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Fears of huge 
1 # death toll in 
atom disaster 

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• A Kiev source says 2,000 people died 
u* the nuclear plant disaster 


•• • • 

® The Soviet Union has ended its news 
blackout, but says that only two people 
died in the incident. 

• Anger is moon ting in the Nordic 
countries at Moscow's failure to warn of 
spreading radiation — page 6. 

• Poland has set np a civil-military 
crisis team to deal with a radioactive 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

The Soviet Union yesterday miles away, who was said to 
appealed to Western countries have close contacts with hos- 
ier help m dealing with the pi tals and rescue services, said 
disaster at its nuclear power between 10,000 and 15,000 

pie had been 

station in the Ukraine, where 
a fire was raging out of control 
and thousands of families 
were reported to have been 
evacuated from a wide sur- 
rounding area. 

One Russian diplomat de- 
scribed the accident at the 
Chernobyl plant as "the worst 
ever in the world" of its kind, 
and according to a United 
Press International report 
quoting sources in Kiev, about 
2,000 people may have been 

Radiation from the disaster 
area was still being recorded in 
Scandinavian countries, and 
West German officials ex- 
pressed concern that easterly 
winds might bring contamina- 
tion towards Germany. 

Britain is not at risk, accord- 
ing to experts here. 

The US said last night that 
it was "ready, willing; and 
able" to gi ve Russia medical 
and technical help, but had 
not been asked for assistance. 

The Soviet Union did, how- 
ever. seek advice from nuclear 
power experts in Sweden and 
West Germany on how tb 
control the fire burning at 
Chernobyl several days after 
the accident. 

Authorities in Moscow have 
released few details about the 
cause or extent of the damage, 
but some Western scientists 
believe a meltdown of nuclear 
fuel — the ultimate disaster — 
had occurred. 

An 18-tnHe radius area 
around the station was.berag 
evacuated, according to some 
reports*- with fleets of buses 
and -other vehicles comman- 
deered to take tens of thou- 
sands of people to safety. 

A resident in Kiev,about 60 

people had been evacuated 
from PripyaL the city built 
dose to the plant to house its 
labour force. 

"Eighty people died imme- 
diately and some 2000 people 
died on the way to hospitals," 
the source said. "The whole 
October Hospital in Kiev is 
packed with people who suffer 
from radiation sickness. 

“The dead were not buried 
in ordinary cemeteries but in 
the village of Pigorov. where 

Killer reactor 6 

Survivors face death 6 

Blow to industry 6 

Swedish anger 6 

The lessons . 12 

Leading articles 13 

radioactive wastes are usually 

A spokeswoman at the Oc- 
tober Hospital later denied 
that patients from the accident 
area were being treated there. 
Other details of die UPI report 
could not be confirmed. 

Western embassies in Mos- 
cow said there were many 
similar rumours, including a 
figure of up to 3,000 deaths, 
but it was impossible to assess 

Last night the Soviet Gov- 
ernment issued a statement 
through Tass, saying two peo- 
ple had been killed, and that 
evacuations had taken place 
.from the plant vicinity and 
nearby population centres. 

The "radiaticn-aituation" ai 
the power station had been 
stabilized . and - "necessary 
medical aid" given to those 

The statement gave few 

details of the nature of the 
accident but said it "resulted 
in the destruction of part of 
the structural elements of the 
building housing the reactor, 
its damage, and a certain leak 
of radioactive substances". 

The statement said the acci- 
dent affected what it called the 
fourth power generating unit, 
but said the other three units' 
were in order, although they 
were shut down as a precau- 
tionary' step. 

"Priority measures have 
been taken to deal with the 
effects of the accident. The 
inhabitants of the station's 
settlement fPripyat) and three 
nearby populated localities 
have been evacuated.'' 

Pripyat has a population of 
between 25,000 and 45,000, 
according to various reports. 

Some health experts in Brit- 
ain who specialize in the 
hazards of nuclear radiation 
believe many people living 
near Chernobyl could die 
within weeks or months from 
the effects of very high doses 
of radiation. 

Other victims could con- 
tract cancer in five or more 
years' time, and some mothers 
were at risk of giving birth to 
babies with genetic disorders 
or mental handicaps. 

Although the Soviet Gov- 
ernment was seeking advice 
from Swedish. West German 
and British nuclear safety 
experts on how to deal with 
the fire at the plant, the 
United Kingdom Atomic En- 
ergy Authority is the only 
organization with . sire* 
experience. - 

A fire broke out at 
Windscale, now known as 
Sellafield, in 1957. but was 
insignificant in comparison 
with the Chernobyl outbreak. 

Russians end news blackout 

. The. Soviet authorities last 
night ended a news blackout 
on details of the nuclear 
accident at the Chernobyl 
plant when an announcement 
from the Council of Ministers 
admitted that two people had 
been killed in the mishap and 
an unspecified number of 
people evacuated. 

Tne announcement, read in 
sombre tones on national 
television, was deliberately 
riot placed at the top of the 
news which is broadcast 
throughout the country. 

It acknowledged for the first 
time that the accident had 
destroved part of the 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

structural .elements of the 
building bousing the reactor. 

The statement, released si- 
multaneously by Tass. was the 
first official news of the acci- 
dent issued in 24 hours. It said 
that a Government commis- 
sion, including the heads of 
ministries, leading scientists 
and other specialists, was 
working in the region. - 
“The radiation situation at 
the electric power station and 
adjacent territory has now 
been stabilized and the neces- 
sary medical aid is being given 
to those affected,"! t said. 

It added: "The inhabitants 
of the nuclear power station's 

settlement and three nearby 
populated localities have been 

The Council of Ministers 
statement gave no indication 
of the number of injuries. 

Unofficial estimates here 
put those involved in the 
evacuation at several 

The Soviet statement, 
which followed a day of 
prevarication by the Foreign 
Ministry which refused to 
answer any queries from 
Western diplomats, said: "Ac- 
cording to preliminary data, 
the accident took place in one 

Continued on page 16, col 1 

sets up 

From Roger Boyes 

Poland has set op a top-level 
civil-military crisis team to 
deal with the threat of a 
radioactive cloud, apparently 
covering scores of mules, that 
has gusted into north-eastern 
Po land 

Mr Jerzy Urban, the gov- 
ernment spokesman, said yes- 
terday that there were contacts 
between the Soviet and Polish 
Governments and between sci- 
entific experts of the two 
countries to gauge the scope of 
the problem. 

Iu Poland, the team headed 
by Mr Zbigniew Szaiajda. 
Deputy Prime Minister, met 
yesterday mo ruing to draw up 
emergency plans. 

Members of the team in- 
dude the ministers of health 
and agriculture, a general, a 
scientist and the head of the 
Polish atomic energy au- 

Hospitals in the area have 
been put on standby alert and 
food reserves have been 

The Polish Ministry of 
Health instructed Poles not to 
buy or drink milk that comes 
from the north-east of Poland. 

Although most cows in the 
area are eating dried, stored 
fodder, some may be grazing 
on pasture land, and this coaid 
prove to be a high risk, 
especially for bottle-fed 

Every vegetable should be 
thoroughly wash and medi- 
cines would be dispensed to 
reduce the effects of radioac- 
tivity, the ministry said. 

In a separate communique, 
the ministerial crisis team said 
that treatment facilities were 
available, but stressed that 
that the radiation cloud did not 
represent a real danger, main- 
ly because it was still moving. 
Had the dond remained static, 
radioactivity would prove to be 
a real problem. 

Mr Urban did not disclose 
any details about die density 
of the chmd which has been 
blown 310 miles from the 
Chernobyl power station but 
slid !*ss * &!• triggered 
..bote Js* *. ~sge readings in 
about 200 geiger counters ran 
by the civil and military 

That suggests the cloud 
covers a large area probably 
taking in Suwalki in die top 
north-eastern comer, part of 
the Baltic coast and cities like 
Olsztyn and Bialystok. 

The overall strategy is to 
play down the crisis. So far no 
restrictions have been put on 
food sales though the measure 
seems to be under review. 

It is an area of lakes and 
forests which usually has a 
significant rainfall at this time 
of year. 

First visitors from the 
north-east yesterday reported 
that the news of the cloud was 
beginning to spread by word of 
mouth and people were begin- 
ning to buy in canned fi 

Until yesterday, there 
been no press reports a 
the Soviet disaster, but by 
yesterday evening, H had be- 
come the lead news item on 
radio and telerishm. 

Last journey of Duchess of Windsor 

Eight Welsh Guards carry the coffin of the Duchess of Windsor at St George's Chapel. 

Anarchy claimed 
in prison as 
dispute escalates 

By Peter Evans and Craig Seton 
Industrial action by more than ringed the walls 
18.000 prison officers is set to 


Voice of 


Profile of 
Leonid Zamyatin, 
former head of the 
Tass news agency, 
who is the new 
Soviet ambassador 
to London 

• Three readers 
shared the daily Times 
Portfolio Gold prize 

of £4,000 yesterday - 
details, page 3. 

• Today there is an- 
other £4,000 to be won. 

• Portfolio Gold list, 
page 20; tides and How 
to play, information 
service, page 16. 

HeateNews 2-5 
Overseas M 
ApptE l£2i 
Axis 15 

Births, deaths, 
A&srisKK 14, 
Bafiiaess 17-21 
Court 14 

Crosswords 10.16 
Diary 12 

Events 16. 

Features "Wm} 

Law Report 








Pwfitaeat 4,16 1 

Property 2fc27 I 

Sale Room 

3 1 



TV; A Radio 


Wvsdter • 


Failure to alert criticized 

By Richard Evans 
Lobby Reporter 

The House of Commons 
united last night to strongly 
criticize the Soviet Union for 
failing to immediately notify 
neighbouring countries of the 
disaster at its nuclear power . 
plant near Kiev. 

Mrs Thatcher told MPs the 
Swedish and Finnish govern- 
ments were only informed ot 
the incident after radioactive 
clouds had readied their 

But she reassured them that 
preliminary tests carried out 
in Britain following the mas- 
sive nuclear leak, bad failed to 
detect any increase m the level 
of radioactivity m the UK. 

Together with other Cabinet 
ministers, the Prime Minister 
went out of her way to stress 
the "absolutely superb” safety 
record of Britain’s nuclear 
industry. "We have a very 
high, standard of safety and 
design, construction operation 
and maintenance of nuclear 

plant in the UK." she said. 

Mr Peter Walker, the Secre- 
tary of Slate for Energy, has 
officially asked Moscow to 
make available frill details of 
the accident. 

In a statement to the Com- 
mons, Mr Kenneth Baker, the 

Britons safe 

The Foreign Office said 
yesterday that as for as could 
be established no Britons had 
beat injured by the accident. 

There are 71 Britons living 
hi Kiev and 30 in Minsk. 
Britons in Kiev had reported 
they were safe and the Rus- 
sians had said conditions in 
Minsk were normaL 

Secretary of State for the 
Environment, said a disturb- 
ing feature of the incident was 
the way in which knowledge of 
it had not come from Moscow 
but from monitoring by 
neighbouring countries. 

**J hope the Soviet Union 
will make available informa- 

tion about this incident be- 
cause it is very valuable for the 
whole of the nudear industry 
and the world to know as 
much as possible." 

He confirmed that about 
100 British students were in 
Minsk, about 60 miles north 
of the Chernobyl nuclear 
plant, when the accident oc- 
curred. Embassy officials in 
Moscow were investigating. 

The UK Atomic Energy 
Authority and the National 
Radiological Protection Board 
were carrying out substantial 
monitoring of radioactivity 
levels. The Minsitry of Agri- 
culture would be checking soil 
samples on ihe east coast and 
in north Wales as well as 
testing milk samples all this 

Mr Baker said ihe graphite 
moderated reactor responsible 
for the nuclear leak was of a 
unique design and there were 
none like it in the WesL 

British experts had rejected 
the reactor as unstable in the 

disrupt jails throughout the 
country as claims were made 
of “total anarchy" and riot 
conditions inside Gloucester 
prison yetpjrday. The 
nor suspended officers taking 
part in protest action over 
manning levels. 

Members of the Prison 
Officers' Association in En- 
gland, Wales and Northern 
Ireland are behg instructed 
from today to take industrial 
action described as extensive, 
highly disruptive and on a 
continuing basis. 

POA officials forecast last 
night that the action would be 
more serious than in 1980-81 
when troops were called in to 
man an incomplete prison and 
two camps were opened to 
take overspill prisoners. 

At Gloucester, more than 20 
prisoners staging a rooftop 
protest over the officers' lock- 
out hurled bricks and tiles at 
senior staff and demanded 
that they be allowed to return 
|_io their posts. 

'/Police equipped with riot 
gear stood by outside the 
20 foot high walls as pieces of 
tile crashed into the street and 
on to parted cars. Prisoners 
yelled their demand that they 
would stay on the roof unit] 
the officers were allowed to 

About 30 senior staff and 
assistant governors from other 
prisons were last night be- 
lieved to be running the prison 
and more are expected to be 
drafted in today . 

They were helping Mr Nich- 
olas Wall, the governor, to 
keep control of the 300 in- 
mates but prison officers who 

with Ihe 

police said that prisoners were 
totally unsupervised inside 
2 nd gave warning that the 
tense situation could escalate 
into violence. 

Some of the assistant gover- 
nors brought in from prisons 
in the South-west and Mid- 
lands had to face the anger and 
abuse of prison officers when 
they were forced to leave the 
jail to unload a vegetable lorry 
outside the main gatt Its 
driver had refused to go inside 
when POA members told him 
that their dispute was official. 

Last night Mr Ian Dunbar, 
the regional director of the 
Prison Service for the South- 
west. who was called into 
Gloucester to make a report 
for Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, and to advise 
Mr Wail on the best way to 
cope, said that the prison was 
secure. He said there was no 
danger to the public, but 
conceded that the situation 
inside was “tense and fragile.” 

He said the 23 prisoners 
who had clambered on to the 
roof had been reduced to 13 by 

Mr Byron Hughes, the POA 
branch chairman, was in ur- 
gent contact last night with his 
national executive to report 
on the deteriorating situation. 

He told The Times: "There 
has been a state of total 
anarchy inside the prison. 
Prisoners were wandering the 
grounds unsupervised, some 
tried to break into the ladder- 
shed and others got on to the 
roof. We are still standing by 
outside to make sure no one 
escapes, but the situation is 

Continued on page 2, col 8 

forces tax 

By David Smith 

The Treasury yesterday an- 
nounced significant tax 
changes in response to criti- 
cism of last month's Budget. It 
also changed the rules to allow 
companies to finance them- 
selves without relying on bank 
fccn\A\:ra. • 

Intense lobbying by leading 
British companies, including 
ICl and Reuters, rorced the 
Treasury to tone down its 
controversial tax on American 
Depositary Receipts - British 
shares denominated in dollars 
and traded in New York. 

Mr John MacGregor. Chief 
Secretary to the Treasury, said 
that the rate of the proposed 
tax was being cut from 5 to ! .5 
per cent. 

Sir Nicholas Guodison. 
chairman of the Stock Ex- 
change. welcomed ihe 

Share prices, partly in an- 
ticipation of the Treasury's 
announcements, were strong 
yesterday. The Fin^nUii 
Times 30-share index rose by 
25.9 points to 1,391.2. 

ADR tax cut page 17 

By Alan Hamilton 

The bright English spring 
sun shone on ihe last journey 
of Wallis. Duchess of Wind- 
sor, yesterday afternoon, as it 
had too little shone on her life. 

Her funeral service was 
simple and shorn of pomp, her 
burial intensely private, wit- 
nessed by only four members 
of the Royal family and eight 
old friends and retainers from 
half a century of exile. It was 
the way she and the Duke had 
planned it together. 

She did not so much come 
home, for little of her life was 
in England: she came to join 
her husband, who had lain 
under a spreading plane tree in 
the Royal burial ground at 
Frog more since 1972, end 
whose death abandoned the 
Duchess to a desolate 

Her body, which fced kin In 
the Albert Memorial Chapel 
of Si George's in V.mdsor 
Custi* i:s arrival from 
Paris «n Sunday, was carried 
by a bearer party of Welsh 
Guards, of which the Duke 
was once Colonel- in-Chief, 
early y esterday afternoon to be 
placed on its purple draped 
catafalque in the quire of St 
George's. On top of it lay the 
Queen's wreath of white and 
orange lilies, almost the only- 
flowers present. 

The guard was taken np by 
the Military Knights of Wind- 
sor, their scarlet tunics a rare 
ray of colour in a stark scene. 

Over ]i)0 mourners filed 
into their places in the nave. 
The French influence was 
strong: British ambassadors to 
Paris past and present: friends 
from the continental soda! 
circle of which the Windsors 
were so tong the fulcrum; old 
acquaintances like Lady Di- 
ana Mosley and Lady Alexan- 
dra Metcalfe, widow of the 
Duke's best man sr.d the sole 
surviving witness of their 

The Freer?! wempr? “ore 
black ' ckic~ and veils. Btrou 
Guy de Rothschild said: "We 
were invited, and it was ihe 
least we cou;e s u ic come, ihe 
was very popular ic France." 

Beyond the quire screen the 
honoured guests overlooked 
the English oak coffin with its 
silver plate inscribed simply: 
"Wallis. Duchess ef Windsor, 

Royal guests, z:: in mourn- 
ing black, were led by the 
Queen and the Duke of Edin- 
burgh. Beside them sat the 
Prince and Princess of Wales, 
the Queen Mother, Princess 
Anne. Princess Alice Duchess 
of Gloucester, the Dechess of 
Kent. Princess .’.ie^ndra and 
Vfr Any us Ogiivy. and Prince 
and Princess Michael of Kent. 

All sat hidden by the quire 

Continued on page 16, col 7 

Botha urges blacks to 
back peace initiative 

From Ray Kennedy, Johannesburg 

peaceful way. I have extended 
my hand of friendship to all 
those in our country, black, 
white, brown, who are com- 
mitted to the peaceful solution 
of our problems." 

Clearly referring to bis pro- 
posed national statutory' coun- 
cil. Mr Botha said: “I appeal to 
all reasonable South Africans 
to support this process.” Leg- 
islation w’ouid be introduced 
shortly to make it possible. 

Mr P W Botha, the South 
African President made a 
direct televised appeal to 
blacks last night to support his 
efforts for negotiated peace in 
the country. 

He said: "I am aware ol 
your problems and I am 
willing to deal with them in a 
positive way. But the Govern- 
ment and I cannot do this 

"We need to discuss solu- 
tions with black leaders in a 

Future power stations could go back to coal 

* * A ft fr 

By David \ 

Energy Comes] 

The Central Electricity 
Generating Board (CEGB) 
may be forced to accelerate 
■plans to introduce a new breed 
of coal-banting power stations 

because of renewed ow 

the safety of nuclear^ power 
stations after Monday's acci- 
dent in the Soviet Union. 

Scientists and engineer s at 
the CEGB research centre 
pear. Gloucester, hare been 

cause the CEGB believes that, 
with demand for electricity 
growing by an average 4 per 
cent a year, it will need new 
stations in operation by the 

The industry would prefer to 
build about six nuclear sta- 
tions but has accepted that 
planning consent delays may 
make it necessary to build coal 

Now. with public opinion 
moving more firmly against 

OcaJL- unitn-iAiMi • - — — ■ — * o 

working secretly oil a new type endear power, the CEGBlears 
of coaWwrnlBg station for that the planning inspectors 

forthcoming report on the 
be- proposed Sizewell B nuclear 


The work was started. 

station in Suffolk will be 
delayed. Like tbe Russian 
station involved' in Monday's 
accident, Sizewell B would be 
a pressurized water-cooled 

Tbe Department of Energy 
bad planned to rale on the 
Sizewell report by the end of 
this year, but with nuclear 
power likely to emerge as a big 
election issue it is expected to 
postpone the report until the 
safety issues have been 

Any government-imposed 
delay on the construction of 
tbe Sizewell power-station will 

be a bitter personal blow to 
Lord IVfprshall, the CEGB's 

Eighty per cent of electricity 
is generated by coal. 17 per 
cent by nuclear power and 3 
per cent by oil. 

The Government would wel- 
come increased nse of coal by 
the CEGB. the National Coal 
Beard's largest customer, as a 
way of continuing to provide 

• The National Union of 
Mineworkers has once again 
rejected a Coal Board offer on 
pay and pensions. Mr Kevin 

Hunt, the board's head of 
industrial relations said yes- 

Mr lan MacGregor, the 
NCB's chairman, said the 
board would stick to its threat 
to withdraw the offer today 
with the result that miners 
would lose back pay dating 
from the beginning of 

Mr MacGregor reaffirmed 
the ultimatum after announc- 
ing details of the board's best 
financial performance for sev- 
en years. 

Fit closures hint, page 17. 

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iance chiefs 
to impose 
pending limit 
on manifesto 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

. Leaders of the Liberal-So- But the letter also gives a 
"'rial Democratic Alliance arc 

"•seeking cuts in their policy 

• commitments in an attempt to 
"/impose a lop annual limit of 
—■£10,000 million on their pro- 
jected increased expenditure 
’■during the lifetime of a five- 

' "year Parliament. 

T; A confidential letter sent to 
Alliance MPs by the parties* 
two economic spokesmen, Mr 
; a 'Jan Wriggjeswonh, SDP MP 
_; fl lbr Stockton South, and Mr 
...JDavid Penhaligon, Liberal 
".;MP for Trura says: “ There 
are going to be severe public 
expenditure restraints for 
some years to come and a 
number of cherished hopes 
may have to be delayed.' 

“The truth is, unless we are 
prepared to argue for substan- 
tially higher taxation, which 
;_we do not believe to be 

* feasible, we must be prepared 
to establish strict priorities for 
higher spending, to consider 
phasing in the more expensive 
changes, to identify areas 
where savings can be made, 
and to seek new solutions to 

lt is understood that Alli- 
ance leaders have been stung 
into tough action by the 
Government's damaging 
- charge that Labour commil- 
** J merits could cost as much as 
£34.000 million — vehement- 
ly denied by Mr Roy 
Hattersley. the shadow Chan- 

. . The Alliance letter, agreed 
~,by a joint leadership policy 
meeting, says: “The Alliance 
.should plan' for a maximum 2 
percent per annum increase in 
.’total public expenditure over 
an initial five-year period, 
compared with the present 
’1 government's experience of a 
1.5 per cent increase since 

“Extra spending to create 
jobs and revive industry and 
commerce should have the 
highest priority, with other 
policy areas taking second 
place' except to the extent that 
they fulfu these economic 

An annex to the letter says 
that existing commitments in- 
clude real improvements in 
health and personal social 
services, education and train- 
ing. housing, transport inner 
cities, job creation. industry 
and overseas aid. 

A spending standstill would 
be imposed on agriculture, law 
and order, defence and envi- 
ronmental services. 

wanting that the Alliance 
commitment to boost public 
sector pay in real terms may 
have to be financed by effi- 
ciency improvements or re- 
ductions in service. 

It says: “Real improve- 
ments in public sector pay are 
expensive — a 25 per cent in- 
crease in nurses' pay would 
cost £750 million per annum; 
10 per cent would cost 
£300 million...25 percent in- 
crease in teachers' pay would 
cost £1.25 billion per annum; 
10 per cent would cost 
£500 million." 

The letter says that the task 
of restraining public expendi- 
ture will not be easy, as the 
present government has dis- 
covered. "Even a government 
dedicated to cutting back pub- 
lic expenditure has not been 
able to do so." 

Tories stay calm 
in by-election 

Conservatives in Derby- 
shire West maintained a stoi- 
cal calm yesterday after the 
latest opinion poll suggested 
that its once large Jead for the 
May 8 by-election contest was 
being whittled down by oppo- 
sition parties. 

Mr Patrick McLoughlin, the 
Conservative candidate, took 
the press on a peaceful ride 
along the Cromford canal on a 
horse-drawn barge, and de- 
clared that he would not be 
panicked by the opinion polls. 

He was charitable towards 
the former Conservative MP, 
Mr Matthew Pam's, whose 
resignation caused the by- 
election. who said on Monday 
that it was even possible to 
imagine a Labour candidate 
winning the seat. 

Mr McLoughlin. aged 28. a 
former miner, who suffered 
the jibes of his colleagues 
when he worked throughout 
the miners' strike, appeared 
well-equipped to cope with 
any crisis. 

He said: "We will go out 
calmly and cooly to get the 
best vote we can.” 

But the BBC Newsnighi 
poll, which gave the Conser- 
vatives 37 per cent, the Alli- 
ance 32 per cent and Labour 
30 per cent - it received only 
I7perccnt in 1983— has 
electrified the campaign. 

General election: M Parris (O 
29.695: V Bingham (All) 14J70; 
JP March (Lab) 9.060. C maj: 

anger over 
tin mines 

By Sheila Gunn 
Political Staff 

MPs of all parties rounded 
on foe Government in the 
Commons yesterday for fail- 
ing to give aid to save the few 
remaining Cornish tin mines. 

If help is not forthcoming 
before the end of the week it is 
feared that planned mine clo- 
sures will be unstoppable. 

Mr David Harris, Conser- 
vative MP for St Ives, predict- 
ed that the pumps would be 
turned off at Geevor mine this 
weekend, which would mean 
it could not be reopened, 
because of flooding. 

Rio Tinto Zinc has an- 
nounced that it will dose its 
three mines with foe loss of 
1,000 jobs. 

Mr Peter Morrison, Minis- 
ter of State for Trade and 
Industry, repeatedly told MPs 
that an application for help 
from Geevor tin mines was 
being considered, but there 
was none from RTZ. 

The Cornish tin industry, 
which once boasted 600 
mines, has been hit by the fall 
in the world price of tin from 
£9,500 a tonne to below 
£4,000 in one year. 

Mr David Penhaligon, Lib- 
eral MP for Truro, predicted 
that prices would rise again. 

Mr Robin Maxwell- Hy slop. 
Conservative MP for Tiv- 
erton, and a member of the 
trade and industry select com- 
mittee, said it was better to 
"take a risk" over foe future 
price, of tin than suffer 

Mr Robert Hicks. Conser- 
vative MP for Cornwall South 
East, said that the delay in 
offering aid was causing frus- 
tration and annoyance. 

Parliament page 4 

Tin miners yesterday waiting to start their shift down the Wheal Jane (Photograph: John Voos). 

Subsidy the only hope for tin miners 

By Tim Jones 

A thousand Cornish tin min- 
ers were this week confronted 
with the prospect that they 
may be finished for ever. Not 
unexpected, the news was 
nevertheless devastating. 

Tin mining is hard and 
brutal: a face worker is old at 
45. sapped by working 
1.400 feet below ground in 
humid heatThe men were 
shaken by the announcement 
from Rio Tinto Zinc that it 
was to close its three mines in 
August unless "no practical 
solution is forthcoming". 

That means a huge subsidy 
from the Government to tide 
the industry over the crisis 
caused by foe default of foe 
International Tin Council in 
October last year and the 
subsequent failure of the 22 
member governments to agree 

a common cause of action. 

Since then, a Commons 
select committee on trade and 
industry has accused the Gov- 
ernment of "secrecy and 
incompetence” over its han- 
dling of the crisis and recom- 

mended financial support for 
foe industry. 

The price of tin has plum- 
meted from £9,500 a tonne to 
about £3,900 a tonne on the 
international spot market. 
Cornish tin is viable only if it 

p.-Tin mines < 

[.£&Satthe pi 

i production between L 
J&TISSO and 1873^f^- 


5 miles 

,. s CORNWALLg*‘f Bfl 

‘perranporth • 

Cornwall's tat fan- mines (right). 

sells for about £7,000 a tonne. 

Miners who work in Wheal 
Jane, South Crofty and Wheal 
Pendarves are convinced that 
if they can receive govern- 
ment help of about £50 mil- 
lion they can ride the storm 

Mr Peter Gatiey, aged 35, 
married with two children, 
said yesterday at foe rock face: 
“We all have commitments 
which match our earnings and 
if the mines close there is little 
hope of any other job." 

Another miner. Mr Jeff 
Parsons, who will travel to 
London today to plead foe 
case, said: “Considering tin is 
a prime natural resource 
which can meet half of 
Britain's needs it seems crazy 
to dose us down for short- 
term financial considerations. 
AH we are asking for is help to 
tide us over this bad patch." 

Gangs replace poachers 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 
The traditional local poach- man. He will have achieved often equipped with 

er with his “one for the pot' 
has been largely replaced by 
well-equipped criminal gangs. 
Mr Leonard Soper, Chief Con- 
stable of Gloucestershire, told 
a conference in London yes- 
terday of the Standing Confer- 
ence on Countryside Sports. 

The rewards of poaching on 
a large scale were likely to be 
considerable, whether for 
game, deer or fish, he said 

If thwarted or unsuccessful 
in poaching they would turn to 
other criminal activity. There 
were large, isolated properties 
in the countryside attractive 

"The modem poacher is 

some knowledge of the coun- 
tryside and sufficient of foe 
countryman's skills to enable 
him to catch or kill his quarry. 

"But he will certainly not 
have a countryman's sense of 
balance and proportion and 
feeling for foe countryside. He 
will certainly not be consider- 
ing foe well-being or liveli- 
hood of those who live in foe 
countryside, and he will not be 
considering foe well-being of 
or the question of cruelty to, 
his quarry." 

The modern poacher was 

not alone, was prepared to with hunt saboteurs and en- 
travel long distances and was swing that foe disruptions 
therefore not necessarily, per- well equipped Salmon poach- caused by “peace! convoys" 
haps unlikely to be, a country- ere in Gloucestershire were was kept within tight controls. 


Rovers, inflatable boats and 

They knew the law and foe 
extent of police powers and 
because they were likely to be 
members of a criminal frater- 
nity, they were likely to resort 
to violence, sometimes ex- 
treme violence, if there was a 
prospect of detection. 

Mr Douglas Hurd, Home 
Secretary, told the conference 
that foe new arrest powers 
under foe Public Order Bill 
\ provided, the ’ police with an 
i ; effective’ means ‘of dealing 

Study into 
choice of 
jury trial 

By Oar Legal Affairs 

The reason defendants 
choose to be tried at the crown 
courts by jury rather than by 
magistrates is to be studied in 
a £75.000 research project 
launched by the Lord 
Chancellor's Department. 

The research, to be under- 
taken at York University, is 
aimed at finding ways to cut 
the workload at crown courts 
which has substantially in- 
creased in recent years. ’ 

It also comes at a time when 
the Government proposes in 
its next criminal justice Bill to 
remove the right to trial by 
jury in the case of three 
offences to ease foe crown 
court workload. 

Defendants and their law- 
yers will be interviewed about 
their reasons for choice. 

Man in the news 

Moderate realist at union’s he! 


By Craig Seton 

Bill Jordan, who was 
confirmed yesterday as the 
new president of foe Amal- 
gamated Union of Engineer- 
ing Workers. Britain's second 
largest union, is regarded by 
the labour movement as a 
right winger and by those who 
know him well as a realist and 
a moderate. 

In the ballot to find a 
successor to Mr Terence Duf- 
fy. Mr Jordan polled 1 19.220 
votes and Mr John Tocher, 
the left-wing candidate, 

At a press conference in 
Birmingham yesterday Mr 
Jordan, aged 50. foe union's 
divisional organizer in the 
Midlands for 10 years, was 
keen to play down his reputa- 
tion as a “moderate." 

He said: "I may be regarded 
as a moderate, but I am 
avaricious for jobs and greedy 

for success that will bring 
wealth and a fair share of that 
wealth for working people." 

He said that as an engineer, 
he took a practical view of the 
modern world. "I think we 
have got to get away from 
some of the ideology of foe 
pasL I warn success for our 
industries. I want it for our 
union and I want it in jobs. 

"Our outlook has to be 
dominated by logic first - if an 
employer will not listen to 
logic, then and only then you 
have to resort to muscle." 

Mr Jordan, married with 
three grown-up daughters and 
about to become a grandfather 
for the fourth time, bailed foe 
result of foe ballot for foe 
presidency as a “great 

No one who had witnessed 
foe cut back and devastation 
of manufacturing industry 
could underestimate the dam- 

age tfr 

that had been done. 

pored to work for foe success 
of industry. 

Mr John Allen, district sec- 
retary of foe AUEW in Bir- 
mingham, who knows Mr 
Jordan well, said: "He is quite 
different from Teny Duffy, 
who was an instinctive fellow, 
whereas Bill will make sure he 
is well armed and well briefed 
before he challenges an em- 
ployer on foe facts. 

"He is a very deep research-^ 
er and a detailed negotiator. 

Mr Jordan takes up his new 
post on May 7. He intends to 
leave Birmingham and move 
to London with his wife, Jane. 

Mr Jordan is a passionate 
football follower, but his team, 
Birmingham City, has been 
relegated to foe second divi- 
sion. He said that his unstint- 
ing support showed his 
commitment to the underdog. 

Mr Jordan wants success for 
workers and industry 




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Local elections 

Alliance challenges Hatton 

By Peter Davenport 

Voters in the local elections 
in Liverpool have the oppor- 
tunity to do what the Labour 
Party leadership has so far 
failed to achieve: to end the 
Militant domination of city 
council politics. 

Liberal-SDP Alliance lead- 
ers in foe city are confident of 
achieving a big enough swing 
in foe May 8 election to make 
them foe biggest party and 
wrest control from Labour. 

Thirty-seven of foe 99 coun- 

cil seats will be contested next 
week: 17 held by Labour, 
seven by foe Tories and 10 by 
the Alliance. Of the Labour 
seats 13 are held by council- 
lors among foe 47 appealing 
against disqualification as a 
result of their rates rebellion. 

The main issue throughout 
foe campaign is foe perfor- 
mance of the Labour council 
during foe past few years and 
its tactics or financial confron- 
tation with the Government. 

if the Alliance achieves its 
targets foe composition of.tbe 

Tories put brave face 
on Scottish elections 

By Ronald Faux 

Scottish Conservatives said Rating reforms, among foe 

yesterday that they were "qui- 
etly confident" about their 
chances in the regional elec- 
tions on May S, which wfll be a 
difficult test in popularity. 

Conservatives run three of 
the nine Scottish regional 
councils, only one of them with 
an overall majority. 

The Government has no 
realistic hopes of winning 
ground elsewhere given its 
controversial policies in Scot- 
land, which have not been 
presented to the party's credit 

harsh legacies bequeathed by 
Mr George Younger to Mr 
Malcolm Rlfkind, his succes- 
sor as Secretary of State for 
Scotland, have received a 
Green Paper, but foe benefits 
of the change have not been 
generally grasped by Scottish 

The Conservatives are also 
feeling foe backlash from 
public spending cuts, foe do- 
sure of the Gartcosh steel 
plant and other issues which 
have put the Scottish Office 
team on the defensive. 

council will be: Alliance 47 
seats, Labour 45, Conserva- 
tives six. with one seat vacant 

However, if the 47 Labour 
councillors lose their appeal 
against disqualification fur- 
ther elections will have to be 
held for their seats within 42 
days and foe Alliance expects 
to win 16 and achieve overall 
control of the council. 

The Alliance says that a 
15 per cent swing on May 8, 
as achieved when they over- 
turned a 1. 000-vote Labour 
majority in foe Old Swan 
council by-election in Jamt- 
ary. would give them up to 
nine Labour seats. 

But foe crucial campaign is 
taking place in foe seven Tory- 
held seats foe Alliance must 
win to end Labour oontroL 
Four are in wards where 
Liberals already have council- 
lors and arc confident of 
victory. The other force, 
Allerton, Croxtefo and Wool- 
len. are solidly Conservative 
and are being fought by SDP 
candidates who are campaign- 
ing heavily to persuade Toiy 
electors that tactical voting is 
foe only means of ending foe 
reign of Mr Derek Hatton and 
his colleagues. 

Pany campaigners report 
“phenomenally good res- 
ponse" to their arguments. 

Mayors at 

A total of 400 mayore and 
Lord Mayors from forosghoat 
Britain joined Qieen Eliza- 
beth, the Queen Mother, at 
Westminster Abbey yesterday 
to celebrate foe nine-hun- 
dredth anniversary of the 
Domesday Book. 

It was one of the biggest ever 
gatherings of local authority 
leaders. The mayors, who had 
special, permission from the 
Lord Mayor of Westminster to 
wear their rtd robes and- 
c^emomal chains in the Ab- 
bey, were invited totbe service 
by foe Domesday. Committee. 

Their ^presence emphasized 
the importance of William foe 
Conqueror's book as a ibemida- 
tion stone for Britain's nation- 
al and local government. 

The Queen Mother, who 
later attendedthe Duchess of 
Windsor's funeral at Windsor, 
wore a black hat and coat. 

Several hundred dignitaries 
crowded into the Abbey, parts 
of which are older than the 
Domesday Book of 1086. 

Among them were Lord 
Hailsham of St Marylebone, 
foe Lord Chancellor, and Mr 
Bernard Weatherill, the 
Speaker of foe House of 

Mr Geoffrey Martin, the 
Keeper of Pnbtic Records told 
them: “There is nothing in our 
history quite like the Domes- 
day Book". 

In his address he praised its 
“confident professionalism" 
and thoroughness. A facsimile 
of the book was carried 
through the Abbey during foe 

over nurse 
home sale 

By Nicholas Timmins 
Social Services 

The Royal College of Nurs- 
ing yesterday challenged foe 
Government to issue guidance 
on foe sale of nurses’ 

The college has said that foe 
health service’s ability 1 to re- 
cruit staff and to respond to 
terrorist incidents or disasters 
was being threatened by plans 
to sell off nurses’ homes. 

Last week, Mr Norman 

Fowler, Secretary of State for 

Social Services, gave an un- 
dertaking that no nurse would 
be made homeless by the sale 
of “surplus" NHS accommo- 
dation. which ministers be- 
lieve could raise £1 70 million. 

But student nurses at foe 
RON'S annual congress in 
Blackpool said hundreds of 
colleagues had received letters 
giving them notice to quit 
Mr Trevor Clay, RCN gen- 
eral secretary, said foe college 
would take legal action if a 
health authority attempted to 
evict nurses. Mr .Fowler’s 
statement last week that au- 
thorities should retain accom- 
modation “as needed" for 
student nurses and other staff 
in areas such as inner dries 
had confused officials. . 

• Doctors must warn 
young girls seeking the: contra- 
ceptive pill that they were 
risking cervical cancer, by 
having sexual intercourse at' 
an early age. Mrs Rose Dixon, 
a cancer nurse in WirraL told 
foe congress. 




By Richard Evans 
Lobby Reporter 

A dispute broke out at 
Westminster last night over a 
House of Lords report approv- 
ing proposals to give Euro- 
MPs widespread immunity 
from criminal prosecution. 

The peers say that members 
of the European Parliament 
should be immunefrom arrest 
or criminal prosecution in 
respect of any acts except 
cri mes .of violence. 

Mr Edward Taylor, Conser- 
vative MP for Southend East 
and secretary of foe Conserva- 
tive European Reform Group, 
said: .“This is an outrageous 
proposal and I hope the Brit- 
ish Government wifi reject it" 
The only important immu- 
nity enjoyed by Westminster 
MPs is foe freedom of speech 
in proceedings in Parliament 
The report comes after a 
request by members of the 
European Parliament to inr 
crease their privileges and 
immunities. Strong reserva- 
tions over the proposals have 
been expressed by the Foreign 
Office, foe Home Office and 
the Lord Chancellor's 

The peers say foe European 
Parliament lacks the powers 
possessed by Westminster to 
protect itself and its members 

r 'nst interference by means 

Bui they insist the planned 
immunity should not apply to 
the arrest of a Euro-MP com- 
mitting, about to commit or 
having just committed an of- 

jgyRicItaid Evans 

’The" number of prisoners 
serving short sentences who 
have been released -early on 
.parole has increased more 
than 40-fold dining the past 
four years, it was disclosed 
yesterday. - 

Mr Dkvid Meltor, junior 
HOm& Office minister, dis- 
posed that 8s302 prisoners 
sentenced to between a year 
and 23 months in jail were 
granted parole in 1985. com- 
pared to just 201 in 1982 . 

The largest increase was 
between 1983 and 1984 When 
the figure increased from 202 
to 5,743. That was mainly due 
to foe reduction in the mini- 
mum qualifying period, for 

Mr Gerald Benningham, 
Labour MP for St Helens 
South, obtained the figures in 
a written Commons answer. 

• The process of reviewing 
applications from prisoners 
serving life sentences to be 
released on licoice has in- 
creased from six months to 
about 10, in spite of recent 
moves to simplify foe proce- 
dure. the Ombudsman said 
yesterday (Geoige Hill writes). 

He was commenting on a 
report on the case of a prisoner 
who had to wait more than 13 
months to hear whether he 
would be released. 

The Ombudsman accepts in 
his report that some lengthen- 
ing of the process seems 
“almost inevitable" without 
staff increases or streamlined 

Third Report. Session 1985- 
19S6. (HC 336. Stationery Of- 
fice. £ 7.50.) 

Dispute in 

Continued from page 1 

He claimed that the break- 
down in relations with the 
Governor came about because 
Mr Wall had masterminded a 
plan involving Assistant Gov- 
ernors and other senior mem- 
bers of management to take 
control of the main gate and 
keys to the prison and lock but 
pnson officers late on Monday 

He said the day shift of 70 
prison officers had been told 
'.they.' could' not enter the 
building unless they agreed to 
the Governor’s terms and 
signed “some sort of declara- 
tion of loyalty" 

The 125-strong branch of 
the POA at Gloucester had 
been incensed by the 
Governor’s threats, he said, 
and had passed a vote of no- 
confidence in him. They now 
wanted him removed. 

The prison officers at 
Gloucester deny that their 
protest is over the amount of 
money they wfll lose because 
of the new manning levels the 
governor wants imposed to 
meet Horae Office proposals. 

Inside the prison, Mr Dun- 
bar told a press conference 
that on Monday night the 
governor bad taken steps “to 
control foe rate of this prison 
because staff refused to accept 
his lawful orders". His action 
had been to secure access to 
and from the prison. 

Mr Dunbar told The Times 
that he was keen for talks 
between the Governor and the 
prison officers to go ahead, but 
first the warders had to accept 
foe governor’s authority. 



Important Spring Sales . 

At the Hotel Richemont! 

10-15 May 1986 


by Cartier. Sole: 15 May 1986 
Jewellery, Porcelain, Art Nouveau, Art Deco and 
Bookbindings; Silver, Gold Boxes and Objects 
of Verm, Faberge and Russian ^rks of Art, 
Watties and Fine Wines. 

The sales will be on view at the Hotel RiehemOnd 
from -9 May 10 a jh.- 6 p-iu. 

For catalogues and infonnarion,pl^ 


1204 Geneva 
Tel: (4122)382544 v. 

: 423634,. -V: 


8 King&reee, Stjames’i, 
London SWIY6QT 
T«d: (01) 839 9060 ■ 



. ..'{A 








Business stress is seen 
as important cause of 
accidents on roads 

By Michael Bail;, Transport Editor 

Stress among business exec- fleets rapidly were more likely preoccupied or distracted. 

to experience a high accident 

meeting in 

utives is emerging as a serious 
cause of road accidents, a 
conference of the British Med- 
ical Association was told 

Harassed managers and 
salesmen drive faster than 
they should as they worry 
about business problems, psy- 
chologists and insurance ex- 
perts told the 

Employees of computer 
companies, where competi- 
tion was fierce, were particu- 
larly vulnerable. On average a 
fleet of 100 cars in a computer 
companies had 100 accidents 
a year, compared with 40 
accidents per hundred cars in 
other companies. 

Companies which made 
rapid changes of personnel or 
policy, or expanded their 

level, the meeting was told. 
Drink was often suspected 
as a contributory factor, par- 
ticularly among top executives 
who resort to alcohol when 
cracking-up. The executive 
did not need to be over the 
drink limit to lose road judge- 
ment; drinks enjoyed days 
before could make Uie driver 
slap-dash or slow to react 
In a Department of Trans- 
port survey quoted at the 
conference, most car drivers 
involved in accidents were 
executives. Nearly one-fifth 
had alcohol within three hours 
before the crash. 

About 9 per cent of car and 
lorry drivers involved in acci- 
dents reported being anxious, 
depressed or confused, and 
slightly more said they were 

Hay fever victims 
face poor summer 

One cause identified by 
analysts from Hogg Robinson, 
the insurance brokers, which 
organized the conference, was 
lack of sensitivity by manag- 
ers. If they implied superior 
driving skill on their own part, 
they antagonized their drivers. 

One company suffered a 
sharp increase in accidents 
when its cars were replaced by 
vans, which were not liked. 
Drivers could not identify 
with them, the conference was 

Another car fleet suffered 
because the firm had a policy 
of no radios, which caused 
driver resentment. Hogg Rob- 
inson's risks management pro- 
gramme included sessions for 
company drivers on race 

But the most important 
aspect, according to Hogg 
Robinson, was understanding 
the drivers' point of view, and 
helping him to shape his 
emotions and motivations. 

Hay fever sufferers can 
expect a worse time this 
summer than they had last 
year, according to Dr Tom 
Smith, a general practitioner 
who has studied the effects of 
the allergy for five years. 

Last year. Dr Smith par- 
sued his researches among 
London tax! drivers, who had 
to open their windows fre- 
quently and travelled from 
area to area. He found that 
there were as many sufferers 
among taxi drivers as among 
the rest of the population. The 
symptoms showed no sign of 
abatement with age. 

Of 100 drivers who are 
victims, one quarter . had to 
give up driving for a time. 
Those using tablets were twice 
as likely as those using inhal- 

By Robin Yonng 

ers or injections to suffer from 
symptoms of drowsiness. 

Dr Smith said that the best 
advice to sufferers was to avoid 
going out before 11.0am or 
between 4.0pm and 7pm. At 
the seaside, however, pollen 
was carried out to sea in the 
morning and came back with 
the sea breezes in the eve- 

Only the most expensive car 
air-conditioners would be 

Dr Smith said that pollen 
counts were so localized as to 
be almost useless. Victims 
would do better paying atten- 
tion to weather forecasts, bear- 
ing in mind that any simny, 
warm day was likely to be a 
miserable one for them. 


University, a psychologist ad- 
vising the Department of 
Transport on safety research, 
said the average driver made 
an error every two miles. 
Psychological studies showed 
that accident rales were largely 
unrelated to the intelligence, 
personality, or physical fit- 

Dr Frank McKenna, a 
Reading University psycholo- 
gist, said studies showed most 
drivers considered themselves 
in the top 20 of safe drivers. 

Mr David Davies, research 
director at Hogg Robinson, 
said that firms' accident rates 
could be nearly halved by 
management programmes. In- 
surance brokers who had hith- 
erto seen themselves only as 
negotiators were now looking 
seriously at reducing accident 

Peggy, a dog whose exploits are to be the basis 
of a computer game, with her owner, Charmane 
Kerslake, aged nine, of Havant, Hampshire. 
The Afghan cross bitch twice alerted the 
family to potentially dangerous fires, mice 
when an electric blanket started smouldering 

and again when an oil heater went wrong in the 
garden shed. She thus won a Pet of tire Year 
competition organized by the computer games 
company, Mikro-Gen, and a £100 prize for her 
owner. The award was presented yesterday. 

(Photograph: Tim Bishop). 

Wife ‘killed in nightmare 

A weeping husband yester- 
day relived at the Centra] 
Criminal Court a “nightmare” 
of* fighting Japanese soldiers 
which he claims caused him to 
strangle his wife. 

Colin Kemp, aged 34, a 
father of three, said that he 
throttled his wife, Ellen, aged 
33, to death during a dream in 
which be was “strangling a 

Japanese soldier”. 

He said he woke to find his 
wife lying dead across his left 
arm and “panicked”. 

He told the jury in tears that 
he tried to wake her and 
slapped her face“I couldn't 
feel a pulse. I just went barmy. 

“I had never heard of 
anybody ever doing anything 
violent in their sleep before.” 

Mr Kemp, a sales represen- 
tative, of Abbot's Walk, 
Caterham. Surrey, pleads not 
guilty to the murder of his wife 
on August 8 last year. 

Mr Robin Simpson, QC for 
the prosecution, claims that 
the story of the dream is a lie 
and that he deliberately 
killed his wife. 

The trial continues today 

call for 
of rules 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs! Correspondent 

Solicitors would have far 
greater freedom to attract 
business, to advertise their 
services and acccept work 
introduced by contacts such as 
building societies under wide-, 
ranging reforms to their pro- 
fessional practice rules 
proposed yesterday 

The reforms are outlined in 
a consultation paper by the 
Law Society’s contingency 
planning wonting party which 
is aimed at enabling solicitors 
to “project themselves in the 
new competitive environ- 

Solicitors should not do 
anything in obtaining work 
“which compromises or im- 
pairs. clients’ freedom oi 
choice, the solicitors' indepen- 
dence, his duty to act in the 
best, interests of the client, his 
good repute or his proper 
standard of work,” the paper 

"ft t the continuation of the 
profession as a strong, inde- 
pendent legal profession de- 
pends on “economic 

Among the proposals are 
that touting should no longer 
be specifically prohibited un- 
der the practice rules, al- 
though solicitors will still be 
, expected to abide by general 
principles - of . behaviour that 
would not permit touting. 

The paper also proposes a 
new . practice rule for .work to 
be introduced by institutions 
to be recognized under tbe 
Building Societies Bill to em- 
ploy solicitors to do convey- 

On advertising, a revision 
of the code is suggested so that 
any advertising would be al- 
lowed unless specifically 

The proposals are being sent 
to the. profession for consulta- 
tion and have yet to go before 
the Law Society's council. 


Three regular real 
71*0 shared yestcr 
£4,000 prize, in the 
Gold competition. 

The personnel man 1 
of a chain of fashion . 

Mrs Antonia Paul, of \\l- 

worth, sooth London, said 

was absolutely delighted *lth 
her win. _ , 
Mrs Eleanor Phillips, aged 
81, of Cockfosters, Barnc . 
Hertforsbire. said she wtU 
spend her prize on her family. 

Mr Percy Hogg, a ret™ 
personnel manager, was also 
pleased by his lock yesterday. 

“We have never woo any- 
thing before. I hope I'm on a 
winning streak now, Mr 
Hogg, of Cromer, Norfolk, 

Yon wflj need tbe new 
Portfolio Gold card to play the 
game. If you have any difficul- 
ty ob taining one from your 
newsagent, send an sa«. to: 
Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 






Mis Phut who is delighted 
with her win. 

Two killed 

Two men died and one was 
seriously injured when a Jodel 
1050 aircraft crashed near 
Epping, Essex, yesterday. Two 
civilians and two soldiers were 
injured in a separate incident 
when mechanical problems 
forced an Army helicopter 
down at Hudswell near Rich- 
mond, North Yorkshire. 

BBC receives eight awards 

Eight of the 11 winners of 
this year's Television and 
Radio" Industries Dub awards, 
which were presented at the 
club's annual luucheon yester- 
day, were BBC programmes or 

■Terry Wogan, named BBC 
Television Personality of the 
Year, won his third TRIG 
award, and the 1984 winner of 
the Radio Personality of the 
Year award. John Dunn, won 

By Peter DavalJe 

again this year for his Radio 2 
show. Other awards; Televi- 
sion Personality of the Year 
(1BA). Anne Diamond of TV- 
am’s Good Morning Britain: 
TV Programme of the Year, 
EastEnaers (BBC); TV Pro- 
gramme of the Year (IBA). 
Spitting Image: TV Situation 
Comedy of the Year, ‘Alio. 
‘A Ho (BBC); Television News- 
caster/Presenter of the Year, 
Frank Bough (BBC); Best 

Science-Based Programme of 
the Year, Tomorrow's World 
(BBC); Sports Presenter of the 
Year. Jimmy Greaves (BBC); 
Radio Programme of the 
Year, Capital Radio's Net- 
work Chart Show; Television 
Theme Music of the Year, 
Simon May and Leslie Os- 
borne for Howard's Way 
(BBC). BBC Radio 4's Wo- 
man's Hour, in its fortieth 
year, won the. club's special 

Stars to defy Equity’s 
South Africa ruling 

By Michael Horsnell 

A challenge to the left-wing 
domination of Equity, the 
actors' union, over its ban on 
performances in South Africa 
was delivered yesterday by a 
number of stars, led by Mr 
Derek Bond, the union's for- 
mer president. 

A letter to Equity from 
hundreds of actors, including 
Peter O'Toole, Dinah Sheri- 
dan. Barbara Murray and 
Dinsdalc Landen. rejected the 
union's right to instruct mem- 
bers on a political issue. 

Mr Bond resigned as presi- 
dent four weeks ago. with only 
two months of his two-year 
term of office to run. after the 
union, backed by a majority of 
only 3.000 of its 32.000 mem- 
bership who voted on the 
issue, decided on its South 
Africa ban. 

Mr Bond, who is appearing 
in The Amorous Prawn in 
Belfast, told The Times: “This 
is a statement to council to 
bring to its attention the 
stupidity of issuing an instruc- 

tion which won't be obeyed by 
many leading members of 

“The union isn't our mas- 
ter, it’s our servant Is it going 
to tell us we mustn't perform 
in the United States bemuse of 
the Libya bombing or Russia 
because of the Afghanistan 
invasion? Where does it end? 

“It’s not an argument about 
apartheid but the right of Lhe 
union to which we have to 
belong to give us an instruc- 
tion of this kind. If it stands 
we shall disobey this instruc- 
tion. We have pledged our- 
selves never to play before 
racially segregated audiences 
and that is of moral value.” 

No one was available for 
comment at Equity's London 

• The union, which has also 
banned the export of sound 
and recorded material to 
South Africa. was yesterday 
commended for its action by 
the United Nations special 
committee against apartheid. 

Fear over hang gliders 

By A Staff Reporter 

Hang glider enthusiasts are 
working to reassure other air 
users that a new way of getting 
airborne is safe. 

Hang glider pilots usually 
manhandle their wings to the 
top of a hill to soar from the 
summit or glide down again, 
but it is physically tiring and 

"He British Hang Gliding 
Association has developed a 
system of launching hang 
gjiders by tow wire and winch 

and this increases flying time 
and opens the flattest country- 
side to the sport. 

But reports that some glid- 
ers have been flown like a kite 
by the winch crew to heights of 
6,000 feet have alarmed heli- 
copter operators and aircraft 

They arc unhappy at the 
prospect of 6.000 fret of 
virtually invisible piano wire 
hanging in the air. 

for Roux 

The brothers Albert and 
Michel Roux, proprietors of 
Le Gavroche restaurant in 
Mayfair, London, and the 
Waterside Inn at Bray, Berk- 
shire. yesterday joined the 
most renowned chefs of 
France as recipients of the 
annual Personnalite de 
L’Annfce awards presented by 
an international jury con- 
vened by Pierre Sennegon in 

Also honoured, and first 
among English wine experts to 
win such an award in the 16 
years of their presentation, 
was Mr Michael Broadbeni. 
Master of Wine, director of 
the wine department at 

by design 

About 100,000 artist-de- 
signed bottles of 1981 Tait- 
tinger champagne were 
offered for sale in London 
yesterday costing £50 each. 

The company decided sev- 
eral years ago to commisssion 
artists to design both the 
bottles and labels for excep- 
tional vintages, which would 
be sold as collectors' items. 
The 1981 vintage was de- 
signed by tbe French artist, 

AuStL Sell 29: B*WURI B FT* SO. 
Canada S2-7B: canartn P» 200 
Cyprus 70 cents: Denmark Dkr 9.00: 
Finland Mkk 9.00: France Fra 8.00; 
Cermany DM 3.60: GOnaMar 60 k 
O wrrBr iaa Houana a 3.50: IW*H 
Republic 40p; Italy L 2.700: Luxem- 
U 4& Madeira Esc 170: MU 

CUT 10.00: Norway Kr 

9.00: Pakistan Rns IB: Portugal Esc 
170: Singapore Sfl .50: Sp ain p es 200: 
Sweden Skr 9XK*. Switzerland S 
Francs 5 OO: Tunisia Dm ho.oo. USA 
Si. 75: Yugoslavia Din 400. 

Cancer research given £4m boost 

Cancer research at two Scot- 
tish centres is to receive more 
than £4 motion it was dis- 
closed yesterday. 

The Leukaemia Research 
Fond announced a grant of 
£2 million to Glasgow 
University’s veterinary school 
to set up a research unit into 
human leukaemia viruses. 

The Imperial Cancer Re* 
search Fond said it was also 
going to spend £400,000 a year 
on research into more effective 
and less traumatic treatment 
of all forms of cancer at the 
clinical oncology department 
Of the Western General Hospi- 
tal in Edinburgh. That was in 
addition to the £2 million the 
fond has already pot into the 
Edinburgh research. 

By Ronald Faux 

Professor John Smyth, head 
of tbe department, said trials 
using high doses of a drag 
combination to treat small cell 
lung cancer, the fastest grow- 
ing form of the disease, had 
increased the number of suf- 
ferers living for two years or 
more from 5 per cent to 26 per 

Small cell long cancer ac- 
counts for about one third of 
ail long cancer, 95 per cent of 
which is believed to be caused 
by smoking. Professor Smyth 
said there was an enormous 
middle area in the treatment of 
cancer w here a core couW not 
necessarily be offered but 
where more and more effective 
treatment could be offered. 

The new tmit in Glasgow, 

claimed lo be the first of its 
kind m the world, wfl] continue 
the work carried out by Profes- 
sor William Jarre tt, head of 
the department of veterinary 
pathology and his colleagues. 
Their research has shown that 
leukaemia in cats is usually 
associated with Infection by a 
retro vims an important cause 
of anaemia and a variety of 
Aids (acquired immune defi- 
ciency syndrome) in cats. 

Studies in America have 
shown that the same family of 
viruses were the main cause Of 
one rare form of human 
leukaemia and another virus 
from the same family was a 
cause of Aids. 

fi ft.-: 

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T APRIL 29 1986 

Nuclear accident 










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: ~>sians pressed to 
give full details of 
nucl ear disaster 


-Mo&sley Hill. Lfc What help and 


advice were requested of the 

Atomic Energy Authority in 
fighting fires raging following 

J&s Margaret Thatcher, the .[T IT 0 
ftttne Minister, reassured the r __ 

Commons duringquestrontime W ' hal , “ flo I lier 

taliwlimiȣ?SSSSS Sժ 5 ?, rc ^ 

had failed to So v * tft Union and other coun- 

^ <ri« io combai leaks of radio- 

L'niied. k ; n JwrUn 10 !l e active waste and for containing 

repotted c ' P ,osion after such ,eaks? 

Mrs Thatcher We have not 
SrKrtiStt--. r received any request for help - 

Suite fhrthp F^. W ' Secre *f I >‘ of Which is perhaps not surprising 

i" »’! to enramsumcos. «, ara 

~ tinHunraem. in a 

brief statement on the accident 
said that a disturbing feature 
was the way tu which knowledge 
of u had emerged, not from the 
Soviet Govern menu but by 
monitoring in other countries. 

He urged the Soviet Govern- 
ment to give a full account of 
what had happened and the 
steps that had been taken to 
bring the incident under control. 
Present evidence suggested 
there was no danger to the UK. 
but the situation, would con- 
tinue to be monitored carefully. 

He pointed out that they did 
not know- with any certainty the 
precise nature ot the incident 
but it was clear that there might 
have, been significant casualties. 
Mrs Thatcher told MP$ that 
there was a duty on countries to 
report accidents through the 
International Atomic Energy 

Reaction in the Commons to 
the Soviet accident was first 
raised bv Mr Gerald Bowden 
( Dulwich. C) who asked: In view 
of the widespread alarm about 
reports of leaks from the nuclear 
installation in the So* ici Union, 
would she reassure the House 
and nation that our own security 
checks and monitoring system 
would pretent such an occur- 
rence in the UK? 

... .... circumstances. 

not in a position to make an 
assessment The British nuclear 
industry has very High stan- 

•Reacting later to Mr Baker's 
comments. Dr John Conning- 
ham, chief Opposition spokes- 
man on the environment. — 
whose Copeland constituency 
contains the SeJlafirld nuclear 
reprocessing plant — suggested 
that the Government should 
make strong and immediate 
representations to the Soviet 
Union over the need for the 

Cunningham; Make 
immediate representations 

Mrs Thatcher: Wc have very- 
high standards of safety, design, 
construction and maintenance 
of nuclear plants. 

Mr Tony Benn (Chesterfield. 
Labi, a former Secretary of State 
for Energy; .As this clearly is a 
very serious accident in the 
Soviet nuclear power station 
and the Americans have refused 
to build a pressure water reactor 
for nine years because of safety 
anxieties! will she give an assur- 
ance that there will be no 
decision abou; building a PWR 
at Sizewel! until there has been a 
full report on the Soviet ac- 
cident and the House has an 
opportunity to take into account 
the very large number of issues 
raised, including the leaks at 
Sellafield and the decision to sell 
British plutonium to America 
for their weapons programme? 

Mrs Thatcher: He is in a 
position to know the very high 
standards of safety’ »e exact in 
the construction of our nuclear 
plants and the high standards of 
our. nuclear installations 

We shall have to await the 
report of the inquiry into 
Sizewell before taking any 

Mr Alex Fletcher (Edinburgh 
Central. C) said that there had 
been a callous and irresponsible 
failure by the Soviet Govern- 
ment to give the earliest possible 
warning about the dangers of 
nuclear fall-out. to say nothing 
of lack of advice to their own 

Will the Prime Minister take 
the earliest opportunity; (he 
asked Ho condemn the action of 
the Soviet Union directly and 
through the European Commu- 
nity and the United Nations? 

Mrs Thatcher 1 understand the 
Swedish and Finnish govern- 
ments were only informed after 
radioactive clouds had reached 
their territory. There is a duty, 
through the International 
Atomic Energy Agency, to re- 
port accidents. . : . 

Mr David Alton (Liverpool, 

fullest and most urgent disclo- 
sure of all information about the 
nature and scale of the accident. 

Could Mr Baker confirm that 
a graphite moderated reactor in 
a station comprising four light- 
waicr reactors, apparently with- 
out secondary’ containment, had 
been on fire for several days? 

What information was there 
about the nature of the radio- 
active emissions? Would the 
British Government respond 
positively to any requests from 
the Soviet Union for assistance? 
Were there any nuclear stations 
or this type in the UK? (Conser- 
vative protests). 

Would any additional mon- 
itoring be required in the United 
Kingdom and what liaison was 
taking place with other Euro- 
pean Governments on the na- 
ture of the contamination? 

Would the Government join 
with other European Govern- 
ments to request international 
inspection of the site and con- 
sequences of the accident? 

Mr Baker said the Secretary of 
State for Energy (Mr Peter 
Walker) bad already asked for 
full details of the accident 

He could not confirm details 
about a continuing fire. The 
British Government had not 
been asked for assistance, but if 
scientific help was requested 
and the British Government 
could be heipftil. such assistance 
would be made available. 

. There were no such power 
stations in the United Kingdom. 
(Labour cry. of: “Vet yet”). 
Monitoring by the National 
Radiological Protection Board 
at Oxford and Glasgow with 
gamma monitors had found no 
increase in radioactivity at the 
moment. The Ministry of .Agri- 
culture. Fisheries and Food 
were checking the position. 

.The Central Electricity Gen- 
erating Board power stations 
had monitoring equipment and 
there was no indication of 
increases in radioactivity. 

The Soviet Union was a 
member of the international 
atomic authority and he hoped 
it would be able. through them, 
to make available information 

about the accident, because it 
was valuable for the industry 
worldwide to know as much as 

Mr Patrick Jenkin (Wansread 
and Woodford. O. former Sec- 
retary of State for the Environ- 
ment: Many of Dr 

Cunningham's questions would 
have been better addressed to 
the Soviet Government. 
/Conservative cheers) 

Is there not a remarkable 
contrast between the reticence 
of the Soviet authorities about 
what is obviously an extremely 
serious accident, and the open- 
ness of the system in western 
governments, most recently 
exemplified by the statement of 
the new chairman of British 
Nuclear Fuels Ltd which has 
been so warmly welcomed by 
environmental interests in this 
country? _ 

Mr Baker There is, unfortu- 
nately. a striking contrast be- 
cause we have the public 
opinion of our people to be 
concerned about and it is right 
and proper we should put our 
cards on the table and be open as 
we are in ail these matters. 

I have been speaking today to 
representatives of our team of 
nuclear inspectors and confirm- 
ing with them that in our 
nuclear policy safety is ab- 
solutely paramount Nuclear en- 
emy must carry the conviction 
ofzhe people and this can only 
be done with very vigorous 
safetv standards. 

Mr David Alton: The British 
Council has said there are about 
100 students and teachers in the 
region. What efforts are being 
made in Moscow and Leningrad 
to contact them and ascertain 
their safety? , _ 

He is criticising the lack of 
information coming from the 
Soviet Union but the Govern- 
ment is running a tight rein over 
the information it makes avail- 
able on our own nuclear in- 
dustry. Far loo much secrecy 
surrounds it in this country. 

Mr Baker: He does his cause no 
good by exaggerating. There is 
openness and frankness in deal- 
ing with this. It is one of the 
most regulated industries with a 
vast number of checks and 

Regarding the students, our 
embassy in Moscow is checking 
on them. We think there are 
some students in Minsk which is 
about 100 KM north of the 

Mr Tony Benn: Before he is too 
ready to criticize the conceal- 
ment. which like him 1 strongly 

regret, will he look to see that 

..hen there was a major nuclear 
explosion in 1958 in the Soviet 
Union it was monitored by the 
CIA which notified the Atomic 

Energy Authority in Britain and 
told the 

WM . „.em not to make it public 
for fear it might cause anxiety 
about nuclear power. There are 
many other examples. 

There is a growing number of 
people who believe the time has 
come to phase out nuclear 


Mr Baker 

He would be on 
stronger ground if the Soviet 
Union had told the world about 
this when it occurred rather than 
us learning about it from mon- 
itoring in other countries. 1 
would strongly contest his view 
that there is less than frankness 
in our own industry. 

He later said that in Britain 
there had been no full-scale 
major incident in 25 years in 
operating civil power stations. 

Mr Richard Alexander (New- 
ark, O: Would he give advice on 
how to deal with the Greenpeace 
protestors and other environ- 
mental groups no doubt at this 
moment massing outside the 
Soviet Embassy? (Laughter). 

Mr Baker The protests arc 
likely to be much greater in 
western capitals this weekend 
than you are ever going to hear 
in Moscow. 

State aid 
for tin 


More could not have tow done 
by the Government in the last 
few weeks to try » resolve the 
position of the Cornish an 
mining industry, Mr Peter Mor- 
rison, Minister of State for 
Trade and Industry, smd m 
reply to a private notice question 
is the Commons. ’ 

Mr David PenfwligotrfTniro, L) 
raised the issue by asking fora 
statement on the Government's 
intention for the future « ®e 

Mr Morrison: The Government 
has made ft dear it is wBlmg » 
consider applications for assis- 
tance towards the cost ot 
projects which will make the 
arises competitive in a free tm 

An application from Ceevor 
Tin Mines is already being 
considered. An application from 
the Rio Time Zinc Group to 
expected shortly . Both wiD -be 
assessed as rapidly as possible 
Mr David Harris (St Ives, O 
qaM there was a desperate 
situation at Geevor where it was 
likely the pomps were about to 
be switched off. if that happened 
the mine would be flooded new 
to reopen. Could not the Govern- 
ment provide assistance to keep 
the pomps going at least untfl 
the application by the mine had 
been decided? 

Mr Morrison said the Govern- 
ment accepted the need to move 
as fast as possible and on that 
would depend whether or not 
there could be care and mainte- 
nance work. ■ 

Mr Stanlev Cnnrther (Roth- 
erham, Lab) said it would be 

Jail dispute 

Prison officers 

Finance Bill 


disgrace fhl if a British industry 
which contributed many millions 

of pounds a year to the economy 
were allowed to die for lack of 
help from the Government. 

Mr Morrison said the Govern- 
ment was looking carefully at 
the applications to see whether 
they could meet the test of 
viability. More care could not be 

Mr Robin Maxwell-Hyslop 
(Tiverton. O said the problem of 
the test of viability was that it 
depended on tbe movement of 
world prices of tin maybe fo ur or 
five years ahead and that figure 
could not be predicted. Would it 
not be sensible for the Govern- 
ment to take a risk to support 
employment rather than suffer- 
ing unemployment? 

Mr Morrison said that if there 
was to be in vestment in any of 
the mines in Cornwall it most be 
aimed at reducing" the cost of 

• During question time -in die 
House of Lords Lard Lucas of 
Chiltrorth, Under Secretary’ of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
said assistance would be 
commensurate with future op- 
erations being viable. It was not 
the Government's policy to pro- 
vide operating subsidies. 

A circular win be issued tomor- 
row (Wednesday) to the courts 
containing advice on the im- 
plications for them of the dis- 
pute with the Prison Officers’ 
Association. Mr Douglas Hard, 
tbe Horne Secretary, announced 
in a statement in tbe Commons. 
I will consider (he added) any. 
further measures which, may be 

He made -a further appeal to 
prison officers to look at tbe 
partage of proposals he. bad 
placed before them and to judge 
whether it was worth throwing 
that away by taking further 
industrial action. The Govern- 
ment, he said, could not conduct 
talks under such a continuing 
threat m this vital public 

Tbe sort of industrial action 
already seen at Gloucester 
Prison was unacceptable. Tbe 
Government would take all 
posable steps to sustain the 
right of governors to manage 
their , prisons and to protect 
prisoners and public from tbe 
consequences of POA action. 
Prison officers deserved to be 

ing the militant action that has 
token place, ! ask him to bear in 
mind the prison officers in 
Gloucester have been under 
considerable pressure as a result, 
among other things, of the 
presence of a special unit in the 
prison. At least one prisoner is 

not io use that “sS 

Suffering from Aids. 
They bav 

_ive a long history of 

fine service, of non-militancy, _ 
and I hope he will bear this in 
mind when discussions resume. 
Will he give an undertaking he 
will take whatever steps nec- 
essary Jf things g?i out of hand to 
protect the - citizens of 
Gloucester? ■ _ 

Mr Him!: Yes. 1 do not believe 
there is any threat to the security 
of Gloucester prison. Not only 

well paid, but the heav^burdCT 

of overtime must-be 

and there must be increased 
efficiency. Progress towards for- 
mal discussions about a range of 
new systems designed to meet 
all these objectives was being 
made when the call for indus- 
trial action went out. 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, chief 
Opposition spokesman on 
home affairs, said prison officers 
carried out a duly and dan- 
gerous job in increasingly diffi- 
cult conditions caused, by the 
collapse of. tbe Government’s 
law and order policy and by the 
record crime wave which bad 
produced a huge increase in the 
prison population and unprece- 
dented overcrowding. 

Why not agree that there was 
a proper and sensible role for 
prison officers in deciding safe 
manning levels, particularly 
since the POA had offered to 
instruct its members to take no 
further action while talks were 
going on? It was a sensible way 
to solve these difficulties. 

Mr Hard said the neglect the 
prison service was suffering was 
the neglect of previous govern- 
ments to do anything about 
prison conditions. The Govern- 
ment had staffed over and 
above the increase in prison 

We were (he continued) very 
near agreement last week. We 
wrote on what he is talking 
about - the role of the POA in 
being consulted about manning 
levels. I wrote them a letter and 
they wrote back indicating this 
was very near to what they bad 
in mind. 

Then (he went on) industrial 

« *■- 

Circular to ti»coim^ ^ .j, 

and Morl«. "SfeKli 

ment that was «eari> aoue 
few days ago. *°uW « JSJ 
oublic discussions to udl 

he told US what K was. . 

Mr Hard: t will pul ■» 

■rota of POA in being 

SEsaSd and discustung man; 
.ping levels. I otl dsscw» 
ihefpay claim which £ 

about to be negotiated «uj 
Treasury but «wnoi be m 
Dresent circumstances, *«** 
compensation on 

9 nm anil ihe whole qUCStlOU. Ot 


staff on 

h ousing 


Stanbrook: No strike 
agreement needed 

in Gloucester, but elsewhere, 
what she has said is true. No one 
has been dismissed as a result of 
these activies. If the POA agree 
to work normally under, the 
instructions of management, 
thev win be reinstated. 

Mr Stephen Ross (Isle of Wight. 
Lt Niggling things have been 
introduced within the -prison 
service, particularly ai Albany, 
with payments due to prison, 
officers wiihekL niggling restric- 
tions. and prison ofnceis on 
night duty at a dangerously low 

Mr Hard: We have been recruit- 
ing prison officers substantially 
faster than the rise in numbers 
in prisons. 

I do not believe we are using 
these prison officers correctly. 1 
am sure that are all kinds of 
rigidities and restrictive prac- 
tices which discussions with rhe 
POA may resolve and this 
would increase resources avail- 
able for all kinds of purposed in 
the prison service. This is what I 
want to get on with but I cannot 
do h in yesterday’s circum- 
stances. when in theory action 
was suspended but in practice it 
was raging. 

Mr Peter Bnunrels (Leicester 
East, Ck Can he give confirma- 
tion there will be no surrender 
and the courts will not be 
deterred from giving custodial 
sentences, and everything pos- 
sible will be done to ensure a 

^a^bewhofe question 
working practices which \ 
already discussed. This is toe 
agenda l want to get on 
Mr Jeffrey Rooker (8‘r- 
mingham. PCitv BarriLaWRud 
it was better for rmiusiers to 
visit* prison like V* inson Gtcct 
in the earfy hours ol 
. morning when slopping 

going on. rather than at midday. 

. Then they would see the real 
effects of overcrowding. 

Mr Hurd agreed that stopping 
: out was a scandal, but it bad its 
roots way back. 

It took a lot of money and 
time to put that right, but these 
things were being put right, and 
that - included tntesral 

Mr Iror Stanbrook (Orpington. 

- C) suggested a oo-wrike agree- 
ment- be instituted for prison 
officers together with any 

Mr Honk I have a tot of 

- sympathy with what he sajs. It 
is a matter to whhdi we will need 
to give consideration." • 

Mr Grevilfe Jannw (Leicester 
Wcsl Lab): Any such enforce- 
ment revolving, -prison officers 
would be. very deeply reseated 

- and would remove from them a 

freedom to which they are 
entitled. •• 

Mr Hard said it was not a 
question of imposing a no-strike 
agreement, mhtr afewraderi ng 
an agreement. Thai was what be 
had said required conskferation- 

if industrial, action , went 
ahead, ihetwsnessof the courts 
would inevitably be disrupted. 
The circular would suggest ways 
of reducing the burden . on ihe 
police by adjourning cases, or 

granting .boil immediately « 

would draw attention to the 

Bill to protect 

one won W * «*** » 

SJSsStt 8g5, 


He said be hoped 
noT *S£ht the record. wb£b 
SSb# people were q wte 

Since th* n** 

mas qpooaaced last Jut}, uhoaf 

2 M fenert h»d been 

some cases 

expressed dot staff might he 
jSas a result rf th» *>***» 
He «» replying to Mr 

Date (Batterw UWwte «jd 

there was «* widespread 
•ty among ouritii anedhaey 
SLrSjStar. ~rlta* ta to 
\HS that they would be 
^ressarired to brave ttetf hemes, 
xnd who had asked for am 


assurance that «M» _»h» 
worked to the NHS wotod be 
forcibly olctcd «r remowd worn 
their homes. 

Mr Dennis Can**« 

West, U5):A lot of the >HS 
Hite accommodation w in an 
appaftin* stare of disrepair be- 
cause Crown, immmuty tw»l« 
the heal tli authorities from the 
obtheaifou* to carry out the 
necessary repair*. W*B the rato- 
feter abolish Crown fasuntmty? 

Mr Hay hoe: One of the 'J*** 
trves of *•**■ we**** otum of 

men me went uui iumwuuu $iDte win oe ensure, a 
action foUbwed- They said rhey -proper ballot of «dL _piisoa 
would be willing -to suspend it. "'officers ‘before -anv timber 
but it wps not suspended. In industrial action- is taken?. 
Ihose. circumstances. dis»_ Mr Hind: There has .been, 
ciinott can only, fruitfully take ballot- which empowers the oa- 
place if the whole problem s of ^ exceptive ter lake mdtis-‘ 

industrial action is resolved "by " action. 1 1 does ool compel 
their callin ' ’ ' * " 

Mrs Sally Oppenbeim aeciae in xnc uneresi> ui uicu 
(Gloucester. Ck While deplor- members and the pnson service 

Sally Oppenbeim decide in the interests 

them to do so. 1 hope they wiU 
; of their 

Mr David Wbsrfck fWakaR 
North. Lab) was.given leave.; 
under the ID-minute ruleprooe-- 
ddre. to bring in a Bill prOMdm& 
for balioobf stereboktosond 

employees before: companies 
could, establish political funds, 
from- which to make donations 
to polrtieal parties. It would afeb 
limit tbe total amount wfcwb spent by a part y duri ng j 
a general election campaign. 
The Bill was read a first time. 


The stamp duty on American 
depositary receipts is to be only 
1.5 per instead of the 5 percent 
proposed in the Budget, Mr 
John MacGregor. Chief Sec- 
retary to the Treasury, an- 
nounced when he moved second 
reading of the Finance Bill in the 
Commons. He said that the rate 
of 1.5 percent would apply from 
March 19. The charge on loan 
stock is also being dropped. 


He also announced that the 
Government had decided to 

remove the constraint imposed. _ - - 

by titfe Banking Act preventing. l P* prospect now (he aid) b 
companies from financing for low inflation combined with 
themselves by" issuing sterling sustainable growth. 

tbe eight million home owners 
with mortgages and would 
contribute to reduced inflation 

commercial paper — sterling 
debt securities of less than one 
year maturity. The establish- 
ment of such a market should be 
a useful alternative to bank 
borrowing, he said, and extend 
the range of sterling markets 
available in London to 

He said that the concern was 
only to protect the tax revenue 
and not to discourage American 
investment in British 

Mr MacGregor said that the 
lowering of interest rates by 
major building societies and 
banks would be a direct help to 

The most important change 
in the Finance Bill for most 
taxpayers was the reduction of 
basic income tax rate. Tbe 
Government’s objective had 
been and remained to reduce the 
burden of income tax to apply at 
all levels of income 
Labour proposals, apart from 
increasing the severity ofcapital 
taxation and reintroducing 
investment surcharge, would 
also mean imposing a 70 per 

cent tax rate bn aH taxable 

- income above £18.600. That 
. was hardly the way to retain 

incentives in die economy and 

- encourage enterprise and risk- 
taking. If Labour ever returned 
10 power their commitment 

- would be a job destroyer. 

The prop osal for a I per cent 
cut in base rate was rdaiivety 
modest. The overall effect of 
this year’s changes was not 
inconsiderable but the ‘ cu- 
mulative effect of successive 
Conservative budgets was sery 
. considerable. Tbe income tax 
receipts in 1986 t& 7 would be £8 
billion lower than if the rates 
and allowances of 1979 had 
been indexed to 1986-87 levels. 

tbe present policy 
jt qmdiif nf vacant and surplus 
property to to prttitaw the 
resources which can be ploughed 
fed to modernise, bring up to a 
decent standard existing 

Mr Michael Morris (Northamp- 
ton Sooth, Ck The outlaw 
waoM be if the Government «*** 
to perfect the massive amount »f 
property * currently in MIS 
ownership which deserves to hr 
developed for the better care of 
potfrois rather than the rather 
haptiaxard way to which it to 
-CKrtmtty distributed. 

Mr Hayboc He to right There. 
. are substantial resource* locked 
opto this property which ran he 
disposed ot and the resource* 
med for the benefit of patients 

■: Ai-the jnoadrt (he added 
later) more l)to 90 per cent of 
qualified wm* are not Brins to 
this . accommodation, . The 
ponktdarsfrrtopototsare often 
to the toner city areas. 

Mr Michael Meaeber, chief 
OpMsfrfcm spokesman on 
heri&jwd social security' t> » 
SO '-pid cent: of norsea and 
•acBtototodd he forced to 
kavrthe* NHS tonnes to the 

next two years. (Conservative 

SihbafS , :?rrr - , 

Contrary to the taprfetotan be 
has given, ware health services 
totro already femped tbe roo 
and already started eriatog staff 
evetT though 5lwy, are sopposed 
v haroat ieast a yam to make 

How ran * third-year learner 
narse oft £4^W a year find aay 
home to Lnadoa where (hits are 
at fees) £S0 a week, which to 
almost- her entire - rake-home. 
P«>? - 

Mr Hnyttoe^ He hM gto bto 
figures wrong. The intention is 
chat prorisfoo sboold be made 
for student omses. 


-t' i 

Debate ion 
public order 

Commons (Z30b Public Older 
Bill, remainit^ stages. 

Lords (2.30): Debate on spetai 
effects of Govenamcnl policiev^ 

Barclays Bank PLC 
announces to existing borrowers that 
on and after 1st May 1986 
Barclays Home Mortgage Rate will be 
decreased from 1234% to 

per annum. 


i. 1 1- «--■** -p.'.h 

Dispute at 

club ends 

Gabrielle Crawford, the for- 
mer wife of Michael 
Crawford, the star of 
Barnum, yesterday accepted a 
“substantial” settlement in a 
job dispute with David Lloyd, 
the tennis player. 

Lloyd’s sports dub admit- 
ted liability in a claim that 
Mrs Crawford had been un- 
fairly dismissed from her 
£K).000-a«year job as sports 
shop manageress at the David 
Lloyd Slazenger Racquet's 
Club in Hounslow, 

The settlement was in re- 
turn for Mrs Crawford drop- 
ping her claim for unfair 
dismissal and a High Court 
action for breach of contract, 

Mrs Crawford, of 
Quarrendon Street, Fulham, 
London, had told the hearing 
that she stormed out of the 
club after an argument with 
David Lloyd the brother of 
John Lloyd, the leading tennis 

Musical delay 

A computer fault has forced 
previews of the £4 million 
musical. Chess, which is due 
to open in London next 
month, to be postponed for 
four days and a charity show 
which was to be attended by 
Princess Margaret has been 
cancelled - 

Fiennes home 

Sir . Ranulph Twisleton- 
Wykeham Fiennes, aged 4l 
the explorer, was yesterday 
recovering at his home in 
Barnes, soulh-wesl London, 
after a skin graft operation for 
gangrene caused by frostbite, 
which caused him to cut short 
a two-man Arctic expedition 

Sale room 

Shipwreck sale tops £3m 

By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 

Eighteenth-century Chinese 
porcelain recovered from the 
sea-bed is fetching from five to 
10 times the going market 
price for similar pieces that 
have survived, on diy land 

And gold bars that had been 
on the sea-bed for 233 yeare 
regularly- doubled the bullion 
pricerthe first and finest of the 
Chinese gold “shoes” bars 
shaped I tire oval cups, secured 
£51,894, or roughly 19 times 
its bullion value. 

By yesterday morning the 
proceeds of the Amsterdam 
sale had lopped the £3 million 
forecast for the whole week. 

Christie’s auction of the 
cargo of the Geldermalsen. a 
Dutch East-Indiaman that 
sank in the South China Sea in 
1 752. was into its second day 
yesterday with no let-up in the 
scramble to secure souvenirs 
of the hisioric cargo. . 

Bidders have" arrived from 
Australia. Hong Kong. Cana- 
da. North and South America 
and South Africa, where the 
Geldermalsen was due to dock 
with a special cargo of inferior 
porcelain, as well as every’ 
country in Europe. 

The team that raised the 
cargo and who will share the 
proceeds packed the front row 

born surveyor, Max de Rham. 
and Soo Hin Ong. of Singa- 
pore, will get the lion's share, 
about 70 per cenL- 
Sharing the front row are ax 
of the 10 divers, a mix of 
Malay and European, who 
worked for no wages against a 
20 per cent share of the 
proceeds. Prices vary accord- 
ing to the quantities offered: 
Sets of 12 blue and white 
plates averaged £2.747. or six 
times their normal market 
value; sets of 24 ran to about 
£4.884, again roughly six 
times expectations, while sets 
of 60 averaged £6.105, only 
three times forecast. 

Peony pattern beer' mugs 
cost about £916 a pair, multi- 
plying expectations ft ve times. 

Single blue and white bullet- 
shaped teapots made about 
£980 or five limes more than 

Captain Hatcher sees prices 

of the auction in the Hilton 

The three partners who 
mounted the expedition. Cap- 
tain Michael Hatcher, Swiss- 

Sea encrustation did not 
dampen enthusiasm. A hand- 
some blue and White octago- 
nal tureen and cover, heavily 
encrusted with shells, made 
£3.358, and a wonderful lump 
of encrustation surrounding a 
corroded cannon and incorpo- 
rating several broken blue and 
white bowls with brown 
glazed exteriors sold for 
£8,547, both far exceeding the 
estimated price.- - 



Police ringed the dock at 
Horseferry Ro&d Magistrates' 
court in London, yesterday 
when two men arrested under 
the Prevention of Tetronsm 
Act were remanded in custody 
“for their own protection" 
accused of plotting to supply 

_ Janies Kerr Norwood aged 
37. a painter and sub-contrac- 
tor, was . also charged with 
having a Luger Mini 14.223 
calibre rifle at his home in 
Morning Lane, Hackney, on 
-April :23 without a firearms 

David Percy, aged 36. a 
labourer, of McNab Street. 
ShettlesioTL Glasgow.- was 
charged with having a similar 
rifle without a certificate at 
Tower Bridge Road. South- 
wark, on the same day. 

Both are charged with con- 
spiring with others on or 
before April 23 to supply 
firearms in contravention of 
the Firearms Act. 1 %8 . 

Mr Norwood is also accused 
of having 30 f grammes of 
heroin at his homeon April 23 
with intent to supply. 

The men did not apply for 

bad and were remanded in 
custody fora week, but agreed 
not io be produced in court 
until May 20.- 

A court of appeal judge 
hearing that juries in Leeds, 
Yorkshire - were prone to 

Lord Justice Lawton, made 
his comments during an ap- 
peal by a Leeds man serving a 
four-year jaiF sentence for 

. The judge, silling with Mr 

Justice Tudor Evans and Mr 
Justice— burner, - rohj Mr 
Trevor Kem-Jones. for David 
Slater, aged 3 1 r “It can be said 
in his favour that he pleaded 
guilty. He saved a lot of 
trouble and could have, possi- 
bly, achieved acquittal in 
some cases.’* 

But when the judge went on: 
“Of course. Leeds juries are 

not London juries.*' Mr Kem- 
Jones disagreed. “l am afraid 
that is not so, especially these 
days, my Lord," he told the 

J tetice ■ Lawton re- 
pued: j I am sorry to hear that 
I used to go there a tot and 
they could always be relied 
upon for common-sense 


Theappealby Slater, unem- 
ployed. of Willow Garth Ave- 
nii& Leeds, sentenced at die 
erty s crown court on July 23 
fast year for burglary and 
handling was dismissed 

. Mr Justice Turner said:“He 
walhoroqghif dishonest man 
™ has no respect for other 
people s property." 


-irtt*.-.:, . 


» US 

• k *.» 





u . 

V* -V 

L ^ 



Teachers’ pay dispute 
boosted enrolment 
at independent schools 


Pupil numbers at indepen- 
dent schools have shown their 
biggest increase for five years, 
at a time when slate schools 
were experiencing the turmoil 
of the teachers' pay dispute. 

The growth last year — in 
the face of a 9 per cent increase 
in fees — was yesterday attrib- 
uted partly to the disruption 
caused by industrial action. 

Mr David Hart, general 
secretary of the National As- 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

pils in the past year, a rise of 
1-2 per cent, compared with a 
0.6 per cent rise in the 
previous year and a 0.2S per 
cent increase in 1984. 

There are now 419,475 pu- 
pils in the L300 Isis schools, 
compared with 414,562 in 
January last year, the biggest 
increase since 198L But the 
total number being educated 
privately is estimated 

„ is estimated at 

sfwiaffAri nf H^' 7 — : ,w " 550,000 children, or 6.5 per 
sociauonofHead Teachers, cent of all pupils. 

± JL3 i V nk lh * 1 parents are The increase is against the 
now dearly voiing wrth their background of a fall in the 

feet not only because of the 
ravages caused by the 
teachers' dispute, but aio? 
because parents can see very 
clearly the difference between 
the resourced independent 
sector and the inadequately 
funded slate sector” 

Mr David Wood head, di- 
rector of the Independent 
Schools Information Service 
(Isis), which carried out the 
census into independent 
school numbers, said- “How 
much of it is attributable to 
the disruption elsewhere no 
one can say with any certainty. 

“Many staff and parents in 
independent schools have 
shared the anxieties of their 
colleagues and friends in the 
maintained sector during a 
year of unprecedented 

The Ins figures show an 
increase of almost 5,000 pu- 

totaJ secondary school popula- 
tion of 3. 7 percenL 

The number of girls at 
independent schools has risen 
for the second year running; 
they now form 44 per cent of 
the independent school popu- 
lation. But the number of boy 
boarders dropped by 23 per 
cent, reflecting parents' desire 
to see more of their children 
by educating them at day 

Another area of growth was 
pre-preparatory schools for 
pupils aged two to seven, 
whine numbers rose by 5 per 

Fees ranged from £950 to 
£2.200 a term for boy boarders 
and from £1,000 to £1,700 for 
girls. Day boys’ fees varied 
from £360 to £1,500 and day 
girls' from £500 to £1,150. 

Almost 20 per cent more 
children received help with 

fees in this year's census. The 
money came from the schools 
themselves, local education 
authorities and the 
Government's assisted places 

Head teachers said yester- 
day that pan of the increase in 
fees was attributable to die pay 
rise paid to their teachers, 
which was higher in some 
cases than the 6.9 per cent, 
rising to 8.5 per cent paid to 
those in the state sector. 

Mr Christo per Everett, 
headmaster of Tonbridge 
School where teachers re- 
ceived a 10 per cent increase 
last year, said: “Parents recog- 
nize that, given the compe- 
tence and professionalism of 
teachers in independent 
schools, they receive their 
services for a very reasonable 

“All our parents understand 
fully that teachers in our 
schools must be paid 

Last year independent 
schools spent £3.7 million on 
new buildings and equipment 
and another £43 million on 
improvements to existing 
buildings and equipment 

Mr Woodhead said: “Our 
census confirms the trend to 
independent schools — but 
also the widening gap in 
resources between the inde- 
pendent and maintained sec- 


f 90m refit for Invincible 

HMS Invincible sailed into 
Devonport yesterday for a £90 
million rent which will take 
her into the 21st century. 

The 27-month refit, -which 
at its peak will provide work 
for 600 men, includes increas- 
ing the Sea Harrier fighter 
strength from six to eight or 
nine and doubling the number 
of Sea ICing helicopters to 12. 

A 12-degree ramp will be 
fined to improve take-off and 

the 20,000-ton carrier wifi 
.become the first Royal Navy 
ship to have the new Dutch- 
made “Goalkeeper” close- 
range weapons system of 
rapid-firing guns capable of 
3.000 rounds a minute. 

New sonar and medium- 
range air and surface warning 
radar will also be fitted. 

The refit will mean consid- 
erable improvement to the 
accommodation for the ship's 

company, which will be in- 
creased by 250 to about 1,400. 

Details of the project were 
given at a press conference on 
board after Invincible’s arrival 
from Portsmouth and duties 
in the West Indies. 

Mr Robin Austin, the 
project manager, said he 
hoped to beat the 27-month 
scheduled time for the refit 
and added: “I have set a target 
some weeks shorter than that 

Fear of job 
losses cuts 
of strikes 

The number of private sec- 
tor strikes last year was the 
lowest since the mid- 1930s. 
largely because of the fear of 
unemployment, according to 
the annual report of the 
conciliation service. Acas, 
which was published yester- 

There were still many prob- 
lems in the public sector, but 
the state of the economy dom- 
inated the background to in- 
dustrial relations in 1985. the 
report states. It gives a warn- 
ing that the reduction in 
strikes tells only a limited 

“It says nothing about the 
effectiveness of people at 
work, the satisfaction they get 
from their jobs, the extent to 
which business objectives faD 
short of achievement because 
of other industrial relations 
reasons or any underlying 
sense of employee alienation 
or discontent,” the reportsays. 
One of the main changes 
during 1985 was the greater 
flexibility sought by manage- 
ment in its labour force be- 
cause of new technology, in- 
tense overseas competition 
and economic pressure. 

This was seen in greater 
flexibility between crafts and 
skills, in woriring hours, work 
methods, use of part-time 
workers and the relationship 
between pay and perform- 

Evidence is growing that 
managements are deliberately 
separating “permanent" 
workers, who enjoy almost in- 
definite employment and fav- 
ourable terms and conditions, 
from “peripheral" workers 
such as those who are tempo- 
rary, selfemployed and sub- 
contracted, Acas says. 

The report praises improve- 
ments in management style 
and attitudes. “In many areas 
1985 saw a slow but welcome 
recognition that the solution 
of industrial relations prob- 
lems should owe more to 
proper planning and less to ad 
hoc and ill-considered ac- 
tions.” it says. 

Genetic engineering: 3 

Tomorrow’s cures 
in the making 

Mr Kenneth Baker meeting members of previous Operation 
Raleigh expeditions in London yesterday. Clockwise from 
top left: William Stops, Paul Mason, Paul B lac km ore 
(below), Mr Baker, Margaret Mair, Colonel Blashford- 
Snell (leader), Angela Harwood. Kevin Thomas. (Photo- 
graph: Ros Drinkwater). 

Baker backs Raleigh 
training expedition 

Up to 120 young people 
from some of Britain's most 
deprived inner “urban 
jangles” will be recruited to 
join the round-the-world Op- 
eration Raleigh expeditions 
led by Colonel John 

Mr Kenneth Baker, Secre- 
tary of State for the Environ- 
ment, said yesterday 
thatftnes) the recruits, many of 
whom have never left 
Merseyside. Hull and London 
before, will be sponsored 
through a £300.000 govern- 
ment urban programme. 

They will be led through a 

lough selection and training 
programme later this year by 
seasoned adventurers from 
previous Operation Raleigh 
expeditions, including six 
young people who recently 
returned from the real jungles 
and swamps of Central and 
South America. 

Colonel Blashford-Snell 
said: “Britain abounds with 
great young leaders. But I 
think the urban jmigie today is 
far more difficult to deal with 
than the real jungle.” 

Recruitment will be com- 
pleted in July and the opera- 
tion will start next year. 

The use of ‘living cells to 
produce substances with me- 
dicinal properties and the 
complex molecules made syn- 
thetically by the chemicals 
industry are the basis i? 
modem biotechnology- Pearce 
Wright, Science Editor, re- 
ports od this source of 
tomorrow's drags. 

By the end of the decade 
doctors, farmers, industrial 
manufacturers and house- 
wives will be using new prod- 
ucts that rely on two of the 
main developments in genetic 
engineering: recombinani- 

DNA and monoclonal anti- 

The first describes how 
genes arc taken from one 
animal, organism or plant and 
spliced into another. The sec- 
ond refers to a method of 
producing tailor-made cells, 
designed for use as the active 
ingredient in drugs and 

The new genetics have al- 
ready become established in 
solving some medical prob- 
lems. For example, without 
these advances insulin for 
diabetics could be in short 
supply by the end of this 

The use of simple bacteria 
to synthesize elaborate protein 
molecules, such as insulin, is 
being used or under develop- 
ment for a range of substances. 

In particular, the vocabu- 
lary of scientists in this field 
contains increasing reference 
to iymphokmes. It is a term 
which covers an immense 
family of molecules which the 
body's defence system makes, 
but "which until the advent of 
genetic engineering could not 
be synthesized. 

Lymphokines that have re- 
ceived some public attention 
are two families of molecules 
with potential ami-cancer ac- 
tivity. They are the interferons 
and (he interleukins. 

Other natural substances 
being made include Factor 
VIII, the substance in the 
blood that stimulates cloning 
of blood and is absent in 

haemophilia, and plasmino- 
gen activator which can avert 
other blood disorders. 

This year tests have started 
on experimental vaccines 
against malaria. The advances 
in genetic engineering behind 
those discoveries should pro- 
vide the eventual vaccines for 
some cancers and for Ards 
(acquired immune deficiency 

Many other vaccines are in 
the pipe-line for hepalilis-B. 
herpes, diphtheria, poliovirus 
and salmonella. A longer-term 
search is on for an answer to 
arthritis through genetic 
engineering. . , 

The ability’ to manipulate 
the genetic composition of 
cells for commercial purposes 
has brought a new breed of 
science-based companies into 

The first of the British 
newcomers in this field is 
Celltech laboratories, which 
has specialized in innovations 
in genetics to get more effec- 
tive diagnosis of various 

Through new collaboration 
with the Imperial Cancer Re- 
search Fund, the scientists at 
Celltech have made an impor- 
tant advance in designing 
families of drugs that will 
attack tumours, without 
harming other tissues in the 

The latest approach is to 
employ the technique of mak- 
ing monoclonal antibodies, or 
Mabs. a Nobel Prize winning 
discovery made at the Molec- 
ular Biology Research Labora- 
tory at Cambridge. 

Molecular biologists can 
make Mabs that are like 
microscopic guided missiles. 
When injected into the body 
they home-in only on a select- 
ed organ or tissue 

A forecast by the economic 
analysis. Laing & 
Cruickshank. spanning medi- 
cine and veterinary innova- 
tions to industry and 
agriculture, put the commer- 
cial potential of biotechnology 
as more than 18000 million 
worldwide by the early 1990s. 


Science report 

Russians claim heart 
monitor innovation 

By a Special Correspondent 

A British invention, dating 
from the early 1960s, has 
enabled Soviet scientists to 
develop a heart movement 
• recorder which, it is claimed, 
diagnoses cardiac abnormali- 
ties earlier than possible at 

The magnetic cardiograph, 
conceived by a group of re- 
searchers at the Kharkov In- 
stitute of Cardiology and the 
physical engineering institute 
of low temperatures of the 
VtUkranian Academy of Sci- 
ences, measures magnetic 
fields in the heart, providing 
important data not obtainable 
from standard electrocardio- 
gram tests. 

It is based on the Josephson 
effect a Nobel prize-winning 
discovery by Brian Josephson, 
now a professor of physics at 
Cambridge University. 

Working at the Cavendish 
Laboratory in 3962, he de- 
signed an extremely sensitive 
cryogenic electronic device to 
measure magnetic fields. Now 
known as the Josephson junc- 
tion, it consists of two strips of 
metal, placed in liquid helium. 

Cooled to a temperature 
near absolute zero and sepa- 
rated by a thin insulator, the 
strips become a “sandwich” 
which is extremely sensitive to 
changes in magnetic field. 

Equipment based on Profes- 
sor Josephson ’s discovery has 
been applied to detect oO, date' 
ancient pottery and identify 
sub-atomic particles. 

Experimental computer cir- 
cuits based on the Josephson 
junction have been designed by 
IBM. Japanese scientists plan 
to employ the Josephson junc- 
tion as fast switches in com- 
puters, although these are 
unlikely to arrive before the 
end of the century. 

• The Soviet researchers] 
claim a unique magneto-diag-| 
oostic cardiograph can ideuti 
fy magnetic signals sent by the 
beaut, especially the stimula-l 
tion and contraction of cardiac| 

Another advantage is that a 
patient need not be wired up, 
only to be within range of the 
equipment. The electrical po- 
tentials generated by the areas 
where ECG electrodes are in 
contact with the skin, can 
obliterate signals of abnormal- 
ities. The cryogenic magne- 
tometer can identify the bit- 
magnetic signals coming from 
the possible source of a i — 

The Soviet scientists believel 
the equipment and techniques j 
developed by them could also] 
be used feu the study of the 



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a permanent 
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techniques and its worth has 
hren tried and tested in prac- 
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The basic principle entails 
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specially formulated resin. 
This forms a seal so water- 
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Soviet nuclear disaster: • What went wrong • Radiation threat • Regional toy 

Gigantic reactor ‘kettle’ that became a killer [students 

By Pearce Wright 
Science Editor 

What happened at Chernobyl 


Ai least some of the fuel in 
the core of the stricken Soviet 
nuclear reactor at Chernobyl 
'has disintegrated, radioactive 
■ susbiances monitored in Swe- 
- den... Finland and Denmark 
: : indicate. ■ 

■ The extent of the damage is 
.. still a flatter .of speculation. 

but- there are strong rndica- 
’• tio'ns. that die foef has all 
; mehed'— the rachoactive ele- 
tnems detected include sub- 
stances like neptunium, which 

are hot very volatile. 

They would come only from 
a hot vapour, given off by a 
molten pool .of meL 
A fire of graphite was still 
: . blazing yesterday at the power 
.. station, north of Kiev, and in 
an unprecedented move Mos- 
cow sought help from safety 

■ experts in. Sweden and West 

- :The advice from. Mr 
. .Nuclear .Safety Inspectorate. 

was to ask Britain for help. 

. .. Swedish safety engineers 

■ told the Russians that tne only 
organization with experience 

. in fighting a graphite fire in a 
nuclear reactorwas the United 
Kingdom Atomic Energy 

That experience came at 
. Windscale in 1957. when the 
atomic pile for making weap- 
ons plutonium caught lighL 

Chernobyl hav^gone^ar be- How the accident happened (left) and file footage from a Frfench television station showing the exterior of the Chernobyl power station in the Ukraine at the time the plant was opened 
vond • the extent of that 

accident. a graphite-moderated light- ing makes the Russian type gases. 

The - reactor" which caused water reactor. It boils water, different from any other. These gases carry more than 
the trouble was. like that of all which is carried through a core choice of design in the com- 10 per cent of the radioactive 

' ~ waste that has built up in the 

atomic power stations, just a 
gigantic kettle. It used the heat 
generated when atoms of ura- 
nium were split to boil water, 
which in turn produced steam 
to turn electrical turbines. 

However, there are at least 
six main types of thermal 
nuclear reactors, of very dif- 
ferent design, affecting their 
safety characteristics. 

The type which has explod- 
e d is used rml^inihe Soviet- 
Union. It differs markedly 
from the version of the same 
family that the Russians 

The type involved is called 

US offers 

From Mohsin Ali 

The US yesterdav formally 
told the Soviet Union it is 
ready to give humanitarian 
and technical assistance fol- 
lowing the accident at the 
Chernobyl atomic energy 
station. * 

Mrs Rozanne Ridgway. As- 
sistant Secretary for European 
Affairs, summoned Mr Oleg 
Sokolov, the Soviet Charge 
d'Affaires here, to express 
"deep rearer at the accident 
on behalf af President Reagan, 
the State Department spokes- 
man announced. 

He said the US hoped ihe 
Soviet Union would provide 
information about the acci- 
dent in “a timely manner”. 
The US was seeking addition- 
al information and requested 
the closest possible coordina- 
tion among all concerned 

The spokesman said: “We 
hope casualties and material 
damage are minimal.” but he 
could give no details. 

He declined to answer when 
asked whether US “spy 
satellites” had detected the 
accident and other activities 
related to iL ' 

Mr Donald Regan, the 
White House Chiet of Staff, 
said while travelling with 
President Reagan to Bali that 
the Administration had no 
details on possible loss oflife. 
-.All I can say is we arc 
monitoring it jhc same as 
everybody else.” 

Offering US help to the 
Russians, fie said: “We have a 
lot of experience in bow w e 
can handle these things both 
medically and scientifically “ 
Mr Larry Speakes. the 
White House spokesman, said 
later that President Reagan 
had been briefed on the acci- 
dent by Mr George Shultz, the 
Secretary of State, and by 
Admiral John Poindexter, his 
National Security Adviser. 
The Russians have not inde- 
pendently notified the White 
House through diplomatic 
channels. . 

The accident has aroused 
intense speculation and inter- 
est here and has refuelled the 
controversy over safeguards 
for American nuclear energy . 

France ready 
to help 
treat victims 

Paris (UPI) - France yester- 
dav offered to help the Soviet 
Union treat those contaminat- 
ed by radiation from the 
nuclear power plant disaster. 

M Francois Cogne. director 
of the Institute of Protection 
and Nuclear Safety of the 
Atomic Energy Commission, 
said Moscow had not asked 
France to help in what was 
believed to have been either a 
fire at the four-reactor plant or 
a reactor meltdown. 

M Cogne said France had 
been treating victims of nucle- 
ar accidents since Ivds. 

a graphite-moderated light- 
water reactor. It boils water, 
which is carried through a core 
of uranium fuel. 

The core also includes rods 
of graphite, which are used to 
control the nuclear reactions, 
because the graphite slows 
down neutrons. 

Another choice is to use 
water as a moderator, as in the 
American type of pressurized- 
water reactors. 

The other choice is in the 
way ihe heat is removed to the 

ing makes the Russian type 
different from any other, 
choice of design in the com- 
mercial electricity generating 

It is not clear why the 
reactor should have over- 
heated and caught fire. A 
rupture of the water supply 
system would cause a sudden 
rise in the temperature of the 
core. But the presence of 
graphite should have given the 
operators some time to regain 
control when getting an emer- 

fuel. amounting to a total of 10 
billion curies of radioactivity. 
It is vital that these gases 
should not be allowed to 

In the American type of 
water reactors a system of 
double-walled buildings act to 
contain the release. This kept 
the worst nightmare from 
happen ning at the Three Mile 

distance of 10 miles down 
wind is estimated at more 
than 40,000 rems, and 1,200 
rents at about 1 50 miles. 

There is a high probability 
of a person very quickly 
suffering thyroid cancer from 
a dose of 1 .000 rems. 

In the early 1950s the UK 
Atomic Energy Authority re- 
jected the Russian reactor 
designs. But it was a route 
taken by the Americans, al- 
though changed later. 

The reason for Britain's 

Accident a blow 
to expanding 
energy industry 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

steam generators.— Whereas- -gency — water — supply— into — Island- plat* -The-, rejection was that for safety 

water is used in the Russian 
model, the British power sta- 
tions use gas cooling. 

The combination of graph- 
ite moderator and water cool- 


An inevitable rise in tem- 
perature without cooling ends 
in the fbel elements rupturing 
and spilling out radioactive 

inner wall was absent in the 
Russian plant. 

If all the iodine escaped 
Over a 24-hour period, the 
thyroid dose to adults at a 

purposes even a reactor one- 
fifth the size of the Russian 
one could not be built within 
50 miles of a town of popula- 
tion of 50.000. 

Chernobyl survivors face early death 

By T1 

Science Correspondent 

Victims of the Chernobyl 
nuclear disaster who received 
huge doses of radiation will be 

monia. as would persons who 
were within a fewmifesof tire 
site at the lime of the accident. 
Aftera few more weeks, others 
are at risk of liver or kidney 

at risk of Premature death, for- - ^ many ^ halforallTFose 
weeks, months and years to who wereexposed to very high 

come, nuclear health experts 
said yesterday. 

Some may have only days 
to live, while others will suffer 
from “Hiroshima syndrome” 
succumbing to cancer decades 
later. Some unborn children 
may develop hereditary dis- 
eases or severe mental 

The immediate effects on 
those who survived the explo- 
sion and fire are likely to 
involve the destruction of 
bone marrow through irradia- 
tion. which in turn destroys 
the individual's immune sys- 
tem. leaving the body vulnera- 
ble to infection. 

They would be likely to die 
about ’a month from now, 
from infections such as pneu- 

Icvels of radiation are likely to 
die within the next 60 days. 

