Skip to main content

Full text of "The Times , 1986, UK, English"

See other formats


=*is^‘ 4 *w? 

Nuclear leak 
casualties at 


By Thomson Prentice and Christopher Mosey 

A massiye radioactive leak These all confirmed a high- rate of “a few millirems an 
at a soviet nuclear power er degree of radio activity than hoof" was not thought high 
statron has caused, casualties normal, and further tests at enough to warrant the evacua- 
,n .^r 31 “ ^, e «<>rid> Forsmark led the Swedish tion of the local population at 

worst nuclear accident. The authorities to believe that the Forsmark, It would not be a 


Soviet Union. 

Mr Hans Ed wall, of the 

though regional specialists 
said that the rate was twice as 

Swedish Institute for Radia- high in Finland as in Sweden 
tion Protection, said:"We are' and Norway. < 


Any question of a nuclear 

amounts as yet There is no lest or missile test accident 

cause for alarm.” 

had been ruled out the Swed- 

He said the radiation was ish military observatory at 
not from a weapons test“h is Hagfors reported, 
definitely from a power plant ,• MOSCOW: Tass claimed 
most likely somewhere in the that the accident was the first 

east" he said. 

of its kind in the USSR, and 

■ - ... . . .. . uiui^ii iu wmidui uic cvdliu. 1 

,n ZT **i a Y “ w0 « s Forsmark led the Swedish tion of the local population ai 
worst nuclear accident. The authorities to believe that the Forsmark. It would not be a 
Irak was so that, it discharge had come from the danger to human beings, at 

a ^ rt . Soviet Union. though regional specialist! 

nearly 1,000 m iles away m Mr Hans Ed wall, of the said that the rate was twice as 
Sweden, including the e vacua- Swedish Institute for Radia- high in Finland as in Sweder 
hon of 600 workers from a tion Protection, said:“We are and Norway. 

Swedish power station, on the talking about very small Any. question of a nucleai 

Baltic coast. amounts as yet There is no test or missile test accidem 

Soviet atomic enemy au- cause for alarm.” had been ruled out, the Swed- 

thomiKi at first told the He said the radiation was ish military observatory ai 
Swedish embassy in Moscow not from a weapons test “ft is Hagfors reported, 
they were unaware of any definitely from a power plant MOSCOW: Tass claimed 
nuclear accident on Soviet most likely somewhere in the that the accident was the first 
territory that could cause a east" he said. of hs kind in the USSR, and 

leak to reach Sweden. Later, the Swedish Energy added in apparent' justifica- 

But later Tass reported that Minister, Mrs Biigitta Dahl, tion that “similar accidents 
an accident had taken place at said that the radioactivity happened on several occa- 
a nudear power station at registered in Sweden could sions in other countries" 
Chernobyl, north of Kiev, and have been carried by winds (Christopher Walker writes), 
that there were some from the Black Sea, from a Since Mr Mikhail 

casualties. region of the Soviet Union or Gorbachov came to power in 

It said “measures were be- from another country. March 1985. there have been 

ing undertaken to eliminate The first stage of the repeated rails in the Soviet 
the consequences of the Chernobyl nuclear plant was press for more open reporting 
accident” at the Chernobyl put into service in September of disasters made the Soviet 
plant, where a reactor had 1977, followed by two further Union, 
been damaged. Aid was being stages in 1980. Its total power • Abandoned villages: There 
given to those afiected by the capacity is 3 million kilowatts, was a serious nudear accident 
leak, it added. A government committee of in the Soviet Union during 

Swedish scientists at first inquiry had been set up by the winter -of 1957-58, according 
believed a leak had occurred -Soviet Union into the acd- to a report published in in 
at their own nudear plant at deni, Tass said. February 1980 by the Oak 

Later, the Swedish Energy added in apparent justifies 
Minister, Mrs Biigitta DahL tion that “similar aeddents 
said that the radioactivity happened on several occa- 
regisiered in Sweden could sions in other countries” 
have been carried by winds (Christopher Walker writes). 

from the Black Sea, from a 


region of the Soviet Union or Gorbachov came to power in 

from another country. 

March 1985. there have been 

The first stage of the repeated calls in the Soviet 
Chernobyl nuclear plant was press for more open reporting 
put into service in September of disasters made the Soviet 
1977, followed by two further Union, 
stages in 1980. Its total power • Abandoned villages: There 
capacity is 3 million kilowatts, was a serious nuclear accident 
A government committee of in the Soviet Union during 
inquiry had been set up by the winter -of 1957-58. according 



at their own nudear plant at 
Forsmark, on the Baltic coast 
about 60 miles north of Stock- 
holm, and evacuated the 600 
workers there. After the evac- 
uation scientists checked radi- 
ation levels at other areas of 
the country, inducting the 

dem. Tass said. February 1980 by the Oak 

The Swedish Defence Min- Ridge National Laboratory in 
istry said an abnormally high Tennessee fUPI reports), 
rate of radioactivity had been the report said that the 
recorded on Monday after- contamination covered be- 
noon by several monitoring tween 40 to 400 square miles, 
stations in Finland, Sweden, It said there was “some loss of 

Denmark and Norway. 

life” and at least 30 villages 

Tories Joseph likely 

struggle to be replaced 

^ntk* within weeks 

Jr By Richard Evans. Lobby Reporter 

By Philip Webster A Cabinet reshuffle which alreadv gaining momentum 

Political Reporter will centre on the depariure of and there appear to be at leasi 

™Sio^rsd- f “^STTSSunm o 

,ooks like ‘y withi "^enc'cjpec. 

A eroding number of Con- deluding a possible joMrain 
SStAai ite the senatlve MPs were convinced ing role. Mr Kenneth Clarke 

S?."* 11 ^ lhe Pri™ the highly capable Paymasiei 
Literatim? affeufe Minister will pan from her General who is the Cabine 
ne^MMriSm oStte are norma ! P racli “ of carrying minister responsible in th< 
cteJjjL r wL ihewmSi oul m,nislenal shake-ups in Commons for employmen 

™'>^becomir>g favouril. 

\7nrtK Wniri i. r in __ j - r\ cnsn^fs before lhe summer for lhe job. 

bvshire West. *hm its recess ‘ P°“ ib, y al Whitsun - Dr Rhodes Boy son. th< 

mrthL (hmnedhv Downing Street sources sig- former headmaster with radi 

nificantly did nothing yester- cal views on education, is the 
SS/S ” \E a ^ 10 “** njmours of choice of the right wing of ih< 

the BBT** 1 im minent Cabinet changes Conservative Party and ha! 
SmlfSJ! 8 P and »« Mid that Mrs the backing of the 92 Group o 
ThTiihSm- Plertor Mara garct Thatcher has an backbench MPs. Dr Boyson 
nl open mind on the subject. A who has been a Northern 

reshuffle before the autumn Ireland minister since Sep 

k oSC&ta wSr was no1 ™ led ouL Such an iember ,9S4 - is 534(1 b ? cl °* 

L S v?!I,o withal approach is in marked eon- friends to be very anxious tc 

trast t0 a when relurn to London after his 

SUfiiEL simiiar speculation about sum in Belfast 
S ministerial changes was firmly Mr Chris Patten, currently 

STt squashed by Mrs Thatcher's number two at the DES. was 
Close aides. widely tipped as Sir Keith's 

secured only 17 per cent of the Sir Keiff,, having an- successor when he moved to 

i *h ii nounced that he will not be the department last year, and 

as toe poll results were standing for Parliament at the his hat remains in the ring, 
disclosed last night Labour nexl general election, has in- Widclv acknowledged as one 
and the Alliance became even creasingly been labelled a of the" brightest junior minis- 
more determined to ensure “lame duck” minister. In ters. he is a leading “wet”, 
that the Libyan factor stays at Whitehall it is accepted that which may hinder his chances 
vote , rs puMS. th al influence the timing of promotion. 

. Mr , N “* Kinnock, the La- 0 f the reshuffle. Outside the front three, 

bonr leader, speaking id a ai Westminster, where se- other names also mentioned 
mmpaign rally in Matlock, n j or Conservatives have been j n connection with the job 
Derbyshire, mocked the privately urging Mrs Thatcher include Mr Kenneth Baker, 
neurotic attrttae of Amen- w replace Sir Keith quickly. Secretary of State for the 

can personalities, business- some opposition MPs were Environment, and Mr Geo- 

men and I tourists m calling off saying yesterday that Cabinet flfrev Pattie. Minister for Infor- 
tiips to Europe in the wake of changes before the recess motion Technology, 
me attack on Libya. And be made a general election next Another incentive for Mrs 
renewed his critiosm of the year more likely. But it is Thatcher to act swiftly is her 

Pnme Minister whom he said unce nam whether Mrs That- determination to enter the 

had pot nersdf into a corner, cher would use the forthcom- next election with a radical 
Mr Kinnock said that stay- ing reshuffle as an opportunity education poliev. The debate 

to resha P e her government within the Conservative Party 
mtensnng way oi snowuig me leam j n preparation for going over education issues has been 
“resolute will of the American t0 country, or wait until overshadowed in recent weeks 
people ot wtiicn resident aimjm n before making more bv the uncenaintv over who 

R< uflu inEii £ e Th,»,.iw W . - wide-raopne actions. will fiU Sir Keith's shoes. 

He said of Mrs Thatcher 1 Meanwhile the battle over 
bhe could not now reflect the w h 0 is to succeed Sir Keith is Leading article, page 17 
views of the country which 

that it wmdd look like-conces- Spode owner BT to reduce 

sions to the terrorists. So she v,* . • , • 

tried to jnsttfy herself by DUIS XI 31 III big bllSIRfiSS 

policy she would Jiave scorned for Wedgwood phone charges 

State for Education and Sci- 
ence. looks likely within 

A growing number of Con- 
servative MPs were convinced 
last night that the Prime 
Minister will pan from her 
normal practice of carry ing 
out ministerial shake-ups in 
September, and announce the 
changes before the summer 
recess, possibly at Whitsun. 

Downing Street sources sig- 
nificantly did nothing yester- 

With the Department of 
Education and Science expect- 
ed to have increased powers, 
including a possible job train- 
ing role. Mr Kenneth Clarke, 
the highly capable Paymaster 
General who is the Cabinet 
minister responsible in the 
Commons for employment 
matters, is becoming favourite 
for the job. 

Dr Rhodes Boyson. the 
former headmaster with radi- 
cal views on education, is the 

day to scotch rumours of choice of the right wing of the 
imminent Cabinet changes Conservative Party and has 

The ministry said that the were abandoned. 

Tomorrow Garages to Leading US airlines add £3 
systems launch charge for extra security 

failure 1 cashless 

m * 

. i - ; 

How the 
- toss of - 
the space . 
puts NASA’s 
under the 
microscope • 

New security measures .for 

-^ByRichardJ>owdefl - 
smaller American airlines fly- 

' By Richard Thomson . 
Banking Correspondent 

A new age in retail banking 
will begin within the next few 

all transatlantic flights*- or- ing iuto Gatwick .said ten- 
dered by the United States costs had increased signifi- 

microscope | cash, cheques or credit cards. 

-•Safo# I But-far from involving the 

- >1 - high street banks, the move 

(JmB M-f/ g 9 towards “cashless shopping” 
ygjTif* is being led by British Petro- 

1 ^, together with two 
xyn g m American banks and a handful 

( tX W - g of building societies. 

BP has agreed to provide 
_ Eleclronic Funds Transfer at 

• Two readers Point Of Sale (Eftpos) facili- 

shared the dafiy Times ties at more than 2,000 of its 
Portfolio Gold prize petrol stations, beginning with 
of £4,00$ yesterday — local schemes throughout the 

?T±JttSe 3 isan- Eftpos systems 

?th?r d pA raTn^j hpUjrtn i» ve tried on a funded 
omer £4,000 to be won. t^ s over the last two years, 

• You will need the the BP scheme will be by far 

Portfolio Gold card to the largest and is the first 

play the game. De- attempt to give nationwide 

tails of where to obtain coverage. , , 

a card If you have Eftpos allows bank and 

anv difficulty aetfina tnnlding society customers to 

pay for what they buy with an 
one from your news- ordinary cash card. The card is 
agent are on page 3- passed through a machine into 

• Portfolio Gold list, which the customer enters his 

page 30; rules and how personal identifiction number 
to play, information and his bank accountis mime- 

service, page 20. diaidy debited by the amount 

of the purchase. 

— i The BP scheme will enable 

-p 1- . , r S j customers to buy petrol and 

TT other goods ai BP stations 

using a cash card. A customer 
Ufll COW ow - - will also be able to withdraw 

li 1 1 ! ■ - cas 11 froni lhe j* 

Lt U \(\ SH yA r Q debited to his account in the 

-L?- -j w . 1 same way as a withdrawal 

L, * from a cash card machine. 

^ The scheme will be operated 
s'* > .by Funds Transfer Sharing 
i (FTS), a company set up by 

J N. \ nine financial institutions to 

\ develop electronic banking 

> C facilities. FTS is already a 

y* member of the Link consor- 

/* 'tVvy&^s >f/ [** tium of institutions setting up 

V Iff a network of cash card 

i' f machines. 

, IfFCv Members of FTS include 

i*aU? w / the world's largest bank, Cili- 

i. A ll rc , bank, and American Express. 

Karmal IaIKS Most other members are Bnt- 
Moscow Radio broadcast an ish bmlding societies, includ- 
interview with President i*?8 . Entannia, Coventry 

weeks, enabhng customers to 
buy.™* aJ™ elec- 
ironically without the use of 

Government in the wake of tbe candy and a surcharge was a 
bombings at Rome and Vienna possibility, 
airports, are proving so expra- The Department of Trans- 

sive that Pan American Air- port has also introduced strict- 
ways and • Trans World er security nt Heathrow, where 
Aidines have introduced a £3 the number of spot checks on 
surcharge for all passengers passengers has recently in- 
and it seems that other airlines creased from one in 20 to one 

may follow suit 

TWA confirmed that die £3 
or $5 charge had been intro- 
duced last Friday to pay for 
“extra security cover and 

No one would discuss de- 
tails of the new measures, 
which were introduced on 

in three, but it is understood 
that these have been intro- 
duced independendy of the 
new FAA rules. 

Mr Ken Lanterstein, die 
FAA representative at the US 
Embassy in London, con- 
firmed that Britain had agreed 
to help implement the new 

April 15 by foe Federal Avia- regulations at British airports 
don Authority, but one airline and that they did involve some 
official indicated their tom- new measures _ as well as 
onghness by pointing out that tightening up existing ones, 
they were costing nearly jhe new measures will be 
£1,000 a flight. discussed at a meeting of 

The measures are under- airline representatives at the 
stood to include a higher ratio US Embassy tomorrow, 
of searches of passengers and El AL toe Isreali airline, at 
baggage, but will not mean present arranges its own secn- 
armei guards on flights. rity in addition to airport 

British Airways and British security ami is believed to have 
Caledonian both said they had “sky marshalls” - armed 

officer who found the bomb 
carried by Miss Anne Marie 
Mnrphy at Heathrow last 
week. The bomb is believed to 
have been planted on her. 

Mr William Tench, an ex- 
pert on air safety, said yester- 
day that he thought the 
American airlines had been so 
impressed by El AI's safety 
record that they were trying to 
imitate their security. 

• BEIRUT - The Abn 
Nidal Palestinian guerrilla 
group said yesterday that ft 
killed Mr Paul Appleby, aged 
28, of Bristol, who was shot on 
Sunday in East Jerusalem, in 
reprisal for the US air attack 
on Libya (Renter reports). 

The claim came m a 
typedstatemeat delivered to a 
foreign news agency. It said: 
“The group of martyr Mnnzer 
aMJadri in Jerusalem has 
carried out the death sentence 
on a member of British intelli- 
gence while be was on an 
mldligence mission.” 

and it was said that Mrs 
Maragarct Thatcher has an 
open mind on the subject. A 
reshuffle before the autumn 
was not ruled out. Such an 
approach is in marked con- 
trast to a year ago. when 
similar speculation about 
ministerial changes was firmly 
squashed by Mrs Thatcher's 
close aides. 

Sir Keith, haring an- 
nounced that he will not be 
standing for Parliament at the 
next genera] election, has in- 
creasingly been labelled a 
“lame duck” minister. In 
Whitehall it is accepted that 
that will influence the timing 
of the reshuffle. 

At Westminster, where se- 
nior Conservatives have been 
privately urging Mrs Thatcher 
to replace Sir Keith quickly, 
some opposition MPs were 
saving yesterday that Cabinet 
changes before the recess 
made a general election next 
year more likely. But it is 
uncertain whether Mrs That- 
cher would use the forthcom- 
ing reshuffle as an opportunity’ 
to reshape her government 
leam in preparation for going 
to the country, or wait until 
autumn before making more 
wide-ranging alterations. 

Meanwhile the battle over 
who is to succeed Sir Keith is 

Spode owner 
bids £151m 

the backing of the 92 Group of 
backbench MPs. Dr Boyson. 
who has been a Northern 
Ireland minister since Sep- 
tember I9S4. is said by dose 
friends to be very anxious to 
return to London after his 
stint in Belfast. 

Mr Chris Patten, cuirently 
number two at the DES. was 
widely tipped as Sir Keith's 
successor when he moved to 
the department last year, and 
his hat remains in the ring. 
Widely acknowledged as one 
of the" brightest junior minis- 
ters. he is a leading “wet”, 
which may hinder his chances 
of promotion. 

Outside the front three, 
other names also mentioned 
in connection with the job 
include Mr Kenneth Baker, 
Secretary of State for the 
Environment, and Mr Geo- 
ffrey Pattie. Minister for Infor- 
mation Technology. 

Another incentive for Mrs 
Thatcher to act swiftly is her 
determination to enter the 
next election with a radical 
education policy. The debate 
within the Conservative Party 
overeducation issues has been 
overshadowed in recent weeks 
by the uncertainty over who 
will fill Sir Keith's shoes. 

Leading article, page 17 

big business 

three weeks ago.” 

The survey conducted in the 
constituencies last Thursday 
and Friday and involving 
1,474 voters, gave the Conser- 
vatives 44 per cent support in 
Ryedale, the Alliance 37 per 
cent and Labour 19 per cent, 
the sort of position from which 
the Alliance has been able to 
win to past by-elections. 

At Derbyshire West the 
contest appears wide open 
with the Conservatives on 37 
per cent, the Alliance on 32 per 
cent and Labour on 30 per 
cent. Conservative support has 
dropped a further 3 percent to 
Ryedale and 2 per cent in 
Derbyshire West since the 
poll last nighL 

Both the Alliance and La- 
bour are 2 per cent up to 
Ryedale while Labour is np I 
per cent to West Derbyshire 

By Richard Lander 

Wedgwood, the Stafford- 
shire company known 
throughout the world for its 
fine china, is fighting a £151.2 
million takeover offer from 
London international, the 
consumer products group. 

Sir Arthur Bryan, chairman 
of Wedgwood, rejecting the 
bid as “quite inadequate." 
said that the interests of 
shareholders, employees and 
customers would be much 
better served by Wedgwood 
remaining independent. 

London international wants 
to merge Wedgwood with its 
Royal Worcester Spode sub- 
sidiary. Wedgwood shares 
closed 28p higher at 36Sp. 

Bid rejected, page 21 

By Jeremy Warner 

Business Correspondent 

British Telecom is planning 
to reduce its charges to major 
business customers in a move 
that signals the start of a fierce 
price war with its newly 
licensed competitor. Mercury 

The fight for business cus- 
tomers is likely to mean higher 
prices for residential tele- 
phone users. 

Members of BTs “Hundred 
Club” comprising its top 200 
customers hav e been told of 
an “optional call plan” which 
will allow customers with 
more than 20 lines to cut their 
telephone bills by between 15 
and 20 per cent a year. 

Details. Kenneth Fleet. 

page 21 

lt added that the killing was 'with the Alliance stable at 32 
in reprisal for “American ag- per cent 

Caledonian both said they had “sky. marshalls” - armed 
no plans to introduce a securi- guards on its (lights, 
ty levy, but several of the It was an El Al security 

gression and toe collusion of 
the government of Thatcher 
against Libya.” 

Focus on Libya, page 7 

Bnt the conclusions about 
the public reaction to the 
Libyan raid will raise consid- 

Con tinned on pege 20, col 3 

Protests upset jail Tin mining likely 
settlement hopes to end in Britain 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

Continued industrial action refusing to take new arrivals 
yesterday and over the week- until the population was down 
end by prison officers had put from 205 to the 127. 

By Tim Jones 

The end of tin mining in laid off 280 workers and has 
Britain seemed almost inev- said its future is bleak unless it 
itable last night after Rio gets a £22 million rescue pack- 
Timo Zinc announced that it age from the government 

prospect ofMninl was id close its three mines in The crisis in the industry 

with them in jeopardy. Mr a challenge to the right of 
Douglas Hurd, Home Secre- management to manage. He 

tary. said yesterday. 

repeated that on manning 

Cornwall with a loss of 1,000 stems from the default of the 
jobs because of “substantial International Tin Council last 

After a one-and-a-quarter- levels — the central issue of the 
hour meeting with Prison dispute — it was the job of the 
Officers Association chiefs he managers to take note of the 
said that he had reports of views of the POA then take a 
action by officers at Glouces- management decision. 


If they close, there will be no 

October and lhe subsequent 
failure of the 22 member 

ter. Swansea and Northaller- 
ton. near Darlington. 

This follows the suspension 

Mr Hurd made it clear to 
the POA leaders that he was 
not prepared to negotiate with 

of 20 prison officers from jails . .gun £ his.hercl. AT for « £££?££ 
throughout the country at the the POA is a package of ^ cconoyny ■ 

weekend. proposals including pay talks. ^ lhe do / ures ^ 

interview wild rresiaem 
Babrak Karmal of Afgbani- 

Yorkshire. Gateway. 

sian in an attempt to dispel Town & Gotonw. T o fi- 
doutus about his position and oonce companies. HFC Trust 
the mvstery surrounding his & Savings and Western Trus t 

& Savings, are also members, 
whereabouts. « =£. ran * ^ 

/r T7r\OT~ TC vV by anyone holding a cash card 
(( r \ J Uo JJ issued by a member of FTS 
x > - - - ~ -s/ but it will be extended to all 

The Institute of London Un- members of the Link consor- 
derwriters is a vitally impor- tium in due course. Lmfc 
tarn pan of the world which includes the Abbey 
insurance market. A Special National building society, the 
Report looks at its particular second largest in die country, 
role in the City fttgra 27-29 aims lojiave issued ai lost 
-four million cash cards by the 

U MtVt w , 3 i U«Ryort 32 CT d of this year. 

17 BP has a record of financial 
JtS? 4 w Night skv 18 innovation. It has set up its 

Birdm deaths, OStomy - W own in-bouse bank and last 
marriages .18 PgUya em 43g y-^r established ' the first 

rJSf” 2, H 153“ 36 - 40 - Eftpos system in Scotland 

otomv&iazs 39 wftha limited tot sucres^ii 
Di«y i« TV£ta£o » experiment involving 26 nll- 

Featares 14-16 W- -gather 20 j n _ ctannns in Aberdeen in a 

Prison department officials 
said that at Swansea there was 
a form of go-slow. 

Officers from Gloucester 
due to man Worcester Crown 
Court had not done so. An 
official said: “We have not 
heard of anyone being turned 
away from the court.” 

At Northallerton, a youth 
custody centre, officers were 

• Mr Gerald Kaufman. Shad- 
ow Home Secretary, yesterday 
called for the Government to 
negotiate an early end to the 
prison officers dispute to 
avoid- turn ing jails into tinder 

Speaking on ITNrs News at 
One. he said lhe Home Office 
should listen more carefully to 
the officers' complaints. 

working mines left in an area governments to agree a com- 
which once boasted 600 of mon course of action. That: 
them. culminated in the decision by, 

It appears that only a huge ihe London Metal Exchange 
injection of government mon- in March to cease tin trading, 
ey can sustain the centuries- In spite of modern mining 
old industry which has been equipment, large investment 
the bulwark of the west Cora- and a loyal and dedicated 
wall economy. ‘ work force, the Cornish mines 

If toe closures go through, could not compete on price 
male unemployment in the with tin won more easily in 
area will climb to almost 50 foreign countries, 
per cent and there is no Mr Brian Cal ver, managing 1 

with thiSflS 



If within 3 months of accepting Pnme-Loan you 
obtain an offer of a comparable loan from another 
Finance House on better terms, send us the offer 
and we unconditionally promise you: 
the nght to dear your Pnme-Loan account 
without notice. AND 
* an immediate FULL REFUND of the difference in 

charges incurred 


You can use it (o clear existing debts - cut your outgoings 
AND have spare cash to spend as you wrsh> 


prospect of the men obtaining director of toe three mines. 

other simitar well-paid jobs, which are run 


Because of a knock-on effect Consolidated, a wholly owned 
on small dependent indus- subsidiary of RTZ said: “If we 
tries, toe total number of do not get financial assistance 


£ 2,000 

| £30,000 

for homeowners 
...over periods ot 
5 years to 2D YEars- 


Funds tor any 



IV Variable 

Where loans qualify 
for tax relief this is 
equivalent to a rate of 

unemployed will be higher. 
Geevor, toe other main 

from toe Government we will 
have no option but to carry on 

Fcr a jO -y*ar- nlrf with ¥: 
il >e&-i me mewMy •? 

peymenr inrJuding ;> 

lire H^r.ijtance is K 

L3Ti2. ara ioi a id- 

yeai-iUJ :tie momnl, 

payer, Kill is £6733 

fleipucuveiy me 



owners only please ?s 

security is feqmred 

mine in Cornwall has already with the closures.* 

Sparing the blushes of grey TV men 



sport 3®4frj 39 

•four million cash cards by toe 

TWftSSd offinancial pufe S *t National Untonof The’ Liverpool news centre 
innovation It has set uo its Journalists. In a bare-£aced has the latest in new technoi- 
own in-house bank and last display of anion solidarity toe but no make-up artiste, 
year established the first broadcasters appeared unde- whereas in Manchester the 
■ Eftpos system in Scotland niahly wan and pufly on toe ^ bpUetia presenters fowl 
wftoa limited tot successful screens last nighL made fall use of Granada s 

Bv Robin Young they have been using since 
transferring from Manchester 
News presenters with Gra- t0 Granada’s new news centre 
T*nifl Television were yester- at Albert Dock, Liverpool, a 
day ordered to down powder fortnight ago. 
ptsffs by the National Union of The Liverpool news centre 

16 TV&lts&o 39 experiment invoking 26 fill- They are the victiiiis of a large make-up room, m Lirer- 
14-16 tfeagghcr ^ jug stations in Aberdeen in a trade onion dis pute over the ft wl they attetoc J to their owii 

This led toa complaint from 
the Broadcasting and Enter- 
tainment Trades Alliance 
(Beta), the make-up artists' 
trade association. 

Mr Harry Conroy, the 

l - m #if tli 

promptly responded to Beta's 
representations with an order 
that the presenters should not 
do jobs which would hare been 
done by Beta members. 

Granada Reports news bulletin 
presenters who is also the 
NUJ deputy father of chapel 
(branch chairman) at Granada 
TV, said yesterday; “This hits 
me very bard because now 1 

pimples showing. And I have 
these big grey things under my 
eyes. I know that at some other 
companies ft is custom and 
practice for presenters to do 
their own cosmetic 


Plr.t* .sort m? lull 'IpI^I". Ifli ■; iu.m «l lUi Vi.' Mi5-1_ 

.VjJSS MV Afi* IS, 

■ PQSir.QDE — 

■ Premie r Portfotio i 

| Prwr.wr Hnu f « C'WllumSiw? ” ' — 

— e ..j.— nr* ti« 1,1 -n^, lBni , 0 simply better personal finance 


fil Servants likely to 
accept Treasury’s 
final 6 % pay offer 

Arson at 
ruled out 

By Michael HorsneB 

By Colin Hughes, Whitehall 

Most of Britain’s 500.000 
Civil Servants are expected to 
accept the Government's final 
5 per cent pay offer, made fay 
the Treasury yesterday. 

The offer has been made on 
the understanding that leaders 
3 f the “consortium" of five of 
the largest unions will recom- 
mend acceptance to their 
members. It will add 
E240 million to the 
Government's pay bill this 

Although reluctant to settle 
for a rise wen below their 1 7 
percent claim, and marginally 
below what they see as the 
"going rate” of 6JI5 per cent, 
the union leaders believe that 
their members are in no mood 
this year for a campaign of 
industrial action. 

The “consortium” five 
unions are those which re- 
fused to discuss with the 
Treasury its proposals for a 
long-term pay structure: the 
Civil and Public Service Asso- 
ciation, the Civil Service 
Union, the Society of Civil 
and Public Servants, the In- 
land Revenue Staff Federation 
and the Northern Ireland 
Public Service Association. 
Between them they represent 
most non-industrial Civil 

hall staff, which has refused to 

and juniors a minimum of £3 25,000-member 
a week. Officers’ Associauc 

. at Hampton Court in which 

Officers’ Association, which is t ^ y Gale died. 

unlikely to settle on pay until poi^ who have been 

The Treasury takes the view - b 
that many of the low-paid are eI< 
already being helped by sepa- 
rate offers of increases outside 
the annual pay round. Tr 

About20Q,000 clerical staff {J* 
will receive rises of about 2 per 
cent for automatic data pro- ^ 
cessing, and typists and secre- 1 

its dispute over manning lev- conducting a two-year inquiry 
els is resolved. into corruption at the Proper- 

The FDA rejects the Services Agency, which 


Treasury's approach because administers fte «»d 

the Government is refusing to was no link between .the 

arguments on com- f* re ®°d fraud squad 

cognize arguments on com- 

Its strongest card is the 

fire and fraud s 

The fire destroyed the 
meat of Sir Richard 

— - JL n r are leaving to take better-paid 

5 icSj a^S^« h^ jobs outside the public service. 

put in an uncomfortable post- The Treasury believes its 
tion by being offered the same strategy of unilateral oners of 
as the other unions, although selective salary improvements 
its 90,000 members agreed to to shortage staff is meeting 
discuss the Treasury's tong- fhai need. It has, for example, 
term pav plans and therefore increased salaries for some 
expected better. professional, technologies^ 


Government's former strategy yc ^’ ■ 

of using Civil Service pay to That approach seems likely 
hold down public sector pay to extend regional variations, 
rises. That is widely agreed The Treasury said yesterday 
within Whitehall and among that discussion with the Coun- 
ministers to have foiled. cil 0 f Civil Service Unions will 

The other two areas of continue over London 
difference are the First Divi- weighting, proficiency, re- 
si on Association, representing sponsibility, allowances, 
the 7,000 most senior White- hours and leave. 

Whitehall code mooted 

Ctril Servants who believe 
ministers are misleading or 
lying to Partiament and the 
pnbfic should have a right of 
appeal to Commons select 
committee chairmen and the 
parliamentary ombu d s m a n , 
according to proposals for a 
Whitehall code of conduct 
drawn up by the First Division 

The code, which is likely to 
be agreed by the association’s 
pnniml conference next month, 
is its answer to the dilemmas 
raised by the Clive Footing 
case and the Westland affair. 

The association's 7,000 

that in the increasingly politi- 
cized climate of WhitehaU. 
traditional principles are no 
longer wholly adequate to cope 
with extreme cases. 

The balk of the 
association's proposed code, 
which will carry considerable 
weight among backbench MPs 
in the mounting debate, ac- 
cepts Sir Robert s restatement 
of long-standing principles. 

ft recognizes that Civil Ser- 
vants should be politically 
neutral, and wholly impartial 
in advice, diligently implement 
government policies in “spirit 
and fetter”, and not seek to 

Three days later the body of 
Mr George Indge. a fire patrol- 
man at the palace, was found 
floating in the Thames. 

An inquiry into the fire was 
ordered by Mr Kenneth Bak- 
er, Secretary of State for the 
Environment. A spokesman 
said that he saw no reason to 
link the two deaths with the 
corruption inquiry. 

The Property Services 
Agency said a weekend report 
that the fire had been started 
in the Cartoon Gallery in an 
attempt to cover trades in the 
corruption inquiry was untrue 
and that damage there was 
confined to water from 
firemen's hoses. 

A spokesman said it was 

nuun auu icavc. . j 

untrue that investigators had 

1 -. J arranged to meet in the gallery 

‘tlfllBI the next day to inspect oak 

llUUiVU panelling which had been 

one government to another inaccuracy described as part 
implied that in their official ?Jj, l ^$ n c ? ntTact( * s * 
duties Civil Servants should 

.void personal identification £fty-Evt bufldm 


of any particular administra- j 

tion, the association says. I 

But where Civil Servants the past two years for alleged | 
“consider that they are being comipnon. 
asked to assist ShusterThl “ f I 

Tn Kiggriing or lying to Parlia- Mr lodge, aged 50, and a | 

mentor the public” they «■« gj» “gj "} j 

should advise the minister or a Jjjjj GajE ’^f ed 75 ’ ** 

senior official in writing, and 10 he arranged. I 

record a copy ofthehr advice on 1 

file. m T L 

Sift t^DoSUlpMtawhy contracted to the Property outside Bow Street Magistrates’ Court central fetter of five, w prised .by * judge at tire 

Servi«s Aiepcy apd 12 agon- U^ycsttrdayatorcccWngao award for l^«*« «h*f 

members, who form the hoik of obstruct or delay government 
senior Civil Servants, are re- policy. 

spooding to the memorandum 
published by Sir Robert Arm- 
strong. Secretary to the Cabi- 

Those who are personally 
and seriously opposed to a 
particular policy should be 

net and Head of the Home allowed to retrain and trans- 
Gvil Service, which was in- fer. “If they wish to cany their 

tended to “steady nerves” in 
Whitehall after the Pouting 

Manv Civil Servants feel 

disagreement to the pomt of 
public debate, they should 

Continuity of service from 

If that foils, they should 
consult their Permanent Sec- 
retary or head of department 

If be or she endorses the 
Civil Servants’ misgivings, 
and fails to resolve them in 
discnssioD with the minister, 
then fte chairman of ' the 
relevant select commflteft or 
the parliamentary commis- 
sioner should be informed. 

IRA gunmen fire volley at funeral | £»£ 

Nurses ‘angry’ at 
pay award delays 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 

Nurses said yesterday that of fte scale received £10,000. 
the- Government will face The recommendations of 
“tremendous anger” ’ in the the independent review body 
run-up to a general election if on nurses^pay were- handed to 
it phases in or refuses to folly Mfc Margaret’ Thatcher last 
fund this year’s nurses award. bpt a decision <nrtte 

Mr Trevor Clay, general aWd.’dnefiwn Aprif f.isnof 

Printers ‘explore’ 
Murdoch’s offer 

IRA gunmen defied Irish 
slice to fire shots at fte 

Irish police made no effort 
to intervene as fte gunmen 

leral of terrorist Seamus slipped back into fte crowd. 

masks and battledress, flanked 

McEiwain, aged 25, was 

expected for some time. 

Mr Clay said fte college had 

McEiwain yesterday . 

Three masked gunmen 
wearing paramilitary uni- 

tire nurses’ annual congress in been buoyed upby the success 
Blackpool that the decision to °* t* 5 . £250,000 advertising 
nhase in last year’s award, so campaign against National 

slipped hack, into the crowd. mcl twain, agea zd, was pbase m ^ award, so campaign against National 
But there was a strong police shot dead by an SAS under- ---y nurses not eg- Health Service changes which 


cemetery, cover unit at Oslea in Co 

a volley of shots dressed in riot gear. 

More than 100 officers were Fermanagh on Saturday and 

with automatic pistols outside 
McElwain's home at 
Knockazallon, Co Monaghan, 

another man, Sean Lynch was 

A large crowd gathered at seriously injured. 

McElwain’s home to accom- 
pany fte coffin and an IRA 

as cortege began the journey to “guard of honour” of seven 

fte cemetery. 

men and two women, wearing police guard. 

Sean Lynch was said to be 
in a serious condition in a 
Belfast hospital. He is under 

that many nurses did not see :>erv “? e cnanges wmen , 

fte full increase until the last it claims are damaging nursing 
two months of the year, was andpatirai ore. | 

“vicious” He said other health unions, 

including fte Confederation 
He said that, even after fte of Health Service Employees 
latest increases, a staff nurse and the National Union of 
was paid only £6,000 a year Public Employees, would be 
while a ward sister at the top asked to join die campaign. 

Intertiatiohal- - 

Apparent interest m. the 
proposal emerged last week: 
when their leadens held a 
preliminary meeting with 
Unity Trust On Friday, the 
TUC formally requested the 
bank to seek details of the 
offer from News 

Yesterday the ' National 
Graphical Association asked 

successful newspaper could “be 
achieved on the basis of a 
party propaganda organ. 

Meanwhile, the Depmi- 
ment of Trade and Industry 
said it was investigating com- 
plaints by Capitol Radio and 
LBC that their programmes 
were disturbed for about 30 
minutes on Sunday morning 
by a pirate transmitter broad- 
casting a statement in support 

Mr Frank Barlow, the chief of fte print workers. 

NUM unlikely to 
end receivership 

By Onr Legal Affairs beyond the reach of the courts 

Correspondent by sending them abroad. ; . By Richard Evans 

An attempt by the National baaks^ are also bei ng Lobby Reporter 

U^n tflE^oriceis today r NCnistcr 

to end fte 16-raonth receiver- CT P° rt of the 1X010115 g* *e Armed Forces, con- 

ship of its assets looks certain TfSavMrAmnHmatKiik finned last night t hat the 
to be frustrated because of a C ^ vemmci 5 approved 

High Court action pending P*?* 6 rcp ?J * plans to produce anew genera- 

agSnst Mr Arthur Scaralirtte Jusuce Mervyn Davies this tion of chemical weapons, but 
Son’s president ' and fte union had hoped he said that they would not be 

.. that might signal an end to fte deployed in Europe 

The action against him was receivership. mpeacetime. 

rL-m 8“* tte action a gai nst fte His reassurance foiled to 
P ,£° « officials, due to be convince all Conservative. 

heard in ]aauaf y next year, MPS, let alone Labour and 
represents an obstacle: there is Alliance members who con- 
the question of who would demited American plans to 
were not tit to go so. 12 kg over fte action if the *♦« «*t**"»“*»t 

The receiver, Mr Michael receiver is discharged. , — — — j «>-— 

Arnold, an accountant is Although those appointed 
seeking to make Mr Scargill, by the NUM to be new 
whh Mr Michael McGahey, trustees have said they would 
NUM vice-president and Mr consider taking over the case 
Peter Heath field, general sec- in an attempt to have fte 
retary, personally liable for receivership lifted, legal prob-, 
more than £100,000 of losses lems remain over the prospect 
arising from attempts to put of the NUM suing its senior 
£8.5 million of union funds officers. 

US nerve 
gas plans 

• By Richard Evans 
Lobby Reporter 
Mr John Stanley, Mmiste 

executive ax fte Financial 
Times, to advise it on' the 
feasibility of publishing a 
newspaper from the Gray's 
Inn Road plant - 
News International has giv- 
en the unions until May 7 to 

The self-styled “Radio 
Wapping” transmitting from 
north-east London, con- 
demned electricians working 
for News IntemarionaL 
• Robert Telaur, aged 33, a 
former Times printer, was 

accept the offer of the plant remanded on conditional bail 
and £15 million in compensa- until May . 20 -charged with 
lion for 5,500 print workers assault canting actual bodily 

that might signal an end to fte deployed 
receivership. inpeac etim 

But the action against fte His real 

he said that they would not be 

deployed ' in Europe 

His reassurance foiled to 

NUM officials, due to be convince all Conservative 
heard in January next year, MPs, let alone Labour and 
represents an obstacle: there is Alliance members who con- 
the question of who would demited American plans to 
take over fte action if the modernize its chemical weap-‘ 

dismissed when production 
moved to Wapping-'Wn 

Mr Mike Mareton. execu- 
tive director of Unity Tntst, 
said be was trying to arrange 
an early meeting with News 
International to clarify,' its 
proposal “If this was grang to 
involve a financing package, 
we would have to have precise 
detaiis,'*Tte said- 

Mr Barlow said he had 
agreed to advise the. unions on 
fte viability of .creating -a 

bans during a demonstration 
at the . News International 
plant at Wapping last 

Mr Tetaur, ofDorldng Cres- 
cent, Clacton, Essex, is alleged 
to have assaulted Barry 
Skeggs. He was remanded on 
bail with a condition that he is 
not to go within three miles of 
Wapping. He was also bound 
over in fte sum of £100 to be 
of good behaviour until May 
20 and was released on a 
surety of £1.000. 

receiver is discharged. 

Although those appointed 
by the NUM to oe new 

ons stocks with binary gas. 
Qted Dr David Owen, the SDP 
new leader, said it was “morally 

Political Reporter 

The Labour Party proposed 
yesterday the rariog ofagnnti- 
iural land and buildings ana 
an expansion of tte common 
ownership offend 35 pan ofa 

rural charter designed to «- 
tabUsh rtsetias fte party of the 

^^Ub^foow^ed the pack- 
age. which also recommends a 
drastic revision of fte form 
price-support system and fte 
stimulation of alternative cm- 

ptovnteni to agriculture. A the 

bv-etenioos where forming 
and the need , to strengths 
other rural industries are 
strong campaign issues. 

As the battle for the rural 
vote intensified, fte Liberals 
presented their own “manifes- 
to for rural Britain", which 
opposes the c on ce n tr ati on of 
land in fewer and fewer hands 
but rejects nationalization and 
agricultural rating; while the 
Tories drafted in Lord 
Whhelaw, the deputy Prime 
Minister, to reassure the 
doubting formers of West 
Derbyshire. . 

Labour's rural programme, 
introduced by Mr Brynmor 
John, the party’s agriculture 
and transport spoke sm en, at 
Matlock. Derbyshire, prom- 
ises a drive to create worth- 
while jobs in rural ares in 
construction, woodland man- 
agement, leisure, the environ- 
ment and light industry. 

It states: “Labour believes 
that the problems of. rural 
areas deserve, equal consider- 
ation. with those of urban 

But the charier did not 
dodge fte issues that will win 
it few votes from fte forming 

On rating, it says that 
farme rs should make a defi- 
utie. contribution to reritaliz- 
fte rural economy. “We 

By Garin Bell 

Print union leaders have newspaper and that he would 
called in their bankers and a behaviqganznfonnalrDBau^ 
newspaper executive to. ex--- with their leaders soon. He 
pkire Mr Rupert Murdoch’s ' said be would not wish to 
offer of the -former . Times prejtufee fte prospects of such 
printing plant in settlement of a venture succeeding howev- 
their dispute -with -News er, he riid not befic ve that a 

porting niral. services and 
communities should be shared 
more equitably between the 
forming ~asd non-forming 

Although it foils short of 
allocating fend nationaliza- 
tion. the programme states 
that Labour’s aim is 10 expand 
the common ownership of 
land. It -promiscs to set up a 
fond bank 10 control land 
already bekf in puWic and 
sritiHH&lic ownership.' • 

The: Liberal document 
stains that "tjte’ Conservative 
record on jural issues is 
l a mentable while Labour has 
shown less and less interest as 
its rural vote declines. 

It supports the private own- 

K' riTi'ili"r 

fTTiflfi, 1 I ■) 

states: “Wc view with concern 
| the increasing concentration 
of more and more land in 
fewer hands — often big insur- 
ance companies and pension 

It, too, proposes the estab- 
lishment of a land bank to 
help young formers and prom- 
ises measures to discourage 
the selling of county council 
forms and smallholdings and 
the amalgamation of form 






I <71 1 1 -■ t B * 1 '# ■ ^ Ti 

pinscher at a dog show in 1983 
was awarded £3J00 damages 
against the owner in the High 
Court yesterday. 

Bonnie Dickason. aged 
nine, of Hanley . Wintney, 
Hampshire, had tried to pat. 
the dog, which belongs to Mrs 
Susan Shrimpson. of Botley, 

trustees have said they would repugnant” to support the 
consider taking over the case deployment of nerve gases, 
in an attempt to have fte while Mr Dentil Davies, the 
receivership lifted, legal prob- Labour spokemsan, said fte 


lems remain over the pr 

proposals would jeopardize 

of the NUM suing its senior) the Geneva peace talks. 


Scargill’s ‘panic job’ 

An electrician was asked to 
repair the cruise control on a 

thenworked at a 
Barnsley, South 

car driven by Mr Arthur said he bad been asked to fix 
Scargill a few days after the fte vehicle’s cruise control 

One look 
tells you it’s 

Distinctive lightweight sports 
jackets from £149, worn with 
DAKS trousers from a selection 
in lightweight wool from £52. 
Telephone or write to receive 
yourfree ropy of the DAKS 
Spring Suit Collection folder, the 
new Simpson Mail Order 
Catalogue, and information on 
our new Simpson Signature credit 
card - two convenient ways to 

miners' leader was stopped for 
speeding, fte High Court in 
Manchester was told 

Mr James Lament told the 

Mr Anthony Nelson, Con- 
servative MP for Chichester, 
voiced the concern felt by 
some government backbench- 
ers when he said: “Some of us 
who are fte staunchest propo- 
nents of a nuclear strategic 
d e ter re n t are gravely con- 
cerned about the wisdom of 
developing and building op a 

“I was toldlf we didn't get it developing and buik 
working we would lose fte stockpile". 

NUM business. Everybody • Decisions on the replace- 
was panicking”, he said. roent of the Royal Navy’s 
Mr Scar yU , aged 48, of assault ships, HMS Fearless 

and HMS Intrepid, which are 

court fte 70mph control de- Yews ^ nc 'il° rsi J! ou / S ^ 1 ®: 
rice on the Jaguar XJ6 could Qear Barnsley, K cfeuriing 

not have been working when exemplary oaraagesiorumaw- 
Mr Scargill claimed £ have ftl unpnsonmem while the 
been using it on the Ml in P°b cc quesooned him aho nt 
t„t« iQM the alleged speeding offence. 

J The hearing continues to- 


near Barnsley, is claiming planned to be withdrawn from 
exemplary damage for unlaw- service in the mid-1990s may 

S t ,./T I 

ililli 1 r* riy 7 ' 


be deferred as port of an effort 
to contain defence spending 
over the next few years (Rod- 
ney Cowton writes). . 

Leading artide, page 17 

Decision on cheap fares deplored 

swig m 

By lVEchad Baily, Transport Editor 

w 1 j i’ < rr» » 

Government refusal to al- ^nd buses at off-peak times. 

low concessionary fores for the 
jobless along with children 

But ministers oppose the 
idea because it might work 

and fte elderly is deplorable, against fte “unemployment 
fte Association of County top” ,n which low wage 

Swipson (Piccadilly) Ltd. ^Piccadilly. 
London WlA 2AS. Telephone: (01) 734 2002 Ext. 381. 
My «.00 am <o 5.30 pm. Thursday;; 4.00 am to 7 00 fm. 

Councils said yesterday. 

The argument favouring 
cheap fores for the unem- 

eamers are often worse off 
than fte unemployed. 

The association pointed out 

ployed is that it will help them . that the Transport Act, 1985, 
to look for work and will mean enabled fte Secretary of State 
passengers for empty trains for Transport to make addi- 

tional categories of people 
eligible for concessionary 
travel, but he had consistently 
refused to do so for the 
unemployed or even to dis- 
cuss fte matter with ideal 
authorities -who want to. 

In a statement, the associa- 
tion said it deplored his 
refusal to discuss the matter, 
saying that it had serious 
implications for many people. 

M i W > iTjTir 3 

Li ti-j SB 






Travel trade resigned 
to drop in US tourists 
after the Libyan raid 

Tbe . tourist industry 
throughput Europe and the 
Mediterranean area is count- 
's ing the cost of the American ’ 
retreat' from international 
travel in the wake of the 
Libyan raid. 

Cancellations on transat- 
lantic flights are so heavy that 
airlines are “consolidating" 
three flights into, one, and soil 
flying with empty seats. 

„ It is not only well-pubfi- • 
cized_ pop stars and film 
directors who are. cancelling 
their navel plans. IBM can- 
celled its convention, anrf the 
losses are heaviest from, the . 
business incentive travel and 
the tourist group markets. \ 

By Robin Yonag 

In London, leading hotels 
are resigned to the net that 
their North American trade 
will be down by anything from 
one fifth; to two fifths on-fast 
year's record levels, when 
Americans accounted for one 
fifth of Britain's foreign visi- 
tors and nearly a . quarter of 
their spending here. 

But the British travel trade 
consoles - itself -with the 
thought, that things are even* 
worse in Athens, Rome' and 
the. Mediterranean cruise mar- 
ket. “Americans think that 
Europe is; one place, and that 
at present it is a battle 
ground," said one tourist in- 
dustry spokesman yesterday.. 

Cancellations rise 

3 ’ ? 


in Paris and Bonn 

Fear of terrorist attacks h** 
dealt a blow to tourism in 
Western Europe this summer, 
particularly as afar 
asAmerkans visitors are con- 
cerned. Here is a conntry-by- 
country asse ssment : - 
Madrid: Tourist ranrpnatiiwm 
as a resalt of international 
terrorism has been less than 
other Mediterranean nations, 
the Genoa! Secretariat of 
A Tourism said. Cancellations 
have been coming, principally 
from the United States and 
Canada, countries which rep- 
resent only a small fraction of 
the tourist flow to Spain. 

Paris: Up to 50 per cent of 
Americans planning to come 
on holiday to Franced nring 
March, April and . Mire have 
cancelled their visits, largely 
through fear of terrorist at- 
tacks, according to estimates 
provided by the US Travel 
Service. In the week iramedi- 

By Staff Reporters 

atefy after tbe raid, Air France 
registered 4,000 cancellations, 
mainly by Americans. ' 

Bonn: Ever since the bomb 
attack on the West Berlin 
discotheque early this month, 
rumours have been sweeping 
the West German tourist in- 
dustry that the Americans are 
not coming this year. At a 
place popular with Americans, 
for example, Rudeshehn, a 
picture postcard example of a 
town on the Rhine, the mayor. 
Dr Schlephorst, reported SO 
per cent of hotel bookings by 
Americans have been 

Athens: Upper bracket tourist 
trade m Greece has already 
written off 1986 as a dead loss, 
after b^e cancellations by 
American tourists too nervons 
to travel to Greece. 

after tbe recent spate of 
terrorist attacks ami the US- 
Libya conflict • 

Mr Duncan Bluck, the 
chairman of the British Tour- 
ist Authority, is going to Hie 
United States tomorrow on an 
extended promotional tour, 
trying to repair some :of the 
damage that has been done in 
the. American media. He will 
be attempting to capita fire on 
the Queen's walkabout in 
Covent Garden' on her. 60th 
bbnhday, and her open coach 
ride with the King of Spain, to 
prove that life does go on as 

• Tbe association says that 
the impact . on Britain's tourist 
industry should not be cata- 
strophic. Four fifths of Ameri- 
cans who visit Britain travel 
independently, and 70 per- 
cent are repeat visitors. How- 
ever. forward reservations at 
hotels are well down on last 
year’s bumper levels. 

Those • American tourists 
who are. in London reflected 
tbe national anxiety about the 
wisdom of travelling at 
present. The only ones who 
bad not seriously considered 
cancelling their journeys were 
those who had been told they 
could not get their money 

Members of the Arkansas 
Automobile Dealers' Associa- 
tion,' which has been holding 
its conference ai the Tower 
Hotel, had contacted their 
state senators for advice be- 
fore. making the trip. Many 
could still quote the reassming 
statistics about the improba- 
bility of sudden death . at 
terrorist hands quoted to them 
by their travel agents. 

But Mr Terence Kinden, of 
Port Richey, Florida, here for 
three, ^weeks with his. wife 
Marie, said yesterday as they 
stood beneath Big Ben: “If we 
bad not come, we might as 
well have said that . the terror- 
ists had won." ' 

Sightseeing in London yesterday, Norman and Floy Erickson, of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, who 
are not allowing the terrorists to stop their holiday 

Tribute after Bradford fire 

A new radio “Oscar" was 
presented to Pennine Radio 
yesterday as a tribute to the 
station's response after the 
Bradford football fire disaster 
a year ago. 

The award, for outstanding 
service to tbe community by a 
local radio station, was pre- 
sented for the first time and 
was amonbg the radio awards 
given by Sony at a ceremony 
in London. 

Radio Four won seven 
awards: best drama produc- 
tion ( Hiroshima, the Movief, 
best current affairs pro- 
gramme (File on 4, “South 
Africa: Reform or 

Revolution"); comedy (Delvel 
Special ); classical music 
(“Symphonies and Silence"): 
best dramatisation 

(Muchousen); technical excel- 

lence and achievement (“Fes- 
tival of Nine Lessons and 

Other awards were: 

Gold award for outstanding 
contribution to radio: John 
Timpson. BBC Radio Four. 
Radio personality of the year 
Douglas Cameron. Independent 
Radio News. 

Special award for services to 
radio: BBC and Independent 
Radio Local Radio for par- 
liamentary broadcasting 

National disc jockey: Jobn Pee! 
Best actor Ray Smith for Radio 
Three's A Kind of Hallowe’en. 
Best actress: Jane Asher for BBC 
Radio Scotland's Winter 

Society of Authors' award for 
best script: A Kind oj 

Best magazine: BBC Radio 
Norfolk's Norfolk Air Line 

Best local radio programme: 
Goodbye Ullage School. BBC 
Radio Wales. 

Best specialist music pro- 
gramme: BBC Radio Derby. 
Radio reporter of the year Mark 
Jordan, Capital Radio. 

Sports broadcaster of the year. 
George Gavin, BRMB Radio. 

Best popular music programme: 
Piccadilly Radio. Manchester. 
Best community service 
programming: Radio Clyde. 

Best children's programme: Ra- 
dio Aire. Leeds. 

Local radio personality of the 
year Mike Hurley. BBC Radio 
Humberside. Radio Academy- 
award for best creative use of 
radio: Radio One for Peace on 

Best outside broadcast: Radio 
One for coverage of the Live Aid 

‘hours of 
hell’ after 
son’s fall 

By Craig Seton 
Gavin HalL the boy aged 
five who was hauled to safety 
after falling on to a ledge next 
to a 100 ft sheer drop on 
Cannock Chase, Staffordshire, 
munched toast and cereals in 
his hospital bed yesterday as 
his mother spoke of her “six 
hours of hell” waiting for 
rescuers to reach him. 

Gavin, battered and 
bruised, was expected to 
spend a second night at Staf- 
ford General Hospital, but he 
was well enough to tell his 
mother. Mis Dawn Hall, how 
he saw a fireman “come to get 
me out" after he fell down a 
bracken-covered hole and be- 
came trapped in the rock 
crevice on Sunday. 

Mrs Hall said: “I went 
through hell for six hours. I 
had prepared for the worst, 
but I had never experienced 
such relief and joy when they 
pulled him out" 

Mrs Hail had kept away 
from the immediate scene of 
the rescue in case Gavin heard 
her voice and struggled as 
firemen and mine rescue spe- 
cialists worked to free him. 

She said that Gavin told 
her “I fell down a big hole and 
then a man came to get me 

He was given a toy dog by 
an anonymous well-wisher 
yesterday and he immediately 
named it Bernard after Fire- 
man Bernard Gidman who 
stayed with him throughout 
his ordeal. Gavin's fell hap- 
pened after he was taken by a 
neighbour. Mr Barry Bolton, 
and his two stepsons to 
Cannock Chase to kick a 
football about 
The police believe that 
Gavin stumbled into a hole 
caused by mining subsidence. 

Doctors at the hospital said 
that he would probably be 
kept in for observation, but 
that he had escaped from his 
ordeal without serious injury. 

Portfolio Gold is a 
family effort in tbe Langton 
household in North Wales. 

Yesterday it was daughter 
Katherine's torn to see if they 
had the right numbers and the 
family now shares a £2,000 

A delighted Mrs Christine 
Langton said: “Both my 
daughters help me to play 
Portfolio Gold. We are so 
excited and didn't believe our 
luck at first" 

Mrs Langton said the fam- 
ily, of Pantymwyn, near Mold, 
had not yet decided how to 
spend the money. 

The other winner. Mrs Eliz- 
abeth James, a Lewisham 
housewife, was equally de- 
lighted with her family's 
£2.000 win. 

Mrs James's daughter, Sa- 
rah, aged 17, and her son, 
Jonathan, aged 8, often join iu 
playing Portfolio Gold. 

The family have decided to 
put the money towards a 
holiday this summer and to 
buy something for tbe garden. 

You will need the new 
Portfolio Gold card to play the 
game. If yon hare any difficul- 
ty in obtaining one from your 
newsagent, send an sJLe. to: 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

Mrs James: win pays for 
family holiday. 

Payout to 

* ex-client 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

One of the most publicized 
and damaging cases against a 
solicitor has untied with an 
out-of-court settlement paid 
by the Law Society .tothe 
South ' Wales b usinessman 
who was overcharged by 
£i3r,ooa •• 

The society agreed to pay 
Mr Leslie Parsons £50,000, 
with legal costs of £15,000, on 
the baas of the time and 
trouble to which he had been 
putin pursuing a complaint 
against his former solicitor, 
Mr Glanville Davies. 

* Mr Parsons bad claimed 

* £400,000 damages in the High 
Court, alleging that the society 
had foiled in its statutory duty 
to investigate properly the 
complaint against Mr Davies. 
The society denied any breach 
of statutory duty. 

Mr Davies was ordered by 
the High Court to be struck on 
the roll in proceedings brought 
by Mr Parsons after the Law 
Society had failed to investi- 
gate the matter thoroughly. 

Mr Davies had acted for the 
businessman in a lengthy legal 
dispute over the invention of 
an onion-peeling m achin e and 
had charged him £198,000 in 
fees, a sum eventually reduced 
by the courts to £67,000. 

A subsequent internal re- 
port by the Law Society found 
its handling of the affair had 
been a disgrace and that there 
had been wrong decisions, 
errors of judgement,, a failure 
io communicate, high-hand- 
edness and insensitivity. 

£50,600 view 

A world record price far a 
John Constable watercolour. 
£50.600, was paid at Phillips 
in London yesterday. A land- 
scape. probably of Hamp- 
stead. it was bought by the 
dealers Basket! and Day.. 

I BeWara* BfTn Bg. 

Canada S3-7B: Canaries W 200; 
Cvun» 70 rents: DenmarK OJr J.Oft 

ruBSK MMt9«TFr»ceFra aow 

BrnMIC 40p; July L 2 ■ iOS Luxwv 

9 00: Pakistan Rat 18: Portugal esc 

*s stfanffUF* 


A Saudi prince was jailed 
for force months on drugs 
charges at Knightsbridge 
Crown Court yesterday. 

. .Prince Mashour ben. Sand. 
Aziz, aged 32, a nephew of 
King FabdVof Saudi Arabia, 
was given three' months for 
possessing cocaine and. 12 . 
months, nine -suspended, for' 
possessing foe drug with in- 
tent to supply it. The sen- 
tences will run concurrently. 

The prince was told by 
Judge PowuaU after a three- 
and-halfraonth trial: “Every- 
one can feel sorry for an 
addict. But addicts only be- 
come addicts because of then- 
inability to refuse and because 
of foe peddlers' evil trade” 

The prince ofChevaJ Place 
South Kensington, was found 
guilty on Friday of posssessing 
cocaine with intent to supply. 
He was cleared of conspiracy 
to import and supply foe drug 
but admitted possessing ft. 

Before' he was sentenced, 
another charge was laid 
against him. of possessing 
cocaine at Gloucester place. 

Prince Mashour, victim of an 
“evil trade". 

west London, on’ February 13, 
and he asked that ft be taken 
into consideration. The court 
was told that he was arrested a 
month after the trial began, 
outside .. an address: being 
watched by foe police, carry- 
ing cocaine worth £1,000.-.; 

Judge Pownaft told foe 
• prince he accepted that be bad 
supplied drugs to his friends 
free -of charge- But he added: 
“When you do that you are 
nonetheless helping others to 
snort a drug which can and 
does do enormous damage. 

Mr John Matthew, for the 
defence, said that in the past 
few months foe prince had 
tried to give up cocaine. He 
was prepared to give an 
undertaking to return to Saudi 
Arabia- for a minimum of 12 
months ^to complete a course 
which will enable him to free 
himself from addiction”. . 

Four others were sentenced 
yesterday. Judge Powneflsaid: 
“Those who set out to import 
dangerous drugs are no better 
that salesman of misery and 
degradation. “But since it is 
dear to me that the real 
viflams. are not in foe dock 1 
cannot pass the kind of sen- 
tences that should be passed: I 
suspect that what I have heard 
is only tbe tip of the iceberg." 

Dlno -Branco** Sadler, aaed aft. of 
SouUivraod Road. Dmtjblt. con- 
victed of conspiracy u> import and 
conspiracy to supply cannabis. was 
sentenced- to Ta months* Jafl Pul 
because of Uw time spent In custody 
trw Judge entered Ms retoaoe. • 
Maxima - Mohammed, aged 25. Of 
Ryders TPi-race. St John's jWood. 
north-west London, who admitted 
poraestng cocaine, was. sentenced to 
nine nuauhs suspended for two years. 

The court was told Andrew 
Jamieson, aged 36. of Gilbert Pure. 
Hoiborn. convicted of two offences of 

supplying cocaine, had six previous 

convictions for n o mnaiug drags. He 
was laUed for two years. 

' Alan NOroton. aged 24. of Ford> 
wych Road, criddewood. north-west 

Condon, convicted of supplying can- 

nabis. was laUed foe three months.. 

Three others were cleared of an 
charges last week. 

Rest homes criticized 

By Craig Seton 

Private rest homes have 
been accused of providing 
inhuman treatment, danger- 
ous medication and over- 
charging after a 12-monfo 

A report. Realities of Home 
Life, published by the Nation- 
al Union of Public Employees 
and West Midlands County 
Council, says disturbing; ev- 
idence of regimentation, 
understaffing and low pay had 
been recorded from experi- 

ence by volunteers in 14 
home& - 

Government policy on cash 
and manpower resources had 
allowed what have, been called 
elsewhere “warehouses of 
death” to flourish “without 
any genuine attempt to set 
down acceptable standards. 

The report said the callous 
treatment of residents was, in 
stark contrast to Department 
of Health and Social Security 
standards. - 

Americans present case for sugar 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 
Controversy about sugar ease, diabetes, hypoglycemia, expenditure . foe report rays, 
and health, which in foe past hyperactivity in i children and 
has led to angry accusations of even criminal^ behaviour are 
misrepresentation, seems cer- related to ea 
tain to be reawakened by a 
report published in London 

Tbe report, by the American 
Council on Science and 
Health- says sugar is not the 

Doctors and others- who 
have been urging peopleto cut 
their sugar consumption are 
“Based on the analysis of certain to react strongly to foe 

report which comes after last 
week's report by foe British 
Nutrition Foundation. - 
Professor David Conning, 
director of the foundation. 

scientific evidence, the coun- 
cil concludes that sugars do 
not pose a threat to health 
when consumed in the 

dS'ifbwIfitafmMy ™a“iy U in^he 1 u'nite?sj^ whirtTis finan«d^tte fr«d 

e>,B S C !Sl*liS , S5 WCepSoTo? tK ttal releasing onljf the conclusioiisi 
are no valid a nd other carbohy- of a two-year investigation 


&««« 3b " X foundation .port nd- 


™ apugrew be exaggerated g>orw ^ Q f day, and added that over- 

• truifh decav Series they can contribute to weigh! people should eat !«s 
In addition to tooth - 2JP™ 5 . SJ-. jf. consumed in because obesity increased the 

energy ^ofS^v - - 

All 9 Beethoven Symphonies 


Enjoy all nine ctessicBeethoven Symphonies as 
performed by the world-famous Halle 
Orchestra conducted'by James Lough ran - 
and make a tremendous saying on high -street 
pricesat the same time 
As a special introduction to Tbe Classical 
Selection Club, we are offering this superb 
boxed set - stereo records or stereo cassettes, 
you choose - for just £3.95. Well even pay 
the cost of postage! 

As a Club Member you can have the pleasure 
oflistenmg to all the great symphonies, 
concertos, operas, ballets and much more. 
You’ll be able to select original recordings by 
the worlds top orchestras, featuring famous 
names such as Andre Previn, Kiri Te Konoxo, 
Plocido Domhigp, John lliilioms and many 
more. All on me best-known record labels - 
at competitive prices! 


Variations'^ the colour illustrated Club 
magazine which you’ll be sent FREE about 
once every three months. Even' edition is 
packed with helpfel information and impartial 
guidance on over 40 of the latest and finest 
recordings - all specially selected by our panel 
of experts. ,*111 ive ask is that you choose at 
least' one recording from each magazine 

during your membership. Minimum length 
of membership is for 4 magazines. 

...simply complete the coupon and post it to 
want you to enjoy listening to the recordings 
FREE for 10 days before deciding if you want 
to keep them and join The Classical Selection 
Club. Ifit doesn’t live up to your highest 
expectations simply return the set and well 
cancel your membership. You will owe 

Return foe coupon today - to receive your 
boxed set ofBeetboven’s Complete 
Symphonies as soon as possible. 

All recordings are posted in perfect condition, 
well-protected in special packing. You will 
never be asked to pay for them in advance. 
The Classical Selection Club is a service of 
WH SMITH and Doubleday. your assurance 
of quality and good service. 


Qid j 

EO. Box 199, Swindon, SN3 4PX. 

There's no better 'zay to collect classical music. 


To: The Classical Selection Qub f/ £ 
EO. Box 199, Swindon, SN3 4PX. 

7 L.P wiifc □ |240l 

• ,,cs lh 

Yes. please accept my application 
m enrol as a memher ofThe 
Classical Selection Club and send 
me the boxed sei of Btwfiozi//: The 
Cmpiek'Smjdmns. I understand; 
will invoice me a total of/3.95. Postage is 
free. If I am not completely satisfied. 1 will 
return the boxed set within 10 days and we nothing. 

As a member I w ill receive about every three 
months a FREE edition of the Club magazine from 
which I agree to buy at leasr one reconi or cassette. 

1 understand that the minimum length of 
membership is for 4 magazines. If alter this time 1 
wish to cancel. I may do so by giving one month's 
notice in writing. I am over IX years of age. 

Mr Me. Mii>_ 

!•!.' K. n ! r 1 ihK' 

, lr , -i"itlJin«iii-!ftl , iMhrniT l M' t'l"ij lV. 












t to 
s in 





v. If 









parliament April 28 1986 

Chemical weapons • EEC farm prices • Shipbuilding 

moves on chemical . MPs *f ar 
Weapons designed to 
achieve total ban minin s? 

EEC deal begins to reduce 
attraction of cereals 


Tfe Go vernment noted with 
“ooern the massive chemical 
■ capability of the Soviet 

Unum and considered that Nato 
™P°“ continue, as its first 
pnarujf , to work urgently in the 
«pent negotiations in Geneva, 

. able global ban on all aspects of 
chemical warfare, Mr John 
S tanle y, Minister ofStatc for the 
Armed Forces, said in reply to a 
-private notice question in the 

8°“* requiring the 

United States 10 modernize its 
chemical weapons stocks with 
binary munitions is being dis- 
cussed collectively within Nato, 
in accordance with normal Alli- 
ance procedures (be said). 

We believe that United States' 
moves towards moder nizing its 
limited retaliatory capability 
with binary weapons will under- 
Jin® to the Soviet' Union the 
benefits of reaching early agree-' 
■ meat on a total 

In; tile event that it is not 
possible to achieve such a ban. 
United Stales chemical weapons 
modernization would contrib- 
ute- to upholding Nato's deter- 
ment strategy of flexible 

Mr Dentil Davies, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on defence 
and dis armament, asked if a 
recommendation that binary 
nerve gas weapons should be 
part of Nato's armoury had 
already been accepted by Nato 
military representatives, includ- 
ing the United Kingdom's 

Was that recommendation 
soon to be discussed and consid- 
ered by the civilian permanent 
representatives and ministers of 
defence, including the British 
Secretary of Slate for Defence 
(Mr George Younger)? 

Was one of ihe proposals that 
the FU 1 s at Upper Heyford and 
Lakenhealh should be equipped 
with chemical bombs — he 
thought they were called Unary 
spray bombs — or were MPs to 
be told that the Government 
had not been asked and did not 

. If those proposals were ac- 
cepted, they would do consid- 
erable political damage to Nato 
and the Atlantic Alliance. Far 
from helping the Geneva talks, 
they would jeopardize them and 
lead to further 

weapon capability had been 
considered by the military 
representatives, but not the 
ambassadors and ministers at 

The United States had in- 
dicated that they had bo plans to 
deploy binary chemical weap- 
ons in any foreign country in 
peacetime. If such a move were 
to be considered in future, the 

beforehand with the countries 
concerned. (Labour protests). 

He disagreed about the im- 

plications lor arms controL It 

bad been well-demonstrated in 
the INF development. That bad 
made the Soviet Union nego- 
tiate more seriously than before. 

It was pan of the British 
Government's position, its fore- 
most priority, that efforts to try 
to achieve a total worldwide ban 
on chemical weapons should 

The Soviet Union bad taken 
advantage of the feet that the 
United States had not modern- 
ized since 1969 and had estab- 

lead to further escalation of the 
arms race. 

Would Mr Stanley make it 
ejear that the British Govern- 
ment would, if necessary, veto 
these proposals and never allow 
these hideous and new weapons 
on British soil? (Cheers). 

.Mr Stanley said the propo sa l for 
a force gaol for modernization 
of 'the United States' chemical 

Nelson: Concern abort 
hideous stockpile 
tished a massive chemical 
warfare capability. 

It was of vital importance thal 
our deterrence of the chemical 
front was maintained. 

Sir Peter B laker (Blackpool 
South, C), a former Minister of 
State for the Armed Forces, said 
the present proposal for Nato 
was more likely to persuade the 
Soviet Union towards a ban 
than was the view of the 
Opposition, which seemed de- 
void of com monsense. 

Mr Stanley said the implica- 
tions for defence of not having a 
retaliatory capability would be a 
major handicap for 
conventional forces and reduce 
the nuclear threshold. 

Dr Davfd'Owen, Leader of the 
SDP: It would be morally 
repugnant for this country to 
give any support to the deploy- 
ment of nerve gases which are a 
hundred times more potent than 
mustard gas. 

This is not necessary for Nato 
and it is a form of warfare and 
weapons systems which this 

country should condemn totally 
and not agree to deploy. 

Mr Stanley: There is no ques- 
tion of deployment so far as the 
United Kingdom is concerned. 
Our policy remains unchanged. 

When he says it is repugnant, 
I must remaind him that 
throughout bis time as Foreign 
Secretary, when he had 
responsibility, the United States 

Peter Vfegers (Gosport, Q 
said the feet that the Soviet 
Union had continued to build 
up its stocks of chemical weap- 
ons and now had 80,000 spe- 
cially trained troops together 
with specialized de-contamina- 
tion vehicles demonstrated that 
unilateral disarmament did not 

Mr Stanley said be endorsed 
that view both as to the efficacy 
of one-sided disarmament and 
the scale of the Soviet chemical 
weapons capability which was 
estimated to have reached 
300,000 tonnes, a massive 
stockpile, together with alter- 
native methods of delivering it. 

Mr Patrick ’Daffy (Sheffield, 
Atterdifie,Lab) asked what the 
storeage implications were 
should the United States, in 
certain circumstances, decide to 
deploy such weapons in other 
Nato countries. 

Mr Stanley said there were no 
such implications until the 
United Slates approached the 
United Kingdom with a specific 
request. No such request had 
been made and the United 
States had made it dear that no 
such request would be made in 

Mr Roland Boyes (Houghton 
and Washington, Lab) said there 
was something illogical, 
contradictory and obscene 
about saying there had to be an 
increase in chemical weapons 
before there could be a decrease. 
Mr Stanley said there was 
nothing obscene about giving 
oneself a deterrent capability if 
ever such evil weapons were 
used against this country. 

Mr Anthony Nelson (Chich- 
ester, O said even those 
staunchly supporting the idea of 
a nuclear strategic deterrent 
were gravely concerned about 
the wisdom of deploying and 
building up a stockpile of ever 
more hideous and novel means 
of killing each other. 

Whatever position the US 
took about a build-up on its own 
territory there should be no 
question ofa similar build-up in 
the United Kingdom or any 
other Nato countries. 

Mr Stanley said be could only 
speak for die United Kingdom 
in sayiqe there was no question 
of a build-up of binary ammu- 
nition in the United Kingdom 
in peacetime. 

Fens about the effects ot pro- 
posed o p e n cast coal a risi ng in 

Wales were voiced by ba ckbe n ch 
Welsh MPs on both sides of the 
House during Commons 

Peers demand curbs Ca *i for ban 
on religious cults i£ 8 ! 


A call for legislation to deprive 
the Unification Church — the 
Moonies — and similar cults of 
their charitable tax-free status 
and to control what be called 
their evil activities came from 
Lord Denning find), former 
Master of the Rolls, at question 
tim e in the House of Loras. 

. Earlier he had been told by 
Lord Hafbham of St Maryle- 
■ bone, the Lord Chancellor, that 
the Treasury Solicitor estimated 
that- the trial at first instance of 
the Attorney General's actions 
concerning the charitable status 
of the two trusts associated with 
the Unification Church was 
unlikely to be concluded before 
late 1988 or early 1989. 

Lord Denning bad asked when 
the Government expected a 
final decision to be made by the 
courts as to the charitable status 
of the church- He said that a 
deplorable time had elapsed 
since the decision taken in 
March 1981 after the Daily Mail 
had exposed the Moonies and 
their evil practices. 

A jury had thought the news- 
paper was justified and had 
added a rider that, tbe tax-free 
status should be investiga t ed. 
Surely another five years would 

not have to pass before a 
decision was made? 

Surely it would be better and 
quicker (he said) to have a short 
statute depriving this cult and 
similiar cults of tax-free status 
and controlling their evil 

Lord Hailsham of St Maryie- 
bone: I think perhaps be is 
straying into a discussion of the 
merits of the case which is sub 

Lord Allen of Abbeydale (Ind) 
said that, in addition to the two 
charitable trusts concerned, 
there were 90 other organiza- 
tions of a non-chari table kind 
connected with the Unification 
Church. Therefore a decision to 
strike the two charities off the 
register would not necessarily 
mean the end of that church. 

If the church was to be 
banned, it was a matter for 
Parliament. Thai would raise 
the question of religious tolera- 
tion which would not be entirely 
Lord Haflsham of St Maryle- 
booe said he did not have 
particulars of the 90 associated 
bodies. He supposed that any 
legislation of this kind would be 
either private or hybrid and the 
House would realize the diffi- 
culties which sometimes at- 
tended those. 

A demand for real turtle soup 
and frogs' legs to be banned 
from the menus at the House of 
Commons was made during 
question time by Mr Tony 
Banks (Newham North West, 
Lab). He told Mr John Biflen, 
Leader of the House of Com- 
mons. that it was unacceptable 
that MPs could still buy real 
turtle soup and frogs' legs in the 
Commons restaurants and 
asked him to instruct the Cater- 
ing Subcommittee to stop 
purchasingsuch obscene items. 
Mr John Biflen: I cannot buy 
them at that price level, but I 
will convey Mr Banks's com- 
ments to the Catering 



Mr Tam Daiyefl (Linlithgow, 
Lab) unsuccessfully sought to 
initiate an emergency debate on 
the difference between reasons 
given by the Prime Minister for 
the American use of British 
bases in the raid on Libya and 
the reasons given by a Pentagon 

.Mr Eric Deakina 
(WaltbamstowXab) was un- 
successful in an application for 
an emergency debate on the 
common agricultural policy 
price package announced this 

The exchanges were initiated 
by Mr Keith Raffia (Delyn, C) 
who asked Mr Wyn Roberts, 
Under Secretary of State for 
Wales, to seek a meeting with 
the National Coal Board chair- 
man to dissuade the board from 
applying aggta to taw opraca^ 
■ * at Foot F"™i id "W 
an attractive rural 

area with Ugh quality land. 

The dmh™n should be fold 
♦hat the last appUcatfoo was 
rejected because the need for 
opencast mining had not been 
demonstrated- The board wonM 
be bard pat to prove the need 
now *!«■♦ coal stocks were high 
and oil prices tad collapsed. • 

Mr Roberts said it was for the 
NCB to decide if there tad been 
sufficient change in the drcnm- 
staaces since die earlier derision 
on the see to warrant their 
■waiting a fresh application. He 
could not comment on the merits 
of the situation as the case aright 
come formally to the Welsh 
Office for a decfeaoo. 

The procedure for applica- 
tions for opencast mining had 
changed since March 1984 and 
they me now dealt with as part 
of the normal planning 

Mr Donald Coleman (Neath, 
Lab) asked Mr Roberts to 
exercise care when h an d ling 
these applications which were 
strongly opposed by local peo- 
ple. There was sensitivity in 
many Soutlr Wales areas. 

Mr Roberts said be knew of the 
situation and that this was part 
of the purpose in ctawgfn g the 

The Housing and Planning 
Bin before the House provided 
Cor a simplification of the 
opencast procedures by abolish- 
ing the need for ministerial 
authorization. Bat planning per- 
mission would still be needed. 

We will en s ure that any 
pr oposals coating before as for 
decision are pubndzed (he said) 
and that fuD opportunity is given 
for representatoas to be made 
Mr Richard iJvsey (Brecon and 
Radnor, L) said the Coal Board 
should be encou raged to go info 
deep mining which was labour 
intensive, hdMj of opencast 
minfaff which tended to be 
capital intensive and destroyed 
the environment and eonmnlnes 
in South Wales. 

Mr Roberts repe ate d that this 
was a matter for the board. 

Obviously (he said) opencast 
mining is not h|j cheaper bat 
has a much lower ash and 
chlorine content than deep- 
mined coal, but many deep 
mines depend on opencast coal 
fin- blending, to provide an 
acceptable product for cus- 
tomers. So opencast and deep 
mining are complementary 
rather than competitive. 

Mr Barry Janes, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on Wales, said 
feat in his constitu en cy (Alya 
and Deeade) there was wide- 
spread condemnation of 

opencast mining proposals dose 
to a primary school and bousing 
development at Ewtoe. 

Mr Roberts should teU the 
Cast Board chairman that if 
Bereham colliery, near Wrex- 
ham, dosed, the economy of 
north east Wales weald rode on 
its heels following the 
Co urtmdd s closures. 

He sought an assurance that 
in view dT the steep oil price drop 
there would not be 
the South Wales t .-alfieW pro- 
posals for new pit dosmesJn the 
Webb valleys anempfoyment 
was <me in four, far too Ugk 
Mr Roberts said about Bersham 
that it was always a matter for 
great concern when a pit most 

Current movements to lower 
oO prices emphasized the need 
for the Coal Board to be 
•competitive and make every 
effort to improve productivity. 

Parliament today 

Commons (130): Finance Bill, 
second reading. 

Lords (2.30): Gas Bifi, commit- 
tee (second day); Patents, De- 
signs and Marks Bill and Sex 
Discrimination Bill, third 
r a tlin g . 


The EEC farm prices deal agreed 
last week represented a further 
significant step towards improv- 
ing the common agricultural 
policy while safe guarding the 
competitive position of British 
farmers, Mr John Cummer, 
Minister of State fix- Agri- 
culture. Fisheries and Food, said 
ip a long Commons statement 
about tbe settlement for 1986-87. 
It was good fix Britain and good 
for Europe, be added. 

- Overall (he went on) this price 
fixing has produced a highly 
satisfactory outcome and one 
that follows closely the ap- 
proach endorsed by the House 
without opposition on March 
10. The pressure on support 
prices in the Community has - 
been maintained. 

In particular, lbe effective 
reduction agreed for cereals 
marked an important step in the 
battle against surplus produc- 
tion. Tbe ouigoer’s scheme for 
milk was tbe next stage in 
bringing about a better balance 
between production and 

Devaluing the green pound 
had ensured that Britain's form- 
ers were created fairly in relation 
to producers elsewhere in the 
Community, including particu- 
larly France and Ireland. 

while due Government would 
have preferred a straight cut in 
the price for cereals, the co- 
responsibility mechanism as 
agreed was a substantial 
improvement on, and 
simplification of, the 
Commission's original un- 
satisfactory proposals. 

Despite the real steps taken by 
the European Community to 
reduce the milk surplus, 
culminating in the introduction 
of quotas, the Community was 
still a substantial over-producer 
of milk. The UK was deter- 
mined to secure a further reduc- 
tion and so to cut this surplus. 
Britain was, however, insistent 
that the burden should foil 
equally on all member states. - 

In the face of strong oppo- 
sition from a number of coun- 
tries, a further 3 percent cut in 
milk quotas was agreed. This 
would be effected over the next 
three years, initially through a 
Community buy-out scheme. If 
this voluntary system was not 
effective in all member states it 
would be underpinned by com- 
pulsory reductions. 

Mr Brymnor John, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on agri- 
culture, said the package shirked 
tbe underlying long-term prob- 
lems of tbe form industry. When 
would the Council foce up to 
them? Agriculture deserved 
more candour from its ministers 
European-wide than it was get- 
ting at present ■ 

Mr Gammer I agree wewiH not 
solve all our problems by. what 
we have done and in trying to 
move out of a situation m which 
there are massive surpluses we 
can only do so in a way which 
gives the industry time to make 
the changes h needs to make. 
There are limits to the amount 
of weight you can put on 
fanners in any one year. 

There was no question about 
breaking the VAT ceiling in 

John: Package shirks 
long-tens problems 

Mr Edward Taylor (Southend 
East Q asked what steps would 
be taken to ensure that those 
compensated for moving out of 
milk production would not start 
to produce other commodities 
in surplus. 

Mr Gammer told him there 
were ho rules to prevent this 

Mr Richard Uvsey (Brecon and 
Radnor. L) said there had been 
no real resolve in the Commu- 
nity to reduce surpluses. The 
green pound devaluation, did 
not seem to go far enough, 
though it was a move in tbe right 

Mr Gammer said they could not 
have it both ways and object to 
the devaluation being inad- 
equate while saying the EEC was 
not trying to deal with tbe 
surpluses. It would not be 
sensible to have a devaluation 
such as would undermine the 
price package- 

Mr David Harris (St Ives, Q 
asked why a co-respo natality 
levy fix cereals should succeed 
where it bad dearly foiled with 
milk. • 

Mr Gammer said be did not 
suggest that tbe levy tin its own 
would have the desired effect. 
But. together with other parts of 
fee package, including fee 
changes in intervention, tbp levy 

would lower general cereal 

This should be fee beginning 
of an. effect to reduce the 
attraction of growing cereals. 

Mr Nigel Speariag (Newham 
South. Lab): When wifi it be 
known whether or not this 
package breaks budgetary 

Mr Gammer: The Commission 
has made it dear this, package 
will not break budgetary disci- 
pline. Discussion of these de- 
ments is continuing in the 
Council of Finance Ministers. 
Mr Robert Mark-m a m (Caith- 
ness and Sutherland, SDP): The 
beef and sheep premium 
arrangements are useful but is it 

not the minister who is trying to. 

have it both ways by over-selling 
the benefits of this package to 
the European taxpayer and 

underestimating the lack of beta 

to tbe beleaguered farm 

Mr Gammer He is asking for 
two impossibles: on tbe one 
hand more money fix formers 
for the very products which are 
in surplus and on the other hand 
attacking the Government for 
trying to do something about it 

1 would much prefer to have 
had a reduction in price but we 
were unable to achieve that- We 
have achieved a package which 
is much closer to what we 
wanted than anybody in this 
House thought possible 
Mr. Paul Maxbwd (West 
Gloucestershire,' C£ Returning 
to tbe co-responsibility levy on 
cereals, the co-responsibility 
levy on dairy products was seen 
not to work. It is merely 
tinkering wife lire situation to 
introduce one now. poring the 
next five years win we be 
looking at otter ways to curb 

Mr Gammer I see this as part of 
a package and not on its own. It 
is not fixed permanently. It is 
for a five year period. 

We will be continuing to press 
the Community in fee direction 
we want so to reduce the price of 
that which is in surplus and 
change the system of 


Shipbuilding was a difficult 
market in which to deal, even at 
the best of times, and things at 
the moment were especially 
difficult, Mr Peter Momaou, 
Minister of State for Trade and 
Industry, said when moving the 
second reading of the British 
Shipbuilders (Borrowing Pow- 
ers) Bill in tbe Commons. 

Current borrowing powers, 
set out in the 1983 Act, were up 
to £1.200 million and, be ex- 
plained, and h was likely these 
would be reached some time 
during fee summer. That was 
the reason for this technical, but 
important. Bill — to increase to 
£1,300 million, and later to 
£1,400 million, the amount that 
British Shipbuilders could raise 
by way of Government support. 

To maximize their cost effec- 

tiveness, British Shipbuilders 
tad been concentrat i ng on fer- 
ries, offshore supply and diving 
supply vessels. Judging by their 
present workload, that was a 
succ essful polic y. 

The yards were also securing 
better components at better 
prices and adopting new build- 
ing methods. 

British Shipbuilders had in- 
vested almost £330 million 
silica 1979. 

Mr John Smith, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on trade and 
industry, said the future of the 
British shipbuilding industry 
would be decided over the next 
few months. 

He urged the Government to 
prepare a proper procurement 
policy and increase the size of its 
support available, in particular 
tbe shipbuilding intervention 

The Government should also 
look at the possibility of further 
UK support packages in tbe 
same way as were provided by 
other governments, and exam- 
ine the idea of extended credit 

Mr Patrick Nlcholls 
(Tcignbridge, Q said that in tbe 
end they did not benefit an 
industry simply by pouring in. 
money in defiance of tbe facts, 
logic and world trade patterns. 
Government policy was about 

Mr Brace Milkur (Glasgow, 
Govan, Lab) said that there was 
a tendency for some people to 
talk as if no orders were being 
placed in the world. There were 
orders about, but the United 
Kingdom had been getting noth- 
ing like an adequate share. 
There should be more use of tbe 
intervention fund. 

Police investigations continuing 


Tbe police were investigating 
the circumstances of tbe original 
investment by the Webb 
Development Agency in tbe 
Parrot Corporation arid this was 
a matter for fee Director of 
Public Prosecutions, Mr Wyn 
Roberts, Under-Secretary of 
State for Wales, said during 
Commons questions, when a 

Government statement on fee 

Mr Robots said be tad no 
intention of making comments 
which might prejudice that mat- 
ter. Writs had been issued in the 
United States against tbe Welsh 
Development Agency and oth- 
ers, although tbe agency bad not 

yet bad such a writ served upon 

The Public Accounts 
Committee bad made known its 
intention to look into the Welsh 
Development Agency's invest- 
mem in fee Parrot Corporation. 

He was replying to Mr Leo 
Abse (Torfaen, Lab) who bad 
commented: Tbe anxieties m 
Wales over the administration 
and lack of monitoring of grants 
of selective assistance increased 

dear by the Attorney General 
that investigations into fraud 
were being extended and appar- 
ently would include members or 
past members of the .Welsh 
Development Agency. 

As the Parrot Corporation 
now has writs' issued against it 
for more than £1 5 million and 

Genetic engineering: 2 

Biological war to meet crops threat 

The idea of biological war- . . ... ... CTtmK xJZ Sfc and *** ^ ° f 

fora strike* a chiU in people in Agricultural advances m high yield, ^est-resistant crops hare apruas ana wnneiiy. 

SSfefef Sm rajas the depended on .refinements in cteurical genetics. In applying However, the combination 

is feat fear whSTseenis to lie 
behind the opposition to plans 

month. . ucm and to cpmpare it with Institute^ near Utttehampton. ofthe ice cryakls. 

Public reaction to the re- normal infection among the Sussex, has perfected a way of Tomomnr. New 

will be studied careful- insect larvae. 

usings pesticide based on the 

has lost £500,000 in the last 
report, wiD tbe Secretary of State 
(Mr Nicholas Edwards) make a 
full statement to tbe House in 
which be can relieve my constit- 
uents in Gwent of ail fee 
anxieties of fee work force that 
there is something amiss in the 
administration, structure and 
relationship of the Welsh 
Development Agency, Ministers 
and fee Parrot Corporation? 

Mr Barry Joaes, chief 

When will , fee minister ™i« a 
frill statement? It has been asked 
for for many months. 

Mr Roberts: I understand that 
in addition to the Public Ac- 
counts Committee, the Welsh 
Select Commitee is also going to 
look at the affaire of the Welsh 
Development Agency. 

Old ‘being 
by church’ 



The Church of England is 
losing touch with fee interests 
of older people, Age Concern 
has told the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, Dr Robert Rim- 

In a letter commenting on 
the report Faith in the City. 
which caused a political storm 
when it was published by ihe 
Archbishop’s Commission on - 
Urban Priority Areas last year. 
Age Concern said it regretted 
that the commission ‘‘was not 
inclined to focus its attention 
on fee position of older 

Tbe -commission urged 
greater public spending on 
inner city problems. 

Age Concent rem ar ked that 
older people tended not to 
benefit directly -froni such, 
policies. Tbe commission •also 
neglected Tong-term unem- 
ployment among older- work 
ers and gave no recognition of 
fee- leadership' potential of - 
older people. ; 

Age Concern saict it intend- 
ed to tryto strength** it* 
relationship withthfe'chindL 

Geoffrey Smith 

ty in securing American am- 
sent to a new treaty fbr fee 

extradition of ERA terrorists 
muted tor trial in Britain. 

Why should there be such 
spectacular reluctance to . co- 
operate just when »re are being 
told af fee gratitude to Britans 
' is sweeninc fee United 

tan? Do Americans really 
beueve that terrorism against 
fee British is penmssibte, 
while terrorism against Amer- 
icans is a crime against tubf 

lire importance of this issue 

for Anglo-American relations 
can hardly be o ver st at e d. It is 
a matter of both prac t ic al and 
symbolic significance. The 
measure is necessary in tire 

fight a gainF terrorism and to 
convince British opinion that 
fee United States is truly our 
partner in feat fight, feat it is 
net. 'concerned simply wife 
protecting its own interests. 

