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Both^WRs some bans as Commonwealth anger mounts 

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'"'“•itiM. 51 

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on sanctions 

• Mrs Thatcher looks certain to dash 
with the Commonwealth over her stance 
on sanctions against South Africa ~ 

• Emergency restrictions .. on 119 
organizations opposed to the Pretoria 
Government have been lilted 

• There may be a fall Commonwealth 
conference in September if sanctions 
talks fail this weekend (page 5) 

• The Australian Prime Minister said 
sanctions would be effective only if 

backed by the US and the EEC (page 5) 

n j* 


By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

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The Prime Minister ap- 
peared last night to be heading 
for an almost certain dash 
with Commonwealth leaders 
next week after h was stressed 
that she is determined hot to 
be nished into further sanc- 
tions against South Africa. 

Despite the ‘ conclusion of 
Sir Geoffrey Howe, the For- 
eign and Commonwealth Sec- 
retary. that further measures 
will be necessary after the 
failure of his peace mission to 
southern Africa, it was being 
said after yesterday’s Cabinet 
meeting that Mrs Thatcher is 
ready to give little or nothing 
at the Commonwealth mini- 
summit, which begins in Lon- 
don on -Sunday. 

Whitehall sources said after 
the meeting that the Cabinet 
had reaflkmed its unanimous 
support for the policy of Sir 
Geoffrey and the* Prime Min- 

It was an unusual move, 
undoubtedly taken to mask 
the obvious divisions between 
the Foreign Office and Down- 
ing Street about the desirabil- 
ity of further measures against 
South Africa. 

Sir Geoffrey last night de- 
nied as “fanciful and fantas- 
tic" City reports that he in- 
tended to resign over the issue. 

But there were differing 
versions in Whitehall of what 
had been agreed at yesterday’s 
Cabinet meeting, and- there 
was anger amoqg some min- 
isters at suggestions that: the' 

Cabinet was not in the busi- 
ness of imposing further sanc- 

This is certainly not the 
view held by Sir Geoffrey and 
several otter ministers. The 
Foreign Secretary said last 
night that unless there was 
substantial progress towards a 
negotiated settlement some 
measures would be necessary. 

It was dear, however, that 
the Government did not want 
to reveal its hand in advance 
of the Commonwealth mini- 
summit and that reports sug- 
REsting that there wtQ. be no. 
farther measures were to be 
taken as an initial bargaining 

Mrs -Thatcher last night 
explained the Cabinet’s de- 

Hawke’s advice . 5 

September talks . 5 

Thatcher snab 5 

Letters ' 13 

dsion to the Queen when she 
stayed at the Palace of Holy- 
roodhouse in Edinburgh, be- 
fore her visit- today to the 
Commonwealth Games. . 

Lady Young, Minister of 
State at the Foreign Office, 
said in the Lords that the 
Government was continuing 
to work for a 
settlement in South 

But she was criticized for 
having foiled to elaborate on 
the Government’s line: She 
said' that foe contideratioQ of 

further measures would be on 
the agenda for the mini- 
summit Yesterday’s meeting 
of the Cabinet’s overseas and 
defence committee, which 
preceded the Cabinet meeting 
and at which the main discus- 
sion took place, had before it a 
paper from the Foreign Office 
examining the various options 
for further measures. 

It is likely that they will 
have come to a judgement on 
what further measures may 
eventually be agreed. There is 
still foreign Office support for 
a ban on air links with South 
Africa, an option with some 
attractions because because it 
would take more than a year 
to implement and could be 
wielded as a threat 

.But it was dear after the 
meeting that Mrs Thatcher 
still holds firmly to regarding 
the deadline for consideration 
of fiirther measures to be late 
September, alien the Euro- 
pean Council reconvenes. 

But some ministers believe 
that the Commonwealth will 
be offered something, how- 
ever small, next week. 

Sir Geoffrey's meetings witfr 
the Prime Minister on Wed- 
nesday, when he returned 
from Pretoria, were dearly 
difficuh. He went into them 
knowing that be would havea 
difficult task to convince Mrs 
Thatcher, butte was reliably 
said to have, been in a grim 
mood afterwards. 

Cabinet members leaving 10 Downing Street: dockwise from top left, Mr Peter Walker, 
Mr Kenneth Baker, Lord Whitelaw and Sir Geoffrey Howe (Photographs: Leslie Lee). 

Message of the poll 

Palace-Thatcher rift 
report boosts Labour 

By PhEBp Webster and Mark Dowd 


: v -fJ-S 



( r:ini 

it; i T ‘A i 1 

the good 

Reflections on 
war and the Church, 
by Conor Cruise 
O’Brien, travelling 
in Nicaragua 

more restrictions 

IMniMIchiidHiiraslvA Jdhammklwrg 

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-^Sdd — 

• Tlie Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize of £4,000 was 
shared yesterday 
between two readers: 
Mrs LHancd of 
Sunderland and Mrs 
Tiverton, Devon. 

• Portfolio fist, page 
21; rules and how to 
play, information 
service, page 16. 

• Tomorrow, £12,000 
can be won - £8,000 in 
die weekly 

competition and £4(000 
in the daily. 

Shuttle curb 

President Reagan is being 
urged by his leading space 
advisers to ban commercial 
and foreign satellites from 
future shuttle flights to 
encourage a private rocket 
industry Page 7 

Chess draw 

-The second World Chess 
Chamjiionship game between 
champion Gary Kasparov and 
Anatoly Karpov ended in a 
draw after 52 moves 

Wednesday's play, page 2 



Hone New 2-4 

Law Report 


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Sport 27-3832 
TacatrcsjetC 31 

Crosswords 1&J6 

TV* Radio 






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- -Seven emergency restric- 
tions on the activities of 119 
organizations imposed to the 
Pretoria Government have 
teen lifted by Brigadier Chris 
Swart, the Divisional Com- 
missioner of Police for the 
Weston Cape. 

Orders tensing black pu- 
pils from being ontride their 
classrooms dsriag school 
boars, and praMbiting foe 
retain to the Crossroads 
squatter camp of those whose 
shacks were destroyed in vi- 
ofence there, were also with- 

In the Eastern Cape, Briga- 
dier Ernest Schneder, its ii~ 
visional cranmissioner, has 
rescinded resfrktioas on vari- 
ons organizations, funerals, 
meetings ami school children 
after Aey were declared null 
and void by the supreme coot. 

Meanwhile, foe Divisional 

Witwatersrand, Brigadier 
JJLP. Bekker, yesterday 
lifted a ten on the bolding of 
funerals for unrest victims in 
Alexandra, a Mack stem on 
foe outskirts of Johannesburg. 

This sodden relaxation of 
emergency restrictions seems 
to have teen precipitated by a 
rating of the supreme court in 
Transvaal last Tuesday that 
the power to issae such orders 
could not be delegated to 
divisional police com- 

On foe face of it, Pretoria 
seems to have been caught out 
on a technicality. 

The courts have shown an 
unexpected independence by 
disputing and amraBing the 
regulations implemented since 
the state of emergency was 
declared on June 12, on the 
grounds that they were un- 
clear, unreasonable or ultra 

The Government has suf- 
fered a dramatic loss of sup- 
port in foe wake of foe 
controversy over the alleged 
rift between the Queen and 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher over 
Sorth Africa. 

Labour has shot into a nine- 
point lead since the con- 
troversy surfaced on July 20, ‘ 
according to an opinion poll 
conducted for The Times and 
IpdepeodeRt Television 
News's Chanel. 4 News by 
Market & Opinion Research 

Another big factor m the 
(hop in the Government's 
standing has been growfaqc 
pabik opposition to its, failure 
to taken tougher line ag g in st 
South Africa, the suvey 

The poll, conducted over the 
past two days, put Labour on 
41 per cent, foie Conservatives 
on 32 ate tire Iiheral/SDP 
Alliance on 25 per cent 

This contrasts sharply with 
foe MORI results published 
in The London Standard on 

Tuesday which showed a sin- 
gle-point Labour lead, with 
Labour at 37 per cent, foe 
Conservatives at 36 per cent 
ate foe SDP-libend Affiance 
on 23 per cent. 

When these resirits are 
separated Into those inter- 
views done before the Palace 
controversy broke and those 
afterwards show that about six 

Leading article . 13 

people In 100 shifted first one 
way ate thea the others 

Interviewing done on July 
18 ate 19 showed tire Conser- 
vatives with a 6 per cent lead. 
But it is dear that there were 
special factors at work because 
those interviews were taken 
immediately after foe New- 
castfe-under-Lyme by-election 
which Labour only managed to 
win narrowly, faffing to ftdfil 
general expectations of a 
comfortable victory. 

In the three days after foe 
Palace controversy broke with 
the report in The Sunday 


4-a July 



18-19 July 
Pre-Palace row 

20-22 July 
Post-Paiaca raw 

uonoaa is -22 Jury sfBL as imanuwi 
IB-19 Jutyjna Mnm 20-21 July 

Times of the Queen's alleged 
dismay over Mrs Thatcher's 
South Africa policy MORI 
gave Labour a 6 per cent lead. 

Interviews, on July 20-22 
giving Labour a 6 per cent lead 
appeared therefore to be 
resuming the trend shown in a 
poll early in the month, giving 
Labour a 5 per cent lead. 

Public dissatisfaction with 
the Government's position on 
South Africa has been growing 
steadily.' • : - . 

In a poll last November 42 
per. ceut thought the 
Government’s policy was not 
tough enough. In May. this 
figure had risen to 46 per cent 
but in foe poll token on 
Wednesday ate yesterday foe 
figure had soared to 56 per 

• Faced with the question of 
whether they approved of spe- 
cific measures designed to pat 
pressure on the South African 
government, a plurality of 
respondents said they would 
only approve of a mid to new 
investment by British compa- 
nies. A complete ban on trade,- 
air ate sporting links were all 
decisively rejected. 

The message appears to be 
that the public generally want 
tougher action 

Public opinion on tire effi- 
cacy of economic sanctions is 
evenly divided. Forty-six per 
cent believed they would not 
help bring an end to apartheid 
compared with 44 per cent who 
said they would. 

However, the underiyt _ 
trend compared with other 

Continued on page 2 

Rate rebels lose court fight 

Forty-seven rebel coun- 
cillors in Liverpool, disquali- 
fied from office and ordered to 
pay a £106,103 surcharge for 
delaying setting a rate, lost 
their plea for survival in foe 
Conn of Appeal yesterday. 

Lord Justice Lawton, sitting 
with Lord Justice Dillon and 
Lord Justice Woolf; unani- 
mously upheld foe ruling of 
the Divisional Court in March 
that the councillors were 
guilty of wilful misconduct by 
toiling to set a rate for 1 985-86 
before the government 

The Divisional Court had 
dismissed appeals by foe then 

of the district auditor, 
Thomas McMahon, saying 

that they ted used their 
refusal as a weapon to weaken 
the resistance of the Govern- 
ment and ted disobeyed the 
law foran invalid reason. Two 
of the councillors have since 

Lord Justice Lawton told 
the packed court that the 
councillors believed that the 
Secretary of State would make 
mote money ^ available to 
avoid “financial chaos" in 

He added that it was in- 
conceivable that they could' 
believe foe central 1 govern- 
ment would make more 
money available. 

The councillors claimed 
that they believed they were 
acting within the law. 

Lord Justice Lawton said 
that the feet they were pursu- 
ing a “political objective was 
not a valid excuse for not 
performing their statutory 

“They ted all chosen to 
stand together, they all acted 
wreckletey in delaying setting, 
a rate and all were guilty of 
wilful misconduct" 

The councillors were or- 
dered to pay the estimated 
£100,000 costs of the hearing. 
They were given leave to 
appeal to the House of Lords. 

Outside the court Mr Tony 
Mulbeam, former 'Liverpool 
District Labour Party presi- 
dent said; “We are pro- 
foundly despondent at the 

Coe departs as Cram 
and Ovett win gold 

By John Goodbody, Sports News Correspondent 

Steve Cram and Steve Ovett 
won gold medals at the 13th 
Commonwealth Games in Ed- 
inburgh yesterday while their 
great English rival Sebastian 
Coe returned home suffering 
from a throat infection. 

In the absence of Coe, the 
world record holder. Cram 
easily won the 800 metres in ' 
lmin 43.22sec, a UK all com- 
ers record. Tom McKean, of 
Scotland, was second. Cram 
was disappointed that Coe 
was unable to nm in foe final. 
He $ai± “If Seb bad competed 
it would have been a hoDow 
victory over him". 

Ovett, the 1980 Olympic 

800 metres champion, ted his 
first victory in an inter- 
national championship for 
five years at his new distance 
of 5,000 metres. He finished 
ahead of England’s Jack Buck- 
ner. Ovett who collapsed with 
dehydration in the Los An- 
geles Games said afterwards: 
“If I had not won today people 
would have written me off". 

Tessa Sanderson, the Olym- 
pic women's javelin title 
holder, defeated Fatima Whit- 
bread for the first time since 
Los Angeles with a throw of 
59.80 metres- 

Cram'S show upstaged, page 32 
Games reports, page 29 

Power profit 
could mean 
lower prices 

Electricity pices should re- 
main stable or even fell 
following the announcement 
yesterday of a £414 million net 
profit by the Electricity Coun- 
cfl in the year to March 31. 

Sir Philip Jones, chairman, 
said electricity prices ted 
fallen in real terms over foe 
past five years by about 10 per 

The new five-year deal to 
buy cheaper coal from British 
Coal offered “immediate and 
long term price advantages" 
for foe industry's 21 million 
customers, he added. 

The council made an 
operating profit of £944. mil- 
lion. Detoils, page 17 

Ceremonial Rock guard ends 

Ending a tradition 
back to the 1730s, foe 
Government yesterday un- 
expectedly withdrew the cere- 
monial military gsard posted 
at the frontier separating 
Gibraltar from Spain. 

It said that foe post was no 
longer considered appropriate 
between Enropeau Cynsinnnity 
members ate Nato allies. 

Since Spain lifted restric- 
tions in 1985 the sma rt guard 
standing firm in foe summer 
sun by pofished brass cannons 
has been a tourist attraction. 
Under a British flag, his 
gnanffionse is five yards from 
Spanish soft. 

The flag has teen lowered 
and raised as foe guards 

From Dominic Searie, Gibraltar 
changed much tothefesch)a- 
tioo T Spaniards ate admira- 
tion of foe British, but to foe 
Gibraltarians foe move Is 
inevitably anabolic. 

The British had disputed 
the placing of foe frontier with 
Spain since foe Treaty of 
Utrecht fa 1713 ate. mote 
recently General Franco was 
keen to draw a distinction' 
between sovereignty over the 
rity and that of the airport . 
which s ep a rat e s it from foe 
frontier post 

In Gibraltarian eyes a Brit- 
ish guard has always meant a 
firm line is (finding foe 

Galled back from his holi- 
day mi the Costa del SoL, Sir 

Joshua Hassan, Chief Min- 
ister of Gibraltar, revealed 
that he had been informed of 
foe move beforehand. 

His only concern lay in foe 
interpretation that might be 

S 'ven locally, particularly if 
e Spanish military guard is 
not similarly withdrawn in a 
reciprocal more. 

Much Ministry of Defence 
late has recently been handed 
over to the Gibraltar Govern- 
ment, the dockyard is no 
longer naval, there are dis- 
cussions over Joint rise of 
Gibraltar airport with Spain. 

AH these to Gibraltarians 
are signs which add to their 
fears that one day foe British 
could leave. .. 

City brings in 
£7.6 billion 
from overseas 

By Our City Staff 

The City earned £7.6 billion 
for the national purse last 
year, 1 1 per cent more than in 
the previous year, the Trea- 
sury said yesterday. 

The figure - for net in- 
visible overseas earnings — 
was 40 per cent higher than in 

The performance repre- 
sented well over half the £12 
billion total earned on 
invisibles .by. the private 

Bankers have lost their po- 
sition as top earners for the 
City which they won the 
previous year, felling from 23 
billion to £2.1 billion. 

Mass pickets 
at Wapping 

By Tim Jones 

Mass picketing at Mr Ru- 
pert Murdoch's News Inter* 
national plant at Wapping, 
east London, was banned by 
the High Court yesterday. 

The two main print unions 
were ordered by Mr Justice 
Stuart-Smith to limit to six the 
number of their pickets out- 
side the plant and at other 
premises owned by the 

The judge made the order 
after stating there was 
“overwhelming evidence" 
that employees who passed 
the pickets and daily dem- 
onstrators were almost invari- 
ably subjected to abuse and 

There had been, he said, 
“more sinister behaviour” 
away from the plant. Some 
employees had been assaulted 
on joining or leaving company 
buses at pick-up or dropping- 
off points. 

“Others have been fol- 
lowed, abused, threatened, put 
in fear and molested. Several 
have had their cars vandalized 
at home or ted their houses 
daubed with (he word ‘scab’.” 

He added: “One bad a skip 
with four yards of earth, a 
wreath with the words in 
loving memory of X'. (and 
then his name). Yet others 
have' been rung at night, 
abused and threatened.” 

The judge said that apart 
from six pickets who may 
attend at the gate at Wapping 
for “obtaining or 
communicating" information, 
the defendants may not or- 
ganize pickets or dem- 
onstrators to be stationed in 
any of three roads which skirt 
the plant. 

But he gave the unions the 
right to organize inarches and 
rallies to and at Wapping 
provided they were subjected 
to the direction of the police 
and conducted properly. 
Marchers, he said, should go 
into a square opposite the 
main entrance to the plant and 
should not obstruct roads or 
behave in a threatening, abu- 
sive or violent manner. 

Mr Justice Stuart-Smith 
had been asked to grant 
injuqctionsjmnning the print 
-unions Sogat ‘82 and the 
National Graphical Associ- 
ation, plus named officials, 
from staging anything but a 
peaceful picket of six people at 
the plant where The Times, 
The Sunday Times. The Sun 
and foe News of the World are 

He had also been asked to 
curb wbat News International 
claimed was unlawful picket- 
ing. marches and demonstra- 
tions at other premises owned 
by foe company. 

He was, be said, satisfied 
that foe plaintiffs would suc- 
ceed m their action at trial. “I 
see no reason why foe 
plaintiffs* employees should 
be abused, harassed, threat- 
ened or assaulted on foe way 
to or from work.” 

Mr Justice Stuart-Smith 
added: “Nothing in the release 

1 propose to grant is intended 
to stop peaceful picketing. 
And to suggest that foe grant- 
ing of an injunction is a 
restraint on foe freedom of 
speech is a complete nonsense. 

“Freedom of speech has 
never extended to intimida- 
tion, abuse and threats di- 
rected at those going about 
their lawful business. 

“Equally, there is no reason 
why the defendants cannot 
hold marches and rallies pro- 
vided these are peaceful and 
properly controlled and do not 
deteriorate into violence, as- 
sault and nuisance.” 

Mr Justice Stuart-Smith 
said it was not suggested that 
the defendants or those in 
authority in the unions con- 
doned such behaviour, still 
less encouraged it- They con- 

Law Report 


demned it, he said, and it was 
against that background that 
foe threats and abuse on the 
picket line had to been seen. 

He added: “It is said on 
behalf of the defendants that 
most of those who are respon- ' 
sible for this deplorable vi- 
olence are not members of 
their unions, but members of 
what has been called the 
lunatic fringe, groups of peo- 
ple who sieze upon an indus- 
trial dispute as an opportunity 
to attack the police. No doubt 
this is so. But equally it is dear 
to my mind that not in- 
substantial numbers of those 
so involved are members of 
one or another of the unions 

In his two-and-a-half-hour 
reserved judgement, Mr Jus- 
tice Stuart-Smith outlined the 
background to the dispute, 
stating that in January this 
year Mr Rupert Murdoch, 
chairman of News Inter- 
national. was recorded as 
stating that foe industry had 
worked for many years with 
three times as many people as 
were necessary to do foe work 
at wages between twice and 
five times foe national 

Referring to foe background 
of the dispute, which came to 
a bead in January this year, 
foe judge said foe unions had 
refused company proposals on 
new technology, flexible work- 
ing and the abandonment of 
rigid demarcation lines. The 
unions counter-claimed with 
demands of guaranteed jobs 
until retirement age and auto- 
matic pay rises. 

In mid-Januaiy, foe judge 
said, the two unions balloted 
their members on industrial 
action and received substan- 
tial majorities. Next day, Mr 
Murdoch had written to every 
individual urging them to stay 
at work. But foe unions took 
strike action and were served 
with dismissal notices. “The 
battle lines were set” 

It was, he said, in dispute 
whether or not foe daily 

Continued on page 16, col 8 





***■£* * St 

Labour’s plans 
would push 
tax to 53p in 
£ says Tory 

By Sheila Gunn, Political Staff 

The Government inten- 
sified its attack ou Labour’s 
spending programme yes- 
terday. claiming it would push 
income tax to 53p in the 
pound or value-added tax to 
43 percent. 

Mr John MacGregor, chief 
secretary to the Treasury, took 
advantage of concern among' 
Labour's own supporters to 
reopen his correspondence 
with Mr Roy Hatteirsley, the 
shadow Chancellor, on pre- 
dicted costs. 

Mr MacGregor forecasted 
that in a foil year the costs of 
Labour’s policies bad risen 
from £24 billion last Feb- 
ruary, to more than £28 bil- 
lion. He said if pledges made 

by Mr Michael Meacher, 

low Social Services Sec- 
retary, were included, the final 
cost would be £35 billion. 

Mr MacGregor said in his 
letter to Mr Hattersley: “To 
finance a programme on this 
scale would require an in- 
crease in the basic rale of 
income tax to 53p in the 
pound, or, if you are not 
prepared to do it that way, in 
VAT to at least 43 per cent. 
This is dearly insupportable. 1 
assume that you will now be 
making dear which items you 
would propose to drop." 

Labour's National Exec- 
utive Committee decided ear- 
lier this week to delete some 
references to the losers and 
miners in its Programme for 
Progress paper. The document 
no longer includes claims that 
the richest 20 per cent would 
lose under Labour's plans 
while others would gain. The 
richest had been described as 
those earning more than 
£27,000 a year. 

Some leading Labour back 
benchers suggested yesterday 

that an independent audit of 
Labour's plans would help to 
discredit the Government's 
"scare mongering tactics" 
about big tax or VAT rises. 

Mr MacGregor’s list of 
Labour’s promises included; 

• £1,460 million on overseas 

• £3,250 million for a 35- 
hour week; 

• £3,130 million on new 

• £3,100 million in child 
benefits and pension rises; 

• £3,000 million on early 

• £1,000 million for expand- 
ing public services; 

• £1,450 million on 

• £1,940 million on educa- 
tion throughout life plans; 

• £750 million on training for 
the unemployed; 

• £470 million for increases 
in student grants; 

• £320 million on free TV 
licences for pensioners; 

• £5,020 million for increases 
in supplementary benefits; 

• £110 million for doubling 
the Christmas bonus. 

He added details of when 
and where each pledge was 

Mr Hattersley replied to Mr 
MacGregor: “Your letters 
grow increasingly ally. As you 
know the Shadow Cabinet has 
agreed a firm framework for 
public exppditure setting out 
our priorities for reductions in 
unemployment and poverty. 
Your fantasy figures convince 

He launched his own 
counter-attack -by accusing Mr 
Nigel Lawson, Chancellor the 
the Exchequer, of saying and 
doing nothing, while his col- 
leagues had been busy 
“falsifying" Labour’s plans. 





By Edward Townsend 
Industrial Correspondent 

The lights would go out all 
over Britain if nuclear power 
stations were dosed by a 
future government, Lord Mar- 
shall, chairman of the Central 
Electricity Generating Board, 

said yesterday. 

At the same time, he said, ft 
was urgent for the board to 
build power stations, coal or 
unclear, in die south of En- 
gland to avoid a saturation Of 
power transmission system 
from the North. 

Commenting ou the Labour 
Party's plan to phase oat older 
unclear stations and to dose 
Sizewel! B, Lord Marshall 
said: “If a future government 
instructed ns to dose down an 
nuclear power stations within 
a short period of time, we could 
not maintain secure supplies 
of electricity to the nation. The 
tights, literally, would go out." 

Lord Marshall's remarks 
came at a press conference in 
London to amumce the 
electricity industry's 1985-86 
net profit of £414 mflHnn. The 
CEGB alone made a net profit 
of £141 million. 

Lord Marshall said some 
people were so disturbed by 
the Chernobyl amdent in the 
Soviet Unton that they were 

falling for the BmMb** do- 

of Britain's endear 

But be was certain that the 
Soviet design could not be 
built or licensed in the LTK. 

“If we were givena instruc- 
tion to phase oat nuclear 
power at the fastest rate 
consistent with retaining se- 
cure electricity supplies* it 
would take ns about 20 years," 

he said. 

Demand for electricity in 
the South had risen so mnch 
that the seven north-south 
transmission fines, capable of 
carrying 10,000 MW, would 
soon be saturated. Load Mar- 
shall said. 

Deutschland, the West Ger- 
man naval training ship, 
passingmider Tower Bridge to 
bertii ssfeagsiife HMS Betiast 
hi a precision-timed operation 

The 4,850-tonne ship, on a 
four-day courtesy visit to Lon- 
don, is on the last stage of a 
five-month toor to 10 countries 
in Africa, South America and 

It has a crew of 430 officers 
and men, including 125 mid- 
shipmen undergoing training. 

Graham Wood). 

Prison officers set 

to lose overtime pay 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

Prison officers* overtime 
pay, a major cause of disrup- 
tion in the prison service, 
would be abolished under 
plans released yesterday. 

Thirty per cent of officers’ 
pay is derived from overtime 
and in many cases it is higher, 
a prison service booklet, A 
Fresh Start, says. 

During 1985-86, the average 
risen officer's pay was 
15,000 a year, while the 
highest overtime earner re- 
ceived £27,000 and 100 offi- 
cers at Brixton earned more 
than £20,000. 

Maiming levels, which are 
bound up with overtime work- 
ing, repeatedly cause disputes 
and it is hoped that a reformed 

S of service will remove 


Officers would get higher 
rates of basic pay, and over- 
time would be replaced by a 
system of contracted horns. 
The working week would 
probably be between 46 and 
52 hours. 

Management accepts that 
pay levels would have to take 
account of present average 
earnings- | 

IRA threat 

By Richard Ford 

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Work on rebuilding a 
bomb-damaged police station 
in Enniskillen, Co Fermanagh 
Northern Ireland, halted yes- 
terday as contractors left the 
site after Provisional IRA 
death threats. 

Union officials fear more 
companies will leave other 
security force bases, bringing 
job losses in the construction 

Mr Terry Carlin, northern 
officer of the Irish Congress of 
Trades Unions, has already 
called for greater police 
protection and a special unit 
to be set up to deal with the 

The latest threat was issued 
after the ftovisfonal IRA 
killed Mr John Kyle, aged 40, 
abusinessman from Omagh, 
Go Tyrone, on Wednesday. 

Since last year the Pro- 
visional IRA has killed four 
businessmen for allegedly 
working for the security forces 
and shot dead another man in- 
a case of mistaken identity. 

World chess championship 

Action explodes in 
final few moments 

Playing the White pieces in 
the second game of their 
World Title Match at Lon- 
don’s Park Lane Hotel, world 
champion Gary Kasparov 
pressed bard for a win. Hie 
opening was a popular vari- 
ation of the Nimzowitsch- 
Indian Defence, introduced 60 
years ago in grandmaster the- 
ory by the Latvian genuis 
Aron Nimzowitsch. 

In spite of early simplifica- 
tion involving the exchange of 
queens, bishops and rooks, 
Kasparov maintained a slight 
advantage in terrain. As the 
dose of the session ap- 
proached Kasparov had a 
more active knight and con- 
trol of the open “c file” with 
his remaining rook. 

Grandmaster opinion dif- 
fered as to whether the situa- 
tion was a simple draw or 
whether Kasparov could con- 
tinue to strive for victory. Asa 
counter-balance to Kasparov's 
control of space, Karpov’s 
king was defensively well- 
placed in the centre of the 
board. But in the final few 
minutes of the session the 
position exploded into action. 

Kasparov penetrated with 
his rook into the heart of 
Karpov’s fortress; the result 
was that Kasparov won a 
pawn and now enjoys the dear 
advantage of two connected 
passed pawns on the queen's 
flank. Karpov seated his 41st 
move and still had chances to 
resist when play resumed 

Mr Florencio Campo- 
manes. President of FIDE, the 
World Chess Federation, said 
that he would not be releasing 
any portion of FIDFs share of 
the prize fopd for the victim's 
of the Chernobyl nuclear 
catastrophe. Mr Cam po manes 

said the question of the 
Chernobyl donation is an 
internal Soviet problem. 

The world record prize rand 
of £610,000, of which the 
former GLC provided 
£300,000. has already been 
pledged by Kasparov and 
Karpov to go to the Chernobyl 
Relief Fund. 

Spectators crowded into the 
ballroom of the Park Lane 
Hotel and the overflow of 300 
more towards The Times 
commentary room, where 
Dutch Grandmaster Genna 
Sosonko explained moves. 

Moves in the second game 
between defending champion 
Gary Kasparov (White) and 

challenger Anatoly Karpov: 
d4 Nft. 2 c4 e6, 3 Nc3 Bb4. 4 

NO cS. 5 g3 Nc6. 6 Bg2d5, 7 
cxd5 Nxd5, 8 Bd2 cxd4, 9 
Nxd4 Nxd4, 10 Nxd5 Bxd2 
ch, 1 1 Qxd2 Nc6, 12 Nf4Qxd2 
eft 13 Kxd2 Bd7. 14 Rhcl 
Ke7, 15 Nd3 Rhc8. 16 NcS 
Rab8, 17 Rc3 Nd8, 18 Racl 
Bc6, 19 Nd3 Bd7, 20 Ne5 
Rxc3, 21 Rxc3 Be8, 22 Mafr. 
23 Bc4 h6, 24 a3 ft, 25 Nd3 
Bc6, 26 Bxc6 Nxc6, 27 Nc5 
Ne5, 28 f4 Nd7, 29 Nb3 Kd6, 
30 e4 g5, 31 Kc3 e5, 32 fit g5, 
ficgS, 33 Na5 g4, 34 Rc2 h5, 35 
Rcl b6, 36 Rc6 ch Ke7. 37 
Nc4 Rf8, 38 Ke2 Rf3, 39 Ne3 
Nft, 40 Rxb6 Nxe4, 41 Rxa6 

Hebden and Watson 
lead British contest 

By Harry Golombek 

At the end of round three of 
the Klein wort Grieveson Brit- 
ish Chess Championship in 
Southampton, the lead was 
shared by Mark Hebden and 
William Watson on three 

Eight players are tied for 
third, among them' Murray 
Chandler, James Flaskett and 
Jonathan MesteL The 1985 
British champion, Jonathan 
Speelman, lost to Michael 

The dash between Mark 

Hebden and Glenn Flear was 
the most exciting game of the 
day. Hebden sacrificed a 
knight and obtained a useful 
position which led to a win- 
ning endgame, with rook mid 
three pawns against bishop 
and knight. 

The women’s contest is led 
by Susan Arkdl, from Droit- 
wich, with three points fol- 
lowed by Corry Vreeken, The 
Netherlands, and Naidu Nir- 
mala, India, each with 2% 
points. • ■ ■ 

Message of the poll 

Palace ‘rift’ boosts Labour 

Confined from page 1 

recent polls Is Oat opinion is 
lemming more sharply fo- 
cused, the British public has 
firmer views on the subject 
than ever before. 

Although nearly two thirds 
of those interviewed said that 
Mrs Thatcher should not con- 
tinue with her present policies, 

she b still man ag in g to carry 
Tory supporters with her, just. 

Fifty-two per cent off those 
fotendiiig to vote Conservative 
said they should continue with 
her present policies, even ff 
they result In the tweak-up of 
the Commonwealth. 

Furthermore, over two 
thirds off respondents said 
their sympathies were with the 
Made population of Sooth 
Africa. That is in*' marked 
contrast to the public’s percep- 
tions of the Prime JVfinister’s 
feelings. Sixty-four per cent 
believe her sympathies are 
with the Botha government. 

The figures reveal consid- 
erable public attachment to 
the Commonwealth, with 59 
per cent saying that the in- 
stitution is important or very 
important for Britain’s stand- 
ing in world politics, rising to 
71 per cent for its importance 
to Britain’s overseas trade. 

More people^) per cent, 
think Britain’s future should 
rest mainly with the Common- 
wealth than four years ago 
when the Mori poll for the 
BBC gave the figure of 21 per 

Perhaps the most signifi- 
cant statistic here though is 
the figure for Europe which 
has gone up five points to 32 
per cent compared with the 
1982 figure. 

Mori interviewed 1 ,045 adults 
aged 18 and over at 53 constit- 
uency points in Great Britain on 
July 30/3I, - 1986. 

Figures are percentages 

Do you think the future of 
Britain should rest mainly with 
the Commonwealth, with the 
USA. with Europe or with none 
of them? 

Commonwealth . 29 

USA 6 

Europe 32 

None 24 

Don’t know 9 

Too tough 10 

Not tough enough 54 

Akmtilght 26 

Don’t know 10 

If the Commonwealth were to 
break up, how concerned do 

(a) You personally would be? 
(bj Mrs Thatcher would be? 

^ . W 0>) 

Concerned 54 44 

Not concerned 44 47 

Don’t know . 2 9 

How important would you say 
the Commonwealth is to us 
today in terms of : 

(a) Our standing in world 

(b) Overseas trade? 

„ (a) <b) 

Very important 23 31 

Important 36 40 

Not Important 36 23 

Don’t know 4 $ 

Here are some proposals that 
different people have made for 
putting pressure on South Africa 
and its apartheid policy. Do you 

S iu approve/disapprove the 
I lowing proposals: 

(a) An end to new investment by 
British companies in South 

(b) A ban on aircraft flying 
between Britain and South 

(c) A ban on all sporting links 
between Britain and South 

(d) A complete ban on trade 
between Britain and South 

W <b> (c) (d) 
Approve 49 32 21 34 

Disapprove 40 60 75 57 

Don’t Know 11 8 4 9 

Are you satisfied or dissatisfied 
with the way Mrs Thatcher has 
handled Government policies 
towards South Africa? 

Satisfied 25 

Dissatisfied 65 

Don’t know ' 10 

Do you think that if Britain and 
other countries impose eco- 
nomic sanctions on South Af- 
rica. this wuld help bring 
apartheid to an end or not? 
Would help 44 

Would not help 46 

Don’t know 10 

Do you 

In the South African situation, 
do you think, (a) Your sym- 
pathies; 00 Mrs Thatcher’s sym- 
pathies; lie more with the black 
population or more with the 
white- South African 
Government? ■ 

think Mrs Thatcher 
— continue with her 
present policies on South Africa, 
even if this means the break-up 
of the Commonwealth, or not? 
Should continue 27 

Should not w nH n n> . 62 

Don’t know . u 

Black population 67 11 

White gov ernm ent 15 64 

Don’t know 18 25 

Do you think that the British 
Government’s policy towards 
South Africa is too lough, not 
tough enough or about right? 

H<pw much, if at ail. do you 
think the British Government's 
policies towards South Africa 
should be influenced by the 
Queen's views on the 

A great deal 28 

A fair amount 33 

Not very much 12 

Not at all 23 

Don’t know 4 

All gas, no wine waiters 

An office complex fa south 
London named Marcopoto to 
«ive it an image of exploring 
ie future is to be die site of 
The Observer ’s attempt to 
iriag in new newspaper tech- 
nology against the . possible 
apposfrfoa of the traditional 
printing unions. 

■ It is overlooked by gasom- 
eters, amain railway fine and a 
disused power station, is for 
from centres of public power 
and Influence and from 
journalistic amenities such as 
public houses, and presents a 
soft target for pickets. 

. Tbe consolation prize Is that 

it Is to be faced with a 
revolutionary rhuMm- m . 
tofol called Neoparies which 
although made of glass looks 
like marble and is stranger. 

As revealed in The Times 

• By Michael McCarthy 

J es terday, The Observer plans 
to move from its present 
offices m St Andrew’s Hill in 
the City of London next 
spring, dispensing with dm 
services of more than 500 
jwmben of the National 
Graphical Association in the 
Process, and possibly using 
°* Mr Eddie 
Shahs Today, fa which 
Lonrho, The Observed own- 
ers, already have a 36 per cent 

ness Centre, to give it its foil 
name, atthongh its builders 
insist on calling .it amply 
Marcopoto, Is a three-andb** 
han acre development in 
Battersea bousing sum light 
industry and np to four sets of 
offices on what was formerly a 
maintenance depot for the 
National Freight Corporation. 

. Braiding workers oo tire site 
to ^Queenstown Road yes* 

Although the other printing 
issoa Sogat 82 will keep some 
jobs it is considered unlikely 
that either muon will happily 
acquiesce In the new arrange- 

Mto especially if tie pnnte 
of the paper does indeed move 
to Tomy< where neither k 

was scheduled as The 
Observer’s offices and even 
radicated their precise foeMfon 
in the complex’s B Mode at 
the southern end. Thk will 
conrist ofa gromd, memnine 

told first Boor. The drawiujes 
for the bonding showthatna 
Printing hall is planned, thus 

capfl r m win 

The Chelsea Bridse ftrf. printing off 

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Manual workers suffer 
high premature death 
as health gap widens 

Working class men are 
more prone to premature 
death frdm heart disease, lung 
cancer and strokes than white- 
collar workers, and unemploy- 
ment may be an important 
factor, according to medical 

The health gap is widening 
between the c las se s , the 
researchers said m the latest 
issue of The Lancet^ published 
today. “It is possible that 
worsening unemployment, 
selectively affecting manual 
occupations, causes a true rise 

in mortality of manual • cal statistician at the Office of 
occupations relative to non- Population Censuses and Sur- 

raanual occupations." 

But they said that un- 
employment alone does not 
entirely explain the worse 
position of manual workers. 
The widening . income . rap 
between' classes, and other 
factors such as smoking, diet, 
alcohol and environmental 
and- occupational hazards, 
should be considered. 

The research, by Professor 
Michael Marmot, of Univer- 
sity College London, a roedi- 

veys, shows that the relative 
disadvantage of manual to 
non-man uaj classes has in- 
creased since the early 1970s 
in all deaths, including those 
from coronary heart disease; 

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ffl and Wats® 
British contest 

Authorities ‘unready 
for poison epidemic’ 

, ‘ By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

Most health authorities in 
England could not cope with 
an oatbreak of food poisoning, 
and hare not learned from the 
Stanley Royd Hospital epi- 
demic m Wakefield two years 
ago, a survey reveals. 

A pnbUc inquiry into die 
Wakefield case, which 
claimed 19 fives and left 
hundreds of patients ID, urged 
authorities to prepare contin- 
gency plans. Bat most do not 
have a written plan of action, 
or have lacomplete or inad- 
equate proposals, the survey 

“The resistance to such 
p lanning suggests that most 
authorities would be unable to 
deal with outbreaks efficiently 
or effectively," conclude the 
doctors vrho conducted the 
survey, published in the Brit- 
ish Medical Journal today. 

Dr Roger Battery and Dr 
Mokesh Kapila, of Cambridge 
Health Authority's depart- 
ment of c ommun ity medidne, 
asked the general managers of 
all 192 district health authori- 
ties if they had made contin- 
gency plans for a serious 

Of the 131 whose answers 
were analysed, 83 did not have 
plans, and only half said plans 
were bein£ prepared. Of 29 

plans stained, only three were 

considered to be reasonably 

Most were “seriously defic- 
eadent” with vague objectives 
or procedures, and some were 
nearly ten years old. “This 
implies that the lessons of 
Stanley Boyd Hospital have 
not been learned," the doctors 

The reasons given by some 
of the managers “typify the 
smug attitude of some senior 
members of staff, an attitude 
that was severely criticized by 
the of inquiry,'' 

they say. 

The doctors point out that 
there have been big increases 
in cases of food poisoning in 
recent years, with hospitals 
accounting for about one third 
of all outbreaks of salmonella 
poisoning outside the home. 

They believe plans of action 
need to be drawn np to avoid a 
public health i 

lung cancer and cerebrovascu- 
lar disease. ; 

' Regional 1 differences In 
deaths from heart disease 
persist, with manua l workers 
in Wales the only group in 
Britain to record a fell in the 
death rate. In every other 
region, bean disease mortality 
has declined in non-manual 

The researchers compared 
death rates between 1979-83 
with those of 1970-72. Among 
women, they found that 
deaths from lung cancer and 
heart disease had Mien in 
non-manual classes, but in- 
creased in manual classes. 

Another study in The Lan- 
cet . into alcohol-related ad- 
missions to a London general 
hospital, shows that Scottish, 
Irish and Polish patients form 
a higher than average percent- 
age. More than half of all the 
patients concerned were a yrf 
between 14 and 40, and 70 per 
cent were men. 

“Country of birth is dearly 
an important factor in the 
pattern of alcohol-related ad- 
missions. People of southern 
Irish and Scottish extraction 
constitute one-third of all such 
admissions, although they 
form only 10 per cent of the 
population," the researchers 
at the Whittington Hospital, 
north London, said. 

A possible explanation for 
the fogh Irish, percentage was 
that many Irish immigrants, 
often unskilled workers, set- 
tled in inner city areas where 
social isolation and environ- 
mental factors may contribute 
to increased drinking. 

after leaks 
at firm 

A loyal secretary was dis- 
missed after she leaked details 
of a secret ..boardroom account 
used to fund luxury holidays 
for live film company direc- 
tors, it was said at an indus- 
trial tribunal. -in. London, 

Miss Elizabeth Byford^ged 
40. passed on information 
about the hidden account to 
minority shareholders in Him 
Finances Ltd, a London 

The tribunal was also told 
that more than £60,000 was 
paid from the account into a 
company owned by a woman 
friend of the managing direc- 
tor, Mr Richard Soames. 

But the tribunal heard that 
acting on the information 
received, shareholders served 
a High Court writ on the 
directors, who then dismissed 
Miss Byford from her £40,000 
a year job. 

Miss Byford of Putney HOI, 
Putney, south London, is 
claiming unfair dismissal by 
the company, which is based 
in prestigious Berkeley 

The tribunal beard that the 
five directors staged a board- 
room. coup in October 1982, 
ousting the company's 
founder and chairman Mr 
Bobby Garrett after secretly 
buying up 37 per cent of the 

Mr Garrett, who died from 
cancer three weeks later, had 
given Miss Byford her job 20 
years ago, and the tribunal 
heard she was “incensed" at 
the takeover. 

When she found out about 
the account, she told her 
former employer and other 
shareholders, who called in 
management consultant Ste- 
phen HilL 

: “She did the obvious thing. 
She turned to her chairman 
because she had no alter- 
native. You are dealing with a 
board of directors who are 
alleged to have been in a 
conspiracy," Mr Hill told the 

Mr Soames, aged 50, of St 
Margaret's Bay, Kent, told the 
tribunal that trips to Los 
Angeles and Tanpers were 
“purely for business." 

The directors now face an 
action in the High Court taken 
out by minority shareholders. 
The hearing was adjourned 
until Monday. 

Teacher anger at 
‘use as pawns’ 

By Mark Dowd 

The leader of the Labour- son said: “For some of those 

led local authority employers 
was accused yesterday of 
“wishing to use teachers as 
pawns in the general election 
game". . 

Mr Peter Dawson, general 
secretary of one of Britain's 
fastest - growing teaching ' 
unions, - made the" accusation' 
during a speech at the Pro- 
fessional Association of 
Teachers annual conference in 
Manchester, four days after 
signing the new teachers’ pay 
and conditions deaL 

He said that Mr John 
Peatman. the employers' lead-, 
er at the weekend Ac as talks, 
bad deliberately floated an 
unrealistic £4.5 billion to 
union representatives without 
even consulting other mem- 
bers of the management team. 

Mr Dawson said that after 
the ensuing confusion. Sir 
John Wood, chairman of the 
Acas panel, eventually de- 
cided that matters had got out 
of hand and a fresh start tothe 
talks was ordered. The es- 
timated cost of the final 
package is £2.9 billion. 

In a dear reference to Mr 
Peatman's actions. Mr Daw- 

involved in the Acas proceed- 
ings the aim is not so much to 
settle teachers' pay as to settle 
Thatcher’s hash." 

- His comments are certain to 
cast a cloud over future dis- 
cussions between unions and 
employers. Although the ques- 
tions of cover for absent 
colleagues and non-contact 
time for primary teachers 
have been agreed in principle, 
specific details of the new 
teaching regime have still to 
be decided. 

Mr Dawson said that with- 
out government resources the 
Coventry agreement would 
“collapse like a house of! 

• The union called on the 
Government to give schools 
an absolute right to exclude 
permanently disruptive pupils 
(the Press Association 

The conference voted 
overwhelmingly to urge min- 
isters to toughen the Educa- 
tion Bill, which allows schools 
a right of appeal only if the 
local education authority in- 
sists that a pupil be reinstated. 

Embassy ‘scourge’ to 
head Birkbeck battle 

By Mark Ellis 

Dr Tessa Blackstone; for- 
mer scourge of the Foreign 
Office as a member of the 
Central Policy Review Staff in 
the Cabinet Office, is to lead a 
campaign to secure the future 
of Brrkbeck College, London. 

The appointment of Dr 
Blackstone as Master of Birk- 
beck, the only college in 
Britain to specialize in part- 
time degree courses for adults, 
is seen as a spirited move to 
counter grant cuts which have 
led to a college cash crisis. 

Dr Blackstone, aged 43, who 
is clerk and director of educa- 
tion at the Inner London 
Education Authority, said yes- 
terday that her priorities in- 
cluded improving funding, 
and marketing the institution. 

She said: “Obviously I hope 
the College will have a a higher 
profile in London in terras of 
serving the community. One 
of the things I hope to take up 
is developing a relationship 
with major employers, both 
private and public, to meet 

their training needs and to get 
financial support.” 

Dr Blackstone, who will 
take up her appointment next 
year, hopes to negotiate a 
waiving of the usual entry 
qualifications to allow more 
students access 

She also hopes to persuade 
the University Grants Com- 
mittee and London Univer- 
sity to alter their funding 
formulae to prevent the col- 
lege losing £1.6 million from 
its £7.7 million budget within 
four years. 

Dr Blackstone. a former 
lecturer at the London School 
of Economics and a professor 
of education administration at 
the University of London 
Institute of Education, ruffled 
establishment feathers in the 
1970s as an adviser to the 
Cabinet’s “Think Tank". 

She was dubbed the “dark- 
eyed, evil genius" by the 
Foreign Office for her part m a 
review which led to 280 
recommendations highly criti- 
cal of spending in embassies. 

Mr Robert MacGregor (left) at the National Gallery yesterday with Mr Jacob Rothschild (Photograph: Graham Wood). 

Gallery director surprised at choice 

Mr Robert Neil MacGregor 
professed himself delighted 
bat s urprised yesterday on 
being .designated one of the 
youngest directors of the Na- 
tional Gallery in its 362-year 

In a sense, Mr Macgregor, 
who celebrated his fortieth 
birthday last month, is also 
among the least experienced 
executives to take up arguably 
the most important position in 
British art. 

Presently editor of The 
BarfingrouMagazioe, and for- 
merly a lecturer in the history 
of art and architecture, he has 
never directed a gallery or the 
purchase of art treasures. 

By Gavin Bell, Arts Correspondent 

qualities for the 

However Mr Jacob Roth- 
schild, chairman of the 
Gallery's trustees, evidently 
felt that was no disadvantage 
in a highly structured 
organization where his new 
director would act essentially 
as a co-ordinator. 

“It is not a question of the 
director going off and buying 
pictures on his own. There are 
discussions with the curators 
and eventually the trustees. It 
is very much a co-ordinating 

The CIvO Service panel 
which made the selection, and 
on which Mr Rothschild sat as 
a member, had felt that Mr 
MacGregor had “quite 



The director-designate, who 
will succeed Sr Michael 
Levey at the beginning of next 
year, said his ■«wnwKm prior- 
ity would be to oversee the 
refurbishing of the Gallery 
because of an extension 
planned to open in 1990. He 
also wished to further develop 
its role as a centre for scholar- 

Fntnre purchases would de- 
pend on what was available. 
However be saw a need to 
acquire more nineteenth cen- 
tury paintings, particularly 
German works of this period 

which were not represent e d. 

Mr Rothschild confirmed 
that the position had been 
offered to Mr Edmond 
Pflisbury, director of the 
Kimball Art Museum in Fort 
Worth, Texas, but that he had 
declined to accept it. 

However he dismissed 
suggestions that Mr 
MacGregor was a “second 
best" candidate, saying: “It 
was more a question of two 
first choices, both of them of 
outstanding merit" 

Mr MacGregor added: “Ido 
not thmk anyone who knows 
Dr PiDsbury could mind being 
runner-up to him." 

New child 

By Pete - Evans 
Home Affairs 

New powers to secure the 
return of children abducted to 
or from the United Kingdom 
were announced yesterday by 
the Lord Chancellor, Lord 
Hailsham of St Maryiebooe. 

Reciprocal arrangements 
come into force from today 
between the UK and 10 other 
countries for the return of 
abducted children. The 
scheme includes legal aid for 
parents whose children have 
been abducted. 

The new arrangements have 
been imHw two inter- 
national conventions. They 
wfll enable a parent, who has 
rights of custody of a child 
under 16, to enforce them in 
any convention country. 
Where a child has been ab- 
ducted from the UK, the courts 
in convention countries will be 
required to order the retnm of 
the chil d. The UK has the 
same obligations in relation to 
children abducted to this 

The countries who have 
ratified one or both conven- 
tions are: Austria, Belgium, 
Canada, Cyprus, France, 
Hungary, Luxembourg, 
Portenal, Spain, Switzerland 
and me UK. It is expected that 
Australia, Finland, the United 
States, West Germany, and 
the Netherlands wifi ratify the 
convention shortly. 

In the past the absence of 
effective international co-op- 
eration has encouraged par- 
ents and others to abscond 
with a child in the hope of 
thwarting an existing custody 
order, or of rccemng' more 
favourable treatment in an 
overseas jurisdiction. 

The Lord Chancellor's 
Department says that recovery 
of the child in such drcmn- 
stances has often proved diffi- 
cult and distressing, because 
of delay, uncertainty and 

Lord Hailsham said: “Al- 
though the size of the problem 
of international child kidnap- 
ping may be small in nameri- 
cal terms — abont 200 cases in 
and oat of the UK come to our 
notice a year — it is a growing 
eriL And the victims, the 
innocent parent and the ab- 
ducted child, will often suffer 
cruel and avoidable distress. 

“Today's announcement 
means that the machinery Is 

now in position to enable to 
enable the UK to join with 
others in tackling what is a 
truly international social prob- 
lem in a determined way." 

When a child has been 
abducted, courts hi convention 
countries will normally be 
required to order the return of 
the child. That wiB mean 
parents wfll not have to fight a 
custody case overseas. 

Brinks-Mat aftermath 

Laws will rob crooks of loot 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 

Tough new laws to deprive Ministers were horrified by Their first instinct was not 

criminals of their ill-gotten 
gains are being seriously 
considered by the Govern- 

Stiff penalties against bank- 
ers and other financial man- 
agers who turn a blind eye to 
money they know is the 
proceeds of serious crime is 
one main option now being 
canvassed by ministers. 

They are also thinking of 
new powers to confiscate the 
assets of professional 

. The moves come after the 
case of Kenneth Noye, who 
was jailed for 14 years last 
week at the Central Criminal 
Court and fined £500,000 for 
masterminding a big launder- 
ing operation to dispose of the 
gold in the £26 million Brinks- 
Mat bullion robbery. 

His offshore bank accounts 
containing £32 million have 
been frozen and civil proceed- 
ings started for the recovery of 
the hauL 

disclosures that Noye and his 
accomplices could deposit 
huge sums of at high 
street banks without suspicion. 

Parliament has already set a 
precedent for draconian ac- 
tion against professional crim- 
inals with the 
Trafficking Offences 
which became law last month. 

Under its provisions, assets 
gained in the previous six 
years are automatically seized 
from people convicted in a 
crown court. Crucially, they 
must prove the assets were 
acquired legitimately to win 
them back. 

People such as bankers and 
brokers, who help drug traf- 
fickers to salt away profits 
from the drag trade, risk jail 
sentences of up to 14 years 
under a new offence of 

Ministers are now consid- 
ering to what extent similar 
penalties should be extended 
to other crimes. 

to take advantage of wide- 
spread public revulsion at the 
activities of the drag barons 
by launching a blanket crack- 
down on the profits of or- 
ganized crime. 

But they recognize that the 
Drug .criminal bankruptcy proce- 
Bill, dures in the C riminal Justice 
Act, 1972, have not worked 
and must be scrapped. 

The Noye case has given 
added impetus to the re-think. 
But it is thought unlikely that 
the law will be changed so 
drastically that all pro- 
fessional criminals will forfeit 
their personal assets unless 
they can - show they were 
obtained legally. 

The Government’s de- 
cisions will be set out in the 
Criminal Justice Bill to be laid 
before Parliament's next ses- 
sion. Ministers expect fierce 
debate and are ready fin- 
moves by Tory backbenchers 
to tighten further the planned 


Dr Runde (left) walking with Fr Jeoco at Lambeth Palace. 

Kidnappers’ message 
handed to Runcie 

By Clifford Longley, Religions Affairs Correspondent 

were in touch 

Larkin’s unpublished writings saved 

By Alan Hamilton 

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» o 

J V?-? ‘S*. 

The last wish of the poet 
Philip Larkin that his un- 
published writings should be 
destroyed after his death has 
not beep carried out 

Mr Larkin, who died last 
December aged 63, left 
instructions in his wfii, pub- 
lished yesterday, tost all his 
unpublished writings, diaries, 
texts and manuscripts should 
be destroyed unread, ami that 
most letters to him should be 
destroyed or returned to their 

He left estate valued at 
£286^60 neL 

But yesterday Mr Anthony 
Thwaite. the critic and one of 
Mr Larkin's three literary 
executors, said that be hoped 
to preserve much of the poet's 
unpublished work. 

“His personal diaries were 
destroyed very soon after his 
death, but we axe still going 
through the process of 
examining the rest, because 
his will is open to two 
interpretations," Mr Thwahe 

“Onedause says he wants 
everything destroyed, hot an- 
other leaves it to his literary 

executors to deride on what 
should be destroyed. Obvi- 
ously we would like to preserve 
as much as possible and avoid 
a wholesale bonfire." 

Mr Thwaite, author of 
Larkin At 60, has already 
made it known that he hopes to 
edit and publish the poet's 
letters and poems. 

The only writings which Mr 
Larkin specified should not be 
destroyed were letters from 
Margaret M B Jones, his 
long-standing confidante, 
Kingsley Amis, Robert Con- 
quest and the late Barbara 

Pym, which he bequeathed to 
the Bodleian Library, Oxford. 

He left books, tapes, records 
and photographs to friends, 
with the request that they bear 
in mind the Larkin Collection 
at. Hull University, where he 
worked as librarian for 30 

He left his home and much 
of his assets, indndmg all 
income from his literary as- 
sets, to Margaret Jones; he 
specified that on her death 
they should be divided equally 
between the Society of Au- 
thors and the RSPCA. 

An exhausted but dated 
Father Lawrence Jenco dis- 
charged the promise he had 
given his Lebanese captors by 
handing over in person a 
confidential message to the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr 
Robert Runde, at Lambeth 
Palace in London yesterday. 

The first part ofhis promise 
he had kept in Rome on 
Wednesday when he handed a 
similar message to the Pope: 
He was released after 19 
months as a hastate, after 
negotiations in which Mr 
Terry Waite, the archbishop’s 
special representative, appears 
to have played a central role. 

Dr Runde said yesterday 
that Mr Waite's help had been 
Specifically requested by the 
Roman Catholic Church. But 
no-one was prepared to give 
more details, and Mr Waite 
said the situation remained 
delicate because of the 
continuing danger to other 

Some indication of the 
churches' response to the mes- 
sages may be known today, 
and the Vatican and Lambeth 

Palace were in touen yes- 

Fr Jenco also has a message 
for President Reagan, which 
be is expected to convey on his 
return to Washington today. 
The messages to the church 
leaders were in writing, but 
that for the President was, Fr 
Jenco said, “in his heart”. 

Fr Jenco, who arrived in 
Britain from Rome, was 
joined by members of his 
family at Lambeth Palace, 
where it had been arranged 
that another former Lebanon 
hostage, the Rev Benjamin 
Weir, should be present. 

Fr Jenco and Mr Weir, with 
the Jenco family, members of 
the Servile Order, and Mr 
Waite took pan in an informal 
service in the private chapel at 
Lambeth Palace, led by Dr 

Fr Jenco said that he and 
the other American hostages 
had been sustained by their 
faith through their ordeal 
though he added: "When I 
spoke to God sometimes, 1 
said to God, I am not Job." 
But be would not discuss his 
imprisonment, nor the state of 
the other hostages. 

‘400 jobs’ 
from news 
by satellite 

By BfU Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 
A 24-hour satellite news 
channel will create 400 media 
jobs, according to an Indepen- 
dent Television News 

The company is hoping to win 
a franchise from the Indepen- 
dent Broadcasting Authority 
for a £20 million-a-year sat- 
ellite news channel to be 
launched within three years. 

The authority is considering 
submissions from those in- 
terested -in operating satellite 
services. Three channels are 
on offer and submissions must 
be made by the end of August 
The ITN service would use 
live broadcasts as weB as 
material from the ITN news 
team, induding Channel 4 

The channel would be fi- 
nanced either through viewer 
subscription or by advertising. 

It would be carried on a 
high-powered Direct 
Broadcasting Satellite (DBS) 
from which programmes 
would be “beamed" directly 
to viewers' homes. A small 
antenna and electronic re- 
ceiver are expected to cost 
about £200. 

The ITN submission says: 
“There is substantial ev- 
idence - both here and in the 
United States — that a 
continous news channel will 
establish a regular and sizeable 
audience and with ft, commer- 
cial viability." 

The timing of the launch of 
the ITN news channel is 

Car found 
just after 

The car used by Miss 
Suzanna Lam pi ugh, the miss- 
ing west London estate agent, 
was abandoned in a quiet 
Fulham street within minutes 
of her last public sighting a 
mile away, police disclosed 
yesterday (Stewart Tendler 

They said a witness bad 
seen the white Ford Fiesta 
parked at about 1 .00pm on 
Monday in Stevenage Road, 

A quarter of an hour earlier 
Miss Lamplugh, aged 23. had 
an appointment to meet a 
mysterious “Mr Kipper” at a 
house in Shorrolds Road on 
the other side of Fulham. 

She was seen going to the 
bouse and leaving with by a 
man thought to be Mr Kipper 
at about 1.00pm. 

Mrs Wendy Jones, who 
lives in Stevenage Road, has 
told police she saw the car 
parked a few minutes after 

Police have issued a four 
point code of practice for 
estate agents and their staff. 

It suggests no women estate 
agent should go to a property 
alone; speculative property 
viewere should come to the 
estate agents' offices; there 
should be no casual meetings, 
and potential clients should be 
asked for full details including 
a telephone number.and clear 

Open door, page II 

scare spreads 

The son of Mr Michael 
Squibb, who presented a 2,500 
signature petition at 10 
Downing Street on Wednes- 
day seeking more action 
against meningitis in Stroud, 
Gloucestershire, has been 
found to be a carrier of the - 

Tests have revealed five 
new carriers. Interpol was 
rolled in yesterday to find two 
school friends of Christopher 
Knight, aged eight, a neigh- 
bour of the Squibb family who 
died last week, on holiday 
with their parents in Spain. 

Artist charged 
with forgery 

The marine artist Robert 
Moore is to appear before 
Bath magistrates on August 8 
charged with forgery. Mr 
Moore, aged 41, from Clifton, 
Bristol, will appear with Rich- 
ard Tuchbandtan art dealer. 

Both are accused of decep- 
tion and conspiracy to de- 
ceive. Mr Moore is further 
charged with forgery and Mr 
Tucnband with using a forged 
instrument. The charges relate 
to a painting by Mr Moore, 

Railbuses hit 
by wheel wear 

British Rail’s revolutionary 
new Railbus is being with- ' 
drawn from three branch lines 
in Cornwall because its wheels . 
are wearing out on winding - 

But British Ran insisted 
yesterday that the design 
weakness would not affect the - 
mini-train's sales potential in 
Third World countries, where 
its low cost is thought to have 
a particular appeal. 

Man accused 
of stranglings 

Kenneth Erskrne. aged 23, 
unemployed and' of no fixed 
address, appeared before 
South Western magistrates in 
London yesterday charged . 
with strangling a woman aged 
67 and a man aged 74. 

Mr Erskine was remanded 
in custody until tomorrow. 

Player banned 

Derek Stalham, the West; 
Bromwich Albion and former' 
England fullback, was banned 
for three years and fined £400 
with £40 costs by magistrates 
at Seisdon. Staffordshire, yes- 
terday after admitting careless 
driving and refusing to give a 
blood specimen. 

Ban dropped 

Councillors m Nottingham 
have dropped a plan to ban 
smoking on the top deck of 
buses, after 1,500 people 
signed a protest petition or- 
ganized by workers at John 
Players Tobacco Company in 
the city. 

Boy in raid 

A boy aged 14 from Edmon- 
ton, north London, who 
robbed a shopkeeper of £ 1 ,200 
at knife point was ordered to 
be detained for three years at 
the Central Criminal Court 

‘Kisses’ for patient 

A businessman treated by 
Dr Joseph Jaffe kissed the 
hypnotist's secretary after 
treatment, it was claimed 

Mis Dons Walker, a house- 
keeper. told how Mr George 
Waterson, aged 49, always 
received a goodbye kiss. 

Mrs Walker told a disci- 
plinary hearing that Mr 
Waterson chatted enthusias- 
tically with the secretary, Mrs 
Charm ene Owen, in surgery 
while receiving treatment. 

Mr Anthony Arlidge QC, 
representing Dr Jaffe, asked 
Mrs Walken “To put it 
bluntly, he fancied her, didn't 
her Mre Walker said: “Yes.” 
Earlier, Mr Waterson, 49, of 
Hale, Cheshire, said Mrs 
Owen wore see-through 
blouses encouraged by the 
doctor, to seduce him into 
returning for more treatment 

Dr Jaffe. 60, of Prestwich, 
Manchester, denies charges of 
professional misconduct The. 
hearing continues. 





Cardinal acts 
against book 
on in vitro 

By Clifford Langley, Religions Affairs Correspondent 

Cardinal Basil Hume, Arch- 
bishop of Westminster, has 
withdrawn his imprimatur, or 
official "permission to pub- 
lish” from a book by one of 
the most distinguished Jesuit 
theologians in Britain. 

The book challenges aspects 
of official church teaching on 
sexual morality and supports 
the use of in vitro embryo 

It is Bioethics and Belief by 
Father John Mahoney, SJ, 
who has recently been ap- 
pointed F.D. Maurice Profes- 
sor of Theology 1 at King's 
College, London. He is presi- 
dent of the Catholic Theologi- 
cal Association of Great 
Britain, and a former principal 
of Heythrop College. London. 

Fr Mahoney, aged 55, a 
Scot, argues in the book that 
the church's disapproval of 
artificial insemination by a 
husband (A1H) is based on the 
supposed immorality of mas- 
turbation, which in such a 
context might be excusable. 

He questions the church's 
ban on artificial insemination 
by a donor (AID), rejecting the 
official view that it is a form of 
adultery; and he contradicts 
the traditional assumption 

that an embryo is a human 
being with a soul from the first 
moment of conception, and 
thereby he opens up the 
possibility of experimentation 
on early embryos. 

Fr Mahoney states that even 
the use of a “host mother” to 
bear the child of another 
woman, using in vitro tech- 
niques, is not necessarily 

The appearance of the book 
in 1984 (published by Sbeed 
and Ward at £3.95) brought 
complaints from unspecified 
sources to Cardinal Hume's 
office that it contradicted 
official church teaching. He 
has been in correspondence 
with the Vatican's Congrega- 
tion for the Doctrine of the 
Faith concerning his views. 

The cancellation of the 
imprimatur was announced in 
a joint statement by the autbor 
and the vicar general of West- 
minster Archdiocese, Mgr 
Ralph Brown, in a restricted- 
circulation official bulletin 
called Briefing. No other 
announcement was made. 

The statement says that Fr 
Mahoney was not strictly 
obliged to seek an imprimatur 
for his book in the first place. 

Regional trends 

South-east outstrips all on earnings 

By Robin Young 

The South-east is now the 
only region in the United 
Kingdom with earnings above 
the national average. 

The region tends to domi- 
nate the national picture, 
according to government stat- 
isticians, because it has by for 
the most people - 30 per cent 
of the UK total — and is more 

At April 1985 men earned 
an average of£l92 per wedt in 
the UK. In the South-east the 
figure was £214, and in 
Greater London, £233. 

Men in Scotland, the region 
with the next highest mate 
earnings, earn only £190 a 
week in spite ofhigh wages in 
the energy and water supply 
industries. In Northern Ire- 
land the figure was £172, the 
lowest rate. 

Similarly, the average 
weekly earnings for women 
were £126 nationwide; but 
£141 in the South-east, and 

£154 in Greater London. 
Northern Ireland ranked sec- 
ond, with average earnings for 
women of £1 22 weekly. 

More than a quarter of the 
tax units (married couples and 
individuals) in the South-east 
had incomes greater than 
£10.000 a year in 1982-83. 

East Anglia, with 23 per 
cent, was the only other region 
where that proportion bet- 
tered the UK average of 21.6 

The South-east had average 
weekly household income of 
£231 in 1983-84, £40 more 
than the next region, the 
South-west. Northern Irish 
households averaged -only 
£153 a week. 

It followed that the South- 
east had a much higher expen- 
diture a household than any 
Other region. 

Though the proportion of 
household expenditure going 
on food was less, at 19 per 
cent, than in any other region, 
the amount was still greater in 

absolute terms than for house- 
holds dsewhere. 

The gross domestic product 
in the South-east was £92.4 
billion, in 1984 at current 
prices, £7 billion up on 1983 
and an average a head of 
£5.401 Northern Ireland's 
was the lowest in the country, 
at £3,61 5. 

In the 10-year period from 
1975 to 1984 the South-east’s 
relative GDP had climbed 
from 1 13 to 1 1 7 per cent of the 

UK average. 

Personal disposable income 
grew from 1 10 per cent of the 
UK average in 1 975 to 1 14 per 
cent in 1984. Residents of 
Greater London were better 
off still, with persona] dis- 
posable income 25 per cent 
above the average in 1 984. 

By contrast, in the West 
Midlands PDI a head declined 
from Vh per cent above the 
national average in 1975 to 7 
percent below in 1984. 

The highest qualified mem- 
bers of the workforce are 

concentrated in the South- 
east. especially Greater Lon- 
don where 13 per cent had a 
degree or equivalent qualifica- 
tion in 19S4. 

More than a fifth of the 
heads of households in the 
South-east were in managerial 
or professional emnployment, 
a considerably higher propor- 
tion than anywhere else. In the 
North almost half the heads of 
households were unemployed 
in 19S4. 

Unemployment levels in 
the South-east, at just under 
10 per cent in October 1985, 
were less than anywhere else 
in the UK. 

But even the unemployed 
had better prospects in the 
South-east After the South- 
west and East Anglia, the 
region had the lowest propor- 
tion of unemployed who had 
been out of work for more 
than a year — 36 per cent 
compared with a UK average 
of 41 per cent 

Tomorrow: Population 

Road casualties increase in all areas 

Two spectators and their pet 
watching the gnndog trials 
with keen Interest yesterday at 
the Country Landowners 
Association’s Game Fair, at 
Harewood House. Leeds, 

West Yorkshire. 

The annual festival of 
countryside sports, designed to 
help farmers and landowners 
improve their land’s sporting 
potential, finishes tomorrow. 

By Michael Baily 
Transport Editor 

Fatal or serious car ac- 
cidents rose again in 1984 in 
spite of a foil after the in- 
troduction of compulsory seat 
belts in January 1983. 

All areas of the UK showed 
increased casualties, but the 
worst record was in London 
and the South-east with a 6 per 
cent rise on 1983. 

London and the South-east 
had twice the number of fetal 
or serious accidents than the 
rest of the country, with 57 for 
each 100 kilometres of road. 

London also had more child 
casualties on the roads, with 
544 per 100,000 population 
compared with only 385 in the 

Nearly a third (31 per cent) 
of all main road accidents in 
the UK happened at night 


'fou get twin guarantees when you buy the 
new 4th Issue Index-linked Certificate. Guarantees 
that make these Certificates future-proof. 

To start with you are guaranteed that the 
money you invest will be inflation-proofed for 
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If you have anything between £25 and £5,000 
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That^ guaranteed by 


with the proportion rising 
from South to North where 
there are longer hours of 

The South-west enjoys the 
country’s highest level of car 
ownership at 349 cars per 
1,000 population. 

The country’s road vehicle 
fleet rose 2.8 per cent to 21.2 
million in 1984, the figures 
show. The number of cars rose 

by 3.5 percent to 16.8 million, 
but the number of two- 
wheelers — motorcycles, 
scooters, and mopeds — fell 
by 4.9 per cent to 1.2 million. 

The South-east had the 
UK's most crowded roads 
with 57 vehicles per kilometre 
compared with only 21 in 
Northern Ireland, the least 

Regional Trends. 21. 1986 (Sta- 
tionery Office; £17.50). 

Water pollution on 
increase in Devon 

By Hugh Clayton, Environment Correspondent 

Pollution of some English 
waterways increased in the 
early 1980s, the surevy says. 

The total length of river and 
canal classified as of bad or 
poor quality throughout En- 
gland and Wales dropped only 
slightly from 10.5 to 10 per 

Although waterway pollu- 
tion fell sharply in much of 
southern England and the 
Midlands, it remained almost 
static in East Anglia and rose 
in Devon and Cornwall and 
between Crewe and the Scot- 
tish border, and area covered 
by the North-western Water 

Although the rise was slight 
in Devon and Cornwall,. the 
polluted length in the. North- 
west rose from little more than 
15 per cent of the total to 20 
per cent despite operating 
expenditure worth more than 
£1Q per bead of population in 
the area 

"There is more dereliction 

in the North-western area” 
the survey’ report said. 

The survey also showed that 
18 per cent of the land in the 
United Kingdom was covered 
by some blanket restriction on 
development-Ten per cent 
was in - national parks or 
Scottish scenic areas and 8 per 
cent in England, Wales and 
Northern Ireland was in areas 
of outstanding natural beauty. 

The main land use was still 
forming, which accounted for 
72 per cent of the surface of 
the United Kingdom. There 
was evidence of continuing 
polarization of farming in 
England and Wales with a 
heavy concentration of live- 
stock and grazing land in the 
West with cereals and 
sugarbeet in the East 

East Anglia contained 
barely 5 per cent of the forms 
in the United Kingdom but 
almost 10 per cent of those of 
200 hectares (540 acres) or 

Star Wars 

Scientists join forces 
for space power tests 

By Ptoupe Wright, Science Editor 

British and Israeli scientists 
are working on a power system 
for space platforms under a 
Star Wars research contract 
from the United States 

It is thoagfat that the inven- 
tion coaid provide between 10 
and 50 megawatts of electricity 
for each platform, or enough to 
power a small town. 

The idea is being developed 
by a network of university 
groups brought together by 
SoImecs, a research company 
specia l i zi ng in renewable en- 
ergy technologies, which has 
offices in London. 

The scientists take either a 
low grade energy source such 
as geothermal heat, waste hot 
gas and water, or a diffuse 
source such as solar power, 
and convert it into electricity. 

Solmecs claims that its sci- 
entists can take any heat 
source and convert it in«n 

Th e idea for the space 
system is based on discoveries 
in magneto-hydrody namic , 
MHD, made by Professor 
Herman Branover, a Russian 
£migr6, at the Ben Curios 

The concept is that electric- 

ity can be produced by means 
Of a liquid conductor such as 
mercury or sodium, in place of 
the conducting coil which a 
conventional generator uses. 

In the 1960s, millions of 
pounds were spent by Britain 
the United States and else- 
where to perfect an MHD 
machine for a commercial 
power station, but the concept 
proved fruitless. 

However, those schemes 
were based on forcing a hot 
stream of gas, which had 
reached the state of an elec- 
trically charged plasma, be- 
tween the poles of powerful 

The only machine of that 
generation which produces 
electricity is in die Soviet 

' Professor Branover de- 
signed a machine that worked- 
at more modest temperatures. 
Energy from a source of heat is 
absorbed by a gas-and-tiqoid- 
metal mixture in dosed-circmt 
pipes. The hot gas provides ' 
the "lift" to force the liquid - 
metal round the pipes, of 
which some areas are sor- . 
rounded by a powerful magnet, - 
where the conversion of heat to 
electricity occurs. 




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South Africa debate: Australia’s view • Commonwealth hop 

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Any sanctions against South 
',Vj t;, Africa which might be ad* 

, v/ a opted at the Commonwealth 
r? i t mini-summit next week 
would only be effective if they 
were backed and matched by 
the United States and the 
V European Community,. Mr 
1 Bob Hawke, the Australian 
V 1 '- prime Minister, said yes-' 

■ Bui he added that the 
fc » “peremptory dismissaT of Sir 
Geoffrey Howe’s mission 
‘ would intensify pressure in 
Europe for effective measures 
’ against Pretoria. 

He said that the present 
.d\ tone ofihe sanctions debate in 
^ the US gave him a “sense of 
v„ optimism 1 ’ about the policy 
.7 that the Administration wifi 
- adopt. Ultimatdy, he m- 
> ; V : ' cheated, such a concerted ap- 
; -? l proach was possible. 

Mr Hawke was speaking in 
: an interview before leaving for 

■ , 7 London, for the meeting with 
■* Mrs Thatcher and leaders 
from the Bahamas, Canada 
: India, Zambia and Zunbabwe. 

Ausiralia was a leading 
' advocate of sanctions at the 
Chogm summit in Nassau, 
and last month's Labor Party 
conference agreed a stiff 19- 
point package of proposed - 
anti-South African measures. 

These include a withdrawal 
of South African Airways' 
landing rights, a ban on min- 
eral imports and exports of 
raw materials, and prohibition 
of new investment in South 

Mr Hawke declined to dis- 
close what specific proposals 
he will put forward next week 
(the second tranche of the 
Nassau agreement will ' be 
used, in effect, as an.agenda) 
but indicated that Australia 
wanted to be part of a muted 
Commonwealth front, and 


From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

that it would not introduce its 
own selective package of 

“1 do not see it as wise for 
Australia to. go in any signifi- 
cant sense beyond what the 
Commonwealth is doing. I 
shall want to play my role in 
London in getting a general 
and hopefully common po- 

Unlike the frontline states, 
Australia stands to benefit 
from a South African trade 
boycott. . 

Mr Hawke said Canberra 
would have a responsibility to 
consider a frontline request 
for economic aid, but he made 
no commitment. 

He differed with Mr Bill 
Hayden, his Foreign Minister, 
who has said that the sanc- 
tions issue could lead to the 
break-op of the Common- 
wealth ffMre Thatcher reftises 
- to adopt tougher measures. 

“There will be tensions, bat 
I do not believe there wifi be 
break-up or withdrawals. 

“There may be some isola- 
tion of Britain within the 

There was no question, he 
said, of “looking for expul- 
sions or withdrawals". Al- 
though some Made leaders, 
such as President Kaunda of 
Zambia, had threatened to 
withdraw, Mr Hawke said be 
believed they could be dis- 
suaded, and pointed to pre- 
vious -crikes, such as that over 
Rhodesia,. which he said had 
demonstrated the strength of 
the organization. 

Asked if he would be argu- 
ing the case for sanctions so 
foiriMy if it was going to be to 
the detriment of Australia's 

Australia and South Africa 
are actually trade competitors 
and Australian exports of coal 
and precious minerals would 
profit by a .South. African 

But, Mr Hawke said, 
Australia did not support 
sanctions “for the sake of 
being hairy-chested". 

“Sanctions are a means of 
acffevtng in this case the 
objective of a truly demo- 
cratic, liberal and. multiracial 
society in South Africa. 

“The evidence is already 
there that South Africa has 
responded, albeit very inad- 
equately, to pressure." 

Pretoria is “in its own 
straightjackei of prehistoric 
thinking”. It might be able to 
keep black people subjugated 
by terror, but it could not keep 
a white population from 
deciding that its best interests 
lay in change: 

While Mrs Thatcher argued 
that sanctions would hurt 
blacks, the blacks themselves 
and the frontline states re- 
jected that argument . 

He was asked whether 
Australia, facing the most 
- austere Budget since the war, 
would be prepared to provide 
financial support to the 
frontline states which would 
be most affected by sanctions. 

“There was some discussion 
of this in the Bahamas, specifi- 
cally on fueL We may have to 
think - about what could be 
done there. If it comes to the 
point that its actually done 
then dearly we would listen to 
t the frontlii 

September talks 
mooted if London 
mini-summit fails 

By Rodney Cowton 

to ask of us. 
“I believe 

tline states have - 


have a 

troubled economy rather than responsibility if they ask for 
to its benefit, he .said :“Any assistance from the Common- 
country has to be prepared to wealth as a whole to see how 
incur some disabilities in an we could accommodate 
issue like this." them." 

Mulroney to call for a lead 


Mr Brian Mnlnmey, the 
Canadian Prime Minister, will 
reason that the Common- 
wealth. as the “first among 
equals" in the Sonth African 
situation, should lead and not 
waft for anyone else to act 
when he joins the meeting in 

Mr Bernard Wood, who was 
the Prune Minister's repre- 
sentative to a number of 

African countries as well as 

From A Correspondent, Ottawa 

of the accord reached at the 
Commonwealth meeting in die 

That accord said if there, 
had been no progress towards 
dismantling apartheid in 
Sonth -Africa is die interven- 
ing six months^, all -leaden , 
would consider other 

He said since Paragraph 2 
of the accord had not hero 
advanced in the past six 

Sts join force 
CC power test 

rniAau unuiuks wwi mo, » — » i 

India to (tisenss Sonth AfiSra^, ■ he 

said in a briefing yesterday 

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that the Commonwealth 
should “stake out the path" 
that the European Common 
Market, tire United States and 
others might follow. 

“1 don’t see the point of 
waiting for the EEC," Mr 
Wood said in a response to a 
suggestion that Mrs Thatcher 
might want to wait until a 
September meeting of that 
body to declare her intentions. 

Mr Wood said it was im- 
portant to note the London 
meeting of the seven leaders 
was taking place in tire context 

The second paragraph call- 
ed on Sonth Africa to im- 
plement five measures that 
won kl eventually lead to non- 
rarial, representatives gov- 

This included dismantling 
apartheid, ending the state of 
emergency, the release of Mr 
Nelson Mandela and otters, 
lifting tire ban on the African 
National Congress and a pro- 
cess of internal dialogue. 

Paragraph 7 details eight 
economic sanctions that amid 
be taken against tire country. 

Mr Wood said there was no 

question of all eight steps 
being taken at this time. 
“There could he a mix and 
maybe even others tint are not 
included in the list" 

He said that, m his visit to 
front-tine countries around 
South Africa, he had found the 
leaders in a sober and deter- 
mined mood, committed to do 
whatever is necessary despite 
the ham that may earn to 
their own countries. 

.• He said, they all showed 
‘Teafism and sophistication” 
on the results to them from 
sanctions against South Af- 
rica. Canada he said, would 
continue its 20 -year-old policy 
of attempting to increase tire 
independence of Sonth Af- 
rica’s neighbours. 

Mr Wood said he had 
gained tire impression no-one 
m tire Commonwealth would 
play “fast and loose" with 
British interests. “They re- 
cognise their values to Britain 
but I can say ft will not be 
enough for Britain to move 
roly a. bit" from its present 

Mr Malcolm Fraser making his address yesterday 

Royal Commonwealth Society. He hoped Mrs T 

would find an escape route from her resolve on sanctions. 

Few clouds 
in budget 

Harare- — Zimbabweans 
were presented yesterday with 
an annual Budget showing 
little sign of anxiety over 
impending sanctions and es- 
calated South African military 
activity hanging over the 
southern African region (Jan 
Raath writes), 

- Defence spending rose dra- 
matically by 26 per cent to 
£242 million, but statements 
detailing planned expenditure 
attributed the bulk of this to 
some £39 million for aircraft 
procurement for the air force. ' 

Dr Bernard Chidzero, the 

Failure to reach agreement 
on sanctions against South 
Africa nt this weekend's 
Commonwealth mnu-smnmit 
in London could lead to a 
farther conference involving 
all Commonwealth nations at 
the end of September. 

There was evidence yester- 
day (hat there would be wide- 
spread support for such a 
move if it seemed the only way 
to avoid an irreversible split in 

the Commonwealth as the re- 
sult of faOnre to agree on sanc- 
tions. The suggestion was 
originally made on Jnly 4 in a 
comm unique issued from a 
conference of beads of govern- 
ment of Caribbean members of 
the Commonwealth. 

The idea w31 not be formally 
on tire agenda for tire mini 
summit ofi the heads of govern- 
ment of the Bahamas, Austra- 
lia, Panada, India, the United 
yjngdnm, Zambia and Zim- 
babwe, but there is a strong ex- 
pectation that it will be dis- 
cussed informally. 

Mr Malcolm Fraser, the 
former Australian Prime Min- 
ister, and co-chairman of the 
Conunonwealfh Eminent Per- 
sons Group, said he thought a 
full-scale conference would be 
much preferable to nations 
leaving the Commonwealth 
because of a &Onre to agree 
this weekend. 

As part of the round of con- 
sultations which is fining 
place ahead of the summit 

*“ — . which b egins on Sim- 


the Commonwealth Secretary 
General, will have talks today 
■with Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
Secretary. Both had separate 
meetings in London yesterday 
with Dr Chester Crocker, the 
US Assistant Secretary of 
State for African Affairs. 

Mr Fraser, in an address to 
the Royal Commonwealth So- 
ciety, said he hoped Mrs That- 
cher would use the outcome of 
Sir Geoffrey Howe’s visits to 
Southern Africa as an escape 
route from the views she had 
been expressing, because there 
were going to be enormous 
consequences, adverse to Brit- 
ish interests, if she did not do 

The present positions ad- 
opted by the United States and 
the United Kingdom would 
lead to such a loss of western 
influence in Southern Africa 
that they would give Mr Gor- 
bachov tiie greatest victory the 
Russians had had since the re- 
volution. Mr Fraser thought 
there was a reasonable chance 
that property devised sanc- 
tious would induce a change of 
heart in Sonth Africa. 

He advocated a breaking of 
all international air links with 
South Africa; a revue of consu- 
lar facilities; a tightening of 
financial restrictions, includ- 
ing a denial of trade credit and 
the freezing of South African 
bank accounts overseas; and a 
blocking of South Africa’s 
bulk exports of agricultural 
produce and minerals. 

Thatcher snubs union team 

the previous year. Some 24 
per cent is accounted for by 
drift repayments and interest. 

By Nicholas Beeston 

Commonwealth and South 
African trade union leaders 
began a three-day emergency 
session yesterday to put pres- 
sure on Commonwealth lead- 
ers to accept sanctions against 
South Africa. 

Delegates from the Com- 
monwealth Trade Union Con- 
gress, representing 30 million 
workers from more than 40 
countries, will meet several 
Commonwealth leaders this 
week, but Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher, the Prime Minister, 
has refused on the grounds 
that she is “too busy". 

Mrs §hiriey Carr, the CTUC 
chairwoman and president of 
the Canadian Labour Con- 
gress, said Mrs Thatcher could 
have gained “vitally m> 
portant advice” by meeting 

the CTUC delegation, which 
includes three senior South 
African trade union leaders. 

“They would have told her 
unequivocally that black peo- 
ple want to see comprehensive 
sanctions vigorously enforced, 
to hasten the end of apartheid 
and to lead to the exercise of 
normal democratic freedom 
by all South Africans," she 

Yesterday the CTUC broke 
off its emergency meeting, 
hosted by the TUC, for a 
discussion with the Common- 
wealth Secretary-General, Mr 
Shridath RampfaaL 

At the meeting the General- 
Secretary of the Council of 
Unions of South Africa 
(Cosatu). Mr Phiroshaw 
Camay, who was detained by 
South African security forces 

at the start of the state of 
emergency in June, said: “We 
are looking to the rest of the 
world to protect freedom. If 
the world foils us then there is 
no other alternative but the 
path of violence ” 

Mr Ramphal told the dele- 
gates that abolishing apartheid 
was a priority, but he empha- 
sized that the Commonwealth 
should not foil apart because 
of differences over policy to- 
wards South Africa. 

Mr Camay and two repre- 
sentatives from Cosatu have 
compiled a report detailing 
the effects of the recent gov- 
ernment clam pd own in South 
Africa on the trade union 
movement It is estimated 
that hundreds of trade union 
members are still in detention 
in South Africa. 

ANC plans another meeting with US officials 

Lusaka (AP) — The chief 
spokesman for the African 
National Congress said yes- 
terday that further talks with 
American officials were plan- 
ned following the unprece- 
dented meeting between ANC 
leaders and the US Ambassa- 
dor to Zambia. 

Ambassador Paul Hare met 
three leaders of the guerrilla 
movement at their Lusaka 
headquarters on Wednesday 
in what US officials said was 
the first acknowledged contact 

at that level 

ANC spokesman, Mr Tom 
Sebina, declined to disclose 
details of the conversation but 
said the participants “agreed 
on contacts in the future." 

Mr Sebina would not com- 
ment on whether he felt the 
meeting reflected a change in 
American policy toward the 
ANC, which the administra- 
tion of President Reagan has 
previously depicted as a ter- 
rorist organization. 

• ADDIS ABABA; African 
leaders ended their a nnual 
summit conference in the 
Ethiopian capital last night by 
condemning Western powers 
for their co-operation with 
South Africa and suggesting 
voluntary reprisals against 
Britain for its opposition to 
sanctions (Reuter reports). 

The new chairman of the 
Organisation of African Unity 
(QAU), Mr Denis Sassou-Nu- 
guisso of Congo, declared the 
conference dosed at 10.50pm 

after a lengthy delay caused by 
last-minute debates on “US 
intervention in Angolan af- 
fairs,” American attacks on 
Libya last April and the civil 
war in Chad. 

The 50 OAU members took 
a more militant line on west- 
ern collaboration with Pre- 
toria than in previous meet- 
ings, but the practical actions 
proposed did not go beyond 
the voluntary economic mea- 
sures and a possible dip- 
lomatic break with Britain. 

face a 
slow death 

Lagos (Reuter) - Convicted 
armed robbers in Nigeria’s 
central Niger State are now 
being executed slowly by re- 
peated firing squad volleys, a 
state government official said 

He confirmed a report in 
the National Concord news- 
paper that said convicts in the 
state were first shot in the 
ankles, with subsequent vol- 
leys directed higher at five- 
minute intervals until they 

Whales go 
back to sea 

Penh (Reuter) - Eighty 
pilot whales stranded on a 
west Australia beach at Au- 
gusta have returned to the sea 
after a rescue operation by 
volunteers who kept them 
alive by pouring buckets of 
water on them throughout the 

The whales were lifted on to 
trucks and driven to a nearby 
bay, where motorboats herded 
about 40 of them beyond a 
reef and the rest followed. 

Rights move 

Moscow (Reuter) — Soviet 
officials announced the cre- 
ation of a commission on 
human rights and humanitar- 
ian questions, but said they 
did not plan to upgrade the 
current low level of Jewish 
emigration to Israel and the 

Reindeer alert 

Oslo — Reindeer in south- 
ern Norway, where radio- 
active fall-out from the 
Chernobyl nuclear disaster 
was its most severe, are so 
contaminated that by the win- 
ter their meat is expected to 
contain 20 to 60 times the 
maximum annual exposure 
level for humans, the Direc- 
torate of Nature Conservation 

Fugitive dies 

Chur, Switzerland (Reuter) 
- Reinhaid Menches, aged 32, 
a West German wanted in 
connection with the murder 
on Tuesday of Liechtenstein's 
chief detective, died in hos- 
pital after being shot by Swiss 

Talks open 

Geneva — The eighth round 
of indirect talks between 
Afghanistan and Pakistan 
opened yesterday, with the- 
UN Mediator Mr Diego 
Cordovez, holding separate 
meetings with delegations. 

Lawyer dead 

Hamburg (Reuter) — Wolf- 
gang Bislry, aged 40, a West 
German state prosecutor, has 
died of gunshot wounds in- 
flicted by a suspected contract 
murderer who killed his wife 
and himself at Hamburg po- 
lice headquarters on Tuesday, 
police said . 

Telling tales 

Berne (Reuter) - Fritz 
Mathys Weist, a Swiss his- 
torian, has said that folk hero 
William Tell could not have 
used a crossbow to shoot an 
apple off his son's head be- 
cause crossbows were virtually 
unknown here in the 13th 


Foreign Secretary’s mission 

Government still wants negotiated settlement 

yiU* i 


The Government’s determina- 
tion to continue to work for a 
negotiated solution to the prob- 
lem of South Africa was ex- 
pressed by * Lady . Young, 
Minister of State for Foreign 
and Commonwealth Affairs, m 
a statement on . the Foreign 
Secretary's mission to southern 
Africa. > 

Lady Young- was assailed by 
Labour' aod Alliance peers for 

S 'ving no . indication of the 
overn mem's new policy 
following the foilure of Sir 
Geoffrey Howe's talks in South 

For the Labour Party, Lord 
Elwyn-Jooes said that the state- 
ment was deeply disappointing, 
containing * no positive 

LadySeear. leader of the Liberal 
peers, called the statement to- 
tally inadequate and asked that 
if any member state threatened 
to leave the Commonwealth. 
Parliament should be recalled. 
Lady Young called the latter 
suggestion hypothetical, and 
said that recall of Parliament 
was a matter for other 
authorities. . 

She -said that Sir Geoffrey 
Howe's personal standing had in 
no way been diminished by his 

Further measures would be 
on the agenda for the Common- 
wealth meeting on Sunday but 
she added; There is no auto- 
matic! ry that something further 
wilt happen. 

That, she added . was an 
objective statement of reality, 
not a threat. . 

In her statement. Lady Young 
gave an account of the Foreign 
Secretary’s meetings. She said 
that his meetings with leaders of 
South Africa's neighbouring 
slates had brought out the 
serious concern felt by most of 
South Africa's neighbours about 
the potential consequences for 
their countries of a policy of 
general economic sanctions 
against South Afri&' and the 
clangers of escalating confronta- 
tion in the r^on. 

Sir Geoffrey had made dear 
to the South African Govern- 
ment the EEC view that there 
was urgent need for fun- 
damental but peaceful change in 
South Africa, leading to the total 
abolition of apartheid. 

In this connection (she said) 
be stressed that in order to 
establish the necessary con- 
ditions for peaceful dialogue it 
was essential to release Nelson 
Mandela and other political 
leaders and to unban the African 
National Congress and other 
political parties. 

Sir Geoffrey was able in this 
way to convey to the. South 
African Government the deep 
concern felt by the United 
Kingdom, the Community and 
western conn tries generally on 
this matter. The Smith African 
Government can be in no doubt 
of the strength of this concern. 
He regrets that the responses he 
received from the South African 
Government were not such as to 
enable him to report progress of 
the kind which he sought. 

He is conveying the outcome 
to our Community partners and 
will also be able to give his 
assessment of the visit to the 
review meeting of the seven 
Commonwealth heads of Gov- 
ernment which begins in Lon- 
don on August 3. 

The Government will con- 
tinue to make every effort to 
work for a negotiated solution to 
the problem of South Africa. 

Lord Ehryn Jones described the 
statement as disappointing and 
said it contained no positive 
proposals on how to dal with 
the critical situation affecting 
Britain, her relations with the 
Commonwealth, the United 
States and the world at large. 
There was no indication of 

What specific proposals (he 
asked) will the Government be 
putiing-to the mini-summit next 
Sunday if that conference is not 
io end in disarray? 

The Government should 
already be publicly giving a 
committal to proceeding with 
effective measures by way of 
comprehensive sanctions. 

What efforts would be made 

during Britain's presidency of 
the EEC towards implementing 
rigorous measures against South 
Africa if it refused io meet the 
gravity of the situation? 

Should not the Government 
now join its friends and allies in 
the Commonwealth, the EEC 
and. as seemed possible now, in 
the United States, in proposing 
mandatory sanctions against 
South Africa in the Security 

Lady Seear CL) said the 
statement was inadequate in the 

Ehtyn-Jones: Statement 
deeply disappointing 
face of the increasing bloodshed 
in South Africa, the arrogant 
regime there, and in the light of 
the anger and anxiety 
developing in Britain. 

Time is running out (she 
said). Apartheid is getting worse 
and worse. 11016 is not on our 
side. It is not on the side of the 
moderate leaders of the blacks 
without whose leadership there 
is no hope for anything other 
than a bloodbath. 

Talk of a negotiated solution 
had led to nothing at all and the 
Foreign Secretary, to have any 
hope of success, would have to 
be seen to be negotiating from a 
basis of strength and with a 
determination to take positive 
measures. Why should the 
South African Government take 
any more notice in the future 
than they had in the past if the 
Foreign Secretary continued to 
negotiate from a position of 

If. during the recess, any 

Commonwealth member were 
10 say they were leaving the 
Commonwealth, Parliament 
should be recalled to discuss the 
matter before the 
Commonwealth broke up. 

Lady Young said that at the 
Commonwealth meeting on 
Sunday, consideration of the 
case for further measures was an 
item on the agenda. So, too. was 
it in the EEC And it would not 
be right for her to anticipate 
what would come out of that 

A range of measures was 
already being implemented with 
Britain's EEC and 
Commonwealth partners. 

There is no automaticity (she 
said) that there will be 
something further that wff] 
happen, but Sir Geoffrey Howe 
has said in the Commons that if 
his mission did not procure 
tangible and substantial 
progress, then agreement . on 
further measures is likely to be 
necessary. This is an' objective 
statement of reality. It is not a 

It would be unwise to 
comment on whether any 
country might leave the 
Commonwealth. A recall of 
Parliament was not a matter for 

The Cabinet was unanimous 
in its support for the policy that 
the Prime Minister and Sir 
Geoffrey Howe bad pursued, 
that is to say to try to achieve an 
end to apartheid by negotiation. 
Lord Sonnies (C) said the Gov- 
ernment had been discussing for 
many weeks now with the other 
main trading partners of South 
Africa what action all should 
agree to take. 

Lady Young said discussions 
have been going on both with 
EEC partners and with 
Commonwealth partners stem- 
ming from the Nassau meeting 
of the Commonwealth heads o? 

Lord Brockway (Lab) said both 
the Foreign Secretary and the 
Prime Minister must fed utterly 
humiliated by what bad oc- 

The Foreign Secretary was 
given a colossal snub. Limited 
sanctions would foil. All history 

had shown the ability of govern- 
ments when foreign action was 
taken to adjust themselves to it. 

There would have to be 
intervention by the United Na- 
tions if, ultimately, apartheid 
was to be overthrown. 

Lady Yoimg said she was sur- 
prised he should feel that mak- 
ing a further effort to negotiate 
with the very people who were 
in a position to implement a 
change in apartheid was either 
humiliating or not worthwhile. 
The Government did not see it 
in those terms. 

Sanctions were not as easy to 
apply or. as was sometimes 
implied, the kind of easy policy 
to bring about the changes the 
Government would like to see. 
Lord Paget of Northampton 

(Lab): We should not be 
conspiring to wreck the only 
economy in Africa that works. 
Who is going to pay for the 
victims of this? Our Prime 
Minister has behaved with ut- 
most courage. I hope her cour- 
age will not leave her because if 
it does millions win die. 

Lady Young: We have consis- 
tently argued against general 
economic sanctions. Experience 
has shown they do not work and 
any further measures in addi- 
tion to those the UK. has 
implemented have to be consid- 
ered in the light of that 

We believe all should weigh 
the effects of general economic 
sanctions on South Africa, her 
neighbours and on the UK 
carefully against the supposed 
benefits. We believe the balance 
is against such sanctions. 

On the effects of sanctions on 
the front line states, we are 
considering the possibility of 
further assistance, but clearly 
the UK is not in a position to 
offset the effect of economic 
sanctions on the from line 
states. Thai - underlines the im- 
portance of seeking a solution 
through dialogue and not 
through confrontation. 

The mandate that Sir Geof- 
frey Howe was given at The 
Hague meeting has nearly two 
months to run. There is no need 
for instant decisions. 

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11.0% PA 

5.7% PA 

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Space advisers 
urge curb on 
use of shuttle 

From Moitsin All, Washington 

A Cabinet council majority 
is recommending that Presi- 
dent Reagan adopt a plan to 
ban most commercial and 
foreign satellites from future 
space shuttle flights, a White 
House spokesman said yes- 

The plan, according to The 
Washington Post, is part of a 
new initiative to spur develop- 
ment of a private rocket 
industry, ft would effectively 
end Nasa’s long-standing ef- 
forts to promote the shuttle as 
an economical self-sufficient 
space transport system. 

Under the proposal, virtu- 
ally all private communica- 
tions satellites would be 
barred from future shuttle 
launches, leaving the shuttle 
to carry almost exclusively 
military and scientific pay- 
loads when flights resume in 

The newspaper said that of 
the 43 Nasa contracts to 
launch commercial -and for- 
eign payloads up to 1994, only 
about six or eight would end 
up on the shuttle if the plan is 
adopted by Mr Reagan - there 
does exist, however, an option 
for a more gradual phasing- 
out of commercial customers. 

One immediate con- 
sequence of the plan, if ap- 
proved. would be to deprive 
Nasa of about $850 million in 
revenue it wonld receive from 
the American Satellite Com- 
pany and other commercial 

These firms have argued 
that barring them from US- 
subsidized shuttle flights 
would leave them with no 
choice but to turn to the West 
European Ariane rocket or the 
Chinese Long March rocket 

Meanwhile, a White House 
spokesman emphasized that 
Mr Reagan had been given 
many differing views about 
whether a new $2.8 billion 

(about £1.9 billion) shuttle 
orbiter should be built to 
replace the Challenger, which 
exploded soon after blast-off 
on January 28 falling its crew 
of seven. He said the President 
was expected to take the 
decision soon. 

• British proposaltA group of 
British design experts ‘of air- 
craft ejector seats have 
submitted a proposal to Nasa 
for their use in manned space- 
craft (Pearce Wright writes). 

Nasa has been studing the 

feasibility of an ejector escape 
system for its shuttle pro- 
gramme since the Challenger 
disaster in January. 

Even though the tape 
recording of the final con- 
versation between the Chal- 
lenger astronauts and ground 
control, which was released 
earlier this week, showed that 
the crew’s commander knew 
something had gone wrong, 
there was no suggestion that 
anyone might have escaped. 

But some space experts 
have suggested that in a 
serious but less catastrophic 
accident, ejector seats could be 
of value. 


’ J 

-r,-. — 

- 'v----::fefi:y3fe^sSySraffi 

Microchip battle 

Japan backs down 

over US dumping 

By Bill Johnstone, Technology Correspondent 

A US Coast Goard entter Bearing the Emonld Seas (above) 
after the explosion while passengers (left) jam a lifeboat 

US cruise passengers 
tell of blast terror 

i * 


- V - W, v-r _ , 

Miami (Renter) - Pas- 
sengers returning to port yes- 
terday on the fire-damaged 
crease liner Emerald Seas ibid 
of a panicky stampede to 
lifeboats, missing life preserv- 
ers, frightful screams from 

befaw decks aBd heroic deeds 
of crew members. 

Their holiday cruise turned 
into a nightmare on Wednes- 
day when au explosion and fire 
flared deep within the ship. 
Injuring 17 people and forcing 
almost a thousand passengers 
to flee in lifeboats. 

“For a few minutes I 
thought we were aB going to 
die, - " said Mrs Rebecca Gor- 
don, aged 46, a passenger of 
Charlotte, North Carolina. 

Mrs Gordon and her daugh- 
ter, Melissa, and 11, woe 
thro wn from then- beds by die 
concussion of tike blast me 
deck below them. Within sec- 
onds smoke began seeping into 
their cabin. Guided by a crew 

member, they managed to 
escape by crawling on their 
hands and knees through 
smoke-filled halls packed with 
screaming passengers. 

“People were trampling 
each other. Children and old 
ladies woe being shored 
aside,” Miss- Karin Lohrer, 
aged 23,-of Fort Min, Smith 
Carolina, another passenger, 

Passengers’ tales of panic 
differed sharply from initial 
statements by the ship’s own- l 
ers. Eastern Crtnse Lines. But 
the owners said an investiga- 
tion was under way. 

Mr Bernard Chabot, presi- 
dent of Eastern, said there was 
no ntdkatioa of sabotage. 

The company offered pas- 
sengers a 50 per cent refund or 
a free cruise in compensation 
for their aborted voyage. They 
paid between $500 (£336) and 
$1,000 dollars for the trip. 

Minutes before a midnight 
deadline elapsed on Wednes- 
day Japanese microchip ma- 
nufacturers agreed to increase 
prices of their products in tbe 
United States, in the face a 
threat by American authori- 
ties to impose duty if no agree- 
ment could be reached. 

The settlement is the climax 
of a battle that has raged for 
months between the Japanese, 
their American counterparts 
and the US Department of 
Commerce. The Japanese 
were accused of dumping mic- 
rochips on the US market and 
undermining the American 
electronics and computer in- 

8 per cent of the semi- 
conductor market in Japan. 

Mr Baldrige said: “The 
Japanese have agreed to ac- 
cept more memory chips by 
opening their market. There 
will be benchmarks as to how 
they are progressing in that 
area. It won’t be hard to find 
out. It’s not something they 
can run and hide from.” 

US semiconductor manu- 
facturers have been particu- 
larly nervous in recent months 
as the electronics industry 
remained in recession. The 

computer industry, one of the 
principal users of microchips, 
has experienced a drop in 
sales. A recent report pre- 
dicted a drop in the US 
computer sales this year of 17 
per cent to $14 billion. 

Many computer manufac- 
turers have had to shed labour 
and dose their factories. Semi- 
conductor manufacturers 
have suffered the same fate. 
The British microchip com- 
pany, Inmos, which is owned 
by Thom-Emi, closed its 
manufacturing arm in Colo- 
rado Springs, made about 400 
people redundant and wrote- 
off £45 million. 

It said: “This recovery has 
been much slower than fore- 
cast and it has become appar- 
ent that the substantial in- 
crease in worldwide capacity 
will exceed demand over the 
next two or three years”. 

