to death 
with a cattle prod and cremat- 
ed on the ranch. 

When police visited the 
ranch to investigate a missing 
person report, they found six 
drifters who claimed they had 
been lured there with the 
promise of a hot meal and 
work, then enslaved, tortured 
and chained in a barn at night 
to prevent their escape. Tapes 
on which the torture can 
allegedly be heard were seized. 

British sisters 
killed in Spain 

Madrid — Spanish police 
are treating as accidental the 
death of two Hastings sisters 
knocked down by a car at 
Marbelia on the Costa del Sol 
(Richard Wigg writes). 

Sandra and Karen Frostick, 
aged 20 and 17. both died 
instantly. Police said the girls 
had not ’seen the car because of 
heavy rain and had apparently 
not expected it to come front 
the opposite side of the road to 
that in Britain. 

French A-test 

Wellington (Reuter) — The 
French exploded their first 
nuclear device this year at the 
Mururoa atoll. New Zealand 
scientists said. 

Heroes’ hour 

Singapore (Reuter) — Three 
Irishmen, a Briton and a 
Singaporean, who burrowed 
through the ruins of a col- 
lapsed hotel to save 1 7 people, 
received awards for bravery 
here from President Wee Kim 

Hotel killing 

Manila (API - A man 
identified as a murder suspect 
was shot dead by soldiers in 
the lobby of Manila's Holiday 
Inn as terrified guests scam- 
pered for cover. Nobody else 
was injured. 

Braun diary 

Munich (Reuter) — The 
1944 diary of Eva Braun. 
Hiller's lover and his wife for 
a day. was sold at auction in 
Munich for about £4.500. 



:s ■■ 


; .f- . 


japan Air Lines now brings Tokyo even 
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The flights leave Heathrow at 19 JO every 
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What pole? What plank? 

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The suspension adjusts itself 
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Because the suspension is 
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. .... ...... 

negotiations with ANC 

Moves to bring the South 
African Government and the 
African National Congress to 
the negotiating table are be- 
wjlieved to have been given 
impetus this weekend in Swa- 
ziland during celebrations 

In a speech on Thursday Mr 
Botha gave a dear indication 
that the Government now 
recognizes that the ANC hier- 
archy is not entirely Marxist. 

“• think it is opportune and 
the duty of nationalist mem- 

- w . ' — vi uauuuoiiai mtur- 

marking the i enthronement of- bers in ibe ANC la sever their 
Prince MakhoseUve, aged 18, relations with the Marxists," 

as King Mswati ill. 

President Botha of South 
Africa was seen in conversa- 

besaid. They were welcome to 
return to South- Africa imme- 
diately to take part in constilu- 

■ . " — . . ” ui ^uun tunsuiu- 

Uon with Presidents Mach el of tionai evolutionary processes. 
Mozambique^ Masire of Bo- as long as they renounced 

tswana and Kaunda of Zam- 
bia. Their talks have been 
described as “brutally frank" 
Later Mr Botha and Mr 
Kaunda had a further meeting 
in -a private hotel suite. 

Its thought that the discus- 
sions centred on propo sals 
that South Africa and the 
WANC accept the Common- 
wealth .Eminent Persons -Gr- 
oup as an honest broker to 
initiate negotiations by proxy. 

Before he flew to Swaziland, 
Mr Botha gave some cryptic 
hints; of a shift in the 
Government’s attitude on dia- 
logue, although publidy this 
remains that it will not consid- 
er or sanction any approach 
until the ANC renounces and 
halts violence. 

Oslo row 
over polar 
bear ranch 

From Tony Samstag 

An unprecedented applica- 
tion has been filed with the 
Norwegian Ministry of Envi- 
ronment for permission to 
establish a polar bear ranch on 
a small Arctic island. 

Mr Arvid Oevergaard, a 
local policeman, and Mr Inar 
Hanssen. a machinist, want to 
bring five female animals and 
one male from their native 
Spitsbergen, where they are 
strictly protected, to Bjarkoy. 
pan of the Western. Islands 

v The “ranch” would extend 
"well out to sea. duplicating as 
} far as possiMe the polar heats' 
natural habitat. The animals 
I would be bied for their skins, 
which fetch £500 to £2,000 at 
auction iaCopenhagen. 

Specialists af the University 
of T romse s- Institute of Acetic 
Biology confirmed ihatpofar 
bears do breed TScptigity; 
but consider that the’ costs, of 
setting up and running the 
commercial operation would 
be prohibitive. 

The controversial proposal 
would require exemption 
[ from a formidable number of 
I regulations. - 

The Syssebnon, or Norwe- 
gian governor of Spitsbergen 
under the 1920 Treaty of 
^Svalbard, would even have to 
rule on the question of fencing 
the animals in. which is 
forbidden for animal welfare. 
Opposition -from' conserva- 
tionists would be fierce. 

The argumentlhat commer- 
cial breeding of the animals 
would be good conservation 
may prove crucial to the 

US vote 
opens way 
to free 
trade talks 

From John Best 

Canada is getting ready to 
enter into a complex and 
politically sensitive set of free- 
trade negotiations with the 
United States. The chances of 
success are probably no better 
than about 50-50. 

The way was cleared last 
week when the US Senate 
finance committee approved 
President Reagan’s request for 
authority to launch the 

Bui the closeness of the vote 

- in fact a 10-10 tie. but that 
was enough to stave off defeat 

— demonstrated that ma ny U S 
legislators have strong reser- 
vations about liberalized bilat- 
eral trade. 

In Ottawa Mr Brian 
Mulroney. the Prime Minis- 
ter. said he was delighted with 
the verdict. But he acknowl- 
edged that events in Washing- 
ton were proof of the immense 
challenge posed by the negoti- 
ations. which are expected to 
last up to two scare. 

In the wake of the Senate 
committee vote, Canadian op- 
ponents of free trade inside 
and outside rhe House of 
Commons expressed concern 
o'er promises Mr Reagan 
may have made to .win over 
wavering Senators. H e is 
known to have twisted arms 
furiously in the days before 
the vote to stave off defeat. 

Whatever promises were 
made. Mr Mulroney ba^made 
clear that they are not binding 
on Canada. The coming negp- 
!:anons are without precondi- 
tions. he said repeatedly- - 
Cansda-US trade i» already 
targer than that between any 
other two countries. Last year ; 
it was worth well over. - 
5Can 1 60 billion- with Canada 
enjoying, an SIS billion ■, 


There was also a need for 
blacks to be given political 
rights so that the leaders who 
might take part in negotia- 
tions could be identified. Mr 
Botha said. 

Earlier he had told the 
Indian House of Delegates in 
Parliament that -discussions 
between the Government and 
the Eminent Persons Group 
had reached “a delicate stage, 
and it would not be in the 
interest of South Africa to 
make further comment at this 

Mr Malcofcm Fraser, the 
former Australian Prime Min- 
ister, who led the group's 
mission to South Africa in 
February, also remarked in 

encouraging sia^". 

It is believed that South 
Africa is insisting that the 
group give an undertaking 
that, if negotiations com- 
menced, there would not. be 
retributive Western action 
against South Africa if it is still 
forced to counter violence 
inspired by the ANC. 

The group is demanding the 
release of Mr Nelson Mandela 
— although Mr Botha has 
again stated he will not be 
freed unconditionally — and 
that the ANC should be 
recognized as a legitimate 
political organization. 

At least three people died in 
continued township violence 
during the weekend. 

The body of a man. killed by 
a shot from a South African 
Army issue rifle, was found in 
Alexandra township, near 

A community councillor 
was knifed to death near 
Worcester, in the western 
Cape province, and a third 
black was shot dead near 
Cradock in the eastern Cape. 

Leading article, page 13 

EEC tackles cost 
of farming deal 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

Finance ministers of the 
European Community meet 
in Luxembourg today to deal 
with the consequences of a 
hard-fought compromise over 
form prices, which benefits 
Europe’s formers but has 
worsened the EEC budget 

Herr Gerhard Siohenberg, 
the West German Finance 
Minister, will be under pres- 
sure to help resolve the crisis 
by agreeing to a supplemen- 
tary budget. 

. The EEC form price agree- 
ment reached on Friday after 
talks lasting five days will 
require a supplementary bud- 
get-of nearly £1 billion. Com- 
mission officials said. But 
Herr. StoIfcnbeig. a firm pro- 
ponent of budgetary disci- 
pline; appears to be deter- 
mined to resist moves toraise 
extra cash through increased. 
VAT contributions.' ' 

West Gennam; officials ^aid 
here at the weekend that the_ 
present ceflingof T t 4 per cent 
on national YAT contribu- 
tions to HC coffers must not 
be breached before the end of 
the year at the very eaiiiesL 

Bonn’s hard line over the 
budget is due to political, as 
well as economic reasons. 
Hen- Stoltenbeig is seen as a 
likely successor to Chancellor 
Kohl, whose Government 
feces critical local elections 
shortly in Lower Saxony and a 
general election at the begin- 
ning of next year. 

At last week's marathon 
form talks Herr Ignaz Kiechle. 
the West German Agriculture 
Minister, demanded form 
price increases but. like other 

ministers, had to settle for a 
price freeze. In theory, the 
finance ministers can block 
the form package, but are 
unlikely to do so. 

The new form package in- 
cludes cuts in milk quotas, a 
cereals production package for 
“co-responsibility levy" and 
continued beef and sheep 

Underlying the package is 
devaluation of “green" cur- 
rencies, including the “green” 
pound, following the realign- 
ment of the European Mone- 
tary System (EMS) earlier this 

EEC officials say the only 
alternative to a supplementary 
budget to meet the resulting 
cost is a cut in regional and 
social funds, already slashed. 

. Farm spending now- ac- 
counts for more than three- 
quarters of the total EEC 
budget. Further cuts in region- 
al -and social spending are 
unacceptable to Spain and 
Portugal and to the European 
Parliament, which at the end 
of last year precipitated the 
1986 budget crisis by voting 
for non-farm spending for in 
excess of the budget approved 
by the Council of Ministers. 

The extra spending is need- 
ed to meet the cost of enlarge- 
ment and inherited regional 
and social commitments. 

The finance ministers today 
meet a European Parliament 
delegation to- seek common 
ground. Mr Nigel Lawson, 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
is likely to face pressure for 
Britain to join the EMS. 

MPs meet 
only to 

From Gill Lusk 

Sudan's first democratically 
elected Parliament for 17 
years, sworn in on Saturday, 
immediately took as its first. 
Doammous decision to accept 
the resignation of the Gov- 

But the nearly 260 deputies 
also agreed that the Govern- 
ment should stay in office until 
party leaders have agreed os a 
new coatition Cabinet 

The Transitional Military 
Council and. its Chilian Coun- 
cil of Ministers, which have 
ruled since the overthrow of 
President Nimeiry a year ago, 
will stay in place until May 6. 

The new assembly had been 
expected at least to choose a 
Speaker, as well as a bead for 
the five-man Council of Sover- 
eignty which wifi act as head 
of state. 

Negotiations went on to the 
very fast minute. As thousands 
of euphoric demonstrators 
chanted “Democracy" outside 
the Parliament building, polit- 
ical leaders could be seen still 
holding intense discussions in 
the lobby. 

Guests and journalists 
milled around them as the 
talking continued, and the 
heads of (be entire diplomatic 
community waited three boms 
, for Genera! Abdel Rahman 
Swar d-Dahah, chairman of 
(be Military Council, to arrive 
, for the handover of power. 

After a private swearing-in, 
the assembly met only to 
adjourn. In a farewell speech, 
the outgoing Prime Minister. 
Dr el-Ghazonli Daffalteh, em- 
! p hasized that Sudan disproved 
, the general belief that there 
was no democracy in the Third 

The sight of a military 
leader voluntarily giving up 
power provoked some power- 
ful emotions. 

As the Palace Guard pre- 
sented arms to General Swar 
d-Dahab, the sound of the 
national anthem was drowned 
by the cheers from the crowd, 

R oom for manoeuvre on three sensitive issues 

Tamils find merit in peace 
offering from Colombo 

From Michael Hamlyn . 


Although the kflfings on 
both sides continue, signs of a 
renewed peace offensive are 
building up in the Sri Lankan 
ethnic conflict. . 

The Foreign Minister, Mr 
A.CS. Hameed, who was in 
Delhi last week for the meet- 
ing of the son-aligned move- 
ment brought with him a 
document outlining Colombo's 
latest position on greater au- 
tonomy for the Northern and 
Eastern provinces. 

Though details have not 
been released, the document 
has been received with some 
appreciation. Even foe Gener- 
al Secretary of foe Tamil 
United Liberation Front, Mr 
Appapiliai Anurt hali a gam . 
said it “opens foe door for an 
advance on the earlier propos- 
als formulated by foe Govern- 
ment last August". 

The document shows some 
flexibility over at least three 
sensitive topics: land settle- 
ment, few and order, and 
representation in services. 

. It is stifl dear that President 
jayewardene is unwilling to 
concede any organizational 
linkage between foe two prov- 
inces. There was a time when 
Delhi let it he known that it 
supported him, but that time 
has passed:, the Indians now . 
fed that they' got nothing in 
return for (his concession and 
have withdrawn it. 

. The Indian side suggests 
that it should be possible for 
any two provinces at least to 
have joint legislation on com- 
mon problems, much as any 
tiro Indian states might have. 

Three representatives of the 
front came to Delhi to hear 
what Colombo had to offer and 
to give their reactions. 

Mr Amnthutingam declared 
that they would also bring to 

Chancellor Kohl of West Germany sightseeing in Agra at 
the weekend before going on to the Tokyo economic summit. 

India's attention the continued Indian officials are due in 
killing of Tamils m northern Colombo tomorrow for further 
and eastern Sri Lanka. talks with the Government. 

One official whom (be three Aside from more discussions 
met was Mr Romesh Bhan- on devolution of powers, he is 
dari, the former Foreign Sec- likely to be keen to talk about 
retary who retired from the a further ceasefire between the 
Ciril Service to enter politics armed forces and foe Tamil 
as head of a Congress (I) rebels, 
international affairs commit- After two rounds of talks 
tee but is in reality a special with Indian officials, Mr 
envoy of Mr Rajiv Gandhi, foe Anurthalingam ruled out di- 
Indian Prime Minister. rect talks with Colombo. He 

He had earlier spent some describes foe latest devolution 
time with Mr Hameed, first proposals as very vague, 
with Mr Gandhi, then tete-a- The government document 
tete at the residence of the Sri has been criticized for being 
t aafcan High Commissioner, somewhat vague on details. 
There were reported to have and Mr Bhandari will no 
been detailed discussions on doubt be keen to pin down foe 
foe scope of Mr Hameed's officials as for as possible, 
document, but they did not go According to a Sri Lankan 
for towards narrowing the gap official m Delhi recently, the 
between what the Tamils want document permits “no inde- 
and what Colombo is prepared pendenre, no linkage, hot ev- 
to offer. erything else is for nego- 

Mr Bhandari and a team of tfetion". 

Riot police and students ■ dashing in 
Cbeougju, central South Korea, yesterday after 
tear gas was fired to disperse more than 5.000 
demonstrators supporting electoral reform . 

More than 5,000 students at foe rally, 
organized by the New Korea Democratic Party, 

threw stones and petrol bombs to try to break 
through riot police lines: 20 were arrested. A 
h»fip g dissident, Mr Kim Yong Sam, had 
called oa President Chon Doo Hwan to allow 
democratic elections or risk being deposed like 
ex-President Marcos of the Philippines. 

American cuts force UN to 
meet on financial crisis 

From Zoriana Pysarhvsky, New York 

The United Nations is in 
dire financial straits. The Gen- 
eral Assembly convenes today 
! in special session called by 
I Senor Javier Perez de Cuellar. 

1 the Secretary-General, in or- 
der to drive home the magni- 
tude of the crisis to a largely 
oblivious and carefree mem- 
bership. At stake may well be 
the survival of the organ- 

The immediate concern is 
i reducing foe S96 million (£64 
million) shortfall out of a 
budget of $800 million by foe 
: end of this year. Unless steps 
; are taken soon, foe UN will 
run out of cash and will be 
unable to pay its 7,000 Secre- 
tarial employees. 

The long-term goal is to 
bring about a stria sense of 
fiscal responsibility that will 
make foe UN less open to 
criticism and less vulnerable 
to cutbacks from its contribu- 
tors which are more often than 
not politically motivated. 

The UN is in the middle of a 
financial and political struggle 
with foe United States, its 
main contributor. 

The outcome will inevitably 
reshape their relationship and 
determine whether Washing- 
ton and other principal donors 

warning to 

From Christopher Walker 

A new and severe warning 
to Western correspondents 
based in Moscow, whose re- 
porting displeases the Krem- 
lin, has been delivered by an 
official paper here. 

It came in a savage personal 
attack on foe reputation of an 
American reporter known for 
close contacts with human 
rights activists. 

The Saturday edition of 
Sovietskuya Rossiya, the Co- 
mmunist Party daily of the 
Russian Federation, accused 
Mr Donald Kimelman, who 
has been based in Moscow 
since 1983 for foe Philadeb 
phia Inquirer, of “anti-social 
conduct" and of writing “anti- 
Soviet fabrications". 

The paper dismissed allega- 
tions about the stria restric- 
tions imposed on Western 
journalists reporting from the 
Soviet Union. 

It warned: “It appears foal 
foe time has come to talk 
about foe limits of hospitality 
for those who come to our 
country with hardly concealed 
hatred and enmity and who 
smear our ways of life, while 
ignoring our laws and norms 
of condua accepted in this 

The attack on Mr Kimel- 
man's reporting, including his 
coverage of the plight of 
Soviet Jews (he is himself 
Jewish), was one of foe most 
personal and harshly worded 
of its kind to appear in the 
slate-controlled media since 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov came 
to power in March 1 985. 

Under his predecessors, vil- 
ification of individual Mos- 
cow correspondents was a 
regular occurrence, but there 
had been hopes that his com- 
munications-conscious style 
might stop the practice. 

The attack in Soviaskaya 
Rossfya. a paper which has 
been in foe vanguard of Mr 
Gorbachov's campaign for 
more open reporting , accused 
Mr Kimelman. on the hasis of 
a contacts list which it alleged 
he had “lost or deliberately 
left" in a public place, of 
making contact “only with 
renegades and criminals". 

The article, later distributed 
by Tass, also claimed he was 
refusing contact with Soviet 
citizens other than those con- 
cerned with the alleged viola- 
tion of human rights. 

Mr Kimelman was to return 
to the US this summer to take 
a senior post as a foreign 
affairs commentator. 

win obtain control of UN 
spending priorities and appro- 
priations . a power now almost 
exclusively m the hands of foe 
Third World. 

Although the UN financial 
crisis has built up over the 
years as a result of partial 
withholding of assessed con- 
tributions from member na- 
tions. the Americans were 
instrumental in forcing it to 
foe forefront. 

This year foe Reagan Ad- 
ministration announced that 
it would cut its contribution 
by $70 million, which repre- 
sents about a third of its $210 
million annual assessment. 

Since the US is responsible 
for 25 per cent of foe UN 
budget, foe unilateral reduc- 
tion has sent shock waves 
throughout its system. 

The slashes in the American 
contributions go beyond the 
requirements of the Gramm- 
Rudman-Hol lings budget con- 
trol law. 

The fact that foe Slate 
Deportment has volunteered 
further cuts in its appropria- 
tion has raised what UN 
officials and diplomats regard 
as dismaying questions about 
the Administration's real in- 

Although this is denied by 
Washington, there is specula- 
tion that the US is slowly 
edging out of the UN door and 
is trying to disable the organi- 
zation in the process. 

Observers point to the irony 
foal the .Americans have de- 
cided to apply the pressure at a 
time when foe UN member- 
ship has become more conser- 
vative and less likely to use it 
as an anti-Western forum. 

But UN officials and West- 
ern diplomats say that one of 
the greatest obstacles in either 
reforming the UN to the 
Reagan Administration's sat- 
isfaaion, or cutting it to the 
level at which it does not 
much matter what it does, is 
the inability of foe Third 
World — which forms the 
majority in the UN - to come 
to grips with foe reality of the 

This has been illustrated by 
a marked lack of any sense of 
urgency by the General As- 
sembly in tackling the prob- 
lem. Interest groups have 
already taken political um- 
brage at foe prospect of manv 
"sacred cow” programmes be- 
ing trimmed. 

From Richard Owen 

Already shaken by divisions 
over the Libyan crisis. Nato 
this week faces a further 
contentious debate oyer the 
manufacture and possible use 
in Europe of new binary 
chemical weapons. 

Ambassadors to Nato meet 
today in Brussels within foe 
framework of the Defence 
Planning Group to reach a 
preliminary decision on de- 
ploying 'binary weapons in 
Europe. Defence Ministers 
will take the final decision in 
Brussels next month. 

A decision lo stockpile new 
chemical weapons could cre- 
ate obstacles in disarmament 
negotiations with the Soviet 
Union 3t a lime when foe 
superpo wer relationship is 
again under strain. 

Nato officials point out that 
foe Russians have huge stocks 
of the weapons, and the West 
must arm itself with nerve 
gases in response. They hope 
that decisions to go ahead with 
contingency plans will not 
arouse public opposition in 
the West comparable to foe 
protests over the deployment 
of cruise and Pershing 2 
missiles in Europe. 

Last year the US Congress 
approved an Administration 
plan for resuming manufac- 
ture of chemical weapons for 
the first time in more than 1 5 
years. But Congress laid down 
that the weapons should re- 
place, rather than supplement, 
existing stocks, which are 
becoming unstable, and that 
European allies must agree. 

This creates political prob- 
lems for The Netherlands, 
which faces a general election 
next month, and for West 
Germany, which has impor- 
tant local eleaions shortly 
afterwards. Neither Govern- 
ment would welcome contro- 
versy on arms issues. 

Binary chemical weapons 
are stored in two halves which 
are harmless apart but form a 
lethal nerve gas when mixed. 
It is believed that under foe 
new arrangements foe weap- 
ons would be stockpiled in 
America and deployed in Eu- 
rope in a crisis, after transat- 
lantic consultations. 

But the controversy over 
the use of British bases for the 
attack on Libya has made 
officials acutely sensitive to 
the problems posed by weap- 
ons that could be used in 
Europe while remaining under 
American control. 

Kohl gives Waldheim his vote 

From Richard Bassett 

The possibility that Dr Kurt 
Waldheim might be prevented 
from entering the United 
States if elected President of 
Austria seems to have had no 
effect on Austrian voters. 

An opinion poll carried out 
by foe independent Austrian 
Company for Marketing re- 
vealed at the weekend that 60 
per cent of voters consider this 
to be irrelevant and that Dr 
Waldheim would make a per- 
fealy “respectable” President 

who would not "tarnish 
Austria's reputation abroad." 

Eighty-five per cent of those 
polled were critical of foe role 
of foe World Jewish Congress 
and believed that the organi- 
zation was “ interfering in 
Austria's internal affairs”. 

Dr Waldheim also received 
support from Chancellor Kohl 
of West Germany, who was in 
Salzburg on Saturday. Herr 
Kohl told Austrian radio that 
he had known Dr Waldheim 
for years and considered him 
to be a "great patriot." 

"I cannot vote in 3n Austri- 
an election but if I could I 
should certainly vote for Dr 
Waldheim.” foe West Ger- 
man Chancellor said. 

• Accuser invited: Dr Wald- 
heim has invited Mr Israel 
Singer. Secretary-General of 
the World Jewish Congress, to 
Austria to disprove allegations 
that he was a war criminal. He 
suggested in an interview with 
the Vienna weekly news maga- 
zine Basra that Mr Singer 
should come after the presi- 
dential eleaion fRemcr re- 

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Opposition assembly delivers 
ultimatum to Chile regime 

From Labe Sagaris 

In a significant departure 
from their law-abiding past, 
leaders of Chile's key social 
organizations, grouped in the 
, opposition Civil Society, held 
, their national assembly “und- 
l aground" here at the week- 
-end, defying a ban by the 
; military authorities. 

More than 270 delegates, 
representing over a million 
i Chileans from all walks of life, 
• listened to speeches by leadere 
! of trade unions, professional 
groups, and women's, stu- 
’ dents' and tony owners' 

The secret assembly ap- 
proved a list of “Chile's 
demands”, calling for an im- 
mediate return to democratic 

government an end to human 
rights violations, the reversal 
of the military Government's 
education policies, and sweep- 
ing changes in current eco- 
nomic policies. It also estab- 
lished a permanent "Ass- 
embly Council”. 

Speaker after speaker gave a 
warning that if the national 
assembly failed, a bloody civQ 
war would engulf the country. 

In the words of Dr Francis- 
co Rivas, one of the speakers: 
"We face a situation that may 
break our people’s very soul 

Mobilization and civil 

disobedience are our weapons 
to defeat tragedy and provide 
our people with a genuine, 
shining alternative.” 

The calling of a national 
assembly by the Gvil Society 

appears to have been an 
ingenious way of getting 
around the apparently insu- 
perable antagonisms between 
Chile's two most important 
opposition groups: the Chris- 
tian Democratic-led Demo- 
cratic Alliance and the Com- 
munist-Socialist Popular De- 
mocratic Movement. 

Political parties are not 
directly represented in the 
assembly. But virtually all the 
leaders of Gvil Society mem- 
ber organizations also belong 
to a political party, and both 
opposition coalitions have 
tacked the assembly. 

The assembly gave the mili- 
tary Government unlit May 
30 to respond to its demands. 

Meanwhile, students* wo- 
men's organizations, universi- 

ty professors and workers 
have called protests which will 
begin this week: 

Senor Hector Moya, presi- 
dent of the Santiago Regional 
Association of Lorry Owners, 
has said that his members are 
considering defaulting on 
debts of more than $200 
million (£131 million) in an 
attempt to put pressure on the 

More than 700,000 home- 
owners will hold a referendum 
this week to decide whether to 
defeuh on debts of $1.5 

This is the first time that 
conservative groups, like the 
road transport operators and 
home owners, have joined 
other groups critical of the 
regime in an action plan. 

•£-x C ; " r .-f: 


•••• r- •*- jjr.J •? 

- 'V-. -• 5* :: >' 

• • 

• -rs. 

US ready for Central 
America policy shift 

Panama City (AFP) - The 
United States is conditionally 
ready to stop backing Contra 
rebels fighting tbe Nicaraguan 
Government, according to Se- 
■or Jovge Abadia, the Pana- 
manian Foreign Minister. 

Seftor Abadia was speaking 
on Saturday after meeting Mr 
Philip Habib, tbe special 
American envoy who is wind- 
ing np a fact-finding to nr. 

He said the US was pre- 
pared to be more flexible in its 

Central America policy. 

The flexibility would in- 
clude immediate cessation of 
support for the Contras after 
signature of the Contadora 
peace and co-operation agree- 

He welcomed the new Amer- 
ican position as a substantive 
and concrete contribution to 
the peace-making efforts of 
the Contadora mediating 
group (Panama, Mexico, Ven- 
ezuela and Colombia). 

Haiti fury after troops 
open fire on crowd 

Port-au-Prince (AP)— Pol it- Earlier on Saturday, soldiers 
ical leaders have condemned fired into a crowd that tried to 
Haiti's ruling council after a force its way into a notorious 
clash between soldiers and prison. 

citizens left at least six people 
dead and 21 others injured. 

The incident began peace- 
fully as a march to honour a 

dead and 21 others injured. tuny as a march to honour a 
"The council has lost the family killed during former 
faith of the people,” Mr President Duvalier's rule. 
Hubert Denonceray, a presi- Three people were killed by 
dential candidate in elections gunshots, according to ofn- 
the council has pledged to rials at University State H os- 
hold, said on Saturday night pitaL and three others ap- 
“The Haitian political crisis parently were electrocuted by 
is deepening.” a fallen power line. 

A building in Mexico City devastated by the earthquake. 


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Leading the way to the USA 

Mexico after the earthquake, 1 

Homeless victims 
surviving on a 
diet of promises 

Troon John Carlin, Mexico Gty 

... i . .•«? * . . . 

m ; vW 

% . . :V \ “ .. tj 

• . t* ‘ 

. ■ ■ ■ *■ 

•. • 

'• tr: > - 

When Presadent de to Mar 
drid of Mexico visited the 
woridiig<toss colony of More- . 
b» tost month in the wounded 
heart of Mexico City, the local 
authorities went into a frenzy 
of activity, painting walls, 
filling botes in the roads and 
knocking on doers warning 
people of “reprisals” against 
anyone contemplating anti- 
government protests. 

The object seemed , to be to 

reassure the President that the 

ed the world ova for the mueb- 
trnmpeted National Recon- 
struction Fund were being pot 
to 'good use, - and that_ the 
promises to rive top priority to 
the needs or the earthquake 
victims were being fidfified. 

About 23^00 Morelos fam- 
ilies were left homeless when 
catastrophe struck on Septem- 
ber 19 tost year. Few seem to 
be impressed by the sudden 
activity, since virtually all of 
them remain without a borne. 

In fact a pressure gronp set 
np by dm victims is talking of 
occupying the Aztec Stadium, 
where the World Cop football 
final will be played in June, to 
embarrass the Government 
into taking action. 

Leaders of the group, which 
for months has been holding 
noisy street demonstrations, 
say they are appalled at the 
energy being spent on prepara- 
tions for the World Cup while 
“no reply is given to the 
demands of the families affect- 
ed by the earthquake". 

“We're still in an emergen- 
cy. Things today are just as 
bad as they were seven months 
ago m the days just after the 
earthquake.” the bead of the 
local Salvation Army outpost, 
Captain Rafammdo Reyes, 

“People - thousands more 
than we can take care of — stfll 
don't have enough to eat 
nowhere to wash, no place of 
their own to sleep.” 

Captain Reyes is viewed as 
something of a saint by 
Adriana, aged 28, a mother of 
three and one of 8300 home- 
less victims the Solvation 
Army provides with a meal 
each day. 

Adriana's house whs flat- 
tened in the earthquake. Most 
of her " neighbovs' houses 
were, too. She has filled in 
endless forms seeking finan- 
cial help from the Govern- 
ment She has been turned out 
of countless city council of- 
fices.. She has taken part in 
demonstrations at the presi- 
dential palace. 

For the jpast seven months 
Adriana lues spent each night 
with her husband and children 
on the floor of a beamy salon 
owned by ah aunt She spends 

the day in a tin-roofed tat on 
the rubble of their home. 

“We'd stay and sleep bere^ - 
but the rats come in and bite *- 
tfre children,” she said. 

The only assistance she ana 

her neighbours say they have 
received Is from CaptM 
Reyes. Number 1 Cor ps of u te 1 
Salvation Army aba provides 
second-hand dothfeg, a modi- . 
cal clinic, psychotherapy, 
training courses for the wen* . 
ployed and even puppet stows 


still without homes or 

Captain Reyes has rec eived 
virtually all his financing from 
overseas — Including Britain— 
butt as money begins to run 
short there is no sign of tfee- 
Govenunent coming to 
rescue. *' 

What government money 
has been spent in Morelos has 
taflt - only very recently - a 
series of supposedly tempo- 
rary dwellings, which many 
fear could become their per- 
manent homes. 

Made of wood, cardboard 
and inflammable plastic, these 
oae-room, one-family huts, 
row after row of them, are 
protected by high wire fences. 
“Concentration camps” are 
what the locate call them. Chi . 
the walls of one, a ty pically 

disgruntled inmate has written 
in big, bold letters, “Peniten- 
tiary for sale”. 

Sedor Francisco Cano, a car \ 
mechanic aged 31, b trying to 
save money to briM a new 
home oat of bricks chiselled 
from the rubble of hb original 

“I've tried and tried, but Tre 
riven np hope now of getting 
anything from the Govern- 
ment. They promise a lot bat 
give yon nothing," he said. 

Sedor Cano>, who now lives 
under a tin roof with his wtfe 
and three remaining children, 
was not at home when ' the 
earthquake strode. He was rat 
for an early morning run, 
preparing for the annual Mex- 
ico Gty marathon. His eldest 
daughter, aged 12, and a son 
aged four were kilted. 

He had promised both of , 
them he would run in the ' 
marathon in December. “Over 
the last kilometre 1 was SO 
doubted up with pain (thought 
I wouldn't make it, bat wheal- 
thought how disappointed my 
two children would have been, 

I made a last effort and got to 
tbe finishing fine,” he said. 

Now-hr is fnfrrinn again, 
steeling himself for this year's - 
race wife the doggedness and-* 
unQluskmed self-sufficiency of 
one of the many thousands in 
Mexico City who have had to 
learn to five in a permanent 
state of emergency. 

Tomorrow: The miracle babies 

How Briton lost taste 
for Contra adventure 

From Patricia dough, San Josd 

Mr John Davies, a British 
instructor of Nicaraguan Con- 
tra guerrillas, sipped his first 
beer of freedom after his 
release from a Costa Rican jail 
and said his brief career as an 
anti-Communist fighter was 
now over. 

Mr Davies, from Bridg- 
north, Shropshire, was freed 
on £600 bail on Friday after a 
year and a day in San JosCjaiL 
He was arrested with another 
Briton, Mr Stephen GLibbery, 
of Solihull West Midlands, 
and two Americans, a French- 
man and 14 Nicaraguans 
when Costa Rican police dis- 
covered their training camp 
not far from the Nicaraguan 
border. Mr Glibbery is expect- 
ed to be released soon. 

The group were- changed 
with possessing explosives 
and with actions hostile to the 
state, which Mr Davies takes 
to mean violating Costa Rica's 
neutrality. He has beat or- 
dered to report regularly to the 
police and will not be allowed 
to leave the country before the 
trial begins, possibly in June. 

Relaxing at a modem apart- 
ment hotel on the outskirts of 
San Jos£, Mr Davies, aged 23, 
said: “1 came here to fight 
communism. It was a ques- 
tion of idealism; it was all very 
romantic. I had been reading a 
lot about this- part of the 
world, and I paid my own way 
out here.” 

“I was not involved in any 
hostilities,” he said. “I was 
just training tbe Contras. I 
never went into Nicaragua.” 
He had been with the Contras 

only about two months before 
he was arrested. His year in 
prison had made him lose the 
taste for adventure, he said. 

He said he served for three 
years in tbe British Army, first 
with The Royal Green Jackets 
in Berlin and Northern Ire- 
land and later with the Army 
Air Corps. 

Asked if be and his group 
were financed by the Ameri- 
cans, he was silent for a few 
seconds, then said cautiously: 
“Reagan is giving money to 
the Contras, and one could 
assume that this is the way it 
was financed.” He was not 
given any money by tbe 
Americans directly. 

“The Contras will not over- 
throw the Sandinislas, not in a 
hundred million years, even if 
they get the $100 million 
which Reagan wants to give 
them,” he said. "Only the 
United States can overthrow 
the Sandinislas." 

He had been alone in his 
cell, but was able to talk to 
people in other cells. They had 
an hour of exercise a day and 
lived on the eternal Central 
American diet of rice and 

The Costa Rican Justice 
Minister, Senor Hugo Alfonso 
Munoz, told The Times it was 
absolutely necessary to in- 
crease and reorganize' the po- 
lice to keep a check on Contra 
actions in Costa Rica. 

“The Contras can stay here, 
but on important conditions 
which derive from the right of 
asylum and Costa Rica’s 
neutrality," be said. 

China wants its scrolls 

Dunhuang (Reuter) - The 
curator of China's ancient 
Buddhist caves of Dunhuang 
pleaded yesterday for the re- 
turn of thousands of precious 
scrolls and manuscripts re- 
moved early this century to 
museums hi Western Europe. 

The scrolls, between 1,000 
and L600 years old, had been 
seated u a secret cave near the 
desert oasis until almost 
40,000 (ell into the hands of 
foreigners sooa after their 
discovery fin 1900. 

“What we hope is that Dun- 
huang can be reconstituted as 
a single unit with everything 
intact as it was and as it should 
be,” the curator, MrDuan 
Wenjie, said. "These are 

China’s national treasures and 
Heel very rtroiKly tony 
that they should be in China.” 

. About 104100 of the 50,000 
dews are to the British Muse- 
um, 8,000 in French museums, 
and a further 20,000 areteW 
Other countries. 





T«t OT-245 6431 



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The battle of the New River 

Britain's water supplies are the latest 

Government target for privatization. 

Today, as the environment department 

issues a consultation paper, Richard North 
reviews the arguments and looks at the 
related threat to one ancient waterway 

The New River, which runs very 
gently from Hertfordshire to Stoke 
Newington, north London, is 
venerable. A man-made water- 
■course, built in the first years of 
the 17th century, it provided the 
■first supply of sweele waters'* to 
be piped to London firm the 
countryside and has been supply- 
ing the capital with water ever 
since. ■ 

- It is, however, about to become 
redundant, as the water industry’s 
cwn M25, an underground 
ringmain, win replace it at toe end 

of the decade. 

An anxious group of residents — 
“The Save the Reservoirs, Filter 
Beds and New River Cham pai g n** 
— gathers regularly to plot the 
conservation of the river, with its 
60 acres of reservoirs and 20 acres 
erf filter beds in Stoke Newington, 
welcome expanses of open water 
among. council tow er Modes and 
gentrified terraces. They attract 
flocks of ducks, geese and swans 
and the London Wildlife Trust has 
been funded by the Thames Water 
Authority (the owner since 1973 of 
the entire New River and its 
works) to survey the wildlife 
interest of the system. John New- 
ton, the trust's conservation offi- 
cer, says: "The New River is a 
unique wildlife resource in Great- 
er London for aquatic plants, 
insects and birds. Its value as a 
corridor bringing wildlife into the 
city is inestimable; its loss would 
have a severe effect** 

The campaigners fear that 
Thames Water will try to sell the 
land to- the highest bidder, and 
that their precious open space will 
be filled in by exclusive housing 
or, worse, industrial units. Their 
anxiety has been fuelled by the 
authority's manager ofproperty 
and estates, Mr M. Chapman, 
who, in a tetter to one local 
resident on the subject of land 
disposal said : “It is our statutory 
duty to obtain the best price that 
we can**. 

The campaign's secretary. Fetor 
Gosnefl, says: “With a modest 
display of imagination a great deal 
could be done in this respect by 
providing homes and industrial 
estates on the many derelict sites 
in the borough". The authority has 
said it win announce plans for the 
sites in May or June. 

That Thames Water would sell 
some at least of the land was 
inevitable, with or without priva- 
tization. But residents believe that 
as a public authority it wouldhave 
been more amenable to “public 
interest" arguments than it may 
prove to be as a straightforward 
commercial enterprise. 

For their part, the authority's 
spokeswoman says: “We recog- 

nize the New River has an 
.amenity value. We're trying to 
find a suitable compromise — one 
which helps alleviate pressure for 
bousing and jobs locally while 
improving the amenity value of 
the river and at least some of the 
reservoirs and filter beds, which 
are, after all, not even open to the 
public ar the moment" 

This last point particularly up- 
sets the campaigners. Peter 
Gosneli, a retired civil servant and 
a council tenant on an estate 
which overlooks the New River, 
says: “When the flats round the 
reservoirs were opened in 1949 
there was a proud boast that a 
promenade by the water had been 
built for residents. Unfortunately 
someone erected a fence ana 
forgot to put a gate in it Instead 
they pot up a notice warning us 
about guard dogs. It has never 
been open." 

Most of the local authorities 
along the route have come to an 
agreement with Thames Water, 
but Hackney Borough Council — 
which has die reservoirs and the 
filter beds in its bailiwick — has 
noL Its planners are broadly 
sympathetic to the campaign. 

The residents believe the site 
would greatly benefit from a water 
sports centre and aquatic wildlife 
park — not least for the several 
schools nearby. Last week they 
formed a subcommittee to explore 
the sorts of “green” business that 
might also work on the site. 

The preservation of the New 
River is likely to attract enthusi- 
asts of industrial archaeology. 
Flowing from the springs of 
Hertford and Ware, it originally 
ambled for nearly 40 miles, right 
through to a Round Pond, con- 
structed just by Sadlers Wells. 
The reservoirs, with their grade 
two listed pumping station known 
locally as Hackney Castle, were 
built in the mid 19th century, and 
the route shortened to 27 miles. 

The New River Company still 
exists, as part of a property firm (it 
sold the river works to the 
Metropolitan Water Board at the 
turn of this century). It is, accord- 
ing to Bernard Rudden. Professor 
of Comparative Law at Oxford 
University, and author of The 
New River, a Lead History (Clar- 
endon Press. £20): “the oldest 
surviving business company in the 

English-speaking world, possibly 
the whole world . 

On the memorial to Sir Hugh 
Myddleton. the merchant adven- 
. tuner who built the New River, it is 
described as “an immortal work". 
It seems unlikely that it will be 
allowed to dry up without a 
considerable scrap. 


The Government Intends to 
announce a water Industry 
privatization Bill in this year's . 
Queen’s Speech. It would 
restructure the 10 water 
authorities as water service public 
limited companies (WSPLCs), 
which win be floated intopublic 
ownership indhriduefly. Tne five 
o’ so more profitable authorities 
would be floated soorr-after the 
Act comes into force, i 
In the early summer of 1 887: 

are expected to raise about £1 


The financial aspects of the & 

WSPLCs, including pricirw, will be 
controlled by a Director-General 
of Water Services at the 
Department of the Environment 
Ultimately the Secretary of State 
for the Environment would 
account to Parliament tor . 
environmental, water quality 
and pricing matters. 

T wwhM Jo Spector, David Fracy andJim Merry fear that privatization means tbe New Riversys- 

- tom will be sold to the high*** bidder by Rey Watts (top centre), chairman of Thames Water Authority, which owns it Right: the New River Head in Hertfordshire - 


At present, water authorities oper- 
ate and police many of the 
controls which apply to private 
industry (and, anomalously, 
themselves) as they discharge 
effluent and treated sewage into, 
the nation's watercourses. 

“Suppose it should happen that 
a major shareholder of a water 
company was itself polluting, and 
applied pressure on the board of 
the company to take an easy line 
on the matter?" asks David Con- 

dor. of the Council for the 
Protection of Rural England 

“And how do you reconcile 
looking after shareholders and, 
say, cleaning up the Mersey which 
it is estimated will require £4 
billion over the next 20 or 30 

The nation needs to spend 
money on long-term infrastruc- 
ture: by one reckoning, not less 
than £16 billion on underground 

water and sewage pipes alone. 

The CPRE and others are also 
very concerned that reform of the 
control of land drainage, which 
has damaged many wildlife habi- 
tats. may be delayed because of 
privatization. Many of the water 
companies' activities could be 
environmentally damaging with- 
out the will and money to under- 
take them sensitively (as some 
authorities are now praised for 
having realized). 


One nr two aatho r ilfc&are tremen- 
dous enthusiasts for privatization, 
notably the most affluent; Thames 
Water, and its chairman, Roy 

In 1984, he ted a campaign 
against a GorenuKent-enforced 
price rise. Ministers wanted the 
KBthority to firawr* . its ropftal 
expenditure irithcamat earnings 
rather than bo n ow in g and made 
Thames pay. off debt-far quicker 
than Thaaes tiienght it needed to. 


Today, Mr John Patten, environ- 
ment minister responsible for wa- 
ter, publishes a consultation 
paper. The Water Environment: 
The Next Steps. It will reveal that 
the Government does not propose 
an independent body to police the 
environmental activites of private 
water companies. (Instead It is 
believed to want to create a new 
body with a wider brief along the of 
the United States's Environmental 
Protection Agency.) 

Moreover, there is ho plan to 
publish an annual “State of the 
Industry" report, although the 
proposed DoE based Water Pollu- 
tion Inspectorate wiB probably 
report annually. 

Proposed safeguards include: 

• Anyone with evidence of poor 
practice by water authorities to be 
able to appeal to the Secretary of 

• Guidelines of good environmeo- 

Minister John Patten 

tal practice to be laid down in 
statute form; 

• Statutory force to be given to 
objectives and standards tor river 
and estuary water quality; 

• Current levels of envi ronm ental 
spending to be main tamed and 
mo nitored; 

• “Protection zones" where po- 
tentially polluting practices to be 


Paul Herrington, a water econo- 
mist at Leicester University says, 
“I’ve searched the White Paper 
(Privatization of the Water Au- 
thorities in England and Wales) in 
vain for serious evidence that the 
general public will gain. The 
merchant bankers, accountants 
and the Treasury will, but few 
others. This is a case not of selling - 
the family silver but the famil y 
plumbing." ‘ 

John Humphries, a board mem- 
ber for Thames Water!, believes 
that the Government has noright *• 
to seD the water authorities. ' 
“When the ratepayers and others 
were building up the assets of their 
local public health services — 
which is what water and sewerage 
services are — they were doing so 
for themselves and their children, 
not for the benefit of the 

In a letter to The Times last 

Board member John Humphries 

week, John Patten said that Parlia- 
ment was justified in seflingpuMic 
assets in the interests or “the 
general taxpayer, who in one way 
or paid for them in the first place.” 
The Government believes that the 
planning system will ensure that 
assets such as land in the Lake 
District, or Stoke Newington are 
not sold for inappropriate 
development. - T • 

“The gov e r nm ent has used ns as a 
mOch cow", says Watts. Before 
the protest, the Government ted 
repeatedly declared that privatiza- 
tion was not on the agenda. Within 
months it was at the top-of the. Hst 
Thames delights hi toe expecta- 
tion of “totting the Government off 
oar bad;" and borrowing on the 
pri v ate capital market - witiT no 
worries about -the PnbBc^Sector 

Boirwlng Requirement, “Priva- 
tized our prices will be mnch Lower 
than they would have been and our 
payments to shareholders will be 
modi less than owr payments to 
go ver nm ent would have been! 1 . .. . 

John Elfed Jones, chairman of 
Welsh Water, says of prrafea- 
- tiem “Initially we came to the 
condnsien that thoe-wonld be no 
discernible benefits emerging, and 
we came oat against if*. Bat, 
accepting the inevitable, they hare 
since decided to “negetfaterobnst- 
ly to get the best possible deal" 

. Mr .Jones accepts .that raising 
znoaeylfor, Jong-term projects may 
: be easier after privatization, “We 
want Very rigwonslydefined stan- 
dards to be imposed on .ns after 
pri v atiz ation: not josHu matters of 
potable water and sound sewage 
disposal, but also to do wfth-the 
general environment" 

On Merseyside, the North West 
Water Authority has vast debts 
and commons expenditure is need- 
ed to replace old Infrastructure: it 
will need a special deal — probably 
involving massive debts written 


a rc generally reckoned to be Crocker and 
Devenish of New Burlington Street. Such is the 
perfectionism of these skilled craftsmen, that both of 
them are involved in the cutting of each pair of trous- 
ers: Albert Crocker specialises in left legs, while his 
partner, Humphrey Deveiu'sh specialises in right legs. 
Only those young gentlemen who put their names 
down at birth can hope to be considered as possible 
customers. Unless of course they are foreigners, in 
which case they will never be considered. In each of the 

fitting rooms there is a Harley-Davidson Electraglide 
motorcycle, so that the young blades can check the fit 
of their trousers while in the saddle, and ail customers 
are offered a glass of Merrydown Vintage Cider while 
waiting to be measured. This rider is produced in 
limited quantities each year by a unique blending 
process, and each bottle bears the date of the vintage on 
its label. The apples used in the fermentation are all fine 
English apples like Bramleys and Cox's, rather than the 
bitter little rider apples used in other brands designed 
for those with more “off-the-peg” tastes. It is available 
in two subtlv differing varieties: Merrydown Vintage 
- - and Merrydown Vintage Dry. Should you be inclined 
io sample either, you should find that a reputable off- 
licence will come up with the goods even more 

promptly than your tailor. 

Merrydown. Cider for the few. 

Survival of a well-oiled fall guy 

A fortnight ago, Dallas con- 
tained a typical humilia- 
tion of Cliff Barnes, J. R. 
Ewing's ill-starred business 
rival. In full view of the 
tuxedoed guests at the Oil 
Barons* Ball, Cliff's wife flung 
a plate of gateau in his face. 
Fumbling to regain bis equi- 
librium, he cried: “Whatta 
gal!'' and forced out a long, 
unconvincing laugh. Mo- 
ments later, he sauntered into 
the dining hall, having forgot- 
ten to wipe clean his face. 

Ken Kercheval has played 
Cliff for eight seasons of 
Dallas , turning the part into 

Cliff Barnes may be 
Dallas's archetypal 
loser but he always 
bounces back — 

one of the consistent joys of a 
series whose quality is as 
variable as the relationships of 
its leading characters. In Lon- 
don for his honeymoon and 
obligatory trial by Wogan on 
BBC 1 tonight, Kercheval 
claims credit for the comic 
embellishments. “It’s unreal- 
istic that this guy, who slips so 



I Obligations (5) 

4 Relate anticlockwise 

8 Dirt (5) 

9 Dignify (7) 

10 Choirboy vestment 
( 8 ) 

11 Bubbly drink (4) 

13 Islands group (11) 

17 Anger (4) 

18 Wrong name (8) 

21 Moscow citadd (7) 

22 DeviantfS) 

23 Nose hole (7) 

24 Spacious (5) 


1 Assimilate (6) 

2 Pipe wood (5) 

3 Furtive (8) 

4 Not unusual (13) 

5 Without (4) 

6 Stealing (7) 

7 Trick (6) 

12 Loud noise (8) 
14 Revert (7) 

15 Disrupted (6) 
10 Frightening (6) 

19 Slogan (5) 

20 Aspersion (4) 

often, sometimes doesn't fall 
on his ass humorously 

In KerchevaTs interpreta- 
tion, Cliff is a millionaire with 
an emotional age of 10. Unlike 
J. R~, who brilliantly conceals 
his designs. Cliff is childishly 
incapable of hiding anything, 
granted dispensation even to 
cry. Fastened to the helter- 
skelter of the plot. Cliff treats 
the twin imposters, triumph 
and disaster, just the same: 
badly, with a bottle in his 
hand. Like a child, too, he 
desperately equates material 
possessions with happiness. 

Yet Cliff was not always 
thus retarded. In synopses for 
the original 1978 mini-series, 
he was a college-educated 
barrister with political ambi- 
tions in the Democratic party, 
determined to avenge the 
Ewings' destruction of his 
father by rooting out corrup- 
tion from the oil state. Playing 
on Kercheval's physical re- 
semblance, he was to be 
modelled on Ted Kennedy. 

For Kercheval, who fought 
his way out of dead-end jobs 
to his first break on Broadway, 
Oiff was the latest of many 
suit-and-lie television roles. 

A lover of the country, 
whose fame has bought him 
bis own popcorn farm, be read 
for the part of Dallas's farm 
hand. Ray Krebbs. “I didn’t 
want to play Oiff but I needed 
the money", he says. 

The rest is television histo- 
ry. Ever since Oiff claimed 


Dire Straits: The end of a 
supergroup’s supertour 

that he was the father of Sue 
Ellen's baby and blood tests 
instead perversely proved 
J. R/s paternity, there has 
been one certainty: Cliff pain- 
fully lacking the Ewings* fa- 
milial props or their expertise 
on horseback, will never beat 

Kercheval insists, however, 
that Oiff is a survivor. Of all 
J. R.*s adversaries over the 
years, he points out, Oiff 
alone remains. “I'm the coy- 
ote in the Road Runner car- 
toon. Pm dropped off cliffs, I 
fall SO yards down a man hole 
and when I look out oyer die 
top,' a car -mes and steam- 
rollers roe. i‘et my flattened, 
two-dimensional remains pop 
up and start chasing die road 
runner again." 

Andrew BOlen 

He exercises with determination, loves to 

*£*••" ..3 v 

Bill Wilson is incurable. 

He's not unhelpabla 

Bill Wilson wanted to be a farmer or a chef. 

His unde owned a farm in Kflmamoch where 
Bill was bom As it happened. Bill became 
a chef with tile BMA. He is softly spoken, and 
has a warm sense of humour Some years ago, 
he suffered a stroke which left him severe!}’ 
paralysed. He came to us at Putney - a long 
wav from his uncle's farm. 

But Bill doesn't let things get him down. 

The Royal Hospital & Home for Incurables. 

1 / A mmm ad 

Patrons: HM The Queen and HM The Queen Mother &***« 

: patients' kitchen. 

For Bill the RHH1 is home, as it is for some 
270 other patients whom we strive, through 
skilled nursing, therapy and medical treat- 
ment, to help achieve as much independence 
as possible 

We area registered charity (No. _ . . 
205907) and rely upon donations, RCrH 
covenants and legacies. Please help. 

To: Captain A D. Hutton, OBE.RN (Kef d). 
Director of Appeals, The Royal 
Hospital aid Home for Incurables, 
Dept L. West Hill, Putney. 

London swisssw 
Yes, I would Hke tobdp. (Please Bek) 

G lendose a donation to the RHHL 
Please send me the RHHTgteafleton 
U nuking covenants or bequests. 

Please send me more Infonngtkm 
□ about the RHHL 




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I'Taar 3M is a Trademark v j ^ 







econd half might be even better. In 
a month when Jane Asher and Hayley Milk 
40, Caroline Moorchead looks at 
ttdes to that notorious milestone 

■ -SflSfflCT 
T •% .. 


rf* "J: 



r’^ fs. Joan . Cottras is the name many 
: '.” women mention when you ask thwr) 

’ hnnr ft 4 - 4A II— 

how ft feete to torn 40. Almost 
single* handedly she seems to have 
made it possible, not merely for the 
abouMo-be 50-year-olds but also 
for those feeing that most dreaded 
ofbirthdays — die end of die fourth 
decade — to con template the event 
without trepidation. Or at least with 
considerably less trepidation than 
before, the days of Dynasty. Women ' 
turning 40 all speak of Ms Collins 
with wonder ana relief If you can 
lodk Hke-that> if yon can behave Eke 
that al 52, who cares what 40 brings? 

Yet 40 itself the birthday, still 
pricks. It doesn’t take much of that 
advertised shampoo. After 40, to 
underline the message that 40 
implies change. There is life before 
40, so the assumption goes: youth- 
ful, chancy, full of hope and 
possibility. And there is life after 40: 
responsible, with views and opin- 
ions, in neat tailored suits. 

That nothing actually alters is 
immaterial: many women believe 
themselves altered. 

Clare Francis, who had her 
fortieth birthday on April 17, said: 
“You can never quite lave behind 
the feelings of horror of your 
mother's generation,' that at 40 a 

For actresses, it . 
cannot be Ignored 

woman's life as an. attractive and 
sexy person is over. It may still be 
possible to have fun — but you are 
distinctly past your best” 

If nothing else, these is the 
surprise of in can Hayley Mills, 
forever the sweet little girl in Tiger 
Bay. really be 40? Can Jane Asher 
have really turned that hateful 
corner, and can Joanna Lumfey. her 
co-star ip Blithe ' Spirit ; currently 
playing at the Vaudeville, be about 
to? ...... 

For actresses, however staunchly 
they approach it, the hurdle cannot 

altogether be ignored. Naomi Buch, 
who turned 40 last August, did so 
with disbelief and revulsion: the 
event most feared in her life, the 
unslomachable descent into middle 
age, had finally arrived She was no 
longer able to play the games she 
had enjoyed with her small daugh- 
ter, by now a horrifyingly adult 16: 
“Right up until die was a hulking 13 
. years old, I used to say to hen 
.Darling, if any one asks how old 
you are, say you're three'." 

But then, few women are con- 
fronted on their fortieth birthday 
with an ordeal such as that faced by 
Naomi Buch. She was appearing — 
naked — in Athol Fugard’s State- 
ments After an Arrest Under the 
Immorality Acl “I have never 
before been asked as an actress, to 
. take my dothes off. It seemed a 
defiance against my birthday." Af- 
ter the play, she celebrated the 
occasion by crying all night over 
gallons of wine in a restaurant. But 
40 passed and her life has improved 
beyond aU memory. Not long 
afterwards, she fell in love: she now 
. feels secure, attractive. Her only 
worry is that there are fewer parts 
for older actresses. 

. If Naomi Buch faced up to her 
fortieth birthday with consterna- 
tion. Dtlys Wading, who opened in . 
Time this month, views hers on 
May 5 with- delight. She likes 
birthdays; the more momentous the 
age, the better the. party. She 
‘ recently married the Welsh actor 
Owen Teale and has a five-month- 
old son. Ion. 

The feet that her husband is 16 
. yearsyounger is, she says, extremely 
‘ reassuring she feels good As a 
former dancer she is also fit. “Fm 
more confident. I don’t have to 
compete. Being 40 means nothing to 
me- 1 think ifs all to do with staying 
. ffae course. I'd much rather be me 
‘ now than a 21-year-old tryinelQ get 
' info the business. Td rather have a 
trade record" 

Maybe it is better to turn 40 in 
business than on the stage. Laraine 
Ashton has been a businesswoman 


Fresh at 44k Laraine Ashton, Clare Francis (top right) and Dilys Waiting (bottom right) 

for IS years, running her own 
successful model agency. But it is a 
career where age and looks matter. 
It is not, however, the presence of 
pretty 16-year-olds that depresses 
her — she accepts, laughing, that she 
is now old enough to be their 
mother — but simply that 40 is a 
symbol of growing older. "1 find it 
killing: I can't stand it It terrifies 
me. All this rubbish about 40 being 
a wonderful age — ah yes, but for 
how long?" 

At 25 she longed to be a little 
older, to possess some of the 
gravjtas she felt sure would come 
with age. The gra vitas came and 
went, unperceived “There wasn't a 
moment when 1 felt: this is just 
right.” She talks of mild physical 
complaints but admits to a better 
life generally. 

She travels where and when she 
wants, she feels no constraints about 
what she can wear — “the terrible 
expression ’mutton dressed as lamb’ 
has, thank God gone" — and she 
has stopped frying to please every- 
one. “1 do things ray. way." ' 

She' is single and has no children, 
but doesn’t exclude the possibility 
that she might. “A hundred years 

ago. to turn 40 — well, to turn 25 — 
meant you were a spinster. That’s 
absolutely gone. I look at my 
contemporaries, married divorced 
perhaps even twice, with grown-up 
kids. I might still just do it all, back 
to front-" 

Where do the models themselves 
go at the dreaded age of 40? She 
laughs: “To a little graveyard in the 

According to Tom Sheridan, of 
the International Mode] Agency, it 
is quite the contrary. Some do very 
well, at least “those who mellow 
into everyone’s typical image of a 
soft and friendly mum". 

A reminder of passing 
time is what hurts 

Turning 40 is jusr a question of 
how you feeL Kim Lavety, of the 
Well Woman Centre, reports that its 
total physical check-up service is 
much in demand “by women on, or 
turning, 40: it’s as if these mainly 
professional women suddenly fed 
the urge to reassure themselves that 
all is well". 

Clare Francis agrees that it is a 
moment for reassessment, but in 
her case a satisfying one: the sailing 
she did in her twenties and thirties 
has given way to her much enjoyed 
writing and far greater confidence. 
“I'm sure young people look at me 
and think: that woman is middle- 
aged. But I think 1 look pretty good. 
I feel terrific I eat healthy food, I 
run a bit, I don't drink. It's 
important not to get in a rut I tiy 
different clothes. I have my hair 
spikey. I’m glad to be a woman now. 
though perhaps 10 years hence 
would be better — the pioneering 
will be out of the way then." 

She adds, however, that turning 
40 does matter it has to matter, but 
in a somewhat unexpected way. 
“It’s to do with the passage of time. I 
hear the word “forty’: half my life 
gone. Time becomes precious." 

Her words were repeated, almost 
identically, by each of the other 
women. As Naomi Buch put it: “I 
never wanted to be 40. It means I'm 
growing older. I'm very afraid of 
growing old." The reminder that 
time is passing, not the fact of being 
40, is what hurts. 

Sweeter life for a young diabetic 

r-*~. a rf.Ayi 
■’ * - ; , * ‘ v ' * » 

M ax seemed a normal, 
healthy, adventurous 
eight-year-old bav in 
the long hoi summer of 1976. 
He was passionate about 
sport, a member of the school 
choir and played the recorder. 

When he started drinking 
excessive amounts of water 
and soft drinks his parents, 
David and Penny Thomas, 
assumed his thirst was due to 
the weather. They put his 
listiessaess down to the 
heatwave, too. and at first they 
did not notice his loss of 

It was not until he began to 
wet the bed that they became 
alarmed. Suspecting an infec- 
tion of some kind, they took 
. him to their doctor. “When be 
suggested that Max might 
have diabetes we were 
stunned". David Thomas 

Max went mto hospital for 
tests and treatment. The 
doctor’s suspicions were con- 
firmed. and life for Max and 
his parents would never be the 
same again. But neither, they 
decided, would it be dim- 

He was one of between 
1.500 and 2,000 children un- 
der the age of 16 in Britain 
who each year are discovered 
to have diabetes. The onset of 
the condition is often brutally 
sudden, and its diagnosis is 
invariably shattering for the 
family- , - 

Immediately imposed on 
Max and his parents was an 

At the age of eight 
Max Thomas was 
diagnosed a diabetic. 
His story is told in a 
pew book, designed 
to give parents hope 

essential regime ofblood sugar 
tests, meticulously careful diet 
planning and preparation and, 
most of all, wfaat some special- 
ists have described as “the 
tyranny of the needle” — the 
probability of insulin injec- 
tions every day for the rest of 
his life. 

Max’s story, typical of many 
such cases, is included in an 
important new book. Care of 
the Child, with Diabetes* pub- 
lished earlier this month. It is 
the story of bow he and his 
family have learnt to cope 
with his condition. Above all, 
it is a heartening example to 
all parents of bow diabetes in 
childhood can be tackled suc- 
cessfully and how its victims 
can shake off its shadows. 

W hen Max came home 
from hospital, his 
parents began to re- 
shape the family routine. “The 
first couple of nights, neither 
of us slept particuJarfy well, 
and we left all the bedroom 
doors open. Even now, that is 
still the family practice", his 
father says. 

Meal times were dictated by 

Living life to the folk Max Thomas with his parents Penny and David 

Max’s seeds, and his sister 
Lisa and his parents tried to 
eat the same-food as he did to 
avoid discrimination. The 
family's strategy was to em- 
phasize that he was not going 
to be treated unfairly because 
of his condition. 

Diabetics are prone to at- 
tacks of hypogiycaemia and 
byperglycaemia — deficiencies 
or excesses of sugar in the 
blood, better known perhaps 
as simply “insulin- reactions”, 
and referred to by many 
sufferers as ’“hypos” and 

Max's first mild “hypo" 
came when he was about nine. 
“One' night we were awoken 

by Max apparently talking. He 
was behaving as though be 
were drunk. His speech was 
very slurred and indistinct., 
and the pupils of his eyes were 
widely dilated. We gave him 
two glucose tablets which we 
made him chew and within a 
few minutes he was awake and 
speaking as dear as a bell." 

Two years passed and Max 
experienced his first severe 
"hypo". The evening meal at 
die Thomas home was spa- 
ghetti bolognese. Max seemed 
“rather vacant". He started to 
play with his food. His parents 
trial giving him some “de- 
fizzed” cola, but that made 
him violently sick. “He then 

went into a fit", David Thom- 
as remembers. “His face twist- 
ed, his eyes rolled up. and be 
went rigid. My wife tried 
phoning the hospital, but 
couldn't get through. Finally 
she reached our local GP who 
agreed to come immediately. 

“It's difficult to describe 
adequately our feelings of 
panic and helplessness in try- 
ing to respond to a situation 
we bad not met before." The 
doctor arrived within 10 min- 
utes and gave Max a glucose 
injection. The boy was put to 
bed. the crisis over. 

Since then Max has con- 
quered several mild reactions 
and one severe one. and he 

and his parents now feel 
sufficiently confident to deal 
with them when they occur. 
They have been assured that 
children never die in such an 
attack. Understandably, how- 
ever. their anxieties remain. 

Max has been active in 
school sports, particularly rug- 
by. He was a cub, then a scout, 
a member of a Sunday football 
team, and a keen participant 
in the Duke of Edinburgh 
award scheme. 

What of the’ future? The 
worst assessment oflife expec- 
tancy for a diabetic child is 
just 40 years. 3 prognosis ihai 
might be discarded as pessi- 
mistic within the next decade. 

Dr Arnold Bloom, a consul- 
tant physician and chairman 
of the British Diabetic Associ- 
ation, says advances in re- 
search and treatment are 
continually improving the 
-prospects. These advances in- 
creasingly offer a better and 
longer life. “Everything de- 
pends on how well parents 
look after the diabetic child 
and how well that child looks 
after himself or herself in 
adulthood". Dr Bloom says. 

Thomson Prentice 

Care of the Child with Diabe- 
tes, edited by Professor 
J.D.Baum and Dr 
A.LJCinmoruh (Churchill Liv- 
ingstone. Edinburgh . £24). 

The British Diabetic .Associa- 
tion is at 10 Queen Anne 
Street. London H7 (01- 
323 1531 J. 

The etiquette 
of economics 

Do not think that because the 
Government has issued a 
Green Paper on the Taxation 
of Men and Women that the 
problems of females and their 
finances have been settled. 

The whole area & as 
fraught with uncertainty as it 
always has been, and always 
will be until hell freezes over 
or waiters stop handing the 
bill to a male diner who 
happens to be the guest of the 
woman at the same table — 
whichever comes first 

It is tree that in some 
situations women twitter 
needlessly over money mat- 
ters. That astute social com- 
mentator Sally Vincent once 
wrote chat she could never see 
why a woman should be 
embarrassed at buying her 
round in a pab. All she had to 
do was ask the assembled 
company what it wanted, 
walk np to the bar counter, 
give the order, pay up and 
carry the glasses back. 

This is a perfect plan as 
long as the assembled compa- 
ny doesn’t contain a man who 
thinks that all women should 
model themselves on Her 
Majesty and not carry money 
about their person. (Although 
if it is tree that HM doesn't 
walk about with wads of 
fivers, why does she need to 
have a handbag as big as a 
good-sired overnight case for- 
ever over her arm?) 

The questions are really 
those of etiquette rather than 
economics. For instance, how 
many times do yon allow a 
man to take you out to dinner 
before you start Rapping yoor 
own credit card around? Or is 
there supposed to be a tacit 
deal strode that he runs up an 
overdraft in return for your 
beautiful body? 

In which case, is ft morally 
acceptable for you to get his 
beautiful body at no extra 

How can you tell, after a 
fairly short acquaintance, 
whether the man you are 
currently walking out with 
belongs to the breed who 
would blush with mortifica- 
tion if you offered to pay for 
his entrance ticket to the V & 
A or gnaw his lower lip in 
disapproval if yon didn’t? 

1 suppose that a good rule 
of thumb is that if he tends to 
trip yon up m his haste to 
walk on the kerbside of the 
pavement he belongs to the 
first kind, and if he lets you do 
most of the driving he belongs 
to the second. 

These are particularly baf- 
fling times for the rather 
older woman of the type that 
American sociologists refer to 
as the “’displaced 
homemaker", as if she had 
been poshed bodily into the 
front garden. For several 
decades she has become used 
to baring a man around the 
place who paid for everything 
from the school fees to the 
newsagent's bill, so when love 
comes calling for the second 
time, she doesn’t have the 
remotest idea how much she 
is supposed to finance it. Half 
the hotel bill for the romantic 
weekend? The outings? The 
drinks? Or should she just 
send him a thank -you note 
and a pot plant on Monday 

The ground rules for finan- 
cial responsibility between 

; j 

■ ■ 

. JS 

( PENNY ^ 

the sexes are so flimsy that I 
think that everybody is al- 
lowed to make them up as 
they go along. For myself. I 
have decided that the way to a 
bad time is not parting with 
my money but organization.. 

So tbe particular bargain 
that 1 strike is that I pay for 
theatre tickets and dinners 
out if someone else will fritter 
away hours of his time deal- 
ing with box-offices that are 
always engaged and restaura- 
teurs who make you spell out 
your name three times before 
they reluctantly agree to let 
you book a table. If I ever 
meet a man with tax-shelters 
and original Renoirs, I sup- 
pose I shall have to change.- 

As women take on more 
monetary clout, it is interest- 
ing to see what comes natural- 
ly and what goes against the 
grain. I suspect that signing 
cheques for tbe mortgage, the 
water rates and tbe service 
charges merely bolster one’s 
sense of being the New 
Woman incarnate. Whereas 
having to provide one's own 
Cabochard and white tulips 
make one feel like an Old 

If you find it difficult to 
express yourself, you will be 
pleased to hear that the 
American greetings card in- 
dustry can now do it for you 
with several lines of “person- 
cards ". .4 range called the In 
Touch line even has verses 
created by a consulting 

Hallmark cards, which 
were once all hearts and 
flowers, now sell an item that 
reads. "You're getting mar- 
ried ? I dfdn i even know you 
were sleeping together ". And 
there's another that shows'. a 
harassed working woman ai 
an overflowing desk, saying to 
herself. " There's no place like 
home". The picture inside 
shows her at home, up to her 
elbows in housework. I won- 
der it hat the appropriate occa- 
sion is to send off that little 

A spokesman for the Greet-, 
mg Card Association sa\'s 
that " greeting cards probably 
reflect societal changes more 
rapidly and more accurately 
than any other industry". 
This is rather alarming nws 
since it suggests that the time 
may be passing when, after 
hours of searching for a piece 
of paper, an envelope and a 
pen with ink in it and after 
much head-scratching, we 
were able to write a letter that 
was all our own work. 

in out 

M » 

Back strain, a touch of stiffness, a 
pulled muscle or the effect of lumbago 
or sciatica can all be unpleasantly 

PR Spray is the really quick and 
effective way to relieve that pain. 

Unlike most other pain relief sprays. 
PR Spray is cold. It is the spray used by 
professional trainers attending mjunes. 

PR Spray, which is odourless, rapidly 
lowers the temperature of the skin over 
the painful area, and so freezes pain 
out - quickly and effectively. 



r, j 

U j & jig spPiij 

-ij.. .... .. i i 1 1 r~ y ^ .<■> vr ; 

One track minds. Divert them with the Illustrated London News. The magazine with such a surprising mix of arts, travel, people, 
environment and sport, as well as news, events, politics and business, it gives your brain a holiday every month. 



Anne Safer 




Who on earth would want the job 
of sorting out the turmoil in 
- Britain's schools? In fact, at least 
1 2 politicians consider themselves 
in ihe running for the post of 
Education Secretary, to be vacated 
sooner or later by Sir Keith 
Joseph. Now the name of Kenneth 
Baker, the St Paul's and Oxford- 
educated Environment Secretary, 
has been thrown into the ring to 
join better-fancied candidates 
such as Chris Patten. Lord Young 
and Kenneth Clarke. Insiders at 
Tory Central Office think Baker, 
after a year and a half of wrestling 
with local government affairs, 
may feel ready for a new challenge. 
Hecould be tempted by the fed 
that while he languishes near the 
bottom in the Cabinet hierarchy. 
Sir Keith is No & At any rate. 
Baker is known to be hurt not to 
have featured in speculation, 
which has even mentioned Jim 
Pawsev. a Jowly backbencher from 
Rugby and Kenilworth. 

Hot pursuit 

Lancashire coppers are chortling 
over what they swear is a true 
story concerning two women who, 
driving to work, spotted a box 
marked “microwave” lying appar- 
ently abandoned on a pavement 
Public-spiritedly they assumed 
someone has lost their new oven 
and picked it up, resolving to hand 
it in at Preston police station. A 
couple of miles later, though, a 
siren-blaring police car forced 
them to stop, and a furious 
policeman demanded: “Wbat do 
you think you are doing with our 
radar trap?" 

Anchors oy veh 

Maybe Nicol Williamson, cur- 
rently boring for Britain in ITVs 
Lord \ Iountbauen: The Last Vice- 
roy, would have bad more fun in a 
series based on the new book. 
Mounihatten and the Men of the 
Kelly, which — if nothing else — 
has more jokes. Author Bill 
Pattinson. for example, recounts 
Mountbanen's revenge on a rating 
who got out of church parade by 
describing himself as a “Jewish 
Atheist”. Hauling him up on a 
charge. Mounihatten ordered him 
.to visit a synagogue in Plymouth, 
where HMS Kelly was docked. 
There a rabbi, in cahoots with 
Mountbanen. gave the rating 
three lengthy instruction sessions 
designed 10 bring him back to the 
faith. From then on, Mountbanen 
greeted the (gentile) seaman with 


Last week's disclosure that an 
American company has refused to 
locate in Wales because it objects 
.to the populace’s accent has 
outraged Welsh Labour MPs. Set 
of them — Donald Anderson, 
Alan Williams, Gareth Warded, 
Ted Rowlands, Ron Davies and 
Ray Powell — have tabled an early 
day motion in the Commons 
expressing “anger and 
puzzlement” at the Americans’ 
decision, noting that they are “so 
ungodly they cannot recognize the 
■language and accent of heaven”, 
and warning. “They will shortly 
have to get used to that same 
accent being used by the United 
Kingdom's next prime minister.” 


The beauty is it can go backwards, 
sideways — in feet 
any direction that suits you.’ 

Split vote 

A lory candidate tor Camden 
council, Paul Crossman. says be 
has discovered the cost of social- 
ism. Canvassing at Vernon Court 
flats, be learned that the borough 
boundary with Bamei cuts 
through flats 26 and 27. Their 
owners pay half-rates to each 
council: £420 to Tory-controlled 
Barnet. £578 to Labour Camden. 

Raising Cain 

The BBC is to use Jeffrey Archer 
as ammunition in the TV ratings 
war during the World Cup this 
summer. The American-made 
mini-series of his novel, Cain and 
Abel . originally scheduled for 
September, is now set to be shown 
opposite the matches, which will 
be exclusively on 1TV. Archer, the 
Tory deputy chairman, is clearly 
flattered by the decision of the 
BBC 1 controller. Michael Grade. 
“No one knows more about 
ratings wars than Michael", he 
, told me yesterday. And nobody 
! knows more about the Archer 
series: while at the production 
company. Embassy, before joining 
the BBC. Grade was the show's 
executive co-producer. 


The most important question 
raised by America's strike against 
Libya is whether it is an affirma- 
tion of a new strategic approach to 
the Mediterranean and the Middle 
East, or whether it is a shortlived 
improvisatory- tactic that will 
end — as with the Lebanese epi- 
sode of 1982-84 - with America's 
military, and political advantages 
being squandered, resulting in a 
loss of power and influence. And 
underlying that is the question of 
the extent of a nation slate’s 
power, and of a superpower’s 
responsibilities to its allies. 

Witir foe exception of Britain, 
the European members of Nhto 
have preferred to avoid antagoniz- 
ing Libya, rather than help toe ally 
on whose power they depend for 
protection against Soviet am- 
bitions. The grounds for such a 
decision are not immediately ob- 
vious. Libya is not a great power, 
the Arab states have neither the 
desire nor the capacity to band 
together in its defence^ and the 
world is said to have an oil glut 

There remains the matter of 
exports to Libya, and the employ- 
ment which a relatively small 
number of Europeans have found 
in that country. If exports and jobs 
are beneficial to European coun- 
tries. imports and Western exper- 
tise are essential to Libya. But 

There is a remarkable .American 
play at the Royal Court Theatre 
(only to the end of this week, 
though it will reopen at the Albery 
on May 20 fora limited run) called 
The Normal Heart after a line in 
Auden's best-known bad poem. 
The heart thus referred to by the 
author, Larry Kramer, is the 
homosexual one, and its normal- 
ity is proclaimed in a work which 
examines the homosexual 
predicament through the burning- 
glass of the Aids epidemic. In the 
United States, the “gay plague”, as 
it has been called (because its 
known incidence among homo- 
sexual men is proportionately for 
higher than among heterosexuals) 
has so for struck down some 
20.000 people; half of these have 
died of it. and it is virtually certain 
that all the others will do so as 
well, together with anybody else 
who contracts the disease, for 
which there is as yet no cure or 

Mr Kramer is himself a homo- 
sexual, but the play is auto- 
biographical in more than that 
literal sense. It has two main 
themes, of which the second is the 
more interesting: the first takes the 
form of a violent assault on the 
heterosexual world which ignored 
Aids while it seemed to be 
confined to homosexuals, or even 
felt that the disease was some kind 
of retribution for the very feet of 
their homosexuality. The role that 
is based on the author's own 
experience is that of a leading 
homosexual -who rejects the in- 
direct and temperate approach of 
his fellows in the endeavour to 
awaken public interest in what is 
happening so that the sufferers 
may get help and that adequate 
research may be urgently under- 
taken: the odd man out wants to 
lum the campaign into a real 
Kuhurkampf denouncing hetero- 
sexual society as the butcher of 
homosexuals and insisting that no 
progress towards acceptance and 
equality wifi ever be made until 
homosexual love and physical 
sexual relations are recognized as 
entirely valid. 

That, as I say, is the first 
principle of the play, and it is 
mounted in a finely acted drama 
of formidable power, which does 
not quite conceal the feet that- in 
essence it is really a homosexual 
version of Love Story (or, for my 
older readers. The Hasty 
Heart) - that is, a love doomed 
because one of the lovers is dying 
of an incurable disease. But it is 
the second aspect of the author's 
case that is the more interesting; 
before he arrives at it, he makes 
another, self-contained point 
which has had the effect of 
drawing down considerable criti- 
cism on his head from fellow 
homosexuals. For Mr Kramer has 
faced, with implacable honesty, 
the question that the more rabid 
haters of homosexuals . have 
leaped to answer .is Aids the 
homosexuals' own feult? 

Not. of course, in the 
homophobic sense, as a punish- 
ment for perversion, but in the 
extraordinary promiscuity in 
which some homosexuals indulge. 
American research suggests that a 
promiscuous homosexual will be 

by Elie Kedourie 

governments eanndt be .guided 
"exclusively by economic interests. 

Whether this particular US 
venture succeeds or • not, - the 
behaviour of its* European allies 
will, have made foe Nato connec- 
tion seem less desirable in the eyes 
of the American public. 

Critics of US action have 
stressed one theme: that the US 
cannot hope to defeat terrorism by 
force-This is puzzling. Terrorists 
resort to force to achieve their 
aims If a military force greater 
than that wielded by te rrorists is 
brought to bear on them, they will 
be destroyed or neutralized. 
Again, if a state such as Libya 
organizes terrorism, then a point 
must exist at which the benefits of 
terrorism become smaller than the 

It can. of course, be argued that 
the force brought to hear in 
America's attack was both in- 
sufficient and of the wrong kind. 
This is an argument for applying 
greater force, and applying it with 
more skill and better judgement. It 
cannot be argued that terrorism is 
invulnerable, which is absurd and 
nonsensical. But it is a yearning 
for foe absurd and nonsensical 
which one senses to underlie the 

assertion that force cannot defeat 
terrorism. The yearning is dan- 
gerous because it does not come to 

terms with a world made up of 
sovereign states which recognize 
no superior, and where the final 
arbiter must be force or its threat. 
Should the US be the only one to 
forswear the use of force? 

. Another argument frequently 
heart is that “moderate” Arab 
slates find ihe American move 
against Libya embarrassing, it 
force them to declare solidarity 
with Gadaffi, for fear that their 
regimes might be endangered- It is 
true that they, equally with the 
“extremist” states, are haunted by 
insecurity and fear. But Libya and 
its Middle East allies have been 
attacking and ‘ denouncing the 
moderates for years, and if US 
resolve were to -weaken, these 
attacks would become even more 
dangerous, as Nasser became 
more dangerous to his Arab rivals 
after the Suez debacle. It is thus by 
no means clear that Arab mod- 
erates will best protect themselves 
by insincerely placating enemies 
Proponents of these arguments 
often affect . a tone of weary 
superiority. This is most observ- 
able when Libyan actions are 

likely to have some 1.500 sexual 
contacts in a lifetime; the research 
took account of the American 
institution of the “bath house”, 
which is a euphemism for a place 
in which male homosexuals gather 
in substantial numbers to indulge 
in repeated single and multiple 
sexual encounters (apparently it is 
not at all uncommon for . a 
participant in such orgies to have, 
in the course of a single evening, 
sexual relations with a number of 
partners running into double fig- 
ures). The bath houses, I believe, 
have not made an appearance in 
Britain; there are recognized meet- 
ing-places where a land of homo- 
sexual Stock Exchange takes place, 
but the astounding figure of 1,500 
sexual exchanges in a homo- 
sexual’s lifetime should presum- 
ably be heavily trimmed for 
Britain. In any case, the figure, 
even in America, applies to a 

Even so. the point remains, and 
this is how it is made in Mr 
Kramer's play, by the character 
' based on the author - 

“When are we going to admit we 
might be spreading this? We have 
simply flicked ourselves silly for 
years and years, and sometimes 
we’ve done it in the filthiest 
places . . . Good for yoa, Tommy , 
maybe you haven't, but others 
you've been with have, so what's 
the difference? - . . It's not your 
right to kill me. This is not a civil 
rights issue, this is a contagion 

issue We know. enough to cool 

it for a while! And save fives while 
we do.” 

That 1 must say, is an approach 
considerably more honest than the 
one adopted by Britain’s chief 
medical officers of health in their 
statement reproduced in the cur- 
rent government information 
campaign on the subject of Aids. 
In the full-page question-and- 
answer advertisements that have 
been appearing in the newspapers,, 
they ask the question; “Does Aids 
only affect homosexuals?", and 
answer it with an unqualified 
"No” That is, of course, the literal 
truth, but it is an evasion .of a 
much more important truth. Mr 
Kramer has faced the truth they 
have evaded, and be has tire right, 
having done so. to make his main 
claim. It goes like this: 

“l belong to a culture that 
includes Proust, Henry . James, 
Tchaikovsky, Cole Porter, Plato, 
Socrates, Aristotle, Alexander the 
Great, Michelangelo, Leonardo da 
Vinci, Christopher Marlowe, Walt 
Whitman. Herman Melville, Ten- 
nessee Williams, Byron, E. M- 
Forster. Lorca, Auden. Francis 
Bacon, James Baldwin, John May- 
nard Keynes, Dag Hamraar- 
skjold . . . Why don’t they teach 
any of this in the schools? . . . The 
only way well have real pride is 
when we demand recognition of a 
culture that isn't just sexual . . . 
All through history we’ve been 
there; but we have to claim it, and 
identify who was in it, and 
articulate what's in oar minds and 
hearts and all our creative 
contributions to this earth. And 
until ... we organize ourselves 
block by neighbourhood by city by 

explained stemming from Is- 
raeli’ intransigence and US inabu- 
itv or unwillingness to press for 
change: It is. however, for from 
dear that a settlement of the Arab- 
Israeli Question is possible: or if it 
were, that anyone knows wbai Ji 
might be. A settlement is for from 
being in Washington's gift. 