All fee sons are that tins is 
fully appreciated by the Rea- 
gan administration. The Presi- 
dent himself has lent his 
weight- to the attempt to get the 
treaty passed through Con- 
gress. The difficulty is one feat 
has become famgjar over the 
years: that fee political pro- 
cesses of fee United States are 
suited to the effective conduct 
of domestic rather than foreign 

Negative powers , 
of min orities 

Hard times for shipbuilders 


Not only does the coastitu- 
thm proviae for fee separation 
of powers jtetwran Cesjjress 
am# the President, hot within 
Congress' 1 authority is now 
moth .more widely , dispersed 
than it was. No longer are the 
elected leaders audeonmrittee 
chairmen in effective control. 

So there is afi fee more scope 
for snail and often unrepre- 
sentative groups of Senators or 
Congres sm en to Mode mea- 
sures they do not like. 

In this instance die group 
contains some peraonalfties of 
consequence, such as. Senator 
Joe Bitten, who is frequently f 
mentioned as a possible Demr 
ocratk nominee for President 
In 1988. But there is no reason 
to suppose feat be speaks for 
the majority of Americans 
today in his lack of sympathy 
for British concerns. 

This unwieldy system -of 
checks and balances makes 
sense in terms, of domestic 
policy. The United States is a 
nation of minorities and it is 
reasonable feat tbe interests of 
one of than should not easily 
be overriden by the general 


These arrangements give 
minorities substantial powers 
of resistance. There is more to 
be said for feat in a country as 
large and various as .the ^ 
United States than there 
would be m the relatively 
small and compact nation 
states of Europe. 

Doubly frustrating 
for foreigners 

But it certainly complicates 
the conduct of foreign policy. 
Everyone knows' who speaks ' 
for fee United States, but 
nobody pan be sure who' 
decides for the United States. 

It depends on the issue, and ft 
depends on the occasion' 
whether ooe dedskm is consis- 
tent wife another. * 

This is drably frustrating 9 
for foreign go ver n m ents. It is 
difficGlt for them to know what 
win be done in particular 
“stances, and it is impossible 
fix them sometimes to negoti- 
ate wife those who will be 
effectively deciding whether a 

policy is implemented. 

None of this has mattered 
much for most of Ame rica n 
history because foreign policy 
was . not of so much corner, 
quence until the past half ' 
century- Now it is' a major 
concern. '< 

’ There are only two partial' 
solutions to right One is for 

American potifefeuH to attach - 

meri importance to fbtrigu 
policy considerations, which' 
may be somewhat optimistic. 1 
and. the tifeet ‘ is fix .the * 
President to be powerful- 
Americans may complain from' 
time tothne about titelnperial' 
Presidency Other conntifes. 
should not do so. 

. The President by fee very -' 
nature of his . office is the /s 

penrabestabtetogmeohef-* (S 

core to American foreign polF * 
cy. K b no exception to the > 
general Tide feat, fat fee extras* 
djtxm- controversy so maefc- 
depends upon the Ptadderri's? 


-i ■■**?■>*'■ 

: i2S&ZL 

'1' 'iStt.*.*'* 


••• / '‘m Vv, 

. ,>,:•■ V>: ^ V* vl-r 

.w •>*•'• 





Vi'-'- ■.>■•:•:’■*■.+• -,r : . .•: •• ,' x •. ',’■:•>•'• ••■' 

S^pf|p : €^ 

Z 3 ' • 


s’ •. i, v« m. 


: S§lilii 


Science report 

Corncrake yields clue 
to its habitat needs 

By GareUr Hew Davies 

The corncrake, a bird once The corncrake's design was 
common in lowland Britain but first noted in the nineteenth 
whose harsh noctnrnal caQ is century in the hay meadows or 
now mainly confined to the south-east England and » 
r. L-_«_ i.i!L co- hpiipvnl tn have been Iiastow 

Scotish Isles, is yieldi ng se - 
crets of its habitat require- 
ments which may enable 
scientists to devise a strategy 
to preserve it in its final 

A from the Royal 
Society for the Protection of 
Birds working in South Uist 3a 

believed to have been hastened 
by mechanization of 

The hand scything still 
practised in parts of Scotland 
allows the farmer to spare 
nests. The most recent stt^ in 
1983 recorded only about 700 
mailing birds in Britain, almost 
alT o? them in north-west 

Birds woriang m pomu ^ them in north-west 

the Outer Hebrides has fowa Scotland, with about a third in 
that the corncrake has a dear ^ Western Isfes> 
preference for a cnltivaimi xhe three-year study, part 
habitat of hayfieWs, rather fnnde j the Nature Consor- 
tium the dry and unproved Council, is designed to 

sheep-grazed turf machair, or show w j,etj,er EEC agncnltnr- 
wettw peaty soils. ' a | regimes are detrimental to 

Radio transmitters were fit- the bird. ' 

ted to 12 male corncrakes last The RSPB 
summer to pinpoint the move-, turned to Soutir Uist fora 
Snm. of the elusive Crex second summer to «*dKHsg 
Crex, whose position is often females, ,to to™*"* 1 
betraved only by its insistent nesting tabrts and where the? 
SS. lead their young. The team 

flse research has confirmed wante to firt^ao^fortl^ 
a kmc-beld suspicion among bird's tow breeding prodnctiv}- 
iimSts that the crakes move ty. only four 
“~7_ f .{.af. Mtfim points in usually survive past the nest of 11 or 12 «*£ 
a dav to feed, pass- By the end of next year, the 




It is, we hasten to add, a most 
ileasant sensation. 

And it's a phenomenon that is 
ibserved daily amongst Executive 
Hass passengers flying with Eastern 
■am London. 

In particular, it affects those who 
uvel via Miami on to almost all the 
40 cities we serve in North America, 
ientral America, South America and 
te Caribbean. 

The main symptom is a curious 
feeling of well-being induced by a 
marked heightening in one's sense 
of self-importance. 

The cause is easily explained. 

It is brought on by the knowledge 
that when you change planes in Miami 
you wiil be regarded as a very impor- 
tant passenger indeed. 

Because we will automatically 
reserve you a First Class seat for the 

final leg of your journey when you book 
Executive Class from London. 

Thus you will be unashamedly 
pampered every mile of the way. 

Now, wouldn't that make you feel 
just a teeny bit big-headed? 

The wings of the Americas 















Girl sees 

must be curbed, 
Hattersley tells unions 

buys Arab 
horses in 


woman, 72 

: By Sheila Gunn 
Political Staff 

By Craig Seton 

Mr .-Roy Hattersley, deputy 
. leader of the Labour Party and 
Shadow Chancellor, warned 
ihe party and the unions 
yesterday they must put a 
-brake on their- hopes- and 
expectations from a Labour 
Government Progress would 
be slow, although he knew that 
would bring criticism from 
within its own ranks: 

A • Labour Government 
would not accept dictation 
from the unions; nor would it 
do deals with them if it knew 
the policies to be wrong, he 

“i will not allow the next 
Labour Government, to toll 
into 'the trap which engulfed 
'our socialist colleagues in 
France," he said.' “We are not 
going to attempt too much 
during the first two years and 
be forced To abandon our 
hopes, as well as our policies, 
during the second- half of the 

His speech, he said, set out 
the partnership between the 
party and the unions. He 
made no reference to rodustri- 

Checkont girls are 
‘driven to suicide’ 

Supermarket checkout as- 
sistants are being driven to 
drink and. drags and some- 
times suicide, delegates at the 
annual conference for Usdaw, 
the shop workers' union, were 
-told yesterday. 

They are suffering from 
stress caused by long queues at 
checkouts, hamtlsrag large 
sinus of money, impatient 
customers and more armed 
robberies, the conference at 
Eastbonrae heard. 

Miss Pat McDermott, from 
Stewarts Supermarket, Bel- 
fast, appealed for shorter 
hours, proper staffing levels, 
more breaks and more rest 
rooms. . . 

The party and the unions 
must decide their programme 
for the next government, he 
said.“I must frankly repeat 
what you already know. It will 
not be possible to fulfil all our 
aspirations in the lifetime of a 

single Parliament". 

“That means” he conclud- 
ed. “and we must accept that it 
means, that other pro- 
grammes and policies, highly 
desirable in themselves, will 
have to take their place further 
back in the queue — or be 
financed by means which do 
not compete for the resources 
we must allocate to create new 

• The shopworkers yesterday 
became the first union to 
deride to take government 
money to fund ballots since. 

al relations or pay. Instead he 
emphasized the first priority 
must be to get more people 
back to work. Other plans-had 
to wait. 

He told delegates to the 
Union of Shop, Distributive 

and Allied Workers (Usdaw) 
conference, in Eastbourne, 
that there must be an exten- 
sion and deepening -of the. 
partnership between Labour 
and the unions. That did not 
and could not mean that 
either partner dominated the 

“I assert at once that 1 do 
not and will not ask the unions 
to accept policies to which 
they are opposed as a quid pro 
quo for a Labour Government 
implementing policies which 
it knows to be wrong. 

the TtJC changed its policy. ■ 
At their Eastbourne confer- 

At their Eastbourne confer- 
ence, the 700 Usdaw delegates 
voted overwhelmingly in fa- 
vour of the move. Usdaw is 
the sixth biggest union, with 
383,000 members. 

• One of Britain's most pow- 
erful unions, the Amalgamat- 
ed Union of Engineering 
Workers, will name its new 
president today to succeed the 
late Mr Terry Duffy. 

The favourite is another 
right-winger. Mr Bill Jordan, 
aged 50, the union's West 
Midlands divisional 


One of the largest consign- 
ments of pore-bred Arab hors- 
es from English studs to be 
exported to the Middle East 
has been purchased by Sheikh 
Said Alklndi, of Oman, who 
plans to sell them for racing 
and breeding. 

The Sheikh • has paid 
£140,000 for 25 young Arab 
horses after a tour of English 

According to the Arab 
Horse Society, Britain has 
become the leading exporter of 
pore-bred Arab horses to the 
Middle East. 

Mrs Patricia Westwood, 
who has sold three Arab 
horses to Sheikh Alitindi from 
her Moat Hoase Stud at 
Ullenhall, Warwickshire, 
said: “This is the biggest 
consignment of Arab horses 
from this country sold to one 
buyer in the Middle East". 

Sheikh Alkindi who owns a 
stud near Muscat, said he had 
bought six Arab horses on a 
previous trip to Britain four 
years ago, but now intended to 
return every three months to 
establish a regular trade. 

Mr Colin Pearson, the ad- 
ministrator and registrar of 
the Arab Horse Society, which 
was founded in 1918, said that 
last year 162 Arab horses were 
exported by British members, 
lOO of them to Middle 
Eastern countries. 

Coals to Newcastle: Sheikh Said Alkiodi with one of the 25 Arab borses_ he bought in a 
£140,000 shopping spree at English stnds (Photograph: Dod Miller). 

Unofficial postal strike continues 

More than 2,000 postal 
workers in South Wales decid- 
ed yesterday lo continue their 
week-long unofficial strike 
which has caused a backlog of 
more than 10 million undeliv- 
ered letters and parcels. 

Industry, business and so- 
cial services throughout the 
area are suffering and at least 
one company is reconsidering 

By Tim Jones 

expansion plans that could 
create much-needed jobs. 

Mr Peter Walters, controller 
of mail for Wales and the 
Marches, said: “The Post Of- 
fice cannot bow to unaccept- 
able restrictions the union is 
attempting to impose on how 
the backlog of mail is cleared". 

The strike began over the 
dismissal of Mr Jimmy 

Quigley, a postman, after he 
retume’d to a Cardiff depot 
with undelivered letters. 

He was reinstated at an 
appeal hearing, but the men 
decided to stay out after the 
Post Office said it wanted to 
employ casual labour to han- 
dle the backlog. That would 
mean a loss of overtime 
earnings to the regular staff. 

A girl aged four watched as 
her mother and pregnant aunt 
attacked an elderly woman 
and broke her finger to stea 
her wedding ring, the Central 
Criminal Court was told 

Sentencing Dianne Holgate. 
aged 22. to 10 years’ jail. Mr 
Recorder James Crespi. de- 
scribed the attack as 
“outrageous". He remanded 
her sister. Maria Holgate. aged 
17. for psychiatric reports. 

Both sisters had admitted 
robbing Mrs Emily Shine, 
aged 72. of Kingsland Road. 
Bethnal Green, east London, 
causing her grievous bodily- 
harm with intent, last July. 

Maria Holgate also admit- 
ted assault and robbery' of- 
fences in similar incidents 
I involving five other women 
aged from 76 to 88. 

Mr Simon Smith, for the 
prosecution, said they had put 
a cardigan over Mrs Shine's 
head and hit her with a 
cheese board so hard that it 
broke. She had also been hit in 
the stomach with a vacuum 
cleaner before the sisters es- 
caped with the little girl. 

The court was told that 
Maria Holgate. of Caledonian 
Road. Islington, norih Lon- 
don, had been in care since she 
was aged seven. Dianne 
Holgate. of Murray Grove, 
Hoxion. north London, had 
since had her baby in prison. 

Breeder of 

rare eagles 
fined £500 

Levy ‘will 
the Scots’ 

A new home was being 
sought yesterday for nine rare 
African eagles after a court 
case in which their owner was 
fined for rearing them at his 
aviary. : 

The huge birds, big enough 
kill domestic pets, were seized 
by customs officials from the 
home of the breeder, Philip 
DugmoYe. 18 months ago. 

At Stafford Crown Court 
yesterday, in the first prosecu- 
tion involving large birds of 
prey, Dugmore, aged 59, of 
Trescott, near Wolverhamp- 
ton, was fined £500 for keep- 
ing the eagles, whose 
importation is prohibited un- 
def the; Endangered Species 
Import and Export Act. 1976. 

Mr John Max^eU. for the 
rosecution, said that - the 


four Marshall Eagles and two 
Verreaux Eagles worth nearly 
£19.000 - had been smuggled 
into Britain as eggs. 

They had been allegedly 
stolen by a wildlife inspector 
in Zimbabwe. 

Customs officers were alert- 
ed when Dugmore applied in 
January 1984 to register some 
of the birds and it was noted 
that no import licences had 
been granted. ■ - 

Mr Robert Solman, for the 
defence, said Dugmore paid 
£3.350 for the eggs and spent 
more than £3.00uin transport- 
ing them to Britain and feed- 
ing them. 

Dugmore was ordered to 
pay £500 towards Customs 
and Excise costs. 

• Police officers and wildlife 
experts were looking yesterday 
for an aggressive European 
eagle' owl. 

Standing 30 inches high and 
with a 6ft 6in wing-span, the 
bird was released by thieves 
who raided the Welsh Hawk- 
ing Centre ai Barry, South 

Most Scottish households 
would be better off under the 
community charge levy which 
the Government proposes 
should replace the rating sys- 
tem, Mr Malcolm Rmdod, 
Secretary of State for Scot- 
land. said yesterday. 

He added that, for die rest, 
the increase would seldom be 
more than the cost of a packet 
of cigarettes a week. 

Opening the debate on local 
government fmangrag in the 
Scottish Grand Committee at 
Edinburgh, Mr Rifldnd point- 
ed out that 60 per cent of the 
Scottish' electorate paid noth- 
ing towards the costs of local 
government.' ... 

Under, die new proposals, 
every Scottish adult, would 
contribute and be rejected the 
view that that would be a tax 
on the poor. He said that 80 , 
per cent of single pensioners 
and single parents would 

Those on very low incomes 
or the unemployed would be 
entitled to income support 
along the lines of the present 
rate-support grant Only 
households with two, three or 1 
four working adults would pay , 

Mr Rifkind described the 
local income tax alternative as 
“a chamber -of horrors**'. 

But Mr Donald - Dewar, 
shadow Secretary of State, 
believed the Government’s 
plans were “a recipe for 

Middle-class areas would 
benefit while working-class 
areas would have to pay more. 

He feared that family life in 
Scotland could be damaged 
and people might be reluctant 
to register on the electoral roll 
if it was used to track down 
those eligible to pay. 


f AAAtti 



I <\ 






L V/ X XX l 1 " — 


At 3i we love a challenge. 

Which is why we’re prepared to accept a 

higher level of risk than most. 

And we’re just as willing and able to help the 

£500 million company as those starting up. 

For very good reasons. 

First, it is our own money we invest. 

Secondly, we have industrial as well as financial 

skills -a key factor in judging risk. 

And, thirdly, we have imagination. 

So perhaps it’s not surprising that even the 
largest companies call on us for the cornerstone 
role we can play. 

Yes, we are much more than mere lend- 

ers of money. 

We like to see our business as the creation of 
wealth. And ourselves as- creative. / 

The creative use of money / 


'nN' ~*Vr 

*4 , 





0 ( 

io e 



1 LkL. i Ll»aj^> x w 1 <~v» »-wl i_ «.5#' 

MvhkaEAS NfcWS 

Press in Kremlin conference row 

A tel -civ* F'rora Christopher Walker, Moscow 

— . fy i ??'?! eS5 inference throughout and denied sug- atmosphere between the 

\ ! Tv 

i » 




staged by ihe Kre mlin yester- 
day loaiiack the activities of 
the US-financed Radio Liber- 
ty quickly degenerated into an 
unprecedented slanging match 
. between Western journalists 
and senior officials from the 
Soviet Ministry of Foreign 
, Affairs. ^ 

. At one point scores of the 
journalists present broke into 
spontaneous applause when 
an angry American correspon- 
dent made repeated demands 
thatMr Donald Kim el man, a 
correspondent from the Philo- 
delphia Inquirer, should be 
allowed to answer a savage 
attack made on him in an 
official Soviet newspaper. 

The ostensible purpose of 
the remarkable 90-minute 
conference was to publicize 
the reappearance of. Mr Oleg 
Tumanov, the Soviet defector 
who returned to the Soviet 
Union in mysterious circum- 
stances recently after 20 years 
in the West latterly as Radio 
Liberty's acting editor-in-chief 
at its Munich headquarters. 

Mr Tumanov steadfastly 
refused to give details of his 
sudden return, but increased 
anger among Western joumal- 
. isis by naming a number of 
. Western correspondents he 
said bad links with the US 
station, which he claimed was 
run as an intelligence opera- 
tion designed to subvert the 
Soviet state. 

The bearded ex-defector 
looked unsure of himself 

ions that he had either 
?n kidnapped or had all 
along been a double agent 
Planted in the West by the 
KGB. He was the fourth 
apparent defector to be pro- 
duced to the Western press by 
the authorities here in the past 
two years. 

In a carefully prepared 
statement. Mr Tumanov, a gpd 
42, described his time in .the 

Radio denials 

Munich (Renter) — Radio 
liberty and its sister network. 
Radio Free Europe, yesterday 
denied the y wen a front for 
US isteUigeiKe operations. 

■ Mr Bob Redlich, spokes- 
man for the Munich-based 
stations, said: “No intelligence 
officials work here.” 

West as a “nightmare dream'’, 
and said that- his road back 
home via an unnamed Soviet 
embassy in Europe had been 

The journalists' anger was 
provoked both by last Sat- 
urday’s lengthy auack on Mr 
Kimelman — who was at the 
conference — in the official 
paper Sovietskaya Rossiya, 
and by claims from Mr 
Tumanov that a number of 
Western reporters had willing- 
ly given Radio Liberty infor- 
mation about the Soviet 

The conference represented 
a considerable souring of the 

Western press and the Soviet 
authorities, which had earlier 
been improving under the 
leadership of the communica- 
lions-conscious Mr Mikhail 

Mr Yuri Grimiislti, the 
senior Soviet official chairing 
the proceedings, accused Mr 
Nick Danilov, a veteran US 
Moscow correspondent, of at- 
tempting to stage a “counter 
press conference" on Mr 
Kimelman's behalf 

Reporters present said that 
they coukl not recall similar 
scenes at an official news 
conference in Moscow. The 
ill-tempered nature of the 
affair increased when another 
journalist, Mr David Aikman 
of Time magazine, queried 
whether the output of Radio 
Liberty was any more propa- 
gandist than the regular prod- 
uct of the official Soviet 

Until yesterday nothing had 
been heard about Mr 
Tumanov's whereabouts since 
he disappeared from his Mu- 
nich home two months ago. 

One of those he accused of 
co-operating with the US sta- 
tion was the former BBC 
television correspondent in 
Moscow, Mr Tim Sebastian, 
who was expelled with 30 
other British nationals in the 
tit-for-tat expulsions in Sep- 
tember. His colleague, Mr 
Peter Ruff of BBC radio, 
accused Mr Tumanov of 
"smearing" his name by the 

Mr Oleg Tumanov at yesterday's Moscow press conference. 

Western leaders focns on Libya 

France backs international 
anti-terrorist organization 

President Mitterrand has 
come out in favour of an 
international anti-terrorist or- 
ganization involving the po- 
lice, intelligence services, and 
possibly even the armed forces 
of the countries involved. 

In a pre-Tokyo summit 
’ interview yesterday with 
Yomiuri Shimbun . the Japa- 
• nese daily newspaper, M 
Mitterrand suggested that 
France's position on the fight 
against terrorism hid been 
misrepresented in the press. 

“What we do not want, is 
that our foreign policy, our 
diplomacy, cease to be in- 

“We do not wish, under the 
guise of the .fight against 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

terrorism, that France be in- 
volved in international action 
which h has not freely 
examined," he said in an 
obvious reference to the con- 
troversial French refusal to 
allow US fighter planes to fry 
over French territory on their 
way to bomb Libya. 

M Mitterrand said France 
was “ready for an internation- 
al anti-terrorist organization, 
involving police, secret ser- 
vices and a posable eventual 
military input, on condition 
that the determination of the 
internal policy of each of the 
participating countries re- 
..mains autonomous and free 

“France is one of the rare 

Belgium expels seven 
of Tripoli’s envoys 

i - 

Brussels (Renter) — Bel- 
gium yesterday became the 
sixth EEC state to curtail 
Libyan diplomatic activity 
when k announced the expul- 
sion of seven Libyan dip- 

The Brussels Foreign Min- 
istry said dial the seven were 
among 14 diplomats resident 
here and accredited not only to 
Belgium, but also to Luxem- 
bourg, The Netherlands, and 
the Brussels- based European 
Co mmunit y. Libya does not 
have diplomats resident in the 
other Benelux countries. 

The ministry said that the 
seven, whose names were 
frowdorf yesterday to the head 
of the Libyan mission here, 
would have to leave Belgium 
within two weeks. 

The movements of the re- 
maining Libyans would be 
restricted to Brussels and its 

international airport, the min- 
istry said. 

It said later that two admin- 
istrative staff attached to the 
Libyan People's Bureau here 
were also being expelled- 

• WEST BERLIN: Authori- 
ties hoe turned down yester- 
day demands by Ahmed 
Nawaf Mansour Hazi, a Pal- 
estinian held in connection 
with the bombing of a city 
discotheque, that he be re- 
leased for lack of evidence. 

A custody older has been 
upheld, although no charges 
have yet been brought 

• BEIRUT: The Netherlands 
is to dose its embassy in 
Muslim-controlled west Beirut 
and Dutch diplomats wQl leave 
the country. 

A foreign affairs spokesman 
at The Hague said that the 
embassy would be dosed be- 
cause of die danger to staff. 

countries which fight effec- 
tively against terrorism. This 
is not a new decision. At 
Tokyo, France will make its 
contribution to an efficacious 
fight against terr o ri sm ." 

M Mitterrand may insist 
that his views, as given in the 
interview, are not new, but 
they have certainly not been 
aired in public before. Only 
three weeks ago he appeared 
to indicate that he was op- 
posed to any coordinated 
policy on terrorism emerging 
from the Tokyo summit 

In a statement at the time, 
M Mitterrand said: “France 
has always been in favour of 
topical policy questions being 
raised (at the world economic 
summits), notably during din- 
ner . but ii would like these, 
summits to preserve their 
informal and predominantly 
economic character." 

“France continues to be 
opposed to these summits 
becoming a political Directory 
for the world . . .** 

• Reagan reqnesfcln a long 
and detailed front-page article 
in Le Monde yesterday, M 
Jacques Amalric, the news- 
paper’s usually well-informed 
diplomatic correspondent, 
claimed that President Reagan 
sought to involve France in its 
operation against Libya in the 
Gulf of Sirte, before trying 
again in connection with its 
raid on Tripoli and Benghazi 
on April 14. 

Both requests were met with 
a firm refusal 

According to M Amalric. 
who does not reveal his 
sources. President Reagan 
first contacted M Mitterrand 

‘Slave ranch’ trial 
opens in Texas 

KemHIle, Texas (Reuter) — 
A prominent Texas family, 
accused of kidnapping drifters 
to work at their “slave ranch", 
goes on trial today in the 
state's first criminal slavery 
case since the Civil War. 

About a dozen people were 
found in chains at the ranch 
when it was raided in April 
1984, police said. Officials 
allege that more than SO hitch- 
hikers and drifters were ab- 
ducted, chained, tortured and 
forced to work. 

Members of the EUebracht 
family are charged with killing 
Anthony Bates, a drifter from 
Alabama. Walter EUebracht, 
aged 5S, his son. Waller Jr. 33. 
and the son's wife, Joyce Hall 
EUebracht. 31, are charged 
with murder and conspiracy . 
to commit kidnapping. Carl- 
ton Caldwell 21, who police 
sak)~worked at the ranch, is 

All defendants plead not 
guilty. If convicted, each faces 
a maximum sentence of 99 
years in prison. 

The ranch is located a few 
miles south of the busy Inter- 
state 10 highway. 

Prosecutors allege that the 
Ellebrachts regularly cruised 
Interstate 10. picking up hitch- 
hikers and offering them food, 
shelter and jobs. The prosecu- 
tion case is that, once lured 
into the care of the family . the 
drifters were chained with leg 
irons and forced to clear 
hundreds of acres of trees. 

Prosecutors have alleged 
that these “slaves” were tor- 
tured with electric cattle prods 
Federal Bureau of Investi- 
gation interviews with other 
"slaves" have produced 
charges that Bates had lived 
on the ranch for about three 
weeks before he was beaten to 
death. the prosecution alleges. 

Waldheim given a 
rough reception in 
mean Floridsdorf 

From Richard Bassett Vienna 

Floridsdorf railway station “He's the only 
in the scorching heat: it is not a 

part of Vienna on the usual 
tourist circuit. No monuments, 
no cafes, just housewives, lame 
gypsies and eye-catching girls 
dressed scantily In a lurid 
orange and green. 

All were waiting yesterday 
afternoon to hear Dr Kurt 
Waldheim in his first and only 
campaign speech in the heart 
of Socialist Vie nna. 

“He's a Nam, I know the 
truth," shouts an old man in a 
tweed jacket and dark glas- 
ses.“Get rid of him. He's 

“Go on, push off!" echoes 
the cborns of rather primly 
dressed ladies assembled near 
the microphone. 

The solitary protester is 
hustled away by a policeman, 
and a canned version of “Rule 
Britannia" drowns the mur- 
muring crowd. 

Dr Waldheim, however, is 
late. Perhaps be suspects that 
Floridsdorf wOl give him a 
rougher ride than wealthier 
parts of the city. 

The crowd continues to 
gather. A Turkish Gost- 
orbeiter spits oat the end of a 
cheroot and nods approvingly. 

“He's the only man with 
personality, a man of con- 
fidence." he says, reflecting 
the Balkans' love of bravado, a 
quality which Dr Waldheim 
seems to bare acquired, sur- 
prisingly enough, in recent 

A priest, in pin-striped suit 
and trilby, supports the Turk. 

man with 
international experience." 

The pro- Waldheim lobby in 
Floridsdorf is smaller than in 
other parts of Vienna, for the 
district is one of the poorest in 
the city and has a staunch 
Socialist tradition. 

None the less, as Dr Wald- 
heim steps smiling out of his 
car the crowd applauds. But 
before be can take more than 
two steps, the old man who 
shouted “Nazi" reappears and 
slaps the former United Na- 
tions Secretary-General on the 
face, sending him reeling back 
into his car. 

Someone shoots “Prol- 
etarian thug". And for the 
second time the protester is 
bundled away by policemen. 

Unabashed, bat blushing a 
bright crimson. Dr Waldheim 
takes the microphone. “For 40 
years I have been proud of this 
Austria." he begins. 

“We must return to co- 
operation and integrity, and 
not the rules of the party book. 
That's what you all want!" 

And, judging by the ap- 
plause and cheers, it is clearly 
what even the normally Social- 
ist voters of Floridsdorf would 
seem to want as well. 

There are some exceptions. 
“Damn these Nazis; they are 
everywhere," the protester, 
now sitting on a neaihy lawn, 
mutters under his breath as Dr 
Waldheim steps back into bis 
car and glides back across the 
Danube to the safety of Catho- 
lic, prosperous and conserva- 
tive Vienna. 

Leading ETA man 
arrested in France 

Domingo llurbe Abasolo 
(right), the alleged chief of the 
military wing of the Basque 
terrorist organization, ETA, 
was still in custody yesterday 
after his arrest by French 
police on Sunday night at 
Ahetze. near Biarritz. He is 
expected to be charged with 
breach of a French residence 

“Txomin" as he is better 
known, is believed by Spanish 
police to have been involved 
in the assassination of Senor 
Carrero Blanco, the Spanish 
Prime Minister, in 1973. 

His arrest comes two days 
after a terrorist attack in 
Madrid in which five police- 
men were killed. 

“Txomin" was confined to 
Tours in 1984 because of his 
suspected terrorist activities, 
.but disappeared in 1985:- - - 

join Libya 


Paris - The United Kanak 
Liberation Front (Fulk). a 
minority component ot the 
main Kanak separatist move- 
ment. the FLNKS, in the 

French overseas territory ot 
New Caledonia, has an- 
nounced it intends to pa^jci- 

pate in an “international 

combatant force" w ^ ,os ^ 93” 
ation was decided at an inl ^“ 
national conference of 
liberation fronts in Libya last 
month (Diana Geddes writes). 

M Vann Uregei, secretary 
general of Fulk. said his party 
had decided to join “in order 
to fight against colonialism, 
racism, imperialism, apart- 
heid and other forms oi 
oppression". . 

M Uregei was suspended 
from his post as the FLNKS 
“foreign minister after tus 
party decided to attend the 
Libyan conference. 

Villagers flee 

Milan ( Reuter) - Thou- 
sands of villagers were told to 
evacuate their homes after 
days of heavy rain and snow 
in northern Italy brought 
avalanches crashing down on 

roads and farm buildings. 
Avalanches also blocked 


pine passes and water flooded 
the banks of Lake Maggiore. 

Case dropped 

Dusseldorf (Reuter) — An ti- 
semitic proceedings have been 
dropped against Count 
Wilderich von Spee. a former 
mayor who spoke of killing "a 
few rich Jews” to balance his 
town's budget, after he paid 
DM90,000 (£27.000) to a 
children's hospital. 

Winner at 16 

Belgrade (Reuter) Alisa 
Marie, a 16-year-old school- 
girl became Yugoslavia's 
youngesl-ever chess champion 
in the national championships 

Oil search 

Harare (AFP) - A six-man 
geological survey team from 
West Germany begins explor- 
ing the Zambezi Valley in 
Zimbabwe for potential oil 
and gas deposits on Monday. 

Man bites dog 

Jakana (Reuter) — .An en- 
raged villager killed a dog by 
repeatedly sinking his teeth 
into its throat after it bit a six- 
year-old boy. 

Sun Alliance announce a most 
[rewarding savings plan for three generations. 

on February 25 to inform him 
of the United States's inten- 

tion of carrying out manoeu- 
vres in the international 
waters of the Gulf of Sirte. 

Nakasone refuses to take 
sides in US raid debate 

From David Watts, Tokyo 

£ The Japanese Prime Minis- 
• ter has fended off criticism of 
Japan's passive stance on 
terrorism and his handling of 

proposals for the restructuring 
- - . — . -md 

of the country’s economy. an< 

* ' has hinted Britain cannot 
expea any change in taxes on 
imponed whisky in the couni- 
7 down to next week’s Tokyo 

■ summit 

At a pre-summit lunch for 
. . foreign correspondents yester- 
day, Mr Yasuhiro Nakasone 
‘ .and his officials set the scene 
j^for what they hope will he a 
• smooth meeting of the ieadere 
“ of the seven leading industn- 

- alized countries starting next 
« Sunday. 

- Japan is keen that whatever 
r its decisions, the summit must 
; be seen to be a performance 
L- without anv confrontation 
■L'that could reflea badly on its 
<>^hosL But during the past week, 
T^iwo issues in particular have 
; seemingly threatened Mr Nak- 
» asone's chances: the continu- 
‘ ing build-up of terrorism, 
i'Libvan terrorism in particular, 
-'and his handling of the 

Maekawa report on the re- 
-structuring of the Japanese 

_ japan is the only leading 

- world power that has not 
» made a clear stand on the 
r American reprisal attack on 

- Tripoli, and Mr Nakasone s 
' tone vesterday indicated ctear- 
-ly he has no intention or 
£ getting involved in what are. 
=-1br the Japanese, the pernors 

- nuances of the incident. But 
fire, did defend Japan as the 
: only country which has taken 
'^appropriate economic ntea- 

■ sums. in. connection wnn 

*1 ihva. , . 

..•'^tcompnicallY.: t®eakipgr: 

Japan has been taking the 
most appropriate approach to 
Libya. When the (terrorism) 
issue came up before, we told 
Japanese companies not to 
take advantage of the retreat 
of American private firms and 
this has faithfully been ob- 
served. Since the previous 
incident we have refrained 
from going into new private 
projects with the Libyans,” 
Mr Nakasone said. 

Though Japan maintains 
diplomatic relations with Lib- 
ya, there are only about 300 

set out by his summit 

He is likely to be less 
forthcoming with Mrs Thatch- 
er on the topic of reducing 
taxes on imported Scotch 
whisky. He said taxes had 
already been twice reduced. 
avoiding any reference to bulk 
imports which were central to 
the problem, but promised to 
listen carefully to what Mrs 
Thatcher had to say on the 

Journalists barred 

Nnsa Daa, Bali (Renter) — 
Indonesia has refused entry to 
tiro Australian journalists 
travelling with President Rea- 
gan, despite last-minute ap- 
peals fry both Canberra and 
Washington. The two Austra- 
lian Broadcasting Corporation 
men will stay in Honolulu 
when the Reagan party leaves 
today. The bar fallows the 
recent row over ■ Australian 
press coverage of Indonesia. 

The British Prime Minister 
will no doubt remind him that 
imported, bottled, cereal- 
based whisky is taxed at twice 
the rate of Japanese first-class 
ie of 

rate of second-class domestic 

Japanese there and Tokyo's 
exposure has been reduced to 
a minimum since the days 
when the Japanese Red Army 
group the Middle 
East Only seafood is import- 
ed from Tripoli. 

Mr Nakasone indicated Ja- 
pan has no intention of mak- 
ing any more than a general 
statement on Libya. He said 

At the pre-summit lunch. 
Mr Nakasone also strongly 
defended the way he presented 
the Maekawa report during his 
most recent visit to the US. 

The report was received 
there as an historic departure, 
but politicians at home were 
Iks impressed. They accused 
him of representing the pri- 
vate report as government 
policy and misleaamg foreign 
governments into believing 
Japan was about to make a 
near-miraculous transforma- 
tion to a more import-orient- 
ed nation. 

Tokyo did hoi have its own 

evidence on the bombing of 
the Berlin nightclub and, by 
implication, was not seeking 
it. Nevertheless be promised 
to follow the line on terrorism 

The Prime Minister said he 
had twice clearly explained to 
President Reagan that the 
report represented a statement 
of political determination 
only and its implementation 
would be the equivalent of 
climbing two thousand metres 
higher than MounfEveresu 

By saving £30 a month with Moneymaker Plus, 
Karen coaid look forward uj a sum of tnarc than 


when ghrt2B years old. She also gee ttnro cri t a t c 
fife insurance cover ot C3J50 for the next H) yeara. 


John ami Etc arc saving (or a cottage m the country. 
Fora monthly greesime m of £100 with Moneymaker 
Hus John could receive a otsa egg of mmt than 


in 10 years time. In the meantime he gets immediate 
life insurance cover o( £10,887. 


Evrt savings of £50 a month w31 give her life 
insurance aw of £5.482. And in 10 yean tnne,orer 


could be hen to help buy that cottage in the country 
tbcyVc always wanted. 

Stanley is retired. He can afford to pay GO a month 
to give his great grandchildren a good start in life. 
He could boost his savings to over 


with Moneymaker Plus and still have life insurance 
cover of CL422 lor the next H) yeais. 

I F YOU'RE LOOKING fora savings plan that reaps 
real rewards, there are few bener ways to do it than 
with Moneymaker Plus from Sun Alliance. 
Moneymaker Plus is (ksigned to ghrea high return 
for all generaboos, young and old, between 18 and 
80. It provides a simple, trouble-free way of building 
a handsome lump sum ewer 10 yearn. 

With Moneymaker Plus you also get built-in life 
insurance phis a package of other benefits. And irt 
so easy to apply! 



Whatever the amount you wish ro save (between £10 
and £100 a mouth) you can expect a large cash payout 
after 10 years. Under current legisfaujan. this sum 
will be [aid to you free of ait pcmmul taxa. And your 
saving are in me safst possible bands — the Sun 
Alhance Investment Department. Our in v e stm ent 
teams have been looking after policyholders’ money 
for over Z75 years. 

just think, your final sum could be C5.000 . - - 
£10,000, even in excess of £23fl00\a spend or save 
as you please! 


Unlike many other forms of saving. Moneymaker Plus 
gives you the benefit of life insurance from the moment 
you're accepted. So you know that if anything 
happens to you yuur dependants will be protected 
from Day One. 

Moneymaker Phis has another special feature. And 
it doesn't cost you an extra penny. If you lose your 


with Moneymaker Plus 

When you enrol we wiD 
send you this elegant brass 
carra s erioefc with accurate 
quartz movement. 







nt Age 











Projected . 







LI. 130 

£1 j97 







































































i £4.119 
































































•These protected values asnime rhat our current rates of bonus are maintained. Bonuses depend upon 
future profits, therefore, bonus rates cannot be guaranteed. Currently annual bonus® are 3.75% of 
the Guaranteed Sum Assured and 75% of existing bonuses. Our current Capital Bonus rate is 75% of 
the Guaranteed Sum Assured. 

far bener alternative, however, b to apply for a loan 
secured on your policy (full writ ten derails are 
available on request). This way, you can still look 
forward to a final lamp sum. 


Look at the table to work out the size of the payout 
you could receive. Then simply tell us the amount 
you wish to save (between CIO and £100 a mouth). 

By return, well send you a FREE Personal mustradan 
and a specimen policy showing exactly btnr 
Moneymaker Plus can work for ym. 

Applying couldn't be more straightforward. In fact, we 
guanuaee to accept you if you art under 80 and can 
truthfully answer 'No' to four simple qnesDons on the 
coupon. (If you answer *Yes' in any question, don't 
warty — send details anyway You may soB be accepted.) 
There is normally no need for a medical esamina Lion. 
Hwrcvet it b important that you disclose aS fans that 
are likely to influence the assessment and acceptance 
of your proposal. So if you’re in doubt as to whether 
or not any detail is relevant, you should disdose it. 
Apply today for your FREE Illustration — and ioin 
toe Smith family for the Moneymaker Pius payout 
in 10 years! 

sigftr or the useof a limh in an acckteni at /4iVF time 
before your 70th birthday, we will pay all vour 
remaining premiums for you. So you can still look 
forward to a lump sum. 

goes into your savings. That way, we can gwe you a 
higher cash payout after 10 years. Whart more, 
therek usually no medical to worry about, and your 
cover starts from Day One of the plan. 


• Easy appbcauon 

■ No medical erammaunu normally re qu i r ed 
m Tax free cadi sum 

• All ages between 16 and BO an apply 

• Maura nm ash iIkt 10 yean tor the ower-SD^ 
•Your premiums paid lor you if you lose yournght 

or the use of a limb 

■ Access to your ash if yni need it 
•NoobUgaikm - Nc salesman will call 

Don't delay — apply today! 


Moneymaker Plus has been designed with Lhe over- 
50’s very much in mind. As you eei older and your 
children grow up, yuu don't ne e d as much life 

Sa with Moneymaker Plus more of yonr money 


Yes! Moneymaker Hus is designed to give you the 
best possible return t^er a full 10 years But you can 
cash in your policy after just 2 yeais if you wish, 
although this value will he low in the early years. A 


U there hanjiiuiig further you wish to blow about 
the pfam our hues are open each weekday evenm* 
until S o'clock. Experienced staff will be happy in 
help. Just call uaotc 

HORSHAM (0403)59009 



PleaM send or a FREE Personal niDsxrwtian. 

I nn tkma ndthai there it No Obligation and No Sa lesm a n wiD gap. 

APPLY BY 9th MAY 1988 

to Qualify far y.»r Mutv-crmter Hus pritn and ftmr FREE Jturt; arrant dxk 


L Sam* 

autrx umriruM* 

Kaenamca (m toUi. 

2. Answw ‘“YES’ or “NO” to cash question below: 

If you are under 80 and can truthfully answer “NO" to the 4 ctoesnons. 
you an guaianiced u be atnpMd with no tunher queaians cv rutdioi 
cum mouan. If you amwer ’YES" to any quesum. pkate altwdi details- 
You may Hill he areeptrd. 

3. TkA the amount you wish to Invest caefa month: 







t to 
s in 





is, if 
‘ ®R“ 







iai Hare you any reason in helm yen are tux m good health 1 


m vn 


Qeioo inmi 


lb; Are yon retwimc. or hare you reotred uahin the last 
nretrt trtoabs, any cnediai treznnemi’ 

j Age- 

J3are V Folk. 

ccl Doytmpmicipaiemanylazardoinocatpnitmor 
actmty isuch is prime antum or deep-sea dtvmjL^ 

Name ot Brobcr 'Amm. if any. 

rdl Hm a propmalm pour hie ham declined, post poaed, 
orjcxeptaJoniprraJ terms by tayhk 
DBUretKc company ? 




□era D/so 

□f 20 Ckio l mini 


■MOORranATtMc mocsix askance 

X*A!*wilmeoii!»o btfuc otter dava. So Uaor o r«imwl Joduw 
Sua Alhance MM Dept, FSEETOST. HoKhren. W. &ot*ct RH12 IZA. 



xmvurMUiaaii'iiBiMiMi 'I 

_ ; rtg.vmSMj | 


tttf TT \TES TUESDAY APRIL 29 1986 

0 ( 

10 c 




Computers talk to each other these days. Their productive discourse is nothing new 
n the efficiently run office. 

But will the conversation carry on when you want to branch out? 

At Hewlett-Packard,we’ve developed the Personal ProductivityCentre. It’s a unique 

approach to computer system planning. 

It’ll support hundreds of computers in one office. And it can be connected to 

thousands in other offices around the world. 

It’ll also provide all the hardware and software you’ll ever need for word processing , 

data processing and electronic mail. 

If you’d like to know how the Personal ProductivityCentre can help you, complete 

die coupon. 

At Hewlett-Packard, we come up with answers, not up against brick walls. 

Help my computer break out of the office. Please send me full information about your 

Personal Productivity Centre. 

. r -Title ^ ’ " ' ' • — 

Tel: ” 

Marne — 
Address _ 


I Tl-.l r 


We can work it out. 







-■ 1 


-r ■* 


Reagan signals 
his backing 
for the Aquino 

From Michael Bin yon, Washington 
In an jmporiam gesture of Mr Reagan, according to 

k fi^,£u made d H rra 8 lmelda Marcos and Mrs Nan- 

? R^. A Honolulu lelevj- 

support for the new Philippine 
Government, President Rea- 
gan is to hold separate talks on 
Thursday with Mr Salvador 
Laurel, the Vice-President, in 

They will discuss Mr 
ffSP** of an extra 
SI 50 million {£100 million) in 
emergen- - !J - - - 

g* ft*. 

President Aquino last week. 

Meanwhile, details have 
emerged of the long, emotion- 
al telephone conversation be- 
tween Mr Reagan and former 
President Marcos in Hawaii at 
the weekend. The deposed 
Philippine leader, who did 
most of the talking, asserted 
he was still the rightful Presi- 
dent, and complained bitterly 
about bis fall and exile. 

He said he wanted to return 
to Philippine politics, and in a 
phone call later to his support- 
ers in Manila said he was 
“ready to fight". 

Administration sources, ffrm- 
ly but politely rejected his 
assertions, expressing his sup- 
port for the Aquino Govern- 
ment and saying that the 
Filipino people had expressed 
their collective wilL 
Much of the call was taken 
up by a talk between Mrs 

M t* 


sion station, allowed to shoot 
silent footage, broadcast pic- 
tures of Mrs Marcos dis- 
traught and sobbing. 

She complained of her be- 
trayal by the American media, 
and such unflattering accounts 
as her 3,000 pairs of shoes left 
behind in the presidential 

White House officials gave 
few details of the conversa- 
tion. held in the presence of 
Mr Donald Regan, the White 
House chief of staff; and 
Admiral John Poindexter, the 
national security adviser. 

Manila ignores rally 
appeal by Marcos 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 



■■ vj- 





• m 

The Government of Presi- 
dent Aquino and Manila's 
newspapers yesterday ignored 
a string, direct radio appeal by 
deposed President Marcos for 
his supporters to stage a rally 
on May 1 to demand Ids return 
from exile. 

U I don't like to comment on 
the rantings of a discredited 
man," Mr Rene Sagnisag, a 
presidential spokesman, said 
after the Marcos appeal on 
Sunday over a local radio 

Only one of Manila's 10 
daily newspapers mentioned 
the rally and the unprecedent- 
ed radio address. 

Loudspeakers in (he city's 
Lon eta Park broadcast the 
interview to abont 10,000 pro- 
Marcos supporters who gath- 
ered at the park's grandstand 
for the fourth succes si ve week 
to demand the return of Mr 
Marcos, toppled two months 
ago in a civilian-backed m3i- 
taiy revolt, ~ 

His sup porters say Mr 

• .!%£' 

Marcos, aged 68, who fled 
from the presidential palace in 
a LJS helicopter, was "kid- 
napped" and flown to Hawaii 
instead of being airfifted to his 
northern home province of 
Ilocos Norte, where he intend- 
ed to regain control of the 
country from Mrs Aquino. 

Many tearfil] Marcos sap- 
porters cheered and appended 
when Mr Marcos, die nation's 
strongman for 20 years, urged 
them to "doable and quad- 
ruple" their ranks and press 
for his return. But the crowd 
was half the size of the 
previous week. 

Mr Marcos, who stiH con- 
siders himself President, said 
Mrs Aquino had taken power 
through the "greatest political 
robbery in history". 

• BERN: The Philippines has 
formally asked the Swiss au- 
thorities to help it recover 
more than $1 billion alleged- to 
be held in Switzerland by Mr 
Marcos, the Government said 
(Renter reports). 

Mr Reagan trying to catch a coconot during a walk with Mrs 
Reagan on a Hawaiian beach before flying on to BalL 

to be kept 
in America 

From Frederick Bonnart 

New American chemical 
weapons will not be stocked in 
Europe in normal peacetime. 
Naio is to ask the US to 
manufacture the binary chem- 
ical weapons and keep them 
there, ready for deployment in 
Europe in a crisis. 

Senior defence planners 
from the delegations of mem- 
ber countries, meeting in 
Nato's defence review com- 
mittee yesterday, approved 
improvements to the military 
force structure of the alliance 
requested by the leading Nato 
commanders, according to a 
senior Nato official. 

Among these is the request 
from General Bernard Rogers. 
Supreme Allied Commander 
Europe, for modem binary 
chemical munitions. 

Binary chemical weapons 
are stored in two halves which 
are harmless apart but form a 
lethal nerve gas when mixed. 

General Rogers, who has 
been firm on his need for such 
modem weapons, is equally 
adamant about the need for 
political control Provided 
they are available for rapid 
shipment to Europe, he said, 
“there is no reason why they 
now have to be over here". 

What is necessary, in his 
opinion, is allied agreement to 
release procedures similar to 
those for nuclear weapons to 
place responsibility for their 
employment firmly in the 
hands of political rather than 
military authorities. 

Five dead as balaclava gaqg 
attacks vigil in Soweto % 

At least five people are 
believed to have been killed 
and up to 30 injured in an 
attack by a gang in balaclavas 
at a funeral vigH in Soweto, it 
was reported yesterday. 

Residents claim that several 
other youths were driven off 
in what appeared to be police 

News of the attack coincid- 
ed with reports that up to 100 
off-duty black policemen were 
involved in reprisal attacks on 
anti-apartheid activists in Al- 
exandra township on Johann- 
esburg's northern border last 
week which left at least three 
people dead. Police say that 
the claims are being inves- 

Two policemen were 
wounded yesterday in a 
pitched gun battle in Alexan- 
dra which left two of their 
attackers dead and another 

From Ray Kennedy, Johannesborg 

Another black policeman' their vehicles were attacked by 

was seriously injured in 
Mamelodi township, outside 
Pretoria, at the weekend when 
a mob tried to “necklace him 
- bum him to death with a 
petrol-filled tyre round his 

A hand-grecEade attack was 
made on another black 
policeman's home, and police 
in Zwide township near Port 
Elizabeth were fired on by a 

Ai least 33 black policemen 
have been killed in townships 
in the last two years, and 
many more have had their 
homes burnt down by mobs. 

A sergeant was knifed to 
death in Soweto on Friday 
shortly before the vigil began 
for a youth aged 18 shot by 
police 10 days ago. 

In Tembisa township, east 
of Johannesburg, police yes- 
terday shot a man dead as 

crowds gathering for the fu- 
neral of a trade unionist 
allegedly killed by police gun- 
fire two weeks ago. 

Polk* and troops later 
sealed off the township and 
barred entry xo senior union 
officials, including Mr Dents 
Macshane of the 5™*? 
Transport and General Work- 
ers' Union, who is in South 
Africa with an International 
Metal Workers* • Federation 
delegation. . . • . 

Meanwhile, a judge tn the 
Rand Supreme Court in Jo- 
hannesburg yesterday ruled 
that the black National Umon 
of Mineworkers is- entitled to 
call a one-day strike on Thurs- 
day. May Day. 

The Chamber of Mines, the 
employers* body, says tbarihc 
stoppage could cost £21-5 
million in lost production ai 
gold and coal mines. 

First Coloured ambassador tipped 

From Out Correspondent 

A former school principal is 
expected soon to be appointed 
South Africa's first Coloured 

Dr Richard Hoods, aged 50, 
a member of tbe President's 
Council tbe Government's 
leading constitutional advisory 
body, is likely to be named as 
Sooth Africa's man in Ottawa 
as soon as formal protocol 
arrangements between the 
South African and Canadian 
governments are completed. 

Another Coloured. Mr Ri- 

chard Davis, who has served in 
South African consulates in 
New York and Los Angeles, is 
also being tipped for an am- 
bassadorial posL 
Coloureds and Indians have 
served as junior diplomats in 
the South African foreign 
service for some years, and the 
Department of Foreign Affairs 
has launched an advertising 
campaign to attract more grad- 
uates to train for assignments 
But Dr Hood's appointment 
to Ottawa will be a particular- 
ly challenging one, given the 
delicate relationship between 
the two governments. 

As South Africa's reform 
process gathers pace, specuia- 
tfon is mounting that tbe 
fundamental Group Areas Act 
will soon join the influx con- 
trol laws on the legislative 

Although last week's White 
Paper on urbanization said 
that separate resid enti a l areas 
should remain for different 
race groups. Mr Chris Hemis, 
Minister of Constitutional De- 
velopment and Planning, said 
he was not wedded to any act. 

The President's Council is 
investigating the Group Areas 

Appeal likely after Astiz acquittal 

From A Correspondent 
Buenos Aires 

The Supreme Council of the 
Argentine armed forces has 
formally announced that 
Lieutenant-Commander Alf- 
redo Astiz has been acquitted 
of all charges related to the 
disappearance of the Swedish- 
Argentine teenager Dagmar 

Senor Luis Zamora, attor- 
ney for the plaintiff, Mr 
Ragnar Hagelin, father of the 
missing girl, said that he will 
study the military court's deci- 
sion with the purpose of 
lodging an appeal. 

The military high tribunal 
based its decision on a lack of 
conclusive proof that Lieuten- 
ant-Commander Astiz was in- 

volved in the 1977 dis- 
appearance of Dagmar or her 
detention in the Naval 
Mechanics' School The pros- 
ecuting attorney had recom- 
mended that all of the facts of 
the case be recognized and 
that Lieutenant-Commander 
Astiz be acquitted on the 
ground of “due obedience". 

The court's decision to base 
the acquittal on lack of proof, 
rather than on the following of 
orders from Navy superior 
officers, may imply tbat the 
Astiz trial has not turned out 
to be the lest case for the “due 
obedience" principle that had 
been expected. 

The Supreme Council also 
dictated that the investigation 
of The Hagelin case will con- 
tinue within an inquiry on the 

Naval Mechanics' School de- 
tention centre. 

Speaking outside the court, 
Mr Hagelin said that he was 
uncertain about what further 
investigation could mean, and 
feared that it may result in the 
case dragging on. He repeated 
that he was sceptical about the 
possibility of justice being 
achieved in the military 

Mr Hagelin claimed that the 
Astiz decision revealed a gov- 
ernment policy of concealed 
amnesty for middle-level mili- 
tary officers accused of human 
rights violations. 

The decision in the Astiz 
case comes a year after the 
initiation on April 22 1985 of 
public civilian trials of the 
military juntas that governed 

Argentina from 1976 to 1982. 

Three days before the Astiz 
trial decision was leaked, the 
Government sent instructions 
to Senor Honor Canale, the 
Prosecutor-General of the 
armed forces, confirming the 
principle of “due obedience”. 

This stance, rejected by 
human rights organizations, 
will absolve lower-ranking of- 
ficers from prosecution, ex- 
cept in cases where they 
“knew the illiriiness of the 
orders or earned out atrocities 
or aberrations", or departed 
from or exceeded orders. 

Simultaneously, President 
Alfonsin on Thursday told 
ministers, congressional lead- 
ers and Supreme Court jus- 
tices that he wants the military 
human rights trials speeded, 

Lord Stockton blamed 
over fate of refugees 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

A book published in Lon- 
don yesterday accuses Lord 
Stockton, the former Conser- 
vative Pnme Minister Harold 
Macmillan, of helping to send 
tens of thousands of Russians 
and Yugoslavs to death or 
imprisonment at the hands of 
Stalin and T no 

The book. The Minister and 
the Massacres by Nikolai Tol- 
stoy. also claims that there is 
evidence that someone tam- 
pered with the official record 
of these events, mainly for the 
purpose of placing the blame 
on Field Marshal Lord 

A spokesman for Lord 

Stockton said he would not be 
making any comment. 

Mr Tolstoy, whose earlier 
book. Victims of Yalta, 
documented the Anglo-Amer- 
ican agreement to return hun- 
dreds of thousands of Soviet 
refugees to Stalin at the end of 
the Second World War. says 
the decision to return 23.000 
Yugoslavs to Tito was taken 
in defiance of orders from 
Churchill the wartime Prime 

Virtually all of these Yugo- 
slavs were massacred in a pit 
in Slovenia. The only three 
known survivors were inter-' 
viewed by the author. 

■ ■■■ ;! 


















v*": ; ■ ' 

Sf.'lA. . .. 

A great way Jo fly 


Every evening, we head for home in an exclusive BIG TOP 747, the biggest, most advanced 747 in the world. A good meal, the service even other airlines talk about 
and then you can fall asleep. We fly non-stop from Heathrow five times a week. Because when you’re going to Singapore, you don’t want to wake up in the Middle East’ 








You can buy a good deal more with 
your Luncheon Vouchers than rolls and 

Why not a Tagliatelli Vongole, a Roast 
Beef Salad or even a spoonful of Caviar? 

Given that Luncheon Vouchers are now 
accepted by over 30,000 establishments 
around the country, you can hardly say 

you’re starved of choice. 

Some of the swankiest restaurants and 

hotels will, believe it or not, be happy to 
take them. Provided that the company you 
work for is smart enough to give them. 

Many of our more enlightened firms 
have long recognised that lunch is not a 

luxury but a necessity. 

A well fed work force can make all 

the difference between two hour’s work in 
tVw* afternoon. as against three productive 

hours after lunch. . 

That’s why many companies provide 

canteens and lunch bars and those that 
don’t can give Luncheon Vouchers. v 
True enough, the Government still only 
allows 15p a day tax free but they’ve also 
been good, enough to exempt LV’s from 
National Insurance Contributions. 

Depending on your rate of tax a £1 
Luncheon Voucher can be worth quite a bit 

more than i 

the bread. 

If you’d like to talk over the details 
of Luncheon Vouchers’ tax advantages or 
indeed any other part of the scheme, get 
in touch with Chris Jones on 01-935 4424. 

Alternatively, send your business card 
with a request for details to the same person 
at Luncheon Vouchers Ltd., 50 Vauxhall 

London SW1V 2RS. 

>if. . ; . 



DAY APRIL 29 1986 

as Gandhi moves 
to crush party rebels 

Fr °m Michael Hamjyu * * 

Mr Rajiv Gandhi the in^« milftaiitsrenew Punjab killings 

an Prime MinisterThas (Renter) — Sikh escaped, but his bodyguard 

an emphatic move *— — ■ * — *- 

; v j;-- • ‘ 

fog t 

rfve in Punjab state, kOJt- wtmndi 
hree people, including * third vi 

ttle. The 
h temple 


own nr nanv gnin. 
IhTs Congress (I) Party, The 

nmea also tried to Ida a 
■ militant leader in a by two 

It Sant 
iot dead 
ists who 


led Amritsar bazaar. Ho escape! 



senior ialo t . *** 2lst century, has foreign correspondents. 

Mrs Indira Gandhi, and £ USh ?L *2- **** a For all these men, and for From Stephen Taylor don’s third highest judicial after being sentenced to a Evans, called on 

hones to have smviJwi °» Prominent men, many others like them, Mr Sydney officer. Amid the cheers, there prison term last September, he don not to pnrsm 

are often said including the corrupt, the Mukheriee and his friends », , w were tears and cries of “Good refosed to resign. allegations, whiefc 

major faHingout with ejkrfy. represent an otyect lesson. Mr rh ^ D 2jLI 1 'rwt Lionel". _ A former Attorney-General been dealt with 

" £“?" “J *°» «Si“ Mr ^ Msn.hy, ,ged Mr Whta'» L*- lively and fairly, 

eluded in Mr Gandhfs fim hOSUit - **£?“* ^ ** hansUy Stefoptfog to parwit the 63, described the verdict as a bor Government. Mr Justice Charges agains 

Cabinet, and has since beat T? 61 * mb now a number of ircaiea. coane of justice and sentenced indication of the jury system. s appointment to the Murphy stemmed 

- • - ukMI mrh Maa I ll I >*T. _ 1 ci unu* in juuu uiu Kmnnra __ , , , . U.nk fanrl in 107 ? me Mi «... . 1 ■ . - . , 

Cheers as High Court judge cleared 

don’s third highest judicial 
officer. Amid the cheers, there 
were tears and cries of “Good 
on yon, Lionel”. 

after being sentenced to a Evans, called on the Opposi- 
prison term last September, he don not to pursue farther the 

increasingly excluded from n*? 0 under-employed In a large country hke jg imprisonment, He declined, however, to say _ . . . _ „ 

central politics. He has, how- a grudge against ours," explained a govern- ^ yesterday acquitted by a "bother he will resume his popular with the Opposition senior magistrate that he at- 

ever, never won an election: ^ or bis young and meat figure sympathetic to Mr iorv at his retriaL place on the High Coart and, although the Liberals tempted to influence the crimi- 

his place in Parliament came ab f* a y* colleagues. Gandhi, “the central Govern- -ft* paH* Miw at the beacb - ‘ *“ — ' ‘ “ 

refosed to resign. allegations, which he said had 

A former Attorney-General been dealt with comprehen- 
in Mr Gough Whitlaiu’s La- sively and fairly, 
bor Government, Mr Justice Charges against Mr Justice 
Morphy's appointment to the Morphy stemmed from claims 
High Court in 1975 was. not by a district court judge and a 

Seoul (Reuter) — Two stu- 
dents yesterday soaked them- 
selves with petrol and set 
themselves ablaze in an anti- 
govemment demonstration by 
about 250 Seoul National 
University students. 

Witnesses said the two 
climbed to the roof of a three- 
storev building before pouring 
petrol over themselves. They 
threatened to set themselves 
alight if police approached 
and did so as police drew near. 

One was further injured 
when he jumped from the roof 
to avoid being arrested. Both 
were reported to be critically 
ill in hospital with extensive 

Yesterday's incidents fol- 
lowed clashes on Sunday in 
_ _ Lthe central city of Chonju 

k AiAAVA/i where more than 1.000 stu- 

J riearen denis attacked ranks of riot 

police after an opposition 
Evans, called on the Opposi- political rally, 
don not to pursue further the The students were dispersed 
allegations, which he said had . by tear gas. Police claimed the 

Gandhi, "the central Govern- 

pubtic gallery at the bench. 

nch. yesterday refused to comment naj proceedings against Mr 

through indirect election to Mr Mukhegee named a few ment must be strong and it rAntr ql crimmal Court ap- He stood down in 1984 amid on ps acquittal they may yet Morgan Ryan, a Sydney solic- 

the upper bouse from a state ° r the01 m 30 mtemg w be must appear to be strong. If pianded as the jury’s verdict allegations of serions rabcon- see* to re-open parliamentary hor. Mr Ryan, a friend of Mr 

which was not his own. §» ve c to , a Bombay magazine, dissident voices are allowed to Was announced, bringing to an duct which led to two parlia- Proceedings to remove him. justice Morphy, was facing 

The three punished with ** s ? aw lading to ms be heard, they will weaken the end more than two years of roentary inquiries and finally Speaking for the Hawke charges of forgery and con- 

him. who receive the lesser from the party. image of the Government" proceedings against the na- to his indictment But, even Government Senator Gareth spiracy. 

sentence of suspension, are Mr They represent themselves r ■■■ * 1 ■■■ 

SripatMishra, who was briefly as Indira loyalists and as the 
Chief Minister of the most “true" Congress, and include 
populous state of the Indian Mr Jagganath Mishra, a fbr- 

union, Uttar Pradesh, but mer Chief Minister from Bi- 

whose sacking there has bar who was ousted by Mr ■1^^. AgH B B Bk JB 

passed largely unlamented; Gandhi but who has contin- B ■ J i BMk J m 3. 

Mr A.P. Sharma, a former ued to murmur against bis ■ ^ ^ B B Bfl B48t iM JhRA 

trade unionist and Governor successor. Mr Gundu Rao ■ mjvml ■ B B hIm fl B Hr Sl ff ¥ B w 

of Bengal who wa$ removed fr° m Karnataka, whose chief H Jm U B Vfl II B 9 81 IS 1 IH B ^ ||| 

after falling out with the left- ministership there was sur- RB fl ■■ Pj A^B Rl ^ 

front government there; and rounded by such an atmo- ^B^B B B B B ^^^B ^BB B BH mM 

Mr Prakash Mehrotra. a for- sphere of corruption that B 

mer High Commissioner in Congress lost two elections to: |B . jm I JB B 

London, who was replaced the state assembly: Mr Madh- . A 

under a cloud and was de- avsinb Solanki. who as Chief B| A a baJh Jfm 

scribed to me yesterday as “a Minister of Gujarat put to- IWI ^^B l^l^l wm Bll ■ B B BT 

political zero". getiw a coalition of interests H B H IBb| B B 1 la IW B I 

protest was thwarted and 123 
left-wing students were arr- 

Mr Lee Young Chang, Ihc 
metropolitan police chief, said 
police arrested the students as 
they tried to assemble near the 
university library to occupy iL 

The students were protest- 
ing against their scheduled 
military training. President 
Chun, and US support for 

Protest at 

Boon (Renter) — West Ger- 
many wifl make a formal- 

gether a coalition of interests 

Poll fraud 
by Awami 

Dhaka Sheikh Hasinajj 
Wa ged , t he Ba pg la iferirOppo-| 


Do you find the Mo 
Management Accoi 

, ii i; 



I ^ : '' r y 



pretest to Paragnay over an sitiop leader, has threatened to! 
incident yesterday m which a storm the Parliament building! 
West German diplomat and here if her Awami league is: 
two German journalists were deprived through rigging of an. 
beaten by Paraguayan police, electoral victory next month 
a Foreign Ministry spokes- (Ahmed Fazl writes). 

man an n ounce d . 

Sheikh Hasina, addressing a 

The diplomat, Herr Annin rally in the southern town of 
Steuer, said he was taken to Pirojpur, expressed fears that 
police headquarters with a the Government would use its 
four-man television crew after influence to hijack ballot box- 
they had filmed a rally in es and manipulate results in; 
Asuncion by the banned Liber- favour of the Jatiya Party in 
al Radical Authentic Party. the May 7 elections. "In that 

Herr Stener said that he and case I shall declare my casdi- 
Nflorians Braider and Peter dates winners and lay siege to 
Wendt, West German journal- the Parliament building with 
hts, and Antonio Vnlin and my supporters," she said. 
Eduardo Johnson, Argentine President Erehad has said 
journalists, were beaten with that the Opposition fears are 
dubs. unfounded. 

The demonstration, calling An Election Commission 
for more pohtkal freedom, was spokesman said 1-527 candi- 
the latest in a rare outburst of dates were contesting the dec- 
protest against the dictator- tion, which would pave the. 
ship of General Alfredo way for civilian rule after 
Stroessner, who has ruled the more than four years of mar- 
repubGc since 1954. tial law. 




Annual returns for 1985 which 
have not reached the Registrar of 
Companies are now overdue and 
must be filed immediately 
with the £20 fee. 

Anvaecounts for a financial year ending 
31 May 1985 or earlier are also overdue and 
must be Med immediately. 

Failure to Me returns or accounte is- 
a criminal offence for which mdmdual 
directors are liable to prosecution (m the 
last year there has been a 40% increase m 

P^^Comirtions are now being notified 
to local papers in the areas where the 

defaulting directors live. 


aisa». . 






very interesting 

I £5,000-£I0,000 

8 - 5 % 


very, very interesting. 

■ M • i 4 1 « M , V-: l- '-A , ^ , BiT-y .11 1 , kV4- J 

£ 10 , 000 + 

stone me! 

you a high rate of interest, whatever your 

rate on all your Money Management savings. 
And now there% a new top rate of 8.75% net on 
balances of £10,000 or more. 

You get instant access, too. Draw up to 
£1,000 in cash or £20,000 by cheque each day 
at any National & Provincial branch. 

And you won’t lose any interest. 

N«nQNtt.ii novmcjAL building soaert rgepost. madfocd. west tokkshme bdi iul 


I am interested in managing my money better with National & Provincial Building Society. 



I /We enclose a ehequa for £ 


to be invested in a Money Management Accou nt. 
Please send further information I 1 

Send tor Peter M Harrand, National 6 Provincial Building Society. FREEPOST, Bradford. West Yorkshire BDI 1BR. 




Spanish bishops warn 
against dominance 
of the Socialist Party 

‘ Miracle’ babies unscathed bnt mothers* nightmare goes on 

Fears still haunt 
rescued victims 


- Spain's Roman Catholic 
'bishops have warned of the 

• risks for democracy if the 
' ruling Socialist Party consoli- 
dates a dominant position in 

! Urging a pluralistic society, 
-the bishops disapprove of a 
'.single Christian Democrat 

- party claiming to represent all 
.Catholics, preferring to urge 

- the faithful 10 play a full yet 
■ critical role, both individually 

and collectively, in Spanish 

The Role of the Catholics in 
"! Public Life. . a 60-page docu- 

• ment just made public, is the 
. most important policy state- 
*ment to come from Spain’s 
'Catholic Church since the 
“bishops, led by Cardinal 

iish democracy after abandon- 
ing the privileged role given 
|ihem b> the Franco regime. 

- “Whenever one political 
group attains hegemonic pow- 
er. the temptation becomes 
almost inevitable to consoli- 
date that power permanently 
’and to remodel the whole of 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 
society, and even citizens’ 
minds, according to the 
group's own way of life and 
own ethical criteria,” the bish- 
ops said. 

They protested about what 
they saw as the “excessive 
presence” of the state in the 
key decision-making centres 
of the economy, the media, 
especially publicly-run televi- 
sion, the" judiciary, and even 
in culture. 

The document, although 
more than two years in prepa- 
ration. will inevitably have 
immediate political impact 
after the calling by Senor 
Felipe Gonzalez, the Prime 
Minister, of general elections 
on June 22. 

Presenting the policy docu- 

of San Sebastian, said that the 
Church's new position empha- 
sized both the Catholics' mor- 
al commitment and critical 
acceptance of modem society. 

“The absence or ethical 
values makes political ma- 
nipulation the more easy,” he 
said. “This is happening be- 

cause of an excessive politi- 
cization, a trend towards the 
state taking over society in a 
totalitarian manner, even 
though democratic forms are 

The bishops in another 
passage warn Catholics active 
in politics against putting their 
party's interest before those of 
the general good, but they also 
seek to combat today’s popu- 
lar cynicism about the poli- 

The Socialist Government 
has stayed silent about the 
document, keenly aware many 
of its voicts at the 1932 
genera! elections were Catho- 
lics, and reckoning that today 
few Catholics follow blindly 
whatever the bishops say. 

But those political parties of 

the prospect of another Social- 
ist victory at the polls in eight 
weeks’ time, now have reason 
to feel the Church smiles on 
their endeavours to provide 
Spain with an alternative gov- 
ernment, if not this year then 
at subsequent general elec- 

Peres hint of anxiety about Jordan 

Mr Shimon Peres, the Israe- 
li Prime Minister, has con- 
■ firmed that what he calls 
“quid diplomacy" with Jor- 
dan is continuing — prompt- 
ring speculation here that he is 
worried that King Husain is 
preparing to move closer to 

Although the disclosure has 
* caused no surprises in Israel, it 
appears that Mr Peres - who 
rarely says anything without 
an ulterior motive — is wor- 
ried that the King is flirting 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 
with the idea of rejecting 
Israel’s right to exist. 

Mr Peres made his com- 
ments during a weekend tele- 
vision educational pro- 
gramme. There was. he freely 
admitted, no tangible break- 
through in secret discussions 
with Jordan, which were 
“characterized by mutual un- 
derstanding more than by 

The Prime Minister went 
out of his way to praise the fact 
that the King had broken off 

political contact with the Pal- 
estine Liberation Organiza- 
tion on February 19. 

But sources here think the 
King has been discouraged by 
the- lack of support from 
Palestinians in the occupied 
territories, and that has led 
him to move closer to the 
Syrian position of total rejec- 
tion of Israel. 

The fact that Mr Taher 
Kanan. the Jordanian minis- 
ter responsible for the territo- 
ries, was dismissed at the 
weekend is seen as proof 

From John Carlin 
Mexico City 

The vacant, unconcerned 
minds of the babies who 
survived the worst of Mexico 
City's devastating earthquake 
last year have apparently 
brushed off the effects of the 
catastrophe. Many of the 
adults, however, look as 
though they will be damaged 

^The" 40 or so T*"™*!*" 
babies, who were buried sunder 
the earthquake-flattened 
buildings and lived, are report- 
ed by doctors to be sbowingno 

signs of mental trauma- The 

same cannot be said fw those 
mothers buried with them, 
Senonx Hortensia Her- 
nandez's sixth baby, Guada- 
lupe, was born at 3J5 am on 

Mexico after 
the quake 

Part 2 

September 19 1985. At 7.19 
am the 8 J Richter-scale trem- 
ors began, lasting more than a 
minute. Sehora Hernandez, 
aged 28, was lying in bed at 
Mexico City’s General Hospi- 
tal with Guadalupe, not yet 
four hours old, asleep by her. 

“It's the end of the world, I 
thought to myself. But funnily 
enough, yon know, I was 
surprisingly calm and un- 
afraid. Well here I'm going to 
die, 1 thought. There's nothing 
i can do abont it.” 

Sehora Hernandez, who was 
on the fifth floor of the 
hospital, said she heard 
screams and windows cracking 
and saw the beds in her ward 
crashing into each other. 

“I fell to the floor, clutching 
the baby. I saw the ceiling cave 
in, then everything went dark. 
It was only then that I started 
to get really frightened.” 

SeAora Hern&ndez brake a 
bone in her foot, bat never lost 
consciousness daring the 24 
hoars she remained trapped 
under the remains of the 
Genera] Hospital, where more 
than 1,000 people died. What 
saved her and Gnadalnpe was 
a bed and a tough mattress 
that came between them and 
the coUapsed cdfing. 

Daring this bizarre burial, 
Gnadalnpe dozed c on te n tedly 
as her mother screamed 
screamed, claustrophobic and 
despairing in the darkness. 

Today Gnadalnpe is a 
healthy, sniffing baby. Seftora 
Hernandez, who fives with her 
husband and children in a two- 
room shack at the bottom of a 
ravine, is a nervous wreck. 

“The tiniest thing frightens 
me, a dog's bark or toe swish 
of a curtain. I get sad and 
depressed about fife, for no 
particular reason. I get angry 
ail the time with the kids. And 
I have a tot of bad dreams. 
Always about the same dung: 
the absolate despair of bong 
buried alive.” 

Doctors and psychologists 
have found the same pattern 
over and over: the babies are 
healthy in mind and body, toe 
mothers are in serious need of 
psychiatric help* 

One of the saddest cases to 
have emerged from the tragedy 
is that of a young seamstress 
in her mid-twenties who was 
buried for eight days under the 
rubble of the factory where she 
worked- No adult was buried 
longer and survived. 

The young woman, whose 
name her doctor does not wish 
to be published, was already a 
widow with three children 
before the earthquake. 

When toe tremors began 
she had just arrived at work 
and was with her new boy 
friend. As the masomy col- 
lapsed around them, she faint- 
ed, the boy friend held her up. 


' ■ » 

•- • > v • * A ’ . • ■ -• 

- 3 .:- v 

L-,,,..-.-- LJ 


■'■r . 


Senora Hernandez with Guadalupe, who shared her ordeaL 
then fefi protectively on top of Her ey« sis permanently ton- 

m m m v a 1 knt oH UiPM— O Oil hov 

her. He was kffled and she had 
to spend the remainder of war 
ordeal with his body decom- 
posing beside her. 

Ttslay the young seamstress 
spends her days and nights in 
bed, only half alive, in a 
hospital ran by rass. Physi- 
cally she suff e re d da mag e to 
her eye. She tost an eyelid, a 
part of toe body that dodoes 
say cannot heal or be replaced. 

daged, but otherwise all her 
limbs and internal organs are 
in working mder. 

Mentally, however, she has 
ndergone what a psychoana- 
lyst «•*!!* “an Infan tile re- 
gression”. She does- net talk, 
she whimpers. And every time 
she sees her doctor, to whom 

die is as devoted as a newborn 

rhiM to its mother, she kisses 
his hand and weeps. 

fail to get 
quick end 
to Gulf row 

Bahrain (Reuter)— Adiph > 
marie shuttle went on between 
the Gulf neighbours Qatar and 
Bahrain yesterday to tiy to 
resolve their dispute over the 
ownership 1 of a coral reef 
On Saturday. Qatar seized 
29 men — including two 
Britons, two Thais, a Dutch- 
man and,* it- is thought, 24 
Filipinos — working at the 
Facht aTDibel reef on a 
defence prefect funded by the 
six-nation Gulf Co-operation 
Council (GCQ, to which both 
states belong. 

A Bahrain-based tug near 
the reef was forced to retreat 
by machine-gun fire from 
Qatari helicopters. 

The Dutch Embassy to Ku- 
wait yesterday sent an envoy 
to the Qatari capital of Doha,- 
where the workers were being 
held, to try to secure their 

Mr Yousef bin Alawi, 
Oman’s Minister of State for 
Foreign Affairs, flew to Doha 
and Bahrain as part of diplo- 
matic moves by GCC allies to 
settle the affair. “We are trying 
to acquaint ourselves with 
both viewpoints in the hope of 
restoring me situation towhat 
it used lo be,” he said in 
Bahrain before flying home. 

Prince Sultan bin Abdul 
a 717 , Saudi Arabia's Defence 
Minister, visited both capitals 
yesterday, but diplomatic 
sources said he apparently 
made little progress in recon- 
ciling the two sides. 

In Kuwait, Sheikh Sabah aJ- 
, Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah, the 
Foreign Minister, warned the 
incident might affect all GCC 
states if it is not contained.' 
The British Embassy in 
i Bahr ain named the two Brit- 
i ons as - Mr Richard Thomp- 
i son, married with a family in 
i Bahrain, and Mr Brian Da- 
vies, a bachelor. 


•1 1 

Gloomy augury by 
Greek bank chief 

From Mario Modiano, Athens 
The Greek Government Government but traditionally 
will have to bade its austerity acts as its main non-political 
programme with stimulation economic adviser, empha- 

The percentage 
rises 3S you. n.50% 

5 free market forces to move sized that 1985 saw a agnifi- 
the nation out of the economic cant deterioration of the 
doldrums, its top economic imbalances of the Greek 
mentor said yesterday: economy. 

Mr. Dimitris - Chalik ias, The country’s external debt 




■; '’,4* ■ ,/•••' ,4 ,. . 

I ■ m 

Instant access. 
No penalties. 

The interest rates on Abbey 
National' s Five Star Account start 
high and rise automatically the 
more you invest - right up to our 
top rate of 8.50%. You get Five Star 
interest on all the money in your 
account, yet access is instant. You 
can withdraw up to £250 in cash or 

Governor of the Bank of increased S14J billion 
Greece, painted -a ' gloomy (£9.7 bifliqift- The internal 
picture of the Greek economy public deficit rose to a disturb- 
m' his annual report ing 18 per cent of the gross 

He urged toe Government domestic product 
to lift the ban on massive lay- The current accounts deficit 

offs, switch from automatic in the balance of payments 
wage indexation to productiv- rose to $3.3 billion or 10 per 
ity bonuses, end price controls cent of the GDP, and earnings 
to spur in vestments, and abol- from shipping, tourism and 
isb tax immunity — for in- emigrants dropped to $3 bu- 
stance, for farmers - to bridge lion, while toe net benefit 
raping public deficits. from toe European Commum- 

The Government’s "stabfl- • ty were unable to offset this 
ization” programme, involv- decline. Private capital inflow 
ing a 15 per cent devaluation, was more than halved within 
curbs on wages and restrio- toe past five years to $800 
dons on imports, introduced million, 
in October, has already The bank governor said 
brought the ruling Socialists that, according to official tore- 
into conflict with their own casts, 1986 would be a year of 
labour base. It unleashed a “zero or slightly negative 
spate of strikes, as inflation economic growth, 
soared by 25 per cent in 1985 The Government's fore- 
and increases in pay were casts that inflation would be 
frozen. contained to 16 per cent and 

Mr Chalikias said these toe current account deficit to 
measures were not sufficient $1.7 billion, appeared ambi- 
to cope with the structural tious, but were feasible if 

weaknesses of the economy. 
“They should be suppte- 

austerity was adhered to. 
Already there were signs 

memed with structural poli- that the inflation rate had 
des to ensure a more efficient slowed down and the foreign 
functioning of markets, str- defidt been limited m the first 
engthen economic incentives, two months of this year, 
increase saving, encourage But this was more the result 
business investment, and en- of the fell in world oil pnees 
hance export orientation,” he and interest rates, than of toe 
said. stabilization programme, the 

The governor of the central results of which would take 
bank, who is appointed by the time to show. 

charges and no notice. 

Ifyour money now earns less, 
move it up to Five Star interest at 
any Abbey National office. Or post 
the coupon. 

F To: Dept FS7, Abbey National BuEdingSodety, FREEPOST, 
| 201 Grafton Gate East MILTON KEYNES MK9 IDA. 

| I/We would like Five Star treatment for ngfour money 
| and apply immediately, enclosing a cheque for 

| £ to be invested in a Five Star Account at 

| my/dur local branch in 

I Please send full details and an appBralion card. I/We 
I understand the rates might vary. 

j I/Weundeistandtoat toe interest wfllbe credited annually 
j on 1st September to this account 

Telephone -/ Cjcty J | 

Signature^ [ j tjgj. ) 







Abdulla Rage 

By Caroline Moorehead 

Abdulle Rage . Taraweh, a 
weD-kuown Somali poet, has 
been in detention, without 
charge or trial, for the past 
four years. 

He is thought at present to 
be held in solits y confinement 
in the National Security Ser- 
vice regional prison in Moga- i 
disho — known as “The Hale” 
to Its inmates.. As in other 
Somali jails, conditions are 
exceptionally harsh and medi- 
cal facilities poor. 

AbduUe Rage Taraweh was 
working at the Ministry of 
Information and National 
Guidance, responsible for the 
Staging of theatre, dancing, 
mask; and poetry, when he was 
arrested usexpectedly in 1982. 
Though the authorities have 
given no reason for his arrest, 
he is reported to have been 
accused of expressing anti- 
government opinions in his 

He is being heJd.under the 
Preventive Detention Law of 
1970, which provides for the 
detention of suspected oppo- 
nents of the Gorenunent. 
There fa ne limit to how long 
be can now be kept, without 
charge or triaL 

takes up 
UK post 

By Nicholas Ashford 
Diplomatic Correspondent 

Mr Leonid Zamyatin, the 
Kremlin's chief spokesman on 
international affairs for the 
past eight years, arrives in 
London -today to take over as 
Soviet Ambassador to Britain. 

His appointment is a key 
part of the current Soviet 
propaganda drive in Western 
Europe, where Moscow is 
trying to expand its political 
influence and drum up sup- 
port for recent arms control 
initiatives by Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader. 

Mr Zamyatin, a former 
bead of Tass news agency, is a 
fluent English speaker ami an 
experienced performer before . 
the press and television. He is 
certain to adopt a much higher 
public profile than recent 
Soviet -ambassadors in Lon- 
don have done. . - 
He will also bring greater 
authority to toe post. He is toe 
first Soviet- ambassador to 
London m decades to be a full ' 
member of toe Soviet Com- 
munist Parly’s Ctentral Com- 

However, in terms ofiKrem- 
lin power politics, his appoint- 
ment fa at best a sideways 
move, and possibly even a- 
demotkm. He is seen as being 
part of. .toe . Kremlin “old 
guard" who are being moved 
aside • to malm way - for - 
Gorbachov appointees. 

7 : 

■ •' V: 


-> . 

A - . \*«S* 





; wThj- ,.jt 

• • • ■ 1 5 : "i* 

-• •- a -f a 


' ■•-■*.* »f 

• • ' 3S 

Introducing the 
new Manchester to 
Chicago service on 
the American airline 
i that business 
travellers prefer. 

American Airlines. 

•• •:* 
v.,rr “3 

■ - r -J* 


. »v 
- ' * «J 


to Chicago starts 

May 1st. 

v * 

- : 



The next time you’re planning 
a business trip to America, think 
American Airlines. 

Because from May 1st, 
you’ll be able to fly direct from 
Manchester to Chicago. 

And on from Chicago to more 
than 130 other destinations in the 
United States, Canada and Mexico. 

That’s in addition to our daily 
non-stop flights from London/ 
Gatwick to Dallas/Fort Worth. 

To us, going to America is like 
going home, so we can take you 
to more places than any other 
transatlantic airline. 

Quickly. Efficiently. And 

Perhaps thatfs why business 
travellers have voted us the best 
airline in America in survey after 

Something that won’t please 
our competitors. 

But then a little competition 
never did any harm. 

For more information and 
details about reservations, call 
your travel agent. Or call 
American Airlines on (01) 629 8817 
or (061) 834 6351. 

The American Airline. 




not . 

fro it 

as c 






but i 


a la 
of fii 
do, i 
of i 



its villi 

and in- 
tull bre 
hotel c 
water t 
your o' 
For re 
Tel: (0 






















of U 





•!V ■ 


■ ft 


of change 

Emperor Hirohito, who today celebrates 60 
years on the Chrysanthemuin Throne, 
may no longer be the untouchable god his 
ancestors were but, as David Watts reports. 

h&jemains a controversial figure in Japan 

He has reigned longer than any 
monarch of the developed world 
since Queen Victoria. Bui not even 
Queen Victoria's name could 
conjure up such a rich variety of 
images as does that of Hirohito: 
from God-king and potentate of 
imperial Japan, reviewing his all- 
conquering troops from a white 
charger, to a kindly, gentle old 
man in a rather baggy suit peering 
through a microscope at marine 
specimens. The Emperor has led 
Jus country through a dramatic 
switchback ride of fortune as 
Japan struggled first to emulate 
and then to beat the West at its 
own game. 

As the last surviving Second 
World War leader he has been a 
witness to some of the most 
doleful and dramatic moments of 
modern history, yet he remains an 
enigma, a taboo even in his own 

The very celebration of the 
sixtieth year of his reign has had to 
be handled with the greatest of 
care not to arouse opponents of 
the Emperor nor to make it 
anything less than an appropriate- 
ly dignified occasion. Security in 
Tokyo will be the tightest it has 
been at any time since the war 
because radical leftists have 
pledged to disrupt the celebra- 
tions. There have been at least 
three rocket attacks in the heart of 
the city in recent weeks. 

Why does the author of many 
highly-regarded works on marine 
biology and the recent discoverer 
of a new species of crab remain so 
controversial? The reasons are as 
complex as Japan's recent history. 

When Hirohito was born, the 
western powers still had extraterri- 
torial rights in Japan and his 

grandfather. Emperor Meiji, direct 
descendant of Amaterasu, the sun 
goddess, was on the throne taking 
the country into its wholesale 
study of western ways. The consti- 
tution decreed that the Emperor 
was sacred and inviolable and the 
public thought the very sight of 
Emperor Meiji would kill them. 

Hirohito was taken from his 
mother at the age of three months 
to begin his imperial training. A 
puny child, he was parted even 
from his own brothers, who did 
not to have bear the same respon- 
sibility as heir to the throne. 

His most important educational 
influence appears to have been 
Count Maresuke Nogi. whose 
military career marked him out as 
the embodiment of Japanese loy- 
alty and fanaticism. A major at 22, 
Nogi was twice wounded in battles 
against the last shogunate, which 
ended with the restoration of the 
.power of the Emperor, the inaugu- 
ration of the Meiji restoration in 

The most important foreign 
influence on the young prince 
came in 1921 when he sailed to 
Britain for his first overseas visit, 
the first by a Japanese crown 
prince. The tour, he recalled in 
later years, was the happiest 
period of his life, and there is no 
doubt that what he saw of King 
George V. Edward Prince ofWales 
and British democracy left impres- 
sions which were to shape his own 
life and attitudes. 

The Prince of Wales was every- 
thing that Prince Hirohito thought 
a prince should embody. His 
freedom of movement and action 
were impossible for a member of 
the Japanese royal family. The 
Crown Prince and his entourage 

A fragile power. Emperor Hirohito, respected scientist but unlikely figurehead for the new Japan 

never forgot the morning King 
George V walked into his suite in 
Buckingham Palace wearing trou- 
sers. braces, carpet slippers and an 
open-neck shirt Slapping Hirohi- 
lo on the back, he said: “1 hope, 
m'boy, that everyone is giving you 
everything you want while you are 
here. If there is anything you need 
just ask. m never forget how your 
grandfather treated me and 
m'brother when we were in Yoko- 
hama [serving in the Royal NavyJ. 
I've always wanted to repay his 
kindness. No geishas here though. 
I'm afraid. Her Majesty would 
never allow it" 

It is a measure of the pre-war 
atmosphere in Japan and the 
extent to which Crown Prince 
Hirohiio's attitudes differed from 
those in Tokyo that, when he 
returned. Prince Saionji, one of his 
more liberal advisers, said the 
Prince had come home from 
Europe "filled with dangerous 
delusions and liberalism**. 

For a while the Prince attempt- 
ed to live the life of the Prince of 
Wales. He gathered fellow pupils 
from the Peers' School, put on the 
latest gramophone records from 
London and Paris and set about 
having a good time. Prince Saionji 

travelled specially from his coun- 
try retreat to rebuke the Prince for 
such unbecoming behaviour and 
be never tried it again. He did, 
however, have a nine-hole golf 
course built in the grounds of the 
palace, setting off the multi- 
million dollar golf craze in mod- 
ern Japan. 

There is none of the 
affection enjoyed 
by the British Queen 

The Prince told his advisers 
when he returned that it was time 
for the old superstitions and 
myths created by the Meiji consti- 
tution to be set aside, allowing a 
closer relationship between people 
and Emperor to develop, along 
British lines. 

Three weeks before the Prince 
of Wales paid his return visit to 
Japan in March 1922, a member 
of the ultra-nationalist Black 
Dragon Society blew himself up in 
protest at attempts to sully the 
purify of the royal family by 
having them mix with foreigners. 

But the popularity of the young 

prince was by now clear, much to 
the dismay of the nnUtarists. And 
it was confirmed when he toured 
areas ravaged by the Tokyo earth- 
quake of 1923. 

Japan then entered the most 
dangerous phase of the s plit wh ich 
still bedevils the role of Emperor 
today. It concerns not merely the 
man but the office in relation to 
the constitution. The pre-war 
military took the view ihat tbe 
Emperor, a god. inviolate, was 
above the constitution and they 
used the awe in which tire man' 
and the office were hdd for their 
own purposes. 

Though we will never have the 
Emperor's own words to exjtiain 
how he saw his role at the time, 
there is much crrcumstantial evi- 
dence to support the belief that he 
saw it as purely subservient to the 
views of his government Sur- 
rounded by advisers who were 
cautious to a fault, he clearly did 
not exercise power at moments 
when he might have done. 

Only in 1936, when he ordered 
an army revolt ptttdo wnj and in 
1945, when he overrode a .split 
cabinet to put an end to t he war, 
did he step outside what he saw as 
his constitutional powers. 

The question of the Emperor’s 
role during the Second World War 
is no longer an issue, in terms of 

the man himself, except for the left 
ffl the 

in Japim. Not even the Ccramra- 
nists want to see the imperial 
throne abolished. 

The old debate over the 
Emperor's role is very much afive 
as the sfioxa (enlightened peace) 
era draws to a dose. The Ameri- 
can-imposed constitution, abol- 
ishing the ; sovereignty of tfre 
imperial institution, stated that 
the Emperor is “the symbol ottfre 
state and the unity of the people; 
deriving his petition from the wifi 
of the people with wfcom resides 
sovereign power"; That is n for- 
mulation whkh tits uneasily with 
many ^C yger^^ve^^ [The 

ter, Mr Yasuiaro Nakasone, 
believe the American influence 
should be removed from &e 
constimtioaSonie fear that would 
mean strengthening the role of the 
Emperor, leaving the way open for 
future manipulation of the throne. 