Details of the US-Japanese 
agreement were disclosed yes- 
terday by US Commerce Sec- 
retary, Mr Malcolm Baldrige. 
“The Japanese have agreed 
not to dump in the United 
States, not to dump in third 
countries that could ship to 
the United States and open up 
the market for memory chips 
in Japan, which we feel has- 
been dosed to US exports.” he 

Implementation of the sec- 
ond part of the agreement 
might still prove a problem for 
tbe US. Japanese manufac- 
turers — and consumers — are 
notorious for buying Japanese 
unless a foreign product is 
obviously superior. American 
manufacturers only command 

The scheme suggested by 
Martin Baker Engineering, a 
film based at Denham, 
Buckinghamshire, uses a tech- 
nique designed for the Royal 
Air Force’s Vulcan V-botnber. 

The central crew member in a 
row of three seats ejects 
through his hatch. The other 
two men till their seats to- 
wards the same hole and are 
blasted ouL 

If a similar idea was 
adopted for the shuttle pro- 
gramme, it would mean build- 
ing three emergency escape 
hatches in tbe next shuttle, 
Orbiter, and redesigning the 
seating arrangements. 

Seaga rocked by 

local elections 

By Jeremy Taylor 

The possibility of early 
general elections has become 
an issue in Jamaica after a 
massive opposition victory to 
Tuesday's local government 

Mr Edward Seaga, the 
Prime Minister and leader iff 
the Jamaica Labour Party 
(JLP), conceded defeat late on 
Tuesday ztightBy then the 
opposition People's National 
Party (PNP) of Mr Michael 
Manley, the former prime 
minister, had won a dear 
majority of 99 seats to 39, with 
49 still to be declared. 

The PNP was expected to 
take 57 to 60 per cent of the 

The load elections had been 
postponed several times, and 
were the first chance Jamai- 
cans had to comment on Mr 
Seaga's record since 1980, 
when the JLP was swept into 
power promising “deliver- 
ance” from Mr Manley's 
democratic socialism. 

had no parliamentary pres- 
ence since. 

The drastic austerity mea- 
sares which Mr Seaga em- 
braced have sparked several 
periods of acute protest, 
including serious liberals in 
January and Jane last year. 

But on May 1, Mr Seaga 
announced the firrt optimistic 
and expansionary Badge* in 

He suggested that economic 
recovery was well mider way 
and ostentatiously defied the 
financial orthodoxy of the 
International Monetary Fund 
and the World Bank, on whose 
largesse and austere pofiries 
economic recovery had been 

Taking advantage of early 
firm action and American 
support, Mr Seaga called a 
snap election in late 1983, 
which he won with barely a 
vote cast against him. 

The PNP, claiming that an 
understanding on electoral re- 
form had been violated, boy- 
cotted the election, and has 

Sceptics argued that Mr 
Seaga was hoping that his 
Budget would ensure success 
in this week's voting and 
prepare the way for a third 
general election victory which 
would take him well into the 
1990s and leave plenty of tmie 
for further work on recovery. 

Mr Manley, somewhat mel- 
lowed and chastened since his 
socialist enthusiasms of the 
1970s, had finely described 
Tuesday's voting as a referen- 
dum on the Government’s 
record, and is now calling more 
fondly than ever for general 



Judge shot 
dead in 

talk peace ambush 

Addis Ababa (AP) — The 
Sudanese Prime Minister, Mr 
Sadiq ai-Mahdi, and Colonel 
John Garang, leader of the 
southern Sudanese rebels, met 
yesterday for discussions at 
the most senior level since 
Colonel Garang began his 
insurgency three years ago. 

A spokesman for the rebels, 
who identified himself as Cap- 
tain Daniel, refused to give the 

Col Garang is leader of the 
Sudan People’s Liberation 
Army, which is fighting for 
greater autonomy in southern 
Sudan and economic and 
administrative reforms. 

Mr al -Sadiq, whose Urania 
Party won most seats in the 
April election which returned 
Sudan to civilian government, 
was in Addis Ababa for the 
regular summit of the Organ- 
ization of African Unity. 

Bogota — A leading Colom- 
bian Supreme Court judge was 
assassinated here yesterday in 
what appeared to be a contract 
killing sponsored by the 
nation's nefarious drug mafia 
(Geoffrey Matthews writes). 

Dr Hernando Baquero 
Borda was killed when his 
official car was ambushed by 
armed men on two high-speed 
motorcycles. His wife was also 

Muslim insult 

Kuala Lumpur (Reuter) — A 
Malaysian court jailed New 
Zealand missionary Grant 
Terrence Nesdale for one day 
and fined him £166 for hurt- 
ing the religious feeling of a 
Muslim by saying: “Your 
Islam is not original, your 
Koran is not true and Prophet 
Muhammad is not true.” 

France jails 

Free again 

3 Basques 

The French Government 
expelled another a Basque 
refugee to Spain yesterday and 
jailed three suspected mem- 
bers of the French Basque 
separatist organization, 
Ipaneiarrak. on explosives 
and armed robbeiy charges 
(Our Foreign Stan wntes). 
Jose Luis Artola, a suspected 
member of Eta, who was 
handed over on Monday, 
alleged in court that be had 
been maltreated by Spanish 

Nicosia (Reuter) - Cyprus 
has freed Sami Anis Naken 
Nasr. aged 26, a Palestinian 
jailed for seven years in 
January for trying to smuggle 
arms hidden in wine bottles 
on a civilian flight from the 
island to Jordan, his defence 
lawyer said. No reason was 


Death fall 

Chamonix, France (AP) — 
Police- identified a British 
I climber who died in a fell in 
the Mont Blanc range as Frank 
Undley, aged 27, a student 
boro in BlackpooL 

Tins September; TSB Group shares will be offered 
for sale to the public. 

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The proceeds of the sale will be used for the 
development of the TSB. Not a penny will go to the 

The price of the shares will be announced later: 
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name with the TSB Group Share Information Office. 

TfouT be sent information about buying and selling 
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Inter-communal violence growing 

Gandhi under fire for ‘illiberal 
acts’ of Indian Government 

Just as Mr Rajiv Gandhi 
prepares to leave for London, 
where he will be the most 
influential Commonwealth 
leader trying to put Britain in 
the dock for its policy towards 
South Africa, the Indian Gov- 
ernment itself is accused of 
acting illiberally. 

Indian society, too, is being 
criticised for a growing wave 
of inter-communa! 

For good measure recent 
government actions have 
shown a high level of incom- 
petence in the upper reaches of 
the Indian power structure. 

The Government was ac- 
cused of a “black act” when it 
passed a Bill on Wednesday 
empowering it to refuse to 
publish official tribunal re- 
ports. if it considered it con- 
trary to the national interest. 

Opposition MPs walked out 
of the session of the Lok 
Sabha, the lower house of the 
Indian Parliament, when they 
failed to force the Govern- 
ment to publish the report of 
an inquiry into the assassina- 
tion of Mrs Indira Gandhi, the 
former prime minister. 

Professor Madhu Danda- 
vate, parliamentary leader of 
the opposition Janata party, 
who headed the walk-oul, 
described the Bill as “un- 
democratic and illegal". He 
said it was dangerous to leave 

From Michael Hamlyn, Delhi 

the executive to decide what tion did not a; 
was in the public interest 
The day before. Mr Gan- 
dhi's Government was ac- 
cused of attempting to create a 
dangerously undemocratic sit- 
uation when it tried to take 
powers to override state gov- 
ernments and legislate in all 
matters in areas declared 

to Jammu 
and Kashmir, which has a 
serious border problem with 

The Times of India, which 
opposes the Government, said 
yesterday: “Petroleum prices, 
the territorial transfers in Pun- 
jab, appointments of senior 

Killing s in renewed Pwyab violence 

A Sikh bank chairman and a 70, chairman of the Moga 
Hindu shopkeeper have been Land Mortagage B an k , was 
shot dead by saspected Sikh killed in Lan g jana village. The 
extremists in renewed violence shopkeeper, Mr Nam Lai, 
in Punjab (Renter reports from was shot in a separate inddeat 
Delhi). Mr A mar Singh, aged in Khiabi village. 

“protected" in border states. 

At a meeting with par- 
liamentary opposition leaders 
Mr Gandhi was told that the 
powers he was proposing were 
not only overbearing but un- 
necessary since they were 
already provided by the 
Constitution, though with 
greater democratic safeguards. 

With an angry eye on a 
junior minister in the Law 
Ministry who was accom- 
panying him and who had not 
apparently appreciated this 
point, Mr Gandhi withdrew 
the measure. 

But it was pointed out 
yesterday that even this was 
not quite right, since the 
specific clause in the Constitu- 

offidals and diplomats, im- 
portant economic policies — 
one thing after another tes- 
tifies to an amateurishness 
that everyone wishes the Gov- 
ernment would outgrow." 

The Government fumbled 
earlier this year in bringing 
before Parliament a Bill 
relieving Muslim men of the 
burden of paying alimony to 
their divorced wives. But the 
Bill now passed has led to the 
Government being accused of 
pandering to Muslim com- 

The Government is accused 
often enough of pandering to 
Hindu communalism, and 
commentators say that Mrs 
Gandhi “played the Hindu 

card" in trying to supress the 
Sikh agitation in Punjab. 

Recent events in Gujarat, 
where a Hindu p rocession was 
allowed to march through a 
predominantly Muslim area 
and so sparked long days of 
lethal rioting, are named on 
the Government 

In yesterday morning's pa- 
pers, to take but one day’s 
news, deaths from inter- 
communal incidents are re- 
ported from Darjeeling, In- 
dore. and Patna, and areas of 
Delhi were still under curfew 

Mr Kuklip Nayar, the 
distinguished columnist, who 
is also a correspondent fbr The 
Times, writes in an article in 
The Tribune, an F«gii«h lan- 
guage newspaper published 
from Chandigarh, the capital 
of Punjab and Haryana, that 
“no longer do die people 
belonging to one community 
feel that it is their duty as 
civilised human beings to 
ensure that the susceptibilities 
of the members of other 
communities are not hurt". 

Mr Nayar, who is himself a 
Punjabi Hindu, writes that the 
Puqjab situation has affected 
the Hindu psyche. “The 
majority community has dev- 
eloped a siege mentality," he 
says. He adds that “the 
Government's attitude to 
communalism betrays com- 

The American born wife of 

US Vke-Plnesidenfs wife, 

Mrs Barbara Bush, the 
in Amman. 

Zimbabwe customs men lose appeal 

Harare - The Zimbabwe 
Supreme Court dismissed an 
appeal yesterday against the 
continued detention without 
trial of two white senior 
customs officers alleged to 
have spied for South Africa 
(Jan Raath writes). 

The decision ends six 

months of legal battles since 
the arrest on February 22 of 
Mr John Austin, aged 36, and 
Mr Kenneth Harper, aged 43. 

Five court rulings that their 
detention was illegal and three 
subsequent release orders 
have been followed by their re- 

The courts have ruled that 
the reasons given for their de- 
tentions were flimsy 
But yesterday, Mr Justice 
Enock Dumbutshena, the 
Chief Justice, said reasons for 
the latest detention order on 
June 26 were “sufficiently 


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Era ends 
in British 

From A Correspondent 

The 34-year Bennett politi- 
cal dynasty in British Colum- 
bia will come to an end next 
week when Mr Bill Vander 
Zalm takes over as Social 
Credit Party leader and Pre- 
mier of the province. 

He quit active politics be- 
fore the 1983 election after 
serving in several ministries 
after his first electoral victory 
in 1975. 

Mr Vander Zalm. with 
grassroots support but not that 
of the party hierarchy, led 
from the first of four ballots in 
the leadership campaign that 
attracted 22 candidates. 

Mr Bennett announced his 
retirement this summer after 
serving as Premier since 1 975. 
He took over the party from 
his father, Mr W A C Bennett, 
in 1972 following defeat by the 
New Democratic Party. 

The elder Mr Bennett 
founded the coalition Liberal- 
Conservative Party as a means 
of bolding bade the Socialist 

Mr Vander Zalm, aged 52, 
is a native of the Netherlands 
who was brought to Canada at 
the age of 12. He built up a 
multi-million nursery and 
gardening export company 
Since the party's term does 
not expire until 1988, the new 
Premier plans to seek a seat in 
a by-election before October. 

Bush plan 
for summit 
by Jordan 

Amman (AFP) — Mr 
George Bush, the US Vice- 
President. met Jordanian 
. leaders here yesterday for 
Y; sr ?. talks which mainly focused on 
efforts to revive the flagging 
&&K Middle East peace process, 
authoritative sources said. 

But despite Mr Bosh's en- 
coaragemenf, the sources said 
the Jordanian side rejected 
any plan for a summit between 
King Husain and Mr Shimon 
Peres, the Israeli Prime Min- 
ister. similar to last week’s 
meeting between the Israeli 
leader and King Hassan of 

Mr Bush conferred yes- 
terday with Mr Zeid Rifai, the 
Jordanian Prime Minister, 
and Crown Prince Hassan Ibn 
Total- He met King Husain on 
Wednesday evening shortly 
after arriving from Israel for a 
four-day official visit 
Mr Bush said on Wednes- 
day in Jerusalem that he 
would be taking ideas to 
Amman that Mr Peres asked 
him to pass on to King Husain. 

But Jordanian sources said 
Amman would torn down any 
separate peace deal with Is- 
rael. Jordan would only talk 
with Israel at an international 
Middle East conference. 

Uam Casey, the US Central 
InteHigence Agency (CIA) 
director, visited Israel this 
month. Israeli security sources 
said (Reuter reports). 

Israeli military censorship 
prevented Renters from re- 
porting the subject of Mr 
Careys talks. 

A US television network 
reported last night that he 
visited Israel and Syria in a 
bid to prevent war between 

There has been tension 
between the two countries over 
Syria's military construction 
in southern Lebanon, its re- 
ported acquisition of Soviet 
SS21 surface-to-surface mis- 
siles and its backing for Arab 
guerrillas, who have claimed 
responsibility for a recent 
series of attacks on Israeli 

The Israeli security sources 
confirmed Mr Carey’s visit but 
said the intelligence chief was 
a regular visitor. 

Syria denied yesterday that 
Mr Casey had visited that 

• Border marked: An Egyp- 
tian border marker went np on 
a hillside in the disputed beach 
resort of Taba yesterday 
morning as negotiators were 
carrying out an on-site inspec- 
tion of the area (Ian Murray 

The marker was put np -by 
the Egyptian delegation, who 
had arrived in Taba first- It 
was removed after protests by 
the tardy Israeli delegation, 
who desorbed die incident as 
“psychological warfare” in the 
last stages of the marathon 
four year long argument over 
who should have s o ve r e ignl y 
over the tiny area. 

After the inspection of the 
700-yard-long beach the two 
teams retired to the nearby 
Israeli resort of EQat to dis- 
cuss how to measure the 
disputed area 

Wellington budget 
hits tax dodgers 

Richard Long, Wellington 

Mr Roger Douglas, the New But Mr Douglas once again 

earned the displeasure oftbe 
country's Federation of La- 
bour, which said there was 
nothing in the Budget for the 

Zealand Finance Minister, last 
night presented to Parliament 
a Budget which promised to 
close lax loopholes and thwart 
company tax evasion. 

He did not give de tails of 
the proposed measures, which 
he claimed could save mil- 
lions of dollars a year in 
evaded tax. 

But be said the new tax rules 
would be modelled on Ca- 
nadian legislation to bring the 
tax treatment of certain 
expenditure and income clo- 
ser to normal accounting 

He also ruled out the future 
use of special partnerships as a 
lax dodge — a move dubbed 
Draconian by some business 
sectors — and warned that 
legislation would be in- 
troduced to ban business ex- 
pense deductions unless bus- 
inesses declared a profit 

First-year depreciation 
allowances of 25 per cent on 
new plants and equipment are 
scrapped, except for farming 
and fishing equipment but 
these will also go in 1988. 

But while the changes were 
disliked by some sectors, the 
country's Chamber of Com- 
merce, Manufacturers Federa- 
tion and Employers Feder- 
ation, which have supported 
the thrust of the free-market 
Minister’s reforms, gave the 
Budget their approval 

For the man in the street the 
main features were a 70 cent 
(24p) rise for a packet of 20 
cigarettes, taking the price to 
SNZ2.50 (87p) a packet, and a 
6 cent a litre drop in the price 
of petrol, to 76 cents a litre, 
premium grade. But the petrol 
pnee drop will be a two- 
month wonder as the Govern- 
ment’s VAT-style goods and 
services tax, to be applied 
from October, will increase 
the price to 84 cents. 

Mr Douglas said the price of 
new cars would increase by 5 
per cent under the expenditure 
tax, although previously the 
Government had said sales 
tax would be adjusted to 
prevent price fluctuations. 

The most dramatic feature 
of the Budget was a plan to re- 
finance $NZ7J2 billion (£15 
billion) of the debt problems 
of the New Zealand meat and 
dairy boards and the so-called 
. think big" projects built dur- 
ing the government of Mr 
Robert Muldoon. 

Mr Douglas described the 
of the projects on die 
taxpayer as “mad", “crazy” 
and “mind-boggling". 

Whacked mugger jailed 

whoiras thrasLedwift Ramos when he trial m 

bar be tried to escape 
a parasol by the 87-war-Au 011 a h*cyc« after stealing ber 

Jose Ramos, aged 38, plead- 
ed gaflry to robbery charges 
and Justice Peter McQmUan 
of the state Supreme Court 
sentenced him to two to four 
years m prison. 

gSA «£$ 

New \orkers by belabouring 

Parasol was bent from the 
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by and tried to pedal away. A 
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held him 

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A special- commission sp- 
irited by the Philippine 
__ pimne Court recommended 
yesterday that 26 people, 
including the former military . 
Chief of StafE be retried ra- 
the 1983 minder of the then 
opposition leader, Benigno 
Aquino* the husband of Presi- 
dent Aquino. 

In a 63-page report, the 
three-member commission re- 
commended the Supreme 
Court declare a mis-triai and 
reopen the case, because out- 
side pressure ted to the mass 

ft said there was “adequate 
credible evidence'’ to show 
that the three-man trial court 
and' the prosecution “acted 
under the compulsion of some 
pressure beyond, their 
capacity to resist” when it- 
acquitted the former armed 
forces Chief of Staf£ General 
Fabian Ver, 24 soldiers and a 
civilian last December . 

The ten-month trial last 
year was “vitiated by lack of 
due process” which prevented 
the prosecution from present- 
ing -all available evidence 
against the accused and 
“predetermined the final out- 
come” the commissioners 

During one month of public 
hearings, the chief prosecutor. 

from Keith Dalton, Manila « 

Mr Manuel Herrera, alleged 
that the former president, Mr 
Ferdinand Marcos called toe 
chief judge and the prosecut- 
ing panel to the presidential 
palace and suggested that they 
stages mock trial. 

Mr Herrera also testified to 
toe .commission, headed by 
Mr Coniado Vasquez, a re- 
tired judge, that Mr Marcos 
monitored the proceedings by 
dosed circuit television and 
seve ral tim es telephoned toe 



The commission's recom- 

Mr Coniado Vasqaez: report 
daints pressure at trial. 

mendafions upheld a petition 
filed by a group of prominent 
Filipinos ' that a nrisdrial be 
declared anda new trial called. 

The Supreme Court’s de- 
cision will be announced after 
toe prosecution and defence 
ponds receive comes of the 
commission’s report and re-, 
spond to it within 10 days, Mr 
Gandio Teehankee, the Chief 
Justice, said. 

Corat officials said the 
recommendations of the three 
commissioners — all hand- 
picked by the Supreme Court 
jostiees— would weigh heavily 
m favour ofa re-trimdedskm 
by the High Court. - * 

Mr Aquino was murdered 
at Manila airport in August 
1983 on his retain from toree 
years self-imposed exile in the 
united States. Before that he 
was held for almost eight years 
under military detention. 

Before his death, he was 
regarded as Mr Marcos’s chief 
political rivaL 
His slaying triggered mass 
protests which culminated in 
February’s civilian-backed 
military revolt, toppled the 
20-year Marcos regime, and 
swept Mis Aquino to power. 

Former General Ver, who 
was charged as an aocemory in 
the case, fled with Mr Marcos 
to exile in Hawaii. 

Prem gets nod for 
his third term 
as Thai premier 

; away a time bomb hi his helmet 
defused to a Bangkok theatre. 

Bangkok (Reuter) — 
Thailand’s largest political 
party nominated General 
Pren Tins wtewna da yesterda y 
fir a third term as Prime 
Mkrister and national leaders 
met to fora a new government 
with mprece d ented House 

King Bhmribol was ex- 
pected to appoint General 

Prem as leader soon after toe 
Democrats decided to join toe 
Chart Thai and Social Action 
(SAP) parties in a new co- 
aHtfoa g overnm ent a Demo- 
crat spokesman said. 

A party press statement 
called General Prem a “good 
and honest man” worthy of 
setting ap a Cabinet to admin- 
ister the comtry. 

A senior government official 
said intermediaries of General 
Chaovalit Yongchaqrath, the 
Army commander and a 
staunch su pp o rte r of General 
Prem, have asked political 
leaden to waste no time in 
forming the coatitioa. 

He raid General Chaovalit 
was concerned that small 
street demo n strations protest- 
ing Mgamtt General Prem’s 
return as an melected Premier 
during the past three days 
could lead to Barest. 

The Democrat n o n ri naffo n 
removed toe last major oppo- 
sition in the 347-seat Lower 
House to General Pram’s re- 
turn. Their 100 seals coupled 

wito the 63 of the Chart Thai 
and tiie 51 occupied by tire 
SAP would give General Ptem 
a dear majority- The General 
has been in office since 1980 . 

He met one senior Democrat 
official yesterday to discuss 
the new government and Cabi-i 
net posts, bat negotiation* 
wito toe leaders of toe toree 
major political parties coaid 
take ap to a week to complete. 

General Prem and the Army 
may want to confine toe 
traitition of reserving the min- 
istries of Defence, Interior and 
Finance for non-politicians. 
General Prem has been the 
Defence Minister since 1979. 

The General, who did not 
ran in last Sunday’s general 
elections, has not commented 
on his plans. He delayed Ms 
return yesterday to Bangkok 
from his north-eastern provin- 
cial home, which he says is 

“free from worry”. 

Daring the election cam- 
paign the Democrats asked 
General Preai to step aside for 
Mr Bbtehai Rattekal, toe 
leader of the biggest Mock of 
elected deputies, but Chart 
Thai and SAP asked him to 
stay on to Mock the Democrat 
chief from office. 

A few Jumdred students and 
mrionists pr otes tin g against 
General Prem’s expected re- 
tain rallied peacefully outside 
Parliament and Government 
House yesterday. 

US official 
happy with 

arms talks 

From Robert Grieves 


Dr Kenneth Adelman, the 
Director of the US Anns 
Control and Disarmament 
Agency yesterday hailed . 
China’s “greater involve- 
ment” in arms control issues. 

Dr Adelman arrived in 
Peking on Tuesday with a 
delegation of US arms control 
specialists, for talks with the 
Chinese on US disarmament 
initiatives. He last visited 
Peking in 1984. In 198S a 
Chinese delegation went to 
Washington. Last week Soviet 
officials visited Peking to put 
their care in toe disarmament 

Dr Adelman Said he found 
the Chinese to be “quite open, • 
frank and direct” and more 
interested in discussing arms 
control issues than at any 
previous time. 

But he admitted that he did 
not detect any change in 
China's continuing opposition 
to the US Strategic Defence 
Initiative (SDI). 

Dr Adelman said: “We are 
at the beginning stage of re- 
search, and the strategic re- 
sults are not yet dear. But I be- 
lieve SDI is here to stay.” 

He also briefed the Chinese 
on the contents of a tetter 
President Reagan sent to Mr 
Gorbachov on nuclear 

Malaysian election 

Opposition faces 
one-sided contest 

FtomhlG.G. Pfllai, Kuala Lampur 

Malaysia's general elec- 
tions uenoafly are devoid of 
surprises: the Government 
«f«nd« on its record whfle the 
opposition tries to whittle 
away as much ttf its huge 
official majority us it can. It 
has always beat an unequal 

The rating coatitioa has won 
by at least a two-thuds major- 
ity in every previous election 
except in 19ti> when it won by 
61 per cent. 

The general election tomor- 
row and Sunday is not ex- 
pected to cause an upset. At 
stake are 177 partiameutary 
and 351 state assembly seats. 
Elections also are befog held 
for .11 of Jh& - I? t -state 

On nomination day . toe nd- 
fog National Front coatitioa 
was returned unopposed in six 
parliamentary and eight state 
assembly cuustitaendtg, JGi 
toe fray toree main 
groajnngs famed: .toe Na- 
tional Frtmt, the People’s Jus- 
tice Movement — a loose 
arrangement of four parties 
led by the theocratic Parti 
Isbun Malaysia (PAS), and 
the urban-based Democratic 
Action Party. 

Electoral swings in Malay* 
sia do not come about on urban 
issues. It is toe rural vote that 
keeps toe coatitioa in power 
because issues tike toe new 
economic poficy, toe Govern- 
ment's alleged mishandling of 
a banking and provident fund, 
and other official acts of 
commission and onussfoo are 
discounted In the count r y side, 
where tome Is more concern 
over low prices for rice, palm- 
oil and rubber. 

Even the fi m da me u faBst Is- 
lamic press ur es that upset the 
urban community make no 
Impact In the rural 
areas.Traditioaal conservative 
Muslims see nothing wrong in 
an Islamic state as envisaged 
in toe Koran. The rating 
coatitioa and PAS are both 
committed to blamization, but 
they differ on toe form it woedd 

Another election issue is the 
IS million Illegal Muslim 
immigrants from I nd one si a 
and the Philippines. Once 
they were regarded as merely 
boosting the number of Mus- 
fims in toe country and of- 
ficials turned a blind eye as 
many jnmped the queue to 
become permanent resklents 
and citizens ahead rtf time. 

But now they are seen to be 

talcing jabs h difficult 
MNuieomfitioiia. The Govern- 
ment Ins acknowledged that, 
as 10 per cent of toe popula- 
tion, they also pose a security 

In toe urban areas, toe 
Government is also being chal- 
lenged by the non-Malay 
opposition, which is largely 

The Chinese pcfitical out- 
look has waited and waned 
wito official moves In redace 
its cultural, educational and 
business presence. The com- 
munity fears that an extension 
of toe new eco n o mi c policy 
beyond 1990 would make un- 
certain its fong-tera viaMBty 
and future. 

lit mute problem, however, 
is itr political nalvetyl The 
shrewd businessman has not 
turned out to be 
politician and the 

bytirtetiy related 
itS rtdnced political clout as 
■dried from compromise to 

Another issue likdy to have 
impact In the urban areas is 
the generally abrasive, domin- 
eering style of government of 
Datnk Seri Dr Mahathir 
Mohamad, the Prime Min- 
ister. He brooks no opposition, 
even from his Cabinet min- 
isters. and often 
policies without Cabinet dis- 

When the economy was 
looking good, this was tol- 
erated. But lately there has 
bees more criticism afhis style 
and more airfot 
that several of his friends have 
benefited financially from Ms 
friendship- A current 
troverey hinges oa how Mr 
Dana Zafonddin, toe Finance 
Minister, gained majority con- 
trol of a leading bank. 

The opposition political par- 
ties are campaigning 
platform of denying toe Gov- 
ernment its two-thirds major- 
ity. In toe dissolved House the 
Government had 132 of the 
154 seats. This time it should 

is 118. For toe opposition 
parties ft would be a major 
hurdle to seesre toe other 59 

In toe 11 state assembly 
elections, toe National Front 
could win aD hut one or two 
states. PAS says it can take 
both Trcaggann and Kelautan 
states, with an even chance in 
Kedah and Perak. The DAP b 
making a hid to unseat toe 
coatitioa fo Penang, but toe 
odds are against It 

Jakarta sets up team 
to spend aid faster 

Jakarta (Reuter) - Indo- 
nesia has a set up a special 
. ministerial team to solve one 
of its most pressing problems 
— how to spend aid money 
more quickly. 

The group has been an- 
nounced after complaints 
from aid donas and the 
World Bank about slow im- 
plementation of development 

According to the World 
Bank, Indonesia had spent less 
than half of its oustandmg 
Bank aid of S7.44 billion 
(about £10 billion) up to 
December. Total loans from 
donor governments and inter- 
national tending agencies 
amounted to $24.64 billion, of 
which $9.56 bitiion had not 
been spent, it said. 

In its annual report on 
Indonesia the Bank said that 
spending was well below the 
worldwide average. 

Jakarta ha$ r Mamed the 
delays on land acquisition 
problems, budgeting and fi- 

nance procedures, finding 
suitable sub-contractors, poor 
management and red tape. It 
says that the new team, which 
is headed by the minister in 
charge of administrative re- 
form, Dr Saleh Afi£ would be 
able to cut through die delays. 

“It may make on-the-spot 
decisions and bypass time- 
consuming aud complicated 
procedures which delay the 
implementation of a project," 
the Cabinet Secretary, Mr 
Munfiono, said. 

Indonesia has been hard hit 
by foiling oil prices, from 
which it gets 70 per cent of its 
foreign exchange: It was 
forced to cut its development 

Aid projects indude new 
rubber plantations, dams, 
roads, bousing, resettlement 
and electrification schemes. 

At their latest meeting in 
The Hague in June, 14 aid 
donors, including the World 
Bank, pledged a total of SZ5 
billion in assistance this year. 


‘A year of considerable 

and record sales? 

These are the highHghts of the electricity supply industry’s 
performance in 1985/86 - a year in which the industry achieved 
a profit after interest of £414 miBion. 

A year in which sales of electricity achieved the highest 
levels ever and the number of customers rose by 215,648 to 
almost 2L5 million. 

A year in which the industry demonstrated its competitive- 
ness. Over the last 5 years, prices have fallen in real terms by 
about 10%. 

Chairman of the Electricity Council, Sir Philip Jones, said 
that these achievements reflected the greatest credit on all staff 
The industry would continue to encourage the fefiective use of 
electricity through reduced costs and an improved environment 
at home arid at work 

For a copy of the Annual Report and Accounts (price £2.50), 
please write to Public Relations Department, 30 MiDbank, 
London SW1P 4RD. 

Energy for Life 






Caging the 


of Sicily 

r fJWjj f# 

1***^ lit 

I-:*! lip V’*:'. jt ill 

As the Mafia trial in Palermo enters its 
seventh month, with hundreds facing 
charges from murder to kidnapping, 
Caroline Moorehead explores the change of 
mood — and the considerable risks — that 
enabled the Mafiosi to be brought to book 

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A large poster hangs on the wall of 
a second-floor flat m a quiet street 
lined with flowering oleanders La 
the middle of Palermo. It is an 
invitation to attend a public 
debate in Monreale, a city that 
contains the greatest and most 
splendid of the Norman mosaic 
churches. The date on the poster is 
February 1981; the title of the 
debate Mafia Oggi — Mafia 

There were four speakers: 
Rocco Chinnici, a magistrate, 
famous for his insistence that 
ordinary Sicilians should resist the 
manipulations of the Mafia; Pio 
La Torre, a Communist deputy, 
who proposed a law permitting 
magistrates to look into the bank 
accounts of people suspected of 
laundering Mafia funds; Gaetano 
Costa. Palermo's attorney-general, 
willing signatory to the arrest 
warrants of wanted Mafiosi ; and 
Umberto Santini, director of the 
Centro Siciliano di document- 
al i one Giuseppe Jmpastato, a 
research centre on die Mafia, 
where the poster hangs. Of the 
four men, only Santini is alive 

Palermo, the drugs 
capital of the world 

today. He says he owes this to the 
fad that, alone of the four, he has 
“no power and no money". 

Chinnici, La Torre and Costa, 
who had, if not precisely power, at 
least a public presence and a voice 
loud enough to earn the enmity of 
the Mafia, all died within a few 
months of each other, shot down 
in the streets of Palermo. Santini is 
one of a small and brave collection 
of Sicilians, particularly in Pa- 
lermo. the undisputed centre of 
Mafia activities, to be conducting 
private battles to check the still 
formidible power of the Mafia 
cosche, or families. 

His wife Anna is a member of 
the .Association of Sicilian Women 
against the Mafia, formed by the 
widows of some of the murdered 
officials. Like the others. Santini is 
watching the Palermo Mafia trial 
— which opened in February and 
is the largest trial of Mafia 
suspects ever held — with interest, 

though also with some scepticism. 
“What is important is that the trial 
is happening, and seen to be 
happening," he says. “ It is the 
first time in Sicilian history that 
the state has shown that it intends 
to deal with the Mafia." 

In Sicily they call it the nurd- 
processor. the maxi-triaL There are 
474 men on trial, 100 of whom 
have not been caught but are being 
tried in absentia. Among those 
captured is Luciano Liggio, who at 
1 9 was the youngest Mafia chief in 
Sidlian history and rose to be- 
come the most feared leader in the 
modem Mafia. Liggio looks like a 
wise and ageing professor of 
linguistics at some northern 
university, with a cold stare above 
a peppery, dark beard. 

Then there are the Greco broth- 
ers, Michele and Salvatore. Mi- 
chele comes to the trial in a yellow 
cardigan a neat, portly figure more 
readily imagined behind the desk 
of a provincial bank. His speciality 
is said to be the disposal of bodies. 
These three are considered the 
most valued captives. 

Alongside are ordinary men of 
the Mafia. They may look like 
teachers or lony drivers but they 
are in the dock on trial for arms 
trading trafficking in cocaine and 
heroin on a scale which has made 
Palermo the drugs capital of the 
world, and for about 1 00 different 
murders. There are also charges of 
kidnapping and extortion, but 
these are spoken of as small 

For trying these men a vast new 
courtroom has been built in 
reinforced concrete and steel 
within the Ucciardone prison in 
the centre of Palermo. Visitors 
come to gaze at the great fortress 
and most particularly at the 
armoured personnel carriers, like 
small tanks, manned and guarded 
by soldiers in bullet-proof vests. 
The tourists also speculate about 
the famed steel cages in which 
those on trial are kept, and 
without which the violence might 
become uncontainable. 

The Palermo trial was bom out 
of a feeling of disgust, a revulsion 
against the violence which was 
apparently overwhelming the city. 
The late 1970s had seen a lull in 
Mafia killings after the terrible 
slaughter of the 1960s, when rival 

Massive security for the maxi-trial: the barred courtroom cage built for the trial inside Palermo’s Ucciardone prison, a fortress guarded by armed soldiers 

Mafia families tore themselves 
apart with car bombs placed all 
over Palermo. The Mafia leaders 
spent those years moving into a 
new field, setting up international 
connections, mainly with heroin 
traffickers in Marseilles. With the 
subsequent rise in financial stakes 
came violence. At the end of 1 980 
another war broke out between 
mafiosi in the capital. 

It began with the strange mur- 
der of a monk in his cell in the 
Convent of Santa Maria di Gesu, 
where police found no Franciscan 
poverty but seven cells containing 
arms, liquor and colour television 
sets, as well as evidence of links to 
known Mafia drug traffickers. The 
violence spread to take in the 
assassination of other Mafia mem- 
bers, then carabinieri, journalists 
and magistrates. By the end of 
1981, more than 100 people had 
died violently in Palermo alone. 

Rome resolved to fight back. 
Genera] Carlo Alberto dalla 
Chiesa, veteran of the struggles in 
mainland Italy against the Red 
Brigades, was named Prefect of 
Palermo. He had been in Sicily 
less than four months when he and 
his wife were ambushed in their 
car. Other magistrates and police- 
men died after them, but by now 
the arrests had begun. 

About five tons of pure heroin a 
year was being produced in Sicily's 
morphine refineries. It was 
shipped to the United States and 
other parts of Europe, bringing in 
about 700, OCX) . million lire (more 
tharr£300 million) per annum. At 
the height of the drug days, police 
believe that about 30,000 people 
were benefiting from the narcotics 

When it was known that the 
Mafia were to stand trial, the 
citizens of Palermo, not unnatu- 
rally, became alarmed. Who 
would be brave enough to do jury 
service in a city where almost 
nothing is done without Mafia 
permission? When summoned, 
jurors pleaded illness, family 

W&Z J 

K - >-• 


Luciano Liggio: ‘like a wise ageing professor’ Mourning a Mafia killing 

responsibilities, sudden foreign 
journeys; a young woman teacher 
said quite simply that she was too 
frightened. But a jury was found; a 
sign, say local people, that or- 
dinary Sicilians today fed as 
sickened as do those in authority 
by what has been happening, and 
that they are no longer prepared to 
go along with the traditional 
Italian notion that the Mafia is a 
myth, a legend invented by north- 
erners to express their contempt 
for the primitive, rugged, civiliza- 
tion of the extreme south. 

galvanized the entire city. When 
Tommaso Buscetta began reciting 
his list of names, dates, trans- 
actions, assassinations and threats 
in a dispassionate, somewhat 
clinical manner, hundreds of Sicil- 
ians queued from dawn down the 
narrow street which leads to the 
Ucciardone gates for one of the 

Buscetta is now in prison in the 
United States, h is not known 
whether he will survive there, but 
it is certain that he could never 
survive in any Italian jail. Super- 
penitents have short lives. 

Nothing to lose in 
turning state witness 

- From .the day it opened in 
February, the maxi-processo has 
revolved around the evidence of 
the super-pentiti, often in a highly 
dramatic way. These super-grasses 
are something new in Mafia 
history. They are Mafiosi who 
have decided that they have 
nothing to lose in turning state 
witness. The old rules of conduct 
that bound a uomo d’onore, a man 
of honour, to unbreakable silence 
have lost their force. The singing 
of this new breed of turncoats has 

seats in the public gallery. It was 
true theatre, say those who man- 
aged to get in. 

The feet that Buscetta himself 
seemed to be speaking out of a 
sense of nostalgia for an older 
Mafia, where such random vi- 
olence would not have been 
condoned and where Mafia lead- 
ers. men of respect, wielded local 
justice probably no more brutal 
than that imposed by generations 
of feudal landowners, added to the 
sense of drama. 

More recently, a new super- 
pentito has captured the imagina- 
tion of the public galleries. 
Vincenzo Sinagra is a small, 
stocky man in his early thirties, 
with receding hair and the slightly 
puzzled and injured air of a garage 
mechanic who has been accused of 
felling to find a fault in an ailing 
engine. He comes as a surprise as a 
“man of respect": there is some- 
thing too furtive, too excitable in 
his manner. 

Sinagra arrives in the court- 
room scurrying between two lines 
of carabinieri, who walk so closely 
together that his head can barely 
be seen from between their tall, 
khaki shoulders. From the 20 
cages lining the immense green 
painted courtroom, those on trial 
stare out propped against the 



1 Hastens (6) 

Why I didn’t play to the gallery SATURDAY 

5 Being (6) 

8 Noi Sirin (3) 

9 Large prawns (6) 

10 Chous cake (6) 

11 Livel> Scois dance 

12 Peasant's revolt lead- 
er (3.5) 

14 PuMicdisturtunce 

17 Pumper (6) 

19 % ild drug experience 

22 Whirlpool (4) 

24 Tear from (3.3) 

25 Lure i4.2) 

26 7ih Greek teller (3) 

27 Superficial appear- 
ance (61 

28 Almost (6) 

Neil MacGregor, appointed Director 
of the National Gallery yesterday, was 
not the trustees 1 first choice. American 
Edmund Pillsbury rejected the job . . . 


2 Parent's bitilhcr (5) 

3 Gestapo head (71 

4 Ships aid slope (7) 

5 School leave (5) 

6 Keep score (5) 

7 Three-tiered galley 

13 In addition (3) 

15 Stealthy (7) 

16 Enquire (J) 

17 N E Spain language 

18 Bartered Bride com- 
poser (7) 

20 Expiate (5) 

21 Tender (5) 

23 Gloat ovct (5) 

out of his 45-minute interview 
with the trustees of the Na- 
tional Gallery with his mind 
already made up. He would 
withdraw his application for 
the post of director, consid- 
ered to be one of the plum jobs 
of the artistic establishment. 

But even as his letter of 

withdrawal was being read by 
the Civil Service officials to 
whom it was addressed, the 
trustees, under their chairman 
Jacob Rothschild, decided 
that Pillsbury was the man for 
the job. 

Hurried telephone calls 
were made: would be witb- 

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draw his resignation? Under 
pressure, he said he would. 
His name went to Downing 
Street for approval by Mrs 
Thatcher, but now Pillsbury, 
Director of the Kimball Mu- 
seum at Fori Worth in Texas, 
was having second thoughts 

As the Prime Minister rub- 
ber-stamped Finsbury's 
appointment, he was talking it 
over with his wife, Mireille. 
He should not have changed 
his mind in the first place, 
they concluded: he would 
withdraw completely. 

The decision created 
shockwaves around the artis- 
tic establishment and severely 
embarrassed the trustees. 
Pillsbury, on holiday in Ven- 
ice with his family, is un- 
moved and points to two 
factors which made up his 
mind. Excessive bureaucracy 
and latent anti-Americanism 
would have made his task 
impossible, he says. 

“1 withdrew on what I 
surmised to be the general 
sentiment in Britain and what 
I worked out at the interview 
from some of the questions 
that were- asked”, he says. 
“The interview itself was 
enough for me to decide I 
didn't want to be a 

While Pillsbury insists: that 
he has no wish to be critical of 
the trustees, he points out that 
a short interview is an un- 
realistic way of assessing a 
candidate’s capabilities for 
such an important job. “I was 
asked at the end if I had any 
questions. I put two very short 
questions and got rather 
ambiguous answers to them, 
and that was that." 

He says that in order for any 
candidate to have any con- 
fidence in the job there should 
be more far-reaching dis- 
cussions between the trustees 
and the applicant 

“Then there were the can- 

around the gallery, he says. 

“In the end it was probably 
unfortunate that the trustees — 
if they did want me — didn't 
see that 1 was giving up a very 
exciting position and would 
have to make some tremen- 
dous sacrifices. I have what 
many people consider to be 
the best job for a museum 
professional in the United 

£12,000 to be won 

Unrepentant: PfUsbmry, 
the National's first choice 

didates — there were 10 of 
them. One was an academic, 
three were internal can- 
didates, two were museum 
directors from Edinburgh and 
Liverpool one was editor of 
an art magazine and one was 
an architectural historian." 

was a smorgasborg. That in 
itself set some warning lights 
flashing — I gained the im- 
pression that the trustees and 
the Civil Service did not have 
any idea of what son of 
candidate they were looking 
for. They were playing politics 
with the job." 

“I was thrilled and 
honoured to be invited to 
become director", he says. 
“But in the process that the 
Civil Service have there is a 
presumption that those who 
apply for the job will accept it 

“Is that an entirely appro- 
priate system, where a can- 
didate would accept the job 
without wanting to sit down 
and discuss some aspect of the 
position and the institution 
before signing on the dotted 

The process, he says, might 
be more appropriate to the 
hiring of shop assistants. He 
points to the multi-faceted 
aspects of the job, including 
fund-raising, acquisitions, the 
notorious National Gallery 
extension and so on. He was 
not even invited to look 

HIS BEING an American was 
likely to be a continuing 
liability. “I lack what I fell was 
an important qualification, 
something that was essential 
for success in the job, from the 
British people's point of view: 
I wasn't British. I felt that lack 
would lead to divisions later if 
not sooner. That assumption 
was based on what I read in 
the press and what the trustees 
said to me. 

“Jacob Rothschild himself 
was quoted as saying that, all 
others factors being equal, 
he'd like to appoint a British 
nationaL" He laughs again. “It 
is important for the Director 
of the National Gallery to be 
British, don't you think?" 

Of the gallery itself he says: 
“It's highly bureaucratic, it 
has unions, it doesn't operate 
independently but as part of a 

Jock Lemmon: staga-otruefc flbn star 

government agency, it’s a 
Civil Service institution. 

“I believe the director is 
subject to most of the regula- 
tions which apply to civil 
servants in terms of his 
authority and his freedom to 
carry on certain activities. It 
also has trustees who may or 
may not make the job more 
efficient In trying to achieve 
anything there would be more 
players involved than I am 
used to, including various 
government departments.” 

Pillsbury says he has no 
regret other than not having 
stuck with his original de- 
cision. “When I was ap- 
pointed it was a question of 
‘Come on, make up your 
mind 1 . Well, I did. 1 have been ’ 
at Kimball Museum for five 
and a half years and I have 
many more exciting chal- 
lenges there ahead of me." 

Christopher Wilson 

A tonic for Lemmon 

;rm like a two-year-old lad again", says Jack 
Lemmon of his debut on the London stagemSt 
week. The star of countless comic filmsplaysa 

MiUer > PTOd^ of 
t- Lo ° 8 ^ s J ourney Into Night. In 
* Tun ?s tomorrow, he looks forward to 
tourings with the play and talks of his “odd 

couple partnership with Waher Matthau 

California Behind the 

North and south 
of ’Frisco 




Can you always get your copy of The Times? 

Dear Newsagent, please deliver/saveme a copy ofThe Tkaei 



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bars, like men waiting for a bus. 
There is silence. Sinagra is led into 
a bullet-proof transparent box 
with only the front open to the 
judges, prosecutors and 16 
tricolour-sashed jury members, 
whom he feces. Distilled later, 
reproduced at length page after 
page in Sicily’s daily papers. 
Sinagra'5 tale is chilling, particu- 
larly when he explains that he has 
killed a man himself, simply 
“because I didn't like his face". In 
Palermo, everyone follows the 
day’s evidence, reporting it to each 
other much like the World Cup 

The maxi-processo is not the 
first Mafia trial nor the only one to 
put men in cages. Fights against 
Mafia power have been going on 
ever since Mussolini first saw 
them as a serious threat, while 
successive anti-Mafia commis- 
sions have spent decades chron- 
icling and contemplating their 
crimes. What they have failed to 
do. and what every inquiry since 
has failed to do, is to establish the 
suspected links which bind the 
Mafia to the political structure of 

These links, long known and 
accepted but never examined, 
cannot emerge from this trial; it is 
not in the judge’s brief to make ' 
them do so. However, the trial 
matters. It is many years since 
people thought of the Mafia in 
romantic terms, as rural Robin 
Hoods, inviolate and not al- 
together despicable, obeying ar- 
chaic but somehow honourable 
codes of behaviour. 

Any fingering suspicions that 
the Mafia are not savage crim- 
inals, urban gangsters running an 
extraordinarily profitable illegal 
business, are being healthily dis- 
pelled, as day after day a litany of 
violence and corruption is heard. 
The maxi-processo, says one of the : 
investigating judges, is a very 
small move, down a road which 
appears to have no visible end, but 
it is a move none the less. 





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is something of a compromise. No surgeon 
should ever lead you to believe that he can perform miracles’ 

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Cosmetic surgery daks, although 
largely frowned on by the NHS and 
condemned for many orthodox sar- 
geoas,. are. flourishing as never 
before. They war advertise freely, 
often using toe tom “Harley 
Street" even when they have Ottie 
couKction with the West End or 
London. - 

These dimes, usually fronted by 
man who can advertise where the ' 
doctors cannot. Offer traditirywl 
treatments' that have been weO. 
paMfcired. and alternately praised 
and derided over' the jean. Proce- 
dures that appear te have stood the 
test of time include “nose jobs", 
hair transplants, facelifts and 
breatfangmoitation oar redaction. 

Bat there are now many new 
cosmetic . .techniques . which are 
eagerly sought by apnblk over ' 
more desirOns-. of physical 

You can now have facial skm 
chemically burned away to reveal 
the ptachea-and-crenm complexion 
underneath. Yea can undergo im- 
. plants to plnmp oat wrinkles, have 
D, ditn Jodhpur thighs socked away, or lose 

ansightty MT rtmwrkf rtirn»gb baw 

These cosmetic treatments, as 
wftoany oftg medical procedures, 
can work only within ortoin liofts. 
No amoaiit of surgery, however 
competent, can tun a Margaret 
Rutherford into a Raqad Welch. 
Some faces are so wrinkled that 
they defy any treatment Some 
people are so obese that no 
reputable dune woald ever take 
them. And most expats agree that 
modi cosmetic sorcery has only a 
HmitedKfe span. 

The newest cosmetic procedure is 
chemical face peeling. Picteres and 
stories have appeared of previously 
wrinkled, morose housewives- who 
have all subjected themselves to 
this beatoent, apparently with 
wondrous results. Ope maverick 
lady, however, announced that the 
.treatment had not been that good 
after all and had left her with a face 
permanently snffased with a“ hot 

As with all thugs, the norm lies 
som ewhere -between the extremes. 
Peeling treatments are said by theft 
proponents to work only on certafai 


By Dr Thomas Stnttaford and Iiz Hodgkinson 


It passes through the onter layer 
of skin, the intense light being 
absorbed by the veins containing 
the dark red cells. Fibrous tissue is 
formed which eliminates the port 
vriae stain. 

Anyone considering tins treat- 
ment should first have a patch test, 
which costs artmnd £40, to see 
whether it is likdy to be effective. 
Removal of the birthmark costs 
about £50®. 

There is no doabt that many 
“cowboy" cosmetic clinics exist, as 
they are potentially very profitable 
indeed. So how shoidd a good dime 
be selected? The standard advice 
need CD be: ask year GP. However, 
most family doctors do not know 
mod about current c os m eti c treat- 
ments. The best method is to shop 
aronnd for the best bay. 

As for dinks, yoa may see a non- 
raedieal person first bet never agree 
to treatment on til yoa have had a 
lengthy consultation with the sur- 
geon. If he does not appear in a 
medical directory, be cartful. 

faces. The ideal c&eat is a fair- 
s kin ned Anglo-Saxon type fa her 
mid-fifties whose face has become 
prematurely wrinkled. 

Collagen injections are another 
non-svgical method of r emov in g 
facial lines. Natural anfcnal colla- 
gen, rather than synthetic materi- 
als. bused to reobce tissue lost 
with age. These implants appear to 
he a particularly effective way of 
treating fines aromd tike month. 

With fat aspiration, or Bpdysis, 
a cannala is inserted, under a 
general anaesthetic, into offending 
fat which has been dissolved by an 
enzyme. The fat is then sacked oat. 
Cost aromd £1300. Only small 
amounts of fat any be removed by 
tikis method, which may cause 
severe hrmstng. Fat can be removed 

from thighs, buttocks, stomach, or 
underneath the chin. The operation 
is said to be most suitable for those 
who, while not clinically obese, 
have fatty bulges which no amount 
of dieting can dislodge. 

Laser treatments form another 
new fashion, bat they have had a 
troublesome history. A few years 
ago, cold beam lasers were entfan- 
ssasticafly bought by beauty salons 
to remove wrinkles, bat they did not 
work. Kenneth Clarke, when Min- 
ister for Health, announced that all 
laser ctinfcs mast now be registered 
with the local health authority. 
This applies from October. 

A British expert is John Garnith, 
who works in Southampton. He is 
president of the newly-formed Brit- 
ish Medical Laser Association and 

Jack Levenson, a dental surgeon 
who also operates a referral system 
for people seeking cosmetic sur- 
gery, says: “If yon go to a dinic that 
says yes to everything, beware. All 
reputable dinks sbonid retain 
surgeons of with the highest medi- 
cal qualifications who are doing 
this kind of work all toe time. 

“The surgeon should show yon a 
selection of before and after pic- 
tures, not aUwito absolutely perfect 
results. This enables yoa to assess 
the result and also to decide 
whether yon would be happy with 
the treatment. 

“AD work of this kind is some- 
thing of a compromise and no 
surgeon should ever lead yon to 
believe that be can perform 

The dink itself should not look 
seedy, and should offer very exten- 
sive post operative care. If, for some 
reason, yoa do not like toe dink or 
tiie surgeon, leave it there. An 
essential element in any successful 
cosmetic procedure Is toe rapport 
between patient and practitioner. 
Its absence should be taken as a 
warning sign. 

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The news that Linda Lovelace (below) 
faces the possible removal of both 
breasts after receiving silicone 

implants may prompt 

many people to think 
again about cosmetic 
operations. How 
widely available are 
they — and how safe? 

‘We can’t cut away at fat to 
make a super svelte figure’ 

here are several 
commonly held mis- 
conceptions about 
cosmetic surgery. 
One is that such 

patients to undergo further 
cosmetic surgery. 

There are, of course, cow- 
boy dinks and unethical sur- 
geons. But there is also a very 

operations are completely to** , serious ride to cosmetic sur- 
necessary, homficalty expdn- geryC ln tMs country at least. 


sive and risky procedures 
indulged in only by those with 
far more vanity and money 
than sense. 

Another popular piece of 
folklore is that those who 
undergo cosmetic operations 
usually pay dearly, other than 
financially, since such opera- 
tions almost always go hor- 
ribly wrong. 

A third myth is that sur- 
geons offering these treat- 
ments are doing so purely for 
financial gam, are un- 
scrupulous and have no 
hesitation in persuading their 

by far toe great majority of 
people seeking such opera- 
tions are those who fed that 
their lives are being adversely 
affected by a. bodily 

Into this category come 
children, adolescents and 
adults with birthmarks, large 
moles or bat ears, men with 
accident-damaged noses and 
women wanting breast reduc- 
tion or augmentation. 

These are people who 
merely want to look normal, 
to be able to disappear into the 

crowd, instead of being stared 
at wherever they go. 

At one time, it was almost 
impossible to obtain cosmetic 
surgical treatments under the 
NHS because, these proce- 
dures were hdd to be an 
unjustifiable use of time, hos- 
pital beds, and expertise. 
Nowadays doctors are more 
sympathetic, realizing that a 
physical abnormality can be 
just as distressing and health- 
threatening as an illness. 

Christopher Margrave is a 
consultant plastic surgeon at a 
London terifaing hospital who 
performs many cosmetic op- 
erations for the NHS. He is 
alsotheauihorofthe recently- 
published Cosmetic Surgery: 
Facing the Facts (Penguin, 
£3.95), a patient's guide to the 
procedures available as well as 

their - limitations and weeks of life". Margrave says, 
complications. “In the case of adults, we 

“To obtain cosmetic sur- would not treat people who 
gery under the NHS, you have were after personal publicity 
to be highly motivated and or who were pinning a 11 their 
not easily put of£ as you can't hopes of a better life cm the 
go straight to a surgeon and outcome of an operation, 
request a particular “The most suitable patients 
treatment", he says. are those whose bodily 

“First of all, you have to see appearance does not accord 
your GP, who will then write a with their image of them- 
letter to a specialist if he feels selves. It's not that they want 
surgery is justified. The next to look glamorous or beautiful 
step for all adults wanting but to be able to walk down 
cosmetic surgery is to see a the street or enter a room 




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psychotherapist before we will 
accept anybody for treatment 

“We have to be sure that a 
changed physical appearance 
really wil] benefit the patient 
Somebody with a serious 
personality disorder may 
Name all his misfortunes on 
an imagined abnormality and 
will therefore not improve as a 
result of surgery". 

The psychological screening 
appears to work well and 
between 70 to 90 per cent of 
patients find their lives and 
outlook are enhanced after 

Children can almost always 
be treated on the NHS. “Ugly 
birthmarks and jog ears may 
make children's lives a misery 
and these disfigurements can 
be successfully treated sur- 
gically. Some birthmarks can 
even be excised in the first few 

without exciting 

stares and 

y far the most com- 
monly requested op- 
erations for women 
are breast 

augmentation or 
reductions. Here again, the 
women concerned are not 
prompted by empty vanity but 
feel they look peculiar. Aware- 
ness of an odd appearance can 
lead to loss of confidence and 

About 30 per cent of 
Margrave's NHS work is con- 
cerned with breast improve- 
ment operations. Of these, 
around two-thirds of patients 
want augmentation while the 
others seek reduction. 

“Almost all patients seeking 
augmentation are those whose 
breasts have become flat after 

childbirth. Breast augmenta- 
tion, using silicone implants, 
has stood the test of time and 
most patients are very pleased 
with the results". Margrave 

“The operation does not 
predude breast feeding and 
the only real late complication 
is fibrous encapsulation.” 

This is where fibrous tissue 
collects around the silicone 
prostheses, malting the breasts 
hard, tender and unnatural- 
looldng. Unfortunately, there 
is as yet no way of predicting 
which patients will suffer from 
this. Every prosthesis does 
eventually become covered by 
fibrous tissue, though this 
does not always become a 

The hardening can be 
treated by a rather primitive 
procedure known as “breast 
popping" where, under an- 
aesthetic, the surgeon applies 
a punch to the breast This 
cracks the hard coating but 
does not harm the implant 

Breast reduction is rarely 
requested for frivolous rea- 
sons. Most women wanting 
such surgery don’t merely 
have slightly larger breasts 
than average but are over- 
endowed to such an extent 
that ordinary activities such as 
running, taking part in sports 
and buying dothes, are a 
problem. They are prone also 
to skin infections. 

“The operation is almost 
always successful and there 
are few complications”. Mar- 
grave says. “Patients have to 
understand that breast feeding 
is no longer a possibility 
because the duct system has to 
be divided in the process of 

There will be scars and, in 
about 2 per cent of cases, 
blood clots which wDl have to 
be treated by further surgery. 
The other common form of 
breast surgery is to correct 
assymetry, where the breasts 
are of noticeably different 

One factor not always 
appreciated by those consid- 
ering any land of breast 
surgery is that the usual X-ray 
screening tests for cancer will 
be difficult to interpret and 
those who have reduction 
operations diminish their 
chances of successful 
mammography. Another pos- 
sible problem with breast 
reduction is that occasionally 
the reimplanted nipples 
slough off and cannot be 
reinstated. Would-be patients 
also have to bear in mind that 

such surgery rarely matches 

With men, the most often 
requested procedures are for 
“nose jobs” and baldness. 
Since baldness is considered a 
natural phenomenon, it is 
unlikely to be corrected on the 
NHS although surgery on the 
nose may be available. 

“You can't ignore a nose". 
Margrave says. “There is very 
often good justification for 
NHS treatment here. On the 
whole, though, we tend to be 
wary of men seeking cosmetic 

A request for tattoo removal 
may seem frivolous but it very 
often falls on sympathetic 
ears. As Margrave puts it: if 
everybody had a tattoo for 
each youthful indiscretion, 
we’d all be tattooed. An 
operation very often means a 
young person can become 
employable and feel more at 
home in the adult world. 
Tattoo removal is a very 
acceptable form of social 


or both sexes, re- 
moval of large moles 
or other surface 
disfigureements may 
well be available on 
the health service. These small 
operations are the most com- 
mon cosmetic procedures, 
according to Margrave. 

Since they can be done 
under local anaesthetic and do 
not require a hospital bed, 
they are cheap, quick and easy 
to perform. 

Cosmetic operations that 
are considered frivolous and 
not normally available to an 
NHS patient include fat suc- 
tion. facelifts, chemical face 
peeling, eyelid and chin 

Dr Margrave says that cos- 
metic operations are far safer 
and freer from complications 
than most people imagine. “In 
most cases, there is very little 
pain and suffering afterwards. 
But patients do have to be 
aware of the limitations. We 
can’t cut away at fat to give 
overweight patients a super 
svelte figure, nor can we 
remove scars. We can't make 
people taller or shorter, or 
reduce the size of hands and 
feel But what cosmetic opera- 
tions can do is to improve the 
quality of life and self-con- 
fidence for some people." 

“We find that most of our 
patients are highly motivated 
and deserving people who are 
definitely not undergoing ( 
something trivial." 

(gmoMa Nmnpapm Lkl, 1US 

An open 
door to 

Estate agents are 
reviewing their 
office procedures to 
protect female staff 
but the risks remain 

The disappearance last Mon- 
day of 25-year-old Susannah 

Lamplugh, after taking a man 
to view a house for sale, has 
prompted many companies 
to review their system of 

They are suggesting that 
female staff meet male clients 
in the office where possible, 
or check their identity by 
asking for a name and num- 
ber they can call back to 
'confirm any appointment to 
meet outride a house or fiat. 

These arrangements, how- 
ever, can only mitigate the 
dangers. Most firms lack the 
staff to allow women nego- 
tiators to be accompanied on 
such visits, and in the past 10 
years the number of women 
working in the estate agency 
business has increased 

Many women are attracted 
by the possibility of earning 
large commissions and a 
company car while a growing 
number are setting up their 
own companies. 

Female estate agents have 
always been aware that they 
ran some risks. Paula Meares. 
32. who worked with 
Chestertons for six years and 

Missing girl; Susannah 
Lamplugh at work 

now runs her own estate 
agents and property consul- 
tants said: “1 knew an Austra- 
lian girl with gorgeous blue 
eyes and a Farrah Fawcett 
cascade of hair who took one 
young man to view a 

“He asked her if she had 
ever been accosted in a flat. 
When she said no be said 
•you are about to be* and 
threw her on the bed. But he 
only kissed her and be wasn’t 
the dangerous type, although 
he did telephone the office 
later and asked to be shown 
the flat again at 6.30pm. This 
lime we sent a man and the 
client never turned up. 
Presumably he was watching 
from a distance". 

Julie Graham, 33, has been 
in the business for nine years. 
“Sometimes when one is 
showing certain gentlemen 
round certain flats, particu- 
larly in winter when it gets 
dark ax four, one becomes a 
little uneasy", she said. 
“There are times when you 
sense they want to linger in 
the bedroom and test the 
mattress, but you move 
briskly away, saying how 
reassuring it is for people to 
know that the resident porter 
is always roaming around. 

“But in future if someone 
phones up cold we will insist 
on being able to ring them 
back to confirm an appoint- 
ment rather than going out 
blind, even though we may 
lose some business by doing 

Lee Rod well 

emiMs Nmpupar Ltd, ISIS 


User hostile 

I am trying hard fa 
achieve mastery over 
that heap of grey plas- 
tic, fimp wirework and 
soggy chips called toe 
comp u ter and feel that success 
is not too far away. I admit 
I have come fa this late in 
fife and have much ground to 
make op. 1 have caved in to 
toe current pressures that teas 
heavily to the thesis that 
computer illiteracy is less 
acceptable than halitosis or 
sweaty feet. In fact, for a man 
who thought a floppy disk was 
toe result ofleaving an LP on a 
warm cooker, I flatter myself 
that 1 have done rather wdL I 

am now sur rounded by wires, 
ribbon connections and a 
universal air of nntfdiness. 

What I am having most 
difficulty with is toe printer, a 
small beast with idiosyncratic 
tendencies and a habit eg 

The printer travelled the 
oceans bearing with it toe aura 
of the mysterious east, 
equipped with a manual that 
does absolutely nothing to 
dispel toe mystery. It persists 
for example in referr ing con- 
stantly to something called the 
“ribbong” and more than once 
speaks of “Engrand". Pre- 
rious time was spent trying to 
woA out where the valve whs 
before it dawned that “value" 
was meant. 

Howto change a “ribboog” 
fa explained in aa 85-word 
sentence bulging with adver- 
bial dames of inadequate 



Joseph Kelly 

punctuation. The strictures on 
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lumt have led to mimagined 
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time's an unhealthy over-use 
of “please” when it came to 
referring to toe manual 

Despite its peccadilloes I 
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chine. In using it I have come 
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something. Like Gibbon on 
completion of Dectine and 
Felly I feel a great loss when it 
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for oa its day it is almost 

But what amazes me is that 
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how fa use it An inefficient 
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pographical Nirvana strikes at 
the heart of good customer 

There fa a good case for toe 
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A fine system of injustice 


State of 
the art 

The shrapnel flies from the bomb- 
shell appointment of Neil 
MacGregor as director of the 
National Gallery. A growing sec- 
tion of the art world, I understand, 
now believes the position of the 
chairman of trustees, Jacob Roth- 
schild. is untenable. Critics say the 
public withdrawal of Rothschild's 
controversial first choice — the 
American. Edmund Pillsbuiy — 
places his working relationship 
with MacGregor in doubt. In what 
I lake to be a veiled reference to 
the problem. Hugh Leggatl a 
member of the Museums and 
Galleries Commission, yesterday 
warned that despite MacGregor’s 
having no experience of running 
galleries, he must be “allowed the 
run of his own house". Mean- 
while. friends of the Wallace 
Collection director, John 
Ingamells. who appeared to be the 
trustees’ second choice, say he had 
“suffered abominably” from the 
handling of the appointment. In 
fact, only the millionaire Ameri- 
can benefactor John Paul Getty, 
whose £50 million donation to the 
National Gallery helped earn him 
an honorary knighthood last week, 
was sanguine yesterday. He told 
me from the London Clinic: “I'm 
delighted a Brit bas got the job.’ 

Head Gardiner 

George Gardiner. Tory MP for 
Reigate. has called for the removal 
of a headmistress — without even 
meeting her. Barbara May, who 
look over control of Woodman- 
stcme First and Middle School in 
Banslead. Surrey, nearly two years 
ago. has antagonized parents by 
replacing traditional, formal 
teaching practices with more mod- 
em and flexible ones. A petition 
demanding her dismissal, drawn 
up by more than 100 parents of 
children at the 290-pupil school, 
was sent by Gardiner to Jill 
Sibthorp. chairman of the county 
education committee. His cover- 
ing letter said, in part “All these 
parents have my full and public 
support" Mrs May is furious. 
“For one's own member of par- 
liament to write this letter without 
making any attempt to speak to 
one is very rough indeed,” she 
says. Gardiner says there was no 
need to talk to her because it was 
obvious there had been a break- 
down in confidence. He has 
offered to meet her next week. 

• The Great British salesman 
strikes again. I ask First Choke 
Cars, Austin Rover dealers in 
London, if they stock literature on 
the Range Rover.**No,” they say. 
“That’s Land Rover's job. Ring 
this number.’' It's Ford's. 

Who’s next? 

Robert Kilroy-Silk’s abrupt fare- 
well to politics comes at a pe- 
culiarly inopportune moment for 
the local politicians who coveted 
his Knowlsey North seat Neither 
of the far-left challengers in last 
year’s selection struggle is now in 
the running. The Militant Tony 
Mulhcam was expelled from the 
party, and the former Merseyside 
Metropolitan Council leader. 
Kcva Coombes. has just been 
picked to fight Hyndbum, a Tory 
marginal in Lancashire. The 
remaining contender is Jim Lloyd, 
leader of Knowlsey Council. This, 
however, has blotted its copybook 
with activists by dismissing Derek 
Hatton from his £ll.600 job as 
voluntary sector liaison officer. 






As I was saying 

A sense of deja vu. A motion due 
to come before the Federation of 
Conservative Students’ annual 
conference in September calls for 
the disbanding of the Common- 
wealth as an “anachronistic and 
toully useless body and a waste of 
money". At the Fes's 1967 con- 
ference. Harvey Proctor, now 
Tory MP for Biliericay. but then a 
fresher at York University, pro- 
posed a motion urging the United 
Kingdom to leave the Common- 
wealth. Although the 49-country- 
association is not Britain's lo 
dismantle, he still thinks we 
“would be better off” leaving iL 
You can't fault his consistency. 

Eyes have it 

Following my note on Monday, 
the Badger Protection Society calls 
to say that the newly-formed 
National Federation of Badger 
Groups is undertaking the world's 
first study of badger fatalities. 
Warwick Reynolds. leader of the 
society’s rescue group, insists that 
the chief cause of LfK badger 
deaths is not electrocution by 
British Rail but squashing by cars. 
The society is experimenting with 
badger-eye-Ievel reflectors built 
into the edge of the road- The idea 
is that the reflected headlights of 
oncoming cars will make badgers 
freeze. More they cross. _ 


The fine of £250 imposed earlier 
this week on the pop singer Boy 
George may or may not have been 
intended as a token penalty, 
justified as such by mitigating 
circumstances in his case. 

But even as a token fine it was 
surely rather on the low side for 
somebody of his presumed wealth. 
If imended as a genuine punish- 
ment it was — as one Conser- 
vative MP described it — 

Fora millionaire an appropriate 
token fine would be nearer to 
£2.500 than £250, while a fine 
realty meant to punish and deter 
would need to be at least £25,000. 
if not more. But who has ever 
heard of such a fine being im- 
posed, say. for reckless driving by 
a rich man? 

Fines are an unsuitable form of 
punishment for poor people, be- 
cause they either cannot pay them, 
default and are then sent to prison, 
or pay them at the price of 
increased hardship to their already 
suffering families. At present more 
than 20.000 fine defaulters are 
being sent to prison every year, so 

by John Grigg 

aggravating the desperate problem 
of overcrowding in our prisons. 

For rich people, however, fines 
could be the right form of punish- 
ment for many serious offences. 
To take again that of reckless 
driving, even the loss of a licence 
hurts the rich far less than the 
badly-off, because rich people can 
afford to hire a driver. But a four- 
figure or even five-figure fine for 
the very wealthy road-hog might 
often be salutary and just. 

There is now a growing move- 
ment among penal reformers to 
adjust the level of fines more 
closely to means, and, for the 
benefit of offenders at the bottom 
end of the scaie — particularly 
those who are out of work and on 
social security — to expand the 
system of community service so 
that there would be types of it that 
could be used as an alternative to 
fines, or in case of default. 

The 1972 Criminal Justice Act 
provided that a community ser- 
vice order would be substituted 

for imprisonment as a way of 
dealing with fine defaulters. But 
this provision has never been 
implemented, partly because the 
Probation Service has felt that 
community service should he used 
as an alternative to prison only for 
more serious offenders. 

The poor are often willing 
enough to disclose their personal 
circumstances to a court, in order 
to demonstrate their inability to 
pay. But the rich such 
inducement, since the fines im- 
posed upon them are all too well 
within their means. 

The maximum fine that can be 
imposed by magistrates is £2,000, 
and this is imposed only in rare 
cases. For reckless driving, the 
norm of punishment recom- 
mended by tbe Magistrates’ 
Association is 10 penalty points, a 
licence endorsement, and either 
six months' imprisonment (the 
legal maximum) or a fine of £300. 

Some upward variation of the 
fine may be considered if Lhe 

offender seems to be well off but I 
am told lhaL he is far more likely 
to be sent to prison than to be 
fined £2,000 — which is absurd. 
When a rich person is found 

S of a serious offence, for 
a big fine would be the 
suitable penalty, it is essential that 
the court should be able to 
discover how rich he is. But at 
present there is no way of obtain- 
ing this information if the culprit 
is unwilling to disclose iL 
In Sweden courts have the 
power to require of the tax 
authorities that they reveal the 
financial circumstances of in- 
dividuals who are to be punished 
by fining . But not in Britain. 

Tbe cause of personal liberty is 
indeed sacred, but so is the cause 
of justice, and some limitation of 
the one is often necessary for the 
other's sake-The system of gradu- 
ated taxation involves quite a 
severe limitation of freedom, but 
is now generally accepted as, in 
principle, just. Why should there 
not be a system of graduated fines, 
using the Inland Revenue to 
provide the necessary evidence? 

Bernard Levin: the way we live now 

Strange news from China; and the 
strangest thing about the news is 
that it is not at all strange. 

The authorities there are wor- 
ried about a rising crime-rate, two 
aspects of which worry them 
particularly. First, it seems that 
gangs of adolescent youths have 
been terrorizing the country; rob- 
bery with violence seems to be 
their speciality. 

And as if that is not enough, 
there have been numerous execu- 
tions among a somewhat older 
generation, the sons or grandsons 
of leading figures in the present 
Chinese leadership or of heroes of 
the revolution, the Long March 
and the conquest of all China for 
Communism; murder and rape 
seem to have been the leading 
crimes in this category. 

I am tempted to say that those 
of my readers who are genuinely 
surprised at this news ought to be 
sent to a Chinese" re-education'’ 
camp; there would be plenty to 
choose from, though anyone eager 
to sign up should be warned that 
the experience will be not at all 
like a 1930s summer school at 

You see, if you were surprised at 
the news that in China there are 
violent criminals scarcely out of 
short trousers, and even more 
violent ones who believe that their 
illustrious ancestry is protection 
enough for them to do as they like 
without retribution, it can only be 
because you have come to believe, 
as so many have, that China, or to 
be precise. Communism in China, 
has literally changed the nature of 
man. That, after all is what your 
fathers (if they were as silly as you) 
believed about Stalin's Russia, 
where . . . well, Malcolm Mug- 
geridge's great apostrophe to hu- 
man folly will bear quoting once 

Wise old Shaw, high-minded old 
Barbusse. the venerable Webbs, 
Gide the pure in heart and Picasso 
the impure, down to poor little 
teachers, crazed clergymen and 
millionaires, drivelling dons and 
very special correspondents ... all 
resolved, come what might, to 
believe anything, however prepos- 
terous, to overlook anything, how- 
ever villainous, to approve any- 
thing, however obscurantist and 
brutally authoritarian, in order to 
be able to preserve intact the 
confident expectation that one of 
the most thoroughgoing, ruthless 
and bloody tyrannies ever to exist 
on earth could be relied on to 
champion human freedom, the 
brotherhood of man, and all the 
other good liberal causes to which 
they had dedicated their lives. 

They even had a word for it. New 
Soviet Man. and the fact that at 
much the same time Hitler was 
instituting a New Order appar- 
ently gave no one pause. The 
central paradox of Stalin's Russia 
and those outside who worshipped 
it was that a system recommended 
as heaven on earth held, and holds 
unbroken to this day (by a very 
wide margin indeed), the record 
for the greatest number of inno- 
cent human beings deliberately 

Paiia Youens 

The snake still 
lives in 
the Garden 

done to death in the entire history 
of the world; but that monstrous 
and unforgivable misapprehen- 
sion is so vast and bloodstained 
that it has understandably tended 
to obscure another fallacy, less 
murderous in its effects yet per- 
haps more subtly dangerous, ifnot 
to life then at least to reason. 

Despite Stalin and Hiller, Mao 
and Pol Pot, Tito and Franco, 
Stroessner and Castro, the Du- 
valiers and lhe Dergue. and all the 
other mad and murderous brutes 
who have defiled this century and 
defile it still, it seems to me plain 
that mankind in general is better 
than it was in the earlier centuries. 
There is more altruism, more 
respect for the individual worth of 
others, more generosity, more 
resistance to state eviL more 
rejection of arbitrary discrimina- 
tion, more acceptance of the 
limitations of human action, more 
understanding of our own ig- 
norance, even more tolerance, we 
progress, it is true, by fits and 

starts, and for every four steps 
forward that we take, we slip three 
steps back, but slowly, inexorably, 
we move forward. 

Human nature, then, can 
change. But it cannot change 
quickly. and. above all, it cannot 
be changed, least of all by political 


I have said it two dozen times, 
and in any case Horace said it 
before me: Thingummy expellas 
furca. whatsit whatsit recuiret. 
“Grant that the old Adam in this 
Child may be buried”, says the 
Anglican ceremony of baptism, 
“that the new man shall be raised 
up in him”; what is more, it 
sometimes happens. But those 
who plan to sit around until it 
happens to all mankind had better 
bring a cushion and a very long 
book. In China, as in Britain, 
some people want what they 
haven't got. and some of these are 
willing to take it, if necessary using 
the greatest violence, from those 
who have iL In both countries, 
too, the children of the powerful 
are more inclined than the 
generality to believe that their 
family connections will give them 
immunity, and quite often, and 
forquite a long time, they are right 
in that belief. The same, on both 
counts, is true in Albania, Bu- 
rundi Chile, Denmark, Ethiopia, 
France, Guatemala, Haiti, 
Indonesia. Japan. Kuwait, 
Liechtenstein. Mexico, Nigeria, 
Oman, Portugal. Qatar. Romania. 
Sierra Leone. Thailand, Uruguay, 
Venezuela, the Windward Isles, 
Yemen and Zambia, and if there 
was a country beginning with X it 

would apply there, too. 

It must be said that although the 
belief in the rapid perfectibility of 
man is wholly without founda- 
tion, and the belief that it has 
actually taken place through the 
workings of a particular political 
system not only baseless but very 
dangerous indeed, the belief is not 
in itself unworthy; on the contrary, 
the longing for perfection is one of 
the noblest and most persistent, of 
all human dreams, and although 
those dreams have, again and 
again throughout history, turned 
to waking nightmares, mankind 
dreams them stilL 

Professor Paul Hollander’s 
Political Pilgrims, now a perma- 
nent signpost in the country of the 
blind, has shown how, decade 
after decade, some of the world's 
worst (and. in some cases, most 
obvious) tyrannies have been 
visited and hymned, and that as 
disillusion sets in with one, the 
disillusioned have instantly, so 
deep and irresistible is their 
craving, adopted another. When, 
some 30 years after they took 
place, Stalin's show-trials were 
admitted (by some, anyway) to 
have been not quite according to 
the Corpus Juris Civilis of Justin- 
ian, and the Terror to have been 
aptly named, it occurred to few of 
those who were thus finally dis- 
abused to question the origin and 
basis of their so tragically mis- 
placed belief, they, or their spir- 
itual heirs, simply turned to 
Mao — second only to Stalin in 
the murder contest — and be- 
lieved no lesspassionaiely that he 
had turned China into Paradise. 
When they began to feel, uneasily, 
that he might not have done so 
after alL there was no lack of 
alternative candidates: North 
Vietnam, Cuba, Mozambique, 
Ethiopia, even Cambodia ... tbe 
dogs bark, but the caravan moves 
on. It has even moved on to 
Afghanistan, where Jonathan 
Steele, of the Guardian, found 
those nice Russians doing so much 
for the locals, who were naturally 
so grateful and wished the Rus- 
sians would never go away, 
particularly since they were the 
locals' only defence against those 
wicked rebels who were not in tbe 
least grateful to the Russians and 
thoroughly deserved to have those 
sweet little Russian bombs 
dropped on them. (And the laiesL 
of course, is Nicaragua.) 

But that, you see, is why I took 
care to defend, the dream as 
harmless only in itself. In the 
Garden of Eden there was a 
serpent and careful reading of the 
story will reveal that the serpent 
must have been already in res- 
idence when Adam and Eve 
arrived, nor is there any stif®es- 
tion that when they were driven 
out he was expelled also. The 
revelation that China, too, has a 
crime wave, that it extends to 
children, and that tbe scions of 
leading families in the Communist 
hierarchy are foremost in the law- 
breaking, is indeed momentous 
news. But it is also the oldest news 
in the world. 

gOTwa M a w p ip e n 1966 

How to weed out the biased juror 

With considerable political cour- 
age. the government plans to 
abolish the defendant's right to 
challenge jurors without having to 
give reasons. The system, at 
present, enables guilty men to 
purge those jurors who look 
intelligent enough to understand 
the prosecution's case, and 
respectable enough to convict, 
once they have done so. 

But there exists in the rules of 
jury selection an evil which is 
worse than this, because it tends to 
the conviction of the innocent 
rather than the acquittal of the 
guilty. It is that nothing is done to 
delect jurors who really are biased, 
or otherwise unfit to serve; and 
that it is very difficult to appeal if 
they try a man and convict him. 

Criminals and lunatics, like 
clergymen and lawyers, are auto- 
matically disqualified from jury 
service. But the same does not go 
for those who are stone-deaf, half- 
blind. illiterate, unable to under- 
stand English, or a brother-in-law 
of the accused person's alleged 
victim. If a potential juror is unfit 
through disability or want of 
English, and court officials notice 
this, they may ask the judge to 
discharge him. but no examina- 
tion. physical or educational is 

The defence may challenge 
jurors for bias or unfitness, and 
the government wants this limited 
right to remain. But this is largely 
ineffectual because defence coun- 
sel knows so little about the people 
who have been selected. He may 
not ask them questions and, like 
the court officials, usually has only 

John Spencer calls for new measures to 
prevent the innocent being convicted 

the juror's name, address, voice 
and physical appearance to go on. 
Prejudice may not appear. 

If it comes out at the trial that a 
juror is biased or unfit, the judge 
has power to stop the case and 
order a retrial Thus a year or two 
ago a lengthy fraud trial was 
abandoned when two female ju- 
rors got drunk, and one made 
sexual advances to a male col- 
league during lhe closing speech 
for the defence. 

But the judge bas the discretion 
to let the trial go on. Recently, 
when some mental hospital nurses 
were on trial fordoing violence to 
their patients, it emerged that one 
of the jurors was prejudiced 
■ against the defendants by what he 
had heard about the affair from his 
wife, herself a mental nurse, and 
that he had preached his prej- 
udices to three other jurors as he 
drove them to and from court over 
the previous 10 days. The judge 
sent the offending juror home and 
carried on with a jury of 11. 
which — not surprisingly, per- 
haps - convicted. 

if the case goes on, or the jurors* 
bias or unfitness only comes to 
light after conviction, this is rarely 
accepted as a valid ground of 
appeal. Hitherto the defendant has 
virtually had to show that the 
other jurors were actually 
contaminated by the prejudice, 
and this is difficult because it is 
assumed that they were not and 

the presumption is almost 

The Court of Appeal dismissed 
the mental nurses' appeal, saying 
the biased jurors' passengers 
would not have carried any prej- 
udice into the jury room; but the 
court did not inquire what actually 
happened there, and would not 
have listened even if anyone had 
tried to tell iL because this would 
have compromised the secrecy of 
the jury room. 

In a case in 1961. the jury was 
said to have convicted a house- 
breaker because, at the crucial 
moment, the foreman showed the 
jurors a list of his previous 
convictions. The Court of Appeal 
refused to hear evidence that this 
had happened, observing that if 
this sort of thing was aired in 
coun. it would “diminish the 
confidence that the public rightly 
has in the general propriety of 
criminal verdicts”. 

This constipated attitude con- 
trasts starkly with the approach of 
the courts to appeals from judges, 
magistrates and others. Here, any 
whiff of bias is likely to cause the 
decision to be reversed and the 
appellant need not argue, lei alone 
show that it caused him to lose. 

In the leading case, where the 
Court of Appeal overturned a rent 
assessment committee decision 
adverse to a property company on 
the ground that the chairman of 
the committee had earlier helped 

his father, who was a tenant of a 
related company, to conduct simi- 
lar proceedings against his land- 
lord. Lord Denning said this: 

“Tbe court will not enquire 
whether he did in fact favour one 
side unfairly. Suffice it that 
reasonable people might think he 
did. Justice must be rooted in 
confidence, and confidence is 
destroyed when right-minded peo- 
ple go away thinking,. The judge 
was biased'.” 

This attitude may now change. 
On July 24 the House of Lords 
reversed the Court of Appeal and 
allowed the menial nurses’ appeal. 
But if it does change, this will 
solve the problem only where bias 
or unfitness in a juror happens to 
come to light What is also needed 
js proper machinery to discover it 
in advance. 

In the United States defence 
lawyers are permitted to question 
potential jurors about their prej- 
udices— a cure that has led to 
such time-wasting and abuse that 
in England it is usually seen as 
worse than the illness. But it does 
not follow that no cure is prac- 

It would surely improve matters 
if court officials had to check that 
all potential jurors can see, hear, 
read, write and understand En- 
glish: and if the judge had to ask 
the jurors selected to try a case 
whether they have any personal 
connection with the defendant, or 
the victim, or any prior knowledge 
of the case. Prevention is better 
than cure. 

The author is a fellow of Selwvn 
College, Cambridge 

Wavland Kennet 

Can Nato tolerate 
‘fire first’ rule? 

y . r *4 
■ ■ 

The roles of engagement at sea 
sound traditional and harmless 
enough; they are in fact fun- 
damental to civilian control - of 
military' forces. They are also one 
of the many issues splitting the 
Nato alliance, though they have 
been pushed into the background 
in the past few months by many 
other alliance-splitting issues. 

Part ofthe United States Navy’s 
New Maritime Strategy states that 
in times of crisis or expected 
hostilities the president will dele- 
gate the authority to open fire to 
the commander of a particular 
naval force: the “on-scene 
commander”. Furthermore, the 
commander can open fire not only 
when he is fired on. but - and this 
is the point - when he judges that 
his adversary is acting with “hos- 
tile intent”. 

In practice, the commander 
may in turn delegate the authority 
even further, if his force includes 
ships armed with the Aegis track- 
and-fire system. This wifi itself 
determine whether potential sur- 
face and air targets have a “hostile 
intent" and will itself select the 
“best response", including that of 
opening fire firsL 

It does not necessarily replace 
human decision, but is prepared to 
do so at the throw of a switch. So 
far, four American warships are 
equipped with Aegis, and 27 are 
on order. 

The authority to fire first ap- 
pears to have been delegated in 
both the US-Libyan fights this 
year, at which at least one Aegis- 
equipped ship was present — first 
during the coat-trailing in March, 
when the Sixth Fleet fired on 
Libyan patrol boats whose intent 
was, no doubt rightly, judged 
hostile; and again during the air 
attacks on “terrorist targets” in 
April when, to the surprise of the 
American admiral there was no 
Libyan response. 

We were lucky: General Rogers, 
Supreme Allied Commander Eu- 
rope. was in overall command of 
the operations, which took place 
in the Mediterranean, with a fleet 
“assigned” to Nato. But they were 
not Nato operations and would 
not have been approved by the 
European Nato allies. And al- 
though they could have involved 
Nato in war, they were not under 
Nato political controL 

The new rules of engagement no 
doubt look like a good idea to the 
US Navy on technological and 
military grounds. The range and 
accuracy of naval missiles is now 
so great that firing first gives more 
of an advantage than ever. But this 
raises terrible political and moral 
problems. To fire first is to attack, 
and the idea of a pre-emptive 
attack by a member state goes 

against the political and moral 
“set” ofthe Western democracies. 

It also flies in the face of the 
North Atlantic Treaty itself, which 
says — echoing the mainstream of 
military alliance treaties through- 
out history — that an attack on 
one shall be regarded as an attack 
on all. As a high Nato authority 
put it to me recently: “It wys an 
attack on one. not by one." 

Let us consider what could 
happen. At a time of high political 
tension the US Navy undertakes 
one of its now routine sorties into 
the Norwegian Sea or the Black 
Sea. The “on-scene commander" 
thinks certain Soviet forces have a 
hostile imenL and opens fire, or 
allows his Aegis to. At that 
moment he would be acting as a 
US national commander (as he 
was in the Libyan punch-ups). 

At a certain point, the tra- 
ditional scenario goes, the US fleet 
in question would be placed under 
Nato command, to which it is 
normally only “assigned”, and the 
on-scene US commander would 
come under the political authority 
of the Nato Council. For Nato 
Command to order forces into 
action, the consent of member 
nations is required. 

But would they consent lo the 
fighL or war, if there had been no 
attack on the US fleet? America’s 
allies would be resentful and 
confused, and Europe would be 
accused by the Soviet Union of 
collusion and by the US of 

That is the apocalyptic conclu- 
sion at the end of a simple line of 
reasoning; the “worst case 
analysis”. But its mere possibility 
is even now causing acute political 
strain in the alliance. At the very 
least, the existence of the “fire on 
hostile intent” role can only tend 
to put “crisis management” into 
the hands of American naval 
commanders. It would also tend 
to make the US administration 
postpone the moment when it 
puts its forces under Nato com- 
mand in a crisis, the longer to 
retain the technological advantage 
and military freedom of action the 
new rule is intended to confer. 

What is to be done? This is 
another of those instances where 
the present US administration, 
seeing an opportunity to exert its 
great strength, is ready to breach 
its international obligations, in 
this esse the North Atlantic 

Luckily Nato has so far shown 
itself to be a durable plant — and 
long may it continue to be so. But 
at the moment it is exposed to too 
many . strains for the safety of its 
European members. 

Lord Kennet is SOP spokesman on 
defence in the House of Lords 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

It’s the time 
of the signs 

While reviewing a book on the 
origin of writing in last Sunday's 
Observer, Anthony Burgess con- 
trived to suggest that we might be 
in on the end of writing as well. At 
least, he seemed to be saying that 
semiology, the study of signs, was 
well placed to take over from the 
study of words, and that signs 
were what be really used to 
communicate with, not words. 

After 1 had finished reading the 
review, I drummed my fingers on 
the table, sighed a little sigh, stared 
out of the window and took down 
a book at random from the shell 
These are all signs that ! fancied 
Mr Burgess might be right that I 
personally, being in the word 
business, did not want to believe 
him. and that I would change the 
subject by reading something else. 

All this was executed without 
words, with signs only, and was 
much less tiring than an intellec- 
tual conversation. 

The book I took down was one 
printed in 1930 called- Modem 
Prose, and I found in it the 
following passage by 
G.K. Chesterton: 

For in the last resort ail men talk 
by signs. To talk by statues is to 
talk bv signs: to talk by cities is to 
talk by signs. Pillars, palaces, 
cathedrals, temples, pyramids, are 
an enormous dumb alphabet, as if 
some giant held up his fingers of 
swwf- The most important things 
at the last are always said bv signs 
even if. like the Cross on St Paul’s, 
they are signs in heaven. If men do 
not understand signs, thev wifi 
never understand words. 

I pul the book back on the shelf 
with a start. I paced up and down 
the room, I looked distraughL I 
gave the cat its tea (much to its 
surpnse - I had fed it 10 minutes 
previously) and I scratched my 

All signs, of course, signs that I 
was alarmed to find Anthony 
Burgess and G.K. Chesterton 
agreeing about things in such a 
way 50 years apart, and 
that 1 didn’t want to lake the risk 
of reading a third book, in case I 
found somebody agreeing with 
both of them. 

So 1 went shopping instead. And 
while I was shopping. 1 read the 
taoeis on the products with rather 
more attention than usual be- 
cause. well, if words were going to 

fr? U i , -i°^ s * non behind my back, 

I felt like having a last taste. And it 
was probably the first time I had 
nouced how many words there are 
on labels, and how few 0 f them 
mean anything. 

Prime bacon. Farm-fresh eggs. 
Selected oranges. Choice apples 
Ganden peas. Crispy cereals. Real 
fruit juice. Golden vegetable soup. 
Country shampoos ... p 

None of the words with capital 
letters mean much at ali. You 
could swap most of them around 
without noticing the difference, 
and get prime oranges, choice 
bacon, country eggs, real 
peas . . . some of them are down- 
right lies. 

Show me a frozen pea grown in 
a garden, or a soup coloured gold, 
or a farm-fresh egg that isn’t 
actua lly factory-fresh, and TU 
prepare a handsome apology — or 
at least 111 give a sign, because I 
think maybe Burgess and Chester- 
ton are right Signs are on the way 
in and words are on the way out 
because words don't mean any- 
thing any more. They haven't 
meant anything in rock lyrics for 
the past 20 years. 

(Rock music was actually very 
late in the field of meaninglesness. 
Jazz invented a totally in- 
comprehensible form of singing 
folly 60 years ago, in the shape of 
Scat And nobody has understood 
a word of opera for about 200 
years, unless they had the book of 
words on their lap. I am told that 
advanced opera houses now use 
electronic subtitles.) 

The people in the Bible had the 
right idea. Whenever they called 
upon God for a message, tiiey 
didn't ask him to let them have it 
in writing, or in the form of a 
memo: they cried, “Give us a sum, 
O Lord!” 

, And. the Lord duly sent them a 
sign, in the form of burning 
bushes, rainbows, plagues of frogs, 
pillars of salt and many other 
exciting products from his miracle 
factory. The only time he ever let 
mem have it in writing was when 
Moses came back with the Ten 
Commandments, and there seems 
to be general agreement that these 
have also been far more trouble 
than they are worth. 

. So> words are on the way ouL 
signs on the way in, and the sooner 
tne better, because then we won't 
“! sffly by the editor of 

Jhe Sunday Times arguing with 
tne Palace about who really used 
wnat words. But who is to make 
this final break? Which pioneer of 
tne media will abandon words and 
go over entirely to signs? 

This column, of course. Starting 
trom Monday, there will be no 
32?* “ afl . “ this space, and we 
snail rely entirely on signs of one 
kind or another. 

th«e are the last words I 
snail ever write. 

hand waving good* 

Cheerful drawing of thumbs up. 
Closing smile. 

Lid slams shuL 

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For a Cabinet meeting to end 
with a statement of unity is 
never — according to accepted 
political canons — a very good 
sign ; that it is united. Mrs 
Thatcher has ; set her face 
against further sanctions 
against South Africa. Sir Geof- 

less, have a hard struggle to 
hold her chosen line. In tac- 
tical terms it is Intimate for 
her to have a strong , opening 
position. It is highly desirable 
that she should also have an 
agreed fall-back position. 
Whether the Cabinet can man- 

^ ftey Howe is hot alone in. his,, age such a diplomatic, act 

weariness with the Prime 
Minister’s stance. 

As fer as sanctions them- 
selves are concerned, Mrs 
Thatcher is right; the Foreign 
Office is wrong. For all the 
reasons which we have out- 
lined : so : often over the past 
weeks, the imposition of pu - 
nitive economic measures wiU 
not speed the end of apartheid. 

This view is shared by some 
aLleast of those ministers who 
would have preferred to open 
the - weekend's negotiations 
with the Commonwealth lead- 
ers in a more accommodating 
stance. It is also, as our poll 
shows today, a view shared by 
almost, half the electorate. 
Those who support sanctions 
want to be in step more than 
they want , sanctions. There is 
only one measure — the end of 
new investment — that com- 
mands even close to majority 
support. There is litde con- 
fidence that any sanctions will 
actually work. 

Mrs Thatcher will, nonethe- 

without the cracks showing is, 
however, open to serious 

.The critics who for long 
years have taken electoral 
benefits from Mrs Thatcher’s 
strength, while losing no 
opportunity to oppose each 
manifestation of it, have lost 
confidence. As the Westland 
memory begins to fade, they 
see fresh signs of a lost 
election. And for what? For a 
country whose leadership 
delivers foul abuse to the 
Foreign Secretary and praise to 
the Prime Minister that is 
almost as dangerous {possibly 
more so). Her Cabinet oppo- 
nents are more scared than in 
the past. She is less assured 
than in the past It is a 
dangerous mix. 

At the back of the Prime 
Minister’s mind there remains 
the idea that her attitude of no- 
surrender is a political virtue 
in itself It is indeed a virtue. 
But it is not a political virtue 
on every issue. It looks 


Missing from Regional Trends 
are . two sets of data. One the 
Central Statistical Office could 
collect, if it were so minded. It 
is a rigorous accounting of 
where taxation is raised and 
where public expenditure goes 
within the United Kingdom — 

Bat such information is of 
academic interest only. For, 
here is the other missing data 
set in Regional Trends, there is 
no political dimension to go 
with all these social indicators. 
That the Northern Irish are 
comparatively active purchas- 

and not just that expenditure . ers of dish-washers, that the 

tie time 
te signs 

counted under the formal 
headings of “regional policy**. 

All expenditure, on defence 
contracts, on civil service pay, 
oa roads, on subsidy to agri- 
culture, has a geographical 
dimension. All' outlays can 
have the effect of transferring 
sums between areas. 

Under the heading of covert 
regional polity. 1 have to be 
counted expenditures on, say, 
the development Of Concorde 
and what they meant to the 
growth of industry and 
employment in the West 
Country. Similarly, travellers 
on British Rail’s .commuter 

inhabitants of Yorkshire and 
Humberside are great fish- 
eaters — this is a picture of 
national life well worth 
publication, but its signifi- 
cance is considerably lessened 
by the failure, to put it crudely, 
of regional envy. These facts 
and figures are politically 
significant only if they gen- 
erate some complaint or some 
claim on central resources. 
Regional Trends has nothing 
to say about tile geographical 
differentiation of political atti- 

Perhaps the reason for that 
is” straightforward. There are 
no .. regional attitudes worth 

services in the South East have . : <speaking of Conventional 
benefited from the tax pay- political wisdom gives Labour 


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meats of citizens in other, less 
favoured regions. The picture 
of regional cross subsidy is 
complex. Ditto the regional 
tax take. Regional Trends 
includes an estimate of direct 
taxation on a regional basis but 
issues no figures on indirect 
tax (nor, in the light of ancient 
Scottish sensibilities does it 
apportion revenue from North 
Sea oil). This makes it impos- 
sible to assess how far regions 
are net beneficiaries from the 

its strength in the urban areas 
of North, North West and 
Scotland, and draws a line 
from Wash to Severn. But to 
speak, consequently, of a 
Northern political attitude is 
false: The voters of Carlisle 
share no obvious political 
predisposition with those of 
say, Penrith. The Labour dis- 
positions of the voters of 
County Durham are in no 
recognisable sense more 
quintessentially northern than 
the Liberal inclinations (re- 

cently revealed) of the voters, 
of Malton and Thirsk or the’ 
Conservatism of Darlington. 

And the political attitudes 
manifest in Rochdale or 
Southport, Morecambe or 
Davyhuhne are as genuinely 
Lancastrian as those predomi- 
nant in Knowsley or Bohon. 

The feet of modem British 
politics is that there is no 
regional dimension. Despite 
grumblings from politicians in 
the North East that they lade 
the mechanism for develop- 
ment apparently given Scot- 
land through the Scottish 
Office and the Scottish 
Development Agency, there is 
no concerted pressure for ac- 
tion on the centre of the polity. 
There is no North Western . 
consciousness in the House of 
Commons, or any other locus 
of political action: for that 
matter. Disparate rates of un- 
employment, living standards 
and the rest have, apparently, ' 
no. generally and dearly ad- 
verse political con s e quenc es 
for the party in power. 

Why then, it has to be asked, 
is regional policy being talked 
up again? Whatever the exact 
words used at the weekend by 
Mr Norman Tebbitt in his 
latest obiter dictum, he was 
talking about regional policy— 
the conscious transfer of pub- 
lic expenditure to benefit one 
region over against another. It 
would not be in Mr Tebbitt’s 
character to explain this by 
guilty conscience inspired by 
disparities in Regional Trends . 

the Liberal inclinations (re- disparities in Region 


The economic accord which 
has been signed by Argentina 
and Brazil raises questions 
which few have so far dared try 
to answer. By and large it has 
been welcomed in the New 
World (cautiously in some 

supra-national ideal they have 
foundered amid conflicting in- 
terests and acrimony. Govern- 
ments have either been 
reluctant to abandon protec- 
tionist policies in support of 
traditional industries or have 

cases, enthusiastically in oth- . been seduced by outside pow- 
ers) and greeted with lofty ers — offering cut-price goods 

scepticism in the Old. Re- 
actions mirror the mixed 
experiences, of those who have 
trod the awkward path to- 
wards a common market be- 

. In theory there is much to 
say for it, encouraging 
comparison with the coal and 
steel agreement reached by 
France and West Germany 
after the Second World War. 
In. South American terms it 
might be seen as more im- 
portant even than that, since 
the partners represent two- 
thirds of the Southern conti- 
nent and something like half of 
its.people. Between them they 
make up more than the nu- 
cleus of a regional market — to 
which Uruguay looks like be- 
ing the first outside adherent 

In practice the only thing 
common about Latin Ameri- 
can markets so far has been 
their abject failure. Economic 
agreements whether bilateral 
or multilateral have collapsed, 
chiefly because neither party 
has been inspired by any 
visionary sense of purpose. 
Without any guiding light or 

Worst enemy? 

From Professor Alan Thompson 
Sir. You are right to state (today’s 
editorial) that “in this country, 
dogs stir passions unknown 

In 1964 I moved a private 
member's Bill concerned with 
keeping dogs out of foodshops - 
the Dogs (Access to Foodshops) 
Bill. It proposed asmodesi fine of 
£5 for anyone who took a dog into 

which the other market part- 
ners cannot match. 

Yet the future could be 
different. Brazil and Argentina 
are both under new manage- 
ment and have been struggling 
to overcome not dissimilar 
economic problems, including, 
heavy debts and protectionism 
overseas. If common experi- 
ence is the foundation for true 
togetherness, a case might be 
made out for their living 
together quite well. After sev- 
eral generations of tense ri- 
valry they would certainly 
seem to be closer than ever 
before — or certainly for very 
many years. President Jose 
Sarney travelled to Buenos 
Aires to sign the new pact and 
became the first elected Brazil- 
ian leader to visit the Ar- 
gentine capital for a quarter of 
a century. 

But common experience is 
not enough. The agreement 
established a customs union 
with mutual preferences for 
each other’s exports, while also 
laying down the ground rules 
for technical cooperation in 
such areas as energy and 

such premises. I had been told (hat 
the Government was not un- 
sympathetic to my measure. 

In the event, an absolute storm 
of protest ensued and the Govern- 
ment hastily washed its hands of 
me. Letters poured in by the 
hundred protesting that my Bill 
was unfair and insulting to dogs. 
The Northern Ireland MPs op- 
posed me because 1 had failed to 
consult them on dog-owning opin- 
ion in their area of Great Britain. 

agriculture. It envisaged a 
bilateral trade in capital goods 
worth some $2 billion by 1990. 

But questions are already 
being asked in Brasilia about 
the agreement by President 
Samey to purchase an annual 
two million tonnes of Ar- 
gentine wheat. At the same 
time businessmen in Buenos 
Aires are concerned about the 
preferences which will now be 
allowed Brazilian industry — 
which is fitter and livelier than 
Argentina's. Can Argentine in- 
dustry withstand the chal- 

Bilateral agreements are 
possibly more difficult to op- 
erate than multilateral; re- 
action to the accord in the two 
countries already indicates ar- 
eas in which problems will lie. 
Yet much favours the two 
most powerful countries in 
South America seeking each 
other’s hand in a fiercely 
competitive outside world. 
That the way ahead looks like 
being mined should not deter 
them from walking along it 

What they need is an inner 
conviction that they are doing 
the right thing and perhaps, 
too, some still more distant 
goal of integration. Without 
this their pact will be no more 
than a marriage of conve- 
nience — and the survival 
record for these is less than 

One correspondent (a retired 
military man) wrote: “I am glad to 
see that you want to keep dogs out 
of foodshops. I would not want my 
nice, clean dog mixing with filthy 
grocery assistants.” 

My Bill failed. 

Yours faithfully, 

1 1 Upper Gray Street, 


July 26. 


strongly as though it is not a 
political virtue on this issue. 

She cannot persuade her 
Cabinet critics that a weekend 
spent in standing np to the 
vitriolic abuse of the new 
Commonwealth is a weekend 
in which votes will necessarily 
be won. And they are probably 
right not to be persuaded. 

According to today’s poll, a 
third of Conservative support- 
ers are dissatisfied with her 
handling of the Sooth African 
issue. A half, of the Conser- 
vatives polled believe that 
British Government policy to- 
wards South Africa should be 
influenced by the Queen's 
views on the Commonwealth. 

The ramifications of the 
alleged rift between Downing 
Street and the Palace have 
clearly had some adverse effect 
on the Government’s stand- 
ing. The Labour Party is now 
at its highest position in any 
poll taken by MORI since 
before the Falklands conflict. 
It has been a turbulent period 
for the pollsters but today's 
evidence will be a fine fillip for 
Mr Kinnock. After a judicious 
period of silence on the allega- 
tions in The Sunday Times he 
is now beginning to vaunt his 
respect for the Queen with 
dangerous confidence. 

■ Sanctions as a 
moral issue 

From the Bishop of Birmingham 
i Sir, It requires expert knowledge 
to assess both the loss we may 
suffer from further measures 
against South Africa and the effect 
of sanctions against us by the rest 
3 of Africa' if we do not take such 
i r me asur es. Similar knowledge is 
required to measure the immedi- 
ate loss of income from our South 
' African in vestments against the 
f effect of their future total loss if we 
do not actively help a majority 
i South African government to 
come into being. 

These are matters for statesmen, 
r not chur chmen. 