Even if the Arab-ISradi conflict 
were to be settled, peace and quiet 
is unlikely to descend on the 
Middle East; other ferocious con- 
flicts court easily break out. It js 
also a mistake to think that the US 
has a clear duty and a pressing 
interest to exert itself in the cause 
of Aiab-Israefi peace. 

The critics of. US action have to 
assume one of two things— dial 
the US is a superpower or that it is 
merely a very rich and powerful 
Mate. If it is a. superpower, the 
status. implies a crucial role in the 
defence of its Western allies. The 
discharge of such a role is in- 
compatible with finicky .defi- 
nitions of the boundaries of Naio 

And if the US is simply a 
powerful, state, then it cannot be 
denied the right to resort to force 
when its interests require — a right 
enjoyed by every single state 
known to history. 

The author is professor of politics 
at London University. 

Bernard Levin: the way we live now 

Why gays must 
not create 
a new ghetto 

The Nordic spring of discontent 


There is" trouble in paradise. 
Scandinavia has long been a 
byword among, its European 
neighbours for the anodyne (albeit 
affluent) brand, of social efficiency 
created when enlightened bureau- 
crats have their way. But now it is 
tied up in knots. 

Not only is the Nortic spring 
later than usual this .yean it Iras 
already cost the region a Viking’s 
ransom in a series of industrial 
conflicts that threaten to rumble 
on well into the summer. 

Norway is just beginning to 
surface from a week of industrial 
chaos, its worst labour dispute in 
55 years, during which about 
1 20.000 people, more than a tenth 
of the employed population, were 
locked out of their jobs in five 
industries. Norwegian oil and gas 
production in the North Sea was 
shut down for almost three weeks 
and the unrest spread at one point 
to -the British sector, cutting 
supplies of natural gas to British 
indusuy by about 40 per cent 
Negotiations with civil servants 
have foundered, and a strike in the 
public sector is a possibility. 

In Finland, where the last strike 
of any importance was recorded in 
1 97 1 . a quarter of a million blue- 
collar workers walked out for three 
days last month in the worst such 
action in3Q years. No sooner bad 
they relumed than 15,000 public- 
service workers called an indefi- 
nite strike that has ail but halted 
rail and air traffic as it has spread 
throughout the country, involving 
more than 50.000 people. 

Even in Iceland, where a curi- 
ous strategy of mass resignations 
has evolved in response to strict 
anti-strike legislation, a two-week 
technicians' dispute all but 
blanked out television screens and 
cut some remote telephone ser- 
vices. Half the nation's police 
force has threatened to resign from 
July i, provokinga public reaction 
midway between hilarity and 

Only Denmark and Sweden 
have so far been spared the worst, 
but the peace that prevails is an 
uneasy one. Denmark last year 
suffered a series of Short strikes 
involving about 100.000 workers. 
The government imposed a two- 
year 2 per cent agreement. Sweden 

pulled back only this month from 
a dispute that would have put 
more than 300.000 people out of 

Neither country is looking- for- 
ward to next year, when the truth 
of the “last gasp” theory, of 
Scandinavian industrial relations 
will be put to yet another test ‘ 

That theory bolds that tra- 
ditional methods of- centralized 
collective bargaining,' based on 
wide-ranging government powers 
to enforce arbitration, have bro- 
ken down -under the pressure of 
unspecified “economic and soda! 
factors eroding the Nordic tra- 
dition of striving for consensus”, 
as one analyst wrote. 

The natives themselves, while 
undeniably restless, dispute this 
outsider’s view with some ve- 
hemence. The Norwegians, for 
example, have a saying that 
translates easily across the various 
Nordic borders: “We are always 
broke but never poor." The key 
words are “equal” and “never”. 
Despite the relatively recent acces- 
sion to power of right-of-centre 
coalition governments in Norway. 
Denmark and Iceland, and the 

undeniable example set to their 
Nordic, neighbours by new fiscal 
brooms, the approach to the 
social-democratic welfare state of 
those conservative administra- 
tions is very different from that of, 
say, thfe British. Conservatives: 

It is die difference between^ fine- 
tuning (or at worst ifcconsiderad 
tinkering)’ and wholesale demo- 
lition. Accordingly, what; the Brit- 
ish see as industrial chaos and 
thinly disguised class .warfare is 
described here as “increasing in? 
siability in the labour market"/ 

Sven Amstrup. Nordic.Couorfl 
labour consultant, sees'no threat 
whatever. to Scandinavian -social 
democracy, collective bargaining 
traditions, consensus dr anything 
else.“Tbe Nordic governments are 
trying to strengthen their ability to 
compete in ihe world market by 
keeping inflation arid prices 
down, he says mildly. “It's easier 
to lower the price than to improve 
the quality of the goods. 

“Nobody wishes to change so- 
cial democracy in Scandinavia. 
Not even foe Conservatives.” 


An outrage to 

$t ate into a united visible commu- 
nity that fights, back, .we’re 
doomed . . . Being defined by our 
cocks is literally killing us. Most 
‘ weall be reduced to becoming our 
own murderers?” 

The eloquence of that plea must 
not be allowed to disguise the 
boldness of his demand, which is 
for a recognition of a\ special, 
separate role, function and po- 
sition for homosexuals in a hetero- 
sexual world. I have to say — and I 
write as one who has repeatedly 
come to the defence of homosex- 
uals suffering discrimination, 
injustice and contempt (and how 
fear) — that ft cannot be accepted. 
Either a homosexual is like the rest 
of ns except in the matter of sexual 
orientation (which is what I 
believe), or the very feet of his 
homosexuality sets him apart 
from — even, it seems, above — 
the rest of us. The names in flat 
list of homosexuals (which itself 
needs thoroughly glossing) have 
nothing m common other than 
their sexual nature, and with one 
or two obvious exceptions, I do 
not believe that their homosexual- 
ity could be deduced from their 
contribution to “a culture that 
isn’t Just sexual”. 

After decades of brutal in- 
comprehension . and indeed 
. persecution, the homosexuals’, de- 
sire to assert their nature pos- 
itively rather than defensively is 
• fiflly understandable. But to assert 
it in terms of an -entirety separate 
- nature is to risk-exchanging one 
kind of ghetto for another. It is 
true, as Mr Kramer charges, that 
the heterosexual world, at any rate 
in itspolitical aspect, ignored Aids 
while the triague seemed to be 
confined to homosexuals. It is also 
true that millions of homosexuals 
throughout the world lead per- 
sonal fives of decency and integ- 
rity. And of course iris true that 
there have been great artists. 

' scientists, administrators * and ; 
teachers who- were homosexuaL ! 
But that does not seerq to me to 
add up to' “a world elsewhere”. If 
it is wrong, as IbeBeve it is, to de- 
fine a black man by his blackness, 
it must beno less wrong to define a 
homosexual by his homosexual- 
ity* whether the definition (in 
either case) is made by his enemies 
or his friends. ' . -v 

Perhaps we should not think in 
terms of “homosexuals” at. all, 
much less of a “homosexual 
community” That, r recognize, is 
easy for a heterosexual to say; 
these who still face derision and 
rejection for the accident of then: 
nature, and who are. now as a 
group more at risk from a horrible 
and fingering death than; hetero- 
sexuals, can be pardoned for their 
impatience and 'anger. But. the 
impatience and anger will be 
wasted (as weft as resisted) if they 
lead to claims for a separate status, 
let alone a special one. Otherwise, 
we may all find ourselves, homo- 
sexuals and heterosexuals alike, 
reading on in- the same Auden 

The windiest militant trash. ■ ■ 

Important persons shout 
. Is not so crude as our wish . ... 

Or at the very feast 

For the error bred in the bone . . 

Of each woman and each man 

Craves what it cannot have - . . 

A "bloody public spending round” 
has beta forecast for this autumn 
by The. Economist, which usually 
has a . fair sense of the 

government’s ^.inteniiOTS- - As the 

lobbies in defence of pnbfic ser- 
vices grow ever louder and more 
confident of public support, many 
Conservatives .will be manmg mr 
cover — including some of-ihose 
who until ^oniy recently woe 
publicly denoundng-wasK in the 
public services. • ■ ■ ‘ 

There is soinetmqg pasting 
about the Conservative perfor- 
mance on all' of this. For a party 
that prometes- an image .of man- 
agerial competence and business 
efficiency, it has spedacularly 
faffed to convince the voters that 
there is- any. way of ru nn i n g 
-services more efficiently-^ The 
rhetoric is ah about admin- 
istrative streamlining and enhanc- 
ing productivity. The specific 
proposals always seem to be cuts 
In frontline services. 

• As far as education is cos-' 
cerned, the government has 
Warned the local authorities. 
Manag ement- it claims, is OUT of 
its ’ hands. But in the National 
Health Service ther e- can be no 
such excuse. The government has 
been ruthless in appointing its 
own people to tire hea lth au t hor^ 
ties; and bringing in hard-nosed 
administrators to stand up to the 
vested interests. And it basalraays 
insisted that there are not and will 

not be cuts in rcal.senrices. 

■ And yet the derisions that ftese 
administrators actually make 
seem sometimes to be deliberately 
intended to grind a sted-capped 
bed into the most vulnerable penis, 
of society.- For instance; in these 
days of tiring concert over cfctfld 
abuse, nicest and sexual assaults 
on children, psychiatric services 
for famil ies ana children are under 
threat throughout London, fa 
north London the Tavistock clinic 
has had three out of- five consul- 
tant child psychiatry poos frozen 
and isturinngaway referrals at foe 
rate of five or six a week. Soufoof 
the rivw, statist the Mandsky, the 
foremost national centre of 
psychiatric medicine, are reefing 
from ^recent proposatyby , the 
general manager of the. Special ■ 
Health Authority to ; mafae bi®e 
cios m the children's department. 

If youask for an account dfwftat 
this de p artmen t is doing, ft is tike 
lifting the curtain on a series of 
harrowing^ tragedies. There are 
three separate units. Crue ts for 
severely menially handicapped 
children and adolescents who also 
have a serious medicaf and/or 
behavioural /problems. . -- h is 
housed in the Maudsley's Beck- 
enham compfex/ahd also hasday- 
care: services .for riulinrir.'whosfr 
fruniliesteke them overnight-; > 

.J :-An entirety separate unit an the 
.Beckenham rile, is foe adolescent . 
mift, 'which houses : incipient, 
psydjotics; some in the early 
stages of sc hizophren ia; others ' 
suffering from -a d eg e nerati ve , 
brain disease which causes ex- 
tremely aggressive or bizarre , 
behaviour; others- who - axe 3t- 

irrriy anorexic. These yew? P«j> 
pfe are stows* aft =* ot 
ojurtfetion, suicide attempts and 
arson impulses. , .. 

The mix’d turn « a* 
Maudstey's inner-rity site, in^ 
Camberwell This is the cfHrtrw s* 
-unit for ^rtotecents. The 
roaiorav of -those who are admit* 
ted as "in-patients have- already 
proved immamageaWe m other 
sorts of- residential ferihty. tail 
they are wft ^or not yet -dw 
agnosed as psychotic. Many come 
from problem femifics, but wth 
intensive rehabilitation work they 
wfll probably return home. - 
- The three units have a number 
ttfihingsift caramon. TbevaH deal 
with, qnail numbers - ofextreme 
cases. Tbfcy also benefit from 
being. the base for- intensive re- 
search, training and innovation. 
AH three units, too, necd_ very 
intensive nursing, bec aus e of the 
nature oftbe children's problems. * 
They also neied protection. from 
each other: as one consultant put 
it “A base proportion of the units’ 
children are sexually active: and 
cause or invit e -physic al abase as 

is^t foe 

adolescrni unit should double up 
with one. of the others, thereby 

or £I40BOO per Krasin. My. first 
reaction on reading tiuswas fodo 
a Imfcfom rt appears that foe cost 
of a nussey presumably including 
national ' insurance' and 

supcfaimtatioa/a about £8,000 a 

year. M a st ^ oT these men : arid 

and. a . specialist quafification. as 
wefi as immeasurable qualities of 
Jwmanky .and de dic atio n. One 
cannot bdttfmt fed a sense of guilt 
at the degpx to wfodTsocfety is 
.cqd^trtRSUChjieqide.: . 

My second reaction 1 was to 
reflect on tfaeponrity of the saving 
in relation fo foe outrage of what is 
proposed. To forte the return to a 
dustbin attitude in .psychiatric 
’ probfemV with the schizoid, foe 
retarded andfoe neurotic aD in the 
same wart — and, what-V more, 
aU of them children — and such a 
honpr p er p et ra ted merely to save . of :.riwm; = saitqr civil 
ser v an ts dpes seem to be getting 


^Bat my finaf -reaction is to 
retimi to where l began. How is H 
that the Conservative government 
allows its . agents to make such 
mhumah'pubfic proposals? Is. it 
sheer inoarapetenoc^ Or art there 
so other ways of saving money? 

. . . Or is it something' woise - the 
, deliberate brutalization of $ens- 
foifity?Js k pajt of an insidious 
campaign tofoo$eir ihe bonds of 
rtspou^flity^betweriiihe • com- 
foxtsbte .majority andiheextrctiie 
tinfornmaferff {; > • T ■■ V > *: ;; 

- ' Since the war, a different, atti- 
tede — of tare,': obligation. ; con- 
;ceroT.has been the most marked 
denrelopraent of “Christian” feel- 
ings m « secular age. To fell back 
from that advance is a frightening 
retreat .■••• 

Thezatshvis amember of the SDP 
national Committee. r 

moreover . Miles Kington 

in a 

Those of my ofifer readers who 
remember the Westland affair (for 
younger' readers it was much like 
Guinness- ttsliifers business, with' 
Michael Hesdtine playing the part 
of AraH) may iertH one curious 
Kit of ibt whole farrago; the 
-moment when-; Mr Bristow 
cfeimed t6 have been offered a 
title if ^he- toed the • party line. 
Indignantly, he turned it down. 

Anyone > active in- public life 
rauri know exactly how he’ feds. 
One simply', gets • sick of being 
offered -titles -ihe -whole' -time. 
Hardly a week passes without the 
phone ringing -and seme Equerry 
Or other'insinuating that a knighz- 
bood or peerage might sweeten my 
■ tone-and hait my relentless attack 

depending "on who's phoningTT 
-usually put them on bold and. go 
out-uHuach. - 

•v Thistrecently led to a slightly 
embarrassing situation . when iny 
secretary, who had made one of 
her rare appearances in the office, 
took -the- call instead of me and 
accepted a tide for herself. She 
Spent' the whole afternoon insist-. 
. Ing-on being called Dame, until I t back to tire titles sorting 
office and havelt resdnded. - - 

But the calls have' not stopped. 
They osuafly come through -on a 
Thursday afternoon, just, as top 
civil servants are. abbot to set off 
to the country for the weekend. A 
silky voice., with that, educated 
tang of . Roget's ' Thesaurus 

nbbdia turned up in the first-doss - 
p6st, <fid'Soy f ’; or u How do you 
fancy The sound of Lord Kington 
of Could be the first posj- 
codeepeer, oJdTxty.'* 1 ' 

'. “Look" i »y, -Swe'rt Jiving to 
do some worfeljere. If you don't 
stop these phone -calls I shall 
inform foe. police. Surely there 
■ must; be some ambassador who 
hasn’t been knighted yet?- And 
what about Graham Greene?" : 

‘Graham Greene always refuses 
us. I'm afraid.” 

“Well, Gyles Brandreth, them” 

I say flippantly. • • - . 

does _ he,” says ■ foe voice 
sadly: ■ 

1 was stunned to hear that Gyles 
Brandreth had been offered a- 
knighthood, but it only eoes -fo 
show. The other day. 1 lane a 
penain r ministry, which I had 

fietter not name, to hear this 
recorded message: “The ministry 
is closed for foe weekend, I .am 
afraid, and wifi be reopening 
briefly on Monday. If you have 
rung about a title, please give the 
appropriate donation to foe party 
of your choice, leaving your name, 
address and foe title you are 
! aim mg at." 

- The thing is that -ft- costs foe 
government nothing, to gjve.a tide 
and. it gives the recipient's wife 
enormous . pleasure,, as she can 
now happily divorce him and still 
keep foe. ladyship. What it does for 
foe r ecjpiept I am pot sure, except 
perhaps get 'priority bookings- in 

I have to report, however, a 
sinister, development The other 
day that silky voice; the One - that 
had been through three public 
schools, rang me. up with a threat. 
4 *lfyou goon with this destructive 
and: frivolous journalism,” he 
said, “we shall be forced to give 
you an honour.” 

“Havervi you got ft the wrong 
way round?” I said. 

- ’ **Not at afl” came the' dry- 
cieaned voice. “We are pqw 
issuing knighthoods as a way id 
bringing people down. Think- of 
Freddie Laker. We made him Sir 
r reddie, and he went out of 
uwsmess. Think of Clive Sinclair. 
He W3& fine until wemide.hiai Sir 
t-uve, then it was disaster all the 
way. Think of . . . ” • . ■=:- ■■ 

• ^ 5weatfok “I 

do youwant me 
to dor ; ^ 

a sfart, no attacks . <» 

wiSS 0 * 1 ? >“*“«*• or else iCs a 
fc nitf hifiood for you.” 

I SIlYl - fle unii aab u* .* 

• • IXUO- 

pvece at §neat risk, and only after 
toraufgtioti wifo mt propri^tca’, 
r£z received a 

years ago; Itsufprised 
fir^ tte tune, as he .was 
expec ted to get a whacking great 
contract instead, 1 'hut lie 
now thinks they mixed him up 

S? s ??! eQr,e . e ^ se - HeJtas never 
fakenhis seat in the Lords, though' 

* fo friends dr 
I asked him if he could thmlfof 

Onlv nn» ” .-j- un > 

after all. 

^ jj ^ 

i?is - V 


MONDAY APRIL 28 1 986 

Ml - 



01-481 4100 

Until Wednesday last week 
_ x the life of every black man and 
. - woman in South Africa was 
governed by his passbook. It 
decreed where he could live, 
• work and che. . During the last 
40 years failure -to. carry -or 
. possess it sent ait estimated 10 
. million black South Africans 
: lo jaiL 

But influx control — the 
'■ jC afleaesq tie-maze of laws and 
. regulations. of which the- pass- 
book was the outward 
. most visible .sign — did not 
work. It was hideously ex pen- 
sive requiring the services of a 
vast . and mostly, hostile 
\ bureaucracy; it diverted the 

u police from, hunting criminals 

to chasing- pass offenders, thus 
casting them .for aJl time in the 
role of the oppressors" rather 
than the protectors of- other- 
: wise law-abiding citizens; and 
as the .. instrument of 
_ Verwoerdian apartheid' which 

decreed that blacks were tem- 
porary .’ sojourners in white 
South Africa, it was a constant 
reminder of their outsider 
status in ih eland of their birth. 

The damage it did was 
mcalccifable. For, as Pretoria 
.eventually admitted, nothing 
could stem the Third World 
tide to the cities where the 
promise if not the reality was a 
great deal brighter than life in 
overcrowded and 

inproverished homelands. 

And so finally, on Wednes- 
day last week, declaring influx 
control to be hurtful, wasteful 
and a failure. President Botha 
effectively abolished the pass 
laws. His announcement was 
at once greeted with. the. criti- 
cism of “too little, too late”. , 

It is certainly too late for the 
millions ^ who have been 
criminalised by the failure to 

l "■ 

cany a passbook and it is too 
: little for those who seek aoth- 
. ing less than an immediate 
- abdication of white rule. But 
'right up to the moment that 
they were abolished, the pass 
laws were regularly denounced 
as one of the cruellest im- 
positions. of apartheid. And it 
\ is both unhelpniland untrue to 
brush their abolition aside as 
. nothing more -than amimeie- 
- vant concession to black rage. 

A - promise to re-examine 
influx control some years ago 
led to the appointment of a 
government inquiry which 
was swayed by vigorous 
representations from South 
Africa's commerce and in- 
dustry to the effect that the 
system could not be 
“improved" only abolished. 
The decision to-do so was 
taken last year before radical 
black organisations, seeking to 
portray the move as a con- 
1 Cession, extorted by them- 
selves threatened to go on a 
pass burning spree: this May. 
Pretoria'sdelay in announcing 
-its decision is a reflection of its 
lamentable marketing. 

Those who have been long 
innured. to Pretoria's habit of 
promising more and 
delivering less, have reacted to 
the decision with their cus- 
tomary scepticism. But a list of 
the influx, control laws to be 
abolished indicates no fresh, if 
covert, plan to restrict black 
freedom of movement. 
Adriritttedly, residents of the 
“independent" homelands, 
.will not for the time being 
.enjoy the same mobility, .but 
this reflects not so much the 
South African Government’s 
fraudulent intentions as the 
fact that it is trapped by its 
homelands policy into respect- 


* The Treasury’s just-published 
poll on share ownership, 
which suggests it has spread to 
some 14 per cent of adults, has 
been received with a certain 

' amount: ofscepticism. This 
was to be expected. With', tins 
ppm "the Treasury’s estiniate of 
the number ’Wj.inctividual 
shareholders has dramatically 
doubled. At six million^ it is for 
higher /than the Stock 
' Exchange’s estimates. With 
due allowance for doubts, 
however, the poll does suggest 
that personal share owners 
have again become a signifi- 
cant minority. 

, . . This is a welcome develop- 

* raent which has occurred at 
encouraging speed. The Trea- 
sury poll is perhaps most- 
interesting when it presents 
evidence of the diversity of the 
new shareholders, both so- 
cially and geographically. At 
the same time, it raises ques- 
tions as to how this trend can 
best be encouraged further. 

For some of the purposes 
desired by Mrs Thatcher, un- 
der the mono ‘popular capital- 
ism’, it matters not at all which 
route to the accumulation of 
personal financial assets is 
chosen. Independence of the 
state, liberation from the 
threat of dependence on social 
security in old age, will be 
secured by an increase m 
personal • savings, whatever 
form it takes. The possession 
of a stream of personal income 
brings independence, just as 
the possession of\ physical 
property does. 

Yet there are purposes for 
which direct share ownership 
is desirable as an end in itself; 
and it is in the selection of 
these that the Government 
still needs to clarify its objec- 
tives. An equity stake provides 
an identity of interest between 
shareholders among the gen- 
eral public and managers in 

Sign of grief 

From Commander R. D. Wail 
RS. (Rei’d) 

Sir. In the maritime context mere 
is noth mg: obscure or mysterious 
about either the custom of wearing 
■flags ar half-mast or how they 
should be worn. 

Ships use flags , to convey a 
message. In ships of the Royal 
Navy ensigns are worn at_ half- 
; mast to indicate death, usually on 
the day of the funeral and only 
until the time of hnerment or, at 
sea. commitment “to tire deep”. It 
is also a mark of respect or salute 
to the deceased. 

The correct position is as de- 
scribed - at half-mast. The upper 
toggle or swivel, by which the flag 
is secured to the halliard, should 
be at the halfway mark between 
truck and heeL . . 

-.- The reason is to dispel doubt 
anv higher ix may be mistaken tot. 
sloppy hoisting or inattention to 
. stretched halliards; any lower the 
flv footer edge) of the ensign may 
fdui the guard rail and/or null 
plating. • 

- There is no connection between 
the custom of half-masting for. 
mounting and. as has been sug- 
gested. anv wartime mam oi a 

industry — something that has 
been signally lacking in British 
society. Many differences in 
economic attitudes between 
Britain and the United States, 
tmderfyriigriie more. enterpris- 
ing character of American 
.society,-can -be fraowl'tp tfie 
. greater spread of personal 
share ownershipin America: 

: Hie critical question, how- 
ever, is r the degree of personal 
involvement needed to create 
this desirable element of social 
cohesion. Must my. income 
depend heavily on the fate of 
two or three companies, or 
more vaguely on the profitabil- 
r ity of industry as a whole? 
Must it be closely linked to 
British companies? How can 
"thiy 'be - reconciled with my 
essential personal freedom to 
4 secure the best return on my 
savings? The Chancellor’s pro- 
posals for ’Personal Equity 
Plans', unveiled in the Budget, 
provide an interesting test 

- Managing a small share 
portfolio is an expensive as 
well as a hazardous business. 
Its new popularity, so hearten- 
ingly revealed by the Treasury 
survey, has undoubtedly re- 
ceived a stimulus from the 
coincidence of well- man a g ed 
privatisation and a bull mar- 
ket Attitudes to share-owning 
could easily turn sour if the 
bears came to dominate the 
stockmarket — an ever-present 
danger of which we had a 
gentle reminder last week. In 
. these circumstances, small 
shareholders may well feel a 
greater need to spread their 
risks. And if personal share 
ownership is to become some- 
thing more than an entertain- 
ing hobby, the smallest 
shareholder needs to be given 
this opportunity. 

At present, it seems, unit 
-trusts will riot be able to use 
the PEP route to rax advan- 

" victor wearing his national flag 
superior to that of the vanquished 
.on the same hoist- ; 

In harbour only, when HM 
ships wear the Union flag on the 
jack staff at the. stem, this too 
would be - half-masted concur- 
rently with the ensign aft 
"Yours faithfully, 

R. D. WALL, 

Wren Park Farm, 

Black Notiey, 



April 22. 

Stripping of grain 

From Mr CE Stremher 
Sir, John Young’s . “Science 
Report” (March 2A ) about a 
“new” grain harvester and the 
subsequent fetters (April 12) about 
the long history of this method of 
harvesting interested me. I am 
surprised, however, that no men- 
tion has been made of thatching 
.straw. . •*■... 

To bring the history of mechani- 
cal heading up to date, one must 
look to England,, where Douglas 
Bomford and F. W. McConnell 
pooled their design skills and post- 
war steel allocation to produce 
iheir “harvester threshers”. These 


ing the sovereignty ofits vassal 
states. Free entry into South 
Africa for their citizens, there- 
fore, will have to await the 
promised bilateral negotia- 
tions on dual citizenship. 

Thus, for once, scepticism 
about Pretoria's intentions 
fogs rather than promotes 
understanding of what is a 
fundamental reform. Indeed, 
if the sceptics of the Left refuse 
to recognise it as such, the 
legions on the Afrikaner Right 
(who have Cassandra’s gift of 
making prophecies that are 
accurate but disbelieved and 
who have so for been proved 
right in their estimate that 
reform would develop an ir- 
resistible momentum leading 
to' further reform) know only 
too well that it cannot be 
dismissed as cosmetic. For it 
strikes at the very foundation 
of apartheid — the imperma- 
nence of blacks in “white 
South Africa”. The abolition 
of the pass laws, as much as 
President Botha's promise of 
freehold title and the restora- 
tion of citizenship, must lead 
inexorably io the granting of 
further political rights to 
blacks whom Pretoria this 
week tacitly admitted lobe an 
integral part of South African 

That admission has been 
dismissed as inadequate by 
those who will be satisfied by 
nothing . less than a revolu- 
tionary transfer of power to the 
African National Congress and 
who deny the achievements of 
reform Ity constantly moving 
the goalposts. Those who be- 
lieve that reform remains a 
better choice than revolution 
should see the removal of the 
pa ss laws as one more useful 
step along the right road. 

rage, although investment 
trusts perhaps wflL There is a 
logical justification for this 
distinction in that investment 
trusts can themselves be seen 
as offering a form of personal 
share ownerships Both, how* 
ever* • raise : the same fun- 
damental questions. Both 
'Spread the risk -and therefore 
interpose themselves between 
foe personal investor and the j 
fete of " individual British I 
companies. The Chancellor I 
has to decide whether this . 
would dilute his intentions for | 
PEPs too much, or whether the i 
exclusion of such vehicles for 
savings would destroy the 
appetite for his new scheme. 

Since the tax advantages 
offered for PEPs are distinctly 
modest, it would be best to 
define their coverage as widely 
as possible. There is, however, 
one form of personal 
shareholding that mhst nec- 
essarily belmked to individual 
companies; a form that has 
been increasing most satisfac- 
torily and needs still further 
stimulus. That is employee 
share ownership. 

. For further developments in 
this area we await plans also 
touched on in the Budget: on 
new tax advantages for profit- 
sharing. The Chancellor 
should be urged to introduce 
these on a for more radical 
scale than the trickle of in - 
centives offered through PEPs. 
But he should also take care 
not to divert attention or 
resources from employee share 
ownership. So for as possible, 
the Chancellor’s proposals for 
linking profits and pay should 
build on existing schemes for 
providing remuneration in the 
form ofa stake in the company 
itself. It would be a long-term 
loss if one good new idea were 
to supersede another not yet 
out of its infancy. 

were manufactured by M.B. Wild, 
of Birmingham, and of various 
models only one, (the Trailed M. 
K. 50.. Pat, No. .655330, .1948- 
1950), was produced -in any quan- 
tity, and 40-50 were sold. 

These machines actually knock 
the ripe grain from the standing 
com, which is threshed by a drum 
and bagged. However, the by- 
product (or the main product if 
there is a poor crop of. Norfolk 
reed) is the standing straw, which 
can be harvested with a con- 
ventional hinder and used far 
thatching without the need for 
either a separate threshing or 
combing process. 

The drawback to the machine 
was that it could not cope readily 
with laid crops and despite experi- 
ments with rice harvesting in 
Indonesia, wasquickly superseded 
by the combine-harvester. One 
such machine exists in working 
order housed in some thatched 
form buildings at Alscot Park, 
near Stratford-on-Avon. 

Yours faithfully. 


86 Grove Road, 



April 15. 

Village schools 
under threat 

From Mr. C. J. Bunyan 
Sir, When Parliament gave the 
nod to the Education (School 
Premises) Regulations on July 10, 
1981, did they realise that, buried 
deep within it, was the kiss of 
death for hundreds of village 

In sub-paragraph 3 of paragraph 
3 of schedule 4 to regulation 5 was 
a provision that wjJl force local 
education departments either to 
close small schools or to spend a 
great deal or ratepayers* money on 
extending them unnecessarily. 

Regulation -8 specifies the mini- 
mum classroom space per child. 
For all categories of school this 
figure is denned on a per capita 
basis, except for schools with 80 
children or less. Most rural 
schools foil within this category. 
For them, there is a minimum 
space requirement pier head plus a 
fixed additional requirement of 70 
square metres regardless of the 
number of children. 

This discriminatory clause 
means that children who attend a 
school with 31 pupils (as my 
children do) officially require 
4.058 square metres each, whereas 
children at a school with 10 times 
as many pupils officially require 
only 2.24 square metres each. So 
Easton Royal School, which 
comfortably accommmodated 51 
children in the year when these 
regulations were passed by Par- 
liament, is now deemed to hie large 
enough for only 13! The same 
building, if part of a larger school, 
would officially hold 42 children. 

The Wiltshire Education 
Department, which for reasons of 
educational dogma dislikes small 
schools, has naturally seized on 
these regulations, which have to 
be acted on by 1991, as a excuse to 
close Easton Royal and merge it 
into a larger school some distance 

Hundreds of other village 
schools will suffer the same fote in 
the next five years as a direct result 
of this poisonous sub-paragraph, 
despite the opposition of parents, 
teachers, governors and local 

Yours faithfully, 


Meadow Cottage. 

New Mill, 

Milton Lilbourne, 


April 21. 

Grazing policy 

From Mrs Winifred Dixon 
Sir, In their pardonable enthu- 
siasm .for keeping ancient monu- 
ments looking tidy by feeing the 
sites out far commercfol grazing, 
the English. Heritage arm of the 
Department of the Environment 
may be doing more harm than 
good. The feet, of cattle blur the 
edges of earthworks and break up 
the soil, leading to erosion and to 
damage or dispersal of 
archaeological remains. 

For example, at Ludgershall 
Castle it is planned to pen bullocks 
in the southern ringwork where an 
unexcavated medieval hall Iks a 
few indies under the surface. 

The grazing , policy of English 
Heritage should be amended to 
take account of the damage likely 
to be done by heavy animals with 
large hooves. In brief; the motto 
should be: sheep, yes; cattle, no. ■ 
Yours faithfully, 


Highfield House, 

27Tk)wDrth Road, 




April 4. 

Cricket on TV 

From Mr EH. Vale 
Sir, In his review of the state of 
county cricket (April 22), written 
no doubt on a wet. cold day at 
Fenner’s, Richard S tree ton lists a 
number of matters in which lovers 
of the game are interested. 

Amongst these concerns are the 
covering of pitches, slow over 
rates, the numbers of one-day 
games, the length of county 
championship matches and the 
points and league table system 

1, too. feel that the promotion 
and welfare of the county 
championship is of paramount 
impona&ce to the wellbeing of 
English cricket and that it pro- 
vides the only form of com- 
petition for professional players 
which leads to improved stan- 
dards in Test matches; both games 
are the only true challenge to be 
found in the original unrestricted 
form of cricket. 

. May I suggest to the television 
companies, through your col- 

The chapel trail 

From Mr Christopher Steil 
Sir, Mrs Mason (April 12) need 
not navel as for as North Wales to 
satisfy her interest in cbapeUr, 
some of the oldest and best are on 
her own doorstep. Lancashire and 
Cheshire are exceptionally rich in 
chapels and meeting houses dating 
from the 17th century right up to 
the present time. . 

For those who wish to make a 
serious contribution to their study 
may I commend a recent publica- 
tion by the Council for British 
Archaeology, Haileujah! Record- 
ing Chapels and Meeting Houses , 
which draws attention to the 
importance of these buildings 
throughout the United Kingdom. 
Yours faithfully, 

(Chairman, Nonconformist 
Working Party), 

Council for British Archaeology, 

1 1 2 Kennington Road, SE1 1- 

Scholarships for royal birthday 

From Mr A. Christodou/ou and Mr 
P. B. Hetherington 
Sir, Professor Alec Ross (April 22) 
proposes, to celebrate her 
Majesty's 60th birthday, the in- 
auguration of Queen’s scholar- 
. ships for Commonwealth students 
and scholars at British universities 
and polytechnics; and he hopes 
that other Commonwealth coun- 
tries might be encouraged in 
similar enterprise. 

His proposal is altogether laud- 
able and, to our sure knowledge, 
entirety feasible. We should be 
happy to see such commemo- 
rative enlargement, in the name of 
the Head of the Commonwealth, 
to the provision already made 
throughout the Commonwealth 
by the Commonwealth Scholar- 
ship and Fellowship Plan For 
scholarship interchange between 
all pans of the Commonwealth. 

In this, the 26th year of the 
plan's existence, there are in 
Britain over 900 scholars and 
fellows, from nearly 40 Common- 
wealth countries, on awards of- 
fered by the Commonwealth 
Scholarship Commission in the 
United Kingdom; and as befits a 
scheme which is genuinely 
Commonwealth-wide in its pur- 
view and operation, Britain has 
nominated its own candidates for 
awards reciprocally offered by up 

Balance of power 

From Lady Grimond 
Sir, Few will disagree with Sir 
Reginald Hibbert (April 19) when 
he urges Europeans to get their act 
together and one is glad that when 
they do so the result is not always 
as idiotic as the decision to sell 
cheap butler to Libya. 

There will be more doubt 
whether Sir Reginald is right in 
suggesting that European re- 
actions to President Reagan's 
bombardment of Libya reflect 
their relative lack of power rather 
than their different perceptions of 
how to deal with terrorism. 

The Christian Science Monitor 
has described President Reagan's 
foreign policy in terms of the 
mono, “Run it up the flagpole and 
see if it flutters”. The wind that 
waves the flag of US foreign policy 
nowadays is very much a domestic 
breeze and it does not blow this - 
side of the Atlantic. Inevitably 
foreign policy powered by domes- 
tic considerations will run the 
danger of conflict with allies. 

In the particular matter of 
terrorism the attitudes of Europe- 
ans ought not to be dismissed as 
craven and self-seeking. Most of 
the European states in the EEC 
have themselves been victims of 
terrorist campaigns over a number 
of years, in more . than one 
instance actively assisted by Colo- 

A lawyer’s worth 

From Mr David J. Chinery 
Sir, Whilst I have every sympathy 
with my . colleague, Mr Bruno 
Mannorstein (April 22), he at least 
has the crumb of comfort of 
knowing that his application for 
payment has been received and 
dealt with, even if the net result is 
both derisory and insulting. 

In this town, in common with 
my fellow practitioners, I have 
been on standby and have been 
called out on at least one occasion 
every week since January 1. Not 
only have 1 received no payment 
whatsoever, I have not even had a 
bill assessed. 

The theory, of course, is that 
those of us with a substantial 
criminal practice stand to be 
called out anyway, and the rates of 
remuneration as duty solicitor are 
marginally higher than as own 

mans, that there may be a 
substantial potential audience 
who would enjoy seeing more than 
the current level of coverage of the 
three-day game. This is nonnaUy 
restricted to the final three balls of 
the winner’s last match of the 
season. Surely, a weekly edited 
highlights for 40 minutes or so to 
cover a couple of matches would 
find enough viewers to justify the 
cost of covering the games? 

Television need look no further 
than the Press to see bow isolated 
is their view that the county 
championship merits almost no 
coverage. Indeed, if the news- 
papers cut out their reporting of 
these matches Z suspect their 
circulation would suffer dras- 

The BBC had their hand forced 
over transmissions from the West 
Indies and I dearly hope that the 
public can do so again and 
persuade the TV moguls of the 
interest in the county champion- 

Yours faithfully. 

21 Lanftey Place, W14. 

Loss of Enrydice 

From Mr T. R. Lawrence 
Sir. L too, was intrigued by your 
“On this day” column in which 
you reprinted the report of March 
25, 1878, on the sinking of HMS 
Eurydice off the Isle of Wight. 

Not everybody seems to have 
been moved by the tragedy as 
Winston Churchill was (letter. 
April 19). There were those who 
cashed in on the disaster by 
manufacturing souvenir artefacts 
from parts of die wreckage. I have 
a tobacco box, inherited from my 
grandfather, bearing a small brass 
plaque inscribed “Eurydice sunk 

Yours faithfully, 


24 Elleray Court 
Ash Vale, 



April 21. 

to 14 sister countries of the 

The Commonwealth scholar- 
ship scheme is the very embodi- 
ment of practical and disinterested 
cooperation in Commonwealth 
education; during the life of the 
plan something like 12.000 of the 
Commonwealth’s brightest stu- 
dents and scholars have profited 
by the opportunity of advanced 
study in other countries of the 
Commonwealth. In this enterprise 
Britain's part has been the largest 
single element, but it is a part 
played in genuine and effective 
cooperation with the other coun- 
tries of the Commonwealth. 

That some way might be found 
of giving reality to Professor 
Ross's proposal would give us the 
greatest of delight, whether we sign 
ourselves as Joint Secretaries of 
the Commonwealth Scholarship 
Commission in the United King- 
dom, or as 

Secretary General, 

Deputy Secretary General 
(Commonwealth Awards & 

Association of Commonwealth 

John Foster House, 

36 Gordon Square, WC1. 

April 22. 

nei GadafFL They have chosen to 
fight terrorism by patient but 
dogged counter-measures both 
military and civil, and both in 
Ireland and in Spain have backed 
these up with political initiatives. 

It can be argued that though 
with regard to Libya Europeans 
may have dismissed the option of 
economic sanctions too readily 
and for the wrong reasons, much 
the same reasons have fed Presi- 
dent Reagan and Mrs Thatcher to 
refiise the option of sanctions 
against South Africa where they 
might persuade a reluctant gov- 
ernment to take the political 
action which alone can prevent 
the triumph of violence. 

The Lebanon, after years of 
Israeli attempts to counter terror- 
ism by punitive action, is no 
nearer peace, it is surely in the 
Middle East that the United States 
ought to make use ofits power and 
its unique position by building on 
the work so successfully started at 
Camp David. The reduction of 
Arab terrorism will only come 
about through the co-operation of 
the superpowers backed up by 
Europe in seeking and finding a 
solution w the problems of the 
Palestinians and to the security of 
Israel. " 

I am. Sir, yours etc; 


24 Priory Avenue, W4. ' " .' 

The reality is that at present we 
are not being paid the money from 
the Legal Aid Fund in respect of 
work undertaken and completed 
in good faith. In many instances 
delays in payment amounting to 
several months are not un- 

We read a lot about barristers 
threatening to refuse to undertake 
prosecutions on behalf of the 
Crown. If the present state of 
affairs persists, it is only a matter 
of time before even more firms of 
solicitors decline to accept instruc- 
tions involving remuneration 
from the Legal Aid Fund. The 
natural consequence is that a 
significant proportion of people 
will be unrepresented before the 
court. It is they who will suffer. 
Yours faithfully, 


Borneo Martell & Partners, 

40 Kingsley Park Terrace, 

Heritage fire risk 

From the Chairman of the British 
Automatic Sprinkler Association 
Sir, For years past this association 
has made continuous representa- 
tion to the Department of the 
Environment and the Home Of- 
fice, warning of the danger to our 
heritage buildings. 

After the York Minster fire we 
posed the question "which build- 
ing will be next?" and suggested St 
Paul's Cathedral or the Houses of 
Parliament as likely candidates. 
We were wrong — it was Hampton 
Court Palace. Where we were right 
was in the knowledge that the 
standards of protection to both 
property and me were lamentable. 
Surely no one can contradict this 

We have also made representa- 
tion to the Cultural Committee of 
the European Parliament, who are 
discussing natural disasters and 
the cultural heritage, and in these 
discussions it has been found that 
Britain lies for behind in the 
protection of its heritage build- 
ings. Overseas countries protect 
theirs with automatic sprinkler 
systems which save both life and 
property. Until we take the same 
approach, further national trag- 
edies are inevitable. 

Yours faithfully, 

R. T. GLADWIN, Chairman, 
British Automatic Sprinkler 

PO Box 207, 

128 Queen Victoria Street, EC4. 
April 24. 

Way of Wren 

From the Dean of Lincoln 
Sir, . Has the Secretary to the 
Georgian Group (April 19) never 
seen the north walk of Lincoln's 
medieval cloister, “redesigned as 
of today” in 1674 by Wren 

Yours faithfully, 


Dean of Lincoln, 

The Deanery, 


April 19. 

APRIL 28 1937 

In the history of the Spanish Civil 
War the bombing of Guernica by 
the German Air Force — which 
saw it as a testing ground — nos 
seminal significance. Over 1,600 
people were killed and hundreds 
injured. Condemnatory world 
opinion prompted the Nationalists 
to claim that the bombs had been 
dropped by Republican aircraft 
and that the fires were the work of 
arsonists in the town. Our Special 
Correspondent was George 
Lowther Steer, one of the paper’s 
most distinguished war 
correspondents, who was killed on 
actiiv service at the age of 36. 

From Our Special 
BILBAO. April 27 

Guernica, the most ancient town 
of the Basques and the centre of 
their cultural tradition, was com- 
pletely destroyed yesterday after- 
noon by insurgent air raiders. The 
bombardment of this open town far 
behind the lines occupied precisely 
three hours and a quarter, during 
which a powerful fleet of aero- 
planes consisting of three German 
types. Junkers and Heinkel bomb- 
ers and Heinkel fighters, did not 
cease milMiiing on the town bombs 
weighing from 1,0001b. downwards 
and, it is calculated, more than 
3.000 two-pounder aluminium in- 
cendiary projectiles. The fighters, 
meanwhile, plunged low from 
above the centre of the town to 
machine-gun those of the civilian 
population who had taken refuge in 
the fields ... 


In the form of its execution and 
the scale of the destruction it 
wrought, no less than in the 
selection of its objective, the raid 
on Guernica was not a military 
objective. A factory producing war 
material lay outside the town and 
was untouched. So were two .bar- 
racks some distance from the town. 
The town lay far behind the lines. 
The object of tbe bombardment 
was seemingly the demoralization 
of tbe civil population and the 
destruction of the cradle of the 
Basque race. Every fact bears out 
thiB appreciation, beginning with 
the day -when the deed was done. 

Monday was the customary mar- 
ket day in Guernica for the country 
round. At 4.30p.m., when the 
market was full and peasants were 
still coming in, the church bell rang 
the alarm for approaching aero- 
planes . . .' ' 

Five minutes later a single 
German bomber appeared, circled 
over the town at a low altitude, and 
then .“dropped- six heavy bombs, 
apparently aiming for the station. 
The bombs with a . shower . of 
grenades fell on a former institute 
and on bouses and streets sur- 
rounding it. The aeroplane then 
went away. In another five minutes 
came a second bomber, which 
threw tbe same number of bombs 
into the middle of the town. About 
a quarter of an hour later three 
Junkers arrived to continue the 
work of demolition, and thencefor- 
ward the bombing grew in intensi- 
ty and was continuous, ceasing 
only with the approach of dusk at 
7.45. The whole town of 7,000 
inhabitants, phis 3,000 refugees, 
was slowly and systematically 
pounded t o piec es . . . 


It is impossible to state yet the 
number of victims. Jn the Bilbao 
Press this morning they were 
reported as “fortunately small." 
but it is feared that this was an 
understatement in order not to 
alarm the large refugee-population 
of Bilbao. In the hospital of 
Josefinas, "which- was- one of the 
first places bombed, all the 42 
wounded militiamen, it sheltered 
were killed outright In a street 
leading downhill from the Casa de 
Juntas I saw a place where 5b 
people, -nearly all women and 
children, are said to have bear 
trapped in an air raid refuge under 
a maas of burning wreckage. Many 
were killed in the fields, and 
altogether the deaths may run into 
hundreds ... 

_The rhythm of this bombing of 
an open town was, therefore, a 
logical one: first band grenades 
and heavy bombs to stampede the 
population, then machine -gu nnin g 
to drive them below, next heavy 
and incendiary bombs to wreck the 
houses and burn them on top of 
their victims. 

The only counter-measures the 
Basques could employ, for they do 
not possess sufficient aeroplanes to 
face the insurgent fleet, were those 
provided by the heroism. of the 
Basque clergy. These blessed and 
prayed for the kneeling crowds— 
Socialists, Anarchists, and Com- 
munists. as well as the declared 
faithful in the crumbling dugouls . . 

Busy old bees 

From The Chairman of the British 
Beekeepers ’ Association 
Sir, Dr Hal lam (April 23) drew 
attention to some important bene- 
fits of bee products of the populace 
of the eleventh century. It is 
surprising that she omitted to 
mention mead, which was made 
■from honey and was the only 
al cholic beverage widely available 
to the peasants. 

More surprising is Dr Hallam's 
interest in a comparison of the 
productivity of the average 
Domesday drone with his modem 
counterpart. The lazy yawning 
drone, as described by Shake- 
speare in Henn> F. produces 
neither wax nor honey. His single 
function in the bee colony is to 
mate with a young virgin queen, 
should the opportunity arise. 
Yours faithfully. 

H. R. C. RICHES. Chairman. 
British Beekeepers’ Association.' 

2 South Approach, Moor Park. 
Nonhwood. Middlesex. 




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April 26: The Queen and The 
Duke of Edinburgh, Pairon. this 
evening attended the 40th 
Anniversary Reunion of the 
Burma Star Association ai the 
Royal Albert Hall. 

Her Majesty and His Royal 
Highness were received by the 
President. Royal Albert Hall (Sir 
Kirby Lairtg). the President of 
the Association (the Viscount 
Slim) and the Chairman (Air 
Vice-Marshal Sir Bernard 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh were joined by the 
Lord Bra bourne and the Count- 
ess Moumbattcn of Burma. 

An Act of Remembrance was 
conducted by the Reverend 
Canon D. Landreth (Chaplain 
to The Queen) and the Rev- 
erend H. Slater. 

The Couniess of Airiie. Mr 
Kenneth Scott and Lieutenant- 
Colonel Blair Stewart-Wilson 
were in attendance. 

April -7: The Duke of Edin- 
burgh. Patron, this morning 
reviewed the Burma Star 
Association's Annual Remem- 
brance Parade on the Horse 
Guards Parade and. afterwards, 
took part in the Association’s 
Ceremony at the Cenotaph. 

Captain Ian Gardiner. RM. 
was in attendance. 

His Royal Highness. Trustee 
of The Prince Philip Trust 
Fund, this evening attended a 
Royal Variety Show at the 
Theatre Royal. Windsor, in aid 
of The Prince Philip Trust Fund 
(Windsor and Maidenhead) and 
the Bud Flanagan Leukaemia 

His Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by" Her Majesty's Lord- 
Lieutenant for the' Royal 
County of Berkshire (Colonel 
the Hon Gordon Palmer) and 
the Mayor of Windsor and 
Maidenhead (Councillor R 

Squadron Leader Timothy 
Finneron was in attendance. 

On behalf of The Queen. The 
Duke of Gloucester was present 
at Royal Air Force Benson this 
afternoon upon the arrival of 
the aircraft conveying the Re- 
mains of the Duchess of 

By command of The Queen. 
Her Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant 

of the City of Edinburgh (Dr 
John McKay, the Right Hon the 
Lord Provost) was present at 
Edinburgh Airport this after- 
noon upon the departure of the 
Governor-General of Canada 
and bade farewell to Her Ex- 
cellency on behalf of Her 

April 26: The Prince of Wales 
this morning attended the 
Bildcrbcrg Conference at 
GIcneagles. Perthshire. 

April 26: The Duchess of KenL 
Pairon. this evening attended a 
concert in aid of the Edward 
Boyle Memorial Trust at Bir- 
mingham Town Hall. 

Her Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight, was attended by 
Miss Sarah Partridge. 

April 27: The Duke of Kent. 
President of the Scout Associ- 
ation. today ai tended The 
Queen's Scout Parade and Ser- 
vice at Windsor Castle. 

Sir Richard Buckley was in 

The President of Zambia is 62 

Lady Helen Windsor, daughter 
of the Duke and Duchess of 
KenL is 22 today. 

Queen Anne-Marie of the Hel- 
lenes gave birth to a boy on 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Dr Alastair (Sandy) 
MacKenzie will be held at St 
Paufs. Knigbtsbridge. at noon 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Sir lain Stewart will be 
held at St Paul’s. Knightsbridge. 
Wilton Place, SWl. on Wednes- 
day, April 30. at 11. IS am. The 
internment of ashes will lake 
place during the service. 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Dame Jocelyn 
Woollcombe. former Director. 
WRNS. will be held in St 
Stephen's Church. Rochester 
Row. London SWl. at noon on 
Thursday. June 12. Applications 
for tirkeis should be sent to: 

The Secretary. (TS). .Association 
of Wrens. I A Chesham Street, 
London. SW|X 8NL. enclosing 
a stamped addressed envelope, 
bv Fridav. May 16. 

Oratory School 

Summer Term at the Oratory 
School begins today. The school 
captain is S. T. M. Pike. Captain 
of cricket is A. L Sims. Open 
day will be on Saturday. May 3 1 . 
followed by half-term until June 
4. Term ends on July 1 1. The 
Archbishop of Birmingham has 
been appointed a Vice-President 
of The Oratory School Associ- 
ation and will celebrate Mass at 
the school at 6.30pm on the 
Feast of i he .Ascension. Dr R. W. 
Sloper has succeeded Mr T. B. 
McIntyre as housemaster of the 
junior house. 


The infant son of Mr and Mrs 
Peter Demetriadi was chris- 
tened James Paul Christian 
Erskine at All Saints' Church. 
Brandeston. by the Rev Roger 
Dixon. The godparents are: Mr 
Giles de Margary. M Olivier 
Bodson (for whom Colonel 
M.A. Demetriadi stood proxy) 
and Miss Antonia Demetriadi. 


Garrick Club 

Mr George Malcolm Thomson 
was the guest of the members of 
the Garrick Club at its annual 
dinner held last night. Mr Nunc 
Willcox presided and Sir Ed- 
ward Pickering also spoke. 

Birthdays today 

Mr Ian Beer, 55: Mr Michael 
Breariry. 44; Baroness Carnegy 
of Lour". 61; Commandant Eliza- 
beth Craig-McFeely. 59: Miss 
Angna Enters. 79; Mrs Odette 
Hallowes. GC. 74: Mr Justice 
Leonard. 60: Ear] Lloyd George 
of Dwyfor. 62: Sir Hugh Lock- 
han-Mummery. 68: Baroness 
Lucas of Crudwdl and Ding- 
wall. 67; Mr Alistair Maclean, 
64; Mr J.L. Thom 61: Rear- 
Admiral R3. WcJlby. 80; Mr 
Garfield Weston. 59; the Ven 
Sam Woodhouse. 74. 

Ibstock Place 

The Old Ibsionian's annual 
reunion meeting and buffet will 
be held at Ibstock Place School 
on Wednesday. May 7. at 
7.30pm. Please apply to the 
school. Clarence Lane. 
Roehampton. SWI5 5PY. leh 
01 876 9991, by May i 

Latest wills 

Dr William Alwyn. of 
Blythburgb. Suffolk, the com- 
poser of film scores and sym- 
phonic music, left estate valued 
at £325.625 net. 

Wicks. Mr Edwin Jack, of 
Gosfield. Essex X726J2S 

Clifford Longley 

Woman bishop would be a centre of 
disunity, says bishop 

The Bishop of Chichester. Dr Eric 
Kemp, has endorsed the Bishop of 
London's warning that the Anglican 
Church may split over the issue of 
women's ordination. 

He says in his latest diocesan newslet- 
ter that “some form of separation would 
seem inevitable” if the American Epis- 
copalian Church persisted with its plan 
to consecrate a woman bishop. 

The Bishop of London, Dr Graham 
Leonard, was the only bishop of the 
Church of England to have spoken 
publicly about the danger, but “it would 
be a mistake to suppose (hat he is alone 
in his anxiety". -Dr Leonard speaks fora 
number of other bishops. Dr Kemp 

His argument is that a bishop is a 
centre of unity in the church, white a 
woman bishop would be a centre of 
disunity. She would not be recognized 
by many other bishops, nor would any 
ordinations she might perform be 
regarded as valid by them. 

Leaders of the American church have 
already notified the rest of the Anglican 
Communion that they wish to appoint a 
woman to their ranks. This led the 
Bishop of London to declare that such a 
step would threaten Anglican unity. 

Meanwhile the Bishop of Southwark, 
the Right Rev Ronald Bowlby, has 
warned his diocesan synod that the 
Church of England faces a “hot 
summer” ahead, with the issue of 
women's ordination figuring in church 
controversy in several ways. He urged 
the church not to be frightened of 
conflict, which was nothing new in the 
church and which could be an occasion 
for growth. He has long been known as a 
leading supporter of female ordination. 

Many such supporters took part in a 
warm-hearted and enthusiastic celebra- 
tion of women's ministry in Canterbury 
Cathedral a week ago. attended by 
women priests from various parts of the 
Anglican Communion abroad. It was 
not a “campaigning” meeting, as the 

advocates of female ordination know 
that they cow hold the high ground in 
the argument, and that is their oppo- 
nents who are on the defensive. 

From the perspective of the. Move- 
ment for the Ordinatin of Women the 
onlv question left is “when?" . They may 
be reluctant to plunge the church into a 
ruinous schism, but there is an evident 
sense of growing frustration in their 

The Bishop of Southwark s contribu- 
tion could conceivably become the basis 
for a deeper examination of the ques- 
tion of conflict in church history, which 
may throw much needed light on the 
predicament which hangs over the 
Church of England. 

The idea he opposes, that Christianity 
must necessarily require the avoidance 
of conflict or of hurt to one’s opponents, 
is hardly born out it is a contemporary 
kind of Christian wetness. However, 
the hurt has usually done lasting 

Those whose campaign for change in 
the church was successful were (hose 
who were sufficiently ruthless. Those 
who successfully resisted it were ruth- 
less too. And the hurts of the van- 
quished usually healed into a scar, 
whose permanent embodiment was a 
new Christian denomination, with its 
own myths, grievances, and creed 
(usually a statement of protest justify- 
ing the' recent breach). 

If those favouring the ordinating of 
women in the Church of England are to 
succeed, they have to be prepared, to 
drive the bishops of London, Chiches- 
ter. and others, into the cold. American 
Anglicans did. 

But this contradicts some of the 
values that the movement for women 
priests represents; for instance, that 
power games are male games, and what 
the church needs is a healthy dose of the 
feminine virtues of tolerance and 

Christian feminism in the Church of 
England is heavily influenced by Jung- 

ian distinctions between masculine and 
feminine principles ioo much maleness 
in the church ministry is held to lead to 
too much “masculinity 1 ", and therefore 
needs a balancing injection of female 
ministry, so that male and female 
together make For wholeness. 

In .this construction, those males in 
the church who are resisting the 
ordination of women are hanging on to 
a distorted ministry: they are, Jungans 
would say. frightened of the feminine 
side in their own nature. And undoubt- 
edly there is a kind of "cam p" misogynv 
in certain circles in the Church of 
England, lending support to this foeoo- 

This self- imposes an inhibition on ine 
movement for women priests: it cannot 
act tough in the cause of tenderness. It 
also raises questions about the basic 
motivation behind iL for if this Jungian 
picture of human nature is untrue - and 
it is not exactly proved or provable - the 
ministry of the church needs defending 
from iL not aligning to it. 

The other lesson from the history of 
conflict in the church is that it often 
starts with the impact on religious belief 
of an alien idea. non-Christian in origin. 
The conflict process is the process of 
digestion and testing, to see whether the 
idea should be let in or thrown out. 

Often the church got it wrong at first, 
and only slowly realized its mistake. 
Sometimes the alien idea is gradually 
discovered to be a useful additional 
piece of knowledge, and doctrine is 
adjusted accordingly. Sometimes the 
church has been quite right to refect iL 

In this case, Jungian insights into 
human nature are that alien idea, 
pressing for acceptance. It is, however, 
not without its own logical and psycho- 
logical weaknesses. Most psychiatrists 
who are not paid-up Jungians seem to 
treat it as about half true. And as a 
matter of genera] observation, it is by; no 
means obvious that some psychological 
characteristics are genetically male or 
female. There is tautological flavour to 
the reasoning. 


Oscar-winning actor of 
stage and screen 

Appointments in 
the Forces 

Koval Navy 

CAPTAINS: R M Dutttetd to NA 
Brasilia. June 9. A K Potter to NA 
Ottawa RNIO BDLS Ottawa ana 
Howard in Cmd. Atm 14: 8 D Saiwey 
to ctncnorih. Sppi Ufiln rank ot core. 
StfDi 6. and whlal. 

COMMANDERS' R M Bear* as Cdr 
W E Dranmq. CXI 17: P Botes lo Ark 
Royal Mat 18: R A HiqMon to MOO 
/London >. Sevt 2Cr. R B Low as Sec to 
CFS. Snpl 25: R J Upptelt IO Amazon 
in Cmd. A us 16: S Lyons lo MOO 
< London i. Ain 12: A J Morrtcc lo 
Ctncnas home. July 29: O J A NraJon 
IO CNU'SE. Oct 7: J Owens lo 
catenas home. July 22: B B Perowne 
IO CBNS Washuujion. Nov 14. 

Crvan lo MOO (London). Av*J 22. 

Surgeon commander (dc e j 

Grant to Naval Dental dime. London. 
Sepl 26. M O Hocking to Cocnnme. 
Seol I. w R Lock on EXCtl with USN. 
Oci 6. 

The Army 

MAJOR- GENERAL: G 8 Fauna to 
be Ch JSLO Bonn. April 28. 

BRIGADIERS: JAP Russell lo be 
Comd HQ 2 Sin Bde. June 2: Rita 
Hennewy lo oe Director or Defence 
Nursing Services. Daren or of Nursing 
Sen ices Army and Matron -tn-Ctoef 
Quern Alexandra's Royal Army Nun- 

■no Corps. April 28. 
colonel: p Goidney to MOD. May 

2 . 

Butler. RAPC lo MOD. April 2B: J A 
Cooper. RE lo MO O. June 1: R B 

DadsweU. RCT lo UNFICYP. April 
D MoF Ha thorn. ACC. lo be CO 

Bn ft Dep ACC. 

Munftery. ft Stonats 

Regt. April 28: T D A VdldL 
Anglian, to be CO Belize Def Force 
April 2d. MB Walker. AAC lo MOO. 
April 28: J WWdowson REME. to 
HEME Data Centre. April 28: G J 
Yeoman. RCT to be CO HO 20 
M artbnie Heel AXHU 2B. GM YoulL 
RRF lo be Con«a Army School Of 
Recruiting. AorU 28: E A M Graham. 
A St SH. lo BMATT Zimbabwe. May 
S: OP Hughes. R Sfgnais to HQ BFFL 
AorU 28. 

April 28: 

J P 

lo be CO 29 Sg 

Royal Air Force 


” VrtNC C^MANtJERS: C J Strang 
to OASC Btogin HJU. April 28: J R 
Leg!) -Smith to HQSTC. May 2: O T 
McCann to Vienna. May 2JT T Wallis 
to MOO. April 28-. J H Easton to 
MOD. April 21: T J Film lo RAF 
Lvncfuun. AorU 25: A J H AJcock to 
hq RAF Germany. April IS: E W 
Word to HQ II Gl> April 25: B S 
Morris to RAF Cuieratelt. April 28: M 
D Tones to MOD. Ann] 25; W A 
Newman to MOD. Aped 25: R C Tong 
to RAF PMC. April 21: M E Wadley to 
RAFSC BracknelL April 21~ 


Latest appointments include: 

Judge John Arthur DaLriel 
Owen. QC, and Mr Denis 
Robert Maurice Henry. QC, to 
be judges of the High Court 
assigned to the Queen's Bench 

Mr Robert Joseph Southan to 
be a circuit judge on the South- 
eastern circuit. 

Mr Anthony Terence Hoolahan, 
QC. to be a Social Security 

Mr J.E.C. Macrae, Ambassador 
to Senegal, to be additionally 
Ambassador (non-resident) to 
Mauritania, in succession to Mr 
P.L O'Keefe, who has taken up 
a new appointment in London. 

Mrs Susan Fey, Vic^-Principal 
of Tower Hamlets Adult Educa- 
tion Institute, to be principal of 
Moriey College from Septem- 
ber. on the retirement of Mr 
Barry Till. 

Service luncheon 

The Royal Hampshire Regi me nt 

General Sir David Fraser. Colo- 
nel or The Royal Hampshire 
Regiment, presided at a lun- 
cheon held on Saturday at 
Lucknow Barracks. Tidworth, 
by the officers of the regiment 
and their ladies. 

Service reception 

The Lancashire Fusiliers 
The annual Gallipoli 
commemoration service was 
held in the Parish Church. Bury, 
yesterday. The salule at the 
march past was taken by Colo- 
nel I.R. Cartwright, Deputy 
Colonel (Lancashire), The 
Royal Regiment of Fusiliers. A 
reception was held afterwards at 
the Castk Armoury, Bury. The 
guests included: 

Tl* High Sheriff c t Greater Manches- 
ter. the mayors of Bury. Salford. 
Rochdale. Bon on. St Helens and 
TraffonL Mr J O'Connell. Mr AdsiaJr 
Bun. MP. and Mr Ibvld Suznberg. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr P. A. Fizfa 
and Miss E. J. M. Rawting 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul elder son of the 
late Mr Gunther Fvna and Mis 
Rosemary Walker, of Ludham. 
Norfolk, and Emma, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs -Mi- 
chael Rawting. of Croydon. 

Mr D. J. Kensard 
and Miss E. N. Ross 
The engagement is announced 
between David KennanL of 
Maida Vale, London, and Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Mr and Mrs H. 
E. T. Ross, of PlaxioL Kent. 

Mr S. D. Lewis 
and Miss J. White-Gaze 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, son of the late 
Mr M_ H. L Lewis and of Mrs 
D. P. Lewis, of Uley, 
Gloucestershire, and Jane, 
daughter of the late Mr P. W. 
White-Gaze and of Mrs N. E. 
White-Gaze, of Sidlesham, 

Mr L M. McVhtj 
and Miss H. J. Malcolm 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian, only son of Mr and 
Mrs M. F. S. McVitty. of 
Burges HilL Sussex, and Hilary, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J. G. 
Malcolm, of Berkhamsled, 

The Rev L D. Tweed k-Snrirh 
and Miss C. S. Greaves 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian. son of Mr and Mrs 
P. Tweedie-Smirb. of Fleet. 
Hampshire, and Celia, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs N. Greaves, of 

Mr R. D. P. M. Yorker 
and Miss P.J. Stocks 
The engagement is announced 
between Rupert, second son of 
Mr J. H. S. M- Vereker, of 
Grenville Place. London. SW7, 
and Mrs V. A. V. Vereker. of 
Corsham. Wiltshire, -and Phi 
lippa. daughter of Mr and Mrs J. 
C. G. Stocks, of West 
Bagborough, Somerset- 

Mr R. P. Watson 
and Miss W. P. Ffoud 
T he Engagement is announced 
between Philip, son of Mr and 
Mrs R.H. Watson, of Bognar 
Regis, and Wendy, elder daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs DJ. Fream, 
of Bristol. 

Dr J. A- G. Williams 
and Miss J.CM. An&Kstead 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan, son of Mrs 
M.G. Williams and the late Dr 
DAG. Williams, of Dallington, 
Northampton, and Jane, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mis MSt H. 
Armitstead, of Presteigne. 

Mr J. W. B. Mee 
and Miss L. Wright 
The engagement is announced 
between James, younger son of 
Mr and Mis J. B. Mee. Bentley 
Hall, Coal Aston. Sheffield, and 
Linda, only daughter of Mr and ■« >r ^ 

Mrs D. A. Wright, 3 Thorocliffe JYuUTiageS 
Lane, Chapel town, Sheffield. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

H a Em + 15% VAT 

I minimum 3 lines! 
Announorau. auihenikaud b> (be 
name and permanent address of the 
sender, may be sent to: 

P0 BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
London El 

or telephoned (by telephone subs- 
cibcre onK) lo: 01-411 3824 

Announcement* can he received by 
(deplume bciwtcn 4.00am and 
i Jllpin Monday 10 Friday, on Satur- 
day between G.Qibin and 12 noon. 
101-491 4080 Drill. For publicauon the 
following day phone by 1.30pm. 


etc on Court and .Social Page £6 a fas 
* 15% VAT. 

Court and Social Page 
announcements can noi he accepted 
to telephone. Enquiries lo: 81-822 
9953 latter JOJOaml. or send lo 1. 

to aaia jMn Stmt, laoriM El. 

Ye ihal make mention ot ibe 
LORO, keep not -nicnec. 

Isaiah 62. 6 


CLARKE - On April l8tftroKaren<nee 
Stanburyi and lames, a daughter Ju- 
lia. a sister (or EmUy and Lucy. 

OCAKM on Sunday April 20th. al Nor- 
wich. to Susie (mie Dun on i and 
Charles, a first son. Edward Charles 
No ma. 

FE R GUS S OW - On 22nd of AprU. at 
Ayrshyre Central Hospital, to 
Merryn infe Bartholdi and Alex, a 
s on. Ch ristopher David Onslow 

FOSTER on 18th April at St Marys 
Padding! on. to Anthea (nee 
SajTunonsi and Christopher, a son 
Piers Oenfandn. a brother for 

HUDSON - On Sl George's day at Ox- 
ford lo Ruth infe Manderi and 
Richard, a daughter. KaUierlne 
Marven. a aster for Sebastian and 

24th. to Julia infe Robfnsoniand An- 
drew. a daughter. Rosanna Sophia, a 
st sier for James'. 

OUSTED on llth April at St Paul’s 
Hospital. Cheltenham, lo Jean mee 
Terry* and Martin, a daughter. Fe«c- 
Uy Ann. a shier for EttzaUeUi and 

Roe - On the £!« cl April 1986 to 
Scnia and David, a son. Dominic 
Charles, a brother (or James and 

SHUJJNC - On 22nd April 1986 at 
Queen Charlotte's, to Cathy (nfe 
OTCetUl and Mike, a iburiilir 
Rebecca Elizabeth. 

SOU.V-n.OM> On April 20th 1986. in 
Ottawa, lo Jane mee Meagheri and 
Miles, a son Ware Peter Bennetu. 

TOBEY - On 21sl April in Hanover, to 
Katie mee Chavassei and David, a 
son. Angus Edward. 

WHITING - On 12 April, to Susan mee 
Jones i and John, a daughter. Caro- 
lyn Anne. 

WAfimffilttfT - To Joe * Helen mee 
Bishop i a daughter Jennifer Alice 
Amy on April 22nd. Grateful thanks 
to all staff at Bristol Malenuty 


BARD On Thursday 24th April 1986 
peacefully at Charing Cross Hospital, 
brave Allan Shard. Captain Royal 
Navy M.I.E.E.. M.l-Mech. E. aged a*. 
Beloved elder son of John and Mar- 
garet. Truly loved husband of 
Rachel, dear and loving father of An- 
drew. Emma and Jane, our rock. 
Staunch brother of Roger. All very 
welcome to Memorial Service al 
2.00pm on Friday 2nd May at 
H MS. Collin gw ood. Fareham. 

Hams, followed by private cremation 
at Portchesier Crematorium. Family 
dowers only but all donations please 
lo Cancer Research, c. o JNO Steel. 6 
Chestl SL. Winchester. Hants. Dorrn- 
nus fecit 

CALDWELL on April 2SUi 1986. 
peacefully In hospital. Susannah 
Marion, widow of George Wilfrid. 
Funeral Mass at St. John's Church. 
Scvenoaks on Wednesday 30th AprU 
at 11.30am. Bunal at SL Andrew's 
Church. Lower Bebington. 
Merseyside on Frioay 2nd May. Cut 
flowers lo W. Hodges & Co. 37 Quak- 
ers Hall Lane. Sevenoaks. Kent or F. 
R. Kirk ft Son Ltd. 20 The village. 
Bebmgton. Wirral. Merseyside. 

COWER. Denis Joseph. O.B.E. DL_ On 
April 2 «m. beloved husband of 
Welle, father and grandfather, of 
East Famdon Manor. Market 
Harborougfi. Private funeral Memo- 
rial service on Monday May 12th - 
details lo be announced later. Famtly 
flowers only, but donations if de- 
sired. In aid of King Edward VU 
Hospital for Officers and Cancer Re- 
search. c/0 Barclays Bank pic. High 
Street. Market Harborough. Lacs. 

DAY on 28lh April. Henry diaries 
Day MBE of Old Road. Chesterfield, 
beloved husband of Ruih and father 
of Alan. Kathleen and Rosemary. 
Peacefully after a long illness. Funer- 
al: Old Brampton Church. 

Chesterfield 12 noon Wednesday 
300i April Family flowers only. Do- 
nations if desired to Church fund. 

DYKES. On 2Sth April, peacefully at 
home. Doreen (nee Bruce-Canmeri. 
devoted and adored wHe of Paul and 
much loved by her family. Daphne. 
Sheila, son-in-law Michael and her 
grandchildren. All enquiries to Har- 
nr Williams ft Sons. Cambridge 
369480. Family flowers only. 

EDflfCH- On April 34th 1986. sudden- 
ly. william Ednch. (BUI) aged 70 
years, dearly loved husband of Mary 
and father of Jasper end Justin. Ser- 
vice al Sl Mary's Parish Church. 
Chesham. on Friday May 2nd. at 
1 1 -t5am. cremation thereafter pri- 
vate Please, no flowers. Donations If 
desired to Lords Taverners, e/o 
Cooks Funeral Service. 72 Broad 
Street. Chesham, 

EDWARDS Gwenevere Mary on SSUt 
April 1986. WUe of Emrys and moth- 
er of John and Philip, cremation at 
Mon Lake Crematorium. London 
SWt 4 on Thursday. 1st May at 11 
am. immediate family flowers only, 
but If desired donations (o Artlultk: ft 
Rheumatism Council Research, c/o 
99a Holly Rd. Twickenham. 

FLANAGAN - on April 241b. peacefully 
al home. No rah. sister of Bin. Kate 
and Stella, stsier-intow of Kay and 
John. Requiem Mass on Thursday 
May 1st U.00 am. SL Dunstan's 
Church. Bourne End. Bucks. Family 
flowers only- bul donations tf de- 
sired. to Cancer Research. 

HAYNES - On 24th of April 1986 at 
Yeovil Hospiul Howard aged 80 
years. Retired Road Transport al 
General Accident Official, and later 
Insurance Broker. Funeral service al 
Sl Catherine's Church. Montacule on 
Thursday 1 st May at 2.30pm. fol- 
lowed by interment Family (towers 
only please, bul donations if desired 
(or Si Catherine's Church Fabric 
Funds, c oGH Cook ft Son (Funeral 
Directors; 8 1 1 Bond SL Yeovil, 
Somerset. 23463. 4. 

HICKS - On April 23rd suddenly at 
home. Colonel Arthur Lionel i Beni 
O.B.E.. M.A.. R.E . iRetiredi In hts 
76m year. Much loved busaand of 
Margu-et and father of Carole. Anne 
and Nigel. Funeral sendee 2.30pm 
Thursday. 1st May at Randalls Park 
Crematorium. Randalls Road. 
Leather hod. Surrey. Family flowers 
only please to L Hawkins ft Sons. 2 
Highlands Road. Leathertiead. Tct 

JONES on AprU 21st al 4 Bishop Wynn 

Close. Qy. Freda Lucy Elizabeth, 
dearly loved wife of Charts ft moth- 
er of Christopher ft Aldan. Formerly 
of Whittles! ord vicarage. Funeral al 
Ely Cathedral. 12 noon. AprU 29th. 
Cremation al Cambridge I pm. 
Thanksgiving service 3pm. Thurs- 
day May 1st al Whittlesford. Family 
flowers only. GUIs If wished to 
Friends of Eli’ cathedral or Sue Ry- 
der Home. Ely. 

LAKER - Jim. On April the 23rd in 
hospital, devoted and much loved 
Opapa igrandfamert io Jamae. Nicho- 
las. Laura. Joe and Patrick. 

LEGGE - Eric W. On April 24th 1986. 
In Perth. Australia, after a sudden 
attack of pneumonia. Adored hus- 
band and father. He will be sadly 
missed Funeral in ftorth April 29th. 

■SEACOCK Wilfred Vernon FCA. Aged 
60 of Newport. Gwent Peacefully al 
Penarth on Friday 25tn April. Dear- 
ly loved husband of Gertrude, 
beloved father of Nesia and the lair 
Many- grandfather of Stephen. 
Mauds’ and Anthony. Foughl he Hi- 
nes w«ft great courage and will be 
sadly missed by family and friends. 
Bless you dad. 

- Ob April 3dm 1986 peace- 
fully at Mount Atverata Hospital. 
Gufldford. Eric, dearty beloved hus- 
band of Mary, devoted father of 
Jeremy and Nicholas. Funeral on 
Wednesday 30th of AprU at 2pm. 
Woktng Q -an a tortian. St John's. 
Woking. Surrey. Family flowers 
only. Donations IT desired to Dr 
White'S Cancer Research Fund. St 
Luke's Hospital. GuOdford. Surrey. 

PUGH - On the 24th of April 1986 to 
hospital. John Ctyn of Hartectu aged 
69 years. Sadly missed by an family 
and friends. Service on Tuesday 
29th of April at Bangor Crematorium 
at Ham. followed by memorial ser- 
vice and Interment al St Tanwg's 
Church. Harlech at 4pm. Family 
flowers only- Donations to rtther 
RS-PB or British Heart 

SMTH on April 22nd 1986 Frances 
Gwyneth. Widow of Rev. Lewis CJL 
Smith. Mother of Frances. John and 
Anne- Aged 89. Grandmother and 
Great Grandmother. Funeral Service 
on Thursday. May 1st. 12.45 pm ai 
St Michael and AH Angels Church. 
Bedford Park. wo. Family flowers 

TOBIAS - On AprU 24th at borne, sud- 
denly after a snort illness, professor 
Stephen Albert, of SeBy Park. Bir- 
mingham. Dearly loved husband of 
Stephanie, father of Martin and An- 
drew. father-in-law of Agatha, 
grandfather of Michael and Jennifer. 
Sadly missed. Cremation and funeral 
service at Lodge Hiu. Birmingham on 
Thursday 1st May al 2JOpm. No 
Bower*, no letters please. Donations 
If desired to the British Hea rt Foun- 
dation. National Westminster Bank. 
PO BOX 87. 103 Cobnore Row. Bir- 
mingham. B3 3NS. 

VASSAff-SMOTW on April 26th 
fully to hospital. Dr. Jack V, 
Smith, beloved husband Of Rebecca, 
dearly loved father of Vfrgtnfa and 
much loved grandfather of Jason 
and Marc. 

WAftBURG - James Widdringtan an 
22 April aged 75 suddenly at home 
In Norfolk. Husband of Margery and 
father of William and Catherine. M- 
vaie cremation. NO ftoweri- 


FAWN. Richard Dunc an . A Memorial 
Meeting for Duncan Faint wt u be 
held in rooms 7. 8 and 9 at Friends 
House. Eustoii Rd. London nwi on 
Monday lSttt May 1986 at 2 pm. 

STEWART, sir lain MaxwHL 
ihaidi going and inimrwm ser- 
vice will be betd al SI Bauiv. 
KmeMsbnw- iWUton Plow. 

SWl i on Wednesday. 30m 
April at II IS am 


BDtSGN Eunice Marie- Pauline. In ever 
toeing memory of darling NUdt who 
died suddenly on 28th April 1883. 
Ever in our thoughts. Owen and 

KETTLE • Beloved Ltaa - 23th April. 
Proud and loving memories of our 
dear daughter and sister. 

Mr R. P. SL Pearose 
and Miss V. A. Cooper 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, only son of Mr 
and Mrs George Penrose, of 
Melbourne House, Brigsley, 
Lincolnshire, and Virginia, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs John 
Cooper, of Acremead, Great 
Coates Road, Grimsby, South 

Mr P. R. Pfanmner 
and Miss F. J. Robinsoa 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs Ronald Plummer, 
of TicehursL Bast Sussex, and 
Fiona, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Malcolm Robinson, of 
Farnham, Surrey. 

Mr D. J. Robottma 
and Miss E. W. Leppink 
The engagement is announced 
between David Robottom, of 
Butler’s Cross, Buckingham- 
shire, and Betty, youngest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs GJ.H. 
Leppink, of Enschede, The 

Mr JJL Schneider 
and Dr FM Hey 
The engagement is announced 
between Jens, younger son of 
Mr Kurt Schneider and the late 
Mrs Gertrud Schneider, of 
Randburg, South Africa, and 
Fiona, youngest daughter of Mrs 
Kathleen Hey and the late Mr 
Brian Hey, of Menston. 

Mr R. G. Skeates 
and Mbs S. MiHiken 
The engagement is announced 
between Robin, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs A. C Skeates, of 
As hurst. West Sussex, and S&- 

Mr T. A. Mostyn 
and Miss £. Dax 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. April 26, in Oxford of 
Mr Trevor Mostyn. son of the 
late Sir Basil Mostyn, and of 
Mrs Anita Mostyn, and Miss 
Elizabeth Dax. daughter of Mr 
Peter Dax and Mrs Ann Dax. A 
family reception was held after- 
wards at the home of Sir Jeremy 
and Lady Mostyn in Lower 

Mr F. G. Brotbersten 
and Mrs P. Harper 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at the Chelsea Register 
Office of Mr Frank Brotherston 
and Mrs Patricia (Della) Harper. 

Mr J.HJF. Donlton 
and Mrs DtA- Nondl 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. April 26, or Mr John 
Doulton and Mrs Maij 
Nowell, both of Radley Col 

and Miss A. Venn 
The marriage look place on 
Saturday, April 26. al St Mary’s 
Church, Bury Si Edmunds, be- 
tween Mr Graham Piercy. son of 
Mr and Mrs R.W.B. Piercy, of 
West HagJey. Worcestershire, 
and Miss Amanda Venn, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs RJ. Venn, of 
Bury St Edmunds. The. Veiy 
Rev Raymond Furnefl 

The bride: who was given In 
marriage by her feihcr, was 
attended by Fiona Huckerby, 
Caroline Venn. Holly Macknll 
and Charlotte Dillingham. Mr 
Simon McDonagh was best 


... A reception was held at the 

rah. younger daughter of Mr and Angel Hotel, Bury St Edmunds, 
Mrs M. Mtllifeen, of Guildford, and the couple will be spending 
Surrey. their honeymoon in Europe. 

this week 


Today, 12 30): Brtibh 
(Borrowing Powgvl Bill. 


Tomorrow (2.501: Finance Bin, fee- 
one reading. 

Wednesday (2.50L PUMic Order BUL 
remaining stages 

Thursday i2.3ot: Debate on Oppo- 
sition motion Mi family and eemaa- 
rtlfy care 

Friday (9 30k Children and Young 
Persona (Amendmenu BUL remaining 


Today ra.SOfc Latent Damage am. 
resort stage. Housing (Scotland) bul 
committee. Armed Forces BOl. second 

Tomorrow < 2.30k G as But. commit- 
lee. second day. 

Wednesday i25o>: Debate on social 
effects ot Government policy. 
Thursday t3r Education BUI. commit- 
tee. Ioann day. 

Friday utK Debale on EEC maritime 

Service dinners 

MMS Hawkins 

Captain G.A. French, RN. pre- 
sided at the reunion dinner of 
HMS Hawkins (1942-45 
Commission) held at the Mer- 
chant Navy Hold. Lancaster 
Gate. On Saturday. 

HMS St Vincent 
The -annua] reunion dinner of 
HMS St Vincent (1939-45) was 
held on Saturday at Ecckston 
Hotel. SWl. Captain V. Lamb, 
RN. presided. 

Lincoln’s Ion 

Mr Andrew Edward Wilson 
Farit. QC. has been elected a 
Bencher of Lincoln's Inn. 

Broderick Crawford, i&e 
American actor who won an 
Oscar for his portrayal of the 
comipt politician m Ml ine 
Kings Men, died on Apnl 2o- 
He was 74. ■ ’ 

A heavily buift man. with a 
rasping voice and staccato 
delivery, Crawford bad a tong 
career fn the theatre, fil rasan ti 
television and though natural- 
ly suited *o gangster parts, he 
played policemen and comic 
relief with equal fecility. 

He was essentially a charac- 
ter actor who operated within 
a limited range, but he showed 
himself capable of depth and 
subtlety when given the op- 
portunity. His Willie Stark in 
Ml the King's Men in 1949 a 
thinly disguised portrait of the 
Southern demagogue. Huey 
Long, was a powerful study in 
political thuggery. 

Crawford early became ac- 
customed to being called 
“Helen Broderick's son", for 
his mother was one of the best 
known comediennes of her 
time. She and ter husband, 
Lester Crawford, a vaudeville 
performer, were onto or when 
Broderick Crawford was barn 
on December 9. 1911. 

He started his career in 

During the Second World 
War. Crawford served with 
the United Suites Air Force. 
He came to London, in uni- 
form as a sergeant, in I944 as * 
compere with Glenn Miller's 
American Band. 

Crawford's big break came 
witb All the KingS A fen, for 
which he was. chosen m prefer' 
ence of Spencer Tracey. The 
screenwriter/director, Robert 

r-T' 1 

radio and vaudeville and had Rossen. ddiberaieh* decided 

stare in his saga. 

his first straight pan as a 
football player in She Lores 
Me Not at the Adelphi Theatre 
in London in 1932. 