From the days when no citizen 
might look on die E mperor , the 
atmosphere is oertamfy more re- 
laxed, but the royal fermfyhas not 

-been popularized in the.manner of 
European ' royalty-^ — 

• : The Emperor appearslarcfy in 

public, usually ax new year when 
fee greetshispeopfeat a distance of 
at least 50 yds behind bulki-proof 
gjass. had on Jus birthday. Crown 
Prince' AJahfto . had .Princess 
\iiduko me more frequently seen, 
but xbetr conucts with the press 

anodyne as tb ok? of the 
Carefully con- 
the imperial 
household' Agency press .club. 
wSwse fRembers'. consist of 
joanoHsta who oover only the 
royti homehokt There is none of 
the great enthusiasm and affection 


Bnt tbe Japanese - public seem 
brjftfy coatwtt with the imperial 
system: hi a- cBceat. newspaper 
survey 35-2 per cent of respon- 
dents mid they had '‘friendly 
feelings" towards the Emperor. 

. 22.4 per cent paid respect to him: 
while 2. 5 per cent were against the 
Emperwand3££pffceRtbadno t 
interest at aH- 

' Many people dearly think it is 
time for fce Emperor retake a rest 
from! the daBy-rootine of official 

duties 39.7 per cent of respon- 
dents left theCrown ] 

Prrnce should 
take owIib duties'and 37.2 per 
cent felt tfaK,-%opgfi‘ there is no 
pitiyffldtt Rtf' ifodfeanbifin Japan, 
some meahs~ah6utctbe found for 
tire Crown fiance id take over. 

Sultans of intercontinental swing 

Members of the rock group Dire Straits 

are taking a break after completing a 23- 

country, 12-month tour which set new 

records in sheer exhaustion 

A roving principality 
that doubles as a rock 
group called Dire 
Sunils went into vol- 
untary dissolution in Australia 
at the weekend For the first 
time in 12 months the show 
would not go on. leaving the 
seven musicians of the British 
group and their 50-strong en- 
tourage to scratch their beads 
and try to remember where 
home is. 

This has been rock's most 
relentless mega-tour 23 coun- 
tries. 1 17 cities and 233 shows 
(or 235. inducting their cameo 
appearance in the Live Aid 
concert and give or take a date 
in Ottawa. Canada - no one 
can remember whether they 
were there one night or two). 

The Dire Straits economy 
shows a balance of payments 
surplus of which a small coun- 
try would be proud and a char- 
ismatic head of state in Mark 
Knopfler, who renounced jour- 
nalism to assume a sweatband 
crown and superstardom. 

His following is immense. 
More than 22S million people — 
including the Prince and Prin- 
cess of Wales — have paid court 
in person since the tour began 
in Split, Yugoslavia. Via Tel 
Aviv, Shepton Mallet, Madison 
Square Garden and almost all 
points north and south, they 
arrived in Australia for the test 
leg three months ago and have 
since covered 22,000 miles in 
Australia to entertain 810,000 

The band has played across 
three continents accompanied 
by up to II bucks full of crew 
and equipment including 52 
tonnes of light, sound and stage 
set and many more suitcases 
than the recent, royal tour 

Understandably, they have 
been feeling the strain. “I have 
never been so physically and 
mentally exhausted", said Jack 
Sonni, an American guitarist 
who is a comparative newcom- 
er to the band. 

“We've loved it It's been an 

Shotting op shop: Dire Straits lead singer Mark Knopfler 

incredible experience. But it’s 
like being trapped in an 
elevator. " 

Careful pacing has been a 
vital factor in the marathon, 
aided by the feet that the band 
is elderly in rock 'n* roll terms. 
Dissipation has been kept with- 
in bounds. Even so, an exclu- 
sive hold room is just a 
luxuriously padded cell after a 
while on the road. 

None of the band’s members 

has suffered the rigours of 
relentless performance more 
than Knopfler, the band's ted 
singer, ted guitarist and song- 
writer. “The shop is shut" he 
said last week, and maintained 
radio, telephone and every 
other kind of media silence. 

“Everyone felt the strain a 
little bit”, Sonni said, “but I 
think Mark suffers. It’s the 
price you pay for leading one of 
the biggest bands in the world.” 

Whatever the strains, the 
tour has set records. Its sheet- 
scale is unprecedented “It’s 
beyond a job, it’s a way of life", 
said a member of the group 
before the Iasi concert, at 
Sydney's Entertainment Cen- 

Permanent motion has had 
some peculiar repercussions, 
and the side-effects of exhaus- 
tion and repetition have occa- 
sionally made unscheduled 
guest appearances on stage. 
Brilliantly successfol as the sell- 
out tour has been, performing 
the same two-hour show multi- 
plied by 233 equals the odd 
less-tfaan-scmtiUating experi- 
ence. “Honestly, it was hard to 
keep it up every night”, Sonni 
admitted “But Mark would 
come over on stage and nudge 
me if I was too static. We get 
energy from one another.” 

Hyperactivity has been the 
group’s social disease. At least 
two English Literature gradu- 
ates in the band have been 
unable to finish a book aB year. 
The tour manager, Paul Cum- 
mins, claims he will have to 
catch a few planes to nowhere 
in particularjustto winddown. 



Japanese Works of Art 

Sale Monday 9 and 
Tuesday 10 June 1986 

Christie's next sale of Japanese 
Works of Art will be held on 
18 and 19November 1986. 
Closing date for entries is 15 September 

For further information please contact 
Peter Bufton, William Tilley 
or Mark Hinton at the address below. 

Rare Momoya ma period N amban Christian portable 
shrine, late 16th centiay, 67;5 cm. high. 

8 King Street, St. James's, London swiy 6Qt Tel: (01) 839 9060. Telex: 916429 

I n the courseoftbeir travels 
Dire Straits have made 
millions of dollars and 
nonsense of their name. 
Estimates of the Australian 
profit alone range as high as 
£6. 1 million, in which case the 
Hawke government is £2.8 
million richer. 

Gross takings for three 
months in the Antipodes are 
thought to be about £1 1 mil- 
lion, offset by the promoters’ 
somewhere around £30,000. 
The tour was 
enough to to feel the 

The contrast with 1978 was 
profound In those distantdays, 
a four-man Dire Straits concert 
almost put a Sydney promoter 
into bankruptcy. Nowtheband 
has expanded into a virtual 
orchestra, with only one foun- 
der member. John Wsley, 
alongside Knopfler. 

Asked what changes the 
future may hold, Sonni re- 
sponded “It doesn’t really 
matter. As long as there's a 
sweatband up front, it will be 
Dire Straits.” 

After 16 months in each 
caber’s the end of the tour is 
almost as traumatic as divorce. 
The group’s manager. Ed 
BickndL a former booking 
agent who saw their potential 
when they had trouble getting 
work in backstreet pubs, be- 
lieves Dire Straits could tour 
the world fix five years without 
encountering an unsold ticket 
The thought is staggering, but it 
would be a brave man at this 
point who stands up and shouts 


Duchess of Windsor will be buried this afternoon 

On the Saturday evening be- 
fore her husband’s funeral — . 
on what would have been her 
35th wedding anniversary — 
tiie Duchess of Windsor went 
privately to the magnificent 
lying-in-state the empty 


nave of St Gearge r s Chanel, 
‘ visits 

Windsor, die first of two 
after hear husband’s death. 

Accompanied fry the Prince 
of WakSi she spent some 
mfamt^f in the ssnuner still- 
ness and then looked at the 
wreaths spread oaf in the 
dean’s ckrister- Royally and 
governments tend to send rath- 
er magnificent flowers often 
bedecked with ribbons resem- 
bling a mayoral sash. 

Tits . Duke’s funeral ■ was • 
private bat there were official 
guests — most of the- Royal 
Family, the . Prime Minister, 
friends ted, staff Cron Furls. 
The elderly Lord Brownlow,, 
wfao accompanied the Duchess 
oa her dramatic flight through 
France in 1936, caste down 
especially from Belton.- lady • 
Alexandra Metcalfe was then, 
as now, the oily survivor of the ’ 
private wedding at Cwdtin 

The Qbeeaandthe royal 
ladies, including the* Duchess, •' 
entered the &apel via the 
Galilee porch and walked into ’ 
the -qnire- fry the : shortest 
pOssHte route. The Dtdte’s 

TheEhrcbess’i coffin, onhs way 
. j to Windsor . . 

Friends from the 
forgotten days, 
of society iife 

coffin was taken to processmi 
the foZX length of -the. chapel - 
followed by the royal men, Jed 

Prince of Wales arid-the 
of Norway.- The .Dbchess 
Windsor was already the vic- 
tim of tiie arteriosclerosis that 
dogged her later years. The 
Qoeen helpedber find her 
place in the service sheet. . . 

Today’s funeral vrifl be am? 
siderabfy more private, with: 
members of the Royal Family, 

chapel by the north quire aisle 
to the wngjng of _ M I am -the 
resuroction and the Hfe. .. . ” 
The service itself will be 
conducted . % the Right Rev 
Michael Mann, 'Dean of 
Windsor, who has on occasion 
over the years offered prayers 
for the Duchess's health at 
services iu the chapeL 
Royal fimcmls traditionally 
toke place : m St George’s 
ChapeL l>e Duke of Windsor 
his., last ever visit to 
Britain in August 1968 to 
attend tfaefimeral'of Us sister- 
in-law Princess Marina. He 
was able to Wear the wm» tan 

coat as he wore at his wedding 
in 1937. 

■ There, have been grander 
fonertfa such as tile military 
funeral of die late Dirice of 
Gloucester. As his coffin, was 
carried to the Great West 
Door, a (one piper walked 
. down a' side aisle playing a 

haunting bnwnf, . 

. • Similarly. Prince William of 
Gloucester, Sir Alexander and 
Lady Patricia Ramsay, Prin- 
cess Alice Countess of A thlooe 
and the Marquis of Cambridge 
have been afforded private 
funerals before committal at 
the royal burial ground at 

Shortly before Princess 
Marina’s funeral, the coffin of 
the late Duke of Kent; killed in 
a flying accident, was mkeo 
from the royal vault and 
conveyed to- Frogmore. In the 
loitering year, 1969, the vault 
was again opened and King 
■George- was laid to rest in a 
spsdaliy built little chapel in 
tte north wall of St Georoe's 

The Duchess of Windsor 
was pre sent at the Duke’s 
committal at Frogmore, which 
-took place after lunch oa the 
day of the ftmeraL Then, 
pnwtefy, a year later she flew 
to Windsor to see die Brave. 

The stone which will lie os her 

grave is cut from the same 
naiMe as that of the Duke's 
rate inscription was carved 

til the same mason. In due 
coarse her date of death will be 
added and the royal pair will 
he side by side for eternity, 
near two of the Duke's broth- 
“ .*h« shadow of 

?■ : 

* .Pr- 

of society life, the 'Duke, of 
Windsor's godchildren and 
their wives- and other invited 

The Duchess’s tiffin, will 
rest before the high altar 
between the mighty Mack and 
gold candtestreks bequeathed 
to the cbapel hy the iate Eari 
Stanhope, senior knight of the 
garter h 1967. The Royal 
Family wiU at m the middle 
stall on tte dean's, side of the 
chapeL fiyW tbe'toffin. 

StGwrgS Cb^wffl do 
its best for the Ducfress witb 
Its fine choir singing the 
funeral sentences natter the 
direction of the organist and 
master c i the .'choristers, 
Christopher Robinson; Tradi- 

Hugo Vickers 





1 Unique (33) • 

S Stance (4) 

8 Incompetem(S) 

9 Young tree (7) 

tl Ramie (8) . 

13 Computer info (4) 
15 Eminent (13) 

17 Egyptian river (4) 
:iri4fcpb(e($). .. 
2f Hone neck-sa*<3 ( 4) 
32 Pretend (5) 

23 Hah (4J 
24 ’Wall up (fi)- 

^ "w Vi 

a "!"S"S 

■'+} - vv 


"• £■ 


2 SMiag’s daughter (5) | 

3 Choose ( 3 ) ' 

A Angler's kh (7,6) 

5 Boatswain's call («*) | , j 

..?SS55r w . 

■JB Seat Mode 00) J? ®ntad(4). 

16 Pfojeciiori (?) 


ACROSS: 1 Debts 4 lWn«, ir- 

to Far down (4)* 
22. Trained up O) 

DOWN: r 
Robbing. V 




*5-*S j 

i K 




FASHION by Suzy Menkes 

in South Pacific style 

The once simple 
wrap-around skirt 

is now 


a new and 


designer image 

I t is a long way from the 
shores of a South Sea 
Ktod to -the hips of 
“shionabte .society; but 
• - that 4S the journey that 
the sarong has made since it 
firet appeared ay a primitive 
native' covering. ■ 

The sarong skirt is the 
newest shape to emerge below 
the waist in a season whore 
trousers have overwhelmed 
high fashion's short tight 
Bui it is the intEfnatioii- 
al designers themselves who 
have come up with the wrap 
skm -and made h with a 
pflnache — and at a price — 
that would stun the South 

In its original form the 
sarong was nothing more than 
a straight length of fabric 
japping the body and tucked 
or tied at the waist In 
different forms, h is worn as a 
skill, looped between the legs 
like a giant nappy, or tied in a 
loose baiter across the breasts. 
It was worn by both men and 
women throughout the Malay 
archipdago, but its extended 
family of dress includes the 
smaller Bast African kanga 
with its framed central image 
and the Indian dhoti doth. 

The beauty of the original 
sarongs, especially those from 
Indonesia, is in the strong but. 
subtle prints, made in rich 
patterns and fabrics with 
hand-block printing or batik. 
Border patterns, more tradi- 
tional paisley motifs or bolder 
OanguuHStyle flowers give an 
extra dimension to the flat 

t cotton shirt £225, brocade 
t made from patterned strips of cotton and rayon, £135, 
Seaweed green batik print sarong skirt, £19% all from 
Yamamoto. 6 Sioane street SW1. 

Centre: Oyster coloured silk wrap-over body suit, £340. 

Kmtted rayon sarong skirt, £265, brushed stiver beads, £285. 
;£l80. Donna Karan, at B 


, at Browns, South Motion Sheet 


he designer sarongs 
are cut into a shape, 
so that they are 
curved at the back or 
made as a more reg- 

ular skirt with a drape of fabric 
mt The 

land 13 Floral Street WC2. Black disc earrings 
jm a selection by Pure Fabrication at Hyper-Hyper, 
Kensington High Street 

across the- front The folds 
then fell in a controlled way 
and preserve tire modesty :ef 
the western wearer who might 
otherwise find her improvised 
tie skirt fafling apart 

The first designers to make 
something of the sarong were 
Giorgio Armani, who 
wrapped his skins like a bath 
towel, Ralph Lauren, whahas 
made the sarong in printed 
cottons as well as denim, and 
Gianni Versace, who made 
wrap skins in suede- and 
velvet Rifat Ozbek and Ro- 
meo Gigli have also made the 
skirts in heavier weight wools 
and jerseys to take them even 
further away from the sun- 
kissed shores of a paradise 

The American Donna Kar- 
an is the designer who has put 
the sarong skirt on the fashion 
map. She took a length of 
jersey — wool or suk — 
wrapped it and knotted it in a 
way that made sophisticated 
New York style out of what 
was essentially a peasant gar- 
ment Stretchy jersey in wool 
or shiny viscose have made 
her look, although h now 
comes in slithers of satin and 
silk for evening. 

Donna Karan also solved 
the problem of what to wear 
with the wrap skirts apart 
from bare breasts and a lei of 
flowers. She took a body suit, 
made from the stretchy jersey, 
and fastened it between the 
legs like cami knickers. This 
gives a sleek silhouette, wheth- 

Bolow. right Red cotton sateen jacket, £180. Green wrap- 
over sarong skirt, £72. Red cotton (eafrprirrt vest, £34 aft by 
Benedetto trom-Ubertys, RegentrStreet, W1, Joannas Tent, 
- Fulham Road, SW6, Vfctoria james; 3 Balgoros Square, . 
.... . GkWea Pari*. Essex. Chai, Edinburgh. 

er the skirtis knotted tightly or 
siting low down on the hipsi It 
also has . foe advantage of 
leaving you perfectly dressed . 
should your skirt slip unex- 
pectedly to the floor while 
lunching at Hany*s Bar. 

- Jean-Paul Gaultier has a 
different way of covering the 

traditionally naked top half 
‘ 1 halved 

As the ever-useful 
coconut shells are difficult to 
find in western capitals, 
Gaultier makes them instead 
in fabric as a sturdy bra to 
wear under a loose shirt 

but following foe sflm lines 
currently in fashion. 

For the moment foe sarong 
shapes are at top price levels, 
although foe sophisticated 
styles will bein the high streets 
by next season. 

Manufacturers - are -also 
starting to turn out cheap and 
cheerful sarongs for holiday 
wearthat will fend back on tire 
beaches that spawned them. 


Iso on the wild ride 
are the sarongs in 
printed cottons tak- 
en raw from the 
native (oak. The 

Japanese designers Yohji Ya- 
>- Miyake, 

mamoto and Issey 
who understand the two-di- 
mensional oriental: fashion 
based on fabric rather than 
shape, make wrap skirt outfits 
with a kimono-sleeved jacket 
worn on top. . 

But the wrap skirt makes its 
best contribution . to spring 
and summer fashion when it is 
worn with a tailored jacket 
The soft and sharp effect has 
always been popular with 
British women, who will find 
the folds of the sarong as 
flattering as a gathered skirt 

• A more controversial fea- 
ture of dative dress is con- 
tained in the sum 
exhibition of Paisley fabrics at 
the Cbmmonweaftfc Institute. 
The familiar teardrop shape, 
long held to be a fertility 
symbol, represents sperm ac- 
cording to Paul Taylor and 
Ron Simpson, whose collec- 
tion of rich fabrics and dott- 
ing fills the Art Gallery. 

The Blossoming of the Male 
Flower is their imerpretation 
of the Paisley boteh, which 
was primed and woven into 
cloth in the Scottish town that 
gave P&idey its name. The 
exhibition proves how well 
the patterned cloths were 
adapted to western dress, in- 
cluding elaborate waistcoats. 

The Paisley Boteh is at the 
Commonwealth Institute, 
Kensington High Street, Lon- 
don W8 until May 25. 

Right as ° 

Nine Peiryscopie views 
offhe Telegraph man 

Mercedes Kellogg and Co 
go snap, crackle, frock 

Ball gowns 
to be ravished in 

Her first short story 





April showers demand a fresh 
look at macs. The raincoat has 
replaced the spring coat as a 
lightweight cover-up for the 
so-called warm season. The 
newest raincoats peel off like 
an mrioa skin for foe son. 

The feather-light fabrics 
look as fine as parachute silk 
— and the most expensive are 
made from treated silk that 
gives them an elegance and 
sheen. Nylon is a more afford- 
able, material, or perhaps fine 
proofed cotton. 

Taking a shine to rainwear 
means fancy finishes such as 
peariized and glossy effects 
that recall the PVC creations 
of the 060s. Colours are 
mostly pale, with a lot of 
white, bright hazard yellow 
and even some interesting 
fioralprints-Tbe short swingy 
cofld, cut wide and knee-length, 
looks new and can be worn as a 
rain jacket over trousers, the 
trench coat is a perennial 

Mol ton Street, W1 and 

2 Cream three-quarter 
length raincoat in 100 per cent 
treated sffle, £200 by 
MaxMara from Harrods, 

Scruples, Beauchamp Place, 
SW3; Alida Kite in 
Sheffield, Nottingham and 

3 Shiny, pearSsed raincoat 
In cotton and polyurethane. 

£95 by Stmymode from 
Fenwicks, New 

Bond Street 


4 Bold floral patterned coat 
In ralnproofed cotton. £188 by 
Sportmax from Harrods. 
Knightsbridge, SW1. Libertys, 
Regent Street W1 and 
Ginger, Marylehone High 

lustrations by 
Joyce Macdonald 



i that 
re vent 
lot to 
lies in 

of ail 

v, the 
tax, if 
t UK 
ge op- 

ig foe 
to foe 


Sr Roy Strong, the Director of the Victoria & Albert Museui 
recently described Katie Fassett as“thegeniusofthe knitting needl 
and his new book 'Glorious Knitting' is the most exciting hook of i 
kind to be published for years. 1 n this lovely design he mixes spri- 

pastels, heathery tweeds, turquoise and amethyst to ere ate a jew. 
of a jacket. 

The kit, to fit sizes 32 40 "comes com piece with all the woo 
pattern and buttons, and at S2N.75 including postage and packi 
representsexcellent value. Theyam is 100% pure new wool in ihi 
tour-ply and thin Donegal tweed. The pattern, in simple stock i 
st itch, is suitable for an average knitter The classic shape and suh 
blend of colours make it a very easy and fl arte ring jacket to we 
When ordering use FREEPOST - No stamp needed. 


EhrtnaiOl 2CVitsiisu!cU«nLniidrin.'VMAA. i’anner?,. JJiy REhrrrum. m 
llosu-uUnu- > days fnrik'livery Mono' hack ii'ku return^ Juriii^iJ v.iihm 14 ja 


I lleascsondme — knitting kiisai S2h.75eavh. 

| I cndosudiuiuu TC> nuuk-om luKhrman fur 
j Name — ... 

— (Total 




| TM K j 







The eminent Professor of Morbid 
Anatomy at the University of 
London thought it would be great 
sport to send a birthday 
gorillagram to the secretary of the 
Royal College of Pathologists. The 
gorilla was duly dispatched by 
Professor Colin Berry to the 
much-revered Royal College in 
Carlton House Terrace . . . only 
the gorilla didn't quite find the 
secretary. Instead he burst into the 
library and disturbed a frightfully 
important meeting of the govern- 
ing body. Unabashed, the gorilla 
trilled his birthday song and 
signed., off, “from Professor 
Berry". The college stuffed-shirts 
were horrified. Yesterday Profes- 
sor Berry said rather sheepishly: “I 
think it caused more distress than 
benefit. The secretary is a great 
servant of the college and it was 
just meant as a friendly gesture.” 

• We have, it seems, an Agri- 
culture Ministry that can’t tell an 
animal from a tree. The hand-otrt 
accompanying John Gummer’s 
statement mi the EEC farm price 
settlement persists in giving the 
name of a female sheep as “yew”. 

On ice 

A murder hunt in London is being 
hampered because workers at 
Southwark Mortuary refuse to 
allow the victim's body to be 
examined for fear of their 
coniracting Aids. There is no 
evidence that 27-year-old An- 
thony Connolly — who died in 
Brixion more than three weeks 
agp — had Aids, but it is under- 
stood he was in contact with a 
carrier. Police say the Connolly 
family is traumatized: “All they 
want to do is bury their son." 
Yesterday Detective Inspector Pe- 
ter Elcock told me the workers are 
obeying a directive from South- 
wark Borough Council “The man 
may have died from natural 
causes”, he said. “Until we get a 
post mortem, we will carry on 
treating this as a murder inquiry. 
If we charge someone with the 
murder and we cannot get a post 
mortem, how can we argue certain 
points in law?” Southwark refuses 
to speak to The Times. 

El Jonesville 

Following the example of Nigeria 
and Brazil, Argentina is planning 
to move its capital to the middle of 
nowhere. I can reveal that Presi- 
dent Alfonsin wants to move his 
governments the heart of the 
Patagonian wastelands in the Rio 
Negro valley. In a desperate 
Keynesian bid to expand the 
economy. Alfonsin is also deter- 
mined to cultivate more land in 
this region, where there are 5,000 
people of Welsh descent, includihg 
innumerable Joneses, whose fore- 
bears left the valleys in Victorian 
times. The £3 billion project, 
which should be completed by 
1989, has met with some domestic 
disapproval according to influen- 
tial sources. “He must be stark 
staring bonkers,” I am told. 



■y:'K feS, 

•I've just signed him up for Rambo 
Goes Picking Flowers ' 


■oar Lord Whitelaw. Doing his bit 
3T the Tory" party's West Derby- 
hire by-election campaign, he 
Topped into the village of 
'oulgreave. After buying a haggis, 
e dropped in on the third 
■irthday party celebrations of a 
tub for housebound pensioners. 
~hey were not in the least im- 
■ressed by his impromptu visit, 
nd two nurses politely told him 
a Reading the situation with the 
act of a true statesman, the 
eputy PM departed into the 
•ouriog rain. 

War and pieces 

'esterdav's publication of Nikolai 
’olstoy's’ book. The Minister and 
he Massacres, which claims that 
iarold Macmillan played a big 
art in the handing over after the 
iar of 400,000 Cossacks and 
Vhjie Russians to the Soviet 
in ion. is not -quite the event its 
ublishers hoped- At the request 
f The Observer, which planned a 
iajor feature on Sunday, review 
opies were held back until the 
eekend. Then at the last moment 
ie feagurc was withdrawn on 
«al advice. Similar legal fears 
ssterday persuaded both Radio 
’s Today and the London 
roadcasung Company not to 
roadcast interviews with Tolstoy. 
BC Ps Breakfast Time cancelled 
planned interview. Lasi night, 
olstoy professed himself puz- 
ei "No one has ever threatened 
» sue me for anything 1 have 
rinen." Donald Trelford, editor 
f The Observer, told me its 
ature bad been held out because, 
i addition to legal worries, the 
jthor was uneasy about Tolstoy's 

“ PHS 

When prices fall, so can banks 

Price stability is universally rec- 
ognized to be a desirable eco- 
nomic objective. But no one 
should believe that falling prices 
are a good thing. 

Startling though it may seem 
after a generation of continuous 
inflation, major industrial nations 
wifl this y ear record declines in 
their main price indices. At the 
annual economic summit, due to 
start in Tokyo on Sunday, a new 
item on the agenda should be how 
to stop the price falls being 
repeated in fiiture. 

The change in international 
price trends can be observed in 
two ways. The first is to watch the 
behaviour of producer or whole- 
sale price indices, which can be - 
roughly equated with the price of 
goods at factory gates; the second 
is to follow consumer or retail 
price indices, broadly equivalent 
to shop prices but also including 
such items as fuel bills, local taxes 
and rents. In general producer 
prices are more volatile and reflect 
market conditions more swiftly 
than consumer prices. 

As so often, Japan is the world 
leader in the new pattern.. In 
February its wholesale price index 
was 6.3 per cent lower than a year 
earlier, by far the largest fall since 
the 1950s. Consumer prices have 
not yet declined, but the increase 
over the past 12 months is down 
to only 1 per cent In West 
Germany the slide in wholesale 
prices has been less dramatic, but 
the news on consumer prices is. 
more striking. Their index was 
just 0.1 per cent higher in March 
1986 than in March 1985. 

Tim Congdon suggests a disturbing topic 
for next week’s Tokyo economic summit 

In the United States the pro- 
ducer price index has fallen 
heavily in each' of the last three 
months, bringing the change in the 
year to March to minus 1.3 per 
cent. However, ■ the consumer 
price index still registers an in- 
crease of over 2 per cenL Outside 
the three big economies there have 
been few actuaL declines in price 
indices, but typically inflation 
rates are lower than at any time 
since the late 1960s. 

Recent developments are re- 
markable enough, but they could 
be overshadowed in coming 
months by even greater disinfla- 
tion. The lull impact of the 
collapse in oil prices has still to be 
felL The drop in the oil price since 
December, which amounts to over 
50 per cent in dollar terms, is even 
greater - more than 70 per cent - 
in terms of deutschmark or yen 
because of their appreciation 
against the dollar. 

Moreover, a recent slump in 
non-oil commodity prices de- 
servesat least as much attention as 
oil. The index of commodity 
futures prices compiled by the 
American-based Commodity Re- 
search Bureau, one of the most 
widely-quoted and comprehen- 
sive available, fell from 229.1 
(1967 = 100) on January 2 to 203 
on April 17 -or by over 10 per 
cent- Again, because of currency 
movements the implied drop in 

commodity prices For West Ger- 
many and Japan is far pester. 

* The latest tumble in commodity 
prices will percolate, through fac- 
tories, wholesalers and distrib- 
utors, into the shops this summer 
and autumn. It is realistic to 
envisage producer-price indices in 
the three largest industrial coun- 
tries reporting 12-month declines 
of 5 per cent or more and 
consumer price indices falls of 2 to 
3 per cent. Such numbers would 
be unprecedented since the world 
depression of the 1930s. 

The obvious questions to ask 
against this background are, 
“Have governments m the leading 
nations taken their campaign 
against inflation too far?” and, “Is 
there a serious danger of a 
cumulative deflationary spiral in 
the fate 1980s?” These questions 
need to be asked and taken 
seriously in Tokyo. 

The usual answer is a com- 
placent one. According to prevail- 
ing wisdom, too much knowledge, 
experience and understanding 
have accumulated over the past 50 
years for falls in the price level to 
persist for any length of time. As 
monetary growth remains positive 
in all countries, and as the. price 
level is ultimately determined by 
monetary forces, the declining 
prices of 1986 are an aberration. 
The medium-term prospat is a 
continuation of mild inflation. 

This view is probably correct It 

is nevertheless necessary, if only 
to help comparison with the past, 
to consider what might precipitate 

In thtfus'of the,I9^tire^^ 

mechanism of destruction was a 
fail in prices which reined over- 
borrowed companies, leaving 
banks with. excessive loan losses 
and forcing them out of business. •' 
The flow of new bank credit seized 
up, the money supply contracted 
and a- further round of price falls 
ensued.- • '. . • . 

Nothing as dramatic has hap- 
pened in the mid-1980s — so far,.; 
at any rate. Ail foe- same, the 
reverses suffered by commodity 
producers in. tbe first quarter of 
this year are worrying. They have 
led, just as similar developments 
did more than 50 years ago, to ah 
sing number ofbank failures 

in the 

and elsewhere. 

As long as the monetary 
authorities in the major countries 
are able to prevent strains in the 
financial system interrupting tire 
smooth growth of credit and. 
money, there is nothing to fear. 
One theme of the Tokyo summit 
is certain to be the need far lower 
interest rates to promote stronger 
economic activity -ui the second 
half of L986 and. 1987. Significant 
actual and prospective fails in the' 
major countries' price indices 
argue that moves towards cheaper 
money should err on the side of- 
being large and rash, rather than' 
small and cautious. 

The author is economics partner at 
stockbrokers L Messel & Co. 

Robert Fisk reports on Libyan action against Palestinian terrorist cells 


The Palestinians in Libya's capital 
discovered that things were not 
quite the same any more when a 
squad of plain-clothed security 
police turned up at their dingy 
offices three days after the Ameri- 
can air raid. The policemen, all 
armed- with pistols and sub- 
machineguas, calmly walked into 
the convened apartment and in 
from of the astonished Palestinian 
leadership in Libya — all of whom 
vow undying friendship whh 
Colonel Gadaffi - tore out all the 
telephone lines. 

A week later, the denizens of 
these grubby offices, with their 
crude, spray-painted nameplates 
and faded martyrs' photographs, 
were invited to meet Brigadier 
Abu Bakr Younts Jabr, the com- 
mander-in-chief of the Libyan 
armed forces. They received a 
lecture not only on the necessity of 
closer ties, with .the Soviet Union, 
but also on strict new economic 
measures which Libya plans to 
take in the near future. 

Normally, the Palestinian 
groups in Tripoli — the Popular 
Front for the liberation of Pal- 
estine. its splinter group, the PFLP 
General Command of Ahmed 
Jibril, the Democratic Front, 
Saiqa. and the Palestinian Salva- 
tion Front -deal with AbduL 
Safam Jalloud. Gadaffi's deputy, 
but their status has undergone a 
transition. They have received 
veiled warnings that their funds 
may be cut back for economic 
reasons, and they are dearly no 
longer trusted. 

In theory, Jalloud remains the 
“co-ordinator" of the Palestinian 
movements within Tripoli But 
Colonel Gadaffi's personal control 
over the “General Arab Comm- 
and" — the 55-man umbrella 
group which comprises all the 
more extreme Palestinians, 
including Abu Nidal's brutal 
organization — is now in dispute. 

The colonel daimed earlier this 
year that he made the dedsions in 
the .Arab Command: now the 
Salvation From says this is no 
longer true. 

In their apartments above the 
Kuwait Airlines office in Tripoli, 
the Palestinians are experiencing 
the same sort of uncertainty that 
Libyans themselves feel in the 
aftermath of the American air 
raids, as the almost moribund 
revolutionary council reasserts it- 
self as a collective leadership 
under Gadaffi. 

The military officers ' in the 
council — in effect a junta that 
includes Gadaffi —have been re- 
arranging their responsibilities, 
permitting trusted men from the 
"People's Congresses" a greater 
share of power, trying to exert 
firmer control over the revolu- 
tionary cadres whose exdusive 
loyalty to Gadaffi bad helped 
Libya towards its confrontation 
with the US. 

Why Gadaffi 
must chain 
the monster 

The struggle between prag- 
matists and theorists in the leader- 
ship has been going on for at least 
four years. It is a conflict between 
administrators (even leaders of 
the People's Congresses) who 
understand the working of a 
modern state and its dependence 
on a stable economy, and those 
militia men — the praetorian 
guard of Gadaffi's revolutionary 
committees — whose allegiance 
has always been to his concept of a 
revolutionary, anti-Western soci- 

Just as the revolutionary 
committees took literally all that 
Gadaffi told them, so, too, they 
had become the driving force of afi 
social and political change in the 
Jamabariya. the epuntry’s popular 
movement. It was the committees 
which were injected into the 
regular army to ensure its loyalty 
to Gadaffi. It was the committees 
which, more than four years ago, 
started to transform Libya's dip- 
lomatic missions into the dubious 
People's Bureaux, which could 
hire mercenaries, plot the liquida- 
tion of political opponents abroad 
and indulge in the sort of skulldug- 
gery that transformed a dip- 
lomatic passport into a gangster’s 
identity card. 

As the committees were 
Gadaffi's creation, only he could 
impose discipline upon than, and 

an obedience which was often 
enforced too late or not at alL 
Typical of this were the develop- 
ments which followed the’murder 
of WPC Yvonne Fletcher outside 
the London People’s Bureau in 
1984. When the expelled Libyan 
“diplomats” arrived back in Trip- 
oli they were given a hero's 
welcome on national television 
and, next day. received a perfunc- 
tory audience with Gadaffi him- 

Much less public events, how- 
ever, occurred some three months 
later when Libyan security police, 
apparently acting on Gadaffi's 
orders, reportedly arrested at (east 
four of the former London of- 
ficials at their homes in the early 
hours and summarily executed 
them. Yvonne Fletcher’s killer is 
said to have been among them. 

It was, similarly, a revolu- 
tionary committee, attached to the 
Interior Ministry, which arrested 
the four British hostages who were 
eventually released with the help 
of Terry Waite, the Arch bishop of 
Canterbury’s envoy. What was not 
realized at the time was that 
Gadaffi encountered so much 
difficulty in persuading the 
committee to free the Britons that 
he called upon the regular army to 
force the revolutionary cadres to 
do so. 

It was a revolutionary commh- 
tee in Benghazi that kidnapped the 
Italian bishop of Tripoli on April 
10 and it was a. revolutionary 
committee that controlled foe’ 
Libyan satellite station these past 
two weeks, censoring foreign tele- 
vision film of bomb-damage' 
scenes that had already been 
passed by government authorities. 

. Thus the duality of control 
continued right through the trau- 
matic events of the past fortnight, 
only to be brought op sharply by 
the sudden demand for. self- 
criticism in the newspaper of the 
revolutionary committees (“We 
must find out who ran away and 
who stayed at their post,” it said) 
and by a broadening' of 
responsibility within the revolu- 
tionary counciL Now Dr Muftaha 
Omar, the general secretary oft he. 
People's Congresses, has become a 
principal adviser to the Libyan 
leadership, bringing a pragmatic 
mind to bear on an increasingly 
-chaotic regime. 

In Washington, any idea that 
Gadaffi's personal power has, bon 
1 redtioed ts an attractive' one. .Wis' 
not the American air attack in- 
tended to “teach - Gadaffi a 
lesson”? Certainly the darkening 
economic forecasts for Libya have 
forced 'Gadaffi's colleagues to 
apply their minds to realities 
rather than revolutionary fanta- 
sies. Food queues can damage the- 
body politic of Libya every bit- as 
much as a 500 lb bomb. - 

Yet it is significant that it was 
the European sanctions against 
Libya that appeared to affect most 
deeply the working of the regime. 
The possibility is that Libya may, 
after all not have any friends left 
around the Mediterranean, let 
alone is the rest of the world. * 

The Word in Tripoli is that 
Gadaffi has now been made to- 
realize this, and to understand the 
perils of so blithely permitting 
small ..revolutionary groups — be 
they his own followers or the- 
Palestinian organizations which 
be has for so long espoused — to 
make absolute, individual de- 
cisions. The White House could 
take some satisfaction from this, 
were it not for . the fact that 
enormous political damage has 
been sustained elsewhere in the 
Middle East as a result of die 
American raids. - - ' _ 

But the coming days and weeks 
will prove whether the mflittoy' 
rulers of Libya can maintain their 
new control: can, in the words of 
one diplomat, “sit on” Gadaffi's 
propensity for rhetoric and bom- 
bast Jalloud would be a key figure 
in such a success — he was alleg- 
edly Libya's secret emissary to 
Egypt last week — and so would 
Gadaffi's old personal friend 
Commandant Hwekli Al-Hamedi,' 
the deputy chief of staff. . 

There has been no coup d'etat in 
Libya; nor is there likely to be. But 
even the Jamahariya, so isolated' 
on the Mediterranean, can suffer a 

Digby Anderson 

Myself, I’d usually rather be me 

What song the Syrens sang is not a 
puzzling question at all old Thos 
Browne, when you think about it. 
It must have been the well-known 
hymn, "Rock of Aegeus”. That 
was a joke. I have just invented a 
type-face, like italics but leaning 
backwards, called itotuCS, to in- 
dicate that a joke is being at- 
tempted. and to ask thick readers 
with no sense of humour not to 
write in wiih questions or sugges- 

1 have a new word that is worth 
keeping your eyes and ears open 
for. It is “schemant"-. and it means 
somebody who is being instructed 
in a Youth Training Scheme. On 
Radio 4 the other day I heard a 
moving talk about the advantages 
of being a schemant. in which the 
word occurred passim. 

There is no need to turn purple 
and protest. Sir. It is a natural 
piece of official jargon that is 
shorter and simpler than saying or 
writing in foil every time, “a 
young person, male or female, 
who qualifies under the Act and is 
being instructed on a Youth 

Training Scheme”. You are al- 
lowed to complain that it sounds 
ugly and is incorrectly derived 
from its original Greek root. But 
make sure that you are not 
complainingjust because it is new; 
and remember that judgements 
about what sounds ugly are subjec- 
tive. There is an obvious linguistic 
need for such a noun. If you can 
invent a better and more eupho- 
nious one. introduce it 

And here is a grammatical as 
opposed to a lexical novelty. Have 
you noticed the remarkable vogue 
for reflexive personal pronouns: 
the ones ending in -self? We say 
and write “myself" and “yourself’ 
all the time, where a few years ago ' 
the simple subject and object 
pronouns. 1. me. and you, etc, 
were correct and all that were 
required. What are we up to? Is 
this a concession to Irish practice? 
Do we think that “me" rout court 
sounds a bit common? Are ws 
trying to be genteel? I think we 
should be told. 

Your reflexive pronouns are 
rare and sensitive beasts in the ' 
linguistic jungle. Some of them. 

such as the very rare “royal we” 
singular reflexive “ourself', 
should be used only if you are sure 
you are entitled to them. 

In the classic grammar of En- 
glish. reflexive pronouns have two 
distinct uses: the basic, and the 
emphatic. In the basic use the 
reflexive pronoun stands in for the 
object of a sentence or clause, and 
refers back reflexively to the 
subject. He saw himself in the 
mirror. In "He saw him' in the 
mirror”, the “him” necessarily 
refers to some chap other than the 
one doing the seeing. She saw 
herself in the mirror; but she could 
not. by any stretch of grammar or 
unsexist language, see himself in 
the minor. Help yourselves! is 
grammatical Help ourselves! or 
Help themselves! is disconcerting 
and ungrammatical. 

Some verts, called reflexive 
verbs, always take a reflexive 
object “She always prides herself 
on her academic background." 
“She prides her on her academic 
background" sounds like some 
Mummerset dialect in life Ar- 

The second conventional use of 
reflexive pronouns is to empha- 
size, in apposition to a noun or 
pronoun, and with heavy stress. 
Unlike the basic reflexive - pro- 
nouns, they can float around their 
clauses. 1 myself wouldn't eat that 
1 wouldn't eat that myself. Myself, 

! wouldn't eat that Do you mean 
to say that you had cocktails with 
.the Queen herself? 

When the reflexive comes first, 
referring forward ro something 
that is to come, it is usually in a lit- 
erary context “Oneself did not 
die; that like the very, quiddity of 
otherness,- was for others” (Bur- 

Today there is a vogue for using 
reflexive pronouns instead of the 
plain subject or object pronouns. I 
think this is an exaggeration of the 
emphatic use. intended to give 
artistic verisimilitude to an other- 
wise bald and unconvincing inter- 
view on the telly or column in the 
bfats. Sometimes it is not merely' 
irritating, but also ungrammatical 
and erodes the language. 

. Philip Howard . 

As the universities await die May 
announcement of reductions ] in 
state fitoding, toe medical facul- 
ties face a problem, that . needy 
illustrates ffieimpasscconfrontmg 
enterprising and responsible univ- 
ersity members. .. . . 

Their .proMera is nor that; 
portrayed in the much-publicized 
whines of their unenterprising and 
irresponsible colleagues about 
“cuts'’ and government “inter- 

ference M .-It is that the government . 

is both reducing their state fund- 
ing and. interfering -with lfceir 

entrepreneurial . attempts to Ain 
funds from other sources. * 

Universities have been hit hard ' 
by the cats because they have 
allowed themselves -to become, 
dependant on .one source of funds: 
They haveconsented toa Faustian 
pact in which they mortgaged their . 
independence and integrity fin:' 
easy political money (up to S)jper 
cent of funds). 

Now, with pressure on public 
spending, ' that -sourer is- being 1 
marginally reduced. And even 
worse, Mephistophdes is demand- 
ing his side * of . the bargain — . 
interference and centralization. In 
the process, the University Grants 
Committee has ceased- to be a 
buffer between state and univer- 
sities and become a controlling 
bureaucracy, an arm.of govern-, 

In a sense this centralization — 
not to mince words, nationaliza- 
tion — oflugher education is quite 
justified. So much. pubtic, money ' 
surely should be tightly overseen. 
And so long as the hand-outs are 
so high, the possibility of political 
interference remains high, ir- 
respective of.election results. . - 

Fortunately there are academics 
and university administrators 
who. don't want a second mort- 
gage. and are even prepared to pay 
off some of the firstto regain their 
independence. But Mephistoph- 
elesisnot that easttysent packing,: . 
as they, are finding out Following 
the suggestions of the government 
that they sell spare course capacity 
to overseas customers at economic 
fees, the medical schools have 
prepared to- market their courses, 
which are admired world-wide 
and in- high demand. They, have 
targeted certain markets, . es- 
pecially those of Hong Kong' and 
Malaysia. Has the government 
praised. them, helped them, held 
them up as a model to some of 
their' hand-out-dependent col- 
leagues? No, if has Stopped.tfaem. 

There are already restrictions on 
the. number of home students the 
schools can take. -These. -have 
resulted in spare capacity in the 
TSchools: whichL.tiiey wish* ret -frll 
- with -overseas studepfe.gnd thus 
generate significant income. But 
the government is now restricting 
overseas student intake hs wefl, to 
a mere 5 per cent of total medical 
studepts outride London and 
per cent in the capital For all the 
London medical schools, that is 30 
stndeatsa year, less than half the 

number traditionally accepted. 

The fluids:' the government is : 

! stopping the sdiools earning ^re 
substantial if London tookas few. ^ 
as 100 overseas students a. year, . . 
their fees'wbuld pay for another '. . 
100 senior 6linieai staff who wouW ; 
be avaifabfetoteach‘UK.students - 
and toiservieefoeNHS hospitals. 

' The mbdical schools’ deans ■ 
dispute -government -arguments 

- that reasonable numbers of over*-. * ■■ 
seas students would burden the-. 
NHS. Even if they did- so mini- . 
raaliy, there is nothing to stop the; 
NHS also charging them. * ■ ■ 

The -other government togu- : 
ment is thatihe overseas students 
will seek pre-registration posts 
here after their course and disrupt . . 
the planning of doctor numbers. > 
Bui it could be made, dear to the 
.students on acceptance that pro-” . 
registration posts here would, not 
be available. Advantageous and 
more relevant arrangements could - 
be made hr ’their own countries. . 

.' The medical academics, and 
administrators are not^the only.. . 
ones -who are- enterprising and - 
responsible. There are many oth- . 
ers, suqhastbe moire orlessfofly 
independent University -of Buck-- 

- inghara, highly successful (arid ' 
successfully publicized} Salford, - 
the LSE and the Open University, 
which, have sorae staff who have: 
responded — enthusiastically, rel- 
uctantly or of necessity — to the 
challenge., j , 

. But if state-dependent univer- 
sities are to diversify their funding •• 
they must be freed to do- sol The 
overseas student example though .- 
. importanrto the medical schools; 
is a* modest initiative, -Brian: 
Griffiths, until recehtiy.dean of the 
City University business school. 

. has proposed a much more radical 
move to non-government funding 
for postgraduate vocational cour- 
ses m business' studies, law and - 
engineering. But it cannot happen - 
-unless universities are allowed to 
charge competitive fees, pay . to- . ' 
cally-negotiated staff rates^ hire 
and fere and compete on comse - 
. duration. 

That- mans the state-removing 
tiie restrictions that bind them and 
breaking up., the state-endorsed * 

;-. university -cartel by dismantting, 
tenure and stopping the UGCs- 

- restrictive powers bn such matters. - 
as fees. 

- ' The medical school moral is 
that just as . freedom . entails t 
responsibiity. so neither -indrvid- 7 - 

- uals nor institutions can be ex-- . 
peeled to be responsible for . 

-themselves unless they are free to 
. manage themselves. To the extent . 
that universities take responribilty - 
* ; for their affairs, tfaeyshotdd be left 
free to run them. If this modest ' .-. 7. 
initiative is obstructed by a sup- • 
posedly .market-oriented govern- . 
ment, what chance is. there for a 
move- to less public funding arid 
more University independence? - - 

The aulhoris director of the Social 
. Affairy VniL - . 

moreover . . . .Miles Kington 


Next month’s. by-election at Brad- 
ley Vale (writes our Next Month’s r 
.. By-election Correspondent) could 
prove the .most, vital for the 
government since the last one. 
Bradley Vale is a typical -constit- - 
uency of the kind that the -Tories 
roust win if they are to stay in' 
power, that Labour must take if 
they are to wirethe next election; 
and that the SDP must' win if they' 
are to have any chance ofsurvtvaL 

$0, whichever way you look at 
it, two of our major parties are 
doomed to' vanish in- the next 
month,' which is’ good hews which- 
ever way you look at h again: 

Roughly half of Bradley Vale is 
set in a northern industrial Hrater- 
fand, derelict and depressed, with - 
unemployment at roughly. 27 per 
cent, though nobody "knows, of. 
what.- Conditions are so bad here - 
that of the 14 Mori pollsters who 
have gone into the area, only three 
have come back. The otberhaffaf . 
the constituency is rich farming, 
shooting and subsidy conntry, so 
traditional that- the Tory party is 
regarded as being suspiciously 
leftist- The two halves are sepa- 
rated by a well-to-do belt of 
planners, accountants and archi- 
tects, who spend most of the time 
converting each other’s attics into, 
granny flats. They are thought to 
be SDP to a person. 

Bradley Vale was won by . the 
Tories in 1979 from Labour, who 
won it in 1945 from the Conser- 
vatives, who first won it in 1807 at 
a game of dice from bid Lord 
Bradley Vafe The Tory majority 
is only 727, which. makes the seat 
distinctly- winnaUe. though it is 

probably true to 4 say that the 
Tories must retain it it they are 10 
win the next , . . hold, on,' I've 
done that bit. Cairy ori to the next . 
paragraph about local politics. 

LoeaJ politics are bound to. play 
a very important part in the by- 
. election battle, as Libya, Westland 
and the Suez crisis have made . 
little impact up here. The. council 
h controlled at the moment by a 
small SDP minority, whose chief 
contribution, has been to relax 
local regulations -concerning toft 
conversions. Many people fed this 
is not enough and this may well be 
reflected at;tbe polls next month. 
Or not. as the case may be; ns I 
only arrived here. last night and 
am writing .this at breakfast, it .is 
difficult to say with any accuracy. . 

All three main candidates are 
agreed-to-be very strong^ ^AII are 
local men with' deep, roots in the 


community and all toe very ; '-. 
popular,, which makes it a very 
hard constituency to write about, 
because one does like to have at 7 
least one candidate who 1? a wafly,' . 
but I suppose you. can't have, 
everything. Hie Labdur man is a . . 
local trade unionist, Rdy Fisher; ' : 
the Tory, Jason Fisher, is a Well-' 
respected fanner and toe SDP. . 
man, Dr-Simoh Fisher, is, as you 
might expect, a local doctor. All 
.the receptionists at my hotel here ; ' . 
agree that 'all three, are very dice. * 
•The head waiter has his doubts v 
abqut one of them, but be, is not 
. sure which. ■ •; 

Where-Jfafa by^efection -differs rvi. 

1 from .others is in -.the election . 

- addresses, which are unusually - 
down-to-earth. Socialist Roy 
Fisher says, for distance: “If .l am ; 

: elected; I pledge myself to get uy ■ 5 
know Neil Kinnock very well, to 
• make myself very useful to him: "• 
and. ultimately end up as an aged 
peer in the House of Lords. I am 
not a member of Militant" 

The Tory manifesto is equally - 
honest: “If elected. I pledge myself - 
to stay up in London as much as ' 
possible and ; not ; bother people ~ •- 
here in- the constituency.- 1 would 
make sure that I sat quite n dir a 
microphone in Parliament 'and i - 

- made lots of ‘Yah yah-yah’ noises 

when foe opposition was speak- .-- « 
mg — and Mrs- Thatcbo: -too, - 
come to foaL I am not a member. ' 
of Militant.” '. *" 

Social Democrat candidate Dr '■* 
Fisher candidly states: “As your 
member of. Parliament, I would:' . 
-.naturally immediately become a . 
shadow member of foe SDP-: 
government, as we doctors like to' - 
stick together. 1^ would also be able : a “ 
to put you in touch with the right ' 7 
' man- if any of you need your lofts • 
converting, attics extended, etc, at - : - 
a very reasonable ' price. I do not ■■ 
think lama member of Militant.^. 

. A vital by-etectioo,. then, and. 
one which every party must. win if. 
they are to have foe slightest ^ 
chance of retaining ady^ credibility >j 
All three candidates are confident ” 
of winning; they ha ve aljT agreed to , : 
fight anfioQQurabfecanipaign. All- - 
have promised not' to invite Tony 
Benn to speak - qt Jeffrey Archer I 
, or Cyril Smith, come to that 

It is, in fact, a by-election totally , 
devoid ofany interest' or excites. 
ment but if anyfoiiig should' / * ■ 
happen, TO let you! know. YoUr \; 

- Correspondent foe Cocktail Bar, - 
Bradley Arm£ Hotel over and out ; .tr - . 
Another double, please; Jimmy." 


4 , 




■ Street > LQndon^El^Q^^Telephone^Ol-^Sl^l^^ 



Sin-Keuh Joseph has been a 
controversial . Secretaivtf 
* State for Education and Sci- 

all? «5.° h S s stron B' Positive 
and generally sensible opin- 
ions about the nature of educa- 
tion and i.ts current needs. Yet 
in practice he has too often 
been malleable at the hands- of 
the vested intellectual interests 
which dominate educational 
thinking, and which are 
heavily entrenched in his own 

He went to the DES favour- 
ing die adoption of the 
voucher system as a method -of 
making state schools respond 
to parental opinion, by bring- 
ing them into .competition 
^with .each other and. with' the 
independent sector. But he did 
not succeed in getting his 
officials to come up with a 
y 'able scheme that credibly 
implemented the spirit of the 
idea. Political will was lacking. : 

Sir Keith has done r much to 
remedy shortcomings, in the 
curriculum and, above all, die - 
has focussed attention on the 
need for pupils to leave school 
with some objective test of 
their attainments — instead of 
with no qualifications at all. 
But thefundamen'tal'questions 
% about education t in Britain 
remain unanswered,- and since r 
Sir Keith -is generally expected 
to leave his department in a- 
reshuffle this autumn, he has 
cannot have time to initiate 
radical new start thinking on 
education. There is' now 
increasing, support ■ among se- 
nior Conservatives for the idea 
that he should go before the 
autumn. Who, then, should ii 
take his place? . V 

The choice should fell on 
someone .who approaches the 
problem unambiguously from 
the position that the. more 
schools are obliged to respond 
to parental choice, the more 
^effective they will be". On that 
basis Mrs Thatcher would be 
right , not to give the depart- 
ment to its present Minister of 
State, Mr Chris Patten, the 

candidate the department "it. 
selfwould most like. He. is an 
enthusiastic minister who 
minds about the subject, but 
nis own approach ■ seems 
insuficiently differentiated 
from the .educational ortho- 
doxies which, have .got educa- 
tion where it now is. 

At the other- end of the 
opinion scale is- Dr Rhodes 
Boyson, the candidate of a 
significant number of Conser- 
vative MPs. DrBoyson knows 
about education as a remark- 
ably successful and -popular 
headmaster of a London com- 
prehensive school who fought 
against many of the educa- 
tional fashions which .led to a 
loss of standards in the Sixties. 

However, although Mrs 
Thatcher seems, to share bis 
opinions, he was promoted not 
within the DES, but sideways 
lo Social Security and then to 
Northern Ireland.. Mrs 
Thatcher, while ' recognizing 
his opinions as diamond- 
sharp, may think him some- 
what too rough a diamond in 
style for her taste. If that is so, 
the odds are against his 
succeeding Sir Keith. 

That appears to leave such 
possibilities, ' if current 
Westminister talk means any- 
thing, as Mr Kenneth Clarke, 
the employment minister 
(whose approach would prob- 
ably not be 1 far from Mr 
Patten’s); Mr Geoffrey Pattie, 
the information technology 
minister, a highly, efficient 
politician-. who is said to .be 
keenly interested but whose 
educational opinions are little 
known; Mr ; John : Wakeham, 
the chief whip who is also said 
to want the Cabinet job and 
would no doubt seek to be 
sensitive to current opinion; 
and Mf Nicholas Ridley, the 
Transport Minister (already in 
the Cabinet) of whom Mrs 
Thatcher has a very high 
opinion, ' 

; Not least interesting is the 
idea of amalgamating educa- 
tion, training and employment 


One good reason .why- the. 
United Slates should replace 
its existing stocks of chemical 
weapons (or CW in the tepid 
acronymic jargon of defence- 
speak) is thal .these have been 
around since 1969 — when 
President Nixon halted 
production in the age of de- 
tente and Hemy Kissinger. 
Their efficacy . if not their 
Ijsafety must be now in- some 
doubt Another is that binary 
nerve gas munitions are easier 
and safer to store, and if one 
feels obliged to stock chemical 
weapons it is better that they 
should be both. 

A third advantage is that 
Nato in general and the United 
States in particular would be 
sending a clear signal to the 
Soviet Union, of their 
determination to negotiate 
from strength, or at least not 
from weakness. One of the 
difficulties about agreeing a 
satisfactory ban on chemical 
weapons is that the Soviet 
^ Union has more of them and, 
^judging from its exercise 
scenarios, places them rather 
higher in the order of military 

Another difficulty has been 
the Russian reluctance to al- 
low on-site inspection of their 
military installations. It is 
hard enough to monitor CW 
production anyway because of 

'-the refetive-ease.wxtbwtuch.-ilc 
can ■ be carried - out • The 
opportunity to make on-the- 
spot inspections — . anytime, 
anywhere — is the very least 
that should be asked for. 

In his address to the- East 
German party congress 
Mr.Gorbachov indicated that 
the Russians might be ready to 
accept this. Perhaps it was the 
expectation of a new genera- 
tion of American GW which 
pushed the Soviet leader in the 
right, direction? In that case it 
would seem wise for the 
United States to press ahead, 
to ensure that be doesn’t do a 
U-tum. The 40-nations Con- 
ference on Disarmament in 
Geneva has some way yet to . 

' go- 

. It is important lhat the- 
conference does pursue its" 
objective — and does not find : 
its progress impeded by the_. 
West Chemical weapons pro- 
voke feelings of outrage which 
to the military mind may seem 
irrational. Memories of the 
First World War and knowl- 
edge of the capacity of modem 
nerve gases for sudden mass 
extermination combine to gen- 
erate this fear. It is nonetheless 
real — and understandable. 

The use of chemical weap- 
ons was actually banned by the 
Geneva. Protocol, of 1925 and * 

despite occasional aberrations 
its. signatories have abided (for 
whatever reason) by its terms. 
It is the progress to a ban on 
the production and stockpiling 
of .such weapons which has 
proved so arduous. But the 
objective has always looked 
attainable — particularly since 
the 1 972 ban on germ weapons. 

Nato’s. approach to the 
development of binary CW 
has so far been restrained. 
Yesterday the Defence Review 
Committee of senior officials 
approved the American pro- 
gramme, but only in respect of 
munitions which are stored in 
the United States itself — m 
peacetime anyway. Defence 
ministers are exposed to en- 
dorse this derision next 

So far so good. It is a 
sensitive subject and insen- 
sitive policies could easily 
prove counter-productive. 
There are military, political 
and economic arguments why 
the programme should go 
ahead - but to present them to 
a European public will need 
time and patience. Nato has 
the capacity of Wells Fargo to 
ride into trouble — and 
emerge, with two wheels wob- 
bling, still on course. But it win 
need to proceed with particu- 
lar caution on this path. 


Mr Roy Watts of .the Thames. 
Water Authority has success- 
fully wooed ministers and 
l public. He is acclaimed as a 
businessman intent on bring- 
ing the disciplines of the 
marketplace to the purifica- 
tion and supply of water. 
Water, in the Watts view, is no 
more dr less a commodity to 
be produced and delivered by 
maximizing price and 
minimizing cosl. So far. pro- 
vided his monopoly is regu- 
lated. so good. 

But Thames Water is not in 
the business merely of 
delivering potable water and 
disposing of sewage. Uhas 
specific tasks of safeguarding 
waterwavs and environments 
for public use and enjoyment. 
It is entrusted with largely 
unseen work of detecting and 
prosecuting infringements ot 
an elaborate code of environ- 
mental protection. . . 

The .Government’s thinking 
to date has been in terms of a 
light regulatory regime, akm to. 
'that for British Telecom, to 
impose standards on the qual- 
ity of the water delivered, arm 
tocomrol. the. price chafed. 
But even before the publica- 
tion of the white paper there 

was a nagging worry that a 
small Office of Water Services 
would norbe enough. 

On the filter beds owned by 
Thames Water nest herons. 
Along its river banks sit poten- 
tial polluters, agricultural and 
. industrial The authority will 
be required to monitor the 
activites of other private sector 
enterprises, including formers, 
and where necessary initiate 
legal proceedings' against 
them. This is strange territory 
for the likes of Mr. Watt What 
incentive does he have to 
pursue dumpers of nitrates 
and shirry into the water 
course? Where is the profit in 
those heron nests ? 

Enter — yesterday — Mr 
John Patten, concerned to 
emulate his colleagues at the 
Department of the Environ- 
ment in their courting of the 
'green -vote. Ministers .are lo 
step forward with national 
policies on the quality of river 
and estuarial waters; new 
“protection zones” are lo he 
established; the green acres of 
reservoir and wetland are to be 
closely watched. But the work 
of environmental protection, 
the Government seems .to be 
saying in. its new green paper,.,. 

remains Mr Watts’ business. 
He will even be allowed to 
charge above the odds in order 
to finance it. 

Is this fair on Mr Watts? The 
Government cannot expect 
him to doff the poacher's cap 
one minute in order to don the 
keeper’s the next. There really 
is little profit for him in active 
prosecution of customers and 
. 'private sector colleagues who 
are in default of environ- 
mental provisions. 

The remedy is plain. Mr 
Watts should be allowed to do 
what he claims he does welL In 
parallel a direct agency of 
public purpose should be em- 
powered to undertake the 
work of environmental regula- 
tion. It would be charged with 
monitoring and assessing the 
activities of the water compa- 
nies. It might be an enhanced 
Office of Water Services. It 
might be funded by a levy on 
water company profits. It 
might a separate outfit, specifi- 
cally charged with the control 
of pollution and water uses 
beyond household and indus- 
trial consumption. Its effect 
would be to make Mr Watts’ 
life a little more difficult The 
public good requires no less. 


Charities facing a taxation trap 

under Lord Young, the present 
Employment Secretary. On the 
face of it, the last would seem 
an attractive solution. If 
education is not sufficiently 
geared to training, would it not 
make sense to put it under the 
hand of a Minister whose 
special experience has been in 
training for skills and jobs? 

But the snags outweigh the 
advantages. There is some 
danger of creating too large a 
ministry, although hiving off 
the benefits side of the 
Employment Department to 
the Department of Social Se- 
curity might prevent this. But 
a major shake-up of ministries 
is something a prudent Prime 
Minister will no doubt wish to 
avoid this side of a general 

There is, finally, an 
objection in principle. Though 
better vocational training is a 
major British problem, plan- 
ning and directing training and 
education into centrally cho- 
. sen channels is open to the 
same objections as planning 
for production. The danger 
would be planning for the 
skills of today, whereas the real 
need is to produce a good basic 
education which assists learn- 
ing and re-learning flexibly for 
the skills of tomorrow. The 
priority should be to get the 
schools themselves right first 

Of course, the personal 
strength of the minister ap- 
pointed is important But still 
. more important are the ideas 
he brings to his task. Whoever 
it is should be a de-centraliser, 
not a centraliser. Nothing, 
including the school structure 
created by the fashions of the 
Sixties, should be ruled out 
The Prime Minister should 
have her shopping list, or 
perhaps even a tittle verbal 
examination, to discover what 
ideas the candidates so busily 
lobbying would bring to the 
job before the appointment ia 
made. Simply wishing to have 
the job is not qualification 

From Mr John Smith 
Sir, I am sure the public does not 
realise the scope or effect of the 
proposed new taxes on chanty. 

The Finance .Bill now before 
Parliament divides charities into 
classes. All grant-making charities, 
and some others, mill in future be 
“indirect** charities. If more than a 
quarter of any charity's fends 
comes from a wide range of 
sources set out in the Bill — some 
of them very common sources, 
such as rents — then the charity is a 
“private" charity.. If a charity 
turns out to be both a “private” 
and an “indirect” charity then it is 
to be taxed on its receipts (not just 
on its income and capital gains). 

Many well-known charities will 
be very surprised to find them- 
selves taxed. Moreover, because of 
the complex and interlocking 
conditions in the Bill, some 
charities will not know, in any 
particular period, whether they 
have become liable to tax until it is 
loo late for them lo do anything 
about it; and some charities will 
find themselves unwittingly made 
liable to tax by the action (also 
unwitting) of others over whom 
they have no control. 

All charities will be at risk, 
either directly or through loss of 
support from grant-making trusts. 

Polytechnic places 

From Lord Adrian, FRS is surely beyond dispute lhat 
an advanced industrial country 
like the United Kingdom needs 
young people educated at univer- 
sities and polytechnics. 

The Government, though it 
may believe that there is surplus 
provision in some subjects, has yet 
to produce sustainable arguments 
to show that in the next five yean 
the overall output of the tertiary 
education system will exceed na- 
tional needs, nor has it convinced 
either the National Advisory Body 
. or the University Grants Commit- 
tee that further significant savings 
are to be had by increases in 

Asa consequence both the NAB 
responsible for polytechnics and 
the UGC responsible for univer- 
sities have been forced by their 
constrained resources to consider, 
on the one band, reducing the 
number of places at polytechnics 
and. on the other, closure of 
universities which would not 
otherwise deserve closure. To do 
either would appear misguided for 
a country which hopes to compete 
in the industrial world of the 
.twent^first century. 

It Iras been argued that only by 
squeezing the tertiary system 
'financially will its collective mind 
be sufficiently concentrated to 
achieve what the Government 
sees as necessary changes. But we 
must recognize that a financial 
squeeze, long maintained, is just 
as likely to produce a serious 
decline in output and standards as 
it is to produce renewed educa- 
tional utility. 

The tertiary sector cannot in- 
definitely maintain its output on 
progressively reduced resources, 
let alone increase it The question 
which a skilful leadership should 
be asking is not whether, but when 
to relax the squeeze in order to 
encourage the positive changes 
which already are taking place. 

1 suggest that if any such 
relaxation is to come, and come it 

How long, O Lord? 

From Mr David Selman 

Sir, What is the optimum duration 

of an organ voluntary? 

On St George's Day, driving 
through the Chil terns, I listened to 
the choral evensong broadcast of 
Parry’s “Fantasia and Fugue in 
E”. It lasted from the Hughenden 
Valley, through High Wycombe 
and on to The Crown at Uttiewick 
Green, a distance of some twelve ■ 

Was this a record, or amply 
mismanagement on the part of 
Lichfield cathedral? 

Youre faithfully, 


49 Beech Lane. Earley, 

Reading, Berkshire. 

Ancient and modern 

From Mr B. F. Cook 

Sir, The Croydon schoolgirls who 

are reported by the Equal 

Opportunities Commission to be 

shy of computers (report, April 25) 

might be encouraged by my 


My department having recently 
acquired a computer, I find myself 
acquiring a totally new skilL When 
I get stuck with the database. I 
turn for help to my youngest 
research assistant (some 30 years 
my junior) and she puts me right. 
Yours forth felly, 

B. F. COOK. 

Keeper of Greek and Roman 

The British Museum, 

Bloomsbury, WCL 

Liberals and hunting 

From Mr David Alton. AfP for 
Mossley Hill (Liberal) 

Sir. In the light of Mr Peter 
Cftegwyn's letter (April 22) I 
should like to make it clear on 
behalf of the Parliamentary Lib- 
eral. Party that there has been no 
change in its long established 
practice that issues such as hunt- 
ing are not the subject of any party 
line or collective view. 

They are regarded as conscience 
issues and individual Liberal MPs 
have always taken differing views 
on these questions. No doubt they- 
will continue to do so. 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Commons. 

The uncertainty will injure them 
further. The public and all benefi- 
ciaries w ill suffer. 

In addition, charities which 
have arranged their affairs in good 
faith, but now foil foul of this 
legislation, cannot remedy matters 
because the effect of the tax is 

The group of five charities 
which I run employs about 300 
people, half of them in areas of 
high unemployment; and we give 
employment to many more people 
indirectly. In 25 yean we have 
carried out or supported nearly 
1 ,000 different charitable projects. 
Unless clause 39 of the Finance 
Bill is drastically amended we 
cannot meet our obligations and 
must wind up. 

I do not know at what abuse the 
Government is aiming, but h is 
quite wrong to open fire ax it like 
this indiscriminately and in so 
doing maim a lot of innocent 
bystanders. Does the Government 
really want to kill the goose which 
I (and many others) seem to have 
been all these years? 

Yours faithfully, 

JOHN SMITH (P ri nc i pal trustee). 
The Landmark Trust, 

21 Dean’s Yard, 

Westminster, SW1. 

April 26. 

must if we are to avoid a reduction 
in what the tertiary education 
sector can contribute to national 
manpower needs, it would pro- 
duce better value for money if it 
came before rather than after 
closing institutions on grounds of 
immediate economy. Such clo- 
sures can only reduce our output 
of trained young people — and 
such a reduction must be an 
indictment of the effect, if not the 
intent, of Government policies. 
Yours faithfully. 


House of Lords. 

April 25. 

From the Principal of Slough 
College of Higher Education 
Sir, Grim as your report (April 8) 
is on the axing of polytechnic 
places, there is yet worse. 

The shortfall of £23m in fund- 
ing for 1987-88 will indeed lead to 
a loss of thousands of places for 
full-time students. But it will also 
inevitably mean serious cuts in 
places for part-time students who 
are in employment 

The National Advisory Body is 
trying to provide some protection 
for part-time students, but at the 
polytechnics and at many colleges 
throughout the country employers 
and employees are going to find 
either that the course they need 
will be closed , or that the places on 
it are all fell. 

The Government is supporting 
the Manpower Services Commis- 
sion in developing an Adult 
Training Strategy. Nobody doubts 
that there is an urgent economic 
need to increase the upgrading of 
skills and the retraining of 
workforces. Our colleges and poly- 
technics are exactly placed to do 
just this and it is cockeyed to be 
stopping them. 

Yours faithfully, 

K. SWINHOE, Principal, 

Slough College of Higher Educa- 

Wellington Street, 



Still, small voice 

From the Reverend Alan Amos 
Sir, Ludovic Kennedy (feature, 
April 19) aedaims “the still small 
voice within" us but in doing so 
lobs some unnecessary shots at the 
wrong targets. 

How unfair to accuse Gerard 
Manley Hopkins of unbalanced 
pronouncements about God 
transcendent! Kennedy quotes, 
"The world is filled with the 
grandeur of God", but does not 
persevere with the poem to dis- 
cover “there . lives the dearest 
freshness deep down things". 
Hopkins, surely, was one of the 
most tender-hearted of English 

A lawyer’s worth 

From Mrs John E. H. Olivier 

Sir, As a poor headmistress trying 
to do her best in trying times. I 
wearily registered your letter from 
a lawyer (April 22) comparing his 
rate for the job with those of his 

a lawyer (Apm it.) comparing ms 
rate for the job with those of his 
plumber and (private) doctor. If 
you are running a “Derisory 
Payment of the Year Award”, may 
I enter my head of chemistry 
(good honours degree, postgradu- 
ate qualification and years of 
experience)? For Ifc hours' work 
she is paid 70p for assessing one A 
level candidate's examination 

Yes, Mr Marmorstein, res ipsa 
loquitur indeed. 

Yours sincerely, 


Lady Margaret School 
Parson's Green, SW6. 

April 23. 

Sporting chances 

From Mr Alfred Youngs 
Sir. The report (April 24) by your 
football correspondent of the re- 
cent England v Scotland match 
refers to the bitter atmosphere, 
fuelled over 1 14 years, and also a 
fluny of brief but violent activity 
between the two sets of supporters. 
Stuart Jones reports that the 
ancient rivalry was no less bruis- 
ing on the pitch. 

George Orwell wrote in 1945 
after an English our by a Russian 
football team: 

Now that the brief visit of the 
Dynamo football team has come to 

Begging to differ 
on violent crime 

From Councillor John Blackman 
Sir. One reads a report (April 24) 
of ihe Lord Chancellor's speech in 
the House of Lords concerning 
cri mes of violence with an effort to 
contain a seething mixture of 
incredulity and rage. 

It seems that if the “public is 
deeply concerned about crime" 
the Lord Chancellor is not. Com- 
forted it seems by soothing statis- 
tics. he claims that figures 
demonstrate that violent crime, 
while deplorable, was not increas- 
ing more than any other crime and 
was relatively rare. Perhaps I may 
suggest he takes a walk alone after 
dark in certain towns and cities of 
this country and proves to his own 
satisfaction just how “relatively 
rare" it is. 

Those who are wafted from 
appointment to appointment and 
rarely venture on foot through the 
town at night have liule idea as to 
what is really happening. Those 
who are obliged to because they 
live there have other tales to tell. 

Violence exists in our society in 
such a way as to terrify and 
intimidat&ihose who are forced by 
circumstances to live and remain 
in these bleak areas. It spills over 
into quiet residential areas of 
towns and villages and is getting 
progressively worse. 

We face a bleak and terrifying 
future. If nothing can be done to 
reduce this scourge then please 
don't insult us by quoting absurd 
platitudes. Statistics. Lord Chan- 
cellor, are dangerous to our health. 
Yours faithfully, 


(Deputy Mayor of Brighton), 

1 Saltdean Drive, 


East Sussex. 

April 25. 

Prisons dilemma 

From Mr J. W. Fox 
Sir, David Walker’s article, “Why 
prison sentences face a full stop" 
(April 19), provides a dear diagno- 
sis of the current problem in 
prisons. The key to the prognosis 
that he outlines is the unholy 
alliance of what he calls the 
“liberal critics and the financial 
hawks”. An exact parallel can be 
seen in the fate of community 
homes with education, known 
before their Home Office hand- 
over as approved schools. 

I would remind prison officers 
that whether they are committed 
to the welfare of their charges, 
young or old, and to helping them 
back into society rather than 
pushing them into its fringes does 
not matter. What matters in the 
end is whether or not somebody is 
prepared to put up the money. 

David Walker neatly 
summarises the forthcoming 
Cabinet dilemma: the rhetoric of 
harsh sentences is not going to be 
matched by financial provision. I 
just hope the prisoners and prison 
officers don’t suffer while the 
Cabinet make up their minds. 
Yours faithfully. 

J. W. FOX 
33 Farmers Drive, 




April 19. 

It was also a bit much to refer in 
a cavalier way to the message of 
the Old Testament. After all it is 
at the heart of the Hebrew 
Scriptures that we find “the still 
small voice” which Kennedy so 
values (1 Kings XIX, 19. 12) and 
Martin Buber’s spirituality springs 
from that tradition. 

So more of that still small voice, 
please — and a few less stray 

Yours faithfully, 


Westcott House, 

Jesus Lane, 


April 19. 

A woman’s place 

From Mr D. J. Yarwood 
Sir, You reported (April 23) lhat 
Oxford City Council are consid- 
ering funding the construction of a 
new centre in the city for the 
exclusive use of women, including 
library and counselling services. 
Would someone please tell me 
why the provision of such exclu- 
sive facilities for one sex, without 
equivalent facilities for the other, 
by a local authority, is not 
regarded as a breach of the Sex 
Discrimination Act which, as 
everyone must by now know, 
requires equal treatment of men 
and women in the provision of 
facilities and services? 

Yours faithfallv, 



Windsor Road, 



an end. it is possible to say that sport 
is an unfailing cause of ill-will and 
that if such a visit as this had any ef- 
fect on Anglo-Soviet relations it 
could only be to make them slightly 
worse than before. 

For this reason. I welcome the 
growth of municipal golf courses 
which, I believe, are free from 
violent rivalry; at ledsi no ev- 
idence is known to me of one 
player “clubbing” another. 

Yours faithfully, 


39 Stephen Road. 



April 25. 


APRIL 29 1897 

For o decode anti-Tur*ishfeeting 

attempted to annex. After forays 

byGreek irregulars mto 

was defeated in a short, 

humiliating campaign. TheTiinefi 

Cot-respondent wasEdwara 
Frederick Knight ( 1852-1925). 



(Reuter’s Special Service) 

ATHENS, April 27. 

I have been compelled by rite 
course of events which I shall 
presently describe to return to 
Athens, and from here I now 
resume my narrative of my obser- 
vation pud experiences at the front 

My wagon had gone to Larissa, 
carrying despatches, so Lieutenant 
Western and I resolved to walk. 
Clearing Turnavo by midnight, we 
overtook the carriage of the corre- 
spondent of the Illustrated London 
News, in which I was offered a 
place. A mile further on we came up 
with the Greek infantry m ar c h i n g 
in straggling order. They were 
footsore and grimy from their four 
days 1 work in the trenches and rifle 
pits, and their long exposure to the 
chaTl fire of t.ha enemy had been 
ftnmig h to unnerve more seasoned 
soldiers. The men marched in a 
silence which contrasted signifi- 
cantly with the incessant chatter- 
ing in which the Greek soldiers 
usually niih«lp» ... 

Sullenness had now given place 
to clamour and the disappointed 
and dispirited men forgot their 
weariness in imprecations against 
their generals and officers. The 
retreat had become a rout. Our 
carriage was picking its way slowly 
through the crowd of desperate 
men, crying women, and children, 
horses and donkeys overburdened 
and creeping at a snail’s pace, or 
prancing in nervous fright, and I 
had just remarked to the corre- 
spondent of The Times, who had 
joined our carriage, having lost his 
horse and baggage, that the Greeks 
at the mouth of the Boughazi Pass 
seemed to be signalling to Larissa 
with the night heliograph, when, 
suddenly, above the din of the 
confused masses in the road and 
adjoining fields, there came a roar, 
sharpening into a fierce sustained 
yell rolling with fighting speed 
from the distant rear . . . 

In a few. moments, above all the 
noise and shoutir^, could be 
distinguished prolonged cries of 
“The Turks are upon us." One had 
hardly time to realize what was 
happening when a dozen or more 
horsemen, accompanied by a few 
riderless steeds, appeared on the 
left at frill gallop, shouting in a 
perfect frenzy, “Run, run; the 
Turks are here." 

In a moment there was a 
stampede. The animals were lashed 
by the men. Women, children, and 
soldiers pell-mell made one mad 
rush forward. Many fell and were 
trampled to death. Vehicles of 
every description were over- 
turned, mixing together in inextri- 
cable confusion bedding, furniture, 
ammunition, horses, donkeys, 
oxen, buffaloes, in the depths of the 
black night 

At the side of our carriage two 
infantry soldiers appeared, their 
faces blanched with terror. They 
jumped on the step. When we tried 
to keep them out one levelled bis 
rifle. Then suddenly their weight 
overbalanced the vehicle, which 
overturned and was smashed to 
pieces, all the occupants, including 
The Times Correspondent and 
myself, being thrown out. My leg 
was pinned down by the broken 
timbers, but I somehow managed 
to release it and join The Times 
Correspondent. All the others had 
disappeared in the darkness . . . 

1 had been through the battle of 
the Shipka Pass and in the hottest 
part of the fighting at Plevna, but 
never before had 1 witnessed such 
wild firing as now took place . . . 

Keeping together. The Times 
Correspondent and myself got into 
the roadside ditch, but we had only 
walked slowly forward a short 
distance when we were thrown 
down by a rush from behind. 

When I regained my feet, after 
being trampled upon by scores of 
fugitives, an irregular who was 
rushing past suddenly turned and, 
deliberately raising his rifle within 
three inches of my head, fired. Jnst 
in time I ducked and fall thus 
saving my life . . . 

In this maddened crowd I strug- 
gled on for several miles. Some of 
the Greek officers, I know, did 
their duty. They ordered the 
trumpeters to sound “Cease 
firing,’’ and rode about attempting 
to call a halt Others. I am sorry to 
say, lost their reason, and rushed 
ahead as tenor stricken as their 
men. I saw one gallant officer 
endeavouring to bring his fellows 
to their senses by presenting his 
revolver and shouting “Stasu, 
stasu!" (“Halt, halt!") But he might 
as well have given the word of 
command to a whirlwind ■ . . 

Keep the ball rolling 

From Mr Ian Murray Leslie 
Sir. Your report (April 23) of the 
case against four men for “fishing" 
lost golf balls from a lake on a 
Warwickshire course brings to 
mind a notice that adorned 
“unsighted” greens on the Braid 
Hills course, near Edinburgh, 
some 70 years ago: “Visitors are 
requested not to pocket lost balls 
before they have stopped rolling.*” 
Yours obediently. 

Savage Cub. 

9 Fitzmaurioe Place. 

Berkeley Square, Wl, 

April 23. 

r : L \ 




not ■ 

as c 
the c 

ibe t 

but i 

a la 

of fit 
do. i 
of i 

its Will? 
ano in> 
full bre 
hotel c 
your O' 
For re 
Tel: (Q 




































April 28.* The Queen this morn- 
£8™^ BeU Mead Kennels. 
Old Windsor and opened the 
new extension to the Dogs’s 
Home, Baiteisea, of which Her 
Majesty is Patron. 

Having been received bv the 
> tee-lieutenant of Surrey (Ma- 
jor James More-Molyneux), the 
Chairman of the Dogs’ Home. 
Battersea (MrT.G.Fidd-Fisher) 
and the Director-General (Colo- 
nel H_l. Sweeney), The Queen 
unveiled a commemorative 
plaque and toured the kennels. 

Lady Susan Hussey. Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Sir John Miller, Mr 
Kenneth Scott and Major Hugh 
Lindsay were in attendance. 

The Hon Peart McGonigal 
(Lieutenant-Governor of Mani- 
tobajvand Mr McGonigal had 
the honour of being invited to 
luncheon with Her Majesty. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. 
President of WWF Inter- 
national held an Executive 
Committee Meeting at Bucking- 
ham Palace today. 

April 28: The Princess Anne. 
Mrs Mark Phillips, this morning 
visited the Farms for City 
Children {Director. Mr M. 
Morpugo) ai IddesJeigh. Devon. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived upon arrival by Her 
Majesty's Lord Lieutenant for 
Devon ! the Earl of Morley). 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips. Patron of the Home 
Farm Trust, this afternoon vis- 
ited the Trust's Home at 
Ri vended. Cbudleich. Devon to 
mark the occasion of its 

Her RovaJ Highness loured 
the Home, escorted by the 
Resident Manager (Mr K. 
Yamal! ). 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, attended by Mrs Rich- 

ard Carew-Pole, travelled in an 
aircraft of the Queen's Flight 

April 2S: The princess Margate t 
Countess of Snowdon, as Presi- 
dent of the Sadler's Wells Royal 
Ballet, this evening attended the 
premiere of The Snow Queen at 
the Hippodrome Theatre. Bir- 
mingham, in aid of the National 
Society for the Prevention of 
Cruelty to Children, of which 
Her Royal Highness is 

The Princess Margaret. 
Countess of Snowdon, was re- 
ceived on arrival at Bir- 
mingham International Airport 
by Her Majesty's Lord Lieuten- 
ant for the West Midlands (The 
Earl of Aylesford); 

Her Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of the 
Queen's Right was attended by 
the Hon Mrs Whitehead. 

April 28: The Duke of Glouces- 
ter today presented the Sony 
Radio Awards 1986 at a Lun- 
cheon in the Great Room at the 
Grosvenor House Hotel. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance. 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
was present this evening at a 
Gala Dinner and Fasion 
Spectacular in aid of the Royal 
National Lifeboat Institution at 
the Park Lane Hotel. London. 

Mrs Euan McCorquodale was 
in attendance. 

April 28: The Duchess of Kent 
ludav opened an Exhibition of 
Rotjf Farts at Ha re wood House. 

Miss Sarah Partridge was in 

The Emperor of Japan is 85 

Princess Anne is to be Patron of 
the Association of Combined 
Youth Clubs. 


Royal Over-Seas League _ 

Mrs Main RadclifTe presided at 
a meeting of the discussion 
circle. Royal Over-Seas League, 
held last night at Over-Seas 
House. St James's. Lieutenant- 
Colonel M. A. Lowry was the 
guest speaker and bis subject 

was terrorism. 

ping. London, yesterday eve- 
ning. The president. Mr J. K. 
Stuart, presided and afterwards 
emcnained the speaker at 

Chartered Institute of Transport 
Mr HL Rootiiep. executive 
board. Koninklijke Nedlloyd 
Groep. delivered the Reginald 
Grout memorial lecture. “Going 
Dutch", to the Chartered In- 
stitute of Transport at the 
General Council of British Ship- 

Imperial Society of Knigbcs 

A special general meeting of 
members of the Imperial Society 
of Knights Bachelor to consider 
and approve the council's pro- 
posals for amendments to the 
constitution will be held at the 
society's offices at 21 Old Build- 
ings. Lincoln's Inn. London. 
WC2. on Monday. May 12, 
I9S6. at II am. Copies of the 
draft constitution may be ob- 
tained from the society's offices. 


High Sheriff of Greater London 
The Lord Mayor of West- 
minster attended the Shenlfs 
Breakfast, given by Mr Giles 
Shepard, High Sheriff of Greater 
London, and Mrs Shepard, al 
the Savoy Hotel yesterday. Oth- 
ers present included: 

The Lard Lieutenant of Greater 

uSdorTud tSSr SraroaH. 

Lieutenant of the Ojr M£ 1 25*5 y Sr 
Cheshire. U* Lord UwWW'l ^ 
HamKMre and Lady scon. Law 

justice Nourse. Sir Mkaiart Hayer* 1 
OC. MP- Sir Panic* Maynew. QC. 
MP. Mr justice Fartuhawon. Ste 
Goal lev Taylor. Str Anthony and 
Lady Tuke. Lady Ponet. Slr Kenneth 


lV * WTn ^- J g i &Jir Bu^QC. Mr 

p wen~ KeUy i 

High Sherttfc <* Hampshire, 
and Worcester, and Surrey. 

Royal Over-Seas League 
Sir David and Lady Scott. Sir 
John and Lady Peel and Mr and 
Mis C. P- Jubb were entertained 
at luncheon yesterday at Over- 
seas House. St James's, by Lord 
Grey ofNaunlon, president, and 
members of the Central Council 
of the Royal Over-Seas League. 

Chartered Institute ofTransport 
Mr J. K. Stuart. President of the 
Chartered Institute of Trans- 
port. was in the chair when the 
Secretary of State for Transport, 
the Hon Nicholas Ridley, was 
the principal guest at the lun- 
cheon held yesterday at the Cafe 
Royal. London. 


Scientific Instrument Makers’ 

The Lord Mayor, accompanied 
by the Ladv Mayoress, the 
Sheriffs and thier ladies, was the 
principal guest at a dinner given 
by the Scientific instrument 
Makers' Company held at the 
Mansion House last night Mr 
George Zahler. Master. Mr Ron- 
ald Howard and Mr Henry 
Kroch. Wardens, received the 
guests. Baroness Platt of Writtle 
and the Senior Warden were 
among the speakers- 


Latest appointments include: 

Mr John Johnson to be British 
High Commissioner to Kenya, 
in succession to Sir Leonard 
Allinson. who will be retiring 
from the Diplomatic Service. 
Rear Admiral H.L.Thotnpson to 
be promoted Vice-Admiral and 
to be Deputy Controller War- 
ships. in succession to Mr 
P.W Jarvis, in August 
Mr Peter Leslie Crili Bailiff of 
Jersey, to be a Judge of the Court 
of Appeal for Guernsey. 

Mr Raymond RicketL Director 
of the Middlesex Polytechnic, to 
be Chairman of the Committee 
of Directors of Polytechnics. 

The night sky in May 

By Onr Astronomy Correspondent 

Mercury will be in snpenor 
conjunction on the 23rd and is 
unlikely to be seen this month. 

Venus is a bnghi evening star 
setting about two hours after the 
Sun. A little to the south of the 
Moon on the 1 1th- . . _ _ 

Mars will be nsmg before 
midnight by the middle of the 
month, still in Sagjnanus. 
Moon in the area on ibe night 
26-27 th. 

Jupiter is a bnghi morning _ 
object rising from 03h to Oth. It t \ 
is in Aquarius and the brightest 
object in the area. Moon in the | 
vicinity on the 3rd and 4th and - 
again on the 31 sL 

Saturn will be in opposition 
on the 28th and will be above 
the horizon for nearly all the 
dark hours, crossing the mend- 
on at 23h53m. Magnitude 
aboui zero, consider ably 
brighter than the neighbouring 
Anures at 1.2. Moon near it on 
the night 23rd-24th. 

Uranus is now in the evening 
sky. average rising time 32 ft, and 
Neptune will also rise before 

The Moon: last quarter, 
ld03h; new. 8d22h: first quar- 
ter ITdOib; full 23d21h; last 
quarter. 30d 1 3h. 

Halley's Comet should be 
observable again far the first 
twelve days or so of this month, 
ft is receding from both Earth 
and Sun and consequently los- 
ing brightness, so binoculars will 
probably be needed. 

On the 1st the waning Moon 
will not rise until after midnight 
and on the l Oth the waxing 
Moon will set before 22h; thus 
shall have a dark period. 

Tte diagram shows ttt* Is U l iw 
stars dial will be above the nortzoa to 

the latitude of Looooo al_23h UXwnO 

wH t of Greenwich and .earlier t^a 

like amount If the glace be eaa L 

at the begtataa. 22 h ciophu _ 

nMdb and 2 ih t9pm> at the cm of 
Uw month, local mean tone. At places 
from the Greenwich meridian 
bum at which me 

ar* tar man me 

above te one pour for cacti USdcs 

map sh ould be turned so that the 

tbe observer is fating «aown 
e arete) is at 

my from me 

the Greenwich 

te Or words around the 

_ bottom, known to astronomers as 

Universal Time and tsi i wwd in 24- 
hour notation, a used in me 
accompanying notes unless otherw is e 
staled. . . 

Observ ers will also ne ed the all- 
too-rare cloudless western sky 
and not to live in. or near the 
north side of a large town. 

On tbe 1st the comet will be 
close to the right-hand star of 
Crater (on our map) and will 
move quite quickly northward 
past the adjacent star of Hydra, 
in the direction of the word 

According to The Times 
booklet How to See Halley's 
Comet, on the 1 Oih at 22h GMT 
in the Midlands its attitude win 
be about 17deg and true bearing 
220deg. roughly south-west. 
Apart from the exceptionally 
well equipped, this will be the 
last chance for most of our 
readers to see the comet, though 
their children may in the year 

The light evenings have ar- 
rived. At the beginning of the 
month nautical twilight (Sun 
I2deg below the horizon) will 
have ended by 2!h. for Mach 
hour the April map is ap- 
plicable. By mid-month that 
map will apply an hour earlier 
and twilight half an hour later, 
so today's map becomes more 
suitable. However, the general 
south aspect is the same for 
both, dominated by the “spring 

Egyptia ns. Pictorial maps show 
an- angel-like figure with her 
bead to the west, and Spica at a 
lower wing tip. This group is 
sometimes linked with the next. 
Libra, as Justice bolding the 
Scales. Spies is a white star, 
magnitude just about 1.0 and 
No 15 in the order of bright 
stars. The star hidden by Moon 
19 on onr map is another 
interesting double star. 

Archiurus. just brighter .than 

triangle" of Denebola (the tail of zero magnitude, ranks third in 

the Lion), Spica and Arcturus. 

Leo is one of the very ancient 
constellations of the Zodiac, and 
long ago various mythologies 
were associated with it, such as 
the creation of the world when 
tbe Sun was passing through it 
Tbe more recent Greek myth 
links h with the Nemaean bon 

the “peeking orrfcr" and is a cool 
orange .star. It belongs to the 
constellation Bootes, an uptight 
figure with Arcturus at the left 
knee, and known variously as 
the Herdsman. Ploughman, 
Harvester or Bear Driver. . 