Pregnant women could give 
birth to children suffering 
from genetic diseases or severe 
mental handicap. Women 
who are between two and four 
months pregnant are consid- 

But they know from the 
atomic bombings of Hiroshi- 
ma and Nagasaki in 1945 that 
survivors began to develop 
forms of leukaemia five years 
late r on a rising graph that 
reached~Its“peak in tne early 
1960s and has subsequntly 

Solid tumours, such as 
those that affect the breast 
lungs and thyroid, began to 
appear 10 years after the 
bombs were dropped, and that 
increased incidence of the 
disease is still .continuing. 

Power stations are designed to . 
do as little damage as possible 
to those within range of them. 

ered to be most at risk. . . . Dr Mike-Thome. the scien- 
The longer-term effects in- tific secretary in Britain of the 

dude the development of 
leukaemia and cancers of the 
thyroid, lungs and breast 
Western experts are unable 
to assess accurately the health 
consequences of the catastro- 
phe until they receive more 
detailed information about 
the amounts of radiation to 
which those at Chernobyl and 
the surrounding area were 

International Commission of 
Radiological Protection, said: 
“We need much more infor- 
mation about the radiation 
levels at Chernobyl before we 
can assess accurately the full 
consequences to individuals. 

‘The most optimistic thing 
that can be said is that the 
results of a nuclear accident 
are nowhere near as bad as the 
effects of a nuclear bomb. 

1 Destruction ot bone marrow leading 
to Mure of Immune system 

2 Bram- Severe mental retardation m 
unborn enridren 3 Thyroid 4 Lungs 

S Breast fm women) 6 Liver • 
TFancreas S Kidneys 
9 Risk o< herwirary tssaases 

Likely targets of 
radiation poisoning 

Bonn puts 
on standby 

From Frank Johnson 

West Germany yesterday 
offered to place experts and 
equipment from its highly 
advanced nuclear power in- 
dustry at the disposal of the 
Soviet Union, but officials 
said here that such help can 
only be deployed effectively if 
ihe Soviet Union gives more 
details of the accident. 

The first visit to the Foreign 
Office here of Mr Yuli 
Kvitsinksy. the new Soviet 
Ambassador, was brought for- 
ward to yesterday so that the 
accident could be’ discussed. 

He accepted the offer of 
West German help, but appar- 
ently he was unable to give the 
sort' of details which would 
enable the West Germans to 
decide what sort of accident it 
was. and what kind of assis- 
tance was needed. 

It was thought possible that 
Mr Kvitsinksy had not him- 
self been fully informed. 

The Minister of the Interior, 
Herr Friedorich Zimmerman, 
called the Soviet delay in 
reporting the accident, and the 
subsequent lack of detail, 
“unacceptable”. He gave as- 
surances that West German 
government scientists would 
be carrying out tests through- 
out the days ahead on radia- 
tion levels here. 

The Government's view, 
for the time being, is that, 
portly because of the winds, 
Germany is not in danger. 

The Minister of Science. 
Herr Heinz Ricsenhuber. said 
that West German reactors 
were more advanced than 
those in the SovietUmon and 
“absolutely secure”. 

He said that the Interna- 
tional Atomic Energy: Agency 
in Vienna should now conduct 
a test of Soviet reactor 

World agency warns of return to oil 

Paris (Reuter) — Industrial- 
ized nations must carry on 
generating nuclear power in 
order to safeguard their inde- 
pendence in energy production. 
Miss Hdga Steeg. the Interna- 
tional Energy Agency (1EA) 
director, said yesterday. 

Miss Sieeg was speaking in 
Paris, where the 21 -nation 
agency, which co-ordinates en- 
ergy policy to uy to ensure 
supplies, has its headquarters. 

She said she had no new 
information on the Ukraine 

She said the 1EA member 
countries “cannot forego the 
possibility of nuclear power 
generation". Otherwise they 
would slip back into depen- 
dence on oil supplies from the 
Organization of Petroleum Ex- 
porting Countries (OPEC). 

She added that the govern- 
ments of Western industrial- 
ized countries worked closely 
together on nuclear safety stan- 

dards. “Operating safety is no 
problem here." she said. 

Asked whether there was a 
danger of 1EA members be- 
coming too dependent on Sovi- 
et natural gas supplies if 
competitive oil prices delayed 
or prevented the development 
of new gas fields. Miss Steeg 
said it was agency policy not to 
be overdependent on any one 

“Gas supplies of European 
countries up to the middle of 
the 1990s are already broadly 
secured bv contracts with the 
Soviet Union, the Dutch. Nor- 
way and. to a lesser extent the 
Algerians.” she said. 

She said negotiations were 
continuing over the develop- 
ment of Norway's giant Troll 
gas field in the North Sea. 

• BONN: West Germany's 
anti-nuclear Greens party 
called for the closure of all 
nudear power stations, saying 
the Soviet disaster had shown 

atomic power was too' danger- 
ous to be used. 

The Greens are spearheading 
protests against construction of 
West Germany's first nuclear 
reprocessing plant in 
Wackersdorf, Bavaria, and 
news of the Soviet accident 
appeared certain to fuel opposi- 
tion to the project 

The party is the only one in 
West Germany to oppose out- 
right the use of nudear power. 
• MANILA: President Aquino 
will convene her Cabinet today 
to rule on a proposal to scrap 
the Philippines* first nudear 
power plant, her spokesman, 
Mr Rene Saguisag, said here 
(AFP reports). 

The S2.I billion (£1.35 bil- 
lion). 620-megawatt plant in 
Bataan province, west of here 
was built by the US firm 
Westinghouse over an eight- 
vear period under the regime of 
former president Marcos. 

The disastrous accident at 
the Chernobyl nuclear power 
plant north of Kiev has come 
as a blow to the fast-expanding 
Soviet nudear energy indus- 
try. It is doe to double its 
present capacity by the end of 
.the Kremlin’s new five-year 
plan in 1990. 

In addition to the frighten- 
ing human repercussions, dip- 
lomats last night were be- 
ginning to estimate the 
possible economic consequ- 
ences to the state, where 
nudear energy has been her- 
alded as the white hope in the 
faro of stagnating domestic oQ 

Encouraged by the lack of 
internal anti-nuclear protests 
and assisted by a sizeable 
industry specializing in the 
manufacture of nudear reactor 
components, the Soviet Union 
has developed one of the most 
active nudear construction 
programmes in the world, with 
nearly 30 plants destined for 
construction in the next 

A number of the new plants 
are under construction near 
large centres of population, 
including the Ukrainian town 
of Kharkov and Odessa on the 
Black Sea. Only two years 
ago, the then Minister of 
Power and Electrification, Mr 
Petr Neporozhny, said: “Such 
stations are very economical 
and can be built in the 
immediate vicinity of a city 
because they do not emit 
smoke and are totally safe.” 

Western experts in Moscow 
have often expressed concern 
at the Soviet nudear safety 
record and intelligence ana- 
lysts believe that the authori- 
ties have covered np at least 
three nudear accidents since 
1954, when Russia became the 
first country to use nuclear 
power to generate electridty 
for commercial purposes. 

The worst is believed to 
have occurred in an area just 
east of the Urals in late 1957 
or early 1958, and Western 
sources believe that the area 
may still be suffering from the 
effects of contamination. 

Poor attention to safety is 
attributed to a number of 
factors indudiug complacency' 
encouraged by the political 
system, the obsessive secrecy 
which still surro u nds the un- 
clear energy programme and 
pressing demands from' the' 
central planners fbr more 
speed in construction. 

It was not until the early 
1980s that any internal debate 
about the potential hazards 
began, with a growing number 
of academics expressing their 
concern in the offidal press. 

An example of the problems 
came in 1982 when the' chief 
engineer of the Balakoivo plant 
was quoted- bf- Sovietskay* 
Rossiya as idling a- supplier: 
“We examined your pipes with 
ultrasound — complete' junk. 
There are even defects that 
can be seen with the naked 
eye. Moreover, the metal Is not 
of the spedfication called fbr 
in the plant After.all, It is a 
nudear plant” 

Although there are differ- 
ences over official figures, the 
most widely accepted show 
that 39 reactors are now in nse 
inside Russia, most without 
containment vessels to trap 
escaping radiation. 

This crucial safety device, 
widely used in the West is 
understood to have been incor- 
porated in the new plants 
under construction here. 

Nudear power is now re- 
sponsible for 11 per cent of the 
Soviet Union's national elec- 
tricity output or 170,000 mil- 
lion kilowatts and is doe under, 
the new five-year plan to 
provide 20 per cent of planned 
output by 1990. 

The dismal performance of 
the oil production industry — 
where a number of senior 
officials ■ have recently been 
sacked or repfrunaiaaled — is 
seen in the West as the main 
explanation for the great en- 
thusiasm being shown by Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the Sov- 
ietleader, for large-scale in- 
vestment in new nudear 

Lessons for Russia, page 12. 

Magazine hailed plant as safe 

New York (Reuter) — The 
Chernobyl nuclear power 
plant was hailed fry an offidal 
Soviet magazine in February 
as being a model of safety. 

Soviet Life, printed an eight- 
page article in its US edition 
which described the plant and 
its four reactors as being 
totally safe. 

it read in part “Even if the 

incredible should happen, the 
automatic control and safety 
systems would shut down the 
reactor in a matter ■ of 

It quoted The Ukraine Min- 
ister of Power, -Mr Vitaly 
Sklydarov, as saying: “The 
odds or a meltdown are one in 
10.000 years”. 



By Peter Davenport * 

Officials of a British compa- 
ny specializing iti" student 
lan guage tours to the Soviet 
Union said yesterday they 
were closely monitoring de- 
velopments in' the Ukrainian 
capital of Kiev, 50 miles from 
the Chernobyl nuclear power 
station. - - - 
Earlier this month they sent 
a group of 90 students, mainly 
from British universities but 
also including several from 
the United States, France, 
Denmark, Canada and Swit- 
zerland on a three month visit 
to the Kiev State Institute for . 
Foreign I angnagps ■ 

Yesterday Mr Landon Tem- 
ple, managing director of the 
company. Progressive Tours 
based in London said: - “We 
are monitoring the situation 
in Kiev very closely but as of 
now we have no reason to 
change our plans . for the 
students to stay until June 

He said that parents of some 
of the students, most of whom 
are in their first year" at' 
university, had telephoned the 
offices of the Company in 
Porchester Place, seeking reas- 
surance after hearing of the 
power station accident which 
may well be the world’s worst 
nuclear installation, incident 

Mr Temple said that he had 
managed to speak to one of 
the students in Kiev yesterday 
and contrary to some reports 
of plans to evacuate areas 
around the Chernobyl site,;life 
in Kiev itself appeared nor- 
mal . 

The company had also re- 
ceived a. telex from the Soviet 
Sputnik Youth, .and Travel 
Organization saying there was 
no cause for concern. - 

■The Soviet Ministry for 
Foreign Affairs, also said there 
was no reason for tourists not 
to visit Kiev or nearby cities. 

Mr Temple added that the 
company' had checked on 
availability of aircraft for 
charter in. Kiev should the 
need arise to bring students 
home early. 

- One hundred members of 
the London Festival Ballet are 
due to fly to the Soviet Union 
at the weekend on a three- 
-weefcr British '-Council -spon- 
sored tour in which they will 
play performances in Mos- 
cow. Leningrad and Vilnius, 
in Lithuania. 

A spokesman for the British 
Council said yesterday they 
were in constant touch with 
the Foreign'. Office and last 
night the tour remained on. 




i ;_.v 

i ', r :2 




\ . 




Finns are 
at delay 

From Oil! Kivinen 

Anger was mounting in 
Finland yesterday in the wake 
of the Chernobyl nuclear di- 
saster because the Russians 
were extremely slow in warn- 
ing their Scandinavian neigh- 
bour of the leak. 

It . took nearly 24 hours 
before the Finnish authorities 
themselves revealed that they 
had measured higher than 
normal levels of radioactivity 
in the country. 

Radioactivity decreased in 
Finland yesterday thanks to a 
brisk northerly wind, which 
drove the clouds .south. The 
highest level of radiation was 
recorded on Sunday evening 
in Kajaani, central Finland, 
near the Soviet border. 

• OSLO. Radiation levels 
over eastern Norway were said 
to be decreasing yesterday, 
although in' (he absence of 
heavy rain or a change in wind 
direction the improvement 
was as yet ■ slight (Tony 
Samstag writes). 

The populations of both 
Norway and Denmark reacted 
calmly, although some panic 
buying of iodine tablets was 
reported in Copenhagen. 


•r . 

Swedes angered by Moscow’s failure to issue warning 

From Christoplter Mosey 

As radioactivity from the. 
Soviet nuclear disaster began 
to diminish here yesterday, 
anger mounted at Moscow's 
failure to alert the Nordic area 
to the dangers of radiation 
spreading from the Ukraine. 

Mrs Birgitta Dahl, the Min- 
ister for Energy, faced protests 
from anti-nuclear demonstra- 
tors when she opened an 
underground storage facility 
for spent nuclear fuel at the 
Oskarshamn unclear plant in 
southern Sweden. 

She said she took it for - 
granted that Moscow would 
now allow international con- 
trol of its civil nudear pro- 
gramme. She indicated that 
Sweden had been unsuccessful 
in past attempts to pressure 
Soviet authorities to increase 
safety requirements. 

Degens Nyheter, the leading 

Mrs £>ahf: confident of 
improved safety measures. 

Swedish daily, yesterday criti- 
cized unclear safety measures 
taken by Stockholm to deal 
with fallout from the Soviet 
disaster. “Preparedness for 
incidents at nuclear plants 
must be reviewed." it said. 

Radiation from the disaster 
was first registered automati- 
cally by two measuring instru- 
ments at the National Defence 
Research Institute in Stock- 
holm at 2pm on Sunday. But 
this was not known until staff 
arrived for work on Monday 
morning, as the institute is not 
manned at weekends. 

Mr Curt Bergman, of the 
Defence Ministry research es- 
tablishment, said radioactivity 
in Sweden had halved over- 
night bat was still between 10 
and 100 times the normal 
leveL He said this did not 
mean it had stopped emulating 
from the Ukraine bat had 
merely ceased reaching 

For radiation to endanger 
health it would have to be 
10,000 times the normal level, 
he said. 

Mr John Christer Lindhe, 
spokesman for the, Swedish 

Radiation Protection Institute, 
said that at one place in 
central Sweden where it rained 
yesterday, radioactivity in the 
rainwater had reached 100 
times the normal level and 
residents were-advised. not to 
use it 

Measurements taken at 
Sweden’s Forsmark nuclear 
power plant yesterday showed 
1,000 units per square metre of 
iodine 131 and 30,000 units 
per square metre of Neptunian 
239. Normally there would be 
no measurement of either 

A spokesman for the Swed- 
ish Institute for Radiation 
Protection said radiation ex- 
tended roughly from the town 
of Gavie down to Nykoping on 
the east coast and inland a few 
miles. Radiation was also 
detected on the Baltic Island of 

The Soviet disaster has 

reactivated a bitter controver- 
sy in Sweden over its own 
nuclear power programme. 

In a national referendum 
held in 1980, Sweden voted 
that its nuclear programme be 
limited to 12 reactors and that 
these be phased oat after 25 

The referendum effectively 
depolitkazed the nudear issue, 
which In J978 led to the 
resignation of Mr ThorWoro 
Falldin, the then Prime Minis- 
ter and a staunch opponent of 
nudear power. 

Bat, at the time,, the 
People's Campaig n Against 

Nudear Power — which ted the 
fight against Sweden's “peace- 
ful atom" programme — an- 
nounced a new fight aimed at 
reminding the public of nude- 
ar hazards. In the wake of 
Chernobyl, it has been vocal in 
deno uncing the use of nudear 
power. . 

Sweden's 12 reactors are 
locate d at four plants, the most 
controversial of which is at 
Barseback. across the narrow 
sound from the Danish capital 
of Copenhagen. 

It was at Forsmark, a power 
station north of Stockholm 
with three boiling water reac- 
tors, that the first -Western 
traces of radioactivity from the 
Soviet disaster were found. 

It was first ' thought .the 
radiation came from a teak in 
Forsmark itself and the plant 

was evacuated. Bnt the evacna- 
tion took too long according to 
union leaders, who yesterday 
called for revised safety 
procedures! . . 

At Oskarshamn, where Mrs 

>. . . 
r - - 

i\ V-.v 

1 - p-: : 



unit yesterday, there are three 
boOing water reactors. . 

Sweden -s fourth nuclear 
plant is at Rubais, near the 
west coast port of Gothenburg. 




EEC and US hold fire 
on trade dispute to 
keep peace at summit 



Frm Our Own Correspondent, Brussels 
A head on-dash between 

the US and the EEC UbdS 

averted for the time being m 
onter not to sour the atmo- 
sphere at the Western eco- 
nomic summit in Tokyo this 

weekend, EEC officials' said 

.But there is still the danger 
of a trade war breaking out 
once the summit is over. The 
US had originally planned to 

take retaliatory action against 
EEC restrictions on American 
fern exports tomorrow. US 
officials have indicated that 
measures could still be taken 
later in May. 

fellow EEC 

The dispute arises from 
transitional EEC membership 
arrangements for Spain and 
Portugal which oblige the 
Iberian nations to buy farm 

Community faces 
budget gloom 

From Onr Own Correspondent, Brussels 

Agreement by European 
Community finance ministers 
m Luxembourg this week on a 
1987 budget guideline of £23 
.. billion — yesterday gave EEC 
officials some cheer in an 
otherwise gloomy and poten- 
tially disastrous financial 

Mr Nigel Lawson, the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
said the Community faced a 
great problem of finance, “but 
there is a readiness to grapple 
with it" 

On the other hand, officials 
here served warning that EEC 
budget discipline was being 
ruined, and that 1 986 spend- 
ing would be approximately 
£2 billion over the target 
Deep divisions would now 
arise within the Community 
over where to make savings. 

The Budget Commissioner, 
Mr. Henning Christophersen, 
is expected to present a Com- 
mission proposal , today for a 
supplementary budget of over 
£1 billion to be raised among 
member states, partly in order 
to meet the cost to the EEC of 
the fall in the dollar. 

The 1986 budget is still not 
finally agreed even after this 
week's meeting of finance 

They were unable to agree 
on which of the many factors 
causing what Mr Lawson 

called the “horrific financial 
overrun” this year were 
“exceptional. " The largest ele- 
ment in the overrun is extra 
farm spending. 

Mr Lawson said the farm 
price fixing exercise had been 
a reasonable response, but 
along with currency changes 
in the European Monetary 
System it added up to a big 
challenge to budgetary disci- 
pline. Mr Lawson insisted 
there was no question of 
breaching the 1.4 per cent 
ceiling on national VAT con- 
tributions to EEC revenues. 

Apart from the fall in the 
dollar, fills year's overspend- 
ing stems partly from the need 
to pay Britain's rebate under 
arrangements which were 
agreed two years ago. 

M. Jacques Delon, the pres- 
ident of the Commission, said 
the Commission favoured 
budgelary rigour, but not “a 
mechanical application of 
budgetary discipline," which 
would be detrimental to EEC 

Officials said the danger was 
that the Commission's pro- 
posed supplementary budget 
would bring EEC spending 
perilously dose to the 1.4 per 
cent VAT ceiling, and that the 
situation would worsen fiir-j 
ther if the fell in the dollar 
continued. 5 

Blacks in 
May Day 

From Ray Kennedy . 


Over one million blacks are 
being urged to stay away from 
work tomorrow in a show- 
down between their increas- 
ingly potent trade unions and 
employers over a paid May 
Day holiday. 

Although the Government's 
attitude is that it is at present 
outside the dispute, the police 
have served warning that they 
will take stem action against 
intimidators trying to stop 
people going to work. 

Radical black groups and 
trade union organizations 
want both May Day and June 
16 — the anniversary of the 
1976 Soweto riots - to be 
declared public holidays. 

Some have suggested they 
should replace Republic Day 
(May 31) and the Day of the 
Vow (December 16). the Afri- 
kaner commemoration of the 
Voortrekker defeat of Zulus. 

Rallies to mark the 100th 
anniversary of May Day are 
being planned throughout the 

In Durban, police are pre- 
. paring for clashes between 
supporters of the 500,000- 
strong Congress of South Afri- 
can Trade Unions and the 
pro-capitalist United 
Workers’ Union of South 

The 2 5 fr 000 -member Na- 
tional Union of Mineworkers 
has called for a total work 
stoppage in the country's gold 
and coal mines. 

• LONDON: The Common- 
wealth “eminent persons 
group" on South Africa are to 
meet here today to consider 
whether a message they have 
been sent by President Botha 
is sufficiently constructive for 
them to pay a second visit to 
South Africa next month 
(Nicholas Ashford writes). 

China for 

. Peking (Reuter) — China 
said yesterday its athletes 
would compete in the 1988 
Olympic Games in Seoul 
A National Olympic Com 
raitiee spokesman said that 
China had recently registered 
with the International Olym- 
pic Committee. 

The announcement was the 
first formal notification that 
China would attend the games. 

Statue shift 

Athens — The Athens mu- 
nicipal council decided on 
Monday night that President 
Truman’s statue which was 
blown off its pedestal in 
central Athens by a bomb 
attack five weeks ago, should 
be permanently removed. 

Palme case 
suspect in 
identity test 

Stockholm - Victor Gun- 

narsson, who was CJ 
with the murder of Mr Olot 
Palme, the Swedish Prime 
Minister, but later released 
because of lack of evidence, is 
again helping police with their 
inquiries (Christopher Mosey 

Mr Guimarsson. aged 33. 
who has been in protective 
custody since the charge was 
dropped, took pan in several 
identification parades at po- 
lice headquarters. 

Hehas denied any involve- 
ment in the killing. 

However, several witnesses 
have identified him as a man 
who came running into a 
cinema near the murder spot 
in central Stockholm shortly 
after the assassination. 

Yesterday, -experts exam- 
ined a ventilation grille in the 
cinema's toilet. Police said: 
“Someone may have placed a 
revolver there and fetched it 
later when things were quiet 

Terror plan 

Venice — The meeting here 
of foreign and defence minis- 
ters of seven European coun- 
tries including Britain plans to 
reiterate in its concluding! 
statement today that terrorism 
must be collectively met (Fe-; 
ter Nichols writes). 

Beirut search 

Beirut (Reuter) — Officials 
at the American University of] 
Beirut are trying to trace two 
Greek Cypriot students miss- 
ing and feared kidnapped. 

Going home 

Washington — The remains 
of Challenger’s seven astro- 
nauts were yesterday flown to 
Dover Air Force Base, Dela- 
ware. to be released to their 
famili es (Mobsin Ali writes). 

Spectrum, page 10 

Aeroflot back 

Moscow (Reuter) — The] 
first Soviet air service to the; 
United States for five years! 
resumed yesterday when an 
Aeroflot plane left Moscow foij 

Bus blasted 

Geneva (Reuter) — Thirteen 
people were killed when a bus! 
carrying Ethiopian refugees to" 
a camp in Somalia was blown 
up by a mine on a road near 
the frontier with Ethiopia. 

Sikh state 

Amritsar (AFP) — Sikh 
militants in the holy city of 
Amritsar have declared an 
independent Sikh nation and 
asked world governments to 
recognize it. 

Treholt appeal 

Oslo — Mr Arne Trcfaoli, the 
Norwegian Junior Minister 
and diplomat jailed last year 
for espionage, yesterday be- 
gan a High Court appeal 
against his 20-year sentence 
(Tony Samstag writes). 

Chess referee 

Lucerne (Reuter) - West 
German chess grandmaster 
Herr Lmhar Schmid will offi- 
ciate at the return match in 
June between world champion 
Gary Kasparov' and Anatoly 

products from 

Washington said this dis- 
criminated against American 
exports of grain and soya 
beans, and it has threatened to 
retaliate by raising tariffs on 
EEC wine, fruit juice, baked 
goods, cheese and pork. 

Brussels then produced its 
own list of American prod- 
ucts. which include honey, 
bourbon, soya cake and rice. 

The feeling in Brussels is 
that the trade war language 
has got out of hand and that 
direct contact between Euro- 
pean and American leaders at 
Tokyo will cool things down. 

Six of the summit partici- 
pants are from EEC nations. 
In addition, the EEC will be 
represented by M Jacques 
Defers, President of the Euro- 
pean Commission, and Mr 
Ruud Lubbers, the Dutch 
Prime Minister and current 
president of the EEC Council 
of Ministers. This is only the 
second time the Council Presi- 
dent has taken part in the 
annual summit. 

EEC officials acknowledge 
that terrorism will be high on 
the agenda, and there are 
hopes that the rift in the 
Western alliance over how to 
deal with Libyan terrorism 
can be patched up. 

But EEC officials insist that 
the heart of the Tokyo agenda 
is monetary and financial 
stability, together with interest 
rates. Third World debt and 
global energy problems. Ter- 
rorism should not dominate 
the discussions, they said. 

Reagan in Bali, page 8 

Soviet soldiers wave goodbye at Kabul airport yesterday after finishing their military service in Afghanistan. 

Bomb at 
home of 

Santiago (UPI) — A bon 
exploded outside the house of 
Mr Harry Barnes, the Ameri- 
can Ambassador to Chile yes- 
terday, causing some damage 
but no injuries, an embassy 
official said. No one claimed 

The blast came one day 
after three explosions that 
killed three people and injured 

Two men and a woman 
were killed on Monday by a 
bomb that exploded, appar- 
ently as they were putting it 
together, in Villa Alemana. 80 
miles west of Santiago, police 

A second bomb exploded in 
the business centre of Santia- 
go. Police said four women 
were injured. Two hours earli- 
er. a blast in a University of 
Santiago arts building injured 
a guard and shattered 50 

Former MP killed 
in Dhaka violence 

From Ahmed FazL Dhaka 

A leading politician and 
former MP from the opposi- 
tion Awami League was mur- 
dered outside Dhaka as 
violence erupted during cam- 
paigning for the May 7 parlia- 
mentary election. 

Police said unidentified gun- 
men fired mi Rabiiil Aval 
Kiron, aged 4a general secre- 
tary of the League's local 
branch in Narsingdi town, 
about 34 miles east of here. 

He was shot three times and 
then knifed to death on Mon- 
day night 

Kiron, who had been cam- 
paigning for the Awami 
League candidate in the area 
was the first leading member 
of a political party to be killed 
in this week's campaign 
on rest. 

Meanwhile, hundreds of 
thousands of people turned out 
yesterday in Dhaka, chanting 
slogans against the elections 

as Begum Khaleda Zia, the 
Bangladesh opposition leader, 
urged the army to rise up 
against the military regime. 

She announced a country- 
wide six-bom- general strike 
on May 4 in a bid to resist the 

• Marxists lynched: Seven 
members of an underground 
radical Marxist group were 
lynched by an angry crowd of 
about 5,000 after they had 
shot dead two people and 
looted a state-owned hank in a 
township outside die port city 
of Chittagong about 149 miles 
from here in south-eastern 
Bangladesh on Monday. 

Local police said that about 
25 members of the outlawed 
Sarbahara Party staged a 
bank holdup and looted about 
about 300,000 taka (£0500), 
shooting dead two people and 
injuring 50 others while 

Iran army 
on Basra 

Tehran (AFP) - Iran an- 
nounced yesterday that its 
troops were advancing on 
Basra in a new long-awaited 
offensive from the Fao penin- 
sula where they claimed to 
have destroyed four Iraqi 
brigades on Monday nighL 
Radio Tehran interrupted 
normal programmes to an- 
nounce the new offensive on 
Iraq's second largest city. It 
said reinforcements had been 
pouring in to the territory held 
by Iranian troops, notably 
across a steel and roam rubber 
floating bridge over the Shart 
al -Arab waterway running 
along the frontier. 

The Iranian news agency 
claimed that in Monday 
night's fighting more than 
4.000 Iraqi soldiers had been 
killed or wounded. It added 
that a surprise attack in the 
peninsula had paralysed Iraqi 

blamed on 

From Michael Hamlyn 

There was continued specu- 
lation in Western embassies in 
Delhi yesterday about Presi- 
dent Babrak Kannal of Af- 
ghanistan, who foiled, to 
attend his country's national 
day celebrations last weekend. 

His absence was explained 
by the Government media as 
being due to medical treat- 
ment in Moscow taking longer 
than expected, implying he 
was still there. References to 
him in the state-controlled 
media subsequently have been 
few — a marked contrast to the 
normal state of affairs. 

In his place on tbe parade 
reviewing stand — which polit- 
ical students say reveals the 
true stale of affairs — was 
Sultan Ali Kishunand, the 
Prime Minister, whose recent 
visit to Moscow received 
much publicity both in the 
Soviet Union and in Afghani- 
stan. One Western embassy 
suggested this may put him in 
line for the presidency. Other 
observers, however, rule him 
out because be is a Shi a 
whereas most of the popula- 
tion are Sunni Muslims: he 
also comes from the Hazrajal 
where it is thought tbe 
country's leader should come 
from the majority ethnic 
grouping of the Pushtu. 

He was flanked by Dr 
Muhammad Najibullah, the 
former head of the secret 
police force, Khad, and a 
member of the party secretari- 
at. and Mr Noor Ahmad 
Noor, a member of the Polit- 
buro. The keynote address 
was made by Mr Nazar Mu- 
hammad. the Minister of 



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Sabotage fears 
as Emperor’s 
60 -year reign 
is celebrated 

. From David Watts, Tokyo 

Japan's 124th Emperor cel- 
ebrated his sixtieth year on the 
Chrysanthemum Throne yes* 
today as tbonsands of police 
stood by on special security 

A ceremony of austere for- 
mality beneath a spotlighted 
rising sun Dag marked the 
longest reign of any emperor m 
a dynasty believed the oldest 
in the world. 

The first 14 emperors are 
now thought to have been 
mythical figures bat the next 
in line. Emperor Ojin, is 
believed to have ruled from the 
late fourth century. 

Six thousand guests, includ- 
ing sportsmen and women, 
politicians and personalities 
from the arts world, saw 
Emperor Hirobito arrive for 
the ceremony in perfect spring 
weather. Neither Empress 
Nagako nor Crown Princess 
Michiko was well enough to 

In contrast to tbe vintage of 
the imperial dynasty the build- 
ing in which the celebrations 
were held is one of tbe newest 
in Tokyo. 

Police were -stationed every 
5ft around the site and all 

roads were sealed off in fear of 

attacks by radical leftists who 
have pledged to smash both 
the imperial celebrations mid 
the summit meeting of seven 
industrial countries in Tokyo. 

In the early hours of yester- 
day a man was blinded when a 
bomb went off in the public 
lavatory of a Tokyo park about 
two miles from tbe palace. 

Train services were halted 
for 90 minutes in two places 
after sabotage attacks claimed 
by the country's most radical 
left-wing group Chnkaku-ha. 
Communications cables were 
burnt at Osaka in tbe west and 
on a prestige line in central 
Japan. Services ran late after 
the resumption. 

The same group has threat- 
ened to assassinate both tbe 
Emperor and the Prime Min- 
ister. Last year Chukakn-ha 
threw the Tokyo rail system 
into chaos after simultaneous 
attacks put several commuter 
lines out of action. 

In a speech of congratula- 
tion, Mr Yasuhiro Nakasone, 
the Prime Minister, said that 
bonds between Emperor and 
people had grown stronger and 
stood tbe test of history. 

The Emperor, reading from 
a formal speech in bis charac- 
teristic high-pitched voice, 
hoped for peace and the 
happiness of the world 

Though the actual date of 
the anniversary does not fall 
until December the Govern- 
ment derided to hold the 
ceremony to coincide with tbe 
eighty-futh birthday of the 
Emperor which fell yesterday. 

Opposition from tbe Social- 
ist and Communist parties has 
centred on the Government's 

ese of tbe anniversary for 
political reasons In trying to 
prolong Mr Nakasone's ten- 
ore and boost the ruling 
Liberal Democratic Party in 
elections which are due to be 
held in Jane. 

Rallies in opposition to tbe 
celebrations were held all over 
the country with one of tbe 
largest in Tokyo organized by 
labour and women's groups. 
The rally called for the public 
to re-evaluate the relationship 
between democracy and the 
imperial system. 


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Leading the way to the USA 

The Reagan tour 

Bali visit soured 
by expulsion of 
three journalists 

Nusa Dua, Bali (Reuter) — was. picked up by Indonesian 
President Reagan, carrying his security men and put on a 
“Winds of Freedom" message plane to Jakarta and Bangkok 
to Indonesia, was garlanded a few hours befofeMr Reagan 
with flowers and welcomed by arrived, 
dancing girls last night at the She had been denied a visa 
start ofa four-day .visit to BaK. by the Government and came 
But the start of his visit has to Bali as a tourist, 
been soured by Indonesia's Indonesia also rejected 
tough attitude to the foreign high-level US pleas and stood 
press. by a decision not to allow in 

Indonesia ejected Miss Bar- Mr Jim Middleton add Mr 
bara Crossette, a New York Richard Palfreyman, Austro 
Times correspondent, from lian Broadcasting Corporation 
Bali and refused to allow in journalists. • # 1 ' 
two Australian journalists Mr Edward Rjerejian. 4 
travelling with the White deputy White House press 
House press party. spokesman, said that Indone- 

Mr R eagan was greeted by sian security and tmimgra&on 
President Suharto of tadone* officials boarded the' plane 
sia after Air Force One and took them , away to an 
touched down on the short immigration centre. He said 
runway at Ngurah Rai airport there was “virtually no 
on the tropical island. explanation”. They would be 

Miss Crossette, an Ameri- put on a plane tor Tokyo, he 
can. who is based in Bangkok, added. • 

US will maintain 
interest in Asean 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

When President Reagan be- manlst resistance tnCarabodfo 
g i g s milts tomorrow with the strongly, but has been careful 
foreign ministers of six South- not to endorse toe Khmer 
East Asian nations, he will Sfinentnflht. 
assure them that the US is The President will give coa- 
deterrained to remain involved- tinned hacking to ■ Amos 
in eco nomic and security mat- efforts to negotiate a se ttle- 
ters in the kdob. inert, but will insist that 

But he will face tough Hanoi must accept a c omnnt- 
questioning oa the growing meat to withdraw its forces 
moves in the US towards before Washington restores 
protectionism, and die six d ip l omati c rotations, 
members of the Association of The Ball meeting comes two 

South-East Asian Nations months after the dmnge ot 
(Asean) — Singapore. Thai- government hi the Philippines, 
land, I mkraeste, Malaysia, the and Washington’s backing for 
PhUli pines and Brunei, most democratic and economic re- 
write substantial Muslim pop- rival there will form toe 
illations — may also voice background to talks on US 
sharp disagre em ent with US defence commitments to its 
policy towards IJbya ami the Asian allies. 

Middle East. Mr Reagan, Jbowever, wffi 

ThaBand’s vote in the UN have to use his diplomatic skfll 
Security Council against tee to -aroH sugrestom to Jfe 
US attack oa Libya has upset hosts, toe Indanes&ns, tost 
Washington deeply. ' the US is to take a tougher fiqe 

Regional security wfll be a with other authoritarian but 
main topic, and especially the friendly governments- - 
continued occupation of Cam- The booming trade b etween 

bodia by Vietnamese forces. Asean and tbe US has made 
Before leaving Washington, die association America's fifth 
Mr Reagan said that the largest trading partner. US 
refusal of Vietnam to with- investors now nave a stake to 
draw was damagfog its own the reeoa jrf over $10 bUBon 
interests. (£6.5 bfltion), and HUS conft- 

“The United States has doee in tee repoob growth is 
made It dear that ft’s ready to one reason for the pomingaor 
participate c onstructiv ely in. caUedtgfeacific fflr fa wash- 
en overall settlement* he -■ ingtoo’slforega policy, 1 - 
said. “The Cmmmaist Gov- The avalanche of Asian 
eminent of Vietnam, however, exports to tee US la canting 
to the detriment of its own deep concern in Washington, 
national security, remains Last year the US had a total 
intransigent'' trade deficit with Asean of 

The Reagan Administration over $7.7 Union, about triple 
has supported the non-Com- the $23 billion total of 1982. 

Pupils lose 
in Spain’s 
school war 

PM faces 
vote test 

From Richard Wigg 

More than two and a hall 
million Spanish schoolchil- 
dren are likely to miss school 
all this week as owners ol 
private schools stage whai 
they call a “suspension ol 
activities" in protest at the 
Socialist Government’s new 
policy on education subsidies. 

Senor Jos£ Maria Mara vail, 
the Education Minister, ac- 

effecuTbad* ^^T^ctonsive" 
The organizers claim that on 
the first day of their protest 95 
per cent of the country’s 8,000 
privately-run schools dosed. 

Spain’s so-called “schools 
war” is not about parents’ 
right to send their children to 
fee-paying schools, but about 
efforts by Senor MaravaU to 
exercise stricter control over 
the public funding of such 
schools, which in many cases* 
cover 100 per cent of the 
running costs. 

At state in the dispute Is a 
total of 135,000 million pese- 
tas (£630 million), in stale 
subsidies due to be allocated 
in the new school year. 

The funding, particularly in 
secondary schools, was started 
by the Franco regime with a 
minimum of supervision, and 
the school owners and tbe 
parents’ associations resent 
the minister’s determination 
to limit their powers. 

The “schools war" has dear 
ideological undertones. The 
Socialists are certain to mate 
political capita] out of Senor 
Maravall’s reforms in the 
forthcoming general election 
as most of the private schools 
are run by lay organizations of 
the Catholic Church. Many 
parents believe their children 
gel a better education in such 
schools than in the state 


Spain's right-wing Opposi- 
tion, which took Seflor 
MaravaJl's education law to 
the Constitutional Court and 
lost, has eagerly backed the 

The school owners claim 
that more than 600 private 
schools will be denied subsi- 
dies by Senor MaravalL But 
the Education Ministry says 
that the number would be less 
than 200. 

The owners maintain that 
the Socialists axe trying to u kiU 
ofT private schools. 

From Tony Samstag 

After weds of economic 
uncertainty and industrial tur- 
moil the coalition Govern- 
ment of Mr Kaare Willoch 
yesterday faced a vote of no- 
confidence in the Norwegian 
Parliament The preliminary 
debate was expected to last 
well into the night 

The popular Labour Party 
leader. Mrs Gro Harlem 
Bnindtiand. who was Prune 
Minister briefly in 19&1, will 
probably be asked to form a 
new government if tire Prime 
Minister cannot negotiate last- 
minute approval for his 
“Easter Package" of austerity 
budget measures, which at- 
tempt to recoup lost revenues 
resulting from the collapse in 
oil prices earlier this year. 

Late-night meetings -■ be- 
tween Mr Willoch, coalition 
members and Opposition 
leaders have failed to reach 
agreement in particular tin a 
rise in. petrol taxes. ‘ 

.* Mr willoch' has threatened 
repeatedly to resign over the 
issue and has denounced as 
totally unacceptable Labour’s 
demand of a 2 per cent lax 
increase on higher incomes in 
return for support of toe 
budget package; which has 
proved immensely unpopular. 

Audience wait 
and wait for 
prison Godots 

Stockholm- It was perhaps 
the ultimate test of Sweden's 
famously liberal prison sys- 
tem: a national tour by five 
i nmates of tbe country's top 
maximum security ja3 to Mf. 
form in Samuel Beckett’s nky 
Waiting for Godot (Christo- 
pher Mosey writes). 

Their would-be utimrr fit 
stffl waiting. 

Four out of the five, aD drug 
offenders, absconded through 
an open dressing room window 
just before the first msfat at toe 

City Theatre in Gdteborg 
The play's director, Mr 
Joosson, said jester 
had discerned m the 

langnage” of at leastonL m 
cast “a tanging for freedom." 

Referring to the content of 
Beckett’s enigmatic play, be 
iridfEadt rehearsal has been 
Hke a primal jjcream for 
freedom. - • 





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73.2 to 73£ sec: 
External tank explodes. 
Ort iter disintegrates 
in airstream 

722 to 73.2 sec: 

Booster breaks free at rear, 
clips orbrter’s wing tip 
and bursts external tank 

President Reagan's commission of inquiry into January's 
shuttle disaster has uncovered a remarkable story of poor 
management, safety sacrificed to cost-cutting and danger 
signs ignored or rationalized. Keith Hindley explains what 
happened and how the space agency fell from grace. 

A puff of smoke less 
than ball' a second 
after ignition was 
the first visible sign 
of impending catas- 
trophe as the Challenger space 
shuttle lifted off on January - 
2$. The smoke became ihe 
focus of the presidential 
commission's investigation, 
but the inquiry also fought its 
way through a complex ad- 
ministrative fog to reveal 
astonishing evidence of slack 
management. ignored 
warnings and safety sacrificed 
io expediency. 

It is reasonable to conclude 
that Challenger should never 
have lifted off. The main 
factors are: 

• The makers of the solid- 
rocket boosters wanted to 
cancel the flight but Nasa 
persuaded them to change 
their recommendation. 

• A string of other experts, 
some within the National 
Space and Aeronautic? Agen- 
cy (Nasal itself, had raised 
doubts about the safety of 
seals in the boosters, which 
proved fatally flawed in the 
prevailing conditions. 

• The weather played a cru- 
cial dual role — the tempera- 
ture was below die safe 
operating level for the seals 
and a windshear buffering 48 
seconds into the flight proba- 
bly caused the second, fetal, 
leak of gases. 

• Nasa's budget cuts of the 
last few years seriously affect- 
ed its attitude to safety 

The first, tell-tale puff of 
smoke came from the right- 
hand solid rocket booster. 
These boosters bum a rubbery 
solid that is cast in sections, 
four of which are stacked and 

bolted together to build up 
each booster with heat-resis- 
tant putty. Two large rubber 
seals j oin* (he segments. 

I t will probably never be 
determined whether 
these seals would have 
lasted through the two- 
minute bum of the 
booster. In fact they must 
have been shaken badly by the 
uindshcar buffeting after 48 
seconds because within sec- 
onds smoke appeared again. 
This leak of burning gases was 
the ultimate cause of the 

The weather is the chief 
suspect. Tests showed that the 
rubber rings become hard and 
slow to seal at temperatures 
below about 50T. The launch 
took place at air temperatures 
dose to freezing point. 

This had worried engineers 
from Morton Thiokol. who 
made the boosters, and at an 
eve-of-launch conference they 
voted for postponement of the 
launch. Nasa tried to persuade 
the Thiokol engineers to re- 
consider. They refused. Hav- 
ing failed to gain dear 
approval for a launch, the 
Nasa officials reversed the 
thinking and asked whether 
there was any firm evidence 
that the seals were unsafe at 
low temperatures. The answer 
was no. After much heated 
discussion. Nasa asked for a 
Thiokol management deri- 
sion. Managers agreed to rec- 
ommend a launch. 

These reservations by Thio- 
kol engineers never reached 
senior Nasa management 
charged with making the final 
decision to launch. Worse, the 
commission discovered that 
the seals had worried engi- 

neers and even budget officials 
for at least four years. They 
had been listed as “criticality 
one" (a term describing com- 
ponents whose failure could 
lead to the total loss of a 
shuttle) in 1982. 

A study was started and it 
was agreed that ihe shuttle 
could fly in the meantime. 
The back-up requirement was 
waived, Nasa expressing great 
confidence in the effectiveness 
of the first seal. 

Thiokol were less confident 
One of their engineers said he 
and his colleagues “held their 
breath** for the first two 
minutes of every launch and 
celebrated when the boosters 
burnt oul He admits he was 
shaking as he watched the 
Challenger rise. 

Public concern about the 
situation was eventually 
raised by a Nasa budget 
anaiysL Richard Cook, in July 
last year. He said the seals had 
to be improved: the loss of a 
shuttle would be disastrous 
financially, apart from the loss 
of life. W’ithin weeks, several 
independent memos from 
Thiokol engineers were issued 
raising concern that some- 
thing should be done urgently. 
One suggested that all shuttle 
flights should be postponed 
until the problem was 

The commission has also 
discovered that engineers 
from Rockwell, the shuttle's 
prime contractor, had reserva- 
tions that shattered iddes 
could damage the shuttle's 
delicate heal tiles and said a 
launch may might not be safe. 
Yet another group was wor- 
ried that Challenger had been 
sitting on the launch pad for 
38 days in cold, frequently wet 


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mmmwmr zm 

[ tesHKitd No. 894646 ■■ j 

and sometimes freezing condi- 
tions. They knew that booster 
seals on military rockets like 
the Pershing had shown a 
tendency to absorb water into 
the seal gaps. If that water 
froze it would prevent the 
seals working until the steam 
produced on ignition had 
blown out 

The presidential commis- 
sion has been shocked by the 
way Nasa management sched- 
uled the run-down in shuttle 
funding based ou the most 
optimistic of estimates. Nasa 
has always maintained that 
the shuttle would be a com- 
mercially viable launch vehi- 
cle. covering its costs once 
development was complete. 
This could be achieved only 
by cutting costs and increasing 
the launch frequency (well 
over half the shuttle's operat- 
ing costs are fixed overheads 
spread over whatever number 
of flights are made each year). 

So the budget for booster 
rocket development has fallen 
from £89 million to a planned 
£7 million next year while an 
allocation for dealing with 
unexpected problems fell from 
J 0 per cent of the research and 
development budget in 1982 to 
less than one per cent this 
year. Nasa has been behaving 
as if the shuttle was a mature, 
tested technology, and has not 
wanted to hear about major 
new problems which would 
cause budget difficulties. 

The commission found a 
histoiy of safety being com- 
promised. to some extent, by 
deferring repairs, minimizing 
the need for some modifica- 
tions and muting the urgency 
of some engineering recom- 
mendations. Many worried 
engineers have emerged from 
the Nasa woodwork in recent 

The commission has learnt 
that in the case of 740 items 
where the need for a back-up 
system was regarded as essen- 
tial. it was waived. Cutbacks 
have even affected manage- 
ment in Washington but al- 
ways more on the engineering 
than administrative levels. 
Milton SiJveira. Nasa's chief 
engineer, says his staff has 
been reduced by a third. 
“We're now too short-handed 
to carry out the job”, he says. 
“We’re handling more flights, 
yet taking manpower cuts. 
We're just not able to take a 
dose look at everything. The 
Challenger accident was pre- 
ventable and budget cuts are 
partly to blame.” 

Another problem has been 
the rivalry between each of the 
Nasa research centres. They 
are all in competition for 
funds, and communications 
between them have faltered as 
the rivalry grew. All. but 
especially the Goddard Space- 
flight Centre in Huntsville, 
Alabama, have become secre- 
tive and tended to communi- 


1 Fuss (6) 

4 Dir^(6) 

7 Dipped (4) 

8 Unfamiliar |8l 

9 Swonl sheath (S3 
13 P.E hall <31 

16 Not discernible fl 3) 

17 Peaks ridge (3) 

19 Arch link <S) 

24 Circle quarter (8) 

25 Desire (4) 

26 Dog house {6) 

27 Below (6) 


1 Hazard (41 

2 Of town (9) 

3 Small firework IS) 

4 Afinonado(5) 

5 Marsh 14) 

6 Poverty stricken /5) 13 Double Dutch (9) 20 Oyster gem 15) 

10 Exposes (5) 14 Hum assembly (4) 21 Impossible (W) 

11 FommlSl 15 Galvanised iron (4) 22 South Yeman (4) 

12 Loved excessive!} 15) 18 Egg sac! 5) 23 Lightly hum (4) 


.ACROSS: 1 One-off 5 Pose 8 Inga 9 Sapling 11 Frenetic 13 
Data IS Distinguished 17 Nik lSLamp-posl 21 Ewe-neck 22 

. 6 Spinach 7DiL 
[ieni 19 Opium 28 

Deep 22 Rl 



Failure of the system 

0 58.8 to 72.2 sec: 
Smoke and flame 
break through seal 

cate policy derisions to their I 
colleagues without revealing 
the discussions behind them. 

The commission’s revela- 
tions will shake Nasa as 
nothing else has. The organi- 
zation clearly has to change. 
“We will not launch again 
until safety-related problems 
have been properly addressed 
throughout the Nasa system”, 
Richard Truly, the new shuttle 
programme director, says. But 
that will require money on a 
scale that the US Congress 
may not be prepared to supply 
and delays that shuttle cus- 
tomers may be unable to 

Above all. Nas3 and the US 
establishment must throw 
away the notion that the 
shuttle is a commercially via- 
ble space launcher. Viewed 
realistically, the shuttle cannot 
now compete commercially 
with Ariane, the European 
Space Agency's launcher, and 
may not be able to compete 
with Russian vehicles already 
on offer and Japanese and 
Indian launchers under 

Certainly the shuttle disas- 
ter — and the commission's 
report — demonstrate that 
Nasa's long run of successes 
was heavily dependent on its 
access to almost limitless 
aerospace activities. 

Nasa’s wort is organized 
into projects, its engineers 
working in close cooperation 
with (usually) one main out- 
side contractor and a number 
of sub-contractors. Each col- 
laborator has its own hierar- 
chy of engineers and managers 
and each project is overseen 
by a management team in 
Wash ington. 

I n rts heyday, during the 
Apollo moon landing 
project, Nasa built an 
impressive reputation 
for sharp, competent 
management, dealing with the 
parade of unforeseen prob- 
lems that always arise with 
projects being conducted at 
the cutting edge of high- 
technology research. 

Nasa has always been in- 
volved with audacious leaps 
in high technology since only 
impressive major projects 
have any real chance of being 
fended enthusiastically by the 
US Congress and Senate 
But in recent years, massive 
overspending in major 
prefects at a time when annual 
budgets were felling has re- 
moved the freedom from 
Nasa's decision-making pro- 
cess. Everyone is acutely 
aware that fends are short and 
problems can no longer be 
solved by throwing money at 

Therefore engineers and 
management have been forced 
lo look at alternative, cheaper 
solutions — “fix it" rather than 
“redesign it”. 

48 to 57 sec from launch: 
Shuttle and launcher 
severely buffeted 

External tank 



Solid rocket boosters 

Booster attachment ring 

Shuttle ^ 
main engines 


The Presidential commiss- 
ion's first job has been to 
determine exactly what did 
happen when the space shuttle 
Challenger rose off die launch 
pad on January 28. A detailed 
study of all film, video and still 
photography, engineering data 
radioed to the ground or 
recovered from the shuttle's 
flight recorders has allowed a 
precise chronology of die brief 
flight to be reconstructed. The 
timings are in seconds measur- 
ing from the ignition of the 
solid rocket boosters (SRBs). 
-6.6 Three main shuttle 
engines ignite and ’ 
computers check 
power output is 

(LO Solid rocket boosters 
(SRBs) ignite: 6/100ths of 
a second later, shuttle 
’ Wts off the launch pad. 

(L4 Puff of white, then 

black smoke appears at 
lowest sea) on right 
hand SRB. Smoke builds 
into quite a cloud. 

7.7 Shuttle begins to roll 
over onto rts back to head 

12Ji Smoke from the right- 
hand SRB suddenly fades. 
20J Shuttle's main engines 
throttle back to 94 percent 

21.1 Roll manoeuvre is 

36.1 Main shuttle engines 
throttle back to 65 per 
cent power, reducing 
stress on launcher in 
dense lower 

48.0 Shuttle encounters 
intense atmospheric 
windshear with severe 
buffeting, far worse than 
on any previous 
launch. Rough ride lasts 
tor nine seconds. 

52J Main engines throttle 
up to 104 per cent power, 
placing increased 
strain on launcher which is 
carrying its heaviest 
ever payload. 

57 J) Windshear buffeting 

5&8 Smoke again 

escaping from lowest 
right-hand SRB seal. 

59.0 Maximum strain on 
spacecraft and launcher 
from aerodynamic 

Early warning 7; less than 

half a second after 

ignition, a puff of smoke 
appears from the right- 
femd solid rocket booster 

59*2 Sharply defined plume 
of fire appears on side of 

60-2 Thrust of right-hand 
SHB begins to fan behind 
teft-hand booster as 
9 “ iB3k 9T0WS. 

60.6 Plume spreads, grows 
- into a large flame, 

6L4 Control surfaces on 
shuttle's wings begin to 
correct imbalance of 

thrust from SRBs. 

6A9 Shutt le's main motor 

nozzles turned to correct 
me thrust imbalance 
now grown to more than 

cent (I°0, 000 
of thrust). Automatic 
pilot has ordered these 

corrections, but the 

mission 's commander 
Frands Scobee would by 
now be aware of a 
serious problem. 

66-2 Bright spots of fire 
appear around SRB seal, 
especially on side 
lacing orbiter and external 
fuel tank. 

66-5 Pressure of fuel 
leaving external tank 
begins to fluctuate; 
instruments would make 
• this clear to Scobee. A 
bright glow, possibly 
caused by leaking fuel, 
grows between orbiter 

_ and right-hand SR8. 

67.7 SRB seal now gone 
completely, leaving a ring 
of fire tike a spurting • 
shower head, 

72J2 Launch vehicle veers 
■ HSPS SK* 8 38 right-hand 
SRB breaks free of 
matted rear connection 
point SRB swings 
outwards, attached only 
near the nose. Red 
tights flash all over 
Scobees control 

72JB Right-hand SRB 
damages Challenger's 
right wing lip. 

73.1 near of stray booster 
swing s out and nose 
pierces top of external 
tow near liquid oxygen 

72 - 2 Flames flash forwards 
along external tank 
causing massive 
ggl^nearox, gen 

73£ Shuttle's number 
ooenton engine shuts 
down due to an 

overheated fuel 
turbopump. The other 

ehQtoes begin to follow 
and Francis Scobee 
opens up his radio 

channel to speak to 

™Ksysr ,Bl “'- 

disintegrates from 
aerodynamic forces, 

««jng nose down. Cabin 
section tumbles freeof 
aeons, apparently . . 
damaged but intact 
280 Three and a half 


■■ assess 

j®yof ttte i crew who may 

:2SaSf^ “a 



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v -*• r- 

The announcemen t 
last week of a 
- referendum on div orce 
in the Irish Republic 
may signal a battle 
royal between church 
andstate, Richard Ford 
writes from Dublin 

=wa You*"** 

f) ) V \ 

moving the fear 
cervical cancer 

\ xS 

F rom the team that convulsed 
the Irish Republic with an 
anti-abortion amendment 
and reform of the family 
planning laws comes the next 
a ™J probably final battle between 
church and state: the removal of the 
constitutional ban on divorce. 

_.j5? four years since Dr Garret 
FitzGerald came to power on a wave 
of support from liberal urban voters 
have at times seemed like a long- 
running serial on the question of the 
Irish and sra. A constitutional amend- 
ment forbidding abortion was passed 
in 1983 after a divisive referendum 
during which the country was given 
. one huge sex education lesson. Last 
year a police inquiry into a child's 
murder turned into the “Kerry babies" 
case, where attitudes towards adultery, 
women, sex and illegitimacy raiw 
under the spotlight; even the modest 
reform in 1985 of contraceptive laws 
brought agonizing from the church 
and its members militant 
But behind the contraceptive issue 
was the much bigger question of 
divorce, which Dr FitzGerald is now 
confronting by means of a rcferen- i 
dum, probably in June, to remove the 
constitutional ban. 

Thai personal bequest of de Valera 
to future generations, the written 
constitution of 1937, states in Article 
41 that "no law shall be enacted 
providi ng for the grant of a dissolution 
of marriage". But without divorce, in 
the words of Mrs Nuala Fennell, a 

” i I The fear of cervical cancer 
I that touches every woman 
j | who has had an abnormal 
j result from a smear test is 
„ i no - * becoming increasingly 

y groundless because of im- 

I provemems in detection and 
treatment. Several events this 
— j { week emphasize the progress 
<— ■ ■ that is being made. 

| T oday. King’s College Hos- 
j pits'. London, receives a 
donation of £28.090 raised by 
| readers of Cosm-jpoktan 
magazine to buy seven 
coiposcopes. the equipment 
| which accurately identifies" 
the first signs of cancer of the 
cer. i\. It is fast beconuns an 
mi essential item in hospitals 
C and . clinics throughout 
'JZ&r I Bn tain. ' 

i Tomorrow, two groups of 



' g> r.aecologists will enrol in 
jithe latesf of a series of 
{| intensive courses to train 
jSthem in the use of the 
1 IB colposcope. Hundreds of 
]3 their fellow specialists have 
"ig alrecd;. mastered the tech- 
{ p nique and are now- using it for 
||| the benefit of many thou- 
fj sands of women. 

- -■- s - .-*s 

fact he only visited Manchester once 
lo sign documems and had no 
intention of leaving the republic. 
Similiar “Irish ingenuity" was used 

junior government minister, thou- for his remarriage a year ago, when he 
sands are doomed “to live lonely travelled lo Northern Ireland, esub- 

celibate lives or alternatively join the 
ranks of irregular relationships within 
which they are discriminated against 
under our social welfare and tax codes, 
forgo legal and succession rights and 
have their children labelled 

Some keep secret from family. 

y join the iished domicile by signing papers, 
ps within returned to Dublin and seven days 
d against later married in a civil ceremony at 
tax codes. Belfast City Hall, 
ighis and “1 was legally divorced in the UK 
labelled and legally married in the UK. but in 
the eyes of the Roman Catholic 
i family. Church 1 am still married to my first 

neighbours and even priests that they wife and any children of my second 
are not married. Others ctenge their relationship will be illegitimate. Mar- 
name by deed poll and them are those riage is a contract in the eyes of the 
who use ingenuity and a little law- Irish state but it's the only contract 

breaking to make it all legitimate. 

ne couple happily admit to 
b * being “bigamists" after 

a m countering parental pres- 

sure by travelling to Scot- 
land for a register office 
wedding; the bride remains married to 
her first husband. • 

Several options exist for ending a 
marriage, but all fall short of divorce. 
A judicial separation acknowledges 
that the marriage is finished but does 
not allow remarriage; a civil annul- 
ment leaves both partners free to 
remarry, although the children of that 
relationship are illegitimate; a church 

without an out clause and it is time the 
people of Ireland were allowed such a 
clause", he says. 

For almost 50 years the Irish have 
Jived with the ban, but since the 
middle 1960s it has been under grow- 
ing attack, figures for those affected 
by marital breakdown are conflicting, 
with the Divorce Action Group claim- 
ing 70,000 in total out of a population 
of 3.5 million, but social welfare 
statistics suggesting only 30,000. The 
discrepancy probably results from a 
natural reluctance by some people to 
admit that they are living apart from 
their spouse, although attitudes in the 
republic are changing fast Years ago it 

annulment allows partners to remarry w <>uld have spelt political suicide for a 
although there are on average only taoiseach to suggest a divorce law, but 
about 75 cases each year and the ev ,f n ..S? binel roasters and 

- - backbench MPs can admit to living 

second marriage is not recognized by 

the state; and a foreign divorce is a P ar * their wives without loo 
recognized in the republic only if it is 1 ® u ‘ ofretnbuuon. 

obtained by a man in a country where iT ine referendum approves a 
he intends to spend his life. If a government plans to 

woman goes through the same proce- introduce divorce law characterized as 
dure the divorce is not recognized in 

the republic. 

but as liberal by Family Solidarity, a 

Foreign divorce was how Brendan nationwide pressure group formed to 
(he did not want his real name used) upho,d traditional values, 
ended his six-year marriage, which The divorce proposals would insert 
began amid high hopes on a package into the constitution a law based on 
trip to Rome. “The Rome marriage the irretrievable breakdown of mar- 
was very accepiable to the family riage and attainable only after five 
because we were effectively going to years' separation. By inserting the law 
Head Office to get- married.” Two into the constitution, the Taoiseach is 
years ago. in order to remarry, he trying to maximize the chances of 
obtained a divorce bv claiming he had winning the referendum as n will leave 
lived in Britain for a year, although in future generations the power to amend 

the law and so assuage present public 
concern about the dangers of rapidly 
drifting to divorce on demand. 

The five-year qualifying condition 
has been welcomed by ihe Divorce 
Action Group for both political and 
social reasons. One member, Andrea 
Bridges, separated from her husband 
for 10 years, says: “As a person who 
has gone through the separation and 
who has made another relationship. I 
would say you need about five years to 
gel over a marriage. I have a few 
friends who would have been disas- 
trously married twice and even three 
times if they could have remarried in 
less than five years." 

S ince her marriage broke up, 
Andrea, aged 38. has made a 
second relationship' with Tom 
Kennedy, a marketing execu- 
tive. by whom she has had a 
son, Cten. a brother for the two 
daughters of her marriage. She refused 
to accept her solicitor's advice to try' 
for a civil annulmem as she was 
unwilling to say there had never been a 
marriage or to confine her daughters 
to the status of being illegitimate. 

Under Irish law. Cian has a claim on 
the estate of Andrea’s husband, but 
not of his real father, and so u> ensure 
security for him they have taken out 
an insurance policy to be held in trust 
until he grows up. “But in many 
similar cases the child would be in 
limbo if anything happened to the 
parents", she says. 

She wants the divorce so that, in 
Tom’s words, they can marry' and put 
“everything above board”. Andrea 
asked: “Why in Ireland should your 
husband be tied irrevocably to you 
when you might hate him?" 

Despite offering assistance and 
guidance to those faced with the 
trauma of marital breakdown, both 
the Roman Catholic Church and 
Family Solidarity will oppose 1 the 
referendum. The bishops will empha- 
size the indissolubility of marriage but 
will widen the issue to include the 
effect on the family and on children in 
particular. Aware that support for 
divorce is growing, the hierarchy is 
anxious to avoid making the issue a 

C : ^-'0 sancs of women. 

each year in Britain, more 
. 1 it than 4.000 women are diag- 

j j t nosed as having cervical can- 
A. ) vy, sjs: ; | cer: half of them die. Severny 
^ a per com of the cases, and 85 

j y per cent of the deaths, are in 
H w-omen aged over 45. But 
fc there has been a worry 1 ing 
3 increase in fatalities in worn- 
■ _>!' *v | p en under 35, even though 
g^'lmor* than a million and a 
half women in this age group 
I mji , il. j? have a smear test each year. 

CQ ^, d 

t of the church's role in Ireland for it * m P rove Screening 

lest of the church's role in Ireland for [j 
fear that if it loses, as it did on family | 
planning, it will further weaken and r 
damage the institution. j; 

Bishop Joseph Cassidy insists: i 
“The pulpit will be used but not fj 
abused. We do not dictate. We teach 
and the people are free to follow their 
own conscience as the final arbiter.” 

Others suspect that hardliners will 
be unable to resist using the pulpit to 
point to the consequences for Ireland 
and ns people if divorce is introduced. 
The speed with which the government 
acted, taking the church and Family- 
Solidarity by surprise, was an attempt 
to settle the issue quickly and prevent 
priests thundering to their fiock ■ 
Sunday after Sunday. * 

Although Family Solidarity denies ; is a battle between church and 
stale. Mrs Bernadette Bonnar, a 
member of its executive, ays the 
referendum will be a. "close-run 
thing”. To her the referendum is an 
opportunity lor the people to defend < 
traditional values and culture. “May- i 
be we can give a lead. This change is 
for the worse and we must stand up 
and try and stop it. We would be a 
worthless nation to do otherwise." ■ 
A lifelong Fine Gael supporter, she 
is contemptuous of Dr FitzGerald, for 
whom divorce is an issue he cannot 
lose politically whatever the outcome. 
He needed to act because a new third 
party, the Progressive Democrats, has j 
been drawing support from exactly the • 
liberal urban vote that put him in 
power, and his much trumpeted 
“constitutional crusade” to remove 
laws which allowed critics of the 
republic to say “Rome rules" had 
produced little. If the referendum is ! 
lost the Taoiseach will at least be able I 
to say that he has attempted to live up 
to his reputation as a “liberal j 
crusader. i 

The church will live to fight another I 
day. probably aware that it is only jj 
delaying divorce. Defeat will deeply | 
disappoint those affected by broken 9 
marriages, but as Andrea Bridges says: jj 
“We will have our normal Irish R 
solution to an Irish problem. There is » 
no one bener than the Irish at finding a | 
way to eel round the law." L? 

R The two priorities, there- 
p fore, must be for more exten- 
h sive screening of women 31 
} risk, and greater application 
J by doctors of the latest meth- 
od j to identify and treat 
5 cervical abnormalities that 
; could develop into cancer. 

5 ^n overhaul of the exist- 
; ing. much-criticized cervical 
■ screening programme is al- 
- ready under way. and the 
j introduction of a national 
! computerized system should 
i- soon- lead to : mere frequent 
5 testing and belter safeguards. 
:■ -For women whose tests 
s require funner investigation. 

! .the path chosen by more and 
: more specialists is 
colposcopy, followed if neces- 
sary by laser treatment to 
i eradicate potentially cancer- 
{ ous cervical tissue. 

! The colposcope is a type of 
i microscope which allows 
about XMimes magnification 
to identify very accurately 
j and assess any problem areas 
of the cervix. The procedure 
takes about 15 minutes and is 
! v inuaflv' painless. The e\am- 
li ining clinician may take at 

I ihe same time a sample of 
cervical tissue for analysis. 

The colposcope was in- 
vented in Hamburg in the 

! early 1920s but did not begin 
to find a place in British 
medicine until the late 1970s. 
It is now used by more than 
5 t>00 specialists in British hos- 

With Julie 
Alan Bates on 
the set of 
Duet for One 

We’ve gone to the dogs 

It was the realization 
£T that middle age had 
surreptitiously round- 
Bfc &a ed our contours and 

stiffened our joints .... 

It was the realization 
£T that middle age had 
surreptitiously round- 
wfc &a ed our contours and 
stiffened our joints 
that prompted us to acquire a 
dog. Balking at the suggestion 
of jogging or aerobics to work 
us back to youth, we opted for 
the gentler alternative of wa Ik- 
ing. A dog seemed the only 
way of ensuring that we kept to 
our good intentions. 

Our knowledge of canine 
breeds was limited and we 
liked the idea of offering 
refuge to an abandoned ani- 
mal. so we set off for the 
nearest Dog Rescue Home. 

Our enthusiasm was soon 
dashed when we discovered we 
were not allowed even to see 
the dogs until we had been 

Alarmed, we enquired what 
this meant. As well as being 
told that someone would come 
to inspect our house, we were 
presented with a lengthy ques- 

Fashion in 
Country Life 

Nov Jp'Ilti- iV.un thi- k-jJinuM Ju»n 
h> him 1 . int'l.M- in*, .'irrirry 
Lie; .iti 1 1 min I-iJiImii rmnilt r 
Bmi- 1 Rr-j-T, siu. - ■ i>’ii <- 

.lip .«• M.fvih XnJ u\thi' iJi.iI i. .ri.-.t^lnnfihv inpfr.n, 
•ntii-r.i'iiipininn ii-.-nKt*. 
tit : .ilit* iijni tln-i'a-liii.n 1 i\i;.vll.\fcer 

01.261 5401. 

Auriol Chisholm 

donnaire to complete. Was our 
garden fenced in? Had we 
children under five? Was there 
someone in the house all day? 

It was the last question that 
particularly concerned me. I 
timidly muttered something 
about working a couple of 
hours every afternoon, to 
which I received the stern 
response: “We do expect our 
owners to be in most of the 
day. Of course, they can go out 

Going home dogless, I be- 
gan to fear that we might not 
be “approved". It was not so 
much being refused a dog that 
concerned me. but ibe shame 
of my home not being consid- 
ered habitable for one. What 
were they looking for? 

For a whole week I managed 
to keep the house tidy. I 
refused all temptations to go 

on shopping sprees and stayed 
indoors. After a week the 
effort did not seem north the 
dog and I decided i would 
neier get on with anything 
that needed a tidy house. We 
had also run out of food. 

1 had almost forgotten about 
the whole matter when the 
inspector from the dogs' home 
arrived. Clipboard in hand, 
she swept through the piles of 
ironing and strode into the 
garden. Our unfenced plot 

stretched into a scented blue- 
bell wood surrounded by 
school playing fields. “Don't 
choose a jack Russell, he'll 
disappear", she said as she 
pressed (be “approied” card 
into my hand. 1 felt as if 1 had 
passed an exam. 

And thus it was that we fell 
in love with an insatiably 
active Jack Russell and took 
him apprehensively home. He 
troiced into our sitting room, 
sniffed around, and then 
cocked his leg regally on our 
precious red velvet sofa. My 
husband froze. 

it was not long before I 
discovered why ideal aban- 
doned dog owners- are people- 
who stay at home. They are 
either so exhausted from being 
dragged across the country- 
side by an ecstatically happy 
dog, or else they hare to stay in 
to preterit the dog bowling, 
miserably because it thinks, if 
left for a few minutes, that it Is 
being abandoned for a second 

We do get our exercise come 
rain or simw. but we are no 

thtnatr.or fitter, and the dog is : 
fatter. Bui a new and unex- 
pected dimension has come j 
into our lives. Apart from a j 
mutual admiration society be- j 
tween dog and o» ner, we found 
(hat children stop to talk to us 
and old people smile at us 
and we hare shared the lives of 
strangers who hare 
told us their closest 
secrets w hile Our dogs 
tangle their leads Mr 
round one another. ^ 

Innovations in 
technology and 
training this week 
will give women a 
better chance of 
early detection 

piials and clinics but some 
leading gynaecologists be- 
lieve ihai there is a need for 
yet more training in its use. 
Cowiopoiiun launched a 
campaign to fund 
colposcopcs because of its 
concern over the links- be- 
tween genual wans — an 
increasingly .common symp- 
tom of sexually transmitted 
disease - and cervical cancer. 

Following a colposcopy 
and (he results of a biopsy, 
the infected area of the cervix 
can be vaporized by a laser 
beam directed by a specialist 
using a colposcope. Bui this is 
not the only remedy. 

The procedure is usually 
performed in out-patient 
clinics and under a local 
anaesthetic, although in some 
cases that may noi be consid- 
ered necessary. Most patients 
feel well enough after the 
treatment to walk out of the 
clinic, although many prefer 
to lake the rest of the day off 
work, and some may be 
offered a rest bed. The conse- 
quences of the treatment are 
slight bleeding and a mild 
discharge, which may last for 
up to a fortnight. 

Professor Frank Sharp, 
professor of gynaecology and 
obstetrics at Sheffield Uni- 
versiiy. was one of the first 
specialists in Britain to use 
the laser. “The treatment is 
9b per cent effective — that 
son of success rate anywhere 
in medicine is extremely 
impressive", he said. 
Professor Sharp starts his 

latest intensive, two-da v 
training course in the use ot 
colposcopes J® r 

gynaecologists at the North- 
ern General Hospital in Shel- 
field tomorrow. A similar 
course also starts tomorrow 
at the Roval Northern Hospi- 
tal in London, under the 
direction of a leading- special- 
ist. Mr Albert Singer. Those 
attending the courses will 
later improve their skills 
under supervision for up to 
nine months before applying 
them to patients. 

“Every woman who has an 
abnormal smear deserves a 
colposcopy". Professor Sharp 
said. “We can tailor its use to 
individuals but everything 
depends on women having a 
smear test.” 

The success rate 
is very high 

After laser treatment, pa- 
tients are required to undergo 
two follow-up smear tests and 
two further colposcopies at 
intervals of four and ten 
months In practice, these 
checks are often carried out 
six months and a year after 
the initial treatment. 

At many NHS hospitals, 
specialists arc' faced with a 
constant demand from pa- 
tients referred by their gener- 
al practitioners. 

“We are overwhelmed by 
the numbers". Professor 
Sharp said. “We dealt with 
about 1.000 new cases last 
year in Sheffield.” 

A consultant gynaecologist 
in north London saidrThere 
is an urgent need for more 
resources. A waiting time of 
three months for a 
colposcopy is becoming more 
common. “For women afraid 
that they may have cervical 
cancer, that is an 
unacceptably tong period." 

Thomson Prentice 

Cervical cancer deaths 

Death rate per million women 

Sou>c« Bmtsn MedC2> Journal 287 

so i" AJA. 

• [Age gfouol 




4? 4? 


for two-year Honours degree 
programmes starting in 
January 1987: 

* Accounting and Financial Management . 
Business Studies 

* Economics 

* Law 

* History, Politics, and English Literature 

* Politics, Economics, and Law 

* European Studies 
(commences October 19S6) 

* Biological Sciences 

* Computer Science 

For a prospectus and application form, 
telephone Buckingham (0280) 8140S0 
or complete the coupon below and 
return to: 

The Admissions Office, 

The University of Buckingham, 
Buckingham MK1S 1EG. 

Please send me a prospectus and 
application form: 



I am interested in the following 

T 4 86 


Ian Smart believes the accident’s lessons may be mainly for Russia 

Tom Burke 


h Tutu’s 
j triumph? 

I -' - Bishop Desmond Tutu will mg ire 
an historic address next month 
; from Westminster Hall if secret 
; plans being discussed this mom- j 
ing "by the Foreign -Affairs Select 
; Committee : go ahead.. The last 
i - address to' both -houses from the 
; * Hall .was" made in I960 '.by Presi- 

• - cdcnl de Oaulle. Yesterday my 
1 . source said such a speech by the 
; Nobel Peace Prize laureate would 
li- be seen as a “subtle attack by 

British . politicians against the 
*- South African authorities”. Yes- 
; terday Black. Rod’s office said Mrs 

■ - Thatcher's permission would not 
i- be required; the nod is required 
; ' only from tiie Speaker of the 
i f House of Commons. Bernard 
\ “ Weatherill; the Lord Chancellor, 

< Lord Haiisbam; and the Lord 

Great . Chamberlain; Lord 
; * Cholmondley. Although it has not 
' ' yet been announced. Bishop Tutu 
; ;; is arriving here late next month. 

Audrey bearded 

I'm glad I'm not the person 

■ ‘ embarrassed yesterday by Tory 
l .' minister Lord Lucas of Cbilworth 

• before a conference of cleaner , 
! salesmen at Olympia. In a de haul ; 
. ; cn has gesture during his speech. 

Lord Lucas asked his civil servant j 
to stand up and identify herself: | 

■ “Audrey, where are you?" To 
much sniggering from the audi- 
ence. Mr Aubrey Pjmlott duly 

- ' stood up. “Just z stip of the 
, d tongue." he assured me yesterday. 

■ “The minister knows perfectly 
. well who 1 am.” 

j Ape unmasked 

The “gorilla’" who was dispatched 
; by the University of London's 
.1 eminent Professor of Morbid 
. Anatomy. Colin Berry, to deliver a 

• gorillagram to the secretary of the 
. Royal- College of lithologists 

; - (Diary yesterday), has come for- 
... ward. Ross Howard- of Allgrams 
refived his horror when, unable to 

• - find the secretary, be burst into the 

library to find a “frightfully 
’• important" meeting of the govem- 
! ing body. They looked shocked, 

; ; he said, “but I made my usual ape 
noises, beat my chest and sang. T 
; * will lake you to the jungle / Away 
and up into a tree / Bananas and 
nuts is what you’ll get from 
; • me / So let me give you a hug and 
a squeeze . . . from Professor 
• ; Colin Berry'.’* As monocles collec- 

• ’ lively dropped, the shocked 
’ professors “got a bit stroppy” and 

• frogmarched Howard to the door. 
”, The purpose of the meeting has 

also emerged. They were discuss- 
i " ing the appointment of (he next 
; . college registrar. Berry was appar- 
I ently a favourite to get the job. 
The man who did get it, Professor 
Jangu Banatvala. has reportedly 
.J been telling friends that “I got in 
; on the anti-gorilla vote". 

■ Still in the red 

■ ' The 3 1 surcharged Lambeth coun- 
•; ciltors musihave scarcely believed 
I r their luck when they read in the 
Diary two weeks ago that highly 

■ placed sources at Conservative 
V Central Office and the Depart- 
■ ment of the Environment were 
!’ claiming that the councillors’ 
; £105.000 debt had been paid by an 

• - unnamed benefactor. Alas, their 
\ solicitor now tells us this is not so. 
.. “Negotiations are merely afoot," 
1. was all the district auditor's 
* . solicitor was prepared to say. 


y/ ■ j 

■J' ♦ * Ch 

9 . ‘Actually, I'm a prison officer. I hit 
a copper on the picket Hne.' 

Bang up to date 

The psychic touch of English 
author Richard Hugo is causing 
alarm at Macmillan Publishers. 
_ He recently delivered his third 
manuscript, provisionally entitled 
Farewell to Russia, which deals 
with a nuclear holocaust in the 
Soviet Union. His most recent 
novel Last Judgement dealt with 
•> Natos installation of binary 
* chemical weapons in Europe. It 
f . was announced this week that 
> Nato is considering the project 
■ His first novel, published in 1983, 
was called The Hitler Diaries. A 
thriller about the laundering of 
fake diaries, it came out a few 
months before the “discovery" of 
the real fakes. It accurately fore- 
saw how the hoax would occur, 
the contents of the fakes. 


Chernobyl is not Sizewell c ?.? 1 l the 

- Because the whole topic arouses 
such strong feelings, any serious 
accident at a nuclear power plant 
is bound to affect nuclear energy 
programmes everywhere. Once 
the world discovers what hap- 
pened at the Chernobyl station, 
however, there is good chance that . 
it will turn out to be a peculiarly 
. Soviet problem. 

- Although it - lags behind the 
United States, and even France, 

: the -Soviet Union ranks as a 
substantial producer of nuclear 
electricity, with about the' same 
number of nuclear generating 
plants as Japan and two and a half 
1 times more than Britain. In addi- 
tion. it is naturally the dominant 
partner in its collaboration with 
Eastern Europe, where all the 
j power reactors now operating are 
of Soviet design. Yet its own 
I reactor programme has evolved, 
by international standards, in an 
idiosyncratic fashion. 

Like their Western counter- 
parts. Soviet scientists and en- 
gineers experimented from the . 
j 1 950s with a variety of designs for 
nuclear power plants. From, that 
process, two separate types 
emerged as the pillars of Soviet 
nuclear electricity supplies. One is 
a family of pressurized water 
reactors (PWRs), known locally by 
their Russian initials VVER ana 
broadly similar to the kind 
commercially prevalent in the 
West (The new plant the Central 
Electricity Generating Board 
wants to build at Sizewell ts a 
PWR and so . was the ill-feted 
reactor at Three Mile Island.) 

Besides making them in two 
sizes for domestic use, the Soviet 
Union has supplied some 15 
WER units to its East European 
neighbours, as well as two to 
Finland, and is either building or 
planning others in places as far 
afield as Cuba, Libya and North 

The WER reactors have gen- 
erally worked well once in service, 
and are intended to be the 
mainstay of Soviet nuclear expan- 
sion for the rest of this century. 
There has been great difficulty, 
however, in building them quickly 
enough.' especially- since - 1983 
when subsidence and bad manage- 

The Secretary-General of the 
United Nations, Javier Perez, de 
Cuellar, will arrive for talks in 
London next month amid the 
worst financial crisis his organiza- 
tion has laced. Despite the im- 
plementation of housekeeping 
economies, there is talk of about 
2,000 jobs being lost and deep cuts 
in UN spending on disaster relief, 
peacekeeping operations and anti- 
drugs activities. With no long- ' 
term solution in sight, the 
implications for tbrftitwroffoe ' 
UN and its agencies, less than a 
year after the organization cele- 
brated its 40th birthday, are likely ' 
to be profound. 

The UN is funded by the 159 
member countries, each of which 
pays a percentage of the budget 
according to its means. Britain 
contributes just under 5 per cent, 
less than France and West Ger- 
many. and less than half that paid 
by Japan. By far the biggest single 
contributor is the United States, 
upon which the UN relies for no 
less than a, quarter of its annual 

Trouble has been building up 
for years, mainly because of the 
tendency among some govern- 
ments to withhold their contribu- 
tions or at least to be slow in 
paying. The Soviet bloc has been 
one of the worst offenders, refus- 
ing for political reasons to pay 
towards UN peacekeeping opera- 
tions among other things. But by 
the end of last year as many as 18 
states were in arrears and Britain 
claims to be the only permanent 
member of the Security Council 
never to have defaulted on its 
financial obligations. 

The slide towards bankruptcy 
has been accelerated by two pieces 
of US legislation during the sec- 
ond half of <985 — the Kassebaum 
Amendment of last August and 
the Gramm-Rudman Act in 
December. The former demanded 
that the American contribution 
should be reduced from 25 to 20 
per cent next October, unless a 

ment combined to cause serious 
damage to the main WER assem- 
bly line at Volgodonsk. As a result, 
nuclear capacity in the USSR is 
likely to fell almost 40 per cent 
below its planned levels by 1990. 

One result of this delay is that 
all the more weight has come to 
rest on the second pillar in the 
Soviet nuclear power programme: 
the RBMK reactor. These re- 
actors. one of which was involved 
in the Chernobyl accident, are 
very different. Their low-enriched 
uranium foel is cooled by ordinary 
water — as in a PWR — but is set 
in a graphite moderator — as in a 
British Magnox or advanced gas- 
cooled reactor plant The RBMK 
fuel elements are distributed 
among no fewer than 1.693 sepa- 
rate vertical channels, indepen- 
dently cooled, in each of which the 
fuel can be exchanged without 
shutting down the reactor itself. 

Nothing quite like the RBMK 
has ever been built for commercial 
electricity purposes . outside the 
Soviet Union. Indeed, the design 
is so cumbersome that Its adop- 

tion by Soviet planners can only 
be explained on the basis of its 
excellent qualities as a machine 
for producing not only electricity 
but also plutonium for civil or 
military use. 

Partly because of the delays to 
the VVER programme, RBMK 
reactors still supply the bulk of 
Soviet nuclear electricity. Since 
the first of the full-scale RBMK 
units was completed in 1973 
outside Leningrad, a total of 15 
have entered service at five sites: . 
four each at Leningrad, Kursk and 
Chernobyl two at Smolensk and. 
most recently, one upgraded unit 
at Ignalino in Lithuania. Together 
they provide 60 per cent of the 
Soviet Union's nuclear generating 
capacity, which in turn produces 
some 1 1 per cent of the country's 
electric power. And 15 more 
RBMKs are still under construc- 
tion or os Soviet drawing-boards. 
If the Chernobyl accident reveals 
some basic flaw in the RBMK 
design, therefore, it will strike a 
heavy blow to the whole national 
electricity system. 

Henry Stanhope on the financial crisis 
threatened by cuts in American aid 

Autumn famine 
the United 

system of “weighted voting" was 
adopted so that those who paid 
most money would have the 
greatest say — on financial mat- 
ters anyway. The latter ordered 
immediate cuts across the board 
in US federal spending with a view 
to balancing the budget by 1991. 

So far the US has withheld more 
than $33m. in addition to $2m it 
was dinging on to for other 
reasons. But what most worries 
the UN now is the order of cuts 
threatened in October when the 
US administration enters its next 
financial year, with both the 
Kassebaum and Gramm-Rudman 
restrictions taking effect 

Perez de Cuellar has already 
ordered a number of economies, 
cutting down on travel and the 
number of consultants for in- 
stance. which should save SlOm. 
Some departments have also been 
threatened with a 10 per cent cut 
in their budgets. But reserve funds 
had already been used up by last 
December and with the crisis 
likely to deepen in the autumn, the 
UN is having to face up to some 
hard decisions. 

Congress is more interested in 
bringing pressure on the UN to 
pul its house in order than to save 
itself hard cash. Congressmen 
were deeply affronted by a UN 
proposal (since deferred) to spend 
S70m on a new conference centre 
in Addis Ababa at a time when 

Ethiopians were starving. A simi- 
lar project to build a centre in 
Bangkok was also held to be 
totally unnecessary — as was a 
proposal to hold three special 
conferences, away from New 
York, on southern Africa. (The 
additional cost of staging them 
away from headquarters was in 
itself equal to the total annual 
contribution to the UN of its 40 
poorest members.) Big financial 
decisions need a two-thirds major- 
ity in the UN. But two-thirds 
could be made up by the 106 
poorest nations, whose combined 
contributions come to less than 2 
per cent of the total budget 
Once again the Americans have, 
won sympathy rather than sup-' 

ftrez de Cuellar? Jookfag 
for comfort from Loadea 

We still know too- tittle about 
events at Chernobyl to assess that 
risk. All that seems certain is that 
there has been catastrophic dam- 
age to at least some of the fuel in 
one of the station's four reactors, 
accompanied by a fire involving 
graphite as well as fuel materials. 

The most obvious cause would 
bea loss of coolant, allowing fuel 
in some of the pressurized chan- 
nels to overheat, burn and ignite 
more fuel and the surrounding 
moderator. But the large number 
of independent cooling circuits in 
an RBMK makes it hard to believe 
that *his could happen in routine 
circumstances without extraor- 
dinary negligence on the part of its 
operators, it may be, therefore, 
that the accident began during 
some special operation, such as an 
exchange of fuel elements while 
the plant was still running. 

In any case, one important 
consideration is that what has 
happened in the Ukraine seems 
unlikely to have direct technical 
repercussions on specific power 
reactors outside the Soviet Union. 
Ostensibly because of its construc- 
tion requirements, but presum- 
ably also because of its plutonium- 
producing qualities, the RBMK 
design has Dever been offered to 
other countries. 

None of that will prevent waves 
of justified or unjustified alarm 
about nuclear power spreading 
across the world from Chernobyl- 
Nor does it by any means rule out 
the potential need for other coun- 
tries to learn important lessons. 
Any reactor can experience some 
sort of loss-of-coolant accident. 
And there are reactors in a number 
of other countries, including Brit- 
ain, which use graphite as a 
moderator or are designed for on- 
load refuelling. 

But the peculiar combination of 
characteristics in the RBMK type 
may yet be that it will be 
somewhat easier to contain at least 
the technical ramifications of this 
accident within the borders of a 
single country than it has been to 
confine its radioactive feli-ouL 

The author is an energy consultant 
and -author of Nuclear Fuel and 
Power, a View Towards 2000. 

port The EEC countries, which 
between them pay about 20 per 
cent of the budget, have made it 
dear to Washington that they are 
less than prepared to pick up the 
extra bill Others point out that if 
the national contributions are 
assessed according to the 
members’ gras national product 
tbe Americans are actually not 
paying enough. Third; World 
countries argue that tbe influence 
of America over the UN, far from 
being disproportionately low, is.- 
far too high. Meanwhile, the 
secretary-general himself is known 
to feel that Washington has acted > 
at a time when the UN’s anti- 
Americanism. hostility towards 
israel and double-standards on 
East-West relations have become 
far less marked 

Be that as it may. there is a note 
of urgency about the UN these 
days as its bureaucrats try to come 
up with the solutions that might 
- forestall the US action. A commit- 
tee of 18 high-level officials has 
been appointed to examine the 
options and a number of ideas are 
already under discussion, includ- 
ing one that would limit the 
contributions of any one member 
to 10 or 13 per cent Most, 
however, look likely to mean 
higher payments from other mem- 
bers of the UN, while failing to 
satisfy the American demand for 
more control over deciaion-tak- 
ing. P6rcz de Cuellar, although he 
is not coming to Britain simply to 
discuss his money worries, will 
expea to hear the British po- 
sition — now being debated • in 

One reason for the present 
urgency is that the UN has so far 
reacted with a typical lack of it 
The only point on which everyone 
agrees is that if the committee of 18 
is to reach a consensus, and then 
win acceptance of its findings at 
the General Assembly in time to 
avert the October revolution 
threatening UN finances, it will 
have its work cut out. 

Why Rome is turning on Reagan 


Since last autumn, an almost 
unprecedented bitterness has 
marked the relationship between 
the United States and Italy. And, 
as if to underline the unhappy 
truth that a close liaison is under 
real Strain, both sides maintain 
that they are the ones remaining 
true to their joint principles. 
“Under the leadership of Bettino 
CraxL" the prime minister’s 
friends repeat, "the Italians will 
never move away from their the Atlantic alliance." 

‘But they have' been abruptly 
reminded by the Americans that 
83 per cent of the people in the US 
approved of the attack on Libya, 
which the Italians continue to 
deplore. Craxi was particularly 
angered by Washington press 
reports that he was one of the 
European leaders who gave secret 
support to the bombing while 
publicly condemning it 

Italy provides the main Medi- 
terranean bases for the Sixth Fleet 
as well as a series of Nato and 
other American bases, including 
the cruise missiles at Comiso. In 
fact when that agreement was 
made — with remarkably little, re- 
action. despite the faa that Italy 
has die western world’s largest 
Communist party — there was a 
strong Italian feeling that the least 
they could now expea from foe 
Americans was to be treated with 
more respect. . . 

This desire for change m foe 
rclationshipis port ofa new Italian 

self-confidence. The country is 
growing used to political stability. 
Despite frequent quarrels within 
the five-party coalition govern- 
ment Craxi has only offered his 
resignation once — and that was 
when a division occurred overflow 
to behave towards foe U& 

That minor crisis followed in 
the wake of last autumn’s AchiUe 
Lauro affair, in foe course of 
which an American passenger was 
murdered. In foe first serious dash 
between Rome and Washington, 
the contention arose over the 
American action in forcing down 
on Italian soil foe Egyptian air- 
craft taking foe ship's hijackers to 
Tunisia. Among them was tbe 
plot's alleged mastermind. Abu 

The Italians are still angry that 
foe Americans very nearly took 
Abu Abbas by force. In reply, foe 
Americans point to their having 
fulfilled all the requirements laid 
down in foe new extradition treaty 
between foe two countries. 

Ttie incident has marked foe 
quarrel over the bombing of 
Libya. The US ambassador to 
Italy. Maxwell Rabh. has done his 
best to explain that once foe US 
makes up its mind to do some- 
thing that something is done; The 
Italians have a twofold reply. 
First, they claim that they know 
rather more than the Americans 
about how to deal with terrorism, 
having managed to beat it at home 
without resorting to repression. 
Second. Craxi believes that inter- 

national terrorism will not be 
halted by bombing, but by lower- 
ing tension within the Mediterra- 
nean area. Last year he tried to 
convince the moderate Arab pow- 
ers to hold an international con- 
ference on the Palestinian 
question, with the Israelis and tbe 
PLO’s Yasser Arafat also present. 
Bui that plan literally went up in 
smoke last October, when the 
Israelis bombed Arafat’s Tunisian 

The attack briefly preceded foe 
hijacking of foe Achilie Lauro, and 
if it was only coincidentally the 
precursor of foe hijack, it is now 
seen here as foe precedent fol- 
lowed by the US against Libya. 

The question of Italy’s policy 
towards foe Arabs is less clear-cuL 
There was dissent within foe 
government over the wisdom of 
trying to design a Mediterranean 
policy which was not in line with 
what foe Americans expected. 
There was also criticism of the 
way in which Giulio AndreottL 
foe foreign minister, not only 
placed great importance on Italy's 
relationship with the Arabs, but 
also insisted on maintaining di- 
alogue wifo Syria and Libya. He. 
however, agrees with tbe prime 
minister that allies can best serve 
foe alliance by making an active 
contribution to solving foe prob- 
lems in their own area. 

A lot has also been made of foe 
differences between Andreom and 
defence minister Giovanni 
Spadolin^ who briefly led his 

Tbe Russian radioactive plume 
spreading across Scandinavia is 
also casting its shadow over 
British politics. The seriousness of 
the accident is bound to intensify 
the political polarization on nu- 
clear power currently taking place 
in. this- country. Nuclear power 
politics fc fast becoming fissile. 

In Httte more than a month, two 
senior political figures, John 
Wakeham and John Cunningham, 
have become involved in serious 
public rows about nuclear power. 

Wakeham. the government's chief 
whip, has a 1Z000 majority in his 
constituency of Colchester South 
and Maldon that looks vulnerable 
to the Alliance. A proposal to 
dump radioactive waste at 
Brad well jn foe constituency was 
immediately seized upon by his 
SDP opponent as just tbe issue to 
tip foe balance. Not sutprisingly, 

Wakeham has become a convert 
to the Nimby (not-in-my-back- • 

. yard) principle. A chief whip who 
thinks radioactive waste is too 
dangerous for his constituency 
will find it hard to persuade other 
Tory MPs it is safe for theirs. 

Michael Brown has already ' 
threatened to resign and force a 
by-election if his Humberside 
constituency of Brigg and 
Cleethorpes is chosen and other 
Tory MPS threatened with radio- 
active waste dumps in their 
constituencies fed the same. Wil- 
liam Wakiergrave, foe minister 
responsible for making the final 
decision, was left in no doubt 
about the strength of : feeling 
among Bedfordshire MPs during a 
recent visit to Elstow. 

In March, Tribune carried a 
sharp, if coded, attack on Neil 
Kinnock. written by Peter Hain, 
vice-chairman of the Labour Co- 
ordinating Committee. Hain's at- 
tack sounded a familiar and — 
given the quarter it came from — 
dangerous refrain, warning 
Kinnock against “drift by foe 
leadership away from positions 
and decisions democratically de- 
rided by conference". 

The Labour leader's crime was 
to have supported a vigorous 
defence of-nuclear power by John 
Cunningham, the party’s environ- 
ment' spokesman. At its' 1985 
conference. Labour carried by 
over 60 per cent a motion calling 
for “a halt to foe nuclear power 
programme and a phasing out of 
all existing plants". Cunningham, 
whose constituency includes 
Sellafield, has subsequently made 
it clear op a number of occasions 
that he will not tie bound by this 
decision. Kinpock has joined him 
-in foer commitment- 
“''Meanwhile foe debate within 
the Labour Party continues to 
intensify, ks Scottish conference' 
recently passed a resolution call- 
ing for a -mothballing of Torness , 
and other uncompleted nuclear 
plants. This prompted a fierce ' 
counter-blast from Cunningham Alliance. 

in Tribune in which he accused 
midear critics in the Labour Party 
of being “careless of those thou- 
sands of workers and their fam- 
ilies dependent on the industry 0 ■ 

All qf which should be music to 
the ears of Alliance candidates in 
both north and south. So far, the 
cautious compromise position on 
nuclear enemy agreed by the 
Liberals and SDP before foe 1983 
election has held up well There 
has been no public sparring on the 
issue and very little private dis- 
cussion either within or between 
tbe parties. 

However, this, period of calm 
may now be coming to an end. 
There are currents in both parties 
pressing for a more positive 
commitment to nuclear power. 
The recently reconstituted SDP 
energy committee lists among its 
members both Robert Madennan, 
the MP for Caithness and Suther- 
land, which includes Doonreay, 
and John Lyons, the power 
workers’ leader and long time pro- 
. nuclear campaigner. Alliance 
split-seekers have long looked to 
this issue as a profitable bunting 
ground. As the political tem- 
perature on nuclear matters 
continues to rise they may well 
find better sport than in the past. 

And tbe temperature does seem 
likely to rise. The Russian in- 
cident, the recent spate of ac- 
cidents at Sellafield, the search for 
sites for radioactive waste dumps, 
and the publication of the Sizewell 
report later in the year will all fuel 
the fires of debate. Furthermore, 
fo.ere are distinct signs that the 
Central Electricity .Generating 
Board is becoming uneasy about 
the outcome of the next election. 
Its fears may be warranted in that 
all foe opposition parties are 
firmly opposed to the pressurized 
water reactor obsessively favoured 
by the Board’s chairman and foe 
Prime Minister. The current spate 
of board-inspired articles, tbe 
shifting ground ofits case for foe 
PWR and its increasing pressure 
for fast decisions on foe rest of the 
programme are all moves de- 
signed to head off worse trouble in 
foe future. - . 

But they may not be wise. The 
chief success of the nuclear in- 
dustry has been to keep itself oat 
of foe party-political debate. The 
political parties have been weak 
and ineffectual directors of energy 
policy, no match at all for the 
energy industries before whose 
Whitehall lobby they have all 
fallen helpless victim. A political 
consensus, largely founded on 
nuclear industry half-truths, has 
stifled serious political discussion 
of nfadear power. Now that this 
consensus is collapsing, and public 
opinion is moving firmly against 
more nuclear power, the electricity 
board's efforts to force foe issue 
may only intensify the debate. 

The author is director of the Green 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

There’s a lot 
of it about 

Republican party out of Craxfs 
government over foe Abbas affair. 

-. Spadolini has been proclaiming 
that terrorism must not be met 
with counter-violence. But he may 
well have a problem if allegations 
that Italian radar failed to pick up 
the American bombardment of 
Tripoli are proved correct 

It is within Italy itself that foe 
greatest repercussions of foe Lib- 
yan crisis mil be felt Many 
politicians appear either not to 
have understood that something 
has happened to Italy internation- 
ally because of its clash with foe 
US, or they do realize and dislike 
iLTbey may also be inviting 
trouble by their reaction to the 
need to show that they are strongly 
opposed to terrorism. 

Italy’s first arrest after foe 
bombing was of a former Libyan 
diplomat who, il is alleged, 
worked with a Libyan Arab in- 
volved a year ago in a plot to shoot 
the American ambassador. His 
accuser, however, is another Lib- 
yan who spent a year in prison for 
bis involvement in foe same plot 
and has now declared he was a 
CIA agent all along- 

It would be sad if internal 
politics and judicial errors should 
overshadow the attempt at 
conducting a recognizably Italian 
policy in foe Mediterranean. 

Peter Nichols 

The other day I turned on foe 
radio and found myself listening 
to an interview which went some- 
thing like this . . . 

“And your committee has defi- 
nite proof that it is on the 

“Oh, definitely. Twenty years 
ago foe statistics were not-al all 
disturbing, but now'it is threaten- 
ing to get out of hand." 

“Has. it reached epidemic 
proportions yet?" 

“No, but unless action is taken 
soon, we fear that it will” 

“What kind of action are you 
calling for?" 

“Official action, and the sooner 
foe better. The government must 
pot teeth into existing legislation, 
but above all it must make more 
money available to the people in 
foe field." 

• You’ve probably heard con- 
versations like h yourself. The 
people concerned are caring, con- 
cerned . and. aware — and you 
haven't tbe faintest idea what 
they're talking about It could be 
anything: drugs, butter, aircraft 
noise, cyclists’ deaths on foe road, 
child abuse or even calling people 
by their first name as soon as you 
have been introduced. 

If you miss the opening ex- 
change, when they identify foe 
subject, you might as well miss the 
whole interview. It’s like switch- 
ing on the test match to get the 
score, and hitting one of those, 
patches where foe commentators 
forget to mention it. 

Here's another common 

“It is, quite literally, priceless. 
There is nothing else fike it in foe . 
country." , 

■ “What would be the effect if it 
did leave Britain?" 

“I think Britain’s heritage 
would be irreparably poorer. It has 
become part of our life, over these 
many years, and it is quite 
inconceivable that we should ever 
be without it." 

“Can foe money be raised in 

“1 think so. But il isn't foe 
money that is so important as 
simply, making foe public aware of 
foe danger. If we can alert foe 
public to foe ride, then half foe 
battle is won." . 

What are they battling foi? A 
rare butterfly? An old Italian 
painting? One of Brand’s iron 
hulks? Sir Roy Strong's mous- 
tache? It simply isn't possible to 
tell from foe words, because they 
never repeat what they are talking 
abouL You get one chance, ^and 

that's it. The truth is, it's not 
worth listening to anyway. Most 
interviews on TV and radio are 
identikit conversations, virtually 
interchangeable after the opening 

“What attracted you to ft in foe 
first place?" 

“Well actually, a friend asked 
me along and I- thought I'd have a 
go, just out of curiosity, and after 
that it just snowballed." 

“And now you are Britain’s 

leading exponent." , 

“WeU, 1 wouldn’t say that * 
exactly! But I have been very, very 

“Some people would say i( was 
rather a, well strange way of 
spending most of your time." 

.“That’s because they’ve never 
tried it. It’s a wonderful way, not 
just of enjoying myself but of 
meeting lots of people. 1 can’t 
imagine bow I ever got along 
without it” 

Falconry? Nude bang-gliding? 
Dancing the tango? Doing com- 
puter portraits of famous people? 
Walking on stilts? Listening to 
radio conversations and trying to 
guess wfaat they're about? 

I think it might alarm foe 
average expert if he realized that 

when be is talking, it is impossible * 
to work out fiis field of expertise, 
because he sounds like all the 
other experts. Not foal you have 
to be .an expert — you can be a 
total outsider caught up in some 
weiid disaster .. . 

“People were very calm. There 
was no real panicking at all.” 

“But you must have been very 

“Well yes, but really a thing like 
that happens so quickly you don’t 
• have much time to be scared It’s 
afterwards you realize just how 
close you were.” •, 

“And how is foe situation * 

“Things are under control now. 
People have rallied round tremen- 
dously and everyone is doing their 
bit, fooiteh 2 expect ft wifi be days 
before things are really back to 

Earthquake? Train crash? 
Bomb? Motorway pile-up? Or 
simply being asked to talk to foe 
media? It certainly seems to be on 
the increase. ’Hie government has 
to do something before it is too , 
late. It cap only do irreparable*- 
harm to our British heritage. The * 
money itself is not enough. If we 
ignore the problem, it won't just 
go away. Thank you very much for 
coming to the studio. And now 
foe weather. . 

r MiS 




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1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


Nuclear power is, to many, an 
unknown quantity which in- 
spires fear. So is the Soviet 
Union. Accordingly, the 
.combination of the two in 
what is now believed to be the 
world’s biggest nuclear disaster 
has consequences which reach 
far beyond the vicinity of 
Chernobyl in the Ukraine 
where the accident happened. 

Even without Chernobyl, 
the Soviet Union was facing an 
image problem. The new 
generation of Soviet leaders, 
headed by Mr Gorbachov, had 
stated its intention of rectify- 
ing matters with a full-blooded 
public relations campaign. 
They had called for more 
access to information, more 
respect for the “human factor" 
- including safety at work and 
a nod towards environmental 
considerations. The circum- 
stances surrounding the 
Chernobyl accident show that 
no real progress has been 


is more 
disturbing,there is nothing in 
the way the accident was 
handled by the Soviet authori- 
ties to suggest that it would 
have been made public unless 
the radioactive cloud had 
alerted the Scandinavian 
countries to the fact of a large 
radiation leak somewhere ra 
the Western USSR. 

So far as the much-vaunted 
“human factor” is concerned, 
progress appears to have been 
just as negligible. If reports by 
specialists such as Dr 
Medvedev are true, the major- 
ity of Soviet nuclear power 
stations are built without the 
son of safety precautions that 
are not only standard, but 
obligatory in the West. 
Chernobyl 1986 may prove in 
retrospect to have been what 
Three Mile Island was not — 
and so far no Western nuclear 
mishap could be — because of 
the stringent safety measures 
that are observed. 

Until now, the Soviet 
Union's apparent disregard for 
human safety — in the way it 
builds its nuclear power sta- 
tions. where it sites .them (near 

centres of population) and the 
lack ofinfonnation it provides 
when something subsequently 
goes wrong — could perhaps 
have been dismissed as an 
internal matter for the Soviet 
authorities. It can be dismissed 
■ as such no longer. 

The fact that neither the 
Soviet Union's East bloc allies 
nor the countries of Scandina- 
via — both of which were 
affected by abnormal levels of 
radiation after the accident — 
were informed about the ac- 
cident until their own in- 
struments detected it 
demonstrates a remarkably 
cavalier attitude to the in- 
terests of other countries and 
other people which is intol- 
erable from a country which 
aspires to the status of a 
nuclear superpower. Such a 
status rests not only on might, 
but also on responsibility. 

Moscow's response to 
. Chernobyl exhibited no sense 
of responsibility, either to its 
own people or to its neigh- 
bours. And if the Soviet Union 
cannot be trusted to behave 
responsibly in a matter such as 
this, what prospect is there for 
it to show responsibility in the 
wider world of international 
relations? Once again; the 
judgement of the Soviet 
leadership — this time a new, 
younger and ostensibly more 
flexible leadership — has been 
revealed as flawed and worse. 

In the next few years there 
will be untold economic reper- 
cussions. The Western part of 
the USSR, including the 
Ukraine, has the country's 
densest concentration of heavy 
industry. Soviet industry is — 
despite attempts to cut 
consumption — still a prof- 
ligate. user of-energy. Yet the 
Western pail of the country is 
the poorest in terms of natural 
energy resources. The answer 
was — and is planned to be 
until the year 2000 — to build 
dozens of nuclear power sta- 

If one of these is now out of 
commission, the impact on 
Soviet industrial development . 
will be serious. If the accident 

prompts a reassessment of the 
whole nuclear power pro- 
gramme, as it should, Mr 
Gorbachov's ambitious 
development plans are bound 
to be set back. This means 
hard choices for the leader- 
ship. Can it afford to reduce 
energy exports— and therefore 
hard currency revenue — in 
pursuit of its development 
programme? Alternatively, 
can h afford the dashed hopes 
of the public that would result 
from an economic slowdown? 

A second effect of the ac- 
cident will be increased sup- 
port for the anti-nuclear and 
environmental movements 
not only in the West but in the 
Soviet Union and Eastern 
Europe as well. In the Eastern 
bloc, a fledgling environ- 
mental movement now has 
evidence that nuclear power 
stations can , under certain 
circumstances (Soviet and 
East European circumstances), 
present risks to the civilian 
population. This will 
encourage the growth of 
environmental pressure 
groups in countries where non- 
official pressure groups are 
discouraged The potentially 
destabilizing effect of this 
development should not be 

For the lime being, the 
Soviet authorities could mini- 
mire the significant damage — 
to their reputation at home 
and abroad, to their energy 
programme and to social 
stability - by making public 
concern for nuclear safety its 
own cause. In addition to the 
measures outlined below, they 
could launch, or rather 're- 
launch. a programme for 
truthful information even 
when it includes bad news. 

But whatever they decide to 
do, Chernobyl where, accord- 
ing to the Soviet announce- 
ment “there were casualties", 
is likely to remain in the 
international memory as a 
symbol of Moscow's bad faith 
with the world. And Mr 
Gorbachov,- for all his smiling 
bonhomie, will be unable to 
erase that image. 


The worldwide nuclear power 
industry has always dreaded a 
catastrophic power station ac- 
cident of the kind that has now 
taken place. For the realisation 
of that nightmare is bound to 
provide ammunition for anti- 
nuclear groups to play on 
latent public fears. Indeed, the 
• chairman of Britain's Cam- 
paign for Nuclear Disarma- 
ment was quick to fire off a 
round yesterday, charging that 
such a disaster could happen at 
any nuclear power station in 

Such reactions are hardly 
rational. In the absence of a 
full explanation of the causes 
of the Chernobyl accident, to 
state that it could be repealed 
in Britain's first and second 
generation gas-cooled reactors, 
which are of a fundamentally 
- different design, is just to say 
that nuclear fission can pro- 
duce catastrophic effects. Thai 
is common ground even to the 
most Panglossian advocates of 
nuclear eneigy and is the 
essential starling point for all 
nuclear engineering. 

The development of that 
sophisticated industry over the 
past 25 years , which still 
continues apace, is in large 
measure a question of making 

the risk ever more remote by a 
combination of design, en- 
gineering standards and vigi- 
lance. In democratic Western 
Europe, the United States and 
Japan, it is also a matter of 
building in greater safety mar- 
gins, more layers of failsafe 
mechanisms and greater pro- 
visions for containing the ef- 
fects of accidents than . 
scientists and accountants 
might professionally think 
necessary, in order to satisfy 
public fears. 

Soviet secrecy has cut its 
nuclear industry off from the 
exchange of information that 
contributes so greatly to refin- 
ing design and practice. It is 
not for instance, a member of 
the Institute of Nuclear Power 
Operations, the international 
club that maintains databanks . 
on all incidents in nuclear 
power stations. It acts as a. 
clearing house for even the 
smallest mishaps and in- 
vestigation reports to be 
circularised day by day around 
the globe. 