The play ran for only three 
weeks, but Iris perfornunce 
was seen 

to cast non-stare 
Crawford made the most of 
his belated stardom and bad 
other strong parts in . the 
comedy Born Yesterday, with 
nit Iris performance Judy HoUidav, and the gang- 
and admired by Noel land dramas rAe Mob. In 1954 

Coward who cast him as the 
American in his 1935 Broad- 
way prod union of Poita : 
Valaine. Crawford’s small 
part was well received by the 
critics, and the show ran for ! 
twenty weeks. - . 

He appeared in .two 
successive Broadway flops.- 
then acted with touring slock . 
companies, finally making tics 
Hollywood fora debut in 19 37 
as a comic duller in Woman , 
Chases Man. 

On the train returning to 
New York he read Stembeck's 
novel. Qf Mice and Men, sad 
became determined to play 
the role of Lennfo; the good- 
beaned moron who tolls the 
things he loves and who is . 
himself ultimately -lulled hu- 
manely by his best friend to V 
spare him from a lynching. 

Crawford’s reading of 
Lennie's lines for the director, 
George S. Kanfinan. was “so 
definitely authentic the "firs 
time”, said Kaufman, that he. 
seemed the “inevitable artor** . 
for die part Broadway audi- 
ences agreed, end. so did the 
critics. •• • ' 

he played the husband driven 
to murder in Human Desire. 
Fritz Lang's remake of the 
Jean Renoir classic. La Bite * 

- la the following year 
Crawford: made a productive 
-visit to Italy to play one of the 
Swiitdters ~ of • Frederico 
FeffinPs IIBidone. Back \n the 
Lintted States he began a four- 
year. run m the television 
series Highway Patrol, as the 
fest-taSking Catiforriiaa cop. 
Sergeant Matthews. His other 
television series were King of 
Diamonds and The Interns. 

During the 1 9fi0s Crawford 
-divided his lime between Hol- 
lywood and Europe, making 
several tow-budgpt westerns in 
Spain. In 1974 he appeared on . 
the London 
Championship Season but the^ 
play ailed to repeat its New 
York success. 

, The best of bis later films 
pas The Private Files of' J. 
Edgar Hoovrr( \ 978). in which 
he ga> ; e a superb portrayal of 
the controversial head of the 
FBI. : 


The death of Bessie Love oaf ’ . She was by now approach- 
April 26, at the age of 87,. ing her mid-ihirties andwas 
severe another link with the 

earliest days of the silent 
screen in America. 

She was an established star 
by the end of the First World 
War and the forerunner of 
other fomous film stars such 
as Joan Crawford. Bene Davis 
and Katharine Hepburn, who 
continued io dominate their 
profession long . after their ' 
youth was past. . 

Bessie Love, whose real., 
name was Juanita Horton, 
was born' on September JO. 
1898. at Midland. Texas, and 
was educated in Los Angeles. 

The story was told that she 
began her film career the day 
after she left high school, and 

consrious of the need for a 
change. In J93S she emigrated 
to make her home in England 
and .to work in films and m 

During the war years she 
became a co-manager and 
entertainer in the American 
Red Cross Hospital Unit and 
appeared m several English# 
films, including Lire Again 
and Atlantic Ferry. 

. When the war was over, 
Bessie Love entered into a 
long and productive period as 
an actress in the cinema, on 
the stage and in television. 

In 1947 she starred with 
Edward G. Robinson in Jour- 
ney Together for RK.0 Radio, 

although she only plaved a with James Stewart and Mar- 
minor part in D. W. Griffiths' tens Dietrich in A to Highway 

second major film. Intoler- 
ance, in 1916, tbaiofibe bride 
of Cana, that same year she 
played opposite Douglas Pair- 
banks and William £ Hart in 
the Triangle production. The 
Good Bad Man. 

Very small, very dainty and 
very feminine, she made an 
admirable partner for the 
dour, poker-faced Hart, who 
created a film tradition that 
Gary Cooper and John Wayne 
were to follow. 

In all her films with Hart 
she played the role of the 
viigjnal innocent, and be that 
of the outlaw whom she tried 
to reform, whilst Louise 
Glaum played that of the siren 
and temptress. 

Bessie Love went from 
strength to strength during the 
silent era, working for nearly 
all the major studios. 

She displayed a remarkable 
versatility. At times she bad 
adopted the Mary Pickford 
mage of the demure innocent, 
and at others the wistful 
appeal of Lillian Gish, but she 
could also play drama and 
tragedy, and was also some- 
times cast as a vamp. 

One of her fast silent films 
was Dress Parade, with Wil- 
liam Boyd, in 1927. but bv 
now her film career seemed to 
have lost its impetus. 

The change to talking films 
was in her case achieved 
without difficulty. She ap- 
peared in two of MGM’s fim , 

in the Sky for 20th Century 
Fox in 1951, with Robert 
Donat in the British-made 
Magic Box in 1952, and with 
Ava Gardner and Humphrey 
Bogart in The Barefoot 
Contessa for United Artists in 

During these years she was 
also seen frequently on stage. 
In June of 1 945 she had taken 
over the part of Miss Dell in 
Love m Idleness at the Lyric 
Theatre, and . when the run 
ended she went on (our with ft 
on the continent in support of 
Lynn Fontanne and Alfred 

A year later she made her 
first appearance on televirion. 
Her post-war stage plays in? 
eluded Bom Yesterday in 
1947, The Male Animal in 
1949, Death of a Salesman. 
also in 1949, and The Glass 
Meneagerie&i the Gaiety The- 
atre in Dublin in 1951. 

Meanwhile she was seen on 
television in plays such as You 
Can’t Take It With You and 
Our Town. Her later television 
performances included foe sK 
ries Edward and Mrs Simp* 
son. . 

■ She. was married once, tti 
film director Bill Hawks. Tte 
marriage lasted five years aaST 
ended in 1955. Bessie Low 
continued to work until' she 
was 84, when .deteriorating 
health forced her into 
retirement. j 

Hers was an exceptionally. 

and most famous musicals, " an ^ remarkable career. It 

Hollywood Rente of 1929 and ' WBS enough foe .ait 

the never-to-be-forgotten ' ^P^neinced stage star to turn 

Broadway Melody. 

It was in Broadway Melody 
that Love really recovered her 
former position and again 
revealed her versatility by 
playing a tough song-and- 
tiancK girl in a Broadway - 
musical One of the first rvi ■ 

tafltie^ this was probably her 

best known role mid brought of the 
her an Oscar nomination. 0T 

to foe cinema during foe 1920s 
and 1930s. but very unusual 
for foe procedure to be re* 
VCTS «L for the silent screen 
was b®st training; 

ground for the live theatre.'’ 

Once more, she was a major 
sur ofthe cinema, and a series 
of films for MGM followed \ n 
8 including 

The Idle Rich The Girl in the 

Show, and Chasing Rainbows. 

r ... Uh Bt 
lan Jarthhe, died on 
Aprtf 19, aged -69. He was a 
member of foe Queen's- 
Guard for. Scotland and 
Krved as Deputy Lieutenant 
for Dumfries-' jn 1970, He ft 
succeeded by his son,' Mr 
Alexander Maule Jardine^. s i. 


■ . '"' rv •. ..i 




to forget 

^ ; Most people remember niut 

■ they were doing wbenMoont- 
Jhotteo djed. I suspect most' 

> people, wffi try to fnrget the : 
i nights they spent matching 
“ Central's attempt to bring him 
. back to life. Lord Mamntbattn 
— The Last Viceroy is the . kind 

- of project which gives dnunati- 

■ rtJwu bad name. Produced 
‘fey George Walter, » former 
boxer, and Judith de Paul, a 
former opera-singer who., is 
aow diva of the mini-series, 

■ the fiat part (of three) was 
; conastaa only in its dreadfrd- 
-ness. Where lamps might have 

: rises to the throat came 
. : hiocaps of helpless Jaagfater. 

“I don't want to go down in 
the history books as -a re- 
-sounding flap" said Nkol 
^WilHarason, optimistically 
, perhaps, in the title role, tike 
most of his celebrated col- 
leagues he seemed barely reo- 
.. ognizable as an actor. He had 
; jsst-xome from the King (I 
have to pass on the actor 
playing the Monarch — ft was 
. lflw something from The Three 
Stooges). “Didde, how could 
yoer wailed his mother when 
, she heard he had accepted the 
' -job of Viceroy. Indeed,. WU- 
Kamson's puzzled, hangdog aft 
was that of someone wonder- 
ing bow he fciwwtf had ever 
1 come to accept the part 

Once in India, Mouutbattea 

■ changes his smt for a vest and 
b reduced to the rote of 
gatecrasher: “Hello, we've 

heard you were giving a party” 

• be said to Nehrn (Ian Richard - 
son). Hb method of carrying 

■ everyone's favour b to say' 

- “Lord Wavefl spoke very 
' highly of you". Other choice 

moments include a sequence 
spent chewing chicken-legs to 
the bathroom with Edwina 
(Janet Suzman), and a lecture 
by Gandhi with a towel on kb 
head — at which point the 
programme became indistin- 
gnbhable from Carry Ob Vp 
the Khyber. 

Credo (Channel 4) looked at 
. Heaven in the light of recent 
questioning by churchmen 
such as toe Bishop of Durham. 
V It was a good idea treated in a 
drab, girimnagina rive fashion. 



Paul Griffiths discovers Busoni’s unfinished opera living in its destined limbo 

Brave approach to faceless music 

Doctor Faust 

The mystery play that brought 
Busoni's work as a composer to its 
unfinished culmination has been in 
limbo a long time, waiting more than 
60 years for its first British produc- 
tion. What we learn at the Coliseum, 
though, is that Umbo is its destined 
{dace. The s tran geness of much of the 
opera is that of music without a face: 
partly by allowing his orchestra to 
fulfill its own dreams of baroque 
counterpoint independently of toe 
action, and partly by disclaiming any 
intention to force an original style 
-upon hb audience, Busom produces 
an opera which is curiously aloof 
from itself 

If . one were inclined to lake a 
negative view, one. might describe the 
effect as colourless. However, the 
English National Opera production, 
very busily engineered by David 
Pountney and blessed with a power- 
ful, beautiful, vindicating orchestral 
performance under Mark Elder, en- 
courages one to enter the work on its 
own terms, and to see its lack of 
distinct personality as central to the 
issue. Instead of using style to build 
fences around his field of operations, 
.Busoni keeps hb options open and 
works on a wide wasteland with views 
back to Bach and across to Debussy 
and Schoenberg. This b hb world 
without values. It b also toe spiritual 
.world of hb Faust, whose principal 
tragedy b to be unimpressed by 

From that proceeds the secondary 
tragedy that b toe tragedy of ail 
Faustsrto give reality to the source of 
undared appetites and call it Mephis- 
topheles. Mr Pountney's treatment of 
the splitting personality b simple and 
marvellously effective: Faust creates 
Mephistopheles, first mouthing his 
words, then producing from hb body 
that of hb double, costumed as he is. 
But the virtue of adding to splitting 
personalities splitting atoms b more 
doubtful Faust b presented to us as 
the father of the hydrogen bomb (I 
presume he b intended to resemble 
Edward Teller, on whom there is a 
piece in the programme), which raises 
both general and specific comp- 

There b toe matter of dress. The 
period is that of the opera's first 
production, and it does look a little 
odd when a grey-suited gent suddenly 
dons magician's outfit, sets off fire- 
works and summons five purple 
heads. Even if Eikne Hannan as the 
Duchess of Parma looks ravishing in 

* In - q 

issw 1 



Thomas Allen's thoughtful and sensitive Faust confronting Stefanos Lazaridis's skyline of filing cabinets 

her beaded black gown, to root the 
action in any precise era, but most 
particularly in a recent one, causes 
too many problems. 

It also leads to the least admirable 
aspects of this production: the visions 
of Edwardian childhood (though 
perhaps they must be accepted as Mr 
Pountney’s trademark) and the ex- 
pressionist grotesquerie. It may be 
useful to be reminded that Kurt Weill 
was one of Busoni's pupils, but toe 
music is not such as to sustain the 
scuttling zombies and nightmare 
cityscapes out of contemporary cine- 
ma, or the pulled faces that draw 
attention to how innocent a burlesque 
Busoni's Cortoge is. 

Nor. can the score, which is 
concerned with toe “Jessness" quali- 
ties of disenchantment, disaffection 
and alienation, quite carry the story 
of the bomb: the Sarabande is a 
wonderful piece, but the effect is 
thoroughly confused when it b made 
to accompany a scene of Mephistoph- 

eles leading Faust to create a warhead 
by origami There b a deep problem 
too at the end, where a naked boy, 
Faust's dying re-creation of himself 
goes off playing with the blood-red 
hydrogen atom that had been 
Mephistopheles's first gift. Quite 
what this signifies is unclear (on the 
other hand, Faust's dead reclaiming 
of his alter ego is well judged), but 
Busoni's intentions too at this point 
are unclear. 

The ENO production uses Antony 
Beaumont's realization of the ending, 
which closes toe work in a curiously 
contented C major. Perhaps that b 
right. Busoni seems from hb writings 
to have suffered from a clear hope of 
the future's promise: the new Faust to 
whom his protagonist gives birth b 
perhaps another of hb Berlin asso- 
ciates , Edgard Vartse, and one might 
give the opera its truest conclusion by 
ending with a sample of the musical 
futurism Varese was creating in New 
York while Busoni was at work on 
Doktor Faust. 

For all its problems, though, this is 
an appropriately intelligent and dar- 
ing production of a profoundly 
unsettling work, and no doubt many 
of its wonders will appear less 
mechanical when everyone is more 
used to dealing with the skylines of 
filing cabinets and the huge magic 
triangle that dominate Stefanos 
Lazaridis's set Already Thomas Al- 
len gives evidence of a deeply 
thoughtful, always sensitively 
phrased portrait of Faust: there are 
moments where toe balance needs 
sorting out, but the great monologues 
and the discourses with Graham 
Dark's quirky, nimble Mephistoph- 
eles found a wealth of colour and 
meaning within a reenacted greyness. 
Among the rest, John Connell b a 
solid Wagner, Henry Newman a 
Brother who really means his prom- 
ises of vengeance (in a scene that 
pointedly contrasts with the rest in its 
moral certainty) and Arthur Davies a 
suitably effete Duke of Parma. Go 
and be bewildered. 

- Theatre: Holly Hill on the New York scene 

Bob Fosse misses his target 

• v j&t ; . ^ - 

Last spring a lively,, pleasant 
show called Big River opened 
just in time to save Broadway 
musical theatre’s face. . No 
such luck this year. Bob 
Fosse's Big Deal (Broadway 
Theatre) is anything but. Writ- 
ten. directed and choreo- 
graphed by Mr Fosse, based 
>on the Italian film Big Deal on 
Madonna Street , tins musical 
was supposed to do for Fosse's 
c ar eer wha t La Cageaux folles 
did for Jerry Herman's — after 


smash hit, and incidentally 
give hope that the mostly 
home-grown musical still 
sparkles. - 

There b some exciting 
dancing in toe show, with such 
Fosse signatures as white- 
gloved hinds bolding hats on 
beads, angular athletic gyra- 
tions, sinuous slithering, and 
syncopated movements com- 
municating toe sheer exuber- 
ance of sweeping through 
space. A chorus of chained 
criminals soft-shoes to “Ain’t 
We Got Fun” with the orches- 
tra contributing mocking 
chain sounds, a night-dub 
crowd, breaks into an almost 
show-stopping .romp and a 
trio snakes through “Me and 
My Shadow". . _ 

No number has the unfor- 
gettable panache of toe open- 
ing to Pippin, however, and 
Big Deaf b just as vacuous 
without the redeeming cos- 

metics that Mr Fosse in vented 
to make the earlier musical 

The director beating toe 
house this season is the British 
transplant John Tilfinger. 
First to win accolades was hb 
Off-Broadway production of 
Terrence McNally's Its Only 
a Play this winter. Hb staging 
of Corpse* puttering along on 
Broadway, hb solemnly hilari- 
ous revival of Loot has just 
moved from toe Manhattan 

Music Box and his staging of 
A.R. Gurney’s new play The 
Perfect Party (Playwrights 
Horizons) has just opened 

I have never understood 
why some critics rush to 
congratulate a fine comic writ- 
er when he supposedly shows 
■ signs of getting “serious”, as if 
a gift for making people laugh 
were not rare enough. Comic 
writers are as prone to dol- 
drums and mean spirits as 
anyone; writing them out b 
not necessarily evidence of 
artistic growth. Neil Simon, 
had a battle with mean spirits 
in mid-career, and now it 
appears to be AJL Gurney’s 

The Perfect Party features a 
fiftybh professor trying to give 
a perfect party to a (mostly 
offstage) cultural cross-section 
of guests. He invites the social 
critic from “New York’s ma- 

jor newspaper”, and in hb 
anxiety to get a good review 
assumes a dual identity and 
nearly ruins hb marriage. The 
play has been received as a 
thoughtful satire on the 
playwright's relationship to 
his colleagues, audiences and 
critics, as well as on America’s 
policies. It could be both, but 1 
am not joining the hurrahs 
because, in spite of some slick 
lines and a hearty production, 
1 found it on the wrong side of 

Academic in its framework 
- Brechnan titles for each 
scene and pretty self-defeating 
'ones like “Always like Your 
Characters” and “I^t Your 
Imagination Go” — is a never- 
theless arresting and perplex- 
ing drama, Prindpia Script- 
orise, given urgent direction 
by Lynne Meadow at the 
Manhattan Theatre Cub. 
Richard Nelson spans 15 years 
in toe lives of two men who 
meet as youthful hot-heads 
imprisoned by a right-wing 
government and again when 
toe Latin American has be- 
come a flunkey and the Amer- 
ican a pawn of the revo- 
lutionary left-wing regime. 
Right and left are bad news, 
and the play’s strongest scenes 
show Uie power-plays of poli- 
ticians and writers on the 
make for both themselves and 
their ideologies. 

The story feels unfinished 

. „ ■ ■’tW v •- . - ■ v.r.v . ' . v . • 

ft ••• :•••;> &>-.'& ••• 

£ 5 -:-.- 

Outstanding young talent 
Anthony Heaid (right) with 
Mike Nussbaum in 
Prindpia Scriptoriae 

dramatically and the two- 
character scenes would proba- 
bly sink in the hands of actors 
less skilled than Joe Urla and 
Anthony Heaid. Mr HeaJd 
and Zeljko Ivanek as Hal in 
Loot continue to astonish with 
performances in which they 
are virtually unrecognizable 
from other recent portrayals — 
Mr HeaJd as Figaro and Mr 
Ivanek in A Map af the World. 
Another disappointing New 
York season though this is, we 
have a trid of youthful 
leading/character actors cur- 
rently on toe boards (the third 
being Kevin Kline as Hamlet) 
which may have an equal but 
b unlikely to have a superior. 

Theatre in London 


A selection from aax 22 sales in the UK this week. Rne a 

ft - 1 _ _ J 1 nclAfthrtn rtf ton-OOi'I QrtTTIP 

Jewellery: Yftdnesday 30 April at 1030 ojxl, King street: vrmisn; ,i pieces of furniture include a George III fruitwood 

A good selection of 19th and 20th century gem-set jewellery ^ maho Pembroke table of particularly small size, 
including a fme emerald mounted as a nng, an attractive a1sq 0 £ fejed are a of R egenC y side chairs, later gilded 

ruby and diamond Cartier brooch and an important ait deco an ^ a mid-Victorian gilrwood open armchair both from 
diamond bracelet. There are 259 lots to choose from. Windsor Castle with 1866 inventory labels. 



What are being watched are 
birds, real birds like guille- 
mots and gulls, five of which 
float above the grassy stage. 
Malcolm b watching them. 
But Malcolm b being watched 
by another bird, Brenda, and 
the one-way stare with binocu- 
lars in between is not toe 
relationship she intends. 

This delightful two-bander 
has breezed down from toe 
Liverpool Playhouse to Lon- 
don like a welcome gust of 
fresh sea air. Entertaining, 
witty, perfectly played, it 
comes at a time when too 
many West End comedies 
seem old and tired. 

It delivers no message, ex- 
cept that persistence may pay 
off its comedy does not open 
up to reveal the sour taste of 
life's sadder realities. Instead, 
the pursuits and rebuffs that 
structure the courtship ritual 
of this engaging, unlikely pair 

fliam uim a * **** ** — 

Antique Anns and Armour: Wednesday 30 April 

at 11 King Street: A fine silver-gilt mounted 

presentation sward, with scabbard and belt, presented to 
Ll General Robert Bnrne by hb brother officers for his 
nn Aires OD lulv D 1S0> 

a LIU- a IIII U-V lULUliOAl Jiimwu » — — 

Windsor Castle with 1866 inventory labels. 

Pine Wines: Thursday 1 May at 11 m., Tattersalls, 
Newmarket: A unique event: we are bolding a Fine Wine 
sale in the Tateersalls Ring on 1000 Guineas day at 
Newmarket Included are small lots of mature vintage port, 

i -1 ..J i.nnuc rnoM-hi^r wirh linrr-r 

present a skin-deep brilliance 
of constant repartee (from her) 
and toe slower puzzled re- 
sponses (from him) of some- 
one who cannot fathom out if 
there b any depth to her at all. 

Yet Cheryl Maiker and 
Adam Kotz have so whole- 
heartedly immersed them- 
selves into the characters Jim 
Hitchmough has written, and 
there b so much truth in their 
playing, such gusto, that what 
they give us b something of 
toe heady essence of being 

When Malcolm offers to 
take her birdwatching she 
cannot believe he means what 
he says, and stares around 
with unconcealed distaste at 
the wet, wild, Wirral fields. He 
b a law-abiding stick-in-the- 
mud, a shop assistant with a 
mother to cook hb puddings. 
Brenda b brisk, observant, 
sexy and marvellously sup- 
plied with, funny lines. 

It b a measure of the charm 
and skill of the two players, 
the understanding direction of 
Tony Mulholland and Mr 
Hitch mough’s true and comic 
vision that a partnership that 
seemed improbable at first 
becomes as fitting as anything 
between the guillemots. 

Jeremy Kingston 


. event were simply one of those 

SegOVia unavoidable, niggling hin- 

Wigmore Hall «— h- » 

But. when that problem is 
Andres Segovia became the pul s ide by side with the 
seventy-first recipient of the difficulties posed by a right 
Gold Medal of the Royal ^d that plucks without pro- 
Philharmonic Society on Sat- during very much singing 
unlay when Sir Thomas Arm- power and a left hand that can 

strong presented him with the 
coveted award after the first 
half of this recital. The grand 
old man made a thank-you 
speech in which it was clear 
that he thought the honour 
had something to do with the 
Royal Philharmonic Orches- 
tra. One can understand his 
confusion — the mistake is 
made by many another — and 
one can also comprehend that 
bis playing is nowadays but a 
pale reflection of his past 

This was an occasion, then, 
to honour him rather than to 

no longer hit a fingerboard 
with the necessary firmness, 
then one must be honest and 
say that he is a virtuoso of the 

Yeu even if we are now 
denied his performing abilities 
at their best, he has also left a 
rich legacy of music, both his 
own transcriptions and a large 
number of pieces written spe- 
cifically for him. Here there 
were examples of the latter in 
two from the set of Studies by 
Villa-Lobos which form a 
cornerstone of the guitar's 

to honour him rather than to repertoire, > n a Suite hy More- 
marvel. And here the act of no Torroba, in a Sonatina by 

homage was inevitably also an 
act of tolerance. For example 
Segovia now has a tendency to 

Ponce, and in three pieces by 
Alexandre Tansman. Perhaps 
this is not the world's most 

liuw »» a isuuw‘>-j ™ U115 IS noi Ult wunui iuum 

forget things, although when mom entous music, but wi til- 
th at happens the coolness he oul Segovia it simply would 
exhibits as he gathers together nol al a ||. 
his mental impetus is quite Drtf-ritt 

humbling. It is as though the Stephen I'etUtt 

Purcell Room 

Metanoia have not been 
around for very long, but they 
already seem to have hit on 
that elusive but most essentia] 
requirement for a contempo- 
rary performing group: an 
individual profile. The unusu- 
al combination of instruments 
- trumpet, clarinet, cello, 
piano and percussion - cer- 
tainly helps, but there is also 
the more exacting business of 
presenting characterful pro- 
grammes and projecting them 
with conviction. This concert 
came out excellently on both 

I am sure that Jonathan 
Impell did not intend to 
dominate proceedings, but it 
turned out like that His 
performing skills were impres- 
sively displayed in Berio's 
Sequent X for solo trumpet, 
where he darted between the 
various musical elements in a 
manner exactly suited to the 
composer's speed of thought. 
The piece calls for a wide 
range of techniques, with an 
emphasis on extremely loud 
overblown notes (murderous 
to play, surely) directed into 
an open piano and setting up a 

sequence of resonances which 
were nicely enhanced here by 
Javier Alvarez's sound-projec- 
tion. As so often with Beno, 
the musical substance itself 
may be slender, but there is no 
mistaking the brilliance of the 
total effect. 

But Jmpett's composing is 
as arresting as his playing - 
there are plenty of strongly 
promoted individuals in the 
contemporary scene who sim- 
ply could not approach the 
trenchant verve and vividness 
of thought in evidence in his 
Cassation, here receiving its 
first performance. The five 
players obviously relished it. 
and seemed just as happily on 
terms with the benign dotti- 
ness of Cage’s Concerto for 
piano and orchestra and Fon- 
tana Mix, both works here 
played simultaneously (and 
why not indeed?). 

Michael Levinas's Concerto 
pour un piano espace no 2 and 
Les Rires du GiUes seemed 
pretentious and inchoate in 
such company, but Michael 
Blake’s Self-Delectative Songs 
(another first performance) 
fell gently and pleasingly on 
the ear. Stockhausen’s Tier- 
kreis made an unexpectedly 
ingenuous upbeat 

Malcolm Hayes 

Coliseum plans 

Jonathan Miller tackles Gil- 
bert and Sullivan, and indeed 
operetta, for the first time 
when he stages The Mikado 
for toe English National 0pera 
next September. The cast in- 
cludes Richard van Allan, 
Lesley Garrett and Bonaven- 
tura Bo none. The new pro- 
duction, the season's first is 
shared with toe Houston 
Grand Opera. 

Two rare Russian operas 
join toe repertoire in 1987. 
Datgomiehsky's The Stone 
Guest has recently been heard 
in Paris, but the Coliseum 
performances (first night, 
April 23) are reckoned to be 
the first to be staged in Britain. 
Keith Warner, whose produc- 
tion of Moses drew a mixed 
reaction recently, is the direc- 
tor. A month later the ENO 
directors of music and produc- 
tion, Mark Elder and David 
Pountney,' work together on 
Shostakovich's Lady Mac- 
beth of Mtsensk , staged by 
Covent Garden some 20 years 
ago in the composer's revised 
version. Katerina Ismailova. 

Earlier in the season Elder 
and Pountney combine on 
Carmen in a new translation 
by Anthony Burgess. The 
leading roles are double-cast, 
with Sally Burgess and Jean 
Rigby sharing the gypsy. First 
night will be on November 27. 
Mark Elder will also conduct 
the new production of Simon 

This time he will be working 
with David Alden and David 
Fielding, whose view of 
Mazeppa was almost as con- 
troversial as Warner's of Mo- 
ses. The Coliseum is clearly 
not going to be deterred by 
adverse public reaction in 
some quarters and appears to 
be equally determined to give 
its young producers and de- 
signers an extended trial. 

The casualty of the season is 
Prokofiev's The Fiery Angel, 
which was to have been 
directed by Andre Serban in a 
co-production with the Gene- 

va Opera. It would have 
rounded off the ENO's collec- 
tion of Russian rarities, but 
proved too expensive and has 
been postponed. The ENO 
still has a deficit of £500,000 
and both Cav and Pag and 
Carmen are being staged on 
budgets that are considerably 
less than originally intended. 

There have been sugges- 
tions that both Covent Gar- 
den and the Royal Shake- 
speare Company benefited 
from toe close administrative 
and financial scrutiny which 
preceded the Priestley Report. 
A team of management con- 
sultants will be arriving at the 
Coliseum in due course. 





Rosafind Newman 
& Dancers 

April 29-May 3 at 7.30pm 

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Aairtriguingfyott-bejt beauty* 

■ExMtaraSng ..ririL p*Kion. humanity' 

BiOT Jones, Amie 
Zane and Company 

May 6 -10 at 730pm 

DiU/Irtlg Jpilm.tisih^rv'nv humour 
and liMVei'Om Virts umou> 
paring ship. 

% pcripRiuncilo nurvH dll' 

menugms nu» ~~ — - «- quantities or younger uiarci ana icu «« 

pistols mainly of the 18th century and among armour a rare for laying down. Overall a high quality sale, there wm be a 

Brunswick gold-painted morion of c. 1580. small pre-sale tasting commencing at 10 a-m. on die day of 

Paintmgs and Drawings: Wednesday 30 April the auction, providing considerable interest for local buyers 

at 230 pan and &30 pan. Assembly RDOn ^ 9fW ’ V. Fine EnftUh Pictures: Friday 2 May at 11 am., 

Edinburgh: Sir John Everett MdLais? _ . r^ j Tt; n g Street: A varied selection of pictures are on offer 

Alice is included mtb* pictures of the Battle of WneHoo by 

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colourists, marvellous Peploes, Fergus*)^, Hunters and an T?£S\ 

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Tuesday to Friday 9 ajn.-4.45 p.m- 
Enquiries: (01) 581 7611 

■ ■ I I s JU 


Prison officers 
to meet Hurd 
over dispute 

■ By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 
The Prison Officers’ Assod- maud Centre, one of the 

ation is having talks with Mr 
Douglas Hurd, the Home Sec- 
retary, today in an attempt to 
defuse the Jail crisis. 

- The association is not ruling 
out the possibility of further 
industrial _ action, however. 
That remains in case a mem- 
ber is “isolated and 
intimidated", in the 
association's view, by the 
actions of a governor seeking 
budgetary cuts. 

’ Yesterday’s decision not to 
impose further industrial ac- 
tion “at this time" is, accord- 
ing to a statement from the 
association, “a clear indica- 
tion of our good faith." 

Assodationofficials are still 
upset about a dispute at 
Gloucester jail last week 
which marred good pro g res s 
.in talks at the prison depart- 
ment on manning 

Each side sought yesterday 
to give the impression that it 
was not backing down. 

The moves follow an ex- 
change of blows after the 
association decided that offi- 
cers in IS jails should not 
admit new prisoners, escorted 
by police, between 230pm on 
-Friday and noon on Saturday. 
That put 27S prisoners m 
police cells. ' 

- Police have recaptured two 
of five prisoners who escaped 
.from a police station at Crewe, 

All seven prisoners staging a 
rooftop protest at Ristev Re- 

Libya eases tension 

Continued from page 1 
Union's role in “defending” 

Colonel Gadaffi has con- 
fined himself to much the 
same message. 

The thrust of his argument 
was that the Libyans defended 
Moscow by defending them- 
selves against American air- 

• Britons waned: Mr Hugh 
Dunnachie, the lone British 
diplomat in Libya, yesterday 
called a meeting of British 
residents in Tripoli to discuss 
the crisis (Nicholas Ashford 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements, _ 

The Queen visits the fiefl 
Mead Kennels. Old Windsor.’ 

The Duke of Edinburgh. 
President of World Wildlife 
Fund International holds an 
executive committee meeting 
and a board meeting. Bucking- 
ham Palace. 

Princess Anne, visits the 
Farms for City Children ax 
Iddesleigh, Devon. 1 130; then, 
as Patron of the Home Farm 
Trust, visits Rivendell, 
Chudleigh. Devon, to mark the 
occasion of its completion. 230. 

Princess Margaret. President 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,031 


1 Bound volumes of the 
Bard's letters in the pos- 
session of Grub Street (9). 

6 Three-dimensional sleeping 
compartment abandoned by 
the French (5). 

9 Crucial boundary brings vic- 
tory in game (7). 

10 Sounds like one who won t 
jump at a long coat OX 

11 Ides originally the first of 
March? lfs a natural belief 

12 Short up and do wn p lat- 
forms on the underground 


14 One divides at Chiswick, for 
example (3). 

15 Broadway’s writer built 
round anonym (5,6). 

17 Mr Coward’s add drop 

19 Qufller-Cbuch heard Jut 
words of actor s speech (3). 

20 Running before the wind, 
this craft is beached (4-5). 

22 Like a magic character, one 
in a runabout (5). 

24 Viper crippled on the road 

26 Cut off at the end m a post 
office deal (7). 

27 Disease affecting ones loaf, 
so traumatic at first ( j)- 

28 Rotate to negotiate bends 


1 like the girl 

1 Engaged, like the an 
Meriam in “Cokl Comfort 
Farm" (5). 

2 Now objection about £1 is 
raised again (7). 

3 Fall in, as Bin will on reach- 
ing maturity (63). 

4 The speaker’s notes (6,5). 

5 In Holmes’s adventure the 
carbuncle was blue (3). 

6 Good companion sickening 
with a cold (5). 

7 Cut down support rope (7). 

8 Unde r fir m governor, per- 
haps CERN have a point in 
sticking together (9). 

13 The athlete’s path, littered 
with burnt-out cases? (6-5). 

14 Cubs made a mess lying in 
wait (9). 

16 Trust me to smash the great- 
est possible amount! (9). 

18 Retainer the cavalryman 
tried to spear (4-3). 

19 Cold travelling? It’s some- 
thing to do with the altitude 

21 This will get things working 
— agreement is on the way 

23 Shakespearian heroine, not 
being a princess, makes 
some salad (5). 

25 Add to perfect letter (3). 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,030 
wiU appear 
next Saturday 

Kennedys show high-society muscle 

targets for action by the 
association, have come down. 
The Home Office says that the 
protest was not connected 
with the dispute. 

Twenty officers involved in 
industrial action were sus- 
pended on Saturday. They had 
refused to sign a declaration 
that they would work normal- 
ly, according to Mr Eric 
Caines, a director of personnel 
and finance in the prison 

Police were called to Leices- 
ter prison on Saturday after 
officers staged a walk-out to 
attend a meeting, leaving a 
skeleton staff on guard. Offi- 
cers resumed normal working 
at the beginning of the night 

After a meeting yesterday 
morning the four returned to 
work and the demand that 
they sign a declaration was 

• Mr Gerald Kauf- 
man. shadow Home Secretary, 
said that the prisons were “a 
potential tinder-box waiting 
for the spark that could set 
them alight” 

He told a meeting at Mid- 
dleton, Leeds:“Tbey are 
crammed to overflowing. De- 
spite the depressingly low 
record in clearing up crime 
under this Government there 
are as many inmates now in 
our prisons as the Home 
Office forecast there would be 
in 1993.” 

mmmm m 

'' ....... 

' . V.'™* k J 

He repeated the British 
Government’s advice to them 
to leave Libya or, if they were 
unable to depart at least to 
send their families away. 

More than 1,000 Britons 
have left Libya since the 
American bombing raid two 
weeks ago. Between 3300 and 
4,000 still remain there. 

The Foreign Office said last 
night that yesterday’s meeting 
was one of a series which Mr 
Dunnachie, who is head of the 
British Interests Section at the 
Italian Embassy in Tripoli, 
has been holding with the 
British community. 

of Sadler’s Wells Royal Ballet, 
attends a performance of The 
Snow Queen in aid of the 
National Society for the Preven- 
tion of Cruelty to Children, The 
Birmingham Hippodrome, 7.20. 

The Duke of Gloucester atr 
tends the presentation ~ of the 
Fourth National Radio Awards. 
Grosvenor House Hotel, Wl, 
12 . 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
attends a Gala Dinner and 
Fashion Spectacular in aid of 
the Royal National Lifeboat 
Institution, Park Lane HoteL 
Wl, 735. 

New exhibitions 

Matisse: Illustrations to the 
’Amours' of Pierre De Ronsard; 
Arts Centre. Vane Terrace. 

Senator Edward Kennedy with his i 
From Trevor Fishlock 

The Kennedy dan, America's most 
celebrated, written about and stared 
at family, turned out in its consider- 
able force at die tribal homeland in 
Massachusetts for the wedding of 
Maria Shrirer, who is famous for 
being a Kennedy and on television, 
and Mr Arnold Schwarzenegger, who 
is famous for his muscles. 

Miss Shriver, although she says 
she the family identity labels 

that are usually attached to her name 
in print, has perforce to be identified 
as a twig in the dynastic tree. 

She is a niece of the late President. 

Briton shot 
dead in 

Conthmed from page 1 
The Jerusalem 'District po- 
nce chief; Deputy Commander 
Chaim Aibaldes, said last nfejrt 
tint no motive had been estah- 
ltshed for the attack. He said 
his men were Mowing up. all 
possibilities, including 

Tourists have come under 
terrorist attack oa several o«a- 
shms in the past two decades, 
especially in East Jerusalem 
and other important tourist 
centres in the West Bank, 
which Israel captured from 
Jordan in the 1967 Six Day 

War. The last attack took place 

about two weeks ago, when a 
German -tourist was utfaw} 
inside Jerusalem’s walled Old 


Commander Aibaldes test 

ity to the negative effect inci- 
dents like this conld have on ds 

vital tourist mdustry. He told 
Israel radio that he viewed 
these a tHs as isolated inci- 
dents which should not lead to 
panic. The police had the 

- * »■■■■* 

estranged wife, Joan; guests Andy Warhol and Grace Jones; and the bride’s parents, Sargent and Eunice Shriver. 

John Kennedy and of Senator Robert 
Kennedy; a grand-daughter of Joseph 
and Rose Kennedy; and the daughter 
of Mr Sargent Shriver and EmIbo 
K ennedy. Iter father is a lawyer and 
was the Democratic rice-presidentxal 
candidate in 1972. Her ancle, Senator 
Edward Kennedy, the clan chieftan, 
attended the marriage, and so did her 
aunt, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. 
Bat Rose Kennedy, the 95-year-old 
matriarch, was too frail to go. 

Mr Schwarzenegger is the son of an 
Austrian policeman. At 38 he is eight 
years older than his bride. He chose 
body-baQding as “my way out of a 

bourgeois existence” and first came to 
notice hi a documentary film about 
mnsde building, called Pumping /ion, 
which became popular with many 
young Americans. 

Mr Schwarzenegger starred 
shirtiess in Coma* t be Barbarian and 
Tie Terminator. He also works as a 
property dealer in California. 

He and Miss Shriver have for seven 
years conducted a trans-continental 
romance, visiting each other at week- 
ends. She works in New York as the 
co-presenter of the CBS breakfast 

The wedding was in a white 

clapboard Roman Catholic church in 
Hyanhis and was billed as private and 
Intimate. Reporters were not allowed 
into the chcu-ch, which was filled with 
flowers and Kennedys. Hundreds of 
people, waited outrode the church to 
see Conan come to Oundot and to 
indulge in Kennedy-spotting. 

Afterwards, tome was a reception 
at tile Kemiedy compomd in Hymmis 
Port where guests ate lobster and 
chicken breasts in champagne. The 
wedding cake - seven foot high and 
weighing 429 lbs - was slightly taBer 
and rather heavier than Mr 

he churned. 

The Prime Minister, Mr 
Shimon Peres, reacted angrily 
to the shooting and said last 
mgfat that no effort would be 
spared to find the assailants. 

Package in 
QE2 alert 

Police frogmen were yester- 
day believed to have recov- 
ered a mystery package 
dropped by a man at the 
centre of a security alert on the 
liner.Queen Elizabeth IL 
The man was stopped as he 
tried to board the ship in 
Southampton on ' Saturday 
night without a pass. As he 
tried to escape he was seen to 
drop the package — believed 
to be a toolbox — in the water. 

Southampton police were 
still questioning the. map 

The incident held up the 
liner's sailing for two hours. It 
set off later for an eight-day 
cruise to the Canary Islands 
with 1.600 passengers. 

Security at the docks was 
still tight last night with only 
those on authorized business 
allowed to enter. 


Darlington; Mon to Sat 10 to 10 
(ends May 19). 

Paintings and Watercolours 
by Victorian, Edwardian and 
Living Artists; Penn Barn, By 
the Pond, Bm Rd,- Pienn; Mon 
to Frj 9.30 to 1 and 2 to 5 (ends 
May 9). 

Norman Adams, new oils and 
watercolours: Colin Pearson, 
new ceramics: Jean Claude 
ReynaL ‘Paris’ relief prints; 
Oxford Gallery, 23 High St. 
Oxford; Mon to Sal 10 to 5 (ends 
May 21). 


Piano recital by Maria 
Garzon; St Martin-in-the- 
Fieids, Trafalgar Square, WC2,* 

Recital by lao Will cock and 
Howard Haigb: British Music 
-Information Centre, 10 Strat- 
ford Place, Wl. 7.3a 

Piano recital by Anthony 
Adkins; St George’s Church, 
Bloomsbury Way, WCl, I. 

Recital by Pauline Lowbury 
(violin), Christopher Green- 
Armytage (piano) and Stephen 
Williams (double bass); St Mary 
on Paddington Green, W2, 7.30. 

The week’s walks 

Nature notes 

The noisiest birds in the 
countryside at the ’moment are 
green woodpeckers, constantly 
answering other’ with «ilU 
like ringing laughter, •' nut- 
hatches. who are giving 
penetrating whistles from the 
tree-tops; and greenfinches, 
whose song combines loud 
twitterings with long melodious 
sighs. . 

Sedge and reed warblers are 
back by ponds and streams: the 
sedge warbler’s song is a rich, 
jangling babble, the reed 
warbler's is thinner and more 
monotonous. They climb the 
reed-stems skillfully. 

Gulls have returned to their 
breeding colonies, mainly round 
the coast Male herring gulls 
warn others off their small 
territories by symbolic grass- 
plucking and yodelling cries; 
black-headed gulls point their 
beaks up menacingly. In both 
species, the females beg for food 
before mating. 

Horse chestnuts are still the 
only trees at all forward in leaf, 
but the hawthorns are opening 
at last the young leaf-shoots are 
like small green fly-whisks. 
There is also a dusting of green 
on crab-apples, ana creamy 
leaves are showing on the 
whitebeams. The papery white 
petals of wood sorrel are unfold- 
ing among bluebell leaves, and, 
in otherwise barren places, there 
are thick carpets of bogweed and 
ground elder. DJM 




A shallow- depresaou wfll 
iaove slowly Ntotfce E of the 
coasts ' of E Engfcnd and 
Scotland. A farther depression 
’ will move E from the Atlantic 
. to be centred near to NW 
Scotland by', midnig ht on 

6 am to midnight 

High Tides 




Rates for srtnl denomnation bank notes 
wjf as suppled by Baidajrs Bn*. PIC. 
Dmurent rates apply to travellers’ 
***» and other towpi currency 

Aew0 Price indue 381.6 

Lo n do n: The FT Mn dosed up 9.9 at 

1 357.8 on Friday. 

Non Yoritr The Oom Jones Industrial 
averaoB dosed up 335 a! 1835.57 on 

C F 
r 13 55 
a 28 79 
S 22 72 
c 13 55 
C 13 56 
S 23 73 
c 28 32' 

0 28 82 
t 15 59 

S 25 77 
c 13 55 

1 22 72 
s 13 55 
r 7 45 
c 12 54 
r 11 52 
s 25 77 
8 22 72 
s 28 82 
c T9 M 
f 18 81 , 
S 29 84, 
f 21 70 


. 1 - 

n r. 






h \ 


"fah . 

■ aJ 

0-“ N 
; *£- 

4 r^iV 


! ‘Wj 


MONDAY APRIL 28 1986 ’ 









spills into 

Hie rapid tall is the d ollar 
Over the past week I me taken 
its toll of the bond market — 
bat there is incr easing ; confi- 
dence that the doUar-yen rela- 
tionship is dose to a viable 
eqattibnom fevdL 
Some in the bond market 
suggest the dollar might have 
to. go down to. 150 yen, others 
suggest the American authori- 
ties might be content with 160 . 

There was no way the 
A mer i c a n s were about to be 
satisfied with the dollar at ISO 
yea. Between mid-February 
and m id-April, the June yen 
futures traded up to and 
around 0.55-0.56 US cents. At 
180 the yen is worth 0.55 

coal ‘crisis’ spells job 
cuts or subsidies says LBS 


p 3t£ 


r vC0i* 


A much lower rate for the 
dollar was needed to bi 
about some sort ofeqratibrC 
am, to reduce the hqgebflater- 
- al deficit between the US and . 
Japan, and American depen- 
dence oo Japanese capital. 

With the trade deficit prov- 
ing to be one of the biggest 
single drags on US economic 
growth, an aJJkmt attack on 
the exchange rate v 

The threads holding the 180 
yen rate together snapped last 
week. There was a miscalcula- 
tion of the acceptable speed of 
descent of the dollar and the 
result was to throw the bond 
markets into eoafushm and 

Between April 11 and last 
Wednesday the June yen fu- 
tures rose from 5635 (1773) 
to 5930 (168.1). 

The bond markets reacted 
violently. The cash long bond 
had been %12S 1 'M last Mon- 
day. By Friday it was strug- 
gling to bold $120. 

By then, however, the worst 
appeared to be over. What the 
markets needed was a period 
of calm in the foreign ex- 
change markets and this was 
what they seemed to . be 

The Japanese were not ex- 
pected back m the securities 
markets In force until after 
holidays in Japan: ending on 
May 5. 

Once an equOibrinm level b 
achieved, the absence of pan- 
icky pressure from the foreign 
exchange side will permit a 
resumption ri the secular 
downtrend in US interest rates 
which is demanded and pro- 
duced by die weakness of the 
American economy and by the 
price deflation which has tak- 
en over. 

Consumer prices feD at an 
annual rate of 13 per cent in 
the first quarter, bumping up 
the notional teal rate of inter- 
est from about 4% per cent in 
tbe fourth qnarter to a gargan- 
tuan 9 per cent . in tie first 

Above all, tbe financial 
markets require a slow and 
steady devaluation. The finan- 
cial markets panic at what 
looks like a “free fair in the 

Between September 21 and 
April 11, the yen rose from 
41.8 cents (June contract) to 
5635 cents, a rise of 35 per 
cent. Over the same-period, 
the June T-bond contract rose 
from $72 to $103 — an increase 
of 43 per cent So there is no 
essential incompatibility be- 
tween a devaluing dollar and a 
bond boom. 

Maxwell Newton 

By Graham Seaijeam, 

' Financial Editor 

The fell in the price of oil 
has plunged the coal industry 
into a . new crisis that will 
demand hard decisions about 
the Government's energy poli- 
cy, a new study concludes. 

In a paper published today. 
Dr Biu Rbbinson of - the 
London Business School says 
the question is notwbeiher tbe 
coal price will, fall, but bow 
soon and by bow much. 

. “This effectively removes 
any hope of bringing the 
industry to the point where 
the current workforce all have 
secure jobs in profitable pits,” 
he says. 

The study comes at a mo- 
ment when the Central Elec- 
tricity Generating Board and 
-the National Coal Board are 
still locked in negotiations 
over the bulk supply price. An 
agreement may be reached 
this week. 

Mr Peter Walker, the Ener- 
gy Secretary, takes the formal 
position that the outcome is 
up to the two state industries. 

If prices are not- reduced 


Cod pries 





Coat output (m tonnes) 

breakeven Actual 

Employment fOOOy 
breakeven Actual 


19B4-5 1 









2.43 ' 































'Estimates of underlying levels. Actuals are strike affected. 
'Average Conrads sharp changes through the year, with coal i 
^Coal prices In Bkeiy range. Productivity assumption < 

(ailing and productivity rising. 

significantly below the present 
general price of £45 per tonne, 
it would pay the CEGB to 
switch to its oil-fired stations. 
This would apply at any price 
above £35 per tonne, accord- 
ing to the London Business 
School, and coal prices would 
need to fall below £30 per 
tonne to regain the usual 
historic relationship to oil 
prices. ■ 

Maintaining coal prices 
would sharply reduce help to 
British industry from lower 

energy costs and distort com- 
petition between fuels. 

Prices below £38 per tonne 
would, however, prevent the 
NCB from achieving the Gov- 
ernment-imposed target tha t 
it should break even in its 
1987-87 financial year. 

If the Board attempted to 
keep prices competitive and 
meet hs target, it would be 
forced into a new round of pit 
closures, possibly costing a 
further 30,000 jobs. 

Because the closure of hope- 

lessly uneconomic pits has left 
many operating on the margin 
of profitability. Dr Robinson 
calculates that “at £35, the 
required closures match those 
which provoked the 1984-85 

Dr Robinson urges the Gov- 
ernment to give industry the 
benefit of lower energy prices 
but to subsidize the marginal 
pits in the short term because 
low oil prices are unlikely to 
last indefinitely. 

‘Rise in 


By Our Economics Editor 

■ Lower oil prices, easier 
monetary conditions and con- 
vergence in budgetary policies 
are expected to cause some 
pick-up in world expansion, 
according to the new World 
Economic Outlook published 
by the International Monetary 
Fund today. - 

The IMF expects output to 
grow by 3 per cent in industri- 
al countries this year, margin- 
ally faster than in 1985, a year 
it considered “somewhat 
disappointing", accelerating 
mildly to 3.2 per cent growth 
in 1987. Growth in the world 
as a whole is expected to grow 
very slightly faster. 

Although the recent fall in 
oil prices provides an initial 
stimulus to industrial coun- 
tries which the EMF calculates 
to be worth newly 1 pep cent 
of gross domestic product, its 
new output forecast is- only 
marginally more optimistic 
than the predictions published 
last autumn. 

Oil prices have a more 
dramatic impact on the infla- 
tion figures, reducing tbe aver- 
age for industrial countries to 
3.4 per cent this year and 3 per 
cent in 1987 — the lowest 
tevei, the IMF points out, in 
over two decades ■ 

However, the Outlook gives 
a warning that the continua- 
tion of world economic 
growth at only a “moderate 
pace" means that relatively 
little progress will be made in 
reducing the serious unem- 
ployment problem faced by 
many countries. 

The IMF is forecasting 
growth of 18 per cent in the 
United Kingdom this year. 

Woolworth hits 
back at Dixons 

By Lawrence Lever. 

Weekend reports of the executive, 
contents of Dixons formal 
offer- document, drew a furi- 
ous response from Mr Geoff 
Mulcahy, Woolworth 's chief 
executive yesterday. The re- 
ports of the documemt, which 
is expected today indicated 
that Woolworth would be 
strongly criticized for alleged- 
ly disposing of prime retail 
locations to some of its high 
street rivals, and generally for 
abandoning prime high street 

The reports drew a fresh 
attack from Mr Geoff 
Mulcahy, Woofworth’s chief 

yesterday, on 
Dixons lack of out-of-town 
retail sites. 

He said: “While Mr Kalms 
claims to understand retailing 
he has totally missed the out- 
of-town opportunity despite 
the fact that it is the most 
significant retail trend of the 
last decade. * 

SG Warburg, advisers to 
Dixons said: “these comments 
seem strange coming from a 
group which has just sold 
Woolco, which has 750,000 
square ft of out-of- town 

McKechnie dismisses 
Evered bid as pathetic 

The £157 million bid for 
McKechnie Brothers, toe 
Midlands engineering group, 
by Eyered Holdings was yes- 
terday described by Dr Jim 
Butler, McKechnie's chair- 
man, as “pafaeticr 
“There is no industrial logic 
in this bid,” Dr Butler said, 
pointing out that tbe value of 
fevered's share offer — which 
consists of a straight share 

swap of four of its own shares 
.for_ every .five . McKechnie 
shares - stood at “a paltry 9 
per cent premium over our 
pre-bid share price." 

• Mr Ray Mitcben.Group Di- 
rector, Finance of BBA Group 
said yesterday that weekend 
reports that BBA was consid- 
ering a bid for TI Group, came 
as a complete surprise to him. 

Morgan decision soon 

Plans for Morgan Grenfell, the 
merchant bank, to expand its 
capital base are due to be 
announced within the next 
few weeks, the bank said 

At the same time it dis- 
missed weekend reports that it 
had already decided to raise 
£100 million via a public 
flotation as “ highly 

The new money is needed to 
finance Morgan's plans for 
gilt-edged and equity market- 
making operations following 
the Stock Exchange big bang 
on October 27. 

When Morgan Grenfell an- 
nounced its results for 1985 
last month, it indicated that a 
rights issue from existing 
shareholders was toe preferred 

Oil prices 
‘could go 
below $10’ 

By Our Fmanrial Editor 

Crude oil prices could fall 
below $10 per barrel in the 
short term unless members of 
the Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries cut out- 
put surplus to present de- 
mand, according to a report 
from the United States De- 
partment of Energy, published 

The report gives a warning, 
however, that, cheap oil is 
unlikely to last much beyond 
the end of this year and that 
prices will gradually move 
back up to between $25 and 
$32 per barrel by the mid- 

There is little to stop further 
price falls while significant 
excess production continues, 
because the short-term mar- 
ginal costs of most producers 
are no higher than $5 to $9 per 
barrel. " 

Dr Subroto, the Indonesian 
oil minister, predicted that 
Opec’s decision to reduce 
output by 1 million barrels per 
day to 16.3 million in the third 
quarter of the year would raise 
prices to between $18 and $23 
per barrel. 

The report concludes that 
the new lower prices will cut 
the US inflation rate by 2 per 
cent, boost the growth rate by 
1.8 per cent and create 1.1 
million extra jobs by 1990. 

Indonesian W 

Tbe Indonesian Govern- 
ment is resisting attempts by 
International Tin Council 
creditors to recover some of 
their money. It will only pay 
its membership dues and will 
not accept any court ruling 
requiring it to meet debts. 

American trade row threatens Scotch 


TODAY — Interims: Low- 
land Investment Company, 
Samuel Properties, TMD Ad- 
vertising Holdings. Finals: Al- 
bany Investment Trust. 
AUebone and Sons, Edinburgh 
CHI and Gas. Hopkinsons 
Holdings, Inches pe. Norscot 

Resources Trust, Wadkin, 
Ward White Group, Wingate 
Property Investment. 

TOMORROW - Interims: 
Redfearn National Glass, 
West Yorkshire Independent 
Hospital Fmais: Bardsey, 
Barham Group, Blue Circle 
Industries, First Charlotte As- 
sets, Cecil Gee, Ropner. Tar- 
mac. Tootal Group, Jacques 
Vert. Yule Catto and 

C WEDNESDAY - Interims: 
Arbuihnol Yen Bond Fund, 
Jessups, Tate and Lyle. 
TricemroL Finals: Barr and 
Wallace Arnold Trust, Britan- 
nia Arrow, Bryson Oil and 
Gas. Cooper Industries. 
Costain Group, Parnell Elec- 
tronics. Foseco Minsep. FR 
Group. Hunting Associ ated 
Industries. Jersey General In- 
vestment Trust, London Unit- 
ed Investments, H C Slmgsby- 
THURSDAY - Interims: 
Bellwav, WeBcome. Wemyss 
Investment Trust. Finds Ab- 
erdeen Construction Group, 
Aliifand. Clarke Nickolls and 
Coombs, Ecobric Holdings, 
Firming Far Eastern .Invest 

mem. Helical Bar. Hrghcroft 

Investment Trust, FJC LiUey, 
Triefas. . _ 

FRIDAY - Interims: Prest- 
wick Hoidtsgs. Flunk: Ed- 
mond Holdings, HOLLIS, 

By David Young 

A dispute between the Unit- 
ed States and Spain which 
threatens Scotch whisky sales 
to the US is expected to be 
raised by Mr Paul Channon, 
Secretary of State for Trade 
and Industry, when he visits 
Washington this week. 

Spain is stepping up its 
duties on com products, 
among them American Bour- 
bon whiskey. Because Spain is 
a member of the EEC the US 
has said it will retaliate against 
similar EEC products. 

The Scotch Whisky Associ- 
ation has described the threat 
as illogical and suggested that 
the matter should be resolved 
before July .1 when proposed 
tariff increases on Scotch are 


We Scotch WMeky 


due to bein traduced. 

Ironically. Spanish brandy 
exports to tbe US will escape 
the threatened American tariff 

The US is by far the largest 



single market for Scotch, tak- 
ing 24.24 per cent of the 
industry's output during 1985, 
ahead of the British market 
which took 16.95 per cent and 
France in third place at 8.54 

per cenL 

Spain is also a strong mar- 
ket for Scotch, being in sixth 
place in the leage table of 
customers, taking 3.03 per 
cent of anual output 

CBI to fight US liability ruling 

Tbe Confederation of Brit- 
ish Industry is to challenge a 
ruling in the Californian 
courts which broadens the 
scope of product liability in 
the United States. It fears the 
ruling could have serious re- 
percussions for British 

Tbe employers' organiza- 
tion. is backing moves by the 
American Chamber of Com- 
merce in London to overturn 
the ruling in the US Supreme 

A bearing is expected to 
take place before the end of 
the year and the CBI hopes it 
will become a test case for 
some of the more general 
claims of jurisdiction over 
foreign companies that the US 
authorities have been making. 

The Califoroian rating in- 
volved a claim against a 
Taiwanese company whose 
allegedly defective tyres 
caused a motorcycle accident 

The Taiwanese company, 
having settled out of court for 
substantial da mages , then 
made a claim against a Japa- 

By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 
nese manufacturer which had supplied the final equipment 

supplied the valves in the tyre. 
Although the Japanese com- 
pany had no business dealings 
of its own with the US. the 
Californian courts held that it 
was answerable under stale 
law for the counter claim. 

Sir Terence Beckett, direc- 
tor genera! of the CBI, de- 
scribed the niling as a 
threatening extension of al- 
ready excessive claims by the 
US authorities of jurisdiction 
over foreign companies. 

“If the decision is left 
standing, it could have alarm- 
ing, consequences for British 
and other non-US firms.” be 

“Component manufactur- 
ers that have no business 
dealings whatsoever in the US 
would be vulnerable to prod- 
uct liability and other claims 
in the American courts if their 
products were incorporated in 
goods sold into the States. 

“Component manufactur- 
ers might not even be aware of 
the rules to which they were 
subject where their customers 

to a wide spread of markets. 

“ This represents a quite 
unacceptable assertion of ju- 
risdiction of US courts and 
comes at a time when escalat- 
ing product liability costs are 
already malting life difficult 
for British manufacters with 
established business links with 
the US." 

The CBI last week filed a 
brief with the US Supreme 
Court making clear its view of 
the Californian ruling and the 
impart it believes it could 
have on international trade. 

The cost of product liability 
insurance for exporters to the 
United States has already 
escalated to almost prohibi- 
tive levels and the CBI be- 
lieves it will be virtually 
impossible to secure cover 
against counter claims of the 
troe the Taiwanese tyre man- 
ufacturer made against the 
Japanese company. 

Mr Paul Channon, the 
Trade and Industry Secretary, 
is expected to raise the ruling 
in talks with officials during 

his visit to the US this week. 

Mr Channon is expected to 
tell US officials that attempts 
to extend US laws to cover 
foreign companies are unac- 
ceptable and carry the risk of 
retaliatory action by the EEC 

Mr Mel Stephens, the US 
attorney bringing the action 
on behalf of the American 
Chamber of Commerce and 
toe CBI. said he thought there 
was a good chance of the US 
Supreme Court overturning 
toe Californian ruling. 

He said that the Supreme 
Court hearing could have wide 
ranging implications for other 
areas where toe US authorities 
had claimed jurisdiction over 
foreign companies. 

There was a risk that toe 
Supreme Court would avoid 
the issue by narrowing the 
scope of toe bearing to toe 
specific case in dispute. 

But he also pointed out that 
toe Supreme Court was not 
obliged to hear cases of this 
sort and therefore felt the 
omens were good for turning it 
into a test case. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Seers do better the 
farther they gaze 

Economic forecasting is an infant 
science. Its critics would say it was 
rather like the child in the Saki story, 
who as he got older never knew better 
— he simply knew more. They should 
take note of the assessment just 
carried out by the man with the 
toughest job in the business, the 
Treasury's Chief Economic Adviser, 
or keeper of the Whitehall crystal 

Given the amount of guesswork 
involved, perhaps the most curious 
fact about official forecasting is that it 
manages to get so close to the 
outcome for output and inflation; 
and most outside forecasters, how- 
ever critical of the details, would 
acknowledge this. 

But a most intriguing finding, 
presented by Sir Terence Bums in a 
recent lecture at the Royal Society, 
shortly to be published, is that the 
real strides have been made in 
forecasting output and inflation as 
much as two years ahead. There has 
not been nearly such improvement in 
the business of forecasting the im- 
mediate future. 

That, of course, is not the same 
thing as saying that longer-term 
forecasts are now more reliable than 
one-year forecasts. If forecasters were 
now equally good at both tasks, one 
would still naturally expect errors to 
increase as they peered further into 
the mists of the future. But in the 
same lecture. Sir Terence makes the 
remarkable point that while ibis 
remains true for inflation forecasts, it 
is no longer true for output. 

Man and machine 

If you “annualize” the errors 
(which very crudely means multiply- 
ing by four the error in a forecast 
looking only three months ahead, 
while dividing by two the error in 
forecasts looking 24 months ahead) 
for prices they nse just as one would 
expect, the further ahead the fore- 
caster looks. But the annualized 
errors actually fall, quite dramati- 
cally, with the length of the forecasts 
for gross domestic product Here, it 
seems, long sight has not only 
improved over the past 15 years or 
so; it is nowadays actually rather 
better than short sight 

Sir Terence Burns's crystal ball is a 
compound of man and machine; a 
mathematical model now running to 
something like 1.000 equations, 
which has — on the one hand — to be 
fed through a computer, and — on the 
other — to have his results massaged 
by his econometricians. 

The acid — indeed the only — test of 
economic forecasting is if it is proved 
correct But what happens if policy 
changes, or there are unforeseeable 
international crises? Is it better to be 
shown to be intelligently wrong or 
right purely by chance? Sir Terence 
refuses to be diverted; actual results 
are the only proper test partly 
because it is so tricky to try to recreate 
the world of might-have-been, partly 
because a necessary development in 
forecasting is to build in likely policy 
responses to changing circumstances. 
This is certainly true for an official 

Even so, there have clearly been 
periods when forecasting was com- 
plicated by dramatic changes, and so 
was objectively more difficult So the 
Treasury economist has constructed 

an “index of variation” — a measure 
of how growth and inflation have 
oscillated from one year to another. If 
GDP increases steadily at 2 per cent a 
year while inflation runs at a persis- 
tent 4 per cent theft the index of 
variation of both is z’ero. 

This is useful, because it enables 
one to test official forecasting against 
the simple no-change method: fore- 
casts that merely assume year two is a 
repetition of year one. If the 
forecasters’ errors are greater than the 
index of variation, clearly the whole 
machinery of model-based forecast- 
ing is a waste of lime. 

Fortunately for Sir Terence and his 
crew, their forecast errors do turn out 
to be a lot smaller than the index of 
variation. For forecasts of output 
looking one year ahead errors have 
recently been a good deal lower, in 
relation to the index of variation, 
than they were in the late 1 970s. But 
the record is not that much better, 
either for output or prices, than it was 
at the beginning of the 1 970s. 

The unknown ‘now’ 

It is in forecasting up to two years 
ahead that there has been the 
dramatic improvement on both 
scores; and for output, the improve- 
ment has been such as to create this 
strange ability to describe the farther 
future better than tomorrow. 

A possible explanation is that 
disturbances to output tend to work 
their way out in the wash. This, of 
course, appeals to the prevailing 
Treasury view that the economy 
contains built-in output stabilizers, 
while there is no inherent tendency 
for inflation to stabilize. But this view 
may equally have led to the Treasury 
putting more effort into forecasting 
farther ahead, which might be the 
simplest explanation for the 
improvement in the results. 

Whatever the merits of that argu- 
ment. it is certainly true that events 
such as strikes or changes in interest 
rates may have dramatic but short- 
lived effects difficult to forecast It is 
also plain that forecasting tomorrow 
is made peculiarly difficult by the fact 
that unlike the weatherman, the 
economist does not even know what 
is happening today; vital information 
is slow to materialize, and often 
heavily revised. 

Policy lessons 

Sir Terence does not expect any 
dramatic improvements in short- 
term forecasts: but he does believe 
errors in official forecasts looking as 
much as four years ahead may 
continue to fall. 

What, meanwhile, are the lessons 
for policy? The first, as he acknowl- 
edges. is the need to look at all 
possible information in the dicey but 
necessary job of forecasting the near 
future. The Treasury now apparently 
monitors about 30 outside forecasts 
on a regular basis. But the second — 
which is particularly relevant to the 
present moment — is the need to view 
short-term forecasts of growth with 
exceptional caution when the econ- 
omy is sustaining some large shock. 
Economies have a tendency to be- 
have perversely in their initial re- 
sponse. Ministers may be wise not to 
invest too much confidence in the 
very short-term. 




\ics Editor 

Thh advertisement » issued In compliance u Hh the requirements at the Council al The Stock Enhance. 



(Incorporated in England under the Companies Acta 1948 10 1080 No. 154443) i 

Placing by 

fielding, Newson-Smith & Co. 
of 1,350,000 ordinary shares of 20p each at 105p per share 



Share Capital 

Ordinary shares of 20p each 

btued and now being 
mawd tally pud 


The Group is engaged in two main activities: the publication of high quality art and art history books 
principally under the Phaidon imprint and the creation and international marketing of illustrated 
reference book series and multi-volume encyclopaedias by Equinox. 

son to deal in 

lume encyclopaedias by Equinox. 

Application has been made to the Council of The Stock Exchange for the grant of permission to deal in 
the ordinary shares of the Company in issue and to be issued in the Unlisted Securities Market. A 
proportion of the shares being placed is available to the pub lie through the market during market hours 
today. It is emphasised that no application has been made for these securities to be admitted tolisting. 
Particulars relating to the Company are available in the Extel Statistical Services and copies of the 
Prospectus may be obtained during normal business hours on any weekday (Saturdays excepted} up to 
and including 12th May, 1986 from:— 

28th April 1986 

Fielding, Newson-Smith & Co. 
Garrard House, 

31-45 Gresham Street, 

London EC2V7DX. 
























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( GILT -EDGED - ") 

Foreign investors may 
plump for mediums 

Mr Nigd Lawson would 
probably vehemently deny it, 
but most commentators agree 
that attempted depredations 
of sterling have been a feature 
of British policy on several 
occasions over die past four 
or five years. 

Typically such attempts 
have ended in tears, with the 
fall in sterling eventually 
threatening to get out of 
hand, forcing a defensive rise 
in base rates.* Indeed some- 
times short-term interest 
rates have bad to rise back 
above their original levels, 
before confidence in the cur- 
rency has been restored. 

Most United Kingdom ob- 
servers have thus been watch- 
ing the recent US attempts to 
effect a managed deprecia- 
tion of the dollar with a 
certain fascination. Hie risk 
has always been that the slide 
in the dollar would get out of 
hand and force into reverse 
the gradual easing of US 
monetary policy which we 
have seen over the past few 

The Americans have a lot 

the confidence of overseas 

International confidence in 
the dollar is thus currently 
more important than ever. 

To cut the discount rate as 
the Fed did without German 
support in the run-up to the 
new bond auction pro- 
gramme thus seemed a dis- 
tinctly high risk strategy. The 
rate cut, rather than adding to 
the enthusiasm for US rates, 
simply resulted in a very 
sharp fall in the dollar. The 
dollar's effective exchange 
rate has thus fallen 6 per cent 
since the first week in April. 

A rise in US short rates 
seems unthinkable given do- 
mestic political pressures. 
The abrupt fell in the dollar, 
spectacular even by the vola- 
tile standards in currency 
markets, is nevertheless going 
to provide a severe test for 
the new bond auctions. Few 
would thus rule out a further 
rise in US longer-term inter- 
est rates 

Moreover. US short rates 
may not be about to rise, but 
bond markets around the 

going for them when they try world may have to face an 
and manage their exchange uncomfortable period with 
rate, not least their sheer short-term interest rates 
economic and political power stuck at levels well above 
to influence economic policy those which bond yields were 

in other countries so that it 
will accommodate US poli- 
cies of the day. 

It would be difficult to 
envisage any modern British 
Chancellor, for example, giv- 

moving to discount a few 
weeks ago. 

In many respects, indeed, 
the United Kingdom gilt 
market may be one of the 
more vulnerable markets in- 

ing "advice" quite so bluntly temationally. Gilt yields of 9 
to the German and Japanese per cent or less are discount- 
governments about how they ing further base rate cuts well 
ought to conduct their eco- below 10.5 per cent 
nomic policies as the Ameri- The Chancellor, however, 
cans have recently done. seems to be pursuing an 
The domestic pressures on extremely cautious exchange 
US policymakers to get on rate policy — probably wisely 
with the business of cutting — in view of oil price uncer- 
interest rates has, however, tainties. He is thus not likely 

mounted dramatically in re- 
cent weeks. * 

Bankruptcies in the fann- 
ing states have been joined by 
bankruptcies in the oil states 

to cut base rates again ahead 
of further cuts in short-term 
interest rates internationally. 

Thus although the gilt mar- 
ket, like bond markets 

The Germans, perhaps ex- 
pecting criticism, may deflect 
it by announcing the token 
cut in the Lombard rate 
which they conspicuously did 
not announce last week. Oth- 
erwise, it must be admitted 
optimism has dwindled. 

So, having seen the initial 
round of interest _raie_ re- 
uses to lower oil prices, 
irther progress towards low- 
er interest rates here and 
around ibe world is likely to 


There will be progress 
eventually, since the current 
level of real interest rates is , 
absurd, given unemployment 
both here and elsewhere. 

As inflation fells away this 
summer, moreover, real rates 
will become even more ab- 
surd and the pre ssures to cut 
nominal rates can oftfy 
mount. But the process of 
gening base rates down in 
line with current gilt yields 
will probably take months 
rather than weeks. 

This sort of time gap will 
inevitably leave the market 
vulnerable to accidents — 
political or economic. Fur- 
ther, until we have actually 
seen some firm evidence of 
this year's low inflation rates 
feeding through to lower 
wage settlements, there are 
some feirly solid arguments 
for not chasing longer yields 
very much below current 

There would thus seem to 
be good reasons to avoid the 
risks inherent in the longer- 
dated end of the yield curve 
and for moving a little 

The attractions here are 
only compounded when we 
consider the great hope of 
every gilt broker in London. 

If international (Japanese) 

investors are indeed growing 
it would 

nervous of the dollar it 
seem perfectly plausible to 

as the oil price has tumbled, around the world, fully takes 
The combined result is a very on board the implications of 

suggest that tiv^ might diver- 
sify some of their fun 

jjotent political lobby to ease 

monetary policy and cut 

The slow process of putting 
together successive rounds of 
internationally coordinated 
interest rate cuts bas thus 
produced growing US impa- 
tience. This culminated in the 
move to cut the discount rate 
a few days ago in spite of 
fairly obvious reluctance on 
the part of the Germans to 


lower oil prices for inflation 
and hence real interest rates, 
further progress is going to be 
difficult unless more cuts in 
short-term rates around the 
world come into view. 

Any reductions in rates 
abroad, unfortunately, are 
likely to be slow. Hopes were 
once high that the approach- 
ing Tokyo summit would 
provide an ideal forum for 
further co-ordinated interest 

rods into 
sterling, particularly given 
Mr Lawson's cautious ap- 

proach to the currency. Any 

join in another round of rate rale cuts to be hammered out. 
cuts just yet The Americans, however. 

The American impatience seem to be trying to broaden’ 
to cut interest rates and ease the scope of the summit via 

such switch can only 

International investors, 
however, have seldom found 
the longer end of die market 
particularly attractive and 
this seems unlikely to change, 
given the current shape of the 
yield curve. If international , 
investment does come to play ' 
a role in the gUt market, and 
given the problems with US 
policy noted earlier, it is most 
likely to concentrate on the 
medium-dated issues. 

the dollar has tended to 
overlook, even so. the funda- 
mental dependence of the US 
economy at the moment on 

the introduction of issues 
such as terrorism. This seems 
bound to take the emphasis 
away from economic issues. 

George Hodgson 

Chief Economist with 
Scrimgeour Vickers A Co. the 


Vickers: Dr Tony McCann 
joins the board from May 22. 

Richards, Hogg interna- 
tional: Mr Raymond Wong 
will be admitted into partner- 
ship from Thursday. Mr Nigel 
Rogers will be admitted into 
partnership with Richards 
Hogg International Adjusters, 
afaomnn Thuaday- 
Bryant Holdings: Mr Stuart 
Roberts has become managing 
director of Bryant Construc- 
tion Southern and Mr John 
Damson finance director and 
secretary of Bryant Homes. 

• The Dorchester Hotel: Mr 
John Waring has been made 
director of personnel, Mr 
Jean Fad Faerater manager 
and Mbs Fiona Lindsay pub- 
lic relations manager. 

BUck Internationa]: Mr An- 
drew Caldecott has been made 
a non-executive director. 

Cameron Markby: Mr A 
McKmgbt, Mr J B Dunn, 
Miss E S Ltmck, Mr N A 
Sega] and Mr M J Paynter 
will become partners from 

j f~USM REVIEW - ) 

Toy importer 

for a role in services 

Mr David Batchelor 

Jaidine Insurance Brokers, 
Hong Kong: Mr David 
Batchelor has been appointed 
chief executive. 

London International 
Group: Mr Douglas Baker has 
been appointed a nonexecu- 
tive director. 

Barlow Lyde & Gilbert: Mr 
Janes Butler and Mr Stephen 
Mostyn-WOIiaBB have been 
made partners. 

Prestwich Holdings: Mr 
John Laurie is now group 
financial director. 

Securities and Investments 
Board: Mr Archibald Coir, Jr 
has been made a part-time 
director for the period to May 

Union Carbide Corpora- 
tion: Mr Robert Kennedy has 
been elected president and 
chief executive officer. 

Richards Butler Mr T D 
Phtott, Mr LG Rees, Mr T E 
Watts, Miss Lisa Minoprio, 
Mr C H K SwindalL Mr J S 
Austin, Mr R C Nicholson, 
Mr EG Gray, Mr C A Brown 
and Mr J F Emmott become 
partners from Thursday. 

Diexel Burnham Lambert 
Incorporated: Mr Sam Hunter 
is to join the company as 
senior vice president in charge 
of the equity trading 

Glynwed International Mr 
Gareth Davies is to succeed 
Sir Leslie Fletcher as chair- 
man at the end of the year. 

The service companies on five colleges out of six located 
the Unlisted Securities Market outside London, 
may no longer generate the The annual intake of tram- 
excitement in the City which ees by accountants is continu- 
pre vailed two years ago, but ing to rise and the growing 
they are proving a fertile emphasis on formal regulation 
hunting ground for entrepre- in areas such as banking and 
news wanting to rapidly build stockbroking offers tbe pros- 
up broadjy-based cormmmica- pec! of steady growth in this 
tions groups rapidly. area. 

The latest move came with The company has _ an- 
Friday's announcement of a nounced its 1985 pre li min a ry 

sure, and Chart Fouiks Lynch 
will provide the foundation 
stone of a new division spe- 
cializing in that area. 

Cowan de Grootis gap 
interested in farther diverstfi- 

rewanfod with an fasted pro£* 
it oftS percent because On the. 
second day rf dealings tbef. 
company announced dm it> 
had won a contract to coardtft 
rote the 

r^Son’^ Guildhall ^ 
recruitment p ^ 

has been progressing after CapeLCure Myers is Mid- 

Fridays announcement or a nouncea its im prenmmary fands-based Debtor, one ot toc^ 

£5. 1 million agreed bid for the figures, which showed a 30 per largest raanufecturmof bras, 

cent mcr^e in pretax profits STrange* of coordinated; 


ists, Chart Fouiks Lynch, by 
Mr Philip Birch’s (of Ward 
White feme) vehicle. Cowan 
de Groot 

Chart Fouiks Lynch has 
enjoyed a short life as a public 
company. It came to tbe USM 
last November and is one of 

to £334.000. 

Cowan de Groot is a mixed 
bag of toy impaling and 
electrical wholesaling which 
be&n to look more interesting 
in January when Mr Birch 
took a 9.5 per cenVstakc. 

The acquisition of Chart 

April 1986are likriyto show andrang»of coordinate^ 
an advance in pretax profits to lingerie WfcT 

£1.) million (versus . 

three quoted companies which Fouiks "Lynch is the 
provide full-time, correspon- company's first step since then 
dent and “linked” tuition and marks the beginning of its 
courses for accountancy and _ development into thecomma- 
law students nica tions and services field. 

U nlike its competitors, Fi- Mr Birch sees education 
nandal Training and BPP and training as a potential area 
Holdings, Chart Fouiks Lynch of growth as state facilities 
has a strong regional base with ' come under increasing pres- 

£829.000). , , 

On a pro forma bass for 
1986-87. pretax profits for the 
combined group could read 
£1.75 million, which leaves 
the shares on a prospective 
multiple of !3i. With the 
prospect of further acquisi- 
tions this is reasonable 
New issues have dominated 
USM activity in the last few 
weeks. The lucky pfeces in last 

week’s ofScxing in the archi- 
tects. DY Paries, have been 

isa retailers and mail order , 
houses, and after flotation 
intends to handle the supply 
of nightwear and swimwear. , ; 

The company made profits* 
before tax in 1985 of £1.4:. 
million and the shares arefe 
bring placed on a multiple of, 
IU times. - 

Isabel Unswortfe 

The author is a member ofthe ■- 
smaller companies' unit m. 
■A Drew. 



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Ctmncary SACS 

Cheekpo** Etsqpa 

29 26 149 

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Equity & Law 

Another good year, for profits and 

new business 

Ext r acts fro m tbe Statement by the Chairman, Sir Douglas Wass, GCB. 
and the Report and Accounts for 1985 


* Tbtal long term business profits allocated to the 
policyholders and shareholders were £72. 5m 
compared with £60. 8m for the preceding year. 

Cm P ren wun Income 
300 n 1 Single ■■Annual ^1 

* A final dividend for 1985 of 5. 7p per share is being 
recommended. This makes a total for the year of 
6.7p, an increase of 19% on the previous year. It 
represents a full distribution of the year’s earnings. 


* New annual premiums rose by 22%, substantially more 
than both the rate of increase in the life assurance 
market as a whole and the rate of inflation Abroad, 
our main increase in new business in 1985 was in the 
Netherlands, following several years of rapid 
expansion in Germany. 

We have continued to devote much time and energy 
to product innovation and development After 
introducing Multiplan in 1983 as our basic life assurance 
contract, we launched Multipension in January 1985 
aimed at the individual pensions market followed by 
the Low-Cost Homebuyers' Plan in July for the 
house purchase market 

* The Society has the financial strength to take advantage 
of the opportunities likely to arise and the quality of staff 
at all levels, led by skilled and experienced senior 
management, to enable it to respond effectively. lam 
confident that the Society will continue to provide good 
value for both policyholders and shareholders and - ■ 
maintain its position in the forefront of UK life assurance 

76 77 T8 79 BO , 81 82 83 ’8* 85 

£m Society^ Dividend 


New annual premiums 



45. 2 

£ million 




New single premiums 

1 20.1 



Tbtal premium income 




. Long Term Business assets 




Earnings ' 








• .S V v U 

• . '-if- 

76 77 78 79 8o 8] 928394 85 

Copies q( the Report and Accounts incorporating theChairmansStatement 
&nda full Review of 1 965 may be obtained from: The Secretary. Equity & Law 
Life Assurance Society pic. Ameisham Road. High Wycombe, Bucks HP135AL 

Equity & Law 

7933000 Courts 
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Montreal 2.1179-Z1341 

Brussels 125531-125348 
Cptnan 125531-125348 
DutiSr 1.0989-1. 1186 
Litton 212-46-224.44 
Madrid 213-13-21 5S7 
MBanM 2294.782330.13 
Oslo 108887-10.7419 
Paris 106360-108218 
StWtotl 105099-108324 
Tokyo 257.B8-260S5. 
Vienna 23^9-2085 
Zurich 2.7862-2-8385 



3 7793-3. 7853 










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765 (day's range 

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Pound maria 

Greece drachma. 
Hang Kong doCar , 

MOa rupee 

«raq*iar . 

_ 1165-1156 


Canada 1586015870 

Swecmn 757007,0750 

Norway 1980009850 

Kuwait dinar KD — 0*3900*«£ 
Mateystodoflsr 1938030441 

Mexico peso. 


New Zealand dolar — 16273-2.6382 

Saudi AratM rlyal 5581055620 

SitworadoBar 13437-35491 

Sonn Africa rend 


by Barctars Baric HOFEXaad ExtaL •* *- T -^- Bm * 


Clearing Banks 10Xr 
Finance House 12K 


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Owemtft hue 10 Low 9 


7 days 

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— , (Ofseoum%) 

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2mntn 101 2mnA 10>ia 

Srmtitj 10% 3 irertfr 9'*u 

Mas B«* BBb (Oscount %) 
imnth 10V10"» 2ranth lOX-Kfc? 
3mnth 10 'is-IO'zj 6mnth 

Trade BSs (Discount %) 

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1 weak 11JJ.11 fimmh IMS 

Imnth lOVlO^m 9mnth 9*»i*4»* 
Smrth W»ltPn 12mOi 9"*£e w 

g uars tOg 7 days 10% 

1 firth 1t» Smntti 10S 

6mnth0fc 12roiti Bh 

7 days 4!*i»4 ,, ia 
3 mrith 


7 days 714-7* 

3 mrith 714-7% 

Sw iss FrttC 
7dSy$ 12-iis 
3mrah 4*-4% 

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3 mrith 4V4« 

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1 mnth SWia.n M 
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1 mnth 4"»4*» 
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1 mnth 7»»-"ie 
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ca« ZVU4 

6 mnQi 4V4 
«fH 51-41 
1 mnth S'rM »4 



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9 mnth 9 VS* 12 mth SVSfc 

1 mfflh 10'A-iOi 
6 mntn 9V-9* 

3 mnth IPicIVm 
12 mth 9'ia-9»» 


1 mrah 6.1 _ «... 
6mmh fi.65550 

3 mnth 6706.Q 
12 mth &7M.70 

: 24075m aUattEIDOm 

K £87545% recaNtt ion! 

Last woelc £87.6% lecahiadtE 

Anpa rae; 05470% . last wk £ 9 . 6031 % 
Msn week: CiOttn repiaca £10Qm 

In this year’s budget the 
Chancellor has provided new 
opportunities for companies, 
and their staff, to support 
charities of their choice, at home 
and overseas. 