Like the other two, it is an 
ancient group), associated with 

killed by Hercules. The neck of the Egyptian Homs, and also 
tbe beast contains an interesting representing Noah, 
double star, but there is nothing 'For binocular users. Coma 
very special about Denebola. Berenices, just above Arctorus- 
Virgo is also an ancient Denebola line, will provide a 
y yiiarai group with a very long rewarding view. It is a rich star 
history, "the Goddess of a patch usually classed as as open 
Thousand Names” (las) to the cluster. 

Birthdays today 

Mr Frank Auerbach, 55: Sir 
John Cox. S6*. Rear-Admiral 
(LA. Currie. 81: Miss Brenda 
Dean, 43; Sir Patrick Hamill, 56; 
Miss Zm Jea nmaire, 62; Sir 
John Llewellyn. 7i; Mr Rod 
McKuen, 53: Mr Zubin Mehta. 
50; Sir Fraser Noble. 68; the 
Hon Jacob Rothschild. 50: Mr 
Rudolf Schwarz, 81; Mr Jeremy 
Thorpe. 57; Mr David Tindle, 
54; Sir P«er Youens. 70, Mr 
Fred Zinneman. 79. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr I. M- Adams-Cairns 
and Miss P. J. Russell 
The engagement is 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

£4 a Sw + 15* VAT 

(minimum 3 lines) 
Anncamrcnis. ainhrnmud by Oie 
unit and permanent address of the 
sender, may be seal ux 

P0 BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
Loadoa El 

or telephoned (by telephone sobs- 
cibcn only) lo: 01-411 3024 

Announcements can be received by 
telephone between 9i)0am and 
5.30pm Monday to Friday, on Satur- 
day bclwtvn Q.OQun and 12 noon, 
(01-481 4000 (M|l- For publication the 
following day phone by I -30pm. 

etc cm Court and Social Page £8 a Cm 
* 15% VAT. 

Court and Social Pate 
anno un ce m ents an oat be accepted 
by ’ telephone. Enquiries to: 0I-0Z2 
5353 (after lOJOamL or send Uj 1, 

BOYCE - on 24 Hi April, unexpectedly. 
Dorothy (nee Oaotiam) of 
Wormwood. formerly of Arlhington. 
Yorkshire: Move d mother of Jona- 
than and grandmother of Harriet 
Funeral Service will take place at 
Breauspear Crematorium. Rutsllp. 
Middlesex, on Friday 2nd May. at 
2. IS pm 'West Chapel). Enquiries to 
E- Spark Lid iNonhwood 255721. 

HELLMAM - On 28th April, Marcel be- 
toved husband of EDy. father of 
Renee and Joela. peacefully at home. 
Funeral private. Family flowers 
only Memorial service to be 

CABO URN SMIH - mee Evers) 
peacefully on 27Bi April. Sally. 
Helmed Widow of U. Col. Wilfrid 
Caboum Smith, mother ot Martin 
and sister of Jack. Service at GoJders 
Green Crematorium Thursday 1st 
May 2.50pm No flowers please, 
dona lions to Hospital or Charity of 

HOSKMS - On April 27th 1986. peace- 
fully after a Ion, illness. Jeannie 
Felles Hoskins, aged 77 years, dearly 
beloved wife of Percy Hoskins CJB.E. 
Service at the Downs Crematorium. 
Bear Road. Brighton, on Friday May 
2nd at 4pm. Family flowers only, but 
donations If desired to the Saints and 
Sinners. Cancer Research Fund. 40 
Queen Anne's SL London Wl. 

COLLINS A RC- (Jim! on Abril 28th 
alter an illness bravely Do roe. - 
Funeral at Slough Cremalonura. 
10.50am Friday May 2nd. Family 
flowers only. Donations If desired to 
Cancer Research. Enquiries to F.G. 
Pyiwn & Son. 65 Moorbridge Road. 

KOWE - On April 20th suddenly at 
home. Robert Douglas Howe. LCS 
(Retired). M-BX-. S.Q A. and later of 
Lever Brothers. (Pakistan) Lid. Cre- 
mation look place on April 25th. 
Donations m memory to Cancer Re- 
search if desired. 

PACE - On 2lst April. Howard W. in 
the U-SJV. aged 79- 
Formerly Senmr Executive of the Ex- 
xon Corporation and for a number of 
years, before and alter the Second 
World War. held Exxon Appoint- 
ments in London. Was dosety 
associated hi working wMh the U K. 
Government towards the decision to 
end petrol Tattooing. Whilst tn Lon- 
don served as a Director of the Iraq 
Petroleum Company Ltd. His wife, 
the former Eileen Wnten from En- 
gland. passed away in 1984. 
Donations If desired to me American 
University of Beirut Foundation, of 
width Harold Page was one tone 
Chairman, at 860 Third Avenue. 
New York. 10022. 

COLTON -on 24 th April. 1986. Colton 
G. M. (Aiuil Headmistress of aty of 
London School for Girts 1949 - 1972. 
peacefully after a tone illness. Funer- 
al al Westleton Parish Church. 
Suffolk at 2J0 pm on Thursday 1st 
May. 1986. 

JOHNSTON - Sir Charles Hepbrnn 
GCMC. peacefully at home on April 
22nd Funeral for relatives and dose 
friends to be held at SI Pam's 
Church. Wilton Place os April 30th 
at 2.30pm. arrangements for memo- 
rial service to be announced later. 

Verity, imtv. I w unto vou. He 
that tefleieth on me. the worts 
mat 1 do Shan he do also. 

St John 14: 12 


BACON - On 22nd April. 1986 to Ntco 
and Susie, a son Edmund, a brouter 
lor Htcky- 

CATHCART - On April 23rd al St 
Mary's Souihsea. to Alma inee 
Newan Wauoni and Nigel, a son. 

COTTENHAM on April 26Ut al Prin- 
cess Margaret HospttaL to Sarah and 
CharUc a son. Sam Richard Pepys. 

DOYNE-DfTMAS On 18lh April to- 
j iti la (nee Edgeworth) al KaL a son 
Edward HaroM de Q-espipiy. 

FOYLE - on March 23rd- to Rose <nee 
Clarke) and Anthony, a daughter. Se- 
rena Rose Delap. 

GOYDER - On April 22nd 1986 to 
Yvonne tn*e Hogarthi and Hugh, a 
daughter Rosemary Alice. A sister 
for Katherine. 

KARROP - On April 25Ut at Salisbury, 
to Rosaleen (nee Gough) and John, a 
son. James William, a brother for 

HOYLAND - On April 27th 1986 to 
Rowena (nee Netni and PhiUp a 
daughter Laura Jane. 

JOHNSON On April 18th to Clare (nee 
Long I and Bruce, a daughter Rebecca 

JOSSELYN - On April 26th at King's 
College Hospital. Camberwell, to Fe- 
licity t nee Groalenhutsi and George, 
a daughter (Alice Margaret!, a sister 
for Katherine. 

UMG - On April 27Ut. at Si 
Thomas’s, to Hana inee NovotnAj 
and Alaslalr. a son. Andrew Samuel. 

LAW - On Apnl the 27th at the Wel- 
lington Hospital. London, to Sandy 
and John, a daughter Kinvara. a sk- 
ier for Alexander and David. 

HOODIE - On April 27th to Dawn (nee 
EJliSt and Cordon, al SI Teresa's 
Wimbledon- a son lain Douglas, a 
brother (or James and Alexander. 

NARIZZANO - On Z7lb of April al 
Queen Cha holies, lo Jane mee Falk- 
ner) and Paul, a daughter Anna, a 
sfiier for Peter and Sophie. 

mfiENSTEM - on 26th April, to 
Kristina and Guy. a daughter 

WILSON - Oh 27tfi April, to Annabel 
livfo Cronei and Guy. a son. Robert, a 
brother for Lucy and Eleanor. 

CUES WELL - On April 25Ut 1986 In 
Mount Afvenua. Guildford, after a- 
short Illness. Sir Michael Justin 
Creswril then K.C.M C. aged 76. Be- 
loved husband of Catherine Mea 
Lady Creswell. dear father of Cohn 
and Alexander. Much loved stepfa- 
ther of Pieter Mown and Chartotte 
Flaes. Funeral service Friday. May 
the 2nd. All enquiries please (o 
Ptmrns Funeral Services. Dorset 
House. High St. Crantagh. Tet 

JOY - On April 2Sth peacefully at 
home, after a long Htoesa faced wuh 
courage and dignity. Barbara Rose- 
mary i Bunch t. much loved tester of 
Nancy and Nicky. Funeral at SL 
Mary's Church. Bentley, oo Wednes- 
day April 30Ui ai 2.30 pm- Funeral 
flowers or W preferred donations tor 
Bentley Church, to Xentp and Ste- 
vens. Alton. Hampshire. 

K1MBEK On April S6 oeacefuBy la 
hospital on Ships on on Stour. Wing 
Commander Charles T. Kbnber. 
D.F.C- R.A.F.. R-ld. Private service. 
No letters Please. Donations If desired 
u Cancer Research. 

DONALD Suddenly but peacefully at 
Edinburgh on 26th April 1986 David 
William Alexander OonaUL 0-8-E- 
T D.. F F.A.. 16 Hermitage 

Drtve.Edln burgh, loved brother of 
Janet and dew unde lo aU the fam- 
ily. Thanksglvtng service tn Mayfield 
Parish Church. Mayfield Road. Edin- 
burgh, on Wednesday. 3Cth April at 
3.00 pm. Private cremation there- 
after. Family (lowers only. 
Donations If desired lo St Columba’s 
Hospice, BoswaU Road. Edinburgh. 
No mourning. 

KfTOBNCMAM GS of Abbots Langley 
Hertfordshire. Peacefully In Watford 
General Hospital on April 27th age 
83. Much loved husband, fattier and 
grandfather. Funeral Service 2.45 
pm on 2nd May at St. Lawrence 
Church. Abbots Langley. No flowers. 
Donations to Watford and District 
Talking Newspaper for the BUnd. 
c/o MacLeam. Lowestoft RCL 

DENT - On 27th April after an mness. 
born wim great courage. Cherry, 
wife of the late Rear Admiral John 
Dent. Cremation private Thanksgiv- 
ing service at 9 Lukes'* Church. 
Sway on Friday 2nd May at 2.30pm. 
Family flowers only please, but do- 
nations if desired to Motor Neurone 
Disease Association. 61 Derogate. 

UTT1 XC HRJ - on April 27th at 
Demford Hospital. Plymouth. EJste 
(PU». aged 83 years, of Brtxham. 
Former Headmistress of Brtxham 
Oris' Secondary School, dear sister 
of Robert. Funeral service al St 
Mary's Church. Brtxham (Devon) on 
Thursday May 1st ai 2.30 pm. Fam- 
ily flowers only, donations If desired 
for Cancer Research may be sent to 
T & I Stockman. 64A Bolton Street 


BAIRD On Thursday 24ih April 1906 
peacefully at Charing Cron Hosmtal. 
brave Allan Shand. Captain Royal 
MjiyM.i.E.E.. M.l Merit £. aged 46- 
Beloved elder son of John and Mar- 
garet Truly loved husband of 
Rachel, dear and loving father of An- 
drew. Emma and James, our rock. 
Staunch brother of Roger. All very 
welcome to Funeral Service at 
2 00pm on Fridav 2nd May at 
H.M.S. CoWngwoQd. Farcham. 
Hauls, followed py private cremabon 
at Portchester Crematorium. Family 
flowers only but all donations please 
to Cancer Research, c aJNOSleei.6 
Chesil Si . winchester. Hants. Donu- 
ms fecit. 

BOLTON On 2l« April. Betty, wife of 
Paddy Bon on in a car accident In 
France Please, no letters. 

DUKE - On Monday 28 th April at the 
Horton General Hospital. Banbury. 
Rev Frederick. Duke oT MoUmgton. 
aged 84. Requiem Eucharist at All 
Saints Church. MoUmgton on Friday 
2nd May at 12 noon. Flowers or do- 
nations to J * M Humph ns. Albert 
Street. Banbury- The latter to be di- 
vided between father Duke's 
favourite chanty. 

FORDKAM - George Win lam past 
away peacefully at home on April 
26th 1986. aged 84 years. Beloved 
husband of Dorothy Funeral service 
ai AU Satnls Church Matlock. 
Derbyshire on Friday 2nd May at 
2.30pm foftowvd Oy cremation at 
Brimming! on Crematorium. 

Chesterfield at 3.30pm- No flowers 
by request Please, donations, if de- 
sired. to All Samts Church. Matlock 
and St. Giles Church. Mallock c. o 
Thomas Greaiorex A Sons Ltd.. The 
Green. Matlock. Derbyshire. 

HAMMOND - On 26Ut April peacefully 
at The Quinta. Bentley. Mary, 
widow of Ihc late UCol H A B Ham- 
mond RA. lately County 
Commissioner for Hampshire Oil 
Guide, mother of Sarah and Mark. 
94ndmoUier of Anthony. Andrew 
and Mary. Private cremation wiu oe 
followed by Thanksgiving at SL 
Mary's Church. Bentley al 3.30pm 
on Friday 2nd May. Family flowers 
only; donations, if desired, to Wood- 
larks Camp Site Trust. Tilford Road. 

HENDERSON on April 28 peacefully 
after a short Illness. Ian T Henderson 
C B E.. T.D.. M.A.. of Pond House. 
Crawley. Winchester, beloved hus- 
band of Mefda and much loved 
lather of Venetla. Nicky. Andrew 
and Anthony Funeral service at St 
Mary's. Crawley, on Friday. May 2 
al 3 00 pm. Family flowers only but 
donations if desired lo Mental Health 
Foundation, C. O John Steel & Son. 
Cheat House. Winchester. 0962 

UVINCSTONE - On April 21 S in Lon- 
don. Anne, wife of the tele Cordon 
Livingstone, loving and beloved 
mother of Michael and grandmother 
of Julian. Annette and Cites. Requi- 
em at $r Thomas of Canterbury 
CathoHc Church. Granville Road. 
Se* c/i Date on Tuesday April 29th at 
5.00pm. fe* towed by burial at Great- 
ness Cemetery. Flowers to W. 
Hodges & Co. 37 Quakers Hafl Lane. 
Seven Oaks. 

LOASDY Peter George D.S C., Captain 
Royal Navy. Suddenly on April 26th 
1936 beloved husband of Rosemary 
Margaret Dear father of Penelope 
and son-in-law Christopher, a much 
loved Grandpa of Martha. Funeral 
service at Saxmundham Parish 
Oturch on Friday May 2nd al 
2.00pm foilawed by private crema- 
tion. Family flowers only. If desired 
donations for Uie SI Elizabeth Hoa- 
ptce AppeaL c/o Tony Brown. The 
Funeral. Parlour. Saxmundham. 

MeLEAM - On April 24th 1986 (her 
birthday i . at hospital in Belfast after 
a wng uiness. Diana Elisabeth. <n£e 
Campbell i beloved wife of John, dear 
mother of Jane. Simon and Sara and 
grandmother of Matthew. Susanna 
and Eimiy. and Sophie. Private fu- 
neral Service and Cremation have 
taken place. 

DULLER A DONALD. Formerly of The 
Leprosy Mission on 250i April, aped 
92. peacefully. Funeral Friday 2nd 
May ai 1130am. at Dilchllng 
Church. Flowers to Frank Davey 
And Co Hursrpierpoinl or Donations 
to The Leprosy Mnston- 

MITOfEU. - On April 23rd to a Hos- 
pice ai St Johns Wood. London NW8: 
Elsie Florence, aged 81. dearly loved 
wife of BiO. betoved mother of Cath- 
erine and Soma, loving and much 
loved Nanna or Juliet. Anna. Christo- 
pher. Mlraaea. and Jessica. 
Enquiries to Cooksey, lgo Forts 
Green Road. London. Nio. 

• Charles Addban. On 27Th 
April 1986. peacefully m XenfMd 
HaO Nursing Home, after a long IB- 
ness. aged 79 years, betovad husband 
of Dtana and father ct Carol DnU 
and John. Private funeraL 
tr wtabed to 
c/o Tr easu r e r M 
Down. Nr C an terbu ry . McsnoriN ear- 
vice to be on Wedneeday. t«Oi May 
1986 at zaOem at Bridge church. 

REMBALL > aged 57 on 200i April to 
Guys HopsttaL Rkfcart very ouch 
toued husband of LeOey. Fuveral 
service al Putney Vale Crenatorkn 
on Thursday 1st May al 2.46pm to 
Ore west Chat**. Flowers and 
•sundries to W. Garsttn A Son. Tet: 
01 935 4868 or doandoua to Prof. 
Rubens. Special Fund. Guys 

ROBERTSON - On Saturday 26® 
April to the Joim Raddftte HospttaL 
Oxford, peacefully after a shoes to- 
ness. Judith- Aru*. in Her 66th year, 
betoved wife of the (ate Alan M. Rob- 
ertson of BJ>. & MothwwaO Bridge 
and mother of Nell Michaud. Crema- 
Uoo service to cake place sf Oxford 
Crematorium. Wednesday April 
30th at 12 noon. FamOy burial al 
Dunkefd Cathedral later. 

SPARROW - On April 26th suddenly 
at tier home Penn Sparrow, much 
loved sister of John. Tim and 
Daphne, aged 75. Private cremation 
on Friday May 2nd. followed by 
funeral service 3-30pm at 
Lrinnvaidine. No flowers. 

est sympathy to her staff and to her 
close personal friends. T. Hogarth. 
Deepest sympathy to her staff and to 
ha- dose personal friends. C. 

TURNBULL on April 27th oo CalOey 
Island. Phtbs beloved wtf* of Gerard 
Alan Smith Turn bull. Funeral at SI 
Davids Church. Cakfey Island. 
Wednesday. April 30th. Family flow- 
ers only. Donations u desired to 
Cancer Research. 

TURNER - On 24th of April peacefully 
al Woodlands Rest Home. Earlth 
camhs. Mildred Edith, formerly of 
Cambridge, aged 84 years. Funeral 
service at St Bene'ts church. Cam- 
bridge. Friday 2nd May at 11. IS am. 
followed by cremation. No flowers 
by request. 

TWEED® - Anne suddenly «m 28th 
April in Basmgstofce Hospital, loved 
wife id Vere and mother of Sarah. 
Manay and Slmoo. Funeral a 
3.000m Friday 2nd May at SL 
Mary's. WmchfleM. Family only. 
Flowers lo E. Finch 4* Sons. 

VASSAR-SADTH - On Aprfi 26th in 
hospital. Dr. Jack of 33 Bryanston 
Square. Funeral on Thursday at 
3 00pm al Cowers Green Crematori- 
um. No letters or flowers please. 
Donations to Cancer Research if 

WAKEMAN - On April 22nd suddenly, 
in Germany Horace • (Alan). 
SauMron Leader. R A F. (Retired) 
aged 58. Funeral private. Donations, 
if desired, (o RjU". Benevolent 

WENTZEL On Aurd 25th. Cyril 
Charles, beloved husband of Ursula 
Margaret, peacefully after a long ill- 
ness. most courageously borne. 
Funeral Putney vale Crematorium 
10.15am Fndav May 2nd. Flowers 
(o Ashtons. 140 Alexandra Road. 
SWlQ. before 9 00am Friday. 


BLACK. A Memorial Service win be 
held for Mr lan Hervey Stuan Black 
at the Brompton Oratory on April 
30th. at li.30ara 

HOCXNELL - John Stocker - A 
Thanksgiving service will be held at 
SI. Mary's Church. Amenham (Old 
Town) Saturday. 17th May. 12 

SHEPHERD - Memorial mass for Patri- 
cia Mary. All friends welcome at St 
Mary’s. Cadogan seen, on 15ih 
May ai 6.30pm. and afterwards at St 
Joseph’s School. 

between lain, elder sen of the 
late Mr Alastair Adams-Cairos 
and of Mrs Adams-Caims, of 
Prospect House. Woodcburch. 
Kent, and lane, younger daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs B. A. RusseU, 
of Lower Barn Farm. War- 
minster, Wiltshire. 

Mr A. K. Banks 
and Miss C- J. ToIBt 
Tbe engagement is. announced 
between Andrew, youngest son 
of Mr and Mis T. H. F. Banks, of 
Tbe Garden House, 
Wiche iiford, Worcestershire, 
and Christine, second daughter 
of Mr and Mis J. N. ToltiL of 
Phepson Manor, Himbleion. 
Droitwich, Worcestershire. 

Mr J.R Blackburn 

and Miss D. K. Stewart 

The engagement is announced 

Mr A. D. Morgan 
and Miss A- J. Wflsou 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, eldest son of 
Mr and Mis P. F. Morgan, of 
Orpington. Kent, and Anthea, 
only daughter of Mr J. D. H. 
Wilson, of Orange Free State, 
South Africa, and Mrs V. M, 
Wilson, of Higfagate, London. . 


and Miss J. A. Over 

The engagement is announced 

between Christopher Philip, dr 
der son of Rear-Admiral and 
Mrs P. F. Powlett, of Lyng, 
Norfolk, and Jennifer Ann, only 
daughter of Lieutenant-Colond 
and Mrs D. S. Over, of Bexhtil- 
on-Sea, Sussex. . 

Mr S. J. WaHrmr 
and Mi&s M. A. Sykes 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Stephen John, youngest 

son of the taiethe Rev D. I_ G 

between James, younger son of Waldron and Dr J. W. Waldron, 
Mr and Mrs John Blackburn, of of Fowey. Cornwall and 

Buenos Aires. Arg entina , and 
Deborah, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Iain Stewart, of Dubai, 
United Arab Emirates. 

Mr G. J. Brodfe 
and Min C A. Coleman 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Gordon James, youn- 
gest son of Mr and Mrs D. C G. 
Bro die. of Rkkmansworth, 
Her tfo rd shi re, and Caroline 

Melanie Anna, eldest daughter 
of Mr and Mis Tristram S. 
Sykes, of Norringron, 
Alvedistoo. Salisbury. . . 

li eutenant M. W. White, RN, 
and Miss L. B. Soper 
The eu ga g ement s announced 
bet w ee n Mark, eider son of 

Brigadier a n d Mrs N » M . White, 


Ann, mdy dugfater of Dr and Jar J. R. Soper (retd) and Mrs 
Mrs A. J. Coleman, of 'Soper, of Southsea, Hampshire; 
N ooh mood. Miritflesrs . 

nd MlnJ.B.1 
Tbe " tlT*"*"* b announced 
between Michael Robert 
Forman, eldest sou of Mr and 
Mrs Robert dark. Old Bank 
House, Alyth, and Josephine 
Rachel, daughter of Mr and Mis 
Robert Cunningham, 48 Albany 
Road, Broughty Ferry, Dundee. 

Mr A. C. Ewing 
and Mbs ML L. Cooper 


and Mbs L. W. M. Barker 
Tbe marriage took place rat 
Saturday. April 26. at Afl 
Saints'. Stradbroke, of Mr Guy 
Bryce Davison, only son of lire 
late Dr Guy Davison and of Mrs 
Richard Furber, and stepson of 
Mr Richard Furber, of Nizds. 
Hilden bo rough. Kent, and Miss 
Lucy Barker, younger daughter 
of Mr and Mrs George Barker, 

tbe late MrS Ewing and Mrs M. 
J. Ewing, of Vicars Cross, Ches- 
ter, and Louise, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs D. O. Cooper, of 
Eynsford, Kent. 

Mr IV. R. Gnffifer 
and Miss L. J. Edwards 
The engagement is announced 
between Nigel Robert, son ofMr 
Don GuJ liter and tbe late Mis 
Sonia Guiltier, of Henleaze, 
Bristol, and Louise Joan, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Ralph 
Edwards, of Hove, Sussex. 

The Rev Julian Barker offici- 
ated, assisted by- tbe Rev David 
Streeter. r - • • 

Tbe bride who was given, in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Lain Lucock, 
Marie Goess-Saorau. Katherine 
Wellesley-Wesley and Victoria 
McClure. Mr Hugo Joimsen was 
best man. 

A reception vitas held at the 
borne of tbe bride. 

Mr J. lHHwrmhloIisstea 
sad Mrs C. Dona 

The marriage took place in 
Dorset on Saturday,. ApriM 2, of 
Mr Michael Howard- Johnston 

Mr D. MacGregor 
and Miss M. E. Clarfce 

The engagement is announced and Mrs Carolyn Drain, 
between Duncan, eldest son of M n p n T • 

Mr and Mrs M. MacGregor, of Mfc'n Xr^tinu. u 
Alrewas. StaffordshireT and ““ „ 

(i.SS,oH rf St Luke. Malfidd. of Mr David 

’ an^ oUey ““ Mre °* orah 

Mr J. Hi ML MacKinnon Mr i a Ynrb» 

and Miss A. Fulirood ^ PAM Kimra, 

The engagement is announced ‘ ’ 

between John, younger son of . .. Ou«n ? sChaSI 
r«mraodoro N. A. MacKinnon. 10 “ 4““° 5 Ghapel 

of the Savoy, of Mr James 

Commodore N. A. MacKinnon, 
RAN (retd), and Mrs 
MacKinnon, of Lewfcnor, 
Oxfordshire, and Anne, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Brian 
Fulwood. of Waikerie. South 

Mr L. K. A. Mair 
and Miss J. E. PacieUo 
The engagement is announced 
between Lindsay Keith Ander- 
son. son of Mr and Mrs M. a. 

Yotke, younger son of Mr 
David Yorke and the late Mrs 
Yorke, of Steyning. Sussex, and 
Miss Primrose Kitson. only 
daughter of Brigadier and Mrs 
Harold Kitson. of 
Morcombelake, Dorset. - The 
Chaplain, tbe Rev John Wil- 
liams. officiated. ’ 

The bride who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 

Mair, of Heswall. The Wirral, attended by Katherine Ed g e , 
and Sane Elizabeth, daughter ot Lord Russell of Liverpool was 
Mr and Mrs D. J. PacieUo, of best man. A reception was held 
Newport, Gwent at Brooks' Gub. 

Dulwich College 

Summer Term at Dulwich Col- 
lege began on April 21. I. G 
Tredgetl is captain of cricket 
The confirmation service will be 
conducted by the Bishop Of 
Woolwich in chapel at 130 pm 
on May 13. Tbe Lord's Tavern- 
ers will play a cricket match at 
the college on June l. Brigadier 
W.G.R. Turner, CBE (OA). will 
inspect the combined cadet 

force on June 3. the school 
concert will be held at the 
Festival Hall at 7_30 pm on June 
1 1. Founder's day is J une 2 1 and 
the commemoration service will 
be held in chapel at 1 1 am on 
Sunday, June 22. when the 
sermon wili be preached by the 
master of the college. Half term 
will be May 23 - 27 inclusive, 
and term will end cm Friday, 
July 1 1: The annual’ dinner for 
Old Alleynians will be held ax 
the college cm Tuesday, July is. 



Founder of mtemauonal 

children’s villages 


Dr Hermann 
founder of the miemat)^ 
charity. SOS ChiWrens \ii 
bees, and one of die 
StSssful wori tflsw dreWW 
of child welfare, died on Apni 
26. He was 66 

Hermann Gmerner ^ 
bom on June 23, 
father was a and^ 

moiher, An^nta- fJ^ 3 ^^ 
he was a young child. Buite 
had a happy childhood, one ol 
a large family cared fori* 
their father and the oldest 

As a young medical student, 
he returned to Innsbruck after 
the Second World War to 
witness the plight of ibe 
homeless children. 
rough in tbe city's bombea 

Gmeiser found a woman to 
care for them and raised 
enough money to buy them a 
house. Other houses were 
built alongside,' and the first 
SOS Children’s Village ai 
imst, outside Innsbruck, was 

He remained a bachelor ana 

gave up his medical studies to 
devote himself to the children. 

More villages followed and 
the idea spread across Europe. 

in the dw ntosnwra 



their bves. W» HemttBft 
Gmeincr’s oisamsanon. A 


_ fitntlv. a flOtnC a 


otherwise face a sovgsk-tb 
sanfrt • . 

Yhe movement -crono 

tcfeoJogscaJ bouiKb™^* 
village * n wcsicrn a " 

t,aiin .America, Africa toj 
A sa. 

Manv were also sci^l to 
cooe with <»ph»s « 

countries like VieuumvKow* 

and Bangladesh. 

Gmeiner was normttatetiW . 
Afoen Scftwvtcer for Hie riof 
be! Peace Prize andjwivg 
many honours. 

Silver Ba^of H?™**®* 
the Phpal Order of 5t CSregoiy 

223 SOS Chikfrttfs 
Villages and 400 associated 
projects are his most finite 



Mr Herbert Carr, former 
headmaster of Harrogate 
Grammar School and a prom- 
inent mountaineer, died on 
April 23, aged 89. 

Born on Jttiy 16. !896. he 
was educated at St PauTs 
School and Pembroke College, 

He taught at ABeyifs 
SchodL Dufwicb, from 1 927- 
31 before being appointed 
headmaster of Queen Eliza- 
beth Grammar School 
Penrith. From 1934 to 1960 he 
was headmaster at Harrogate. 

At Oxford, Cair rowed for 
his college; bat his lifelong 
passion was for mountaineer- 
ing. He was a member of the 
Alpine Gub from 1922 {vice- 
president 195 5), tbe Rucksack 
Club and the Climbers* Chib 
from 1925 (president 1954- 
57). ... 

He saw active service m two 
world wars: asa sobbeascaaot 
in the RNVR from 1915-19. 
and asa flight lieutenant ni foe 
RAFVR from 194044. 

Carr edited one classic 
among mountaineering 
books. The Mountains of 

Snowdonia (1925k wrore foe 
first rock-climbers* guide lo 
the Snowdon - area, 
Climbers' Guide to Snowdon 
end the Bedd&fen Dtsop 
(1926): and. 53 years on, be 
published The Irvine Dianes:, i 
the Enigma of Everest, an 
account of the ilMmed at- 
tempt on Everest: in 19 24 by 
Andrew Irvine and George 

. In 1925 he and severe! 
friends established the. first 
successful mountaineers* hut 
in Wales, Heiyg, in the OgMm 
- VaBey: ■ • 

Last June, aged nearly $9, 
ire was able, to return to the 
famcuis Phi y Gwiyd Hold as 
guest of honour at the cdebra> 
two of foe hut’s diamond 
jubdw. ; '• ■ 

He also inspired foe hook 
Hefyg, published : by . foe 
Climbers* last 

December, ‘ . 

Active to foe last Carr wu* 

working on a book, Halcy'on 
Bitja. foe • story of his eariy 
mountadneerittg exploits in 
Briraui.aid foe Afos. 


Professor Mircea EHadc; the - 
historian of .religions whose; 
work on Yoga is one of foe 
most authoritative -books on* 
foe subject died in Chicago on 
April 22. He was 79. 

He achieved worldwide 
prominence as a writer in foe 
broad field of comparative 
religion, an interest nurtured 
when, as a young student, of 
philosophy, he studied in 
India from 1928 to 1931 with 
Maharaja Sir 

Maxundrachandra Nundy of 

Eltade, who was bora in 
Bucharest, published his first 
article at the age of 14. He 
received his PhD from Bucha- 
rest University where be 
taught until 1 939; 

His studies in India did 
more than teach Biade the 
history and techniques of 
Yoga: they gave him his first 
understanding of the impor- 
tance of religion in the H&of 
ordinary men. 

Like many Romanians, be 
had tended to- despise foe 
worship of the Orthodox 
Church and foe religions of 
tbe peasants as superstition. 
But in India he came to see in 
official Hinduism and in more 
archaic -forms of religious life 
the importance, of religion for. 
man. “ 

Besides iiis: prodigious out- 
put as a writer on mythology 
and religious philosophy he' 

riro wrore- a sobstantial body 
ofmose fiction. -. • 

-The, best of this is foe 
handful of short stories which 
be wrote after 1 940 and which 
are largely concerned wkh the 
stn^tes of characwas' caught 
up in magical dislocations of 
time to preserve their 
indentity and int^ricy. 

Among these works. The 
Forbidden Forest, was his 
acknowledged favourite 

In foe realm of religion and# 
mysticism, his major works 
are: Yoga, Immortality and 
Freedom Patterns in Compar- 
ative Religion; The Myth of the 
Eternal Return a nd The So- 
credand the PrQfime. 

Hiade believed that modem 
man could not free himself 
from foe past since he was a 
product of that past, and foat 
the attraction of superstitions 
and taboos was ample evi- 
dence that we were still taunt- 
ed by deep-rooted religious 
memories; the myths of mod- 
em man- in books he read, the 
cinema ("that, dream 
factory"), and television, all in 
suspended time were but 
foretastes- Of immortality- . 

■ His - numerous books and $ 
articles, now . appear in 15 97 
languages, many of them in 
English. He tasght atChicago 
Univaaty from. 1956, and 
was : -a visiting- professor at 
numerous . academic 


Mr. Rupert Taylor, 7 OBE, 
TD, one of foe architects of 
the hospital dental service at 
foe inception of the-National 
Health Service, died oti April 
4 aged 80. 

An Irishman, educated in 
Waterford, he trained at the 
Royal Dental Hospital, Lon- 
don. and at. the Middlesex 

He commanded' 127 Light 
Field ’ Ambulance ■- and 146 
Reid Ambulance durmg the 
Second World War, was made' 
OBE (Mil) and was awarded 
the Territorial Decoration' 
with three bats. 

He was foe Hon Colonel of ■ 
the Medical Units 54" (East 
Anglia) Infantry Division - 
from 1959-66. 

Taylor played an important 
part in tire development .of 
oraland xnaxfllo&dal surgery; 
he co-founded the Oral Sur- 
gery Club-of Great Britain and. 

was its first hon sedataiy and, 
■eventually, its preadenu 
From 1948-62 he was dental 
member of foe London Execu- 
tive Council (National Health 
Service) of which he. was twice 

He wa&.on foe /steering 
committee of foe British Asso- 
Qiaiicm ofOraf TntwOralanci ^ 
MaxiUofaoal): Simeons, be-' 
cdmhre its president in 1965. 

In 1966 be was made presK 
deni. of. the .Odomological 
Section of the Royal Society of 
Medicine. ■ ' : - 

During foe eariy days of the 
National ^Health Service - he 
piayeda vital roiein establish- 
ing consatefot dentisiryinthe 
nation’s hospitals when - he 
was foe first chairman of foe 
Central Denial - Consohants 
rand Speaalists . Commfnee 
(now foe Central Committee 
, for. Hospital -Dental Services). 


lady Renton, wborendered . 
disunguished 'service to the: 
disabled through iier: chair- 
manship of DEMAND (De- 
sign and Manufacture' for: 
.Disability) and her presidency 
of GLAD. (Greater London 
Association for Disabled Peo- 
ple). died on April 2 f at foe' 

- Boin in i 923 she had served 
as a VAD nurse; during foe -■ 
Second World War and was. 
from 1953 to 1963, President . 
of foe Huntingdonshire Conn- 
ty Red Cross. 

She became DEMANDS 

first chairman -ht . 1.978 and 
brought to ifher fund raising 
slolls, m^sfoleadersltipand 
dedication to foe cause of the 
disabled.- • 

: ; Wfoeii GLAD's presidency 
fell-vacant- with the death of 
Sir. Ludwig Guttman in 1984, 
she was the natural .candidate 
to succeed him, serving gener - 1 
ou^y tintil ’ illness ^struck her 

. She is survived by. foer 
husband. Lord Remoii. 1dm- 
self presideni Of MB^CAP, 
-anfofofee daughters; -> 

•s ^ 




/ \ 





.. .. 

'-fo. Mr-f 


if IT 

: It OUt 

: thefr knowledge of 

• tete^^S WaS u a """to&of 
mtepfewces who expressed 

J“F « Jf"' of failore 

-•' * dee P haired of maths. 

■ : SSJL^?*- 8 2“ p«>8««Mte 

advanced its first proposition, 
that ] oaths educationi? ££l 
am has failed completely. 

. The cause of this failure was 

scaffloldets, who can compe- 
. .. solve problems of three^ 

'• fiSS SM ? a, l « eometr y. or 
- Pghion design students with 

U ^f £ry .<* P ro P°r- 
. BDpo^stul be unable . to get 
, u$G^ ataths qualifications? 
Itwis^Mfnt that people who 
v - have do dHflkplty with practi- 
cai mathematician nooethe- 
‘ less experience problems in 
:• learning the science as an 
abstraction;; .. 

Scientists in Britain and the 
: United Stales hare begun to 
J- study die process by which 
children acquire- mastery of 
v numbers. Then 1 research en- 
: faU&mnch patient exploration 
< of - the mental processes of 
children under five, as well as 
.■ an examination of the phe- 
nomenal mental .powers of 
1 some mathematical geniuses. 

: ' The cabaret artist who calls 
his act “Mathematics’' dem- 
onstrated how he could square 
... fern*- and five-digit numbers in 
. his head in a few seconds by a 
; system of breakup the. num- 
bers up into «m 1W compo- 
nents and working from left to 
. right — a technique common 
- among these of hk extraordi- 
nary ability. Learning mathe- 
matics proved to be a complex 
process which every child 
accomplished in- its own 
unique way. 

From this knowledge a new 
dawn In maths education' was 
predicted. At the De Beauvoir 
School in Islington juniors are 
taught niafhg by methods 
v which are designed to increase 
their crea ti vit y and motiva- 
■ tron. The former mathematics 
inspector fir London schools 
‘ mentioned that it was “lovely 
: getting rid of logarithms”, a 
sentiment which many would 
no doubt endorse. 

. - Tire programme was nnahle. 
to evalnate the pew teaching 
.. methods id the: long terns. It 
also chose not to enter the 
; mysterious area in which 
. maths initiates can venture to 
play with .abstract concepts 
.. pennaaeatly beyo nd th e grasp 
of the average CSE class. 

. Nevertheless, the docamenta- 
. ry opened up a vista of the 
.future of maths in schools 
which was optimistic and 

Celia Brayfieldi 

London denied 
the chance of 


•{ 'l*' J £? *y * L * f , f« « >r , fj . i . ? ■ 

, * 1 ! iS i * i ! 

-,-4 x 

: I » f’ 

Stephane MaDarme 
and His Artist Friends 
Royal Albert Memorial 
I Museum^ Exeter 

Richard Walter 

Norwich School of A rt 

The Hidden Face of 

■ Courtauld Institute 


Rich though London usually is in 
grand and varied art shows (though 
this year does not look much like 
living up to the splendours of last), 
there is at least one kind which used 
to be a regular part of metropolitan 
fere, but nowadays, if one can 

■ encounter it: at all, generally requires 
something of a trek out of town. That 
is what one might call the didactic 
show: one which sets out to argue a 
point makes connections, and gener- 
ally starts visitors thinking about how 
and why art is produced rather than 
just passively felting the finished 
result for granted. 

Two unusually, interesting exhibi- 
tions out of town at the moment fulfil 
these criteria, though happily there is 
also one shining example in London 
to make us regret that the others wfl] 
not be coming nearer than Exeter and 
Norwich respectively. . 

In Exeter, at the Royal Albert 
Memorial Museum until May 1 7, is a 
fine and enterprising show on the 
subject of St£phane Mallarme and 
His Artist Friends. Why Mallarme, 
one might ask, for there does not 
seem to be any particular topical or 
local peg on which to hang him. But 
the- show really needs no such 
justification, since the images it 
gathers are so fascinating in' them- 
selvesrFor one thing. Mallarme knew 
practically everybody who was any- 
body in. die Impressionist and Synvr 
bolist worlds, and a surprising 
number , of them worked with him, 
directly or indirectly, illustrating his 
own poetry or his translations (partic- 
ularly of Poe), or making pictures out 
of vejy Mallarmfcan themes, or 
sketching portraits of him and his 
friends for the popular magazines of 
the day. 

You do not need to be in any sense 
a specialist to enjoy Berthe Morisot's 
drypoint of water-lilies, so dose to 
Mallamfe's / own description, or 
Lucien Pissarro’s nursery-rhyme 

watercolours, or Manet’s tiny sketch- 
es for L’Apr6s~midi d'un Jaune let 
alone his darkly expressive illustra- 
tions for The Raven. And then there 
are examples of artists whom Mallar- 
m£ admired, such as Odilon Redon, 
represented by a superb collection of 
grrm and fanciful lithographs, and 
later illustrators of his works, such as 
Fernand Khnopft 

A very slightly greater degree of 
curiosity about Mauannd's world will 
be pleasingly and unexpectedly satis- 
fied by a collection of caricature or 
semi-caricature portraits of many of 
the principal figures from the pages of 
Les Bommes d’aujourd'kui, which 
contained images of interesting per- 
sonages by interesting and sometimes 
unlikely artists. Even more special, 
perhaps, will be the visitor who 
comes ready primed with curiosity 
about Zola’s art-world novel 
L'Oeuwe, and who in it is who. But 
the display pictorially explaining it all 
should recruit a few more readers — 
which is, presumably, an important 
part of what such a show is all about 

In Norwich, at the gallery of the 
School of Art is a show which should 
by rights be somewhere in London: 
Richard Walter Sickert puts on 
display until May 24 almost the 
whole of the Sickert Trust Collection 
belonging to Islington Libraries. You 
quite probably did not realize even 
that such a thing as the Sickert Trust 
and its collection existed — reason- 
ably enough, since the drawings and 
prints involved are seldom visible. 
They were, it seems, acquired from 
the artist's estate in 1947, to com- 
memorate a number of, in them- 
selves, rather tenuous connections 
with the borough. 

The prints are nearly all finished, 
but the drawings and occasional oil 
sketches are definitely chips from the 
work-bench — first ideas still to be 
worked out. or sketches all squared 
up ready for transfer to larger canvas. 
The point of showing all this material 
together is not only, often, to give the 
eye a treat, but also to make one think 
about the artist and his methods, his 
way of seeing and his ways of making 
pictures out of what be saw. The only 
area in which the show fens some- 
what short — no doubt because the 
material just is not in the collection — 
■is in its coverage of Sickert’s later 
works based on Press photographs or 
Victorian engravings. 

It would be useful to see for 
ourselves, for instance, exactly what 
the painting The Victor is based on, if 
it is indeed one of this series, as 
implied by the label But in general 
this is the perfect show for an art 
school to put on, and to lei the public 
at large in on. 

Back in London we can find the 
same sort of show, on a rather grander 
scale, at the Courtauld Institute 


■ . . j 

! -!r— 

! k-1 L 



[l L/ 

u j 

j*. * 

: * i 

| \ | 


• • I 

■A.3 _ 1=553 

1. 1 /40 




nrj k ^ 

• r- & 

_! ► 

: k \ 


— ■* — * — - 1 — • — r 

, » ; « r i « 

1 — r~j.— i — I h" i 

Galleries, where until June 1 5, thanks 
to the sponsorship of The Burlington 
Magazine (the April number of which 
also contains the catalogue) we are 
shown The Hidden Face of Manet. 
What this means is that a group of 
well-known Manet paintings (a cou- 
ple of them in the Courtauld's own 
collection) are subjected to X-ray 
examination, surrounded by sketches 
and alternative versions and kindred 
works, and made to deliver up their 
secrets about how Manet worked and 
what the sources of his inspiration 
were. Sometimes the answers are 
quite unexpected. 

Paintings like the Baltimore Cafe- 
concert, with its improvisatory dash 
and vigour, or the Burrell Collection 
LeJambon, simple and monumental 
may look as though they were painted 
in one go. but instead prove to have 
been exhaustively pondered over and 
reworked in order to seem so sponta- 
neous. Recent books have told us a 
lot about the evolution of The 
Execution of Maximilian in its 
various versions, or the roots of Le 
Dpeuner sur I'herbe in Renaissance 
prints, but it is still good to have it all 
spelt out before one. 

Too specialized, too soft-sell, for 
London? That is what they seem to 
have been saying lately. That is what 
they say, even, about the failure up to 
now of the wonderful Alfred Gilbert ' 
show at the Royal Academy to attract 
more than a tiny number of visitors. 
But surely we do not need to take too 
optimistic a view of our own level of 
culture to feel that such shows, even if 
they are not the stuff of which record- 
breakers are made, deserve and 
should easily be able to find a decent 
attendance in the capital, on purely 
Sybaritic grounds if no other. Perhaps 
we really do need Exeter or Norwich 
to show us the way. 

John Russell Taylor 

Fascinating glimpse of Sickert's 
way of working from squared-up 
sketch to canvas in St Jacques , 
Dieppe, The Faqade ; and Manet’s 
tiny sketches for Mallarme’s 
L ’Apres-midi d'un fount 



Massenet ventures out of his element 

. i - * 'I 



i&r 'WSl. 

Teatro delFOpera, 
Rome . 

The Teatro deirOpera certain- 
ly cannot be accused of stick- 
ing to the war-horses of the 
Italian repertory: so far this 
season we have had strongly-. 
; cast productions of Cheru- 
bini's Demophoon, Gluck’s 
IphSgenie en Tauride and now 
Massenet’s Herodiade. This 
enjoyed a great success at its 
premiere in 1881 — predating' 
Manon by three years and 
Werther by 11 — but has 
latterly disappeared almost 
without .trace; the Rome per- 
formances showed why. 

H&odiade is a fo ur-act 
grand opera with a libretto 
based on Flaubert's treatment 
of the Salome story — Salome 
loves John the Baptist, who in 
this ■ version loves her . in 
return; Herod lusts after Salo- 
me; to the disgust of Herod ias. 
who is however more con- 
cerned with the elimination of 
John, who has denounced her 
for her sinful ways. 

This pseudo-biblical : cock- 
tail of revenge, sex and reli- 
. gion offered Massenet plenty 
of opportunities to create 
vivid characters locked ip 
. conflict, but he failed; Herodi- 
as is protagonist m name only. 

" mSm 

immaculate Hn< l very nearly convincing: Jos£ Carreras with Montserrat Caballe 

cosy world of operetta. The rise above the level of general- 
big choruses strive , for gran- ized lyricizing. In short, the 

as is protagonist m name only, deur but remain simply gran- grand-opera format was pre- 
since her rasp and cruelty lie. diose; the lush orchestration cisely the opposite of what 
outside Massenet's musical tries to compensate in size fin- Massenet needed to fire his 

vocabylarv- Similarly the what it lacks in focus. imagination: his peculiar ial- 

crazed. neurotic Herod , is a This . leaves Salome and ents were for the small-scale 

nonentity .whose obsession John as the centre of attention, and the intimate, 

with Salome is represented by Much of their music is vocally Not surprisingly, the pro- 
s' recurrent lilting phrase " ^ J 1 

which belongs more to the 

imagination: his peculiar tal- 
ents were for the small-scale 
and the intimate. 

Not surprisingly, the pro- 

haywasd gallery 





; ;V Apmwis : .4 

reiuvu ur ujw** uiuoiw w bLupjJbiu^y, use iJiir 

gratifying but rarely dramatic duccr Antonio Calenda did 
in any specific way, failing to D ot manage to turn Herodiade 
■■■ • I into a vital or credible drama. 

■ — although unnecessary monot- 

. . ony was added by the fixed- 

|X jf T17PV columns-witb-cydorama set 

* (Nicola RuberteRi and Mario 

INFORMATION 01-261 W27 ^ f orce d sU the 

' action into the same unchang- 

f £ ing centre-stage space. Gian- 

I i I luigi Gelmetli conducted con 

. . brio, but often encouraged Ihe 

■ Bit . Otherwise creditable orchestra 

jp mri " . to play too loudly. 

Montserrai Cabalfe is no- 
J body’s idea of what Salome 

iV VJr ff should look like, but it 

' . . mattered much 1 ess in this 

ID EUROPEAN ART opera than ft would in Richard 

pianissimi much in evidence. 
But she often seemed uv 
consider her task to be that of} 
detached vocal technician 
rather than committed per- 

Juan Pons was a mellifluous 
and idiomatic Herod, and 
tried bard to inject some 
interest into the character. 
The young Anna Plagianos, 
replacing Agnes Baltsa's re- 
placement at ' short notice, 
sang well as Heredias, al- 
though with insufficient 
weight and presence. PhanueL 
the plot's general factotum, 
was firmly and incisively sugn 
by the bass Feruccio Fur- 

But the undisputed honours 
went to Jose Carreras as John 
the Baptist, immaculately 
turned out in evenly-frayed 
sackcloth. He encompassed 
the big moments with full- 
throated ease and inflected the 
tender passages with great 

U|Aia p - - iCUUCT .1 wigi 

Strauss's She started hesitant- eloquence. He almost made 
Jy and unevenly, improving to one take the music seriously. 

SSTiSSSSSS Nigel Jamieson 





QPOQ may suggest an alter- 
native OPEC but in feet 
identifies the Quentin Poole 
Oboe Quartet whose London 
debut followed much touring 
elsewhere for the Countess of 
Munster Musical Trust A 
sociable variety of taste in- 
cluded Schubert nibbing sho- 
ulders with a kind of Gallic 
ragtime from Jean Francaix, 
and Mozart with Ivor Nov- 1 
ello, some 15 or so of whose 
show-tunes had been woven , 
by Mr Poole into a pleasantly | 
nostalgic tapestry he called 
Starlight Rhapsody. 

Whether as oboist or giving 
the cor anglais an uncommon- 
ly ebullient excursion in the 
Francaix Quatuor ; Mr Poole 
was never less than exemplary 
in technique and character. 

His was a prima donna role 
in the oddly-named Cantata 
for oboe quartet by Oliver 
Knussen, and he was comple- 
mented by his string col- 
leagues with a polished 
assurance that in Mozart and 
Schubert verged on blandness. 

Reunited in 1981 after all 
had left the USSR, where they 
first formed 10 years ago, the 
Tchaikovsky Trio sounded at 
times wayward and over- 
driven. Beethoven's Op l No 
I was played with a suave 
veneer a touch too sophisticat- 
ed for the music's ingenuous 
character, and the brtezy-to- # 
gusty spirit of its finale was 
intensified in an often fierce 
and piano-dominated ap- 
proach to Brahms's Op 101 in 
C minor. 

A closer kinship with Sho- 
stakovich was evident in his E 
minor Trio. Op 67. expressing 
the music’s acknowledged as- 
sociations with wartime trage- 
dy and angry remonstrance. 
Here the players’ range of 
individual tone and dynamic 
control, as well as intensity 
under the tempestuous sur- 
face, gave breadth of character 
to the music and wrought an 
eloquent fearfulness is the 
danse macabre of the work’s 

Noel Goodwin 



Joe Cocker 



The vulnerability that ac- 
counts for so much that is 
great in Joe Cocker’s bared- 
soul singing style has been 
translated in the past both to 
triumphs, as with his stirring 
performance in the Wood- 
stock film, and disaster, as 
when he fell over drunk on a 
Melbourne stage in 1972. 
Thus there is always a distinct 
sense of worry attached to the 
prospect of a Cocker concert, 
and his current album, a mish- 
mash of “tasteful” MOR tat, 
did little to allay such fears. 

Unfortunately, the newest 
material was the most heavily 


Out of character 


Festival Hall 

One minor mystery of this 
London Philharmonic Or- 
chestra season is why Chris- 
toph Eschenbach is set on 
conducting flamboyant 
French. Russian and Slavonic 
pieces when nearly every in- 
terpretative gesture he makes 
suggests he would be happier 
directing solid performances 
of mainstream Austro-Ger- 
man repertoire. One suspects 
his Telemann tafelmusik 
would be exquisite, bis Mozart 
tastefully shaped, his Brahms 
conscientiously serious. 

But Berlioz's Le Camaval 
Romain Overture? This ac- 
count was more pensive than 
party-like, at least in the cor 
anglais’s preamble, and even 
at the saliarello's height more 
impressive for its lightweight 
neatness than for the custom- 
ary evocation of giddy, gaudy 

Paradoxically, part of the 
problem is that Eschenbach 
tries so hard to invest individ- 
ual phrases with expressive 
nuances. Consequently, long- 
term momentum is jeopar- 
dized. That was particularly 
evident in Tchaikovsky's 
Symphony No 5. a work 
which certainly does not re- 
quire its emotional message 
writ any larger. In the opening 
movement Eschenbach lin- 

gered over passages that really 
needed a passionate thrust 
onward. More frustrating still 
was his plan for the Andante 
camabile: he worked the 
strings through their purple 
sequences with commendable 
zest, onlv to institute a dimin- 
uendo just before the natural 
climax. Subtleties like these 
Tchaikovsky does not need. 

Yet Eschenbach is far better 
than the label of “ pianist- 
rum ed -conductor” suggests. 
Where he concentrated on 
good ensemble and careful 
balance, as in the properly 
melancholic waltz, the orches- 
tra played well for him. But 
elsewhere there was some 
coarse instrumental blending, 
and the solo horn bad an 
unlucky evening. 

Earlier Eschenbach bad du- 
tifully given us the opening 
orchestral ritomello of Cho- 
pin's First Piano Concerto in 
its entirety: quite a rare treat, 
if that is the right word. When 
James Tocco finally put digits 
to ivories he revealed an 
unpretentious but well-groo- 
med technique, limited varia- 
tion in tone, but plenty of 
ideas about rubato. The lack 
of spaikle in his passagework 
hardly made for a crackling 
Krakowiak of a finale, but he 
compensated with some love- 
ly, half-veiled sonorites which 
chimed like distant bells at the 
heart of the Romance. 

Richard Morrison 

Astonishing virtuosity 

Francois Rabbath 

Wigmore Hall 

Extraordinary is about the 
only word which seems ade- 
quate to describe the playing 
of the French double-bass 
virtuoso Francois Rabbath. It 
does not often happen that the 
marriage between his chosen 
instrument and its executant 
is as near perfect as this was; 
even the likes of Gary Karr 
often have trouble in the 
upper register which the solo 
player needs to exploit heavi- 
ly, and patchy results are often 
masked with showmanship. 
Rabbath is also a showman, 
though of the most endearing 
kind, and moreover nothing 
seems beyond his technical 

His show is helped by a 
genial style of presentation 
that one might think too 
casual until he starts to play. 
Naturally there were lashings 
of Gallic charm, but that did 
not detract from the feci of 
Rabbath's astonishing control 
over the sounds he made. 
Never have I heard the double 
bass sing as beautifully, and 
never have 1 encountered high 
harmonics, and indeed every 
sound-colour, produced so 

featured, and did not prove 
the best vehicle for Cocker's 
variable talent. With a capable 
eight-piece band, and an unre- 
liable sound mix. he strolled 
through pleasant mid-taste de- 
signer soul-struck rock num- 
bers like “A to Z" and “Don't 
Drink the Water”. 

His fece now looks as 
careworn as his gravely voice 
has always sounded and, like 
Van Morrison, he is now an 
undisguised middle-aged per- 
former who has left behind all 
the rock and roll trappings of 
bis youth, except the gift of a 
marvellous voice. His awk- 
ward. thrusting arm-motions, 
for so long a barometer of the 
intensity of his delivery, have 
now been brought under con- 
trol but there was still a 
physicality to his performance 
as be stood stiff-backed with 
bis belly thrust ouL 

When he chose to recall the 

confidently and (usually) 

If there was a catch to all of 
this it was that most of the 
music that Rabbath played 
( some of it in league with the 
pianist Susan Bradshaw) was 
his own, and intellectually 
challenging it is noL Even so. 
its very naivety — you might 
simply call it honesty — made 
it attractive. 

There was. for instance, 
“Poucha Dass”, a pastiche of 
Indian raga that authentically 
recreated the timbres of that 
genre, while the most touching 
piece of the evening was surely 
“L’Odysee d’eau” a vivid, 
blatantly propagandist work 
directed against the practice of 
whale-hunting. Then “Reitba 
(Afrique)” vividly evoked a 
North African desert mirage, 
and the phenomenal exuber- 
ance of ”Breiz” really did 
reach the realms of what one 
has hitherto thought physical- 
ty impossible. Still more un- 
canny. though, was the 
mellifluous ease and deep 
understand with which Rab- 
bath gave the slow move- 
ments from two Bach Cello 
Suites. Now that really was 
something incredible. 

Stephen Pettitt 

past, as with the carnival soul- 
siomp of “Feelin' Alright” or 
Dylan's boogie “Watchin’ the 
River Flow”, it was strictly a 
trip down memory lane, with 
staid arrangements and per- 
formances failing to match 
past glories. Only when he 
turned his hand to the big sou] 
ballads was it apparent that 
Cocker is still a singer capable 
of deep expression. Jimmy 
Cliffs “Many Rivers to 
Cross" brought out a terrible 
sadness in his voice, and an 
encore of “The Moon’s a 
Harsh Mistress”, sung with 
piano accompaniment only, 
prompted the best vocal per- 
formance of the evening. 

SadJy. he did not sing the 
splendid “Up Where We 
Belong”, but did not dare to 
exclude “With a Little Help 
from My Friends”. 

David Sinclair 



In this fast and often furious world, 
the Last thing you need is a headache. 

But when you have, you need a strong 
solution. Take full strength Tramil 500, for 

Each capsule contains 500mg of para- 
cetamol, an analgesic doctors prescribe. And 
it’s gentle on your stomach. 

It’s particularly fast-acting, too. 

So it'LL knock out your headache in no time. 



■d that 
not to 
■ties in 



i of all 

ty, the 
i Har- 
it UK 
ige op- 

□g the 
to the 

<RG * 

• ary 












fro n: 


as c 
the c 

the t 

and - 
but i 

a la 
do, i 
of i 

court ti 
«s vitls 

our Cj 





and im 
full bre 
hotel c 
your o' 
For re 


as l' 

























Museum shuns 
auction of 
treasure from 

From Geraldine Norman, Amsterdam 

The cargo of the Geldcr- 
malsen. a Dutch East- India- 
nan which sank in 1 752. came 

under Christie's hammer in 
Amsterdam yesterday in spite 
of the leading museum in 
Holland boycotting the sale in 
protest against (he lack of 
scientific method in recover- 
ing archaeological material. 

The Rijksmuseum in Am- 
sterdam has called on the 
Dutch Government to intro- 
duce laws to govern the sal- 
vage of ancient wrecks, citing 
the British Maritime Protec- 
tion Act. 1973. as setting an 

Meanwhile. Mr Michael 
Hatcher, his two partners, and 
their team of 1 0 divers look set 
to receive about £8 million 
from the week-long sale. The 
Dutch Govern menu as repre- 
sentatives of the Dutch East 
India Company which owned 
the ship, will get 10 percent of 
the proceeds. 

The diving team's rescue of 
16S.000 items of procelain 
and 125 gold bars from the 
wreck in the South China Sea 
has sparked imagination 

Bidders have poured into 
Amsterdam, with 20.000 peo- 
ple viewing the safe, queuing 
for up to 2‘ ; hours in the rain 
to see the treasure. At one 
point the queue stretched 
1 00yd. 

‘Orgy for souvenir 
hunters" decried 

One London dealer had 
come to make bids of up to 
£100.000 from enthusiasts 
who ha\e never bought porce- 
lain before, and a Women’s 
Institute in a Somerset village 
sent representatives to buy 
one Iol to be shared out later. 

But Mr Bast KisL manne 
archeaologist at the Rijks- 
museum in Amsterdam, said 
the sale was a souvenir 
hunter's orgy and likened it to 
the crude treasure hunting in 
Egyptian tombs in the nine- 
teenth century. 

A careful scientific record of 
all the material recovered 
should have been made, as 
was common practice with 
digs on land, he said. History 
was being lost and the pro- 
ceeds would go only to finance 
further unscientific recoveries 
and a further loss of knowl- 
edge. Mr Kist said. 

Bui Mr Hatcher, who led 
the salvage work, said the 
museum's reaction was “sour 
grapes". He agreed that his 
proceeds would be used to 
finance another treasure hunt. 

He said that historical 
records have already been 
studied to pinpoint the next 

Gold found under 
stoneware jug 

His team intends to start 
survey ing next month. “Heav- 
en knows what we will find. U 
was such a busy trading route 
that there are likely to be 
wrecks of many nationalities 
and eras." 

The first lot in the sale, a 
German stoneware jug cov- 
ered in se3 encrustation, went 
to Mr Hatcher for £2.894 
against an estimate of £210 — 
£3b8. He explained; “I dived 
for it and the next diver found 
the gold underneath." A group 
of seven wine bottles soared to 
£2.789 against an estimate of 
£78- £157. 

The selling of Chinese por- 
celain began with blue and 
white vomit pots, shaped like 
children's ponies, which aver- 
aged around £789 apiece 
where £131 — £184 had been 

The morning safe finished 
with spectacular large blue 
and white dishes decorated 
with swimming fishes and 
flowers. The highest price was 
£23.684 paid by S.H.Ong of 
Singapore, the business brains 
behind the salvage venture, on 
behalf of the three partners 
who mounted it — himself. Mr 
Hatcher, and Mr Max de 
Rham. a Swiss surveyor. 

A disaster narrowly avoided as this empty 53-seat coach crashed through railings earl y yesterd ay and coach.” 

London to Plymouth railway line at Teignmouth, Devon. Police believe the accident occurred as thieves tned to steal the -regjsterea 

Tories struggle with 
Libya factor in polls 

Continued from page I 

erabie concern among minis- 
ters. who are desperately 
hoping that it will fade as an 

More than 60 per cent of 
voters in both constituencies, 
including nearly 34 per cent of 
declared Conservative voters, 
disapproved of the Govern- 
ment's decision to allow Amer- 
ican aircraft at British bases to 
take part in the strike against 

More significantly, 67 per 
cent of the people who have yet 
to decide bow to vote — some 
17 per cent in each constituen- 
cy — are opposed to British 
support, and their votes could 
conceivably cost the Conserva- 
tives both contests. 

Mr Kinnock said of the 
survey findings: "We are in 
the home straight, gaining 
fasL AVe have moved forward 
13 per cent in West Derby- 
shire which puts os in touching 

distance. Only a small move- 
ment of votes would do it" 

Mr Matthew Parris, the 
former Conservative MP 
whose resignation caused the 
by-election, said that all three 
candidates had everything to 
play for. It sounded extraordi- 
nary but it was even possible to 
imagine a Labour candidate 
winning Derbyshire West be 

In that constituency 30.5 per 
cent of voters said the 
Government’s handling of the 
Libyan situation had made 
them less likely to vote Con- 
servative, while in Ryedale the 
figure was 24.4 per cent Only 
6.9 per cent said it had made 
them more likely to vote 

According to the pofl, about 
14 per cent of 1983 Conserva- 
tive voters in Ryedale and 
some 18 per cent in Derby- 
shire West are planning to 
switch to the Alliance. 

Rural charter, page 2 

EEC budget crisis 

Spending horrifes Lawson 

From Richard Owen, Luxembourg 

EEC governments face the 
highly unwelcome prospect of 
being asked to pay more as the 
Community heads for over- 
spending of this year's budget 
by nearly £3 billion. 

M Pierre Pflimlin. the Presi- 
dent of the European Parlia- 
ment, told the Council of 
Ministers it was absurd to try 
and fix the 1987 budget guide- 
lines when the 1986 budget 
was still not agreed. Mr 
Henning Christophersen, the 
Budget Commissioner, is ex- 
pected to announce formally 
the Com mission's supplemen- 
tary 1986 budget plan this 

At a meeting of EEC finance 
m inisters yesterday, it 
emerged that budget require- 
ments were threatening to 
send expenditure crashing 
through the 1.4 per cent 
ceiling on national VAT con- 

tributions, the present legal 
limit for EEC revenues. 

Mr Nigel Lawson, the Brit- 
ish Chancellor of the Exche- 
quer, said there was a “horrific 
potential overrun" on EEC 
expenditure. Officials said the 
budgetary discipline guide- 
lines, which Britain was in- 
strumental in formulating 
only last year, now appeared 
to be unworkable and the 
alternatives available were eir 
ther to cut back on the funding 
of social and regional pro- 
grammes or breach the 1.4 per 
cent ceiling and ask member 
governments to contribute 

Most finance ministers dis- 
missed the second alternative 
as out of hand. But M 
Edouard Bahadur, the French 
Finance Minister, said despite 
the undoubted importance of 
budget discipline the Council 
of Ministers would have to 

show "some flexibility”. West 
German officials also indicat- 
ed that the EEC should have 
to adjust to the real world 

Yesterday die Commission, 
using Parliament's figures as a 
base, called for a supplemen- 
tary budget of more dost £! 
billion, ft, and the Parliament, 
insists extra spending is need- 
ed because of the cost of EEC 
enlargement, social and re- 
gional spending, the fen in die 
dollar, the farm price package 
agreed last week, the cost of 
selling food surpluses,' the 
recent realignment of die EMS 
(European MonetarySysem), 
and ambitious SC technol- 
ogy research projects. 

Even before its supplemen- 
tary budget was mooted, the 
Commission had spent £837 
million more than the £18.7 
. billion the Gumcil of Minis; 
lers had estimated. 


A drtfK wBef privacy 

tfaowi tfte fast joernev 

« ta &*Ssfc 
bene tins afternoon frem { 
Game's Chapels WMj*: 
its rest beside that of b 
hssfemri at Frogmere. 

OoSy tor «**«**. 
Qwcew. the Duke M » 
taSfcasd the Ptwce 
Princess of Walts, ,are r- 
ed te Accompany I **}« 
MWaC ia the W 
dynasty's fawi'J 

prime roads fax 
sue. to a dot 

SS Irf* 


will be hidden by - 

see their fa' 1 * * 
this !■*«*£?* ScsfiH 
Hoosc of W >lW,sor viPbt 


Q«co } li/ahetn 
Mother, widely pm 
the Duchcv* •* mow 
Me opponent, has po* _ 
previous eng3ge««d ^ 
among the mourners* mw 
wiH be no trapping „ 

The service will be 
ed by die Rt Ro? 

Mann. Dean of w uww^i 
chaplain to the Queen, r ~ 
blessing will be jti'en -j 

Archbishop of Canterbmji W: 
Robert Rancie. ■ ’ 

The order of sendee • 
similar to that emptowj 
die Duke's funeral in I97^< 
shorn of all panoply 
The Duke was king, ! 
the Duchess was merely 

Among the mourners wffll 
members of the Ducheo 
personal staff from her 
in Paris. _ 

• PARIS; The Duchess' i 
Windsor was just tike MW. , 
body else, a memorial scrtict 
at the American Cathedral 
was told in Paris yestenbjr- 
she was no saint, she has W- 
against tempfat 
and "ber hat. so to speak, 
not always on straight. 1 * 

Dean James Lao spoke m m-\ 
the "courage and fortitude ; 
with which the Duchess 
doted “fingering suffering" id 
her last years. 

Today's events 

Royal engagements 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother attends a Service in 
Westminster Abbey to mark the 
O00ih anniversary „ of the 
Domesday Book. 10.55. 

Princess Anne opens the new. 
Institute of London Under- 
writers Building. LeadcnhaJI Sl 
EC1. 1 1.30: and later, visits the 
“Common Ground Inter- 
national" exhibition at the 
Natural History Museum. SW7. 
5.30: then, as President of the 
Save the Children Fund, attends 
a Fashion Show to mark the 
Golden Birthdav of Simpsons. 
Piccadilly. Wl. 7.30. 

The Duke of Gloucester. 
President. National Association 
of Boys' Clubs, visits Brampton 
Boys Club. Brampton. Cumbria. 

and several boys' clubs in the 
area. 4: and later attends a 
dinner to mark the Golden 
Jubilee of the Cumbria Associ- 
ation of Boys' Cubs. Tithe 
Bamc. Carlisle. 7.50. 

The Duchess of Gloucester. 
Colonel-in-Chief. Royal Army- 
Education Corps, visits the 
RAEC centre at Beaconsfield- 

The Duke of Kent. Patron of 
the Leukaemia Research Fund, 
attends a reception to celebrate 
the 25th anniversary of the 
Fund. St James's Palace. SW1. 

New exhibitions 

Paintings, drawings and 
monotypes by Simon Nicholas: 
Gallery 3. Smith's Galleries. 33a 
Shelton St. Wl: Mon to Sun 1 1 
to 7 (ends May 10). 

Menschenbilder - The Face of 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,032 


I Royal house physician in 
charge of lozenges (7). 

5 Links, say. motor with cur- 
rent bv a lead to star, with 

9 Verbosity' is spreading {*>). 

10 Villa taken by this univer- 
sity as a club (5). 

11 Intelligible to detectives by 
mid-clue (5). 

*■* «#■ nrar i-m fnr a Tff- 

4 Peanuts in poultry diet? (7- 


5 A responsibility for its car- 
rier (3). 

6 All set to study your first 
loner 15). 

7 The National comes to life 
at Canal Turn (7). 

8 Fish spear for hire? IS). 

13 Try and call tune, as or- 
dered. but without enthu- 
siasm ( I ). 

Mankind by Alfred Hrdlicka: 
Leinster Fine Art, Fourth Floor, 
3 Clifford St. Wl; Mon to Fti 10 
to 6. Sat 1 1 to l (ends June 4). 

Drawings by Guercino; 
Ashmolean Museum. Beau- 
mont St. Oxford; Tues to Sat 10 
to 4. Sun. May 5 and May 26, 2 
to 4 (ends June 22). 

The New Spiri u Patrons, 
artists and the University of 
Leeds in the 20th Century: 
University Gallery. Leeds: Mon 
to Fri 10 to S, closed May 5, 26 
and 27 (ends June 20). 

Spring Time - In Oil and 
Watercolours; New Gallery. 
Abete Tree House. 9 Fore St. 
Budleigh Salterton. Devon: 
Tues to Sat 10 to 5 (ends May 
31 1. 


Piano recital by Marina 
Horak: St Martin-in-the-Fields. 
Trafalgar Square. WC2, 1.05. 

African Music by Dade 
Krama: Riverside Studios. 
Cnsp Rd. W6. 8.30. 

Recital by Virginia Rushton 
(soprano) and Ann Bond (harph 
Southwark CathedraL SE 1. 1. 10. 

Trio Recital by Amanda 
Hollins (flute). Dale Culliford 
(cello). Petra Casen (piano): 
Lauderdale House. Highgate 
Hill. N6. 8. 

Flute recital by Colin 
O'Reilly: Wesley’s ChapeL City 
Rd, ECI. 12.30. 

Musica Transalpina (1588) 
and beyond by the Zephyr 
Consort St George's Church. 
Hanover Sq. W|. 7.30. 

Concert by The Light Blues: 
The Law Society. 1 1 3 Chancery 
Lane. WC2_ 6.30. 

Recital by the Chapel Singers 
of The Hague: Canterbury 
Cathedral. 12. 

Recital by James Clark (vi- 
olin) and Susan Tomes (piano): 
Si David s Hall, Cardiff. 1.05. 

Recital by Jessie Ridley (vi- 
olin) and John Savory' (piano): 
Ipswich Town Hall. 12.15. 

Jazz concert by Cayenne; 
South Hill Park Arts Centre. 
Bracknell. Berkshire. 8. 

Organ recital by Christopher 
Tolley: Winchester College- 
7.30. . 

Recital by the Bristol Liniver- 
sit> Madrigal Society: Bristol 
Cathedral. College Green. 1.15. 

Talks, lectures, films 
Halley’s Comet by Patrick 
Moore: Great Hail. Queen Mary 
College. Mile End Rd. El. 12.30. 

The World Bank: problems 
and prospects by Stanley Please 

TV top ten 

National top tan tdavisai programmes in 
tf* weak eodff»g April 20 : 


1 E88tEnders(Ttnj/Sun) 21.20m 

2 EastEnder*(Tue/Sun) 2030m 

3 Three Up. Two Donvn 14.S5m 

4 A Question of Sport 14.05m 

5 Dallas 13.15m 

6 Antiques Roadshow 13.10m 

7 Tomorrow's World 1235m 

8 fine O’clock News film) 11.85m 

9 Hofiday 98 11.40m 
10 That's Ute 1025m 


1 Coronation Street (Wed) Grenada 
1 6.75m 

2 Coronation Street (Mon) Grenada 

3 AufWisdereehen Pet OantraM 5.10m 

4 Ashanti ITV 15-05m 

5 Crossroads (Tue) Central l3D0m 
Crossroads (Wed] Centra! 1320m 

7 Catchphrese TVS 1255m 

8 Crossroads (Thu) Central 1265m 

9 Emmenlaie Farm (Tlb) Yorkshire 

10 BoCOy Davro on the Box TVS 

BBC 2 

1 Joan Rivers: Can We Talk? 6.60m 

2 Rod Mams Cartoon Tkne 6.15m 

3 Forty Minutes 5.90m 

4 Pot Back -86 5.05m 

5 International Snooker (S im 3)05) 

6 MASH 4.55m 

7 International Snooker (Sat 21.04) 

8 SyM(WM)420m 
Gardeners World 420m 

10 Seaview 4.15m 

Channel 4 

1 Brookside l Mon/Sat) 655m 

2 Brookside (Tue/Sat) 6.05m 

3 The Wooden Horse 420m 

4 Cheers «20m 

5 Royaky325ni 

6 Because You're Mine 320m 

7 We> Being 3.15m 

8 Countdown (Fn) 3.05m 

9 Countdown flue) 295m 

10 Countdown (Wed/Thu) 2.90m 

Breakfast teio vt s tare The average 
weekly tigiwes tor audiences at peak 
times (with figures m parenthesis 
showing the reach - the number of people 
who viewed ter at least three minutes): 

B8C1: Breakfast TTma. Mon to Fri 
t.7m (9.0m) 

TV- am: Good Monti w Bntam Man to Fri 
2.5m (11. 7m) Sat 2 3m (65m) 

Sun 1.4m 

Broadc ast ers Audience Research Board. 


London and the Sooth Eat Mlft 

A1: Roadworks, tong delays onap- 
proeches to roundabout outstda British 
Aerospace. HaOMO. »Mr Contreltow ato 
delays E bound between. jtrefcona 8/9 
(Mmdenhaad) and 10 (Wokn^mmL 
7Jm»flBnd»M6:C0fitiaftow between 
junction* 15 and 16 (Stoke on Trwt) 
because of nm af a cing work. MS: Roeth 
works between junctions 4 (A38 
Bromsgrovo) and 5 (A38 Orottwidrt. A46tt 
Delays «tue to roadworks Just off Jundten 
11 ol M6. Sharehil. 

Watca end die Week A479; Roadworks 
with sltamate single Rne traffic. Maanvi 
Abbe y. Dy nast A377 : Road widertea 
and tomporaiy fights of Bontoy Rd, 
Ex^er. A38: Repars to Tamar Bridge. 
Saltash ckse one lane 9 am - 3 pm and 6 
~ 10 pm.. ... . . ._ 

The NoiUc M61: Lane closures cm both 
carriageways due to wort on new lutetion 
at BlacowBndga, Walton SumrrtL A St 
Road work, temporary fights and possteta 
delays at Whbdey UWge. N Yorkshire. 
Diversions at < 

Qtasgmc Mitchefl St ckeBd to thrtnmh 
traffic between Gordon St and Argy# St 

i to Livingston, aversions. 

an so pp C ed by the AA 

Parliament today 

Comneas (2.30): Finance 
Bill, second reading. 

Lords (130): Gas Bill, 
committee (second day); Pat- 
ents. Designs and Marks Bill 
and Sex Discrimination BiU, 
third reading. 


Births: Sir Thomas Beechara, 
St Helens, Lancashire, 1879; 
Andrew Young, poet. Eton. 
1885; Sir Malcolm Sargent, 
Ashford. Kent, 1895; Duke 
Ellington. Washington. 1899. 

Deaths: John Cleveland, poet, 
London, 1658: George Far- 
qahar, dramatist. London. 
1707; Constantinr Cavafy, poet, 
Alexandria. Egypt, 1933. 

Times Portfolio Gold rules are as 

1 Times Portfolio (9 tree. Purcttue 
or The Times is not a condition or 
laldng part. 

2 Times Porlfllta list comprises a 
group of public w a wni w 
sham are listed on me Sock 
Exrhaiw and quoted in The Times 
Slock Exchange- onres paub The 
companies comprsino that iw wm 
change from day lo . The lnj 

k numbered 1 - 44) la divided 

Prices Page b not mAfWwO u» 
normal way Times Portfolio 
suspended rgr mat day. 

- Haw a ptsy - Mr P fir iti— a 
On cacti day your unique set of etgtd 
numbers witf repnesem con y nc r rtaf 
and industrial shares published in The 
Times Portfolio ust which win appe a r 
on Ute Sock Exchange Prices page. 

in the cafumns provided next to 
your shares note the mice change »+ 
*" ' ■»* ranlKhufi In ttkft 



A deep depression near 
Iceland win maintain a 
cool showery airstream 
over N and W districts, 
while a weak ridge of high 
pressure develops over S 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE England, East to- 
brighter andmainfy 
; wind SWI^ht or moderate; max 
temp 14C (£ 

Central S, E, central N, NE 
En^and, MkJtonds, Ctaranel Is- 
tonos. Borders, Edhtburah, Dun- 
dee, Aberdeen, Moray firth, NE 
Scotland: Sunny periods and scat- 
tered showers; wind SW or 
moderate; max temp 13C (55F). 

SW, NW England, Wakre, Lake 
District, Me of Maze Sunny inter- 
vals and showers* some heavy; 
wind SW light or moderate: max 
temp 12C(54B. 

SW, NW Scotland, Glasgow, 
Central Kghbnds, Argyfl, N Ire- 
land; Sunny intervals and showers, 
some heavy and prolonged with 
thunder; wind S to SWjjaht or 
moderate; max temp 11C (52F). 
Orkney, Stattaud: Rain clearing, 
and drier wind 
or moderate; 

for tomorrow and Thurs- 
day: Showers wfl mostly <Se out as 
cloud and ram spread info the N and 

W of Britten. 


SJWanr & 2 Dpm 

bJtitae jW Wtif L, 

thandersionn; ^ . mm ^ 

y toWtre 3.46 
ccsiisraM.- . JTHanmnaredfni ‘ 

2.13 am 
last gustor May i. 


Around Britain 

Lighting-up time 


SunRate . Max 

hrs in' r.C . F 

Loadon&SOpmn&IBam . 

Bristol 9D0 pm to 5.15vn . 
Ed W W 9.17 patio 5.02 am 
ManchwIBT 9-05 pm to 5J7 ani 
Pwan 9U8 pm to &31 am 


OA jtn 8 46 drtatia 
20 CIO 10 80 dbfi 
- - 8 46 log 




TsnperahXBS at midday yestadar a 
eftwd; f. ter: r, mki: s. swl 


Batfast f 11 52 Oucmay f 1050 

c 1152 tewma sa r 948 

r 948 Janwy til 52 

C 1152 Lflodon f 1457 

CmSM r 948 firoebnar c 846 

fid Wm igh no 50 NnrniU e 845 

Gtangow e 948 FFoldmuy r 846 

The nnimd 


vmumta ■ 


4 S 


Sandown 04 
ShankSft 10.1 
Buurummto no 
Poote 62 

Snoaga 112 
WaymwOi 109 
EX m aaft 06 
Tafgnmogtft 3L3 
TonpijF . 2.4 

“ ’ " 04 

M 10 50 mo 
■35 9 48 r*jn 

.64 T1 
21 13 

-11 13 

21 13 

22 14 

23 16 

24 15 
21 16 

- 14 

- 18 

- 15 

- « 

- 13 

- 11 

- to 

- 11 . 
-12 10 

52 «in 
55 an 
55 dowdy 
S' doudy 
57 Cfcixw 
61 dowdy 
59 douoy 
50 sunny 
57 sunny 
SB sonny 
59 sunny 

53 bright 
S mmy 
52 smw 
52 dowefr 
50 cfaufy 

Sunfldn Max 
hrs in C F 

62 21 10.50 

Tarty o.i .07 11 52 

Opraynta R8 - 10 50 
Mo re ca nte a 112 - .11 52 

Uougtaa 52 .06 10 50 

London 31 28 15 99 

jWt a m Ahpr 1.1 - 14 57 

Atearfffitm 122 - 15 59 

CMrttr(S% SJ - 12 54 
82 25 11 52 

102 - 11 ffl 

&9 - 14 57 

— 09 - 12 54 

Wefrj-Tywi 32 - 12 54 

Oadtete 11 .1 - 13 55 


103 - 13 65 

2.7 .08 -VI 52 
36 .12 13 55 
92 .16 10 SO 

112 25 10 50 
73 - 9 46 

6.7 - 10 SO 

m #1 a*i 4i*# ca . 


O h*no — y 






rein fd 

douBy- F 


surety . 





















'FT-' 30 Share 
1365.3 (+7.4) 


1628.8 (+6.2) 

US Dollar 

1.5520 (+0.0150) : 

W German mark 
3.3585 (+0.0040) 

76.4 (+0.5) 

International bid 



Bid likely 
for Duport 

Takeover fever: again 
gripped the engineering sector 
yesterday with confirmation 
that talks are taking place 
Which could lead to an agreed 
bid by the fast-growing Wil- 
liams Holdings for Duport, 
the Swish curtain rail and Vi- 
Spring bed manufacturer. 

Duport shares gamed 15p to 
131p, valuing the company at 
£71 milbon. - - 

Mr. Brian McGowan, man- 
aging director of W illiams, 
said; “It wD] have to be agreed 
or h won't- be; done. 

Williams declined to say 
whether it bad being baying 
shares in. the. market but it 
confirmed that any stake in 
Duport was still below 5 per 
cent Williams’ shares gained 
5plo 680p. 

‘6,000 N Sea 
jobs at risk' 

About 6,000 jobs are at risk as 
a result of North Sea explora- 
tion budget cuts following the 
oil juice collapse. Drilling jobs 
particularly are in “severe 
jeopardy.” ' - 

The wanting comes in a 
survey by the Royal Bank of 
Scotland which points to a 
sharp decline in the number of 
development wefls and an 
increase jn the number of 
unused rigs in the North Sea. 

82% jump 

Ward White, the retailer 
which takes in Zodiac toy 
shops. Payless and Halfords, 
raised pretax profits by 82 per 
CHi t my* 1 **^*"** 1 

minion. Sales increased from . 

£244 million to £341 million. 

’X m * • The dividend total rises from 
"X. 5-694p a share to 

6.50p. Tempos Page 23 

,^-XJ Inchcape falls 

t V Incbcape’s pretax profit for 

, ' •• the year to December 31, 1985 

slumped to £46.2 million. 41 
, per cent below 1984's £78.9 

; minion. Turnover was down 

i ■ l2percenUofl.8bilUon.Tfae 

• dividend is unchanged at 
jS I8-I5p. Tempos, page23 

Menzies up 

John Menzies, the. news- 
agent, lifted pretax profits 
^ from £171 million to £19.5 

million in the year to February 
- I. Turnover was up from £505 

- million to £547 million, and 
the final dividend is raised 
from 2J5p to 2.7p. 

Tempos, page 23 


Mr Ronald Utiger,. the 
chair man of T1 Group, told, 
the annual meeting in Bir- 
mingham that profits were 
still rising, but sales so far this 
year were only slightly ahead 
of last year. 





By Richard Lander 

London International 
Group, whose interests in- 
clude health care and house- 
hold and industrial products, 
yesterday, made a £151.2 mil- 
lion takeover bid for Wedg- 
wood, the Staffordshire-based 
fine china and earthenware 
' manufacturers whose decorated 
plates, cups' and teapots have 
graced dining tables around 
die world for more than two 

LI is offering three shares 
for every two. Wedgwood, 
equivalent to 333p a share, 
with no cash alternative. 

- Wedgwood's chairman and 
managing director. Sir Arthur 
Bryan, promptly dismissed 
the -bid as quite inadequate 
and said that the interests of 
Wedgwood shareholders, em- 
ployees and customers would 
be best served by the company 
remaining independent. 

He drew attention io Li's 
comparative lack of experi- 
ence' in the fine ceramics 

Alan Woltz: proposes 
new-fook management 
industry, which it entered only 
is 1 984 with the acquisition of 
Royal Worcester Spode. 

Wedgewood shares, which 
have run up sharply on bid 
rumours, closed 28p higher 
yesterday at 368p. 

However, LI can already lay 
claim, to almost 25 per cent of 
Wedgwood's shares. It bought 
9.99 per cent on Sunday night 
from • Mercury Warburg, 

Sir Arthur Bryan; keen 
to stay independent 
which has also pledged to 
accept the offer for its remain- 
ing 14.9 per cent holding. 

LTs chairman. Mr Alan 
Woltz, said that if the bid 
succeeded Wedgwood would 
be merged with Royal Worces- 
ter to form the largest fine 
china company in Britain and 
one of the top three in the 
world. Both companies are 
based in the Potteries and rely 

on overseas sales for at least 
half their income. 

Mr Woltz described Wedg- 
wood as a fine company, but 
said it would be strengthened 
by the brand of financial 
management U had intro- 
duced to Royal Worcester 
over the past 18 months. 

This had centred on four 
areas — a totally restructured 
management, tighter financial 
controls, improved productiv- 
ity and a more efficient sales 
and marketing operation. 

However, be said there were 
unlikely to be many redun- 
dancies at Wedgwood, which, 
like all its competitors in the 
Potteries, slimmed considera- 
bly m the 1980s because of 
recession, high interest rates 
and a soaring pound. 

Wedgwood, which made 
pretax profits of £15.1 million 
on turnover of £146.4 miDion 
in the year to March 1985, is 
considerably larger than Royal 
Worcester, where sales to- 
talled £19.9 million 

Pound at 
$1.55 as 
dollar fall 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

- The dollar’s fell continued 
yesterday, in spile of attempts 
to support it by the Bank of 
Japan and -the West German 
centra] bank. The pound bene- 
fited from the dollar's slide, 
gaining 1.53 cents to $1.5520, 
its highest dosing level in 
London since June 1983. 

- - Later in New - York, the 
pound was quoted at S 1.5555. 
The sterling index rose 0.5 
points to 76.4. 

Most of file attention of the 
markets was. however, on the 
dollar/yen and doUar/tnark 
rates. The Bank of Japan 
bought dollars in Far East 
trading to stem the dollar’s fail 
against the yen. i 
In' early trading in Europe, 
the dollar then began to fall 
sharply against the mark, 
dropping - to DM2.15, from 
Friday's dosing level of 

At this point, the West 
German central bank, for the 
first time since the Plaza 
agreement of the Group of 
Five . finance ministers last 
September, began intervening 
to support the dollar. 

The intervention, con- 
firmed by Herr Karl Otto 
PoehL the Bundesbank presi- 
dent, was estimated in the 
marketat 8200 million^ 

- - Howevor.-there was no sign 
of the Bank of England, the 
Federal Reserve Bank of New' 
York, or the Bank of France] 
joining in the intervention to 
stem the dollar’s slide. 

The Bank of Fiance cut its 
money market intervention 
rate from 7.75 to 7.5 per cent. 

At the dose yesterday, the 
dollar was two pfennigs down 
on the day at DM2.1640, the 
mark helped by news that 
Germany’s cost ofliving index 
for April was 0.1 per cent 
down on a year earlier. The 
dollar fell 1.5 yen to 167.20. 



Court backs TSB float 




• / - 



Hopes rose yesterday that 
the Trustee Savings Bank 
. would- achieve its flotation. 
ibis year after the High Court 
in London ruled that although 
TSB customers owned their 
deposits and interest they did 
not own the bank. 

The ruling was made 
a claim by an English 
customer that the TSB was 
owned by its depositors who 

therefore had to agreeto a 

. The English- ruling -comes 
after a similar one in the 
Scottish appeal , court which 
overturned adebsion imply- 
ing that the customers did 
own the bank. 

- The Scottish case forced the 
TSB to postpone its launch 
from February because its 
plans are based on the idea 
that no one owns the bank. 



New York 
Dow Jones - 
Nifcket Dow . 
Hong Kong: 

__ 183256 (-2S1) 
. 15757.93 (+5059) 



184&65 (+1403) 
_ 26731-3.1) 
12063 (-3J) 

Commerzbank 2134.7 (-56 5) 

g£SSL~ 616-10(^1.64) 

b££cAC - 4Q2!7 (-2-2) 


SKA Genera) - — - -9/8 


{jwfoit New Yotte 

£ SI -5520 £ SI-5520 

£ DM33585 £ DM2.1 640 

i&35i§»68 S: Woe 113.2 

ISSsSa KugS 

£ )ndese764 SDR E1.16950 


3+nontti Intertank 10%*40 w* 

buying rate 


AlBed Lyons 
Beecham — 
Blue Circle - 


, 315p (+4) 
. 413p (+5) 


. 269p(+6» 

P 60 

Slock Conversion 

Savflie Gordon .89f 

Tarmac . 480| 

Rotafiex — 533p 


71 Group — 



Tozar Kamstey — 

Realty Useful — 

Beatson Clark 

Mam & Co wip 

Connells Estate — 290p 

Standard Chartered — 8i9p 

WWs Fader 464p 


J Menses _ _ 
young & Co Brewery - 280p 


Phoenix Timber — 
Welteome — _ — 
goosey & Hawkes 

- 88p(-l< 
, l84p(-( 

Woolworth ‘lacks 
credible strategy’ 

By Alison Eadie 

The £1.53 billion battle for 
Wootaortb Holdings intensi- 
fied yesterday when Dixons 
offer document attacked 
Woolworth's “lack of a credi- 
ble retail- strategy, lack of top 
retailing management, with- 
drawal from the high street 
and disappointing results”. 

Woolworth immediately hit 
bock calling Dixons offer deri- 
sory and its retail plans “so 
vague and lightweight that 
they represent little more than 
.an uninspired gamble.” 

At last night's closing prices, 
Dixons bid valued Woolworth 
shares at 688p. 1 52p below the 
market price of 840p. 

Dixons main argument is 
That it ha«t the management 
and retailing formula to make 
money out of Woolworth. It 
has detailed the transforma- 
tion of Currys 10 prove that it 
can turn aroimd a • barely 
profits We high street empire 
with a large asset base. 

Dixons said that within 
nine months of the acquisition 
every Crnrys store had been 
remerchandized. .Electronic 
point- of-sale terminals have 
now been installed in all stores 
allowing maigin and stock 
data to be available 

Advertising stategy was re- 
orientated and the organiza- 
tional structure simplified 
resulting in a 25 per cent 
improvement in sales in the 
half year to November 9, 

The Dixons chairman, Mr 
Stanley Kalins, believes the 
same retailing principles can 
be applied to Woolworth 

The Kahns formula is to 
achieve “optimum product 
density” in Woolworth stores 
in the three product groupings 
of home (kitchenware), enter- 
tainment (records and tapes) 
and leisure (gardens). 