1 But when the Prime Minster 

■ asserts that it is. immoral to apply 
t sanctions, because of the damage 
- this would cause to Mack South 
: Africans, then churchmen have a 
. positive duty to examine her 

daim, especially as the majority of 
churches in England and Scotland 
have already urged that farther 
; measures be taken. . 

The Prime Minister helped to 
set up the EPG (Eminent Persons 
Group). Writing at the end of their 
report about “concerted action of 
an effective land”, the group 
concluded: “Such action may be 
the last opportunity to avert the 
worst bloodbath since the Second 
World War." 

Measures taken to avert this, 
even if they entail economic 
hardship, far from being immoral, 
are the only peaceful means left to 
persuade the Botha government to 
open meaningful n^nttminiw 
with South African majority lead- 

Regrettably Sir Geoffrey 
Howe's mission on behalf of the 
EEC can be seen to have achieved 
no significant results. If the Prime 
Minister is to continue to invoke 
morality, she must now initiate 
these “concerted measures of an 
effective kind". 

Yonrs faithfully, 
(Chairman, Board for Social 
Responsibility of the Church of 

BMopYbroft, Old Church Road, 
Haibome, Birmingham. 

July 30. 

Politics and Press 

From Mr Joe Haines 
Sir, You say in your leader (July 
25) about the Westland affair that 
“much of Mr Ingham's conduct' in 
this matter as in others would be 
unremarkable if tike Mr Joe 
Haines in the Government of 
Harold Wilson, he was a political 
appointee claiming .none of the 
neutrality that goes with the Civil 

Up to a point. Lord Gbpper. But 
it is not tolerable, even in a 
political appointee, to behave - 
disreputably. I was appointed. 
Press Secretary (as a Civil Servant) 
because of my well-known views, 
but I never imposed political, as 
opposed to governmental, propa- 
ganda upon' the Lobby or any 
other group. 

In my first spell at No 10 the 
Prime Minister had a political 
Press officer, Gerald Kaufman, 
who never interfered with the 
Civil Service Press office. The 
difficulty for a permanent Civil 
Servant in the post of Press 
Secretary is that, he serves an 
individual and not the Govern- 
ment as a whole, whatever the 
convention. * 

The job cannot be done prop- 
' erfy without a fierce loyalty to the 
Prime Minister. Inevitably, that 
takes the ' incumbent beyond 
political neutrality. It is better to 
>e honest about it from the start, ' 
bur not dishonest in office. 

Yours faithfully, 


Mirror Group Newspapers, 

Holbom Circus. EC1. 

Pig in a poke 

From the Librarian and the Assis- 
tant Librarian qf the William Sab 

Sir, The picture of a giant pig 
whose sale for £15,400 you re- 
ported on July 23 has- been 
tentatively attributed to Thomas 
Peploe Wood, of Great Haywood, 

The William Salt library has a 
large collection of T. P. Wood 
paintings, mostly watercolours 
and including some of his rough 
sketchbooks, and h seems to us 
that the style of the pig picture is 
so completely different from any 
of these as to make it highly 
unlikely that Wood could have 
painted it. 

Even his earliest work shows a 
sophistication and tightness of 
touch lacking in the pig picture; be 
is certainly not a primitive painter 
in the usual sense of the term. The 
library also holds a number of 
electoral registers and commercial 
directories datnw .from Wood's . 
lifetime, in which no mention is 
made of a Joseph Lawton in or 
near Great or Little Haywood, 

> which suggests that the giant pig 
may have been bred before T. P. 
Wood was. 

A more likely candidate is 
perhaps Benjamin Rogers, of Staf- 
ford. His dates are uncertain but 
he was flourishing around 1800 
and appears in Parson and 
Bradshaw’s Staffordshire direc- 
tory. for 1818. The William Salt ; 
Utasry possesses a large picture < 

advertisement for the Crown Inn, 
Stone, engraved from a painting 
by Rogers, whose style is strikingly i 

similar to that of The pig pain ting, < 

particularly in the re p r e s ent a ti on < 

of buildings. Rogers's main claim < 

to feme is that he was the first < 

drawing master of the better 
known Peter de WinL ] 

Yours faithfully, < 

DUDLEY FOWKES, Librarian, < 



The William Salt Library, 1 

Eastgate Street, Stafford. J 

Preserving value in family life 

From Professor Richard Whitfield . 
Sir, The rise in 1985 of births to 
single women and unmarried 
couples to one in five of all births 
(report, July 21) is just one 
indicator of alarming trends in 
family formation and in the 
climate for child development. 
Over a mere eight years, nothin a 
relatively stable and liberal di- 
mate regarding abortion, this 
proportion has more than don- 

We know less than we should 
about the details of this trend. 
While some encouragement can 
be drawn from the fact that two 
thirds of such births are registered 
m the joint names of mother and 
father, with half of these babies 
having parents who are at feat 
time cohabiting, there appears to 
be reticence or a fear of commit- 
ment between these partners 
which, at the very least, does not 
promote the security and identity, 
legal and otherwise, which is 
generally helpful for all parents 
and children. 

The overall costs to the public 
purse, and to industry, of the 
consequences of household tur- 
moil and insecurity, however 
caused, are vast They may even 
yet emerge as unacceptable to all 
major political parties. The rate of 
change in the social fabric is now 
greater than at any time in 
recorded history. Many can and 
do lose their way at enormous 
personal cost, sometimes through 
tittle direct fault of their own. 

It is becoming culturally un- 
fashionable to make and sustain 
long-term promises to our mates 
and to our offspring. Such prom- 
ises have never been easy to fulfil; 

The Queen’s role 

From Mr Nevil Johnson 
Sir, Mystery and romanticism 
quickly take hold of any dis- 
cussion of the constitutional role 
of the Crown, as recent correspon- 
dence shows. Yet the Queen as a 
representative Head of State does 
not differ fundamentally from 
several other constitutional mon- 
archs and even elected presidents. 

They too, despite written 
constitutions in various shapes 
and sizes, perform their functions 
mainly on the basis of convention 
and precedent; “constant adapta- 
tion and readaptation" (Mr Philip 
Allott, July 24) is a feature of the 
constitutional evolution of their 
. societies just as much as of ours. 

The course of British constitu- 
tional history over the past cen- 
tury or more confirms the 
conclusion that the Monarch now 
has no constitutional right to 
express opinions publicly on sub- 
stantive policy issues. No doubt 
she has opinions-on such matters 
and, for all we know, may from 
time to time pass them on to her 
Prime Minister. - 

But as Mr Payne (July 24) 
shrewdly observes, we do not 
know whether this is so and can 
thus pass no opinion on the 
Monarch's wisdom or otherwise. 
Indeed, our ignorance dem- 
onstrates the Monarch's surrender 
of any claim to make public her 
views on policy questions. If she 
ventures to warn on such matters, 
she must do so in secret. • 

Does this mean, then, that the 
Sovereign is no more than a land 
ofBagehotian mute, never entitled 
to step outside the anonymity of 
private conversations? I think not 
The Sovereign remains a guardian 
of the Constitution, perhaps a 
guardian of last resort. The Queen 
is committed constitutionally to 

Midwives’ pay 

From Dr John Evans 
Sir, The report (July 16) entitled 
“Midwives to seek parity over 
pay" may give a false impression 
to many people. 

Few would deny the need for a 
pay rise for our “underpaid and 
understaffed midwives". But the 
Royal College of Midwives 
(RCM) claims that they have a 
strong case for parity with junior 
hospital registrars, which is 

selfish drives vie with our capacity 
to care for others. Yet environ- 
mental circumstances can help or 
hinder commitment and growth 
in our relationships. 

A key to healthy development 
throughout the life cycle is to 
know that we are individually 
significant, that we are intrin- 
sically valuable to at least a few 
others whose sustained love and 
acceptance we experience. The 
foundations of such conviction, of 
a secure identity and the related 
capacity to share in love and 
commitment, are laid down in 
childhood; they are often 
imergenerationafly transmitted, 
which bequeathes no small chal- 
lenge for teaching. 

Every child has the right to 
know both its mother and tether, 
or other equivalent long-term 
substitutes such as adoptive par- 
ents, and to receive durable 
commitments from them. No 
rigorous research on child 
development, nor indeed clinical 
practice with children or adults, 
suggests otherwise as ideals for 
policy and teaching. 

of family formation and 
maintenance lie at the heart of 
creating viable societies. There is 
little evidence in this country to 
prompt complacency about these 
issues which should, without fur- 
ther delay, be far more central in 
the nation's business. 

Yours faithfully, 

Honorary Chairman, 

The National Campaign for the 
Family, . 

c/o The Salvation Army (Legal 

101 Queen Victoria Street, EC4. 

the maintenance of representative 
parliamentary government; this is 
the unspoken assumption of the 
Monarch’s existence. 

It means that there are certain 
procedural values — respect for the 
rule of law, for free elections and 
for the privileges of Parliament, 
for example — that the Monarch 
would in extremis have the right 
and duty to uphold publicly. Of 
course, the threat to parliamentary 
government would have to be 
pretty manifest to justify such 
intervention, and if we had 
reached that state of affairs we 
might wdl be past heeding the 
advice of the Monarch anyway. 
Yet the longstop is there. 

The puzzling question in rela- 
tion to the Queen and the 
Commonwealth is whether the 
fete of the Commonwealth is a 
genuine constitutional issue of the 
kind which might entitle the 
Monarch to express a view in 
public. Since the association rests 
on the complete independence of 
its members, I suspect that the 
facts support Enoch Powell's logic 
(feature, July 17). 

Whether the Commonwealth 
survives or not now has little or 
nothing to do with tire British 
Constitution. It is, however, a 
prospect which as matter of public 
policy concerns the British Gov- 
ernment And the Queen must 
adhere publicly to whatever 
conclusions the Government 
reaches on this policy or political 
question; ii is not one on which 
die would have the right to 
express her views publicly here in 
Britain. Nevertheless, it is becom- 
ing apparent that to share our 
Head of State with others may not 
always be without inconvenience. 
Yours faithfully, 


Nuffield College, Oxford. 

July 25. 

"A midwife does the same job in 
diagnosing or referring problem 
cases as a doctor ..." If she refers 
to the obstetric registrar, she 
forgets his/her skills and 
responsibilities for forceps deliv- 
eries, Caesarean sections, treat- 
ment of pre-eclampsia and many 
other concurrent medical and 
surgical problems. If she refers to 
GPs. they diagnose, treat and/or 
refer the whole spectrum of 
medical/surgical problems. 

Finally, the duplication of skills 

tad«dby ft. independent pay aS’ 

review body. 

Please consider that the basic 
pay quoted for midwives (£6,500 
pa) is for a 3714hr week (overtime 
receives above basic remunera- 
tion). The junior hospital registrar 
has undergone an average eight 
year medical training, with 
qualifications beyond MB ChB or 

The registrar receives the 
quoted £15,000 pa for an 80hr 
week and has less job security 
(contracts being for an averge of 1 
to 2 years). 

Miss Ruth Ashton (General 
Secretary of the Royal College of 
Midwives) is quoted as saying that 

St John’s Lodge 

From the Chairman qf the Crown 
Estate Paving Commission 
Sir, The letter of Mr Anthony 
Jacobs of July 29 (published 
today) could give an incorrect 
impression of the duties of a 
Crown Estate Paving Commis- 

This Commission is responsible 
by statute for the maintenance of 
Paving, Ornamental Enclosure 
and Scavenging in order to con- 
serve and enhance The. Regent's 
Park Estate. 

The management of the build- 
ings and lodges of the Estates rests 
exclusively with the Crown Estate 
Office, with whom we enjoy the 
closest and most positive co- 

Yours faithfully, 

Chairman and Commissioner, 
Crown Estate Paving 


The Lodge. Park Square West, 
Regent’s Park. NW1. 

July 3a 

overlap is not as great as implied 
by the article. Many hospital 
confinements are potentially high 
risk cases. Good obstetric manage- 
ment allows many of these to have 
“norma!" deliveries, and being 
conversant with the history and 
management of these patients is a 
prerequisite to good care and 
correct intentions, as is experience 
with normal deliveries in “low 
risk” pregnancies. 

Yours faithfully, 


Anaesthetic Registrar, 

University Hospital of Wales, 
Cardiff South Glamorgan. 

July 24. 

Fighting spirit 

From Mr Colin Billyard 
Sir Your leader of July 18 quite 
correctly highlighted the resource 
and financial inadequacies of the 
provision of sports facilities in 
schools. Physical education has 
always been the poor relation in an 
academic environment However, 
the point of such discussion 
should not be that decline in 
competition leads to a decline in 
the national sporting elite, but that 
competition, per se, is held as the 
be-all and end-all of any physical 
activity called sport 
If we take the “winning" out of 
sport and return to the public 
school ethic penned by Gramland 
Rice at the turn of the century — 
“He marks, not that you won or 
lost but how you played the 
game" — then perhaps our nation 
will, once agam, be respected in 
the world arena of sport 
Yours faithfully, 


Apple Acre, Hill Brow, 
list Hampshire. 



AUGUST 11966 

Tiaeniy years on. this remains 
England'afinest moment in the 
World Cup of football The 
Germans mere not happy about 
the decision that gave England 
their first goal in extra time, some 
of their commentators 
complaining that the result hung 
on the decision of a Russian 
linesman, and they gave their 
team on its return a welcome fit 
more for victors than vanquished. 
Our Football Correspondent was 

writing for The Times for mot 
than 40 years, including the 
coverage of 31 FA Cup finals 


[From Out Football 

[England 4 West Germany 2] 

England, the pioneers of orga- 
nized football and the home of the 
game, are the new World Champi- 
ons, for the first time. They are Mill 
pinching themselves. 

So. too, are others of us, the 
sceptics, who from the start 
thought the feat beyond our reach. 
But it is no dream. If England, 
perhaps, did not possess the great- 
est flair, they were the best 
prepared in the field, with the best 
temperament based on a functional 
plan. Further to that, they built up 
to a peak. The timing of it was 

West Germany, twice semi- 
finalists in other years, and the 
surprise holders of 1954, when they 
upset the magnificent Hungarians, 
were beaten fair and square in a 
match of high drama. 

The climax wnm* in a p unishing 
period of an extra half-hour after 
the Germans had first led and then 
saved their necks with an equaliz- 
ing goal at 2-2, a mere 15 seconds 
from the end of normal time. But 
Moore and his men rose magnifi- 
cently to the challenge. Only the 
two sets of actors, down on that 
green stage could have truly felt the 

rh'Qnppornf-mpnt or pliitinn of 

that moment. 

But as England were as yet 
girding themselves for the extend- 
ed test, Mr. Ramsey, their manag- 
er, walked calmly among his men to 
say: “AD right. You let it slip. Now 
start again!” 

Thus the 1966 championships 
were crowned worthily in the 
presence of the Queen and the 
Duke of Edinburgh. Earlier irrita- 
tions were forgotten and the best 
now lingers on. . . 

To add to the swaying excite- 
ment of a match of tiny errors 
punished there rwmp one final 
point for debate. Extra time ap- 
proached its mid-way as Stales, 
now a five-barred gate, set Ball free 
with a long pass down the right. 
Over came the instant centre. 
Hurst trapped, swivelled and thun- 
dered his shot to the underside of 
TDkowski's cross-bar. The ball 
hurtled down to be h e a ded dear by 

Was it over the line or not? It 
was aU a matter of speed of the eye. 
It looked good. The referee consult- 
ed his Russian linesman. The wait 
was agonizing. The answer was 
“goal!”. The Germans protested as 
England, 3-2 ahead, rejoined, and 
the stadium erupted. 


How both sides saw out the last 
stages of a punishing two hours was 
beyond praise. But the final stroke 
of all was perhaps the best of all as 
the book was snapped shut Again 
with only seconds to go, it was 
England’s turn to write finis to it 

Again it was Hurst who did so, 
imperiously. In another West Ham 
move he took a deep pass from 
Moore through the extended Ger- 
man defensive now commit- 
ted to a last despairing attack — 
drove himself onwards to end with 
a rasping left-foot shot that rattled 
Tflkowski's net . . . 

ENGLAND: Banks. Cohen. 

J.CharitoD, Wilson, Stiles, Moore (cap- 
tain), Peters, R. Charlton, Ball, Horst, 

Hottges, Schultz. Weber, SchoeMinger. 
Beckenbauer, Haller, Seder, Held, 
Overath, Emmerich. 

Royal wedding 

From Mrs Christine Carter 
Sir. Along with, hundreds of 
thousands of South Africans 1 
have just watched the royal wed- 
ding on television. Because of a 
ban by British unions we were not 
allowed to hear any of the music 
that was performed inside West- 
minster Abbey. South African TV 
substituted similar music during 
the periods of silence but this 
detracted from the beautiful and 
mo Yingceremony. 

The ironical thing is that the 
majority of those of us who were 
watching have ties with Britain, 
and are opposed to apartheid, 
which is the reason for the ban. 
The right-wingers is this country 
were probably not sufficiently 
interested in the Royal Family to 
bother to watch the wedding. 

What really rankles is the 
thought that this programme 
could have been watched by other 
African countries, and elsewhere 
in the world, where there are cruel 
and oppressive regimes. 

Yours truly, 


4 The Meadows, 

Camps Bay, ■ 

Cape Town, 

Republic of South Africa. 


From Mr Kenneth Loveland 
Sir. Bui what was the teddy bear's 
name (royal marriage report, July 

Yours faithfully, 


20 Monmouth House; 

Cwmbran, Gwent 
July 28. 











July 31: Dr Alexander Muir 
(Physician to The Queen in 
Scotland) and Dr Henry Gebbie 
(Apothecary-designate u> the 
Household at the Palace of 
Holyroodhouse) had the honour 
of being received by The Queen 
and were introduced into Her 
Majesty's presence by Dr John 
Batten (Head of the Medical 
Household and Physician to 
The Queen). 

Dr David Illingworth had the 
honour of being received by The 
Queen upon his retirement as 
Apothecary to the Household at 
the Palace of Holyroodhouse. 

The Viscount of Arbuthnott, 
as Lord High Commissioner to 
the General Assembly of the 
Church of Scotland, had the 
honour of being received by The 

Her Majesty presented The 
Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry 
to Mr Norman MacCaig. The 
Poet Laureate (Mr Ted Hughes) 
was present in attendance. 

Captain George Burnet, win- 
ner of the annual shooting event 
of The Queen's Bodyguard for 
Scotland, the Royal Company of 
Archers, had the honour of 
being presented to Her Majesty 
and received The Queen’s Prize. 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh gave an Afternoon 
Party in the Garden of the 
Palace of Holyroodhouse. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales. The Princess Anne. Mrs 
Mark Phillips, Captain Alexan- 
der Ramsay and the Lady 
Saltoun, the Hon Alice Ramsay 
and the Hon Elizabeth Ramsay 
were present. 

The Queen's Bodyguard for 
Scotland, the Royal Company of 
Archers, under the command of 
the Captain-General, Colonel 
the Earl of Stair, Gold Stick for 
Scotland was on duty. 

The High Constables of the 
Palace of Holyroodhouse were 
on duty. 

The Bands of the 1st Battalion 
The Black Watch (Royal High- 
land Regiment) and the 1st 
Battalion The Queen's Own 
Highlanders (Seaforth and 
Camerons) played selectins of 
music during the afternoon. 

The Prime Minister and Mr 
Denis Thatcher arrived at the 
Palace of Holyroodhouse this 

The Prime Minister later had 
an audience of Her Majesty. 

The Duke of Edinburgh, 
Chancellor, visited Edinburgh 
University today and was re- 
ceived by the Principal (Dr J. 

His Royal Highness this eve- 
ning visited the National Gal- 
lery of Scotland. Princes Street, 
Edinburgh and was received by 
Her Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant 
for the City of Edinburgh (Dr 
John McKay, the Right Hon the 
Lord Provost). 

Squadron Leader Timothy 
Finneron and Major Rowan 
Jackson, RM were in 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, this morning visited 
the Commonwealth Games Vil- 
lage and afterwards lunched 
informally with Games compet- 
itors in the Dining HalL 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the Chairman of the 
Commonwealth Games Federa- 
tion (Mr Peter Heady) and the 
Village Commandant (Mr Cam- 
eron Cochrane). 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, this evening attended a 
Reception at the Caledonian 
Hotel, Edinburgh (given by the 
Sports Aid Foundation for those 
participating in the XIII 
Common wealth Games. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the Vice-President of 
the Foundation (Mr Paul 

The Hon Mrs Legge-Bourke 
was in attendance 

July 31: The Prince and Princess 
of Wales this morning visited 
the Commonwealth Festival 
Centre in the Assembly Rooms 
and subsequently visited the 
Commonwealth Music Village 
in Princes Sum Gardens, 

Miss Anne Beckwilh-Smith 
and Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 
Anderson were in attendance. 

The Princess of Wales left the 
Palace at Holyroodhouse this 

The Prince of Wales, Presi- 
dent, Scottish Business in the 
Community, this evening at- 
tended a dinner with members 
and guests of Scottish Business 
in the Community at Dalmeny 
House, West Lothian. 

Sir John Riddell. Bt and Mr 
Ruper Fairfax were in 

July 31: The Duke of Kent, 
Colonel Scots Guards, today 
took the Salute at the Passing 
Out Parade at the Guards 
Depot, Pirtwght, Surrey. 

This evening His Royal High- 
ness took the Salute at the 
Colchester Garrison Searchlight 

His Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight, was attended by 
Captain Michael Campbell- 

The Queen will embark in HMY 
Britannia at Southampton on 
August 6 to cruise the Western 

The Queen, accompanied by die 
Duke and Duchess of York, will 
disembark from HMY Britan- 
nia at Aberdeen on August 16 
and tour Aberdeen Harbour. 

A service of thanksgiving for die 
life of Mr W. D. Lacey will be 
held at St Margaret’s, West- 
minster, at noon today. 

Forthcoming marriages 

MrS-F. Thomas 
and Miss J. Rtf ley 
"The engagement is announced, 
and the marriage will take place 
in September, between Stephen, 
younger son of Sir William 
Thomas, Bt, and Lady Thomas, 
and Jane, eldest daughter of the 
Hon Nicholas Ridley, MP, and 
Lady Richard Percy. 

Mr VJL Acheson 
and Miss F.GJ. McCulloch 
The engagement is announced 
between Vincent Rennoldson 

Mr NJXC. Iamb 
and Miss CAJVL. Simpson 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, elder son of 
Major and Mrs John Lamb, of 
Selwood Place, London, and 
ChlOe, younger daughter of Mr 
and Mrs ' rater Simpson, of 
Henley, Fosbury, Marlborough, 

Mr N J. Watson 
and Miss L.G. Pain 
The engagement is announced, 
and the marriage will take place 
on August 2. ai the Church of St 
Margaret, Leigb-on-Sea, of Neil, 
youngest son of Mr and Mrs W. 
Watson, of Hastings, and Les- 
ley, eldest daughter of the late 
Mr K. Fain and of Mrs Pain, of 
Leigh -on-Sea. . 

Acheson, The Queen’s Royal 
Irish Hussars, younger son of 
Professor Roy Acheson. of 
Churchill College, Cambridge, 
and Dr Fiona Acheson, of 52 
Eaton Mews West, London 
SWl, and Fiona Catherine Jane, 
younger da tighter of Mr and Mrs 
tan McCulloch, of Rafters, 
Waldron, near Heath field. East 

Mr RJVL Laurie 
and MissGS. Dwswth . 

The engagement is announced MamaffeS 
between Ranald Martin, eldest 
son of Mr and Mrs Robert 
Laurie, of Heatieys, Ingrave, 

Essex, and Catherine Susan, 
elder daughter of Lieutenant- 
Colonel and Mrs D.P. 

Dunseath, of Cross House, 

Henstridge, SomerseL 

Mr AJ.Beedey 
and Miss CM. Ferrand 
The engagement is announced 
between Alan John, only son of 
Mr and Mrs G Beesley. 120 
Radnor Road, Bristol, and Ca- 
milla Margaret, only daughter of 
the late Captain Christopher 
Ferrand and of Mrs Christopher 
Ferrand, TiHywbally, 

Milnathort, Kinross-shire. 

Dr A.N. McLachlan 
and Miss AA4LE. King 
The engagement is announced 
between Afastair Neil, younger 
son of Dr and Mrs Ron 
McLachlan, of Lambley, Not- 
tingham, and Amanda Mary 
Elizabeth, younger daughter of 
Mr and Mrs John lung, of 
LlandafT, Cardiff 

Mr RjL Stracban 

and Elizabeth Viscountess 


The marriage took place in 
London on July 31 between Mr 
Richard Alexander Strachan, 
son of Mr Harold Strachan and 

Mrs A, W. H. Grant, and. 
Eliza b eth Viscountess Blodisloe, 
daughter of Sir Edward and 
Lady Thompson. 

MrCRA Carter 
and Miss G.S.T. Crow 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, youngest 
son of Mr and Mrs A. R. Carter, 
of Ravenscroft, Ravenscroft 
Road, WiUenhalL and Crlenys, 
eldest daughter of Mrs E M_ 
Crow, of Ty Golau, 18 Fen-y- 
banc Road, Ammanford, and 
the late Mr P. J. M. Crow. 

Mr PJA Morgan 
and Miss J J. Ogden 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, son of Mr and 
Mrs Michael Morgan, of 
Putney, London, SWl 5, and 
Julia, daughter of Mis P. D. 
Ogden ana of the late Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel R- H. Ogden, MBE 
of Fairth waite Park, Cowan 
Bridge, Lancashire. 

Mr MJVL Chandy 
and Miss GM. Marshall 
The engagement is announced 
between Manohar, second son 
of Dr G. V. and Dr S. R- 
Chandy, of Crosby, Liverpool, 

Mr AJX Roberts 
and Miss EjG Paterson 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, son of Mr 
David Roberts and the late Mrs 
Yvonne Roberts, of Mulbery 
Green, Old Harlow, and Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Mr and Mis 
Joseph D. Paterson, of Lindsey 

Mr DJVL Coombs 
and Miss J.S. Lonsdale 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, June 1 4, at the Church 
of St Mary the Virgin, Chariton 
Marshall, Dorset, of Mr Derek 
Coombs, youngest son of the 
late Mr and ■ Mrs Clifford 
Coombs, and Miss Jennifer 
Lonsdale, eldest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Edward Lonsdale. The 
Rev David Pennal officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Sophie 
B1 unden. Miss Kate Blunden 
and Miss Jessica Blunden. Mr 
Keith Coombs was best man. 

The reception was held at 
Stepteton House; Dorset 

and Mrs JJVL Lowein 
The marriage look place quietly 
in London on Thursday, July 
31. 1986, of Mr Ken Newman, 

and Caroline, elder daughter of House, BarreUs Down Road, - 0 f South Kensington, London, 

w i if • m a’ _ Prf-liAwV CfArt f Awl ■ • m . • 

Mr and Mrs Humphrey Mar- 
shall, of WaJ lon-o n-Thames, 

Mr JJ. Ferguson 
and Miss E-A. Bust 
The engagement is announced 
between John, only son of Mr 
and Mrs A. G. Fergusson, of 
Cbeam, Surrey ; and Elizabeth, 
youngest daughter of the hue Mr 
R. P. W. Buaand of Mrs E M. 
Busi, of Banbury, Oxfordshire. 
Mr J.TJL Goodwin 
and Miss Dl. Maxwell 
The engagement is announced 
between Julian, second son of 
Mr R.Bl Goodwin, of Hamp- 
stead, London, and Mrs K. 
Laurie, of Shaftesbury, Dorset, 
and Deborah, elder daughter of 
Mrs S. Ripley and the late Mr P. 
Maxwell, of Hale. Cheshire. 

Bishop’s StortfonL 

Mr ME. Sdama 
and Miss F J. Cotton 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael, second son of 
Mrs Bryan Simons of Hale, 
Cheshire, and the late Mr Mau- 
rice Sdama. and Fiona, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs Derek Cotton, 
of Guernsey, formerly of 

and Mrs Jenny Lowein, widow 
of Mr Bobby Lowein, of Cowes, 
Isle of Wight. 

Mr PJ2. Ryan 

and Mrs VJM. Bishop 

The marriage took place on 

Saturday, July 26, of Mr Peter 

Ryan and Mrs Valerie (Fuzzie) 

Bishop (nee Christie). 

Mr AJ>. Spnhnaa 
and Miss NJ. Coghfam 
The engagement is announced 
between Alim, only son of Mr 
and Mrs D. T. Spillman, of 
Hazdbury Bryan, Dorset, and 
Nicola, only daughter of Mr T. 
G. Cochlan, ofDurban, and Mrs 
Paul Batting, of Frisian, East 

Mr N J. Taylor 
and Miss S. Brows 
The marriage took place on July 
26, 1986, at the Sacred Heart 
Church, St Aiibin, Jersey, of Mr 
Nicholas James Taylor, son of 
Mr and Mrs H[pgh Taylor, of St 
John, Jersey, and Miss Susan 
Brown, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Mervyn Brown, of Hartlepool, 


Latest appointments include: 
Mr Lawrence Middleton to be 
Ambassador to Korea, in 
succession to Mr J. N. T. 
Spree kley. 

Mr Arthur Wyatt to be British 
High Commissioner to Ghana, 
in succession to Mr K. F. X. 

Lord Windfesham to be Chair- 
man of the Trustees of the 
British Museum from Septem- 
ber 29, in succession to Lord 

Mr Tony Smythe to be Director 
of SHAC (the London Housing 
Aid Centre) on Novemebr 1, in 
succession to Mr Nicholas 
RaynsfonL MP. 

Science report 

A short-cut to 
new vaccines 

By John Newell 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 1 

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SI. Mark A: 31 


UXtt-OnZ9(h July, lo Pauline into 
Gray' and Nicholas, a daughter. 
Persephone Claire Bridgman. 

On July 24th. at the West 
London Hospital. Hammersmith, to 
Jo iBorrill) and Graham, a sot. 
James Alexander, a brother for 


(BOWCK - On July 29th. to Judith (nto 
Turner! and Alan, a daughter. 
Carotin? Mary. 

On 2Wi July, lo Dr and 
Mrs Clive L Handler, a daughter. 
Chari one Rachel Henrietta. 

On 30th July to Jennifer 
i nee Bromwich i and Julius, a son.; 
Ctimtottwr. brother to Alexander. 

JESSEL . On 291 h July. 1966 to 
Harriot and Richard, a son. David 
Hugh Joseph, a brother for Edwina. 

KENNEDY ■ On 2Sth July, lo Sue and 
Don. a son. David Scott a brother for 

LA WHENCE -CAR!? ■ On 27th July, lo 

Brenda into Cam and Christopher, a 
daughter. Jennifer Amour te 

MOSENTHAL - On 29th July, at SL 
Thomas’ Hospital, lo Alison into 
Stephen) and Max. a eon. wuuam 

MURPHY . on July 4th. In Southamp- 
ton- K> Ann into Lennon) and 
Cormac. a daughter. Lucy, a Sister 
for Ronan. 

ROSOMAII - on July 290V. is Alison 
inee Brooks) and Michael, a 
daughter. Caroline Louise, a suer 
for Thomas. 

5MGER - on 24th July, to Susan (nee 
Titles) and John, a daughter Amelia 
Frances Osborne. 

TDQNUN30H ■ On 29th July, to 
Jayne inf* Prirei and Nick, a brother, 
'Mark) for James. 

TYLER - To Rosemary and Si moo on 
500) July 1986. a son. James (Jamie) 
Maurice, ai Guys HostmaL 

WHALE - On 30th July, to David and 
Sue. a daughter. Kate. 

WOODWARD on 30tn July, a daugh- 
ter. daisy, for Rosemary and Robert 

a suer for Sam and nob-. 

ruby anniversary 

HOGEON i MIST - On 1st August 
1946 at Christ Church. Brussels, 
Maior Alan PMgcon. Intelligence 
C®n» lo Nancy Hint formerly of 
Hullon. Preston. 

ARTHUR - On 3lst July. 1986. 
Alexander John. Dearest son of 
Christina Duncanson Arthur of Har- 
rogate. rormerly of Hamilton, and 
the late A. Best Arthur of Airdrie, 
dear brother of Dr Valerie M.K. Ar- 
thur. Cremation private. No flowers 
Ptease. Donations. U desired, to 
Wheatflekb Hospice. Grove Road. 
Leeds LS6 2AEL 

BACNALL - On 3 1st July. 1986. peace- 
fully ai home. Richard Gordon 
Beloved husband, father and pand 
father. Funeral Service at SL 
Andrew's Church. Much Hadham an 
Wednesday. 6th August at 2.00 um. 
Family flowers only lo Ttuwgoodr 
please, or donations to *SL Thomas's 
Support Team', c/a The Director. 
The Support Team. SL Thomas's 
Hospital. SCI. 

BARTON - On July 28th. in hospital. 
Joan of 10 Mill Road. Salisbury, 
founder of the While Hone 
Bookshop. Mari borough. poeL annL 
groat-aunt and great -great -aunt. No 
flowers but donations, if desired, in 
the Cathedral Spire Appeal Trust. 67 
The Close. Salisbury. Funeral at 
11.00 am oo Friday. August 111 at 
The Cathedral. Salisbury. 

BURGESS - On July 30th. peacefully. 
Joyce Madeleine, wife of the late 
John and mother of GUHan Man - . 
Funeral on Friday. August 8th at 
Chtchester Crematorium ai 1.30 pm. 
No flowers but donations, tr desired, 
to the Chest. Heart and Stroke Asso- 
ciation. Tavistock House North. 
Tavistock Square. London WC1H 

COCKER - On 29th July. 1986. 
Professor Ralph Cocker. CJB.E of 
Charing. Kent. Formerly of Kings 
College Hospital. London. Dear hus- 
band of Margaret and father of Piers. 
Christine and Frances. Cremation 
will be private. No flowers hy request 
but donations may be made to Kings 
College School of Medicine and 
Dentistry. SOUs Anniversary 
Educational Trust 

EARL - On July 29th. peacefully In 
Alton HasoilaL after a short Illness. 
Joyce Mary Earl Into Tanner), wife 
of Robert and beloved mother of 
Richard and Anna. Cremation at 
Aldershot on August 5Ut at 230 pm. 
No flowers please, donations if 
desired to R-A.F Benevolent Fund. 
67 Portland Place. London. 

EL-JAZACKY - Suddenly on July 29th. 
Emlra Sanda et-Jazaery. Beloved 

mother of Luqt- Nicky and Henry, 
and daughter of Patricia 
AUcraworth. Family Cremation on 
6th August- Memorial Service aa 
13th August. Flowers (a home. 

HAWGOOD - On Sunday. Z7th July. 
1986. suddenly at Purler. Jean fnto 
Burton-RouU. Mother and artlsL A 
warm, loving. generous, trusting and 
Hvety character. Much loved and 
sadly missed by Lawrie. Nfkld and 
Becca. Funeral at 10.00 am on 
Wednesday. 6th August al SL 
Aldan's Church. CouBdon. All enqui- 
ries. tel. 01-660 3005. Flowers to 
Stoneman Funeral Services. Doran 
Court. Retgaie Rood. RedhU. 

HENDERSON. Charles winiam - On 
30U1 July 1986. at The Savernake 
Hospital. Marlborough, aged 95. 
Funeral on Tuesday. 8th August 
} 1.30 am at Swindon Crematorium. 
No flowers Please. 

HOLLER. Erik Leir - On July 31 St at 
Warttnghara aged 54. Director, 
world Food Program m e, peacefully 
in hu sleep. Private cremation. 
Family flowers only Donations to 
Cancer Research Fund. 

PWPW-On 30th July. John Constan- 
ta*. husband of HertnfoOfc father Of 
Elizabeth and Susan- Cremation pri- 
vate. Service of Uuniugtvmg at St 
Bartholomews Church. Bin-wash, on 
Wednesday 6th August at 12 noon. 
No flowers please. Donations if de- 
sired to hnperial Cancer Research 
Fund, ci o C Waterhouse and Sons. 
Burwash- East Sussex. 

TOJHTCH - On Tuesday. 290i July 
1986. peacefully at Battle Hospital. 
Reading. Berks. Edgar Lew* T.D. 

Deariy loved hutband of the lae Nan 
PHdllch, father of Simon and grand- 
father of onvm. Funeral Sendee St 
James Church. Ruacombe. 12 noon. 
Monday. 41h August followed by pri- 
vate cremation. Family flowers only. 
Donations. If desired. » the Royal 
Artillery Charitable Fund. Royal Ar- 
tiltery House. Connaught Barracks. 
Grand Depot Rood. London SETS 

POLGLASC - On 28 th July, al home. 
Katherine Elsie Potgtase of 
WestmeatL Burtton. Harts, aged 87. 
widow to Alan. Cremation at Chlcb- 
ester. Thursday. 7th August at 

POWYS-MMES-On July 29th. 1986. 
at home after a long Illness borne 
with enormous courage. Alexandra 
Sarah Louise, cherished dautfuer of 
Pal and Ivor, loving sister of Claire. 
Laura and Nick and beloved grand- 
daughter of Mariorte and Eddy 
Taylor. The Funeral Service wtH 
take place at SL Peters Church. 
Sttafotd new- Horsham. Sussex on 
Tuesday. August 5th at 12 noon. 
Floral tributes may be sent lo T.H. 
Sanders & Sons Ltd. 447 Upper 
Richmond Road West. SWl 4. 

REID - Isabella dearty loved wife of the 
late Hugh Alexander CaMerwood 
Retd bom formerly of EgUngham. 
Northumberland and moths- of Rob- 
in. Peter, and Margaret on 
Wednesday 3(Xh July. Funeral pri- 
vate. do (lowers, donations to the 
Sue Ryder Foundation. Nettlebed. Nr 
Henley un-Thames. 

RMfi. Mariorte Rose - On July 30th. 
oiler a long illness, at Pendean Con- 
vaiescou Home. MMDiureL Funeral 
Service at SL Mary's. West 
CMlUngton on August Sth at 11.30 
am- No flowers. Donations to King 
Edward VU Hospital. MltfhuraL 

ROBtSBQN - Suddenly, at bont* on 
27Ui July. Kathleen (nto Crowe), 
wife of Cal. L.C. RoWnson. tale RX- 
At her recites, no funeral. 

STOWE - On July 29th. at home after a 
long Uhwss. Pauline, aged 56. of 
Ramsgate. Kent: wife of Ray and 
mother of Nigel and Aldan. Service 
at St. Peters Pariah Church. 
Broadstaira al 1.45 pro today 
(Friday. August laiX 

TAYLOR. MoiUe Rente - Peacefully on 
July 28th 1986. after many years 
ngM against Paridnsons Disease. 
Loved mother of Judy and Paul 
Cameron and grandmother of 
Timothy. Funeral Service to be held 
al Boumemoiah Crematorium on 
Tuesday. August Sth at 5.15pm. 
Flowers or donaUans. if so desired, 
for the paridnsons Disease Society 
may be sent to W. Sheppard and 
Sous. 166 Windham Road. 

WILSON - On 3001 July, after a short 
iUness. Ettzabeth Arm (Betsy). 
Beloved wife of Captain JALA. 
(Macro) Wilson. J-P-. R N- and much 
loved mother and grandmother. 
Funeral private. Memorial Service to 
be announced. 

WISE. Nora E.H. ■ On the 2Uth Jaty 
Memorial Service ai the Church of 
me Heavenly Rest. 6th Avenue, at 
9(Xh Street. New York City. Tuesday 
29th July at 1 1 .00am. Memorial Ser- 
vice at the Congregational church. 
Con-wan. ConnecttcuL on Saturday 
2nd August at 2.00pm- hi lieu of 
flowers, contributions to the Corn- 
wall Fire Department Ambulance 
Care. Cornwall Bridge. Connecticut, 

WOLFF. Harts (Hany) • On Juty 30th. 
at home after a long lilneas borne 
wtm great fordtude. For 45 years the 
most beloved husband of Nancy, 
dearest rather of Paul and Marpnt 
and much loved grandfather of 

Stephanie. Nicholas. Jessica. Eliza- 
beth and Jonathan. Funeral private. 

WOOLLEY - On Thursday, 3ist July/ 
1986. peacefully at home. Lord 
wooaey of Hatton. CJLE.. DJ_ 
Family Funeral Service. Memorial 
Service details lo be announced. 


SMALLWOOD. Fltnor Katherine. A 
Memorial Service win be held ai St 
Helen's. Wheathampsiead at 2-30 
pm on Thursday. August 7th. 


cor ICO. May - let August 1980 - For 
my dear mother, in loUtm memory - 

GEORGE. Patrick Alan - 3rd Judy. 
1956 to let August 1980. Remem- 
bered with love by family and 

MELROSE. TX. Major dale KOSSL 
1976. On Mlnden Day with unfading 
love and pride, la sore and certain 
hope - Margaret. 

The complex chemicals which 
control the lmBwn body"5 metB- 
befic activities, compoamfs such 
as insulin and interferon, can 
now be made astride the body by 
cloning techniques. 

Tins involves in se rting (be 
genes for the wanted compounds 
into cultures of bacteria or 
cells and then using the 
cultures to make the hormone or 
' whatever type of natural nwi- 
ecnle is required. 

The same technique can be 
nsed to make vaccines from 
fragments of protein molecules 
taken from viruses. But there are 
severe limitations on the use 
both of bacteria and human cell 
cultures. Now an advance in 
genetic engineering research 
shows how to over come that 

Bacteria are cheap to grow, 
bat they produce their human 
type products in a sfrghtty 
altered and unsatisfactory form, 
which reqnire expensive 
modification after p urifi c ati on. 
Cell cultures are much more 
expensive to grow, and they 
produce their products much 
less proUfically than bacteria 
although the products need no 
further m od ifi cation. 

Now a technique has been 
developed which prodaces hu- 
man type products as prolifically 
as bacteria, yet with no need for 
further modification. 

The technique being nsed by 
MkroGeneSys laboratories, of 
Connecticut in the United 
States, works by har nessin g the 
prod active power of a virus 
which infects caterpillars and is 
known as baculovirns. 

The scientists have exploited 
a mechanism that the virus nses 
so that it is protected after it has 
killed its host. Viruses do not 
sur v ive on their own, they have 
to be incorporated in a host or 
prot e cted m some other way. 

When a caterpillar Infected 
with baodoviras is about to die, 
the infecting vires is able to 
switch oa a geae that stimulates 
its host to generate protein 
molecules that form a protective 
coating for Tiros partfcdes. 

Once the gene is switched on, 
the process works so fast that op 
to a fifth of the caterpillars body 
weight consists of one single 
virus coat protein hy the time the 
grub dies. 

The effect is to provide rapid 
protection for virus -partides 
.ready to infect the new host. 

Wien the gene takes over, the 
code that it carries is transcribed 
into protective protein coat at an 
extraordinary rate through a 
sequence of viral DNA called a 

The trick the scientists have 
played is, first, to insert a gene 
for a wanted compound into the 
baodoviras and, next, to the 
promoter part of the DNA. They 
then infect insect cells 
culture with the altered virus, 
and the cell cultures make the 
wanted compound as rapidly as 
an infected caterpillars tissues 
would make the virus coat 

Thus the baculovirns pro- 
moter can be harnessed to speed 
op biotechnology and potentially 
to make Its products cheaper. 
MkroGeneSys have used this 
technique to make an experi- 
mental vaodne for Hepatitas B 
which trill be nsed in dhtical 
trials this autumn. 

A vaodne to protect against 
malaria is being made in the 
same way by the group. 

Some researchers are beOeved 
to be testing the baculovirns 
promoter as a possible means of 
speeding np the production of 
lympbottineg (substances like 
interferoa and interleukin), 
which are the naturally-pro- 
duced compounds that control 
the . activities of the human 
immune system. A number of 
them are being dotted for trials 
as medical drags. 

Tbe outcome of the use of the 
baculovirns promoter could be a 
si gn i fi can t cot in the production 
costs of several drugs and 

vaccines beginning to be 
by dotting techniques. 

Source: Nature, Vol 321, p7M, 

Birthdays today 

Mr Lionel Bart, 56; Viscount 
Han worth. 70; Mr Cuxhbcrt 
Harrison, 81; Mr Frank Hauser, 
64; Sir ' William Haytmr, 80; 
Admiral Sr Nigd Henderson, 
77; Mr Richard Uoyd Jones, 53; 
Major-General R. C Mac- 
donald, -73; Professor W. H. 
Morris-Jones. 68; Professor B. 
C Roberts, 69; M Yves Saint 
Laurent, 50; Professor Laurie 
Taylor, 50. Mr G. E. Ward 
Thomas. 63. 



The following have been in- 
stalled officers of the Bowyers’ 
Company for the ensuing two 

Master. MrJJR. Bickford Smith: 
Upper Warden- Mr Robert 
Hardy: Renter Warden, Mr 
Richard Williams. 

Beechlawn Tutorial 
College for Girls, 

The Board of Directors of 
Beechlawn Tutorial College for 
Girls. ! Park Town. Oxford, 
have appointed Mrs Catherine 
Barrington- Ward as principal in 
place of Miss Anne Brercton, 
who retires from this position 
on September 1, 1986. 

Sir Stanley Rons' 

A service of thanksgiving for tbe 

life and week of Sir Stanley 
Rous win be held in West- 

minster Abbey at 1230 pm on 
Thursday, September 25, 1986. 
Those wishing to attend are 
invited to apply for tickets to: 
The Chapter Clerk, 20 Dean’s 
Yard, Westminster Abbey, Lon- 
don SWlP 3PA,' enclosing a 
stamped addressed envelope, by 
Thursday, September 1 1. Tick- 
ets will be posted on Thursday, 
September 18. AD are welcome 
to attend. 

Blacksmiths 9 


The following have been elected 
officers of. the Blacksmiths’ 
Company for tbe ensuing yean 
Prime Warden, Mr Boer N. G. 
Raynen Renter Warden, Mr F. 
A. Jackman; Third Warden, 
Wing Commander V, SL W. 
Smyth; Fourth Warden, Mr 
Gordon A. P. Jewiss. 

Weavers 9 


The following have been elected 
officers of the Weavers’ Com- 
pany for the ensuing yean 
Upper Bailiff. Mr J.L.M. Gra- 
ham: Renter Bailift Mr J.DJ*. 
Tanner, Upper Warden, Mr J.H. 
Ungdon-Dowiu Renter War- 
den, the Hon G.W.M. Chubh. 



Indian Army veteran of two world wars 

. . • p! 

Lieutenant-General Sir 
Clarence Kid, KCIE, CB„ 
DSO, FRSA, who died on July 
30, at tire age of 101, had a 
long and distinguished career 
with the Royal Engineers, 
much of it in India, a country 
which he came to know 
intimately and u> love deeply. 

Fust going out to the sub- 
continent to serve with the 
Indian Army in the Edwardi- 
an era, he was to return on 
many occasions, and during 
the Second World War was 
Engineer-in-Chief, Army 
Headquarters, India, and 
Master-General of the Ord- 
nance, India. 

Clarence August Bird was 
born on February 5, 1885, awl 
educated at Cheltenham Col- 
lege. He joined the Royal 
Engineers in 1904 and bad bis 
first Indian tour of duty from 
1907 to 1913, with the 1st 
Prince of Wales’s Own Sap- 
pers and Miners. 

He returned to Europe in 
1914 with the Indian Expedi- 
tionary Force in France and, 
as a regimental officer respon- 
sible for mining under Ger- 
man defences, was wounded, 
mentioned in despatches and 
awarded the DSO. Subset 
quentiy, be was Staff Officer to 
the Chief Engineer of XVII 

Between the wars he held a 
number of senior appoint- 
ments, among them Chief 
Instructor in Fortification at 
tbe School of Military Engi- 
neering, Chatham, from 1926 

to 1929, before returning to 
India to become Comman- 
dant of King George Own 
Bengal Sappers and Miners. 
Young arrivals to the regiment 
at that time remember their 
OO’s courteous reception of 
them, and his sympathetic 
counsel on the many problems 
they might encounter in an 
unfamiliar land- 

After further home service, 
which included his being 
Chief Engineer, Aldershot 
Command, he was back again 
in India as Engineer-in-Chief, 
Army HQ there. In this post 
he was responsible for over- 
seeing all railway, road, bridge 
and other construction work 
necessary for the prosecution 
of the war against the Japa- 
nese, who, by the end of his 
period of office, bad expelled 
British forces from Burma, 
and were expected to attempt 
tbe assault on India itself. 

From 1942 to 1944 he was, 
as Master-General of the Ord- 
nance, India, in charge of 
research and development, of 
an army equipment, utilising 
local resources where he 
could, or placing contracts 
overseas, to provide the vital 
flow of armaments. 

He retired from the Army in 
1944 but he had plenty mqre 
to give to tbe country in which 
he had served so long. From 

1944 to 1945 he was a regional 
commissioner in the food 
department of the Govern- 
ment of India, and then in 

1945 was appointed special 
officer to implement the 


Lord Woolley, CBE, who. as 
Sir Harold Woolley, was presi- 
dent of tbe National Farmers* 
Union of England and Wales 
from 1960 to 1966, died on 
July 31 at the age of 81. 
Dining the post-war period he 
was a leading figure in nation- 
al and international forming 

Harold Woolley was bom 
on February 6, 1 905, in Black- 
burn, of a family active in 
Lancashire county affairs. He 
was educated at Blackburn 
Grammar School and 
Woodhouse Grove School, 

On leaving school, he spent 
two winters at the Lancashire 
School of Agriculture and then 
went to a form in Cheshire to 
work and learn, at a time when 
it was normal to milk 20 cows 
by hand in tbe early morning 
and then spend the day 
ploughing behind a team of 
horses. He started on his own 
account on 150acresat the age 
of 20 in 1925. . . 

Afier the passing of theT 947 
Agriculture Act the NFU, as 
the largest union in the coun- 
try, assumed an even mine 
important role as the 
industry’s main economic 

Woolley achieved early 
prominence within it as one of 
the ablest of the younger men. 
He soon came to the fore in 
committee work, was elected 
vice-president in 1948 and 
deputy president in 1949 and 
1950 to James Turner (after- 
wards Lord Netherthorpe). 

For nine years he was 
chairma n of the union's par- 
liamentary committee when it 
was much' concerned with 
land use and the problems 
arising from the growth of 
open-cast mining; and for six 
years be led the employers' 
side on the Agricultural Wages 
Board. He was also chairman 
of tbe Agricultural Appren- 

ticeship Council in its forma- 
tive years. 

Though he was not in any 
salaried office when Turner 
retired in 1960, the majority of 
counties saw him as the most 
suitable candidate for what 
was likely to be adifficult post. 

His predecessor was a very 
dominant figure; his successor 
would have to use subtle 
means to control an organiza- 
tion representing a great range 
of not always consistent 

The extent to which Wool- 
ley succeeded may be judged 
from the fact that he was 
continually re-elected without 
opposition, despite the feeling 
at the time ofhis appointment 
that presidential terms should 
again be limited. 

An accomplished public 
speaker, though sometimes 
too conscious of any thin ice 
he might be crossing, he did 
his best work was done behind 
the scenes; and, as negotiator, 
be could be both tough and 
realistic without making many 
enemies.. - - 

Though the union, under 
his presidency, did launch out 
in new directions, be raw the 
political issue of adequate 
support for form incomes as 
central To this end, he kept 
the union free from party 
entanglements and main- 
tained its contacts across party 
lines, though his own politics 
were probably more to the 
right than those of his 

His activities were by no 
means confined to Britain and 
be became well-known in 
Europe, the United States and 
the Commonwealth. But he 
was happier dealing with the 
English-speaking countries 
than with Europe, and union 
thinking was not altogether on 
the side of the Brussels negoti- 
ators when tbe first applica- 

tion for entry into the EEC 
was being discussed. 

The policy he advocated 
looked to wider regulation of 
food production through in- 
ternational commodity agree- 
ments, coupled with the 
development of a world food 

A sudden illness removed 
him from tbe centre of the 
1965 price review negotia- 
tions, which resulted in an 
award which the majority of 
his members found quite in- 
adequate. He came back from 
convalescence to lead the “fair 
deal” campaign, which the 
union ran through the follow- 
ing summer ana autumn in 
favour of renewed agricultural 

In 1965, Woolley foiled, for 
the first time, to get the 85 per 
cent vote of the council 
necessary for re-election as 
president and he passed from 
the centre of the farming stage. 

In spite of a consistently 
hectic schedule, be had always 
contrived Co continue forming 
actively. This was done, he 
revealed, “by telephone every 
morning and with mud on my 
boots at the weekend”. In his 
later years, be successfully 
formed 500 acres on tbe 
Cheshire plain. 

Though he was a keen 
follower of Rugby football, 
cricket and foxhunting in 
earlier years, pressure of work 
later reduced this to riding in 
Rotten Row, where he was a 
familiar figure in the early 

He was awarded tbe CBE in 
1958, knighted in 1954. and 
made a life peer in 1967. 

His first wife, Martha Jeffs, 
whom he married in 1926, 
died in 1936; and his second 
wife. Hazel Jones, whom he 
married the following year, 
died in 1975. There were four 
sons of the first marriage and 
two daughters of the second. 


Mr Michael Sacher, FRSA, 
FRFSL, whose life was spent 
in the service of Marks and 
Spencer where he was vice- 
chairman from 1972 to 1984, 
died on July 29. He was 68. 

Michael Moses Sacher was 
born in Manchester on Octo- 
ber 17, 1917, the eldest son of 
Harry Sacher, an influential 
journalist in his time and a 
leader writer on the Manches- 
ter Guardian, and Miriam 
Marks, a daughter of Michael 
Marks, one of the company’s 

In 1921.. the Sacher family 
went to live in Palestine, the 
father to practise as a barrister, 
the sons to learn Hebrew and 
to begin their formal educa- 
tion. A formative event for the 
right-year-old Michael at this 
time was attending the official 
opening of tbe Hebrew Uni- 
versity of Jerusalem. In later 
life be was to become one ofits 

Back in England in 1930. he 
continued his education at St 
Paul's School and New Col- 
lege, Oxford. He joined Marks 
and Spencer in 1938 and 
began his career at 

Tbe following year, with the 
outbreak of war, he joined the 
Army and was commissioned 

in the Royal Army Service 
Corps. He later recalled how 
be was immediately put in 
charge of a convoy of buses - 
“A compliment to my training 
in M&S food departments”. 

He saw active service in the 
Western Desert before gradu- 
ating from the Haifa staff 
college in 1943 with the rank 
of major. He was then at- 
tached as a liaison, officer to 
General. Leclerc’s headquar- 
ters m North Africa, and to the 
Allied Armies in Italy. 

But he was never tempted to 
make the Army bis career. 
“When you’re born into a 
business, you have to get 
confidence in yourself else- 
where. My army service gave 
me that”. 

Back in dvihan life, Skfcer 
resumed his career with the 
company and, in 1948, was 
made group merchandise 
manager, with personnel food 
departments and store opera- 
tions also under his control. 
His forte was administration, 
a role in which his incisive 
mind served him well. A 
steady rise through the com- 
pany hierarchy culminated 
with his appointment as vice- 
chajman in 1972, a post he 
held for 12 years. 

Sacher maintained a dose 
and active association with 
Israel He was a member of the 
executive and a governor of 
the Jewish Agency, dealing 
with the resettlement of immi- 
grants in IsraeL He was a 
governor of both the Weiz- 
mann Institute Foundation 
and the Reali School, Haifa, 
and a director of the Jewish 
National Fund Charitable 
Trust In these capacities, be 
travelled widely raising nion- 
ey and deriding bow it ought 
to be spent 

A man of quiet reserve, 
Sadler’s contribution to the 
company, perhaps less 
colourful than some. was. just 
as important His abiding 
pastime was philately and he 
had a fine collktion of Middle 
pastern, including Palestinian, 
issues, on which subject be 
had published several papers; 
He was a Fellow of the Royal 
Philatelic Society, London. 

A devoted family man; he 
married, in 1938, Audrey 
Glucksman, who predeceased 
him in 1984. -He married 
again, earlier this year, Janice 
Puddephatt who survives 
him together with, three sons 
and two daughters of his first 
marriage. * 

Royal College 
of Organists 

Associates hip 

D □ C Nathan tUmnus. Frederick 
Shinn . Durrani and Samuel Baker 

Prizes)-. PM Gooey (Sawyar aS 
Durrani prizes r: P a Barley (Lord St 
Audrteg prize), miss G symes 

i gowerO uriFatMTDurmH 

Derrett morn wookey prtzejT 


JJ D Recknell (Harding and Durrani 
DrtWS sX 

University news 


The university has announced 
the following personal promo- 
tions. to lake effect from Octo- 
ber I: 

Dr j A Davts to b rmurAip in ihr 
dnwruneai of tustory. Dr K w 
Godfrey to ■ reatferfMp la the 

draanment of e im t noertug; Dr w p 
Craai ip a readership in uv- deport- 
ment or politics. ™awn 

Latest wills 

Mr Hans Treftel of St John’s 
wood, London, left estate val- 
ued at £2, 183,954 net. 

Mr Mated Francois Henri 
V*4®L of Monaco, left estate in 
and Wale; valued ai 
£1462,389 net 

Mr Hetuy Cyril Thomas Dariey, 
of Maidstone, Kent, estate 
left estate valued at 
£608,739 net 

Mr Jeffery Arthur Daniels, of 
!t5P^"SP lL Loudon, director of 
the Geffreye Museum in Lon- 
don since 1969, left £122,997 

Mrs Marjorie Emily NewlandL 

Mr .Arthur Anthony John 
Palmer, of Bridpon, Dorset left 
estate valued at £1X37.421 net 

Fulbright awards 

The Fulbright Commission has 
announced the following awards 
for postgraduate study in the 
United States during 1986-87^ 

K L COotj (Uanclon? Rutgn# 


(Canton Mm I C, 


Harvard: P malum cchrurj 

M E JodM 

Ml IrtUgaw I 

<( sss£> 

I®?* TSmaremewrasoOS-UNJ 

Atoany: u • cmm, miMMwvn 


Woodhead Famine 

Commission’s recommenda- 
tions for increasing the food 
supply and improving the 
nutrition of the peoples of 
India, at a time of appalling 
hardship and famine. This 
task he discharged in a man- 
ner which was much admired. 

On his return to England he 
served from 1947 to 1948 as 
Divisional Food Officer for 
the North Midlands, at a 
period when home food sup- 
ply, too, was still greatly 
affected by the ravages of war. 

From 1948 to 1953 he was 
chairman of Rhodesia 

As a leader Bird was of the 

J ihilosophicai rather than the 
iery type. He led - and, at that, 
men of many races and creeds 
. hy persuasion, not coercion. 
His mental equipment was of 
the highest order, and contin- 
ued to function lucidly into 
extreme old age. 

Thus, in his nineties, bed- 
ridden after a hip-joim opera- 
tion, he was to be found sitting 
up. re-reading The Intelligent 
Woman !s Guide to Socialism, 
and engaging any callers in 
disciisssion as to whether 
anything had really changed 
under the economic heaven in 
half a century. 

He married, in 1919, Doro- 
thea Marian Nichols, MBE, 
(and later, a holder of the 
Kaisar-i-Hind Medal). She 
died in 1 982. One of their two 
sons was killed on active 
service in India in 1943. The 
other survives them. 

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Motor racing, according to 
ancient Hollywood foQtkre, 
rtmlw second only to politics 
as a device fcr sending so 
aodkacc to sleep. Channel 4*s 
new science .series Egaiaox 
beat tbs hex cog ria c i nfly n 
its (Ubut last nighL A dazzling 
script, intelligent 
work and some choice sefcc- 
tions from Aida made the story 
of Britain’s first tarbo-charged 
Formula One engine 
irresistibly ftsdnatug. 

FrOn tbe cacophony of .a 
Grand Krix we moved to tbe 
fahn of -Ford's workshop and 
discovered that, - while tbe 
Italians may have the entba- 
stana. it was the French who 
revotetiooized Fonnala.One a 
few. years a go by introdedng 
the fi rs t t n ibo-chaiged engine. 
“A distortioo of tbe regu- 
lations'*, sniffed the ma fipm 
Ford. Pansing briefly to point 
oot that the dastardly French 
alas , made the rales they had 
permitted themselves to break, 
the film concentrated on the 
British - response to the 

rh-allny . 

. The programme gallantly 
avoided the jingoistic tone 
which is customary ha these 
book tales and Instead air 
lowed itself to be hypnotized 
by the process of first 
c o n st r u cting an «*n g»iH» «nrf 
then testing it to explore the 
critical arealnwhidi It woold 
produce maximam power 

. There were nifty 
to explain the principle of 
turbo-charging and then it was 
down to the hnts and bolto — 
hwmamiate. morsds of pre- 
cMon-made ntetal annointed 
with- oil of a virginal, trans- 
lucent gold. After a short sped 
of testing, six engines made to 
the first design -that Ford 
adopted were reduced to use- 
less balks whose innards had 
burned out in shards of - Une 
steeL An engineer with a fibre- 
optic probe began the diagnos- 
tic process, and the. oripaal 
design was scrapped. - 

Equinox is a new weekly 
series which win offer a direct 
rhalteny to BBC2*S Horizfltu 
American co-prodnctlon 
money has . been both the 
Messing and the cane of tint 
unfailing ly impressive . pro- 
gramme, which has acquired a 
ponderous authority dining its 
years of monopoly. Equinox 
will present programmes made 
by an assembly of in de p en d en t 
companies .and coordinated 
by the writer/prodacer of this 
opening film, Patrick Uiea. It 
has a decided Has towards 
applied seieneft and te chno! 
ogy and its style promises to be 
hard-edged and noah mporsry. 
Perhaps the tnrim-revoMto 
in raring is an apt metaphor 
for this series' inception. 

Celia Brayfield 

Dance: John Percival reviews a triumphant Bolshoi revival 

Shostakovich’s smash-hit 

The Golden Age 
Co vent Garden 

First and foremost, it has to be 
said that Shostakovich's mu- 
sic for The Golden Age is 
marvellously light, bright and 
entertaining. . Unknown until 
now in London except for 
short extracts, it proves to be 
full of good tunes, coIourfuDy 
arranged, that never lose in- 
. terest throughout the ballet’s 
three acts. It would make tbe 
basis of a thunderingly good 
musical, and I say that with-' 
out denigrating its quality as a 
ballet score, better than any 
other of comparable length to 
come from Soviet Russia ex- 
cept — in a very different style 
— Prokofiev’s Cinderella. 

Written m 1930, it is en- 
tirety of its period but with an 
enduring spirit and indiv- 
iduality. There are quite a few 
allusions to western music of 
the Roaring Twenties, from 
the use of a deliciously dec- 
adent soprano saxophone to 
tbe set of variations on “Tea 

Burly body, wild hair, 
savage frown: tbe eccentric 
but prodigious talent of Irek 
Mukhamedov, with Natalya 

for Two" which open the the occasional poetically evoc- 
second act The reason this ative nimbus. With a mini- 
score has remained in ob- mum of change these put the 
scurity is that h was written to action firmly in a street by the 
a libretto which won a literary . port, the main room or back- 
competition but proved both stage at the night-club, or 

silly and ideologically un- 
sound once the ballet was 
staged. Employing no fewer 
than four choreographers for 
the original production may 
have helped spoO the broth, 

The Bolshoi Ballet's Yuri 
Grigorovich, taking up the 
score half a century after the 
ballet’s ignominious flop, has 
abandoned the original story 
about Russian footballers at a 
western trade feir in favour of 
his own plot, involving virtu- 
ous sailors who double as agit- 
prop street entertainers, and 
how they frustrate the knavish 
tricks of a decadent night-dub 
hoodlum with a thriving trade 
in robbery on the side. It is, I 
suspect, no more sound ideo- 
logically than the first version, 
and not much less silly either, 
but the ballet has other merits. 

Chief among these are the 
designs by Simon Viisaladze 
— not so much the costumes 
(although the hats and dose- 
cropped wigs are fun) as the 
settings, pure 1920s style with 
tbeir triangular patterns, re- 
lieved by painted slogans and 

various sinister spots in 

Let me not bother you with 
details of the plot, since I am 
pretty sure that Grigorovich 
himself does not take it very 
seriously, otherwise he would 
hardly have this capitalist 
audience in its £40 seats 
applauding the triumph of the 
workers. It is really just an 
excuse for the dancing, and 
with Grigorovich that auto- 
matically means male dancing 
(only B£jart and MacMillan, 
the two western choreog- 
raphers most like him in many 
respects, can march his male 
chau vinism). 

True, there is a host of tango 
girls at the night-dub. and a 
squad of womenfolk to gaze 
admiringly at the brave fisher- 
men; there is even a not very 
plausible love-story (for which 
Grigorovich borrows slow 
movements from the two 
piano concertos) involving a 
pure young girl (Natalya 
Bessmertnova) rescued from a 
tawdry life, and a bad girl who 
dies to save her. But wbat 
brings the cheers is the sight of 

the bandit gang, interrupted in 
its dirty work, chased across 
the stage by streams of dean- 
living sailors in full flight, with 
virtuous young Boris at their 
head. Especially when Boris is 
played, as he was on Wednes- 
day. by Irek Mukhamedov. 

Even more than as Ivan the 
Terrible, he displays here an 
eccentric but prodigious tal- 
ent. 1 read that he plays sweet 
romantic heroes too, but find 
it bard to imagine this great 
burly body, this wild hair and 
savage frown, in such parts. 
He seems born for fierce 
heroism and feats of virtuos- 
ity. Perhaps there are names 
for some of the steps be 
performs in The Golden Age ; 
but many of them seem new- 
minted: there are amazing acts 
of daring as he twists himself 
into fantastic new shapes 
while hurtling through the air. 

Obviously the rest of the 
cast is not going to match this 
standard, but there is vig- 
orous, high-soaring power on 
display from quite a few of the 
young men who follow their 
leader through the manoeu- 
vres of the big chase and the 
celebratory last scene. Among 
the women. Tatyana Goli- 
kova’s pert flair and flamboy- 
ant manner as tbe villain's 
naughty girlfriend are notable. 

Promenade Concert 

Albert Hali/Radio 3 

formed — 

This is the Proms season that 
gives Bruckner precedence 
over Beethoven, Mozart, even 
Mahler. live of his. massive 
ies are being per- 
more than oy any 
other composer — and each is 
being conducted by a Bruck- 
nerian of proven solidity. 

What this implies I cannot 
say; it is certainly unlikely that 
in the late 20th century we are 
becoming more like Bruckner 
himsdfi trusting, religious and 
contemplative. But it is 
strange that, forafl the frenetic 
pace of our modem - urban 
existence, we seem-, much 
more prepared to sit (or stand) 
for long periods in apprecia- 
tion of Bruckner's tanker-like 
musical processes than were 
the composer’s Viennese con- . 
te m po rari es, who impatiently 
chopped and rewrote the sym- 
phonies whenever they were 
l^^odtwhich was rarely. - 

This performance of the 
Fourth Symphony seemed 
most assured in the outer 
movements. Sir John Prit- 

chard's experience was ev- 
ident in the slight quickening 
of the lyrical string passages, 
.the manner in. which -the 
dance-like nature of the first 
movement's second subject 
was . pointed up, .and the 
disarmed drawing-out of the 
crescendo8,.especially the last, 
majestic one. His interpreta- 
tion had few quirks: a big 
introduced at the up- 
rthe finale’s first dimax 
was one rare luxury. Indeed 
the only disappointing fea- 
tures were the horn playing — 
at times an ugly, obtrusive 
sound when the players 
should have been striving fora 
glowing richness. — and the 
splashy, uncoordinated arti- 
culation of the big unisons. 

Pritchard’s handling of the 
middle movements, however, 
seemed a mod deal sleepier. 
Little of Bruckner’s “quasi 
allegretto” marking was 
noticeable about his some- 
tunes rather flaccid drift 
die slow movement, 
the mellow, misty 
quality which the BBC Sym- 
ly Orchestra’s weQ-en- 
tower suing sections 
brought to their respective 
melodies was admirable. The 
“hunt** scherzo, loo, was sim- 
ply too painstaking. One won- 

dered what was being hunted 
— a thimble, perhaps. The 
trouble with a wild movement 
like this is that, the more the 
exact letter of the seme is 
observed, the more elusive its 
spi rit proves. 

Little of the spirit of Elgar’s 
Violin Concerto escapes Ida 
Haendel these days: hers is a 
wonderfully rounded, natural 
performance, as happy push- 
ing impulsively through tbe 
as musing 
over -the “wind- 
flower” themes, often adding 
some choice, (and entirely 
idiomatic) portamentL Only 
one somewhat ripe upward 
slither in the Andante seemed 
miscalculated or, rather, too 

She also displayed a broad 
range of timbre, particularly 
when characterizing the. ca- 
denza’s fleeting reminis- 
cences. At times -.a tension 
developed between her subtle, 
lithe touches of rubato and 
Pritchard’s more, broadly 
shaped accompaniment The 
brass were surety too widely 
spaced for such an intricately- 
woven piece. whatever prob- 
lems of balance there might 
have been. ^ 

Richard Morrison 


The Petition 


“In a way, the Bomb is tbe 
only thing worth writing 
about”, declares Brian Clark 
in the programme. This 
thought has occurred to other 
playwrights over the past few 
years, and their attempts to do 
justice' to it have invariably 
ended with a whimper. 

The danger lies in overt 
proselytizing, in staking out 
crude ideological polarities 
and hoping that some kind of 
dramatic current will be gen- 
erated between them by virtue 
of the audience's necessary 
concern. The present play 
opens with just such a schism, 
decorates it for an hour or so 
with predictable metaphors, 
and then manages by the skin 
of its teeth to create something 

The curtain rises on two 
newspapers. The Times and 
The Guardian: the former 
conceals Sir Edmund Milne, a 
half-pay general aged 80; the 
latter his appreciably younger 
wife. Lady Elizabeth. Behind 
him stand wood -pa n elli n g, a 
wall-clock, a. regimental 
photograph and a portrait of 
his field-marshal father; be- 
hind her, soft furnishings, a 
curtain-rail, a water-colour. 
Upstage, the two backdrops 
shear off on the diagonal; as 

Zo* Dominie 

Ironic foil to speechless shock: Rosemary Harris and John Adis 

Cinema: Geoff Brown on new releases and a refurbished golden oldie 

Feature debut of amazing grace and poise 

Desert Hearts (18) 
Screen on the Hill; 
Electric Screen 

King Kong (PG) 
Cannon Premiere 

Purple Haze (18) 

Cannons Tottenham 
Court Road, Baker Street 

Maxie (PG) 

Cannons Royal, Piccadilly 

Desert Hearts, an excellent, ada, 
tion of Jane Rule's novel Desert of the 
Heart , opens and' doses at tbe Reno 
train station m 1 959. The first frames 
show Vivian Bell — a severely-- 
dressed, tight-lipped professor of- 
English literature from New York — 
stepping on tbe platform carrying a 
suitcase and years of emotional 
repression. “I want to be free of who 
I've been” she tells her divorce 
lawyer. But her stay at tbe dude ranch 
for would-be divorcees prompts a 
radical reassessment of her capabili- 
ties. She becomes drawn to the ranch- 
owner's surrogate daughter Cay, a 
lesbian employed at one of the 
casinos. Wanned by Cay's love, the 
ice in Vivian thaws: in a town famous . 
for gambling, she conquers her confu- 
sion and gambles on a new 

Desert Hearts masks the auspicious 
feature debut of the director Donna 
Deitch, whose background lies in 
documentaries, photography and 
editing. These last skills helped 
particularly to give her film - shot in 
a month, entirety on location — its 
amazing grace and poire. Scenes are 
edited together with majestic wipes or 
fades, to black, suggesting the slow 
passage of hours crucial to tbe story's 
unfolding. The bizarre Reno milieu is 
gauged with equal precision, from the 
scrub-bound ranch, to the jangling, 
gaudy casinos and the marriage- 
parlour where the officiant refers to 
God as ”the gentleman upstairs” . 
Period pop music! so often used 
simply as a marketing device, is 
subtly positioned for counterpoint 
and commentary; 

Deitch holds her players m a secure 
grip, despite limited experience with 
performers. Helen Shaver's angular 
face proves a perfect vessel for 
Vivian's intense emotional turmoil; 
while Patricia Charbonneau. from the • 

tight-tipped professor (Helen Shaver, left) with gay Cay 
(Patricia Charbonnean) in Desert Hearts 


New York stage, manages the 
conflicting sides of Gtys personality 

— robustness, tenderness, generosity, 
fear — with remarkable agility. Fu- 
elled by vibrant performances and an 
expert script that articulates feelings 
without ascending into wordy douds, 
Desert Hearn rises for above such 
pigeon-hole categories as the nostal- 
gic period drama or-tbe lesbian love- 
story. Batch’s film is a passionate, 
beautifully controlled drama about 
making choices, and .exerqisuHg ihe 
heart: in a word, about living. 

- This is-the week for time-travelling. 
Desert Hearts aside, Purple Hose 
plunges us into the bubbling crucible 
of 1968. while in Maxie a Twenties 
flapper trifled in her. prime returns, 
with her slang and insouciance, to 
haunt- the couple living in her old 
apartment Both films, however, 
crumble into dust beside the original 
King Kong, revived in a new print 
strode from the original negative. In 
the years since 1933 dnemas have 
been deluged with outsize beasts and 
prehistoric survivors up to no good 
with capital dries and leading ladies. 
But no other monster has gone on the 
rapipage with quite Kong's character 
and ferocity: no one has become such 
an icon, celebrated in T-shirts, paper- 
weights, costumes for hire and all the 
paraphernalia of popular culture. 
King Kong stands alone, too, in 
taming the forces of myth and fairy- 
tale. For this — as the film producer 

portrayed by Robert Armstrong ob- 
serves more than once - is essentially 
the story of Beauty and the Beast, 
where Beauty is an actress plucked 
from the streets to star in a for-flung 
adventure and the Beast is her huge, 
hirsute leading man. discovered on 

Kong, of course, often surfaces on 
television. But the small screen can 
only hint at the eerie visual at- 
mosphere achieved by Willis 
O'Brien's special effects team. True, 
the present print’s darby spotlights 
the back-projected footage, the ape's 
mechanical movements and paws of 
various sizes. But look at the gain in 
detail: the sly. twinkling eyes: the fur 
flickering strangely, like a cornfield; 
the jungle landscape of trees and vine, 
stretching away with tbe 'profusion 
and depth of a Gustave Dore engrav- 
ing And, as with all films designed to 
tease and scare, King Kong needs a 
large, captive audience to work its full' 

Kong , in fact, teases a good deat 
almost 40 minutes are spent prepar- 
ing the ground as Armstrong’s crew 
and his co-opted heroine (the scream- 
ing Fay Wray) sail to their uncharted 
island. In these earty scenes the film 
reveals its historical roots. The 
Armstrong character comes across 
like a blunt comic caricature of the 
film's directing team. Merian C. 
Cooper and Ernest B. Schoedsack. 
intrepid photographers of exotica like 

Chang or Gow, the Head Hunter. The 
' heroine is another period figure: a 
victim of the Depression, introduced 
stealing an apple. Tbe whole film, 
indeed, is an escapist stunt much like 
Armstrong's exhibition of Kong in a 
Broadway theatre, showering its audi- 
ence wife pioneering shocks and 

Purple Haze, shot in 1981 by the 
Canadian tausband-and-wife team of 
David Burton Morris (director) and 
Victoria Wozniak (writer), spins its 
tale of perplexed, bitter youth with 
textbook correctness and docility. 
Expelled from Princeton in 1968 for 
the wrong land of smoking, scholar- 
ship boy Matt returns home to a 
Victorian melodrama. “You look like 
a god-damned gbi — When are you 
gomg to wise up?” the heavy father 
barks. Matt embarks on a hippie 
spree with a chem icaljy -dependent 
high-school chum, but wises up 
slightly when the Draft Board looms. 

Emotion recollected in tranquillity 
can bring dividends, as Wordsworth 
proved, but there is little sign of 
mature insight here. By relying so 
much on tbe youth revolution’s 
surface trappings, the Morrises render 
their heroes persistently unsym- 
pathetic; only during the scenes 
showing draftees waiting to be 
whisked off by coach to the hell of 
Vietnam does the film achieve a 
simple eloquence. Possibly some 
personal ghosts were exorcized by the 
film-makers in private - the material 
is supposedly semi-autobiographical 
— but the struggle is never apparent 
on screen. Tbe unexciting cast was 
drawn from actors in the Minneapo- 
lis - St Paul area, where the film was 

Maxie is a curiosity: a whimsical 
supernatural comedy, vaguely aimed 
at audiences that no longer go to tbe 
cinema. The source material is a 
novel by Jack Finney, the man 
behind the 1955 sdence-ficfion clas- 
sic Invasion of the Body . Snatchers. 
Body-snatching seems a Finney ob- 
session. for Maxie. the wfld Twenties 
flapper, returns from the dead to 
inhabit the sober body of Jan, 
secretary to a Catholic bishop. Tbe 
expected happens: Maxie goes on the 
town and perks up the love-life of 
Jan's husband. Then the unexpected 
happens: Maxie engineer her life's 
ambition — a fat movie part — by 
snaring the role of Cleopatra. That 
Hollywood could countenance a 
Cleopatra after the 1963 debacle is 
but one of countless wrong notes 
struck by this gauche production, 
indifferently directed by Paul Aaron 
(from television). Glenn Gose and 
Mandy Patinkin. the leading players, 
deserve so much better. 

though there could never be 
any communication between 
the two worlds. 

Communication (and plot) 
arrives when Edmund discov- 
ers a full-page declaration in 
The Times abhorring the 
possibility that Britain’s nu- 
clear weaponry could ever be 
used as a “first strike” The 
signatories are “reds, queers, 
out-of-work thespians”, and 
Lady Elizabeth Milne. Ed- 
mund's sense of betrayal rap- 
idly fuels a debate on tbe issue, 
and exposition floods the 
stage: die has secretly been 
voting Labour since 1945, But 
rather thinks that life is more 
important than politics; he 
thinks the Bomb has been 
jolly successful at preventing 
conventional war. 

The threat of nuclear im- 
molation is no laughing mat- 
ter, and neither is this play, 
although it must be said that 
National audiences seem 
increasingly to be following 
their counterparts on the 
north bank in lapping up 
flaccid jokes. Mr Clark's 
intention is obviously to de- 

flect the suspicion that he is 
using Elizabeth as a mouth- 
piece for his own ideas (which 
are, unfortunately, as run-of- 
the-mill in conception and 
utterance as Edmund's) by 
charming us with a portrait of 
a 50-year marriage fraught 
with simmering antagonisms 
and, therefore, a species of war 
in itself 

It might have helped his 
scheme if he had refrained 
from spelling out this connec- 
tion in the dialogue — again, 
the characters are being for too 
helpful in thus setting out 
their stalls (to quote the 
football commentators) — but 
it does at least soften us up for 
the sucker-punch right before 
the interval, when Elizabeth 
reveals that she has known for 
the past nine months that she 
had only-a year to live. 

This is where Sir John Mills, 
who hitherto has been dap- 
pering about like a very 
superior floor-walker, begins 
to show off some technique in 
a- slow-motion retreat of 
speechless shock that seems to 
last a good minute of refresh- 

ing silence. It is also where Mr 
Clark (author of Whose Life is 
it Anyway?) begins to worm 
further inside the relationship 
with an examination of dif- 
ferent kinds of betrayal, and 
the Bomb assumes a well- 
deserved back seat. 

Sir Peter Hall’s production 
keeps the caravan moving 
forward through tbe cross- 
winds of speech-making, al- 
though the players' hand 
movements are excessive and 
at times puppet-like: so much 
emphasis for so little content 
Rosemary Harris makes ade- 
quate use of her fluting voice 
to suggest the pointedly ironic 
foil that Elizabeth has become. 
As for Sir John, it is hearten- 
ing for anyone who has spent 
some of the more significant 
moments of childhood watch- 
ing him up to his neck in muck 
and bullets to see him now in 
civvies, bracing his shoulders 
as though against the ghost of 
a squaddie's pack or rehears- 
ing a dignified slow march 
across the living-room carpet 

Martin Cropper 

F U R 

3-1 v s y n 3 

, 3 IV 5 : y n 3 




* * * * * *_?L 

Air plot 
to free 

By David Sapsted 

Tight security was in force 
at Norwich prison last night 
after the discovery of an 
escape plot to airlift three 
Israelis being held on a £5 mil- 
lion drug smuggling charge. 

But while security was being 
stepped up inside the prison, 
four other inmates cut their 
way to freedom from an 
adjoining low-security wing. 

United Slates Federal Bu- 
reau of Investigation (FBI) 
authorities warned the Home 
Office on Wednesday of a plot 
to land a helicopter in the yard 
of the medium-security prison 
and free the Israelis, held on 
charges of planning to import 
two tons of hashish. 

Another Israeli, Abraham 
Abronovich. aged 31, had 
earlier been arrested by the 
FBI in Philadelphia for alleg- 
edly attempting to recruit a 
US helicopter pilot to come to 
Britain to fly out the prisoners. 

Mr Andrew Barclay, the 
Norwich prison governor, in- 
troduced what the Home Of- 
fice described as “certain 
precautions" aimed at foiling 
any escape attempt. 

But early yesterday, the four 
other prisoners were found to 
have broken out of their 
dormitory in the night and 
stolen wire cutters from a 
prison workshop. They then 
cut through the inner and 
outer perimeter fences and 
escaped unnoticed. 

David John Glynn, aged 31, 
serving nine months for theft 
and assault, Thomas Ashley 
Cooper, aged 24, serving nine 
months for handling stolen 
goods, and Kenneth St Clair, 
aged 30. serving 39 months for 
burglary, were recaptured late 
yesterday in a field dose to 
Norwich police station. 

Anthony Shilling, aged 23, 
who had served five weeks ofa 
two-year term, with one year 
suspended, for handling stolen 
goods, was still at large. None 
of the men was regarded as 

In Philadelphia, the US 
District Attorney's office said 
that Abronovich had allegedly 
offered £35,000 to a pilot at 
Philadelphia's North East Air- 
port, who alerted the FBL 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
The Queen, accompanied by 
The Duke of Edinburgh, attends 
a Luncheon given by the Edin- 
burgh Chamber of Commerce 
and Manufacturers in their bi- 
centenary year. The Sheri ion 
Hotel. Edinburgh, 12.10. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. 
‘President of the International 
Association of Lighthouse 
Authorities, visits the head- 
quarters of the Northern Light- 
house Board. George St. 
Edinburgh. 6.30. 

The Prince of Wales, Presi- 
dent Scottish Business in the 
Community, visits “Bathgate 
Area Support Enterprise,” 19 
North Bridge St Bathgate, West 
Lothian. 10.30. 

The Princess of Wales, Colo- 
nel-in-Chief, the Royal Hamp- 

From left to right: Chanel's New Look short strapless dress; Balmain s batwing drape reveals the naked nape; Dior's phones matching feather 

embroidery; below Nina Rkcfs satin drape. Photographs by Harry Kerr. 

Labour charges Kilroy-Silk 
with ietting down his side’ 

By Sheila Gunn, Political Staff 

Labour MPs yesterday ac- 
cused Mr Robert Kilroy-Silk 
of “letting his own side down” 
by his claim that be is resign- 
ing as Labour MP for 
Knowsley North because of 
the Militant Tendency. 

There was also dismay that 
publication of his book Hard 
Labour — the Political Diary 
of Mr Robert Kilroy-Silk, 
describing his three-year battle 
with the Militants, will co- 
incide with the start of the 
Labour Party annual con- 
ference on September 29. 

Mr Kilroy-Silk, the party's 
former home affairs spokes- 
man. had. in effect, won bis re- 
selection fight when his main 
rival. Mr Tony Mulheam, was 
ousted from the Labour Party 
because of his support for 

But an investigation is 
planned into alleged irregular- 

ities in the general manage- 
ment committee. 

Party managers held urgent 
meetings yesterday to ctaade 
how to fight the aut umn by- 

elecrion for the Merseyside 

The Conservatives were 
quick to announce that Mr 
Roger Brown, aged 35, a 
barrister from Bury, Lan- 
cashire, will be tbeir 
candidat e. 

The Liberals, who have yet 
to pick the Alliance candidate, 
are obviously optimistic about 
benefitting from Labour’s 
misfortunes. * 

Mr Neil Kitmock, the La- 
bour leader, said it was rub- 
bish for Mr Kilroy-Silk to 
claim that his resignation was 
due to his long battle with 
Militants in his constituency. 

Mr Eddie Loyden, Labour 
MP for Liverpool Garston, 

said: “Mr Kilroy-Silk has 
maligned the Labour Party in 
Liverpool and accused them 
of outrageous things. It is 
obvious to me that he is 
moving on to better things." 

Mr Martin Flannery, La- 
bour MP for Sheffield 
Hillsborough, said: “Mr 
Kilroy-Silk had been more 
dragged towards a fat job in 
the BBC than kicked out by 

“It is a shock becanse he has 
not really considered the 
party. He has considered 
himself”. Mr Kilroy-Silk, wfao 
once said be wanted to be 
Prime Minister, replied that 
the BBC job offer was a 

1983 General Election result; 
Kilroy-Silk, R (Lab) 24.949; 
. Birch, A (Q 7.758; McColgan. B 
(SDP/All) 5.7 IS; Simons, J 
(WRP) 246. Lab Ma): 17.191. 

Dynasty look gets 
the cold shoulder 

By Snzy Menkes, Fashion Editor 

Paris fashion has come up 
with a New Look — and not 
just the full can-can skirts that 
Chanel sent whirling down the 

Designers are changing the 
fashionable silhouette by giv- 
ing the Dynasty look the cold 
shoulder. The strapless bod- 
ice, the boat neck and the off- 
the- shoulder gown are potting 
the focus on the naked nape. 
And as the giant shoulder pads 
shrink bad; to normal, the 
emphasis is oo the bared back, 
the shapely bodice or a swirl of 
a skat. 

.The luxury and opulence 
that have marked the recent 
renaissance of haute couture 
are abo declining along with 
the petrodollar. Instead of the 
encrustations of embroidery, 
there is the rustle of 
featheriigfat taffeta or a drape 
of duchess «tin. The latest 
line feathers are just that: cock 

feathers dyed extraordinary 

Hemlines come short or 
long, with Ungaro's coats 
sweeping the ground and 
Charters knee- high skirts 
puffed out over layers of 
petticoat to look like mini 
crinolines. The influential 
Golden Thimble Award for the 
best couture collection was 
won yesterday by Karl 

The newest name in Paris is 
35-yearoId Christian Lacroix, 
who is doing for die old- 
established bouse of Jean 
Patou, what Karl Lagerfeld 
has done for ChaneL Lacroix 
brought back the narrow- 
shouldered Jackie Kennedy 
coat, the high-wasted baby 
doll dress and the trapeze Hue 
skirt. And that new triangle 
silhouette turns the wide- 
sbonldered Dynasty look on 
its head. 

A million 
‘seized for 
sex trade’ 

From Tony Samstag 

One million young children, 
aged 3 or more, arc kid- 
napped, sold or otherwise 
forced onto the international 
sex market the Norwegian 
Government said yesterday. 

The Ministry - of Justice was 

launching a campaign against 
the global traffic in child 
pornography and prostitution, 
which it said was worth an 
estimated S2 billion (£1.3 
billion) annually in the United 
States alone. 

It identified neighbouring 
Denmark as one of the Euro- 
pean centres through which 
the children were funnelled on 
route to North America or 
some of the Arab countries. 

West Germany and The 
Netherlands were also in- 
volved in the trade, a spokes- 
man said. 

Most of the children are 
drawn from the Third World, 
with TTiailand. Indo-China 
and the Philippines among the ■/ 
more prominent sources, ac- *> 
cording to the Norwegians. 

But the statistics can fluc- 
tuate wildly. 

Mass pickets 
at Wapping 

Continued from page 1 

demonstrators outside the 
Wapping plant were organized 
by the unions. “I find it hard 
to believe that day after day, 
for six months, 50 to 200 print 
workers and some of their 
families assembled sponta- 
neously from all over London 
and may be further afield, at 
their own expense, to signify 
by tbeir presence the depth of 
their feelings.” 

Mr Justice Sluart-Smith 
said he had no doubt that 
some at least of the defendants 
believed they and other union 
members had been outwitted 
and even duped by the com- 
pany over the move to 

The NGA said last night it 
was consulting its legal advis- 
ers about the implications of 
the judgement and would be 
issuing a full statement later. 


shire Regiment presents new 
Colours to the 1st Battalion, 
Tidworth. Hampshire. 10.25. 

Princess Anne opens the 
2,500th Sheltered House built 
by the Bidd Housing Associ- 
ation. Bannockburn. Stirling- 
shire, 9 JO; and. opens the 
second phase of the devdop- 
jnent at John Player Building, 
Stirling Enterprise Park, 10125; 
visits the Guildry of Stirling and 
is admitted an Honorary Guild 
Brother, The Guildhall, Edin- 
burgh. 11.20. 

Princess Margaret President 
of the Friends of the Elderly, 
visits their home at The Old 
Vicarage, Moulsford, near 
Wallingford. Oxfordshire. 3.45. 

New exhibitions 

Lake Artists Society Annual 
Exhibition. New HaD. Gras- 
mere; Mon to Sal 10 to 5.30, Sun 
2 to 5 (ends Sept 1 1) . 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,113 

This puzzle tms solved within 30 minutes by 36 percent of the 
civnpetiton at the London .4 regional final of the 1986 Coliins Dic- 
tionaries Times Crossword Championship. 












1 Unqualified to vote? (5). 

4 Hebrew Queen's regalia? (9J- 

9 Old Breton uncovered in 
Camorra after exchange of 
letters (9). 

10 Russian agreement revoked 
in summer (5). 

11 After tea. it's said, conspir- 
ator returned with the add 
( 6 ). 

12 Another place for MPs (3.5). 

14 Siamese love to move up in 

doss (10). 

16 Pole gets kick from bet (4). 

19 A pure white girl (4). 

20 Director responsible for new 
departures (I Ok 

22 Preparation for examination 

• — of eyesight? (8). 

23 Girl from America working 
out East (6). 

26 Dose relation's contribution 
to a failure (5). 

2? Feeling of dation about 
opening of Bristol plant (9). 

28 Robin embarrassed Tom's 
friend on train (9). 

29 Lowest point in waterway 


1 Such a joke, this exam! (9). 

2 Take courage from 
Ham mars kjold? (5). 

3 Bird at breakfast table? (8). 

4 He can cause accidents with 
knife (4). 

5 One city's triumph over an- 
other (I OX 

6 Is Belial’s reform likdy? (6). 

7 Operatic princess told to 
avoid sea-bird (5.4). 

8 Positive response, capturing 
pawn with rook in the battle 

13 No talking during this musi- 
cal (5.5). 

15 Evil steed battered on box 

17 Scold silver worker by name 

18 Whipping out a pistol and 
getting run in (5-3). 

21 He takes interest in currency 
deals (6). 

22 Yardstick for a sovereign 

24 Nag nominated by Kipling 
for the Horse .Artillery? (5). 

25 A quarrel blows up (4). 

Solution to Fuade No 17,112 


Concise crossword page 10 

Annual summer exhibition of 
crafts. Bishop's Palace. Wells; 
Mon to Sax ] 1 to 6, Sun 2 to 6 
The Wally Close: photographs 
Hugh Carroll; Etchings by 
Iona Dick, MadLaurin Art 
Gallery. RozeBe Park, Ayr, Mon 
to Sat 1 1 to 5, Sun 2 to 5 (ends 
Aug 31) 


King's Lynn Festival: Recital 
by the Tak&cs String Quartet. 
All Saints' Church. King's Lynn, 
1 1.30; Chamber Concert by the 
Nash Ensemble, St Nicholas’ 
Chapel, King's Lynn, 8. 

Recital by the Exon Singers 
and Andrew L ums de n (organ), 
Exeter Cathedral, 7.30. 

1 Aberdeen International 
Youth Festival: Concert by the 
San Diego Youth Symphony 
Orchestra, Music Hall. Union 
St, Aberdeen, 730: Concert by 
Hamiahlidarkorinn; Mitchell 
HaO, Marischal College, Aber- 
deen, 7 JO. 

Concert by Pfailomusica of 
Edinburgh, York Minster, "8. ’ 
Talks and lectures 

David Hume, by Prof Peter 
Jones, Royal Society of Edin- 
burgh, 22-24 George St, 5. 

What the Stars Reveal about 
“Chaucer's Canterbury Tales”, 
by Mari jane Osborne; The Or- 
chard Suite. The County Hotel, 
High St. Canterbury, 530. 

Book Fair. Winter Gardens. 
Hkley: today 2 to 8. tomorrow 
10 to 5. 

Life Below Stairs: servant life 
in the Victorian days, period 
costume provided, for 8 to *12 
year olds; The Commandery, 
Sid bury, 1030. 


Contraflow a function 

Ht Mb 

11 Jpunstabte* 

. It. Diversion# te 

dor d St s t frretion o< Gaoqg St Pdaya 

at junction of Ettham Ad and KUmon 

Park Maws o n A20 Skicup Rd . 

MdMRdK MS Contraflow between 

•L &X3 ^ rt ^“£ LA 

DTOrtwjcnf. two - way mac m oacn 
dvecoon. Ifl: Contraflow on Ml nonhand 

south O* junction 20 (Lunurwonn t long 

delays. A34e Delays In High St Hanteym 
Arden, betw een Birmingham and Si* 
ford on Avon; single - bn traffic: 

Wales and WnC MSc Co ntr aflo w 

between Junctions 9 (Tewkesbury) end 10 

(Cheltenham). A30e One tan# dosed in 
aach direction at Bodm in bypass. Corn- 

wall. M6& Traffic restrictions b etween 
Nsatfi and Ohm NMh. Wa« CSamorgan. 

Norte Mn Avoid Barton Bndge. 
between Junctors 2 and 3. A1: RapareN 
at Testos roundabout Tyne and wear. 
MS; Stegte-flne traffic at Tiverton. S of 

Scotland: Commonwealth Game# 

Marathon Hcsly to cause congestion 

around Meadow Bank Stacfean, Edn* 

burgh. 1 lam to 3pm. M/AT4: Gmraflow N 

at Lesmaftagow, N and S at Dougin, nr 
G lasg ow. A7X Sngle Rne traffic at 
Thrwwe Bndge, w ofCasde Doughs. 

The pound 

Austria Sob 
Belgian Ft 
C anada S 
Denmark Kr 
Finland Wde 
Franca Fr 
Greece Dr 
Ireland Pt 
Japan Tan 
Norway lb 
Portugal Eac 
South Africa Rd 
Spain Pla 
Sweden xr 
Switzerland Fr 

Yugoslavia Dw 

Hates fw «nal denommatai bank notes 
erty as supplied by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Different rains appty ro travellers' 
cheques and other foreign currency 

Rettfl Men IndaE 3&5A 

London: The FTlndex dosed 83 down 
at 1272.0. 























11 JtS 


























Food prices 

• For various reasons the En- 
glish summer vegetable season 
is rather imw than natal Broad 
beans at 30p-40p a pound and 
French beans at 50p-60p are of 
variable quality. Runner beans 
are tempting but still expensive 
at 80p-£l a pound, but peas are 
generally good value at 35] 
Courgettes are pie 
excellent at 25p-35p a pound 
and good salad buys include 
cucumbers at 35p45p each, 
crisp and delicious iceberg let- 
tuces at 40p-60p each and 
Webbs 25p-30p, and tomatoes 
35p-45p a pound. Watercress, a 
versatile ingredient for soups 
and salads, is 25p-35p a bunch. 

Raspberries must be the ob- 
vious fruit buy at this time of 
year at 25p-35p a quarter pound, 
and they keep well in the freezer. 
St ra wber ri e s are coming to an 
end and are up in price az 60p- 
7 Op a half pound. Other lovely 
summer fruit are Mediterranean 
nectarines and peaches at 10p* 
30p each, depending on size, 
and in some shops kilogramme 
punnets sell for as little as £!- 
Imported plums are generally 
disappointing, however. 

Supplies of fish are reason- 
able, with large cod around 
£1.75 a pound, haddock £1.77. 
whiting £1.40, and plaice £1.85. 
Best buys include coley at about 
9!p a pound, fresh herring at 
86p and fresh mackerel 63p. For 
a special treat Marks & Spencer 
are offering two salmon steaks, 
reduced from £5.50 to £4.99. 

Generally, meat prices show 
almost no changes at aft. but 
Sainsbory’s have whole leg of 
English lamb at £1.48 a pound, 
whole shoulder at 78p and best 
end neck chops al£1.78. In Asda 
whole kg is cheaper still at £ 1 39 
a pound. Pork chops, excellent 
for barbecues, are £1 36 a pound 
in Dewfaurst and Baxters, and 
pork leg fillet end is down to 

Top Films 

The top box-office Bros in Lon- 

1(1 Hannah and her Sisters 
2 ( - The Karate Kid part II 
3(3 The Color Purple 
4 ( - Sid and Nancy 
5(2) Police Academy Ilk Back te 

4) A Room with a View 
6) 9* Weeks 


10(10) Out of Africa 

The too finis ln|he p r ovince s: 

1 Pokes Academy Ilk Back in 

2 Ptnocoo 

3 ET 

4 The Color Purple 

5 Down and out in Beverly Hills 

Supptod Dy Sown waraaonaf 

Top video rentals 

1 <1 ) The Goooles 
2(3) WOWSdanco 
3(2) Cocoon 
4(4) Tron 
5(6) Lddyhawke 
6(23) Legend of BiEe Jean 
7(5) Mad Max: Beyond Thunder- 

8(7) The Emerald Forest 
9 9 Witness 
10(8) Ftetch 
Supplied by w 


Births: Richard Wilson, land- 
scape painter. Penegoes, Powys, 
1714; Jean-Baptiste de La- 
marck, biologist, Picardy. 1744; 
William Clark, explorer, Caro- 
line County. Virginia, 1770; 
Herman Melville, novelist, au- 
thor of Moby Dick, New York 
City, 1819. 

Deaths: Anne, Qmeea of Great 
Britain and Ireland, reigned 
1702-14. London. 1714; Robert 
Morrison, Protestant mission- 
in China, Canton, 1834; 
leodore Roethke, poet, 
Bain bridge Island, Washingt o n. 


Times Portfolio Cold rules are as 


1 Times portfolio 1 9 free. Purctwoe 
or The Times is not a conation or 
■aktnp pan. 

2 Timm Portfolio ust comprises a 
group of puttie companies whom 

listed on the 

into four r a ndom l y distributed groups 
of 11 shares. Every Portfolio card 
contains two punters- from each 
grow and tadi cam contains a 
unique set of number*. 

5 Times DorttbUo WMenT wD ba 
the figure in pence 'which represents 
the optimum move-me m In prices (Le. 
the largest increase or lowed loss) of a 
cortbtnailon of eWW (two boat each 
ra n d omly dtstrUxaedgroup wimm the 
04 shares) of the 44 shares which an 
any one day c omp ris e The T i m es 
PortfbDo Its. 

4 The dally a vtdend wm be 
announced each day and the weekly 
dividend wm be announced earn 
Saturday In The Times. 

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6 If the overall price movenwit of 
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normal way Times Portfolio win he 
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Hon to play - Dsay DMdaod 

On each day your unique sd Of drill 
numbers wo rror es e nl commercial, 
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After listing the price changes of 
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Times Portfolio dividend published on 
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If your overall total matches The 
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members of thetr immediate families 
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Monday -Saturday record 7 your daily 
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Add these together to d eterm ine 
your weekly Portfolio total. 

if your total matches the pubttstied 
weekly dividend figure you have won 
outrinM or a share of the prize money 
stated for that week, and must claim 
your prize as instructed Detow. 

Triepbeoe The Ttees Portfrita ■ 

■ns S2S4-U772 ItotWWB ItBfna 

JtogMan sad bs aoeepterf etflsMe these 

You imst havo your earn with you 
when you Iriephone. 

If you are unable to teieohoae 
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but ihw must have tout card and can 
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No nss p on s iMBty can be accented 
for failure ■« contact (he dairro office 
for any reason wunm me staled 

The above instructions ate a> 
pucable to both daily and weekly 
dividend claims. 



A depression NE of 
Shetland will move away 
NE and a weak ridge of 
high pressure over the 
British Isles will give way 
asa deepening depression 
and associated fronts 
move in from the At- 
lantia . 

6 am to midnight 

Landau SE EmM, EmM Anffite Dry. 
sunny periods, becoming cloudy Men 
wind westerly fight banting southerly 
mode rate or fresh; max temp 19C lo 21C 

Central S England, E, W — dfa nd i. 
Channel tgt a n c te Dry, suny penods, 
becoming cloudy, ram by ewntna wM 
SW K£u. boefemg southern, hash or 

strong; max temp 18 to 20C (64 to 68A 

2gS& B 2i!!5 : 

ptni005| WAAAiteij CKaiuV WtnO 

westerly fight or moderate, backing aotfh- 
atetete rt max te mp 17 to 19C j6 3to66F). 

SW Ba ri —1 , s Wales: Becoming 
ctaudy wan occasional rain by late 
mommg; wind SW fight backing S or SE, 
fncraaamg strong, perhaps gale force in 
exposed places; max temp 17 to 19C <63 

N Wteaa, tele of Man. Northern Iratead: 

Dry. sunny periods, becoming doudy. ran 
ter awnin g, wind SW fight backing S or 
SE strong; max temp 16 to ISCffil to 
64F). ■ 

MW, cetera! IN Eng la n d . Lake District: 
Dry, s uiny penods, beconang doudy. rain 
lat er, mod figh t and vortadfe, becoming 
south^irtte' or strong: max temp 17 to 
19C (63 to B0F). 

tends. NHTSc 
, becomng doudy 
MW fight or modei 
max temp 15 to 17C (50 to I 

_ Ahtod e sh, Mo ray Firth. HE ScoMand. 
Orkney: (rotated showers dying out, 
«*my periods; wind NW fresh or strong, 

SW fl e egend. Gtesgov, Argyll Dry. 
swmy periods, becoming doudy. rain 
later: wind fight and variable, becoming SE 
treeh or strong; max temp 16 lo 18 C ($1 to 

Shetland: Rather doudy, occ as ional 
rain, becoming br&war and more show- 
ary; wind NW strong, locafly gate toree at 
Drat, becoming fight and variable; max 

Oifltoofc for tomorrow and Smtav 
Cloud and rate In many dtatricts clearing to 
NE. toflowed by sunny Intends and 
showers, some heavy, very windy at 
times with severe gales in parts of N and 
W. Rather cod n most places, becorring 
nearer normal te SE. 

High Tides 

Mtfue dv: be Mue sky and riouct c- 
doudy: o-ovnrasl: MO K (WntR h- 
halL nUst-mlst: r-ratiu s-snow; th- 
thunderstorm: p-ohowen. 