Through Oxfam your company, 
or employees, can help some of 
the third world’s poorest people 
to build a better future for 

To find out how your company 
can effectively meet its social 

responsibility write for Oxfam’s 

briefing pack, to: 



® am ' ^ 

relief, development, 
research and public 

1 1 -c; 
■ ■ .■ .-.-Vi 




5*?^ 3i 


HOLDETC: Sun Life Assort 
has purchased 1.75 mffliao or- 

stares, taking its interest 
taa. 45 minion stares (25.41 per 

Inc, a subsidiary , repents for the 
J™, quarter of 1986- Sales 
>fen$34 3 mfllion (Can$3?S6 
mtllion). Net income CfenSiJS 

ss^af 50 ’- a8a ™ 


Group now owns, or has re- 
ceived acceptances for, 19.88 
million shares (82.7 per cent). 
The offer remains open until 
farther no tice. 

•SECURITIES trust of 
SCOTLAND: Total dividend 

ftrj5»JSF *5 Ma«* 1986, 

JP V 4 P)- One-for-one scrip issue. 
Gross revenue, franked, £4.42 
miffion (£3.75 million) and 
tmfianked, £5.04 million (£4.74 
million). Earnings per share 
S.44p(4,21p),' . 

Gross income for the bait-year 

March 3J. 1986. £887,000 
65 1,000). Pretax profit 
£255,000 (£235,000). 

•. M J GLEESON: Interim 
dividend 1.65p (!.5p), payable 


DIS TILLERIES ; Total divi- 
V dfend of 17.5p on “A” ordinary 
- and 8.75p on “B~ ordinary 
stares for 1985 — an increase of 
lpon the “A" and 0.5p on the 
“B". Turnover £1733 million 
(£1631 million). Pretax profit 
£1.72 milli on (£2.01 million ) 
Earnings per share: “A" 52.86p 
(67^6p) and “B" 26.43p 

Tital payment for 1985 2.7p 
(2.5p). Turnover £19.82 million 
(£19.63 million). Pretax profit 
£1.11 million (£1.01 minio n) 
Earnings - per share 1 l.74p 

(ii.s6p)_ • •• 

• CD BRAMALL: Dividend 
for 1985 lip (957p) gross. 
Turnover £102.62 million 
(£61.14 million). Pretax' profit 
£3.31 million (£2.68 million). 

ATION: . Bestwood's offer has 

'been extended until May 9. The 
total of CGA stares owned by 
Besrwood, plus acceptances, is 
new about 33.5 per cent 

The company will complete the- 
disposal of . its Neflson and 

This has resulted in the dday tn 
the prdhainaiy announcements 
for the year ended Oct. 31; 1985, 
which will now be made May 2- 

Klein won Benson, financial ad- 
viser to Siebe and deemed to be 
acting in concert with Siebe, has 
purchased for iis own account 
1.74 million APV. shares at 
575p- Siebe, together with par- 
ties deemed to be acting in 
concert, now hold 4.7 million 
APV shares (14.9 per centV 


' Dividend 3.55p (3 -5p) per pre- 
ferred share and Q.56p (0.55p) 
per ordinary stare for 1985. 
Turnover £462J)00 (£518,000). 
Pretax, profit £51.000 
(£1 16,000). Earnings per share 
0.45p (l_28p). 

AND SONS: Total dividend for 
(985 lp(4p) for 1985. Turnover 
£1394 mxlHon (£13 million). 
Pretax toss £732,000 (loss 
£48,000). Loss per share 24.48p 

• TOWLES: Year to Feb, 28, 
1986. Dividend 2.9p (same). 
Turnover £15.19 milliou (£143 
million). Pretax profit £597,000 
(£580,000). Earnings per share 
net basis 16.44p (iSitepL 


NEWSPAPERS: Total pay- 
mem 7p (same) for 1985. Turn- 
over £13.19 million (£13.08 
million). Loss before tax 
£461.000 (profit £1.08 million). 
Loss per stare 8-9p (earnings 
23.7p). Loss before tax inchides 
an exceptional toss of £1.06 
jjnillion from closures and 

tax profits’ for 1985 dropped 
from £3.12 million to £1.05 
million. Turnover 18 per rent 
higher at £287.52 million- Divi- 
dend total lOp (6.36p). 

• J W SPEAR: Pretax profits 
for 1985, £884.000, aganua 
£858,000, on turnover of £9.63 
million, against £8-3 million, 
jf dial dividend 6p (4p). 

Rank looks for new 
direction after 
Granada bid blow 

By Cliff FeHtam 

Th e Rank Organisation's 
dream of creating ‘a multi- 
nriffion pound leisure empire 
but of a merger with Granada 
has . ended as no more ttap a 
footnote in the City’s history 

But the failure — or bl under , 
as some experts still believe — 
has posed the question for Mr 
Michael Gifford, chief execu- 
tive and driving force at Rank, 
where now? 

The first signs of a crack in 
the Rank share twice appeared 
this week after a downgra ding 
of - profit forecasts by .die 
stockbroker, de Zoete and 

The brokers lopped £10 
million off their 1986 projec- 
tions after a disappointing 
first quarter from the Xerox 
business indicating an out- 
come of £155 million com- 
pared with £137 mini on last 

Most Gty analysts agree 
that while Rank is not expect- 
ed to pop up immediately with 
another me gabid, l k fi rana<ta 
episode leaves the credibility 
of the Rank board open to 
doubt “The present manage- 
ment has little track record of 
entrepreneurial expansion” 
observed one analyst in pro- 
phetic mood even before the 
Granada offer was launched. 

Granada was a perfect fit for 
Rank. Mr Gifford does not 
disguise his disappointment 
He said this week: “The 
opportunities offered by a get- 
together with Granada were 
unique. We will continue to 
look around but I am never 
very optimistic about the 
chances of finding something 
that fits exceptionally well at a 
price we are prepared to pay”. 

He disclosed that Rank had 
drawn up a “menu” of other 
courses of action in case its 
£750 milli on offer drew a veto 
from, the Independent Broad- 
casting Authority apprehen- 
sive about the transfer of 

Michael Gifford: keen to 
expand holiday business 

ownership of the Granada 
television franchise. 

“These ranged from pledges 
to make no rhangw at Grana- 
da TV to demerging it. What 
we never imagined was that 
the IBA would not even talk to 

There is some sympathy for 
Mr Gifford in the City. One 
analyst said: “The Granada 
muddle should be blamed on 
his financial advisers”. 

Mr Oliver Hail, at the 
brokers Grieveson Grant, 
said: “I am still very keen on 
Rank shares. They have a 
record ofbad management but 
have been turned round. The 
unfortunate aspect of the Gra- 
nada affair is that some people 
might wonder whether the 
management ofrflitg ps have 
gone far enough” 

Like most analysts, be was 
hard pressed to think of a 
likely candidate to fulfil's 
Rank's long awaited acquisi- 
tion programme. 

“Their leisure activities are 
very diversified, so they may 
be able to strap on some bits 
and pieces. There should be 
opportunity for picking up 
some parts of Imperial Group, 
assuming that Hanson decides 
to sdL And there may be some 
opportunities to expand its 

hotels, perhaps in the North of 

Jane Anscombe. of de Zoete 
and Sevan, said: “The City 
does not want to see Michael 
Gifford leaping into another 
bid just because Granada has 
failed. It is possible he will 
look at expanding in the 
United States or perhaps in 
film services.* 

But while Rank's ability to 
launch a major acquisition has 
been called into question, 
there is no doubting its success 
in weeding out unwanted 

Since moving into Rank 
from Cadbury Schweppes in 
July 1983 Mr Gifford has 
disposed ofa £250 million rag- 
bag of businesses, many losing 

He has successfully refo- 
cused the group, dramatically 
improving the performance of 
its own managed businesses 
and reducing the dependence 
on its earnings from iis Xerox 

So where does Rank go 

Mr Gifford admits be was 
keen to get his hands on 
Granada's considerable cash 
flows generated from its tele- 
vision rental c hains. 

“We are very good at oper- 
ating a lot of cash businesses 
on a large number of sites. Did 
you know that we have over 
75.000 beds in the UK and 
serve around 10 million meals 
a year? 

“We are keen to expand our 
holiday business and have just 
spent £25 million on Butiin’s. 
We would like to be bigger as a 
holiday tour operator and 
think we are underweight in 
overseas holidays. 

In the meantime. Mr' 
Gifford intends to hold on to 
the 8 per cent stake in Grana- 
da buut up during the briefbid 
battle. “It would be nice to 
have under your belt if we 
ever felt able to go back to 

When is a monopoly 
not a monopoly? 

The phoney war which has so 
: for -characterized Tiiflsdown 
Holding's £430 million bid for 
S&W Berisford. whose prize 
asset is British Sugar Corpora- 
' tion, must end. soon. BSCs 
arch-rival, Tate & Lyle, or 
another company will join the 
fray with a counter-bid. 

But whatever course the 
battle takes, its outcome is 
likely to be decided, or at least 
heavily influenced, by White- 
hall. And an important part of 
the regulators’ deliberations 
.will be the consequences for 
Britain's national sugar policy 
of a successful bid. 

BSC is more than just a 
company. It is, in a sense, a 
whole industry- The corpora- 
tion has a monopoly in Britain 
of beet sugar refining and 
controls slightly more than 
half of the 2-2 million tonnes 
of sugar refined each year in 
this country. 

The European Community 
sugar pricing regime ensures 
that BSC is more profitable 
than Tate, which has the rest 
of the British market and 
refines only cane sugar. 

The Community regime is 
crucial to understanding why 
BSC is powerful, to the point 
of being semwnonopolistic, 
even without being merged 
with Tate, as the Tate manage- 
ment would tike. 

The regime is unusual in 
settiite not just the price to the 
beet firmer — as it guarantees 
prices to other farmers — but 
also in establishing the price 
received by the manufacturer. 

But beet and cane refiners 
do not enjoy the same mar- 
gins. Whereas the cost of beets 
at the factory gate is about 
£2 1 8 a tonne, the price guaran- 
teed to the African, Caribbean 
and Pacific cane growers un- 

By Michael Finest, Financial Correspondent 

las so der the Lonte Convention is ready 
down £302 a tonne. sugar 

id for The net intervention price The 
prize for refined sugar — the price at which 
pora- which the Commission prom- add re: 
BSCs ises to buy sugar from the event 
e, or refiners— is £362 a tonne. It is or ini 
in the often possible, in feet, for the which 
refiners to sell at a slightly tions, 
: the higher price than that. ly she 
ne is So BSC enjoys a minimum Britisi 
t least gross margin of £1 17 a tonne, Europ 
/bite- while Tate's is £60 a tonne. Dot 
art of But the essential point is white 
toons that BSCs operations, sup- munit 
s for ported by heavy capital in- **Brit 
xilicy vestment which has created redun 
some of the most efficient Wh 
^ a refineries in Europe, are inher- meat 
ise. a ently more profitable than with 1 
rjora- Tate’s.- the 1 

K tain Indeed, Tate's operations wants 
and ■** n<w reduced to two cen- Tate i 
lhan ties, the huge sprawling refin- and ci 
wines «y at Silvertown* in east chan© 
ar jjj London and the smaller refin- can l 
ery at Greenock in Strath- increa 

unity d uota 

jnres BSC, in contrast, made demai 
[table £53.6 million profit last year, sugar 
s rest admittedly less than the £65 150.0C 
” and million earned in 1982 when it 1990s] 
was bought by Berisford. differe 
- Since the 1982 Monopolies beet n 
and Mergers Commission re- Unc 
port on the Berisford bid foegei 
strongly recommended that suffiri 
any subsequent change in erame 
“““ BSC'S status should be exam- Comn 
iced, ft is difficult to see bow a prepar 
reference can 'be avoided by pendei 
al in anybody. Hillsdown is as tike- for a < 
o the iy to find itself in the dock as sugar, 
ntees anyone else, although it is The 
- but clearly not encumbered by the OFT 
price same monopoly problems as referra 
turer, Tate. posed 

Enters But Tate has been putting a BSC. 1 
mar - sophisticated case to the Of- the Gc 

fice of Fair Trading. Its argu- 
ment is that abuse of market 
position — the EEC way of 
looking at monopoly — in 
Britain is prevented by the 

ready availability of cheap 
sugar from the Continent 

The question, therefore, to 
which the regulators should 
address themselves in the 
event of a bid by Tale for BSC. 
or indeed by any company 
which raises monopoly ques- 
tions, is whether the monopo- 
ly should be seen only in a 
British context or m the wider 
European one. 

Does the free movement of 
white sugar within the Com- 
munity render the idea of a 
•'British” monopoly 

Whitehall's view at the mo- 
ment seems dear. It is happy 
with the present structure of 
the British industry, and 
wants to keep both BSC and 
Tate in business as separate 
and competing companies. If 
changes are to be made, they 
can be accommodated by 
increasing Britain’s overall 
quota to take account of 
demand for chemical uses of 
sugar (perhaps another 
150,000 tonnes by the mid- 
1990s) or by narrowing the 
differential between cane and 
beet refining margins. 

Underlying this approach is 
thegeneral policy of food self- 
sufficiency. No British gov- 
ernment. whether in the 
Community or not, yet seems 
prepared to countenance de- 
pendence on other countries 
for a commodity as basic as 

The legal obligation on the 
OFT is to recommend a 
referral in a case such as that 
posed by a Tate takeover of 
BSC. It is hard to believe that 
the Government would set so 
portentous a precedent as 
allowing a foil domestic mo- 
nopoly of sugar refining, re- 
gardless of the European 

Institute fears ‘blacklist’ of directors 

By Lawrence Lever 

provisions relating to the dis- 
qualification and personal li- 
ability of company directors 
come into force today. 

: Coming as part of the 
Insolvency Act 1985, they 
have sparked off c laim s from 
the Institute of Directors that 
they will lead to the Depart- 
ment of Trade and Indnsoy 
blacklisting directors of insofc* 
yenl companies. . 

• The Act provides for -dis- 
qualification of directors from 
■holding office on 
4be grounds that they are unfit 

to be involved in the man- 
agement of a company. 

it also obliges the person 
responsible for overseeing the 
winding up of an insolvent 
company, such as the liquida- 
tor, to submit a report to the 
Secretary of State, examining 
the conduct of every director 
holding office in the three 
years • preceeding ibe 

Any evidence suggesting 
that a director might be unfit concerned in the man- 
agement of a company will be 

Without handwriting. 
Or card files. 

Or bother. 

Call Ros Adams on 01-948 0241 

for the quick, simple .alternative 

passed on to the Secretary of 

“It is now dear that the 
Department will require a 
report on every director in- 
volved in a company insol- 
vency. not just those a 
liquidator considers to be 
‘unfit’,” Mr Andrew Hutchin- 
son. principal research execu- 
tive at the institute, says. 

“The material contained in 
these reports, which will have 
lo be submitted, following 
every company insolvency is 
more than enough for the 
Department to build up a 
dossier on directors with a 
track record of company fail- 
ure — and indeed of over- 
lenient liquidators." 

Disqualification of a direc- 
tor will, however, require a 
court application by the Secre- 
tary of State, rather than being 
an automatic process after an 
insolvency is envisaged. 

The Insolvency Act 1985 
also lays down guidelines for 
the courts lo take into account 
in determining whether a di- 
rector is unfit. 

These include a director’s 

responsibility for misapplica- 
tion or retention of monies or 
property of the company, for 
causing the company to enter 
into transactions which de- 
fraud creditors, and for the 
failure by the company to 
supply goods or services 
which had been paid for. 




ABN 1050% 

Adam & Company 10.50% 

BCCt 10.50% 

Citibank Savings) 10.75% 

I Cwsotatel Cnts 11.00% 

1 Cantosntia) Tost 10.50% 

Co-opara&ve Bank 10.50% 

| C. Horn & Co 10.50% 

| LLayds Bank 10.50% 

Na Westnwtstei 10-50% 

Royal Bank oJ Scotland..-. 10.50% 

TS8 1050% 

: Otta* M._ —10.50% 

t Har t gage Base Rate. 

US bank 
over two 

By Richard Lauder 

The City's latest financial 
marriage to result from rela- 
tionships forged over the Iasi 
four years ahead of October’s 
big bang takes place today, 
with the United States bank. 
Chase Manhattan, coming to 
the altar with two partners in 
the shape of the stockbrokers 
Simon and Coates and Laurie 

Chase is increasing its slake 
in the two brokers from a 
minority to 100 per cent and is 
combining both with its Lon- 
don-based Eurobond and cor- 
porate finance division to 
form a new company to be 
called Chase Manhattan 

The financial arrangements 
involved in creating the con- 
glomerate which will employ 
about 700 people, have not 
been disclosed. 

Simon and Coates's senior 
partner, Mr Michael Prag, said 
the headhunting merry-go- 
round, which has seen foe 
salaries of top City analysts 
and market makers rocket 
over- foe past year, still pre- 
vails. He said:“We are trying 
to build up our equity market- 
making team while other job- 
bing-based firms are looking 
at us for company 

However, he estimated that 
Chase has now built up about 
half its 30 market makers and 
has lost fewer people over foe 
last 12 months than in a 
normal year. 

As in many marriages, the 
newly-weds are havirg to 
make do with slightly 
cramped temporary accom- 
modation while foe new borne 
is being prepared. 

This weekend, Simon and 
Coates’s gilu bonds and corpo- 
rate finance teams have been 
leaving Finsbury Circus for 
Laurie Milbank's offices 
across London Wall in 
Basinghal! Street, passing foe 
equities personnel from Lau- 
rie Miibank as they move in 
foe opposite direction. 

In August the operation 
will move to Chase's bead- 
quarters at Woolgate House 
near Moorgate. where a new 
250-position dealing room is 
under construction. 



All this and taxmen 
too beset oil firms 

Most British oil companies 
have financial years which 
end on December 31. The 
catastrophic drop in the oil 
mice has therefore largely 
been a post-balance-sheet 
event. In announcing their 
1985 results, oil companies 
have alluded to foe felling oil 
price in their chairmen's 
statements, but they have 
been spared from showing 
the effects on their results. 

There is, of course, always 
the chance that foe price will 
strengthen again if the Orga- 
nization of Petroleum Ex- 
porting Countries restrains 
its supply meaningfully. On 
present form, however, there 
is a distinct possibility that 
low oil prices will be with us 
for two or three years. 

Although the accountancy 
profession is working on a 
standard which will cover the 
treatment of permanent loss 
in value of assets in the oil 
industry*, it is not expected to 
be ready until later this year. 
In the meantime, oil compa- 
nies will be reporting both 
quarterly and ann ual results 
to March 31, a day when oil 
and currency markets com- 
bined to give £6.95 per barrel, 
the lowest sterling oil price 
seen yet in the current crises. 

At the end of each year, the 
auditor applies a “ceiling 
test" to ail assets to ensure 
that book value is no higher 
than realizable value. In the 
case of oilfields, this will be 
based on foe discounted 
present value of future cash 
flows, normally using period 
end oil prices. 

Once an asset has been 
written down it cannot be 
written back up again Re- 
porting companies will there- 
fore understandably be 
reluctant to use foe March 31 
price. In the absence of any 
guidelines the exercise of 
judgement is certain to pro- 
duce a whole range of prices, 
and anything from $15 to $20 
a barrel is more likely to be 
substituted at this stage. If 
this gives a lower value than 
book value, then the asset 
must be written down. 

The impact of low oil 
prices on the balance sheet 
will vary throughout foe in- 
dustry, depending on foe 
carrying value of these assets. 
The assets which will be hit 
hardest in a revaluation wul 
be foe most recently devel- 
oped. and therefore the most 
expensive, fields, and fields 
in production which were 
purchased rather than devel- 
oped by foe company in 

Forties and Claymore units 
sold by BP and Occidental 
are therefore likely to suffer 
as they were purchased at 
pretax values when the oil 
price was nearer $30. 

Thus, for a Forties unit 
which had a fully taxed 
present value of just over £4 
million when foe oil price 
was $30. a purchaser was 
willing to pay £7 million 
bf reny he would be able to 
use the tax to shelter his 
drilling. The hanks, which 
had grown used to ever 
inflating oil prices, made 
loans to the purchasing com- 
panies to enable them to buy. 
The terms of these loans vary 
from borrower to borrower. 

There are two main ways of 
borrowing. “Gearing cover” 
is based on the total balance 
sheet and the formula win 
state that borrowing must not 
exceed a certain percentage of 
shareholders' funds. If assets 
have to be written down this 
can, in some cases, reduce 
shareholders’ funds to a leyd 
where they no longer provide 
cover for the loan, creating a 
problem both for foe borrow- 
er and for the bank. 

The “borrowing base 
formula” is more like project 
finance. It is based on the 
capital value of the field, 
using the discounted cash 
flow method as agrred by the 
lending banks. Typically, the 
present value calculation will 
be before corporation tax and 
often it will be before petro- 
leum revenue lax. If assets 
are written down below the 
level of foe borrowing base. 

loans may be called in. or, in 
the case of new fields, fends 
for development may 00 
longer be available. 

_ As foe accountancy profes- 
sion has not issued any firm 
rules it is tar from dear bow 
companies will account for ' 
these adjustments in foe prof- 
it and loss account. If the 
amounts are not significant 
they may be included in foe 
general depreciation charge. 
If they are large they could be 
treated as exceptional or 
even as extraordinary items. 

The new accounting stan- 
dard ED36 allows the defini- 
tion of an extraordinary item 
to include a situation where 
there has been a permanent 
diminution of an asset due to 
an unusual event. The rapid 
collapse in the oil price was 
certainly unusuaL 
. Several companies may al- 
ready be dose to foe point 
where they cannot carry on. 
The trigger mechanism is 
likely to be foe company’s 
banker, and foe banks are 
already worried about the 
dwindling cover for their 

But some companies' cash 
flows must also be giving rise 
to grave concern. The direct 
effect of lower receipts from , 
the sale of oil is compounded 1 
by a quirk in foe petroleum 
revenue tax rules. In order to 
collect the revenue as quickly 
as possible, the Government 
estimates each six months* \ 
liability on the basis of the 
previous six months’ pay- 
ments. This amount is then 
paid in monthly instalments, 
and if there is an over or 
under-payment, an adjust- 
ment is made in subsequent 

That means the industry is 
now paying monthly instal- 
ments of PRT based on 
liabilities for the six months 
to last December, when the 
oil price was nearly three 
limes its present leveL 

Is there no end to the 

Carol Ferguson 



















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825m Do A’ 

2224m Bacn 
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538 1m Euo 
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2273m MAI 
151.1m M 6 G 
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47.0m Pactfle kw TO 

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475m Sratn Brntbum 


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Willyou turn £500 of pemw shares into 
£1,000 in just six weeks? 

\ AtSmioo Friday 

" Utti August 1386. we’U prwe. 

condusivdv, that it is still possible to double your 
moo ey in j vist six by investing in peony shares. 


Stocksnarfcet Confidential (or SMC for sheet J is a 
rather inauspicious looking news sheet which is sent, 
by brat class part, erery Wedn e sd ay cwning. 

Despite its innocuous appearance it is eagerly 
read on Thursday morning by a handful of investors 
up and down the country 

Some of these investors will be professional stock- 
broker*. heads of industry and other leadingfinanriat 
experts. Between them they may control, literally, 
millions of pounds. 

Others will be smaller; private Investors 
sometimes with as tittle as £500 or £UKW with 
which to speculate. 

But what ewry render of Stockmarket 
Confidential has in ccxnmrai is the desire to discover 
what is likely to happen on the stock market that 

Bluntly- they want to know which shares are 
eofne to £0 up. and which shares are going to come 
down. And they want to knew why. 


The only wav to make money on the nock marhet 
is to have reliable advice and the ability to move bat. 
before tilt w.*d gets around and prices rockeL 

Id Storkmarkel Confidential we make buying 
and sell ing recommendation. ofTiy sound investment 
analyst* and. roost important of all. suggest one nr 
more ‘Hot Tips' far the week. 

Each Wednesday evening yoc win be sent by 1st 
close mail your latest issue of SMC If you don't act on 
our "Hot Tips' quickly you may miss the boat - CAber 
SMC subscribers will hove already pushed prices up. 

Youll disawer that way often tbe best invest- 
ments are the *)*nny shares'... ffentos for instance, 
which rocketed from 15p to Sip. ..Ryan Hotels from 
Sp to 29p. .. Hoilia Bros, from 9p to 77p, ..just three 
examples Erranalongiistof recently successful "pen ay 


Each week the editor of SMC chairs a private 
mediae of the SMC Board of Advisors. Together these 
flnandai Kpedaligtii pod mformBCm. validate sources, 
and discuss the latest City nhispos. At the end of ihe 
meeting they will have chasm the three hottest tips 
and derided whether or not. to sell 8harw preciously 

Uie guarantee that none of these tips will be 
leaked by the SMC Editorial Board, or published, 
except in SMC. 


.As we’ve already explained we believe it is edU 
regularly possible to doable your money in as little as 
six weeks by trading m penny shares. 

In order to prove ii we mill enter tout name in 
our next ftee Prise Draw which lakes place oa 



li ’« all eery weD knowing what to buy — the real 

secret ia knowinjtwbai loseQ- This is oar full 

•■acU” record since the 12th February L98& 





Executive Cloth ea 








M S International 




Clymved Internationa 

201 p 

27 lp 




14 Op 


I ConneUaEataicAgetns I67p 







Martin Ford 




Bet rored Jersey 


1 4 Op 


HoRgRobtnaon Group 

263 p 



GR Holdings 


275 p 


HaMt Precision Eng. 


63 Wp 


Bea Ison Clark 




Tranwood Group 





224 p 



Pm lend Stamping 




Barker & Dobson 




30th June 1995, ah you need to do is complete and 
return the coupon below. Uyou win. you’ll receive£500 
to spend or invest oayoo please. Re'd suggest that 
you invest it in any one ofour" Hot Tips' for that week. 
Because if you do, and your £500 of shares aren’t 
worth £3.000 by 11th August 1966. we'll make up the 
difference in ra*h 

That's right, weVe so confident that our advice 
s sound we believe that £508 will be worth £UOOO 
in just six weeks! 

Everyone is welrwne to enter this Free Prize 
Draw No purchase is necessary. A lul I lislofFVee Prize 
Draw winners and fall rules are available on receipt 
of *a.e. Winners' names arc published in SMC. 

C laim thin uniq ue 3 part guide K KKE. 

• Learn new techniques, use the little 
known w rinkl es the professionals use 
to maximis e their stodf market profits. 

• Discover the most profitable way to 
■stag' NEW ISSUES, pick PENNY 
SHARE winners, and gear your invest- 
ments far nwrimum growth. 

• All this and more is packed in your 
three part guide. 


Of course, share prices can ^dmitasotliiisiip. 
But A»e don't want you to risk a penny of your own 
money until you're convinced that you will make a 
profit by acting on our advice. 

So if yoa mum the completed delayed action 
standing order beiont we'll rush you the nen six issues 
of SMC absolutely free. ThU way you can profit from 
c«r experts' invaluable advice for si* whole weeks at 
no cost io yourself 

If you decide not lo ■.untinue with SMC. I hen Just 
write in your bank and cancel your banker's order 
before Lhc payment dale. 

SAVE £48! 

In addition to six free issues you can also receive 
the balance of your first years subscription to SMC 
far just £96. a -eating of one Uurd on the full annual 
pruvuf SI-14. 


PWilia)m lld. llt w i r.i il(Min i;4!MonwS(M. 

LuwJwi W 1 N 7 TD BrenwndNo lonkni 



I Pb-M«*ndto 


I FREEPOST. Romford. Esse* RM6 1BR 

Please send me my FREE I | 

I issues and FREE LJ 


I Please enter me in the S1000 j | 

I I’m replying within 7 days — [ J 
please send me my FREE i — I 

I calculator 

If I deride to subscribe I will 
receive my first year ’s subscription 
^Jorjust£96. SM46A9 




TO ~ 



iIm llu.. ■ 

I BANKER'S ORDER Plraiw pay la lit acdtT of Stone hart 9 

! PahlKBuon. lad i SlMkourtii Confid, final 1 . Arc. im QIOlUSsAai I 

Midland Bank ftc .Kflkh|abndgr 4004 10 . «hr «im of ® 
somofXl44 OOradi year oa lhc annivmarj of the date shown | 

brine nym«nb»r»hipii>Sinekraarkri Confidential and drtre ® 

im/JaK ocwuni accordingly until countermanded by me m 




—% dd r — 

From vour pon folio card check your 
eight share price movements. Add them 
up to give sou jour overall totaL Check 
this against the daily dividend figure 
published on this page. If it matches you 
hate won outright or a share o! the tout 
daily prize money stated. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
bock of your card- You must always nave 
your card available when daiaing- 

So. Crapuy 


Cambridge Eke 

Ceos Grass 

HuictiMi Whampoa 


Estates Prop 

Su Hundred 

HonzoD Travel 

Mormon |W) 



Industrials >Z 

luduslriah L-R 


unsEsaaa i 

11 0* Emnti si Ao&yn 






12SB6H smicntn 




B89ra Until 






19800* Walt Fan 






225m wnua 




t ir.^-V"R-*a | 

T.gyi.'ta i 

industrials S-Z 


Croup Lotus 


Standard Fireworks I Indiutrah S-Z 

\ mkshiic Cbcm 

Rainers (Jewellers) 

Industrials A-D 

I T’.grTFl l 

lln^.,1'- T. r 'MI 

Industrials A-D 

Industrials E-K 

Industrials A-D 

| y *j r Wk 


Industrials A-D 

B E1E M ESgjp SJg 

Lo« & Bonar 

Canon Eng 

Industrinis A-D 

Industrials L-R 

Industrials E-K 

Weekly Dividend 

please make a note of your dailvtoials 
for the weekly dividend of £8.000 m 
Saturday's newspaper. 



(Under Five Years) 
12% 1868 100'* . 

12% 1866 

B'»% 1984-06 «■; . . 

2':% 1986 87>. *-% 

14% 1986 102 

13'*% 1887 102’- 

C10'*% 1987 100% 

J'.-% 1987 98'a -% 

I0'I% 1967 101 -% 

8%%1B»97 08% -% 
10% 1967 100% -% 

3% 1987 96V -% 

12% 1987 -404'.*-% 
P.% 1965-88 98 
10'.-% iM8 im;* -% 
c»>.% 19BB . 101’. -N 
Trent 3% 197888 B2'i -*• 
Tims 9'!% 1968 101% -% 

Treat 11 *j % 1999 106. -*■ 

Tran 10'.-% 1999 104%, -% 

Ercn 10% IBg m *• . A 

E*ct» 10%% 1969 109'»*-1A 

Excfi 2'.-% 1990 83%« „ 

E*cn H% 1969 106% -% 

Trnt 5% 1986-89 92% 

ErtCti 11% 1690 107% -% 

Traos C9'A. 1969 1Q2'.- -1 

Trass 3% 1968 «%•-. 

Tisas 13% 1W0 1'3% - » 

Em* 12£> 1990 »12% -r 

Tran 9% i960 B7 •-% 
Trust 8%% 198790 99% -'t 
Traos 10% 1990 105% -1 

«B'i* -% 

sa'.e .. 
106% -% 
92 % 

107% -% 
102'.- -1 
90%a- • 
113% -’i 


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172.6* Arne -» 

2000000 AHWH* 

8890 wwooai t» 

890.1* BPS 90*010 . 686 

144* Baggaridp* Brick XU 
263.0m B*TOBjft o_ 1J5 
1264000 BoMrfBan) 0**r » 

206* HWO 168 

18.6m BantonJ Gancret* 73 
11.1* Ban Bnas 7s 

ism Baxkmvi f® Bk* ads _ 696 
1(L2* BraadoniCloud W 267 
15 On Mddum Dwiay £ 

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4.000.000 BnwnaJackun 23 
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98 0n Bryan 110 

43.0m Bimwa A K»fm 22 
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6.757.000 Conor Grp 82 

355.8* Can 512 

MiScMysid. 4ffi 
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827m Howdan-So-rt 71 
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21 \ 


APRIL 28 1986 



I-' • 

' ! Companies that devel- 

• op and distribuie 

■ . computer software 

, ’ ■ ' have, by and largj, 

• ; escaped the worst effects of the 
: slowdown in the growth of 

■ - computer safes. White even 
il 5* * IBM has been hard-pressed to" 

ipaimain sales and profits at 
£.the same level as last year, 
*- -leading software companies 
firms, such as Lotus and 

* T^v-« Microsoft, have reported 
O’ strong increases for the first 

. • *; quarter of this year, 
i t - Microsoft, for example, saw 

* \ ‘.“.sales and profit up nearly 25 
' "per cent compared with the 

* T. first three months of r985, 

:■ . while Lotus announced sales 
* : -UP 55 percent and profit up 18 

• per cent for the same period. 
Such results might seem siir- 
^prising in what is the most 
-■ volatile sector of the market — 
^ - —pereoiial computers — not 
> - least because there is consider- 
^ *able- pressure which argues 
: that prices for software pack- 

" • 'Z .ages for the desktop computer 

• : :; musi fell considerably. ; 

~ ■ ! There are now several com-' 
^ .Twnies that have realized the : 
„ •' ‘ -profit margins on the successr 
*; ^fid brands of basic business 
. , ■ 1 -software, such as financial 
7 ^Spreadsheets and databases, 

- . > are huge: 

Tr . After all, companies that 
: • have been fortunate enough to 

* develop successful products 
-jhave to spend little cm dupli- 
■i eating them. And once the 

; ' initial development costs have 

* - ' *been repaid they can sit back 

'and- watch the money rolling 
in — almost as if they had hit 

- ;the pop charts with a record 

But unlike pop music these 
- — . _ products can be closely imitat- 
- — - ed and companies such as 
. ’^.Paperback Software have de- 

- cided that rather Than produce 
_-f;yet another unknown 

* spreadsheet or word-proces- 
sor, why not make a clone or 
■dose duplicate of jfJjrand 
. ■ . Jeader, benefit to a certain 
extent from die advertising 

nputer clones 
key to profits 


the large companies do on 
their products and sell it for a 
quarter of the cost? 

There is a risk of course — 
make your clone too close to 
the orgjnafand you could find 
yourself in court accused of 
infringing copyrights. 

The law on computer copy- 
right in most countries is 
decidely shaky with copyright 
laws made before the advent 
of computers often being ap- 
plied. Earlier this month the 
British Government pub- 
lished a White Paper on 
copyright ' that should give 
computer programmers in this 
country more protection. But 
where should the line be 

Though it is generally ac* 
cepted that directly copying 
the instructions in someone 

clone at say £100 sells largely 
to small businesses and seri- 
ous computer users at home 
who do not have the £300 to 
£400 to spend on a brand 
leader, while medium and 
large companies still tend to 
favour the established leaders 
with their emphasis on pro- 
viding a good after-sales ser- 
vice — though this is likely to 
change as the clones gain more 

While cheap clones of soft- 
ware packages have not 
caused the slump among the 
brand leaders that many pre- 
dicted, the advent of the cheap 
business computer might 
present a more serious 

A rostra d's £450 word-pro- 
cessor cum desktop micro is 
the clearest signal that soft- 

The basic concept of many programs 
can obviously not be patented 
by indmdnal firms so they are 
left with an undefined area in the middle 

rise's program is likely to lead 
to trouble, software compa- 
nies can often, in computer 
terms, arrive at the same 
result through different 

The basic concept of many 
programs, such as processing 
words or calculating figures on 
spreadsheets, can obviously 
not be patented by individual 
firms so they are- left with a 
huge undefined area in the 
middle' to argue about. For 
example, the way a program 
looks on the screen - how 
many columns; which screens 
have what information on 
them, etc? 

But in the case of dones. 
most companies can ^produce 
nearly all the advantages of a 
best-selling package while 
changing the content and ap- 
pearance enough to avoid 
charges of copying. 

So far, both types of package 
are still selling — the cheap 

ware firms might have to get 
used to providing their prod- 
ucts at a third, or even a 
quarter, of their current prices. 

Those who spend less than 
£500 on a microcomputer are 
plainly going to baulk at the 
idea of paying several hundred 
for each program. Computer 
software has often been priced 
at what the market will bear 
rather than its cost plus profit 
margin. And when a desktop 
computer costs £3,000 or 
£4,000 consumers were more 
likely to accept programs at 10 
per cent of the cost of the 

Some companies have pro- 
duced cut-down versions of 
their products at anything 
from £50 to £100 specifically 
for the Amstrad. But it is dear 
that these programs are so 
close to their more expensive 
cousins that the price differ- 
ence bears no relation to 
production costs while other 

companies are wary of admit- 
ting their products can be sold 
so cheaply for fear it might 
backfire with their high profit 

Though company custom- 
ers tend to place more empha- 
sis on such areas as sales 
support and reputation when 
choosing software rather than 
rushing for the cheapest deal 
available they are also causing 
software developers problems. 

With the increase in linking 
computers through networks 
and systems that can handle 
several users, companies can 
have one piece of software 
that is accessed or even copied 
by several terminals or shared 
around an office. 

Software firms are well 
aware that they are not going 
to get rich selling a single piece 
of software to companies that 
are able to share it around 
dozens of terminals while 
customers are unwilling to pay 
anything near full price if they 
are ronvinced into buying 
dozens of copies of the 

The most fashionable an- 
swer now is site licensing — a 
sort of half-way bouse where 
companies pay for the right to 
distribute a particular product 
around their organization as 
they see fiL 

Software companies in the 
personal . computer field are 
now faced 'with whether to 
concentrate on producing 
cheaper software or, through 
the use of huge advertising 
campaigns,, attempt the in- 
creasingly difficult task of 
trying to brand their products 
as distinctive enough to com- 
mand a premium price. 

The various factors that are 
pushing towards paying for 
software at a price based on 
what it costs to develop and 
duplicate will mean some 
software firms becoming a 
little leaner to cope with 
conventional profit margins. 

In the end it must be good 
news for th e customer. _ 
Matthew May 

iff £. (§) 



^ fit 

Now see below 

And lo, the wimp was bom 

First there was the chip. And 
the chip prospered among the 
initiated. They came to love its 
flickering green screen, they 
learnt its languages and 
swapped anecdotes about the 
dialects of CPM and MOS- 
DOS late into the night. And 
the word was with the knowl- 
edgeable. Until the sales re- 
turns came in. 

. And they said that knowl- 
edgeable as the average micro- 
user might be, he or she was a 
freak. Most people did not 
want to spend their waking 
hours deciphering computer 
codes in order to carry out 
routine jobs, such as logging 
accounts and sending 
mailshots. And most people 
are where the market is. 

So there was a change of 
heart oa the part «f the 
managing directors. And they 
tamed to their research de- 
partments where, in the full- 
ness of time, were bom three 
creatures of the new comput- 
ing age: the Window, the Icon, 
the Mouse and the Picture. Lo, 
the WIMP had arrived. 

The Apple Lisa is generally 
credited for being the first 
machine to ™ke use of 

WLMPs. In fact the idea first 
originated in the Palo Alto, 
California laboratories of 
Rank Xerox, but it was the 
Lisa which turned it into a 
marketable product. The first 
Lisa, and its cheaper 
conterpart. the Mac, had a 
handy little mouse, a device 
which could move the cursor 
around the screen and perform 
other functions without refer- 
ence to the keyboard. 

Its programs and documents 
were not referred to by the old- 

Change of heart 
on the part of 
managing directors 

fashioned MS-DOS names of 
WSTAR.EXE for a word- 
processing programme, but a 
pretty little picture of a pen. 
When you wanted to delete 
something, you did not type in 
a line of code but used the 
mouse to drag the icon into a 
little rubbish bin sitting in the 
■ corner of the screen. When you 
found you had junked the 
wrong thing, you went back to 

the dustbin to retrieve the 

And then there were win- 
dows. These gave the screen 
the appearance of a piece of 
paper which could be stretched 
or increased in size at will. If 
you had written something 
which you wanted to hang on 
to while you edited something 
else, you just shrank it into the 
corner of the screen and 
referred to it during your new 
session. Using these new tools, 
you could almost forget you 
were working on a computer at 
all. All that jargon would fly 
out of the window. French 
without tears had arrived. 

Of course, it was inevitable 
that every other computer 
company which had not 
thought of WIMPS would 
decry them as the da f test idea 
the business had ever pro- 
duced. And equally inevitable, 
when the idea caught on, that 
every single one of them wonld 
try to leap onto the bandwagon 
the minute they could. So 
desperate was the race to 
produce a “windows 
environment" that Apple 
found itself going to court 

against one software manufac- 
turer to defend its copyright 
over the idea. And it won. 

But good ideas will out and 
now windows are appearing all 
over the place, standard on the 
Apricot, the Atari, and bun- 
dled with a number of IBM 
and compatible packages. 
Even the bargain basement 
Amstrad PCW 8256 has a 
bash at user friendliness with 
its pulldown menu -of com- 
mands. So bow useful are 
these brig ht new ideas? well, 

Windows gave 
users a 

differe nt picture 

one must first establish that 
there are wimps and wimps. 

The Mac, and the Atari 
520ST and Commodore 
Amiga which followed, are the 
real thing. They possess what 
are known as bit-mapped 
screens, which means that 
every single high-resolution 
dot confronting the user can be 
changed quickly. Most of their 
predecessors jwst saw the 
Continued on next page 

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The age of the 
wimp is nigh 

From previous page ' 
world as an alphabet of low 
resolution green dots, usually 
grouped together as letters. 
Not much good for 
with a complex graphics 
enviomment. IBM and 
compatibles require a graphics 
card and a high-resolution 
monitor just to he able to deal 
with wimps — then, someone 
has to write the software. 

This does not mean that the 
mid results are inferior to 
those on machines jgmd 
for the job — just that they 
take a little longer to arrhei 
and In some cases never quite, 
make it at alL 

Is the effort really worth- 
while? Yes, with a few reserva- 
tions. A computer running a 
visual operating system and 
software which nwfa'iif it ^ an 
save hours of training time, 
and probably make computers 
usable to people who would 

Otherwise find them baffling . 

One example of this ease of 
use will suffice. Imagine copy- 
ing a file called letters from 

All is not what 
ft seems to be 

one disc to another. Under 
standard MS-DOS thh would 
invol ve typ ing the tine COPY 
A:LETTERS Bu An errant 
space in the phrasing would 
throw the. whole operation. 
The wimps user just positions 
his cursor over the relevant file 
and drags it onto the icon 
represerting his new disc. 
Nothing more; 

But~. all wimps are not what 
they appear to be. A number of 
those used on IBM machines 
are shop windows only. They 
will pot a pretty gloss on the 
computer and let you represent 
Wordstar, for example, as a 
typewriter. But once you have 
worked your way through the 
wimps, the software is the 

same old, mtfriendly program 
it always was. 

That kind of set-up may not 
be worth wile. Always remem- 
ber that wimps are slower to 
nse than basic operating sys- 
tems. You may find yourself 
slowing everything np for 
purely cosmetic purposes. 

.Good picture-based soft- 
ware Is a joy to nse and helps 
malm a computer more trans- 
parent to the novice. But not 
everything is suited to the 
wimps ■ environment When 
Apple came out with its new 
Mac Plus ft replaced a couple 
of the key icons with simple 
old word and the keyboard 
also sprouted cursor keys for 
those moments — principally 
in word processing - when the 
moose is not the best way to 
get around the screen. 

In the kmgnm, it is a matter 
of personal choice. People who 
have been using computers for 
-some years and taken the time 
to learn their awkward tittle 
ways may get little or nothing 
out of a system which de- 
scribes a communkatioiis pro- 
gram as a picture of a 

Newcomers may feel differ- 
ently, particularly when they 
discover some of the clever 
tittle add-on programs around. 
The Mac comes with a set of 
desk accessories which can be 
expanded to bold notes, con- 
tacts lists, a calendar and even 
a phone book which, with the 
right equipment, win diaJ pri- 
vate voice calls for you. The 
IBM has a splendid program 
called Sidekick that does 
much the same thing. 

They may not mean an 
awful lot to serious computer 
programmers, but to the aver- 
age user they might just 
represent what personal com- 
puters ought to be about — and 
sell a lot of machines. 

David Hewson 

Everything in 
a memory 
aimed at speed 

Memory is the go-fester stripe 
of the computer business. 
Manufacturers boast of the 
size of their machine's RAM 
(Random Access Memory) in 
advertisements, as if the num- 
ber of K a machine possessed 
were some guarantee that it 
will run fester and perform 
more efficiently than the op- 
position. Would that it were' 
so _ 

Today ? s obsession with 
quoting RAM figures is an 
after-effect of the world slide 
in chip prices. - 

A few years ago the cost of 
64K of RAM was high enough 
to force the price of home 
computers to more than £300, 
and the BBC micro, with half 
that size, sold in thousands for 
even more. 

Then memory prices started 
to tumble and the average 
RAM size of a basic business 
micro rose to 25 6K. Most 
serious micros will now start 
off with at least 512K, and by 
the end of the year that will 
have doubled to one 

But does the race for bigger 
memory have any practical 
advantages for the ordinary 

. In the long run, the answer 
is unquestionably yes. Micros 
which have several megabyte 
of RAM will be able to 
perform functions far beyond 
the capabilities of the best of 
today's machines. At the mo- 
ment, however, you must 
choose your software carefully 
or configure your system to 
your own needs if you want to 
make S12K. or one megabyte 
of memory worthwhile. 

Much of the software sold is 
still designed for smaller 
memory machines and offers 

tittle more on something more 

RAM is the memory of the 
computer which is available 
for temporarily running pro- 
grams and storing data. The 
larger it is, the more electronic 
jerks software can perform on 
your machine. 

i Equally, if your software is 
already a puny weakling show- 
ing its age, it will still be 
puffing and panting to do the 
job. even if you give ft a 'shiny 
new gym to work out in. 

People with older software 
can get something out of 
bigger memory by buying a 
program known as a RAM 
disc or RAM cache. This fools 
the computer into thinking 
that part of its expanded 
memory is actually a new disc 

Transfer a program such as 
Wordstar into that . RAM 
drive and it will run much 
fester than usual. 

The reason is easy to grasp; 
RAM is electronic and fast, 
ordinary disc drives are me- 
chanical and much slower. 
The cache is -an advanced 
RAM disc which remembers 
which part of a- program you 
use most and automatically 
stores them in memory so that 
they are ready for use 

A modicum of care is 
needed with RAM discs. Ev- 
erything they contain will 
disappear when the machine 
is switched off, so permanent 
files must be copied onto a 
conventional disc 

Room must also be left in 
memory for the program to 
run, otherwise the computer is 
likely to lode up in a most 
spectacular fashion. 

RAM discs will speed up 

many operations on existing 
machine^ and make an enor- 
mous difference to computers 
such as the Apple Macintosh 
which are ' slow to access 
floppy disc drives. But larger 
memory really comes into its 
own when it runs . software 
which is specifically designed 
for it, and in the last six 
months a number of programs 
have appeared on the market 
which point the way ahead for 
the persona] micro. 

Some of the most interest- 
ing developments are in word 

Before expanded memory 
came along word processing 
programs often 


Hie all-in-one business software. 

Try it at our expense. If you don’t like it, 
you can have your old problems back. 

With so much software around, choosing can be 
a nightmare. And costly, if you get it wrong. 

So we've come up with a dream of an idea to help 
you prove for yourself the value of Psion Xchange. 
At our expense. 

Psion Xchange comprises four integrated and 
inter-active business programs: a sophisticated 
word processor (Xchange Quill), one of the most 
advanced databases yet developed (Xchange 
Archive), a comprehensive financial modelling 
spreadsheet (Xchange Abacus), and an extensive 
business-graphics creator (Xchange Easel). 

Data can not only be transferred freely from one 
program to another, you can also switch from 
program to program in the middle of a task, as the 
job dictates. 

Just what you need to transform your 
system into a very powerful, highly efficient 

There's more. With the Network 
Upgrade, it will run on all popular MS/NET 
networks, with full record locking facilities. 

It's British. Which means we're right on 
the spot for support, should you ever be in 
a spot for help. 

And it costs little more than you'd expect 
to pay for a ny one of the 
individual programs .. 

(which can be purchased separately, if you wish). 
We also offer very attractive site licencing terms, 
and special terms for educational usage. 

However, we don't expect you to 'buy on spec' 
Instead, we've produced an Evaluation Version for 
you to test for yourself, for a nominal handling 
charge of £1 0. If you like it (as 1 50,000 other users 
do), send it back to us and we'll refund your money 
towards the cost of the Psion Xchange suite. If you 
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media - claim itto be. 5end the coupon for your 
Evaluation copy orfurther details. 


I'd like tp know more about 
Psion Xdrange. 

□ please send me a brochure. 

□^11 me the name of a dealer who can 
demonstrate Psion Xchange. 

□ Please send me an Evaluation \fersion 
of Psion Xchange for my <** one boo 

- pIBMPCAT -□ Apricot PC/XEINI 

-□Olivetti M24 - □Wtoi/Sirius 


Paon limited. Psion House, Harcourt Street, London W1H IDT 
01-723 9408 Telex: 296489 PSKDNCG. 

To Psion Limited, 


London W1E1EZ 

I enclose a cheque for £10. made payable 
to Psion Ltd. OR please debit my credit cad 
□Access □Bardayeard/Vba 

□ American Express Q Diners Cad 

Cad number 


Adrirpss _ . ' . 


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Pteaseata/v M days delivery Pros indud© war and delivery 
The ful version of Psion Xchange cose £495 Asind«idi«J 
programs, Quii, Abacus and Easel £ 175. Archive £250 
Network upgrade. £795 IAB puces etc. WJ 


RAM discs call for 
a modicum of care to 
avoid painfnl lock np 

links with the electronic dic- 
tionaries and thesauruses, but 
the process of using them was 
time consuming. Usually one 
wrote an article, closed the file 
and then inserted a new disc 
which ran it against the dictio- 

After five minutes or so, any 
words which the dictionary 
did not recognise were marked 
in the text so that the writer 
could return to the file to 
check them. 

With RAM, spell-checking 
is fester and more practical. 
The latest word processors, 
such as Word Perfect and 
NewWord3, come with dictio- 
naries as before, but they are 

now loaded directly into RAM 
and check text as it is written. 

Some wil] even beep at the 
writer every time he types 
something it doesn't recog- 
nize, a feature which, perhaps, 
wisely, turned off if it 
becomes too annoying 

Modern word processors 
will .not just tell you that yon 

have misspelt a word but offer 

what they think is the correct 
spelling as well, and if you 
need to flick through a The- 
saurus , you should be able to 
find several possible substi- 
tutes in under a second. 

They are also a boon for 
anyone who wants to cheat at 
crosswords; by using wild- 
card checking techniques you 
. can ask the dictionary to list 
every word it knows which has 
seven letters and begins with a 
and ends with a 

. The other computer users 
who are most likely to take 
advantage of expanded mem- 
ory at the moment are accoun- 
tants. who find that large 
spreadsheet operations are too 
memory-hungry for unex- 
panded machines and 
database users who need a 
system that can address a large 
number of data entries from 
RAM and not floppy disc. 

But, fast as all these im- 
provements may appear, they 
are only the start of what 
could happen in a world where 
computer memory is far great- 
er than today. 

The key probably lies in 
what the computer world calls 
“multi-tasking” the ability of 

a . computer to do several 
things at onct ; 

' This ■ is ; bard "for most 
micros. A number can, for 
instance, write a letter while 
despatching a ■ telex/ but .the 
more tasks' which -are- run 
concurrently^ fife; slower each 
becomes. With a greatly -in- 
creased RAM and hew fester 
CPUs, one small desktop mi- 
cro should be able to cany out 
several tasks in : background 
and, ’at the same time, com- 
municate with other comput- 
ers in the same office network 
while still' functioning az full 
speed as .a conventional 
desktop computer. 

This deyolutionaiy pros- 

Nqw is the time to \ 
take advantage of 
an expanded memory 

pect, naturally; ^horrifies fife 
manufacturers jp£ large and 
expensive mainframe- com- 
puter systems- They, have 
made "a" living' by persuading 
people that computer, termi- 
nals should be 1 relatively stu- 
pid creatures which simply 
communicate with an all- 
powerful central mainframe 
computer . on -the terms it 

One possible future for the 
office, computer blessed with a 
huge, (by today’s standards) 
RAM is that of individual 
workstations linked, but not 
tie^ -to a. central network. , 
.in a newspaper office this 

Torn to next page 

would mean that .a whole 
library. of speoalist cuttings, 
proossed w individual, re- 
quirements. would be avail- 
able with one keystroke. 

Large memories epukl also 
encompass graphics , images 10 
rival anything from an art 
Studio of today, and even 
incorporate photographs 
part of an overall page plan.' 

■ Architects using computer- 
aided, design 
able io reproduce plans which ^ 
are fer more sophisticated' 
than existing line techniques. 

An American writer, Cary 
Uu, whose book. The Apple 
Macintosh Book (Microsoft 
Press, £15.95), is one of the 
most superlative computer 
publications of recent years, 
predicted two years ago that 
10 to 50 megabytes would be 
the standard RAM for desktop 
computers- by the end of the 

■ The launch of- the i / next 
Apple computer, codenamed 
Jonathan, later this year will 
probably show -that he was 
being a little conservative in 
his estimates: a number of 
observers Teel it wilt break, the 
10 megabyte barrier this year, 
and point- io the feet that 
conversions which take the 
Mackintosh up tp four 
megabytes are already on sale. 

The writing is on the walk 
the hardware is racing ahead. 
Presumably, the.sofbrare.will 
get there in the end. 


How to avoid being 
blinded by choice 

From this it can be seen that 
a knowledgeable dealer can be 
a great help in selecting, the 
right package for your job. 
However, as the ultimate dcci-r 
sion .must ber yours, it- is 
worthwhile checking -to see 
‘sampler’ -discs ■ have been 
prepared for the. programs pu 
your shortlisL . .. '• 

: AshtonTate and Microsoft 

The prospective computer others will be useless. What it 
user is faced with a veritable means is that for the task in 
minefield when trying to hud: one or more may be 
choose from the wide range of perfect; others will be usable; 
available software. And this, but it is only in extreme cases 
according to conventional , that - the wrong- choice would; 
wisdom, is where the search be disastrous* : 
should begin rather than with In these circumstances it 4S 
the hardware- -necessary to cast around- for 

A mistake, detected at an any available .source A-.even 
early -vte yi will probably only fnnnjUie-hft at the galTdubu 

resuJt in the loss of the money This lsnot-a frEyolo.usaigges- are: among, the companies 
actually expended. If, on the tibn. The comments of one's whose dealers have them. One 
other hand, the unsuitability is colleagues and. associates will 
not recognized until a much often be more relevant than 
later stage, the amount of time those from a .computer whiz- 
ana moneywhich has to be kid. His idea of what is simple 
“written-off" will be quite to use would not be the same 
huge. In some extreme cases, as that of the vast majority of 
the effect on a business can be business nsera In addition, 
disastrous. there are a number of use* 

Prior to making any impor- groups. Some of . these are 
taut purchasing decision it is vertical such as . the -dBase 


Users’ Group lor users of the 
wdl-known .database program, 
from AshtonTate. Others are 
general such as'theTpM'-PC. 
Users’ Group and. th cremate 
these groups. which meet lo- 
cally to compare experiences; 

So what' should one 1 be on 
the look out fox? The require- 
ments still need to be defined 
so that when looking at data 
sheets aridT talking to dealers 
one has some terms- of refer- 
ence. The choice of dealer is 
also important because, as one 
is often treading in strange 
waters, one will heed to be 
1 1 able 'to .call upon expertise, 

is not buying a can of beans. If whim the. need arises. ■ 

.things go awry, one may find However, while one is look-'' 
that one has bought a can of ing'jfor a competent .dealer to" 
worms. provide ' especially 

The cause of the problem is when first getting the system' 
two-fokL On the one hand, working; it fs~ unrealistic to 
one is dealing with a very expect ‘ any "dealer to" know 
sophisticated product which, every program on the market 

normal to define the need. 
This enables one to p repa re, a 
specification against which the 
products in the marketplace 
can be compared- and a 
shortlist made. A detailed 
evaluation of the products on 
this shortlist, together with 
potential vendors, would then 
be carried out. 

In the case of software the 
same approach should be 
adopted. Unfortunately, one 

How does one make 
that hard decision? 

small British company Dun- 
can Databases, which sells 
directly to end-users, provides 
a demonstration disc . which 
includes a tutorial They say 
that it will enable a user tq 
actually create their own mini 
database, identical to the rea] 
thing but-of limited capacity,- 
Added, to. this, they say. they 
have ejqjert advice at the other 
end of a telephone line. 

Before getting seriously into 
this, many potential users 
might find a -morning spenj 
with the Iankey “Crash course 
in keyboard skills” time wet] 

The availability of training 
courses may be an important 
factor in the adoption of a 
particular package. Many of 
the major companies _ now 

Leading vendors take 
training .seriously : 

provide comp me r r based 
training (CBT). courses with 
their programs -with ’further 
courses amplifying-CBT.being 
offered fonhe majority of the 
popular' packages, .. . 

Major vendbratake training 
very seriously. For example. 


even in the hands of a -Jet' alone have, expertise jn Microsoft' appointed a “train- 

sophisticated user, takes an more than one or two in each 
appreciable amount of time to product category. Hecan real- 
un demand and learn. On the iy be interested in handling 
other hand, it is easy to be only a limited number and, 
dazzled by the apparent bril- should he obtain a program to - 
fiance of a system which has special order, is unlikely to 
some quite major flaws — know anymore abqut it than 
either inherently or when used can be read in the manual- 
in your particular application. Knowledge is a valuable 
So how does one choose commodity and without it the. 
software? A medium to large dealer cannot provide -Re- 
sized company selecting pack- necessary support. First -there 
ages of which many copies will is the need to correlate, your . 
be needed, is able to follow the (user) requirements with the; 
approach described above — specifications of the available ^ 
normally under the aegis of packages: then tiie software 
either the Data Processing or needs _tp .be- installed. off. the.' 
Management Information hardware with wtudi iLFill be 
Services Department. In addi- used; staff must be trained 
lion, it would have the option and; finally, . help will- be 
of either buying directly from needed to resolve problems .as > 
the manufacturer or from a they arise. . 7 . 
dealer. In either case it would | 
be normal to assess the quality 
of the available support. After 
all. no one invests the appre- 
ciable sum of money that is 
needed for multiple copiesof a 
software without taking sensi- 
ble precautions. On the other 
hand, the small company or 
individual needing to buy just 
one copy is in rather a 
different situation. ’ 

With the cost of packages on 
average around £500, how 
much time or money can the 
prospective user realistically 
afford to spend on making the 
decision? Herein lies the con- 
flict In ' terms- of the sum 
involved, not very much. On 
the other hand, in terms of the 
cost of a bad decision, he 
cannot afford to make an ill- 
considered choiee. 

This does not mean to say 
that there will .only be one 
suitable' program and afl-the 

er-of- trainers” nearly two 
years ago to ensure that there 
will be properly qualified peo- 
ple available to provide train- 
ing in the use of its packages, 
Similarly, the company has 
worked, together with Pitman 
and . the Institute of Word 
Processing to ensure that there 
is a method of certifying 
competence - 

-This final point is an impor- 
tant fectqr in the selection of 
sofriyare and shows that noth- 
ing should be overlooked; 1 
After. a)L.. ; if a', package is 
adopted that is widely used, 
expenditures on training arer' 
fer -more -likely to be welt' 
invested. -. 

- Adrian J. Moranf 



■ Confuting means database management A database full of 
date-j^dEte-is’anirreplaceabteasset /.• . ■ 

■Superfte.isj powerful free form database that accepts large 
: text fields, tt is technically one of fee best around and is wrdelv 
. usedtvWt^Tfel«omaiidMbD. . 

• ■ Superfife b made and supported in Britan. 

We. Wrote the software, we guarantee it ' 
-•works.- We -do Oakling telephone support,' - 
- consultancy, . programming - everything 

you . need to make sure that W ' 

database wor te and-goes -orr- 
wortung. . . 

■ Send ‘for brochure orrmg " ’ 

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166 fttrtobe 8 p Rbad. London Wil 2 FR . F 
Tel. QI-7277564& 01-229 2724 









5 P“**p*?^jnay ve. a cnm- 
Ljxtfitive tfl|^l>fttijifofnaatS»n' 
'-*haipei»itmtq^ commercial 
,jroa[pon.'. JDeajahd'for- faet 

; combined with- the 
^opm,ur pwsoial. computer*. 

created an entirenew 
^mdnstty.- on-line database 
.publishin g, now growing' ai 
. between 30 to 40lpercMt * 
* year:- " V?. 

r : Business andfinanrial corn- 
er imiames now have the widest 
choice of electronic material. 
■Bnt database suppliers are 
a ni e nt upon widening their 

- services to . attract cuaomeis 
with specialist interests, and 
perhaps eventually the general 

“The on-line host is the 
bookshop of the fixture. Sur- 
. veys have shown that now 10 
percent of all people who buy 
a micro buy with the intention 
of getting, access to on-line 

^£ ces :T “y* Patrick 
Ciibbins, deputy manning di- 
j. Pw*aindn-5Mme 
and chairman of the European 
+ Information Services Associa- 
lion. Eusidic. 

Anyone who can conned: 
-then 1 computer into , a tele- 
phone line, using a modem or 
accoustic coupler, has an in- 
.stant electronic library at their 
-disposal, for the price of a 
telephone call plus a small 
surcharge or annual subscrip- 
tion. Most databases have 
. keyword soandung, so you pay 

- only for what you choose to 
read. ‘ 

v Da t a ba ses may be entered 
^either directly, by dialling the 
■host’s telephone ■ number, ■ or 

The bookshop of the future 

indirectly via a gateway from 
another service. 

Customers of an electronic 
messaging service such . as 
Telecom Gold, for example, 
which now has 33,000 mail- 
box users, can opt for text 
■ retrieval from a growing num- 
ber of Gold-hosted or third- 
party databases. One-stop 
shopping, as managing direc- 
tor Peter Bury, calls it, comes 
for a small surcharge on top of 
Gold's connect time rates of 
lip a minute (peak), and 3 Sp 
(off-peak). . . 

Telecom Gold has a mix- 
ture of internal and external 
material, some of which has 
been-buih lip'by closed user 
groups (private networks) 
hosted by Gold, then opened 
up for public use. 

This has happened ' with 
Ashton Tate's Service Line 
(no charge) and Lotus 
Corporation's World of Lotus 
(Sp a minute), both of which 

«r - 

u Dcing 

■ ' f ; ; ih'k 

Amstrad finds the 
price is right 

The personal micro Tnismete 
has gained its own equivalent 
Of the -Model T Ford daring 
-the past year in the form of the 
Amstrad PCW ,8256, £399 
worth of computer, screen an d 
primer, which is remarkable 
for no other reason but its 
'prices ...... . 

Amstrad broke all the rules 
by using yesterday's technol- 
ogy to produce a computer for 
a rock bottom price. And, of 
course; it has proved an 
astonishing success, creating 
in its wake the sans sort of 
software boom which fol- 
lowed the popularity of the 
Sinclair Spectrum in the home 
games market 

The. PCW has also persuad- 
ed software companies that 
there might be a market for 
their wares among snail users 
if they are prepared 10 drop: 
their prices. Before : the 
Amstrad arrived the custom^. 
asy price fora standard piece 
of business software was at 
least £200. The most popular 
products retailed well above 
thirfevel, usually at about 
£500. • • - 

- Where the tittle computer 
changed perceptions com- 
pletely was m the price level of 
standard business programs 
for word processing, account- 
ing, database and communica- 
tions which had been around 
for years selling in relatively 
small numbers to those who 
could afford them: The ma- 
chine' uses CPM, once tile 
industry standard operating 
system, now largely aban- 
doned for MS-DOS. 

The machine's qwn custom 
word-processing ' program, 
LocoScript, had .a few defi- 
ciencies ur its early versions, 
most of which are now cured. . 
Bat once it became apparent 
that the machine was selling in 
large quantities, software 
houses started to adapt their 
long-abandoned CPM . soft- 
ware • - 

Within a few months famil- 
iar IBM names such . as 
Wordstar: dBasell and 
SuperCalc2 started to become 
available. The software re- 
mains basically the same, the 
'price has tumbled. - . 

But how much of a bargain 

is the software? It depends on 
. bow you rate a bargain. Few 
large companies wiu take it 
into their hands to write 
programs simply for one ma- 
chine T.albne and, ‘ since 
Amstrad has made it dear that 
its next machine is. an. ultra- 
cheap" 16-bit IBM compatfe 
the days of the PCW as flavour 
of the month are limited.. 

The Amstrad has attracted 
ode highly regarded ' new 
word-processing program. 
New Word which, for a mere 
£69.00, ' includes a 45,000 
word, .spelling, checker. But 
ihat may be an exception; 
whatever new software ap- 
pears is likely to come' from 
small independent houses 
whose products may be every 
bit as good; ifnot better than, 
the .industry standards, . but 
they will lack the backup - 
■ The old software that has 
been' adapted for die Amstrad 
may be perfectly: adequate for 
your needs, which may be just 
as weUsmceitis unlikely to be 
upgraded or improved from 
the b&sic version -you buy.'In 
short, you are buying a ma- 
chine with a vast software base 
of programs which -tee,- in the 
main; sligh tly antiquated and 
may soon be teetering on the 
obsolete. . 

But, Amstrad users may 
respond, the ' machine has 
proved there is no such word 
as obsolete in the computer 
world; 'Only computers which 
work (or not! and sell- and 
tbose which work (or not) and 
don’t If the Amstrad works 
and tells, as it undeniably 
does, where isthe problem? 

. Perhaps there isn’t one. If. 
you wanrto look around at the 
bargain basement software for] 
the machine it wil include 
several solid standards' that 
can handle the needs of a 
small business. In addition to 
those mentioned already,' the 
Cracker2 spreadsheet (£49), 
which has a basic graphics 
function, the database 
Carribox (£99L and the Sage 
accounts and payroD package 
(£149) are all. programs which 
were well proven long before 
the Amstrad ame along., 


draws graphics, it can 
also produce colour 
slides in minutes. 

Its as easy as pressing a few chair. Highlight a slice from 
‘keys on your keyboard. Then your pieebaro Use colour on a 
cl ido ag a camera shutret. We can parriculariouremyomflowdiart. 
it Polaroid Palette. Polaroid Palette wgife wjth 

A small box of technological many popular busings com pu- 
wtzardiy that sits next to your ters and software, pill in the 
desktop computer and creates its coupon. We’U show you bow to 
own colour image to make die rum your data into presentation 
perfect slide, prirrr or overhead slides. In a matter of m inures, 
transparence-. In a way no one can fail to 

So it doesn!r matter whether understand, PC is colour or mono- 
chrome: Youcanstill'painr your 
{graphics using our 72 colours 
and shades. Palette lets you pick 
out important bars on your bar 

iwn» Hw'Wj'tor.PolaioldtLTSIliil- 
A>hirv RoacLSt Athens. Hera AL1 SPB. 

TelcWKJ^Si.Alhans<ffrzr)WI9l. — 

r Tum m> compurtrdata i mo professional ., . 

colour slides in mmuas. Send me full details of Polaroid Palette. 

1 XT _ ■ ■ r .J: Position. 


Name- - — 
Address — 

1 Telephone __ — - — * | 

1 I 

Ti> * Sfi j 

j. Ashh-v Alham. Herts AII?PR« 

1 Polaroid I 

offer technical updates on the 
.two companies' packages and 
free software am pies; Texinei 
translation services (50p a 
minute), and Agra Europe 
Online (56.2p a minute), a 
weekly magazine covering Eu- 
ropean agricultural news. 

The first third-party infor- 
mation service specifically for 
public use through Gold was 
IDB Online, run by VNTJ 
Business Publications, uhiefa 
gives daily news of the com- 
puter industry for 56_2p a 

The first external gateway 
on Gold was to the Official 
Airline Guides Electronic Edi- 
tion in Illinois (peak 56.5p, 
off-peak 38p a minute), hold- 
ing flight schedules of more 
than 750 airlines and offering 
direct flight booking. 

Datasolve's current price is 
£1 a minute for which users 
have access to material from 
newspaperssuch as the Finan- 

cial Times. The Guardian, 
Washington Post and The 
Economist, plus news agencies 
including the Associated Press 
and BBC External Services. 
These two gateways are only 
the stan, says Mr Bury. 

Prestel, now with 65,000 
users, 55 per cent of whom are 
in the business sector, preced- 
ed Gold as public information 
provider and now has 330,000 
pages of data drawn from 
more than 1 ,200 sources. 

A home subscription to 
Prestel costs £6.50 a quarter, 
£18 for business users, plus 6p 
a minute line charge during 
peak hours, with 98 percent of 
UK calls charged at local rate. 

The most popular items are 
MicroNet, a service for home 
computer users, Citi Service, 
providing share prices, and 
Prestel Travel containing 
holiday details. CitiService 
has many rivals, from Fmstat, 

run by Financial Times Busi- 
ness Information to the inter- 
national news agency Reutera. 

Brokers can choose from a 
wide range of services special- 
izing in different aspects of the 
market. including 

Daiasiream. owned by Dunn 
& Bradstreeu for statistical 
analysis; Quotron for the US 
Dow Jones Index; Bridge Data 
for fiitures. 

For background on individ- 
ual companies, Extel cards are 
now online as the Extel Exam- 
iner database, and McCarthy 
cards as McCarthy Online, a 
service launched in February. 

"The database is growing at 
25 million characters a week 
and we now have files on 
16.000 companies and more 
than 300 industrial subjects. 
Our emphasis is on full text 
information and on getting it 
up on the system within 72 
hours of receiving it." says 
Anthony Garnett, managing 


director of McCarthy Infor- 
mation in Warminster. 

The selection of publicly 
available databases in Britain 

,; kely to widen considerably 
over the coming year. 

One US supplier. Mead 
Data Central, is making a 
serious bid for UK subscribers 
after its takeover of 
Bunerworth Telepublishing 
opening up databases such as 
Nexis (news). Lexis (law), and 
US patents (also available 
from Pergamon-Infoline in 
London) over leased transat- 
lantic lines. 

/rooicafly. the US Patent 
Office is a major customer of 
Pergamon-Infoline. which is 
growing at an annual rate of 
100 per cent and exporting 60 
per cent of its products to 52 

Despite Pergamon's news- 
paper interests there are no 
plans to put these online. Mr 
Gibbins doubts whether home 
users will ever become major 

“There are probably no 
more than 100,000 users in 
Europe, the majority of whom 
are still information profes- 
sionals such as technical li- 
brarians and corporate 
information officers. The 
home consumer thinks of 
information as free. 

“People think that when 
they buy a newspaper they are 
paying for the paper — they are 
not used to separating the 
contents from the medium 
and this must happen for 
online services to succeed,” he 


• v wV 

, fT /T 

1 fib 

Computer systems^ 0 . 

only work if users understand 

how to use them, U®©*.. 
documentation and user 
training are key elements o 
computer systems. . 

TMS Computer Authors 
have been in the business o 
preparing user documentation 
and training material since 
1 982. Our clients include 
computer manufacturers ana 
software companies, as well 
as users who develop their 
own systems. 


Advice, design and 
preparation of user and 
system documentation 
(including on-screen text). 


Analysis of training needs, 
preparation of training 
material and computer 
embedded training. 

Computer Authors 

The Sheilings The Street Wonersh Guildford 
Surrey GU5 OPE / TeT Guildford 0483 898606 


Taudou suggest you decide simply on perfonnasce. And price. 


Intel 8088 processor, 
two floppy disk drives 
each with 360 KByte, 
256 KByte main storage 
memory, expandable 
to 640 KByte, 
high resolution 
14" monitor. 



Intel 8088 processor, 
floppy disk drive 
with 360 KByte, 

256 KByte main storage 
memory, expandable 
to 640 KByte, 10 MByte 
fixed disk drive, high 
resolution 14" monitor. 
THE Pa COSTS £1595 + VAT. 

In case you didn’t know, Tandon is the world’s largest manufacturer of disk drives. 
We got there, by simply doing everything in our power to make these highly sensitive 
and costly parts, not only better but less expensively. 


Intel 80286 processor, 
floppy disk drive with 
1.2 MByte, 20 MByte 
fixed disk drive, main 
storage memory with 
512 KByte, expandable 
to 16 MByte, high 
resolution 14" monitor. 

Please send me details of Tandon microcomputers. 













t to 
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Now we’re' doing the same for whole microcomputers. Computer [UK) Ltd. ici^n ^ edd ,r<h ’ 


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full bre 
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L "" " ^ 

• I 


Salaiy; &E12.000 + wftft comprehensive benefit package 
is required by 


to be based in North London 

SEIKO EPSON CORP are a world major In the computer and computer peripherals 
field wtifi marketing and manufacturing branches worldwide. WorMng alongside 
too Director responsible for developing new European subsidiaries and planning 
strategy for the existing network, the successful candidate wftt have: 

A Impeccable ncMafM tkis 

• A top quafity (preferably greduete) ed ucati o na l ba c k ground. 

• Excellent personal presentation end co twnunto rt to P WBm both oral ft 


A A very high level Of integrity, crawntoroirt and the wflRnpms to become 

immersed In a very ctaftaegtng postten tavoMng frequent basimsi tnvei bi Europe. 

Meaty, candidates should be aged &2S-S0. and a knowledge of European lan- 
guages, particularly French, Spanish and Itafisn, would be a considerable 

Involvement in high-tavel contractual negotiations wffl also be a key element In this 
position, and some Tamitartty with (or the abtty and motivation to team about) 
Co mm erc ia l Law is desirable. 

For further detaBs. please cafc 

Mrs Y. Barker on 01-238 8192 

JAC Recruitment 
23 College Hid, London EC4. 



MD’SPA cJil3,000 

An immaculately presented PA/Seoretaxy is 
needed to work for the MD of this prestigious 
international marketing company. As well as 
providing a full secretarial backup to him you 
will be responsible for looking after overseas 
viators. Speeds 100/60 + WP- Aged 27-37 

CONSULTANCY c.£10,500 

A Senior Director of this well known firm of 
management consultants needs a weJf spoken and 
bright young PA/Secretary. Speeds 100/60 + WP. 
Aged 23-30. 

PERSONNEL c.£8,000 

A Personnel Officer in this international company, 
whose prime responsibility is training, needs a 
young Secretary. Aged 22-3. Speeds 5<W50. 


A professional and well spoken Receptionist who 
en/ovs coping with a busy swilchboard (Monarch) 
is needed for this up-market firm of West End 
Cansuhams. A knowledge of typing would be an 
advantage. Aged 21-40. 


35 Mm Place Wl. 01-493 7789 

/flizobeth Hunt 



A leading hotel grew seeks a bright enthusiastic 
seoeory/PA io the sates and marketing director. Being the 
most senior secretary you will oversee the smooth running 
at the office and enjoy you’ own admnstratnre protects. 
Own office and superb benefit package. TOO/55 stalls 


£10,000 neg 

Have you got firedor level experience with a large public 
company? Are you a car driver? tf so join tiro chwmanof 
this very successful group of comparies. He wiH toa you to 
meetings and you may travel abroad. 100/55 stalls needed 


^BGosuencx Sheet London Wl Ot-240 3S3I^ 


Require aopMsUcatcd 
secretary /PA. Wort pro- 
cesstno- lyntne and 
bookkeeping sMUs as as - 
eenual as a sense of 
humour, intttattve and the 
maturity to deal with owe 
unruly partners. Salary by 
negotiation. cCAOOO. 

Telephone 01-439 0729 


£ 10,000 

Join a team of wry young 
very wealthy commodity 
brokers. The pace b BttL 
me rewards are Mgh. Get 
In on the action with skins 
or 100/60. Mira me rusti- 
hour with a >1X30 start. 

Can Desi DflBn^ham on 
538 1846. 



Boring, it’s not! 

W&rtdng os a Manpower temporary Isn't easy ... but who wants it 
easy? Our skill Is assigning you where you can use your skills. 
Which, we have to confess, keeps you pretty busy. Ourdiente ask 
us fortnxibie-shootors; capable, competent, conscientious. 

• Executive Secretaries 

• Information Technicians • O A Operators 

Could you cope? 

& MANPOWER Tel: 225 0505 

Temporary Siaff Specialise 

2A hour answsnng serwee 



An outstanding opportunity for an outstanding 
uankmg PA with good shorthand/secrctanal- 
sfulls and a strong admin background including 
book-keeping. An immediate start and the 
chance of compete involvement in this new 
venture are offered. Call Jackie Schotder on 377 


£ 12 , 000 + 

Do you have at least 2 years personnel 
experience with the emphasis on recruiting, a 
natural enthusiasm, a high degree of self- 

nkilltv tA mati’Rt vmirwlt? 

uoiuiai w “ , 1 . 

motivation and the ability to market yourself? 
We are looking for a consultant. 24-40 to 

_ _ _ join 

our friendly’ professional team placing 
secretaries in permanent jobs. To start on a 
temporary basis initially, with a view to 
permanency- £12,000+ salary package. Call Lyn 
Cedi on 439 7001. 


PERSONNEL £12-£13,000 

You have a track record in personnel 
administration, accurate typing for your own 
correspondence and word processing 
experience. You will handle personnel records, 
salary reviews and running the offices for a 
huge professional City company. Age 35+. 

City 3778600 UfestEnd 439 7001 

Secretaries Plus 





aSnjwtt^anrt font sac Id *s- 

Bfl Writ 

km tear tat the interesting po- 

stern. £9400 Neg. Benefits 



exp sf Mntmr. £fU« plus 



01-387 £913. 


PA /secretary to MD of 
medium sized Wl edu- 
cational and general 
book pubttehera. Excel- 
lent secretarial skfos 
dnc. audio and telex}, 
stamina and the ability 
to work under pres- 
sure and with odiers 
are all essential. Salary 
according to age and 

write with fun c.v. 
and salary history to 
Nicholas Perron. John 
Murray. 60 Albemarle 
Street. London WlX 


A professional 
years successful 



you this exceptional opportunity to Join an estab- 
lished personnel consultancy based in the Aktwych. [ 

As pert of our pfsrmed expansion programme, m 
are seeking a further consultant on the secretarial 
dvisfon to introduce secretaries to efients hi legal 
practices and in the world of co m merce. A proven 
track record in ptaefng permanent or temporary staff 
is required. Experience in tunning a busy temporary 
team would be highly desirable but not essential 

This position attracts an i mp re ssi ve remuneration 
package an achieving satisfactory restate. 

H you have the experience and deta utau aBon to 
succeed, please cal in strict confidence Mack 
Dtnahaw on 01 242 1281 or between &D0 and 
MLaOpm on Of 204 5819. 

Required urgoitty for small export company 
situated In Centra! London. 

Applicants must have:- 

- minimum 4 * 0 ’ levels 

- 90wpm shorthand 
• 45wpm typing 

- word processor experience 

- age limit 25 -35 



95 Aldwych, London WC2B 4JF 

Attractive salary offered. Excellent working 

Please write, enclosing c.v. to: 
Gienyork Lid. 8 Baker Street, 
London WlM IDA 


Elizabeth Hun^ 

A Time to Temp 

Whar do you look for from temporary work? High 
rewards, certainly —but more besides? The question is 
valid, because in today's market, you do have a choice. 
Our own temporaries form an exclusive, h(gh calibre 
team: our clientele amongst die most prestigious In 
London. Widr good skills, quite frankly you can make 
good money anywhere. But If you want the best, in 
every sense, then give me a all. Sara Dyson, on 01 -493 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London Wl 

(Recrurtmenc Consultants) 


£10,000 neg 

Join this City based nvastment management company as 
secretary to their deputy maragng director. Help organise 
conferences, meet dents and tost seed events. A fist 
class orgamnr mtfi 00/50 stills needed. Benefits toduttoa 
generous bonus. 


to £10,000 

A top computer software house seeks a bright auto 
secretary interested hi new technology to jom their t 
team. Arrange meetings, client demonstrations and use 
your good administrative ability. 90/60 aid WP skats, 
first class, wed equipped 


£10,000 PA 

Three Consultants require experi- 
enced Medical Secretary to 
administer their prestigious Harley 
Street Practices. Tact good hu- 
mour. attractive personality & 
excellent secretarial skills are es- 
sential for this rewarding & 
challenging post Age 25-36 


01-403 0088 



Internationa ^ acknowledged Agency Chairman woUd to m ele- 
gant sparkling out of the ortikury PA to tuffii Ms needs {1 OO/BOy. 

SWl PA/SEC £10,000 & £11,000+ 

I B 

we need two cool eabnpeople to enjoy a prossunaea working onvt. 
rorunont In an espsndsig fat ai tn w suvch Co. AppBcants nsod 
100/80 + WP exp. together wttft a sense of humour, tmme deaa toft. 

Wl SURVEYOR'S PA £10,500+ 

Opportunity lor a sen mothiairt PA w«r aort prasaritatiro tor Senior 

Partner who enjoys a buey and demanfag anvk o nmern. Top skOs 
essential. Varied work toad and the opportunity ta meet dents. Age 
30 ■ 35. 

+ OStoOJ ET351/IBM PC8100/1BM DtaNaywrara/MuMmalB 6 

Graagdtarpe Rood, Manchester M14 GHS 
(Independent, 6.SJL Foeoded 1874) 

AppbcaUoiw ant invited frira operiaxed KQtane t far Ihc pQP of 


To orginiir and nxmlimie work Hd *s tcbool offices aad to «a a» 
Ftinooai Sesreary to ific Herd Muam 

Appbcuns. |fada4» or n«»«ndBaic. mast be *eU Qualified hi 
gaietal rtnotiwo and in tcu e mul atafa Exacncmy of maurial 
■aorfc in an academic msmuUon an advtaiafe. Salary mtqeti «J 
quaftficsoona and experience. 

Phare apply by teas- to dw Head Mama, n udum eunkipe 
"Coafidnnar and endonog camknkan vitae vd mna and 
adkirass of two referees. For farther detail, pfcue me 061*234 


CoHego HI Loodcxi EC4 0240 3551 

C11|500+ (bid lading bonuses) 

Busy Company Commercial Lawyer In Interna- 
tional practice seeks experienced legal 
secretara with fast accurate skids who Is not 
afraid of responsibiBty or hard work (with appro- 
priate financial rewards) to organise Ms work, 
Ms clients and him. 

Call 01-235 0222. 

mf MGP or JRJSMT. 


£10£00 - £11,500 

Experienced PA/Mdao veensan jqpn red by . 
oompwoy. near OJd Si Stnoii: fet artan ne lypmy 
Ctooful. eflicieai and calm, with good admnnstranvc and per- 
sonnel stalls. Male or Female. Pension scheme. Please ww or 




EC2A 4M. 