The Woolworth group chief 
executive, Mr Geoff Mulcahy, 
dismissed Mr Kalms strategy 
as lacking coherence. He said 
the new-fook Weekend and 
General Woolworth stores, of 
which there respec ti vely eight 
and 12 now trading, have a 
much dearer product related 

Mr Mulcahy also said that 
when his management team 
took over, three and a half 
^eaixs ago there was no man- 
agement information on 
stocks and buying methods. 

Dixons criticized Wool- 
worth for its lack of accurate 
and timely data on sales, 
stocks and margins, but Mr 
Mulcahy said that putting in 
such systems from such a 
chaotic start could not happen 

Dixons listed 83 shop sites 
abandoned by Woolworth, 
which it daimed were prime 
sites now occupied by other 
major retailing groups includ- 
ing six Dixons and eight 
Currys stores. 

BT plans 15% price 
cut for big customers 

By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 

British Telecom is planning 
substantial price cuts for its 
big business customers in a 
move which signals the start 
of a fierce price war with 
Mercury Communications, 
the Cable & Wireless subsid- 
iary licensed by the Govern- 
ment to challenge BTs 

Stockbroking analysts said 
BTs plan could cost the 
company up to £2 00 million a 
year in profits. One called it 
“utter folly”. 

Details of the tariff cuts 
were given by Mr Paul 
Reevey, BTs bead of national 
network marketing, at a meet- 
ing of BTs major customers 
in Birmingham two weeks 

But the plans have been 
kept secret until now for fear 
of upsetting the Office of 
Telecomroonications (Oftel), 

Members of the “Hundred 
Chib”, comprising BTs most 

valued customers and ac- 
counting for nearly a fifth of of 
the company's yearly revenue, 
were told they could expect to 
cut their phone bills by be- 
tween 15 and 20 per cent a 
year by joining a special 
optional call plan. 

The plan offers favoured 
customers with 20 lines or 
more substantia) discounts on 
their local, trunk, and interna- 
tional calls in return for an 
annual facility fee. 

The tariffs are intended to 
meet the threat posed by 
Mercury whose telephone ser- 
vice begins operating next 

A spokesman for BT re- 
fused to confirm the price cut 

Oftel said that any discrimi- 
natory price cuts would be 
carefully scrutinized to see 
whether they threatened fair 

to merge 

By Judith Huntley 

Commercial Property 

Hambros. the merchant 
banking group, is to become 
Britain's largest residential es- 
tate agent in a deal which 
involves the merging of two 
quoted estate agents. Mann & 
Co and Bairstow Eves. 

They are to merge and form 
a new £167 million estate 
agency in which Hambros will 
have a 61 per cent stake 
valued at about £100 million. 
Hambros already owns 77.5 
per cent of Bairstow Eves, a 
stake it acquired last month . 

The merger will give the still 
unnamed new company 327 
branches from the North to 
the South and West of 

House sales are put at £1.65 
billion with £267 million of 
mortgage business, a figure 
which Hambros says will grow 
to over £400 million. This 
compares with Lloyds Bank 
Blackhorse Agencies, which 
has 241 branches and house 
sales totalling £1 .5 billion. 

The complicated deal 
whereby Hambros makes a. 
partial shares or cash offer for 
Mann & Co depends on the 
merger between the two estate 
agents being approved by 
shareholders. Both boards 
have agreed the move, which 
involves 536 Mann shares at 
20p for every 1,000 Bairstow 
Eves shares at 5p. 

Hambros and the senior 
management of Bairstow Eves 
speak for 98 per cent of the 
shares and have agreed to 
accept Mann's terms. 

Hambros' offer for 47 per 
cent of Mann’s existing share 
capital before the proposed 
merger involves a share offer 
worth 404p per Mann share 
with a cash alternative of414p 
per Mann share. 

Mann & Co's senior man- 
agement will own 11.2 per 
cent of the merged company, 
with ihe public holding 15 per 
cent and Bairstow Eves’ man- 
agement 10.3 percent. Guard- 
ian Royal Exchange, the 
insurance company win have 
a 2.5 per cent stake in the 
newly quoted estate agent. It is 
to underwrite the cash offer 
from Hambros to Mann 

Mr Charles Hambro, the 
chairman of Hambros, said: 
“We believe that the Ameri- 
can trend towards the one- 
stop financial supermarket is 
beginning here-” 

Further agency acquisitions 
are likely and Hambros has 
not closed its mind to the idea 
of buying a commercial estate 

Extel shareholders reject 
£170m Demerger offer 


London Fixing: 






By Cliff FelCham 

Extel, the news and infor- 
mation gponp* has escaped the 
dutches of Demerger Corpo- . 
ration and its powerful sup- 
porters, Mr Robert Maxwell 
and Mr David Stevens. 

The ambitions £170 million 
takeover bid from Demerger 
closed last night, having won 
the backing of 34^ percent of 
Extel shareholders. - 

The offer needed a 90 per 
cent vote of. sapport and 

therefore collapsed. Demerger 

bad hoped to get approval 
from SO per cent of Extel 

shareholders to compel the 
board to cave in and recom- 
mend the hid. However, Extel 
appears merely to have sur- 
vived the opening rounds in its 
battle for independence. 

The combined holdings of 
Mr Maxwell, the Mirror 
Group! proprietor, and Mr 
Stevens, through his Montagu 
Investment Management 
group, account for about 21 
.perjtffltofExteUad a renewal 

Robert Maxwell: could be a 

of hostitities from either is 
considered a certainty. 

Last night Mr Peter Earl, 
whose ntittHoerehant hank. 
Ifincorp, led the Demerger 
charge, put a brave face on his 

U I am very disappointed, of 
course, toil we were kit by a lot 
of last minute withdrawals. 
There must have been some 

very, very intease institutional 

“We had thought that we 
were well np into the 40 per 
cent acceptance level. Howev- 
er, the feet that we achieved 35 
per cent acceptances seems to 
support the view that oar 
proposals most have had some 

The assault from Demerger 
has pot Mr Alan Brooker, 
chairman of Extel, under tre- 
mendous pressure. There has 
been criticism in the City of 
Extet's defensive tactics and 
there could be some calls for 
changes in the management 
structure of the group. 

Mr Brooker said last night 
that, having seen off 
Demerger, he was now ready 
for Mr Maxwell if be decided 
to irid. 

“We realty hope that 
Demerger is the end of this 
affair, but Mr Maxwell has 
said that be might bid and we 
are as ready for him as we are 
fpr anybody ebe." 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Telecom lays it on the 
line for Mercury 

British Telecom is plainly set on 
meeting Mercury's competitive 
throat head-on. Members of the 
corporations's “Hundred Club” 
comprising its top 200 customers, 
were told at a recent meeting in 
Birmingham that they could expect 
to cut the cost of their phone bills by 
15 to 20 per cent under a special 
“optional call plan** that would be 
introduced for telephone users with 
more than 20 lines. 

Only two weeks ago, Gordon 
Owen, Mercury's managing director, 
said that any attempt by British 
Telecom to compete with his newly- 
announced tariff structure would be 
the “height of folly" on the not 
unreasonable arguement that it 
would cost the privatized corporation 
more to compete with Mercury’s 
prices than to ignore them. 

Now British Telecom has come up 
with a way of offering big discounts to 
its major business customers, the 
ones Mercury aims to capture, while 
preserving its overall tariff structure 
on local, trunk and international 
calls. Even so, the optional call plan, 
which provides discounts on all calls 
(local included) to those prepared to 
pay a special annual “facility fee" is 
not going to cost BT much less than 
£200 million a year in lost profits, 
according to back-of-the-envelope 
calculations by analysts. 

And the long-term implications of 

BTs decision to meet Mercury's 
competitive challenge head-on are 

worse. Mercury said yesterday thants 

cost base was so low that it had plenty 
of room for reducing _ prices even 
further, if necessary signalling me 
start of a downward spiral in pnees 
for big telephone users. 

Next September, Mercury plans to 
attack the medium to small business 
telephone market and the new service 
will become widely available to 
residential customers by the end of 
the year. Does British Telecom plan 
to oner discounts to these customers, 

Professor Bryan Carsberg, director 
general of telecommunications, can- 
not be anything but delighted with 
BTs response, despite suggestions 
that he may attempt to stifle the 
discounts because they are 

There was always a danger that, 
with Mercury aiming for no more 
than 5 per cent of the fast-growing 
telecommunications market by the 
end of the decade, a cosy duopoly 
would develop and the need for the 
introduction of fresh competition 
would emerge. 

On the face of it at least, British 
Telecom seems determined that will 
not happen, despite the inevitable 
short-term damage to its share price 
which has already sunk from 272p in 
mid March to its present 23Sp. 

A bumpy ride for ICI 

Sir John Harvey-Jones was saying 
goodbye rather early yesterday. It 
was. to be sure, his last annual 
meeting as chairman of ICI, but he is 
not due to to hand over the helm to 
Denys Henderson until April 1, next 
year. And there could be plenty more 
significant instalments in the Har- 
vey-Jones contribution to ICI before 

His chairmanship has already 
proved a watershed. His predecessor, 
the strategic planner par excellence 
Sir Maurice Hodgson, had a long wait 
to bring his talents to the top and then 
found he had to cope with the short- 
term crises brought by the $2.40 
pound and the ensuing slump. That 
experience gave the chemicals and 
plastics group a nasty turn. The vote 
for Sir John was a vote for change and 
a bumpy ride. 

The most symbolic of those prom- 
ised changes were the brutal 
abandonment of ICFs rather splen- 
did pile on Millbank and sweeping 
away swathes of board and head- 
quarters committees that had pre- 
viously centralized investment 
decisions in the overall planning 
process. In the event, Sir John took a 
pragmatic view on buildings — there 
was a glut of interwar piles on the 
market at the time — and the board 
has merely gone into temporary exile 

Axing the bureaucracy , however, 
has proved central to the transforma- 
tion of ICI’s image over the past four 

The indirect effects have proved 
just as important For that change 
aided Sir John’s main aim. He sought 

to shift the heart of ICI away from the 
planning of supply to marketing, and 
to accelerate the trend towards 
speciality products with high added 
value that grew out of success in the 
likes of pharmaceuticals and Dulux 
paints. He acknowledges that making 
ICI “more commercially responsive" 
was central to his aims 

The harsh action taken by Sir 
Maurice and the world recovery have 
certainly helped translate all this into 
the profit and loss account. In 1984, 
ICI became the first British industrial 
company to top £1 billion pretax 

Since then some of the traditional 
problems of chemical cycles have 
reappeared. North Sea oil from the 
now declining Ninian field has lately 
begun to behave like some of the old 
bulk chemicals and petrochemicals 
too. Oil profits dropped £50 million 
in 1985 and are still proving the 
Achilles heel this year. 

Sir John still considers that the 
falling oil price should eventually be 
good for ICI as a whole if falling 
feedstock costs and increased eco- 
nomic growth outweigh the direct 
effect. But as noted at the time of the 
disappointing first quarter results, 
ICI is still waiting to see any upturn 
in slack European industrial produc- 
tion. Despite a more international 
spread, greater specialization and 
more accent on the final consumer, 
Mr Henderson will inherit a com- 
pany that inevitably still relies to a 
considerable extent on the health of 
its customers. 

Inside deal 
fined £800 

By Lawrence Lever 

A former director of WH 
Smith was fined £800 and 
ordered to pay costs of £100 
when he pleaded guilty to 
insider dealing at GuildbalL 
London, yesterday. 

The prosecution comes 
soon after the Stock Exchange 
recruitment programme to 
strengthen its surveillance and 
insider dealing departments. 

Mr Maurice Naerger, who 
worked for WH Smith for 38 
years and resigned from the 
main board on May 31 1984 
on grounds of ill health, 
bought 1,500 shares in Martin 
the Newsagent early that year 
for 1 S2p each. At the time WH 
Smith had begun researching 
Martin with a view to launch- 
ing a takeover, which emerged 
on May 2. 1984. 

WH Smith pulled out when 
a rival bid was launched by 
Arthur Guinness and Sons. 
Mr Naerger sold his shares to 
Guinness at 350p, making a 
profit of almost £3.000. 

Mr Simon Hornby, chair- 
man of WH Smith, said later 
that Mr Naerger was at worst 
guilty of a technical offence. 
“It was a pure oversight, 
involving a liny amount. 
Technically he was guilty 

The company had “very 
strict in-house rules" stipulat- 
ing that WH Smith directors 
could not deal in the shares of I 
any company that it was 
researching he said. 

Mr Hornby added that there 
was no connection between 
Mr Naerger’s resignation and 
the purchase of the Martin 

He confirmed that Mr 
Naerger no longer had any 
connection with the company 
and had exercised share op- 
tions over 33.000 WH Smith 
shares when he left. 

Treasury expected to 
relent on ADR tax 

By Out Economics Correspondent 


of The 
> daily 

r story. 
raid slit 
ed with 

it «iB 
AS also 
■n anj- 
m on a 
** Mr 

e new 
•lay the 
o your 
e. io: 



ne was 
/. Two 
s were 











The Chief Secretary to the 
Treasury, Mr John 
Macgregor, is expected to 
announce today that the Gov- 
ernment is to drop the contro- 
versial 5 per cent conversion 
tax on ADRs (American de- 
positary receipts). 

The tax, announced in the 
Budget and widely condemned 
in industry and the City, is 
likely to be replaced by legisla- 
tion to be announced at the 
committee stage of the Finance 
Bill next month. 

This will leave overseas 
users of ADRs — shares in 
British companies denominat- 
ed in dollars and packaged in 
amounts familiar to United 
States investors — unaffected. 
Bat it will penalize those 
British investors who use 
ADRs to escape stamp duty. 

Under the Treasury's new 
proposals; such investors will 
be identified and taxed direct- 
ly on returns from ADR 

The Chancellor, Mr Nigel 
Lawson, has maintained that 
it was his intention to prevent 
abase of the system, not to 
stop Americans holding 
shares in British companies in 
the form of ADRs. 

ICI has campaigned strong-* 
ly against the tax. Through 
ADRs American investors 
hold around 16 per cent of all 
ICI shares. 

Addressing the company’s 
annual meeting yesterday, the 
ICI chairman. Sir John Har- 
vey-Jones. said that the tax, if 
in trod seed, would “put UK 
companies at both commercial 
and financial disadvantage op- 
posite their foreign 

Mr Macgregor's statement 
on ADRs will come daring the 
second reading of the Finance 
Bill in the Commons today. 
The Bill will then more to the 
committee stage next Tuesday, 


of MEMBERS of 

will be held on TUESDAY 20th May. 1986 at 2.15pm 
in the HEAD OFFICE. 


Copies of the Report end Accounts are available from 
this address. 

General Manager and Actuary 

6 St Andrew Square, Edinburgh EH2 2YA 
22nd April. 1986 















as c 

the t 

and • 
but i 


a la 
of fii 
do. i 
of i 










and i«t' 
full bra 

your O' 

For re 






















Of Li 




4 > i 


? ■■ 

# ! 
























La 1 




: \ 

L *. - 

m ,o 23 - 63p - 

(Up by no less than 23%.) by no 

And our dividend has grown 

less than 14*0 . company on the 

Indeed, you could say 

up and up and up. 

So what's our secret? 

(Ate alb little more than hve a 8 

^.a^Nor.harnp.onsMre— , 

Is it clear strategic thmKing. 

expertise? Or just good fortune? 

in our view, M a combination of all thre 

Around frve years ago we formed a clearly 
defined strategy. 

One which would take us out of a hea y 
dependence on manufacturing and into retailing. 

Since then our management has developed, has 
taken opportunities and has consistently shown its ability 

to transform businesses. 



i * 


Avf A XT A ■RF.'M'FNT S 

Earnings per share i98i:_z60p 

At the same time, of course, we were fortunate m 
moving into . retailing during a period of rapid growth 

on both sides of the Atlantic. 

. But what of the future? 

Here's what our Chairman and Managing 
Director, Philip Birch, says in our results announcement. 

'1985 has proved to be a year of exciting 
expansion for the Group both from existing and new 


The joint development of our retail acquisitions 
and, in- particular, the Payless DIY business, illustrates 
that the pace of expansion is being continued. 

A good start has been made to the current year 
with sales running ahead of the previous year and I 
confidently expect another year of good progress for 

the Group!' 

As he says, throughout the business there is scope 
- for organic growth. 

Halfords, Payless DIY, Owen Owen and Zodiac 
all have tremendous potential. 

And We're confident that they will realise it. 
Because even if there isn't a special secret behind 
our management's success, there is something else. 

An increasingly successful track record. 




• - ) 

. J 














Leaders make small 
gains as account 
opens on firm note 

Stock markets made a quiet 
but firm start to the new 
account yesterday, with week- 
end press comment, takeover 
pursuits and company state- 
ments providing the main 
centres of activity. 

Business was slow to get 
under way no doubt due to. the 
early start of trading from 

Gilts lost three quarters of a 
point as hopes of another early 
cut in interest rates faded 
ahead of the nest set of money 
supply figures which will be 
released next Tuesday. 

The FT 30-share index 
dosed up 7.4 at 1,365.3 while 
the FT-SE 100 gained 6.2 to 
dose at 1,628.8. 

Leading industrials closed 
with small gains in the. major- 
ity. Boots at 269p was tip 6p 
and Beecham at 413a up 5p, 
was supported on bid hopes. 

P&O advanced 1 3p to 556p 
on last week's expansion. 
Stock Conversion which, .has. 
rejected a 700p offer from 
P&Oj umped 25p to 725p. 

I Cl shares were little 
changed at 92lp after the 
annual meeting but T1 Group, 
the subject of bid rumours 
from BBA Group, climbed 
24p to 567p. 

There were three new take- 
over situations for dealers to 
concentrate on in the early 
minutes. Wedgwood shares, a 
strong market of late, were 
hoisted 28p to 368p some 30p 
above offer terms from Lon- 
don International. 

Doport climbed 14pto 130p 
on news of a possible ap- 
proach from Williams Hold- 

ings, 5p up at 680p. SariOe 
Cordon with a substantial 
stake in Du port added 5p to' 

Estate agents were excited 
by a Hambras/Bairstow bid 
for Mann & Co 20p up at 
380p. Connells at 290p Han- 
nover Investments 221p and 
Abaco 61 p were marked up 5p 
to 25p in sympathy. 

In buoyant insurance bro- 
kers Willis Faber advanced 
. 27 p to ,464p on news that 
• Morgan Grenfell in Which-tbe 
firm has a holding is p lanni ng 
a stockmarket quotation. 

Bine Cirde at 673p up 7p 
and Tarmac 8p better at 48 Op 
were both wanted ahead of 
today’s results. PiUtington 
climbed 13p to 446p after 
press comment but an adverse 
mention knocked I2p from 
Phoenix Timber at 88p. 
i The -mortgage price war 
continued to help Barrett 
Developments at 156p up 8p. 
Rotafiex in receipt of an 
unwelcome offer from Emess 
Lighting climbed another 20p 
to 533p. Hopkmsons celebrat- 
ed a 17 per cent earnings 
expansion with a 23p jump to 

In firm textiles Lfncroft 
KBgoar jumped 30p to 200p as 
a large stakeholding changed 
hands. Stroud Riley 
shareswere marked up 12p to 
J 10p in spile of the chairman's 
denial of bid approaches last 

Motor Distributors again 
featured Toser Kemstey at 
1 56p up 1 6p on the company's 
expansion plans. Kenning Mo- 
tor advanced 26p to 252p in 


Abbott M V «80p) 


Broakmount (11 
Chancery Secs 
Com 9% A 
Cranswlck M 
Davies DY ng 
Oiaiene (izgp) 

Ferguson cj) hi 
Goto G m Trot (1 
Granyts Surface 
tnoco (55p) 

JS Pathology (11 
Jarvis Porter (If 
KtearfOU till 
Lee km (180f 
texiooR (Ilf 
Lodge Cam 
Macro 4 (If 
Marnmle M (lT5p) 
Norank Sys {90p) 
Reaiy Useful (330p) 


IBS -2 
85 4-1 
E29 3 * 


.. 188+6 
- 85+5 
268 -7 

140- 3 

141- 2 


SAC'Jntf (lOOp) ■" 
SPP (12Sp) 

Splash Prods f72p) 
Templeton (215p) 
Sigmex (I0lp) 
Snbwdofl & B (97p) 
Spice (80p> 

Tech Comp {13m 
W York Hasp 
Wlckes (140p) 


Bensons Crisps N IP 
Greycoat NIP 
Hariwafe N/p 
M l Leisure N/P 
Share Drug N/P 
Timer & NawaO N/P 

(Issue price in brackets). 














244 +2 

55 +7 
38 +4 






The Board of Management hes ahnounced an increase of the 
share capital to DM.2, 743,752^00 by the creation of new 
Bearer Shares of DM.1 60.000000 nominal value. 
Dttl39,£19,3SG nominal of such new shares has been 
subscribed toy a banking consortium and is being offered ate 
price of DIVL^O per share of DMJ50 nominal ear*, to the 
Company's shareholders, and holders of Option Warrants 
arising from the Sterling 10% Guaranteed Unsecured Loan 
Stock 1990 of Hoechst Finance pic, London, the 6 '4% US. Dollar 
Loan 1979/89 of Hoechst Finance MV., Amsterdam, and the 8% 
US. Dollar Loan 1383/93 of Hoechst Finance MV., Amsterdam, 
on the foSowing basis:- 

(a) One new share of DM.50 for every 2Q shares of DM.5Q 

One new share of DM50 in respect of Option Warrants 
covering the purchase of 20 shares of DM.50 nominal, 
such Bearer Warrants arising from the Sterling 10% 
Guaranteed Unsecured Loan Stock 1990 (Issued in 
registered form) of Hoechst Finance pic, London. 

One new share of DM.50 In respect of Option Warrants 
covering the purchase of 20 shares of DM50 nominal, 
arising from the 0V,% U.S. Dollar Loan 1979/89 of Hoechst 
Finance MV„ Amsterdam. 

One new share of DM.50 in respect of Option Warrants 
covering the purchase of 20 shares of DM50 nominal 
arising from the 8% U5. Dollar Loan 1983/93 of Hoechst , 
Finance N.V., Amsterdam. 

The new shares (which will rank far dividends declared in 
respect of the business year 1986 and thereafter wfli rank pari 
passu with existing shares) are being offered on the terms of 
the Qwnpanyls announcement dated April, 1986. Copies of this 
announcement, with an English translation thereof, are 
available on request at the office of rhe London Paying Agent. 
S.G. Warburg & Co. Ltd. Application for admission of the new 
shares retire Official List be made to the Council of The 
Stock Exchange. Subscription rights win be traded on the mam 
German Stock Exchange® from 30th April 1986 to 14th May, 
1986 inclusive. 


to accordance with the terms of the Certificates, S.G. WarbuTg 
& Co. lid., as Depositary, wfll upon the request of holders . 
exercise the rights attached to the deposited shares on the 

b35iS 0ne new unit of DM5 for every 20 units of DM.5 nominal 
London Deposit Certificates (at DM.27 perurvtj.. 

In the absence of such requests by 13th May, 1986, the 
Depositary will dispose of the rights attaching to the underlying 
deposited shares and will distribute the net proceeds to the 
holders of Certifies Jasin proportion to their holdings. 

PROCEDURE in the united kingdom 

Holders in tire United Kingdom wishing to take up rights must 
lodge any of the following:- 

Coupon No.49 detached from Bear&r Share Certificates 
Receipt D detached from 10% Loan Ste<*1990 
Receipt D detached from 6V.% Loe "1979/89 
Receipt B detached from 8% Loan 1983/93 
London Deposit Certificates for marking Square No 59 

inclusive between 10.00 am and 3.00 p.nv on Snyweqkday 
(Saturdays excepted) 8t the office of the London Paying 


Bond Department. 

33 King William Street, 

London EC4B9AS .... . .. 

Tel: 01 -280 2222 Ex. 2267 

Holders of rights entitlements may 
Agent to buy or sell rights, on theirbehatf. to round then 
ertertements but in order do so their ' 

with S.G. Warburg &Co. Ltd. by 3.00 pm 13rh May, 1986. 

Lodgement forms are obtainable from the London Paying 

Payment must be made in fuH on application and Temporary 
Receipts will be issued. 

HoWers wishing to make payment in Sterling Should agree the 
apSSerateof exchange and the amount with the London 

Paying Agent 

Holders will be advised at a later date when thejtewBaarer 
Share Certificates are available to be exchanged for thaw 
Temporary Receipts. 


London Paying Agent and Depostary- 

29th April, 1986 

sympathy while press com- 
ment lifted British Car Auc- 
tions 6p to 143p and ERF 8p 
to 50p. 

Really useful Group im- 
proved 14p to 37Sp on hopes 
of a successful production of 
the Phantom of the - Opera 
which begins in October. S W 
Berisford improved 9p to 
255p awaiting bid develop- 
ments and Tesco were a good 
market at 365p up I2p: 

British Aerospace soared 
2!p to 550p alter a brokers' 
meeting. Harris Qneensway 
reporting early next month 
jumped 12p to 278p. 

Wellcome with interim fig- 
ures due on Thursday tost 8p 
to 184p, not helped by an 
adverse article in the ■ Wall 
Street JoumaL Ratners 154p, 
H Samuel 86p, Thomas Jour- 
dan 258p, Oakwood 115p, 
-Ayreshire Metal 62p and 
Pavjon 39p were best of tire 
weekend mess tips up 7p to 
I«P. . . • „ . 

Martin Ford in receipt of 
several bid approaches rallied 
another 6p to 76p. Ward 
White at 3l0p and John' 
Menzies 338p advanced 6p 
reflecting satisfactory results. 
Two newcomers made very 
uiet debuts. Jury Hotels 
p recorded a 2p discount^ 
but Splash placed at 72p were 
quoted at 75p. Last week’s 
issue DY Davies added anoth- 
er 6p to lS8p helped by the 
Guildhall contract. 

Continental Microwave 
shares were marked up 3 Op to 
238p on the FBA contract. 
Polly Peck jumped ISp to 
178p on rumours of a change 
of broker. The figures are due 
next month. 



EDINBURGH: A final divi- 
dend of Mp making 24p (20pj 
has been declared for the year to 
January 31. Turnover (figures in 
£000) rose to 18,930 (16.208) 
and pretax profit to 1,345 

HOLDINGS: The company is 
missing the interim dividend. 
Results for the six months to 
February 28 show (figures in 
£000) turnover up to 25.008 
(20.076) and pretax profit lo4! 7 
(291). Earnings per share were 
4.8p (33p). 

• ROCK: Results for 1985 (fig- 
ures in £000) show turnover 
increase to 6.172 (S.849) and 
pretax profit to 136 (73). No 
dividend (nil)is being paid. 
Earnings per share rose to O.SOp 

dend of 2.65p (2.l2p) has been 
declared for the year to March 
31. Sales (excluding tax) totalled 
£46.29 million (£41.71 million). 
Trading profit was up to £4.55 
million (£4.14- million) and 
earnings per share to 7.15p 
(6. 1 5p). 

INGS: A final dividend of 5.5p 
making 7.5p (5.3Sp adjusted) 
has been announced _wuh the 
results for the year to December 
31. With figures in £00Q group 
turnover .was 65,803 (59.165) 
and. operating profit 6.424 
(5.389). Earnings per share rose 
to 25.08p <17.78p). 

• COLORGEN: Results for the 
half year to December 31 (fig- 
ures in $000} show turnover at 
207. Loss per share was 7.6 

Battin. the chairman, says in his 
.annual statement that with the 
introduction of new products 
and other factors improvement 
will continue for the rest of the 

MENT CO: Results for the six 
months ended March 31 include 
an interim dividend of 1.2p (Ip 
adjusted). Income from invest- 
ments totalled 525,038 
(457,149) and revenue before 
tax was 499,093 (421.455). 

• PANTHESELLA.’ A final 
dividend of 23p making 3.7p 
(■3.3p) has been declared for 
1985. With figures in £000 
turnover was up to 4.608 (3,851 ) 
and pretax profit to 761 (6S6L 
Earnings per share rose to 


Ward White strides ahead 

Once upon a time Ward 
While was a sleepy North- 
amptonshire shoe maker des- 
perately vulnerable to any 
change in buying habits. 

Now it ranks as a solid 
international retailer with a 
key stake in Britain's boom- 
ing do-it-yourself business. 

Philip Birch, lhe chairman, 
has built up a faithful band of 
followers in the City used to 
seeing their expectations ful- 
filled. There seems no reason 
to think the future will hold 
any disappointment 

Last year's profits before 
tax rose 82 per cent from 
£14.3 million to just over £26 
million, a bit more than the 
market had been going for. 
This reflected first time con- 
tributions from the Zodiac 
toy shop division of May- 
nards. and the Owen Owen 
department store chain. It is 
still early days for Mr Birch to 
get to grips with the business- 
es so there has to be some 
considerable scope for im- 
provement, particularly at 
Owen Owen. 

The results include a full 
year contribution from the 
motor accessories business, 
Halfords. likely to have im- 
proved by about 20 per cent. 

Footwear retailing, once 
the lifeblood of the group, 
suffered a 25 per cent slip as 
customers held off buying 
because of indememt weath- 
er. but the contribution now 
represents no more than 8 per 
cent of group earnings. 

The furious rale of expan- 
sion has left the United States 
businesses now chipping in 
24 per cent of profits com- 
pared with 45 per cent a short 
while ago. 

The focus is now on Ward 
White's ability to generate a 
substantial improvement in 
performance from Fayless, 
the chain of 65 DiY stores 
bought from Marley since the 
end of ibe year. 

Even without the benefit of 
Sunday trading Payless 
should be able to turn in a >0 
per cent improvement on its 
19S5 performance of £4.8 
million, implying a group 
total for the present year of 
approaching £40 million. 

Ward White has been com- 
mendably nimble-footed in 
picking up renegade business- 
es unwanted by previous 
owners either unable or un- 
witting to apply the financial 
expertise or cash to resusci- 
tate them. Payless may have 
marked a watershed in its 
development at home. 

Despite his critics. Philip 
Birch knows how much a 
business is worth. But from 
row on. he is more likely to 
seek acquisitions outside 
Britain. In the meantime the 
shares at 3 1 Op. up 6p on the 
figures, must rank as one of 
the most solid - if unfashion- 
able — in the sector. 

John Menzies 

John Menzies. the Scottish 
newsagent, has gained a sec- 
ond lease of life from Early 
Learning, the chain of educa- 
tional toy shops it acquired 
Iasi year. It has ambitious 
expansion plans for opening 
outlets in Britain and in 

Early Learning, which was 
included for only eight 
months of last year, made 
more than £1.5 million before 
interest, against less than £1 
million in the whole of the 
previous year. This year 
should see* an even larger 
contribution, despite the 
costs of opening stores. 

At home Menzies plans to 
open 32 stores by October, 
with the eventual target set at 
about 200 shops. In the US 
the company has even more 
ambitious long-term plans 
although it is planning only 
10 openings this year. The 
group made £19.5 million 

before tax last year, up from 
£17 1 million. Profits from 
wholesaling, which tradmon- 
atly account for half the total, 
were down by 5 per cent and 
could slip further this year. 
Menzies claims that it is 
unable to distribute News 
International titles in the 
London area because of 
blacking by the print union 
Sogat 82. but it reports nor- 
mal sales of The Times and of 
the other three titles outside 

Although this year will be 
difficult, the medium term 
outlook is promising. The 
companv says that the advent 
of Toddy. Mr Eddy Shah's 
newspaper, has increased the 
size of the market rather than 
taken business from existing 
newspapers. The traditional 
retailing business did well, 
increasing its selling area by 4 
per cent. And the libraries’ 
supplies business is also 

Overall profits should rise 
to £21 million this year, 
making the prospective earn- 
ings multiple less than 14 
with the shares ai 335p. The 
shares are worth holding- 
a [though bid prospects are 
dimmed by family interests. 


Figures from Inchcape, the 
international merclianting 
group with interests ranging 
from tea plantations to car 
distributorships, were not 

Some of the decline in 
profit and lumover was due 
to currency fluctuations, as 
the far-flung activities of the 
Inchcape group are vulnera- 
ble lo exchange rate move- 
ments. especially the dollar. 

Profit before tax was down 
41 per cent to £46.2 million 
on turnover which was down 
12 per cent to £1.8 billion. 

Apart from currency, much 
of lhe deierioration in pretax 

profit occurred in South Ea* 
Asia. Inchcape Berhad suf- 
fered a £30 million reversal 
from a profit of£ 1 7 million to 
a loss of £13 million due to 
the collapse in the Singapore 
economy and losses in B- 
Trak, a distributor of agricul- 
ture equipment for the Umber 
industry in Malaysia. _ 

There were, in addition, 
heavy write-offs to the tunc of 
£12 million for redundancies 
and reorganization in 
Inchcape Berhad. 

The contribution from lea 
nearly halved from £17.3 
million in 1 984 to £9.4 
million in 1985. 

It is clear that Mr George 
Turnbull, lhe group manag- 
ing director who takes over 
from Sir David Orr as chair- 
man in June, still has a major 
rationalization job to do. 

Inchcape is still trying to do 
too many things. 

To make sense of a group 
the size of Inchcape, the 
number of businesses and 
geographical areas that it is in 
should be reduced and clearly 

In 1986. the group will 
enjoy some benefits of ratio- 
nalization at Inchcape 
Berhad. But business has 
fallen away in Singapore; 
consumer spending is down 
and motor demand is down. 
Currencies have also contin- 
ued to move against the 
group this >ear. The strength 
of the yen and the weakness 
of the dollar is a lethal 
combination for Inchcape. 

A pretax profit of £60 
million in 1986 and a 60 per 
cent lax charge leaves the 
group on a multiple of over 
12. high enough given the 
uncertainties surrounding the 
company's businesses and 
markets.' And given that the 
price of 345p is above the 
asset value of 328p, a bid 
looks unlikely in the short 


Comments by the Chairman - H. U. A. Lambert 

Summary of Results — 1985 

Son Alliance 








Premium income 

General insurance 



Long-term insurance 





Profit and loss account 

General insurance underwriting toss 



Long-term insurance profits 



Investment and other income 



Group profit before taxation 



Taxation and minority interests 



Group net profit tor year 



Adjustment to exclude net loss incurred by 

Phoenix prior to acquisition 



Profit attributable to shareholders 






Retained profits transfer 



Earnings per share 



Dividend per share 



Territorial analysis 



General insurance 















United Kingdom and 










til. Si 

U-S.A. lome ft 










Australia tnouZt 





Other overseas areas 










Marine and ■ 










Reinsurance from 

Chubb Corporation 

119 JO 




inoie Jl 





Loog^enn Insurance 











• - 





United Kingdom 















Other overseas areas. 










1. Tbr-IL&A. figures for 198J include die Phoenix's Continental pool business which 
was terminated on 1st January. fQ&5. 

2T The I*Wl 5 results for Australia include the business of Phoenix Prudential i formerly 
an associated company) which became a wholly owrud subsidiary with effect from 
.1st January. WHS. . 

.1. Relating to anticipated future claims in respect of drscorunued U.S. medical mat- 
practice business. 

A year ago my predecessor, in his final statement toshareholders. spoke of the first chinks 
of light lo be seen at the end of the gloomy tunnel of unsatisfactory underwriting results 
which have oppressed the insurance industn- for so Jong. Jam g)ad to repi!>ri that in 
several sec tore of the market there are some encouraging signs of hardening rates leading 
to the prospect of improved profits for the Group. has. however, been another very 

difficult year in which some hopes have been deferred . and when considerable time and 
effort have been deployed in absorbing the Phoenix. In many respects integral ion has 
gone faster than we bad anticipated: and although much remains 10 be done, the new 
management stru cture and organisation is i n place . and operating well. There have been 
costs to be borne, both human and financial. An early retirement scheme has helped: bur 
there have inevitably bad to be redundancies if the benefits of rationalisation were to he 
gathered. Quite a few of ourstaff have had to move as a result of the reorganisation . and ii 
is right to pay tribute to the loyal way in which they have accepted much inconvenience. 
The whole of the integration expe uses, whe ther alre udy incurred or anticipated . hav e 
been charged against the revaluation reserve. 

At home. 1985 began with a spell of exceptionally cold weather which led 10 heavy claims 
m the personal sector account. There was a rime when these misfortunes seemed to occur 
irregularly, even infrequently. The climatic pattern now appears to produce severe 
weather in most yean, and in 1986 the coldest February for many years has followed the 
recent trend. 

The Group is now one of the larges! private motor insurers in the ILK. Unhappily, 1 485 
saw sharp increases in the frequency and cost of claims: there have been rale increases 
but there is no doubt that more are necessary. 

It is satisfactory to reconi that the ending in mid-year of the Fire Tariff came in a 
strengthening market. which was greatly helped by the growing difficulty and cost of 
obtaining reinsurance. 

Abroad, conditions we re even more troubled with severe losses in the U.S.. Canada. 
Australia and Holland. In the United States residual problems in the field of medical 
real pntci ice called ford rustic act ion by Cbubbs and.. it the end of t he year, as » >ur 
accounts show, we wrote a special excess-of-loss reinsurance policy for them and 
provided for our own share of these losses from the past by means of a charge to reserves. 
This form of liability insurance has. as a result of the ever more onerous awards made in 
the Courts, become so expensive that many professional people can no longer afford the 
necessary' core r. The conseq uences of this i rend would be less unsai islacio ry if the 
payments made went to the relief of the persons suffering loss and did not to an 
unacceptable degree - in the United Statesai feast - finish in the pockets of lawyers. 

The result of these activities produced an underwriting loss of A’ 183 million, which is 
marginally less than in 1984. and our investment income, which had to bear the financing 
burden of acquiring the Phoenix, as well as less favourable currency movements, fell n * 
L2W> million. Inconsequence the profit before tax is down from £47 .6 million to 
£37.7 million, hut this overall figure conceals the true measure of recovery from an 
exceptionally bad first quarter.and present trends give us some confidence that the 
bottom of the current cycle may have passed. 

The Sun Alliance and Phoenix life operations were remarkably complementary. 
Integrating them has presented us with some problems, but also with considerable 
opportunities, and we are now well placed to face the future. Meanwhile our life profits 
show pleasing growth and. at £20.o million before tax. are making a solid contribution. 

We welcome the provisionsof the Financial Sen ices Bill to protect the investor in life 
assurance and unit trusts and f am glad to sav (hat most fife companies have supported the 
voluntary industry agreement on commission. The legislation will necessurilv make the 
life assurance world a different place. The Government would be wise to ignore some of 
those whoare advocating yet further controls, some of which sound like regulation for its 
own sake. 


In the past twto or three years we have adopted sterner underwriting policies, w hich take 
rime to bear fruit. Now with a more sober and realistic tone in many ol v>ur markets, wv 
can feel hopeful that the exceptionally severe losses of recent times may abate and that 
only large scale catastrophes can proven l better trading results. 

Through all die hard years of grievous underwriting losses our inv estment activities have 
consistently built up die Groups strength. In the past year most of the worlds markets 
have been healthy and our overall position has never been more sound. In the coming 
years we shaft begin to reap the benefits of the Phoenix acquisition, and we look forward 
with confidence. 

Your Board has accordingly resolved to declare a dividend of T7.;»p per-share compared 
with IxSp paid last year. Ourdividend has been increased in real terms in each \ ear since 
1977. An interim dividend of 5.75p was paid in January and the final di\ idend of M."?p 
will be paid on 7th July. 


Fora decade of inflation. and of jndisciplineand over-capacity in the markets, the world's 
insurance industry has endured a severe buffeting which has proved ixMime 
companies and seriously weakened Others. Where ail have suffered feu ftaieh.uf the 
soundness and resilience to emerge stronger both absolutely and relatively The Sun 
Alliance Group is foremost among them. 

The Animal General Meeting of Son Alliance and London Insurance pic 
lriSbebeld at 12J0 p>m* on 21si May, 1986 at lhe Head Office. Bartholomew Lane, London EC! 


[of The 
l daih 

taid sht 
ed *ith 

i new 
lay the 
i your 

5. to: 



c was 












New Vta* (Agencies) — 
» ' Wall Street shares moved 

,jZ^fter a weaker opening, as 
tautology issues again pro- 
vided mud support and bonds 
-'opened sGghtly higher. 

Morgan Stanfey shares 
d 1% to T7h after 
reporting that its net income 
rose $58 million (£37 mOKon) 
from $17.8 mSlhm last year. 

The Dow Jones industrial 

7 “ / ■® 7 * Advancing issues led 
declines five to f©ar, on a 
volume of 9.6 millio n share 
IBM rose Vi to 159% and 
Auump was up % to 6%, 

the active issues. Philip 
Moms fell 2% to 62%. 


100,000 sq.ft, development covered by a giant glass atrium. 

Thanks to new legislation, the sport 
in off-track 
ke welcome 

Our purchase of Rodewoy Inns International 
gave us an envy into the worlds largest hotel 
market - America. 

*!.;*»«* v «■ 

At Texas Homecare, turnover for the first quarter of 1986 
teas 30% up on the 
_ same period last 

flfo v vt , ar ) so we’re 
gjjU coming in on 
wTji a high. 

Itt’h’ looking 

overseas for grozcth in 

our holiday business. Our 
1,000 bed villa development in 
Eilat, Israel, is already operating 
very successfully. A similar development 
in Lansaroie has just opened 

What\ smarter? Owning hotels where people want to stay 
or where they haoe to stay? Webe become 
one of the lop two hotel chains in Britain by building and 
buying businesslike hotels that businessmen tike. 



With the acquisition of Home in the UX w< 

Charm last week, Ladbroke made sure off-track beta 
that 1986 is going to be even more exdt- I n Belgiu 

ing than 1985. shops and las 

Last year we made record profits of course in Mic 

£75 million- 50% up on 1984. (When 1 

Our three core businesses all per- betting, we’ll 1 
formed well In Holla 

Hotels, property and racing granted an ini 

achieved a combined increase in pre-tax licence to car 
profit of 42% while the entertainments off-track 
division boosted its profit contribution But the n 
by 35%. happened hei 

Last year was certainly a high point p or & 
in Ladbroke’s history and the future has allowed to sh< 

never looked more exciting. coverage of sj 

Trading under the Texas Homecare provide new fi 

brand name, Home Charm is one of the We have i 

top two DIY chains in Britain. modem com 

It owns 136 superstores and during technology to 
1986 we plan to open 21 new ones. thafs second t 

Ladbroke Hotels are now one of the Our U.S. 

top two hotel chains in Britain and establishing a 

growing fast and valuable i 

We’ve recently opened new hotels at Here in I 

Swansea, Livingston and Basingstoke on the retail s< 

I and we’re currently building at schemes in M 

^Manchester Airport arid Portsmouth. and Bristol ai 
| In London we’re relaunching the developments 

Curzon in Mayfair and the Sherlock Cwmbran. 

. Holmes in RakerStreet(where else?). With leisi 

Because our hotel business caters t0 ^ ncr ^ s ^y 

Ha ^primarily for the businessman who m ^ lts 

m fhas to travel we’re less dependent well; publish 

illffon tourism than many hotel groups. 0 gsare. 

WPJ Laskys is aga 

By next winter we’ll have performance. 

gy invested £15 million brining the 22 . 

^hotels we bought from the Comfort ,, * 

Group up to Ladbroke standards. (And . . . 

need we say it, Ladbroke profitability.) 

Our racing division had an outstand- ▼ « 

ing year in 1985 and with over 1,500 shops L3UO 

One ol a set (4 of advertaemer'ls trom LsdtwoKe Group PlC 

in the UX we increased our share of the 
off-track betting market to over 21%. 

In Belgium we own over 800 betting 
shops and last year we boughr a race 
course in Michigan 

(When legislation allows off-track 
betting, we’ll be ready for the off.) 

In Holland, we’ve recently been 
granted an initial, 20 year exclusive 
licence to carry out betting, on and 

But the most pleasing development 
happened here in Britain earlier this year. 

For the first time, betting shops were 
allowed to show live TV and satellite 
coverage of sporting events and to 
provide new facilities for their customers. 

We have already invested in the most 
modem communication and computer 
technology to give our clients a service 
thafs second to none. 

Our USA properties are 
establishing a substantial rental stream 
and valuable assets. 

Here in Britain, were concentrating 
on the retail sector with major new 
schemes in Maidstone, Birmingham, 
and Bristol and out of town 
developments in Crayford, Hendon and 

With leisure-rime spending projected 
to increase by 8.5% in 1986, the entertain 
meats division is also expecting to do 
wel^ publishing is expanding, holiday 
bookings are ahead of 1985 levels and 
Laskys is again expected to improve its 

As you can see from this brief 
look at our activities, the future looks far 
from leisurely. 

And thafs exactly the way we like it 


This is Manhattan Tower, 
a 275,000 sq.ft 35-sumy Ladbroke 
development in the heart of Sere York City. 
Its high rise and high mu and rypieal of 
our quality projects in America. 
In 1985, the Property Jn ^ dreision contributed £l8m 

to group profits. 


' '• 'V; / 'I 

■v -i-cr =?• •• •. ; w; 



< > *W, e-y'. i-/. % 



liiSf , 

n anv- 
il on a 













SAA move 

to Heathrow 

Terminal 1. 

For air travellers connecting with other airports 
throughout the UK, Ireland and Europe, SAA offer one-terminal 
simplicity at Heathrow Terminal 1. Whether you’re flying 
to South Africa. Or flying back 

More non-stop flights. Plus for and away the best wine on 
the route, says Business Traveller Magazine (World Airline 
Wine Survey). 

More than ever, SAA is the No. 1 way to South Africa. 



The English Trust Group: 
Mr Michael Todhunter his 
been appointed' managing di- 
rector of the group and or the 
English Trust Company. He 
succeeds Mr Christopher 
Spence, who is to become 
deputy chairman of both 

Johnson Matthey: Mr W J 
Qnfedlec becomes president 
of the catalytic systems divi- 
sion. Other appointments in 
the restructuring include: Ma- 
terials technology division: 
Mr B S Cooper to be division- 
al director; Mir J W E 
Penmngto i managing director 
(Europe); Mr E J Grosso, 
executive vice-president 
(North America); Mr M 
Brown managing director (Pa- 
cific); Mr K E Davies manag- 
ing director (South Africa); 
and Mr D G Titcombe 
projects director. Precious 
metals division: Mr D V 
Vielfet to be director, plati- 
num marketing; Mr G G 
Fisher director, precious met- 
als refining. Colours and 
printing division: Mr D M 
Lloyd to be divisionaJ direc- 
tor, Mr R Gooch operations 

German inflation rate 
‘will be 32 -year low’ 

West Germany will have 
strong growth this year and 
the lowest inflation rate for 
more than 30 years, according 
to a forecast published yester- 
day by the country's five 
leading economic research 

The institutes predict 3.5 
per cent growth this year, 
despite an uncertain start, 
compared with 2.4 per cent 
last year. Inflation will average 
0.5 per cent, the lowest rate 
since 1954, they say. 

The engine of growth will be 
consumer spending, forecast 
to rise by 4.5 per cent, 
compared with 1.7 per cent 
last year. This is partly due to 
the income tax cuts which 
took effect on January 1, and 
partly improved consumer 
confidence as a result of low 

One consequence of strong 
growth will be the fir$t notice- 
able drop in unemployment 
since 1979. 

The level of unemployment 
is expected to drop to 2.15 
million by the end of the year, 
down by 150,000 on the end of 
1985. This year's average is 
forecast to be 2.23 million, 
compared with 23 million last 

The institutes expect a 
sharp slowing in Gennany's 
export growth, from 73 per 
cent last year to 3 per cent this 
war. Imports wiu rise at a 
raster pace, by 5.5 per cent 
compared with 4.7 per cent 
last year. 

The trade surplus Is predict- 
ed to reach a record DM100 
billion (£29.9 billion) this 
year, compared with DM733 

billion in 1985. The current 
account is also expected to 
reach a new high of DM60 
billion compared with 
. DM38.6 billion last year. 

Despite low inflation and 
the strong mark, the institutes 
warn the central bank against ^ 
reducing interest rates in line " 
with recent cuts elsewhere. 

Inflation of 0.5 per cent this 
year compares with 22 per 
cent in 1985, but domestic 
prices are rising at 2 per cent a 
year, thejnstitutes say, and the 
pace of monetary expansion is 
already too strong. 

The five institutes are 1 the 
Kiel University Institute for 
the World Economy, the IFO 
Institute of Munich, RWI of 
Essen, HWWA of Hamburg 
and the DIW Institute of West 



Option salesmen compound 
the regulators’ torment 


TRUST ft V (Endtofa mri Dutch Invnt- 
n*m ImU BMUMad ■> Ainiurthn 
NOTICE to hereby given that ike Annuel 
prfd Meets* of SfcamboUoswfl be bald 

on TWa, S3* Stay 1966 el 1130 fame M 

the offices of the Conpan, Kdmi « wri * 
ffM AnateidtM. 

/% ■ ■ H - i* * t"* 

kgr Rqal Bicheapt Abuimju. who erieh to 
Bt— dud vote «t tin mee tin g ma«t contact 
the Ttaet Department of Bml B erhu p r 
AeBBance, 68 Kiqc WOfiun Street. London 
BG4N 7 BU at leeet ten dege below the 

Aeanranoe to pi e uei ed to 
topic toPMmer -far, t h e n e 
nmto er of shame ted fa but b the 
certificate hnHenrehaB hewn depoetopl with 
Btod Rirluig tanm. 

Capes the Anal Report end Aments 
far them ended Slat Decanter BBS sod 
of the Rcaotatioon to be pot before the 
eeeed^ ne etoUh at the offieee of the 
straw nmed. 

Bf onto of the Baud 

HHh Apd, 1988 

Central banki round the world 
are already fretting about off- 
balance-sheet exposures. Now 
the options whizz-lrids are 
dreaming up new ways of 
tormenting the regulators. 

The Bank for International 
Settlements and Mr Peter 
Cooke of the Bank of England, 
who heads the international 
committee of regulators, will 
have to grapple with cunning 
new devices such as options 
on options. 

Standard Chartered Bank, 
under its ingenious currency 
expert, Mr Fred Lee, has just 
begun marketing these instru- 
ments as “compound 

Jargon aside, the idea is 
simple enough. Rather than 
pay the full premium on' an 
option now, the customer can 
choose to pay part of it while 
he or she is deciding to take up 
the full option. It is, if you like, 
an option at one remove. 

Thus, the bolder of the right 
to a six-month option on 
which the premium might 
typically be 2 per cent of the 
striking price could pay 1 per. 
cent, or half the full premium, 
for two months, and the 
balance if be or rite takes up 
the option for the remaining 
four months. 

If the premium is more, the 
proportion to be paid in 
* advance“is~lessr" 2 nd~ifit is~ 

the whole premium immedi- 
ately can more easily sell the 
idea of a partial premium with 
the right but not the obligation 
to take up the full option later. 

Standard is offering com- 
pound options for the dollar 
against sterling, the mark, the 
yen and the Swiss franc. 

You can have a call on a call 
(a right to buy an option on an 
option which gives you the 
right to buy a specified quanti- 
ty of currency at a specified 
price) or a call on a put (the 
ri|ht to buy a right to self). 
Since all these options are 
over-the-counter options, tai- 
lor-made for the dient in 
question, any striking price or 
period within reason will be 

But, as one might expect, 
there are plenty ofbanks ready 
to pour scorn on the whole 
idea. The first, slightly irrele- 
vant response is that options 
on options are nothing new. 
Barclays and Citibank have 

the option must recover for- 
gone interest. 

Perhaps the most cogent 
criticism, however, of com- 
pound options for tenders for 
contract is that the insurance 
can be provided more cheaply 
by services such as the Export 
Credits Guarantee 

Department’s Tender to Con- 
tract scheme or Hambros 
Bank’s Extra, which gives 
customers a refund if they foil 
to win the contract - 

There may be attractions in 
compound rations when the 
date of a likely exposure is 
pretty certain, because the 
company can then lock in 
today's exchange rate. But in 
that case it might as well use 
ordinary options. 

This last point gives another 
important dimension to the 
problem. It is often hard 
enough to quantify the risk 
associated with an ordinary 
option. Compound options 

marketed them fora couple of are even more difficult. 

years in London without 
much success. The principle is 
as old as options. 

A second and more pene- 
trating line of attack is that 
they are a gimmick. 

But is that fair? Standard 
Chartered argues that they can 
be cheaper than ordinary op- 

tions and that the amount the 

Hstofifer-pays for the initial «n»ratrastoniere. 

lower the proportion is higher, period is negotiable. For some 
The premium is calculated companies the chance to buy 
on the rate of exchange re- part of an option while waiting 
quired, the volatility of the to see if the cover afforded by 
currency, and interest rates. a full option is needed must be 

The supposed attraction of attractive. 

this device is that corporate 
treasurers who have difficulty 

Other banks contend that 
compound options can cost 

persuading their boards to pay more because the bank selling 

Id in 1985 

Shaping an ambitious future. 

Speaking at the Annual General Meeting 
on 28th April 1986, Sir John HarveyJanes, 
Chairman of ICI, said: 

This is a special meeting for me because it gives 
me a formal opportunity to introduce my successor. 
Denys Henderson, who succeeds meon 1st April 1987, 
will be the 11th, and youngest ever. Chairman of ICI 
which is eloquent tribute to his abilities and stature. 

ICI was formed on the 7th oF December 1926. 
Looking back over those sixty years, we see major 
changes. It is a great tribute to generations of ICI 
people that your Company is still growing and 
shaping an ambitious future for itself in the markets 
of the world. 

Growing Resurgent Business 

1 should like you to look at the 1985 results in the 
broad sweep of the last fiveyears. The 
business has grown from sales of £6.6bn 
t0 ~10-7bn and the average annual growth 
■ SA has been about £1 bn. For two years 1981 

I j ' 1 11 and 1982 pre-tax profits stayed around 

*\/I £300m then leapt to £600m then to 

£l,000m and last year fell back 
somewhat to £9i2m, still 47% 
r 'tf'fC i j — ** CRa up on 1983. These figures for 

Mpgj A growth and profitability are 

the figures of a growing, 
mj/ / resurgent business. 

SV'v/ We have re-arranged our 

reporting of Group 
activities under four 
I Jjr 0 * T ** Industry Segments: 

Consumer and Speciality 
1 bihtvMi Industrial Products. 

\ A, ah Y f* i i i f- Agriculture, and Oil and Gas, 
N 'P 1 placing the emphasis on 

COHSllMSR the different markets we 

serve and better describing the changing 
shape of our business. 

The highlight of 1985 was the performance of 
the Consumer and Speciality Products segment, 
which increased its trading profit by £71 m. Part- 
icularly noteworthy were further growth in pharma- 
ceuticals and an encouraging first contribution by the 
businesses acquired from Beatrice Companies Inc. 
The acquisition of the Beatrice chemical businesses 
was a key business decision intended to contribute 

both to increasing our portfolio of high added-value 
products and acoderaringourexpansion in the USA. * 
As far as the overall check in profits in 1985 
is concerned there were several contributory factors. 
First, the European heavy chemical businesses 
increased sales but were unable to sustain their 

1984 profit performance 

because of pressures on 
margins. Trading profits in 
the Industrial Products 
T\. segment fell back by 

Wrwj'fl&r £64m - still well up on 

/ K sPs* 1983. ^ econ ^ 1 P 110- 
r i — i/ \ W Tr duction from Ninian 

continues to decline and 
oil taxation has now 
increased from 60% to 
H 65%. Overall, the oil 

1985 was an exceedingly difficult year for world 
agricultural activity. Notwithstanding these difficult 
conditions and in spite of start-up costs with its 
new plant breeding business, agrochemicals not 
only increased its sales turnover by 13% but hdd its 
prefits level. Although fertilizers increased sates 
turnover by 7%, trading profit Fell by £37 m. Finally, 
the effects of currency fluctuation and volatility 
were less favourable compared with 1984. 

Results for the first quarter of 1986 show that 
businesses which did well in 1985 are continuing to 
do well and there has been welcome improvement in 
fibres, colours and a very strong performance in 
polyurethanes. However the oil business has been 
hit by the fall in crude oil prices and problems in 
fertilizers and related products have intensified. The 
net result is that Group sales were somewhat down 
and profits somewhat up compared with the fourth 
quarter of 1985. 

The ICI Group's relatively small oil interests are 
experiencing difficult trading conditions at present 
prices, but for the whole Group there is likely to 
be advantage- if the oil price stays down and as the 
benefits of reduced feedstock costs and increased 
economic activity come through. 

Evolution of Strategy 

We must go where the markets are and a major 
strategic target is expansion in the United States. 

In 198L our sates there were just over £]£bn and 
accounted for less than 9% of our business. By 1985 
sales had trebled and were more than 15% of the 
business. The substantial increases in ICI sates 
have been mainly overseas. Our designation of a 
Consumer and Speciality Products segment high- 
lights the extent to which the balance of our business 
is changing towards higher added-value ‘effect' 
products. In total almost half our chemicals turnover 
is in 'effect' products which r''""7T> 
provide nearly two thirds JJfcEjWL 

of our trading profit. 7 ■Bmjw 

So our base for future 

hies is well estab- W - __f_ * '‘" ^114— f— ■- 

lished. The third ^ , 

major building block 

in our strategy is 

innovation. Lastyearwe 

launched somethingllke IT ^£3 

eighty new products and L Wf 

we made a significant ■ 1=^ 3 _ 

increase in R&D expend- ’ 

iture. These brief reflections^^^^^^g^^ 

on the continuing evolution 

of our strategy will convey A&K1CUL7VRE 

that we know what we want to do, 

we are doing it, and we are going to go on doing it 

Dividend Target 

As stockholders. I'm sure you will be as pleased 
as we are that the Board has felt able to make a 
real increase in dividends from 30p to 33p per 
share and will be equally pleased by the increase 
in value of ICI shares which have risen from a low ' 
of 226p in 1981 to touch £10 at one point earlier 
this year The more our performance is reflected 
in a higher market price for our stock, the more stock- 
holders benefit and the better we are able to raise 
funds and finance expansion . 

You will not have been surprised by our concern at 
the Government’s imposition of a 5% tax on the 
creation of new depositary receipts (ADRs) - the 
form in which most UK equities are traded outside 
the UK. It is not only the immediate implications for 
American investors, who now hold some 15-16% of 
our stock, that have caused us to voice our objections 
to the new tax so publicly. The Government's decision; 
if brought into effect, will put UK companies at both 

commercial and financial disadvantage opposite 
tbeir foreign competitors. We, together with other 
major companies are continuing ourefforts to suggest 
alternative mechanisms which will meet the Chan- 
cellor's concerns. 

Commitment to Success 

Each Chairman of ICI is a custodian for a brief 
period in the life of the Company. I think We are 
fortunate in the elements which have become a 
continuous part of ICI. First, the importance of 
people; second, our pursuit of improvement; third, 
our commitment to research. Three continuing 
streams in ICI thinking and action, as vital today in 
the success of our business as they were sixty years 
ago. The nature of the chemical-industry is changing. 
It is no longer enough to produce great tonnages at 
low costs for the markets of the world. Our business 
increasingly focuses on specific customers and on 
adding service to the products we , 

supply them with. . | 

Finally, I am particularly pleased 1 

that the number of stockholders 

increased during 1985. 1 do /f_ ^ 

-not wish to diminish the • vi 

importance of institutional j || 

shareholders or of our United j j fj| 

States shareholders -but 3L > M 

the small stockholder * if” 

with his personal interest and z \ 

concern is amost active source 
of strength, encouragement- 

, J have still a year to go, f ^E 

but this is the last time — 

•I shall stand before you at 
an AGM. I am totally con- 
fident that when Denys 01L WP QM, 

Henderson succeeds to this 
stewardship next year your investment 
in ICI will continue to be a stake in a great Company 
which has the ability to realise its ambitions for 
the future. - 






Banks must deal with the 
exposure not just by hedging 
in traded option markets and 
in the spot and forward cur- 
rency markets, but also fry 
properly accounting for the 
risk, which may be consider- 
able since they are generally 
sellers of options to their 

The new proposals from the 
regulators effectively to abol- 
ish as for as possible off- 
balance-sheet risks could 
cause some banks seriously to 
reexamine their involvement 
in this volatile market 

Michael Prest 

(JifiJJt Cj* ljS£> 



jb S 



April 29, 1986 

(( FOOT JS )) 


in the 

be. Institute of Lon- 
don Underwriters is 
not a familiar name to 

the man in the street, 

„ although several of its mem- 
bers are household names — 

■ v Cdmmerdal Union, Eagle 
^ Star, PrudentiaL 

X The ILU is. relatively anon- 
. , ymOus. in comparison with 
'■ the worldwide renown of the 
_ Lloyd's insurance ■ market, 
parity because it is a collection 
of 109 companies and partly 
because it handles only ma- 
_ rineand aviation business. Its 
- specialist yacht insurance is 
..the closest it gets to' dealing 
with the consumer, although 
its members handle the full 
range of consumer insurance 
from motor to life. 

... The ILU is a vitally impor- 
^tant part of the world insur- 
• ■ a nee markeL It writes about 

. n half the marine and aviation 
. ' w business done in London, 
.. '‘with Lloyd’s writing the other 

- --halt The two together account 
r for-50 per cent of marine and 

_. .^aviation insurance and rein- 
; surance woridwiefe. 

The member companies, 
nearlyhalf of which are British 
. -“subsidiaries of overseas com- 
'Lhanies, have an asset value 
from their British operations 
-= alone of $25 billion (£16.5 
^Jbillion). The premium income 
■ last year was £1.3 billion. 

The relationship with 
/j Lloyd's is one of both compe- 
lition and close co-operation. 
The ILU was founded in 1884 
" after a meeting of company 
underwriters and Lloyd’s un- 

- : -derwriters. Lloyd's underwrit-' 
/fers soon found there was a 
^conflict of interest and they 
'‘ withdrew to form the Lloyd's 

• * ■Underwriters Association. 

The two groups are struc- 
tured totally differently. 
•..-Lloyd’s ability to write insur- 
e .asce is based on the wiUing- 
•-ness of wealthy individuals or 
-.“names” to pledge their assets 
-40 the insurance market with 
-.-.Unlimited liability. The names 

■ -are grouped into syndicates 
.and the business is written by. 
~:a professional underwriter. 

- The lLU's members are all 
companies with, limited liabil- 
ity. Those who work in the 
■market are employees of the 

Despite the radically differ- 
ent structure the two markets 
compete for the same busi- 
ness, although Lloyd's also 
writes, motor and non-marine 
insurance. Many of the risks 
written in London are written 
partly by Lloyd's syndicates 
and partly by ILU companies. 

□ Princess Anne officially 
opens the new headquarters of 
the Institute of London Under- 
writers today. For the first 
time, the company marine 
insurance market will be irader 
one roof 

The two groups co-operate 
on several joint committees 
including hull cargo, war, 
liability and construction 
risks. The committees, if they 
are chaired by an ILU man , 
will have, a Lloyd’s deputy 
chairman and vice versa. 
They deal hugely with techni- 
cal matters of market practice 
and regulation, including joint 
discussions on rating levels. 

The present crisis following 
the American bombing of 
Libya has necessitated an 
increase in war risk cover for 
vessels calling at Libyan ports. 
Traditionally, ILU companies 
have specialized in war risk 
cargoes and Lloyd's in war 
risk hulls. 

The ILU has developed a 
more supportive role for its 
members than just a trade 
association as it has pro- 
gressed down the years. Jn tfae 

1950s the concept of an ILU 
policy was introduced, which 
meant one policy was issued 
listing all the companies on 
risk and how much they were 
in for. Previously every com- 
pany, even if it was only 
writing 2 per cent of ihe total 
risk, had to issue its own 
policy for its portion of the 

The payment. of premiums 
in and dairas out from then 
on was processed by the ILU 
on a monthly basis. The ILU 
established a network of 
claims agents, which now 
number 450 worldwide. 

It takes pride in the finan- 
cial soundness of its members 
and hence the financial sound- 
ness of its policies. It conducts 
an annual review of the finan- 
cial standing of its members 
through looking at reports and 
accounts and analysing De- 
partment of Trade mid Indus- 
try returns. 

The recent years of high 
inflation have caused damage 
to the capitalization of some 
companies, causing the ILU to 
require a boosting of reserves 
on occasions. The ILU claims 
none of its members has ever 
gone bust, although one or two 
have come perilously dose. 

. The troubled Insurance Com- 
pany of Ireland withdrew 
from membership last year. 

The latest service to mem- 
bership provided by the ILU 
is the new building, which 
allows brokers to meet all the 
company underwriters under 
one roof Instead of a Lloyd's 
lookalike, where underwriters 
tit at boxes in one huge market 
floor, the ILU has opted for 
individual rooms with glass 
fronts and open doors. 

The next stage will be more 
services, particularly of the 
electronic kind, and more 
market statistics: The nature 
of the insurance business will 
ensure that the physical mar- 
ket-place will not be rendered 
outmoded by new technology, 
Peter Worsfold, general man- 
ager and secretary of the ILU, 
believes. . ' 

A £6m centre? 
that was built 
for speed 


, .. -•> ■. - . 

The brokers who come to 
place their business seem to 
prefer doing the business lace 
to lace across a desk. The risk 
can be discussed more easily 
than on the telephone and the 
market-place setting allows 
the risk to be placed quickly. 
Marine risks are placed fester 
in London than anywhere else 
in the world, Mr Worefold 

Claims can also be paid 
promptly. The ship that was 
crushed in the ice in the 
Antarctic, during the expedi- 
tion in the footsteps of Scott, 
was wholly insured at the ILU 
and the cheque was.piaid out 

within four days of the vessel 
going down. 

The present trading outlook 
for the ILU’s members is 
improving after a prolonged 
and deep cyclical downturn. 
The ILU has escaped some of 
the worst insurance horrors, 
caused by general liability 
business which it does not 
transact. The highest losses 
among Lloyd's syndicates 
have arisen from general li- 
ability claims or expected 
claims, such as asbestosis. 

The ILU has also escaped 
from the scandals which have 
afflicted its better known 
neighbour. The ILU is not 
crowing about Lloyd's misfor- 

tunes. however, as bad public- 
ity tends to rub off on the 
London market overall and 
does not result in a rush of 
business from Lloyd's to the 

Despite the well publicized 
problems at Lloyd's, business 
is flowing back to London, as 
the overcapacity of a lew years 
ago has been transformed to a 
dramatic shortage of capacity. 
Rates have also hardened 
appreciably making life some- 
what more comfoiable for 
ILU member companies. 

Alison Eadie 

The new ILU headquarters laC 
49 i H Mha| l Street in me 
City of London Is probably the 
world's best equipped marine 
fompany underwriting mar- 

Both brokers and underwrit- 
ers are enthusiastic abont their 
changed surroundings. For the 
first time in its 102-year 
history, all the ILU’s 100-plus 
company members are housed 
under one roof. The new 
headquarters opened for busi- 
ness on March 10. 

The building is designed for 
very rapid treatment of bro- 
kers. It is of particular benefit 
to the smaller insurance com- 
panies among the ILU mem- 
bership who previously were 
tucked away in odd corneis of 
the City and who already are 
seeing more business being 
shown to them. 

Because the ILU is cheek- 
by-jowl with Lloyd's, the new 
market-place means that bro- 
kers can save time on their 
daily round of the market 

ILU member companies, in 
addition to sharing existing 
well-established common cen- 
tralized. settlement services, 
now have access to a greater 
range of common facilities 
than before. 

The eight-floor building was 
hailed as one of Europe’s most 
attractive modern offices when 
built in 1977. 

Its interior has now been 
extensively redesigned by the 
FLU to provide an efficient and 
comfortable environment for 
underwriters who are situated 
on the first, second and third 
floors in some 50 separate 
underwriting Quits. It has cost 
tbe ILU about £6 million to 
acquire and refurbish the 


Greater speed and efficiency 
are achieved by putting the 
principal trading areas on the 
first and second floors, where 
maximum floor space is avail- 
able. Easy access is provided 
by new escalators, walkways, 
special safety automatic re- 

volving doors and a cM" 
staircase in the central atrium 
linking the ground, first, sec- 
ond third floors. 

The ILU's offices are on the 
ground floor together wjh 
conference rooms and m the 
basement are a bar, restau- 
rants and private dining 

The glass-fronted under- 
writing rooms, in various 
shapes and layouts, produce 
an open-plan market environ- 
ment and the first-floor 
brokers' communal area has 
telephones and refreshment 
facilities. Trading areas main- 
tain a balance between an open 
market-place and tbe existing 
tradition of members’ under- 
writing rooms. 

To enhance the market- 
place environment the doable 
doors to each room can be 
opened np and fastened back 
daring trading hours. 

High-tech design is evident 
in the underwriting rooms 

The shrubs and 
plants create 
the atmosphere 
of a courtyard 

which are linked by computer 
to centres all over the country 
and wfl] eventually ping into 
tbe ILU database at its Folke- 
stone building. 

A suspended floor installed 
on the first and second floors 
carries the cabling required for 
up-to-date computer systems 
and external communication 
with the rest of the London 
and other world markets. 

With its central atrium cre- 
ating a courtyard atmosphere 
with shrubs and plants. The 
decoration has been done in 
shades of green and the ILU 
headquarters provides a rest- 
ful contrast to the frantic pace 
of insurance broking and 

Victor Head 




49 Leadenhall Street 

The ideal new environment 
for two thriving marine 

V i. 

Vte,in Eagle Star’s Marine Department, look forward to 
sharing the ALU’s magnificent new home for the Institute’s second 

centmy. . „ 

On this unique occasion we recall our own marine ongins, 

through the former British Dominions Marine Insurance Company, 
and our finks with the ILU going back over 70 years. 

During that period the ILU’s development into a major force 
in world marine Insurance has been shared by Eagle Star s own 
qrowth in the marketplace, both in the UK and overseas. 

Eaqle Star Insurance Co. Lid., Marine Dept, Room 240, 

49 Leadenhall Street, London EC3A2BE.Telephone; 01-588 121Z 

Telex: 885867. 


from one of the market's 
greatest supporters 

edgwick Limited 

Sedgwick House, The Sedgwick Centre, London El 8DX. 
Telephone (01) 377 3456. Telex 88213L 


1 of The 




. aid shi 
1 sd with 

s. aged 
e will 
is also 
a any- 
n on a 1 
- Mr 

• new 
ay tbe 
-. to: 











r was 


28 - 



. CIGNA companies have been providing consistently high 
standards at marine Insurance services since 1792. 

The address of our principal underwriting rooms has 
changed. Our standards have not 
CIGNA Is delighted to be associated with the official 
opening of the new 1J_U. Building. 

r ' 

CIGNA Insurance Company of Europe s.a.-rw. 

. Insurance Company of North America tUJC] Limited. 

’ - Rooms 202 and 236. LLU. Building. 49 LeodenhaB Street. 
5 London EC3A2BE 



& Co Ltd 

the Institute 
of London 

Opening of 

building by 
Princess Anne 

J H Minet & Co Ltd. 

handling all classes of insurance business 
throughout the world 

Minet House. 100 Leman Street, London El 8HG 
Tel: 01-481 0707 TL\:S81390] 



The big three are 
bringing business 
back to London 

By David Lowen 

Chairman, Institute of London 

^ The official opening today 
M by Princess Anne of our new 
market-place and headquar- 
■BHters is an auspicious land- 
WmW mark in the history of the 
ILU and a significant event for the 
London insurance market. 

The London marine insurance 
market owes its development dur- 
ing the last 50 years and its present 
commanding size to three major 
factors; Lloyd’s, which admittedly 
now has a larger non-marine role 
than marine but has. nevertheless, 
approximately half of the London 
marine market; the Institute of 
London Underwriters comprising 
all the British “household name” 
composite companies, the British 
independent companies and numer- 
ous foreign companies; and the 
spectacular growth of the insurance 
broking houses. 

The three groups have been 
responsible for an enormous growth 

in size and capital backing of the 
marine market in London. What 
was difficult to cover in millions 20 
years ago can now be covered in 
billions. And the market is still 
expanding as a result of its expertise 
and adaptability to provide an 
unrivalled service worldwide. 

Much business previously attract* 
ed to other markets is now flowing 
back to London because the marine 
market offers the best service, with 
continuity and security, at a cheaper 
cost in the long term than any other 

We offer the security of enormous 
reserve funds, not only for 
tomorrow's catastrophe but for the 
prolonged, long-term risks. 

London will soon be paying out 
hundreds of millions of dollara, 
perhaps many billions, to cover the 
avalanche of American “social 
conscience" claims. These c laims, 
emanating from the 1940s and 
(9S0s. demonstrate London's long- 
term service factor that cannot be 
matched by most markets. No 
doubt there are many assured 
people in the USA whn 40 years on 

are glad they .were insured in 

London is renowned for its 
efficiency and flexibility, and practi- 
cally every innovation and new 
method of marketing business has 
jnated here. 

iow a new milestone is reached 
as the two halves of the marine 
market — Lloyd's and ILU — move 
into their respective new premises, 
and both will be better equipped to 
face the future. 

Lloyd's has always had its own 
integral budding — partly shared, in 



a way, with some insurance compa- 
nies who took space. 

In the past the Institute has 
suffered from having its members 
underwriting rooms scattered 
around the market, in many cases 
actually within Lloyd's building. 
This has ted - to understandable 
confusion in the minds of many that 
the companies actually formed part 
of Lloyd’s. • 

Bringing all of the institute s 1 10 
member companies under one roof 
was a prime consideration when the 
opportunity came to acquire a 

Celebration rime: David 
Lowen, left the ILU chairman, 
with Peter Miller, Lloyd’s ’ 

~ chairman, at a reception marking 
the axapJetioo of the ILU- 
London headquarters and 
market-place - 

suitable modern building a stone s 
: . Throw from the new Lloyd’s build- 
ing. Member companies and bro- 
kers have welcomed the move, and 
the savings in time alone will prove 
tts wisdom. 

- - Being in one building means that 
ggjy. hubnnariott processing capa- 
~**hfres will enable direct data links 
Pttweeo aD members and brokers 
" v «the Institute. 

The .planned and continuing 
move towards standardization ana 
of support services will 
allow individual underwriting oper- 
ations to compete even more erfec- 
tivety with each other and within 
the woriH mariteL 

Rou tine h andling expenses will 
be minimized and members will be 
able to respond more quickly to new 
developments and to diems’ i reed*. 

We face the future with great 
confidence; knowing that ILU secu- 
rity is simply -as good as ambe 
found anywhere. The institute has 
always maintained the most strin- 
gent criteria for admission into 

At a tune wheat the London 
insurance market .feces unprece- 
dented scrutiny from i 

quarters, the security ol 

by the ILU and its members^ 
assumes ever greater 




i : 



Pirates who make an art of scuttling 

There has been so much 
publicity about the spread of 
maritime fraud that one could 
be forgrren for believing that 
on every cargo ship today half 
the crew wear Mack eye- 
patches and that in every sMp 
owner’s office there is a shred- 
ding machine and a John Ball 
printing set for the forgery of 
Bills of Lading. 

In fact, mari time fraud 
takes a number of more prosa- 
ic forms. 

The most common but per- 
haps the least publicized ver- 
sion is documentary fraud — 
the defrauding by cargo ship- 
pers of cargo buyers, insurers 
and banks by falsification of 
shipping documents whereby 
goods are misrepresented as to 
their value, quantity or even 
their existence. 

The least common but, since 
the celebrated case of the 
Salem, well-publicized and 
most romantic form is scut- 
tling - the casting away of a 
ship with rite connivance of her 

owners with intent to defraud 
hull insurers. 

It woald seem reasonable to 
assume that scuttling is a 
highly individual crime and 
that the fraudster would be 
sue to avoid using a particular 
method which had already 
attracted underwriters' atten- 

Surprisingly, trends 
from time to time 
can be discerned 

Whatever the logic of that 
proposition, it is nevertheless 
surprising to find from time to 
tune that trends do develop. 

There may be a series 'of 
ships being stranded, then a 
rash of sinkings, and, occa- 
sionally. as seen in a recent 
case, a spate of fires. 

This is no doubt partly 
explained by mere coincidence 
but partly also by what under- 
writers and their investigators 

have long recognized as the 
work of people who supply 
scuttling services to 

Typically, die word wfll be 
passed that Mr X has snoceed- 
ed in defrauding anderwriters 
by a certain type of casualty 
and this leads to others trying 
the same method. 

Similarly, the word will go 
out that Mr Y has access to 
funds and to cxew members 
prepared to scuttle. 

London, market underwrit- 
ers are investigating several 
such links between what woald 
otherwise have appeared to be 
unrelated casualties. 

It would be sur p rising if 
such inquiries revealed the 
substantial syndicati on pa t- 
teru uncovered by the FER1T 
(Far East Regional Investiga- 
tion Team) inquiry into 
sinkings in die South China 
Sea m the late 1970s, but the 
continual collation of informa- 
tion from different casualties 
and from different insmance 
. markets, will contribute jto the 

process of defeating fraadukut 


This will that, it is 
boped^ct as a deterrent to 

It goes without saying that 
underwriters, and their inves- 
tigators, are from time to time 
criticized for not paying claims 
which they should pay. 

What is tess-weU known is 
that they are also criticized for 
paying claims which they 
should not 

It is disheartening to any 
shipowner who regards the 
scuttling fraternity as a men- 
ace to society and as a major 
cause of increased market 
premiums to team that under- 
writers have paid a claim 
which the shipowner knows 
was frandnlenL 

The underwriters can thns 
in the eyes of many never get it 
right In die spate of recent 
engineroom fires, where many 
wnulHfli had. virtually identi- 
cal suspicious. characteristics, 
underwriters were faced with 

either ~ being semi to have 
turned- down innocent claims 
among the guilty mes, or to 
have tailed to reject enough 
bad apples from the barret 
Regrettably, time may never 
tell whether the right balance 
has been achieved. 

What can be done to im- 
prove insmers' dunces of 
winning the battle against 

A plan to penalize 
any vessel that is 
not iip to standard 

marithne fraud, which will not 
involve great expense or be too 
disruptive to their everyday 

first, the sharing of infor- 
mation: while insurance is a 
highly-competi tive business 
and competitors do not readily 
share their secrets, there can 
ouly be benefit to an individual 
insurer in exchanging infor- 
mation, whether the exchange 
is.aodsslfaeCffypf Loudon or . 

across international frontiers. 

Second, influence wit h fla g 
states: there are still certain 
flag countries which do not 
bold fan, or any, inquiries into 
substantial casualties. Formal 
iKvestigatifflHS weald assist in- 
surers m uncovering the feds. 
And insurers could Wp them- 
selves by lobbying the less 
diligent flag states. 

Third, relations with classi- 
fication societies: complaints 
by insurers to classification 
societies could only go to 
improve the latter’s vigilance 
in penalizing sub-standard 

It was Edmund Bnrke who 
said: “The only tiling neces- 
sary for the triumph of evil is 
for good men to do nothing.” 
We must aH, befog good men, 
continue to do whatever we can 
in the fight against maritime 


<: • .*•! Partner r Uice A Co 




the future 


Mercantile and 
General Reinsurance 

Moorflelds House, Moor&elds, London. 
Also represented in: Australia, Canada, 
South Africa, USA, Denmark, 

Hong Kong, japan. New Zealand, 

Latin America, Lebanon, Indonesia. 


A leading force in 
latrine underwriting 

in London and 



Commercial Union Assurance Company pic 

_ Marine Underwriting Rooms, 

1st Floor, The Institute of London Underwriters, 
49Leadenhall Street. London EC3A2BE 
St Helen's. I UndrohnfL London EC3P3DQ 


Chartered Quantity Surveyors 
. . . Project Managers 

Arc proud to have acted for the LL.IT. on the 
refurbishment of their new headquarters and wish 
them continuing success. 

Mill House, Wandle Road, Beddington, 
Croydon CR0 4SD. Tel- 01-681 0429, 


Installation and specialist 
design of suspended ceilings 


34 Westway, Caterham, 

Surrey CR3 5TP 
Tel: 0883 47722 (4 lines) 

wishing I.L.U. every success in 
their new market place 


We are proud 

to have been selected to act as 
for this unique market place, 
and equally proud to say 
it opened on time 

We wish the 

Institute of London Underwriters 
every success in this new venture. 


Kf _ ■ _ " 

1 Ur \yS£> J 



Li M i'n 


Extensively redesigned, the HU building provides a 
comfortable environment for nnderwriters, who can travel 
easily between floors on handsome staircases 

Full steam ahead for 
world market leader 

Marine insurance, the precur- 
sor of all forms of insurance, 
in today's world covers not 
ony the traditional areas of 
hulls and cargoes and ship- 
building but the whole gamut 
of transportation, from the 
carriage of goods of every kind 
by land, sea and air to the 
multifarious drilling rigs and 
huge fixed structures used in 
offshore oil and gas explora- 
tion production. 

London is the foremost 
marine insurance market, 
with business about equally 
divided between Lloyd's and 
the insurance companies 
which are member of the 
Institute of London 

The London marine market 
is very conscious of its 
strength and influence, and of 
its substantial contribution to 
the City's invisible earnings. 
The market is not without its 
problems, however, in marine 
insurance they tend to be 
more complicated and affect- 
ed by more factors than in 
other branches of insurance. 
The very internationalism of 
the business is paramount, 
influenced by trading and 
shipping conditions, currency 
fluctuations, restrictions 
placed on cargo insurance by 
many developing countries 
and maritime fraud. 

Despite the shipping slump, 
the market is on a gentle 
upswing. After a long period of 
intense and internecine com- 
petition, the gradual improve- 
ment that started in 1984 has 
been sustained. 

Several factors are responsi- 
ble: a shrinkage of capacity, 
paticularly as fringe competi- 
tion has dropped away with 

the realization that claims in 
normal limes can far exceed 
any investment income; a 
return to the security of the 
London market by fleets 
whose owners had been lured 
to other markets by cheaper 
rates; a tougher stance by 
reinsurers, who have turned 
the screw on terms and condi- 
tions. which has put pressure 
on direct insurers to increase 
rates, and a significant ab- 
sence of large, individual total 
ship losses (war losses in the 
Gulf apart) during the past 
two years. 

But the relentless deteriora- 
tion in the shipping industry 
presents a big question mark, 
and many underwriters fear it 
will undermine the improve- 
ment in premium levels. They 
are increasingly worried about 

By Denzil Stuart 

the amount of sub-standard 
shipping still in service and 
the genera] lowering of stan- 
dards throughout the 

Tony Nunn, chairman of 
the London market's Joint 
Huff Committee, which lays 
down guidelines on rating 
when hull insurances are re- 
newed. believes underwriters 
are still underpricing their 

He suggests a strategy as an 
accompaniment, if not a re- 
placement, for further rises: 

• more awareness of 

shipowners' operations, in- 
cluding crewing 


• greater co-operation with 

classification societies and 

• reductions in premiums to 
be paid into a fund which can 
be set off against next year's 
premium or incurred but not 
reported claims; 

• increased premiums could 
be spread over two years: 

• obtain greater justification 
of hull valuations from 

• insist on earlier reporting of 

• greater cooperation be- 
tween underwriters and 

• greater use of knowledge at 
the disposal of underwriters: 

• greater flexibility in offering 
the right cover for an owner's 
needs but ensuring that cover 
is properly priced: 

• close examination of the 
liability wordings of contracts 
and their relation to marine 

Though competition in car- 
go insurance remains intense- 
ly aggressive, the problems 
here are more deep-seated 
than in the hull accounL 
Marine insurance policies 
were originally designed to 
indemnify losses due to 
un fortuitous circumstances, 
but now insurers appear will- 
ing to insure against every- 
thing that is inevitable. 

Often, cover goes far be- 
yond the bounds of what 
might be considered reason- 
able. and in many cases the 
premium received by insurers 
is less than they used to 
receive for basic cover. 

A hidden world and how it operates 

V t 

* j 

a i s I 

a ib 

rtf-*- -^yr-r^ry-* 

. Though traditionally it main- 
' : -Tains a low profile, the ILU, as 
-I the focus of the marine insur- 
„ ante company sector, process- 
es' about half the marine and 
aviation business transacted 
■?. in the London market, Lloyd's 
. syndicates being responsible 
. for the ether half. 

A small percentage is writ- 
ten by companies outside the 
1'. ILU. As London accounts for 
^ half the worldwide business in 
~ these classes of insurance, it 
means that a quarter of the 
total world marine and avia- 
' tion business passes through 
the ILU. The ILU processes 
: more than £13 billion annual- • 
iy in premiums oabebalf of its 

When ship owners and ex- 
porters of goods ask their 
brokers to arrange insurance 
cover in the London market, 
they usually specify that cover 
be placed at “Lloyd’s and/or 

Most people are aware of 
Lloyd's — a collection of 
individuals who are grouped 
into independent syndicates 
using professional underwrit- 
ers to offer insurance — but 
outside the insurance industry 
there are probably few people 
Z who are aware of the existence 
“ of the ILU, even though its 
member companies - such as 

Commercial Union or Eagle 
Star in the UK, Concorde in 
France, Insurance Company 
of North America is the US or 
Sumitomo in Japan — are 
household names throughout 
many parts of the world. 

- In fact, the ILU at presrat 
has 110 member companies 
representing the majority of 
those conducting marine and 
aviation business in the Lon- 
don market. Membership 
ranges from the major UK 
composites, specialist or 
smaller companies and profes- 
sional reinsurers, to foreign 
companies, .with particularly 
strong representation from . 
France, Japan, Scandinavia 
and the US. . - 

The incorporation of the 
ILU in 1884 by the original 20 
member companies, after cen- 
turies of Crown monopoly in 
England's marine insurance 
market, represented a 19tb- 
century combination of the 
benefits of co-operation with 
the blessings of free enterprise. 
The benefits of membership 
are many, which explains why 
usually there are several com- 
panies awaiting the outcome 
of the ILU’s stringent admis- 
sion criteria. 

In its everyday role the ILU 
is a servicing office, operating 

very differently from most 
trade associations. It becomes 
involved in the insurance 
process only when a broker 
submits documentation (a 
“closing") to it for accounting. 
Then n ensures that the 
closing is correct and, if the 
policy wording is submitted, 
that it obmsponds exactly 
with the detail shown on the 
slip or that any alterations 
have been approved by the 
leading underwriter. 

A large proportion of the 
staff is occupied full-time on 
these tasks. The policy depart- 
ment and accounting centre 
are located in satellite offices 
at Folkestone, Kent, employ- 
ing about 170 of the total staff 
of 220. Data is transferred 
daily between the two centres 
both physically and via com- 
puter terminals. The policy 
departmet processes some 
three million entries annually. 

The pace of automation is 
speeding up, with an updating 
of computer hardware and 
software, and work is now 
being directed at enabling 
direct electronic transfer be- 
tween brokers, companies and 
the ILU. In addition, the ILU 
is playing a leading pan in 
discussions with other seg- 
ments of die London market 


T • i 

All together now! 

We’d like to congratulate 
the Institute of London Underwriters on moving 
into their new building. 

r ■ 

- ? * 1 , 

• ■* 7 


, T * x ■■ 

} 1* - * 

i * 

Willis Faber 

International Jeadersin Insurance and Reinsurance 
Ten Ttittit*Sqii*re.LM>6on EG!®$AX. Telephone: 0M88811L 

on wider communications 

One of the ILlTs original 
activities, which remains of 
paramount importance, is the 
drafting and issuing of techni- 
cal clauses for attachment to 
policies; these are accepted as 
model clauses in many mar- 
kets worldwide. 

The ILU is represented in 
all the major pons throughout 
the world by claims settling 
and survey agents, another 
advantage to member 

Cose liaison is maintained 
with other insurance organiza- 
tions and with government 
departments at home and 
overseas to the benefit of 
underwriters, ship owners and 
shippers. Tire -ILU is repre- 
sented on the committees of 
The Salvage Association and 
Lloyd's Register of Shipping, 
and together with Lloyd’s it 
makes up a host of joint 
market committees, each con- 
cerned with particular aspects 
of the market 

It is the quality of services 
provided by the ILU which 
distinguishes it from most, if 
not ail, other insurance orga- 
nizations in Britain. And as 
Peter Worsfold, the general 
manager and secretary, points 
out, it is “the economies of 
scale which enable us to offer 
these sen 1 ices to members at a 
level of costs which improves 
their competitive situation in 
the world market, and it is 
here that we can anticipate 
future important develop- 
ments taking place." 

The year of 


Pressure on rating levels and 
capacity continues since the 
aviation disasters that horri- 
fied people the world over. 

Nineteen eighty-five was the 
worst-ever year for aviation 
hull and liability claims, esti- 
mated at $1 billion for the 
major western-bail f jetliner 
accidents. Significant in this 
total were four unprecedented 
accidents: the loss of a plane 
worth $95 million, the Air 
India Boeing 747; the highest 
number of passengers killed in 
a single plane, the Japan 
Airlines Boeing 747, 505 pas- 
sengers; the highest number of 
military personnel killed in a 
commercial plane, the Arrow 
Air DC-8, 248 passengers, and 
the highest number of passen- 
gers killed in a hijacking, the 
Egyptair Boeing 737, 60 

Nineteen jet airliners were 
lost, ind tiding five high- valued 
wide-bodied types, compared 
with eight in 1984, none of 
which was wide-bodied. 

Disturbing for underwriters 
is that no common factor 
underlying the losses is dis- 
cernible. As Ray Dowlen, 
chairman of the Aviation In- 
surance Officers' Association, 
which represents the insur- 
ance-company side of the Lon- 
don market, said recently: 
“Most jet airliner types were 
involved, operating a cross- 
section of the world's airlines, 
with the location of accidents 
being well spread around the 


St. Helen’s Trust Limited 

Marine Underwriting Managers for 




on the occasion of the official opening of the 
new Company Marine Insurance Market at 
49 Leadenhall Street 


Congratulations to the l.L.U. 
on the creation of a unique marketplace, 
providing a fine setting to continue the tong 
tradition of service to their membership in the 
London marine insurance market. 

Bishopsgate Insurance pic 
Leadenhall Insurance pic 
Preservatrice Fonriere TJAJLD. 