A disaster on such a scale to 
any nuclear plant anywhere is 
nonethless likely to have a 
substantial impact on the 
world nuclear power industry. 

It is already suffering from a - 

dearth of orders due to the 
economic recession as much as 
the psychological fallout of the 
near disaster at Three Mile 
Island. Problems of nuclear 
waste have aroused public 
fears about nuclear power in 
Britain and Germany even 
though power station opera- 
tion has proved trouble-free 
for many years. 

The nuclear power debate in 
Britain was revived by the 
plan to switch from gas-cooled 
to pressurized water reactors. 
The long-delayed Sizewell in- 
quiry report and decision must 
already have been affected by 
the changing economics 
brought by the collapse of oil 
prices, however temporary . 
The Soviet accident is at least 
likely to cause a further delay 
At present, it does not suggest 
any direct; technical effect on 
the choice of reactor. 

It is still vital that the causes 
of the Chernobyl accident and 
their possible implications for 
nuclear design and safety stan- 
dards are learnt as soon as 
possible. The Soviet Union 
should open its own inquiries 
into the causes and medical 
effects rapidly and folly via the 
International Atomic Energy 1 


Mr Bill Jordan's accession to 
the presidency' of the Amal- 
gamated Union of Engineering 
Workers looks like further 
evidence that the Thatcher 
years are seeing a deep and 
probably irreversible shift in 
attitudes towards economic 
enterprise. Yesterday the very 
stuff of his rhetoric was the 
marriage of employment and 
business success. 

From his witness of the 
rapid industrial decline of the 
West Midlands, Mr Jordan has 
emerged sounding not unlike a 
Chamberlainite Tory, greedy 
for a renewal of private wealth 
creation — on condition it 
brings jobs and a fair share for 
his members. He is. it seems, a 
man for the season, a co- 
adjutor of Mr Eric Hammond 
in the "new realism' . and so 
his election is welcome. 

But how stable is this new 
realism? At limes it looks 
distinctly like the old parlour 
game of “let's say reassuring 
things about unions to secure a 
Labour election victory' . Or 
perhaps it is merely a descrip- 
tion of the effects of new 
internal union structures 
rather than 2 harbinger of any 
change in their function. 

Mr Jordan's election is prob- 

ably a better reflection of the 
views and aspirations of the 
AUEW membership than pre- 
vious contests. Meanwhile, 
out in the real world, the 
AUEW is embroiled in a 
unnecessary dispute at British 
Aerospace where (despite Mr 
Jordan) claims for hours and 
money seem to be more highly 
valued than maximizing 
employment for non-mem- 
. bers. 

The feet of modem union 
life is that organizing the “new 
working class" - dispersed in 
smaller firms and using new 
technologies — is problematic. 
Two of Mr Jordan’s rhetorical 
strophes are small business 
and individualism in the 
workplace. He proposes, most 
suggestively, “surgeries" for 
small employers on their la- 
bour problems. He emphasizes 
employee rights. 

Where the new realism is 
especially ambiguous is over 
the political affiliation of trade 
unionism. On behalf of the 
Labour Party’s own brand of 
new realism Mr Hanersley has 
been making speeches. At the 
shop workers’ union con- 
ference on Monday he set out 
elements of the social contract 
that Labour would like to 

make with the trade unons — 
though, understandably, not in 
those exact terms. The ele- 
ments were moderation on 
wages in return for some 
approximation to full employ- 

It might be said that even to 
get the unions to talk about 
wage restraint is a remarkable 
achievement, though whether 
it stems from Thatcher-in- 
duced appreciation of eco- 
nomic reality or love of Mr 
Kinnock is arguable. What is 
remarkable is how far there is 
underlying agreement on 
objectives between Mr Nigel 
Lawson, Mr Jordan and even 
Mr Ron Todd of the transport 

All are saying, in one way or 
another, that there is a trade- 
off between remuneration and 
employment. Mr Lawson 
-wants wages restrained in or- 
der that lower unit labour costs 
should enhance competitive- 
ness and so stimulate employ- 
ment Mr Kinnock wants pay 
restraint so ■ that his pro- 
gramme of reflation and bor- 
rowed expenditure would not 
fuel inflation. Which is the 
pathway to more and more 
permanent employment ? For 
all his new realism Mr Jordan 
seems to prefer the latter. 


Upholding Queen’s peace in Ulster 

Front Sir Eldon Gri ffiths. MP for 
Bury St Edmunds (Consenaiive) 

.Sir. I am glad that my colleague. 
Jlker. MP (April 23) 

I. Containing the rising tide oF 
“conventional" crime and vi- 

Recollections of 
the Abdication 

Cecil Wal 
dissociates responsible politicians 
in Northern Ireland from the 
mindless — and murderous — 
attacks made, in the name of 
“loyalism" and “Unionism", on 
the men and women of the RUC 
and their families. Alas, he 
misconceives the role of both the 
police and the Police Federation. 

It is the not the business of the 
RUC to be for or against the 
Anglo-Irish accord. Ii is their duty 
to uphold the Queen's peace in 
their pan of the United Kingdom 
and to enforce the law as made by 
Parliament, to the best of their 
ability. Nor is it the task of the 
Police Federation to campaign for 
an alternative to the agreement. 
The federation's job is to represent 
its members in all matters that 
affect the welfare and- efficiency of 
the force. 

These are no -pedantic legal 
distinctions. The most welcome 
development in the RUC over the 
past 20 years has been its evolu- 
tion from a heavily sectarian 
body, under local Stormont con- 
trol. to an independent Britisb- 
style police force upholding the 
law without regard to religion or 
politics. It would be a retrograde, 
and dangerous, step for its serving 
officers or their representative 
body to get involved in the politics 
of the Anglo-Irish Agreement. 

That said, the agreement has 
created a number of agonising 
dilemmas, as well as practical 
_ problems, for the RUC. 
ie force is being asked to do too 
much. It cannot simultaneously be 
successful in: 

2. Fighting a counter-insurgency 

war against the Provisional 

3. Policing massive civil unresL 
much of which. 1 accept, reflects 
the disaffection of the majority, 

4. Maintaining an armed guard 
along an open international fron- 

Something has to give. In my 
view, the RUC should be relieved 
of some of its duties on the border. 
Too many of its men are bottled 
up in near fortresses: they should 
be released to concentrate on 
public order duties and the protec- 
tion of their homes and families. 

1 adhere to the view- that it is 
impossible in a free society for a 
civilian police force to police for 
long against the majority. Mr Cecil 
Walker might recall that I told 
ministers exactly that when Par- 
liament debated the Anglo-Irish 
Agreement- Bui the majority has 
duties to its police force, as well as 

Every elected member ought 
now to be using his best offices to 
halt the violence against the 

halt the violence against the 
police, to get rid of the foolish gag 
the Chief Constable sought to 


impose on the federation, and talk 
with the Prime Minister on ways 
and means of peacefully amending 
the Anglo-Irish Agreement in a 
fashion that restores the con- 
fidence of both sides of the 
community in the impartiality of 
the bravest and most sorely tried 
police force in the free world. 
Yours etc. 


House of Commons. 

April 25. 

The Muslim view 

From Mr Kenneth Gill 
Sir, 1 read Mr M ugh ram Al- 
Ghamdi’s letter (April 24) with a 
mixture of sympathy and irrita- 
tion. Sympathy because I share a 
concern about the indiscriminate 
nature of bombing. Irritation be- 
cause of Mr Mughram Al- 
Ghamdi's presumption that he 
speaks for the two million-strong 
Muslim community in this coun- 
try and accuses her Majesty's 
Government of "an ingrained 
hostility to Arab Muslims . Well, 
well; I always thought that the 
problem with our Government 
and country was a too strong pro- 
Arab position. 

As a tolerant (I hope) member 
of the “host community" 
surrounding the undeniably im- 
portant Muslim minority 1 must 
say that I am aware of far less 
hostility to the Muslim minority 
than to the Irish or Jewish or 
Catholic or other minority, per- 
haps apart from the National 

However, as an Englishman 
mercifully unaligned to any re- 
ligion, I would be interested to 
hear the views of other Muslim 

British rituens on the subject of 
the fate, for example, of the writer 
and publisher of such a letter 
expressing a pro- Anglo-American 
stance in a Muslim newspaper in, 
say. Iran. Or why Mr Mughram 
Al-Ghamdi makes no mention of 
the horror that must surely be felt 
by many Muslim British citizens 
about the atrocities perpetrated by 
illiberal regimes ruled by such as 
Khomeini or the slaughter of 
Afghanistan Muslims by the Sovi- 
ets and so on. Or the indiscrimi- 
nate placing of bombs in public 
places by cowards, Muslim or 

As I have indicated I hold little 
sympathy for bombing of any 
kind. But I have sympathy for an 
American President frustrated by 
attacks on US citizens by Muslims 
who live and/or travel freely in 
countries in whom I detect no 
"ingrained hostility". And I have 
sympathy for a British Prime 
Minister who, against all purely 
party interests, holds out a helping 
hand to an ally. 

Yours sincerely. 


80 Charlotte Street Wl. 
April 24. 

ILEA results 

From Mr William H. Stubbs 

Sir, On the front page of The 
Times for April 21 you report the 
findings of*a survey which claims 
that the examination results for 
secondary school pupils in inner 
London are substantially below 
the national average. In the run-up 
to an election it is to be expected 
that there will be differing claims 
from political parties about the 
status quo. This makes it particu- 
larly important that readers 
should understand any distinction 
between political statements and 
basic facts. I should, therefore, 
wish to point out: 

Firstly, the National Council for 
Educational Standards which has 
published the survey is not a 
neutral research group. It is a 
pressure group with a commit- 
ment to a particular view. 

Alternative prayers 

From Mr J. W. Howell 
Sir. “Times past” might have been 
a more apt title to the letter from 
Mrs Eve Hitchens (April 24). 

The Church (including the 
Church of England) is probably 
one of the few institutions which 
should exist for the benefit of its 
non-members. As Christians, our 
duty is clearly to evangelise. I 
wonder how Mrs Hitchens thinks 
that the Church can succeed in 
doing this in a language and style 
written four hundred years ago? 

Secondly, a survey of examination 
results carried out by government 
statisticians was published by the 
Department of Education and 
Science in I9S4. It is the most 
developed analysis of national 
examination statistics so far. This 
concludes that pupils in the ILEA, 
rather than under-achieving, 
achieve greater success in 
examinations than expected when 
account is taken of their home 
background. The results also show 
that the ILEA ranks 45th out of 
the 96 English local education 

No doubt at Sunday worship 
she and others who believe that 
The Book of Common Prayer and 
the King James Bible are meaning- 
ful and relevant to today's Church 
are “bewailing [their] manifold 
sins and wickedness" probably 
because it is "meet and right and 
[their] bounden duty". 

Apart from the feet that by using 
such words we are not being 
wholly honest with God — do we 
really bewail our sins? — is such 
language likely or conducive to 
bring non-Christians to Church, 

e.g., those “ordinary, backsliding 

The standards of pupils from 
schools in the ILEA have im- 
proved, both with respect to their 
predecessors and their peers else- 
where in ihe country'. 

Yours sincerely, 


Education Officer. Inner London 
Education Authority. 

The County Hall, SE1. 

April 25. 

English men and women 
whom Mrs Hitchens speaks? 

Thank God indeed that at least 
the Church of England is coming 
alive to the needs of the twentieth, 
century by attempting to commu- 
nicate in this century’s language. 
At least then with God's help wc 
may be able to reach those in inner 
cities, outer villages and all peo- 
ples of this nation. 

Yours faithfully, 



Greenway Road. 




April 24. 

Heritage fire risk 

From the Director of the World 
Fire Statistics Centre 
Sir. The British Automatic Sprin- 
kler .Association (April 28) can 
rightly take credit for their long- 

lected by the fire brigades, lose 
much of their value due to lack of 
figures for the cost of the fire 

standing warnings to the Govem- 
01 tT 

mem of the danger to our heritage 
buildings. Is one lesson of the 
Hampton Court fire that more 
British buildings should be pro- 
tected by automatic sprinkler 

The answer is probably “Yes", 
but sprinklers are expensive to 
install and if Britain is going to 
spend millions of pounds on 
teller fire protection, taxpayers 
have a right io insist that, the 
money is spent cost-effectively. 

CoK-effectivencss can only be 
measured by statistics and the 
truth is that British fire statistics 
(like those of other countries) are 
hopelessly inadequate. For exam- 
ple. the excellent statistics, col- 

At last week's centre seminar in 
Geneva, Christopher Ptoul MEP. 
pointed out that the European cost 
offire(l per cent of gross domestic 
product) was equivalent to the 
amount of the EEC budget or to 
the cost of barriers to European 
trade. If this cost is to be 
materially reduced better fire 
statistics are essential and a recent 
EEC working party report rightly 
stresses the need for fire-equip- 
ment manufacturers to take a 
leading role in evolving a new 
network of national fire statistics. 

Yours faithfully. 

R. T. D. WILMOT. Director, 
World Fire Statistics Centre, 
18 chemin Rieu. 

1208 Geneva. 


April 28. 

From Dr J.A. H. Wylie 
Sir. Your obituarist of the Duch- 
ess of Windsor (April 25) is not 
wholly correct in stating that the 
"American and continental press 
was full" of the scandal surround- 
ing the Prince of Wales and Mrs 

At the time that I arrived as an 
undergraduate in Germany, in 
July 1936. and as a mark of 
courtesy to Britain which was 
much appreciated in Downing 
Street and Whitehall, DrGoebbels 
had decreed that the story should 
not appear in the German press; 
not even in the Frankfurter 
Zcitung which, at that lime, 
enjoyed some degree of indepen- 
dence. That decree held good until 
the formal announcement of the 

I have the honour to be. Sir. your 
obedient servant, 


9A Portland Place. 

Kemp Town, Brighton, Sussex. 
April 25. 

From the Editor of the Telegraph 
Si Argus. Bradford 
Sir. The article by your Religious 
Affairs Correspondent (April 25) 
states that it was the Yorkshire 
Post which gave wider circulation 
to the speech given by the Bishop 
of Bradford at his diocesan con- 
ference which precipitated the 
Abdication of King Edward VIII. 

The text of the sensational 
speech was. in fact, disclosed to 
the world on December 1. 1936. 
by Charles Leach, a reporter 
employed by the Bradford Tele- 
graph & Argus which had earlier 
that day reported the news under 
the seven-column headline. “The 
Bishop of Bradford's Reference to 
the King's ‘Need for Grace'". 

The story was telephoned to the 
Press Association, who wired it to 
their subscribing newspapers after 

first sending a note alerting editors 

to the significance of the report. 

A verbatim report of the 
bishop's speech and a carefully 
prepared summary was later tele- 
phoned to PA. 

The role of the Yorkshire Post 
and its Editor, Mr Arthur Mann, 
was in feet the circulation of an 
editorial comment about the affair 
which was published in some 
quarters the following day. 

Yours sincerely. 

Telegraph & Argus. 

PO Box 234. 

Hall Ings, 


West Yorkshire. . 

April 25. 

Cost of frigate 

From Mr D. Laurent Giles 
Sir. It is high time someone in 
Government sorted out the cost of 
a frigate. 

On January 29, 1985. you 
reported Mr Heseltine making a 
statement in Parliament, as De- 
fence Secretary, that the price of a 
Type 22 frigate was "about £140 
million". At the time of the 

launching of the Type 22 frigates 
' ?ffie 

Coventry and Sheffield earlier this 
month their price was widely 
reported, in your columns and on 
the BBC as “1 00 million". 

Last night, in its MOD pro- 
gramme-made with the fullest co- 
operation of the Ministry of 
Defence - the BBC gave the cost of 
a Type 22 as £ 1 70 million. 

Either the British public is 
entitled to an accurate figure for 

such a huge item of public 
If it is, 

expenditure, or it is not If it is 
could an accurate and consistent 
figure be quoted?] f not would the 
minister concerned kindly make 
an unequivocal statement to that 

Yours faithfully 
DAVID GILES. Director, 
ThomvcrofL Giles & 

Associates Lid. 

The Embankment 
Bembridge. isle of Wight 


small voice 

Front the Master of Churchill 

College. Cambridge 
oi yi 

Sir. In case any ofyour readers are 
misled by Dr John Herbert’s 
absurd suggestion in your issue of 
April 25 that quantum theory, 
based on mathematics, “virtually 
demands the existence of an 
external God", let me assure them 
that this is not so. Indeed, 
theoretical physicists have in their 
ranks non-believers as well as 
believers in various religions, just 
as is the case in the general 

S'ours faithfully. 


Churchill College. Cambridge: 


APRIL 30 1877 

The war referredjo m the opening 


was the Russor'i 

war of 1877-1878. There « no 
record of the name of the 


/Prom An Occasional 

ALEXANDRIA, April 14. 
Nobody here knows how Egypt 
will be affected by the war. It is a 
practical, not a theoretical ques- 
tion, and yet no answer is ready . . - 
To turn to more pacific subjects. 
In country of many Creeds we 
are to have two Easters, and the 
the Greek and Coptic 
Easter, is always a very noisy 
business. The churches are crowd- 

ed, and at midnight squibs and 
crackers are lighted an 

and guns fired, 
ail with the object of “shooting 
Judas", whose death is made 
doubly sure by his being also burnt 
in effigy in half a dozen different 

quarters of the town. The rejoicing 
lasts over Monday, when every- 
body turns out to greet the coming 
summer. This day, the Coptic 
Easter Monday, is also the occa- 
sion of a great Arab festival which 
is only known in Egypt, and was 
adopted from the Coptic practice 
the conquerors found when they 
brought the religion of Mahomet 
into the country. Tha Arabs call it 
the Shemm-en-Neseem— the 
smelling of the zephyr. They and 
their families go out to their 
country, some with tents, and pass 
the day in the fields, on the banks 
of the canals, under the shade of 
trees, eating fruit and sweetmeats 
and making and telling stories. 
They dress in their brightest 
colours and group themselves into 
brilliant masses. Some take boats 
and paddle about the harbour, 
others float about in canal barges. 
They take nothing stronger than 
water, and yet they are as merry as 
children. Their talk and laughter 
are never ending, and the smallest 
joke calk forth the broadest grin. 
“It is so pleasant,” said a great 
traveller to me to-day, "to come 
from gloomy England to so happy 
and smiling a people. "Their food is 
of the simplest kind. Big flat loaves 
of bread, cakes, sweetmeats, lettuce 
and onions, with great draughts of 
Nile water, make their dinner. No 
matter what the weather is— even a 
hot desert wind may be blowing, 
they still go out to “smell the 
zephyr", and only return at the 
setting sun. From this date the 
natives date the period of 
Khamseen (60), when the hot 

winds are supposed to blow off and 
on for 50 days. As a matter of feet 
we had these Khamseen winds a 
month ago. but the Arab only calls 
it a Khamseen if it occurs within 
this period. The origin they give to 
these words is very quaint. When 
Cain murdered his brother Abel, he 
wandered into the desert with the 
body on his back, not knowing how 
to dispose of it. So he wandered for 
50 days, and the hot wind blew 
upon him all the rime and filled 
him with thirst and fever. At last 
he saw two birds fight in the air 
and one kill the other. Then Cain 
said to himself, "1 will do with my 
brothers body as the living bird 
does with the dead." The living 
bird scratched a hole in the sand 
and buried his fellow. So Cain 
buried his brother in (he desert, 
and straightaway a cool breeze 
came and his fever passed. But 
every spring the hot wind has come 
back to blow for 50 days . . . 

The statement in the English 
newspapers and the question in the 
House of Commons concerning the 
sale of 300 slaves in Cairo, has 
revived in Egypt the memory of the 
late Moufettish. His were the 
slaves in question. His hareem was 
noted as the largest in the country 
and the disposal of it was a matter 
uf some difficulty when the great 
man fell. Even if Egypt were 
seriously disposed to abandon the 
system of domestic slavery, there is 
no organization for the protection 
of slaves who are suddenly released, 
and freedom in such a case would 
have been a questionable benefit. 
Many were placed in other 
hareems. but a large number were 
sold, not in the sensational manner 
which has been stated, but by 
private contract Indeed, there is 
no such thing as a public slave 
market in Cairo, although, no 
doubt, slaves are bought and sold 

At present domestic slavery is a 
necessity to the hareem system. A 
number of slaves are a sign of 
wealth and position. Every wife of 
a certain rank is entitled to have 
slave attendants. It would be 
impossible to maintain the seclu- 
sion of the hareem without slaves. 
Female domestic servants are un- 
known, and if the wives had to do 
their own work they could no 
longer maintain their strict isola- 
tion. To change such a system 
must be a matter of time . . . 

Cyprus settlement 

From Mr D. Lakatamitis 
Sir. Your leader. “Time to settle 
Cyprus" (April 23) includes, at 
several instances, a vague and 
slightly misleading interpretation 
of the reasons why President 
Kyprianou has not given the 
thumbs up to the latest UN 

What the article calls unreason- 
able is the President's refusal to 
dissolve the present, internation- 
ally recognized government of 
Cyprus for a so called 
“transitional" one, while major 
issues like a) the withdrawal of the 
Turkish occupation troops* b) the 
withdrawal of ihe imported Turk- 
ish settlers, c) the question of 
international guarantees (the .UN 
plan names Turkey as a guarantor 
of independence!) and d) the issue 
of basic human freedoms, i.e.. to 
move, live or work in any part of 
the island, remain unresolved, 
even in principle, and are left to 
“working groups" to son out at 


Whilst 1 believe there should 

be major concessions from both 
sides, so that trust and a lasting 
solution be established. I find it 
hard to imagine that the UN 
Secretary General believes that his 
latest proposals are in any signifi- 
cant way different to the ones that 
were rejected 15 months ago in 
New York. 

Yours faithfully. 


97 Sahram Crescent, W9. 

First seal? 

From Mr Rodney Bewes 
Sir, 1 know gentlemen write io tell 
you they have heard the first 
cuckoo of spring. This morning, at 
* long sculling session 
from Chiswjck bridge back to The 
London Rowing Club. I was met 
a real! Swimming happilv 
aboxe Puinev bridge. First I've 

K"i& n8 - Indecd - ever 011 

Yours sincerelv. 


The Garrick Club. 

Garrick Street. WC2 
April 27. 



































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i of 








i of 
? uf 


- are 

en a 


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I he 
















April 29: The Queen held a 
Counco at 12.40 pm today. 
There were present: the Vis- 
count Whiidaw (Lord Presi- 
dent), the Lord Denham 
(Captain of the GenUemen-at- 
Armsh the Baroness Young 
(Minister of State, Foreign and 
Commonwealth Office), the 
Right Hon George Younger, MP 
(Secretary of State Tar Defence) 
and the Right Hon Kenneth 
Clarke. MP (Paymaster 

Mr Geoffrey de Deoey was in 
attendance as Oat of the 

The Viscount Whiidaw had 
an audience of Her Majesty 
before the Council. 

The Funeral of the Duchess of 
Windsor took place in $t 
George's Chapel. Windsor Cas- 
tle. today at 3.30 pm. 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh, Queen Elizabeth 
The Queen Mother, The Prince 
and Princess of Wales. The 
Princess Anne, Mrs Mark Phil- 
lips, Princess Alice. Duchess of 
Gloucester, The Duchess of 
Gloucester, The Duchess of 
Kent. Prince and Princess Mi- 
chad of Kent. Princess Alexan- 
dra, the Hon Mrs Angus Ogilvy, 
and the Hon Gerald Lascelks. 
the Duke of Fife and Colonel Sir 
Henry and Lady May Abel 
Smith attended. 

The Funeral Service was con- 
ducted by the Dean of Windsor, 
and the Blessing was pro- 
nounced by the Archbishop of 
Canterbury. Interment followed 

at Frogmore. 

The Bearer Party at St 
George's Chapel was provided 
by the Welsh Guards. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. 
President of the World Wildlife 
Fund International, held a 
Board Meeting at Buckingham 
Palace this morning. 

April 29: The Princess Anne, 
Mrs Mark Phillips, this morning 
opened the Institute of London 
Underwriters’ new building in 
Leaden hall Street, London EC3. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the Right Hon the 
Lord Mayor (Sir Allan Davis) 
and the Chairman of the In- 
stitute (Mr D. Lowen). 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips this evening visited the 
Common Ground International 
Exhibition at the Natural His- 
tory Museum, South Kensing- 
ton, where Her Royal Highness 
was received by the Director of 

the Museum (Dr R. Hedlcy) and 
the Chairman of the Trustees 
(Sir Richard Harrison). 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips. President of the Save 
tire Children Fund, accompa- 
nied by Captain Mark Phillips, 
attended a Fashion Show to 
mark the Golden Birthday of 
Simpson's, Piccadilly, W1 
(Managing Director, Mr Jeremy 

Her Royal Highness and tip- 
lain Mark Phillips were received 
by the Chairman of the Fund 
Raising Committee. Save the 
Children Fund (Mr W Yates). 

■ Mrs Malcolm Wallace was in 

April 29: Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mother was present this 
morning at a Service in West- 
minster Abbey to mark the 
900th Anniversary of the 
Domesday Book. 

The Dowager Viscountess 
Hambteden and Sir Martin 
Gilliat were in attendance. 

Lady Angela Oswald has suc- 
ceeded Lady Elizabeth Basset as 
Lady-in-waiting to - Her 

April 29: The Duke of Glouces- 
ter, President. National Associ- 
ation of Boys' Clubs, this 
afternoon visited Boys' Gubs in 
North Cumbria. In the evening 
His Royal Highness was present 

at a Dinner to mark the Golden 
Jubilee of the Cumbria Associ- 
ation of Boy’s Gubs at Tithe 
Bom. Carlisle. 

The Duke of Gloucester trav- 
elled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's FlighL 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance. 

The Duchess of Gloucester. 
Coionel-in-Chief, Royal Army 
Educational Corps, today vis- 
ited the RAEC Centre at 


Mrs Euan McCorquodale was 
in attendance: 

April 29: The Duke of Kent, 
Patron of the Leukaemia Re- 
search Fund, this evening at- 
tended a Reception at St James's 
Palace to celebrate the 25th 
Anniversary of the Fund. 

Sir Richard Buckley w as in 

April 29: Princess Alexandra 
was present this morning at the 
Town and Country Meeting of 
the Children's Country Holi- 
days Fund, of which Her Royal 
Highness is President, at West- 
minster Cathedral Hall. 

Lady Mary Fiizalan-Howard 
was in attendance. 

The King of Sweden is 40 today. 
Today is the birthday of Prin- 
cess Juliana of The Netherlands. 
A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Sir Iain Stewart wiD be 
held at St Paul’s, Knightsbridge, 
at 11.15 am today. 

A memorial service for Mr 
George Lloyd Roberts will be 
held at St Margaret’s, West- 
minster at 3pm today. 

A memorial Requiem Mass for 
Mr I.H.S. Black will be cele- 
brated at Brompton Oratory at 
11.30 am today. 

A memorial Mass will be cele- 
brated for Mr Willy Bailey at the 
Servile Church. 264 Fulham 
Road, London. SWJ0. on 
Wednesday, May 28, at 6 JO 


Grid of Freemen of die City of 

The Guild of Freemen of the 
City of London held a reception 
yesterday at Saddlers' Hall, after 
the annual service in St Paul's 
Cathedral- The Master and Mrs 
Horiock received the guests. 


graduates* A 

Graduates* Association 
A reception was held on Friday 
evening in the great hall of the 
Royal College of Physicians of 
Edinburgh. The President of the 
Edinburgh University 
Graduates’ Association, Dr 
Anne Schofield, received the 
guests, who included Mr Gra- 
ham Schofield, Sir Peter and 
Lady Menzies, the President of 
the Royal College of Physicians 
and Mrs Oliver, the Vice- 

Chancellor of the university and 
Mrs Burnett. Lady Robson, 
Professor and Mrs Neil Camp- 
bell. the Rev Dr Stuart and Mrs 
Louden, Professor and Mrs A. S. 
Duncan. Mrs Caroline Baa, 
Major-General and Mrs John 
Matheson, Mr Archie Mac- 
Phenon and Mr and Mrs lan 

English-Speaking Unfed of 

Federation, was the guest 
speaker at a meeting of the 
Lunchtime Comment Gub held 
yesterday at the Connaught 

St Johnls College 
Sir Keith Joseph. Secretary of 
Slate for Education and Science, 
was foe guest speaker at a 
meeting of the Politics Society 
of St John's College, Soulhsea. 
yesterday evening. 

The Speaker was the principal 
guest at a reception given last ^ . ,, 

night at Dartmouth House by 3CITIC6 flllUlfi r 
Mr Ahmed E.H. Jafler, Chair- 
man of . the English-Speaking gffggh. A. 

Union of Pakistan. 


Lunchtime Comment Clhb 
Mr Jack Newby, Director Gen- 
eral of the Building Employers’ 

son presided at the annual 
dinner of the Essex Yeomanry 
Dinner Gub held at The Cav- 
alry and Guards Gub last night. 
Major-General C. A. Ramsay 
was the guest of honour. 


Gold medals for daffodils 

By Alan Toogood, Horticulture Correspondent 

Daffodils and rhododendrons macabeanura. Other trophy win- 

ners are: — 

are to be seen in their thousands 
in the competitions at the Royal 
Horticultural Society's show, 
which opened yesterday at 

Trppby winners 1 b the daffodil 
com petition are Brian S. Dun- 
can, of Omagh, Co Tyrone, who 
gained the Eagfeheart challenge 
cup far his own new varieties, 
including the golden trumpet 
‘Goldfinger'; and F.C. Pasties, 
of Dnxtwkh, Hereford and 
Worcester, who has gained the 
Guy Wilson memorial vase far 
six white varieties, and a 
Siaunoads medal for best bloom 
in show (a small-cupped seed- 
ling in white and yellow). 

In the rhododendron com- 
petition R.N. Stephenson 
Clarke, of Bonk H3I, Haywards 
Heath, Sussex, has won the 
Lionel de Rothschild challenge 
cup for species, including the 
beantifnl pale yellow R. 

The Hon Edward and .Mrs 
Boscowan, of Handrosa, Sussex, 
die Roza Stevenson challenge 
cup for the species R. 
BvariffotiamOilacX Anne Count- 
ess of Rosse and the National 
Trust, of Nymans Gardens, 
Handcross, Sussex, the 
McLaren challenge cup for the 
species R. oacafteuw. The 
Trust for S F Christie, of 
Btackhills, Mo ray-shire, the 
Loder challenge cup for the 
hybrid ’EndevoHr’ (pale yellow); 
ami Edmond de Rothschild, of 
Exbury, Hampshire, the 
CrosGeld challenge cap for six 
hybrids, indnding the beautiful 
white ‘Exbury Calstoctar’. 

The committees have made 
the following awards to plants: 



Pint obis nrtwn 
Vfodrt Mamon*, w« 

, me Gnu Parti, 


Gold medals have been 
awarded to: Edrom Nurseries, of 
Coldingham, Berwickshire, 
which are showing primulas and 
alptnes, including the choice 
pale yellow Primula aureate; the 
RHS LOy Group, showing frit- 
illams; Clive Pasties, of 
Droitwich, Hereford and. 
Worcester, a display of daffo- 
dils; and Rathowen Daffodils, of 
Omagh, Co Tyrone, also show- 
ing these flowers. 

The show is open today from 
10 am to 5 pm. 


Latest appointments include: 
Mr DJLM. Henry, QC, and 
Judge J.A-D. Owen. QC. to be 
Justices of the High Court, 
assigned to the Queen's Bench 

Mr D.M. Jack to be a circuit 
judge on the South Eastern 

Mr Monty Court. Racing Editor 
of the Sunday Mirror, to be 
Editor of The Sporting Life, in 
succession to Mr Graham 

The Rev T.J.Wrigfat. a 
housemaster at Malvern Col- 
lege, to be Headmaster of the 
John Lyon School, Harrow, 
from September, in succession 
to Mr David Dixon. 

Mr Gavin N. Drummond, Direc- 
tor of Libraries and Museums, 
Angus, to be Chairman of the 
Library and Information Ser- 
vices Committee, National Li- 
brary of Scotland . 

Miss Janet Sutcliffe to be 
Principal of the E ast b ou r ne 
College of Domestic Economy 
from September, in succession 
to Mrs Elizabeth Burditt, who is 

Mr DJ. Beeby, head of history 
at Gresham's School, to be 
Headmaster of Clayesmore 
School Dorset, from Septem- 
ber, in succession to Mr Michad 

The following to be Deputy 
Lieutenants for Avon: 

The Duchess of Beaufort, Mire 
Stella Rosemary Clarke, Briga- 
dier John Geoffrey Starling, and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Kenneth 
Charles Robert Gibson. 

Fatter John Guest to be na- 
tional chaplain of the Catholic 
Marriage Advisory Council 
from next September (and not 
president of the council as 
reported on April 8). 

Mr Murray David Maitland 
Keddie. of Rochford, Essex, to 
be High Sheriff of Essex in 
succession to Mr D.WJBL Evans. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

Mate* 15% VAT 

(mninMnn 3 lines) 
Annoonceots. amlicMicated by the 
name end permanent address of die 
sender, nay be seal mx 

PQ BOX 484 
MkffA Street 

« telephoned (by telephone nhs- 
abos only) Kt 81411 3S2I 

Amwuncemcfus can be recc w ed by 
telephone between 9,00am and 
3.30pm Monday to Friday, on Satur- 
day between «.(Xhm and 12 noon. 
(IMtl teSO OatyL For pnbbcauoa (be 
foUowins day phone by 1.30pm. 

ck on Coon and Social Rue (tifai 
* ire VAT. 

Court and Social Pagr 
announcements am not be accepted 
by telephone. Enquiries to: SI-122 
13 (after IQJOmn). or send to 1, 

Hr mat wadketh with wfeu> mm 

el foots stun be nestrayen. 
Proiotn 13. 20 


ALIEN - On April 280t at Queen 
Charlotte's Hospital to Meg iirte 
Darts) and David, a saon Gregory 
Raymond, a brother tor Marta. 

MrwEM - On 26th April al the West 
London, to Paul and Catharine, (trie 
Thomas) James, a brother (or Other. 

•OMWO on April 25ft to Hong Kong 
to Ctaodta owe Mo) and Philip, a son. 
Simon, a brother tor Gavin 

CMOS - On April ZSth at The Royal 
Bucks Hoaptui to Stmon and Mary, a 
son Ottver Henry WUUam. a brother 
tor Thomas and Katy- 

COOYEH- On Apm 23rd hi WaSilng- 
ton U.S.A.. to Caroline <nee 
Kenqstor) ana Cortez, a daughter. 
Isabella, a staler tor Rebecca. 

DUCKETT - On 25th April 1986 to 
Dapny and John, a son George, a 
brother for James. 

OOltZ-ftANDALL - On 19th April to 
Alison <n*e While) and Ptrfto. a son. 
William Philip Armstr o ng. 

On April 27th lo 
Defrdre into Igoel and Rory, a 
daughter. Maeve. 

MOKRtSON-CORLET on 26th April at 
Queen Charlotte'* HostdiaL to Diana 
and Andrew, a son. James 

PALMRET - on Friday April 25th to 
Pamela lute Burgess) and David, a 
son. Beniamin Jack, a brother tor 
Lucy and James. 

PATTERSON - On 28th April 1986. to 
Kim (trie BusweH) and Mike, a sou. 
Nicholas Simon, a brother for James. 

RAYMOND on 19th ApriL to Carol 
(n4e Harwood) and Anthony a son 
James Anthony Hewnt 

SCHUSTER - On 28th April 1986 « 
The Portland Hospital. London to 
Emma (nee Codrlngtoa) and Peter, a 

cUUMMrr Hann ah. 

SCHUSTER on April 28th at Portland 
Hospital, to Emma inte Codrtngton) 
and Peter, a daughter Hamah 

sounmooD cm 2001 aphl i986 at 
noeMord Hospital, to Janot (nee 
Baynes) aid NtgeL a daughter. 
Emma Louise. 

TCTTENBONN - On 2 SO) Off April 
1986. to Sue and Richard, a son. 
Mark Richard. 

UNDERWOOD on April 25th . at S3 
Mikes Hospital. GuOdfonL to GOUan 
(Nee Beverly) and Roger, a daughter 
Katherine Megan Georgina, a sMer 
#or Raffles 

WATKINS - On the 36th of April at 
Kingston Hospital to Janet (nte Hum) 
and NtoeL a daugbiar Tara Felicity. 

WILKMSON on 27Ut April at St 
Barthotomews Hospital- London to 
OiristtoeCiweLawWand Greg, a aw 
Adato Marcus 

WtLLUMS-JONES - At feawMlJ J* 
April 27th 1986. a sen Mai* IWM 
to Pamela (nee Neul) and Dm.HL a 
brother tor Sarah. 


MARSHAUUmDOr on April 26m. 
1986. at St Pauls Church. 
Knlttitsbrtoge. Nicholas JC Marshall 
to Stephanie A Rtddy. 


ANDERSON - Maty Aim on 28th April 
peacefully In Albany. Western 
Australia. Beloved wife of the tale 
Jock, loved and devoted mother and 

ARNOLD - On April 28th. suddenly In 
Budap e st. Dents Arnold. FHA Heath- 
er Professor of Music fen the 
University of Oxford- The Cremation 
win take place In Hungaiy- 

BARNA8Y - Ellen passed away on 
26th April 1986 at Foxtoy H1U Nurs- 
ing Home. Gainsborough, widow of 
the late William Royle Barnaby. 
formerly of Waltham Plan. 

Waltham, also of Minster Yard. 
Lincoln. Funeral service Scunthorpe 
Crematorium on Friday 2nd May at 

I. 30pm. Enquiries to Co-op Funeral 

Department. North Street. 

Gainsborough. Tel: 0427 2131. 

■LUCK - Else Olga, adored wife or 
Robert Caritot and beloved mother 
of Judith. Passed away on Wednes- 
day evening April 23rd 1986. She 
will never leave our hearts and 
thoughts. Church service al SL 
Laurence. Hawkhurst on Friday 
May 2nd at l OO pm. followed by 
cremation at Tunbridge Wells. Plants 
or rose bushes lo C. Waterhouse & 
Sons. HHi Street. Burwash. East 
Sussex Tet: (0435) 882219. 

EASTON - On 28th ApriL after a brave 
struggle. Bobble Oecile (nee 
ToemanL beloved wife of Peter and 
adored mother of Lynne. Nicola and 
Antony. Cremation at Hoop Lane 
Cemetery. NW1 1. Friday 2nd May at 

II. 50 am, 

ELLIS - on April 27th. Kathleen Mary, 
peacefully at her home in Hoylake. 
Much loved mother of Rosemarie 
and David (deceased), sister of 
Dome, Service today 12-15 pm al 
SLHUdebargh's Church. Hoylake fol- 
lowed by cremation at Laodka n . 
Enquiries Quins Funeral Service. 
Hoylake. 061 632 2205. 

ELLMANM . Dr. J. ~EUman passed 
away peacefully. Funeral al We* 
London Crematorium. Kensal Green. 
WIO on 1st May 1986 al 1.00pm. 

p on April 281ft. 1986. peaceful- 
ly al Ws home. Ronald Noel, of 
Newbridge Farm. Ftyford. FtaveL 
Will be sadly mused by ail Ms family. 
Mends and neighbours. Funeral ser- 
vice al Worcester Crematorium, on 
Thursday May 1st at 11.00 am. 
Family Dowers only, lo Edwin HID 
Funeral Director. Pershor*. Dona- 
tions If desired, to the SL Richard's 
Hospke or The Marie Curie Fund, 
c/o of Barclays Bank. Penhore. 

FORSSANKR ■ On 27th April 
suddenly and peacefully at The 
Royal Surrey County HospttaL Denis 
aged 71. formerly of Gerranb Gross. 
Bucks, father of Andrew and 
QuIsUait and grandfather of Sury. 
Cremation service at the OtlUeros 
Crematorium. Amenhan on Friday 
2nd May al 12 noon. 

GARDNER . On April 28U 1986- 
Cathertne Winifred ’Winnie' into 
Baker). MsevfUSy at home, beloved 
wife of Erie for 47 years, mother of 
Angela. Prtscina and Andrew and 
grandmother of Anya and James. 
Funeral at Finchley Methodist 
Church. London N3 on Tuesday May 
6th at 2.00pm. Family flowers only, 
but donations may be sent to Save 
The Children Fund (Barnet & 
Ftoctney Branch) 94 

Northumberland Road. New BameL 

GMEMER - On April 26th 1986 In 
Innsbruck. Austria. Herma nn 
Gmetoo- aged 66. rounder of 80S 
Children's Villages. Mourned by 
thousands. No flowers. Engutrta 
and donations to SOS GiiMnm'S 
villages. 32 Bridge Street. 
Ca m bridge CBS 1UJ Tel: 0223 

GORDON CLARK - On A»r8 28tfa 
peacefully at Hooeywood Home. 
m her 9 1st year. Funeral private. 
Service of manksglvtag * 
church ou Monday. Junel*®®* 
230pm. Donations B desi red m the 
Royal Hospital for 

Incurables, Wettf HHL PUBW. 

MU. - On April 2 Mh.P«wftUlyto 
hospital. Jean- very miKhtoved w«e 
for over 60 years of Thn IT ora) 
mother Of WWaBOtt) and Dallas 
(Paget). Cremation private. 

HARVEY Ou April 26th. Margarita 
(Madge) Cardew-Smfth). Much 
loved by tier late husband. Cyril, her 
mn. David, and her family and 
friends. Funeral at 11am on Satur- 
day May 3rd at- West London 
Crematorium. Harrow Road. Kensal 
Green. London wio. 

April 28th at aifton. Juliet 
much loved wife and motho-. after a 
tong (Bnem courageously borne. 
Funeral Friday 2nd May at 2.00pm 
al SL Mary's. Thornton WaUav. Nr 
Bedaie. Family flowers only. 
Donations to imperial Cancer 
Research Fund. If desired. 

HOOFER - on Z71h April, suddenly tn 
hospttaL John Desmond Class, aged 
74. Much loved husband of Pauline 
and dear father of Ian. Simon and 
Tom. Service at Downs Crematori- 
um. Brighton on Tuesday 6th May at 
3J0 pan. Flowers and enquiries c/o 
Seaford Funeral Service. Cradle HID 
Road. Seaford. Tef (0523) 893889. 

HOSKINS - On April 27th 1986. peace- 
fully after a long illness. Jeannie 
Fettes Hoskins, aged 77 years, dearly 
beloved wife of rtrey HasJdns CAL 
Service at the Downs Crematorium. 
Bear Road. Brighton, on Friday May 
2nd at 4pra. Family flowers only, but 
donations If desired to the Saints and 
Sinners. Cancer Research Fund. <so 
Queen Anne's Sl Loudon Wi. 

LAMSTOM - On 28th April peacefutty 
in her sleep at Aldeburgh. Mary 
Olivia, widow of Hedworth. Funeral 
2.O0pm al Benhafl Church. Tuesday 
6th May. 

LHAY - an 26th ApriL peacefully at 
Mount AlvenUa HtnpiUl. Rosemary 
MUUcent (Tom): dearly loved wife of 
Mictuel and beloved mother of Nigei. 
Funeral private. Thanksgiving Ser- 
vice win be held at St. Mary's 
Church. Worplesdofl at 1 1 am on 
Saturday 24th May. If desired, dona- 
tions to The Imperial Cancer 
Research Fund. 

LOASBY - Peter George DJS.C-. Cap- 
lain Royal Navy. Suddenly on April 
25th 1986 beloved husband of Rose- 
mary Margaret Dear muter of 
Penelope and son-tn-law Christo- 
pher. A much loved Grandpa of 
Martha. Funeral service at 
Saxmundbam Parish Church on Fri- 
day May 2nd at 2.00pm followed by 
private cremation. Family flowers 
only. If desired donations lor the St 
Elizabeth Hospice Appeal, c/o Tony 
Brown. The Funeral Parlour. 
Saxmundbam. Suffolk. 

LOVE On April 26lh 1986. suddenly tn 
hospital. Bessie (Hawks) aged 87. Be- 
loved mother of Patricia and 
grandmother of Edmund and Han- 
nah. Funeral Service private. 

MOLE - On April 26th. peace! ulty after 
a tong nines*. Nancy (hlml Mole, 
much loved aunt of Philip. Mary, 
and Sheila, and dearly loved nanny 
to the Robertson family fdr S3 yuan. 
Funeral service at SL Bartholomews 
Church. Hash-mere, on Friday May 
2nd al 3.30 pm. followed by crema- 
tion, Family (towers only please. 
Donations I f desired to The Macmil- 
lan Unit. King Edward Vfl Hospital. 
MidhursL West Sussex. 

NETTELFRELD, John, peacefully an 
April 25th. surrounded by his (am- 
ity. JUL Jonathan. Hugh, william 
and Alex. Private Cremation. 
Thanlmdring service wiR be held at 
AD Saints Church. Odlham. on Fri- 
day May 23rd at 3JS0pm. Donations 
IT wished to any charity. 

MCHOLLS an 27th April 1986. sud- 
denly bat peacefully al home. Muriel 
EBen Nichofls retired H.M.I.. aged 81 
years. Much' loved by her brother, 
relatives and friends. Funeral service 
al Kingston .upon- Thames crematori- 
um on Friday 2nd May at 4 p.m. No 
flowers by reouesL Donations if de- 
sired to The ChUdims Society 

KHFDLD - Ernest WUUam. On 27th 
April 1906. suddenly al the Chelms- 
ford dt Essex Hospital. Devoted 
husband to Valerie and loving father 
to Joanna, Emma. Mark and Max. 
Late of Chubb Atanua. Qwnation af 
Chelmsford Crematorium on Friday 
2nd May at 10.46am. Family Dow- 
ers only. Donations If desired to The 
Music Foundations Appeal of the 
Royal Academy of Music. Maryto- 
bomr Road. London NW1 5KT. 

PETERS - On April 26th 1986 Nancy 
of Cannings Court Putnam. 
Dorchester, tale of Merstham and 
Reigale Heath, beloved sister, aunt 
and great aunl Family flowers only - 
Donations to Help The Aged. 

•■NTH - On April 26th I9S6 
peacefully Doris Irene (Mary) aged 
93. (widow of the late Harry t. 
smith) Of Fir Tree Road. 
Lcathertwod. Private cremation. 

ROSIER - on April 25th, peacefuBy. 
Eveline Joan {nee RuseeD) aged 77. 
widow of Ranald, formerly of Upper 
Prestwood. Chartwood. Funeral Sei^ 
vice al SE Margaret'S. bOefcL Sussex 
at SJSO pjn. on Friday May 2nd. 
Family flowers only. Donations if de- 
sired to Cancer Relief, c/o Cooper & 
Son Funeral Service. Rose OotUge 
New Town. Uckflekl 3763 and Lew- 
cs 476567. 

SYKES - On Monday Apr! 28th 
peacefully tn hli item after a tong 
illness Geoffrey, aged 72. of Rangers 
Lodge Cottage. Laventocfc. 
Salisbury. Funeral at Sattatxay 
Crematorium on Friday 2nd May at 
1.30pm. Family flowers only but 
donations. If desired, to Partdnsons 
Disease Sodety. c/o DJ(. Stwrgatd. 
159/161 Fbherton SC. Salisbury. 

WEST - on 27Q| April 1986 John aged 
80 years of Broad wtadsor House. 
Beannnster. Dorset. Peacefully after 
a long Illness. Borne with oncofn- 
pLrining courage, tale of the Colo nta l 
Agricultural Service. West Africa. 
Dearly loved Husband for 33 years 
of Frederica tFreddfeUnee Holden 
and loving Stepfather of Hugh. Jean 
and Katharine Gregm-. Cremation at 
Yeovil on Friday aid May al 3pm. 
Either, donations to Gantenera Ream 
Benevolent Society. 48 Westminster 
Palace Gardens. London, or if pre- 
ferred. Garden Flowers to AJ. 
Wakely & Sons. H ts n Uto ge Street. 
Crookham. Somerset 

mBTTAHEH - Christina Atira aged 86 
peacefully at home, on 26th April af- 
ter a tong and painful Uness. Funeral 
Service win take place at Breakspcar 
Crematorium. Rutsllp. on Tuesday 
6th May at ixam. Family flowers 
only. If desired, donations to Cancer 
Research e/o Mr E.A. WMttaker. 43 
Rodney Gardens. Eastcote. Pinner. 
Middx. Any enmities to HC 
Grimsted Ltd. (Funeral Directors). 
164 Field End Road. Eastcote. 
Middx. Tel: 014366 0688. 

WPLKSNSON Or April 23rd peacefully 
al the Victoria Hospital. Lewes. 
Rosamond Amy. aged 80 years, wife 
of the tale Flank Wilkinson and dear- 
ly loved mother, grandmother and 
greal-grandmotiwr. Cremation pri- 
vate. Thanksgiving service at St 
Anne's Parish Church. Lewes, on 
Friday May 2nd al 2 30 pm. No flow- 
era please, donations if desired to the 
Victoria Hospital League of Friends. 

WILIA MS Emily Marguerite on 27 
April 1986 at The Firs Nursing 
Home Taunton. Somerset. Aged 93. 
Formally of Rose Cottage. SarapfOrd 
ArundeL Wellington. Somerset wit 
ow of Cat*. Stephen Williams of 
SandfleM. Sampford Arundel. Fu- 
neral at The Holy Cross Church. 
Samp f ord Arundel, on Friday 2nd 
May at 12.30 pm followed by Crema- 
tion at Taunton Dene Crematorium. 
Donations if desired for Holy Cross 
Church fabric repairs to H. Tredwtn 
A Sons Funeral Directors. Sampford 

WINGKWOKTH - On April 28th after a 
long illness borne with great courage 
John Peter Wtndcworth. a Past 
Master of the Mercers Company, 
formerly a Church GonumasiOMr 
and Senior fertnerof Winckworth A 
Pemberton of Westminster. Requiem 
Mass at SL Saviour**. Eastbourne, on 
Tuesday 6th May at 12-00 noon, 
followed by cremation at Eastbourne 
Crematorium. AD enquiries to 
Mews. Haliir & Son. 19 South 
Street Eastbourne. Eastbourne 
27801. Arrangements for a memori- 
al service to be announced taler. 


GASH - A Service of Thanksgiving tor 
win be held at Ihe Church of SL 
Laurenre-to- Reading on Thursday. 
8th May 1986 at 2JS0nm. 

JOLLY - Service of thanksgiving tor 
ihe life of Hugh Jolly, wm be held at 
AD Sotos ChiBrti. Langhan Place, at 
1pm on the loth of May. 

MACHDDE - A Memorial service for 
Davnt Henry Madndoe wfD be ImU 
at Eton College Chapel al 2.45pm on 
Friday 9th May. 

MRSHALL • Horace FMd. TJD. A me. 
mortal service for Horace ParshalL 
sometime Chancellor of the order of 
SI John and Master of the Mvchant 
Taylors Livery Company, will be 
held in the Grand Pnory Church of 
Sl John, st John's Souare. London. 
ECt . at noon, an Thursday 22nd of 
May 1 986. 

WHYTE Tom . 'a Memorial Service for 
Mr Torn wtiyie. who passed away 
on 26th Mart* In Huston. Texas. 
Win be hdd al the West London Syn- 
agogue. Upper Barclay Street. 
London wi. on Wednesday. 7th 
May at B^Opra 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr P. Agertoft Mr M. D. Mackinder 

and Miss C D. E. Fym aod Miss H. & Williamson 

The engagement is announced The engagement is announced 1 
between Peter, son of Mr and between Malcolm Douglas, son' 1 
Mrs Jens Agertoft, of Copeo- 0 f Lieutenant-Colonel and Mrs 
hagen, and Gate, younger q a. Mackinder, and Heather 
daughter of Dr R, W. Fynn, of Elizabeth, daughter of Mr and 
Zimbabwe, and Mis Diana Mra R. A. Williamson, both of 

Fynn, of Topsham, Devon. 

Mr D. Chapman 
and Miss C- M- Wefts 
The engagement is announced 
between David, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs J. A. Chapman, of 
West Norwood, and Catherine, 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
David Wells, of Dulwich, 

Mr T. D. J. Chappell 
and Miss C. H. Richardson 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy, younger son 
of Mr and Mis W. G. D. 
Chappell, of Bolton, Lancashire, 
and Claudia, daughter of Mr. 
and Mis M. R. Richardson, of St 
dement, Jersey. 

Mr P. J. Coventry 
and Miss C. L. Mansdl 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter John, son of Mr 
and Mrs J. F. Coventry, of 
Aylesbury, and Claire Louise, 
daughter of Dr P. W. A. 
Mansell, of Houston, Texas, and 
Mis William Shand, of. Dul- 
wich, London. 

Mr E. M. Grant 
and Mbs C A. George 
The engagement is announced 
between Evan, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs RL M. D. Grant, of 
Polio kshidds, Glasgow, and 
Carol, eldest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs H. George, of Cambridge. 

Mr A. J. Hancock 
and Miss E. D. Scarfs 
The engagement is announced 
from Melbourne, Australia, be- 
tween Andrew (Sandy), younger 
son of Mr and Mis J. Arnold - - - " 

Hancock, of Red HOI South. MaiTia&eS 
and FUratteih (Daisy), daughter ° 


Mr D. C J. Murphy 
and Miss J. E. Hill 
The engagement is announced 
between Derek, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs T. J. Murphy, of 
Harpenden, Hertfordshire, and 
Jacqueline, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs G E. Hill, of Aid wick. West 

Mr A. G. Osborne-Young 
and Mrs S. M. B. Banks 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, eldest son of 
Squadron Leader and Mrs K. H. 
Osborne- Young, of Lower 
Hollin. Pensax. Worcestershire, 
and Susie, only daughter of 
Lieutenant-Colonel wT R. B. 
Alien and the late Mrs W. R. B. 
Allen, of West Wittering. 

Mr R- S. Overbury 
and Mrs L. E. Harris', 

The engagement is announced 
between Rupert, son of Mr 
Colin Overbury, OBE, of Brus- 
sels. and Mrs Dawn Boyd, of 
Earl Soham, Suffolk, and Lacy, 
only daughter of Mr Derek 
Allen. ofRendham, Suffolk, and 
the late Mrs Sheila Allen. 

Captain D. G. O. Skinner 
and Miss S- L. Birtwistle 
The engagement is announced 
between Denzil Skinner, 
[6th/5th The Queen's Royal 
Lancers, son of Ueutenant- 
Colonel and Mrs D. R. Skinner, 
of School Farm, Hecfcfidd, 
Basingstoke, and Sarah Louise, 
younger daughter of the late Mr 
Edmund Birtwistle and of Mrs 
Edmund Birtwistle, of Beech 
Hyde Farm, Wheaiham pstcad, 

of Mr and Mrs Robert J. Searls, 
of South Yarife 

Mr A- ML Johnston 
and Miss T. S. Gouriay 
The engagement is announced 
between Alistair, son of Mr and 
Mrs James Alan Johnston, of 
Wickham brook, Suffolk, and 
Taxnsin, daughter of Mr James 
Gouriay, of Horsenden Manor, 
Princes Risborough, 

Buckinghamshire, and Mrs 
Philip J events, of Bull Hill 
House. Chadlington, 


Mr J. A. de Laszlo 

and Mis 1LJ, Price ... 

The marriage took place on 
April 24, of Mr John de Laszlo 
and Mrs Judy Price, widow of 
Lieutenant-Colonel K. J. Price, 

Mr G M. McCabe 
and Miss & J. Edgecombe 
The marriage look place on 
Fridm, April 18. 1986. between 
Mr Christopher McCabe, of; 
Bickington, south Devon, and 
Miss Sally Ecfeecontbe, of Dor- 

Kings College, 

The Old Al median Cub of 
Kings College will be holding 
the London dinner at the Drury 
Lane Hold on Friday, May 9, 
1986. The special guest will be 
Mr A. K. Voddcn. tickets, 
which are £17.00 each, may be 
obtained from Miss Hsrene 
Plant Tel: 01-658 9323. 

Sacred Heart School 

The Sacred Heart School, Tun- 
bridge Wells, Summer Term 
commenced on Monday, April 
21. and ends on Friday, July 1 1, 
1986. Half Term is from Friday, 
May 23. to Monday, June 2. The 
Beechwood ball is, this year, 
being held at the school on 
Saturday, May 3. Tickets are 
available from the school sec- 
retary. The new an and science 
building will be officially 
opened at the school open day 
on Sunday, July 6, 1986. 

Royal Grammar 
School, Guildford 

The following scholarship 
awards for the Royal Grammar 
School, Guildford, have been 

Kino's xtiolaraMns: Stuart J Harvey 
icranmore). Mark A Sanotord 
■ MMdte School), 
lips: RKtart J Cunningham 
Middle School and Royal 

• School). Simon R Layer 

icranmore). Timomy J McCann 


A.. Peargj 

(Cranmore). Henry J SpUberg 
Bannotoniew-5 Middle ScnaaU. 

Mudr awards: 

Kino'* scholarship: Andrew F 

Maveron (Si Hilary's). , 

Scholarships: Markin A Ford 
(Lanetoorough). Stuart J Harvey 
(Cranmore). Jonathon I. Holt (South 
Farnlwm Middle School .and Rovat 

and Royal Grammar School). Timothy 
J McCann (Oanmore) and Matthew J 
D RukUTord icranmore). 

Birthdays today 

Dr G. E. Aylmer, 60; Mrs Janey 
Buchan, MEP, 60; Mr Dickie 
Davies. 53; Lord Diamond. 79; 
Dame Isabel Graham Bryce, 84; 
Mr W. R. Henry, 71; Mr Alfred 
Lomas, MEP, 58; Lord 
McIntosh of Haningey, 53; 
Lord Peart, 72; Lord Saint 
Brides, 70: Lord Sanderson of 
Bowden. 53; Sir Frank TumbulL 
8 1; Mr Peter Willes, 73. 

Wells Cathedral 

The Prince of Wales will be 
present at a Eucharist to mark 
the completion of work on the 
west front and high vaults of 
Wells Cathedral, which will be 
celebrated on the Cathedral 
Green on June 19, 1986. Any- 
one who contributed to the 
appeal and who wishes to attend 
should write for further details 
by May 8, 1986, to the Cathedral 
Secretary. West Cloister Offices, 
Wells, BA5 2PA. 

Calls to the Bar 

Lincsta's Inn 

AWR Mltchco. gA^CHom). St Edmund 

Han. Oxford: 

Sfu-Hung. LLB 

and PCUL. Unfverdty of Hongkong: 
CJ annul, iwetnure. Bar of Ireland: 
and BJD Kilty. BSc (Horn), member. 
Bar ot Ireland. 

Inner Temple 

deputy dak.. Preslog 

nurtEE Ghntavre. LLB. 

T Wttsan. 

.... Jntverstty: SR MWyneux. ...... 

MA. University College of Wales. 

H nwyti ySp swan. LLB. Queen 
Mary College. London: ag curie. 
LLB. Hun UnfvenUy; MOJ Harwood. 
MA. Lady Margaret Hall. Oxford: AM 
Sserard. LLB. Hut University: SE 
limey. BA. Manchester PpfyJecfntirr 
TPL ChaBoner. LLB. Unlvendly Of 
Buckingham: MJ Topol -del. former 
solicitor: Helen M Endre. LLB. Ad- 
elaide University. Australia. 

Gray's Inn 

ley. LLB. University of Warwick: MR 
Todd- LLB. Birmingham University: 
RC Thomson BA. uvenmol Poly- 
technic: MR Swain. BACEconL Shef- 
field UnlvcTstly: CA waiters. MA. 
Wadlvam . ODUege. _ Oxfor d: M ary 
Man lev- Walker. LLB. UnlWEelty of 
East Anglia. 

Middle Temple 

MX Kamour. BSc. hanker: PA Sher- 
lock. DML magraraiM* court cferic 
RM DWoer. MA. BCL, Brascnooe 

LLB. Liverpool University: B. Hutim. 
UB. Newcastle Unfyergty: DJ Oofd- 
stone. BA. New Coitege. Oxford: CW 
French. BA. acton Sandra Elsjcfc 
LLB. court clerk: June Ellis, ba. 
HaOleld Polytectartc: Kim J Holden. 
BA . court clerk; Honor MB Desmond. 
BCL. barrM er of teetand: GO Pefrv. 



BA. barrtder of 

SH Cotsen. Assistant 

General. Hongkong. 

I Ireland:! 


Glovers' Company 
Mr Frederick W. Caine, Master 
of the Glovers' Company, pre- 
sided at a luncheon held al 
Grocers' Hail yesterday. The 
principal guests were Viscount 
Tonypandy and the Rev Lord 

M?AIan Et^WUliams and Dr 
Geoffrey Williams were the 
guest speakers at the English- 
Speaking Union literary lun- 
cheon held yesterday at 
Dartmouth House. Mr Michael 
Heseltine, MP, was in the chair 

aqd Sir Patrick Dean, deputy 
president, also spoke. 

Institute of Energy 
Mr Peter Walker, Secretary of 
State for Energy, was the prin- 
cipal guest ana speaker at the 
annual luncheon or the Institute 
of Energy held at the Inn on the 
Park Hotel yesterday. Mr P. C. 
Warner, president, was in the 

Royal Society of 

The 1986 Gold Medal of the 
Royal Society of Medicine has 
been awarded to Professor Sir 
Cyril Clarke. 


Authority on Renaissance 
and Baroque music 

Professor Denis Arnold, 
CBE, FBA, who died suddenly 
in Budapest on April 28, aged 
59, while attending a meeting 
of the International Musico- 
logical Society, was the Heath- 
er Professor of Music in the 
University of Oxford and the 
author of a number of books, 
most notably on Venetian 

He also edited the New 
Oxford Companion lo Afusic. 

Born in Sheffield on De- 
cember 1 5, 1 926, he studied at 
the university there and was 
awarded an MA fora disserta- 
tion on Weelkes before taking 
up a post as lecturer in music 
at Queen's University, Belfast, 
in 1951. 

In 1964 he moved to Hull, 
going from there to Notting- 
ham University in 1969 as 
Professor of Music. Here he 
did mud) to strengthen and 
develop the - music depart- 
ment, also forming a graduate 
course on Baroque music. 

Arnold became Heather 
Professor of Music at Oxford 
in 1975, where his energies 
found an outlet not only in 
lecturing, teaching and writing 
but also in conducting. 

His many official posts and 
appointments included presi- 
dency of the Royal Musical 
Association from 1979 to 
1983, when he was appointed 
CBE He was elected a Fellow 
of the. British Academy in 

As a writer, Arnold's princi- 
pal work was in the field of 

Venetian music, especially 
Monteverdi: he spent part of 
every year at his house near 
Venice, pursuing his 
researches. * . 

His books include an admi- 
rable study of Monteverdi 
(1963) and two editions of a ( 
Monteverdi Companion (1969 
and 1985). as wett J* a 
Beethoven Companion (1971). 
But other composers who 
were the subjects of mono- 
graphs included Marenzio 
(1965), Giovanni Gabrieli 
(1974) and Gesuaklo (1984). 

He wrote a large number of 
articles on these and kindred 
composers, and made practi- 
cal editions of Gabrieli He 
also edited The New Oxford 
Companion to Afusic which 
appeared in 1983. . . 

Arnold was a gifted pianist 
and harpsichordist, and a 
" lecturer of infectious enthusi- 
asm. His wide knowledge of w 
Baroque music was manifest- 
ed in his articles and in his 
teaching; where his livery and 
forcefully held" views were 
conveyed with a cheerful de- 
light in the subject. 

His extrovert and amiable 
. nature, and relish of the 
outrageous, concealed much 
dedicated professionalism, 
not least in the administration 
of a university music depart- 
ment in difficult times. 

In all his work and in his 
generous hospitality he was 
given the most loyal support 
by his wife, Elsie, herself a 
trained musicologist with t 
whom he often collaborated. 


Mr Gontran Goulden, OBE, 
TD, FRIBA, who died on 
April 19. at the age of 72, was 
director of the Building Cen- 
tre. London, from 1962 to 
1974, a time when it was 
broadening its role from that 
of an exhibition of materials 
and equipment to an informa- 
tion and educational body 
concerned with all aspects of 

It became a model for 
similar institutions overseas, 
and an International Union of 
Building Centres was formed 
in 1965 with Goulden as its 

Gontran Iceton Goulden 
was born on April 5, 1912, 
educated at St Edmund's 
School, Canterbury, and stud- 
ied architecture at London 
University before joining a 

A dedicated member of the - 
Terri to riaJ Army, he was com- • 
missioned into theHoyai Ar- ■ 
lillery as eady as- 1931. 

During the Second World 
War he served in Ceylon, 
India and the Far East, hold- 
ing senior staff appointments. 
He was twice mentioned in 

After returning to civilian 
life, first teaching at toe Agri- 
cultural Association school 
and then as chief technical 
officer at toe Budding Centre, 
he continued his association 
with the T A. 

He was deputy commander 
33 AA Brigade. 1954-58; bon 
Colonel 452 HAA Regiment, 
RA, 1960-61; and hon Colonel 
254 Field Regiment. RA, 

When toe International 
Union of Architects held its 
biennial conference in Britain 
in 1961, Goulden was ap- 
pointed director. 

He controlled its meetings 
and auxiliary functions with 
exemplary efficiency and tact, 
an achievement facilitated by 
his extrovert personality and 

He contributed in many 
other ways to toe administra- 
tive ride of toe architectural 
profession: as secretary of toe 
Modern Architectural Re- 
search Group,- 1950-53; as a ^ 
member of council of toe 
Architectural Association 
(president 1956-7); as a mem- 
ber of toe RIBA council and of 
toe Architects Registration 
Council; and as treasurer from 
1967-75 of toe International 
Union of Architects. 

■ He also served on several 
government committees con- 
cerned with the building in- 
dustry. He was appointed 
OBE in 1963. 

In retirement Goulden 
found a second career as a 
traveller and writer. He had a 
fine eye for paintings' and 
buildings and reviewed books 
on travel and architecture for 
The Times with flair and . 
knowledge. rC 

He was a big, fine looking 
man wito.a twinkle in his eye, 
who grew more handsome as 
he grew older. 

He and his wife. Nan eye, 
made a splendid pair, cultivat- 
ed and urbane intellectuals 
who retained a childlike sense 
of fun and a lust for fife. 


Dr Patrick Grove, CBE, toe 
founder and for 40 years the 
driving force behind toe orga- 
nization that has grown to 
become Amersham Interna- 
tional a company with a £] 00 
million turnover, has died, 
aged 71. 

His was toe success story of 
high technology industry. In 
1940 be took over an outhouse 
near Amersham, in Bucking- 
hamshire, to make luminous 
paint for toe war effort. 

. The business thrived and 
went on to manufacture radio- 
active research tools for indus- 
trial and medical uses. 

Grove’s first practical ac- 
quaintance with radioactivity 
was as an ’assistant in the 
laboratory of the Radium 
Institute in London. 

At toe outbreak of war he 
spent a short time at the Royal 
Navy Torpedo Establishment 
al Greenock in Scotland be- 
fore starting toe laboratory in 

Amersham to refine radium 
for luminous paint. 

After toe war. Grove steered 
bis group on a course ol 
vigorous and sustained expan- 
sion, broadening its work into 
the new field of radio- iso- 

It was named the Radio- 
chemical Centre in 1946 and 
for eight years was part of the 
newly formed United King- 
dom Atomic Energy 

In 1971 it became a private 
limited company with Grove 
as its managing director. 

He had already turned his 
attention abroad; and when he 
retired in 1979 85 per cent ol 
the company's business was 
from overseas. 

Grove, who was created a 
CBE in 1969, took a keen 
interest in local affairs; he was 
chairman of the bench and 
governor of several schools 
and colleges. 

He leaves a widow, JflL 


Dr Mari Nyswander, an 
American psychiatrist who 
helped develop methadone 
treatment for heroin addic- 
tion, died on April 20, aged 67. 

Her introduction to the 
problems of drug addiction 
came during the Second 
World War when she was a 
lieutenant in the US Public 
Health Service. Later she 
trained in psychiatry and 

It was during the 1960s, 
with her husband, Vincent 
Dole, that' she developed 
methadone maintenance for 
toe management of heroin 
addiction. An estimated 
150,000 heroin users have 
since entered methadone 
maintenance programmes. 

She was associated with toe 
Beth Israel Medical Centre, 
where she and her husband 
instituted trials of methadone 
in 1964. 

Her work during the 1 960s, 
in a store-front dime set up by 

the Narcotics Office of 
East Harlem- Protestant 
ish. was profiled in The i 
Yorker magazine in 1965. 
later published as a bool 
Doctor Among the Addicts 
Nat Hen toff 

In The Drug Addict t 
Patient (1956). she advai 
the view that addiction sh< 
be approached as a med 

prize winner anc 
porter for the Chicot 
Times, has died, a g e d < 

Hough was a repor 
rewrite editor for the < 
Sun-Times for 34 year 
remembered as toe < 
sential newspaperman. 

■ He served in the 
World War with toe 
States Air Force as i 
operato r/gunner. flyj 
.missions over Europe. 

He is survived by h 
.Ellen, and four chfldre 


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So now 
the dust 
can lie 

Mote, massacres and streams 
of pitiful refugees filled the 
screen at regular intervals over 
the last three days of Lord 
Mounsbatten: The Last Vice- 

rise series had the vast 
disadvantage of coming to the 
screen at the rear of a proces- 
sion of fabulous epics about 
the twilight of the British Raj. 
It was hard not to notice that it 
lacked the dignity of Gandhi, 
the scope of A Passage to 
India, the gotsy vulgarity of 
The Far Pavilions or the 
humanity of A Jewel in the 
Crowa. lt also lacked a viable 
dramatic structure, so that 
pBes of bloodstained corpses 
and rioting mobs were called 
for so often that the sights 
became wearisome. 

The first problem was histo- 
ry, in which events seldom 
arranged themselves into the 
kind of heart-stopping, s 
penseful progression that 
keeps an audience viewing for 
horns on end. The second 
problem was evidently senti- 
ment; the Mountbattens are to 
this- day dearly-loved figures 
but it was hard to project the 
qualities which aroused public 

The script often gave the 
impression of having been 
. assembled from nndig gsted 
fragments of military mem- 
oirs, and the dialogue flowed 
most freely when Aochmleck 
waved a pointer over a map. 
Any emotional dimension the 
drama could have achieved 
was nullified by this dipped, 
factually-orientated mode. 
The series was unable to 
suggest die personalities of 
Mountbatten and his wife 
Edwina in any meaningful 
way. Nicol Williamson in the 
tide role had an appropriate 
Cruel Sea accent and an upper 
lip so stiff it was unable to 
animate the wooden dialogue. 
The most successful charac- 
terization was lan Rich- 
ardson's Nehru, which was 
achieved at the cost of giving 
an imposing newsreel figure 
rather too modi plasticity. 

The awkward question of 
the relationship between Lady 
Mountbatten and die Indian 
leader was treated with hesi- 
tancy ami embarrassment 
rather than deHcacyrinid me 
had the impression that the 
scriptwriter would have -been 
happier to dock this issue 

In ail, this sbe-hour mini- 
series was not equal to its 
subject ami has effectively 
ensured that the dost of this 
era will not be disturbed again 
for some years — when, per- 
haps, tbe lengthening perspec- 
tive of history wffl render it 
earner to portray with success. 


DM Conway 

Emphasis on the character 

The Snow Queen 



Celia Brayfield 

best, tbe score is striking; for 
instance, the interlude after 
tbe prologue. In which you not 
only hear fragments of the 

shattered mirror felling, and 

the bowling wolves, but you 

there are not many three-act even feel the cold, 
ballets where the male dancing The colourful quality of the 
fekes precedence, but David music is matched by Terry 
BtnUey’s new Snow Queen is Bartlett’s designs, simple but 
one. The pattern is set in the giving definition to each 
prologue, where malevolent scene, and by the emphasis in 
craturKJ caper threateningly Bintley’s choreography on 
before their cruel m is tre ss, tbe- That al- 

Snow Queen makes her ap- lows him to show off the 
pearance, and among her at- strength of Sadler’s Wells 
tendants the three sinister Royal Ballet’s men, not least 
white wolves, danced by men, in an ingeniously hectic sc- 
are more prominent than her quence at the betrothal of Kay 
snow-maidens. and Genla. 

The ballet's plot, as Bintley Michael O'Hare, in a long, 
explained on this page last difficult and funny solo with a 
week, is close to that of Ld bottle, largely ran away with 
Baiser de la Jee. In feet, the honours for dancing at Mon- 
plot proves better constructed day night’s premiere, with 
and stronger in its drama. On notable performances also 
the other hand, although from Graham Lustig as a 
Bramwell Tovey has written a white-haired dwarf capri- 
good, rhythmical ly-support- ciously evil, and the three 
ive, colourful, atmospheric wolves led by Fetter Jae- 
score based on themes by obsson. 

Mussorgsky, those two are not One unfortunate result was 
axmially the equals of Stravin- that the ostensible hero, Kay, 
sky and Tchaikovsky. At hs seemed by contrast a pallid 

figure for some of the time. 
Thai is a little unfair on 
Roland Price, who acts intelli- 
gently and sympathetically, 
and dances with vigour. He is 
best when being wicked, and 
also, crucially, m the ballet's 
final scene with its mixture of 
pathos, courage and doom. 
This is a performance which 
one can expea to grow once he 
has tbe measure of the role. 

Bintley has given tbe ballet, 
contrary to Hans Andersen’s 
story, a tragic ending. Gerda's 
devotion in following Kay to 
the Snow Queen's palace still 
serves to melt his heart, but it 
is too late: his fate is already 
sealed. That makes, in the 
theatre, a more definite cli- 
max. It also reflects the rela- 
tive strength of the two main 
women's roles. 

Leanne Benjamin gives 
Gerda a quiet tenacity, but she 
cannot find much more in the 
part, while the title role offers 
an opportunity for a sense of 
mystery and command. Sam- 
ira Saidi. in much tbe biggest 
role she has yet played, justi- 
fies Bintley’s choice of her not 
only by her striking beauty but 

by finding an inward stillness 
that conveys the character's 
confidence in her supernatural 
power. She carries off her long 
solos and the difficult duet at 
the end with confident skilL 

The Snow Queen is a long 
ballet, but it does not feel 
unduly protracted. How well 
its dance interest will sustain 
repeated viewings and varied 
interpretations remains to be 
seen. What is clear at first 
sight is that it offers an 
evening of exciting entertain- 
ment, not least by such tricks 
as the shattered mirror, the 
sudden apparition of a giant 
carnival figure and the use at 
one point of a tiny puppet. 

It suits ibis company well, 
too, offering minor roles that 
are done with great zest, by 
Anita Lan da and Desmond 
Kelly as Gerda's parents and 
by several players in the 
carnival scene. There is also a 
chance for the women in the 
final episode to redress the 
balance of power, which they 
lake with joyous enthusiasm.' 

John Percival 

Roland Price, acting intelligently and sympathetically, with Samira Saidi, confident in the 
Snow Queen's supernatural powers, thoroughly justifying selection for her biggest role yet 



Co vent Garden 

The shadows of Zeffirelli’s Tosco, with 
its flickering candle-light and glowering 
dawn, can all too easily, 22 years on, 
threaten to swallow up any cast not 
entirely equal to its epic might. Gallas, 
Cioni and Gobbi have been a hard act to 
follow. But it could just be that the Royal 
Opera, for a precious two more perfor- 
mances (tomorrow and Monday) have 
hit on a team who will provide in their 
own way fruit for future reminiscent 

That team is Ingvar Wixell, returning 
as Scarpia, Giuseppe Giacomini in his 
first Covent Garden Cavaradossi and, 
above all, the Soviet soprano Na talia 
Troitskaya, making her British debut 
They take the opera and its production — 
both unashamed archetypes — entirely 
on its own terms, and in doing so are de- 
lighting an eager, cross-legged auditori- 
um audience in this week of the annual 
Covent Garden Proms. 

Superb control and timing: Natalia 
Troitskaya with Ginseppe Giacomini 

Troitskaya sets the scale, creating a 
silhouette of melodrama whose every 
shifting profile is as hypnotic to watch as 
a silent movie. One is left, as if after star- 
ing into a bright light for too long, with a 
sequence of indelibly ingrained images: 
the fist quivering at the canvas in Act I as 
the other hand withdraws, trembling,, 
from Scarpia; the outstretched candle- 
bearing arms; the lurching first step to 
the parapet The voice, a pulsating. 

chest-orientated Eastern European so- 
prano. fleshes out this Tosca’s pride, 
volatility and dignity with suberb control 
and timing. 

That timing comes into its own in the 
central act Wixell, who has been 
preparing with wonderfully understated 
insinuation a crescendo of presence up to 
this point creates with Troitskaya a 
physical tension greater than any 1 have 
sensed here before. It is to Giaco in ini's 
credit that despite a short patch of vocal 
as well as physical torment at this point 
he was able to equal it in Act III. 
Elegance and eloquence reinforce each 
other in this dense, totally un histrionic 
tenor just as dignity tempers ardour in 
this Cavaradossi. 

With newly invigorated staging by 
Wilfred Judd, the evening, under a 
different baton, could just have turned 
over from good to great Michael 
Schonwandt creates a welcome trans- 
parency of text and texture, but offers 
conducting of the short-term, sectional 
school observing myopically for too 
much of the time and tending to breathe 
alongside rather than with and through 
bis singers and his composer. 

Hilary Finch 

John Cox (below), whose first production of The Marriage of Figaro opens in 
Glasgow this evening, believes in approaching an opera from its end, searching 
out the ultimate meaning he finds there: interview by Richard Morrison 

In the luxuriant gardens of the mind 



3 MAY 

Tonight at 7.30 


Tomorrow at 7 JO 



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It was only recently that John 
Cox realized the significance 
of April 30, the date his new 
production of The Marriage of 
Figaro for Scottish Opera 
opens at the Theatre Royal 
Glasgow. “I was sitting in bed 
reading Hildesheimer’s Mo- 
zart biography. It was late, but 
I had an inch of whisky left in 
my glass so I started flicking 
through the chronology of 
works. Then I saw it ‘1786, 
May 1. premiere of Le nozze 
di Figaro \ I nearly leapt out of 
bed. To have come that dose 
to the bicentenary by accident 
I know it’s going to mean a lot 
to the cast, and I'm sure the 
first-night party will take us 
well into May 1.” 

It seems improbable that a 
director with Cox’s long- 
standing Glyndebourne con- 
nections should be staging his 
first Figaro at the age of SO. 
But, as he points out, his 
Glyndebourne '’apprentice- 
ship*' coincided with Carl 
Ebert's celebrated production, 
which Cox assisted on. “It was 
such a wonderful production 
that 1 think the general feeling 
at Glyndebourne was that 
Figaro should not be attempt- 
ed again until something com- 
parable could be achieved. It 
was out of the repertoire for 
ages." Then, during Cox's 
time as Glyndebourne's direc- 
tor of productions (1971-82), 
it was decided that Peter Hall 
should do the complete cycle 
of Da Pome/Mozart operas. 

Cox is not unhappy, howev- 
er, about coming to Figaro 
comparatively late. "It is one 
of tbe great masterpiece 5 of 
the human spirit, and as such 
must be daunting. It was part 
of my five-year plan for 
Scottish Opera when I came 
here as general administrator 
in 1982, and 1 feel 1 am more 
ready for it now than I was on 

Most theatre directors look 
for a “way m" to a work, but 
Cox starts by looking for the 
way out: he thinks the ending 
through first. “I did a se- 
quence of operas with prob- 
lem endings. Ariadne auf 
Naxos being the most notori- 
ous. You could re-title it 
‘Waiting for Bacchus', but 
what the tell do you do when 
be gets there? So it became a 
babit for me to start with the 
last scene, to make the ending 
mean' what the rest is leading 

up to. ... 

“*In Ftgarolbe ending is also 
the most sublime passage: the 
forgiveness, and the following 




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ensemble. You scarcely dare 
breathe while it is being sung. I 
asked myself why is this 
taking place in a garden?" 

The question has led Cox to 
explore the eighteenth cen- 
tury's fascination with gar- 
dens, both in the literal 
horticultural sense and as apt 
symbols for the Enlighten- 
ment concern with the balance 
between Reason and Nature. 
“It soon became clear to me 
that this opera's amazing tan- 
gle can only be resolved in a 
garden. All the man-made 
artifices, the complications, 

the carefully-structured inti- 
macies and intrigues: in the 
garden it suddenly all comes 
out clearly. So what we try to 
project is the idea that when 
we are in emotional trouble 
we should consult nature." 

But what about the Count's 
extra-marital ambitions; sure- 
ly he is already following his 
own "nature"? Cox elabo- 
rates: “The point about the 
Count is that be is following 
nature in the wrong way; be is 
playing the beast Figaro is a 
statement of faith in the 
perfectability of human rela- 
tionships. You can have won- 
derful harmony, but only if 
you get the balance right, if 
you don’t distort ft by greed or 

The designer. John Byrne, is 
a painter, playwright and di- 1 
rector in his own right “He's 
an astonishing polymath", 
says Cox, “and the most 
arresting things about his stage 
designs are his costumes. They 
are not just costume designs, 
they are character-studies 
down to the smallest detail.” 
Both director and designer are 
determined that all the opera’s 
concealments and disguises 
should be convincing. “I have 
seen too many Figaros lately 
where the characters stand 
there in broad moonlight, and 
the only reason they don’t see 
each other is because they 
don’t want to wreck the 
production. Thai is design and 
direction cop-out” 

Being the com party's artistic 
director, says Cox, usually 
ensures he gets the singers he 

wants. “I was keen to have 
isobel Buchanan doing her 
first Susanna, however magi- 
cal her Countess may have 
been. Curiously, a similar 
situation arose with Jonathan 
Summers. I know Govern 
Garden cast him as Figaro, but 
when 1 saw him doing Onegin 
for Opera North I knew at 
once that here was our 

Cox moves on to a favourite 
hobby-horse: the conductor’s 
contribution to a production. 
He admires Gyorgy Fischer 
for involving himself in 
Figaro rehearsals from the 
outset, but feels this is becom- 
ingly increasingly rare. “1 have 
had a string of . productions 
recently where, for whatever 
reason, the conductor has 
been distinguished by his ab- 
sence from many stage re- 
hearsals. That can't be good; 
you have got to collaborate. 
And occasionally one does get 
bitter. After all. we directors 
cannot usually just buzz off 
and do £1000 worth of work 
in three hours, and buzz back 

Moreover, Cox believes this 
may account in part for the 
rise of what has become 
known as “producer’s opera". 
“Sometimes you hear the 
comment *1 don’t know why 

Conductor X allowed it'. Well, 
the fact is that Conductor X 
simply was not around to do 
anything about it.'’ 

Cox himself has generally 
avoided “producer's opera". 
He is concerned, however, 
that the increasing need for 
opera companies to seek pri- 
vate sponsorship to mount 
new productions will discour- 
age innovative stagings. “For 
example, we have just had a 
sponsorship offer at Scottish 
Opera, a substantial five-fig- 
ure sum which we could cer- 
tainly use. But it came with 
the proviso that ‘in view of 
recent production trends' the 
offer would be contingent on 
the sponsor being involved 
from the earliest stages in the 
artistic progress of the projecL 
I cannot even say that is 
wrong. But I cannot help 
remembering a phrase that 
was used to me in Houston ten 
years ago, when I was doing 
Rosen kavaiier. Before we 
went into rehearsal I was told 
■you must get concept clear- 
ance'. Now, if 'concept 
clearance’ is going to be the 
name of the game, we must all 
.assess our positions care- 

After tranquil Glynde- 
bourne. Cox joined Scottish 
Opera at a traumatic time. 
Nevertheless he does not re- 
gret the move. “At Glynde- 
bourne I directed very much 
with the audience in mind. If I 
hadn't I probably would not 
have had a career. I don’t 
condemn the Glyndebourne 
audience out of hand, as many 
do. But opera is really an 
urban art form, and I find ft 
more meaningful to work in a 
big city with a broad spectrum 
of people as your target. Then 
there is the educational aspect 
of Scottish Opera, the pioneer- 
ing work sending out those 
piano-accompanied Toscas, 
peeled to the bare essentials, 
to small fishing communities 
bn the east coast where the 
passion of it comes over 
amazingly directly. That gives 
me enormous satisfaction.” 



Stratford East 

London theatre-goers have 
seen little of Wales in recent 
years, but to judge from this 
piece by Robert Pugh nothing 
much has changed since the 
time of the Thomases, Dylan 
and Gwyn. 

Glamorgan in the Eighties 
still comes over as a stifling 
community of twitching net- 
curtains and poisonous gossip, 
where people get married to 
punish each other for life and 
the only satisfactions are those 
of domestic martyrdom and 

Mr Pugh examines several 
stunted lives in the course of a 
long evening, but bis main 
story is that of Mary, who 
discovers that her husband 
Dick has been sneaking off 
every Monday for an eve- 
ning’s dancing. At this appall- 
ing act of disloyalty she arms 
herself with a hammer and 
hides in the back of his van, 
emerging like an avenging fury 
on the Top Rank floor, casting 
a spanner into his tango. 

Long before we get to this 
climax, any hope of comedy 
has long since evaporated. In 
tone, the piecr amounts to a 
fatal combination of Strind- 
berg and small-town gossip. 

It opens with the sight of 
Dick and his mates at work, 
sanding down service lockers 
at an RAF base and swapping 
small talk about people we 
have not met, and rough male 
horseplay that discourages 
further acquaintance with the 
company on view. 

When the action begins 
closing in, it is to follow the 
separate miseries of the or- 
phaned Bob. who gives up 
university for an ostracized 
unmarried mother, Ellis, 
whose wife goes down with 
cancer, and Mary’s old mother 
who sits at home complaining 
that nobody comes near her 
while hurling abuse at anyone 
who sets foot over her 

Mr Pugh is an actor and a 
performed author, and the 
only explanation that I can 
find for this less than profes- 
sional piece of work is that it 
arises from some violently 
painful experience. Some of 
the scenes are genuinely pain- 
ful. particularly when Mary 
and Dick try to patch up their 
marriage, only to enter a 
narrowing spiral ofever-more- 
bitter rows. 

But one is soon rendered 
punch-drunk by these. You 
know too well what is coming 
and the characters simply 
lurch from exhausted endear- 
ments to renewed aggression 
with no intervening stages 
between the two is 
so obvious that the only hope 
these people have is to beat it 
out of Glamoigan on the next 
train, that there is small 
interest in waiting to see how 
they will next draw blood. 

The dance-floor scenes {ex- 
tremely well accompanied by 
Colin Snell and Andrew Bush) 
are much the most stage- 
worthy of Jonathan Martin's 
indecisive production. Philip 
Madoc and June Watson work 
hard and to small effect as the 
wretched partners. 

Irving Wardle 





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Festival Hall 

was inclined to be one- paced 
(the celebrated Scene d amour 
sounded . particularly prosaic, 
at least initially). he am ply 
demonstrated many the 
score's riches. 

The gradual superim posi- 
tion of the party music on to 
Romeo's forlorn unison-vio- 
lin melody in the second 
movement was carefully 
weigh led. and the riddles man- 
aged the tricky dance tune 
neatly. One can imagine more 
prestissimo interpretations of 
the “Queen Mab" scherzo, but 
the steady tempo allowed 
Baudo time to nurture a 
ravishing, diaphanous texture, 
marked by some especially 

Despite everything, Berlioz's 
Romeo *! Juliette works as -3 
symphony. “Everything” in- 
cludes the composer's confus- 
ing amalgamation of two 
different endings (Garrick's 
and, rather unfashionably for 
Berlioz's day. Shakespeare's) 
and his hybrid seven-move- 
mem construction: a medita- 
tion — pan narrative, mostly 
instrumental — on the play's 
essentia] themes. 

To these Berlioz, added -a 
characteristic personal slant 
by falling hopelessly in love SfiSteiroWlayinfc 
with an actress he saw playing ■ 


The symphony has weak- 
nesses. the quasi-ecclesiasti- 
cal chanting of the story by the 
chorus at the outset is in 
theory a good idea that simply 
does not excite the ear suffi- 
ciently. despite the BBC 
Singers' sophisticated shading 
of phrases here. The sixth 
movement follows loo closely 
every machination of Gar- 
rick’s “improved" death scene 
for it to work independently, 
and the finale seems to. con 

The BBC Singers -saved 
their wannest : tone for: the 
ihrenodic fugue of the fifth 
movement. Earlier the male 
chorus had turned their backs 
on the audience: it looked like 
some bizarre, occult homage 
to the Festival Hall organ, but 
it created the right "oflsiage” 
effect of party revellers. . 

The soloists have few- notes, 
but they are vital .Sarah 
Walken hymning the" 'orange- 
blossoms and Shakespeare, 
struck a rich vein of ardent 

vert the warring families to the legato: Kim Begley negotiated 
path of righteousness a little the tongue-twisting descrip- 

too easily before summoning 
the bombastic triplets of its 
“big tune”. 

But the workings of genius 
outweigh ail that and. al- 
though Serge Baudo's reading 
> ■ 

Jules Bastin brought authentic 
Gallic fervour to Friar Lau- 
rence's plea for reconciliation. 

Richard Morrison 




Following Its triumphant Royal Cowl season, 
uni ip the West End tor 





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sses are 

5 been a 


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•Steinway pianos can also be seen in Belfast, Bolton Cnewer ■ 

CtotP.. Hufldasfield. Liv^. 








‘Terror gang’ 

killed Briton, 
Israelis say 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 
Israeli security police said involved a West German tour- 
ist wounded as she walked 
into a convent in the Via 
Dolorosa, and an American 
Jew who was grazed by a 
bullet fired at him after he had 

here that they had arrested "a 
terror gang” yesterday who 
had confessed to the murder 
of an English tourist in East 
Jerusalem last Sunday and to 
three other shooting incidents 
in the city since die beginning 
of March. ' -• 

On orders of the examining 
magistrate the names of those 
arrested were not released and 
police refused to say how 
many were involved. They 
claimed, however, that the 
gang were members of the Abu 
Moussa extremist faction of 
Fatah, the military wing of the 
Palestine Liberation Organi- 
zation (PLO). 

Apart from shooting Mr 
Brian Appleby outside the 
Carden Tomb, the gang is said 
to have killed a Jewish busi- 
nesswoman. Mrs Zehava Ben- 
Ovadia. in her office only 1 SO 
yards from the scene of last 
weekend's murder. Both vic- 
tims were killed by the same 
.22 pistol fired from dose 
range into the side of the head. 

The other two shootings 

prayed at the Western Wall. 

The shootings are thought 
to be at least partly responsi- 
ble for a reported 40 per cent 
drop in American tourism to 
Jerusalem sirtee the start of 
this year and it is feared that 
the killing of Mr Appleby will 
lead to many cancellations by 
British visitors. 

Mr Teddy Kollek, the May- 
or of Jerusalem, has decided 
10 write personally to his 
many celebrity acquaintances 
around the world to ask them 
to visit Jerusalem to show 
there is no danger in travelling 
to Israel and no reason to 

East Jerusalem, he says, is 
safer than Central Park- in 
New York. “If people stop 
travelling they are handing 
Gadaffi and other terrorists 
their victory on a silver 
platter." he said. 

Russians end blackout 
on nuclear leak news 

Continued from page I 

of the areas of the fourth 
power-generating unit and re-r 
suited in the destruction of 
part of the structural elements 
of the building housing the 
reactor, its damage and a 
certain leak .of radioactive 
substances. The three other 
power generating units have 
been shut down, they are in 
order and in the operational 

The Council of Ministers, 
one of whose deputy chair- 
men. Mr Boris Shcherbin, is in 
charge of the hastily-estab- 
lished investigatory commis- 
sion. staled that “priority 
measures" were now being 
taken to deal with the effects 
of the accident. 

The television news bulletin 
contained no film to show 
Soviet viewers what these may 
have been. 

In an attempt to allay 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen visits HMSO in its 
bicentenary year. Si Crispins’ 
House, Duke Si. Norwich. 

Duke of Edinburgh at- 
tends a Royal Society of Arts 
Committee for the Environ- 
ment Conference. Royal Society 
of Arts. John Adam St. WC2, 
10.05: and later attends a lunch 
in aid of the Duchenne Appeal. 
The Martini Terrace, New Zea- 
land House. SWI. 1245. 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother visits the centenary 
exhibition of the General Elec- 
tric Company. Wembley Ex- 
hibition Centre, 12; and later 
visits St. Peicr's Primary 
School. Garnet Su El. 4.15: and 
the Royal Foundation of St. 

mounting international con- 
cern at the delay in disclosing 
details of the grave nuclear 
incident. - the statement 
conduded:"Thc slate of the 
radJaiion situation at the 
Chernobyl power station and 
the adjacent territory is being 
monitored continuously." 

Senior Western diplomats 
in contact with their nationals 
in the Ukranian capital of 
Kiev reported last night that 
the Soviet authorities had 
thrown up an I S-mile security 
zone around the stricken nu- 
clear plant and evacuated 
large numbers of citizens 

One diplomat in contact 
with ihe city told The TimesT 
We know that an evacuation 
has been under way from the 
immediate vicinity of the 
planubut we do not know how 
many people have been in- 
volved in h or where they 
have been taken." 

Katharine. Butcher Row, EI4, 5. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales visit the province of 
British Columbia. Canada, de- 
part Heathrow. 12 
Princess Anne visits Crest- 
wood School. Eastleigh. Hamp- 
shire. 11.15: and opens the 
Housing and Hostel Scheme for 
disabled people, Eastleigh, 
l 1.30; afterwards she attends a 
lunch at the Fire Brigade bead- 
' igh. I: and then 
Centre for the 

In gushing praise of fountains 

A passer-by resting under the two bronze figure-fountain in 
Hyde Park. It needs some maintenance, the society says. 

A society was formed y ester- “Who knows, the fountain 
day to demand more fountains may unseat the plastic gnome 
(Hugh Clayton writes). It also domestically, but that is not 
uants neglected fountains to really our job" she said. 

be scrubbed and made to work 

“I have been batty about 
fountains for more years than 1 
can remember", Mrs Thelma 
Seear. founder of The Foun- 
tain Society, said. But the 
society is not the eccentric 
brainchild of a single enthusi- 
ast. It is affiliated to the Civic 
Trust and its patron is the 
Prince of Wales. Committee 
members include Mr Qltyd 

The Fountain Society wants 
to compile a register of foun- 
tains and find places that 
would benefit from new ones. 

Parliament Square in Lou- 
don was such a place and it 
ought to be built to celebrate 
the Queen’s 60th birthday last 
week. Mrs Seear said. 

She called for higher jets of 
water from the famous foun- 
tains in Trafalgar Square, and 

Harrington, former Labour ™ngajned Uf.Jf.5ff5 
chairman of the Greater Lou- ** Marble Arch was ^often at 
don Council, and Dr Keith half cock and should play 
Dexter, a Crown Estates h, 8 her * 
commissioner. A fountain with elegant 

Mrs Seear emphasized that statuary that produced only a 
the society was interested only feeble dribble of water was no 
in the type of fountain that use. “Yon can have a fantastic 
could grace a large public area fountain, and it can be grotty 
such as a park or shopping in no time if the dreaded algae 
parade. takes over” **— c :j 

Mrs Seear said. Little Cloister in Westminster Abbey: the society’s logo. 

Last journey of 
Duchess ends in 
simple fnneral 

Contiaued'from page 1 
screen, out of sight of the 
common mourners, in the 
stalls where once hmg the 
Duke of Windsor’s Garter 

Parliament too paid its re- 
spects. The Prime Minister 
and Mr Dennis Thatcher were 
joined by other party tenders 
including Mr Neil K iapock. 
Dr David Owen and Mr 
James Motyneanx. 

The stained glass west win- 
_jw of St George’s glowed 
afire in the son as file choir 
sang "We brought nothing 
into this world, and it is certain 
we can cany nothing out," 
followed by Psalm 90 with its 
Ones “The days of oar age are 
three score years and ten; and 
thoqgh men be so strong that 
they come to four score years, 
yet is there strength then but 
labour and sorrow". So was it 
with the Duchess, who came to 
four score and nine. 

Dignified yet 
impersonal service 

The Right Rev Michael 
Mann read the lesson from 2 
Corinthians: "So long as we 
are at home in body, we are . 
exiles from the Lord.” There 
was a single hymn, sung with 
the wavering uncertainty of a 
congregation unschooled in 
the tune: "Lead ns, heavenly 
father, lead as." The final 
blessing of the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, Dr Robert 
Runtie, delivered without ben- 
efit of public address, was lost 
on most of the congregation, 
whose appreciation of the 
service was punctuated by the 
occasional ramble of aircraft 

It was a ample, dignified 
service, yet impersonal, with 
no mention at any stage of die 
name of the deceased, nor any 
reference to her life. There was 
no address; she wanted it that 

But for a woman born in 
America who lived over half 
her life in France, her depar- 
ture from the church had a 
quintessential English ness, as 
the organ played Elgar’s Nim- 
rod , and the procession bore 
her coffin down the aisle to the 
slowest of martial steps, the 
feet of the honour guard 

beating a fimerial tatoo on the 
paving stones. • 

The coffin was followed by 
the Qneen and other members 
of the Royal family, their feces 
stern and unmoving except tor 
the Prince of Wales who wore 
an expression of particular 
sorrow; he had known the 
Duchess, if briefly, and had 
made an attempt to bridge two 
gene rations. 

Twelve pay their i 
last respects / 

The coffin was krad&f into 
its hearse by / the Welsh 
Guards at the fow of the west 
door steps, white the Royal 
family watched silently. A 
procession of five Mack limou- 
sines crawled from the 
chapel's Horseshoe Cloister 
on the last journey of all, 
through Windsor Home 
Park's private roads, away 
from all public gaze, to the 
waiting plot at nearby 

The Duchess's final com- 
panions were the Queen, the 
Duke of Edinburgh, the Prince 
and Princess of Wai 


quarters. Eastleigh. I: and then 
opens a Day 
Cosham, Hampshire. 240: later 
she attends a gala performance 
of La Cage aux Folia The 
Palladium Theatre. Argyll St, 
Wl. 720. 

Princess Margaret attends a 
reception to mark the restora- 
tion of Leighton House Mu- 
seum. SW7. 12 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,033 


1 Beat the seeds (5L 

4 American general ! inter- 
rupted and confounded (9). 

9 Humpty-Dumpty was so 
crazy ...(23.4). 

10 . . -like Mowgli's friend 
Mang? 15). 

11 German pursued by Tom 

12 Alert TV cameramen locus 
thus at St Andrews {Z3A). 

15 Broads here and not people 

15 Edward accepts one bribe - 
returns the money paid (7). 

18 This dog will break out 
some day (7). 

20 Missionary after being 
swamped by drink (7). 

21 Poor light - a few use it to 
ask for a stoppage (5.4). 

23 Fool returns to one girl 15). 

25 Avoid this city in Kansas 

26 Plastic label damaged m 
man's hold (9). 

27 Not yet time for Lady Sayer 
to change <5.4). 

28 Taking things the wrong 

way (5). 


1 American sailor’s dance 

(4,5). - - - 

2 By and by. making mischief 
between the two sides (5). 

3 All heard why bird outside 
cowshed was put up (9). 

4 Love one name of this lit- 
erary bird (7). 

5 Gave an account of the fem- 

6 Weapon was an breech- 
loader. to some extent (5). 

7 Train isn’t moving between 
stations (27), 

8 Listen to an organ in the 
valley (5). 

14 Dreamer in disturbed rest 


16 Exercising foresight, supply- 
good books (9). 

17 The way of handling meal 
cooked in running water (9). 

19 Raise your hat to Mis 
Woodbouse in an awkward 
situation (7). 

20 One who backs American 
bell (7). 

21 Secure Western border ! 5). 

22 Three points to my oppo- 
nent (5). 

24 I am depressed without 
money to give inspiration 

Solution U) Puzzle No 17,032 

Concise crossword page 10 

The Duke of Kent, as Chan- 
cellor. opens Chancellor Court 
and visits the Research Park, 
University of Surrey, Guildford, 


* Princess Alexandra opens 
Percy Billon Court, the 
Skinners’ Company's new 
homes for the elderly, Skinners 
Latte, Heston. Middlesex; 2.45. 

Prince Michael of Kent de- 
parts for Milan, Heathrow, 

New exhibitions 
Work by the Eastbourne 
Photographic Society: Towner 
Art Gallery. Eastbourne; Mon to 
Sat 10 to S.Sun 2 to 5(ends May 

Paintings, drawings by Peter 
Samuelson and I9ih century 
tribal Turkish Yunik carpets: 
Niccol Centre, Brewery Court. 
Cirencester, Mon to Fri 10 to 

4.30. Sat 10 to 1230 (ends May 

22 ). 


Concert by Grymvode: music 
from the Tudor period to the 
early baroque; The Merlin The- 
atre. 2 Meadow Bank Rd, 
Sheffield. S. 

Organ recital by Peter Wright: 
All Saints. Ryde, Isle of Wight, 
8 . 

Concert by the Amaii En- 
semble: Sir Jack Lyons Concert 
Hall, York University. 8. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Sinfonietta; Wessex Hall, Poole. 


Recital by the Voces Intimae 
Quartet; The Bel voir Room. 
Charles Wilson Building, 
Leicester University. 1.10. 

Concert by the Northern 
Sinfoniaof England: Newcastle 
City Hall. 7.45. 

Talks, lectures, films 
The way ahead for the world's 
maritime industries, by J G 
Davis: LSE. Houghton Si. WC2 
The Domesday Book, by Prof 
H Loyn: Room MB1. Bucking- 
ham University. 7.30. 

The Shctiands and its wildlife, 
by Bobby Tulloch: The Corn 
Exchange. Melrose. 2 
The Gubbio Project: Recent 
researches into the Bronze Age 
of central Italy, by Kris 
Lockyean Si Aidan's College. 
Windmill Hill. Durham City. 


Greenmount Garden Fair 
Greenmouth College. Antrim. 
Northern Ireland. 10 to 8. 

Royal Horticultural Society 
Flower Show: Rhododendron 
show, daffodil show, orna- 
mental tree and shrub com- 
petition. British Iris Society 
competition and Royal Na- 
tional Rose Society com- 
petition; New Hall. Greycoat St, 
SWI and Old Hall, Vincent Sq, 
SWI; 10 to 5. 

Books — hardback 

The Literary Editor's selection of interesting books published this weak 
A World Apart, by Gustav Hailing, translated by Joseph Marek 
(Heinemann, £9,95) 

Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, The Story of the First 200 Years. 1786- 
1986. by Hugh Baity-King (Stationery Office. £5) 

Letters, Sommer 1926, Pasternak, Tsvetayeva, Rflke, translated by 
Margaret Wettfin end Walter Arndt (Cape, £15) 

Longman Dictionary of Art by Judy Martin (Longman, £9.95) 

Red Jenny, A Life with Kart Mane, by N.F. Patera (Alton ft Unwftt, £1295) 
Subsequent Perf ormanc es, by Jonathan Mffler (Faber, £15) 

The Architectural History of lung’s Coftege Chapel, by Francis Woodman 
(Routfedge ft Kagan Paul £50) 

The Minister mid the Massacres, by Nikolai Tolstoy (Hutchinson, £1235) 
The Oxford History of the Classical World, by John Boardman, Jasper 
Griffin, and Oswyn Murray (Oxford, £25) 

With a Poet’s Eye, A Tate Gallery anthology, edited by Pat Adams (Tata 
Gallery, £9.95, paperback £5415) 


The pound 


Austria Sen 

Belgium Fr 
Canada S 
Denmark Kr 
Finland MUr 
France Fr 
Germany Dm 
Greece Dr 
Hong Kong S 
Ireland Pt 
Italy Urn 
Japan Yen 
Netherlands GW 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
South Africa Rd 
Spain Pa 
Sweden Kr 
Switzerland Fr 

Yugoslavia Dnr 





9M 2 

I. 155 



II. 13 























SI 0-00 


Ratos tar small d an on w iail on tank notes 
only as suppteo by Battfays Bank PLG. 
Different rales apply to travellers' 
cheques and attar foreign currency 

Rolan Price tndne 381.8 

London: Ttie fr Index closed up 2S.9 at 


Parliament today 

Commons (230k Public Or- 
der BilL remaining stages. 

Lords (2.30k Debate on social 
effects of Government policies. 


London and South-east A2Q2; Road- 
works on the VauxhaH Budge Road. 
Ptmkco. at the junction with A3212 
(Mfltank) causing deters and taibacka 
over VauxhaH Stage. MQ6: Roadworks 
on North Ocular Rd. at junction with 
tveagh Aw; delays between Hanger Lane 
gyratory system and Stone Bridge; 

congestion. H2£ Roadworks on 
anticlockwise carriageway- 
drivers (earing motorway i 
_ ’and South 

pgnteGortar and South Mnntns). 
(unction ■ 

Son 15 


Mdtends: tot: Contraflow between 
16 (A45 Northampton) and junc- 
15 (A508L MS: Roadworks with 
contratlow between Junction 4 
7V8) and junction 5 (A38 
i; two lanes open S with one lane 
N. A40G: Delays at Share HW. Salts. Just 
oft junction If (Wolverhampton) of the 

Wales end West M27: Traffic haatkng 
E from MZ7 past Rowntams services 
area and orao Ita A33 normoound wS find 
both lanes dosed end traffic wtfl have to 
use hared shoulder extreme cere re- 
quired. A40s Resurafdng work with tem- 
porary traffic bepts on Rosa Rd. 
irkfwood, Glos-Ata: Contraflow on both 
carriageways of the Borfiewyn 
HawanJen/Abtargele. Ctwyo; 

Tlie North: M63: Major widening 
scheme between junction 1 and 3 (Barton 
Bndgek various s*P reads end lane 
closures; atamattw routes signoasted. 
Mth Roadworks between juenbon 31 and 
33 with oomreHowaffaCTfig both carriage- 
ways A5& Contraflow sra3wjound an me 
Manchester Rd. APrindam, . „ ^ 

Scotland: A702: EdMmgh: Sub- 
sidence at Cariops vWage means delays 
ernes. HanHon: One way Hstora 
to one tarn because or road 
and drainage work m 


Births: Saint Jean- Baptiste de 
La Salle, founder of the Broth- 
ers of Christian Schools, Reims, 
1651: Mary IL reigned 1689-94, 
London, 1662 David Thomp- 
son. explorer. London, 1770; 
Franz Lehar, Komarom. Hun- 
gary. I8?ft 

. Deaths: James Montgomery, 
poet and hymn writer. Sheffield, 
1854: Edouard Mamet Paris, 
1883: Carl August Rosa, 
founder of the opera company 
of that name. Paris. 1889: A E 
Housmao. scholar and poet 
Cambridge. 1936: Adolf Hitler, 
Berlin. 1945: Sir Almroth 
Wright bacteriologist Fa m ham 
Common. Buckinghamshire, 

finw Portfolio Gout rubs are as 

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T siphons ntiT > ViM C PoHMIa Ma 
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dividend dam 



A ridge of high pressure 
will keep S areas dry and 
mainly sonny. A SW 
airflow will spread cloud 
and some rain to N and 
some W parts. 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE, central S, SW En- 
gland, East AngHa, M M a n tte. 
Channel islands: Dry with sunny 
intervals; wind SW moderate; max 
temp 16C (61 F). 