Arrows show wind dtrecUon. wtnd 
spent imphj circled. Temperature 






London Bridge 

















































iar“ d 

a .12 

































MBford Haven 





























. 33 







8 49 



















Tide neesorad te metres: lto=3J28Q8fL 

Around Britain 



\ h*:\ - 

; i ■ -* l - 1 •. , 



hr* te 

- -24 
02 .11 











Sundaes: Swaets: 

5.24 am 049 pm 

Mooariaes Moon aeta 

1242 am 626 pm 

New moon August 5 

Ughting-up time 

London 9.19 pm to 455 am 
Bristol 6^9 pm to 5.05 am 
Edtefatagb tt51 pm to 448 am 
” ‘w 958 pm to 455 am 

90S pm to S22 am 

127 - 

_ .. 10.1 - 
WdiMuii 93 

7J ■ 

Southsoa 65 
Srodowo 85 - 

Shanfcfln 75 - 

noumanitti 3A 
Pooia 23 
Swanage 4 A 
Weymouth 21 
FTnwah 20 32 
Taignmooft 13 34 
Tommy 13 .16 
Fafawtflh 22 52 
Franco 35 33 
Seay Was 43 .19 
Jersey 13.9 . 

SBfSW" • 

35 26 

C F 

16 61 
15 58 
19 66 

19 66 

20 68 
21 70 
21 70 

18 64 sunny 

19 68 sunny 

19 66 surviy 

18 64 sunny 

18 64 suny WALES 

19 68 Sumy Anga e i 

„ CanEti 

18 66 sunny Cotwynl 

sunny Tenby 


21 36 

21 .19 

26 56 

27 .43 

33 .02 

-- — thunder y”?. 1-* -Oi 

17 « rate M <38 

18 64 rain SST”* Xi 

17 83 rate 22 -i* 

24 75 sunny ** Z* 

22 72 sunny NORTHBW IRELAND 

17 83 * ““ 14 “ 

> Wednesday's 8gmas 


18 « rate 



Temperaues ® midday yesterday: c, 
doud; t, tar; r, rate; s. sun. 

C F c F 

Belfast - c 1355 Guernsey f I7G3 
B’lmdin rlBBI Imrante aa r1l59 
Bte d qiool c 1457 Jersey f 1763 
MM c 1601 London f ism 
C anSf 11681 Vnchter C1355 
Ednb u rgh c 1457 Newcastle c 1661 
Osagew c1559 RfWdnray c 1355 

Onr address 

Informatioo for inclusion in The 
Times Information service should be 
sen! lorme Editor, -ms. The Time. 
PO te 7. l Virginia Street Uradoa. 

** ri . ooiiuiM* m * ■ ii uiilMi >ii Dra 

Union £1 9 XN. Friday! aim i; 

WDOAY: c. doud; d. drizzle; I. far. 
c F Q 

afeSSj 8 3 04 Cotogne s 29 

fed. 5 30 ®S£ sn l* 

c ^ 66 Dubrarnfc s 28 
gg" - * 37 99 Florence t i 

S 6 SilgSS IS 

3£;isasr si 

gss can SK ll 

ssss isstxg ii 

«r ssstS- ii 

SSKi. I “ « isr SSI 

C F 
* 32 90 
8 38 91 
a 31 88 
c 11 52 

fg, teg; r. rate; a. Bun: an, 

is at? 

w uSma 

Mexico C 


72 Moaeew 

so Mura 
84 Mataotei 


sas r 

97 Oslo 



70 Rode J 

98 Rgwffi 

a 32 90 
f 27 81 
C 21 70 
t 22 72 
s 30 88 
t 23 73 
S 31 88 
1 30 86 
c 24 75 
S 27 81 
r 15 59 
I 22 72 
f 30 86 
« 14 57 

• 29 84 
I 10 50 
a 29 84 
a 22 72 

• 43100 

stow: (.thunder. 

C t 

Am a 29 04 
SMzbura -a 30 80 
3 Frisco' s 21 3 

Saottno* c 16 £ 

SPariO- $ 28 79 
Seoul c 31 88 
1 29 84 

stmtg I 29 84 

ass iBg . 

Tela* s 30 88 g 
TmarBe s 25 77 
Tokyo s 32 90 
Toronto* t 23 73 
TUota s 33 91 
VWrae 8 38100 
WnCW .i If 88 
Vanioe f 29 84 
Vienne s 28 W 
Waraew f 25 77 
WMffiW c 28 82 
WefTttoo I 12 54 
- - - f as 82 




6 ft £ Si 


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Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

FT 30 Share 

1272.0 (-8.3) 


1558:1 (-8.2) 

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Shares bay-in 

Sears intends to abqilire 
compulsorily outstanding 
Mi lletts Leisure shares after 
receiving acceptances for 
95.13 per cent of Milieus. 

Offer advice 

• Hargreaves Group has had 
talks with Coalite, which is 
.. seeking a recommendation for 
its £81 million bid. Har- 
greaves is however still 
-advising shareholders to take 
'no action. It has received a 
number of other approaches 
but H is too early to say if any 
-will lead to firm offers. 

Bid talks 

'• Viewplan is holding talks 
which may lead to an offer 
being made for the company. 

Vote delayed 

Turner & NewalTs extraor- 
dinary meeting to approve its 
■ takeover bid for AE was 
■postponed after AE’s solicitors 
. questioned foe validity of a 
. provision in Turner & 
NewalTs articles of 

.Tatums 18 

Street 18 
Comment 19 

Stock Market 19 
Forma Exck 19 
'Money Mrfcts 19 

Trade* Opts 19 
TJ nil Trusts 20 
Commodities 20 
USM Prices 20 
Shan Pfts .21 
Gs News 22 




USM (Datastream) 

121.39 (-0.58) 


US Dollar 

1.4925 (+0.0010) 

W German mark ' 

3:1238 (-0.0262) 


72.0 (-0.3) 

bank job 

Mr Gerry Grimstone, an 
assistant secretary at the Trea- 
sury with responsibility- for 
nationalized industries and 
privatization, .will become a 
director of corporate finance 
ai J Henry Schroder Wagg, the 
merchant hank, on September 
1. He is prevented by civil 
service rules from doing any 
public sector' work for 
Schraders until the end of 

Lex leaps 

Lex Service, distributor of 
Volvo cars and 
electrocomponents, reported 
interim pretax profits up 87 
per cent to £14.8 million for 
die ssi tnonths to June. Turn- 
over was up 1 per cent to 
£5516 million and the divi- 
dend was unchanged at 4.1p 

Tempos, page 18 

Profits soar 

‘ David S Smith (Holdings), 
the paper and board manufac- 
turer, made taxable profits of 
£62 million in the year ending 
April 30 against £1.05 million 
previously. The total dividend 
has been raised to 4.2p from 

• Tempos, page 18 

Sale success 

The offer for sale oT3J8 

basis of allocation will be 
; announced today: - 

^ w . . >*% 
‘ : ' *• '• 



By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspoodent 

The electricity supply in-- a -further . statement about Electricity sales in the year 
dustry for England and Wales - prices in the autumn. "But our were up by 10 billion units to 

powered bade into profitabil- 
ity last year and saw its £1.7 
bfltion loss caused' the 
miners' strike converted intoa 
£414miflion net profit. 

Announcing the results, Sr 
Philip Jones, chairman of the 
Electricity Council, also gave a 
dear indication that electricity 
prices should remain stable 
for another nine months and 
might be reduced further 
following the 3 .5 per cent cut 
in domestic and business tar- 
iffs be instituted in June: - 

Electricity prices had fallen 
in real terms over the last five 
years by about 10 per cent, he 
said, and the new five-year 
deal to buy cheaper coal from 
British Coal offered “immedi- 
ate. and long term price 
advantages” for the industry's 
21 milli on customers.. 

Sir Philip's comments come : 
a week after Sir Denis Rooks, 
chairman of British Gas, said 
he hoped for a price cut next 
year. The £& bQhon British 
Gas privatization is scheduled 
for November, and tbe. Gov- 
ernment cleariy would like to 
see electricity follow it into 
private ownership. 

Sir Philip said the .current 
price reduction should remain 
in force until next - April 
Meanwhile, the industry 
would be reviewing the impact 
of tower fuel prices and infla- 
tion, high sales and improved 
effiaency and he would make 

customers . can . .rest assured 
that we will be doing all fiat 
we can to see thai prices will 
be kept as low as possible.” 

The industry is aiming to 
cut costs by 6.1 per cent a year 
in the five years to 1987-88 
and despite the strike, has 
achieved a 4.6 percent cut by 
1985-86. The industry em- 

were up by 10 billion units to 
213 Itillion, four per cent 
higher that tbe previous 
record year of 1978-79. 
Domestic sales were up 4.6 per 
cent, industrial by 4.5 per cent 
and commercial by 12 per 

Sales of electricity for heat- 
ing and waiter heating under 
the Economy 7 off-peak tariff; 

Pill: - 


Sir Philip Jones, left, and Lord Marshall: powering back into profit 

ploys 132,000 people, a fall of which now claims 2 milli on 
IS per cent in five years. customers, increased for the 

IS per cent in five years. 

The rivalry between 
electricity and gas intensified 
with Sir Philip repeating his 
view that .fire substitution of 
electricity for oil and gas was 
in the. national interest “In 
doing this we will be transfer- 
ring demand 1 to, tbe more 
plentiful resources of coal and 
nuclear energy and helping to 
conserve the more limited 
ones of 6Q and gas for .their 
true premium use in trans- 
portation and as chemical 

The Council, the umbrella 
body for the Central Electric- 
ity Generating Board and tbe 
12 area electricity boards, all 
of which are now back in the 
black, made an operating 
profit of £944 million and 
achieved a return of 2.65 per 
cent, on assets against a 
planned 23 per cent for the 
first of three years in which the 
Government-imposed target 
was an average return of 275 

Midland Bank interim 
profits up by 29% 

By Richard Thomson 
Banking Correspondent 
Midland Bank yesterday an- 
noubceda profiuncreaseaf29 
per cent for foe first six 
months of this year and 
signalled its success in 
overcoming the problems of 
recent years by raising its 
'igvidead for foe -first time 

The bank met Chy expecta- 
tions by revealing a pretax 
profit for the half year to June 
30 of £195 million, compared 
with £151 million over the 
same period last year. Earn- 
ings per share leapt by 74.2 per 
cent from 225p to 39.2p, 
helped by a sharp fell in the 
bank's tax charge. 

Tbe . stock market re- 
sponded cautiously to the 
news of foe interim dividend 
increase from 1 Ip to 1 1.5p by 

", . :/ 

Sir Donald Barron: 

Problems overcome 
Midland, which is chaired 
by Sir Donald Barron, has 
suffered a series of setbacks 
over the last few years, includ- 
ing the disastrous investment 
in Crocker National^ the 

ing and water heating under -w- y m. . . 

. Unit trust 

customers, increased for the _ • 

third year in succession. As a VlClOr V ' 

result, the - industry sold J • 

434,000 storage beaters, a rise AVOf C! I U 

of 30 per cent on the previous U T vl kJ-lXJ 

year and tbe best figure for 13 _ 

years! The most popular By Lawrence Lever 

method for spreading the cost The uni t trust industry 
of etectrraty is still foe scored a notable victory yes- 
montrny budget plan, now terday when the Securities and 
u Se ^L ^ million Investments Board an- 
households. nounced that it has dropped 

Profit on tbe sale of appli- its plan to make all sales of 
ances increased by £3.4 mil- unit trusts subject to a four- 
lion to £32 milli on, a 9.9 per teen days cooling off period, 
cent return on net current cost The SIB’s proposals, which 

assets, while profit on installs- - were greeted with delight by 
tion contracting rose by £21 tbe Unit Trust Association 
million to £7 j million. yesterday, received a much 

The Central Electricity l«s estatic from the life insur- 
Generating Board, whose ““ “dus^. wfndi com- 
chairman is Lord Marshall, Placed lhal H*y favoured 
achieved a trading profit of umt trusts over sales of regular 
£645 million on a current cost premium life insurance, 
accounting basis- £29 million . Moreover proposal ako 
better than forecast After issued .yesterday by SIB 
meeting all costs, the profit concerning surrender values 
was £141 million, enabling the and bonus projections - the 
board to fund capital invest- controversial manner in 
ment internally. which .life companies estimate 

the likely payout on tbeir 

• policies ~ mil make life 

v| TPyiftl companies' expenses and 

ll tyl I 111 front end load charges more 

• visible. 

^AA/- The SIB wfll be allowing 

companies and intennediaries' 
” to sell personal pension plans 

.j.. - by means of a cold call, 

chief executive, said: The afoough the fourteen day 

ESS&2S3S&Z S o S 0 ^ 0d ” llapp,y, ° 

iMont ia monofibewodlt, M 

■a*!— yeawdayne: - _ 

tion contracting rose by £21 
million to £73 milli on. 

The Central Electricity 
Generating Board, whose 
chairman is Lord Marshall, 
achieved a trading profit of 
£645 million on a current cost 
armimting basis - £29 milli on 
better than forecast After 
meeting all costs, the profit 
was£141 million, enabling the 
board to fund capital invest- 
ment internally. 

£41,000 pay rise 
for GEC chief 

director of General Electric 
Company, received a 30 per 
cent pay rise last year. Accord- 
ing to GECs annual accounts, 
published yesterday, his salary 
rose by £41,000 to £177.000 

for the year to the end of programme, saw a drop in 


GEC, Britai n's largest 
manufacturing group, expects 
to bear wi thin the next two 
weeks whether the Monopo- 
lies and Mergers Commission 
has blocked its £1.2 billion bid 
for Plessey. Mr James Prior, 
foe chairman, who earned 
£61,000 last year, said yes- 
terday: “Despite all their re- 

cent protestations, many of “not blameless” for the delays 
which have been midtraAing, and cost over-runs on the 

the board of Plessey must 

realize the SOUnd rommprrial 

logic fur Britain, as well as 
GEC, of pooling the resources 
of our two companies.” . 

Last year pretax profits at 
GEC fell £24 million to £700.6 
million but the new financial 
year has started with a record 
order book, up 125 per cent at 

falls to 

By Graham Searjeant 
Financial Editor 

The dollar plunged to 
record lows against the mark 
and the yen yesterday in a 
fourth day of hectic specu- 
lative trading in foreign ex- 
change markets. 

After dosing at Y 155.6 in 
New* York on Wednesday 
night, the US currency feu 
below Y154 for the first time 
yesterday and dropped de- 
cisively below DM 2100. 
Selling started overnight in 
c finrir ; n »A Far East markets 

g back into profit afteisuggestions by Mr George 

Shultz, the US Secretary of 

• . State, that foe dollar had 

|SQST viCA further to fall 

ftJH y M. In a speech to exporters 

C * • after New York markets had 

closed, he said that currency 
1 || l r~ B adjustment still had some way 

^ to go, confirming impressions 

By Teresa Poole that the Administration is 

3 anxious to put further pres- 

Lord Weinstock, managing almost £6 billion. The elec- sure on Japan and Germany 

rector of General Electric tronic systems division saw through foe exchange markets 

>mpany, received a 30 per orders improve by a third to to boost their economies, 
nt pay rise last year. Accord- £3.5 billion. Speculative selling later 

g to GECs annual accounts. Telecommunications and spread, to London and New 

i Wished yesterday, his salary business systems, which in- York. The mood was not 
se by £41 ,000 to £1 77,000 dude the System X exchange hel p^i by a closer look at the 
‘ programme, saw a drop in higher US June trade deficit of 
orders from £480 million to SI 4. 17 billion, which revealed 
£396 million. . that it would have been $1.3 

Mr Prior added that it was a b aii 0 n higher but for excep- 
measure of foe enormous tional shipments of gold to 
success” of foe company that Japan to mint commemo- 
lack of demand for new power ral j ve coi ns . 
stations, electrical distribution Yesterday's most significant 

networks, and from steel and statistic showed a increas- 
other industrial installations ingiy troubled American econ- 
had only limited impact omy . Factory orders fell 0.3 
He admitted that GEC was per cent in June. And on a 
“not blameless” for the delays gloomy day, the postpone- 
and cost over-runs on the ment of the release of the US- 
Nimrod airborne early warn-; leading 'indicators until today 

orders from £480 million to 
£396 million. 

Mr Prior added that it was a 
measure of foe “enormous 
success” of foe company that 
lack of demand for new power 
stations, electrical distribution 
networks, and from steel and 
other industrial installations 
had only limited impact 

He admitted that GEC was 

ing system. The Ministry of 
Defence has given GEC 
Avionics until September to 
solve the problems and . Mr 
Prior said that ibe company 
was confident of demonstrat- 
ing that it was capable of 
delivering an acceptable sys- 

making up Midland shares to C^ornianbank. 

557pfrom 552p. ^ Geoffrey Taylor, group 

Review begins Polly Pec 

atMacarthys npw « nani 

■ Macarthys Phannaceuti- UvlY lilldlll 

cals, which was taken over last . ByOnM 

February by clients of John p 0 Uy Peck International, 
Govett, the fund manag er, Oie Quit packaging and 
announced yesterday that it electronics group, has re- 
was malting an extraordinary shuffled its board in a move 
charge of £3.9 million to cover lively to be seen as an attempt 
dilapidation, obsolete and to improve its status in the 
redundant stock and fixed- Qty_ 

asset provisions. Mr Aril Nadir, the chair- 

chief executive, said: “The 
group as a whole enjoyed the 
benefits of good trading con- 
ditions in most of foe workCs 

The group's tax charge 
dropped from 59 per cent last 
year to 47 per cent this time. 
But provisions for bad debts 
were higher than expected, 
rising from £182 million to 
£210 million. Most were in- 
curred 1 on international busi- 
ness where shipping loans had 
caused significant problems. 

Domestic banking opera- 
tions were the most successful 
with profits rising from £125 
million to £158 million. Mr 
Taylor said foe retail banking 
sector showed increases in 
both lending volume and 
commission income. He 
a dd^d that Midland had 
added 100,000 new personal 
customer accounts to its 4.5 
million existing accounts 

Tempos, page 18 

PCW plan challenged 

The main proposab issued - The validity and potential 
yesterday are: workability of LloydVinsur- 

• No cooling off for sales of ance market's plan, to assist 
unit trusts or single, premium PCW names through solvency 

life assurance contracts where 
sales come from off-the-page 
advertisements, or pursuant 
to a written customer agree- 
ment ,or in cases where an 
“execution only"service is be- 
ing provided. Cooling off will 
where sales are made in 
consequence ofa cold call and 
for regular premium life insur- 
ance no matter how it is sold. 

• life companies will not 
be able to determine their own 
assumptions for illustrating 
future benefits. Instead foe 
SIB, or the relevant SRO.will 
lay down the assumptions and 

has. been challenged by a 
committee of names 
representing 400 of the hard- 
est-hit PCW names. 

A letter sent this week asks 
names to question Lloyd's or 
their agent on what lawful 
basis' their assets at Lloyd's 
have been frozen. Another 
letter written by the names' 
solicitors to Mr Peter Miller, 
the chairman of Lloyd's, says 
that names suspended last 
year for failing solvency must 
be judged afresh on the new 

The solicitors pointed out 

Polly Peck appoints 
new finance director 

■ By Our City Staff 

PoDy Peck International foe first main board director 
the fruit packaging and based in Turkey, where many 
electronics group, has re- of the group's operations are 
shuffled its board in a move situated, and fa joined by Mr 
likely to be seen as an attempt Joe Harris, who has been 
to improve its status in the chairman of the Inter-City 

City. textiles subsidiary, and Mr 

Mr Aril Nadir, the chair- Evan Potts of the agricultural 
man, has recruited Mr David division. 

Fawcus from foe overseas arm But Mr Brian HandicotL, 

Sta SSaSSSSSSS But Mr Briar, Hrmdicott, 
of Gurnnes, inro the ali- who helped » art op rhe 

executive, pm m by tbe in- P»“ ° f finan “ ^ 

stiturions. said Jhm the youp d ^|^^ flielOT « CTving Kte£ <5? f ra?« 

executive, put in by the in- 
stitutions, said that the group 
structure was being rational- 

Medical retailing and vet- 
erinary manufacturing, sales 
and efistribution subsidiaries | 
were being merged. 

important post of finance consumer electronics busi- 
director. ness, is leaving to go into 

He replaces the long-serving business on his own, a move 
Mr Anil Doshi who fa to retire, which disappointed some of 
Mr Fawcus, 52, who spent the company’s followers 
more than 20 years with “The appointments were 
Unilever, moved to Guinness needed to strengthen Polly 

Pvt'c Imona m th. *> ... 

years ago. 

Peck’s image in the City,” one 

the illustrated rates of rate of that they made representa- 
return. lions last year at the time of 

•Illustrations should con- ■ # 

tain an indication of foe effect 
of inflation. 

In a clever sidestep of foe 

investor protection aspects of 

watering down foe cooling off ■ ^ 
requirements foe SIB has -m im/Ivvi 

ruled that it will not be 1% I I I |/j VV 
permissible to enter into cus- V ▼ 1 

tomer agreements in con- 

sequence of a cold .call, and r I 

designed a new type of cus- gj 

tomer agreement letter. B 

This fa a one off agreement 
which will only apply to foe 
single investment transaction 
which fa likely to be the . . . 

subject of a cold caH Firms w 

making cold calls can request 

customers to enter into ask London pric 

agreement can be effective prices are up 11^ 

and any investments So you'll be ( 

P In a separate announcement wanting £50,000 

yesterday tbe SIB hit bade at Belgravia is 

mounting criticims of foe Rpldravin do 

By Alison Eadie 

otential the 1985 administrative 
s'insur- suspensions as to why the 
) assist PCW names should not be 
ilvency suspended . Tbe solicitors 
by a wrote: “It would seem that the 
names main thrust of what we then 
e hard- said has proved to be correct” 

ek asks 1116 letter 10 names sai* 
wfTsrtr ** We rema ^ n 10 ** convinced 
lEwfiii 11131 a settlement fair to names 
Lloyd's account of 

their legal remedies against all 
2255 potential defendants, wfll be 
MiSS, forthcoming.” 

X says Much work continues to be 
id last done on preparing proceed- 
y must ings that may be brought both 
be new in Britain and foe United 
States, foe letter said Last 
ed out week was spent in “intensive 
esenta- work” in London with Ameri- 
ame of can attorneys. 

was also taken badly. 

Rumours that foe New 
York Federal Reserve had 
intervened on behalf of the 
Bank of Japan to sell yen 
against dollars and si milar 
rumours about the German 
Bundesbank proved short- 
lived and the dollar slid to 
DM10935 and Y153.9. 

Sterling rose slightly against 
the US currency to $1.4925 at 
the London close, but the 
pound fell against other cur- 
rencies because of fears over 
oil prices, leaving foe Bank of 
England's sterling index down, 
from 723 to 720 on the day. 

• Temporary measures to 
cut the soaring oil production 
of the 13 member nations of 
the Oiganizauon of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries (Opec) 
were agreed in Geneva yes- 
terday. If the agreement sticks 
it could reduce output, cur- 
rently running at nearly 20 
million barrels a day, by 
almost 2 million barrels. 

But four countries offered 
no cuts. They were Libya, 
Algeria, Iran and Iraq. 

The conference, which goes 
on today, agreed to set up a 
committee to try to establish 
new specific quotas aimed at 
bringing a bigger reduction. 

Mr Tainan Karan becomes analyst said yesterday. 





Now York 

■DOW Jones 17B051 (+1.12) 

. Tokyo 

: Nikkei Dow — 1750971 (-289^4) 

Hong Kong: 

Hang Seng 1 ® s £5?Jt 7 ^2 

Amsterdam; Gen 2828 (+0.7) 

Sydney: AO liztt (+14^) 


Commerzbank 182S.1 (-163) 

* a# "W" 

Commerzbank — V 

General ~ 63 

Paris: CAC 


SKA General 

London dosing prices 


British Steam — 

P Black 

w Ransom 

Authority Inv — 
B Matthews - — ~ 

Lamot Holdings „ 
MBbrd Docks _ 
HughMsckay — 

330p +25p 



_ 3783 (-15) 


ss Page21 



Bank Base: 10% 

3-month I n t e rb a nk l0-fi%% 
3-month etigHa Mfs^S-9 ,9 aa% 

buying rate 




Metal Closures . 
Barclays .. : 
Standard Chart 

Lonhro — 

Warier Est — - 
Cement Road _ 
Lex Service — 


j Midland 

~ 272p (- 8 p) 
- 143p|-8pj 
■ 494p(-18p 

: 38 hi 




Prime Ran 8 % 

■ Federal Funds 6X% 

3-month Thsesvy BDb 5^0-5.78% 



Ei S1.492S 
E: DM3.1238 
£SwFi 25Q22 
E: FFrtO.1453 
£: lndex:72J) 

Now Yorie 
£: $1,4930 
$: DM2.0905 
S: index: 111.4 

ECU £6678086 
SDR £0.800689 


London Fixing: 

AM $357.75 pm-$357.50 
dose S35&50-35925 (£ 240 . 00 - 
240.75 ) 

New Yoric 

Comax $359.80360 JO 

Brant (Sept) __ $9^5 bH (S 1 O .103 


bigger! n 


To advertise your car, holiday home or 
property Sw sale m The Tiroes Classified, 
SJm your advertisement in the ^jace 
below. (Longer messages can be 
anached separately). Raiesare: 

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to Shirley Maigolis, GroupOassiGed 
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London .ET9DD. Or phoneOl-4814000. 




Davtime Telephone: 


Tbpaj by Access or Barclavcard. 
please quote your number.’ 

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The new Knightsbrid^e Ibtal monthly payment S 434.48 

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uTStnve years. Tbcij am-nim payable ewer 25 ytars £ 1 30-544.00 

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Dow inches higher 

New York (Renter) — Shore 
prices continued to advance 
from Wednesday's higher 
dose in early trading 
The advance was led by 
stronger technology issues. 
Semiconductor shares were 
buoyed by a US-Japanese 

trade agreement designed to 
raise the price of imported 
chips j 

The Dow Jones industrial 
avenge was np nearly four 
points at me stage but 
dropped back to 178037, np 
0.98, by imd-morning. 

British Rail makes £120m 
from sales and lettings 


By Christopher Warmaa, Property C or respondent 

British Rail realized over 
£120 million from the sale and 
letting of railway property in 
the year to Mart* 31, Sir 
James Swaffield, chairman of 
the British RaS Property 
Board, announced yesterday. 

Gross sates receipts were 
£81.7 million compared with 
the previous IS months' total 
of £152.8 million. Rental 
growth of 6 per cent was 
achieved and after revenue 
losses through sales, gross 
letting income was £69.6 ‘ 

The Property Board is 
preparing to dispose of all its 
registered land as soon as 
possible. Sir James said the 
board had exceeded its targets 
for the year, and was pleased 
that even though 1984-85 was 
the peak year for planned 
disposals, 1985^6 sales still 
reached over £81 milKon 
through more than 1,700 in- 
dividual sales. 

S ir James said the aicb 

refurbishment policy had been 
successful. “Not only does 
arch refurbishment produce 
good income results, but also 
as a by-product it improves 
the environment, particularly 
as most of the arches are in 
. inner urban areas." 

The board is also aiming to 
exploit the demand for office 
accommodation in the City 
generated by the b$ bang. In 
addition to Broadgate, which 
is under construction, the 
development of other station 
sites in London is either 
underway or planned. 

Since 1980, the Property 
Board has attracted some £460 
million of- private sector 
investment to create offices, 
diops, factories and ware- 
houses on railway land, and in 
some cases over railway tracks 
and stations. During 1985-86^ 
work started oo 18 new 
schemes covering one million 
sq ft and involving private 
sector investme n t of about 
£115 million. 

The schemes include a 265- 
room hotel with additional 1 
station car parking at Eustoa, ! 
a 40,000 sq ft store at Sheffield | 
(Wadsley Bridge), a 75,000 sq i 
ft supermarket and new sta- i 
tion facilities at rhphsm 
Junction and a 45,000 sq ft 
retail development at 

The largest single develop- 
ment undertaken by the board 
is the Liverpool Street-Broad 
Street “Broadgate” 
projectTbe first two phases of 
544,000 sq ft will be com- 
pleted this year, while a start 
on the next 750,000 sq ft is 
expected soon. 

Midland finds way to 
expected destination 

Originally the board re- 
corded 17,675 acres of vacant 
and under-utilized land held 
by public bodies in England 
and Wales in the government 
register. By April 1, 11,6361 
acres remained, of winch j 
about 7 6J5 per cent was ac- ! 
lively in hand for sale or 
development. i 

Waterways board tops 
performance target 

Wimpey in £17m sale 

George Wimpey. the 
housebuilder, is selling its 
builders' merchants business 
to Cement-Roadstone, the big 
Irish construction group, for 
just over £17 million. 

The deal will expand Ce- 
raent-Roadstone's merchant 
operations in the UK to 
around £1 10 million a year, 
with more than half of it 
generated in the South. 

Wimpey is selling WW 
Hall, with nine branches, Ed- 
wards and Company 
(Longfield). with a branch in 
Kent, and Monteith Building 
Services, with six branches 
and a board-processing opera- Scotland. 

Last year the Wimpey 
merchanting business earned 
trading profits of £2.1 million 

By Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

The British Waterways 
Board, the state concern that 
administers and maintains the 
nation's canals and inland 
harbours, earned £603 mil- 
lion in revenue in 1985-86 and 
after costs had a retained 
profit of £218,000. 

Presenting the annual re- 
sults yesterday, Sr Leslie 
Young, the chairman, said tile 
organization had met the 
performance target of break- 
ing even as laid down in the 
Transport Act 1968. Dining 
the year, the board received 
£42.3 million of Government 
grants against nearly £50 mil- 
lion in the previous 15 

However, a qualification of 
the accounts from Coopers & 
Lybrand, the auditors, makes 
clear that the board has not 
been able to meet all its 
statutory obligations for the 
maintenance and remedial 
work on waterways, reservoirs 
and road bridges because of 
lack of finance. 

At the end of 1985-86, no 
provision had been made for 
the £130 mOlion of repairs 
needed to commercial and 
cruising waterways, the £6.9 
million of safety measures 
needed at reservoirs, or the 
£13.1 million required to re- 
build public road bridges. 

The bright spot in the 

US refuses 
to yield in 
MFA talks 

From Alan McGregor 


Sir Leslie Young: recovery 

in freight division 

board's year was a recovery 
by the height division, which 
recorded a loss of £359,000 
from its operating activities 
compared with a loss of £13 
million in 1984-85. Sir Leslie 
said this was achieved by 
reducing costs and manpower. 

Toll revenue from commer- 
cial traffic contributed £1.04 
million to the board. 

Leisure use of the water- 
ways produced a revenue of 
just over £4 million, while the 
profit earned from joint prop- 
erty ventures with private 
sector companies to develop 
the board’s land totalled £2.6 

As the midnight deadline 
approached, negotiators from 
50 countries were grappling 
last night with obstacles to 
agreement on a five-year 
extension —with amended 
provisions — to the muhifibre' 
arrangement (MFA). 

The United States, which 
has experienced a 25-30 per 
cent annual increase in textile 
and garment imports recently, 
remained unyielding in its 
insistence that “new” veg- 
etable fibres, particularly ra- 
mie, be covered by the 
amended protocol It was 
opposed by third world textile 
producers and China. 

The European Economic 
Community, which has not 
been subject to the same 
onslaught of textile imports, 
does not believe products 
containing ramie — up to 55 
percent— r epresent a threat to 
its home market. The Ameri- 
cans contend, however, that 
innovative mixes of fibres win 
shortly “go through all 

Dominant third world 
producers are dissatisfied with 
a new MFA danse whereby 
.their exports will be accorded 
differing conditions according 
to produce and origin. 

Midland Bank's interim fig- 
ures were as good as expected. 

They showed that, on most 
fronts, the tank has found its 
way out of the woods, and the 
point was drummed in with a 
dividend increase. But the 
results included a number of 
unexpected features which 
bear closer examination. 

The £195 million prerax 
profits included a large slice 
from bond and foreign ex- 
change dealing which helped 
to boost other operating in- 
come from £563 million to 
£695 million. 

Large dealing profits may 
indicate the way in which 
Midland is already swinging 
further towards investment 
banking, one of its major 
policy objectives. They may, 
however, be a flash in the pan. 
National Westminster, after 
aU, also produced large deal- 
ing profits over the same 

The bank also revealed 
higher-than-expected bad debt 
provisions: a £28 million in- 
crease to £210 milli on. The 
positive side is that the bank's 
underlying performance was 
somewhat stronger than ex- 
pected, enabling it to meet 
overall profit expectations. 

The 26 per cent increase in 
domestic tanking may not 
have been as sparkling as 
NatWest’s performance but it 
was still solid, with healthy 
signs, such as continued 
strong growth in personal 
customer accounts, giving rea- 
son for optimism. 

Midland has also shown 
considerable success in reduc- 
ing the international loan 
port folioinheri ted from 
Crocker which looks less 
th reatening than a few months 

But Midland has, surpris- 
ingly, not followed other 
hanks in pushing the bulk of 
new provisions into the tax 
efficient “specific" category. 
The result is that, although the 
bank's tax charge has dropped 
from 59 percent to 47 per cent 
— producing a big rise in 
earnings per share — it has not 
fallen nearly as for as it might 
have. Provisioning is un- 
doubtedly a delicate art but 
the reasons for Midland's 
policy do not seem altogether 

That policy may change 
along with many other things 
over the next 1 8 months as the . 
present senior management 
make way for a new genera-. 

tion, led by Mr Kit McMahon. 

Coinciding with the ob- 
vious improvement in 
Midland’s fortunes, this 
change is certain to boost the 
stock-market's confidence in 
the bank over the long term. 
More immediately, a further 
increase in the dividend at the 

p/e of 6. 

That will still leave Midland 
looking cheap relative to the 
other banks which are them- 
selves undo-valued . 

Lex Service 

A gloomy statement on a 
company’s outlook will go a 
long way towards over- 
shadowing its improved prof- 
its. Interim pretax profit at 
Lex Service, announced yes- 
terday. leapt 87 per cent to 
£14.8 million, causing the 
share price to rise initially by 
8p to 317pu 

Euphoria was quickly 
damped down, however, on 
reading the accompanying 
statement which warned that 
an apparent recovery in the 
electronic components mar- 
ket earlier this . year was not 
sustained and that a recovery 
is now not expected until 

Lex Service still depends 
entirely on its automotive 
distribution activities for 62 
percent of turnover and all of 
its profit. Lex is the sole 
importer of Volvo cars and 
parts into Britain, a con- 
cession it has held since 1958. 
New Volvo registrations were 
up 12.1 per cent, compared 
with 23. per cent for aU new 
cars in Britain. 

In contrast, electronics dis- 
tribution lost £0.5 million 
compared with £13 million 
last year. A Lex subsidiary, 
Scfaweber Electronics, is the 
ihird-largest distributor of 
electronic components in the 

The bulk of the profit rise 
at the pretax level was due 
both to lower administration 
costs and interest charges. 
The proceeds from the dis- 
posal of its parcel-carrying 
and vehicle-hire businesses 
have enabled the group to 
reduce its net debt from 32 
per cent of equity at the end 
of December to 10 per cent 
six months later. - 

Financially, therefore. Lex 
.is very strong. Volvo is.a solid 

cash cow, but it would be 
unrealistic to expect it to 
continue to gain market share 
at the rate achieved in the 
first halt 

Lex’s performance now de- 
pends on a recovery in 
electro-components, «- 
pedal I v in the US, and this is 
not likelv to happen until 
1987. However, lower in- 
terest charges will enable the 
group to make £32 million 
pretax for the full year to 
December 1986. putting the 
shares on a prospective mul- 
tiple of 13 times this year’s 

Only investors with time 
horizons stretching into 1987 1 
and who are willing to bet on 
the electronic components 
recovery will find the shares 
attractive at these levels. 

David S Smith 

David Smith’s leap in pretax 
profits to £6.2 million from 
£1.05 million reflects the 
transformation of the group 
from a small Welsh packag- 
ing company to one of the 
largest paper and board 
manufacturers in the country. 

This year's figures will 
show another dramatic leap 
forward, as the St Regis 
acquisition makes its first 

Most of last year’s profit 
rise was due to acquisitions, 
including 12 months' 
contribution from Western 
Board Mills against five pro 
viously and 1 1 mouths from 

The existing Smith busi- 
nesses also boosted their 
turnover by 12 to 15 percent. 
Demand is rising steadily 

The thrust this year will be 
to utilize existing capacity 
rather than commission new, 
St Regis has spare capacity, 
including one comigater in 
mothballs. Capital spending 
will be about £10.5 million 
against £18 million, but £8 
million is for St Regis compa- 

Taxable profits this year 
should reach £18 million, 
putting the company on a 
prospective p/e ratio, assum- 
ing 35 per cent tax, of 1 5. The 
rating is not overly demand- 
ing against the sector. 

Although integrating St 
Regis will be a major task this 
year. Smith is still keeping an 
eye out for acquisitions which 
can fill gaps between its 
businesses. .... 


COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 

Put not your trust in 
Hattersley’s sums 

Quiet OMdftioiit throoghoot 
left rales barely changed tirom 
prewous position in the pen- 

©ptaisdc feefing, associated 
with * steadier pound rate 
against the US dolbi; hat 
there was no t— on gh b nrinrts 
n« mii. il. u, I to test the ararket seriously. 
WN.Hk taNHW 1 Local authorities seldom 
showed interest as borrowers. 

! BMMH% 

ClMrtng Banks 10 
Finance House 10 

Discount Market Loans % 

OwnUa High: 9ft Low7 


Hayna Sauna 

2 mnth SF*n 2 mnth 9™» 

3mnth-9% 3 mnth 9% 

and National We stmi n ster , a 
similar sum to S47p. 

The insurance composites 
made another firm start as 
they continued to rally after a 
bearish circular on the sector 
from L Messd, the broker, 
earlier this week. However, 
prices turned easier with the 
rest of the market, bat later 
rallied to d6se off the bottom. , 

Commercial Union slipped 
2p to 302p, General Accident 
Sp to 81 7p, after .81 4p, Guard- 
tea Royal Kwhuy 5p to 

• Scrimgeour Vlckere, 
the broker, rales Dee Gorp, 
down lp at 240p, a strong 
buy after figures this week 
showing pretax profits up 
29 per cent at £83 mSlion for 
(heyearto April 26. 
Scnmgeour says the shares 
have been overarid and 
look excellent value. Profits 
for this year are expected 
to soar to £207 mfflioD after 
recent acgu M Uo us . 

844p, Royal Insurance 3p to 
839p and Sun Affiance 5p to 
687pi Only London United 
Investments resisted the trend, 
rising by 6p to 413pL 
Sentiment among the insur- 
ance brokers still remained 
clouded by the reverberations 
at Lloyds. Hogg Robinson, 
which acgimter-a comrie of 
private estate agents earlier in 
the week, dipped2p to 31 3p.~ 
There were also losses in GE 
Heath 2p to 512p, JMJnet Ip to 
253p, PWS bteroatxmal 5p 
to 313p, Sedgwick 2p to 366p, 
wans Faber Sp to 414p and 
Stewart Wrigbtsoa 2p to 

To ensure they emerge from the 
next election as still the governing 
party, the Conservatives will need to 
dust off the old, three-part, winning 
formula: skilled communication of 
the Government's achievements to 
the mass of the electorate; judicious 
“bribing” of the voters through the 
pre-election Budget; and a penetrating 
rubbishing of the Opposition's plat- 
form promises. 

The last should not be too difficult: 
the signs are that the Labour Party 
grandees, like the Bourbons, have 
teamed nothing and forgotten noth- 
ings The Party, led by Shadow 
Chancellor Roy Hattersley, is moving 
towards a tax strategy which threatens 
to make Denis Healey's 1974 attempt 
to make the pips squeak look mild by 

The ^problem is that the tax haul 
allegedly waiting for Labour, if they 
are prepared to squeeze the rich, may 
be much smaller than they think- Mr 
Hattersley regularly comes up with a 
figure of £3.6 billion for the amount 
that the present Government has 
given away in tax to “the rich.” 

He recently defined the recipients of 
this Thatcherite largesse as the richest 
5 per cent of the population, that is, 
those with an income of more than 
£27,000 a year. Yet as recently as 
September he put the figure at 
£20,000. This discrepancy is faintly 
puzzling but the real mystery lies in 
the £3.obillion itself. The Institute for 
Fiscal Studies, in the latest number of 
its journal Fiscal Studies, examined 
the redistributive consequences of 
Mrs Thatcher. The total income tax 
“giveaway” to individuals on £20,000 
or more has been less than £750 
million, after taking account of 

The “giveaway” on capital taxes is 
more difficult to calculate but, on 
yield differences between now and 
1979 looks to be less than £1 billion, 
and probably not much more than 
£500 million. 

Thus, even if Mr Hattersley were to 
reverse tax changes undertaken in the 
past seven years, and, with Yorkshire 
cunning, limi t the impact to the top 5 
per cent of taxpayers, however de- 
fined, he would not get anywhere near 
his £3.6 billion. He might do well to 
rake in overfl billion. 

The painful truth is that Labour's 
tax plans would start to hit weU below 
the richest 5 per cent of the popula- 
tion. One plank in Labour’s platform 
is to remove the higher rate tax relief 
on pensions, mortgages and. other 
. allowable items. This would firing' in 
around £600 million in extra revenue^ 
but would start to affect sole earner - 
families as well as individuals, with an 
income of more than £1 7,200 a year. 

A second proposal is to remove the 
upper earnings limit for employees of 

national insurance contributions, 
which would bring in an extra £610 
million. Here too, the impact would 
be felt well below Mr Hattersley’s top 
5 per cent: it would hit anyone earning 
more than £285 a week, or £14,800 a 

Mr Hattersley has declared it his 
intention not to return to the very 
high marginal tax rates which pre- 
vailed between 1 974 and 1 979. On the 
basis of the sums he is putting together 
in Opposition, it would be wise not to 
put too much trust in that. 

No but. Minister... 

The Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission report on merging <5 EC 
and Plessey is with the Secretary of 
State, Paul Channon. If the MMC has 
recommended unequivocally that 
GEC should be free to bid again for 
Plessey, then the 'Minister has no 
authority to decree otherwise. Nor 
would there be any reason for delaying 
a public statement, unless Mr. 
Channon feels that a clearance would 
set out such a political explosion that 
he would be wise first to build up fire 
proof cover among his government 

The best informed guesses about 
the MMCTs recommendations are that 
it is a “Yes, but...” or more likely, a 
“No, but...” Each would require some 
positive thinking by Mr. Channon. 

A “Yes, but” means that there are 
strong arguments in favour of putting 
GEC and Plessey together but they 
weigh less than the Ministry of 
Defence’s passionate belief in the 
necessity of having two major con- 
tractors competing for defence work. 
It would be a poor reflection on the 
intellectual capacity of the Commis- 
sion panel if its members have 
swallowed the MoD’s line, which 
appears to have overlooked the feet 
that GEC and Plessey actually com- 
pete over a relatively small part of the 
military spectrum and to have been 
based on airy projections of the likely 
additional cost of defence procure- 
ment if a putative rival for the work, 
in the shape of Plessey, did not exist 

“No. but” would be more respect- 
able. It means that the MMC has 
accepted the case, including the 
arguments of the MoD, for Plessey’s 
continued independence, with the 
major proviso - that. GECs and 
Plessey’s . telecommunications 
buinsses should be {Hit together as the 
last hope for maintaining a significant 
British presence in this critical 

In the real world however, the only 
way of making one strong tele- 
communications business out of GEC 
and Plessey, if that is the received 
wisdom, is via GECs taking over 

Grand Mm 

Land Sac 
1*323) . 

Maries & Span 

SMI Trans 

Trafalgar House* 

104 130 
67 95 

40 65 

18 42 
33 43 
15 24 
5 13 

108 123 
63 80 

28 47 

— ' 3 

— 7 
80 — 

— 20 
— 12 

112 27 
77 50 

55 84 
53 4 

25 14 
20 40 

MWand Bank 


(M 05 ) 

vam Reefs 

160. 11 
180 4 

200 2 
300 55 

330 25 

360 10 

300 47 

330 21 

360 7 

90 12 

.100 6 

110 1% 

500 50 

550 18 

600 3 

460 37 

500 9 
550 2 

600 1 
.160 26 
180 12 
200 4 

550 10 

600 2 
650 114 

700 i% 
45 9% 

50 4% 
60 1 

17 23 3 7ft 11 

7 13 15 IS 21 

3 6 35 35 35 

63 — 1 2 — 

38 — 3 8 — 

20 — 20 23 - 

S3 60 1% 2)4 6 

29 40 6 9 12 

17 22 19 24 , 26 

19 25 4 ' 9 12 

12 » 10 12 18 

9 14 IB 20 25 

62 77 
28 42 

9 22 

48 65 

25 42 

10 20 
4 — 

-36 40 
20 28 
11 17 

2 9 17 

26 35 40 

70 75 80 
5 13 18 

20 33 40 
63 65 70 

113 113 — 

2 5 6 

7 10 12 

18 22 24 
24 37 43 

70 75 80 

120 122 124 
170 172 174 
1 2* 4 

2ft s*‘m 

10 11)4 12ft 

1 mnth 2jimth 

3 mnth 9M"n 6mnth 9»»9" 
Trade BMs (Discount*) 

Imnth 10>is 2 mnth 1014 

3mmb 10X 6 mnth 10'w 


Overnight open 10 dose 9ft 
1 weak 104% 6 mnth 10-954 

1 imth 10-954 9 mnth 10-9% 

3 mnth 10-994 12mth 104% 

Local Aotbo«9vDaoo«k*nU 

2 days9% 

Imnth 9% Sumtti 99t 

6mnth 9K 12iTith9% 

Local AaOurilir Bonds 04) 

1 mnthim£l&4 2 mutt 1094-10% 
Smith 1094-10% 6 mnth 1094-10% 

9 mnth 1094-10% 12mth 994-9% 

1mn^9"££“lr Smnth 9»is40«i 
6mnh 954-894 12mA 99MH4 

fin— rnsfKi) 

1 mnth &45-&4Q 3 mnth &45-&40 

6 mnth &45-&40 12mth 650*45 


7 days 6%-6’w 
Snwh 6 >i**»m 



be Been 


i-> nri ■■■•* 

p^= r ' ; 

tfiws- r - 

100 130 
65 95 
40 70 

28 52% 
40 - 

25 - 

16 23 
5% 13 

2 6 

95 38 
60 70 

— 120 

— 170 

54 3 

34' 12 
22 32 

— 2 

48 7 

29 20 

17 48 

— 25 
125- 40 
100 65 

80 100 

- 1 
- 1 

28 3 

17 12 
9% 30 

27 35 

50 57 

90 90 
14 20 

43 45 

85 85 

60 75 
85 100 

125 — 

175 — 

7 12 

16 22 

34 38 

fi - 
10 15 

24 28 

51 54 

35 — 

50 60 
80 65 

HO 115 

218 5 17 — 16 18 — 

220 — — 20 — — 23 

236 1 8% — 32 35 — 

240 — — 10 — — 38 

255 1 4 — 51 53 — 



Tr 1194% 03/07 

106 1»« 2% 
108 ft 1*ie 
110 »« 

114 5ft 

118 **n «*>• 

118 1»w 3% 

120 "» 2*m 

122 ft* 1ft 
124 % 1% 

Feb Mag Mm. Feb 

— ft — 
1ft ft 1ft 2’is 
14 ft 2ft 

— T a 1 7 » — 
5% ft 2 ‘m 
4’n I^m 3 4 

3*« 2 , » 4 5 

2ft 4’is 5»w 8% 

— 6’» 7 — 

7 days 4 a ie-4 ,l w 
3 mnth 4 ,s m-4*m 
F ren ch Fame 
7 days 7*16-7*16 
3 mnth 794-7% 
Swiss Ftane 
7 days 294*94 
3 mnth 4"w4*te 

7 days 4 54-454 
3 mnth 454-491 

cofl 7* 

imnth 6 *m**ib 
6 mnth 614-694 
call 54 

1 mnth 4 ,, i6-4*w 
6 mnth 4"i6-4*ta 
caH 7)4-6% 
1 mnth 7*w7*w 
6 mnth 7 7 i*-7 , 'rfl 
cal 2)4-1% 
1 mnth 4"wPi6 
6 mnth 

cal 494*94 
1 mnth 494-4ft 
6 mnth 4’*w- ,, w 


iN^S ) 


FT-SE 1550 2 40 60 TO ft. 18 28 35 

Index 1575 54 2645 60233238 45. 

(*1557) 1600 >4 18 32 48 48 50 57 60 

1625 % 9 22 37 73 73 78 82 

1650 ft 5 15 27 98 98 98 102 

1650 ft. 5 15 27 98 98 98 102 

lire ft 2 9 18 123 123 123 127 

1700 ft — — — 148 — — 

1750 K - - - 198 - - - 

.My 31. 1986 . Total contracts 15019. CMM8796. Pats 6223, nkxMrtytagsacartly pricu. 



Fixed Rate Sterling Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reference ran tor 
interest period June 4, 1986 to 
July 1,1986 inclusive: 9*24 per 

The management buy-out is now, more than ever, an increasingly popular 
alternative to corporate employment The advantages, after all, are clear 
enough. To the seller, a convenient, efficient and cost-effective way of 
shedding an unwanted business. To the buyers, the chance to go it alone with 
every prospect of very real reward. 

There; however, the simplicity ends. And, to potential candidates, a word 
of wanting. Expect no favours. 

The present manage ment will be supported by a battery of professional 
. advisors, many of whom, quite possibly, you’ve known and worked with for 
years. If your bid is to be successful, you and your colleagues, will need similar 
expertise of the highest calibre to plan, negotiate and implement your buy-out. 

Come to us. We’re one ofthe world’s largest firms of Chartered 
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every size (we’ve been successfully involved in over 70 in the past four years). 

We can help with finance, through our specialists in merchant banking 
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planning and resources, for the full weight of our ^ 









01-481 4422 

01-481 0313 



01-481 4000 


worldwide network is readily at hand 
And, when the time conies, we can 
help with flotation, be it a M listing 
or the USM. Most important of ^ 

all, our commitment to your new \ 

endeavour will be both continuous , 

and sustained. 

As a first step, send for our booklet 
■on Management Buy-Outs. It will help 
to establish whether a buy-out might be 
feasible, using our questionnaire to help 
you deride whether you’re a candidate. 

For your copy, call either Tony Herroq 
or Ian Mclsaac of our Corporate Finance 
Group on 01-353 8011. Or simply complete 
and return the coupon. 





* ☆ * * * ft 


EM Oner Cnga va« 


30. Hotsenw Rd. BoumemouHi BHfl SAL 

03*5 717373 tUflttna) 

G*l S Fuad 
l*Oft Ik Empty 
WorkMa Sand 
Amenun Growth 
Awn p»c*c 
A reas & Evk 
C apa Reserve 
Conm 5 Energy 

European Cspa) 



UK Growth Ik 
D o Accum 
US Breroxig Go's 
Equtas Proq*m 

MM Dunbar Contra Swkidon SHI TEL 
0733 610386 5 0793 28391 
fits Trust 218.7 3339 -»/ 

Growth A inc o me 131 1 130.8 -l 

firs Tniat 2187 3329 -J.7 

Growth A income 131 I 1M6 -II J 

Cadttl Trust 7SB 2*55 -’ll® 

Balanced 345J 3677 -3.0 331 

Aeon Trust 53*3 5090 -4.S 3.11 

Amancan Income 31.7 339* +5? *35 
Wgh ktoome TR 2*4.6 2805 -20 4.77 

EqukV Income 13*8 1*33* -03 «ff 

Hlghvuu 1391 1481 -16 553 

GovT Sacs Trust 303 31 2 -or 9.23 

aamanmi 023 B75» + 0.6 ow 

Jinn Fird II 8.0 1235 +05 001 

PaoXc Trust 1708 181 M +07 098 

Amp Em Sts 6*5 687 *02 1« 

Secs 01 Amar Tit 2101 223.7 +03 8 

Aid Asset Value 2212 2355 -15 S 

Grit Growth 37.8 33 7 -012 

SiiUMr CO S 1165 12*5* +02 2 

2nd SmaSer Cos 1534 1833 -0 1 2 

Recovery Trust 81.1 88.4 -0.1 ! 

Mel Mn 1 Cmdty 701 81 0 -03 2 

Oiaas Earnings 178* 187.9* -15 3 

Tecnrakny T» 850 905 +05 C 

inconwuamot 122.6 i» 0 * -05 8 

Exemot Smalm CO'S 2209 2+26 +03 2 

USA Exempt Thai 335S 355.B +15 1 


131. FtnsOury Pavement. London EC2A 1AY 
01-828 9876 01 -280 8540/1/2/3 
Caranri Grown toe 500 820 +08 1 

do Accum 6+0 eaa +o.7 i. 

Eastern & tnti 1372 1407 +04 0 

Capo* Grown toe 500 620 +08 1.71 

DO Accwn 6+ 8 603 +0.7 1.71 

Eastern & tun 1372 1407 +04 (LSI 

Do 6*+ VWMrewal 735 786 +02 081 

Finance A Piooerty 64.1 605 +02 2IB 

(Ml A Faed income *07 512* +02 768 

Do Atom 815 85.7* +0.3 756 

Equoy income 7+6 79.7* -03 *81 

THo Accum 17*3 ISO** -05 *51 

HOI Trad Income 7*8 JOB -06 748 

Do Accum 1962 3006 -16 748 

tod Income 7+.T 79 M -06 237 

Do Accra" 766 81.9* -08 327 

Da 5*. WMtmnvf 604 742* -05 227 

Manaaeo Fund 80 f 613 +08 _ 

Pnrterence meoma 29 6 318* j>53 

DoAccum 95.8 HBftte 953 

Smarier Co x Accum 130-1 139 1 -03 I To 

Wortd penny SKrn 9.7 1038 +02 072 

FMtofciTsiUK 753 7798 +07 164 

PomoM TB Japan 104 4 10918 +07 OW 

Pwltaba Tst US 678 TOftB -08 1 11 

Pemoko TM Euope 1078 11148 -0.3 0« 

PortfOM fat HA *05 *158 -02 010 

3. GWtimbS St EortJurtel EH3 BYY 
031-225 2581 iD&Hers. 031-226 6066) 


Hxjtl Trad Income 
Do Accum 
Ml Income 
Do Accun 
Da 5*- MMMnuf 
Managed Fund 
Pnrterence meoma 
Do Accum 

ma Ej aa 

Juan Ex (43) 

UK Ex Oil 
Psal Pens M 
Psal Pens UK 
BG Amanca 
BG Ewyy 
BG moorna Qfwth 
BG Japan 
BG Tnc r m o mgy 

429 1 4*7 88 
*362 455-t 
233.6 2603 
448J) 471.6 

199.0 209 6 

166.0 176 68 
13*7 1*3* 

+00 142 

1090 201 18 -1 I 5.33 
2013 21*3 OOO 

1*50 15*58 -1.0 080 


25/36 AJDarmarte Swat London Wix *A0 

01-491 0295 

American 47.7 51.1 +0 3 078 

Amftatat 16 1 173 -02 326 

Japan 6 General 111 8 U96 +010.17 

Huh me o ma *45 *7.6 -0.1 747 

tnumaeonal That 7* D 792s 107 

meoma Gin Tat +50 *B2e -04 *25 

GAs A Fixed Ini £93 21.68 -011088 

GM»al Markers 303 357 2.10 

Spoon Sttumons 37.7 404 -02 1 62 

Uncon House. 252. Random Rd E7 
01-534 5544 

835 892 +07 

Aust Accum 1117 11B0B -15 

Do income 798 848* -1.1 

Captf 672 7148 -0.6 

Exempt Trust 414 4 4408 -22 

Extra Income 735 7Bi -03 

financed 2258 2385 -1 0 

500 261.4 2780 -04 

General 1335 1425 -08 

Gte A fixed me 540 57 6 

Jaoan A Gan Me 1668 177.4 +1.1 

Do Act IBS 7 179* +10 

Grown Accum 1711 1841 -10 

Meoma Tool 3190 3393* -18 

Lmure Trust 790 frsd -02 

Special Somons 1370 1+S7 -03 

Recoverv 1688 200.5 -00 

Trustee Fund i033 1098* -07 

Unw Teen Accun 498 510* +01 

Do krone 48.* 528* +0 1 

WorkhMda Tniat 1452 154*8 +17 

'S' Tit Mv Fund Ace 3148 3348 

Do Me 2040 2170 


PO Box 156. Bedamham. Kant 8R3 ■ 
01-650 900? 

EquBy Incoma 
Growth A Irtc 
Japan Special 
Japan Sunrise 

Fra Europe 
Feat Japan 
first N Amer 

5*7 SO* 
550 59.3 
5*0 590 
1168 1240 
806 65.1 
1016 1088 
92.1 964 
1011 1098 
878 930 
489 5108 

First Smaller Cos 628 672 

10 Fencnucn St London EC3 
01-623 8000 

-OS 080 
-04 030 
-03 580 
+06 090 
-00 230 
-1.0 030 
-04 030 
+05 080 
-08 030 
+01 270 

Planned Mr 
European me 
Dp Accum 
General Me 
Da ACasn 
G* V<8d IK 
Do Accun 
Hx* VMd Ik 
D a Accun 
Japan income 
Do Accun 
N American Ik 
D o Accun 
Pnofc meoma 
DO Accun 
Smar Cos Ik 
D u Accum 

127 5 1357 -04 183 

872 916* +01 130 
1075 1126* +01 120 
1527 1623* +18 283 
2002 231 3 +2.1 283 

1133 1167 -01 044 

1628 186.1 -02 8.44 

846 900* *02 563 
1684 1792 +04 563 

2*6.7 2600 +04 010 

2405 2618 +04 010 
410 521 +03 0 56 

S B 604 
9 137.4 

Do Accun 1474 15*6 +03 021 

Smar Cob Ik 763 833 +02 169 

Du Accum 927 86 7 +03 1 69 

7+-7B Fraouv Pavement London EC2A 1J0 
01-568 2777 Dee kn gOI-638 0+78/9 MoneyGUda 

Grown G4 t 595 60 +c 041 

mu Recovery 1023 109.1 -0 4 271 

Smaller Cos 1410 1510 +07 129 

Uh Qrowm 38 5 389 -04 224 

Extra me S3* 570* -05 786 

G4I 260 27*8 -0,1 7.77 

me 6 Grown 190.7 2034 -2* 408 


Bd Otter Cnga Y8M 

UBS 1236* -03 971 
024 882* -05 504 
1920 2055c +1 4 473 
147 8 1 572 +04 142 

47 0 50 5 +0 1 327 

1«L9 1078 -04 1S7 

818 861 183 

701 73.0 109 

926 085 +20 129 

131.1 1 4038 -1 3 303 

BOB B60 -00 

952 1023 -03 1 7B 

1366 1488 -03 104 

538 572 -06 fl« 

1613 2008 -14 338 

63.1 67.1* +0.1 218 

k*t tap me 
Prof Shores 

test ,, 

GtK S Gen 
Mt La sue 
Prop snares 


Amer Grown 
Amer income 
Amer Smaller Go a 

188-7 2012 

16.4 19.6 
1081 1152 

45.4 *8.4* 
143 1548 
105 17 6 
882 720 
390 4228 
392 410* 
901 951 
559 607 

21.5 2298 
57.7 61 5 
153 153 
456 51 8 
233 254* 
3SS 380 
754 BIS 
158 172 
80.4 840 
6*.7 67.7 

-20 *04 
-02 300 
-03 218 
-01 052 
-0.4 101 
-0.4 1.75 
+0.1 000 
-02 380 

-06 £00 
+03 021 
-01 007 

+0.1 10 1 

. Parrymount 

37. S 391 -01 288 

1159 12*88 +02 276 
153 * 1633 -0 1 248 

61.1 85* -0.1 216 

751 81 0 -02 244 

176 4 187.9* -15 216 
MO 90S +05 0£B 

1220 1300* +00 60S 

aimer Go's Acs 
Do Income 
Htgn income 

Mftn PterfOriO IK 
Do Aec 

Rd. Haywards hash 

1221 1317 -07 272 

229.7 2*7.0 

1478 1680 +01 095 

6+.D 059 -0.7 585 

740 796 -02 495 

589 ease -1.0 22* 
893 1052e -07 

588 020* -03 134 

854 9+0 +18 022 


The Sax* E xrte mge London EC2P 2JT 
01-588 2888 

General Inc HI 
Do Accun (4 
Incur iw Fund R 
Do Accun H 

ma met?) 

Do Accun J2 
Smaaer me CST 

Do Accun 19 

909.1 2190 
33+ 4 3515 
1000 1054 
1750 1850 
1288 1327 
167.6 1755 
£1138 1208* 
0212 1204* 


I2S. Wgn HQtxtrn. London WC1V 6PY 

01-3*2 1146 ' 

CS Japan Fund 851 B08 +0.1 024 

1. Orymuc way. WamUey. HA9 ONB 
01-90 8876 



For Eas 

Worth American 




2726 2900* +28 206 
3188 338 BW +26 407 
2020 2150 -03 031 

1473 1557 -03 088 

*7.1 50.1* —04 180 
*98 527 +02 100 

57.B 818 -0.1 080 

PO Box 651 Baris Marie* London EC3 7JQ 
01-621 0011 

Caattal 3957 3815 +06 ISO 

krone 2700 2962 -26 *01 

North American 2806 3002 -15 087 


1. Mm W4Mnt St. EC4N 7AU 
01-623 631* 

Ot-623 6314 
G* Trust 

1057 1100c -041000 

2 Fore Street. London EC2Y 5AO 
01-568 I8T5 

Mr FuM *1336 *00 

Fixed mt 147.0 • 9 -73 

DapoM 1000 900 

2 Fora Street. London EC2Y 5AQ 
01-588 1815 

Meoma 38089 ' • 403 

Accun £100441 

DapoM KXLO 980 


Narro w Ram Bdstoi BS2 OJH 

0800 313333 

Amor Growth 228 240 +0.1 ISO ^ 

Eowv Hgh krone 410 43.7 -0 1 +jo 1 

European Grown 2SB 200 +03 200 ! 

General Equity 37.4 390c -Of 270 : 

Git & Fixed UK Gr 280 31 3 c -Ol 320 

Gn 8 Rued Me 24.6 250* 850 

Index SaartM 252 250 230 

Japan Growth 33.1 353* -4.1 090 

161. dm*. London EC2V 6BJ 
01-728 1990 

Emm TruS *20 450 +02 301 

Extra Income 1570 1ff7 0c -08 583 

Fmanctd 1652 1757* -02 101 

G*t Strategy 56.1 570 1.73 

Grown hnesment 28+0 281.7* -10 278 
meoma & Growth 380 *13c -05 489 

Ja r an ro a 5 Pacific 177 7 1890 +1.6 063 

Nm Amer Groerin 1D1.9 1083 -0 1 006 

M Rocnvary 1059 1128* -04 1.81 

&naker Co s 2075 220.7 158 

GkmelmeTM 858 S9.1* 565 

ipani SK Aec 274.1 3915 -1.1 1.72 

crown Home. WoMg GU21 1XW 
0*882 5033 

Mon krona Trim 2313 247.4 -20 

Growth Trim 2120 2257* -20 
American Trust 12&7 <368* -00 


RWum. Surrey RH2 BBL 

07372 42424 

UKGrowh Acoan 


aan Grown 

: Grown 

*83 513 
450 Sl.l 
*80 Sl.l 
817 65.1 

-02 243 
-02 243 
+00 103 

4. MaMa Ctaaean. Bkneugh 
031-226 3492 

Amancan Fund 70.7 790 +03 203 

Casual Futd 93.4 090 +02 1.70 

Grower 6 me PuK 127.7 1308c -04 439 

Mgn Om Fund 1050 1133 598 

ma w n ai ioii M fuw 1913 2045* +03 1 10 

Rasourcati Fum 190 200 -02 048 

Soar jap Go's Fnd 37 1 380 -1.0 . . 

Tokyo Fund 1720 1840* +04 OOO 

(EX) Amor p) 1438 1454 308 

(Ext Japan |3) 1)25 1160 . OIS 

(Ex) NoK (41 2830 2930 -04 03* 

ffix) sraxaer Jap (4) 220.1 2273 +12 0.10 

E*pfuU 258 275* +04 384 

Bath Road. Cnmanhem. OkMeastar OLS3 7LQ 
0242 521311 

UK BaianoK Me 660 710* -03 2*7 

Do Accun 87.8 723* -03 243 

UK Growth Accun 809 885 1-92 

UK Mff! He me 632 674 -03 53* 

N Amencan Accun 64.8 880* +07 08* 

Fat Ganun Accun 975 i0*-0* +0T 0.15 

European Accun 755 80S* +15 083 ! 

UK GW A R me 540 57 5* -01 18 

Da Accun 557 594* -0.1 BOO 

Admm Conan. Hexagon House. 25 Wenam 
Road. RanMrd RM13LB 

Endurance 1064 1UI 51* 

35 Fountain SL Mrnd w kr 
061-236 5685 

Eoixtshla Mean 720 76 7 -06 339 

European Accum 

uk Gn a n me 

Do Accun 


DM Ofler Cnge Yvdd 

Hrgn krone TVuxt 74.6 71* -04 5.17 

OK A fixed kit 527 56.1* 8*5 

Tat Ol Imr Trims 58.7 63.6c 286 

Spaa* Stt Trim 7*0 79.7 -0.4 239 

Nth Am* Trust 570 61 7 +02 1 74 

Fw Eastern Trust 822 8750 +02 087 

ms Grown 480 524 +04 1.08 


St Gauge H&a Gsrpgraogn SL Coventry CVl 

mm 50323) 

UK Growth Accum 143) 1520 -1.7 386 

Do krona 1242 1321 -15 386 

Hmhir Me Accun 2380 294.1 -20 403 

Do krone 1823 ms -14 403 

Grid/ftM Accun TO) J 1080 -ft 2 287 

Do rntroe 887 91.7 +0.1 287 

Mn Amor Tr Accum 1309 1890 +0.1 032 

Fw Earn Tst Accun 1524 1563 -13 087 

Euro Tn Accun 1480 1583 +32 103 

Genent Trust 2280 2448 .10 209 

South East Asia Tat 204 3013 -03 048 

Spactal Stt 1550 1710 +00 008 

01-638 5898 

Amancan Brempt £3560 3638 1.60 

Japtei ExamM C+293 4430 002 

Am Property Tit SI 07890 • 500 

Property Trust £20320 SJ» 

a London MU Bugs. London MU. London 
01-028 5181 

Am* A Gati me 2258 2*02 -IO 082 

Do Accum 2300 2*5.4 -1.0 082 

Amor Tumamd MG 2022 2130* +0.4 1.18 

Da Accum 2090 2230* +04 1.18 

CaaM Tat tec 2050 2100 +04 106 

Da Accun 2*58 2824 +00 103 

Con* & G* Inc 880 920* .. 530 

DO Accun 1154 1226* +00 530 

Extra me TM Me 1574 1814* +58 44S 

Do ACCUM 1706 IBM* -04 449 

meoma Trust 1152 123.6 430 

Do Accun 122.4 130.D . . 430 

H Growth Fa be 1600 17M -00 

Do Accun 1702 1054 -05 . . 

Jooan A Gan Inc 8&D 938 -O0 aos 

no Amen 890 9*0 nits 

Monthly Mean* Fd 81.0 BOO* +02 *02 
Recovery 1320 1410* +0.4 185 

Da Accun 14*4 1530* +06 1.86 

Euaoesn Ik 570 814 +08 091 

Do Accun 670 814 +00 001 

Do Accun 144.4 1530* 

Eunpesn me S73 81.4 

Oo Accun 670 814 

P MMwi End. Dartdna. Surrey 
0308 885055 

FP EqiXty DM 1900 2028 

Do Accum 3180 3373 

FP Fixed M Dtt 1130 121.1 

DoAccum 129.7 1370 

B M wenMWp Dtt 165.7 1750 

DO Accun 171.1 1810 


Pub*c Trustee Kngsmy WC2 

01-405 4300 

Capital 3510 3624 

Grots Me T«92 1524* 

High Yield 2158 2213 

an Boor. 5 Devonshire I 
01-283 2S7S Owing 01-1 

. London EC2M 4YJ 

UK Cap Rid Me 943 1000* -13 800 

DO Accun 135.7 1452 -08 300 

krona find 780 8*4 -02 510 

Panaon Exany* 1058 173.7* -00 100 

ITOT W klW 1650 1757 +13 000 

US 8 Grmtrral 580 600 <#4 000 

Term A Growth 610 650 -310 100 1 

Japan A General 2*80 2653 -1.1 000 

Far East S Gwi 1100 1180 -00 040 

Banpaan Fund 2370 28*0 +30 040 

Germany Fund 827 87.1 +10 100 | 

2 Si Mkay Ax*. London EC3A BBP 
@1-623 1212 QeWkia DV623 5706 DeWna 01-623 ! 

870 94.1 +00 000 

183 17.4 -03 039 

5*0 580c -02 108 

*78 51.1b -00 105 
458 520 -04 1 8? 

480 525 +09 035 

-03 150 

+00 000 

01-623 121! DeWng 010285786 Daring 01-023 

Amancan htn 870 94,1 +00 000 

Australian Thar 183 17.4 -03 039 

Brum TR Accun 6*0 580c -00 108 

Do Oat 478 51.1 b -0.6 1JS8 

CnmnwMy Snare 458 520 -04 1 82 

Eixopi*! Ynat 49.0 525 +09 035 

Extra Mcuna Dmt 454 487 -03 580 

Far Eastern Trial 1840 1434 +06 000 

Fixed NnS nm 280 270* -Ol 979 

GW Thai 257 270* -0.1 849 

□MM Fund Accun 1725 183.8 +10 000 

Do Dot 1843 1750 +2JJ O 0 D 

Grrtd Snare Thor 10.7 11.4 -00 280 

Hedged American 290 31.7 +03 510 

tfcUi k ro ne Trust 137.1 1*58* -4.T 550 
Hong Kong Tnat 270 290 +00 085 

krone Fund 725 77.7c -10 3 3* 

Maumee Agencies £*581 4505* -008 106 

Japan Trust 149.1 1557* +10 OOO 

Managed Exempt 2858 2757 -2* 277 

Ok A Energy That 303 305 150 

Soaotl Stt Trust 920 858 -0.1 079 

UK Smtr Cs Rac TR 713 754 -03 1.43 

MhnUiester Hat, 77. London Wad, London EC2N 

01-988 9620 

ma Growth 757 941 a +0.4 104 

Amancan Grown 610 668* -«2 00* 

American Mr S84 773 +0.4 548 

European &pw«i 2058 22*3 +3.7 8.2© 

GM A Mkiarws 330 363* -05 107 

japan Grown 1S90 1774a +10 

Managed Exempt 2850 2757 
OB A Energy Thai 303 325 

757 941a +0.4 104 
610 655* -512 00* 
. 884 713 +04 548 

2058 22*3 +3.7 ».2© 

330 363* -08 107 
1600 1774a +10 


ffiSsW 8, - K3Pa0N 

Gh A Fixed kx 1214 1250 -00 578 

Growth Equity 1864 2050 -00 209 

GuertkW 275.8 2857 -20 209 

N American 13*7 1*53 +13 100 

Pedie 2320 3*60 -10 513 

Property Store 2750 2057* +70 209 

Sm**or Comptekaa 207.8 221.1 -05 1.78 

European Treat 2380 2510* +00 M3. 

- Weakly 
Bid Offer Chga YieM 


-1.7 386 
-IS 386 
-20 403 
-10 403 
-«0 287 
+51 287 , 


+32 103 I 
-10 289 I 

PO Box 4*2. 3? St 

01-623 3333 
Hiqn meoma 500 5*3* +57 80S 

NAtMT TraS 1003 1067 -1 1 050 

Recovery 802.1 215.1 237 

at Tnat *50 413c +00 57B 

St vmcant h 857 853 +08 54B 

St vmcem US an 757 759 -1 8 575 

Temple Bar Sm Co's 1754 i8S0* 314 

Tarrplo Bw «M 3551 3857 -382 202 


Prettw UT Admin. 5 RavWch Rd. Ora ntwiod 

0277 21T918 

ranoros 3n*r Com 1351 1353 s -o.i 1 90 
HMKOS N Amer 677 720 +0.1 092 

H«Ura Jap 6 F E 1220 1290 +04 048 

Handra ficushn 7U 880* 09? 

HatKroa European 924 853 +20 004 

Hamm cananan 478 505 +52 188 

Hu ttos Equriy tac 821 B70 -00 489 

Ha nttoa IHIM 560 B25 - 0.1 5.80 

HaatttH Rn Ana 5 iS 355* 287 

Kmewe me Stt 488 61 7 + 0.1 097 

Prenear UT Admmwretton 5 Rayteigti Rd. Huttm 


I. Laurence Poway HR. London EC4R OSA 

01-823 *880 

US Smaler Co t 753 730 -58 008 

Cafktal Ftmd 101 0 108 1 -10 04* 

krone Fum 77.1 B25 -08 4.78 

For Eastern FuK 754 BO 7 -00 033 

Ovenaas krona 87 7 725 +51 303 

Fixed Mares 57.7 BL8 900 

Natural Has find 3*8 309 405 

Euopem meoma 730 853 +07 305 


S*. Gkteflow G2 2PA 

0*1-332 3132 

Balanced GOi Ik *31 450 1.80 

Op Accun 438 *05 

Moon* Gin Inc 388 *20 500 

Do Accun 418 4* 0 

Serna Go's me *7.D 500 100 

Do Accun 47.4 508 

Htver wxh. T ontxldoa TWB 1DY 
*0732 382222 

Amancan 1008 1078 +08 573 

Amer EquBy income 322 348* -5i 4 80 

Amer Special Stt 488 510 +51 1.74 

Far East IK 3*0 354 -0.1 80* 

GRAFlxedmt 31.1 324* .. 906 

Grown A krona 953 1020 +08 473 

Japan SpecteJ SW *32 484 +00 

Japan Tnat 141.7 1524* +27 .. 

Managed M tr 1380 1*60 +09001 

Max meoma Eoaky 787 84.7 *02 581 

330 358 

+4.1 002 I 
+04 048 

+20 004 | 
+52 188 I 
-56 489 
-51 5.80 

.+0.1 007 I 

EtuRy DttrfDuHIM 283.1 281.4 

DO ACDItn 411.1 4397 

DoAccum 411.1 4397 

Do krone Sa® bu>* 

Bmmw 6B0 738* 

Fw Eastern . 109.7 1170 

GM Trial 7B0 84.6 

M Managed 770 828* 

Nawal Has «b hi 

N American That 740 800* 

UN Speer* Stt 828 680* 

-21 207 
-32 237 
-56 5.16 
+10 18? 
+04 001 
+52 602 
+04 10? 
-00 214 
.. 185 
+53 103 

Reg n uara DDL GartnrWhvSan. Worthing. W 



Balancafl 1751 1880 -10 328 

DO Accun 3136 3354 -37 328 

Energy InS 4&8 322 +53 2.49 

00 Accun 930 57.8 +53 249 

Extra Income 1480 -56 540 . 

■ Do Accun smr 2090 -1.1 540 I 

German GM Me 820 800 +1.7 0.12 j 

DO Accun 620 653 +1.7 0.12 ; 

Income 2558 2770 -00 «Jffl 

Oo Accun 5110 547 J_ . -10 4 . 1 s 

M Tech 174.1 I860 +10 547 

Do Accun 1810 1844 +10 047 

. W0 .890. +53 002 

8*0 851 +53 002 

1051 107.0* +53 009 
RWO 1150* +53 009 ; 
123.1 1380 +10 517 

Japan Grown .840.890. +53 502 

Do Accun 840 851 +53 502 

N Amer A GBP 1Q5! 107.0* +53 009 
DoAewm 108.0 1150* +53 009 

Padfks Basn tail ma +10 517 
ft) Accum 13*0 144.1 +10 0.17 

Smarter Cob A Rac 1855 2010 +03 1.92 

Do ACCurn 2110 2250 +00 1.92 

VHUUMde amti 1930 2070 +10 091 

□o ream Z727 291 1 +28 091 

UK Growth Fund 451 492 -52 107 

MMadi Park. Error EX5 ids 
ran 92155 

GanerR Tru» *18 **B -53 300 

Meoma That 353 359 -51 538 

Mtemaaon a i Treat 3S0 351* +04 970 

Amartoai 320 342 +02 200 

Japan 450 482* +02 100 

That «K kw 251 351 +51 240 


Bus Oder Qigo vmd 

Mery-af-Hk, London EG3P 

Do Accun 
Racovary Trial 
Caonai Grown me 
do Accun 
meoma Assets 
financial Tnat 
krone A Growth Ik 
D o Accun 
wan meoma That 
Extra krone 
SmoUar Coe Dhr 
OK Trail 

Rxad Interest Trial 

Euro Smattr CDS 
Jjpxn Trust 
jRHm Spectel Stt 
S in ga p ore A Matey 
Norm Amancan 
Amer trader Cos 
Amer Roomy TM 
High meoma Exempt 
Snuffer OM Exe mpt 
Euro Exansa _ 
Jxpxn Exempt (5) 

N Amer 


s>9 , n swiy sa 

> 970 1030* +1.1 272 

1820 1940 +57 30* 

1252 1332* +57 0.7S 

1160 1230* -. 103 

358.6 3810 -55 209 

290 304* . 548 

43.7 453 -51 748 

<23 602 -0.3 523 

805 85.7 -0.7 4.77 

1170 1250* +02 221 
340 362* +02 025 
256 357 +04 272 

1790 1900 . 3.0® 

887 9*4 +54 100 

9*4 1050 +10 246 


32 Queen Aimes Gam. Lontmn 8W1H SAB 
01-223 1000 

M Bril A CTiaes 1280 1360 +00 1.7D 

ia me Plus 560 SB0 .9.70 

Bl CtepW Grearih 548 94 +00 200 

kw ttW nt IW FW 05.1 880 +51 840 

20. Fendruch SL Lpodon ECS 
0V6Z3 8000 

Amu Grower me 830 858* +OJ 

Do Accun 851 680 

Fond Inv TR OK 190 210 

Do Accum 251 259 

Men Ykrtd he i?i 6 1290 +OJ 

Do Accun 2026 2130 +1.4 

bit Hncpwry Me m3 1070 +OJ 

DoAccum 18)57 1130 +0-4 

Japan Growth tec 1030 1094 -0! 

Da Accun 1030 109.8 -0J 

Snorter OP'S IK 1600 1751 +0.” 

DP Accun 2090 221.1 +5+ 

UK Eq Growth Me 870 290c *OJ 
Da Accun 400 480 +OJ 

WtvMwkte Tach hK 351 41.7 

DoAccum 354 420 

Pretty House, Cap9aH AM. EC2R 7BE 
01-SH 2800 

teCOn* Fund 4480 4S20C 

(nwmeeonei 3 Gan 2390 2440 




•30 Ml 
+70 IBS 
+0.12 108 
+55 041 
-57 522 
-51 022 
-52 007 
+39 4.17 
+009 4.17 
+20 348 
+20 348 
+27 3.77 
+505 3.77 

+55 206 
+500 206 
+23 431 



Thee Quays. Tower I 
01-828 4588 
Amer 8 Gen Me 
Da Accun 
Amer Rerarery 

Da Accun 

Am Smarter Coe 
Do Accun 
Awt S Gen tee 
Da Accun 
Comm 8 Gen iK 
Da Apeun 
Compound Grown 
Cunrersen Grown 
Da me 

Dnndena Find ti 
Dp Accun 
European A General 
Do Accun 
Extra Yield Ik 
D o Accun 
Far Eastern Me 
Do Accun 
Fund Ol bw tec 
Dd Acc 

General inco me 
Oo Accun 
GN A fixed ira 
Do Accun 
Gem Incoma 
Do Accun 
Mi mcomo IK 
Do Accun 
Ml Grown Me 
Do Accum 
me Me ik 
J apan A Gen Ik 
D o Accum 
Japan smaasr Ace 
Mkfand 8 Gtei IK 
Do Accun 
Recovery FuK Me 
Do Accun 
Second Gen me 
Dp Accun 
Smavr Cos Me 
Do Accum 
Trustee Fum me 
Do Accun 
CharfeoM me (3) 

DO ACCutn (31 

Chtedimd kic BI 
Do Accun (2) 
Psnsxrn Exuki (11 

Do Accun 


11 . DevonAini Sq. London EC2U *VH 

01-423 4273 

Eauny Exwiw 391 3 4DB0 -10 212 

Da Accun 4902 5173 -23 212 

UK UarkR Features 750 799 -51108 

Do Accun 773 823 106 

Japan Pw+umance l«2 1455 +54 501 

Dd Accun 1*07 iso 1 +04 001 

US Spectel Featuuo 854 700 -51 020 

DoAccum 651 712 030 

□ou a Precxrus MR 380 428 +53 139 

Do Accum 457 +03 1.39 

US $MCX* IK 560 613* -02 400 

Oo Accun 810 664* +12 400 

EunrptHn Pert Me 821 873 + 1.8 102 

Da Accum 82 2 674 + 1.8 102 


99-105 Sxmffng Hd. tlRdOWrii. New ME14 1XX 

0622 674751 

MLA General 320 330* -52 220 

MLA Mtematmti 520 65.1 006 

MLA GU (Ml 220 240c -501544 

MLA Income 454 428* -57 524 

MLA European 287 354 +0.4 5B2 



Growth Untt 71.7 762 20* 

GOI A fixed Int 111 9 1108 732 

Mgh Moorna Unw 1157 117.8 509 

Hon Yield Gfl lint 560 580 803 

Inti Grower Untt 1250 1343 0.42 

N Amncsti Untt 700 744* 5*5 

Fw East Unite 9*0 99 0* 013 

Srnasar Cos find 856 750 100 


Uncom He*. 252 Romkjrd Rd. E7 

01-23* 55*4 

Mencap 1320 140* -05 400 

33. Kbm Wttm 9t BC4R BAS 

Amer Growth 9*8 1008 

Do Accum B86 1040 

Da Accum 
Euepean Grown 
Do Accun 
Do Accun 
Gat 6 Rxad 
Do Accun 


DP Accum 
Interna t io na l 
Do Accun 
Do Accun 


Do Aaaxn 
Exempt DIM 
Ermmpi Accun 

9*8 1058 
B86 1043 
553 510 
526 566 
1240 1327c 
1251 1352c 
2356 2500 
3820 4072 
850 89.1 
99.4 1054 
812 863 
897 954 
2370 2S20* 
2940 3133* 
1820 1930 
1863 1851 
193.8 2051 
2056 2251 
2233 2352* 
3413 351.8* 


CDuhMDPd 1N5 Steer SL Head. SMBMd 81 3RD 
0742 769842 

CterM Mconm 743 752* -53 260 
Do Accun 101.1 1070* -04 250 

Ccmnttlty ft Gan 1000 1086 -58 232 

DO ACCum 1410 1500 -59 332 

ExM Hxfll tec 570 61.4* -50 70S 

DoAccum - 67.1 710* -00 705 
or* 5 fixed Me S45 560 -00 589 

Do Accun 890 930 -00 599 

X yield 1506 T858 -56 509 

'Accum 2561 2730 -1 0 509 

Exha H0i tec 
Do Accum 
« 5 fixed Me 
Do Accun 

X Yield 
Do Accum 
Jaotei ft Padfc 
Do Accun 
N American Me 
Do Accun 
Euro GM Me 
Do Accun 
Dna i a Cos Me 
Dd Accun 

WSJ 1757c -10 377 
2890 287.8c -10 377 
ZB* 4 3030 *0.7 509 

2851 3150 +CL7 009 
109.4 1180 +57.138 

131.1 1390 +06 139 

1151 1227 +20 1.16 

1351 1473 +20 1.15 

1120 1194* +0.4 216 
1190 1270* +00 219 


185 Hope Street Glasgow 02 2UH 
0*1 221 5252 

American 1104 123.1c +59 209 

European 237.5 2530 +40 1.09 

Smarter Cos 2057 2227 +10 108 


45 Gracecnurdi Sl EC3P 9WI 
OT-623 4200 Ext 268 

NP1 UK 1824 2058 -07 260 

Do Accum 3123 3323 -13 200 

NPI Oversets 5670 604.1 +47 5M 

Do Accum 6620 7359 +57 070 

Ftir EaR Aec B58 912* -03 0.1G 

Amancan Ace STS fli 3* +00 1.30 

European Acc 900 530 + 1 0 000 

VtorkMOa ACC 487 51.9 +04 1.40 


Bm Char Qigo Yield 

PO Box*. NOnmenNRI 3NG 
0603 622200 

OduoTiun Ell 62 1233 -009 305 

IK Trust 12*5)311 +07 131 

68. Carmen Street Lgndui EC*N 6AE 
dealings 01-236 3865/6/7/80/0 
(ntwnaooral Growth 1308 1*53* +0.8 147 
Income A Grown BO 5 8*6 -03 2K 

WondWda Rec 621 370 +06 1 73 

American Growth 326 340 -01 000 

Japan Grown 514 657 +00 107 

Guooevn Grown 610 653* +11 0.18 

UK Orowm 620 555 Ort 

Paohc Growth 533 570 000 


M oner Cngc v *nl 

■ ■ — (ujtewS 

Practical Mconw 
Do Agqibi 

330 354* +0.1 701 
526 550 _ 217 

953 1013 +21 21? 


2S2. Hmh Hoteom. WC1V 7EB 
01-405 8*41 

Growpi Fum am 
Do Accum 
income Fust 
ini Equay me 

Da Accun 

B53 Stt 9 
1328 Ml .1 
1170 1250 
1250 1339 
1253 1339 
1230 1310 
2119 227 6 

-03 210 
-03 2.T0 . 
-00 375 1 
+02 105 ! 
+02 126 I 
-as 20 * 1 
-10 204 1 


45 Han StittL Hanley On ThameA 

0*81 576868 


2621 2824 
1664 1990 
147.0 157.8 
680 730 
756 6*4 
74.1 790 

S&0 60.1 

+10 0.79 
-07 4 40 
+1 7 1.35 
+00 0.72 
*1.1 009 
-a* ago 
+17 145 


W u ui U DOrwl 1120 1207 +00 033 

Htti Income 599 B4.0l -03 *28 

Can 6 OR 900 1030 +0.1 5.84 

Far Eastern 1770 1890 *10 *60 

Norm Amancan 1264 1355 +07 0.B7 

Spbob) SB 584 721a +04 100 

Teclmdogy 1073 1154* +03 022 

Extra Ireorna 860 820* -0.1 4.76 

51-65 ttxd HA. Nod Eaaex. IG1 2DL 
01-478 3377 

Hartxxn Equty 3840 4055 -30 335 

European 930 S57 +10 009 

Hottom Conans 61.4 64 0* OJM 

Hcroom Hon Me 04.7 BB0* 642 

HuBaxn Mtl 864 1023* OBI 

jmwreaa 977 1029 +00 009 

N renencsn 730 780 -02 005 

HtXbORl Spec Stt 83D 85 l 9* +0.7 2.50 
Hoteom UKGrowOI 792 042c -56 222 

HoBom GIB Hirst 1851 I960 -51 248 


31-45 Gresham SL London EC2V 7LH 
01-600 4177 

QuaUern General 4242 4510 200 ! 

□uatkart income 20.7 2*70 • 509 

Quadrant inti Fd 377.4 3970 1.12 

Ouadrud Reomxy 2560 2750 20* 1 

SI Swvhm Lina. London BG4P *OU 
01-280 5*58 

NC Amanca tee 
Do Accun 
NC Energy Has 
NC Mcuna 
NC Japan 
NC Smarter Cos 
NCSstt Europe 
NC Exenyn St 
NC Amr Prop 
NC Propany 

2820 3009* +03 123 . 

3075 327.1* +00 1.Z2 I 

I 1317 140.1 -00 278 

854 910 -02 180 

19*4 2068 +09 0JR 

I 1380 147.B +00 100 

CO’S 1770 1858 +20 004 

Cl 380 1350 846 

$1107 12.18 
1583 1852 


33 KMg Wttm Street London EG*R 3AS 

01-638 5678 

Amoxan f*J 2190 ffli -*fl 1 

SecunOM {21 \ 

taor YkrU {5) 1590 T620 £ 

Marin (3) 3668 39*0* 1 

fixed invest 1700 1710 2 

Hon bnanut 123.0 1240* 12 

Fw EaR (Z) 2380 2*10* C 

Fw EaR (2) 

New Hal Place. LMkpotrt 108 3HB 
051-227 4422 

Equrty Than aoo ra.a 

ma Trial 710 JO*c 

GW TTOR 28 8 270 

US Tra« 317 337 

Padfc Bbsm TR 417 4*0 

20 canon SL London EC2 
01-020 rail 

BaRy DM 1130 1200* 

Do Accum 1586 ma* 

HMl Mcomo Tran 852 940* 

Bo Accun 1050 1110 * 

US Gnwtii 56.6 600 

DP Accun 670 810 

Hanoi London House, Ouchaatt C01 IRA 
0208 578115 

American Growth 87.1 927* -52 0 

Amancan Owth 
CMktei Accun 
GM moans 
IKgh Encocno 
. tncocDo ft CM 
Japin Giwvi 
S pood Stas 

174.4 1866* >10 224 
55.7 5a7* .. 879 

80.1 850 -05 409 

977 io«.o* -a? 407 

924 854 +01 005 

1072 114.1 -00 104 


25 Western Rd. RomKM RM1 3LB 
88-73. Queen SL Edkttrti BO 4NX 
(RonrionO 070568968 Or (Bin) 031-226 7351 

Amer me ft Growth 874 
Cxptt) Untt 39.3 

Commodis 431 

Energy Ml *1.0 

Bxopeen GrowM 1022 

Exempt Me Bud 792 

DO tt) (43) 570 

Exploration 352 

FManctt Secs 955 

GW ft FI tec 5*.0 

Ml Romm Untt 1757 

)«Ul VMM Untt 1600 

Income Untt S2S 

ki y ew ittit That 642 

kttm a bon a l 1150 

Jiptn Grown 9*7 

Japan SnteUr COS 1253 
MaaurARd 253 

New Technology 670 

SE Am Grown 969 

ScctWts 127.1 

Scatenaree isos 

Scotyialde . 1500 

Sffact k iw iii a i l onal 75.0 

Smteter Co's tec 1555 

Spodai Srtusnqns 880 

UK EraMY i860 

US Growth . 70-1 

Unlw tt l Grown 840 

+01 871 
+00 2.12 
-00 10*. 
-ai 440 

+00 003 
-04 523 
.. 235 

-02 aoo 

-00 207 
-09 408 

-OS 447 

-00 64S 
+0.1 272 
•+1 < 328 

-51 304 

+51 291 
-40 208 
-57 309 
-1.4 4.15 
-03 102 
-01 *06 
-10 208 
-4.8 283 
♦51 109 
-5.1 108 

Eresr cnse Ho me. PtktwBouth 
0705 827733 

Areancen Me 1255 

Do Accun 1»5 

Avstrakan me *99 

Do Accum 530 

European Me. Ills 

Do Accum • 1)48 

Git ft Bud me M2 

Do ACMm 832 

Gate Find nc 283 

00 Accum 280 

Inc*** 1690 

Do Accum 3770 

mo meome lit 0 

CO Aaaxn 7533 

Jap Smlr Go a Ac 1480 

Singapore ft Matey 60.1 

DoAccum 518 

Sanaa Go's Me 1232 

Do Accun 13*6 

Special sts me 101 J 

Do Acoan 

Tokyo FUnd Inc 229 4 

Do Acoan 23i 9 

US Smattr Coi Ac 93* 

UK Eourty tec 991 

Do Accum 1530 

Recovery 7970 

Reasons ft Cttnty 5652 

Extra Income 99 1 

+03 056 
+04 068 
+14 1« 
+14 1.06 
-20 680 
-04 560 
-01 230 
-02 270 
-1.0 509 
+24 5 09 
-05 a«7 
-57 047 
+57 OOO 
+01 103 
+01 1 03 
-a* 1 17 
-04 1 17 
+57 I OO 
+07 1 00 
+5* 022 
+ 0 * 022 
-03 OOO 

+257 25 7 
-00 7 10 


33-38 areeacnwch St London EC3V OAX 
01-623 5778/8711 
UK Eraatv IK 2*0 257* +52 5.13 

DoACC W 2 25.7 +02 513 

EutoTmik 250 27 f* +53 !fi 

DbS: 25.5 271* +00 IW 

QtotBI Gth tec 283 30.1 +01 1« 

Ob ace 883 351 100 

Managed Exempt 11 B.I 1230 *00 


20. St USM Sq. Eomuurgh 
031-566 9101 

Ink Meoma Untt U50 1K2 *37 

Do Accum 218.7 2355 3 37 

19. Si Anorewt Sq. Eomxxrm 
031 225 2211 

UK Equriy 1784 1959 -00 10* 

Amencsn 1*46 154.7 -5.1 lO 

puerile 17B0 191 1 *‘ I 5“ 

European 2264 3*22 +3.* 0-60 



109. vxxarnt SL Gtesgow 02 5m 
041-2*8 6100 

UK Equty 
GW ft Fixed 
UK Snffr Co 5 Eq 

Paofic 174.8 

29. ChBittm Sq. Edkttugn 
031-226 4372 
Pacfhc 844 

world Growth 356 

N Amancan 332 

In co me Fund «o 

European «0 

N Amer IK 380 

UK Growth 30* 

Extra me 358 

1620 1730 
118.6 13*1 
1458 1550 
1B80 2006 
1083 1163 
174 0 I860 

844 680* 
359 38.1 
332 350* 
44 0 47 1C 
400 *20 
280 29.1 
30 4 726 
358 33.1* 

+50 002 
-02 1.07 
+01 016 
-00 408 
+03 003 ; 

-02 1 60 
-52 508 


PO Bo> 302. EtMmtgh Bfl6 SBU 
031-655 6000 

Peg Eq me 226.1 2*56 

TJo tocun 2854 2771 

30. Qty no. London EC1Y 2AY 
01-638 6011 

Amu Tach ft Gen 102.7 1090 

pgdBc 191 7 205 1 

Sec Mcorao Fnd 1655 1771* 

Soecoi Snuataxu 2020 2151 

kte Growth 309.331* 

Amancan Mllora G8.9 74 8 

SmaB CO S 390 *2-1 

Japan Teen ft Gen 1100 1180 
t u rn man or ia l Mcomo 5*0 58 a* 

Exempt 5314 568.6* 

UK Guru* 330 KJ 

Euro Growpi 31 8 33 B 

Euo Income 400 *30 

191 7 205 1 
1655 177 1* 
2020 2151 
69.8 7*8 
390 421 

5314 5656* 
330 350 
31 6 33 B 
400 *30 


1. London Wal ffldga. London EC2M 5PT 

01-588 38*4 Ext Sir 

Space! Stt p) *97 53.1 


3. G*> roa St. EdRttugh EH2 2X2 
031 2252552 

meome Untt 
Do Accun Untt 

943 281 
27.0 280 


45 . CtnmctM Sq. EdMDiitgh 
031-228 3271 
Amancan Find 2223 2388 

Do Accum 2*|4 2®9 

Do VWnttrawal 1500 1682 

AuRraun Fund 910 £1 

Oo Accum 827 38.7 

BnhSh Fund 5940 6328 

Do Accun 8003 8525 

Euepean find 2B5.0 3044 

DoAoarnr 300.0 320.5 

3307 3522 
3323 3530 
1694 1784 


Sui Aaonca Hce. H u ah am . Sussex 
0403 58293 

Etwy That acc 37BB 4856 
N Am Trofl Ace ' 5S0 654 
Fw EaR Thai Acc 83.7 890 
wftmhrida Bond . *9.4 . 525 

+15 236 
+17 238 
+1 1 236 
-1.7 105 
-1.7 105 
+1 7 441 
+22 4 41 
+64 068 
+58 008 

Japan Fund 
Do Accum 
Sent* PPP 

-29 263 
+00 107 
+01 000 . 
+55 803 


Keens House. Antkner. Hants. SP10 IPG 

036* 56788 Dwttgx; 026* 63432/3/4 

American Ik 
O n Accwn 
Extra income Me 
Do Acorm 
Genarte Una Me 
Do Aoaxn 
GM ft Fhad Me 
Oo Aorhi 
Paeffe tec 
Do Accun 
HI tec 
Dp Accun 
SaJecnd Ona Me 
Do Accum 
Natural Re* 

Do Aocun 

1128 120.1* 000 
1157 1203* 000 

1130 120 8 -58 50* 

1323 1400 -50 S24 

1515 1810* -T3 200 
2494 2B54* -20 290 
490 51.7* -0.1 840 
65.7 885* -0 1 840 
2060 2220 -10 451 

3254 3460 -27 *51 

1610 171.6* +0» 028 
1685 1772* +00 028 
310.4 3800 +02 103 

3824 4070 
815 955 
674 710 
390 *10 
*04 420 

+02 123 
+03 1.23 
+ 0.1 101 
+52 101 
-53 228 
-03 229 

TWgstHouiie. Gatanautt Rd. Aylesbury Bum 

reswEhgte 71 9 765* +05 003 

A-tetraNw lb-6 155 -01 Q10 

Cpmmouty 064 700 -02 143 

Brwgy 202 31 4* -00 1 70 

Eqtety __ _ 1 20.7 1297 -II 303 

Euapean Spk Sts 1000 1060 +22 20* 

Extra Mcuna 114.7 1230 -58 508 


Cote mcomn 
Do Arturo 



Matey 3 StegaiW* 

Pae*c we . 

Do Reffvttt 
Pite Stare FC 
Uh Cool* 1 
SpeoN Sin 
wtru Incamo 
Waiwmde Caprist 
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Do Accwn (3) 


pd Oner *>/•■ Yv+3 

3617 2796 -21 188 

1050 1103 . -03 785 

506 539 059 

927 989 059 

790 8* '• -0* 535 

103.0 1094* -06 0 IQ 
213 237 -01 208 

MO 975 064 

1137 1207 064 

17 7 191* 1220' 

701 751* +0 I 1 38 

62 B B8-4* +02 1 05 
44 0 47 I *0 2 0 10 . 
559 598* -01 393 

1387 1491* -03 1 ^ 

795 830 179.' 

1*97 1500 179 

BTIKWSK^-w >» . 


01-638 4761 
FjrEJSt ft Gen 
Japan ft Ok 
wi Amer 8 Gen 

Pactec Tech 


537 57 1 

533 567 
48 3 51 3 
50 3 535 
58.6 590 
43.0 457 

r si Mary aw. London EC3A sbp 
O l 928-3356 

Smaler Coe 626 665 -03 010 


Merman House. 2 Pudfllo 

01-2*6 1250 

Amencen Growth 41 5 

8SS5-t|T" »# 

SSJ2W gf 

Japan Grown 490 

Man Equriy Me 237 

Dp Accum Z3- 

0 seas Grovrth *■ ? 

Smaaer Cos 0> < 

Special Oops 723 

16 Canynge Rd. BnsW 
0272 732341 

Austral*" *M 

no rec 31 3 

Capote 3015 

DOAceun 540* 


Do Accum *50 8 

Far Eauana 1593 

Da Accum TJJS 

Fn ft Prop 

Do Accun .81 5 

Grit Gloria! 12*1 

Do fcxuir 144-J 

Grit meoma IN* 

Do Accum 1780 

Hteri Y*U M.7 

Do Accum TraS 

Mconw 23)0 

Do Accun 71*0 

ted Earwigs »S50 

UK House. Cawo Si. Saksowy SP1 3BH 
072? 33624? 

Dock. Lonoen EC*v 

442 -03 068. 

5*S* -02 2 14 

446 -01 OiO ' 

62.1* -05*08 
51 4* -02 658 

5 32 +00 0 12 . 

2S3 -51 236 

263 -Ol 208 
51 1 +00 I 02 

850 207 ■ 

77 0* +02 1 57- 

UK Equriy 
PacMc Bawi 
N Amen 

65 Ho8»m VUMW1 I 
01-235 3053 
Growth tec 
Do Accum 

1096 118.5* -19 

1578 1677* -50 
1121 1252* +14 

Huh You 
Do Accum 
Spactal Sits 
Do Accun 
Do Accum 
Amer ft Gen 
Do Accum 

Master Pohtoko J 
Do Accun t 
Abng Rom aw (SI 
Do Accun 
Far East ft Gan Me 
Do Accun 

+11 249 ' 
+16 2*9 ' 
+06 *97 ■ 
+0.6 4 97. 
+03 £36 . 
+03 £06 
-02 4 15 - 
+« 7 * 16 ' 
+04 122 
+04 122 ■ 
+031 2*9 - 
+032 248 . 
-04 1 95. 
-04 185 
+02 049 
>02 049 

Wardey House 7 Dewmtua Sq. London EC? 
01-929 1532 

Amancan Tm« 620 578* +02 170" 

Far Ea* ft Gan 1030 1102* -07 OM* 

bte Growth 689 734* +08 070- 

icmrftai 520 555 -2 JSS- 

Japan Growth 125.4 134 9 -50 020. 

Smal Conrnarues 109 7 118.0 +0 5 2 00. 

TSIlQtorjY 331 355 +01 020, 

iSSSa 340 388 -08 2tD 

UK TruM 126.B 134.7 -0? 270" 

European Growth 
Hong Kong 

516 549* +09 1 if!- 
320 244 +01 160 

13. CnvkM* So. Ecxrcurgn 
031-225 1551 
Auatrakan GtM 161 170 015 

Patatc Bum 126 134 -50 020 

Canatkan Bal GM 560 50.1 +00 097 

OmaMaeFhd eiOtl 1K3* +06 7 in 

3 Honey Li EC? BBT 
01-606 9D6S/8 

Shi Did Ote fimo 876 867 000 

US Govt Bond Fd 650.6 959 *01 


WMdnr Home. 83. KMgaway. London WC38 


01-403 8331 

Conv ft Eqary *>75 506 +02 79* 

tneunB 525 559* +01 504 

Grown *99 531 -00 ?30 

V Ex dnmtend. e Cum UnrkwnD. It Cum 
stock split, a Ex stock spM. m Cum art 
(any two or morn o» above), a Ex all (any 
two or more ot above). Dealing or 
valuation days: (t) Monday. 0 Tuesday 

a Wednesday (A) Thursday. (5) Friday. 

1 25th of month. (21) 2nd Thursday of 
month. (22) 1st and 3td Wednesday of 
month. 123) 20th of month. (24) 3rd 
Tuesday of month. J25) 1st and 3rd 
Thursday of month. (26) 4th Tuesday of 
month. (27) 1st Wednesday ol month. (2B) 
La3t Thursday of month. (29) 3rd working 
day of month. (30) 16th of month (31) is 

November (34) Last workrno day of 
month. (35) 15th of month. (36) 14th of 
month. (37) 21st of month. (38) 3rd 
Wednesday of month. (39) 2nd 
Wednesday of month. (40) Valued 
monthly (41) Last Thursday of Stock 
Exchange account (42) Last day of 
month. (43) aid and 4tn Wednesday ot 
month. 144) Quarterly (45) 6th of month 
(46) 2nd Tuesday of month. 