Personal assistant required to work for MO of growing Euo- 
pean office of ArMriean software company. TIs successful 
appfeam wW be mature and vreH groomed, capable of co- 
ordinating schedules, mating decisions and worttog 
occassional long Inure. Typatg and bookkeeping skflte essan- 
haL Attractive salary is being offered for this unique 
opportunity to inti a small, friendly team. Please telephone for 
further information or apply in writing with C.V. tir Heton 
Robson. PSH UK United. Berkeley Square House, Berkeley 
Square, London W1X 5IA Telephone 01-491 4439. 


W« curretaty have numerous vacancies for senior and 
junior PA/Secnataries. The main areas we ore recruft- 
ing for a re banking, litigation, medta, import ft export 
Not every poet provides a high tanguaga oontam but 
perfect Engteh, German, German + French are es- 
sential for most vacancies. Experience in one of the 
above mentioned fields would be an asset 
For more derate about the required dob, experience 
and the salary our cSenta offer, please telephone us. 


European languages are our forte end we bwtta Lon- 
don Companies to advance book Temporary bffinguta 
Secretaries and Receptionsta to cover for Summer 
Hotoeys. We can also Iwip wtai candktatas on a tamp 
to perm irial basis, a poptaar tatamtahe to IHng per- 
manent vacancies. 


01-236 5501 

7 Ludgate Sq. EC4 (Mon-fri 9.30-4.30) 


To £9,000 

Prestigious Internaxionai Company dealing with 
private clients are recruiting a top flight London 
receptionist for their luxurious offices in SWl. 
Excellent personal presentation with understated 
glamour and friendly manner essentiaL Typing 
useful. Age 21 - 30. 

Susan Beck 

01-584 6242 " 


No need n to a financial 

wz»d - just saw ms man 

tram pirn bananas. WP 

{Hus shorten! an 


01-377 6433 


Typists and secretaries 
for expanding company. 
£7,500 to £8,500. 

01-377 6433 

^ Wooa Associates Vj Word Assooatis 


19+ good talqshone manner, excellent ap- 
pearance, preferably WP experience, to 
work for small sales team in WCl area- 9.30 
- 5*30. £8,000pa (reviewed after 3 months). 
Reply with CV to Box No B71, The Times, 
PO Box 484, Virginia Street, London, El. 



Maxtmun tiMtanti sn- 
suea tv the vofo g swual 
PA wlh style and con- 



(memattonal High Tech 

yov boss, fiafong wot 
prestigious dews. Also 
responsible for three Satis 
Mmmwn . discretion 

and tact are paramount 
Mm stills 90/60. 

6,8 opw' 



Exclusive small company 

tafof exceBeta opporfonty 

to immerse yourself in 
complete running of day to 
day amities. Qigarisiflg 

tte Chatman you will (teal 

extensnmty wilri contractors 

uchjdmg arctutects and 
desqners. An awanress of 

design aid some fresh 

H ideas be appreciated, 

together wrth ddOs 100 / 60 . 
Costal Jdn Ration! 
00 283 1555 

Has anyone 
yow potential 

aoa eu - - 

IsfeS JSBS* 8 

Mgrbncnijl4jj9D&--« . 

a. \ 

• Proven secretarial and wp skrite- 

9 AuatebteimmedBtely/woriung 

• Commercial aq)ertenca 

• Poise and personalty. 

If this sounds like you, we'd like to ten 
you exactly what we can offet Futf class 
assi gnments, exc^errt rates and the 
opportunity to convat a temporary ' 

position intoa permanent one, together wrtnme 


FRENCH (0 SPANISH) From £11000 

A great chance to join an Zntanialzottsl Coflsd- 
tancy specialising in Third World projects as PA 
to the Managing Director. If you are 27+ with 
fluent French and English, s/hand inboth lan- 
guages and a good understanding of Spanish, 
seeking a challenging career-oriented post, please 
call us for Anther information. 

GERMAN £8,000 

General Manager of uicniuticiiial city bank 

VKUvlta ivuuiugwi v« -■■■ ■■ -» 

srHre outgoing sec/PA with or without s/nand 
(who will receive training in W/processing if 
desired.) Offers much variety for person with 
fluent German plus excellent perks making 
package worth £13,000+. 


£ 8 £ 00 + 

Major International High Technology group 
seeks an Italian speaking secretary to assist a 
senior manager who travels frequently. If you 
like bolding the fort and taking decisions ihe PA 
role is waiting Co be devefopecL. Age 22+. 
(S/hand is not required). 

Please ring (01) 839 3365 
(Rec Coos) 



Is required by the Export Council of Norway, 
whose role is to promote trade between Norway 
and the UK. 

The successful applicant will have initiative and 
confidence. WP skills essential. The work is 
varied so you must be adaptable and organised. 
Duties include typing, sometimes of lengthy 
market reports, answering trade enquiries, 
exhibition work. 

Knowledge of Norwegian or another 
Scandinavian fen g na y an advantage. Salaiy 

Apply to: 

Export Council of Norway 
Norway Trade Centre 
20 PeB Mall London 5V1Y SNE. 
Telephone 01-839 6261. 

COMPUTING . £f 1*000 

Iotsrmttkns] Bank n™ ** ** ■Hmiafa t HMu e who In analyikaL 
wefl of^uused and able to oommumcaK a aH fcvefa. You ra fie 
afinx ynur pteanl e wmwn ws produce arosUty 
crperwxwf reporrr. penor. J ind prodna volume ttpo mfiow 
E uro pean c wu »a ie> . l atonc k n ial carrc stw o rt c a c r monfiaroiop 
ml badtet. report* for New Yoi are mdusve in tire, 
speafiawm of ttas rote. Trecreq. programnnnt dtsgmus md 
iraptontmation of reomlily' expenses an wlntae-rrmncts sfaaS 
beaccuKd » deaefiiae*. Tlrn it for rfic cwter nandod »ckwt 
p rogrem on can lead mo syuetns analyst ana. 

Contact Paula Row« - 


115 Shaftefoury Avenue 
London WC2H BAD 

01-439 4001. 


We are a wefl known jnacrice wtach ra expand- 
ing rapidly as a result of winning important 
contracts in LoodoflL We are looking je ar three 
secret ari es, preferably with architectural experi- 
ence to handle multi million pound projects and 
provide much needed ndro” 1 support Ability to 
work under pressure essential & knowledge of 
WP a positive advantage. Age 25+ with mini- 
mum three years experience and good skflte. 
Salary £9,500 +. ' 

Please write in c o nfidence with CV to 

Jane KHfe, 

Tarry Farrell Partnership, 
8 Peddtagtaa Streety 
Leaden WlM 4DN 


This large established company of accountants 
requires your intelligence, organised and effi- 
cient personality in producing an excellent audio 
and shorthand secretarial . badoip (using a Wang 
system) to produce effective business Haison be- 
tween the dient base and Senior Partner of the 
Private Government Department. Interviewing 
immediately. Excellent benefits. ' 

Contact Zara SkkSqoi 


US Shaftesbury Avenue 
London WC2H 8 AD 

01-439 4001. 

c £9,000 

Young partnership requires an interested and 
experienced Audio Secretary to work for 
Agency Partner. 

Contact Janice Page 
01-580 0932 
(No ag —c ta a) 



5 SSL- 


Company located 
teteohcKS manner S 

secretarial stills essential - WP experience an advantage. 
The successful cantidate vtil have initiative, to enmuSs 
and areer cmoo£. Un to ffljOOO. Phone Jadoe to arrange 
an mtavww an 0149 8172. 

£8,500 to £9,500 

******* «>d 

wffl be vroan rex/Sfteo; Sd 

Spedatkaa. 29 dusbouo So**, 

lastefiii Temping— 

No hassles. No let-downs. Just plain, simple. 
Iftgh grade tonpix^- 

Atasl.„ . 

thoroughly professional service. 

If you have sound skills and experience, you 
should be talking to^The Shop- 
Telephone Sue Cooke on DI-109 !2o2. 

Ifeer.iien**-.: C.«vsiiteaB 

PR + Aerobics! 


Ptavourcareerfoidape —and keep sfiwwd trim ay— 
With this dynamic your® West Bid company Yfar«bg 
for anexduore fisc ofmp^MiTiechena.)W will helpm 
the promotion of brands ... names — BnaigBS.-*fifo*s* 

Gordon Yates LtdL 

3S Old Bond Street, London Wl 

(RecruiunenrCanwhinQ) : : 

r — m 

£10,000 . 

This is a tuperb ujpatfhg far ft aae&adaM RL 
VmAiOf rJo=etr trirhaYpiy SefiiorOperaXion* Director 
inoiH!bft|ir’'*fotUfitoplio#dgsii5H-J l 0U vrfBpkrjreltey 
rnfe fa^frot wf* hoedoanagfte tbrtaf*toaf£urope. 
Africa and SteMfeEist: solvw ^ probtemB B they arise: 
. and reneraflv etwiiriireatt runs anootUv Lots of admin 

.iKS' A'mKft Skm-Wta. 
ficnch « Ccrman desinbk Age 24-33. Please call 
01-4WI2C.: .;r/- f.' ' :<Vi V 

; RpcTtireenl Crenuilreott ' 



•- ft 



PtewWe S1ZAB wa& tupi xu ant geraaoi 


l iw ta Mt wi-imsttS rovnnems for taros wfo: 

Otaafo E7Z25 typereer m fowtaeft^v 
flood Bdo.'saVwsssay OH W 

.■pm sa. 

Hto Jfflrltotaw or Jawy.UzdT 
NOW H yoi mmt to mt town* 
Oft 629 '4343 

rvra hanover sman; London wnsta 



* f. . fc 


.'.MARKETING c£9,0Q0Tr 

Two busy marketing managers within the fragrance 
divisiortof this prestigious West End company are looking 
for a young extrovert secretaiy. There wiU be plenty of 
scops to use your.initia&ie and administrative skills white 
you communicate with tap .UK rotates. Typing 55wpm 
and auto experience needed. 



International Banking 

SB WW5EC . £13,000 SEOtETARtTPA £11^00 

X'sssssrsr w.- 

^mstnmdfawonBlilaior ' 

farocy m Gann«i esamtaui. Tfo»B» 


01-6385286 . 

Court Hotro. ii Blotafieid Soeet. London vjctki 7 av 1 

.’a ' s 




Weptame; nowoerm or tarip m atindto 

. «29 U3V 

^ : 

• : ^ ^.:v' 

V' is 

A, ” j- 



now PR 
to to 


pareon. OraaopportunrtY 

P'owsawMt numaor essuwi 

Send C.V. to I*, w in , 

Sto* OtftaTOB ft Otoj 

• i ^ 

s \p?- 

‘ l o., . 

LACRfcME DK t a ckPmv 

23+ £9,000 

H wqym l P WBW MU too Itekaj. 


«sa:a a 

■cana posaon. 

.«SJX:S!- 4 812345 

WEST END= 01-938 2188 




S you are lucky enough to 
H>m these dynamo Lfayds 
uwJwwnters you wit mom 
nu me beautiful environ- 
ment of the brand new 
Uoydi ibuiMmg tha Sum- 
mer. JBMpc + MWtimate. 
secretarial duties aid dea- 
ns with diems. 
agOp + flenerous guaran- 
teed bonus + aUnrancas. 


WlSJ End 4397001 (— j 


To £10,000 neg 

SSS'K'SlSL ?" ****** 


2£? .U ■£!£,£«' 

mwts jn tty wMrttelw tng 
srj* tberehn you maa have 
jjMjl Ptesenauon. an enxfeni 
wggme mtmer asa flu atatoy 
at n unite afl oreum- 

ST-SMS* ■ 

S QKf^iEp 

£9,000 at 19 

; Get out and about and 
enjoy lots of variety 
uanme the charming 
Office Manager of a 
snail, friendly, pm- 
Ugious investment con- 
sultancy. Minimal shd/ 
typ but good skills ess. 
(90/55) and 1 yrs sec. 
cap. plus excellent 
telephone manner, con- 
fidence and praem- 
ability. Age 19-22. 
Superb offices in Bericdy 
Sq. Please taJfc 

437 6032 


UP TO £12,000 

Oo van m>| want a camrT 
Am you itty bright. mu- 
tent, prepared to work bard 
and able io absorb knowledge 
ouKktv? K in. mn ins is m 

oumandliio opportunity lor a 

career minded «r*dnale lo 
Mill Ihr trading desk of a fam- 
ous mercltanl bank In me 
Cl tv Some banking or efflee 
wpwlm ir would be an ad- 
vantage. age 21-26. TVotna 
«5 wpm minimum. 


If you can speak a Eu- 
ropean language and 
have good secretarial 
skills, please don't set- 
tle far an ordinary 
temporary assign- 
ment We specialise in 
matching jobs with 
skills, so If you have a 
skill that is in demand, 
take advantage of it 
by ringing ns today. 

»4 Non Band M. Wl 


or-'.; ji 7100 • . . 





To work In deUghifid sur- 
! roundings In EC1 for a 
Director who would value 
your skills and wnj involve 
you an murn as he can. 
Shorthand, a unie audio, 
own correspondence, 
travel arrannements and 
varied admin farim will 
make a buoy and involving 
day. wm cross train on 
WP. ideal aga 25-35. 


Excellent opp for skilled sec- 
rtiary wnh mhu a/h speeds to 
work « Director feed. age 


£ 10,200 

lan* city practice nrantiy 
require legal vimm PA far 
senior partner. 


£ 10,000 

Ingmak n alCftyca require 
audio PA fcr Director of b«b 
finance ik pum iHtf 


Luge Wen Fnrf FpJt' 
Agents have exceDenl open- 
ing br cfl sec. no s/h m 

TEL: 580 9348 


c£ 8.000 

We are a Highly successful. 
City based recr uitmen t con- 
sultana t with a long 
esMlMwd rep uta flu u in 
Imnldna r ecr u itment. Doe to 
canUnaed mansion we 
now mndrv a sen motivated 
trainee in total our buay tram 
of consultant. Approxf- 
maiety two years previous 
experience wtUun banking 
or Onmce to essential to- 
gether WHD a ratal muni of 2 
A avto. an extrovert Sr re- 
toltoal nature ft a good eence 
of homom. Age JO*. For 
further details Mease ring 
01-236 1113 <24 hoars! 
Foreman ttecmUmeat 




Readied with good 
shorthand /typing and WP 
duns to help MBlimMyd 
work tnc arranging mee t ta w. 
library scorch and editing 
lexis. It would be helpful If 
you are ante lo deal effec- 
tively with patients, son and 

students. Pie mid office. 

•nod faculties for sw im ming, 
squash, eta Salary range 
£b2K>X73J4 pa Inc Lett 

auowanca UP lo £491 pa lor 
special skins. A ppttrauorw id 
eluding CV and names el 2 
referees lo: The Staffing 09+ 
nr U M D S. Lambefh 



co»*m Carden. A good Oefe- 
phene manner. SO wpm 
tyemg. may shorthand. WP 
ex ae r u m.0. and an outgoing 
pereoomty wm e n a b l e yon to 
iney your day. CT SO LVT 
pw. 6 weeks holiday. 

Are you iMBnstHl in 
Koaoncs and cunrt affairs? 
The Director d ondessanal 
research organisBiion to EC4 
needs a wfl organised and 
unOaopabiB secretary witfi 
eweHant sidfc. T0Q/5Q. to 
assBt with pnxJucBon of 
papers, trawl affangements 
and it u ni Wt wc B of a small 
(tasty. ESLDOO mg. 

P»em* Mated Tin Cukor 
BMM 5733 

r gl«niflcom 




B ym are kicky entreats to 
join, these dynamic Lloyds 
un d e r w riters you mow 
Mo the beautiful enwron- 
ment of the brand new 
Lloyds building this Sum- 
mer. BMpe + Mutanite. 
seasonal duties and deaf- 
en mth cfeffls. 

AMMO ■+ generous guaran- 
teed bonus + aflcwances. 

City 3778800 
WestEnd 439 3001 

Secretaries Plus 


A charming Account Direc- 
tor or mu cast eunteng 
successful PR nrm ki W1 Is 
looking for a PA iwUh good 

typing and shorthand] lo 


+ Mortgage Subsidies 
Yot muJfeiH «gare s« ioaal and 
ptenaq totes wH be My 
repented by Ms Cky corporete 
Inner group. Yai toll pbn 

. . CHEW 


Need a Sccretary/PA 
good shorthand & 
typing flexible boors 

01-240 9079 




Required to work for 
busy commercial depart- 
ment in a leading West 
End Finn of Estate 

Excellent salary & perks. 

Please contact 
fl 1-486 1252. 

-I- Mortgage Subsidy 

Wed educated and presented RA 
b requrefl by Dwrtnr ot ttos 
oajer My Mentoart Ba*. 
Ounce to enjoy B* cbaOengB 
BEBlemeni and cotatetoatoy ot 
magers. Boladons and mportart 
ttea conocL Super group ot 

retards + prospects. 

£9,0004- p.3. 

To assist busy young commo- 
ozl praperty Uwysf m smat 
eqreidng Hotbom firm itai- 
kig with a vartay of property 
rebtod wxk togethe » wah 
some goteto 

commercnl/pawanp mfc. 
Exjjeaed ro tese cfasefy *th 
ctec and operate on <m ta- 
tasw. Legal expeneics 
pretated Ita attety to caronv- 
nctoB and wort infer 
pressure essertaf. 

Phone Steven Scales ore 
.01-580 0305 (No Agendas) 


£16* package 


toagganea Dwteeti- Yes, yen 
■a need to rely on your em- 

S sSs 

return tor a superb benefits 

+ fit itetaon + STL + LVs. 
bmiuwl ? 

Cafl 629 4343 

£9288 + bats 

PR tetabons - press d»«ne- 
efeObans »d a c ftJ tiggng and 
nvokmq wereunta rate wretol 
vw wto eerebta# your 
W Mttim H stash red cod 
terapeteal wpmsen n sagaort 
gitt ynong. drtanvc mteap tern 
astoey pnrare cxl mM the 
very fates tecmaHow ntoto 
anti tom repWras nmtote 
the imD tsxxwi company Stab 
BOfiD ted 3 ps «m. 

Cafl 629 4343 

£11,009 plu* fare* 

IT yen are _«*** 
mta of 2 yrs l«tol 
busy tewsteMM tangt 
needs swta 

I j»! soa* »e SO^wWtei 

your oretaeg yaeC Tge- 
phone OI-®» 2727 or OI- 
£28 *737 OO". 




hwcreatnn^ Cto. »» 

nniii» Crust. hwBfwns 



iKbafe **** 

LfflSST M ® 

KMpfteOr «*“ Coot>, . 

E1W08 + Exc Perks 

A' lata ftraeft, good ska s 
ted WP are am Vffwtams 
necessary tor tbs an 
BComnsssM rule as a pmffl 
PA *»n tots tot Iteiks Ca 
Ensn me smoeth Mump 9 
aoi a aiJia b u n proceda ree. pw- 
ni ted cD-antoBto meetings 
and naval retd handle pereon- 
neL totpreste* perwaeh e 
lanpafr tufinn onern 

CaH K9 4343 

_re ii i UMHaw nu'HP tew n^ 

nvrmmrr UOIQI snoniwnd 

SYH *^icmvy aumuteung 


£9,508 + review 
Ceratane yw ta c tow ta taww 
iwr ipreierrad SM Daptoywntw 
and adh ynir Mterest n rerebB- 
ng and tsM w eonw tons 
■fill U Fourteen <d 
para/twttory refnsn. * dart- 
ng sec e aHl * needeo tea 
Vnecft yore ten m pm me 
gnetca ted (end wax taafy 
MBomttr to Ohs omateg 
into Stem tya s/h n asset. 

Cal 629 4343 

emteun cir wcitetawte*** 


laaK 1 

Ssereanes wi to Effl. 
Sew runes Wy n £» + 
bank benefts. 

01-377 6433 






Oor Marketing Director needs a weft organised and efficient sec who likes working 
on her/his own initiative. WP exp (Olivenil is preferred but training will be given. 
Audio typing or shore hand is also required. 

If you have a flair for admin and can run a busy office please write with C.V. and 
salary required to: 

The Marketing Director, William Heioemann LuL, 10 Upper Grosvenor Street. 
London WIX 9 Pa 

“Secretary required in Jnne for the Registrar 
and Receiver of St PanTs Cathedral doe to 
retirement of present secretary. In tbc Chapter 
House the main work is administration, planning 
and finance. In addition to audio typing and work 
processing skills the successful candidate will need 

g x) communication ability, an imerest in the 
thedral and its work and a tactful and happy 
personality. Salary ca. £8.500 p.a. 

Applications to: 'The Registrar, The Chapter 
House. St PanTs Churchyard, London, EC4M 


S uires secretary for private practice to start 
ly June. Previous medical experience an 

Phone 01-935 3046 


Energetic young secreta ry 
to k»« friendly and busy 
office In Oanftam area. 
Enthusiasm, good 

typing/ WP experience, at- 
tractive appearance and 
personality essential. Car 
driver preferred Good 
starting salary for toe nghl 

Call Mr. Hooper on: 

01 -€73 0191 



Urgently require 
Sec/girl Friday for a 
busy office. WP ex- 
perience preferred. 
01-730 6191 




Require bright capable 
secretary to look after 
the two partners. Salary 
c£9,500 per annum. 

ApA 91 491 2708 Re£LC 

6000 tyome ted thodtand reauwd 
Dtas ptajsaffl nvni ana unify to 
rra wore Processing desfaUe Ore 
net Fractal. Goowtei n> Otaita 
Lretoon Wuid utcotep lewta «t 
nutare nwmBy- 
ftng DM tefpte 

On 01-778 4738 

Mreium sized progeny com 
pany wiTn a nappy afmos 
(■here is kokinp for a 

Partner % tKirsiry. Sorneow 

who likes orwuustng ' artnl 
duties Speeov SO SO wort 
tits as a ream with another 
secretary Must nave a sense 
of humour Lovely offices in 
Genevan house in SI James'. 

of Bond St. 

Recruitment Consultants 

Hi 55. l*M tbr n tauBitd 
B1-62S OH 

uonal with gypira- Fun and 
futfummu In a young an d 
fnendiy envrtunmenl. £7 OOQ * 
sumtaniwl clothes allowance 
Please rati Jolia on 40B 1 1 17 al 
MNprfdMe iRee Gem) 2b 
South Motion SI. Wl 

Co. for smart. weU sooken sec 
rrtarv with Wang WP EXP and 
RO WPM SM hhd research 
th-w marsetirei ideos become in- 
i oiled. Ear promecls. cCO.SOO. 
Camiai Peopfe 240 WM. After 
7PM 741 2064. 

mOfCBTY £(0,000. Plus excel 
lent peeks Sec PA lo ms! 
group Company Secretary who 
operates a director leirt. aci as 
nghl hand aaaslant. only 60^< 
Secretarial W Sa 41 403 

0676 or after 7pm 999 A 377 

PUBLIC REUTWM Sec *. hand 
for PH departtneni of wen 
known orgamsanon in Wet 
End Good oPgamvr able lo ar- 
range seminar- and itsils Age 
22 50. To U 600 Phone O. V. 
Selection iRee Consi 01-828 

tags now with Top Estate 
Agents. Pubtancrs. Architects 
and Desumers and with well 
known Current Affairs Body. 
covent garden bureau 
i IO Fleet SLEC4.01 385 7696. 


Sec PA To JBdl&l incndiy Di- 
rector lots of event contact and 
Imolemenl Good protgreh. 
90 GO Ol 493 8676 Or after 
7pm. Ol 699 4577 Duke SI RK 


TO £10.000 

Several of ihe CUy*s mast 
prestigfouB Merchant Bank 
seek well qual seemanra 
with or without banking 
exp. £7.000+ for Jnrs lo 
£ 10.000 for more Srr 
Sec's. All have excellent 
banking benlfits tad. 
heavily subsidised mort- 
gages adding £ 2 . 000 + lo 
basic salaries! Mrs May 
Acme A PUS SB Cannon SI 
EC4. 01-623 3883 

FMMCH: MarkeUng 

PA Secretary with current 
BM Personal Computer expert- 
nice. absonddy itueru Cnolkti 
and French plut both abon- 
hands. for demanding and 
stumdattag post CurrenUv in 
Kingston area but win move to 
Wed London in the near future. 
Lots or fun. lots of work and lots 
of French. Salary area 
£10.000. MidnlutguBl Services 
iRecntaraem Considtaitts) 01- 
856 5794/8. 

£10,500 + MTG 

An excelienf opportunity 
has arisen in the Penorne) 
Department of a leading 
tniemancmaj Bankers. Ac- 
curate speeds + experience 
on the SM Mummate es- 
sential. Must be smart and 
wen spoken with confl- 
uence to deal wtlh people 
at all levels. For immediate 
interview -ring 01-488 
4746. Keystone Emp Agy 



Graduate trainee for Latin 
American division of ma- 
ter insurance company. 
Minimum typing 40wpm 
essential. Age 2130 
£7.500 aty. 

■OO- Paragon Language ' i 
Consultants 01-5BD 705S- : 


Kensington PR firm 
requires responsible 
person with fast ac- 
curate typing & good 
telephone manner. 
Varied responsibil- 
ities. Great working 
atmosphere. Salary 

Tel 01-938 2319 


Challenging opportunity 
for ambitious PA (24+) 
urgently needed to 
assist Ihis young team 
promoting leading travel 
company. Good secre- 
tarial skffls. 

Call Anna Maimers 


required for busy hut ffimdly 
Fulham developer* offira. 
Vand and lmeresuog wort 
for two Directors and the 
Saks and Markeiir* Man- 
ager. AgC DJM ■+ S 
weta Holiday A free fun rites. 
Contact Howard Day oa. 
01-738 7133 

EXES KCKTUY. £9.000 
£10.000 + bonuL PmUaouc w 
Land Msrkattag Crouu ne+d a 
brteht rathitabcoc wc wnn 
good skdl& 6 WP UBM or 
WANCl The posi wm ImohT 
aaitaiMi a buw young Vie* Pr»- 
IdrnL deaMng with 

pnyniiUH and conream 
Haaon wtih Europe. * Mew 
York. European Lend would Oe 
a real bbm( however n« ement. 
CASTLED AT A 01 48S 4011 

Small, friendly upmarket secre- 
tarial agency wefts * wceeful 
Interviewer in wort with Direc- 
tor. Maintain and expand own 
cflent DortlolKJ. Potential Direc- 
tanMo for money ■ maker wnn 
amtntlon. Sal neg + Cnod 
conmisMn. Call Eileen Price 
On 240 9584. After 7PM 741 

MON PA ,-Sec 21 22 < 100.-501 
WP iwiu be framed) iota excel- 
lent Meimaoi Bank ECS tn 
imereeung Dotation. Organise 
and adminfstrate (map dent, 
wilh one other Young hlendlv 
and busy. Good berWILS. Phone 
Miller MCNrth Dec Cora 754 
5768 or 457 8476. 135 Oxford 

£9.060 PA, -Sec 25-26 NO 
SHORTHAND accurate typing. 
WP Met mam Rank WC2 Good 
eoueslKKiai bac k ground, bank- 
tag rxnerlence an adianpage 
Smart appea r ance and irienoty 
personality. ExcelleM fringe 
benefits. Phone Miller McNnh 
Rec Con* T34 3768 or 457 
8476. 133 Oxford Street. 

AC ABC MIC PA Professional body 
in Wl wefts ideally a graduate 
for /hrir education dept Vari- 
ety ot dunes includes per so nnel 
work and grrieral aamuustra- 
Uon. Either audio or dioreund 
lot ihe secretarial contraL at ♦. 
CE9.WIO. Phone 683 0055 
MrrecMLh Scott Recrurtmtai. 

£7.600 voung Famous Agy 
seeks live wire to areal within 
CTratKe Department also work- 
ing wilh 2 client handling 
Executives no short hand. Good 
typing. 01 493 8676 or Ann 
7 pm Ol 899 4577. CAVE ST 

reury inos.-hiih personnst An 
nwllm career OBOorlunuy tn 
a young and thirty environ- 
merrl TO X8£X» + 28A> 

dbcouM on clothes. Please caO 
Julia on 408 11X7 at 

Mretomnge IRee C o ns i. 26 

South Morton Street. Wl 

MncaLK c LS^OO- Leading 
PR Consultancy working mi 
H ealth Medical Accounts Itreds 

Sec Wftti S H .Wrto entoK cn 

cot con tart, and chance in deal 
wiin Press r etain ei . Jaurnansi 
and Currenl Allairs. CO VENT 
31 CCA 563 7696. 

HRAW WARD £8000 

6«C Assistant K> work for me 
wen known Public Relations 
Agy. W hoove ett+Ota IrVUide a 
trotecal Hand. Lob <n 
InvouneiiL no short hand. Good 
typing 495 8676 or alter 7 PM 
01 899 4577 Duke a Rcc Cons 

snorthand/typtng hui meet top 
c times and ilmse tnHrrnally on 
hts benalf. A good ton hotder 
with exredenl grooming and 
speeds 90 65 essential. Excel- 
lent perils Include drums 
allowance Garcdme King 
APPts- 01 499 8070. 

BOOK MAftKETOtC £7.780 A 
secretary assistant is needed 
lor uus leading publntitaa 
house lo Ictn ihetr marketing 
and dMnbubon division. Once 
trained youU detclop yotn 
own clients lo looft after so pros- 
pects are esreMrM SO wpm 
tynmg abtmy needed and previ- 
ous WP experience Please 
telephone 01 2*0 5551-5511 
twest Cndt or 01 240 3551 
iCttyL ElUnbeth Hunt Recruit- 
ment Consultants. 


£9.000. Europe's leading design 
consultancy seeks a bright, out- 
going secretary lo a very 
pteasani preyed manager. 
Amazing offices and a fun so- 
cial atmosphere. Benefits 
metude subsidised lunch and 
ihe use ot neatin dub 60 wpm 
audio ability and WP skills 
needed. Please telephone Ol 
240 5651 351 1 (West Endi or 
Ol 240 56Sl iCttli. Elizabeth 
Hunt RecTtiltmenl Consultants. 

YOUNG SECS. Tram on WP lo 
£8 400+ July rev. With S wilh 
out s A Due lo expansion this 
biL aty Co seeks Origin 
rOTevrii c-Ts lo Manager tend 
secs You wtu gam valuable 
rxp. in a young friendly and 
caring atmosphere. Lots of 
scope lo progress K you have a 
pleasant personality and will- 
Ingiesa to taarn. Perks Inc. free 
lunches St STL. Call Lorraine 
Kmgstand Pers Cons 01-406 


A U B UNI 8 TTI ATOR A challenging 
ponnon arranenna irainmg 
courses. A Haiti an oulgomo 
personable character with a eye 
few detail and good telephone 
manrier. Acruraie typing neces- 
sary for own correspondance - 
knowledge- ot Wordstar neurful 
Du: noi msenUal. Evcetlenl 
scope lor tniorvmenl and pro- 
g resKO 21-26. r £7.6(0 ♦ 
Please call Lynn Baird on Ol- 
459 3054 FailMOto Personnel 

based chon- and orchestra seeks 
bright college leaser lor admin 
ETratne office. You will deal 
wilh ’phone mounts, tellers., 
general admin etc and look af- 
ter me office when the 
orchesrra i» on lour. Good typ- 
ing essential (no shorthand) 
Radian or French uselul Age 
I a, salary to £6.000. Please 
telephone 01-495 5787 Gordon 
Sales Consultancy. 

C QUEST LEAVER career pros- 
peels c£6to00. This large City 
based company are offering an 
esc el ten i opbonumo lor a Hie 
ly confident young sccrrtarv 
with 50 wpm unng >ou will 
reiwR a Senior Secretarv wilh a 
tanerv oi dubrt mchximg lyp- 
ug. booking appranffr-mre and 
lots of Iriepnone baeoo Good 
leleohone manner and preser- 
ialxw. taaesmai Caroune King 
Agnis Ol 490 8670 

HO StWRYHANO £9^500 - major 
GS based company Involved m 
world hotel promotion seeks 
Sec PA u Chief Executae. He 
IS esreouoriaJ - cctwwteraie. 
rtianrang and a real gouefler. 
Vou win took after all aspects, 
meeting greeiiog cliena and 
solitag problems as mey arise. 
Losety *00. Leas of prospects. 
Good audio typing esseobar 
Please telephone 01-493 6787 
Gordon Vales Consultancy. 

small Wl Market Research 
Company nee ds a second wooer 
to assaa ihe office manager 
You win babe with a wide 
range of clients from ratau and 
consumer 10 industrial and H 
nanctal Other dune-, include 
hotel and travel arrangements 
and collating information Typ- 

ADS A BtKE5 £7.500 - 'marl 
».-i> fWArtt f w i rJinnrsf sought 
rv -null uowiiig aairrtising 
agrTMi Sou wslf irirl rlienls. 
laic calls KViv nib" book 
rwfiw'" too-*" r».."lindle 
irjiel r.i Vamd. inteTi-Jing 
KH> RfuuD. (rirnon rtl.eon- 
m. 1 >I Vmr - »M .-vnerielice 
.ub--*'|s Monarch or wmiljn e» 
ser.'wl vge IO* Please Irt Ol • 
area ■_ ,’ir Tnr i»oik srtop. 
ADVERT! 51 MC £9.000 AT 21- 
Ail . s.-rtiem cnoi-MuMU kr a 
rarubl. w »«linn«i lopron 
Mjmrr irrounli Milhin 
prejmuus .O ag"n.r> Leas of 
laners and admin ininrte 
men) guarani ml II you hale 
skiff* •*+:■ • a roniHh-nl per 

sor-alllv Pius otenn of 
eninuMa-rr cjh 7r*n Forty? 
Cl -631 :m: Pncn- ijrak-wn 
flr-rujtnwn: Comulun » 

PA secretory Nk:g LV50O 
sen mm pa i(+- dealing at 
reel “ilh nnnenm ana 

suppliers trouble- nesting md 
Iran- taring e»v?'Siiir> w iraiei 
lo Cl-i mans ar-d hull Suit V* 
geiiir if- *.itn s hand in 
Cngirsh Am oiner languages 
an aisei Ring SI 4 j!*S 

CLC Languao- Services ■Ret: 

■UriClfTKRtDCC Initialise 

evanlia. lor 51 ? eng mir.ded PA 
6 r> S T. ? 5 'HI with oood 
sriorfhand ana some viP id 
organist Mar-asn-r ana Ml small 
lean in Ini Co Tciiai misuse- 
mem iprluding prior ny dio-us. 
Mi.errsi s basing ana -«ie in 
lormauon rrirw- al c 16 CVO - 
super rrmoe b nedis 5 weeks 
hoK Joire Coigns Ol 589 
8867 CO Id -Rrr Cons' 

ER ip 10 L? 606 ae 
Presrtgioiis oilers bawd in ine 
AKfssvch urgenllk seek Ihe 
MbUnre Ct a compelmt 
gmtiMTM audio sec 10 mot me 
full support lo a bins team re 
voung and inenals ronsultants 
Training given nr, up call 
Carmrt on 01 P-tC CM Per 
sonitel Appuir.imcr. is 95 
AUtuyvn. London UC3B «Js» 

ro a owm Based m 

beautiful w-Wti oil m. Ihis 
wed known [nnsirubm con- 
sultancy are k-cniia lor a self 
motivated voung set ruarv wuh 
tael, dipway ar.e oea-reiion 
toKsn tacir personnel |i-;m £»• 
ceiieni training prospects and 
perks 'including ui nouse 
squash court-' 6) ills 100 50- 
Caroline King Apply Ol 499 

RECEPTIONIST £8.000 - emoy 
Ihe ultima:? in elegant aw- 
le.-ice. os ircmi-desk superstar 
l«r irus dynamic Amenran 
rompini Thev are voting, 
hign-rtylr.q financial dealers 
You will haralle rale, callers 
and reiicl tv pins Same w-orh 
e spent? ire rcgin-ng Esa-eilen) 
auilio Is pi no — .wnlial Ag-26* 
Please lelephone 01-493 5787 
Cordon 1 ales r onsultai>-~S' 
FULNAM £ 9.000 Join IhK top 
lum cf intenor eng grapiur de- 
ugners A- sec rrtarv 10 a 
director A sup-rb c-nportunib' 
in further \ cor inn-ri-sl in irw- 
lirlj m a very lri--ndll and in- 
rnrtnal almnspre-r,- oO wpm 
r. ping ner*?ed Please telephone 
01 3^6 3651 35'.l 1 Wesl End' 
or 61 2ao 5551 1C.V. Elirabeth 
Hunt Recruiltneni Cortsullanls 
MAKE HEADLINES: . lop name 
PR agency sec 1 ter PA lo |w* 
account handlers Cacti I ml rn 
tree inlc- the world of PR 
llaearej with media cnnlaris ana 
hiiiwg lo orgaiiise evenis Nou 
snould nave last, accurate lim- 
ing -no s h revi' aiel some sec 
esp Age 20 25 Salary ID 
£8.670 Pli-M I 61 -409 1232 
The Work Shop 
iruxBonr publisher' seek secre- 
tary f nr Per-onnel Dept Hectic, 
snmulaung kO handling pervon 
nvl admin for 406- ..tall II you 
have a brtohl conlidrnl ap- 
proach. fasl .<ruraie is ping and 
sound seerruna) evpern-nre gel 
in louch. Age 22* Shorthand 
useful, not essential Ptease lei 
01-469 1252 The Work Shop 
LEAVERS Lovking for the sure 
ot a surcesslul career nr a first 
ion lo conshf idale their skills, un 
PR. adienising. puo'sruog elc> 
or simply ad vice on how 10 
write a CV. should rail Lucy 
Luliens on PI 581 •-•977 2947 
Jane Crosthwaile Recruitment 
Consultants Lid. 21 Beauchamp 

Place swj 

SUPER-ADMM! c£J.QOO - great 

cpcmriunliy lo utilise your 
organrung flair. as 

see -Assistant lo Ihe young 00- 
ahead vie bow o« mis mamr 
Wesl End shops restaurants 
romplry Lots of runomer con 
lact. sanefv and in> onimtnl 
Skills 96 60 Age 22* Pitase 
lei 01409 |252 The Work 

cmr RECEPTIONIST e£7^00 A 
targe professional hrm seeks an 
experienced young 

rere-pborusi lelephonr-T aged 
2023 10 tom mem Superb Of- 
I ices and almovphrre Please 
■etapflone Ol 240 5531 -Wesl 
End' or Ol 240 3551 <Cily). 
Elizabeth Hunt Rrcxuitmenl 

keemg dll. cf world renowned 
co requiirs bilingual Frenrn 
■mother lonoue sia 1 
PA Secretary • Snonhand m 
both languages useful and abili- 
ty 10 work mdependanUy ere 
very n»n tairauaoe conlcnl 
£9.000 MrrrO“ Emp Al) -The 
Language Specwdrsl 1 n3n 1-187 
needs a flirty wetf educated PA 
S01.S T eart> 20'v wilh plenty 
ol nous who will «nve all round 
Minpori and snare nrs Senior 
Acrounl Chre-iorv live wire 

exstance. Shonhand 6 th ns 
90 SO. some w-p. rrom £“ OOO 
e fringe Oenelils JoncCume* 
689 8807 • 6010 iRer Cons' 
VICTORIA - Management Consul- 
tancy IS looking lor a '-erTeunal 
asmsranl wuh 50 w pm 11 p*nu (o 
work I Or Ihe Training Adminis- 
trator Heir* to prepare course 
maieriaL handle course book- 
ings and queries and send out 
puMHTiv material Pleas* ring 
Angela Mortimer Lid iRee Const 
Ol -629 9686 Salary 10 £6 400 
£6 500 Join Ihh own Wl ho- 
- lei ^vcTeiary lo Uie per-tonnef 
man. race An norllwl first fob 

for a sauna college leaver with 
SO SO Shills Plrgje Irlepnonr 
Ol 2*0 5631 351 1 iWe-l End» 
or 01 240 5551 iCjiv '. Cliraberh 
Hum RecruiiTwni Corcuftanis 
GERMAN SFK PA to MD ol rx 
pandfna iredma ro -n n 
L ondon Very' much a PA role 
so must compose own cone 
spondence and lake on IMS ol 
responsibflrfy. Mevt rtrenfs *0 
preventaftoo import anl 

£9.500 Mecrow Emp Agy 'The 
uusquaoe Speoalrusi 636 I J87 
SECRETARY hi C 1X600. M vou 
has e 1 20 80 skills and are aged 
55-46 you are too ideal c.nnai 
dale 10 torn Hits '00 w 1 property 
company'. Please telephone Ol 
246 5531 35! I iVtlhl End» or 
Ol 240 3651 -CUV ■ tor more de 
tails. EiiTBPrin Hard 
RerruUm+nl ConsultaMs 
youngornthr -erietarv n-c. Es- 
ctlina opportunity in fasl 
growing business (h-ponsiwl 
tlte-v will Be varied and 
Challenging Tvping i-vp and ac 
curacy are essential Salary £6- 
£7060 Call 01 73e, 8474 
needed ter ri(ius-ie W : PR 
consul lancy (locd cppnn unity 
lor desefopmenf Srivmld be 
Wrikspoken wilh skills ol 
f?ri 46 Please ring Angela 
Mortimer Lid Ol -o2v 9686 • R« 

DUTCH / GERMAN trilingual PA 
exec sec lor Ini Co Wl lv 
irurialne. compose <w*p enrre 
mondence in ail linv'uve. ir- 
this chalten-jlng ana rewarding 
neiilmi IIO.UIQ * cycl peris. 
Merrow Emp Ag> iTiv Lan- 
guage -Specialists! 01 63© 1 487 
tor the In-ncar-r Lawyer of 
large Inr Co W-| You need 
skills of 60 wpm be flexible, 
confident, capable and calm in 
rrhts-l O A lev 1 -IS pref Superb 
perks Cal! Sue 6! -104 0022 
hinoslaiHl Pro Cons 
PA 3EC 10 Co. S-C w*vs war.t« to 
oeteoale-nn figure work' FTev . 
exp ol WP sn 10O + sume au- 
dio Skills requ-rvd l scetienl 
oop lor fnendiy pratessionai 
person For deiailMino Anlielle 
Oronnor on Ol 754 7823 

Kmovtar-d Pel- Cons 
R£CEPTK)NCS7 Irteohonisf. Up 
Wl lor p- esngeiyus xu vl air 

office Musi be '.en weti-pr-im 

A rresenled with prev mu exp 
on Ihe Monarch 120 5 8 Aged 
20-50 18 R.566 For details 

ring Annette on 61 734 7823 
hi nasi an.) Pers Cnnv 
This Chairman 6 seeking an 
exp person wiln g--x) ser -kills, 
and organising ability m hectic 
bul tovetv atmosphere 1 mm 

part salary r C 16.56.7 Rina 
Ataria at RPL on 01 688 e722 
Per Cans 

tlOJSOO TRILINGUAL secretary. 
Cus x4erctiani Bank. French 
and German wiih rxcetleni En 
glisn serri-lanal skills ic-r Senior 
Executives Internal loria! Divi 
S ion Excellent Dank nenefils 
430 1551 26S3 Dulcte Simp- 
son Appls 

sec Office administrator lor 
Ihetr beautiful Mas-fair office 
Good co-ordinai-'r Skins 
90 55-* Age 24-40 L9.SOO- 
Far details nng Annerie rv| 734 
7823 kings! end Pers Cun* 


uruni-inan ne ed -. PA will, 
aond Lypina ana excellent pre- 
sentation to run office and .yaim 
VIP' s wnn press tuner ions ox- 
hratnons ete. cElOPOO Link 
Apply 846 1C43 

FRENCH SPEAKING colleae teas ■ 
rt y-creiary with s IwkI id 
bum Cngiwn and F nx i rt i -ought 
By inter national Co EI2 Ideal 
first pad lor career luvquisL .01 1 
839 3365 CLC Langiuor Ser 
vices 1 Rrr Const. 

writ* drtvfnp w » ute .ml some 
lyping.toiliiy iraurcdbi exclu- 
sive financial ronsullanrv in 
Wl. AW ?>30 £8 000 lOI* 
859 5366 CLC Language Srr 
vices 1 Roc Consi 



"rtove a se|er|ion of r« 
cilmg temp bookings for 

■a-inor sh audio saves wilh 
160 M*k Pevp ■ m oar 
ET351 IBM 

Dmbivrllm Join our 

WAihaorul I e,ym today! 

Ring Sony Owens an 01. 
235 8427 



VARKTY of interesting 

booking* lor see'- wilh exp 
'50 IOO wpmi Exr rewards 
ran Jnnn Huell. Office 
Overload Agy. Ol 229 92+4 

START 6 MAT 2 Senior Mihi be 
sn audio -verreu-nr- wnn 
Ohvctii ETJS1 esp Top raliv 
Ring Sam Owens on 61 235 
8*27 kntgnisandoe Srrielar 
>ey. 4 Pont Street. London SW S 
your exp mi several machines 
work tor you top rowjrm. 
snort a tong term .work Gall 
Moira Office Overload Agy 01 . 
229 J41S 

£6-50 PER HOUR lor prrgann 

with Vino. OHv-i-ni 351. IBM 
D- rrujew cm banks wanted un- 
mediately 436 J 661 2b&3 
riulcie SimpMm AppLs 
CLERKS IB- 22- ror general of 
lire work. Suit Stuarnu ETC 
110 Reel St. EC-1 363 7696 
SEC . ASST . Gonlerenrrs Esc 
sal Wl I Long term Gall Moira 
Ol 229 9244 Office Overload 


kill’s Lots 01 bookings SW & 
Wi-m London l*o rales Natalia 
61 736 9857 iRee Cons. 



part time secretary 


SThouis 90 * 8h /typing. -udio. 

five days per we ^; JlVeSnUaL WP an advan- 

and telephfMto seif employed 

Twins Remuneration 

£ 120.00 per week, appw 

...gSJ j^WTES 


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Tup sp wte 

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College leaver, 
salary 7.000+. to 
work in this very 
friendly interna* 
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Great promotion 
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Ms 55. 1 red £jv is Foin.cto 

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They- certainly' know how to re- 
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ASSISTANT wilh GCE O levels 
required by picture framen 
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in writing to The Cork Street 
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ot expanding service company, 
wi ease bookkeeping phre 
some typing. Career prospects 
salary £7 9k aae. Word Aren 
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tional trading company swi 
Previous experience and typing 
required Word Associates 
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90 YOU NEED a good woman? 
Al tract ut intern oral, dynamic 
Do you need something 
organised or lo be organised. 
Can you nay epos +. wr tin a 
car || me answer is yes Reply 
to BOX B82 - 

FRENCH ENGLISH soeaktnq ire 
rtunal. age 45. 8we» work 
oermiL wide experience in 
French and English speaking 
Africa seeks post m trade -bar 

tor included! Geneva based, 
available to IraiH. Reply lo 
BOX BOO The Tunes HO box 
484 Virginia Street. London El. 

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son 20+ with a year's exp 
S hand preieraDlc iCil ■ 839 
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- Rcc Cnnsi. 

-ec £8.000 ♦ ex perks e g. 2 
bomnes ♦ Mortgage Excrtlenl 
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lurunuus offices. For details 
rind Hi* on 01-734 7825 

kir-9-iaad Pers Cons 
LEGAL c £9 500 2 Cheerful solic- 
itor. -: in Wl. other EC3i seek 
2 Company Law secs lor easy 
goinu. laid-back. 9.30 - 5 JO 
partners Wc-U paid with lovely 
ofnres. call Mr Thompson on 
01 828 5792 kuwetand Legal 
MARKETING SEC < £8.600. 
rtetpina a senior exec. Inaiaroe 
co close London Bridoe dealing 
—Hh Finance and Invemions't 
Exc skills of 100 SO * PA exp. 
Lolx of super pecks. Call Sue Ol • 
464 0022 Kinpsland Per- Cons. 
PUBLISHERS SEC No sh . Typing 
45 wpm* Mill college 
leaver 2nd lObber Pref rdf lo 
■A' level standard f languages 
useful bul nol ev*en > £o.860 •* 
ev perks. Ring Crira on Ol -7 34 
7623 kingsiand Per* Cons 
Mature exp person wilh good 
•er skin- io work for 2 Snr 
members of too airline Co. Sal- 
art c CB.I>X> bul usual airline 
oencfils apply Ring Marea al 
RPL on 01-508 6722 Rrt Cons 
fw>w Chn-ctc-r «*nh Scandina- 
vian connection* seeks PA sec 
wim cnnversalional Swedish 
Min speeds »0 SO Call Julian 
Hamorit on 283 1565 RIB 

FASHION - WI Cc- PcfHhed sh 
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varied position not all glam 
bul Iocs of tun' Eo.OCO •» superb 
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FIGURE MINDED sh sec to I rain 
on computerised bookkeeping 
svMem & deal wilh office 
admin Luxury Cilv offices To 
LI Cl OOO Wood house Rec Cons 
Ol -404 4646 


person with jood sec Muds lo 
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on 01 558 6722 Rec Cons 
Enainn *-h only transtaiions. 
admin, client con lact. lo 19.500 
imwr NWlO. Polygkil Agy lor 
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skilly 90 60 Career opportuni- 
ty cxi 0.000 na Call Natalia 

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ITALIAN USEFUL lor Ihis inter- 
esting customer support 
rovjiion Cd lete manner A lyp- 
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are exec work great opportune 
ly aae 22* Flair RerniumriU 
01938 2222 

SEC IN SCI £7 8.000 AAE 
Fnendiy co Lovely- offices 
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Cull Elaine 01-405 S77R 
Ktnqviand per* Cons 


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nous AMSA SpeciaUM Rec. 
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EH tX«3 ♦ Bonus. 90 SO skills 
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Some arris rxjj ess 23- Call 
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kmgsiand Pers Cons 
FLOATING SEC City £9.000. Are 
Ota i-ODV and W P esa 20* Call 
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Per Conk 

hley and TMlt-num Good 
Lv ping skills £h*9. OJ 404 

2ND JOBBER • Audio WP -ax 
W l Ca C8.500 19+ Cau Tarua 
01-623 4226 Kmgsund Pm 

Kr Liv Rl 23+ Audio evr. Lbk 
of admin Cali Tama 01-623 
4226 Kingsland Pers Pons 
see IDA for diMtw ro In Yfr 
imu wm WP [rain mil 
teleptionr conuicl. 20+ . 

£7.000* 846 9743 Link APMS 
SALES see xh Oly CXS.OOO 
90. 50 skills (tall Sandra Ol 
623 4226 Kingsland Pers Cons- 


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(Est'd 1970) 



1,000'* of seals most go 








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JO BURG - . £24 B t430 

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LOS ANGELES. £192 £385 

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TORONTO .. -£162 


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o IV £395 rtn £646. AUcWOTb 
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ntgnu eg. Rio £495. Lim a 
£475 rtn AKo Small Croup 
Hotktay Journeys. JLA 01-747- 


USA. S America. Mid and Far 
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TURKEY flight only to Dauman 
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01 891 6469 AMI 2047 

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tares Call Biggies Travel. 01 
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May and early June villa bar- 
gains 2 weeks for price ot one. 
From £110. Contact Manly. 
Stan iitas. Cambridge. iOS23i 
311990. Alol 51 7B 

DORDOGNE. 7 caravans lo lei In 
20 acres, of secluded valley. 2 
acres earn English Wd. not 
wafer, nc From £60 per week. 
Canterbury iQ 22 Ti 67309 

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farmnouse VH in 8 acres. Sleeps 
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las in Algarve wilh staff A own 

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■ 7. 













— ■ 




career choice 

Tough rewards in outdoor life 

■fene and Tiin Bayliss have taken an 
unusual step for young formas with the 
start-up of their own agriculture business 
ro addition to their regular forming job. 
The couple hopes that one day this will 
allow them to form independently. The 
venture started with the purchase of 50 
ewes, and as the couple cautiously 
report, they have already started to repay 
their loan. But they point out that the 
scheme is only feasible because Tim is 
employed as a form manager, while Jane 
runs their sheep and goats enterprise. 

This fact illustrates one of farming's 
hard realities: the high cost of land and 
the targe capital needed for start-up 
make it very difficult for young people to 
be their own boss unless their parents 
own a form or are tenant 
Neither of these requirements applies to 
Tim and Jane. 

However, fanning knowledge and 
skills are also necessary, and it is here 
that the couple have a good start. Both 
have the Higher National Diploma from 
Wrinle Agricultural College: From the 
start of his training Tim now 27, knew he 
wanted the challenge of management 
and 3 financial stake in his work. After 
college he spent two years as assistant 
form manager in Lincolnshire, this 
eventually led to his present job manag- 
ing an arable and beef form in Essex. 

lane, meanwhile, worked at a research 
institute, and later became a shepherdess 
in Sussex. But with support provided by 
Tim's managerial job they married and 
moved into the house that goes with his 
work. Tim then rented 30 acres — mainly 
from his boss — and foe couple set up 
their own venture (unaided by the 

The high cost of land 
and capital input makes 
independent fanning a 

numerous back-up sendees such as 
pesticides, chemicals, fenilisersjpertaps 
working in sales or marketing. There are 

dream for most young 
farmers. Sally Watts 
considers how to tackle 

the agriculture business 

parents / [ COULD ALUMS’ WKtIE 

( m. ‘iKe/mezs' 

pphes to V. 

Romantic ideas are blown 
away by harsh circumstance 


Business Expansion Scheme, 
they had not heard of it.) 

Their venture is comprised of sheep 
for commercial fot lamb production and 
a goat's milk unit. Jane makes organic 
cheese, a process foe learned by trial and 
error and attending a course. At present 
outlets 3re wholesalers and small chains. 

The hours are very long, starting at 
6.30am. At harvest lime Tim may be 
occupied until midnight, whereas Jane is 
frantically busy in foe lambing season. 
He helps when he can, but foe responsi- 
bility for animals means they cannot get 
away for more than a weekend, even 
with the hiring of a lad to help. 

The couple think they have been 
lucky, primarily because Tim's boss is 
cooperative. “Lack of money is a 
difficulty in forming today and there's a 
shortage of opportunities for beginners, 
so you have to take on the responsibility 
yourself" says Jane. "We have used foe 
focilities we've got. to start reasonably 
small and build up." 

Says Tim: "It's only frightening when 
you look back, not when you're starting. 
We enjoy having our own business, the 
challenge to create something from 
nothing. Romantic ideas of forming are 
blown away by foe harsh circumstances, 

but I like foe challenge and satisfaction 
of working with animals and with the 

Tim has just taken a course on the 
former as manager, a useful subject for 
anyone hoping to progress in agriculture, 
and an indication of foe importance of 
business skills. Some Agricultural Train- 
ing Board courses have tides similar to 
those for managers in any commercial 
organization: work planning, managing 
staff, self-management, selection and 
training; others deal with financial 

The ATB has also introduced the S 
series, or supervisory development pro- 
gramme. for high fliers between 20 and 
30. who attend residential courses over 
two years, combined with projects at the 
work place. 

Rates of pay do not compare well with 
industry and forming calls for great 
dedication. But, it also has much to offer 
people willing to work alone, keen to 
work with animals, crops and machinery 
and prepared to be outdoors in aU 
weather. You must also be open to 
change from the constant developments 
in science and technology. 

Training lakes three categories, de- 
pending on your choice and the entry 
qualifications you can offer. You can 
prepare for a degree in agriculture or one 
of several related subjects such as 
veterinary science, agricultural science 
or agricultural economics, agricultural 
botany, agricultural biochemistry. A 
qualification can lead to a research, 
administrative or advisory post; there 
are also postgraduate grants and awards. 

Your career could also lie in one of the ~ 

teaching opportunities, too, in universi- 
ties and colleges. 

Most counties have an agricultural 
college where students can take a one- 
year certificate course or a tfuw-year 
sandwich diploma, generally after a 
year's practical experience. Opportuni- 
ties exist for people prepared to move 
around after qualifying, 

The HND is science based with a 
managerial element, and is available in 
agriculture and allied subjects such as 
a g ri cultural engineering or agricultural 
marketing and business administration, 
among others. There is a National 
Diploma in agriculture, horticulture or 
forestry, and some shorter courses in 
horse management, fish forming, poultry 
husbandry, food technology, form secre- 
tarial work. The National Certificate 
leads to a variety of practical jobs with 
the chance to progress. 

The third type of entry is for young 
form workers who attend a college course 
part-time or belong to the Youth 
Training Scheme. There is also the 
ATB's apprenticeship and craft training 
scheme, involving day or block release. 

In addition, the ATB mounts numer- 
ous brief, on-site courses for experi enced 
people needing to update or improve 
their skills. Andrew Yates, wbo managed 
600 acres in Hertfordshire, reckons he 
fia^ falfpn some 1 5 such courses, the most 
recent in advanced spraying. 

"Ninety per cent of my work is 
practical, often coping with problems. 
Farming is changing all the time and 


teaching feuov^/lecturers 

Htofr Cctore Staff In Computer Integrated Mantdsdumg ora 

6y the new CfM tosWufe to undertake leocfing Atetes TeocMag 

end Research. 

Successful axxSdote5 wffl be involved mCiMatreodywtBvnone orinora of »>o 

software englnaering areas card apportions, sucti os mtoimatan engineeraiQ. 
data architecture. MAP. mamjfaaurino systems control and CtMopp&crfions 

Attcclhie safeties are avoSatiteaccor<Sngrtaqix2S«caJ^ 

The ocpoblBftes tor teodw o sponsored CfMpcaed teams. bndconWxifinflfo 

major Company COune Programmes through The CM EnviroranenT bemg 
estatofched at Cmnfieid are also important 

Wraewfth brief career details tor more information to: 

Professor J. ft. Crookafi, 

Chairman, The CM fctsftfute, 

BufKBng SO, CianMd tns&ute of Technology, CranMd. 
Bedford MK43 0AL 


Management skills are 


essential In farming today 

you've got to keep up to date,” says 
Andrew, who has foe NC and was 
formerly bead tractor driver. An evening 
course in management paved the way to 
his present job. 

Skilled staff and sophisticated machin- 
ery mean the 600 acres are fanned by 
three people; there are only 25 for the 
partnership's entire 5,500 acres. 

The pay and the long hours — 46 a 
week basic and 80 or more in foe 
summer — are disadvantages, but An- 
drew believes the open air life and that 
each day is different are compensations. 

"People doing other work may earn 
more but dislike their job, longing for 
Friday and dreading Monday'. Here, 
nearly everyone stays until they retire. I 
would recommend forming to anyone 
with a bias towards the land and the 1 
outdoor life." 

• For Junker information contact: 
Agricultural Training Board, Bourne 
House. 32-34 Beckenham Road, Becken- 
ham, Kent BR3 4PB. Careers, Education 
and Training Advice Centre. Royal 


Agricultural and 
Food . Research Council. 160 Great 
Portland Street. London WIN 6DT. > 






Telephone: Northwood 21850 
require for September or January 





Own Salary Scale. 

Further details of this appointment 
be obtained from the HEADMASTER 


Self motivated, confident graduate required for 

Constr u c ti o n Industry traced Education and 
Information Unit. 


L Develop and run a range of conferences. 
events and meetings to further the cause of im- 
proved distance learning across foe industry. 

1 1. Research and progress-chase foe production 
of distance learning media. 

Experience from within the areas of Open 
Learning. Conference Planning and Educational 
Media Production essential. 

Salary £9.000 - £10,000 per annum. C.V. and 
hand written letter to Graeme Keirle. The Build- 
ing Centre. 26 Store Street, London WOE 7BT. 
Tel 01-637 1022 ext. 238 


Large Private 

Language School Organisation in Germany, 
requires for a dient in foe Frankfort area: 
Experienced and Qualified Native Speaker 
Language Trainer (TEFL) 


With possibility of later assuming Poa as EtmvRep- 
reseoiative on the programme with the following 

- Professional supervision of Euro-Teacfaen 

- Organisation and administrative duues 

- Teaching English as required 


- Ea tensive experience teaching englisb as a foreign 

- language (incL 5 years teaching students from bus 
ness and industry) 

• TEFL qualification (RSA, PGCE/TEFL. MA, 


- Adaptability to training methods currently in use. 

- Good knowledge of German 

The successful applicant can expect both an attractive 
salary and a pleasant working atmosphere 
Applications in duplicate with c.v. qualifications and 
recent photograph toe 

Euro-Sprachschutai Organisation. Hauptstr. 26. ID- 
8751 Stockstadt/Maio. wes 

Aon Mis. Bastnier. 

i/est Germany. 


Young Economics Graduate 

for September I486 to Kadi the sutaed thraugbom (be tcbool u> 
'Oxbridge* enuatKC standard. An interest in the use or comput- 
ers asa teaching aid be faricome. A willingness » phy • lull 
pan id ntra-oimoitar activities (nut necessarily games) » 

The school win be opening us lint boar di ng bouse for gjrh {aged 
13 lo I?) in September IW, 

Sslarv Orfton scale. Residential accommodation available. 
Andy (endosmg curriculum »iue and the names of referees) 

to Tie Headmaster. CWtou 

C dtese. Bristol BSS JJH. 


Westminster Cathedral 
Choir School 

. , i 

(l APS. CSA. 60 Day Boys. 30 Choristers.) 

Required in September teacher for Geography 
tbroughourthe School and for English to middle 
forms. Games helpful. Burn ham -wtth London 

Please send full details with names of three refer- 
ees to: The Headmaster. Westminster Cathedra) 
Choir School. Ambrasden Avenue. London. 



Applications are invited for foe post in succession to 
Mrs M./tf. Dawson - a member ut foe Girts 1 Schools 

Prior’s Reid is an independent girts’ boarding and day 
' It to 18. 

school with 200 pupils aged 
The governors hope to make foe appointment for 1st 
January 1987. Closing date for applications is 31st 
May 1986 with fins! selection being made in July 1986. 
Further partkailffs and application forms from foe 
Clerk to the Governors, Prior’s Field School. 
Godalmmg Surrey , GU7 2RH. 



The Governing Body of St 
Mary’s School. 

Shanesbu-y. an 

Independent ftc Boarding 
and Day School for 530 
guts invites applications 
Mr me post of Bursar 

Details of Ihe post and 
appBcaifon Runs available 
from The HeaarmsJress. 
st. Maw’s school 
S haftesbury. Dorset. 


Which School 
for your child? 

Our opart asnseBag etnas 
every aspect of education, from 
preparatory to finriiing 
schools, from Gnaws to 
educational psydatogota. 

We coiHad parents on a 
peroral basis - ow advice is 
free and objective. 

Truman & Knigktley 

Wit aui TELEPHONE: 01-70 

izo mat zRuxrwsn 



Requires leariaerfs) 
for September to 
teach Classics/English 
to C.E. and P.S.S. lev- 
els. Tel: Esher 62737 



aa saw m msarr and 


Located near Ealing 

Wrkwmno children at 
S*> Syrs 

Opening noun 8.*5-I230 
Bre nh to 
mm SS7 2717 
PH M2 -409* 

liuuon .for O and 4 tovel 
English Com p etit i ve rors ox- 

741 4296 



The Curatore of foe Library invite applications 
for foe following posts: 

Dep artmen t of Western Manuscr ipts 
Following ihe election of Mr D G Valsey for- 
merly Keeper of Western Manuscripts, to the 
post of Bodley's Librarian, a well-qualified and 
experienced scholar is sought for the post of 
(Suti-Ubrarian, £ 1 6.330 x 6 - £20,495) with full 
responsibility for the management and direction 
of the Department. 

De partmen t of Printed Books 
As a consequence of foe need to press ahead 
with the introduction of a fully automated cata- 
logue, a well qualified cataloguer with 
experience of the use erf computers is required 
for foe new post of: 

(Grade III. £14.870 x 7 - £18^25) with respon- 
sibility for the management of the library's 
automated and manual cataloguing processes. 
Further particulars of both posts may be ob- 
tained from the Secretary of foe Library. 
Bodleian library, Oxford OX1 3BG, to whom 
completed application hums with the names of 
three referees should be retnrned by Monday, 2 
June 19S6. 






Applications are invited from men and women 
for a Tutorial Fellowship in Applied Mathemat- 
ics (including Probability and Statistics), starting 
on 1st October 1986. or as soon thereafter as 
possible. The successful applicant will be ex- 
pected to teach up to 12 hours a week during 
Full Term. Salary will be on an age-related scale 
of £1 1,620 to £20,055. The appointment is tea- 
able with a non-stipendiary University 
Lecturership (CUF) which may at a later date 
(though with no commitment to do so) be con- 
verted into a stipendiary university post. 

Application forms and further particulars are 
obtainable from the President, Magdalen Col- 
lege, Oxford, 0X1 4AU. The doszqg date for 
applications is 23rd May 1986. 


Gifford Research 
Fellowship in Natural 
Theology and 

_ • fowled for a 
QOfort Beware* FeUOwtato 
in in* n«M of N*tm meal- 
OS» AM PHto&opAy lcc«Me la 
the Ummty of outgo- for 
•are Mr gntawy tent- 
meKtnq on ut Octoo-r 1996 
«n4 n any taw not aomr numn 
■M Begwtins of .tommy 


The Pel low wa Oe ct p ecfU 
lo mugt in rulMnwr mmai 
M «|M ocuaonal lecture*, 
winch will oe open to the 

The value of (he FenowVWp 
win he wUMn the Range 1A 
Scale for ffcsearcn Mid Analo- 
gous Staff currently i£B 090- 
£12.7801. . - 

further oarncutan (nay be 
o MJmc d horn the CJert of 
Senate, Untcerwty of «*► 
gow. Glasgow, Q12 8QQ- lo 
whom amnhm <6 com) 
MHHM * eurrKumm vitae 
aim (he names of two referees 
should be sent if poeelMe by 
tom May and not later then 
Mth May 1966. 

The Use of 
Automatic Control 

Al gorithms 

to Define 
Urban Traffic 

AnocMimaR kMNd&ra 
one year SERC funded SEr 

ASStSTAKTSMP in ihe Ad- 
vanced vehicle and Traffic 
SMterat Croup tn nr School 
of E n d u i mmm and Applied 
Science to eeandoe me r ' 

toOty of 





Boys with musical ability 
who arc aged between 7 Vi 
and 9% wQI be digbte to 
enter the next Voice 
Trial on Wednesday. 4th 
June 1986. As boarders 
the Abbey Choir 

School GAPS) successful 
candidates win be given 
a full preparatory school 
education. Present fees, 
£320 par term inclusive. 

Write (stating date of 
boy's binh) for 
prospectus and 

application form vx 

The Headmaster, 

. Room CL 
Wes tmi ns te r Abbey 
Cboir School. 
Dean's Yard. . 
SW1P 3NY. 



t** dmnd «x mo vaoatf man or nomi daopoow m trie pfcafcvraor w 
■wraatAQ »ta»de«Baaaumewi9re *0*0™ »rtn»xiir 
nwr be fan at bqw by a wp atead conxe vx^K a iwwn i . Mhnud 
tq U vdcbcof Imnog You mo mrea k> «nw MMIm booUK fw 

The Saaefwy O' *• School of ra *o m» 

ftelhoM m a w a Tff) 

i too# sum p» hroj «m mm bus 


Hof Florence™ 

ink you to sssly in FVnnca WM 

after tahan Uoguage enra*. carad 

(i (w fiorertna fespttro M 
fawKinz. Pam and wser Ml 
wmj and GCE X Level mzfcna ad 

tew' tnd An HoUf SofenW Wyaw 

snd Itsiofjc pnratfl cental Flat' 

we acumrasm manual, 
’rospeflus hunt 

barid Run**. The Orector. 

feuDganw C m.cimun a 

ftetote 39 55 28«B1. 

UK SWOTS Secretarial CN 
Ire-. 29 24 Quoenshwrv Place. 
London sw; 2ZXs Pitmc -nh 
or telephone lor ymmuis Ol- 
£89 8saa or ot-sas asai 

ACTWS eowata 9 day. 2-nay. 
and 8 day MM lo Annuel 
Ttwaue m Ktew often. 7ef ot- 

ST. ensrors Ooaw- London 
6*CTrtariaf. Busmen and lai- 
ouaoe CouneY. wort pro m aer 
Trammo. CngWi far Overseas 
StUdmfe Re^oeM and Day Stu- 
dents. The Dewtrar HU. 2 
ArVwrtgw Road. Ltoiddd NWS 
BAD T«- 01-455 «S931- 

LAMMIAM Secret anal Cortege. 
Id Ounrann Sheet. Part, Lane. 
LnMonWtVm Please write 
or Mktmnt for omiocctin . 
Tel. 01-u» 2904. . 

IN 1986? 

GQtr II Y level? Apo*r*>9 



yOWSTHC THU ta mutt 
pt far expert maMamrtwd' 
gaifoo. hu faadm: 



tO B e wtai Plare.wt 
«935M52(24M . 

(radriionBl UMvemty oners 
dt qre i i . to muKarcer uduHa 
oier 20 . entirely at home aid 
with credits, for We, - c ar ter 
nseiHicT ptosikcUd from 
Dew- VI Nert Oibtgn 4< Cb. Sud- 
bury. SulfUfc. COlO QEQ 
B LAW AM MT Menstur Courses 
at Ekmemary and AdvancM 
Levati swnoo I2tn May. 4 
wrens. 5 -nouth dally, feet 
Sj&jQO. ■ Abe courses to Or- 
. many. Goethe insims, _ftO. 
Princes Cam. London SUTTTol 
01-S81 5S44/T. 

Range IA wm UBS. 
AeotKaUom ‘ <3 co^ato mm- 

tog Dm referees dwtald be 

sent tv Id May 1386 la (he 

nee. South Rom. 

DM1 Jl£ from whom ftnthm- 

Phrhcuiars may be obtained. 




bOMdOcloral SENIOR RE- 
a wta'owtBiM e»- 

Cerenkov MM technique to 
gamma ray aetronoew about 
to debtor a new l eiei ccgo in 
the Southern lhj ntephere. 
P w w ai of work away from 
Durham wtd be tnvotwed. 
Meim win be am to 
apebcantfr wtlb previous «- 

The a p po in tment w» rorn- 

taent* on or bet ore 1 October 

1986 and be for a period of m 

id three years, laewt -notary 

wUI be tn the range of SSjOZO 

-C9XXO on scale IA. • •• 

AnpWc a doo s a cwwnwif 

toe three' referees shaald be 

you ay « May lose- u> am 

no. South Road. Durham 
DMl jli. from whom furthor 
oartmtars may be abumed 





ArtMeehms are Melted from 
yMiaiK wtm admimtrattve 
n w n m o for the Above hod 

available immediately 

Thebenon aoootoied wUI In 
the nm Instance be resooiat- 
me for the moon of the office 
which tu o uUTkih a Ihe 
uwremty*r aetmaes ourr- 
seds mrtt«miB~ ihe 
ro md tn a n and piacwrteM of 
studenb from overseas: the 
orgonisauan of rdobdion 

and nans abrted; aM uw de- 
vetopment of Onta with . 
oawdl govennpaits and 

Salaiy o« me Grade II Range 
for AdmntMrative Staff ' 
ictzzna - CIO.7O0I (onder re- 
view-k o cc ort to y » ape. 
ouaMcdQBM and auertence. 

Fortner pankvfm nay be 
obtained froth and uwaw M 
iWWiwts sew to the Begrr 
tree, me UimmSy. Leas* 
153 RJT. ggottw refseonce 
number xtO 48 Oadogdale 
aorsaoUraUana 1 6 May 1966. 

Prouttod for three yearn front StOfembrr Idas AbPdcanei should 
be gMuath with experience ootsule education and apotiaM for 
career guidance with students of Arts and Social studies, ose of 
Com p o t e ion information ayslrmr. and umaa w ah nnidtuetr 
and a ca de m ic staff. 

Salary LT.OSaCS.OZQ on Athwnisb-nCfw (A Scale fC7.0SS- 
Cl 2.7801 Further particulars and appuraooo f o rms av O at b e 
from me CatabtufuncM Office. J Quoting reference L265JAL Lrd- 
verstty Motor: Bifftta. laoemame LAI 4YW. HIMS RaMtaf 
(five tapirs) natnuig three ttft t so Muid be sam to acme NOT 




(Fixed terra - 3 yore). 

To caatritotfSr chiefly to 
iradcfgradimc teaching in 
the teeesl economic 1 m- 
toiy of the UK. mamfs 
altar 1<MS. An ability to 
teach lint and second year 
micro aod to a oocconow- 
ks is abo expected and an 
interest «_onc of the de- 
praimenu main areas of 
spccalisaiion. (Money. 

ha idling miinctr ial 2nd 

managerial commuQt 
wouM Ik an advantage. 

Sdary. £8020- £15.700 (xa. 


Dbft) for deiarts 
cations form ta 
SfrdCoft Oflkc. 

irwxsr. po Box 6K 

Cardiff <71 3XA. 

Ctosojf date 23td May 



(Rod term - 3 Tear*). 

To Udl «■ [[■* | 

bcha v iuin at both oadcr- 
gtadnxte lefeL partieidarty 

wDT Stttd6U5 pt 

and the diploma in buss- 

Safer £382*- £15-780 m 

Requests (quoting ref D6S) 
for detad* nd appticaxkm 
fen see • 

Sta ffing Office, 

PO Box 68, 

CtnUff CFl 3XA. 

using Ade 23fd 
May 1986. '■ 

tiWV E?smf< y 
Oa part — 1 * «f Em lIttw 




a0 P em>ml a «wcs»ntii reconJcf 

Please quote reference . ■ 

School of AgrieoHwo 

(Uni>wity bcpafwicn*. of Agyreultorc u» 
assoaauoo . „ .- 

wifo the Nonh of Scotland CoBege oi 



OF AG 8 ICW.W ■ 

Applications are footed for the Sw*J® n *' 
pSSyce Chair of Agricttluwc. I n agg g" » 
hem/ Head rf the Umvcrsi^ Depanracttt or 
Agwihnre. the hoMer <rf foeChair 

opal of the Nona OI awnano vaww ■- 
A^ultuw: foe Dep«tniemrod 
yfdSnex fbrrn the Ahenfeea School of Agriculture. 
Further particulars and application fornis fro® 
The Seamrv. The Um^ersity, Rueat ViaUc. 
Aberdeen AB9 !FX «i* .Jw . 
copies) should be lodged bj 4 June 1986. (Rrf 
No EL/026) .. 


Depanneat of 
■ Botany 




vrer prMSDganipcm 

bon m mb 1XC .MnM 

camaremw itwrab pwy» 

with mr L n n rt-ate 

oh. Bra 


tact and BMitoom nontaM* 
radon Add thrir ia»h frw 

a ptOn miawa at hpA Ex- 

pmaw with i if ataii ire 

ONA “ 

wooto twreo adiraU B r craita 

Moai snarv SsoStO - BMW 
pet oimaa UHH Wt 
I A pM> toyrtawnUMH. 

m threw tfi g t r- a n a ot a fa 


RHMiir. Sow ..I fagra 

ran SUE. townfrmthMr 

. pmrxxobtn m*a bb oU Mi ~ 


fa nr J U P M» 8* 

.toss® 4gx3Bt aocwnra •_ 

■ A 

wticawi tow fa B fa nra re 

• 'foh'- 

OUm WW mm am ■ I’W MIW ; 

UbpoW Ubbt»*ff, 


o n — jut pot of EPfTQRi- 

ASSWTAWT to bofa ocodap*- 
ir office ' frden nfufa. 
r m ae w la th* UJC wWi e>»- 

ro ofaw at ra—fad war*. 

Accuracy.' nwtore and rhor- 


tan nw *7X*s ■ 

uombm. prua sijff la. 

Bowwcr dung 

i q oM d l C QIIMn lt d 


-front ' Ptnowid Office. 
ACIL 36 GtnMB Sqnbre. 

Lqndaa WCLH OPF io whom 

awmcMiwa must M Hrt by 

29 May 1986. 


Faculty of Law 

r Unman for a 
a fatoa VOT TDtPORARV 

1st Aware 1986 oral aooa oa 
poaaMo nwro a flrr . gtqttio 
salary wffl jamdf fa ivfth- 
to thv reap? OWJ20 to £9380 
par ann u m on the icdmaMp 
scale which rnea to Cld.700 
per anmsn. 

Farther partteuian ahouM ba 
nfa a tn a d from tna n ap iitmi 
and Secretary: Uolvarmy of 
BnatoL Senaio Houm. finaMi 
BSS VTH. to whoa ap W iCJ- 
.twtni ihouM fa am by jam . 
May. Plnae ouota nWmM 

. university 


- IN 



caaoro ,12 -fad* IWfa-'. 


AlrtHICbUM for ore port. 

.-.whoi n 1 rojwe irtiRM 

or ire fa 12 iMbafraa m 

C aowafar 1986 or pa soon w 

from 1 

r .wtm 


Hi® wort doaasy 
wun 1 tambin. of the 
FbcoRif's acadBOK- staff fa 

faffwm rw or nmm t w - 


Law. There mw br.opporiu- 


on I b wi nt i F ell ow IA scale 

£8-020 . S4 2-780 a yaw PWa 


Further parttertarsform from 

ow AKutM Rnwnc nro. 

ty of LAW. Unmar or 

Bfrtmhonam. PQ Boot 368. 

Burnotoham BIO ZTt. lo 
wnofii aanoMod repUcatlans 

ShotPd fa retnmed By I9tn 

May 1986. . 

Ao Eoai o p c o tt inito w 






T»w Sana!* tpvttp Mteaffani 

. Mr th* above Ctuir Tna per- 

son aopo mte d wtn bo a 


too L anp y reaadCaHuroaof 

the Emt ana p ure have 

and reward! eapertence in 

^otne Md «r Japanese rtud- 

lea. fa addttlon lo the many to 

mac*. m* tnodern and rrtmt 

Cbl fenouape at iff levels. 


1 h i ad WKK 

- m-ma.aaaoa Ofa- AMas 

tyres dfr ca ai a i i showo be 

.18UOT ts.» Tew t**es' 
; intias iTL luuvursKy at Lon- 

Hi »fa ¥ SdJyttr 

receipt of 
tar 1986 


Cease fo Corporate 
Strategy and Change 







Managing Change 
in the NHS 

■e HvM for 
Ihe posts of P rom p t 
n xw rtv Fartow and Senior 
Researcti Teftow on a throe- 
yoar study • of me 
fltahabrtheai orctunpe at tha 
dmsci Ant u mr nms TPe 
rese ar c h has fare raunrsd oy 
Ihe MabONl Health Stmt 
TraiiHta Auhonty and efanf 
of the • founere rroMiuf 
health atuhnrkiai In r -n~~* 
and wasps. 

The research wtn exatmos 
the proc ure s 00011011 anfa 
the oap between itiamau 
imrei - and - opemusta* 
tofateromMffloti Mb Dron sue 

cesrtudy dosed ta ton atstrtci 

nenrai awbonitas. The protoa 

■wia offer an opportuiiHy for 
emplncai work. c —BWW I 

deveumreL red action re- 

search faaaPst choiioe hr me 

National Healoi Service 

— — _ tio ninfui 

faoajdfa stfonwre STS 
Tfaffwrs'seaMn it*, unroar- 

fajf LOtodOB. MOM street. 

LfaMfon. WCte 7HIL from 

'fatal farmer particular** 
sboultf «n«r fa obtained. 

Tfa cfaabip data for receipt of 

The Senate Invite appUcattons 

for the abo ve fre od era nfa. Th- 

PMwirewviuaRoredi la hoped to ni 

me gatim 1 October 1986. 

AppucatMos no coMesi 
should he submitted io the 

Teaefwes' Sereon m. (Jniver. 

soy of Landoi>. .Ma*et Street. 
Lonbatr WCtE THU^fran.- 
whom. (Wthre parflMars 
should first NfataDM. 

The ctoabip oafa fur racedn of 

-apMcanaopJi 6 June .1986, 


Appikattocs arc invited for a 




- Preference riD be *j*« tocan£- 
d»« wiffc ament a compeier 

hafftewe. coamuriarami qv. 

tents or tdstca . ateas. Satire 
faiiM tec prafttamf facie. 

ApphcsMos’ in typesmpt with 
the rwnes.of itatr icfcta 

ihoukl besem by 2SMn 1986 

re Ofliwr. 

. _ Jiversiiy. Cotege Gate, si 
Andrews. Fife. KT 1ft «AJ. from 
•Whom further jsfffetidra may br 

department of 


. Lectareship in 
Drog Discover^ 
Dosage Form 

are fayietl ftbm 
722255 Bi t’hdnnicy. 
Ci*m§*rsr or chr BxHooiGaj 
W lor flap Dontiqn of 
Lagfaer fa Pharog g,” 
hsnree . tacrarmn. m 
research tn Die nod of Drua 
Pucreer y tajed lnnai CheunZ 
inii oe Oosaoe.fhnit Don 
Whamactompi) . 
ajwt far resr re and boaum-. 
wrai wpmnKf wonttf fa 
“fofafart re »rvfaS3t. 
Further perUaspi re anall- 
ftafof* foniMirradSe foSJ, 
05 SA>« 

5*^-. - ■ U favresrtii Of 

DWyeroty Part, 
""twwttani NG7 iRn. OOR- 
date as May. 


studies tb^able 






Tfact OOiigita^far' 


hdtofuui won awns ana ro- 
sresch ekpartenoe In 
faWBWMJooal Oehavtour and 

development, personnel- man. 

*P*«em and management 

development are frrvKed to ap- 

pw The person reponded m 

ra» -Pun ctual RCB«orrh 
JMowirap fdealty snotUd 
bare up* experience m con- 

ducfai« action reaoarch. or 

tin* nan relevant 

exaermaern m ao tnttrnal fa 

•mereat conauuwo and nave 

eonouejed uomu wnaarrti 

In a relevant are*. 

The ttanmg dale , tor both 

fares w October 1st 1986. or 

as soon as ptnMbla thereafter. 

For the Prtneipaf Research 
Fauow post, fa* rnniai saury 

“iHho op fa L17MIO per 

Biiuuin on toe Research 
Range m scatr £Uk8TO - 
JIMi B fa ano taa. For the 

omw Rotiitti Fatfaw poo 

«»ry wts bottpio 

£33300 per annum on the 
greteeff scale. £11.790 - 
reman. Those 

ancouraaeo lonmid Profrre- 

WAhdtjw p^jrew. Th* 

— — - — «« ear 

Uorree stracepy and van 

Telephone Q20S423918 

ApPMcreon forms and lurBwr 

particulars from Ihe (teres. 

Oar. Itfliterfay of Wasrwfclt. 