International Insurance Company of 
Hannover Limited 





29 . 4.86 


’ of The 
01 folio 


aid shi 

s. aged 
i e will 
is also 
n anv- 
il on a mmm 
“ Mr — - 

• new 
'ay the 
. to: 








: was 




HtaPOtFiCb EXCHftMGt UMKWKl'IV il_« 


Established 1720 as Royal Exchange Assurance and now represented in over 80 countries. 

Leslie & Godwin Marine 
for innovative 
solutions to the 
risk business 

For more than 100 years Leslie & 
Godwin Marine has risen to the 
challenge of the ever-changing 
demands of the maritime industry. 
The Company provides a worldwide 
broking service for a comprehensive 
range of shipping and shipping related 
industries. This involves every class of 
Marine Insurance and Reinsurance, 
Protection and Indemnity, Political 
Risks, complex Liability Programmes, . 
Hull, Cargo and Contingency Risks. 

Leslie & Godwin Marine is a 
professional in its field. Enjoy the 
benefits of working with people who 
understand your business. 

Leslie & Godwin Marine Limited 

P.O- Box 219 , 6 Braham Street. London El 8ED. Telephone: 01-480 7200 




* . 

Edited by Matthew May 




Win this 

flight to 
the US 

N «rt week The Times Com- 
pole - Horizons bunches a six- 
week competition in 
conjunction with Digits 
Equipment (DEC* the world’s 
second-biggest computer 
manuncturer. The first prize 
JflU be a weekend for two in 

Cc^i° rk ’ "»«• » 

The competitions's aero- 
nautical theme will reflect 
DECs sponsorship of the 
Schneider air race, which is 
bong held for the third 
successive year on the Isle of 
Wight on June 22. The origi- 
nal Schneider Trophy races 
started in 1913 when a French 
industrialist, Jacques 
Schneider, established it to 
promote aircraft development 
in the early days of aviation. 

The races were timed runs 
by single aircraft The highest 
speed achieved in 1913 was 
45.75 niph, rising to 340 mph 
in 1931. when Britain won the 
event outright with the 
Superraarine S6B. 

The race was re-established 
in 1984 when DEC derided to 


Prize-fighter Supermarine &6B 51596 

Thames Valley 
stops the rot 

By Richard Sarson 

Britain has always suffered 
from a mismatch between the 
training that the educational 
system provides and what 
industry actually needs. 

Lord Young, Secretary of 
Stale for Employment at a 
meeting in London's Europe- 
an Parliament offices last 
week, complained that “too 
much of the State system of 
training is unresponsive" and 
“too many colleges are not 
different enough to what they 

In the computer industry 
this has resulted in a disas- 
trous skills shortage. Today, 
the speed of change in high 
technology means that a train- 
ing course becomes out of date 
after only two and a half years. 
So the educationalists have to 
nut to stand still, both to 
design training courses for 
new entrants, an£ to retrain / 
people already employed. 

In the Thames Valley, the 
heart of England's computer 
industry, a survey by the local 
Chamber of Commerce 
showed that 80% of firms in 
the area find difficulty in 
recruiting skilled staff. These 
shortages are across the spec- 
trum: from professional engi- 
neers to word-processing 
typists. The Thames Valley 
has the additional problem 
that house prices are so high 
that it cannot import skills 
from other more low-cost 
areas. So it has to grow its 

Last week the two Euro- 
MPs for the area. Baroness 
Elies (Thames Valley) and her 
son James Elies (Oxon & 
Bucks), launched an initiative 
to give local industry, particu- 
larly medium and small firms, 
more say in moulding the 
courses of the local universi- 

ties and polytechnics. The 
project is called Target, the 
Thames Action and Resource 
Group for Education and 
Training. It will he funded by 
EEC mo ney from the 
COMETT programme for 
Education and Training for 
Technology, and, it is hoped, 
by the Manpower Services 

Industry, in the shape of 
Rank Xerox, is helping, by 
providing and paying for a 
director tor the project. Later, 
Target will charge local indus- 
try for its services. Ninety-two 
firms have already taken part 
in a survey. Target will have 
permanent staff, who will 
conduct seminars between 
training “demanders” and 
training “providers" to identi- 
fy the demanders' need for 
new or different training 
facilities. , 

- A ' database' of training 
courses in the region will be 
set up on an ICL mainframe. 
It will also analyse patterns of 
employment; the qualifica- 
tions of trainees coming on 
the market and the skills of the 
existing labour force. The 
directors ofTaiget will tell the 
heads of universities and 
training establishments of the 
predicted training needs in 
new technology, and ask for 
changes in the curriculum. 

The European dimension is 
that this will be a pilot project 
for other similar schemes in 
continental countries. - Lady 
EUes hopes that the Thames 
scheme is a “micro effort 
which will become a macro" 
to solve the Community's 
skills shortage in Europe's 
other Silicon Valleys: Greno- 
ble, Toulouse, Bavaria and the 

• New IT college next page 

Look, no hands! 

British Telecom has intro- 
duced the QWERTphone, a 
hands-free featnre phone, 
which can also replace the 
keyboard of an IBM compati- 
ble PC 

It tans the PC into a 
terminal, linked through a 
PBX, to mainframe data ser- 



To work on Applica- 
tion of mulU-user 
micros In general 

experience with R-M 
Cabal an advantage 
1 year contract 
Salary. £io -£12^00 
per annum 
Apply: K- Sullivan. 
Department of General 

Si Bartholomew's Hos- 
pital Medical College. 
Charterhouse Square. 
London. EC1M 6BQ 

rices, like Telecom Gold and 
PresteL So the PC user who 
wants to communicate wiH do 
longer have to clutter his desk 
with modems and auto- 

Even without the PC fink, it 
has an inbuilt telephone direc- 
tory of op to 500 combers, and 
a small four-line screen for 
typing memos and for making 
the telephone more menu- 
driven and friendly than most 
PBX featurephones. With a 
■printer attached, it can also 
replace a telex machine, and 
pass electronic messages to 
other QWERTYphones and to 
the BT Tonto (ICL One Per 

* It costs under £400, which 
most make it one of the 
cheapest computer-terminals 
in the world. BT sees it being 
used by car dealers ord erin g 
spare parts. To sell it as a PC 
keyboard, BT will use micro 
distribution channels rather 
than its own sales force. It also 
plans to sell it abroad. 


IBM PC application knowledge? 

Good communication skills? 
Training or support experience? 

A "yes' to these questions could qualify you to 
join' the professional training and consulting 

Our business is developing and providing appli- 
cations training for major corporate clients and 
for regular public courses. We have openings for 
tutors with experience of PC spreadsheet, 
database and/or integrated packages. 

We offer a competitive salary, a company car 
and high job satisfaction to the right people with 
every opportunity for developing training skills 
and product knowledge. 

Please send CV. including salary record, specific 
product experience and evening telephone num- 
ber to: 

John Pilcher 
Training Manager 
reman Computer Training 

128 Long Acre 

London WC2E 9 AN „ PKmn 

01-379 7515 Can^utBr-WBhg 


sponsor a new event, flown 
over the Solent, which formed 
pan of the original course. It is 
now a handicapped event, 
open to light piston-engined 
aircraft, which fly three laps, 
covering 140 miles. Among the 
60-plus competitors this year 
will be a Spitfire and three of 
the new ARV2 light aircraft 
being built on the Isle ofWight 
Prize money for contestants 
totals £15.000, including a 
DEC Rainbow 100+ business 

computer and a replica of i ht 
Schneider Trophy. The win- 
ners of each of our weekly 
contests will be taken to the 
Isle of Wight as the guests of 
DEG where, at a gala dinner 
winner of the New York trip 
will be announced. The next 
day, the six winning couples 
will be VIP guests at 
Bembridge Airfield, where 
they win watch Prince An- 
drew, president of the Royal 
Aero Gub. start the race, 
which finishes off Ryde Pier. 

Entrants in the weekly com- 
petitions, which will run each 
Tuesday.sianing .on May 6, 
will be asked to construct a 
numerical solution, based on 
the six questions. This answer, 
together with a tie-breaker, 
will be phoned to a competi- 
tion hot line on the Sunday 
after publication. The name of 
the weekly winner will be 
notified in The Times as soon 
as possible after the dosing 
date of each competition. 

Lessons from the other Big Bang 


The computer and electronic revolu- 
tion underway in the Gty of London 
advanced a step further last week. 
The London Stock Exchange and the 
National Association of Securities 
Dealers in the US have put into 
operation a link which will allow the 
transfer of stock price quotations 
across the Atlantic in a matter of 
seconds. The move is a timely 
reminder that the microchip can only 
enhance international stock trading. 

For many in the financial markets 
on both sides of the Atlantic the 
agreement signified more than a 
tra nsatlan tic partnership — the stock 
market can now move around the 
world each day with the dock. ■ As 
dealing ceases in one exchange on one 
continent it can be transferred to 
another. A dealers’ “book" - the 
stock available and the prices — will 
be passed from one market to 
another. The principal participants in 
this global trading house will be the 
US - largely New York - Tokyo and 

Not ev«y continent would be 
interested in sucb trade. The non- 
institutional buyer in the US, for 
example, is concerned largely with 
domestic stock but the technology 
ooukl easily stimulate that market 
The growth of the US market since it 
went electronic is testimony to that 

The Americans bad their Big Bang 
about 10 years ago. The government 
wanted competition increased in the 
market and for the public to be given 
a better deal Electronics made that 
possible. Systems were devised which 


From Bill Johnstone 
in New York 

allowed the dealers in stoqks and 
securities to be linked to an dttrtronic 
stock exchange. 

The Cincinnati version even does 
without an actual exchange floor. The 
British group Software Sciences, the 
subsidiary of Thora-EML, believes it 
might be emulated. in the UK.The 
Cincinnati Stock Exchange is the 

smallest US regional stock exchange,- 
listing about 1300 stocks andjpnmd- 
ing national trading facilities for all of 
its members in 2,700 of the US listed 
equities. . 

According to the designers of the 
computer systems used in the dealing 
network, the automated trading sys- 
tem, which was created using com- 
puters and data communication links 
between the trading parties, showed 
fiow that stock dealing could be 
improved dramatically. 

The core of that success was the 
introduction and development of the 
N ationa l Securities Trading System 
(NSTS). The members of the ex- 
change attached to the system do not 
require a physical presence in 

The essence of these US systems is 
electronically transmitted and gener- 
ated data. The swift compilation of 
that information and its transmission 
can give the dealers in such a network 

an edge. At Prudential-Bache in 
Manhattan, a high-speed data amt 
voice system comprises hardware 
designed by British Telecom and 
devised units from Conrol 


in the British 


market wflf be fierce during this 
autumn's Big Bang. Already compa- 
nies such. as British Telecom and 
Software Sciences are lining up to win 
a good share of the market. -The 
electric revolution is to take place in 
October but a wary City is looking at 
the US experience as a potential 
model IBM, particularly through the 
popularity of its personal computers 
with deates, and DEC arc also poised 
to attack the new stock exchange 

The London Stock Exchange is stiU 
not dear what steps it will take to 
ensure that its members embrace the 
foil benefits of the technology. Its 
own mainframe computer systematic 
Stock Exchange Automated Quota- 
tion (Seaq) system, will offer a facility 
similar to that employed in the US, 
where traders are allowed to buy and 
sell small batches of stock at the touch 
of a button. The batches are in 
predefined volumes to aid brisk 

The dissemination of data is al- 
most as important as the information 
itself Again Prudential-Bache is typi- 
cal of - the- big 'companies whose 
independent high-speed communica- 
tions links are vital After the 
installation of micro and mini com- 
puters in more than 300 branches and 
affiliates across the US, the group is 

perfecting its {flans for a 
satellite network Unking nutttf v 
these locations.: . - 

A satellite dish at - the 
headquarters can rominmucatp 1 . 
seconds with any of these region 
locations, giving the company ***\ 
pendenoc of the national and loca* 
telecommunications earners, suen 
links in the UK would need to be 
provided through BT or ris licensed 
rival. Mercury. But more Jiberaliza- 

tion has been promised in Britain. 

The information providers wdl 
also have a big impact on the new 
British market. British Telecoms 
PresteL, the viewdata service which 
rifl era • finan cial is undoubtedly 
in a. prime position to benefit from 
the hew market Renters has already 
established itself by providing a 
financial information service, as has 

But other new information provid- 
ers will evolve. In the US, some 
dealers have their own information 
banks, which are made available to 
others • ■ ■ 

The Big Bang could also give a 
boost to British cable TV. Such cable 
networks could carry financial pro- 
grammes to be relayed' to the Traders 
as part of their information. New 
York dealers have Financial New. s 
Network — a financial cable TV 
programme — displayed on screens 
for their dealers to monitor. 

„ Britain is poised to follow the US. 
The 10 years' head start which the 
Americans have will be dissipated 
overnight if the British learn, from the 
US failures as well as their successes. 






& home counties 

£18k BASE C £4 Ok OTE 


£17,000 BASIC 
£37,000 OTE 

Is recruiting successful Sales Professionals to sell its exciting new product range into the 
IBM mainframe market place. The products include Relational Database, 4GL an a Electronic 
Mall Software packages. The successful applicants should be in possession of a track record 
of high achievement gal ned se Hina related products into the IBM m IniAnainf rame market 
place. These positions represent the first stage of a planned business expansion and will 
present definite opportunities of career advancement for the ambitious. In addition to the 
very achievable on target earnings on offer, other generous benefits include non-contributory 
pension, private health care, health Insurance and a substantial guarantee. 

REFTB 13255 


One of the leading and most successful data communications companies In the tlK. is 
urgently recruiting for a new key position. The position of Major Accounts Manager requires 
the combined skills of large account development and team management The successful 
applicant should be a top sales professional with several years major account development 
experience at a senior level wttnin the data comma industry. Thebrief will be to maximise 
profitability of a select list of Major Accounts through your own sales expertise as well as 
through the motivation of your own sales team. The seniority of this role is reflected in the 
excellent earnings package. Other benefits include definite career advancement in this 
growing company, quality company car, pension and BORA. REFTL 13562 




£14k BASIC £30k OTE 

This dynamic micro computer sales organisation is recognised as one of the leading 
Independent business systems groups in the (IK. Following their explosive but planned 
growth, giving an impressive turnover in excess of £15 million, they are seeking successful 
Sales Executives to comp lenient their existing highly profitable teams. The key criteria ares- 
setfanotivation, and a proven track record In business micro sales such as IBM and Compaq. 
Their impressive portfolio of clients includes numerous public companies. This Isa superb 
opportunity to joi n an established, rapidly growing company who have gained nationwide 
credibility In the total solutions sales arena.. Excellent company benefits include backup 
from top technical support divisions, high earnings incentives and a choice of superior 
company cat. REF TL 13563 



£20k BASIC 

a dales Professional to sen at senior levels w rerun me vny. i ne company nas enjoyed 
considerable success through the sales of their Banking and investment Software packages. 
Existing users among the extensive client base indude leading Merchant Banks and 
Insurance companies. The successful applicant should po s sess a track record showing high 
achievement gained selling finandal systems or consultancy in the City combined with a 
highly professional approach and foe ability to generate new business. This represents an 
outstanding opportunity to join a respected and specialised organisation with further career 
advancement a strong possibility. In addition to foe very achievable on target earnings on 
offer there Is also a non-contributory pension, private health care, company car and a 
guarantee. .. ■ REFTB 13269. 




To maintain the) r leading edge in the development of large sophisticated Global Banking 
Systems, the Information Systems Division of this International Merchant Bank wish to 
recruit experienced Project Leaders. The succ es sful applicants are likely to have extensive 
knowledge of Eurobond Dealing, Foreign Exchange and/br Money Market Systems as these 
are foe three main areas currently being developed. The Project Leaders appointed should 
be seif motivated individuals who not only lead by example but have a proven ability to 
communicate and work under pressure to tight timescales. Developments are centred on 
IBM equipment, however, the company place more importance on business awareness than 
a particular hardware experience. The salary and benefits on offer reflect the importance 
of these roles. REFTR 13070 



TO £25,000 
-l- CAR (£8,000) 

responsible tor the portfolio Investment management Systems. 
Candidates should have considerable knowledge of investment banking systems and a 
proven track record of ana lysis and design. Suitable applicants should have good academic 
qualifications, the determination to excel' in a demanding environment and possess 
communicative skills expected of high calibre professionals. The company will review salary 
after four months service and In addition will reward employees who are prepared to work 
abroad on a temporary basis. In addition to a very competitive salary, the bene fl Is package 
includes a company car of your choice, BUPA and a pension scheme. REF TM 13552 



TO £20,000 
i- CAR 


The rush Is on for young Graduate Analysts and Programmers, to develop systems ready 
for the Big Bang. This Is never more apparent than at this City based firm of Management 
Consultants, who are specialising in the development of Dealer Room. Foreign Exchange 
and Investment Management systems, ideally aged mid 20's to late 30’s and possessing a 
good degree, candidates should have gained several years experlenc 
and preferably a broad knowledge of a variety of applications. Banking 
preferable, is not essential, as fuN training will be given in this and any nc 
Salaries are excellent dependent on experience in addition to coma 

new haroware&oftware. 
comprehensive benefits. 

REFTP 12996 


A number of international consultancies and 
Consultants with a communications background, 
of areas Lnlcuding finance, industry and science, 

and implementation. Candidates presently performing a technical, support or marketing 
role are invited to apply, particularly those who have worked for a. large user or major 
computer or communications supplier. Degree level education, business acumen and good 
inter-personal skills are essential, 

REF TT 13404 

TO £30,000 
+ CAR 

houses are currently recruiting 
will be advising clients from a variety 
rdwarafeoftware selection, planning 


We have many other National and International vacancies, please contact one of ovr Consultants for details. 




24hrs{10 lines) S 01-439 8302 
S 01-437 5994 

Evervincs S Weekends * (0892) 26736 
X- (0252) 27703. 


TO £16400 



Company: «M ma M WU malar BM umt wflNn the aty oi London utWug fee 

Ilf I ULllltnu St_ Iii mi ■_ l f kta jLi«, - * 

■wTOOot Mr flan MUUK* Mkm uwiniu job n iow. 

PosMtm: Syawmi Anstrat nwpon a Ma tor toe development ol online acoonteig id 1 

te**tans. A protendonat and coofldm parson who can drafcp and fcuMsyiMns aoc- 

omshAir In a eonanorcwwrinese amvonownt. 

Expancnea: Upward* or ffna nan cananan M e xp erien ce pa ined on Iwga development 
a* or m afturao ie e (mi* hardware). A uiumnkn bedttmnd to noi 


•arenas! butac 

teasel toe I 


advanuge. however Ml croea-uainng w* be provided. 

t «nv; 

UP TO £15K + SUB 


. wol stead wNliki tt* oeainriw, snaring al 
end bweotnent*. 

» and AnateVP nvnw wra *» wort h and 
. _ _ _ fiatoon Onmtoptafl and sopporttofl ttenctol aratona. 

A mrnmum o< 18 roorthe COBOL experience gelnaa on naHOa™" 

■ tfciancwi or cw iw nJ* enntorwMnL Preferen c e wto bo given to i 



Company: AoucGsnM Ansnoad aanfca 
—mo* toanoai managements 

dme/vme uackgrowg, hownar. any matitrame experience wa be caretu* conaua 

teraurteM^lnm tedtig experience would be an wtortaga. together mi good 

± A o^ntota opporttety to retrain on to BM and |oia ■ 

IT ptea In hand. gMng w remU oanSd a te cover 





Cway Bto Mehe d end aaocaaafMn — teaaa roowadagtogw* a wawteto coneoutea- 
don* product to c mptoaani Vmk dateng range at aridely used wwama. 

Itetera Ttoo te aaa M out te e we needed la Join a tfrnaraic raid lilgM)rpre«*«*onai 

an extttag new X2S (weed ttea canema pradKL One ratoon wM cm»«r London wad toe Sooth 

But; too odor odd oner the West County, based In EMatoL 

Emwlenca: Suceaaslul u a m * de »ea era aapootod to be high noNevera teti on g a te d ante 
record In the data conMuniadkMS namot Ptee. 

General: A tenfAe apparvnfer tor onbBtoua ooftisalanals to Join wi wnondtag company wbota 

htaflty regarded products are batted ty wrong n ar teto g and t eol wlcel support The geparoue- 

pachaga tdtorad tatodaa BUPA, dtofoa of car and g uara n t ee. 

REft ta an 



REF: TF 1182 


SSSTSF om "**** "* *°***-r*w*» 

fpdarai: iden ttf ywate esacetloo at iaera raqmrawrants tor non* and aetsdng ttoanotet teMtu- 
bQraDin^^»gw propKal aM raansnandadon u tototeantodon. 3 Company's own 
ptodu a range. Ba sed to Surrey, you wiiba wortpng on various dtet tew In Lorafan Bid 
scrngtiung fuui 

" ' nwa to# I aound DP batdwrourd tto partadar ha rdware 

— trateonai} MwtfMge 




£35,000 PLUS OTE 

naatandtop appearance an eaaanM. 

Ganate Three poaflensH 

: 1Y 1TT7 

wo cHfiBE/suppomr 


eBhafeie t raBpg n s W ay.'fdpsalBteaiaiawideraSa^asnatelnSSBiieira ^ ffNw^?^" MAMR ACGtHUfT 
pteanda txtvm pattern scheme. Aosntta to dataNmthQabBfy to Gedyov own a£wes a MANAGER OA / 


TO £15K 

Company ,* ra ter teri d organisa tion udMng awteypi ndooc and 8U nnwriani 

i adore dMston, supporting and 

Pohi« The sucoenU canddata «■ be woridrig Niton 
Mnte usera at ad teefe, 

Etpaiwnea: Em 

support role boot 

SET™* 1 ** ** * NOrttogaa 

Swerifc wmwdon pnyeg era otfsbmdng ana toe cendtoato raa tn tone ha tarpectad to 
^ flrateal paefcage »■ Inctode tobatanflal Denote- MmSSed 

ran c Jftrp wH MM uy miL 




g fenwe itiicn are In grato danand both 


Ctx»toaryPwtte^ wot otrlwpetoirid moat prwdteus 
mm* tteadee covering every aompittr gsnanftm ■ 









in the DK and o vers e e* 


rtHt- iSLui u i st a m aanJl 


(tetepe eod offica autonadCM, _ . 

Postoons: Sasardd m mIM to vartaua tacadona Induing Wan and Osotnd London ottering 

aaay acoaaa to Cfeict ran and tobWtaK fete. Woridng irom purpose budt tnitoese cencres 

oBaring ar od fl a w cSent aurrarateigc ■ pinicuttrty conttoste to Nrttog and m to nrartng good 

h u a toaw nrmr— , ‘B : mrT 

ri ulMwt teda id an anratwdy tega user boat. Ma n i g w n and sraiport la ntilw at ■ the 

Bmoriira£ , |lBS^fa^ l tiimMaulranaiton be tdw re ra te covettog ata Iwd te/ a. M traadtra 
«■ be dlran wtrara rented. Tha wonts “energy, anthustem, conSdenca, good track jwOT 

am ragutariy Wuhan hara tax genuine caraw praopecla of irntwig Mo new bwm ann and 

into raSranamant should be noted and gten cb«M oomldaraaoti. Racan ucemid can*. 

<MestotosXtetiotM now M dote, toted, tootefl lera chalenga orfuB ready pawim 
tore The Job", thoy *ara carious about ctengtog )tte aito dotog aomBtang abora fcelr 

Evening numbers 
until 10pm;- 

0090 25639 
03727 22531 



in a PU1. PC S gra tenreara. »p p*cams hom srawwe twuaea with atwng 

ntortence wtt bo paRtetoV uaaM but nMtg wdf ba ghan ■ natte 

- P"»pac« tortoe a apaqm a»i op portunSyto work vrith 

teMOtogy and to raw dvouphout the wand. Good company SanedK vou wB ba 
to taka on great* re spuiaBiwy . taadtog to pramoaon and in Bma to ~ 

CansuBaU. R&F: tM 1 

Far s cnMertoi dearan jdw these red many adhr rararelas. pteB cau nog tf^ur coiredMk. W» n bm uaeNBstj In resMbf WHi 

theca aandarda are whet you hen coma to aspect, pteda cal tar twthw MonwUan *id« 

neft TY* 11« 


i Ml WWag to ten to ths UC, . 

6th Floor, Empire Bouse, 175 Piccadilly, London W1Z 9DB tdephone, 01409 2844, 01439 8302 (24honra). 

jji /i5x> 


■ 'r-l ; . 

-J-_: . : 



t' ' 

1. . 




IT college 
/rises out 
* of private 

By Frank Brown 
A-new style higher education 
establishment in 

udarmatioa technology «iU 
o poi i n Milton Keynes this 

Its formation has not fair 
volved public money. So it win 
be free of government financial 
cuts and be able to develop new 
approaches to teaching and i 

research in IT. 

The IT Institute is the first 
of its kind to be created Jointly 
b y indu stry and a university 
institution. It is to provide 
te a ch i ng and research for in- 
dustry and commerce. 

More than 25 British and 
Unowned firms have collabo- 
rated with Cranfield Institute 
of Technology and collectively 
invested £3.5 million to set it 

It will be run as a self- 
supporting commercial com- 
pany rather than on normal 
academic lines. The partici- 
pants will hold shares and 
having representatives on fas 
board of directors. 

The board will have direct 
control of the new Institute's 
activities to ensure courses and 
research are geared to indns- 
try requirements and based on 
the world's latest IT resources. 

Launching the new institute, 
Sir Henry Chilver, Vice- 
Chancellor of Cranfield, de- 
scribed it as a milestone in 
industry-university collabora- 
tion and predicted such col- , 
laboration would increase. ; 
said: “Without sponsorship 
from industry, universities and ; 
technical colleges will never be 
able to keep pace with changes 
inlT and provide the quality of 
training needed.** 

Sir Henry gyptafapri that IT | 
is developing so last that most 
equipment becomes obsolete in 
two years and needs replacing 
if training standards ami cost- 
effectiveness are to be 


U Diversities and technical 
colleges cannot make such 
frequent high re-investment, - 
or pay industry-level salaries 
to staffs because of bureaucrat- 
ic funding arrangements. So 
not enough people are being 
trained. Many students are 
being taught on obsolete 
equipment and, after gradua- 
tion, cannot be usefully em- 
ployed until they hare had 
more training on systems in 
commercial use, he contended. 

Initially, the new institute 
wiU- have ft—fhmg and re- 
search nni*B in artificial intel- 
ligence, micro-electronics, 
computer science, software ea- 

ginwrin g nnH rn m im m iinti^ M 


Sponsor companies with ex- 
pertise will second key person- 
nel to cooperate wfafa staff in 
creating find running c our se s 
on the new technologies in- 
volved. The institute wfll en- 
courage staff who hare 
developed new products to 
form their own companies. 
The teaching activity is ex- 
pected to grow to 200 post- 
graduate and 4^)00 short- 
coarse students a year. It also 
aimg to have a fWlI stream of 

Extras to the PC limits 

By Geof Wheelwright 
The ageing IBM PC is being 
fitted with all kinds of elec- 
tronic pacemakers to give it 
more power and a longer life. 

Among these are high- 
powered internal mass-store 
hard discs, which plug into the 
computer and require no addi- 
tional modifications to the 
computer or installation of 
separate power supplies. The 
latter point, however, has 
some computer users worried 
that the new high-capacity 
plug-in devices might over- 
load their machines. 

But the people who sell 
what are known as hard cards 
say that the fear is unfounded. 
Though they admit that hard 
disc add-on devices which do 
not have their own power 

supplies are likely to see the 
PCs power supplies get hot- 
ter. they are within the 
machine's design-tolerance 

But how long will this state 
of affairs continue? You can 
now buy memory boards 
which increase a PCs memory 
to more than 10 times its 
previous maximum limit, add 
up to 30 megabytes of com- 
puter hard disc storage and 
pul add-ons in the machine 
which bring its speed of 
operation up to that of IBM's 
new AT computer. The ques- 
tion is whether such devices 
are a way of staving off the day 
that the IBM PC design be- 
comes obsolete — or just an 
enhancing of what will be the 
industry standard computer 

hardware design for some 
time to come- 

This change of pace in the 
computer industry has made it 
difficult for any standards to 
be established, but the 
strength of IBM's position in 
the market and its own vast 
distribution muscle have cre- 
ated a hardware standard that 
even IBM is struggling to 
break free from. 

IBM's one-year-old AT 
computer, for example, still 
does not have a massive 
amount of computer software 
written specifically for it, de- 
spite the name. The AT can 
run most IBM PC software, 
and the industry has thus been 
cautious about . developing 
software locked into the AT 

Spark of hope for live wires 

■ Anyone who has ever 
logged excitedly on to a big 
new office system and then 
watched it all crumble into 
electronic confusion will 
say a little prayer of thanks for 
two 1BC Technical Services 
publications out this month. If 
advance publicity is to be 
believed, it should never 
happen again. 

Wiring Up the Workplace 
(£55) explains the basic 
planning and implementing 
of a complete communications 
strategy for foe modem 

A problem that somet&nes 
emerges after installation of a 
new system is that of parts 
and maintenance; the book 
explains howto find a 
reliable supplier. 

The authors are Roger 
Camrass, who wrote Buying a 
PABX, and Ken Smith. 

j Financial Trading Systems. 

I 1986\a a new annual guide to 
; equipping a trading room 
with foe /atest technology - ie, 
everything from information 
technology to architectural 

In a series of articles by 
experts such as Paul 
Robathan, author of 
Dealing Room Design, and 
Siobhan Haney. 
technotoqicaJ editor of The 
Banker, foe guide (cost 
£30) sets out to clarify foe 
choice of equipment 
available today. It is divided 
into eight sections, 
covering, say foe publishers, 
“every area from 
communications and 
inhumation systems to 
electrics and furniture ". And it 


looks at wider issues such 
as the property explosion and 

With articles on foe new 
Morgan Guaranty dealing 
rooms and markets such as 
NASDAQ and Intex, it is dearly 
aimed at those who cannot 
wait for the coming city 
revolution. Shoukfgo with a 
big bang. 

■ The link between 
computers and modem rock 
music - electro-pop and its 
myriad variations - is well- 
known, so it is appropriate 
that foe seventh Official 
Commodore Computer 
Show is to feature live 
performances by Rick 

Bffled as “world-famous", 
foe k e yboard s players who. to 
use Compute se, was foe 
true ''liveware" behind Yes, 
will play on two days of foe 
show, In a specially built 
Commodore Theatre at the 
Novotel in Shorfiands Street. 
Hammersmith, London W6. 

The show, which runs from 
May 9 to 1 1 . will also be joined 
by Neil Dickson, 
eponymous star of the 
forthcoming film, Biggies, 
and therefore linked to an 
associated computer game 
due out soon. Dickson, better 
known as Valerius in the TV 
series. Anno Domini, will be 
signing autographs - in 
Latin, presumably - and 

waiting to give interviews at 
foe Mlrrorsoft stand. 

( ■ Two of foe BBC's 
language courses, popularized 
through radio, television, 
books and cassettes, are now 
available In software. The 
packs, produced in association 
with BBC Education, are 
Deutsch Direkti a first-stage 
German course, and A 
Vous La Frances 

The German peck includes 
a software dictionary of more 
than 1 ,000 words and six 
programmes based around 
them, devised by Paid 
Meara of Birbeck College. 
University of London, and 
Maddalena FagandW, 
producer of Deutsch Direkti 
onTV. The French course 
includes 45 programmes 
based on foe book of the 
series and has been 
devised by Doctors Marie- 
Madeleine and Michael 
Kenning. Both include an audo 
tape to help pronounctedon. 

Deutsch Direkti (Bsc and 
audio cassette and booklet for 
the BBC Model B/B Plus: 
£2295; A Vous La France! 
cassettes and booklet for 
BBC Model B/B Plus: £19.95. 

■ Absenteeism is 
considered something of a 
disease in British Industry, 
so Percom, a software 
company, has designed 
what it calls a computerized 
“absence control 
package". The system keeps 
records for up to 20 
different types of absence, 
indurflng sickness, lateness 
and medical leave. 

The laptop 
may yet 
get better 

By Chris Naylor 
By a devious piece of reason- 
ing the recent news that IBM 
is to support 316-inch disc 
drives on its new portable 
computer could well mean 
that one day soon users of 
such machines are dne to get a 
significantly better screen to 
look at and that portables 
really are the product of the 

Not that IBM actually said 
anything like that , 

It did say was that it has 
entered the portable market 
with the PC Convertible, a 
battery-powered laptop ma- 
chine with an 8Gcofumn by 
25-line liquid crystal display 
and two 3%in. disc drives — 
and that it will now s u ppo rt 
3 in. drives on its PC XT and 
PC AT machines. 

But two main problems 
have to date plagued the 
market take-off of portable 

The first has amply been 
the fact that normal floppy 
diy* are 5% inches in diame- 
ter. Now, that may not sound 
like a great difference from 3Vfe 
inches — until you try to spin 
the things around in a disc 
drive. The extra diameter of 
the SKin. drives requires 
much more power to spin 
them than most batteries can 
provide. So ter, that has led to 
one of two difficult 

The first co m pr om ise is to 
make portable machines 
mains, not battery, powered. 
And, if you dunk that a 
computer is still portable 
when you have to ph$ it into 
the maim to make it work, 
you have never tried working 
out of doors, on a train, in a 
car. or on a plane. 

But, in some ways, that is 
actually better than the second 
compromise solution: to use 
3 <6in. drives in a portable at a 
time when IBM did not 
support them. 

It is one thing to be able to 
do your work any ptece and at 
any tune you fed tike it; quite 
another to get back to die 
office with that work on a disc 
that does not fit the drives on 
any of the teg desk machines 
used by everyone else. 

Now, by supporting smaller 
discs, IBM has made the 
battery-powered laptop porta- 
ble that remains compatible 
with non-portable machines a 
true contender in die market- 
place. Already Lotos, Ashton- 
Tate, Pegasus, Compsoft and 
Microsoft are among the top 
software houses planning to 
produce their current software 1 
available on the new format 
The second problem with 
portable machines is simply 
that their display screens are 
mostly terrible. . 

But that may change. If you 
see the PC Convertible as a 
Stop-gap measure to give IBM 
a toe-hokl in the portable 
market and the new 3tein. 
drives as an overall strategy 
designed to ensure that com- 
patibility exists throughout 
the entire PC range until a 
legible-screen portable arrives, 
everything makes a lot better 

itors’ interest 


inns Bank 

The ethical code that governs all accountants 

• From Brian Jenkins, pres- 
ident , the Institute of Char- 
tered Accountants, Moorgate 
Place. London EC2: 

Mr Jacdt (Computer Hori- 
zons, April 15) is very free 
with his aspersions about the 
accountancy profession. His 
criticism amounts only to 
saying that some accountants 
may not maintain in all 

aspects of their work the 
highest standards of compe- 
tence and integrity. Unfortu- 
nately, the same can be said of 
the members of any profes- 
sion. be they lawyers, doctors 
or computer consultants. 

But one of foe characteris- 
tics of a profession is that it 
has an ethical code which 
members are expected to ob- 
serve or risk being disciplined. 

Follow the Bear 
to the Ball... 


Accordingly, the ethical prin- 
ciples of our institute require 
that a member “should not 
undertake or continue profes- 
sional work which he is not 
himself competent to perform 
unless he obtains such advice 
and assistance as will enable 
him competently to cany out 
his task".This applies as much 
to advice on computer matters 
as to any other area of our 

Mr Jacot does not make it 
clear that our members are 
specifically required, when 
acting as agents, to disclose in 

writing to a draft both the fact 
that a commission win be 
received and its terms and 

A chartered accountant who 

fails to observe our ethical 
guidelines when advising on 
computers and their software 
should be reported to foe 
institute. It| investigates all 
complaints against members. 
I would urge anyone with a 
case which can be substantiat- 
ed to present foe evidence to 
the institute. 

• From Hedley Thomas, se- 
nior vice president. Institute of 
Management Consultants. 
Cromwell Place, London 

. . . and meet the names that matter in the computing industry 
The Computer Industry Charity Bali is on 11 th June at the 
London Hilton, in the presence of HRH The Duchess of 

In aid of the Association for Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus 

■ Celebrities including Michael Aspei, Thorn Hird, 

Claire Rayner and Esther Rantzen 

■ Gifts and prizes 

■ Dancing to the Johnny Howard Band 

■ Cabaret with Marion Montgomery 

Tables (for 10) £750 inc. VAT. 4***^^/ 

A few individual tickets areshli |[ ,n ^ ® is 

available.,. ? 

For details contact fc 

Vbl Howard, Dafasolve Limited, % ..ibstf 1 "* 

on (0932) 781266 

jjj Datasolve gmcJahj 

Sponsored by DaUuobe and Amdahl, in conjunction with Computer WwkJy 

New IBM Comp uters! 

Prices are new too ! Morse price on IBM ""PC 
complete with 2 disk drives, mono display, UK 
keyboard, manuals etc £1 1 50. PC-XT ZOmb + 
l floppy etc etc now £1850 complete. AT/E 
20mb + 1-2 mb £2850 complete. And the new 
PC/AT expanded + the new XT SDD. We have 
full info and prices. 


MORSE COMPUTERS 78 Holborn ’ London wclv 6LS - 

1 CIW Telephone 01-831 0644. Telex 262546. 

Wright Air 



At last! A real 


ith Z470 

In stock at Morse: the Zenith 2-170 
Portable PC. IBM compatible, 256k, 
batter^' or mains, 2 5 Vi" disk drives, 
illuminated display, 13” x 9" x 6*. weighs 
14 lb. List £1995; at Morse the price is 
substantially discounted. 

TSB Central Board and An- 
other f Vincent and Another 
Before Mr Justice Scott 
(Jud gment given April 28] 

The assets of the Trwtee 
Savings Bank were held, subject 
to the various statutory ebuga- 
tions imposed on foe bank and 
its trustees by foe Trwtee 
Savings Bank Act 1981 and it* 
rules, upon trust to provide tor 
I npay ment tO its depOHMISOf 

their deposits and of interest 
thereon m accordance with toe 
contracts upon which the depos- 
its were made. Mr Justice Scott 
bdd in the Chancery Division. 

The depositors had no in- 
terest bewnd that; their po- 
sition bang somewhat similar 
to that of a beneficiary entitled 
to capital and interest thereon 
char ged on a trust fund. The 
depositors' interest was fomted 
to the contractual right to 
principal and interest. 

Mr Andrew Momtt, QC and 
Mr Christopher Symons for the 
Trustee Savings Bank Central 
Board and foe custodian trustee; 
Mr Dooakl Ranee. QC and Mr 
Lionel Scon for the Rev John 
Vincent, representing the depos- 
itors; Mr Peter Scott, QC ami 
Mr Timothy Uoyd. QC, for the 
Treasury. . 

that trustee saving} banks began 
in foe early years of foe. nine- 
teenth century as unincor- 
porated associations man a g ed 
by trustees for the benefit of 
depositors whose savings were 
entrusted to them. . 

came from the industrial work- 
ing the intention of the 

founders being to encourage 
taints of thrift, and to dis- 
courage reliance on the system 
of poor relief. 

It was impfich m the relation- 
ship between the trustees and 
foe depositors that no benefit 
was to oe taken by the trustees. 

In 1817 Parliament enacted 
that savings h anlra could pay the 
deposits into the Rank of En- 
gland and receive in ret ur n 
government securities carrying 
interest at a specified rate. 

Thereafter the number of 
trustee savings banks in England 
and Wales grew rapidly, rising 
to over 600 by I860. 

In the later years of foe last 
century, foe numbers declined 
as a result of amalgamations, 
and the process continued until 
by 1971 the number of banks was 
73 but the number of depositors 
had increased to 10.4 million 
•mt outstanding to 

over £3.000 miSon. 

The position today was tint 
foe proc e ss had readied its 
logical conclusion so that there 
was now only one in England 
and Wales, one in Scotland, one 
in Northern Intend and one in 
the Channel Islands. 

On any view foe trustee 
savings banks movement had 
fix- a long time been a major 
hanking and feawhi servic e s 
groupu . • ' 

Ever since 1817 the affairs of 
trustee savings banks had been 
regulated by statute, the latest 
Act, still in force, bring that of 
1981, which pe rmi tted the bank 
to cany an business in sub- 
stance as an ordinary bank, 
inviting and a cce p ting deposits, 
operating current accounts and 
giving overdraft facilities, and 
lending on mortage security. 

By me Trustee Savings Bank 
Am 1985 Parliament provided a 
scheme of reorganization 
envisaging the formation of a 
limited holding company, to 
which its assets would be trans- 
ferred, and which could even- 
tually be privatized. 

The vesting day had not yet 
been fixed, because opponents 
had raised legal objections. 

contending that it involved 
compalsory expropriation with- 
out compens at ion ' of the 
depositors’ interests in surplus 

In proceedmgsrin Scotland by 
Mr James Ross, the Inner 
House of foe Court of Session, 
reversing the derision of foe 
Lord Ordinary, had bdd that 
the savinp bank was not an 
uninempmated association, and 
That depositors were .not mem- 
bers of the bank. An appeal to 
the House of Lords was 
expected. - 

Dr John Vincent was an 
English opponent, but his 
affidavit bad made it dear that 

he was not motivated by any 
desire to obtain some benefit 
out of the bank’s assets over and 
above repayme nt of his deposit 
with interest- thereon. 

He was, however, disturbed 
fay foe change in foe bank's 
character which the reorganiza- 
tion would effect from being a 
phi lanthropic institution, con- 
cerned with foe inter ests o f 
depositors, to a commercial 
- institution, concerned with 
carrying on business for the 
benefit of its shareholders. 

He was offended by foe 
Government's intention to pri- 
vatize the bank. He was assert- 
ing publicly that depositors had 

an interest in the surplu s ass ets. 

It was therefore not surprising 
t h at the bank wanted the ques- 
tion settled, and had made him 
a defendant.' asking for a 
representation order that he 
represent aD depositors. 

What was at issue was 
whether the depositors had any 
proprietary rights in the bank's 

surplus assets. 

fa c onsidering what answer to 
give foe simplest route would be 
to decide foe question by ref- 
erence solely to the terms of the 
1981 Act, as the Inner House of 
the Court of Session had done, 
but his Lordship thought a 
impossible to resolve the rival 
issues without considering foe 
an tecedent legislation, since foe 
rights of the depositors were not 
exhaustively there set out; 

Their rights were derived 
from transactions whereby 
deposits were placed with the 
hank and. could not be divorced 
from foe history of tiie previous 
if yrfarinn, and the depositors’ 
relationship with the bank. 

It was diffic ult to escape the 
conclusion that under the 1817 
Act the depositors did enjoy 
proprietary interests in the 
tank's assets, and his Lordship 
did not accept Mr Motrin's 
submission that under tbe 1817 
Act the relationship between 
depositors and bank was purely 

There was no alternative to 
the conclusion that foe sur- 
pluses belonged in equity to the 
depositors; but it was plain from 
sections 22 and 23 of the 1828 
Act that it was intended to 
deprive the banks of the power 
of returning to depositors tbe 
post-November 20. 1828 sur- 
pluses.'' - " »'■ - 

Mr Rattee submitted, relying 
on Holmes v Henry ((1836) JO 
Bli NS 25 5X that even after 1 828 
the depositors remained in eq- 
uity foe owners of all the bank’s 

assets notwithstanding tbe 1828 


He fastened on the words of 
Lord Cottentam in that case. 
Mr Monitt submitted that his 
words were obiter and incorrect 

In his Lordship's view. Lord 
Cottenham was correct in regard 
to tbe.prerl828 assets, but that 
post 1828, the position was 
different, and that foe surpluses 
could not in -any circumstances 
become payable to the depos- 

In 188 an Act was passed 
enabling a trustee savings bank 

to transfer savings accounts to 
the Post Office, but toe amount 
transferable was limited to prin- 
cipal i ^pgal. 

An: amending Act of 1863 
required the tr us tees of a bank 
winch closed to pay foe surplus 
funds to foe National Debt 
Commissioners, the depositors’' 
claims being satisfied by pay- 
ment of any principal and 

An Act of 1891 established an 
inspection committee to super- 
vise the bank’s accounts and 
affairs and section 5(2) pre- 
vented the commissioTiers from 
making any repayment of ror- 
phis funds to the bank except 
with the ccaseat of foe commit- 

For AcoutideraUe time, foe 

commisskroets had, maintained 
a special surplus ftmds accou nt , 
enabling it to be ascertained 
what surplus funds had mow 
from which trustee savings 
bank, but by section 3 of the 
1958 Acta separate surplus fund 
account was abolished, except in 
the case of banks which tad 

In 1976 the Centra] Board was 
established and the surplus 
funds transferred to it 

All those statutory provisions 
regarding surplus assets were 
inconsistent with retention by 
depositors of some interest 

T urning to the 1981 Act, 
“savings bank 1 " was defined in 
terms corresponding closely 
with those in section 1 of the 
1817 Act that is, as “a society 
formed ... for the purpose of 

establishing and maintaining an 

institution in the nature of a 
bank (i) to accept deposits . . . 
(ji) to accumulate the produce of 
the deposits ... at c ompo und 
interest and (ill) to return the 
deposits and produce to the 
depositors after deducting any 
necessary expenses of manage- 
ment but without deriving any 
benefit from tbe deposits or 
produce”. , _ 

That was an unhappy d«m- 
nition, and was obscure, in its 
meaning - It certainly did not 
represent what in fact trustee 
savings huni-c did with money 
paid in by depootors. 

At least since 1828 no trustee 
savings hank bad or could 
return the whole of its e arnin g s 
from the deposits. 

First, the statutory provisions 
would prevent it, and second, 
the accounting difficulties 
‘would be not just formidable 
but insurmountable. 

Tbe terms of the contract 
between depositors and the 
bank excluded by necessary 
implication any right of depos- 
itors to surplus assets. The 
tank's accounts tad been drawn 
on tbe footing that its liabilities 
to depositors were limited to 
principal and interest due to 

An order for the payment of 
the amount due in respect of 
surplus assets could never be 
quantified, noth in J977 10.4 
" mflBro’tlqw sMd with an av- 
erage balance of £109. 

Accordingly his Lordship 
held that deposi to rs had no 
interest in the surplus assets, 
whether as a going concemor on 

Whether those condnaons 
would be of any assistance to Dr 
Vincent or whether they pro- 
vided any reason for the Trea- 
sury to be inhibited from 
appointing foe vesting day un- 
der the 1985 Act were not 
matters for his Lordship. But 
the proposed reorganization 
would make no practical dif- 
ference whatever the propri- 
etary rights of tiie depositors. 

Solicitors: Theodore Goddard 
& Co; John Howell A. Co, 
Sheffield; Treasury Solicitor. 

Quaker school is not a commercial 
venture under employment law 

78 High Holborn, London WC2V 6 LS. 
Telephone 01-831 0644. Telex 262546. 

It has always been a sine qua 
tun that our members disclose 
to dients any financial interest 
in goods or services recom- 
mended or supplied. This is 
part of our Code of Profes- 
sional Conduct 

A number of problems in 
the computer field raised by 
Mr Jacot's article do not 
confront dients of institute 
members. For example, in 
making an evaluation of 
equipment/software consul- 
tants are obliged to establish 
the produces) most suited to 
client n eeds taking account of 
the computer interface with 
other parts of foe organiza- 

Our members operate pro- 
fessionally with broad busi- 
ness knowledge. The 
temptation to recommend 
technological bundles never 

Market intelligence increas- 
ingly indicates that clients will 
accept nothing less than col- 
laboration with ethical man- 
agement consultants who 
achieve levels of up-to-date 
skill, knowledge and experi- 
ence attributable to Institute 
membership -foe recognized 
individual qualification for 
professional consulting work. 
This eliminates client risks 
sug^sted by Mr Jacot 

Mr Jacot cites the account- 
ing profession as one where 
“most of them are also in the 
business of sefling either com- 
puter equipment or software" 
allegedly concealed “behind a 
fog of evasion and excuses”. 

I believe the exact opposite 
to be the position. The normal 
practice is to help the client to 
specify his systems require- 
ments in writing before agree- 
ing with foe dient foe criteria 
for supplier selection. 

Our evaluation of suppliers 
proposals and quotations is 
based on the agreed criteria 
and our reasoning for choice 
of preferred supplier is 
clear to foe diem. 

Woodcock and Others v Com- 
mittee of tbe Friends School 
and Another 

Before Mr Justice French, Mr T. 
Batbo and Mr J. Vickers 
[Judgment delivered April 1 1] 

A Quaker school with char- 
itable status was bdd to be an 
undertaking which was not in 
the nature of a commercial 
venture for the purposes of 
regulation 2(2) of tbe-Transfer of 
Undertakings (Protection of 
Employment) Regulations (SI 
1981 No 1794) so that the 
regulations did not apply and 
teachers employed at the school 
immediately before its sale had 
to bring their d a mn for 
compe ns ation for unfair dis- 
missal against tiie committee 
who had managed the school 
rather than against tiie new 

bunaL by a majority, dismissed 
an appeal by Mr John Wood- 
cock and four others from a 
decision of a Carlisle industrial 
tribunal last September on a 
preliminary issue as to whether, 
for the purposes of regulation 5 
of tbe 1981 Regulations there 
was a relevant transfer from the 
first respondeat, tbe committee 
for the tune being of the Friends’ 

School Wigton. to foe second 
respondeat, Gen wise Ltd. They 
bad appealed on tbe ground that 
the industrial tribunal had erred 
in law in bolding that the 
regulations did not apply- 
Regulation S provides; “(D A 

relevant transfer shaft not op- 
erate so as to terminate the 
contract or employment of any 
person employed by the trans- 
feror in the undertaking or part 
tra ns f er red but any such con- 
tract which would otherwise 
have been terminated by the 
' transfer shall have effect after 
tbe transfer as if originally made 
between the person so employed 
and the transferee 
- “(2) ... on tbe completion of 
•a relevant transfer (a) til the 
transferor’s rights powers duties 
and liabilities under or in 
connection with any such con- 
tract. shall be transferred ... to 
tbe transferee." 

Regulation 2(1) defined 
“undertaking" as including 
“any trade or business" but 
excluding “any undertaking or 
part cf an undertaking which is 
not in the nature of a commer- 
cial venture". 

Mr David Mackay for tbe 
teachers: Mr John Hand for the 

that for over 150 years the 

school had been run under tbe 
management of the committee. 

In 1984 it became necessary 
to dose the school for financial 
reasons, and foe teachers were 
given notice^ Between tbe giving 
Of the notices and their expiry 
an agreement for the sale of the 
school was made between the 
committee and Genwise Ltd. 

In their originating applica- 
tions foe teachers made com- 

plaints of unfair dismissal 
against the committee and 
Genwise The industrial tribunal 
found that the school was of 
charitable status ’ run with the 
assistance of money given by 
charitably disposed people. 

They found that members of 
the committee were unpaid and 
only received modest expenses 
and that there was no profit 
motive involved, the aim of the 
committee being to break even. 

The teachers contended on 
appeal that the activities carried 
on by the committee were of a 
commercial nature in that they 
charged pupils fees and had tbe 
possibility of malting a profit or 
running at a loss. 

The appeal tribunal, by a 
majority, would, uphold the 
industrial tribunal's decision; 
The words “in the nature of a 
commercial venture" were very 
m uch a: matter of first 

Undoubtedly there was an 
undertaking in the sense of a 
trade or business. But tbe way m 
which the school was organized 
and its finances were conducted- 
and its charitable status com- 
bined to make it an enterprise 
which could not fairiy be de- 
scribed as a commercial ven- 

' The appeal would- be dis- 
missed and leave to appeal 
granted.. ... 

Solicitors: Burnetts, Carlisle; 
Ford & Warren, Leeds and 
CartmeU Mawson A Main. 


A closely guarded secret? 

in a recant article on law 
rtntnhnsBg published in a 
leading Sunday newspaper 
it was mistakenly reported 
that no British based 
service was now avaflabte. 
Nonsense! LAWTEL is 
British. It has been pub- 
Bshed on Prestel (page 251) 
for years. Last month alone 
it was. accessed over 
112,000 times. 

ifa used by hundreds of 
lawyers in their offices and 
homes. The Police use it 
Local Government use it 
It's used in the foraries of 
both Houses of ParSament, 
the Law Society and the 
Supreme Court It's even 
used by lawyers in New 
Zeeland (at the . .same 
running cost as appfies in 

LAWTEL offers an onfine 
digest of case law and 
■effstation. it’s always up to 
date, it’s inexpensive and 
easy to use and it's pro- 
duced in Britain by British 
lawyers. So why the cover- 
up, we should be proud of 
W Further information may 
be obtained from Lawtel 

(Marketing) Ltd, 46 Bedford 

Row, . London WC1R 4LR. 
Tel: 01-430 0776. 


international ltd 

Exceptional opportunities and financial rewards 

Our client the'Kuwait Oil Company (K.S.C.), has an immediate 
■ vacancy for a Qualified Legal Adviser to work in their legal 
department in Kuwait Candidates with a degree in Law must also 
be fluent in written and spoken Arabic, with at least 6 years 
" experience of drafting, reviewing and checking company 
contracts and tenders covering the legal aspects of: personnel, 
Industrial, commercial and company law. The position involves 
considerable liaison with government departments and 
preference will be given to candidates with previous Middle East 
Oil industry experience. 

An excellent benefits package includes 

Tax Free Salary, Full Family Status where i iff 1 

appropriate including accommodation, I ALJ*! 

Generous Leave, Paid Air Fares, Free 

Medical and Dental Treatments etc. ^ amrna^u 

Application with full CV including salary history and quoting 
. reference 5075P to John Stevens, TEAM-SEL 
INTERNATIONAL UNITED, 2 WDfred Street, Westminster, 
London SW1E6PH. 

Recently Qualified Lawyer 

to be 

Taxation Specialist 

£12— £14,000 

Merchant Investors is a progressive, unit-linked life assurance and 
pensions company based in Croydon. 

We seek a numerate young lawyer who will quickly absorb the tax 
computations of this industry and negotiate effectively with the 
Revenue. He/She will also provide advice to management on all 
aspects of taxation. 

Reporting to the Financial Controller; the role offers considerable 
scope for career development in a market-led organisation. 

Please write with a full CV. to John Miller ftersoonel Manager. 
Merchant Investors, PO Box 35. Leon House, 233 High Street, 
Croydon, Surrey CR9 1LP. 






The continuing expansion of our 
nractice means that we are again 
seeking an able solicitor to undertake 
conveyancing. The work will be var- 
ied and interesting, involving both 
commercial and residential convey- 
ancing. Preference will be Siven to 
applicants with some post -Qualifica- 
tion experience, although thosewho 
are newly admitted will also be 


We also require an able general trust 
and probate assistant, having the ca- 
pability of administering trusts and 
estates, preparing trust accounts and 
having a good working knowledge of 
taxation and the preparation of wills. 

Please apply with CV in confidence to 
R.A.B. Frost 99 Akfwych 
London WC2B 4JF. 

ins & Wood 

Hopkins & Wood, a rapidly developing City practice, aiming 
to achieve sta nd ards of the highest technical excellence in a 
cheerful and firendly atmosphere, wish to recruit outstand- 
ingly able young lawyers of real promise for the following 
areas of the firm:- 

- Company/Commerdal 

- Commercial Litigation 

• Intellectual Property litigation 
. - Property 

Successful candidates are likely to have up to 2 years relevant 
post qualification experience, although other candidates of 
real ability and promise will be considered. 

Please reply with C.V. to:- ~ 








We are always looking for lawyers of high calibre in the fields of 
■ Enterteinment Media and Leisure. - - - 

Our current need arises from our rapid expansion of Film, 
Television Records and Music Publishing work and is for 
solicitors with at least two years experience of contracts in these 


The ability to relate well to clients is essential as is the capacity 
to work efficiently under pressure. 

Please .write with full c.v. to:- 


Company and Commercial Department 

We have recently formed a new 
department to handle Company 
and Commercial work. 

We wish to make new 
appointments in this department, 
which al though recently 
established, already has a sound 
base of substantial clients, many 
of whom are engaged in 
insurance, shipping, or 
international trade and finance. 

In addition to2 to 3 years relevant 
post qualification experience we 
could use a good academic record 
and ability to work effectively 
underpressure and a sense of 
. humour. We are committed to 
growth and to early advancement 
to Partnership. We offer 
exceptional prospects. 

Write to, or telephone our 
Consultant, Mrs. Indira Brown 
with details of your background. 
Corporate Resourcing Group, 

6 Westminster Palace Gardens, 
Artillery Row, London, SW1P 1RL 
quoting reference 2 1 39. Telephone 
01-222 555, or, if you prefer, at 
home between 8 p.m. and 9 p.m. 



LONDON (2), 

ftr yHr-wfioing ?m?hTvitBd fo r a ^ 

One post is in the Legal Aid Head Office in London and 
the ot 3 iersaremtoLond(Hi,Btightonand Reading Area Offices. 

Applicants should have practical experience of cavil dr 
/-r im malLpgwl A id j*r»rl preferably general administration and 
rwmwte o work. Legal Aid offers a wide variety of d em a n d i ng 
work in an increasingly busy ^environment; subject to pressure 
both in terms of volume and the standards reqmrea. ■ 

p Of yi rn gn chig salaries, depo ioiiiR OD 3ffi.c^Jcri6PC6 apd • 
location will be in a range rising to £19,006 per aimnm<under 

Ifle^espaperHouse. 8-16Great New Street, London EC43B 



Requires Litigator to run West End 
branch office of young, fast expanding 
practice. Salary according to 
experience. , v ' < " " ■ 

Telephone 01-302 6131 or apply in 
writing to 9/11*1 H&3B9&- Stdctta 
Kent DA14 6HM. 


Urgently required for busy and expanding 
Insurance Litigation Department of 
medium sized City firm. 

Salary and conditions will attract applicant 
of suitable ability. 

All applications in writing with C.V. to be 
sent as soon as possible to:- 

Mr R.C. Evans, 

Stanleys & Simpson, North, 
Swan House, 

35 Queen Street, 

London, EC4R 1BX. 


We are seeking a lawyer - either a Solicitor or a Barrister prepared 
to transfer - to participate in and promote the company and 
commercial practice of the firm. The opportunity arises due to 
the forthcoming retirement of one of our senior partners and the 
major part of the work will be on behalf of a thriving, indepen- 
dent family Brewery Company client with 160 public houses 
mostly in the northern Home Counties. 

The successful applicant is likely to be a practically-minded law- 
yer under 45 years old with at least 5 years post-qualification 
experience. This is an exciting and demanding job which will 
provide a wide variety of interesting work and the required 

of partnership and substantial remuneration according to age and 

We also wish to recruit a newly or recently qualified Solicitor to 
assist a partner dealing mainly with commercial conveyancing. 
There are good career prospers for the successful applicant. 

Applications will be treated in strict confidence and should be 
sent with GV. to CJ.N. Longmore, Esq., D.L, Senior Partner, 
Messrs. Longmores, 24 Castle Street, Hertford, Herts., SGI 4 

County Coroner 
for Surrey 

The appointment of this independent Officer of the 
Crown is the responsibility of the County Council 
and arises from the forthcoming retirement of 
Colonel G. M. McEwan, MB ChB. 

Applications are invited from Solicitors, Barristers, 
or Medical Practitioners of not less than five years 
standing for this full-time appointment The successful 
applicant will be asked to take up office on the 
1 0ctober, 1986. 

Currently the salary for this appointment is £22,263- 
£24,774, plus a Surrey Allowance of £315. The post 
is superannuate. 

The person appointed will be responsible for the 
appointment and payment of a Deputy and will be 
required to provide Surrey based office accommod- 
ation and ancillary services. The expenditure invohted 
will be reimbursed by the County Council. 

Application form and farther details from Clerk & 
Chief Executive, County Hafi, Kingston upon Thames, 
KT1 2DN.1N: 01-541 9789. (Ref: MSD/48.) 

Closing date: 19 May 1986. 





Our rapidly expanding practice requires a self-confident and determined 
Commercial Assistant of at least 2 years experience with a sound knowl- 
edge of company acquisitions and disposals, amalgamations, 
management buyouts, commercial agreements and public company work. 
The ideal candidate for this varied and challenging position will come 
from a large or medium-sized City firm or a smaller specialist practice. 

We offer the right applicant a highly competitive salary, good prospects 
and. a pleasant and professional working atmosphere in a continually 
growing practice in the City. 

_ Please write with a comprehensive curriculum vitae to? 









SALARY £6,810 . £7,206 PA 

Applications are invited from young qualified 
Barristers and Solicitors for this post which pro- 
vides an excellent oppemmity for someone to 
embark on a career in Magistrates Court 
National conditions of service apply. 

Full particulars and CV together with names and 
addresses of 2 referees should reach me by Fri- 
day tire 9th of May 1986. 

R. J. Haynes, 

Clerk to the Justices, 

Magistrates Court, 

Bromley. BR1 IRD. 



Appointment of Trainee Court Ctark. AppScations are in- 
vited tram persons wishng to commence or fwther a 
career in Mageetena t Service. Applications should ideally 
be from newly qualified Barristers or Solicitors or Gradu- 
ates who have passed the Law Society FnaL (Articles of 
cterksfap maybe available in appropriate cases). 
Apptacabons win etoo be considered from Law graduates 
who have completed or who are about to complete the 
Professional Examinations 

The Salary wd be within the range of £3.384 to £6.753 
subject to a minimum E&549 for Solicitors or Barristers. 
The post is Super Annuabie. subject to Medcal Assess- 
ment and the JNC Conditions of servica 
Applications gnmg fufl particulars, qualifications, experi- 
ence and age tooetfter wrth the name and addresses of two 
referees to reach me not later than the 19th of May 1988 in 
an envelope marked CONFIDENTIAL 





A bright communicative person with an under- 
standing of legal disciplines (no quals. necessary) Is 
need immediately to help us operate our 


Duties include liaising with firms of solicllars and 
interviewing candidates. Part-time considered. 
Could suit overseas legal person available Uus 

01-248 1139 

All nwi(s lo the manager. ASA LAW 
6 T Ludgete 5a. L LOCATE HILL LONDON ECflM 7 AS 


Recent instructions have been taken from our 
leading client practices who seek able and 
ambitious young solicitors to ensure their 
continued excellent reputation and growth. 

Those applicants who are of particular inter- 
est are recently admitted solicitors, who wish 
to develop demanding and rewarding careers, 
in the Company/Commercial and Commercial 
Conveyancing fields of Law. These are areas 
of development which promise excellent fu- 
ture prospects to Lawyers of calibre. 
However, those newly qualified solicitors who 

newly qualified solicitors who 

alternatively wish to develop a career in Liti- 
gation, wifi not be disappointed by the 
considerable number oi vacancies registered 
with us in this discipline. 

‘Personnel i§| 

8—— mmi bi imgH a diB B iiMiBim 
95 AttvyOt London WCSBAFW 01-242 1281 

Fax. 01 -531 2901 


require immediately 


Our extremely busy specialist practice urgently 
needs another Assistant Solicitor with the drive 
and ability to deal with a large variety of com- 
mercial disputes in both litigation and 

Are you ambitious, enthusiastic and hardwork- 
ing? Do you respond to a challenge? if so. we can 
offer you a unique career with excellent pros- 
pects in a stimulating, lively and friendly firm. 

Apply with CV and photo to us at 24/27 Thayer 
StreeL London W1M 5LJ, marking envelope 
“reft ATM”. 


We are an expanding firm of Mayfair solicitors 
and have vacancies for 2 assistant solicitors in 
our commercial property and company com- 
mercial departments. 

Please write with fell CV to: 

S J Southall, 

J Etliou Brooks Southall & Company, 

84 Brook Street. 

Grosvenor Square. 

London. WJY 1YG 

S fc 5p6_ I I - ■ 9'KiM’at 







K2 Tax/Ihist/Probatt^^ 


a young and lively team an ^ ’f I ? l din ^ 3 qualified solicitors. 



City Practice 

1 10 3 years enrolled- mhc Ciy 

The * I*— Ttth00to6y 

^^^Sgrfea. nplaagrecnMiB- ^^ondidrae-ai 

^‘^i?irSBSs:! s — sss,,- ‘"' 

weak closely with 00 c of dte practice 

Oiy scale. . telephone Robert 

If you wish to discuss this turner Simkm L-P®* 26-28 

sfearsag”^ - 


^ BS5!L,mt\ M*SS«.-T CONSULTANTS— I — 

■ « 

• • 

A wide-ranging role ... a 

London c.£18k 

British Telecom's Solicitors Officers s^kingan 
ambitious perceptive Solicitor with a minimum of 
1 year's admission to join a small team withm its 

extensive Commercial Department. 

The brief will be to advise on and handle a 


issues and transactions. This professionally 
challenging and stimulating work will provide a h gh 
level of 9 responsibility and scope for mrtiative within 
the framework of a fast-changing and rapidly 

fast moving environment 

expanding range of businesses. Some overseas 

^ Sft35tfb. d£18,000 With ««»ant 

The Solicitor (AGV), 

British Telecom Centre, 81 Newgate ;*•* 

London EGA 7Ai. Telephone: 01-356 5886/ 5887. 



uh area leading intematiciTial CQmfenya|da 
inN E. Hants. We require an additional soucror or 

Banker for our small M ‘^V.__ + „ QSfira H„ n 

ssaasss sssp. 

• -.-r-i: .*-•• ..j<v 

, ''^fGR'TH 

WfrwNfTpm^ m 





Salary Scale 
£ 12,498 - £ 14,337 


To carry out a range of ‘-onveyarKiing 
work assisting the Principal Legal Officer 
in conducting litigation in the County 
Courtand High Court and advising other 
departments on legal mattersJn toe 
sence of the Principal Legal Officer, hie 
appointed person will be raapomlblG for 
n, e day to day management °f the Legai 
Deoartment in Skelmersdale. Applicants 


paid where appropriate. 

Further details and application forms avail- 
able from and to be returned to. 

Director of Finance 
Administrative and Legal Services 
Commission for H» New Towns 
Glen HouM.Sta« Pla®* 

Tm£S*i W 77= - Ex. 319/307 
between 9.00 am and 4.45 pm. 

Closing date: 16th May 1986 




capable of dealing with heavy 
general workload including ad- 
vocacy who wishes to settle in 
South Somerset please contact 
John Cooper on (04606) 2777. 

Top Salary 



A small but enthusiastic team wouWbeglad te> 


* he U lS^Led Group is one of Britain, major 
Ss ^ industrial chemicals with a turnover of 


3 E 355 Kb&=» 

business activities of the Group. ^ n . 

Although the Group’s headquarters areinL^di a . 
the jobentaJis frequent travel to other locahons .n the UK 

° C j^ou n ^^rrtere^^' t p^ se wrrte to sa Y’ n9 
why an ^ e E nC ^ e ^° Compan y S^ete^jCIBA-GElGY PLC, 
30 Buckingham Gate, London SW1E 6LH. 

Gateway House, 


Basing Wan 20262 


control systems, mcreased personndand 
training services and amajor review OI 
computerisation. The EhrKtor also has a 
role as a Departmental Secretary of the 

the Director to act as spokesma n in. the 

Legal Aid is adnnmstereo. irom a 
Head Officain London and operates 

through 15 Area Offices in E n gfonrt and 
Wales together with ACcoants ana 

Compater & Communications . . 

Departments, alsoin Londocjwith a total 


stlfl of 1,400: The Legal Aid Service deals 
with over 300,000 applications for Legal 
Ai d eg*** 1 year carrraitly increasi n g at 

LK»b,uuinuuww»»'"»' — ■ 

Conditions of service are linked to 
those of the Civil Service and include an 
nrmnal salary review, index linked 
contributory pension scheme and 30 
working days Leave- 

Pi ease send details of education, 
career development, experience and date 
available to the Personnel Manager 
T«pg»l Aid, Legal Aid Head Office, 

8-1 ©Great New Street, London EC3 4BN 
by the 9th May . 1986. 

a vnnanev for a Senior Legal A dvisor has arise n in the AAs 



lanal swfuice tO USSSSihe Association. In addition 




P01/2 El 1,937 p* - E13JS78 pa. and FOB WRje 
pi - El 3,578 pa. mc iusiye (axpertenced Le^l faeo- 

h to undertake a wide variety of york oyer 

H«Sr ir 

as ^^S^p teaset ^ honeorwme,o: 

Mrs. J. Hotaoft, Personnel Officer, 


AA Fanum 

/In Basingstoke, HanteRGzi 2 ca 
Tel: Basingstoke (0256)) 4S29 7 1. 


Scale 1 to Scale 5 Up to £8.697 

This vacancy, which fe : available from 
September, provides, an opportunity for 
someone with a lively- mind and an inter- 
est in obtaining * challenging career in 

local government. 

Further details - and application form 
are available from the County Person- 
nel. Officer, County Ha^^helniwrfo^ 
CMT 1 LX. Teh Chelmsford (0245) 
267222 ext 2017; Closing date 14 
May 1986. 

Wake Smith & Co 

Ovil/Commerdal Litigation 

Due to the premature retirement of 
one of our litigation Partners, we have 
an immediate vacancy for an Assistant 
Solicitor wishing, to specialise in high 
grade civil/ commercial litigation in- 
cluding employment law. 

You should have relevant experience 
m this field and be able to handle a 
substantial workload. Salary wiH be at- 
tractive and will reflect the 
responsibility, of the position. 

As an established and expanding firm 
we also have vacancies for specialised 
company/commercial Solicitors, far- 
ther details of which will be given to 
interested applicants on request 
Please .apply to John Gaunt, Wake 
Smith.- & Co., Telegraph House, High 
Street,. Sheffield SI 1SF. 

kr'A ^ 

' " ; 


SPAY APRIL 29 19 Si 


-•: 1 :* .’“N.- 

l,rs tori 


Trainee Court Clerk 

Trainee - Admin Div # C' 

£3,384 - £8,178 

A vacancy has arisen in the Southend on 
Sea and Rochford Petty Sessional revi- 
sions for a Trainee Court Clerk. This post 
would be most suited to a law. graduate 
who has passed the Part II examinations 
of the Law Society and is looking to obtain 
Articles . Applications from newly qualified 
Banisters and Solicitors or from Law grad- 
uates wishing to pursue, a career in the 
Magisterial Service are also encouraged. 

Commencing salary will be in accordance 
with age and qualifications. As an indica- 
tion someone who has passed the Part U 
examinations could anticipate a starting 
salary in 'the region of £6,000 - £6,600. 

Application form and further details are 
available from theCteric of the Commit- 
tee (Personnel Section), County Hall. 
Chelmsford CM1 1LX Tel: Chelmsford 
(0245) 267222 Ext 2017. Closing data 
14 May 1 986. 

For informal enquiries please telephone 
either Mr D. Chandler, Clerk to the Jus- 
tices. or his Deputy Ian “Gill on 
Southend (0702) 348491. - 

Gabriel Duffy Consultancy 


Our cfient is currently recruiting both recently quaffled 
tewyera and those with up to Syaora POE to assist in 
the following departments: Cffftfowy/Conmmsial 
Propohr. Trad aad Probate. Tax ni MeHectoal 
Property. The vacancies exist within a major City prac- 
tice and the benefits and back-up faculties are 
exoafent Recent qualifiers wff gen fret class expert- 
ance and encouragement to develop their knowledge 
to its futt potential More senior candidates wfflbo 
given the opportunity for immedate responsMBty and 
far those who can snow commit m ent to the continued 

far those who can snow commit m ent to the continued 
expansion of this fast-moving firm the prospects are 
frniftess. tf you have achieved good acadenfic results 
and are efisttustorad with your present salary or pros- 
pects you must apply. 

Claire Wiseman - Legal Division, 

Gabriel Duffy House, 17 St Swiftens Lane, 
Cannon Street London EG4N SAL 
Tel: 01.623 4295 


have the following vacancies: . 
t Anfetant Solicitor with two to three years 
experience to do a wide Variety of 

2 AsMbnt SoB dt w or Legal executive to 

do probat^trust work. Must also be able td 
undertake some conveyancing. Newly .admit- 
ted person win be considered. 

Both positions cany competitive salaries. 
Please send hill curriculum vitae, in confi- 
dence. to: 

Christopher Rkhardeeu 
MackrtU Ik Ce 

31 Bedford Street 
Leaden WC2E 9EH 


Bright Prospects, attractive salary, foreign travel. 
Interesting & varied work for Assistant Solicitor In 
Overseas Property /Leisure department of leading 
Law firm. The successful candidate win be a good 
pradtal Lawyer. mM/late 20‘s, of smartapnear- 
ance. a good communicator & unafraid of 

TELEPHONE 01-229 9181 

ref MC/JE 



We art a rapidly otpandin* four brant* Practice with Offices in 
Greater Mandrener and London. V/t require t yoantima w 
enibususuc Lawyers to join our Civd Lraganon pepunmoii m 
Tameade branch. The vwridoad mainly ndhKKs petsoaat 
injury and Wiri r ffl manets. 

We would consider experience d aud/or raC Ml l jr gjrilfi g 
Law-yen to whom apptopnaie supemnoo wmld moafly be 


A Bra aw sanry ««« x; v 

to tbr successful appficanL Tkase w ny with CV .J^Cgta* 
Royal London House. 196 PeaiweWf- Manchester. M3 3NE Ret 




mxSsB* K tubes «eg» or 

eownmnre loot* shmce 

OsMs ncMe kHno wdi BTOOi 

sss. ^s™sssa 

Coma so) owns* tonal t»s» 

Matt* ths sammer. 

01-248 1139 

n earns to Tic Matnr. 

Untan EMM 




Invite Sortcftor with 

sound Convayandnq 
experience (commercs 
& residenBan fa join 
them in their Lincolns 
Inn Rekts Practice. 

Phone Mr P Watters 
01-242 3751 

Croat £12,500 pa 

The National Consumer Council's brief is to 
r epre se nt consumers' interests to government, 
industry, the pr o fessions, parliament and the 
media. The Councils work covers the whole 
range of consumer concerns. 

The post of Legal Officer m the resources group 
offers an opportunity to advise the Council and 
policy development in the relation to the supply 
of goods and services, and to influence the direc- 
tion of a wide range of legislation for the benefit 
of consumers. 

The post calls for legal qualifications and experi- 
ence, a faigb standard of legal skills and 
judgement, a good knowledge of the parliamen- 
tary system, an interest in legislative drafting, 
and the ability to communicate persuasively in 
person and on paper. 

For further detaflsand application form please 

Sharon Hancock 
National Consumer Council 
18 Queen An nca Gate 
London SW1H 9AA 
01-222 9501 

Completed application forms must be returned 
by 14th May 1986 


Hunter & Hunter has vacancies for: 

1. Barrister-at-Law with minimum of five 
years post qualification experience who 
will be required to appear in local High 
Court and Magistrates Court in Civil 
and Criminal matters and to advise on 
all aspects of Corporate and Commer- 
cial Law. 

2. Solicitor with minimum of two years 
post qualification experience in Corpo- 
rate, Commercial and Real Estate 
matters, preferably with a leading City 


Attractive tax-free salaries to be 

Applications with C.V. and passport sized 
photograph to The Senior Partner, 
Hunter & Hunter, P.O. Box 190, 
Grand C airman. Cayman Islands, 


Coart Cterlu (two poets) 
£9,555-£ 10,971 Inclusive 
(Under review) 

Staines end Resets 
Magistrates? Coarts 

Araftsfions an invited from persons who ub QudfiaJ to be 
date in court 

Bamstera or sofititon without court experience!, who wflf be 
considered. w8J be appointed intoafly on a scale c o mmenting at 
£8,178 indusiva 

Further details and appficatkms toms franc 

Wostgate Heats*, Si Hfgfi Street, 
Esher, Sam, KT10 9RQ 
( T e le p h one Unr 65454). 
dosing date 9tii May, 1986. 

B H Atkins 

deck Co ffee Committee 

Head of Dept. 

over £40,000 

Expaieaced commercial lawyer j 

.to run brff legal department j| 

in central London. 

We have been recruiting been recruiting for firms 

lawyers far industry since of solicitors in London j 
197 3 and have placed and the provinces. All | 

lawyers in most of the our consultants are pro- 

major British and inter- fas tonally qualified 

national com- HHNjBNNNH lawyers with 
panies. We fUftluKiatCl many years' 

have alw, experience in 

since 1981, recruitment. 

74 Loot Lane. London EClA 9ET TA 01-6069371 


years post adw m tei axpansnea. Bqwteioa o» Bmaa 
corwayandng and tand boring adwntagoous. ConganW 
emftnTmM holday. S&y upto E1M00 pa. + car. 
Aeesa write wttt C.V. to senior pertnar: 

Harrington ft Cumtotaal 
42 Mddte Gordon Ad 
Surrey GUIS 2HU 

Or tetopfiono 0276 684822 

young nngatfon MMcttor wkrdl 

1 ° ciqggo 

Wisa Co nwU mS 0936 


Souotem CngranrL wmW 
sown Mm. en*™ 1 a ”” 
ESh nwr for 

iS £194X30 Weun O cam* 
tants 0035 26183. 


Mrtin. KMKonww!®" 
nit tfctadug rttwneroB 

■ SSSS^ 

mlnnln 0956 29163. 
nwMMAM cn* 

0939 819606 


w«t iwtiudirei 

£11.500 Wren Coasoitano 

0939 23185 

cowxwwa asrvifss 

H)M(Br IWP>ri rSmwM 

£|S £100 WUMX cowaMrt* 

0959 25183- 


u.«wMr mw; 
to 11TJXXJ V 

0936 2SW5. 

mrreMmm mem m 

conuncrcnl convorm^rr. prer 
14 vn MMUd. e C 1 SJW t 
mm Mrredun ScoB 01-883 

mcM Ugaaon bol Motor 
orsem C16J300 * srtM o onx- 
«m. Mcredan scon ot-883 

KHrvsMOum *no scummy 

too recmibr Minttied MUeiian. 

Oonsunwr* Q 9S8 281 6 3. 
mown souerro* admt- 
TCP +• for bw EM I AngBan 
mm. PbiucesMb jTM»w» 
Ciaxioa Accord 
0935 816606 ■ 

VMM* MtW- 

ronmwretejeiaOW. AoMiri 
PeflHMl 0936 815506 ■ 

cny. pwf i -fijm «»•*!* or ow 
of Id ndra. To C3OQ0Q 
MMVdidi Sroa 01-583 0086 
COMPANY LAW SW1 srarttee. 

Mrwiy • 3 -WV - 

hfNd r EIBXXX* Mereatai 
snail m -683 0060 . 

C ONVETWttCt •_ 
vmKUIMWBM firm 

£iaooo. Atwri Pcrswws 

0936 816806. 

m»M i i eomKUc moo 
cSSwto* jvJWOJOO W«gs« 
CoMaMU 0933 29185. 


Require two young or newly 
Qualified SoUctum nncrenrd 
in special wing in Tax PUn- 
■unt and Tnai wort 

Apply widi flirt CV. m 

D. SMotiea 
P artn ership Secretary. 

Mills A Reeve. 

3/7 RedweD Street 
Norwich NR2 4TJ. 


Croydon. Immediate 
vacancy for a con- 
veyancer who has 
personality and' ini- 
tiative. Salary upto 
£20.000. ‘ 01-681 

TONS for OMDV Town A 
Resort Town Anoolntmrots. 
Aron! PKWMl 0936 816506 

EAST BERKS Nngutton soHrttor 
under '30- anUI lUm. large re- 
gnoneMWy to £13400 wmk 
C onsuUand 0956 ZS185- ■ 

nn U8T of country vacancies 
*1 rearm from £7.000 to 
£26000. Chambers A Pwimn 
01-606 9571. 


PMSOMMf 0936 B10SO6 
UTiOATtou lecal m«dK-e 
ruu and marrtmontal. TIuoim 
Valiev £12^00 Wessex OmisuI- 

nuts 0986 26185 
detahMU Midland town «sl- 

roSSnr £1 0.000 WBBex 

ConsuHanw 0936 25185. 

MATURE SOUenWB 3048 tor 
general practice to Wart coon- 
try town nrin *13,000 wane 
OokhIWU 0936 26185. 
south mast urn under 38 
r r t8 l «0« wmrt Cotea U ta n tg 
0936 28185 


Item valley under 38 
CISjOOO were** OattsuRanu 
0935 28183. 



SoUctor pretereMy wth 2- 4 
years Post Adrassion Exppence 
netafing Advocacy. Satay 


Fo Bowing the retirement of Dr. Brace Renton 
applications are invited for the post of> 



High quafity academic experience, a professional 
qualification and the personality to lead a team of 
highly committed Law Lecturers are essential. 

j Salary Range: Head of Department VI - £19.293 - 
; £21.189 including London allowance, (salary re- 
view pending). 

Pleas* write for further particulars t«- 
The Faculty A dminsJtra Uve Office, 
Faculty of Professional Studies, 
Kingston Polytechnic, Knights Park, 
Kingston upon Thames, Surrey. 
Closing date: 14 May 1988. 






an able Assistant Solicitor for their 
expanding litigation department to 
undertake a wide and interesting variety 

undertake a wide and interesting variety 
of general civil litigation work but with 
the opportunity to become Involved in 
the larger commercial aid construction 
litigation. At least 2-3 years' litigation 

This position offers a competitive 
salary, BUPA, membership of firm’s 
Pension Scheme, four weeks' holiday 
and other benefits. 

Please send full curriculum vitae, 
in confidence, to: 

Nicholas Hills 
Trower, Still & Keeling 
5 New Square 
linccln*s Inn 


Commercial Conveyancing 
Eminent expanding practice seeks calibre Commer- 
cial Conveyancer of up to 4 years post qualification 
experience. Excellent prospects. 


M^or influential firm seeks Entertainment Lawyer Bl 
any experience level - splendid opportunity, 


Large prestigious practice acquires experienced 
Pensions Documents spedafisL 

Residential Conveyancing 

Leading and dynamic practice seeks Residential 

Conveyancer up to 5 years post qualncation 


Art commen c ing salaries are entirety negotiable. 

^owTlersc mneC G 


We are an ex[MndingJ^°f ' wi^h'tcf'reSulfSie 

varied international clientele, we 

following personnel: 

t. A Solicitor who has hed sever|d y«.rs experience 

in Finance, Sale iriil t« capable fo 

work. The ^cceesful applies haV e a client 

working unsupervised, candidate for 

following already, andwiW bea clear canaiu 

an eariy offer of partnership. 

2. An Assistant Solicitor with qualified 

qualification experience, or ’ applicant 
or is about to qualify. The su^essiui 
need not have previous shippnrg ® ap- 
should have enthusiasm, common sense, anup- 
petite for hard work and a genuine interest 

martitime Jaw. 

Applicants should write with full c.v. to - 



Outstanding opportunities, 
outstanding location. 

If you are a bright and ambitious young solicitor with 
broadly based articles behind you, we have opportunities for 
you to develop your potential in our commercial 
conveyancing department 

We also need a litigation specialist to join our rapidly 
expanding personal injury and medical negligence practice. 

One of the largest firms in the South West and still 
growing fast. Bond Pearce can provide you with the type of 
environment you need - at one of the most attractive 
locations in the country. 

If you’d like to have an informal discussion on what 
Bond Pearce has to offer, ring Richard Challands on 
0752 266633 or write to him at 1 The Crescent, Plymouth 
PL1 3 AE to arrange a meeting in London, Exeter or Plymouth. 



£8,178 to £11,361 

Applications are invited from Solicitors or Barristers or offierpersons qualified 
under the Justices Clerics (qualification of assistance) rules 1979 far this fart time 
post far someone wishing to persue a professional career in the Magisterial 
Service. Salary wM be determined in accordance with experience and qualifica- 
tions and the appointment is subject to medfeai fitness and the JNC conditions of 
service- Assistance with removal and legal expenses wflJ be made in appropriate 
cases. This is a sUteWe post for those who have completed or about to lake final 
examinations for Barristers or Solicitors. 

Applications to writing giving fid particulars of age. qualifications and experience 
fogettar with the names and addresses of two referees should reach the under- 
signed by Friday 16th of May 1986 in an envelope marked Confidential - Court 

p. Dawson. 

Clerk to the Magistrates Court Committee. 

Bolton Magistrates Court. 

PO Box 24, Civic Centre, 

Bolton. BL1 lOX 

89 Ahtoytfl. London WCSB CTKM2 ISBI.a.wM 




rvautre sstenan! SoUdtor 
of at least 2 yeas experi- 
ence » deal with 
Magistrates’ Court. LiUga- 
Uon and Matrimonial 
i wort. Apply, twuh C.V.) 
In wrttthg to P.E.M. 
Oglethorpe. Oglethorpe. 
Sturton & COUteand. 16 
Castle Park. Lancaster 




, Required fir bow General Prac- 
tise uspacatK m Tw / 

Pleau AppN Ta 
DsMsan * Bugeis, 

3 Sou* Parade. 

Hal Crass HB. 

Doncamr ONI 2DZ. 

Wiratn AREA oracUc* nenf 
BOB conianHous uMOMr. to 
£ 18-000 * p’sMo pratoeeu. 
MHfditn Scon 01583 one 
nCAPram area mruc* mco 
non conUnUous KMcnor. To 
£18-000 ■* p'shto rtroesMH. 
MtnMh Scots 01-683 0066 
rouMR CRiiiwm sauciim 
Tlvunea VaDcy Firm to 
CllXioo. Accord PbwowS 
0936 815906 

youne com evanccr to £ 1 0 . 000 . 
ACCOM Prnwml 0936816606 
nmcwenta utmatmni -e«. 

m ihotS BMIdinr Kound to 
hrad LiHgathm Department 
hoaduna maininontaL enratna) 
and civil marten. Musi W nsrr- 
grtic. hardworMno and tail a 
seme at nuntour. Keen and aMc 
to expand an eetobtirtied prar- 
uce. Good eatery and partner- 
sM> srosneca for the mm ap- 
DMCani. Reate to 90K B66. 

coanoftciAL cprav ETAitctNo 
solicitor, (rawing Indepedent 
Thames Vafley tom wUmued 
2 3 years at w« m 
Wen® Oowmusm o9» 

Wmk wjtn numnin wpeni- 
rton on DMMte 

CMivovancm. Small memoy 
- firm in Wl. Kertxal Eton AW. 
01-406 2661 

raOOnUDEB From 9 JOMTi - 
l.SOpra daily rewired for gone- 
Dsn. accustomed to mna 
reading muliKolour drafls. 
WP. legal documents, to wor> 
wflti congenial team. Saui-y 
£4 J2SO pa. Apply m "rtoho 
Lasvrenre Graham (PMV 6 New 
Sauarr. IMcatalt Inn. WC2A 


ouBPfiM reamred ov busy prac- 
tice m outer Middlesex and 
Herts. Mainly nonranieniioos 
work, good salary and pros- 
pects. Apply to writing to; Nell 
Crawl her. 12 HKT Sheel 
HarefMdd. MUdmesex UB9 6BU. 

MENTS The prolesMOnal legal 
agency for e*uer«enerd perma- 
nent and lesmporarv rtrtf al an 
levels. High salaries, all aroas. 
Te l e p h o n e OJ S89 6356 


Domestic conveyancer 

required for E2 Practice. 
Must be able to Handle 
work load with rain*- 
mum supervlskm. 
Interesting practice, too 

fixrifei Ob 
492 Mari Brae Road. 
Losdon E2 

Ifiss Wbeetar 01-729 4380- 



Common Law Set has 
two tenancy vacan- 
cies for practitioners 
with some work of 
their own. 

Reply 10 BOX B94. 
C/o The Times, P O 
Box 484, Virgina 
Street. London El. 



University of London 




(fldwrtrttnpte Gomsrtrfl) 

repM to teal i «■» Praga 
Kara si tt* UaraDMnml Worera- 
boo tfcri wiwg on the 
rametopraent a) m engnied ami 
uenp rahe n s u iB compuierawl n- 
n moal axomufaq and 
mmagoneot sBumadon spam 
Sranramni erawce and a 

proven record al success in inch 
work nseraoL 

Sitev in Grade > range ft 3577 - 
£16997 pa nun Bidahog Urn- 
dan Mtosmx. 

furtka patates 
m WBkaun 
g r ag i sgsa. lorrns tram AdBwv- 
[S&faP t etna w Soomy. 

wfx* Sif® 5,1,1 “ 

V ream dtoi 15 




‘o XThe 

L. dai| > 

i stoiv 


^ald shi 
ed TTi'ih 

's. aged 
Barnet, L 
te will ^ 
famt'fj-. #A 
retired BE 
as also WtL 

n any- 
m on a m 
" Mr — 

» new 
fay the 
i your 
i. to: 




\ % c 


















e was 

















FVTHEY 80UC3T0RS Require 
teqal Audio secretary 'PA lor 
partner. Salary £8.900. Phone : 
01-785 6962 INO AGENCIES) 

?: n^Sg 


Box No 

C/o Times 
P.O. BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
El 9DD 

Mamed to Bnush naUonal 
UMa law rehiled wort lnlrr- 
news poMtoir 26.27 jzbiii May. 
Reply to BOX F20 . 

FRENCH OWLISH speaking na- 
uonal. age 43. Sw» wort 
permn. w«e eupertence to 
French and EnoUrti epeateiig 
Africa areh* port in teane Uwr- 
ler includedi Genet a hawd. 
avaitahte m (ravel. Repty to 
BOX BOP. The Times. PO Box 
«W Virginia and. London £1. 


ham. a bed room. 2 baUiroom. 
gch. fully lurnirtied town house 
wtoi garage in Fone*Que Parle 
Estate. CK»e to amennys. 
Strawberry Htll matn Hie sta- 
tion and local schools. £200 00 
p w. company let avoMaMe 
now. M 01-8286600 ed 2A5d 


EAST DEVON Cottages and 
houses nr coast available lor 
tong short lets Wl year. From 

£500 pan- Telephone Rental 
Services Western 06847-327 

MARCELLA Lux- town house in 
Peace! ul rertdenllal area. Sun 
terrace with sea & mountain 
view,. 3 itote DePrnts- 2 
om hrnts. ample norage space, 
knitted fatly eounted. lge 
kving'duung rtu win, tog bum- 
tag lire place, recepi area. Pali# 
garden, off rtreei parting- Easy 
access to lowi cmire and aim- 
nnm. 3 swimming pools in 
Complex Si landscaped gardens. 
Low outgoings. freehold. 

CSS .00000 Co ntact owne r di- 
rect Ob: 01034 62772880 

ASTON MANTM VB. 1980 Oscar 
India Meuiur Blue with cream 
leather interior. automatic. 
£11.750 Tel. Mr Letgh 01261- 
3732 daytime. 