A ft MGp 
ATA Stewraon 

I'. Aaam Latsura 18 

> *v CM 193 

1 Attprmg 113 

I AMU 280 

I Anoka Socuntan 141 

I Antler IDS 

Antrim »« 153 

i App Hotegraplics ?60 

Do Write 220 

I Aspen Comma 375 

a son* 131 

i * spray 588 

Aoxcc Energy 32 

I ASO 193 

> All as Eaupmm 123 

Airtonragc 90 

BBB D*S9i 70 

• BPP 195 

BTSGrp 82 

BMforo (W*aml 00 

BennMt A Foufflam 23 
D a ns o na Crops 48 



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220 14S 
103 65 

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150 95 
47 38 

83 72 

165 100 

17 II 
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186 65 

134 66 

128 103 
81 GO 

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115 93 

180 180 
92 58 

49 36 
210 133 

255 196 

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205 50 

96 90 

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113 110 
133 105 
090 *1? 
159 115 
203 1*5 
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340 200 

34 V 02 

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256 188 
230 tBS 

31 18 

115 *4 
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148 105 
118 73 

70 48 

330 253 

90 67 
300 220 

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91 78 
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180 101 
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French Com 180 
R e tt cra re 97 

Fiffer Sntii ’A' 6SO 
Getriwa 140 

Gee fCecfl 96 

Orvrtown *0 

&sean Lyons 83 
Grixa Mew 150 

Griben House il 
Ooote Go *5 

Gadwxi Whim 128 
Gocxmeed R« 123 
Gated (Lemnce) 118 
GranyH Surface 68 
Green (Enww) 119 
GreeroKh Catrie 31 
Gnunanor So 95 
Guernsey Adame 180 
Hampden Hometa re 74 
Hattons *5 

Huvey ft Then* 175 
Hevekich Euopl 238 
HeRBi Cera *2 

HBBurtrae 430 

DO A LV 380 

H enttra c n Buie 1*5 
Hxrit4tont 200 

HnnaiKj Pen 60 
Hiie Ergcnom 93 

Hoagson 110 

HRoen i l ux ix i m i 20 

Homes ft Merchant (Fu 

Hoknes Protecaon 125 
Home [pooerl) 190 
Do 'A 176 

HowaTO Grate 335 
Hugnas Fooo 24V 

Htentna EMC S’. 

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Jonr m anaa Paaita 113 
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Kewra Synams 74 
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LRA M> 93 

Ltitibw S3 

LaHiaw Thomson 100 
laaue Inv 42 

Lawmar 103 

Lodge Care 78 

Lon ft QTOB9U0 IIS 
Lortn Beci 188 
Lysandu Pr 18 

US Cash ft Cwtv 87 
MMT Comp 235 
McLaugHn ft Har 118 
Magmac M at erte i s GO 
Maxima 73 

Marfn (Ronakil 150 

Uaytrar Ory 105 

Mavnews Foods 131 

Meadow Farm 210 

Maoa Taoi 1*3 

Miierw*#* 97 

Mamory Camp 13 

Mampom ted Huge 25 
Man«ar-5wan 145 

wartydown Wne 855 

Metal BuAeUi 113 

krietal Soences 7 

MRsec 96 

Mhcttei (Jotmj 73 

MktoUri 595 

Ucrata ai a ’*0 

MermsK 33 

MteBtid Marts 173 

ttOfctiMMr bra 385 

Mffw af U Hnmn 185 

Min Wrtf »90 


Mnoroate GO 1*0 

Mgnks ft Cram 120 

Monotype ISO 

Morfey iRW *1 

Mon« (Wteamt 18 

Maaa Aovertamg TO 

MusUdff ISO 


New Cl Nai Rea 1$ 

Dd Wrftt 2: 


Nensio 12 

BiyjiV. T2B 

NOrfUril 65 

NoracotHoNia 123 

Nai Saa ft Gen 21 

OtteU kopec as 

Opt o rttaa m a 

OsOorro ft Ldtie BE 

Owners ADroed 32 

40 49 110 

70 40 119 

27 29 180 
11.7 10 159 

4.1 29 20.1 
17 19 .. 

24 0.0 12.1 

50 BJJ 15.1 

17 25 48.7 

.. ..550 

10 7.1 11.0 

11 24 180 
*0 15 10* 

5.1 40 80 
30 40 119 
49 4.1 129 

B0D 11 70 
15 10 520 

21 29 119 

1 8 40 130 
110 30 217 
S7 24 219 

1.1 29 167 

123 29 119 

123 30153 

30 27 183 

49 30 ISO 

17 10 410 

50D 29 119 
500 28 10S 
60 1 B 203 

0.7 2 0 779 
O* *9 II 
10 28 17 7 
2.1 LI 239 
32 19 ISO 

10 170 21 

. 100 

79 28 100 

57 28 259 

30 21 223 
13 10 293 

79 40 113 
54 57 273 
.. ..02 

58 49140 

11 54 125 

29 42 18 

a 13173 
149 53120 

17 20 110 
13b 19.130 
39 40 90 
40 63 70 

54 33 121 

.. 209 
30 37113 

29 17160 
00 10 150 
30 13 163 

66 20 157 

150 15 80 

40 17 14 

4 3 4.1 219 
11 09 177 

64 26 113 
53 17 110 
43 43 226 
333 . 21 

59 209 1.7 
16 25 146 

56 23 19 1 

11 54 169 

35 30 141 
1.7 23 17.7 
29 55629 

57 4.1 1L6 
10 55 149 
87 33 794 
3ft 06 289 
15 19 403 
73 39 TM 

29 14219 
39 39 159 

21 43 299 

15 50 54 
*3 29 139 
86 50 159 
2* 133 4 7 

43 34 156 
10 1ft 70 
34 2ft 13ft 


29 W 50 

Aft 1ft 269 
21 66 81 

R a n t h w Rte tss 

Partcnew Gp 630 

Prite M L*S SO 

Pterion 33 

Penny ft pes 168 

Price Group 13B 

Panoom 130 

Perkin* ID 28 

Personal COmn uM f 

Patera (Mtttate) Ml 

P a tmu a n IB 

Pxadwy Raon 30 

p« Pet 2S 

£?& i3 

Phairic 48 

Platon 155 

sssss -tt* 

P ow er me 03 

Pre na pn m its 

Properly TR 10p 4'r 

DO flp 4'» 

40 6ft 03 
53 14 140 
51 10 280 

• 220 
li 19 163 
4.7 1ft 111 
330 29 610 
17 11 60 

17 20179 

29 37110 

3 A 

39 13 19.1 
19 21 59 

43 2B 103 
23 17 358 

S3 BO 120 
29 II 11.1 
43 39 130 




• -2 


25 165 


Radio Ory A 




Ratbo Oyoa 




lift 130 


15 182 


Romeo 04 



71 3* 






83 151 


Rotart Moira 


. 185 


Etenn VMS 








r -10 


RoB® 6 Natan 



35 3*9 


Ruddto (G) 




25 225 





Eangn Pnalo 


34 265 


Saopnvri PM 






34 17 1 



19 121 


27 155 


Scot Hwriabta 



25 145 








17 194 




15 451 

2S3V Snare Drug Stre 



05 394 

5* 22v Sneraten Sec 45V 

220 188 Sherwood Cdmp 210 

165 110 Strieka 130 

101 SO Skfnn SS 

173 s2a SensCteRtig 1E0 

Ti £ 

220 as 

70 22 

100 71 
38V 17*1 
93 56 

125 110 
230 175 
235 ISO 
200 110 
134 117 
151 137 
no ma 

126 52 
146 103 
385 1ft* 
205 IX 
T36 70 

80 83 
55 47 
50 32 

TOO 136 
470 270 
SB 85 
200 1*0 
73 «3 
5*5 <20 
IX S3 
84 BS 
100 53 
106 68 
108 K . 

19 14 

95 68 
98 *3 
188 130 
10 4'. 

27V 16'. 
115 98 
90 40 
157 151 
220 185 
98 TO 

Stav*B* Man) i» 

Starewo 2069 

Ssawg Pub 100 

Svrieui Baa X 

SubSSmket) is 

Semen Pr Ham HO 

Sjnapse Comp IBS 

r ft 8 Stores 21S 

IDS Octets 170 

TMQ Arnett 1M 

T-V AM 150V 

Task Force 108 

Tav Homes 120 

Tech For Bus 103 

Teui Como 310 

TcMoomgutaig 130 

Tl»! S*« Mt 136 

Theme* 128 

Them Saefflifc 238 

Thorpae 80 

Tmnwoaie) *9 

Tod (win i4o 

Towimsa See 40 

Trade PromoMki M2 

h ena iarwaoa 430 

Tnkon 70 

iy* T «M A 24G 

Uta Garamc 75 

UM FnttOy 545 

tMPecfcarm SS 

USfter iFrairiq 85 

Vamp*" 68 

VVsyee Ken 68 

wetter Bemo ioo 

wekuc 15>> 

west rorhsttee 90 

wmiworfheFoow 53 

WXMS 101 

Wrtaea SyR 8 

WMn (Ftox) HIOM 22V 

Wmsate 110 

VWo 58 

Waroesier 157 

WU Ot Leteher 181 

Wyno 77 

SS**** sr 

York Mount 
Yam 0 Equriy 
Do 0S 

2 vgat Dffeeo 

1 1 2* 186 
40 29 253 


U 15 S.1 

17 10 190 

7ft 39 124 
*0 2 1 126 
51 30 149 

39 3£ 127 

1.7 4.6 11 0 
49 28 89 


29 26104 
20 20 216 
16 16 87 

■ 30 

40 *3 130 

4.7 19 11 1 

80 32 209 

29b 29 223 

49 7*205 


21 1.1 22.4 

4ft 20 230 
29 1.7 70 

24 29 219 

25 23 119 

69 55180 

7.7 7ft 103 
43b 14 410 

zi i a tt* 

29 21 417 
14 I I 
16 1ft 21.5 
16 4ft 129 
4.1 84 90 
47 34 2B2 
lft 40 313 
SA 39 17.5 
7* 17 BOS 
16 20 149 
169 77 69 
34 12 120 

24.6 4ft 
4ft 50 49 
6* 7ft ID I 

18 28 232 
21 31 78 
3ft 30 120 
a* 26 132 
7.9D 89 122 
29* 55 IQS 



16 220 





88 181 


2 ft 

25 189 


1 1 

1ft 51 B 




20 19ft 



45 120 

200 * 

160 « 


15 225 


65 +1 


25 301 



21 - - 



H»qn Low Company 

Amer Dial 
Ang Am* Bee 
Attrtec Aesea 


Br Empve Sac 

Br Mv 

Drayton Cons 
Drtytrxi Far EaR 
Drayton Japan 
DuKtea Lon 
am Anar Aaeet 

Enguh M 
Engkstt Scot 

F ft C ABanoa 

f ft c piaatc 
Firs Qkktolai 
Rrat Scot Amar 
firat Un Gan 
finriiy Amancan 
Flerang driver 
fie rang Entarans e 
Flaming Fv Bnt 
FkBJring Ftodgang 
Rwrwifl jauen 

Hr - 



dte VkJ 

Pro Chge pence s p/E 

+1 IS 13 21.1 
299 3L9363 

+5 44 34 357 

• 80 26535 

-1 09 Oft 740 

• 19b 34 432 

150 09 
30 54 310 

07 10 51.4 

217 60 27.0 

• 39 17 410 

+2 06 00 . 

• 12B 15179 

+2 149 4ft 317 

-1 10 Oft 

+3 14 00 . 

10b *0 334 

09 09 711 

-2 47 1* *58 

• 14 10 813 

55 15439 

20 23 527 

-1 20 14 809 

+1 26 29 539 

-1 21 1.1 764 

01 10 . 
M3 4ft 309- 

17 134 59 

• 12 19 848 

• 74 4931.5 

• -2 129 41 342 

♦1 1.4 1.1 

• 39 27 519 

*3 57 50 

+1V 11 30 410 

+1 39 28 61.1 

• 39 23 621 

18 20 824 

-IV 21 2ft 909 


20b 1.1 . 

• +3 28 17 89.1 

• 179b 69 2 eft 

■ +4 34 25 547 

-1 52 48 289 

*9b 29*3.0 
3ft 10 91.7 
-1 11 23 619 

Hign Low Company 

Gratham House 
Ha mbro a 
(P) ^ 

kwesl n Success 
mv Cap 
wry ft Stew 
Japan a seen 
KWMwott Chmtar 
KWnwqrf 0 seta 
naarean Sm a rte r 
Law OfltMMura 
Lon Morten See 
Lon Tnat 



Mteny ktconw 
Mtarey kra 
Mwray Srnte 
Murray Ventura 
New Cart 
New Denen 04 

Nth Sea Asaats 
Non Amar 
Pwafc Anen 
Do Wmta 
Personal Asmara 
R>ver ft U*e 

RM r nmt 


Bora mo 

Si Anraaws 

Ow wm 

See* American 
Scot Eastern 
Scot MWt A 
Scot Mtqa 
Scot tust 
Second Ainro 
Sec Ol Sateand 
Snakrir Cos 


Oi* YM 

Free Cnga pence % PIE 
24 57 

• 19 29 32ft 

• 3* 39 36.7 

• 154 14 259 

80 II 

+1 69 2ft 715 

59 50 111 

0-1 02 

• +1 14 16 409 


High Low Company 

51 35 

102 82 
122 95 

J99 155 
226 201 
101 BB 
172 116 
188 140 
118 90V 

174 139 
188 135 
305 237 
370 000 
207 157V 
141 112 
84 79 

274 217 
62 33 

74 58 

115 55 

105 BOV 
358 288 

grew Enterp *5 
TR Australia 84 

TR Qty Ol Lcn Did 109 
TR wp ft Gen 19/ 
TR Natural Res 218 
TR Norm America 83 
TR PactHc Bren 172 
IS Shtterty 182 
TR Tart id* 

TR Tresnaa 158 
Tamp** Bar 153 
Thorgi m l un 282 
Throg Secured Cap 355 
Trans Oceenc 196 
Tnbure 128 

Tnplevout Me 91 
US Debamne 274 

wsr ras s 

Wvxixlxxtotn Egy 102 
wean 89 

Teamen 353 


aw YW 

Pija pence *« P/E 

06 13 
30 39 28.8 


































• +1 








• -1 














17 7 








B +1 









Oft 1ft 
17.1 *ft 3aB 

88b 13 309 
124 It 384 

«7>. 35'- 
71 31 

*9 21 
15* T 18 
22’.- 13V 
20-« 12V 
156 131 

0*7 187 
108 M 
750 375 
9* 77 

133 75 

900 490 
218 183 
4*0 320 
290 100 
362 26* 
112 76 
27 16 

208 152 

Anwtcan Express 



Brttnraa Arrow 
Da*V Mari 



Frost (£, 

Cocoa (D ft Ml 
[gndarson Aomn 


M ft G 

p aafc Mv Tst 
Do Wteranu 
Stnh New Cavrf 

mv •+>. 


31 +1 


£19'« te+v 

tiati •+'. 

1*4 +t 


740 +10 


113 -3 

833 1 

I/O -13 

365 -5 


289 -2 


IBS •+? 


Q W Joynson nd Co report 

SUGAR (From a CanAee) 

Aug En*od 

Oct 1485574 ■ 

Oec 154.0-53.0 

March 1S2JM1.6 

May 166.0^.4 

Aug T70Q-68.Q 

Vrf 4680 






May — 




nov — 










June — - . 

ft£ = 












____ 1528-2* 






..... 1790-60 
— 1015-05 
... 187545 

— 131-20.0 
.. 128-127.3 
-. 12B-127J 
.. 131-130.0 
_ 130-129.5 
. 1 30-1205 





1 1 ■■ 11 ■ mQQD 

Unofficial prices 
Official Tumowr figures 

Price In £ pra metric tonne 

Sfrmr in pence per troy ounce 
Rudolf WoB « Co. Ud. report 


Cash 87850-07950 

Three Months 897.0048900 

Ttoae Months 3495035000 


Tons Idle 


Cash 745.00-748.00 

Threa Months 75850-759.00 

VW 450 

Tons — Baretv Staadv 

. 95500.00 
.. 1025025 
, 10450-00 
. 106.75-00 

Voi . 

_ 6250 




Three Months 





Cash _ 


ThreJi Months 











Three Months 


VOI - 

- 1300 

Tone — 

— Steady 




Three Months 


VCH - 


Tone Staady but Quut 




t ~-— - 2640-2650 

Three Months 28802690 

Voi IK 

Tone — Steadier 


Avarege faiatocA prices at 

Jl July 



QB: Sheep i5558p per kg sat 


Gft Ptos. 8&45p per kg iw 

England and WMcsr 
Carte cos. up 5.4 %,ave. 

*• ««• 

price. 15B.42p(-858) 
Pi?n c a!£3.7%.av0. 

price. 90.33p (+4.67) 

Caate iKvMP 197 ^ a«- 

Pfg Contract 
' p. perkSo 

Month Open Ckne 
TUug n/a 3800 

go a/a 1030 

Nov n/a 1052 

Pgg. - n/a 9950 

Apnl n/a 9950 

•June n/a 9950 

Pig Meet vot 77 

Live Cattle Contract 

Month Open Clew 
Aug n/a 9800 

Sept n/a 9700 

get n/a 98.10 

Nov n/a 9950 

P* n/a 10000 

April «va 100.00 

June n/a loaoo 


__ WiMt Barley 

Month done Ctee 

Sept 104.00 103. as 

Nov iOfl.85 106.15 

■BM 109.90 10890 

March 112.16 Iloilo 

Mfty 114.40 112.10 

— gi 

...-. 208 


E per tonne 

Month Open Cfcwa 
N» 120.50 126.70 

Fab 13000 13650 

ftJrt 197.00 207.60 

May 20400 21650 

Nov 0000 75.00 

VoL' 18*3 


GJ*.l.Freigt« Futures Ltd 
report $10 per index (Mbit 
freight Index 

Higti/Low Close 

Jul86 56005600 

Oct 86 6360634.0 6350 

Jan 87 6680-6670 8890 

Apr 87 728.07280 7280 

Jul87 6725 . 

Oct 67 760.0 

Jan 88 ■ 790.0 

Apr88 850.0 - 

Voi; 89 lots ' 

Open interest 2262 


High /Low Close 
Jul86 Sen Price 11025 

AusM 10301030 1030 

Sep 88 1045 

Dec 86 1085 

Mar 87 1050 

JunB7 1110 



Spot mamat co mmen ta r y 


1117 5 up 20 0 on 30/7/86 
Dry cargo Index; 

6535 down 30 on 3Q/7/88 





- ( SM- 

From your portfolio card check your 
cidii share price movements. Add them 
up to pvt you your overall total. Check 
this against the daily dividend figure 
published on this page. If it matches you 
have woo outright or a' share of the total 
daily prize money stated. If you are a 
winner. follow the daim procedure on the 
back of your card. You non always have 
your card available when 

Gtecstw (MJ) 






Drapery .Stores 



Weekly Dividend 

. please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £8,000 in 
tomorrow's ne ws p a per. 




98V .. 


100*.. .. 


1D1V .. 




97Vrt .. 


100V .. 


BBV .. 


100V ... 


96V +V 


102V .. 




101V .. 






88V .. 




102V .. 


ififlvta .. 


105V .. 


mr-n .. 


aav .. 

isav .. 


B1V .. 


184VG .. 


80 V .. 


8BV .. 


110'. .. 


108V .. 


BOV .. 


97V .. 


101V .. 



107V -V 


81V .. 


105V -V 


IlSV -V 




104V -V 




117V -V- 


102V -V 


II4V -V 


80 -V 


120V -V 






120 -V 


87V -V 


113V -V 




103V -V 


118V -V 


125V _V 


97V -V 


tssv -V 


121V -V 


83V .. 




122V — V 


103V fr-V 




03'. -V 


OS’* -V 




Equities fade 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began on Monday. Dealings end next Friday. §Contango day August 1 1. Settlement day August 18. 

gForward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 


£> Times Nempapm Unhid 


Claims required for 
+46 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 


H^n Lw Company 

dm YU 

Jjg » Ros Bros <1 OB 1.0 119 

IS « *** w m ay 

ROW Bnk orSeM 312 -2 1U U U 

S» Sterodati ttv 112 3.1 110 

«» srau Cfwt . 732 -12 mm 19 is 

% 6 H, S*" 603 »+s saa 77 su 

71' *3'> wuo Fargo mfh -i* . . . . 

320 220 WMnrtt 285 7.7 27133 

133 47 |47 
217 23 110 
13 2j0 13.1 

4 6 37 133 
203b 33 111 
73 43123 
15 A 27 161 
107 2.1 207 

MbfrLyom 323 

Base TBS 

Baewan Bi 

Banittn 125 

Brown lurthaw) 530 
Butnar (H P| 156 
ButommUBraar S8B 
C tarn (UianM) 515 
OBvanMl PA) 207 
GttonaH «WUtay 164 - 

Oraana Mry . '220 
SUnan 310 

Hna 1 Hansons S14 
Htgntana Dto 74 

bwiBonim DM 156 
bWifrstl 235 

Maman Tbenyaon ioe 
Mariana 24s 

ba Bm — n — . i3i 
Set* & NSW IBS 

Vaux _ 330 

MMbraad ’A' 1 286 

Do -ar 270 

WMbreed kw 216. 
MVwtanpai 2D 543 
Young a- aaa 


268 21 B ABertasn Oonsar MO 
297 213 Amec 265 

74 S2 Amdfle 89. 

177 123 An-oorf* 102 

550 331 BEB tart w t r lts 303 
377 2&a Baggertoge sack 3 as. 
IS* 1 U BarraB Da*« 138 

27 22 Baiay(BMi) Conslr 2fi 

m 128 Brtny ITS 

53 63 Batrfrm 84 

BS B7S Btoddays 920 

726 531 BtanOrck i 566 

275 235 ftMMSonSOOUCI HB 285 
91 61 Br Dradghg 76 

29 IB frown! totem 25 
73 37 BrawnlM 56 

132 N Bryant 114 

27 11 BwnaB 6 Halm ll'i 

150 158 catebraed Hooey 158 
126 as Cemm-noadaora 118 
105 60 Condor Grp 100 

574 448 Cotta*] 614 

463 296 Countryside 483 

181 12* Crouch {Dornt) 165 

10* 84 Oaw (Qaqnja) 96 

137 72 Dourfwm 128 

10C -63 ErtSr 98 

113 75 M . 93 

71 54 Do 'A' GB 

172 51 Federated Hag 1*8 

88 54 FMai G* 80 

04 80 OrtHod 89 

131 106 QbDa A Dandy 0nl126 
385 25* Glaaaon (MJ) 363 

130 86 HAT 1Z7 

2*6 SB HHcalBv 233 

79 *2 Hawaavstwt SB 

2S2 1*9 Haywood Wteatna 230 
620 428 Kggs&MB 606 
IflO'rlH Ibaneh Jotamn IBB 
433 265 Jarato p) & Sana 433 
*86 796 LrtogU 43* 

484 288 Do 'K 432 


580 379 Bomdana 5iS 

260 177*1 Sr Taiseom 190 

112 75 Brown Borert KM 102 

19 ll'i BuWn (AF) ‘A* 13V 

152 6* CASE 77 

738 588 CBM & Whrtau ES3 

318 213 GaaMOge Bac 220 

2*3 163 CAP Co 1SS 

57 87 emonde 45 

225 149 Do 7V7> CPF 188 

352 203 Con ap 3ro 

343 250 Cfty Hett 315 

2S6 140 emtam 218 

73 GO OetaElta GO 

180 1*7 Damaiv ira 

52 29V Dawflunt 'A' 32 

365 262 Donano 328 

50 . 37 Dowdkn 8 Mrte 37 

272 162 DUMtr 178 

4*5 380 BacaocatoomntB 3GB 

85 48 Ehonnc Bfeth 65 

62 42 Baaromc Rantala 51 

337 237 Brea UMM 275 

380 255 Curooim 2W 

253 i». FamorQaa ira. 

156 10B Femm 122 

SB - 25 FowaM Tath 40 

226 158 GEC 198 

WO 90 Gracrenor 123 

114 60 KfchtodBm M 

163 50 if S3 

358 225 tat Spirt S Control 23i 
2*3 175 Jones SODOd 2*3 
ng B5 245 

323 233 LeeMrtganaan 255 
219 i» Locica 201 

423 270 HKBkI 355 

ITS 128 Macro* 167 

433 205 Mamec 225 

62 5fV Merit BS 58 

250 95 Mtoo Rocm 100 

56 33 UuJtaora Bad *0 

65 47 Moray Sact 47 

313 241V Waa a nwlt (Louts) 288 

108 V 81 NET 82 

« 15 Ocna 20 

580 383 Oxftnl tea w nnts 533 

32 18 PMcOn TTi 

IB*'. ITS Pnupa Fkl 5>29> E11B 

17V 13 maps Lamps N/V E13H 

280 1B0 2<n 

190 120 Do 'A' Ltd WaMB 160 

248 182 Ptoaaw- 196 

2*V 15 V - Da ADD 25 El 9V 

100 L9 170 
10-7 S0 11.1 
40 42 9* 
0.1 0l7 21.1 

OO . (LB 60 
130 £1 170 
108 40 132 
£1 1.1 2S.1 

.. .. 100 

S3 - 25 FowaM Tac 
228 158 GEC 
180 80 Gntstanor 
114 60 KgMand Bi 

17V 13 MBps Lamps N/V E13H 
280 1BO PHm B*n 

190 120 DO ’A’ Ltd WaMB ISO 

248 182 Musm- 198 

2*V 15 V Do ADD 25 E19V 

156 118 Prassac 138 

45 22 Quaat Aisommkm 28 

234 180 Ratal Bact 184 

488 158 Rotates 483 

VIS 448 ScntAo tCH) 572 
152 74 SBOrrodi 138 

5« 31V SouH DKkiaon 34 
186 96 STC 182 

218 142 SUM WT 178 

13* 78 Bynum DnOm 02 

Iff*. 13V TDK t13V 

2S3 170 Talaphona Reetata 201 
125 44 TtUnatrtx 44 

529 374 TIunEUI 454 

250 170 HXMM (Run 280 
300 225 Tirana 200 

318 208 US '29* 

273 185 Un*K* 195 

285 155 Ud Lassfea 169 

190 1TB (MSeteWfa 183 
505 320 vc m a t nau m te *89 
323 225 Vttex 263 

106 5* Wastarn flaftedon 78 
103 75 WMmonn Eta 85 

285 230 Whotonli Hang 250 

2.1 ay is.* 

4JS 1.S 35J 
65 35 13.2 

64 10J185 

1.0 06 .. 
15 55 75 
28 05 22.1 

21 5.7 118 

4.1 25135 
U 2 A 179 

1.0 15 885 
45 95 145 
95b 32 153 

65 23 15.6 

3.1 15 16.1 

2 A 25 187 
0.7 13 163 

6.1 3.1 123 

62* BJ 103 
&S 45102 
1.7 32 75 
13 04 .. . 

12.1 B5 95 
17.1b 75 51.1 
173 73 03 

15a 0.7 2 13 
155 43 125 
15 03 257 

43 15 175 
07 U 9.1 

<L1 03 30ll 

0.1 n 03 .. 
193 83133 
75 83 133 

1.1 53 45 

25 05 233 
15 55135 

573 45 .. 

75 3il tail 
75 .47 87 
73 33143 

143 SB 
SCO 380 
216 141 
20V 9 
112 71 
66 26 
220 74 
570 358 
an 32 
111 S3V 
*25 331 
81 40 

17* 121 
224 158 
48 S? 
315 207V 
305 208 
23V 16V 
80 48 

236 178 
132 82 
259 171 
273 18B 
315 168 
19V 17 
371 180 
102V 83 
110 BB 
123 95 

150 25 

87 n 

88 73 

Ckyign Son 
Cohan (A) 
CMorofl Gp 
Comotnoo TMl 
Com Staomay 
Cook (ten) 




Cowai be Grom 
Oast Hcnokon 
Crown House 
CUHM« 3V% 


Dawea A MM -A' 
Dam & Newnan 


PamUd Stamp)™ 


(Mda Has) 

Down Park 

Dtaaation few 


470 • .. 

1ST *+1 

9 -V 


85 ■-! 

200 •-» 

461 -2 

n *2 

101 • 


62 • 


IBB a .. 

EliB'i .. 

53 +2 


118 a-3 
975 -15 


193 +8 

SB •-! 

121 *-2 



103 /Jt ux 

154 35 711 

7.1 3.7 145 

55 54 142 
13 23 185 

64 32144 

11.1 24 125 

2.1 31 aaa 
45 4.6158 

125 32130 
38 55 105 
68 4.8123 

113 63 103 
875 M .. 
07# 15 .. 
23 093&3 

175 05 95 

52 53 

M3 8 1 74 

65 S8 94 

47.1 43 120 
93 49 U 

114 45127 

104 a 2 104 
03 33 19.1 
74 35 123 

74 85 125 

7.1 85 114 

75 63 134 

64 74 m 

64 85114 

22 9>j 

n so 

M4 78 
241 75 

125 75 
17>. 13', 
82 V SO 1 * 
286 2x2 
5*0 233 
130 102 
195 120 
204’. 13*', 
188 116 
165 128 

238 156 
66V 29 
144 89 

ISO 181 
375 239 
154 88 
231 177 
50V 14V 
110 5a 
118 78 
295 210 
124 82 

2E3 177 
188 137 
740 395 
160 120 
598 428 
84 58 

44 28 

S3 43V 




Turoar A NewH 

wnsonan Ram 
w**j (wci 
Warns Hbm 
Wte Go 
Wood (Anhui] 
MMdnaa & Rtx 
VnncMfii Eng 

Voting (H) 



138 • .. 

19* <2 

104 -1 

El 6*. 

(82V *2 

248 -2 

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(Wi +V 

188 -1 


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320 • .. 
110 -1 

183 -4 


223 • .. 


640 -5 


521 • 


32 -1 


B4 • 


-■ .. 205 

0.1 01603 
25 21 144 
1370 65 75 
16 15144 
565 35154 

74 24 li> 
1M 44 12.1 
84 55 167 
25 1.7 234 

343 BS 

an iso 

*8 15 
143 86 

3* 23 

53V 43 
810 653 
in 133 
67 18 

23 V 11V 
153 41 
280 80 
21B 153 

Gobi Rr 

Gt Western Has 
1C Gas 
ICC 01 

KCA CMteg 
Maw Lon don OB 
Royal Dual 


Triton Europe 



Cn ge pence PX 




14 44 121 




ft +2 

269 60164 

.. 1 .. .. 



40 39.1 67 



174 178 33 


142. 853 . 




68 100108 


. 149 




228 43 . 
509 80 7.9 


65 64 247 


. .. 123 


71 149 21 






160 S3 50 


4B4 288 Do - A' 432 

m 78 Lewnenea MWW) 11* 

81 71 LUay (FJC) 72 

429 290 LOMBCU) 415 

198 126 MapMt A SouBi 180 
306 178 Mandaia 278 

135 101 UmMy 112 

183 181 Macerate (HeHaiO 181 
138 98 Me* 6 Haeaal 98 
444 304 McABMna (AHred) 4EB 
272 171 Mayar M 264 

38 23 Ufa (SttMy) 31 

130 108 MQrtt [A) 120 

444 308 MowtaUoM 390 

BSD 798 Namnhtf 880 

213 183 Moangbei Brick 183 

234 118 Pankmon 218 

110 87 Phoanx Hater 88 

3S5 286 PUNK* 370 

C72 440 RMC 6*0 

482 3*0 Rodend 420 

323 188 Rubarotd 298 

181 131V Ri«by Canter* 153 

IX 87 Shwpo 4 FMar 130 

84 70 Smart (J) 83 

616 342 Taeniae 462 

3*8 238V Tnktr Woodrow 310 

I BO 140 Tlbury Group 188 
433 98 Traws 4 Amok* 417 
101 75 17am 7E 

185 138 TUnfl 171 

331 195 VteD^bnt “* 331 

28® gffi Want 281 

71 SB UMotefl) 88 

2D* 172 MaBBte 173 

82 87 WMMni Been 78 

144 41 Mootie - 143 

281 137 wfion (Corndy) Z75 
216 120 Wbapey fGaotga) 203 

24 3512.1 
85. 42 16.1 
194 32 165 

7.1 45 125 
260* 55 145 
100 25 122 
10.0 22 122 
32 45 9.1 
55 75 54 

105 25147 

74 4.1 205 
115 45 165 

54 45 215 

75 29185 
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175 42 135 
85 35 135 

14 45 .. 
85 75185 

225 55 11.7 
157 15 175 
82 5.1 UL7 
75 84 122 
45 49 35 

164 SO 82 
20.0 3.1 142 

165 35182 

122 45105 

9.1 55.175 
13 25 195 
05b 85 175 

134 29194 

1 23 40135 
75 45124 

122 25 182 
T5 51 90 
TOO 65 90.4 
184 45 145 
104 87155 
-14 25 75 
65 35124 

15 2.1284 
ay os ia.7 
28 1.1 217 
54 27185 




Attegwortb .223 .. 15 

Amn Hum 135 35 

Amotegssia 62S -10 275b 

BaridwTtai 206 .. .. 

Canm £is .. 17.1 

Candow 2K> .. 67 

W7hm ^ :: iv 

hay * Sana 132 65 

teida 182 B5b 

S3 Homa Loan* 88 +1 

Da 8% £84 .. 

HawmeriiM 144 

Temttetei 218 

RnanctelTrusta appaar oa Paga 20 



36V AKZO kiw Bearer 




89 .. 





• -» 








25 193 



Anchor Chanted 



25 139 





• .. 


49 169 


78V Ssiwr OMSQ 



80 .. 





65 180 



frant Cham# 






57V Br Banzai 



.. 164 






4.7 161 






3J 108 



Comas Bros 




39 108 


Do 'A' 




49 8.4 



Cbry (Horase) 



59 59 









Do DM 


ft .. 

.. 128 



SM 8 Bated 


• +« 


44 149 






4 J 

39 139 







54 67 

Hrtstaad (teutaa) 


1 u 

42 119 







50 104 

101V 72V Hottest DM50 


10V 734 

tep Cham tad 




49 11.1 






30 MJ 






80 140 

154V 118 



1.7 194 | 





4.1 161 






24 189 ! 



SMA ara 







Suackda Spartoten 
Wetoanhcfcna Ht* 



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Yoritahka Chare 




39 127 



Eastern Prod 



54 17 





■ .. 


16 124 






42 125 

43V 29V EM 



70 130 




89n 49 137 

2SV 17H Etarokw (AE1 'BT 




Eta (bi 




40 221 





English aura Dxv 330 





TBV Erfcsoon (LM1 ff 



04 .. 



Eraktaa Houaa 


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09b 00 137 




10 111 



Do SX Prf 



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23 119 



Ekpamta M 


r .. 

89b 68147 













19 BIS 



Faerie* Aoric tad 
Fenner (JR) 



84 15 




m .. 


69 221 



FVa tadmsr 



80 17.4 







10 260 






19 .. 



Rexaao CAW 


• .. 


60 7.6 







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123 100 
41V 27 V 

FdCs >, Graup MTV 






11 111 

17 8.1 



Fritharaa 8 Hwroy ITS 



7.1 139 



Fiencn (Thomaro 


• .. 


82 869 



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89 119 






39 64 



Garton &tg 



49 11 













38 14.1 

IT*. 756V GMxo 



19 210 











• .. 


50 119 



Grampian HMga 




4.1 139 







10V BV Gtorobai 


• .. 


7.1 110 


SBV Hteh PrecaWn 




3.1 174 



Hal Bm 

Haa iuf 



89 80 

















• +2 


09 300 


25V Hentmon tad 


• .. 


49 89 






. . 1 





87b 30 160 1 



Do « Cnv 




47 .. 



Do SV* Pf 



70 .. 



Do 10% 




U .. 




ft +13 


11 170 








• .. 




50 120 

19 118 






Hay (Ncnaarrt 







29 70 

32 307 



Hopwortn Came 




50 184 






81 b 39 184 






40 70 





FSohgata A Job 
K^ls Brea 


.. • 

.. 1 

.. 25 2 



Hot Lloyd 


• +3 


11 134 





• .. 


44 15 







54 00 



Husing Assoc 



40 80 



Htateig Group 


• .. 


18 74 

7 71 

207V Huttean Whotnna 271 















09 427 



Jacksons Boutna 




34 25.1 



JanKns Math 




Jomsan Ctaarare 



50 154 



Johnson Uatthay 




10 130 


Jomsan A FB 



.. 160 







30 125 



Jortea 8 Shtpman 



40 15 





47 >59 





29#m4 84 



55 214 



Kartay tttS 



37 150 



Kannadr Sraakt 


20b 17 207 1 



Katsnaw (A) 



70 229 1 





• .. 

89b 49130 

226 180 
ZS'a 22 
2B'i 23 
390 223 
917 602 
336 228 
301 22# 
431 213 
954 701 
95* 720 
708 509 
349 267 
288 231 
22* 173 

416 257 
68V 29V 
235 220 
3*8 223 
15V 12 
9*2 718 
458 381 
967 788 
420 328 
474 3*8 
445 387 
772 520 
927 772 
550 120 
474 39* 

-1 98 54 .. 

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-V 895 33 .. 

.. 85 22 27.1 

Ctan UNDO 

Gan Aenton 

Hearn C E 

London & Man 
Lon UM Inr 
Maran AMeLan 



Saagwiefc Gp 
Stamen Wr son 
Some Hum 

Sul Almoa 
Sun Ua 
Trad* Indemnity 
MBs Faber 



50 .. 




16 .. 




40 .. 





31 4 

39 201 




49 240 




18 7.7 




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44 103 




47 70 






12 .. 




40 121 




4.1 200 




44 .. 




41 So.1 




49 .. 




44 889 




49 173 




35 183 



IQOn 25 209 




35 610 




40 .. 

nWMtRMNrt Trusts I 


-6 125 

run Pane 2D 



144 98 

220 128 
ITT 98 
58 34 

225 158 
410 325 
62V 4 
81 85 

128 93 

131 84 

103 32 
180 137 
189 130 
381 278 
393 328 
84 43 

228 134 
360 237 
72 51 
185 12BV 

Barr « WA *A‘ 134 

Boose* 6 Hawhas IE® 
8W# hour 184 

Canpan *6 

CbrysMte 188 

FkS Lalsm 383 

GHA 52 

H anbwBar Brooke 85 
Horizon Travel 114 

tar Lakura 125 

Jutena e Huge 37 

InH ■ 160 

MeGMtier 142 

Ptoeeuiama 323 

Saga HoBdm 
Samuatson Gp 


70 100 

.. 240 





39 123 


40 127 



24 127 

.. *17 

.. 420 


15 10 



17 110 






43 15-4 



4.0 113 



14 130 


3.7e 13 120 





38 22 LDH 
158V120V UP 
323 216 Laird 
75 42 Lawtec 
77 41 Lite [Arthur) 

3* 18 Wear* 

«3 n Lbeshafl 
B8 64 Ltanad 

135 06 Do D« 103 

77 59V Lon 6 Ntai 71 

227 168 Lon InO 190 

Z33 134 Longlon M 228 

480 319 Low A Bonar 420 

39S » H Hdgs 301 

115 t* ms mr no 

50-; 32 MT H dMPM 40 

393 255 MaOWhy* WTO 3BS 

160 121 MaeUrlm 136 

79 43 UMWbnpWN) 56 

208 IBS McKMftte 212 

125 78 Magnot* 113 

695 496 MaectwrtM Site 870 

79 92 Maranm Gronza 6* 

86 63 Marteg 63 

05 15 21.1 
35b 51 346 
86 35 95 
35b 55 67 
35 45102 
. . . . 17.1 

32 85205 
3.8 47 65 
55 61 85 
15 62 84 
142 72 11.1 

74 104 124 
85 35185 
6.7 25 175 
185 35185 
11.1b 25 225 
25 25 105 

135 3> 175 
35 25 185 
27 *5 10.4 
145b 67 102 
45 42104 

66 15 227 

45 8.7 75 
25 45 7.7 

02 42 37 


270 178 AnptaTV'A' 
52 27 Grvnpan 
240 178 HTV HIV 
368 263 LWT tbdg* 
350 188 Scot TV "A - 
280 153 TVSN/V 
46 31 TSW 
224 223 Thame* TV • 

* 135 55 13.1 

25 62 65 
.. 114 63 85 

.. 215 65136 
.. 165 45 108 

I .. 145b 63 109 

-1 25 55 121 



Marsha** Unta 



49 170 



Grand Mot 







Mate Bor 




49 .. 





09 119 



Mate Qoaures 




67 214 


















28 118 

T8'I 57V 

iMteea Cora 



109 69 


78V Mown OfcHiowt 




24 144 



MHteel Somers 


• -1 


59 125 



Ptaire DT w Horan 


• .. 


24 157 






07 18 




34 149 



Morgan Cruuote 




45 147 




10 147 






0.1 a 00 189 







29 159 



Ho* P) 


. _ 


09 59 






12 111 



Neuman tads 




11 539 



M*«™n Tor** 


ft .. 


79 120 



NOOia 1 Had 










39 525 




f iNANCWjSte 


M 8S Anabacmr (Hemy) 7* 
SS8 185 Aui Man Z 186 
13V 8V Bantaenanca £8V 
260 178 BankOMmiaflO 232 
5 v 6 Bank UHm ttraw ES 
260 230 Bank UumHJK 240 
m 384 Bark Ql SeoOted 401 
S» *89 Bardayt *89 

85 35 74 
.. 385 
160 8.1 .. 

185 67 115 
205 SO 85 
265 S3 72 

*»« • " 

Ml fcMM V*” 

740 410 



112 BO.- 
212 148 
378 242 
<02 SB 
2S1 211 

520 316 
188 t3S 
8S6 585 
451 283 
853 G38 
153 120 
598 4i7 
321 202 
583 *28 
12? 80 
448 280 

Brown Staty 



Daw uwiatti 

Jnaawt jCaepda ) 

KaaWA Banaon 





AGS Ras a arat 


A W 



Alexandra Waaear 

11.1 4.7 134 

95b 67 275 
62 7.1 185 
165 28 105 

85 72 92 

112 8.0 1*5 

86 25 185 

91 45 



388 Z77V 


Ate & Lacay 

Eng B% 


*0 Barrow Hepburn 
180 Barton Transport 
21 Baynes (Chants) 
138 Baation CUrta 

229 Banstont (SAW) 9*2 

36 66 126 
257a 95 84 
I SO 66 .. 
107 55 134 
36 86 62 
60 £6 155 
17.1 45 165 

U 35 368 

288 IBS KOfOOB 244 

258 203 Ofltt* Bea Mach 220 

448 247 Parker Knot 'A' 388 

960 525 Parrtte 4T 960 

185 17D M 170 

803 383 POarsOn SOS 

27 if Peak 19 

135 BB Peoria* 123 

67« 332 PaglaWMntKslBy 022 

520 1*0 PenBand and 425 

14 775 R apa Me 813 

4B3 311 PfltegUn 413 

98 51 PfeMIc Ccatsr 77 

385 195 PDfOtS 285 

323 215 Poriw cnadbum 305 

814 238 Poartl Dirfkyn Z78 

IS* 85 PraOtMch rkdgs 108 

190 118 RHP 182 

158 123 Ratkaia Mate 1*6 

588 421 Rmk Dig 489 

22# 115 Ransome Shns 16* 

138 98 RaK*ns (Gt Bridge) 126 

BOO 005 Redon 8 Cowan 7B9 

245 118 (Warn Gtea 196 

343 200 Reed gn®£utros 338 

2V 162V Reed bit 243 

173 132 PMiOi 150 

81 57 Ranald 74- 

102 86 Restmor 90 

5)8 345 Ra*4£K» <76 

38 21 Rntmara 38 

TEO 110 Ricardo Ena 149 

90 53 RMtard (Lab) #5 

58 19 RcMMHh W**t 38 

152 93 Rabwtson RH 93 

3*3 151 Rotation (Thomas) 330 

55 30 Rodwan 43 

150 128 Ropnar 135 

148 120 DP 'A' 

136 86 117 
12.1 55 91) 

iso as u-t 

13V 4>. Ang Amor Cart 
ID’. 833 Ang Am 
57V 31 Am Gold 
58 33 AAIT 

40 22 Angkerael 

41 22 Do 'A* 

188 120 Ayer H*am 
<25 23S Biyteta 
160 69 Brocken 
21V B 1 - 

366 226 CRA 

89 43 carr Boyd 

534 409 Coni QokVMds 
531 314 Do Bear* 

200 105 Peek uart 
9V 4V Door nta nt eln 
T3V V. DrMmtaki 
7V 2*. Otabnn 
-255 150 E Daggas 
584 258 BaMSwid 

205 129 BOlO 
195 85 Bataag 

390 210 E Rand GoU 
4V 2 1 * E Rand Hop 
S 4V FS Con. 

213 03 FS Da* 

75 17 GM«or Hi 
BV 4V Bm* 

10 0 Gan MUteg 

478 313 GM KNgoorf 
83 35 Gopeng 
375 170 Groorvte 
158 91 Hampton Aiaes 
9*1 *V Hmnony 
350 173 Karnes 
81 47V JahnNaa 

12V 5V Kkaota 
5V Vt KM 
160 65 Laate 
I3v 6V LtMum 
410 170 Lorame 
157 84 MW 
28 15 MaUyrtan Wt*ng 
123 80 fttenwasa 
26V 14V Marais Exp 
26 5V Mhangtn 
9 5‘« Mkhte Wits 

855 450 Mnoroo 
S’* 2V New MB 
142 73 Nth Broken Hfl 
44 2S 1 . Nth Krtgart 

22V 10V Oara* Ftee 
128 90 Pott H no Tin 

280 304 PWtaWBluand 
25 8V Rand urei Lai 
445 175 Rand Mates Prop 
09 ia Rendhaaeai 
296 225 Ronton 
791 611 RTZ 
7V 4’a Roaltebun 
10V 5V SI HWM 5V 
1B8 70 SA Land 

31 MV South*#*! 

556 273 SUtontem 
138 80 Sungrt Bad 
138 73 Tronon 
509 300 Utert 
59V 3iv van Reek 

544 233 VanMtapoS 
105 50 WKftXWrtl 

90 35 VogMB 

17 10V Wankto Conwy 

545 2tt WB*om 

310 128 Westam Atom 
29V 15 MNMttei Deep 
198 114 westam Mavng 

206 113 wan Rand Corn 
uo 80 Whan Crook 

17V 7V wmkab 
56 20 WrMgal 

16V 10V Zantea Cdppar 
58 2# zandpan 





£23V • . 
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258 +8 

90 4& 


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.. 446 136 .. 

.. 271 67 .. 

.. 142 80 .. 

.. 1*2 60 .. 
.. 47-5 336 .. 

1-20 790 308 .. 
*5 260 286 .. 

.. 282 25.7 

-8 35J) 65 1Q.1 

*2 M 40 .. 

«3 46 aa .. 

+V 920 21.0 .. 
+V 128 169 .. 

+20 120 37 .. 

. . CJ 36 139 
+5 MO 1*6 .. 
-3 289 139 .. 

BSV 2*V Abata 
8« 88 Abed Lon 
93 70 Apex 

183 173 Aringron Secs 
138 85 EtolpM 
302 21 B Biton (P) 

595 440 BroOtord 
IBS 144 Br Land 

170 138 Brtmon 

46 38 Cent (A) ASona 
233 218 C4p A Comma 
290 200 Cartel Prop 
198 168 Canmmndal 
485 410 CneHertteid 

070 780 CALA 

171 131 Clarke Mckote 
278 16* Ctenalls 

20 14 Control Secs 

1*0 99 Country 6 New 

177 117 Camay -B‘ 

255 175 Cams 
755 470 Dartan 
19 8 Darns 

175 145 Eaaiaa 6 Agency 
120 «7 Egarton Truti 
120 105 Estakts Gen 
161 1*0 Estates Prop 
112 83 Evans Of Laods 
70 36 Fwe Oaw 

030 04 .. 
20 25 167 
29 37 168 

64 46 144 

17 I 59 149 
154 26 184 
43 25 144 
8.1 59 186 

Gr fiorttod 
Kateood Gp 

43 39 527 
07 08 .. 
36 37 2U 
121 87 156 

57 53 12.1 
.. 66 
10.1 49 129 

94 53 22.1 
W 13469 

130 -KSO 

17 -2 .... 07 

MV .. 609 129 .. 

EO 1 ! -V 879 134 .. 

CSV -V 469 69 .. 

348 -is 

40 .. 200 500 .. 

178 -K) 543 303 .. 

146 54 3.7 326 

£SV .. 826 123 .. 

188 -2 173 0.0 .. 

ESI -V 345 89 .. 

£6’- +’a 883 14.1 .. 

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80 *S 203 383 .. 

£8V ..115 179 .. 

200 e2 

68 44 


60 .. 179 203 .. 

22V -IV 

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E2V -V 239 84 .. 

77 +1 

34V 42 

211 V +V 

BO • .. .. 

208 -2 

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190 .. 123 63 57 

£42 551 13.1 .. 

273 -6 

534 -B 314 59 7.1 

CSV .. 269 49434 

-V 125 217 .. 

—5 . . 

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+■* 556 157 .. 

4-10 5*9 209 .. 
■+S 153 273 .. 

+5 43 106 57 

55 45 

40 +B 

15 -1 

300 *5 


£18* +V 

132 *1 

118 -2 


£7* +V 

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679 223 .. 
233 ISO .. 
171 103 .. 
33 23 .. 

129 102 .. 

400 204 Hamm CoutmywkJa305 
495 432V H am m aw o n 450 

485 41 Tl DO - *' 4*0. 

246 130 Hanover One# 2*8 

325 233 Hardangar 303 

375 270 lory 350 

185 155 Jtmttytt IBS 

320 273 Laatg Prop 300 

70 54 Land bwesus 76 

348 276 Land Sacmtws 323 

895 358 Lon 6 Edn Tit 640 

266 147 DO 6'/S 247 

266 218 Lon 6 Pro* Shop 250 

175 151 Lon Shop Prep in 

353 288 L yntan 3*0 

380 275 MEPC 336 

128 80 Udnomey 100 

iiB 105 UcKay Secs TIB 

56 4* Marwwam so 

200 125 Msniwa Moore 195 

77 60 MaiiborouiFi 71 

555 173 Matter Ea 530 

10V510 MoumMi EiO 

775 304 Mounmnr 720 

IDS 82 MucMow )AU) 103 

20 18V MuWqred £18 V 

130 n New ciavettdtsn 125 

05 43 Parkdrte 62 

282 2S5 Peachey 275 

2*3 72V Pnesi Marians 3« 

230 178 Prep 6 Ron 229 

155 1D7 Prop Hwgs 145 

177 106 Prop Seamy 174 

13V BV Raglan 12 v 

660 320 Begakun 580 

6« 313 RaMritute 620 

297 253 Rush ATOmpkats 270 

272 153 Samuel 258 

103 78 Sea Met 00 

103 142 Sbrai Embus 171 

445 260 SeeyhMfc 300 

173 144 Sand Sacs 165 

9* 66 Snckkn 93 

58 45 Town Centro 52 

260 IBS Traflort Part 231 

148 B5 UK Lana 135 

900 525 UM Real 885 

886 675 Warner 885 

610 475 Wamfore 590 

28 17V Webb (Jos) 23V 

175 1*2 West S Country 168 

49 49 284 
31 62 170 

39 18189 
09 19 379 
49a 09 529 
1*3 1.4 139 

7.1 1 0 11 0 
1.4 72 1S9 
173 09 363 

1.7 1.* 55.1 

23 29 129 
12 1 44 369 

Si* 29389 
42 29 30.0 

3.6 o 29 289 
01 06 . . 
57 1 0 289 

1.1 02 . . 
103 *0 113 

B4 13*03 
59 60223 

79 4.6 179 
13-6 33 20.4 

64 36 167 

1 4 Z7 314 
168 73 153 

204 23362' 
279 32 *0.1 

2*3 4 I 21 1 

07 67 823 

114 89 99 



2750 53 5* 
600 U 10 
159 4Jtl9 

3M 180 A8 Bm 348 -7 

i8i 120 Akteantanc if) • . 

128 38 AflWrtd 12* *« 

gg *8 Aon« Compuiara 48 -2 

98 63 Aden _ M 

900 205 Aoanw Comp 263 

58 *8 AudeROaiW -85 

220 MD AUM Sac 183 

370 2*0 WCC 278 

138 6* BSR 83 *2 

11.4 33 280 
2.1 13 169 

03 02 489 
00b 14 38 
.. . 3*3 

30 1* 8* 
. . 17.8 
23 13129 
167 52 165 
29 29 59 

148 BS 
138 100 
6*2 214 
630 310 
335 240 
205 1*0 
123 » 

153 84*: 
200 105 
174 147 
256 178 
62 35 
147 133 
400 IBS 
335 157 
385 265 
289 220 
24V BV 
S3 258 
22v IBS 
123 75 

883 918 
87 62 
47V 33V 
50 35 
199 110 
il< 139 
W 115 
803 1B8 
M3 87 
323 198 
423 206 
145 34 
34 15 
49 2S 
190 154 
30 19 

73 48 
303 200 
282 136 
S3 59 

102 56 
58 25\- 
90 58 
4T0 253 
120 58 
SBV 25V 
8 9 

25 13 

83 *5 

BuuA _ 130 

Basmaod 593 

esa 1 ’ 0 s 

Bdten (J) 103 

Bmnd Q t a fl nwt 1*1 

Ban w cha m Mm 163 

Btac Arrow ISO 

Black (Paw) 2*1 

Btokanod Hatlgf *2V 


BnapOrtGutty 208 

SB. 1 ^*** 

fr vS™ 0 314 

Broken Hd 313 

BE" 1 

Brown 6 Tawse i7i 


CenSid'&tg 0 " 1 00 
Ctoaro tod 51 

ca w 70 

Sftf* 9 

GessS 32‘- 

S i" 

Cnaraerin 6 H9 100 
Charter tent 3*3 
Cnarnma 640 

OaMM 285 
Oraly Hurd 48 
CtatefGtaam) 244 

79 78 409 
&t 47269 
89 1.7 282 

66 10 442 
99 40 M.6 
3.* 19 359 
59 49119 
61 43 135 
68 59 99 
71 47 67 
£4 19 22.7 

19D 63 87 

29 GB 238 
66 28 123 

17.1 49 150 

10.1 69 163 

179 80 144 
32 39 69 
21 40222 
05 12 260 
71 49 90 

74 38 183 
14 1.1 650 
111 4011.1 
49 38 121 
10.0 62163 

19 10 199 
07 29 28.1 

20 66 73 
HU 89 101 

3 OV FlauprH 
162 116 Rate*. . 
130 96 ***>[*) 

38 17 

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>r\ » r>.w\-i w»jx a x 

Rhead, the chairman, told the 
annual meeting that unaudited 
pretax profit for the three 
months to June 30 rose to £2.6 
million (£2JJ million last time). 

ment has been reached for the 
purchase of West Investments, a 
private holding company, with 
three trading subsidiaries and a 
substantia] minority stake in an 
associate. The price will be the 
initial issue of 1 .7 million shares 
at 60p each. Further shares may 
be issued, based on profits, up to 
a maximum of 3-3 million. 

has been bought. The initial 
consideration was £7 million — 
£3.78 million in cash and the 
issue of 1.31 million ordinary 
shares. The vendors have agreed 
to retain their shares for a 
minimum of one year. 

BANK (an associate of Barclays 
Bank): Six months to June 30. 
Pretax income R 127.4 million 
(£32.8 million), against R40.4 
million. Interim dividend 35 
cents (35 cents). 

A one-for-four scrip issue is 
being proposed by Peter Black 
Holdings, a manufacturer and 
distributor of consumer goods. 
Ip tbe year fo May 3, tmmorer 
rose from £83.28 million to 
£106.85 million, while pretax 
profit expanded bom £4.88 mil- 
lion to £6.27 million. The final 
dividend is being raised from 
l.lp to t-25p, making a total of 
JJKp. against l.62p. Earnings 
per share reached 12.24p, com- 
pared with 10.99p. Tbe board is 
optimisti c on prospects. 

Interim dividend 1.76p (same), 
payable on Oct 21. Turnover 
£6.2 million (£5.08 million) for 
the six months to May 31. 
Pretax profit £546.630 
(£300,733). Earnings per shares 
3.3Sp (2.23p). The board ex- 
pects that, if the current record- 
breaking sales performance 
continues, tbe final dividend 
will be increased. 

INGS: A subsidiary. Asda Prop- 
erties. has exchanged contracts 
for the purchase of the freehold 
interest in 10-11 Charterhouse 
Square in the City of London for 
£3.82 million in cash. The 
property comprises some 28,500 
sq ft net of offices, with 16 car 

• SIEMENS: Nine months to 
June 30. World net profit 
DM9SS million (013 million), 
against DM1.05 billion. World 
turnover DM33.5 billion 
(DM41.3 billion). 

months to June 30. Pretax profit 
023.000 (£296.000). Earnings 
per share Up (0.86 p). 


March 31. Total dividend 5p 
(4p). Turnover £27.97 million 
(£26 million). Pretax profit 
£1.83 million (£1.43 
miIlion).The board explains that 
the higher profit was due almost 
entirely to the bingo division. 
Earnings per share I7_26p 
(12.4 Ip). So fer in the current 
year, bingo continues to per- 
form well, but the football pools 
side is still making only slight 
progress. The early signs are mat 
Zeners should produce a 
satisfactory result in 1986/7. 

application is to be submitted 
for outline planning permission 
for a major retail Toodstore at 
London Road, Amersbain, 
Buckinghamshire. This 
development would include tbe 
former Bowyers* factory and the 
adjacent Buckinghamshire 
County Council Highways 

pany is raising about £2.4 
million, after expenses, by an 
underwritten rights issue. 
Terms: four new ordinary shares 
for every nine held at 34p a 
share. Part of tbe proceeds will 
used in repaying bank borrow- 
ings. The directors also plan to 
expand the Ultrasonic activity 
at the operations in West Ger- 
many and France. 

terim dividend 1-2p(1.2p). Sales 
£44.2 million (£44.52 million) 
for the half-year to March 31. 
Pretax profit £1.2 million (£2. 1 1 
million). Earnings per share 
2.36p (5.l9p). 

HOLDINGS: Year to May 3 (53 
weeks last lime). Total dividend 
3.9 lp (2.96p). Turnover £43.29 
million (£35.6 million). Pretax 
profit £6.26 million (£4.23 mil- 
lion). Earnings per share 14.20p 

• ML HOLDINGS: Total divi- 
dend 8p (7p) for the year to 
March 31. Net turnover £57.16 
million (£37.77 million). Pretax 
profit £2.1 7 million (£1.41 mil- 
lion). Earnings per share (ad- 
justed) 26.5p (17.9p). 

months to June 30. Interim 
dividend 1.4p ( l.4p), payable on 
Oct 30. The board intends at 
least to maintain the 22p final. 
Turnover £1.04 million 
(£876,000). Pretax profit 
£796,000 (£1 million). Earnings 
per share 2J5p (3.35p). 

Year to March 31. Total divi- 
dend 9.95p (8.65p). Turnover 
£6.51 million (£4.67 million). 
Pretax profit £582,000 
(£477,000). Earnings per share 
39.67p (21.9 1 p). The board is 
proposing the purchase and 
cancellation of the preference 
capital. It is also recommending 
a scrip issue to ordinary holders 
on a nine-for-one basis. 

• AIM GROUP: Year to April 
30. Total dividend unc h a n ged at 
5-75p- Turnover £24. 1 6 million 
(£16.71 million). Pretax profit 
£1.73 million (£1.72 million). 
Earnings per share 9.6p (8.9p). 

This wholly-owned subsidiary 
of General Electric of the US is 
expanding into the British mar- 
ket by setting up a company 
which will provide finance on 
much the same basis as its 
parent does in the US. 

sults for the six months to June 
30 include an interim dividend 
of l.lp on the income shares. 
The board intends to pay a final 
of not less than 3. Jp. 

INGS: A final dividend of 0.1 p 
(same) is being raid for the year 
to April 30. Turnover £1.17 
million (£1.43 million). Pretax 
profit £12,000 (loss £91,000). 
Earnings per share (before 
extraordinary items) O.lp (loss 

Plans fo raise about £1<L8 
million (net) by a rights issne 
were amMmnced yesterday by 
Marler Estates, a property 
group based in Worthing, West 
Sussex. The terms of the issue, 
which has been underwritten, 
are one new ordinary share for 
every two already held at 450p 
each. Marler is lifting its divi- 
dend fer the year to March 25 
last from 3p fo 4p a share. Groop 
tnrnover almost trebled to £&5 
million, against £3 million last 
time. But pretax profit dropped 
from £648,000 to £366,000. 

The company has completed a 
private European placing. An 
issue of 8 per cent subordinated, 
convertible debentures, which 
was underwritten as to CanSlO 
million by Kleinwort 
Grieveson. was dosed with 
Can$13 million (£6-3 million) 
having been raised. Galactic is 
now going ahead with the 
private pladng of up to Can$7 
million of 8 per cent subordi- 
nated, convertible debentures. 

Dividend 232p for the year to 
March 31. Turnover £3.41 mil- 
lion (£2.97 million). Pretax 
profit (as per prospectus) 
£410.910 (£322,987). Earnings 
per share, before extraordinary 
items. 5.4p (4_2p). 

MALAYSIA: No dividend for 
the year to March 31 (against 43 
sen). Pretax loss MSI. 9 1 million 
(£478.000), against a loss of 
M$57,000. Loss per share 
(excluding extraordinary items) 
56 sen (27 sen). 

• id 

Report on the half-year ended 30 June 1986 

Pre-tax profits for theMidlandBank Group for the six months ended30 June 
1986 were £195m, an increase of£44m or 2996 on the first half ofl985. 

Earnings per share increased from 22.5p to 39-2p and the interim dividend 
is raised from lip to 11.5p per share. 

The Group as a whole enjoyed the benefits of good trading conditions in the 
markets in which it operates and all of its business sectors contributed to the 
improved performance. Considerable progress was made towards the 
implementation of the Group’s key business strategies. 

6 months 

6 months 





30 June 

30 June 

31 Dec. 





































Group Results (Unaudited) 

Profit before taxation (Note 2) 


Profit after taxation 
Minority interests 

Profit before extraordinary items 
Extraordinary items 

Profit attributable to members of Midland 
Bank pic 

Retained profit 

Earnings per share 


1. There have been no changes to the accounting policies set out m the 19B5 annual report and accounts. 
The ctiaige tor taxation is based on the expected effective rate for (he year. 

2. Analysis of profit before taxation of Midland Bank pic and its subsxfcaries 

6 months 6 months Ye 

ended axled endc 

30 June 30 June 31 be 
1986 1965 19t 

Em Em E 

Interest receivable 2505 3.090 5,9! 

Interest payable (Note 3) 2.150 2£76 4.3* 

Net interest income 755 814 1,61 

Other operating Income 695 563 1J21 

Operating income 1,450 1,377 2JB 

Operating expenses: 

Staff 623 6041 [ 1,15 

R-emlses and eqwpmwrt 196 2071 41 

Other 242 2461 47 

Trading profit before charge forbad and doubtful debts 
Charge for bad and doubtful debts 

Trading profit 

Share of profits of associated companies 

Profit before taxation 

3. Interest payable includes interest payable on deposits, longterm borr o wings, subordinated loan capital 
and perpetual floating rate notes. 

4. The Group results for the year ended 31 December 1 965 have been derived from the full accounts for lhal 
year which have been delivered to the Registrar of Companies and onwhich the auditors game an 
unqualified report. 

A full copy of the press release is available from the Secretary Midland Bank pic. Head Office. Poultry. 

London EC2P2BX, Tel: 01*606991 1 Ext. 2542. 

Midland Bank Group 

Derek Hams reports a different view on dump in hotel bookings Financial 

Occupancy rates, the hotel trade’s • J a "■ • , ■_ 

Did too men I not work, 

a ec points at some London hotels in 

Occupancy rates, the hotel trade’s 
crucial benchmark for profitability, 
dropped between 20 and 30 percent- 
age points at some London hotels in 
the first half of this year, from last 
year's high peaks. 

But with some recovery in demand 
now emerging, even the worst affected 
hotels could end 1986 with annual 
occupancy levels of at least 65 per 

This was revealed yesterday by Mr 
Jonathan Bodlender, m anag in g direc- 
tor of Horwath & Horwath (UK), a 
leading hotel and leisure consultancy, 
which is part of the Stoy Hayward 
accountancy and advisory group. 

Horwath's latest annual report on 
the hotel industry forecast that North 
Americans would regain confidence in 
Britain as a tourism destination, 
leaving London with a severe shortage 
of hotel rooms by the middle of the 
next decade. 

Where investment, through pur- 
chase and refurbishment, has been at 
the high levels of the last few years in 
the capital, a full-year occupancy rale 
of about 65 per cent is unlikely to be 
enough to achieve profitability. Even 
higher rates could still leave some 
hotels with profits under extreme 

prices keep 
tourists away? 

But for many London hotels 
the 65 percent mark probably 
represents a break-even point 

pancies drop to 50 per 
ceil L~ Average room rates 
achieved have tended to be at 

on profitability with 70 per similar levels to 1985, the 
cent occupancy representing greater # availability of 
reasonable returns. discounting balancing initially 

. . higher tarifis,” he said. 

Occupancy rates improved 

throughout the country last The downturn could have 
year compared with 19m, the been due more to price sec- 
biggest rise being in hotels sitivity than to American fears 
outside London, except for 
Scotland, where tbe rise was . . 

marginal, the Horwath report AS VlSltOFS StflTl 

sh0W5, says there co 

upttSS shortage of roomi 

to 81 per cent last year — ■ ■ 

although trade reports in- . . . 

dicate that individual hotels in ® terrorism, suggested Mr 
1985 were seeing rates of 90 Bodlender. The dSoa of tariff 
per cent or mor? increases at hotels en- 

couraged by the boom of 1 985, 
But in the first half of this had been compounded this 
year London occupancies ap- year by the increased value of 
pear to have fluctuated sterling a gains t the American 
widely, according to Mr dollar 
Bodlender. The least affected _ . , . . . 

hotels have seen a drop of This years tourist numbers 
between 10 and 15 percentage W grow to be below those 
points while others have had 198ys record bQt ' JjJ 

declines of more than 20 or “ merrase over 1984, 

even 30 per cent, he sakL even though that was a good 
Some hotels had seen occu- year, he said. He foresaw a 

There had been signs of a 
revival since mid-June with 
many hotels experiencing a 
recovery in demand during 
July. With increasing op- 
timism for the rest of the year, 
especially if sterling continued 

major obstacles to hotel 
development. The future of 
the hotel industry depends on 
their satisfactory solution," he 

A report on the regions 

• In England the short-break 

By Richard Thomson 

Banking Correspondent 

Banks and securities houses 
are strongly critical of the new 
framework of investment leg- 
islation set out in the Finan- 
cial Services Bill, in particular 
its relevance to_ international, 
institutional business. Few be- 
lieve it will provide a work- 
able framework of regulation 
or ensure regulatory equality 
for all those participating in 
financial markets. 

A survey published by 
Deloitte Haskins & Sells, the 
chartered accountants, reveals 
that a majority of institutions’ 
regard the legislation as being 
designed for “Aunt Agathas” 
and not for professional inves- 
tors. The survey is based on 
interviews with executives of 
59 British and foreign banks 
and securities firms. 

Fewer than 30 per cent of 
those interviewed see the leg- 
islation as providing excellent 
or good protection for pro- 
fessional investors, while 66 
per cent believe there will be 1 
no particular benefit for their 
own organization. 


to weaken, probably firmer mar fcet continues to increase 
average room rates would be and j s still the area of greatest 

obtained, he said. 

As visitors start to return, survey 
says there could be a severe 
shortage of rooms by the mid-1990s 

Berger Britain: Mr John 
Cawte becomes export direc- 
tor and Mr Phillip Medcalf 
managing director of the 
company's subsidiary, 

Retail Consortium: Mr 
John Salisse becomes 

Midland Bank: Mr 
Archibald Foreter, Mr Geof- 
frey Maitland Smith and Sir 
Eric PonntaiB have been made 
directors. _ 

Focus in Education: Mr 
Talbot Hainaalt becomes 
chairman and Mr Ivo Bondy, 
Mr Peter BadmaU, Mr Mau- 
rice Plaskoir and Mr Leslie 
Ryder directors. 

Anton Domestic Appli- 
ances: Mr Simon Butler has 
been made director and gen- 
eral manager. 

Dominion International 
Group: Mr Eric Walters joins 
as managing director on 
September 1. 

Cadbury Schweppes: Mr 
Paul Spencer has been named 
director of treasury. 

Towry Law & COc Mr 
Christopher Backhouse has 
bran appointed a director. 

Department for National 
Savings: Mr JA Patterson has 
been made a director, succeed- 
ing Mr SW Gilbert, and Mr 
GR Wilson deputy 
director,succeeding Mr 

Moulinex: Mr Barry 
WOImore has been made sales 

NBS: Mr Jhn Clark has 
become managing director. 

Girdlestone Pumps: Mr 
Derek HOI has been made 
director and general manager. 

Tate & Lyle Sugars: Mr 
Richard Shirtdiff has become 
chief executive. 

Standard Chartered: Mr 
Rkhard Stein becomes group 
finance director in September. 

Odens Securities UK: Mr 
Paul Newman has been named 
chief executive: 

Daiwa Europe: Mr Nicho- 
las Clegg is to be appointed to 
the board as a managing 

Agricola UK: Sir Alan 
Campbell has joined the 

S&W Berisford; Mr Henry N 
Lewis has been made a non- 
executive director. 

Aberfoyle Holdings: Mr 
David W Hardy has joined the 
board, with Mr Colin H Black 
joining the board of Westar 

of terrorism, suggested Mr 
Bodlender. The effect of tariff 
increases at hotels, en- 
couraged by the boom of 1 985, 
bad been compounded this 
year by the increased value of 
sterling against the American 

This year's tourist numbers 
may prove to be below those 
of 1985's record but may well 
show an increase over 1984, 
even though that was a good 
year, he said. He foresaw a 
firm upward trend in overseas 
visitots as lower oil prices led 
lo lower inflation, a weaker 
sterling and reduced transport 

Mr Bodlender said: “This 
year's decline in the number of 
visitors from North America 
is little more than a temporary 
hiccough.’ 1 

He expected London to still 
free a problem of undersupply 
of rooms by tbe middle of the 
next decade. An earlier 
Horwath study identified a 
shortfall of between 16,000 
and 28,000 hotel rooms by the 
early 1990s and between 
30,000 and 64,000 rooms by 
tbe middle of the decade. The 
capital's existing stock is put 
at 91,000. 

The fundamental issue for 
London was bow lo handle 
this demand. Its role as a key 
gateway city was crucial to the 
development of British tour- 
ism, said Mr Bodlender. 

“Planning constraints, cau- 
tion in the financial commu- 
nity towards hotel 
construction and a lack of 
understanding about the bene- 
fits from tourism are three 

potential growth. There is a 
- — trend to develop budget-price 


V • In Wales, hotel occupancy 
has increased slightly but the 
report warns that tourism may 

05 not be the solution everybody 
in Wales seeks as the answer 
to high unemployment It 

to still adds: “Nobody can change a 
supply wet western dimate and, al- 
; of the though theme parks and other 
earlier attractions are successful, they 
lied a must be within easy access of 
16.000 vast centres of population.” 
by the Wales must capitalize on its 
»tween record as a value-for-money 
ms by destination. 

6 The • Forecasts for Scotland's 
is nut 1986 season are “somewhat 

pessimistic” but more hotels 
lie for ai* being built or are planned 
kanrfje in a country where more of 
, a igy such investment is much 
,he needed, says the report. It 
l toy- adds: “Hotels outside the 
main population centres, with 
a few notable exceptions, do 
*» cau ~ not meet international market 
mmu- expectations.” 
hotel United Kingdom Hotel In- 
k* °f dustrv 1986 : Horwath & 
'bow- Horwath (UK), 8 Baker Street, 
three London W I M 1 DA: £20. 

thought the legislation would 
damage their client relation- 
ships by forcing them to! 
charge higher fees to meet the 
cost of complying with the.’ 

There was also doubt about' 
the position of the Securities, 
and Investments Board, the- 
regulatory body on which the, 
system is based. Only 39 per- 
cent of those interviewed were 
confident that the SIB would > 
be able to maintain its polio-.' 
cal independence in the long 

But optimism about the Bill 
also showed through, with 70 
per cent believing that it was 
possible to demonstrate w 
outsiders and customers that 
Chinese walls are effective. 

Scotch exports 
rise 2% 

Scotch whisky exports rose 
2 per cent in volume in the 
first half of this year with their 
value up 6 per cent to £483 
million, the Scotch Whisky 
Association said. 

In the 12 months to the end 
of June, exports to 190 world 
markets were worth £1,200 
million. In the British market, 
duty payments in the last 
financial year indicated a 6 per 
cent growth. 


Continued Growth 
In A Centenary Year 



Adam & Company 


Citibank Sawngsf 

ConsoMated Cids 

Continental Trust 

Co-operative Bank 

C. Hoars & Co 

Hong Kong & Shanghai, 

Lloyds Bark 

Nat Westminster = 





- 10100 % 

- 10 . 00 % 


.... 10 . 00 % 

— 10 . 00 % 


- 10 . 00 % 

Royal Bank of Scotland— 10.00% 

TS8 10.00% 

Citibank NA 10.00% 

Base Rate. 

Success, like adversity, presents 
special challenges. For Heinz in fiscal 
1986. the principal challenge was a 
welcome one: lo improve once more, as 
we have done time and time ogam, a 
long-term record of rising performance. 

Fiscal 1 986 is our 22nd consecutive 
year erf new records for sales, earnings 
and earnings per share. This is a most 
attractive background against which to 
consider the impact of a century-old 
turning point, the foreign operations 
that hove spread ripple-fashion as the 
traceable consequence of a single safe 
made in 19th-century London. 

These foreign operations function 
under a high degree of focal autonomy. 
They grra Heinz a series of solid 
foundations around the world m the 
form of companies perceived not as 
outposts of an empire headquartered 
for a wav, but as independent, potent 
and enduring forces for good in their 
various home markets. 

The results for fiscal 1986 lead us to 
one sure conclusion: carefully 
cultivated, success breeds more and 
more success. 

That this is true can be seen in a 

S ick review of the past decade. During 
rt time, our gross profits, which help 
to fuel our marketing mechanism, 
almost tripled, while our gross profit 
margin in relation to net sales escalated 
by 34%. In the loiter half of the decode, 
our market capitalization more than 
tripled and total return to shareholders 
— the sum of reinvested dividends and 
appreciation in the price of the stock — 
more than quintupled 

At the start of calendar 1986, the 
adjusted price of one shore of Heinz 
stock was just over four times the price 
at the start of calendar 1981. 

A good portion of the aedit for this 
record must be directed to the 
managers of our subsidiary companies, 
who have hewed to the guidelines set 

forth by Worid Headquarter*. They 
hove mode an indispensable 
contribution to the new culture 
embodied in our low-cost-operator 

Another part of the credit for our 
success con be traced loo policy of 
substantial investment as we refuse to 
let funds fie idle when they could be put 
to profitable use. 

In moriceting, for instance, we hove 
ait the bonds that might restrain the 

Dr. A. J. F, O'Reilly, Chief Executive. 


Pre fax profits: 
After tax profits: 
Net Earnings up: 13.4% 
Earnings per Share up: 14% 

Hmid, for experience fells us that in this 
"|9™y competitive business, to stand 
*11 is to lose ground. 

While recognfong the glamour that 
attends the introduction of suc cess ful 
new products, we know that we must 
not reloxin defense of our established 
brands. The wisdom of this course was 
proveaonce again when Heinz U.S A. 
^ its ketch “p. a product more 

" KS1 **j*?l* sometimes 
“Specteo of being "mature", rose fo 
new heights lost year, bringing in more 
revenue man ever before andeopturina 
more than half of the market for the 
first hme in history. 

At the same time, we recorded o 
massive outpouring of new products, 
distinguished by superior taste, 
convenience and nutrition. 

Another sizable portion of our 

hove given us the most efficient 
manufacturing capabilities m our 
history. Here ogam, as with our 
products, we may view the effort in 
terms of two c a tegories: those now on 
line and those that are yet to come. 

In the former category, we hove such 
developments as the construction of 
storage space to handle the growing 
needs of factories in Ohio, California, 
Holy and Zimbabwe. 

In the second of the two categories, 
entirely new factories were completed, 
under way or on the drawing boards in 
California, Chino, South Korea mid 

Beyond these, we conc e ntrated on 
me outright purchase of existing 
businesses, in whole or in part, in 
activity that has accelerated at Heinz in 
recent yearn. While we do not believe 
mot acquisition is always the proper 
rwite to follow, we do (mow mat it can 
,0 _j m e t u ^y arK ^ economically into 
market sectors and geographical areas 
where our entry might otherwise be 
considerably mare difficult. 

Certainly, the moves of the past 
decode have paid off well. For an 
expenditure of only S370 million, we 
w ere a ble to acquire companies whose 
current earnings contribution, if valued 
at today's market multiples in the 15-18 
range would hove a value of more than 
SI billion. In another mode of 
mMsurement, every one of those 
dollars grew into $2 JO of current 
market value. Our ability to make these 
moves without the use of stock has 
protected shorehddws against dilation 
ot their investment. 

We expect that some day in the nor 

too distant future we will be able to 

report comparable results for the 
investments mode in fiscal 1986. notably 
mose that involved such units as Cordio- 
mness Corporation, a logical extension 
of our capabilities in health-related 
operations) Frutsi Alimenfida, which 
fok« w for Hie first time into Brazil, 
5 mer,c «> knrgeit country; and 
Korea, whose economic vitality s 
troftf-page news throughout the free 

friJAfi a! we HT* Hwt we hove 
odvaneed the vision displayed 
by the Founds of this company when 
he strode boldly through the door of a 

PL on Londons 
r*cc acuity Street a century ago. 


wronce. we hove investments went toward enlargement P 00 ^ « a 

jh.roTC.nrh. andn.prarcnw.of.h.fadh^'K * 





n °‘ W t 

says (v 


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A lift for the loan guarantee scheme 

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and .... 

UtSA J I,.. 

The Government's loin guarantee 
scheme (LGS). which makes it easier for 
small businesses to get loans of up to 
£75,000, Is biog rennd by improver 
meats in trod seed in the last Budget, 
writes Derek Harm. 

Id May &e applications rate jmnped 
by three times, from about 50 a month in 
the filial quarter of but year to last ander , 
150 01 May,toflowed by 107 in Jn«.Tbe 
rate of applfcathms could rise to 400 a 
month, according to David Trippier, 

minister for small businesses at the 
Department of Employment. He is 
optimistic- too that the failure rate of 
businesses helped by the scheme witi laD 
from the present one in three. He said: 
“By the ead of next year I hope fee rate 
will be down to one in five." - 
In the Budget the cost to borrowers was 
reduced by hairing the premium paid on 
the guaranteed portion of loans. The 
premium is now 15 per cent over and 
above the going ratefor bank' loans on the 

70 per cent guaranteed portion of loans 
taken oat This means the net premium 
on a loan overall is L75 per cent 
The banks, pleased that the new LGS 
will ran for three years, thas enabling 
them to lay firm marketing plans, are 
dearly throwing more of their weight 
behind the scheme. Applications are also 
being dealt with in an average of eight 
days, compared with three weeks in 1983. 
Bat Mr Trippier wants to reduce this 
period even tether. • 

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By Derelc Harris 
Barsby Prince, a design consultancy 
rooted in the Midlands but with growing 
international- connections, is in its 
thirteenth year. But for. the two men 
behind it, this month has been the lucky 
one. • 

The consultancy’s growth has dictated 
the expansion of studios and offices at 
Leicester, bringing investment on buying 
and refurbishing premises to more than 
£250.000. To ' the opening this month 
came the Chancellor of the Ex c h e quer, 
although be attended primarily in his 
role as the local MP, for Blaby.“This 
young company,** said Nigel Lawson, “is 
clearly going places.” 

The equal partners in the consultancy 
are Michad Barsby, who is 47, and Ray 
Prince, 10 years his junior, who oould 
aim trice pleasure from a glance at the 
books- Turnover in the last foil year was 
just over £2 million, with the business 
showing healthy profits. 

But Mr Barsby remembers that in the 
first year of the business, turnover was 
only £17,000. The pair raised £2,000 as 
start-up capital by cashing in their 
pension rights' earned in the jobs they 
had thrown up 

He commented: “That first year we 
managed to live; but only just.” It was 
the period of the miners* strike and the 
three-day week, so woric was hard to 
come by. 

It was Mr Barsby who had first gone it 
alone. He was joined a year later by Mr 
Prince, who had taken on Mr Barsby’s 
old design job at the East Midlands 
Electricity Board in Nottingham. 

The equal partners have seen their 
business grow steadily after that strug- 
gling start. They now have a marketing 
representative in the eastern United 
Slates with transatlantic commissions, 
mainly involving exhibitions being 
mounted by US companies in the UK 
and Europe, accounting for about 15 per 
cent of turnover. So ter, woric for 
European companies, although increas- 
ing, is not a big part of the business 

Lucky thirteenth year for design 
consultants Michael Barsby* . 
left, and Ray Prince 

Mr Barsby said: “We have always tried 
to avoid specialization so that we could 
provide a service across' the design 
spectrum, although we have now col- 
lected a team of specialists to refine the 

They emphasize a strong involvement 
with clients and they like the practical 
benefits of their woric to be deariy 
quantifiable by clients. These now 
include, as wefl as a wide span of 
Midlands businesses, many big compa- 
nies — from Sperry and Westinghouse to 
Imperial Chemical Industries and 

Mr Barsby said: “We nave never relied 
on loans but have just ploughed back 
whatever we can out of profits. Now we 
are having an internal debate on whether 
we should have an office in London. 
Perhaps we could pick up more national 
business by doing that, but having our 
production facilities in Leicester means 
we have lower costs. Salary scales, for 
instance, are lower.” 

The next big step could be at .least five 
years away when it might be logical for 
the partnership to look to a flotation on 
the unlisted securities market Mr Barsby 
said: “That would be with expansion in 
mmd. More than anything, we are keenly 
committed designers.” 

Scotch e\pt 
rise 2 P ) 


f ;.. . 


I * A 
\ - 

! v 


Infctf ? ** 
*alh A 

ffr : . , 


■ An Insight into Entrepreneurship 
course at Leeds University will be 
repeated from September 15*17 with 
places for up to 40 students and young 
managers to learn about the 


The programme, designed with Industry, 
commerce government and local 
enterprise agencies, includes case 
studies and guidance In drawing up 
bank-proposal presentations. The £30 fee 
covers accommodation, meals and 
materials. - 

•Contact Dr Richard SiddaB, . 

Director, Careers Service, University of 
Leeds. Leeds LS29JT. 

■ Binder Hamlyn, the accountants, 
have brought out a new edition* of a 
guide to the various fonts of 
government help on offer as incentives to 
businesses. The guide covers 
.European community aid as well as that 
available from the British Government 
Since the last edition less than a year ago 
10 schemes have been withdrawn end 
another 24 added to or amended. 


Binder Hamlyn, for a fee, also offers 
access to a daily-updated information 
retrieval system, developed with the 
University of Strathclyde, on sources of 
government help. 

' Government Help lor Your Business, 
May 1966: £5 from Binder Hamlyn, 8 St 
Bride Street London EC4A4DA; 
phone 01 -353 3020. 

■ York City Councfi has put up 
£250,000 to help small businesses in the 
area In a low-cost loans scheme 
launched this week by York Enterprise 
Limited (YEL), a local enterprise 
agency, writes Derek Harris. The idea is 
to give pump-priming aid to young 
businesses unable to raise enough 
money from conventional sources 
such as the clearing banks. 

On offer wiB be loans, which could be 
unsecured, between £500 and £25DOO 
with repayment normally needed 
within five years. The interest rate wM be 
fixed at 13 per cent a year or 3 per 
cent over base rate,. whichever is the 
lower. Businesses wffl normally have 
to show that jobs wfll either be created or, 
in the case or more established 
businesses, sustained by a loan. 


T do wish people would stop saying 
• that tiie worry is taking years off me 

YEL plans to extend further its 
financial services to include guarantee 
and equity schemes as well as 

service. Help from the service will be 
part of the new loans scheme. 
•Contact: York Enterprise, 1 

York YOI 2QE ; phone ( 0904) 




NEXT! ? • 

but not time yobiiffi 
and no one else avail- 
able to sort it out? 
Based in Tampa, in the 
fastest growing state, 
the groundwork for you 
- expertly. Whether it 
takes 6 weeks or 6 
months it costs the 
same. To arrange first 
discussion soonest 
phone Roger King to- 
day or at th e weekend 
(0303) 67636 or write 
31, Castle Road, Hytbe, 

■> r • • . 

iV » •. 
t» r • - 

few *■-’ "■ 

fr. - 

'4r"**vv 0 * w 

v ; * 

.j t • ■ 1 

r "* ' 

W tf* T- - 

m '• 

w*v .- 


*•«►-* ** s 




Managing Director of 
leading and largest 
manufacturers of ex- 
cellent quality thrust 
ball bearings from 
India is visiting 
England in second had. 
of August Interested 
parties may write toe 

Mrs. D. Abbott, 
56 Broad Green, 
or phone 
0933 73404 

•r**'** ** 4-k ‘ “ 



».*■**—•* ' ‘ 


wishes to MrUas* 

DC PBESSCS n good con* 
son. from 600 to 2000 tm. (tnofe- 

Tefephm aOMMUUnn 
_] 72S 11 ZZ 
Telex. 5M79 

DrfttttM ... 

SJL, Or* SHtHBL Ul St, 
PfLBH pWUM) Ssato 

kg rwuNMa m cHenaa. imw 

ra nwifws and cwnoaiUec wtin 
building product* uiiemts we 

looking lor further acgutsntom. 
wp wodM Hfcc fg Imr hgw yea 
would prolii m> knowing tub 
UndvtPM UnnmiHih. 3 and S 
Park Sfrm. Stow on the WokL 


f h-e* 

- ; 



* ' 

I*** . 

. r< 




per month part time 
from Residential Prop- 
erty Management. 
Unique opportunity to 
acquire a thriving and 
established business 
with strong potential for 
further growth. Very tow 
outgoings and easily rim 
from home. 


Enter (0392) 79615. 

. ■- A-’! 

K > 

t ' 


Private Limited Com- 
pany. Assets Freehold 
Industrial Property. Close 
London (Heathrow) Air- 
port. M2& Returns high 
rental annual income. 
Would consider Freehold 

Reply to BOX D2S 




> Fara^r^ — . . 

•i ttogjposad.1fliHin%n»S 
Ttwma andnewferaa park.' 
Laroa comer shop, 
resxfentai area, prat 
toal tar expansion. 3 
bads, stowar. toilet, 
stock room, smaKbed or 
office Bfc. louige, lot, doer, 
courtyard and garage 
Uwdy decor. 

0705 832015 


Heaffli food supplier, own 
brand name Vftwtesome 
choice' suoptyira retaB outlets. 
Turoov»ll(»fo0+. Lots oi 

For further information write to: 

Craatry Foods LbL, 
PO Box 220, 
Aylesbury, Backs 


Pro sp e r ous erne. London 
SW, annual com mi ssions 
£80,000+, conskteraWe 
scope, AHTA and IATA 8- 

Telephone 0222 494201 
9am to 12J90 noon ■ 


DCrOUTTMIEII noubW by «. 
pswUne flnanev mwan y. 
. Minority saaretaowlnfl ccanid- 
cM. Renty to BOX DU. 




Required for client 
record company for a 

programme of Wgh tech, 
high quality digitally 
recorded popular major 
classical works, series to 
be recorded in UK under 
top name producers 

Marytaboae Management 
Sendees LhL, PO Bex 212, 
Lepdon SW3 2H. 

01-730 7291 

Telex No. 8955771 
Fax No. Ot-589 0711 


If you want tt> buy a busi- 
ness venture Capital Report 

each year. For 
sample and Mf detain; 

20 BeMwtat Stoat, 
Bristol 1 

Tefc 0272 2722S0 


WA estaMdHd and suecwsM 
damproofing/tnAer treatment 
and wsal outon twsrass tor 
sale, ubtodatoaudodacccuas 
ratable to interested games. 
Good office & warehouse 
.premees n M*»nd treat. Pferey 
ot scope for aduncemem. 
Reply to BOX GS1 


Credit card 
manufacturing plant 
£500.000 turnover. 
Offers invited. 


BOX D32 

DtSltH tanany tOu Men), 
tv to date pMtttytM- HUtna 
njuloraml tnnd to nrwmuier 
<iK nuguttr mduciton. rot 

ino work Good miSK laDour. 
Meiagrmcnt »rr»ifp 
sitofl or lone mm if mnnrva. 
£00.000 * SAV Rmy to BOX 

moToti w iiT « rmssMo 

town to ml Soumamvtoa. 

law mill oM mlf» 1990. 
Stork, maivnmu. wx«wUI ck 
CSOjQOO DW 0705 5S335- 


cmn & Doremiai <o an« ♦ 

Oifm 01 731 0732 (Friday*. 


tram tome, 
patenoal, regular repetf or- 
ders. Ifeh Profit maroris. 
posM cam how, mumal 
overheads, no stock require- 
ments. no 'selling 1 

AMDHCW* MAKKCr«f«i »9 into 
the Amman marker. Census 
trx- spenahstt la AnstoAmen- 

caa business by writing with 

full Oetatls or products and 
obwrtlve* to J.M. Associate*. 
PO Box 191. Oku nib. va 
23066. USA. 

rnwgea in the wholesale of ex- 
dusjve reatties * furnishing 
bferta to presior mar ken seeks 
BES inseslon (o achieve 
growth plan*. Reply to BOX 

£50.000 to otn- muttal advan- 
tage Reply to BOX CiL 

LOOKING for a 
smiN hvestmt? 

Potontial still exists 
within sports and leisure 
market For professional 
counseling cal SIS, 
Cambridge on (0223) 
356682, anytime. 

oiaitbkb Accaomns 

Seek poWMta partners wWt 
the view to promoting further 

The successful appficard wH I 
'have drive met good el round 
professional expertise. He wH 
be supported wgfi capttat and| 

of exp erience from a 
long estetjashed certrfe 
London firm, 




I lave recertty exhWted 
various ptwtojjraphs for \ 
week in a smaJI county town 
shop window. 75% were sold. 
I am now seeking a long trem 
sales afffet for my work 

853 118 



£50,000 trading oppor- 
tunity. Mn 70% pa. 4 
years audited figures.- 
* hour per da ’ “ 


01-930 8732 

! need you 

If you art capable ol trading. 
orgnnbaDg A looking to earn 
£30K. Don't dday can new to 
secure your fut ure. Steve or Lu- 
ctnda (07356) 5124. 

rrattng 2 stops seeks torther 
capital to expand oattonany a 
unique retautne concept. Reply 
to BOX F76. 

CAM A 2ND Bi e onic wrRma 
stopte Inromaton. Free de- 
ls) tv rams. Deni SB. 27 
Victoria Pork Road. Su Uw 
ants. Exeter EX2 4KT 


Expansion of 
restaurant complex, 
exp p r e fe rred, bat not 

Reply to BOX C27. 


available for build- 
ing or associated 
interest companies. 

Reply to: 
BOX G04 

baked ndrnder sod tire 

system: ndly approved by gov 
enuneat. Reply to BOX D4B. 

edmpL Cars/boaW trucks, As- 

semotoal tome. Patents - nock 
- knowhow for sale. BOX CS8. 


quire* fCuUdford) for 
succeserai ftnerestng PubUMna 
buBnms <0483) 810111. ^ 

psn-Umr nttandai dtrector7 Re- 
ply to BOX 064. 



for sale- A unique 
opportunity to se- 
cure one of the best 
sited shops in the 
UK from a well 
known International 
franchise company. 
Situated in the West 
End of London ap- 
proaching 3rd year 
of trading, excellent 
track record, profit- 
able and having 
huge potential. 
Reply to BOX G30. 






DM 01-48) 188Z 



We handle Lotte sports footwear from 
UK dfstrbutors for the famous Grays of 

have recently been appointed exclusive 
range end took Prince tennis 


turnover Elm. 

Enquiries to: 


Uaits 11-12, Ire Estate, Lories Read, ffigh Wyceabe, Backs HPIf 1HE 



Avalabte for commer- 
ciaJ properties, hotels, 
licenced premises, 
businesses stc, also 
buikfing, development 
and project finance. 


0803 25479/25470 

(24kr aaswer pkaae) 




m. Dai wtma h «•. cbs & 


The Mortgage SpecUst 
Call John Newey on 
■ 01-491 1193 







CfMal Cdmpary Serves Ud. 





Are creators homfiag yoa? 
Are sop plrers insisting on 
prohjiiiw or CW0? 
fee toiUs tone «» levy the 


Are tte tores irtssting ynu sign 
more personal guBameeS? 

I tbe nre It yes B any ot 
these ipiesbons you need or 
Mp. If we camot Mp you save 
^ur company ee can actase you 
on fiquriokn. Cored us today. 

Hms NfiSta & AsscWbs, 




Warrick, CY35 9DB. 

a®) 1 







FuN secresEnal services, 
tsta of Atari. Cbaraial tstands. 
GSnttsr. Panama, Liberia. 
Luxambourg, AntBes, U.K. 
Ready made or apecW. 
Free exptanriory booktet 


Dipt Tl, a Victoria Su 
Z<± (S624) 2*5»1 
Trio: «Z7fi»l SPfVA C 


arid counfer aurva ri a nco 
aqtiproem tor both the 
amateur A profe w onaL 
Ring or write tor prtca RsL 
718, Lae Bridge Bd 
* ' E101AW 




Is your company 
seeking Inve stm ent 
for expansion, 
development, start 
ups and management 

Call King 

David King 
0280 813313 

»\afl for technical. Vtgpl. finan- 
cial NniiMML MYCRHbg 
matorial. 01-936 0071. 


Boriingfon phone, telex and for- 
warding serv ices. Ol 434 3560 

TTPBItt Cl per store dooMt 
spaced. A4 sire, nnbd Mau- 
reen 01-557 0345. 



of your IBM PC/XT to that 
otan AT. H5N slot '80286* 
expansion card £295. SCS 
Limited. MaN Order OepL 
8a ifehfieU Road, Sutton, 

01-642 1702 


Includes Arcades. Rides. Shops. Catering 
cafe, snack bar etc. Ice cream/Rock, Candy 
Floss, Large Car Park. 

Designated amusement area - planning permis- 
sions not necessary. Prime seaside location - 
ideal six or twelve acre development site for 
existing Leisure Company or Entrepreneur. 

Genuine reason for sale. 

Principals only please write in first instance to 
BOX A07 


saving Sooth Yorks, N Derby* and Notts areas- Cur- 
rent turnover £&n. Genuine potential for rapid growth. 
All N&B. and local authority approved. 

Reply to BOX C41. 


£599 + VAT 

PORTEX is a portable/desk top telex system com- 
plete with full sized keyboard and printer ready for 
use. Call ns for details: 

B.CJS. Limited 

01-582 6060 


In today’s modem age of advanced communications can 
your company afford to lose business by not having 
facsimile and telex? Silhouette Industries supply, install, 
service and train operators in tdex A facsimile machines, 
on outright purchase, tease, or rental nationwide. 

For further information: Silhouette Industries Ltd, 

01-582 4155 


Superb office suites available. Telex & 
facsimile service. Secretarial service. Fully 
staffed reception. Chauffeur & courier 
service available. Prices from £105 pw. 

Tel: 01-352 8487 


Portable and desk top from £550 + VAT including 
registration to easy link. Lease from £5 per week. Full 
back-up service and trainmg given. 
Telecom 2000 
London 01-258 0466 
Midlands (0604) 812299 
Anglia (0473) 55032 '"•-O 
West (0803) 212954 



still available on 


■ WANG PC'S. . 


WANG equipment 



Distributor- required- in 
tbe UK for a new revolu- 
tionary car care product. 
No. 1 of its kind in the 
world. This product has 
been endorsed by two of 
tbe world’s largest motor 
m an ufacture rs. 

For en^xunes^repty to: 

bupnen graphics software, su- 
per serial caret for Appte n & 
Rooosuck 300 harojy used. 
£ 650 Ui e tot. Tefc 10203) 78304. 
KAYPRO 2 Including software 
(ompraJog WP. spreadsheet. 

filer elc. c/w 132 column prim- 
er hardly used. £600 compieie. 
Tel; 102031 72304. 



Investment in 
Lancaster lor sate. To reflect 
20»» tmnat yield. 27 parages 
producing C-v9ia pa etc of 
rates. Price £24.500 STC 
W estern Prop. Service. 8 
Redland Own Rd. Bmtol BSfi 
7HEL Tel: >0272J 40943. 



seeks UK agency lor 
construction or allied 

Construc tex , 

2A Tharp Road, 
WaUkMton SM6 BLE 

01-669 9704. 


an experienced Agent 
or do you have a team 
of people who can sell 
advertising on various 
printed media for a 
well established PLC. 
Good commission and 
expenses. If you are 
interested please 

Managing Director. 
Yorkgreen Advertising 
Group of Co's, 

22 Conduit Place, 
London W21HJ. 

OVER WORKED? V you feel over 
worked Did under pate (ton a 
new career oUenng an excep- 
tional financial opportunity H 
may w wnal you n eed- P ttora- 
Andrew on 01-732 7737. 


Tell your story to 
tihe world's press 

We will write, translate 
and distribute your news to 
business and Technical p 
in any part of die worl 
Oeate sales leads nenv. 
Fast, professional and 
economic service. 

ISOnoySL, London SWIW9QI? 

TeL 01-7303968. 

Cooturaed on page 25 



property company with offices in London, 
Cardiff and Falkirk seeks additional direc- 
tor. Capital investment required. 
Reply to BOX G44. 


The business and assets of Douglas Man- 
ufacturing Limited (in Receivership) are 
for sale a a going concern. The Company 
operates as two separate divisions ana 
these facilities are available for sale to- 
gether or as individual entities. 


• Freehold premises at Murray Gar- 
dens, Maybole, Ayrshire 
(approximately 33.000 sq ft) com- 
posing modem factory and office 

• Metal fabrication equipment including 
a self-loading CNC turret punch press 
backed by CNC press brakes, robotic 
welding and power presses from 50 
tons capacity to a 400 ton press with 
9ft x 5ft bed. 

• Plastic Moulding by Neggri Bossi 
CNC controlled machines of 90 ton to 
360 ton capacity. 

• Paint finishing facility including high 
capacity computer controlled Dip 
Phosphate Plant. 

• CAD/CAM facility. 


• Freehold premises at Grangeston In- 
dustrial Estate, Girvan (approximately 
20,000sq ft). 

• Very high plating capacity with Barrel 
Line and Automatic Zinc Line. 

Enquiries to: 
Murdoch L McKillop, 
Arthur Andersen & Co., 
199 St Vincent Street 
Glasgow G2 5QD. 
Tel: 041-248 7941 



'wonxs > 

to let someone dse 
handle fee cashflow 
problems that always 

foten a lM Factor? 
vE do precisely that 

the invoices yon send 
outaid manage your 
sales ledger for yon. 

And to ease your 
worries ^31 further; 
ire also offer 100% 

I International 

I Factors to start enjpymg 

the rewards. 





C® W- 



L The perfect partnerfbr the growing bnsiness 

AaterrftelferidafceB* 3/*/ 1/8. || 


■ If you’re keen to start a business, you need a total plan to 
maximise your chance of success. 

That's where the New Enterprise Programme makes sound 
business sense.- 90% of our entrepreneurs from previous years 
have succeeded. 

we win test your business plan under the unwavering gaze of 
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The counselling win be individual and practical and the 
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Best business sense of alLthese Programmes are sponsored 
by the MSC at five of the most prestigious Business Schools in 

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preparing a cash flow forecast and business plan-ail with 
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Your first Rolls-Royce. 

All Warranted motor cars are offered exclusively by the authorised Rolls-Royce and Bentley dealers of Great Britain. 



TURBO (42400 rrslesi star 
with units mtenor. E36.8BB 
ono Canbeuwed n London 
sm 1381 FERRARI. 388 
ST® (8400 mfcs] Red mfli 
no p me interior. Ferrari 

Both c*5 1 owner tram new 
For hfiter debits oil 
0224 722888 
(Priwe sale) 



Larch Green met'iawn hide, 
ewritei root. I owner. 40000 
trts ync* new. drwen only <w 
Ujy. oauifo*. docwnmted Rota 
Boyce Knee Deary, finest ran- 
dition. would suit fuuy/ 

i mim 

C0RNICHE (Shape). 

FHC. MPW. In supert) oonrt- 
tnn insldo and out Georgian 
silver mth Hack hytte wte- 
nor Poraonahsad number 


TEL 01-995 3141 EVES 
01-387 5901 OFFICE HRS. 


1985 midnight blue ft 
steel blue, blue hide 


0206 35739 

Phantom 3 

1937/38 Mioon. A beautiful 
cm wtnch has lust been re- 
stored Cmn and maroon All 
para onguiai. Offers £20000 
and oner hivttrd. For details 
ring 02238 AS 138 

Stiver sand A Cnmtmn 
raarhwork with befor hide tnie- 
tkw Fully jlr randiboned. 
mm-stnofcmg owner. 69.000 
imln Superb condition. 
£17-500 ono. 0737 832314 

SHADOW ■> W re» Masora 

black, red nitte. piped Made, 
w/wlpe. w/wan lyres, service 
history usual refinements, 
siunmng. £16.790 ono. Tff: 
0257 792006 or 061-205-6215. 

■OILS ROYCC Sliver Spirit. 
I SI 44.000 mite*. Magnolia 
«nh brown hide uonohicry. 
KZ7&00 TM. (0211 369 6631 
inlllce hours i. 