E, central N, NE England, Bor- 
ders: Cloudy at times, some sun- 
shine, mainly dry: wind SW 
moderate: max temp ISC I 

Wales, MW England: Gkmdy at 
times, occasions drizzle near 
coasts and over hitts; hi fog 
patches: wind SW moderate; max 
15C (59R. 

Laite District, Isle of Man, North- 
ern Ireland: Occasional ram or 
drizzle at first bright intervals 
develop fog; Mil fog patches; wind 


first, sunny intervals 
wind SW moderate; max temp It 

t8 s3f, NW Scotland, Argy* Mainly 
cloudy, occasional rain or drizzle, 
ha and coastal fog patches; wind 
SW strong; max temp 14C (57F). 

Glasgow, Central Highlands: 
Mainly cloudy, occasion af ram or 
drizzle, MH fog; wind SW fresh; max 
terras 15C (59F)- 

Moray Firth, NE Scotland: 
Becoming mainly cloudy with out- 
breaks oT rain; wind S moderate or 
fresh; max temp 14C (57F 

High Tides 


London Bridge a 50 
AtaHtoen 6.22 



67 712 
3.6 727 


F eS n ou Bi 




Orkney. Sht 
lamty cloudy wt 

iter; wind S stri 

b-Blue sky: be -blue sky and ctowi: c- 
floudy: o-overcasc f-fOB- d -drizzle: b- 
hafl: mis! -oust, r-raln: s-snow; Bv 
Uiunrierslorm: ivshowere. 

Arrows show wind direction, wind 
speed unpti) Circled. Temperature 





Glasgow 5.10 

Harwich 4.4S 

HoMwad ait 

Hatf 11.17 



MHoxf Haven 11.26 
Newquay 10.22 

Oban 10.40 

Pa man ca 

Portend 11.53 

Ports w o u di 4.15 

Sborah W h 354 

Southampton 347 

Swansea 11.27 

Tees 8.48 

WlfcHKJn-tfae 4.39 
Tide meastmd in 

35 4.48 

4.5 11.22 

5.8 425 
4-3 1032 

4.8 557 
3.7 5 07 
50 4.01 

7.6 1155 

4.6 B.30 
B.4 442 
2-3 2-30 
45 5.16 

5.7 1158 

5.8 1055 
29 1158 

45 1045 

43 5.07 
56 4.38 
4.1 458 

4.6 9.40 

46 459 

metres: 1m=33808ft. 

with outbreaks of rain 
strong: max temp 11C 

mainly ( 
later; wind '• 


Outlook for tomorrow and I 
Mainly dry and sunny in the 
Cloudy with some rain or (Sizzle hi 
the N, especially near W coasts 
where there wilt be fog at times. 
Some sunshine in sheltered E 
areas. Rather warm in many places. 

Around Britain 

Statuses: Sun Seta 

535 am 022pm 

Moon nsec Moon sets: 
259 am 10.16 am 
Last Quarter tomorrow 

Lighting-up time 

London 859 pm to S.03 am 
Bristol 9.01 pm to S.13 am 
Bfiadnuuh !M9 pm to 5.00 am 
Mo n d w oM r S.flfl pm to 55S am 
Pen za nce 9.09 pm to 529 am 


Temperatures at midday ^atwday: e. 
cJcucJ; I. far r. rare 3, sun. 

C F C F 

c 1!3&Q Guernsey slOSO 
s 1254 fewenwsa f 1050 
s 1050 Jersey s 1050 
s 1152 London ■ f 1365 
s 1152 fiFnctawr t 946 
11152 Newcastle 11152 
f 1050 mikfswar s 948 

Sun Rain 
Ivs in 


25 - 


75 - 


11.1 - 
Mraow e x 
souml COAST _ 

65 - 

4.0 - 

54 - 

44 - 

65 - 

55 - 

B.3 - 

84 - 

65 - 

6.4 - 

5.7 - 

55 - 

74 - 

5.0 - 

1.0 -02 
0.6 . - 
1-0 - 
25 .05 
2.0 .09 


Ctownsw 75 

west coast 

ScflfrWes 14 .07 

Newquay 0.7 44 

C F 

x x bright 
13 55 tidudy 
17 63 sunny 

12 54 sonny 
16 59 sunny 

Sun Rain 
hre in 
14 48 
Tenby 25 .15 
CotwynBay 5.1 .11 

“ 1.7 40 

6-1 A0 


25 “ i 

• wniiuw 

11 52 
11 52 
11 52 

10 50 

11 52 
11 52 

11 52 

12 54 

13 55 

11 S 

12 54 

14 57 

11 52 
11 52 
11 52 
11 52 

11 S2 
11 52 
11 52 
14 57 

13 55 





















London 100 
ErtwraAkpi 24 
Bristol (CM) 3-0 . 

Cardiff (CM) 25 J35 
A n ^ss ay 4.4 .It 
ETpool Altpt 0B .17 
Manchester. 2.4 46 
Not tin g ha m Z5 
fTcd-n-tyoe 2 JO .16 
Csrtste 34 .12 


25 A1 

4.6 .24 
32 .19 

7.7 21 
78 .18 
2 JO .04 
15 .15 
l .fl .04 
0.4 .08 

1.0 <41 

1.1 .03 

C F 
11 62 
11 52 
13 55 
9 48 

10 50 

16 61 
IS 55 

11 52 
10 50 
10 50 
10 50 

10 50 

12 54 

11 52 
11 52 

11 52 rain 
11 52 showers 


Sl A n drews 


7.1 .14 12 54 hH 

8 46 
12 54 

12 54 
10 50 

10 50 

9 48 
9 48 

13 55 
« 50 
12 54 

11 52 

These are Monday's figtns 



I X.l 

'ales, her old 
friend and contemporary 
Grace, Countess of Dudley, 
her butler M Gaston Sanegre 
an d his wife, her physician Dr 
Jean Thin, and four other 
devoted members of her house- 
hold staff who in her last 
infirm years were her only 
contact with the world. 

Away from all other eyes the 
Dean of Windsor uttered the 
last simple words of Christian 
burial, and the Lord Chamber- 
lain, die Earl of Alrlie, scat- 
tered the English earth on the 

Later in the day. her plot 
beside her beloved David was 
a profusion of flowers: wreaths 
of white from other members 
of the Koyal family and from 
10 Downing Street; 

Frogmore wifi be opened to 
the pnblk on May 21. 

From a life that was public, 
complex, controversial and of- 
ten unkind, it was a private, 
simple and dignified departure 
to be reunited with the man 
she loved so much. It was, 
most of afi, the last page of an 
extraordinary love story. Wal- 
lis, Duchess of Windsor, want- 
ed it that way. 

>V* - 

t Sr 


V “ '■> 




1245 10.6 




3 J5 



































Telephoning China 

Telephone users will be able 
lodial direct to China in two or 
three months time. 

A ihree-minute call to Peking. 
Shanghai and 24 other centres 
will cost £145 including VAT, 
£L59 less than a call made 
through the operator. 

The International Direct 
Dialling Service will begin when 
new switching centres in China 
are completed. 

Int*d By LWKttm pnu I Print- 
ers 1 lumm of l virolnia Simtj 

London El 9XN. Wednesday. 

30. 19B6 R — - 

at (he Post 

30. .1986 R^imd la * Nwwwr 

MOOAYi c. cloud; d, dnzzkk f . lair; tg, tog; t, ram: 

C F C F 

c 15 53 Cotogaa r 16 61 Hatarca 
f 25 Tt C'ptafln f 9 46 ttoSga* 
f 22 72 Corfu * 18 64 Matte 
c 18 64 DubHn 1 10 60 NWVlM 
f 12 54 Dtemn* c 16 61 ItaMcaC 
s 22 72- Fare * 18 64 ” 

- Fkmnca c 16 61 



















f 30 86 Fratafilrt 
f 16 61 fractal 

- - - Gamm 

c 17 63 GtaataT 
f 19 66 H ataktM 
f 23 73 Hong K 
e 12 54 tmtfxck 
S 10 50 Mantafi 
(Jr 13 55 Jeddah 

0 12 64 Jtftwfl* 
s a 77 Karacm 
S 22 72 L 

1 38100 
r 18 64 Locann 

> 20 
C 17 63 
Or 10 50 i 
a 19 66 Nanbi 

c 26 79 ML ... . 
c ISSSKWbi** 

5 23 73 NkM 

6 32 90 Oslo 

f 20 66 Paito 

S 18 64 Mow 
a 16 61 Rmkpfic 
c if & Izwafe r i| 55 Rtatas 
c 13 SB LAnpato* a 26 79 
fl 14 57 ttoSCT s 16 01 

. _ Mod* j 

denote Monday s figurw W8 1 

a, smv an, Snow; L thunder: 

C F . 
c 15 53 Rome 
E 19 88 Sateburg 
8 IB 64 S Paulo* 

C 14 57 SFriaco^ 

» 31 wS?"" 


to 14 57 Stratb’m 

c 16 61 Sjrftwy” 

I 23 77 

f 2S#* 

* « 22 

8 75 Tokyo 

8 16 61 Wao- 

a 7 45 IMs 
C 12 54 V stands 
« « 77 VkW 

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• 21 70 Vienna 
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FT 30 Share 

1391.2 (+25.9) 

FT-SE 100 

1656.3 (+27.5) 

USM (Data stream) 

11 9.80 (+0.3) 


US Dollar 

1.5535 (+0.0015) 

W German mark 
3.3781 (+0.0196) 

76.6 (+0.2) 

Blue Circle 
in talks 

Blue Circle Industries, the 
cement company, is planning 
further expansion in America 

CBI calls for further 1 .5% 
cut in interest rates 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 
Business leaders yesterday the chairman of the CBfs companies say lhai political 
~ l£r - ,£ or ■ a ?°*l ,er economic situation commit- and economic conditions 
substantial cut in interest tee, said: “With inflation fall- abroad are among the factors 
rates — probably as much as ing fast, wc call on the likely to limit export contracts 
. “ ~ to bring Government to make further in the next four months, the 

industry s financial costs into cuts to get our real borrowing highest proportion for a year, 
line _ with overseas costs down to a comparable The survey was taken before 
cornpetnors. level with our major interna- the latest Libyan crisis. 

• k i j onfederauon of Brit- lionat rivals.** The survey, covering a total 

* *" Industry. releasing the The latest quarterly survey of I.58S companies, indicates 
results or us latest quarterly of manufacturing, the 1 00th that 21 per cent arc more 
trends survey, which shows conducted by the CBI. shows optimistic about the general 
nsing business optimism, also that business optimism is at business situation than they 
published figures indicating its highest level since a year were four months ago and that 
Britain s lack of international ago and Mr Wiggleswonh said about a quarter expect output 

nsing business optimism, also 
published figures indicating 
Bntain's lack of international 

after last year's acquisitions of into account inflation. 
Atlantic Cement and Williams was 5 96 «nL the CBI 
Bros. said, compared with 3.85 per 

The chairman. Mr John 06,11 in ^ United States, 4.49 
Milne, said, yesterday, that P^ cent in West Germany and 
talks were under way with a ~ 1 7 per cent in Japan. 

competitiveness in the rela- a summer recovery of about 
tive cost of money. .the same level as last year was 

After recent cuts. Britain's expected- 
real level of interest rates. But he warned that falline 

to nsc. 

The CBI said this was 
comparable with early au- 

number of parties. 

Pretax profits in the year to 
December 31 rose from £l 13 
million to £117 million on 
turnover of £947 million, up 
from- £870 million. United 
States pretax profits rose from 
£18.3 million to £22.8 million, 
making it the biggest contribu- 
tor to group profits last year. 
At home profits fell from 
£25.1 million to £20.5 million 
because of bad weather at the 
start of the year and the costs 
of modernizing two -cement 
plants. The final dividend has 
been increased from I4p to 
I5p. making the total for the 
year 2 Ip (20p). 

Mr David Wiggleswonh. 

But he warned that falling tumn last year but failed to 
oil prices had caused panicu- match the buoyancy of last 
lar uncertainty among busi- spring when 33 per cent of 
nessmen, and three months of companies expected rising 
colder-than-normal weather output, 
had hit high street retailers Mr Wiggleswonh said: “It 
and their industrial suppliers, would be wrong to overstate 
Significantly. 30 per cent of the recovery in oplimism. 

Cheap oil could force more 
pit closures, NCB hints 

By Jeremy Warner 
Business Correspondent 
A new round of pit closures 
and job losses in the coal 
industry was signalled yester- 
day by Mr Ian MacGregor, 
chairman of the National Coal 

Mr MacGregor jgave warn- 
ing that the slump in oil prices 

"'■’iS-v* 1 .'" •. 

|wd put pressure on the coal 

1 OOtS I ClirrPCC industry to further reduce 
* auttcaa production costs. 

Tootal's pretax profits for The warning came as the 
the year to Januarv 31 jumped NCB announced a transfor- 
20 per cent from £22.9 million Ration of its financial posi- 
to £27.4 million on turnover 1100 wilh news of ns best 
down 1 1 per cent. The divi- performance for seven years. 

dend was increased by 29 per 
cent from 3. 1 p to 4p. ’ 

Tempos, page 19 

Mr MacGregor said the 
industry lost £50 million iu 
the last financial year, com- 
pared with £875 million in 

Ian MacGregor NCB result 
£300m better than forecast 

Builder listing unaffected by the n 




Bui he said competitive because of the substantial fail 
conditions resulting from the in oil prices. 

Tempos, page 19 slu 7 , P. in the would 

make it more difficult to meet 

the Treasury's target of Central Electricity Generating 
breakeven in this financial Board on price reductions for 

T, me i reasuiy s target ot Lentrai tiecincny Generating 
i arOKIC rise breakeven in this financial Board on price reductions for 
rnvtflv nrnfiK fnr rhf* >' ear COfll in view of what has 

vear in Deccmhcr V rrSe U And he cou P ,ed his com- happened to international oil 

year XO Lwvmoer rose -J vuiih a rw* n]«a to ih* nnf^ and ihp ico.oc havp 

per cent from £109.6 million 
to £135.2 million. The divi- 
dend is up bv 17.7 per cent to 

f Tempos. page 19 

Above target 

Jacques Vert, a women's 
fashion designer and manu- 
■ facturer. reports pretax profits 
of £1.7 million for the year to 
January 19 — 67 per cent up 
on last year and just above the 
£1.65 million forecast made 
when it came to the USM four 
months ago. 

mems with a new plea to the prices and the issues have to 
National Union of Mine- be faced, not ignored." 

workers to accept the board's 
pay offer, due to expire today. 

industry’s biggest customer, 
were going well. He was 
: confident of reaching a com- 

' & \ promise solution on prices 

•c ’ 'VJjr which would recognize both 

what he called the “temporary 
advantage in the energy mar- 
r ket of a glut in oil" and the 

■ -fjL long-term contribution to sta- 

BkiT ble energy costs that coal 
- could provide. 

w He said the NCB was deter- 
^ mined to maintain its overall 

share of the British energy 

“What oil company can tell 
*” *”**- ^ you the price of oil next year.'* 

m MacGregor NCB result he asked. 

300m better than forecast “We are prepared to sign 

(ive-vear contracts to supplv 
In a special issue of Coal coal." 

Wi. the NCB said the offer Mr MacGregor, who is 
d been on the table tor four- nearing the end of his term as 
d-a-ha If months. chairman, said the past year 

“During this time, there has had been a new start for the 
en a serious deterioration in coal industry and though what 
• industry's competitive po- was happening to energy 
ion and financial prospects, prices made the task more 
cause of the substantia] fail difficult, he was determined to 
oil prices. built on the achievements. 

‘The NCB is now having to The industry would be re- 
e negotiations with the named British Coal, in line 
niral Electricity Generating with other enterprises such as 
ard on price reductions for British Gas . . 
tl in view of what has Announcing the prelimi- 
jpened to international oil nary results, the NCB dis- 
ces and the issues have to closed that a further four pit 
faced, not ignored." closures had been agreed and 
dr MacGregor said talks ihree more were in the appeals 
h the CEGB. the coal process against closure. 

on in At'M'5. the NCB said the offer 
to be had been on the table tor four- 

Westbury is coming to the T* 16 «suh was some "During this lime, there has 

stock market via an offer for million better than the been a serious deterioration in 

sale of 10.9 million shares at board forecast at the begin- the industry's competitive po- 
I45p each valuing the West n,n S °‘ the financial year. sition and financial prospects. 

“The NCB is now having to 
face negotiations with the 
Central Electricity Generating 

Mr MacGregor said talks 
with the CEGB. the coal 

Shares in Elders loses court case 
25-point over Lyons bid secrets 
index rise ™ ... * 1 *?°™* 

By Alison Eadie 

Elders IXL, the Australian cause of doubts over the 
brewing to agriculture group, financing of the bid. 

■rssftj fnisssL 11 * * &*».» u 

omv. Share prices in London 
notched one of their biggest 

Mr justice Mann ruled in 

iiuikuku «#•*». «i ‘■■otr— . []. . , - f ,l. Allied claimed in court that 

one-day rises on the back of a *** 5 . £ Elders planned to borrow 

stronger Wall Street. SJJJJJJ money to finance the take- 

Thc pound gamed 1 5 points over - which cou,d inv <> lv e 

to $1.5535. and the sterling disposals of large parts of 

index rose 0-2 to 76.6. The FT m ? M ™ od Allied's businesses to repay 

30-share index rose 25.9 >,e * from Allied. it was ^ borrowings. 
m i iQi i entitled to disclose the infer- ^ 

points to 1.391.2. enuueu 

The index of US leading mation 
indicators rose by 0.5 per cent Eldei 

Elders, which has until Fri- 

The information the com- 
mission wishes to show Allied 

on last year and just above the By David Smith brewing to agriculture group, financing of the bid. 

£1.65 million forecast made Economics Correspondent yesterday lost its court battle Sjf . Godfrey Lc Quesne, 

jSSifiSr ‘° lhe USM r °“ r on .he dollar con- C*r»1S fcte 

~ xtfss SSSr 

Surveyors poll “mpany. 

Membersof theRoval Insu- noI bhed one of their biggest , Allied claimed in court that 

luiion of Chartered Surveyors 0 ne-day rises on the back of a the High i Court that .if die Hders , anned t0 ^ 

will vote at an extraordianary stronger Wall StreeL money lo finance the take- 

mvvung in Julv on whether The pound gained 1 5 points jieved u could noi perfomi its over / which could jnvo]vc 

unlimited outside investment l0 $1.5535. and the sterling investigative function without ^5^,5 of large of 

should be perm tned in com- index rose 0-2 to 76.6. The FT the benefit of an informed Anied - S businesses to repay 

pomes of chartered sun eyors. 30-share index rose 25.9 view from A lied, it was ^ borrowings. 

points to I 391 ■* entitled lo disclose the infer- u 

T> __i r The index of US leading mation. The information the com- 

Bank S2lc indicators rose by 0.5 percent Elders, which has until Fri- miss,on w J* hes ■ 10 

Llovds Bank vesterday con- i aS t month, after a revised 0.9 day to appeal, was wailing to f 1 “z? 

firmed the sale, announced in per cent gain in February. see the written judgment «S3n?i mi «. «*£ 

February, of Lloyds Bank Mr Malcolm Baldrige, the which is available today, be- jj 6 ™ 01 ,Lff^r.2£i 
California 10 Golden Slate US Commerce Secretary'- sai± fore deciding what action to ^ and the potential price of 
Sanwa Bank. 4 price of about -Gains in the overall leading lake. The chairman of Allied. Dia 
$263 million t£ 170 million) in index have strengthened since Sir Derrick Holden-Brown. Since the reference Allied 
tash has been agreed. mid-1985, indicating faster expressed delight with the has made a £1.2 billion bid for 

economic growth." court decision. Hiram-Walker's drinks divi- 

cnilh The rise in the index lasl Elders had argued that re sion which would make it a 

Dfirneu snuu momh was mainly due to veaHllg such g information t ,ar 8 er .. company for 

Anglo United higher share pnees. would be highly prejudicial to Elders to swallow. 

Development’s plan to bid white House's opti- its chances of successfully Elders has also had an 

£42 million for Burnett and mjsm on g,. 0 ^ h receded acquiring Allied-Lyons. the Aus$ 1.2 billion l£570 million) 
Hallamshire received a set- e suppor , from figures for British brewing 3nd food injection of capital after Bro- 
baek when the Burnett board new home |asl monlh . group. Its £1.8 billion bid for ken Hill Proprietary took a 20 
refused las: night to provide w hich rose bv 27.4 per cent. Allied was referred to the per cent stake. 

financial assurances about the . ~ ' 1Q commission in December be- Law Report, page 21 

stale of the business. re P ort ’ 19 : : 

last monUi. aftCT a revised 0.9 da7to apS^wSg to ^SSJgLW a de ? 
per cent gain in February. see the written judgment ^rinefewfc cadi 

Mr Malcolm Baldrige, the which is available today, be- 
US Commerce Secretary. sai± fore deciding what action to [Jow and the potential pnee of 
“Gains in the overall leading lake. The chairman of Allied. Dia 

index have strengthened since Sir Denick Holden-Brown. Since the reference Allied 

mid-1985, indicating faster expressed delight with the has made a £1.2 billion bid for 
economic growth." court decision. Hiram-Walker's drinks dm- 

The rise in the index last 

Twenty-one per cent of 
companies report an increase 
in output over the last four 
months, but the same propor- 
tion reports a decrease. In the 
coming four months a positive 
balance of 14 per cent is 
expecting to improve output, 
the highest since 1982. 

However. 57 per cent of 
companies say they are work- 
ing below capacity and em- 
ployment in manulacturing is 
forecast 10 continue to decline 
bv 5.000 a month between 
January and July. 

Growth in manufacturing 
investment is expected to slow 
to a rate of 2.6 per cent for 
1986 compared with 1985. 

But industry's costs are 
coming down, with a balance 
of just 18 per cent of firms 
expecting rises in the comine 
four months, the lowest since 
summer 1964. 

ADR tax 
to 1.5% 

By Our Economics 

The Treasury yesterday re- 
sponded to criticism of its 
controversial 5 per cent con- 
version tax on American De- 
positary Receipts (ADRs) by 
reducing the rate to 1.5 per 

The reduction was an- 
nounced by Mr John 
MacGregor. Chief Secretary to 
the Treasury, during the sec- 
ond reading of the Finance 
Bill in the Commons. 

He said thaL in the light of 
representations received since 
the Budget. 11 had been decid- 
ed that a rate of 1 .5 per cent 
was sufficient to prevent 
avoidance of stamp duty by- 
British institutions. 

.ADRs are British and other 
non-US shares denominated 
in dollars and packaged in 
amounts familiar to US' inves- 
tors. About 16 per cent of lCI’s 
shares are held in this form. 

The Treasury has main- 
tained that the proposed 5 per 
cent conversion lax on ADRs. 
announced in the March 18 
Budget, was not to prevent US 
investors holding British 
shares in ADR form, but to 
stop British investors avoid- 
ing stamp duly by doing so. 

The Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer. Mr Nigel Lawson, 
said in a written Parliamenta- 
ry answer that he had re- 
examined the rate of tax 
needed to eliminate the incen- 
tive to avoid stamp duty by- 
British investors, and had 
decided that 1 .5 per cent was 
appropriate both to do this 
3nd to provide recompense for 
any lost stamp duty revenue 

The 1.5 per cent rate will 
apply to alt British shares in 
bearer form. 

Mr Lawson also announced 
seven-day exemption from 
stamp duty for broker-dealers, 
and the removal of stamp duty 
from most loan stocks 
The protest lobby against 
the ADR tax — it included JCJ 
- had proposed an alternative 

which would have penalized 

only British users of ADRs. 

Record profit 
for EM 

month was mainly due to I vea ]j n g 

higher share prices. 

The While House's opti- 

Elders had argued that re 
aling such information 

e bid. Italian state oil corpo- 

o- „ .... . ration. EN1. yesterdav an- 

f £r nounCL ' d a record net profit of 

H b HH n 1 P I iS 816 billion ,ire l£354 million! 
H ‘ for 1985 after four successive 

would be highly prejudicial to 
its chances of successfully 

mism on growth received acquiring Allied-Lyons. the 
some support from figures for British brewing and food 

new home sales last month, 
which rose by 27.4 per cent. 
Market report, page 19 

group. Its £1.8 billion bid for 
Allied wias referred to the 
commission in December be- 

fnr ycartiof losses. Group revenue 
f was L46.708 billion 

Elders to swallo . The chairman. Signor Fran- 

Elders has also had _ an co Revigjio. said that the 
Aus$ 1.2 billion (£570 million) group, which employs 129.268 
injection of capital after Bro- people in 293 companies, had 
ken Hill Proprietary took a 20 made a more dramatic im- 

per cent stake. provemem than the major 

Law Report, page 21 international oil companies. 



New York 

Dow Jofies 1824.15 (-19.59) 

Tokyo * 

Nikkei Dow — N/T 

hong Kong: 

Ham; 5en^ . . 1825.59 (-22-30) 
Amsterdam: Gen .. 267 0 (-0.5) 

Sydney: AO - 1209 1 (+2.2) 


General .. .. 
Pans: CAC 

Ska General 

2175 7 (+41.0) 

594.77 (-21.33) 
. ... 402.7 (same) 




Bank Base 

3-monin ir.teroank tO’.-lO-.'c 
3-msnn: eiig b-e C<lis.1D r- : 
bUiitg rate' 


Prime Rare 8-5(7" : 

Federal Funcs or. 3 .= 

3-miynih 7ie3Sjry &Hs 6.38-6 & 
30-jeer 5cnss Itl-" t-‘< 


k London: New York 

■1-513-35 £_ST.5535 

Z D8.t3.rst 

£ SwFr2.£2S* 

£. Yen2S0.37 
£ index 75 £ 

New York: 

L ST. 5535 
3. DV2 1745 
S: Itde*: 113.4 

ECU £2.53865-1 
£D3 £0.753198 

NatWest is top for lending 
controls, says survey 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

National Westminster Bank officer, who meets the custrnn- 
has the most effective lending er. and by a representative of 

controls of the big four clear- the Advances Department, 
ing banks followed, sorpris- which has an independent 
ingly, by Midland, according responsibility for risk assess- 
to a’ review of bank lending ment and performance ratios, 
published yesterday. The other three banks rely 

The survey says the quality simply on one assessment by a 
of banking controls is the best lending officer, 
indicator of the quality of a NatWest also scores bj 
bank's loan book, which has having more detailed exposure 



London Fixing: . 

AM S342.35 pm-S34245 
Cfos? 6345.50-346 00 (£222.00- 

Now York: 

Como* 534a.i55-346.3C 

become of increasing concern 
over the last few years as bad 
debts have escalated. 

Scrimgeour Vickers, the 
stockbroker, has carried nnt 
what it claims is the first 
comprehensive survey of the 
controls banks impose on their 
lending and the criteria they 
impose on lending decisions. 

The survey concludes that 
NafV\ est's method of double 
checking helps put it far ahead 
Ilf the Other three clearer? in 
maintaining the qnality of |,s 

The NatWest system means 
that ail but the smallest loans 
are assessed both by a lending 

guidelines and more detailed 
controls on off-balance sheet 
risk and country risk than 
most of its competitors. 

NatWest tends to take more 
risks, such as making 100 per 
cent loans on construction 
projects where other banks 
lend less, bat the differences 
between the banks' lending 
criteria are less significant 
than nn other lending controls, 
the review says. 

Midland comes off second 
besL largely because of im- 
provements after its disastrous 
investment in Crocker Nation- 
al. the US bank. 

Evidence of Midland's im- 

provement is that it now has a 
340-strong Internal Audit and 
Inspection Department which 
did nut exist before the Crock- 
er investment. It has also set 
ap a Risk Management Divi- 
sion in the last two years. 

But Seri ingeo Dr Vickers 
warn that it takes time for 
improved controls to percolate 
through to the general quality 
of loans and that Midland had 
suspect loans which could still 
cause significant problems. 

Barclays and Lloyds are 
criticized for having no inde- 
pendent finance director on 
their boards who is responsi- 
ble for prudential controls 
rather than lending. . 

Barclays's lending control 
mechanism tends to be domi- 
nated b> committees which 
produce “uninspiring" results. 

Lloyds b introducing a so- 
phisticated new "capital allo- 
cation system" but it has had 
little time yet to affect the 
lending portfolio. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Bank plays it safe with 
new debt market 

The Government has finally given 
the go-ahead to the long-awaited 
sterling commercial paper market, 
allowing companies to issue short- 
term debt securities of between seven 
days and one year under their own 
name. The move adds another 
weapon to the armoury of corporate 
financing arrangements and could 
lead to a multi-billion pound market 
if it takes off in this country as it has 
donein the US in recent years. 

John MacGregor. Chief Secretary 
to the Treasury, yesterday told Par- 
liament during the Finance Bill 
debale that the Banking Act restric- 
tions on companies issuing iheirown 
debt instruments ofless than one year 
would be swept away. The Bank of 
England followed up swiftly with a 
detailed list of rules laying out the 
framework of the new market — and 
the list makes interesting reading. It 
makes dear that the Bank is taking no 
risks and prefers a policy of gradually 
loosening the screws rather than an 
immediate free-for-ail. 

Companies allowed to issue 
commercial paper will only be those 
with a Stock Exchange listing and net 
assets of at least £50 million. Wholly- 
owned subsidiaries of such compa- 
nies can issue paper as long as it is 
guaranteed by the parent. Banks, 
building societies and licensed de- 
posit-lakers. on the other hand, may 
not issue commercial paper on the 
grounds that they already have access 
to certificates of deposit Their role 
will be limited to managing and 
guaranteeing commercial paper pro- 

To ensure that the new market 
remains purely professional, the 
minimum issue size is set at £500.000 
— enough to discourage even the 
most adventurous private investors. 
This will help to get round the 
problem of prospectuses. The 
Companies Act requires all compa- 
nies to publish a prospectus with 
every' issue of debt securities. This is 
an impossibly cumbersome require- 
ment for a short-term market like 
commercial paper and will be modi- 
fied in the forthcoming Financial 
Serv ices Act later this year. But in the 

meantime, the Companies Act does 
allow the issue of securities without . 
prospectuses as long as they are sold 
only to professional investors. 

The rule which will cause the most 
disappointment, though, is certain lo 
be that limiting the management of 
commercial paper programmes only 
to banks and licensed deposit-takers 
incorporated in the UK.. The Bank 
insists that this is a purely temporary 
measure against the time (unlikely to 
be in the near future) when banking 
supervision rules are the same 
throughout the world. 

In the meantime, it can only ensure 
a level playing field by limiting the 
game to those under its own super- 
vision. although it has left open the 
possibility of making exceptions of 
individual institutions. Llnfortu- 
naiely. by excluding many, such as 
the US securities houses with their 
wide experience of the US market, 
the Bank may be holding back the 
early development of the commercial 
paper market in this country. 

The Government's move received 
a predictably warm welcome in the 
City. Most of the clearing and 
merchant banks have been building 
up commercial paper teams over the 
past few months, and there is clearly a 
demand for the new market from 
commercial borrowers. Commercial 
paper, after all, is fast, flexible and 
fairly cheap in comparison to other 
short-term funding options. 

But there is unlikely to be a sudden 
bonanza. Banks will advise their 
clients to move cautiously at least 
until the wrinkles of the Bank of 
England rulebook have been ironed 
out and until the market has devel- 
oped an efficient pricing mechanism. 

And no! everyone will need the 
new market. The large trading 
corporations — the ICIs of this world 
— will probably find that bankers 
acceptances are still a cheaper form of 
short-term borrowing. While many 
borrowers may hurry lo announce 
commercial paper programmes (giv- 
ing them an issuing facility), the 
amount of paper actually issued early 
on is likely to be small. 

No words over the figures 

The Industrial Trends Survey, now 
published quarterly by the Confed- 
eration of British Industry, has 
acquired all the respectability suit- 
able to a barometer which has just 
given its hundredth reading. The 
survey, based on questionnaires filled 
in by nearly 1 ,600 firms, has found its 
way into the corridors of official 
statistics. Its findings are incor- 
porated into the Central Statistical 
Office's indices of longer-leading, 
shorter-leading and coincident in- 
dicators of the state of the British 
economy, as well as in the composite 
survey of business sentiment in 
Europe compiled by the European 

More controversially, the CBFs 
monthly trends inquiry is now used 
by government statisticians to boost 
the monthly statistics of manufac- 
turing output, whose initial down- 
ward bias has been a source of 
irritation to Treasury ministers: an 

intriguing example of government 
preference for private-sector inform- 
ation to the product of its own fact- 
finding machine. 

There is a further example: in its re- 
cent Budget forecast, the Treasury 
openly plumped for CBI evidence 
that investment will continue to rise 
strongly, in preference to the gloom- 
ier results of lhe investment in- 
tentions survey carried out by the 
Department of Trade and Industry. 

Such touching faith in the statis- 
tical prowess of the CBI contrasts 
starkly with the Treasury's view of 
the CBI's economic prescriptions. 
Although relations between the 
employers' organization and the 
Government are gentler than in the 
days when bare knuckles were 
clenched in front of Mrs Thatcher, 
the CBI's views on the need for lower 
interest rates, membership of the 
European Monetary System and 
public investment packages are a 
series of thorns in government flesh. 

Profits at an 
all time recon 



“1 am delighted that the Board have been able to 
justify the support and confidence of share- 
holders. Profits have risen by 19.8% to an all time 
record of £27.4m (1984/85: £22.9m) and the 
proposed final dividend of 2.5p will bring the total 
dividend for the year to 4p per ordinary 
share (1984/85: 3. Ip per share). I look to a satis- 
factory increase in earnings and dividend in the 
current year" 

“Intensive planning has resumed on the expansion 
of the Group. This process will receive consider- 
able impetus from the recent recruitment of 
Geoffrey Maddrell to be Managing Director of 
the Group. He brings a proven experience of 
business development which will be of great 
benefit to us in this next phase of Tootal's profit- 
able growth to the continuing benefit of its 
shareholders, managers and employees." 

Alan WagstafF 



if you c lit* ft> iwff more 
iA>W ui, vriit lit ike 
SeerriJry /> copy of Om- 
an row Rtpivt ir Accounts, 

Tiviiil Group pk, 

Umitlt ffoioc, 

19-21 Spring Guidons, 
jYSiiifi'&i stcr MbU'JTL. 

r Tootal 

Our names 
add up to strength 



Profit on ordinary activities 

before tax 



Earnings per share 




Return on capital employed 

77k uhrr result ur, anuc:cdn,v-; :hffu!iGr, v .pu^n«.nf ( n-;iu lldr „ 

M .urry M erudet reflm oaJzi!lf>clAJsiik ik- R,# 

in Lhe 
riun of 
ha.-* of 
ear. and 

nee 1982 

n in total 


>i' (nude 
-fill and 
Aork fur 

will be 




■ ■ ( I 3 $ S B 

mNANQ£ AND IN nl i<r*v. 

int I'iMbS VvtOiNtMJAi ArtilL 30 ly »6 

New Work (Agtedes) — 
Sfaares^stbe New. York Stack 

drips extending their ratty. 



^n*rfc*» Express feJ tbe 
oily, up i% to 62 H. A 10 
.aullioa share buytmdk pro- 
gramme was -announced on 

The Dow Jones industrial 

• vRjP&fir** the dosing 
high i of 1 ^ 55 . 90 . Advances led 
-Jediisgs hy three to two on ! 
f %3 million shares traded. 

. IBM rose a to 161%, 
addto to recent gains. ATT- 
cUmhed h to 25%, leading the 
actives. * 

Tie Dow transportation av- 
erage *as down 0.25 points at 
815 . 01 , and utilities were down 
1.44 points to 184 . 14 . 


S gag i 

WwfiSlO’f. L 13*F' u% «flf 79^-; 

% 8 Sfr¥teSll.<SZB£- 

£3l££L‘ir'"n£ f gwcom- m ■ 
SSsESL? cenwnics ms- 

5^0P*r : Wa-^wt GenEJedric 8 Si 
An&ipcnsB OQfr - 62)i Gen Inst 22 
Ml HOftie . . ««-•«•■ Gen MBs 73V 

A* KS? 1 "ft ■ "7® Gen Motors 82% 
A®**** 3 8* 3% GnPtJUiny 19* 

. 44 43 Geneses rtfa 

fmTeteph 25* 24-A GeorgaPac &% 

Amoco 59V 60% Gifeto 89'/. 

A nnco S teel 10% 10% Qoodncti 40% 

Asanoo. m m GoodYear 32K 

AshtanaOH 52% 51% Gaidlnc 37 

AIRWWeM 53 53% Grace 56% 

AirodProdB 31% . 32% Gt An SPac 23% 

BfcrsTsttnr n/a 49%- Gnufo 36% 
Bankanwr ISM 18 V GramanCor 23* 
Bk ofBeton I'viEt : 37% GuflS Weal 56% 
Betttpi HT: 66% 67% /Heinz HJ. ■ 42% 

BBOB&Ms' Itfa ■■■■nla," Hareutw " 49V. 

17, .BTea-Pfcrt. 47% 
Boeing 58'4 S5% Honeywell- 77% . 

BseCascde 66% 56% TCIftds-' 45-- 

Rruen fit «. fit 5 inoersoB 63". 
BoWsmer :'28S 28% . Intend Steel 24% 

Bnsi'Uyera '7B%' 77'. IBM ;; 161% 
BP’ ' 33%-- 33V. :iHCO ■ - ' 14*-. 

BurTtmlpd 4Q* 40 Ira Paper 59%. 

BurffonlWT fi9J. 70% ItwTefTsI 49% 

Bwougfts 62% 62% irangRank 55 

CmpbeS.5p . 57V. 57V, Jbnsn&Jhn . 68% 

Can Pacific 13 13% Kaiser Alum 21 

cawrptfar 55 % 55': - Kerr McGee 29 Vi 

Cetanese 209 207% KmbiyCtrk 86% 

Central SW 3l% 32 KMart 47% 

Otamwjn 10% 26V Kroger 51% 

Chase Man 37*. 47V LT.V Carp 9» 

Oral Bk NY 54% 54% Luton 87% 

Chevron 39'i 39% Lockheed 56 

Chrysler 38% 38% Lucky Strs 2S% 

Cmqoni 81 ’i 61'-. Man Hnver 56% 

Cm Equ*) 22% 22% MarwiteCp 3 

CocaCrta - t13% -115V Mopco 44% 
Colgate 39". 39-. Manne Mxl , 65% : 
CBS .-■ -123% 134V Marietta 45%'.' 
C'lmtM Gas ' 38V "38V Masco 57V 

71% 'RCA Corn 
tfi&ft RftHasRJ- 44%, 46% 
72. RynidsMet . 47% . 46 - 
84% Roctarefrlnt- 47% 46% 
79% R0V3I Dutch 78 V .78%. 
23a Safeway? 39% 39% 

74- Sara Lee Bi% 6i% 

81% SFESopac 34% 35% 

19% SCM n/a n/a 

2% SM'Mrgw 30% 30% 
32% Scon Paper 58% 58% 
91 Seagram 60% 60% 

40% Sears Rock 45% 44% 

3? SMI Trans «% 46% 
27% singer 52'i 52% 

56% SnrttlMn He n/a 94% 
22% Sony 23% 23% 

36% Sth Cal Ed 30% 30 

28% Sperry Corp 56 64% 

59 SMOBOMo 45% 45 

41% SierUnq Dig 44*. 44% 

49% Stevens JP 34% 34% 
47% Sun Comp 47V 46% 

77% Teledyne .354% 355% 

• 45 Teranaco ' 36% 38% 
63% Texaco ’ 32% 33% 

24% Texas ET Cor. 31% 31 

159% Texas test .146% 146% 
14". Texas Utas 33% 33% 

58% Textron 62% .64% 
48 TravirsCor 51% 51% 
54% TRW tec 100 100% 

6fiv, UAL Inc 63'/. 61% 

20% Unilever NV 175 175% 

"2B% LteCartMe 24'/. 24% 

85% UnPacCor 52% 52% 
46% Utd Brands 26% 24% 

52% US Steel 20% 20% 

9K LhdTecrraol 51% 51% 

87% Unocal 21% 21% 

54V Jhn Walter 44% 44% 

26 Wniet Lmbt 57% 58 

56% wells Fargo 92% 93 
- 3% WnqhseS 54% 54% 

43% Weyerti'ser 37% . 37% 

-. 55'% Wmrtpool 72V 72 . 

“ 44* ; "Waoiworth 77* • 79 

56% Xerox Corp 60% - 59% 
ss s zamtfi _Z3:; . 27% 

Crab » Eng - r35fk - -35% LMcOonno* 84%. 
Conwmh£& '32% - ■33' fMBad “ ‘4B% 

Cbracaai- 1 *43%; -44." Merck 178 V 176% 

CnUatGae -Agr 47* Mx^Mog 106% 104% CANADIAN PRICES 
Cons Power 12% 13" MotxiOB 30V 30% 

CntriOate .227, -22- Monsanto 63% 

Comma Q 77 . 79 Mac^nJ.P. B6% 

CPCm ~ 66% 67 Motorola 49% 

Crane n/a n/a NCR Corp 51% 

Cm Zeller 48V 48% NLtedstrs 13% 

Dart A Kraft 55% S5’4 Nai Disdre 42% 

Deere 33% 32* NaiMedEnt 24% 

Delta Air 43% 47 NetSncndt 15% 

DflTrtW Ed 17% 18 Norfolk Sth 90% 

DqnaiEq 182% 182% NW Bancrp 38 
Deranr 47 48* OcoomPet 25% 

OowCnem 56% 56% Ogden 29% 

Dresser ind 18% J8’4 -O&iCorp 43% 


62% AWtrtx 25% 25% 

86% Aten Alum 44 * 43% 

49% AlgomaSB 17% 17 V 
52% Beil Tele n/a n/a 

13% Can Pacific 17% 18 
41% Conwco 12% 12% 

24% Con Baftwst 27% 27% 

15% Gulf Oil 15 n/a 

91 Hkr/Sid Can 28% 28* 

38 Hdsn B Min 32 

25% Ima&co 38 

29* Imperial Oil 42 1 

43% In Pipe 43 


day's range close 

“ - Amfl28 April! 

N York 15425-1.5648 1.5515-15525 

Montreal 2.1304-2.1417 2.13B02.1417 

<tetsdam3,ra77^«6S . 37778-3.7634 

Brussels 67.94-68 66 B8.45fi8.65 „ 14-«wem 

Cphgefi 12^209-13-5017 12.4315-1i5017 3%-2%pr«Il 9%-8*prern 

Dublin 1.0960-1.1096 1.1038-1.1048 parfiAs . 12premfidks 

FranWral 3^286-3^727 3.35263.3573 tX-1'ipwm 4*-4%pram 

bsban 216.02-226.74 217.28-226 74 

Madrid 212.63-214J5 21363-213.93_ „ _ 

MilanM 2284 70-2310.70 229932-230857 5- 90S 1<U23QI9 

Oslo 10.6066- 10.7701 10.7010- 10.7701 2X-3%Cte 8>-9%dB 

Pans 1 a6l 50-1 Q 7450 10B967-10.71B2 2* -2% prom 7%fi%prem 

StkWn 10.7732-10.9031 1DJB640-10.902I V-1%cfa 1V2VdB 

Tokyo ?57 46-25858 2S9.18-2S95B 

Vwvm 2333-23.72 Z3.6B-23.73 

Zurich 27893-28087 2.7990-2.8032 1%-1%prera 4y.-3%prem 

Slertiag index compered wtti 1 975 was up at tg. 4 (day's range 75.9-76.4}. 

Hates suppRed by Berdeys Bank HOfEX and Exfoi *UoydsBwk unemotional 

1 month • 
0.49-0 47pram 



£: ■* ST 

67* PtiefosDge 27 26% 

798, PhipMrs 83% 64'/. 
24V- PhiffipsPtt 10% 10V 
' 31V- PofeWKl - 62% 83 
.64% iPPGfod . 657.. .65% 

- 8V PttarGmW 75 ■ 75 
-80*- PbS F 6 Q . 38% 36V 
45% ' Hafthkn 1 fl8%'.66vf 

Stktttn 10.7732-10.9031 
Tokyo 25746-2958 
mama 2333-23.73 
Zurich 27893-28087 

VI Vis 

3 mornhs 


0-39-0 45pram 















66 V 06-f 
65% 65% 

44V. 45% 

Cteartng Banks 10V . ; 

Finance House 12* 

Olscoisft Market Uara* ' 

Owrmglil High: 10% Low 9 
Week fixed- 1.1V 

Treasury BOs /Discount °&) 

Buying SeUmg 

2mnth HP=r 2 mnth IPu 
3mmn 9’v.a 3 ninth 9% 

Pifew Bank Bils (Discount V} 

Inmtli IO’in-10'’i* 2mnth HPio-10% 
3mnth iPs-IO'w 6rmnh 
Trade BUIS (Discount V) 

Imnthll'i* 2mnth 10 ,9 is 
3mnthl0»u BmiHh 1(P» 

I nte r ba nk (VI 

Owongfit open 1 1 X dose 9 
1 week 11'4-IIV 6mmh 10 'i*-9 I5 h« 

1 mnth lOVIO* 9mmh 9Ui*fi"ie 

3mnth 10%-10'ia 12mth 9"ifcfi?w 
Local Authority Depsafta (*] 

2 days 11 7 days ii 

1 mnth 10 1 tit 3 mnth 10V 
6 mnth ID 12mth 9 ' 

Loctd Authority Bonds (VI 
1 mnth 11-10* 2 mnth 10V-10V 

3 mnth 10V-10V 6 mnth 9%-9% 

9 mnth 11%-11* 12mth SK-9% 

Sterling CDs fM 

1 mnth iO lt iB-lO' 1 u3nrath 10V-10* 

6 mnth g<v is fi<i l( , I2m«h 9'’xr*'hi 

Dollar CDs (%} 

1 mnth 6.75-6 70 3 nwttl 8704.65 

6 mnth 6.Q5-6.60 1 2 mth 6.75-6.70 



7 days 6V-6'%. 

3 mnth 8 p> ied ra » 
7 days 5'n>4»i» 
3 mnth 4 ’ , i*4’i# 
French Franc 
7 days 7V-7* 

3 mnth 7 , ie7'w 
Swiss Franc 

7 (bye nv-ir/i 

3 mnth 4’ie-4 b is 

7 days SV^V 

3 mnth 4 ,j !«-4"i« 


i 6 lA '*- l] "t 


i 4"i<^-l 8 ia 

I 4%-4* 
t 79ie-7'r« 
2 %- 1 % 

I 4>'i«-4>is 
I 41|fl-4'is 


Krugerrand* (per coin): 
$34550-347.00 (£22250223. 
S 81.75&.75 (£525053^ ) 
"Excludes VAT 

Fixed Rate Sterfmg Export Finance 
Scheme tv Average ref er en ce rate for 
interest penod March 5. i96fi ro 
Aprf i, 1986 inctuswa: 11577 per 


Three Month Sterfing Open 

JunB6 90 46 

Sep 88 91.06 

Dec 85 9153 

Mar 87 9125 

Jun 87 N/T 

Sep 87 N/T 

Previous day's lotaLapen Interest 19180 
Three Month EuiadoHT 

junae — : 93.12: 

Sep 86 4 — 93.09, 

Dec 88 — 92.94 

Mar 87 92.71 

US Treasury Bend 

Jun86.. 9824 





Est Vol 



9026 - 







645 • 


91 27 







. 91.28 





Sep 80 97-18 

Dec 66 N/T 

Previous day's tout open Interest 2Q37B 
9320 93 08 93 19 1989 

93.19 9304 9319 2233 

9357 92.93 93.07 382 

9255 9271 9255 164 

Previous day's total open interest 7872 
99-13 98-09 9949 5160 

98-16 97-18 98-15 104 

97-23 0 

Urn 32 32 

38% 38% 

Of 42% 42* 

43V 43V 

•rg 350 355 

Evans Prod ma ~ n/a . f Pftzw - • 6f* 

“ nJSTIwM tS rSTwoEo • 




Ryl Trusted 



Pan Am 



Sea grain 



Penney J.C 









TOfiisn N 'A' 





Wlkr Hxam 



Prize. • - 






kmuv »9oc* nar HreM rirww. 

Short OBt 

Jun B6 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Long Git 

Jun 86 

Sep 86.... 

Dec 86 — 

Mar 87 

FT-SE 100 

Jim 86 

Sep 86 

Previous day's total open interest 1 194 
103-10 103-10 102-62 103-09 251 

N/T 103-29 O 

N/T 0 

Previous day's total open imprest 13574 

127- 00 127-00 135-29 126-17 8858 

128- 17 126-17 128-14 126-25 11& 

126-20 128-20 126-20 126-24 20 

126-20 126-20 126-20 126-20 20 

Previous day's total open merest 1607 
16250 16450 161.80 16475 216 

N/T 16655 O 


Argentina austrar ....... 

Australia oatar 

B3foam dinar 

Brazil cruzado * 

Cyprus pound 

Finland marks 

Greece drachma 

Hong Kong dollar 

hxte rupee — 

Iraa dinar ... 

Kuwait tfnarKD 

Malsvsia do*ar 

Mexico peso 

New Zealand (foliar ..... 

Saudi Aradraityal 

Singapore deter 

Sown Africa rand 

U AEdrham 

— 75908-15011 
.„ 25919-2.1910 


2158-21 42 

™. 0.751 (MX 7710 

— 75765-76186 
... 209.16-312-15 


... 4.0306-4 0432 

— 26*30-2.6539 


_. 3387533328 
__ 51517-3.1667 
__ 5.644555846 


GWjojmson end Co report 

SUGAR {Ravi) 


May — 1B9.4-88.0 

Aug 1943-93.8 

Od — 195.2-95.0 

Dec 200.0-98.0 

March ...... 2008-005 

May 2055-tMO 



Australia : ; 

Canada — 

Sweden — 



West Germany ._ 





Hang Kong 








1 .3275-1 5785 







8.915-8520 1 



4453-44.28 | 





VOi: — — 




... 1339-38 



. 1412-11 

JuW ... 1430-15 

Urf : . 3759 




: 2342-341 

Jan .... 2*28+125 

March — - 2442-440 

May 2440-435 


_ 25.0Q-2&5 

Aim 22.00-22.5 

„ 22-00-230 

Dec - — 







The prices and unit trust 
quotations on this 
page refer to 
Monday's trading 




July — — 


Sspt — 

Od - 


Dec — — 


Voh 1 — 


Unofficial prices 
Official Turnover figures 
Price in £ per metric toon* ' 
Saw In pence per troy ounce 
Rudolf Wad A Co. LU report 


Cash 9245-9255 | 

Three months ..... . 

Val 8260 

Tone Easier 1 

Vol 6600 

Tom Steady 


Cash 2555-2580 

Three Months 26032605 

Vol 876 

Tone — Easter > 

Pig Meet 

»r °R» q &. 

& S ’f|: 

AW 101.8 1015 

Sept 1073 1065 

Oct 1085 

EzL 1105 1105 

E i®l 

Sh 102.0 101-8. 

10T ' S - vjfss 





KS* 0 ® 5 C ffis 

iSe iSr 1845' 

tff 185.0 iw-g. 

Aug 1805 WM, 

Sapt 1805 1793 




Month Own <32?nn' 

May 18400 180 CC 

um. 85.00 ' 6750 

p* 10450 10650. 

April - 12950 13150 

14,J0 WttB 

GJ4L Freight Rrturee Lad . 

iwort J 2 isr^ ps,Bl 


Apr 86 C ^5 

n * 

Jen 87 7330-7M0 TOO* 
Apr 87 7905-7903 TOO 
Jd87 7100-7103 TOO 
Od 87 796.0-TO5 TOO 
JenaS 7965-7955 7905 

.„ 15755-57.00 
.... 138.7MS25 


... 13300-32.00 
.... 132.75-3225 





Cash 9205-922.0 

Three Morehs^ 

Vql NM 

Tone ... kfie 


Cash - Suspended 

Three Momns 

vs — 



Cash ...... 237.6-2385 

Three Months ... 245.0-2465 

vd : 1100 

Tone — Steady 

Zinc standard 

cun 395. 0-4003 

Three Months—.. 

Vd NO 

Tone we 


Cash 4245-4255 

Three Months — 438.0-4385 

Voi 500 

Tone Easier 


Cash 3265-327.0 

71W8 Months — 334.0«3355 

Vol 4 

Tone Qwet 


Cash ^ 326.0-3275 

Three Montns 3343-335.0 

Vd W ! 

Tone kfle 1 


Cash ... : 7583-759.0 ] 

Three Months 751.0-7525 

Average ttmocfcprlceeat 
representative mutate on 
Apr! 28 

GU: Cattle, 9851pporkglw 

GB: Sheep 278.1 Bp per kg eat 

CW (+ 7.411 

G 0 ! Rp, 7754 p par kglw 


CstSa nos. down 11.6%, aw. 

Sheep nos. down 9.1 %, aw 

Pm nos. domt55 %. 6Y6. 
price. 80.57M-1.31I 

£ per tonne 

Month Close Close 
May 117.75 11250 

July 11555 

Sept 9935 9830 

NOV 102-35 10150 

Jtt) 105.35 104.50 

March 10800 10755 


Wheat 825 

Barley 218 


M 56 lots 


US 94 
771 663 

149 131 
358 286 
190 149 
1ZO 107'i 
120 9B 
MO 159 

82', 53 

53 31 
448 364 
101 SO 
768 S3S 
220 138 
138 108 
143 110 
, 364 314 
187 13* 
836 430 
206 176 
117 103 

150 119 
37? 2*4 
152 136 

83 73 

131 110 
I 145 119 
107 85 
190 142 
277 237 
348 2ST 
1J0 » 

»8 «80 
'93 <45 
345 2*4 
124 B4r 
140 109 
662 480 
147 IS 
147 123 
162 143 
395 322 

90'. SB 
10S 92 

170 118 
■55 138 
315 275 
>38 115 
360 291 

Amor Trial 
Ang Anwr Sac 
AOannc ASMS 


Br toMS 

Br Enpra Sec 
Bt Inv 
Crescam Jean 
Os ,njf Inc 
Do Cm 
Drayw Com 
Drayton Fit East 
Oraymn usoan 
Dun san Lon 
E*i Anar AtSM 
agaric tan 

EngfcMt Sax 
&u#nn NV 


f fc Atari a 
FIC Pacta 

FKI San Amor 
Flra U" tan 
Fimwp Amencan 
Wtam g Ciner 
FSiiBatg Enmtinsa 
n«<v<g Par East 
Benwvj Pfcdging 
F Kvnmg Japan 
Raavng UercxiNo 
Bsmmq Ovareaas 
Ronng Tapi 
Floiwg UnawM 
For Cbl 
□bc caonm 

GT Japan 
General Rinas 
Gawrai Cons 
Ctaaeom Stock 

3.1 D 27 448 
298 U 38.1 
4A 0.1 39.0 
89 85 584 
44 2.4 578 

OB 0.7 . . 
3.9 b 33 444 

r^5t> 06 .. 

27 4 8 327 

0.7 1 6 61 6 

203b 43 383 
31 31 485 

MOB 33 373 
05 03 .. 
123 87 183 

143 43 36A 
13 03 .. 
1.4 03 .. 
7.7 J33.XL6 
OS 0 fl 857 
47 23.42.1 
560 13 84.1 
30 3.4 43B 

Govatt Atrene 
Gcvmb Onamei 
Goran Strategy 
Gresnxm Housa 
HM (P) 

Invest M Success 
hw Cap 
Japan «om 
KMMmin Cnartw 
La* Oaoenan 
ion Marcnant Sac 
Lav Trial 

Murray Income 
Mtvray Smal 
. Mwrni .venura 
Near Caul 
. No* urn o* 

tt mt vea hie 83 


Ch'ga pence 

% PfE 


20 430 



U 800 


£2 640 


23 294 



32 430 


40 300 


10 940 


17.1 D 6.1 790 


00 .. 



30 280 

-1 33 52 1S3 

>1 51 e 9 .1 227 

• .. 61b 51 317 

SAD 13 553 
*t 7.7 b 43 29.1 

• +1 . 73b 4A 345 

33 n 1.4 . . 

• ... mets 27 615 

• *l'i 213 . 4 9 302 

• +1 03 +3 56.0 

57 51354 
420 7 4 20 2 




20 540 
£8 520 





New Tokyo 
ran Aden*: see 




• .. 



00 . 

10 894 

• +1 


1A 806 





£4 690 






• +1 


1.1 710 





• .. 


40 31.7 






40 SB 



70 90 







15 090 



















38 41.9 







10 .. 





36 23 54.1 

57 OB 
51 S3 377 
33 23 457 

S3 21 677 
S3 22 642 
21 25 57.4 

236 181 Romeo 
SIB 267 Homey 

13% 11 •» Rorarao 

*15 7.1 22 «57 

20b 1.1 .. 

23 13 807 
153 BJ0 2T7 
-23 Z4S53 
143 4.1 333 

Si AnoraM 
Sax American 
Scot Eusnrn 
Soot Merc A 1 
Scot Nat 
Bann) Manx 
Ssc Of Scotland 

tagn low 
3B*> 37 
91 82 

122 96 
1® 155 
226 ZOZ 
151 118 
1GB 140 
1 1B 90*4 

174 139 
109 135 
305 237 
356 300 
205 157'i 
141 112 
94 T9 
265 217 
62 44 

74 B£ 
98 65 

210 JH1 
340 266 

471. 3S'i 
71 31 

49 21 
159 131 
10** 13', 
IPX 12*. 
1B6 131 
102 90 
247 187 

93 66 
6GO 375 

94 77 
102 77 

TO Day Of Loo OK) )1B 
TO tad 8 tan 194 
TO team Res 21O 
TO North Amerce 94 
ill PacAe Bum 158 

TO Prawn W7 

TO Tech 106 

TO Thetaas 180 

Temp* Bar 166 

Throomonon 295 

-runs Seemed Cw> 354 
Pans Oceanc 203 

TrVxina 134 

TnpMmett me 87 

USDBbtmn 237 

Vikmg nasouces 45 

Wasmoot 64 

wmtaiMlioni Bay B8 

Winn 195 

Yaocnan 332 

Ope pence t PfE 

T. 06 18 .. 

31 34310 

■ . . 56b 48 324 

42 54 b 24 515 

+1 107 5.1 257 

-1 24b 24 47 J* 

• *1 14 0.9 . ■ 

* 1 53 32 414 

42 24 24 57 S 

63b 10 374 

7ft 4 8 28.0 
-1 114 40 354 

■ . ^ 54 27 BOB 

34 29 354 
-• .. 144 152 74 

• x-1 94 34 51 5 

+1 22b 44357 

... 22 44 450 

8 3A 41 J 
-1 1570 4.1 342 


American Expnss 

Bmarana Anew 
Dcdy MM 
DO -A' 

Eng Trust 



Goon (D s mq 

30 *20 


Henaarean Atftm 




23 565 





60 200 








20 652 



MenateM Heuxa 




Paata im Tet 




DO WwrartB 




.20 63.1 



Small Brothers 


• *1 50 44 144 

*>. B93 4.ai2i 
+U 694 4 < 114 

5.4 34 3TB 
*2 <4 40 139 

• *5*> 50 26 150 

.. 3.0 32 16 5 

23 14294 

ft« 74 84 
*4 24 22 254 

25.70 1 6 227 

• -2 123b 6.1 8 7 

• . . 22.9 5.8 Ida 

-10 21.4 22 243 

42 ' 184 57 B4 

+*i 04 56 882 

+2 53 51214 

' Bid Offer cmg YW 


00. HcManturW Ro. Boanmorih BN8 BAL 
0345 717373 Minna) 

C3t S Run 1232 1303* -04 931 
ln« Enufly 040 ®4« +05 445 I 
WuKJvxdeBond 1004 >9326 *09 502 

fined 123.2 1303* -04 S2l 

<e Eainy 940 «4« *04 445 i 
ndofond 1M6 1932C *09 502 
an (terem 1594 1596 -04 232 

Paata. "all 44.1 m2 283 
lift E*m.; ' ; 974 16460 '■■>0,7 126 

RaserM • -644 . M2* . +02 1 55 I 

Comm 1 Crated J57liW0BM-.-^.H24a.- 1 
tan Copaal 895 9520 *1.1_148 

Smaoar Co s 
UK Browai 
Extra me 


me a Groaitff 
Nai teen me 
Prai Skuas 

On Aecum' " 19lB J4l4* +12 l'M.‘ 

uataterjhft tafia sp 

as Ssss 1 * 


Atad Dixteo Cenva S*moon SN1 1EL ' 

0793 4103GG 8 0793 29291 

fiiaf Trust 2254 2402 *12 318 

firaf Trust 
Orcwtn A Income 
Caen* Trail 

1350 144 Be *06 114 

Caenai Trail 2329 M80* *15 E€* 

B*mo» 364 6 3383. +21302 

Actum Trust 5514 3B7 4 *34 269 

Anwncan nxxne 303 323 -02 418 

tejyi meoma Tst 249 4 265 6e *06 449 
EaDby Income 1308 i*7E" *08 4.66 

Mgn Yrtim V*28 1531* *09 545 

Qovr Stas Tnae c ■*- 306 319* -0.1 90S 

mten wna al 77S 824 +0 r r 03 

JU»n Fate 92 1 981 ,0.4 041 

Paata Trust 1514 1614 -.xM I 11 
Amur Spcl 549 65 1 893* -84 1 18 

Sea OTSirji Ta 210 4 -d4 0 70 

AU Asset VM 2290 2437-- *14 311 

Akt Asset value 
GB Gramm 

383 399* *81 282 

2no Smaww Cos 152 2 162 1* . 247 

Racom inral 015 KM +06 315 

MUll Cmotr 796 »* a* +0 I 233 

Osan Eamrigs 187 0 iM 2 -OS 2® 

Teomtaay TU 927 98 7* *0^091 

raooma E.onor 1290 136 7 +0 7 519 

Examta SnoSer Co s 220 7 2335* *04 174 
US* Exempt Truv J303 3504* -£ I 137 

131 Pmsnuiy PStramam London CCSA 1AT 
01-626 3076 01-280 65*0/1,20 
CdOXW Grewffl Inc 58 7 827 -07 1 68 

DoAccum 656 701 -07 168 

Easurr A mn 1167 124£ -OB 0® 
Oo 6*» vrmvpawal 628 669 +04 0® 

FWea A Picpany 538 £39 *04 215 

Qdf 8 Fuad moomo 50 9 S35c -06 814 , 

Do Accum 

Eoaty “w™ 


term Ywc meemo 
Do Accon 

IW Acton 

Do 9*, VWWPwl 
Manaoed Fum 
PiiVoranco income 
Do Aeon 

83 6 680c -ID BI4 
758 81 Oc *03 481 
175 6 187 8e *03 *41 
K1 ft! -OJ 771 
1919 20S2 *09 7 71 

74 4 79 5 -0 6 2 33 

707 758 *06 233 

59 6 628 +01 

793 313* +0210 30 
93Q 99.4a *071030 

Sma/Iei Co s Accum 1374 146 9c *04 139 
wota Rem* Srnxa 9 8 10* 116 

PoTtMTsHW 779 eo 7 +03 1® 

Poma+o T« J*»n 876 »9 +13 010 

Peseta THUS 69 5 72.0 -0 2 110 

Pdfekl Tsi Eurapn 105 6 1094 +0 6 016 

Patwc Tsr HR 37 3 38.6 -03 0.10 


3. GSenfcnlu K. ECnburm EW 8VY 
031 225 2581 (CeamraJE 1-228 6C66] 
me e» rzt nsr 433 7 .. 117 

Japan Ex (431 342 3 3571 .. 026 

me E» fiSi 
Japan Ex (431 
UK Ex |31l 
Pt* Pees tea 
FM Pom UK 
EG Amanu 

2203 23* 5 C 
*490 4718 
1930 2096 
1615 1710 
170 6-1246 

SG Ircome G-*ai 195 7 2C3 2* +08 405 

SG Japs* - 
Efo Tagnemsv. 

151 3 161 0 *23 ODD 

1583 1683c , *06 139 



Enuirj insme 
Otcurl* i me 
jiban Serov 
first Eivcoe 
Fra Japan, 
fta N Amu 

57S G26G -03 OM 
43 6 53.0 -0.6 CU8 

551 MM +06 580 
1129 1201 +10 030 

W9 676 *0» 130 

969 929 «3JS$ 

796 .85J* +10 OM 
101 1 107 Sc +051 0 SO 
. raj 769 +05 030 

49.0 533 -03 1 90 

FVuncfen 4aes 
Gta A Gen 
. m Lame ' - 
. Prep Sharer - - . 

Amar Gnmth 
Atom b uxi ne .. 

1 Pit J-iteBar. • — 

Far Eve 

Hm-Kun firf 
mn Growm 
Japan Pari 
japan Smater 


Exempt Martial 

Bid Otter drag VM 

1363 1*80 ?. 134 

S 94 41.0c .. 107 

14 650 ..644 

27 9 294 .. 724 

1901 20229 *2B 

1854 206.4* .. 408 

190 208 .. 958 

1195 12760 .. 2-71 

«7 :477 .. ,222 

. 160 174 -- 362 

iflO 171 ■ • .. -053 
, 602 642U . . c .T-'S 
J>0.K3 .. 187 

414 464 ■ c... aai 

. 914 994* .. 337 

■624 El 2* -■ .. 040 
218 254 .. 055 

■ 721 76 M- .. -100 

146 . 156 . . 022 

412 439 102 

23.6 252 .. 2.63 

334 361* .. 1.83 

58.0 619 .. .. 

136 145 ... 

84 1 081c .. 347 

64.7 67 7 .. 4.14 

9-17, Putymoirt 
0444 400144 

Grtwr m Acax n 
. . • Do meoma 

Hgejn cotm 


-Man PQrtloaolne 
- DttAce ■ 
Nam Amartcan 


Z5,US Attrarmane Saeei. London Wix *AD 

01-491 0295 

MMMvT- - 1 - - ‘ - W»' 5S1 - -08 08* I 
AusMUP 199 2U +02 Z12 

japan a General 833 945' ' '+08 <Ji? 1 
nak msw-' • *6.1 iaSL47 . *03 72S." 

mrar na a w Trust. 7fij 4i.7 *or ids 

acomOixTe- 474 sar-’ftAaia 

G4t*I fiaW Int . 472 71 B* -00 i *3 
GiotJI VarkB~.' 35 T 37 5* 196 

Speoai Smutans *14 *J 3c . +D4 1 *8 


unann Hniso. 252. Rontford Fla E7 
01-534 5544 

*n»na 940 893 -0.0 167 

Ante Acnxn 138D 146B -0 4 183 

DQ Hearn 9E6 1O10 -03 1 W 

Csaul v9.5 739 *02 ?sa 

Eaumpl Tiust 421 0 447 B* *18 341 

Ex™ mcwnio 74 1 78 8* +0 4 5 32 

F wrote 34 1 2490 -0 5 254 

S00 2599 J764 *06 3C3 

General 135 8 144 4B -0.6 113 

GA A Fixed he 57 2 598 -02 9 18 

Japan A Gan (ns 1J74 1«5* -04 018 

PgAss 1394 1432* -0* 018 

Gram tacom 1736 1B99* *04 ?*S 

meomo Tnisl 3^5 HSi- *15 .51 

LULira Tnm 39 630 -02 1 J4 

5qmuI SAiAaafr. '.139-5 J4T.0 *09.6-30 , 

flgSSv iffl! 2310 +II1M 

TW ftesJ'* ; ft»0 llfS' -+0J TO 
Unv Teer Acean' 55.4 557 -0.1 Ofo 

Do tecJTte W.1 Wj 

WcMBraSn Tbh» 144 7 1530 +§.3 0 » 

B Tst'Hv Fund ACC 3? 10 3*209 *. S JJO 

Du ins . 2W3 *L? .330 


PO 9a> 156 enawnhom K«rr BA3 4X0 
flt-558 50CC 

ffilsnSSois .faft-BW* +0-4 570 


10 Fucnucr SL umoon tC3 
0I-8S3 mo 

Plumed inv 1S0 . . ?+§ 

Ewaoean me 874 91 7 +0.4 1 ib 

Ootaapn 107.1 1122 *Of I If 

f-tauum tru= lM-S 163 7 +0-5 ?9l 

poAcoim 2091 221 6 *2^551 

cat tern me 1M.1 1239 -oj ftM 

Do Aecum 1*6 194 5 -J® ^ 

teem View Inc 855 910* f* 

Do Accum 1602 1791 -03 s06 

JOtdnincente 2l»8 22i1e +10 1.11 

m Accum 2100 <21 9q +19 111 

N Miaou Inc 460 430 -02 069 

Do Acaxn S30 *72 -02 a® 

Plata Income 1169 1231* -26 021 

(to Accum 131 S 1380 *£9 021 

Smh CP's tee 74 3 79i -Cl 1.78 
DU AMUR 87.4 910c -01178 

74-78 Fmatarv P»omant London EC2A 1Jt> 
01-568 2777 Ooixntrtt'fiJO 047879 MoooyQuxte 

Gnancn Gtfr $89 598 041 

me Racorary 1100 117.3* .-. «L5S 

Rd. Haywards Heuh 

1226 131 B +C8Z15 
2010 2171* +22 .. 
1293 1384* +1A 1.79 
» 4 71.4* +0L4 628 
75S 812* <-&2 528 
620 677 -03 429 

1050 1130 -00 . . 

610 £5*. .. 125 

706- 709e -04 030 

413 444 +08 322 

_ J406 -4500* - -1.0- 000 h 
330 35 7c +0.7 108 


The and- Ercnange Lonoon EC2P 2JT 

01-588 2888 

General me (*1 

2130 2236 

.. 207 

to tacum i*1 

3355 3521 

.. 207 

tecama fixia (3) 

rOTfl IOS3A 

.. ilfi 

to Acaxn (3) 

1786 1OG0C 

.. 516 

Int) me (21 

122 5 1354 

.. 101 

to Accun |2) 

1621 109 5 

. 181 

SnuXer IK ISI 

flOSI 1101 

.. 274 

Do Accum (S| 

CH02 1708 

.. 27* 


125. tegn Htaom. London WC1V 6PY 

01-242 li+B 

CS Japan Fund 749 79.7 +18 027] 

L Wli. Wenciey. MAS QNB 

Grown 279 5 297 3 *20 203 1 

nearra 324 4 3451 +1.9 398 

Far East 1742 184 6* *1 5 041 

NOtei Ameaan Ifo 1 1522* -08 0.71 | 


PO Bo. 551 Bevc Marxs London EC3 7JD 
01-621 Nil 

CapUl 3595 38*5* *08 1.70 

teccra* 287J 30309 +10 440. 

Norm Amman 2669 2658* -38 137 I 


1. K>nq vVJUra St EC4N 7AU 
01-623 6314 

Gt Trust 108 7 1150 e -021034 

— Lnxn t*a» EC2 IDS 
01-583 1815 

Inv Fund 414 05 . 4 17 

Franc W 149.75 c . . 955 

DepOM 1000 12.00 

. 77 London Wall. Lonoon EC2N lCB 
■01-588 1015 

Ihcomo 3757 • .. 4.74 

Acaxn fFarMS . .. 


Uiitdm Ptan. BrsU BSZ OJH 
0800 J73J93 ■ 

*mer Growm SO 26.6 -0.1 190 

Enmy Man mcene *2-3 45 1 +0245 

Eurewan »ra*Ui 25 5 272 +04 200 

Genual Equity 38 1 406 +03 270 

GA«fiudlmG« 2QZ 322 -01 320 

CJi A Fuad Inc 255 Z72 -01 9SQ 

teds* Secunnaa SO 2680 . 23Q 

Jis+n Crown. 269 28 7 .. 0 90 

county SAMtuurr mens 
161. CbBapsco. London EC2V 6EU 
Oi 7J6 1M9 

Capital Mcum 
Enorgi Tran 
EiBA income 
Cm Strategy 

269 1 2862 c 
<25 4S8 
1628 1731* 
154 1 1630 
*584 58 1 

Crawm ln»oi C n e« 287 1 305 4 +24 234 

income 8 Growm 409 <3.5 c +0.4 437 
japwwsd & Puabc 133-9 1424 +flB OSS 

KOI Am Gtewtn 102 7 1003c -10 DBS 

me flaccxsry uBj iib 2 *18 10a 

SirstarCo* 1951 ST70 -04 104 

Gum# me Tat 560 so-i* ..,5.77. 

crtewn 'NouM. vVtang OUS1 1XW 
04862 6033-. 

mrams Trail 2342 £59 S# *04 311 

Gromh Trust 224 0 2398 +ZB 30l 

omuwan Trust 1302 1333 *08 0.72 


J Manes* CrescenL Edvew^n 
U3IC26 3<9S 

Amuun Fund 703 75 2 . . 226 

C4PWI Fund 90 3 971e ITS 

Crawtn A me firs Uio iaoi 429 

tegn Dtti Fimo 1082 115.7c . . S S3 

inonutpartf Fwl 1B2.5 1953 1 15 

RAS0UK05 Fuflfl 19.T 210 .. a*a 

SmfcjapCosfiU W-7 328 

Tokyo Fund >3B0 1413 0 18 

|E<I Amu IZ) 1469 151.7* .. 107 

lExl Japan (3) B60 S9G .. .004 

I Ex) PsCAc |A| 2430 201 4 041 

(Ex) Smate Jgp (4). 176 H 1020- - 010 

axtAxM 3&3 269 . 372 

Bam Road. Ciwionnam. CSotcaSttr GL53 7LQ 
0242 521311 

UK Balanced tns W1 «f *00 |67 
fv, Accum 701 74 8 +0 a 2.fi7 

74 0 780 
56? BOS 

UK Balanced me mi «o 
fV Accuni 70 1 W 6 +05 2.G7 

Uk GrpwRi Acncn 78ft MB® *?5 IjS 

UKteqnMCInc Ml Bjc *1055* 

N kmercte Accum 6X2 B7.4 -0.7 148 

F» tSSn aSxti 730 780 *02 063 

Em mean Accum 74 0 780 *09 111 

oTSSi nwc 56? 80S -01 806 

Odtaoxn S6.7 800 -01 028 


AOnm Cunra. ikxiaa. 28. rtoswm 

Rood RonPonJ RMi XB 


Endunnca «»■* YI03 329 


ffi^oBB*n SL Meneneuu 
061-238 5685 

EauMta Petaan 74.1* +05 323 

Bte Offer Oxig YU 

tegn meoma Trust 78 B 80£e +05 40S 
GiS ft Fixed m 560 59.8 -0.1 707 

Th Of m> Trusts 840 830 +01 100 

5pecM S« Trurt 760 810 +10 204 

Nffr Amur Trust 58.0 6l£ -83 1.70 

Fat Eastun Trial 710 762 +0-3 072 


St Goarn use Corporedon St Coremiy CV1 
190 .... 

0203 553231 

DR GKMth jActifiri-' I486 155.9*- +10 307 
Do mam - - . 1274 1350* -+O0 *37 
Hghe* lie Acaxn 2389 254 1* *1.7 4.74 
Do Income 1923 2040* +1 4 474 

G«»/Flxad Accum .1042 1066 - -00 253 
Oo Jncamk- . 880 918 -02 268 

NtflAmHTMACCum 1371 14&0* -13 014 

Far E4M TM ACOIff 1311 139.4* +03 035 
Euro Tst Aceun 1480 1574* *IEH1 
General Trust 2300 2450* +10 271 


1, Laurence Pnimey HR, London EC4R OBA 

01-623 4800 

■ American Fund 7*7 >09 .. 026 

Capffal Fund 1084 1171* +10 039 

mom fimd 810 87 B* *09 4. so 

Far Eastern FM 68.7 730 +0.7 035 

Onrsess income 650 702 -0.1 389 

Fixed ktarest 608 840 -0 1 9.00 

tanxai Ptw Fend 38J *07 -03 4 71 

Eumpawi Income 71.1 W.1 -1 0 226 

190. Wem Oaorge 3L GtasgOw G2 SPA 
-.041-3® 31® 

Balanced am me 425 «S2a -02 220 

On Acaxn 43.1 45 Bl -02 

-tecome Gte-VK 414. -4+0 02 400- 

Do Aecum 423 450 -0 1 . 

Senate Gas Inc 443 «7 1 -0.1100 

Do Actixn 44 7 470c .. .. 

RwU WsA. Tooundoa. TWO 1DY 
07® 382222 

American 1004 1074 -07 056 

Arnxi toutv Income 31.7 34 0c -01 J01 

Amu Special S*s 522 559c -01041 

Far Earn me 309 32 9 *04 413 

G* & Fuad tet 31 4 320* . . 8 75 

Grewm 8 income 993 1063 . . 427 

jaoan Special Sra 340 360 +07 .. 

Japcn Trust 1080 1161 +10 .. 

Managua tet Tsr i3Z(i mbs *03 0.13 

Max xvxxrw Eouny 724 770 .. 502 

Pratssstonal cm 330 361 ..228 

South East Asm Ta »a 27.7 -02 on 

6pocxn Sna 1824 i860 . . 073 


8 CtMDt So. London EC3A BAN 
01-638 58S8 

Amencan Exemta E3W 4 374 7a .. 130 
japan Exntnm E3450 3553 .. 113 

Am Property Ttl 8107950 .. 775 

Property Truo 00330 • .. 6.10 

3 London Was Bugs. Lonoon WaN. London 
01-628 5101 

Amu ft Gui me 2250 239 2 >04 005 

Do Accum 2398 244.4 -0 4 0 55 

309 32 9 
314 32 aw 
992 1063 
340 360 
1080 1161 
1320 3405 

Amu ft Gen Bic 2250 2392 
Da Accum 2298 244.4 

Amu Tumamd Inc 2120 2262 

Do Accum 
Coons Ts Inc 
Da Actum 
Can & GB Inc 

Oo Acaxn 

Extra Inc Tit mb 

00 Accum 
Intone Trust 
Do Aecum 
Ml Growth Fa Inc 
Do Accum 
Japan 4 Gen Inc 

DO Accum 

Mammy meoma Fa 
Do Acaxn 
Eunipwn me 
Do Accun 

219 2 3330 -07 n« 

1920 20*29 *08 209 

2312 245 8* *00 288 
686 942 517 

1180 1232 517 

1560 I860 *04 444 

1560 175+ +08 4 44 

1170 1244 *05 403 

1214 1290 *06 403 

1612 171 4* *02 OOO 
179 0 1904* +0 4 0 00 

734 780 +04 DOB 

742 788 +06 008 

70 4 802* +02 4.72 

1382 1440 *00 1.74 

Da Acaxn 1474 1560 

European me 55 4 88.8 

Do Accun 554 S80 

Pultun End. Duma. Surrey 
(BOB 685055 

FP EQuBY Dill 
Do Accum 
FP Fi*ed W DtH 
Do Acaxn 
Snwuasnti Da 
Do Accum 

301 1 2134* *33 283 
332 0 3S24* +30 £63 

1198 1272* -03 5.65 

1332 141 8* -02 505 
1653 1754* *10 2.10 
1699 1803* +19 210 


Pubhe Trustee. Kmgsway. WC2 

01-405 4300 
Gr«* Inc 
tegn thm 

3454 357.7* 
1508 1561 
2173 2236 

8«i Floor. 8. Dewxismm Sq. 

01-33 25/5 Deorg 01-626 
UK Cjp Fed Inc 983 

Do Acaxn 1374 

hcun# Fu«d 78.7 

Ponsra. Ewnw 1807 

mtunetonal 1520 

US ft General 608 

Tech 8 Grown 73.4 

J apart S Geraral 1970 ; 

For Can ft Gan 012 

fixoaem Fund ZO.T 

•Gennany ROM S72 

+10 1 30 
+14 230 

■ms era 
+13 200 
•1 $ 1.00 

*0.1 140 
+14 100 
*16 0-20 
+00 100 
+2.1 0.70 
400 100 

a SI Mary AM London EC3A OF 
01 5?3 1212 Duing 01-623 5786 DMbng 01-623 

American Tiusi 
Austrohan Tint 
Brawn t« Accum 

Guwnoexv Start 

eufODOSn Trust 

Extra ukwib Tran 
F* Eastern Tran 

929 995 -04 000 

186 I9M -01 035 

542 580 +06 2*1 

47 8 509 . +00 3*1 

539 57 7 -01 148 

500 540 *08 043 

469 »26 . 534 

>14 8 1226 *1 1 010 

Food Moran Fund 28.1 no* +0 1 9.76 
QJi Trust 284 290* -01 B36 

GUM FUW Accum 159 ( 1993 +05 003 

Do Dbi ifii 3 +00 023 

Gold Srure Trust 108 110 -0.1 357 

Hedged Amencan 30 7 337 0.10 

tear mamo Tricri 138.4 mi 527 

Hong ung Trust 36 1 280 101 

Income Fud 727 779 +0.4 333 

msuaneo Agarfoea £4607 4900 *0.18 m 

japan Tma 1222 1300 +0? 000 

Managnd Exempt 2724 2839* +>6 £09 
W 4 srargy TiibI 293 313 .. 150 

Soorsai SK Huh 870 941 . . 083 

UK 3nar C'a Dec Tst 640 6S1 *0‘ 

ooiisnijammnM»H»aaaBtT r ^ 
iwicttesm hml 77. London was. London EC2N 

01-588 5620 

"lirt Grewm 768 521 +02 1.68 

Amfincnn Orewlff 84 6 690 1-+1 

Aewnean me ST 2 71 8* -03 5-4 

EutaoBjn Growdi 2020 3165 +20 020 

Grac S MXYWtea JQ3 U1 1 97 

Jwan Grown 13901*8.6 +160-1| 

Pnohu Inoplte 551 TOO *00 309 

U* Speual 0 «js 84 4- 907 *00 300 

72 j 779 +0.4 303 

£4007 4900 *0.18 1 93 

1223 1300 +0.7 0 00 

2724 2836*1 +»fi £09 

768 ®1 +03 1-68 

64Q 600 1-31 

SI 2 718* -00 5-5 

2020 3165 *20 020 

403 U1 197 

1390 148.6 +16 0.18 

651 TOO +08 309 

844- 907 *00 300 

Nowi Excnatne EG3P 30N 
01-608 9903 - 

Bid Offar Omg YU 

CM 5 Fixed n 1252 130.1 -00 8® 

Growth Equty 2100 2244 *00 2CC 

Guardni 2957 30M +1 £ 309 

N Amarxten 134.7 1433* -1.4 100 

POota 1S6S 20849 *-1.7 DM 

Prapuiy Share 246 5 2833 -00 107 

Smaller Computes 2073 2208* -07 102 
Ewopean Torsi 2Z75 2*2.1 +20 U5 



PO Box 443. 32 Gt Muy*n-HtL London EC3P 

tegh tecoma 
N Amar. Trust . 
Rdcovsry " 

G8L Trust ' 

9 Vteoara tee 
St Vlnoant US Gill 

54.7 587* -01 B2B 

iiia tats* -07 ore 

190 1 2033* *06 2 45 
421 430c -01 804 

• 930 65.9 *04 547 

760 010 *03 072 

Tumw Bar Sm CD'e 1624 Hri .. 327 , 

Tampte Bar USM 3502 8780 . . 209 

Ptanw UT Ad ran. 5. ftaytagh Rd. Snsnwaad 
Essex _ 

0277 217916 I 

Hamaros Sn* Go's 1250 1318 .. 194 

Macros iV Amar eo 732 -00 090 I 

Hamoros Jap ft F E 1010 1070* *04 042 
Hamtwa 3can<Mi 760 81 5 +02 004 

Hamdros Etxtcawn 941 1001* +03 092 : 
tramaro* canusui 478 500 -00 157 

f ff rnioros Equll me 830 993 +03 4 41 

Hanots tegh me 575 810* +03 172 

Karroos rm Aaafi 574 Gi .1 . . 201 

Pruou UT A<*iw*s*menl Ftejnagyi RAHunon 
Bruvwoud Essex 

0277-217230- — 

Stream Sa tec 129 7 138.1 *0.7 

DoAccum 1827 184 6 +11 

Recovery Thai 9S2 105 fi +»fl 

Capnai GrowSi tec 59.7 M2* +06 
■ Do Acaxn 680 730* *07 

Income Assets 1H2 iiB3 +06 
Fxmnl TnBt 1*17 1530 +04 

team'd ft Growth tec M7J 158.7 +07 

Do Accun 283.1 3010 *10 

tegn tecanre Trust 1719 1873c +07 

Extra Income 1610 1720* +07 

Sm**r COS Be 1020 10&6W *03 
fief J fl* 48 7 £2f« *02 

GR Treat 460 48.7 c -0.1 

Fixed merest Trast 55.1 884* *01 
Gtoou Hea a nc are 655 694 -00 

Gtetrel Tech 1100 1160 *01 

OaU 387 «10 

mamukmal 16*0 1750* +10 

GU1U Resouces 650 50 7 
Wortowtea (5) 3503 3702 -01 

AuHT»*an 825 880* -02 

European 237 fi 2S2I* *20 

Euro Smosu COS 875 53.1 +10 

Japan TreM i»7 1*54 -03 

Japan Special Sits 1392 1481 *07 

Paata SmUtet Cos 61 a 9*7» *01 
Snguxn, 2 kttut 21.1 22.0 
Nath Amencan 13B0 1470 -12 

Amu Smaur Cos 523 560* -03 
Amar Rmrety Tsi 1110 1225c -14 

tegn income Exempt 1244 1309 +02 

SraaAu Coe Exenw 1181 120 +01 

Euro Exenrei 115 1 1212* *10 

Jaoan Ejuvnpr (5) 1287 1355 

N Altar MO 906 -06 

Gum T«n ex t5) «9 935 -04 

Paote Exempt ii) no* 1470* +10 

nla Towu. Adtkspamtre Rand. Cropere 
01-686 *3tt 01«a 8011 
Bnwn Truer (Mis £46 1 5610C *20 201. 
Captxl Trust Utaa 98.7 )Qia +02 258 

□tear Trust UMS 181 6 1912* .. 308 

European Trust 1® 5 130 4 +10 0 76 

Far East Tnm <08 9 1159 +08 208 

Capital Trusi Unla 
□tear Truu one. 

Eurooean Tresi 

Far EOSI Treat . , . . . 

FraiXMi Trust 3620 3860* +60 282 

G* *+«o UR Inc 303 310 922 

Do Own 440 47 6 -02 727 

tegn Yxjte Trea 66 1 70« -02 400 

metro Trust 81 4 B8.7C +02 456 

imwirexorul 1150 1102 -0.1 23* 

Japan Tem Tst 34 2 364 *06 041 

Natuai Rasoucea 30.7 32.7* . . . 255 

Secunn Trust .1834 1952 +05 283 

SnrewrCOS 664 920* *03 100 

SfiUOM 543 96 2 1045 *02 234 


32 Quean Ames Gaia. Union SW1H 9AB 
01-222 1000 

191 Bm 6 OSOB5 131 4 1390c *00 1.70 

IB> Hxpi tecoma 54 1 570* . IDfiO . 

igr Se&xnv i34r 564 594* .. 208 

teratnvw Tat Fnd GG6 701c -0.1140 

20 Fe nqnxcn Sl London EES 
01-623 6000 

Amur Grown me 
Do Aaur 
Fund kw r« me 
Oo Accun 
te# Y«H tec 
Do Aaaan 

615 67.7 
653 602 
19.7 21 I 
249 266 
1282 1350 
Do Accum 207 3 2197C 

W ftactwery tec 9T2 1030 

Da Acaxn rot 7 107.8 

Jaoan Growth Inc B50 907* 

Dd Acaxn 658 910* 

Smater COS tec 1509 1610* 

Do Acaxn 1070 2108* 

UK Ea Growth tec 276 298 

Do Aecum 45.7 460 

Wartdrats Tech K 425 45 1 

Do Accun 42 8 464 

-02 506 
-03 .. 
-1 0 245 

*06 .. 
*06 .. 
-00 Wfi 
-0.7 . 
-01 096 

'Nil .. 
+02 .. 

Piunr Phis*. Coctntf Axe. EC3H 7BE 
01-569 2900 

Irxzxr# Fund ®74 062 

mtenunDnal ft Gen 2*08 2468 


S^toig^RoM. Brentwood Essex 

Etulr DnsmCuMn 2723 29i 2 +1 

Do Accum 425 4 455.0 *2 

DO bran* 

Far Eastern 
Off That 
fit Managed 
Natural Res 
, N Amende Trust 
UK Special Sna 

425 4 455.0 
fiOfi 850 
09 0 718 
65 7 91 7 
Bln 86 J* 
726 778 
572 612* 
712 783 
612 65.5 

Reoabors Dpi Oonng-ay-Soa. Wonnmg. W 
0444 459 144 

I Balanced 1811 1 95 Sc *1 0 206 

Lte Accum 322-4 3448 +1.7 206 

Energy HW 460 497 *01335 

Do Accum 512 S4 7 125 

Eroa income 1586 1688 -Ofl 4.93 

Da acoxTi 290 4 2998 +15 493 

Oemun Gat ire 834 676* *00 001 

Da Accum 614 670 *06 GDI 

tewma 2533 2S)B* +14 439 

Da Accum 5iB3 554 J *26 4® 

Inrp Teen 1932 1959 +1 0 <U2 

Do Accum 191 1 204 J +Ofi 002 

Jasan Growth 6? 2 718* *20 002 

Do Aecum 67 4 720* +29 0® 

N Amu ft Oen 1004 1(773 -1 D 006 

Do Acatei 1080 H5 5 -10 008 

Paata Baem 1070 1152 -03 0 26 

Do Accun 1120 1203 -02 038 

smafor Cos A Res 10*6 137. +• -23 1.74 

Bid Odor Chng YU 

Do Acaxn 3080 2209 -05 1.72 

WartdxMM Growth 1BZ2 1943 +10 007 

Du Acaxn 2550 272.7 +10 007 

20 COtm SL London EC2A844X 

EauXy DM 
Do Accum 
G8t Trull 
Oo Accun 

Hah income OW 
Do Accum 

bo Accum 
US Growth 
Do Aeon 

1205 1280 

167.7 1780 
55 1 580- 
5S0 B5.0 

91.7 97 6* 
1050 1113* 

530 56.4* 
540 570* 

Wxmode P»K Exater.EXB IDS 
0392 52155 

Gmal Trent 414 4ft&c *04 200 

teotro Thin 364 59 D* *03 50a 

tetemaaanat Trust 310 314 . . 100 

Three Oum. Tower HI B3R 680 
01-626 4668 
Amar 8 Gen Inc 
Do Accun 
Amar Recovery 
Do Accum 
Am SnAr Cos 
Do Accun 
Amu ft Gan me 
Do Acaxn 
Comm A C«1 tec 
Do Accu n 
Cun vaunt Grown 
Canvetaan Growet 
Do me 

□ream fixid roc 
Oo Acaxn 
European A General 
Do Accun 
Em new tee 
Do Aram 
For Ejmm nc 
Do Accum 
fired 0» te. tec 
Do Acc 

Oanaral teesme 
Do Accimi 
Gte ft fixed tet 
Do Aeora 
Gold team 
Da Aecum 

JApon A Can tee 
Oo Accun 
Jaoan S nuAxr Acc 
HOWiSn tee 
Oo Accun 
Raetwafi FiM Inc 
DO Accun 
Second Gan tec 
Do Acaxn 
Smotar Cm tec 
Da Acaxn 
Treeme Fund tec 
Do Acann 
CtarooM tec OI 
Do Acaxn (34 
OvWxid tee K) 

(te Accun (2) 

Perann Exempt (1) 

UAAOF Inc ® 

Do Aecum (3) 


11. Dotaxatue Sq. London BC2M AYR 

01-623 4273 

tarty Exempt 4050 4230* +20 205 

Do Acaxn 3132 SXM +10 233 

UK MB1XM Features 713 780* +07 105 

Oo Accum 713 712* +0.7 1.65 

Japan Partarmnai 111.6 1190 +02 - v;. 1 

Do Accum 1120 1198 +&3 012 

US soocrel FotmrtA 666 73.1 C +0.1 0.70 

Do Acaxn 692 73 Be +02 OJD 

Goto S Praoaus MM JBA 41.7 -01 1.72 

Do Aecum 397 411 . 1.72 

US Spsanl tec 576 61 4 -04 506 

Do Accun 611 052 -04 80S 

Ewapaen Pert tec Ml m z *09 1.05 

Do Acaxn 802 853 +09 ijh 


es-toa SandHng Up. MaMHMa. Kan ME14.1XX 

06® 674751 

MLA General 335 350 *03 110 

ML A bnenanoatu 11.0 5*09 -07 OSS 

MLAGNUm 24 7 26 1C -C? 9J® 

MLA tecoma 41.1 400o +03 409 

MLA European 29.7 31r4 .. 079 


Grawtn Unn 74.1 717 . . £62 

G* 6 Ftxad tet 1152 1203 . . 7.74 

Ehgn teooroe Unte 112A 1l96* S® 

HU Yield Gte uni 50* BBA ..11.77 

W Growth Umta 11B7 126 1* .. DM 

N Amenean Urtts 69 5 733 . . Oil 

Far East IMIS 820 07 1 .. 0® 

SmUter Coe fix'd 670 72.0c .. 103 


Urwom H®a, 251 RoMkMf Rd. E7 
01-23* 6544 

Moncap 1360 IM 8* *00 4.10 

Bid Oder Chng YM 


1KL Hep* SteML Gteageu G2 2UM 
041 221 9252 

Amencan 1090 1118 -10 U* 

Europaan 2370 2519 +40 069 

SruxSaTCoa «ie.l22*2c +09 1.14 

MANAGERS . ^ .. 

4S.Grecadiixch SL BCafi-HUi: V . 

01023 43*7 Eft 26fl*. . - ' 

NP1 OK ' * "■ 2020 '2«Jo- *09 I0tr 

DO Accun . -3240- 8400c-- +14- 2S0 

NPIOWMMS 5*73 5823*- 403 1.10 

Da'AOllfll - •: W7.8 7J0J. .* 

R* East ACC . 099. 74.4.. +03.030. 

Do- Dial ’ -- 090 743 * -+03 030 

Amencan Acc 96*- Sis -00 1 70 

DO OW MM 600 • -00 130 


PO Box 4. Atarwcn NH1 3NG 

0603 622200 

Group Trust Ell .79 1241 +007 125 

ted Treat 1230 1290* -00 109 

66 . Carnoh flraw, Lcnoon EC4N 6AE 
oeemga 01-236 3U5/6/70V9fO 
fc xanwn orwr ftotah 1390 1490 +05 006 

Incoma 6 Growth 610 674 +04 1 0* 

SpechdSna 83.1 «fi +a3 365 

Amarfcren Qnretn ®t 5Si -04 OS& 

Japan drowdi 810 502c -01 105. 

Euncaan Qrowte B2-B 67.3 +OB 212 

UK Grown 54.7 585 +04 058 

Paata Growth 415 480 • -01 131 

Mgn income 306 320M . . 7 16 

Practical team 910 9*0* -01 121 

DO Accum V& 907* -00 121 , 


251 Hah HCtOOflL WC1V 79 
01-06 9441 

Growth Fans tec 
Oo Accun 
teoonre Fund 
toaE«My fee 
Do Accun 
Una Treat tec 
Do Aceun 

800 Olo* 
mo M2** 
1190 I960* 
1230 1210 
1218 131* 

nu is** 

217.0 2100 


*8. H art Sca aL HarUay On Tbunaa 

0*91 576808 

H Growth 26*6 2880 

team W1 0 SB3.&3 

VWrttMdn ftec 16*0 RK2 

Altar Grown 094 740 

UEmnOVi BOJ 8*4* 

Fir Ea* Qrwtb 67.1 72.1 

Euapaan Gin 570 610 . 

322. e.?5>ocoat». London EC? 
01-3*7 7&Q7 

tetamattonal 1095 117.7* 

Ugh Incoma 178.4 1902c 

Camrftttt 9 97 1018 

Far Eastern M95 rfio.Be 

nmi Amartcan 1380 l**0e 

2104 2231 
1210 130.1 
830 6829 

.. 000 
+M 452 
+08 108 
-03 07V 
-02 090 
+06 1.02 
-02 va 

Space) Su 

51-69. Hard «. Mocd Esan. IG1 2DL 
01-476 3377 

Hoteorn Equity 9870 4212* +80 105 
European 860 %LDc +00 OJS 

Hoaxtm Comma 63 6 57.0 _ .231 

HoteCrti Hk4) IOC 670 7IM +01 542 

HWUoro Inf 910 973 +00 0.72 

Jatwrea* 790 6*3 *00 006 

N Amencan 706 ?5ie .. 072 

HateomSpacSn 650 870 +18 104 

Hoteorn IK Growin 62.0 872 *00 212 

Hoteorn G* Treat 161.0 Idle . . B09 

otflLTSi MMtAODMair ooaMMY " 

31-45 Gramm a Lonoon EC2v 7LH 
01-800 4177 

QuaUsM General 4221 4491M .. £92 

Ouwnra Income 23*1 2880 . 5.06 

Ouecvant ted For 3784 3»«c -01 1.10 
Oadram Heeoxary 2*01 2051* .. 30* 

St 9w«arB Lana. London EC4P 40U 
01-280 6458 . 

NC Amanea Hie 2710 2B&8 -10 1JM 

DO Accum 2920 3100 -1.4 10* 

NC Energy Rea 132 4 ROB +05 209 

NC Income 905 9*2o +02 358 

MG Japan 1894 1750 +10 003 

NC Smanr Cos 1354 i+i.o« -1 1 213 

NC Sm* Europ Oo'i 172* '83.4 *01 005 

NC Exempt Off 
DC Amar Prep 
MC fiopuiy 

EunCO'l 172* '83.4 

VI a £1310 13*0* 

’ Prep 91107 12.16c 

Fir 1730 10299 

AmarQrowtff 980 1042c -00 

DoAccum 101 5 1079c -0* 

amar teegma 41.1 51.1* -05 

Oo Acoxn 503 S-ISS -05 

EuneMnGKMh 1338 1317 +16 

(te Aeon 1Z7.1 13« +1.7 

Ganarai 2520 2680 *31 

DO Aaun *09 S 435 7 *60 

Ca 6 fixed 91 8 927 -03 

Do Accun 1006 'O' A -03 

income filfi 660 Hi 

DoAccum 99 A 951 »<lfi 

narrwonji 3184 wna »tj 

Do Accun 2860 SMB +10 

Jam*! 1369 1456 *10 

to Acme 1401 1430 +10 

«*»*?'> 1»-1 »70» -03 

to Aecum 2070 221. IM -04 

Exantm oar 2*88 2402 

Esemot Aecvm 3511 3704 


CawTtaiofl NML Sow 81. Naad. 8h8teakf SI3HD 
0742 79642 

Caw* meoma 7S1 833 +05 

to Accum 1054 112.4 *00 

CommopMy ft Gan 1110 ii*«e 

to Accun 153 7 1630c 

Extra nun tec 
to Aaaan 
Gte A Ftuta Inc 

Pp Aecum 

HWi Yreu 
Da Accum 
to Aeon 
Jacar * Paata 
Da Aa&m 
N Amutean Inc 
to Aeoui 
Euro Qih inc 
00 Aceun 
Snutar Oa* tne 

761 633 +05 

1054 112.4 +06 

1110 line -10 
153 7 1630C 

59-7 63M +00 
884 730* +02 
560 69.4 -02 

01 J 963 .-03 

154.6 1640e +06 

256 B 2737e +1.0 

1700 1810 *04 

277 I 2960 +13 

2305 2450 *06 

2410 2577 *06 

1076 1147 -00 

1279 138.4 -04 

113* 1200 +14 

057 1447 +1.7 

10*1 1163 *06 


33 Hug WMam Stead London EC4R BAS 
01-688 5678 

Amencan (4) 2185 2220 ,. £08 

Saovatea (21 7000 7i50 .. 147 

Hgh Ytad (5J I860 1710 . . 179 

Marta (5T 3B3S *010 . . 1.70 

Ftxad temmi - 1715 1760* -05 £42 

lugn tetereet . 131 5 tszm .. 11 48 

Far Bret (?) 18*0 1B75 .. 027 


New H« HU Lprerpodi 106 3HS 

051-227 4422 

Co+XY Treat 620 665 c .. 2*6 

Ml Trust 602 720 .. 1.42 

Oft This 214 258 -.707 

US Tran 314 MA -03 108 

PaofcBacaiTB 317 360 .. 000 

ttoyai Lunin House. Crichm* COl IRA 
(BOB 576115 

Amartcan Grow* 373 920 -64 083 

Caul Aceun 10511970 +i 6 £05 
Gtt teom 580 ft£l« -02 132 

rat* tecum 791 6*2 407 406 

1 MM 8 Grow* 880 1O*0te *07 431 

1 JS&XT Grow* 71.7 763* -06 006 

6padW Ska 1(0.4 iO70a *ia 143 

» < WWre?MJ>B wBnl HM IJfljB.... 



toSSwT 473 500 +0.1 16*. 

Enwroy teat 430 480 *02 409 

glropran Grawm 9B4 105.7 +15 0.76 

grimthc Bnd 030 ®-? *0* 457 

Oonl (43) 60S 61IB 403 228 

ExSxSon 301 407 +02 000 

FMWW BS0 994- *02 2* 

G 41 ft FI W 550 5ft0M -0.11ft® 

Mgn RMum UnM 1810 10*.* +11 «ffl 

1S1 Yield Draw 1850 177JJW *ob 401 
IkSk LW8 960 1024 +06 8tB 

biwnnieM Treat - 8*7 go» -01-270 
Wenwonal 1102 1170* *10 347 

Japan Growth 757 80S 408 . ■ 

Japan Burner oat IMS mse +16 

New Taahnuow 
BE AM Grow* 

27 5 29.4c .. 112, 

974 1040 *04 .. 1 

fll .i 96.1 C 400 180 

1299 13*4 402 £19 

1804 1713 *01 37*. 

flco tywldc 
Sana x w n elltxiel 
Smotar Dos Inc 
SmcW Stetedon* 
® a very 
US Grow* 
Universal Growth 

Bid Oflar Chng YM 

1580 1694 +10 332 

7 22 772* +02 169 
1843 16SOW +05 4.19 
SS.5 <02.1 +00 100 

1814 1961 *00 2.19 

737 786 -01 158 

Bid Ufifite *02 1.46 

2030 ?T50o' 409'ZJKr 
: 3243' 3410c- «14> 2S0 
5*73 5823M * 400 1.10 
W-8 7«3. .*0.4,1,10 

699 . 74.4.. +03.030 
094 743 . -+03 030 
960-. SJJ5 -Oft 1 70 
684 600 • -00 170 

B w arprWa House. Portainqutfi 
0795 837733 ■ : 

Amandin Mr . _ . U60 1344c 

Do- Acaxn. I3B7 -13?0e 

AuytratanJno- - - .-62-0- -666 

DO taaxr* W9 7T9 ■ 

fiasoaamtoe -- : Wfci UMa 
Oo- Accun- - • -mi 1T80M. 
Off 8 Find dne - .07.8 007. 

DP Accum- .' - 850 JOB 

□DkhfijadHic-. aaur • 305* 

DO AeXtim . • . 3012 3Ute 
Hcone - 175.7 187a 

Do Accun) 3860 4117 

me Hcone *B ll£0c 

to Acaxn 1*44 1544c 

Jffp amar Co g ta 118 0 1201 
Sxmapora ft Malay 37.7 403 
DoAoaxn 385 41 1 

SmjCxr Co’> HC 1212 13*0 
Oo Acoan 131.7 1*00 

Specad Sm Inc 1030 110.1* 

to Aeon 108.7 114.1* 

Tokyo Fired me ia*2 1970* 

totacun 1882 m 19 
LH Sitatar CDS Ac 588 607c 

1020 1093 
1513 167.1 
8063 9623 
1114 1»l 
5850 «H0 

UK Gouny tec 
_ Do Accun 

’899091 Em 

Pmwure * l 

20 St Aitmewa Sq. Eartsugh 
OJ10S6 91M 

a* tecome Unto 1510 1606* 

Do Accun 2224 2306* 

aoomsH life BMvcamiTs 
10 a Anaewa Sq. Edhaugh 
031 225 2211 

IK Equity 182.4 1K.1C 

American 147* 157.7c 

PaeXlc 1620 192 Be 

Eucpaen 2170 2323c 


109. WnceM SL Gtesgoar G2 9NN 
-Ota-248 8100 

UK Emtey 
Qw & Fold 
UK Sntk Co : 
N Amencan 

i me «5© 

ad 120S 128 7* 

Co e EO 144 6 1930* 

1820 1940* 
M 107 0 1130* 

14(19 148.9* 

29. cnartoae 8q. Edtebwtfi 
031-226 4372 - • • 

Paata ' 81.7 564 +01 033 

World Grow* 3*0 3ft9e -00 1.03 

-N Aleman-- - 317 301 - -02 030 
Harem Fired 457 4fl0C +00 409 


PO Box 9QQ. Edtebugh BH15 6BU 

031-655 6000 

031-655 600 
Pro a (nc 
to Accun 

2310 2460* +05 308 
2880 2830* +00 306 

30 Cey fitL London EC1Y 2AY 
01-838 6011 

Amar Te* A Gan 10*4 1110 

Sac meoma Fnd 
Bpooai SxuxacxT* 
are Grow* 
American Upon 
Smal Cos 
japan Tech a Gan 
teumationai mcunc 

UK Ganaeal 
Euro Growth 
Euro teoome 

15*4 1856* 
1720 1840* 
2132 227 1c 
ns 30.6 
667 740 

37 7 403 

876 940c 
571 Bure 
4866 8313* 
343 38.7 
307 320 
340 380C 


1. Lonoon Ml BUu. London EC2M 5PT 
01-688 3844 Ext 267 - 

Spacer SCx (5) 514 653 -.080 


0 Gsrag* SL EMutfl ER2 2XZ 
'031 22ft 2652 

InctWM lints 250 264a -0.1 245 

Do tacun UnW 27 S 287 A -0.1 356 


<6. Chaiku Go. Edateurgil 

031-226 3271 

AIKMCSI Fund 218.7 2300 -20 201 

to Accum 3434 2S93 -30 201 

to Withdrawal 1580 187.1 -10 £31 

Ausratean fired 1224 iSOBe .. 108 
Oo MOOT 134.1 13200 . . 1 02 

Bran fired 5854 6236 -0.8 409 

to Accum _ TBfiS 8*0.0 . -00 *09 
European Fund 2730 2S1.0 +14 007 

to tacun - 267 6 3065 +£0 fifty 

Japan Fund 2694 2870* +01 007 

Do Aran 270 7 2860* +20 007 

Stents PPP 165.1 1735 : - .. .. 