June I <>86. nuimeg 
nipiaUir brown learner sport, 
seau. all extras. 6 000 miles 
only- as new £27 960. Tel 
Knawlr 1066461 70247. 

PORSCHE 9*4 Turbo, wart. Be- 
lts erv mileage only, unmediale 
Delivery. Ring 0884 821257. 
Serious enouirtes only. 



Smo*e ghi a Ott* Umser sWS & 
rams mni mws. bmibm & snoot. 
&in. Tr»o rt-Ji mtn e/aenai. flflS 
D'UU Pen mis eheete - 7 ntJi tow 
profile & SUL low Ui. & now e«ras 
Co at lanes iea<effiDie sia. 

Teh 0234 713306 
eve & wk/ends. 

MERCEDES 3S8SLC 1973 Meial- 
lie blue. I owner. Oiler, 
untied Td: 0705 373666 

day tone. 


1982 iY> PAS Elec window*. 
An conn. Stereo Venetian Red 
4 ooor 40.500 miB. £8.500 
Td: 0245 361203 nn. wkend 




A wide range of legal positions throughout the profession 
appear every Tuesday 









USA from «9 M*>r HP***. 01 
486 9257. IAT74 



chehcst fuohts n/ytwm - 

Bmimcl. T« <M 305 64J4. 

ionic hc*CS Luwry jpgt- 
mro& jp ro wt gn ryt. SDS 
24 TM OiQMSOw) 

vrurw w« 

cheap . wears WcrtOWMe- I 88 OW«W n» 

HWIHlW 01-930 |3»- I ijr C IMDAft Nf SN. A 

Trt; H»43l SBI7A2. 

USA EURO#* AimroU- 

NtK'ZNUna cmunwdii««iiii 
IBm OTC 01-602 5236 


toleb room 


Tjf Milvens Hub stand 


■f^ BS ^ lr 64- 
«n sou (tear ow \otcvm 
fJttnW Id in. 

1 «m» w*-a be 

™»B*9 Men? 

Wiwr me 


CUTER i NKKSOH - On Aprfl 
Z90n I96t. Mr Jotui Simon Car. 
ter to Pamta Ann NKlcaoa 
Now IK-ing at Duntndto Red 
Home. FeWM. Caen. 


rHtUfDStOP. Lose or Marriage 
Ail »n. arras, tblelinr. Dent 
25 AOmoaon Road. Lon 
don W8 Tel: Cl 958 IOU 
BREAKAWAY. London's club for 
srainmui inuiiactM people 
2i-W into Use 2-Mirs W 799* 
Hed» Frslwr hitroducUans. 
s.a E. ia Brauctiaiop Pi. SW3. 
Ol 267*066 HJ9n suctoss rale 
Men do-*S in demand 
COMPANY GOLF Days organised 
Mr stall or cuHO mgv An y lo- 
cation TM 0754 872722 
be reaU\ DraiUtful lor your lam 
ily especially H a problem- 
drtnfcrng toted one reoeies 
eHective and recognised treat- 
raenl for Ihe illness at Clouds 
House u.tuch is set in orautirui 
and secKKHrd surroundings For 
HluMraii-d proooev-rus. contact 
Tnr me Anew Trust Frwoosi 
SaU90ur> SP3 6BR or 07*783 

CALIBRE CVS professionally 
written and produced 
curriculum utae document*. 
Details' 01580 2959 


I S lawyer 17 Rulstrode St Lon- 
don VVI 01 486 '3813 


WIMBLEDON Debenture seats 
wanted lor pnvalp comp anies. 
Top prices paid Ol 228 o«-.3 

Desks. Bookcase efc & Pre 1940 
furiuiure Tel. 01585 01*8 or 
OI 22 8 2716 day or mobl 


wanted Including debentures 
Be*) pnre* Paid. 01 22S 0837 
WIMBLEDON tickets wanted, bat- 
lots or debs. Top pntn paid 
OMainabtes. Ot 839 1388. 
Ot 928 1775 

W1MLEDON, all tickets wanted, 
not lor resale. Tel. OI 930 4336 





Mantes CakacXsi Tiles, de- 

sign natural only 5895 PW sq yd 
+ VAT Wool mo Bento carpets 
4m wide Hessian Packed E4 35 
pa sq yd + VAT. While stocks 

548 Fultooi tort. 
Panama Green. SWB. 

Tel: 01-736 7551 

Free estimares^xpot fifing. 


Video C319. Luwor Stir £449 
tarn col Cl 44 41. Jjawgr 

Sloan* Street SWl 01730- 

ROLEX brand new day d«e. 
Diam neirt and dwiiRrt 
C9.9BO I Bo* and gte. 15*50 
qtio Tel' 654 8206 

i eves w'end»> 



Together we can beat it. 

Ufc fund over cuw third of 
all rrtrjrrh min the pprtcn- 
ucin and cure ot cancer in 

Help 1 * by sendntga d< ina- 

uoij ur makv j legacy -to 

Cancer, I’ll 



I t i.’jrli - <ii H-ni'-i'Vii-i' ■ 
irvfi TIS'I lI nn«ti*nS\\ O «R 

f Themore 
you help us, 
the more 
wen find out 

(Heart Found; 
art researches 


ROYAL DOUL70M Toby Jubv 
F lgurmes. animals, etc . want- 
•d. Ol 883 0034. 




SALE. Hum duality Grand* and 
IsngMs Many unprecedented 
d recount*. All lo be void -Free or 
MKnMHseq dellvertes Part M 
change and HP Credit cards 
welcome. Free tuning. Far ap- 
pointment rati 01 486 31 1 1 or 
Ol 935 7378 ‘Mon to Sal). 
Bmendorfer London Puna Cen- 
tre. SB Wlgmore St . wt 

BEGKSTEIH Beautiful Grand Pi- 
ano 69 kncti frame Harrod* 
reconditioned. C4.0O0 ono. 
Ronton (07631 41061 
Hugh Rtmeil Mahogany case. 
4 slops- excellent bondibon tor 
■Moil* A photo IH 093782 25B 
and reconditioned Quality at 
reasonable prices. 326 SrwMon 
Rd. S Croydon. 01688 5513 



As seen on B8C2 Food & 
Drink Programme. 

Ai Iasi a red quality decaf- 
feinated tea available by 
mail order. 

Write for details to 
St Janes’* Teas Ud. 
DsptT. . 

Upper Thanes St 
Loaded EC4V SPA 

01-248 4117 

•Weekday* Onlvi 

IN THE WOOD for food? Lunette* 
dinners, cockuul parties and 
wedding*, superb cureuie tram 
£d per person. fhng U» on Ol 
582 6920. 

Martinet '63 sensUSe Mien. 
Tei'0580 291996 Kent 


wdlrti JSrt w Bold. £1600 
«n«. tel 01-659BS29 or car 
pH One <08601350160 



double bed Chelsea (lal wiUi ga- 
nw 10 IlkiMMnded tar (hetr 
ocrastonai London trips Reply 
to BOX 861 


central London from £326 pw. 
Ring Town Hse Apis 373 3433 
luxury SERVICED Apartments 
near Soane 

wonn nd oi-sa i Booa m 

Kennngion Coi TV 2*hr«^d. 
II*. ColllnBlU m Ajas 373 6306 


MON-FRI Nl. dov-loqty. M-F. 

N s. O R. Lux mats find bus*- 
- nes* person. caOpw.Phon*Ol- 
241 5037 alter 6Q0p«L 

rarvino 4 Trencn potMunq 
demonsiraiions. Bank Holiday 
Monday. Mas 5Ui al our 
NetUeoed snowroom*. HUh 
Street. Nreuebcd. Nr Henley- 
on Thames. Onon. »oa9H 
641 U6. __ 

12 li wide wmon carpels re- 
duced irom C 32 per » yd to 
fa .50 VI yd. Chancery Carpels. 
97 99 Oerkenweil Bd. London 
EC1 01 405 0*53 

BIRTHDAY DUE 7 Give someone 
on anginal Times Newspaper 
dated Ihe very day they were 
born. 01 486 6305 or 0492- 


We nave tickets for U»e and an 
theatre and SP0T1S. Tel; 631 
3719 637 1715 All major 

credit cards 


We nav e uckeis tor these and ad 
Ihealre and soon* Tel. 631 
3719. 637 1715 All major 
credil card* 

Starlight E*n. Chess. Les Ms. 
All Ihealre and soortt. 

Tel 821 6616 828-0496. 

A Ex Visa Din ers. 

pure *lk. Hwhe*! quaHiy 
varied wre* Locking lor quick 
sale. Inqreboume 49873. 

PUTNEY M/F. dbie beprtn In lux 
house, dose all •unenitim. £45 
pw nd Tel. Ol 8700407 atler 
6.30 pm or Ol 3S2 0239 idi 

SW19 3ra oroduaw. uuw 

0 room, own TV. triemay ise . 
io mim lube. BR. £150 pan. 

01 543 0073 


X CALL For some of the best Diafe 
an ms. villas, apis. hUs aid rar 
lure. Tel London 01 636 9000. 
Manchester 061 832 2000 Air 
Travel Advisory Bureau 
ntgws eg. Rio £495. Uma 
1475 rtn Also Small Group 
HatKUv journeys- M oi 747- 


USA. S. America. MM and Far 
EJSL S Atnca TroyvNe. 48 
Margaret screw, wt Oi 580 
2928 ■ Visa Accepted) 

MfVORK Miami LA. Cheapen 
lares on major U6. scheduled 
ramars. Also transatlantic 
charters A nwMs to Canada. Ol 
584 7371 ABTA. 

BATTERSEA. Lurtwe Garf*™. 
Easy (ravel over River Prof F 
30s. own room in quiet man- 
sion block ilai. «0 pw eeel. 
i Office' Ol 430 6482; lEvesj Ol 
623 2630. 

Charming quire dble room. CTO 
pw me Own boon CS» coal 
(ire reiepnoneUne. Share Ball! 
& kuch Sull wrtler 242 7711 
BLACKHEATTL Prof shr lux fUl 
o' looking Heath. NS. OR. 
£170 pern Inc. Paridng avail. 
8 B 2 2444 eves. 

■26*1 lo share CH flat O-R. 
£i£Opcm. exel. 01-852 8484 

CLAPHAM m f. to share house 
with lour others, n s. own- on 
L138 pm.exc. Tei. Ot 720 2665 
■afler Corni 

FLATMATES SrlectK-e Sharing. 
Well esiab inlroductory service 
Phe (el for appr Ot 689 5*9 1 . 
313 Brompton Road. SW3 
HARROW. M F to share comfort- 
able house with prof F Own 
room Nr lubes LSO pw ♦.hW*- 
Td 01 907 3*36 Cat! 6.301. 
N16 Prof f m. to shr OaL wfih f 
immediately, o r in large naL 

£36 pw excnmie etlh Tel: Ol - 
326 5057 or 01-362 4904. 
CHBWMai, young prot N 'S 
Own room in shared dal. £150 
pern Tet: 992 4749 
FMD-A-FLAT iSharlng Reman 
home-owners no lee. 36 Kings 
Rd. SW3 01-584 8012 
FULHASL F. S3e. Share how, 
garden Own room. £190pm. 
Incl 01 736 6457 eve. 
ISLINGTON toe room In Victorian 
(am rise CSO per week incl Tel: 
Ol 359 6634. am and ail 6. 
N.S O R lux mala £42 pw 
evel 736 96S7 eves 
ST. JOHN'S WOOD. Own room in 
furnished mauoneue. ch elec 

mrl 428 Q 1 67 am. after 6 JO 
ST JOHNS WOOD, pro! M F21 + 
O R Smoker prrt. £460 pern 
end TcL see leaa mm 
SWfi. DeltghUul double bed ^r- 
den Hat. PbiTuic ctote r ube 
£125pw 01*34 tOM nl 209 
SWk> £1 30 pern exet. Close BR 
and tube o r in shared (tot. 
Pnone 871 3573 alter 5nm. 
SWL vorMUvbh- M Grad, for -romi 
hse. *tn o la rm £65 pw loc 

bills some food 730 E743 
super O R In f)aL nr lube. £«6 
pw ml Tel 01 381 5398. 
ny room in family house C1W 
pent incl N S 01-870 B453 

o w £395 rtn £646 Auckland 
D w £420 rtn £774. Jo burg 
o w £26* rtn £470. LOS Ange- 
les a w C177rln £338. London 
Fhgm cmirr 01 370 6332 
Menorca Tmwile. v#Bs, API 
Pensions Taiemas. 

niqnis. Brochures imlanl 
bookl/igs VenniTB HoUdayy. 
TH Ol 250 1356- 









L^rv:n-y Mn".;iv;err,9"t 

351 7767 

JERSEY sref-calerin# cottages. 



^ aw 

i l i wc. * I 

Till TO 



shawrbd strst; 
.SW3 . ' 


PLYMOUTH. SU M se nrtced 
jpif i w nD. 2/6 person. 
Brochure 0762 669066. - 

I he J’ropvrt'- Mjna^crs 

Of-221 KS.W 

Cmbcmism* ante jpn 

mum pretty dittoed SgeN- 

2 dble bednno. t #• **- 

ZOaHw . dbfe »*« » ■_ dtofpg 

na.. wed Rd. ML Obrden 
£500 per week. . 

~ -■ — OBkmOVB** B2U 

HOLIDAYS afloat 


ft BlffiNS 

minmn walk. bw 7 i« 

nr DL 2 dble beds, sd rm. dto- • 
um mt-fU ML haoi- esaopw. 
pjuuPLMM ire.nrai.wtn. 
river view. 2 dbfat bed*, 
reces/dln rtn. bath . cfls . Pl 
Ml. bale- Car BUS- £200pw. 

tow com mrert experts: biaope 
A w - wide. Freedom Holidays 
OJ 741 4686 A TOC 432 IATA 
Fttobh from most UK Mrtwr»- 
Many lie spect re ofre ts. F afdor 
Q1 471 0047 ATOL 1640 
11IMBU For ttud perfect nchday 
with sunny days A carefree ore 

eaussdEQL Smoss a. 2 (Hr 
bWns. jRdimL'WteG-OBSe Me 

*1 • «**■■* 


01-499 5334 

Ideal Sorina Summer .TXaUNsn 
Travel. 01-373 4411. 

SOUTH HKJ t S— GTO N “«tor 
duu g m d J bedliat in superior 

buHdtoto nr hme. R« Mnre retd 

video entry phone Long co in 
2uS pw. Goddard A smm Ot 
930 7321. 

TURKEY fUght only to »*and> 
6.13 & 20 May t * 2.w»J [F 

6.13 & 20 May i & 2 w» fr 
£139. TUrMSIt OeWfrt Hchdavs 
Ol 891 6469 Atot 3047 
AU&SK. Ni. South Africa. 
U3A. Hong Kona. Best rarer 
01-493 7775 ABTA. 



• SAVE ssr$ 
14100’s of seals most so 


TAKE TUBE OFF to Parte. Am- 
sterdam. Brumefa. Bruges. 
Geneva. Berne. Lausanne. The 
Hague. Dublin. Rooeu. Bou- 
logne A Dieppe. Time Oft 2a. 
Chesser Close. London. SWIX 
780 01-235 8070. 



Njsnuiu * HEW ZEAL 



meravaiMble. 2 rtvumtng vttas 
witn poote m Majorca, l nr Pal- 
ma sleepy 7. 1 In country Neepa 

6 From £200 pw. 01-730 1648 

■ USA * USA 





(03727) Z7538/2553O/Z7109 



BIVMJUk tiallan/ French 20 mtna. 
Monte Carlo 10 mute Memom 
Lux Vina sips 8/ to. 4 bam. 2 
reces. terces. toe pool, gardens, 
in quiet viaape, mag *lre*^ 
Summer: £780 wfrty. £1.960 3 
wKly. 2300 mthly. 209> reduc- 
I too for May Loop let by 
arrangemenf. Tet 01-262 7479 
MOBILE HOMES 50 ynte tram 
Pampetonne Beach. 5) Trapes 
also nr Royan 0666 2141 




01-688 2255 

(Est'd 1970) 


O/W Rtn 

SYDNEY £399 £845 

JO BURG — £24 6 £430 

TEL AVIV £99 £179 

NEW YORK—.— £139 £Z75 

LOS ANGELES. £192 £383 

BANGKOK.—— £220 £360 

£ 2)0 


01-370 8237 


Spring are at a • May/JUn* 

hum £129P0 - „ 

! FLY DIRECT to me lovety re 
lanM of SMATVtOS. 
la* 6 Studtoa close lo tforioui 
beaches. Some IKE MM 
placet- car W re. FREE 
wnuteumna on oreie. Avail- 
ability uwoughotd ma 

SMW 0403 59788 




single return 

Jo-bum- Har £300 £466 

Nairobi £220 £326 

Cairo £130 £200 

Lagos £235 £336 

Def/Bom £230 £340 

Bangkok £196 £330 

Oouala £420 

Afro Asian Travel Lid 

162. 168 Repent SI w.l. 
TEL: 01-437 82SS/G/7/G 

BeaBW tow 

isopSMs. Own MnOW *+ « « 
pnnd S feOTD «N0L TVs ■ NOft 
owe 8 Vwi « aBi ■■ oi on 6eaM* 
im 8 MOM- W — 


Dm. 6/5 & 13/5 
FROfiElS P-P- A»- 


Tflt 01-994 44SZ/SZ26 


5.12.18th May t <r _2 
viluc^Moiea/'Apte. Htnme re 
OMwtck. Pan World Holidays 
Ol 734 2662 

RHODES April/ May _ Bargains 
(tom £14300 me. TN Straroa 
0706 862814. 

^ szsrss 




41-438 7f«VCjr 0S37- 


Palma 9(5 fr £ 7t 

Faro 13p ir £ 55 

Malaga 10/S tr £ 98 

Crete 6/5 fr £103 

Most other European 
destinations - Ring now 
01-723 6964 
Wnx/ATOL tew/fia 


END. indulge younstt... yOO 
deserve II. A weekend m Ven- 
ice. Florence, or Brnoe. Dj 
well, drink wed. shop w efl and 
forget about CMIH1 depires- 
fng weaiher. or combine a city 
weekend wan a week bv the 
tea. Free brochure from Magic 
Of naly. Dept ST. 47 Shepherds 
Busn Green, wir 8PS Ten oi 
T49 7449 t24 nrs servicei 




£400 Mm 
{400 BWnarf 

QM Jedmn 
S*OQ kanch 
£260 luk-Sto 
roo Kmat 
£335 NYvk 
£340 Seoul 
£430 Syfl/Me) 

A Different 


Tst 01-439 3SM/MS7 

B you mm . change ftoni 6 m 
mas produced AiflMve vHte. 
•>e can offer some unusual and 
dlfterenr ^remaUeei. They , 
range from todfvkhreJ Algarve 
p« ope rttok. to lovety homes In 
the Hoochtqoe Him All lime 

poo ft. staff - some term* 
court. Ht*e 1986 ike year you 
got the villa right: ask lot out 

etegroi brochure, mdudtog 
Greece, tody. Fronc*. 



AaTAATO. cv Travel m 

AJtws, KUaga. Corfu 
Faro. Crro. Mahon 
P*m Rhodes. Morocco 

43 C»iieaen ftpeet 

mS w 2Ps 

(389 0(32 - 24Ar. 

Tst 81-995 3883/4/5 


ATOL 1«2 


las in Atoarve with stair & own 
pools. Hlhrw ore 22 May 2 toa 
Palmer 5 Parker 01-493-5725. 


Nairobi. Jo'Burg. Cairo. 
Du ta>. Istanbul Singapore. 
KJ- Delhi. Bangkok. Hong 
turns. Sydney. Europe. & The 
Americas. Flamingo Travel 3 
New Quebec Si. Mart* Arch 
London WlH 7DD. 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 

Hohdavs « dHOnciion tor me 
very few TeL 01491 0802. 73 
SI James's Sttert. SWl. 

Hobday* ot mUBdUa to tn. 
very lew Tel: 01-401 0802. 73 
St. JarorW Street SWl. 


Amis 2-9 peraoro in mapatn 
village Nr beam. A*aW June- 
SfW ref. 0022 374149 124HIW 

the left side 


i V iM wh wfairii the circoii joins 
the harbour Acceau had become so 
disturtii^y festin Jrecent-yeara 
that the ormiizers, fearing a 

serious accKfent, have botiowed 
.land Ted^ned from the sea ana 
coosmteted a sharp second gear 
double corner to [ replace the one 
which . the most dnl _ aMud 
previously tackle in fifth. Tj»e 
residt should be an increase ofai 
least two seconds in lap nnur. - 
The sight of Ayrton Senna 
guiding his TPS Lotus Through 
Monaco ttos year is one which is 
eagerly awaited by even die 
most seasoned observers burror 

the first time is dw 
Sd for Tanrb.y. BWh 

he and Alan Jones win** 
anxious to secure more ooo« 
pnssare and therefore 

Jones had at Inroto 
in^der to secure their places 
amongst the 20-car gnd. 

in whk* Goodye^s 
domination of dteoro tame 
may face its 

so fer this season. from nreui- 

Afrhotreb still sirffonng from a 



ByNKholas Karting 

Once again their cradal shOTT- Dcswick then had to 
p of tsepaxat»OD has found without two of Irish s Ports- 

England out. The. penalty, was' mouth chib colleagues, w«o 
emtyefiminazion from the Euro- were injured after the party was 
pean championships, just as it maned. Joel Moore hurt an arm 
was last time and the :tm$ and Das Uoyd a knee. Coupled 
before that. * ; . ' wnh the twisted knee Jerenuch 

Bill Beswick's team returned suffered in the opening game 

.J- .1 » "V — • Auto. 1— — ^ rnreJ cwrtttwl 


yesterday from dietr feilure to agahtsi Cyprus and the sprained 
advance beyound the qualifying, aside sustained by Sewell, En- 

-J L, rri ■■^n AMliMA im flMlTMV V<_ 

iftiVdULC l^JUUUU U«, flUAJW J U JH I . .D A* «*/ wra---. 

ro Owenhagen, imowii®- -gJaml were- up against it. 

olw Dm hurt - - lHnh rontv fhp Tfln tl 

tiie precise reason why they bad : With: <m ly. the top team ip 
not managed to succeed, bat qualify for next month's cbal* 
resigned, to the prospect ibat Jenge round in Beteum. Ea- 
no thing wfll change. “Too many gland knew they could ill afford 

IKJUUUK WIU U WI lipr. I w UW»J fiwm -- — — — — — - 

dubs ihink only of themselves to lore to Austria, but lose they 
mid not bribe national team," did after coming back from an 

» , .1 - ■- j g - : - — f 74 *>* »■« t— «j 

Paul Stuppson, • the Expand " interval deficit of 34-26 to lead 
captain, said. "Can you imagine 60-59 with 90 seconds left 

us retting One day off a week * They mighr have hdd that 

. m % m -a_._ . L.J • TutLaBk 

togmber to ' train? Maybe the slight ■ advantage had Tatham 
dobs ' should be more not test possession in the last 

Btt tWra A«l ft» gOne iklW 

sujHKWtive.* iiuuuitoBV'ws -- 

• U was the oncea-week train- chance to score the decisive 
tag sessions conducted by the basket. SeweD nos then b rought 

minute, giving the Austrians the 


Austrians throughout the year onia thehc^eorsinkingathrec- 
that proved decisive in pointec; htd Austria hdd on. 
Saturday’s match between the Without Jeranich foreland had 
countries. Not only that .but no one .with the confidence to 

Austri a te d . 
match-: with 

that .but no one .with the confidence to 
d for foe stare from long range. Balogun 
tapes of was top scorer with 20 points. 

tiMuia.. w&ui vkuaj uipu ui was ia jy **sui w 

Ezzglaod's recent matches in the- • but England needed more more 
World . championships against : than tlfey got from Gardner (15 
Israel and Czechoslovakia. points) Jma Spaid ( fO). 

The consequence was a 64-60 
defeat for England that ended 

On the- domestic coaching 
front, Binrangbam Bullets have 

their hopes of reaching the appointed Colin Wood as 
challenge rouitote Belgium next successor to foe American, Art 

month, even .though they did. at 
least, finish on ahreh note with a 

Ross, who has not been seen 
since he returned, to Florida a 

74-65 defeat of penmarit, the month before the end of the 
hostsL on Sunday.*Tt comes season to convalesce from a 
down to preparation,” Stimpson serious chest infection. Under 

down to preparation.” Stimpson 
said, "and Austria were highly 
prepared. People seemed .to 
think that we would walk 
through this C group but Austria 
lead a good team and we didn’t 
play well enough on the night.” 

- Injuries also handicapped En- 
gland. Having .been forced, to 
exclude the exceptional Cotin 
Irish; whose troublesome Joizee 
prevents him tramug properly. 

serious chest infection. Under 
bis assistant. Wood, a PE 
teacher from Tamwocth. Bir- 
mingham, produced the surprise 
of foe season by reaching- the 
final of the national champion- 
ship ptay-ofls at Wembley, in 
which they Ion to Kingston. 
They then beat Murray Inter- 
national Metals Edinburgh m 
the final of the British Masters 


.- Bri la nm c AB Bu r an cu 
. Courty CftnaptoMNp 

LORD’S: MUcAbmx V .DSfDyshSB fTI.O. 
KCowara rnWraum). 

. Ottpr wttrl i 

FWNBTS5 CwnDfKtos '-IMvatsity v ■ 


Z30 unless stated ' 

First division ■ 

Arasnstv Chatsea - - “ 

Watfordy Southampton ; 

Second dMsIpn. ' 

CarR9iev Brighton „ . 

Chartton V FiSham j 

Hu* » Noriddi • . 

Sunderland v Shrewsbury 
Wmbtadon v Stoke 

Third division 

, Blackpool v Boumetncfuth 
Darfinigtonv Pfigan 
e^^arny Newport • 

Plymouth v Brtstol C , . 

Fourth divteton 
AWafshotvHfflutortf “ ; * ; - 
CaxntxIdQe Utt v Colchester ' 
HaWax v Pott Veto 
Majisfieid v Tranmere i, 
Morttrengjtonv Torquay 
' Rochdale v Gbwrter . 

WbnAam v gountfiorpa .. ■ 

Scottish second division ! 

-CowdenfMaihv Qyaen of Sm - 

FA YOUTN CUR: . Steal - Mcanrt tog: 
' “ - OnSd 

Woktoer Hunogrtoru 
Metropolitan Polic« 


| LeedsvBamsfchr; UwpooivNa 

i* r 


“ ' * ~ 

,‘j. - -*> . -S. 

:SL- ' ' ‘ 


» in:' 

■s- r-. 


-w • - - 


TA t.CV- , 

■C6 * 'j.'S- '. 


"5? : t 

-VM '. - _ 

- v * ; ■■ 

i ^ 

-«t -i. 

Mt-.i . 
•* tivs 

*Z **' 


ijjwanrtfv Ctedore Mwtb 

' IMTED couames 

Mandlralar Cstv 

MONDAY EMou; Univer- WEDNESDAY LaCforedel. FRIDAYMhois! Acomptoe^ 

Ovw 1-4 mfllion of the sity Appointments. Pt*Pl & Public Crtae:^r^^apr»imrricins 

Over i 4 mmH» OT me ^ y h( 3“-__. nrj7WntSi Educationa) over £7400. Gcnaalwcretarul. deakasanaprtWe sales. 

nitlion nf me aw Appoimmcms. rrep. a. nrouc j , ^ — iwT.-d 

• a SchoolAppoimmems. Educaijona) over £7^00. Gcncralsccretanal. d ealers a nd pnValeal 

most afflaent people m foe SJ« i sdwlaishiosAWto«sh»I»- Pmpoty: ResidMiial, Commercial. Bosliiess to B ohmsk 
CUBtry lead foe dasdfied La Cnm tfe to Qane: Town & Counlry. Oveiscas, RenlaJs. 5dbi« . 

TUESI h^‘ Y ' to ^ THURSDAY GawalAppotte- SS«or businesses, 

following categories appear a comprehensive guide to ihe 

r-w."* sass^Nwra. ssssEssB^sMM-s—ai 

Fill in the coupon and attach it to your advertisement. PnortoJtappearing, 
we will coniaa yew with a quotation and confim? the date of insertion V 
Rales are Lineage £4 per line (min. 3 lines). Boxed Display CY-pa- single 
colunm centi metre. Court and Sodai £6 per line. All rates + 15% VAT 

ftmcomv Boston. 


G rtertte 

— .lbZ . . 


WVUUU9 W * ■■■ T s T a auv 1 tIUUAl UTB^Hner nu 

following ca t ego ri es appear a comprehensive guide 10 ihe 
rppntarlv wm week, and computer naikei 

ta gS“^2^ , aa.‘“ssSL 

and find Otrt how easy, fast lion for top legal secreiants. /uxamSucy PtsftiMfcanewdjssiricationror 

and economical it is to adver-TKE WORLD FAMOUS PERSONAL COLUMN APPEARS every day. youngnaderslocomanpeopiewiih 


PAY NO POSTAGE. Scad ta: He TW SUifcy Ma wfo Greop 

ChsdTred Advcrtncaeat Ihigrr, TSbns Nemytetfs Ltd, Admtis«K Depm- 
ukhLRQ, Bex 484, Vh^ab Street, Ltadan El 9DtL 

-TELEPHONE ( Dayame) 



|ffajMllgtogjirtiggi^«i«V> : 


1 *»» — 

m ; 




lTA kttsmaibrm 



j«i. " 

upland fe 
a Instcasiv 



gives up 

•; - By. Michael Seely 


antes not ontv-at No tting ha m 

last- season but also at several .. vmoeiit O'Brien was"’ in- 
raceCotirses-abroad during the ^ orme “ of the situation later in 
winter has been the principal ** <*«y anri-a spokesman for 
fe&son for the- 1 1 -tunes chain- patfyooyfe said that no new 
pjon jockey abandoning^ his Nd yet been booked 

niAhc to . miwMu u. -j: — tor Tate Gallery. H o wever, 

Robert Sangster, the Northern 
Dancer, coil's ‘ owner, com- 
mented: “This news Jos come 
like a bolt from the blueL We 
have -been watching video 
recordings of Tate GaHery's 
races and were getting very 
excited about Piggott riding 
for us again." ' ’ ■ 

te. . to - renew his riding 
licence and take the mounts 
oih=-Midvoy Lady and .Tate 

GaMery m the l ,000 and 2.000 

Gwueas-af Newmarket this 

iwedc. - ' 

rider has apparently 
... . a formed fry M&e Watt, 
ftis^gent, that it would be a 
cause of serious embarrass- 
menu if Piggott had- persisted 

raent a Piggott had persisted J p- Jpr ■ ■ . - 

with . his arrangement made a ™5?H*“ 

over the weekend 'with Vin- ^ I2ll0n ** foe Jockey Qub, 
£frai O’Brim *r>A commented: I rang Piggott 

myself this monung. because 
if be wanted to ride this week. 

de»t O’Brien and Beq 
Hanbury, foe trainers of the 

Bold Illusion to 
recover losses 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

iw6 hgorsei concerned. 
;. - Ve«terday-. morning 


a meeting of foe Licensing 

Lester Piggott: Could have been faced with an embarrassing 
Sttnatien if he bad returned to the saddle 

Armada to miss Derby 

weexena consultation l have c" -“3 

deckled ; to honour existing ** ^ han «^ 1 ** nund 

comimtipenis and will not be “It’s .very difficult to say 
re-Tapp lying for my license/’ what would have happened it 
When pressed about whether bis application _faad been 
he nughtrecoxiader the situa- heard," Mr Twite went on. ' 
bon if offered a mount in the “As I said yesterday, 

Deri>y, Piggott replied:. “That matters are entirely at foe 
is the position. I have nothing .discretion of foe stewards and 

’ they can imposeanyrestric- 
. Ben Hanbury, Midway tion or limitation that they ' 
Lady's trainer, was the first to wish. I will say this, however, 
hear the news. “Lester has just Although there are precedents, 
rung the and told me that- it’s I cannot think of a previous 
he said. “Fm very simation when a trainer'Of 
disappointed, but I'm sure sucha large team ofhoises has ' 
.that Ray Cochrane who rides applied fora riding license.” 

Armada- is unlikely io run in 
the Epsom Derby and will 
probably-go to Chantilly for the 
French equivalent instead. That 
was the shock news from the 
bolt’s trainer, Guy Harwood, 
after Armada woo the Prince of 
Wales Stakes cheekily by a neck 
from Wassl Reef at Brighton 

Harwood said: “Greville 
Starkey still thinks the colt 
needs to settle more, and he 
pulled hard today. Armada is 
still on coarse for York's Mecca 
Dante Stakes, but at . the mo- 
ment Bakhandf looks a better 
prospect for Epsom. His is a 
well-balanced horse and more . 
battle- hardened”. . 

All the big bookmakfrig firms 
have taken Armada out of their 
Epsom betting, Shahiastani is 
the new favourite with Hills and 

18 left In 1,000 

A total of 18 fillies have been 
declared for Thursday's 1,000 
Guineas at Newmarket. They 
are: Ala Mahlik, Asteroid Field, 
Bridesmaid, Davemma, Dear 
Margie, Embla, Grande Cou- 
ture, Improvise, Lady Sophie, 
May soon. Midway Lady, Rose 
Of The Sea, Sonic Lady. Spun 
Gold, Tanouma, Tender Loving 
Care, Volida. Weight In Gold. 

Having napped Bold Illusion 
fe win the Great Metropolitan 
Handicap at Epsom a week ago 
and then seen him tail through 
no Gault of Ms own, I feel bound 
to give him another chance at 
Bath today, so be is my nap to 
win the Empire Hand trap over a 
distance jnst short of 1 Vi miles. 
The distance will not bother him 
and nor will the ground, because 
be has conq uered both. 

The confidence in Bold 
Illusion's ability to win that 
competitive han dic ap at Epsom, 
which was based on a fine win at 
Warwick and an excellent sec- 
ond over hurdles at Liverpool, 
could be ganged by the fact that 
be started a firm fovomite at 4-1 
Io a field of 17. Unfortanately. 
his saddle slipped after they had 
gone only four furlongs giving 
his yonng ap pre n tice rider. Luigi 
Riggjo, no chance whatsoever of 
staying aboard. Mercifully, nei- 
ther horse nor jockey came to 
any harm, hence their swift 
reappearance this afternoon 
when a consolation victory 
would be no more than they 

Rlggio knows Bold illusion 
well, haring won on him at 
Chester last August and at 
Warwick again this spring. So, 
as be can still claim the fall 71b 
allowance, it remains ray conten- 
tion that BOLD ILLUSION 
will be very bard to catch with 
only 7st lib on his back this 
afternoon and be is preferred to 
Derry Ring, who b not proven 
over ibw distance. 

In a roundabout sort of way 
the result of Sunday's Ponle 
d'E&sai des Poalains (French 
2,000 Guineas), which was won 
in some style by Fart Topuxe, 
can be taken as a pointer to the 
chance that PLAID has of 
w inning Hi» Somerset EBF 
Stakes. For when be ran first 
time oat this season in the Gerry 
Feflden Stakes at Newmarket 
Plaid Xnhfcni a highly credit- 
able third to Flying Trio, who 
had been runner up to Fast 

Topaze in the Criterion! de Si- 
Ooud m Paris last autumn. 

Plaid s trained at Seven 
Barrows, near Lamboura. by 
Peter Wahvyn. who also looks to 
have a good chance of winning 
the second division of the 
Blathway Maiden Stakes with 
Shirley Heights and out of a 
mare by Blakeney. my selection 
should be entirely at home 
raring over today's distance 

He showed a lot of promise in 
a couple of shorter races at 
Newbury and York as a two- 
year-old. In one be finished jnst 
behind Paean, who looked 
pretty decent middle distance 
horse in tbe making when I saw 
him win at Newbury earlier tins 

If my impressiot! was correct. 
ROSED ALE. the colt Paean 
beat that day, should be up to 
winning the earlier division at 
tbe expence Benisa Ryder, who 
has also shaped nicely in both 
bis races this season, initially at 
Doncaster tlMl t hen again at 

Framlington Court can be 
expected to make a bold show in 
tbe II Chester Handicap Stakes 
after a stout effort at Newbury 
recently, but I jnst prefer MO- 
DENA REEF, who will be 

Racing results, page 38 

meeting Bowl Over on 21b better 
terms than at Salisbury, where 
there was only' half a length 
between them. On that occasion 
Modena Reef was finishing the 
best of alL 
At Notmgham, HIGHEST 
PEAK is taken to win tbe Flying 
Horse Maiden Stakes. Gavin 
Pritchard Gordon, his trainer, 
was disappointed when be was 
beaten four lengths by Pearl 
Fisher on this coarse first time 
oat. Perhaps, with hindsight, be 
had no reason to be because 1 
know that John Francome 
thinks quite a lot of the wfamcr. 


Going: soft 

Draw: High numbect best 

0: £1,022; 9} 05 fanners)- 

BELLE OF STARS M Usher 8-11 H«Umb4' 

CtCVSKA M Mortw 8-1 1 : Mbril 

!AHA RHmnon 8-11— TNm5 

S wfateoah lO 



. J lam 11 












0ANCMG DUMA Ffltaran 8-11 . 

M D0U8LE TALK HTTNgS 8-11. _ 

DtMBEMLL STM J Harris B-11 . 






PEGGY'S TREASURE MBrflten 511 KDataylft 

: C PINTAFORY E Stfin 8-11 ANnkwU 

MXNEU Lord dRnSanld 841 

BSD M Ryan 8-11 ttinnt 


£1,471 TKm}(23) 

2 DM PAHMEShAR (B) J Jentttt 54 


5 050. HILL RYDEj Hams 54 

8 001 HATELOT ROY ALE A Davison 50 

7 20- HESHA A Janis 9-0 

8 0M SOLSfT LAD B Sttvens 9-0 

•9 0C6- S’WtQ FllGHT A Jans 80 
10 0- SUPER SMART M F-Goday 9-0 

12 080 WAY ABOVE H Rohm 

13 080 BELVB. (TTY) H Rohm B-11 

J Crtaghen 8-1 

20 .. . 

21 * SlfrUWyr 

=52 Far Lafls. 5-1 RmperGH. T^rcbenha. PWrtay, 51 
Safe of Stais. Roimefi, tuToancng Diana, Ragoy'a Trwnuo, 
*12-1 fJnpae Norm Moor. 16-1 others. ’ 


•--p ■ 

UMLomndL 2.3Q Bii«c> Queen. 3.0 Joveworth. 
• 3.30 Fbxcroft. 4.0 Higbnt Peak- 4^0 Love Waks 
•In- - ■ .. / 

^;Our Newmarket Correspondent • c 
2.0 ^Kedturdr 130 Flying^Fiytm- Highest 

Peak. 4J0 Love WaDced.lB. - • •• sr ' 


£760: 50(8) ■ 

3 08 SARASOTA Cwaonan 8-11 PRoMmmS 

4 BAD PAYER MWEasWtw 88 =_ UHtatferfl 

5 2 BMBO QUEEN J Ba«iy8-8 Hfiy7 

GUMADMBrtah8B .KBdqrt 

14 -224 FLYMOR.' 

16 HOLME ROOK D Gandrifo 8-11 

17 fl0«- LADY OWQJW Holden 811 

18 484 PATS JESTER H Roten 811 

20 330- STANORAVER Boas 811 __ 

21 ' 0-. TYRANM8E B McMahon 8-11. 

22 008- GRAMMNGUS R Kaanon 810. 

25 M0 PAST AND FRENDLY R HoNmlad 8-9 _ S I 

c^- img g 

27 822 S S SANTO M Torrgians 88 ,L_ 

28 . WSC FESTIVAL M Prescott 88. 

. 30 -600 GEOFFS FOLLY D Lasts 8-7. 

32 022- FOKCROFT n P Hasten 86 . 

. 7-2Stanreavo. 4-1 Ffwng FMm. 5-1 FoxcrutL 6-1 LadyOutm. 
8-1 Hn t$da.Hoient Od. S S Santa 10-1 Way Above. 

|2i176:1m2a(2g , ... 

. - .2; QtK AUDIO ^SMgatwtr— - - »■ r: .r-fiubkKi 12 
- -8 J . CALL JO HONCM'(EQ(USA) 0 Doutob • 

9 0- CANADIAN STAR M JarvU M T Loess 6 

W . 0- KJNSTONfUSAJFDorM NConnartonS 

.18.. 0: SJBARRfUSWHCflblfra SCMkMl 

21.600- MODEM MOVE WRMW 80^ — T« 

22 60-2 MdEsr PEAK (BFIGP-Gordcn 9-0 W Ryan 13 
.vja.'.-: ROOKY^PETEBtiiM AMacfaylO 

26 ., 8 LE BOW-bt K Braascy 9-0 ______ SWtworiht 

' 30-r MA JESnOA R tOCTlGIMkinfan 80_D OWaoaf 

■’•3l 689- WLTSCStS Aavts 1 - DMchote15 

33. 04- UOVMT OLYMPUS JWatt3 94 ThwaS 

35 ^08- NOBLE VKMGSMaOor 80 MMWwilS 

38 08- OUEZAUprCVMadnM Jarvis 80 Nbasy17 

40 -004 ROYAL EFFIGY □ Lads 80 JWNanall 

■ 6 

41 080 ROM BY JOVE JBXUSA1S Nonon 80 J Loire 19 

42. 04- RYE MLLUAHlHEH BMcMatwn 80_ PRotaaoB22 

-7-9023 MKS>«4IYK9K)nA8«^-u^. 


11 3 SAITS RBWUNDHJonaa 88 

C Dwyer 1 

_ SWHamtkS 
— SWatHterA 

. ..DWMtenePJS 

S-2 IteOhAHy. 3-1 Bngo Owen, 8-1 Gtortad. Sam's 
Retram. 8-1 BaO Payer, Mora Fuum. 14-1 Sar^ote, 20-1 


■ T MO WiwrBDBg-^^. 

2 MO MARY HAttenEUnpetapraan 88-12- DMmStl 

3 006 -KARSTS STAR tffb Ctepmm 8M. SPGrtMWrtt 
. 5 000- PADOYSTOMl (CO M Chacnun 4-84 HOoanoitmM 

7 -3CO- PtDLSTMA 8aWr»5^5 — EQaaW»13 

12 Ml JOVEWORTH m)JCi>wr3M(7ex) M ml 

.. M 0-12 ROSE DOOM pOJWRHtaSnmeari 


« 080 MLMAY W ChartBS 4-85 


D Lesfa 4-8-8 __ JWmT 



17 380 JAMES DE COOAK MBoAofl M L Thoms 6- 

38 1W0 GOLDOUCHESSJWM WBmedJy 4-80 LGtemodtS 
T9 OM GREY STARLIGHT ifes L StMal 4-8-0-. GGoaosyS 

20 OM EVSIBA»«ERDA*t*not7-M ; -KD«rter17 

21 40Q QREATRaATTVETOteaW] Macaulay W2~ -rip 

22 0M PW£ HAWK OH- Jones 87-12 0 WWanap) 18 

25 833 STEVE1MI {BHBF1 B Morgan 4-7-6 TTWtepl 

2S 80-0 PORT WST A JarWs 4-7-T__. 

27 308- CAPTARfS BRJO OR L M-7 M Fry 15 

3-1 Ffcw Hawit.7-2etevejaa 5-1 RoeteDIdans. Joveworth. 
7-1. Goid Duchess. S-T HopeftlKafie. 10-1 others. 

43 1 EEMERAKM A Stewart 80 

. 47 TBSJSJtYrtMHToJrtamM. 

- 50 0 WILWOOOMTampknsOOL ' 

-■51 - ASHFORD LASS PBorocyne 8-11 

. -.57 TANAGON H O'Neil 811 

7-4 Enbanr. 7-2 Mount OMnpua. 4-1 Mfteecons, 6-1 CaB Ta 
Honor. 10-1 OuanL MtfiertMh. 16-1 others. 

A30 FOREST HANDICAP jtt^78: 1m 6f) (20) 

2 8-10 M1Um0N(&mM4Jshar4M _MWWwel 

— 4 082 NORTHBttl RULER L LjgMmmn 4-8-7 MFry 10 

5 0022 AHTE8RM R J-Hoogfton 4415 8CauMMi7 

8 344- EtAW B OLE J Warn 4M i Three 8 

7 412 WES5EX (BVBF) N Ttntder 46-4 KteTMtor(l)« 

8 008- WANDERStG WALTOJ B 4-9-4 C P*k» (f) 15 

9 BOO- AIBGO E5TMADO K-Bnssay 4-9-1 NAdanetl 

tl 33-0 TOUCH OF LUCK 0t)RHcJnUwBd 45-12 SP«to2 

14 860 MQMM GREY D Ctaxsan 186-10 DMdrtktt 

15 308 BLEHDBtS CHOICE KBraasey 45-10. SWUtworth17 

16 325 CAMPUS BOY MnJRonsden 555— S Webster 16 

ir 858 MV CHARADE mCt MR EWtang 555 JWBtaae 20 
18 OM FAR TO GO W K^nan 4-86 NCoaocrtmte 


21 005 SlfiPWRIOfr HCTNeR556 RHMsB 


5-8-4 R Mona (5) 18 

24 OtyOBALUCMB Fleece 555- SPtMtts|&3 

27 000 

WELSH GtUUffi M Britain 4-7-13. 
r SUPSl GRASS S Meow 7-7-1 2_B 

28 Op- 

30 8B4' THE W8St8StPPtANM Eddey. 5-7-10 
7-2 Aitoaatum. 4-t MuiSon, 5-1 Touch Of Luck. Low 

KDsrtey 6 

Waked In, 1 1-2 Northern Ruler. 8-1 Wessex. 10-1 others. 


Going: good to soft 
5.15 GROVE NOVICE HURDLE (£822: 2m 4t) (18 

wn FROSTY TOUCH Mrs CSMdt 8-11-11 — KBareehM 
2 200F SSSSliEKw MR MOriAwm 5-11-11 GBrndtoy 

“ 4 5 R ^ ra ^ raJ ^,1-11MrSBtew.m 

^sssssss^^ 1 ^—. ;iaas 


2m 40071-. 

1 2UJ3-8KEWS8Y MM MWEastertw 10-12-7— A! 
I SUMWE MHf DVeoawi 

311PP KUH0N! 



- 21 
, 23 
. 29 

me BffitaMOOO SAEflB F Waten S-11-. — rr r t _ 
TO CAWALBt CROSSETT E Caine 5 41-1. NJ re»s(7) 

’ FALKLANDS FOLLY G Rclwds 6-11-1 DCnkMy 

03 DUCPBi pCJ M H EastsrtJy 5-11-1.—— 

ilfs G Re*4eyB-n-1 — P NMenfM 

p JOTWEREATER MasToSn 5-11-1 — 

prn NO LEMON G RehertHTl -1 1-1 . — PTis* 

4M RfTAS L0VEra g a5P»tfl 5^11-1 





32 38-4 THEWILKWASafSeraon 7-11-1 

33 056 WARS* FORD Ron Thorapmi 



6i < aiurcfi n Dcnussn ^mtin - — — ■ 


50 SOVDBGN LADG M MOWB 4-10-7 " 

55 Inkpen. 34- GranvMo Park. 5-1 Frosty Tow*. 

5 0111 BORDER KMGHT I ... 

6 245 NlrtERA1EfC-0)R fisher 7-1 1-7 M Meag h er 

7 48P HAPPY WQnQI MWEastetxy 11-H-7 “pita* 

10 F13U GOWAN HOUSE (C-0|W A Stephenson 7- 115 RLaa* 

■’ 12PP24 IUTHCOUIMIA8S<B)JHJolvu(n 

810-12 REnahaw 

13 001P F0HT5TAR (D1S ChhStan 510-11 NON-RUt0Bt 

H 0100 SABfT-MUtW fej (C) Mrs 0 CUhsm 15105 „ — — 

15 4V4-OAW>RateDPtetm 11-189 — ; . MrDPMwr 

16 000P LEGAL EWam M Naughton 51 0-6 _ Mftemioad 

17.303 PARK TOWH1 P MoreBUi 51D-6 NOtHUMOR 

18 4001 JMMYCHPS ffi) D Lbs 510-4 (7px) C Grant 

19 3000 (OMRED Ron Thomon 10-105 Jap» Tbomon (7) 

20 4301 S HOOLEB PWNCE F Watson 5185 pax)— 6 ' 

. 2T 24P4 FUTTERKRE(D] RETOecOCk 15105 D 

4-1 JmmyCMps. M-Nurnemta. 51 Bontar Knight. 

7.15 HETTON NOVICE CHASE (£960: 2m) (10) 

1 1212 FE8GY FOSTER fC-OKBF) w A Stephenson 



Going: good to soft 
Draw: tow nurtfoers best 

2.15 SPA SELLING STAKES (3-Y-O: £834: 1m 
8ydX14 runners) 

1 851 HC VIC B Stevens 51 2 CRnur(5)9 

2 1M THET0OS1 MATADOR L HoR 512 PWeWra a2 

3 860 D9.TA LMA (B) G Kivlefstw 57 J Raid 7 

4 8M FIRST ORBIT M McCourt 57 RWemheeitO 

5 654 JULTOWN LAD H Beatiey 57 HUmch»9 

7 BAOJ CemrmB-i 

8 005 CHAOJNOuR Hannon 54 

9 060 HANNAH REED O R Tucker 54. 

10 JEA1ME JUQAN □ R Tucker 5 

11 004- NBftJCO J BratSty 54 _.. 

12 M SWEET FOOL R Hodges 54 

13 2M TAKE A BREAK D Lung 54 

5 115 GOPfG GOMG ffllh Candy 75-2 PJohMOn{7)9 

6 S35 H0NETDEW WONQER (UJiaF) 0 Bswortfi 


7 1M DERRYRMB D Lang 4-95 J Raid 20 

9 135 MOORLAND LADY € Greeny 4-57 G Carter (3) 16 

10 mi PKAD&LY PRMCE A James 65-7 S Dawten (3) 7 

11 005 DANONG BARRON (C* M toward 

15 4/5 ANT7NWG ELSE J fire 554 ^ff^foRaSSrl 

19 510 STAH OF IRELAND fBF)G Pnce 552 _ 0 KM (T) 13 

20 353 LQNG6TOP (C) P Mam 4-51 GBaner5 

21 Qf5 KUWAIT MUTAR M Madowtec 4-51 _ A Shoofta (5) 11 

22 205 SKN 0 RMA OOONE JBretBey 5-7-13 RFox4 

23 0C- BALLET CHAW (USA) RHoBtf 57-13— A Pined 17 

24 050 MOON JESTBiM Usher 57-12 D lidwylO 

25 355 PARANG ICi P Welwyn 57-12 N Howe 12 

26 51U BOLD LLUSKM (BF) M EOdey 575 _ LRiggb(7)18 

27 4M RiCCO STAR (B) J BracSey 574 .TtoimS 

28 0/2- ntAFFTTANZI D Bsworth 5-7-7 

30 MS- MUAS GOLF (D) D Jarmy 57-7. 

. D Brown (7) 3 



0 VfBfTBTS BETA J FBtch-Heyaa 54 ACtatS 

9-4 fic Vic. 51 Taka A Bntec, 52 firal Ortrt. 11-2JWtown 
Led, 51 The Tender Matador, 151 Chagunoia. 151 others. 

51 Bold Musnn. 51 Star Ot Ireland. 11-2 Haneydew 
Wonder, 51 Gcsog Going, 51 Bessen, Longstop. 


£1,264: 5f) (14) 


Bath selections 

-By Mandarin 

2.45 Take A Break. 2.45 Rosedale. 3.15 Plaid. 

3.45 BOLD ILLUSION (imp). 4.1 S Castle 
Cornel. 4.45 Golden Heights. 5.15 Modena Reef 

.' By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

2.45 Abydqs. 5.15 Below Zero. 

By Michael Seely \ ‘ 

145 Moon Jester. 5.15 Modena ReeC 










6 CAST1E COMET R Hannon M 
MAGMARY SKY M Btanahanl 9-0 
0 MARKSEAGULLJ L Spearing 9-0 

SiEBnME FOR fWERJ Holder 50 _ , 
0 TEZSHBOUU L G Coorel 9-0 

0 F0U.V GALE Mis CReevey 511 
BteSUAL FRBB) C J Hfl 511 . 
JAISALMBI 0 R Bswortfi 511 
SPANSH SKY N Vigors 51 1 

£1,176 1m 31150yd) (16) 

1 . ABYDQBW Janas 90 B Roma IS 

" TttateilS 

90 PCoohl 

5-4 Casfle Comet 51 The Domtrvcan, 5t Mark Seegu*- 5 
1 Jateaftner, 8-1 R*y Gale. 151 The Uonheart. 151 Others. 

£1.171: 1m 31 150yd) (16) 

B 522 BBBBA 

7 053 BETTER BEW, 

8 235 BEYBAHSWHem 
5 BE1ET H Candy 50 

P Cole 50 


90 — Pat Eddery 4 
W Canon 5 
R Coast 8 
R Cueti— 6 

9 . 

10 M BBULLA M Btenherd 90 

14 0 DUNCAN HARD R Johnson Houpmn 50 -J Reid 11 

19 004 GRAND FtrtGDLainaM ! 

■ 20 5 H&L0 GEORGE M McCormack 50 — GBaxtwlD 

21 K2HTHAM (IBAl G Hanmood M GStartrey7 

27 05 POLEOBFT W R VOorepuy 50 —IS 

31 2-2 ROSSMLERnA) J Dunlap 90 BTAobmU 

39-405 IURFAH 8JSA1P WMayaOO NHowe12 

44 OM.MUtANOLVSrrURER Akahint511 MNb 3 

48 NAUTICAL STEP D GandoMo 511 A McGtoac 2 

S-2Roeadale l 7-2lghiham,5-1 BenfiatMar. 11-2 Duncan 
Idaho. 51 ActaVun. 151 Betw Beware. 12-1 BeyOars, 

3.15 SOMERSET EBF STAKES (3-Y-O: £4,103- 1m 
2f 50yd)(6) 

2 135 FAIBLY FRPC <BF) W Ham 513 W Carson 5 

3 2M QORtSOUS STRKE C Nelson 513 JMd6 

5 32-3 PLAB P WSlrnn 513 NHowaZ 

6 110- RQBBAMA (IBM) J Dunlop 513 RFtef 

13 LAMXlAflK i Battru 86 PWEdderyJ 

15 513 PRBICE MERAMM M Francis 58 A Ctet 1 

74 Plaid. 114 Robtama. 51 Fantiy Fnand. 7-1 Landmark. 

10-1 Prtnca Marandu 151 Gorgeous Strike. 

3.45 EMPIRE HANDICAP (£2^97: 1m 3f 150yd) 
(80) • 


G Harwood 50 

. G Staikay 2 


0 BLUSHING SPY M FeBmUon-Godtoy 50. P Waldrra 6 

800 EASTERN PLAYER D lavu 9-0 C Rutter (5)5 

05 GAY CARUSO K&aoey 50 

45 GOLDEN HEIGHTS P WatainM PM EriteW ? 

5 LAW COURT (USA) H Candy 90 R Corea 3 

53 MGHTI.Y 0 A Wfcon 90 — Bjjpaee 11 

T Omm 13 

05 MtNSTRALUS (USA) P Cole M _ 

05 SWttSTAR TAX8AVER J-BeBuB 50 — WCanenA 
0 SUMMERHEi. ROCK P □ Haynes 50.-— .- 
05 TREieiD0USJET(USMMMadGMCk50 RGoeattS 
ALLATUM (USA) BWfc 8-11 

42 OM BATTLE FLEET M usher 511 0 Mday; 10 

43 5 DBWTA^FWR Johnson Houghton 511 JRatdB 






114 Alarm Cal. 51 Lew Court. 9-2 ' Bastinado. 51 
MinstraMs. 51 Goklan Haight Gay Caruso. 151 Aflatum. 

5.15 ILOCSTER HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £2,704: 1m 

8yd) (12) 

G Carter (3)6 

G Beater 9 

6 053 TOAMUNGtON COURT P WMwyn M*ZZ — N Howe 6 

7 MO EMRVS N Wgor* 54 P Cook 4 

8 053 BOOENA R^JB) 1 Battna 9-3 Pat Eddery 11 

9 202- HST WE GREEK 0 Lang 5-2 JReld2 

to 015 SYNT1ETIC 0 Artiutnnot 5? W Carson 12 

17 001- ARABIAN BLUES M Usher 56 D McKay 3 

16 465 STANFORD VALE C Neteon 55 I Johnson 1 

20 025 SPMNAKER LADY M Usher 7-13 AMcOkmeS 

21 050 MSS KAALEOUMR Hannon 7-11 RFoalO 

3 1222 BQJJW ZERO A Beley 57 . 

4 02-1 BOWL OVBtPMakin 9-7- 

5 M PORO BOV C Wttams 97 

506 CHRISTIAN SCHAD R Holder 5513 — A DSjk l |7) 1 9 

435 BAS8M P) L Kenrarrd 4-5-8 — 

> Patl 

5-2 Bowl Over. 7-2 Modena Reef. 51 Beiow Zero. 7-1 
Framkngton Court 51 Emrys. 151 Arabian Blues. 

Dunwoody accepts Nicholson offer 

Richard Dunwoody. the 22- 
ycar-old National Hunt jockey, 
.win ride as first jockey for David 
Nicbolson next year (Chris- 
topher Goulding writes). 
Dunwoody replaces Peter 
Scudamore, who is joining Fred 
Winter next season as his No 1 

Dunwoody said yesterday: “I 

hope to continue riding for 
Captain Forster when available 
and also Phillip Mitchell, Mi- 
chael Oliver and Colio Nash. It 
has been a great season for me. 
My winning ride in ibe National 
on West Tip was tremendous 
and my other success over the 
National fences on Glenrue in 
i he Whitbread Chase was also a 

great moment." 

Nicholson had previously re- 
tained Dunwoody as his second 
jockey and will allow him to 
retain the ride on West Tip. 
Now thai Dunwoody has se- 
cured a leading retainer it can be 
expected that the young Irish- 
man will soon become cham- 
pion jockey. 

2 UW2 DOVER (BR MH EasteiljyS-11-a- 

4 '45a BELUTTOJ Chariton 5l5l3__ 

SedgefieW selections 

By Mandarin 

5. 1 5 Inkpen. 5.45 Mr Spot. 6.\5 

Jimmy Oirps. 7.15 Dover. 7.45 Newmarket 
Sausage. 8.15 Biras Creek. 

Michael Seely's selection: 7.45 RULE OF THE- 
SEA (napV 


i on MSPorBStgaB-ig*- 

1 SR asaBMIH BS™«^’» w= 

14 POOP HWCEStfiSrS **??; j vm» 

moot, WS 


(£51fr. 3m 600yd) (?) - ^ wim* 

2 1000 RABtNSIU J H«8e« 1 

4 MB O VBi^^^^vanghareJoowP) 




5O0PO COW4ECTOR D Ysoman 7-1513 PAFwtM (4} 

6 00*3 MSTDRE HOUSE (Bf M Berby 114913 — ABmn 

8 POOF THE R1DINQS R Tate 7-1513 MrRTvte 

9 3000 VTTWOUC R fish* 7-1513 MUMOher 

t 12 OOP/ GOOO GOStG G8B. R Swtere 5W6 MrSSwtan 


15 0004 CWflSEITG V Hafi 5152 A 

- 1511 Dover, 3-1 Fergy Foster. 51 V^iofc. 

2m 4Q (10) 

’ 2 1W HATQBiYNAPj5«KStone51511.JODn4ee(7y 
• 3 1408 RULE Cff THE SEA (USA)SBF) A StoO 

511-10 D 

4 Mil tteWMARXET SAUSAGE (l»)GU Moore 


5 IM -SECRET FINALE (C49JHJolxson7?1l4L. 

14 0P4 TASTY GUY R fistwr 7-151 1 

15 2008 OCCA M BOVO Tinkler 5186 M DaMr 

18 -ODD BUCKM BCl g l BO Y W lManonS-150 — SJOTteM 

17 0U88 DUSTY FARLOW SJ) B Preece MM — 

19 6001- (MOLE OUVER 64 Vlhontpscn 


20 8101 GO USSAVA (B) R E PeBcodt 5100 D Dutton 

51 New mar ket Sausage. 51 Rtrie u( tbe See. 52 Seem 

Finale, ■ 

8-15 RYHOPE NOVICE HURDLE (4-Y-O: £548: 2m) 


1 P AB0THBtD0UjmraABa»Yl1-0_MrJCUMi(7} 

2 4003 B81AS CREEK raJSWtean t14J C Great 

3 F CKAgt-ATHM Z Grafln il-0 
. 4 4000 OARWMARWJobnson 11-0 

S .. DBHS W A Swjwnson 11-0 
S 0008 FAVOUR -BY-^WUNE P Curtis 11- 

7 0P02 LOW MOOR MWEaWBW 11-0 

8 00 POKEY MWEaMlteTtt A 

10 . STAY ON TRACKS W A Sfepbmsan HL-llte 

.3 pSSSSE^fS^rilltW 

3 HBM 8 S 3 Bai?jz=.tae 

16 008 LUNAR ROMANCE V Uwiiipvan 







1M Mr MUterepocnW 
- MHoamaad 


Going: heavy 

Y-O: £685: 2m 110yd) {10 runners) 

1 6P UTTLE DICKENS Pal Mtebrt 12-7, — 

3 111F WHEWT A Moore 12-2 Miss C Mode (7) 

6 6022 CRONSONBOU) JR Jenkins 1511 S Sherwood 

11 FOB SrTARTWMERAkeburetlOA R Dunwoody 

13 0004 TOPSOIL 0 J Write 10-2 ACmti 

15 040 FDRMDABLE LAOY W WAjpeman 151 -Mtte i tenwi 

20 OPP aGU WCH0R J B_Sqere l50 CBram 

21 0040 CHARLSTON GEORK R Shepherd 150- DWrtB(7) 

22 0P0P BROKEN TACKLE DA Outran 150 PDeuMe 

1511 imeriL 7-2. Crimson Bold. _51 Topsoil. 51 

19 0006 WAR AND PEACE (B)R Hoad 7-180. 

20 -004 ZS’AHJB N Lee-Judson 9150 

25 (WOO UNTON ® B Stevens 12-100 . 

29 -P03 CHARJOI A Moore 5100. 

31 1-P0 ASMEIGH BOY JD Dawes 5180. 

M Hoed (7] 
_ S Moore 

J H Dantes 

Mss C Moore (7) 
G Hearer (7) 

11-4GalttniBuck.7-2BobTi9Claa.51 Foyle Fisherman, 5 

" ~ a. 12 -t ' 

1 Ogee. 51 Prince's Drive. 151 Rebeg. 




(£1,280: 2m) (7) 

5 OOn DEJOTONmDB Underwood 511-11. 
10 2S21 AUTUMN SAJI Mas L Bowr 7-1 1-8- 
14 -000 BOYNE SALAUN Mss L Bower 

51511 MrTGrentem(4) 
16 -0R» BlMES KEEP G ftptey 11-158 

21 4000 

22 0POU 



25 0233 TOM CAXTOHJS King 5188 

PNUpson 11-188 RG 

K Barite {4} 

Formidabte Lady, 10-1 Sear Theme. 151 C ha rleston George. 

Folkestone selections 

By Mandarin 

5.30 Jnhcrit. 6.0 Golden Minstrel 6 JO Gallant 
Buck. 7.0 Auiamn Zulu. 7.30 Midnight Song. 8.0 
Sunny Slave. 


52 Autumn Zulu. 51 Boyne Salmon. 51 Denston. 



| WT 1^1^511-7. 

D Browne 
_ A Webb 

3m 2f){11) ' 

1 3FUB GOLDEN IWSTREL (C) J T GiKord 7-150 Rl 

2 5*1 BROWS STAR O A Ooffltsw 5T1-7 PDoohie 

4 3P20 PRMCE BAI R Chanwon 1511-7 HDntes 

8 2103 HEARLM J A Old 7-11-2 NON4U0MBI 

7 flora BRYMA B Pateiq 511-0 : Atbtfafta 


B 03P CAMP DUMPKY B Hubbard 8-11-0 


ID -W CODGER RCArmytags 51 1-0 — Mr M AiMfi (7) 
«RY Mbs D Baker 511-4. J Luvefiy 

iw Ores Creek, 51 Low Moor, 51 Steen Secret 

14. FUO BTOIAN COUNTRY Mtee D Baker 511-4.. 

18 -PFP PAM1A MANm R Gmr 7-11-0.——— CBrm 

17 OOPP STAND RRMRS Bow 511-0 PDerer 

190F50 STBFAMFR G R PTasi 511-0 BPmrei 

7-4 Golden MlnstraL 11-4 Brawn’s Star. 9-2 Prmca B a. 

6J0 SWALE HANDICAP HURDLE (£1,518: 2m 6f) 

2 P602 BOBTISOAIJ-J A Edwards 7-11-9 __P Barton 

3 1301 F0YIE FStERMAN J R JentaM 7-11-6— S SwwOOd 


51 1-2 (5e*)P Scedaem 

7 0241 BIOS J B Sayers 5-n-j f5ex] — C Brown 

’ 9 440 REBEG T A Fomr 51512 HDeviea 

- 10 0034 P H HCb 8 DRIVE BFaBng 51510 C Bans (7) 

14 PO03 MASTER AWREW R Charapbn 11-151 — JSotbem 
16 -0P0 BVUCATION A Moore 7-154 B Moore 

IP) JRJenkns 

510-10SS Sherwood 

14 3323 IBDWGHr SONG T A Forster 11-10-2 — R Dunwoody 

15 1-32 BUCKS GREEN (BR JTGtfiord 5180 Htowe 


11-180 RRowfi 

25 01 P0 RAIITEX LAD (C-O) R P Hoed 

5150 M Hoad (7) 

26 FB8 POORSON (BgO) RVtoorepuy 15150 MFurtong 

8-4 MkJregK Song. 5-2 Bucks Green, 51 Rhythmic 

Peshmes. 8 I C 00 I G«. 181 W Six Times, 151 others. 

2m 6f) (15) 

4 0140 COLDHARBOUR LADE L Eteever 511-5 P Guest 

B OOOO ATKW SJWG P Enretts 511-0 EMupbyW 

12 poo Charlottes choice wvMgMmsn 


16 2000 WBHLAND CARDdtAL J □ (tanas 7-11-0 J Lsvaloy 

17 POP IVY LEAGUE JRJenkns 51 1-0 J White 

20 005 LORD SOLENT R Howe 7-11-0 PHowem 

21 860 MAURE-BUGGG A Hubbard 911-0 R Fahey m 

23 50 PRINCE MOON GB Bating 811-0 BWb 

25 P0 RAW MW Kenan 51i4 — JAkabM 

29 Q3M 6WWYSLAVE ri^Hendsnson 5TI-0 M5o«fey(7} 

31 WESTBW VISION O Snenvood 511-0 8 Sherwood 

33 P6P DUSTY RUN RPSlwpheid 


' HM 


5189 Hn Cl 

— si btea 

51 Sunny Slave, 51 Western Wsten. 5i Prmca Moon. 


Honeyghan is oie 
step away from 
a world title bout 

By Sriknmar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 
Lloyd Honeyghan- of Honeyghan used to be ^ 

Bermondsey, the Bnush. Euro- 
pean and Commonwealth 
welterweight chammon. couW 
cash in on a million-doHar 
showdoa-n with Donald Cuny, 
of the United States, the un- 
disputed world champion- by 
the end of the year. Bui nrst the 
world No. 3 must beat the No. 1 
contender, Horace Shufford. ot 
the Untied States, in a final 
World Boxing Council elimi- 
nator at Wembley on May ^al- 
ii is unlikdy that Honeyghan 
will let Sbufford stand in his way 
now that he is so close to a 
fortune that could launch his 
business ventures. “Honey 
needs money," he said- The 
Bermondsey boxer, who dresses 
with style and flair and wants 
money almost as badly as 
Sidney Green sure l, a cool 
dresser himself, used to. 
Remember the big man s 
“Money means more to me than 
my life. Money means more to 
me than your lifc". 

Honeyeban’s new manager. 
Bobby Neill, believes that the 
triple champion has the ability 
to get past Shuffoid. who is 
basically a boxer rather than a 
puncher, with only five knock- 
outs in his record of 26 wins, 
two defeats and one draw. “If 
Honeyghan keeps showing the 
improvement in the gym be has 
shown over the last six weeks he 
will give Curry a hell of a fight". 

Terry Lawless, but now that he 
has moved to Neill's gym he has 
not only been happier in himself 
but shown the ability to match 
his ambitions. “We can talk to 
each other and work moves out 
- before. 1 had to listen. Bobby 
has improved my balance and 
punching and 1 am a belter all- 
round fighter now", Honeyghan 

“^ready the World Boxing 
Council have appointed the 
referee and two judges land Thaw 
asked the British Boxing Board 
of Control 10 nominate a third 

0T Also orf the same bill Charlie 
Magri. the 30-year old European 

flyweight champion, returns to 

the ring 10 defend his tide 
against Duke McKenzie, the 
British champion from Croy : 
don. who was a boy when Magn 
was bowling them over. • 

McKenzie, unbeaten m 16 
contests, remains suitably 
deferential but believes he will 
win. “1 used to watch Magn 
when I was a boy and never 
thought 1 would end up fighting 

Yet another British cham- 
pion. Chris Pyatt. the Leicester 
lighi-midtfleweighL also has an 
outing ihat night. He meets 
Adam George, from tbe United 
States, who had a good win oyer 
Prince Rodnev not long before 
Rodney lost his title to Pyatt. 


Talks on Downey 

From Richard 

The future of Jake Downey as 
England team manager is once 
again in doubt following the 
failure of both the men's and 
women's squads to challenge 
seriously for medals in the 
Thomas and Uber Cup world 
team championships here. 

The man whose position has 
been under threat in recent 
weeks since a players' petition to 
remove him from the post will 
almost certainly have his future 
discussed at the Badminton 
Association of England’s exec- 
utive committee meeting next 

There is a strong lobby to 
divide Downey’s job and move 
him into another role, probably 
that of coaching manager. 
Events of the past few days have 
intensified the feelings of several 
leading BA of E officials that 
quick decisions are necessary 
when the squads return home. 

One possibility is that Paul 

Eaton, Jakarta 
WhetnalL, the coach who has 
been promoted temporarily 10 
the role of Thomas Cup man- 
ager. is likely to find Umself 
involved in a managerial po- 
sition on a more regular basis. 
Heather Nielsen, in charge of 
the Uber Cup squad and the 
forthcoming chairwoman of the 
selectors, may also have a 
greater involvement. 

What makes changes all the 
more likely is that Downey 
himself is dissatisfied with the 
present set-up. Wheinall and 
Nielsen have the confidence of 
most of the players, leaving 
Downey, sometimes, as little 
more than a figurehead. It may 
be a relief to him, as well as to 
others, to be moved 10 the 
important coaching position for 
which he is most suited. 

Many of the players, mean- 
while. will stay on to leant what 
they can from the dimax to the 


Lecce depart with 
a decisive say 

Juventns have retained tbe 
Italian championship. Roma 
cracked in tbeir last two 
matches, losing both, while 
Joventus won theirs to go fonr 
points clear. On Sunday, they 
won away to Lecce, who had jnst 
beaten Roma in Rome: Roma 
lost 1-0 in Como. Gordon 
Cowans* and Panl Rideout’s 
dobJUri, held Udinese to a 2-2 
draw; they go down with Pisa 
and Lecce. 

In a hectic European week. 
Real Madrid are at home to 
Cologne in the first leg of the 
UEFA Cup final tomorrow. 
Their rivals, Adeticn, meet Dy- 
namo Kiev in the Cup Winners’ 
Cup final on Friday in Lyons, 

Cologne most play their home 
leg at feast 350 mDes away from 
their stadium, a punishment for 
tbeir supporters' misbehaviour 
in their last home tie against 
Waregem- Nevertheless, Real 
might prefer it the other way 
around: they are renowned for 
their remarkable second-leg 
recoveries at the Bentabeu. such 
as in the semi-finals when they 
thrashed Inter Milan 5-1. 

As for Dynamo, they will be 
playing tbeir second Cop 
Winners* final, haring beaten 
Ferencvaros in 1975. On May 7 
in Seville comes the European 
Cup final in which Barcelona 
meet the surprising Romanian 
army dab. Steam Bucharest, 
tbe first side from that country 
to reach a European final and 
ret snubbed all season by 
Romania's team manager, 

Only the brflUant midfield 



Brian Glanvfle 

strategist Bofoni. an army den- 
tist has- been a regular of the 
national side. Perhaps Lucescn 
is now wishing he had gambled 
ou the gifted young outside right 
Marius Lacatns, who has been 
in glorious form. 

Real Madrid are faced, in 
attack, with an embarrassment 
of choke. In their last UEFA 
game, the absence of their 
Argentine international forward, 
Valdano, who was suspended, 
meant they could use the 34- 
year-old centre forward. 
Sand liana, who came to life in 
extra time and notched two more 
Roals- . L . 

Real are favourites in their 
final. But Cologne hare two 
stars who may make all the 
difference. Harald Schumacher 
will be in goal, as he was in the 
Bernabeu in the 1982 World 
Cop final: And Klaus Allots is 
scoring freely. 

It is difficult to choose be- 
tween Kiev and Atfetko- In the 
second leg matches. Kiev lacked 
the versatile, blond Bessonov, 
who. like his left sided colleague, 
Demianenko, can play at full 
back or in midfield. Da Silva, so 
penetrative in Uruguay's attack 
at Wrexham last week, did not 
play for Atletico. 

Brian Glanville is football 
correspondent of The Sunday 


FRENCH LEAGUE: Auxwre 2. Laval 0; 
Nancy a Toulouse 1: Nee 1. Bordeaux 
1 , Brest 1, LBe IJtanty a Toulouse 
1: Parts Saint-Germain 3. Basda l;Lens 0. 
Mee OtSocftaux 1. Monaco liRemnes 1. 
Strasbourg 1 .Names 1 . Toulon 1. Leatem 
final etan an aa; 1 . Para S-G. 56 ptsi. 
Nantes. 53. 3BortJaau*. 49. T ' 

Basaa and Strasooir g. Praim 
Club Pans and Saint Enema. 

EAST GERMAN: Kail Mara Stadt 2. Staht 
Bnandsnbwg ft Dinamo Serte 1 . Rot- 
Wbjss Erfurt 1: Dynamo Dresden 2. 
Sacbsemmg 2wicfcau 1: Lokomotiv Leip- 
zig 1. Vorwaens Frankfurt 0: Hansa 
Rostock 0. Carl Zeiss Jena 0; Magdeburg 
1. Sera Riesa l:Wismut Ate £ Urnon 
Bertm O Laacfing standfcios: 1. Dynamo 
Baffin. 30pa: 2. Cert Zeiss Jane. 2& 3, 
Lokomotiv Leipzig. 28. 

SPANISH CUP: fW Real Zaragoza 1. 
Barcelona 0. 

HUNGARIAN; Debrecen 1. Homed 1; 

1. Upest 
^ n Era 1-. 

- jaba T: Zeiaegerszeg 2, 

Vasas ft Skrtok 0. MTK VMOVfcteonxi fl. 
Ferencvaros O .Lerateg final a t and teg s: I. 
Homed. 45ptK 2. Pecs. 39; 3. Rata Eto, 
3 7. 

Twoastfc Ankaragucu 0, Fenerbance ft 
Besttas 5, Orduspor i; Sanyer 3. 

Z Samsunspor 

■* < IHiraG iAJICUIkfl V 1 

Bruges 3. Mectteen 0 (a 

6. Eskfeerarspor 
DenizhSpor 1 ; 

Galatasaray a _ 

l-Besttnts. 47ptt; 2. Gaimseray. 47; 3, 
Samswiapor 39. 

BEU3UN CUP: SemHkiela: Chib Bruges 
A Franca Borons 0 (egg :7-0T. Cerate 

___ . ...i^enfiea 2. 


GRRQLA£X Q, Pana&meftos ft ApoSon 
V Senes 1 ; Kalamana 1 . PanachaiW ft 
Dove 2, Larasa 1: EmtUtos 0. fiahls ft 
RAnomes 1. Ans ft PACK 4. Yarrow £ 
Ohmpiakoa 3. OF1 3-Learfing fiaal sbmd- 

Iobe i.Panatfttirttos. 43uts. 2. OR. 38: 

3. AEK. 3650 VIET: Zent Leningrad 3 . 
Dynamo Tbilisi fttorat Alma An 1 . 
Cnemumorels Odessa 1: Torpedo Mos- 
cow 1. Dnepr Dnepropetrovsk 1£ 
k 2. Dynamo 

Minsk 2, Dynamo Moscow 

Donetsk 1 . Mar* Yerevan 1: 

Kharkov 2. Naitchi Baku (kDynamo Kiev 2. 

Spartak Moscow iZhalgfris V4nu9 1. 
Torpedo Kutaisi 2. Leading aian dki av: 1. 
Zerat Leningrad. lOptS, 2, Dynamo Kiev. 
10; 3. Chernomorets. 9. 

BULGARIAN CUP: Final: Vitoslta 
2.Sredets 1 . 

ROMAN lAMSieaua Bucharest 2, Sporad 
Studemesc Bucharest i; Rapid Buctarest 
1, Dinamo Bucharest ft unweradaiea 
Club Napoca 2, Potrtemuca Timisoara 1; 
Vetera Bucharest 2. Oil ft Brasov 1. 
Umveratatsa 1; Bihor Oradea 1. BacauO; 
CorvmuJ Hunedoara 5. Mures 0; Gtorta 
Buzau 3. Chuna VUcea ft Araes Pnaso 2. 
Petrotm Pfoiesb 1. Leading staneflno s. 
I.Steaua BucrtaresL 43 pts: 2. Sponul 
Shtdemesc. 37; 3, Untversttatea Craiova 

DUTCH: AZ'67 ADonaar 4 . Roda JC 

Ketkrade ^Gransigen 3 . wv Vemo 

«. NEC Nhmegen 0. Fonuna Sittard ftAJax 
4. Den Bosch 1:TWente Enschede ft 

Haarlem ft Sparta Rotterdam 3. Utrecht 

Z fxoeteor Ronerdam 2. Feyenoord 
1MW Maastricht ft Go Ahead Eagles 
Deventer ftLestAng final ataatfrae: 
1.PSV Bndhoven, SSpts: 2. Ajax. 47; 3. 
.Feyenoord. 41. 

YUGOSLAV; Sarajevo 0. Vojvodlna Novi 
SadO; Prtstma 1. Ce6k Zenica ft Suaeska 
Nttslc 2. Driamo Vtnkowa ft Buducnosl 
Titograd 2. Rijeka 1. Vardar 1 . Dmamo 

Zagreb 1: Hapji* Son 1. Ostek 1: Vattz 

Mostar ft Partsan Belgrade ft Red star 

Belgrade 4 zraezneer Saratevo i. OFK 

Belgrade ftaoooda Tuzia a.Leedhn 
etanefinga; 1 . Pamzan.36.2. RaaSUi 34- 
3. Velez. 30. WEST GERMAN: Bawrn 
Munich 6. Bcnissia Monchen^adbaro ft 

Bayer Ue rdnggnS. Fonuna dSsSSStI ft 

.B ocryn ft Kamourq t, 
Ertracht Frankfurt 0: Hanover l BontSM 

^"0. ^arraucken ft Kjsersttutem & 

I Sayer LOTCTkusen ^ vfg 

^OMZWmda Bremen 1. Leading 
ITALIAN: AiteHna 0. Napofi 1- Como l 

1 L ^ e . ^ Juvw| m s 3; l! 


flteeft Lecce. Pna and Ban. 


r of The 

P 01 

id shi 
j With 




• was 





earns in peril 
face crucial 
games without 
key players 

Two dubs facing crucial 
relegation matches tonight 
and tomorrow may have key 
players ruled wit by injury. 
Alan Smith, the Leicester City 
forward, is doubtful for to- 
morrow night’s home gma 
against IiverpooL He has a 
knee injury which has pre- 
vented him playing in the last 
two games against Queen's 
Park Rangers and Manchester 
United, both of which Leices- 
ter lost. 

The Midlands dub. whose 
only remaining game after 
Liverpool's visit is another 
home fixture, with Newcastle 
United on Saturday, will also 
be without their winger, Steve 
Lynex, through suspension. A 
win and a draw from those 
two games should ensure 
Leicester’s safety unless Cov- 
entry City, who have an 
inferior goal difference, gain a 
big win against Rangers on 
Saturday. Liverpool's need is 
to win both at Filbert Street 
and at Chelsea on Saturday, in 
which case Everton would also 
require maximum points from 
their last three games to retain 
the championship. 

The other player likely to 
miss an important match is 
Steve Cross, the captain of 
Shrewsbury Town, whose 
team's visit to Sunderland 

tonight is vital to both dubs. 
He has an ankle injury. A 
draw would keep Shrewsbury 
in the second division and 
leave Sunderland sweating it 
out until Saturday when they 
receive the'in-fonn Stoke City. 

In the likely absence of 
Cross, Johnson will return 
after injury at full back and 
Hughes will be pushed for- 
ward to fill Cross's midfiekij 
spot. Nardiello. the former 
England youth international, 
who has returned from a loan 
spell at Cardiff City, where he 
scored four goals in six out- 
ings. is included in a 13-strong 

Wimbledon will be without 
Smith, their central defender, 
for tonight's home game with 
Stoke City. He twisted a knee 
in Saturday's 3-1 home win 
over Hull City. Martin takes 
his place and Thorn has been 
added to the squad as cover. A 
Wimbledon victory would 
take them above Portsmouth 
into the third promotion 

Les Briley, the Mill wall 
captain, is struggling to recov- 
er from injury and may have 
to miss lonight'smaich at 
Bradford City. If he is out, 
either Walker or Leslie is 
likely to come in with Chatter- 
ton. the substitute. 


Final gives hope 
for the future 

Ice hockey supporters left 
Wembley on Sunday evening 
hugging themselves with delight 
at what they had just seen and 
foil of optimism for the future. 

Sunday's Heineken 
championship final, which saw 
Murrayfield Racers win the title 
for the first time, beating Dun- 
dee Rockets 4-2. was by for the 
best of the three staged at 
Wembley. It was played at a 
fierce pace, it was physical 
without ever bong vicious, it 
featured spectacular goal-tend- 
ing and was played before 7,657 
people, the biggest Wembley ice 
hockey crowd for some 30 years. 

In Saturday's first semi-final, 
Dundee Rockets turned a 4-2 
deficit into a 5-4 win over 
Durham Wasps with three goals 
in the last seven minutes. Ron- 

By Norman De Mesqmta 

nie Wood's winner coming with 
only 18 seconds remaining. 

Optimism for ice hockey's 
future was fuelled by a game that 
took place on Sunday morning: 
the final of the British junior 
championship for players aged 
16 and under. Streatham Scor- 
pions brat Fife Flames 7-0, but 
the result was of secondary 
importance. What was en- 
couraging was the level of skill 

The second semi-final fea- 
tured two outstanding individ- 
ual performances as 
Murrayfidd Racers beat Fife 
Flyers 8-4. Tony Hand, voted 
the best young British player ofj 
the year, scored five goals and 
Chris Kelland played 58 of the 
60 minutes, only a second 
period penalty allowing him to 
Take a resL 



GOMCk Good to soft 
2.19 (6*1, EXAMINATION (G.Cartar3 
4Fa*).2.t M l a pdH sa rty ( P.Robinaon 12- 
ifc 3. Manor ( C.Ruttar 12-1): 4, Deputy 
Tim ( W.Carson (9-1 J. Also ran: 11-4 
Mea m 14 WMiam Girt. 16 Hopeful 
Dancer. Topeka Express. 20 Count 
Ainwiva (Stfi). Fancy Pages. Rebeao Imp. 
UHtoe VMbe CM* 33 De&al Rose. Nwrt 
Boy. Hooray Harndton. Pegasus Lady. 18 
ran. 21. 21 nk. m yji. a. Bailey at 
Newmarket Tote: £2. SO; £1.10. £4.40. 
£1.30. £150: OF: MS-40. CSF: £3155. 
Tricaafc £2fi6_91. 

2.45 f1m4f):1,HOLYPORT VICTORY (M 
Wgham 9-2); 2. Detail Sara ( G Baxter 7- 
2 ftvKL Sugar Palm (A. McGtane MR 4. 
Vm Temper IP McEntee 1 1-1 ). Also ran: 

Roreat 12 Kin Star. 14 
Royal Craftsman, 

10 Flora! 

Pooeta, 20 Fort Navel, Janaao. Tna 
Weight WM Ginger. 33 Gorgeous Prin- 
cess. Mias Goff J PUV Crook N Honest 
Flame Flower. 20 Ran. 4U.8L3Lii.1LM 
Usher at Lamtxjum.Totn: EE ift £150, 
El -80. £150. £5.10 DF: £520. CSF. 
£2214 Tricast: £12255 
3.15(1m2f): 1. ARMADA (G Starkey 1-6 
F«vj2. wem Reel (W Carson 3lk 3. 
S p r o w a ton Boy (Gay KeBeway 25-1). Also 
rare 100 Sales Promoter (4th). 4 Ran. nk, 
20L drit G Harwood at Priborough. Tote 
£1.10 OF: £120. CSF: £1.47. 

348 (1m 21): 1. CANDAULE8 (B Rouse 
25-1)2. Moandawn (R Cochrane 9-1): a 
Track HarsWI (M Wrghwn 8-11.4. 
Marian ^Rtajo 7-1): Also ran: 9-2 far 
Under the STars. 5 Trumps, 11-2 
Gambon, 10 Resisiar. (8th). 14 
Daneuencar. Lhw Tent. 20 Kar a Winnie. 
Roberts Girt. Tame Duchess, 33 Lord 
Butch, Gold Hunter. Chalet Waktogg. 
Hovers Rood. Fke Chtaftan. Casbar Kid 
Nobkt Phto. (5th), Mcanrc. 21 ran 
NRJtaneyna's Phds. 3. sh hd. 2L7L 1 M. C 
James, at Newbury. Tote £2450: £4.40. 
OS SO. £150. £1.70: OF £585.40. 

CSF223257. nicest £1501.68. 

350 (50 1. MBS MARJOTC 
Wekfcon. 6-4 tav); 2. Rwe Sfaras 
Comortoa 7-4); 3. Valdosta (R Hfc. __ 
IV ALSO RAN: 5 FlybW S4eriy (6th). 7 


George, i*. 2SI. 1 SL 3511. ShJld. L Holt at 
Bastngstoka. Tote: £270: £190. £1.12 
DF: E&OlCSF: £4.78. Rva Sobs finished 
first after a stewards Inqury and an 
objection. the first two pricings were 

re J5^T?^DOllN^W«EAM (Pat 


RAN: a Swwhsh Princess. vf Oasa 
Queen. 16 Sokotova. 20 Sybil FawBy. 25 
Arerataa, Hardy Chance. 33 HachkW tsu. 
Sirdar Flyer (Sth). YOung Herokte. SO 
Cette Dow (4th). Awrt EnylBih). UCM*. 
Lady Britop. Mas Brahn*. NaiQWy 
Nighty. Vrtvet Peart, Easton Lass. 20 ran. 
«. 41,1 W. 1 W. J Tree at Martoarough. 
Tote: £350: £ 1 . 10 . £200. £3.10. DF: 
£350. CSF: £958 

450 an 1. RHPALA LASS UlSDs. 7-1); 
2 Loch him (M Birch. 114W; 3. Ota 
Fto (T Ives, 4-1V ALSO RAN: 1 14 Cresta 


pth), 10 Libertm Brae Mtlt). 12 

Hoboumes Kale. C o m ma nder Meaden. 
20 Chonstars Dream. GtesHB PtekOth), 
Skykn. 25 Taytore Taytormade. 40 MoW- 
Woods Rule. Kely Undo. Swmberg. 14 
ran. *L hd, 154 154 a B McMahon at 
Tamworth. Tote: £290: £250, El. 10. 
£252 DF: £1552 CSF: £2558. Trtcest 

PtoMpob ES755. 

4.15 (1m): 1. PRESIDIUM {W Ryan 5- 
1)2. Cresta AucticofG Carter 154 FavV 
3. Dorset Cottage (B Rouse 20-1). Also 
ran: 54! FOuzOtn). BGeonle's DafiaM. 12 
Freedom's Ctem MthL 25 &Ma. 
Retbymno. 33 Dolylfth), Gtobous Moon. 
Marrti Harrier. 50 ctarances Hope. Mnd 
Die Tima. Mount Argus. Mr McGregor. 
Zrida'a Fancy. Angies Vrieo.17 Ran. Sh 
hd. a 3L sh hd. m H Cec4 at 
Ne w ml te t Tote: £280: £240, £120. 
£390: DF: E11.90.CSF: £1552 
4.45 (531. EASA (R Cochrane 12-1): 2 
Rfaabnra ( A dark 3-1 Fa*k 3. Loma 
Breeze ( P Cook 72V Abo ten: 7-2 
Feragris. 4 Gtemts Ort. 5 Last Recovery 
(5th). 12 Udte K« (4UA, Dewrateew Lady. 
19 Chenywood San (HiL2S Prince Mat 
1 0 ran. lfcL1W4UU.hd.M Tompkins at 
NewmartoL Tote: £28 60; £6.10. £120. 
£220; DF £154 50. CSF: £5322 
P le cepnb£7.60.M 

• Pearl Run’s 12 : feiigths vic- 
tory under John Williams in the 
Godiva Handicap at Warwick 
yesterday landed Gordon Price, 
the Leominster trainer, before 
the stewards. The cbesnuL who 
won his first two races of the 
season, partnered by Garry 
King, was always among the 
back markers when finishing 
12tb to Accuracy at Newbury 
with Eric Eklin's apprentice 
again in the saddle. 

The stewards enquired into 
the gelding's improved form 
and in addition to interviewing 
Price, also had both Williams 
and King before them. King said 
Pearl Run was badly hampered 
in the early stages at NEwbury 
and bad been unable to get into 
the race and, after hearing from 
Price that the gelding was much 
better suited by the Warwick 
■ track, the stewards accepted the 

Warwick Course specialists 

G 2(|^^i5ajjNi(0 (A Mackay. i*-ik 
2 Ttmsb B On! (W R SwWwm. 11-10 
tavl; 3 . Auburn Flutter (L Jones. 50-1). 