SHADOW It RR 046 28.000 

£23 000 Til 
inm 0609 60614 relay) 

SHADOW 2: V reo 36400 miles 
run service hmory Macnotia 
mrr Caramel with Magnolia 
ntA' Absolutely nupttlknil in 
esery way Survey report by 
maul agent as unable £20.500. 
Tel <05481 610443 anynme. 
1*75(111 Silver shadow, willow 
onld with beffip mimor. lambs- 
wool run*, headrests and weme 
tables Two owners from new 
very oood condiuon. £9.125 
Tel wormley 2S26 (Surrey ■- 
I*7C R REG Shadow IL LWB 
i Wrailhi. brown, beige nisflnt 
mol. Magnolia Interior, white 
wall tyres, wen mamrained. 
nice condiuon £12.760 Tel 
0386 45131 oil ice hours 
Rtack. Black Inlenor. 40400 
mis PSH VOC. £26600. Tel. 
0703 775365 OH. 04215 

66053 Hm T 


Cnesuiui/Brown. very tow 
mUeagr. lull records £29.960 

Punned A Ob 021 449 61 16 Or 
021 778 5075 iv/enda 
91 SILVER SPURT Ocean Wire. 
Ian hide. 26.000 mb. FSH. 
rncnsheq plate, absolutely un 
marked. MniuUIuI car £29.760 
07 W 885681 T 

oalisls For your smlrwii 
reouiremem call HiHkt Hdl on 
•090S> 618066 

Alha-muin Mue. bcior hide 
niooo miles rsH no soa 
I alHIIOUV' Tel 01 722 0545 
SILVER SPURT 1981 W rep 
CVejn Blue wllh Kaw FSH 
.viooonih £28.950 Tel Guy 
sjiny n oi v»m 4222 
SPURT Lalp 81 Champagne over 
dark Grey Chamnaqne hide 
ISM 25,000 mis Immacuidle 
£31 000 TH- 01 906 0688 T 
BENTLEY U smoke A Sane 
Green lone Lovely car Mido- 
ri LIOOOU 0462 814654 T 
SILVER SHADOW 1973 Cora oil 
Mil vusp nine FSH £8.000 
Trl 0463 814654 T 



1981. 1M Beg. 31.000 mb. sen 
town (MU un mtenor. sconce 
towny amiable, nrxtant condi 
ton. surplus due to pwtlBsmg 
new Rolls Boyce. Private sale. 
Tel Jonn Gflwtr. ews A wknrts. 
0526 7382 Monfn 8an-5pm. 
QK8 832661 

PRIVATE BUYER regimes low 
rniKaw Siller S001 1 . Telephone 
knlm 0530 411221 lOfll 
0283 760214 l Eves!. 


DCKCL BOWER Turbo 1984 B 
reo. I owne r. 1 7.000 miles only 
linm new- rsH. sunroof. e/w. 
c/I s -md opaline ween mmi- 
hc brown vHour £6.950 ono 
EMRiont Motor Co 0322 
330252 /OI 300 9069 (Sunt 
18CKk Convertible Metallic 
naini finiui oower asuMM 
steering vm hctghl adwstor 

Sair £.1.600 off Mat £10-196 
TM 07e2fli3772rT) 

Aulo/power Superb condlUon 
Managmq Directors car MM 
Blue EirrtH* windows. Ei«> 
amr enable rxtr. £11.995 
Trt 01-480 0708 gar 

ranbc rover voeucen AUTO 

April 86 Cy urews Green. aHoys. 
inns. Gcr-v velour. Rsd/CB. 
Arm n-d* 6.000 mis Mint 
rend LI? Wfl 0936 526111 
otr OfiSe 790861 Hm T 
5TRAOA RS A PM S u nroof 
While EmnuK 24400 nMlei 
nntv Low profile tines. 
Panasonic ravetde £3400 Tel 
01 23b 0552 ffayi or 01 828 
0039 roller Bon) 

CITROEN a an a. C rag. 
Gknrer Blue RadM/Stvrco. 
omv mk. demonstration 
car Our prire £8 996 Tel. 
0782 112253 Citroen Dealers 


Range Rnvrr 1981 in 
Sandglow j owner frpn* new 
£6895 Tel Godaimtng 
<048601 431 1 


hawasak) 730VN in Black 
Only 2 menuw old- l 300 ml* 
£2 600 Tel 1 048691 4311 
FORD SIERRA 4x4 85 C. 1 own. 
0-000 mb FSH. ABS. WMK 
ClO.bOO TM 0625 31875 T 



TtiffJ *< 

Company Car 
Tax Guide 

- Coopers 
. &Ly brand 

Now available from 
WH Smith and all 
good bookshops 



653 High Road, 
Finchley, N12 ODZ 

Telephone for Prices 

0462 678191 

635 CSi, C REG 

Amo. Black with Black 
hide, sport 

control urns, feciory fitted 
alarm. 1 1.000 milf- 
Excellent cond rocm- 

01 3«5§2 off- 

01 906 3400 San 


02* CSL Ada. tow ndeage hin- 
der 8400). 86 C rag. must be 


2ii (Oi 

WANTED BMW 'S 1978-19B6 for 
Ihe best price. Tel: OI 602 4345 
or settle fur tee. 

CABRIOLET. New shape warned. 
01 205 6248/906 2776. 


944 LUX 

Manual B ret warranty until 
January 87. Copenhagen 
bine, air rood, leather sports 
seats, alarm, removable 
Stereo ndio/OKOK. POM. 
12400 miles (fata serviced). 
Immaadne. uiOHL 
Tff to-OT 

Tdey Pubfishing CaLU 
Toley House, 17 ScarbrookRd, 
Craydon, Surrey CRO ISO 
Telephone: 01-6869141 



(manual) June *85. Imi 
laic condition, garnet rad. 
Porsche dealer m aimain ed. 
Extras irtdnde, POM, rear 
valance, sunroof, cassette 
holder. £16325. Tdepbooe 
0260 278 489 (badness 9 - 5) 


1982 Y rcg. Unque oppomaty to 
a superb example vemiaDy 


documemed hWwy. POM, new set 
o( tyres. 


let (HM) 2*133 


1984 (B) 

FUslMd h Guards Red. 

22400 mies, superb 
conddion. 1 owner. FSH. 

J Rutherford A Sosa 
Tot 0890 2148 
WmkRDds A after 6pm 
Tot 0381 82321 


First for VOLVO in Kent 


For let August delivery, the 
Mi range of Volvo 740 and 
760, indudng 760 OLE arith 
fun body M and special 
Moy wheels, Mshad n 
ahrer with black leather 

For Urn test Momtest ■ 

Brompton Motor 
0634 402777 


Take the 


on your new car 

you take the profit, 
we do the work 


Tel: 0895 3999071831/ 


5 door A 1 JS T1 3 dew 

D reg, delivery 
mileage. From £3,995. 

TH: 0437 4511 Office 
0437 2177 ft 
0437 87444 Home 

SJ 410 

Soft top, white, NEW 'D 
REG' Many extras, 
save £500. 

For fuffl details 
dtiser Cars Ltd. 
0494 663G1 


1-181. very good CimdMHNI. Kmq 
whrat bw. 30 000 mihs. neon 
rnfiinc. rang ntw lurl tanks. 
ioiH rack, aveuruy flniiw. lour 
wviMr mrrro um -radio. rrU- 
jblc. rrguUrly numlamed. UK 
rag. tM rrans-cononcnial (f 
tixlr £7.000. TH.I0395) 68330 

RANOE ROVER, -84. 4 d«r. S 
ipred. from arm mb. mr 
head u- st rarn w . wmi. nroprily 
immd. nnllnii condlUon. 
Cl 1.350 TH 0237 70341 or 
OI 518 8686 

VOLVO 244 OLT. Y ng auk*, 
tunrool. m*r Mue. etrcinc win- 
dows and wing mirrors. 4 
sneaker wrao. 44.600 miies. 
£J. 300 ono Tel 01-066 9790 
i Day i 01 969 4803 (Exeat 

pjijnr bngp. 2L GLS. auto. C 
rrg. -nr conn. (f. Hits cruhr. 
nun. unnurtiLile £7.700 
TM 01 773 1607 ufler 6 »m.» 

Meulllr Aummallc. Rug FMi 
H6 Cl OOO radio -awmt 
£1 1.995 ono. 0622679497 Bus 
or 0022 36419 Homo 

LANCIA HPE Votummc. 1985 IB). 
8.000 mis Silver Sunroof. SM- 
rao Superb crumple C&3G0 
ono Trl. (08361 SI 3605. 

A ran 15.000 miles. ExccUcnl 
rnmliuon. £3. SCO. Phone 
0763 37394 

VOLVO 240 VL BBT. Dk rad grey 
IM Aonl 86. lOOOOnrts onu-i 
FSH. £7.360. 034S 5632S.(E»- 
an) Dntgraung! 

LAND ROVER no County. 16 
whs okl V8. Roan brawn. 
£9.950 ono. 063 98S 235. 


AUM. 14.000 m. ALB £6.460 
PX/warranty 0825 790575 
wtuio vm range of other 
Ptugeoli 0766 770303 T 
AH dWMts. Minediai* deliv ery 
Regal. 0902 42476 
pEWHCOT CT1 CanwruMt. 
rtiUKvof rad or Azure blue. TH 
(or drtaib 0384 3721 75 or Her. 


IF 1700's avaSaMe tar 
inspection a demonstration 

Demonstrate car avaHable 
for ImnsdMB definqr. 
Mffmw. SEvamuo. mn 
1B15 9XH 

Enootaes adcomeoo 

(07321 8S2241 


C Reg. Back with Qey 
vatour. ABS brakes, every 
thing (Metric, dr 


01-668 1229 AITTHK 

500 BL 16 n CARAVAN 

1984 Show model 
Very fully equipped. 1 year 
factory wvranty. 

£4,950 tad VAT 
TEL: 0473 43886 



84 or later. Private Only 
Radlea. Hera 1 092761 7712. 


BMW 7351 SL 

Auto. Orly one owner (IflTs 
car}. New August 1984. 
Taxed un« next year. Excel- 
lent condition. Gray win 
bags doth Interior. AT ex- 
tras including rarity 
cassette, automatic win- 
dows. etc. 

£ 18,000 ana 

Tel: Mr Havris on 
01-377 9900 or 
eves 01-876 4044. 

BJA.W. C35 CB1A - M style. Late 
BZ Special wheels. FuU vendor 
cwnenWn. Saver wen black 
learner Recwros hmv 
BU upunkl stereo FuH eervtre 
Imiory I owner Beaullful car. 
■maw be seen. only 
£1050aTH-0628 2B680 

•28 al X Reg 1982- automatic, 
red war uphoMY. scenro cyv 
«em. BMW mam d e aler serviced 
4 recently 43.000 mb. Very 
Mitan fau car. LwceUeni mad. 
OuKk «lr £9 025 Tel 818444) 
■Ol 6238 Eves 3319 

7321 Auto. 8? V Daev lots CM-. 
Stiver met. Mue veMur. cfactnc 
sunroof A windows. Won 
wheels, rear sp oile r, a treon. 
crone control. fontpueTi 1 
Bliupunkt rad taantp. £6.730 
ono TM .10444) 68751 

732 I PE AUTO; Oo IW&C rag. 
Medic Bahama beige. 
Chairman's car. tonnar mud. 
16.600 mis. £13.995. Teh 
■0733176266 UHflnrJuM 

1906 Id. Ml 

2/door PAS. Alloys M/roo t. 
Burglar alarm Rano/csMtir. 
3.900 mis. as new. £12.996. 
TM >0254821 2369. 

52M 1983 Private saw. SapMure 
nrue. ABS. E/W. A (Dead, cen- 
tral larking, alloys. FSH. Mereo, 
Immaculate. £6.995. Telephone 
01500 4342. 

728 IASE. directors car. mtmaru- 
lale condtuon. 17.000 miles. 
PSH. Aug 84 iBk £12.700 Tel 
08277 4411 (OI. or i (MSS) 
43943 fries, wrck-codfl 

31f B4 (A) Navy. Mae AM. A 

sewd Sunroof Slerav. 10.000 

mb. rgHXMte TH:44A 9309 

BMW 19B7 MODELS. Save un to 
CUSS. Fra* colour hrach ura 
In terror 0978 380909. 

HEW BMWra - AH modefs to or- 
der 520i *s la s»oek. _ Larue 
dnoovmrs TH 0227 79301007 

C3S cau 1982 X. Metallic Hebl 
green, only' 21JJOO miles. 1 
owner. FSH. £12.000. tO«27) 
78827S Home 788360 Omca T 

B2S) 1982 lYI aula. FSH. muiiac. 
Before I trade tu anybod y birt- 
esled al £4.900 7. TH (0S72) 
821261 Doy/85422 Home. 

73SIA SC 66 C Very low Mle 
age. Choice of 2 from £21.960. 
Monoay-Saiuntty 0902 54602 
Sun A Eve* 074 606225 T 

326 X RU Black. aHoys. sun- 
roof. siaran. 23800 muas. 
MoT Immacutaie oondiuoa. 
£4.900 ono. 0243 692 


CG»*£ T C 0U.=t HUGE SH3wa00M OVER 50 .VERCcDES-ticf.'Z ON 



/ Z'?*L V /:’• KWJ7L j FrrCf-' !• -iSLE mPCH' 




T«fc (01) 361 « 

944 LDX 

Fab. 85. ManwL Staer wtti 
contrasting beige valour 
interior. 10.000 inies. ESH. 
FSH. PDM. A larms. 
Panasonic stereo. Pordw 
werrarty Feb. 87. Absokitafy 
bi wa cuMte- 

£16^00 OOO 
Tot 01-575 7585 

928 S2 

1986. Guards red, 
13,000 mtes. hi-fi 
peek, wide trade, Md 
seats, sunroof , finance 
available. £33,950. 
T ate pho ne; 

0293 882 224 (HOMEk 
01-247 5463 fOFHCE) 

944 LUX. 1984. manuaL gua r iM 
red. Mack p UnU lwe. two own- 
er*. (sh. alarm. ear. 
immaculate. Jus* had 12 jOOO 
Ponche service. Inc 4 new 
lyre*. 36.103 mUe*. g enui ne 
private sale - new turbo August 
1. £14.000 ovnn. TO OEMS 

944 1968 (O Restored- Kalaha- 
ri mcMUc- 7000 roBes- rear 
valance. ESRahns. POM- 
many more extras. 13 month 
warranty Offer* around 
£17.000. THephone 0924 463 
012 afternoon; 0924 463 036 

911 TURBO - C rag. 
10800 mile*. Guard red win, 

contrasting Mack leather nshol- 

stery and rad Mntag Diracmra 

car One owner only- Fbsl 

banker* draft for esaeoo wffl 

secure tMs suberb car. TM : 

0926 493434 (office hours! 

944 AUTO. 9 RES. Roctng tad. 
Sunroof. Stereo Raditan. 
Only 14JOOO Mb. FSH al 

Ovartes FodetL Truly Bieeecn- 

late comnrkm. £16250 ono. Ol 

963 0833 (M) Ol 964 8466 (Ol 

944 LUX Jan 86. 4 jOOO Irt*. 
Guards ted. Mack Porsche cloth 
* souuialed leather Interior. 
Electric sunroof, pdm. 218- 60 
tyres, emnac end. £18.780 
0792 61777 / 0689 814469 

911 CARRERA: Snorts Cabriolet, 
while. A rag. 1984. FuU black 
leather interior. 23000 miles. 
£21.000 THgmo n e Mark Ol- 

924 LUX. 1983 IA). pewter me- 
tallic. 38 000 miles, etoc sun 
roof. Porsche cmui goats. VOC. 
jcaooo ono. TH 10707) 6721 1 
(GKO office hours 

PORCHE 911 SC - 1979. Guard 
Red. E/raof- £/ window. fuU 
Dkk Loven service hmory. 
condlUon of 1 983/ 84 car. 
£ Tei : team emm 

911 SC Seen Coupe. 82 model In 
guards red. 38000 miles wim 
FSH. any inspection welcome. 
£16500. Teh 0708 48619 UK-, 
DOM 0376 61343 teveM 

metallic ruby- while leather in- 
terior. service history. 36000 
miles. £18.900. TH 107961 

*44 A ns- Metane pry. gw 
roar. Meet wheel s , rear oam 6 

alarm. enraDcM coodlboo. 
£11500 OOO TH : 049 163468 

PORSHC 911 Turbo 63 1984. 
Black. Black Leather. 29.000 
mile*, service hmory Electric 
sunroof, wtndowi 6 mirrors. 
Btaupunkt Mrrao. bumacuMK 
condmon throughout. Offer* tn 
me re gion of £31.600. TH 
07072 66492 eves 
924 LUX 1981 Mocha wtaiBMoe 
(weed. 48.000 mis. ABow 
POM. sumo, me com £6960. 
OI- 959 5213 Eves. W/enoa- 
944 LUX. JUK 1982. 47.000 
mis. Melon k tight blue. PDM. 
sierae FSH. Pampered ear. 
£9.750. TH: 1020622) 4714. 
PORSCHE Bits 197a Guards 
rad. E6R. new tarns. MOT 6 
land, good rondmo n £6aoa 
TH Coventry 75286 
mi te C7.07B. Free c olour bro- 
chure Merar 0978 300909. 
911 SC 81 X Fitted mort soon- 
er*. Pewter CoU 4&0Q0 mfe- 
FSH £l2.99a 0742 434667 T 

500 SEC 

, mr bod hr. 
mUn **f. SB spec, ng Iqr OS 


0905 57219 


280 SL 

1964 (A rag). SM)00 nrites. 
Matew Lapis tMmfcnm 


Qectric sunroof, cruse 

MMklHlI I|uJ fi^HBOBBUS uroali 

control. noatHamps. wasn 
end wbe. Clarion stereo 

PRICE; £14^B5Ql 

ia J C WALL 
BAY4B742) 349311 

450 SLC 

197ft Red. 57 j 000 rrital A 
core!, sumot, aBws. FSH. 


380 SL 

1063 Y. FWtbed in brMR red 
tefiii bene uasu. i 6.000 
ndu any. Ctft7SB 

M27 7KZ75 Hm 

DC7 imi Oflta T 

290 SC • 1982 OCX black 
pauvnii. cream Mamer. anu- 
locJc braking system. Hecxric 
drtMrt aeoL crutee canmu. al- 
lay wheels. hendttgM weih- 
wtpe. electric windows, setf- 
levetHng g us— n sl tw. 06000 
mtfas. MB Mercedes Bene 
Oeartrt service Usury. 
RAC/AA knpecUon Invlled. 
£12400 TH : Derby 109399 
611292 Wvas/weHmndtO 

OB E - 19BS CYX au 
Thtsne Own with contrasttng 

FSH. Be ater stereo & other ex - 

m. 79.000 meea. CtsHiruanV 

car. ExceUert oommian. 
£7.960 OLAO. TH: 0288 64220 

gust 19*4. Com 

ML 40000 mb. 
condition. Full 
seats, sunroof etc. Puce 
£23-000 OOO. Tel: 0482 
224861 or eves OtSZ 66B829 

velour Int. 8.600 miies. rlectrl- 
rally atuusted front seats, 
healed rear view mirrors, hem. 
cd from & rear seats. ceUuur 
Phone. Beater radio/cassetle. 
Heanr sun root. C2ILOOO. TH 
01-318 9200 

230 CE AUTO. Sepl 83 <A) Regis- 
Irabon. Green metaWc. 42.000 
ndhs. Heortc sunraur. eonws- 
ny t br ecl or s car. wen 
maintained. £10.300. 0483 

36005 (DAY): 0483 272966 

SCL Ani any 
metallic. A Mfl 1984. M O H et il 
Condition, auto. 01 male control. 
Becker radio cassette, many 
other extras. 16000 miles. 
£16400. Day Ol 031 9941 or 
Eve (0727) 80606 
Mercedes 280 SL amomaUc. 
Superb canttthon mroughauL 
finished m add wiih brown 
leather trim, only 1 X 100 miles 
recorded. £23.000. TH 0636 
620692. T 

280 CE <Y) Ann. CoupC. Silver/ 
Blue velour. FuD bn. Air cond 
etc. 36000 mb- l owner. Fun 
do c um e nt MsL Immaculate. PX 
pose. £1 1 .40a 0276 68 1436 T 
UUL 1979 Mercedes 36DSLC. 
whRe whh Hue velour mtertor. 
One lasttdoas owner, low mUe-, 
age. au extras. nrtsUne. £9.780. 
01-968 6330/6 (TX 
KRCESGS 3*0 H auto. 1981 
X. private teg avalUMe. 08.000 
miles. S/H. new tyres A alloy 
wheels. 1 st offer over £ 10.000 
secures. TH 0992 890282. T 
SL 79 (V) R#<L AUIO. H/S 
.. . MffT. 

Teh 0242 0 
1980 2SB SL Convertible. YH- 
iow. Gray doth trim, hard/aoft 
•op. alloys, else windows, ser- 

9H TE 2nd tody owner. -82. 
RSH. S/rooT. A Hoys. CnUse. 
LeaUw. Immoc. E73B0. Day 
0036 220420 Eves 0932 


190 BKABU9 ConcertHUc 1986. 
engirt Red. Black Mlher him 
etc. 2-600 ran. £22.990 TH: 
Olalgoid 0702 027477. 

IBB DESEL C rag. 0X00 mils, 
bright rad. btocfc cloth. */r. 
FSH. £11.780. TH 01 646 
4430 «- 0060 316347. T. 

940 BIEKL Effat* 1904 IS) Dark 
Mue/mMcmngctoUi Mm. Ospd 
1 owner. Low milewe. £11,700 
(MarU 109681 881260 T 
190 E AUTO 198 Sl Burgundy. 
Foil lender tOL Earns. lOOOQ 
mb £13.998. Tet DIHgoid 
0702 627477 


1971 HOCaiES 

300 sa 

Special Edition Auto, paa, 
excellent condition, with 
priori regfstratian (SS4S). 
tax and Ifcrr tar 1 year.' 

£6,500 or offer*. 
Telephone 0952 607760 
Evenings 0952 610980 

1986 2 . 3-16 

Blue black, leather, dr 
cond, elec seats. 
S/roof, 1,900 mttes. 

U.K registered. 
Immaculate condition. 

TeftqriMW 9292 70S 743 


LWH, YHm. 30000 nrin. Mte- 
unr. tatyBegi Miov. « cond. 
ESctnc wmrfj's. Very wod con*- 
Bon. HfiSOO To laclrie CriM 

23< X Reo. 33JXB Mu. Ml Ma- 
tey. Arid Stone sumwi, Very 
good conoiuw. mes 

Tst B1-431 R31 nflka 

nr «m anas few 

BOO SE Nov 83. suver Hue. 
39-300 miles. FSH. Electric 
sunroof. air cunduioocd. 
£16^00 ono. Tel: Ol 878 2272 

B9 SLi T. ran saver wiA d. 
blue Iri. Hord/sofr top. storaa. 
good condmon. £9.996 ooo. 
Tab 0464)23361 

280 TE ESTATE 81. metallic 
gold. auto. 66JOOO miles, stereo 
canffte. alloy wheels. rearsaaL 
£6.960. TH (0766) 3911 

190 D 1982 Auto. BMe. Sunroof. 
31.000 miles. EscHlesd cond. 
Otars £7.100 0290 624 280 

£16000 TH : 0660 24061 

taa ML V Reg. 198a 33000 
mtMs. fWJ service buwr. me 
Isuic bhw. air oo n datordng. 
Hiay whee l* , wtpo. wash head- 
lights. siarao / c as saUe. 
ImmacidiiM. tnlul condmon. 
£ia7B0. Tet 0262 700164. 

1970 DMUon. 
While. 62000 mHes. FSH. H/s 
Tops. 4 ocw tyro. TMs car is 
absolutely outstanding. 12 
month tace ft MoT. Genome rea- 
son (or Mr. No Umewnstera. 
£0.996. 0620 34070/6192)1 

200 9 DEED gear box. 1983. 

Powered Meeting, tad. Manual. 

Sun roof. Fua Service History 

New tyres. Stereo. Immaculut* 

condlUon. 33 GOO mUes. 
£6.7SaQl 7293667 oral 739 

199 E Potto White. Auto. 1986. 
Linder 2.000 mb. Every extra 
met Sooner*, storts. afioys. 
£143)50. Tel: 0455 632694. 

HEW 239 E AUTO For □ Reo. 
Blech. Full Brants ul Brooumi 
C" £24.996. Tab DUlgoM 
0702 027477 

3B9SC -84. 14.000 mix. allays, 
to. a&v ermse. wwdi/wtne. « 
seats, alarm, r/c. e aerlaL 
£16.9 80. 01-993 6708 
2S0SE res Yi Signal red. FSH. 
cruise. ABS. e/sunroof. stereo 
radto/cassetto. 4B.OOO mties. 
£1 1 OOO 01-995 8161 afl 6 pm 
280 BE Aug iota. Met P atrol 
Blue, an extras except A/C. 
62-000 mis. £12-750. TO: 030 
670248 or Off 0403 711266. 
S*»**L Aug 88 Blue met. Blue 
iSf ly 16-000 rats. 

427-260. Tet 030 670248 or 
off 0405 711266. 

M9SE X rag. met Hue. FSH. X 
owner, stereo, elec acrtaL «/r. 
t/t w/w. superb, mmo 
mUes. £9^». Tel 01-3484164 
2M SL 1978. haru/sott top. 
Powaer mue. Ootae cream 
unboML. 73.000 mis. exc cond. 
SH. £9.000. OTB2 620022. 

200 SL 83 tYt 94100 mHes. Clas- 
sic Whue. alloys, radio/can, l 
owner, immaculate*. £16-480. 
TH: Weymouth i030SI 853992 

3SO SL WORTS 1978. 100000 
mis. Prh 1 reg. GUver. voc 
£7.996. Tel: 07037 78366 off. 
04210 66603 Hm T 
209 (WL24) 1906. pun orates 
k« 3 engmeconventoo. cwgm. 
extras. 8.000 ran. £18.998. 
TH: CUalgoW 0702 027477 
*99 E 1900 v reg. 57.000 mb. 
S/H. FSH. bmhbeuUI*. £5260- 
TH: 0462 614664 dines T 
199 E HEN unrso. Extras. 
OWW. Tet OMaoM 0702 
67 7477. 

m(C(D() 19E7 RKKU. 

Save up lo £9.928 Free ceuur 
brochure imerwr 0970 360909 


MERCEDES 190Ei2l 5 10v 19B6. 
Btue/BtoCb JZJCOO mis. Etectrtc 
/seats/roof/windows. Becker 
stereo. Showroom CBMUtton. 
£22.900 Teh Northwood 

290 SC. 1985 (AL Electric I 
roof. AUoys. Etectrtc aericL 

h ory wim Brown cVjrh Interior. 

Bttupunu stereo. arsxJO Mtes. 

£12^00. FSH . T«h 01-437. 
0936 or home; <088271 60741. 

BBC AMGL 83. bcamtUU Hack. 

ber male. 17.600 macs. (UP 
service btstory 6 etectronK 

Becker stereo. Fufly loaded. 

£ 26.000 ono TW : 0628 20680 

220 TE. (A rag). Only 18X00 
u ratTOr X owner, immaculate. 
Ivory, auto. 7sester. ABS. cen- 
tral kxMng. stemo. lowing bar 
and uei.un.ttli. £10.700. 0734 

as D 300 SCL B/noHne. ThMte/ 
braal. Dec M scats and win- 
dows. sunroof, cruise control. 
Alloy wheel*. Unregistered- O 
mb- £28.700. TtUHH 41939 

190 L 1963 (AX Champagne. 
Auto. £7-000 extr as Inc- Air 
rond. 26.750 mites. £ll^ea 
TdU 0442 217992. 

300E 1986 (O. White. 2000 
miles octal. Perfect. E/roof- 
C/C. rad/OHL £19 700. Pri- 
vate sale. Tel 078 481 2766. 

230 C - AiXoB4. dec. roof « win- 
dows. i lady owner, garaged. 
tow mUesas. stereo 4 ABS. 
£9300 Tff : 04748S 2672 

ESP SL A rag. saver. (Ul spec 
£19.960. Domett A Co. 021 
449 0115. 021 778 3070 W/E 

200 T ESTATE 1983. 48.000 
mfe. ExccBent cond. Navy. 
£7-260. Tel: 089S 63474a 

2B9 9Ls Bl. X. SUver - Btoe met 
42.000 Mtes. V.OJ& . F.6 JL 
£13.700. Teh 01722- 7376 



Mercedes Benz main 
dealers. Underwriters 
fOr late and tow 
mileage Mercedes. 


ON 0708 23511 

i urgently pp- 
gutted- CssM waiting coUccOon 
nationwide. CLM Ltd- 01-804 



1984 A reg. W# car. 13" 
tnrt discs, weal reas, body 
kit. uprated suspension, 

compomotire wheels, Bate 
tjiw. Cranberry. Baaff 
interior, te Gondifioning. 
car now today costs £40,000. 

0615 23526 aff. 
5675 34775 Ham 


B Reg. gran/doeskin interior, 
cwrorter. frccadMnnlnB. many 
otnt 3 w*s mnnty. mler 
25JU0 irifes. 1 owner. Excsdent 
corefiaw. Reason hr Ol 

ia (0908) 582064 

save £fi£»oon new price. Sage 

i rue doeskin 

green ■» 


■ toterior. Usual ttlffi XJS 

spec. HesdlaniiiB w/w and trip 

computer. Showroom condi- 

tion 2.000 mis only. £ 1 9.600. 
TetOftl -427-4047 (eves. 

W,«Kti) or 061-9693678 

XA *12, 1986. Clad wfth doe 
AM Mdc. complete spec: tost 
serviced, under manufacturers 
warranty. 8.000 miles, as new. 
sir conditioning, ermse control, 
stereo cassms. £21-260. Tff 
10682) 600013 

SOVERD8M «. Jam 1984. 
28000 Mis. BteCh/doeadn mte- 
rtar. Btaupu nkt stereo ale. 
fijj aa 0784 31712 Eves It 
W/E or 0703 856741 Office 

XK O HWOHL 1964 B Rep. 
20. OOO Mis. Superb motor car. 
vodaonone. radlo/cassene - 
£10000. Office 0344 481123 
Home 0276 21214 

JAOUAR »S U auto. A tap. 
Black, superb. 1 owner. Sun- 
54.000 mUes C1OJ20O IH 

DAIMLER Sovereign Series (1 42 

auto, usual extras. P. Rea 

B9.000 mues. very good cohh- 
Uon. MOT A urll -87 taxed to 
Der *86. £760 ono. Makteto n e 
(0622) 61844 after 6 pm only. 
US IK C iw Searing r ed with 
Arden tuauiwuii conversion, 
lady owned, aooo mtt es. cod 

rad ^wbM?'^^29a 
01 worth! ng 0903 30707. 
Choice of 48 whole nope. 
£4.9904:1 9000. EsL 19 yeas. 
PX. Tff 01-854 9833 Essex CD. 
JAGUAR 309 ME A rag. Co Dtroe- 
tun car. FSH. tugber man 
eierage mlttago. hence low 
p rice of £9 .400. 0793 725749. 
WYDttWK 82 Air Con. Immac- 
utaio. stiver grey. 47.000 miles. 
£6.900. Tff: 01-367 1862 


XJS 3A AUTO A reg. Black. Ithr 
OL 31.000 rats. VGC. £72&0 
ono.Ol 609 8886 Ex 286 


SI A U9 HE Lew mHwoe. cnoKM 
or 2. £13.000 Farrar. Day. 
0242 620441/003613 Sun. 


Even if noJ buying new, puKtasmg a pr^owrted luxury 
car fs still a majpr investment 

So you are right to be exceptionally patiodar about s* 
vehide you choose. And the people you seled lo buy from. 

Every car in Ihe Jaguar Amoved Used Cars Progjamme 
(s a dassK fn its own rigW 3nd vvortJiy ti your considetaion. 
Because, although nd ail models displayed are iaguare or 
Dalmlm.each one has had its electrics, mechanics, bodj/worik 

and trim brou^ up loJagtJ^iJii M pon ^g standards of exreflence. 

Each car in ihe scheme is under 5 yors okl (ram dale of first 
r^islQtionandhasJessdian50 l (XX)rea}rdedmte.Also(r)clwl^ 
in Ihe price is a mmpiehensiw 12 ironlhs parts and labour ewer 
and RAC membership, 

teareWeredwre think youTl find J^uarAppiTCd Used C3i5 offer better 
ihIi^ for money and more prestige than marqrnw css around. See what we 
mean — arrangea viewing with one of ouc tifficrai Deafen tod?* 



ON NEW 318i/320i 


delivery from 


( 0276) 71010 


‘Offers you 
[can’t refuse’ 

“ P-PAY” 

Tel (0772) 613114 or 613213 

! g 8 XS*^*?*** “ MVB6 uS 

g:®ssa' 5 ?s?-i 



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8JT«W AJUIjGl Onent ret o eam tape, ™ 

32-38 Upper 
High Street 
Epsom, Surrey 



S2-5I Caaberwdl Hm 

Aucfl/Vcikswagon D-Day 

01-735 4216 

M imdeta avaasWu 
InctacBng salection ol Gotf 
GTTs (Or Inunediate 

FVee 3 y»ar warranty vritn 
aO care purchased on 
production ol this ad 



“SSSSra sss^r 

with one of the following schemes 
* Leasing ■* Contract Him 

A- Lease-Purchase * Asset Realisatloa 

[AmI for any business* — large or smB. 

Any moke— onp model 


He roll/ be pleamed to help 

)1 " — TTnTniirrff* 

the same - 

ss are 


•f MetkshaaV 



NMkahaiB. WBtahba 

Tel: B225-702182 





Ws bmstta MtaBtig nfiidn 

awllatto now; 

W Naha, wfito. bbek. 
MG MbRL rad. Hub. 
HG HDtrtBRL mi. Staff, 
K Mn a iti flo Turia. Hack. 

TH: 11-995 0922 



Buy and register a new Toyota 
from Hughes of Beaconsfleld on 
or before the 31 st August 1 986 and 
take advantage of our special 
credit terms and free 12 months 
additional warranty. 

i)Dfcffeto>T*)irQmma(M ■ Stfmopnuaao 

DapaM£l2» - ta MtamyPaynwctaff CSM to - 

Hew Got! GTi's 
3 & 5 door 

New GaH ConefflUes 

GTI & autos 
God GL CMmflUe 
ioooo mb, m saw 
Porsche 911 SC 
Spot T®@a 19(2, black 
PORcto 911 SC 
Sport Coupe 1983 A dne 

01-938 1393/H11 




Tel: (049 46) 2141 


Over 30 new 
& used Hondas 
in stock 

Davenport Vernon 
Tel:(0908) 79311. 


Open Today for 
daroonMraMons, West drives 
& coffee 


291 Wretae Isa RW2 
MiH l del iM59 OQ5 
Dor Sauday Tkaas IH 


Dies (0379) 2135 


3 Year Hamfadvren’ Warranty 
Yean uti-cofrosnw warranty. 

Victoria Road, Dias, Norfolk'S^^ 

(Situated next to raRwav brjdoe) 




0376 71133/71425 




nauuu h hciw 




reaaair ras an CdHff 
PfutfUT ras ca 
vauniu nwR m 

nun in gui 



Beat disrounta far E 


Chroma Tuba, s/r. afloy 
whaeta. red 
Oroma E Super, rad 
Ctowae E Super, auto Hue. 


01 445 1022 


Tet 6827 874078 





numn Aon nr DEuas. 


1 • ? 8,1 l 3S Crtroens also ax • 
• & lram • 
Oort Delay • 

im Paul on • 

— 2633 ROW! • 



«-5lS , 2l 




Say uraas,. g rew. 1 w 
ran... e aaoanMi cmfite. 

nwmns narmty. 


CnwstMe Atitos 
0702 354478 




Automatic, dart Uue, 


Super rad, immediate 

041 779 2271 (T) 

JBLE. Auto. Full suee. ihw Sew 
Opt Cia.OOOIW. Often 
Ol 638 4681 IDA V) 444^9 
(eves wreno.i 


All makes. Best pikas 

AMMeard) IUKJ Ud. Henlatd 

RANGE ROVER 5 sumo. 4 Hoar 
wporiaMe new “ d •* tw. swT. 
£fi K. Fun smy. are com. My 
ntllrv Trt 01-086 4889 

z , Bentleys, 

!W7 Derby 3*7 Ur, Para Ward, 
open tourer, jsrgl csbwxl 
Mbtx vi P ark-Ware lffivTadr 
COUDe £14300. PX pom. oi- 
«5 4134/ 0883 40891 

™«T ZDS CT1 rOBKTLtl. 

OH|«n pocktu mcKKtS. CbOKP. 

or colour. 033S 27 


! Jasuara. ah 


P S?ta T ail«5 , i£ n - 






MotorWey jmr 

' Tei 'WeVbr'Coe 579lV 


□C5 CTi mrt ESft BoraOM 
025 CT TfflSSffl Pral 
exs bh Aora mm 

cm en Mira esr Peai 
DabeSenblfi affiant for 
1st Aunts! daBtery 
Tat 01M3 8971. 


Coolrad ttire/Leaskq 
For afl your 0 reg 



021 427 3235. 


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30 YEARS” 




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0M» (03?S' 3135 

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Motoring by Clifford Webb 

Fiat’s challenging new breed 

Tbe new Hat Croma has a 
difficult road ahead. Hat has 
been notably unsuccessful 
with previous attempts to 
penetrate the profitable exec- 
utive car sector. As a result it 
has become one of the least 
known names in Mg cars. 

It was to remedy this weak- 
ness that the tip Italian group 
acquired foment. But n the 
Croma 2000ie Soper which I 
have just been driving is 
typical of a new breed of Hat 
fig cars then the already well- 
served executive sector has 
acquired another worthy con- 
tender to battle it out with the 
new Rover 800, Ford Gra- 
nada, Audi 100, Renault 25, 
BMW 5 series, Saab 9000 and 

VauxhaH Carlton. 

Fiat has wisely confined the 
Croma to the lower end of the 
segment by sticking to a two 
litre engine for all three ver* 
sions imported to Britain. 
Budget changes which come 
into effect bier next year lift 
the tax “break” from 1.8 to 
two litres. As 75 per cent of 
sates in this, sector are business 
as opposed to private pur- 
chases it means that managers 
who were previously restricted 
to 1.8 litres to take advantage 
of the tax break will now be 
able to lift their sights to the 
lower regions of the executive 

The Croma is not tbe best 
looking car around. There are 
already too many high tailed, 
wedge nosed rivals for it to 
stand out in a car paric. ft is 
also a tittle too chubby for my 
taste: The designers seem to 
have tried to squeeze too 
much into too lime and in 
doing so have sacrificed a few 
inches in length which would 
have made it so much sleeker. 

It is for instance only 14.7ft- 
long compared with the new 
Rover 800’s 15.4ft — and 
those extra inches make a 
world of difference. 

But cosmetics aside, the 
Croma is every inch a driver’s 
car. The familiar two litre, 

twin cam power unit with its 
integrated Webber-Mardti el- 
ectronic injection and ig nition 
equipment is very gutsy, 
responding eageity to enthu- 
siastic use of the accelerator 
and gear lever in typically 
Italian fashion. It doesget a bit 
noisy above 4,SCI0ipm when 
the exhaust develops a rau- 
cous note. Bat that may prove 
to he an attraction for those 
young thr u sters apafrfrtg an 
executive car with a sporting 

Vital statistics 

Model: Rat Croma 2000b 

Price: E10 r 149 

• '•*' ' V', ■«••• r “ r . »'• V- '- JF 

r ■ • 

" 1 r . f ’**' 


V «s- 

Flat Croma ie: Quiet motorway erdsteg 

Ford super car KiiarS 

Perfor ma nce: (HJ2mph 
seconds, max speed tl9mph - 
Offload coneum p flens Urban 
30.7mpg; 56mph, 


hrauranco: group 6/7 

One of the Croma’s pluses is 
its ability to cruise at high 
speeds on the motorway with- 
out raising its voice to more 
than a whisper. At 70mph it is 
turning over at only 3,000rpm 
in overdrive fifth gear. Unlike 
some rivals however it is not 
so highly geared that you have 
to “mop a cog” every time you 
encounter a moderately steep 

But it is on fast, winding; 
country roads that the Croma 
really cones into its own and 
you can put its well balanced 
chassis to excellent use. 
Adjustment to seating and 
steering wheel should permit 
most drivers to mid a 
comfortable position. The 
heating and ventilation sys- 
tem, feeding no less than 13 
vents, including two below the. 
front seat, takes some time to 
sort out to obtain the best 
results. L settled for tbe auto- 
matic bacon but then I was 
driving in mild weather 

Being different costs money 
in the car world. Once you 
step outside the cost effective 
economics of mass production 
the sky’s the limit P u rchase 
price soars in adverse ratio to 
production. On that basis the 
£50,000 asking price far road- 
going versions of Ford's new 
rally “ supcicai" , tbe four-, 
wheel drive RS200 powered 
by a turbo-charged Cosworth 
engine, is not as steep as it 

Ford aslced Reliant Tam- 
worth to build the 200 
RS2O0’s necessary for it to be 
recognized as a Group B rally 
car. It gave Aston Martin 
Tidcford, the Milton Keynes 
engineering and design spe- 
cialists, the job of testing and 
developing the car and seeing 
it safely through vital type 
approval tests. 

But Ford also made another 
decision which was later to 

It fold Tickford to develop 
another version as a luxury, 
high performance two-seater 
sports car. 

- How for tnnate that A-mo nn 

was only became apparent 
more recently when the grow- 
ing number of rally fatalities 
involving both drivers and 
spectators forced the govern- 
ing body of motor sport to 
curb the 160mph “racing car 
specials” in Group B. Specif- 
ication limitations which 
come into force next season 
effectively killed off the new 
RS200 rally car in its first 

This is mie- time the much 
abused description “limited 
edition” means just that. Ford 
tefl me “AD 200 have been 
bnDt and there will be no 
more. A few have gone to raDy 
drivers who wffl use them in 
medal permitted events, a few 
for use as trade racers, but the 
majority are available as a 
very exclusive sportiTcar .” 



Ei i CoTstantineirSSSl 



Hh how i smaB HtfcbM ol stu- 
db 1 ana 2 bad nas U« 

ttnttad » rent owrtBekfen 
non gstlm a mas from 
£150 p*r UDMiih. 

ft* PBi Office avaz or 





0491 576407 


S5 C Bea Until Conaflfc Bfc 
etiro. Vmtinat Mb. Bke hood. 1 
MW- 7.000 aits. ItebBH ornate to 1 
HteOMW ^ 

61 794 7856 or 
■1706 345 339 Sufey 

SHOWROOM M2 Ftadtif Read. 
London W 1 

new u>u*t. Ming raon wiiti 
swo*. law 
nudto/bedraoat. 5 odwr bed- 
room, a BUtiraom. 2 mbh, 
w«X m w^vgnwiad roof 

Barden. £SOOmt w«ek. cwnw- 
ny hi or m-eneaa votton. Ta ; 
01 876 0616 

ITKATHMI MU wajlfluul 
nadout Uk s/c fora nat. rxien- 
avr (rounds. Off SL Mrfcbig. 
hail. Me tic bedroom, uttv 
WC. (tied ftit. loungte. w 
tranei w/end and dot. coss 
nan. fteo ntt Oi» 67* 029 * 

(Kn) Lid require properties In 
cnhH south nod wen London 
mat for voting appHcBM&O!- 
231 883*. 

Fabulous 3 bedrmd meisort- 
ecw on 2 Ora With own 
emranca & ksnapao rocap- 
non. 254 baths, Ananean 
ktechon. Balcony Hat wah 
roof patio. AvaBaMa now. 

Palace Properties 
486 8926 

MMM/MOItT tCT proporOes 
from£lOO£M>OO 0 w nmonal 
service, oi^sse aoao or 0656- 
S92S24 anytune m. 

wnaairrtnw EniMiMy fur 
■USHM 9 Bedroom no ua 
omooe MocH dose loan ament- 
lln. C 1 SS pw. 946 7355 

BSUNBTOH Vuanv M/F. O/R in 
Imt house with 3 others. C1T9. 
pmk 01-263 2596 Oder 6pm. 


£ 1 IO pw. Ol 289 5819 CEvesi 1 
pear let. no shoring 

OOCUU naL L«e IfgM attong 
room. 2 heti. Klietien. tuin 
mom. Sep WC. EK thorn at 
river. £ 150 pw. C 4 M 2 2677 

■DUL n« VISnOK. south 

Kenttnoton. Fudy tensced is 
for 2- UR. Phone. Col TV. CM 
ale. Ol S84 2414/786 *281. 


•; | . lf|| ^ 

■ . ,K 

-i rp-y'-..', * V , 

xj: ; !S V< M 

f : :'3Ss 

' • •> 

• i-x# V:': vH 

Ford JRS 200: A gemrine limited edition 

• Life in the already fiercely 
fought UK repBacemem tyre 
market fa about to get even 
tougher. National Tyre Ser- 
vice, the bi gg es t indr prudent 
tyre specialist, has jast in- 
troduced a new range of Ko- 
rean tyres. Aloud 5 mfllfan 
cheap tyres are already ha- 
perted aunally from Eastern 
Europe and the Far East and 
account for a third of all 
replacement tyres. 

National says its new Ko- 
rean tyres come in sizes sidfe- 
aUe for most cars, mmri» the 
performance of the 
brands, cany aa on-the-spot 
replacement guarantee and are 
very low priced. Mr Tony 
Ward, marketing manager, 
said: “No other tyre specialist 
b willing to put fas own we 
oa fas tyres, particularly such 
an extensive range as this. 

• The sHck publicity ma- 
chines of the oil companies are 
working themselves into a 

lather aboat the dangers ho- 
rns motorists using the no- 
leaded petrol now beginning to 
appear on British forecourts. 
“Unsuitable fnghwi could be 
severely damaged” b the main 
theme. Texaco has even In- 
troduced a free phone service 
(dial 100 asi ask for ; 
Freephone 2793) if you want to 
know whether or not yoer car 
is suitable for mlraded petroL 

The need for unleaded 
pumps te he instantly identi- 
fiable is underlined by the 
introduction of British Stan- 
dard 7070 which specifies the 
minimu m $fae of “unleaded” 
pump signs and re commends 
tint they have n backgromd 
colour of green — very appro- 
priate for the anti-lead env- 
ironment lobby, but more 
importantly to make them 
instantly identifiable. 

Texaco mdortimatety is 
sticking to Wadi — the colour 
it already uses oa imIgBib*! 
pumps in Emope. 

WANTED Superior MU MTl lCT for 
lorn/ titan Co kta. 01-458 5680 
OC 0836 692824 anyUm* m. 

HEMDOH dbte mart, nr TaJtte. 
Only £30pw. OUm Dunn 
Rfubb. Ol 883 6467. 

mrougtwui N. London Call: Cx- 
pros Ren Lais. Ol 883 6457. 

KEHSW6TON. £138 PW. Excel- 
leal mctoui Ml funusltea 2 
bed garden IUI. 603 9466. 

KlfTOKTSUltiDCC ou. sleeas4 4- 
Stare r«tm/(tudy. otrooc A ter- 
race £410 pw. 01-435 8235 

K* 2 oedroen nu. reoM. c/ 
neaied. Only Ciaepw omen. 
CKPTFM Rentals. Ol 883 5457. 

LOOH IM Q for IM best flat, du- 
plex. house m London? 
CIOOAOOOpw 08 089 5481. 

mUOA VALE W» Super 2 Dd gdn 
nu Rnep. MB. CO lei. A tail 
IO Aug. EI40DW. S86 J8S6 

WW1 COTTASE WS. 2 beds in 
nutef and cfwnuno location 
£165 P.W. Tel Ol 998 6604. 

ILLQNDON 5 bed, Idas/ nets wel- 
come. CUOdw Can- Expren 
Rentals. Ol 883 6057. 

PUTNEY. Igr. lux IM. Co. Let. IO 
rain Tube. SuPerti decor. 
£I59«W. Finch*. Ol 788 4448. 

RENTAL quumc nose an types or 
accommodation ihru'om south 
London. 686 7576 

SOUTH LONDON Room in share, 
nr amenlurv £50 pw. Rental 
Guide 686 7576 

DC TOMASO Pamn otb ■ a 
ttunning wmte car wOb navy 
MueMde. 1985. 11.000 mile*. 
FSH With 6 months warranly. 
ah extrao. £30.750 (bio Tec 
Gary 07072 74615 

HUU B CD BTX- 1985. OropWle 
Grey. One owner. Service ms- 
lory. Loo of extras. £&690 
ono. Tet 01-440 4763- 

■MU st. BR Grann/'Jtddbw gold. 
Chrome ww * i w e nt, 
• unmer own, mb c— ene. b 

A G suspenston and engkneem- 
venkn. £ 6.000 TO : IBM 
71083 (Dor N> 

MUB UT ML tv* w. CO— IN* 


De Riche 
CentractM Ltd 


per month 


Mcuo City £116.51 

Maem 1300L £158^7 figs C7X37 

Monteao 1600L £I64J6 25GTX 012.44 

Rover 2I6SE £195.94 SAAB 900 3* £24X89 
MG Moricbo EH £227.51 900 4dr £27537 

RUW 900 Turbo S^Jr £38&57 

3!8i £23X30 GM VAUXHALL 
3I8i £27007 Am UL £15X87 

520i £301^5 Cmlicr 1G00L £174.76 

nrmwn, Cirlion l^L £22141 

UlMOEN Ctevalitr SRi £23830 

BX 16 RS £18535 Carhoe 2.0GL £24154 

BX 19 RD £195.94 Seoaror 25i £33352 

g>\]* VOLVO 740 GL £27537 

»X19 KD EtWS Ol 74 Q (JL Fwif £373 03 

FORD 740 GLT 0755*8 

EuMrt 1300 Laser £16946 740 GLT Estate £397.17 

- ^ f VW/AUM 

Sierra 1.8L £195.94 • Pnhi C £127 10 

Orion ogectRn Gfaia £22241 Golf C £14&28 

G™** >:«<£ E64.78 D2L51 

Ahlfi 90 CD £28900 

■nrtllCiap red. 9.000 mb. 
BaBoya. Hats, SpdtsmL £7.780 
mo. TbL-Ol 387 3455 X2B3. 
fWJ t» 764 1008 (HL 

•OLE «n Y Rtu. nuns rod. son 
roar. Mays, stereo. 41.000 
■ohm. exceoau oood. £4JBO. 
Td 061-794 4694 Inw 

m UOLP US OL Auto. 85 K) 
B doe. as new. only 1480 mb. 
2 yr» warr an ty. PX w ek n— h 
1D6J396. 091 455 2787 T 

PUJartaa Coupe. Fan aw a/ 
ha*oe Hamer. 62 jOOO mUaa. 
pood pH round nmdtkn. 
C2.750. TM (0699)83861 

AK4 x 4 u«uu Atefi Qnattn) Qmp6 £397.17 
Ommomtkfy peymgMtfinryomrwtotorimg over he ads 
Short term contract Mra nv aHaM n 
3-6 month dnratioa- 

tdephone for details 

TeU (0922) 614014 
or Telex 335069 

for foil details and a written quote on any Compnny Car 

Autoco n tracts 


CoaBaa Mrc/lcasing 
special BM- 

Pnftm u »cc vchidte* oar 
. tpeeidiiy. 
Manttenance o p da j EP 
■New ftr Oifdtik 


twin cam. 160 BHP. QmtfrCR 
base. AB aBav body, pan nosa. 
bmmacataa m row wmxi . £S. 9 &a 
Tel 0435 67306 . 

P^S. V &C Ext roedumln V 
re na me. 7S.OOO ids. Oen me 
raason. am 01 467 4679 

turbo esteiea and moat Audi 
roods b Ii aH mI I ii u Omtro. 
Phone now Q2i 543 7641 m. 

r«4A MSs 1966. wtilM. In daay 
dm. New mot. A practical am- 
ale. C3XKI0 oon. TeLOL-634- 
1361 tw) or dMaOMOSSSteveOL 


tus XL 1984 in Electric Blue. 1 
owner from new. 25X00 mb. 
£10.995. Td Ccxtalmlng 

TVR TASPON 388 SB convert* 
Ode. C rep. Red. black leather 
trim. 15.000 mb. 1 owner. 
. FSH. £16.980. Usual bade Ihc. 

Td: 0625 828411 or 610348 T 
MM oreen/bdpe itn. 37.000 
mUea. FSH. Air con. stereo. 
£19.980, Td 0625 31875 T 
BM MOOT UOOcc. Prep. Red. 
IMcoa engine. 60. 000 mtias. 
CaswUe radio. MOT November 
66. bnc SepCemljer. £ 1.200 
aped recently. Good condition. 
Owner palng abroad. UiOO 
ono. Tel: Ol 290 1067. 

Nbcan Sylvia Turbo. 1986. 
Cherry Red. 1 owner from 
new. £7-296. Tel Oodbtedap 
<048681 4311. 

SHUUA CO SWOTW. Blade, do. 
livery mMcape. am offer 
secures. Tab 09904 3686. 







We hsve warehotae facil- 
ities in Dublin City 
Ceauc adjacent to docks, 
we are looking for goods 
to market/ distribute in 
tbe Irish Republic. Thor- 
ough knowledge and 
expe ri ence of the market 


Josephine or Hngb at 
§®01 719684/719422 

AB can be inspected 
and seen woridng. 

. Each 2,000 k.w. 
manufactured by 
Aolco (USA). Alter- 
nator 4160 voltty383 
amps complete. Abo 7 
4160/12740 volts 
each 2.500 k.w. 
manufactured by 
Federal Pinoeer. All ki 
oxoaMant working 
order and cond i tion. 
Prices and al other 
information to 
Interested a p pHc ant a 

itn Vohmury UqiddaUam 
And Ibe Companies Ad 1986 
Dim me Creditors of the above- 
Mmad Cttwany arr ranterad on 
or before Friday U»a 29lh Aupmt 
1986 to and their names and ad^ 
B um and parUcubro ef mair 
debb or ctekps to me undcraiffMd 
Menard Andrew Sepal of 18 
Dmetiunt Cardens. Woodford 
Wees. Essex. 108 OPA the UquI- 
datarofihasaid Company and a 
m reomred by podoe in wrWnp. 
rrom me said Uqtddalor ate 10 
come in and grow Uietr sala debb 
or culm at such time or waoe as 
•hall be specified In such nooce or 
3 n detenu mereof ihey wai be cot- 

eluded Iran me benefit af any 

dtstrttxmoa made before auen 
debts are proved. 

Dated mb iBm day of July 1986 
RA Sepal 

volvo es leoajgra. Repopt HEG 10 *£** X i9ea 

1999. yn MOT. beantind, <£4.9Sa Pte sale. 

Bawnhool. C3.8SO. Af ter J 1 Tel eS7S-7S2Sas. 

tun- or weea^wb 01-771 6096 

Damler npnt. i or only 3 rm- 
blMd on me road. Metafile bine. 
Mack losther trim. Haaterand 
wheels, good ndi comp. TA 
tyres. £I8D00 OOP. «M95S> 
68606 after &30nm 



4 J8 

n l,> P 

nm Moots, Seauto cratt 
broken. HMianqr & swvtang 
canwlau tyjour toCU ifoalsr 



Motorin g 


Fleet & Leasing 
*0’ reg. Cars & Vans 
Immediato DeKvaty 
01-182 8782. 




■ mi i , 280 KNIGHTS HILL 



^ ^ TMs 01-761 6565/6767 

A uriqw awrice for the tfisotMUting Rofls-Royce owner seldom attained elsewhere, inaD 
servicaB a free pick-up rod deHvety and a tree valet service is foduded. 

we also offer a service tor the owner who wishes to update or change Ns Rods- 

Fbr farther bifannetfon et v«y competitive prices, please telephone and speak to one of 
our Roto-Royct trained technicians. 

A M DOT service is avaftobte 

THE *61881 TIMES 


The Times fh«iM columns are read by 
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DON'T LEAVE your hww 
Behind n wasn't Malm • M's 

been here all Ihe lime 

MY LOVELY LADY rm thought, 
are all of you I msh I could 
bring IN and uircr rrd ram to 
you I ml» to ktnUy and 
rote wnu drarlv GDHB. 

LANOftA COX: Touche!" Con 
lari Ihrouoh Den nr or Sally In 
Willilure Late Marvin. 

coll and amts omraiub- 
uom Iran all your Irtcrma on 
4A oarlicutaiiv Uu- D-Day 

REMEMBER always blue B P 
whlip hora* and MM my hand 
lightly SO 37 57 


MART Mrs J Hart and family of 
SIwsMtie. Wart* wish to emend 

ItMNr Unme Uunin lo all rela. 
lite*. friend* and roUeuues Mr 
■brtr brauuiul floral Inlwln, 
mr iB a n r r . and hlkn of symtM- 
IMn rnrltM and for the help 
and kindnrw shown lo inrm ui 
Uietr hid km 


CAUBRE errs Lid professional 

(urnrulum vifae document*. 
Detail* OluSl 5388. 
BREAKAWAY. London's Huh for 
profrwianal unallaKhed people 
2 5-43. Chet 200 events month- 
tv 24 hr info taw. 097 7994. 
experienced chauffeur Con- 
Iran work nuntdered. £12.00 
per nour Tei Oi 289 0910. 
FRIENDSHIP. Love or Marriage. 
All an. area* Dalellnr. Dept 
■DI6I S3 Abingdon Road. Lon- 
don Uin Tel OI 958 101 1. 


the team with the best 
experience World- wide 



TELs 0227 4G2618 



a bertn luxury offshore 
Cruisers Normal retail price 
£43.950 * vat. Three brand 
new Cruisers available ai 
U7.000 ♦ val for Immediate 

dHn erv Demomi ration a 
M ewing arranged. Further de- 
tails tram Dorset Yacht Ltd. 
Poole Tel. 0202-074551. 

dale style. 4' 6" wide * 8‘ 3“ 
tong Complete with 14 
Carnborough style hide chairs. 
Ofiers around £2.500. Co Mad : 
Demy 48799 lo view Ref MG. 

English Oak. hand pobslwd ta- 
bles. Sideboards, dressers, 
chairs A occasional (uraiiure 
matte lo order Ncftfebed nr 
Henley on Thames. 10491) 
frill IS. Bournemouth '02021 
293580. Tonsham Devon 
10092871 7443. Berkley Qua 
104551 810952 

FM5T quallly wool rarpets. AI 
trade price* and under, abo 
avallatrie lOO's extra. Large 
room stre remnants under lull 
normal price Chancery Carpels 
Ot 405 0463. 


cream/ brawn, hand carved. 
Pekinq design. 9fi hy 12R. Good 
quallly £625 onlS OI 891 1564 

THE TIMES I7M-19K. Other 
idles avail Hand bound rcdOy 
lor presenlaiton also 

"Sundais" £12 50 Remember 
When OI 688 6323 
suiimfn Exp. Chess Lev Mr*. 
All Iheabe and sports 
Tel. 821-6616 8280495. 

A Ex Mu DUWT» 
SEATFRIOCRS Any event me Ln 
Ml*. Gnvrnf GOn. StarUghl Cxp. 
Glvndehoume 01-828 1678. 
Mann cirttll cards. 
SEATFMOERS Any cv ml Inc Lev 
Mis. Covenl Cdn.SiartlqM Ex». 
Glindebournr. 01-828 1678- 
Mnnr credil cards. 

vportnvi events, all theatre etc. 
OI 930 4536. 

CATS, CHESS, Lev Mis AH t he- 
al l r and spoil. Tel 631 3719. 
637 1715 All malar credil 
soli- Rea unlit! condition Tel 
061 223 0881 061 231 678& 



NANKING CARGO porcelain 
Maim Boatman and 6 Rower 
border pal lem Also -amp dtshri 
■ lallire feme patlern' CI.OOO 
<wh I Hone D Collier OI 636 
Hill ollHe or OI 609 6934 

1 i ij urines animals, etc . warn- 
ed OI HH3 0024. 


How near 
CV) we are to 
^ the cure,.. 
...depends on you. 

m i tmm 

Give Direct 
) TO Cancer 

|i| Vah MO meflmB. 
W* ibtannlicclinMn 
■n nor own Umutones. 
met WSA of jaw dcautmn or 
Iqpcy pxs torcedy » march. 

bid K PO Box m, Amu 
ImM ha firth, ItwJon W2A 3Tt 

Plcac send i dwixrhjn to 
Dr. A. GUrnour, NSPCC, 
ref. hi w 8, 67 Saff ron H ill, 





9 - 7 % * 

huhkmi smen iomM.m 

01*491 2777- 


CENTRE. Seasonal stock dear 
once, coollnenlal uprfgMa A 
Cranos. High nuatiiy. afford 
. atrip prices. 38. Wlomore SL 
W1 Tel: OI 486 3111. or OI 
935 7378 



ally new -princess 412.-2*. 
immaculately kepi by rtSMenl 

owner unco delivery in Sem 
1 986 Manufacturers Warran- 
ty Latest Volvo engines and 
specification BO hours use. Top 
Quality cuuipmenl A extras. 
Owner taking delivery of new 
sail boar hence £76.000 exclud- 
ing VAT. Tel: Ion Oliver i0S90J 
682320 or ■ 06361 242974 



Superb views over Parks. Avail 
2 mrilhv tram Aim 8. 2 beds, ad 
corn, piano, parking, efr. £170 
pw Tel OI 649 5314. 

HOLIDAY FLATS A houses avail- 
anle £20E3.000pw. Personal 
Service 01-468 3680 or 0836- 
692824 anytime IT). 

Mf7 OUEENSGHTE convenient 
mews house. 2 double beds. Ige 
recem. idich/brkfst rm. fully 
rquuxwd 3 mlra tube £300 
pw Tel 381 1167. 
KENSINGTON W14. 2/3 month 
lei. Lux 2 dtrir bed lurnlstted 
balcony naL £190 pw. Avail 
now. Tef 01-408 2366 x 282 
PUTNEY. 2 bed flat in imraac or 
drr. balcony ov ertooking 
Thome*. 10 week let. £ 200 pw. 
Tel Ptppa 788 7884 Warren. 
central London from £326 pw. 
Ring Town Hse A PCS 573 3433 
REGENTS PARK small ItaL 5 
week lei August. £126 pw. Tef 
0896 638049 

S KEN. Prestige address. Elegant 
rrcep. 3 two ItaL CH. washer. 
TV. maid Tef: 01-575 0753. 
WIM8I | IHIH Imiy hoc & car. 4 
bed/2 Hits. gdn. Aug. 12/29. 
£2So pw no*. Tel 01-947 9494 


SHOCKLEY SK4. Professtonal 
matr/fematr. Non-smoker. 
Own room To share rial wllh 
pvreuem facibUes and mitten. 
£40 per week exclusive. Phone: 
01-692 2661 1 after 7.30 pmi. 

STREATHAM. Fully lurnkshed 
flat. 3rd male/lemale or mixed 
couple Large double roam. 
£44 00 single or £54 00 double 
exclusive + dcposU. Tel: 01-677 

FULHAM 25* Female, own sun- 
ny room A balcony. 10 share 
with 2 outers. In nice family 
house Tube 3 mins. £260 
PCM. rxcl. 01 736 <014 Eves 
PARSONS GREEN Professional 
M/F wanted 10 shorn lux 2 bed 
flat. Rem £316 pent. Pl ease ring 
Paul on 01 846 9090 exL2S3. 
■between 6 30 A 630 pmL 
CANGNBURY NL Beautiful Re- 
gency mixed house. F tor own 
rm Central heating. 40 ft gdn. 
£176 pem Plus Mils- 734 9461. 
EARLS CT SW5: F. 36 +■ n/s. o/r. 
in centrally healed rial. Phone 
TV etc. £200 pm Inc. TcCOl- 

FLATMATES SriMIvv Sharing, 
well eslab Introductory service. 
Pise irt for appe 01-689 S491. 
313 Brompton Road. SW3 
FULHAM. F lo share rm In lux 
flat. £36 pw exet. Tel: 01-831 
9222- ext 363. eves: 01-386 

BROOK GREEN W14 2 F shr Ige 
rm Udy sunny rial nr lube, ten- 
nis. £30pw each. 01-362 9462 
CLAPHAM M/F carocmd 30yrs). 
O/R. ta flat. Hi 1 other. 
£40pw * bins. TH 01-676 784T 
CLAPHAM prof M/F. n/s to shore 
mod flat with 2 others. £140 
Pom. Trt 01622 1003 
povltc lube From £36 pw Inc 
he aling. HW. Tel. 01-444 7191. 
2ND GIRL lo share bright modem 
nai. o/r. £180 pan mcl. Nr 
Kliunbury lube. Trt 206 1896. 
SWSi Two lor loigr brtglit double 
room. £145 pem per person. 
Tel: 370 1663 after 6pm. 

Wl. MAYFAIR. F 28 +. NS. lux 
Dal o/r £57 pw me. Phone oi- 
ler 7pm 499 66OOL 




Q Tei 01-441-0122 24hr.| 


smote mm 
Jolurp/Ha UOb «90 

Hunt* £275 £390 

Cam £150 £230 

laws £240 £360 

Oa/Bm £250 £350 

Bangkok £220 £350 

Doom £430 

Aba Asha Tran! Ltd 

1H/1M llfttal SL «1 

TEL 01-437 SOSfimt 

Lata A Grab BwAwj* Wdosm 


Nairobi. JoHuig. Cairo. Dubai. 
Istanbul. Singapore, KJL Delhi, 
Bangkok. Hong Kong. Sydney. 
Europe, & The Americas. 
RapudRo Trlwl 
76 Shaft rsburj A«eane 
Landau WIV 7DG. 
01-419 0102 
Open Saturday IOJXMDjM 

Tiairt. SO. Red Lion ST. SCI. 
01 406 I4«S. ABTA/IATA. 


Bene Travel Tel OI 385 6414 

Hay market 01-930 1366 

DtSCXMJfft FARES Worldwide. 
OI 434 0734 Jupiter Travel. 


L T C Open Sal 07638E7035. 

SICILY £208. al the wen anooinl 
ed ELI HOTEL In vecluded Day 
at franl'-llrsuo. only 7 miles 
Horn I he (ricunt iniernaltonal 
resort M TAORMINA. Price 
mrl 7 nights half board in twin 
room, return day lone Gal wick 
Ills every Tuesday Pool 4 pn- 
v Jh> bearn. iransTen tk alrpoii 
Ur Nn hidden rxlrat SICIL- 
IAN SL'N LTD OI 222 7462 

o W £395 rtn £695 Auckland 
a w £420 nn C786- JoUurg 
o w £306 rui £499. L»s Ange- 
kso tv £215 rtn £406 London 
FUam Centre 01-370 6332. 

ONE CALL lor some of tnr dm 
deals m flights, apartments, ho- 
lm. and car hire Tel London OI 
frJ6 5000. Manchester 06i 832 
200a Air Travel Advisory 


flight* eg R9 £485. Lima 
£493 nn. Also Small Group 
Houaay joumeys.ieg Peru 
irom £350) JLA Ol -747-3IOB 

lowest AIR FARES . AIM 
Club and Firvi BESTFABE Ol 
394 1642 AIM 1400 
AUSSIE, N.2.. South Afnra. 
ISA. Hotvg Kong. BeU Fane* 
01 493 7773 ABTA. 

B<*»| holidayy anywhere Sky 
TCdvel. 01 834 7426. ABTA . 
farev an charter /scheduled fte. 
631 0167 AM AMI 1893 
FlMIhH Foldor 01-47] 0047 
atOl ifrio AamA'aa. 

5 YD /MCL £618 Perth £545 All 
motor carrier* la AUS/NZ- 01- 
584 7371. ABTA 
SOUTH AFRICA Jo'bura tram 
C46S 01 584 7371 ABTA. 


HistaiiraBt GnUe 

Out Of fStBB 


HaMan Cusms 

Fiihr Lsencad 
Open 7 days a w eek 


STD (04624) 

57816 / 56574 


Save with Swissair 9 !: 
Super Apex. 

London toZurichor 
Geneva dailyoncon- . 
venienl afternoon 
flights. And daily 
. flights to Basle 
(except Sundays). 
Book and pay 14 days 
before departure. 

Slay in Switzerland 
at least until the 
Sunday a fterarrivaL ; 
Bookings and full i 
conditions from 
travel agents or 



More low-cost flights , 
j via more routes 
. to more destinations . 
'than any other agency 

Tbs!, expert, high-tech ; 
service ■ Free worldwide 
hotel & car hire pass 
• op to 60% (fiscounti 
Open 9-6 Mon-Sat 

Joununlsattof), insurance. 

Foreign Exchange, 
Map iBook Shop 

‘fcfovetfalianlfaho . 

43-M Carts Court Hoed [ 
London WB 6EJ I 

LmiO-MbuI 01-603 1515 j 
iiHOpu/USA 01-9375400 

Eurepo/USA 01-937. 




OOl Coda, fikodes. Kas. SmaOe 
Greek UmiL The Mobk. Mama 
talk taria 

13 1516 17.18 JImpH 

, I214i6 Hm/et £t99 £238 

11916114*001 £249 

I U 13 16 ITIBAmpH £199 Q*9 
29J0J1A19OI £199 £229 

Wta in Ml sraR bow hotaUrt 
mOi Ikgfif Inn Gamck. UUn M 
NUncboia mm n am md nail 
too Seorocf dtps KN Bnown 
IWrelitasOBl OBM card MOWiBl 


Til: LMdM 61 251 5456 
Tct Sheffield 9742 331100 
Tet Mndieittr 061 634 5033 
M11N. 2034 


Sydney E45S £699 

Auckland £415 £745 

Jo-Burg £306 £499 

Banda* £209 £355 

Tal Ariv £13$ £210 

New York £129 £320 

Los Angekn £216 £399 

01-370 6237 


Para 160 N YORK £275 

Framta! ESI LAW £395 

Logo* £320 Man, 020 

Nw® £325 Sngapom e«0 

Jc Qurg CJfiO £335 

Caoo E28S Katmandu £<40 

Dol/flom E335 Rangoon £350 

Hong Kong £510 Catauda £*25 

Please cal 

21 SMCba SL Lnma Wl 
■V-4J9 2VHM» B 5T? 

bur cjcmk wcana 

HOT TURKEY. AuquM avofl. 
Wrml * wrrfc relaxing al or 
pm air Draco hgirt. Him a 
“rail cnicung on our yacht lor 
£450 me nr. H/B. tier 
M/vpom. «lw romhinuwns 
pou. Ol 320 1005. 

la Euraor. 1 5A A irxm dnuna- 
honv Dipfomal TraviH- 01-730 
2201. ABTA I AT A ATOL- 


Huar Dkcounh Sonwoiid 
Train I03727» 26097 


tor Train. 01 485 9237 IATA. 

SPfUM. Portugal OmuMst fores. 

Biggies. Ol 736 GI9V ATOL. 

M. TOfPi Miami LA. umpd 
lore* on major L S vtmluM 
tomorv. Also tunuiuniK 
chanemA mania la Canada. 01 
584 7371 ABTA 

for AuMrola. K2 MMdlr rM. 
India. Far East. ABTA. Quo Air 
Travel. 01 629 2684. 

Aug/Sepl avallaMUb (09231 
771266 Tiosway HoUdays. 

bean Oedmatjons valmsMer 
01-402 4262/0052 ABTA 

61004 ATOL 1960 

ma4K: Him. Fugnu & 

holidays FVeedoa. Holidays. 
01-741 d686. ATOL 432. 

WarMwade cheapen faro- 
RrctuBand Travel, i Dane Si 
Richmond ABTA 01-940 4073. 

Kauri menwtofiy an over Mo 
nxm Tel: 01 754 0307 


TUNISIA IVcfcrt beaehn lor 
your summer hobday. Can far 
our broctiiara* wv. Tunnun 
Travel Bureau. 0I JT3 -101 1 


Aug Kl OCT UtrcCT Fla. acUiPA 
relaxing hoK. on unspent tales, 
boai Iran. 880's a Boa Far 
5010'S & Families- LuuncaM 
01 441 0122 

CRUISE Turkey 12 berth crew m 
motor yacht S win, lr £42S pp 
me ntv wncse boat avotiabto 
olher weeks from £1000. Free 
W /snorts, h/b. oi S26 1006. 


5 High SL. Egbam. Surrey 

Tel: 0784-39494 

Menu induSivS 
- evenmns, 5 causes 
rncW^ xktitd nines £20 
An axwonflnaiy 
Nkwvsila experience 
* Business S Sunday 
■ luncheons 
+ Convenient M25. 
Heamrow. Whdsar. Ascot 
* Men A30 posibon-Car Park 


TAKE TIME OFF lo Paris. Am- 
siertam. Bruasds. Bruges. 
Geneva. Bhiw. Lausanne. The 
Hague. Dublin. Rouen. Bou- 
logne A CXenoe. Time Off. 3a. 
Chester Clow. London. SW1X 
7BO 01-336 8070 




We can always SMppfy a first dass 
vOa. even al toe last nauu. Wo 

vfla. even al toe last imua. Vito 
have probably the finest selection 
n dw Medrienanean, on Corfu. 
Crete, Pans. Ataane. South of 
France, ttaiy - on toe txadi or totti 

a u have mahJ. soma a cook. 

? Fran the my expensive to 
the swpnsikfcf modosc. 

cv TTMvam 

43 Csdogn Sirert 

43 Caioan Slreel 
Lh£iSW3 2PR 
01-581 MSI / 8 T- 6 H I 
(589 01S - » IF 

LUXURY VILLAS with pools and 
stall &UII avail. South of France. 
Marbefla. Algarve. West Indies. 
Continental vuias Ol 2459181. 



MENORCA villas, some wun 
pools, apartments, uvernas. afl 
dates avail. July specials, high 
season from £166. Celtic Holi- 
days. Ol 309 7070 6 0622 
677071 OT 0623 677076 <24 
lira) Alol 1772. 



NICE. Lowest fares fr £99. 
Biggies. 736 8193. Alol 1893. 


Angus. For the rlghl vUa call 
EurovIDas 0576 61166. 



The most beautiful place^ 
you've never heard ol. 


ne w rabnra IMf no nsM 
Omsk hie. InM uobj™. 

smisikf. lalo BpL BBtfs 4 bop. Fkf 
■dna tor ntta. cmNk at taltaL 

SfandtanbnbafliPI ksri" 


W 0 I 44 ! 0122 ^ 

CORFU FOR FEW. An art 6e- 
sertmton for our holidays M 
Komlnakl- same spare from 21 
Aug. but hurry! Sunscspe Hob- 
days. 01948 5747. ATOL 
CORFU VILLAS. We atm nave 
avollaUIKy Sunday lojzaji 
Aug for 2 wVs. Beautiful villas 
nr the beach ex Gatwfck. Pan 
World Holidays. Ol 734 2662 
GREECE. Unspoilt Wands. Cheap 
flights. Villa rentals etc. Zeus 
Holidays. Ol 434 1647. AMI 

RHODES Lux apart hob from 
£ 189pp. 6. 13. 20. 27/8. 

Stem*. 0706 860814. 



A villa, a pool and a beautiful 
view. Wluri more couU you 
warn? Choose from Tuscany. 
SardtaU or BavrtJo - the lovrtk 
cr parts of luiy where the mass 
market nperaiors don't go. Or 
comouie a villa hobday with a 
stay hi Venice. Florence or 
Rome. Free brochure from 
Magic of Italy. Den T. 47 Shep- 
herds Bush Green. W12 BPS 
Tel: 01 749 7449 (24 hr* 
service I 

gust. For Uw rtUN visa call 
EuroVIUOB 0376 61186. 


MARBELLAl Lux villas with 
pools. Avail July lo OcL 01 409 
2838. vinawortd. 



TURKEY- InctuBfve holidays 
available. S. 12. 19 Aug from 
£269. Turkish Drthpil Mon- 
days Ol 891 6469C24hrak 

ATOL 2047. 



47 Resorts to SfntBsUnL 
Austin France & flay. 

7 to Biggest Choice On Shis! 
Ex Gannck. Luton. Manckestar. 
Gtasgaw & EGnbuigh 

01 785 2200 

MaodL Daft M22 7B121 

ABTA 10723 ATOL 1232 

SKI WEST bumper broctiure out 
now narked wun on ihe lop re- 
sorts. Sunday nights Ibeol the 
l rattle- 1. and amazlngty low 

prices suriuig al £69. RtnoiOl) 
788 9999 lor your copy. 
A8TA69266 ATOL 1383. 


H DEVON Pearefud fnnuAed sta- 
ble tuuv an Esute. Stps fra 
Beautiful woods & walks. IV; 
miles private toiling. £120 per 
week. Tet 0933 766633 day. 
01-749 597B eves. 


HEX. COURT. WE- lux hottday 
serviced ooi. i day to Smuts. 
Rep wHhE.T.B.01 937 0077 or 
980 7247 

house. Lac rerep. dining rm. ML 
3 db! beds. 2 baths Aug 8ft - 
29th. £290 pw. Ol 221 6116. 


SWAFFNAM. Beamed farmhouse 
exretieoi food & aocammm 
odauon BAB & 4 course EM 
£20. TH: 107606) 269. 



ALGARVE. For me summer A 
Autumn avaHairiUty at 
Portugal's exclusive Carvortro 
duta wnh luxury villas, apart- 
ments. pootofk maid service call 
Pamela WHdbUXM LM. 0249 
81 7023 0C Ol 0686722. ABTA 
ATOL 1S76 

ALGARVE. Lux vfiias with poota 
& apis avni J id/ oct oi 409 
2938- VilUWortd 

the first restmmt 
4 to kind 
in London 

3 Circus Road, St John’s Wood, NW8. 
01-586 9182/3 



IHj 01-225 2688 

By Lindsey Bartbtna 

"It's ihejood that makes 
this new restaurant an 
visit. Thefijodisso 
complex, rich, testy and 
delicious that 0 is quite 
unlike any ether Thai 
find I’ve tried in 
London. This is Thai 
food at its mast regal: it 
is pricey at around £20 a 
head for a large meal 
bat really is quite 
Outstanding. " 

By Llnyd Grasmo 

“A fine example of 
upmarket etluikity. / 
look forward to a return 


£9 JO 


A Escmno Vegetarian Dotes * 
R Open (Myfarbncfc and Anna J 

t 35fl YQHRQAB, 5 

J. ne- *"■ — J 11 RriAn 2 

* * 

little fench 
plaice: > 



TCL 01-9303999 



or 485 5743 
10 Kentish Town Rood, HW7 
Open: 123 hack. 

4-12 Dinner. 


are a tlrm of young prognssrve 
Estate Agents In Battersea reek- 
ing an PtiUiuaaMic hand work- 
ing Secretary/ Auastanl Deal lag 
wllh Ihe public. Onrir property 

reautremenls and Using with 
Negouaiors the successful] ap- 
plicant win be writ rewarded 
wHh esrelieril prospects within 
■Ms expanding company. Sala- 
ry by negolauan according lo 
age and experience. Call Sarah 
Ol 223 8466 . 

SECRETARIES for Arrhlleas A 
Designers. Pernwnenl & tempo- 
rary positions. AMSA SpecUlH 
Rcc Cans 01 734 0652 


I Responsible mature person 

rammed as kve-m Comaareon/ 
Housekeeper to lady 73 years. 
Remole country house near 
Reataq ei riyftc settng. 
Weetonda tree, dean driving 
Nonce, some nnang expenuo 
usehtl but not essental Salay 
negtAabie. retomas pieao. 

Tit Mn B 
In first 

tn-na zin 

taoca far 

87 Rnmit StTNiLandon w |. 
Tet 439 6S54.UK/OveTsein. 
Aha mJMps/ckmu (emp/pefft 


The Algarve Mtsrriatini hra just two vHas left fai me School 

Holiday period, so your protean is soiveii: 23m August for 2 or 
3 weeks - Sensational house for & pool and staff. El .800 p.w. 

3 weeks -Sensational house for & pool and staff. El .800 p w- 
28tti Augutol for 2 weeks - Simptuous house (or 10. sroggsnng 
vtawas jpoolRid atafL. Cl 550 p.w. Other aansotionSnouses 
avaMMeSept/Oet Cao us Today. 

The Algarve Alternative 

73 St James's st London Wl 

and Pasta Iiave in common? 
You can find them all at 
Parcels PastaontheBuk. 

The exc it liigiiew restaurant where the 
Spaghetn Opera Company perform 
bwefy haSan Opera every njght 
Come along ro PSrco5s_ Jhe Rasa 
is p«yfea__The Company is Captivating! 

Open Mon-MqnJD-l Mct>-SrM130 


116 Knjghtsbridge. London SW1. Tet 01-584 9777. 


The GANDHI Cottage 


* Mexican Restamm * 

* aguably the best Tex-Mex * 

2 Food in London, 2 

5 recommended by I 
2 Fay MascUer 5 

* EadSng Vegetaian ffidres y, 

finest Indian Cuisine 
Exquisite Tandoon and Chefs 
speciality seasoned to your own taste. 

Open 7 days, 

12 noon - 3 pm/6 pm - midnight 
57 Westbonme Grove, W2 

Tel: 01-221-9396. 

Air conditioning. Private function room 
available Also, conference & AVU 
facilities available: 







32 Great WndnuU Street, London, Wl 
(Jest off Piccadilly) 

* CALL 9S HOW * 01-734 3015 



MON-FRI 12-3 

Lire KtiUtir wvl Dancing 

mriiLtv in on ilmpibm 
nooudfcicaHy Vieaneae 

01-629 8716 
01-493 9789 


Fast becoming one of 
Loudon's most popular pri- 
vate emlirrg venues. A ue 0 
appointed boat that seats 12 
and otters bqfi quality cui. 

sine freshly prepared oa 
board whilst cruising the 
mas picturesque stretches 
of the Regents Canal 
Ideal lor private parties and 
business entertaining. 

Far more infarnuiioa and 
brochure* ring 01-286 3428 
Embarkation point: a pa fin 
Btomfidd Rd. 

LiUlc Venice. W9 


I’M— l o se uu drtighaui wi- 
ny IS floor 2 bedroom balcony 
ftM. £76.000. Trt: Ol 722 7396 

BAYSWATEH wz. i im nn tow- 
er ground. tastefully renovated, 
do* to tube and amenities. 
Long wore. Often £63 jP 00. Trt 
01 243 0653 m 


HYBC FK ESTATE 2 Md mato In 
ihta untoue devetoptnenL Mod 
kit A ooai. hkvp lo secluded 
prtv polio facing woodland rel- 
HK9 £>35.000 IIKl CH. CHW. 
under around Puna A ran 
CdiK. 196 yr Lse. Ol 402 9866. 

‘■CONVCYAHCMG By lolly guah- 
fted SoHCTiors. Cl 60 * vat and 

standard afsOurccmcnta ring 
0240 319598. 

BANDGAYC; Untoue paattoa en- 
wvtno protecied vea vIcwlA 
woodland own. Total arefti- 
lea conversion and re. 
decoration. 2 beds. 2 baths, f, r 
known, detaetoed home. Attrac- 

tive gardera. oarage. Freehold. 
£76.000. Tel l 0303 15241 6( 



Wiro PARK - Sumy. 9 bed 
garden ItaL Lounge, utraon t, 
rnftroom «r hwHi-woi gar- 
den. OCH, v. low m n golngL 
£«. decor. FH. £89.980 for 
oiddi sale. r« : Ol 722 5789 

wi/a mn/L Holiday tom let 
acco mm odation warned oraani. 
ly. Ol 936 1846 Sunlinfc 





Unique financial opportunity ex- 
ists to set up own business with 
no capital outlay within a secure 
office environment 
Graduates or career minded indi- 
viduals (23-35) with a sense of 
humour, call The Recruitment 
Manager on 01-491 0934. 


Belfast degrees 

- ... u v M IMS 


cmnrni: H V M HORS iTMM OW 
Frenrnk o n s . 

• .i M wm i f n-noii. i b Mim 

15 A E SL^ is^SS?]: C l^^n^niSmg 

gvsafflsrr« ■: 

and Ut): E R 

{Pjyetwtow iu 

(Eng Lamg and 

yBghE&iitH wb 

i E cSK n M L J sa'S:?s-' 

CW r M;..V vinh ComromOaiion Uv 

^ J tyv_un.nyrodCTTs Hwonr-- 

CE Ml 
j p Downey 

i am? and lit^ 

V EHlridy 

-MEg*. J a'cSV. K J DriinJ PjS.: 

abSSSE 1 4 J A &S \ 

SSrmn«& t wsw cTa . 
BgawsMwai- * 

SU2££Sliton in . Fimh and in 

C f5S? 



Kwver: S G>. 


1 MO 


n French and In' 


G MfSahee inattanLdnflWJ? uu. b f 
Mrcarron ipsycriolowi. C O m 
cormaefc (French IW9 « N 5 

odlc.iM. rrniHT Ijma ATM Lllr. J H 

ESSMnmSSKriWK * McKernS 

l?M A 
. . , . _oborno 
Owes (ComPUfw 


gffi?SSf 3,, S?ih “toSSSffiaikK S'- 

rSSS.“ awsagaMv 

trmwioa ' n Pj* 1 «; .. 
Si Science P. A. ^nlTO; S JpffSnLiP- - 
i uaHh: J M warden, n p LWju,. . 


C J wnftien (in abocnttai. D a wusrafc- ; 
E J Wilson. ,; .-.1 

Cau j COt v n: M D Doherty: PAT 

r roomw-' E ri M Trotter, 

on ’ 

Sm 7 (OCT 81: M B OMTtwB: ft S /. 
Sc’ C E Hunter S Klimm: SMAi ■ 

ISSPSTSTU D«wneny. ; • ■ 

n of Ubrary « M Studs. Consrsi' 
doom: JE Bud. with Commendation 1 


i Psychology 

Ovia 7 (Dtv I1)i J B Artwstn mg (Mori 
IMOfvl; S EC ArnMtronQfEXon* 
soc Henory fin apsettUaJ-J *- bch 

iTs"" e" w'esT (Eng Lang * 

v pShofcwwTW C cranajw L A Ketwie 
Wllh High Comrocniwmm In UbraiV 
and Inf SludMj. * ^ ‘Anmjl. W L, 
McAdoo. wiih Cornmendaiioo In • 
Ubr.Irv and Inf StudlCV C JL IT . 
McParund: IF ESwra; 

Ttu wtota wtui Commend in Lwr ana 
mr studs. 

a B«f : A Ffe < §lKS* , i5S55!ri. 

£ta 9 % > ' cuts I) M B T Nbron_ 

Oni J ICiw 8) B J AHe n iAgrt -' : 
cultural Qwmteuyj: D C CUww: 

\sssss rtiwhsisV hAd., 

SS f 8£ o"Wc«*: J S O 


^ E Bryans: J A Getty: G. 
M^ee: L^MLu^rg’i^v^J^O-Connefl. 

Su^S lPVV^OK^Vt F j MM 
(French Lang 4U11: C A Bytric 
(GeograBhyi: J Clarke (Eng Jam * 
fiijEaifllwi /FWcttoiom r. E Cum : 
in Inga i French Lang i Uiln a^nital. 

i&ST aTsor HyvtJA ^Doran 

(French Lang 4 Lji): F H FVrgusjon 
(Psychotogv): J D Ferguson (Spanish 
uSgdDtt M niwi— 

P«.I 1 (Dh q L K tiariwc j o u 


S Frazer 

u Lang 4 

UlfcTi p Ptlei’lfitg Lang 4 Lilir A J 
Gardner .(French !»*««. f 

GJison (Mod Hhioiy (In at»roito*BA 
Gin ley (Eng Laig 4 U U - I Ooitteri 
(Mod History J :G A Gorml 
raphy): G M Gray I Arena* 

Hann (Eng Lang to t 1, 4. ,n c . a E2?52J^; 
Hayes (PsvchotogyK T S 
(Ectmi to Soc Hisiary* M J Hill lEng 

Lana & UU: P 
St IM): C C Hu 
Husson (Eng I 
(French Lang _ 

( Archaeology >: E 

A Ul): C A Union (Spanish 

I j-v- ^ n UwVUirnn I ana Jtr I 

Oreaarv- S J Mark: J A McCtenaghafc. 
RMMcGiurT: N F MrCUnchey: J E- 
McCitoaSriB ^ A Nelson: B J Watsojk, 
pawcMTM Brannlgan: J P Casey: M* 
Shields. -** 


as/ m stuffs 
Stltea § » kt-d j p 

State A X Duddy: w LEUWIiTt. 

Doherty: A it LMoay: w l. ejjwm. j 
F irming (in aMenuaj: N P Cray; J H 
u.-iiwn- .1 Latimer: G McDade. . 1 J 

(Econoni^* 1 ?^.* Htioryj! 

(Mod Hisiory): S m 

Hanson: J Latimer: G McDade: 1 f 
Muldrew: A A Stevenson: R S 
Stockman: A S Thompson. 

McArdle i Geography): P J McBride 
JeSST sSTtSSoS): S B McBride 

(Mod History i ; H A E McCaughon 

S?w ) i 3 E A s ^&^r‘ 

raniiv): J F McFartane (Mml Hgta. 


McGowan (Geography!: M M C 
McKernan (Psychology*: P F M 
McLaughlin (Spanish fang A Ul). F M 
McMahon i^ograirity): K „B._M 

Faculty of Medicine 


ISKn h iSSZL.iiiin a IM J-. 


BrownTs M Canning: B.M t CtoU5, 
(Dist in Med and Se 
Chambers: KSChew: C 
Clarke: P Clarke: V M Ctose 
rni inn- r s Cooke: M M Corrigan: N r ■ 
OCwrkan: u C Crawley un absenUAIk 
DT crSmto: C M CuUen: F P Curran: 

Mo,wn wwv m 

jyL K J Nelson 

(Eng Larin * llO: P Netaon (Andeni 
History an absentia): A M 
(Political science): S NJchoq rEr- 
Lang * Ut): G.Nlctiotson (Eng^ang 

(Eng Lottg i 
(ECoa & Soc 
(Mod History* 
— k E M 

m t 

M A Robinson 


(Arc. . 

ut tin absentia): 

{^« T to _uo: P, 

Ward i 

A M VI: 
u . » n wans i 

Walls (Mod Hi 
)• LA 
G M 

fcWM « mVCox (FrenchLang &U»): 

A i 

Morgan lEcon & Soc Hlstaiy). 

M« Hons 

Gtes is M S B Leonard, - 

Sociology): P S McWilliams (Ancient 
HMory^BDd CeTOO: M J Mooney 
(English and PhUosophy): P J Owens 

C M «ch: D K HOT: PJ CJWah : D M 
Dolan: M J Donnelly: G Doran: A P 
Douglas, with Dtat in Med ad 
Surgery: P Downey: M B Doyle: V L 
nSSiw. e A Fata-. M J Farrar: M J 
FearamS C Fryers: M J Gaffney: E A 
Gardiner: J H Gilbert: D A OWn. P 
Grace: A N J Graham: C S D 
Hamftlon: J Harper: C J Haslam: C T 
Hawthorne: D A Hill: OME Hinds: T 

1 85fj¥BSIigB F » B ffl5S5r -^ 
5«?g«S1!a < SSa5SSS; 

j Jackson: A N Johnston: B T 
john£UKL with DM in Med and 
Sorrew C M Kennedy: R J Kennedy? 
D pc C Kidd: MB Lambe: P B Loan: 
CBM Lofrjhrey: w S Lowry: H J Ly- 
ons. with Dfst In Med an 
Mawhlnney: M 
In Med and 

McCOm?m: G M AnCi£S?ai: T'MM 
A C McFartane: A M 
D J MCGowan: P S 
G T M McKeeven C -A 

Kinky, with DM In MKjwKery and 

Gynaecotovv: M J McMunan; J 
McMurrayT M S McNally: M A 
McNally: B M MIKhrt: J M Moohan, 
with DM in Med and Surgery: R J 


W R .. 
j P Me* 
T M 

(English andPWUosophyJj P J t 
(Byzantine Studies and Latin). _ 
CLtn 2 (pH i): A s K Abraham 
(Archaeology and Mod History C F 

C Patterson, with inMOTwitey 
and Gynaecology: J M Porter: A j 
Quinn: J M Roberts: F O Robinson: & 
DRoss! R ■ ” “ " • 

Ross: R ■ Ryans 

Armstrong rPsycti criogy an d Socloi- 
ogy£ J Baxter (Econ 4 Mod History): 
R G Beattie (PollBra * Roldan 
Studies): S F Bergln mtonraMndn 
& Computer Sctencek S F M BraOTey 
(Anciem HM and StSroiaMc Phlloj. 
ophy); O M BraiUdn (Politics to 
SoCTOtogy): J S Conmdly (Btonra 
Admin ^ Computer Science): P C 
Connolly (Psychology and Sociology): 
J Downs (Social Anthropology, and 

swain: M C S Tan: D G Taylor: E 
Thompson; N G T .Tracey: H N V 
Trim tin abGenUai: T J Tiinder: S A 
Turley: JDE Weir: C G Whan: R J 
Whiu: M C R WIHIesttr: L L WUsam 
W R wnson: O C Wright: C m Young 

Bac h e l or of Donul Stmry 

S I Bailie; P Brennan: C J BurreU: B S 

J corkey: W J CoOTler. (DM In iL 
Surgery): S J Crowe: G F Finch; J A 
Finlay, wllh DM In Denial Suraety. 
and in Orthodontics and Paediatric 
Dentistry: T P Grudging*: C R Irwin. 
With Dist In Orthodontics and 
Paediatric Dentistry; J N Kemohan: P 
G Lawson: T Lee: P M Lenny: S-R 

SatiokNyl: P J Dunn (Mod .. 
and PoUdcsj; B A Evans (Mod History 
and Politics): E C Heath (Soc 
Anthropology to Sociology); JH A 
Hegany (Computer Science and [Statis- 
tics and Operational Researeh): A D 
Holland (Business Admin & Computer 
Science): N G Irwin (PHlosoohy to 
Politics); E A Jackson (Social 
Anthropology to Sociology): K T Owe 
■Business Admin to Computer Sci- 
ence): G M Largey (Modern HM * 
■ Politics): R Luney (Mod Hist to 
Politics): C I Marshall (Econ to Mod 

M Ross: P A Steele: JLStrawbfldfle: 
T O Thompson: P G Thornton: M-C 
Totten: B w Turner; B A -S 

J R_ McBride (Mod History to 
ng to Mod 

Politics): M B McCaffrey (E 
History): M C McCollum 
Scholastic PhUosoohy I In at 
G McConnell I Economic St 

Economics and Social 

Ke fn Eoowmm 

Ctau 2 OMw l)i BM Brennan: AG Brt- 
dle: D F CarvtUe: D M CroUiers: S B 
Davidson: J D Devine: D P Hughe$.D 
A Kelly: L K Poe A S Maginms:jSV 
Afcdean.' A M Murray: CE OTMeUL' P 
N Smyth: M J While 
Class 2 (Dtv II): J J Conkxi: J L 
Creetman: A T Donetran: N F Erwtn: 
P D Hacked; C Hamill: R S Mapec: S J 
Maoowan: I A McCaffrey: C A 
McDowell: M B T McGrady; FM 
McKee: W D G McMiHan: C D 
Mulholland: P T MulhoUaad: C.F 
O'Brien: T J M Pollock: D E PrWMr: 
DJ Service: R J SLoan: M J SoeiS* 
Pass A G Coulter, with Commend in 
Economics: G R Ferrln; H T HamUion: 
C Kelly: C J McGate: R F McLiswr. 
with Commend (n social Studies . 

History): P M McCrudden (Pouucs & 
Social Anihropoloov): w □ McDonald 
(Mod History to Politics): J M McCkme 
(Mod HM to Politics): L J Montgomery 
(Psychology & Sociology (in absentia): 
R A K Poole (Economic to Modem 
History): K C Smith (Eng to Philos- 
ophy): J p J Tale (Computer Science 
to Mathematics): C A Thompson 
(Economic & Modem History), 
was* * GK* IQ: L D Badger 
(Psydwhxn' & Sociology): w T 
Bingham Mod History to PoUtics): C 

Core ■ Computer science & Mathenial- 
k»C J E Dalton (Soda. Anihro ^ogf 

tosc J E Dalton ~ ' 
to Sociology): 

An Dunn 

Dnunra iPoMHcs 

Duke (Ptriiitcs to Sociology): M H E 
Dumigan (Business Ad nun to Com- 
puter Science): E A Ferguson (Com- 
puter Science to Mathematics). O T 

Ferry (PhUosopliy to Sr 

ClHespiew CSoclal An 
Sociology): m f Gough US 
—* — - ComMer Science: J M 

■ler Science to Statistics 

HHtocv S°^S£: C c N m H S 

Kirkpn trick (Computer Science to 
Statistics and Operational Research); 
P P Lauery (Mod History & Politico 
G M LenaghanjEng to pniiosophyi.- i 

B C Anderson tote 
PoTterkAcc): D F K Ben JAcc): N O 
Ben lAcci: T E Brown (AC O: P J 
Burnside (bus admin): D M Camooell 
(bus admin): D E Carson (bus admin): 
C M CLose (Sodologyh D G CrtBfcis 
iSocIo): c G Cranch (SocioV. T A 
Davison (Acu: D G Ddaltun! iAcCL B 
P Dolaghan (bus admin): F J - C 
Donnelly (Economic History* D j j 
Douglas i Act): W J Drake (SOCiO): 0M 
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Law Report August 1 1986 Queen’s Bench Division 



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News Grovp Newmpm Ltd 
and Others v Society of 
Graphical and Allied Trades 
$82 and Others 
Before Mr Justice Stuart-Snrith ' 
{Judgment gives July 31] 

Dismissed employees picket- 
ing outside the new premises of 
their former employers were not 
at their place of work under 
section IS of the Trade Union 
and Labour Relations Act 1974. 

Mr Justice Smart-Smith so 
heft in the Queen's Bench 
Division granting an injunction 
to the the first, second, third, 
fourth and sixth pfcuntifis 
agdinst several of the defendants, 
against whom the relief was 
sought An injunction was also 
granted to the seventh plaintiff 
in limited terms. . 

Tlie main terms of the injunc- 
tion w^e that; 

I Sogat 82, NGA 1982. William 
Freeman and Christopher Rob- 
bins “and each of them be 
restrained forthwith whether by 
ib^nsetves, their servants, offi- 
cers. agents or otherwise howso- 
ever from inciting, inducing, 
procuring, persua din g, assisti n g, 
encouraging, financing and/or 
in other ways organizing 

“(a) at or near the premises of 
News .International at 
Pennington Street, London El, 
demonstrations and/or marches 
and/or picketing which involves 
the commission of any tortious 
act or acts, in p arti c ul a r but 
without prejudice to the general- 
ity of the forgoing, nuisance 
and/or obstruction of (he high- 
way, interference .with the 
commercial contracts of the 
plaintiffs, intimidation and/or 
assault of the plain tiffs employ- 
ees or visitors, .save and except 
that the named defendants may 
organize (i) pickets, provided 
they do not exceed six in 
number at the entrance to the 
main gate for the purpose of 
peacefully obtaining or commu- 
nicating information (u) peace- 
ful. disciplined and orderly 
marches along the highway into 
Welklose Square save and ex- 
cept as the police otherwise 

“(b) at or near the premises of 
News Group Newspapers Ltd at 
Bouverie Street, London EC4, 
demonstrations and/or marches 
and/or picketing which involve 
the commission of any tortious 
act or acts and in particular but 
without prejudice to the general- 
ity of the foregoing intimidatian 
and/or assault of the employees 
of News Group Newspapers, 
Times Ne w s pap ers Ltd and 
London Post (Printers) Ltd or 
visitors of News Group News- 
papers save and except that the 
defendants may organize pick- 
ets, provided they do not exceed 
six in number at any entrance to 
the premises for the purpose of 
peacefully obtaining and 
communicating information 
and provided always that they 
are ex-employees of News 
Group Newspapers (or in the 
case of a trade union official if 
be is accompanying and 
representing such ex-employee) 
for the purpose of peacefully 
persuading persons not to work 
r . “(c) at or near the premises of 
Times Newspapers Ltd at 200 
Grays Inn Road, demonstra- 
tions and/or marches and/or 
picketing which involve the 
commission of any tortious act 
or acts and in particular bid 

without prejudice to the general- 
ity of the foregoing intimidation 
and/or assault of the employees 
of News Group Newspapers, 
•Times Newspapers or London 
Post (Printers) or visitors of 
.Times New s p apers save and 
except that the defendants may 
Organize pickets, provided they 
.do not exceed six m number, at 
-the entrance to the premises for 
tite purpose of peacefully 
.obtaining or communicating 
information and provided al- 
ways that they are ex-empfoyees 
of Times Newspapers (or in the 
case of a trade union official if 
he is accompanying and 
"representing such ex-employee) 
-for the purpose of peacefully 
persuading persons not to work. 

• 2 Sogat 82 and NGA 1982 
shall, as soon as practicable and 
in any event within 72 hours 
instruct members of their 
.respective unions not to cany 
on any of the activities re- 
strained by paragraph j above 
and shall inform the Press 
.Association of such 

An application for a stay 
pending consideration of an 
appeal was refused. 

Mr Anthony Grabiner, QC 
and Mr John Bowers for the 
plaintiffs; MrEJdredTabachmk, 
QC and Mr Nicholas 
Hinchciiffe for the first and fifth 
defendants; Mr James Goudie, 
QC and Mr Brian Keith for the 
second defendant; Mr Nicholas 
Blake for the third defendant; 
Mr John Heady for the fourth 
defendant; Mr John Mdvilfe- 
Wiffiams, QC and Mr Brian 
Langstaff for the seventh defen- 
dant; Mr Anthony Caiman, QC 
and Mr Jack-Bcatson fix- the 
eighth defendant 

■ SMITH said that the first plain- 
tiff News Group Newspapers 
Ltd printed and published The 
Sun and News of Ike World 

newsp a pers. Until January 24, 
1986 they did so at premises at 
Bouverie Street off Fleet Street; 
since then they had done so at 
premises at Pennington Street, 

The second plaintiff; limes 
Group Newspapers Ltd primed 
and published The Times and 
The Sunday Times ne w sp a pers. 
Until January 24. 1986 that was 
done at their premises at Gray s 
Inn Road. Since then h has been 
done at Warning. 

. The third plaintiff owned the 
-premises at Wapping. All. the 
other corporate plaintiffs were 
either directly or indirectly 
subsidiaries of the third plain- 

Since January 1986 the fourth 
plaintiff News . International 
Distribution Ltd bad purchased 
and distributed newspapers 
published by the first and 
second plaintiffs. The fifth 
plaintiff News International 
Supply Company Ltd supplied 
newsprint, ink and other print- 
ing supplies to the first and ■ 
Second plaint i ffs 
The sixth plaintiff London 
Post (Printers) Ltd employed 
printing and other wodeers at 
wapping and supplied that la- 
bour to the first two plaintiffs. 

The seventh plaintiff; Pamela 
Hamiiton-Dick, was deputy 
group classified advertisement 
managerfor The Times who had 
been working since January $86 
at Wapping. 