Sod ASanea Has. Horsham. Succor 
0403 58293 

Equw That Ace 3885 <11 1 +1.1 £29 

N Am Truat Acc sm bob -47 100 

Far E*« Tra» Acc 863 72.e ..OLfiD 


PO Bm 3, Keare Hag . Andowr. Ham. SPi 0 1 PC 
0284 63188 MMmgEiae* 84® 

Anaanear tec 114 3 131.7 -10 1 01 

DO tacum 1190 1260 -1 1 

Extra tecoma Inc 1054 112-1 +1 3 

to Accun 1232 131.6 +14 

General Urut Inc 1330 ltt.7 +13 

to Acaxn £500 2660 +20 

Gte ft Fagd tee 500 5Z7* -O.i 

Do Accun 850 68.6# -00 

tecama ■ ■ 217.7.2317 +i.t 
A ccum 330 3667 +47 

Padta he 13*1 1*20 -fi* 

to Acaxn 1375 Mft2 -00 

imt Inc 287-9 3050# +00 

to Acaxn 
-SMGKK) oppe nc 
Do Acoxn ■ 

' Natural Rm 

to Aaaan 

■ TuggittJuM. QhMicum R d. Aytetbuty toda 

Ame> Eagh 730 710 +42 002 

Austntew 16.1 19 .4 . . 0.10 

Gonwnorjcy M0 73.1 +42 103 

Energy ■ HI M4 -00 1 6* 
Sam 126.7 1364 +1-0 £91 

2177.2917 +1.T 

33*0 3567 +47 

iS4i 1420 -a* 

1374 M60 -04 

2874 SB4* +04 
3550 37B0* +04 
0OLO-OU* +06 
65.7. 690* +00 
424 *S3te 
430 460* 

Camnoqn O0 79-1 

Energy . HI M4 
Sam 126.7 1364 

Ewran Spec Sta 978 10* 0*. 

Extra Income n+.x 1220 

Frewro* 288.7 28*0* 

Gte recanw HD4 118.1 

Goto Inconre 5*6 58.1* 

D6 Accun ■ 1001 100.7* 

B4J* *23 £13 
118.1 -<4 747 

W.1* .. 108 

106.7* 1 68 

06.1* +0.7 491 
854 +00 0.10 

Do BaXiuatt 
P>8f Stare Pd 

Soeoal Sxa 
Worfd teconw 
Wortdwda Capdai 
E«*tT E* 07 

- to Accum (j) 

ere onu CHS yu 

M4 171* .. 150 

807 #60 +00 009 

»J 1050 +00 009 

175 180* . 909 

705 754 +14 1.81 

797 B40 +07 007 

488 514 +OB D 10 
54.6 562* -0.1 £70 
1388 149.1 +00 IfiO 

. 820 873 .. 1.78 

.1530 1830 .. 1.75 

-fi« 100 
—04 T40. 

■ +0-1 106- , 
-03. ft®-: 
-04 BfiO 
-00 ft23" 
-03 R23 
+09 4.78 
+10 478 
♦07 0 71 
+09 071 
+08 0.10 
-aft 174 
-00 1.74 
+00 148 
+09 148 
+19 008 
+10 096 
+14 097 
+44 007 
-04 023 
-O* 208 
-00 Z06 
*01 145 
. 015 

•2. si urey Ana, txredon EC3A BSP 
at S28-S&5 

SrW;'C|>l . 880 .7200 . +07 aio 

Ma t mt in Home, £ Puddh 
3AT • 
ffi-248 ISO 

Amartcan Growth *09 
Ganarai Growth 844 

Gtaote Tech 437 

tow Grow* 810 

.teooma Monthly 48.1 

Japan Grown 3*0 

o loot Growth 4iJ 

Smuta Co* 070 

Speoal On 670 

Dock, London EC*V 

430 -01 0.7ft 

58.1 +02 3.1B 

4 88a *05 0.10 
8*9 +0* 503 

520* +00 738 
380e -01 0.18 
45.0c +01 138 
658* *04 2M 
724 +06 205 


91-49. Naw London Rd, Ctatnafbnf 
0845 51851 

Coiimoa tec tB 
Oo. Aceun [m 
FW dteg Fired f* 
to Acaxn W 
Ftdng Am 8 tor 
to Acaxn (4) 

XS10 4707 
737 0 7677 
*430 Ml* 
9702 2845* 
2440 2002 
2703 2990 

FMUna UK Fired (4) 1753 1840 
SAW Amer (Si 1809 1694 

G A W Sn* Sure 

'609 190.0 
1399 1473* 

18. Caning * Rd. Bnaw 
0272 732241 

to ACC 

to Acoxn 
Far Eearam 
Do Accum 

fin A Prop 
to Aecum 
Gte CapnU 
Do Accum 
ea neon* 

Do Accum 

X Yield 

_ .to Accum . . . 

Ml Eanenga 
Do Accun 
ted Growth 
Do Accum 
Japan Growth Acc 
Natural Resource* 
to Accum 
N Amer Orowm 
to Acc 

to Accum 
Emaaar Coft dm tec 

WHumCaade St. SaWNay SP1 
0722 3383<2 

jgtoag 11 a* 1200 

Paata total 121 0 1283 

N Am* H30 1204 


' 6 * duc * ®WA SEU 

01-236 3003 

Gmnti tee 191 9 2030 

to Accun 27R.7 2360 

HMi VWd 208 6 2224 

' to Acatn - -2060 2224 

SPgoq Sta 404 *34 

to Acaxn *04 *30 

Tranm 1324 1412* 

. 00 OT0 2 ' Z1 

Amur A Gan 57.9 070p 

to Aecum 574 874 

Arrar A Gen 574 87 Sm +Z6 ! 

to Aecum 57-9 874 *2JH 

Mavra *"T**o _ 61.79* +4J1 • 

Abtefl Mm Asia (5) 1064 1130 


American Treat 
For East ft Gen 
h# Growth 
income Trutt 

Japan Gnmai 
Small Companm 


UK Treat 
Europaan Growth 
Hone tong 

684 732 -04 

81 4 960 -13 

701 740 +03 

77.6 B35w +0.3 , 
J»14 IMS +1.0 1 

1200 1263 -10 ; 

302 3B0* *00 1 
46* 484 —Qi 

’ii ’SI i 

E2-1 B5J +04 
210 230* +04 

^ Qurkw sq. bSSSv^ 

031-225 1551 

AuatwuiGoki 16.7 178 

fadta Bean ErwoY i&D 130c -Ol 

Canad ian are Qtn ES0 S9M -oi 

Otente Mta Fnd (1024 1060* -0J 


sn DU an Full 6fi3 880* - 0.1 

grxfcot ‘■Wute, S3. Ktagaway. Ureden W 

01-405 9331 

j^w* &Mty 

Jfifi Sl 7 +01 

K.o +0^ 
®4 36.0 +l,y 

• Ex dividend, c Cum c 
tfwkapk!. ■ Ex stock a 
(ftny two or morn of abov 
MO or more of abov 
vgk Mtfw>%* mMcndi 

SnSSS?*' w ' t| w« 

(20) 25th of month, (21) : 

1st and 3rd 
moron. (23i 20 m of a, 
Tu esda y ol moron. (2S 
™*wkiyot mown. (2S) 
mown. (S7}1st Wsdnaedi 
Last Thwsctey of month, j 

day W mown, rami Hud 

HMMm of moi 

p«) t 



fJffijJi i> fiS£> 






oir Enc keeps up the 
Tarmac momentum 

I&SrST J? a^record *'“1"™°” >"“■ a « 

one if which ail dfyisioSdW 

million on turnover the sector iiuaifiirf if 
up 1 9 per cent to £1.6 billion. fom^2,y fife rf ^ 

This performance, which isanyguiae. 

form is any guide. 

exceeded even the most opti- WMfhnrv 
mistic of Ciiy forecasts, is a 
continuation of a longer term w_ 

improvement in the group's Joiner who lives in 

performance which be£n St ^*Slf^- has #*? ** 
when Sir Eric Fountain. £ Sf™ 11 !!” A *XP ar 
chairman and chief execu- w esibury. a West 

live, took control. UmtotE ™ * 

stewardship profits have buyout for just 

grown from £26.5 million in £ ~lS°. n \? , ° w ^ es *V ry 

son to (rick himsel 

Country housebuilder,' in a 
management buyout for just 
£12 million. Now Westbury 
7978 to the £135 2 million to the stock market 

reported yesterday. Over the JJjSj! P™* 186 of £39 - 2 
same period pre-interest mar- 

gins have risen from 4.2 per The beneficiaries of this 
cent to 10 percent. increase in value are the 

The core of Tarmac's busi- directors and the institutions 
ness is in quarry products, who backed them. Most are 
mainly in Britain and the taking the opportunity of the 
United States, especially offer for sale to sell some of 
Florida. It accounts for more their holdings but the bulk of 
than SO per cent of pre- the shares on offer are being . 
interest profit and grew by 29 issued by the company to 
per cedi in 1986. Much of the raise £12.9 million after ex- 
improvement came from the Pauses of £1.1 million. 

lSS°L 0f '?* h ^ nE ^ This inflow of funds will 
i?? n Lf lar m have a dramatic effect on 
1985, and the balance came Westbury's balance sheet 
from further tightening of the which would otherwise look 
cost base Further improve- stretched. Borrowings now 
ments in 1986 are exported stand at £20.2 million, up 
because of strong demand for from £14.5 milli on in Febru- 

building materials generally. 

The star performer in 1 985 
was housebuilding. More 
than 9,000 houses were sold 
compared with 7.128 in 1984, 
allowing a 44 per cent in- 
crease in pre-interest profit to 
£34.7 million. Tarmac ex- 
pects to build more than 
10.000 homes in 1986, and it 
looks forward to ousting 
George Wimpey as the big- 
gest British builder of houses. 
The sale of Plascom, at an 

ary, against shareholders' 
funds of £9.5! million. After 
the offer for sale, the gearing 
ratio will be only 33 per cent 

The high level of borrow- 
ings reflects both the histori- 
cal lack of retained earnings 
as a privately owned compa- 
ny and the size of the land 
bank. Assuming Westbury 
keeps up the same output as 
last year, when it built 1,700 
houses;, it owns enough land 

lire sale ui riascom, ai an see it through for neariv 
opportune time in the light of two-and-a-half years. It also 

f !£» ,0 Jii LSI! and conditional 

pnee, has left the oil and contracts over a further two 
industrial division with years’ supply, 
mainly bitumen refineries. 

An estimated £8 million of While this may suggest that 
the £11.5 million earned by Westbury is something of a 
this division came from this punter jjn land prices or less 
source. Lower oil prices 
should not only allow mar- 
gins to improve but should 
also enable a greater amount 
of road building within local 

than efficient in its controls, 
the rest of its operation looks 
very solid. Margins are un- 
usually high, given that half 
the output is aimed at the 

authorities' budgets, allowing first-time buyer. Last year. 

demand to increase. 

Within its core activities 
the company continues to 

profits before interest were 
£6.6 million, or 1 1 3 per cent 
of sales. Interest charges were 
£231 million, leaving the 

dispose of peripheral busi- VST 

nesses and acquire new ones P«« “tal at £4.26 million. 

which meet the criteria of 
return on capital. In 1985 
disposals exceeded acquisi- 
tions. but ibis is unlikely to be 
the case next year. 
Thermalite was snatched 
from under its nose, but 

There is no forecast for this 
year, but the company should 
continue to make progress. It 
expects to sell only 100 more • 
houses but margins should 
rise as the company increases 
its exposure to the South-east 

doubtless other opportunities and moves upmarket It also 

will arise. 

Analysts are looking for 
further advances in 1986 to 

plans to cut costs by £500,000 
in the next two years. 

For the longer term, there 

Estates & General 


Property Investment and Development 


Extracts from the statement by foe Chairman, PB. Prowting:- 

“ An other record pre-tax profit of £1 -4m. Veiy successful issue of £5m 
1 J V6% First Mortgage Debenture 201 8. Company has solid base for further growth. 

Copies of the Report and Accounts available from the Secretary, 

51 Green Street, /“tayfair, London W1Y3RH. Telephone 01 -409 1 787 Tdex 262863 

Redfeam National Glass 

“ ff Aal progress is being made ” 
Interim Statement 

fnrJ6 ircxabs endt'il juJSanrk 1966 

26 weeks :»«*«** 

ended ended 

30 March 1086 'll Man* L«6 


Profit (loss) on ordinary activities 
before taxation 

Profit l loss') on ordinary activities 
after taxation 
Extraordinary items* 

Profit , (loss) for the financial period 

^Profit (.loss) per ordinary share 
Ordinary Dixidend per share 


52 weeks 

20 Set* I HUS 





Mr. John Pratt, Chairman, reports: 

5 ie A significant tumround in net profits. 

* Interim dividend of lfip (1985: nil) 

* The plastic division broadened its product range and widened 

its customer base. 

3 ? \Ye are looking ahead to the company’s further development in 
selected areas of packaging industry. 


Monk Breiton, P.O. Box 7, Barnsley, South Yorkshire, S71 2QG 

Index soars by nearly 26 points 

are plans to branch out into 
low-cosi local authority hous- 
ing and retirement homes. 
And the non-executive chair- 
man, Mr David Winch, for- 
merly of Tarmac, has plenty 
of acquisition ideas. 

At I45p. the shares are 
being offered on 12.6 times 
pro forma historic earnings 
which is low enough to 
ensure a wide spread of 
investment interest. 


Tooial promised its share- 
holders £27 million pretax 
profit for the year to January 
31 as pan of its defence 
against the unwelcome bid 
from Enlrad, the Australian 
textile group. 

Shareholders' loyalty was 
vindicated yesterday when 
Tooial announced a pretax 
profit of £27.4 million. 20 per 
cent above the I9S4/5 result 
of £22.9 million. 

The share price now stands 
at 102p, well above the 78p 
Entrad got for the sale of its 
holding when it finally aban- 
doned its interest in Tooial 
towards the end of last year. 

Beating off the bid ab- 
sorbed a considerable 
amount of management time 
and effort, but with the 
appointment of Mr Geoffrey 
Madrell earlier this year, the 
stage is now set for more 
aggressive expansion. 

After the management 
changes, Tootal sees its main 
strength as being an interna- 
tional textile company. In a 
business where costs are ev- 
erything, the ability to obtain 
materials from the cheapest 
source is key to market 

Tootal is one of the world's 
largest sewing thread suppli- 
ers. Thread, which accounts 
for more than 50 per cent of 
pre-interest profit, showed a 
14 per cent decline in 1 985/6, 
due entirely to adverse cur- , 
rency movements. 

Approximately 50 per cent 
of textiles profits of £8.5 
million was earned from the 
supply of waxed batik fabric, 
mainly to West Africa. 

Excluding batik. Tootal's 
position in textiles is small 
but profitable. 

Low cost sources are also 
important in the clothing 
sector where profits nearly 
doubled in 1985/6 to £3.9 
million. In addition to sup- 
plying Maries and Spencer, 
Tootal raenswear and Raysil 
and Slimma womenswear are 
the main activities. 

Assuming further pretax 
profit advances to £29 mil- 
lion in 1986/7, Tootal is on a 
prospective multiple of 10.4 
times earnings. With a yield 
of 53 percent, the shares are 
strongly supported. 

Institutional investors re- 
turned in force yesterday, 
encouraged by a firm Wall 
Street, the strong pound, 
hopes that the ADR tax 
penalty would be relaxed (it 
was) and the general health of 
the economy in the shape of 
falling inflation and cheaper 

The FT 30-share index rose 
by 25.9 points to 1.391.2 — 
one of the highest one-day 
rises on record — while the FT- 
SE 100 climbed by 27.5 to 

Cheerful profits news from 
the building groups Blue Cir- 
cle and Tarmac were addition- 
al stimulants. 

Bine Circle led the field with 
a 43p jump to 7I6p, helped by 
better-ihan-cxpected profits 
and the absence of a rumoured 
rights issue. Tarmac produced 
profits up by 24 per cent, 
taking the shares Sp higher at 

Guinness, recently de- 
pressed by the battle for 
Distillers, rebounded I7p to 
3l3p. ICI jumped 1 5p to 934p 
on hopes that the ADR tax 
will be reduced and two other 
US favourites. Jaguar at 466p 
and Renters 4S8p, improved 
by about I2p for a similar 

UK fights 
for Euro 

By Teresa Poole 

The Government yesterday 
launched an aggressive cam- 
paign to win Britain its first 
permanent European Econom- 
ic Community office with a list 
of four possible London sites 
for the community trade 
marks office. 

Stiff competition is expected 
from Germany, the Nether- 
lands and France, but British 
officials argue that it is 
Britain's turn to provide a 
major community facility. 

The Government has also 
made it dear that financial 
support — such as rates and 
rent holidays — will be avail- 
able if London is the chosen 

The proposed sites are St 
Katherine by the Tower, 
Cockspur Street SWL, Central 
Harrow and Central Croydon. 
Apart from the Cockspur 
Street scheme, which would 
involve a refurbishment, the 
proposals are for new purpose- 
built offices at a cost of about 
£15 million. 

The site considered most 
suitable will be put forward 
when bids from member states 
are formally invited by the 
community in about three 
months' time. This is the first 
time that the Government has 
lobbied so fiercely for a com- 
munity office. 




By Richard Lander 

Redfeam National Glass 
gave further confirmation of 
its recovery yesterday by de- 
daring an interim dividend for 
the first time in four years. 

The Yorkshire manufactur- 
er of glass and plastic contain- 
ers is paying 15p a share after 
turning in a pretax profit of 
£306,000 in the six months to 
March 30 against a loss of 
£ 688.000 in the same period 
last year. 

The encouraging first ha 
follows a strong second six 
months last year which result- 
ed in a £1.08- million annual 
pretax profit and a 2p final 

Both the glass and the 
plastics divisions emerged 
from the red in the first half 
hot Mr Arthur Church, the 
chief executive, said overca- 
pacity in the glass container 
market had led to stiff compe- 
tition. This prevented price 
increases planned for January 

Describing the dividend as a 
cautions one, Mr Church said: 
“Until we know what is going 
to happen to competition in the 
glass industry, we would like 
to have a full year's results 
under our belts before deciding 
our dividend policy". 

He also said Redfeam's 
financial situation had im- 
proved after the £1.65 million 
refund from company pension ■ 
schemes allowed last October! 
by the Inland Revenue.! 
Redfeam shares, which have 
more than doubled in the last, 
six months, added 12p after! 
the results hot slipped back tol 
dose unchanged at 211p. I 

reason. Wellcome recovered 
6p to 1 9 ! p ahead of 
Thursday's interim statement. 

In contrast. Beecham fell 8p 
to 405p as the ICI chairman 
dampened recent bid specula- 
tion. In firm eleciricals. GEC 
rose 14p to 208p as de Zoete 
recommended the shares to 
institutions. Hanson Trust ral- 
lied !2p to 179p after recent 
weakness caused by the Imps 

Strong banks had Natwest 
up 20p to 8S5p after the 
chairman's optimistic state- 
ment at the annual meeting. 
Lloyds Bank, which has sold 
its Californian interests for 
£170 million, was I5p higher 
at 609p. Insurances scored 

gains into double figures, with 
Royal 1 Sp up at 932p. 

Marks and Spencer gave up 
2p to 2I4p. ahead of results 
next month, while Tate and 
Lyle, reporting ioday. lost Sp 
to 633p. 

Costain, anticipating 
todai's figures, improved by 
I6p to 532p. British Aero- 
space at S60p. up lOp and 
Burmah. 20p higher at 358p. 
reflected favourable recom- 
mendations from at least three 
big brokers. 

The reorganization plans 
announced on Monday boost- 
ed Johnson Matthey by a 
further I7p to l80p. Farnell 
gained ?p to 2l0p ahead of 
today's figures and 9.5 million 



Aboon M V (180p) 
Asfltey (U (l35p) 
BPP (1 sop) 

Brook mount (160p) 
Chancery Secs [63f 
Coro 9% A 2000 
Cranswicfc M (SGp) 
Davies OV (ISopi 
Dtalene fl28p) 
Ferguson (J) (10p) 
GoW Gm Trot (165r 
Granyte Surface 1 56 
Green (E) (I20p) 
ipeco (I20p) 

21B +3 
211 +3 
190 *2 

£30‘j *3, 
199 +10 
IBS +3 
203 +3 

JS Pa mo logy |160 d) 
Jams Poner (I05pi 
KieartoitJ (ll8p) 

Lee Inti <180p) 
Lexicon (ll5p) 

Lodge Cara (7 Op) 
Macro- 4 (lD5p) 
Menvale M (115s) 
Norank Sys (90p) 
Realty Useful (330p) 
SAC inn (100pj 
SPP (125p) 

Spiasn Prods (72p) 
Temoieton (2t5p) 
Sigmex riOlp) 

Spice (B0p) 

123 +7 
158 -A 

91 -2 
126 +8 

company's 50 per ceni-owned 
computer services arm. Com- 
puter Power, has formed a joint 
venture with Western 
Australia's Ran Data Corpora- 
tion. which will have AusS2J 
million (£1.05 million) of out- 
side capital. The new companv 
has been set up to market Ran 
Data's telemetry security sys- 
tems for the remote surveillance 
of buildings against fire and 

The company has acquired 89 
percent ofLM (Money brokers L 
which was set up to conduct the 
stock exchange money-broking 

1 business previously carried on 
by Laurie. Milbanicand Co. The 
price was £2.7 million in cash 
and the issue of £6.2 million in 
loan notes. Further capital of 
£10 million has been injected 
into LM (Money brokers). 

dividend for the year to Jan. 2b. 

1 98b. 2.4p (nil ). T umover £4. 1 7 
million (£3.08 million). Pretax 
profit £627,000 (£495.000). 

Earnings per share 9.5p (1 1.8p>. 
The board reports that the group 
should benefit in the current 
year from both the Common- 
wealth Games and the Royal 

• ROTAPRINT: The company 
plans to raise about £2 million 
(before expenses); £979.000 will 
be raised by a rights issue of 
ordinary Vsp shares and £1.02 
million by a placing of ordinary 
■^p shares. The directors es-. 
umate a further loss before tax 
for the year ended March 29, 
1986. of £1.17 million, after 
charging special and exceptional 
items ot£5 1 5.000. No dividends 
will be paid for that period. 

est move by the company to 


rationalize its assets has been 
the sale for AusS2J million 
(£1.1 million) of 10 per cent of 
its interest in Queensland Mer- 
chant Holdings, a tourism and 
leisure group. 

April 28. KJeinwon. Benson 
purchased for its own account 
200.000 Berisford shares at 
25 3p. 150.000 shares at 256p 
and 300.000 shares at 256*>«p. 
KJetnworL which is deemed to 
be acting in concert with 
Hillsdown, has now bought 
22.55 million shares (11.78 per 

• CECIL GEE: Dividend 2.8p 
(same) for the year to Jan. 25. 
1986. Turnover £23.3 million 
(£20.65 million). Pretax profit 
£510.000 (£822.000). Earnings 
per share 5.8p (8.9p). 

Surer has increased its holding 
of ordinary shares to 9.12 
million (7.23 per cent). 

DNA Ltd has sold 125.000 
shares in the company, reducing 
its interest to 1.17 million shares 
(37.88 percent). 

• YULE CATTO: Total pay- 
ment 7p(6p) for 1 985. T umover 
£117.31 million (£128.78 mil- 
lion). Pretax profit £10.18 mil- 
lion i£ 12.01 million). Earnings 
per share, net basis, 23. 1 p 
(22.7pk .Assets per share 25 lp 


• ARLEN: The company has 
conditionally agreed to buy the 
Columbia Companies from 
Messrs George and Robert Rob- 
bins for an initial consideration 
of £780.603. to be satisfied by 
the issue of LIS million or- 
dinary shares ( 1 5.65 per cent of 
the capital as enlarged by the 
acquisition). Aden's directors 
estimate the fiinher consid- 
eration will not be more than 

shares were easily placed in 
Ferranti, 6p firmer at 1 34p. 

Wedgwood added 7p more 
to 375p on the rejection of the 
London Imehiational terms. 
Tozer Kemsley remained m 
favour at 17 Ip. up I5p, but a 
recent newcomer. Lee inter- 
national continued to decline 
at 1 56p. down 6p. The shares 
were offered at 1 80p. 

United Newspapers spurted 
28p to 373p after the annual 
report. Bumper profits lifted 
Barham 4p to I66p. while 
recent good figures helped 
Whatman Reeve to another 
20p gain, at 29Sp. Speculative 
interest excited Fine Arts at 
!43p. up 1 1 p and Alexon, 1 3p 
higher at I40p. 

Tech Comp (130 
Underwoods (18< 
Wellcome (120pl 
Wicfces (140p) 

Bensons Crisps N/P 
EIS N/p 
Greycoat N/P 
Hartwells N/P 
Irrtf Leisure N/P 
Low & Bonar N/P 
Share Drug N/P 
Turner & Newad N/P 
(Issue pree in brackets). 

• ROPNEJfc Total dividend for 
1985 6.5p (6.25pL Turnover 
£57.08 million (£56.71 million). 
Pretax profit £6.4 million (£7.97 
million). Earnings per share 

The chairman. Mr D R Stevens, 
purchased 750.000 ordinary 
shares at 336p on April 23. 

sale on April 28. 1986. of 55.000 
income shares means that 
investment clients managed and 
advised by Greene and Co are 
beneficially interested in 
592.250 capital shares and 
125.000 income shares, equiva- 
lent to 21.1 per cent of the 
voting rights. 

TRUST: Total dividend for the 
year to March 31. 1986. 2p 
( 1 . 1 5p). Pretax profit £ 1 .25 mil- 
lion (£848.000). Earnings per 
share 2.09p (1.26p). Net asset 
value per share 55.28p ( 1 1 l-4p). 

Half-year to Dec. 31. 1985. 
Gross revenue £1.3 million 
(£1.15 million). 

TRUST: Proposed one-for-one 
scrip issue. Year to Feb. 28, 
1986. Total dividend 3.5p (3p). 
Pretax profit £278.000 
(£238.000). Earnings per share 
3.75p (3.2p). Net asset value per 
share I32.75p(ll2.92p). 

COMPANY': Eastern Produce 
(Holdings) recently bought a 
further 575.000 shares, lifting its 
interest to 1.93 million ordinary 
shares (27.64 per cent). 

company has disposed of Tor- 
bay Garden Laundry. Paignton, 
Devon, for £350.000 cash. The 
net book value of Torbay's 
assets is £202.000. 

Enfranchisement hopes 
prompted another 30p ad- 
vance in Gus “A?J a * L075p. 
Ra titers put or another 7p to 
16 Ip after recenrdOitninenL 
Good profits from up 
5.5p to I02p. helped .other 
textiles into higher! 
Coartaulds, at 280p anaP* K - 
son, at 244p were amongwpse 
to climb by 9p ana‘.l*P 
respectively. 1'v- 

Rotaprint dropped from 
to 2p on the refinancing, 
proposal, but later rallied m 
5p - a net fall of a penny. ' 
Rose ha ugh. at 605p. rebound- 
ed 45p after last week's 
which followed the rights is- 
sue. Stock Conversion w« 
hoisted 17p to 745p, still 
hoping for higher bid terms 
from P & O, 1 Sp better at 

Incbcape improved I Op to 
3£8p after comment on 
Monday's result Lower prof- 
its from Y’nle Catlo foiled id 
depress the shares, which 
dosed 28p higher at 188p, 
supported by the increased 

Fairline Boats climbed 25p 
to 208p, reflecting favourable 
comment Helical Bar was 
hoisted 12p to 180p on asset- 
injection hopes; 

listing for 
US Life 

By Alison Eadie 

US Life Corporation, a life 
assurance company valued at 
$850 million (£550 million) 
on the New York Stock Ex- 
change, will obtain a London 
listing for its shares today. 
KJeinwon Benson, the mer- 
chant bank, is handling the 

US Life wants access to 
European money markets to 
lake advantage of lower inter- 
est rates in repladng its debL 
The listing will also increase 
the company's exposure to the 
international investment 
community, according to Mr 
Gordon Crosby, chairman 
and chief executive. 

US Life already has several 
European institutional shares 
holders, but it has no immedi- 
ate intention of selling its 
products in Europe. With hs 
base in New York. US Life is 
one of the relatively few 
American life companies to do 
business in all 50 states. 

The company intends to 
maintain its 10-year record of 
an annual 15 per cent return 
to shareholders, including 
share appreciation and 

Net income in 1985 was 
$76.2 million, up 6.3 percent 
on 1984. Net income in the 
first quarter of 1986 was $27.1 
million against $16.5 million. 

O Blue Circle Reports 



w vl 



hit ponfolio card check tout 
pnce- movements. Add mem 

. you your overall t «aL check 

inn the daily dividend figure 
' on tins page. If it matches you 
ouuigbt or a share of the ipul 
prize money stated. If you are a 
r fbilow the claim procedure on the 
of your card. You must always have 
card available when ctaimsag. 

g) Thiel IW ri 

• £ 4,000 

Qaims required for 
+37 points 

CUunantssbould ring 0254-53272 



oM'KSKSiS. Sr* +* ^.unb-i 

15'» MPa Scwodrei £13% •+* • 30.7 23 103 

35. S3 Baffin 3t AU»»n -SO -1 1.0 26 *■ 

AM 419-SndCIWI M9 •♦12 *|* _|£ 

>11 813 Uracn 773 St* 64774 

02'. 43% Wafa Fkrjp £»% -*♦ ■- v. ■ ■ 

« srn- wtavurt 273 7.1 24 17.4 

NUljl Foods 

Allied Conoids 






Mc/Upne (Alfred) 

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1R2 »7 BiOnsr (M n 

800 «6 BummnMnw 

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204 10S GWsral WM»y 
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251 217 MortMd »g 

2*8 153 64 Bu m* ran Ira 
23* 103 Sax 3 Now TO 

39'. SPt Saipan ESJ 

5*0 3S3 VH ® 

313 223 Whfaraad ‘A TO 
315- 228 Do ff 2K 

251 IBB WMttmiad *1* ** 

505 410 W u NINWI 3D *83 
315 195 voong ■*■ 305 

-2 115 3.7 184 

♦7 214 24 17.1 

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»+r *« aa ibd 

200 42 17.0 

74 4.1 132 

143 2J 124 

.. 107 8.1 20.6 

*5 1*6 23236 

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*3 76 3 .1 16-7 

+17 103 33 114 
-g 24 1 S3 123 

8. . 29 X* 172 

B .. 54 4.1 104 

+6 BlO 14 .. 
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S.1 37 1X6 

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+15- ISO -34 17.7 
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Start-up entrepreneurs 
face a cut in salary 


The 1986 entrepreneur is 
most likely to be an ex- 
manager, aged over 35, with a 
professional qualification or 
degree and about £50,000 to 
invest Taking the entrepre- 
neurial route -will also proba- 
bly mean taking a cut m 
salary. . 

A major problem is lack of 
both personal and external 
finance. So, less expectedly, is 
die Lack of a suitable manage- 
ment team, identified as a 
fnoblem by 40 per cent of 
those in a new survey profiling 
the typical entrepreneur. 

The survey, by Mori, the 
pollster, covered entrepre- 
neurs receiving help from the 
British Venture Capital Asso- 
ciation, which commissioned 
it One in three of the entre- 
preneurs identified quality 
and drills of management as a 
major problem. 

According to the survey,“If 
you wish to raise' venture 
capital you will need a proven 
management team and be 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

prepared to invest a signifi- 
cant sum personally and to 
take a salary cut Having done 
this, you should be able to 
look, forward to a major 
growth in your investment - 
and a lot of hard work." 

Personal investment by en- 
trepreneurs varies considera- 
bly- One in four invested less 
than £10,000 and one in seven 
more than £100.000. The in- 
vestments seem to have been 
successful, with about half 
those surveyed valuing their 
present stakes at more than 
£200,000, while one in five 
thought their shares were 
worth more than £1 million. 

Excluding the investment in 
their own businesses and any 
pension fund entitlements, 
half those questioned estimat- 
ed their persona! net worth at 
more than £200,0001 

Most seemed content with 
growth in the value of their 
shares rather than taking high 
salaries. About 64 per cent 
have annual salaries — includ- 

ing the effect of fringe benefits 
— of less than £43.000 while 
another 23 per cent are in the 
£40.000 to £60,000 bracket. 
Only 1 per cent receive more 
than £100,000. 

One in three of those sur- 
veyed identified taking a sala- 
ry out and lack of financial 
skills as problems. But few 
were worried about loss of 
status, family opposition or a 
lack of suitable business ideas. 

Injections of venture capital 
led to turnover increases in 
three out of four ventures, and 
half reported a big effect on 
numbers employed. On aver- 
age it meant taking on be- 
tween 30 and 40 workers. 

About 60 per cent of those 
in the survey had increased 
their investment in product 
development, improved their 
sales and marketing effective- 
ness and enlarged their pro- 
duction capacity. But four out 
of 10 felt that finding addi- 
tional capital could pose a big 

Computer voice gives rating 

A speaking computer is 

By Our Industrial Editor 

„ .__nput 

being used in a low cost 
company information service 
on offer from today by Dun & 
Bradstreet, which claims to be 
the world’s biggest credit refer- 
ences agency. 

The agency has been operat- 
ing a similar service from its 
United States headquarters 
for two years, but it says that 
this is the first time the latest 
voice technology has been 
used for credit references in 

The telephone service, 
called DunsVoice, uses the 
recorded voice of a British 
actress. Information is given 
on such hems as a company’s 
credit rating, its latest ac- 
counts and whether it has 
county court judgments 
against it This enables an 
assessment to be made on 
whether it would be an accept- 
able company with which to 
do business. 

Normally a credit search on 
a company costs from £1 5 but 

the new service will mean an 
average cost of £6 to £7. 

It would enable frequent 
checks on a company to be 
made, and should be especial- 
ly useful to those like whole- 
salers dealing with a large 
number of comparatively 
small accounts. 

Dun & Bradstreet has about 
1 .4 million British limited 
companies on its database, 
and subscribers to its service 
have to pay a minimum of 
£150 to buy units, 


Steetley names new 
deputy chairman 

Sieeilev; Mr J S Kerridge 
has become deputy chairman. 

Mintex Don: Mr George 
Cartwright has been made 
managing director. 

Comey and Barrow: Mr 
Nicholas Stanley is to become 
managing director. 

The Goodyear Tyre & Rub- 
ber Company (Great Britain): 
Mr Robin J. Bailie, a former 
Minister for Industry and 
Commerce, has become a 
non-executive director. 

UK Petroleum Industry As- 
sociation: Mr J KLootwjjk 
(Shell) has been elected presi- 
dent Mr R E Lintott (Esso) 
and Mr N G Roden (Conoco) 
are vice-presidents and Mr C 
S. Walsh (Elf) treasurer. 

CifenMr ED is Conway has 
joined the company as sales 
and marketing director. 

EUis Conway 

Peterborough^Data Process- 

H Clarkson Holdings: Mr 
M J Wade has been made a 

ing Services: The new board 
comprises Mr Ian K Evans- 
Gordon (chairman), Mr David 
Laking (group managing di- 
rector), Mr Tony Bews, Mr 
Sandy Scott, Mr Peter 
Presland and Mr Michael 
Barton (vice-chairman). Mr 
Burton, Mr Laking. Mr Bews 
and Mr Scon are also on the 
board of Peterborough 

Tl Group: Mr Howard J 
Atkins is to join the company 
as chairman and managing 
director of the domestic appli- 
ances division, succeeding Mr 
Sinclair Thomson. 

Manufacturers Hanover Ex- 
port Finance: Mr John A 
Greaves, Mr Tony Crowther- 
Green and Mr John F Kemp 
have become executive 

Debenhams: Mr Bob Fal- 
coner has been named as 
director of stores operations. 

Alexander, Hughes & Asso- 
ciates UK: Mrs Elaine Sun- 
derland and Mr James 
Hollins have become directors 
in the consumer marketing 

John Laing Construction: 
Mr Alan Chaney becomes 
director of finance and Mr 
Peter Spriggs assistant direc- 
tor of finance. 

National Westminster 
Bank: Mr Michael Porter has 
been appointed executive di- 
rector for the bank's City 

Linklaiers &. Paines: Mr 
Alan Barker, Mr Stephen 
Bough ton, Mr Michael Can- 
ty, Mr Anthony Grundy. Mr 
Raymond Jeffers, Mr Christo- 
pher Johnson-Gilbert, Mr 
Keith Thompson and Mr Tom 
Wethered have joined the 





Vacandw exist far ttam partOm* pratanon 
commencing October 1S86 or by anaagaraant 
■anumemtkin up to E13£00 acooning to sanfee pravittad. 

ttw Oaontmant oi Buawfie sna Economcs e a raotfy giDwiuig and oawioang desairment . 
amennv t&acnas one* 500 jnoeiqraaiaie ana rxEjyaaujNe si loots vwn a txoaa merest « 
tMsnese ana brace and soeotc newels n management, aurmewawin. bankng. economcs 
■naming organzanonai oaronGtir ana anaiyas. oumecs ootev oereonnei management, 
redustnai retoioro a cc aw a ncy braoat management, nveawnam ana cajwa marvels 

mternwl anquMaa Id PiBiaaaor Hogar ManrtaM. Head rt OM ati M W i 
CnrttH [0Z22] 371200. 

Further Damcuiars mj x&cacr) torn taasng dam 3ia uay iSGtyhom 
Sratfmg Oncer UWfST PO Bd* CarOtf CFl 3XA : 
Telephone Catnfl £0222] 4Z586 ed’3h2 [plate ouoe rpt&pKe OS » 


C.V.G. Batcrit a Ve nezolana C.A. 

Los Pijiguaos Mining Project 


BAUXIVEN, a Venezuelan state c ompan y subrid' 
iary of Corperatidn Venezolana de Guayana (C.V.G.), 
in charge of developing a project for mining 3 million 
metric tons of bauxite annually, invites ap p lic at ions 
for prequalification from contractors interested in the 
following bids: 









Equipment supply and construction of a 
generating station with 4 diesel units of 
5 MW each. 

Equipment supply and construction of 3 
electric substations with a total capacity 
of 25 MVA. 

Materials supply and construction of 
four transznision lines at 34.5 kv and 
13.8 kv and to total length of 76 km. 
Equipment supply and construction of a 
port with a loading capacity of 3,600 
metric tons per hour, on the Orinoco 
river at a site known as El Jobal, 
Distrito Cedeno, Estado Bolivar. 
Construction of various industrial 
buildings with a total area of about 
12,000 square metres. 

Equipment supply and construction of a 
4.1 km, down hill conveyor belt system 
with a capacity of 1,600 metric tons per 

Equipment supply and construction of 
mineral hoiyflmg facilities capable of 
stockpiling and loading bauxite in 
railway wagons at the rate of 3,600 
metric tons per hour. 

Construction of offices, workshops, mid 
storage and industrial services facili t i e s 
at the mining site. 

BAUXIVEN has received a loan from the 
Uteramerican Development Bank (IDB) to partially 
finance the project, and this invitation is limited to 
legally incorporated in countries that are 


members of that Bank. 

Starting May 9th, 1986, project and bid general 
information and prequalification terms of reference 
will be made available for a fee of Bs. 1,000 (one 
thousand Botivares) payable in cash or b y cash iers 
cheque, to firms which request them m writing. 

BAUXIVEN will receive the prequalification appli- 
cations in a public act according to the following 









June 17 
June 16 
June 16 
June 23 
June 09 
June 23 
June 24 
June 09 

10 am. 

10 am. 

03 pm. 
10 am. 
10 am. 
03 pm. 
10 am. 
03 pm. 

Delivery of information and terms of reference, and 
receipt of applications will take pface at theofficesof 
BAUXIVEN located in the 4th floor of Edificio 
General, Avenida la Estancia, Cbuao. Caracas. 

Law Report April 30 1986 

Commission’s disclosure of 

finance plans is lawful 

▼ Monopolies aad 
Mergers Commission, Ex par- 
te Elders IXL Ltd 
Before Mr Justice Mann 
[Judgment given April 29] 

The Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission had acted properly 
in deciding to disclose to a 
company being acquired the 
details of the bidder's financing 
plans which had been submitted 
to it, Mr Justice Mann held in 
the Queen'S Bench Division. 

His Lordship dismissed an 
application by. Elders IXL Ltd 
for judicial review of the de- 
cision by the commission to 
disclose to representatives of 
Aliied-Lyons pic the contents of 
chapter 7 of Elders' submission 
to the commission made in the 
course of an. investigation by the 
commission pursuant to the 
Fair Trading Act 1973 following 
upon a merger reference made 
to the commission on behalf of 
the Secretary of State for Trade 
and Industry under the AcL 
Chapter 7 contained details of 
new financing arrangements in 
relation to Elders' revised bid, 
including how the renewed bid 
would be financed, an indica- 
tion of the final bid and details 
a f how the initial bank loan 
woold be refinanced on a longer 
term basis . 

Mr Robert Alexander, QC. 

“ “ 1 Mr 

Mr David Oliver, QC and 
Mark Howard for Elders; Mr 
Mark Li Oman, QC, Mr John 
Mummery and Mr Adrian 
Hughes for the commission; Mr 
John Swift, QC and Mr Stephen 
Richards for Aliied-Lyons pic. 

that under sections 69(1 Kb) and 
75(2) and (4Mc) of the 1973 Act 
the commission mist investi- 
gate and report upon the ques- 
tion whether the prospective 
results of the ar r ange ments in 
contemplation would, if those 
arrangements had been made 
and the results occurred before 
the date of the reference, give 
rise to a situation which “op- 
erates or may be expected to 
operate against the public 

copy oi 

laid before Parliament and the 
secretary of state would decide 
whether the bid was or was not 
to proceed. 

Section 133 contained general 
restrictions on dadosure of 

The commission's decision 
was attacked on the ground that 
the commission was guilty of 
procedural impropriety in that 
the decision to disclose was 
unfair to Elders in that its 
interest in non-disclosure was 
hot sufficiently taken into ac- 
count and on the ground that 
disclosure would contravene 
section 133(1) of the Act. 

His Lordship formed the view 
that it was difficult to appreciate 
the commission's decision with- 
out reading chapter 7. The 
interests of justice required that 
it should be disclosed in camera. 

There was no dispute but that 
in the performance of its 
inquisitorial function the 
commission must act fairly to 
the parties concerned. Fairness 
.was a flexible concept whose 
content was dependent upon the 
context which was under 

There was no set of rules of 
fairness which was applicable to 
all investigative processes. 
There was no general rule that 
one party to an investigation 
should be given an the material 
submitted by another party. 

What was fair in relation to a 
particular process and to a 
particular situation was for 
determination by the court. ( 

The complaint was that the 
commission focused upon fair- 
ness to Allied and did not 
sufficiently take account of die 
disproportionate harm which 
could thereby be caused to 
Eiders by a revelation of the 
financial arrangements. 

Those considerations of fair- 
ness arose in the course of a 
statutory investigation as to 
what was not or was in the 
public interest. 

It was plain from what his 
Lordship heard in camera that 
the commission was of the view 

that it could not perform its 
investigative function without 
knowing Allied's views upon the 
consequences for the business of 
the arrangement in chapter 7. 
That view was not attacked as 

The commission considered 
whether its objective could be 
achieved and the detriment 
Elders might suffer be avoided 
by means of a formulation of 
questions to Allied. The 
commission had concluded that 
its objective could not be so 

The commission was correct 

in subordinating a perceived 
detriment to its judgment of 

how best to perform ns statutory 

functions. There was no sugges- 
tion that the subordination was 
irrational or otherwise than in 
good frith. 

Turning to the argument 
founded on section 1 33. the 
question was whether the excep- 
tion in subsection (2Xa)applied- 
That provided that the restric- 
tion on disclosure of informa- 
tion in subsection (I) did not 
apply to any disclosure of j 
information which was made 
“for the purpose of facilitating 
the performance of* any func- 
tions of the commission. 

The exception was not drawn 
as “for facilitating” but as “for 
the purpose of facilitating”. The 
former form would require an 
objective examination of] 
whether disclosure did or did 
not facilitate. The latter form 
involved an inquiry as to what 
ihe commission had in mind. 

The commission's intention 
was to facilitate the performance 
of its functions. It was not 
suggested that the intention was 
either irrational or formula led 
in bad frith. 

It would be unfortunate if the 
commission were to be put in 
peril of exercises in objectivity 
by the court during the course of I 
discharging the difficult func- 
tions put upon it by the Act. 

Solicitors: Freshfields: Trea- 
sury Solicitor; Ashursi Morris 
Crisp & Co. 

Proving false statement in perjury 

Regina v Rider 

Before Lord Justice MustiU, Mr 
Justice Hodgson and Mr Justice 

Judgment given April 25] 

In an action for perjury where 
the prosecution set out to prove 
that a statement was untrue and 
did not invite a conviction on 
any other basis, the trial judge 

the qualification that if the 
defendant admitted that the 
statement was untrue, the 
prosecution did not need to call 
any evidence to prove that, and 
section 13 would not apply. 

The Court of Appeal so held 
in dismissing an appeal against 
conviction brought by Theresa 
Ann Rider against her convic- 
tion under section 1(1) of the 
1911 Act 

The appellant had obtained a 
divorce by filling in the 
acknowledgement of service 
document intended for the 
respondent spouse, and by forg- 
ing her husband's signature. She 
appealed against conviction on 
the ground that there was a 
misdirection in law in that the 
judge failed to refer the jury lo 
section 13 of the 1911 Act. 

Section 1 3 states: “A person 
shall not be liable to be con- 
victed of any offence under this 
Act . . - solely upon the evidence 
of one witness as to the falsity of 
any state merit alleged to be 

Miss Zoe Smith, assigned by 
the Registrar of Criminal Ap- 
peals for the appellant; Mr 

Martin Heslop for the prosecu- 

1(1) and section 13. The latter 
simply required more than one 
witness “as to the falsity of any 
statement alleged to be false”. 

Thus, in throe very rare cases 
where the prosecution elected to 
proceed on the basis that the 
truth or falsehood of the state- 
ment formed no part of their 
case, section 13 did not apply 
and there was no need for any 
direction on the point. 

In all other cases, however, 
where the prosecution did set 
out to prove that the statement 
in question was untrue, and did 
not invite a conviction on any 
other basis, the trial judge 
should, subject to one important 
qualification, always bring sec- 
tion 13 to the attention of the 

The qualification was that if 
the defendant admitted that the 
statement was untrue, the 
prosecution did not need to call 
any evidence to prove that fact. 
Section 13 would not apply and 
there was no place for a direc- 
tion on the matter. 

in the instant case there was | 
no doubt that the prosecution 
set out to prove that the 
statement was untrue. Thus 
there was a need for more than 1 
one witness to prove the un- 
truth. and a corresponding need 
for a direction on the subject, 
unless it coutd fairly be said no 
longer to have been in issue, 
when the time came for the 
judge to direct the jury. 

Unfortunately it was impos- 
sible to know with certainly 
what happened at the trial. The 
court was therefore constrained 
to hold lhal there should have 
been a direction on section 13. 

However, it was inconceiv- 
able that if the jury had been 
given a short direction on 
section 13. they would not have 
found, in the other evidence led 
by the prosecution, sufficient 
material to corroborate the ev- 
idence of the husband on a 
matter which was only tech- 
nically in issue. 

Solicitors: Director of Public) 

Error in committal 

Regina v Blyth VaBey Jus- 
tices. Ex parte Fawcns 
A defendant in full committal 
proceedings was entitled to call 
witnesses in his defence without 
giving evidence himself, the 
Queen's Bench Divisional 
Court (Lord Justice Glidewell 
and Mr Justice Schiemann) held 
on April 21 when granting an 

application for judicial review 
the justices' de- 

and quashing 

cision to commit the applicant 
for trial at the crown court. 

said lhal there was no true 
inconsistency between section 

WELL said that the justices took 
the view that rule 7(10) of the 

Magistrates' Courts Rules (SI 
)98l No 552 |LI)> which pro- 
vided I ha! **. . . the court shot) 
give (the accused) an opportu- 
nity to give evidence himself | 
ana to call witnesses” should be 
read conjunctively and that the 
defendant could only call ev- 
idence if giving evidence him- 

That that was wrong was clpar 
b> reference to rule 6(2). The 
fundamental right of an accused 
not to give evidence but to call 
witnesses on his behalf was not 
in any way inhibited. Rule 7( 10) 
had lo be read in conjunction 
with rule 6(2). 





You career can start here at 
tf»s truly mapiiticent design 
company. They are one of 
me tiroes. and you wont 
t»ei*ve me ortees' For a 
young secretary wnn some 
wp bwwtebge your 
Stances of progressoft are 
very good You wti nets de- 
signers and creative 
t» errors co-oidmare diem 
5 Drotecrc 


me mua nranHAnoiiM. croup 


We currently have a range of 
posts with Sparest! - French 
- hahan for secretaries 
sv&naue shortly. £7.000 to 


0-0 Paragon Language 
Consultants ci-SM 7tb6 


needs a weB edu- 
secretarv, 20-30. 
with good shorthand. 
About £9.000. P bo tie 
G illian oil- 

581 0024. 

168 Brampton HA SW3. 


fiespoRawe secretary reowed 
tor PiAtenae Company Bunas 
aauce WP. general adnwi. and 
aem coma a. Age 18 - 34. Sat- 
ary £ 6D0Q-E&500 DOE. LV. Lie 
insurance company oorus 
scheme, kavet ban Central Lon- 
don CM Dawd Morgan 01-242 


TOI immim wet or I we are 
mowing lor an Exerutne Secre- 
tary lo organa* and wmet 
meniral idmian lomnllra. 
arrange the annual conference 
and undertake unde ranging 
’secretariat’ and administrative 
duties ui the context of medical 
training. Applications, mined 
i ram welt -educated 

candidatrs.witn a senior secre- 
tarial background, ideally, m Ihe 
medical educational sector, de 
lelooed orgamsauan skills and 
most importantly, an atntny to 
operate effectively With team 
support but minimum drrect 
guidance. Salary Id begin 
18 700 pa iwtlh reviewi. 
Write or telephone Managing 
Director. Massey -s Executive 
Selection. IOO Baker Street. 
London Wl. Ol 936 6581 

COMFST LEAVER a- £7.000. 
Join ires lively property invest- 
ment co in Mayfair where you 
Will be involved in all aspects of 
office work: ielepnone uason. 
greeting clients and general sec- 
retarial work. You wilt assnt 
the Directors and work along- 
side another secretary. Super 
on ices, good prospects and 
Iraimno on W P If you have 
skills of 80. SO audio, please 
call A3a 461 2 Crone Cortjll Re- 
cruitment Consultants 

inos ratine Company Interior 
Decorators are looking lor a se- 
nior secretary wnn good bnr 
skills ■ IOO. 601 to work lor Ihetr 
MD and other Management. 
The surrewlul anoncam wilt Or 
evpenenred ai dealing with 
people at all levels, articulate, 
cheerful, willing lo become 
completely involved and vnowa 
keen inirresl in all aspects ot the 
MD's anilities. The company B 
currently based in SWl but will 
be moving in the near I mure lo 
9 Elms. Negotiable salary and 
good fringe benefits Please ap- 
ply in writing enclosing CV to 
Mm Minam Mead. 168 Shane 
SI. London SW1X 9QE 


world leader in -dcsiaicr* office 
products need a highly skilled 
and numerate PA secretary lor 
Iheir Marketing Director Good 
shorthand and typing stubs are 
ewenliai as is complete 
compataminy witn an IBM PC 
wnn Midi a Lotus 124 pack- 
age will be used. An 
organ sal tonal flair is essential 
as Use responsibility for arrang- 
ing all the company's seminars, 
launches and IOO level meeting 
are the r cs pon uh i hiy of mis 
very senior appointee Age 25*. 
£10.400 plus cvcellenl fringe 
benefits Semor Secretaries irec 

consl 01509 4422. 

c£6.SOO TUB well known Ml 
based pumish i rag company need 
a Might co ll ege mat er lo assist 
their systems manager. Ideal 
opportunity to learn all about 
computers and three Bpleoly of 
srooe lo use your imhallte. Be- 
sponsMIrtirs include 

adnumMmng staff sales of 
boohs Good promotion pros- 
pects Slults 80 56. audio and 
wp experience needed Tele- 
phone Caroline King Appts. 01- 
499 WTO 

COSMETIC* dUM Tins Wler- 
italional Wl based cosmetics 
house are looking for an effi 
nrnl administrator. You will be 
responsible lor aonunMenng 

personnel information for the 
beauty advisors Duties include 
monitoring holidays, nrknw 
ana liaising wiin the wages 
apartment on an manors ron- 
ceraing remuneration. Typing 
50 worn, previous personnel ex- 
perience including SSP and WP 
evpenenre meal Caroline King 
Appointments 01-499 8070 
HELP! City based wp Consul 
lants urgently need two more 
I red moors for 

Dnptaywnier /PC We will give 
lull i raining, but you must hare 
ai least two years* secretarial 
mrpenence and be lady conver- 
sant with IBM word processing. 
Cxcitinq prospects with young, 
corev iv lal company, pewim 
Iasi Around £1 1 500 plus bo- 
nus Anthony Cook Associates. 
Gresham House. Hotoocn Via- 
duel EC1 Ring Edward Cook 
on 208 1108. 

A WEE DMAMT Team ■wentarv. 
21 22 wnh aH-mund skills in- 
cluding shorthand Ivpang + 
wp lor Sw t head oflu-e of Rxr- 
ili ra C8.SOG Can 439 7001 
Secretaries Plus - The Seer elan 
at Consultants 

Bnahi young tumor secretary 
required immediately lor busy 
centra! office. Hard work but 
should be fun Terms lo sun. 
Stuart Wilson 42 goa» Street. 
SWl 01 255 0725. 

FUND RAISER of ECt charily re 
Quires P A. capable of liaising 

wiln board level directors of 
maior L k. Co s Sec exp used 
only as backup £8 800 
W-oodhouse Bee Cons Ol aoa 


Hilectv co n ee ds sec nosnwuh 
ad rvpma- O -lev el English 1 
seme of humour la train in per 
snnnrt skills. Age 2022 
C7.O0OP4 Link ADPMnDnents 
Ol 84* 9743. 

nual secremri wdn wp and SH 
lor Internal Co. Centra! Pans. 
Good salary aae. For details and 
initial interview Tel 01-822 
9636 Sheila Boys Inlerna- 
iKKial Personnel Counsellor. 
I vp XJS.5Q0 Knowledge ol 
French a tent mil train in all 
oIIm-p duties Please call Dry 
Dillingham MaSterlock Recruit 
men! 938 1718. 

COUrnr LEAVER with in ma- 
ll' e shorthand * audio skuls 
lor shipping co. Blarkfnars. 
17 BOO Call 377 8600. pyre 
lanes nus - The Secretarial 


MD «T» • £10.000. Secretary la 
rmet evmiuve of fast moving 
nead dlirrpow In Wl. Snort- 
hand ♦ WP Skill, neeoeo Call 

439 7001. Secretaries P<» 
The Secretarial Consul laws. 
lluml rrcnrfi and German ur- 
gently rra'd lor Lusemboura 
112 000 Hi Tfl 0! 022 
Sheila Burgess International 
Personnel Counsellor. 

FRENCH Col leap Leaver Sec lor 
voting [newsy travel Co. 

1 7 .OPC Call MpfTOw trap Agy. 
The Language Semalob. Ol- 
63® 1-187 


Prrmanenl 5 temporary posi- 
tions A MSA Specialist Rec 
Cons 01 734 0632 




PA/SB! (NO SH) -Mother Bunny to w pri t Md a 
busy team. All round nntf v rineni_ 
Head for figures essential;:. Etteg 
-Top Creative Group. LeadtoE De- 
sign outfit. ‘ EntiMo 

-For young Acct Director! Itjw 
moving Ad Agy. 1 yr exp ess. EU“® 
-Young volatile Team. 0£BO 
-Advertising personality? Good 
organiser wnh excel ten i presentation 

COL LEAVER f£C -Fast expanding PR Consultaftjjg, 


40+ typing & knowledge. 






We arc a busy, friendly shippi ng/offshore con- 
sultancy company based in tbe bean of Mayfair. 

The company is engaged in many diverse 
ide from the shipping industry and we 

projects asu ... 

are looUng fora bright outgoing sec/pa to com- 
plement this learn of professionals. 

You will need a good educational background 
and secretarial skills, to cope with your varied 
responsibilities. Initiative, confidence and a 
cheerful disposition would be advantageous as 
well as some knowledge of bookeeping and word 
processsine. Salary c £7-8,500 pa. 

Apply with CV 10: 

Claire Miszewska 
North venture Ltd 
26 Dover Street 
London W1X 3PA 


Top flight communicator required for busy de- 
manding fast moving Canadian stock brokers 
in City. 

Applicant must be well spoken and capable of 
working under pressure. Career advancement 
opportunities for right applicant Age preferred 
25-35 years. 


01-283 3040 


requires secretary for private practice 10 start 
eariy June. Previous medical experience an 

Phone 01-935 3046 


Are you looking for a job which is interesting and challenging? 
Lively eri 

ly editorial department of leading naiicmal mapmne needs 
secreunal assistants for senior eduon - people mho can sbo* 
initiative as well as having common tense. Could suii intelligent 
college leavers with good speeds I lUO/bOi and a sense of humour 
who like dealing with people and can lake icsponstbliiv. Pkase 
wmr with details of age. education and an> experience. Reph to 
BOX B42 

OUT AND ABOUT. Qiloy a varied 
das in and out of the oflm at- 
wiling the charming Office 
Manaorr of a mall. Irrmdty. 
erMiBoiB ininonml consul 
lanes. Minimal mo.typ bui 
goad won* n«€c 190. 681 I VT5 
wr evp pun excel lew iek> 
bnone manner, confute nee and 
prevpniability Agr 19 22 Su- 
perb off im in Berkeley sq Sal. 
r £9 OOO Please raU 437 6032 
Hobuones Rec. Com 

PL/SIOKTWY «25-35) wdh 
a really excellent knowledge of 
both Portuguese and EiMith 
and marcfnng secretarial skim. 


ufne 77m is a banking port 
redlining good secretarial cvpc- 
rvnrp and ollennq the usual 
benefits, plus a salary in Uie 
area of £9.600 Multilingual 
Services iPecruitntefil Consul- 
tants) Ol 836 5794 5. 

£11.000 WANTED: efficient 
PA lo tHTjamse charming M.D 
hi Intesnnenl Venture Capital 
firm U you nave mi native . II Ml 
ibiU tv and 90 60 nulls, torn uie 
young team m Bib frenetic of- 
fice in Mayfair. Financial 
eujenenre useful, good educa- 
tional background, age 23-36 
Ring 434 4512 Crone Corkill 
Ret Cons 

A WELL KNOWN Wl Advertising 
Agency would like a bright btto- 
bty secretary lo work lor a 
CUenl Handling Director. Short- 
hand « not nece ssa ry but you 
must have good typing admin 
aMitv and lots of miiiaine 
£8.000 neg Age 19+ For fur- 
ther derails please can Andrea. 
Barnet I Media. Ot 629 783a 

executive Kcsminr 

£9 000 - £11.000 + Bonus. 
Prestigious Marketing Croup in 
Ihe West End seek a lively wpa 
groomed secretary, lo asnusl 
Iheir busv young Vice Presi- 
dent. There b constant Uason 
with Europe and New York and 
ckcelienl Career prospects 
CasUedala Ot 481 401 1 

£8 000+ learn 
about «. odd or books in reciting 
Iteld. Great opportunity Mr en- 
thusiastic secretary. S h L or 
typing. Jaygar Careers iStoane 
Sgi Lid- 01-730 8148 

perb opening with in» lop UK 
rompanv. as PA Sec to Trane 
Marks Manager You win enmy 
international liaison, correspon- 
dence etc tn addition to 
handling Office admin. Presli- 

gwus St James's location Good 
skill* i too 60). work evoeci 
nice and fluent French 
ewnbal Age 22+ Mease tel 
01-409 1232 Tlte Work Shop. 

■ sought by up-market interior 
furnishings company. Rare 
opening lor we8 -presented per- 
son with some typing, seeking a 
truly varied and Involving role. 
Lots of liaison ro-ormnalion 
with area retir es enlau vev Op- 
portunity to travel lo trade 
snows, cxhiblttom etc. Wesi- 
End based Please tel Ol 409 
1232 The Work Shop. 

TAIfT • Nr Tunbridge wells. 
Kent lo run small but busy lour 
coeraicTs ofuce and an as Me- 
rcian to ihe chief Executive. 
£7 .500 pa ♦ profit snare Please 
srnd CV to Chief Executive. En- 
gush Homes and Country 
Tours. Ceo m t n- How. 
Sham den. mayfietd TN20 

6QA. No agencm. 


name fashion retailer seeks 
bnonl voung sec lor personnel 
department You should be 
-people onenlaaed*. able ID mix 
welt ai aU levels and QluK to 
learn new admin skills ran ac- 
curate typfno essential 
Shorthand and wp experience 
useiul Aar 21 . Please cal] Ol - 
409 1232 The Work Shop 
c. OAOO ♦ Earn review makes 
a super start tor inieHipmi 
college leaver 19'ish. Reason 
able SH typing and good 
edurauon Working tor tanlas- 
ur iram of nrnpen* developers 
■n tmelv Wl Others. Varied du- 
ne* and : areas m own 
responuoillty Joyce Gumew . 
Ol 589 8807 OOlOiRec Coral. 
of ex Handing trading Oo. 5 Lon- 
don. This ft a true P4 role and 
- wur involve composing own 
■ rarmpondencp and laking op 
Ibis rewnsUMUly. Lots ot client 
ronlarl «n rvrsenttuen imoar 
law £9 500 Call Morrow Emp 


Tire mark** Lins On ot world re 
" ou 7»« CO regutm ta-hngual 
French PA Ser. SH inboih lan- 
guagn pref and ability to work 
independantly ess. Vers- high 
language content Can Merrow 

Cmo A®-. The Language 8pe- 

Fiatfst*. 01-636 1487 

opening wnn a dewon rompanv 
for a well-poisra secretary . wno 
likes lo meet people and handle 
a varied work bud of adminis- 
tration comomed with 
secretarial dulirs No short- 
Hand 18 22 Circa £8.600 
Phone Meredith Sc oil R*c. 
Cora 583 0055 

ADMM SEC £10 000 early m 
view tnirtligeni sec wnn good 
organisational stalls lo amsl in 
inonaly expanding co Initiative 
8 desire lo tx- involved esten- 
nal Good lining javoar 
Careers iStoane Sg. Lid Ol 730 

£11.080 NO SHORTHAND 3 

Sec PA’v lor prtwlHpnus Ini Oo 
SWl Pnv aie education and typ 
*»5 70 needed, lor 3 lop exec's. 
Very inendlv sociaow- environ- 
ment Bonus + free BL PA and 
Pens Sen Trt 242 3276 Susan 
Mills Portfolio i Agy i. 


ly chambers seek audio WP 
typist borne rerepnonEt dimes. 
Friendly almost! here. Legal ex- 
perience pm era We but no! 
essential HL9.O00 Phone Gra- 
ham Lister on 01 405 7211. 


S»r PA 35+ needed lor one- 
branch Personnel Consultancy 
in Victoria Opportunity lo veal 
rni-nts and build up irour own 
portfolio Phone Odette Veaaey 
01 828 8345 

DESIGN PR £7 500. Wondertid 
opening lo learn about PR in 
rrealue world Luxurious re- 
tires cond s n L typing 
Javgar Careers iSlaonc Sqi Ltd. 
01 730 5148 

CAPABLE MATURE secretory lor 
a small presimous retire in 
Mai lair no snonnand typing- 
6v«ik keeping ev-*nha> Tele- 
pnonr 0! 639 5235 


II vou commute into Ihe City 
this would he ideal Jean this 
small and inlormal firm Of in- 
suranra- brokers as secretary to 
■hen Chief Exeruin e You'll en- 
Kii- kus cn vanef'v and a tun. 
tHriv learn atmosphere BenefiLs 
include supero sub-odned 
lunch 90/50 skit* needed 
Piraw ielepnone Ol 240 
3331 3511 i West End) or Cl 
240 3551 iCuv Elicanelh Hunt 
Rreruilmenl ConMlILinrv. 
lop marketing cconpanv in- 
volved in worldwide -eunronif 
mail' seeks voung werefarv lor 
Sales Manager This is a busy, 
invoh mg and dvnamirem iron- 
tTH-nl You wilt handle Mis ol 
"Phone work ruHptnq lo 
organise conlerenres. exhibi- 
tions and promotion-. Good 
ii'ptnq. some work experience 
and innate enthusiasm essen- 
tial Age *v+ Please calf Ol 
40Q 1332 The Work Shop 
name- organisation n 
reponsfble for prnRUMinn the 
latest lectmetogy in British in- 
dustry. Tlw-.l are looking lor a 
In els. efficient secretory lo as- 
sist two busy marketing 
exeruiives Loll of roman with 
umversiims and induunalists- 
R+auliiut modern offices 
Suh-adts+d naff rescauranl and 
flexi lime Skill-, ofi &£. and WP 
evoenence Carolin e kin g Ap- 
pointments 01 49® 9070 ' ” ' 
LIVELY LAW £9.500 - small 
knighlsonooe law firm seek PA 
lo newly amsen executive. He 
is sounq charming and an ex - 
erlU-nf tu-leoafor \ -xij will Usui 
mail i lain rinse rapport with cli- 
ents. brrome totally iniohed 
and be encouraged in develop 
lour own prrnrrLs Good audio 
ivpma Legal expen- 
ewe preferred Aqe 20+ Please 
rail Ol 409 1232 Tor tvutV 


by Ltov-ls underwnlina agency-. 

presently awtntxing a lop-lev el 
learn ier planned grown, son. 
serretonal experience rs exxen 
JlAl SttHKnml -presence- IB 
IMMIF YIP liaison K AKo rn. 
W ttf e d Snorthand and Hoang 

'C»03Oi rrgue-aerf salary 
£9.000 Please teteohone 01- 
5707 Gordon Vales 

493 _ 


' rrtrtidh enx iron mem 
ana vanen too as sorrotarv to 

iman deMrtinrni 01 a sninoino 
co ai Bfafklrurs 30+ Jsoi7 
grew C9.i9.soo C4H yr? 
860-5 ■ W 459 -001 iWr-st 

C.KI. Seerelarie, Puy tnr 
S^<WaruH Cormilidinih 

PA CITY Srjn imiLa.xi. 

OnntimM 1 5 ?°*' Pn '* r ' n hVh 
good audio tvpthb yfc.lls to help 

9US1 ana nice \1D Good educa- 
AdP 25+ Salary r ij; sin 









• i 



^flfe need you. You need us! 

PONT offer holiday pay (with strings attached). 

We DO offer: 
your skills 

and support 

^ Call us. Tell us about you and your needs. We will tell you 

s^us andhbw-we can do each other a _ . *55? 

^ s™* Cpninrls 

* S^SariS 


P.A. TO M.D. 

mortgage subsidy 

TMS is a position requiring in- 
teHsgence and presence; as 
PA/Secretary to toe Managing 
Director of a weB respected 
merchant ter* in E.C.3. you 
wiA organise and prioritize his 
demanding schedule. Yoif 
savorra tare .and City experi- 
ence wiB be essential when 
dealing with top people in the 
financial community. Skills of 
100/60. Age 2M5. 

Telephone: 01-606 1611 

in the dark 

Senior Secretaries 

will show you / 

thelight \ 


carefuHy matched by exaerts. especial- 
ly lor yoom your 
That tsafty w. 

wwtt newer dream ^ sentWwyou^ . -v — ' 

an interview wrttuwt havuw fast mtn / / 

voo and taken stock bom of y our *>&- f J 

vskjal pwsmiatty and yo* parwuim 

1T&S" tSSSK?- m* to MP r» c n. «■ 

ngtt for you - *eur the tSr 

Cr y**** Career, Contact Nm Capital poov** 

Vest End 01-499 009Z 
City 81-60S 1611 
jfmghtsfrrirfgg 01-583 4422 



*»■ utn<t 









and in- 
V ot 
your cp 
A s* 
For re 

5 toe c 

Of Li 



— u 


10 c 

••‘-.'Vi- .. •'<, 


that’s what secretarial work at 
Samuel Montagu is all about 

As you would imagine with all the changes 
currently taking place in the City the pace here 
is fast and that's why teamwork is so important. 

We now have an opportunity for a well 
educated professional secretary who is keen to 
be part of this environment and ready 
to take on wide-ranging personal /£% 
responsibilities. ftM ? 1 

Well expect you to have up to 2 years’ vQj 

secretarial experience - in- 
eluding the use of shorthand 

excellent administrative skills. Word processing 
skills are useful, however we will cross-train 
you on our NB1 word processing system. 

The ‘City’ package will include salary up to 
£S,S00. mortgage subsidy season ticket loan 
scheme, 4 weeks’ holiday and BUPA. 

Please send full CV to: 

[|g| Amanda Lawton, 

Ev« / Samuel Montagu & Co Limited, 
rSy 124 Old Broad Street. 

^ London EC4P 2HY 

eluding the use ot snonnana 0j .,. TTr , T wn^TAriT «« 7 „ 

to a good standard — and SAMUEL, MONTAGU Tel: 0l*5SS 6464. 

About to complete a college, \ 
secretarial course and looking 
for that all important first post? 

Get in Touche 

Enthusiasm and self motivation win overcome lack of practical 
experience for secretarial opportunities currently being created 
within this large, well established international firm of Chattered 
Accountants based in modem City offices. 

We are offering positions which will not only provide in-house 
training, consolidate newly acquired secretarial skills and enhance 
basic word processing knowledge, but also allow scope for 
development within a young, fast moving environment 

Competitive commencement salary in return for high standard 
of education and speeds of 90/50 wpm. 

In addition to excellent working conditions (Including 
Gymnasium and Club Room) we offer four weeks holiday and season 
ticket loan. 

Please apply in writing with full details to Susan Brand at the 
address below. 




Polygram is involved in records, tapes, com- 
pact discs and videos with Polygram 
International Popular Music Division dealing 
with repertoire throughout the world. 

One of the Legal and Business Affairs Man- 
agers within this new Division needs an 
Assistant to act as more than just his Secre- 
tary as. in addition to providing a full 
secretarial service, your duties will comprise: 

- breaking down and summarising contracts 
for storage on the word processor. 

- using the above ‘information to check and 
dear option periods on contracts; and 

- dealing with all clearance procedures eg. 
clearing of repertoire for inclusion on com- 
pilation records, tapes, compact discs and 
videos world-wide. 

Candidates should have worked in Enter- 
tainment law, be able to read and understand a 
contract: be an excellent organiser with an an- 
alytical approach; be able to communicate 
effectively at all levels throughout the world; 
possess good skills, plenty ot common sense 
and initiative. 

In addition to a competitive salary, we offer 
annual bonus, LVs, free product and 25 days 
annual holiday. 

Write enclosing CV and daytime telephone 
number to: Joy Hamlyn. Personnel Officer, 
Polygram International Limited. *5 Berkeley 
Square, London W1X 5DB. 


Cloth of Gold 


Equate fabrics, boW concepts, unrestrained opulence - our 
clien ts operate in rarefied circles, creating breathtaking Interior 
design far che mega-nch of the globe. Thev now seek a college 
leaver/junior secretary to join ther small, hard-working yet 
very friendly ream. Spoken French is essencal. Italian 
si vantageots. FlewMfc* adaptability and confident cypmg skills 
2 re also important. Age 19-23. Please telephone 01-493 5787. 
Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London W1 

(Recruitment Consultants) 

c£1 0,000. W1 

We are a well csialished. successful recruiim eni and 
search consultancy, with a loam of nine people, based in 
the West End. We operate in a totally open plan office. 

The Secretary will support two Directors who work on 
separate assignments. The job will involve lots of typing. 
con'xt with diems and candidates, and administration 
VL>- key will be understanding the diverse nature of the 
»«*• and combining this increasingly with rcscraeh re- 
Iai:n$ to head hunting experience. 

We are looking for an experienced, trained Secretary 
who is a self-started capable of taking initiative, educated 
to at least *A‘ Levels, ideally with a good knowledge of 
industry in the LIK. who can work with a variety of 
people.' Quick and accurate audio typing ability on a 
word processor is esscmiaL 

H you are interested, please ring me, Christopher 
West Director, Courtenay Stewart international, on 
01-491 4014, or send in a CV. 



Enjoy a (ugh atom content 
«m ms marint toang 
iwnutittn enmoanv. As PAm 
He Fnared ftiettw. he tie- 
quern travrta mute you ra 
Me on an after iranaoemait 
.rota in ortmng 1 mixture, 
wnaihsnq manuenantt con- 
traas/apsjmara. ensuing flu 
snnom-flinmq at the rttea 
ana mgmias 
penomel rearts. Lots at i*- 


BngW sec (grad/'A' lev- 
els) to won wih City 
Merchant Bankers. lively, 
young, hard working 
crowd. &J mg ability, 
skills 80/50. flex nature 
+ the need to progress 
wifi secure you an inter- 
view. Sal to £9,500 + exc 

01-408 0424 




£6.20 p.h. 

Otff busy team of professional temporary secretaries are always in demand, and it has estab- 
lished an excellent reputation over the years. 

If you are a first class, senior level secretary with speeds of 100/60. 2 yeas Director level 
experience n central London, aid proficient, word processing skills, we can offer you an 
interesting vanety ot temporary secretarial assignments and the best rams m London. 

Our skilled temps are all paid the same rates and are frequently offered the opportunity rt 
tempng into a permanent position. a 

It you would like to temp at the level you deserve and be positively appreciated, please telephone 
tor an appointment or a fadsheet 

01-434 4512 (West End) 01-588 3535 (City) 


The Business Partners 

Hill House, 1 Little New Street, London EC4A 3TR. 
Telephone: 01-353 8011. 

Crone Corkill 

Recruitment Consultants 


W.P Operators. Shothand Secretaries. Audio 
Secretaries and Copy Typists. 

We need temporary help now. to keep pace with 
the demands of 1986. 

You can find your ideal permanent job and be 
paid whilst looking 
To hear our competitive rates, call 
Judi Hutton 

Lucy Arnold 

01-629 8863 





Til'.il S1< 



Be more than a PA at this 
computer division of a fam- 
ous ehdronHS company 
You boss witi leave a kxnl 
resooRsiteSty te you as he 
spends most of las time 
away g Supe rvise the staff 
and control the marketing 
budget. You ran truly 
spread you wings n this 


IHtDWItt WIII B M nOlW.aoi* 

(with good shorthand) 

presentation, the adapt- 
atitity of a c ha meleon 
and the ftartify ot efes- 
tit Aged 25-30 yon w3 
he able to accept tespon- 
siAy tor completely 
controfag the buanss 
Be of a dynfflwc and vent 
successful trading execu- 
te*, and keep ten totfy 
aware of the umnat- 

raents ef d bis teas. 
The aWty to tsmpose 
business corresponfenra 
in French trifi be a rfe- 
tmet advantage. This is a 
tost moving and rehab- 
rigfy vigorous mte t- 
Baoonsf emkumant 

Has anyone recognised 
your potential lately? 

• Proven secretarial and wp skills. 

• Available immedately/working notice! 

• Commeroaf experience. 

• Poise and personality 

If this sounds like you. we'd like to teU 
you exactly what we can offer. First class 
assignments, excellent rates and the 
opportunity to convert a temporary 
position into a permanent one. together with the 

added benefits of the MacSain Nash Privilege 
? JCani&Club. 

& With MacBlam Nash your career will go 
from strength to strength. Contact Victoria 
Martin on 01439 0601. 

lodayls best boolring. - 

RVSec. rfcq'd by Internationa Ca in City 
View to perm.- area £12,000. Exc. working conditions. 

P.R. £9,000 

A well known P.R. agency in the West End is 
looking for a young, fun secretary to work in their 
(lesion and consumer department Audio and short- 
hand required, and an ability to deal with a hectic 
environment Age 20. Speeds 80/60. 


Our clients are looking for a capable and very 
organised secretary to run a small section of the 
company. Again, a very young atmosphere and lots 
of hard work. Beautiful offices. Age 22. Speeds 

He are also looking Jor college leavers with 
Oivunite typing to start at the Beginning of the 

TM trremlrQr&Utl 


A Time to Temp 

What do you look for from temporary work? High 
rewards, certainly —but more besides? The question is 
valid, because in today’s market, you do have a choice. 
Our own temporaries form an exclusive, high calibre 
team; our clientele amongst die most prestigious in 
London. With good skills, quire frankly you can make 
good money anywhere- But rf you want the best, in 
every sense, then ghra me a call. Sara Dyson, on 01-493 

Gordon Yates Ltd. ' 

35 Old Bond Street, London W1 

{Rcerutorcenr Consultants) 


Senior partner of 
Mayfair property 
company is looking 
for a (op PV secre- 
tory to help run his 

The job would suit a 
smart, efficient per- 
son looking for re- 
sponsibly in ' a 
friendly and social 

01*499 6S66 
01*493 8383 

£7,000 +PEHKS 

Superb opportunity for 
wilkng and enthusiastic 
young secretary to tain 
the organisers ot leading 
equestrian events. 
Plenty of mvotvemert. 
free tickets and excellent 
promotional prospects 
for the right person. 
Good shorthand and 
typing essential 

01-499 6566 
OX-493 8383 

»Vvj 3v k » 



Paris awaits you if your 
French is fluent and if you* 
have Foolish secretarial 
skills 100/60 and French 
shorthand of 70 wpm. 
This English company, 
located close to the 
Champs Elysees needs a 
competent secretary whD 
can start as soon as pos- 
sible. Salary negotiable 
dependent upon age and 
experience. Interviews in 
London or Paris. 

174 New Bond St W1 

Secretaries' i 

to on ££*/•_*_ v *vO 

,ot*49i vm: - 


The Scandinavian Bank Group is one of the top 
twenty UK-based International Banks with 
preiigious modern offices dose to Sl Pauls 

We are now looking for twp'wcll educated and 
experienced secretaries inrtheir who 
have at least five vears’ secretarial experience at 
senior level You' should have excellent 
organisational and secretarial skills to include 
shonhand/audia and word processing. There is a 
high degree of diem contact in both positions 
requiring initiative, flexibility and an enthusiastic 

Corporate Property Services is an exciting 
new venture which will move to Mayfair in Sep- 
tember 19S6. You should have experience in 
either the property market, legal or banking field 
and be capable of supporting the activities of a 
Director and a small team of highly motivated 

Icelandic Department: Marketing -department 
responsible for all business with Iceland. You will 
be working diredty for the Manager and win be 
expected to provide comprehensive secretarial 
and administrative support. 

If either of these positions offer the career move 
you are looking for, contacL- 

Mary North* Personnel Officer, Scandinavian 
Bank Limited, 2-6 Canon Street, London 




an international institution in Basle, 
seeks a fully-trained 



Candidates, who should be aged between 
20 and 25 and have English as their 
mother tongue, should have a good 
knowledge of French and German . 

The Bank offers an attractive salary and 
excellent working conditions in an inter- 
national atmosphere. 

Interested applicants are invited to write 
to the:- 


4002 BASLE, 


Enclosing a currfeufm vitae, 
reference and a photograph. 



TfwOBpimtaierel Manager Of ?n : 
r ge m fflX ral bank wtecn fro »- 
corny so ud a Coy afltce nee« 
you- English stattand sm tiuem 
German. D you aeaqe 254. have 
prewjus tanking engenem* an) 
am Bnfafe. ins & a job Wch writ 
g«B you bw heart DMh «arUe- 

a me uraejrouoice rt you- mm 
*. Salary (39.000 otus bank 
mg Deneas/mortgagt 

wb ta»e ortw taima onwitum- 
ues iw German aoeatas a a 
rage ot nettism saUnes. 

174 New Bond St W1 

Internationa 1 1 

01-4^1 7jtC> * : ->j 


Require an experienced secretary with 
-good secretarial skills, WP experience 
(Olivatti ETV 300). Excellent telephone 
manner, personality and presentation to 
help in their Fulham* office. Salary 

Telephone Mrs Webber Of -731 4448 

Require an experienced sales secretary' 
for their Wimbledon office with good sec- 
retarial skills, WP experience, personality, 
presentation and a flair for organisation. 

Telephone Townchoice 01-947 7351 Ext 


We would be interested to bear from 
b ilingu al secretaries seeking new and 
challenging: positions and in particular 
ton candidates interested in the fol- 
lowing vacancies: 


A secretary to the General Meager a 

major international baas- The 
should possess excellent secretarial skills 
French shorthand. 


A Citv based ictemazional bank wishes to recnilt a 
senior secreiarv with Huert German and shorthand 
in both Eiateih and German. An exrefleoi postuan 
for e candidal* seeking iavdeement nnd 

We are runemJv handling three vacancies for 
triJkrgya! secreianes with City based banks. Excel- 
lent secretarial and iingui s :ic skills are imperatne 
and foreign shorthand or a knowledge ol Italian 
wcmld be as additional advantage. 


A seaetaiy. ag«l 20-23, is sciusbt by a major Italian 
bank in the city. The candidate should have abuui 2 
yea ra’ experience and goud secretarial skills as well ax 
excellent spoken and written Italian. 

Please contact-- 

Alison McGnigu, Jonathan Wren 
International Ltd, Bilingual Secretarial 
Division. 179 Bishopsgate. LONDON 
EC2M 4 LX. Teh (01) 623 1266. 

Jonathan Wren 

w .Y* International Ltd! 


Ctaac Grasn Part. oJ- 

bre neeos coca, cam ana 
co we r ed sec. Own office, 
rusty sh + WP. D0S0U 

01-377 6433. 


Small property oo «n, 
9XH knowteUpB erf 
Wang WP an ateantagol . 
£8,000. : 

01-377 6433 


administration DIRECTOR 



We ara ati r 3 to offer ^ realty important fob. which 
will guarantee that every facet of your hard 
earned skills, experience and resourcefulness 
Will fce in demand from the moment you start 
with dlt Agency. : 

We employ nearly 400 . People and the depart- 
ment have a massive responsibility to deliver the 
highest possible levels of service to the com- 
pany and all our staff. We are very much part of 
the advertising process. 

You should need to belelve cliches like: ‘No day 
is the same 1 . You will need to make your own 
decisions', “We hawi't time to watch over you 1 , 
'Would suit a workaholic with a great sense of 
humour’. Tnier is no time for errors', etc. etc. 
We work with the Management group our 
responsibilhes encompass every aspect of Per- 
sonnel Administration, the Department sucess is 
soley because we are a close but informal team 
who alt enjoy being able to get on with our own 

To enjoy your job and grow .with us you simply 
must have superb shartnan&.excellent error tree 
typing and preferaby bo familiar with a Word 
Processor or PC. Your natural adminasmve 
skills and familiarity with numbers are taken as 
read. If you are intersted Please Phone Mrs 
Helen Briant 839 3422. 


wanted for small, busy consultancy in WC1. 
Total responsibility for office management, 
including supervision of assistant secretary. 
Organising ability, good telephone manner, 
discretion and accurate typing {aud to/copy) all 
important Knowledge of WP/Office Systems an 
advantage. ... ..... 

Age 24+, c£8.500 + profit share. 

Please write, sending CV or requesting job 
description, to> - 





A well organised self-motivated person with ini- 
tiative required as PA/seeretary to young 
dynamic director of investment and mining 
company based in the City. This- position in- 
volves administration of both business and 
personal affairs. Requirements are commitment, 
diplomacy and ability to deal wiih people of all 
.levels. Word processing and shorthand skills es- 
sential. Excellent presentation required. Age 
immaterial. Salary up- to £ 12,000 + excellent 
benefits. Please contact Sally McGowan- 
Scankm, Consolidated Concord Ltd. 0J-5S& 
4217 ...... 


Require young, and efficient Secretary for their busy 
industrial dep&meni. Accurate typing essential and 
worn processing an advattage. Safety dependant on 
age and experience. ExcaSent fongfe benefits, 

Tel 01 829 8151 

' : '---JSG ABOiaES . 




Provide Professional Support 
in Executive Recruitment 

Enterthe dgre to pmg world of executive 
pacna fanent as the Secretary PA to two 
consult ants m our L o u do n head 
They undertake search and selec&oa 
M whwm R nt s at die highest level for 
fanuri ng and securities houses m the City 
of London, 

As part of a small and friendly i«mi of 
secretari e s m pleasant offices, you will 
provide the consultants with hill secretarial 
and arimmi s native support, typmg a high 
volume of varied reports, co-ordinating 
advertisings arranging meetings, dealing 
with correspondence etc 

Enthusiastic, intelligent and highly* 
o rga nised, you have fast, accurate audio 
typmg skills and, preferably IBM word* 
processing experience. Able to work well 
u nder pressure, yon enjoy contact with 
people and set yourself high standards of 
profesiHonalism and atte ntion to detail 
You will be given every opportunity to use 

yrwrr ctriTlg tn tfy> fnTl rn a tjtrrar mq iy< ni|U Tiy 

which is committed to the development of 
its employees. In addition, you will enjoy a 
com petitiv e packag e w im profit- related 
bonus, free hatches, BOPA cover and four 
weeks’ holiday 

hi complete c o n fide n ce, please write with cv to Helena Watson of Cnpps, Sears and 
■Asso ciates Li mi ted, Personnel Management Consultants, 88/89 High Hdborn, London 
WC1V fiLH. Telephone 01-401 SKE Earfy replies will be appreciated as we hope to hold the 
first stage of die selection process cm Friday 9th May SSL 

Cripps, Sears 


INTERNATIONAL! to £10,000+ 

Flexibility underpressure at Dtrector-tevel for 
the SENIOR SECRETARY with excellent for- 
mal and ‘fort-holding skills Initiative and an 
wgansing eye for detail also essential Excel- 
lent Mayfair conditions and Bonus 

SOCIAL 1 £9,000 

Superb MDs PA opportunity for the up- 
market organised monnduai with sound 
knowledge of French No Shorthand but ex- 
cellent inter-personal skills for both business 
and social matters with constant Banon with 


to £8,200 

Prestigious environment for the numerate 
young SECRETARY with a keen scientific in- 
terest, an excellent telephone manner and the 
ability to work under pressure 

COURSES! to £7,500 

Young. on-the-baO personality for a great 
post where a high 'proportion of the job will be 
organising Courses Some travel to course 
Venues will be involved 


High calibre Temp assignments too either 
short or tong term to suit your needs at the 
highest rates in Town for skilled Secretarial & 
WP professionals! 

FuO details from. 

19/33 Oxford Street. Wl Teh 01-137 9030 

131433 Cannon Street. EC4 Teh 01-626 8315 

/■'M ■f'g Rernnunentt onwiliams 




Our cfient, an impressive international 
Company, otters an unrivalled opportunity to 
an ambitious Secretary, aged rmcHate 20's, 
presently working at Manager/Director level 
benefit from the extensive trammg provided by 
the Company, which wffl enable you to nse 
immediately to a 5 figure salary 

The atmosphere « dynamic, therefore 
impressive comrnurucation/PR skills are 
essential to liaise with clients and organise 
functions within the international 
petrochemical industry The PA content is 
high, but good sfctHs are essential 
To Ifiscuss this considerable opportunity 
and the salary telephone: 01-439 6477. 

HO SHORTHAND - £10,000 

ChartmgMD ol prasbQns ottae torteuri ate system mantfaettsvs 
WB! scttft ofhos raems bo Exscuwe Secretary wHi i mod 
tawraa**; d Ftcctfi tor occisonal raas&Mws aid wepnane work hi 
addttn to aenenJ tecnternl wort yon tel aranp l» trawl and day 
lax unto the Strasbourg Othea and use the WP (trawng bmo) * yw 
are catot and rtert wife a good sense ol honour 60+ *ptn wwg and 
«to state ptaarecaU^ 

Crone Corkill 

n oc m/tmant Co rmrtTnrre 

99 Reseat Street Wl 

£8 t 5O0 

Leading West End PR 
company need two 

secretaries to jom frosy 

team dealing with 
travel and leisure 

Plenty of mvolvvmeni 
and tats of scope for 
development i n a fa st 
moving creative 

01-499 6566 
01-493 8383 



We are a progress veh expanding elec- 
tronic company based in Fife within 
commuting distance of Edinburgh. We 
seek the professional services that only a 
top grade P A aged 25 - 30 and currently 
on a salary in excess of £8,000 can give to 
this Managing Director You wiU have 
sound administrative and commercial 
flair plus the usual secretarial skills. If 
vou have these qualities and are inter- 
ested in furthering your career 
opportunities please apply in writing with 
full CV to the Personnel Department, 
Highland Electronics Lid, Hellend Indus- 
trial Estate. Dunfermline Fife 

Banking PJL 

£13,000 + Benefits 

The M D of this mfflor banking 
graduate PA You w«l need to 

have worked at a 
level for several 

iBoeQiLgt ■ — 

PabRc Relations 

c£ 10,000 

Consumer and P R 

Top De^ Consuftency 

We have vacancy jnaB 
come previous expenen^ 

vt^imilar efwfiwrwrt 

?3s of opportunity erto 1^2 

fan m really top-dass 
companies! _ 




£9000 + Bonus 

An nara awa poataon e offered 
by ore toadng fesiuon company 
Aa personal Saoatsy n me 
CMnw s rwtey appteiwd Ex 
HIM Assaam. en|oy Ms 

ChaMnglng raia «Mcn oRars at 
naane teuon at sorter ia wl 
Generous ndude a bo- 

ns in axcess m 10 % ol satoiy in 
return lor aodlo/WP sMto (short- 
nsnd atsmue) 


629 8863 




London's newest recruitment consultancy, committed to 
opening six new branch offices by the end of October, 
seeks 22 staff in the following categories: 

r Chkriprieys i 

Secretary | 

Central London 

Champnevs wish to recruit an 
admirttstrahue Secretarv hr the prestigious 
health and leisure Club at the magnitiaenilr, 
restored Neu Piccadilly Hotel 

As well as providing secretarial support to 
the Chib Manager and a small Sales Team the 
Secretary unil be responsible fcr a dm i n i s t ra tion 
of the Club membership system 

Candidates unQ have admmisrative 
experience accurate skills <100 50] and an 
excellent telephone manner Good inter 
personal skills are essential 

Applicants must be smart healthy (non 
smoking i and self motivated 

Benefits indude salary c£8 000 subject 
to ability and experience free lunch 20 days 
holiday Hours of work 1 ) 30am 530pm 
Senda full ci» with photograph to 
Michael Neve Chib Manager The Gleneagles ■ 
Club The New Piccadilly Hold Piccadilly 1 

London W IV Q8H I 

Elizabeth Hunt 


to £10,500 

Jon this mqjor City group with interests m tounsm, 
banking and property as secretary to an executive He ts 
keen to delegate and you'll need a discreet professional 
attitude Earty salary review free lurch, cheap holidays 
and generous bonus 100/60 and WP skills needed 


c£1 0,500 

Oty based, ties top international bank seeks a sever 
secretery/PA to a top execidive He needs a well 
organised, efficient and utterly professional person to 
completely tun hs office Excellent benefits nctade a 
mortgage subsidy 100/60 aid WP skins needed 


23CoBog0HaiondonK4 0HM0353 


Needless to say, our remunerative packages are just 
heavenly! Please write to me, in confidence: 

Laurence Rosen, 

Chief Executive, 

Office Angels Limited, 

67 Long Acre, 

London WC2E 9JG 

Branches in West End, Hofoom, Reading and Tonbridge. 




This is the most senior and demanding secretarial role in the King's Fund, 
the leading charitable health care foundation. Responsibilities include: 

• Preparing papers, drafting minutes, handling follow-up for Use Fund's 
General Council and Management Committee, and other committee 

• Acting on behalf of the Chief Executive, liaising with others within and 
outside the Fund. 

• Dealing with a wide variety of matters with independent judgement, 
within broadly defined guidelines. 

9 Helping to ensure the smooth- running of the Head Office secretarial 

Candidates must have first-class secretarial skills; good organising ability, a 
pleasant personality and ability to withstand pressure- Knowledge of the 
health field is an advantage. 

Salary will be performance-related, and is unlikely to be less than £10,000 
(including London Weighting). Contributory pension scheme. Lunches are 
currently free. Season ticket loan scheme. 

Please apply in writing with CV to The Secretary - Robert J Maxwell. King 
Edward's Hospital Fund for London. 14 Palace Court, London W2 4HT 
Closing date for applications Monday 19 May 1986. 


for £10,000 

The busy PA to a Dndor at MSI estmstal Lloyds 
underarga s ugeatty mads te*o 1o cope wtti her 
esaidag rattod. Ths s si dal opportauy lor a 
yooig seoeary to (earn toe ‘tods ol ns hade You'l 
sMty mo bwe consort coma wft cbems. broken 
etc isaalmcaeaaiiuciiatBiyemialSMfBarai 
duns It you are ■« you tarty 2us wh good A 
lewis, speeds ol lOQ/GO and a NccdUe and mtfue 
adoc* pteas cad 

588 3535 

£10,500 + M.S. 

As Executive Secretary to the Head of Euro- 
pean Operations « a Dry-based American 
bank, you wrf jwW making travel arrange- 
ments. co-ardmating meetmm and hantfle 
your oivn correspondence The aWktv to 
pnoribse is vital to tne smooth running ot the 
dept as are organisational skills U you idee 
pressure, using your ximanve and have 
spends oMDO/HXWP. A levels and 4-6 yrs 
senior level experience please call: 

588 3535 

to £12,500 + M.S. 

The expanding London ort*e® (EC2i ot ttvs Euro- 
pean aewma aank needs an energetic and 
meticulous PA./ secretary for me# dvnamc Head 
o I France He oasis -an twm pmeie ana institu- 
nonel events and you ml orovwe twn entn tuU 
supbon n all asoeas ot rvs business me The 
weal candwaie we do aged IO-» wtm barXung 
expanence. Engssn mottw tongue and 
German (mckMnj snonhanoi Scare WP 
experience necessary Please cad 

588 3535 


A nunmn biW anelvncai seoetary w regiMd to 
0 *ceme *KCwed at W ie«e» ncxxxng inewen wane ■ 
■>M US stooarounp P e un r axp n EC* IniMHy 
dona 50% -Oil and utanng el aimfumg Ol 
r* bm» 3 artier The imi is ntoimM yoi 
c on t inu e and you net oa eneuxeged K> KwV soongiy 
ay me MtrSC mams «t J-3 yn. it you naw same 
to moat axpenanoi las a sacA. wgMMr W a 
preaiwc B(«rcwc>> am* » d*gm or A lewb. the 
cotM m me chance youae wen looking lot Please 


588 3535 

Crone Corkill 

Recruitment Consultants 

■ Street EC2 

Crone Corkill 

Recruitment Consultants 

18 Eldon Street EC2 


pa m 


c. £9,000 

We are seeking a confident and experienced secre- 
tary to work for our Director, responsible for IWS 
wool promotion activities throughout the UK and 

In addition to the usual range of secretarial duties, 
you will be responsible for organising the 
Directors visiting programmes and travel itin- 
eraries, and also ensuring the smooth running of 
the office in his absence. First-class organisational 
skills are essential. Tact, discretion and the ability 
to deal effectively with senior people in the Textile 
industry, both by telephone and in person, are 
also key qualities. 

; You wiQ probably be over 24 and have had at 
I least 4 years post-secretarial college experience at 
middle and/or senior levels. A good educational 
background is important and preference will be 
given to candidates with O and A levels. 

Oar modem offices are situated close to 
Pkxadilhr/St James's Park and we offer a starting 
salary of up to £9,000 p.a-, LVs, 25 days holiday 
and fag m edical insurance cover 

Interested? Please write briefly, 
enclosing a CV, to: Miss. L. Haig, 
CS Sga JIll International Wool Secretariat. 

Wool House, Carlton Gardens, 



If you are in your mid 20’s 
with admin experience, fast ac- 
curate shorthand and typing 
and a pleasant telephone man- 
ner then you may be just the 
person we are looking. Salary 
on application. 

Tel: 01-405 5346 ext 55 


£ 12,000 

The dynamc Chart Executive (rt a successful, rapidly expand- 
ing company lancttng pobfc ratewns and consultancy work 
tor pesbonus clients needs competent Personal A&astant 
ResponsWroes widude or ga nising presentations and func- 
tions aason with V I P's some recruitment and o«w» 
management as weft as general secretarial duties Skies of 
lOO/SOsman presentation and good eduaraonal background 
essential Age 27<B Please nog 

484 4512 

Crone Corkill 

Recruitment Consultants 






Required (or busy flat let 
ting department 

Experience in p r operty ts 
useful but dm essential 
The successful applicant 
will txtXjawy be between 
25 & A6 a car dmer wnti 
knowledge ot me Chelsea 
area Please apply 
M H Thomas 
Mbra 01 551 5131 


100 £0 worn braun languoe 
meJul lob d cfedir tens Vav 

rahed presB»oui Mean 

groom* goodsWB.stes 
bxtaraund Not me pension 
frea&JF* Tel Uary item a M 
a Temp fPpTrawrt Retool ot tfi 
579 ’155 


£12,000 + M/G f 

The Ctamtan (X the Biro- j 
pean aim o< ra sroandmg \ 
m wraa Nonal bank wan a ma- . 
pr presence m the worid’s 
tone man financial eamas. 
raquBas a praKsstonai PA 1 
As v«a as crfjaresmg ^ . 
busy schedule end Wasmg < 
Mtb efiants entd wide, ha ■ 
nriS rely on you ts bacoraA ! 
tuUy mvotved m it* bupness 
of toe bank. Your seraur-tewi 
eoenence m the tmancal 
world, combawd wnfi first- 
| tee admntstranw state wS 
I enable yoa to excel m ths - 
) tJemending foifi 
| State 100/SG Aga 25-35 

| cmr office , 

| 726 8491 




The Dned or ot ABSA seeks a lull time Executive Secretary/PA 
with first class secretarial and administrative ability and experi- 
ence Excellent shorthand, audio typmg and word processing 
state are required 

ABSA. a registered chanty is the national association promo? 
mg the concept and practice of business sponsorship ol the 
arts The successful candidate will have an merest in the arts 
and thee tundmg. personal ntiahve and enthusiasm and the 
ability to work under pressure wnh people at a senior level in 
business and the arts Ths s a very responsible position, 
working dneefty for the Association s Director wittvn a small 
and frwtdty team 

Applications in writing with fuH cv by 14th May 1986 to 
Tbe Director, ABSA. 2 Chester Street London SW1X 7B8 





Required to work at Senior 
Executive level for Property 

Aged 22-30. 4 weeks hoi per 
ann um. Salary circa £9,000. 

Applications in writing to: 





£8,908 PLUS BONUS 

You nmid snare m me »c*e 
mem m sasma taiunes made 
in nwxnas w* fee, pesipoas 
sradtateung camgany and hi 
OT twig pad ol itvsdvnaimc 
matty wan n bums ol 
i«s *i me bean H Be Cay 
Sunerti uerts arc also ottered 
rewjrajbwsa mortgage sib- 
stay duo loans non 
Deoam ■Jtl He 
&n «*Y P® use w stortftjnd 
ana ivonq Sole m gaii you me 
bsneUs you desene 
Far an m nnwl m e crtl 



Elizabeth Hunt 



Jon rtte lop firm ot estate agen‘5 as secret ry to a very 
pleasani young partner who has |tel |omed them He would 
like you in reorganise all admin sywems. look after ihew 
iderence litirary and learn how to maintain a computer 
based prooertv record 60 wpm audio ability needed and 
WP experience 



Jom ths expandng. dynamc company leaders and innova- 
tors in the world of interior and product design and co- 
ordinate a busy department as secretary to a divisional 
manaqaig director 90/60 and WP stalls needed Beaufilul 
Wl offices 

Efizobeth Hunt Recruitment CorsuHonts 
IBGiDsyenof Street London Wl 0H2W 3531 


1 Fleur for 5 

^ Marketing £10,000 ^ 

— L*vnjmic PiiF«..r nr ihw ln:«n.TUniviI Advert wina Axenry _ 
; PA/Aiwuani !*• wnrk alnTT^Hte hun no e«nUDp. rww 

^ marbeiine paircli. If jnHi jit .1 p.w? frrjnw, have “lO^Jerit 7- 
£ pnwnuivRi and a lively «£n*e nf hurtmur ih» could be ibe _j 
-- prtnUQD fur you. Skilta: 90/60 Axr 1CI+ £ 

> Front-Line 7 

y Advertising £8,500% 

y Are you a whizz-kid willi'A out Ptncewnm and 1 he kneel office V- 
K. technidiisy’’ 11 sn. this job » defmiietv f«« y»m. This younji and rt 
X exjsuidiiiB aeency needs a bright, hard workm* sbmband »ecre- 
7\ lary who will use her excelteu WP skills. Stalki; 90/60 Af»21+ < 

Public Relations £8,500 ^ 

C This well known PR mmjhun' is lo-*kinp for ix>knw fur an ~ 
eueUenl WP secrerary Proud nf tuut skills and your flair for < 

2 Wu»d Pmcewme. you wiU enj«\- the heci^. uxicb. demandiw s 

^ aumMphne of the- inp anency F<it w>m«-ne wb,i is a naturally ^ 
£■ happy and devoted secreLury. the henefil* aie flU yours. Skids: — 
^ FJM- uccuraie lypine- Ajt- SI* Z 


^ — ■ ■ — — — — — — — «c 

~ 8 Golden Squjre. London \\ 1 c. 

0 Te] 01 -■» 7^^021 | 



Sal ta tne too wren you pen 
Das ivge erernanrmat com- 
party as Asasm n tfre Cher 
Geeft£S am an Lcptonm 
Drama The sirennm of your 
personality will go a kmg way 
me wu> bosses can be de- 
rwntaip al braes and yw wd> : 
aBo be restmnsolp tor ttw su- ' 
oewstm oi tun mnoi 

« J&l ha« good tvpng gnd 
snomand ate tame mohe 
met then call PATTI ROSS 
h 221-5972 



JomjH tXeJpv,xwl & Son« Limited require a Sale* SocTeijry 
traib mporsihihi} in lire Sale? Manner and workinp closely 
with the Sales Team 

J u«cks holiday and «afT divnuni Salary ncgnualde 
Ptcavf comaci Mi-s Jan Tapp on JSr- ?ISI 

Josiah Wedgwood & Sons Ltd 
32-34 Wigmore Street 
London W1H0HU 


If your English French and Spanish are on a par there Is a 
choice lo be made You eouM work at top level in corporate 
finance in Mavtair You'd be between 2S and 35 hare up- 
to-date skills • including English snort hand) be 
soohKlKdied and well-educaled and worth be ween 
C9 500 and Clt 500 AliemamcU' a (wanna! consul 
iitnrv in Cot eni Garden r*c*ds son*-cinc with English and 
French shorthand plus fluent Spanish, (or their Managing 
Pireriw Lots ny organising and learn. ork vou win also 
operate a database £1 1 .OOO Or if vou can get lo Brent 
Cross anti enlm- the promotions Held, a European Market 
mg Dircrior needs your hack up abilities You hate to be 
able ro wnh 1 and speal both French and Spanish fluently 
so urai you can correspond and naise wun clients and 
branches abroad No shorthand C! 0.000 


Recruitment Consultants 
22 during Cross Road. London WC2H OHR 

01-836 3794/5. 


Laid NaUian requires PA from la July 1*8* durmc ner- 

SS 7^L Vers S*" 6 ? iaci *te* ho W <5 

Please ring 01-628 7350. 





rts wilk« 

and in' 
lull br« 

hotel c 
your o' 

For re 
Tel: (0 


as It 

to tt 

1 FT 








Of Li 





and our 
3 quality 

JlSS&Srf* 2 ! a demanding 

T 1 ®*®? mainly to 

statistical work, but with 
administrative duties. We 
to use our Sirius computer 
(systems. You will become 
an aspects of the admmistra- 



Wtth book-keeping and typing skills, yon 
are looking for the challenge of moving 
into a busy office where you can provide 
essential support for the company^ 
activities. You are over 22, educated to at 
ieast ‘A’ level standard are flexible and 
enjoy working under pressure. 

A competitive salary will be offered to the 
successful applicant, together with BUPA 
membership, permanent health insurance 
and free lunches. To apply please write to 
Lin Cantlay. Company Secretary, Cripps, 
Sears & Associates Ltd, Bume House, 
63 S9 High Holbom. London WC1V 6LH. 
Telephone: 01-404 3701. Early replies will 
be appreciated as we hope to hold the first 
stage of the selection process on Friday; 
9ft May 1984 


Simpson Crowden Consultants is oneef the faster growing but 
established firms in the field of Executive Search and Selection. Having 
recently centred our operation in the West End. we wirii to appoint a PA 
in his or her 30‘s, to work with our MD and one of the senior consultan is. 

The position invokes extensive telephone and face-to-face contact 
with senior management in a range of UK industries, particularly 
automotive, engineeringand distribution. Research, investigation and 
sensible confidential discussion with ctientsand candidates will comprise 
the major pari of this role. 

Good secretarial skills, telephone manner and administrative ability 
are pre- requiifies. but in addition our obiectives and standards demand 

the investment of vast amounts of energy and time. Some UK travel will 
be involved. 

Rewards mill be good and include a success related bonus, flexible 
hours. 4 weeks' holiday and facility to progress within a growing business 
sector. Salary indicator 5 figures. 

Contact Helena Rain for an application form quoting reference SS'l. 

Simpson Crowden 


97- 99 ParkS 

in Executive Search & Selection 
London WZY3HA. Telephone 01-629 5909 

£ 9000 + 

cvid benefits 

Ve are a Gn based Inter nntiinul firm of Chartered 
Accountants and our busy Tax Department requires an 
enthusiastic and adaptable person who can take over 
the administration of our client djtabasc which is 
maintained on our IBM SS2U System This position 
would involve data input, files processing and the 
preparation of system reports. 

Additional duties would indude the supervision of 
priming facilities, the archiving and retrieval of 
documents and assisting with upgrades io software. 

You should be aged 21 +. educated to X level 
standard and have 2 years relevant experience. 
Keyboard skills are essential 

Please apply enclosing foil cv to Julia Dabney. 
Divisional Personnel Officer at the address bc!«r.v. 

Deloine Haskins + Sells 
PO Box 20" 

128 Queen Maoria Street _ 0- „ 

London EC-iP-UX 





London's favourite radio station has two 
vacancies for senior secretaries. Both 
positions require good shorthand and 
typing skills, together with a good tele- 
phone manner and a sense of responsi- 
bility. and the successful applicants must 
work well under pressure,. 

Sales/Marketing - To assist the sales 
controllers and marketing manager; word 
processor experience would be an 

Engineering - To assist the chief engineer 
and deputy chief engineer and from time 
to time to help in other departments. 

Salary circa £3,000 per annum. 

Applications to be made in writing, in- 
cluding full CV and sae, to the head of 
personnel. Capital Radio Limited, PO Box 
958, Euston Road. London NW1 SDR. 
Applications to be received no later then 
.Friday 6th June 1986. 


Managing Director 

Leslie a Godwin Limited, a leading firm of 
Lloyd's Insurance Brokers are looking to appoint 
a Secretary/RA to the Managing Director of the 
Aviation Company 

Apart from first class shorthand, typing and 
word processing experience, the successful 
applicant will need excellent administrative skills 
and organisational ability, plus good social 
skills. Diplomacy and tact are essen tiai in deal ing 
with senior management and clients in tre UK 
and Overseas. 

Applicants should be 22 +. well educated, of 
smart appearance and with previous experience 
at senior level. 

An excellent salary with good benefits will be 
offered. P/ease write enclosing Cumcu'um Vitae 
to Hana Smouha. Personnel Manager. 
Leslie & Godwin Limited. PO Box 279, 
EBraham Street London. El. 

LesIk&Godwin Lki. M 

No hassles. No let-downs. Just plain, simple, 
high grade temping. 

A tasteful package of top jobs, elite rates and 
thoroughly professional service. 

If you have sound skills and experience, you 
should be talking to 'The Work Shop*. 
Telephone Sue Cooke on 01-409 1232. 