Coventry CV4 7 AL quoing 

rffWlM Aion)ure 

^ ■J OQMna awe for 
jww fafaipncanom i6(h 

Unricrstyof Ou&fefegf 






-^pUcairois invited for *e 
abowt Qaartattich ^ Qfrre 
racara, . - . ... 

rrefeenuf wr8 tie givm 

Ap^kabOc i',Q cgqte 


toer ufarmntoa. msv ' tie 

»nd O^c. The QM 
rCHUtot^e, CB2 
ITT. Names of nq nferoeS 
may be«t*Bii|«iifd5SS 

Ctosmg daie: jg itm-Ofr 





tfe ahtod ii«B<ra >mi a raranp 

mriff fry ite i g Wfe OT.* 

nauna tat jaSnaffrate fe 
Qffwrara raorfoi 

assmo 4 a* w » p**h- 

tearame SanWrsjnar ,!«■ 
UfaffW Sferffttt Sift 21K M 

retar nura ffwfo M ta 

rand m. S3 fey im Onfe tat 




V-poLrncAL, . 

^ . SCIENCE 'r 

■ . tenable . 

. . ' . AT THE 
r : SCIENCE •• 

v i 

SreTv ^ 

i . 

WC1C 7HU. from WtWH tlb- 
..gwrpfatctiMruMUM nm at 

: ’*j 

3 ER: 


. i * • r- 



M -n. 

N,‘“ " 



+ 1 

r : 




_ .04AWTY commission 

•ggaawa sanjis 

conw <n umm 

<«Wiel from 
mm M: 266380 A.'2u» at St 
AwtnV Hhw, gthi 
H gwMrttt London swi y 

®J 0 nwMoaa may 
br wn l Wttxra wlnin m month 
ntMn today. 

SES^."”" wSTB 

TboChartty Cb wiumu whmw 
mode a Schema (or ass amy. 
OWg <w qt OMttscd from Item 
ft St Atoms Hoorn 8740 
Hayirortst (nor. 222905- A 2 -i_a . 

legal notices 


OF JUSTICE, doted KXh On or 
January 1906. Mr STEPHEN D. 

wa&F. hMbtenapMtDtadLia- 

uldatar or the above-named 
Company wMwis a Commtttaa nr 

Dated mia 2i« day or 

JANUARY 1906. 

Chanty - The East cnntead Re- 
search TtWt 

The Chanty Cqro mfagtun era pro- 
pose to roam a Scheme ter tins 
charity wmcti wtu vary Its ob- 
lects- Contes of the draft Scheme 
may be obtained From them tnaf. 
2Set54-A.ll at SI ARwi'B 
Houle. 57 -do Haymarkat. Lon- 
don swi y 4QX. ObteCtHHIS and 
suaO Mil o w may be sant to them 
wnron one month from today. 

LIMITED By Order of the HKJH 
COURT dated Hie asm day or 
January 1906 Mr ft Suadnttnf. 
.F CA.of Shrifey House- 9 Noble 
Street London. KC2V TOO- has 
been appototed UquMMor of the 
above-named Company with a 
Committee of toSMcOen. 

Dated ads 18th day of Asm 


HR A MBS W ASSET would tike 
to thank all me Stair ax me De- 
Uvery Uxrit and Port Natal Una 
of SL Oeorge 1 * Hospital, for me 
kind attention at the birth of 
mar con. Chrtetootier. 


WANTED Agent or Cattery ko rra»- 
reaent housebound astlsL OH or 
canvas. Good potential A com- 
nusston. Not i m a mw or 
, Ol 948 1198. 


Together we cad beat it 

We fund owr one third of 
all research into the preven- 
tion and cure of cancer in 
the UK - 

Help us by sendings dona- 
tion or make a k-gacyio 


2 Carlton HtHiwTerrjrrT 
tDeptVOU* t London S W/Y SAJI I 


NAPPY BU m U MIY Fred ftorrf- 
son ’tram Ntgal. C hito t lu e . 
Daphne. Tort. KHV- 
Hannatm. Ma lcol m . Maureen. 
Brian and Otm -■ yon have 
made 8 to Uw nationaL 

RUGH AH our love on your 27th 


. day. Hava a ureal day. Law 
and beat “dshw Marpni and 


CURMt Beimett-Hugtwo at Holy 
TnnUy Chefeea on SWi April 
two. Piers to Roaatean: now 
The Reverend Piers and toi 
Cumr. Westward House. Hod. 



nnmiw.iqww MtoTtape. 
• AH was. areas. D>M». Dent 
10161 23 AMnodoa Road. Lon- 
don wa. Hsu 01-956 toil. 

meaner . Jennari. 144 Nc« 
Bond SL Wl. 01-629 9634. 
Cornua ns ror indtvtowal 

BREAKAWAY. London's CUto lor 
praresBumai onattaaturt people 
25-43. tufa laprSAbrs 997 7994 

YOUR tKNE FUM converted to 
video tap*. Any ape. Datum 
Movino Movies Oi*MO 9129. 

HEART <a KAirr. Todays way 

ot w m i na Gooflaenate buro- 

duettom IhrOuphMM UK tor 
CompanloTWhlp. Friendship. 
Marriage- Heart to Heart. 32 
London Rd. Twickenham. 
Mhkb 01-892 2061. 

W* Offer W 16 g24hr Personal 
Seciaity Swvtoe tor awnta and 
■hdr property- For further da- 
ubs ring 0378 66435 1*1004 

for staff or amnuRs Any to- 
catlOll. Td 0734 672722 

written and produced 
curriculum vttae documents. 
XMribK 01-600 2969- 

YOUIl | 

video tape. Any t 
Moving Movies Ot-; 


I 9190. 


US lawyer ITBuMradt Si Lon- 
don Wl 01 486 0813 


WBHBUDON baoenture seals 
wanted for prtvaw companies. 
Too prices paid. Ol 228 0423. 

ARCHITECT, 30 N/S. M. seeks 
O R m im or btdrn. up m 
fsojtw cents Lead. T« 228 
6645 (Wl - Alton 

... European 

Grand Prtx Box wanted tar pri- 
vate company- Out Louis oa Ol- 

623 0931. 

Desks. Boettease etc A Pre 1940 
furniture. Tel: 01-680 0148 m 
01-228-2716 day or nlgM. 

WANTED 2 bed s/c flaUn NW.W 
London for 2 prof n/» females, 
bee May. Max EUODOuw con- 
tact 01-9368121 C9d *14 

wentod.for private home moon 
tat: 01-435 9170 


wantedJnctndlno debentures. 
Ben mite POM. 01 229 0B37. 

lots or debs. Top prtces paid. 
Obuinabies. Ol 839 1888. 

RUHR I mow TICKETS required 
Ol 92B I77B. 

EfHBBlITIIMI aiillll 

not lor resale. TeL- 01 -930 4536 


F wurlnes. annuls, etc., want- 
ad 01 883 0024. 



BLUIIBBUI madlam star grand 
1936 malKHPUUf caM brtohl fin- 
ish. Fulty recondHtoneo and 
repoUsbed 1971 mi BMtmer. in 
Ocebant condilton £47fto nr 
bat after tte Mr Htradi 01- 351 

— i c usto m Bounaat crams. 

1933. ebony, wtth Wool, ewel- 
C4JS00 or beet 


protottond valuation E 1.730 
TetOl-467 5610 (eves/wends) 


London's leading specnnst m 
new and restored stance tor toe 
tomcat genuine selection ava8- 
abte. 30a HMhoaM Rd. NWS. 
01-267 7671. Flee cat alogue. 

1791 by 
Hugh Ruwu. Mahogany case. 
4 nope. axes S ent roadman for 
daubs A photo ad 093782 288 


and recondHIoaed. Quality at 
reasonable prices. 326 Bttghton 
- Rd.. 5. Croydon. 01-688 361* 


Martin*)- N63 eenslbte offerv 
TeLOfiSO 291996 Kent 


UKCR LE comm genla 
watch. 18 a w/gou. Eiaoo 
ono 1(1 01-6098829 or ear 
phone (0060)350160 


douMe bed Chetoea flat w«, ga- 
rage to tUte-mindsd tor tfwtr 
wxatoonai London btna. Reply 
to BOX B61 . 

BAYEWATEB. urge, ouml one 
bsdreanicd nu for 3 month ml 
fiisopw Tel 01-727 3947 

central London from CDS p* 
Ring Town Hu Apts 37* 3433 

KMsmmoa Cot TV 24br swM. 
the. Cnbuighun Apts 5736306. 

SWI f Charming house 2 bed. 
garden. Private nwtdng 6 
rnths. £160 gw. 01-223 2703 


to sbore Bcmpffui cottage wnh 
auoeiL Own r oom. £80 p.w. 

inctuatv*. Tel: 01-221-5644 

PUTNEY M/F. dMe bed im in lux 
house, dose an amentoes. £45 
pwexeLTeLOl 870 0407 after 
6*0 pm or 01 362 0239 Ml 




Mfcandm Dortognt Ties, de- 
sign labnl onhr £855 per sc yd 
+ VAT Wool mtr Baber otm&s 
4m MdR Heraan backed S4® 
gar eg yd + VAT. WWa stocks 

207 Havorgtocfc HI 
Hampstead NW3 

Tel: Of-794 0139 

Free ettonateaCsiert fining 

Bizet Doing Nothing? 
Writing the Chopfo Uszt 
Be sure to include Martuon - * 
Our Prices can't be missed 
(Boy tv Hiro tram only £16 pm) 


Albaiy StraeL NWt. 

01 935 8682 
Annoy puce. SE18 
01 854 4517 


W.2 SntaHrmEAOpwfnef Loerm 
£89 pw loci tn luxury her. quiet 
square nr tub*. 01-387 1699. 


We liav* rtrtwts tor dm and afl 
theatre and spoils. Teh 631 
3719. 657 1715. Ab motor 
credit cardi. 

carving A French poluanng 
demnn to rettona. Bank Hobday 
Monday. May 5Ui at our 
Netttebed Showrooms. High 
Street- Nnttebed. Nr. Henley- 
on- Thatnes. Oxou. 10491) 

12 IF wide wwon carpets re- 
duced from £22 per oq yd to 
£9.00 to yd. Chancery Canwts- 
97/99 derkenweil Rd. London 
ECT. Ol 405 0463. 

0333 ext 254. Eve 486 6253. 

BBmBMYIIUE ? Otv* tomeone 
an orivnal Tbnes Newspaper 
dated -the very day they wet* 
born. 01-486 6305 or 0*92- 

We have tKVats tor these andau 

Mm and (ports. Tet esi 
3719. 637 1715. All poke 
credit cards 

Starlight -Exp. Chew Lcs Mfs 
AU theatre and worts. 

Tet 8216616/8280498. 

A-Ex / Vlao < Dtnan. 

pm an. Highest mmDIy. 

Varied stew. Looki ng for gulch 
nle. tnorcbounw 49873. 

CMtte tongue . 
Chrome & b lack leather. £3TS. 
Tel 01-373 6490. Kanatnoton. 


Anpot n tme n ts 



water -mill wneei. 12 n aame- 
ter. 9967 440 (after A pm) 


Bought and Sam TttepMw 
01-930 0277. 

etc. Can you buy ciMUpeiT B& 
S Ltd. 01 289 19*7/8468 

1986 For Sale. Telephone 01- 

BATTERSEA. Untoie Qanka. 
C«y travel owr ntver. Prof F 
30 s own room m ouw bwr- 
okm MOCk flat. £30 pw «a 
■Omcei 01 430 8462 lEvesf Ol 
622 2650- 


flat with Prof/m bitmediately. 
O/bath. Qf. £180 pan <Mi o 
deg Tel: 5886464 X 2419 CW) 
736-1678 (bl. 

MARIA VALE, Rtcand person to 
tturo luxury fUL Own room, 
awn HUtrooRt. £70 gw na 
Yd Gtseto. (Office) 493 6000: 
(Heme) 2S6 1700. 

WIMBLEDON Large newly he. 
GCR bedsit m kweiy family 
home. Own cook tat. share 
bath dose exnrttent trans £40 
pw tori- 946-6807 1 ev« «. 

f.O/R. in 

flat ctese to tubs N/S. £1SD 
ox.m. exetudvo. 244 wes af- 
ter 600 OJU. 

FLATMATES Selective Ghartng. 
wou estab Introductory voice 
PUe Ml for an*. 01*89 5491. 
313 Brampton Road. SW3 

MIS prof f -m. to me flat- wttii f 
Immediately, o/r in lew fin. 
£30pw exclusive MOs Tel: 01- 
225 3057 or 01-302 4904. 

NWS. Own room tn new m Mr. 
rh. IB nun centre A city, 
(hertz long let- £53 nwind- Tel: 
01-202 250* oner 12 pm- 

ning garden flat Own sunny 
room. Nr tranaporz. Cteanar. 
£160 pun. TeL 01- B74-4I96 

share kit and bath £40 p w. tn- 
duhV*. TeLOl 622 3629 

Edwardian hse. 
prod, sunny room. n/a. nr lube. 
£32pw nd. 743 1778 eves. 

77. M/F. 
N-S. CamtorUHe flaL Ige on. 
£66 pw InCL TMr OI-9ST 1969 

FIMSA-FLAT (Snaring /Rental) 
hom e owners no fee. *6 Kings 
Rd. SW3 01-584 8012 

FULHAM. F 23+. Share house, 
garden. Own room. £L90om- 
tod. 01-736 6457 evy. 

_ o/r to 
lux MrsuH prof m. £60.00 pw 
me. 01-4360742 

SNiperocBT _ 

(am hse £50 per woah bid Tel: 
Ol 359 6634. am and ah 6. 

H LP tC TOW Small quirt bed* tn 
MmUy bouse. CH. BAB. 
£96. pw. TeL 014907-4457 

MARYLEBOHC Sreier flat M/F. 
O/R. N/S. pref. £67 inrt. pw. 
TeL 724 2652 

3RD PERSON to Star luxury 
bouse to Qdswtck. £60 pw. 
Tel. 01 994 3596 After 6-*o pm 

SHEPHEROS BUSH 2nd pen. 28 
* to oure lux IUL o/r. £150 
pm avl now Tel: 740 6*02 

in Sunny flaL Nr. Tttoe/Buaes. 
£45pw Ind. 01 602 9216 eves. 

ST JOHNS HOOD O/r, Suit pn> 
fetolooal person. £66 P.w. 
Inclusive Tel: Ol 723 3714 

IT JOHNS WOOD, prof M/F 2lf. 
O/R. SRtokrt- pref. £160 pent 
end. TeL 586 1684 tevee). 

ST JOHNS WOOD Piemen! rm. 
tor aid'd N/a. CH. £200 D.CJB. 
IndUStve. TeL286 7972 

SWU. Prof M/F. N'S to share 
luxury bourn. O/R. £166 pem 

■ mcL Tel:- OI 228 4173 eves 

H N. Dehgntftif double bed gar- 
den flaL Puridng. dose tube 
Cf2&pMf'Ot>434 1031 ext 209 

swi l'fi Bed sittina rm In wan 
furnished shared flaL Nr city 
Hue. £46 pw enl. Ol 485 2966. 

ITU -Uto Orr m lux Rat Mr 
BR LT ror proTn/s M/I. £190 
p.mex. 643 J82i aner 230 

22* *1 'S. O/R. dose BR. 
£35wk IncLPh 689 2027 (eveal 

m. Supert Swore. Prof M/F. 
N/S. own dble rm. bath emuM 
tn tux flat. £80 pw. 262 1573. 

SB. DMe rm P bath to ipe CH flat 
E7A0W. 996 1441 X5011 • 221 
7330 eve 


Part-time interviewers required to 
work at either Heathrow or Gatwick 

Applicants should be available on a. 
regular basis and wilt be expected to 
work flexible hours tor which 
generous rates of pay and 
allowances are offered. 

if you have previous relevant 
experience and enjoy meeting people, 
for further details please call: 

David Field or Simon Moseley 
on Crawley (0293) 595005 

PURIlto needed to week in an 
o matin g hew development of 
luxury (Ml Verted ware. 40 
hour week, (bpbctub mud 
have UK driving licence. Can 
SaUv CoWib now 01-727 Ml 1 
or ongty tn writing to 77 Palace 
Court. Lond on W2 4JE. 
uB-cnmut <rart4maai tor 
London Property A Gooabto 
Mngoane required. 01-821 




- Earnings depends on 
Based tn our London otnea im- 
mediate surL Coll Mite- 
Turn DuH on 01-528 1693 


Leaver • Graduate tor tratnlng 
pool Otv Bank- Tel Ol *04 


AU FAIRS and moUKre betas re- 
quired tor ovaraem ports. 
Helpmates emptoyttM&i agency 
Ol 874 4161. 


57 Reprai StmtlmM Wl. 
Tet 439 6S34.UK/OvnMS. 
Also mJtMfm'dome tamp/perm 



Experienced and pre fLtel on x l 
person leu ul red to provide 

valeting tawes tor active 
btEfiKSoman wtth (porting 
tnwrerts. Some buttermg and 
ehau ff c wfn p. win *e part of 
an eetobUBlied comptement of 

Travel m the UK and abroad. 
InctudJnp Amerk*. 

Hard work and loyally wtu 
be expected In return tor 
competitive salary- 

Modenused ac c ommodatl o g- 
and wormed benefits. 
Apply in coofldonoe vrtui tun 
deans and ph o to ya ph If ***- 
stole, to Box B39 The Times. 
Vlndote Street London El 



Nanoten urgomty reoidrcd tor 

Engltto (peaking families- Sato- 

rtes from £ 60 - £100 weekly. 

Fiy Slaflf CooMAtonH AMershat 

Tel: 0252 316369 

fBANBmCOOHS required to Win 

expanding Company to work U 

our btoy kitchen preparing food 
tor our sham. paw. buflWs 
etc Saury C6JHW pa. * over- 
bine. Please ring 1 
James on 01-627 2770 

AU MUR reootred immediately 
for Germany. 6 months mini- 
mum- Hetpmrtas Erapkarroent 
Agency. 01-874 4161 




Newly modernised aemf- 
drtoriwq house. * beds, t 
baths (t rn suite with 
MctBri). dining room. Lae 
Neff ktlchen A OtUHV no. 
Own partdng mace*, 
attractive 4 o - paved gantea. 
Seif contained ba se ment Bat 
or office. CCH. 

£3*0X100 Freehold 



SouM-etor l e ddsnt id rood. u& 
•odin house. ReAriMshed - to 
leghest anted * RM cat* 
throughout 03 tecOp mts. 3ft 
batons. «d Master son. gusH 
tuts + 3rd bethrai Supeit) firten 
tn by SehanBv. Ooest ctem. *Oft 
lorscoirt rum tor 3 cats. 



Wksmd 01-540 3314 

Omen UorvFH O1-0M nn 


tnuwmnr HU, Twtoken- 
ham. 4 bed room. 2 bathroom, 
gch.funy furmtoerfiown house 
wttii garage In Fbrtnque .Park 
Estate., dose u amanXys, 
Strawberry HU mam Mae e ta, 
nan and local schools- £ 2 0000 
p/w. co m pany let availabie 
DOW. trt 01-8288600 rad 2454 


MB DORKMa Grand stable conv 
Lovely courtyard, doddoww 
•to. CCH. 4 bads. 2 baths. Cam 
ui Aga. GOES. * acres woods. 
Offers £210.000 0*06 712126 

— 11 FARM modern home, ex 
Knave outbuildings. 11 acres. 
Around £140/000 More land 
ouaUble. Phone 01660 95*9. 


CAST DEVON Omagra and 
houses or coast available for 
tong/ short less an year. From 
£300 pan.- Telephone Rental 
Servtcea Western 08847-327 

■MX BtBsrtcay 4 bed deL bae 
Km il sh ed orstn £4ggp cm . Rob- 
tnsan Jenktos 02774 *0866 


—ABBBLl A Lax. town house In 
puaM resuentui ana. Sun 
terrace wtth sea a mountain 
views. 3 dble ueduus. 
b a t h rm s . onto* storage space, 
ktlchen (idly eouiped. 
Hvtng/dtotng rm wtth log btars- 
tag rare place, recast area. Ms 
garden, orr street porktnD. Easy 
ac ces s to town centre and asne- 
ntOem. 3 swMMng pools In 
complex 6 tontoc aped gardens. 
Low outootngs. freehotd. 
£86X300.00 Contact owner di- 
rect am 01034 62772880. 

Sns SEE on naa mate 
You could nor toy > new 
Imported car n a mow rataMfl 
A srtw my. Guaranteed m> 
prices. Basal on the lowest 
cgntema kst poce + tea 

discount. Fa ’'il defatfs & to* 
itaflm ptee call or wta- 


W11 BMupc CHrt. 

OM UDy, LtoBM EC4M 7& 

01-W aZ5 « «JM «17 

ASTON AURTHfVt. 1980 Oscar 
India Metallic Blue with cream 
leather interior. auUMuac- 
£J 1 .750. Tel: Mr Leigh Ol -2S1- 
5732 daytime. 


June 1985. nutmeg 
mriaiUc. brown toaowr sport* 
seats. aU extras. 5.000 ratios 
only, as new. £27.96a Tn 
K pOWte 10*645) 70247. 

rORSCW 944 Turbo. btoriLdte 
livery mileage only. Mimedtoto 
tv*. Mlto 0884 821257. 
enoutfles only. 


1X22 HILLMAN In v.qd condition 
wtth dot pedigree. Cl 2-000 
ono. Atop CKroen Safari DS S3 
In camtiuon. M rag 
£2-000 Tel: 042* 61637* 



'Smote atm a to tonwr ton A 
Idatas tell bgMs. a/aretees A s/mf. 
ate. Tno ThJl att a/terte. MS; 
Jtxaaks. bto sen rteets - 7 me* ksr| 
Ionite A saL. iom bar. A ater aam. 
Co. car toms NOBUto ab 
£tX5teBI ate 

Tet BZ34 713306 

era ft wfc/esdx. 


Leather uptafstay. hsteBd 
seals, ar coKRtonrig etc-. 
FSH. ■nraaoAB condHton. 
prime s ale. 


0272 739 MS ' 

Uc blue. 1 owner. Otters 
bruited. Tel: 070* 373666 


Burnt 10 H U T H Carat 
rcd/maenoltaevorilrat roof. Ra- 
dknfxme. 11.800 miles. 
£3 9^00. Pram <049*811 5*71 


1*00 <Y). PAS. Elec windows. 
Air rood. Stereo. Venetian Rad. 
4 door. 40500 mts. £8-600. 
Tsl: 0245 361203 eves/wfcend 



a migmu 



T* Admtise phase oB 

Tate 01-461 1929 
Prime II* 481 4089 


CoBtraaed from me 25 









TEL: 01-481 1920 


01-481 9313 
TELEX 925088 



TEL: 01-481 4000 




To iuJwrtbie holiday for sale in The Time>> Ckuaified. 
fill in your advertisement in the spuee Mow iLmuer 
mexsauesenn he aiuiehed separately I. 

Rules arc: £4.1X1 per line lupprmimuiely Tour words, 
minimum ihrce lines) £2.1.011 per s.e.e. full disfiLw. Plus 
b"n VAT. 

Cheques lobe made payable to Times Newspapers Ltd. 

. Should you wish to puy hy Access i>r BarcbycanJ. please 
quote your number below. 

Send to Sfatrley Hnaolb. Group Classified Adverllse- 
meafMaaajsec Times New#papm Lid. Advertkement 
Department, P.O. Box 484. vksbrii Street. Loodoa 


Nume: _ 

Day rime Telephone: 

(Access i 



Lovar mw»w 
i HD aatt. D4CWV Man In na toe cater 

taxoto I uncmatM maaU bns stn mat. Dtewv Mm in na baa rater 
bractwa. Wa ten I wwtoW ktiMM of kUk A te NIL U on ten^r taatins 
may Irom a» ppwtb. AftoriaMa ulna b B goad cMM team 
MRROT HOUDAYS. Tri Skra^ p53) 48811 


The Algarve Alternative 

Villa Holidays of distinction 
for the very few . 

73 St James Street. London. SW J. 

Tel: 01-491 0802 

( Oir phenes lire manni/d. today 

Make 1986 the 
year you got 

Send for our *86 broclture 
- quieWy. We are the leating 
specialists in holiday vOas. 
They're afl carefuHy chosen 
for character and unspoiled 
surroundings^ cxi a beach or 
with pod. All in dude maid 
and (often) a cook WeflOW 
hdf our eflents return year 
afteryear. [And thais dv; 
best adiwtisemeTl youl 
read on this page! )CVTraveL 
DepLT43"ChevaI Place. 
London SW71E3L OrcaB 
—01-581 0851/ 
— *' “5848803.(24- 
hr. brochure 
service on 
Ot -589 01 32.) 
*«g - < aecu>« 



6.12.18th May I or 2 wfts. 
vutoa/HoWB/Aiaa Htnrw or 
Gatwick. pod WarW HolMays 
01 734 2*62 

Rteoun April /M ay Bnatea 
from Cl4S*o me. Tal Slrama 
0708 862814. 



France. + Tamil*. Wbxttuflna. 
Coff. Waning MW more Sd 
AMk 061 928 2737 


based hn 

raid* /6 6 14 day . 

iranvrt) to France. Btftitim. 

Hotiaral & ChMMi Mante m- 

ductq Brtcra „tor A*r u 4 May 

sort at r7e- Far brochure 


MtlSCY S rt f -ctog n a g c o rty 
1 Brochure: Freedom Hoftaays. 

Trinity. Jesaey' (0834) 60007. 


apartmemx. 2/6 peragm. 
Brochure 07*2 669066. 


LUXURY (HCW) Bmaeou to* 
305 >3301 6 berth- cu rator W in- 
derm**. AH coral 
Excepeai aaBUtg. Bare&oat or 
sUppared. (OZ74) 662*20. 


LAMQOAJJC itxrory lodge to sleep 
6 wit* ail uMnitm um of cMb 
house gym indoor pool etc. 
from 17th to 24th May 01 969 
8303 or 01 24 L 2891 


Mouse. 88 Groevenar Place. 
Uc C/heating. Nr Sea St 
airmen k- SB&EM from £45. 
Tel: (OS43I 221742. 


ot sail tr ai n l o g. aMPueied 
olusare. bareboat charter- Do- 
Mb& brochure from Rainbow 
Saumg 0792 8*0857. 

Marsh & Parsons 


e VUtareoflennK 


An rniasinaiiveiy designed bow i" Hiu»« -e 

reception room, wtlbdoorx wxcolJbicd axnTya^.doaWek*M 

tngfcbelrootns.'frwaern knSii^iain*roo«*ijdtteWJ»™ 
jupcrb ' rooC iktScc. TTns amoue bow u. avaiteMc 
nmnodiaicfj. ftjr a kmc Company at £*00 p.w- 

. . 01-221 3335 


A maty ratobrtiU frit floor M. 

. asset 

tango B mrs a * wl tore 

l? Plaza Estates 

reap. I 

tisBi y 

A Kteftn ot oraby 
sawswtad 1 bed lb.-. tsm 
. tot ml tnto. Fram £130 - 
tier. Igog Into 


Svv ombs Dam let Itr tot m 
metad dee erdu. wiy sunny. 1 
bid. neap. w. tern. Stair roof 
toe. Long Let. El 80 p.w. 

01-724 3100 

Foe the best 

j G t d cUn nofflne 


ni prime London ariaa. 

Conifeefff us imarykMrtftoe 

. JSSrt - tfiwn w re 

brand ire*' 

SEES.* 1 


KnwG mu. 

gaa gig tt 

01-727 720. . 

dk. W?'* "“SSm™ 1 

AvaMatto B uterigte T - 

£400pw. 01*225 1972- J_ 

L-h ' 

AVAJL by •» xrrxxgenHBL 


Freay 2 storey bo w mcW h 
Ned meos. Rccte tat Wn. 2 ^ 
(Uc baton*, 1 l* brtrrn. 
balbnm. eftnn. roof terrace, 
priv. p edtix *. £325po **- 

. EAnw^w^wn ^ 



» aw v***ZtA?52a 

VBOA Skteo bsrtfcsoBl 

w. ElOOpr* Bd CH & owr. 


Lovely wvti furnUbOd tod 
decorated House to quiet 
Ctaee off Connaught BL 2 
rscepe~ 2 beds, batiarn- 

SW5 Superb {pound -Boor 
Hat overioaHng and vdlh dL 
rect gocBss to bBautffut 
communid gaidara. 2/3 
teds. 2/3 fBcSteUttteto 2 

baths rt ansuteL ava«aWe 
knmedatoly. Lena co tat 
£400 pw. 

W14 Spartoua tap floor 
msis ki quiet steet, close to 
Kansingmn Hlnh St and Hol- 
land MIL'S Cbm bods, dm* 
kttchon/bfxt rm. 2 
aval bnrmd. 6 
let £325 pw. 



»i ou) merntm no, 

SW5, M 91*379 67S1 



rmmmmm tumm 

£250 pw 4 beds.- Hctamd/KHr 
£265 pw 4 toft- Bv» 
£300 gw. 4 b-m- CMndtft 
£325 p* S toft- TwktaGm 

qumjty pairernTO 

01-940 4555 . 

To view nor fins 
selection of porsoDatiy , 
Inspected flat*- tnNW 
or Central Uaotkm. . 

Please caH EMm Moir 

01-724 3160 

CAHBAN & 71 

am ran tor Oo let - Class 
Stem Squera.1 Roam. UB. 


W2 Saiisibb dsc fen. 2 Boa. 
Recap. KJB, Mb E22S 
DR Houm to test S» 3 BwL 
8 Recap. KBB + ooutyd. C2S0 
W* FWtBr boBss. ggs * gte 4 
Bed. Recap. KSB * Sb Rbl 

tOMBSTOft (Mam. net has. 
ggs 6 gdn. 4 Bsd, S Recap. 
M2B. Does t gd courses. 

01-589 5481 

dmytqn am ana 

te&. 3s tote. 3 naps. 

bt/bnak £350 pe 
Cum* baud te 2 toft 
toft reap. u. Keys ID Caitogan 

^ 0 RR-EW 1 NG 
01 - 5 S 1 0025 


(urn and dsc 3 bod (2 
ms. iga reept 2 bam, te 

kUdsiar. w«h wtwns r flO 

now/ prof rtwrars ow i wdsr stl. 

CtflO pw nog. 


CHftSCA ExqutedB taose bea*- 
fieBy taraatsd to tagbot 
santbid. 2 stfMrti bsdroonH. 2 
bnuy teswoms, oterod dbh 
rccetiwa WM ma lrtm - 

tenoBN. Fantastic nfoor pw 

tto with omamenu) aral 
sttnutekig Irauzi Roof gin im. 

Sqm. £550 
mumem (Ctosaj s»- 
M» bouae of dunder at 

enxBsot Hoad. 4 tod ms. 2 

totts. 2 seer item. Ht/ddi d 

HUffSTEW 2 todniL 

2 baths Kt Ctarnan FK8p & 
M. nil BbmteL EWO 
Wl NW tarn PRd a mb. Osar 
Regents Ptu DMe bedim, neap, 
kd & bah. Inc GJi. E14a 

01-499 5334 

MMDAV4U, W*. Mews noose 
wtth roof err. new carpets and 
flora: 3 beds; «L reap: bath. 
£900 pw UM. FMOh Kay * 
Lewis: tn 722 6138. 


Seaonds from Hyde mrit- Seiec 
tioa tms-8 bMrtMMnwnnninr 
asm In rteosnt period house. 
Newty decorated and tV m rthed 
to high stuunL Security. 
parVUtg. Company lets uarterea 
on short/long term. From £350 
pw nag. Oafctolterk Estates; 01 
72* 6831. 

VtSITWB UMGMMR Alton' Brisk 
tt Oo have a lterif. tetoct lo n .ri 
flats tod bouses available for 1 
wrack + from fiisopw. *99 

-1668- - — " 

tn quiet gdn so. 
Drtfgti1ft)l mfid Or Oat MM com- 
pletely moderaisad with all new 
niDMilw. Lpe recto overtook - 

mg gdro. 2 able bednm. k * b. 
<Ht a clothes washers, ch. 
Long CO let- El 90 pw. RJtA 
Ol 987 3710. 

KOCHMaTOIL Newty dec and at- 
tractive m sl aapetK In pretty 
tree Used SL 2 dble bads. 2 
baths, study /bed 8 recto, tee 
mod ktt wttB mschhias. AvaU I 
yr phis. Oo let £380 m. 
T m 584 2531. 

only tw parted «r 3 years m 
we 4 bedroom. 2 racwtkm 
Urge khenen. 2 bathroom. 2 
w& CH. cjOOper week. Ho- 
ply to BOX 006 . 

Ktete Prasttems. te* fax tar- 
■dstwd (M to amet reo. ares. 2 
bod. 2 roc. til Patio 6 Gdn. 
Soil Person Seeking Privacy 
£180 pw. TetOl-883 4116 

HOLLAHt) PARK EouMte newty 
dscoe ri ed. l bed ntri ssn wt e 
with, large bathroom. MSChen. 
CH and sunny roof terrace 
*£280 pw. COS4PANV LET. 
TeltOl -229 *613 May) 


pretty nal with s tem to ortvake 

odro- 5 dlbebects. 2 bsmarelte 

gant rraxpL study and utility 

rm. co long let £*ao pw Cod- 
darn A Smith Ol 930 7321. 

OHM GARKHS, W*. Brtaw 
6th floor maraooetie wim an. 
romm unite garsctis. 2-5 bods. 
1/2 r e caps, kn and 2 baths. 
£336 pw L/lsL PtidUps Kay * 
Lew* 01 722 5L36-’ 

■SCUTS PARK Marlw hobs*. 

U id urn 6 boos. 3 baths. 3 very 

Ipe recent, dtntng BteL US UL 3 

yrv £15-O00pa. Lae- cm etna. 

HflM fittings lor sale. 499 9981. 

EVOI 070-4703. 

ST JOHNS «WOD 600 yards 
A in snc to School of Lonoon. 
Unf urn 3 beds with guttr to 
wardrobes. 2 baths. 3 recaps 
3STC15*. US Kh/Broak bar. 
parking. £S4opw. S704S76. 

BATTBRSBA Print* of Wain 
Drive. Prof MfF-B5+ O/R. Of 
bathrm. W/M eke. Shura ML to 
large Ms not ovratookina park. 
. £s£pw IncL TeL-Ol 622 9961 

BktiKI ARCH. Mod block. 1 
bed BsL Long KL .£160 pw. 
Crgr an.aU 93* 9612 (TV 
MO. KIM PW. 1 dUe bed flu. 
Light recto K * b. Co m 6 

moths. R.HJP. 01 937 3710. 
|A SOLANO Lti» 1221-2610) 
for Quality homes. Wl 12 beds 
£ 16 fipw. W1M beds £ 130 pw 
ftOANE SQUABS B mto*. Roe. 2 
bedrooms. K/B. Newly mad. 
£170 pw. Tel: Ol 069 4773. 
STEAL UBS Family 3 ttedrm. 
pots ok. TV. watew. £10* pw. 
Others 627 2610 HoateaeaMK. 
*T JO H N * WOOD Flat. 4 bed. 
reeep. ktt/toltnn. tuny for- 
nrihed. £160pw 01-777 2278 
tin. to* patio nte. Folly fltied and 
Muted. 2 tfue Mdrms. idfetwn 
«*. £220 pw. (0342821 4007. 
Wl. Newty lurnfetsad 4 bedroom 
IW. Meoi a siarere on Od ml 
£ 250 pw. 936 9612- n> 

IV U I CAD B/stL own Hictien. 
phone, nr tuba. £4S pw. Otfttrs 
un. 027 26io Horateocewrx. 

CITY Nr bngfOMR. 1 bed. 1 
both A rocje to prestige btoex on 
7th floor. Res porters. 
Short /long tots. £200 pw CKW- 
dsrd A Smith 01 030 7321 

F.WAMtiP (MmateosM sortioeki 
Ud require prooeroes to central 
south and west London area* 
for waiting appOcants/Ol 

MEMir M JAMES Cdotsct in now 
mi Ol 236 8861 for the bto se- 
Mtwn o* f urot shsd note and 
.nooses to rerrt to KMohOhridac- 
KenatngtoD And Chtesaik 

LAPfSOM « HERMAN Df ri cs n ris 
A executives urgently seek 
quality properties m tel antral 
/Wed London area s. For often- 
non Maste ring 01-938 3426. 

value. 2 beds. Ige recto ML 
bath, shower no- CZ7dpw. 
Birch & Cb. 734 7432. 

W2 UUDMSWAY. Mew» cottage. 
2 bodroosto Befog room .patio. 
' 090 pw. oo. M. sotattipuiu one 
year. TeL 01-229 6860. 

BMttUIA l O WIB W. 1 Bsd 
secluded Died a tern (tal. £200 
pw. Tel: 01 238 1341 

FMBHOktt BILL, hmnac 3 bed 2 
. bath OSL Bh: VSM £240 gw. 
Natbsa WHson 4> Oo- 79* 1 161 . 

: a Hunts 

bare duality properties In i 
anas to to* 637 0621. 

modem Executive house, dou 
Me Hvmg roam, study, futiy 
equipped WKhen. 4 bedrooms. 
2 bsthroams. 2 garages, garden. 
Ckne so good schools. Coove- 
ttienr across to Gatwft* A 
Heathrow. Go l et D e fe rred 
£080 pw. Tet 01-879 0309. 
lux flats/ houses: £200 - £1000 
p.w. Usual fees req- Phillips 
Kay A Lews*. South of (he Park. 
Chelsea oOTce. 01-3*2 8111 or 
North of the Part. Regent's 
Port office. 01-722 Bis* 
(Mltn Superbly decorated A 
furnished 2 bed. 2 receg mat- 
. sonetae off tanasHasd. nr ktt- 
patio. l yr +. Co let. C3B0pw. 
Abo selection of l bad Oats in 
Chaises- Curaxi Esatai 01-361 

*121. - ' 

greater (lextbaxy. Obtain your 

furniture lor short or toag term 

lets an oar nmque hire service. 

mm ,-MT Michael Nartmry. 

John Strand Contreai Ltd- Tef 

01 486-8613.- 


nat to Chst r sa prwmuMy occu- 

pied by owuer^ Recently 
redecorated, furnished, 3 beds. 

2 baths- larse reception, latch. 

rat. big terrace. £300 p.w. Co 

let ao apraits- Ol 878 3814 
W10 Luxury Mews Cottage. Qui- 
et retedanuai area, i Md.dtotng 
room, strung room, kttcurai. 

b a throom, mted carpets, central 

heating. TaMpnone tioO ms 

week KKtuatng rales, 01-727 

*7*9 (day). 01-4*2 7709 (eves) 

FULHAM, rare newly dec hse to 
iiiiu isc rood nr Bishops park 4 
beds. dMe recap. Spacious eat In 
ML bath wim strwr. Very piety 
rear gdn. £400 pw. Suuivan 
Thomas. 731 1333. ; 

ST. J O H N’ S WOOO. Pretty 
mound floor flat, 1 dMe bed. 1 
recto k* b. shown-, washer/ 
dryer. OL CHW. colour TV. 
oardon. Cfoae tube. £120 pw. 
Mto 6 months. 01-4*9 3360. 

_ . . _ tube. o» toL 

£166 pw. Tet 736 1076/4037. 

HTH MIM, MX C3lPrtMng AK-. 
tier dto gn ad 1 dbw bed OL 
Receo- Mod idt a txuh. Ideal 
pled a were. £170pw. ol-*8ti 
57*1 (T>. 

Aii iff ttr ML DM Mdrm. rac 
rm. kil/difl ng. bathrm. Avail 
paw. Long Co toL £iM pw 
* Co 736 3000. 


mews Use on 3 fire. * baas. 3 
baths, recto 1 kfr/dtowg. gge 
-Avail end Asrt. s mins, caoo 
pw. MateteflSi 01 081 2216. .. 

IMMUC OFramiMTY targe pe- 

riod 2 bedrm tuc. mtfu o pffwd 
for l yror 2. KamUMo Tarrace. 
ft Johns Wood. £260 pw. 
THmUm 730 9937. 
•WGUT- ter compl e x. Um 
rum fiat 3 bsda.iB dbtA Imo* 
lounge. K4R UL'gvage. CH. 
Sufi 4/0 sht roirs £ 136 pw ind 
Of MBs. 244 7383 ID. 



Wg have’ a stmort t g l ac t ta n 

of paraonaDy xwpoctetJ fim- 

mshed and latfumtelwd 
proportiBa mmany fl na R*s»- 
danoal timncli, rannn 
from £150 pw to Eaoop par. 

Tet 01-488 8926 

WIST m Mod Canute*. F,T 
CNHmmg lax 4 batrsawnhse. 2 
. ' fasPts. gibs. ggc. C39ttow me. 
L .FjFiux t due btti apt Mrety 
, view. CISO pw me. 575 1896. 
fJMnMM Baltic- urgently re- 
quires luxury Data and houses 

h«u £200 a. 000 pw. Rmg 

Burgees Estate Agents 601 *1 36 
•CMt A BUTCHDFF tor luxury 
properties tn St Johns Wood. Be 
oils MIL Mrida vale. Swto* 

Cott 6 Hampsuad 01-086 7861 


KNKBfTaamOOC flate/twosas 
. available now. £ 100 - 1.000 pw 
Burgess 01-081 *136 
GRAIN FARM 2 bsd JUL ftely 
' aquUk newty d e cor rt ed. SaM 2 

1 NS. praik. £120 p.w. Co 

LH/oreMeas. TW Ot 367 2708 
atttWKK «M. Newly dec a/C 2 
bedriaL ige toga, flttadktt. mod 
bath. CH, tv. phone. £120 pw. 
998 4176 or 994 3488. CD. 
BO CK LAMOa. Hooses and Oats 
throughout the d o c k la nds area 
to toL Docklands Property Cen- 
tre. 01-488 4*82 
DULWICH nu Fully fen 4 
6drm hse. CH- nrW Dutwtcn & 
Heme MUi ltns Sutt (am or 
group. £7*0 pm. Ol 670 6341 
RMCBLEY N12 2 bed. kmnge. bl 
and bam. OCM. Newty (ur- 
ntshed Cl lO p.w. tcloos 
6965 between 9 6 6 Mr Sturr 
KEHSMGTON ite FkmrS Bed flte 
£396 pm. Would suu 2 singles 
sharing or couple Rmq 
Aldersholl 860424 
LUXUStY mnn house Regents 
Park 2 out bd. 2 recap. CH. 
fully furnished. 1 year Co. let 
£270 p.w. TeL 01-402 639a 
PfSkUCO SWI. Beautiful duty 
modernued one bed flat, with 
secluded patioX140pw.Tel.Ol 
236 2182 day 01-821 9104 eve 
SOUTH KKN sunny s/taang rial 
With ti-tro. □/ looks gdn iq, ten- 
nts. dble bad. rec k4*. CH and 
CH W. £206 pw. TeL 386 8826 
SWS Lge attractive 3 bed 2 bathe 
il TOButtr) family Bat. All ame- 
ntilas. 2 mm mbe/bos. B ann e n t 
parking £230 pw. 373-9967. 
SWISS COTTAGB. £380 pw Med 
3 bed. 2 ham town hse. Nr Holi- 
day Inn. Co let only. Others 
witaHt. ACJU. *86 8811. 
*17 SdSl Tho number to retnetn- 
0 *r when seek ms best rental 
properties to central and prone 
London areas £180/£2.000pw. 
W14 Chartnlng 1 bed IM near 
tube. Long /snort let- suit cou- 
ple. ■ two • pw. John 
Hcfttmpnwxth 73*6406 
WZ. BAYSWAYBff. Luxury weu- 
raiulpoed Hal DW bed.- recap. 
UL dinar, oath, garden, cuzs 
pw. Co let, TeL 229 6997. 
WU Balcony flat. overtoaUng 
connoaa ga rd en s. 2 beds, 
necep. KW £200 pw Tal: 
■0344) 886223. 

ABC Aprs . 01-837 4889 Lat- 
hng A ManagoneiM. Flats A 

University A Bril Mutoim. Hel- 

en Watson A Ca seo 6275. 
K H 2 dble bedim OaL CH. 

recpL phoneXBO pw. Outers 

ear Z6U> Homefocaiors m g. 

BOX* FARM 1 bodrm. nr tube. 

receg*. phone. £66 pw. Others 

627 2510 Homteocstare 
CAM OIU BT 3 bed house, gdn. 

GCH. newty 'deronoad. 050 

pw No sharers. 226-0*20. 

abort, long 

tst u ngs. rang ot agi Taaa m 

CBHTHAU pw* baton, own 

kfflehen. phone. CHL £40 pw. 

Others 627 2610 Homeiocat o rs. 

CHOLSCA Attractive- r dble bed. 

sttttng rm. kAB. Co kef. 
£!20pw JCH 828 0040. 
CHKLSCAi 2 JHs tio drn i tin. 

Phone, nr tube. CH. £80 pw. 

Othe rs 627 2610 Homeiocators 

CKEC i bedim, ncbl parMaq. 

pnotM. CH. £70 pw. Others too. 

627. 2610 llnrne locator j. 
FIK.HA M 3 OM bod rurntohed 

. how wtth- garden Long let. 

£800 monthly. Pfr. 388 8159. 

FULHAM Luxury 2 bod flat mted 

ML nr new. avail now. £150 

p w 736 6800 (P, 

CH rum flat 3 

bdTTK Inge -dtotoann etc. Faro. 

UH only £J96pw 01-794 1015 

IIAMP1TYAD lovely matsonetta. 
*frtbca. so co mf or a . 2 
nnbt-£2sa pw trt 01-43669) 9 
JH*feG«5 1 bedrid. recpL nr 

MB pw. Others tog 

Hbmriocaian UB 9. 

-Qoiff lukury roe ws hooses. 2-6 

. WL Long co let. 884 1163. 

2 be drm tnau 

CCH - c «0 Pern- 310 6030 ttL 

. 1 ■ 


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Law Report April 28 1986 


be reconsidered 

— ▼ Oxford Regional 
Mental Health Review friba- 
®al and Another, Ex parte 
Secretary of State for the 
Home Department 
Regina ▼ Yorkshire Mental 
Heahfc Review Tribunal and 
Another, Ex parte Same 
Before Lord Justice Lawton, 
lord Justice Stephen Brown and 
Sir John Megaw 
[Judgment given April 231 

Where a mental health review 
tribunal had made an order for 
the discharge of a mental patient 
subject to satisfactory arrange* 
menis, the tribunal had no 
power to reconsider the decision 
to discharge the patient 
. The Court of Appeal so held 
m allowing two appeals by the 
Secretary of State for the Home 
Department against the judg- 
ments of Mr Justice Woolf and 
Mr Justice Kennedy, who re- 
fused applications for judicial 
review of a decision or respec- 
tively the Oxford review tri- 
bunal in relation to Mr Ernest 
Campbell, ami of the Yorkshire 
review tribunal in relation to 
Miss Mollie Lord. 

Mr John Laws for the sec- 
retary of state; Mr Oliver Thor- 
old for the applicants. 

said that both cases raised the 
same point concerning the pow- 
ers of the mental health review 
tribunal tinder section 73(2) of 
the Mental Health An 1983. 

In 1959, Mr Campbell then 
seed 17 was convicted of man- 
slaughter by reason of dimin- 
ished responsibility and 
sentenced to 10 years imprison- 
ment. He was released in 1963. 

In 1 969, be became aware that 
he was suffering from mental 
disorder and he was detained for 
treatment at Broadmoor Hos- 
pital pursuant to section 26 of 
the Mental Health Act 1939. 

While in hospital be con- 
fessed to minor offences of 
burglary and was brought before 
the crown court which made 
orders under sections 60 and 65 
of the 1959 Act, under which he 
had been under the care of the 
hospital ever since. 

He applied to the tribunal for 
a review of his case. The 
secretary of stale was. under the 
Mental Health Review Tri- 
bunals Rules (SI 1983 No 942). 
entitled to notice of the bearing 
as well as of any psychiatric 
report put forward in support of 
the application. 

The hearing took place on 
February 12, 1985 but, unfortu- 
nately. the tribunal gave no 
notice of those matters lo the 
secretary of state. The tribunal 
made a direction under section 
73 of the 1983 Act (which had 
replaced the 1959 Act) that the 
patient should be discharged, 
such discharge to be deferred for 
proposals to be prepared tomeet 
the conditions. 

Mr Justice Woolf held that 
there had been no final decision 
by the tribunal so as to entitle 
the secretary of state to apply for 
judicial review. 

In refusing the application for 
judicial review, be said that the 
failure to give the relevant 
notices to the secretary of state 
was an irregularity but the 

tribunal could reconsider their 
decision in the light of 
representations by the secretary 
or state. 

In 1975, Miss Lord, when a 
patient at a Wakefield hospital, 
set fire to the premises and was 
convicted by the crown court of 
arson and was similarly de- 
tained under orders made under 
sections 60 and 65 of the 1939 

On her application for dis- 
charge, the tribunal on April 1, 
1915 directed that she be con- 
ditionally discharged but de- 
ferred the direction pursuant to 
section 73(7) of the 1983 Act 
pending satisfactory arrange- 
ments therefor, and further 
directed that in the event of such 
arrangements not being made 
within six months the tribunal 
would reconvene to reconsider 
the direction for conditional 

Mr Justice Kennedy, too, 
refused the secretary of stare's 
application for judicial review. 

The question was whether 
either tribunal made a decision 
which was subject to reconsider- 

Under the 1959 Act the 
secretary of state was entrusted 
with the derision as to whethera 
patient should be released from 
hospital. The 1983 Act en- 
trusted the derision to the 
tribunal but the 1983 Rules 
envisaged that the secretary of 
state, as guardian of the public 
interest, should be entitled to 
make representations to the 
tribunal before they reached 
their decision. 

The tribunal's duty to order 
conditional discharge under sec- 
tion 73(2) was mandatory and in 
performing that duty the tri- 
bunal were only concerned with 
the criteria laid down in section 
72(1 XbXi)and (n) of the Act and 
nothing outside those pro- 

In Mr Campbell's case, the 
tribunal directed a discharge 
and the only outstanding matter 
concerned the arrangements to 
be made in relation to the 
discharge. There was no power 
wha lever to go back on the 
decision to discharge. If no 
satisfactory arrangements were 
made then the conditional dis- 
charge lapsed. 

Therefore Mr Justice Woolf 
misdirected himself in conclud- 
ing that the tribunal had power 
to reconsider their decision. 

The failure to give the re- 
quired notices to the secretary of 
state was not an irregularity 
which could be remedied under 
the 1983 Rules, once the tri- 
bunal had made their decision. 
It was a classic case of a failure 
of natural justice and the court 
had to order judicial review. 

The tribunal as a matter of 
practice should inquire in such 
cases whether the secretary of 
state had been informed of the 
relevant matters. 

Mr Justice Kennedy also mis- 
directed himself in holding that 
the tribunal could .reconsider 
their decision. Accordingly the 
two appeals should be allowed. 

Lord Justice Stephen Brown 
and Sir John Megaw delivered 
concurring judgments. 

Solicitors Treasury Solicitor; 
Alexander & Partners, Wtiles- 
den; Irwin Mitchell, Sheffield. 

Limit to powers of 
review tribunals 

Grant v Mental Health Re- 
view Tribunal 

Regina v . Mersey Mental 
Health Review Tribunal, Ex 
parte O'Hara 
Before Mr Justice McNeil 
[Judgment given April 23] 

The Mental Health Act 1983 
did -not expressly or by implica- 
tion, empower a tribunal deal- 
ing with the case of a restricted 
patient, which was specifically 
dealt with in section 73, to 
exercise powers given to it. by 
section ' 72 which apptied to 
unrestricted patients, except 
where those provisions of that 
section were expressly incor- 
porated into section 73. 

Mr Justice McNeil so held in 
the Queen's Bench Division, 

that (and ex hypothea declined 
to direct that the patient be 
discharged), that they might “(a) 
with a view to facilitating his 
discharge on a future date 
recommend that be be granted 
leave of absence or transferred 
to another hospital or into 
guardianship and (b) further 
consider his case in the event of! 
any such recommendation not 
being complied with”. 

It was to be observed that, 
save in so far as section 72(3) 
itself included a limited form of ! 
conditional discharge, there was 
no provision for conditional 
discharge under section 72 as 
there was expressly in section 
73. where the distinction was 
drawn between “absolute" and 
“conditional'' discharge. And 

dismissing an appeal by way of there was no provision in sec- 
case stated, brought by MeJvyn non . echoing or similar to 
Roy Grant, and an application section 72(3). 
for judicial review by James 
Frederick O'Hara, who were 
both restricted patients whose 
cases fell under section 73. 

In the case of Grant, the 
tribunal indicated that it would 
recommend the transfer from 

In his Lordship's view, that 
plainly indicated the intention 
of Parliament to repose wider 
powers on a tribunal dealing 
with an unrestricted patient and 
to limit the power of a tribunal 

in directiiu the conditional 

one hospital to another if it discharge ofa restricted patient, 
considered it had the power to by enacting specific powers in 

do so. In the case of O’Hara the 
medical officer did recommend 
a transfer. , . 

Section 72. which did not 
apply to restricted patients, did 
confer the power to recommend 
the transfer of a patient from 
one hospital to another. 

the secretary of state to 
“supervise" such a patient who 
was conditionally discharged: 
see section 73(4) and (SL 
Section 72(1) was not incor- 
porated in section 75: it was 
only where section 72(lXbXi) or 
(ii) were relevant that there was 

The question for the opinion any incorporation, 
of the High Court was whether His Unship rejected the 
when a mental health review argun^m pu[ forward by coun- 
tribunal was considering an sej for the applicants that rule 25 
application made under section 0 f ^ Mental Health Review 
70 of the Act, by a patient Tribunal Rules (SI 1983 No 942) 
detained under sections 37 and were 0 f weight in the construc- 
41 . it had the power to make a t j on 0 f the Act itself, and said 
statutory recommendation tor that a statutory instrument 
transfer under section 72<3«a) cou id nol confer a jurisdiction 
to another hospital, ana oy not given in the governing 
virtue of section 72(3Xb). to s jajute_ 

(hither consider his case rn uic Rub* 25 was not ultra vires, 
event of any such recorn menaa- ^ jimiud j n the 

tion not being complied wun. circumstances in which the 

Mr Oliver Thorok) for the statute empowered recom- 
applicants; Mr Roger Ter Haar mendation and to an extent 
for the tribunal. therefore it was procedural 

MR JUSTICE McNEIL said Solicitors: Biymt & Arm- 
,-rtio,, 72(3) authorized a strong. Mansfield, for Mr Grant. 
2Si.S^ “d2SfocdSge and R. M. Broudic & Co. 

Uvcrpool. for Mr O'Hara; Trea- 
It was where they did not do suiy Solicitor. 

Unreliable device 

swnwi « Rflvendale was not available when a 

Oxford Baxenuaw requirement for Mood or urine 

the course of in- was then made under section 
■ " — S(3Xb) but it was open to the 
justices to conclude that a 
reliable device was not then 

The Queen’s Bench Di- 
visional Court (Lord Justice 
GlidewcU and Mr Justice 
Schiemann) so hdd on April 21 
when allowing a prosecutor's 
appeal against the dismissal on 
a submission of no case to 
answer, by justices of an 
information charging the defen- 
dant with an offence under 
section 8(7) of the ACL 

1972 the -defendant 
two specimens of 
it became apparent 
tree quarters hours 
he approved device 
Ulc at the time of the 
ysis. and evidence of 

ibiliiy had been ad- 
e justices, it was not 
upon the prosecu- 
uce further evidence 
at a reliable device 


Butcher leaves 
Oxford facing 
an unpalatable 
change of diet 

By Clive White 

Ipswich Town 3 

Oxford Utd 2 

Oxford United had handled 
the change in diet without fiiss 
— from milk and honey to 
bread and butter all in the 
same week. But the bitter pills 
that Terry Holbrook, the Wol- 
verhampton referee, asked 
them to swallow could be 
responsible for putting them 
on something even less nutri- 
tious in the second division 
next season. 

A man who had remained 
emotionally sober at the sight 
of his team scoring three 
glorious match-winning goals 
before 90,000 spectators at 
Wembley was unlikely to be 
moved by seeing them con- 
cede two illegitimate goals in a 
quiet corner of East Anglia. 
But inwardly Ipswich's goals 
were sufficiently provocative 
to make Maurice Evans, 
Oxford's reluctant leader, re- 
mark: "And you wonder why I 
don't want lo be a manager." 

One would wonder why, 
after Saturday's experience, he 
prefers to be a scout, the 
position that he finds more 
emotionally rewarding. Of the 
3,000-odd boys he bas 
watched over the years at 
Sunday trials he has only ever 
signed one on professional 
forms — Atkins for Shrews- 
bury Town. That same Atkins 
1 1 years later repaid that faith 
by scoring the goal for Ipswich 
Town in the 92nd minute that 
may banish Evans and his 
team back to whence they 
came last season. 

But Evans knows that, 
should it happen, the man 
most responsible for it (Mr 
Holbrook apart) was Butcher, 
the Ipswich centre half back- 
bone, heartbeat and just about 
every other influential part of 
Ipswich Town Football Cub. 
“He was the difference be- 
tween the two sides," Evans 
said. If ever a player was 
bigger than the dub in the 
acceptable sense it is the 6ft 
4 in Butcher. Long after the 
departure of the Mariners and 
Muhrens, and even his side- 
kick, Osman, the gentle giant 
remains true to the cause of 

Ipswich, encouraging and 
cursing youngsters, most of 
whom would still have been 
playing' in the Football Com- 
bination bad that exodus of 
talent never taken place. 

Nowadays Butcher has lo 
leadby example at both ends 
of the field. It was real blood 
and guts stuff against Oxford. 
Having fired Ipswich ahead 
himself with the least likely 
part of his anatomy, his right 
foot, be bad to leave the field 
with blood pouring from a 
deep cut in his forehead. He 
was already playing on with a 
cut by his right eye that would 
have forced most heavyweight 
boxers to retire. 

From the corner Butcher 
had conceded in his damaging 
clash of heads with Hebberd, 
Oxford equalized through a 
volley by Phillips, punched 
towards him by Cooper in a 
position that would have been 
commanded by Butcher. Our 
hero returned five minutes 
later with his head heavily 
bandaged to the left back 
position and lo applause that 
ieft him in no doubt of his 
position in Suffolk hearts. He 
will bear this in mind, I am 
sure, when the lucrative offers 
come in again this summer for 
this English oak. 

The fear of relegation, and 
therefore losing Butcher, has 
been momentarily dispelled 
and passed on to Oxford, an 
undeserving encumbrance. To 
cries of ‘Ole’ which, under- 
scored their controlled posses- 
sion football. Oxford had taken 
the lead through the matador 
himself, Aldridge. They lost it 
when Wilson charged into 
Judge, their goalkeeper, flat- 
tening him, leaving Dozzell 
free 10 score. And suddenly all 
three points were gone when 
Dozzell, backing into Shotton, 
earned a free kick from which 
Atkins repaid Evans so 

Atkins, F Yaltop, T Parkin (sub: M 
Cole), t Cranson, T Butcher, N 
Gtognom, M Brennan, J Dozzefl, K 
WBson. S McCall 

Langan. J Trewick, L PMiips, G 
Briggs, M Shotton. R Houghton. J 
Aldridge, J Charles (suix K Brock), T 
Hebberd. S Perryman. 

Referee: 1 Holbrook 


Losing the 
flow but 
lasting the 

By Simon O'Hagan 

West Ham United 
Coventry City — 


Red in the pink: Craig Johnston, of Liverpool, batters the beleaguered Birmingham defence 

Villa make 

sure of 

By Vince Wright 

Aston Villa's first division 
place is secure for another 
season. They made certain of 
safety by beating Chelsea 3-1 in 
an ill-tempered encounter at 
Villa Park on Saturday. 

Villa's manager, Graham 
Turner, whose position has been 
under threat, must be pleased by 
the recent response from his 
players. Their resolve was lested 
in the second half when Chelsea 
equalized, but Villa refused to 
buckle and won the match with 
two goals in the final six 

While VQIa breathe a sigh of 
relief, Leicester City move 
nearer the urination trap door. 
Leicester's defence, who are 
conceding goals at an alarming 
rate, sprang another leak at Old 
TrafTord. where Manchester 
United finished 4-0 winners. 
Leicester have a match in hand 
over the ride immediately above 
them. Coventry City, but - can 
hardly relish their next game — 
at home to Liverpool on 

In the second division 
Charlton Athletic and Wimble- 
don are cashing in on 
Portsmouth's astonishing de- 
cline. Charlton, who climbed 
above Portsmouth into second 

Liverpool gain a 
five-goal bonus 

By David Powell 

Liverpool 5 

Birmingham City 0 

When Kenny Dalglish was 
asked on Saturday whether he 
thought Liverpool's goal ' dif- 
ference was now worth an extra 
point iii the championship race, 
be replied in bis typical laconic 
manner that he would rather 
have tiie point. What be would 
like still more, no doubt, is 10 be 
finishing the season with an- 
other game against Birmingham 

Even before Birmingham's 
home defeat by Southampton 
seven days earlier had consigned 
them to the second division, this 
match at Anfidd raised the 
question not so much of who 
would win but by how many. 
Conservative estimates would 
have been for a two-goal Liver- 
pool victory and Dalglish's team 
would have had to settle for that 
had they not found an un- 
expected marksman in 

Having scored only once for 
Liverpool and not at all this 
season, Gillespie collected three 
goals, desphe occupying a role 
as central defender. The only 
other surprise was that Liver- 
pool did not score more, be- 

Hearts most wait 

By Hugh Taylor 

A spectacular goal quelled the next Saturday at Dens Paris, 
nervousness shown by Heart of which is expected to house its 
Midlothian against Clydebank biggest crowd for years as an 
on Saturday and it pushed the army of Edinburgh supporters 
league leaders to within a.pbint travel to Dundee to encourage 
of their first championship win their, team over the final hurdle, 
for 26 years. 

“We looked edgy for' just 
about the first time titis season," 
said their manager, Alex Mac^ 

Donald, “and there was a lot of 
tension on the field." The goal 
splendidly struck by Mackay 
after 34 minutes gave Hears a 

above Portsmouth into second once they had put a point 

place after defeating Bfackbarn beyond their vfe tors* reach with 
Rovers 3-0, will almost certainly • - - 

go up iTtire^ beat Fulham at 

Hearn wUl-find Dundee in more 
combative mood at home than 
they were at Parkhead because 
their opponents need two points 
to give- them a glimmer of hope 
of finding a place in next 
season’s UEFA Cup. 

. Dundee are equal on points 
1-0 victory over a stubborn . with Rangers, who played with 
Clydebank ride and stretched more resolution and skill to earn 

iheir unbeaten run to 31 

Celtic's chance of snatching 
the title appears to. have van- 
ished even though they beat 
Dundee 2-0 with goals from 
McClaire and Johnston. But 

a 1-1 draw with Aberdeen at 
Pittodrie to make themselves 
favourites for the coveted place 
in Europe. 

The season is also ending 
disappointingly for Dundee 
United. They lost 2-1 at home to 

they were unconvincing against St Mirren, who gave their oppo- 
opponents who played for most nents a lesson in goal scoring, 
of the game with 10 players. Gallagher was the marksman on 
The climax to Hearts’ both occasions and Radford 
astonishing season will come scored for United. 

Selburst Park tomorrow , and 
Wimbledon are strongly fancied 
to join them. Fashano, an 
inspired signing from Mill wall, 
scored twice in their 3- 1 victory 
over Hull City at Plough Lane. 

Portsmouth, who missed 
promotion on goal difference 
last season, may fail by a bigger 
margin this time. Thqy could do 
no better than bold Sheffield 
United to a goalless draw and 
have only one game left 

However. Portsmouth’s prob- 
lems are slight compared with 
those of Sunderland who appear- 
to be fighting a losing battle 
against relegation. A 3-1. defeat 
at Brighton deepened the crisis, 
at RokerPark. 

A victory against Cardiff City 
could not prevent Wotverr 
hamptou Wanderers sliding 
from the first division to the 
fourth in successive seasons. 
Cardiff are also relegated. 

At the top of the third 
division Derby County continue 
to falter while Wigan Athletic 
and P lym ou th Argyle prosper. 

Part Vale clinched promotion 
from the fourth -division by 
winning 2-1 at Torquay -United. 

two goals in the first four 
minutes of the second half to 
lead 3-0, Birmingham seemed to 
be longing for the less exacting 
spaces of the second division. 

Liverpool, it can reasonably 
be assumed, will have to win 
both their remaining games, at 
Leicester Gty, where their for- 

mer stalwart. Cordon Milne, is 
trying to manage bis team away 
from relegation, and Chelsea, if 
they are to claim the title 

Since they have won their last 
five' League games, scoring 1-S 
goals ana conceding' one, they 
clearly have form on their ride. 
Better than that, they have 
Molby and Johnston who. with 
such belligerence and. artistry as 
they demonstrated here, might 
have made even Birmingham 
look good had. they been wear- 
ing blue shirts instead of red. 
How Denmark must hope, for 
the sake - of their World Cup 
chances, that the giant Molby 
does- not find his 14 stones too ' 
heavy a load 10 carry around in 
the heat of Mexico. 

Molby H was who posed most 
of the first-half problems for. 
Birmingham with three shots 
which went narrowly wide. And 
Johnston it was who evaded a 
lunging tackle by Hagan in the 
25th minute and crossed for 
Whelan's shot to be touched in 
by Rush. 

Gillespie's header, for which 
he rose above Clarke to meet 
Johnston's comer, was the best 
of his goals, and Molby made it 
34) from a penalty after Roberts 
had handled. Gillespie com- 
bined with Rush to score the 
fourth and when Dicks' reck- 
lessly tripped Rush in the' area 
the former Coventry City player 
was offered the penalty, un- 
hesitatingly beating Seaman for 
his third goal. . 

LIVERPOOL: B Grobbdaar; G GBespte. J 
Bedta, B'MccL R WWn fsute M 
Lawretmq. A Hanson, K Detotoh. C 
Johnston, | Rush, J Motor, K MacDonald. 
HRMMQHAM CfTYiD Soman; B Rob- 
erta (sub: M KuhJ). J Did®, M Smsfay, J 
Hagan, R Renaon. S Sttrar, W Clarice, N 
Pmnauar.W Wrigfs; R Hons**. 
Retarec.G Tyeon (SuriarianQ. 

Whatever the outcome to this 
season’s League championship 
West Ham have finally Jtroved 
that they -art no longer m tne 
business of flattering to deceive. 
With only -a week of-tbe season 
left they remain in contention 
for the tide, an achievement in 
itself for a club who in the pa» 
have usually faded from the 
picture long before now. 

In many ways the perfor- 
mance: West Ham gave oti 
-Saturday typified the Fun- 
damental change which - Bas 
come over them in recent 
. months, for while they fell a long 
way short of the fluency for 
which they are renowned they 
maintained a high level of 

commitment against a team 
who were themselves hardly any 
' less eager for the points. 

- After the heights of brilliance 

West Ham had' reached in 
beating Newcastle 8-1 last week 
it was- perhaps not surprising 
that their football bad a slightly 
incoherent, bung-over quality. 
Now they must make sure they 
keep a clear head for their- 
remaining four games, starting 
with tonight's visit to Upton 
Park of Manchester City and 
ending a week today with Thor- 
own trip to Everton. -It could be' 
a storming climax to : the 
championship — provided 
Liverpool do not steal the 
thunder first * _ 

As for Coventry, the cloud of 
the second division is growing 
blacker by the week. Despite 
this, they played in a positive 
frame ofmind and were unlucky 
not to come away with a point 
They bad created much the 
better openings when, after an 
hour. West Bam exploited a 
momentary lapse in concentra- 
tion to take the lead. Ward's 

3 nick throw-in (fid the da ma g e , 
(lowing McAvennie to take the 
ball deep into the Coveany area. 
A melee ensued and when the 
ball emerged there was Cottee to 
turn ft into the net 
The watching Bobby Robson 
must have been- impressed with 
the enthusiasm and speed with 
which Cotiee scored bis 24th 
goal of the season, toil whether 
he will force his way into the 
World -Cup squad, to be an- 
nounced today, remains 

Parices. the West Ham-goal- 
keeper, may also be wondering 
whether there is room for him 
on the trip to Mexico now that 
Bailey is injured. He was his 
usual impeccable self at his best 
in the dosing stages when Brazil 
had a dear ran at goal only for 
. Partes, perfectly positioned, to 
guide him away from the danger 
zone: ... 

* WEST HAM UMTBfcP Paten RSfew- 
at G Parts, A Gate, A Mattn, A* 
Oevonattre. M Want? McAvermto, A 
Dickens. A Cottas, N Or. 

.COVENTRY CTTYs S Ogrtawte: B. Bor- 
rows. GOowns, M Atflwa. G KScfcw. T 
Peaks. D BsnnstL L McGrath, C Raps, A 
■ Brazi, N Pickering. 

Hanley (BscMonM*!). 

An isolated cause for celebration 

By Nicholas Hailing 


— 3 



•* • 

All -is not .despondency in the 
West Midlands. The area does 
have orte team worth crowing 
about. Halesowen, who at Wem- 
bley on Saturday retained the 
FA Vase, flattered though, they 
were-by their victory margin. 

Before a record crowd for the' 
final of 18,340, swollen no 
doubt by supporters borrowed 
from West Bromwich Albion, 
Wolverhampton Wanderers 
and Birmingham City, tired of 
watching their local league dubs 
in their relegation throes, 
Halesowen produced one cause 

for celebration. It wffl be an- 
other if the Southern League 
decide at the third time of asking 
to admit the West Midland 
League leaders. 

Now Halesowen's case for 
admission is overwhelming, 
even if Saturday's was far from 
being one of their best displays, 
according to their manager, 
Paddy Page. Ultimately they 
were indebted to the alertness of 
their goalkeeper, Alan 
Pemberton, whose save midway 
through the second half to deny 
Pierre, a spectacular diving 
beaded goal was the turning 

Halesowen, lucky to be ahead 
in the 35th minute when Moss 
beaded passed MacKenrie, con- 

firmed their superiority with 
•two scrappy goals in four 
minutes-They came from Lee 
Joinson , the scorer of two goals 
in last year's fired triumph, and 
Moss. “We weren’t embar- 
rassed, but we just didn’t get any 
"of the breaks, Gordon Bartlett, 
Southall's manager said. Nor 
did they. The VauxhaU-Opd 
second division club had the 
best player on ihe field in Rowe, 
but there was to be no reward for 
his valiant pursuit of every lost 

HAUESOWBfc A Pemberton: N Moore, I 
Shanrood. M Lacey. L Hondo (suix J 
Rhode* ft Heath. M Pom, G Mon. J 
Woodhause, P Joinson. L Joinson. 
SOUTHALL: S Mackenzie; K James. R 
HotaxL M McGovern, 6 Croad. J Powel 
(autefl Richmond). P SWnates, J Ricinrd- 
son. L Peidhand. B Rows, H Pierre. 

D Scott (Bumfay). 


First division 

Aston VBa 
Ipswich Town 
Luton Town 
Manchester Utd 

imwiuuo un 

Noidnfll iar nFor 


S ou t ha mpton 
Weal Ham Utd 


3 C h e tee 
3 Oxford United 

S Birmingham Cily 0 

3 WMted 2 

4 Leicester City S 
3 Manchester Ctty 1 

0 Eserton 0 

2 Tottenham S 
2 Sheffield Wed 3 

1 Coventry City 0 

Second dtvVskxi 

2 Crystal Pal 4 

3 Shrewsbury Tn ,1 
3 Sunderland 1 
3 Blackburn Rws 0 

Ftdtam 2 HuddarsfWdTh 1 

Grimsby Town 1 Norwich Cfty 0 

Leads Uaitad 2 CariWeUtf 0 

IMdtebraudh 3 HBhnO g 

Sheffield UkT 0 Portsmouth 0 

Stake City 2 OMtemAffi 0. 

3 HnlCBy 1 



Newport County 
Pffmouth Argylo 
n eedi ng 
Rotherham Utd 




Manchester Utd 
West Ham Utd 
Shotted WM 
Luton Town 

m - «» - 

wonronam ror 


Newcastle Lhd 




Ma n chester Cfty 
Aston tea 
Ipswich Town 
Coventry City 
Leicester City 
Oxford United 

P W D L 
402410 0 
3924 6 7 
4122 910 
3823 8 9 
382011 8 
411811 12 
41 181112 
3918 912 

41 171212 
4017 816 
3915 915 
4115 719 
3912 918 
41 101417 
4011 821 

40 91219 
39 81219 

41 8 528 
41 41225 

F A Ptt 
88 37 82 
78 38 80 
69 35 75 
67 34 75 

56 48 71 
62 54 70 
M 43 65 
67 52 65 
46 44 63 
88 70 63 
65 47 59 
62 59 54 
52 62 52 
46 SO 45 
42 55 44 
49 63 44 
31 52 41 
46 70 40 
52 74 39 

57 78 36 
30 72 29 
33 85 24 

Crystal Pal 
Shotted Utd 
Hid City 
Stoke City 
Oldham Ath 
Bradford City 
Loads United 
Grimsby Town 
Huddersfield Tn 





4024 9 7 
382010 9 
4121 713 
381911 B 
41 19 814 
4018 818 
4016 717 
4015 915 
3910 518 
4115 818 
41 1410 17 
4013 918 
*111 1317 
4112 920 
401111 IB 
3912 720 
4010 6 2* 

80 36 81 
73 43 70 

65 41 70 

55 38 68 

56 51 65 
S3 62 61 
62 55 58 
48 47 57 
64 60 56 
&' 63 55 
45 48 55 
58 59 54 
50 56 53 

66 esa S3 

57 59 52 

lil? 89 

50 61 
43 51 

43 61 .. 
42 68 43 

44 66 36 




A PtS 

York cay 





Bolton waters 

FA VASE: Fterh Souths! a H a lesowen 
Town 3. 

COLA LEAGUE: Altrincham 1. Maidstone 
0; Barrow 1 . WegJdjifcma VXtewnh am 4. 

RrSSwl KteHvwft NonSchO Bam* 

V. Nuneaton 3. Oartford 1; Stated Z 
Boston 1: Tehorti 2. BffieW Z Weymouth 
5. Runcorn 2. 

<Mur. Bognor 1 , Hendon 1 : Carshahon 2. 
HrtcMi 3: Famborough 6. Dulwich 1: 
Kbigsiontan Z BBericay 2: Sutton Utd 2, 
Harrow 0; W a lth amst ow a Tooting ana 
Mtetain O; Windsor and Bon 2. Croydon 
0. Worttngham Z Yeovft 1; Worthing Z 
Slough 1 . Hr*t (Mates Ateey Z Maten. 
heao Utd 1; Bora ha m Wood Z Bassoon 
Utd 0: Bromley 0, Grays Athletic ft 
Learherhead 0. Wemtatey 2; Leytonstqne 
Hard 1. Rnchiey 1: Leyton Mn gate Z 
Chesham UU ft Oxford City 0, Hampton 
1; St Aborts City 1. Staines l: Uxbridge 1, 
Lewes 0; Walton end Hera h a m 2. Horn- 
Church i. Second dhMan north: 
Barfchamned 1. Stevenage Borough ft 
GtaKont St Peter 1. Clapton Z Unrated 
Utd 0. Cheahunt 1; Hand Hampstead Z 
Hanngey Borough ft Royster 0, Vauxhai 
Motors a Warn 0. Woivorton 2. Second 
tSvMon south; Dorking 0, Souttnrick 3: 
EBSttOurtM Utd 1. Fdtnorn ft Egham 0. 
PMrsftdd Utd Z Ftackwal Heath 1. 
Berated ASr 1: Horsham 1. Camberley 3: 
Mofeaey Z Hungnted 1. Whyidarie 1. 
Newowy ft wotSu i. Met PdKra a 

MULtiPAHT LEAGUE: Burton 0. Bangor 
Cay ft Buxton ft Moseley a Chortay o. 
WHtei ft Gateshead 3, Caernarfon Z 


Hyde ft MottwatitaB ft Mattock ft Marine 
ft Oswestry 1, Horwtcti ft Southport ft 
Rhyl 1: Workington 1. Gainsborough 1; 
WorksopO. South Liverpool Z 
ANedanh 4, Gosport 1; CholmstanJ 3. 
Basingstoke 1: Corby 1. Bedworth 3; 
Crawley 0. AS Southampton ft FOrdiatn 
0. Dudley ft FoOwstora 1. wnnM 1; 
Gravesend ft Worcester 1; King’s Lynn 2, 

•iZdimxf 7 Ig" S"*® Z 

Gloucester City Z Coventry Sporting 1, 
Bridgnorth 1; Forest Gnsn Rovers 3. 
Hetfewstad ft Leicester Utd 0,-Stow- 
btege 4; Mid Oak Rovers 4, Grantham ft 
Moor Groan i, Boston ft Rustem o, 
Bro mag rowRewaraft Sutton Ootedd ft 
Redditch utd 2: VS Rugby 0. 
Wdtogbnough 0. Southern ohnatec 
Dorchester 3, Ha s ti ngs ft Dover Athletic 
ft Cambtepe City ft Dunstable 1. Erith 
and Bdvedere ft Pooto Z Chatham 4j 
Stepney Utd 1. Tonbridge 1; RuMp 1, 
Satebury ft Trowbridge ft Aahtad 1; 
wnutoovBe 1. Corrt&ana ft Woodford 
2, Btmham Z 

CENTRAL LEAGUEr First dvtdone 
Everton Z Sheffield Wednesday ft West 
Bromte ti Albion ft Aston VBB 1. 

R 31 Ch * s *a L Iptekh ft Oxford 

unupd 5 - Crystal Pdace h Tottenham 9, 
Brighton ft Watford ft Chariton 1. 
Bangor 1; BaSymona 4. CSttomHe Z 
Carter 0. Coiarame ft Gmavonl, Lame 
^gentorm 1. DtsdHery ft Newiy 1. 

Third division 

0 Bristol Ctty 
3 York City 

1 ChestarfiaU - 

0 WeanASi 
3 D ei tegton 
3 Stockport 

1 BgfcyggB 

# II 

0 Notts County 
3 Bury 
3 ContHOy 
4428 7 9 65 48 91 
iAmyte4424 911 82 53 81 
i Ath 442213 9 78 44 79 

r County 412113 7 72 35 76 

GAngham 44211310 79 53 76 

Wdtsa 4521 915 88 64 72 

44181115 71 57 65 

44171413 66 60 65 

43171313 65 55 6* 

rRvra *4161513 44 49 63 

*4171116 56 60 62 

431611 18 64 52 59 

Rotherham UU .44161217 60 56 57 

Bournemouth 4415 920 66 69 5* 

" ‘ 39141114 56 65 53 

*4141119 48 71 53 

4512 1419 56 64 50 

4414 8 22 53 65 50 

44121121 62 66 47 

Newp or t County 44 ID 1717 51 65 47 

LmcotaCWy 43101518 50 70 45 

Swarsea&ty 44111023 42 81 43 

CanStrCMy 4511 925 51 82 42 

Wolver ha mpton 44101024 51 91 40 

dtataK Hanwal 3. CoNar Row 1: 
Pennart Z Thatoham 4; Wdthem Abbey ft 
Yeading 1. Postponed: HedhS v 

CNchestor City 3. UMehantem 1: 
Eastbourne Town 4, Horsham YMGA ft 
Haflsham 1. Arundel ft Potted 1. 
Psacahavan ft Pdngmer ft Brvgnsa HB 1: 
Shore ham 3, Mrturst t; W KB eh a wk ft 

dMatae Accmmon Stanley Z Present 
Cates ft Boom 1, Curzon Ashton ft 
Eastwood Hanley 1. Fomtwfcfflosaopft 
St Hates ft CongMon ftCUwoe ft 
Leek Z Buraoough ft Raddiffe Borough 
1.- Fleetwood 1; Stahrtxtefga OttfcZ 
Penrith 1: Wfetstord Utd 5. Netoerted 1. 

Premier d t vtoterc Agptetw FrotUng ha m 0. 
Long Eaton Utd ft Anratnoroo Welfare 3, 
Bridfenglon Trinity ft Arnold 1. lieanor 
Town ftBotoer Z Attretan 3; Eastwood 1. 
PaiMtr a ct Gob ft Smtay Z Thaddoy ft 
GusMy 3. Denaby Utd ft Spaidkig Utd 0, 
Faratey Cette 0. 


mtor dbia ter Barnstaple ft Chard ft 

ante Gty 3,_ MnngotstM d_ 3; Bristo l 

Manor Farm l.SbtasfiuwftGtedomnZ 
Paten Rote* 1: ExmouthftClevedonO; 
name Z "DawHsti 0: Shamon Mate ft 
Uskeard Athletic ft Toerintfon Z Btetoni 
3; weaorwuper-Mare ft ftymoutn Argyle 

Fourth diviston 


Hereford Utd 

P eterborough 
Preston N-End 

Torquay Utd 

1 Scunthorpe Utd 2 

2 SonttomdUtd 0 
0 Colchester Uld 2 

3 Wieat w 3 

2 KaMaxTrmm 1 

0 Cam b ridg e Utd 2 

3 Atderahot 0 
2 Exeter Ctty 2 

1 ItooefleWTown 1 
d Part Veto 1 

Scottish premierdivisiou 

1 Rangers 
2. Drawee 



Wade.Baoitier. Comfort 
Kamuu Coyne 

Swindon Town 4430 6 8 78 
Chester *42215 7 81 
PcrtVato 432115 7 66 
Mansfield Town 4322.1110 72 
Hartlepool Utd 45201015 67 

m 1 



Dundee Utd 
St Mirren 




.1 CMatoank 0 

3 Hto em te 1 

352010 5 59 31 50 
341810 8 60 38 46 
351711 7 57 30 45 
351512 8 58 31 42 

3512 914 51 45 33 
3613 715 43 51 33 

3513 517 42 58 31 
3511 BIB 48 61 _ 

34 7 621 33 62 20 

35 6 821 29 71 20 


25. Wasps 17. 

cens ft OraB 10 . 

Hereford UU 
Crewe Afex 
Southend UU 

44181214 72 
45171315 63 
43171214 80 
44171017 72 
4417 918 7* 
4*17 918 St 
44181018 58 
44161016 62 

Scunthorpe Utd .4*14,1416 48 54 66. 

Rochdale 42141216 54 65 54 

Exeter cay - 45 181517 46 57 64 
Wrexham 4415 920 64 80 54 

Tranmere Rvrs 4415 821 73 71 S3 

Peterborough 44121616 50 83 52 
Aldershot 4415 7 22 00 74 52 
HatfaxTOwn 43131218 56 66 51 
Cambridge UU 4414 921 61 77 61 
PratenN^nd '4511 1034* 54 85 43 
TaquwUtd *4 81025 42 80 37 

Fhst (Mtfan: Effingham ft Bishop Auck- 
land Z Brandon 0.Spenmw£ior 1: Crook 
*. Petoriee 2; FOrryWl, Gretna ft Whitby 
4, North Shields 1. 