TNT Roarfirejght (UK) Ltd 
were road haulage contractors 
who undertook the transport of 
newspapers published by the 
first two plaintiffs to newsagents 
throughout the country. They 
operated from a number of 
depots »nri had wimte regular . 
collections by lorry and van 
from Wapping since production 
•tnrt fd there 

.The first defendant, the Soci- 
ety of Graphical and Allied 
Trades TC (Sogat) was one of 
the principal trade unions in the 
printing industry and its 
membership included the gen- 
eral body of print and clerical 
workers; mo6t of those em- 
ployed in the wholesale 
distrubuthm of newspapers were 
members of Sogat All the 
pemonal defendants were mem- 
bers of Sogat 

The second defendant , the 
National Graphical Association 
1982, (NGA) was another of the 
principal trade unions in the 

-- The third defendant, William 
freeman, was a member .and 
comrmttec member of the Lon- 
don machine branch of Sogat 
and in January until some time 
in May he was appointed na- 
tional picketing coordinator for 
the union, and could now 
pr oper l y be described at the 

The fourth defendant Mi- 
chad Hides, was a committee 
member of the London central 
branch of Sogat and imperial 
father of the chapel at John 
Menzies who were wholesale 
distributors of newspapers. 

The fifth defendant Michael 
Britton, was a trade union 
official member of the national 
executive committee of Sogat 
and assistant branch secretary of 
the London branch of revisers, 
ink and roBermakers and auxil- 
iaries. He was also the chief 
marshal or steward of picketing 
in connection with the dispute. 

The sixth defendant Edwin 
Chard, was sued in a repre- 
sentative capacity as represent- 
ing the members and committee 
of toe London central branch of 

The seventh defendant 
Charles Chenill, was sued as 
representing the committee and 
members of -the London ma- 
chine branch of Sogat 
The eighth defendant Chris- 
topher Robbins, was sued both 
in his own b ehal f and as 
representing the committee and 
members of the London branch 
of clerical, administrative and 
executive personnel of Swat 
He was the secretary and run- 
time salaried employee of the 
clerical branch, and was also 
appointed org ani zer and co- 
ordinator of picketing and 
demonstrations 'throngn the 
London central district of Sogat 
At a meeting on January 23, 
1986 Mr Rupert Murdoch on 

behalf of the plain tiffs was 
recorded as saying that the 
industry had worked for many 

yean with three times as many 
people as were necessary to do 
the work at wages between twice 
and five rim« the national 

It could readily be understood 
that the plaintiffs were an x iou s 
to put an end to such an 

astonishing practice. 

The plaintiffs were particu- 
larly vulnerable because the 

members of Swat were -able to 
control tbe distribution of 

Tbe site at Wanting was 
purchased in 1 978. Negotiations 
opened in 1983 with a view to 
reaching an agreement with the 
unions involved so as to pro- 
duce The Sun and News qf the 
World at Wapping. 

The talks broke down in mid 

1984. Tbe Wanting plant, was 
unable to be used and was 
becoming a serious fmanrial 

Earty in 1985 the third plain- 
tiffs conceived tbe idea of 
producing a newspaper at 
Wapping, to be known as tbe 
London PosL 

At about that time the pUin- 
trffk MUMTft d into i m o Hi liwn* 
with TNT with a view to the 
latter providing a distribution 
service by road of the existing 
titles, winch by then included 
The Times and The Sunday 

Tbe plaintiffs and the unions 
hwiin BMwtMtiftn* in Septem- 
ber 1985 with a view to tire 
. employment of union members 
at Wapping on tbe London Tost 
The negotiations little 
or no prog re s s. Details pro- 
posals were put forward by tbe 
employers on November 1, 

1985. There were important 
provisions in that the agreement 
was to be legally binding, that 
the unions should accept the 
new technology and flexible 
working arrangements without 
rigid demarcation fines and no 
union closed shop. Tbe agree- 
ment was to he for five years and 
there was to be a no strike 

Tbe unions were not prepared 
to accept those conditions and 
talks broke down on December 
19, 1985. 

In a press release on Decem- 
ber 29, 1985 tbe third plaintiff 
made it dear tint the Wapping 
plant would be brought into 
readiness for the London Post 
and for other group require- 
ments, whether or not agree- 
ment was reached with the 
anions. - ~ 

In mid Jammy 1986 tbe first 
and second defendants balloted 
their members with a view to 
taking industrial action, includ- 
ing strike action. There were 
substantial majorities in favour 
of such action. 

At 7 JO ran on January 24 
members ofScgor and the NGA. 
together with those of the 
AUEW employed by the first 
and second plaintiffs went on 
strike: Wh ere upon they were 
served with dismissal notices. A 
total of about 5,500 union 
workers lost their jobs. 

Thereafter production of all 
four papers was successfully 
switched to Wapping. Not- 
withstanding that it was cfeariy 
unlawful Sogat sought to halt 
the distribution ofthe papers by 
instructing aO their members 
not to handle the plaintiffs’ 

But the arrangements made 
by tbe p l ai n t i ff s with TNT 
largely bypassed the normal 
system. Nevertheless the plain- 
tiff had to seek and pbtain 
injunctive relief to restrain the 
first defendant from inducing 

their members to break con- 
tracts of employment with the 
wholesale distributors. 

Tbe first defendant did not 
obey the injunction and on 
February 10 they were fined 
£25,000 for breach and their 
assets sequestrated. 

On May 8, 'ironically only a 
few days" after the worst violence 
seen on the picket line at 
Wapping, Sogat purged then- 
contempt of court and the 
sequestration order was re- 

In February 1986 talks began 
with the unions with a view to 
settlement of the claims of tbe 
dismissed employees. 

In effect each dismissed 
worker was offered about £620 

for each year of employment, 

with a minimum of £2,000. In 
addition the plaintiffs offered to 
transfer the premises and plant 
at Gray’s Inn Road to tbe 
unions or a body set up fra- the 
purpose of running a paper. 

Following rejection of the 

offer die plaintiffs iwwi the 
writ in these proceedings on 
June 13. 

The conduct complained of 
consisted of allegedly unlawful 
and tortious acts 

The first to sixth plain tiffs 
sought, inter alio, an order that 
the defendants their servants or 
agents, be res trai ned from incit- 
ing, inducing, procuring, financ- 
ing and/or in other ways 
facilitating at or near the 
plaintiffs' premises at Wapping, 
demonstrations, marches, 
and/ or picketing which in- 
volved tbe commission of any 
unlawful act or acts and, in 
particular, nuisance, obstruc- 
tion of the highway, interference 
with the trade, business or 
commerdai contracts of tbe said 
plaintiffs and/or intimidation 
save and except such picketing 
as was rendered lawful by 
section 15 of the Trade Union 
and Labour Relations Act 1974, 
as am—vtwt and not exceeding 
six pickets at the entrance to the 

They sought similar relief In 
respect of their own premises at 
Gray’s Inn Road anil Bouverie 
Street and also in relation to 
various depots of TNT. 

They also sought an order 
restraining the defendants from 
interference with the commer- 
cial contracts or trade ra busi- 
ness by delaying or interfering 
with the dispatch of newspapers 
published by the first and 
ypfrv nH plaintiffs. nnA distrib- 
uted by the fourth plaintiff 

Tbe plaintiffs contended that 
tbe conduct complained of in- 
volved commission of four 
separate torts: nuisance, 
intimidation, harassment and 
interference with the perfor- 
mance of their commercial con- 
tracts, and that tbe defendants 
were iiahie in respect of some or 
all of those torts. 

The defendants submitted 
that the torts alleged were not 
made out, and that even if they 
were, the defendants were not 
responsible for them and could liable: They also submit- 
ted that tbe plaintiffs ^ not 
made out a case on the balance 
of convenience and additionally 
as against the first to sixth 
plaintiffs, they alleged that they 
did not come to court with clean 
hands and that the court should 
refuse equitable relief for that 
reason if aH else Baled. 

As regarded public nrmance, 
if there was an unreasonable 
obstruction of the highway 
resulting from the events at 
Wapping and the seventh plain- 
tiff could establish particular 
damage, she could sue those 
responsible for tbe nuisance: 
Equally the first to sixth plain- 
tifis could sue if they proved 

The defendants contended 
that if there was any obstruction 
it did not affect the public at 
large bat only a small number of 
people; namely tbe plaintiffs’ 
employees and TNT’s drivers. 

His Lordship rejected that 
argument saying that it was 
doubtful if it coaid ever apply to 
obstruction of the highway 
where ft might be presumed that 
those who might wish to pass 
were obstructed. 

In any event, his Lordship 
was satisfied that it did affect the 
public at large, and, in any 
event, the plaintiffs' employees 
and TNTs drivers were a 
sufficient class within Lord 

Justice Romcris proposition in 
Attorney General v PYA Quar- 
riers Lid ([1957J 2 QB 169). 

- With respect to private nui- 
sance, it was submitted that the 
third plaintiffs, as owners of the 
land, were entitled to sue at 
Wapping, as were the first and 
second plaintiffs at Bouverie 
Street and Gray's Inn Road 
respectively if the nuisance was 
made out. 

His Lordship had no doubt 
that the conduct ofthe pickets 
and the daily demonstrators as 
described in the evidence 
amounted to an unreasonable 
obstruction of the highway. 

Moreover, it seemed that 
unlike (he working miners in 
Thomas v NUM (South Wales) 
([1986] Ch 20), who were unable 
to establish special damage be- 
cause they were driven into the 
pit ra a bos provided by their 
employer, and there was no 
other evidence of damage, both 
tbe seventh plaintiff and others 
of the plaintiffs could establish 
damage peculiar to them. 

The third plaintiffs cause of 
action hi private nuisance was 
also established, it not being 
necessary to establish peculiar 
damage in that case. 

So far as the twice weekly 
marches, rallies and demonstra- 
tions were concerned, when they 
were peaceful and orderly no 
nuisance was created. But it was 
quite dear that on those occa- 
sions when tbe marches or 
demonstrations got out of con- 
trol attacked the police, tbe 
employees of tbe plaintifis and 
. TNT and obstructed the high- 
way by masses of people that 
that was not a reasonable use of 
the highway and amounted to a 

So far as special damage was 
concerned His Lordship 
doubted whether the seventh 
plaintiff could establish any 
since she did not normally work 
- on a Saturday when the worst 
violence and disorder occurred. 

But the corporate plaintiffs or 
some of them could establish 
rtanwy Tbe bussing arrange- 
ments were in part due to that 
and so was the employment of 
extra security staff at very 
considerable aMiinnal ex- 

Tbe conduct of the pickets 
and demonstrators on many 
occasions at Bouverie Street and 
Gray's Inn Road, amounted to 
an obstruction and the abusive 
and threatening behaviour 
could not be said to be a 
reasonable use of the highway. 
But Mr Grabiner accepted that 
the plaintiffs had no real ev- 
idence of damage caused by 
those taking part in those 

Turning to tbe question of 
intimidation, the defendants 
submitted, rightly in his 
Lordship's view, that abuse, 
swearing or shoving did not 
amount to a threat of violence. 

They further submitted that 
the threat had to be express or 
implied that if the person threat- 
ened did not do what was 
required, he would be subjected 
to violence and that such threats 
as had been matte did not 
amount to that 

His Lordship disagreed, say- 
ing that the obvious intention of 
the threats was to dissuade 
people from continuing to work 
and in enter for an injunction to 
be granted tbe threat ra threats 
must be serious and taken 
seriously by those who received 
them, and that was where the 
evidence of what had happened 
away from the plaintiffs' 
premises was materi al. 

Where there was such an 
abundance of evidence of the 
employees being followed, mo- 
lested, assaulted and subjected 
to criminal damage to their cars 
and houses, to say nothing of the 
treatment meted out to TNT 
driven, it was idle to suggest 
that the threats were not senous 
or to be taken seriously. 

It followed that his Lordship 
<fid not accept the defendants' 
submission that injunctive relief 
could only be granted to tbe 
employee in the form of an 
injunction to restrain assault. It 
was both the threats and any 
assault that should be re- 

So for as the seventh plaintiff 
was concerned, in the circum- 

stances of the case, tbe actions | 
were coercive threats 
to persuade her to cease ’ 
for the plaintifis 

As to the ton of harassment, 
the defendants criticized the I 
decision of Mr Justice Scott in | 
Thomas v NUM (South Wales), 
submitting that he should sot | 
have invented a new tort and 
that it was not sufficient to 
found liability that there had! 
been an unreasonable interfer - 1 
ence with the rights of others, 
even though when a balance was 
strode between conflicting rights 
and interests, the scale came 
down in favour of the plaintiff; 
unless those rights were re o 
Ofnized by the law and feD 
within some accepted head of I 

His Lordship said that he was 
bound to say that there was 
fence in those criticisms es- 
pecially where it did not appear 
that damage was a necessary 
ingredient of that ton. 

Since the tort of nuisance was 
established however, and the 
tort of intimidation was threat- 
ened, ft was unnecessary to 
express a final view on the 
question of harassment. 

The plaintifis contended that 
there was interference with the [ 
primary obligations in contract. 

His Lordship was not satisfied 
♦hat tbe p laintiff*; had dis- 1 
charged the burden which rested 
upon them of establishing 
actionable interference with ei- 
ther the contract with the fourth 
plaintiff, or of the contract 
between the fourth plaintiff and 
the wholesale distributor on a 
day-to-day bans that tbe fourth 
plaintiff would distribute as 
quickly as possible. 

It was doubtful that that was a 
primary obligation of tbe con- 
tract and there was no evidence 
before tbe court of those con- 
tracts and it was incumbent 
upon tbe plaintiffs to adduce 
evidence of the existence and 
terms of such contracts. 

In dealing with statutory 
protection for the defendants, 
Mr Grabiner said that three 
propositions were established 
on the evidence. That those who 
attended at ra near Wapping 
were not at or near their place of 

His Lordship agreed with 
that. It seemed that “place” 
referred to a geographical loca- 
tion and without special words 
in section IS a place where a man 
had never worked could not 
become one where be did. 

As regards vicarious liability, 
the defendants were not liable 
simply because they organized a 
march ra during the 

course of which tortious acts 
were committed by third par- 
ties even though such acts could 
be foreseen. 

’ ■ His Lordship did not accept 
the defendants' submission tint 
they did not have the necessary 
dements of oontroL It seemed 
that the defendant unions could 
exercise substantial control over | 
their members »nrf m the ul- 
timate event that they could not 
control them they might have to 
desist from organizing tbe activ- 
ity in question. 

ffislradship added that there I 
was no evidence that use of | 
- di sc iplin ary powers had been 
threatened against those who 
stepped out of line. 

As regards the representative ; 
actions brought against the 
sixth, seventh and eighth defen- 
dants, His Lordship accepted 
five out of the six submissions of 
those defendants, although 
some went to tbe exercise of his 
discretion rather than to 
jtnsdiciion. In this case it 
seemed plain that members of 
the same branch might well 
have divergent defences. For 
those and other reasons, the 
re pres e n tative actions against 
tbe sixth, seventh and eighth 
defendants bad to be dismissed. 

In considering whether 
injunctive relief should be 
granted his Lordship said that 
tbe plaintiffs had also made out 
their case against the third, fifth 
and eighth defendants. 

Solicitors: Farrer& Co; Robin I 
Thompson & Partners; Kershaw 
Gassman & Matthews; Huggins 
& Co; Seifert Sedley Williams; | 
Russell Jones & Walker. 

£ *“ 

Cr 1 

w • *«- 
«• ‘ 

». -» ■ 
r * 


r? ** - 

Appeal cured any lack of fairness in council case 


v . ' 

•v •’ ■■ ■ 


i "• ' 

*7- • 

• -t 


Hood and Others ▼ McMahon 
Before Lord Justice Lawton, 
Lord Justice DHIon and Lord 
'.Justice Woolf 
- (Judgment given July 31] 

. - Any lack of feirness in a 
■'failure by a district auditor to 
;bfier 49 Liverpool councillors 
an oral hearing, when deciding 
•to certify, pursuant to section 
20(1) ofthe Local Government 
Finance Act 1982, a sum as 
-■being due from them as a Iras 
■ incurred ra deficiency caused by 
their wilful misconduct, bad 
-been cured by their appeal to tbe 

'Divisional Court under section 

. Court of Appeal so bdd 
when dismissing appeals by 47 
■/(two having since died) liver- 
' Pool councillors from a decision 
f qf foe Queen’s Bench Divisional 
; Court (Lord Justice Gtidewefl, 

* Mr Justice Caulfield and Mr 
-Justice Russell) (sub nom Glad- 
, and Others v McMahon) on 
-March 5, 1986 (The Times, 

March 6, 1986L 

' • The councillors had appealed 

* to tbe Divisional Court against 

* the decision of tbe district 
' auditor for Liverpool on 
■September 6, 1985. to certify 

* -that £106,103 was dne from the 


- On June 26, 1985, the district 
’ auditor had sent to the appellant 

councillors a notice of an 
pctraopdinaiy audit to consider 
' whether he should certify a sum 
£106.103 under section W> 
bs due from the councillors 
•consequent on their fiulure to 
. make, or the delay in ma lti ng, a 
.rate for the financial year 
commencing April 1. 1981 
Tbe notice provided that 
re pre se ntations In writing ooold 
, be made by the councillors 
. before the district auditor 

- reached his decision. 

‘ Accompanying notes alleged 
. that by delaying tbe malting of a 

rate without iawftil justification 
the coundlfors had acted in 
breach of statutory duty and 

were guOty of wilful miscon- 

Representations made by the 
councillors in response to tbe 
notice claimed that they had 
throughout acted in good faith 
and after taking advice from 
their officers and that they had 
never at any time sought to 
avoid their dirty to make a rate 
or introduce unnecessary delays 
in its discharge. But no request 

was made to the district auditor 
for him to hear any of the 

Mr Louis Blom-Cboper, QC 
Ms Beverley Ung and Ms 
Heather Williams for the coun- 
rillors; Mr Anthony Hidden, 
QC and Mr Mark Lowe fin- the 
district auditor, Mr Charles 
Gross fra Liverpool City 

said that the appeal raised three 
i smy (1) Did the district 
auditor act fairly in issuing the 
certificate? (2) If be (fid not. did 
the councillors’ appeal to the 

Divisional Court cure any un- 
fairness? (3) If any unfairness 
was cured, did the facts prove 
that the craincfllras, and each of 
them, had been guilty of wilful 

The history ofthe office and 
practices of district ■ auditors 
established that certainly from 
about 1909 at least until 1982 ft 
was the normal, perhaps invari- 
able. practice for district audi- 
tors to offer oral hearings before 

The Local Government Fi- 
nance Act 1982 repealed earlier 
provisions dealing with tbe 
powers of district auditors and, 
as in earlier Acts, made no 
statutory provision for anyone 
suspected of witful misconduct 
to be offered an oral hearing. 

When exercising his powers 
under section 20 ofthe 1982 Act 
the district auditor had a 
constitutional duty to act fairly. 
It could be inferred from the 
legislative history that Par- 

liament had- left it to the 
discretion of district auditors 
what procedure to adopt when 
exercising their powers to sur- 

On the facts, the district 
auditor should not be criticized 
for the way be started his 
inquiry. If he had offered oral 
hearings at the outset it might 
have ntwi an inordinate time. 

By inviting written 
representations he might have 
been able to discover quickly 
whether any of the councillors 
had a satisfactory answer or 
none at alL Also, ft could be 
inferred that tbe councillors 
themselves were content with 
tiie procedure adopted. 

It was submitted that, even if 
it was permissible to start by 
inviting written re p re se n t a tions, 
when tbe district auditor re- 
ceived them and appreciated the 
councillors' explanations, he 
should have given them an 
opportunity of an oral bearing 
or of having their cases pro* 
sen ted by a lawyer. 

It was said on behalf of the 
district auditor that what the 
councillors were saying was 
wholly inconsistent with the 
council's own minutes and 

The courts were chary, how- 
ever, about disbelieving people 
and attributing bad faith to 
them without an oral hea rin g. 
Had tbe councillors been given 
an opportunity of commenting 
on the adverse opinion of their 
conduct which the district audi- 
tor bad formed, they, or some of 
them, might have been able to 

persuade him of their good faith 

and credibility. 

On the facts they might have 
had difficulty in doing sol but it 
was unfair not to have given 
them that chance. 

The stinting point in any 
inquiry into whether tbe appeal 
to the Divisional Conn was 
capable of curing that unfairness 
was to construe the statutory 
provisions conferring the 

originating and appellate juris- 

In his Lordship's judgment, 
the statutory framework of sec- 
tion 20 revealed an intention on 
tbe part of Parliament that all 
complaints, whatever their na- 
ture, against the derision of a 
district auditor should be 
brought before the court so that 
at the end of tbe appellate 
process justice could be done. 

It would not have beeu right, 
as was submitted for tbe district 
auditor before the Divisional 
Court, for the councillors, be- 
cause of the alleged unfairness, 
10 have applied for judicial 
review instead of appealing. 

In his Lordship's judgment, 
the Divisional Court was ca- 
pable of curing such unfairness 
as there was in the way the 
district auditor exercised his 

The Divisional Court gave 
the councillors every opportu- 
nity of leading any evidence 
they wished and, through 
e x perienced counsel, of making 
all relevant submissions. The 
proceedings before that court 
were truly a rehearing and not, 
as suggested, a critical examina- 
tion of a reasoned decision. 

Each of the councillors bad a 
fair and adequate oppo r t uni ty of 

dealing with any findings god 
comments which were critical of 
ra adverse to them in tbe district 
auditor’s reasons. Such unfair- 
ness as there was in the way he 
bad performed his duties was 
cured by the appeal. 

When a number of persons 
were charged with having com- 
bined to commit an offence, tbe 
case of each had to be separately 
considered. That principle ap- 
plied in the pre s en t case: 

However, those appellant 
councillors who were not lead- 
ers had by their votes supported 
and encouraged the leaders to 
pursue the course of conduct 
under scrutiny. Farther, they 
had expressly adopted what the 
leader of the council had said in 

his and tbeir defence: There was 
no valid reason feu- distinguish- 
ing between any of them. 

Wilful misconduct was delib- 
erately doing something which 
was wrong knowing it to be 
wrong or with reckless indif- 
ference as to whether ft was 
wrong or not 

The evidence established that 
the coundUors tried to do what 
they had pledged themselves to 
do; but that cost money which 
could only be got from rate- 
payers or central government. 

By April 16, 1985, no rational 
member of the majority party 
on the council could have 
believed that there was any hope 
of persuading central govern- 
ment to make further grams out 
of central funds. 

Inactivity in the rate-making 
process continued until the dis* 
trict auditor made it -dear to 
council members that if they did 
not make a rate soon they were 
likely to be surcharged When a 
rate was made on June 14 all the 
appellant councillors must have 
appreciated that it was an 
unlawful one. 

Pursuit of their political 
objectives was not a valid 
excuse fra not performing their 
statutory duty under tbe Gen- 

eral Rate Art 1967. In his 
Lordship's judgment, there was 
ample evidence on which the 
Divisional Court could find 
wilful misconduct. 

concurring, said that, though 
inclined to the view that the 
district auditor ought, after 
considering the councillors’ 
representations, to have offered 
them an oral hearing, his Lord- 
ship found h unnecessary to 
reach a final conclusion. 

concurring, said that in cases 
such as the present tbe question 
was whether, taking into ac- 
count the complainant's rights 

ofappeaL and if exercised what 

happened on appeal, the com- 
plainant, viewing the combined 
proceedings as a whole, had bad 
a fair bearing. 

While ft might have been 
preferable to oner an oral hear- 
ing at tbe earlier stage, justice 
did not require such an offer. 
When the proceedings were 
considered as a whole the 
allegation of unfairness was not 
made out 

Solicitors: Christian Fisher &] 
Co; Cliff ord-Ttiroen Mr WD-| 
liam Murray, Liverpool. 

Peak condition: John Blair-Fish climbing high above Davos 

Marathons take 
to the mountains 
for new challenge 

From Michael Coleman, Davos 

As well as mesh and cuckoo 
docks, tbe Swiss have now 
invented the mountain marathon 
nee — up and back. The first of 
these hmg-rakiag epics, the 
Davos Alpine Marathon which 
entailed scaling (and descend- 
ing) tbe 8B56ft Sertig Pass on 
the fringes of the Engadine, was 
■ged here with no less than 
0 runners completing the 4]J 
mite coarse, of which 38 were 

To the amazement of the 
sceptics who had labelled the 
whole thing absurd and fool- 
hardy, nobody died and none 
looked worse off than after n Mg 
city marathon. Indeed, the win- 
ner of the women's race, So- 
gnnw Bitser from Hechingen, 
West Germany/a perfect exam- 
ple of effortless excellence if 
ever there was one, strolled 
about so nonchalantly after- 
wards that one doubted if she 
had taken part. The 20 year-old 
slip of a girl blitzed r ound in 
under seven hoars. 

At the other end of the age 
scale. Vital Cajoz, celebrating 
his 73rd birthday on the day, 
survived so well that be skipped 
nimbly np onto the stage at the 
aprfs-race banquet witbont trace 
of fatigue. A had certainly been a 
day for the Alpinists, for whom 
the motion forward oeght also to 
be upward and, more im- 
portantly. into n natural 
envi ro n m e nt . 

For the *flat-earthers’ such as 
Janis Klecker, currently 
America's fastest woman (2hr 
31min), and her husband Barney 
(2hr 1 brain), it proved a hum- 
bling experience. For John An- 
drew Blair-Fish, a computer 
specialist from Edlnbnrgh 
University tboogh bran in soath- 
era England, it was tbe day he 
in for Britain. 

Whether he liked it or not. 
and Bfaur-Fish seems the last 
person to seek publicity with his 
dislike of the mass-marathons 
and die accompanying media 
hype amounting almost to an 
aversion, he was weari ng a 
British vest that day, even 
though it read Caraethy Hill 

After the pack had streamed 
out of Davos (5,116ft) on the 
op enin g 17-mile ‘sprint’ down to 
FQisnr (3,930ft), Blair-Fish 
foand himself back In the mid- 
50s as the competitors prepared 
for the hard staff — 13 miles of 

sheer climbing. The Hat- 
ea r t h e rs ’ began to feel they were 
rmmiag on tbe spoC tbe Blair- 
Fishes were getting nearer to 
seventh heaven. A pp landing 
villagers were now giving way to 
the beloved solitude of treeless 
slopes, narrow rocky paths and, 
eventually, just rocks. The gla- 
cier below Piz Kescfa was 


We of the press were, by now, 
bong shnttled by mountain res- 
ale helicopters from peak to 
peak for a dose-up view. Up 
front, the long, lean Johannes 
Knupfer, a teacher from 
Vetsam, had eased a way from 
tbe favoured Robert Scfafapfer of 
Arosa and was picking his way 
done to tbe beckoning summit 
as skOfhUy as a man can with a 
marathon already in his legs. 

Behind, the previously am- 
bitious Klecker was being 
dropped mercilessly by die likes 
of Hfider. Camenzmd. Vofken. 
Spuler, Blersch and Schnyder 
whose very names spelt Alps. 
Blair-Fish, too, was bnsy getting 
away from the madding crowd, 
ascending like a ratdietwbeei 
train. In the two-and-a-half 
hours to tbe summi t, he passed 
more than 40, going over elev- 
enth on the heels of Klecker. 

Going down was perhaps 
worse than going ap, aching 
thighs having to be employed as 
brakes. A winding, uneven, for- 
est path just above Davos de- 
manded concentration when feet 
jnst wanted to be let fan. 
Knupfer strode in triumphant, 
docking 5hr 23nrin S4sec com- 
pared with Bbur-Flsh*s 5hr 
56min 15sec for tenth place and 
Miss Bitsers 6hr 54min 30sec. 
These was generous 
money; for Knupfer 1,500 ! 
francs phs 400 more for various 
village ’sprint' prizes a la Tour 
de France; for Hair-Fish, a 
tenth Of that- 

A total trimnph for the Swiss 
all rtxmd and perhaps a hint of 
tbe direction n which the big 
marathons ought to be going. 
Everyone was a winner, and had 
been treated as soch. In compar- 
ing die care be had received 
daring the race, Britain's repre- 
sentative could not but recall 
that time he did the Wansdale 
race and the refreshments bud 
oat at tbe top had a notice — ‘For 
Kendal and Keswick runners 
only'. “I was a bit annoyed” he 


A wound-up 
club draw 
local rivals 

Middlesbrough received a 
boost yesterday when the Foot- 
ball League included them in the 
draw for the first round of the 
Littlewoods Challenge Cup. The 
club, who were wound up in the 
High Court on Tuesday, have 
been paired with Hartlepool 
their local rivals. 

Tbe clubs play at Hartlepool 
in a friendly match tonight "It's 
a great tie from our point of 
view — I just hope it takes 
place," John Smart, chairman of 
the fourth division side, said. 

Andy Williamson, a League 
spokesman, said: “We discuraed 
whether or not Middlesbrough 
should be included in the draw 
and came to the conclusion that 
it was necessary in anticipation 
of a satisfactory.** 

DRAW: Btackpooi v Preston, Bury v 
Baton, Rochdale v Bumety, Stockport v 
Tranmere. VWmn vBtacMwm, Doncaster 
v Roitwrham. Huddersfield v Hafifax, 
Hafltapool v MkUbsbrough. CarSsb v 
Grtroby. Sunderland v Yore. Scunthorpe 
v Oariraon. Notts County v Port vide. 
Derby v Chester, Watsatf v Mansfield. 
Shrewsbury v Crewe. Chesterfield v 

Wrexham. Wotwrhampton v Lincoei, Cat- 

CSfi v Plymouth. Swfndon v Torquay. 

Bournemouth v Bristol City. I l er gl otd v 

Swansea, Bo star v Newport Bristol 

Rrerare v Reading. GBtngftam v North- 

1 , Southend v Bremfora. 

Setting-off NI debt 

Orient v 

Cambridg e. Aldershot v Ftaham, C* 

chaster v Peterborough (ties over two 
lags, amahs Oegmng August 25 and 
September i). 


No cannonball 
fire from 
England team 

Tbe United States retained 
their 100 per cent record against 
England when they beat them 3- 
I at Leicester yesterday follow- 
ing a 2-1 success at the same 
venue on Tuesday evening 
(Joyce Whitehead writes). 

In both matches England 
scored first. Mary Cheetharn 
(Leicestershire) ended a classic 
move on Tuesday and Vickey 
Dixon (Cambridgshire) scored 
from a penalty comer yesterday, 
which was a nice change, but 
after that they appeared to have 
no comeback against their fast 
and lively opponents. They were 
constantly playing a spoiling 
game and it was the US who 
held the reins. 

England had other penalty 
comers but frittered them away. 
Their shots were feeble; this day 
and age requires cannon bail 
shots from tbe edge ofthe circle. 
Karen Brown (Surrey) showed 
considerable skill on a few 
occasions but the US saw to it 
that she was not in a position to 
use it to score. 

Megan Donnelly equalized 
for the US and then increased 
her tally ax penalty comers to 
two in the second half and ft was 
Beth Beglin. their captain, who 
put the finishing touch to a field 
goal to complete tbe score. 

R. A. Cullen Ltd v Nottingham 
Health Authority 

Notwithstanding paragraph 
15(1) of Schedule 5 to tbe 
National Health Service Act 
1977. which had a purely pro- 
cedural effect, a health authority 
entering Into a contract with a 
company for work to be carried 
out and for materials to be 
supplied did so as an agent of 
the Crown. 

Accordingly, money due to 
the company from the health 
authority could be set off as a 
mutual debt against arrears of 

National Insurance contribu- 
tions due from the company to 
the Department of Health and [ 
Social Security under section 31 1 
of the Bankruptcy Act 19!4 on 
the voluntary liquidation of the 

The Court of Appeal (Lord 
Justice Slade, Lord Justice | 
Nkrbolis and Sir Denys Buckley) 
so stated cm July 30. 1986 
dismissing an appeal by the 
plaintiffs, from a decision of 
Judge Heakl sitting as a deputy 
High Court Judge at Notary 
ham on September 24. 1985. 

A bold sporting future 

Wakefield's bold aim to estab- 
lish what w01 be a virtual sports 
city on its outskirts has come a 
step nearer fruition (Michael 
Coleman writes). Local coun- 
cillors have approved proposals 
rhicb, while varying certain 
aspects of the siting and control 
of facilities, give the nabitioas 
Dtoiect tbe so-Abeftd- 
A 2,000 square foot model wfll 
be erected within three months 
to give .residents and eventual 
better idea of the 

revolutionary sports/leisure 
park, the brainchild of the 
Sussex group PressconL h* 
traded for aU-year-round maxi- 
mum use, its swimming pool, ice 
stadium and velodrome wfll be 
the most advanced in Europe. 

The latter vriD not be hit by 
the vagaries of the weather as 

bring experienced at present in 
Ediabargh. Full OOtfrie plan- 
ning permission is expected to 
be given at tbe next meeting of 
the eoondl in September. 

| 1 9 
amt ; 




Enbarr has the pace to 
to give Cecil his first 
victory in Extel Stakes 

online i 
for atop 

By Mandarin 

Enbarr can give Henry Cecil 
a first-ever triumph in the 
Extel Stakes, the £25,000 fea- 
ture at Goodwood this after- 
noon. Originally, Cecil, six 
times the champion trainer, 
had planned to aim Star 
Cutter, Tuesday’s decisive 
winner 3 t this highly compet- 
itive 10 -furiong handicap, but 
then decided that Enbarr was 
the better treated of the pair. 

When finishing a dose third 
to Hand As Iron at Newmarket 
a waiting game was adopted 
by Willy Ryan. Sieve Cautben 
used more forcing tactics at 
Kempton, where the three- 
year-old sprinted clear early in 
the straight to beat Musical 
Youth by three lengths in a 
fast time. 

Navarzato. the Britannia 
Stakes runner-up, and Fulke 
Johnson Houghton's fast- 
improving Shergar colt, 
Nilambar, winner of his last 
two races, appear to form the 
hard core of the opposition. 
Celestial Storm, First Dibs. 
Sweet Mover and Travel Mys- 
terv are others with chances, 
but Enbarr looks well worth a 
sporting nap. 

In the Alycidon slakes Cecil 
runs Queen's Soldier, a colt 
with obvious improvement, 
but so far this season only a 
winner in minor races at 
Beverley and Warwick. The 
obvious choice at the weights 
here is Nisnas, Paul Cole's 
high-class three-year-old, who 
finished only three lengths 
behind Shahrastani when fifth 
in the Epsom Derby. 

When subsequently beaten 
just over two lengths when 
third to Bonhomie in the King 
Edward IV Slakes at Royal 

Ascot, Nisnas would have 
taken a hand in the finish but 
for being repeatedly denied a 
dear run in the last two 

Other dangers to Nisnas in 
what promises to be a fascinat- 
ing affair are Armada and 
Wassl Touch. Armada, from 
the in-form stable of Guy 
Harwood, is undefeated since 
easily winning the Wood 
Ditton Stakes at the Craven 
meeting. But today he does 
not Took capable of 
conceeding 51bs to Nisnas. 

The same applies to Wassl 
Touch, Sheikh Ahmed A1 
Makioum's $5.1 million 
Keeneland purchase as a year- 
ling. An impressive winner on 

Dream Launch looks reason- 
ably treated with 8 st 131b after 
her comfortable victory in a 
similar event at York- How- 
ever, Chasing Moonbeams 
also showed herself to be an 

By Michael Seely 

improving filly when beating 
Regency rille in good style at 
Newmarket earlier this month 
and is taken to defy top 

The best bet at 
Newmarket's night meeting 
should be Orban. Or ban, third 
to Lastcomer in a handicap at 
the July meeting, appears to 
have the measure of his 
opponents in the Piper Cham- 
pagne Slakes. Pax Eddery 
looks likely to have a winning 
mount in the Maloney and 
Rhodes Handicap aboard 
Chummy's Pet The gelding 
was just caught dose home in 
a competive handicap last 
Friday at Ascot, by Cree Bay. 

The last race on the card, 
the Beacon Maiden Stakes 
contains some well-bred new- 
comers. John Dunlop's 
representive. Arabian Sheik, a 
Nijinsky colt is held in high 
esteem by his trainer. And he 
can open his account with 
the main danger looking to be 
the Lester Piggott-trained Bin 

At Thirsk I like the chances 
of Five Sixes in the Lewis 
Geipd Memorial Challenge 
Cup and Mark Prescon's 
improving three-year-old In 
Dreams in the John Bell 
Memorial Stakes. Five Sixes, 
trained by the astute Nigel 
Tinkler, ran wide on the bend 
when third at Warwick and 
with only 8 J to cany looks 
poised to make it three wins in 
four starts in the two-year-old 

Jockeys 9 jest 

The Goodwood stewards held 
an inquiry into an alleged in- 
cident in Tuesday's Steward's 
Cnp in which Walter S win burn, 
the rider of Padre Pin, had been 
seen by viewers striking Willie 
Carson the jockey on Bertie 
Wooster, with his whip. 

Alter inspecting the BBC 
recording of the race, the 
authorities accepted the jockey’s 
explanation that tine actions bad 
been done in jest. S win burn and 
Carson left the weighing-room 
after the inquiry with their arms 
round each other's shoulders. 

this track as a two-year-old, 
Wassl Touch showed signs of 
returning to his best when 
accounting for Leading Star at 
Newbury last month. Dick 
Hern is pleased with the way 
in which the Northern Dancer 
colt has been progressing and 
Wassl Touch looks sure to run 
a good race. 

The programme opens with 
the alwaysrcompetitive Ralph 
Hubbard Memorial Nursery. 

Longboat is now on target for 
the Doncaster Cap after giving 
Dick Hern, and Willie Carson 
their second triumphs in 
yesterday's Goodwood Cop. 
Dick Hollingsworth's resolute 
galloper will be attempting to 
follow in the footsteps of Le 
Moss, the last horse to complete 
tbe treble of tbe three major cap 
races in 1980. 

The odds of 3-1 on that 
pouters had to lay on Longboat 
suggested that there was little 
ifanpr to the eventual winner 
after Valuable Witness had been 
withdrawn. And so it proved. 
Carson started to rase the 
tempo seven fnrioags from home 
and Longboat forged steadily 
ahead to beat Spkey Story by 
ten lengths with Fetrizzo a 
further eight lengths away In 
third {dace. Jeremy Tree, Valu- 
able Witness's trainer was later 
fined £150 for withdrawing last 
year's winner. 

In direct contrast to the 
Goodwood Cnp tbe five furlong 
King George Stakes turned out 
to be a real thriller. After Dublin 
Lad bad helped to cut out the 
early running, the race devel- 
oped into a dnef between Pat 
Eddery on Doable Schwartz and 
Steve Cautben on Gwydlon. 
After a tremendous battle in the 
last fhrlong, the camera showed 
that Double Schwartz had pre- 
vailed by a short head. 

Great credit is due to Charlie 
Nelson for the improvement that 
he has wrought in Robert 
Songster's four-year-old, whose 
only defeat in four outings this 
season occurred when beaten a 
whisker by Last Tycoon in 
Royal Ascot's King's Stand 
Stake. “There were a lot of 
niggly Kttie things wrong with 
the hone last year," said tbe 
trainer, “and like all Doable 
Form's he appears to hare 
improved with age.” Like 
yesterday's gallant winner, 
Gwydlon, the equally brave ruu- 

\ w _* 

Yesterday's Goodwood winners, Hawmal left, and Don't Forget Me (Photographer Tom Bishop), 
ner-np wffl now take on Green trouble with his breathing in tbe Rtatehnaker International at 

Desert and Last Tycoon in the 
William Hill Sprint Champion- 
ship at York. Last Tycoon will 
be the moult of Cash Asmussen, 
who rode work for Michael 
Dickinson at Man ton yesterday 

Hern and Carson hare started 
the afternoon on ■ high note by 
winning the DarnJey Stake with 
HauwmaL Sheikh Mohammed's 

three-year-old proved ideally 
suited by tbe mile and a half and 
drew dear in the last fhrlong to 
win by three lengths. 

After Dalgadiyr had finished 
runner-up, Michael Stoute said 
that the tests had revealed 
nothing wrong with 
Shahrastani. “The colt had 


317 2-3122 FRST UBS (USAJ (BF) (M Doyle Rotian) M Stoute 7-12 _ Pad! Eddery 11 
319 fi-133 TMVELMYSlBtY(wsM Madden) PWvwyn 7-7 AHacKay4 

Televised: Z30, 3.0, X30, 4-10 

7-2 Colonial Storm, 8-2 Navarzato. 6-1 NUmbor. 8-1 Enbarr, Santola Mae, 
ID-1 RretW*. Sweat Mover, 12-1 Final Tty. 14-1 CMnotterie. 16-1 others. 

Results from 

I, high numbers best 


fillies: £9.318: 5f) (10 runners) 

0121 DHEAM LAUNCH nKA)(D) (R Trussel Jr) B Mart 
113 SUMMER Site {DMBF)(DR[>irtifKl)P Cole 812 _ 

2140 DANCMG DMNA(D)(G Bosky) R Hannan B-6 

106 014 GARNET (D> (A Rbkw)R Boss 7-13 W Canon 10 

107 00130 BASTHUA (D) (M Peters) D ArtMitimcM 7-12 NAduuO 

109 10200 JAtSALMEH (D) (Lady Scott} O Bswortti 7-9 AMcGlana2 

110 010 SPAWSM SKY (D) (Avon industrtas) N Vigors 7-9 S Dawson 1 

111 2140 CLMtENTM (D)|MrsN Kara) NUUw 7-7 TWUbunsS 

115 01 ARTFUL UNO (D}(Gtenwrtgra BkxxMock) R Stubbs 7-7 AModkayS 

7-4 Ctusmg Moonbeams, 2-1 Drum Launch, 9-2 Summer Sky. 8-1 daranOa. 
8-1 Garnet 10-1 others. 

9-7 _ Pat Eddery 4 

1 G Baxter 6 

T Orion 7 

Going: good to Arm 

4.10 ALYCIDON STAKES (£15,738: 1m 4f) ( 8 ) 

I (D}(Gtenwrtgnt BkxxMock] R Stubbs 7-7. 

402 40/2243 WYLFA (Lord MOStytl) J Shaw 5-812 B Roma 5 

403 120-1DQ BSJMLE STAR (D) [A Sotoraons) G Harwood 3-80 A Clark 4 

Broken Record 

(Lorcf Darby] 9-0 W R SWfobum £25-1) 3 
ALSORAN:3tav Magic SMpar (5th). 11-2 
Mighty Rash. 6 Wassl Reef. 10 Musical 
Youth, 14 Temple Waft (6th), 10 North 

FORM: CHASING MOOWEAMS (8-4)27,1 Newmarket wrinnarlroni Regency Fte (8-1 ') 
(54. £7544, good, July 8. 6 rani. DREAM LAUNCH P-7) 1'Al York mmer from Amite 
Noonan (£6) (51. 4052. goodm Ihrtn, July 12, 13ran), with BASTILUA (81 3) another 3VH 
back m 5th. GARNET ust of 4 at Sandown on latest start Previously (8-11) beat 
Masurkanova (8-1 1) 41 at Edinburgh (5t. £547, firm. Juno 30. 6 ran). JAISAUIB1 tailed 
oh last tarn (60- Earner (8-11) 31 Sid to Naturally Fresh (9-1) at Newmarket (51, £3210. 
good to hrm. May 30. 9 rant with DREAM LAUNCH (8-8). making debut, 3*1 further 
away 6tn. CIARENTIA 7th last time (61): previously (9-2) hampered when 61 4th u 
Derong Dee (8-8) at Windsor (51. E167B, good to Hrm. May 12, 12 ran), whh BASTILUA 
(8-8) was 21 back m 5th. 

Selection: JA1SALMER 

408 412-110 AL SAUTE (D) (Hamden At Mricttun)J Dirtop 3-8-5 Pal Eddery 3 

407 111 ARMADA (K AbduM) G Hawed 385 G Stake? 7 

409 1-01 WASSL TOUCH(CHShe*h Ahmed Al Maktoum) W Hem 3-8-5 W Canon 6 

411 3-13103 mkmar ( n)rP3»nn Rrom»*i P rm« tcwi— a 

412 31-3000 NORFOLK SONATA (K Bethel) R Boss 342 PCwkl 

413 131-11 QUESTS SOUJCR (USA) (D) (Shaikh Mohammed) H Cad 3-8-2 . W Ryan 2 

411 3-13103 MSNAS(D)(Fahd 

412 31-3060 NORFOLK SONAT 

£480- DF: £15J0. CSF: £32-75. Trtcast I 
£60420. 2mm 38-72 sec. 

134 Armada. 52 Nonas, 11-2 Wytta. 7-1 Oueen a Sofcfler. 8-1 Al Saite. 
10-1 Wassl Touch. 18-1 other*. 

FORM; WYLFA (8-3) 1KI 3rd to Conquering Hero ffl-8) Id Kerraiton(1m2fUMBd. £9724, 
good to firm. June 25, 7 rant. AL SAUTE (9-3) SKI 6th of 13 in tha French Derby at 
Cnant»y(1m4( Group 1, £135784. firm. June 8L ARMADA (9-5) be« Top Guest (9-1)at 
Haydockflm Z5f,HiaS2. Dim. July 4,4 ran). WASSL TOUCH HtabeM Leading St* (9- 
7) 11 at Newbury (1m 21. £6587. good to firm. July 19. 6 rah). MS NAS (86) did not got a 
dear run when 3rd to Bonhontie (8-8) at Royal Ascot, with BELDALE STAR (B-8) behind 

Goodwood selections 

By Mandarin 

2J0 Chasing Moonbeams. 3.0 Reignbeau. 3.30 ENBARB (nap). 
4.10 Nisnas. 4.40 Wayak. 5.10 Bali Magic. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.30 30 Garnet, 3.0 Telwaah. 3 JO Celcstuous Storm. 4.10 Queen’s 
Soldier. 4.40 Luzum. S.10 Hendeka. 

By Michael Seely 

2.30 Chasing Moonbeams. 3.30 ENBARR (nap). 

gear run when 3rd to Btxdwm t eg 
llm 41 Gimp 2. £3951 9. firm. June 
(50) m The Derby. OUEENtS SOU 
jlm ZM^EarSar (8-5) beat Range I 


UlSilSSiiHS sfoSMsag&r m ~t 

1 17, 13 ran). Eerier MSNAS (9-0)31 5th to Shahrastani 
DCR (8-12) beat Heflo Email (9- 1) a nec k at Warwick 
Rover (9-7) 21 at Beverley (1m 41, £3779, good to Arm, 

4.40 CHICHESTER CITY MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-O: £4,753: 71) (19) 

3.0 HOFME1STER HANDICAP (£5,072: 70 (12) 


203 303-130 DIGGERS RE? 

204 002243 MLTONBROWi 

205 010202 TELWAAH (B)TO (Harridan Al MaMoum) A Stewart 4-9-2 M Roberts 1 

209 013-100 KING OF SPADES (Avon Industries Lid) N Vigors 3-88 P Coo* 12 

)F SPADES (Avon Industries Ltd) N Vigors 3-8-1 
210 311203 REIGNBEAU (Mrs B Clarke) G Lews 3-87 

212 34-1220 MERDON MELODY USntfhlRSheatar 38-6 

213 0-00003 STEADY EDDIE (C-O) (N Stbery) P Mrtchefl 4-8-5 — 

217 300000 FUStUER (M Rtowrts) C Bntam 4-7-13 

218 000040 HELLO SUNSHINE (D) (Mrs L Burtan) L Holt 7-7-12- 

219 023320 FORMATUNERfl (A Sofronou) O ATOuthnot 4-7-10 

221 0204)40 APfflL FOOL (B) (E RoMWV) L G01B41 4-7-7 

-. P Waldron 0 
_ R Coctnane 4 
_ Pat EddaryS 

w Carson f 

_ NAdmaiO 
_ TWUan 11 
— NCa«ftaie3 

340 GOODWOOD CUP (Group Ifl: 
£22450: On 51) 

LONGBOAT b h by Wrish Pageant 
Pirogue (R HoNngswonh) 5-57 N 

Pirogue (R HoNngswonh) 

Carson (1-3 tav) 

Spicy Story b h by Bushing Groom 
Javamma (P MaBon) 5-8-3 S Cauthen 
H3-2) i 

Fetrizzo b h by Radatsky - Perianth (C : 
Btoh) 594) C Asmussen (10-1) 3 

ALSO RAN; 25 Tata Quale 

ALSO RAN; 25 Tata Quale (4th), 
Stavortaia (5th). 5 ran. NR: VatoaUe . 
WMness. 10L 8L 31. nk. W Hem at West 

ilstey. Tote wn : £1.30. Places: £1.20, 
£1.40. DF: E1JBQ. CSF: £2£5. 4m in 

11-10 Luzum. 3-1 Laena. 8-1 WOcri Louse, wayak. 8-1 MufioBande. 12-1 Battto 
Hastes. 18-1 others. 

5-2 Reignbeau. 4-1 Telwaah. 6-1 Digger's Rest, 8-1 Hflton Brawn. Steady Eddie. 
10-1 Maroon Mek»y. l-t-i Fustier. Kmg Of Spades. 20-t others. 

4.10 KMG CfORGE STAKES (Grou) HI: 

£17,928 50 

DOUBLE SCHWARTZ bh by Double Form 
- Casey s Pei (R Sangster) 5-9-5 Pat 
Eddery (6-4 fa v) 1 

Gwycfion bf by Raise A CUp - 
(S Nrachos) 3-8-10 S Cauthen 

Rom Ol The S«a ch 1 by The Minstrel - 
Qk Nell (M Fusttk) 3-8-4 C Aamussen 
(16-1) 3 

ALSO RAN: 6 Orient. 10 Dubfin Lad, 12 
Praica Saba 16 welsh Note. Po t y kr al h 
(4th), 20 Storm Warning (5th), 33 
Sundeed. 50 Ctantime (6 th), Wanton. 1O0 
Woodford, Green Dollar. 14 raa sh hd, 21, 
nk. II, Ml. C Nelson at Upper Lamboum. 
Tote win. E2.10. Places: £1.30. £1.71 
E480. DR £350. CSF: £10.13. 5a93secs 

5.10 EBF SELSEY MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-O: C & G: £4,388: 6 f) (10) 


3.30 EXTEL HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £20.712: 1m 2f) (13) 

01 G Huffar 9-7 

DG Harwood 9-5 

0a1 J Tree 9-3 

301 11112-0 

302 01-10 

303 2-20113 

308 021122 
311 0-2131 

314 2-02311 

315 22-1 

01 G Huffar 9-7 M War 10 

I) G Harwood 9-5 G Startroy 9 

0a1 J Tree 9-3 Pet Eddery 3 

0 Morataaa) H SheattMr 9-3 R Cochrane 1 

Waned Al Maktoum) J Dunlop 9-3 C 4 —an 7 
(D)|R Ducchossots) L Cumam 9-1 





















i' : :Vr,, : Tr1 

8-4 Hendeka. 9-4 GArerto. 4-1 Ubren Star. 8-1 Charmed Prince, 12-1 Bel Magic, 
18-1 others. 

440 DRAYTON HANDICAP (£4,885: 1m) 1 
COME ON THE BLUES b g by Slue : 
Cashmere • Floral GHt (Mrs C I 
Patoras) 7-90 C Asmussen p5-i) 1 

TMy Rara gr c by Affirmed - Hie Rarest 
(Sheikh Mohanned) 4-9-7 w R 
Swlnbum ft 2-1) 2 ! 

Feydan ch g by Doubte Form - Baby , 
Brew (Mrs H Seymour) 5-7-7 N Cartrie 
(33-D 3 

ALSO RAN: 11-4. tav Pietograph. 9^ Fair 
Country, 6 Aconttum (4th), 8 Every Effort, 

9 Gtxteen Boy. 11 Bold And BeautduL 12 
Bgundaburg (8th). Wroin Isle, 14 Joyful 
Dancer. 25 Transtesh [5th). 33 Portopon, 
West Carracfc. 15 raa isy. n&L 1KL hd. 
2VjU C Bmtam at Newmarket Tate win: 
£202a Places: £4.00. £3.40, £10.00. DF: 
£137.70. CSF: £280.25. Tricast: 
£8^34.75. 1mto40.44sec. 


Going: good to firm 

Draw: iff-fif high numbers best, 7f and above 
low numbers best 

im 4f)(8 runners) 

£2.561: 2m) (4) 

2 3101 COUUQE (C-O) R Johnson Houghton 9-ID (3ax) ^ 

3 2321 SPARTAN VALLEY (USA) BW KKs 9-4 (3eri MMh2 

5 -211 M DREAMS ID) M PlKCrtl 8-13 GDoHMd3 

10 0333 WATBKMLE (USA) M W Easurby 8-0 JLawel 

13-8 In Dreanus 7-4 Coinage. 100-30 Spartan Valey, 
10-1 Witerdala. 

Doncaster - Wednesday 

Going: good is firm 
2. ArGomn 

(7-4 lav). 8 
IV, L Mss I 
£2.40, £1.1 ( 

. DMdw0i3 
R Brown (7)4 

— M Wood 5 
S Wood (7)6 
. — J Lowe 8 
. GOuffi«fo2 
M Fry 1 

- KDarioy 7 

3.45 SESSAY AUCTION STAKES (2-Y-O: £2^480: 

I 121 PEN BAL IM7 (D) G PTtKhart&Qonlon S-2 

11-4 Pmk Sensation, 3-1 Musical Wil, 7-2 Mr Coffey, 
7-1 Starwood. 8-1 RamUe. 10-1 Fra Lord. 16-1 others. 

2 1 URRAY ON HARRY R HQOnshead 8-l3~ S Paris 2 

6 10 BOTHY BALLAD P Catver 8-5 MFiy 5 

12 0 GRECIAN JOS F Car 6-2 SMorrfaf 

18 3030 WHISTLING WONDER (0) M Bream 7-13 — K Dailey 3 
20 030 D0HTY BABY U W Easfittjr 7-10 JLDwaE 

Thirsk selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Pink Sensation. 2.45 Five Sixes. 3.15 In 
Dreams. 3.45 Pen Bal Lady. 4.15 Stilly's Choice. 
4.45 Wessex. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

2. 15 Patriotic. 3.15 In Dreams. 3.45 Pen Bal 
Ladv. 4. 1 5 African Rex. 4.45 Smack. 

5-2 Pen Bal Lady. 4-1 Wtasthw WoixHr. Bothy Bated, 
9-2 Umy On Hany. 8-1 Oohty Baby. 10-1 Grecian Jos. 

4.15 THOMAS LORD HANDICAP (££544: 5f) (10) 


CUP (2-Y-O: £1389: 51) (13) 


1 143 ECHOING (D)JW Watts 9-7 N CtWMrion 6 

3 324 GREY TAN (BO TD Bflrron W JReidl 

4 0103 BRUTUS |D) JSVWsonM GDuflMd4 

5 400 KACERE P CaWr 9-1 

6 0301 JOESUGDEN (D)RWIKaker9-l (7ex) K Bradtonw 6 

6 4002 SXY CAT CaptJWrtson 8-12 NONRUNNHIG 

10 2101 CLOWN STREAKER |D)MH Eastartjy 8-11 . MBM)5 

11 4010 BMMERGREENJ Berry 8-10 ... MHB&12 

14 DUO PENBREA5Y R Hdnstlffld 8-7 SPofolS 

16 0210 PASMHNA (D) T FaaTurst 84— — J CUagtan (7) 13 

is i4oo Buwdtota moth (BXG-O) m j Camacho ^ 


19 4312 BAD PAYER (WBFI M WEASWt* — KDarfoy7 

SO 2113 FIVE SUES TON TmMar 8-1 — — J FWaywo 11 



7 1010 
B 2000 

10 0231 

11 340Q 

14 000- 

15 0404 

94 Iberian Start 3-T Sutfy's Choice. 5-1 China Gold. 
13-2 African Rex. 8-1 Pergoda. 10-1 Bay Bazaar. 12-1 God s 
late. 16-1 othars. 

7.45 (im 4f) 1. Toscana (Kety Marks. 6- 
1): Z Arges (13-2); 3, Taxtatte 110-1). 
Count GoJours S-1 few. 13 ran. 1L 71. D 
Marks. Tote: £5.70: El JO. £2.70. £450. 
OF: E13J0. CSF: £441.77. Tricast 

, 8-15(71) 1. Counter Attack (W Carson, 
5-2): 2. Ecrtvni (7-2); 3, Sip Dancer (8-1). 
Try My Brandy 9-4 tav. lOran. KL II. Tata: 
£3.30: £1.00. £2JU. £240. DF: £S.4a 

CSF: 21 2.78. Alter a stewards' inquiry the 
result BtoOd. 

a £4.032: fit) 

PAS ifENCHERE chcbyPasdeSeul- 
Ktowraye (S Gnnstsad) 943 P Waldron 
( 12 - 1 ) 1 

Wise Times b l by Young Generation - 

iCCyzaO 8-4 MWfgham (18-1) 2 

Pra e ct te ch c by On Your Mark - Free 
Course (T Etts) 7-12 TWifems (11-2) 3 

11-3 Domino^nrel , ^^Xuhon 1 ^ff ,1 3 
PensurchnfSth), Vaigly fitezed. 0 ran. 1 UL 
■Nl. ttL 51. 6L G Lewis at Epsom. Tore war 
£25.80. Places: £3.60. £4.70. £1.10. OF: 
£106.70. CSF: £144.68. Imin 13 JSsec. 
Jackpot: not wan. He ca pot B B SS. 

Course specialists 

B.45 (fm 61 127yd) 1. White Reef M 
mm. 8-13 fav); £ Parson's Chid (6-1): 
htobotane (7-2). 8 ran. 2KL 10L Tote: 

M Birdi 8 
N Day 10 

Griffiths 5 
A Prood 6 

vnpwvwiiw ii W V miL iwi IUIG< 

£1.60. El.lft £1.70. £1.40. OR £350. 
CSF: £5.40. 

Ptaeepot £5*05 to a sop stake 

2 m) ( 8 ) 

1 3134 WESSEX (B) N Tinkler *-9-10^—, „ 1QnTMd«r6 

4 0000 KEY ROYAmUSA) G Cakert 5-B-10__ H Rodgers 4 
7 0003 WALTER THE GREAT (B) M H Easerby 4-84 

• Rushmoor provided an all- 
English triumph yesterday in 
the biggest summer hurdle run 
in Ireland this country, the 
(R£20,000-added Guinness Gal- 
way Hurdle. Bred by her Maj- 
esty the Queen, trained at 
Tarporley in Cheshire by Ray- 
mond Peacock. 

^ M20 aUCTH a^6-1 .. . ^ 

12 0001 DUKE OF DOLUS W Storey 7-M2ZI1--. J Ookai 2 

14 4403 ALF1E DK9QNS O) R Heinsliead 8-7-10 PHB3. 

15 -000 BAISABi mON CWJ W*son 4-7-7. Jan* Codam (7) t 
11-8 wnasax. 4-1 Duke Of DoBs. 9-2 Affle Dckans. 

11-2 Bustofl. 8-1 Smack. 10-1 Key Royal 12-1 others. 


4.1 Joe Suoden. 9-2 Echoing, S-1 Owm Sjreekar. 
6-1 Brotus, S-I&wiwr Green. Fwe SUcas. 10-1 Grey Tan. 
n-i PMhmma. i4-i other*. 

Blinkered first time 


TRJUNBIS: H CeoL 27 wmnara from 90 
runners, 30JHS; L CUmam, 15 from 53, 
28^i; G Harwood. 58 from 214, 24*%. 
JOCKEYS: G Starkey, 40 wimere from 
198 rides. 202%: Pat Eddery, 49 from 
262, 18.7%; W Canon. 43 from 254. 


TRADERS: H Cecfl, 90 wfnnen from 341 
runners. 28.4V M Stoute, 55 from 338, 
163V G Harwood. 50 from 3S8. 142% 
JOCKEYS: S Whaworth, 8 wmnais from 
52 ndas. 15.4% s Cauthen. 77 tram 531, 
14£V w R Surinbum. 50 from 385. 


THMNBRSc R Johnson Houghton. B 
winners from 17 runnara. 352V J Watts. 

1 1 from 58, 19DV T Barron. 15 from 97. 

JOCKEYS: N Oormorton. 10 whnani from 
79 ndes. 127%: M Fry. B from 74. 102V 
M Birch, 22 from 206. 10.7% I 

GOODWOOD-. 440 Uman. 

THRSK: 215 Musical WIL 245 Marching 
Moth. 4.15 African Rex 445 Waller The 

NEWMARKET: 8.10 PatchouTs Pet. 
EDINBURGH: 6.45 Prineess Prihwn. 


TRAINERS: G Hutfor. 5 winners from 13 
runners. 3L5V M Prescott 21 from 78, 
2?£fcNCaSaghan. 8 from 34.225% 
JOCKEYS: G Outfield, 34 winners from 
159 rides. 214V N ConnortQn, IQ from 
109, 1E5V K Dartoy. 1 Strom 123, 122% 

trouble with his brealiuxtg in tbe 
race coarse stnMes afterwards," 
said the trainer, “both the 
course vet and Jimmy Scott, my 
travelling head lad, were wor- 
ried. They said that for about 20 
mfnvtes be was inhaling noisely 
and hkenping, just as though he 
had an obstruction in his throat. 
There most have been some- 
thing wrong, as be ran so far 
below his best form." 

Matchmaker International at 
York before the Arc." 

Hern and Carson then had a 
setback when Round let, who was 
confidently expected to give the 
stable the middle leg of a treble 
in the Lanson .Citssnpagne 
Stakes proved a bitter dis- 
appointment. The Queen's 
impressive Newbury winner 
dropped oat quickly a furlong 
and a half from home and 

UC1U1T u» uw uniuv ■ — ” _ — 

Stoute continued by saying finished *st behind Don’t For- 
that no derisioa wonM be taken *** Me - 

abont ShahrastanTS next race Pat Eddery, having his first 
for a fortnight. “Well see how success of the meeting, had to 
he is and then talk to the Aga ride his hardest before the 

Khan and the syndicate mem- winner resfeted the prolonged 
hers. Shardari has come out of attack of Cauthen on Midyan to 

the King George really well and 
I hope to ran him next in the 

win by three-quarters of a 
length. This victory broke the 


Going: good 
Draw: no advantage 

£8.102 1m 4f) 

HAUWMAL die by Troy -Sovereign Rose 
(Sheikh Mohammed) 8-8 W Corson 
(11-2) 1 

Drigadbr ch c by Nbhapour - pjebeUna 
(HHAga Khan) B2P Robinson (8-1) 2 

OM D o mredy Book b f by Ifigh Top - 

£1^95: 1m) (14 runners) 

2 0400 SOHO SAM WMutsan 9-7 M Wfotusn 7 

4 0330 AUSSIE GIRL A Bailey 9-6 G Athmriou (7) 3 

8 £900 5 S SANTO M Tompnm 94 R Horae (5) 9 

7 0043 MGHEST NOTE GBUn 9-2 Mftmmarl 

8 0000 LA CHULA M McCormack 8-13 J Leach mil 

9 0001 GRANMNGUS (B) K hrtxy 8-12 W Wood* (3) 5 

10 -001 MAX CLOWN (D) W Wharton 8-10 AtUcfcayT4 

11 0400 AHCHmNC^5(B|R5haatfiarM — RCbcfomS 

12 0000 USAKATY M McCounB-9 R«forahant2 

14 -000 TWAS LAD M Chapman 8-8 — 4 

15 M0 PUPPYWALKER A Moore 8-7 RHHsZ 

17 000- SEA VENOM R Thompsons-? GKtog(5)1D 

18 0000 MORG1AN ROSE (8) K Ivory 6-7. 

19 000 TfflER GATE R Hownshead 8-4 

STAKES (Group Hfc 2-Y-O: £13^24: 

DONT FORGET RE b C by Ahonoora - 
African Doll (J Horgan) 8-11 Pm 
Edriafy(7-1) 1 

MMyan b c by MIsvroM • Country Dream 
(Prtocs A Faisal) B-1 IS Cauthen (2-1) 2 

19 000 TfflER GATE R Hoftertie 
3-1 Max Clown. 7-2 Grant 
6-1 Aussie Girl, B-1 Arch Princess. 
14-1 others. 

G King (5) 10 

— A Shouts (5)9 
. AWMiMmia 

Grandangus. 4-1 Htohest Note, 
mss. Soho Sam, 12-1 S S Santo. 

9 -000 WCXY WCXM Usher S8-11 AMcGIomS 

11 0000 CtIPSALL (D) JScaBan 4-8-9 ML Thornes 4 

14 4400 GAUHARTOMBtanshanlSM. R Cochrane 19 

15 0420 MR ROSE (D) R Huichreon 6-8-7- P HulchiMOn (3) 14 

16 Ml DEALT (B) J ToSer 5-86 MRObertsll 

17 004) BUHAAZ F Durr 98-4 G Fnwcft 12 

18 4004 KAMARESS M Bnlias) 4^-4 MWMiaml 

19 3304 OSTENTATIOUS CWMman 442 MHfflt15 

20 004) BHIGHT PATH C Drew 4-7-13 TWHams13 

21 -000 PERT BOTTOWMiissan 4-7-10 p Robinson 17 

22 0002 EUCHARS TO 4 Hfoe 4-7-10 WCersonlB 

ALSO RAN; 11-8 tav Raundtot (5th). 8 Mr 
Eels (4th). 5 raa %L2VM.hd, SLR Harman 
at Mariborough. Tow Win: £440- Places: 
n.SO, £1.40- DR S&50. CSF: £2003. 

Newmarket selections 

By Mandarin 

6.15 Highest Note. 6.45 Orban. 7.10 Chummy's 
Pet 7.40 Blue Brilliant 8.10 Flashdance. 8-35 
Arabian Sheik. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
6.15 Arch Princess. 6.45 Top Guest 7.10 
Chummy's Pet 7.40 Eucharis. 8.10 Flattery. 835 
Roman Gunner. 

Michael Seely's selection: 7.10 Chummy’s Pet 

23 0004 DEBACH REVENGE MTompkira 4-7-8... RMorae (5)8 
26 0000 BRAHKSOME TOWERS (D) taEcktty 8-7-7 A Mackey 2 
3-1 Eucfnris. 7-2 Mr Jay-Zee. 6-1 Blue BnfflanL Mr Rase, 
8-1 Kamaress, OstentatxMS, 10-1 Bon Accuea, Gauftar, 
12-1 others. 

6.45 PIPER CHAMPAGNE STAKES (3-Y-O: £5,095: 
1m 41) ( 8 ) 

H Ceci 95 SCMtienS 

Pat Eddery 1 
R Skapson 85 — S Wtatwortk 7 
W Neemes 2 

ev . . minuyiini - ft ^ 

16 -022 POKEYS PHBERSheattwr 85 RCocfrran4 

5-2 He De Roi. 7-2 Orban. Tm Guest 81 Pokeys Pride. 
181 Befioe. Mahatta Palace. 181 Gray Salute, 281 Cigar. 

2 13 ORBAN 

5 1222 TOP GUEST 
7 189 8EUCE 

10 -000 CIGAR 

11 3 GREY 

12 4-02 CEDE ROI HI 

18 00 SECRET FACT C Bensread 811 RCodmneO 

_ 9-4 Ftoahdance. 4-1 Royal Nugget 11-2 La Nureyeva, 81 
Ftattere. Oeofe. 181 Bag Lady, sSn And 54k. 281 Patcfxxd's 
Pet 33-1 Secret Fact 

12 4-02 LE DE HOI H Candy 
15 fflSHATTA PALACE J Dunlop 85 

£3,918: 7f) (14) 

2 0 ALPENH0RN Q Pritchard-Gordon 94L/ WR*m9 

(Salute, 281 



2 1000 HO IN CHMH TOO Brittain 48-8 W Canton 8 

3 1323 DARK PROMKE IpXBF) H HoOrahocd 3-8-12 S PertC* * 

4 tm OWWTA REEFfP) fljWvis 88ffl. Throe T 

5 2112 CHUMMY'S PET (CTO(BF) N Catoghan 3-8-8 

Pat Eddery 6 

7 -000 PUCCM TOR Armstrong 483 PTi*9 

8 1102 TARANGA (OXBF) M Tomtrtana 38-1 — R Monte 3 

9 0122 YOUNG JASON TOG Laws 388.™ NON-RUWEH11 

11 0004 BATON BOY M Brittain 5-7-1 1 PRobtaaonlO 

12 0000 DAVU. J Wkner 4-7-1 1 — AMcGtona5 

„ Shear. 4-1 Bin Shaddad. 81 AJpenhom. Bob 

JbraMjlW Roman Gunner. The Lfonrieart 181 Just A Picnic, 

14-1 otneib. 


Going: good 

Draw high numbers best up to 1m 

£928: 1m) (8 runners) 

1 081 SAND-OOLLAR M Prescott 9-2 

3 -000 ACCUMULATE M Bntsei 811 , 

4 0040 MASTER HUSK M Brittain 811 

8 0040 ALWAYS NATIVE (USA)(D) D Chapman 58-11 

S Webstar 4 

.3 ^ PMowMIBi 48-10 D Nichols 2 

10 400 SHOW OF HANDS (80) JW Watts 18810 

_____ N Connexion 5 

” JW0 aCKERMANfC-OlM Prescott 388 G Outfield 9 

H 522S M Britten 48-7 K Darky 10 

SH2 OF SANTO Panes Smith 87-13 L Chrenecfc 5 

20 0003 TMRTEBITH FRIDAY (B)W Pearce 4-7-10 ... JLmrel 

Hern-Henry Cecil stranglehold 
on the Champagne Stakes. 

**l’ve always thought this was 
a good horse," said Richard 
Hannon, the winning trainer, 
“he's done nothing wrong and 
despite running wide at 
Sandown he still beat Luzum 

He needs more time 
ami should make an even better 
three-year-old. I might give him 
one more race, but otherwise 
he'll wait until next season and 
be trained for the 2.000 

The biggest shock for praters 
came when Asmussen rode 
Come On The Bines to a 25-1 
victory over Truly Rare in the 
Drayton Stakes. 

•-dish h. ip 

13 083 BONNY LIGHT R Shaather 3-7-S HLTtann7 

14 3104 MARGAM TO P Watwyn 878 AMackiy2 

7-2 Young Jason. 4-1 Dark Promise, 81 Chummy’s Pat. 

81 Boraiy Light. Toranga, 181 Ho Mi CMnh. Qunta Reef, 
181 Margam, 181 oBwrs. 



1 008 AVK COEUROJSAJTO A Bafloy 4-10-0 — J Carr (7) 7 

2 3021 MR JAY-ZEE TO NCtoaghan 4-180 (6ax) 

Pal Eddery IB 

4 800 BON ACCUa.H Whang 388 GStmtaqr5 

5 800 GAMBLERS DREAM (B)U A Wlson 983 WNawma9 

6 008 QRAG0NARA BOV W Hastings-Bass 383 

R Linn (3) 10 

7 0021 BLUEBBtilANTTOTOB Ws382— BTtaMonB 
9 800 WCKYWCXMUNiw 58-11 A MeGiOM) 3 

8.10 TJ.CREDA STAKES (3-Y-O fifties: £3,489: 1m) 

5 -320 BAG LADY PWMwyn 811 Paul Eddery 3 

-7 3334 ClEOFEpiSAXBFJLCumani 811 PatEdde*y4 

10 3 FL ASHDAN CEG Harwood 811 GStarireyS 

11 302 RU DEBYG HDagg 811 SCmOmB 

12 438 LA NUREYEVA fUSAIJ DwjJdp 811 W Canon 1 

14 800 PATCHOULTS WT TO P KeSeway 811 .. P Rsfaktaon 2 

16 840 ROYAL NUQQET(USA](BF) M Stoute811 


17 2 S AT I N AND SILK A Bailey 811 PBoamMU9 

m tf 



AndSSk.281 Patchcxjfl's 

2 0 ALPBMtOni G Prttohard-GonJon 9-0-; W Ryan 9 

e JDimiop 80 W Canon 10 

J8TVB98 Throe 14 

9-0._ W R Swtotwm 13 

98 S Porta 12 

R Cochrane 3 
TQubfl 4 

10 FREEBnrS PREACHER CfflittaMi 98 GBaxtar5 





» UP THE LADDER A Batoy 98 

28 JUST A PICNIC G PrtahanFGonton 811 

_ . 3-1 OJ-Oy ston. 4-1 Stew Ot Hands, 81 Bckwman. 

81 Moninsky. 181 BamasSur, 181 Young 
Brass, 181 others. 

HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £1.101: 7f) (7) 

s M JS Smttti 87 LChameck 5 

l « ION T Fwrnurst 81 A Bond 7- 

I ™ Thom pson 87 RPBW13- 

11 WJYSUNtW SPORT N CaUaohan &?.7 g O rffieS 
« 21? gtfgHAVBlMBniiain M3— 

15 4431 PRINCESS SINGH N TMJer7-12 

8 034 ACTUALIZATIONS (USA) (8F1 L Currant 88 Rl 
10 800 FANNY ROBIN Denys Smttfl 88 LChamockl 

13 0000 PARXES SPECIAL J Parkas 88 SWetearS 

14 482 PERSIAN DELIGHT G HuHerB8 GCrotar(3)S 

15 080 STAR OF TARA R Ftstier 88 C Dwyer 3 

4-5 ftctuate a Bons. 7-2 Persian Defcjm. 4-1 Sand-DoUsr, 

Edinburgh selections 

By Mandarin 

6.15 Sand-DoUar. 6.45 Wolf J FlywheeL 7.15 
Monisky. 7.45 Danadan. 8.15 Banque Privee. 
8.45 Ballydurrow. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
6.15 Actualizations. 6.45 Princess Pelham. 7.15 

81 Sport 98 Mr Grumpy- . 

&-1 prmcess Singh. B-1 Shatpaven. 12-1 Lightning Laser. 

Bicfcerraan. 7.45 Lady Sunday Sport 8.15 Mi tala 
Maria. 8.45 While It Lasts. 

STAKES (2-Y-O: £806: 7f) (8) 

3 2310 KHD LADY R StUbM 81 


t £ K £K^S^i^^S2!L?' 11 =-- ,IBIrt wtaonP)o 

8 00(0 ONT>gMAHK (B)J KeMewai811 S Webstar 1 

8 0040 WOLF J R.YWHEEL C Tmkfar 811 LCtmdcG 

8 OMU WOLF J flTnHSL C TilMBT 811 LChmxfcG 

10 ARDAY WEDNESDAY Ron ThfimpSOn 88. RPEtiottS 

1 ? n«S P 5 rmSSrm?^.^?* M C C * lef I 3 } 2 

14 0332 LATE PROGRESS J Berry B8.~ j Cromil m 4 

17 00 PRINCESSI«JUN(B)ACaaaghM88-GDiri!Wd3 

5-2 Wort J RywheeL 78 Kind Lady, 4-1 PifoeeM PMwn 
81 Oolite Muffin. 81 Late Progress. 12-1 Just A Daeoyi 

(£929: 1m 4f) (9) 

9 nS; JLrnrel 

\ 0,00 2ffH^£“pntw'i*80 R Vtcfcere (7) 9 

\ SiKft27 H S J S* flER FWwr880 CDtrywS 

7 DNw«0i3 

in ^Sffi?P-P ha P n,an *»11 8 * *WI 

10 2030 IS BELLO (USA ) L Cumare 3-8-? 


16 4 MY WILLOW JfiCrgeraW 87-13 KDedeyZ 


IS Webster O < 


_ 1 ■ 

1 4021 BALLYDURROW (C*D) R Fisher 818I (4ax) 

3 0011 SBK» RAMOS (USAKBXq Ron Thompson 4-9-11 



2 0000 KAMPajOWRflnThBinOMn487 — RPENot!7 

3 WQ MWo^B 

4 0202 Q I OYBTON (8D) J Beny j Crorsl f71 3 

5 0031 MONMSKY TON $0005-813-11 Rkbaidam (?) « 

. v •- -« 
. \ 

_ C Dwyer 8 
S WebMr4 

. LCtremocfcO: 

S aSSn SSSSeSSLEMSi ? man Z* 1 KDartey 1 . 

1? am «S^2E^^P C 5 a P ,af,M ^ GDdfltHa 

il SSSSI!^* Days Snwn 6-7-13 LCtremocfcO 

M -000 GREENHU.’S G9IL (B) M Ryan 3>7>8_ G Carter (g 2 

n, ^ 4 Ltats. 7-2 Sanor ROBIOS, 

?8i 8-1 Appte Wkw ’ 12-1 Pon 'Yates, 181 toon. 

Doncaster results 

Going: straight eouraa: good, 
roumeouiw: good id firm 
2.15 (im) 1. ALECS DREAM 

Roberts. Evens fart z Uruau 
Cochrane. 7-1); 3. N eedle Sharp (J new. 
14-1). ALSO RAN: 9 Chance Remark. 12 
Doner. Hamper (4th). Balanced Realm. 14 
Peace Keeper. SniOng Bear (fltti). 20 Eau 
Coorantt/aS Diacowr Gold, Mr Adviser. 
Mtiboh, Norcool. 50 Bircrtgrove Lad. 
Denesmoor (fin). 17 ran. NFh ouchinata. 
4). m U 3L 31. A Stewart at Newmarket 
Tote: £180; £1.10, £1.70, E5.8Q. DF: 
£3.70. CSF: E10.19. lmln 4l.8<sea 


115 (51 140yd 
Conrarton, 8-i); 
terns. 181); £ 
axxtits. 9-4). ALSO.-,. 
tm. 82 Gods Soiutan 


OF: £1890. CSF: £6544. Imin 

tevtl .OtmWBion (S Perks. «»■ 

£ 1.40, £ j 70. DF: EloSoT'CSF- 
. rr- Jhcast £i3a8i. 3mm laTawc. 


2j 4S (fifl 1. SWALLOW BAY (D WSaim, 
rl): 2. GM Sat Ua (M Birch. 82); 3, 

Decree (fiSiL ii 

yaaahom ff Ouinn.9-2). ALSO RAN: 4 tav 
Oueen Matilda, 7 Pertain «th). 8 Harr 
Coming. 10 Seaton Qrt, 14 Ring Back. .„ 
Palace Ruler (&M. Rom Of Tudor. 20 
Rome s Glory m. 33 Sweet RtoOL 12 
ran. The MaguB. hd. nk. il 2KL hd. □ 

«n. »i, 4|. » I. 11 1 Vil f- nTi.TT' JT 
NewnariroL Tore; £i<L20; oSclk. 

Ii, *C 31. hd. P cole M 
Tote; SWO: £1.10, tt.M, 
£1.80. DF; £2830. CSF: £4850. 

• t» 



Giants must wait 
for boxing glory 

• Disappointment 
for Kilpin 


Games’ task force 
in the pipeline 

Flooded greens 
hold up bowlers 


England and Canada 
are kept in check 
by outsider nations 

By SrfkmnarSen Boxing (^Trespoadent 


at lleiTi i! 

to tier 

^ ATItr «•- 

i KV’ 

Ifthe late surge in 
the semi-finals by 
Scotland, . Aus- 
tralia, Northern 
Ireland, New 
Zealand . and 
IwazOand foils to deflect En- 
and and Canada, the two 
iominant countries, * from 
eir goal of sharing the 11 
Id medals in the finals 
Itoday, the -organizers of the 
iGames can' be thankful that 
jthe outsiders have at least 
been successful in keeping the 
meaning of the Common- 
wealth Games alive to the end. 

It sboukl be an exciting 
evening as the five countries 

land Canada having their way 
lin the 11 bouts. The conclu- 
sive victories of Janies Peau, 
of New Zealand, and Douglas 
Young, of Scotland, over 
^Dominic D’Amico, of Can- 
%ada, and Eric Canloozo, of 
• ‘^ ^ c England, at heavyweight will 
'*•* tgreatly encourage the two 
Mother Scots and three Aus- 
7' trail an s. 

' \-j . Expand have come under 

'serious threat at five weights: 
: ***%Fkoni the Scots, James 
. . , [McAllister at welterweight 
/ ^^and Harry Lawson at light 
"i n , ' heavyweight, Jeff Harding, the 
j .... .^Australian middleweight and 
' from the two Canadians, Scott 
■■ ■■■ Olson and Bill Downey at 
''■^.'flyweight _ and 

* ■ • l'.yi% ■ featherweight.McAllister 


: M. fe- . 

takes on Darren Dyer, 
England’s knock-out special- 
ist The Scot must feel be is in 
with a chance after Dyer’s 
failure to stop Damien Denny, 
of Northern Ireland, in the 
semi-final The only way to 
last the three rounds against 
Dyer is either to stay out of 
range of his twofranded 
swings . or fight dose in. 
-McAllister, who is- a fighter, 
will most probably opt for the 
latter ahemative but there is a 
danger of his being caught on 

the way in. 

Neither Harry Lawson, nor 
his opponent at light heavy- 
^ . , weight, James Moran are box- 

npt to prevent England m ofany class, though Moran 
Canada having their wayi the edge in ability. Much 
could depend on who lands 
the first solid blow if Lawson, 
with the crowd behind him, 
could stay on his feet, he may 
take the gold. 

Rod Douglas, at middle- 
weight, will have a bard job 
trying to keep Harding from 
hitting him on the «^in. Like 
so many knock-out experts, 
Douglas does not take kindly 
to being hit on the chin. The 
Australian can not only box, 
but he can also give and take a 
punch. He has a nice left hook 
and if catches Douglas with it, 
it could be the signal for a real 

In the two bouts between 
Canada and England, Mark 

Epton’s height should prove a 
decisive advantage against the 
diminutive Olson, whose 
headgnard is almost as Kg as 

Peter ■ English shoulcMftnd 
Downey a little too sldUful 
and dever for him. 

The contests should not 
lack in action. Olson is a little 
terror, ready to weigh into 
anyone regardless of size and 
be is a good boxer as well as be 
showed against Johnson 
Todd, of Northern Ireland in 
the semi-finals. One Irishman 
was moved to say: “The 
Leprechaun is on the wrong 
side”. The same applies to 
English's bout. He likes to be 
aggressive and the stylish 
Downey will have his hands 

For the rest of the English 
and Canadian contests the two 
countries should have little 
trouble in lifting gold, though 
John Lyon will find Leonard 
Makhanya, the Swaziland fly- 
weight, chanrittg his arm after 
his 21-second knock-out of 
Kenny Webber, of Wales. 

Howard Grant and Asif 
Dar, of Canada, two of the 
finest boxers in the com- 
petition should coast through. 
At heavyweight Peau and 
Young are certain to bring the 
house down. Hie New Zea- 
lander has the heavier punch, 
but Young win have die crowd 
behind him- 

English hopes diminish 

B tvomo i 

•i it* 

I M4 S* CM*:* 

f> fi* 

I Nigel Tier and 
I Gillian Gowers. 



■England’s gol< 
medal favourites, 
went out in what 
was officially a 
major surprise hi 
e quarter-final stage of the 
mixed doubles yesterday, but 
. there was all along a feeling of 
i predictability about their 15-7, 

- 17-15 defeat bythe Australians 
' Mike Scandolera and Audrey 

1 Scandolera and Tuckey were 
always going to be the more 
1 mobile partnership. Scandolera 
-also produced a number of 
; dramatic cross-court drive&and 
.flying clipped smashes to end 
some soft-pushing rallies. 

. Furthermore, die Australians 

By Richard Eaton 

had already tasted imp o rtant 
success in the team event when 
they denied Scotland die 
bronze, and dearly Eked the 
flavour of it. 

Their enterprise was exem- 
ptaiy. Scandolera even managed 
one or two returns from difficult 
positions with the racket behind 
bis back and Tuckey supported 
him unexpectedly well at the 
net The only doubt was whether 
or not they could finish it of£ 
Nine march points were needed, 
and the English fought doggedly 
enough — without ever being at 
their best -r to make one red 
that another point or two in the 
Second garitt might have tilted 
the wbofc thing. 

Both Tier and Gowers were 

and it sometimes showed. Gow- 
ers had tendon trouble and die 
side of her keg taped-up, and 
Tier was still in rather plodding 
mood after his bout of fru 
earlier in the week. Thus 
England’s only medallists at the 
world championships last year 
made their mIhuh wh 

England's chances of mid In 
this event were later further 
reduced when Richared 
Outterside and Gill Clark, the 
third seeds, went out in three 
games to the Qmadians Ken 
Poole and Linda Cloutier. That 
defeat put to an end Clark's 
chances of becoming the rally 
. player in the championships to 
win a maximum four medals. 

Patch work: Greg Yebmch, of New Zealand, gives a smile or 
two after winning the gold medal in the pistol shooting event 
at the Mnssdbnrgh range on Wednesday 

Cooper picks off his 
tenth Games medal 

Stan Golinski, of 
Australia, cap- 
tured the gold 
medBl in the full 
bore individual 
_____ event at Barry 

His consistency in difficult wind 
conditions saw him to the top of 
the field, though be was forced 
into a shoot-off with Alain 
Marion, of Canada, Ittook eight 
shots apiece to separate the pair, 

Golinskfs maximum proving 
too good for the Canadian. 

GolinsJd ami Marion scored a 
Games record local of 396 out of 

The tenseness- of the final 
stages was further illustrated by 
another shoot-off— this time fra* 
the bronze. John Bloomfield, of 
England, the oventight leader, 

recovered from a disappointing 
final two stages to push Jim 
Corbett, of Australia, out of a 
medal place. 

In the small bore rifle three- 
position title, Malcolm Cooper 
won the gold medal to take his 
total of Games shootim medals 
to 10. Alister Allan, of Scotland, 
led after the prone section but 
Cooper went four points ahead 
, in the standing, the penultimate 

Cooper, from Hayling Island, 
won with a Games record of 
1,170 points, only five short of 
the world record. Talcing part in 
only four events, he finished the 
Games, with two gold .and two 
•bronze, to go with the two gold,, 
three silver and one bronze he 
won in Brisbane. 


IM / AJv*" 

y : 

S y— ^ ; - 


M * UWW - * 

* dfrvi-* 

g.**W*-M • ' ■ 

Tw* *■■■■ * * 

M *•* K4 

I ‘sssr-*' 

I (IM* 



Sr»» * * 

' | - Ik • * 

M#’ * * ■ 


Fibbens to 

■ Madrid 

Great Britain yesterday an- 
‘ nounced their team for the 
world swimming champion- 
c'ui- ships in Madrid from August 13 
to 23. A notable absentee is Miss 
Nicky Fibbens, the Beckenham 
.freestyle swimmer, who has 
derided to retire following her 
•■success in the Edinburgh 

- Commonwealth Games in 
which she won silver and 
wonze, pi us a team-medley gold 

The Scottish swimmer, Jean 
Hill, winner of silver medals in 
*he 200 metres medley and 200 
■netres breaststroke, also misses. 
-si he championships dne to other 
- 1 ommitments. Great Britain 
vid he sending a team of 24 to 
. ..' Madrid, comprising fourteen 
nen and ten women 

- ’ umpetiiors. 

-HAM; Ma« S0n « W t fit e M Foster 

MWakfl. A Jameson (Cm o fUt 

•SOOm taateyte ; T. Day (City at 
-00m baduboln: N Hvper 
MnfbeM (Salford). 200m ba 

Unfield. N Cochrane. lOOmlwealfoknA 

toorhouse {Ctty of Leeds), N GMngtam 
Oty Of Bmntncpiani). 100n bWMyn: A 
amra. R Lee (City of Caniiff). 200m 
: imsMw N Cochran ' 

Joyd {South TyneaWel. 

Uoyd. J Devey (SaKot 
tanka: A Moornouse, N 

,«ttei fly: A Jameson. N 

Vasps). mm buttaibF N 
taultar (W^an Wasps). 
m«h: SAwte. Q BrnfieB. ZMn 
AdMduM mMfley: N Cochrane. J Davey. 
k lOSfcss trantete ratejp A Jameson. R 
aa. M Foster. N Cochrane. 4 x 200m 
,• -aestyle rate*: N Cochrane, K Boyd,' P 
(owe (MlUflekfi. J Davey. 4 x 100m 
. NKHay retey; NHwpar, A Moortwusa. A 
^ antes, R Lee. 




200 metros 


ROUND ROOK England (B Atherton, M 
Altai. M Price, B Futorj 37 F» 6; Wales (L 
Erans. J Rickette. R Jones, L Parker) 2S. 
N Ireland (K Megrath, H . Hamilton, M 
Melon, f 
Scotland i 
F WWW) 19. 

2221: 7. 

21 S Rtemani (Bod 
(MW) 2241: 8. R 


• i «»■ *--■ 

A t (•*«•«« , , 

ta wmw' 

T rf. a 1 ; 


MIC * m 

: C Cooper (Pot- 
n Bar). 100m freert yte: C Cooper. 
00m fraeswte: A Crtpps (Woan WaspsJ. 

GMian (wwn wreps).40<fir taaMia 

Hardcastto (SoutfiendlR camian. SdOm 

•cstyte: S HaracaaUa.K Medor (Mqovtati 

anguine). 100m backatraka: S 
■ndmeren (Wigan), K Read ^wetoon 
Jetrok 200m badataka: K Read. WOw 

renatrok*; S Brownsdon (Wigan 

(asps). 200m bnaaoWK S Brawnsdon. 

30m butterfly: C Cooper, C Foot 

.-ISfieWJ.aOOm tmlterfly: S Punite (Stocks 

n). 200m IndMduuU madter S Punrts. 4 

. lOltan madtotf relay: S Hi nd m ar ch._S 
•l* rownsOMLC F 001 C Cooper. 4 a 200m 

' Mstyle relay: S Ham t as fle. R GMlaaA 

dpos. K Manor. %nchronlxad awim- 

'm A Dodd. N ShWffl. J Dodd. N 
mS-m tor. A Garrett. G CoomW. J 

rider. J Clayton, 8 
arwood. A Parson 
1VMG: Mam PteHonn 

Wat*. L Money, N 

Ladtes), C Roscoe 

, Springboant: A Chftdt 
.outnend), Roscoe. 

; . M •* 




. all the facts 

J The 500-stTxnw media contin- 
'.ait at the Commonwealth 
,=ames owe a debt of gratitude 
i the boy scouts and girl guides, 
■early 150 of them, all volun- 
ers, have played a key role in 
- «ping the entire press corps in 
j uch with the viral remits 
^Tvice. The computer produc- 
g the information is sited 250 
lids away from the press centre 
' id the refusal of the games 
ganizers to provide a cable 
•ik and copying focilities has 
■pi the scouts and guides.busy 
' am early morning to midnight. 

HEAT TWO: 1 . A Mahom 
2.T Berman (Bm) 2080; 3.M D 
20U7: A R Stone (Aus) 21, . 

Mamba (S*tt)22J9. 

FINAL: 1, Mahom 2(L3Isec; 2. Barnett 
205*: 3. Jotmaon 2064; 4, StDne2094; 5 
” Dwyer 20J8: 

Mbwd doubtea 

SECOND ROUND: KS Scandolera and A 
Tuckey (Aus) bt D Trevors and E Alien 
(Scot) 15-S. 154* Kftoote end L Clootter 

(Can) bt K Mktdwnriaa and A Naan (Scofl N Ireland (JC Magrath, H Hamilton, U 
15-9. 15-10; G Stewart anUK PrdVps (tC) MaSon. N AMejti 16: Homkong .24 
tit J Goaa and S Skdbiga (Can) la-5. 15- Scotland (SGoutey. A Evans, JMenua. 
10; I Pringle and J Alan (Scot) MP Martin ' “ 

and S Bara (I0M) 15-1. 15-1. 

QUARTER-FtNALBe M Scandotan and A 
Tuckey (Aus) M N tlar and G Gowere 
(Big) 15-7 17-15; PDOta and Ckwilar bt R 
OunarskJa and G dark (Eng) 515. 15-6. 

15-7; B Qtoand and C HaaS Ccofl tx G 
Stewart and K PhHpe 155, 15$AGoode 
and F Stott (Enrebtl Pringle and J Allan 
(Scot) 15-10. 1HL 

Air Pistol bKflvMwri 

FWAL: 1. a Yatavtch . 
Guirm (Can) 574; 3, GSwrt I 
Adams (Aus) 572; 5. Pf " 
571 ; 6, B Uflcktos ( 

568; B.R Home 
562; 10. S Ranjri 

P-I r - 


ROUND ROBIN: G Boyle and N Mtrihotend 
(Set* M M Johnston and F Bflot (N Ire) 
2^15; B Stubhings and J vaBs (Ena) M E 
Thomas and M Green (Bot) 23-18; H 
Portion and B Godfrey (Aus) bt W Fong 
and J Gaunder (F^) 23-14. 


■ai Ho (HK) 550; 14. K Stanford (Nfre) 
15. J Reread Uer) 552 16. P Mason 
) 552; 17. R WHamson (N lra)548t 

POM) 552; 17, R WHamson (N Ira) 54ft 
U SEarte(K)M>546; 10. R Prove! (Guo) 

Shotgun skeet hKflvfduol 



Baird SlUei.S.^Da^ar 

7, Onan 

21.07; 8, Regia; " 

800 matres 

final: i. s Cram (Eng) into 4a22sec 


ScammeH JAus) I^Lfe S, Uf&fanb 
(WaQ 1:4727. B, S HoopowWt (Can) 
1:4a04; 7. P Forties (Scol)T51-29. 

5,000 metres 

FINAL: 1, S Ovett (Eng) 13Mns&t.1 ItekS 
Z J Buckner (ing) 13&S7; 3, T Hutrtkns 

lairn- 4, 




1; & J Walker (NZ) 1&3&34: 6, 
1338.79:^1 " 


laaa.TlfS, N Muir (Scon 13K‘ 
MCCtoy (Can) 1342^7) 10. R 
(Can) 13:47.44; 11 , K 

13, G Mambosass (m) 14TI633; 14, i 
(LK) 1 4:4&91 . 

30kms walk 
FINAL: 1, S Baker 
47sec; 2, G Lobianc 


12:42:5. W 

2hrs 07Mn 
,2K»aa:a i 
I.C Maddocks 

Sawak (Aus) 2:1429: 

(NZ) 2:15:11; 7. M Busn (Bw) 
£1ft01; 6, SJoreiBOn (Wat) 22«»: 9. G 
Seatter (NZ) 202 M; TO. S PBrtir^ton 


High Jump 
HNAU 1. M 
214; 4. H 
210: 7, D 
(Eng) 2.10; 9, J 
Long jump 


:02; F- Lapointe 

230m: 2 G 



i (Aua) 205. 


(Bet) 21-10; AThomaon 
(Carl) 21-14; R Oorsie 
(HK) 21-7; j Srtatoacfc 
(Guw) 21-15. 


ROUND ROBH: M WcoBe and B Crawford 
(Guer) bt J Tltackray and R Maacarentem 
(Bot) 30-15: B Boattger and R Jonas Kart) 
btCTurangaboci and janghfF^) 20-12; 
M B Hasaan and D Tso (m) bt A Black 
and K Henrietta (Aus) 20-1 9. 


ROUND ROBIN: N Ireland (B 
Montgomery, R McCune, E 
Parkinsohn, W .Watson) 21 
Swaziland 11; N Zealand 15 
Wales (R WeaJa, W Thomas. H 
Thomas, J Morgan) 21; Hong- 
kong 15 Scotland (G Robert- 
son, M Graham, W Hi 
Boyle) 22; - 
Bowden, J 
16, Austra&a 17 



ROUND ROBS*: F Andaraon (Bot) bt P La 
Tlssiar (Gun) 21-10; N Himter iCari) » M 
Lum On (Hp) 21-13; G Fahey (Aus) bt J 
Hunyht o^JH Kj) 21 -IS; R R)«n (NZ) bt A 

4JXW metres team pursiat 

QUAUFVHIQROUliD (Rrrt four for semL 
flnais): 1. Austria. 4min 2475sec 
- - 2 New Zealand. *OBKl: 

' 4, Canada. 438.16; 5. 

Wales 456.71. 

SEMI-FINALS: New Zealand 4min 
29.1 7sac bt Enrtand 431 J7; AustraBa bt 
Canada, caught alter 7 taps. 


SEMhflNAL: A Ongato (Can) M B 
Alexander Scot). 2-1. 

FWAL: G Neiwand (Aus) WOngaro 2-1. 
THIRD PLACE: Alexander bt P McHugh 
(Eng). 2-0- 


Fufl Bore Rifle Individual: 

FWAL: I.SGoSnfci (Aus) 396pts (Gamas 
record), (after stioot-ortk 2. A Marion 
(Can) 396; 3, J BtoomMd ffng)M, (after 
shoot-oflfc 4. J Corbett (Aia) 395; S, R 
Simpson pari) 394; 6, R Cotshtey (Gueri 
393: 7,B LaChenimant (Jer) 3» & A 
ClarK (Soon 391; 9. N Crewshaw (Engj 
391: 10, D Catvert (N Ire) 390: 11. C Bwt 
(NZ) 389: 12. C Hodday Waft ^ 13. W 
Btadwii (Can) 388; 14. F Godfrei 
388; IS. C MaBatt (Jar) 388; 16. Ml 
(Guer) 388; 17. M MBbr (N ire) 387; 18. 

Lord Swansea (Wal) 387; 19. 

376; 21. R Woodside (HK) 375; 22. P^rtl 
(H» 372; 23, P OuHan (IOM) 370; 24. J 
Srrtth (Fafl<) 367: 2S. T Gama fsiraz) 363; 
26. J Team (IOM) 360: 27. B Summers 
(Falk) 323; 28. D Rbs (Swaz) 297. 

QMs (Aus) 97; 3. B Gabrirtl 
Neville (Eng) 97; 5. J Wooiey] 
West [N lro}96; 7. 1 Marsdenfl 
Hale (Aus) 95; 9. D Kwasnyait (Ca 
J Ferre! m2) 94; 11, K remin 
1i J DunlopfScot) 93; 13. BW 

97: 4. j 
97; %T 

Ire) 93; 1< fi Bravut (Guer) 94 15. P 
UwveKyn (Wal) 93: 1& W UJHK) 93: 17. P 
Hun (HK) 01; 18.S Evans (Guw191; 19. A 
Mctteown (IOM) 9ft 20. T Griffiths (Wal 
89: 21. B Varcoe (NQ 77; 22, B Woodward 



athletics tat Meadowtiank): I.IDOam: 
Men's marathon; 1130: Woman's irnra- 
itwn; 1X00: Pole vault final; 1100 : 

Man's 1500m heats; 16-50: women's 
100m hurifies finaL 

BADMINTON (Meadowbank Sports Cen- 
trefc 1400 AO events— bronze medal piay- 
otfs; 18.30: Al events finals. 

BOWLS (Balgreen): 8.00am: Men's and 
vmmen's stales, pefce. fount; 120ft 

Man's and women's sbigiaa. pairs, fours. 

BOXING flngSstonfr IftaftRnals 
SHOOTB4G (at MussettHirUi): 1030: Cen- 
tra fire pfatoiintflviduaL (AtKfaien}:11J)ft 
Shotgun steal Indhridual finaL 
WRESTUNa (Playhouse Theatre): 100ft 
3rd and 4th rounds; 19 jD 0: Finals. 



ATHLETICS (at Maaxiowbank): 1230: 
Men's favafln fcat 1245c Men's triple 
jump final; 13-00 Women's 1500m final; 
life Men's shot final: 13J» Women s 4 
x 100m reiey final: 13 4& Men's 4 x 100m 
relay finaL 1355: Men's 1500m final; 
1A3S: women’s 4 x 400m relay final; 
15JS Men's 4 X 400m relay final: 1530: 
Closing canxnony. 

CYCLWGb uifc 100 min md race. 


Kina (Eng) 7.70: 5. D Brawn I 
E 3oreSrtCan);7 Mi 7. D ( 

741; B, K McKay @COt) 7^9. 


200 metres 


Cook (00*23.18; 3. S 
23.4ft 4. b Jacobs (End) 2348; 
ChapmanJAus) 23U4; ft E Lawrence 
<pan)23J7: 7. S Morris (Wal) 2&97. 

800 metres 

rnal 1. K wade (wan 2nfti OOMw? ?• 

J Sctwass (Aus) 205.14. 

100 metres hurdtes 


(First three ft aeeft semFfina/ pka two 
looms tor— “ 



Mixed doubles 

FIRST ROUND: J Gw and S SkUngs 
(Can) bt A Podgar and S La Motana (Gua) 
153. i5*GS&rartant»KPtfiipeJNZ) 
bt R Kaeg and A Stephens (NIR) 15-8, fi- 
IS. 15-9: D McDonald and J McDonald 
(Aus) bt L Vrtfiams and S Dqody (Wrt) IS- 
1l7l&ft P Martin and S Bard pOM) txL 
McKenna and S Gammia (Gua) 15ft 15- 
11; I Prinde and J Alan gam bt P Home 
end K Lackey (NZJ 11-15. 18-13. 15-5; P 
Kong and T5m»B(Aufl) MG Stephens and 

Nakaa, G Watson, R Lestman. C 
, 3S4JI5; ft Singapore (D Um. Oon 
Oop Jin Gee). 

Man 'tip. M 
*0029; 8. 
Gwyme, G 


35699; 7, 

Watt. Yj Mtng 
Wales (I Rosser. B 
WBams). 49794. 


200 metres Butterfly 
FINAL: 1. D McGinnis (Can). 2mh 
L 21271: 3. J 


BBC 1: 990am-6pnc Athletics (mon’s end 
women's marathon, pete vet*, woman's 

discus* women s loom rurcDos, loujn 
heats, ratty heats), bowts. badminmn. 

9J0pa^2Dft Highlights and news at 
tming> bwkntmon, Dowtt. athlaiics. wras- 


PR«0®C«)l4m . 

HEAT TWO: 1. S Gunnel i 
2, G Nunn (Aia) 1131: L - -------- 

1399; 7. Y Jones (Can) 1379: ft T Gange 
(NZ) 14.06. 



^•!i|5S 9h 8. ! r ,B32:7 - A 





(Eng) lift 11-fcFESott 
(Cw3 lift lift 

btG Clark 

HLwaMTOlSft 15-12. 


! Tier and G Gowers 
}M M Buffer and C Sharpe(Can) 15- 
11.15-12; R Outterside »ndG Clark fern) 
bt Hung Lai Bid A CWm (HK) 15-1 1, 15-7; 
B goZm and C Haafiay (Soot) bt 
McDonald and McDonald i7-ii, i5ft a 
G oods and F Sett (Eng) K Kong and 
Smafi 15-11, 17-14. 



200 metres medley 

FWAL: 1. A Baumann (Can), 2RM 
Ol.fiOsec (Games record); 2. R 
WOodhouse (Aua). £04.19: 3, N Cochran 

£06J7: 7, R Ctwnoff (Can). 
I; ft A McDonald (Aua). 2Dft44. 