Rif railmen! Consultants 

Wa are a torse iitfinwtonal Advertising Agency m Sr James Sciura 
and ae seeking an intelligent. Ilcmbte and ■Hnmj&ssnc person, to 
writ with one o< our senior Account Flaming Director Ideal anjd- 
canf wowa Miv weHem arcrn'arul serf's, quod <s*nin -rosrKflc* 
aw} the aWily to nace east!!, win oui siaH a 1 all levels it vou *cu»d 
pipy wortung as one oi me learn and are looking toi vanciy. uwahe- 
ment and increasing resgarsiSiiry wittun the irem? woa J a Dusy and 
MiRiuiannq Aduerasimj a ktotj ifos rouid be too oaconuniiv you'ie 
seeking. We Have tour weefc; hois. STL 2 nd Buna senemes and a 
suSsmisud iiwd and wins (W fw Pursuer ditaib. prrez TbS 
Helen Brawl DMBB, Z St James Square. London 5W1JU-839 3422. 

HUU ll#*Hi 

La'C? lashon -end cwnMftY see*® 
n.iunuc S" S« PA to mrifi nro rne 
jiff i.'im rne 
VC COS4«n OHi'5 crirr^lei. 

j‘.v D*n>e ctunw ana ton gi 
o'uiiUBneui onei? b«m Sr> lynma 
m^-cs j-e exesuan orgarussixinal 

skills ei r^jemji 

errv 01-4812345 
WEST END- 01-938 21SS 



lew oppammtv Pas an 
•nih ins snail ist-equraMv mo 

tessimui MjrBjjnncm Fnaivt 

ConsuWcv for 1 P4/S« U rfw 
MuiM'MI Omiv. Musi be *tcu- 
i aie am well MKenten x. there is a 
peai aeal otno rten am ran Ap- 
hut? Wwar*. lqun>s wnM tie 
mUenm). Suoerti rxwiwn to Be*- 
son win personahiy and dnve 

, enrv 01-4812345 , 

WEST END 01-93S 21SSJ 



CM. calm, romwtent Secrearv' 
AdminisnaiDT mnlonq si Personnel 
mused t* memamui San*, at a 
(■uNe rmioMd ffostoa u^st navf 
eye todrjil ■ .isre.-a- 

as. CMtsKi win sun ind 

rKnuimenT Bawunj benetfli. moit- 

otf. suDvewo STLS. Gei away 
from iitas leoairai role Mm 


CITY- 01-4912345 
WEST END- G1-93S 21SS 




■i iron are JS+ and a qaod 
irBarase* Ihr, Fnxince Du-cfor 
n-ws vw w<n istawinM rom- 
Dut-r rift. so due io emanstfnv 
LTiK .: !/ PS mm rrnnmun 

ill Ivtung 4k dH Ger involved No 
licvv mrk Strong DOWUitv ■«- 
dL-'“d ro Oral cheras m tins 
last-weed otliro 

errt' 01-+S1 2345 
WEST END- 01-938 21SS 

kvenumul Uusc Co with tfwerse 
Dusmuss interests seeks too ttujtn 
sec.'PA to assist the* Profed Man- 
ape* Cerun danrtrl of research is 
mvorvea so » mahoffcal aoproach 
to mrk. an antnune tar hgroes and 
good urgmsatund skits are de- 
saed Superc perte. 

Cm’: 01-4812345 
WEST END- 01-93S 2188 

Prestigrous City feunce House re- 
Dunes a hist dass Secretary -pa id 
M rk to* one dine ww manag- 
ers RessonsAie onsmen provxtmg 
1U1 secretarial and adnamsrafre 
back up organoniq lunches and so- 
cial events Sucerb bmeTts. 
taedmes am Brcstscs 

CITY: 01-4S1 2345 
WEST END= 01-938 21SS 


Take the Pepsi Challenge. 

C. £8,500 

This wdl-hnown and highly successful multi national 
company is looking for an experienced telephonist/ re- 
ceptionist to work in the head office for Northern Europe, 
based in Knights bridge. We are looking for someone with 
a bright, outgoing personality, excellent presentation and 
telephone manner, and the ability to cope with the pres- 
sures of a busy international switchboard. 

Applicants should be aged 25+ and need good, acc ura te 
typing. Other duties include operating toe telefax and 
Cheetah telex machines, ordering couriers and dealing 
with the mail. 

tn addition to a competitive salary, dependent on age and 
experience, we are offering private medical cover, team 
ticket loan and membership of the Company's pension 

If you are ready to take die challenge and would like the 
chance to work in a professional and stimulating environ- 
uil please write, enclosing C v with current salary and 
daytime telephone number, to : Mrs Madeleine Waring, 
Peisoand Administrator, Pepsi -Cola ■'Northern Europe) 
Lid_ 12 Basil Street London SW3 I A a. 



@$>"1 ADVERTISING PA £12,000 

Interna: tonally ad>no«letiq?ii Agency Chairman would like an elegant, 
sca ling oul ot the ordinary PA to fulfill his needs (100/60). 

SW1 PA/SEC£1 0,000 & £11,000+ 

We need two cool calm people to enpy a pressurised working 
jj environment in an expanding Executive Search Co. Aookcanfs need 
3 ICO, 60 + IVPexp together wtti a sense ot Humour Immediate start. 

| IV! SURVEYOR’S PA £10,500+ 

n Onronumry for a sell motivated PA with good presentation tor Sereor 
fl Partner who Mfrtys a busy and demanding emnrontranf. Top skids 
j] essential. Vaned work load and the opportunqy to meet clients. Age 

\ n 3 

100/60 + WP »»REF OLIVETTI ET351/I8M PCBIOty BM 





Join tins well known organisation in the promotion of 
style 3tid grooming, as secretary to their managing 
director. You'll enjoy constant contact with members ot 
the public and a friendly informal atmosphere. 90/50 
skills and Wordstar experience needed, 

£8,500 neg 

A leading firm of PR consultants seeks a young 
secretary to join their travel and leisure division, fl you 
would enjoy a fast moving, young and informal 
atmosphere this is for you. A years experience and 50 
wpm audio ability needed. 

Elizabeth Hunt Recruitment Consultants a 

.2-3 Bedford Street London WC2 01-240 


FASHION £8,000 

This prestigious Mavfar retailer needs a ranl/dent, well spoken 
young secretary lor their Sales Manager. There will be an 
enormous variety of tasks ramung from international chant 
contact to keeping an eye on their beautiful showroom art 
meeting VPs. Skills 90/55. 

STOCK & SHARES £9,500 

Enioy being at the centre of the action? Based on the stock 
market trading floor you II be m one of the busiest, noisiest 
places in London. Lots of high levs) meetings to organise 
(European language useful) and everything needs to be done 
yesterday so fast accurate speeds essential! 90+/55+. 

please telephone: fft-499 8070 
46 Old Bond Street London W.1 . 



SALARY PACKAGE c £15,009 px 

A professional approach and a minimum of 2 to 3 
years successful interviewing experience could bring 
you Bus exceptio nal opportunity to join an estab- 
lished personnel consultancy based in the Aldwych. 

As part of our planned expansion programme, we 
are seeking a further consultant on the secretarial 
division to introduoa secretaries to clients in legal 
practices and in the world of commerce. A proven 
track record in placing permanent or temporary staff 
is required. Experience in running a busy temporary 
team would be highly desirable but not essential 

This position attracts an impressive remuneration 
package on achieving satisfactory results. 

H you have the experience and de terminati on to 
succeed, please caB in strict confidence Mack 
Dinshaw on 01 243 1281 or between 9X0 and 
ICLSOpm on 01 204 6819. 

r Personnel 

95 Aldwych, London WC2B 4JF 



Do you hzve a 
background, a Mgh 
degree of self 
motivation and wish to 
expand your market- 
ing skills? We are 
looking for a 
consultant, 24-40 to 
join our friendly, 
professional team 
placing secretaries in 
permanem jobs. 
Irebafly on a 
temporary basis, with 
a view to panraneray. 
£12,000+ salary 
package. Calf Lyn 
Ceal on 439 7001. 

Coy 377KOO 
West End 439 7001 J |J 


Superb opportunity to eet involved with Executive 
Recruitment. This job nas a great deal of interest 
and responsibility, and it's essential that you're a 
good communicator. You'll be dealing w ith senior 
executives face to face and b> telephone. 

A professional approach is required to organise 
a busy diary, deal with clients and candidates, 
and be involved with all 01-4999175 

aspects of recruitment. 

Skills 80/50. Salary aae. 

Specialists for the 18-25 year otete 



The London representative office of this 
new Japanese Securities Company is 
looking for a secretary to help maintain 
smooth running of this presently one man 
office. No shorthand or audio but good 
typing essential. 

Age is immaterial, although would probably 
suit mature person, so long as you have a 
helpful attitude and willingness to assist 
this Japanese gentleman by editing his 
correspondence and having a good, clear 
telephone manner as you will tie required 
to deal with clients over the telephone. 

Salary £8000 negotiable. 

Please write with CV to: 


Calling all young enthusiastic temps, you will be 
greatly appreciated by our interesting and varied 
clients all over London. Using your initiative and 
skills of 8Q/lO0sh or audio, 50-f typ and good 
W.P.. you will be paid excellent rates and have 
action packed days. Age 19-25. 

Please call: 

437 @032 

/come inandseeN 


Tonight we would like to invite you to come and 
see us in our City offices between 5 and 6.30 
pm so that we can meet secretaries who find it 
difficult to visit us during office hours. 

Fiona, our temps controller, would also very 
much like to meet you if you are interested in 
temping and have good word processing and 
secretarial skills. 

^ Elizabeth Hunt Recruitment CbnsuJianis / 

23 Coliege London EC4 OKWO 3551^/ 



Expanding worldwide insurance busi- 
ness requires well educated, efficient, 
energetic people with good secretarial 
skills and numeracy to work in a team. 
Languages and computer abilities are 
additional advantages but not essential. 
Good training provided age 22 plus. 

°lease provide cv. and covering letter 

BOX B23. The Times. RO- Box 
484. Virginia Street. London EL 


G £11,000 

Tbtf MO of these wen as- 
tabtished conference or- 
(jamsers is looking for a PA 
Io assist with the running 
of the company. 

You wi\ already love sev- 
eral years experience at se- 
mor level, be willing to take 
on mare responsibility and 
be capable of working as 
part of a team in a highly 
motivated and professional 

Attention to detail and good 
administrative sid Its are es- 
sential as you will identify 
new market areas, organise 
budgets, appeals and 

SfefcL- 100/65 Age: 30/45 
WP experience essential. 

629 9686 


Then this cruid be for you Our 
iusaiess is people - ptacmg 
Ulan m executive positions m 
the dotting ndudry. to be 

Expanaon has created the nsed 
tip an addnwd sow setre- 
rary vntn good s horthan d and 
rypng speeds, ta become an n- 
tegraf pan ot our Executive 
Con sultan cy + preude afl at- 
miHsnawi support 

Age 25+ you wtH (nfrnUy 
have had spue per sonnet, 
agency or fashion enwnence. 
Non-smoter Salary to 


Confect Michael Sea tea. 
Mangtag CoosuttanL 

£ 9,000 

Berefits include 5 ' 

__ insurance art a 

J Lm ifysuarair.saresiea^aassn.-g^.^.w.'-*-' 


Ic iWOfsm*eJScas 



. Principally based in May fa. r but oesnteerib /My 
3 travel and work wish jbe CbsKnan is O.i -n. 

Middlesex, this very intcnsting posuioa :n'r » VJS F 
of liaison with professionals and advisers. L ire.?,., a 
pleasant outgoing personality re essential lngcicar 
accurate well presented typing and shorthand >•'" w: -’ 
need to be good organiser and able to dca* 
courteously and efficiently on the telephone. Tins vac.tny 
is for someone with plenty of initiative whe can assess 
prioriues and take conuol of hectic diary- 
Please apply in writing, given full career deads to da;= 
with current salary to: 

Judy Duns tan 

Spcyhawk Load and Estates Limited 
Osprey House 
Lower Square 
Old Isfeworth 
Middlesex TW7 6BN 





Do you want to step tut at 

seaeianari Become Why o- 

tuhea m a tap pasaial 

auvtani rote Itn J»o weni 
busy ftrecicvs Tius posnui 

YTd ecatW you K) las? *tfh 

Chens and Drotessnra peo- 

ple. comaie you emit 
uni e s po nt ega!. wgxise Die 

oitiai ara use afl Thai waneer- 

tul nunanne - you tare 1 
Lunmus ttfficas. pfossects. 

f bonuses md a most nrimg 

career aovanoanem awa you 

m. Swils needed. 

M Call ANNA R086BTS m 
P 8344m 

| i feftiftfr fia fe 
w«BiiwgunnBiw io ii w. aBi > 


25-30? £11,500 

You need both shorthand and Wang exp 
as personal secretary to the director in 
charge of the dealing room of an tr.ter- 
nabonal bank in EC2. Free lunch, 
mortgage subsidy etc. 


As secretary to the Chief executive of an 
investment bank in W1 you wifi have your 
own office and a hectic job making travel 
arrangements, greeting visitors and short- 
hand typing correspondence. Age 30-40 

START-UP to £15,000 

An outstanding opportunity for a PA with 
shorthand typing skills, banking 
experience + a strong admin background 
mefuding book-keeping, to bin a new 
merchant -bank. Call Jackie Sch aider on 
377 8600. 

23-30? to £10,000 

You enjoy word processing, have at least 
rusty shorthand and preferably banking 
exp to work for the VP of a corporate 
finance department of an American firm. A 
tards-eye view of the City from thar 
beautiful new offices. 

City 377 8600 West End 4397001 

Secretaries Plus 

H TheSecretarifdCorisidtmits 


Confederation of British Industry. 

Previous experience working to Senior 
Executive level essenliaL Must be able to work 
on own initiative and able to deal with senior 
people from industry. Commerce and the Civil 
Service. Candidates must have excellent 
secretarial and presentational skills. 

Salary circa £9.000. 

Please phone Sue Latimer on: 

379 7400. extension 2108. 


C £9,000 


This is a varied/in teresting position for an ex- 
perienced receptionist with typing ability. Must 
have outgoing personality and sense of humour 
to work in our prestigious new City offices. 
Age: 23-35 

Teh Linda Gratton 01-622 6068 


Fulltime secretary required lo work on a Berk- 
shtre Country Estate. Excellent shorthand and 
typing speed, knowledge of book-keeping and 
experience wnh and liking for operating a micro 
computer. Confidentiality essential and must be 
a driver. Preference given to someone with pre- 
vious similar experience and aged 30-40. 

Unfurnished centrally heated living accommo- 
dation wnh small walled garden provided, rent 
and rate Free, though this is not suitable for 

Plcme write giving full details to BOX C29 


One Person lodo Uw work of several! Busy Cov pm rurH«n 
Advertising Awnt* need intelligent.^ 
with unuotivr and good organising aoMuy 
ety. wide scope and wosoecte orraceScm 
development for tight person. esceneni career 

AppUcathms hi writing to: 

SttE l ST r ’ ^ * mit ’ 288 Ja »« Street- London 


ES.C00 - E8^M T 

A Partner of a firm of Chartered Survevors in is* 
West End requires an efficient Secret 
have good WP and Audio skills 2B+^‘ Mua 

Pietsam working, conditions in relaxed ainw 
sphere. Package includes WUPa. Bop 5 55*5 
ireeks hoXday p A Telephone 438 4«37 * 4 

(No agencies) 


cftitgrrm viAtzas , - r D 

FM. is* «- « 



nraisra 1 " 

-G Ai ;• snore's «iae 
age- :t •*?' 

c rc^p vw v-r.-jj 

-j.e! pnwnu- 
ci IOC., 60 

irl ’ gc-3ri 


ES,7&>aofrr suss 

:ejvJ:r.g US 2a*- fJs 
cleared a -jjpero eppet" 
nm-N a sk-'^m 
a-rrsi'isfrafor to sta-'t ^ 
a rew cent 

23 * -apW e*? ort 
iEM pc. nave g-Mifi t>p- 
kw. ce -a oom arganir.or 
£T2 aimristfatcr. 

TO E9.500*FREE 

7*ns is a nea pcsdicn zr- an e*cc Cti ri;:5 
ieaiirt? Ore co >ou 
snouto so 22 1 * gooc 
secret ami srainirg. 
rvpir^ auain phis «i<t 
’•-tgc’nc Ecrsor.iii^v. e 
rjg'omat atite :-i noriie 
ice mtq.a arj cca! 

V»? 5 . 

This w: co ha:, need zi a 
we'i preser.iM PAjlex 
wiki audits i no sh» tr as- 
sist an eiec is is 
essentia: you are a peo- 
ple person, discreet. 

pood at aenrn wtr ‘c‘r- 

ct orgar.wtcna! t-'a-r ana 

31 c«cti.'enr tot-pharc 


TO £9,000 

Tins phishing co. loca- 
tion W1, ireeds ii 
switched on. twci 
orgems^d PA.sec, 2D* 
jno sni *.o assist an aj 
» e*tis*ng Manage: 
of content m this ^>S Ihat 
needs a person who e*- 
leys the media and 

01-935 8235 


£*;»-. *a» a. ?-.: r . -w.- 

College Leaver 
with PA 

to £7,500 p.a. 
plus Bonus 

This is a newt) 

ewatmg m- w j n>. 

cpnriy - Qualihpd Cotirqe , 

Lpjwpr Serrpi.-ifY ic kxti | 

thq los:frcvirai world of 

ir.terrariora: i: 3 ing 

Assisnnr; a ?cani of 
young p«e>-uftvi*s you 

wiU hai/e anpiR ucope j 
for using your shorthand ‘ 
and typng skills 
M00,'50wpnn| and ttiev 
«*nfl appreciate your en- 

Please contact 

SOI -491 1868i=d 

: P.A, 

TO ‘ ' 


CITY. , c£9'6K 

Hits ■5jnow iris 
yOTOrtUron, n nr.urusjna 
niemiiepvirmitwii tiMi 
Mrt»w» * tun f M-si 
wi'Uflefnj-ni f nnMiilUK » 

4RB , rtwn.4 Kl j|jnj JC 
swi’^and jn>j n n 

on 01 - 7 J 1 7294 , 54 ^ , 


TELEPHONE 01-734 7394 


J®!? 1316 a iW weH 

SSSRPW tor west 

Art SaHery. Good 

®saenfel iSS 

mum typing 60 wcffnl 

SP toaver 1,5 

have initiative. 

dLJfces in <topencten 8 y 

u, ^ 

Anthony d'Offay 

I :vv: 

A •* •• 


uro Raaortn 


V € w ft ^ 
v c -*^1 


'*** ■ 


Personal Assistant 
to the 

Lord Ma yor of London 
Circa £9,500 pa 

J° rlC m ‘ he Manskwi House 34 Penonal Aitimm to 

2* dlSJErS,^ ftE*" a " d PCrraanCm who “•’P*" « he 

mu f !! 3ue a hiflh « andaTd °f secretarial skills, a 

team A ^ llw personal Qualities to blend into (bis busy 

usam. a non-smoker would be preferred. 

The salary is in a nwcf £9.309 to E10.293 together with eenam benefits. 
Please apply in writing with your C.V. by Friday. 9th Maw to- The 
lS?C™ 8BH° Tl “ R ‘- H0 "- ^ Un3 M,™ House. 


You fast tab is very important and wa can offer you a 
wtde variety of opportunities from Banking to the Fine 
Arts and Interior Design. Why not come along and see 
us and let us help you make the right choice. Please 

437 6032 

H otstoneS 


trading dreaqn • ntAnufarturtnq -marketing company corv 
retrod with twin perionriance office interiors require a 
secretory recepuontd lo vuyoon a small, creative marVet- 
mg team. Must be smart, personable and cwnmunjcaDve 
Preferred age 2S 30. London based 

Commencing salary £9.O0Opa plus. 

write with CV to. Lorraine Cummins, office kit Limited. 
Tne MiU. Miners way. Shepherds Bush Road. London W6 




Young and lively Mayfair based firm require a 
first dass Wang opperalor to cope with a high 
volume of work and a variety of tasks. The ideal 
person will be aged 19-22 with fe y t accurate 
typing and impeccable English. 

An enthusiastic audio secretary is also required 
to work lor two members of our profe ss ional 
department. Good typing speeds essential. Pre- 
ferred age 20-23. 

These are. new positions providing a good 
opportunity in a go ahead environment for self 
motivated people with a flexible approach who 
want to work in pleasant surroundings. 

Phone 629 6501, reference AE 

(No agencies) 


We need someone who has plenty of personality, a 
good sense of humour and is adaptable, h will be 
assumed that you have sound secretarial skills (Wp 
experience useful but not essential), a good telephone 
manner, be well presented, organised and capable of 
dealing with awkward customers! You will need to be 
self motivated, have confidence in making your own 
decisions and be capable of working under pressure or 
eqjoy the slack moments too. A background in consul- 
tancy work and. a familiarity with Scandinavian 
language^ would be usefuL We think you will need to be 
30+ to cope, and the remuneration wfl] be awarded 
according to age and experience. Those who work only 
9-5 need not apply. 

Teresa Chichester, New Horizons, 
01*499 9192. 


The tratmu* of Pnwnrt MmwmmmiI * WtaMrton Common 
non » Onw AbRHdHtrsicv to prarttf. a comNefe adrane- 
moon wran to ensure tn. wnoath naming of an siwn mines. 
Dion include booking tutOUe venue*. ma0ng prtnong d 
mortiunn. Umb with weaken and wdcuming natiopii* at 
cwm. tup motion requfrn someone with an outgoing, mv- 
Pagre"** pj M . my mlJMjiimiiilf (nr detail and o mul I K a no n, 
[xprnnv* in a wmlif tnvmonniair and the aMKv to wort 
wutioul wktvwo am HtaiDal. Starling m nod June, tlus 
temporary apponumenl has amen became Of maimdlv leave, 
and mao wen become a pcrmananl panwm. 

Salary S9JOOO * Benefit* Mutt a Ora stiff muraunt and 
Dwapon (rum WUnMearm Stabon. • 

For mtfrafUn tarm. (drase Mcpnone Attooa Jmgo. OlW« 9100 

or wrtte to. , 

The imutoe at Personnel Ma o a gewra U 
ipm House 
Camp Road 

London SW19 «JW 


Uiuoue ODCxrtHKv F.UWO seam to Wib way gU Djan a 


?£ .Si M m m ctiw i* swrasts 

Seen rnwhemwa «i an mrestng and wnabte po. Qftee m wna Ena. 
Appropnae alary Hr negatown. 

Please send brief CV to: 


Must use WPand have s/h for new Design Com- 
pany based in the City. This is a position suited to 
a mature good organiser with experience. Good 
career prospects and a starting salary of £* 1-00° 


Telephone: 01 -251 8761 for interview. 

Salary Package Range: 
£9,000 - £12,000pa 

We are looking (or a quick thinking, exceptional per- 
son to work as a vital member of a successful, happy 
and bghtty 4 mit team. FuD training and support wti be 
given out you must be essentially a self-starter. 

You should be a good judge of people have the confi- 
dence to protect your personality m a marketing role 
and be a competent administrator. 

You wil need the mental agility to cope with a wide 
variety of (asks, and wiU have the opportunity to be- 
come really involved at a senior level as the company 

Applications are invited from candidates age 21-30 
with at least 2 ‘A 1 levels, who have previously held 
both a secretarial and an executive job. 

Please apply with ful Curriculum Vitae arid a contact 
telephone before May 16th to Box No B73, C/O The 
Times. PO Box 484, Virgina St, London Ei. 

1 = 


fiimn m 
£3,0 DO 

B you are taaknp to a dam? 
B mm as of a scoeun* 
rate the oppcnwHy ftas trsen 
ta m tne U Ores** * Bits 
tete ma o a i company as era 
Acmmstraa The maonty at 
your ww wC be sww «ekmq 
0Wi««i wawnt-i sucows 
ana asssfng me Wesmen to 
ewi me unocm-ranning at 
trafisowraun ana aes Tyo 
Ri) xwy oo*Mver *+ be 
iwajtfM ana yxptnana & an 

th« « a ras> rjmei mewe CM 


c. £10,500 pa 

We require a bright jeU-mo(i«a(<rf socrttan- with uiibanre lo 
worth m the busy dwimans office of a leading Imemaiioiial 
Public Company. The tuscessful apphani will be working. 
dasety with the Gmrnuiu Personal .Hsuwol 
A demanding position requiring a person of inicgnty with (he 
eneigy and cnthiusiasai io become fiilb imoUed m the work- 
ings of die company. Eusdem seasonal skill, required 

Please reply la 
Miss Susan Wflson. 
nbngwonh Mom, PLC, 

I3A Golden Square. 

London. W 1 R 3\F 

No Agencies Please. 


Bmn to tH Motor Memory with orowlng PA 
iWonabUHla.-miMotial lo ihe PrrsuMm of iRirrmlinta non- 
profit research tmeruuon conremra v»ilh Third Worm 
development and environmental issues. Individual mtN have 
five years experience tn smtlar position and demonstrate 
proven abilities lo work under pkhuit and lo deadlines Will be 
mponsfble (or fVesi deni’s correspondence, •ocertwr and am- 
dtt. marrucnance 0 < calendar and appouitmcnt*. Board papers, 
and aopropnale admlnisirain.e sunport to the executive ollKer 
Shorthand. fiOwtun typing and experience in word w wmI iw 
required Salary £10.000 Wild annual review Please apply m 
writing wm, C.V to: 

Mr T Banietn 

Internationa) iBstHote (or Emirontnenl and Dnclotae* 
i Lndstelgn Street 
London WCIS OOO 


Salary £9, 500-El 0,000 

Smal Mayfar tased chemical conoimng company saris semtaty/PA 
IBretuate/ A level) age 24+ Good s uci et t nn softs raqumi (80/60). wn 
a knowledge ol wort pocesung essenori (Vutbraate^GM PC prelerad). 
The succasstJ appbean inust be axe ro wtrrtt urate pressure and or 
ther own nrtrtwe and fie prepared to urienakn a range ri ahutarame 
asks recepaon. Irisptane. tries be. Non smoker prrieted. 

Please write wfft CV tc 

Hr S Hafriman. 3 Cert Shed, Louden W1X 1HA. 
Teiepboae 01-437 6244. 

(Export Uaffion) 

. lor Keadouaners ol main Bm- 
KJi e» o«t group (Central London). 
AnpDCJDons inviwi ham mate 
ard (male canuuies fnopawy 
na/iate 20 ’si vnpi sound aluca- 
fnmi Background. cem w. 
knowledge 'wateness ol expert 
pmtrce and proeadues ml llu- 
enrv r Hungarian or Serto Cma 
ot Puridi lare Mpririiy knowl- 
edge ol German) Mal«y to accepl 
ittponsottay and commwe n 
KB-rounne lean enwmnm es- 
sendai. Approprale Banng/ 
lamicnszfcn interna) and ener- 
nafl BnMded. Some travel won 
U.K. ano Ultunairiy. oppomanry 
lot overseas trips * desnec 
Please wrte. L'anagog Drector, 
Massoys Eieoan* Sriochon. 
100. Bria LotkSxi W1. 

01-335 6$fn. 

In style 
£ 12,000 
4- exc benefits 

Top levet abnagnj Ortcfflr at ths 
ntonafund francs <ngsssinpn s 
tootem it* a to£h cautue sWrwnC 
seoeery/PA wrimp is a pesy 

If ytki have a chameng genonaMy. 
Be aeridy to dsaf it«o people a) al 
Urvtts and wuu<o enpy wonrag o 
Eurentus atnuiXiQs. 
cut kWte 

01-734 2567 

V RccrwHmcMt 


A lawashc ocoonunav » ga 
r a me heomwg of a «w 
bid tagriy sucoesstri com- 
po» reseaith camoffiy They 
at looking ftr a tno« textfie 
person to ad as a hack-up to 
me sales Kara and agarwe 
marsemmas and eriwsionsL 
Your day wfl ncfatOe a W of 
feteotwe ccaad and some 

B you lore eflher oood soort- 
hand or auto sloDs. telephone 
Ml E HBWPWWS mr m 




For partner In May- 
fair Estate agency. 

shorthand ' typing - 
own office. 28 +. 
salary £9.500 plus 

Ol -491 2959 VLP 


Cay imMtnwn! Co with 
smart offsets aose Cannon 
a. km* a pleasant, 
cenpetwii S H to support 
inor Chairman A 1 Mngr 
Post inci. arranrans aPDB 
♦ lots of dienl contact. 
Cnamuna peoole lo * *~ OTk 
for* Mrs MaV Aarw 
68 Cannon St ECb 01-623 


Retro, red bv KemSnrtcti 
Hwh &T«! Estrto AqaiB 
« 1 &I tmiqftL m°4brn office 
HiCh Irvol of wraiaty cv 
vtjui. r«rinanis wuh 
H':re Procossorr; jnrt eotn^ 
PU 5 .TS adjrful 
?a emmaged Jor rrt"i 
pH\on ' Trfr phww c 

HA8PBS SI-933 2311 


Private Medical 
Secretary / PA 

Two consultants- in 
Harley Street area. 
Medical experience 
essential. References 
required. Salary 
£10,000 Per Anum. 

Tel 61-486 5787. 

Finisbiag School/ 

Requrres an awenenretf sk- 
ratary You must be •»( 
educated and will enjoy dreg's 
with paratfs and stwtems- 
Wotdster experence useluF 
not essemal. Age prefered 22- 

of Bond St 

Rrcniitmcnl CcncultanlS 
th 55 pra*ortaf««"£fcf 
BI-B29 tZM 



Chafianging opportunity 
tor ambitious PA (24+) 
urgently needed to 
assist this young team 
promoting leading travel 
company. Good secre- 
tarial skills. 

Call Anna Manners 

[i - 





One of the largest wtematttfBi 
hmi pi monev bokeis S 
locking tor i weraal Sec PA 
lot a new Symtores Deoart- 
mtrt. Iho ptospects »e 
excritetn. and on aomm con- 
lem wJ g>wr mnrtfi by 
tnorth. You wrt otgaresaalDi 
of hod coftfoenees and gen- 
eral functions. 

Call caicwy » tw out mo re 
annul me pwsige gosoon 
WISE osraowsu « ll- 
OI OMfc 


■ - i 

estate agents 

need 2 taghL young, cm- 
going secretaries to woric tn 
Hanunerannh a»l 

Wandsworth with small, 
friendly Ham. Good lypiras 
skills, preferably some WP 

pfensr write wifli CV at 
Befirta ttrtes. 
SolHroa Tbarats. 

3 Seven Star, Corner. 
Prtdenswkfc Road. 
Loadoa W12. 



Lively 6ecretary/typist/- 
recaptionist with some 
experience in audio re- 
quired for professional 
Estate Agency office m 
pleasant surroundings. 
Salary c £8.000 pa. 

01-947 9833 

Please phone: 

01-455 5981 

Susan Beck 

ESR^TMENT.-O". . C'24j 


Vsum. rapatae kct««y 
r, requnjd *® 1, 

InctKfly Fulham onice. 

Excellent typM “d^J- 

hawk essenltal ® prf “T 
and wrtlim Frwcn an rt- 
vanwse excellent safery 

PtBase- phw* 1,1 751 3261 



Yomw hrlshl wc lo 
argaiuw 2 Busy «»»«=■ *" 
Maytiir PR coftsuianey 
Previous PR tVP usefrtbui 
nM essential. N° sh^SJdrt- 
inq salary C £7.500. 

Can now 01-qp9 ISZS 
or 0 l-d 99 153P 




Require entiusiattic, well 
presented efficient Secretary 
with a pleafing personality. 
Good telephone manner and 
accurate typing essentiaL 
Tfe right person will be re- 
warded with a good salary. 
Please telephone 
Sosan Page on 

01-584 6391 



Hie well esmtuebed lastvon 
house who supply trph quaWy 
(acres ro some oHhe Urges 
mad sores ttmwqNui 
Eunxw uraenit, seek a lop PA 
id asss me U.D You vared 
dav wri consei of owsusara 
wth dents and suotnets and 
a knowledge ol Euracew Un- 
aages mud bee real asset 
The oqoorrunrtv in navel 
abroad to attend me fashion 
tans rtl abo t» pwen Your 
exrsten snonnand and ffpinq 
suis wri be pul to good use 
734-49 1L 



CHIT man* CMV clrnix* at* 

uwkmg al teve» or me nail 

Juniors PAs. BOITK- povilionb 

wilTi sli and or audio wp 
nPftPU.hitnoltiwli Esc 
urns Inc SUI» mutnuar C»n 
ucl peart Coianauh a 
WanUMncci on oi «6 


High class caterer*, re- 
quire a secretary fcr 
ple.Kcnt frenetic CSienag 
fnauaaer ai their nc» 
Baucrsua oflicc- 

Tciephone Maria 
01-524 3344 

Accomrr eawjp 


Acfanrenq Accoww Oeoaort* \ 
UK tea exnandatg succesdri 
P« tam It W 1 s iDOMiq iwa 
pa |mm good tnwig and 
awrthandi to agaiuse firr ac 
CDurn leara ano get rootved 
Mm caarts. raeases. 
Uincres. tnrirtfls etc. for fur- 
tner news ikease uu umy 
Lutyens on 

01-581 2877/2947. 


Raoured lor cuhte property com- 
paw n oteaart Maytaa incsuit 
for curapany stowy. won me 
nwiumv W •wk m a sma* nm- 
fesswnaf ream environment. 
Wort oroeessmg (Wordsaf ex- 
penence (HrienaJ or wultr^iess 
io He tart Saury iKt.-ioQ 
BLJPA and sereee noma MWh 
£9.750^ Prow sharing strum* 
jvariaDU plus « neete nofcoays. 

Tetephon* Sum on 
m 629 6531 attar 10 am 


C 0 im<U. LONDON w*ctnd 
priurnm avail***- vhorl kanq 
I (dim Rina Ol 7 SOS IT» 

HUNTS PK vwi Soac Lux. 
Liam a RM COM na* f VR CO 
LH L160 PW 267 Z6S2 
SEE MC Mon l txMraomrU n>i. 
CM mow tea nw Oinw* tan 
G27 MO homrtOMroi's tdl 9 
$W7. Hid- Purk Sup- to S in nr 
■ Uil in pO tkvk 3 brarm-- 10 * 
rrt Full mHHiai 936 9612 IT) 
SWC. Deiiotiirul aoufw 1*0 oar 

cK-n i Uil Parkina. dov: l hoc 

Ci^Sow 01-434 1031 ml 309 

5 W EluaiO. » r. ptinoe. nr liipr, 
turru-ti rarpHs. £oO pm Oltien 
tJ 7 2010 HonwKKalorv 
FULHAM onaniim mull 
ccallupr - Umrt». imemp. lull 
mup nrw Uil mnrr. vunnli w- 

riua-a qUn. elnui funs CO Ml 

Kn.ich-nlv Llei&pwTmlOJ 7 So 
1070 228 *VW8 

0-nr.>w,(l 1 hflflrm IUI nrvi lo 
Gimn»Kii potu L-*r or cmrral 
pn»iilf »0 9 <in Sn Uiiiiio rm. 
PM hjllirm. COH_ lull iOUi>le 
L8J nw 319 oBSO <11 
WENT YOUR PWNnuwt wun. 
out Cjin’mi PotlM For 
imntMiair ier-iffl ai alftrartili* 
oner-.. nn-i Mr Mirturt 

Lftrtiurs VHin Mr dim Cm 

fnflfv tiiS M«4»*i5 
SW4. SutH-rf mu- in unm.* or 

rj-r in pliap Rmrnrv cloxe 
Lounw rm 2 Iwin 
nrdtriiv kkB who even-fun 

urv Co k4 uzbow LShOPI 
ISc- 6503 



m« mi M M "r fumcmed tc 
nqnee .1 « sta^’ds 2 tens. l« 
CDU* itzep 2 W. (»- e : 

1 ’000 pt Ed *i 
SWiD buuiilij amd re tic u'fr. 
onea saeso ra 3 acres o: w-c- 
sudeO gon 3 Decs 3 'eceo 3 
nams *k mae-wies iajo a« 
Lrwo Civ let 

SWIfi UWuro wm 

Di«v 01 r 4 Decs 2 IK*. 
? nans SJJDrw Lore Co Lrt 
SN7 uraun use m rn-gn-soi Km 
V'lwe 3.4 u#es 3 •*?. i t 
uni £600 fh* Long Cc Iff 
7ms is msi a stfecntm of cur 
prooerties. Please gwe us z 
call & we can teto yoJ *» 
your search for a home >n 

JiJJy Anderson U Jide ‘.Viggns 

01-244 7441 

94 OU teanpua Hoad. 

Loadoa SW7 


athini Graham 


InreoUe low buft hose, 
deri tor entenarMg 4 beds fen 
sirie nauTsi 2 reaps, ta. gas 
iaq ta. £800 p« 


Pretty tarriy Mlet n good dec 
arts. « beds. 2 toms. 3 recto, 
ta. £450 ow 


Eftreraeiy na isJ Boo* Hat • aB 
brand new 2 Secs 2 lew. 
reap. ta. ten 5375 d« 

10 MortMte' Mras 
Lanooo SW7 
01-SE4 3285 



fur 1.-2 m w u 1- 7 PO. 2 
tuflM. Ml UK. Porter. Co I n 
1 yr plus £350 pw nel 

01-225 0433 

Rents CITVQSUdw. 


rage 2 rart*. 3 bed. 2 MOk 
tori terser £335. 


Ctoma* terms roue. 2 Md. 2 
reqs. tori wnct E3SS on. 

-01-3704329 - 

Park. Seanrave Road. SVvc 
Award-winnuxi deveioproeW in 
randseapwt around, cxnc to rrre 
Sal Cud. witn pm ale K»ure 
cenire. swiimmnn pool, eit Sm- 
iflOMin of studio. 14.2 bed 
atunmens TO LET Irani CIOO- 
£27 Sow All sapetmy (irted A 
lumnlml. Cnmpanv Ins only 
AvaOaJWe now vtrwirmj 12. 

Op tn. Sunday «Wi May 108* or 
p hoim Cneovrlam Residential. 
937 7244 

DOCKLANDS Wapprod Super* 
Genevan House. 3 beds. 2 
hams. 2 reresrv fully ruled uu. 
staff run. pntaie partn** ac 

C«» m gardens £37 Sow 

Studio Oats in Wmehonr con- 
version. fully fitted hits t baths, 
from £f I 0 pw 2 f-d flat in 
smart n*w estate witn slurunnq 
view ol Tower Bridge across or. 
namrnui canal £ 160 pw 
Cannon Strum a, Co oi-4*» 

KAUNC HJ DelBWful 3 bed- 
rooms Rnurv nouse. c.Ti 
narauef floors, lunuture and 
lectures to a very man uandam. 
modem kiichen. rose «aroen. 6 
mins irom PircodiUs- line and 
snops. available immediaiety 

£ 226.00 ow. company let 
Meffrred. wortfr veiwrng. 
ptione 01-679 5712 for 


modem Lxrcirove nouse. oou- 
Ue In mo room, sends, duty 
pguigped kitchen. 4 bedroom s . 
2 bat rvr rams. 2 qa rapes, garden. 
Crcfic Id good scnools Come- 
■uem arm lo CarwKh A 
Heathrow Co let pel erred. 
£460 gw Tel Ol BTO 0309 
lux Hats fnnuses £200 CIOCO 
gw Usual fees req. PbUlun 
Kay a, Lewis. So urn ot the Park 
Cnedea office. 01-3*2 8111 -x 
North of me Park Regent's 
park office. Ol 722 &i 5b 
house. NWl Looks 

rriunwtMf Pano aarden. 
Parkma space secure ivliao- 
.S200PW red 01-3** tvtsz at- 

Kr fe 4 weekends or 0484 
2HS82 jitvtime 

NISH CO Rawed oeound (bw 

iuu M' decoraiM. 1 dwe 
iwdrm. 1 sale gednn. FF Ml 

v. nn w n>. Dainrrn. bngtil 
rocep. cornnany lei. £18ft»w t 
vr* Around igwn 229 99oc 
EALING. 3 beds ground floor Hal. 
WHinifullV lurnished. some pr 
nod Mr* es. L,im*«cape oar dm 
with patios overiookmo pork 
Cl «6 per week Te| Ol S87 

EALIKC, S beds grnund floor I Lai. 
beaimfully lurmidira Some pc. 
nod w«ee Landscape garden 
i-iin ttaaos dverfoohine pat*. 
£175 per week Tel 01 S67 


Good conversion Flai with 
neutral tfecoranons & modem 
furnishings. 3 bedrooms, 
double reception, modern kitch- 
en & bathroom. Available 
Immediately for 6 '12 month s. 
£190 per week 
Hotting Kin Office: 
01-221 3500 . 

Wde range cl qualify furnished 
and unfurnished piopen/ 

■ Full Manaoement Service 


• Legal Ta» Advice 
■ Petsonai'sed Sewce :nrougn 
7 computer linked offices 


A beautiful. newV decorated 
and furnished Q” bedroom 
Flat. RecepUon rtP; double 
bedroom, kilchen.-w^hroom 
Available immediate ‘it- j on g 
Company lei. j- 

£140 per weffk 
Pimlico ' Office: 01-*».?«S8 



Be satifficA' aurftViC JT>r. srwvnf.s tivm m *r»z. twm ami lumtsMv n&. 9n ij- 

ro j.-a ot Cnc CntKM Ip, re.r.e rwr. j ou®- yr.-ir; an ^ 9cw Sue* are g>m ire ^ of wrtiw aw»uMe 2 ago* 

lenm* a '7 beowta 1 2 '*crtMn itwns 3 a'Monm^. Bcwooms RKepiia" roora. 2 unuouns iiaw s-rgji ww- 

sciuTie * C . lum iTta ■i-treo £7D0p.w. 14-e* 1JOU P 1 *- 


[icHem dev drf-giwf tm n naKiI locatwr. *rn y/ EitrHeni Brtbrivo rtinw ifewn"^ "« * imrpiea wott- 
<A &uua*» Uflflr-i Stewroi i-c-nvn ra:"i> 'utfv i DonDe ieteoi®h »oom tijH, nneo wict^o. * OWDie jj-ati-itw. 
•iicftei 2 flBXJt wdi-r.ifi Mrvoi/ir, ag; '.<Dai 3 i± zrc CSQB foTi-oom. ShiJ'fw hf L 4 W P-w. 


6 Arlington Street, London SWlA 1RB 

01-493 8222 


178 Sloane Street, London SWL 

Exclusive Properties : Exceptional Service 
Ex pen Advice 

Tel: 01-245 6811 


FARK-V-r .. 

. 'SU-MkA.' 

BSWJff SO SWte. 

W teosnsl 2 bM fat Prtfi 
am. S 1 B 0 d» 


Soacns 2nd boor iranson 
W. 3 drif tedms £230 f>». 



01-949 2482 

REDCUFFE GJUWEKS. SWS. SxbeO i ft <£ rut wsrttni. ie {■»»»> qor>-> 
7 M’t ? kif m ®ii oat L 1 ** :*»■' t « 

TEDDUtGTON. OrtKrtuig iota LisrtV 2 cb'i bed If,’. « sn*> io er 
Su>te ) rufft 6 ifr. B*> tn i oil P* 

UftRSHftW COimr. SKI. 19X S rerro aewmeo I btr tut Ad ma- 
cmres. Wilking bSUKe CiU(i»a & tt€£nenvi ilK 6 * ire r r. A 

BfAUFORT ST> SW1 5-gW A Ktcus 2 bed Hal Lge ta art "tecemK 
i29C b* 

KENNIWirON. SE11. NMv loro & Set 3 brf *>M Sra fmo pano & gun 
Am*J »if til mV*** Smite ptmi ixns-es n 70 p* 
CLAYGATE. SURREY. Dfi ijfnav nse VJeil tuiTi & OK 3 bras. 2 'ecu' 
Close Oaygaw Sin £450 pm- _ 

FULHAM. SWS. AJtiarrirt 4 pm. 2 beiti ttwranse P'ery gfl" 5 rams 
FtdUTi Eroaoway rate £275 dm 

• .Qunals^l 




Beautiful 4th Hoot tlat with 
M 2 n lovely conveision 2 
bedrois. 2 tofnnns (1 en- 
suite). large recep. FF 
krt/b fasT rrn. iminacu- 
fately decooffid & 
fumshed throughout. 

01-225 1972. 


■ Residenliartj-ltinQ, 



W« taro a suoerb setoctan 
of personally rospeewo lur- 
ntsnert and unlurrumed 
properties «1 irony fine Resi- 
dannai Sksmcis, ranging 
from Cl 50 pw to £2.000 pw 

Tel: 01-486 8S2S 


Sraoart KTiarik-PX' lunwnfg 
imww on ;si i i-v r dim 
2;3 teas rtetr tei? Ci»S 
study worn Fwo un 
c;y!b* mri Ch rwr: 

lC«r/ SIliTiO Hit win 
•jrtWC area. &l.*0i0 non’ t>C: 
kii tiiin ute oi Scrpic-no £.'-50 

^ Cl SSL 7646 

IRii/ Graves 

(UTF41H. wi 

SreciKaU' iimtfln: IU to I'l iV 
dm-: br.wwuJv nvu’i-" >.fl 
l»d» iu i -not tnnordfi Duel rv 
mnK nun bigr Pi'« H <**l \d 
•w rfiw»o a 5*w »i*a"i r 
mu m, umi ia& rem 5<ww 
r-.nmq a hone of araek-iio* 
^q»oc« a ire ■aion iirturerec 
jdd -Jvt » loo lo ires pmo-n 
«««fi musi u sco, EbWi iuc 
argjw map to «mi> rat iwv 
-VH*UK mpfl 04 3 ICUWiO ot» 
on- ! bate t««e* to nxm- 
CHW. Ch Id «. coeuom Gva^ng 
Mf Bv vy yrmyr^nt 

£136-00 P«iH Ol .*902776 


Sonmdslreni Hyb* Park Srtpr- 
Imre of l or ? b-droomrU luvu-v 
fMs u> rlroanl DmK non— 
Nrwty dccorofflU ano lurm-JwO 
to Mob <aaiKUra Sremmv. 
gar v mg Comgany wv or-rrrro 
gn snort longirmt From £360 
pw rw«i Oakn Park Csuhcs Oi 
na 6631 

(MCHTSBMDCC Brand rww In 
irrior ac wgneu 2 bad flat wiin 

French windows omo oar*. 
Hum Iran Hi ano luv bam and 
snowrr Oumh building wiin 
goner and I in Long co in. 
£460 pw Goddam 6 SfWrtrt Of 
930 7321 

BAKED SUBLET lam N~-lv dre 
orgiod furmsnra ful ciom" Vi— J 
Ejrva Rocmp. dole nra. cn sum- 
bain. k»lrb. own CH Minimum 
I yaar Go let Onlv £136pw 
antton Pgotc 6 Burns 01 722 

DHL WICK, ovralnoklng wooo' 
and golf course 4 re-o lurnrem-C 
town home. re-wry 

titled -draoralMf CKree sranon. 
12 mui Vx-iona. 14 mm Cnv 
Company Ejntvwsy Icl £I7S 
BW Trt 6 oO 2012 


ri. newly iriurrwvrd Iwo bod. 
i wo bam liar, al roar ot otco-k. 
overlooking mows. Double 
receo. large kiitnon. eikem 

Porter cim. C h. £425 pw me 
Co ordy Tel. Ol oOS 54S0 

mn .1 2 bed nse wiin preuv gdn 
Silling amino. 1 ": nams. kiL 
Avail end Mov. long ot £-» OO 
pw inn maifl anti aaraener 
MasFciis Ol 6»1 2210 
currenlly we* mo good duality 
remaf acrommoaanon in 
central Lond-m lor wailing 
company kiunb Ot -9S7 9w*i 
CHELSEA Bern part Luxury Out 
flL lullv pguigped flai 1 ren-p I 
bed. a * B. indeg. CM Co Lwrvj 
Let £286 p w Tel 351 4107 or 
Weekends 022S 31 3360 
CHELSEA Loved unfurnished 
house newly decoraien 4 beov. 
2 bains, mvelv lsl nr draw rm. 
dm rm kil. ultlily rm. gun Co 
let Ur 75f»w JCH #29 COJo 
EAUNO. DelalChed 5 bedrooms. 
2 reeegnons. 2 bams, gat cen- 
tral neannq. garage garden 

rumlsned or -arm tumnnro 
Company l« Tel ObOS bOWcC 
HAMPSTEAD. Soper lux elegam 
flai. 2 beds, wood panelled sgo 

row loyfior. new i f kiichen 

Clow lu uansiKirl £175 pw 
Tel- 01-431 12o3 
HOLLAND PARK. Finn rial in 
ctunniH Georgian house Dole 
Bed strung room. laiue 
kitchen diner, bdinrnam £96 

I pw Tei 727 4701 
HYBC PARK Sa Marble Arm. 
Delux t bed rial over I sq puns 
Supers oroer. aaraginq avail 
Long ro lr 1 .£?SO pw prara Ac- 
, ion 502 325o or 2M *622 
S w 8 tw iuoe. Lux l dnie. 
nvd. Vj, balh. reeepi . palm. 
CM .aiarmvO 5J lOpw Tel: 01 

231 <K«9? 

REECE MEWS *W7. Lliiqu- 
mrm nse on 3 iii» 5 bens. 3 
ruins, recess kil direnO. doe 
Avail end April 5 mil- £AOO 
pw MasVrth. Ol 581 22:0 
STUDIO a- ailabl*' liKI off Inner 

SftXiiB- 6 Irm-l ISO-dtot LJSmr 
idln And e W inrllV Lar'y-I 
iintfv up U 550*31] PTi» Pn ^35 


MJBnrfirerrt newlv ft- sp.iru.ui" 

lnv turn flat 1 DMr re-q. 1 
PwiH K ft R CH tlW a" 
r -1 01 794 87‘?1 
smai! i bra fl.-i in kiwis 
liicdrRuyd Gde II MO T Fit. 
wash kiail ful linn D-SObro 

Trieohun*- 0 l«o 8 It Jo 



l»C enn 'll man 2 6*85. Ott? 
wi furry fro act tarn ET75 


RsSxilftb) iqn>iiOf Ctsionen gnO 
*11 fw vow rtuce tool ice 2 
beds OSv ntell. 'uil* fit! L 0 
tar. iJTS pe 

Sninriinq jnltmenro 4.6 bed 
m.? OLCWJted lb V star- 
c? *c " - recep?. tisiiv no «r. 4 
burn. £Cr. ■ LjOO u* 

01-352 Bill 




^#t-ioi erwree 'Kireree « 
-.4fV an»*C1nrt SC'C DC-OuWir uf« 
S btctnoms ftil en sum 
F-. llv U'-Ji. luR«.>c 'be*! com- 
DWv Iff 

£4/ifi0 pem 

Teb 62S 9B76 
•>i. «24 

Quality Houses 
and Flats in 
SW London, Surrey 

AH 2reas 

let 037284 381 i 
Telex: 8955112 


SeauMuf 4rti floor flat with 
lift m lovely conversion. 2 
bertrms. 2 batnrms |1 ep- 
surte). larpe reoep. rF 
kit/D fast rm. immacih 
lately decorated & 
fumisfred tnraugfrairt 

01.225 1572. 

L'jiL , Pi ti 

rAepiderd* ri ngs 


vve Kn r gppiKafiis from mmn 
naii-jru .1 companies urgently re- 
auirmg homes in Uie pnmr 
ar<-f of Nunn West and central 


PImu mbcf 
tomatman Horn on 
Ul-724 3160 

commELD road. sw7 

Stunning Hal on SDkl teveL 
Lge receo rm overlooking 
gdn. Fined M. 0 m nri. 3 
tods. 1 bath. 1 shwr rm. 
tumsned of unlurnehed. 

Attractne house with garden 
consoling o» 2 beds. 2 
bams, ante recep m. study, 
direng mi lo seal 8/10. In kit. 

SL James House 
13 Kensington Square 



Bngni * voariagv 3rd iloor 5 
flai vei , 1 ) Kmbwme work 
moment, irom Regenls 
Par. ReceglKm. luUV 
rg nipped Ml men. 2 dwe 
MfrnM. OaUtrm. Clkreil. 
ty-ripv. IO rncl CH CHV*' 
l ill 4 porterage 

3 'lorry Bouse vl in 
roowed iww moments 

Rmvuon kiimrn. 2 dbte 
immw. 1 Mule nedrm. 2 
■Minrms. rikren. brivaie 
pare mg. £4urjow 


Kre*<v refuraateT bas*cjl*v urtuf- 
nisreq row eras, wi wu'omera 
imvl 2 bees. mqe. W.'Ortrei rm 
Safft on sun s CA 6»9e te t n 
Cu s. Empasste. Bank? omy 1 -/i 
iren £250 pw E«c raies 

S Harley St. WI 
01-637 8471 


MW, tv we luv lur 
imbed rial in omel area 2 
bed 2 rer. UK. Pauo ft Cell, 
Suit Person bwiiig Privacy 
Xiao pw TH.OI «K5 41 le. 

HOLLAND PARK EguKilr newly 
0-1 y. rated. I hetl maee.nelle 

wiih. large bathroom. Mlvnen. 
CH Jn .1 vunnv rnd lerrace 
LrtO p w cOMF -mV UTT 
Tel Ol 229 461 J ■ nay i 


Lmer. i iv r*ouio- llaiv ft houses 
in centra London inwn C 1 50 in 
£ 2 .-»j pvy Pk ica rail Salnr 
Quen or locraine Campbell on 
01 9S7 9bdJ 

REGENTS PARK Harley House 
l mum 5 bitv 3 bofnv i irrv 
keretre on, no nan LSm 3 
vtv Cl 5 OOOp-i be rm*. rins. 
light Illlm-jc lei saie J 99 nuai *>700703 

ST SOHHS WOOD 600 janfc 
Aniernar ucnooi re Lornon 
Lniurn 5 beds wiin Uuiil In 
w.-trnropet -j twins 2 rente 
V»*l5 - CS Mf Bre. 1 * roar 
Piirljm LMOpu 87'.v2S7b 

WEST END 10 nrin* Superbly 
feonvntM virtonan luirashd 

tH.rre-,4 6 bed*. Xnaite.. Sleep. 
Bryssti Incncn. cr>n.iervatnrv . 
gen oar.yoe. garnen. £3000 O 
pw tel OI4>2P 3996 

WI€ SUNNY, spacious eleqanl. 1 
ben ilai newly derorated. pas 
Id Miade, ill moo rnm 
Cnnia-rt Lonva let 01 242 


W14 SUNNY, spariouv •Heoanl. t 
n-d tial newly pecnrai-fl. pas- 
tel juft-, working French 
marnie 1 1 replar r. all mid ropy 
lldOpw C McGill 01242 Jo62 
WEST KEN Mod complev F F 
Cn.yrnnno lux 4 bed inw-nhM- 2 
halns ran. qae L325pw' me 
F E luv 1 dblr bed api lovely 
view £150 pw inr oTS IBOo 
AMERICAN B*nl urgenlly re. 
g.iire* luxury Hals and naues 
iron, 1200 £1 COO pw Kinq 

Bur«'C.E3bl( l Aooift58l 5136 
AMERICAN Protrwuir will Ireri. 
aiicr vour Lundon ilal iot 6 14 
nxmiro and fur mDOe.i rent 
Call Ol a6tt f ujj 
ASHLE 1CH ESTATES specialise 
in iisiiim and leriing in c enrol 
London Own an our n.» Mai 
lair rente nn Of «J9 0394 
Kith Nisir M25 LrOOprrn in 
(limes rales and yardner Ol 

3-4 i>md 

BCHR A BUTCHOFF for lirvury 
oroperlip- mSl Jonns Knod Re 
*p,\ Park. Mania Vale. S'- -Vs 
Oill ft HampsKvm Ol 6*0 7 Sol 

kraUHTyBRIiKC flats muys 
aiailant now ClOO I OOO pw 
D urges- 01-561 £136 
CHELSEA Supenre rentals IA2 
beoioom tuts Irom £14Qpv, 
£,m n-n own homes pc.-rw 
Gavin Cow per OI -3=1 bTS2 
DOCKLANDS. Hoik—, and fi.rts 
mrougnou, ine nwajaiuts .nisi 
to ta-i Dm-» lands Property Cen 
ire 01-166 1H52 
FINCHLEY N1Z 3 Bed. toutwe kil 
and bain UCH tvewli lur 
nisnvd £110 pw Tel *46 
rerween 9 .1 6 Mr Sneer 
FULHAM S c lie imresi e» 111 3 

rnone. large aii. QAin tiiSnw 

rr. in ih Marv Tie 713S p,| 

HOLLAND PARK Hoc -a 5 beg. 

7 twiJii* fnrn CCH. lor n.|n 

■re eir.s O- c- L-r fr| ?.'? 
?-4l6 'KV. Ol revs 71S? 'e> i-i 

HOLL6N3 PK. -c 

ire r* i.rt llq Iflyn.a' Kit din 
L— . ■ .j L'.anpi a-'k t’o Lh 
ci«5ft- ■?; T-: 

LEX OH GARDENS W*. l*«l«lld 
c tutf ■ OJ-.n usd ■jae-l'jnni'q 
UaiH'.-r. 0 C'HF 1 ' ear 
L:9 j f - 01 TtSil 0198 

F.W.GAPP iM.inaami-m Sen are* I 
Lid require pr.xaorlies m renlial 
-..uin and west Lnnnon areas 
Inr Waiting jpplicanftOI 221 

HENRY B JAMES ConlACt us re" 
nn y*l 2 >6 "bed mr inr tWM -e 
liftlion oi au-tush-d Pats and 
»>,aas tor-in in kinofilshnilge. 
F .-n-anulun and ythte .1 

ft eyea-iilive' Ufleialiv sr-k 
giiatnv pr'apaarlieft in all ccnirai 
li *m L nndaan areas For alien 
lion pic,** ring ft 93 d MJ4 

MARQUE ARCH 2 tod town 
reside 3 lireiTs lounge dining 
loom palio l v r in Icl ro onlv 
no aua-nre LTHSOO per weet 
ire oi So 2 Iran 

PUTNEY. Fully lum s t super 1 
o-tUMi' bedroom flat New dr 
cor Inge dining, v ft b. ch 
Hardens Co ih £90 pw EarH imue ToJOl 7» SCI 2. Ti 


avail ft rend mr diplomais, 
e»etuli» ft Long ft short fri* in 
ail arasts Ijpfnena ft Co 48 
Albemarle Sal W 1 Ol -499 Ma44 

SUTTON, rtnv la v»e« Sullen 
sialion. 2 nndrnompd vupertbv 
lurririeo I si iloor rial wile 
healing jnd nw n oarage PW 
per monin Tel 61-393 3123 

ft Co have a larvae sHertion re 
Hats and bouses avanauc tor l 
was-k * tram Li iCpw 499 

W14 BROOK CREEK Kerrs Spa 
noie, newlv fciurb lsl Itr 3 
tod Hat 2 rrosi / t Fit dinar. 
poncT gdn. o s parking Nr 
tube £200 pw 992 MvL? 

HAMPSTEAD. Adurent lo Heath 
Charming ft »par 2 pea J traep 

are UV' ow Vflitun WiKon ft 
Co OI 794 I iftl 

LITTLE VENICE W9 tun tty and 
spotless, wen rial Lrae dble 
Ud rm Fulli turn CH Phone 
£»CU pw Tel Ol 2M6 7461 
LUX mODCHM House S Beds, 
newlv lurnisnod IO Miras 
Oil WI Can Ping £700 
pem Ol 388 5914 A tier 6 pm 
LUXURY mews n raise Rearm- 
Park 2 dial fid, 2 renia. CH. 
luitv furarened. 1 year Cn M 
£070 p w Tart 01-102 b39a;>. 
duuon Mon Ttaur Ccmlortnote- 
i, D (15 pw- in plrauni Flai 
lei Ol Ie-7 S58C* 

NW2. NEASOEN. Snperbfv deco 
rated and furnished urtiix 3 
Iwh house Carden, 
£2=0 pw Ol 997 4791 ,T' 
PHLICO 5W1. Beautiful fully 
modernised one bed rial wilh 
seeiuaaat paiia.LI aOnw Tel 01 
2 Jo 2182 day Ol -821 9104 eve 
SWI LOVI-IV r enrage. Z dbte beds 
tssn wnn bain en Slide, reeep. 
til. unlnv mi. small palio. 1.0 
Ire C27Sew JCH 828 OXO 
SW XL. 5uperp (re inimar order 
2 ra<ep^. 4 bedims. 2 batnrms 

lire t It. win rsaat lerr edr Co lei 
L260PW Lv ham 7J& 6bCxJ 
0X79681 Tne number in renaem- 
tvr wnen seeking ten rental 
pciwrlm in teniral .md prime 
loid:.n ara-ay £i5*j £2.<>50pw 
U.S. COMPANY ses'ks fum prog- 
enies m nesi leirim areas 
CAUSA k. ft OA5CLEE ,E=Jale 
Agenlsi Ol 5n u Jafti 
lldls ft nOUM> in -rutTii Lam. 
din Lena ft vnm , I els Srkdtd 
Fiat- aato 9144 5 
Lu* 2 laai I—. * gard and (sal- 
eraav L^t ae. -ss i ilv £!30 
p « Tri ul hlb 84 It C\1 Ml 
W12 lullv turn self ronbuia-ri 1 
bed llal tune 1 . 4T,'i jam - 
O.THrsil rail Hi-lene Tel Cl H36 
teW ' il-T 33JC 
AOC APTS - 01-957 4999 Let- 
lino A MaraikTuini :< 
Iwtrss n- pilgnte :>?■' 
BARGAIN; ( orqrni £ps pw \r 
tulw.i.s-.rai notwlN nh.r. ion 
e.77 2010 HnmeV> alors 
CANONBf)HY 3 tnj hreM>. non 
CiLH re wli derraalagi CIBO 
pw no snarers 22trOi2o 


SWI. PIMUCO. Altrartive 2 
rexiroomrei iRrMnn dining 1 
a h. and uiililv f*om. ex t-’C'a 
p. m Null 5 Co Lsl «M IOBp 

SW5. I ■ ills mi’diTTined luv nr v i 
ton Hal 2 Mins lute- bus s.«m 
sou-, n: Fpineii I*'! e Veto- 
m>n tleO pw Tel 236 “rv'l 

mue heorm I'ai laiue ri«'P > ft 
D Pi's lurmiur-. 1 ti r * •» la-« 
rympini lei Kt Ol UJ7 j:-i 2 

CHELSEA small aiiraviive nisre 1 
i l Vo p-s u monltis now- Tel 01 
jcu T|r4 

RICHMOND. Range re 2 to-d 
inunai- Hals >125 1.145 pw 

Pm.rv Ol **ao 4 j»56 

CHELSEA Lm rev flai lo M £160 
pw Ol 361 


spa flair, umunn IS«r (lad 3 

bedrdomr . 2 bains. |n mg room, 
dining room. * lirnr n. ftaJlw.ii 
f pj.i.e semi lumsfKd. carpet 
ed. all mreb-rn applwnres 
Opere. onio 3 acres ol private 
ai*>dre> Weal inr tamilv Oorpo 
r.aie ire l y-.ii piift t J 75 p w 
1 tis (.Olenettu* Crt. Tel OI -5.SO 
ZJftft or 37.J Jog.! No .iare>i- 

peu fuTnibtosl iinlurnr-nrei 
Ihiir.. imm rmd slay lur J 

moiiins Mim w w iimn easy j* 
ere oi V> inihu-rein Ol 49 J 
8889 evl 215 iTi 

CHELSEA. SWS Carnal value Hal 
in quire renye F-a«-,gj wnn ran. 
mr b.ilcraiv 2 tote, new kil. 
tviin with stoiwcr-ftreopw 
CuOles 8.-8 R25I 

Lumitiousiv 2 a bis res) lira All 
survir.-v i_o tei £X«1' r*» R r 
I ... tv.} I. ri ft Pinn. 734 6425 

iL*i i ■single proles— onal only) 
£sO f. ‘s Ol 152 (lAOb 
CHELSEA F urn ] WT. ? 
tjeornis k a o Dak orv £155 
dm 509 4773 <moT7W ft evrei 
3 rr-un i Ira Non sn.,r,nq 
£180 d w Tel Ol 94o 4896 
ire-re Sinai pro* nmv C "110 per 
aieirr.T TelOAftrJ 620497 am 
DENMARK HILL. 3 bed Him hvr 
Snivel nn r.A*.o pm Mm i vr 
Tel 0303 JOKA8 Avail now 
CAST LONDON beds, I m™ t if 
carpels, rr iru,i-b.-*t LiO m> 
Olhefsfc27 2510 Homrlur-jlors 
FULHAM T. F mod five 2 recep. 4 
tails 2 pains. gg» snort, tong 
lei T«H ,3223 B43686 
CARDEN 2 re-arm TV ptione. nr 
luiie nilas paid, tad pir uiners 
627 2ulO Hontelocatbrv 
GO WEST) | bw mi. Pots ok 
tort*. Tv adn £70 pw Otbeev 
527 2510 HomekicalGrk 
HAMPSTEAD lovely rNtennetie. 
wiin lerrace an cremnns. 2 

mm» t£5C' pw id 01-1355919 
HANDY CITY breren Win inr. CM 
wajjier nr Here.. £SQ pw ClUl 
erv 527 2610 Homrerealnrs 
HANDY TUBE! 2 bed. rer pi TV 
CH. narking, phone. (4p pw 
(Jlhe»yo?7 2610 Homeior jioiv 

WMfCATE. Luxury nuflonefir 

? •’^35- j? bains 2 iRvpv. nev, 
k»l. tioOpn Aftral 458 4 575 


viiifi m^urv i>ou«x-- 2 h 

ran. Long Co la-1 584 : 103 
LWTLC VENICE W9 Miner*. * e 

• ■irnwneg ryel Irg, 

Photo C5S p vv T.-l 2ft6 7461 
LUX SUNNY tatrntv l>a prs 

home 4 means 2 *reiri« t— 
niths £3:0 pw Ol 722 2444 ’ 
MODERN re-d non nr Into 
“*l> *r- Pbonr. ejftf nw (jltfi 
en. re tOT Sc IO l Iftm-lo. .alres 
NO BILLS' Dhte kedrrwwed ,i,m 
t\ pnr.n. nr nim? e - ■ 

HYt l dbte had r. r |,ihr : b..rh- 
■ «; * v LaC* f.w .lilhaars let 
^Im WflWM.TlIjr-. ;;fl - 
Anil. LjALin ■■ St a II.,: Kw.^i 

x 41U o. UCH. snr t> I, .a * . 

n" Tdem r-: 

^f^spi^ramil.i itoerp- bnriy 
TV rmnn,.. C; r ” 
Olnanv c,;t c- lv *— m-WA- 














as c 


the c 

the I 

and • 

iar E 
a la 
of fii 
do. i 
of i 



its villi 

and in- 
full bre 

your a- 

For re 
Tel: (0 






















Of Li 



0 ( 



//. , .// 


* n ./ 

•v.- 4 

adevelopment by> 


Hihse pijc 




PRICES FROM £250,000 

~ jgrsau cted private mews ot 9 FREEHOLD Houses, on the borders 
\ * " rr ? i stirdge and Chelsea, dose to Harnxis, Sloane Square and the 
*• ~ r ~- “- 33 i The houses rnamty comprise: 3 double bedrooms. 2 bathrooms, 

3 ■Ksepftarrroom. shower room, kitchen, conservatory. GARAGE and 
• - Gas CH. Amenities indude: Fully fitted kitchens, video entryphones 

i*: controfied electronic entrance gates and fitted carpets. NHBC 


\ Jdni Sole Agents 

>UE5F©RE (mmSSS London Office: 

34 Brook Street 
London W1 

Tel: 01-491 7050 

•r SWI 0 

Tel: 01-351 2383 


Lane Fox 

& Partners. 



Ctian 3^ asks. B uti Q M i ftR 7 mfes, U3 4 rules, London 44 mtes 

eri e-»-r=5 msjotaS soatnertr «« over »o# cmmnfSdB. on 
c5 vakge. 

5 Reojfiaw Rooms. 4 Bedrooms. Orcssng Room. 2 Bathrooms. 

LSefd rbrwrtmp mdudns 8am and SuBtatft. Indoor Heated Smn- 
mrsj. Fast Bass Paddocks. Supem Bukkng Plot 



Stunogtoi 1 rale, Pumoraugh 54 mles. Chdiesiei 16 mtes. Utndon 
54 antes 

Well situated m anrachve ctwYiysw. 

4 Raetson Rooms mchrtng large Bam Room. Breaktosl Room. 5 
Bedrooms. 3 BaDucoms. 

Ori tired central heating 

GutbuUngs mdudmg Double Garage. Mature Gaidan. Valuable 


36 North Audley St, London W 1 Y 2 EL 

Tel: 01-499 4785 


Conveyancing by City Solicitors 

For buving or selling your home in the usual 
way. we charge £2S0 (+ ^_A.T. anddrsbui^ 
mraisl for onces up to £ 61 Kvaaj. riease 
telephone us for a quotation on figures higher 
than that. We can also help you find a 



TELEPHONE: 01-248 0551 

2 aPRM(krp are: 

MomentsTrom the Village. A highly 
individual newly built detached home. 
Built around leisure complex with indoor 
swimming pool, a magnificent 32 vaulted 
reception, dining room, siemabc kitchen, 
studv. 4 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, cloaks, 
double garage, landscape gardens. 

FREEHOLD £825,00^ 

Joint Sole 

DOCKLANDS limurv 1 bed njl ; 
i-xclusn p rlv crnrtj 
Hp ot Dogs. CT2 9CO Tel Ol 
515 2058. 

KENSINGTON W*. Iiuponng pm- 
od niHtw. good 
M-auliiul tree lined NJ™-" 
beds. !■ Haifa. 3 retcia. HlcJien 
and family room In neon ™ 
tome modHKaiKKi and dtwa 
linn M make 
Private sale £ aS5 .®J Free- 
hold Tel- OI 937 trfia. 

Kir of DOGS Lu» Comenwni 
1 Bed Flat ALL appliance* mo. 
hr Blver. 

£.59.500 ono Trt. Ol 228*186 

north of the 




A bnfflant garden mason- 
ene with 32tt reception 
room with natural waned 
wood Door, doors and 
period features. 

■ farmhousa style 
, wn i>. 3 .bedrooms. 
Individual spacious bath- 
room. and 30ft garden- 
PLUS office / study / bed- 
room A. Separate from flat - 
ideal tor Au P*r/Se*- 

01-603 9275 

Fiir buying ot -*lbiy yw htw 
w dorse a FLAT ruE uf £200 
(+ VAT & fhstwmiarai»l w 
prnpeitiei up LUWJWO. 
line quote* uwr JllOOiXXL 
01-472 2652/3 



Huge flats & 
penthouses, some 
with river views. 




St Katharine Docks 

Your last chance 
to move up to a 
luxury flat or 
penthouse in one 
of Docklands 
most sought-after 


Ring Sole Agents 

01-986 9431 
Open 7 days a 
week and 011 8pm 

100 % w taauwp v 

95-. to 050.000# I'.ocr. 
Protes*onai KW* rAJL 1 
95 % u £250.000 « 
9S-fc to E2SO.OOO * 


91-225 2377 I 



Buytnq a housp or an 
apanmenl m London but 
ran’i ware tlw l»nw and 

Lpi im> sprciansl 

An fnr you 

. TdephooKlOl) 740 6527 
Telex: 897121 

eaunb. brbithmi 

Gantfn estate, terrace ho ust J 
asm ? recaps, tmown. 
Mturoom/ srenrer 

WC. GCH. South taono «r tpmn 
BiEejiem Oecnratw onlw 

FradreW to wtta “ ttd r . l 2? e,i 
Tot 01*997 492B «te 5JM P« 

Duck earty sale rwed. 


Corstant hot wa flat. ML 30 year 

** E195JMB 
0T-730 M15 or 
0708 22499 [W/daysl fT) 

Lloyds Bank 
Home Loan 

With effect from Monday, 

2 June 1986, our Home Loan 
Rate will be reduced from 
12 per cent p.a. to 11 per cent 
p.a., APR 11.7 per cent, 5 " 

New endowment and repayment 
Home Loans will be offered at our 
Home Loan rate from Thursday, 

1 May 1986. 

-Thi APR. shown i» rvptcal otToxo: for -2* «ji'. 

You musi be louver to JFT l^n^n n 

. Security required. Raw ot mine* nwj mtj. 




More than two 
hoots for a 
lordly estate 

■ The Owls Hall estate, set In 200 
acres near Enfield only ^ 15 1 mdes 

and three receptipnroomsfhfe 

bedrooms and a heated swimming pool. 

The gardens of the 

include a pergola and tte^cent 

recently taken their comR an, ®®j 2 r w 
unlisted securities market and are 
seeking an investment. 

f,^S^SSSSSS. w S 6 - 



6131- - ' 

*59 - ■ i 


LU-ftl bank PI.. 71 Lombnd5n«i.U'Tvi^ E'..-P -Bi 




* 3Vi times income or 2^i times joint income 

• 100 % mortgages up to £100,000 

* No evidence of income required for loans 

op to £150,000 Tor qualifying Applicants 

• MIRAS taeflity available over £30.000 

Ring 01-235 0691 

for f»ill informati on 

Fmandal Services 
25a Motcomb Street 
London SW1 
Open nntfl 8 p.m. today 



A nuqmfamt 3rd flr Hal "gSSfteSS-SS 

DrzM^ioom. dnn 9 nwn. & Urtrooms. 3 nanrooms, Wflian. braawasi 

rm ' Pnvate paring S portera^ 

122 »eara E725.000 

01-584 7876 



We can fW the pnwBWs that 
you can t, n you an inp «£»■ "J 
a nunY or don't knwr London, v 
you want w buy Of not a orop- 

\%SSn (24 M 

acre xann, na» ~ 

saagsessaa:- . 

property developer, who wasono of 


never been higher. 

Cromwell’s secret spot , 

B Eleven Strand on the Green. 

Chiswick, is an unusual late 17W^wnury 
house with a river frontage on to me 
Thames. It was ©nginaUy two houses 
which have been combined to make a 
sizeable family home with lovely river 

The house is dose to where Cromwell 
had his headquarters. It has a bra 
reception room, kitchen- Ixeakf^t^ 
room and six bedrooms. Outside there is 

a paved courtyard. Townchoices 

Fulham office is asking £295,000. 

Bradbury and considered the most 
historic house in the village. 

seven-bedroom house, in sewen 

A Hardy pastime 

B Kirland Manor at Bodmin, Cornwall 
which has associations with Thomas 
Hardy through his wife Emrowho 
visited the house as Mjss Grfford, is for 
sale at around £1 1 5 . 0 (K) through 
Micheknore Hughes and Strutt and 
Parker's Exeter office. 

There has been a house onthesitefor 
many centuries, and it was dunng its 
ownership by a Mr J^in Grosefrorii 
1835 that Miss Gifford visited it an d 
recalled that it "had some good panto 
about it" The Georgian property stands 
in noartv two acres, with views ot 
agricultural land, and has three reception 
rooms and five bedrooms. Tlw 
aardens include a swimming pool and a 
greenhouse with a prolific grapevine. 

stone manor 


The search for sites 

rtf iheir mauiry. there is f 

s&^£J onl>w ' !h 

the help of government money- 
^SSiSfl^FuBian coun- 

By Christopher Warman 

Property Corres pondent 

Barren's new development ic Fulhanu 
which will provide both luxury houses 
and workshops, is interesting not only 

because it shows the largest volume j^ urv houses, anc mroiy* • 
builder pursuing its changed course of ^ Hainmersmilfa and Fullam i u 3 " 
high-quality, high-cost housing, but be- ^ ^ ^ donating industrial bnd a o 
cause it demonstrates the wayin which new worth more thant>Wt 

inner-city sites can be developed; help local small J 

If Fulham is not smctly inner-city ra __ ^ ^ acqmr ed ^ 70 -ywr-oio 
the sense that it is derelict, it certainly is feclory premises of G. Ifr . Dray and So . 

city as opposed to countryside It nou - has detailed planning .P™**?'? 

01 One of thetuguments pux forward^ fo r Jhe w»*n houses and far 23 1 small to- 
the conservationist who quite justifi- tec h industrial workshops and studios c.n 

ably protest at the prosp^ of develop- ^ ^-acated land 

mem on green-belt land js that there is will transfer the industnal 

much mwe land in the cities which ran Barren. w» 

What the nouse-ouuucia. 
House-Builders Federation, have bran 
saving is that any econorajojyji^ 
site in anv town or city will be developed 
if they can get their hands on it. 

Last week, the HBF jaondjod a 
national inquiry to establish the sets ot 
building in the inner ctties, deteTmm«J 
to cut through the generalities of recent 
inquiries to make a practical response to 
the need for more houses. . 

They have initiated studies in towns 
and cities around Britain aimed at 
establishing whether sites ran be devel- 
oped, not in finding out why they haw 
not bran developed, and to the 
results firmly on the Governments^ 
Though careful not to prejudge the 

I FUUUUte ImmacuteW UTjacwl 
1 twHRr. 5 beOicXH'O- 2 &aui. 
x 1511 KlIChMl <UIMT. 
wuiuk. dmn uro roo iw. 
room. «h. tarpW WJS*®; 
£205.000 in 01-6«»*IOa 

Mvkrnd & pvfninui 


Rne lamitv detached 2 sto- 
rev house in Ashchurch Park 
\iia. Began! 30 drawing 
room, dining room, tueek- 
issi room. * douhte tWtt-2 
baths. Baautiful ori^nai 
1860‘s features- Big ganten- 
Close park. Mutt be viewed. 
£285.000. 743 3790. 



i a bed nugnrftew« 


jrr ,i »5 

Sauare 'Place sar*™*- 
Returwsned to v ®L h *ST 
sianrurd av tnienor de- 

s « nef ^»^■ 


1 wp ? wd room. 2 rerepnon. 

spill irxel nal wrth -«aooi» en- 

iranio hall oml larqe balcony 

Par I- imi space I2J years WW. 

Low ouiew4i«» Many extras in- 
rludPd in pnee. For auKK Mle. 
£165.000 For swwWB le»c- 
pnone Ol -WJZ 5706. 

CAMDEN TOWN New h convcfl- 
ed bs- arctinects. 2 bed. around 
ilore dal wilh palm garden. 
£57.000 Tel 267-6858 Em 

1 iitulers invited lor Freehold in- 

Irtk^J 5 floor iMed properly by 
IS S Bo. 755 8246 


uualiiv fldi in cemrat London, 
ue have a w-rfc setecoon avail- 
able. Tel Parfcwv Ol 72d 4456. 

I SW1 Brwhi sh«dlo flat, fed CCH- 
1 "i»T kwr. C4S05O. W Ot- 
6^6778 or 1 093589*446 

KWZ Prettv I bed oardein naL 
newly decoraied la indude car- 

pth I & i.«rh. , a ^ 2 ; 

£60 000 iease hoM . 

0438 eves, w ends Oi-asi 
&251 ext 271 day. 


Compete. B™ro? aw, SSJ 0 u S l 5 
taign house, hmei Noun wesj/ 
Central London, prof, m ne«0 rt 
idurtnshmaiL 4 + Dedrooms. ro 


Immedune dcrHlon CanrtTer 

UrtereslinO Irechpld London 
Mews P»werw nli^ iwee c*r 
9 araqes »n P«I «chanoe u 

Tel: 01-624 7679 



I second ncor 6 bed IWfadnO 

South Becep. dininq. Ml ™ 
line Mormon WDd ' ° nt> 1 1 ?. 

nor »urh required un. 

porler. 63 vr fc6 _WWH 
parklno No aoents pleaw. 


Teh 01-603 8850 

I am Detached Georoian sty le 
roach house re-m IhrTuoh^ulJo 


Sr^'E 5 , : 3 S s 2 S 

fThld. Sole Aflenbv. Blade 4-X5- 

LITTLE VENICe Randctph Orea- 


i . 175000 Crouch A Le« Sun- 
payci^n 104!. 499 9981. Eves 
870 4705. 

■ ITTLI VENICE Randknm Cres- 
“SSord nr. bale Direct atcevs 
frU aCT^odn 2 belts. 2 cn suile 
naihs- dliuno !“*[■ 

SL_ ejs oOO speni In renpva- 
aoocii* Lees 
Open Sunday 102W 1 Tel 493 
wSwTeJS 870 4703. 

ahfloor oal Wilh BMW a 
double beds. douMe recepoon. 
modem MUtwfL Ivrxurv J***'’; 
seocraie vvC- large entrance 

mm ii" Tiirs.^r- 

£ 180.000 Tel 01-936 *»9I. 

. MGHBURY NS Z bed Victorian 
terraced cona oe v WjjW’ 
mull. Now needs 

touches hence pnee. 1^00 
(or super quiefc «* * 
irom Monday onwards Ol 
44^6 evi ZZ74 before 7 00 Dm. 

1 ST JOHN'S WOOD border 

bed r corned 2 brnwoomed n» 

sonellr wllh approx 50 
•mv TolaUv un-iiwfl«nK«i- 
STS. fOTMle ElOOtW) Boot 
|ers7 Tel: 01-262 0362 or Ol 
4CC 36J-* 

LITTLE VENN* **aortf£Yn»2 I 
bed mas wilts 4 bMhs. fe e dWe 
recep. mawuliceni l^'c hen- 
conumunal qdns. £42aOOO. 01- 
386-S757 ITI 

* rJSs -2 bed »■ t*M IC« ww- 
mod JX* 

OCC. £ 96 000. O 2S8 3781. W 
Z21 4366. | 

SWIOimmac newly mod i 
un well kept Cimv. Loer«cpl2 
dole beds. Fined hit Bam fed 
u CH. 93 US. £109.000 
HOLMANS 370 67B1. 

SWXO Prerfy I'd floor nat J'’9?°2 
rood Low ouLqjHn«S ( 
b«b Ku. Bath. 117 ym 
r»a 950. HOLMANS S70 

WOOD LANE W12- Lane west 

facing 4 bed nai an •« flow 
with poienluL OWWM Mt. 

Lse 999 yrv £75.000^ LW. 

Tel Sue BCHlan. OI 938 ZZ2Z. 

HARNETT mdn 4 Ml Jwn I Wean 
edoe ol oreen bell. 2 uood , 
receps. 2 Uam* we £92.000 
OHO Tel-01 441 0956 

looks canaL 3 aed- 2 bam. d Me 

rrr cjkrm. fully IB 
£776.000. Ol 228 3296 *TL 
MAGDA VALE WB Choice of nan 

in prestige 

Weslend. Tel 289 0104.-6566- 
Howard Esuin- 

MAH» VA1E m awceof «ww 

lax 2 bed con* £*3W*> T £J 
289 0104.- 6556 Howard 

Ealale*. _ 


bed rial. Ground nr vjnmom. 

Lse 99 yr*. ECO.OOO Plitt- 
LPF Sue BolUn Ol 938 2222. 
■MOM VALE Ungraded -5 
bedroomed _ _modeni Bau- 
£99.600 01-286 0662 
HI- UiliHpon period JW ^ ffl* 1 
lerr. 3 meet*. 4 oeifc. wrdeo. 
£165000. 626 46hT vTL 

A major mortgage _ 
breakthrough from tne Midland 

£1000,000,000 available. 


rturuo IMP b iS? 

close Riwsell w Porter, lito- 
CH. CKW. 121 It He- ira™ 
£58.500. Frank Harm A Co 
387 0077 

EJVUMC WS, 2 bed naL •aartulU' 


Tel 01 840 2968 

p H nse 4 beds, dble recep. kil 
& bath. MbO CH QuNlCUl-djh 
s.K. close nver. £127.000 Ol 
7» 2071 i day l 748 2376 leset. 


orevdvc lira nooc llaL i beg. 
Large •<>""*. din La roe IM^- 
kil Lux bam Cai^en. CH. 
£37.950. TetOI *248 


£1*4300 0 *S 2 i 
vi: 01-9S4 BfiCT- 

sachi mariiM w 

Park and •'fJS'Sniem be- 

TW™« ^ h £flSSml IK® 

StO ofcO 7070. 

W2. Superb mew* F Hlwu»l 
bed*. “«m9e dm- 2 haUw. W- 

1 aie pauo tjee Bem co ntMAW; 
£ 180.000 tart CMPPg. Tel 
O'Toole 01 499 3979 iTJ. 

I BARBICAN EC2 Superb 3 bed- 2 
bS?Si»nin9 31 n««aMJ9 

me cl tv 121 yr L* El 95.000. 
FMINffb 4 Go 387 0077. 

| ruLHAN swe "SX 

an evceuien selection of newjv 
r omened rials and maeumenes 
tn 6 mcclUMi e dei ewpmenis- I. 

2 and 3 bedroom umls rm- 
iHied io very hfeh mn daid In 
our opinion me best seiechon 
aviaiaMr ai preswil *7““ 
from £67.500 £.99.000 Job n- 

l sKKi * Pvrran oi 731 3111 
CHtEVnCK W4 4 bedroom ned- 
Ceortpai terraced home wMh 
south latino retepuon and 1 sgr 
5.-1 2 bib room* lilted 

01-992 0661 


FAUNe BORDERS- Maonmcvnl 
E 4d5e oed dd ttte in Tudor 
ctyic. hacking Ohio 
S^,«hi aiier Mcaifen tlo » 
Showarul tube Hall. cJkrmmt. 
auPrSSi! 2* KIL 2 lux ha Lhs 
■ 1 m suiiej s^S?' _5JS; 
Whitman porter wa 

IronLKJ period ho^e, now 
m run. Lift Communal roof 

opening 9und» Deal's 
(Torn Smart Wilson 734 02«1 

« OTTERS SQ, W6. oeganl 

*LSL n BW tar »**£■ 

M>I6'. Kil. dinlife rm 24x15. 
Tril ' T i~ r bedim wilh m wik 
KMTbie baUirm. 3 t urmer bed*. 

STTlfe I 1 "Jf - “gj' 



(Lus wilh well fitted IT* an d BV 
IndepgwCH Soacwir. twra 

Freehold. v P Llnros*. Ud. Q1 
602 6664 


oSSSfe a NOT 1 
SS^OTcISn. &«nr «8M 

B*.ai?3?w a 

SJl 584 5324 ®fl 157 

BREEN sunny 3rd 

noCT fUK ' ? "S^olim 

lease hold * sh-^elj? 

LSE.950 lei 01-4668727 

HtEHBURY ML A subdantlal 

dMe ironted lerrared hee in 

need ot modermsalion Otrertno 

4 beds- . 2 reeem. kil- haul. Cai 

eti Gdn OHers in excess 01 

£80 000 lor me F hid. S & K 
Ot 359 0961 

pose mull 2nd AWT hat. Cl ose to 
LT BR 4 bus 2 beds, lounge. 

bain HI. GCH. Ml sure; park 

Em U2.gSO 800 6280 Sunday 

565 o&SS exl 59 week 


HILL GATE A special 1 brd nai 
23" r«. 2 waller**. Period fea- 
1 vires. Direct aceeSL 2 comm 
pdns. 86 ymSh^eMIh. 
C84.9SO. Tel -. 01 -229-1450 

LnmodemKed 5 bedrmfVMm 
prune Kwrauon only momen» 
from nigh sueej 
Lin Reudmi 

George Josim 01 352 5756. 

SW3 Stunning F J? |w^- 
lined and dec w \ 

Hard* W taangadn. 2 

Ku. 2 3 bed*. Balh E * IdIWT. 

elks. C37600a HOLMANS 


SI Peter's Sd 
wo .mprwave mrrM oiy -jj 
bedrnrs. « anl ? ,'^LSc u 
gdn. garage Cfg B/MO F H. 

T Hoskins 750 9*W7 

crus vacant * nort I’acani 
letting houses in CefUral Lan 
don No lee* retained. Ref. In‘ 
Depl- Rred A Leww 01-244- 

BELRRAVIA. SW1 Suoeiti 8 bed 
noise on o floors with excelleitT 
enicrtaining mvt* w yr w* 
£695.000. Best Gapp. 730 

in mod * , veloprneJitW.erl«Uk- 

un Thame* gge. "'fonjw- 
5Jr l*e 1 105.000 Tel SBAOBuS 
i6ivi or SIS 7113 inset 
nit HAM SWC. V aliradriP 3 n™ 
wi. barn- uUdiy 
cellar * odn Recenlly mod 
SlrabeMMi C us. ooo Ridley 
« Co 389 6523 


348 236® dr 652 8900 

HYDE INVRK W2. Newlv rMur- 

Boned middins altering | 2 * 3 

bedreom liats .lot *** 
coffiuhetmn- 1» y rar 
Stinga TSO 9291 



To very high standard. B 
Mins lube. Shops, sc hools , 
tennis ctv 4 bedroom*. 
Study. 2 luxury bnuuwm 
it dble haun. Double reoep. 
Very large kUchen 'brea MMl 
room. Cellar Many eworica] 
appliance* IneL Palm Gdn . 
FREEHOLD £166.000. 
TEL 01-225 3111 


a to fednnond ftrt- Hrirooi- 

tae sem v»<h 3 fitted dWe b wte^Z 
baths it en artel. 3 •**<*■ Mte 

tmad niawv w/an^tee em- 

sanatory win *«. t/jdaos. west- 

““Maif -WCHMI 

Tat iWTfra« 



fecantfv mwfaniWd W ftolfj 
bedraomed hiuiy ftaL Ft *y fit- 
ted bthea Luaiiy raraa 
bamroom & sep shonmt room en 
sure. 2» hr oorar. Hr 6 CH. 

Tefc 997-8475 nytiRe 

(No agents) 

Midland Homeowner Plus 
takes care of all the ins and outs of 
a mortgage in one complete 

It shows we’re in the mortgage 
market in a big way. 'Ms yeai; 
we’re making one billion pounds 
available for mortgages. 

You get the Midland 
Mortgage Certificate. 

This agrees your mortgage for the 
amount stated, provided the property is 
suitable. It’s almost like being a cash buyer 

But that’s just a part of the package. 
Arrange a Midland mortgage before the 
end of May 1986 and you also get the 

V£% off your mortgage interest 
rate for one year 

This is worth £84.00 before tax relief 



*! si * 

‘‘•I s *' 
* * 

• i i J * 

"*£%*- :’i?Z V 2% *L v 



miincil at a SUDSuiullh »» — - 
the local authority will be able to marke t 
i£eTat well under the normal market 

"lSie'flO million project, toberalled 
Huriingham Square, the new. houses 
be built around a sdf-coniained squan: 
approached through electronically con- 
trolled main entrance gates. 

the houses will have at least four 
bedrooms and the iMdscapcd.devcfoP; 
mem follows on the Dulwich Gate 
scheme, which has won not only awards 
butihe approval of the Pnme Minister, 
who has bought one of the houses there. 
Building work in Fulham is due to slap 
later tins rear.' for completion in laic 
1987 or early 1988. 

on a £20.000 mortgage, £126.00 on a 
£30,000 mortgage. And it’s the same 
interest rate for endowment and capital 
repayment loans. 

£50 towards professional fees. 

Makes legal fees a little easier to 
swallow when buying a home. 

A Home Management Account 

This allows you to spread your house- 
hold bills interest-free over a whole year. 

You can take advantage of the 
Homeowner. Plus package even if you 
already have a mortgage with someone 
else. We won't charge you a penny should 
you wish to transfer it to us. 

For frill details, call into your local 
Midland branch, or write to /* 

The Mortgage Dept,. 

Midland Bank pic, PO Box 2,i 
Sheffield SI 3GG. ^ 



Ideal en-pal Home. De- 
tected. Living rm. dining 
rm. study, klt/break itt. 
utility, cloakroom. 4 bo& 
2 balfK. 9» CH. Only 4 
years oW. Lovely garden. 
Double garage. . 






dedroomal Gromd Ro or.Ral re 



For eu<i'f*» n 

m0 Tt/t 8923 21285 


nogr flat in roliwol ccmgr- 

2E?of lewd vkmm* 

2 bed*. r«*P. tMlI o. rm, 
jnoa. X + », GCH carpels, 
eic. Off sU«t parking Clow? 
tuW + BP. mu* wowiPterentrt: 
and toot is facilities ££OGOO 

MNiiiawL WOOD IRIS 1 oun 
lube, l <M bed ftai in mied bkfe. 
prol converted s yr* Lgr lined 
kit itvmgrm. balh. Masses swr- 
aw ware. Hcadna. VC dec 
order- Fab carnets. Pkg Oomm 
ados L4M he Law ouwonws. 
£373130. 01-542 1462 eve . 

Pill NET Ex pd wam to *N1 1 
newly converted duraaer Vk 
WHB FlaL 25 bettv. 12 
rrceos tkitcten amen, turn- 
room. In EwHIM Decorative 
Order. Communal Garden. 12S 
year Lease £110.000 Tel Ol 
289 2364 or 636 7332 idayvi 


BeanMuUv mtnred large w 
lurwn home lime rnp 5 file 
bedv. luxurv fcK A lulhim rn 

Iar arnwrv Alnrv CTPltv win 
GCH. CUSrxxi F H 01 ?.‘i 
5B43 or Ol 6S7 0502 .work, 

ono. bi-WO 2181 . 

Green. Family “Lwn House - 5 
bed*, bam. dMe recto, dining 
rm. kik'nrn. elks. Gas CH large 
cellar. 650 south being garden. 
Freenou. £249000 Kttu» « 
King. 01 878 4942 

claPKAM SOUTH. Weal Family 
House, a a double beds. 2 
bains 2 3 iyccbOW f 0 ®"*; 

EAST SHEEN. SulWIti Victorian 
family house, lovingly 4M syra- 
pMMtican» restored. 5 dMe 
beds. 2 receos. 2 tufts. IiMU 

kit. b 1 fast rm. BUMiy. CCM- 

cottage m sought after nvyj r>t 
River Thru mm. 2 mu. fnnn 
bd VIM rm. cantor* bam rm. 
GCH. pretty gore LI 05 OOO 
Td-OI 8788244 94b 7277 lT> 

room, cellar. GtH, lovely 

south wclng*? gfidjm- Free- 
hold £162-000 TN-- 673 2603 

Ol 378 3344 ■ 946 7222 ITI 

lATTERSEA RISE. Pretty, good 

UTftkSIA PARK Pretty 2 rml 
sphi level too Uoor flat tlf-yjrv 
er Modem led h'lMiawi 

.Bdlh * geo WC Lux mini eat 
*25, *5'«Hlhau|. 96 vr he. 
GCH £64.000 627 2Mo ,-ve 

. H double, l strum, reconon! 

CAST SHEEN. Unusual del cor ' 
pec Maw. nr Rictimood Park. 3 

dMe beds. Ht™ 

iniclt B*fa*l rm Preny Gdn. 
Smsen. . L14S.OOO TeltOi B78 
I5SI or 0833 84676 iw MdaL 

tractive l oedrm naL iecei>. 
fitted kit . brtdaat. comm gar- 
dens. 94 yr*. £57.500 tor outek 
341c. Ol 435 969S. No ABCOCS- 

sate: £69.950. TeL 01223 
OL1 8 fHl or OS - 495 7277 lOfi.y. 

WfW SobvlanUal 1 
house. 4 bed*, a tecen. 2 balh. ; 

fcH- fee Win 160X20*1 

£148 750. F H 'Bargain for. 

ERST PUTNEY, SW1S J ua, n . 
Ssct Terr Hv». 3 poyrvx rnnut 
'*»!■ >“l, b'fast rm. r,-iLir. 4 
S™ ,,r, « 2 lir\ Mhs ii famivt 

HMMGATC 8DRS. Oouen End. 3 
rerro 5 bed me All nog tea- 

BATTERSEA SWil Imroar 5 
bedroom lenacml hro, GCH. 

PUTNEY - W»"4t..r*«rb Rud 

HS l L9» , -..«9fc0p0. Tel: Ol- 

Ort L15&.OOQ Ol R70 3610 

Lovely up floor rial incnooxs 
owdeo m guntl 
nuRMii House. One dooWr 
bedroom large recewtao mod 
llictien +■ balhroom JCS^JOOO. 
TeltOl 7B9 1570 aller 600 pm 

seam & {Mooauon tewiahsa 
tor rmoenUal properties in 
South and west London and 
Surrey. Sussex bonharv Ring 

EAUwa -Hav-n Green Court 1 * 
Maqn 2 bed. fee receo LWwlS* 
ovenooiuhg Crerni FF 

Kit diner, baft WC. fe be. 
£150000 Tel. Gluts 189b 

nr mer A ennu, firar 
vve to mm hw. many and ini- 




• * ' V. ■■%%. '. ; 1 , * 

Spanish aid 
to finance 
a home on 
the Costa 

By Diana Wil d man 

- As AagJo-Sjpflnish tics continue to 
gWhav since last week’s state visit to 

- t3£^i uns J H?“ ^os “d Queen 
Sofe and the merging of interests caused 
°y Spain, sentry into the EEC, so the idea 
of a holiday home purchase in Spain is 
proving attractive again. 

Prices have risen sharply, particularly 
alongthe Costa del Sol, since the lifting 
of UK. exchange controls in 1979, 
resulting is more UK buyers requiring a 
mortgage. * 

Bilbao’s City of London 
branch has beenfinancing private prop- 
erty investment in Spain tor the last five 
HtTfe bank can arrange loans from 
£5,000, which are granted for a maxi- 
mum 10 years, using the Spanish 
purchase as collateral. 

Roger Knights of Banco de Bilbao 
. says:. “Finance is available for up to 60 

- per cent of the home’s value at current 

base raiefor, in th^ case o^sccuritv piecing architectural style of this snail apartment complex gives an air ofi 
offered in the UK, 3 per cent over base. trasMioilisty, which is in stark contrast to the frenetic jet-setting lifestyle off 
Though finance is made available for ™ arbeUa j"*t * 10-minute drive away. One, two and three bedroom flats are for 
properties already built, loans can be sale from £46^04 to £84,000 

authorized, in principle, for individual 
purchases within new developments' 
under construction.” 

*- Marbella and neighbourin g Puerto 
Ban us continue to prove popular with 
the leisured rich. The property choice is 
huge; not least because some developers 
over-estimated demand after the 1983 
sales boom. 

Today, more and more buyers, espe- 
cially. those intending to spend some 
months holidaying each year, prefer to 
live ift a more tranquil environment but 
still be near the coast. 

Las Terrazas, a delightful develop- 
ment of apartments being built on a 
hillside five kilometres above San Pedro 
de Alcantara, has the dual advantages of 
being a 10-minute drive from the 
Marbella Club while eqjoying a rural 
setting. It has southerly views over the 
Mediterranean from its position among 
the rolling foothills of the Sierra Blanca. 

The first Mode of 24 units is completed 
and all are sold, while the 25 apartments 
in the second phase are due for staged 
completion this June, July and Septem- 
. her. The scheme has been designed in 
traditional Spanish style with old roof 
tiles being incorporated in a seemingly 
haphazard way creating an illusion, of an 
Andalusian cluster pueblo — the more so 
as every home fas a different-sized 
balcony or terrace with the larger ones 
wrapped around two sides of the 

The developer of Las Terrazas, Paul 
Simard, aims to have no.twohomes alike 

so the individualist has plenty of choice. 
Provided building is not too fhr ad- 
vanced, off-plan buyers can choose the 
floor tiles, bathroom fittings and kitchen 
style they prefer. The apartments have 
fitted wardrobes in all bedrooms, there is 
a bathroom for every bedroom and 
marble flooring is standard. All have 
working fireplaces and central healing 
can be installed if required. 

The vast swimming pool, set in 
gardens overlooked by the apartments, 
and its adjacent clubhouse is due for 
completion early this summer and the 
first of three tennis courts will be started 
by late summer. 

Mr Simard offers both a management 
and rental service and a full interior- 
design facility. 

Eighteen one, two and and three 
bedroom homes are for sale — at £46.364 
for the only one-bedroom unit available, 
between £49,100 and £66,800 for two 
bedrooms and £71,800 and £84,000 for 
three bedrooms. 

Details are available from Las 
Terrazas, Urb. Hacienda El Aznendro, 
Box 422, San Pedro de Alcantara, 
Marbella (MA), tel: (952) 782291, (952) 
774091; Hamids Estate Office, 12 
Brampton Place, London SW3 1QE, 
tel: 01-589 1490; Portospain Ltd, 241 
Kings Road. London SW3, tel: 01-351 

In total contrast to the sophisticated 
Las Terrazas and its environs is the 
bustling coastal town of Benalmadena, 

just eight kilometres west of Malaga's 
international airport. Here. Chest enons 
are selling harbourside homes at the new 
Marina Benalmadena, which is two 
minutes' walk from the main shopping 
centre but situated in a self-contained 
environment overlooking the marina, 
which is already complete. 

Forty-eight of the 140 apartments 
planned for the first phase are being built 
at the edge of the marina and are grouped 
around a central square, which mil have 
small shops, bars and restaurants. 

The plan is for the plaza to be traffic- 
free. Most homes will have sea views and 
the scheme is adjacent to a sandy beach 
for the use of residents. Eventually it will 
have its own beach dub. 

There will 'be 550 homes grouped in 
clusters around the marina and pan of 
the plan is to create four linked islands, 
each with its own pueblo within the inner 
harbour. Marina Benalmadena has been 
designed to recreate the feel of an 
Andalusian fishing village and berths 
will be available for purchase. 

Because of this area's appeal to the 
package holiday market, the rental 
return should be good. Chestertons 
expect great interest from the long-term 
retirement market because the marina is 
close to the town centre with all its 
facilities, including a clinic and a bus 

Chestertons Residential is at 116 
Kensington High Street, London W8 
7RW, tel: 01-937 7244. 



Invites you to come and meet the 
Developers of the finest properties 

^PuebksTida €* to Hidalgos 


hmJI i 



thr Hgn LcJfi&tki ha. F.wbmui iunman tx- detahintfc* ■ 
iMi tt ew wmrwro^tln ne,a«iuf lotmiiini. 

1-3 bed ro om cd bouse*. Kn-ri - rmu - goU ■ w mwmn pool. 
From fw £300.000 

AwM 3 taftaoa 7 taring*" <nBu -nh pnira 
uid twui utm . pasb.-tn»T complex. nomal (adem. tenon. 
Mil. but* dab. mm compc*. umnauil cotta. nan 


‘he Village • 



Holiday Inn (Commonwealth Suite). Rivrrview Drive 
Sunday 2 7:h /Monday 28th April 


Central Hotel (Camdalc Suite) 
Wednesday 30th April/Thursday 1st May 

Dor ray Suite 

Saturday 3id /Sunday 4th May 

Come and talk u the Developers themselves between 1 1 am and B pm or contact in fot further in formation. 


Tel: (024029)8152 Telex: 837020 (ORPLTD) 


132 hectares cultivated farming with a 
newly built habitation and a big barn 
situated near BEJA for. sale. 

Price £1 50.000. 

Write to chartered accountant 
A. Engell-Nielsen 

Blegdamsvej 60 B DK-21oo Kobenbavn 0. 


Close to the old 
Parun Church 4 with open as- 
pects to Uie rear - 
attractive** refurnished A n- 
modelled family Use with amt 
nan. aar dbl* rec rm. oned nine 
kit. mailer bednn with Dressing 
rm. cii sane cllcrm ft private 
wen fcng balcony. 2 further 
bedims ft baihrm. Gas ch. rai- 
ny «an. Offers invited In the 
region of £96.000. Sun View 
B76 1807. Thereafter Taylor 
Docon Ranee 076 01 16. 

PUTNEY. Absolutely nwrnina del 
period her. uranac ihroughotfl- 
CHra- 2 elegant recefte. study, 
random KH /brtt rm ft corner 
calory. Utility ft sTora. master 
nine with lux hath ft dmsmg 
no. 2 further beds ft tethrm. 
Plus igc flat 4 further beds ft 
bam Lovely garden. £496000. 
Taylor Dwan Porter. Putney. 
Oi 788 0034. Many other up 
Quality mums avtUBie. 

sex. Swt t. Auraem* brtotot - 

snoots 2/3 Mdroomed into 

sonefie In porposrtutM 
mansion wot k. Large reception 

ft fully Idled luxury kitchen. 

bat h room ft separate cloak- 

room Off wren secure partdpg. 
£74X00 tor quick sale. Cad 

Sunday OI 823 3734. Ween 

days 01-221 1701 ext 2166 . 
A ConveWedUy Situated 
Ji-mtrxjnam Road Vftforian 
Conversion, bnaguutavc Drvrt- 

aomau on Qbm* Tree Lined 

Avenur only 6 nuns ran Lon- 

don Brume. 2 ft 3 norm ouauiy 
flats. GCH FM Kite- BUarms. 

cws. ctns Low Otngomov 
£47X900. FH. 286 8040. 

proponMned let floor t b edim 

flat bi popular Vicarage OW, 

cent Mock. South facing mn* ' 
reception room won 2 large 
slash windows, fnBv car pried, 
mu GCH. £47.000 L. H. John 
Dean ft Co 228 1860. 
CLAPHAM. Tudor ■ styl e dff lwe 

4.6 beds. 2 rec. 2 BWWTO. loe 

Ctoe ft Carden C135JWO Sam- 
art ft Co 736 6000. 

CLAPHAM SW4 Cnofc* of newW 

refurtMsned 2 bed- arena £“■ 
£54.950 each- ™ 209 

0104,6966 Howard Estates- 
BATTERSEA 3 bed house d» 

pern strert. large, _ twVpt- 
£130.000. Tef' Ol 223 8S63. 
am flats- £63 SS.OOO Teh Ol 
735 0931. Ol 526 1306. 

SWlft 2 bed mia SU no. toe kit 
pun. carpets. Good dec wdw. 
£49.980. 874 2916. 7ST7 9911. 


senu wan many original fea- 
tures and huge *«!“■ 2 
mm 6 beds. 2 «»»“• 
kitchen .breakfast room. idUW 
and weeny Play room- 
Close mallon. schools and \ ft- 
IMP. £1 « 9.000. TeL 01-670 

DULWICH. Superb SJO Edwardl 
an lam use » mdef rd dose sml 
E sc eond Ong features a 
n*cep. new kb. uni ms. 6 6 
Bed. Bathrm. Sep shower m. 
GCH Cdn Ei45J»OF. H. Tel 
Ol 737 3362 

efKMRED RO SE21 Mart bnpres- 

me Victorian semi deldhle 
fronted family lae m 

der 6 beds 2 bafhs Ormnno 

im. duung rm. Hicnen. u«uy 

rm. GCH. secondary dote tfar. 

Mr gan. Iroril pin wHh parking 

spar*. £1 49/300 F H Soto 
aoeniv Mnw ft Wheeler Ol 
757 6211 . . 


CHELSEA 6WML hncnarjUate 1 
Bedroom flal on kd OWjg M 

nwwnar purpose mnB Mock W 
Elm Park Caroera BWrwm ■ 
tutarooiu. rec e pt i on. tot.hfMi 
rm. Lift, caretawr Lndrtgmi 
pfcino Communal pans 121 
£99.990. Mwral. Ol 226 2577. 


nw Holland Park sW mu 
oda 3da»lina.lO»frfWW; 
£ 10.000 spcm on *“?■_ L «* 

nwp2<;*K23*fhe stdK. 63 m- 

£155 000 SUBOars MJ ^ 

an. PWK A Lees. Ten 49® 

«Ml. Cm «70-«TOJ 


TrtrhOfd House. 3 Mwm- I 
tunwa. cloakroom, oupnoto 
pm w i Mio B for an Mar *** 
Tear enteamm. fMB Gas central 
. Mnlng £156000 Tel OI 373 

«a ■ 


Attractive terraced mai- 
sonette in charming 
modem off street develop- 
ment *Privele ' parting. 
Large terrace. 3 hefts. 2 
tec. 2 bam. ktt. doaks. util. 
By. Off; 580 1745; evng: 
562 7637. 