Braintree 1, ■ Low esto ft ft Bury ft 
Stowmarket ft Chatteris. 3, HaverMI 
Rows ft Clacton 1, March Town Utd 3; 
Colchester Utd 1 . FeSxstowe ft By GltyO. 
Tiptroe utd ft Great Yarmouth 3, Soham 
Town Rangers ft Histon ft Gorteston 1 ; 
Thettord ft Brantham Aihietk: Z Wlsbach 

eSSBrSBHOR LEAGUE: Brentwood 5. 
Wrvennoe i; Convey Mend 3. Eton Manor 
ft. East Ham Utd 1. Witham 1: East 
Thurrock ft BrightBngsea 1; Fort Utd ft 
Hatatead ft MMdfl 1, CMmstord ft 
Sewbridgeworth ft Bowens UM 4. 

dM s tow: Cambridge Z Portsmouth 4; 
Ipswich 0. FuttrarnTMEwaBOTotfariham 
1: Norwich 3. GHogten 1: Oder* ft OPR 
Z Wattord ft Chefeea ft West Ham 4. 
Southend 1. Second dMakw Crystal 
Palace 1. Coteh ester ft Swindon ft 
Raadtog ZToHanham 6. Oxford UU 1; 

vr ..n.”.- m Bninhnn ii *1 

WimGIKjQOfl 9QUuiBn%n0n o. 

Scottish first cfivislon 

Ayr United 
Brechin cay 

Hamilton 3823 8 7 75 43 54 

Falkirk 38171011 55 37 44 

FortarAth- 3817 912 49 41 43 

tamamock 3817 813 59 47 42 

East Fife 381*1410 52 *4 42 

Dumbarton 38161012 69 52 . 42 

Morton 37131113 54 58 37 

Afedrteontans 38121115 58 48 35 

Partick 38101513 52 83 35 

Brad*) City 3813-817 57 63 34 

Montrose 38101315 43 54 33 

CMS 37 81712 43 5* 33 

AyrUntted 38101117 39 57 31 

Aloa Athletic 38 513(8 43 68 23 

Scottish second cfivislon 


Rath Rovers 
East Stirling 

AJbkm Rovers 



2 Queent Parte. 

0 St 
372310 4 
3723 7 7 
3819 811 
38171110 65 *8 .45 

3817 813 54 41 42 

3818 515 62 54 - 4T 

3814 915 52 50 37 

3815 71* 54 62 37 
3814 717 63 .63 35 
3714 716 48 48 38 
3711 521 47 66 27 
38 71120 45 78 2S T 
38 7 821 34 79' 22 
38 8 5 25 36 82 21' 

u, uuBfunii 

H^taai. Vale of Luna 7; i 

t *°gj_ n 9jWfn 2 ft 

ST. ^ T «RO“y 7 Penarth 28; 

'& St?? S 

8t h«8 9. Barnstable ft 

WggQ»«on 4, Newquay 1ft Atom 




New, vtaws.Drwi 6 W 5 , reports: 

Payimwwf OO ffOl RlChailMMnnchi pp 

Etc. Dorft rabs the Spring tssun. 
tollable troroW H Smrth, Menzies 






4 * 

U . T >v 


; "U-* l3^ 


NG: SHAHR ASTANI new derby favourite after guardian classic trial victory 

noill tor - 


From Our Irish Racing 
Correspondent, Dublin 

•» > - .- By Mandarin 

K& . ’ -vy “ "■■’>■* '--'-ti .'J-.L - No newcomer has created a 

- • ‘ '!**'•• •• • «• f. y more favourable impression 

\ :■ ibis season than Armada, the 

’ W * V ®ffonless winner of the Wood 
’ Dinon Stakes 12 days ago. who 

irTM^BScSBBnL •• : makes his second appearance in 

BE T^. ‘ the Prince of Wales Slakes ai 

' ~ Brighton this afternoon. 

Khaled Abdulla's coU won so 
pH Til Hi ip I T^TTlW easily ai Newmarket that he was 

immediately made a 16-1 
chance for the Derby, odds 
*■ which have since contracted to 
JO-1 in the face of steady 
' ' support and the well-being of 
Ji '- : S', the other three-year-olds at 
vLa-.^v* Pul boro ugh. 

Whether the form of the 
Wood Dinon will work out as 
well as last year, when the first 
II home all won at least once, 
" v remains to be seen but the early 

■ signs are encouraging as Mona 

' 9^^9k ;; Lisa, sixth at Newmarket. 

«ar ; l " ■ beaten 12 lengths, reappeared to 

win the Princess Elisabeth 
m-/. /• Slakes at Epsom last week, 

' , •;*..• ■ ; ' : . * •' . • albeit on a disqualification. 

. ~ Guy Harwood's decision to 
.'.SB ' : send Armada to Brighton, be- 

••'L * ■ ' ' ■■ fort allowing him to tackle 

■V.V«-..". '. w*’- *'• •'' '•' tougher opposition in the 
„ ' , Mecca- Dame Stakes, is under- 

ie Curragh on Saturday. standable as the son of Shirley 
_ Heights has the opportunity to 

Q _ 1 gain valuable experience of 

racing on the turn on an 
V*M*JU*V undulating track without, in all 
. _ — probability, being subjected to a : 

Ijrgl I |0|*V ^Sprcwwioo Boy is the only 
J winner among his three oppo- 
nents. having been cleverly 
placed by Paul Kelleway this 
favourite at 7-2 to give Fred season to land his maiden at 
Winter his first victory as Newcastle and a handicap at 
either trainer of jockey in the Ayr before finishing third to 
on>o» rani mirJilife Vh<.n~ Samanpour and Swift Trooper 

Chance for 
to win more 

From an Irish pointer view, 

the most significant happening r&fLs «$**£(-.'• *£*1* 1 

regarding to the English cS 
over the weekend may not have Ji ’’ ■ '■• •"■ - . 

been the surprise booking of *■***■?> ■ 

Lesier^ggou for Tate . Gallery ;>?«■£ 

V m M^^nragh success of '-&X 

Imperial Falcon, but .rather the **&$*. &B 

narrow defeat of Ramich John 
at Sandown. • 

In getting within a head and a 
neck of Supreme Leader and 
Iroko,- Ramich -John 
emphasised the very solid 2,000 
Guineas chance of Toca Ma- 
dera. Ramich John has y*n 
sharing the gallops with Toca 
Madera and the trainer Liam 
Browne was emphatic that his 
Guineas challenger was very 
substantially superior to the 
older horse. 

There were mixed feelings 
among onlookers as Pat Eddery 
brought Imperial Falcon home 
116 lengths ahead of the filly 
Welsh Fantasy over the ten 
furlongs of the Ballysax Race. 

Halfway up the straight Im- 
perial Falcon looked to be 
galloping over his rivals and set 
to go away and win by a wide 
margin. For a few strides when 
Welsh Fantasy came at him, 
Eddery looked to be in trouble, 
but; Imperial Falcon, without 
being put under severe pressure, 
quickened away. 

“He will be much more 
effective. when the ground dries 
up", was the opinion of Vincent 
O'Brien, who confirmed that 
Sheikh Mohammed's Northern 
Dancer colt would have his final 
pre-Epsom preparatory race in 
the Makioum sponsored 
Derrmstown Stud Derby trial at 

Irish bookmakers pushed Im- 
perial Falcon out to 12-1 in the 
aftermath of the Curragh event, 
but a more impressed 
Ladbrokes representative Mike 
Dillon trimmed him a further 
point to 9-1. 

Imperial Falcon proved to be 
the middle leg of a -treble for Pat 
Eddery. He' nad an 'armchair 
ride on the newcomer Wise 
Counsellor in the Warren three- 
year-old maiden. 

Eddery had however, to work 
a good deal harder, to force 
Kemago up to catch Lady Loire 
in the Mount Coote Stud Athasi 
Fillies' Stakes. 


'a ?*y m t ■s.Y«V*J 
piyx- -r^fVkvjH 


¥****&'•< • 

— . - ... .... . 

*: n «ctf * V.v«- •’ : -.v3BF * • 

Imperial Falcon, driven out by Pat Eddery to win at The Cnrragh on Satnrday. 

Old master back in classic 
picture with Tate Gallery 

The shock announcement 
which stofe the national sport- 
ing headlines on Satmday 
stating that Lester Piggott was 
to return to the saddle on Tate 
Gallery hi next Saturday's 
2,000 Gnineas was made after 
the 11-times champion jockey 
had partnered the winter 
favourite for the first of the. 
colts’ classic in a six-furlong 
spin on the aD-weather gallop 

AnheCnrragh later in the 
afternoon Vincent O’Brien 
commented: “He went welt 
and Lester and 1 woe both 
pleased. 4 * Tate Gallery had 

By Michael Seely 
.10-1 Tate Gallery and 12-1 

Oa Saturday Piggott’s name 
was being freely miked with 
Embla for the bat 

commenting about Charles St 
George's Cheveley Parji 
Stakes winner, Luca Cranani, 
her trainer, said yesterday, 
“As far as Fm concerned 
Piggott is riding Midway 
Lady. Embla will only run if 
tbere is no more rare and only 
in that event will I start 
looking for a jockey.** 

After a marveUons day’s 
raring in Sandown'r magnifi- 

great race, ruined his chance 
with two binders in the back 

(both winners since) at 

A greater threat to Armada. 

SESToSiSW ■■aSt-it— 

^ ■ • ■ ■ - that * 


Kphinn his gallop, either blinkers or a 

\nrT^ visor will be fitted when Tate 


Bv Oar French Racine big race: . . 

shied away from the whip ^ y , . 

when finishing a disappointing Xi2£Ott STCtUTD 
third toUdhame in tiie Glad- - -j<s 

ness Stakes on the same track "" PUgC ■ 

But that previously elusive however, may be WassI ReeC 
first triumph still came the wl >o shaped with promise when 
eight tunes champion trainer's ? ec ° nd al York a 5 d D ““*T 

when Simon Sbemood k° “'• h “ ,u £ m - “", d , re ? ,v ^ 
.u- bora the favourite. He seems 
drove leering grt the post sure io win races later in the 
uan a length m trout of that season but may again have to 
luckless mare Buckbe, who seule for second spot here it as I 
can hardly have helped her anticipate, Armada gains more 
with an ap palling admirers with another emphatic 
mistake at the Pood fence. victory. 

. off* roared 

its bead off with de%ht as the penaliyforarreent Folke- 

great man received his trophy stone success in the Town Puree 

from the Queen Mother. 

Handicap where the opposition 

Fast Topaze 

By Oar French Raring 

Fast Topaze -maintained his 
unbeaten record with a comfort- 
able 1 success from ‘‘-Highest 1 
Honor and Art Francais in the' 

ivnit amphitheatre on Satur- 
day, Shahrastani became the 
new favourite for foe Derby 
after beating Bonhomie by 
four lengths in the Guardian 
Classic TriaL 

Although the Aga Khan's 
Nijinsky colt was receiving Sib 

. ^Plundering broke down on consists of quantity rather than 
the flat when finishing fourth. Quality, 
only beaten two lengths be- Althoigh he failed to win last 

hind Special Cargo in this race season - Mark Ushers “Ji™ 

some good races m defeat, 
two seasons ago. He fired notabIy ^rd to Stately 
and had a season off 1 fumed Form and Eastern Mystic at 
him a lot for the Grand Goodwood in August, with 

National, but un fo rtu nately be 
fell at the Canal Turn. Then 

useful handi cappers such as 
Bold Rex and High Tension 

Digrace. .. Nijinsky cot! was receiving sib 

If is almost - certain that --from 1 Sheikh" THohammed's 
P^gott vriff first attempt" tb;^ prerioosiy " unbeaten three- 

gaurau incredible 30th classic 
. triumph on Midway Lady in 
Thursday's 1,006 Guineas. 

from Sheikh TOohammed s p^ty at Cheltenham- -last 
previously • unbeaten" three- lSrM y th* ground oa 

Tear-old. it ws nevertheless a .. the chase cbnrseifaad dried up 
friRhly • : . -- - satisfactory^ here .a lot in the past two 

the pftinp was too heavy when among those behind. That con- 
ke Wed second to Charter te * a ? d ^ Folkesone victory 

Dubai Poole d’Essai- dw* ;Talkmg, about tire fiUy . oa 
Poutains (Frenrii 2,000 Guin-. .whom the 50-year-rid genms 

eas) at Longchamp yesterday. 
The English hope, Guy 
Harwood's Zabdam. who had 
also been unbeaten previously, 
was slowly away, ran d i small y 
and trailed in last of the nine 

woo the Prix Marcel Bonssac 
at Longchamp last October. 

Ben Hanbury, her trainer, 
said, “Lester came round to 
see me on his return from 
Ireland and had a famk at the 

runners. Sirr'. v .. - , 7 

Mahmoud Fustok, who owns frlly in her box. He » keen for 

Fast Topaze. had won the race 
previously with In Ftjar (1980) 

. n, - • r- XnOfl k. » 

me to ran her and be wfl] let 
me know definitely when be 
gets bade from Paris this 

performance. : dayk** Oe triumphant trainer 

“That pleased ~me a kw,'" 'SaxL. "’ V.' 

said ' Michael Stoute, the The other pattern race on 
favoariteV trainer, the Flat, the Westbory Stakes, 
‘‘Shahrastani wiB have one gaw a superbly game perfor- 
more race in one of the mnnee by Supreme Leader, on 
established .trials before nbam Philip Robinson ap- 
Epsom.” peared to overdo the waiting 

Stoute has previoasly won tactics before fi n i s h in g strong- 
both this race and the Derby (y to overhaul Iroko and 
with die iH -fated Sbergar for Ramich John dose home. “He 

P^*iv ill rwitpflham -l*«t .'»«« both over I 'h miles, the 

distance of today's race, and this 
wtec laaMy-ny .pmjM oa ^ ,-jearjy h] s optimum trip, 
the chase comse- had dried np • The top trainers are out in 
herg a tot in. the past two -force at Warwick and I expect 
days.” fee triumphant trainer Michael Stoute and Henry Cecil 

said.. " " . . " to land a winner apiece with 

The other pattern race on ^Tf h 11 M and F ‘ reiU 

Course specialists 


TUAOffiRS: H CkA 9 *W1 from 17 
mnnars, 52S%; G Harwood. 27 from 106. 

Farm, his stud in Lexington, 
Kentucky. Jt was also a first 
clastic success -for the trainer 
Georges Mikhalides. 

rash Asmussen, the winning 
rider, said: “Fast Topaze was 
always very retoxed and will 

“Midway Lady has sudden- 
ly come to herself," the trainer 
went on “she went-wdl in a 
gallop op Yarmouth race- 
coarse on Wednesday. As she 
is by Alleged, I've always 
doubted whether she'd have 

havr no trouble in staying _d»e enow* speed for the Rowley Mile, but Lester me 

The Lupin will be his next race 
and after that a choice will be 
made between the Prix du 
Jockey-Club (French Derby) 
and the Epsom Derby. How- 
ever, earlier reports suggest that 
the colt will be campaigned only 
in Fiance this year. 

Blinkered first time 

BRIGHTON: 2.15 RatoeBo Nnp. 2.45 Flamo 


WARWICK: 4 0 Sy& Fa wtty. 4300**0. 

that she's plenty fast enough.” 

Midway Lady Is quoted at 
12-1 by Ladbrokes, who have 
Sonic Lady as their favourite 
at even money. Tb^tbea ep5- 
1 Maysoon and 8-1 Embla. 
The same "firm have Dancing 
Brave as their first choice in . 

the market for fee 2,000 at 9-4. 

They then offer W against 
Sure Blade, 8-1 Toca Madera, 

fee same owner in 1981. And 
Shirley Heights, Troy and 
Henbit also wow or took part 
in this always infor mative test, 
before going on to triumph at 

Some of the value of tins 
race as a-gnide to fee future 
was lost when Primary, the 
fancied representative of fee 
Guy Harwood stable, cocked 
his jaw and failed to negotiate 
the bend into the straight 
Grerille Starkey, his jockey, 
banged his fanny bone oa the 
starting ^ik, but was none 
fee worse for this always 
pafnfhi m&hap. 

Oa another sun-drenched 
afternoon -fee Wbitbred Cold 
Cop provided its usual glori- 
ous spectacle. I Haventalight, 

tactics before finishing strong- 2ss%; p com. 29 from 138," 21.04%. 
fa tn Avprfiant Imlin awl JOCKEYS: W Carson, 36 wtm&fs from 

ly to wrmnam iroao ana ia 2ndBs.2i4VGst2rxBy,32from tsa. 

Ramich John dose home. He 20 J%i Gay k— away. 7 from 39. i7a%. 

carried out my orders to the 


letter,** said a defiant Clive trainers: h Oca 10 wwera from 20 

p IftT. “orarf I am ' Mman l 5UDV M SWMB. 16 Pan 40, 

Brittain afterwards, and l am 40 ^. k Brassy, a from 47 . i 7 P%. 
now convinced that Supreme jockeys w S*wmxm. 14 minnerv 
Leader has fee Sussex Stokes m 

at hu mercy”. a«.i%. 

The opening Sandown Park 

Two-Year-Old Stakes showed nniklT TG-DrtlMT 
ns a colt of high merit when POINT-TO-POINT 
Risk Me became fee third 

winning offspring of the first- |-|lg hlHH rf dIHZG 

season sire Sharpo to sncceed ^ n 

this season. After the favomite HI1Q uTGCHHil 

show the way 

B, Brian Beel 

handled. My dhTgovnor, Ryan Highland Blaze stayed on too 
Price, would have said feat strongly for Paddy’s M ma 
he’d got four better at home. 

All I can say is that I've got 30 ai Ste Wo^slS 

worse. nninf-io-ooim on Saturday. 


Going: good to soft 
Draw: low numbers best 

2D LOVELY ROSA STAKES (3-Y-O: C A G: £924: 7Q (20 nmnera) 

J “SK 

f ” - 

,? “SXKSKsirzrrjir, 

!i “■ sssftKraswisssfflaF^ijgy 

5 eaGU= OESTWY {USA) Monammoc? Saltans W) 

s . ssaxp^ssaw=^==^!SS 

» 00-4 PEUJNKO A E EkSnM k ~ — 

3 t 

S 8B !BgBW8eSSiaB«!==8Bffl2 

7-4 Thresh It Out. » Boo* HI CaMA VJ*!*^*** 1 *’ W 09,50,1 
Wrtl 10-t AiAuiwn Butter. Herne*®. 12-1 Potisnko. TS-T Mfwre. 

Warwick selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Thresh It Oul 2.30 Artistic Champion- 3.0 Tern. 3.30 Miss 
Marjorie. 4.0 FireaL 4.30 Loch Form. 

Bv Our Newmarket Correspoodent 
2.0 Retrieve. 2-30 My Deryar. 4.0 FireaL 4_30 Taylors Taylormade. 

By Michael Seely 

2.0 THRESH FT OUT fnap>- 3.0 Tern. _1 


, a R J «Om 9-12^ — ~ C BllMNNrfTlJ 



&0GODIVA HA^ICAP (£2,639: 2m 2f 100yd) (15) 

1 314-fl STORM CLOUD [BrttsfT ThcxTXKfifarBifl P Cota 4-B-12 

4 1120-00 MORGANS CHOICE (C HQ CM 944 
T. 320- 1T0 PEARL RUN (C) (H Sqiin»S>G Pnoo« 

Id 22WOO- TBW (G LflKham) Mn EasMite S6-10 — .rnwrenra 

12 40B4M fLY»mOTOca»(»t&t9(ASi«Bml(^MP4»6A9 SCaufcjRl. 

■ 13 OOOMQ JACm»W fUSAJ (J a^ ^fesheaa W 

14 70000-0 BBJ OSH* L ) PngteyT DW tiSB 5-8-3-~. N AMM10 

15 1 BO-300 HCTT8ETTT fM Srwl P BwJar 6-7-12- APmudS 

is ooo/aw 


23 40000-4 BEAKER 

26 OfeOOOO- zncows SuS tOcraRiea vtocowaareKaOMBn) D Leng 7-J-J 

27 ^4000- WCROSWORTH (A PBrtun) B PraaM S-7-7 
7-4 Storm Ctoud. 3-1 Pearl Run, 5-1 CMo. 7-1 Alacazam, 8-1 Rjing oncer. 

Beaker. 10-1 oOm. 

130 ROCKFEL MAIDEN SELLING STAKES (2-Y-O. £544: 5f) (8) 

1. ’ • FIVE SIXB ffitanw Pearce M-.- MCaoDortonJ 


fl Dffi>TAWfCHB}C W 8-11 : — 

8 R.YWQ SLEWTLT |H \Mbams) D Heyr^i Jonas 8-11 —.Jftmi 1 

FLYING SX&TLY IH UUwns) D Haydn Jones 8-11 . 

0 uss uarjors ia nant^ j Hok B-n 

SAWrenoroiMm SGoynmODWSnaeB-ll 

_ -jJRaidl 

13 ' SAnranpibUin S ShmAD WM te Ml H ^ne.m j 

14 SPARkUNG JOtnr (R Partdns) J Scattn 8-1 1 A ““*25 

18 . 00 VALDOSTA fG Wftttm) C WMman Ml : R»7 

W Miss Marforie. 7-2 Flying SBanOy. Rva Sixes. 8-1 Sandfs Girl 10-1 Deep Taw, 
12-1 «nars. 


Highland Blaze 
and Greenall 
show the way 

By Brian Beel 

Highland Blaze stayed on too 
strongly for Paddy’s Peril in a 
competitive race for the Lady 
Dudley Cup for which ten 
started at the Worcestershire 
point-to-point on Saturday. 

It was soon apparent that 
Tanker was having an off day 
and with five fences to jump 
Paddy’s Peril poached a six- 
length lead from Peter GreenalL 
on Highland Blaze. 

Perhaps, if his rider, John 
Deutsch. had kicked for home 
and widened the gap, instead of 
being content with this margin, 
the result would have been 
different As it was Greenall 
worked bard on Highland Blaze 
and slowly narrowed the gap to 

g t in front just before the last 
nee and extend his lead to 
three lengths at the post 
This was Greenairs second 
win of the day - he had been 
successful on Sandicliffe Boy in 
the adjacent - so his total was 
increased to 14, now only one 
behind Mike Felton who had 
another blank day. 

A& Grand Harmony. Rrwt 
Oyde Has. Hunt CM Agpieiack. Opw j 

A0 LIGHT BROCADE STAKES (3-Y-O: fffies: El ,322: 1m) (20) 

RFT1A1F: Ai£ 
Oyde Has Hu 
Komarcft- Lad 
Ceram Lusry. 


333- B-H . . - 



2 /UBCRAFra (USA) M Kaskafl B HOs 8-11 U Wto IS 

3 AUMTETTYrttoewHenW Jftanoome B-11 S 1 

7 4D CB.nCDO«{WraV Pn») GPng! 811 

8 03223- SASA (J lioson) T Casey 8-11 - — JRwdli 

I 40-3 OQN NAS O REAM^P Jonraonj J Try 8-1 1 

10 EASTON LASS ( AHat**f}5 

« 4- nREAL»C VBBfa* HCert B-11 SCwftentt 

r| 000-0 NAOUwrSUAta BToytoOS Maitar8-11 — RFealO 

17 0-0 HARDY CHANCE [H KasfaQ B tfls 6-11 BT h e minn I 

19 40000- LACHttA IPMsfafalM McCon MCfc 8-11 rr - « Mowj 4 

20 000- LADY 8WfcP|MisGB*mlng)R Henron 8-11 V TbeeJ 

S S MSS BRAMSSpmraNPansfflPBufar 8-11 -A Proud 17 

5-2 fVBBL 4-1 Oesa Queen, B-1 Donnas Drawn, Sokolova, 8-1 Wtte It Lasts, 
Aircraft*. Young Hereto* 1Z-1 oB*r»- 

430 AVON HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £1,23& 5f) (14) 

4- nREALt»CVBBrt«H cert 8-11 

000-0 KACHWT^ (Ms B 


40000- LACBULA (P Maftofa) M McCcr Mt* 8-11 r ^- 
000- LADY 8WfcP|MtsGRemtog)R Hwwon 8-11. 
8 MSS BRAHMS g»3 N PanshjP B tfjar 8-11 — 

00000- HAUGHTY HGtfre (Lad» Neifion cl aaftCrt$M 

BERKS ANb BUCKS: Hunt: Spartan 
Onern. Adj t Maxnptoy. A4 H: White 
paper. Open; Ladnek. Ledte w Straits. 
Reae Brew Remark. Mon t Another 
Cantab. Mdn it Braasey's Copse. 
DARTMOOR: HwTO BuckamH. Ax*. 
Sandspnra. teen: Dtcfcro BUD. LacAeK 
Seel Marine. BFS& Grtden Smger. Mrte 

Rest Developers Rum. LadtoK Huh 
Poppa. Open Mbdhwvous Jack. A* Mr 
Metors. feta t Cwlton Vafay. Mn a 
Bold Fisher. 

Uf Lsxhain vww. Open t Laurensun. 
Open B: Tocodeso. Ladi e r Gotden Solo 
Rest Kensrone. Mda t Durttabrook. Hdn 
tfc GiansWe deny. 

Agent. Ady KMra Boy. Open; Cronnan. 
LwRes:H«'N Sax»y. Beat Cavakyman. 

2 243*0-3 CRESTA LEAP. Bj Ooi E Hantes) H Heenoi»8-7 

i «ss saiawtagsaMft^^-tBl 

I JSt. -"»g= 7 ; 

a ««"■ '.M 

10 SnaSS SS^Maiitefftowsi j bBSm —- — r — piamio 

II 0000-83 HOROUmgS KATE (G A Famdoq} R HoRBStwad B-5 PHW(7)10 

12 34QS20- TAYLORS TAVUMUUC (A Kiniaram M Tomqftra M — RHwj 
is fm- ««L4i 

10 OM cmagCHfariiJ 

1, 3444-DB IS* R Hoftnshead S-7 

12 833100- 

004- U»rt»lXK3 

S^2l« Hrttehead 8-7 A WNI 

20 ore- 

21 120388- 
32 440000- 
26 0000-12 

_ SCarthaal 
tives 12 


26 0M0M W^.^"3*. My ienfl« 7 aw. Teed Bore.: 


1... Xtwoiare Dream. 

RjrtL 6-1 Oil 
am. Gfeadrtil 

Cheemam) B Senna 7-13- — ___ RFg 6 

EACBltS Meatei) OODonnrtl 7-l2_ “j geb.W ? 

jbMTwiiD 0*0^7 GDkMell 

Pi*, hnpan Lass, iz-i'amere. 

MrtB Mugs Money. 

PENTYHCH: Hwt Rock Candy. Mfc 
SuScertus. Open: Team. Lart au Lada 
Trourte. Rest t Same Safa. Hast it 
Song Bra. lUQ I p 1: Q Bea Hdn M p 2; 
Warn ritqim. Mdn n p 1; BuOyeMn. 

Man U p 2l WRows Accouh 
SOUTH DORSET: Adt Abbey Perk. Hunt 
BramOie WBfk. Lartw Mufapnr. Open: 
SucAhom. Rest WhotyouM. A4J Rest 

1 E T COT T: Hint Benghazi Ererass. 
Open; Henry Lancaster, tartar Fishing 
Song. Rest Roodia Doodte: Adp Shanco. 
IUk Altarahrt. 

Hunt Are Tour. M£ Sonocrtie Boy. ■ 
Ope** Highland Base. L art ar Three 
Countias. Rest b Hignam Hifl. Rest H: Man 
Trash. WJa t Florence May. Mdn It 

TtSAiro FIXTURE: kK Vale, Stafford 
Xft»s (2.0). 


Going: good to soft 
Draw: low numbers best 

2.15 CONFLANS HANDICAP (3-Y-O: E2^78: 6ft (18 rurmera) 

2 0030-12 EXAMINATION (B)(0) |T Ramsden) A Bsley 9-7 

3 P002- MPUTYTlH(8liPTranaJBemelM W a&2kM 

4 424- WAVEAliQE (Srr M Sooefl) N Vigors 1U 

5 000-0 TOPE«A EXPRESS (USA| |S Yu jA Armsirong 9-5 -~~ li 

6 *014- TUMBLE FAIR rP Diaiiani M McCorniae* 9-3 I’ESSEm 

8 0B0M- HOPEFUU. DANCER {MrsjRagisnR Hannon 8-13 AMeGtoneM 

9 000-0 COUNT ALMA VIVA (J frermcejM BUnsnaM 8-13 -Rtee»“"!| 

11 4004 HAIL AMO HEARTY (Lott McAlOKtej R Sntyifi 8-12. P BWtoo ng 

12 100*0-0 ALICE HHJ. (T Ms) A inenam W*»na 

13 000- DELTA HOSE (Mrs F Kami C Barmaid 89 BROUfal 

14 11000- FANCY PAGES (RCoomie) Pat Mncns* 88 

16 0000- NORA'S BOY (J Parsons) S Woodman 87 LR yppP l.; 

17 0088 REBELL0U«>(B)jK0iif0en»CNWil'3ms87 GSara*” 

21 Dm- PEGASUS LADY (T O Donna*i P Biraoirne 8-*’ M WfrpMm Tg 

22 128 W1THAM GIRL (Wtmara Leisuej K Brassey 81 SMewertilS 

82 Exair>v>BWn..9-2 Waregutae. 11-2 Topeka Ertpreas. 7-1-TianWe Fair, 8-1 

Deputy Tun. Atace Hd. 12-1 VWft* MK», 14-1 Hopeful Dancer. 181 Otners 

Brighton selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Tumble Fair. 2.45 HOLYPORT VICTORY (nap). 3.15 
Armada. 3.45 Meziara. 4.15 Freedom's Choice. 4.45 Last Recovery. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.1 5 Examination. 3. 15 Sprpwston Boy. 3.45 Penllyne’s Pride. 4.15 
Cresta Auction. 4.45 Last Recovery. 

Michael Seely's selection: 4.45 Last Recovery. 

2.45 TOWN PURSE HANDICAP (£1,934: 1m 4f) (20) 

2 0*018 Mffi*»F(BHJB*J) A Moore 4-9-7 P Cook 9 

3 000082 DETMMT SAM (FRlfMra S faehur*) R AMnurat 5-9-5... GBcnerlS 

4 238*01 HOLYPORT VICTORY (DHnoiypori Bepostock) M Usher 

4-9-4 (46x) M IMrtran 13 

5 004000- THE TOWER <FR) (Urs V Dufteti) O Efsvoin 4-83 PMrfanwl 

7 100104J SUGAR PALM (B)(0) (FBwmR Hannon 882 AMcGfonall 

8 001008 TRUE WEIGHT (Mrs J Qmdyl M Maoqwirt 4-81 RCanerffllf 

9 010038 JANAAB (D) |P BnrxM) J Jenuns *-80. — S 

11 02000rt- FORT MaYEF (Lady Hemes) Laov Hemes 88-11 N Dare 8 

12 010038 WILD GINGER (D) (A Ross) D Duqwon *-811 BCnssatoy IB 

f3 112021- OKI STAR (OHJ novel ft Hoctges i-a-n GStartuyf 

17 20080 GORGEOUS PRINCESS IK Facnerj m Francs 4^6 S Wtntwortb IS 

18 010008 WCHGOWER (Mss 0 Downes) W Wigntman 9-8-6 B Bouse 2 

19 030008 PRIMROSE WAT |M Btan&nard) M Biansnam 884 R Cochrane 4 

2i 033080 aOREAT FLOREAT fP Citoey) G Gracey 483. WCaraonlJ 

22 0000*8 MUAS GOLF (0 Stokas) D Jenny 583 A Shouto (5) 7 

23 30Q/T80 ROYAL CRAFTSMAN (COj(«lnmini Mrs NSirom 583 — 3 

2* 000308 POOELLA (PM P Farmers LWISMeUx 481 TWttan»l2 

25 000*80 CROWN HONEST jAPaimeOR Hoioer *81 W Ryan 20 

26 030080 FLAME aOWER (B) (R Hafl) N Karnck 4-7-13__ R Street 10 

29 0000/13 TOPOR) (J Pe g*v) S Woooman 7-7-11 R Moran (5) 17 

11-4 Hotypart victory. 7-2 Oeiron Sam. 11-2 The Yonpar. 81 Kita Star. Sugar 
Palm. 181 Royal Craftsman, Topon. 12-1 Mips Golf. 14-1 others. 

3.15 PRINCE OF WALES STAKES (3-Y-O: £3^50: 1m 2f) (4) 

1 222-113 SPROWSTON BOY (D) (G Whrtmg) P Kaleway 89 Gey Krtie«ar(5)4 

2 1 ARMADA (K Aixiutta) G Hanrood 89 G&ertey 3 

11 000-0 SALES PROMOTER (Creawe MariranQl K Cunnmgfam-Broiwi 9-0. _ — -2 

13 22- WASSL REEF (She Ah A AI Manoum) JDiriop 80 : W Canon 1 

2-7 Armada. 82 WassI Reef. 181 Sprowston Boy. 581 Sates Promoter. 

3.45 PETWORTH SEUING HANDICAP (£1,019: 1m2f)(22) 

1 000048 MOONDAWNfM Usher) U Usher 8180 H Wigtam 9 

3 400083 GAMBART(B)(MJaye)B Stevens 4-8o RCarter(5)20 

4 M20-22 MEZIARA (B) (Cl (Mia Ltognam) A in^tam 584 L Rrgga (7) IS 

5 000308 UNDER THE STARS (L Bu*) R Akehurw *-84 G Baxter 4 

8 4000100 LORD BUTCH (C Kemp) R Heme 582 — 10 

9 302204- PENU.YNFS PRBE (S Sutrtfte) R Judies 582 — 21 

10 000308 TRACK MARSHALL (JOixnn)J Daws 481 MWMiamlT 

12 23104-0 TRUMPS (C-O) (D Huraaseo) R Smyth 6813 W Canon 2 

16 000484 TAME DUCHESS (A Taylort A Moore 489 PCootc 14 

HESS (A Taylor) A 

17 00008 GOLD HUNTER (8 G John) R Hodges 580 MFiyl 

18 0/00080 ROBERTS ORL(R Hodges) R Hodges 887 BCroutoyS 

22 0314-04 UMT TENT (Bl (Adas Terns) Mss B Sanders 886 G Sexton 5 

23 100(008 CHALET WALDEGG (A Ctappemn) D Gandotto 686 A McGtene 3 

24 300(008 HAVERS ROAD (A Canwngho W Moms 586 R Cochrane 19 

25 010/ RES»TER(W Kempt WArni* 585 C Rutter (5) 12 

26 30040-2 DANEDANCER (3) (Daneoury RaongJ A Cr*nngiM ,n -®rt*n „ . 

4-B-5S WhUwortn 7 

27 00040/ FiRE CHEFTAM (Miss S Gundy) M Madgrecfc 884 A Sfwrtts (5) 11 

30 000480 CAS8AR KJD (B) (Mre H Pitt) A ntl 584 I Saratoera (7) 16 

PCook 14 

000 1 UOBLE 

IAR KB (B) (Mre H Pttfl A Pitl 5-8 
E PHBJP (Concorde Btoodstodr) 

584 - I Saratoera (7) 16 

Chi D ODonoafl 984 A dark 13 

32 00000-4 MCAtRC (L Norman) D TrEker 584' —18 

33 010 CANDAULESlC James) C James 584 B Routed 

34 000-400 BLAUYS WIIME (D) (Mrs 0 Bafton) Pat Mtehefl 481 ^ — M MBer 22 

81 Meziara. 4-1 Danedancer. 81 Moondawn & Gambart 7-1 PenBytte's Pride. 18 

1 Trumps, 12-1 Tame Dueness. UnoTent 14-1 others. 


3 321218 FREEDOM’S CHOKE (USA)(T>) (O Phipps) J Durtop 487 WCanon2 

6 104011- HARSH HARRB»(USAffO(F HR) A Moore 584 PCook 13 

7 CLARANCES HOPE (Mount Haasam) N Cafagnan 59-0 MAMart 

9 021-0 DORSET COTTAGE (D) (Mrs S RandaN) W Jams 4-9-0 B Rouse 8 

11 0324/28 GIBBQU5M00N (J Moteron) D Mwray-Srnkh 4-94) S Whitworth 16 

12 M|ND 1HE TB4E (Mrs D Umov) J Jentnhs *80 - — 4 

13 ' 00 MOUNT ARGUS (J 

14 448000' MR MCGREGOR « 

J Watson)* 

M McCoun 4-98 — 

)H O' Nam 4-98 

S Whitworth 16 

— 4 

i fl Warnnam 5 

— 14 

17 12/03- PRESIDMM (LordHdeWakun)H Cert 4-80 Wflyan IS 

18 04/ ZELDA'S FANCY (Pnmeat Lad) H O'Neil T1 -9-0 — -9 

19 00/ ANGIES VIDEO (S Ma^» R Holder 481 1 — — — J_.. A Mcfca (7) 12 

21. D0O0D8 JXJLLYU Bvffl.A Moora 481 1 MMAgha«47 

23 110480 BOLIVIA IP Sangeter) M W Dicirat5pn50-4 CMcNamoe7 

25 041511 CRESTA AUCTION (D)(Mss H Gerara) G PmchardGotdoa 

581 G Carter (3)3 

26 3026-34 FOUZ (F Salman) P Cole 581 TOuraill 

27 0(0080 RETHYltetO tCapl M Lmray C BrVran 381 PflartnMo6 

28 821 GEORDiES DELIGHT (Sne4di Monammed) L Piggtxt 3-7-1 1 BCmateylO 
9-4 Geotows Dekgtn. 81 Cresta Auction. 4-1 Presidium. 81 Freedoms Choice. 

10-1 BokvtJ. Fouz. 14-1 Dorset Cottage, 16-1 others. .. 

4.45 ORLEANS MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-O: £959: 5f) (10) 

1 40 CHERRVWOOD SAM (Mrs R Smth) H O'Neil 98 — 1 

2 EASA (S SquiresJ M Tompfans 90 R Cochrane 3 

3 LITTLE KEY iMotraPieasam Contracts) NCafa^an 98 — M Thomas 10 

5 0 PRINCE MAC (BG«)W Kemp 9-0 . — 7 

6 4 RIMBEAUtGontanTroelertC Natal 98 A Clark 6 

9 DOWNSYIEW LADY (B Marsh) A Moore B-i i MWtgtenS 

11 QJUteS GRL (R M«helsen) K Brassey 8-1 1 S Whitworth 4 

12 3 LASTJtECOVERY(rRantsdan)Mflyan8t1 PftartnsonS 

13 LOMA BtEEZE (Roujvate Lid) P Kefaway 811 PCook 8 

15 0 PERKRUS (Mrs A Valentine) H Harmon B-11 — AMcGtoneS 

2 3 LAST RECOVERY (T Ramsden) M Ryan 51t PRo6*n*on9 

9 LOMA BtEEZE iRouivate Lid) P Kelleway 811 PCook 8 

5 0 PERKSRIS (Mrs A Valentine) H Hannon 511 — AMcGtoneS 

5-2 Last Recovery. 100-30 Rimbeau. 7-2 Glamls Girt 11-2 Loma Breera. 7-1 
Parigrro. 181 Easa. 181 Otners. 

Saturday’s results 

Sandown Park 

28 1. Risk Me (Evens lav); 2. Acquis- 
itive (4- Ik 3. Ouck Snap (182). 5 ran. NFL 

2-30 t. Shahrastani (2-1): 2, Bonhomie 
(7-4 fav): 3. Srrw (281). 4 ran. 

MO 1. PUraliKinn (181); 2. Buckbe 
(182): 3. ' Atck Beau (9-1); 4. I 
Haventakght (7-2 lav). 16 ran. NR: 

tt1 3^ , v n tiipreine Leader fl-2 tavk Z 
Iroko (81): 3. Ramrch John (181). 9 ran. 

4.10 i, Swift Trooper (7-2 favk 2. 
Simssm (81 1. 3. Terminaior (11-2). 10 ran. 

A40 1. Bridge Street Lady (11-4 lav). 2, 
Eacee Tree (81); 3. Crea Bay (11-1). 10 

5.15 1, Co ma n da n t e (815 favk 2. 
Momgomery 14-lk 3. Lordy Boy (33-1). 21 
ran. NR,- Godrva Bearings. 


2.0 1. Starttoo 15-6 lavfc Z Asftington 
Grove (281): 3. Top Range (181). 21 ran. 

230 1. setter Cooney i5-*tavk 2. Bmoo 
Queen (7-2), 3, Mr-On-My (8li B ran. NR: 

3.0 1. BoRn Kntght (11-21: 2. 
ShroatoBekb O MS 3, Homo Sapon (18 
11 fav). 10 ran NR: Cockawim. 

3J01.Swyntord Prince (281L 2. Fedra 
(4-1 jt-lav): 3. ftohaad (14-1) Dusty 
optomacy 4-1 n-lav. 15 ran. 

48 l. Jorteat (118 tark Z Smging 
Steven (6-t/; 3. Sever Ancona (6-1). 10 

430 1. State Budget (81); Z Balgownie 
(12-i k 3. Gumand (7-i ); 4, North Star 5am 
(33-1L Star 0< teetana 2-1 fav. 19 ran. 


230 1. Nutwood til (7-2): 2 Linn OTtoe 
(25-it: . 3. Bundukeya (10830). 
Sftarphaven 82 tav. 12 ran. 

3H 1. damming (7-1 c. 2. Laugh A Lor 
(7-4 tavL 3. Step On (281). 11 ran. NR: 
Anrnra Event. 

330 1. Double Bob (4-ik 2, Wessex 
(11-4 lav): 3. Sranwooa Boy (7-1). 9 ran. 

Nutwood Ul (7-2): 2 Linn OTtee 
3. Bundukeya (10830). 

43 1. My k na rtnaiion (Evens tav); 2. 
Wiganthorpe (81^ 3, Harry Hunt (7-1). 7 

r3 4J0 1. SrthTs Choice (181k 2. 
EasTrtot* (81), 3. Wa Tunes (Evens lav). 
9 ran. 

5.0 1. Marine Plata (17-2): Z Atoen Ha8 
(5-4 tavk 3, Knyt (4-1). 10 ran. NR. 


2.15 1. Kmegar Km (114); Z Dingbat 
{8ik 3. Cara (fa lav). 10 ran. 

245 1. HiTech Boy |8l). 2. Terra Dl 
Siena (1 2-11. 3. Wise Ma(or (20-1). Forever 
Mo 7-4 tav. 9 ran. 

X20 1, The Thinker (81k 2, 
Permywasw (581k 3. Greenfiank Para 
ii2-l 4. Laurence Ramrter (12-1L RolLA- 
Jomt 7-2 tav. 16 ran. NR: Sonny May. 
Pnncrty Can 

43 1. Ardtsee [7-2 tav): 2. Bridgetown 
G>H 16-2): 3, Randomly (81) 10 fan. NR: 

430 1. Areenmoor (12-1): 2. Jade And 
Diamond () 1-« far/. 3. Merry Jane (7-2). 8 

53 1. State Diplomacy <84 favk 2. 
Masterly <4-1* 3. Jus? A HaJf 13-1). ID ran. 


2.15 1. Binguifrl); 2. Duncombe Pnnce : 
(5-2): 3. Coeur Vaitent (4-1). Preoen Fur 7- 
4 fav. 6 ran. 

2.45 1. FWwon u w (1-2 favk 2. 
Pteogdon Green (33-1 1. 3 HoBn Bam (28 

3.15 1. Bronze Head (12-1): Z Mighty 
Marie (15-8 tavk 3. Gunnewtn (12-1). 23 
ran. NR: Be Frank. 

8451 Secret Lake (182k Z Chi Mai (8 
Ik 3. Teuoar (81). Chipcnasa 2-1 lav. 6 

4.15 1. Stoeander (81k 2. Parted 
tmage (14-1): 3. Cape Farewes (7-1). 
Mearln 4-7 lav. 9 ran. NR: (Home Palmar. ■ 

4.45 1. Doughty Rebel (2 81); Z Spud , 
Tamson 114-11. 3. B«y Tortn (l8i). ! 
Warwick Srme 811 fav. 13 ran. 


Boldness in 
success for 

By Rex Bellamy 
Tennis Correspondent 
French players have made a 
good start in the Lawn Tennis 
Association’s five-week spring 
circuit- Thierry Pham, who» 
unexpected surname comes 
fromTviemamcse . father- 
the mert'5 smgles id .the Hr* 1 
tournament at Hampstea^ 

Pascale Etchemendy wonihe 

women's stnglw in the second 
tournament, beating Helena 
Olsson. of Sweden; b - v ^ 7 * 5 al - 
Queen’s Oub on Sawnday. 

Miss Eichemendy. aged l^ts 
5ft 10in talL She was born near 
Biarritz, which is almost tnsepa^ 
table from Bayonne, fee itoj 
that gave its name to. Uje 
bayonet. Gascony was also lb? 
birthplace of a famous sword* 
man. tTAnagnan. Wnh such 
traditions to inspire her it is 
hardly surprising that Miss-. 
Etchemendy plays a boW game^ 
She hits hard and deep, is 
particularly effective on ibe 
forehand, and can improvise a 
left-handed return on her usu- 
ally two-fisted backhand. 

Miss Etchemendy. who was 
on target consistently enough to 
overpower the smart but slow 
Miss Olsson. who is too hefty to. 
reach the standard her court-' 
craft suggests, should be within 
reach. Miss Olsson comes from 
Uppsala, between the Baltic and 
the Gulf of Bothnia, and is 
among 16 Swedish women spliL 
into three categories under a 
development scheme sponsored 
by Volvo. . '■ 

There was no men s final 
because John Frawley's shoul- 
der trouble was so bad that he. 
decided to withdraw from the 
circuit and go home to Queens- 
land. That .gave Denys 
Maasdorp, of South Africa, the 
fust prize. The most successful 
men in the first two weeks have 
been Maasdorp, Pham, Frawley. 
Alfonso Gonzalez (a Mexican 
who lives in Antwerp) and three 
British players, Andrew Castle, 
Stephen Botfield and Mike 
Walker. The leading women 
have been Miss Etchemendy. 
Catrin Jexell and Miss Olsson 
(both Swedes). Jane Wood (Brit- 
ain) and Digna Ketelaar 

The remaining tournaments 
will be at Sutton (beginning 
tomorrow). Bournemouth and 
Lee-on-Solent The circuit is 
costing the LTA about ££0.000. 
In addition British Home Stores 
put £8.000 into the Hampstead 
event. Bournemouth. Corpora- 
tion has allocated £2.000 to iis 
local tournament, and there is 
further support from Dewhursts 
(butchers) and Dexters (soft 

In short, the circuit inaugu- 
rated last year, is beginning to 
attract t he sponsorship -such an 
expensive venture needs. The 
point of it is to provide rising 
players with experience .. and 


Milovsorov in 
a heartening 
run for Tipton 

By Pat Botcher 
Athletics Correspondent - 

Tony Milovsorov, the son ofa 
Soviet wartime emigre, had one 
of the best runs of a steadily 
improving athletics career on 
Saturday. He not only ran the 
fastest long leg of the day in the 
National 12-stage road relay in 
Sutton Park. Birmingham, 
becoming one of the few to dip 
under 25 minutes - which he 
did by one second — for the lap 
of five miles 706 yards, but his 
effort on the eleventh stage also 
gave Tipton Hamers the de- 
cisive push which took them 
away from their perennial Mid- 
lands rivals. Birchfield. Tipton's 
victory was their third in 
successionand for the second 
year running Birchfield and 
Gateshead were second and 
third respectively. 

The best weather since 1980 
helped produce a spate of fast 
limes, one of which was the 25 
min lb see for a "very pleased” 
Dave Moorcroft. who took his 
Coventry club from 23rd ' tb 
eighth oh the fifth stage. But that 
was still some way off 
Moorcroft's lap record of 24mm 

Including his excursions in 
the Midlands 12-stage relay at 
the same venue. Milovsorov has 
a collective time over the last 
five years for his six best short, 
legs and six besr long legs (the 
composition of the relay) of 3hr 
57min 28see. which is better 
than Bristol’s race record of 4hr 
Omin 37see set six years ago. It 
has all been achieved since his 
worst long lap ever, 27m in in 
1 97$. which came one ' week 
after an exploratory heart opera*! 
tion. following which doctors 
told him to stop running or risk 
sudden death. 

| «s sn&iZ. :. 


l p^T7?^ 

■ SUNDAY 3RD AUGUST Big Match starts 6pm. 

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irRS** * -8*- 


squeeze life out of Wasps 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 





. boy David, clad in the 
bwdc of Wasps, cast a mighty 
pebble at Goliath at Twicken- 
ham on Saturday. There the 
biblical analogy ends because 
the giant rose to his feet once 
more and, with ponderous 
tmad, -squeezed- the life out of 
the North -London challengers 
to ensure the retention or die 
John Player Special Cup far 
the third successive year. 

Even When Wasps had 
soared into a 13-0 lead after 25 
minutes the thought never 
occurred that Bath had not the 
capacity to come back. They 
dm so, but not at their best (for 
which Wasps must take sub- 
stantial creditX retying on 
mutual . self confidence, the 
tech nical and physical 
strength of their fbnrards for 
victory by three goals, a try 
and a penalty goal to a goal, 
two tries and a penalty. 

- Bath's treble, matching 
Leicester’s between 1979 and 
1981, must receive due credit 
before Wasps's glorious fail- 
ure. It is a quite outstanding 
achievement which has in- 
volved — or so it seemed on 
Saturday — most of the city. 
The press box shook its collec- 
tive bead at the sight of Bath's 
international back division so 
completely unemployed, but 
that was. to lose sight of Bath’s 
aims and ambitions. 

Richard Card us, the Wasps 
captain, was nearer the mark 
when he said: “They played 
their game better than we 
played ours." But what a game 
Wasps produced. They took 
everything fete could offer — 
the loss of five players in the 
weeks before the cup final: of a 
sixth, Kendall, the corner- 
stone of their pack on the 
morning of the game with 
meajles (he may also have a 
strained calf muscle); and 
finally of Bates, their scrum 
half, with a broken forearm 34 
minutes into the game. 

His replacement, the 21- 
year-old Balcombe, was mak- 
ing his first appearance in the 
senior! side, but it was another 
Harrovian who caught the eye: 
England's selectors should 
make sure that Gareth Rees 

takes up the qualification an 
English mother gives him 
before that of his Welsh father 
or Canadian birthplace. His 
vision for the game makes 
him an outstanding prospect 
and he will still be only 23 
when the projected 1991 
world tournament comes 

One of the best things in the 
final was Rees’s long pass m 
deep defence to Stringer and if 
Bailey had not had to reach 
behind him for the pass he 
might have got round Martin 
with a clear field ahead. Rees 
defended well, his kicking is 
improving and his passing was 
critical in the two splendid 
tries scored by Wasps within 
three minutes of each other, 
the second, by Pellow which 
began in Wasps 22 and in- 
volved timing, speed and 
perception, will not be im- 
proved upon in any cup game. 

The Wasps back row also 
played superbly and if Pegler, 
another West Countryman, is 
picked out Rigby and Rose 
were not far behind But Bath, 
digging deep into their re- 
serves of character, hauled 
themselves out of a substan- 
tial hole; at 13-7 down at the 
interval they were back in the 
match and five minutes later 
they were level. 

They did not get the antici- 
pated lineout dominance, but 
they spread Wasps’s first 
scrum over the landscape and 
the discipline of their loose 
play is illustrated by the award 
of only three penalties to 
Wasps, while eight went 
Bath's way, though three of 
them were for collapsed 

Yet the Wasps front row 
survived, thanks in no small 
way to the former 21-year-old 
England Colt. Holmes, at 
loose head and their resur- 
gence may account for the 
outburst of punching in the 
second half, which led to 
warnings for Redman and 
Simmons and lectures from 
the captains to their respective 
teams. The referee said 
afterwards: 44 ! told the captains 
that if they could not control 
their men then they could go 
and we would have two 
captains who could I thought 
that when they told their 
players it would reduce the 
heat because nobody would 

Bates is compressed by Bath's Hall ami Simpson at Twickenham (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

want to be responsible for 
having his captain dismissed 
It worked" 

With Barnes on the field 
with a broken toe and Palmer 
with a painful groin strain, 
Bath were in no doubt about 
the game they had to play. It 
was nine-man rugby, which 
exposed the chinks in Wasps's 
otherwise well-ordered ar- 
mour, Hill nagging away be- 
hind his forwards, of whom 
Simpson and Morrison were 
quite outstanding. The ball 
went down their line in the 
first five minutes and the last, 
otherwise it stayed light as a 

Swift, who played for Swan- 
sea in two losing Welsh cup 
finals, crossed from a well 

rehearsed blind ride move and 
Trick, after three failures by 
Palmer, took over the place 
kicking as to ihe manner bom 
(he may have thought it was 
the only way to get his hands 
on the bail). SpurrelL, from a 5- 
metre scrum. Hill from a 
marvellous rolling maul 
which covered 40 metres, and 
Simpson, again from a scrum, 
scored the tries which carried 
Bath away, leaving Wasps to 
apply the final sting through 

Though the crowd of some 
23,000 was a long way short of 
the record cup final atten- 
dance of three years ago. this 
game was second only in 
calibre to the 1983 Bnstol- 

Leicester match. Its impor- 
tance in terms of the 
development of a Wasps team 
of great potential is hard to 
overestimate but Bath, like no 
other team in England, win 
when it matters. 

SCORERS: Bath: Tries: Swift, 
Spurred Hitt, Simpson. Corner 
suns: Trick (3). Penalty: Trick. 
Wasps: Tries: Stringer, Pa Bow, 
Balcombe. Conversion: Stringer. 
Penalty: Stringer. 

BATH: C R Martin; D M Trick, J A 
Palmar (captain). S J HaWday. A 
Swift; S Barnes, R J Hfll; G J 
CtiHoott, G Daws, M R Lee. R A 
Spurrefl. J Morrison, N C Redman, J 
P Hall, P D Simpson. 

WASPS: N C Stringer; S T Smith, R 
M Card us (captain), R Pellow, M D 
Bailey; G L Rees, S M Bates (rep P 
Balcombe); G Holmes, A Simmons. 
J A Probyn, M Rigby. J Bonner, M C 
F Pirmegar, D Peggler. M A Rose. 
.Referee: F A Howard (Liverpool}. 

How the Bostick 
hands lost grip 

' ^T don't know which one was 

the nker or the more surprising. 

The: sun had got his hat on for 
the first time in about 18 
tombs, which was joy eaosgh. 
batto make things better and yet 
more improbable, I watched a 
rugby match in which gergeoas, 
beate-tifting tries were sawed at 
immense pace by men with 360 
degree vision. Bostick hands and 
soaring nrftgintfnii- 

And this was not even ragby 
got op in its party gear of sevens, 
this was the John Player Cop 
final, the new, frightfully vulgar 
and splendidly enjoyable climax 
of die dab rugby season. Bath, 
twice the winnars, were the 
mighty favonrites: Bath, of all 
places. Yon expected London to 
be quailing under an invasion of 
creaky colonels and decayed 
gentlewomen, all ap for the day 
from their Nash temces, madly 
braadishing antimacassars hi 
team colours and pelting the 
referee with stale rock bans 
pnrioined from the Pomp Room. 

It was Wasps who were the 
nkore piquant. Bath favoured 
rugby of the glacier variety; slow 
bat crashing. Their rambling, 
grumbling pack was knocked 
sideways by 13 points all in a 
burst, all the result of wisphUy 
ila«hhig anti-glacial running and 

" It was not to last. In the end 
the Bath pack started ro lling 
forward. This was net a swift 
process, but it was desperately 
sore. With an immensely devel- 
oped taste for physical 
confrontation, and none at all [for 
the things of the imag i n ati on , 
the Bath pack took on two teams 

Cardiff rediscover form to 
star in spectacular finale 



at once and won. They made sure 
that the Wasps never touched 
the hall and, with awesome 
dedication, they fooght off every 
attempt by tbeir own 
threequarters to fay hands on 
the damn thing as welL 
They rolled on the ball, they 
pushed it, they trampled an it, 
they kicked it, they spat on it, 
they Mt It Occasionally, sane- 
one forgot himself so for as to 
pick it up: then everyone pushed, 
trampled, kicked and otherwise 
propelled h im up the field. Every 
now and then someone broke 
into a trot, hot this was to co ur t 
social ostracism. 

Naturally, this aO made for a 
cracking game of football, with 
Wasps desperately trying to 
repel the forces of darkness that 
gnutuaDy overwhelmed them. It 
was a trifie disappointing to see 
the forces of die imagina fen go 
down, bat this is the way of 
things, and one gets osed to it 
For of coarse, Bath were 
thoroughly appropriate winners. 
The fleet-footed, the dashing 
and the skilled were brooght 
down by a bunch of slow, fot, 
sedentary fellows who weren’t 
much good at throwing the ball 
or catching it, let alone anything 
so exhatsting as running with ft. 
If yon are going to have an event 
sponsored by a cigarette com- 
pany, yon couldn't imagine more 
appropriate winners. 

By Gerald Davies 






And, at last, after months of 
dreary experience, did not the 
sun shine? Was it not after all 
the first day of blue skies that 
could property be called ihe 
spring? And in tune with these 
delights, did not Cardiff play 
like a dream? They did and they 
all came together on a cup final 
day that worthy of the name. 
After a series of shabbily dis- 
appointing finals this one flour- 
ished spectacularly. 

On this occasion Newport 
may not have played as they 
themselves would nave wished, 
the bounce and the decision 
often going against them, bui, 
whatever ine excuses, they were, 
if they cared to admit, up against 
a learn who suddenly and 
surprisingly recaptured Lhe kind 
of style which beat Bath on New 
Year's day, but which had 
eluded them thereafter. 
Cardiff's second half may noi 
have been as sharp as their first, 
but they were on song and it was 
their day to succeed brilliantly 
to defeat their old rivals by three 
goals, a uy and two penalties to 
three goals and a penalty. 

Apart from the occasional 
flurry by Collins and Powell and 
the brilliant individualism of 
Turner, who had a marvellous 
game. Newport were not al- 

lowed to settle down to' their 
forward rhythm. Cardiff with 
Scott playing a maturely mea- 
sured game, were confidently in 
charge. Tactically, they stole the 
show. Newport wanted to play it 
dose. Cardiff beforehand ap- 
peared to want to do the same 
but, from the kickoff ' they 
spread the ball about to get-away 
from Newport's forward grip. 
They succeeded. Newport reeled 
backwards at the onslaught in 
the first half. Roberts had an 
immense game, so did Golding. 
And Davies, against his most 
feared opponent, Powell, was, 
despite hitting the upright 
successively with dropped goal, 
penalty and conversion at- 
tempts, was in immaculate 
form. O’Brien had the game of 
his life. Ring and Donovan ran 
and probed, Hadley got three 
tries. Newport, although they 
ended with a flourish, tailed to 
cope with Cardiff s options. 

After attacking Newport's line 
in the fourth minute, following 
charges by Roberts and O’Brien. 
Davies, with a touch of genius, 
noticing the flat blanket defence, 
chipped the ball wide to his 
open side wing for Hadley to 
collect the kindest of bounces 
for the first try. Davies con- 
verted this, as well as kicking 
another penalty. Although New- 
port replied when Pin collected 
his own upwind-under in a 
confused Cardiff defence to 
score a try, which Turner con- 

Final ends all square 

Calculating winners 

■The end of the rugby season 
xrrives accompanied by a fever- 
ish rush for electronic cal- 
culators as the various merit 
tables reach their climax (Bryan 
Stiles writes). It is a delight for 
the statistically-minded rugby 
follower, but a positive pain to 
those who thought success was 
limply a matter of winning 
nore .matches than rhe 

Jr ?he new John Smith's Merit 
rable B leaders are Orel! after 
their 10-3 away victory over 
on Saturday, but these 
two dubs will have to wait until 
next Saturday after the northern 

side play Coventry in another 
top of the table encounter to 
discover which two of the three 
of them will secure promotion 
to table A. 

There is another finely bal- 
anced situations the bean of 
the country, where it was 
thought by some statisticians 
that Leicester had already won 
the Midlands merit table. Un- 
fortunately for them their great 
rivals. Moseley, have a re- 
arranged merit table game with 
Nuneaton on Wednesday and 
that will decide which club takes 
the laurels. 

Tbe final of the Lancashire 
Cup at Fylde yesterday ended in 
a 9-9 draw with Vale of Lune 
scoring two dropped goals and a 
penalty to Preston 
Grasshoppers’ convened pen- 
alty try and penalty (Michael 
Stevenson writes). 

Tbe power of both packs 
tended to cancel each out in a 
game played at a frantic pace, 
which was a credit to both 
teams, but Vale finished the 
stronger and looked as if they 
would snatch victory. They led 
after 20 minutes through a 
dropped goal by Glover and 
immediately a penalty by 
Higgin stretched their lead, but 
jus* before half-time Ralston 
was caught offside and obstruct- 
ing Preston, tbe Grasshoppers' 

left wing. A penalty try was 
awarded and Kerry converted, 
and the same player added a 
penalty when Grasshoppers 
were penalized for tackling a 
man without the ball 
There was some exhilarating 
play in the second half, but the 
only points came from a second 
dropped goal for Vale, kicked by 

SCORERS: Volt Of Lome Dropped 0 oatK 
Glow. KVtoy. Pmltr ~ 

awshoppor* Penally try. 

OF LUNE: A Biggin; M Meteor. M 
. J On. I WnteWrtlT Gtover. T Baker; 
hams, J Ashworth, S GUL S Hodgson. 
K Graham, L Dent M Brown, p Worirong- 

Sayie. B Amman. S Story. M Preston; K 
Aitctnson, IWnght: $ Sherlock. L Ross, D 
Hornby, N Laemna C Coot A Wy*w. M 
Parker, p McDowell (mp; R Dranstete). 
Referee; BA Riley (Liverpool and District). 

- verted, another superb forwani 
thrust for Cardiff allowed 

• O'Brien to run in for a try, with 
Davies again adding the extra was a brilliant first half. 

Davies and Tinner exchanged 
penalties in the second half 
before Cardiff produced 
marvellous manoeuvre in mid- 
field by. Ring. Donovan and 
Rayer which was so dean cut 
that Hadley was able to canter 
easily over from 30 metres. The 
uy was convened by Davies. 
Appropriately for Newport both 
their tries were scored by the 
two men who had contributed 
so much to their game. Turner 
scored a scintillating individual 
try, while Collins charged over 
from a short penalty dose to 
Cardiff's line. These were con- 
verted by Turner. 

SCORERS: Cardiff: Tries: Hadley 
O’Brien. Cww ra tonK W G Daws 
PanaMeroWG tanas (21 Newport Tries: 
Pitt. Turner, Courts. Convers i ons: Turner 
Gft. PanaUeK Turner. 

CARDffR M Rayer G ConSe, A J 
Donovan. M Ring, A M Hadley; W Q 
Davie*. N O’Brien; J MINMOOt, A J PNM 
(captain). i Bdmea O OoMmo. K Edom 
R L Nonaer, G J Roberts, J F Scott. 
NEWPORT: R Knwtic M Banon, D PM. P 
Daroal J White; P Turner, N Caferd: J 
Rawins.MJ Wattcais (captain). R Morgan, 
R Grins, J Wlddecombe. A Fanil R 
Fowl*. D Waters. 

Referee: K Rowlands (Ynysybwf). 

• Gareth Davies, tbe Cardiff 
and former Wales staud-offhalC 
said after the match: ‘That’s 
possibly my last big game. I'D go 
on Cardiff’s tour of Canada next 
month and then 1 think l'|] call it 
a day.” 

Final order of 
the boot 

All 24 points in tbe Leinster 
senior cup final at Lansdowne 
Road on Saturday between 
Black Rock College and 
Landsdowne came from the 
boots of tbe respective stand-off 
halves (Geoige Ace writes). 
Lansdowne won 1 5-9 with 
Dileer landing four penalties 
and a drop goal to three pen- 
alties by Coakley. 

Al Thomond Park. Limerick, 
Shannon defeated Garry own 
17-6 to win the Munster cup 
final. Elsewhere Bangorwound 
up tbeir centenery celebrations 
with a 29-18 win against the 
Irish President's XV at 
U prichard Park. 



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flayrts 6 , Boston Rad Sot ft Toronto 

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Browara ll ._ Texas J- 

>nd AtfMOCK It. Sssfflte Manners 2 . 

nrfr. cSevaand I mtena 3 . 
a t Panted «*£* * *** 
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jTcwot-cuos 2 111 nit Pntete- 
Pmttes 4; Houston 
riCtoraJ Rail: Aflana Braves 4, 

MULTIPART LEAGUE: Bangor City 1 . Goals 
ft CtnOn 0. Buaon 0 
OOU LQSOUE: Bam ft Runoom 1; Bjmu 1. 
Scartxrougn 0 . 

SOUTHS* LEAGUE: Proeitar rtvteore 
Fanfnm 2 . VMennal 0 SmM tete tet 
Riaskp 4, Patcn aswr 1 : Tontmgs 2. Trow- 
bridge 1 . 




D Lowe 


Club Oreo 
1 , R Nortfew (Boost! 

.151: 2. Lieutenant Commander 
1.14ft 1 D Levans (Wembteyl. 




HOUSTON: Homton Opair TMid^mnd l«cd- 

a scom (US unless saiKO: 20ft T Watson, 
68. Bft J Hus. 8ft 70. 67. C Perns. KLm 

(GB). Sft 69. 7ft 20ft C Slranoe. 7T. 6ft GB. 
hfkO Edwards, 73. 71, 86: C S«asr. 69. 7ft 
a- 72. 72 : M phob (Sal 

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I nmst 1, P 

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LEAGUE CUP: Cradey Heem 
Swmdon 44. Kvxp Lynn 34; 
Pwtfng 3ft Bnowd 3ft (p* 
Vue 49. wo ewrf iam p ton 29. 
3ft State 45. MMertml 3ft 


8. 61: T Scteuer^eraen (Den) M D Spe nce 
(US) fK 5-1: C Ta my jFfLWL Dnaow 
(SmU 8-3. 6 ft SemMkteK Sdwuer-U/wi 
a TanvwrSft Bft BugtaMGiOenteawTft 

QUESTS CLUB: BMnst Cupr PraSntaaiy 
round Bran nt France 54) (A C Lowl M D 
Grosdanovteii 6-1. 60. 6-1: J P Snow tx B 
Salangiw 6-1. 66. 6-ft Low* and J 0 Ward M 
Grosdanoweft and P Sartmu 6ft M. fra 
Snow m GtBsoanwittn 6-t, 6-0, 6ft ward M 
B Swfanguo 64). 61. 64k U«ad Stans « 
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6. Ml 5ft. 6ft R H owe M 0 BrateSd 6ft 6- 
1. 6-ftMcCofcan and G BaB bt M Hayward 
and Bradford 64. 6-4. 6ft: Howe lost la 
Happen 2-6. 2ft Baa M Hayward 6ft Sft. 
Hnal round: Britan M Unfed Statu 3-1 
Snow M Howe 6-4. 6-1. 6* Dean lost » 
McCteun 6-4. 64. M, SM: Lonfl and Dean 
M Hm end Bel 6-1, 64). 6ft Lotel « Bel 6- 

COPEMMGEft European C hi rac*" ** *) 

[Balogon 201 & Group & Danmark S3. 
Cypros 51; Auarta 84. EngM 60; Auouis 7ft 
Uaernbowu 6ft England 74 (gpatf 19). 


(NBA); Play-offs: A t lan ta Hawks 114. Detnx 
Pistons 1 13 (Ha«4a mo beatof-flva senes 3- 
Mnercta 117. Utah Jazz 113 
ww 3-1 J; Houston Roctets 128. 
Nuggets ns (Houston teed tft 



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MM HiBii p oMlkp; fktih 82: R 

Hawnwi t af and A Snwv*> (14). 64: R 

Sknmonds (Mi mfl m Mazeu (13) 


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KM Finn; P Semeraro 47.7. 470; 4 

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NORTH AMERICA: Nettete Lems (HfflJ; 

Ptsy-offo Catgary 4. Eonwnton i Ktegery 
lend 3-2 in tetHNerai senate Stlflute 4, 
Torom 3 (aet St Louis lead 3ft- 
MOSCOW: Wortd rt mteun tetaK Mutt 
iwnfc Sovte Union S, FHsnd ft Sweden 6, 
Canada 5. PtSiMHt group ler(teeae 5ft 
CaeenoskiuaieB 3, Weet Germany i:Czedm- 
ilft Urweo' 


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Ma raaenusseB; usftteet 

Uroon. 1968 pts; Uratod Btates!rat7 

MOBBW. IWy; WwWsmrtesb L TN^ar 


Baft 4.662. Tame 1. W Genmm. 15.158; Z 
BntaiL 15.111; PolanL 14,751. MU Uam- 
Uy: 1. HoHngton.flBWl 2B90C 2. PurUn. 7S>2: 


feel the 
of Rice 

By Ivo Tennant 

TRENT BRIDGE: Nottingham- 
shirk, with aU their second 
innings wickets in hand, are 33 
runs ahead of Hampshire. . 

In conditions that favoured 
all bowlers other than those of 
extreme pace, Hampshire found 
runs hard to come by for much 
of the day. Boosted ultimately 
by an unbroken stand of 67 
between Bobby forks and 
Rajcsh Mara, they declared 24 
behind to try to fashion a 
positive result today. 

. It was a cool, hazy day 
conducive to swing. Rice 
bowled very differently from in 
South Africa during the winter, 
keeping the ball well up to the 
bat at little more than medium 
pace. It was with a full toss that 
he dismissed Greenidge in his 
first over, the batsman missing a 
dip to leg. 

Rice then had Terry nicely 
held at first slip as he went to 
drive. Chris Smith was taken 
there too, this time by Rice 
himself off Cooper, whose fine 

and length were as impress ve as 

his figures would suggest. 

It was questionable whether, 
in such conditions, defence was 
the best form of attack. Nicholas 
look an hour over his first three 
runs while Robin Smith opted 
to drive anything short or over 

S titched — Hemmings was swept 
or six and the fester bowlers 
driven to the short boundary in 
front of the Parr stand. - 
Smith reached his SO off 100 
balls with seven fours, before be 
was surprised by Cooper’s extra 
lift No one doubts he has the 
ability to play for England: he 
needs now to emphasize it with 
a weight of runs. 

Other than forks, only Mar- 
shall then made much of a score. 
The majority of runs in a 
partnership of 55 from 18 overs 
with Nicholas were his. Rice 
took his wicket, too, caught and 
bowled .and the Hampshire cap- 
tain. having lasted 38 overs for 
23 by means of admirable 
concentration, received a simi- 
lar delivery from Cooper which 
he spooned to short leg. 

There was a fair crowd at 
Trent Bridge since spectators 
were admitted free to encourage 

NOrrMGHAMSHmE: Fir* Innings 265 (C 
E B RA» 78. R T Rottnson 66; rTmou 4 
tar 71) 

Second Innings 
BC Broad not am 


Hardie provides 
Essex backbone 

By Richard Streeton 

EDCBASTON: Warwickshire, last summer.- B ®!S r 'a ^wer 
with all their second innings minutes. kfesoftbe 

^Albjl^Bwxter. Ihe Australian 


■behind Essex. wicket that nobody dse r man- 


« «h UHIUI utwih stutno hit as be tnea to u«i 

most attractive inmngs for Es- ^ ^ « him off 

sex yesterday but it was a dour 
81 by Hardie which provided 
the backbone to their totaL 
Pringle led a late rally by the 
tailenders to check 
Warwickshire's attack after they 
threatened to give their side a 
first-innings lead. 

For most of the day tbe Essex 
batsmen, other than Border, 
found it hard to go through with 
their shots on a slow pitch. 
Warwickshire's .five seam 
bowlers, who included two 
promising newcomers in Mifian 
and M union, were often able to 
swing the balL 

Handle’s unglaraorous but 
effective qualities were tailor- 
made for the circumstances. 
When he was fourth out in 
Gifford’s first over after tea, 
Hardie had batted four and 
threequarters hours without giv- 
ing a chance. 

Prichard wasHandie’s partner 
in a staunch second wicket stand 
after Gooch-fell to the first ball 
of the day. Gooch had rung 
down the curtain on Saturday 
with three successive fours from 
Small's final over. Now be felled 
to offer a proper stroke to a 
breakback from McMillan. 
Warwickshire’s new signing 
from South Africa. 

McMillan also yorked Prich- 
ard in tbe last over before lunch 
which brought m Border, bris- 
tling with determination and a 
beard grown since we saw him 

tbe pitch. . , . . 

Mumon, who is making his 
championship debut, added 
three feel to his 6ft 5tn with a 
celebratory leap ip lhc «r. 
Formerly with Leicestershire, 
Munton always maintained a 
good line. 

Hardie and Fletcher were out 
in successive overs after tea. 
Prio&le found gaps with sensible 
strokes afid Raster and Lever 
were his main helpers os Essex 
secured iheir fourth batting 
point and then declared. 

WARWICKSHIRE: First fnrtngs Z7t for 8 
dec (PA Sffritii86) 

Second Innings 
T A Lloyd notout — 

R I H B Dyer not ou: 

Total (no tea). 



_ 18 

G J Lord, D L Amiss. t€ w HtsupagB. B M 

MduUan. PA Sm»L G J Parsons, G C 
Smsfl. T A Munton and Tl GtHord. 
ESSEX: First brings 

*G A Gooch Ibw b MclM&rt If 

B R Hante Ibw b GHtord 81 

PJ Prichard bMcMttan 38 

A ft Border b Mutton 3* 

K W R Hatcher b Smith 31 

D H Prtngte no* out ga . --~ « 

A WLUey at Hunpsgeb Gifford 3 

tD E East c Lord bSnal 12 

N A Foster b Small — if 

JK Lew not out Jj 

Exerss(b14,w2,nb6) 22 

Total (8 «*Ma dec. 99 own) 303 

J K Law Hid D L AcfieU to bat. 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-17. 2-99. 3-154. *■ 
212. 5-220. 6-231, 7-244. 8-279. 
BOWLING: Smsfl 22-3-58-2: McMOen 23- 
5-64-2; Parsons 15ft63ft Munton 14-4- 
37-1; GHtord 17-5354 Smith 8-0-44-1. 
Bonus points: Wvwteksttu 6. Essex 7. 
Umpires: K J Lyons and B J Meyer. 

By AlaH Gibson 

RT Robinaon notout 
Extras (to 1) 

Total (no wfcQ . 


DW Randal, "C EB Rico. P Johnson. JD 
Efoch. R J Hadee. |B N French, E E 
Hgnmlngs, K E Cooper and J A AHprd to 

HAMPSHIRE F ir st tontoos 

" J b Rica - • 21 

. e Breed b Hh» 14 

R A arid) c Randan b Cooper 50 

C LSmthe Rice b Cooper ft 



c Randati b Coopor 

c Rice b Cooper 

*M C J Nichotes c Johnson b Cooper 23 

M D Marshal c end b Rice 35 

N G Cowley tow Rice 4 

TM Tremlett c Johnson bHadtae 5 

+RJ Partes 
R JMarun 

not out. 

Extras (b 3. b 5.w l.nb3) 
Total (8 wKts dec) 

_ 17 
„ 12 

Score at 100 ovwk 209 for 8 

C A Connor rtd not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-37. 242. Sffl. 4- 

100, 5-155. 6-159. 7-168. 8-174 

BOWUNG: Hadlaa 184-54-1: Cooper 24- 

18383; Rica 17-4-544; HaraninBS 21-8- 

24-0; Aflord 28-9-713. 

Bonus points: NoWnghanahira 6, Hamp- 
shire 6, 

Umpires: R Jtdan and O O Ostaor. 

TAUNTON: Yorkshire have 
seared 183 for two against 

On Saturday, in bright sun- 
shine. there was no play. This 
irritated a few of the rider 
brigade, especially as there was 
no cider either, but it was a 
reasonable decision, for the 
ground was like a squab pie 
which had been dropped into a 
water butt. Yesterday the morn- 
ing was gloomy, but brightness 
gradually fell from the air. and it 
was decided to make a start at 
2 . 0 . 

Roebuck, Somerset’s new 
captain, looking solemn as a 
judge, if his former colleague, 
Popplewell will forgive the anal- 
ogy, took a sprightly decision to 
put Yorkshire in. At 5.0, in the 
sixtieth . over. Yorkshire were 
120 for no wicket and Roebuck 
was still looking solemn, though 
by this time the comparison that 
occurred to me was more that of 
a worried old owL Never mind. 
It was his bat chance of forcing 
the finish in such an abbreviated 
match. But the ground, even the 
pitch, was still too soggy to help 
the bowlers, though the slower 
outfield reduced Yorkshire’s 
score by many runs. 

Worcs v Surrey 


WORCESTERSHIRE: First Innings 23t P 
J Rhodes 77 not out G Monkhousa 4 tor 

Second Innings 


D B DUHreira b Clarice 





Total (2 rates) 


*P A Noate. M J Wteston. tS J Rtmtos, P J 
NnwpntN V Radtort), R K Ihflworth. A P 
Pridaeon to bst- 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-ft 2-lft 

SURREY: Ffrattantoos 
A R Butcher tow b Radtort 

G S CSiTOn b Patel 

A J Stewart ttMbRadton] 




M A Lyncti c D'OttwNm b Weston 3 

TEJesty tow b Radtort 17 

ANeedhsncPateibRadfonJ 52 

tC J ffictwds c and b Newport 27 

DJ Thomas b Newport 0 

G Monkhousa c Hide b Hngworllt . _ 10 

S T Oarte c sub 0 Htegwortti 5 

*P I Pocock notout 0 

Extras (b 6. to 10, w 3. nb 6) 
Total (90.1 ovora) 



FALL OP WICKETS: 1-82. 230. 333. 4- 
124,5-129, B-ISI, 7-198,8-214, 9-226,10- 

BOWLING: Radford 24-0384; Pridgeon 
4-1-100: Nawraoit 20-6393; Weston 14- 
536-1; PaM 6-1-18-1; Hngworth 21,1-7- 
41-2; D-Ofiveira 1-133. 

Bonus points: Worcester sh ire 6. Surrey 6 
Umpires; J A Jameson and N T Plows. 

Leics v Kent 


KENT: FM Innings 85 (J P Agnew 5 tor 

Sussex? Lancashire 



GOMondlscBBreteybtaRoux 0 

■GFowfarcteRouxDCM Wata „ ISO 

D W Varey c Stsndtog 6 Rsewe 26 

NH Faatarpthar c CM Watts b Reeve M 

S J O'ShaLNjfnessy not out 50 

J Ab raha ms not 0«a - 73 

Extras Qb 12, nb 7) 19 

Total (4 wfcta dec) 431 

Scx3iv after 100 overe 311 lor 4 
M WWkinson, O J MaMnson, TC Maynard. 
P J W AHott and B P Patterson dd noHW. 
FALL OF WICKETS: 13. 230. 3-294. 4- 

BOWLING: la Roux 20-7-37-1; Jones 22- 
530-0; Reon 35-739-2: C M Weds 303- 
88-1: Barclay 133353; Standing 12 - 1 - 

SUSSEX: FM tarings 

N J Lanftam b Patterson 1 

A M Green c Maynard b Alott 35 

P W Q Parker b Patterson a 

C M Weds c FOwte b Patlarson 7 

A P Wetec Maynard b MaHnsor 5 

D K Standing tow b Alott 15 


G £ to Roux bAlk» 34 

O A Ream not out 6 

A N Jones not out 0 


Extras (lb 5, nb Q 
Total (9 wMs. 51 overs). 

Second Innings 

M R Benson tow b Do Freitas _ 
S G Hlnks c Potter b Oe nwtas . 

C J Taras not out 

N R Taylor b C&ft 

"C S Cowrtey not out . 

Total (3 rates). 

Shattered: Rice sends 
Greenidge's stumps flying 

Emery joins 

Warwickshire have beaten 
Somerset in the race to sign the 
former Hampshire fast bowler, 
Kevin Emery. Emery, aged 25, 
agreed tto join the Edgbaston 
dub yesterday .and will be in 
contention for a place in the 
opening championship match at 
home to Essex on Saturday. 
Warwickshire are hoping that 
Emery will recapture the form 
which .brought him 83 wickets in 
his first season with Hampshire 
in 1982. 

_ 7 
_ 4 

_ 9 

G R Cowdrey, E A E Baptiste. R M Bttaoit. 
tS A Marsh. G R Ofay and O L 
Underwood to bet 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-53. 238. 3-73. 
LEKtSTEHSHIRE: First Innings 

IP Butcher tow b Baptiste B 

R A CobOb Baptiste 74 

*0 1 Gower c C S Cowdrsy b Baptiste r 3 

L Fatter b BQson 4- 

J JWMakercHInlcs bDiey 67 

T J Boone HMsb Underwood 11 

P B Cffft O ESaon b Underwood 11. 

PA J Da Freitas c Taylor bDBey 4 

W K R Benjamin not out 29 

J P tenew c Benson b Daisy 1 

fP GSc and b Baptts» . i3l 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-4, 2-33, 347, 438, 
532. 839, 7-106. 8-148, 9-155. 

Bonus points: Sussex 2. Laicashira 8 . 

Umpfcua: D J Constant and R Palmar. 

■ Gloucs v Glamorgan 


GLAMORGAN: Ffrst tanlngs 

J A Hopkins c Cumn b Lawrence 33 

A L Jones cGravenwb Lawrence __ 13 

H Morris c Wrtghtb GteibndgB 10 

G C Hofenes c Athey b BaMndgo 17 

Voums Ahmed tow b BatabrUge 94 

*R C Omoflg c Russel b Welsh 0 

JF Steele c Lloyd# b Lawrence 10 

J Q Thomas not out in 


Extras (to 4, nbQ ig 


Extras (b S. to 10, ra 1, nb 13) 29 

Total 242 

Score at 100 ovsrs 208 for 8 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-34. 2-44. 349. 4- 

145. 5-168, B-18B, 7-198. 8-sSft931 1 . 10 - 


BOWUNG: DHtey 313-74-3: Bteon 23-1 1- 
37-1: Baptiste 29-10364; Underwood 24- 
12-33-2; C S Cowdrey 7-1-253. 

Bonus points: LdbestereMre 8, Kent 3. 
Ltotoirea h 0 BM and B Lnadbaatir. 