Saar sspsumg 

18 ran. NR: JowwortfL The Bp ortaiMn. 
«, W. 2SL hd. 4L E Bdn te ttoteitertg. 
Tote: £1620: £320. £1.10. S2230. DF5 
£27.90. CSF: £3123. 


RAN: 9-2 fav Artistic Changer (Btfil .5 
•aw And Bote (584. 6 Fair Attate. ilpTo 
Uncle. 12 Time Bod. 14 Ceroc. 
Chepetowaa. 2b Monstrue. My Oran. 
Winding Path. 33 WhHng Words. TTte 
Rupert Brack*. 17 ran. 1%L 

5bhd, 21. 1U. 31. R J WMmw _ 
Newn a ifcet TaMc H2.9K SM ft CT .7B, 
£3.70, £690. DF: £30820. CSF: £12895- 
TrcsSt S8 T .0B 1 

32 (2m 21 180yd) 1. PEARL RON U 
WAams. 7-1); 2 Seeker (J Low. W-lk ft 
ComrawfS Dawson. 10-1). ALSO FW* 3 
ftn Tern. 7 Cheka (5th). Flying Otteflf 
(4th), 11 Stem Qoud. « Jackdaw . 
Moraans CMwe. 16 Atacbonu Wkte 
25 Hot Betty mi). WM sun. 33 
MWni. 50 Wordsworth- IS ran. 19. JM. 
4i. nk. a. G Pn» a UramogiwTcte 

£9.10: £3.10, £350. MOJ OF: £9210. 
CSF: £9242 Those £899.99. 


TRAMERSe 1 Balding, 29 winner* hum 
121 rimers, 235%: 0 HRs. 21 from KM. 
202%: G Harwood. 14 (ram 72. 19 *%. 
JOCKEYS: Pel Eddery, 34 winners from 
1 13 rates. 285%: G Sarkey. 13 from 67. 
19.4%: T Qum. 6 from 37. 162%. 


TRAINERS: H Cecil 37 wtoners hum 71 
runner*. 521% M Prescott. 5 tram 25. 
20%: B McMahan. 10 from 69 145%. 
JOCKEYS: S Csuthen. 26 winners from 
144 rides. 19.1*5 WRSwHwttl 19 fttsn 
121. 15.7% S Whitworth, 7 from 52. 


TRAIISI9: R Annytsge. 4 winners hem 
14. 205% J GOftml iTfram 7S. 224%; J 
Jenkins. 11 from 09. 155%. 

JOCKEYS: R Rowe. 13 mraie m from 66 
rides. 19.7%; S Sherwood, 5 from 3ft 


TRAINERS: Mrs M Dickraon. 22 wMOM 
from70rumera3UVM H Eateaiby.18 
ham 72 26.4% A ScOtt. 15 from 60. 

JOCKEYS: R EfidHttew, 11 winner* from 
56 rates. 195%: R Lamb. 31 tram 194, 
165%: C GTB1L32 from 215. 145% 

Blinkered first time 

NOTTINGHAM: ftO Grate RM**, 
Strain. 45 Cel^ To Honor. Rim By Jow. 
BATH245 Potacroa.3.45 Btffikn, Rkm 
Stef. 5.15 Madera RaeL 

adds some 

By Richard Streeton 

EDGBASTON: Warwickshire (6 
pts) drew with Essex (7) 

An attractive, cultured in- 
nings by Dennis Amiss, who 
made the 97th century of his 
career, was the only significant 
event as this match ran ns 
course. Rain allowed only IS 
minutes play before lunch and 
prevented any chance of a 

There was little pressure on 
Amiss, whose biggest problems 
were probably the poor light and 
a bitterly cold wind which made 
conditions bleak and un- 
pleasant. He took foil advantage 
of some loose Essex bowling, 
particularly by Foster, and 
drove and hooked with perfect 

Amiss, who celebrated bis 
43rd birthday earlier this 
month, shared a fourth-wicket 
stand of 142 in 32 oven with the 
South African, McMillan, wbo 
was not bom when Amiss’s 
career began in I960. The 
former England opener reached 
three figures, without an error, 
after two-and-a-half horns, 
square-cutting Gooch for his 
1 4th four. His strokes also 
included a six against Acfidd 
over long on. 

McMillan completed his SO 
with a six over mid-wickei 
gainst Pringle. He also hit 10 
.juts before be misjudged a 
Gooch outswinger. With both 
bat and ball, McMillan has 
made an impressive first 
appearance in the champion- 

Earlier. Warwickshire made a 
slightly shaky start, losing three 
wickets as well as Dyer, who 
retired with an injured thumb 
iHai he bruised in practice. 

WARWICKSHIRE: Fktelrrtngs 271 for 8 
(tee (PA Smith 88) ■ 

SecoraJ tertngs 

T A Lloyd c East b Foster 22 

R f H 8 Dyer retrod hut 17 

G J Lord c Pringte b Foster 11 

D l Amiss not out 108 

IGWHumpagec Foster bUrar 22 

B M McMkanc Eb 
PA Smith not out 
Extras (te 3) — 

[b Gooch . 

Total f4wfcts) 

M unton 

Total (5 wtts rise) , 

N A Fetton b P J Hartisy 

J JE Hardy o Leva bCantck 
I V A Richards run out. 







Century confirms 
Radley’s wisdom 

G J Parsons. G C final, T A Munton and 

*N GMfoti dkl not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-38, 257. 3-SI. 4- 


BOWLING: Law 13-1-55-1; Fbsttr 15-2- 
75-2 Pringte 9-MM: Gooch 13-1-47-1; 
AcfMd 10S27-ft Banter 4-0-12-0. 
ESSEX: first Innings (B R Horde 81) 
UngMUK K J Lyons and B J Mayor. 
BowteM: Parsons 14-3-49-0; 
15-4-41-1. not 

By Simon Wilde 

LORD’S: Derbyshire with seven 

by Sharp 

TAUNTON: Yorkshire (19pts) 
beat Somerset (1J by Jive runs 

In a dramatic finish yes- 
terday. Yorkshire squeezed 
home against .Somerset, with 
Side bottom agd Peter Hartley . 
taking three wideets apiece after 
Roebuck and Hardy had fed the 
home side's challenge for. 
victory. . 

Yorkshire added rapidly to 
their overnight 235 for three 
against Somerset with Kevin 
Sharp- 42 not out overnight, 
leading the way as they readied 
302 for three in 1 1 1 overs. 

In chilly, overcast conditions 
on the slow, damp pitch. Sharp 
attacked from the start while 
Neil Hartley (eight not out) 
began carefully. Sharp straight 
drove the West Indian pace 
bowler. Gamer, for his fourth 
four to reach 50 in 1 16 ballsand 
raise the 250 in the 100th over. 

The pair added 98 in 27 overe 
before Sharp was dean bowled 
by Marks for a splendid 96 in a 
169 balls, with a six and nine 
fours. Hartley went for 31, dean 
bowled by Dredge. 

Yorkshire declared at 323 for 
five, with both sides forfeiting 
an innings which left Somerset 
requiring 324 to win in a 
minimum of 76 overs. By lunch 
Roebuck and Felton had taken 
them to 10 without loss in eight 

Sidebottom beat Roebuck a 
number of times after lunch 
while Felton resumed crisply 
against him and Graham 
Stevenson. He cut and glanced 
Sidebottom for two boundaries 
and when Hartley returned be 
repeated the treatment. 

Roebuck, meanwhile, im- 
proved with some firm strokes 
and when Phil Garrick came on. 
lifted him to the long-offbound- 
ary. At 63 in the 22nd over, 
Felton was bowled off his pads 
by Hartley for 29. Hardy, twice 
beaten by Hartley, cut Carrick 
for four then swung hhn to the 
long-on boundary as the total 
wem to 84 in 27 overs. 
Former Hampshire player 
Hardy dominated the second 
wicket partnership with Roe- 
buck and scored a fine 50 in 70 
balls with nine fours. At tea. 
with Roebuck on 47, Somerset 
were 143 for one and needed 
another 181 to win in a mini- 
mum of 34 overs. 

YORKSHIRE: FkatiraUngs 

MD Mown e Roebuck b Maria. 73 

A A Mmcaffe ran ou 55 

KShaipb Marks — ■ . — 96 

JDlovebOredg* .... - 48 

5 N Hartley b Dradge 31 

t D Bacstow nd OU! ' 4 

P Carrick notout 0 

Extng(b1.H>15.nb2) 18 

Slack cats loose on his way to scoring 96 for Middlesex yesterday (Photograph: Chris Coie) 

pulls a 
fast one 

By Iyo Tenaant 

TRENT BRIDGE: Hampshire 
(21 points) beat Nottingham- 
shire (five) by nine wickets. 

Gordon Greenidge set the 
pace for the fostest century of 
the season yesterday with an 
astonishing inning s of 118 in 
165 minutes. On what had 
hitherto been an awkward patch 
to bar on, he propelled Hamp- 
shire to a nine-wicket victory 
with the luxury of 10 overs to 

Greenidge's century was 
made in 89 minutes off 88 balls 
with nine fours and four sixes. 
He gave one chance in a display 
which was remarkable for both 
power and delicacy. A blud- 
geoned boundary, fol- 
lowed by the most felicitous late 
cut off middle stump. All 
bowlers, even Hadlee, came 
alike to him. 

Rice's declaration had admit- 
tedly been a more than fair one. 
Nottinghamshire, for whom 
Broad and Robinson made use- 
ful scores, left Hampshire to get 
206 to win in 95 minutes plus 20 
overs. The pitch had dried out 
and, although taking spin, was 
ofl ess assistance to the medhim- 

Greenidge gave them scant 
chance to make the ball swing. 
The shine soon went as Hadlee 
was booked for six in bis 
opening over and Cooper was 
despatched into Bridgeford 
Road. Lean days in the Carib- 
bean faded in the memory as a 
variety of cuts, drives and even 

a reverse sweep were executed to 


With Terry playing a vital 
supporting role, Greenidge’s 50 
came up in the thirteenth over 
and his hundred soon s after- 
wards. Terry completed his half- 
century after Greenidge was out 
and thereafter- comfortably 
steered Hampshire to victory. 
NOnWOHAMSHRE: Rr« Mnhg»265 (C 
E B Rica 7ft R T Robinson 8ft R J Maro4 
tar 71) 

Second Innings __ 

BC Broad not out. 

first-innings wickets in hand, are 
247 runs behind Middlesex. 

Clive Radley, batting almost 
four bows for 103 not out. and 
Will Slack, batting five hours for 
96, provided a reassuring sign of 
the return of another season 
yesterday. Both displayed their 
trenchant and singular styles in 
a partnership of 127 for the third 
wicket in 43 overs to take 
Middlesex to 306 for four 

The evergreen Radley is in his 
23rd year with Middlesex. He 
needed some persuasion to re- 
turn to county cricket this 
season instead of taking up a 
post in New Zealand. In the end 
be signed a three-ye ar contract 
and now mil have no regrets 
after a century in his first 1 
innin gs of the championship 
campaign. He brought up his 
100 with his seventh boundary; 
there were 13 threes in his 
innings which, ’ at almost 42 
years of age. he may not have 

Stalk, sphituaHy untouched 
by his descent into the night- 
mares of the West Indies, re- 
sumed where he had left off in 
Sri Lanka. He batted imperturb- 
ably and without error, occa- 
sionally unleashing a straight 
drive off the back foot strongly 
and productively. He seemed 

undeterred by the presence of 
Holding in the 
the pitch was bland and held no 

attack; after all 

evil. Holding looked just diffi- 
cult rather than dangerous 
though his reintroduction in 
mid-afternoon led to Newman 
changing ends and his first ball 
from the Pavilion end took out 
Slack’s middle stump. 

When Slack was out in the 
82nd over, Middlesex needed 83 
off 1 8 overs to reach their fourth 

batting bonus point Although 
Radley perked up with Butcher 
as bis partner, they fell 1 1 runs 
short but after the rain of recent 
weeks, they will be grateful for 
having played at aiL 
In fact, the sun shoiie brightly 
for most of the day and a 
reasonable crowd turned up, 
perhaps to see Gatting, wbo had 
shown by his a pp ro ach on 
Saturday that he, too, is back in 
business. Unfortuntely be was 
leg-before to Holding in the 
sixth over of the day. haying 
added only five to his overnight 
38. At 90 for two it was then 
necessary for Slade and Radley 
to pick up the pieces. 

Cowans opened with a lively 
spell and had both Anderson 
and Barnett leg-before. Hill was 
caught at the wicket off Ed- 
monds and. with Miller down 
with influenza. Derbyshire were 
looking anxiously towards the 
fbllowon target. - 

WDOtESEX: Flattening* 

GO Bartow bMHar r 16 

W N Seek b NeytmM 96 

*MWQotlinglbwb Kofcfing « 

CTRadteynotout— — 10? 

RO Butcher cAndareonbMortonsan 34 

Extras (bt.fc 5, nbB) 14 

Total (4 **ts dec, 100 own) — 306 
■fP R Dowrabn. J E Emburey, P H 
Edmonds. N F WHwae. N G Oomns and 
WW Daniel ted not bet. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-29. 250, 3-217. 4- 

BOWLING: Holdng 22-657-1: Mortonean 
2&4-6-63-1: Miler 9-3-34-1; N e wm a n 15- 
2-49-T:Riuiey1S5-45-0;W«ner 17-1-72- 

DERBYSMlfiFIfst tarings 
*K J Barnett Ibw b Cgwots — — 23 

I S Anderson taw b Cowan s < 


— 2 

Extras (nb 2) 2 

Total (3 wkts, 34 overs) S8 

+B Roberts, G Miler, P G Newman. M A 
Holding. A E Warner, O H Morteneen to 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-13. 241. 360. 
Umpires: A G T WNMiaad. J W Holder. 

A HI c Downlon b Edmonds 

J E.Morris not out 


Pace too hot for Sussex 

By Peter Marson 

Some splendid fast bowling 
by Paul Allott. who took seven 
wickets in the match, and 
Patrick Patterson, wbo took 
five, enabled Lancashire to 
score a resounding victory over 
Sassex at Hove yesterday. 

Sussex's position at the start 
of the day start had been 
parlous. They began what was 
plainly going to be a tedious, 
testing day 274 runs behind at 
157 for nine Following on, 
Sussex had moved on by 90 runs 
at the end of the morning’s play, 
but bad lost tbetr opening pair, 
Lenham and Green. 

Parker closed off one end for a 
time; but Lancashire continued 
to make steady progress. At tea 
Parker's gallant innings of 78 
was ended by Allott. and Sussex 
were on the slide once more.. 

Kent, too. had to come from 
behind against Leicestershire. 
At 73 for three, with Tavart and 
Christopher Cowdrey just in, 
they were 84 runs adrift. After 
90 minutes, by which time the 
score had edged forward to 126, 
Tavartand bowled. Gower now 
introduced the slow left-arm 
bowling of the former Kent 
player, Laurie Potter, and he 
obliged in his first over by 
having Cowdrey caught behind. 
Bui KenL were not finished yet, 
Cowdrey's younger brother, 
Graham, and Baptiste putting 
on 123 runs for the sixth wicket. 

In an attempt to achieve a 
result at Bristol, where no play 
bad been possible on the first 
day, Gloucestershire's captain, 
Graveney. declared at 83 for 
five, leaving Glamorgan sitting 
on a lead of 143. 

RTRobirwonc Partes bComor, 48 

D W RjtndM C R A Smftfl b Cowtey — 7 

X E B Rice e Marti b Cowtey 31 

P Johnson not out 17 

Extras (to 10) — 10 

Total (3 wkts date — 181 

JDBtoi.RJHadlS8.fBN French, EE 
Hamnrtigs,KE Cooper and J A Afford ted 
not bat 

FALL OF VBCKETfi 1-78. 2-97. >158. _ 
BOWUHfi Maishtei 7-MWk cww «- 
4-41-1; Tramtotl 8-2-194* Mam 17-3^0- 
Cowtey 10-1-29-2; CL Smith 14F6^L 

HAMPSHRE: First Innings 241 far S dsc 
(RAfinithSO.R J Parks 5ln 

4 tor 54) 


HAMP 5I a nc. Second tarings ■ 
[tab Hammings 

CG Greenidge c Hunter b I 

VPTeny notout — 

R A finite not out . 

Extras (b 2. to 2) 
Total (1 wM) 

. 74‘ 
_ 13 
__ 4 

C L Smtth, *M C J Nicholas. M D 
Marshal. NGCtewiey.TMTnmlstLtRJ 
Fvks.RJMteu.CJt Conner ted not bat 
FALL OF WrCXETS: 1-170. 

BOWLING: Hateee 5-0-13-3: CooperSO- 
33-0: Hammings 1 5.1-257-1; Rica 5-0-82- 
tt Afford ID-0%4-0. 

Umpires; R Jtfvi and D O-Ortaar. 


a Grand Prix 

Kirk Stevens, of, Canada, and 
the experienced' ^AuttralSn, Ed- 
die Chariton, had mixed re- 
actions to- tbeir ^ marathon 
second rounds match- in-foe 
world championship 

Embassy w 

at Sheffield „ .. 

won 13-12 after Charttbn had 
taken a 12-10 lead. 

Wbcrpas Stevens xpq$ceofhis 
own edginess a nd how- be had 

CWkon, been 

knocked out of the top 16 in the 
world rankings, talked -of the 
worldwide expansion of the 
game and the part was hoping 
to play in it - 

"I am 99 per cent sure that 
there will be a world ranking 
tournament in Australia next 
year and I would bike to sec all 
the players in it,” Chariton said. 
“It will be a lucrative tour- 
nament with half a million 

•By Sydney Fifekfe . ■ 

approach Was- understandably 


An -attempt to tuck ihe cue 
baH behmd'tbe, brown cost him 
four nrnnts Became be did not 
make comast, but with a superb 
shot, on a. red beseUumself up 
fot^vkuny which was achieved 
after a break of 53. ■ 

Wiffie Thorne? seeded No 11, 
Tea&e&th^qftaxittfc&aals with a 
victory - bWw " tfie^ Australian 
champion, Jofcn' ChmpbelL, by 
13 frames to nine.; Staniig;- foe 
day fO-6 ahead Thome put 
himself in a winning position at 
12-7, tut he had a lucky escape 
in the ei g hteenth frame when 
Campbeu/ with - a dearanoe 
break of 67. levelled the scores 
at 67-allj only to fose the frame 
on foe relpotfed-tiack. Camp- 
bell, however, .offered stubborn 
resistance -to reduce the lead to 
12-9 but Thome found' his 

dollars on offer as prize money. 
In feet, I would like to see a 
world Grand Prix series before I 

Chariton had some of his best 
moments yesterday when he 
levelled at 10-10. with breaks of 
64 and 37 and his shrewd tactics 
carried him into a hard-won 1 1- 
10 lead. If Stevens had been 
edgy his plight must have 
worsened with his unsuccessful 
attempt to level at 11-11. He 
potted the last red only to knock 
the pink into a pocket and 
finally toft this crucial ball over a 
pocket for Charlton. 

A break of 86 in foe next 
frame put Stevens on the road to 
recovery and having, in his own 
words, “strung a few breaks 
together," he drew level. He said 
be knew that foe last frame 
would be the hardest, so his 




UMTS STATES: Amartctat Ingot: Cteri- 
Lmxl Inctans S. Now York Yantaws 7; Toronto 
BW Jws 8.' Batenors Mates 0; Ortfomt* 
Angrtw ft triMSKta TWtes 7: Detroit Tlgm 

4. Cnicago Whtta Sox 1: Texas Rangers 6. 
iWwauSe Bnswrs ta Oakland A's l.Uaanta 
Mariners a Postponed Boston Rad So* v 


Houston Astros 6, Ondmati Rada 0; New 
Yortc Mats 5. St Loris Cartfnats 3; Chicago 
CriH 12. MantraN Expos Kh San Diego 
Padres 6. Ssn Frandsoo fiwtt *: Lo> 

SO?flSSr§iOiJ»NDAS£oSSlON: Hot 
dtetefaitSudon Bases 18. BariMon RaMars 
S crawtav dants 4. Cobham Yantaes 5: 
Bunas SomwB.4, Croydon auateys 13: 
BAU Spartm 14, Goidara fiaanSnc 11. 


Suray. 1.177; 2. f 

Susskc.I.IBD.1 ‘ 

. 1.18ft X 
1.N Watson. 

and if Matthews. JBwiay) : 

Twain (500 and GoiW f. R 

ijScWaw at Tags OKI 

RAF. 1555: 2. 

and 600yd) 1, Manydown RC. 941; 2 . 1 



P KemenH 

imlMtltaj. O Cpgte t^ixJ 

Bft415:2. M Thomhil 


8234 .0; . 






ST FEIBOBUNO, Rorlda: Sr'Psastaburg 

wbinl e te i iic: FM maadb (US usese 

5t8toftZ72 Pftarim 09. 67. 71.65.273: J 
Cries 68. G8. 67. BK 27B: J Cta Mr (AuS) 
6659. 73. 6ft 260:6 Barrett 74, 7a 65.71:8 
finhenron (Aw) 7ft 7U 70] TO. 281: A Beni 
7058. 71. 7tiLGa>tacz 7*0. 84, 76, 71; L 

rnmt E Burrin (US) M T Schewer-tanMn 
(D«a 6-1 . bS. DeuMes Itate 6 CeochH (M 
sid S Gten (Yuj^L GtttomeMer (Ftaru) 



MW C telt Mn nc ff u n ttertntemeHoOT 
Midi: Man Soviet Union twattaa United 
fiatM 29450- 281 JX 


SECOND DtVraON: Swtfleid Bribes 12. 


Pi le >d— PMdo g Hertfcxd _ 

SMtatted At 3®. PMffeii OMdan Rrogere 
Z WHINngm 1 (Ranger* win aanee 4^T 



(tend 14^1. A rtM 
Tlevdyan and Tk 

OMcnwsdd. wd 



BRITISH LEAGUE: BnBriwood.7 2 14, O tyro- 
nte Cannock 21: WNteflek) 17. Sritort 18. 
gwtange aaNEk Uiarari 21. Gannw 
Tornadoes 14. mm SUaguK Badtad 
Critega 7. Gannan Torradoes 28. Brtbk 


Wtaal Gtamnw School wo Unfc fttfish 

TomsdoasSI . Lu8«worthR»»lO, Bodfart 
Oritega 8. Lutterworth Foxae 15 

NEW TORIfc Hriknd . ^ , 

late* Oontarao ce. Boston Cetaa 
Attema HnM 91: (Boston Mad bast of aaeon 
aartaa 1-0): PriiadatotBa 76ara 134. MteahinB- 
ton.Bdteta lM(WOTdaiphte win B eat ot tae 
dwfjMte. Wa itatn Con tai n m. Los Anga- 
tea Lakan 130. tMtas Mwaad t a 116 (Loa 
Angdastead bastofsaean sartas. 1^. 



rtwmc lo ns hip s- Fkst rauaft 1. J 1 

Rroafe 2. TlS. Fanatic 3. B White. FfenMR 
4, M wadhama. Fanatic: 6, 3 Awy. UatraL 

POOLS FORECAST bv Paul Newman 

Saturday May 3 


2 Chatawv Liverpool 

1 Cove nt r y vQPH 

1 Everton v Soton 
XLaicestarv Newcastle 
XMan Cv Luton 

2 Oxtort v Nottm F 
IShen Wv Ipswich 
1 Tottenham* A Via 
1 Watford v Man U 
XWBAv West Ham 


1 BtaddxvnvGrtmsby 
XCvlWev Chariton 
1C Pataca v Short U 

2 Huddarsfld v Wknbiedon 

X Norwich v Leads 
1 0ldham * Futaam 
1 Portsrmh v Bradtord 
X Shrwstxy v Mkkflertxo 
1 Sundartand v Sioks 
Not on coupons: Hun v 
Brtghlon (piaytng Friday). 


‘ IBtackpooiv Newport 
2 Boumtanth v WataaS 

1 Bristol CvReadtag 

2 Bury v Brantford 
2 Cardiff v Lincoln 
XChestertieid vBottXi 
2 DarBngton v Plymouth 
1 Darby «r Doncaster' 

1 Gflflngham v Bristol R 
NotoncoiffMRs: Notts Go 
v R o t h artin: vtrigan _y 
Wolves; York v fimnsea. 


1 Aldershot* Preston 
ICwnto Uv Torquay ■ 

X Exeter * Crewe 
1 Mansfld v Petortxxo ' 

X Orient vBumiey 
.1 Port Vale v Nthamplon . 

1 Saxitaorpe v CheMar 

2 Wrexham * Stockport 

Not oa co taro na : Gri- 
chastar* tSfooot HaB- 
taxvSwtadon: Southend v 
Roctxtete; T taiun ara v 
Hereford- (all playing 
Friday). • 

1 Bamet vBatfr 
1 Enfieid v Scarborough 

.2 W on fcti tcna * Huncom 
.1 Weymouth y Barrow 
XOydebank v Aberdeen 
- 1 Dundee v Hearts 

1 Htawman v Dundee U 

2 St wren v GaNc .- . 


1 ttdrtevHamihon 

2 AUoa* Forfar 

1 FafcrkviEastWa 

. 1 KMwnockvAyt 

1 Morton- v Ctydo 

1 PartickvBrechta • 

2 Berwick v Arferoath 
Nor on "• coupons: 

Cptedaobaath StoitajE 

Maodowbank v 

Stanhousemuk: Quoen's 
.‘Parte v Strarvaar. RaHh v 
Albion; St Johnstone v 
Quote* of the South; S«r- 
■ng yDunfannKna. ■ 

TREBLE CHANCE: (Home ttamrt: Bir- 
rrinsFnm. La t c a a t ar. Manchester CVy, 
West Bromrich. CerfMe. Norwich, 
Stxwsbwy. Ctnstsrflaid. Exatsr. Orient 
CVdab ank. Momrosa. 

BEST DRAWS: Manctweter Cky. Cartsta. 
Chesterfield. Exeter, Montrose. 

AWAYS: UverpooL No tti ngti a ai Forest 
Wlntaiedoa Ctoe. ArtKoath. 

HOMES: Evenon, SheWatd-Vtaone a d ay . 
Crystal Palace. MNwaX'Oktam. 

S Pifa -Baraas 

City, Chesterfield. Exatar. - - 

■J2 JS 

323 PJ 

A Sdebottom. Q B Stevenson. P.J 
Harfiey. I G Swslow dd not taL 
FALL OF WICKETS 1-129. 2-151. 32ia 
4-316, 5-316. 

BOWUNB: Gamer 10-2-27-0: Botham 10- 
44041: Cdombs 31-39W): Dredge 25-7- 
642: Mario 38-990*2: RUantiM-11-0. 
Second tarings tertritad 
SOMERSET: First Inimge (orfakad 
Second manga 

PM RoabuckbPJ Hartley 60 

Worcs ▼ Surrey 


Worcestershtra (6 pta) draw with 
Surrey (6). 

WDRCC5TERSHIRE: Ffest tanfnga 231 (S 
J Rhodes 77 not out G Monfcftouaa 4 tor 

375 Second iniwigs 

TS Curts e Lynch bCJartS 0 

D B D'OtNeira D CtarKe ; — 4 

G A Hick c fWwrts 0 Oarto — 103 

ONPaWberbCtarka 39 

FI K Mngiuorin c Hicttarm b Clartea „ io 

"PA Norte c and bJesty 3 

M J Weston c Pww* b MonW»uso . 29 
,J Rhodes not out— , , 42 

JNewcortcMonkhowebPoCDck - 9 

NV Radford not out „0 

E«rae(bl.taianb4) 15 

jueics v Kent 


Leicestershire (6 pts) draw with Kent 

KBIT; First Innings 88 (J P Agnew 5 far 

Second knngs 

MR Benson taw bDe Freitas 39 

SGHMcse Potter b Da Frtitas 14 

CJTavanib Beniamin 33 

NR Taylor bCtfft 

Camb U y Nortbants 


tar 6 dec (R J Boyd-More 61. R J uaflay 
55. eowUNfi. Davtason 1 9-3-490: Scott 
28-7-7S4; BkSCXt 1^6-37-3; rsoldtan *. 
7-58-0. Gorman 3-0-22-0. 

_ Second innings 

Sussex v Lancashire 

Lancashire (34ptS) best Sussex 90 by 
ntaawtckata . . 

LANCASHIRE: RratlrmingB: 431 tar 4 dec 
(G Fowler 180. N H FaMxothar 84. j 
Abrahans 73 not ait S J O’Shaughnassy 

AN Jones not out 

Extras (b 9. lb 16. nbS) __ 

’CSCowtkBycGnbPotar 24 

SR Cowdrey b Da Fretes 59 

EAEBapttstacQN bDe Freitas 80 

R M BhscncGBI bAgnsw 0 

ISA Marsh notout 21 

Bfl Dllay c GUI b Agnaw 4 

DL Underwood b Agnew 0 

c Brown bEfeon 14 
not out , 


RJ Boy d Mo w not out. 

Extras (bl.taS) 

5^ Second tanfogs 

GRjwlerc Green b Jones 

— .0 


Extras (to 1) ^ 

Total f 1 “*«) ' 




FALL OFVflCkET: 1-4. 

TotBlEwkW— i .81 f 

FALLOFWCKETfi 1-13, 242 . . 

Tgj. BCWLWG; it Row 3-0-1 9-0: Jones 2-03- 

SUSSBE R re t taring s 

Total (8 wkts dec) . 




it Botham c Metcalfe bSMbooont -30 

B C Rosa o Bairstow b 

Sdebottom 18 

VJ Marks bSkk bottom 16 

J Gemer nm out 1 

C H Dredge c P J Hartfey b Carrick — 24 

T Gard b PJ Hartley 1 

fi VJCoomtonotout 4 

- .31 

A P Pridgaan OU not baL 
FAIL OF WICKETS 1-0. 2-18. 3-113, 4- 
134, &-159, 6-175, 7-227,9250. 
B0WUNG: Clarke 27-3893: Thomas 9- 
0-40-0: Monkhouaa 14-040-1; Jasty 133- 
59-1; POCOCk 5.43-10-1. 

SURREY: first innings 226 (A J Stewart 
1 52; NV Bedrid ‘ “ 

Extras (b 6. nb 14). 



53. A Neartam 52; 

owono imnm 

A R Butcher clirwworthb Weston — 71 
G S Cimon nm od 28 

a I Gtouail « Oartturt k UlaaiHa j 

n j «wwi c naorora o wsston »>. 4 

M A Lynch taw b Newport 22 

TEJasiy taw b Radford 18 

tC J Rktetads 

FALL OF WICKETfi 1-53, 2^9. 3-73. 4- 
128. 5-143, 9286. 7-270, 9280. 9-299. 
u a C ES r ueSHRC : Ffest Innings 242 (R A 
Oobb 74, J J Whitakar57; E A EBtff«su4 
for 58). 


CAMBRDGE UNWERSTm first krengs 

□w Drowns taw bMsesndar 0 

DJ Frit run out 40 

P A C Ben b Capri — ; : 0 

NG-B Cook b W8d 80 


NJ Lenham bPatterson 

AM Green cMsynardb Alott 

■D GPricacNG-B Cook b Witt 
SR Gorman taw b Griffiths 

PWG Parker b I 

CM Wees cFowlarb Patterson 
A P Write c Maynanl b Mriricon 

J J WMakar b atton , 
L Potter notout 

Extras fib 2} 
Total flwttj. 

A K GriAn IbwJ: NGB Cook 11 

tAD Browne Briley b wad 0 

CCBtaonbW8d-_ ; 0 

AM G Scott notout «=_ 

JG Davidson taw bMd . 

Extras fib 8, w 2. nb 2). 

-.11 . 

_ 7 
- 5 

, 15 

JRTBandaycO'SftaughnessybABott 4 
JGoiJdc Abrahams fiktatansou- 32 



GSieRouxbAJiott . 
DA Reese not ote . 

. 4 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-48.2-39. 3-112?4- 
12B.5-1B9, 6-1907-347, 3268. 9372710- 
293. . ■ 

BOWUN45T Patterson 193324; ABdtt 20- 

4342; Makmsorr 13-1-48-1; WKkmaon 
26.1-5-90-5; 0*Shawflhnassy 
Umpfeoa: 0 J ConstantaddR Pukner. ' 

Gloncs v Glamorgan 

• • .- ATBmsro. 1 ' • 

. GkxicBEtBrthkB (3btB) drat idh 

GLAMORGAN: F»at Jr)ning8226iY<^rfi& 
/VmwJB4;B3fabr«!)e^ tor B5) - 
. Secaodlaning» 

JAHofMnstawbUrtretfea 0 

A L Jones not out 20 

HMorriseCiBmb'.uwnnra-^bw. 0 

G.CHolmosnblout l. 


AN Janas cMaforaonbAHoti: 

Extras (Ib5.nb 6) 

Taw (54 overe) 

. ToW (2 wtitt) . 




b Newport 

A Needham taw b Rartod 

DJ Thomas c Htek b Newport 
G Monkhousa notout . 

Extras (b 5. lb a. ito 18) 

Total 4318 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-83. 9-185. 3-195.4- 
234. 9257, 8381 . 7382, 8296, 9300. 10- 

BOWUNG SWetxfflom 349-71-3: P J 
Hartley 20-1-903; Carrick 11-0«-2; 
Stavanaon 132-4&0: Swaflow 7-031-0. 
Umpkax B DudMon and A A Jones. 

S T Ctarite taw b Newp ort 
■P J Pocock not out .. 

Extras (b2. to 14. no 2) 

Total [Oirtiti) 

FALL OF WICXETB: 1-88, 2-107, 3-108,4- 
148, 5-171, 6-172, 7-200, 9220.9328. 
BOWLING- RAdfard 14-232-2: Newport 
1Z1-2-68-4; P>W 93390; Pridgaon 18- 
v*30i Weston 7-0292. 

Umbrae: J A Jameson and NT Plewg. 

! P Butcher, R A Cobb. TJ Boon. PBCWL 


newendlPGididitotbeL - 


BOWLING: Ditey 3333; Brian 1-1-31. 
ttaipfreK H D Bfed end B Leedbeeter. 

FAU. OF WfCKETS: W, 338. 338. 432. 
384. 3137 7-137 31373137. 13150. 
BOWUNfi MaBander 129331: GrtWw 
17-355-1; NGB Cook 21-14-131; Cam 
id 834- 

17-3531; NGB Cook 21-14-131; Cm* Second tartnos 

109-132: Wtenc 137-123: WM N J Lenham bA*Ott™_~ 

4-4. A M fiaan c W at kk ao n b Pa 

Umpkas J Bfekanshaw and H j Rhodes. 

FAU. OF WICKETS: 1-4.238.347. 49B. 
362. 369, 7-108, 3148. 3155. 1316Q. 
BOWLING: Patterson 132933: MOU17- 
Mafdnsan 11-4334 WMonon 

A M fisen c Waddmon b Paaeraoh 
P w G Patter b Aitott 

8CHQOL8 RESULTS: ’Cubcrt 48 lizaan 3 
!fl. kriOT ta 54-j.: DiJdlnrt RGS iMdac, 
ntedon GS 9ft - I teb s ra tin ' Ariwri. 

1279 dec. Forest 819: MCC 12S. 
Jtoer.ljgri: ‘ Mrirhtane G8 1238 dec: 

S?*** 2* •Mwchant Taytore 1 . 
CTOrty 80. tong Edwd W, lythunll-1; 
ES* flic. "FramHnrian 1744; -Si 
Giaa 149, -The Lays St; St John's. 

3SSSSg2?» IS. 7 ®; 


CMWals cCrShaughnewy b WaMraon 

APUtabcVaravb Patterson .10 

D KBtareflng b Iradnaan 5 

■J R T BareSyttre b Maldnson 26 

J Gould c aarngpumt fa mdknapn 

□A Remo O'Shaughneaey bWMMnon ■ 

FALL OrvyraETS: 1-4.23 
B0WUN& Lawrence- 6<W*fiateir2JJ- 



K M Ctxran not odt 
J- W Lloyds not ow 

I JSxkBb (b4, w 5. nbl) 

Total (Stektadac. Bloated -jb 

DvS^-^bS^’ ® A . *5 

glXW mXEtSi 198,^48. 89a. I 

umifir^ d r 8||egtteiitand 

rhythm asam and ran through 
the . match wifo. * clearance 
break of 64. - ■ - 

CUff Thorbom, -of- Canada, 
who bad fed £ngene Hughes 5-3 
at the start of ihe day, extended 
his lead to 10-6/ having made a 
superb clearance 'break of 83 in 
the ISth frame: ' 

Tony Knowles, who was 5-2 
behind SDvino FranciSco. of 
South Africa, went ftufoer be- 
hind by losing the first frame of 
foe afternoon, but came back to 

SCORBfc Second MM* KStavsns (Cart) 
U E Chariton (AusL 13-12(3366. 31-59. 
62-35, 64-51. «4«. 5298. 87-14. .3894, 
74-50. 5361. 2594, 937, 9325. 3378. 
65-35, 6313 99a 67-21. 5361. 1-102. 
3360. 46-58. 869; 81-37. 71-12). W 

127-0. 93-40. 86-24, 997. 7360. 67-14. 
831. 53-63. 4370. 6594, 1374, 7497. 
101-18.4696. 31-8U 



■ >. 



' W; 




:,T :: t: 

- - — » 


Sw \ 

■i r t0f) L 

4 s«s 



s television and radio progranunes 

Edited by Peter 
and Peter Davalit 

uq rwri m 

6-SO nr — k fa ^Ttoawtth Frank 

6.15 Good 

Wesdher at 630.7.25. 

7.55, 12S and &£%* ' 

SMtnHflCBt &J7, 7J7. 

'7A7«nd 8a7i national and 
Wjnwginal news at 7.00, 
7 JO, 8J5ML30 and 94)0^ 
review of the morning 
newspapers at M7.WUS, 
junior and adult advice 
Mney Aian TT tehma r s h's 
gartering hints; and a , 

. Diamond end Henry Kelly. 
Exercises at 6.25; news 
with Gordon Honeycombs 
7.00, 7.30, 8J», 
6J0 and 940: Sport at 
MO and 7.45; cartoon at 

JentBametfs postbag at 
8.40; a cflseussion on 

this, for listeners more man for 
viewers. Of the tew 
worthwhile television 
programmes, pride of place 
must go to the final episode of 


The Goode tOtcheo. The 

: ss'^sfijsssr 1 " 

prepares economical 
:: meateJrJW SCeefax - 
: .TOC30 Rev School, frt • 

•is lew 

: : ; ■ 
1060 World Snookor.Davtd 

Ida* Introduces quaterfinal 
action in the Embassy 
-World Professional ’ 

- ■ - -• ‘ 

. Crocfljie Theatre. 

- Sheffield.' 

1230 News Alter Noon with 
■ ~~Richarri Whitmore and 

Frances Coverdate, 

: includes news headlines 
. - -with subtitles 1235 
Regbral news. The 
1 - SS^wdatals come team 

1*0 Pebble M» at On*. In the ■ 
: .-i : second of his reports from 
the Cognac Fflm Festival,- 
•! ■ Paul Coia interviews-. 

. . Robert Mltchum; with ' 

: - .newsuf ether stars te 
" • ' Heath w Couper; and 

Sytva Bishop gives advice 
-onxtog behaviour In cars. 
135 Mop and SmW.'fr) 
2M World Snooker. More 
: Quarterfinal action from 
■' tneCrudbte Theatre, 

■ Sheffield, introduced by 

- David tcfceSLOOCeefax 
.332 Regional news. 

155 The Aiming Adventures 

of Morph, presented by _ 

Tony Hart (ri 4JM Pigeon 
Street (ri 4.10 Laratfand 
Hardy. Cartoon. 4.15. 

Jonny Briggs. Part seven 

of the l3-aptsode drama ' 

serial (i) 430 UftOffl with 

Su Pollard and Craig 

SJQO JotaCraventa • 

Newarountf 535 Seavlaw. 
Comedy series abbot a 
* - tamfly-run seaside- 
board ing hou se (r) 

&35~ New iiwmd CNner 
Pandas in PedL John 

- Craven reports on the jo&tt 
effort by me World WHdiie 
Fund and the Chinese 

425 Thames news heedflnes. 

930 For Schools: describkibg 
actions using a verbs. For 
the hearing impaired. SL50 
The natural history of a 
pond 10.09 Milking time oo 
' the farm; and dairy 
. products 1038 Biology: 
photosynthesis 10.48 
Different methods of flying 
used by animals 
Springtime tasks on a fain 
1l37T_hrtng with eight- 

Pandas in Peril; Newsromd 
China, on BBC 1, 535pm 

chronicle IdMAT (BBC2, 
9.00pm). and to what I have 
always considered to be one of 
Ho&ywood's noblest 
“weepies” JUieryyn Leroy’s 
(Channel 4,9.00pm). Best of the 
(BBC 1 . 535pm). from the 
wewsrouridstabie.ft is John 
Craven's no-nonsense reporting 
skill, as much as anything 
else, that has given this long- 
running documentary series 
an appeal that extends far 
beyond the children’s 
aixfience for which ft is primary 
intended. Tonight's report, 
which reveals what China. 

natural home of the panda, is 
doing to ensure its survival 4s 
woefully short on running 
time ( 25 minutes). but so 

Craven) Is It, and so poetically 
photographed ( by Steve 
Morris), that I cannot quarrel with 
fti&o Times making a front- 
cover fuss of itThefilm 

cover fuss of it-Thehlm 
fllustrates how capricious 
Mother Nature can be,ki making 
bam boo greenery the 
panda's main diet. though its food 
value Is miniscule. Man has 
now come up with an alternative 
as pleasing to Scots as to 
pandas. Porridge. 

•Dominating tonight’s radio 
is David Luke's eloquent new 
translation of Goethe's 
7.30pm), directed by John 

Theocharis without recourse to 
any glngering-up apart from 
Christos Prttas's sensitive music 
and the odd wave or two 
breaking on the Crimean 
beaches.1 have always 
thought that Maureen O'Brien 
(who plays Iphtgenia) was 
blessed with one of radio's best 
voices, but it needed this play 
to remind me how vibrant an 
actress she is, too.. Also 
recommended: Sheridan Money's 
encounter with that fine 
song smith Stephan Sondheim 
(Radio 2. 9.25pm), and 
episode 1 of a faithful radio 
dramatization (by Rene 
Basiftco) of The Spy Who Came 
m from ihe Cofd, wrth Colin 
Blakely in fine form as the 
rundown hero. You can 
almost smell the booze on his 
breath (Radio 4. 6.30pm). 

Peter Davalle. 

6-55 Open University: Science - 
Elements Discovered. 

Radio 4 

bifida sufferer 11 A4 
EngBsh: episode one of .. 
toy. a drama by Jan Marie. 

12400 Cocfcleshefl Bay. Seaside 
.. adventures of the Cockle 
twins 12.10 Rainbow. 

. Learning made fun with 
puppets (r) 1230 The 
Suffivan*. Drama serial 
about an Australian family 
during the Forties. - . . 

1-00 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 130 Thames news 
130 Fifty/Fifty. Carol and 
Syd investigate a murder 
• to a museum. 

230 Hindsight In this first of a 
pew series Christian 

Dymond looks at 15, 

of National Service. & it 
• needed today? General Sir 
John Hackstt, Ned Sherrtn 
and Leslie Thomas give 
their views. ■ 

330 University Challenge. 
University of Edinburgh v 

Cambridge. 335 Thames 
news headlines 330 The 

Young Doctors. Medical 

drama serial set si a large 
Australian city hospital. 
430 CocktesheU Bay. A repeat 

of the programme shown 
at noon 4.10 The 

government to save the 

530 News with Sue Lawtey and 
“ Wcholas Wltehen. : *- 
, Weather. 

835 London Plus. 

730 Holiday, introduced by 

at noon 4.10 The 
. Blunders. Cartoon series 
' narrated by Frankie 
Howard 430 Sooty, 
presented by Matthew 
Corbett 435 Woody 
Woodpecker. Cartoon 
445 Splash. Magazine 
programme for chad ran. 
15 S.WJLUC A six-episode 
story about a young 
teenage girl and her 
. dependence on a 

Elements Discovered. 
Ends at 730. 

930 Ceefax. 

935 Daytime on Two; teaming 
to ski in Austria 932 

Fibres -natural and 
synthetic 1 (LI 5 The 
second of a two-part play 
about two teenagers 
experiencing then first 
serious relationship 1038 
Severe drought in north- 
east Brazfl 1130 Inside 
different types of houses 

11.17 Microelectronics - 
counting and remembering 
1232 Problems for 1 0- to 
12-year olds 

1237 Ceefax. 

1230 World Snooker. David 
leke Introduces further 
coverage of quarterfinal 
action ft the Embassy 
World Professional 

230 Daytime on Two: for four- 
and five-year olds 2.15 
The world's grasslands 
240 Sex education. 

330 World Snooker. 
Quarterfinal action 
Inducting the match 
between Steve Davis and 
Jimmy White. The 
commentators are Ted 
Lowe, Jack Kamehm and 
Clive Everton. 

6.00 Whistle Test The first of a 
new series. Live in the 
studio are The Pet Shop 
Boys and We've Got a 
Fuzzbox and We're Gonna 
Use It Andy Kershaw 
reports from Texas on ZZ 
Top; Mark Ben 
investigates the cassette 

2.15 Their Lordship*' House. A 
repeat of last night’s 
highlights of the day's 
proceedings in the House 
of Lords. 

230 Ulster Landscape*. The 
shapes and forms made 
by tne passage of ice In 
Ulster, (ri 

330 Fine UplnMabeTe Room* 
(1944) starring Dennis 
O'Keefe. A fast-moving 
farce about a newty- 
mamed man and his 
attempts to retrieve on 
undergarment from an old 
flame. Directed by Alfa) 

430 Cartoon. The 

incomparable Mr Magoo m 
Bwana Magoo. 

430 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner is challenged by 
David Whits from Enfield. 

530 Bewitched. Samantha's 
Identical twin, a flower- 
power person, is arrested 
at a lova-in. Her picture 
appears inb the national 
press and Larry Tate, 
convinced it is Samantha, 
tells Darrin that it might 
lose them an account 

530 PaintabUty- Decorating 
with a Diffe r ence. The 
penultimate programme of 
the do-ri-yourseff 
decorating series. There is 
a demonstration of 
graining; Ideas on painting 
tne floor; and visits to 
Ostartey Park House and 

On long wave. VHF variations at end 
of RadSo4. 

535 Shipping 6.00 News Briefing; 
Weather 6.10 Farming 

dramatization. Episode 1 
7.00 &£ 

630 Today, ind 630, 730, 

630 News 845 Business 
News 635, 736 weather. 
730, 630 News 730 
Letters 735, 635 Sport 745 
Thought for the Day B35 
Yaswdayki Parfiwnent637 
Weatear Travel 
830 News 935 Tuesday CNb 
01-580 4411. Listeners 

can question experts about a 
subject of current 

1030 News; FTOm Our Own 
Correspondent Life and 
poWcs abroad, reported by 

BBC foreign 

1030 Momma Story: Say 
Cheese! by Michael A. 
Pearson. Reader: Timothy 

7.00 News 
735 The Archers 
730 File On 4. 

8J90 Medkane New (Geoff 

630 The Tuesday Feature: 

The Emperor in Bath. 

How the people of Bath 
came to terms with 
having KaUe Selassie set up 
his court on the outskirts 
of their city in 1936. 

930 In touch. For people with 
a visual handicap- 
930 A Sideways Look At— 
by Anthony Smith. New 

94S Kal eido scope. With 
Natalie Wheen. Includes 
comment on the ENO 
production of Dr Faust at 
the Coliseum. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: Mr 
WakefiekTs Crusade (7L 

Read by John 
Rowe-1039 W 

Syon House. (Oracle) 
Marco Polo. Episode f 

counterfeiting racket; and 
Cactus World News 
perform at the Town and 
. Country Club, Kentish 
Town. ^ 

630 World Snooker. David 
Vine introduces highfights 
of this afternoon's 
quarterfinal action. 

730 O'Donnell Investigates 
the Food Business. The 
last programme of Dr 
Michael O’Donnell's series 
and he examines how the 

magazine's agony aunt' 

— - Starring Nicola and Gerry 

Cowper, and PruneHa 

545 News wfth Carol Barnes. 
6.00 Thames news 

- 63S- Reporting London. Angela 

Lambert reports on the 
* plight of Holloway Jail 
ffimates; and Lindsay 
Chariton talks to the 
person with a £250 mllBon 
London office block. 

730 Em merdale Fawn. Alan 
• TurrierdteKWors that he" 

has more enemies than 

730 Doty Free. Comedy series 
about two British couples 
on holiday to Spain, (o 

Holiday, introduced by 
Off M@wknore. John 

Carter reports on what 
London has to offer the 

visitor, and Anne Gregg 
— sampiee-the delights of 

730 EastEnders. Nick Cotton 
arrives back in the Square, 
but only is mother seems 
pleased at Ms return. 

0400 Work! shookar. David 
. Vine introduces the action 
'from the Crucible Theatre, 

— viewera’Tetnratotha 


930 NawawMiAdtaSomandle 
and John Humphry*. 

930 The Kanny Everett 

— Television Show. More 
zany comedy from the 
I nn ovative hinny man. (r) 

1030 lOamf Vice. Crockett and 
Tubbs are searching for a 
. mother and her baby on 
the run from a violent 
' husband and the Mob. 

1030 BMwatchUvefrom 

'Florida. Tony Soper. 00“ 

SantoeL an island on the 
Gulf Coast hopes to see, 
among others, yellow- 
crowned night herons, 
black-necked stilts, 
roseate spoonbSs and 

food industry defends its 
interests in Whitehall. 

interests in Whitehall 
830 Harty Goes to~ Yorkshire. 
■' Russell visits the Settle 
Carnival; the RBtoiehead 
Viaduct; and meets 

Michael Parkinson, (ri 
830 Top Gear. Chris Goffey 
irwestigatee the speedy 
Top-you-up' servicing 
outlets that are a part of 

830 Magnuni. The private 
detective heto a young 
American to mid Ns 
Vietnam veteran tether. 
930 Lord Mountbatten: The 
- -- Last Viceroy. The third 
and Ante part of the 
. dramatized mini series 

630 Marco Pote. Episode four 
of the series about the 
adventures of the 
celebrated explorer. 

730 Channel Four news, with 
Peter Sissons and Alastair 
Stewart includes a report 
from Anne Perkins in 
Rydale, North Yorkshire, 
on the issues at stake in 
the forthcoming by- 

730 Comment Wrth her views 
on a topical matter is 
Journalist Jenny Richards. 

830 Brookslde. Sheila has an 
idea as to the identity of 
the sender of the 
threatening letter. 

830 4 What It's Worth. John 
Stoneborough meets 
' some young people who 
have tost afl their money in 
a search for somewhere to 
live; BiH Breckon 

10415 Duy Service (New Every 
Momirw, page 1S52) (s) 

1130 News; Travel; Thfrty- 
Minute Theatre. Just 

Impediment, by Tony 
Whittaker. The story of a 
Protestant-CathoSc marriage 
ceremony .Cast Includes 
Seen Derbyshire and John 

1133 The Living world (s) 

1230 News; You and Youre. 
Consumer progra mm e 

with Pattis CoiaweH 
1237 Brain of Britain 1986. 

First round: West (sL 
1235 Weather; Travel 
130 The World at One: News 
140 .The Archers. 135 

230 NewKvSoman'sHour. 
Maureen Lipman reads 
part one of her own book. 
How was it for you?. 

330 News; The Afternoon - 
Play. The Maid's Room 
by Shelagti Fraser. With 
Carole Boyd as the 
Fffipino trying to cope with 
London ffe(s) 

430 News 

435 The Local Network. Paul 
Hainey, with the help of 
local radio stations, looks at 
nuctear energy. 

430 Kaleidoscope. Last 
night's edition, repeated. 

530 PM: News magazine. 

530 Shipping Forecast 
535 Weather 

630 News; Financial Report 

1030 The World Tonight 
11.15 The Financial World 

11.15 The Financial World 

1130 Today in Parliament 
1230 News; Weather. 1233 

VHF(avaUable in England and S 
Wakes only) as above except: 535- 
630am weather; Travel. 11.00- 
1230 Fbr Schools. 135-330pm 
FOr Schools 530-535 PM 
(confined). 11 .30- 12.10am Open 
University: 1130 Open Forum: 
1130 Meaning to ModeL 1230- 
1.10 Schools Night-Time 

and Frantz. P»no ore 
10.00 Violin and Pfeno: Nigai 
Kennedy atto Peter 
Pettlnger. Messiaen fThame 
and Variations). Elgar 
(Sonata in E mmor, op o*#. 

Sarasate (Fantasy on 


1030 BBC Singers at AiwtdeL 

works by GesuaUo. 

Byrd. Victoria, Weefcess, 

Bruckner and Vlfla-Lobos 

1135 Chamber Orchestra of 
Europe (under 
Vegti),with Geor^ Malcolm 
(piano) and Andres Schm 
(piano). Beethoven (Grosse 
Fuge. Op 133). Mozart 
(Concerto in E flat, K 365). 
Haydn (Symphony No 
1D2). 130 News 

135 Shostakovich and 
Borodin Quartets: 

FitzwilHam String Quartet 
Shostakovich (Quartet m 
No 1). Borodin (Quartet No 2) 

136 Guitar Encores: Timothy 
Waster plays works by 
Bach, arranged by 
Walker, Reginald Smith, 

Walker nimsetf (African Light 
Suite) and his 

arrangement of Beethoven's 
Variations on a Swiss air 
235 Mozart and Mahler 
Frankfurt Radio SO 
(under lnbal),wkh Rudolf 
Buchbmder (piano). 

Mozart (Plano Concerto No 
21). and Mahler 
(Symphony No 1). 

430 Gerald Robbins: piano 
recital. Beethoven 
(Sonata m G. Op 79). 
Schubert (Sonata in B 
fiat D 960). 435 News 
530 Mainly for Pleasure: 
recorded music 
selection .presented by 
Jeremy Siepmann 
630 Music in 14th century 
Engiand:(3) An 
Architectonic Liturgy. With 
HUliard Ensemble and 
Musics Sacra RedJvtva 
730 Sibelius: Moscow Radio 
SO (under 

Rozhdestvensky)play the 
Symphony No 6 
730 Iphfgenia m Taurus: 

Maureen O'Brien and 
Anton Lesser co-star in 
David Luke's translation 

i News on the hour (84npoii M 

, 9,00 VHF only). HeatsmesS^Ot 
630 pm, 730 and 8-3Q- Sports 
Detits 135 pm, 232. 3. 0^432. 
535, 632, B-45 (ml ortyV, 936. 
Cocker Scoreboard 7-30 pm. 

(S) 930 Ken Bruce (s) 1130 
jmmy Yourg ind medical advice . 
horn Dr Bill Dolman (s) 135 pm 
{grid Jacobs 

Hunmford Ind. at330.Prhne 
Time 330 David Hamilton (a) 535 
John Dunn (S) from BrisroiVoo 
Sb°|Sti»K Pr««r^.-te)730 
emw soeciaL Second -half 

Cup match agtiMtHotond"^ 

, Eindhoven (5)930 Song by Song 
by Sondheim [new senes] 

Haven't A Clue. PantiW»w*« 


presents Round MWngit 
1 -° 0 ainCharies Nove presents 

Nlqhtnda.330 A Little Night 
music. Until 430. 

Nigraraajww « "v 

music. Until 430. 

C Radio T 

On medium wave. VHP 
variations at end of Radio i. 

News on the haft hour from 630 
am until 930 pm and at 123 

1230 pm Newsbeat (Frank 

Partridge) 12-45 Gary Davies (Top 
40 singles chart) 3-OOStsve 
Wright 530 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge] 535 Bruno Brookes 
(ind at630 Top 40 singles chart) 

S id 

* ■ 


730 Janice Long (ind John 
Walter's Diary) 1030-12304 
Peel (s) VHF RADIOS 182:- 


of the drama by Johann 
Wotfqanq von Goethe. 

Radio 3 

630 The Sw Who Came In 
From The Cold (s) bv 

From Tne Cdd (s) by . 
John le Carre. Six part 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 
end of Radio 3 listings 

635 Weather. 730 News 
735 Morning Concert Sfeebs 

(Karelia overture), 

Chopin (Fantasy on PoBsh 
airs: Diehter. piano). 

Ravel (Pavane pour une 
infante dafunte), Haydn 
(Symphony No 87). B30 

636 Morning 
(Green Bushes), 
Koriraok^VioIln Concerto 
In OPerlman is the soloist), 
Bax (Symphonic Poem 
The ta» the pine-trees 
knew). 930 News 

935 This Week's Composer 
Schubert Urn 
Mittemacht Abentffled ter 
die Entfemte: Aufder 
Brock (Ruud van der 
Meer .baritone). 
Divertissement a la 
hongroise: Eschenbach 

Wolfgang von Goethe. 

Music by Christos 
Pittas. played by London 
Chamber Orchestra 

930 ISO concert (with Lukas 
Foss conducting), and 
Jack Bremer (clarinet}, John 
Ogdon (piano), and 
Ransom Wilson (flute). Part 
one. Copland (Fanfare 
for the Common Man), 
Bernstein (Prelude, 

Fugue and Riffs). Gershwin 
(Rhapsody in Blue). 
Bernstein suite :On the 

10.10 I Wonder if Grossmith: 

Peter Pratt plays 
Grossmith in Carole Rosen's 
theatrical reminiscence. 

1030 Concert: part two. 

Bernstein (Halil). 

Stravinsky (Firebird suite, 

191 9 version) 

1135 Another World: 

4.00amAs Radio 2 7.30Bob 
Hoiness Presents... 935Song 
by Song by Sondheim (s). Stephen 
Sonde hern talks to Sheridan 
Money 935 Sports Desk 1030 As 
Radio 1 12.00-430 smAs Radio 
2 . 


&00 Newsoesk &30 Counterpart 730 
News 739 Twenty-Ftxr Hours 730 
Bento the Credits 7M Network UK 830 
News 839 Reflections 8.15 Trading for 
Tomorrow BJ0 Opera by Instalments 930 
News 939 Review of the British Press 
9.15 The World Today 030 financial 
News 040 Look ahead 045 What's New 
1030 News 1031 Discovery 114» News 
1133 News About Brtesi 11.15 Wave- 
guide 1135 Letter from Scotland 1130 
Sports international 124)0 Redo News- 
< reel 12.15 A J Ayer - 50 Yean a 
Pndosopher 1245 Sporte Roundup 130 
News 139 Twenty-Fow Hours 130 

Network UK 145 Recordhig ofthe Mtoak 
2.00 Outlook 245 David Munrow 84)0 

2.00 Outlook 245 David Munrow 830 
Redto Newsreel 8.15 A Jofly Good Show 

430 News 439 Commentary 4.15 Omni- 
bus 545 Sports Roundup 745 Report on — 
ReSrton 830 News 539 Twenty-Four 

ReBglbn 830 News 839 Twenty-Four 
Hours 530 Omribus 930 News 931 The 
Onana 9.10 Book Choice 9.15 Concert 

Japanese sonm. ancient 
and medieval. Sung by the 
priests of the Todaiji 
Temple. Nara 

11.57 News. 12.00 Closedown 
VHFonlyzOpen University 
.From 6.35am to 8.55- Modernism 
and the art market 

Hal 104)0 News 1039 The world Today 
10-25 A Latter from Scotland 1030 

1025 A Letter from Scotland 1030 
financial News 1040 Reflections 1045 

Sports Roundup 1130 News 11JB Com- 
mentary 11.15 The Classic Albums 1130 
A J Ayer - 50 Years a Phtosopner 1230 
News 12.09 News About Britain 12.15 
Radio Newsreel 1230 Omntos 130 
News 131 Outlook 130 Report on 
Rengion 1.45 Country Style 230 News 
239 Review of the British Press 2.15 
Guitar interlude 230 Pride end Prejudice 
330 News 339 News About Britan 3.15 
The World Today 445 financial News 

Radio 2 

On medum wave. VHF 
variations at and of Ratfio 1 

The world Today 445 Financial nows 
435 Reflections 5.00 News 539 Twenty- 
Four Hows 545 The World Today. AM 
times m GUT. 

FREQUENCIES; Radio lM053kHz/285m;1089kHz/27^ Radio 2: 693kHz/433m: 909kH/433m; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247m: VHF -90-" 
B2J5: Radio 4: 200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-95; LflC; 1152kHz/261m; VHF 97.3; Capital: 1548kHz/ 194m: VHF 95 J; BBC Radio London 

everyday motoring Mte to 
the United States and look 

to bxfe's Independenoe. 
-Starring Nicoi WHiianison 

11.15 ran 88 introduced by 
Michaaf Parkinson. There 
are reviews of Jewel of the 
Mte and the Lewand of 
Bilfie Jean; anda report on 
the current state of the 
video industry. 

1145 Weather. 

Starring NicolWiiiamsorr 

and Janet Suzman. 
lOJOiO News at Ten with Atestafr 
Burnet and Sandy GalL 
Weather, followed by 
Thames news headlines, 
1030 Lord Mountbatten: The 
Last Viceroy- continued. 
11J0 FBm: Account Rendered* 
(1957) starring Griffith 
Jones and Honor 
Hackman. Murder 
mystery about the death of 
a beautiful woman n 
• ' which the four prime 

suspects alt have 
watertight alibis. With 
Ewan Solon and Ursula 
Howetfs. Directed by Peter 
Graham ScotL 
1i35 Night Thought*. 

set to make a successful 
Invasion of the British 
garage trade; WHIiam 
WooHard tries the kart 
track where future Grand 
Prix champions are 
trained; and Sue Baker 
discovers what makes a 
car a ctesslc. 

9.00 HeimaL The final episode. 
It is 1982 aid a storm 
interrupts Maria's funeral. 
Starring Marita Brsuer. 

10.40 Newsrught The latest 
national and international 
news including extended 
coverage of one of the 
main stories of the day. 
With John Tusa. Peter 
Snow, Donald 
MacComtick and Ofivia 

11JS5 Weather. 

11 JO World Snooker. The final 
visit of the day to the 
Cructote Theatre. 

12.05 Open Unhreratty: The 
Happiest Days of Yow 

Ends at 12.35. 

drowning at local 
swimming pools; and 
DavW Stafford tests 
electric toothbrushes. 

9XO FHncBlouomstettw 
Dust (1941) starring Greer 
Garson and Walter 
Pidgeon. The true-Bte 
story of a woman whose 
only child Is kffled and, 
knowing that she can 
never have another baby, 
devotes her life to helping 
orphans in Texas. 

Directed by Mervyn 


1CL50 The Comic Strip 
Prasents^Ftetfuf of 
Traveflera Ctiequea. With 
Peter Richardson and Rfit 
MayaM. (r) 

11J5 Archie Bunker's Place. 
The first of a new series 
about the American AH 
Garnett. Archte is a bar- 
owner who hopes to build 
a restaurant extension to 
Ns business. Starring 
Canon O'Connor. 

1458kHz/206m: VHF 94J; World Service MF 648kHz/463m. 



Calendar Lunchtime Uve 1 30 New* 


Country Practice 5.15-545 Sons and 

130-230 Riptde 830-430 CounuyPrao- 
m 630 Calendar 535-730 Cross- 

roads 1130 Fight Night 1230am 

1130 The Champers 1230am 

ANGLIA A* London except 

123tan-130 Gardens For 
Afl 130 News 130-230 The Baron 



230 Han to Han 330-430 Horses 
lor Courses 630 Good Evening Ulster 

535 Diary Dates B35-730 Cross- 
roads 500-930 Falcon Crest t235aoi 

News. Closedown. 

130-230 The earanua N«n«3S- 

5.1S-&45 Emmerdrte Farm 530 About 
Angta 635 Crossroads 730-730 
MoutMrap 1130 T J Hooker 1230m 

tors 6.®) Lookaround 635-730 cross 
roods 530-930 Ho£ 11-30 Tirias 
from Die DariaMde 1200 Closedown. 

C4p Stans: 130pm Countdown 
23= 130 A*ce 230 Yn Eu Cynefi 

730 Crossroads 830-&00 Mud* Sb* 
Wrote 1U0 Mm in a Sum* 


ttOOBchnnh s nrere 5 tewteeeti 




Ing Time 130 News. 13D-230 Alter- 
noon Playtiouse 530 Crossroads 83S- 
730 News 1130 fignt Mght 123QMD 
Ctoa nd o wn . 

GRANADA ^ London ex- 
gBSHfiaa cepe I30pm Granada 
Reports 130 Scarecrow and Mrs 

230 Ftalabatam 235 Hyn O Fyd 235 
tmertude 3.10 Shakespeare Lives 340 
Englishman's Home 435 Bewitched 
4J3 Hanner Awr Fawr 530 Car 54, 

Where Are You’ 630 Winston Chur- 
chlll - The Vahant Years 630 Did O Fwyd 

This is Your Right 635-730 Cross- 
roads 1130 Fight Night 1230 m 

645 Sioe Swrad 730 Newyddlon 
Sash 730 DIwttkxI Aral 630 Goroni's 
Cytsn 930 Stornm Bywyd 945 
Smvcer 1035 Wall Being 11.10 FAtc 
B rother From Another Planet 13Sem 

12JX) Their Lordships' Hous*. 
Highlights of the day's 
oroceetfings in the Houso 

of Lords. Ends at 12.15 


135 Lookaround 130 Scarecrow 
and Mrs Kina 235-230 Home Cooksty 
Club 5.15-545 S.W.A.LK. 630 
Nortnem Lite 635-730 Crossroads 630- 
930 Hotel 1130 Teachers Only 

1230 Comlon m Counsel. Closedown. 

vin ii\i i Kikiiii Mi 













as c 

the c 

the I 

and i 
but i 

a la 
of fij 
do, i 
of i 

its wills 
and in< 
full to 
hotel c 
For re 








to tt 









Stoc E 








ro c 


c- By Stuart Jones. Football Correspondent 

man has at last shuffled if they had been forced to go second division will also take 
their own wav. thev would 

»s h ay into die future. The 
chairmen, wearing 
Winkers of sdf-imerest. had 
tor decades stubbornly refused 
to took beyond the interests of 
tnerrown cluJas. Yesterday, for 
Wjce. they were untied in 
ta*mga broader view of the 
welfiue of the game itself. 

They were given little 
choice. Pushed, prodded and 
cajoled by the five most 
powerful clubs in the land, 
they were faced with two 
options as they went into their 
e.viraordi nan.- general meeting 
in London. They could accept 
either the proposals that had 
been publicly unveiled Iasi 
December, or ihe certainty of 
a so-called 'super league' being 

They agreed to amend ihe 
antiquated system rather than 
see it being broken. After the 
package of 10 suggestions had 
been passed, Gordon Taylor, 
the secretary of the Profes- 
sional Footballers' Associa- 
tion who had worked so 
diligently to protect the over- 
all structure of the League, 
said: "This is a victory for 
common sense." 

Taylor added: "Some first 
division chairmen decided not 
to destroy the League." There 
is little doubt the sport that 
has been so reluctant for so 
long to change (the first divi- 
sion. for instance, has re- 
mained unaltered since 1919) 
would have been thrown into 
confusion had there been a 
sudden and dramatic split. 

Nevertheless, the chairmen 
of .Arsenal. Everton. Liver- 
pool. Manchester United and 
Tottenham Hotspur were ada- 
mant they would indeed be 
prepared to break away in 
order to gain a larger and. in 
their collective opinion, a 
fairer share of both the profits 
and of the power. Their 
discussions, held in secret, 
lasted for some nine months. 

Now they can claim their 
ploy has succeeded, although 
some of them would not have 
been gravely disappointed had 
their conditions been rejected. 

own way. they 
undoubtedly have taken ad of 
the other leading attractions 
with them. No club could 
have afforded to refuse their 
inv itation. 

Instead, a compromise was 
reached four months ago by; 10 
men representing all four divi- 
sions. After six hours of talks, 
they emerged with a blueprint 
and Taylor said at the time: 
"If this is not accepted, l 
cannot ever see changes hap- 
pening. Wc will be heading 
towards breakdown and 

Yesterday that genuine 
threat was averted and the 
plans are to be put immediate- 
ly into operation. The first 
division will be reduced by 
one club over the next two 
seasons and will contain only 
20 in 1 9SS. Even so. England's 
elite would still be as bulky as 
any on the Coniinem. 

of wealth 

The cut in fixtures at the 
highest level will be especially 
welcomed bv Bobby Robson, 
the national manager. Inju- 
ries. suffered during the heavi- 
est domestic programme in 
the world, and club commit- 
ments ha.e continually dam- 
aged his designs and he has 
been one of the strongest 
supporters of a lightening of 
the schedule in the first 

The second division will be 
increased by one club over the 
same period and will, there- 
fore. eventually embrace 24 in 
all. The bottom three in the 
first division next season, for 
example, will be relegated as 
has been the recent custom 
but they will be replaced by 
only two from the second 

A series of play-off games 
between the club finishing 
fourth from bottom in the first 
division and those ending up 
third, fourth and fifth in the 

place. The eventual winners 
will play in the first division 
the following season. Similar 
play-offs will be staged be- 
tween other divisions and 
there will be automatic relega- 
tion between the fourth divi- 
sion and the Gola League. 

The promise of a redistribu- 
tion of wealth was one factor 
that helped to pacify the big 
clubs. Lfnderthe new proposal 
the first division will receive 
50 per cent of the rewards to 
be gained from sponsors and 
the television companies. The 
second division will receive 25 
per cent and the third and 
fourth divisions 25 per cent 
between them. The pools from 
the cup competitions will be 
similariy divided. 

The four per cent levy on 
gates has been cut to three per 
cent and the League manage- 
ment committee is to be 
reformed. Instead of consist- 
ing of regional members, it 
will include four representa- 
tives from the first division, 
three from the second and one 
spokesman for the third and 
fourth divisions. 

The change in the voting 
system was again crucial to the 
outcome. The proposal, put 
forward initially by Jimmy 
Hill, a director of Chariton 
Athletic, was accepted. It 
means that each first division 
club will hold onc-and-a-half 
votes, the second division one 
and the third and fourth 
divisions eight between them. 
The overall majority required 
was reduced from three-quar- 
ters to two-thirds. 

As the boundaries of the 
first division shrink, so it will 
become a land of greater 
riches. The future of those 
inside it will be more secure 
and the existence of those 
outside will become even 
more tenuous. The gap was 
widening anyway and had 
become inevitable. Peter Rob- 
inson. the Liverpool secretary, 
summed up the reaction to the' 
meeting when he said: “We 
are all glad that it is over at 

Terry Botcher Terry Fenwick Alvin Martin 

Gsuy Stevens 

Ray Wilkins 

Peter Reid 

Bryan Robson 

Steve Hodge 


Peter Shilton 
Chris Woods (Norwich 

Gary Bailey (Manchester United) 

Gary Stevens (Everton) . — . — 

Viv Anderson (Arsenal) 29 

Kenny Sansom (Arsenal) — 

27 6 3 

TenyButctter (Ipswich Town) „ 27 38 

Terry Fenwick (Queen 1 _ . 

Alvin Martin (West Ham United) 27 

i‘s Park Rangers) — 26 14 

“ 14 

Gary Stevens (Tottenham . 

Glenn Hoddfe (Tottenham Hotspur) 28 . 31 

Trevor Steven (Everton) ... 22 9 

Ray Wilkins (AC Milan) 29 78 

Peter Reid (Everton) 29 5 

Bryan Robson (Manchester United) 28 50 

„ Steve Hodge (Aston Villa) ..... 23 2 

■■ Gary Lineker (Everton) 25 12 

Peter Beardsley (Newcastle United) — ...... 25 2 

Mark Hateley (AC Milan) 24 16 

Kerry Dixon (Chelsea) 24 

Chris Waddle (Tottenham Hotspur) 25 14 

John Barnes (Watford) 22 25 

Chris Waddle 


John Barnes 

Robson rules out sentiment 
England’s Mexican journey 

By Strait Jones 

Cooper’s chance to prove he 
is still interested in finals 

Scotland's match against 
The Netherlands in Eindhoven 
tonight provides the chance for 
Cooper, the Rangers winger, to 
convince the manager Alex 
Ferguson that he should be 
preferred in the final squad for 
Mexico to Nevin of Chelsea. 

Cooper pla\s in a much- 
changed team against a back- 
ground of uncertainty about 
his interest in continuing to 
play international football. 
Walter Smith, the assistant 
manager to Graeme Souness at 
Ibrox. has confirmed that Coo- 
per is still keen, and last night 
Ferguson said: "This is 
Cooper's chance to show me 
that he has got what it takes. 
He had the bottle to t3ke ihe 
vital penalty for us in Cardiff, 
and 1 have by no means ruled 
him out'* Cooper only re- 
turned to Ihe Rangers learn last 
weekend after a spell on the 

By David Miller 

A 4-3-3 formation includes 
two new caps. Connor, aged 
25. of Dundee, and McCoist of 
Rangers, lop scorer in the 
league with 36 goals. McCoist 
recognizes that unless some- 
one else should break a leg, be 
has little chance of being in the 
squad to be selected on May 4. 
"It's marvellous to be part of a 
team and get my first rap" he 
said. "I'll have no thought of 
the World Cup 

Souness. who played out- 
standingly in last week's defeat 
by England at Wembley, is an 
absentee, not having played for 
Sampdoria on Sunday. His 
role in the centre of midfield is 
taken over by Malpas. while 
with the English league de- 
manding most of Ferguson’s 
forwards. Sturrock plays in the 
centre of attack. 

There is some surprise at the 
exclusion of Bannon. but Fer- 

guson insisted that he was only 
being rested after a tiring 
season and that the decision 
bore no reflection of Bannon's 
performance at Wembley. 

The Netherlands, who are 
also weakened, will be without 
Van B35ten. the young Ajax 

Boeve (Ajax Amsterdam), J Bosnian 
(Aiax). R Koeman (Ajax), J vant 
ScMp (Ajax). S Sjfooy (Ajax). G 
Vanenburg (Ajax). R do Wit (Ajax). H 
van Sreufcefen (PSV Eindhoven), R 
GuUit IPS V). M Valke (PSV). J Hiete 
(feyenoord Rotterdam). S 
Tahamata (Feyenoord), W Suvrijn 
(Fortuna Srttard). A van Tic 
(Groningen), D Blind (Sparta 
dam). 0 Wouters (Utrecht). 
SCOTLAND: A Go ram (Oldham): D 
Narey (Dundee United), A McLeish 
(Aberdeen), W Mffler (Aberdeen), A 
Albiston (Manchester United). J Belt 
(Aberdeen). N Matpas (Dundee 
United), R Connor (Dundee). A 
McCoist (Rangers), P Sturrock (Dun- 
dee United). O Cooper (Rangers). 

Injury-hit pair back in contention 

Bonn (Reuter) — Two for- 
wards whose World Cup finals 
chances were thought to have 
been jeopardized by serious 
injuries were named by the 
West German manager, Franz 
Beckenbauer, yesterday in a 
26-man squad for World Cup 

Rudi Vollcr and Pierre 
Littbarski will both report to 
training next Monday 

SQUAD; E hnmef (Borussia Dort- 
mund). H Schumacher (Cologne). U 
Stein (Hamburg). K Augenthaler 
(Bayern Munich). T Berthofd 
(Dntracht Frankfurt). A Brehme 
(Kaiserslaulem), H-P Briege) (Ve- 
rona). G Buchwald (Stuttqart). N 
Eder (Bay am Munich). K-H Forster 
(Stuttgart). W Funkel (Bayer 
Uerdmgen). M Herget (Bayer 
Uerdingen). D Jakobs (Hamburg). K 
AUgoewer (Stuttgart). L Matthaeus 
l Bayern Munich). F Magath (Ham- 
burg!. U Rahn (Borussia 
Moenchengladbach). W RoW (Ham- 

burg). O Then (Schatka), K AHofs 
(Cologne). H Gniendel (Hamburg). 
D Hoeness (Bayern Munich). P 
Littbarski (Cologne). F Mil) 
flbnchengiadbach). K-H 
iter Milan). B VbRer 


(Borussia M finch* 
(Werder Bremen). 

There is no room for senti- 
ment in a World Cup squad. 
Some players inevitably suffer 
the cruellest disappointment 
but Bobby Robson can at least 
empathize. Two decades ago 
he felt that he deserved to be 
included in the final party. Sir 
Alf Ramsey thought otherwise 
and left him out of the group 
that went on to win the 

Yesterday the boot was on 
the other foot and it was his 
turn effectively to mark the 
end of the international ca- 
reers of two of his senior 
representatives. Francis and 
Woodcock. ■‘They were in my 
first squad four years ago and 
they were almost in this one at 
the last shout I regret leaving 
them out," Robson said. 

"If rd taken everybody who 
has been recommended to me, 
I would be lairing a group of 
57. 1 remember Francis's great 
performances in Mexico last 
summer but he has had a 
dismal year at Sampdoria.” 

Unstoppable show 

Robson revealed that Fran- 
cis had asked him before last 
week's game at Wembley what 
he needed to do to secure one 
of the 22 places. “I told him 
‘You've got to put on a 
dazzling, unstoppable 
show, but who can do that in 
an England-Scotland game? Zr 
hasn’t been done for more 
than 20 years.” 

Francis, selected in two of 
Jhe qualify ing ties, is recover- 
ing from an operation on his 
fractured cheek-bone and is 

on a standby list of six. 
Woodcock, who scored three 
goals in his three appearances 
on the path to Mexico, has 
also been troubled by injury 
recently and is not included 
among the emergency 

Wright, the victim of a 
broken leg, is the only other 
absentee who has made a 
significant contribution over 
the last 18 months. Williams 
was chosen twice but per- 
formed irresponsibly on both 
occasions. Duxbury, Mariner, 
Withe and Brace well (another 
to be named as a substitute) 
played in only one of the eight 

There is no room for experi- 
ment in the squad either. 
Neither of the two belated 
newcomers. Hodge and 
Beardsley, can be labelled as 
5Uprise packages. In less than 
90 minutes Hodge confirmed 
the view that England’s man- 
ager had long held, that he was 
the most effective and pene- 
trative understudy for Bryan 

Bobby Robson had looked 
at Rix,* Devonshire, Cowans 
and even Hunt but they were 
either unconvincing or 
subseqently affected by injury. 
As Hodge gained experience at 
.national level in the under-21 
side and at club level with 
Nottingham Forest and Aston 
Villa, he emerged, especially 
during the first half against 
Scotland, as the outstanding 

Beardsley, who attributes 
his progress to performing in 
the shadow of Keegan at 

Newcastle United, burnt into 
die gap left by the fading and 
3geing Francis and Woodcock. 
Though he has yet to score for 
England, he created one goal 
for Cowans within minutes of 
making his debut against 
Egypt and another for Waddle 
in the Soviet Union. 

Balanced party 

Bailey’s place is not yet 
certain but the operation on 
his knee has been so successful 
that he could be training 

Dixon, win ask for the carti- 
lage operation to be deferred if 
the recovery period is expect- 
ed to be longer than a 
fortnight. ” r 
The. health of Sansom, one 
of threeplayeis to play in all of 
the qualifying ties (Shilton 
and Wilkins being the others), 
will be important since there is 
no other recognized left back. 
Robson pointed out that 
Parker, of Fulham, and 
Pearce, of Forest, had been 
injured and Thomas, of Lu- 
ton, was not yet ready. Fen- 
wick . will act as Sansom’s 

tomorrow and playing within deputy if necessary. 

10 days. He will travel with Stevens, of Tottenham 
Manchester _United on Satur- Hotspur, is preferred, because 



Clydesdale Bank PLC: 
announces that with effect from 
Monday 2 nd June 1986 it’s 
House Mortgage Rate is being 
reduced to 1 1 % per annum. 

Structure of the sport 
is ripe for change 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 
Commodore Bob said, referring to the French 

r ■ .• . I - 1 . /i j:. ■ 


Weigh iU expects considerable 
change in the domestic and 
international structure of rug- 
by football over the next few 
years, as he himself changes 
from the role of professional 
secretary to the Rugby 1 Foot- 
ball Union to honorary secre- 
tary of the International 
Rugby Football Board. The 
latter appointment he has 
already accepted; the former 
will end at the RFU’s annual 
meeting in July when he is 
succeeded, after 13 years in 
office, by Dudley Wood. 

The Air Commodore, guest 
of the Rugby Writers’ Club in 
London yesterday, suggested 
that, for the first time, the 
IRFB bad substantia! funds at 
Its disposal as a result of the 
gate money from the two 
centenary celebration games 
this month, consequent televi- 
sion fees and sponsorship. It 
was therefore possible to fund 
a permanent secretariat to 
deaL apart from anything else, 
with business arising from the 
newly-deveioped associate 
membership of the board. 

He touched also on the 
problems of domestic adminis- 
trators: “There is a case for 
the RFl! Setting up offices 
the ci 

federation who have 61 divi- 
sional technical administra- 
tors — the majority funded by 
the French government — 
compared to the RFU’s four. 
He had no easy' answer to 
England's largely mediocre 
performances at international 
level over the last decade: “We 
have nearly half a million 
people playing rugby each 
week and you should be able to 
pick 50 players from them and 
turn them into a World Cup 
winning team. 

“But the great strength of 
English rugby is in the middle 
order dubs, where everyone 
plays social rugby and enjoys 
it. There is little incentive for 
someone to get out of that 
comfortable, cosy atmosphere 
and go to a first-dass club 
where everything becomes 
modi more serious. 

The RFU are expected to 
announce today details of their 
competition committee's paper 
on club structure. Air Commo- 
dore WeighilL, while acknowl- 
edging the new four-team 
divisional championship, 
would be happy to see the 
country split into eight re- 
gions. who could play a more 
prolonged and competitive 

throughout the country,” he championship^ . 

day to Vicarage Road, where 
Vernon Edwards, the Watford 
and England doctor, will as- 
sess his fitness. Hodge, of 
Sheffield Wednesday, awaits 
the diagnosis. The other five 
who must wait and hope are 
Norwich City's Watson. 
Arsenal's Robson, Bracewell 
of Everton, Francis and 
Harford, the Luton centre 

Wilkins has recovered from 
his knee problem (he played 
for AC Muan on Sunday) and 
Reid, who twisted ankle liga- 
ments at Forest last Saturday, 
has a “slight" chance of being 
available for Everton tomor- 
row evening. 

Apart from Bryan Robson’s 
delicate shoulder, therefore, 
the lone doubt now concerns 
Haiford. Yet another to be 
afflicted by a knee complaint, 
he was to have kept an 
appointment with a surgeon 
today. Robson, who needs 
him as cover for Hateley and 


of bis versatility, to the unfor- 
tunate Watson. “If l wanted 
another central defender, be 
would have been in there 
without question, - " Robson 

With six defenders, six mid- 
field players, six forwards and 
Stevens, a man for all posi- 
tions, the party is balanced. “It 
is solid, there is good coverage 
everywhere, the specialists are 
reliable and we have a mixture 
of experienced heads and 
young legs,” Robson com- 
mented “They are also a 
terrific bunch of characters, 
which is equally important. 

“They are good tourists, 
there are no cliques and they 
all get on famously with each 
other. They will be away from 
home for. seven weeks, but 
they won't get bored. They 
will roll up their sleeves and 
get on with it. It must be a sign 
of a strong squad when you 
have to agonize over whom 
you should leave out." 

Rovers hit 

Hull Kingston Rovers have 
suffered their first serious 
injury setback as they prepare 
to lake on Castieford in the 
Silk Cut Rugby League Chal- 
lenge Cup final at Wembley 
on Saturday (Keith Mackiin 

Phil Hogan, their strong- 
running international second- 
row forward had an X-ray on 
the arm injured at Wigan on 
Sunday, and had his worst 
fears realized when a fracture 
was diagnosed. Another 
Rovers player struggling for 
fitness is their full back, 

George Fairbaim. who also 
received a knock 

The Great Britain Under-21 
full hack. Kevin Hareombe, 
has been placed on the transfer 
list by Rochdale Hornets at 

No to rebels 

Wellington (Reuter) - 
Bruce Hemara. the hooker, 
turned down an invitation 
yesterday to join the rebel 
New ■ Zealand rugby union 
team in South Africa as a 
replacement He was asked to ITArfnii finite 
replace Andy Dalton, the cap- rUMTUJU qUlLS 

tain, whose jaw was fractured 
in the victory over Northern 
Transvaal on Saturday. 

Hemara said be would lose his 

Becken fat contract 

Cashing in 

Boris Becker's status as a 
sporting millionaire has been . 
assured with the 18-year-old 
Wimbledon tennis champion 

On defensive 

Jrm Baker, of Ireland, the 
former world indoor bowls 
champion, defends his -West- 
minster international champi- 
onship title against a strong 
field at Paddington next Mon- 
day. His opponents include 
the. reigning world indoor 
champion. Tony Allcock, the 
former world champion. Da-, 
vid Bryant, and Andy Thom- 
son, -of Scotland. . . 

Lloyd resigns 

David Lloyd,, the former 
British Davis Cup tennis play-' 
er. has resigned from the 
company tunning his new 
sports club in Sutton. Surrey, 
and his name will no longer be 
associated with it In a state- 
ment yesterday, Lloyd said: -I 
am extremely disappointed 
that my fellow directors of 
Hazd Baron limited have 

to stop 
the slide 

tavern <" 

suggest drat HeadiflgftH* ~ 
^Oxford Uaitrf - *<«» 
win a Football Leafiu* 
petition or that 
doncould be on < * 

the first division. No* £ 
is happening, m a 
stiU absurd. . , 

It is not happen**)? 
standards are wmnR 
ways, bat ‘fowuwarJS: 
likes of Oxford and 
dnn however laudable tbejr 
efforts, however dRfenJ 
players and far-sighted their 
directors, are no 
for Wolverhampton ; Wander- 
ers and Sunderland. r£P«- 
tivelv heading for the fourth 
and third divisions. In an age 
when the cream is thin, when 
there are not enough good 
plavers to go roimd. democro- 
cy has accelerated the decline 
of the professional game. 

What has now been agreed 
by the League chairmen is too 
little and too late. Twenty-six 
years after AUui Hardaker s 
originally proposed reforms, 
they have finally accepted 
change only for fear of anar- 
chy by the big dubs- Frankly, 
I wish we bad been hit with 
the anarchy: a British super 
league of 16 dobs. 

Indeed, t wish we could go 
even further and, if oejw- 
sary, split away from FIFA 
(the sport's international 
governing body) and n Bilater- 
ally introduce alterations in 
the law which would restore 
entertaintnent and the glories 
of the attackera- 

The irony is that Football 
League clubs, in their selfish, 
twenty-year protection of 
their own interests, have 
denied a proper preparation 
for- the one remaining flag- 
ship of national pride, the 
World Cap team. It needs 
more, flan yesterday’s cos? 
mefic alterations to rescue a 
dying national game which 
we ha re all loved. - . . 

“There are massive question 
marks about Hoddle and 
Reid. Up front, Waddle and 
Barnes promise more than 
they produce . . .Dixon is not 
good enough because bis 
control would let him down, 
while Hateley doesn't score 
enough goals. Only Lineker 
looks sharp and effective. 1 
saw England against Roma- 
nia at Wembley. Technically 
we. were inferior to a side that 
couldn't even qualify for 
Mexico. Oat there, where the 
heat will be stifling . . . yon 
must treat the ball like gold 
dost. Possession is so impor- 
tant . . .if Bobby Robson is to 
play with three op front . . . 
that wil] be hard. England 
have only six players who are 
certainties: Shilton, Stevens, 
Butcher, Sansom, Robson, 
and Lineker.” 

These are not my words, 
though I agree with every one 
of them. They are Sir Alf 
Ramsey's, in a fascinating 
interview- with Nigel Clarke 
of the Doily Mirror in a 
useful little guide to the 
World Cap, edited by Julie 
Welch. The honest truth is 
that, at the moment when 
Bobby Robson announces his 
final 22 players, he cannot 
know for sure his team or 
even his formation. If be 
does, and it is basically that 
which we saw last week 
against Scotland, then there 
is tittle chance of England 
going- beyond the second 
round. Or even the first. 

As Sir Alf suggests, there 
are still five places in the 
England team to be resolved, 
•never mind the recent string 
Of misleadingly successful re- 
sults. Those who can remem- 
ber the conditions of 1970 
know that the physical impo- 
sition of players will make 
Huddle’s relative physical 
frailty, Hateley's lack of con- 
trol and Waddle's unpredict- 
able tactics an even heavier 
burden, than usual for their 

; a 

^ i 




* i*: 

having signing a new contract . te T Mve 

with toe West German sport- ™ l ?!5 l w £ %.. m y 

ins goods company. Puma. to nilnl its otoliga- 

that will bring him in excess of , l ^»! nana8 ? m ? 1 

£10 minion over toe next six • P 12 

years. Gunter Adam, market- ^ 

mg manager, said: “Last year 
we sold 15,000 rackets; this 
year toe projection is 1 75,000, 

It is alt due io Boris." 

my name, .associated with a 
venture over which I had no 
control.” ' . . 

Hodges's test 

Carol Hodges, aged 26, 
John Horton, the England from Blackpool. wOf be toe 
rugby union fly half in their captain or the England 
Grand Slam season of 1 980, is women’s cricket team forijle 
to retire. He has been restrict- Test series against India this 
ed. to lfijamefLlfiLBrisioi.. 4 ji | PStW-!’ — - 

The present manager has 
committed himself to includ- 
ing two wingers in his squad, 
yet all the evidence of the 
J«st two seasons 'radicates 
that, tike Ramsey 16 years 
ago, he would be more expe- 
dient to opt for reliable men 
who. wifi not squander posses- 
sion and will fit into a unit 
which operates less tiring)*-, 
lnat means a compact 4-4^2 
formation: to be a convention- 
al winger in Mexico requires 
more maturity than is pos- 
sessed by either Waddle ©r 

. 10 there is no 

doubt that England's opti- 
mum formation, like 

to^yYin 1970, would be 

4- 1-3-2, namely: Shilton; $te- 
vens or Anderson, Butcher i 
Fenwick, Sansom; Wilkins or 
Reid; Steven, Hoddle, 
son or Hodg^UneSr 

must be that there are not the