Nndy rafwtWlad imfemtsed 4 
bed house. Ctetess Wbsie 

swia 2 wfs ( ? «? swmj, das 

raov. new Uchm. Ddn hm >nd 
i car. OH street prang. Long 
teasecoM. E179500. 

0895 832073 

HOLLMB PARK. Wll For Stoe 
S very large houses currently 
used as Mttaa r oom s offertng 
tremendous scope for rrdrvri- 
oimieni ■ Offers Hi ofccoi of £1 .4 
million for me pair Chesterfield 
ft CO- 01681 5234. 

tWS. Ltohi unusual modernised 
basemont nai . small sunny yard 
ft garden, mr bedrm. sming 
rm. snadous dHUnq rtuiL tolcn- 
en. baihrm. CH. 123 yr lease. 
£88.000 one. 01-373 4377. 


perb 6 bed flat. 3 recfp„ 2 baih. 
large nurd mchen -breaUast 
m. £3zaoooor offer for mart 
sale. TeL- Ol 957 8662 


modernised 3rd floor fbiotRi Id 

beautiful period Induing. 3 

beds, large recep. hdiy nued 

UKhen. 2 bains, direct access to 

communal gardero. I26yrslto 

5U3S.OOO. Nelson Hearn. Ol 
957 5811. 


presave 2 nd floor flat in supefti 

defamed house <n«rfooid»g toe 

gardens 3 bed*. 2 reran*, k and 

b. CH scope tor tannwal 

9‘« yr* TWirwaMe £165000. 
King Wood: 01 730 6191- 
CHELSCA SpaCloas ft MOW part 

mod 5 storey mate- 2 dole. 1 

stogie beds. bath, new ML rtk 

rSdble reran. fidiCOf. due 

mazing, ofl-toreel parfung. preal 

MUPtuI £335-000 01-562 

3932 laner 6XXtomi 
KEHSentMBWS. Lower ground 

garden IW. I7OQS0 D Of apart- 

menL B bedims, drawing i rm. 

marMr floor dtohightol. maible 

floor toUrt ft oauina. arm- 

Srnriiy detogned. £89300. 160 

yrST TH 570 74ia 


floors with (BTilen and only 

mm walk Irora HoUand Park, 
quiet location. 4 wmm- 
baUirmaod shwr im- 050^)00 
F H TJtoSIdna 730 9957. 

■UMSW6TON -Superb Victorian 
family nouse ■ 2 rerap. 7 beds. 2 

baths, poetoble self contained 

Msenwil ftai. -pauo/ garden. 

EtSeLOOO- Tel: 01-603 8736 


ALOE Mod 2 bed I si fir ram flat . 

Huge rec. o' looking nmn pdns. 

? hum. rub lined kit. Lie 

6<y -yrs Cl 19.960. Reed ft Lew- 
is 02 -24441577 

ESMtfOt FLAT with audio. 

urge rrcpl rm and 2 dble 

SSms. dose aouoi to«ra»- 

tod. 184 »^L,„ Cim000 

T. l-tasklns 730 99S7 


moms mi P. bum nai ««iOi 

SSun guns. -CM Ex dec rand. 

S?65 >7* £69600 Reed ft 

Lews 01-2* 4 . 0 577 


low bum family house. 4 beds. 

4 twih*. ararap* B rawlfuicgn 
diHML ' -Fnemioid lsiSlMO. 
lSt«H Lid: 01 60S SES4. 

•rook cftftEH wift lasaopa 
ivobd totofiy ho*». abrdSjJ 

baths, huge jton. urn 

room- TO Oi-WB® 8 **' 
ugUAWI PARK, ofeganL «w- 
ooifc. in floor balcony im. 2 
km oro An* rtflll 

only CPS.000 TH: 603 6142 

«imir SQUARE. Psrd o lerrc- 1 
ar bedrm n aufto barlinn- 
rK rm. fit |tH. m oh mod MOCK- 
75 yr tee. OMJSOO 730 2961. 

tung i Ground floor tuu 

TRWW lul. GCH- Jew 
C58XW Tel: 01-351 6696 



V (dorian Terraced 
House shutmed m cm da wc 
Chase m amenities and Rffdv 
mond Park. TM* 2 bedroomed 
house . has been I ul tv 
modernised, but sUD retains Its 
original charm. £62X00. TeL 
01-646 7631. 

RICHMOND. Superb F/H A bed 
house. £240.000. Period fea- 
lum retained wlllitn. SuH 
conversion. Tel Jal O'Toole Ol 
499 3979 IT). 

XTniWKHY MBi, Twicken- 

ham. a rarely avaltaM* ft 
superbly presented 3 bed char. 

aefer \’Ktortan ground floor 

apartment with It* own garden. 

OCH. 2CT raced rm. 26* raced 
nafl. ihwh rm. cloaks, 
£116^00 970 year_ lease. 

Phone 891 6311 Boxer Estalet 

RICHMOND Quiet a Twtxf bridge 

and Tube Sunny Vtei 4 bedrm 

Mato of character. GCH, 
Lounge. Kit ft Btoh. Sun Terr. 
94 yrlte £99.950. 01940 9461 


6 bd. 3 rec. 2 bih. family heme, 

a bd * gd n flat- £179000 ftl 

Tef 01-979 B3T7 


ss mars 

ft hn bath, dbw resew. — . wtol. 

Stocked 9dn Nr tube ft BA 
SShonL £62-500 0763- 

857264 (day I 540 090 1 (eveu. 

SEMI DETACHED In aooghl afW 
road 2 double beds, funy mini 
kdchen. new bathroom . ■ ney ff 
decorated. OCH. gararts 
r7&6oa TefepnoM oi-642 

SOWnWELDS swift Lorafy 3 

bed. n b. mate- m and dec or. 

der. lounge toe WL mih CCH 
and gdn Close tube. £5&600 

94 yr tee Tel: 871 3662 rvea 

WHRUKM PARK Edwardian 

2 bed n». Large ^IJitordom 

NT ParL. nr tube. C63XX90. TeL 
01 946 6621 wner 1pm) 


RICHMOND. LosetV tonto 
house, nr Gennao ft JMdl 
jdn. Parkland ft river Co LB. 
£750 pm. 01-940 9401 ie«SL 


the period 

For empaes or oasttos, naoors or 
mansions. Hundreds ol homes tor 
sale nnmMde 
May aflttnon out it* 




superior detached oropmy 

wmTtoanmng posmon for «™- 

for the ddertv TuU Op L_CJr; 

dPlK Of 1 

swimming pool- ‘““MSf 
Home ft- CO. tS3»49 tj” 
Lmmn Sc Convtniry.02a5 


SCATCML DNortird house bum 
iq .1 2 double beds, one bTft 

drawing rooms 

rtoakrooih. ‘ISi 

tfW. double garage and 

jv Hluoied and 

HtoM on d sea. ™ 

Seal (7ft 20484 

OMLY £59,500 Lge 4bd 3r*c 
nod drt London 1 hr by train 
cuMeear cfs MiftStwpa Ph any- 
time NttunpUu 0604413173 





A deHghtftfl det Georgian 
house. 3 bednns. 2 tnUuns 
(1 ensulie). 2 recent, 
lounge hall. CBrn. Pull 
healing. DMe gge. DeiigM* 
ful gebi 'A acre pins Vh 
acres Odd. OFFERS IN- 
CUfton ftt Son. 32 Queen 
SL Adatdentiead. Berts 
SL6 1JD (TeL- (0528) 
26201 ■ stsafone.) 

MEWBUmr. Modern property 

won o uiBiamtin g country 
views, beautiful groonds. a w» 

ion of lakes.- tong frontage to 

the River En borne poenfy of 

ftehinp. Bastngstokr 9. 
Newbury 4. M4 uia ft 13JT. 2 

rec. URh. 3 beds, audy/bed 4. 

bath. Shower, garaging, out- 

bulldines. fttiKM. paddock. 

About 7 acres. Guide £1 76.000. 

Dreweans Country House De- 

partmenl Newbury 10636) 

WINDSOR Elegant period tarr Me 

in auract Muare. close to Castle. 

2/5 beds, drawing .dining rm. 

kU. play rm. balb rm. Palto gdn. 

£9&60O F/ b. TM 0753 B64492 

or Bernard Thorpe ft Partnm 

Ol 499 6353. 

■UUDOMEAD 1930 fwfar SMd 

2 btob. beamed drawtngmi lug 

fire, dining tain. rm. aka lge 

idt/bktaai rm 3/Sac.gdm gge 

GCH. acre grazing avail atW 

£165X100 062B 33346 


House, m acres M1/M25. a 

races. 0 6 bads. 5 beton. dry 

ceUasa. good dec order. 1 acre 

waned garden, oatbitoiunto. ga- 

rage. Grade n in Market Town 
Conservation area Offers In oc- 

. rato Of £150.000. Tefc Ol-5TO 

6Q£L or lOSeftl 403778 (eveu 

room del Use wnh garage- 
modernised to v. Wgh wandartl. 
Fined Ulchen. luxury bath- 
room. large -garden, double 
toazmg. £73.000 tad fined car- 
pets ft niton*. 01-936 4191. 

Quirt cal de sac 
near v Stage centre. Detached 
family house. 4 bedrooms, sun- 
ny lounge, dmtng room with 
pbuo doors to secluded partial, 
garage £72.960. Easy reach of 
Ml Junction 12 and London 
rail talk. Tel 06266 4619 




KUhc _ . . . 

lata PenttMss EtlSiU. 

nth HI and parages. BatflM nrt 

ssttno 3k bibs frantra H™ 

ttsbttm. Dose Go# cone. 

IML IW5. Heahraw. SnUH H 

me. 17 mtm cental London 

me rax a co 

6895 132873 

PtoBBUy CtoWMlftl WMPna 
md aAacan 5 bedroomed 
Mtmouse. « in OtiBMndiip 
wijft imp ot tW' 
juustmoitt is 

TeL Bucks 

- (02802)013053 

To Ww 

OXFORD/ * KEVHEft- Victorian 
ooUiir School hse. very rund « 
SSlsSST&uiiiify. to* wt 
Path, shower 2 s» WC. FuU 
cm o car □ge/Biudto. 60 i*k 
SJtoonTjasaooo 1020041409 
tSSS(0757J 64704 offiu. 


vduon wra. sup«b rwwidra.. 
ao mtm London. Offg» ^ 
C7fij00a 029* 681039. 



A hofidty home of jour mm 


erfb AtP w w wM iCwirtlnl 
^JWimal aallfng, orty5 mins 
¥&°lrom DnriU KumW 

Hbeacb. TixijunyCrtfles. 

Colour brodUE. from 
JftndRx Ctaimad Stawima. 

75 Shoe Lana London EC4A3BO 
(f-583 0990(2* hrlorStt twice- 

Dad oh 6665*5 (tic weekenost 

MEW POLZEATH. Spartotn la- 
bour saving bungalow. 
beauM hilly appointed very nr 
beaches. DMe guabig. Ou OL 2 
rcceps. Ml. 3 dble beds. bath, 
garage and g. hse. weu traded 
gdns. Shellered posn. superb 
views over Nto.TrtM Land 
C73J000. r/H. Lampobire ft 
NancoUXK 0208 814676. 

CORNWALL. Nr Bt Ives. Loe pert- 
od hse + cottage. 3 gges. 1 acre 
£166000. 17 Fo*» BL Dart- 
mouth. Devon. 08043 4311. 

ZCMNOR NR *T IVEft Spartous 3 
bed cottage in village. Excellent 
slews. Freehold £60.000 Har- 
ding Luley ft Co 0736 794931. 





Consent aba for im as 

OfHnss, Elderly Pnoples 

Home, N u ra l Pfl Horog, 

SedudM pOBhton on edse 
Ol vftagrt In need ol 
modernisation. 3 Recap 
rooms, Domestic Offices, 
Cetor. 6 pnnctpel Beds. 
Dressmg Room, 2 Baths, 4 
Aide rooms. Coach House/ 
Garaging. DeB^ittuI 





(2 m — } 

The Old Rectory at Earing Is 
a moderni se d period house 
to Oie vdtage next to the 
Church. H has 8 principal 
Bedrooms. 2 Bathrooms. 2 
Shower rooms, plus a Base 
mant Flal and a 2 B e dr oom 
Coach House. A stream runs 
through the 2/3 acre cantons 
wan two foenbnoges 
leading to the gazebo. 
Suitable tor private residence 
or retirement home. 

SUFFOLK. Ctose Ipcwlch Small 
Georgian Moasl on ll i. W; 
room) with 7 non. Long* 
Couogr. lam buUdmm and up 

»I89acf«atoi'«Ww JC 

Ktagm ft Son*. C3ia«t«d Sur- 
veyorv Saowmarket TaL 10449J 

xv cxMTumr Suffolk haul 
HOUSE. Thatched, roof. CH. 
3/4 bccte. approx W acre gar 

oon. oarage Otter* Oirr 

£79500. Tel: BlldMdon 104491 

SUFFOLK - O HUx i w r Ski 13 
mllre. Contomporary Country 
houge niloying very fin* «w 
ater Uw Box Valley Excrnimt 
family and granny 
wmnuUM. 4 bntroom*. 2 
Mtrtroom6- 2 remtUon rooms, 
ml r.n. mmWr garage, prrtty 
gwMn £ 78.000 • jouh Agnm 
sunpn Berry ft Partners. Great 
Cemard. Trt 07H7 72591 and 
Masm Luff Kemp. Long 
Mrtlord. Tel 67*7 77770. 

TATTMOftTONK. Ah Ideal heh- 
day conoge vi u> wroero privaie 
panuand with views over Alton 
Water Acrom r om pna ro E haa. 
Ml. mge. bamm. 2 beds, part 
Ch. £46.000. Sole Agetus. Om- 
lact Wakefield ft Co. 0473 

Rocha Brava, Carvociro 

Jirt £>.5t*lc.«JJtm w.a-.uvhtiii hnrr ji J tiitkcd Riuhk 
Brar* ■ K. with w K-urdxiwn ; j-.rrr mu :krtc .i "K -’ceilrpi n'rw 
bouhcapcCibavdM^itn l«L>r.k JI’ !Wi hDrf(.i , 'df 

liinmhEia kbceh erf -cv jNrttcJ.-J.ri 

I bo of to nrr> icniirdf Ucibn irlmmi toil, 

poob md i mail coetu. ptei llx rmuiraarc «=3 nrenac ion wii teptet 
Him an if Bn us't t-.oc jiniaayi rut* 

Fotmlcanjiiiollii't.'ibikiaikttn jom- 
Vilmr Noble. Cocnben f>rDGC pt- 
I Ponhnd Sqmrc. Hnnl Hbi bRIL 
Id btural >Q!12 . 4 25U1I or40kh' 'llbctfs 
.1 Ifi-alrrurm.- /wlufui Hair Inmr 

Rocha Brava 


Imagine an exclusive reson, just 70 minutes from Genova . . . Su nshin e . . - siting 
. . .seating . . . swimming . . . golf . . . horse-riding . . . superb restaurants A shops. 
International schools ... all set in wooded slopes with stunning mounuutview. 
All this - and more - you will find at VHJLARS- a historic village with 
a sophisticated yet friendly atmosphere. 


New InvestmenL opportunity la Sw» real estate 
EtihIImii locrune pmtiuia l 

A uniqw- mnrape in seleci fully arrvkrd spartmrau with all the bcililire of a hmuy how) - iodnur {k«L stjuash. 
ban. resuuram. etc. I lot room apu ftrua SF1WJXKJ - Up in 80^ Swiss finance available ai [avoorabfc lenai. 
Med the Swiss developers sl- THE MAY FAIR HOTEL STRATTON STREET. LONDON. Wl. 
Horn -tom *h and 9th May. lOtan-tym JWJi May. 

rm .a by STOTT LTD For details and appointment; 

422 Upper Rkhcsood Rood Wen. toohnerc de VIBara SA, 

I WnnCw 14 7 tv HW 1834 VElarL SwtaerlaaaL 

Trtptwae: 01-876 6555 C3 Tdeptmue: 01041 J5053S3I 

Telex 927B28 

Telex 456213 GESECM 


2-bed rm lux villa. Fully 
furnished. Excellent man- 
agement. PooL lennts. 
Near village, sea 4-week 
Ume- share £ 10.000 lor 
MARCH sunshine in 

Hefei la- 

tCh.iMte worth) 339. 


■rnmwt, CW I5TIAM05. Larger 
new l bedrm apart, paioma 
Beach, lounge, fc ft b. bn ter- 
race. £26600. 08676 5572. 

APAirretEJCT/VILLA wanted 
Lamarole by nrliaie Buyer, 
view mid May Oi 467 8566 

Gain by experience 


The Gem of Europe's most beautiful coastline 


From £20,OOO*£1 50,000 Pmenri, P re toi i lw l Sartrl cft with all uftfanto; 
Quality apartments and vHlaa Continuous hwpection Ffights 

Phone NOW for brochure 

SuiteiD,CanattaHouse,BlacltbumRilanJon^'i l V6tRZTeleph6ntiDI3284463/4 OI32 8 5022(Anstvefphone) 


LW. nuNCC IM- Sable d*Okmne. 
Attractive mateon for ming or 
hottdoys. Large Hiring room, 
large bedroom, kdchen a bath- 
room. seoerw annexe won 
large living room ft bedroom, 
large garamo. £50.000. Tel: 
■050589) 2106. 

A Dour star Dark 
in a superb location H able to 
uccrpi a number of mobile 
hemes. All roams services, 
i pool. Tennis, bat. resuuranift 
shop. For brochure ft further 
details. Provence Leisure Pic. 
iSTi DaoecrofL Dane Lone. 
Uiurteoa. Beds Tel. 0254 

•gain XVU c village home 
Gracious accommodation for 
large family + room for expan- 
sion. Courtyard garden. Heated 
pool. Garage Around 
£120.000- Michart Spencer. 
FHICS. 42 St Gllre. Oxford. Tel: 
■0866) 613926. 

law n rnftnCn cougar, moving 

nearby, offer Uietr 18c done 
farmhouse un Lol-el -Garonne 
linage with nearly 2 acres gar- 
den for £29600 Including 
rurnliunr and 

cqixpoMsil .Photos «c. Tef: 
fFrancei63 94 55 71 
Fabulous house In own 
grounds 4 impi. 6 bedrms. 6 
betas. 6 terrace s , swimming 
POOL sep 5 bed cottage. Imnur- 
utate garden ft orchard. 
5400000 FFX kftetral Estate 
Agency oi 561 3131. 

VAN ouM village lO roDes sea 
and Le Lavandou. newly 
modernised Date. 2 rrns. KftB 
£19600 or C28.600 Ol 956 
5595 OT 063628 660 
MUTT AMY, Dordogne ft Soota. 
Selection of properties, cottages 
loctKdraux from £ 10 . 000 . Bn> 
chura 01-486 2733.CT) 

crshaud CNear ST. Toner I stu- 
dio ft bathroom lira floor 
balcony . lumtehed. own phone, 
rural ro-eswie Guardian. 10 
mins sea. £20.000 Drt. Tel. 
CMUngwood 94 43 29 30. 
Rrtit to box cio sw ntANce 
Newly rest or rd larmhbuse Meal 
reuremenl-? bed. pos» 2 mare. 
Mod ku-ortlarv. Fanlasuc view, 
preily garden. bOODOOtr 
Trt 01033 65 955703- • 

bedroom laimhouse ♦ mo I bed 
flat in '-racre. e» views £45000. 
OIO 35 55 91 60 19 


ALGARVE. Deal direct hWi es- 
tablished Govemmeni Licensed 
Estaie A gem in Porunuo AU 
aspects of buying properly and 
living in the Algarve deall with. 
Information, property. Lsis ol 
Bieuiw'i pnone Pungane 
Lda 82-25534 Teles 57378 or 
sortie APT 249 8600 Portlinao. 

ALGARVE. New Villas In knefv 
rounuysuie near Tasira. too 
square metres 2 beds. 3 bams 
Firsl ctau spectficabon 
£25.000 PIUS die Krom 
£ 6 . 000 l Illustrated Particulars 
from Holt ft Partners 107051 
867928 or evri 01 342 9676. 

VALE DO LOBS, The Algarve 
Luxury villas for sale in thtt 
well known resort 3 4 bed- 
rooms wnh pool From 
£85-000. 0572-66406 



L import ng coun- 
Iry house offering elegant ft 
spacious accommodation. . re- 
quiring some modrrntsallon ui 
aplendid rural selling. 3 term 
rrns. oamestK offices. 5. 7 beds, 
on tired central heating Swim- 
ming pool. 1 5 acres Oilers in 
ibe region of ci 95.000 Further 
land available Balrdow Eves 
Chelmsford 10245) J6B232 or 
CfdcncMflT 10206) 43323. 

DETACH HOUSE Bbed hoi cold 
Gas CH pan DC rrdec repoini 
5mm moo railway sea car 
space large garden Fronton on 
Sea £61.960 ono 0379 71273 


Large fully modernised lawn 
house nearing completion. 3 
bedrooms, hall, bathroom, 
kitchen. 25h lounge, dining 
half, shower room, average sire 
garden, yet to be developed 
wuh 09 for single garage. 
£aa.wxj asked. Tel Dean 





A very spenj five bedroomed 
country house, occupying an 
unmaUed position wnh ns own 
Dnvate foresnore between 
Lynwigron and Beautou Tha 

orogeny possesses scope tor 

Iiother modemsahon. Three 
bedroomed staff bungalow. 

Numerous useful outbuildings. 

Matured and sheltered 
grounds. Auction sale 
Wednesday. T4m May 1986. 
Jackson S Jackseo, Tha 
House on the Quay, 
Lymntpon Hamoshre S041 
9AV. Telephone (D5S0) 



A stdwianul and Impodno 
pn-iod houso in a ewilrrt do- 
ctadH with an nnfim 
ranrw of aranuiiatton in- 
rtudma ai r annex. 6 beds. 
3 bathrooms. 3 receptions uv 
rtuding lint floor drawing 
room. Gas CH WalM gar- 
den. Sole AgrtU 




ynNCMESTER iOMZ) 6030B. 

ANDOna a MOLES. Rural arclu- 
non modernised OuU ft onck 
roltage. 3 reerpf 2 bedrms. 
CH- rural turc inriu. pretty 
garden, lovely walks £57.500 
Trl. Ol 730447DmM. 03647S 

216 tvitendc. 

CALFE Nr via Large luxury vil- 
la. Furmsned 3 4 beds. 2 
balm good sire pool Bard Gge 
£60.000 Trt Ol 660 0933 or 
HeiuOorm B68262 


Charming detached moderaned 
19th cent houra. High Street 6 
mins wdl from Harbour ft Fer- 
ry Small garden 3 bedrooms 2 
oaths i 1 ettrtuiDM Cloakroom. 
Lounge 21' x i7'o Dining 
17*10 x 14-6 Kilcnen blast 
roam Gas Hw CH Integral 
18-3 garage Evcellenl Solent 
Views. Vacant possession 
£95.000 Tel. 0983 760390 or 
w days 01 856 1577 


NearMftttfla Hecafty complaed 
3 tKCroom duplex ipvtmerL 114 
suiBte metres, sea views to 9* 
hm. Mt views to the bad S bad- 
looms, terrace, batwoom. ktfehen. 
xuigr. dmer. an mam floor Own- 
ers sun a) bedroom, bahroom & 
Z tenacK on uopn Vm. Hagnto 
cem shared cMd seto sammmg 
ooo<. & landscaie gardeos Su- 
nettey turnehed iO tdgiieci 
5ondards. flmawg iwenhey. 


Tel 0628 72588. 

HAREELLA Lux town house In 
peaceful roMenlud area. Sun 
terrace with sea ft mountain 
slews. 3 dble bedrms. 2 
bainrms. ample storage space- 
klhrtien fully eaulped. lge 
Using, dtnlng rm wuh lag burn- 
ing nre place, recent ares Ratio 
garden, ofl Urert parking. Easy 
access lo town centre and ome- 
iuiib. - 3 swimming pools in 
complex ft landscaped gardens. 
low outgoing*. ireenoM 
£85.000 OO Contact owner dl- 
recl Ole 01034 52772880. 


Fullv furnished luxury 2 
bedroomed apartment, exert - 
lent puunon wita balcony 
oterloofing deUghUul garden. 
Swimming pool, well managed 
by English adminfrtralore 
■SharenoKUng bi goH course 1/ 
required' £35X00. Telephone: 


garden apart. Now ready Tiv 
B 2 bed. 2 hath, lunushed. 
£72.400 1 02 76 j 682391 

Med. U* Arenaltel Drt SoL 
dose Alicanie. 2 bed r- lushed 
aparti6). 9th floor. 5 an*, res 
porter. d -phone. prlv 

tennis pool good rental Income 
£19.000 pm mgtg avau or exc 
pron m UK TeU0626l 866889 

house. Italy furnished, kleeos 5. 
3rd nooc. glorious news over 
Bay Viewing August and Sep- 
irtnner £70000 on O Contact: 
Davidson, 10 Thtckel M. 
Rosetunk. Capetown. Tel: OtO 


MARBELLA - resale apartment 

-audio or mwuhouse. Tel: Ol 

446 BI 75. 

sales available, 
savings on devefopers BsL Gen- 
uine reason fdr sale. M L Burra 
01-446 2481. 

MARBELLA on Guodomuna Alia 
golf crs*. new lux aparunenl.- 
Zbeds. 2 baths, garage £72.000. 
Tel 01013452771188. 



Apartments - Chalets - 
Apart hotel in Swiss Ski gob 
mod of V 11 tars l/mque 
opportunity to meet S*»« le 
v eloper m London Irem 30 
April to 2nd May. 

For appointments: 

Mr EmBa KoM 01 409 8098 
pgftrom 0428 4532 


KNOKA 12U hall share Hull 
deeds i rural nse nr Mahon Fur 
msheeiora 4 o r 3 bain pool, 
gdn gge. rat Euan high rental 
income 01 278 4855. 

MAJORCA. Fullv luntsiwd ap.ul- 
ment in one of ihe nest local ions 
near Pollenu 2 dble bednro 
u-im en suiir oath ft shnwor rm. 
Laroe ooHony Beauldul 
grounds with poo] £32.000 
Tel Ol 363 1876 

VILLAS and apartments for sak- 
in Menorca Please telephone 
Ol 937 4274 


Mle near Bournemouth. By 
lender - i0929Si 2306. 


LUXURY AFFT 2 beds. 2 baths, 
exclusive Cull coast Death 
Longboat Key. Sarasota Flan 
<u Cray exchange :actnu ft 
httav rental 3 wks Auu Pnr-s 
from £6.000. 041 632 4312 

AL CRAVE. Studio PM. 1985 
pn.-e 2 weeks mm June Cv 
change fanliiH- wortowide 
Ec .SOn or C2.000 * £93 50 
p m ono. Tel Ol 473 9684 

9. 10. 23 •* 24 an tne ooin . 
Ftonda E.Coosl 2 Urn. Ups 6 . 
furnMwd Package deal 
£14000 Details. 17 ince Rd. 
Wallun-on Thames. Surrey 
KT12 5BJ. 




We Need hjrnMied 2. 1 
bedroom apartment v ilia 
in San Pedro area Ouirt. 
with pool access. Up lo 




cial retained clienl lour lo sue 
bedroomed period country 
house, in grounds of nor lent 
man one acre, between Oxford. 
Newbury and Bastngsloke. No 
commHKicn required Apply 
Jackson ft Jackson, counlry 
Department. The House on the 
Quay. Lyirunqlon. Hampshire 
£041 9AV 10990} 75025. 


SEA - Al The Vineyard- Yar- 
mouth We of Wight, you will 
find supermy designed and nuili 
bungalows and houses each 

• with a'view or Uk- Soieht and 
many special fea lures such as 
Bath sione. hardwood winery, 
double-glazing gas-lured central 
healing, superb insulalloa. 
babjstraded terraces and attrac- 
tive courtyards A resident 
warden offers securtii- and as- 
stance, and all mainb-oanre is 
taken care of Prices from 
tag.uao Show Properly, mm- 
irared brochure from Jackson ft 
Jackson. High Street. Yar- 
mouth. tele of Wight. PD4I 
OPL: IrtttHion* i0983i 760750. 

COffFt CASTLE Exceptional (01 
taac Stale residence. L'niauety 
situated m Dorset's beautiful 
Isle of Pul-neck Grounds 
apprnv *1 acre Charming 1 
rerpr rooms a bedrooms Addi- 
tional accom wing. Garaging 
Hock 57 1 lenglh Gas CH . 
£135300 Brochure from 
JAMES ft SONS soke agents 
0202 672623 

HAMPSHIRE Unique bglow own 
gnts 'a act. 28 DR £ Bih snawr 
wc lge itii gor Pkg bears lge gdn 
trees shrubs lawn. -IB 0.000 
Headley Down 713556 

DORSET W" mouth georgem mill 
centre village 4 heft, cur, CH 
plus 1 GOO so fl work <o>are of- 
fers £140X100 10305) 832923 


Lu«ur> 4 bed crvilei bungalow 
In '■ acre ground will, healed 
swimming pc<J Laror lounge, 
dining rm. O fast rm luvuiv fil- 
led kitchen, baihrown Shower 
rm GCH DMe Glaring Cat ity 
insulation G mms kC I M 25. 
green beM £155000. Trt. 
101271 59091 

LOUDWATEH Herts. DM Lodge. 
Italy modem»efl- Gout emem 
London. Healhrow. M25 4 
AecrtK- Adam fireplaces. 5 Beds 
r 2 en Mule i I modern family 
oain Hecrnlly deroraled GCH 
a ibp drv cellars Dbl oaraoe it 
arro established gan. £225.000 
For iinmcdialr occupation TH: 
092 J 778900 

KNCBMKNrrH New eviusne B 
oed house. 3 hamraonK. 3 
reew. granny annex* Many 
outsiandittg tealures Next lo 
golf MU roe In tetV MP rnad 
Lm- access fr> motorways B K 
Rail SlP rtoie by Of tert around 

£276.000. T«. 10*381 B121 70. 


dOSLEHUftST chirylfr house 
with possible O rxnir y w ri ts 5 
beds. 2 baths, impressive 
lounge, study, large klf brktsl 
rm. util. Clks. able gge. GCH. 
£179 OOO neg 0689 20669 
COTTAGE ov ertooMng sea. 
Whilst able. 1815 2 DM. C fl. 

gge. odn Totally renovaied 
£53.000 Ol 732 3974 leveik 


ham. 4 bed room. 2 bathroom, 
och. Italy furrushed town bouse 
with garage in Fonetoue Park 
Esiaie Close fe amenllys. 
Slrawberry HUI math line sta- 
tion and local schools £200 00 
n u. company lef aiailaMr 
now. lei Ol 8285600 exl 2464 

ty individual ■ new 4 bed 
deumed in prestigious area N 
. London. 14 .imaglnailir room 
pattern* radiate Irani rtairrase 
_ Hut . spirals Ui rough 3. floors 
D Glazing. CH. 3 car in tegral 
garage £265.000. 0992 

441726 for tv om ure. 


LAKE Dt5TRKT. 93 acre hUI 
farm in DmuihuI coururvsrde. 
4 5 bed farmhouse, buildings 
Oilers over £100.000 Trt 0203 


S« bi Hi an gzriMns tmertatianp gsil 
course «rt" CM syste™ ia 



Tot Bxnbory (0295) 712001 

Caiman rt sraws wd Boon 

Douses id 8 one Bd two trayoari liars 

mot ire. iiauote-flHZBHi w centra) 

Dealing Tbe IMS itBue ini ptarnea to 

Owe rBUBoms Compton MeaeMBfici 

w*n me iniMOge itoi help » «d- 

awe 4 nerasufi Sei bi wljge m* 

Posi Other and shoo. Sh mfes from 

Banourr and 1 tn* from Urge inlmf 

ottB-iunk ttumesL lunfeessa and 

OPiitl (nod ShOPS 

f *3.750 te MM50. Leas o> deoasd 

system *im oi waitkii addmony se:- 

Mt? v mraK tymtsar senime 

lanry smw w rnwo assistance 

■WORLD} END* BUF. Fortner 
home Of MOM Graves. Refer- 
ence fn mope to llw propcrli in 
■Goodbye To All Thai" iC 
iQ2Sr-u-tnen-he-wroie wnitsi 
lit mg ni me roflaoe This 17th 
C-ni property has beer extand- 
1 -a in reornl years 5 bedrooms. 

2 aiur rooms. ? oamroMiui. sil- 
ling room. duxiYf room, garden 
mom rtr The grnunas which 
(tried am acre include m "Doe 

TeniiB, Court', orchard ft 80 
yard* of riter frontage. ta« 
lo Start GG mms central Lon- 
don ao miiK HMlhrow Ofiere 
in rnaun of tl 75.000. Vernon 
ft bon 0865 516161 


teiMon 5 mi Ik London side of 
Okftad Easy arrnv M40, 

Currie pore E46 OOO rnporv 

Cau Broou t06o5l 54181. 


{Paddington 35 mins). 
Oxford 10 miles. 

A doming 17ft Ceslny 
tamhou sa m 1878 to pre- 
vkto a sgadaus tamojr 

3 reception rooms. 5 bed- 
rooms. 2 bathrooms, 

kitchen /breakfast room, oil 
central beating. Garden. 

-- Offers hn excess of - 
£175,000 Freehold with 
about 83 acres. 

Mat Aflsnts: 



TEL: 01-529 6700. 


COTS WOLDS. Open Day at Col- 
lege- Farm. Ctvadhnglon 
■ between Burford ft Chipping 

1 Konoa. Oxon Cturtbury tie 3 

nuWi BeaunfuUy mrared peri- 
od cottages ft hnan In an 
rtccMmully high dan small 
t mage -Courtyard- prov ding a 
kn rty collection of a traditional 
CotswoM farmhouip. barns ft 
sckbttng- 8 duality homes in all 
Full gas <LPG1 heating: gge: 
walled gdns Price, from 
C73DOO IO £90000 Open (Lure 
3rd to 5Ui May. Tayter ft 
neither . Chipping Norton 

hist outside cmr or ox- 
ford. Duurtgutefwa. detached 
house ui superb ground" n( 5‘ ■ 
acres- 7 ranuilri. seel lid od pert. 
lion wuh moonUlcenl 
landscaped grounds - vuil ki<en 
oardeti ten erv Well rrwut.Lailfcd 
central healing. 5 garages. 4 
bedrooms, arreeplioiift- well fil- 
led kitchen, utility, lo 
enlarge. Early p«essfon- 
£250,080. HJiotrainJ Uldib 

-from Brook* 40&e>5 


gtaUwd period village house 
with 2<? octm. House ft mtiinu 
- cottage wilti. lovely news. 0 
beds. 4 rereps. 3 bains. 
. kiLbrro* rm <wrpguiq -r games 
room. £ 206 . 000 . Gill avoia 
■08651 54181 for acuta*. 

SOUTH OXON outelMuung fan- 
femporary counlry home. Mag- 
nificent views 3 wept. 6 t, 
5 «ls. 2 turns dueqnr V acre. 
Sl* S'mUn. Oxford n tnnci. 
Private vile region £198.000 
neg. 0256 6)47)1 pics. 


Near Oviwn 2 beds. 2 reem 
rtr £40 500 Call Brook* 
<08691 541 HI. 



Traditional Scottish Farm- 
house. drtifihlfully situated 
In an area of great beauty 
near Loch Ken. Set in 3 
acres south lacing land 
with excellent aiuuuildinos 
3 bedrooms 2 reception 
rooms CH. 

Offers £70,000. 


New Galloway 
(06442) 471. 

KirkcudDnontshire & mte from 
Soluji coral Counlrv bunga- 
low burn 1970, 5pbl level and 
. comprising Hall, lounge dining 
room kjirnen utility room. 3 
bedrooms and balhronm CH 
parr able mazing, carpenito 
Weft slocked garden dble im 
rage Further particulars trren 
Mac nair Clyde ft Raison Sotict- 
lors A Estate Agents. 6 51 
Mirren Sl. Paisley. ScMland. 
Trt: 041 887 6131. 

CALLOWAY ■ on Ihe beauldul 
South tarsi roort of SCOtlaurl. 
1 8 miles from Dumfries, superb 
Luviu-v Scandinavian Leg Btall 
Houses lor sale 5 bedro om s, 
sulingcoom kitchen, bathroom 
Ideally situaled on landscaped 
sue 400 yds from beach. POO 
yds irom golf course, stables 
nearbv For lull details wrne or 
lefephone Barend Prooerlies. 
Depr T T . Sand vitals. 

Dalbeaihe. Kirkcudbrtghlsnire. 
OJ8 778 663 

Luxury ground floor flal in 

grounds of Qnwagles Hold 

lull, lounge MBi lull!’ filled 

Plirnrn an. bedroom, bath- 
room. CH. DO. Carpets, 
curtains and extras Included. 

OUees over £38.500 Kcnnem 

Widen and Partners. 32 Grorqe 

SI. Edinourgn 031 22S 6612 
CALLOWAY. Came Douglas 7 

miles. OuMt rural situation in 

Lrr Valley. -Paddock Hair. 
Traditional sione built l 1 - sio- 

rev t-wraae 2 rec. 2 bed. gdn. 

Offers over £20.00-3 ta'allal's 

Marlv PLC 0556 2381 1 
sione i ilia, one acre ground 

ewBI apartments. S balhrooms 

oarage, restaeniial area, run 

OTargic new Reihesay Bps o a 

£58 OOO Tel 0700 3098 

N-U remole. < rooms, lul. bain. 

scope luritn-r improve. loveLv- 

view. £22.000 OS33 707747 


itarf lerrared house. 3 -*ed 
jooms. large .fined kllcnen. 

Large lounge dining room, bdltl- 

room Miih shower larta- 
V^nfen Must be- yen. Ur. nnri 
ono Te( |0749«J1£S aflcr opm 

nn « wn«i 

“ « fi**. I«- drawing rm. |, n 
& balh Gra CH. rveu 
carpets inrnutavuu fol.oso 
0*10 TlU 0223 64578 OflOT hunt 

Con tamed od page 28 

“1 ' 




Royal Bank of Scotland's mortgage fate to new and - 
nJ . ensribg borrowers will be reduced to 11%. 1L7% APR withefiect 
from lMay 1986. 

' ■- 

> And if you want more from a mortgage here are a few 

t\ Q points worth remembering. 

^ We can give you up to three times your salary and one 
T* m times a second salary. And we give mortgages up to 95%. 
We can give mortgages on first homes, second family 
* Homes or holiday homes. 

^ We can give you a mortgage to improve the home you’re 
^ ^ already in. ‘ 

We can offer competitive interest rates. 

For written details call in at any Royal Bank of Scotland 
. branch. - . ' . 

Applicants must be jged 19 or oven Security! life insotancc and j curfetu account will be 
iti^ntwi APR vbavn is typical lor t Icon error 2b yean. 

The Royal Bank 
of Scotland pic 

The Rov'd Bank of Scotland pfc, Registered office: 3 £>Sl Andrew Square, 
Edinburgh EH2 2YB. Registered in Scotland No. 90312- 

Struttfr Parker^ 


SW* DAbemon 1*» maw (Watotoo 33 irensj. 

Catawn and LaattalMaa-ft miss. M25 4 mla*. 




An itopnt county house mi ha. 4 fetation mans. 6 
bedrooms. 3 bathrooms. Garage and stable blacks. Swanmnn 
paoL Gardens ant grounds. 3 taktodc. 

About ?»* acres. 

Stud compe*. Indoor scbool/arena. 33 Inns. Cowed yard. 2 
bedroom cottage. Rated paddocks and pasture land. 11 00 yard 
angle bank fisnrai m the ftwr Mate 
About SO acres. 

Two farther 3 betboom Rated ih u M m^n 

About -ZTh- acres 
In at About 13S acres 

AikSm as j Mnh or 6 Ms M lift Jm. 1986 . * 

(antes* previously soU) - - 

Joutarttows: Grow, Watts & Watts. 

16 Sort Street Dortrnf. • 

TaL- (8386) 886880 

T . P * tar * Lo " -ra 0ffic8 - 

Tel: B1-GZ9 7282 (Ral. 1AC8815) 


Adjacent to Windsor Groat Park 
Ascot 14 miles. Waterloo .45 mmutes . 

gardens aw wooded grounds. 

M* 3 m atron moms KCttwi/lrakiast iwm. $ bedrooms. 
Dmawg mont 3 .bathrooms Garage btodt Mahn Ml 
; . ■ . ■ stocted bounded by stream; - -* ■ 

• - . About 5 acres 

Laadn Office. 01-629 7282 (ReL 1AC8MQ 



- - . StAtihanrp&wi 6m, p,u tmumth 16m, M27-V6m ’ 

Fnhjmrt - Hal. rtawng to wnfcn am rm. dmj rm. study. 
kktenfbulteJ rm ut>iHi rm. : ctehs 4 double berhne w* mti erv- 
sate bahrer. second Ufflmn Gas CH garagwj ana aonuUngs. 
Upart ledge - Kill tamge. tatdwiKtrer. 2 bedims, baOret. 
Sereuw uiuscjom gardens at 1 4 acres SaiMgs and MU creeks 
tft taunt] taoMK 4 1 aces. 

Freehold for Sale by auction anteee aoM previously. 

\ 49 Oxford Street. Southampton, Hants. / 

Tet (0703) 225363 (Reb GH) A 



REVWNEXl FflB Ol U.ITV jnl im fuulli .ncipkrrd mn amqnr olv- 
rcout fUi> Bate rum h\» iaikiiiwI u ihr rest biun Jeraiupacta o* 
ttk-Ulul Hun*" Jrtv k» Iw 

SuprrW* «wml hrvif dx Riht »wrt the Aw\ rtudr ibutnv i» e*m 
arpm *11 draw and nrnma farwn mdinlc idh unnt v4»l »ond 
Lite urn narhf.ann* »Hh nbn, twT IoiIk-- I kninng Thr 

mquuliinu rnrllu*. satna haUinc vt anndM JilqMlal bmluainl .vui< 

■ vanh pi"tidmf ifc-iikJi'tvl vtnmtUgp.. uuhnit 0»r itmdncn UT 
mun trams UKta Vkntmg n eWWUI tu an aptmujlum id ita uuahtv w 


Broctum: frum: 


&rfn Olfac. I VmhanM I uirl ■ snm. Haiti B-VJ ft PE 
T«t Barb tarsi MMST or MM6 


Rredan. Beriatwe - an bKhovr dewtopenait at 8 supattv an- 
iwniBO houses set m gardens a«eragmg 4 acre. 3dea«pis (ramilDO 
2.500 $q. tt ait mm 9 rooms, and 3 bathrooms. Kitchens by 
9 malbane of Dm us - - 

Pices tram £169000 


29. Frrar Steel Hesdina. 

Telephone 0734 585181 



Limur maqml mi Urt. mirmt 

hw. a beds 2 rrc Mum 
Pm Rm Exlur MUn Chi 
C.H Suptr nuturr gtftn A 
wAihl anarm 3 item. S4Wn 
Coach toe. 2 unrv Taunldn I? 

• cnani- 7. pnv Mdn LIOOOOO 
th wm ao2as 

' Mil— Will III I bwxutow 

- 2 mim CaMh- Carv. unawjr. 

■ tpnmn romu. 3 good bedioums. 

. .mrHMH aiKhro aim twiti- 

■ room, snuratr wc w-v. 

. double quant uvaueMui rut 
‘ CM. lull* aeirtoped naraen 

with MHiuner and inw rww. 
Cfttkfloa DddruA 447 - - 
UTH 5 mint BnMol 8 iralev 
Crartp B imed Ceanaan cartaue 
in tnupp three to rhurr h. 2 rv- 
ceWKBL 3 bedrnqrto. ■ attic 
Muds puvnnm Wood bum- 
Bwcoton-. CH mnnire oanlm 
with iruU Irret Coa.000 Tel 
. 07756 (jOJOT U-Som 
MTIKa Pidteim' « -Spanous 

grd II flat Ewlitwr «U. I h' 
Jrnv^txia A Sl^tal 'noih 
Hint noe moaktuKT'i a laxu. 
Bam. fclKlL rth A Uf>). ■^T^- 
hrat..c * e urtHudi tlJDOOa 
Tel mm OTtil 70B58. 
j bM STOL CEWIWC. waterfront 
from is* 1 "so cm- temrp. 

. Mtrooy 2 BHh Oh r ,'i-S5! 

' rrnv Mdftm 

.. TtuirrUn lo Mowav IP 30am 
to 5 30pm or J«m ofcrtl t, 

- itJ®72r a»001 . 

-ft IkATKIt MU flir romrrMon. 

Beautuul w«ine Ermnur tier 
' ~ Water Tor latibv Aurtion I4lh 
_ .^geers . Did mien rowa*. 


more Drt runxuK**. iwnpj^ir 
n (pfurteMMl. Kph 
hamrpMnm. ,Ut new raw .* 
diil ton<L new hit duiing .tM 
win. (M3- mu<t ndn Ualkmu 
dM thutn A B» iVirlorw .VI 
IWI Lot a 5n Tel Ouhthml 
■00831 90318! 


TasWuity irettiomsed cottage m 
nilaae setting with easy access 
fa lordon/UZS. 3 bedrooms, 
laige touige. tutty wmt 
mclHi/fldwg room. GCH 13 T 


Tel: 073781-3741 

MIMBSWOOD. Modern diHacited 
t»w in Hurd ol an acre 
t rwry** rural posllmn. bul 3 
num M.1&, 2 reepo. 4 beds. 
inH) equipped lull hen. comer 
vdtorv. ■Ah. rthi wazine. urav. 
rar pun rrwntud umooo 
Fix murk sale rroly lunumed 
CSlOOim T*4 i07J7il 53393 
92777 iBuun 

FARKMAM rMolchnt 3 ti er l mw l 
rfuiraclrr tor in amrl Rrt 3 rn- 
iwplmn QTH lux balh. new lux 

hiichm b'bni miften alary. 
Purt 4M" nlann. oom Airrac 
ti'p vrluurd qaroen. Owe 
rjaraqr a5 minx Waierloa. 
C77 r*M TN 711629 

Inn PkVP. lint ml A3 >M» io 
nuns i. Uiift 4 bud attached , 
rnnane- ? larqe reception-, 
roams. CH. Larue garden. 
VuMlUdd on 2 vdrv 
Xlinrtno Cmdnrk Meerfl 
C4H5 720343 itjundoy, ivokim 


ASH VAL E Ch arwfm ramtty 
tmuM> m netHnilul pr natr raid 
3 dnidlft- WMrwmix. 7 brtUi- 
MUimv NW1 w.w In Mam Lille 
mauon- Sctluded mature uar 
Hmi *. *re E1I7 OXr TH Tel. 
■<i.*S2' 517314. 

StMUUTOH in qniei aimne, 2 
herirnmn qround none flail with 
atraqr. FnO<ex rexainq. 
IM1 iWW OkUPd romi-ntcM 
inr Miftwmi aiw Kirnmon 
Town centres. CS$M0. td Ol 


man laimhoose with 5 arm 
and oulBiHWrvn at Ltandinam 
m TheSmen valley ilhr MS«i. 
a near, bath.wc. 3 recess. 
UUrtten etc. Ltndy KChirmt po- 
radiori Offers Cd&OCXX 
Morm Mamliall & Poole. Bank 
House. LUKMkaa. Mid Wales. 
Tel lOSSISi 2867. 

bed*, anprox *•■ acre lormer 
home ol Dat M Dartmoor shep- 
herd Included hi Ms Woproefiy. 
X2SJOOO TH. Telford 61138 

VILLAGE SCHOOL srone built, 
prof [omened, exposed beams. 
r iacre. va bedranms sphitevH 
inti-nor. CH. 2 car vr Swan- 
sea id ml. cmirtnen 12 ml. M4 
4 ml £70000 <02691 841620 
N.WAU3 Inner Dee \atky 
unique cotUge rebuilt & extend- 
ed 2 acre walled oarden 
spormn roores. TH 06783274 

an 6 Bedroom ncionan house, 
oar qnfnr and 3 acre, btdu plot. 
£49900 TH 0341 2S0S69 



7 MX Bam. cmpoenlum. 
‘Caxir actna M4 m 5 Old 
idshmeed detached farm- 
hnuxe of 300 m Mh 
manellma enmpmwunal 
PHential Ohh Beamt. mr- 
pm«t sinnewato DimupiDU 
Hall, xpanouk louoqe, dinlnq 
rm 4 omp brarnK 11 en 
•uiuei. funrm hhwr Rm. 
Ana hitmen GCH 2 (Hum 
Cn* * tor parhinu area Out- 
buiKumn. huge barn TO R x 
20ft. Mini be seen 

Otfnr Im Hid la the ndn 
wt E14SJM rVniluH 
Tab 0228 743887 

*n cbsnfied ad'Crtiwitteilts 
can •* accepted by tetepbone 
I except AnmHiiKerocntsL The 
deadline h 5D0pm 2 days prim- 
10 paUkation (ie SjOOpm Mon- 
day fbr Wednesday j. Should 
yon watt 10 send an advertise- 
ment m wriiiaj please include 
your daytime phone number. 
PAROffiNT. If you have any 
queues or preUons relating 10 
your advortecmciri once it has 
appeared, please conian our 
Cuaoiticr Services Dcparlmcni 
by tdqihow 00 01*481 4100. 



MKT 54 vntb in Si-JoHn 5UVH. 
CUrhmwHl. a now Mtuarrdju 
B 7 Ttw Quadrant Arcade. 80 
RftMii srreH. wi. 01-434 
4187. wtktc nr win be pteaxed 
to undmahn rrpauw is all your 
fine lime pieces fine waimes 
bwflht and mm. 

PLEASE HOP The National Be- 
nmolenl Fund for the Aped ro 
armide 'lens' machum rm the 
rehrt ol pain m csodiUoiH blur 
animns. £60 buys a macume. 
Donauom pirate lo (he VA 
count Tonypandy. Cbatmum 
NBFA. 36. Newport SL London. 
EC2 M1NH. 


WouM Uhr To Hear From Au- 
thor* II you bno wnnen a 
nook mai deserves mrotnauwv 
Wnie lo DeM TMtl -1 THE 
Street. Lewes. Sussex HN7 2LU 

WE WISH TO SEND our daufpi- 
ler. as a paymy guru. July, to 
an Engl oh family with a gut 
10 / 12 . who xmm French 
MakO. 9 » . Jarquebne. 78700 
Conflans Sir Honnnne. France 

agm wm be hrtd on Wedno- 
dav 2 1 *t May at me ski Qua of 
Great Britain. 118 Eaton 
Squarr. starting ai 1416 hn. 

AJL POOH. 1 adore you. and mis* 
an my fneMs Please come 

bach-soon Remember 1 13. E-K. 


CATEHHAM 4 bed. I a? balta. 4 
re reps, due gue. CMiage Nyler 
oak beams, doors, etc. Mylbc 
views. £169.600. 0883 4686B. 



Character Sussex Farmhouse 
plus 154 acres paddocks aid 
gardens. E beds. 3 reaps. 2 
Kite, knury fotdm CH. Now 
carpets & decors etc. 3 garages. 
Sables S/c studio bungalow. 
Access 115 acres Wood tail 

Access 115 acres Wood laid 
bridleways. 5u«b eouestnan 
Location 2 mis Tom. sea & BR. 



0424 35982 



BeNihfal. sun regency 1st Hoar 
batany OaL opposite Sea and 
lints. ' 3 teattemns. 
dramo/dning ram btcfm 
tuttriKxn ana sham roam 
Partmg spare. Very quol Fur- 
mshed to perfection by Hatreds 
LA and caretaker. Outgoings only 
E1.483 pa 

E125JH WL aatarii are 

Imnwdlale occiMIMn. 
view big Mon - Fri 

Tek(Q273) 779560 


HankH Nock tn Hew. 
OToohm. Promenada. Smy. 
Bngtn £ Begaa Ige at floor 
nit 3 bedTZMtem 33' W 
tangeAknaig room. C tt. extras 
met. fat carpels, wnetut bhnds 
amt kgu Dungs Qm & Pleas- 
ant 1 hour London. 


mi mm 3S3vmm 


nATHFICLDL Lgr vinoian 
hou*r mi to 5 peres of Suwx 
cuuntrvndy. 3 ranw. 4 a beds 
7 turns. Me Uicn™. Ol. lands 
. court. Hus. cottage with Cranny 
■ annexe Garage for 3 ■ MB- 
£223.000 Freehold. Tel: 043B& 
2329 an day Sal.Sun/Mon or 
- aflrr 6 pm. 


- Defamed 2 bed mtnoalow m de- 

- ugniful downiand setting with 
Drauniul views. 2 nuns walk lo 
eracHlent Meal More and shop- 
ping fortunes In SlorrtnaKHi <2 
mriesiA WornunafY mtlevt tro- 
nvMe vacant oonesslon. 
£77^00. TH. 09066 2660. 

Reamry Square Most unusual ] 
1 st door mats with mpil and ; 
anr rooms. 2 bedims, f f feu. I 
receo. hanum * sen wc. cor. 
Long lsc £39.600. TH 0273 ; 
30080 Home alia 6pm. 

CoiisenjiKHi Area S bedroom. 
4 Uorev. luirv modernised peri- 
od IKHi-e. Luxury Mlchen A 
balh room am hi sea front A 
num railway station. £ 62 . 000 . 
TH 0273 691270. 

south tanng haftony flat in Sus- 
sex Square, admcenl non 1/ 
manna First lioqr. maamneem 
drawing rm. sunrm. master 
bedim, m-unr balh. second 
Peunn. study bed 3. second 
bath. Me wi. brhfst rm. uuuty 
rm. On th. Price £143.000- 
twhld Bernard Thorpe A 
pirns 244 Eastern Rd. BrnMon 
0273 ea4«hi7. 

rural, but wild near netgh- 
bours 6 bedroom. 2 bathroom. 
3 reception VKtcfflan house m 1 
acre i hour London by tram. 
£1 49.960 Telephone 104351 
882445 IT1 

E SUSSEX Itsled 17th canary 
beamed farmhouse Stir 3rerep 
modern kU and FiMlh stbdy 
bar ulHUv D Gar about acre 
wiUi views. In ' excess at 
£223.000 TH Isilrtd 411 

HR BRKMTOH dec 4 bed. 2 bam. 
2 teep. gen. £89.850. Moving 
abroad. Tel - 102731 36762. 

COMPANY GOLF Days organised 
for staff or customers Any to- 
canon. TH 0734 872722 
*•*' "*™ cm p co faMi noaBy 
writlen and produced 
curriculum vlun doemnems. 
Details' 01-680 2969. 

TOUR CME FILMS converted lo 
video lane. Any age. DetaUi 
Moving Movies 01-340 9129. 


LOVING COUNTRY Home offered 
Marti labrador oversee months. 
Hook Norton 737 CC4 


NEAR Art~ A Bedale. Attractive 
period v-uaoe house. B beds. 2 
baths He. Plus 3 room wing 
. suitable- shop or granny fUL 
£89-000 Tet (06461 667210 
BRADFORD University area dH 
house 2bed large rectp CaaCH 
lull hath Ut ckDar waned fldn 
£18000 TH 0608 737S06 


UCCON/eOWEV Nat Pfc 215 
acres + cBOO hHL Mod 1832 4 
bed Use. Sheep cable pome s 
tram Subsidies /Management 
cereaooa 0639 7308281 699. 


50 AGREE APPROX. Same road 
tranugr iimoM swiu. 
Tonbridge area CTOOOO. Rmg 
089283 2641 

slipway Boat park. AH services. 
0483 073842 


family Accommodation mcHher 
Surrey or Kent region. Tel: 01 i 
646 7631 

ui good condition, aider style 3 
bedroom havoc. M Ol -7473307 
after 6pm 


BLOS Co w wotd Hone larmhcnoe. 
nr Slow a t Wold 4 beds. 2 
creep*. CH. bnmanitut. excel- 
lent position Avail now lor i - 6 
yean. £600 pent. 0461 30438. 

DORSET. Charming Ceorgun 
Far mh o u se. 1 Mile Rlngnead 
Bay. 3 Rec . 4 bed- C.H.. Ten- 
nis cn £800 pcm. TH: 0306- 

EAST DEVON Cottages and 
houses nr coast available tor 
long short ms all year. From 
£300 pcm. Telephone Rental 
Services Western 08847-327 




3 x joitt nun or 
35 x man + 15 
Any purpose. Fm uhnea 
Tel 01 247 3123. 


71. Uato FtNI rrrtwp. 

lonrfoe E1E H>. 




For lift bot»B8 comact The 
Sales DB o artn u nt Robert 
Hucrtns LkL The Manor. 
BoWwtqn. -Cheltsnham, 
009,^4248 694. 



- On the beach. New 2 
beorocmad luxury apart- 
ments. Free interior 
designed to your spao- 
ficanons. Only 3 left tram 

0271 870791. 
24 hours. 


from Sherborne. 20 individual 
propemen and born conucwm 
in a debqtHfultv unfaue vetting, 
lamp phil archways, cobbles 
nr 36 4 bedroamrd houses A 
bungalows. £46 960 tt, 
EO7.S00 diems may choose 
Klkhra & bathroom llittim. AH 
jmetuim in nearby 
Temoxx-ombe vatarew Bmitu 
0288 820414 



CnmprehenMvc cours n want- 
ing loacmeve 4 hpi standard. 
Places available on June A au- 
tumn courses Enquiries The 
Porcelain Restorers. 

postponemen t of prtvato party, 
we are in a pasmon lo offer a 
luUy sH up Marquee capable of 
seating up id ZSO guevrt ui a 
superb location on lawns over- 
looking the river in Putney, on 
Friday 20m June wuh a possi- 
bility of 19fh June as an 
akeTTvatlve. catermo service la 
Included. For further informa- 
tion please can AM A PM 
Catering Ol 622 6229. 

FMENDSMP. Love or Marriage | 
Ail ages, auras. DalHIne. Dept 
K316I 23 Abingdon Road. Lon- 
don W8. TH: Ol 938 1011. 
&HI ran lamed tune of two ut- 
ler connecting rum idled offices 
tn Detroit Regency Building. 
Switchboard. THcx 6 Facsimile 
acuities available. TH : Mbs 
Ridded 01-930 9342. 
Katharine Allen lex forei gn Of- 
fice! personal bilerviews.7 
Semey PL WI. Ol 499 2SE6. 
BREAKAWAY. London's dub for 
professional imatiaicnea people 
2343. Mb tape 24hra 997 7994 
YOUR CME FBJHS ran verted lo 
video upe. Any age. Details 
Moving Movies 01-240 9129. 


warned tar pen ate com panes. 
Top prices paid. 01228 0423. 

HOLIDAY C OM 1 AN T requires 
Gouirri' Representatives lo 
help look altar tt* wests in Uw 
Austrian Tyrol this summer. 
Good »*y and conditions, previ- 
ous cvrricat* am enaentlaL 
Only (how suroiane German 
and who arc available the 
whole gammer need apply. For 
appIlraUon form tclnttiofte 021 
704 1714. 

terested in farthering sdcmllk 
knowledge that works for hu- 
manity. ureemty HhMit by 
Dirertor of small but uniquely 
effective Research Faundanam 
UK rcgtuerM chanty no. 
236390. Please wnie to The 
Glynn Researcn Foundanan 
Ltd. Bodmin. Oornwag. 


and B I9.2«h July or 40i Aug. 
Or would exchange PI di P 12 U 1 
July. TeLOl 670 0O6S eves 

FA CUP and Wimbledon tickets 
warned ptaa debentures Best 
pnrrs pod. 01 769 0701 

Wimbledon Tickets. 01-466 


wanted, inrt udb>g droemurro. 
bn pnres paM. en 226 0837. 

Wltirnoii ucfceowamed. boi- 
kAs or debs. Top oners paid. 
OMainaMeg. Ol 839 1888. 

01 928 1775. 

WIMBLEDON, all tickers wanted, 
not for male. Tel: 01-930 4636 


Booksascd. pedestal and rod nm 
desks. Ige tables, sets at cteirs. 
oriental cbsia and tugs. aH Ed- 
wsftkaii and Victonan tumfan 
Lrnjanlly mntod. 

Tet 01-585 0148 
or 01-228 2716 
day v atoM- 





Wicarefers Cortopfast Ties, do- 1 

sroi natural ofay £895 per sq yd 
+ VAT. Wool mn Beitxr carpels 
I 4m wide Hosswt backed £4,35 
gr sq yd + VAT. WMe stocks 

I 182 Upper Rktenred Reed 
Indoa SW14 

I Tel: 01-876 2089 

Free esdnaes-Eapeit firing. 

Bizet Dotng Nothing? 
Writing me Chopin LJszt 
Be sure M Nude MarkconS 
Our Prices can't be missed 
(Buy or Hn tram only E16 pw) 


/Ubany Street. NW1. 

01 93S B68Z 
Artflfery Rare. SElB 
01 854 4517 

£ 660 Fulon bed and frame: 
£190. Leather swlirt armchair. 
£196. TH: 0I-43B 0974 or Ol 
431 2101 anytime. 

carving & French poHshing 
demo m t ra t i o u b. Bank HoMlay 
Monday. May 5tn al our 
NHUebed Showrooms. High 
Street. NefUebed. Nr. Henley- 
on-Thamra. (toon. <04911 


12 ft wide Wilton orpets re- 
duced from £22 per sq ed in 
£9JSOm yd. Chancery Carpets. 
97. 99 OcrtcenwHl Rd. London 
EC1. Ol 406 0463. 

■IRTMDAY BUC 7 Give someone 
an anginal Tmnea Newspaper 
dated the very day they were 
born- 01-480 6306 or 0492- 


We rate HchH* tor these apd an 
theatre and sports. Tet 631 
3719. 637 1716. All rawor 
credo Cards. 

We have utkro for these and all 
theatre and sports. Tst 631 
3719. 637 1716. An malor 
crvtlll cards. 

Slarilgril Dtp. Chess. Lcs MB. 
All theatre and worts. 

TH: 821-6616/ 8280496. 
A ft; VIM / OIML 
SLA IP INLM. AS Any even i me Leo 
Mis. Covent Gdn. StarHght Exp. 
Wim b ledon. Otyndeh ouw. Ol- 
828 1678. Mow CTfUU card s. 
dooitim TICKET, wsna 
Rugby union, wo rth St and. Of- 
lers TH- 0792 207872 
M CUP « W— BIFRO N Tkfak 
Bought and Sold. Telephone: 
Ol 930 0277. 

P-A CUP A WremXDON Tktnta 

Bouoni and Sold THephoue: 
01-930 0277-01-930 0598. 
He Can you buy meaner? B A 
S Lid Ol 229 1947 8468. 



London's leudlno Kwoaua in j 
new and restored pianos lor the 
largest qemdnr sHectwn avail- 
able. 300 HMhgato Rd. NWS 
Ol 267 7671. Free catalogue. 

Hugh Rased Mahogany com. 
a slops, excederu condition lor 
details & photo trt 096782 268 


and reconditioned. Quality p 
rrasonaMe prices 326 BrtgMon 
RrL. s. Croydon. 01-688 3613 


CHATEAU LE TOUR *64. Warre. 
Malina SJ oenstbie oHers. 
TH-0680 291996 Kent 


EXCHAffGE i bed luxury ftar In 
Si Johns Wood. London far stan- 
liar armmnodatioa in 
Switzerland. Geneva or vMrdty 
lor 3 summer months. TH Ol 
580 3121 or 01 2862119 slier 
4' pm and wtcMnb 

room in toe with garden. For 
well educated male Non smok- 
er. 40 PW 602 2664 After 2 

CH Mixed house. Nr lube with 

gdn. £146 PCM EXCL. TEL 
994 0798 

CHISWICK- prof man. over 23. 
shara 5 benraomnl house. Own 
room CH. Oarden. £36 pw. 
evn. Ot 994 0517. After Spin, i 
FLATMATES SHecttva Sharing. 1 
Weil eotab IntrodiKtory Mrtdce. 
Pise IH lor appt: Ol 889 6491. ! 
315 Brampton Rood. SWS 1 

KMCSTOM /Hr N.i.liBan Bta. , 
prof I n &shara nice, modmi 1 
nal.£l66 pan aecl.Td 01-649 , 
9976 Ev« . I 

rtou» pfed a Hit. urrenwtcfl I 
Pork. Suit vigvMy commuter ] 
MOi.w. THAI 8686697 eves. 1 
NIO Prof r m. to snr ftai. with r | 
imm eo w iety. o/r m large ItaL 
£36pw exclusive Wfl*. TH: 01- | 
226 5037 or 01-362 4904. 
PUTNEY HEATH SW1S prof ft , 
n vo r In lux flat. £86 pw 
null Dayr 01 493 6239 X23. . 
(Even 01 789 6896. 

SHU 3rd Penan wash! for 
smart house ck»e to Samara 
lube. £34 pw oert. 2 ■ 4 nubs > 
only. □ Comyn. 626 0431 twL 

spec lux flat for wad £2O0pcm 

«fi. Phone 263 6607 oner. 
730 pm. 

BAKER ST (OFF1 girt to shore W i 
lux flat, o/r ioo yds tube, no , 
pw Tel 0969 32171 
person. O R. m luxury flat. £00 
pw exdl. 360-1341. 

CHISWICK Edwardian toe. prof. 

0- r + tv. n-s. nr tuna. £30 pw : 

mod. 743 1778 eves. 1 

FULHAM. O-R. prof M/F. N/S. 
£140 pw exCL Tel: 7362667 : 

HAMPSTEAD prof m n/s o/r In 
mm flat. £160 pc.m. od. 
Phone 794 6076 roter 7 P-rn-1 , 
lux toe.suii prof ra. £6000 pw 
UK. Ol -436 0742 
■SUNSTON Stnofl quIH bedsit In 
lamuy house. - CH. BAB. 
£36 pw TH. 01-6074467 
KEHSMOTOH F shre rm K) Lux 
flat. £120 p.c.m. 

Exrtintve.TeL373 2366 after 4 
snarl flat 2 mins walk lo ndie. 
£70pw taerL 937 2006 aft 6pm 
PBOF MALE To Stan rial In 
Earts Court £40 pw 01-382 
1 3 14 «VM 01-836 7733 ext 265 
SEX Y prof. Shr. lux. Use. 20 
mins City. £46 pw. + Share 
MBs. TH: Ol BS2 9229 
in Sunny rial. Nr Tghe/Buses. 
£48pw baa. Ol 602 9216 eves. 
STJOMIS WOOD, roof M/F 21+. 
O. R. Smoker prof. £160 pan 
exrt Tel: 686 1684 (eves). 

ST JOHNS WOOD 2 Feraaks ji/s. 
to share with 2 onKrv £36 p.w. 
Trt.Ol 722 4938 
SIM M/F, under 26. O/R LliSPO- 
nous redecoraied flat £46 pw. 

01- 381 6261 after 2-00 pro. 

SW 15k M'F O'R In HitohI use. 

V. nr Tube. £130 pan + unis. 
353 9251 IOI 643 6898 Oil. 
SW11 Gdn HaL prof M/F. an 
mod cons. 3 mnon £ao pw 

exo. Trt. Ol 603 1449 May) 
■WSk M/F O. R. Nr. tube. £106 

pan exrt. TH: 588 5699 before 
630 ask for JubH Thomas. 
SW12 Nr Tube. Prof F e r In ex- 
cellent CH me £40 pw exrt. 
Tel: 380 6669 Id) 673 4922 le) 
W14. 3rd Person. 30* N/S. Shr 
Hsr. Cdn. O-H. £140 pcro exrt. 
603 6016 Eves. 

! W14 Own Room tor 3rd person 
28+ £46 pw (-XCL 6 Mth Let 
Only. 01-609-4418 before Bom 
W3 prof M/F. 20^. share lux 
house. O - R. gdn. nr tube. £180 
pcm exrt oi 993 3389 eves 
MRL Lux fiat. N/S. own dble rm. 

I ham ensuite £75 pw 630 1300 , 
x 206 day 262 1373 eves. 


More tow-cast (lights 
via more routes 
to mo re destinations 
than any other agency 

- Fast, expert, Mgb-tech 
service - Free worldwide 
hotel ft car hbo psss 
• up to 60% discountx 
Open 9-6 Mon-Sat 

hnmuniaatton. Insurance, 
Foretoft Exchange, 
Map i BookShop 


4MB Earls Court Itoad 
Laadoa W8 8EJ 
Long-Hrori Ol'SOS 1315 
Enpt/UM 01437 0400 

Aires im 4T0UT4M 


**ailB CLASS** 
**1ST CLASS** 

* 5YDMV * hkEtaaME* 

* KWH 



* *. BRS8ME * 

* * wajwc * 

* * SUflEA * 

I * AUCKLAND * hW&LMBim * 

♦ FI* * 



♦ DU8« * 

* HD EAST * * 


* * TOKYO * 

* * MAMA * 

* * BAHUH * 



* * HABAHE * 

* fMMHCOUiei * 

* L ANGQ.ES * * HAM * 

* CAHS8EM * oSflUKSOD * 

6 USA 6 USA 6 USA 6 USA * 
$4 South Sl Enm . Soncy 
HBi’Tl T7iM/3J J3C/2T ID*/ 


Sana Mil A e/e iltae 
LOW HBCES ■ destlnaUaw 
available of week at B May. 
TURKEY - KusadasL Bodnon. 
GIKBX - Samos. Koa 
Rhodes. SUM uoa. Lesvoa. 

CANARIES . Uunarate 


(0323) 771286/778344 


watch. 18 ct w now. £1600 

Mto. trt 01-6598829 or ur 
phone 108601360160 


ForaeK. Cat £2 -victoria's 
Secret" 4 . 306 Vauxhad Bridge 
Road. London SWi vlaa. 

SABLE Model Coal BeAtdUutiy 
stylna. valued £25.000. Accept 
£8.500 TH Home 045 563 
299 4. TH Bui 021 236 9647. 


douMe DM ChHsra flat wUt a 
raw to llkr-nundm for (hetr 
onaxond Laadoa trtpa. Reply 
16 BOX B61 . 

luxury sortnczs flat*. 
central London from £325 pw. 
Ring Town HV AWS 373 3433 
new SBoanr Saurar Ailuon- 
worth Ud 01-681 8006417 
Kmanaon. CM rv 24 hr cwbd. 
OX. CdiUlNtain APU 373 6306. 


timsway Hulseys 




01-688 2285 

(Esfd 1970) 




















wanted to tnm home Ham lo I 
Earbflrtd Kddon. O-R. Vmr 
Ut btnrm. TeL 01 B74 338Q. 

BLBWTON o-r. prof. m-f. in 
lux. fro Nr imp . Gdn. £6 5 pw 
. met. TH: 01 607 3606 

BATTERSEA. LurUne ' CardHH. 
taw travH over Rrvor Prof F 
30k Own room m quirt mon- 
wi work fro uo pw exrt. 
lOfHrei 01 4300462: tEvtslOl 
622 2630 

prcMNKMB biocfc-pmaie 
ihowen. rodkuvg fMlblMk 
ro o m service. Strode £70 p w. 
dnoWe Cl 10 pw. TeJ; 01-570 
1572. . 

01-370 5237 


tingle mum 
jn'hurg.Har £300 £466 

Nairobi £220 £525 

Cairo £130 £200 

LWK £235 £336 

DH- Bora £230 £340 

femqkrt £19* £330 

Douala £420 

Afro Asian Travel Ltd 

162- 166 Regent Si w.i. 

mi 01-437 KM'«/7/l 



as. s ™ 

JrtM . EMV. faMH MB 

085 MW 


61-438 2HBW3 7 B617 - 

AMT ARE SRCMUtll Sydney 
g w £395 rtn £646. Auckland 
o w £420 rm £77* Jotjurg 
o w £264 rtn £470 Lw Ange- 
leva w £177 rm £335. London 
ntsra Centre QI570 6332. 


Palma 9/5 fr E 71 

Faro 13/5 fr E 85 

Malaga 10/5 fr £ 98 

Creta8/5 fr £103 

Most other European 
destinations * Ring now 
01-723 6964 

ABTA/ATOL A uwi/ V ha 


Nairobi. Jo’Borj. Onto. 
Dubai. ThmIuL Sntppore. 
YJ, Delhi. .Bangkok, Hong 
Kong. Sydney. Europe. & The 
Americas. Flamingo Travel. 3 
New Quebec Sl Maitte Anti 
London W1H 7DD. 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saturday 1 Qj(XM3.00 

CO S T Ulll l U tS ON flgNs'hOB 
to Europe. LSA A moft deaUna- 
Potb. uptomat Travrt: 01-730 

Jamaica N. YorK Torooto. 
Africa. India. F*r East 01-757 
216EL>0089 ABTA. 

BEST PABCB Europe --VfortdwMe 
_ GOi-Edge TravH ABTA Ring 
AngM 01 839 5053. 


NewB—Bd Genuine dftcaant 
lores. OTC- 01-602 3236. 

Benz TravH. TH 01 38fl 6414. 

CHEAP FUSNTS Worlltwtde. 
Ring HTT 01-930 S45B. 

CHEAP FUOMTS Worldwide. 
HayntsrkH 01-930 1366. 

01 734 1812 JupUer TravH. 

MALABA. FANO. Lowed toree. 
Ol 735 8191. AM 1893. 

SWiramANO Scheduled ItigMi 
01-724 2388 ABTA ATOL 

USA from £99. Malar travel. Ol 
485 9237. IATA 

1 GAUL For mne of (be beet deals 
on (Us. villas, opts, has and car 
hire. TH London Ol 636 8000. 
MandiHier 061 852 2000. Air 
TravH Advisory Bureau. 
nights e g RM £496. Lima 
£475 rtn. Also Small Grown 
Monday Journeys. JLA 01-747- 


USA. S. America. Mid and FBI- 
East. S Africa. Trayvnde. 48 
Margaret Sweet, wi. Ol 580 
' 2928 rvtm Accepted) 

N/YORK Miami LA. Cheapest 
fares on mafcir U5. scheduled 
carriers. Also transatUtohc 
charMroB Monts to Canada- Ol 
884 7371 ABTA. 

ROUND WORLD £795 eran. Ouh 
fr £1699. First fr £2035. Syd- 
ney ir £689 tin. Golunibus. 
Cutlers cantons. 10 Devonshire 
Square. EC2. 01 929 4251. 
TURNEY Laic availability holt- 
days 6. is. 20 May. from £219. 
OP Turkish iMfadit Hobdays 
now. an Ol 891 6469(24 pcs). 
Atnl 2047. . 

Hat 82F. sandy beaches. 3.10 
17 May -Oct fr £139 bn. 
LUI Ml s c ope 01-441 0122 2«|UV 
DISCOUNTS 1st /Economy ack- 
ers. Try us last FLIGHT- 
BOOKERS 01-587 9100. 
worldwide c h e ap est Ares. 
Rtctunond Travel, l Duke- at 
Ht c iunond ABTA ai-uao 4073. 
Bfl I ABI T U UH8UI * Boodec 
law com Blgm experts: Europe 
A W wide. Freedom Hobdays 
01 741 4686 ATOL 452 IATA 
wam, pomuBAL, nnmrr 
FUsttrs from most UK airports. 

. Many late spectoi offers. Faidar 
01 471 0047 ATOL 1640 
TUMS1A Fdr that perfect holiday 
with sunny days dr carefree nix. 
•deal Spring/ Stxnnmr.Tuntttan 
TravH. 01-373 4411. 

TURNEY ngM only to Dntaman 
6.13 6 20 May I A 2 wxs fr 
£139. T Irtish DHIptit RoHdayt 
Ol 891 6469 AW) 2047 
ChA and 1st. BcaUare 01 - 394 - 
1642. Atol 1400. 

AUHE. NZ. south Africa. 
U-S A. Hong Kong. Bert Fares: 
01A93 7775 ABTA. 

tores. Can BtgWes TraveL Ol 
735 8191. Aral 1893. 
SYD/WEL £618 Perth £545 Al 
roam earners ra AUS/NZ. 01- 
684 7371. ABTA 
SOUTH AFRICA Jo-burg front 
£465. 01-584 7371 ABTA. 


SEYC HEL L ES , Guernsey Mands 
01-836 4383 ABTA. 




Efartng Breaks . May, Jme 
from £129pp 

FLY DtKCTta (he tovety b- 
lamb, of skutmos. 
CeFhalONia. COB TU 

lasA Studios cXMe to gtorious 

beaches. Some FREE child 
places- car ntro. FREE 
windsurfing on Crete. Araik 
Bfititty throughout the ! 

0403 59788 


512.10th May 1 or 2 wks. 
vinas/Hpiefa/Apli. HOirw or 
GmwKk. Pan World Hobdays 

01 734 2662 

SMELT CRETE Anglo Creep 

family offer beautiful private 
vine*/ Sudan. Many with 
pools, merits ar r an g ed. FMu 
nog 01 996 4462,0226 
RHODES AmH/Mbf BrogHns 
from £14500 toe. TN Sbrama 
0708 862814. - - 

SWATHOS Secluded studio Deep* 

2 near beach. £160 p.w 
ine.TeLOl 586 2BQ4 


END. Indulge yourself- you 
deserve it. A weekend hi Vas- 
ter. Florence, or Rome. Eat 
wen. drink wed. shop w*a and 
torgn about tnoiand-i decrees. 
Ing weather. Or combing a flly 
weekend with a week by me 
sea Free brochure from Magic 
of limy. Dost ST. 47 Shepherds 
Bum Green. W 12 BPS Tel: Ol 
749 7449 (24 bra service) 
60 mins. Florence. 30 nan*. Si- 
ena. Beautiful Jatn CWvlury 
tormhouse set hv 8 acres. Seep* 
S. 10. Bauan languope course 
and excursions available. £300 
per week or £500 a tortmgbi. 
0629-70404 (EvcsJ 




bedroomed villa <6 persons) 
wuh pool In own grounds. IS 
kms from Faro airport. Avert- 
able from 1st. May. From £150 
pc pw. Telephone Ol 657 a rot 
tor brochure. <24 link 

PORTUGAL - EXautrt be luxurious 
villa la 'rent tor moo lb of Au- 
gust. Pool tennis coon. Sleeps 
10. Half mu# from sea. Refer- 
ences required. Reply to BOX 

SPRING BANK HOL-Pitta* vil- 
las In Algarve with staff dr own 
pools. Mtnrwnts22 May 2wks. 
Palmer h Parker 01-493-6728.- 

Holidays Of duunettoa Mr the 
very few. Tel: OM91 0802. 73 
Sl James's Street. SWi. 

Holidays ol distinction for the 
vary few. TH: 01-491 0802. 73 
SL JanraSV Street. SWI. 


COSTA BRAVA Lia French. 
Appta 2-9 per s ona In inapom 
visage.- Nr bench. Avail June- 
Sept TH: 0222 374149 <24brs) 
NR DEMUL X-torm house deeps 
6. Pool, ds beach, from cw» 
£280 pw. TH OI 226 7883. 



ALFME llpg— - Luxury wort- 
mens la mountain resort, sha 
2-6. TH 0703660920 

special Interest 

4 week Summer Course tor 
Abroad 01-244 8164. 


Howe. 88 Grosvenar Place. 
: Lie. C-'heahiig. Mr Sea A 
bntTneMs. BflUM from £45. 
. Teb-<0843) 221742. 


JERSEY Sdfrrtnto cottages. 
Brochure: Freedom Hobdays. 
Trtniiy. Jersey <06341 62007. 

Aitlfnes B CoDectaMes 




t8ef £1,200 

Stfvcr £500 


jaeger mssm 

I Be* £1.001 

( 9ct £S« 1 



3 C3A00 

. . All other Rolex/ Quality Watches. Wanted 

NOTTINGHAM NG10 £NQ Td 0602 393T3t 


R9 71M, TSL fl-ltl ggfa. 
|Mnk Ns, Tad) 


ii owiu iBnByraqnfretoiwirdaaa 


immediate eaahoflSBc. V a tiratto na wr p dw . j 

68 New Bond. Street, W.L Telephone 01 -6SS 0691 


ItaSHCWM dtahr is 

SSSfcST JS* - 

tmmmi atonty and 
of StBKM Tact- 

sure Oaa 1 SSL 


TeL tor dsDBt 



1-8 Jme E170iS.Taj®M Of Davd 
A WmH; Mha Fayter and 
ofaar tatore n a Inendfr Bfrwtra 

K Eitcettew cuB— ft co nAW; 

■xoronwrahM n tonrannl 
swrmudtogs ountootang HR M>- 

RHI Tap Dak with original chair. 
English Oak. immaculate condl- 
bon. £450. TH Bourne End 
■062861 23543. , 

Fkmrtnes. Jiu iak. etc- want- : 
«L 01 883 0024. 

Buy A War Medal 


SpikSt Son Unriml 
5-7 b r J b w i . St.bmssX 
London SW1Y6QS 
klcL 01-930 7888 (24 bomG, 

A QUMtaMlMd / 


For beautiful country botne near Ngwtoigy. Bata. 
Frtoulty happy atmosphere. 2 teenage d au g hfcru - h o rs e s 
and pets (groom abo employ edk A m a c tiv e shared bdn- 
gakxw accomodation and good salary oftaatl to young 
intelligent well educated person. Non smoker aMe to 
cook and drive. Uee of car and outer petta. Phone UmI- 
say on 01-722 1076/8 between 10.00 djb. and 6J00 


\Mudf Farquhorson Unrftcd 

47 Now Bond straet. London; W1YBHA: ' j 
01-^4838824 ~ 


yfawnyrotlyiKaiii ^rirnclaMlBTOiiraiesIgrawfiBiyoiCeBBai 


fS.S TiM ii <a,l ^ tn ” ■ W” wofa»a Hid 
SSSySH? - B *»to»««faim1ilp4taL Nnedootk mi w 

ndUM aanttn m gw or Ban of i«paiy skmvbl 


ftd Listed Farmhouse, nr Sea. 
Peacefoll Countryrtds. Log 
Fire. Steeps 7. weekend Breaks 
Also AvaU. TH: 01^8841976 
PLYMOUTH. SUM serviced 
apactmenH 2/4 persons. 
Brochure- 0702 669066. 


LUXURY IHEW) Bmcttm first 
30E 133ft) 6 berth, charter Win- 
dermere. AH • cuitwit 
Exerteul samng- Bareboat or 
skippered. <02741 56242a 


LANGDAi r luxury lodge ip sleep 
6 wim all ancrtM im of dub 
house gym indoor pool etc. 
from 17th IO 24th May Ol 969 
8303 or Ol 241 2891 



June 1986. nutmeg 1 
metMlic/MUwn leather sports \j. 
seats, ou extras. 5 . 000 . nOes 31 1 
only, as new. £27.900, TN ■ 
Knowte >06645) 70247. 


.A 1 ,r»- i L 




mer available. 2 ciuumiuu vfBaa 
with pools in Maiorca. 1 nr M- 
nu s le e ps 7. 1 in country s le eps 
6. From £200 pw. 01-730 1648 




We hn ■ Imiiled. jet dK i nct ira 
seketien of pemusly inpeclid 
pre g eit i e » akag ike nd in ftdi- 
naiUe rasarta. or aapait maty 

PW W WU House. 200 single 
rooms. A6epw partial board. 
Apply 172 New KMt Road. 
London. SEi . »YT. Tat Oi -703 


equi p ped, ummerrupied view 
over the River Avon. Sattsoury 
2 mam. Available from 6<h 
MAY 10 12lh June. Skein 2. 
£90 PUT week. TU: 10722] 710 
271 altar G pro. 

A S— . a lively personattly ana 
are 20-307 w* need an extra 
co nsul t an t for our word pro- ; 
cessing agency. Can Lyn Caen 
on 439 7001 

luuonai trading co m pany SWI. 
Previous experience and typing 
required. Word Associates 
tAgyj 01-377 0433. 


SURVEYOR. Holland Par* needs 
highly efficient secretary who 
W» do audio. Flexible 16-20 
hour* 44 days per week. £ 6.00 
per hour. Ol 229 6696 


lor _____ 


Sqj ham Rd. SwO. Hsi— RObaa • 




Shiota Dr «* lanraw Nats 8 
dims wtb lebts. g/Wndma & s/roaf . 
ailo. Tno HMI wtti «/ng. ABS 
«ss. (W3BB wheels- 7 b* toe 
praHa ft skL tn bm, ft aha am 

» » '“SsSSffSi. ■ ht ‘ 

. Tel: 0234 713306 
en & vk/eads. 

■mow MM 1973 MetoL- 
bc Mue. 1 owner. Offers 
JgJgtL T* 0706 373666 

n -v’i; Vu 

r;-^ : 


Tab Brighlra (0273) 582454 

MONHJE HOMES 60 yra Iran 
TOmpeMiuw Bench. St Tronez 
rtn nr Raven 0666 2141 

South of 

Houses for discerning dients 
who only want the beM on Ihe 
Cote 4 * Ad*. They vary from 
elegant, luxurious mangtons 
with pool, beach, stuff an Cpp 
Ferrat— tochamung. 
country houses in the Alpes . 
Maritime*. Rentals from 
SL.000 p.w. for a house 
sleeping 6. Details of these 
•xeiusive properties only 
available from Atm Sadler at: 

ABTA CV Trend (RHP) 
MOL3J7D France Departraaet 
m 43 Ctatoogn street 
W U London SW3 2PR 

%aX| 01-681 0861 
SSMW (5890132 - 24 he 
brochure aerrtca) 



BQBR FWL £isepw. 2 bed 
turn apt Mtn 6 mth. Co Irt 
only Also seleelKna available In 
Sl Johns wood ft W Hamp- 
strad. AXLR.G. 886-8811. 


Wi. Instant luxury serricM of- 
dm from as little ag erg per 
week mdudea ra t es . Hedrtdty. 
rleanlniL security, ndn gym. 
aim available reception, idex. 
secretarial ph o to copy! ng.- 

phones. torts, word processing, 
board room. No nonscRM u- 
censes Ho tong lerm 
com ml tmentg. Gall Jane - 
Weticome 01 439 1188. 


HOLIDAY COOH for remote Scot- , 
tub Lodge. 20tn July to 3rd 
August. Tot 024368 3803 

CORDON BLEU framed young 
lady required now until Sep- 
tember. Luxurious Oopi ex 
aopartmenL Hyde Park, same 
Ughl housework, family .with 
d a ug h ter* 18 and 12. Own 
■ room and bathroom. Refsrasen- 
Ual. Trt 01-402 6788 Or 01362 


87 Regent Street Xoodon WL 
Tel 439 6634.UK /Oversea* . 
ABO RUMlPSrtlom temp/penn i 

HERCEDCS 2S9SL 1-30C Mue. 
automatic, taxed ft tested. Ex- 
ceUenr condition. 49.000 nrtteg. 
£14300 or nearest oner. Teh 
Lee*rt»3e) 7964B8 eJOanf: 


BLOB Enro n LW as\. secretart- 
al qiartOcations. bear vxkf 
IdbMng 1 wonawMe tor past 7 
yrors. Back in Britain seeking 
Mb to gel adrenaUm going. 
Home or overseas, contact 
Katie Morris on 0423 871713 . 


1962 fYl. PAS. Elec wtntt££ 
Alrcond. Stereo. Venetian Red. 
4 door. 40500 mb. zu soq. 
Tel: 0245 361203 DVes/wtim 

Ins. people, travel-, geeks 
demanding position. Tat Ol- 
221 1029. . 


ASTON MARTIN VE. 1980 (bear 
Indtt. Metallic Blue wtui 'cream 
leather inter**-, automat*. 

Jet; Mr Leigh 014261- 
3732 daytuna. 




Accommodation available at the 


From 10th May *86 

Telephone: 01-583 8433 . 
ask for JOHN HAQVEY 



A- successful and expanding Engineering' 
PuWc Company requires a hungry Man- 
aging Director with a proven track record « 
lo revitalise and develop a manufacturing •• 
subsidiary with incredible potential He/ 
she would also promote and control the 
sales and marketing functions. 

An «“fting financial package of up to 
£20,000 basic per annum plus bonuses. 

. car, pension and BUPA is offered for th is - 
key. position. 

Please apply with full CV to> 

The Chairman, 
c/o Box B96 The Times, 
(Advertisement Department), 
Virginia Street, London El 9DD. • 

Wl.wptiKRiitethHiDd ^tattesUeGstGOnfidefiea. 


L> * liStO 


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Danishgar can 
reveal true 

potential over 
ideal trip 

By Mandarin (Michael Phfllips) 

to of Nomrood, is unquesiion- 
draw further attention to the ably in the best position to 
£»* strength of Michael weigh up matters So the fact 
Suwte s hand this season by that be is running his narrow 
R<S Kempton ™n«r, nEE 
fSS “ afteTTlooa - against Danishgar speaks fof 

Abeady this spring we have itself However, 1 sSSprefer 
SSL,** master of Beech Danishgar at a difference of 
Hurst unveil Shahrastani. the 51b. 

new fevourite for the Derby; Those who have plunged on 

fiJS ^2^2fo ayso ? n ’? e Craven Stakes winner, 
first and second fevountes for Dancing Brave, to win 

SS Guineas Saturday's 2,000 Guineas will 

ana (men Desert who is be looking to Mashkour to 
'£7S?fnnn£ foriora hope provide some encouragement. 

. r 2,000 Guinns follow- Henry Oscil's coh certainly 
|ng thatexoellent weight carry- did well to finish third behind 
mg performance in the Free Dancing Brave at Newmarket 
H nL < ?^ p ' i. .v but he should not-ghre weight 

Being by the ill-fated to Danishgar if my selection is 
bheraar and out of a mare by as good as he is cracked up to 
Abdos. Danishgar should be. 

come into his own now that he Ship Of State was equally 
. is racing over a mile and a promising last year, but he 
-quarter. He showed sufficient comes from a stable which has 
promise in his two races last been comparatively slow to 
war to suggest that he should strike form this spring, where- 
be able to lake full advantage as Danishgar is a leading 
of his maiden's allowance this member of an outfit which is 
■afternoon and beat Mashkour currently riding on a crest 
and Nisnas at a difference of While some have been be- 
5to- * moaning the soft state of the 

Anydisappoin&nent felt ground both on the gallops 
when Danishgar failed to beat and on the racecourse of late. 
Nomrood-at- Newmarket last the sound of rain has been like 
autumn must have been sweet music in the ears of 
nullified later when Nomrood those closest to Valuable Wft- 
went on to run so wefl in the ness, who is my selection to 
William Hill Futurity at Don- win the lnsulpak Sagaro EBF 
caster. Paul Cole, the trainer Slakes. 


*«!**"£■*• ' 

Valuable Witness, who will be ideally suited by the yielding surface at Ascot 

Given the right conditions 
underfoot, Jeremy Tree's inju- 
ry-prone six-year-old is as 
good a slayer as there is in the 
country. He is also capable of 
winning first time out. as he 
proved Iasi year. So I expect 
him to make another good 
beginning, even though he 
comes from another stable 
which is not exactly firing on 
all cylinders yet. 

Spicy Story, who was one of 
the uniuckiest losers of last 
season in this very race: 
Eastern Mystic and Ramich 
John, the Irish challenger, who 
has stayed over since finishing 
a close third behind Supreme 
Leader at San down last Satur- 
day, will undoubtedly provide 
stiff opposition, but I feel that 
an in-form Valuable Witness 

will be too strong for them on 
the prevailing soft ground. 

Following a good run in the 
Newbury Spring Cup, Virgin 
Isle is taken to win the 
lnsulpak Victoria Cup. which 
Patrick Haslam, his trainer, 
won two years ago with 
Mummy's Pleasure. 

At Newbury nothing was 
going better than Virgin Isle 

passing the seven-furlong 

marker. However, he weak- 
ened towards the end of the 
eighth and last furlong and 
finished fifth. Bui he was siill 
beaten only two lengths and he 
holds Com Street on that 
running. He should be hard to 
beat over today's slightly 
shorter distance. 

On the jumping front, I 
expect Singalong Sam to 

prove a lough nut to crack in 
the Haddington Jubilee Cup 2 i 
Kelso. The winner of two 
chases on the course already, 
he was far from disgraced at 
Liverpool, even though he did 
finish last of six eventually in 
the race won by Arctic Beau. 
The winner went on lo run ihe 
race of his life in last 
Saturday's Whitbread Gold 

With Cheerie Chief. Coul- 
ters Candy. Urser. YougJial 
and Olive Press all standing 
their ground, ihe SMT United 
Border Hunt Chase looks like 
being a real treat in store for 
visitors to the Scottish course. 
My vote goes to Olive Press, 
even though today's course 
w as ihe scene of ihe only blot 
on his copybook this season. 


Drawn low numbers best 
Going; soft 

a £684: 5ft (12 runners) 

3 SAWDUST JACK M W Easterly 9-0 — M Hindtoy (3) 9 

5 a CLOWN STREAKER UH EaswOv 511 .._.-M8wti 4 

6 EUROCOM D Chepnan 3-1 1 DNtchoO»12 

8 0 GEOBRITONV D MoWan 51 1 JLamS 






3 AFRABELA M Brrtxan9-8 


.. KOfftoylO 
.. M Wood 7 


SKolgnaey 8 





KALA'S HWAQE G Moors 5B ... 


Mt&S DIAMANTE E Alston 56 . . __ 

...A Proud 11 

5-2 Clown Streaker, 100-30 AfraMla. 4-1 Rhabdomacer, 
13-2 Master Pokey. 8-1 Gwyntxook. 12-1 Qst Sot Lea. 14-1 

Catterick selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Clown Streaker. 145 DOrs Gem. 3.15 
Going Broke. 3.45 Marching Moth. 4.15 Auction 
Time- 4.45 Shanouska. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

3.15 Sun Street. 4.15 Auction Time. 

Michael Seely’s selection; 3.15 GOING 
BROKE (nap). 

£928: 1m 4f 40yd) (7) 

1 008- DAD’S GUNNER B Moman 3-10 BCrosaley 1 

2 Ml DXHTS GEM H Ronan 8-10 rim 7 

4 -300 HOT RULER M Bnnan B-10 K Dariey 2 

5 00- LUCKY HUMBUG W Pearce S-1Q N Comoran 4 

6 M4 PEfMYMBOr Ron Tftotnpson 8-10 — _ RPaiot!5 

8 00-0 QUIVERING N Cfcambenan 8-7 JLowe 3 

9 00-0 SOLENT BREEZE W Turner 8-7 RCuntE 

5-4 D'Or’a Gem. 3-1 Ferayn Boy. B-2 Hoi Ruytar, 6-1 

Ouhmring. 12-1 Where. 

3.15 BRIDGE HANDICAP (£1.861: 1m 7f 180yd) 

( 17 ) 

2 2M MAWJOW (O-M Miss 5 Hak S^-7 EGua»|3)1 

5 (M3 RED DUSTER (C-D) T Fwnursi 6-9-3 — M Beacrofi B 

6 240- SUN STREET (C) C Bntmm 4-3-3 Thws6 

8 005- AB8S VALLEY MCamacno 4-8-11 - N Comoran 11 

10 -130 CARNEADES (BXC-DXBF) M H EftStWtgr^ ^ ^ 

11 080 DUKE OF DOLUS W Storey 7-80 N Adams 5 

12 04-3 RACING DEMON F Carr 4-8-4 S Moms 9 

13 08-1 FRASASSD Chapman 804 (4ax) DNic**s17 



If 1 20yd) (22 runners) 

4 340P BUIE RAVINE WG Road 7-12-0 ■— 

7 CLONASLEE M Anson 8-12-0 S WWakerfq 

9 POPP DEM CHEVAL C B Boom 8-12-0 K Cotter f7) 

14 3/8- HOME LEAVE J Ctisffion 8-12-8 SLom(7) 

15 4SP M ALL FABWESS Ms M Dickinson 

5-12-OP Omnia (4) 

16 009 ITALIAN TOUR J Norton 6-12-0 — 

17 00 JAY DOUBLE YOU J S HMson 5-12-0 DMaaaggsrt 

18 040 KHBLANDSJimnyintzgaraid 6-12-0... E Freeman 

20 04 LAID BACK D MoorhBadS-12-0 jQoon 

21 0 LUMPEDE F Jest*) 5-12-0 JG«*MCk<7) 

22 04 IIANASOTA KEY RRtner 5-120 A Fowler 

24 mm NORTHUMBRIA HAtaxandar 7-120 JUMum 

25 30 OWEN DUFF Mre M Dcknson 7-12-0 .. — NSaath(7] 

26 CPPfl PAMPH BNOJBrocMiank 5-12-0 — 

31 -002 SMRL HOWE WAS*ptwnscn 6-12-0 H 

33 PPP THE RMKJRedtem 6-12-0 

36 PPM GOLD PROFIT W G Young 6-11-9 K Anderson (7) 

39 0 MBS MUFSIE Robson Wl-9 TReed 

41 -PM RAYING NPrtnrte 7-11-9 JFeone*»y(7) 

42 -OOP RIVER SONG D Daring 7-11-9 DBw8ng{7) 

44 0004 WARRIORS SONG ®Uns I Bel 6-1 1-9 T Morrtsoe (7) 
46 TODOLM KANE C Parker 4-l<-7 LHodson{7) 

11-4 Bwtri GW. 7-2 Owen Dun. 9-2 In All Fairness. 

partners Bridesmaid- gr.BQffl.'aft £14.10. E&0 

• Ladbrokes report heavy support for Shahrastani in ihe Derby, csf- Ei3i.7«. 

Michael Sioute'scoli was laid 10 lose £40,000 yesterday and is now 40 nm m ^ WLTESCS 
5-1 favourite from 6-1- 20-1): 2, Ei*arr (S cauw 

Ktatawi Paafc <W Rywl7- 

Today’s course specialists SSs 

29^V T Barron. 12 from 48. 207^_ fim. Canodw* » 

ASCOT „„ joo^YS T fves. 20 tumnere tmrn 88 Mo*a. KooKy » 

TRABffiR&HCaeg. 30 wcwgslnyn 115 nags. S2J%: M Buch. 22 mxn )88 ndas. MHiesmgan^NtaiftyiKw 
rjeners. 261V H THgrOQn_ JOnw. 11.7^ SWKBf. Tender Jy&i ^ 

from 66. 19.7V. J Tree. 13 frwn 67. Lass.Tanagnn. 2gran-g 

1944b KELSO isi, A Jar»*s 

TRABCfi®: Mrs M DeWnson. 20 arirmars li/S}, E1,tfl,EZ,SD,DF ‘ 
226nfiM. 164V; BTteflWCg-Sfrwj 381 f faT1 4af V fsi8rs,4i.7 t fc.E Ronson.Sfrom £37^0. 
1oA4;CSai*ay.3ClfBmt9S. 15*«* 25 . 3 ^ 0 %; K Over- 14 WOT 83. Ifi^v 4J0 n m 6fl 1. LOVE W 

CATTERICK uSrei. 3-1 bvt 2. Tha * 

TRAMERB L Cunan*. 7 **r**F™™£ 22"t jsjST **" Wimams. 8-1J: 3. Sup* 

njrpufj 583%; M Presefft 17 from 58. lifrSi; T G Dur. 10 fiom 12a. 

(im 2f) 1. PATS JESTER (M Wood. 

Sranorave. B-1 FeoaSift. Lady Owe". 11-1 
partSs Bar, S S Smbd 6tn. 14-1 

&SSB.S18&1S»;« I 

ra^°fiEL F ff’iSESjf l 

E7 80; F1.80. E14.1D, E&BO. DF: E206m , 
CSF- E121.74 

4.0 dm 20 L MH-reSCSM ID NtehMS. 
20-1); 2, Eiftarr (S Cawnen. B-1 1 tevfc 3, 
fi^P«* 1 W l fly« k 7-1).AL50R AN: 
?-2 Mount CMympus 5tt. UA CM To 
Honor 4rti, lil OukbL Rw WJ 
Manner. 25-1 Ri m By Mn. 33-1 AW«o 


Z 2 ran. S» MJJ. ma. 
1ST A JW« at RWrowi- rawmao; 
£4.70. E1.10. E2.30. DF; £21.80. CSF 

4 JO dm fill 1. LOVE WALKED IN IR 
Morse. 3-1 bvt i The Maaaawmit (T 
Wimams. 8-1): 3. Super Gre» iB 

Kelso selections 

By Mandarin 

2.30 Keldlands. 3.0 Singalong Sam. 3.30 
Ashbcndcr. 4.0 Steel Venture. 4.30 Olive Press. 

5- 0 Thorbell Arch. 

CHASE (EL334: 2m 6f) (15) 

2 PI 04 FORUNA’S EXPRESS (C)W A Stephenson 

12-11 -7 R Lamb 

3 3233 THE DWaERlC) Mrs T Cam 8-11-1 TG Dim 

4 3BPU PWLTieFlilTERHWIiaran 11-10-11 — 

5 Ora) BROKEN SPEECH IBXC) N Crumo lD-lD-10 C Hawkins 

6 3012 UTILE FRENCHMAN (CJ31 E Robson 

13-10-9 MrT Read 

9 4110 SMGALOUG SAM {C-D) F Watson 8-10-7 — . C Grant 

10 0384 STAID BACK W A S&sBfcanson 8-10-6 K Jones 

12 004? WORTHY HEIRESS (C-DJ E Robson 

1 1-10-4 REamshaw 

IS 340P HAZY GLBi T Bams 8-10-0 M Barnes 

17 P4-4 BLACXHAWK STAR 1C) KOkver 12-180 .. JKKmane 

19 2PO0 POLL1TS PALS Payne B-IIW) PTueli 

23 1304 WLLOWBURN R Bwhs 12-10-0 A SWnger 

26 4UP MCKY TAM (□} N Pmde 13-10-0 D Corns* 

27 /UP- SHACKLE LAD J Mooney 11 -UH) J Mooney 

28 U443 HOHAN-PAUL (C-CJ) S LaadOeWf 13-1M — 

5-2 Utfla Frenchman, 3-1 Smgaiong Sam. 9-2 The Onnder, 

6- 1 Btacnnawk Star. B-i Fonma's Express. 10-1 Stand Back, 

NOVICE HANDICAP HURDLE (£t .455: 2m) (22) 

1 010 PRYING PARSONS IBriKOivw 5-12-1 TO Den 

9 2100 HARLEY Mu J Eaton 6-11-2 P Barry 

11 1000 W ALtfK* HARBOUR mTJeBtp _ 

51 1-0 MrT Jeffrey (7) 

14 OeiO TAX Ct»E(D}N Crump 510-13 C Hawkins 

15 mi HALF SHAFT (USAMC-O) W A Staphenson 


17 4033 GRS1ACRES Gffl. (D) B McMahon 5-10-1 1 _ TWsB 
19 -BOO PROUD CON J Chauon 7-10-10 REamslmw 

21 P32F LACfflAfl (BF) J H Jomson 510-10 UReapw 

22 34U4 AORTIC B fither 7-1M H Ma^ i Of 

14 42-1 GOING BROKE D Uwray-Smnti 6-8-2 14sx) S 


15 -310 CHRISTMAS HOLLY Mrs G Reveley 

5-51 GCraggs(7)16 

17 003- MARINERS DREAM RHatknstiaad 

57-11 A Caftan (7) 14 

18 500 BANTEL BUCCANEER Ui£& I Bed 4-7-11 NCatfisialS 

19 0001 GREY CARD M EUerBy 57-1 T JQusm(7)73 

20 3-04 PINW1DDIE H Ronan 4-7-11 LCtomoe* 12 

21 4/50 BALXASH <B) R SuDOt 57-11 — 7 

22 00-0 ALLE2 N Cnamteram 4-7-9 J Loew 3 

24 050 PORTER E Caner 7-7-8. Wendy Carter 4 

4-1 Going Broke. 9-2 Red Duster. 51 Frasass. 51 
Cameades. 5i Manion. 151 Racing Demon. 12-1 Cnnsonos 
Holy. Sun StraeL 151 others- 

3.45 RICHMOND STAKES (2-Y-O: £1^02: Sft (7) 

2 1 MARCHING MOTH (D) M CamacPo 9-2 NConnortonT 

4 2104 WNISPJNG WONDER <D)MBrmain 52.... K Dartay 2 

6 02 MR GRUMPY (BF) Denys Smrtn 511 MFry4 

8 020 ROWEKINQ L UgnHXOwr 51 1 T Ives 5 

11 VAIGLY YELLOW BMcManon 511 JHMs($>1 

13 BRIAROUEEN VV Bentley 8-8-, DN*holB6 

14 0 CREOLE BAY TFartwrsiM C Coats* (S) 3 

5-4 Marching Moth. 1 1-4 Mr Grumpy. 4-1 Whfettng 

Wonder. 13-2 Roweking. 14-1 offlere. 

4.15 HURQILL LODGE STAKES (3-Y-O: £726: 71) 


2 0 AL BASHAAMA (CAN) L Cumanr 9-0 — P HambMf 5 

3 03 AUCTION TIME |BF) M Prescon 9-0 C Nutter 3 

4 -000 BANTEL BEAU (B) Miss I Bell 9-0 N Carlisle 7 

7 93 BOLD SEA ROVER (BFJMHEasiertjy 50 _ MBnhS 

a 005 BOLLM UNCLE M H EaSffirtw 9-0 K Hodgson 1 

10 CHERRY LUSTRE J Wans 9-0 N Common 6 

11 -034 GLOR1ANT M Bnrr.un 8-0 K Dortey 4 

21 005 CARRIBEAN SOUND CBnnam 511 J Loavn S 

26 005 LARNEM T FarRursi 511 C Coans IS) 11 

27 45 MISS LAURA LEE P Fetes 51 1 Gw KeUeway (5) 10 

29 054 ROBB Mrs NMacautey 511 SP Griffith* (5) 2 

2-1 AiBasnaama. 7-2 Auction Time. 4-1 Bold Sea Rover, 5 
1 Camtoan Sound. 51 Roots. 151 Glonam. 12-1 others. 

4.45 SPRING HANDICAP (£1.463: 61 ) (13) 

1 510 GODS SOLUTION (C-0)T Barron 5150 BMcGtff (Tl 6 

2 0240 BAY BAZAAR MW EasWDy 459 .... M Hmdley (3) 1 


4-58 J MBs (5) 4 

7 050 TANFEN (C-D) T Cr»g 59-3 NCarMe13 

a 005 TRICENCO (Dl w Storey 4-51 N Adams 3 

5 -000 SPOILT FOR CHOicetCMDJD Chapman 


10 005 GODLORD (C) T Taytar 6-50 MBacftB 

11 521 SHANOUSKA ID) JSWtson 5511. S P GiHBBb 15) S 

12 500 MQNSWART (D| D Cnapman 5510 — SlUrgMoyll 

13 -004 FARGHEEN 1C) D Cnapman 8-8-9 — N Leach (7) 12 

14 0-30 VIA SATELLITE IBKBFJRSmpson 4-59 SWrmworthZ 

15 005 DORAMEG Games 557 JOtmm{7)7 

16 005 EASTBROOK(D) Miss S Hal 557 K Hodgson 10 

51 Via SateMne, 4-1 snanouska. 51 Fairgreen.5i Bay 

Bazaar. 51 Gods Solution. 151 Floirwgas Day. 12-1 
. East brook. Monswart, 14-1 Dthere. 