Total (8 rates dec, 96 oners) 

S Base to bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-25. 242, 376. 4- 
105. S-110. 6-173. 7307. &Si7 

S’KSrSS ^ twren ss welsh 

22-10-33-1; Curran 10-3-11-0; SainbTxloe 
Gramey 1334e5uJ^SS 

OUWeeS tpraWHE: A W Stavotd, PW 
Romsines, C W J Athey. P Batabrttao, A J 
WHjpit, K M CurraTj W UmStI) A 
Gnwonay, -)fl C RusaoSL C AWtetei. D V 

Bonus points: Gtouce s te ral Sra 3. Gtemor- 

Q8A 2. 

Umpires: D H Shepherd and P B Wight 

Saturdays scores ' 

Britannic Assurance 

LOn^MWdlesex 76 tor 1 (33 orara) v 
Oth er m atch 

gpNWBrS: Ittorth anpKsml iire 248 lor 6 

7J0unbss stated 

First division 
West Ham v Manchester City 
GOLA league: Kiddentinster v RrtcMey: 
Nuneaton v Altrincham; Wycombe v 

wsioic Croydon v Sutton Utt DufwWr 
Hamtet v Kingaoriart Watt hemst ora Aw- 
due v Bognor Regis Town (745). Fhst 
dhWon: Lsafhortieed v Lrytonstone H- 
fard. Staines Town v Hampton. Second 
dhrWon north Cheahunt v Kai 
Town. Second dkWon aorth 
Manor v Newbury Town (6X1): I 
w Ftackwefl Heath. 

Fnst Second leg: wortroop v Burton 

MULTIPART LEAGUE: Mattock v South- 

IS5W 1 a£^ SMa 


v Leamington; Wellingborough * 
ChtSTBtoflJv Burnham. 

LEAGUE; Pramier dvteton: Hotoeach v S 
and. L Corby; Long Bucfcbyv Arteeey. 
Preraur dMston: Pegasus Juaore * 
Thame (7,151 

mterd Wi ioreClandownv Chard. 
OTfTRAL LEAGUE FTnrtdMswn: Derby 

Bteckbum Rovers p JJ); West Btomwlcfi 

v Mancbeswv (hd (7% Second 
*»Ukac Port Vate v Yortc Oty (TM 
ftBBton North End v BoKon Wanderers 

KWTBMi . C0NBMATICM: Chelsea * 
(£-15): norma City v Chartno 



01.0/102 overs untess stated) 

LOO^MWdlesex v DemyshW (11.0. 
1HEMT B RIDGE: NoUnghemshire v 

nflffl| OTB 

TAUNTON; Someraet v Vorttshtaa 
HOVE: Susse x « Lancashire 
EDGB^rnt Utarrataotara v Essex 
WaroBBtorahire v Sutw 
Other Match 

Scant consolation * 
for cider brigade 

Moxon and Metcalfe had 
some anxious moments against 
Garner and Botham, but sur- 
vived them capably, and when 
the spinners came on even 
Marks found that tbe sun, 
though usually visible, had not 
sufficient warmth 10 encourage 
ihe ball to bite. So Moxon and 
Metcalfe carried on with 
increasing serenity, and the 
partnership was only broken by 
a run out, a good throw from 
Richards at cover catching Met- 
calfe a little late on the move. 

He and his partner had laid a 
solid foundation for their own 
reasons, but ' it was now A 

Yorkshire's turn to make an 
aggressive gesture. 

YORKSHIRE: ftst tarings 

MD Moxon e Roebuck b Marita 73 

A A Metcalfe ran out 55 

K Sharp not out 21 

J D Love notout 28 

Extras 8 

Total (2 rates. 84 overs) 183 

S N Hartley. fD L Beiratow. A 
SfcMxtttontF CancK. G B Stevenaon, P 
J Hartley and I G Swatow to bat. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-129,2-151. 
SOMERSET* -P M Roebuck. N A FUton. J 
J E Hardy. I V A Richards, B C Roan, I T 
Etotoam. V j Marks. R v j Coontoe, fT 
(Sard, J Gamer. C H Dredge. 

Bonus points: Some r set 0. York sh ire 1. 
Umpires; B Dudaston and A A Jones. 






’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

BBC 1 

6.00 Ceefax AU. 

feJfl Bre a k fa st Tiroc with Frank 

I Seiina Scott. 


7.55, &25 and &55; . 

- regional nows, weather 
and traffic at 657, 7.27, 

'7.57 and &27; national and 
• international news at 7.00, 

7 JO, &0Q.&30 and 9.00; 

- sport at74S and 8J0; and 
a revtaw or the morning 

jwwspa^ at^7.Wus. - 

consumer report: POP 
music news horoscopes; 
and Anne Robeson's - 
television choice. 

SJZD Ceefax. 1QJ0 Ptay 

10150 World Snooker. Kirk 
Stevens and Eddie 
. _ Charlton begin the last 
nine frames of their match; 

• CStf Thorbum and 

. Hughes play the 
nine frames of th 

1230 New Altar Noon with 
> Richard Whitmore ami 

Frances Covsrdale, 
s. Indudes hews headfines 

with subtitles. 1235 
Regional news and 

130 Pebble Mil at One. Paul 
Cola reports from the fifth 
Cognac Rim Festival 

where he interviews fflm 
ttiroctor Claude Chabrol 
and actress Agnes Sore!. 
1.45 The Flumps, (ri 
2410 World Smoker. David leke 
introduces feather action 
tram the two second 
round matches; at 2.45, 

David Vine presents 
details of the Shot of the 
Decatte competition. 

230 Praise Bet ThoraHird 
presents a selection of 
popular hymns. The first of I 
-- a new senes. (0 (Ceefax)- I 
335 DragoncasUe. An 
award-winning fflm of a 


6.15 Good 


Stflgoe discovers . 
entertainment In paper. 

WWi guest, origami expert 
Paul Jackson 4.10 The 
Puppy's Further 
Adventures. Cartoon 
series. 430 The Kids of 

Degreed Street 

Adventures of a group of 
Toronto youngsters. 

530 John Craven? 

Nawtround 535Btue 
Peter. Petbr Duncan joins 
a group of British cyclists 
, training tor a ttans-Andean 
. expedition. (Ceefax) 535 
Birdwatch In Florida. A 
repeat of yesterday's 
• report from Tooy Soper in 
Port Orange. 

630 News with Sue Lawiey and 
Andrew Harvey. Weather. 

635 London Phis introduced 
by Jeremy Paxman. 

730 wogan. Terry, fresh from 
Ns hols, welcomes Dallas 
actor, Kan Kercheval, 

Thom Itird, and Maeve 
Blnchy. Plus a song from 
Nick Hayward. 

735 The Rock ’rf Rofl Years. A 
review of the year 1958 
with music from, among 

- others. Buddy Holly ana 
the Crickets, andC^ff 

835 Its Your More. American ' 
domestic comedy series. 

«J0 Three Up, Two Down. 
Comedy about a couple * 
with a baby, housing the 
husband's father and the 
. wife's mother in their 
basement Storing 
i Thome and 
1 Hphick. (Ceefax) 

930 News with Julia Somerville 
and John Humptvys. 

930 Panorama: The Dream 
That Fan Oat of the Sky. 
The story of the space 
shuttle Challenger trial 
exploded less man two 
minutes after Hft off on 
' January 28 this year, (see _ 

10.10 Fflm: Now and Forever 
(1982) starring Cheryl 
Ladd and Robert Coteby. 
Drama, based on the bast 
seller by DanfeBe Steele, 
about a happily married 
couple whose relationship 
is threatened when the 
husband is accused of 
rape after a casual fling 
when h» wife was away. 
Directed by Adrian Carr. 

11.40 Weatiwr. 

Good Morning Britain, 
presented by Anne 
Diamond and Henry Kelly. 
Exercises at 635; news 
with Gordon Honeycombe 
at 6.30, 730, 730, 8.00, - 
830 and 930; sport at 
£40 and 7.45; cartoon at 
735; pop video at 7. 55; a 
report on prison life in 
Britain at 832; Jimmy. 
Greaves's television 
highlights at (L40; natural 
childbirth pioneer, Michel 

Orient discusses fear of 

childbirth at 933 and 9.12. 


93S Themes news headlines. 

930 For Schools: Pert two of 
the story of the Irish 
farmer who cannot decide 
whether or not to sell his 
oidgrey mare and buy a 
tractor 9.47 The 
StimbridgeWDdfbwf Trust 
in spring and winter 939 
Sex education with 
. emphasis on human 
relationships 10.16 
Modem China: the rise of 
Mao Tse Tung 10.38 The 
decline of the American 
steel industry 11.03 
History in relation to 
Portugal’s explorers, 
crafts and agriculture 
1132 Junior maths: circles 
1139 Clips from French 
television and films. 

1230 Tickle on the Turn. VBIage 
tales tor children 12.10 
Let's Pretend to the story 
of The Train Who Was 
Frightened of the Dark 
12.30 Baby and Co. Dr 
- Miriam Stoppard 
discusses the problems of 
baby shock and post-natal 
'depression. . 

130 News at One until Leonard 
-Parkin 130 Thames news 
presented by Robin 
Houston. 130 British 
Candid Camera. 
Unsuspecting members of 
the public are made to 
look stupid. 

230 Someone to Tsdk To. FOr 
nine years, from the age of 
five until 14, 24-year oid 
Kristina was sexually 
abused by her uncle. She 
tafts about her experience 
and how she resolved it 
with help of tiie Incest 
Crisis Line. 

330 University ChaBenge. 
University of Edinburgh v 

Cambridge. 335* 

news headlines 330 The 
Young Doctors. 

430 Tickle on the Turn. A 
repeat of the programme 
shown at noon 4.10 The 
Blunders. Cartoon series 
430 He-Man end Masters 
of the Universe. 435 
Supergran. (r) (Oracle) 

ELI 5 Connections. 

5.45 News 6.00 Thames news 

635 HelpIViv Taylor Gee with - 
news of Law Centres, set 
up in the 1970s to give 
free legal advice. 

635 Crossroads. Nicole meets 
a ghost from her past 

7.00 Nature Watch. JuHan 
Pettier is in Africa's Tsava ■ 
National Park with Anne 
Flasa who introduces him 
to the pygmy mongoose. 

730 Coronation S tre e t. Ada - - 
AnbWsmhh's win contains 
a surprise for Hilda. ~ 
(Oracle) ■ 

830 WharsHy Line. Ernie- 
Wise, Jitty Cooper, 

Barbara KeMy and George 
Gale have to discover a 

_ . . succession ql odd 

830 World in Action: No Place T 
Like Home. A disturbing 
report on private oid 
people’s homes made by 
two women posing as 
voluntary workers. . 

930 Lord Mountbatten: The 
Last Viceroy. Part two of . 
the three-episode serial 
about India’s stiuggle for 

10.00 News at Ten. 

1030 Lord Mountbatten: The 
Last Viceroy continued. 

1130 Fflm: Five Desperate 
WomenJ1971) starring 
Robert Conrad and 
StefaNa Powers. A made- 
tor-television thriller about 
five women college friends 
attencflng a reunion in a 
mansion on a private 
island. Directed by Ted 

1235 Mgftt Thoughts. 

• y -J jcx:: 

Marita Brener is Heunat, on 

BBC 2, at 930pm 

•Much excitement in the 
Panorama office at the weekend. 
Tonight (BBC 1,9.30pm) will 
show whether all the huffing and 
puffing was mispiaced.Thsra 
does not seem to be much 
likelihood of that judging by 
what Httie I have been able to 
glean about THE DREAM 
SKY, Robert Harris's 
investigation into the chain of 
errors mat led to tha space 
shuttle Challenger blowing up 
less than two minutes after Ks 
launch in January. For NASA, 
this was the triumph that 
fumed into a scandal. 

Panorama , taking a 
responsible attitude, pursues its 
inquiry beyond the stage of 
pointing a Naming 
attempts to gauge the fu8 
extent of the shadow which the 


Challenger disaster has cast 
over the future of space traveL 
•No point. I'm afraid, writing 
to me m complain about what 
many of you think is the 
excessive amount of time (six 
hours today) that BBC2 is 
devoting to tha Embassy 
snooker championship.ft is, 
in any case, just not true to say 
that B8C2 has aU but cleared 
the decks to allow us to watch 
the action. Take tonight. for 
example. Except for a tedious 
Presley musical, Girt Happy. 
(6.00). this is an average to 
strong BBC2 night, with a 
controversial Horizon fflm about 
a classroom mathematics 
revolution. ( 8 . 10 pm) and the 
eleventh episode of the 

marvellous German film Hsimat 
(9.00]u All this - plus the 
unpredictability of Newsnight 
(10.55). Scarcely a night 01 
total snooker, „. 

•I cannot remember when I 
last heard such a satisfying farce 
on radio as John Ty deman s 
production of Pinero's DANDY 
DICK (Radio 4. 8.15pm). 
Stylistically, this tale of an 
unwordly Dean sucked into 
the world of the Turf, is a 

S lorious collision between 
ane Austen. Trollope and Ben 
Travers. Plot-wise, it is as 
mischievous as a wagon-load of 
monkeys, and it nails, once 
and for all l nope, that 
nonsensical judgment that 
Alec McCowen (as the Dean) 
cannot play comedy. 

Peter Davalle 


635 Open University: Maths - 
Area Games. Ends at 730. 

9.00 Ceefax. 

938 Daytime on Two: 

Economics: why choose 
one product rattier than 
another 1030 For ftiur- 
and five-year olds 10.15 
Music: two songs from 
Java History, tha 
story of Keh-Hardle 11.00 
A reconstruction of a fifth 
century Athenian pottery. 
Starring David March as 
Crito 1132 TNnkabout 
11.40 English: Jane 
Austen 1232 Problems for 
ten- to 1 2-year olds 1237 

1230 World Snooker. Second 
round matches of the 
Embassy World 
Championship Involving 
Kirk Stevens and Cliff 
Thorbum, introduced by 
David Idee. 

Daytime on Two: the story 
of Chicken Ucfcen told by 
Vicky Ireland 2.18 The St 
Lucian farmers who grow 
bananas for the British 
market 2.40 How a 
computer helps a tanker 
captain bring his vessel 
into harbour. 

330 World Snooker. More 
second round action from 
the Embassy World 

Championship, Introduced 
by David leka from the 
Crucible Theatre. 


630 Film: GM Happy (1965) 

starring Elvis Presley as 
the leader of a singing 
grotto unofficially 
chaperoning the daughter 
of a dub owner in a 
Florida holiday resort. But 
the girl is intent on having 
a good time which leads to 
headaches for the r 
Directed by Boris ! 

735 World Snooker. The 1 
two second round 
• matches of the Embassy 
WOrid Professional 
Championship, introduced 
by David Vine. The 
commentators are Ted 
Lowe, Jack Kamehm and 
Cttve Everton. 

8.10 Horizon: Twice Five Phis 
tbs Wings of a Bird. A 
documentary about a new 
System of teaching 
mat h ematics to the young. 

. The children are 
encouraged to invent their 

V own mams problems 
which they then discuss 

* and solve in groups. 
Narrated by Pater Jones. 

930 Hairnet. This penultimate 
episode covers the period 
1967 to 19691' Anton 
agonizes oyer the offer for . 
his factory. His father. 

Pad, is supervising 
Hermann’s concert, which 
turns out to be 
incomprehensible to the 

1030 Worid Snooker. Highlights 
of tonight's frames. 

1035 Newsraght The latest 
national and International 
news induiflng extended 
coverage of one of the 
main stories of the day. 
Presented by John Tusa, 
Peter Snow. Donald 
MacCormlck and OHvia 

11.40 Weather. 

11-45 Worid Snooker. Highlights 
of tonight's action and the 
Rne-up for the 
quarterfinals wttich start 


Jfulticuttural Education in 
Oldham. Ends at 12.40. 

part hi 


235 Winston ChurcNfl - The 
Valiant Yean* 

1 23 of the 26- 
' of the Second 
I War based on the 
memoirs of Winston 
Churchill focuses on tha 
Yalta Conference of 
February 1945. 

330 Tha Late, Late Show. 
Dublin's late night music 
and chat show hosted by 
Gay Byrne. 

430 A Ru* 4. Gfll Navffle ta&s 
to Dame Jennifer Jenkins 
who, at the age of 65, has 
just become the first 
woman chairman of the 
National Trust 

430 Countdown. The reigning 
champion, Geoffrey 
Taylor, is challenged by 
Loretta Syr ad from Sutton, 

530 Afico-Jolene has her fears 
about a cat burgier allayed 
.when she discovers he is 
a handsome. etigStie 
young bachelor. 

530 LefsPariez Franfltata. In 
Un Visits A L'HospitaL 
Gabriefle Drake is a visitor, 
Nancy Nevinson, a 
crotchety granny, and 
Femi Taylor a patient 
nurse; Le Cross Channel 
Swim finds Fulton Mackay 
as a bureaucrat who 
refuses swimmer Patsy 
Rowlands to land without 
a passport; in Le Porteur 
De Nutt, Nigel Stock teams 
of the problems of a night 
porter from Cflve Dunn, (r) 

545 AnEngfishman’sHome. 

JM Cochrane with tha 
story of Breamore House, 
tiie home of Edward Hulse i 
whose ancestors 
the estate from tha iti- 
Dodington family. (Oracle) i 

630 *nM Marketing MbL Part ' 
two of the serfes examines 
market research. (Oracle) ; 

730 Channel Four news 

730 Comment With his views 
on a topical matter ts Paul 
Jones, chairperson of 
CND. Weather. 

830 Brookskfe. K is fhe 

morning of BiHy's appeal; 
and Keith Tench is upset 
that his relationship with 
Heather hasn't Improved. 

830 Kate and AMs. American 
comedy series about two 
divorced women who 
decide to tackle the 
problems of singe 
parenthood together. 
Starring Susan Saint 
James and Jane Curtin. 

930 St Elsewhere. The first of 
a new series of the 
comedy set in the run 
down St EHgius Hospital in 
Boston. Tonight, the first 

Wtetol^te'p^Mired by 
a strong-wiled Mother 
Superior to pull the plug 
on a fellow nun whose 
injuries will leave her in a 
coma for the rest of her 
Ufa. Starring Ed Flanders, 
WDtiam Danwte and 
Stephen Furst 

1030 The inner Eye. Can 

dreams give us an Insight 
into ourselves and other 

1130 The Eleventh Hour 

Cinema presents Double 
Vision: Boxing for 
Hartlepool. The story of a 
television researcher sent 
to Hartlepool to write a 
script about boxing. 

1235 Their Lordships’ House. 
HJghBghts of the day's 
proceedings in the House 
of Lords. Ends at 1220. 

( Radio 4 ) 

wave. VHF variations at end 

_ forecast 630 News 
- Weather. 6.10 
Farming Week. An Interview 
wWi a l o ader of the 



weather forecast for 
farmers. 635 Prayer for 
the Day (s). 

630 Today, ind 630, 730, 

830 News. 6.45 
Business News. 635, 735 
weather. 730-830 
News. 735, 835 Spot. 745 
Thought for the Day 

835 The Week on 4 with 
Eugene Fraser. 

843 ten Skidmore goes into 
the BBC Sound Archive. 

837 Weather; TraveL 

930 News 

935 Start The Week with 
Richard Baker (s) 

1030 News; Money Bo. 

Financial advice from 
Louise Bolting. 

1030 Morning Story. Great 
Day by Brendan 
O'Byma Read by Hugh 

1046 Dafly Service (New Every 
Morning, page 79) (s) 

1130 News; Travel Indian 
Tales of the Raj (new 
series). Roshan Seth 
discovers what the 
Indians thought of the British 
and their legacies (1) 

Serving the Sahibs (r) 

1139 A Court With No Judges. 

A report on the way fit 
when arbitration is ceing 
used to settle smal 
claims between consumers 
and traders, a nd to 
resolve major international - 
disputes between 
governments. With John 

1230 News; You And Yours. 
Consumer progra m me, 
with Pattie nnmwtUL 

1237 The Spy Who Came In 
From The Cold (new 
series) by John la Carte. Six 
part dramatisation, 
adapted for ratfio. With Cotin 
; Allan 

.and Michael 

Turner (T). 

130 TheWoridAtOnerNews 

140 The Archers. 135 
Shipping Forecast 

230 News; The Sony Radio 
Awards 1988. Live 
coverage of this year's 
awards ceremony. 

' by D9ly Bartow. 
House Hotel in London. 

330 News; The Afternoon 

Play. Asking Charlie by 
Christopher Denys. Starring 
Geoffrey Banks as the 
man obsessed by a virago 
(Meg Johnson) (r) (s). 

430 Kaleidoscope. A second 
chance to hear last 
Friday night's edition (r) 

530 PM: News magazine. 

530 Shipping Forecast. 

535 Weather 

630 News; Financial Report 

630 Questions of Taste. 

Panel game on food and 
drink. With flussefl Davies. 
Paul Levy, Oz Clarke, 

Denise Coffey, Fay MascMer 
and Robert Booth (r) (s) 

7.00 News 

735 The Archers 

730 On Your Farm 

745 Science Now. Peter 
Evans with news about 
the latest discoveries and 


8.15 The Monday Play. Dandy 
Dick. A farce by Arthur 
Wmg Pfnero. with Alec 
McCowen. Patricia 
Routtedga and Nigel Stock 

9.45 Kaleidoscope- Presented 
by David Roper. Includes 
comment on Heavenly 
Bodies at the 

Birmingham Rep, ana on the . 
Talking Books version of 
Wind in the Willows. Also, 
this year's Sony Awards. 

10.1 5 A Book At Bedtime: Mr 
Wakefield's Crusade by 
Bemica Rubens (6). Read by 
John Rowe. 1039 

1030 The Worid Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

1130 Today in Parliament 

1230 News; Weather. 1233 
Shipping Forecast 

VHF (available in England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except: 539630am Weather; 
Travel. 11.00-1230 For 
Schools: 1130 Opus No 1 (s). 
1130 Let's Move! (s). 

1140 Word Games. 1130 
Poetry Comer. 135-330 
For Schools: 135 Listening 
Comer. How Does Your 
Garden Grow? 235 Playtime: 
Maths Play: Shapes. 230 
Introducing Science: it’s a 
Plant 2. 40 Introducing 
Science Extra; Junior 
Electronics. 530-535 PM 
(continued). 11 30-1 2 . 1 0 am 
Open University: 1130 
Repetition in Music. 1130 
Gibbon's Attack on 
Christianity. 12.30-1.10 
ScriDote night-time 
Broadcasting; CSE EngGsh. 
1230 Can I Begin by 
Asking? 1230 And Now 
Discuss. . . 

( Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 
end of Radio 3. 

635 Weather. 7.00 News 
7.05 Morning Concert 
Sullwan (di ballo 
overture). Granados (Los 
requiebros. Rajna, 
piano). Tchaikovsky 
(Serenade in C for string 
orchestra). 830 News 
835 Concert (contd):Hummel 
(Trumpet Concerto m E 
flat Marsalis, soloist), 

K raster (Slavonic 
Fantasy an Songs my 
mother taught m&- 
Snumsky and Kaye). Liszt 
(Au boro d une source: 
.piano). Clement 
phony No 2 in D). 

335 This Week's 

Composer; Schubert. 

Vienna Octat play the Octet 
m F, D803 

10.00 Nielsen: performances 
on record of the 
rhapsodic overture An 
Imaginary Journey to the 
Faroe Islands, and the 
Symphony No 2 
Norma Fisher, piano 
recital. Chopin 
(Nocturnes Op 27. No 1 1n C 
sharp minor, and No 2 in 



D flat major: Scriabin 
Bta No 1) 

(Sonata I 

imemouth SO (under 
Richard Armstrong), with 
Bournemouth Symphony 
Chorus. Highdifie Junior 
Choir.and soloists Janet 
Price. Kenneth 
Bowen.Michael Rtppon. 
Wagner (Die 
Meistersinger overture), 
Dvorak (Te 

Deum),wHBam Mathias (This 
Wortde's Joie). 130 

1.05 BBC Lunchtime Concert 
Lydia Mordkovichfvioiin), 
David Owen Norris (piano). 
Prokofiev (Sonata No 1), 
Brahms (Sonata No 2) 

230 Music Weekly: indudes 
Denis Matthews talking 
about Beethoven and the 
Prometheus theme, and 
Alan Tyson offering some 
new evidence on 
Mozart's Figaro(r) 

245 New Records: Bach 
{Kyra and Gloria; Mass 
in B minor). Mendelssohn 
(Prelude aznd Fugue in D 
minor, Op 37 No 3: Hurtord. 
organ), Loewe (ballads 
Dlfe verfaHene Muhle. and 
Herr Olufc Mod, bass), 
Beethoven (Piano Concerto 
No 3: Perahia, soloist). 
Bruckner (Aequaiis No 1 and 
the motet Libera me), 
and Strauss (symphonic 
poem Tod und 
Verklarung) 4.55 News 
530 Mainly tar Pleasure: 

Natalia Wheen presents 
some recorded music 
630 Organ music 

Christopher Stembridge 
plays Frescobakli's 
Bergamasca; Tre 
Gagliarda: Toccata XI, 1615; 
and Aria detto Balietio 
7.00 Interpretations on 
Record: Richard 
Osborne with various 
recordings of Mahler's 
Symphony No 6, including 
tnose under the baton of 
Barbirolli, Bernstein and 

830 Schumann: Myrthen 
Lieder. Op 25: wfth 
Susan Kessler (mezzo). 
Ruud van der Meer 
(baritone). Jansen (piano) 
930 Concert from Helsinki: 
Michele CampaneUa 
(piano), Finnish Radio SO 
(under Segerstafn). 

Busoni (Orchestral suite Op 
34a; Concert piece for 

K and orchhestra. Op 31 ; 
us (Symphony No 

1040 Lady's View: Akton 

Grenned reads the short 
story by ftaDafy 
11.00 Respighi and hb 

FairfiaM Strin g Quar tet 

-- ’ ‘ ‘K> 


dortco). . . 

Quartet No 4) 

11.40 Monteverdi: II 

Tancredi e CkNlnda: 

Taverner Players. Nigel 
Rogers (narrator). David 
Thomas and Emma 

1137 News 1230 Closedown. 

VHF only: Open University. 

From 6.35am to 635. Choosing to 
be unequal. 

( Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. For VHF 
variations, see Radio 1. 

News on the hour. Hcecfflnes 

530am, 630, 7.30 and BL30. Sports 
ks 135pm, 232, 332, 432, 
1,6.02, 645 (mf I 

Desks 1 

Cricket Scoreboard 7. 
4.00amColin Berry (s) 


Young (5)J350avtd Jacobs (s) 
2.05Armeka Rice (s) 330Davfd 
Hamilton (s) 535Jonn Dunn (s) 

7. 00 A Ian Defi and at 730 r 
Band Era (S) 530 Slg Ban 
930Hurrifxiray LytMton with 
The Best of Jazz on record (S) . 
935SportS Desk 1Q3QTha 
Monday Movie Hour. Dinah 
Sheridan recalls highBghts from 
her favourite films and, at 1 0. 30 St ar 
Sound. Listeners' requests 
Introduced by Nick Jackson. 
1130Brian Ma 

Round Mil 
midnight) 1 

flatthew presents 


( Radio 1 ) 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end. 

News on the half how from 
630am until 930pm and at 1230 

6.00am Andy Peebles 
73QAdrian John 930Sknon Bates 

i230pmNewsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 12.45Gary Davies 
MOSleve Wright 
5.30Newsbeat (Frai* Partridge) 
5.45Bru no Brookes 730Janice 
Long 1 6.00-1 230John Peel (s) VHF 
RADIOS 1 & 2: 430amAS RattiO 
2. lO.OOpmAs Radio 1. 1230- 
430amAs Radio 2. 


SjOO Newsdesk 730 News 7J» Twsnw- 
Fbur Hours 7JH S«Wi and Cbmpany M0 
News Raflactions 0.15 the He* of 
the Day &30 Anyth™ Goes 840 NM 
.8J» Review of the British Press IK 
Good Books US financial Maws MS 
Look Ahead MS RaeUe's Choice 1ftM 
News 1031 Pleasing the Patient 1130 
News 1139 News About Britain 1116 
Training for Tomorrow 1130 Album Time 
1240 Redo Newsreel 12.15 Brain of 
Britain 1986 1245 Sports Roundup 139 
News 139 Twenty-Four Hum News 
Sumnary 130 Robert Tear's Victorian 
Songbook 230 Outlook 24S A short Waflt 
in the Hindu Kush 330 Radio News r eel 
3.15 Pleasing the Patient 3 jSS Whets New 
4.00 Nows C0Q Commentery 4.15 Behind 
me Credits 430 Gutter tntsrtude SM 
Sports Roinfup 735 Pesbiet Choice 
6-03 News 839 Twenty Four Hours 130 
Sports Intern a tional B30 News 931 
Network UK 9.15 Outer Mariude 130 
Counterpoint 1030 News 1039 The 
World Today 1035 Book Choice 1030 
financial News 1040 nedechont 1046 
Sports Roundup 1130 Newa 1139 Com- 
mentary 11.15 Behind the Cradls 1130 
Bran of Britain 1986 1240 News 1200 
News About Britain T2.1B Rado Newsreel 

. . Satan end Company 1J9 
131 Otrtook 130 Short toy 145 Betted 
the Cmtits 230 News 239 Review of the 
British Press 2.15 Network UK 230 
Sports Nent ati on ri 230 News X09 Newt 
About Britain 3.15 The Worid Today 446 
Rnendat News 4^5 Ratlsctions 330 
News 538 TWeniy Four How* 530 New 
Ideas. Al times ki GMT. 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1:1Q53kHz/285m;1089kHz/275m; Redo 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kH/433m; Radio 2: 1_215kHz/247fre V HF -90- 
9^1; R^foik 200 kHz 15oScVHF -92-95iSSll52kHz/261m; VHF 97.3; Caprtsfr 1548kHz/194m: VHF 95*; BBC Radio London 
1458kHzV206m: VHF 94A Worid Sanrice MF 648itHz/453m. 

□DTI WALES 5J6pm-530 
HKliWNes Today 535-730 

53Spm-540 Today's Sport 540-530 
btedsUlstw 835-f 30Sttwaxfi m fiori- 
da 1140-1145 News end weather. 
EMQLANP 835pn-730 Regional news 


1230 Schools 630pn>-730 Wales et 

As London mt- 
cepe 130pm News 
--"M USSR 

Home Cookery 135330 Batitem: 
Galaway to the South 5.15-54S Sore and 
Oeughtars 530 Chennai Report B3P- 
730Wrent Strokes 1130 Simon end 
Simon 1230am CkmedOML 
TWC As London except: 130pm 
JJLS News 130 Home Cookery Chib 
135-230 Betiiam: Gateway to the 
80 uih 5.15-545 Sons and Deughtors 
s nn Coast to Coast 630*730 
Dtfrrant Strokes 1130 Simon and Simon 
1230401 Company, Closedown. 


130-230 AbSty is Where You Look 
tor rt 530-730 News 1 


130 Action Line 135^230 
Short 330-430 Short Story ThaabB SIS- 
535 Emmerdale Farm 630 News * 
and Scotland Today 1130 Cmne Desk 
1140 Late Ce> 1 145 V I245sm 

ANGLIA London except 

M TIUI-IM |i20plB 13Q.230 




Snort Story Theatre 6.15-5.45 
Emmerdels Farm 630 About r 
730 Live Wire 1130 Ripode 1 
ChiU ol the Coveram. 

CENTRAL i5ogSiK l i3B-23o 

That's Hoffywcod 6.00 Nows 6.45- 
730 Central Post 11 30 The Master 
1230ms Closedown. 

BORDER ^rmS-zoo 

Advemurar 330-130 Sons ana 
Daughters 630 Lookaround 630-730 
Take the High Road 1130 New 
Avengers 122Som Closedown. 


Reports 130-230 Soamfite) 330- 
430 Sans and Daughters 515-545 
Scramble! 630 Granada Reports 
530-730 Ditf rent Strokes 1130 New 
Avengers 1 230am CtosadCMn. 


130-230 Protectors 515-545 
Emmerdale Farm 500-7ia North Tonight 
1130 filty /Fifty 1230am News. 


1.2S Help Yourself 1.30-230 Three 
Utire Words 33M30 Country Practice 
515-545 Protectors 630 Calendar 
630-7.03 Sounds Good 1130 Prisoner: 
Cell Block H 1230en> Oosedown. 


230 Short Story 330-430 Sons end 
i 515-545 Happy Days 630 

Happy Days 63 

1 Everting Ulster 530-730 LBs- 
1130 V 


style 1130 V1235em News. Closedown. 
oar * Starts: 130pm Countdown 
SfEi 130 Held m Trust 230 
DaeamkMetit: Brazfl 230 Cel Coco* 
23S Gaearyddlaetft: Japan 235 Interval 
330 Late. Late Show 430 A Plus 4 
430 Every Window Tetis e Story 930 
Uoer-lg 530 Fflm: That Uncertain 
Fooling 7.00 Newyddkm SafthTJO 
Arotwg 830 Royalty 830 Snwear 
940 Y Byd ar Bedwar 10.10 Cheers 1040 
Zoctiora, A Romance 1140 


135 Lookaround 130-230 Zurich 
Stop by Stm> 630 Northern LUe 030-730 
Ur a Mts1i30 V 1220am Comfort 
in Counsel. Closedown. 
tbui As London ■> « *n r' UOm 
TSW - News l30-StoSxSora515 
Gus Honeybun 520-5*5 Crossroads 
630 Today Souih West 630-730 
Emmerdeie Farm 1130 Break- 
through 1230 Postscript. Oosedown. 



uoourax fistivaij enter 
ey MtUne mree from Irwwtcfi 
SUw on boars. Maarae* unm 
oooked. Oaeanum: Jim-ISUi 
J, JBOi. LeaTtot Samrrk. 
Cowdrey ftlW*. CSKtlMtcr 

BUUWaCAN HALL 628 87957638 
S89». NO W Tom. T^g: 
T 45 THE HWnOTRtn 
WAL. l eeu— Sf ie p t i wp 
Oiteriw. Lukas row can*. 


r"" 1111 s 836 3161 CC 2*0 

otauw NAmMALMm 

Torn 7 JO Ttw SaWfW MW. 
Tomer raw prn The mwry 


3*0 1066/1911 MOD -Sat 

lOam-Bpm BaHca caduv Into 
Ol-ZMO 9816. 



TOO prommaer wares avan ar 
«ta>w ms a C5 oar ttr More 
perl. TonWiI M 7Jftm 

Tomorrow at 7. QOB«a .._. 

us cosmos puowwih 

UDLOH WELL* !» 8916. 
From Tomer until SaL Etsm 


W T J»— «■ 

May 6 to IQ 


MNXPHI 856 Tell er 200 7915 
.A CC 7«1 9999 Bie, 7JBB-S7S 
6*as Cm Sales 930 6IZ3 C£ 
SJVELV WKti rre Cafl Or SAC 
7300 » Hr 7EWH6 



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sal A 30 6 flx» 
ma ow-T Livx ew itecA L m 
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ilStRY Ot 836 -*878 CC 379 


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itocn*m wt|Me , i*v*.'ArTV>» , r- At 


iNanotaa Thutre'e wnaU aute- 
lonumi T»t 

thtsi M*V 6 * T THE BOAD TO 
MECCA m ABte r urgra Mar 

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ALBERT Ol 836 3878 CC 579 
6566 CC 379 6*33. 741 9999. 
C» Sates 930 61 23/836 3962 - 

Rrll Wwtea wter 



-A Raw wtuHtarnus TMottical 
EravT Ltetebrr. . 


Prevs Iron! 13 May. Opens 20 

ALDWVCH Ol 836 6404/0641 

CC 379 6233. First Can 246r 

CC 01-240 7200. Emt 7.30. 
Mai Wed 2-30. sal 4 O 6 B-O- 

nuemr KEKDAL 



web CtartRopticr Fmford 

and Das at Vto 



Av. 437 2663. 434 3B9& Ftod 
CaU Ol 240 7200. Op Sates Ol 
930 6125. Eves asm. Sal Mars 


W A “ "* 





CC 630 6262 Cn> Sates 930 6123 
Evo 7.43 Mate Tue 4l Sal 3-0 


JWKCMHO ir- D Eaa 



Dtfwtrd by TREVOR NUNN 
iwrwirtoKX omc* 


EAJtBICAM Ol 623 879S/63& 

8891 CC /Men-Sun ireniJtemi 

trobXs A CRESSTOA rr- 
duct'd prtet- perts 1 -7 May 
‘Tadic el- hunwrwus t imww- 
ty amruBi” oas MEPWSrti 

rrtuma 9 IS May m 

• way ov Trevor Crttmns (com 
SO Apr 

. E Ol 858 

T7SS Ev« 7 45 mat z SO. 

■Hcbad - A M ri Wte. Omm- 
niiAhir to ALAN 

-ayocmww* enjinvcLY 

(7CANM ’A JOY... EX- 
F rimes 

Ol 836 6111 OCOI 836 1171/01 
741 9999. GrP Sates Ol 9306123 
Mon-Thun al 8pm- FTi 6 Salat 6 



A dHtgMful oornedy. Boofctnfl 
through Jane 1986. 

01-930 2S78 Fil'd CaU 24-hour 7 
<tav ce bfcta oi 24 Q_7gog 

jActuow HAwnmwE 


KrrrfM by BOM OAteDELS 
EvesMOn-FYt 8.0 Sal 6^06 BJO 

CWinaOH. S 930 3216 CC 379 
16666379 6433741 9999. Groups 
'836 3962- Eves 8.00. Thu mat 
sja Sal 5-30 6 830. 

D. Mall 

XhgThftalrs of CnraedP Corngany 



HOTLINES Ol 680 M48 Brnt or- 
Ol 636 8638/9 or Ol 680 
9G62/3. FUJCSte MtTDu ’OB 
836 2428 Crp SalmMO 6123. 
DAVE euuw» 






MotvFrl T. SO ThU MAI 2 -30 Sal 5 


DUKE OF YOMU 836 6122 CC 
Srtns7/741 9499/210 7200 
Evra 8 O. Thu SjSal 5A BJO 



Hit Ooro«ty by PtehaM Harris 

comecx or tw JQsar 

sundanl Dram a Aw aiti , j>aa 

T OJ "Had u» «*SK* C * 
Sr’mTwn NOW- cTtN 

?2oaore sates 930 6123 cu«a 
pm. H'eo mat ia sat eo and 8.0 



01-836 8108. 01-240 906e/7. 
First cat) 24 hoar 7-day ce hk» 
240 7200 











i f* 

EVas BJO Mars Wed 3-0 Sal 50 A 

Croup Sales 930 6133 

JAN 1987 

GLOBE 437 1692. OC 379 6433. 

Ftrrt CHI 24 nr 7 tew 03 340 


And ** w o*5n? LAwSSR r ™" J “ 




™ THtw rrMW prow 


wary t i-ATImw. 

A comedy by Ken loidwlp 
Directed by David OUrawe. 

FORTUNE SCC 836 2238/9 741 
9999. Firs! Cad 24 hr T day CC 
2407200 EW 8 Fn/sa* 6 6 MO 


Laurence Whiter Award 1904 


BV John Oodo w 
-1 BiHllWHd COMEDY** S 
Time* "SHXNDnr- DTM 
-one W the ranntesH and teasi pre- 

Ota “ A JOY" S EW 


Box emrrAcc 01-930 Pejgnra 
Cafl 2a hr 7 daw cr bkta 240 7200 







By friHiin wwit 

Evw 7.30 Mai Sal 2JO 

run-iifW 0243 781312 

(Sffi OtT YOUR OUH Eves 
mMte Thu A SN 2-30. 
Ku jwrtormanro today . 

LONDON P M I A D HH I 437 7373. 
437 2066. CC 734 8961. 379 
6433/741 9999. Ftnt Can 24 Hr 
7 Day CC 240 730a Cro Sate* 
9SO 0129. 






MooBai 7 JO. Mate Wed A Sal 
2 JO. First n toM May 7 At 7pm 


Sam. Bar Mate 43a TH E CAM- 
- Ham, by. am i wa n hill 


HEN MAJESTYA. Hayiaarhrt 
930 4036/0606 2D46/2B86. 
CC TWanniHte 37 9 613 1 
FM COU CC 240 7200. 


Osena 9 Oct. 

LY1HC THEATRE Shantabroy 
AV* WI 01-437 3686/7 01-434 
1660. 01-434 1060. 01-734 

6166/7. Red Price Prevs. tram 
Jobs 4. Opens June 11 m 7A 
The Nahonol Theatre's acclaimed 


Award wuminp comedy 


Eves Tja Mas wads (from June 
I8> and Sacs 3 . 0 . Advance Booh- 
m perron now Open June_4 j 
Aua 30- Oram Satea Ol 930 
CC BOO«aWa» OH pl 2«6 7200 

LYTTELTON K 938 2233 CC 
tNatronal Theatre's am v aun 
stapel. Tool 742 LOVE FOR 
LOVE By Conareve. TBmar 
7.48. then Ag8_3Q 6 M av.l_* 
BMMOSBS. May 2 10 S 6 May ft 

moo-Tiui a rri/Sai 6«J. 8 . 10 . 


Th* Ite mrttier by Wdaffl HarrR 

8 Mir. “An unaoashrd winner's 
Em*. "A Uirflter that aehtewjtt 
afl. SetwaironaJmme*. “The 
mod tnemiou s rayrtcry to haw 

ggyar" . 


open A* h smeh t s paw S 

486 2431 CC 379 64ACC 
Horitnr 486 1933 - ROMM 

AMP Jt MJET BTPftewri fromjO 

DREAM te« 
Dm 4 Aaeost Row- 

— PMAte CC (no booMno tee) 

01-236 6S6S or 741 9999/379 

6433 cc <Bks Fee) 34 iw/T tar 

940 7200. OP Utes Ol -930 6123. 

MOn-TtW 8.0a Fti 6X0 6 BJO. 



David Maner 1 * 


directed hy Bi fl Jft ryden 

SHOWMQ Ol LONDON ’•Spectator 
Pre-TMMro Food 6 Drink 

CAR PARK nod door 96p 
Other NT shows see National Th. 

NEW LOMMM Drury Lane WC2 
01-406 0072 CC 379 6433 Eves 
7.46 Tue a Sat S.OO 6 7.46. 

rtJt. ojot anmiCAL 



Grp Boounes Ol -406 1567 or Ol- 
930 6123 Postal ap P Bcanons now 
betas accepted until August 30. 
OLIVIER f 928 2262 CC 

iTuauooal TheaVeY open stape) 
Tout Wed 7.16. Tornor 2.00 
now pnce mao AXIS, men 
May 12 6 13 A CHORUS OF 


Ayckbourn. Thu 7.46 fPu&Uc 
Dress B iMsraal - an ten u. 
cash over coutrier from Item 
or day. 2 te» per person) Then 
May 2 b SI May 14 A 16 
PRAVDA - A Fleet Strta 

CC 457 8327 or 379 6433 
Crp Sates 930 6123 


Eves 7.30 Man Thu 6 Sat 2-30 
Latecomers not ackotted untu the 


OCT 4 

P RU13 RX 636 2294 CC 2*0.9661 
741 9999,240 7200 Ev e* 8 Mai 
ThU 3 Sal 6 6 830 


Standard Drama Awards 


nay Jewers win ntey Elvis Presley 

on Monday Eve* only 
CMinpinr HMMay May M - ZS. 

. . ^ _ v THEATRE 437 

4606, 734 9636 Credit Cat 
Hotline* 379 6666. 74J 9999CTP 
Sate* &56 /KS061ZJ; 

**A BHWeni MMi Mf NHC 



Over 119 UariNfl 

Eve* 8.0 MW wed 3 8 SM 5 
New bookthB prnoft now open to 
end of Eeptemtnr 

eotal court stt raoiaeT 
amii a May THE R OM AL 
HEART ny Larry Kramer. Eve* 
nan. Toe MU 3pm. SM MM 

SAVOY Bn Office 01-836 8888 

CC Ol -379 621 9. 836 D479 Eve* 

7 46. Maumee* Wednesday 30 
Saturday 60 6 8.30 




TOWN.” S Time* 16.2/86 






379 6433/741 9999 FIT*! CaU 
24Hr 7 Day CC 240 7200. Grp 
Sam 930 6123 



Mon-m 8. Sal 630 & B 3 0. 


Lm 3 weeta. 

SHAFTESBURY 379 6399 nr 379 
6433 CC 741 9999 FtrU Call 
24 hr 7 day CC 240 7200 Grp 
Sate* 950 6123 Mon-Frt 6 
Wed MM 3. Set S A 8.30. 


Prevs from 28 May. 

ST MARTBTS Ol 836 1443 Spe- 
cial CC No. 379 6453 Evgs 8.0. 
Turn 2A6. Sal 5.0 a nd HO 

144 yr el UinUOMRIt 


STRAND 836 2660 CC 836 61 90 
/240 7200 Mon FrIB. Wed mat 

2.30. Pie tab Sal parte 6 I 



a mr musical 


Mau on Sunday 

10789* 296625 or Ttcktpnaafer 

01 379 6453 ROYAL SHAKE- 

Tate. TtaORlLTomor. Thur 
730. Wed 7.00 Renee and le- 

M Fn 7.30. Stead ThMtea. 

Kiel men. TOOIQIU .Tonwr 7 30. 

Every Man May 18 For taect&l 

mead theatre deal* and holer 

stop over rmg 107891 67262. 

734 8961 Flm cad 24 Hr T D»J 
CC 836 3464 Crp Sales 9306123 

Mon-Sai 8. Mai Tnurs A Sat axn 



Opens 14 May at 7pm 
Red terare Previews from April 30 

.'2 CC HflUine 930 0844/ 6/6 Grt> 
Sates 930 6123 KeUI* PTOwe 
74J 9999. Fim G MI 24 hr 7 day 
OC Booktata 240 720a 



EMJOT rT“T.Tira 
From MW Mi Eves Tja, Me 
Thur & Bar 3 


■The ien bnl of Brnaln 1 * comic 
ulent-Oally Mad 
See separate entrtev u nder : 



VAUDCYM3E.WC2. Bov Office 
end CC Ol 836 9987/5646. First 
Call ICC EJ lull 01-240 72GO 
Em 7.30 Wed MaU 2 JO. Sate 
50 6 fl IS. 




EHJOT ABLET T. Over 100 Pfs 

VICTORIA PALACE 01 -834 1317 






Be* Office open Dally 9wn ■ 9pm 
Sun TNCCBfcQ* only llBm.7pm 


7766/839 44S5 CC Ol 3T9 
6566/6433. 741 9999. Carps 01 
836 396? Mrm-Frl 8 00. Wed Mai 
3 00. Sate 6 00 A 8.30. 

"The Acttac te Sheer tor 




By J B Priediey 
Directed lay Ronald Eyre 


WORLD-S Erqmny 

WYNOHAM*S 836 3028 CC 379 
6665. 379 6433/741 9999. 

Cnn 836 3962. 

The Australian Elizabethan 
Tneatre Tiny prod union at 



Direct from a wlHnit 
Australian season 
Reduced prior preiirw* 14-17 
May opens 19 May. 

WYNBHAWTS B36 3028 CC 379 
6565. J79 6433 731 W9 
Grp* 836 3962 Mon Thur* 
aw, Frl A sal 6-00 6 9.00pm 



three! Frew te ta rd ey UW 

"the most exenwa and 

Unuied msumi until 10 May 
AU IkU only: OMSiSCO, 

-QUEEirs 01-734 1166. 734 

1167. 734 0261 734 0120. 439 
3049.439 4O3t.FlniCaUCC.24- 
hr 240 7200. Grp Sales 930 61 23. 
Em 8pm. Wed 6 Sal Mate 3pm 





ANewPlay ny Re 

Dl retted by Mar Vi 

vowea vb 928 6»3 cc 379 

6453 From Thur 7.30. FH MM 



Tumor 4 Wed 7.45 



Deri ns SL Wl. Broca Mrt.eea - 
Ju«» & Bowte. Lawrence Wei- 
ner 499 4100 



lecttnc nmn a 

DRAWMCS. Unui 4 May. Mon- 
%ai 106 Sun 2.30-6 Adm free. 
Recorded Info Ol 580 1788 
Closed Mon.5 May 

FISCHER rose ART 30 King SL 

BOYD - Recent Australian 
Paintings. LnUJ 9 May. Mon - 
Frl iO 5 30 

Adtmralily Aictii Tel Ol 930 
6644. iOam - 9pm Colomtaa 
Comemporaiy Art until April 

29ih Lamp painting comprtt- 
Uon unui April 3«h. 

Street £1. James's London SWi. 
TH; 930-9332 MODERNISM 
AND TRADTT10N. an exiutuuofi 
of pauilircn “from Uve 2CT3 and 
30's. April 17UI May 9th. Mon ■ 
Fn item - 6pm. Sal IOam ■ ipm. 


Camden Town nine, AR S O- 
LUTE ItBIMRl (15). FUm al 
1 25. 3.48. 6 ta 8.40. TH 
SmUKip accepted. 

CHELSEA CB B OBA 351 3742 
King* Read fNearcK tune 
FUm al X 2a. 4.30. 7 46. MUST 
FUm al 1.30. 4 40. 7 AS. SM 
Bookable tar eve pert. Accra 


499 3737 First CaU 24Hr 7 Day 

cc 240 7200 (Bkg Feel Maeae 

Smith. Denholm Eat on, j mn 
Dench in A ROOM WITH A 

VOW (TO) Flint H 1.30 (Not 

Sum 3 46/4.10 i, 8 40 Seat* 

bkMr at C4.BO la advance for 

8.40 perf daily A 6.10 on Sal A 


4«enoe Wl 439 4805. FMt 

Call 24Hr 7 Day CC 240 7200 
(BkoFeei Kurosawa's RAN i I8X 

Sep Perf* daily al 2.18. 6.16.4, 

a is. 

GATE CMXMA. NomntfWI Cato 

727 4043. Dolby stereo. 

Kurosawa's RAM <151 2.16- 

5.15. 815. LAST S DATS. 
Siam Thun May 1st ZWA 
Advance BeoMwes. 


930 5252 (Eno 1/930 7615 (24 

hour Acce*s/vn/AinEx Book- 


nfii In Dolby Stereo Sepprota 

Dally 1266. 3.30. 6-10. 8BO. 

AU prog* n oo mb te in Advance. 

379 3014/ 

836 0691 St Marlin's Lana. 

WC2 1 Leicester So tube). Derek 

Jarman's pnse winning CARA- 
VAGGIO (lei. Film at I DO. 
SA 5. 4 50. 6.66. 9.00. LK. Bar. 



4225. Jack Nkh oteon 

Turner. PRIZJ 

HONOUR (IS) daily 1-30. 4.00. 
6 30. 9.00. 

27581 HO TURBCR PER 115V 
Sep props Today 2.16 A 8 40 
only AH semi bookable in ad- 
vance. Aertns and visa 
telephone bookings welcome 


1930 6111 ,Jnfo 930 4250 / 
DAHGEDOUS.I1GI. Sep props 
Doors open Daily 1.45. 4 45 
8 OO All Prom Bookable in Ad- 
vance. Access and Visa phone 

booking- welcome. Credit Hot 
LtaeBSft 1929. 24 hour servica- 
£2 50 seals available Monday 
all perta. 


<151 Sep progs Doors open Dju- 
W t 15 3 36- 868. 8.15- 

Reduced prices for Under Iff. 
Siuoeni caret hoktefL LWO 
nowenv O A.p- S 


mt BEAunm. 

LAUKDAETTE 1151 305 6.00. 
7 05. 9 10 <21 KUO OP TW 

snoot WOMAN 1181 530. 

510S540. Se " 


OUT or AFRICA UM. prog* 
1.00.410. 7.45 Ticket* 

liookahla for eventng perf. 


Kmo sawa-s Oscar Winning 
5 *N list preps 4.05. 7.40. 
I^na eally at 23B AM. Rhe 
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Big day in the 

power game 

Liverpool and Everton are 
the principal members of an 
exclusive club who have col- 
lected almost all the honours 
in English football in the last 
Five years. .As if to illustrate 
their" omnipotence, between 
them they are about to add the 
FA Cup to their list of trophies 
and. more than probably, ihe 
Canon League title. 

West Ham United must 
beat Manchester City at Up- 
ton Park tonight if the 
Merseyside neighbours are not 
to be left alone at the head of 
this season's race. Another 
fixture to be staged in London 
this afternoon could encour- 
age Liverpool and Everton to 
be part of a minority group 
next season as well. 

Their chairmen. John 
Smith (Liverpool) and Philip 
Carter (Everton). were influ- 
ential figures in secret discus- 
sions. which lasted for some 
nine months, with their col- 
leagues from Arsenal, Man- 
chester United and 
Tottenham Hotspur. Last Sep- 
tember they unveiled their 
threat 10 break away from the 
League unless certain condi- 
tions were met. Three months 
later firm proposals were 

The first and second divi- 
sion chairmen drew up a 
formula which included a 
redistribution of wealth, a 
restructuring of the divisions 
and a change in the manage- 
ment committee. BuL as al- 
ways in such meetings in the 
past, the most significant deci- 
sion to be taken by the 92 
chairmen today concerns the 
suggested alterations to the 

By Stuart Jones. Football Correspondent 

balance of power (either two been at full strength this 
or one and a half votes). If season, cannot be considered 
thev are denied it- little to be so now. It was notable 

progress will be made and the 
patience of the so-called ‘super 
league' clubs as well as the 
foundations of the antiquated 
system may be broken. If so. 
the run-in that is about to 
begin will indeed be final. It 
promises to be the most 
thrilling for years after Liver- 
pool trampled 5-0 over Bir- 
mingham City on Saturday 
and moved ahead of Everton. 
the marginal favourites, who 


Key fixtures 

EVERTON: April 30: Oxford United 
(a); May 3: Southampton (h): May & 
west Ham United (hi 
LIVERPOOL: April 30: Leicester City 
ia); May 3: Chelsea (a). 

chester City (h): AprS 30: fpSwKft 
Town (h): May 3: West Bromwich 
Albion (a): May 5: Everton (a). 

voting procedure. 

first division represen- 


tatives. who each hold one 
vote, feel they should carry 
more weight in the overall 

drew 0-0 at Nottingham 

Reid, who will be one of the 
22 Englishmen to be named in 
Bobby Robson's World Cup 
squad this morning, disturb- 
ingly damaged ankle liga- 
ments early on and was 
limping until the end. Without 
an adequate substitute, van 
den Hauwe was also given no 
choice but to hobble through 
the last 40 minutes with a calf 

As a result, both of them 
had to go home for urgent 
medical treatment and 3ie 
rated doubtful for the crucial 
visit to Oxford United on 
Wednesday. Lineker, another 
Englishman bound for Mexi- 
co. will be available but he is 
also visibly unfit and his 
contribution against Forest 
was worry ingly insignificant 

Everton. who have never 

that when they raised their 
challenge midway through the 
second half (Sharp, their most 
improved individual struck 
the woodwork) they could not 
sustain it and were grateful to 
hold on for a draw. 

In extending their run 
games without defeat to 11 
Forest confirmed their recent 
improvement that coincided 
with the sale of Davenport 
Prorecied by Metgod at the 
back, they were armed with 
the potential match winner in 
Carr, a left-footed right-winger 

Carr, of explosive speed, 
opened by hitting a post and. 
after wasting an extragavant 
amount of possession, closed 
by stretching Mimms to the 
limit Forest’s moral victory 
which included two disal- 
lowed goals, and their recent 
triumph over West Ham and 
Manchester United suggests 
that they will be among the 
contenders next season. As 
long as they are invited to 
compete again with the likes 
of Everton and Liverpool, that 

Spare a thought too. for 
Norwich City, rebuilding their 
once charred stand, Chariton 
Athletic, (he lodgers a( 
Selhurst Park, and Wimble- 
don. who live in a compara- 
tive tin huL As they open the 
door to the elite, it could be 

G Fleming, S Pearce, D Walker, J 
Metgod, c Walsh, F Carr, N Webb. 
N Cfouq 

N dough, 0 Campbell, B Rice. 

R Mimms; G Stevens, P 
van den Hauwe, K RatcWfe. D 
Mountftefd. P Retd. T Steven, G 
Lineker, G Sharp. P Bracewetl, K 
Sheedy (sub: A Heath). 

Referee: B Hill (Kettering) 

Other football, page 28 


Griffiths shatters 
Higgins’s dream 

For the second year running 
Terry Griffiths shauered Alex 
Higgins's dreams of a third 
world title when he won a 
nerve-jangling second-round 
encounter 13-12 in Sheffield 
on Saturday night 
Higgins had been seeking 
revenge for two world champi- 
onship defeats by Griffiths - 
at the same stage last year and 
a quarter-final defeat in 1979. 
when ihe Welshman went on 
to win the world title. 

report about the inconsistent 
decisions made by the referee 
and I hope the powers-that-be 
will take the necessary 
action,” he said, without en- 
larging on his complaint 

Griffiths, without a major 
title for more than three years, 
said: “I have just spent 10 
minutes crying in my dressing 
room, and I haven't done that 
since 1979.” 

Trailing 7-9 when the final 
session began, Higgins pulled 
up to level at 10 and then 1 1 
frames each, before clinching 
a controversial 24th frame, 
when ten minutes without a 
ball being potted led referee 
John Smyth to tell both 
players they had one more 
shot before "he would order a 

Both players appeared to 
accept the position, but al- 
though Higgins went on to win 
65-23 to force a decider he 
later claimed that he was far 
from happy. “I have put in a 

RESULTS: Saturday: Second round 
(GB unless stated): T Griffiths bt A 
Higgins 13-12. Frame scores (Grif- 
fiths first): 23-94, 74-19. S 2-70. 32- 
69. 85-43. 58-68. 6-106, 41-65. 122- 
6. 21-re. 73-30, 114-14.64-42,8-63. 
72-32, 82-80, 36-79. 82-36, 3930, 
49-63. 80-29. 41-60. 64-17. 23-65, 
68-8. J White bt J Parrott 13-8. 
Frame scores (White first): 58-43. 
45-70, 54-67. 67-59. 37-64, 78-29, 
31-76, 70-32, 24-92, 9-95. 76-0. 72- 
17,67-23.72-41. 79-0, 112^.51-64. 
63-50, 54-67, 92-0, 64-10. S Davis bt 
D Mountjoy 13-5. Frame scores 
(Dave firstf 109-16, 19-107. 1-97. 
75-18. 36-71, 57-49. 69-28. 68-58, 
72-25. 98-35. 82-24, 108-28. 87-29. 
88-27. 19-65. 115-22, 79-0. W 
Thorne leads J Campbell (Aus) 5-3. 
Frame scores (Thorne first): 25-82, 
1-75, 43-81. 75-35, 65-43. 93-25. 
127-0, 9340. 


Leeds capitalize on 
St Helens blunders 

By Keilb Macklin 

Halifax, the champions, 
Wigan. Warrington and Leeds 
will contest the semi-finals of 
the last premiership trophy to 
be sponsored by Slalom Lager. 
The surprise result of the first 
round was provided by Leeds, 
who ran in six tries against a Si 
Helens side who were regard- 
ed as the candidates for the 
title. St Helens squandered 
several early try-scoring 
chances, and their defence 
opened up alarmingly lo allow 
Leeds to score three tries from 
as many attacks. 

Leeds grew in confidence as 
the game progressed, and al- 
though St Helens worked 
three good tries. Leeds added 
three more of their own in a 
convincing 38-22 win. The 
Leeds tries came from Gibson 
(2). Kevin Rayne, Owen, 
Medley and Conway, with 
seven goals from Creasser. St- 
Helens scored through Allen. 
Loughlin and Hughes, with 
five goals from Loughlin. 

Halifax are determined to 
prove that their championship 
triumph was not just a trick of 
fixture congestion. Led by 
their Australian coach. Chris 
Anderson, who scored two 
tries, they played some bril- 

liant attacking rugby, particu- 
larly in the second half to beat 
Hull 32-20. One of Anderson's 
tries was a spectacular 60-yard 
run from inside his own half. 

Hall Kingston Rovers 
showed that their minds were 
on Wembley nexi week as. 
after half an hour of token 
resistance, they collapsed 
against Wigan and were 
trounced 47-0. 

Warrington produced a 
“ling fini: ' 

thrilling finish in their derby 
tie against Whines. They were 
trailing 8-6 with just over a 
minute to go when McGinty 
made a break. Bishop support- 
ed him, and Duane finished 
the move with the match- 
winning try. 

In the semi-finals Halifax 
will be home to Leeds, and 
Wigan will entertain Warring- 
ton. In the second division 
Leigh won at Doncaster and 
win the second division title. 

PREMIERSHIP: First round: 
Warrington 10, WkJnes 8; Wigan 47. 

Hull KR 0; St Helens 22. Leeds 38. 
Saturday: Halifax 32. Hull 20. Sec- 
ond divoton: Doncaster IS, Leigh 
20; Keighley 4. Barrow 58; BramJey 

32. Workington Town 22: Wakefield 
Trinity 32. Rochdale Hornets 28: 
Mansfield 26, Blackpool 34; 

_ . - Slackpi 

Runcorn Hiqhfield 37. Hunstet 2i 

Fulham 26. Huddersfield 26. 


Villar takes the lead 

Santander (Reuter) — Jesus 
Blanco Villar. of Spain, won 
ihe 202 -km fifth stage of the 
Tour of Spain in five hours 52 
minutes 4 1 seconds yesterday. 
Eddy Planckaert of" Belgium, 
beat Viktor Demidcnko. of 
the Soviet Union, for second 
Place in the same time as the 

winner. Blanco Villar took 
over the overall lead from 
Marc Gomez, of France. 

FOURTH STAGE (192km): 1. A 
Gutierrez. 5hr 14nwi 39sec 2. E 
Pfanckaert (Baft 3, W Anas (Belt; 4, 
J 5 Cuevas; 5 . D Lecrocq (Ft* 6, v 
Muravsky (USSR); 7. 5 Mutter 
(Switz): 8. J Coll: 9. J Moreno; 10. M 

n'nguez (all same time) 


Noah left 

the baby 

From Richard Evans 
Monte Carlo 

Yannick Noah, of France, 
found himself with a strong 
Swedish connection over the 
weekend. In the space of 24 
hours, the Frenchman scored 
one of the best victories of his 
career over Mats Wilander in 
the semi-finals of the Monte 
Carlo Open, became the father 
of a baby daughter by his 
Swedish wife and then pro- 
ceeded to lose 6-3, 6-2 to 
Joakim Nystrom, Wilanderis 
close friend and doubles 

In the end it was a damp 
demise for Noah who, in 
beating Wilander, had become 
the first Frenchman since 
Pierre Darmon in 1963 to 
reach the Monte Carlo final 
with as thrilling a display of 
pure athleticism as one could 
have wished to see. 

Considering it had come 
after a quarter-final win in the 
morning as the committee 
somehow got the tournament 
back on schedule, Noah was 
entitled to feel exhaused even 
without the news from New 
York where Cecilia Noah was 
having the baby. 

But none of that should 
detract from the achievement 
of the laconic Nystrom who 
strolled through the tourna- 
ment for the loss of only one 
set — to Stefan Edberg in a well 
played semi-final — and so 
collected his fourth Nabisco 
Grand Prix singles title of the 
year, a number equalled only 
by Ivan Lendl. 

The final started in the rain 
but for all Nystrom cared it 
might have been snowing. 
Noah went at him from the 
start and led 2-0 before the 
Swedish passing shots began 
to (low and Noah's lunges at 
the net became less and less 
effective. The end result was 
marginally closer than 
Nystrom’s one-side success 
against Noah in the final at La 
Quinta in February, but not 

On Saturday the emergence 
of the sun enabled the tourna- 
ment to come alive and, 
having suddenly been provid- 
ed with a proper stage, the 
players did not muff their 
lines. Noah was able to reap 
the benefit of an occasional 
error by Wilander while giving 
full rein to his attacking flair 
and breathtaking athletic abil- 
ity. A stop volley winner, the 
product of a full-length dive 
across the net,, was typical of 
the way in which Noah 
thrilled the crowd and, more 
importantly, wrenched the 
game from Wilander’s grasp. 

There remained only one 
further irony. Noah's" first 
child, a boy, is called Joakim. 
Nystrom. in his quiet way, 
thinks that is rather amusing. 







(Ft) bt Fernando Luna (Spk 6-2. 8-3; 
M Wilander (Swe) bt R Agency 
(Haiti). 6-4, 8-1. Semi-finals: 
Nystrom bt Edberg, 7-5. 4-6, 6-3; 
Noah bl WjJander.4-6. 7-8. 6-3. 
Final: Nystrom bt Noah. 6-3. 6-2. 


iiif. ■ • - 

xv 1- , • 

> ™ V t .y-i ;■ *> •"Vi = ,-v /}■*->;,* .it . \ • 

--if 5 r* • : ■ 

The ice men cometh adrift: but Murrayfield Racers finally found their feet at Wembley Arena when they beat Dundee Res- 
ets 4-2 to win their first Heineken ice hockey championship at their third consecutive attempt (Photograph; Oris Core/. 


Prost wins after fuel scare 

From John Bhmsden, San Marino 

The San Marino Grand Prix* 
lived up to its reputation for 
being the thirstiest of all the 
world championship races 
when car after car came to a 
halt in the closing minutes of 
yesterday’s race and the win- 
ner managed to cross the line 
only after zigzagging in order 
to eke out the last few drops 
from his fuel system. 

.Alain Prost whose Marl- 
boro McLaren-Tag had also 
been first to finish Iasi year's 
race but was subsequently 
disqualified when it was found 
to be fractionally underweight 
had no such problems this 
time, though his victory was a 
close calL “Going into the last 
lap my computer told me that 
I had enough fuel with about 
three litres to spare, but 
obviously it was a mistake,” 
Prost said. ** My engine be- 
came starved with three cor- 
ners still to go.” 

The problem was aggravat- 
ed by the fan that two of them 
were slow S- bends, so there 
was little chance of freewheel- 
ing all the way to the line. 
Only his violent rocking of the 
car down the two short 
straights enabled him to keep 
his engine running for those 
vital last few seconds. 

Prost who had taken the 
lead from Nelson Piquet’s 
Canon Williams- Honda after 

the mid race pitstops for fresh 
tyres, then built a lead of 
almost half a minute over 
Piquet who was in severe 
clutch trouble and doing his 

Imola details 

RESULTS: 1. A Prost (Fr). Marlboro 
McLaren-Tag. 60 laps. Ihr 32min 
" “ , 121 .918mph;ZN Piquet 

(Br), Canon Williams -Honda, 
1^36^53: 3, 

G Berger (/ 

Benetton-BMW. 59 laps: 4. S 
Johansson (Swe), Ferrari, 59 laps; 
5, K Rosbern (Fin), Marfeoro 
McLaren-Tag, 58 Japs; 6, R Patrese 
, Olivetti drabham-BMW, 58 laps: 
, T Boutsen (Bel), Barclay Amows- 
BMW, 58 laps; 8, M Brundie (GBL 
Data General Tyrrefi-RenauR. 

laps; 9._M_ Suner_ (Switz), Barclay 

Arrows-SMW, 57 

AJtxxeto (It), Ferrari, 56 tap s. 


1. A Senna (Br) and Piquet ' 15 
st 13: i 

points; 3, Prost 13; equal 4. Berger 
and N Mansell (GB). 6; 6. Rosberg. 
5; 7. J Laffite (Fr), 4; equal 8. R 
Amoux (Fr) and Johansson, 3; equal 
10. Brundie and T Fab* (It). 2; 12. 
Patrese, 1. 

SKIP: 1. WKams-Honda. 21; 2. 
McLaren-Tag, 18; 3, Lotus-Renault, 
15: 4. Benetton-BMW. 8; 5. Ferrari. 
3; 6, Tyrrell-Renautt, 2; 7. Brabham- 
8MW 1. 

best to conserve his gearbox. 
But as Prost slowed during 
the final lap. Piquet with 
plenty of fuel in hand, closed 
to within 7.6 seconds in the 
run-up to the flag. They were 
the only drivers to complete 
the full distance. 

Gerhard Berger, who was 
also in clutch trouble with his 
Benetton-BMW. was running 
in sixth place with three laps 
to go. Then a dramatic series 
of events unfolded. First Mi- 
chele Alboreto, after looking 
likely to pass Piquet suddenly 
swept his Ferrari into the pits 
and out of the race with 
suspected turbo failure. A 
minute or two later Keke 
Rosberg whose McLaren had 
led the race for four laps 
around mid distance, sudden- 
ly slowed and was parked off 
the track as his fuel ran out, 
and within a few seconds 
Riccardo Patrese’s hopes of 
finishing either third or fourth 
were dashed when be, top, 
came to a halt with the 
surviving Brabham-BMW. 

So. suddenly. Berger was 
third and. wisely, as be came 
up behind Prost in the run-up 
to the line, he held back just 
behind him rather than pass 
and then have to complete a 
further lap. He was followed 
home by Stefan Johansson, 
who scored Ferrarfs first 
points of the season, and 
Rosberg and Patrese. were 
credited with fifth and sixth 
places respectively. 

Once again the Arrows team 
finished the race tantalizmgly 
close to being in the points, 
Thierry Boutsen finishing sev- 

enth and Marc Surer ninth, 
with a sore Martin Brundie 
sandwiched between them in 
bis Data General Tyrrell. On 
the wanning up lap Brundie 
lost control on his race car 
which went nose firs into a 
barrier and, after explaining 
that “something seemed to go 
wrong at the tear of the car. - 
he was given an aerosol spray 
of pain killer on a badly 
bruised left knee before being 
strapped into his 1985 spare 
car for the second race in 

It was a disappointing day 
for British drivers. Nigel 
Mansefl. who had been third 
fastest in practice with his 
WiUiams-Honda, was an early 
retirement with a broken en- 
gine. “It had frit rough rig 
from the start,” he said , wh 
Johnny Dumfries, like his JPS 
Lotus team leader, Ayrton 
Senna, dropped out with an 
overheated right rear wheel 
bearing; Jonathan Palmer was 
also out of luck. 

The debut' of die Ford- 
powered Lola started weft with 
Alan Jones climbing up to 
ninth place from 21st . on the 
grid in the space- of onfy . 14 
laps, burshordyafterwaidshe 
suffered a broken goo- linkage 
which then pierced a radiator. 
He was full of praise, though, 
for the engine performance. 


Ballesteros beaten for third 
time after leading the field 

From Mitchell Platts, Madrid 

Howard Clark gave 
Severiano Ballesteros further 
food for thought by coming 
from behind to win the Sepsa 
Madrid Open on the Puerta de 
Hierro course here yesterday. 
An extraordinary swing of 
three shots at the twelfth 
enabled Clark to move from 
two behind to one in front of 
his Spanish rival and from 
that point he did not lose the 

Clark, who had previously 
won the title in 1978 and 1 984, 
had a dosing round of 69 for a 
score of 274, which gave him 
the £20.000 first prize by one 
shot from Ballesteros (70). 

Then Clark rubbed salt into 
Ballesteros's wounds by win- 
ning a play-off for a car, 
valued at £22.000, by holing 
from 25 feet at the first extra 
hole. That prize was based on 
the five-round aggregates of 
the players induding the pro- 
am score last Wednesday. 

For Ballesteros it was the 
third time in three weeks that 

he had lost after appearing to 
be in command. At the US 
Masters in Augusta Jack 
Nicklaus made up six shots on 
Ballesteros in the last ten 
holes. Then a week ago the 
journeyman South African. 
John Bland, started the final 
round two shots behind 
Ballesteros, but came through 
to win tbe Cannes Open. 

On this occasion the twd fth 
hole proved to be Ballesteros' 
Waterloo. He drove left then 
struck his next shot right and 
35 yards short of the green, 
from which point be needed 
four more shots to gel down. 
Clark provided the dagger 
blow by chipping in from 1 5 
yards for a birdie three. 

Ballesteros, who had started 
out level with Clark, had 
moved ahead with an outward 
half of 34, but he now found 
himself under extreme pres- 
sure. Clark immediately holed 
from 10 feet at the thirteenth 
for another birdie and, as 
Ballesteros threatened to 

counter-attack, he holed from 
five feet for a two at the 

“What happened at the 
twelfth was such a surprise 
ihat I didn't even realize I was 
leading.” said Clark. “By that 
time, having been rather tense 
and tentative, 1 had resigned 
myself to the need to relax, 
especially as there were other 
players threatening to catch 

less stated): 272: H Clark. 70. 68. 67, 

69. 275: S BaBesteros (SpL 69. 67; 

m, 69. 69, 70. 

69, 70. 279: 1 Woosnam 
71. 280: J M Olazabal (So). 72.' 88,' 
71. 69. 281: O Se*x*g 67, 

70, 72. 72. 282: R Drummond! 71. 
73. 71, 67; G Ralph. 73. 71. 68. 7ft R 
Rafferty. 70. 70. 71. 71: B Waites, 
71, 69, 69. 73. 283: S Torrance, 70, 

71, 73. 60; A Chandler. 73. 70. 70, 

7ft M KJng, 70. 67. 73. 7ft G Brand 

J nr. 69. 7b. 71, 73. 284: C Mason, 
69. 73, 70. 7ft 285: J Heggarty. 70. 
69. 7ft 74. 28ft G BrandS*, 72. 71. 
73. 7ft J Rivero (SW. 74, 89. 73. 7ft 
A Saavedra (Arg^TO, 76. 69. 71; M 
McNulty JSA). 7ft 89, 74. 71; M 
Martin (Sp). 71. 73. 70. 72; J 
O’Leary, 70, 71. 72. 73. 


Bad break 
for rebels 

Pretoria (Reuter) — The 
New Zealand rugby rebels 
overcame the loss of their 
captain Andy Dalton, who 
suffered a broken jaw, to beat 
a strong Northern Transvaal 
side 10-9 here yesterday. 

The tourists escaped defeat 
when a Naas Botha penalty 
scraped the post in the dying 
seconds of tbe game. Officials 
said Dalton is unlikely to play 
again on the unofficial tour. 
SCORERS: Northern Trsnsvaafc 
Pens: Botha (3). New Zealand XV; 
Try: Clamp. Pens: Crowley (2). 

Other rugby union, page 30. 

Hopes sink 

John HilL Britain's reigning 
world formula two 
powerboating champion, lost 
valuable grand prix points and 
his expensive boat when his 
gearbox broke in half and his 
craft sank to the bottom of tbe 
idroscalo in Milan, during the 
first race of the season, on 
Saturday. Jonathon Jones of 
Carmarthen took the lead and 
picked up the winner's nine 

Dalton: tour setback 

Lovell tonic 

Carson winner 

Willie Carson scored a sur- 
prise victory on Danzica in 
the Premio Regina Elena (Ital- 
ian 1.000 Guineas) in Rome 
yesterday. The English chal- 
lenger, Bustara. ridden by 
Steve Cauthen. finished well 
in fourth, beaten 2 >4 lengths. 

Britain defeated the United 
Slates 3-1 to win the Bathurst 
Real Tennis Cup, sponsored 
by George Wimpey, at 
Queen’s Club. Alan Lovell, 
the amateur champion, who 
had withdrawn from Friday’s 
singles through illness, re- 
turned to win the doubles with 
Mick Dean on Saturday and 
then his singles yesterday. 

Purton pride 

Teresa Purton led a new- 
look British team to a fine 
second place in. a modem 
pentathlon competition in 
Modena, Italy, their total of 
15.111 pts being only 48i 
behind West Germany (Mi- 
chael Coleman writesj.Tanja 
Meyer (West Germany), with 
5. 1 52 pts. won the individual 
ahead of Sophie Moressee 
(France). 5.136. and Purton, 
5.097. Britain's Mandy 
Flaherty scored 5,059 and 
Alison Hollington 4,955. 

Sandy sure Sweet Slongh Eng land out 

A hat-trick by Julian Sandy 
in the final quarter of the 
men's lacrosse Flag Final in- 
spired Hampstead to a 9-8 
victory over Hillcroft at Or- 
pington. Hillcroft led 6-3 at 
half time. 

Slough are the national 
women’s hockey club champi- 
ons (Joyce Whitehead writes). 
They beat Ealing 5-3 on 
penally strokes after drawing 
I-I draw yesterday at Essex 

England are out of the 
European basketball champi- 
onships despite yesterday's 
74-65 victory over Denmark 
in Copenhagen. The crucial 
match came on Saturday 
when Austria beat them 64-60. 


Troke is a 
in the heat 

From Richard Eaton 

Helen Troke’s 6-1 1, 1 1-5. 1 1-3 
win over the Afl-Engiand 
champion Kim Yon Ja res- 
cued a good deal of self- 
respect for England, even 
though the last medal hopes 
disappeared in a .4-1 defeat for 
the women to South Korea in 
the Uber Cup changnonships 
held here yesterday. • 

England's men ended with a 
5-0 win in the Thomas Cup 
over Singapore, but they too 
foiled to qualify after defeats 
earlier in the event to Malay- 
sia and China. 

Both teams reached the last' 
four last time but the plain: feet 
of the matter was that this 
time, after injuries and argu- 
ments and the absence of four 
players, the squad was just hot 
good enough to do any better. 

Indonesia, China, Denmark 
and Malaysia qualified in the 
men’s event with Indonesia, 
tbe holders, looking a likely 
bet to bang on to the title after 
an emphatic win. over Den- 
mark enabled- them to avoid 
China in tbe last four. 

Meanwhile, China, Indone- 
sia. Japan and South Korea go . 
through m the women's. 

Troke was a heroine. The 
heat and humidity were worse 
than ever and the opposition 
tougher. Yet for the first time 
in this event the European 
champion responded with a 
belief in her ability to survive 
in the awful conditions —even 
though she trailed by a game 
and 2-5. 

“U was so unbelievably hot 
out there that J thought I had 
been left for deadr Troke 
said. “But when I looked ai 
Kim she looked even worse: 
and f told myself to get out 
there and do it" - 

However, singles losses for 
Fiona EHion and Gillian 
Gowers and a doubles defeat 
for Karen Beckman and Sara 
Halsall confined England to a 
spectators’ role for the rest of 
the tournament 

There is much to leant The 
physical condition of the 
Asians is. opening up: a gap; 
and next time we shall need to 
be better organised : . and 

RESULTS: Thomas Cu^Groop Al 

Denmark 4. Sweden 

China 4. Malaysia 1. Ubec 
Group A : Denmark 3. Sweden ... 

Grnv B: Indonesia 3, South Korea 

2 . 

The man 
Rggott’s . 

to » — -- _ 

take the mono* of Tale GaBoy 
tB the General Accident Zflto 
Guineas at Newmarket next 

Talking stent the 56- jw- 

RobertSugsttr. Tafe Galley’s 
owner, said yesterday: “Lester 
became the obvious choice 
wtx» Pat Eddery was tnspead- 
cd. Vincent started work on him 
on Friday, bat he look an awfol 
hi of pq ren a rfwig . H owefwj 

finally wort owr to . _ 

yesterday munriag and after 
riding the horse hi a RaSop. 
agreed to ride. We're glad to 
have him baduHi board and Fa 
going to try and get turn to 
partner Double Schwartz in foe 
Palace Home Slakes Ihe same 


Before flying to Paris yester- 
day to mticfc the French 2,069 
Guineas, Ptggott said: “When 
Vincent asked me to ride, I was 
flattens! and cJMflgfrtVhyootr 
After all it would give os both a 
special thrill if fr came off. 
Whether I wfli take ether rides 
is siin open to question." 

The ^upri s i ng thing is tfaft : 
the latest addition to the ian& 
of traiaezs, who bad his second 
winner ia that sphere when 
Jaded scored at Leicester on 
Saturday, la» decided to make 
has come back os a IW 
chance. Tate GaBery was win- 
ter fiff on rite for the Guineas, 
bed tfisappomfcd on his season- 
al re appe aran ce when third to 
lidhaipe st the Cenagh earlier 
this month- - 

Tfe wfedooed financial in- 

icaared-jnast ha at been eon- 
sdenMe bBtPfggatt ateo has a 
beafchy respect for O'Brien's 

of e* acDm fc l to n t ac r- 

ships Oat racing has ever seen, 
the pair tnxBwd to cofitari fbor 
Dethys, two Prix de PArc de 

Piggott: obvious choke 

Triranphe and two King Gcopr 
VI and Queen E&abetb Dte- 
mood Stakes among their an- 
memos mportant triumphs 
it is aba an odds-on chance 
that the first charter m this 
re pr lte saga will open at 
Newmarket on Thursday when 

chin his thirtieth dassic on 
Midway . Lady m the IjQOO 
Guineas. “Ftf be honoured to 
hare the great man ia the 
saddle," the Hly’s trainer, Bea 
Hanbnry, said. . 

Many racing personalities 
were free with then co mments . 
Wife Carson, himself fire 

, — , raised his 

eyebrows to heaven at Sandown 
and said: “That Lester is a law 
onto hfanseit You out never teB i 
what he’s geing to do next" 
Charles St George, Piggott’a 
aid friend, remarked: “I think 
it’s marrefioos news. He must 
find Me pretty deSl as a 
trainer." And Grevffle Starkey,- 
who is due to ride - Dancing 
Brave, the fe roar ft e on Satur- 
day, said: “It aU helps to make 
foe more exciting, I only hope 
that they hare a fbrtone on Tate 

Gallery so that Panting Bare 
can wm at a better price." 

Reganfing Pfegetfs applica- 
tion to renew his licence to ride» 

Peter Twite, the head of admin- 
istration at the Jockey Gob, 
said yesterday: “These matters 
are very much at the discretion 
of the stewards. Tiny can 
impose any conditions they Eke, 
sod as restricting his monat to 
certain races or trainas. hi 
theory he could ride against 
horses trained by hhnsetf and 
that is a natter they will also 
hare to take frtto aocomL 
Officially he has to apply a fefl 
week before he can ride again 
fart they Bright regard him as * 
special case. He has to hare a 
foU licence, not a temporary 

one. Piggottwffl, of coarse, also 

hare to pass a medical ." 

Despite the growing eophoria 
and sense of mounting excite- 
meat generated by the prospect 

of the maestro’s w* » um J all the 

return, n( 

Tbe sflrerj insgac of Vina»t 
O'Brien, die master trainer of 
his era, *ns undoubtedly tbe ' 
decisive factor m tempring Lt> 

•i 4 ' 

: i/ ? 
J ' 

i •* 

'*4 ’ir-.T 





many farewell appearances *t 

must now he giving red fc fl g y 
not only. to those who staged 
flteau -imt- to those of os who 
recorded them wifli teinit our 

Bat as Henry Cecil, one of 
rider's (termer employers. 



. PifiSSt, the jockey is 
“opposed to be dead. Brt beV 
ttttafafy taking a long 
Be down.” . . V :. 

\ - 
* '■ 

. Michael Seely 

Other racing, page 2 9