1,500m freestyle 

FINAL: 1, J Plummer (Aurt. 15ftrin 
I2.82sac (Games racerdU ft M Mrtfonda 
(AusL 15:1272: 3. C CtwUnws (Can), 
l&lftKk 4. A Dw (Wal). 1522.7ft 5. H 
Taylor tCwiL 1W4.4S: 8. m Davidson 
(N2L 1S3854-. 7, D Cnrirtcshank - 
15:44,73: 8. D Stacey (&g). wr - 

4 x 100 metres medley 

FWAL: 1. Canada (M Tewksbury. V Duris. 
T Pondng, A Baumann). 3mm oaOOscc 
(G ames record): 2. England (N HarperA 
Moorhousa. A Jameson. R Leek 3:44.85: 
3. Australia £ Wfison. B Stocks. S 
Armstrong. G FasaU). 3:*5^8; 4. New 
Zealand (P Klngsmaa O Forbes, A 
Masse. R Anderson), 3:465ft 5. Scotland 

11 97sec;2. K 
HorsteadlCanLftl . . 

21 4 JO: i C Hardy (Ai«). 2U63; 

£unttert'(Sc5!Si8 J?® 1 


100 kflogram 

GROUP A: FM round: C DevtesfCan) bt I 
Wen- (N IreJ; G Toth (Aus) bl V Takayawa 
(Ffl Group B: R A^e (NZ) bt D Kilpn 

82 kflograrn 

GROUP A: Rrst round: Cftnka (Can) btE 
Cusak(N Ire). Group 9= W Koenig (Aus)bt 
PBeeaie ©sol- 

74 kBogram 

(fftOUP A: first round: G Marsh (Aus) bt C 
Menem (Scot). Group ft First rand: G 

Holmes (Can) M F WSfleor (Eng). 

62 kilogram 

GROUP A: Rrst round: P Hughes ©an) bt 
M Bowman (N Ire). Group & Q Beswtek 
(Eng) bt B MMIer (Sco). 

57 kSogram 

MKHJP A: Fi rs t rc ra x fc B Aran (Eng) btP 
KiriroyfAual Group B:S FlSwWd(N2)b» 
P Farrugst (Malta). 

52 kBogram 

GROUP A: Fhst round: J McAlary (Aus)bt 
S Stannmt (NZL Group 8: C Woodcrofi 
(Can) bt N Donohue (EngL- 
48 kilogram 

GROUP A: First rotxxt RMoncur (Can) bt 
D Bums (Eng). 

Wednesday’s corrected result 

BOWLS; Hen'S singles A Wallace (Can) 
bt P Rang (Fiji) 21-19. 

■ 6pm-7 jft Bowng, bodmintKi and 

bowls finals. 


Auk AustraBa: Berne Bermuda; Bob 
Botswana: Care Canada; Cay: Cayman 
teianoT. Cook: Cook Islands; Ena: En- 
qtanc: FsBc FaSdana tetanus; Gib: 
Gibrakar; Guan Guernsey. Wt Hongkong; 
lOtt Isle of Man; Jac Jersey; Lac 
Lesotho; Matt Malawi: Mata; HZ: New 
Zealand: w Nortost tewndN n few 
Northern feeiand; Scab Scotland; Sfeigp 
jSwatSwwttrorc Wat wmo; 
l Samoa; Van: Vanuatu. 

• Tbe rafn which had 
havoc with the cycling 
the four bowling greens at 
Balgreen and held up play for 
more than four hours. But 
England’s Andy Thomson 
found time to beat Alf Wal- 
lace. of Canada, in the singles. 
Wallace’s defeat dented his 
hopes of the silver medaL 

• Prince Michael of Kent has 
been appointed a member ofthe 
Horserace Toialisator Board for 
the next two years by the Home 
Secretary, Mr Douglas Hurd. 
The Pnnce. who succeeds tbe 
Duke of Devonshire, will take 
up tbe appointment on October 

may call 
on full-1 

Future hosts of the Common- 
wealth Games could have the 
help and guidance of a perma- 
nent group of experts, Ken 
Borthwick, co-chairman of tbe 
organizing committee of tbe 
13th Games, said in Edinburgh 

H I have spoken to senior 
officers in the Common weahh 
Games Federation and 1 would 
not be surprised if such a group 
emerges in the very near 
future,’* he said. “It is my view, 
from organizing these Games, 
that such a group would provide 
invaluable assurance. They 
would not be there just to check 
up on any committee, but to 
spend considerable time work- 
ing out arrangements for recruit- 
ing sponsors, raising funds 
generally, dealing with tbe 
engagement of television and 
advising on the setting up of 
press centres.*’ 

Borthwick said be would not 
want anyone to think they had 
not had any guidance or talks 
with tbe Federation over tbe 
past few years, but added^l 
think the Federation would now 
want to have a permanent group 
of officials whose task it was to 
feed the organization so that the 
expertise would pass from one 
Games to the next.** 

Borthwick said there had been 
a number of people who had 
thought Edinburgh ill-advised 
to rake on the 13th Games. “I 
don’t believe in good or bad 
luck,” he said. “But it Is a feet 
that we have been dogged with 

He said there had been the 
worry over the various rugby 
tours of South Africa and the 
threat that at any moment there 
would be a boycott, all of which 
had concern among 

sponsors. Another element of 
uncertainty was caused with the 
change in the local council. “At 
first, there was a right-wing 
council, then a strong left-wing 
group. There was .no less a 
commitment from them, but it 
did mean we had to deal with 
new councillors and new of- 
ficials. There was a period of six 
months when we had to wait for 
a response from the city 

C0 ^tmgt£eS^cuhies caused 
by such uncertainty was one of 
finance, which was also closely 
tied to the original prospect of 
Edinburgh playing host to 
around 3.150 competitors and 
officials — 1,000 more than in 
Brisbane four years earlier. 
“Two years ago. our budget bad 
been £10 million,” he said: 
“Then it went to £12. 8m. We 
could 'have met that, but as the 
news came in of the large 
numbers of competitors and 
countries proposmgto come, we 
had to look to raise £14. lm.” 

He went on: “It was then that 
we were in difficulty and why we 

had to send out an SOS to 
captains of industry. We mil 
expect to produce a balance 
sheet by the end of December, 
and I am confident that we wfll 
balance the books in the end.” 

- Borthwick said he had learned 
a great deal from his work but 
stressed: “There has to be some 
chang es in tbe constitution 
governing the Games. How can 
yon deal with a situation where 
you don’t know until 18 days 
before they start who is 
coming?” On an optimistic 
note, Borthwick said that al- 
though there had been many 
problems and that morale had 
been affected by the boycott, 
there bad been many good 
points about organizing the 
event- “They far outweigh the 
bad points,” he said. “Bui it is 
just the bad points that get all 
tbe publicity.” 

One more hurdle 
for Dickison 

By Gordon Allan 

Torrential rain 
flooded the four 
greens at Balgreen 
yesterday and held 
up play for more 
Than four hours. 

Before the deluge 
Andy Thomson, of England, 
beat AlfWallace, of Canada, 21- 
14 in the men’s singles — a 
result with a bearing on the 
medals situation. 

Wallace was second to Ian 
Dickison (New Zealand) and his 
defeat by Thomson consid- 
erably reduces his chance ofthe 
silver medal. Dickison was due 
to play Richard Corse (Scot- 
land) yesterday but that match, 
together with the rest of the 
afternoon programme, was post- 
poned until today . If Dickison 
beats Corsie he will make 
certain o If the gold medal. Corrie 
beat Keith Bosley (Hong Kong) 
21-7 yesterday morning. 

Ian Schuback (Australia) led 
Mike Smith (Guernsey) 20-13 
when the rain came. When tbe 
match resumed Schuback, not 
be put off by the interruption, 
won 21-15. He is another player 
with medal aspirations. 

In the women's singles Sense 
McCrone (Scotland), the only 
remaining challenger to Wendy 

Line (England) for the gold 
medal, plays Eileen Bell (North- 
ern Ireland) this morning in one 
of the postponed matches. The 
destination of the gold medal 
might have depended on it if 
Mm Line had lost to Maiaia 
Lum On (Fiji) on Wednesday. 
Bui Mrs Line won 21-20. scor- 
ing seven shots on the last three 
ends after bring 1 4-20 in arrears. 

Mrs Line, usually undemon- 
strative, gave a skip of joy when 
she realised she had three shots 
on the final end. What Mrs Lum 
On thought is not known. 
Recoveries such as Mrs Line's 
.are the stuff ofthe game. 

The men’s pairs gold medal 
has been as good as won by 
Grant Knox and George Adrain 
(Scotland). They are unbeaten 
after nine matches. Their latest 
win was over Malawi by 22-1 1. 
The men's and women's fours 
are still wide open. 

Freda Elliott and Margaret 
Johnston won the women’s 
pairs gold medal for Northern 
Ireland on Wednesday evening 
-when they beat Janet Acklana 
and Margaret Pomeroy (Wales) 
24-19. It was the second time 
Ireland had won a gold at the 
Games. Tbe first was at Vancou- 
ver in 1954. 

on to the 

Liverpool's Paul 
McHugh, accused 
PftTMB of irregular riding 
in the sprint race- 
f %■“ °ff for me bronze 

FgyFM medal, was beaten 
2-0 by Scotland's 
Eddie Alexander before rain 
again interrupted the cycling 

But Alexander's victory was 
not gained in quite tbe normal 
manner. The 2l-year-old Scot 
won the first race with a last 200 
metres in 11.78 seconds but 
narrowly lost tbe second leg. 

It looked like a decider would 
have to be stand, but McHugh 
was found guilty of not holding 
his line during tbe final sprint 
So it was bronze for Alexander, 
but not before McHugh had sent 
in a written protest and then 
withdrawn it after watching a 
video of the race. 

Earlier Alexander had lost the 
deciding race in tbe sprint semi- 
final to Canadian Alex Ongaro 
who, after the two men bad been 
1-1 overnight, had moved into 
the final with a last 200 metres 
in I I.455sec. 

Then, in the final Ongaro lost' 
tbe first la to the Australian 
favourite, Gary Neiwand. who 
docked I l-35sec fbr the last 200 
metres, but won the second by 
surprise, tactics. He burst away 
shortly after the stan of the final 
lap and though Neiwand came, 
strong at the finish be could not 
catch the Canadian who was 
timed at ll.lOsec. It was 1-1 
when the rain, which has led to 
calls fora roof to be built at tbe 
Meadowbank Velodrome, came 
yet again. 

In the 4,000 metres team 
pursuit qualifying round 
Australia's quartet of- Brett 
Dutton, Wayne McCamey, Mi- 
chael Turtur and Glenn Clarke 
broke tbe Gaines record with a 
time of four minutes 24.75 
seconds, to earn a semi-final 
meeting with Canada; 
who docked 4min 33.1 
were to face New Zealand. 

Kilpin has 

By Philip Nkksan 

No one was more 
disappointed in 
his performance in 
the first round of 
tbe wrestling com- 
petition than 
Dave Kitpin. tbe 
London policeman who. with 
retirement scheduled at the end 
of the event, let an opportunity 
for a silver medal slip through 
his fin^HS." When I came off 
the mat, I wanted to hit some- 
body or something," Kilpin. 
normally the most genial and 
even-tempered of men, said. 

In the 100k category, he had 
freed Robert Algie, a sheep 
shearer from wairapa. New 
Zealand, whose main hobby is 
pig hunting. Three times in the 
past, Algie has beaten Kilpin. 
but in Edinburgh, with just one 
minute to go, fulpin managed to 
level the score to 2-2 and would 
have won as, in the event of a 
tie, the last scorer wins. 

But he ran out of breath and 
was given acaution for passivity 
which counted against him. He 
is still .in with a chance of a 
bronze tomorrow (Friday) but, 
he confessed, he still feels 
somewhat crestfallen. With the 
pig hunter now on course for a 
silver, it appears that the gamble 
of Ivan Weir, of Northern 
Ireland, to move up from 90k to 
improve his chances of a medal 
might yet pay off 
. As expected, he was oblit- 
erated by Clark Davis, of Can- 
ada, in the first round, but so 
long as bis strength doesn’t wilt 
against the heavier weights of 
Vulame Takayama, the Fijian, 
and Gabriel Toth, the Austra- 
lian, he could squeeze through 
to a bronze tomorrow. 

Meanwhile, hopes are still - 
running high that England's two 
leading wrestlers, Nod Loban 
(90k), who fought last night, and 
Brian Aspen (57k), will prevent 
Canada taking a clean sweep of 
the top medals, though already 
it looks as if the Canadians 
could capture eight of tbe 10 








Career-best for 
Gould to 
lift Sussex on 
danger pitch 

By Peter Ball 

HEADINGLEY: Sussex beat almost impossible and was to 

Yorkshire by 88 runs. 

A sparkling, courageous in- 
nings by Tan Gould, die Sussex 
captain, fittingly provided the 
exact difference between he 
two sides on a wicket which 
had done nothing to improve 
Headingley’s increasingly du- 
bious reputation when it was 
used for the Test against India 
five weeks ago. 

It has been no belter Ibis 
time and has been reported to 
Lord's by the umpires, who 
reportedly told the captains 
that in their view it is unfit for 
first class cricket. Gould was 
even stronger. 

Describing it as "diabolical” 
he added: "Balls were going 
through the top. Yorkshire 
had players caught-behind 
fending the ball off their faces. 
That is not a one-day wicket-** 

Against the fiery Jones and 
!e Roux, who both bowled 
splendidly to claim four wick- 
ets apiece supported by ex- 
cellent catching, it made 
Yorkshire's task impossible. 
Apart from Garrick, who pro- 
vided some late defiance with 
his competition career best 54, 
Gould was the only batsman 
on either side to rise above its 
difficulty and, indeed, danger. 

Arriving with his side in 
deep trouble at 73 for five with 
over half their overs gone, he 
hit a limited over career best 
88 from 80 deliveries to take 
his side into the semi-finals for 
the first time since 1978. 

A measure of Gould's 
achievement was that before 
his arrival batting had looked 

do so again after his departure. 
Even Imran was subdued and 
his partners were rendered 
virtually smokeless as Carrick 
reeled off five maidens in his 
first nine overs while at the 
other end the seam bowlers 
made regular inroads as the 
ball deviated alarmingly. 

When Alan Weds edged to 
slip before Gould was prop- 
erly established, Sussex s 
cause seemed hopeless at 83 
for six with 40 overs gone. 
Instead the recovery com- 
menced immediately as le 
Roux arrived to provide his 
captain with solid support 
His reputation for big hitting 
proceeding him. le Roux was 
accorded a defensive field. 
Responsibly he took the sin- 
gles on offer, while Gould 
moved onto the attach to lift 
his side from the doldrums, 
cutting and driving square and 
hitting forcefully off his legs. 

The 50 partnership came in 
12 overs, a mundane enough 
statistic in most NatWest 
games, but a highly significant 
one here. The next 50 took 
only six as Yorkshire’s grip, 
already slackening, was totally 
lost. The pair had put on 1 15, 
le Roux contributing 29, when 
Gould swung Fletcher high to 
mid-wicket with an over 
remaining to receive a stand- 
ing ovation. 

If Yorkshire were despon- 
dent then, they were soon in 
abject despair as the pitch 
rediscovered its fire. Four 
wickets tumbled for only one 
run, and that a wide, m 11 

De Freitas proves 
all-round worth 

By Richard Streetoo 

LEICESTER: Lancashire, with 
seven nickels in hand, need 139 
runs to beat Leicestershire. 

Lancashire lost three wickets 
in their first eight overs yes- 
terday as they set out to make 
224 and claim a semi-final place 
in the NatWest Trophy. Abra- 
hams and Fairbrother were 
rebuilding the innings before the 
curtain came down for the last 
time on an abbreviated day. 

Four of the six stoppages for 
bad light or rain came as 
Lancashire batted — disruptions 
which did nothing to help the 
batsmen's concentration or the 
game as a spectacle. Lancashire 
have 37 overs left if it is possible 
to complete the match today but 
are already behind on run rate if 
no further play is possible. 

Lancashire lost their first 
wicket when Mendis flashed 
outside the off-stump and was 
caught behind. Gower held good 
catches at second slip to bring 
about the dismissals of Fowler 
and Give Lloyd, the second 
coming when he grasped a 
rebound from Potter standing 
next to him. 

Leicestershire, who were put 
in to bat. did well to score as 
many runs as ihey did. They 
were in a parlous state at 107 for 
six before De Freitas and 
Whittkase added 97 in 1 8 overs. 

Allott early on look two im- 
portant wickets; the wily 
Simmons conceded only 1 8 runs 
as he bowled his 12 overs, 
uninterrupted apart from lunch. 

It was two irregular members 
of the side, though, that Lan- 
cashire had to thank chiefly for 
their initial success. Hayhurst, 
replacing Makinson, took four 
wickets during nine overs, 
which only cost 22 runs. 

Sianwonb. keeping wicker for 
ihe injured Maynard, held four 
catches, three of them top notch 
efforts as he dived to his right. 

wickets came from baaing in- 
discretions, he can rightly point 
to ihe fact that the wickets are in 
the scorebook. 

Cobb and Willey were ADott’s 
first victims during an opening 
spell which always combined 
hostility and steadiness and 
which was not rewarded as 
much as it deserved to be. 
Hayhurst began by having 
Gower caught at square lex as he 
turned a half volley off has kgs. 
Baklerstone and Potter were 
caught behind as they chased 
balls well wide of the off stump. 
Boon missed a ball that he made 
into a yorker. 

The rescue act between De 
Freitas and Whitticase ended 
when AUott returned and dis- 
missed both men in successive 
overs. Whitticase fell to another 
of Stanworth’s leaps from the 
springboard; De Freitas lifted a 
full loss to deep mid-wicket. 

De Freitas, who is Domini- 
can-born but English qualified, 
batted with real authority. He is 
also Leicestershire's leading 
wicket taker this season. These 
days, in terms of all-round 
usefulness, he is not that Ear 
behind Pringle. 


J C BaUarstone c Stanwcrtfi b Mayfturst 

R A Cobb tbw b Alton 8 

PWUmcStanvrannbAflott 1 

*0 1 Gowof c CShaughnessy b Hayhurst 

T J Boon b Hayhurst 18 

L Potter c Stamwrth b Hayhurst i 

S P WliKUcasa c Staswrerih b Aflofl — 32 
A J Do Freitas c Fairtxtxher b Alert 68 

J P Agnaw not out 5 

L B "Taylor not out B 

Extras (b 1. R> 5. w 13, nb 5] 
Total (8 wWs. GO gwi) . 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-28, 2-32, 3-72. 4. 
91. 5-93, 6-107. 7-204. 8-212. 

BOWLING: Mott 12-3-28-4; WotMnson 
1 (MM 9-0; O’Shaugnessy 10-0-59-0; 
Hayhurst 12-1-404; Stminons 12-6-18-0; 
Abrahams 4-0-230. 

G Fowler c Gower b Taylor 

Pore gold by Gould: The Sussex skipper hits Hartley for four (Photograph: Andrew Varley) 

deliveries. The rot set in in le 
Roux's second over as Met- 
calfe was trapped by a ball 

which cot back sharply. 

Jones, replacing Imran, im- 
mediately struck twice as 
Gould held superlative cat- 
ches to remove Moxon and 
Robinson before le Roux 
found Hartley’s edge, Philip- 
son holding another splendid 
catch to confirm the im- 
pression that Sussex's fielding 
had lost nothing by his 
substitution for Alikhan. 

Run spree 

the gloom 

\lorthams. wSh five first innim 
tding. ha 

At 16 for four, Yorkshire' 
plight was parlous and Sussex 
pressed home their advantage 
remorslessly as Bairstow 

played on and Love lost his 
off-stump. With over half the 
side out io accumulating 42, 
the cause was lost, despite 
Carrick’s brave resistance. 


R I Aflkhan c Robi nso n b Fletcher 14 

AM Green bPJ Hartley 5 

P WGPnrtarc Carrick bPJ Hartley .. 3 

Imran Khan Ibw b P J Hartley 23 

CM Weksc Bairstow b Shaw 20 

A PWeBsc Carrick b Shaw 4 

Gould c Low b FMtater 88 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-7. 2-19, 349, 464, 

BOWLING: Jarvis 12-1-41-0; p j Hartley 
12-347-3: Shaw 12-2-56-2; Retchar 126- 
37-2; Carrick 12663-0. 


M D Moxon c GauU b Jones 
A A Metcalfe Ibw b la FLoux 

S N Hartley c sub b lo Roux . 

P E Robinson c GouKf b Joncn . 
J D Love b le Roux 

L Bairstow b Jones . 

. Carrick c Gould b Jones — , 
P J Hartley c Gould b Reeve 

P W Jarvia run out 

S D Fletcher nor out 
C Shaw ble Roux 

Total (333 overs) 













I Sle Roux not out. 
0 A Reeve not out 


_ 213 

ACS Plgott and A N Jones dU not bat 

Extras (ft 1 ft w 6) 

Total (7 wkts. 60 overs). 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-15. 2-15. 3-15. 4- 
18. 5-23. B-42, 766. 8-122. 9-124. 10-125. 
BOWLING: Imran 86-166; b Roux 103- 
2-17-4: Jones 62-264; Plgott 26-126; C 
M Wflfe 8-0-276; Reeve *624-1. 
Umpires: J BWcenshaw and J W Holder. 

ve scored 

Havhurst, who is 23. was a 
prolific batsman in his school 
and siudem days and he re- 
mains. primarily, a batsman 
who also bowls. At times his 
medium pace was terribly er- 
ratic. If more than one of his 

_ . . -12 

G 0 Mentha c WNtttease b Agnew — 2 

J Abrahams not out IS 

*C H Uoyd c Gower b Taylor 6 

N H FartxuUwr not out 30 

Extras (IbZnbl.w 13) — 16 

Total (3 wkts. 23 overe) 85 

S J O’Shaughneaay. tJ Stanworth. M 
WatMnsan. J Simmons, P J W Alton. A N 
Hayhurst to bat. 

FALL OF WICKETS; 14. 2-20. 3-28 
Umpires: D O Oslear and B Leadbeatar. 

wickets standing, 

286 runs 

Richard Williams and Robert 
Bailey helped lift some of the 
gloom over Northampton yes- 
terday with a fine display of 
batting as Nort hams’ match 
against the touring New Zea- 
landers was onoe again badly 
disrupted fry rain. 

After the first day’s play had 
been washed out, heavy over- 
night rain delayed the start until 
after lunch. New Zealand made 
up for lost time, however, by 
taking the first two wickets for 
16 after the county had elected 
to bat. Two newcomers, Alan 
Fordhara - and Mark 
Gouldstone, opened and put on 
1 5 in five overs before Fordham 
was caught behind off* of Willie 
Watson, who started the season 
playing on a cricket scholarship 
for Northamptonshire's second 

In the next over Robin Boyd- 
Moss played on to Derek Stir- 
ling, fora single, but Gouldstone 
played some confident strokes 
and. together with Williams, 
carried the total lo SO by the 
15th over. 

Gouldstone was eventually 
out for 35, trapped leg before by 
Barren with the score on 73. 
That brought in Bailey to join 
Williams for a partnership 
which added 14S for the fourth 
wicket. Within eight overs Wil- 
liams had caught his partner on 
35. hitting 1 1 fours in a 46-bail 
half-century. But with both 
batsmen seemingly on their way 
to a century apiece they mised 
out at the final hurdle 


M H GouJcWone Ibw b Barnett 35 

A FWOham c BHn b Watson 4 

R J Bend-Moss b Sttritng 1 

R G wfiams c Btem b Soring 93 

R JBadsyc BU*» b Gray 95 

D J Capas not out 41 

DJ Wranotout 3 

Great hope out on 
a limb at long leg 

By Alan Gibson 

It was not a sunny day. 
Qouds were always threatening. 
Still, they made a start at 1 1.45. 
Worcesteshire put Warwick- 
shire in. After a dullish hour, 
both cricketingly and meteo- 
rologically, lunch was taken 
with the score 23 for one after 17 
overs. Smith was the man out, 
bowled by Inch more. Moles and 
Kallkhanan were dinging on, 

Soon after lunch, with no 
addition to die score. Moles was 
bowled by PateL In the next 
oyer Amiss was caught in the 
slips. At 38 Hum page was 
bowled round his kgs by PateL 

By this time we were begin- 
ning to ask each other about the 
pitch. It was undoubtedly giving 
Patel's spinners some help an d 
was hard to score runs on, 
whoever the bowler. The out- 
field was also slow and the 
Worcestershire fielding lively. 
Kal licharran hit the first bound- 
ary. through the covers, in the 
thirtieth over. The SO struggled 
up in the next. At 58, in the 35th 
over, Asif was caught behind the 

Kallicharran was now 

Warwickshire’s only hope of a 
substantial total He had hardly 
made a mistake, except in some 
erratic running between wickets. 

A J Motes b PaM 


PA Smith binctanore. — 4 

A I KaRcftanan c Radford b Patel — 39 

D L Amtes c Hck b Radford 0 

, 7 


iGWHunpagob PbJbI 
Astt Dkic Rhodes b Newport. 

0 A Thome c Ratal b Radtart . 

AM Ferreira not out 

G J Parsons b Radford 

G C Small not oul 

Boras (lb 3. w 5. not) - 
Total (8 wkts, 60 overs). 

TV afford OW not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-14, 223. 3-24, 4- 

38. 5-58, 665, 7-106. 8-125. 

BOWLING: Radford 12-1-236: Pridgeon 
126-286; Newport 126-19-1; foctanore 
12-1-27-1; Patef 12-2-36-3. 


TS Curtis not out 51 

0 B D’OUvera b Smafl 11 

0 M Smith c Hum page b Ferreira 62 

G A Hick not out 0 

Extras (b 1.1b 5, w 3. nb 4) .13 

Total (2 wkts, 393 overs) 137 

D M Smith. *P A Neale, D N Fatal. IS J 
Rhodes, P J Newport. N V Radford. J D 
Inchmore and A P Prigaon to bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-16, 2-136. 
BOWLING: Smafl 104-28-1; PbreonsS-2- 
216: Ferreira 96664-1; Smith 56-29- Ot 
Thome 164-0; Moles 66-276. 

Umpires: 0 R Shapbend and D G L Evans. 

Threatening once again 

Cub and village cricket by Michael Berry 

Extras (lb 3. w 1, nb 10) 
Total (5wkts) 

- 14 

■G Cook, tO Kpiay- N G B Cook, A Wrtkar 
to bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-15. 2-16. 3-73. 4- 

Edgar, K R Rutherford. J J Crowe, "J V 
Coney. E J Gray. J G Brace**, fT E 
Siam. D A Sttrtng, W Watson. B J Barrett 
Umpires: J H Ha m psh i r e and R A White. 

Stourbridge and Northamp- 
ton Saints are on course to 
maintain the recent trend of 
Midlands success in the Na- 
tional Club championship spon- 
sored by William Younger. 
Since the competition switched 
sponsors from John Haig three 
years ago. Midlands clubs have 
dominated. Shrewsbury lifted 
the title in 1983 and Old Hill 
were champions in both 1984 
and 1985. 

Now Stourbridge, who 

one stage, and their semi-final 
opponents will be Weston-su- 
per-Mare, who scraped home by 
six runs against Richmond, the 
losing skipper. Thomas, making 
a brave but vain attempt to see 
his side through with an un- 
beaten 104. 

In the National Village com- 
petition, sponsored by Norsk 
Hydro, Chaddesley Corbett, 
who tike Stourbridge are from 
Worcestershire, owed their 


in heat of 
the day 

From a Correspondent 
Rotmdnice, Czechoslovakia 

On the sun-dazzled water of 
the rowing, course; gently rip- 
pled by a fight, variable breeze, 
was the scene of some dramatic 
racing and moments of tense 
human emotion as the pro* 
gramme of repechage heals un- 
folded. The temperature was 
well over 30 degrees Celsius. 

; demands on the endur- 

„ . . , - „ quarter-final win over Toft to a 

Bumingham League colleagues magnificent 103 not out from 
of Ola Hill ana Northampton, Rentch. They cracked 99 of their 

Botham back as England miss out 

(Agencies) — Ian Botham re- 
turned lo first-class cricket yes- 
terday with the wickets of Sunil 
Gavaskar and the West Indian. 
Richie Richardson, as England 
lost by 32 runs to a Rest of die 
World XI despite a century by 
Allan Lamb. 

Botham's two for 35 came in 
eleven overs of the charity match 
played before a capacity 4,000 
crowd at Jessop. The Rest of the 

World had made 47 for the loss 
of the West Indies opener, 
Desmond Haynes, dismissed for 
nine, caught by Smith off Rich- 
ard Ellison, before Botham took 
□p the bowling. 

Gavaskar and Gordon 
Greenidge initially gave Bflriwm 
a rough ride as he conceded 29 in 
bis first seven overs, mrimting 
five boundaries. Bat Botham 
struck back, giving away only 

six runs in his last four overs, 
and taking the two wickets — 
that of Richardson being a feat 
he managed only once in the 
winter series in the Caribbean. 

Greg Thomas of Glamorgan 
bowled well, troubling all the 
batsmen with his speed. 
Greenidge. and the Australian 
lest captain, Allan Border for 
the Rest of the World, and Lamb 
for England. 

could even produce the first all- 
Midlands final at Lord's on 
August 23 if both win their 
respective semi-final ties on 
Sunday week. 

Banks, the former Worcester- 
shire player, was the star of 
Stourbridge's eight wicket win al 
Ormsldrk in the quarter-finals, 
his 3 for 20 and 49 not out 
proving crucial contributions, 
and they now host the home 
game against Gmsborough in 
the last four. 

Saints, led by Jones, the 
veteran 44 year-old former 
Middlesex player, overcame 
Stanmore by 33 runs, demite 
being in trouble at 22 for 4 at 

. They cracked 99 of their 
last ten overs and Toft, despite 
87 from Moulding, an ex- 
Oxford University skipper, were 
beaten by 64 runs. 

Forge Valley will be 
Chaddcsley's semi-final oppo- 
nents with Langteybmy ami 
Ynys y g e rwn meeting in the 
other semi-final, Ynysygerwn 
having eliminated Troon three 
times winners in the 1970s and 
losing finalists in 1983, in the 

wari-final* (to be played Sunday, August 
10): Straxtaridge v Gusborough; Weston- 
suMr-Uare vNothampton Safina. 
semi-finals ftp ba played an Sunday. 
m Forge VaSey v Cteddesk* 
Ynysygerum v Langfeytxvy. 

ance of the competitors beyond 
the predictable ordeal of the 
racing.Some crews risked 
elimination from tbe com- 
petition or the chance of a 
in Sunday's final races for 
to I to 6. 

In the men's junior events, 
the coxed pair came fourth out 
of five crews missing the vital 
third place by one length to the 
Argentinian crew, and sadly 
have now been etiminaied. 

The British eight rowed 
courageously and were second 
after 500 metres in their heat, 
half a length behind the West 
German crew, but in the second 
half of the 1,500 metre course, 
the home team, the Greets, 
rowed past the British crew who 
tberhselves were dosing on the 
tiring Germans, but at the line, 
the West Germans held off the 
British onslaught by one second 
to gain the second qualifying 
place for the final Despite the 
bitter disappointment of the 
British boys, they went out 
valiantly and with no disgrace. 

In tbe other heat of the eights, 
the Italian stroke was very 
unlucky to break his oar in the 
second half of the course as the 
crew lay a close third behind the 
United States. The wooden 
handle came apart from the 
plastic and metal loom of the 
oar braving him and his crew 
unable to complete the course 

The men's coxed four and 
double scull performed wen, 
being placed third in their heats 
and thereby reaching Saturday’s 

In the women's junior event, 
none of the British crews 
reached the final and must 
contest Sunday's little finals for 
j laces 7 to 12. The coxed four 
inished last in their heat, some 
five seconds adrift of the crucial 
fourth place, whilst tbe coxless 
pair also finished last some 
lengths behind the fourth-placed 
Czechoslovak crew. 

The double scull narrowly 
missed qualifying for their final. 
Adrienne Gnmsaitcb and Mi- 
chelle Lee fought every 
centimetre of the course but 
could not quite catch the sec- 
ond-placed Swedish rids. The 
British girls were giving away 
several years and stones, for 
Michelle is only 16 and Adri- 
enne 15- 

RESULTSe Repechage: Womeort Juntor 
EvantKOmea Ftoure: 1. Romania. 5mta 
2&9SMC; 8. Britain. 5:4361. Double 
ScuUk 1. E Germany, 5£8.15; Hoatfe 1. 
Romania. 5:41.87; 3, Britain, 

■5533&Owlaae pain: 1. Romania. 
665.11: 6, Britan. 62095. Men's funior 
avertta: Coxed Foots: 1. Romania, 
4:53.13:3, Britain, 54M.15. DouMa «*■* 
Hoot ft: 1, CZBChoafcwahfe. 457.02. Hail 
2: 1. Argentina. 601.38. Heat 3: 1, 
Yugoslavia. *58-94: 3. Britain, 5.-02.46. 
.Coxed Pare 1, E Germany. 52348; 4. 
Britain. 533.76. Bnhta: Heat 1: t. 
Czechoslovakia. 423.69; 3, Britain. 
42562. Heat 2: 1, 


Dickie has 
crown in 
his sights 

While Steve Sims thinks over 
his professional future after 
failing in his bid to win tbe 
British featherweight title for a 
second time, Robert Dickie is 
already lining up the next step in 
his blossoming ring career. 

At 27, Situs must now be 
seriously considering retirement 
after the setback of defeat 
against holder Dickie at Ebbw 
Vale on Wednesday night. But a 
successful first defence for 22 
year-old Dickie should give him 
the chance of a challenge for Jim 
McDonnell's European title if 
he can first beat John Feeney.of 

“I want to win the Lonsdale 
Belt outright in record ilmn and 
then 1 hope to go for the 
European tide." the young 
champion from Swansea, said. 
But asked if he has Barry 
McGuigan, the dethroned world 
champion, in his sights, Dickie 
replied: "111 just take it one fight 
at a time.” 

The hard-hitting Dickie 
halted Sims's challenge in the 
fifth round of a scheduled 12 
rounds contest with the New- 
port boxer unable to beat the 
count after being floored by a 
devastating left to the body. 

He was full of praise for his 
opponent after tbe bout: "Steve 
just keeps coming and is very 
aggressive. He hurt me once or 
twice, but I was prepared to go 
the foil distance if necessary,” 
Dickie said. 


Gilford following 
a winning course; 

David Gilford, the only pre- 
vious winner left in the neio. 
moved comfortably into the last 
eight of the English .a?Jj a “E r 
championship at Hillside, 
Southport, yesterday. He beat 
Geoffrey Birtwell, runner-up in 
the British championship in 
June, by 3 and 2 and then made 
light of what seemed more 
formidable opposition in Steven 
Bmtomley. like Gilford a cur- 
rent England international. 

Bonomley, who on his own 
merit had not had to go beyond 
the 16th in his four previous 
matches, was now cut short at 
the 14th on somebody dses. 
Gilford won by 6 and .4. 
Birtwell, at 41 more than twice 
Gilford's age, won the first hole 
in their fourth round match. But 
It proved to be a felsc dawn and 
four down at the uim left him 
nowhere to go. . 

Bonomley has been m such 
sparkling form an week that his 
encounter with Gilford seemed 
to be the match of the afternoon, 
given extra spice by the contrast 
in their make-ups — Bonomley, 
robust in build and character; 
Gilford freckle-faced, slight and 

By John Hennessy 

But Gilford proved the swan-, 
ger when they came race to face; 
playing his best golf of the week 

and taking full advantage of the 
occasional lapse by his oppo- 
nent He was two under for the 
holes played, if conceded an 
eight-foot putt for a birdie two 
on the treacherous I Oth. 

The only blemish in an other- 
wise impeccable round of golf 
by Gilford was a wayward seven 
iron to the ninth green. He lost 
that bole to a four, but it proved 
only smalt consolation for 
Bottom fey. 

Peier Baker, like Gilford a 
seeded player and incipient 
professional, also took his allot- 
ted place in the sixth round with 
two big wins. In the morning, 
for the second successive time, 
he won by 8 and 7 against the 
hapless Farrell Wieland, the 
match conceded this time on the 
eleventh green rather than the 
eleventh tee. as on Wednesday. 
In the afternoon, he achieved a 
long-awaited revenge when he 
beat tan Spencer by 5 and 3. It 
was Spencer who knocked Baker 
out of the British Boy’s 
Championship the last time 
they met three years ago. 

Slaughter sets the pace 

Ullna (Reuter) - John 
Slaughter of America, and the 
Argentinian, Luis Carbonem 
were tbe early pacemakers at 
three under par. in yesterday’s 
first round of the Scandinavian 
Open golf championship in 

Slaughter completed tbe out- 
ward nine in 33 with the help of 
two birdies and an eagle, and 
Carbonetli, out in 34, drew level 
with a birdie ax the llih. Jose 
Rivero of Spain, the Swede, 
Anders Forsbrand. Mike Clay- 

ton, of Australia, and Britain's 
Derrick Cooper were among 
those on two under par. 

Sandy Lyle, who lost last year 
to the Australian, Ian Baker.-. 
Finch after taking the lead then 
returning 75 in the final round, 
turned in one under par, picking 
up two birdie fours. Craig 
Startler, runner-up to Sam Tor- 
rance in the 1983 event, turned 
in a level par 36, but the 
Australian. Graham Marsh, 
who was last year’s runner-up, 
took 3S on the first nine. 


Brazil will 
play host 
to winners 

Brazil plans lo stage a tour- 
nament in June 1989 for the six 
World Cup winning nations in 
which West Germany, England, 
Italy. Uruguay and Argentina 
will be invited to join Brazil in a 
competition to mark the Brazil- 
ian football federation's 75th 
anniversary. It will be for the 
Joao Havdange Cup, named 
after the Brazilian president of 
the International Football 

The event would give top 
teams an opportunity to meet 
each other before the 1990 Cup 
finals in Italy. FIFA’s executive 
committee will be asked to 
approve the tournament at a 
meeting in December. 

The proposed schedule is: 
June 3, Italy v Argentina in Sao 
Paulo; June 4, Brazil v England 
in Rio de Janeiro; June 5, West 
Germany v Argentina m Minas 
Geniis; June 6, England v 
Uruguay in Salvador; June 7, 
Italy v West Germany in Porto 
Alegre; June8, Brazil vUruguay 
in Sao .Paulo; June 10, Third- 
place match in Recife; June 1 1. 
Final in Rio de 

• Littlewoods. new sponsors 
of the League Cup, are giving 
Boys’ Clubs the chance to play 
m front of 100,000 Wembley 
fens. The pools company are 
backing a five-a-side com- 
petition for the 2,000 NABC 
members with the climax being 
staged at Wembley on Sunday, 
April 5 before the Littlewoods 
Challenge Cup final. 

• lan McNeill, one of the key 
figures in Chelsea's rise to 
prominence in recent seasons, 
yesterday resigned as their assis- 
tani manager. McNeill, aged 54, 
joined Chelsea as number two to 
John Neal in 1981, and tbe pair 
steered the dub out. of tbe 
second division. 

But his duties were greatly 
reduced under John Hollins's 
managership, and McNeill 
admitted: "John and I were not 
absolutely on the same wave- 
length. I am disappointed at 
how things have turned ouL I'll 
take a break now. but I would 
like to return lo the game." 

• Former Aston Villa and 
Nottingham . Forest full-back 
Ken Swain, aged 34, is second 
division Portsmouth's new 
team captain, replacing midfield 
player Mick Kennedy. 


Rugby to 

the States 

Sydney (AP) - Professional 
Rugby League is lo be launched 
in the United States next year. 
Ken Arthurson, the Australian 
Rugby League president, said 
yesteraay that his organization 
had opened negotiations to stage 
a match between New South 
Wales and Queensland at Gi- 
ants Stadium in New Jersey in 
October 1987. 

The league is seeking the 
assistance of the Australian 
Government m marketing the 
venture. Rugby League is al- 
ready played on an amateur 
basis in Oregon. 

YACHTING: Great Britain 
have won the 505 world 
championship title after a 
seven-year period of domina- 
tion by the United States and 
Australia. The Swedish pair of 
Krister Bergstrom and Magnus 
Holmberg heeded only to finish 
in the first 10 in the final race of 
the series yesterday to clinch the 
world title but could not do so. 
Meanwhile. Peter Colciough 
and Harold Barnes, lying second 
overall before the race began, 
displayed faultless match racing 
skills to win and push the 
Swedes into the runner-ups 

BOXING: Lloyd Honeyghan. 
tbe Jamaican-born British 
boxer, has said that be is gftd 
Donald Curry, tbe undisputed 
world welterweight champion, 
whom he is to meet in Atlantic 
Gty. New Jersey, on September 
27 tn a match scheduled fix' 12 
rounds, has decided, to delay 
moving up to junior 

“I heard he was moving up to 
junior middleweight and Fm 
happy he's not done that," 
Honeyghan said. “IThe did that, 
Fd have to fight someone else. 
He's the best welterweight in the 
world and I want to beat the best 
to be considered champion." 
Curry is unbeaten in 25 pro- 
fessional bouts and Honeyghan 
unbeaten in 27-0. Honeyghan 
earned the World Boxing 
Council's number one ranking 
with an eighth-round victory 
over Horace Sh afford, of the 
United States, in May. Curry 
aims to get a match against Ihe 
undisputed middleweight cham- 
pion, Marvellous Marvin 
Hagler, by the autumn of 1987. 



NatWest Trophy 
Quart er-fina l 

LEICESTER: Leicestershire 

Tear match 

NORT HAW* I ON? Northampton- 
shire v New Zealanders 

Other match 
JESMOND: One-day: 

Rest of World XI 


Top riders out 
of world race 

Brussels {AP) — Eddy 
Planckacrt and Eric 
Vanderaerden. two of Belgium's 
top professional cyclists, will 
not join the Belgian team for the 
world cycling championships 
that begin on September 6 in 
Colorado Springs, Colorado. 

Eddy Merckx, team leader, 
said yesterday, that 
Vanderaerden. a member of the 
team of Peter Post, has to race in 
the Dutch tour first and can only 
leave for Colorado on August 24 
at tiie eariicsL “That is one week 
too late,** the former Belgian 
cycling ace and five-lime Tour 
dc France winner, said. He said 
he wants his team in Colorado 
three weeks before the start of 
the world championships Tor 
high altitude training. 

Vanderaerden won the 'green 
jersey* in the this year’s Tour de 
France for being the 
competition's best sprinte 




ROVERETO(l&>y).5J)OOas 1. S Aouta IMort. 
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JUHBttCAN UEMSUE; Mftnuhwi Brawn 5. 
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Cleveland Irefcws 3; CMeago Whm So* 7. 
Boston Rad So* Z Toronto Blue Jm 7_ 
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FIFE CUP: Bani-flnal: Dunt a niri n a 5. 
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SOVIET LEAGUE: Dynamo MraA I. Dynamo 
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CATT0UCA, Italy: Placet Cup (244km): 1. G 
Bartampi. Bhr i9mn 53sec 2 B Leak: 2 0 
Barancnah 4. FVanmicoc 5. G Bugmi 6. M 
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fAsiifemdmibt M England (PrestatynL 4 and 
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Casual tx M H Peraua (Holyhead). 2 and 1 : K 
H Whams (Norm WMesl tx J N Lea (The 
Army). 2 and 1: D McLain (HOMtetf) H P 
Sykes (Pontypnckfl. 19th tide: B R Kmoht 
(Wtnnhurcn) DC W S Owen (CanM. 1 hdftG 
A Maura (Maesdu) ta A Uyr (Bui Bay). 2 
holas. M W Cahatt (Aberystwyth) MOM 
Samson (Ashbumnami. 3 andz 
MBBE: TtaBH h a us e Forte PGA Sadoia chaw 
p totnhlp: Rmt lorn* 7ft P Shanta (St 

MASramw (New Zealand): Wanapa- 
Busn 6, Ausbatons 18- 


UMSHNOTON: Second ramt J Anwa (Sat 
Sundsrom fewe). W. 6*2: A KnchsSn (USS 





MERE name use rata pga Sadoractaw urtasi stated): SaesMiiNHxH 
pawhlg. Bas_ raumii 7ft P 8kar»1g (St h k Jordan. 46. 7-6. 6 - 1 . ! 
Anneal. 71 Fartank (SAL 16. 0-4. 6ft C 

7E: G GlBtfNi (west Sussex): W heesor argn. 6-^76: 0 Njgofcwi W 

SOFIA: World ehanpionsiXpft Women's ton 
teem cotaxdtton: Hnat Sonet Union bt Italy 
96. IMd piece: West Germany ta Pound ^ 
A. FiMi ptsoa: East Germany MCrtna 9-7. 

’r R Was) (AtatnchamL 78; 
79b E Crabtree 

(Semen GaiewL ' . 

A G*es (Dunham Forest). 

(Phoenix). D Sna* (UWttft M Santa 
(Wrtmigirt; J Myntar (Balycagla). 

FLERUIG PARK: Eeattalah Oesslo wainerre 


ta 6 Scene. 6-4. 7-6. 

HH-VEBSUM (Nettieriant M i 
11 — ant Second round: M uacr 

BkrarlCD. 64. 66; P tens (It) bt J-W Loddar 

46. 03. &4-.M Vada (Cz) M R r 
7-6. 6-4. OamtartadK Sand . . 

(Cz). 6-3. 6-4: MB&ekta Cana. 6*4, 


KNOCKOUT CUP: Posipdn ad: Cwattay V 
ShcMeki itradi watartogtyad). 

NATIONAL LEAGUE wStaedOn 36. StOfttt 


SiaTLEY LAKES, LtacotePnMarttal Etso- 
pesc chanplenrtite Women's stolon final 
guoMer* 1 usTk Morse (08) and P 
Retorts (GB). 2 few* sM3 metres; 3 epoBl, 
MJ» SetonwriFr) andG Sarnia pj. 3 Ml*: 
5. HKfMlMkr ffiweL 8 Bt 18: 0. C 
Gusenbauer (Aus&taL 4 at 16: 7 OQuaL N 
Rounota* (USSR) and M f 



tin ROCHEUE Worth 309 1 
stith race: l.C Lewis and R Pea rsf 

Ota G Gartner (Aus): 3 , H Hanttn 
and S Glaser (US): 4. J Bergstnm and 8 
Zadxsson I Swat 5. J Braun and B Kenney 
Onraft 1. P Oofcbugh and H Barnes 
34001 M H CW tajj 

. «ges taMGerajiitr. 55: 5. D BtsaSdoro 
and T mods (Aib). 60.6. 
TIM race: 1. 2600 Rooster. D Godceflfl 
fiarday SO: 2. 2835 Fizzy and Dizzy. J 
u ■ “ - .SCk3MtGrayUnGM.P 
(Emberton Park. SC). Fourth nee: 1. 
2900 Roosear. O CocfeartA {Barony sat. 2- 

^306 Bbg | 

2852 Drunk and I 

SO: a 

QUEEN MARY SC Lerabanl Contaiamta 
Tatar WartO and UK rtiainii<inilil|ia Rfft 
raw 1 , C McKsa (21. Santde yS<; 2 . m 

I x R 

EXMOUTKItaitanl UdMreleMWpatPMh 
poHtaiaea (Borough at Scartarough Cupt 1. 
Mr 8n (Steve Sta£. J Ortum^. Bcyda 

KINGHOflN, File: British Graduate 
chaptamMp : FBtti race: 1. Stan Monday (R 
Haydan. Crosby SCK 2. Roaster (DOockenl. 
Bartlay SQ; 3. Jam. Sponge. (C Braxhula. 
OOSOy SO, QvarataJ. Bhtt Monday. 55pts; 
a Roostar^&5: 3. Fizzy Dizzy (j Buinm. 


t tena l oh a m ptefa»ite a :ltoBilnfliaca:AHaat 

1. P Burma (Ausfc £ C Burttan (WdtaKft 3 . P 
Him (Aud . B Fleet L T Bayiss frames), ft 
J Ln Exek 3. B Mtea gemNNL AtteRMta 
meat 1. PBiatiol (Ausy.2, PWyaaiAus): 3 . C 
Button (AtateKft B Fleet 1 . T Bayftss 
(Tamest^: 2. 8 \km (Tameab}; 3, J Lea 

Second XI championship 

t®YWoott Lancafhka II v DdibysMra a. 

SOumENDe Ken n Z7D (D Sabttw B51 am 

120 for 4 ICS Cowdrey 6ffl; Essex 6312 

torg dec (G Trtmfcta BB, iSmtpatti 79L 


CYCLMQ: National track champkmrtifos 

GOLF: Engbsh amateur championship (Bt 
Hfltaide); women's Bloor Homes dasOc 
(at RenVna Park): English Gkts' doaa 
snateur diampKnsMp (at Huddersflald 
GC). — 

LAWN TBMSc Northumberland senior 
open tournament (at Narthumbettand 


CROQUET; Ipswtch toranainafiL _ 

_ . POLO: Cowtttay Park C h adet i g B Cup- 

England v water skbnQ: Europem champion* 
Ships (talhorpa-otMhe-W. Lincoln). 



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Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

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6.00 Ceefax AM. News 

headlines, weather, travel 
and sports bulletins. . 

SJO BreaWwtTIiiw with Sue 
Cook and Guy 
" Mhstielmore. Weather at 

-, 7.55,8J5aitd 

-- 8,55; regional news, 

:** weather and traffic at 657, 
Vf 7J27, 7JB7 and BJT; 

rational and international. 

news at 7.00, 7.30, 8.00, 

— ■ 8 JO and 9J0; sport at 
7 JO ai?d 8-20; pop music . 
-r newsat 7J2;and a review 
j> of the morning 
^ ■ newspapers at BJ7. Plus, 
Alan Titchmarsh with 
gardening advice; GSyrm - 

- Christian with the 
'weekend's best food buys; 

** and the latest news from 
7. Games in Edinburgh. - 

6.15 Good Homing Britain' 
presented by Anne 
Diamond and Nick Owen. 
News with Gordon 
Honeycomb® at 6JQ, 7 JO, 

7 JO, 84)0, £30 and &S% 
financial news at 6J5; 
sport at 6.40 and 7J5; 
exercises at 6J5; cartoon 
at 7 Jtss pop musk; at 7 J5; 
television tyghftjhts at 

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- Gam— Introduced by 
■ Desmond Lynam. Eight 
and a had hours coverage, 

main events of the day are 
the Men’s and Women's. - 
marathons. The men start 
at 11.00, the winner due a 
fittie after 1J0; the women 
start at 11.30, their winner 

zlSu^ftheffnais of the 
pole vault. Women's long 
Jump and high jump; Men's 
discus; Women’s 1 00m 
hurdles; and the heats In 
the relays and Men's and 
Women's 1 500m. Other 
events covered Include 
bowls, badminton, 

Timmy Maiett whose 
special guest is England 
footballer, Gary Stevens. 

9J5 Thames news headlines 
- followed by wad, WM 
Woild of Animals, The 
animals that have the 

facility to fish, (r) 9*50 ' 

MBm. Seda) about a young 
Laplander delivering a 
reindeer to the Paris Zoo 
10JQ Boy of Bombay. Ufa 
in urban India, (r) 10J5 
LBtte House on the - 

. Ptakie. (r) T1J5 

Courageous Cat Cartoon. 

11 JO About Britain. Michael - 
Duffy explores the cashes 
along the Ulster Way. 
1200 TMttne and CiaudUL (r) 
1210 Rainbow. Learning 
made interesting by 


• My thanks to Tony 
Stsveacre, producer of THE 

10.20pm) for reminding methat It 
was a jaundiced writer In 

Punch who defined a gentleman 
as someone who couw play 
the saxophone but ddhx It is . 
however, for other and more 
visual reasons that the quartet 
who fifi 40 minutes wBh brass 
playing in tonight's light 
entertainment spot, are most 
certainly not gentlemen. They 
happen to be woman. Two of 
than, the Lane sisters, can be 
seen on the left You must 
take my word for it that the 
remaining two. Karen Street 


Instruments (like the French 
horn} that was not bom to be 
loved but has to work hard to 
earn our affection. Oearty aware 
of this fact, The Faker Sax 
don’t just sit there, playing their 
Scott Joplin or Debussy or 
Bach, but they get up and move 
about in easy dance patterns 
that would have bored Busby 
Berkeley to death but are the 
very most you can expect from 
four lades who have to carry 
a lot of brass around with them 
as they make their music. 
Devotees of the sax wB be 

weekend, make a special note of 
three fine films. Chaplin's City 
LAxfcte tomorrow, 8BC2, 

Lights (tomorrow, 

4.55pm). George Stevens's 
immensely human Western 

Shane (tomorrow, BBC2! 
8.40pm) and John Huston's 7ha 
Treasure of the Sierra Madrs 
(Sunday, BBC2, lOJObm). Fans 
of Allan Ayckbourn wn 
rejoice to near that B8C2 Is 

Absent frfenefc. with a strong 
cast that includes. Tom 
Courtenay and Julia McKenzie ( 
Sunday, 7.15pm). 

• Radio highlights today: 

' 6.00 News with Nicholas 

v WitchaH andPhffro Hayton. 

* C Weather. 

*• n.‘ 235 London Phis. 

TjOO Wogan. TontahfS guests 
indude Paul McCartney, 
end Miles Copeland, 
manager of the pop group, 
- • PoBce. Pios, a song from 

Daryl Hall 
, 7.40 No Place LBre Home. 

lN BRIP» - • Arthur, depressed at being 

unable, to oust his adult 

_ . children from the house, 
iirvk. decides to sell the 


, wife. But the plan misfires 

CfA til when the children. 

Hv U| outraged at their father's 

ri ploy, leave home, taking 

3 W+fli their mother with them. 

l kJiiil » Starrtog Willam Gaunt and 
V Patricia Garwood, (r) 

the Stai 

The free courses available 
tothosa thinking of setting 
up tfwrir own businesses. 

1.00 News atone with Carol 
Barnes 1 JO Thames 

1J0 FBm: Isn’t Lite 

Wonderful? (1952) 
starrmg Cedi Parker and 
Donald Wotfit Comedy 
about an Edwardian famfly 
facing two problems - the 
mechanical age and a 
drunken unde. Directed by 
Harold French. SJOTake 
the Mgh Road 3JS 
Thames news headSnes 
3L30 Sons and Daughters. 

4.00 Rainbow. A repeat of the 
' programme shown at 

1 210 4.15 The Moomlns. 
Cartoon series, (r) 4J5 
Scooby-Doo. Cartoon. 
4A6 From the Top- 
Comedy serial starring BS 

5.15 The Parlour Game, 


•i. £-10 The Colby*. Miles Is ina 
depressed stale, and no 

■ -Z wonder. Not only has he ■. 

been crossed in love by ' 
the girl othis dreams but 
to aad insult to Injury, she 
■. is to be manrfed to Jeff In - - 

the family house. Miles’s 
•• mother has been forced to 
" organise the event m ... 
exchange for preserving 
her shaky marriage anaat 
• the same time keep her 

' ~ distraught son in a sane • 

' ’, frame of mind, fending off 

the attentions of Zach, and 
keeping sister Francesca 

■ ■ seems, even with rich 

Americans, a woman’s ' '■ 

’ work is irevqr done. - 

. ' Starring Stephanr*. e ! , 

• Z. Beachant Cnanton 

* - : Hestdn,'Barbara Stanwyck 

• ** * and Katharine Ross. 

'V-_‘ (Ceefax) 

• • 9.00 NewswflthJohn Humphrya 

and Andrew Harvey. •• - 
-t "■ RegionaT newsana 
„ y weather. ■ - 
•— --230 xm Commonwealth 
... >’■ ■ Games, introdueed by ■ 

■ . Desmond Lynam. 

. Highflghts of the day's 

. events including the 
marathons; the finals from 
the boxing, bowls and 
badminton events; reports 
on shooting and the finals 

• ofthevvreaHng.fCeetax) 

' ’ 1200 FtfaK Hunter (1971) 

• y„ ■ starring John Vernon, 

Steve Innat Fritz Weavw 
- and Edward Blnns. A 
' made-for-televislon drama 
about an enemy plot to . 

, . brainwash a United States 

... ‘ ' agent A tortudfous 

7 '■ racetrack crash reveals 

the plan and the agent Is 
. .'y substituted by another 
"• 1. * with a unique fadfity for 
' * ■*' impersonatioa He 

discovers that adeadty 
- virus is to be released on 

■ ’ an unsuspecting American 

- . public. Directed by 

•• Leonard Horn. 

- 1.10 Weather. . . 

m <\:n*- 

MtMf «:*?• ‘ ‘ 

» rbr ;w 

• *** 

I* wti- - 


. eitet I *** • 

Ik tem*’ 
Ite fb*--' v -~ 

■ Mar red-* 

IW. N* 1 l w: ■’ 

rta#r =f -■ 

am f* ’i- 5 '’ *“• * 

4 l» n kV- f " 

riU " ■ ” 

Games grandparents 
enjoyed played by Liza 
Goddaroi Anted Marks, 
Bonnie Langford, Hugh 
Laurie, Barbara KeBy and 
Brian Cant ' 

&AS News with Atastair 
Stewart 8.00 Thames 
Weekend News. 

6.1S Police 5. 

6J0 City Safari; The Bill and 
the Butterfly Bush- The 
• story of the flowering of' 
the bomb-sites and the 
species that made them 
their home including exotic 
moths, goldfinches and ■ . 
kestrels. Plus, how the 
building of the Brent Cross 
SlK^pmg Centre created 
a haven for wildlife. 

7 JO FBnt Please Sirl (1971) 

. starring John AMerton. A- 
big screen version of the 
.. . . television comedy series 
. about the staff and pupBs 
. of Farm Street School - 

Directed by Mark Stuart. 

9J0 The Practice. Drama serial 
set-in a modem Midland's 
medical centre. (Oracle) 
1030 SpttUmi tmag*. Highlights 
• fiom mesafirics^ comedy 
series.' FoHwv6dl?yLWi 
' News headflnes. " 

11 JO Robert Radford Wfc* to 
Melvyn Bragg about 
Onflnary People. A repeat 
of the interview shown In 
1981 in which Redford 
talks about the film 
Ordinary People which 
marked his editorial debut 
and is to be shown ■ 
tomorrow evening on this 
channeL • 

11.35 Fane Sweeney! (1976) • 

starring John Thaw and 
Dennis Waterman. The 
two Flying Squad 
detectives investigate a 
conspiracy against the 

i GabrieOe aad Ane-Loirise Lane 
Fairer Sax, BBC2, lOJDpm 

6-55 Open University: 

Mussofinr with Knickers 

720 Weekend Outiook. 
Ends at 7 JS. 

9J0 The PMc Panther Show, 
fr) 215 Dudtey Do-Right 
Cartoon. 92SRecord 
Breakers, (r) 

250 Newsraund presented by 
John Craven 255 The 

* Adventures of BidhrinUe 
and Rocky. Part nine (r) 
10J0 Why Don’t You~ 
Diverting ideas for 
youngsters, (r) 1025 The 
Adventure* of BudwinkJe 
end Rocky. Part ten. (r) 
1020 Play School (r) 
1020 Ceefax. 

1 JO News After Noon with 
Frances Coverdale arto 
Sue Carpenter, indudes 
news heacffines with 
subtitles 125 Regional 
news and weatherT JO 
Hokey Cokey, fr) 1 j 45 
UmbreSa. An award- 
winning documentary 
about toe different uses of 
umbreflas throughout the 
world, (r) 

215 Glorious Goodwood. 
Julian Wilson introduces 
' coverage of the 220, 3.00, 
320 (The Extol Stakes) 

.- and the 4.10 races. 423 
Regional news. 

425 The Roman Hofidays. 
Cartoon series. 445 Heidi 
Drama serial (r) 5.10 
- Ftens. More dramas from 
New York's School for the 
Performing Arts. It) 

6J0 XIII Commonwealth 
Games. The finals of the 
boxing, badminton and 
bowls competitions. 

720 Ebony. The first of a new 
series, introduced by 
. Vastiana Betfon with Dbde 
Pemto. There is a report 
on Sickle Cell Anaemia 
andtvghlights from an At- 
Star Gala maid of 
research into the disease. 

8J0 The Great Egg Race, 
presented by Heinz Wolff. 
On Brancastar Sands, 
Norfolk, three teams, 
representing SKF 
Engineering, Newport 
■ Pagnefl; HCI Rocksavage. 
Runcorn; and Emergency 
Exit Arts of Yorkshire and 
' London, each have to 
. construct a wave-powered 

* . - -r machine capabteof . 
hoisting a flag. 

230 Oardenefs' World. How to 
take softMfood and semi- 
.. ripe cuttings anq how to 
buBd a do-it-yourself 
propagator are among the 
tasks tackled 

200 My Musieu lighthearted 

230 TheHewngAitorChineae 
TradtionaJ Medldne 
filmed at the College of 

• Traditional Medicine in 
Chengdu, Sechuan, and 
on Mount Ermei, the holy 
Buddhist mountain. 

and Beverley Catiand, are no less content just to feten to The 
easy on the eye than their Fairer Sax. Others wffl find there 

music is on the ear. YetJ know are alternative attractions on 
there wfl be some who wU offer, such as Teddy WBBams’s 

say that four sax players, mood-enhancing lighting, 

grouped, are four too many. •Looking ahead to the 

220 Tom Philips. An 

examination of the artists 
work with the artist htmseff 

325 AjJsnAiia. Part five of the 
seven-programme series 
on the work of Asian 
artists resident In Britain 
Includes Harms! Kukam, a 
dancer with Bask: Space 
Danoe Company in 

4.15 A Day ai Wtiton's. Jack 
Doi^as tours the old East 
End of London music ban. 
now In the process of 
refurbishment and recalls 
his days in the 
entertainment business. 

420 Dancai* Dsys> An 
important decision is 
made by Carlos and Julia. 

520 Car 52 Where Are You?" 
Vintage American comedy 
series starring Fred 
Gwynne and Joe E Ross 
as two New York 
policemen, this week 
trying to convince a lady 
that she should wait until 
her apartment is 
completed before she 
moves Into the place. 

520 ZTT- the Value of 

Entert ai nment A concert 
recorded at the 
Ambassadors Theatre In 
May last year. 

215 RevkL Video review show. 

230 Sofid SouL This week’s 
guests include Nova 
Casper, Anita Baker, and 

7 JO Channel Four nows with 
Peter Sissons and 
Nicholas Owen includes a 

special report on the 

future of the 

Commonwealth. Weather. 

720 Book Choice. Jeremy 
CheTfes discusses How to 
Talk to Your Animals, by 
Jean Craighead George. ' 

200 What the Papers Say. 

Paul Fbot or The Mirror 
reviews how the Press has 
treated the week's news. 

215 Looks FsmEsr. Benny 
Green, Marian. 
MontgomeiyandNed . 
SherfkL witn Denis 
Norden, reminisce about 
tiie entertainers and 
- e n tert ainm ent s of the 
Thirties and Forties. 

9J0~T!ra Cosby Slow. The 
Huxtable randy overcome 
their fear of the dentist by 
• paying a visit to an 

( Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. VHF variations at 
end . 

525 SNpptng. 200 News Briefing; 
Weather. 210 Ftembig. 

230 Today, ind 622 720. 

230 news. 245 Business 
News. 625, 725 Weather. 
722 200 News. 72S. 

825 Sport 7-45 Thought for 
the Day. 825 Yesterday 
in P a rl ia ment. 820 Letters. 

8.57 Weather; TraveL 

920 News 

S25 Desert Island Discs. 

Roger Vadim, the French 
writer and director, is the 
castaway (r) 

925 In Keeping with Tradition. 
Ann Dim, a level- 
crossing keeper in 
Northumberland, tafts to 
Keith Alton. 

1020 News; Int e rn a tional 
Assignment. BBC 
correspondents report from 
around the world. 

1020 Momtra Story: Skeleton 
in the Clipboard, by Tony 
Wifmot. Header: Noel 

1245 Daly Service (New Every 
Morning, page 50) (s) 

11.00 News; Travel; Wiki 
Justice. Dramatized 
account of the impeachment 
of warren Hastings, ex- 

Edward de Souza plays 
Hastings, with T P McKenna 
as Edmund Burke (rXs) 
11.48 Youthful. Rural and 


We Kelp? 


n law and order. 
MacDonald before a five 
audience in Leeds. 

1227 DontStop Now- It's 
Fundation. Comedy 
cabaret (s). 1225 Weather 
120 The World at One: News 
120 The Archers. 125 

^ ra™,' sHour. 

How Scots law differs 

from English 
News; The Li 

320 News; The Light That 
Failed, by Rudyard - 
Kipling, dramatized in 3 parts 

( 2 ) tr)(s) 

420 News • 

4.05 J Kingston Platt 

remembers a lifetime in 
showbusmess. With Peter 

Piano Concerto No 13ln the 
Prom (Radio 3. 7.00pm). and 
Peter Jones (lot credited but 
unmistakable) In J. Kingston Ptatt 
(Radio 4, 4.05pm). 

Peter Davalle 

*30 Irish Aits Week. The 

story of publishing hi 

Northern Ireland, currently a 

boom Industry. 

520 PM. News magazine. 

520 Shipping. 525 

620 News; Financial Report 
620 Waterfines. Series abcut 
events and sporting 
activities in. on or under the 
water. With Cliff 
Michotonore and Wfy Bartow. 
720 News 
725 The Archers 
720 Pick ot the Week. Simon 
Bates with highlights of 
the past week's programmes 
on BBC radio and 

820 Law in Action. With 
Joshua Rosenberg. 

245 Devon Journey. With 
Tom Salmon. 

230 Letter from America, by 
Alistair Cooka. 

245 Irish Arts Week. Seamus 
McKee examines the 
efiffteumes faced by the Arts 
Council of Northern 
Ireland tn seeking to 
transcend sectarian 

1215 A Book at Bedtime: 

Under a Monsoon Cloud, 
byHRF Keating ffiL Read 
by Sam Dastor. 1029 

1230 The Worid Tonight 
1120 Today In Parliament 
11.15 The Rnandal World 

1120 Week Ending (s) A 
satirical review. 

12J0 News: Weather. 1223 

VHF (available in England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except 525220 am 
Weather; TraveL 125- 
- 220pm Listening Comer. 
520-525 PM (continued). 

C Radio 3 ) 

G25 Open University. Until 
625am. Maths 
Foundation Tutorial 
On medium wave: - 
625 Weather. 720 News 
725 Concert Mozart (Flute 
Quartet in A, K 292 with 
Barthold Kuipcen, flute), 
Deodat de Severac (Sous 
les la uriere roses: 
C*ccoM,pteno). Spohr 
(Variations on Je suis encore 
dans mon printemps; 

Drake, harp). Strauss (Duet- 
Concertino with Shifrin 
(clarinet) and Munday 

(bassoon). 200 News 
2 05 Haydn (Missa Brevis in 
F. H XXH I), Couperin 
(La Suhane, wrilh Reinhard 
Goebel, violin), Arnold 
(Brass Quintet)., Roussel 
(Pour one fete de 
printemps). 200 News 
205 This week’s Composer: 
Paganini. Sonata No 8 in 
G (Ranforow and Gifford). 

‘ Liszt (Paganini Studies 
No 5 ana & Oussetptano), 
Paganini (Violin Concerto 
No 5: unto Accardo) 

1200 Haydn and Janacek: 
Brodsky String Quartet. 
Raydn (B flat Quartet Op 76 
No 4), Janacek (String 
Quartet Noi) 

10-45 Lanaham Chamber 
Orchestra (under 
Shipway. SBselius (Suite 
champetre), Theodora kig 

11.00 Scriabin Piano Sonatas: 
Boris Berman plays the 
No 6 in G and me No 7 on F 

1125 Couperin: Concert Royal 
No l In G. and Nouveau 
Concert in E (Ritratto 

1127 News. 1220 Closedown. 

Radio 2 

Offenbach (Serenade in 

11.25 Pierre Reach: piano 
redial. Franck 
IPreluda.Chorale, Fugue). 
Messiaen (Regard de 
resprit dejotej 

1125 Pied Piper life of BerfkJZ. 
by the tots David Munrow 

12.15 Hade Orchestra (under 
Lynn Harrell (cailo). Part one. 
Beethoven (Coriolan 
overtime). Haydn (Ceflo 
Concerto in D major). 

1 20 News 

125 Concert (contri): 

Bruckner (Symphony No 

220 More Penge Papers: by. 
and with, Brian Wright (5) 

2.20 Stravinsky: SNO under 
Gibson play the 
Symphony inC 

225 Beethoven: Frank! 

(piano), Pauk (violin), 
Kirshbaum (cello). Cello 
Sonata in G minor, Op 5 
No 2; Piano Trio in E flat 
major, Op 70 No 2 

420 Choral Evensong: from 

York Minster. 425 News ’ 

520 Mainly for Pleasure: with 
David Hoult 

620 Guitar music: John Mite 
plays works by Maria 
Esteban de Valera, Ponca. 
Haug and Rutter 
(including Prelude antique) 

720 Proms 8&Northam 
Slrrforta (under 
Boettcher and Benjamin), 
with Teresa Cahll 
(soprano). Imogen Cooper 
(piano).Part one. Wolf 
(Italian Serenade), Mozart 
(Concert aria: Ch’io ml 
sconfi efi te ?), Mozart (Piano 
Concerto No 13) 

720 A Fine Town to Roam In: 
tribute to Newcastle 
upon Tyne, compiled by Sue 
Limb and Anthony 

210 Proms 88: part two. 

George Benjamin (A 
Mind of Winter) , Mozart 
(Symphony No 31} 

620 Savannah Bay: Irene 
Worth and Helen Mirren 
in the two-hander by 
Marguerite Duras (r) 

9.45 Proms 88: BBC Singers. 
Bruckner (Christos 
factus est Vlrga Jesse), 
Casken (To fields we do 
not know). Giles Swayne 
(Missa Tiburt&ia). ana 
WoH ( Sechs geistllche 

On medium wave. See Radio 1 
for VHF variations 
News on the hour. 

Commonwealth Games reporters 
at 1202 am, 11.02, 1222 pm, 

420 Cherias Nove (s)5J0 Ray 
Moore (s) 7 jo Derek Jameson (s) 
230 Teddy Johnson (s) 11.05 
Jimmy Young (e) 1.10 David Jacobs 
(s) 2.00 Commonwealth Games 
Special. Also Racing from 
Goodwood (320 £25,000 Extol 
Slakes) 720 Hubert Gregg (s) 7 JO 
Friday Night is Music Night (s) 

8.45 David Snell at the Piano 9s) 
920 The Organist Entertains 
with Nigel ogden (s) 1020 Vernon 
and Maryetta Mkfoley sing. 

1230 Hinge and Bracket 11.10 
Angela Ripon (stereo from 

midnight) 120 am N 
3JHM20 A Little Nk 

A Little Night Music 

j C Radio 1 ^ 

On medium wave. VHF 

variations at end 

News on the halt hour from 230 

am until B JO pm then 1020 and 12 


530 am Adrian John 720 Mike 
* Smt&rs Breakfast Show 6JO 
Simon Bates 11.00 Radio 1 
Roadshow from Great Yarmouth 
1220 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 12.45 Gaiy Davies 3.00 
Dave Lee Travis 520 Nawsbaat 

David Wicks. 

120 World Chess 

Championship. Kasparov 
v Karpov, in London. 

120 Johnny Cash in San 
Quentin. A concert 
recorded ini 969. (r) 

2J0 Night Thoughts. 

1020 The Fafrer Sax. Music < 

spanning three centuries I 
played a quartet of 
female saxophonists- i 

Arme-Louise and GabrieUe ] 
lane (soprano and alto). 
Karen Street (tenor), and 
Beverley CaHand 
(baritone), (see Choice) 
11.00 Newsntaht 11.45 Weather 
1120 FUm: fri Thls Our Life* 

(1942) starring Bette Davis 
and Olivia deHavIBand. A 
melodramatic tale of a 
spiteful sister who tries 
her best to rain her 
sister’s relationships with 
. others. Directed by John 
Huston. Ends at 122 

Starring Bifi Cosby and, - 
this evening, Danny Kaye. 4 
9J0 Whet Do Those OM Fima 
Mem? This third in the 
series on the early days of 
dnema around the world 
examines the output from- 

1200 Golden Giris. The first of a 
new sitcom series from 
the United States. Bee 
Arthur, Betty White, Rue 
McClanahan and Estelle 
Getty star as four single 
women who share a 
house in Miami. (Ckacie) 

1230 Budgie. The petty crook is 
on the run from both the 
police and Charfie Endefl. 
Who wilt catch Mm first? 


BORDER $£S££sSEt .. 

10l 25 Profegor Kicel tOJONova 
112SP1120 Max the Mouse 120pm 
News 120 FSre The HlngarSJO- 
400 Young Doctor* Sporting 
All Stars 6C0 LooJorcxfid SJ0 take 
.920 Fmc Cany On Again Doctor 
1120 The lorn's Good Town 1120Spe' 
dal Squad IZSOapi Ctoeodowa 

S4C 120 Oandn' Days 120 Sea 
War 2JW Storl Sbr,2.16 inwrvN 
i2S0Flnt Distant Drums 440 i 

CSdwgan 455 Ar Y Craniau 525 MkwPi 
530 Ar YCteiaiau Z20Naww»kn 
'Sakh730 SteabangUtO YByd ar 
' Badwarfl20 PWu 'Mfawn215Mt» 

< and ABs 945 TbePrlcB 1145 Arctile 
Bunker's Place 1235m Closedown. 

I 1 1 *ii q ; 

Fflm; The Lost THbe 
(1983) starring John Bach. 
A thriller about a man 
searching for his twin 
brother who has 
disappeared in New 
Zealand's remote 
Fiordland while searching 

for the remains ot the 
region's mysterious Lost 
T r ibe. Directed by John 
Lalng. Ends at 1.12 


TVMC T FFC AS London bx- 
920 Sosatna Street 1025-1120 
Sammy Davto Jnr 120pm News 125 
Lodoroind 1J0 Him: Cat and 
Mouse 5.16-545 Now You See It 920 
Northern Life 620 Ma A My Girt 720 
ASxon Market 720-920 Fare Mutiny on 
the Buses 1120 TX 45 1220 At Lost. 

ITs Mite ESott 1220 Robert Redlonl 
125 Countryside Christian, 


Scottish ffisar 

Beathalcfwan Neonach 920 Cartoon 
1020 IncreAla HtA 1025 Captain Scar- 
,lot 1050-113® Knigw Rater 120- 
320 Rlnt Malta Story 5-15-545 
Connections 620 News and Scot- 
land Today 820 Whose Baby? 720 AM- 
on Market 720*920 F9 kk Mutiny on 
the Buses 1125 Lata Can 1140TJ 
Hookar 1240am Closadown. 


920 Rotatory 10.15 Sea Urtfilns 
1040 This is Me 1120-1120 Survival 
120pm News 120-320 Rm: The Lit- 
Ue Mermaid 5.15-545 Mr Smith 540 
News 720 AMrniMartet 720-920 
Fane Mufany on the Bines 11.15 Rim: The 
Witches 1.15am Jobfinder 2.15 


Games 1020-12.00 The Friday 
Rock Show with Tommy Vance (sL 
VHF RADIOS 1 & 2:420 am As 
Radio 2. 10.00 As Radio 1. 1220- 
420 am As Radio 2. 


520 Ntwadaak! uo Manonn 7.00 
News. 7.09 Twenty For Hours. 720 
Decade of Hits. 7.45 Soonsworu. 8.00 
News. 929 Redactions. 8.15 PhHip Jones 
Brass EnsamOte. 530 Music Now. 920 
News. 929 Review of British Press. 8.15 
World Today. 920 Financial News. 940 
Look Ahead 945 Tima Machme. 1020 
Nam. 1021 New waves on Shortwave. 

10.15 Merchant Navy Programme. 1120 
News. 1129 News About Bnum 11.15 In 
the Meantime. 11 25 Letter From Northern 
Ireland. 1120 Maridtan. \l.m Radio 
Newsreel. 12.15 Jazz For Tha Asking. 
1245 Sports Roundup. 120 News. 1.A 
Twenty Four Hours. 120 Sportawortd. 
145 Peebles' Chofca. 220 Outlook- 245 
A Perfect Spy. 320 Radio Newsreel. 3.15 
Eccentric Travellers. 420 News. 429 
Commentary. 4.15 Sponswodd. 545 
Sports Roundup. 745 About Britain. 520 
News. 529 Twenty Four Hours. 820 
Science m Action. 920 News. 921 
Sporisworid. 9.15 Music Now. 945 For 
Whom The Beil Tote. 1020 News. 1029 
The Worid Today. 1025 Letter From 
Northern Ireland. 1020 Financial News. 
10.40 Reflections. 1045 Sports Roundup. 
1120 News. 1129 Commentary. 11.15 
From the Weeklies. 1120 Aspects at 
UzsL 1220 News. 1229 News About 
Britain. 12.15 Radio Newsreel. 1220 
About Britain. 1245 Recorcftng of the 
Week. 120 News. 121 Outlook. 120 New 
Waves on Shortwave. 1.45 A Perfect Spy. 
220 News. 229 Review of British Press. 

2.15 Sportswortd. 220 The Junior Mas- 
ter. 320 News. 329 News About Boom. 

3.15 Worid Today. 445 ReUactons. 420 
Financial News. 520 News. 529 Twenty 
Four Hours. 545 Worid Today. AO times 
In GMT. 

GRANADA as London ex- 
unAWHUA eept 9JSam Granada 
Reports 920 Matt and Jarmy 925 
Spacewaich 1025 Mika 1020 Jeyceand 
the Wheeled Warriors 1120 Granada ■ 
Reports 1125 About BntaJn 1120 Con- 
nections 1125-1220 Granada Re- 
ports I2ttpm Granada Reports 120^ Tha 
Week inwew 2.00-320 Hotel 320- 
420 The Yourn Doctors 5.15-545 Now 
You See h 520 Granada Reports 
620 Me AMy GW 720 Albion Mar- 
kef720-820 Mutiny on the Buses 
T125 Robert Radford 1220 Rim The 
Emoezzfar 140 Closedown. 

g ry west 

Street 1025 Smuris 1040 Mika 
1125-1120Sma« Wonder 120pm News 
120-320 FBm: Wkvfbng theSaSor 
(UM Hay) &15245 Disams 520 News 
720 Ateon Market 720-920 FHm: 

Mutiny on me Buses 1020 Your Say 
1045 Spitting Image 11.15 Robert 

capt a^Rrat Thing | Raatad 11^1 Mika Hammer 1220am 

9:25 Baamalcnaan Neonach 9i55 
Sesame Street 10:50-1 120 Strtmgto Be- 
neath tha Sea 120um News 120 
Guamess Book of Records 220-320 His- 
tory of Grand Prtx 5.15-S.45 Connec- 
tions 520 North Tortgtn 520 Whose 
Baby? 720 Afijkm Market 720-920 
FBm: Mutiny on tha Buses 1120 Barney 
Miter 1220 News. Closedown. 

YORKSHIRE Aa London ex- 



1025 Sesame Street 620pm-7.w 
Wales at Sw 1020 Spitting Image 1120 
Robert Redford 1l25-1225«ni!M(e 

TSW A* London except: 925am 
-LSZ2. Sesame Street 1025 Story ol 
Perseus 1020 Cartoon 1120 Or- 
phans of the WBd 1 120-1 120 Cartoon 
120pm News 120-320 Film: Ap- 
poknment In Honduras 328-420 Young 
Doctors 5.15-545 Blockbusters 620 
Today Soutfi West 620 Sportsweek 720 
Abkxi Market 720-820 Rhu Carry 
on Abroad 1022 Robert Redford 1125 
FBnt Blood Feud 1245am Post- 
script. Closedown. 



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Tomor 7 .30. opan Mon al 7 JXX 
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By Eugene crown 
Directed try Jonathan Minor 
Eve* only Moo-Sat 720 

Aw WI 01-437 3686/7 01-434 
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“A brilliant «t Myouriy 

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The National Theatre's aocuuncd 
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“A rare arming of 
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Evg* 7-30. Mats Wed and Sat 3a 
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MAVraat S CC 639 3036. Mon- 
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ROYAL COURT 8 CC 730 1745 VICTORIA PALACE 01-834 1317 
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First published in 1785 


Cram show is 

upstaged S 
by Sanderson 

w _ victorv: the imneridiis stvfe we 

r DAVID ^ 

By Pat Botcher, Athletics Correspondent 

Steve Cram ran better than 
even be would have hoped 
with a winning performance 
that more than fulfilled every- 
one else's expectations, I 
minute 43 J2 seconds, a 
Commonwealth 800 metres 

But the world dass contest 
which evaporated when 
Sebastian Coe's illness pro- 
voked a predictable with- 
drawal yesterday morning 
shifted to the women's javelin 
where Tessa Sanderson beat 
Fatima Whitbread for the first 
time in eight meetings since 
Miss Sanderson won the 
Olympic title two years ago 
ana Miss Whitbread won the 
bronze medaL 

Since then. Miss Whitbread 
has been a consistent 70 
metres-plus thrower, while 
Miss Sanderson has lan- 
guished. That recent scenario 
looked like being repealed 
when Miss Whitbread began 
with throws in the mid-60s, 
peaking with 68.54 metres in 
the third round, while Miss 
Sanderson could not even 
reach 60 metres with her first 

But then in the fifth round, 
with Miss Whitbread gesticu- 
lating confidently after each 
throw. Miss Sanderson 
stepped up and launched her 
javelin out to 69.80 metres. 
Miss Whitbread was unable to 
respond with her final throw, 
and the victory came appro- 
priately in the same stadium 
where Miss Sanderson last 
beat Miss Whitbread in Brit- 
ain, setting a Commonwealth 
record of 73.54 metres three 
years ago. 

Cram's was an extraor- 
dinary time in the cool and 
windy conditions, as the 
champion himse lf conceded. 
And in the absence of Coe, 
still suffering from a throat 
infection. Cram won by the 
extraordinary margin of a 
dozen metres from Tom 
McKean, who nonetheless 
pronounced himself well sat- 
isfied with a Scottish record of 
f .44.80, his best by over a 

Peter Elliott, who even- 
tually finished third in 

1 :45.42, provided the impetus, 
as he admitted that everyone 
knew he would. Elliott passed 
200 metres in 24.88 seconds, 
with Cram last five metres 
behind. Elliott relented in the 
second 200 metres, to pass the 
bell in 51.03, with Cram srill 

Cram made up the gap in 
the back straight, but was still 
a couple of metres behind 
Elliott with 200 to go. Then he 
accelerated so viciously that 
he almost had a 10 metre lead 
at the beginning of the 
straight His last 200 metres, 
run with the same authority 
and control, was well under 25 
seconds, and the 1,500 metres, 
whose beats begin this after- 
noon. should be a similar 

Cram said afterwards that 
he had expected to run around 
imin 44sec to Imin 45sec, 
"but to run a time like that in a 
championship race ranks this 
very highly among my best 
performances. 1 was Sony that 
Seb (Coe) was not in the race; 
he would have added to iL 
Let's just say it would have 
been nice to see him here”. 

More Games 
reports and 
results. Page 29 

Even considering the fine 
performance, which broke 
what was then a superlative 
time of 1:43.85, the previous 
Commonwealth record, set by 
John Kipkuigat, of Kenya, in 
1974, Cram would not be 
drawn on whether he would 
attempt the same double in 
the European championships 
at the end of this month. 

The animation which 
Cram's fine performance 
brought to the coolest and 
wettest athletics day in 
Meadowbank Stadium 
continued with the women's 
javelin, the men's high jump, 
in which Milt Ottey, of Can- 
ada, beat Geoff Parsons, of 
Scotland, in a very dose 
competition, another Ca- 
nadian, Atlee Maborn, in- 

dicated that be will be a sprint 
force in world terms in years 
to come, and Steve Ovett won 
his first major title in six years. 

Despite what had looked to 
be a strong challenge from 
John Walker, of New Zealand, 
and a threat from Tim 
Hutchings and Jack Buckner, 
the other two English runners, 
to put the pressure on Ovett at 
least four laps from home, the 
race turned out to be a perfect 
platform for Ovett's sprint 

The opening 2,000 metres, 
led alternately, by Paul 
Lolergan and Paul McCloy, of 
Canada, and Terry Greene, of 
Northern Ireland, presented 
no problems to Ovett several 
metres behind, since they were 
run in 5.27.04. The 3,000 
metres would have been com- 
parably even slower, bad not 
Hutchings taken up the pace 
and gone into a lead of 10 
metres in 8.08.72. With three 
laps to go, Hutchings was 
caught by Ovett, Buckner and 
the other Canadian, Paul Wil- 
liams. When no one else made 
any positive move in the next 
two laps, the sprint off the 
final bend was as much a 
formality for Ovett as it had 
been for Cram. 

Kirsty McDermott ' was 
probably the biggest surprise 
of the last Commonwealth 
Games in Brisbane when she 
won the 800 metres. After 
putting on excessive weight, 
and losing interest two years 
ago. Miss McDermott almost 
disappeared from the sport. 
She revived herself suf- 
ficiently to set a Common- 
wealth record last year, and 
successfully defended her title 
yesterday, but, even consid- 
ering the nature of com- 
petition. an 800 metres win 
outside two minutes (2:00.94) 
does not inspire confidence 
for the European champion- 
ships in Stuttgart. 

Parsons, a declared self- 
publicist, saluted the crowd 
after each successive, success- 
ful height, and they responded 
in kind for up to 2^8 metres 
Parsons had the lead. 

Favourites in surprise exit 

There was a big upset in the 
Games badminton champion- 
ships yesterday when the top 
seeded English national cham- 
pions, Nigel Tier and Gillian 
Gowers, lost in the mixed 
doubles quarter finals yes- 
terday. They went down 15-7, 
17-15 to unseeded Austra- 
lians. Mike Scandolera and 
Audrey Tuckey, who are 
competing in their third 

There had been joy for 
Australia earlier in the day 
when Stan Golinski captured 

the gold medal in the full bore 
individual event at the Barry 
Buddon shooting range: And 
in so doing the 52-year-old 
from Sydney made up for his 
pairs disappointment earlier 
in the week. 

On that occasion a “com- 
plete miss” at the vital last 
stage cost him dear. His 
consistency in difficult wind 
conditions saw him reign su- 
preme yesterday, though he 
was forced into a shoot-off for 
the top prize with Alain 
Marion of Canada. It took 

eight shots each to separate 
the {air, GolinskTs maximum 
proving just too good for the 


Scotland's Eddie Alexander 
gained an unorthodox victory 
over Liverpool's Paul Mc- 
Hugh in the cycling sprint 
race-off for the bronze medaL 
The 21 -year-old Alexander 
won the first race with a last 
200 metres of 1 1.78 seconds 
but narrowly lost the second 
leg. Alexander was awarded 
the bronze after McHugh was 
found guilty of not holding his 
fine during the final sprint 

Cheshire Homes 
are all about 

in so many ways. 

It was the classic Ovett 
victory: the i mp e ri ous style we 
lave seen a hundred or more 
Hw« before but which had 
crumbled during illness in Los 
Angeles two summers ago. 
The old last-bend executioner 
came back at 31 In give 
Meadowbank a thrill on an 
afternoon of genuine world- 
class track and field, together 
with Cnun and McKean, 
Ottey and Parsons, Sanderson 
and Whitbread. 

Ten years ago in Montreal 
Ovett had misjudged his 800 
metres. A year later fa the 
World Cup fa Dfisseldorf he 
infUcted a sweeping defeat on 
John Walker, the Olympic 
1300 metres champion, which 
was the foretaste of an un- 
rirailed spell of world domina- 
tion over four laps nntO 
Sebastian Coe memorably 
beat him fa Moscow. 

Since his bronze that day be 
had not won a championship 
medal: out of action fa 1982, 
fonrtfa fa the first world 
championship in 1983, 
eclipsed a year later. It was a 
sweet swansong, for he cannot 
hope to repot yesterday's 
triumph fa the European 
championships, though he will 
havea by. The time may have 
been modest bet what a great 
racer the Scottish crowd saw 

regaining his pride. 

A gaunt face at 
their shoulder 

For six laps he buns about 
at the back of the 5JHX) field 
and when Hatchings made his 
necessary burst with five and a 
half laps to go there was Ovett 
moving op, the destroyer 
shadowing on the horizon. 
With three hips fa go Walker, 
the veteran of 34 and now 
some 50 metres adrift, was out 
of the reckoning. 

Ovett was in his favourite 
striking position, a stride or 
two off the leaden Hutchings, 
Buckner, then Hfachings 
again at the bell, with that 
gaunt face at their shoulder. 
Into the last bend Ovett was 
glancing behind to ensure that 
it was a two-man battle, 
delaying the blow as late as 
possible. It came on the end of 
the carve and with it that wave 
of setf-acdaim which osed to 
seem so arrogant fa a younger 
man but now was no more than 

He had so much difficulty 
adjusting to feme and fortune 
fa the most turbulent years of 
his career and we mast hope 
that Daley Thompson can 
eventually find the same 

Cram's 800 metres was of 
such exceptional dass that, 
though Seb Coe's presence 
would have added to the 
prestige of the occasion, it 
could hardly have improved it, 
for Cram's time was only a 





Bej gnfa g in the rain: Tessa Sanderson throws a victory wave (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

fifth of a second outside the 
Olympic record of Cruz in Los 
Angeles. Coe, at his c m rent 
best at nearly 30, would have 
been stretched to hold Cram 
on this performance, never 
mind with a vires infection. 

Given the fact that Cram 
was lolloping along at the back 
of the field at the end of the 
first lap, I asked him after- 
wards ifr m weather more 
sociable than Edinburgh's, 
Coe's world record of I infante 
42.73 seconds might be within 
his reach, which he himself 
has doubted. 

His answer was that he 
considers it still probably is, 
though be might get near it by 
dunce if everything was right 
on some particular day. He 
was at the bad: at the bell, he 
said, because be prefers to ran 
an even pace; though un- 
doubtedly he most have ran 
the second lap nearly half a 

second faster than the first, in 
around 51 A 

We amid may be see the 
two-lap confrontation fa Stutt- 
gart, assuming Coe's Alness 
swiftly recedes, but I fancy the 
clash may be confined to the 
1300 metres because I suspect 
Cnun may consider the sterner 
challenge of the Europeans 
will require his fall attention to 
his preferred event He says be 
will deci de d after tomorrow's 

McKean demonstrated he, 
too, might have given Coe a 
ran for his money with a 
Scottish record fa becoming 
the seventh best United King- 
dom performer. The luckless 
Elliott was always likely to set 
himself up for the kAl fry 
r unnin g from the front and his 
contribution in taking the 
bronze was to have helped 
make it a race of quality. 

pays off 

Guinness, the main sponsor 
with £23 million invested in 
the Commonwealth Games, 
are more than happy with 
their huge outlay. 

Colin Liddell, the 
company's head of corporate 
affairs for Scotland. said.“We 
are certainly very happy with 
the way the Games have gone. 
There were two main reasons 
why we made our decision to 
join in, but primarily, it was to 
make the Games happen for 
Edinburgh. Even getting the 
Games to the city was proof of 
our success. 

“Secondly, of course, there 
was the commercial aspect, 
and on that front, our involve- 
ment has worked extremely 


Athletes put on Seoul smog alert 

Foundtr Group Captain 
ImardChntnrr. if. OM. OSO. OFC. 

The residents in Leonard Cheshire Homes are very severely 
handicapped men, women and children suffering from a wide range 
of conditions. Sometimes unable to speak, or to move much more 
than a hand orfooL 

A Cheshire Home offers them much more than just physical 
care. It gives them the dignity and freedom that is their right as 
individuals, the opportunity of friendship, a sense of purpose and a 
chance (0 participate. 

There ore 75 Cheshire Homes in the United Kingdom and a 
further 147 in 45 countries throughout the world. Alt of them have 
been made possible by the efforts or dedicated volunteers and by 
generous charitable donations. 

We also reach out to elderly and disabled people living in their 
own homes, and to families with a handicapped member who may 
be struggling alone in isolation and despair 19 FamilySuppon Services 
in England provide vital part-time help at crucial limes of the day- 
a lifeline indeed. But many, many more services are needed to plug 
the yawninggaps in state provision. Only 137% ofourincome is spent 
on administering this large charily. s 

This means that almost all the money we receive goes m 
DIRECT help to those in need. 


I To: Hon. Treasurer; Room B. The Leonanl Cheshire Foundaiion, 

| 26-29 Maunsel Street, London SWlP 2QN. . 

I □ I enclose a donation. | 

I HU Please send me some information on covenants/legacies? . 
I □ Please send me more information. ’(please delete) I 


Edinburgh (AFP) — A lead- 
ing British researcher in sports 
medicine has warned that 
athletes' performances at the 
1988 Olympic Games in Seoul 
coukl be badly affected by the 
air pollution there. 

The warning came at a 
conference on sports medicine 
and science here from Dr Ron 
Maughan, of Aberdeen 

men quit 

Pat Pocock and Graham 
Barlow, the former England 
players, announced their re- 
tirements from first-class 
cricket yesterday. 

Pocock, aged 39, and Surrey 
captain, said after a career 
spanning 24 years and 25 
Tests, while taking 1 ,593 wick- 
ets with his off-spin at an 
average of 2632: “P P stands 
for Pat Pocock, not Peter Pan. 
The time fa right to finish at 
the end of me season, al- 
though Fm bowling better 
than ever.” Barlow, aged 36, 
the left-handed Middlesex 
opening batsmen, has been 
recently plagued by a back 
injury after 18 seasons that 
brought 12387 runs at nearly 
36 and three Test caps. 

Pearce out 

Wayne Pearce, the Australia 
forward and vice-captain, is to 
undergo knee surgery and will - 
miss the Rugby League tour of 
Great Britain and France, 
starting October 7. Peter Ster- 
ling. the former Huff back is 
expected to take over from 
Pearce, who injured his knee 
when Australia completed a 3- 
0 whitewash against New Zea- 
land in Brisbane on Tuesday. 

University, who likened the 
South Korean capital's pollu- 
tion 10 that of Los Angeles, 
where the last Olympics were 

The Los Angeles Games 
alerted people to the fact that 
exercising in a polluted 
environment exposed people 
to significant hazards, he said. 
Smog might not unduly affect 

■ ■* 

Pocock: 24 seasons at Oval 

the ordinary person who takes 
in seven to eight litres of air 
per minute, but it could 
impair lung function in an 
athlete who takes in between 
60 and 100 litres of air a 
minute. Dr Maughan said this 
could be a pointer to viral 
infections such as the one 
which forced Sebastian Coe 
out of the Commonwealth 

Robson mends 

Bryan Robson began train- 
ing for Manchester United 
yesterday, but will not join go 
to Holland next week for an 
international tournament in 
Amsterday. “The hamstring 
injury he bad' in Mexico has 
cleared completely. His dam- 
aged shoulder is now his only 
concern,” said Ron Atkinson, 
the manager. Gary Bailey, 
recovering from a knee opera- 
tion is also doubtful for the 
start of the season. 

Big hurdles to cross on 
the sweltering prairie 

From Elaine Scott, Hutchinson, 

Keeping cool Good cheer 

“ ® KlAttinntraRictiirs f*. 

Two British teams will use 
refrigerated suits, iced fluid 
pumped through special veins 
developed by space technol- 
ogy, this weekend to prevent 
heat exhaustion. They include 
Derek Warwick.. in the Silk 
Cut Jaguar, who currently lies 
second behind Derek BeU's 
Porsche in the world sportscar 
championship before the race 
in Jerez. Spain and the Rover 
Vitesse drivers, now leading 
the European Touring Car 
championship, before the Spa 
24-hour race in Belgium. 

On sidelines 

Clive Thomas, the former 
World Cup referee and a 
director of non-league Bany 
Town, has missed selection to 
the Welsh FA Council at a 
meeting in Cardiff 

Nottinghamshire. Council 
have budgeted . £50,000 on j 
hospitality for the world row- 
ing championships from Au- 
gust 17-24, at Holme Pier- 
repont, the prospective site in 
the Midlands’ attempt to stage 
the 1992 Olympic Games. 

Wilson back 

Rochdale Hornets have ap- 
pointed Frank Wilson, a for- 
mer Wales international wing; j 
as their player/coach. despite 
surprising Leeds last season by . 
announcing his retirement 

Bulgaria, who failed to qual- 
ify for the second round of the 
Wortd Cup-finals in Mexico, j 
dismissed Iva Vutsov. the 1 
senior coach of the team, in ; 
Sofia yesterday and replaced 
him with Hrisio Mladenov, 
coach of Sla via SofiaJ 

If Great Britain and Ireland 
are to put a halt to the run of 
12 Curtis Cup match defeats 
when they tee off for the first 
day’s play here at Prairie 
Dunes, they will have three 
big hurdles to cross. Not only 
do they have to cope with the 
useful talent of the American 
team, all but one of whom are 
college golfers, but also with 
the sweltering heat and the 
fearsome borrows) of the slick, 
contoured greens. 

Knowing that the tem- 
peratures were likely to soar 
above the 100 degree mark 
and that the humidity would 
be around 13 per cent, Diane 
Bailey, the non-playing cap- 
tain, adopted the precaution 
taken by the English football 
team fa Mexico during the 
World Cup and brought an 
ample supply of a mineral 
drink which sustains energy 
and reduces weight loss, for 
her team 10 chink throughout 
play. Wide brimmed hats and 
wet towels around the neck are 
the order of the day if the fair 

British and Irish girts are to be 
prevented from melting away. 

This problem, however, is 
not one that is exclusive to the 
visitors this week. Although 
they are a tittle more used to 
such conditions, Judy Bell, the 
American captain, will also be 
keeping a careful eye on her 
girls. “I was brought up in this 
area,” she said, “but in these 
sort of conditions everybody 
is going to suffer. The vital 
thing is to make sure that body 
temperature is kept as low as 
possible, because once that 
starts to go you are in 

Diane Bailey is supremely 
confident of her teams 
chances of adding to their 

meagre tally of two British and 

Irish victories in the past 23 
stagings .of the event. “The 
gins are going out there know- 
ing they can win. They 
remember how close it was at 
Muirfield fa 1984, when we 
only lost by a point and they 
are very excited about our 
chances of w inning ” 


New bid for Wolves 

The West Midlands build- 
ing tycoon Barry Edwards has 
joined the battle to take over 
Wolverhampton Wanderers 
and is behind a group reported 
to have offered the Receiver 
£32 million for the ailing 
Molftieux dub. The bid is 
“stiff on the table”. 

The new offer rivals the 
joint deal hammered out be- 
tween Wolverhampton Coun- 
cil and Asda, the supermarket 
giants, for Wolves, of the 
fourth division. News of 

y esIe rriay’s offer prompted a 
temporary withdrawal of their 
bid by the Coundl, who have 
JRHJ? put up £1.1 million. 
• Middlesbrough have been 
wanted that they must pn>- 
du “. , a Package “very 

quickly if they want to stay in 
foe Football League. The third 
division club were wound up 
m J"* Nigh Court this week 
and developments today 
could determine whether they 
will bounce back. 

Cup draw, page 27 



above a 

By John Woodcock 

Cricket Correspondent 

The Test and County 
Cricket Board have resisted 
the idea, mercifully, of patting 
one person in more or less sole 
charge of the England side. To 
have done so could have made 
the captain's job untenab le. 
Instead, the name of an assis- 
tant manager for the forthcom- 
ing tour of Australia, of a more 
conventional type hot with a 
longer contract fa the offing 
next spring, will be ann ounced 

The overall manager for 
Australia is likely to be an- 
nounced at the same time, 
together with the captain, who 
seems sare to be Mike 
Gatting, and a 


Although the board deny. 
Ray Illingworth's assertion 
that the assistant manager’s, 
job was his for the taking, be • 
was undoubtedly a front run- . 
ner. His interest waned when 
he knew he would not be given 
foe foil powers he wanted, A 
good thing, too. Cricket does: 
not lend itself, fa foe way that 
football may, to a generalis-. 
si mo. I very much doubt 
whether Illingworth, when he ! 
was captain of England, would 
ever bare tolerated anyone', 
frith foe authority that he 
sought for himself. 

Seeing the game 
in a new light 

Cussed as he can tm- 
doubtedly be, he has one of the 
astutest of cricket brains. No 
doubt, too, he sees the game 
now in a much wider perspec- 
tive than when, after his side 
had regained the Ashes fa 
Australia in 1970-71, the 
Cricket Council felt obliged to 
express their “grave concern 
about incidents involving dis- 
sent from umpires' decisions”, 
and on the major issues of the 
day he talks a lot of sense. Bnt 
a cricket side fly not a 
manager's flag but a captain's. 
Jardfae's did, Clive Lloyd's, 
did, David Gower's did, 
Illingworth's did and 
Gattfag's most 

In football foe manager does 
almost everything, even to the 
extent of deriding who shall 
substitute for whom and when. 
In cricket many of the most 
important decisions have to be 
taken on the field and most 
therefore be foe captain's. 
What could be worse than that 
he should constantly be look- 
ing over his shoulder, feeling 
that not be but the manager 
was responsible for the result 
and that it was foe manager’s 
job that depended on ft. 

It is because foe running of a 
happy and successful cricket . 
team is best done in partner- * 
ship that foe four names for - 
Australia will be announced - 
simultaneously. They were, 
agreed upon yesterday by the * 
executive committee of the 
TCCB for approval at today's * 
meeting of the full board. 7 

If they get it right this time, " 
and there is no certainty of 
that, good will have come from : 
their mistake of sending Bob 
Willis to West Indies last 
winter. Upon realizing how - 
wrong they had got that, they 
gave more careful thought 
than oseal to today's! 
appointments. - 

Proposal contrary / 
to TCCB policy 

I hope they will view with, 
foe same concern news of the 
International Cricket 
Conference's proposal that, 
any registered player going to 
South Africa, if only to coach, 
shall disqualify himself from, 
playing for England. This is. 
directly contrary to what has ; 
always been the Tees's de- > 
dared and calculated policy. .. 

In March 1982, when slap- 
ping a three-year Test ban on 
the England players who were- 
foeu touring Sooth Africa, the 
board went out of their way to 
stress foe right of the individ- 
ual to seek cricketing employ 
meat in Sooth Africa during 
his off season so long as ft wds 
not as a member of an ear' 
authorized team. 

At various times since then 
the board have reaffirmed 
their stance on this. Eat* 
winter some 60 or 70 county, 
cricketers go to South Africa. 
By doing so they avoid foe. 
dole, improve their own 
cricket, help the game riglit 
across foe board in the Repub- 
lic and are pursuing in a 
perfectly legitimate and 
proper manner their 
livelihood. - 

If foe TCCB snbndt now to 
what amounts to political 
blackmail by certain members 
of foe ICC they will seriously, 
compromise a successful, im- 
portant and constructive 
relationship with the" 
Cricketers’ Association, 
whose opposition to foe ICCV 
proposal has already been 
established, and nm fa to all 
kinds of tenable with the law 
as it relates to restraint of 
ttade. Upon such matters as 
fois Illingworth is now a very' 
discerning spokesman. 

IS ■