24 500 HASTY IWORT T L Robson 7-157 Mis* A Lock (7) 
26 0022 ASHBENDER (BWBF) O Moftatl 510-6 KTeelBi 

28 020 SMART MART M Camacno 7-1 0-6 M HO (7) 

29 4000 STAR EVENT JPwMS 5156 RBMtourfT) 

31 0300 ARIZONA DUST T Craig510-4 BHay(7) 

34 0004 NORWHISTLE (BHD) TCran 5151 C Grew 

36 504 ATKiNSONS G Ricnards 5150 DCoaUey 


510-0 D CandeQ (7) 

39 005 RUSHYFORDV TTiompson 5150 Mr U Thompson (4) 

40 00PO PRINCE RAPID (B)J Norton 510-0 — 

41 0003 HOLUN BARN O LOB 510-0 — — G Harter (4) 

42 04F2 QUALITY PRINCE M Awson 510-0 R Martey (7) 

43 2/5 SMOKEY SHADOW Mre G flwaley 5150 . P Nfren (4) 
4-1 Asitttender. 51 Attunsons. 51 Quality Prince. 7-1 Half 

Shan. 5i Haney. 151 Prying Parsons. Aortic. 12-1 Tax Code. 

430 BORDER HUNTER CHASE (amateurs) 
£1,091: 3m) (11) 

1 14-4 BOSJOB fC-D) J Brockbai* 15157. T BracMwnk (7) 

2 4-12 CHEERIE CHIEF <C-D)H Barclay 

1512-7 K Anderson (7) 

3 2112 COULTERS CANDY (C-O)DMcGarva 

7-12-7 S Cunningham (7) 

5 1-PI URSER (D) M W Easterby 

12-1 2-7 T Thompson Jona* 

6 2-43 YOUOHAL(C-DHBFjw A Stephenson 

15157 J GrsenaN 0 

7 401/ LflCH BRANDY Mrs i Niren 5152 JHDuntf 

8 1U11 OLIVE PRESS A Macfflggan 

512-3 Mr OMactagganm 
13 R434 ICE KILL Mas S Wilson 1512-0 Mr P Derma (4) 

16 -43F Ml NASH T Dun 512-0 J Fermcsiy (7) 

17 J25 MUSTAPHA (0) J Heltons 512-0 TReed 

19 FRO- WINNING BRIEF R Paisley IT-12-0 — 

7-4 urser. 52 Cheerie Chief. 4-1 Oliver Press. 51 Coulters 
Candy. 51 Mr Nasn. 14-1 Boojob. 151 otners. 

196yd) (11) 

2 4F0P ANOTHER FLAME V Thompson 511-8 Brown 

4 41PF DORONCUM G Ricrards 7-11-8 P Tuck 

5 040P KBSBOY Miss l Bell 5H-8 M Meagre* 

6 021 F STEEL VENTURE Mrs M Ddunson 7-11-8 REamafaw 

7 FPPF AVON OAK D MacDpnaW 9-11-0 — 

ID 0-W HOPWAS BMcManon 7-11-0 TWM 

12 DPOF SWEET STREAM W A Stephenson 7-11-0 — K Jones 

16 3PP LADY LAKELAND S Payne H-lD-9 C Grant 

17 0403 MOONLIGHTING J Parkes 510-9 R Balfcxir(7) 

18 PF44 RIGHT CLOUDY P UOfSe 5199 G Marpn 

18 0000 TASAR W A Sisohereon 510-8 R Lamb 

151 1 Steel Venture, 4-1 Doronicum. 51 Moanfcgrmng. a-1 
Sweet Stream. 151 High! Cloudy. 12-t omers. 


4 0034 IDA'S DELIGHT (BFJ J Chartun 7-1 1-7 REamshaw 

5 0133 THORBELL ARCH (D)R Grey 7-1 1-4 C Hawksia 

9 0030 TOMMY GE (8F) Mrs J GoodieUow 

7-1913 Mr P Dennis f4) 
1! (MOO TOT <C-D)J Gbd&cn 51512 HrPCragga 

12 2230 CAPTAIN CURTAIN (C-D)(BF) R Ftsnw 


13 31-0 UNGUARDED F Storey 51510 J Hansen 

IS 0000 BULLOM Denys Small 5156 C Grant 

17 404- FELIXSTOWE LAD (Dl J H Johnson 7-155.. M Pepper 

18 2200 DRAW THE LINE (D) S Ricnmond 7-154 PCotngaofT) 

22 0000 THARALEOS (USA) F Watson 5151 GHaraer/4) 

23 1003 PRICEOFLOVE (Dl O Mottan 5*50 K Tewtan 

25 0020 REMAINDER WYNMBOwxer 5150... MrMBmrter 

26 0000 SUSAWUfBlJ Andrews 5150. Mrs S Braflbumo (7) 

27 500 S9.YER DREAMER W H Harrson 510-0- S Turner [7] 

28 0401 JARALL (D) J Mncnal 5150 DConacfl (7) 

11-4 Ida's Detajhi. 10530 Captain Curtain. 4-1 Thorpe* 

Arch, 51 Tommy ge. 51 Unguarded. T2-1 PneooflQva. 



Not even Frost can 
freeze out Chinese 

From Richard Eaton, Jakarta 

18 in 2,000 

Eighteen horses nere de- 
clared at yesterday's four-day 
stage for the General Accident 
2.000 Guineas at Newmarket 
on Saturday. They are: 
Alshinfarah (A Murray). 
Dancing Brave (G Starkey), 
Exotic River fG Mossek 
Fa m com be (— ). Faustns (S 
Cauthen), Green Desert (W 
$u inborn). Hall To Roberto 
(C Asmassen). Hallgate (K 
Hodgson), Huntingdale (M 
Hills), Jazetas (R Cochrane), 
Lead On Time (V Saint- 
Martin), Nomrood (T Quinn), 
Sharrood (W Carson), 
Soughaan (-), Sure Blade (B 
Thomson). Tale Gallery (T 
I»es). Toca Madera (S 
Craine), \'aingIorions (— ). 

Despite a highly satisfying 1 5- 
». ) 5-3 victory for Monen Frost 
the All-England champion, over 
Han Jian. the world champion. 
Denmark could not overcome 
the Asian dominance of the 
Thomas Cup world team 
championships here yesterday. 
China's 3-1 winning lead took 
them through to the final where 
they will meet either the holders, 
Indonesia, or Malaysia. 

Not since 1979 have a Euro- 
pean country contested the final 
and. with the service of Isiora 
Senayan. it was alway-s going lo 
be difficult to change ihaL 

Frost, however, had made il 
look possible. Despite the 
doubts that ihe London-based 
Dane had been uttering about 
his fitness, he was physically 
superior to the man who beat 
him surprisingly in the world 
final at Calgary last year- ~I have 
been playing poker with three 
three's in' my hand." Frost said. 
Yesterday it looked more like 
three kings. 

From 1U-7 through to the end 
of the first game Frost pushed 
fast clears out to each comer. 
Has neat and tight with his play 
around the net. and was re- 
warded with a siring of un- 
characteristic errors from the 
little Chinese player who is 
normally steady and patient. 

Roger Johansson, of Sweden, 
the assistant referee, came on io 
sort out the muddle, which was 
compounded by Frost trying to 
reverse the linesman's decision 
in his opponent's favour. Such 

generosity could be afforded 
yesterday. ^ 

But singles defeats for lb 
Frederiksen (to Yang Yang) and 
for Michael K/cldsen (to Xiang 
Cuobal) homed Denmark to 
defeat.Latcr there was another 
Chinese victory when ihwv 
reached the Uber Cup final for 
the second successive time by 
beating South Korea's women- 

When Denmark play England 
and Sweden next season there 
could be a revolution in the 
scoring system. The Inter- 
national Badminton Federation 
agreed at their annual meeting 
that these or any other countries 
would be allowed to experiment 
with a shortened system of nine 
points only for five games, as a 
way of making the sport more 
attractive for television. 

Another proposal to change 
the women's singles scoring 
from 1 1 points per game to the 
1 5 used by the men was referred 
to the International Badminton 
Federation council HBF). It may 
have difficulty in becoming 
accepted because it is widely felt 
to discourage women's singles ai 
the grass roots. But a proposal to 
simplify the service rules, which 
have created a good deal of 
argument with different inter- 
pretations. has been accepted. 

Meanwhile, South Africa will 
remain a member of the 1BF. A 
move from the Soviet Union. 
Nigeria and Norway to have 
that country expelled failed to 
gain ihe -necessary three-quar- 
lers majority, although ihe vot- 
ing was 18-13 in favour 


Conservative path 
attracts Garner 

By Mitchell Platts 

Maureen Garner wifi not be 
too alarmed if she fails to 
emulate Kitrina Douglas and 
Gillian Stewart by winning the 
Ford Ladies Classic which will 
start ai Woburn Golf and Coun- 
try Gub today. Miss Douglas 
and Miss Stewart began their 
careers by winning this annua] 
curtain-raiser to the Women's 
PG A season. 

Mrs Gamer is beginning what 
she hopes will be a fruitful 
career, although she is sensibly 
i taking a conservative view 
rather than insisting that she 
will stan as fast as her former 
amateur colleagues. 

“I have to be encouraged by 
what Kitrina and Gillian have 
achieved.” Mrs Gamer said. "I 
can relate to them as golfers 
because we all played so many 
limes with and against each 
other. So 1 have to believe that 

their footsteps. 

"Gillian. however, lived and 
slept golf for five years before 
she turned professional. I am 
only now beginning to dedicate 
myself to that land of life so I 
might require more time.” 

Mrs Gamer, aged 28. has 
arrived among the professional 
ranks later rather than sooner 
simply because geographical 
reasons made it financially diffi- 
cult for her to plan such a career. 
She has moved from her North- 
ern Ireland home to 
W'hitchurch, in Shropshire, 
where John Gamer, the former 
Ryder Cup player wham she 
married, has a golf school at the 
Hill Valley Country Club. 

‘‘It will make commuting to 
tournaments a lot easier than if I 

had still been living in 
Ponsiewan.” Mrs Gamer said. 
"I actually decided io turn 
professional last August but I 
did not make the change-over 
until one month ago when I 
secured sponsorship from Tipp- 
Ex. I played in a pro-am last 
week and I earned £300. which 
is equivalent to whai I used to be 
paid forabout a couple of weeks' 

“That is not to say it's going to 
be easy to earn money out here. 
! know it won't be. But I am 
looking forward to ihe challenge 
without selling myself financial 
targets- 1 am convinced that the 
way to make a success of this 
career is to think solely in terms 
of scoring well and I wifi be 
looking ai par figures initially 

Miss Siewari and Muriel 
Thomson, who was beaten in a 
play-off, were the only players to 

r 'Tmi 

last year. The Woburn course is 
in better condition than 1 2 
months ago 

That being said, the scoring 
could be tower and Laura 
Davies, the leading player in the 
Ring and Brxmer order of merit 
last year with £21,736, will leave 
her driver in the bag some of the 
time to try to carve a successful 
path along the tree-lined fair- 
ways. “I finished down the field 
here last year and that was 
because I lacked ihe experience 
to harness my power.” she said- 

The standard of play on ihe 
WPGA circuit has improved by 
such a degree that the support 
from sponsors has increased to 
give the players a total of 
£750.000 for which to play this 


England are confident 
of turning the tables 

By Keith Macklin 

There will be no repeal this 
season of last season's virtual 
whitewash inflicted by Den- 
mark in international com- 
petition and by Danish riders in 
British speedway. 

Eric Boocock, co-manager of 
the England team which starts a 
five-match series against the 
Danes this weekend, says: “The 
Danes were the best in the world 
last season, and were under- 
standably cocky about it. but 
England have a strengthened 
learn. Last season Kenny 
Carters injury in the last inter- 
national turned the tide. This 
time, with Simon Wigg back 
afier his suspension problems, 
we know we can do it.” 

Notwithstanding this appar- 
ent confidence, il will be diffi- 
cult for England to defeat the 
Danes who last year won the 
international series 2-1. and 
elsewhere swept the board. Erik 
Gundersen won the world 
championship and die British 
League riders' championship. 
Gundersen and Tommy Knud- 
sen won the world pairs title, 
and io cap it ail. Denmark won 
the world team cup. Hans 
Nielsen spearheaded Oxford to 
a series of triumphs in domestic 
competitions and won the 
Golden Helm cl His total of 626 
poinislefi him nearly 100 points 
ahead of his nearest rivals. 

Yet ihere are sound reasons 
for hoping and believing that 
England can win. The first 
international takes place at 
Cradley Heath on Saturday and 
the remaining matches wifi be at 
Belle Vue, Wolverhampton, 
Bradford and Oxford. Herein 
lies the slightly Machiavellian 
thinking by England which 
could swing the series towards 
the home nders. regardless of 
individual and team skills. 

The Danes are much more at 
home on small tracks than on 
big ones. Bradford and Belle 
Vue are not to their liking and 
only Oxford will find the Danish 
riders totally at home. A further 
complication for the Danes is 
that they dislike riding bikes 
with the ‘new Czech-originaied 
tyres which have been in- 
troduced into English speedway 
this season. 

England are looking for an 
outstanding lead from W'igg. 
their captain, and a confident 
performance from the Belle Vue 
rider, Chris Morton. 

There is new sponsorship for 
England. Sunbnte. who spon- 
sored ihe world individual 
championship last year, have 
put their money behind the 
international squad and En- 
gland will scorch from the 
starting gate as the Sunbnte 

Rosedale blossoms 

Crossiay. 251): 4. Wmmx (Ken Tinkler 
4-1) ALSO RAN: 7-1 ArTBSUim Sin. 
loturtiQn. 51 Northern Ruer 5m. 51 
B»fK»rj Choice. 151 Toucn ft Luck. 25 

1 WiwMrmg Waller. A/rago Eswnaoo. 

Hawn Onry. Campus Boy. My Charsfia 
For To Go. Stupwngm. BaJuch. Weteti 
Guard. 18 ran. Nr island Ex He. Fames. 
HI, 1541. U 114L 31 w Homan 8t 
Newmarket. T0»: E7.85 El .30, £380. 
E4.70. £1.10. DF; £39.50. CSF 1 £27.42 
Tncwfc £387.21. 

Ptacepoc 687056 to ■ BDp sake. 

Down pops up to pip leaders K 

Peier Greonali and Mike 
Felion. ihe i»o principals in the 
men's riding championship, 
were in opposiuon in ihe open 
race at the .Axe Vale point-to- 
point on Monday. However, 
Chris Down, a local rider on 
Culm Valley, beat them both. 

After Bally tartar won Lhe 
ladies' open, the fourth race on 
ihe card, the meeting was aban- 
doned as thick mist made 
visibility impossible. 

RESULTS HUM: SwsgMnng. Adfe No 
Sweat- Open Culm valley. Ladies; 
Ba* /tartar 

TODAY'S F1XTME- South Devtfn. 

Hate on racecourse (50j. 

Rosedale. a Derby entry run- 
ning in a field of maidens for the 
Blathwayt Slakes at Bath yes- 
terday. was a hot favourite, and 
looked a class better than his 
rivals, taking command entering 
the final two furlongs and going 
on to scone convincingly by two 
lengths from Acu'nium. 

No one seems io be holding 
any ambitious hopes for 
Rosedale. however, and John 
Dunlop's assistant. Anthony 
Couch, said: "I think he'll now 
go for a maidens ai dosing." 
Rosedale was the second winner 
of lhe season for Dunlop, whose 
string numbers about 200. 
Rosedale was partnered by 

Brent Thomson, scoring his 
fourth success of ihe season. 

Billesdon trainer Derek Les- 
lie. who trains at Billesdon in 
Leicestershire, gained his first 
victory of the season when Four 

Laffs won the Cinderhii! 
Maiden Fillies Stakes at Not- 
tingham . 

Four Laffs. belonging Lo three 
Leicestershire men, was 100-30 
favourite and disputed the lead 
virtually all the wav with Dou- 
ble Talk, with the Lester Pigeon 
trained Flapper Girl keeping the 
pair company for a long time. 
Inside ihe final furlong. Four 

feuPy 1 ™ u J ,pcr hand »° beat 
Double Talk by one and a hall 

Ives to ride Embla 

Tony I VOS has been booked to 
ride Embla for Luca Cumani in 
tomorrow's General Acrideni 
1.000 Guineas ai Newmarket. 
He has also been confirmed as 
toe partner of ^ Vincent O’Brien's 
Tate Gallery in Saturday's 2.000 



j ; football 

”- r 

alance and 
trength to the 
class of ’82 

: -./f': By Clive White 

- . Billy Binghami the North- 

ern,. Jipland manager, an- 
-noUnoed his World Cup squad 
for ‘Mexico yesterday and 
■declared n was stronger all 
round than the one that 

'.excelled itself in Spain four 
years ago. ff that is true then 
the world could be in for 
another rude awakening from 
the most mischievous repre- 
sentatives of ail the world's 
“little people”. 

•‘The squad is stronger all 
round with a nice- balance 
•."^between experience . and 
youth.” Bingham said. “Nine 
of them are under the age of 23 
= - . and have all come through our 
lyouih training sessions or 
ivhai I cal) our squcczing-ihe- 
lemon s>stem." 

A few. though, could have 
come through more rapidly 

• than CampbelL the 20-year- 
old midfield player-cum-for- 
ward from Nottingham 
Forest. Seldom could anyone 
have earned a World Cup 
ticket with -so little interna- 
tional experience, 35 minutes. 

• precise, against Morocco 
in BeJlast last week. But his 
recent goaJ-scorirtg exploits 
5 nice, replacing. the .departed 
Davenport in the Forest team 

: have quickly spread the word 
that here is a successor to 
Martin O'Neill, also once of 

O'Neill, the Irish captain 
until a knee injury a year ago 
robbed him of his place, has 
been foreed to relinquish his 
dreams of playing in the final 
stages of another World Cup 
at the age of 34. The fact that 

• he probably would have made (ChesterfteV 
■ rite squad had the knee been* ~ u 

flucnce : of events. When I 
retired, a young fellow called 
Best came along. 

Another whose ambitions 
this year have already been 
partly dashed because of knee 
problems is Hamilton, who 
had to sit out Oxford United's 
moment of glory at Wembley 
last week. Though selected by 
Bingham he must still prove 
his fitness between now and 
the deadline of May 23. 

The Irish have been fortu- 
nate to discover Quinn and 
Clarke, both good headers like 
Hamilton, within the last 12 
months, but they will miss 
Hamilton's aggression. Wor- 
thington and Jimmy Nicholl. 
others troubled by injury, are 
both reported to be on the 

The least known of 
Bingham's squad is Philip 
Hughes, of Bury, who was 
nominated as third goalkeep- 
er. Bingham said of 21-year- 
old Hughes: “He's the young 
pretender.” Unlike England 
and Scotland there will be few 
players disappointed at -being 
overlooked. It was as much as 
Bingham .could do la find 22 
live hopes. No doubL though. 
Thcy will grve the world’s efite 
a Tew shocks. 

Jennings (Everton), J Platt 
(Coleraine). P Hughes (Bury); J 
Ntchoff (West Bromwich Albion). M 
Donaghy (Luton). N Worthington 
(Sheffield Wednesday), J 
McClelland (Watford), J O’Neill 
(Leicester city), A McDonald 
(Quean's Park Rangers), P Ramsey 
Leicester City), D McCreery (New- 

castle United), S Mcltroy (Manches- 
ter City). G Armstrong 
aid). N Whiteside (Man- 
chester United), D Campbell (Not- 

- operand up™ immediately “. SS 

must have made il particular- (Oxford Unfed). C Cfaike (Boume- 
ly distressing Tor this influen- mouth), J Q 
llal and articulate footballer. 

He may yet go to Mexico as a 
radio commentator. Bingham 
said: “He's been an absolutely 
superb leader for me in the last 
six years. But players come 
and go: it’s the normal se- 

tnouth), J Quinn (Blackburn 
Rovers). S Penney (Brighton and 
Hove Albion), I Stewart (Newcastle 
United). M Caughey (Linfteld). On 
stand-by: G Dunlop {Lmfield): T 
Cochrane (Gillingham), N 
Brotherston (Blackburn Rovers). G 
McEJfwiney (Plymouth Argyle), L 
Doherty (Lin fie Id), . G Multan 


Real look forward 
to UEFA final 

' Madrid (Reuter) - Real Ma- 
drid go in search of their eighth 
European trophy tonight when 
they are at home to Cologne in 
the first leg of the UEFA Cup- 
final. It will be Real's thirteenth 
appearance in a European final 
and confidence has seldom been 

higher aUbc Spanish club. 

Although Pori an. Maccda and 
Sanehk absent through 
^--injury and suspension, the man- 
. ... .aget Luis Molowny. Will be able' 
1 to field a team which might 
t- stand comparison, with the great 
- Real Hne-ups of the past. . 

The Argentine forward, 
Valdano. who missed the thrill- 
ing semi-fmal win against Inlcr 
Milan because of suspension, 
returns lo the team and the West 
German international goal- 
keeper. Schumacher, will face a 
formidable attack. Valdano will 
link up with Sanchez, top scorer 
in the Spanish first division, and 
Butragucno. w ho is in irrepress- 
ible form. 

.. . Georg Kessler, the. Cologne 

. manager, said that Real were 
favourites on three counts 
“They are League champions, 
they haven't played for 10 days 
- and wirhavenYrecovered from 
the nerves of • possible 
relegation.” Molowny. however, 
was not fooled by such pessi- 
mism and he pointed, out that 
despite finishing a lowly thir- 
teenth in the West German 
Bun'dcsliga. Cologne had shown 
"Their true potential in the semi- 
finals when they ' - crushed 
Warcgem 7-3 on aggregate. 

The World Cup referee. 
George Courtney.* of England, 
will be in charge of tonight's 
game. He replaces Keith 
Hackelu who hashad to with- 
draw because of work commit- 

REAL MADRID (probable): Agustax 
Sound. Gal lego. Saiquero. Camacno. 
MeneL Juanoo. GonMio, Bunagueno. 
Sancnez. Valdano 

COLOGNE: (probablei: Schumacher 
Presnn. Sterner. Gieicnen. Geifs. 
Haessiw. Bern. Hoenenucn. Janssen. 
Lmbarsu. Allots. 

Waregem face Two new faces 
further in Bearzot’s 
investigation Mexico squad 

Zurich (Renter) — Waregem, 
the Belgian club, face farther 
investigation over their staging 
of the UEFA Cap semi-final 
against Cologne. 

The UEFA appeal board have 
recommended re-examination of 

- - -organization of the match during 

which serious crowd distur- 
bances occurred. Originally, a 
fine was Imposed on Waregem, 
and Cologne were 'b anned from 
. playing the home leg of the final 
'* on their own ground. 

“ “TBe'appeaJTioaiYl chairman, 
Sergio Zorzi of Switzerland; said . 
that documents relating to the 

— semi-final second leg match ‘on 
April 16, would be passed to the 
executive committee with a 
recommendation to take a fresh 
look at the staging of the game, 
particularly the sale of afcohoL 

Waregem have so far been 
. fined 7,00(1 Swiss francs (about 
£2.450) because Belgian spec- 
tators threw missiles at the 

- visiting players. Cologne, who 
non rhe-. -semi-final 7-3- on ag- 

. e regale, were hatred from play- 
" ingjhe return leg of the final 
; against Real Madrid OB May 6 
'JL ’ ■ : uT their MsafienKloifer s tad iu m 
. because -of violent disturbances 
: _L byibeir supporters. 




Mi»w3l 4; Reateng 1 . Luton <; Swansea 2. 
FcdBin 1: Swindon 1. ipswiefl A 

Monday's results 

■ FIRST DflnSKM: West Ham United 1. 

. . Mancnastsr Dry 0. 



■ GOLA. LEAGUE: KKM o nnm s tBf I. ftfcfctey 
. 1; Nuneaton 0. Aitnncram ft Wycombe T. - 
‘ “ Decenham I 


VI store Cfowlan' t. SoTtOn United -ft 

— r Jc twgh 2; tte^acnanSrWaJhiamstMi 5, 

' SffnPART LEAGUE: MaflOCk S. SwW- 

. . pan l Massey S.- Macdwtew t; wmon 
l. Soum L«wpoh.- 
SOUTHERN. LEAGUE Premier iWslon: 
Ayiesbury 1. Waang 3: Duaey 1. 

•— • BedwortfrO. 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: »st d i v isi o n: 
Leicester 0. »erteid Umed 1: West 
Bronwicb 1, Moncnester United 5. Sec- 
ond dhmere Pen Vao 2. York 1; Preston 
0. Bourn I. . 

MAwafi 1; Morwvn 3. ChartBn 0 
KUSH LEAGUE: Coierame 3. Gtenmon 7L 

Milan (Reuter) — The man- 
ager of Italy. Enzo Bearzou 
yesterday included eight players 
who helped Italy win the 1982 
World Cup in his 22-man squad 
to defend the title in Mexico this 
year. Bearcat also introduced 
iwo newcomers, a goalkeeper. 
Walter Zenga. and a midfield 
player. De Napoli, from Italy's 
-L’nder-21 side. 

Cabrini. Scirca. Tardelli and 
Rossi were called up for. their 
third World Cupcampuign after 
playing in Argentina in 1978 
and in 'Spam four' years ago. 
They are joined by Betgomi, 
Coilovati. Conti and Altobelli. 
all of whom played in the side 
that beat West Germany 3-1 in 
the 1 982 final in Madrid. 

Only three of the 22 players 
come from the league cham- 
pions. Juvenlus; Imemazionalc 
supply six. Roma four and 
Vcrotia three. The Roma for- 
ward. Pruzzo, the leading scorer 
In' the first division with 19 
goals, was not chosen. 

SOUAI> f TancmklBoriST-'G GSjT 
jFiofemnat, w Zenga (tewmwtonaieK G 
. Beroomt (fmamaaoraW. F •CoOowB 
firawnaztonate). A CaMM (JuvanusL G 
-Seua^Juvantus). S Nail (RomaL R 
TrtceJIa (Verona). P Vierehrarod 
(Sampoona). C Ancefotf(Roma). S 
(Nape*). G Bares! (imemazionatel «- 
TwtteW (tnteroazwnale). A Di Bennaro 
Veronal. F Da Napoh(Avalino). Fotwart* 
A ARoben (tntwnazxxule). 8 Conti 
(Roma). G Gatdaiite (Verona). P Roaai iaC 
Milan), A Swwna (Juvonus), G Vhffl 

• MADRID (Reuter) - The 
manager of Spain, Miguel Mu- 
noz. has named his squad of 22 
for the World Cup finals, with 
the replacement of the full back. 
Sanchis. by bis Real Madrid 
colic agucc. Porlan. as the only 
surpnse. Sanchis will miss the 
Mexico finals after being injured 
in_ RcaT* recent UEFA Cup 
semi-final against 


SOIAD: A Zsbhancte (AtMebc.BAwo). X 
UmtehoMXM (Bvewnat J Abteuda 

GsAocticM (ABiietie Bitiw). J Attiww 


(Attneoc Bflbao), E 

Marwft. F Cmseo (BarouBnaL 6 ovn* 

(Sportng G^on). 


At 33, Moorcroft knows his chances of being No 1 again are limited. 

Moorcroft sees humorous 
side to his gold quest 

runners, w ho form the backbone 
of the sport aad who can be 
relied upon to bring a healthy 
cynicism to any aspect of it that 
is less than genuine. 

Moorcroft ‘‘failed'* to take 
three minutes off the course 
record, which he holds with 
24min 27 sec. But he pronounced 
himself well pleased with his 
25min 16sec which took his 
Coventry club np from 23rd to 
eighth on the fifth lap. 

Two years of injuries, and a 
last place in the Olympic 5.000 
metres final for the then world 
record holder, have not dimin- 
ished Dave Moorcroft's sense of 
bum oar. 

Trying to contact him last 
Friday about his “comeback 
race” in the national road relay 
the following day. be left a 
message on my-- telephone 
answering machine: “If it's 
about the race. I'm hoping to ran 
well, I expect to break the coarse 
record by about three minutes, _ 
then go on to set three or fonr | , aS T flttCUlpt 
world records this season and r 

win a couple of gold medals. 1 1 ■ ■ 

Sorry to be so non-commhtaL-** 

The irony, for those who have 
not heard Moorcroft's careful 
assessments of hb peers while 
“filling in'* for radio or television 
-during fus enforced lay-off. was 
not the sehd-up of hyperbolical 
journalistic .expectations, but 
that be is one of the most modest 
men in athletics. . . 

Stove Harris, Britain's cur- 
rent “kfog of. the roads”, who 
had- to withdraw from 
Saturday's relay with a slight 
injury, welcomed Moorcroft's 
return with: “It's good to see him 
back. He's such an unassuming 
bloke. He's one of the greatest 
ambassadors athletics could 

And that appreciation was 
underlined by the spontaneous 
burst of applause which greeted 
Moorcroft -as be went to the 
starting line on Saturday. For it 
came from the assembled dub 

The pelvic injury which 
caused most of his problems in 
the last two years, indnding the 
Olympic final, was operated on 
last summer, and has completely 
healed. But Moorcroft admits 
that at 33 years of age this is 
probably his last attempt “to get 
back into competition with the 
very best- I'm prepared to give a 
year of hard work, and if 1 don't 
make it, then m just drift 
merrily along running in dub 

The “three or four world 
records” much outside 
his compass now as that course 
record , in Birm ing h am 's Sutton 
Park, especially so since Said 
Aouita, the Moroccan who 
shaved a hundredth of a second 
off b is 5,000 metres world record 
last year, is likely to make more 
substantial inroads this season. 
But the “couple of gold medals”, 
a reference to this summer's 

Commonwealth Games and 
European Championships, are 
more reasonable objectives. 

“Having won two Common- 
wealth golds and two European 
bronzes (1,500 metres in 1978. 
5,000 metres in 1982), ( fed I've 
got more to prove in the Europe- 
ans. I've got to be realistic. 
Saturday's time doesn't even 
equate to qualifying, which I'd 
be more than happy to do for 
either champions hip, because 
that's what's still the -most 

The selections for the 
Commonwealth Games in late 
July, a month before the Euro- 
pean Championships, will be 
made following the, AAA 
Championships on Joe 20 to 
21, where Moorcroft hopes to 
run the 5,000 metres. In the 
meantime, it is terfc to the 
training track, .“for the next 
month, with perhapsa fifde mile 
race somewhere abroad before 
the AAA".' : 

- He still nurtures a sense that 
he Id everyone dowwby going tn 
the Olympics less than 100 per, 
cent fit- “The selectors held 
faith, and we didn't mislead 
anybody. It was worth a gamble. 
Bat I'm not going to com prom ise 
again. If I'm not fit, I won't ran. 
Personal * achievement conies 
first. I want to get under 13min 
30sec for 5,000 metres, aad then 
try to get under 13:20 again. 
That would restore some per- 
sonal pride." 

Pat Butcher 


Scottish call depletes Kelso 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Kelso will be severely depleted 
when they appear in the finals of 
the Middlesex Sevens on Sat- 
urday. They have five players 
with Scotland's touring team 
who play Spain in Barcelona 
tomorrow before going on to 
four games against French re- 
gional teams over the next 


Cramb. the Harlequins stand- 
otThalf. plays against Spain in a 
party somewhat affected by 
withdrawals, the latest of them 
last weekend when Eric Paxton 
replaced Finlay Caldcr. How- 
ever. both back row players 
hope to be fit in lime lo join the 
Scottish team which will take 
part in the Sportaid Inter- 
national Sevens in Cardiff on 
May 16 to 1 7. 

Four countries -have- an- 
nounced teams for that event 

New Zealand include four mem- 
bers of the team that won the 
New South Wales Sevens and 
will graft on the exciting skills of 
Kirwan. the Auckland wing; 
Australia include Campese and 
Glen Ella while England, cap- 
tained by Cusworth. have two of 
the biggest wings in the<Buniry. 
Trick (Bath) and Evans (Leices- 
ter). in (heir squad. The other 
four competing teams come 
from Wales. Ireland. France and 
a Rest of the World side. 

Brian Ashton, England's 
assistant coach, will not be able 
to accompany the England B 
team to Italy next week. He is 
unable to get lime away from his 
school duties at Stonyhurst 
College but the party will re- 
main well served by Des 
Sea brook, their coach, and by 
-Martin Green, the national coa- 
ch. who hopes to be available. 

iyppog» (GaH)cH 


Duncan (West oJ 
(Wanontans), K ' 

(Seaurfcg R Crm 
•ion (Waisomana 
(Stswan's-MflMto F! 

(Kelso) (captm). G 
Jeffrey (K eteo). A Ca . 

Rum (SeBarkf. D Tambufl t 
BaaMUBfcagow Acad— leHk 

L Cumrarft (Leeeswr). R Moon (NoRmg- 
hamj, S HaHday (Betti). B Evana (Leices- 
ter). D Trtcfc (Baft). P SVnpsoa (Baft), D 
Cooka (HariequnsL J Otvar (Hanequtns). 
D Rtcftarda (Uaouster). Manager R 
Utttey Scotfanft I Tukato (Se#orV). K 
Ro b e rts on (Mevose), A Kar (Ketsa). R 
BaM (Ketern, F Catder (Stwarts-MeWte 
FP), G Calender (Kelso). J Jeffrey 
(Kelso). E Paxton (Kef so), 0 WyOe 
(HerWa FP). M ana g er. D Morgan. 
A mt r ala. B Burtte. D Campeaa. Gten Ba. 
J Grant S Tuynman. P Lucas. J MUer, C 
Morton. R Reynolds. Ma na ger A 
Jonss-Naw Zaaiand: N Budded. C PMtps. 
J Schuster. F Booca. J Wnaan, T Wrignt D 
Ktffc. Z arcoke. M Brooke-Cowden. 
Manager B Rope. 

More rugby, page 32 


Andries will go all out in 
his quest for the world 

The classic boxing confronta- 
tion should unfold when the 
fighter-boxer, Dennis Andries, 
of Britain, meets the boxer- 
fighter. J.B. Wiliamson. of the 
United States, the World Boxing 
Council light-heavyweight 
champion, at Pickens Lock,' 
Edmonton. North London to- 
night: the 5ft Min Andries 
trying to land bombs as the 6ft 
2in former Marine tries to pick 
him off with sharp bums of jabs 
and hooks, especially to the 

Neither side will have fo go 
looking for the other, though the 
American's more sophisticated 
defence system and footwork 
could pose a few problems for 
the shorter man. Unless 

Williamson uncharacteristically 
unleashes a heavy blow on 
Andries's chin early, the cham- 
pion will have the hardest fight 
of his career on bis hands. 

Andries, though not over- 
burdened with elegant skills, is 
one of the toughest, roughest 
and most determined fighters in 
Britain. He craves recognition 
and will go all out to get il He 
has a good knock-out record: 16 
in 26 victories. Williamson has 
won inside the distance only 
eight limes in 22 wins. 

While technique can usually 
master brute force. Andries's 
task is not impossible. William- 
son clearly has class but he has 
not yet shown that he is a 
champion of the calibre of 

By Srikumar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 

points for a scries of low blows. 
There have also been reports 
diat Williamson was floored in a 

Leonard, or Hearns, or Michael 
Spinks, or Donald Cuny. His 
opponents have not been all that 


S Africans 
by Devoy 

By Paul Martin 

Susan Devoy, the New Zea- 
lander who last week won her 
third successive British Open 
title, has turned down offers to 
play in South Africa. As world 
champion, she feels she would 
run into the sort of political row 
which now surrounds those of 
her countrymen who are in- 
volved in the latest 'rebel* rugby 

Owen Eraslie, the South Af- 
rican squash promoter, had 
been wooing Miss Devoy 
assiduously during the Open, 
but according to her coach, 
Bryce Taylor, she had re- 
sponded with a “flat no”, de- 
spite an attractive though "not 
astronomical" financial 
inducement. ' 

Devoy. appointed an honor- 
ary New Zealand sports ambas- 
sador and awarded an MBE, 
feels she would lose esteem, and 
sponsorship, in New Zealand, 
and might even -provoke 
demonstrations at next year’s 
world championships in Auck- 
land if she was to accept the 

The South Africans did not, 
however, leave Britain totally 
empty handed. When Emslie 
flew home Jast .week he bad 
secured South Africa's position 
in world squash through a 
carefully prepared campaign. 
Using 14 proxy votes from 
absent South African players, be 
ensured that the Men's Squash 
Players’ Association (MSPA) 
reinstated South African tour- 
naments in the grand prix ladder 
■ A substantial majority had 
voted late last year, during the 
world championships in Egypt 
(where South Africans were 
denied entry), for tiie tour- 
nament to lose their points 

So important did the South 
Africans consider the move that 
Eddie Barlow, the former 
Derbyshire and South African 
cricketer who now runs South 
Africa's Sports Office in Lon- 
don, interrupted a working visit 
to South Africa, and flew back to 
England to assist Emslie. 

The president of the MSPA,' 
Stuart Davenport of New Zea- 
land, the world No 3, said 
Emslie' s proxy votes bad “prob- 
ably swung it”. 

■Hie South Africans have 
made it clear they are deter- 
mined to fight sporting isolation 
on all fronts, and their attempt 
to persuade Miss Devoy to visit 
their country may not have 
foiled completely. As she 
reaches the twilight of her career 
(she is considering retiring 
young), the offers will become 
increasingly tempting, accord- 
ing to her coach. “Money talks 
eventually,” he said. 

good and in his amateur career 
he appears to have feilen just 
short of the standard expected of 

Williamson won the Amateur 
Athletic Union (AAU) title in 
1976 at middleweight but foiled 
to get a place in the brilliant 
American Olympic team at 
Montreal He won the title again 
in 1978 but still did not make 
the team foe the 1 980 Olympics. 
He was beaten in the quarter- 
finals of tbe 1979 Golden 
Gloves by Tony Ayala and then 
failed in the AAU champion- 
ships. being beaten by Alex 

Williamson then entered the 
Pan American Games but came 
up against the tough Cuban, 
Jos& Gomez, in the first series 
and was well outpointed. He 
joined the professional ranks 
but there, too, was unable to 
challenge for the title until 
Michael Spinks, the undisputed 
world champion, bad moved 
up. He beat Prince Mama 
Mohammed, of Ghana, more a 
stylist than a fighter, to win the 
vacant World Boxing Council 

Williamson makes much of 
his victory over Pete McIntyre, 
a British fighter. But from all 
accounts McIntyre was ahead 
but fell behind in the last three 
rounds on account of losing 

sparring session with Milton 
McCroiy. the former world 
welterweight champion. 

All ihis. of course, greatlv 
encourages Andries to get 
in. His manager. Greg Stecnc, 
says that Andries has learned 
from his draw with the 6n 5in 
Alex Blanchard, of The Nether- 
lands. the European champion, 
that it is best not to leave things 
to the judges. 

"He won't be fiddling about 
this time”. Sieene said yes- 
terday. "He will get to him early 
and I think he will stop him 
halfway through”. Sieene 
added: "They are all tipping 
Williamson now because be is 
the champion”. But be revealed 
that last year, before Williamson 
was champion, he had planned 
to bring him over as an oppo- 
nent for Andries. “Who would 
have tipped Williamson then. 

Sieene claimed that Andries 
had prepared belter for tins 
contest than any other and had 
sparred with light-heavyweights 
and middle-weights for speed. 
Andries also had the advice of 
John Cornell, the former world 
light-heavyweight champion, 
and was looking forward to 
bringing the title back to Britain 
after nine years. Contch. who 
had been granted his seconds 
licence on Sunday, will be in 
Andries's corner to bolster him 


Alan Gibson looks back 

The secret behind 
a glorious past 




UNITBl STATES: NattaoM Leepaa: St L0U9 
Cardmats 5. San Francroco Sana 4 |12 not 

Cncaoo Cubs 4. San Dieoo Padres 3; Us 

Angelas Dodgers Z PKtsourgn Rrates 1. 






East DMafon 

New Yort;Mets 



.7 59 







St Lous Catenate 





Montreal Expos 





Pittsburgh Pirates 





GhicagoCubs • 





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Houston Astros 




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New Yote Yankees 










Boston Red So* 










Detroit Tigers 





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West Division 
Caitoma Angets 





oeuand AttntKs 





Texas Rangers 





Kansas Cay Royals 





Mnnesos Twins 





Seattle Warmers 





Chicago wide So» 





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E amon«n Own: 5. CNgan> Ramas 2 fbea- 
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B R ChiKcn (Cambnogei 6-3. 6-3 Rost Dean 
bt Bovan-Thomas 6-4. 5-3 . 


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eh a e u Bo a giqu (US unless saw® Mao's 
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First division 

Leicester v Liverpool (7.45) 
Oxford Utd v Everton 

West Ham v Ipswich 

Second division 

Bradford v Milwafl 

Third (fivi^on 

Derby v Buy 

Lincoln v Bristol R _ 

Scottish premier division 

Motherwefl v Celtic 


■K t a ta tK Wamamstoar v Harrow. FM 

te wa tea: Bromtey v St Atoans: Hampton v 

Harlow (7.45). Second cfivtakai sooth: 

Racnw Hwft v- Fattnam (7.45); 
HDrsham v Dorttng; RuSKp Maw v 
Paterefield Utd (7.45); Souftal v 

MULTIPART LEAGUE: Burton Alteon v 

Horwteh; Caernarfon v Sotrftport; 

Wcvuop v Hyde. 


Atvechurcti v Worcester Kteg's Lynn v 

Oxtoy: Stopatied Chansrtiouae v 
Wteilng, RfidtaRd d W teotB Mite Oak 

Rows v Bason; Rushdan v Forest Green 

Rovers; Sutton CoWAeW v Coventry 

Sporting; VS Rugby » Lefceuar Uniwfc 

WeangSroutet v Merftyr Tyora. Saute- 
era dtutaiO B. Diststabb v Chamanr. Rus- 
Hp v Dover Arana Tanbrope v 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: FM tfvteten : 
HudderaAM v Evenon; Hui v Btedteum 

Second dMMara Boton v Brastord 

Scuimorpe v Roftamarc Stoke, v 

later (7 0L York v BUCkpoal (7.(9. 


B a maia rai i i (at OPR, 2-Ofc Portsmouth v 

Cfteteea (7.0l. 

CAPITAL LEAGUE: Soulhand v GAng- 

E8SEXSEM0R LEAGUE Chetmaford v 


Sortam Town Hangars v HavartiB Rovers. 

LEAGUE: Premtar dtvMm Hofteach v 
Raunds; Long Budcby v Batdock. 


PraadardMateB: Moreton v Atengun Uttt 

Sharpness v Shortwood lltd (fr45): 

Si a tenrwrtne v Faaford (S.45L 
tevteten: Penrrttr * Curzon Aanton. 
MVwalv Fulham (64. 

Britannic Assurance 

County CbanpioRstHp 

(11.0. 110 overs mMmum) 
CHESTERFIELD: Oefoyte*e v Somerset 
SOUTHAMPTON: Hampshire v 

"Life and Reminiscences of 
Robert Abel in the Cricket Field" 
told by himseIC and edited by 
H.V. Dorey. Paper covers 6d. 
Cloth boards l/6dL Cricket and 
sports Publishers. London, 

This book, apart from its 
intrinsic merits, which are not 
negligible, is interesting because 
it is an early example of open 
and therefore forgivable) 
"ghosting” by a professional 
journalist: and also of sponsor- 
ship. The sp onsor s were the 
makers of NU VTHE of Norwich. 
The cover of the book is 
emblazoned with slogans: 

GLISH CUP - see page 72”. 

Pleasing touches 

So you turn to page 72. where 
you learn, purportedly from. 
Abel himself in the text, that 
Newcastle United, victors over 
Barnsley, “had trained exclu- 
sively on Nuvite for the English 
Cup ties". 

Since Nuvite was “THE 
the word “exclusively" may be 
pitching it a bit high (were there 
no steaks and beet?) but the gist 
of the message is confirmed by a 
facsimile ofa telegram from ibe 
Newcastle manager, “Thanks to 
Nuvite we have won the cup" 
(It took a little time to work: 
only in a replay did Barnsley, a 
second division side. lose. 24)). 

Nuvite. with its proclaimed 
conquest over nerves, came too 
late for Bobby Abel's own 
cricketing career, which was a 
pity, because he was thought to 
have a weakness against the 
fastest bowlers. John Shuter. his 
Surrey captain, says as much in 
his introduction lo the book. 

Abel played in 13 Tests, II 
against Australia, between 1888 
and 1 902. He scored 744 runs at 
an average of 37, very high for 
the' time. He toured Australia 
twice, the first a muddle when 
two sides were visiting it at the 
same time, the second under 
Grace in 1891-2. 

At Sydney in 1892 he carried 
his bat through the innings, 
something no other English 
batsman was to do until Hutton, 
in I9SI. In all first-class cricket, 
from 1881 to 1904. he scored 
more than 33.000 runs, average 
35. with 74 centuries (another 

happily described. And W.G. 
Grace, with whom he opened a 
Test innings on several occa- 
sions. used to refer to him as 
“Father". This was because one 
of Abel's boys came to the Oval 
one day. and asked “Is father 
here?" W.G. never tired of a 
simple joke, especially if it were 
his own, and Abel was “Father", 
with an accompaniment of high- 
pitched laughter, thenceforth. 

By the Surrey public he was 
nicknamed “The Guv'nor”. 
which arose less' from any 
natural gubernatorial authority 
than in the cocky, indeed Cock- 
ney perkiness with which he 
went about his business. He was 
a special hero at the Oval, their 
very own in a way which his . 
successors, the great Hayward P 
and the greater Hobbs — both 
Cambridgeshire men — never 
quite were. After his retirement 
be ran a bat sbop at the Oval, 
and was coach at Dulwich 
College. H.S. AJtham gave us 
this affectionate picture of him: 

“Who that has ever seen it can 
forget that curious little figure, 
surmounted almost invariably 
by a somewhat faded and 
shrunken chocolate cap, the 
slow, half-waddling gait that 
marked its progress to the 
wicket the upright yet appar- 
ently rather limb-tied stance, 
and then the wonderful mastery 
over even type of bowling, 
except perhaps the very fast and 
very slow, and the inexhaustible 
patience that made the century 
only a mark to reach and leave 
behind?" . , 

Against that we may set Abel's J* 
own account a glimpse of an 
elsewhere- unchronicled mo- 
ment in cricketing history: “One 
afternoon last July, when Mr 
Crawford's refusal to lead the 
Surrey XI into the field against 
the Australians was the sole 
topic of conversation on and 
about the Oval, a friend walked 
into my shop to say ‘How d'ye 
do?* My eyes were troubling me, 
and were seriously affecting my 
work as coach at Dulwich 

Medical discovery 

“This I naturally told him. 
With my friend was Mr. F.E. 
Palmer, a chemist and physiolo- 
gist of Norwich. 

This gentleman at once ^ 
convincingly said. 'I will put 
your eyes right’ handing me a 
boule of his recent medical 
discovery, Nuvite, and request- 
ing me to try iL 

“Nalurally sceptical. L how- 
, . . i ver * decided to give it a trial, 

large number for the time) He* Feeling that 1 had really derived 

immense benefit from it I 

also took 263 wickets with little 
off-breaks, and caught 58S 
catches, mostly at slip. He was 
not one of your tail slips — only 
5ft 4in — but like Hendren, kept 
bobbing up unexpectedly and 
missed very little within reach. 
In six consecutive seasons he 
scored more than 2,000 runs, in 
1901 more than 3,000. His 3S7 
against Somerset in 1899 was 
then the second-highest score in 
first-class cricket Boyhood days 
on Southwark Common are 

continued the treatment and 
today I feel that 1 have, to a great 
extent benefilted in my general 
health and regained that steadi- 
ness of nerve absolutely nec- 
essary in the cricket field." 

. WelL there you are: the truth 
behind the scorecards. But what 
has happened to Nuvite? Docs it 
St.ll produce its elixir in Nor- 
Wich? IT so. a supply Should 

should have been despatched 10 
the West Indies. 

‘KantvNort ha n n w o n a titrB. 
OLD TRAFFORD: Lancashire * 

‘THI OVAL: Surrey v NotengharnsWre. 
Oteer tranches 

(11.30 to 6.30) 

Fewer* Cambridge University v 

THE PARKS: Oxford University v 


stone: Kent v Lancasnre; 
Hitxzuuu te Leicester aura v MMOesax: 
HoerUnglay: Yorttgare v Glamorgan. 

Teutton: Somerset v Warvteckshre. 


E Newport v Newbridge f 

v Gfsmorgan .Wittes [7i$; SouBi 
Police v lEttsteg. 

secoan DMSKJIfc Barrow v Sheffield 

Eagles: s«0ey_ v Runcorn HlgMtekfc 

HuStenfted vGrsmtor. Hunstei Tvitehe- 
fiett Latgh-v Koightey; Rbchdato v 

Mansftekt Mart a men ; Whrtehaven v 

Doncaster. . . 


GOLF: Lattes' ford etenlc (at Woburnfe 

MsnM dub chemptonsitp (at Long 



Enteas ey wand professional 
dtamixo na hip (at Sheffield), 

SPSBWAY: I Begun cup Oxford v 

Swtndoh. Knockoet Oft Etenburah v 

Glasgow. Nartnnd League: Whatettm v 

MBton Keynes: Long Eaton v anrangttam. 

TENNBslTA international spring aroit 
tournaments (at Sutton and WtfH 



Camden Town lute) ABSO- 

umt Ms n — (Bt rim at 
125 . 3 46 . 6 to. ftaa Trt 
Bookings dreaded- 


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Today’s television and radio programmes 


6-00 Ceefax AM. 

6^0 Breakfast Time with Frank 
Bough and Selina Scott 
Weather at (L 55. 7 x 
7 - 5 5 L 8-2 5 andBJ6; 
regional news, weather 
aiKl traffic at 6.57 , 7 w 
T^arjd 8-27; national and 
news at 7.00, 
T-30, 8.00, sjiQ and 8 , 00 ; 
sport at 7.20 and 8.20- me 

fashion tips; and Alison 
Mitchell's 'phone-in 

„ „ financial advice. 

920 Ceefax 10X15 Gharbar. 
Ghazala Amin talks to 

nurse Farida Azhar Khan, 

- social worker Meena 
Randhawa and a mother. 
Samma Mir. about 
preparing children for a 
stay in hospital. 10 JQ Play 

10-50 World Snooker. David 
k*e Introduces coverage 

of quarterfinal action 

1220 News After Noonwfih 
Richard Whitmore and 
Frances Coverdale, 
includes news headlines 
with subtitles 13 55 

Regional news and 

1.00 Pebble Mffl at One. 

Magnus Magnusson, 
Josephine Buchan and 
Paul Cola join the frolic 

* round the maypole and the 

Morris men who illustrate 
a number of English May 
Day customs. In addition. 
Michael Smith offers new 
ideas making the most of 
Britain's culinary heritage 
1.40 Bertha, (r) 

125 Racing from Ascot The 
Insulpak Stakes <2.00): the 
Insulpak Saaaro EBF 
Stakes (2.30); the Insulpak 
Victoria Cup (3.05); and 
the White Rose Stakes 
(3.40). 322 Regional 

325 Up Our Street (r) 4.00 
Dogtentan and the Three 
Muskehounds. Cartoon 
series 425 Take Two. The 
programmes under 
discussion this week are 
The Collectors and 
Hanoock's Hat! Hour. 

520 John Craven's 

Newsround 5.05 Jo&sy'S 

Giants. Part two of the 
five-episode serial about a 
former professional 
football player coaching a 
youth team of no-hopers. 

5.35 Bfrdwatch m Florida. A 
repeat of Tony Soper's 
second report, first shown 
last night 

620 News with Nicholas 
Witched and Andrew 
Harvey. Weather. 

6.35 London Plus. 

7.09 Wogan. Tonight's guests 
include Tom Hulce, 

Michael Douglas, and 
Jean Muir. Puis a sona 

6.15 Good Morning Britain, 
presented by Anne 
Diamond and Henry KeSy. 
E*erases at 6-25; news 
with Gordon Honeycombs 
at£30, 720. 

820 and 920; sport at 
6.40 and 7.45; cartoon at 
7-^iPOP video at 72S; a 
tnbute to 50 years of 
holiday camps with former 
2*25*. Fr edd» Davies, 
at &32; video report at 
8.40; a discussion on 
cystitis and thrush at 923; 
and the latest fashions for 
pets at 9 . 12 . 

925 Thames news headlines. 
920 For Schools; celebrations 
9.47 Portugal's history In 
relation to the country's 
explorers, crafts and 
agriculture 10.04 Science: 
simple switches used to 
pass messages 1021 
Cars - veteran, vintage 
and modem 1023 EngGsh: 
The protectors, a play by 
Cherry Potter 11.00 Middle 
English: Episode one of 
Izzy, by Jan Mark 1120 
Describing actions with 
adverbs, For the hearing 
impaired 11.40 Chemisfry 
experiment: molar mass 
by elevation of boding 

1125 Courageous Cat Cartoon 
1220 Portland BHL 
Adventures of a 
lighthouse keeper 12.10 
Our Backyard. Games and 
tricks with water (r) 

1220 Talking Persona Hy. Judith 
Chalmers in conversation 
with fashion designer, 
Zandra Rhodes. 

120 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 120 Thames news 
1.30 The Champions. 
Secret agents' 

220 Farmhouse Kitchen. 

Grace Mulligan and her 
guest. Jo Stables, each 
prepare a nutritionally 

Jean Muir. Plus a song 
from Glen Campbell. 

7.40 Lame Ducks. Comedy 
series about a man. lucked 
out of his home by his 
wife, who decides to 
become a hermit But on 
the way to his exile he 
picksup a bunch of 
disparate followers, (r) 

8-10 DaUas. J.R. and Sue Ellen 
are locked in a tug-oMove j 
tussle over litfie John 
Ross. (Ceefax) 

920 News with Julia Somervifle 
and John Humphrys. 

920 OED: Mark. His Sister 
and the Scientists. A 
documentary about Mark, 
confined to a wheelchair 
with an inherited disease. 
Duchenne's muscular 
dystrophy; his sister who 
may be a carrier with 
disastrous effects on any 
male children she may 
have; and the scientists 
who are racing to find a 
test to see is me sister is a 
carrier. (Ceefax). 

1020 Sportsnight introduced by 
Steve Rider. Snooker 
quarterfinal 2 Cbon in the 
Embassy World 
Championship; tee 
Greyhound TV Trophy 
Final from Newcastle; and 
Footbafl: Archie 
Macpherson assesses 
Scotland'schances in 
Mexico and recalls their 
earlier efforts to win tee 
supreme prize. 

12.10 Weather. 

based meal. 320 
University Challenge. 
University of Salford v 
University of Stiritoo. 325 
Thames news headlines 
320 Sons and Daughters. 
420 Portland BBL A repeat of 
the programme shown at 
noon 4.10 The Blunders. 
4.15 Baers Joke Mach tea 
420 Poparound. The first 
' of a new series of the pop 
quiz. With Gary Crowley, 
Level 42 and Bronski Beat 
425 Roadnmner.Cartoon. 
520 Bellamy's Bugle. David 
Bellamy presents another 
programme in his 
conservation series. 5.15 
Silver Spoons. American 
comedy series. 

525 News with Carol Barnes 
620 Thames news. 

6.25 Help! Vrv Taylor Gee with 
news of tee Waltham 
Forest Victim Support 

625 Crossroads. Adam and JB 
have an argument 

| 7.00 This Is Your Life. Eamonn 
Andrews surprises 
another victim with a 

potted biography. 

720 Coronation Street Ken is 
confronted by Peter 
Barlow. (Oracle) 

820 Mnden Another Bride, 
Another Groom. Arthur 
agrees to supply the cars 
for his niece s wedding. 

But a last minute 
complication means that 
the vehicles are packed 
with pornographic 
magazines, (r) (Oracle) 

9.00 Hello Campers! A 

celebration of 50 years of 
holiday camps, (see 

1020 News at Ten with Alastair 
Burnet and Pamela 

10.30 Midweek Sport Special. 
Highlights from tonight’s 
crudai First Division 
football games; and of 
tonight's world light 
heavyweight bout 
between me holder, 

J.B. Wffliamson, and tee 
British champion. Dennis 

1220 Mrs Amworth. Isthe 

sweet and charming Mrs 
Amworth really what she 
seems or Is she 
responsible for the many 
deaths in her small town? 

1225 Night Thoughts. 


i*. f ' * 1 9 . 00 pm) is a simple documentary 

■T . W a '? '"' jT ' abouta simple phenomenon. 

_*■ . 1 You wouldn't expect any 


You wouldn't expect any 
intellectual pretensions in a 
fHm about knobbly knees, 

P hypnotized chickens, and. sure 

conspicuously absent In this 
tribute to the first half-century 
ofBu tfn's jpw mid-way m a 

ef at offered sevendays 
accommodation in wooden 
huts, paddling in a pool 

Julie Christie in Fahrenheit 451 contests^nd. In a rare obeisance 

625 Open University: 
Psychology- Happy 
Landing. Bids at 720 

920 Ceefax. 

928 Daytime on Two: Science 
- seeds and plants 1020 
For four- and five-year 
olds 10.15 Using CSE 
maths at work m38 
Statistics- Distributions 
1 1.00 The story of Chicken 
Llcken 11.17 Part two of a 
five-episode adventure 
serial to French 1123 A 
problem for 10 - to 12 -year 
olds 1120 How 
widespread is tee problem 
of under-age drinking? 
12.05 Csenx. 

12.30 World Snooker. David 
Icke vnth further coverage 
of the Embassy World 

1.43 Daytime on Two. A 

German language version 
of the programme on 
teaming to ski in Austria, 
shown yesterday 220 
Interiors of houses 2.18 
Young children read a 
book and try to guess 
what the ending will be 
2 20 A reconstruction of a 
fifth century Athenian 
pottery. With David March 
as the potter. 

320 World Snooker. More 
quarterfinal action, 
introduced by David Idee. 

6.00 Ften: The Lavender HJR 
Mob* (1951) starring Alec 
Guinness and Stanley 
Holloway. The first film in a 
season of Ealing 
comedies. Mr Holland is a 
shy and retiring Bank of 
England worker, 
supervising bullion 
deliveries. He concocts a 
plan to relieve his 
employers of £1 mHVonof 
gold. Directed by Charles 
Crichton. (Ceefax) 

7.15 World Snooker. David 
Vtre introduces highlights 
of the afternoon’s frames. 

720 Going to Pot Susan 
Hampshire and Geoff 
Hamilton d em on s tr a te the 
best way of transforming 
seeds into a riot of colour. 
Mr Hamilton also visits 
Kbw Gardens to receive 
specialist advice on raising 
exotic plants. (Ceefax) 

8.10 MOD: Paying the Piper. In 
this fourth and final 
programme to tee series 
looking behind the scenes 
in the Ministry of Defence 
David Taylor examines the 
present state of the 
Ministry and asks if it is up 
to the job of defending the 
nation, (see Choice) 

9.00 World Snooker. David 
Vtoe introduces 
quarterfinal action 
including the all-London 
battie between Steve 
Daws and Jimmy White. 

1020 M*A*S*H. Hawkeye and 
Trapper learn that Colonel 
Buzz Brighton is 
determined to make an 
heroic name for himself no 
matter how many men are 
killed in the process. How 
can they persuade the 
super-m soldier not to 
return to the front? (r) 

1025 NewsmghL 11.10 

11.15 A Hot Summer MOM with 
Donna. Part two of a 
concert recorded at the 
Pacific Amphitheatre, 
southern California, 
featuring Donna Summer. 

1120 Open University: 

Mendelssohn's ’Drawn’ 
12.15 Neurochemistiy. 

Ends at 12.45. 

attitudes towards the First 
World War. (r) (Oracle) 

720 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and Alastair 
Stewart, indudes an 
investigation into how 
European airlines set 
ticket prices between 

720 Comment This week's 
political slot is fitted by 
Donald Stewart. Scottish 
National Party MP for the 
Western Isles. Weather. 

820 Gallery. George Mefly 
chaks another etftion of 
the art panel game. This 
week, MaggiHambUng 
and Frank Whitford are 
joined by Sir Michael Levy 
and Adnan Henri, and 
students, Catherine 
Goodman from tee Royal 
Academy School, and 
Kevin Carmody from 
Gloucestershire College of 
Arts and Technology. 

820 Daredevil Woman. A 
documentary about 
Jacquie da Creed, a top 
woman stunt driver- 

920 Prospects. Part one of the 
final two-part story of the 
series and Pincy and Billy 
are in Umehouse Pokce 
Station accused of 
stealing vodka. 

1020 FAin: Fa hrenheit 451 
(1966) starring Jude 
Chrism and oskar 
Wemer. This final film of 
tee Truffaut Season is 
based on Ray Bradbury’s 
first novel, satin the 
future, when all books 
have been banned, and It 
is the job of the firemen to j 
hunt down any remaining 
works and bum them. 

1220 ThairLovrfaMps’Hoiiaa. 
Highlights of tee day's 
proceedings at tee House 
of Lords. Ends at 1225. 


lor the price ot a week's pay. 
(BBC2, 8.10pm)winds up David 
Taylor ' 6 hard-hitting 
documentary senes about a 
world wholly preoccupied 
with arms and with the defence 
(?)strategies they create. The 
MOD films were made before the 
rows broke out over Britain's 
role in the Americans' bombing 
of Libya. How perapwm. 
then, of Mr Taylor, aher hearing 
from Europe's top Nato 
general that the West is dancing 
to the Soviet piper 's tune.that 
he should confront the British 
Defence Secretary with the 
thought that the piper to whose 
tune Britain dances is not 
sitting in tee Kremlin but in the 
White House. 


2.15 Their Lordshipe* House. A 
repeat of last night's 
highlights of tee day's 
proceedings in the House 
of Lords. 

220 FHm: Laughter* (1 930) 
starring Nancy CarroU and 
Fredric March. Comedy 
drama about a showgirl 
who rejects an 
impoverished composer 
for a banker. She regrets 
the decision a few months 
later whan the composer 
arrives on the scene as 
welt es her husband's 
daughter by an earlier 
marriage, pursued by a 
fortune hunter. Directed by 
Harry D’Arrast 

420 A Plus 4. Mavis Nicholson 
joins past and present 
members of tee Tiller 
Girls' dancing troupe, 
celebrating foe centenary 
of their formation. In 

420 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner of the anagrams 
and mental arithmetic 
game is challenged by Ann 
Thompson from Cumbria. 

5.00 Afice. Vera is bombarded 
with presents and love 
poems from an unknown 
admirer. Who can he be? 
Mel knows more than he 
cares to tell. 

520 On Land, On Sea and in 
the Air. An animated film 
made by Dutch animator. 
Paul Dnesser. 

525 Mother and Son. 

Australian-made comedy 
series about an elderly 
widow and her recently 
divorced son. 

620 Flashback. Films of the 
late Twenties and Thirties 

Radio 4 

On long wave. VHF variations at end 
ot Radio 4. 

525 Shipping 6-00 News Briefing; 
W earner 6.10 Farming 
625 Prayer (s) 

620 Today, ind 620, 7.30. 

820 News 6.45 Business 
News 625. 725 Weather 
720,8.00 News 725, 

825 Sport 725 Thought for 
the Day 825 Yesterday 
in Pari lament B.57 Weather 
920 News 

925 Midweek with Ubby 

1020 News: Gardeners' 

Question Time.Today's 
edition comes from 
Bedfordshire. Questions 
come from members of the 
Biggleswade and Diana 
Gardening Club- Answering 
them: Dr S retan 
Buczacki, Fred Downham 
and Geoffrey Srmty. The 
chairman ts clay Jones 
1020 Morning Story: A Change 
of Scene by Andrea 
Endraweit-Tracy. Read by 
Freda Dow*. 

1045 Daily Service (New Every 
Morning, page 5) (s) 

1120 News: Travel; Echoes of 
Lost Tibet Memories of 
British travellers on the 'roof 
of the world' (2) 

Forbidden Land 
11.48 Dancing a Hornpipe in 
Fetters. Suzanne Burden 
reads from the journals and 
leTters of the 19th- 
century across. Fanny 
Kemble (3). 

1220 News; You and Yours. 

with John Howard. 

1227 Around the World in 2S 
years. Johnny Morris 
recalls some of the places he 
has visited and people 
he hes met This week: 
Yugoslavia. 1225 

120 The World At One: News 
120 The Archers. 125 

220 News. Woman's hour. 
Includes an interview 
with Glenda Jackson. 

320 News: The Afternoon 
Play. The Hind Lag. by 
matthew Irwin. With Avis 
B unnsge as the mother 
who goes to visit her son (s) 
547 English Now (new series) 
for anyone interested in 
the language. With David 
420 News 
425 File on 4 
445 Kaleidoscope Extra: 

Audita Scenery. Music 
in the theatre-Natalie Wheen 
talks to musicians and 

520 PM: News magazine. 

5.50 Shipping. 525 

•Best of the rest on TV 
tonight Charles Crichton's merry 
Ealing comedy Thelavender 
HiU Mob (BBC 2. 6.00pm), which 
puts us in the mood for 
Friday's Omnibus documentary 
Made m Ealing, and 
Truffaut's Fahrenheit 451 
(Channel 4. 10.00).which 
won't disappoint you unless you 
expea it to be as bleakly 
brilliant as the Ray Bradbury 

•Radio choice: The BBC SO 
playing Samt-Saens's “Organ” 
Symphony (Radio 3. 

9.00pm)and the final part of June 
Knox-Mawer's anecdotal 
treat about exiled Britons in 
faraway places with strange 
sounding names. Tales from 
Paradisei Radio 4, 8.15pm). 

Peter Davalle , 

6.00 News: Financial Report 

620 First Night impressions. 

Robert Cushman recalls 
fas years as Drama Critic of 
The Observer (2). Actors. 

7.00 News 

7.05 The Archers 

720 In Business. Peter Smith 
witn views and stones 
from Britain's shopfloors and 

745 Groundswell (new series) 
Hugh Sykes examines 
motorways and their 
environmental impact 

6.15 Tales From Paradise. 

June Knox-Mawer 
recalls the last days of the 
official British presence 
in the South Pacific (final 
instalment). Tonight 
Moving On (s) 

920 Thirty-'MinutB Theatre. 

Just Impediment, by 
Tony Whittaker. With Eileen 
Derbyshire and John 
Jardine in the cast.The story 
is about a wedding 
between a Catholic 
bridegroom and a 
Protestant bode, and the 
problems <t causes to 
their respective fathers. ( 1 ) (s) 

920 Adventure. Mike 

hollingworth on Airship 

945 Kaleidoscope. With Paul 
AttenJncfudes comment 
on Angry Housewives, at the 
Lync, and The Snow 
Queen, at Sadler'a Welts 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: Mr 
Wakefield's crusade (8). 

Read by John Rowe. 

1029 Weather 

1020 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

1120 Today m Parliament 

1220 News: Weather. 1223 

VHF (available m England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except 525-6 20am Weather; 
Travel. 1120-1220 For 
Schools 1.55- 3. 00pm For 
Schools 520-525 PM 
(continued). 11 20-1 2.1 0am 
Open University: 1120 
Propaganda and tea Ova 
War. 1120 Social 
Sciences: Grapevine. 1220- 
1.10 Schools Night-time 
Broadcasting: CSE Engfeh. 
1220 Prejudice in Arthur 
Miller's The Crucible. 1220 
Friendship in John 
Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men. 

waltz), Beethoven 
(Sonata in A. Op 12 No 2: 
Perlman and 
Ashkenazy), Haydn 
(Symphony No 100). 920 

(Symphony No 100). 920 

925 Schubert Polonaises in 
D minor \ F and B flat, D 
824. nos 1 to 3: Anne 
Queffetae and Imogen 
Cooper, pianos). Settings of 
translation of The Lady of the 
Lake, and other works 

RS 2 j 8 ^?Sttte n9l ' < 
Ameling (soprano) and Nefl 
Mackta among the 

1020 Bridge and Britten: 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

1040 A Swiss Nocturne: 

Bochmflhn Quartet with 
Ian Caddy (baritone), othmar 
Schoeck(Nottumo. Op 

1125 Fauns and Sorabjl; Paul 

Radio 3 

On medium wave. VHF variations 
are given at the end 
625 Weather. 720 News 
725 Morning 

Concert Krommer (Odst- 
Partita in F, Op 557). Milhaud 

shire Posy). 

825 Morning Concert 

and Britten (Variations on a 
theme of Brldge.Op 10) 

1020 BBC Singers at Arundel: 
Schoenberg (Friede auf 
Erflen), wittsye (Draw on 
sweet night), and Saint- 
Saens (three songs. 

Including Las fleurs at las 

1120 Peter Waftfisch: piano 
recital. Schumann 
(Kreisleriana. Op 16; 
Impromptus on theme of 
Clara Wieek. Op 5) 

12.15 Concert Halt: Wind 

Soloists of the Chamber 
Orchestra of Europe. Mozart 
(Serenade in C minor, K 
388). Beethoven (Octet in E 
flat, Lp 103). 120 News 

1.05 Sonny Rollins: 

recordings made by the 
American tenor 
saxophonist inctuding 
There'll never be another 

120 i a* Musicals: 

Malcolm Arnold (Tam 
O'Shanter overture), 

Anthony Hedges (Scenes 
from the Humber). Vaughan 
Williams (Norfolk 
Rhapsody No 1), Eric Coates 
(London suite), and 
traditional songs Including 
The Keel Row and Billy 
Boy:( Richard Butler, 
Northumbrian pipes) 

2.30 Coupenn: Hersperion XX 
in Quatrieme ordre: La 

320 TheCootidge 

Commissions: Bridge 
(String Quartet No I) and 
Schoenberg (String 
Quartet No 4L with Allegri 
and Lasaile Quartets 
respectively I 

4.00 Choral Evensong; from I 

Chapel of King's Cottage, 
Cambridge. 425 News 

5.00 Midweek Choice: Gluck 
(IpMgenle en Auttde 
overture), Pauer (Bassoon 
Concerto: Gavin 
Beethoven Viofin 
Concerto^ Hubermaim. 
soloist). Orff (Trionfo 
Afrodite: Leipzig Radio SO, 
Leipzig Radio Otorus 
and soloists) 

720 Debut Antonetta 

Ciccozzi (harp)). Sudani 
(Partita), Salzedo (Idyllic 
poem, and Variations) 

720 BBC SO (under Baudo). 
with Ton koopman 
(harpsichord), and Huw 
Tregetes WIBiams 
(organ). Pan one. Berlioz 
(Three movements from 
Romeo and Juliet). Poulenc 

840 Lx Continerit&Mtorelgn 
monitored by the BBC 

9.00 Concert: part two. Salnt- 
Saens (Symphony No 3) 

920 A Handful or Pleasant 
Delimits: Michael 
Hordern with readings from 
Izaak Walton's The 
Complest Angler. Music by 
Terry Davisjjerformed 
by Robin Jeffrey and David 

Fauna's Nocturne No 13 . and 
Michael Habermann 
plays Djami 

1127 News. 1220 Closedown. 
VHF only: Open University .from 
525am to 6.55. Open Forum; 
Students' Magaona 

C Radio 2 } 

On medium wave. VHF at end 
of Radoi. 

News on the hour. Headlines 
520am, 620, 720 and 82a Sports 
Desks: 125pm. 222, 322. 

4.02, 5.05, 622. 6.45 (mf only), 


4.00am Colin Berry (s) 520 Ray 
Moore (s) 720 Derek Jameson 
(s)920 Ken Bruce (s)1120 
Jimmy Young plus Sodai Security 
questions answered by 
Anthony Newton, MP 125pm David 
Jacobs (s) 2.00Gioria Hun reford 
with Tony Curtis answering 
antiques queries. The number 
to ring is 01-580 4444. between 

2.00 and 2.45 (S) 320 David 
Hamilton (s) 525 John Dunn (s) 

7.00 Folk on 2. with Jim Ll oyd 
(s). 720 Soccer SpeciaL 820The 
McCatinans and Friends (s) 
aoOListen to the Band (s) 
925Sports Desk IOjOOA Slight 
Case of Murdoch. Richard Murdoch 
chats to a live audience 10.15 
Harvey and the Watlbangers 1020 
Big Fight Special: Light 
Heavyweight Championship of tee 
World; Dennis Andries (GB) J J3. 
Wtthamson (USA) 1120 Brian 
Matthew presents Round 

Radio 1 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at and of Radio 1. 

News on the half hour from 
620am Andy Peebies.720 
Adrian John 920 Simon Bates 
1220pm Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 12.45 Gary Davies 3.00 
Steve Wright 5.30 Newsbeat 
(Frank Partridge) 545 Bruno 
Brookes (ind, at 620. Top 30 
album chart) 7.30 Janice Long 
1O.D0-122QJohn Peel (s). VHF 
RADIOS 1 & 2> 420aniA& Radio 2. 
7.30 Folk on Two. 820 
McCaJmans and Friends220 
Listen to the Band. 925 Sports 
Desk.10.00As Radio 1. 1220- 
420amAs Radio 2. 


840 NewGdesk 620 Meridian 720 News 
740 Tawny Four Houre 720 Dwtfop- 
mant 'B8 ttJn Nows 840 Reflections IL15 
Oescfcai Record Review 840 Brain ot 
frnah 1 986 940 News 949 Review of the 
British Press 9.16 The World Today 9J» 
Financial News 940 Look Ahead 945 
Flanders and Swann 1040 News 1041 
Omrtfus 1140 News 1140 News About 
Britain 11.15 Hie Ortana 1126 A Letter 
from Wales 1120 Merktiar 1240 RwttO 
Newsreel 12.15 Nature Notebook 1225 
the Farming World 124S Sports Roundup 
140 News 149 Twenty Four Houn 120 
Development *06 240 Outlook 248 Re- 
port an Refegion 340 Recflo Newsreel 0.15 
Byways of Hstory 320 Two Ctwere for 
April 440 News Loo Commentary 4.16 
Counterpoint 545 Sporn Roundup 746 
Good Books 940 News 049 Twenty FOw 
Hours 820 Assignment 940 Netwrak UK 

9.15 Album TVne 945 Recording of the 
Week 1040 News 1049 The WotCl Today 
1Q2S A Letter from Welae 10 l 30 Rnendel 
News 1040 Reflections 1045 Sport* 
Roundup 1140 News 1149 Comment ar y 

11.15 Good Books 1120 Top Twenty 
1240 News 1249 News About Britain 

12.15 Radio Newsreel 1220 Two Cheara 
for April 140 News 141 Oudook 120 
Waveguide 140 Book Choice 145 LMno 
vnth Cfrougre 240 News 249 Review ot 
the Bntosn Press 2.15 Network UK 220 
Assignment 340 Naws 349 News About 
Britan 3.15 The World Today 445 
Financial News 445 Reflections 540 
News 549 Twenty Four Horn 546 The 
World Today. AS times In QWT. 

1ilS 53 »« H 2/2Mfn:10891cHz/27 5 m: Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kH/433m; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247m; VHF -9tf 

mF ** vhf -* Bras 


TVC As London except 1320- 

JJS LOOpm Judl Goes or Holiday 
120 News 120 Of! The Rack 240- 
220 Pm&tam Page 320440 Torn 0oo> 
tore 515-545 S WJLUC 840*25 
Coast to Coast 1240 Show Express 
I 1220am Company. Ctosadown 


( GJerroe 120 News 120-220 Hart to 
I Hart 5.15-645 Star Choice 540-625 
I News 1240 Closedown 


11.15am Schools 1120-1125 About 
WaiBS 500525pm Wales at Six 


Clegg's People 120 News 120 Job 
Spot 125-340 Fan: Raffles 320440 
Report Back 515-545 S.VtLAJJC 
UKML3& News and Scotland Today 
1240 Late Coll. Closedown 

Words 120-220 Country Practice 
5.15-5-45 S.WALK. 6JU-62S About An- 
glia 1240 Short Story Theatre 
1220em In Conversation. Closedown 


Cotswokf Way 120 News 120-220 
Scarecrow and Mrs King 5.15-545 Star 
Choiee 540 Crossroads 924740 
News 1240 FHm: Waflt a Crooked Path 
1 <f>nm ciftww un 
•LsSS. 140pm Mr Smith 120 News 
120-220 Country Practice 5.15 Gus 
Honeybun S20-545.Crossraads 640 To- 

day Souev Wes 820-T40 
Emmordale Farm 1240 Mowemakere 
1220am Post sc ript. Closedown 


a Legend 120 Newt 120620 Coon- 

a legend 120 News 120220 Coun- 

a Practice 820-440 Yoimg Doctors 
5-545 Star Choice 64M25 
Lookarxjnd 1240 Closedown 


Ageless Agemg 120 oranada Ra- 
ports 120-220 The Baron 320-440 

Ycxjng Doctors 615-545 Connec- 
tion 6i» Granada Reports 620825 
This Is Your fkght 1240 Shon Story 
Theatre 1220am Closedown 


At Home 120 News 120820 Coun- 
try Practice 515-545 S-W.AJ-K. 640- 
625 North Tortght 1240 News. 


Calender LuncWme Live 120 News 

120-220Falcon Crest 6.15-546 Star 
iChoice 640-625 Calendar 1240 
'Ponraaoi a Legend 1220am Closedown 


Blood 120 Luncntone 120-220 
Country Practice 5.15-545 Star Choice 
840825 Good Evening Uistor 1125 

S4C Starts: 140pm Countdown 
S2EK 120 4 What Ks Worth 240 
Daearyddiaaih: Japan 220 
FfaWxdani 225 Interval 340 The Christ- 
mas 440 A Plus 4 420 DurreB tn 
Russia 500 Bbdowcar 520 Rockat Mon- 
ey Programme 640 ftookslde 620 
Concwest 740 Newydriion 720 O Na 
Byddaln HatoHydBJMUwybrau 
Natur 520 Uygad y GeWog 945 Fant 
Btassoms In the Duet 1025 Srtwcer 
1125 Mysteries of Pern 1226am 


Sea In Ther Blood 120 Nows 125 
Where The Jobs Are 120-220 Coudry 
Practice 5.1 5-545 Star Choice 6JIL 
625 Northern Life 1240 Comfort in 
Counsel, Closedown 



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est Ham United can 
,ke certain of at least third 
ice in the first division by 
aiing Ipswich Town at Up- 
n Park tonight, thus com- 
pleting four successive home 
wins in 10 days and keeping 
the pressure on the two teams 
in front of them, Liverpool 
and Everton. Their manager, 
John LyaJl. sai±‘Tt‘s great 
that we are taking it all the way 
to the finish." 

West Ham have only one 
worry afier Monday's hard 
earned win over Manchester 
City — Ward, an ever present 
this season, finished the game 
with a slight groin strain. Lyalf 
admits his players are tired 
after a long hard season "but 
so are all the other teams, and 
when you are winning you 
don't notice being tired." he 

“We have already achieved 
the target we set ourselves this 
season of finishing higher than 
any West Ham side has ever 
done before in division one. 
which is a great credit to the 
lads. Now we simply have to 
seek to win our remaining 
games and hope that Liver- 
pool and Everton slip up. 
Manchester City made it hard 
for us. They were the third 
side of the last four we have 
beaten to use a sweeper, which 
is a mark of respect to us." 
Stewart's first-half penalty 
separated the teams. 

West Ham have beaten 
Ipswich away in both League 
and FA Cup this season, each 
time with an only goal scored 
Cottee. Almost exactly a 
year ago another Conee goal 
gave West Ham a 1-0 win at 

Ipswich, which ended their 
relegation fears. 

Ipswich, still needing three 
points from their last two 
matches to make certain of 
avoiding relegation, will have 
no inferiority complex about 
lonighi's match. Their manag- 
er. Bobby Ferguson, said; "We 
are going there to win. It 
would be nice to gel three 
points because it would pre- 
vent having a nail-biting fin- 
ish at Sheffield Wednesday on 
Saturday." Ipswich have no 
fresh injury worries following 
their injury-time victory over 
Oxford United on Saturday. 

Everton 's title hopes re- 

Nortbem Ireland's 
World Cup squad 
and other football 

ceived a lift yesterday when 
Reid and Van den Hauwe 
were included in the party of 
14 for the match at Oxford 
tonight. They have made good 
progress after being injured 
during Saturday's goalless 
draw with Nottingham Forest 
Harper and Richardson are 
added to the squad. 

Oxford's Northern Ireland 
forward. Billy Hamilton, is 
recalled to face Everton. Ham- 
ilton. who is included in 
Ireland's World Cup squad 
after being troubled ail season 
with a knee injury, takes over 
from Charles, who suffered a 
recurrence of a groin strain 
against Ipswich. 

The 3-2 defeat left Oxford in 
deep relegation trouble and 
their manager. Maurice Ev- 

ans. has set of a target of seven 
points from the remaining 
three home games to stay in 
the first division. He said: 
"We were killed off by two 
diabolical decisions by referee 
Tony Holbrook, which cost 
two goals after playing weft 
enough to deserve a win and it 
will make the players more 
determined tomorrow. They 
know they cannot afford an- 
other defeat" 

The League leaden, Liver- 
pool. have an injury woiry for 
tonight's visit to Leicester 
City. Johnston is suffering 
from a painful back which 
makes him a doubtful starter 
and he will have a late fitness 
tesL Rush has also had treat- 
ment fora back injury but is 
likely to play. 

The Liverpool player-man- 
ager, Kenny Dalglish, takes a 
squad of 15 with Walsh. Lee 
and McMahon added to the 
dozen who were on duty in 
Saturday's 5-0 defeat of Bir- 
mingham City. 

Leicester's manager, Gor- 
don Milne, says that tonight's 
match is as important as a cup 
final. The former England 
winger. Laurie Cunningham, 
is likely to play, as Leicester 
attempt to avoid relegation. 
Cunningham will probably 
lake over from Lynex, who is 

Smith is still doubtfuL He 
has been under intensive 
treatment for 10 days for a 
knee injury and Milne said 
yesterday: "I am keeping my 
fingers crossed, but will not be 
able to say whether Smith will 
be in until the very last 

Luton card plan to Argentina 
ban visiting fans 

Luton Town yesterday un- 
veiled their plans to ban 
spectators of visiting clubs 
from Kenilworth Road next 

All supporters who want to 
watch Luton's games will first 
have to buy a membership 
card costing £1. The cards, 
incorporatiig a magnetic code, 
will have to be passed through 
a security scanner in a 
compntercontrolled turnstile 

The equipment is costing 
Loton £250,000 and David 
Evans, the dab's chairman, 
said at a press conference that 
the scheme has the backing of 
the Prime Minister, the gov- 
ernment. police, local councils 
and residents. Luton first con- 
sidered banning away support- 
ers after MUwall Cans caused 
£25,000 worth of damage in 
and around the ground during 
a FA Cup-tie last season. 

They already ban visiting 
supporters from all seated 
areas and chief executive John 
Smith said that the dob would 
ask the Football Association 
and the Football League to 
allow the ban to operate in 
cup-ties as well as League 
games. An existing FA rule 

states that visiting clubs 
should be given 25 per cent of 
the capacity for cup-ties, hot a 
request wQJ be made at an FA 
meeting on May 13 to giant 
Luton exemption from that 

Smith said that if the rale 
was not waived for Loton, they 
would deckle whether to play 
FA and League Cup ties on 
opponents' or neutral grounds, 
or withdraw from the cup 
competitions. Under the com- 
puterized turnstile system, the 
turnstile will reject any card 
which is stolen or reported as 
being blacklisted by the dub. 

Luton hope to sell up to 

30.000 cards to home support- 
ers and believe that more local 
people wQl go to their first 
division matches once they 
know there cannot be trouble 
involving rival supporters. 
Those who boy the cards win 
also be asked to sign a promise 
of good behaviour. 

Loton have an average of 

1.000 visiting fans per month, 
despite a deliberate policy of 
charging high admission 
charges for them. The dob 
says that by banning away 
supporters, its police bills can 
be reduced. 

for a rout 

Oslo (Reuter) — Argentina 
take on Norway today anxious 
to find their goal touch and 
quash suggestions that their 
manager, Carlos Bilardo, has 
assembled a defensive squad 
for next month’s World Cup. 

He has been criticised for 
switching the emphasis from 
the sweeping, attacking moves 
employed by his predecessor, 
Cesar Luis Menotti, which 
took Argentina to victory in 
the 1978 finals. 

Bilardo wants his team to 
rout Norway in today's match 
at the Ulleval Stadium to 
make amends for the recent 2- 
0 defeat by France and prove 
his side is no more defensive 
than in previous yean. The 
Argentinians, with their cap- 
lain Diego Maradona due in 
from Italy, rehearsed the full 
range of their attacking moves 
during a hard training session. 
They should have no problem 
disposing of the Norwegians, 
although the mixture of local 
amateurs and exiled profes- 
sionals caused a major upset 
last year by beating World 
Cup holders Italy. 

Argentina travel to Israel for 
another warm-up match 


Davis break clears the way 

There are few belter ways to 
start a quarter-final of the 
Embassy Snooker Champion- 
ship at Sheffield than by- 
making a splendid clearance 
break of 134. This work of art 
was accomplished yesterday 
by Steve Davis against Jimmy 
White to surpass the previous 
highest break of 121 compiled 
by White himself. 

'On his third visit to the 
table, having already scored 
four points, Davis cut a short 
red into a side pocket at the 
lop of ihe table. There was 
little indication then of what 
was in store - a total of 14 reds, 
eleven blacks, one pink, two 
blues and all the colours,- 
despatched readily with su- 
perb control. 

While, who conceded the 
second frame on the brown, 
decided it was time to do 
something and he responded 
with a sparkling break of 84. 
only to run into trouble in the 
next frame after making a 
break of 41. Having escaped 
from a snooker on the yellow 
he found there was an in-offat 
the end of it and Davis won 

By Sydney Frisian 

the frame to go 3-1 ahead. He 
returned from the interval to 
increase his lead to 4-1 but 
White was back in the match 
al 5-3 and there should be a 
few more thrills before it is 
completed tonight. 

Tony Knowles, maintaining 
ihe fluency he had acquired 
against Silvino Francisco on 
Monday night, gained early 
ascendancy over Kirk Ste- 
vens. of Canada. Successive 
breaks of 48. 46 and 55 look 
Knowles into a 3-0 led, but an 
attractive break of 74 by 
Stevens enabled him to cut the 
lead to 3-1. Knowles increased 
his lead to 4-1 though Stevens 
came back sharply with a 
break of 54 to reduce the lead 
to 4-1 

Cliff Thorbum. of Canada, 
became stronger and stronger 
once he found his rhythm 
against Willie Thome and 
built himself a fortress in the 
form of a 6-2 lead. The 
Canadian won the first three 
frames without trouble, estab- 
lished a lead of 4-1 with a 
clearance of 36, and extended 
it to 6-1 with a break of 70. 

Thome's best effort was a 
clearance of 83 in the fourth 
frame and he gained some 
respectability by reducing the 
lead to 6-2 with a break of 46. 

Terry Griffiths, usually a 
slow starter, lost the first three 
frames to Joe Johnson, of 
Bradford, but kept in touch at 
the end of the morning's play 
by reducing Johnson’s lead to 

leads T Griffiths (Wales) 54 
5. 1330. 77-26, 16-62, 5-96, 
1-7, 75-0. 6-70); C Thorbum (Gan) 
leads W Thome (Eng) 6-2 (73-9, 86- 
1 0, 83-1 . 33-83, 1 1 143, 80-2, 80-32, 
CHJS); S_DawajEnjy leads J White 

73-33, 64-7. 44-71 
82. 122-1)- 

2-75, 0- 

Knowles (Eng) beat S Francisco 
ISA) 13-10 (24-76. 54-26. 39-70. 2- 
63. 39-81, 50-28, 22-114. 66-50. 26- 
79. 88-35. 65-59. 25-71. 101-25, 84- 
9, 29-73. 65-32, 53-64. 79-34. 37-69, 
62-1. 72-56. 76-34, 80-12): C 
Thorbum (Can) beat E Hughes (Rep 
of Ireland) 13-6 (76-48, 70-56. 15- 
106. 73-53, 51-76. 83-22, 118-15. 
24-67, 78-34, 38-81, 76-16, 13-74, 
72-21, 38-72. 114-9. 62-33, 81-25, 
1244). 87-14). 




; (Oft 

(2m 110yd hdie) T. Towpi (A 
,91 tavfc 2. inherit (7-2): 3. Salors 
d (9-11. 71. 5L tO ran. D WMte. Tola 
cTlO. £1.90. £100. DF: £6.10 
CSF: £9.51. Tncast £4533. 


CodojrMI-1) Brown's Star 6-4 tav.1i.nk. 
lOran.NR: Meartn. G ttJbterdTote: 
£13.10; £3«. £1.40, £230. DE: £2830. 

CSF: E47.K. _ 

630 (in Gf hdfe) 1. Foyle FW««HMn(S 
Sherwood. 92!. Z Charam (25-H: 3. Sob 
Tedall (2-1 Favj. 2VA. IW- 12 ran. N8: 
AsWtagti Boy. J JenM*. Tote ££00: 
£1.5r£4.0D. £1-50. DF: 57660. CSF: 
£102.82- Tncast £274.19. . 

7JH2mch) 1. Autumn Zniu (B Rowell. 8- 
13 fa vk 2. Boyne Salmon (12-1): 3. 

TOR: £130; £1.10. *440 OF. E530. CSF: 


545 (3m 600 yd ch) 1, OdWOChe 
Stream (Mr M Thompson. 13-2): 2. Mr £1.70. £130. 
Spot (15-0 lav); 4, Royal Bowler (5-1)- 1W. E17-H- 

Tot* £630; 
DF: £8.10. CSF: 

Filly’s future bright 

ElS (2m 4f tide) 1, QwmWe Parte (G 
Braoey, 54); 2, m&on (S4 fai* 3. Frosty 
Touch (12-11 71. 2fcL IB ran. Mrs rt 
Qckmson. Tew: £4 1 0. £1.10. £120. 
£2.60. OF: £3.60. CSF: B&.47. 

Mons Future, given to the 
.Dorking trainer. Hugh O'Neill, 
by a patron of his stable,, Alan 
H iutley, who had become disillu- 
sioned with ihe filly. Jed virtu- 
ally all the way to win the 
Bagihorpc Selling Stakes at Not- 
tingham yesterday. 

Simon Whitworth drove the 
9-1 chance dear at halfway, and 
the grey crossed the line with 
two lengths to span? over Sara- 
sota. who was half that distance 
in from of Mi-Oh-My. 

The favourite, Princess Singh, 
chased the leaders until weaken- 
ing approaching the final fur- 
long, finishing sixth. 

"Mons Future was bought as 
a yearling for 3.400 guineas, but 
when she was sent up lor re-sale 
she was twice (ailed in her wind 
by (he vcl Mr Hutley then gave 
her to me." O'Neill said. “She 
does make funny noises at 
home, but it is just temper. She 
growls." he added. 

O'Neill said he offered Mons 
Future back to Mr Hutley, but 
was tokJ he could keep her. and 
alter today's victory, on only her 
second racecourse appearance, 
she was bought in for 1.600 


Safety first Slack takes cover and Radley looks on as Roberts cuts loose at Lord's yesterday. (Photograph: Chris Cole) 

Middlesex fail to force 
home the advantage 

LORD'S: Middlesex ( 7ptsj 
drew with Derbyshire (3). 

Middlesex, whose close 
catching let them down, were 
unable to make Derbyshire 
follow on yesterday and from 
12.30 onwards the match was 
allowed to drift to an unsatis- 
factory draw. A slow, docile 
pitch, and the loss of four 
hours' play on Saturday, com- 
bined to blunt the ambitions 
of both teams. 

Derbyshire resumed need- 
ing a further 98 runs to avoid 
the follow-on. They had seven 
wickets in hand, including 
that of Miller, who had influ- 
enza and would only bat if 
necessary. In the first half 
hour Finney, the night watch- 
man, was twice dropped in the 
slips off Williams before he 
reached double figures. 

These mistakes dashed any 
hope Middlesex held of break- 
ing through. The score was 92 
before Cowans bowled 
Finney, but Morris continued 
to drive stylishly and hit seven 

By Richard Streeton 

fours before Daniel bowled 
him with a yorker. 

Roberts, however, was firm 
as a rock and Newman, whose 
batting improved so much last 
year, also looked sound when 
Edmonds and Emburey 
bowled. These two were still 
together at lunch when 67 
overs remained and the in- 
nings lasted another 55 min- 
utes after the interval. 

The outstanding catches 
were taken by Emburey at slip 
and Edmonds in the gulley. to 
dismiss Newman and Rob- 
erts. Holding brought Derby- 
shire a second batting point 
but inevitably, it was all 
ratheracademic. In retrospect, 
Middlesex, perhaps, batted 
too long 'on Monday for 
Derbyshire to feel it necessary 
to make any gestures. 

There was the aesthetic 
pleasure of watching Holding 
bowl in the final two hours 
and he soon had Slack leg 
before with a ball that kept 
low. Barlow and Butcher 
played some attractive strokes 

towards the end, before Butch- 
er was bowled round his Tegs, 
trying to sweep in Barnett's 
final over. 

MIDDLESEX: First hnwigs 306 tor 4 dec 
(C T RacJey 103 not out W N Stack 96). 
Second Mnmgs 

G D Bartow not out - 52 

W N Slack Ibw b Holding 9 

R O Butcher M wkt b Bamsa 60 

Extras (b5.to3.nb2) — 10 

Total (2 wfcts dec) 131 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-23. 2-131 . 
BOWLING: HoMng 6-1-18-1; Mortenssn 
7-3-14-0: Newman 7-1-20*0; Finney 7-0- 
31-0: Warner 5-2-26-tt Barnett 63-2-14-1. 

DERBYSHRE: First Innings 

*K J Barnett tow b Cowans 

I S Anderson tow b Cowans 

. 23 


A H4I c Downton b Edmonds 19 

4 E Morris bDanM 44 

R J Finney b Cowans 13 

tB Roberts c Edmonds bWHIams —28 
PG Newman c Emtxmsy b VWtams ..34 
A E Warner b Cowans ... 6 
M A HoUmg cDowrnon b WWams — 17 

OH Mortenssn not out— 2 

GMBer absent fl - O 

Extras (lb 3. w 1. rto 9) 13 

Total (80-3 overs) 202 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-13. 2-41, 3-50. 4- 
92. S-119. 6-177, 7-182,0-184. 9-202. 
BOWLING: Daniel 9-1-43-1; Cowans 18-4- 
84-4: Emburey 21-10404; Edmonds 18- 
7-29-1; WBams 123-1-444; Getting 2-2- 

Umprres: A G T WMaheed and J W 

Stakes are Cambridge survive 


The prize money for this 
season's major cricket compe- 
litions rose to almost 
£328,000 yesterday when 
£4.000 was added to the 
NatWest Trophy cash awards. 

The winners of the final at 
Lord's in September will re- 
ceive £19,000, compared with 
the £1 7.000 Essex collected, for 
pipping Nottinghamshire 
There is £82.400 on offer in 
.the Benson and Hedges Cup 
and £73,300 in the John 
Player Special League while 
£63,000 is the Britannic As- 
surance injection into the 
county championship. 

England's cricketers can 
seek some solace after their 
troubled tour of the West 
Indies by pursuing the £40,300 
from the Test sponsors, 
Comhili, and the £17,400 put 
up by Texaco for the four one- 
day internationals. 

FENNERS: Cambridge Uni- 
versity drew with 

A century from the North- 
amptonshire all-rounder, 
Duncan Wild, and a stubborn, 
match-saving second innings 
from Cambridge University 
were theJeatures of the last 
day’s play at Fenner's^ 

Wild batted 1 32 minutes for 
his 101, receiving 124 balls 
and hilling 14 fours and a six. 
He held the county's second 
innings together almost until 
they declared at 203 for seven 
at lunch. 303 runs ahead, after 
starting the day on 81 for two. 

Cambridge faced a possible 
four hours, in which to score 
at 73 an hour or to save the 
match, and they got off to 
their best start of the season, 
47 runs coming from the 
openers Bail and Ahluwalia. 

Browne. Fell and the cap- 
tain, Price, saw the University 

to safety 

NORTHAMPrONSHRE: Flint Innhgs 2(8 
for 6 dec (R J Boyd M ost 61. R J Bailey 

Second Innings 

A C Storie tow b Scot 4 

tD Rfcttyc Brown bEEson 14 

D J WBd MltwMb Davidson 101 

R J Boyd-Moss c Brown b EUwn 18 

RJ8weynotout 42 

DJ Capet c Goman b Golding 2 

R G Wterw b Dawdson 7 

N G B Cook e Brown b Gowmg 3 

N A Mailender not out 3 

Extras (b5.b5. nbl) 


Total(7wktsdoc) - 205 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-13. 2-62, 3-134. 4- 
155. 5-158.8-175.7-186. 

BOWLING Davidson. 18448-2; Scott. 
13-3-44-1; EUson. 16-7-50-2; Gokfing. 17- 

150 (D G Pnce 60: D J WHd 4 for 4). 
Second tarings 

PACBaHcCapet _T_ 3S 

MSArtuwaiab Griffiths 13 

D W Browne c Ripley b Masender — 20 

D J FefibCook _ 22 

TIG Price not out 22 

S R Gorman not out g 

Extras ( 
Total (4 wfcts) 


Belgian bursts 
through after 
spill by leader 

Oviedo (Reuter) - Eddy 
Planckaert ouisprinted Benny 
Van Brabant a fellow Belgian, 
to record his second stage win 
in the Tour of Spain event 
yesterday. Sean Kelly, of Ire- 
land. came third after a tough 
uphill sprint ending the 180- 
kilometre seventh stage from 
Cangas de Onis to here. All 
three recorded 4 hr 36 min 33 

Plane kaert's victory came 
only after Roland Leclercq. of 
France, took a spectacular 
spill on a tight curve 200 
metres from the finish when 
he held a comfortable 400- 
metre lead over the pack. 
Robert Millar, of Scotland, 
retained the overall lead. 

“It was a fairly easy win.” 
Planckaert said. “I pulled 
ahead without too much trou- 
ble near the finish and was 
sure I was going to come in 

Tomorrow's 9.8-kilometre 
eighth stage is from Oviedo to 
Alio del Naranco 

Ores to Oviedo, 18km); 1. 6 
Planckaert (Bel). 4hr 56mm 33sec; 
2. B van Brabant (Bel); 3, S Kelly 
(Ire); 4. R Gabestany (Sp); 5, 0 
Hernandez (CoQ; 6. S Mutter 
(Swtz}; 7. A Pro (Sp); 8. V 
Demdento (USSR); 9, IMuraa(Sp); 
10, M Dominguez (Sp). as same 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-47. 2-57. 3-84, 4 - 
110 . 

BOWLING: MaBender 14-422-1: Griffins 
12-4-20-1; Cap al 12-1-56-1; N G B Cook 
12-8-12-1; Wiliams 7-2-10-0; wad 4-24-0: 
Baiey M-OO. 


his future 

Jack Simmons, the 45-year- 
old Lancashire vice-captain, 
was considering his future 
yesterday after being left out 
of the side for the first two 
Britannic Assurance county 
cricket championship matches 
of the season. Simmons ex- 
pected to captain the team for 
the first match at Hove in the 
absence of Clive Lloyd but 
found himself on the sidelines 
as Lancashire earned a 24- 
poiut win over Sussex. 

The Lancashire manager. 
Jack Bond, said yesterday: “I 
see no reason to change things 
for tomorrow's match with 
Leicestershire. I can under- 
stand why Jade is disappoint- 
ed but I can assure him he still 
has a big part to play at Old 

With Lloyd likely to be kept 
out again by Lancashire's 
other overseas player, Patrick 
Patterson, the fast bowler, 
their opening batsman. 
Graeme Fowler, will remain 
in charge today. 

Simmons said: *T just 
laughed when they told me I 
was out I thought they were 
joking. I won't retire because I 
won't be beaten but I will have 
to do some thinking about the 
future." Simmons, who has 
been al Old Trafford for 18 
years, has come under pres- 
sure from Mike Watkinson, 
the young seam bowler con- 
verted into an off-spinner, 
who took five wickets at 

Two players who came face 
to fare during England’s disas- 
trous tour of the West Indies. 
Allan Lamb, the England bats- 
man, and Roger Harper, the 
West Indian spinner, make 
their first appearances of the 
season for Northamptonshire 
when the county open their 
championship campaign 
against Kent at Canterbury 

The off-spinner, Chris Dale, 
and the all-rounder. Chris 
Penn, are included in a squad 
of 13 from which Kent will 
select their side. 

Paul Bakker, a 27-year-old 
Dutchman, may make his 
first-class debut for Hamp- 
shire in the match against 
Glamorgan at Southampton. 

Going to dogs 

Brain scan 

British-based boxing cham- 
pions and contenders for titles 
are likely to be ordered to 
undergo regular brain scans. 

The move, designed to im- 
prove safety in the sport, 
seems certain to be passed at 
the British Boxing Board of 
Control's annual meeting on 
May 21. 

The proposed change calls 
for any boxer involved in 
world. European. British or 
Commonwealth title contests 
or eliminators, and area cham- 
pionships, to have scans be- 
fore bouts. 

New course 

A £5 million plan to build a 
championship golf course 
near St Andrews has been 
proposed. The development, 
which would include a 100- 
bedroom hotel and a luxury 
sports complex, is to be locat- 
ed on 300 acres in Leuchars. 

Old warrior 

Havana (Reuter) - The 
winner of three Olympic gold 

aged 34. has been included in a Bristol leader French foes 

Cuban team to take part in the 
World Amateur boxing cham- 
pionships in Reno. Nevada, 
from May 8 to 16. He has lost 
three bouts in the past six 

Grimace; Yannick Noah, of 
France, was irritated by a 
line judge during his 6-3, 6-7, 
6-3 defeat by Boris Becker in 
Kiel on Monday 

Blyth backed 

Round-the-world yachts- 
man. Chay Blyth, has enlisted 
the backing of. Silk Cut in 
organizing Britain’s first ma- 
jor. sponsored inshore 24- 
hour race for ocean-going 
multi-hull yachts. The race 
will start off Brighton on 
October 4 and finish at Tower 

Nigel Pomphrey, aged 30. 
will be the captain of Bristol 
rugby club next season. His 
deputy will be the scrum half 
Richard Harding. 

Chelsea are negotiating to 
bring greyhound racing back 
to Stamford Bridge after an 
absence of almost 20 years. 
Plans are reported to include a 
three-year project involving 
nearly £1 million. A track 
would be laid round the 
outside of the football pitch 
with Chelsea providing ac- 
commodation for punters in 
executive boxes. 

Libya reaction 

Mark Curp. of the United 
States, who holds the world's 
best lime of 60min 55sec for a 
half marathon, has withdrawn 
from the Gaymer’s Okie En- 
glish road race series next 
month because of the political 
unrest over Libya. His place 
will be taken by the American- 
based Kenyan, Simeon Kigen. 

Record entry 

Bonn (Reuter) — A record 
31 countries have entered the 
European athletics champion- 
ships which will take place in 
Stuttgart from August .26 to 
31, the organizers said yester- 
day. Albania, Gibraltar and 
Monaco did not enter teams. 

A Great Britain . Amateur 
Rugby League UndeN9 side 
will fece the French at 
Wilderspool. Wmrij®on. on 
Thursday. May 

will be 
good for 

the rest 

It is the earnest hope of the 
Rigby Football Umon (RFU) ft 
competitions sob-committee . 
that their third bite at a 
distinctly similar cheny «nu 
prove successful. After tire 
refection of the Burgess Re- 
port m 1981, Danie Serfontem 
met with no more success two 
years ago when his committee 
proposed a national merit 
table. Now a fresh look at tire 
structure of tire game bt E»= 
gfam) , which wQl introduce 
integrate! league rugby, has 
been accepted by the RFU 

Bin Bishop, the Cornish 
chairman of tire competitions 
committee, hopes the RFU | 
{mural meeting In July will 
accept, rather than debate, his 
presentation of the new En- 
glish dub championship. This 
will involve three national 
divisions, two area divisions 
representing the north and 
sonth, and beneath that four 
divisions representing the ex- 
feting north. Midlands. Lon- 
don and south-west areas. 

The sub-structure may go 
down as Ear as necessary so 
that any ambitions dob may 
have, its chance to climb, the 
whole being designed to oper- 
ate in the 1987-88 season with 
integration completed by 
1989. “During next season we 
hope to have meetings with ail 
interested parties, dubs, coun- 
ties and divisions to put the 
thing over,” Bishop said 



“We need assistance, we can't 
just sit down and plan a great 
mass nationwide. A lot of tire 
work that was done before, by 
John Bnrgess and Danie 
Serfimtem, Is the same, but the 
fthnaiu is a lot better now. 

There are a lot of middle-order 
dubs who want to go some- 
where, dubs who want a fan- 
system and the Cop dobs see 
the need fire a democratic 

Eric Smith, of OrreU. a 
member of tire competitions 
committee, said: “It's a most 
exdtin^ prospect because 
there mil be a national thread 
running through the whole 
competitive area of tire game 
with automatic promotion and 
relegation at all stages. If yon 
me good enough yon will get 

The national divisions will 
be based on the existing John 
Smith's merit tables, leaving 
the current RFU divisional 
tables with only another sea- 
son of life. It is to be hoped 
that the new structure, incor- 
porating as it will fresh quali- 
fying roles for the John Player 
Special Cup, will do away with 
anomalies which have so fre- 
quently arisen. 

The latest discrepancy in- 
volves the London merit cable, 
won this season by Wasps. 
London Welsh, in eighth 
place, qualified for the first 
round of next season's John 
Player to ornament where?? 
Richmond, one place 
them, go through to the 
round thanks to the MiddL 
Cup — _ whose whiners 
automatically given a 



Had Richmond non 
county cup that migbt\u_>» 
been reasonable. But the^ 
were knocked-oot in the semi- 
finals, only to be treated as 
winners because the other 
three semi-finalists, Saracens 
(the winners). Wasps and 
Harlequins, all qualified by 
finishing in tire top six of the 
merit taWe. 

— P -~Jists in 

the Middlesex Cup contest a 
first-round place in the John 
Player, with Mill Hill (who 
beat Uxbridge at the weekend) 
waiting to see which of Grass- 
hoppers or Metropolitan Po- 
lice they must play for the 

A property managed league 
system is clearly the way 
forward for English rugby 
ralher_ than an amorphous 
collection of merit tables 
which do not lead anywhere. 


r • • : 

•4*\ • * + 
v / - 


operating this season, in the 
north-west and the eastern 
counties, which should slot ' 

neatly into the feeder system 
enraged below divisional tev- 

!LJl ose .2 0 . hB who do' not 
wtsh to participate will not be 
obliged to do so. 

*e retiring 
«««aiY 0 f the RFU said® 
week, that many good English 

in then small ponds. But those 
who wish to swim m laraer 
riw, and those wbolre 
ambitious for them, shoold^be . 
green every encouragement. *£• 

David Hands 

R li sby Correspondent 

More Rugby Union, page 30 



£j* I xSjO